FINAL Saturday 7 April 2018 telegraph.co.uk No 50,661 £ 2.20 SENSATIONAL STAYCATIONS 25 Gone girls How regression therapy tore families apart Magazine The new wedding checklist This year’s must-haves world-class experiences on your doorstep Saturday Travel B R I TA I N ’ S B E S T - S E L L I N G Q U A L I T Y D A I LY Police abandon two in three burglary victims as crime soars As pensioner arrested over burglar’s death is set free, scale of forces’ failure to go after thieves is revealed By Martin Evans, Ashley Kirk and Kate McCann POLICE are failing to investigate two thirds of burglaries properly as forces struggle to cope with the rising tide of crime on Britain’s streets. In the last two years the number of unsolved domestic burglaries has risen from 47 per cent to 64 per cent, while in some areas nine out of 10 cases are written off without any action. After years of decline, burglaries have risen sharply in number, with more than 400,000 crimes recorded last year, around half of which took place at people’s homes. The data emerged as a pensioner from south London was released without any action after a career criminal who had broken into his home was stabbed to death. Richard Osborn-Brooks, 78, whose wife has dementia, was initially arrested on suspicion of murder, but was last night informed that he would not face any charges. However, despite the recent surge in offences, many forces have stopped routinely attending burglaries, opting instead to deal with victims on the phone. In the vast majority of those cases if there was no obvious forensic evidence immediately available, or no CCTV in the surrounding area, detectives would not spend time looking for the culprit. According to official statistics, last year 127,617 burglary investigations across England and Wales were closed without any suspect being identified, leaving victims without any hope of justice and often living in fear of further attacks. That figure is a rise of more than 35,000 since 2014, when the statistics were first collected and published. In many cases the victims were simply informed by police there were no investigative opportunities available. Many cash-strapped forces are taking the decision not to respond to nonemergency burglary reports in person. Obituaries Business Weather is away ISSN-0307-1235 9 *ujöeöu#yxc,nc* ÊÑËÄ 27 29 32 Leicestershire Police was criticised three years ago for only responding to burglaries at homes with even numbers. Scotland Yard came under fire last year when it announced it would no longer respond to many low-level crimes, including burglary, if the victims were not in danger and no suspect could be easily identified. Even when a full investigation was opened, less than 6 per cent of burglaries resulted in a prosecution, the lowest figure for more than a decade. Police leaders have insisted they continue to take burglary seriously, but are forced by dwindling budgets to prioritise more serious matters such as terrorism, violent crime and sexual offences. But experts have warned that this policy is emboldening burglars and is leading to the surge in offending. Campaigners for victims have ‘Road rage killer’ Noye tastes freedom By Martin Evans Crime Correspondent POLICE officers are reluctant to use their stop and search powers because of the “chill effect” of political interference, one of Britain’s most senior officers has said. Writing in today’s Daily Telegraph, Sara Thornton, the chairman of the National Police Chiefs’ Council, urges officers to have the confidence to use the powers available to them in order to respond to a deadly surge in street violence. Acknowledging that stop and search is not a “silver bullet”, Ms Thornton says it remains a vital tool if used properly. The former chief constable of Thames Valley Police says that, while she is not advocating random stop and search, targeted patrols of known hotspots needed to be part of a swift response. Yesterday a Section 60 order, granting police stop and search powers across the Borough of Newham, was announced following an incident in which a 13-year-old boy was stabbed. Ms Thornton’s comments also come as Cressida Dick, the Metropolitan Police Commissioner, announced that 300 extra officers would be deployed across the capital this weekend in a show of force. “We have not lost control of the streets,” she said. “I can understand why some people are very worried at the moment… We have had some ghastly homicides, particularly in the last few days, including those of really young people, and that is bound to be frightening. “Just this weekend we have 300 extra officers each day in the areas in the most significant hotspots where there have been high levels of knife crime. “Every police chief would always want more officers and more resources. It’s my job to make the case for more and also to make the best use of what we’ve got.” INSIDE Reports Pages 4 & 5 Social media gangs Page 5 Editorial Comment Page 17 demanded an end to the apparent trivialisation of burglary, pointing out that it remains one of the most upsetting and traumatising of all acquisitive offences. Diana Fawcett, from the charity Victim Support, said: “Burglary not only robs victims of their physical possessions – it can also rob people of their sense of security at home, a place where everyone should feel most safe. “It’s vitally important that all reports of burglary are taken seriously and that victims have access to the support they need to help them cope and recover.” Baroness Newlove, the victims’ commissioner, also hit out at the lack of personal response from the police when someone is burgled. She said it was not good enough for the police to claim they were too under-resourced to follow up cases. “Victims want to feel supported, especially by those who are there to protect them. Getting an email or a phone call is not the same as a face to face response. It is not just about getting a Continued on Page 5 Bring back stop and search, says police leader Kenneth Noye, who stabbed a man to death on the M25 in 1996, left prison unsupervised yesterday for a hospital visit. Report: Page 5 Sara Thornton: Page 4 Putin crony’s £1bn London flotation questioned as US freezes his assets By Ben Riley-Smith, Jillian Ambrose and Alec Luhn MINISTERS are under pressure to explain why a crony of Vladimir Putin was allowed to float his company on the London Stock Exchange after the United States accused him of links to organised crime. Oleg Deripaska and his firms were hit with American sanctions yesterday in a crackdown on “malign” Russian activity. The energy tycoon, known in the UK for once hosting Lord Mandelson and George Osborne on his yacht, was accused by the US Treasury of “directly or indirectly” working for the Kremlin, as well as ordering the murder of a business rival and bribing an official. His US assets have been frozen and Americans are barred from doing busi- ness with his various companies, some of which are based in the UK. EN+ Group, a Channel Islands energy company controlled by Mr Deripaska and named in the US sanctions list, was allowed to float in London in November. The decision was taken despite the company being part-owned by a Russian bank subject to EU and US sanctions. The Daily Telegraph has also revealed that MI6 had concerns. After flotation, EN+ raised around £1 billion in sold shares. Questions are now being raised about whether the flotation should have been approved. The Financial Conduct Authority decides which companies are allowed to float on the LSE. The regulator consulted the security services before approving the move. The Treasury is also understood to have raised no concerns, leaving the matter to the FCA. However, MPs last night questioned why government ministers did not do more to warn against the EN+ flotation given its ties to Mr Deripaska. Tom Brake, the Liberal Democrat trade spokesman who raised concerns about the flotation last December, demanded answers. Mr Brake said: “They clearly dropped the ball in this case. I will be asking Continued on Page 6 2 *** Saturday 7 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph News Saturday 7 APril 2018 . telegraPh.co.uk *** I N S I D E TO DAY Y I N S I D E TO DAY FOOD & DRINK *** FAMILY LIFE Saturday 7 APril 2018 . telegraPh.co.uk What I learnt when Wh I went nt back to primaryy school CONSUMER The challenge of finding an accessible home Rialtto! MARKETS Get moving Russell Norm man’s spring INTERNATIONAL m Venice flavours from Meet the Britons The commuter hotspots on London’s compass points page 9 setting up quirky businesses abroad page 4 *** MONEy M O *** Saturday 7 April 2018 . telegraph.co.uk Saturday 7 APril 2018 . telegraPh.co.uk VIENNESE WHIRL The art of exploring the city of emperors page 3 | RAILWAY CHILDREN A journey into the hills of Budapest page 10 age 16 GIVE PEACE A CHANCE The magical hotel retreat in Rajasthan page 14 | RUSSELL HOWARD ‘I loved the Monkey Bar in Mumbai’ page 25 page 6 AGONY UNCLE CLE E HERITAGE ortton Graham Nort olvve v is here to solv em ms your problem What next for Wentworth Woodhouse? MakeI Nthe V E Sworld T O R D I your A R Y own GARDENING Cedric Morris’s paradise of pollen and paint page 30 page 9 t d Property o Saturday page 15 AIM SHARES FUND OF THE WEEK ASK JESSICA B E ST B U YS Jet set The world’s cheapest stock markets Pain relief? Hope for bank transfer fraud victims Silver lining Is 56 too late to start saving for a pension? Investing Scams Money Makeover Page 4 Page 3 Page 3 page 18 And the bride wore *** trainers: Review A RT S , B O O K S , T E L E V I S ION & R A D I O 2018’s wedding checklist ‘PAy DADs tO stAy At HOME Or sHArED LEAvE wILL FAIL’ SaturDay 7 April 2018 The Telegraph Magazine 7 April 2018 Three years after the launch of shared parental leave, calls for reform are growing. SAM MEADOwS investigates F athers must be given drastically improved rights or the Government’s shared parental leave policy risks failing entirely, experts have warned. The policy, three years old this week, is meant to allow fathers to be more involved in their children’s early years and mothers to return to the workplace sooner. But the latest official estimates suggest that as little as 2pc of eligible parents have so far taken up the offer, with a lack of awareness and equal pay issues being blamed. The Government launched a £1.5m advertising campaign in February to boost the prospects of a policy that employment experts say could help fix the gender pay gap at many firms. But the lack of pay parity is being flagged as a major stumbling block to the policy’s success. ASADOUR GUZELIAN FOR THE TELEGRAPH The great British weekend end d starts s here How does it work? Women in the workplace have the legal right to 52 weeks of maternity leave. The first six weeks of this must be paid at 90pc of their usual salary, with the next 33 weeks paid at the statutory level of £145.18 a week. Any leave beyond this does not have to be paid, although some employers provide “enhanced” packages with better terms. Under paternity leave, men only have the right to two weeks of leave paid at the statutory level. Shared parental leave gives couples the right to split the 52 weeks between them. The mother must take the first WorlD-class ExpEriEncEs on yourr Do DoorstEp oorstEp Sorrel So orrel and Dave Ashton Asshton shared parental lea ave afte f r their so on, Cooper, was born leave after son, two weeks after birth off, but after that b n take the leave. either parent can The pay is at the th he statutory level for both parents, although alth hough the mother can still take six weeks week ks of maternity pay at 90pc of her salary salarry before switching. Parents can take the leave one after the other, or at the same time. The right is also extended to same-sex couples and adopting parents. Fixing the gender pay gap? Thousands of companies around the country have declared their gender pay gap in the past week. Shared FlorAl instAllAtions, doughnut wAlls, mismAtChed dresses, hAg dos And BrAss From the night skyBAnds... in Exmoor to vintage trams on the Isle of Man and French cuisine in Oxfordshire, SARAH BAXTER celebrates r travelling ttrave r lling close l to home Claire Cohen explAins whAt you’ll Be seeing A lot of this summer European countries, such as Slovenia and Sweden, introduced similar policies four decades ago and now have some of the smallest gender pay gaps in the world. Tom McLaughlin, an employment lawyer at law firm BDBF, said: “If you take six months off work there are obvious issues in needing to hand over client relationships to others and then pick up your work again down the line. “My wife and I did shared parental leave, we’re both lawyers and it allowed her to stay in touch better and come back to work sooner.” The other obvious benefit is that fathers can be more involved in their child’s upbringing. Francesca Clark, 35, and her husband Samuel Hutchinson, 39, split eight months of leave between them after their son, Max, was born in 2016. Ms Clark, who is executive producer of HighTide, a small theatre company, was able to return to work for a major event the company holds every year, but Mr Hutchinson was also able to gain valuable time with his son. “It was a really positive experience for us. Our employers were really committed to making it happen,” she said. “I wanted Samuel to understand what it was like to be at home with a small child and I think we are both better parents as a result.” Sorrel Ashton, 29, and her husband Dave, 32, also took advantage of shared leave when their son, Cooper, was born a year ago. Mr Ashton said: “Being at home for three months was brilliant. Sorrel and Cooper had built a very strong bond and I was a bit of a third wheel. I was able to get more involved.” Why is the policy failing? Estimates suggest a fraction of eligible parents have applied while some studies suggest more than 60pc of British companies have parental leave is often championed as never had a request for shared a way to help fix the issue. This is parental leave. because it allows mothers, who could Nat Whalley, of Organise, the workplace campaigning site, said: otherwise fall behind in their careers, “Shared parental leave is a great the chance to return to work sooner after they have children. policy. But at the moment it’s a missed opportunity for millions of According to Dr Jana Javornik, an academic specialising in family policy at the University of East London, other Continued on page 2 REMEMBRANCE OF THINGS PAST? Special offer Subscribe today and get a £100 gift card of your choice Subscriber offers Save 20% on tickets to The Telegraph Bespoke Bicester Village event Save £10 on tickets to The Planets at the Royal Festival Hall See page 14 See page 30 See page 30 ThE uLtIMatE supEr-rIch su hoLIDay hoME INDIA HOBSON In today’s Saturday Telegraph Your unmissable weekend package Elon Musk has stayed and Rihanna lives nearby. Liz iz Rowlinson Ro takes a look inside the Cote d’Azur’s most expensive home on the open market Wild child, rock god, tech mogul How Jared Leto went from Nineties heartthrob to Silicon Valley powerhouse Irish plan to sail directly to EU after Brexit By James Crisp BRUSSELS CORRESPONDENT SHIPPING companies in Ireland are making plans to bypass British ports after Brexit and travel direct to the Continent to avoid new customs checks and possible tailbacks. Irish hauliers, who use Britain as a staging post to travel to Europe, have brought forward new direct routes, despite promises by the British Government that future trade will be frictionless, as it is now, and agreement on a Brexit transition period prolonging the status quo until the end of 2020. Michel Barnier, the European Union’s chief Brexit negotiator, has repeatedly warned that frictionless trade is impossible outside of the bloc’s single market and customs union even if there is a UK-EU free trade agreement. CLdN, a shipping company in Luxembourg, has introduced two “mega vessels” on new direct freight routes between Dublin and the ports of Zee- Sports teacher ‘used massage to assault girls’ will continue to be busy even if the direct routes do lessen the traffic. Meanwhile, British Brexit negotiators face a race against the clock to convince the EU they can prevent the return of customs on the border between Northern Ireland and Ireland. An April 18 meeting between Olly Robbins and Sabine Weyand, top UK and EU officials, has been identified as a crunch point in negotiations over the “so-called backstop clause”. Theresa May has ruled out a Euro- pean Commission proposal to keep Northern Ireland in the single market and customs union, which would create a new border in the Irish Sea, if Britain’s preferred options of a free-trade agreement or innovative technical solutions fail. Britain must find an alternative before the June EU summit or run the risk that the Brexit deal will not be finished in time to be ratified by national governments and the European Parliament before the March 29 deadline. Black art Sophie Cooper, aged 10, from Leith, inside Event Horizon, the balloon sculpture created by Jason Hackenwerth, a US artist, for the Edinburgh International Science Festival. Made from 30,000 balloons, the sculpture, which aims to mimic a black hole, hangs from the top of the National Museum of Scotland’s Grand Gallery. JANE BARLOW/PA A FORMER Eton and Queen’s Club sports teacher massaged a pupil’s “virtually naked body” while she was lying face down on the floor of his locked study, a court has heard. Ajaz Karim then turned the 14-yearold girl over and began touching her inappropriately, a jury at Brighton Crown Court was told on Friday. The 63-year-old, of Hammersmith, west London, denies nine charges of indecent assault and one of attempted indecent assault against six girls, aged 14 to 18, at Christ’s Hospital School in Horsham, West Sussex, between 1985 and 1993. The court heard how he has also worked at Eton College, Queen’s Club, the Hurlingham Club, and has links to London branches of Champneys and Credit Suisse. Eloise Marshall, prosecuting, said: “Mr Karim used his position as a member of staff and his role in the sports department at the school to use massage of these girls as a subterfuge for touching them sexually. “They didn’t all appreciate at the time that the touching was sexual but all say they felt uncomfortable.” The trial continues. brugge, Belgium, and Rotterdam. Irish Continental Group will boost weekly freight capacity from 120 to 1,155 lorries between Dublin and the French port of Cherbourg this summer. Brittany ferries will this month start a service between Cork and Santander in Spain “In anticipation of Brexit, the shipping community was looking for alternative solutions” CLdN told the Financial Times. Freight between Ireland and the UK NEWS BULLETIN Royal Mail sent out 327,000 nuisance emails Royal Mail sent more than 300,000 nuisance emails to people who had opted out of receiving marketing information, the Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO) found. The ICO said that on two dates in July 2017, the company sent emails outlining a price drop for parcels to 327,014 people who had already asked not to receive them. Royal Mail, which has been fined £12,000, has apologised and said it has tightened its processes. The ICO investigated after a member of the public complained. Football manager killed himself after losing job A football manager killed himself six months after losing his job, an inquest has heard. Dermot Drummy, who left Crawley Town as the team’s head coach in May last year, had been seeking counselling for his “low mood after losing his job”. The 56-year-old, formerly Chelsea’s youth’s coach, was found in woodland in Hoddesdon, Herts, on Nov 27 2017. Edward Solomons, assistant coroner for Hertfordshire, recorded a verdict of suicide. is a member of the Independent Press Standards Organisation (IPSO) and we subscribe to its Editors’ Code of Practice. If you have a complaint about editorial content, please visit www.telegraph. co.uk/editorialcomplaints or write to ‘Editorial Complaints’ at our postal address (see below). If you are not satisfied with our response, you may appeal to IPSO at www.ipso.co.uk. The Daily Telegraph, 111 Buckingham Palace Road, London, SW1W 0DT *** The Daily Telegraph Saturday 7 April 2018 3 News Using wet wipes raises risk of childhood food allergies Leaving soap on baby’s skin can lead to an intolerance of certain foods, US study finds By Henry Bodkin AS ANY parent will attest, baby wipes are the godsend that keeps the mess of child-rearing almost under control. But scientists have warned that their use is increasing the risk of childhood food allergies. Researchers have hailed a “major advance” in understanding what causes allergies after tests revealed links between skin damage and intolerance to certain foods. They suggest that use of wet wipes – and an increasing failure by parents to rinse away soap after washing their babies – may be a contributing factor to the rise in childhood food allergies. The top layer of skin is made of lipids, types of fat, which can be disrupted by soap and soapy chemicals in wipes, the team at Northwestern University found. If a child carries genes that predispose them to altered skin absorbency, contact with these chemicals heightens risk that comes with exposure to food allergens. The UK has some of the highest prevalence of allergic conditions in the world, with over 20 per cent of people affected, while hospital admissions for anaphylaxis – a potentially fatal allergic reaction – have risen more than 615 per cent in the last 26 years. Around eight per cent of British children are thought to suffer from a food allergy. Published in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, the “recipe” for childhood food allergies was identified by comparing clinical data with genetic mutations which occur in humans and experiments on neonatal Allergic reactions Rise in hospital admissions It is estimated that 1 to 2 per cent of adults and 5-8 per cent of children have a food allergy. Most children grow out of an allergy to eggs, milk, wheat and soya by the age of five. However, it is rare to grow out of allergies to nuts, seafood, and fish. According to NHS Digital, there were 25,093 hospital admissions for allergies in England in 2015/16, up 36 per cent from 2011/12. mice involving allergen exposure. “They [babies] may not be eating food allergens as a newborn, but they are getting them on their skin,” said Professor Cook-Mills, who led the research. “Say a sibling with peanut butter on her face kisses the baby, or a parent is preparing food with peanuts and then handles the baby.” He advised: “Reduce baby’s skin exposure to the food allergens by washing your hands before handling the baby. Limit use of infant wipes that leave soap on the skin. Rinse soap off with water like we used to do years ago.” The neonatal mice in the experiment with the mutations had normal-appearing skin, and the dry, itchy skin of dermatitis did not develop until the mice were a few months old, the equivalent of a young adult in humans. After the mice received three to four skin exposures of food and dust allergens for 40 minutes during a two-week period, they were then given egg or peanut by mouth. They suffered allergic reactions at the site of the skin exposure and in the intestine, as well as anaphylaxis. “This is a recipe for developing food allergy,” said Professor Cook-Mills. “It’s a major advance in our understanding of how food allergy starts early in life.” A few tips on how not to give offence abroad Royal support Meghan Markle and Prince Harry, patron of the Invictus Games Foundation, encourage athletes during the British team trials for the Invictus Games at the University of Bath Sports Training Village. The Sydney games, following on from last year’s successful event in Toronto, will take place from Oct 20-27 and see more than 500 competitors – wounded, injured and sick servicemen and women – from 18 nations compete in 11 adaptive sports. Prince Harry and his fiancée will marry on May 19, and the Sydney games will be Ms Markle’s first confirmed royal tour. CHRIS JACKSON/GETTY IMAGES By Katie Morley CONSUMER AFFAIRS EDITOR BRITISH tourists are offending locals because they are ignorant about how much they are expected to tip, a survey has found. Holidaymakers’ lack of local knowledge means that over the course of a typical overseas break, the average family over-tips by £78, according to the poll of 3,000 holidaymakers. Fewer than half of people questioned knew that a minimum tip of 15 per cent is expected in the United States, while only one in five was aware that they should round up a bar bill in Norway to the nearest 10. More than one third admitted to lacking in confidence on how to tip abroad, with one quarter knowingly over-tipping, they told Comparethemarket.com, which conducted the survey. Nearly one in five said being in the dark over tipping etiquette had had a negative impact on their trip. And one in 10 travellers confessed to being confronted by a local over a tipping faux-pas. Just 16 per cent of tourists knew a 10 per cent tip was expected for a taxi ride in South Africa, while one in five knew they were expected to show gratitude to a taxi driver in Argentina with a 10 per cent tip. Fewer than three in 10 knew tour guides in China rely on tip income, with an equal number aware you must tip a concierge at the beginning of a stay in Morocco to get the best service. Chris King, of Comparethemarket. com, said: “It seems millions of Brits are frequently getting themselves tied up in currency conundrums.” 4 ** Saturday 7 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph Battle against crime By Robert Mendick and Patrick Sawer SCOTLAND Yard last night defended its initial decision to arrest a pensioner for the murder of a burglar after telling the 78-year-old he would face no further action. Richard Osborn-Brooks, whose wife suffers from dementia, was informed by police yesterday that the case against him had been dropped. He had been arrested over the stabbing of Henry Vincent, 37, a career criminal, who had broken into his home in Hither Green, south-east London, on Wednesday, armed with a screwdriver. Last night it was unclear when Mr Osborn-Brooks and his wife would be able to return to their home after it was boarded up with metal grilles and CCTV cameras installed amid fears for the pensioner’s future safety. The decision by police not to proceed against Mr Osborn-Brooks followed consultation with the Crown Prosecution Service. Vincent’s family have also been given a full explanation. Mr Osborn-Brooks’ arrest caused a furore, while David Gauke, the Justice Secretary, made it clear the Government’s “sympathies” lay with homeowners fighting back during break-ins. In a statement, police went out of their way to justify the arrest of Mr Osborn-Brooks following the stabbing on Wednesday. Scotland Yard explained that by arresting the pensioner it enabled him to be interviewed under caution with his own lawyer present. Det Chief Insp Simon Harding, of the Metropolitan Police’s Homicide and Major Crime Command, said: “This is a tragic case for all of those involved. As expected with any incident where someone has lost their life, my officers carried out a thorough investigation into the circumstances of the death. “Whilst there might be various forms of debate about which processes should be used in cases such as this, it was important that the resident was interviewed by officers under the appropriate legislation of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act, not only for the integrity of our investigation but also so that his personal and legal rights were protected.” Mr Osborn-Brooks had been told he would remain under arrest until at least May, but prosecutors reviewing the evidence with police agreed no action should be taken. Vincent, who broke into the house Richard Osborn-Brooks. Grilles were fitted to his home, right. Below, Cyril Goodearl with an accomplice, died after a struggle and is believed to have been killed with his own screwdriver. The accomplice fled the scene and is being sought by police. Another burglary victim of Vincent said last night that Mr Osborn-Brooks had performed a “jolly good job” in defending his home, and said he was pleased the career criminal had died. It is alleged that Vincent and his gang tricked Cyril Goodearl, also 78, in November, stealing jewellery, including precious personal items, from his home in Farningham, Kent. Asked how he felt about the death of Vincent, Mr Goodearl said: “Jolly good job. That’s got rid of another bit of scum. I am all in favour of capital punishment. They should never have let him out of prison. It’s good riddance and he got what he deserved.” He Neighbourhood watch Surge in new schemes The recent spike in burglaries across Britain has led to a surge in the number of communities launching Neighbourhood Watch schemes. Last month saw more than 900 new areas join the scheme – up from around 150 in an average month. Neighbourhood Watch, first launched in Cheshire in 1982, encouragess ies to communities her’s be each other’s ars eyes and ears Around n 8.7 million schemes w have now been d registered across the UK. ere There were n more than 410,000 burglary offences last year. added: “I would like to shake his [Mr Osborn-Brooks’] hand. If I was in the same position I would have done exactly the same thing.” Mr Goodearl was the victim of a planned distraction burglary. A woman in a distressed state knocked on the front door of his Georgian home in the early afternoon and told him she had been assaulted and was seeking refuge until a relative arrived. Mr Goodearl invited her into his home, where she asked for a glass of water – only for another member of Vincent’s gang to steal a jewellery box while he was distracted. It contained his mother’s engagement and wedding rings and his father’s cygnet ring. Mr Goodearl, a retired hydraulic engineer, said: “I felt sorry for her and I did what any gentleman would do and invited her in. We sat down chatting about this and that for a good half an hour... She seemed to cheer up somewhat. While we were talking someone must have walked up the stairs and taken the jewellery box. “There was a beep out the front and she said that was her family coming to get her. There were two men with hoods up in the front of a white van. I didn’t get to see their faces.” In a move suggesting police may fear reprisal attacks on Mr Osborn-Brooks’ home, workmen began erecting thick steel grilles over its windows. Two officers remained on duty at the house after dozens of forensics officers had completed their examination. It also emerged that Mr OsbornBrooks recently paid £900 towards the cost of erecting nine gates to seal off alho leyways between homes on his road previou that had previously been crimina to gain used by criminals proper access to properties. An unnamed cousin of Vincent said yesterday w angry that she was p the pensioner had been baile bailed. She insis insisted that the father of thre was a three “lov “loving person and the son” pen pensioner he foug fought with shou should be kept in custody as police invest investigated fo murder. him for PAUL GROVER FOR THE TELEGRAPH Pensioner walks free over burglar’s death at his home Reviving stop and search will help us tackle violence Commentary By Sara Thornton A long-term strategy to tackle the roots of violent crime is desperately needed – and I hope that’s what we’ll see next week from the Home Office’s serious violence strategy. But when we have children dying on the streets, the police’s first priority needs to be what can be done now to stop this waste of life. That’s exactly what Metropolitan Police Commissioner Cressida Dick is doing. She’s taking sensible, practical steps that should bear results quickly. The police response to rising violence must not just be swift but sure. While it is the murders in London that have horrified the public, the rises in violent crime, knife crime and gun crime are not restricted to the capital. Knife crime has increased by 21 per cent and gun crime by 20 per cent on the previous year across the country. Our officers must know that we back them to use their powers – lawfully and respectfully, but with confidence. There are two particular police powers to search for weapons. Their use has to be part of the police response. Chief constables tell me that their officers have been feeling hesitant about using stop and search. That seems to be reflected in the numbers – with searches under the Police and Criminal Evidence Act falling by nearly three quarters in the last six years from 1.2 million in 2010/11 to just over 300,000 in 2016/17. This is not a power exercised by officers at random but has to be based upon having reasonable grounds for suspecting that a prohibited article is being carried. The reduction in the use of this power has been impacted by fewer officers on patrol and a more intelligence-led approach, but I fear some of it is down to a chill effect where officers feel overly cautious about using a power that has been subject to so much political debate. There is also a power under the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994 which is specifically aimed at gang violence. It allows a senior officer, where acts of violence have or will occur, to designate a specific area for a limited amount of time in which any person can be searched for offensive weapons or dangerous instruments. The use of this power has been discouraged and the statistics are stark. In London alone, the use of this power has fallen from 1,429 instances to 23 between 2011/12 and 2016/17 and nationally the number of stop and searches as a result has fallen from 46,973 to just 617 in the same period. This power may have been used too freely in the past, but the pendulum ‘‘This power may have been used too freely in the past, but the pendulum has now swung too far the other way’ has now swung too far in the opposite direction. We should also avoid the trap of creating a too simple distinction between stop and search targeted at weapons and drugs, and label one use of the power good and one bad. When we know there is a strong connection between drug dealing and the violent crime rises we are seeing, it is legitimate for officers to stop and search for drug possession – even if in itself it is not classed as a “priority crime”. Evidence points to “county lines” gangs and the distribution of drugs as playing an important role in driving up violent crime. This is likely due to more violent dealers as well as the psychoactive impact of drugs like crack cocaine. The research on police legitimacy shows that public confidence and support is significantly affected by the way in which officers use their powers. Police training therefore emphasises the fact that treating those stopped with dignity and respect is essential. The increased use of body worn video by officers on patrol means that many stop and search encounters can now be filmed. This, too, will increase the confidence of the public that powers are being used appropriately. I am not advocating random stop and search, or abusing our powers in headlining-grabbing crackdowns. I am advocating policing that we know works, targeted patrols of hotspots, with our officers certain we are behind them to use their judgment and their powers in the public interest. Stop and search or arrests are not a silver bullet, but they are an important tool in helping to protect the public from violent crime. Policing has an important part to play, and we will play it, but we cannot address the social conditions that lead to violence in the first place. Chief Constable Sara Thornton is chairman of the National Police Chiefs’ Council ** The Daily Telegraph Saturday 7 April 2018 Beware of burglars The quiet corner of Surrey that’s the No 1 target in Britain for housebreakers Britain’s most burgled district is in a quiet corner of Surrey where wealthy residents have been blighted by repeated break-ins. The postcode of GU3, which includes parts of west Guildford, as well as the town of Pirbright and villages such as Fairlands, has overtaken Redbridge in east London as the burglary capital. In Fairlands, a thriving Neighbourhood Watch scheme has been launched to try and tackle the scourge, and a number of residents have even erected CCTV cameras around their homes in the hope of deterring burglars. Sheila Willis, a former Surrey Police officer who runs the Neighbourhood Watch scheme, said: “There was a break-in in Fairlands recently where two burglars smashed in the conservatory door … and it seems they may have been monitoring the family to determine when the property is vacant. “The police were called. The neighbours were very kind and supportive throughout and it’s great to have that community spirit.” One local burglary victim, who did not want to be named, said: “It was a bit ridiculous. “We found two footprints in the garden, and they sent some new officers out. They told us it wasn’t TV and they couldn’t do anything.” Martin Evans Police-recorded burglary and dwelling burglary offences England and Wales (per quarter) Burglary Jul-Sept 2016 – Jul-Sept 2017 +9.3% 100 (000s) +53.7% 80 60 Burglary in a dwelling 40k 2014 2015 2016 2017 SOURCE: ONS Change in domestic burglary offences being investigated Police-record crimes 210,000 SOURCE: ONS +5.78% 200,000 190,000 2015/16 Charge/Summons 13,000 12,000 11,000 2015/16 Investigation complete (no suspect identified) 130,000 2016/17 SOURCE: HOME OFFICE -7.29% 2016/17 SOURCE: HOME OFFICE +3.46% 125,000 120,000 2015/16 2016/17 The police force thinking on its feet and using technology to stay one step ahead of the criminals By Martin Evans CRIME CORRESPONDENT THE police response to burglary is a mixed picture across the country, with some forces performing better than others in terms of driving down the number of offences. Even with shrinking resources, some constabularies have enjoyed success by combining innovative detection techniques, cutting-edge technology and multi-agency initiatives to target repeat offenders. North Wales Police has seen burglary offences drop significantly over the past five years, going down from 4,617 in 2013 to 3,716 last year, according to UKCrimeStats.com Detective Inspector Brian Kearney, of North Wales Police, said the force had worked hard to spot where burglaries were likely to take place and then concentrate its resources in those areas. He said: “We can see trends appearing quite quickly. We have had a number of cases of gangs burgling houses in order to steal keys for highpowered cars. “We use predictive analysis software and once we see a pattern emerging we will set up an operation.” Last year, North Wales Police carried out Operation Vacuous in Wrexham to target youths breaking into houses to steal and joyride luxury vehicles. More than 20 offenders were eventually caught, charged and convicted of a string of burglary offences. DI Kearney also said that the force strived to prevent burglaries happening at all. He said: “We have done a significant amount of work to identify areas where there are repeat offences. We offer ‘Get your prevention tactics right and you stop people becoming victims in the first place’ crime prevention advice to students, who are often targeted.” The force worked with other agencies, such as the National Probation Service and the Integrated Offender Management team, to ensure prolific offenders not just released from prison and left to burgle again, he said. “It is far more important to get your prevention tactics right because that way you stop people becoming victims in the first place.” Technology is also helping in the fight against burglary with predictive mapping applications – which use crime data – able to locate accurately areas and even times when burglars are likely to strike next. Police forces are also increasingly working with planners, property developers and local councils to ensure that newly built houses are fitted with the latest home security devices. How social media is used to fan flames of gang culture among London’s teenagers Private pages with tens of thousands of followers spread messages of humiliation and retaliation By Helena Horton A VIOLENT new music genre and the trend of filming gang fights in fried chicken shops are contributing to a wave of maiming and murder among teenagers, fuelled by rumour, gossip and threats on social media. On the Instagram pages which keep gangland-culture youths up to date with all the latest gossip, photographs of notorious local “celebrities” brandishing their weapons and money are juxtaposed with jokes about teachers at school. These private pages have tens of thousands of followers, and warn “no soft guys”, promising explicit content. Social media, including Instagram, the photograph sharing website, as well as videos on YouTube and messages on Snapchat, the mobile phone app, appears to fan the flames of the violent gang culture, involving children who are barely in their teens. After the death of 17-year-old Tanesha Melbourne in Tottenham, north London, on Easter Monday, locals pointed to a much-shared video of a man being “jumped” in a Tinseltown milkshake bar by a group of youths, and speculated that this social media humiliation had provoked retaliation. Members of the notorious Northumberland Park Gang took credit for Tanesha’s death in an Instagram post, suggesting she was caught in gang crossfire, writing: “If your chillin with my ops I ain’t gonna adjust my aim for you.” The post continued: “We got him down in Tinseltown & his girl down by Chalgrove.” This bragging is not uncommon. Secret Snapchat pages which people can only view if they are accepted as a friend show violent pictures, news and views from inside London’s gangs. Some posts from the site are then saved and shared on Instagram pages, where many are desperate to show off to their peers what they know. The local authorities in Tottenham, where Tanesha was killed, made it clear that Snapchat and videos are hugely significant in stoking up turf wars, in singling out victims and in turning small squabbles into large, violent incidents. Last year, the killer of Quamari Serunkuma-Barnes became enraged after being repeatedly called a “wasteman” – waste of space – online. He described being driven into a frenzy by the insults, which caused him to pack a knife. Mocking language on social media is common between rival gangs, and from the engrossed young audience watching the violence play out. “Drill” music, a hugely popular genre for which its stars accrue millions of views on YouTube, is another way teenagers try to become influential on social media. The genre was born in gangland Chicago, but has been exported to housing estates in London. The lyrics are dark, nihilistic and violent, and include threats to rival gangs. Listening to the music can keep young people in the know about who has threatened who, and the words of the rap songs are mired in local gossip. Violence is easy to find in the words. The popular 1011 group raps about stabbing rivals. One lyric goes: “Blood on my shank [knife], man keep it, clean it, use hot water and bleach it.” Sometimes, the message is hidden. MizOrMac, from the Harlem Spartans of Kennington, south London, raps: Road rage killer’s day trip from open prison KENNETH NOYE, one of Britain’s most notorious gangsters, tasted freedom for the first time in 20 years yesterday after being taken to hospital by his girlfriend without any prison supervision. Noye was pictured leaving Standford Hill open prison on the Isle of Sheppey in Kent at just after 9am yesterday. He was collected by his partner in a 4x4 and driven to a local NHS hospital for a minor procedure before being taken back to jail. The Ministry of Justice confirmed the scheduled visit was unsupervised and that Noye did not wear an electronic tag. Noye, now aged 70, was convicted in April 2000 and ordered to serve a minimum 16 years for stabbing to death Stephen Cameron in a roadrage attack on the M25 in Kent in 1996. At the time he committed the murder, Noye was out on licence after serving eight years in prison for his part in the £26 million Brink’s-Mat gold bullion robbery at Heathrow. He had previously been acquitted in 1985 of the murder of John Fordham, an undercover detective who was part of a team investigating the heist. Noye stabbed Fordham to death in the grounds of his home, but claimed he thought he was an intruder. Last summer, the Parole Board recommended Noye’s transfer to an open prison, paving the way for his unsupervised hospital visit yesterday. Stephen Cameron was stabbed to death by Kenneth Noye in a road rage incident on the M25 in Kent in 1996 After murdering Cameron in a road rage incident on an M25 interchange in Kent, Noye went on the run but was caught in Spain after Danielle Cable, Cameron’s girlfriend, was flown out by police and identified him. Ken Cameron, the victim’s father, spoke last year of his disgust that Noye was recommended for open prison. “I am totally gutted. It’s devastating,” he said, “I have only wanted justice for Stephen. And I do not think that man Gang members brag about violence on Instagram, Snapchat and YouTube ‘If your chillin with my ops I ain’t gonna adjust my aim for you … We got him down in Tinseltown & his girl down by Chalgrove’ “From caterpillars to butterflies, our drillers, still out swimming, out here fishing, surviving the rivers, you drown you ain’t with it.” To “fish” is to look for rivals to stab, while the other lyrics are an allusion to victims drowning in rivers of blood. MizOrMac, real-name Mucktar Khan, was sentenced to six years in prison earlier this year after being caught in possession of a loaded gun and a sword. Videos show the music stars invading their rivals’ favoured chicken shops and urinating on their street signs. The gang gossip social media pages are inextricably linked with the “drill” scene. They allow followers to submit short videos of themselves performing drill music, and post it online, for thousands of people to see. The instant nature of the uploads and the intense lyrics breed fierce rivalries between groups from different London postcodes. These rivalries can sometimes lead to deaths. One drill rapper “Showkey”, real-name Leoandro Osemeke, was 16 when he was stabbed to death at a house party in Peckham which spiralled out of control after “going viral” on social media. Some linked his death to the fact he was due to be a witness in the trial of three other teenagers who were later convicted of stabbing his friend, Myron Yarde, aka Mdot, another aspiring rapper, four months before. A Snapchat post, which friends say was from the young rapper shortly before he was killed, read: “If I die, I’m going to be a f------ legend.” Those who want to realise their dream of becoming a drill rap star appear to feel they have to become involved with these tight-knit and often violent groups, and be in the know about local tensions, to stand a chance in the harsh world of social media. To achieve online fame, young people post pictures of their weapons on Instagram, where “banter” about messy bedrooms in the background of the shot is mixed with dark threats. The private and self-destructing nature of Snapchat posts means the more worrying messages can be easily hidden from the prying eyes of adults. ‘Not tackling break-ins is like conceding defeat to burglars’ KENT POLICE By Robert Mendick and Wil Crisp 5 Kenneth Noye pictured in custody at Dartford Police Station on May 20 1999 deserves to be on the streets. He should die in prison, and I hope he does.” Yesterday Mr Cameron was too upset to comment. A Ministry of Justice spokesman said: “Prisoners in open conditions are occasionally permitted a short period of unescorted leave for medical appointments, subject to stringent risk assessments.” Continued from Page 1 crime number,” she told The Daily Telegraph in a recent interview. The current approach is also deeply unpopular with many officers, who say not tackling burglary properly feels like conceding defeat to the criminals. Simon Kempton from the Police Federation, which represents rank and file officers, said catching burglars was one of the main reasons many officers joined the force. He said: “Burglary is such an insidious crime which has a huge psychological impact on the victim. Invariably they feel like they have been violated and often no longer feel safe at home. “The impact on victims is massive, particularly if the person is vulnerable, and we should be doing everything possible to bring burglars to justice. “Catching burglars is why I joined the police force and I still remember 17-and-a-half years ago nicking my first burglar. I felt like I had scored the winning goal in the Cup Final. “As police officers we want to go out to everyone who has been burgled, particularly because we want to help people, but also because we love nicking burglars, but there is simply not enough of us. It is soul destroying as a police officer to feel as if you are letting people down. Burglary victims often end up getting dealt with over the phone, but if someone wants to see a police officer they should be able to see one, they pay for us after all. It raises fundamental questions about what we want from the police service.” Even senior officers have expressed private frustration, with one detective chief inspector telling The Telegraph: “If the police are not turning up to burglaries then what exactly are we here for?” A recent report by Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Constabulary and Fire and Rescue Services (HMICFRS) found that even where officers did attend burglaries they were arriving so late that they were missing crucial investigative opportunities. But in many cases victims were simply put through to a call handler who took their details and supplied them with a crime number. Zoe Billingham, of the HMICFRS, said: “Burglary is a totemic type of crime that is against a person rather than the property. “It is a crime that causes immense psychological harm and chief officers need to think long and hard about not sending an officer out.” 6 ** Saturday 7 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph News Skripal off the critical list as ‘pawn’ niece is barred from UK By Jack Maidment Political corresPondent SERGEI SKRIPAL is no longer in a critical condition, his doctors announced yesterday, as his niece was denied a visa to visit the UK amid concerns she was being used as a Kremlin “pawn”. Col Skripal has been in hospital since March 4 after he was exposed to the nerve agent Novichok, but Salisbury District Hospital said the 66-year-old was “improving rapidly”. His recovery will raise hopes that he could give investigators vital clues about how and why he and Yulia, his daughter, were targeted. It came as Col Skripal’s niece, Viktoria, was denied the right to visit her relatives in hospital after the Home Office refused her visa application on the grounds that it “did not comply with the immigration rules”. But Miss Skripal reportedly told Sky News that “the British must have something to hide”. Meanwhile, it emerged Col Skripal’s cat was put down and his two guinea pigs died after the former double agent’s house was cordoned off in the wake of the poisoning. The black Persian cat, called Nash Van Drake, was reportedly taken to the Porton Down military laboratory, but was so malnourished that the decision was taken to euthanise it. The two guinea pigs were found dead and all three animals were reportedly incinerated. A spokesman for the Defence Science and Technology Labora- tory at Porton Down confirmed the animals were not tested to see if they were contaminated. The spokesman said it was an “operational decision”. But Moscow questioned why the bodies of the pets were destroyed because they could have provided investigators with a “crucial piece of evidence”. Doctors in Salisbury yesterday announced Col Skripal’s condition had improved significantly. Dr Christine Blanshard, medical director at the hospital, said: “He is responding well to treatment, improving rapidly and is no longer in a critical condition.” The hospital announced last Thursday that Yulia’s condition had improved to stable. The Foreign Office said the pair’s recovery was a “tribute to the hardworking and talented NHS staff in Salisbury”. The Russian embassy in the UK described the development as “good news”. Scotland Yard said Col Skripal and his daughter first came into contact with the nerve agent at his home, with the highest concentration of the substance found on the front door. The improving condition of Col Skripal and his daughter is likely to prompt questions about how the pair survived. Dan Kaszeta, a security and chemical defence consultant, said: “Nerve agents only really work quickly when they are inhaled” while the effectiveness of the material could have been mitigated by “human factors” such as washing hands or rainfall. Putin ‘crony’ accused of racketeering Mr Deripaska, second from right, and Peter Mandelson, the former Labour minister, right, were among a group who visited Siberia Continued from Page 1 parliamentary questions about the reasons why Mr Deripaska slipped through the net. There have been repeated concerns raised about the activities of President Putin’s closest cronies in the UK.” Lord Barker of Battle, the former Tory energy and climate change minister, sits on the board of EN+ as an independent director. The company had not been suspended from the LSE last night, despite the US sanctions. An FCA spokesman said American actions were being reviewed. The US Treasury said: “Deripaska has been investigated for money laundering, and has been accused of threatening the lives of business rivals, illegally wiretapping a government official, and taking part in extortion and racketeering. There are also allegations that Deripaska bribed a government official, ordered the murder of a businessman, and had links to a Russian organised crime group.” Other companies allegedly linked to Mr Deripaska were targeted – B-Finance Ltd, Basic Element Limited, EuroSibEnergo, Russian Machines, GAZ Group and Agroholding Kuban. EN+ did not respond to a request for comment about the business and Mr Deripaska himself. Mr Deripaska has previously denied any wrongdoing. Basic Element said in a statement: “The company regrets this development and is currently analysing the situation with its legal advisors.” Number 10 and the Treasury referred questions about the EN+ flotation to the FCA. An FCA spokesman said of EN+: “The prospective listing was reported in the public domain in April 2017. “We consulted with the relevant authorities according to the usual protocols. Having done so, there were no grounds for the application to be refused.” The oligarch’s oligarch forever at centre of intrigue while denying any dirty dealings Profile By Roland Oliphant senior Foreign corresPondent H e is the oligarch’s oligarch: a self-made man who used ingenuity, hard work and doggedness to climb from obscurity to become a billionaire with unrivalled political connections. Oleg Deripaska first hit the headlines in Britain in 2008 when it was revealed he had held controversial undisclosed meetings with both George Osborne, then shadow chancellor, and Peter Mandelson, the New Labour grandee, with a wellpublicised meeting on his yacht causing a backlash for both politicians. Now it is his relationship with Vladimir Putin that is under scrutiny. Born in 1968 in a region west of Moscow, and raised mostly by his grandparents on a farm near southern Russia’s Black Sea coast, he discovered a talent for maths at an early age and went on to study physics in Moscow. When the Soviet Union collapsed and academic funding suddenly vanished, he threw himself into the metal trading business. At 25, he acquired control of a Siberian aluminium plant that would form the basis of the business empire now known as Basic Element, a canny, but dangerous investment. He soon found himself embroiled in the “aluminium wars” – a struggle for control of lucrative former Soviet metals assets in which 100 people are believed to have been killed. He survived and became one of the country’s richest men. Today, he is worth $6.7 billion (£4.75 billion). Mr Deripaska has denied doing anything illegal himself during that tumultuous decade. But rumours have dogged him ever since. In 2006, his US visa was cancelled over apparent FBI concern about links to organised crime (that he denies). Spanish police once interrogated him over money-laundering allegations. He was never charged. Michael Cherny, a former business associate, said in court papers in 2012 that Mr Deripaska was part of an organised crime group. Mr Cherny, suing Mr Deripaska for $1 billion at the time, referred to claims the oligarch had ordered the murder of a rival Oleg Deripaska owns the typical symbol of an oligarch, a mega-yacht, here moored in Antibes. The 238ft-long vessel, named the Queen K, was custom-built in 2004 and is one of the most luxurious yachts in the world businessman in 1995, bribed a regional governor to help a business takeover, and employed former Russian secret servicemen to gather intelligence. Mr Deripaska denied the allegation and accused Mr Cherny of extorting protection money from him. The case was settled out of court. Some put his success down to his impeccable political contacts. Polina Yumasheva, his wife, is a daughter of Boris Yeltsin’s stepdaughter. And while his relationship with Vladimir Putin has been strained in the past, he has also been described as one of the businessmen the Russian president trusts most. Last year, it was reported that he had hired Paul Manafort, the former Donald Trump campaign manager, at a fee of $10 million a year to promote Russian business and political interests in the US and Europe during the mid-2000s. Mr Deripaska sued AP for defamation, but later dropped the case. The US treasury announced sanctions against Mr Deripaska accused him of “acting ...on behalf of a senior figure in the Russian government”. In 2008, it became known that Mr Mandelson, then European Commissioner for trade and in charge of aluminium tariffs, and George Osborne, then shadow chancellor, had dinner with him in Corfu. It was alleged Mr Mandelson had cut EU aluminium tariffs in ways that benefited Mr Deripaska’s company and that Mr Osborne used the occasion to solicit a donation to the Conservative party. Mr Deripaska denied any wrong doing. Last month, it emerged Global Counsel, Lord Mandelson’s advisory group, won a contract to advise Mr Deripaska’s EN+ on climate change policy. Mr Deripaska was last at the centre of another influence peddling scandal in February, when he was caught cruising the Norwegian fjords with Sergei Prihodko, a Russian deputy prime minister, and Nastya Rybka, an escort (or “sex coach”). The story took an even more bizarre twist when Ms Rybka and Aleks Lesli, her “manager”, fled to Thailand, were arrested, and claimed from prison to be in possession of explosive evidence regarding Russian meddling in the 2016 US election. That evidence has yet to emerge. ** The Daily Telegraph Saturday 7 April 2018 7 News Playground tree faces axe over fears that ‘falling chestnuts’ could injure children By Daily Telegraph Reporter A PLAYGROUND tree may be cut down by a school over fears that “falling chestnuts” could injure children. St John’s Primary School in Knaphill, Surrey, said it had been forced to close areas of the recreation space regularly for more than an hour in the autumn “to ensure the health and safety of the children” by sweeping away chestnuts. Sarah May, the school’s head teacher, also complained about “very slippery” fallen leaves that had caused injury to a member of staff. She added that the school has “a large number of trees on site” but that the sweet chestnut’s positive impact had been outweighed by “the negative impact it has on the learning experiences of the children”. She said the tree limited the range of activities the school can offer to children and said that pupils could not use bikes and trikes in the area because of Churchill’s dream of rearing lost butterfly may finally take wing WINSTON CHURCHILL’S attempt to resurrect a butterfly extinct in the UK in the grounds of his estate was, it is widely agreed, a disaster. The project, to which the former prime minister dedicated a significant amount of time and energy, was rolled out with military precision. While his fellow MPs were immersed by the threat of war, Churchill was also absorbed with his grand plan to release hundreds of black-veined whites into the gardens of Chartwell in Kent. Imported caterpillars stuffed in muslin bags were eventually tied to his hawthorn hedge, but the project ended in farce when his gardener misunderstood the instruction to open the bags, instead of which he removed them from the bushes and burnt the lot. Churchill would no doubt be heartened to know that, more than 70 years later, plans are in place to follow in his footsteps, albeit in a rather more conventional manner. Butterfly Conservation has revealed that a changing climate means conditions may be suitable again for the return of the black-veined white, which became extinct in the UK in the midTwenties, due to changes in land use and a few years of bad autumn weather. It is conducting research to determine whether their reintroduction may be possible. The first phase has produced promising results – two recent studies in parts of northern France that have a similar climate to southern England found it would be easy to recreate the habitat the butterflies need by creating field margins rich in wildflowers and patches of scrub. The species needs warm weather in late May and early June, with tempera- ‘The blackveined white is one of the most spectacular species. We are looking at its habitat requirements and I think, so far, it looks promising’ The butterfly so beloved of Churchill, taken by nature photographer Igor Siwanowicz at his studio in Munich tures of 66F (19C) required for the adults to become really active. Prof Tom Brereton, associate director of monitoring at Butterfly Conservation, told The Daily Telegraph: “The black-veined white is one of the most spectacular species. We are looking at its habitat requirements and I think, so far, it certainly looks promising. The main concern is the extremes in climate that we increasingly get now, and that will form the focus of further research, as well as extensive data analysis on butterfly emergence across Europe. “A prolonged cold spell in spring could cause problems as the species only flies as an adult for three weeks.” He said that any potential reintroduction was years away due to the amount of research still required. Churchill’s interest in butterflies was piqued at a young age. When he was 12, he wrote to his mother: “I am never at a loss to do anything while I am in the country for I shall be occupied with ‘butterflying’ all day (as I was last year).” Matthew Oates, nature conservation adviser at the National Trust, previously suggested that Churchill likely enjoyed the romantic idea of butterflies flitting around his grounds during his famous garden parties. He told The Guardian in 2010 that the politician and Hugh Newman, a local butterfly expert who advised him, “got a little carried away” with their plan to reintroduce the black-veined white. At the end of the Second World War, Mr Newman converted the larder at Chartwell into a butterfly house. Churchill would sit on the benches and watch the butterflies emerge from the chrysalis before releasing them. Editorial Comment: Page 17 generations before and for generations after, this tree has and will provide a valuable educational resource.” Louise Morales, from the council’s planning committee, added: “I’ve googled, I’ve searched, I have not found a single child who has been actually killed by a falling chestnut from a tree – it doesn’t happen.” However, councillors voted down the TPO. Ms May said: “The plan is to remove the tree, so that we can enhance the nursery provision for our children.” The sweet chestnut – Castanea sativa – produces catkins in the summer, followed by edible nuts in the autumn. Stilton’s whiff of status brings surge in global demand By Katie Morley CONSUMER AFFAIRS EDITOR CHEESE exports are booming thanks to a growing demand for traditional British varieties in the US and Japan. Producers are rapidly expanding to cope with the increased demand as cheeses such as Stilton and red Leicester are increasingly being regarded as a status symbol abroad. Cheese producers now send around a third of their product abroad, with January seeing a 23 per cent increase in exports compared with January 2017, data from Dairy UK shows. A £25 million expansion is under Sales of Stilton are booming, as firms making traditional cheeses enjoy a 23 per cent increase in exports IGOR SIWANOWICZ/BARCROFT MEDIA By Victoria Ward its size. Woking Borough Council put in place a tree preservation order (TPO) in October to protect the 100-year-old, 36ft sweet chestnut after learning that the school wished to remove it. A tree officer said: “The concerns can be resolved by establishing an appropriate cleaning regime. For way at one historic dairy in Leicestershire to meet surging overseas demand. Long Clawson Dairy makes Stilton and other cheeses, and sends around 20 per cent of its output to 40 countries, including the US, Canada, China and Australia. Michael Oakes, the NFU’s dairy board chairman, said: “There is a growing trend for cheeseboards within fine dining experiences, particularly in the US and Japan. A cheese course is typically enjoyed with wine and is very much a luxury experience involving high-quality, strong-tasting cheeses. Diners very much want to see the traditional cheese names like Stilton and red Leicester, and they want to see the Union Jack and red tractor logos. “It’s a similar effect as Belgian or Swiss chocolate over here, it has that air of luxury, it is a status symbol.” 8 *** Saturday 7 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph News 8,000 GPs are warned they are over-prescribing antibiotics MORE than 8,000 GPs have been warned they may be contributing to the rise of drug-resistant superbugs by prescribing too many antibiotics. Dame Sally Davies, the Chief Medical Officer, who has previously warned of a “post-antibiotic apocalypse”, has targeted family doctors in surgeries with the highest prescribing rates and those where use of the drugs is rising quickly. In a letter to GPs, she described antimicrobial resistance, where antibiotics no longer work for some serious infections, as a “serious and growing threat to our health and economy”. The number contacted in 2016-17 marks a 40 per cent increase compared with a similar exercise the previous year, as the Government attempts to tackle antimicrobial resistance, which is believed to cause 5,000 deaths in England each year. GPs have made some progress in reducing their use of the drugs in recent years. However, last night medical leaders said a “toxic” climate of litigation was preventing them going any further. More than 6,000 GPs, working in 1,414 surgeries, received a letter informing them their practice is in the top 20 per cent in the country for prescribing antibiotics, even if their rates have reduced. Meanwhile, a further 2,298 doctors in practices where antibiotic use has risen by 4 per cent or more have received a warning. Public Health England said it hoped the letters “will respectfully support GPs to improve their antibiotic stewardship”, adding the exercise would contribute to a “significant reduction” in the population risk of antimicrobial resistance. Dr Andrew Green, of the British 5,000 The number of deaths believed to be caused by antimicrobial resistance in England each year Medical Association, told the Pulse website: “It is important to realise that there may be very good reasons why practices have the prescribing rates that they do, but it is nevertheless important that practices are aware of any differences that exist. However, Dr Zishan Syed, who represents GPs in west Kent, said: “GPs work in a toxic litigious climate. If a patient develops serious complications, it is almost certain that an expert witness will happily blame a GP in their report for not prescribing antibiotics which could potentially end that GP’s career.” RHS/LUKE MACGREGOR By Henry Bodkin Ban children under 12 from buying fizzy drinks, says dental charity Orchid moment A visitor to the RHS London Orchid Show, south-west London, admires the rare blooms on display. The show, at Lindley Hall and Lawrence Hall, closes today. u Fizzy drinks should be agerestricted in order to tackle rising childhood obesity and tooth decay, a leading dentists’ charity has said. The Dental Wellness Trust (DWT), a British NGO that fights poor dental hygiene in the developing world, is calling for a ban on children under the age of six consuming high-sugar drinks, and rules preventing them being sold to children under 12. The charity told The Daily Telegraph that, while it applauded the Government’s long-awaited “sugar tax”, which came into force yesterday, further “bold and brave” policies were needed to improve the health of British children, one in five of whom now leaves primary school obese. The Soft Drinks Industry Levy imposes a tax of 18p per litre on soft drinks containing 5g to 7g of sugar per 100ml, and a 24p per litre for more than 8g per 100ml. Milkshakes are exempt, but this week George Osborne, the former chancellor, who announced the tax in 2016, backed extending the measure to sugary milk-based products. Mr Osborne said he “suspects” the Treasury will extend the tax, which he described as one of his proudest achievements in government. Dr Linda Greenwall, the founder of the trust, said: “The DWT believes now is the time for a bold and brave evidence-based health policy that directly tackles one of the biggest challenges to child health that our generation has seen. “An age restriction and ban would have a fast and effective impact on the consumption of these drinks, ultimately helping to improve the health of our children, not to mention relieve strain on our health service.” Matt Kilcoyne, page 16 Church ‘snobbery’ let off abuse priest Pupils learn empathy from baby visits Holiday booking fraud rises by a quarter u A paedophile priest was exonerated by the Church of England because he used to work at a private school, a bishop has argued. Roy Cotton, who died in 2006 and was never prosecuted, conspired with Ifor Whittaker, a fellow priest formerly known as Colin Pritchard, to abuse a boy in the Eighties and Nineties. His case was one of those examined by the Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse, which heard evidence about abuse in the diocese of Chichester last month. The current uBabies are being brought into classrooms to stop bullying and improve pupil behaviour. A series of primary schools in Northampton are taking part in the Roots of Empathy programme, a Canadian study that started in 2000. In the project, overseen by the University of Northampton, parents bring newborn children to schools at various points during the academic year to help children develop empathy skills. “Research has shown that children who have the programme know uHolidaymakers have been warned to be wary of Airbnb-style fraud as the amount of money stolen in holiday booking scams rose by a quarter last year. New data released yesterday showed that victims of scams lost an average of £1,500 in 2017. There were 4,700 reported cases in the UK, involving a total of £6.7 million, up from around £5 million in 2016. Fraudsters are tricking people booking holidays by setting up bogus accommodation websites, hacking Bishop of Chichester, the Rt Rev Martin Warner, said Cotton was a “highly manipulative offender” who had been allowed to continue his abuse because of Church snobbery. “Factors emerge at an early stage that might account for why no effective disciplinary action was taken against him,” Dr Warner wrote in the Church Times. “First, academic snobbery: Cotton was an Oxbridge graduate. Second, social snobbery: he worked in an independent preparatory school before ordination.” more about emotions and feelings, are kinder to their friends, are less aggressive and bully other children less than those who do not participate in the programme,” according to the organisers. Dr Eunice Lumsden, the head of early years at the University of Northampton, said: “Through the baby’s development, the children learn to identify and reflect on their own feelings as well as the feelings of others. “This in turn helps pupils to become more socially and emotionally aware.” into legitimate accounts and posting fake ads on sites like Airbnb. The most common scams relate to airline tickets and accommodation bookings. There was a spike in cases during the summer and in December, leading experts to believe fraudsters were targeting peak holiday periods when it is often harder to find a bargain. Sporting and religious trips were a popular target, the Association of British Travel Agents and the City of London Police said. ** The Daily Telegraph Saturday 7 April 2018 9 News Hollywood’s £117,500 Bake Off pay for charity episodes PAUL HOLLYWOOD was paid more than £100,000 to appear on charity episodes of The Great British Bake Off, it has emerged. Celebrity contestants who appeared on the Stand Up To Cancer specials did not receive a penny as their fees were donated to the charity. But presenters and judges Hollywood, Prue Leith, Noel Fielding and Sandi Toksvig all pocketed cheques from the five special shows. Channel 4 confirmed that while the contestants donated their entire fee to the campaign, the celebrities already under contract on the long-running show contributed only an undisclosed portion but declined to say what percentage. A source at the broadcaster told The Sun: “It was up to them to decide what to donate. The show involved a big time commitment for filming several episodes and doing voice-overs. “Celebrity contestants who took part, like Alan Carr and Harry Hill, weren’t paid at all. Bake Off judge Paul Hollywood Their fees went straight to the charity.” Hollywood, 52, is reportedly paid up to £23,500 per episode, meaning he received a total of £117,500 for the shows, which concluded this week. During the final episode, Carr, 41, who was ridiculed for making a snappable sponge, said: “At the end of the day it doesn’t matter if your cakes taste delicious or they’re rubbish, we’re all doing it for Stand Up To Cancer. And 100 per cent of that money goes to charity. What’s not to love.” A Channel 4 spokesman said: “Our aim is to raise as much as possible for Stand Up To Cancer and all contributors donate their fee to the campaign. Those already contracted for long-running series also make a significant donation.” A representative for Hollywood could not be contacted for comment. Last year, it was claimed that Prue Leith was paid £200,000 a series, which was up to three times more than Mary Berry, a former judge, earned, which was said to be £70,000. ‘Study tubers’ blamed for exam hysteria By Camilla Turner EDUCATION EDITOR THE rise of “study tubers” is whipping up hysteria among children, it is feared. These increasingly popular YouTube videos show teenagers studying for hours, while sharing tips and advice about how to revise. Youtuber Ruby Granger’s channel has amounted 13 million views, and among her videos are speeded-up clips of herself revising for her A-levels in English, philosophy and chemistry for 14 and 15 hours a day. Meanwhile, Jade Bowler’s YouTube channel called Unjaded Jade has had 10.3 million views – one of her posts shows her crying as she tells how she was rejected by Oxford University – and Eve Bennett from Revision With Eve had 12.6 million views. Chris McGovern, chairman of the Campaign for Real Education, said that “study tubers” can offer social support and reassurance for students who may otherwise feel isolated while revising. But he added that as there was “rising panic” among teenagers about exams, YouTube vloggers could “create a sense of hysteria, a collective hysteria”. Geoff Barton, general secretary of the Association of School and College Leaders, said that youngsters should be congratulated for “being innovative and using technology for something constructive”. But he added that they must be “protected” from “setting themselves unattainable goals” after watching “study tubers”. TV abuse shows ‘must broadcast helplines’ By Olivia Rudgard, SOCIAL AFFAIRS CORRESPONDENT REALITY TV shows featuring abusive relationships must carry support information, say Women’s Aid. The domestic abuse charity said storylines in shows such as The Only Way is Essex which involve controlling men should be accompanied by helpline numbers and information for victims. One character in the show, Myles, called his girlfriend a “f------ slag” for talking to another man on a night out. Sian Hawkins of Women’s Aid said: “We would want any woman watching that show who sees similarities in her own relationship to be able to know where to go for help.” A spokesman for the show said it included “criticism” between cast members, as well as “reflection and apologies from those involved”. VIRGIN GALACTIC By Victoria Ward Rehab charity boss hit biker while on drugs All aboard Britain is back in the commercial tourism space race after Virgin Galactic’s first flight since a fatal crash in 2014. On Thursday, the Unity spacecraft took off with two crew from the Mojave Air and Space port, lifted by the jetpowered mothership Eve. It then powered up for 30 seconds before landing. THE former chief executive of a drug rehabilitation charity hit a motorcyclist while high on cocaine, a court was told. Stephen Cooke, 57, who ran the Nelson Trust in Gloucestershire for 16 years until he left in 2013, has been jailed for two years after pleading guilty to driving dangerously. Gloucester Crown Court heard that Cooke “slammed” his car into Matthew Pierce during a reckless overtaking manoeuvre round a bend on the A46 in the Tetbury area of Gloucestershire on June 23 last year. Mr Pierce suffered fractures to his tibia and fibula and knee, and broke “many bones” in his foot. Police accident investigators found that Cooke was driving at a minimum of 72 mph. Mark Hollier, prosecuting, said officers described Cooke as “excited and buzzing” when they arrived at the scene. He was found to have 146mg of benzoylecgonine, a metabolite of cocaine, in his system. Sentencing, Judge Ian Lawrie QC said: “He is a man with many plus points in terms of work in the past, his charitable work and helping others with drug problems.” However, the judge added, “he would be more aware than most of the dangers of drugs and driving”. 10 *** Saturday 7 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph *** The Daily Telegraph Saturday 7 April 2018 11 News Bob Mackenzie, below, and on the ground, with his driver, after the incident in 2016 right. Catherine Dodkin at the scene of the incident near her home, left Police investigated Bob Mackenzie in 2016 over claims he punched a woman in street row By Robert Mendick Chief RepoRteR THE AA chairman sacked for assaulting a colleague was investigated by police for punching a woman in the face less than a year before, The Daily Telegraph can disclose. Bob Mackenzie, who is suing the AA for £220 million, is alleged to have struck his female victim in the face, splitting her lip, before pushing her against a wall and causing her head to split open. Mr Mackenzie broke his leg during the incident but did not tell the AA, claiming he had tripped on the pavement. In fact, he had been knocked over by the woman’s boyfriend as he tried to protect her. Catherine Dodkin, 40, the alleged victim, told The Daily Telegraph: “He [Mackenzie] was inches from my face, shouting at me. His body language was so aggressive. And then he punched me. He smacked me in the face. That is when my lip split.” Miss Dodkin alleges that she was floored by the punch but got back up, only for Mr Mackenzie to shove her into a brick wall. Her head hit a corner and split open, leaving blood pouring from the wound. Mr Mackenzie, 65, denied he had punched Miss Dodkin, but accepted he had shoved her – but only in self-defence and to protect his wife, Jane, who was with him. The father of five has maintained his attack on the AA’s head of insurance Mike Lloyd, during an away day at a hotel, was out of character. He blamed the incident on stress and exhaustion brought on by the job, as well as mixing prescription drugs with alcohol. The fracas in Bermondsey, southeast London, took place in September 2016, 10 months before his attack on Mr Lloyd at PAUL GROVER; JULIAN SIMMONDS FOR THE TELEGRAPH Sacked AA boss ‘hit me in the face and cut my lip’ the five-star Pennyhill Park Hotel in Surrey. He was sacked from his £1.2 million-a-year job and stripped of a payout in share options worth as much as £68 million because he was a “bad leaver”. He is suing the AA for £220 million in a case that is destined for the High Court. The AA is expected to countersue and demand repayment of £1.2 million in bonuses paid to Mr Mackenzie owing to gross misconduct, including the assault on Mr Lloyd and the fracas involving Miss Dodkin. Miss Dodkin has offered to testify on behalf of the AA, giving her version of the events that led to her and Mr Mackenzie requiring hospital treatment, Police watchdog to probe missing teen case By Daily Telegraph Reporter THE police inquiry into the disappearance of teenager Gaia Pope is to be investigated by the police watchdog. The 19-year-old, who suffered from epilepsy, went missing in Swanage, Dorset on Nov 7 last year. Her body was found 11 days later on a clifftop after an extensive search by Dorset Police. Her family had raised concerns that a man who had allegedly sexually assaulted her when she was 17, was soon to be eligible for release from prison. Marienna Pope-Weidemann, Miss Pope’s cousin, said: “We have to ask the tough questions: why did it take 11 days to find her? Could she have been saved? Could proper support from mental health and social services have stopped this whole tragedy before it started?” A spokesman for Inquest, the state- related deaths charity, said: “The Independent Office for Police Conduct (IOPC) [yesterday] announced their investigation into the actions of Dorset Police following the disappearance of Gaia Pope … In addition to concerns about the conduct of the police, the family have questions about whether a lack of support from underfunded mental health and social services contributed to Gaia’s death.” ‘In his eyes, I attacked him. He claims he was defending his wife, but I didn’t go anywhere near her’ and a police investigation that was eventually dropped when neither side wanted to press charges. Miss Dodkin, who runs a property management business in Mayfair, central London, had been out for the evening with a friend. She admits she had drunk about three quarters of a bottle of prosecco over the course of four hours. Miss Dodkin was standing on the pavement outside her house when she claims a Jaguar sped past, coming close to her in the process, before turning a corner. She says she regrets what she did next – she chased after the car, which had come to a halt just beyond the tight bend – to remonstrate. “It was about 11.30pm and where I live there is a section of road that is very narrow,” she recalled, “My boyfriend had just dropped me off. Then this car went past. I thought it was going too fast and I was concerned because I have seen people nearly taken out by delivery vans. “I went to speak to the driver and knocked on the window and said: ‘Crikey! You were going very, very Brothers drowned after argument over fishing By Daily Telegraph Reporter A PAIR of brothers were drowned by a freak wave while arguing over a fish that got away, an inquest has heard. Dr Robert Allen, 30, and Charles Allen, 21, died after the incident near Treyarnon Cove in north Cornwall last September. The siblings, who were on a family holiday, were fishing from rocks with their brother-in-law Andrew Thornton. Giving evidence at Cornwall Coroner’s Court yesterday, Mr Thornton, a joiner, said: “Rob said he had a fish on. To make sure it didn’t get off the line we all climbed down. “Rob blamed Charles because he took too long getting the net down so he was ranting and raving about that. Then the wave came and it hit Rob and Airlines told to throw out plastic cutlery Six-ton whale killed by 64lb of plastic rubbish in its body By Jack Maidment politiCal CoRRespondent By Hannah Strange in Barcelona A SPERM whale found dead on the coast of Murcia in southern Spain was killed by gastric shock caused by ingesting 64lb (29kg) of plastic waste. The stomach and intestines of the young male were found to contain rubbish including plastic bags, raffia sacks, pieces of nets and ropes and a jerry can, marine experts said following a post mortem examination. The whale, almost 33ft in length and weighing more than six tons, was found dead on a beach in Cabo de Palos at the end of February. The cause of its death prompted Murcia’s regional government to launch a campaign against plastic waste in the ocean. Consuelo Rosauro, the Murcian director-general for the natural environment, said: “Many animals get trapped in the rubbish or ingest great quantities of plastic which end up causing their death.” Experts at Murcia’s El Valle Wildlife Rescue Centre, which examined the carcass, said that it had been unable to either digest or expel the plastics in its system, and as a result had suffered a fatal case of peritonitis. u Customers have threatened to boycott Boots after it refused to stop selling krill oil. Campaigners campaign fishing for krill damages the seas. Other companies have stopped selling krill oil supplements. Sixty-four pounds of waste, above, was found in the digestive system of the dead whale, right Snowboarder suffocated after headfirst fall in drift A BRITISH snowboarder suffocated after falling headfirst into a snow drift in the Alps. The 25-year-old man, who was working a season in the resort of Meribel, was found in an off-piste area of the Allues area. It is believed he was unable to release himself from his board, and could have been buried for 30 minutes before he was discovered. A spokesman for the Alps mountain rescue service said it was difficult to say how long he may have been stuck, but estimated it could have been half an hour. He said: “The snowboarder ‘He was spotted by two witnesses skiing nearby who noticed a snowboard sticking out of the snow’ was alone when he fell. He was spotted by two witnesses skiing nearby who noticed a snowboard sticking out of the snow about 20 metres from the piste. They then realised that someone might be attached to the board.” He said the two witness had called for help before trying to reach the young man themselves and lift him out of the snow. “It was very difficult for them. He was buried up to his pelvis and the snow was very heavy, very compacted.” He added that mountain rescue service had arrived within minutes but by the time they arrived he was in cardiac quickly. What were you doing?” The car, she recalled, had blacked-out windows. “The next thing I know this man got out of the back and came around and started shouting at me. I was really taken aback.” The passenger being chauffeurdriven was Mr Mackenzie, the chairman and former chief executive of the AA. He was wearing a black-tie dinner jacket. He and his wife, Jane, a chartered accountant, had been out to dinner. They were staying at their son’s flat around the corner from Miss Dodkin. According to Miss Dodkin’s version of events, she quickly realised she had made an error in chasing after the car. “I was pretty upset because he [Mr Mackenzie] was shouting at me to ‘go home to bed, little girl’ and telling me I was drunk. It was obvious he had been drinking quite a lot and that is when I realised he was a little more aggressive than I had first thought. “He was in my face; he was inches from my face. He was much taller than me. I put my arms up like just to say get away from me. And then he punched me. He smacked me in the face. That is when my lip split. I was in shock. “He punched me to the floor and he was stood over me, shouting at me to shut up. I was screaming ‘help me, help me’. I got up to my feet and then he pushed me and my head slammed into a brick wall. I heard my head crack and then this wave of nausea hit. I felt physically sick. My head was spinning.” At that stage, according to Miss Dodkin, her boyfriend, who had been parking the car, arrived after hearing her screams for help. Miss Dodkin claims that Mr Mackenzie then “went for” her partner, who defended himself. He knocked into Mr Mackenzie, who fell off the kerb and into the road, slipping behind the car. He broke his leg and ankle as a result. Police began inquiries but, without CCTV, it was not clear whose story to believe. Mr Mackenzie has claimed that he and his wife had been attacked by Miss Dodkin and her partner. It is understood Mr Mackenzie’s chauffeur, who was employed by the AA, largely backs up Miss Dodkin’s version. Mr Mackenzie last night told The Telegraph: “The woman scratched at my wife. I tried to hold the woman at arm’s length. She ripped my hearing aid and threw it down the road. “She made a lunge for Jane and I pushed her. She staggered back and hit the wall. Then she attacked my wife again and I pushed her away. I don’t know how she got the split lip.” The former AA boss denied any wrongdoing and said he didn’t press charges because he “didn’t want the publicity”. He said he had no contractual duty to inform the AA. Miss Dodkin said: “In his eyes, I attacked him. But that is a complete lie. He claims he was defending his wife, but I didn’t go anywhere near her.” Miss Dodkin has given a statement to the AA. “They have said it is highly unlikely but I am prepared to go to court and testify against him even though it will be traumatic,” she said. arrest. He said that the incident was still being investigated, while an inquest has been opened under the jurisdiction of the nearby town of Albertville. In January this year, Oscar Cassagneau-Francis and Rajen Mahendra, both Britons aged 26, were killed after falling hundreds of feet in an off-piste area while skiing in Chamonix-MontBlanc. In February, another British skier was killed when he and two friends ran into difficulty after venturing off-piste in the Alpe d’Huez ski resort region of the central French western Alps. MINISTERS will crackdown on the use of plastic cutlery on flights under plans to make the aviation industry more environmentally friendly. The Government is also considering measures to reduce the amount of plastic wrapping used on food and drink products sold at UK airports, and the introduction of more water fountains to cut down on the use of plastic bottles. The moves are part of an attempt to make the aviation sector “greener” and to improve the flying experience for passengers. Ministers also want to make the cost of flying more transparent and could ask operators to review charges like booking fees, seat reservations and extra baggage and to ensure people know about them at the start of the booking process rather than at the end. The measures were set out by the Department for Transport as it continues work on its new aviation strategy, which it hopes to finalise next year. The proposals to cut the amount of plastic used at airports and on flights come as the Government attempts to reduce the amount of the material which is used and thrown away. Ministers unveiled plans last month which could see a deposit return scheme introduced for plastic bottles. It follows a ban on the use of plastic microbeads in cosmetic products and the 5p plastic bag charge. Baroness Sugg, the aviation minister, said: “Working with industry, we want to improve the flying experience from booking to arrival, ensuring passengers are truly at the heart of the aviation sector.” The Government will also look at strengthening noise controls at airports and the possibility of improved compensation for people living close to the transport hubs. washed him into the sea.” Charles tried to help save his brother but was hit by another wave and taken into the water. He was rescued by a lifeboat crew and taken ashore. He was then taken to Royal Cornwall Hospital but was later pronounced dead. Dr Allen’s body was not found until a week later after being washed ashore a few miles north-east of the fishing spot. 12 ** Saturday 7 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph World news Israelis shoot dead seven Palestinian protesters By Raf Sanchez in Gaza City AT LEAST seven Palestinian protesters – including a 16-year-old boy – were killed by Israeli snipers on the Gaza border yesterday, as burning tyres sent towers of black smoke into the sky. The deaths mean that 29 Palestinians have been killed by Israeli marksmen since Gaza residents last week began the Great March of Return, a series of weekly border protests demanding the right to return to their ancestral homes in what is today Israel. Around 20,000 Palestinians flocked to five protest sites along the border, according to the Israeli military. The Gaza Health Ministry reported that 408 people were taken to hospitals or medical centres following clashes with Israeli troops. Demonstrators burnt hundreds of rubber tyres all along the Israeli frontier, creating a wall of smoke which they hoped would blind the Israeli snipers. Israeli forces used fire hoses to try to put out the flames and large turbine fans to keep the noxious smoke from blowing into Israel. The overwhelming majority of the protesters were unarmed and the small handful who did carry weapons were wielding small axes, knives, or heavy shears to try to cut through the Israeli fence. The Daily Telegraph saw no firearms in the crowds. The Israeli military alleged that Hamas operatives had tried to use the chaos of the riots to damage the border fence. A spokesman said there were at least four attempts to throw improvised bombs towards Israeli forces. No Israelis were killed or wounded during either yesterday’s demonstrations or the clashes last week. António Guterres, the UN secretary general, had earlier appealed to the Is- ‘We are adamant about the integrity of the fence … it is all that separates rioters from the nearest Israeli targets’ raeli military to use “extreme caution with the use of force in order to avoid casualties” among demonstrators. Human rights groups have criticised the Israeli Defence Forces (IDF) for its policy of directing sniper fire on those who come too close to the fence, arguing that lethal force is only permissible to counter an imminent threat to life. Lt Col Jonathan Conricus, of the IDF, said Israel was “using less-lethal means to the greatest extent possible before using lethal means”. He said Israeli forces were justified in opening fire to prevent Palestinians breaking through the Gaza border fence. “The reason we are so adamant about the integrity of the fence is because it is all that separates thousands of rioters from the nearest Israeli tar- gets, which could be a kibbutz, or a farm, or other Israeli communities, or Israeli soldiers,” he said. The protests were significantly less bloody than last week, when 16 Palestinians were killed during the day and others died later from their injuries. Palestinians at a protest site east of Gaza City said the vast plumes of tyre smoke had also reduced the killings. “The burning tyres helped us because snipers can’t see us. But also people did not go in as far this week because they did not want to go past the smoke,” said one man. Many women and children stood amid the crowds at the border and An injured Palestinian protester is carried by fellow demonstrators at Khan Yunis, Gaza, amid tyre smoke during the Great March of Return. Left, one tries to pelt stones at Israeli security forces AFP/GETTY IMAGES Thousands take part in Great March of Return, setting tyres ablaze to send up huge clouds of smoke young Palestinians flew colourful kites into the blackened skies, where they shared airspace with Israeli surveillance drones. Israel claims that Hamas, considered a terrorist group by the US and UK, was behind the demonstrations. Several senior Hamas leaders did visit protest camps yesterday. But most of the people gathered at the border said they were not affiliated with Hamas or any other faction. The protests are expected to continue every Friday until May 15, when Palestinians commemorate “the Nakba”, the Arabic word for catastrophe, when they were displaced from their homes in 1948. Former Korean president Park is jailed for 24 years for corruption PARK GEUN-HYE, South Korea’s former president, was yesterday sentenced to 24 years in jail after being found guilty of bribery, abuse of power and coercion. She was ousted from office last year during the biggest political corruption scandal to hit Asia’s fourth largest economy in a generation. The verdict in a court in Seoul, the South Korean capital, was broadcast live against the wishes of Park, 66. It followed a 10-month trial that exposed a shady nexus of big business and politics. She was also fined £12 million. “The accused is guilty of abuse of power,” said Judge Kim Se-yoon, ruling that Park had forced major conglomer- ates including Samsung and Lotte to donate a total of £52 million to two non-profit foundations controlled by Choi Soon-sil, her secret confidante. Park was charged on 18 counts of corruption, including bribery, coercion, abuse of power and leaking state secrets. She was acquitted of at least two of the charges, including abuse of power relating to forcing the Hyundai car company to run advertisements for the company owned by Choi. The televised trial took place roughly a year after her arrest in late March 2017. The daughter of Park Chung-hee, the assassinated dictator, Park rose to fame as the nation’s first female president, but also became the first elected head of state to be ousted. It marked a dramatic downfall for a leader who came to power in 2013, pledging to fight graft. South Korea was shaken by allegations that Ms Choi, 60, exploited her relationship with Park to extort donations out of major companies to foundations used for her personal gain, and to get her daughter preferential admission to an elite Seoul university. Park was accused of taking secret advice from Ms Choi, who had no official position, on everything from North Korea policy to her wardrobe choices. The scandal prompted millions to demonstrate and demand the president’s resignation, leading to her impeachment in December 2016. Park was formally removed from office by the Constitutional Court the following March. Ghouta under attack again as evacuation stalls By Our Foreign Staff DEADLY air strikes slammed into the last opposition-held town in Eastern Ghouta, Syria, yesterday for the first time in over a week, after talks stalled over a rebel withdrawal. Backed by Russia, Syrian troops had captured all of Ghouta, except for the town of Douma, which is held by the Jaish al-Islam Islamist faction. Amid confusion over an evacuation deal for opposition groups, 4,000 fighters and relatives left the town on Monday before the withdrawal was halted. “There have been 24 air strikes on residential areas in Douma,” said Rami Abdel Rahman, head of the Syrian Ob- GRANITE STATE DOG RECOVERY/COVER IMAGES By Nicola Smith ASIA CORRESPONDENT Beagle aid After running into a porcupine this week in New Hampshire, Milo has been ‘de-quilled’ and is recovering well. China sperm donors must be communists By Neil Connor in Beijing A SPERM bank in China is demanding potential donors be good communists, as Beijing’s campaign to increase its control over people’s lives extends to before they are born. The Peking University Third Hospital is asking donors to answer the party’s call before they hand over semen in a six-week donation drive launched this week. Demand for sperm is booming in China since the one-child policy was axed in 2016, but there have been concerns over quality levels. The Beijing hospital listed a series of requirements for potential donors, including having no serious diseases or “obvious signs of hair loss”. It also said that men between the ages of 20 to 45 who wish to donate must “love the socialist mother- land, support the leadership of the Communist Party, be loyal to the party’s cause and be decent, law-abiding, and free of political problems.” Chinese media said there were 40 million infertile women and men in the country. The Global Times said that the “low pass rate of quality sperm” is the main cause of the shortage, with the Beijing Times saying the pass percentage in China is 15 to 20 per cent. Those who pass the tests at Peking University will be paid 200 yuan (£22.50) immediately and another 5,500 yuan (£620) when a donation is received. A doctor indicated to Hong Kong’s South China Morning Post that there were no medical procedures for testing communist credentials. “It would be fine as long as you consider yourself suitable,” the doctor said. servatory for Human Rights, the British-based monitor. He said 32 people, including seven children, had been killed and around 50 others wounded. SANA, Syria’s state news agency, said Syrian air strikes hit the town yesterday in response to rebel mortar fire from Douma that had wounded seven people near the capital Damascus. FINAL The Daily Telegraph Saturday 7 April 2018 13 World news Hungarian envoys told to dig dirt on migrants Dispatch By Peter Foster EUROPE EDITOR in Budapest H ungarian embassies across Europe have been ordered to collect negative stories about immigration in order to support the re-election campaign of Viktor Orbán, The Daily Telegraph can reveal. The apparent use of state apparatus for political purposes emerged as Mr Orbán seeks a third consecutive term as prime minister at parliamentary elections tomorrow, with opposition groups fearing that victory for his ruling Fidesz party will irrevocably cement his grip on power. In a highly rhetorically charged campaign, Mr Orban has stoked fears over immigration, attacking Brussels for enabling what he called an “invasion” of refugees that threatened to “cast aside” the bloc’s Christian culture. In an internal email, obtained by The Telegraph, a senior official in the Hungarian foreign ministry requests European embassies to collect “negative statements” on immigration to help support the campaign. “I need all the specific news and declarations about the problem of migration in a given country. If an official says this – which can also happen – I need it even more,” wrote Tamás Menczer, the deputy undersecretary of communication and parliamentary co-ordination. “You can send me everything: from integration problems, no-go zones, educational difficulties, etc.” Addressed to the ambassadors and first counsellors of Hungarian missions in Sweden, France, Germany, Austria, Belgium and Italy, the email thanks colleagues for their previous information, making clear that this is not the first request. The apparent use of foreign ministry resources to back Mr Orbán’s re-election was condemned last night in both Brussels and by Hungarian opposition politicians as an abuse of political power. Guy Verhofstadt, the leader of the European Parliament’s main liberal ALDE group, condemned Mr Orban and urged other EU leaders to follow suit. “It’s quite frankly a disgrace that the Hungarian government is using its diplomats to conjure up fake news stories in order to stoke fear about migration domestically for the benefit of Fidesz,” he told The Telegraph. “This is a clear abuse of political power and I hope it is condemned by the international community.” A spokesman for the EU monitoring group, the OSCE, which is observing the Hungarian elections, declined to comment on the email, citing a policy never to discuss ongoing campaigns. The OSCE will make a preliminary statement on the conduct of the election on Monday and will, as in all ‘This is a clear abuse of political power and I hope it is condemned by the international community’ elections, examine whether state resources have been misused. The contents of the email have been passed to the OSCE by The Telegraph. Tamás Mellár, a leading economics professor who chaired Hungary’s Central Bureau of Statistics between 1998 and 2003 and is running as an independent candidate against Fidesz in the city of Pécs, 200 miles south of Budapest, said: “The government is clearly using its missions for unprofessional political purposes in order to gather frightening examples of migrants to scare the population. This is one reason among many that the Orbán government has to be replaced.” However, the latest opinions polls show that Fidesz is on track to retain a majority in the 199-seat parliament, despite opposition efforts to use tactical voting to unseat Fidesz candidates following a series of corruption scandals. Mr Orbán, whose son-in-law has been named in one scandal, has fought back with populist economic policies and attacks on Hungary’s supposed enemies, including liberal leaders such as George Soros, the billionaire philanthropist. Mr Orbán’s brand of identity politics has seen him make common cause with like-minded eastern European leaders such as Jarosław Kaczyński of Poland, whose governing Law and Justice party, like Fidesz, is under fire from the EU over its refusal to accept migrant quotas. “We believe Poles and Hungarians have a common path, common fight and common goal: to build and defend our homeland in the form that we want ... Christian and with national values,” Mr Orbán said yesterday as Mr Kaczyński visited Budapest. Mr Orbán’s anti-immigrant rhetoric is directed at Fidesz’s two million strong support base and fuels the memories of the 2015 migrant crisis when several hundred thousand refugees trooped through Hungary en route to Austria and Germany. Mr Menczer and the Hungarian foreign ministry did not reply to a request for comment. Additional reporting by Balazs Csekö France pledges help for autistic children after UN criticism FRANCE yesterday promised places for all autistic children in nursery schools as it unveiled a €340 million (£297 million) programme to improve the way it deals with the disorder. Experts and the United Nations recently denounced its approach as woefully retrograde. France has been accused of being up to “50 years” behind the rest of the world in detecting autism, and providing basic education and therapy for those with the condition. The UN recently criticised the country for “widespread violation” of its citizens’ rights over its approach, and France has repeatedly had to pay damages to families for the inadequate care of autistic children in recent years. Yesterday, Edouard Philippe, the prime minister, promised to “make up for lost time” as he unveiled the fiveyear strategy aimed at making the lives of autistic children and adults “as normal as possible”. A 2005 law guarantees every child the right to education in a mainstream school, but the Council of Europe has condemned France for not respecting it. Only around 20 per cent of French children with autism go to school, compared with 70 per cent in Britain. Mr Philippe pledged that all autistic children born this year would be admitted to nursery school by 2021, which his government has made compulsory. “You are right to be scandalised, I’m scandalised too,” Mr Philippe told the grandmother of an autistic child “refused” entry to school. “We have fallen behind on this issue, which is unacceptable,” he said. Hugo Horiot, an autistic French writer, actor and director who recently released a book, Autisme, J’accuse!, welcomed the move, but he said the budget was a drop in the ocean compared with the €7 billion (£6bn) France’s state auditor recently cited as necessary to support autism. AFP/GETTY IMAGES By Henry Samuel in Paris Baroque star After a six-year restoration, the Margravial Opera House in Bayreuth, Germany, will reopen on Thursday. Built by theatre architect Giuseppe Galli Bibiena between 1744 and 1748, it is one of Europe’s few surviving theatres of the period. Its ornate carved and painted wooden features led to it being designated a Unesco World Heritage site in 2012. Theatregoers can hear acoustics identical to those experienced by audiences more than 250 years ago. Trump protests innocence over pay-off to porn star By Our Foreign Staff DONALD TRUMP has broken his silence about allegations that he had sex with a porn star, insisting that he did not pay her $130,000 (£92,000) hush money through his lawyer. After weeks of dodging questions about the alleged affair, the US president offered a flat “no” when asked if he knew about the payment made in the final weeks of the 2016 election. The actress, Stephanie Clifford – who goes by the screen name Stormy Daniels – claims she received the money to cover up a sexual encounter with Mr Trump more than a decade ago. Michael Cohen, the president’s lawyer, has admitted to making the payment and has accused Daniels of breaching a non-disclosure agreement she signed in return. Last month, Daniels told 21 million television viewers that she had unprotected sex with Mr Trump in July 2006, shortly after Melania, his wife, gave birth to their son. While the alleged sexual encounter was said to be consensual, the payment to Daniels could constitute an undeclared campaign contribution. Mr Trump insisted he did not know why Mr Cohen made the payment. “You’ll have to ask Michael Cohen. Mi- WORLD BULLETIN Puigdemont freed Ex-president of Brazil defies court from German jail Brazil’s former president has said that he will not turn himself over to the police, despite court orders. Luiz Inacio ‘‘Lula’’ da Silva has appealed against a 12-year jail sentence imposed for his involvement in the Petrobas bribes scandal. He is still favourite to win presidential elections in October. Carles Puigdemont, the former Catalan leader, walked out of a German prison yesterday after posting €75,000 (£65,000) bail. The Schleswig-Holstein court will still evaluate Spain’s extradition request, but not based on the charge of rebellion, which was found to be inadmissible. Zuma corruption case is adjourned ‘Catch and release’ ended by Trump Jacob Zuma, the former South African president, sat in the dock of a courtroom yesterday to finally face corruption charges. Mr Zuma, 75, is charged with 16 counts of fraud, racketeering and money laundering over an arms deal in the Nineties. He was freed “on warning” by the judge, and the case was adjourned until June 8. Donald Trump yesterday signed a memorandum ordering the end of the policy, known as “catch and release,” in which illegal immigrants are freed from detention while awaiting a court hearing. Mr Trump asked Defence Secretary Jim Mattis to produce a list of military facilities that could be used to detain illegal immigrants. Stormy Daniels claims she was paid ‘hush money’ in 2006 chael is my attorney.” Asked if he knew the source of the money, the president told reporters on Air Force One: “No, I don’t know.” The claim was immediately challenged by Michael Avenatti, Daniels’s lawyer, who tweeted: “We very much look forward to testing the truthfulness of Mr Trump’s feigned lack of knowledge concerning the $130,000 (£92,000) payment.” The alleged affair and suspected cover-up presents a legal and political minefield for Mr Trump, as support among US evangelical Christians, who make up 25 per cent of the population, was pivotal in his election victory. Sex scandal resignations hit Nobel Prize-giving body By Our Foreign Staff THREE prominent members of the Swedish Academy resigned yesterday in protest at close ties between the institution, which awards the Nobel Prize for Literature, and a high-profile man accused of sexual assault. The academy has been reeling since it was revealed as part of the #MeToo campaign in November that several members, as well as members’ wives and daughters, had allegedly been assaulted by the well-known figure at the centre of the scandal. Sweden’s Dagens Nyheter newspaper broke the news, publishing the testimony of 18 women claiming to have been assaulted or raped by one of the most influential figures in Stockholm’s cultural scene. The academy has since cut all ties with the man, who has not been publicly identified. But his identity is widely known by the public due to his high profile in cultural circles. The alleged sexual assaults occurred between 1996 and 2017, according to the newspaper. Peter Englund, one of the resigning members said the scandal had deeply divided the Swedish literary world. “Over time, a crack that appeared has continued to grow,” he said in a letter to the Aftonbladet newspaper, adding that Sara Danius, the academy’s permanent secretary had been subject to “unjustified” criticism. Along with Englund, members Klas Ostergren and Kjell Espmark decided to step down after a meeting of the ‘When prominent members put friendship ahead of responsibility and integrity, I can no longer participate’ group on Thursday. “When prominent academy members put friendship ahead of responsibility and integrity, I can no longer participate in its work,” Espmark wrote in a letter to the media. In March, Stockholm’s public prosecutor’s office announced that part of the investigation, into claims of alleged rapes and assaults between 2013 and 2015, had been called off as the statute of limitation had passed or due to lack of evidence. 14 ** Saturday 7 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph World news Dolce & Gabbana label will die with us, say designers Italian fashion legends vow to continue to reject takeover offers and never to give away control By Bethan Holt DOLCE & GABBANA, the Italian designers, have said their brand will die with them as they do not want their business ruined by outsiders. Domenico Dolce and Stefano Gab- bana said they had rejected numerous takeover offers. “Once we’re dead, we’re dead. I don’t want a Japanese designer to start designing Dolce & Gabbana,” Mr Dolce told Italy’s Corriere della Sera. The pair started the business in 1985, when they were a couple. Although they split in 2004, they have continued to work together, dressing Madonna, Melania Trump, the Duchess of Cambridge and many more. “One can have a lot of money but if you are not free, what do you do with it?” Mr Dolce, 55, said. In the financial year ending in March 2017, turnover rose by 9 per cent to $1.296 billion with a net profit of £70 million. “When we split up, we said to ourselves that it was better to divide up everything, because if I took a blow to the head the next day he would have found himself dealing with someone not involved in the industry, like for example my cousin, who could ruin the business,” Mr Gabbana said. “We have created a trust neither of us can touch.” Famed for their “more is more” ap- ‘Once we’re dead, we’re dead. I don’t want a Japanese designer to start designing Dolce & Gabbana’ proach, Dolce & Gabbana’s repertoire includes opulent biannual ready-towear shows at Milan fashion week, “secret” shows for their clique of millennial ambassadors (among them Sistine Stallone, Gabriel-Kane DayLewis and Lady Amelia Windsor) as well as a roster of events around the globe. Five days of parties and shows kicked off yesterday in New York, which will take in the unveiling of the latest Alta Moda and Alta Sartoria collections, their idiosyncratic take on haute couture. There are plenty of cautionary tales which may have persuaded Dolce & Gabbana that independence should be a priority. The designer Jil Sander lost control of her label after Prada acquired a 75 per cent share in 2000 – since then she has only returned for two-year stints. Donna Karan resigned in 2015 from the brand she built. The following year, LVMH sold the name to American licensing company G-III for $650 million (£460 million). Last month, Stella McCartney regained complete control of her label after a 17-year partnership with luxury conglomerate Kering, which also owns Gucci, Bottega Veneta and Saint Laurent. “It is the right moment to acquire the full control… This opportunity represents a crucial patrimonial decision for me,” she said. Martial arts star McGregor charged after van ‘assault’ By Nick Allen in Washington By Our Foreign Staff A COURT in New York has ruled that two valuable drawings looted by the Nazis should be returned to a Holocaust victim’s heirs. In what was seen as a key test case a London art dealer was told to hand over the works – Woman In a Black Pinafore and Woman Hiding Her Face – by the Austrian Egon Schiele. The drawings were taken by the Nazis from Fritz Grunbaum, a Jewish entertainer who perished in the Dachau concentration camp in 1941. Richard Nagy, the art dealer, argued that he bought the drawings legally after Grunbaum’s sister-in-law sold them to a Swiss gallery in 1956, and that the time for relatives to claim them had long passed. But Justice Charles E Ramos ruled that the Holocaust Expropriated Art Recovery (HEAR) Act, signed into law in 2016 by Barack Obama, meant the drawings belonged to Grunbaum’s descendants. In 2015, the two Schiele drawings turned up in a booth operated by Mr Nagy at an art show in New York. Grunbaum’s heirs – Timothy Reif, David Fraenkel and Milos Vavra – sued to recover them. Raymond Dowd, their lawyer, said the case could have wide ranging implications for museums and art dealers. He said: “This decision brought us a step closer to recovering all of the culture that was stolen during the largest mass theft in history.” In a statement, Thaddeus Stauber, a lawyer for Mr Nagy, said the decision would be appealed. He said the dealer had checked with “recognised Holocaust provenance experts” all of whom said the works were “not stolen by the Nazis”. If they had been, the dealer would have restored them to the relatives, he said. CONOR McGREGOR, the mixed martial arts fighter, was released from a police station and driven to a New York coutroom yesterday, to be arraigned on charges of assault and criminal mischief after a rampage at an Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC) press event in Brooklyn that was caught on video, the New York Police Department said. McGregor, who became the first UFC fighter to hold two world titles simultaneously when he won the lightweight belt in 2016, turned himself in to police late on Thursday after the violent incident. At a UFC media day, McGregor and CREDIT Art stolen by Nazis returned to Holocaust victim’s family ARTHUR EDWARDS/PA Conor McGregor outside a New York courtroom yesterday facing charges of assault and criminal mischief Good spirits The Prince of Wales was in a jolly mood on a visit to the Bundaberg Rum Distillery and museum in central Queensland during his Australian tour. The heir to the throne also had a reunion with four sisters he hadn’t seen for 52 years. He stayed at their family’s dairy farm when he was at Timbertop college in Victoria in 1966. his entourage entered the Barclays Center, in Brooklyn, through a side door and appeared to attack a van in which other fighters were riding. A video of the incident on social media showed objects being thrown at the van, leaving windows smashed and a number of people injured. Police charged McGregor, 26, with three counts of assault and one count of criminal mischief, according to Lee Jones, a NYPD spokesman. Efforts to reach McGregor’s representatives were not successful and it was not clear who was representing him at the court hearing. Dana White, president of UFC, said the van attack was “the most disgusting thing that ever happened in the history” of the UFC. The Daily Telegraph Saturday 7 April 2018 *** 15 16 *** Saturday 7 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph Comment This sugar tax is yet another case study in government inconsistency To order prints or signed copies of any Telegraph cartoon, go to telegraph.co.uk/ prints-cartoons or call 0191 603 0178 readerprints@ telegraph.co.uk matt Kilcoyne oyne T he Government’s new sugary drinks levy has come into force, and it’s sharply dividing opinion. An important measure to tackle the obesity crisis, or an outrageous assault on personal choice? The dividing lines draw themselves. I happen to think it a fool’s errand. A similar tax in Mexico reduced consumption by just 16 calories a day, and it is unclear whether the change in price will really stop people from imbibing sugary drinks or they will just end up paying more for the same purchases. But what we can all agree on is that this new tax is shot through with flaws. In fact, it’s a case study in the inconsistencies inherent in so much government policymaking. Take the aim: to reduce sugar consumption. So why is this not really a tax on sugar at all, merely a tax on sugary drinks? Cakes, biscuits, chocolates, smoothies and even milkshakes are all excluded, without rhyme nor reason. But the inconsistencies don’t end there. The Government is seeking to vastly reduce sugar consumption in Britain at the same time as it looks to expand the country’s sugar industry for export. The Department for International Trade is keen to talk up free trade, and the Government has been touting the UK’s success in getting the European Union to scrap Soviet-style production quotas and minimum prices for beet sugar, an industry that currently provides 10,000 jobs in Britain. When this deregulation happened last year, the industry expected it to result in a massive increase in UK production, as well as falling prices for consumers. So what is it that the Government wants? Higher or lower sugar prices for consumers? I couldn’t tell you. Perhaps we shouldn’t be surprised. It’s not just on sugar that the Government’s policy is not as sweetly logical as it ought to be. Mixed messages are to be found right across government. The Prime Minister has extolled the virtues of the private sector, for example, once calling it the “greatest agent of collective human progress ever created”, but she is seeking to intervene to cap energy prices, undermining the attacks the Tories made against Labour’s Seventies-style campaign on the same issue. Mrs May finds herself inadvertently making Corbyn’s case for nationalisation for him. Rightly worried about rising house prices, meanwhile, successive governments have perversely responded by propping them up through measures such as Help to Buy. Under Margaret Thatcher, the Tories understood the importance of simple and sellable ideas. The free market; government not doing what the private market can provide; increasing choice for citizens; law and order. There is a reason that Thatcherism is a word. It stood for something consistent. Perhaps that’s something to return to. In the battle between equality and religion, must religion always lose? A conservative, beliefcentred way of life may not meet ‘British values’, but it is far from rabid extremism charles moore oore A follow Matt Kilcoyne on Twitter @MRJKilcoyne; read more at telegraph.co.uk/opinion t any one time, we are supposed to live by certain public doctrines. In our secular age, you might expect these to fade away, but actually the opposite is happening. We live in a swirl of public doctrine, expressed in words such as “inclusion”, “diversity” and “tolerance”. These are commingled into something called “British values”. To the untutored eye – by which I mean the eye of almost anyone – the meaning of these words is obscure. Where is the “diversity”, for example, in banning a male-voice choir in the police? Where is the “tolerance” in classifying a speech against homosexual acts as a “hate-crime”? Talk of “British values” is an attempt to synthesise all this stuff, and to enforce it. In a way, it is an admirable endeavour to fill a public vacuum. For too long, groups who hate our country, its history and culture, have been allowed to grab the microphone. The aim of “British values” is to wrest it back from the maniacs and start talking about what binds us together. Unfortunately, confusion can result. Take schools. After long dispute, it has at last rightly been recognised that you cannot prevent violent extremism without tackling the non-violent extremism that legitimates it. This means scrutinising what the young are taught. In the modern West, it overwhelmingly, but not exclusively, means what young Muslims are taught. Some of this is what used to be called “civics” – the basics of democracy, the rule of law, freedom of speech – with particular applications such as knowing the National Anthem. On top of this get piled the doctrines that are expressed in the nine “Protected Characteristics” of the Equality Act 2010. These prevent discrimination on grounds of race, religion, sexual orientation and so on. Once this medicine has been mixed in the laboratories of power, it is then administered. The job falls to Ofsted, the schools inspectorate. Last month, Ofsted descended on the Yesodey Hatorah girls’ school in Stamford Hill, north London. The school has always been rated “good” by the inspectorate. Its results put it in the top 2 per cent of the country for maths and the top 10 per cent for English. There is no disciplinary problem either. The Haredic Jewish community from which the pupils come is almost completely free from gang violence, drugs and teenage pregnancy. If all schools maintained Yesodey Hatorah’s standards of conduct, there would be virtually no teenage crime in the country. The inspectors do not seem interested in this, however. What they want to know about is sex. They worry that the pupils are not taught about sex. It is alleged – though also denied – that they stopped girls in the corridors and asked them intrusive questions about things like internet dating sites. They raided the library, and discovered that some of the books have passages about sex blacked out. They are angry that the girls are not taught about homosexuality. Ofsted’s final verdict has not yet been pronounced, but the school has received signals that it will be punished solely because of the above. If so, the case will matter in several ways. First, it will damage the beloved concepts of “diversity” and “inclusion”. It was a great breakthrough when Yesodey Hatorah became voluntaryaided (ie, mainly state-funded) in 2005, because it represented a move, controversial among orthodox Jews, away from the very separate life they had until then lived. If they could co-operate with the state to produce what most would recognise as a good education, this meant that both sides were opening up. For a refugee people like the Jews, this sent out a cheering message that they were accepted in British public culture. If this message is reversed, fear replaces trust. Second, it will damage freedom of religion. Ofsted cannot now allege that the Government did not know what it was taking on. The clue lies in the school’s name. Yesodey Hatorah means “the Laws which are the Foundations of the Torah” (the Torah is the first five books of the Jewish Bible that Christians call the Old Testament). There was never the faintest chance that a school with that name would not live by its interpretations of those laws. These include conservative views of sexual behaviour, and of what and when children should be taught about it. A further clue can be found on the school’s website. It says “Our core values and ethos … discourage the use of online communication and internet use wherever possible. This site therefore holds only statutory and other basic information about the school.” It was never likely that many girls at such a school would have to navigate the problems of Facebook, Tinder or of internet pornography. School, synagogue and parents combine against this. If it is being said that such a school is not worthy of state support, what does that imply for the other 38 Jewish Orthodox schools currently in that situation? What does it imply, come to that, for our thousands of statesupported church schools if there comes a moment when their interpretation of their religion conflicts with the dogma of the state? Unlike, say, France, this country has for centuries supported the idea that education is one of the prime tasks of religion, and that for the state to stamp on this would endanger liberty and educational quality. So there is a battle between the Equality Act’s “Protected Characteristic” of religion and that of sexuality. Must religion always lose? If secularists are allowed to sit in judgment in a kangaroo court, as appears to be happening in this case, the answer will always be yes. Of course it is true – history shows it repeatedly – that religious fanaticism can produce violence and bigotry. But to understand religion’s evils correctly, it is necessary to understand religion itself. I wonder how many modern bureaucrats do. They show little evidence of it. I can imagine them hearing of Christians eating “the body and blood of Christ” and panicking, in their ignorance, that they are dealing with a bunch of cannibals. Religion is, among other things, a belief-centred way of life. As such, it will – and sometimes ought to – come into conflict with the current notions of the powerful. Throughout their history, all mainstream religions have exalted heterosexual married sex over all other forms. The modern state is entitled to disagree, but it is most unwise – not to say intolerant – to turn disagreement into a showdown in the name of upholding “British values”. All it is upholding is the right-on orthodoxy of about 30 years’ standing. Besides, such rows are a huge diversion. The real purpose of teaching “British values” is to squeeze out the tendencies that drive the young to want to destroy the country in which they live. Age-old force of circumstance has ensured that Jews have developed the most careful ways of living peacefully in host countries that do not share their faith. If pupils emerge from Yesodey Hatorah and start trying to bomb London, I will eat my kippah (or would, if I had one). Why make enemies of worthy fellow-citizens? Ofsted is spoiling for a fight the Government does not want. There is a massive – almost absolute – distinction between conservatism and extremism in religion. Within modern Islam, the difference is literally a matter of life and death. That is the battle that needs to be fought and won, not least in schools. read more at telegraph.co.uk/opinion michael deacon on Saturday L ord Adonis is in no doubt. The BBC’s coverage of Brexit, says the Labour life peer, is biased. Hopelessly, embarrassingly, appallingly biased. Biased, that is, in favour of Brexit. The BBC, he declares, has become “the Brexit Broadcasting Corporation”. He accuses it of devoting insufficient coverage to anti-Brexit protest marches, and of running an “internal system of censorship”, which “vetoes output likely to offend [the] Government and [Nigel] Farage”. Indeed, he explains, Brexit is “largely the creation of the BBC”. Of course, Lord Adonis isn’t alone in calling the BBC’s coverage of Brexit biased. Lord Tebbit, the Conservative life peer, has called it biased, too. Except that he called it biased against Brexit. “Quite frankly,” he told the House of Lords just a few weeks ago, “the BBC has become the supporter of a foreign organisation called the European Union.” Sadly, however, Brexit isn’t the only subject that the BBC is biased both against and towards. Ever since Jeremy Corbyn became Labour leader, his supporters have constantly accused the BBC of Right-wing bias. Which must come as a surprise to the many Tories who have been accusing it for years of Left-wing bias. Confusing, isn’t it. We all know that the BBC is biased. We just can’t agree which way. Under attack from all sides of the political spectrum, the BBC must be feeling worried about its future. Luckily, I have a solution. on. The BBC already produces separate rate news bulletins for different parts of the country. So why not ot produce separate newss bulletins for different parts of the electorate? To Remainers, broadcast dcast the news that Brexit is cancelled, and that Farage rage has been unmasked as a secret agent in the employ of Donald Trump, Vladimir Putin, n, Kim Jong-un and Lord Voldemort. To Leavers, broadcast st the news that Brexit has as come early, and that ass a result the NHS is so awash wash with cash that every injection is made using ga solid-gold syringe. To the Left, broadcast the news ws that Corbyn has been elected with a 650-seatt majority, and that poverty, injustice, war and Tony Blair have all been instantly eradicated. And to the Right, broadcast the news that Corbyn poisoned the Skripals himself, with a pot of his home-made jam. Only then will we be able to call the BBC’s journalism truly objective. This week the B Beano sent Jacob Rees-Mogg Rees-Mog a spoof legal letter, orderin ordering him to stop masquerading as D Dennis the Menace’s old foe Walter W Brown. I liked the letter. B But one thing puzzled me. Who was w “Walter Brown”? I read the Beano every week, back in the 198 1980s, and I don’t remember remembe anyone called “Walter “Walte Brown”. In my day, da Dennis the Menace’s enemy Mena – more mo accurately, victim vict – was called “Walter the Softy”. “Wa That, Th and nothing else. els Because that’s tha who he was. wa He was a softy. sof He was timid, tim weedy and weak we – and effeminate. That effe was the t whole point of the character. Yet, in the Beano’s letter to ReesMogg, the word “Softy” doesn’t appear. The character is referred to exclusively as “Walter Brown”. And the letter contains no suggestion that this Walter is “soft”, unless we’re meant to count the passing reference to his “enjoyment of classical music (because he thinks it makes him seem clever)”. Walter, it seems, is soft no more. Well, I suppose it was inevitable, really. In this day and age, the Beano could hardly expect to get away with the kind of politically incorrect jokes it published in my day. Every week, we were being invited to laugh at a boy for crying, and liking flowers, and dressing up in girls’ clothes. Rather cruel, now I look back on it. Mind you, that was only the 1980s. Back in the 1950s, of course, he was called Walter the Fat Disabled Pacifist Communist Lesbian. Some of the time, it must be great, working in a nursery. After all, you get to spend your day talking to very small children, and very small children are much more fun to talk to than grown-ups. Grown-up conversation is so repetitive and predictable (work, feeling tired, politics, feeling tired, house prices, GETTY IMAGES We know the BBC is biased – we just can’t agree which way Brexit balance: the BBC should broadcast programmes for Leavers and Remainers feeling tired, Brexit), whereas you never quite know what a very small child is going to come out with next. The other day, for example, my four-year-old son devised his first ever riddle. Here it is. Q. What’s invisible? A. An invisible dinosaur. You’ve got to admit, it’s pretty tough. If the Nazis’ codes had been written by four-year-old children, Bletchley Park wouldn’t have had a prayer. On the other hand, there must be times when working with a roomful of very small children is just a tiny bit trying. The evening before last, my son was telling me about “the rules”, which all the children in his class at nursery are expected to follow. According to him, the rules are: “No running, except in the garden”; “We don’t say unkind things to our friends”; “We don’t hit our friends”; and “No climbing on the teachers”. “Hang on,” I said. “No climbing on the teachers?” “Yes,” said my son simply. “That’s a rule?” “Yes.” “Do children climb on the teachers?” “Yes.” “Why do they climb on the teachers?” “Because they like to.” “What happens to children who climb on the teachers?” “They get put in a ‘time out’. You aren’t supposed to climb on the teachers. If you climb on the teachers, the teachers can get hurt.” I don’t know what nursery staff get paid, but I doubt it’s anywhere near enough. follow Michael Deacon on Twitter @MichaelPDeacon; read more at telegraph.co.uk/opinion *** The Daily Telegraph Saturday 7 April 2018 17 Letters to the Editor Knife crime is out of hand because police have become social engineers Still out of pocket SIR – Frank Duffy (Letters, April 5) says there is no place for politics in the criminal justice system. This is also true of the police service itself. Over the past decades politicians have changed the police service from a law-enforcement and peacekeeping service into one largely engaged in social engineering. While children and young adults must be made aware of the effects of crime on society, this is not the first role of police, but of social service agencies and the education system. There is a gang war about to explode in London and all we hear from senior police officers is the need to educate young people. Little is being done to deal with the gangs. As Mr Duffy says, the police should investigate serious crime, charging suspects if the evidence is compelling and acting in the interests of the victims. At the moment, they seem to concentrate on looking after the criminals and prosecuting the victims. Peter Amey Norwich We need to make the police effective again T he story of the Derbyshire Constabulary Male Voice Choir is a parable for our times. People look to their police to provide order on the streets and track down criminals. But those who run the forces have other preoccupations, such as equality, inclusivity and the social engineering demands made of them by governments. There is nothing wrong with this. The police should reflect the society they serve, by including more women and ethnic minorities. But the primary function of a police force is not to be a showcase for equal opportunities. In Derbyshire, however, a male voice choir has had to break ties with the police because it does not contain women. It is tempting to dismiss this as a small matter, the product of a chief constable’s overzealous interpretation of the equality requirements placed on his shoulders. But it is emblematic of a bigger problem – a loss of direction by our police, who are often expected to be, and see themselves as, a branch of social services. The danger is that, when criminals also see the police in this way, they are emboldened to treat the streets as their own. The rise in violent crime, especially in London, is indicative of this phenomenon. There may well be other explanations – cultural, educational, generational – but the impression that the police are losing their grip is a key factor and, unlike the others, it can be rectified almost overnight. Public confidence in their local police, once taken for granted, is at around 50 per cent according to a 2015 survey. Although he will face no charges, the arrest this week on suspicion of murder of a homeowner alleged to have killed a burglar in his home did not help matters. Nor will the growing propensity of the police to ignore burglaries, as we report today. If break-ins are not going to be investigated, there will be more of them for the simple reason the perpetrators will not be caught. It is easy to forget that the primary function of the police – the first Peelian principle – is to keep order and prevent crimes. For decades, we were told that what mattered most was targeting hotspots and getting officers to crime scenes rapidly, when what people want is for the crime not to happen at all, if possible. The efficacy of routine patrols is often challenged by criminologists; and it is true that this can never be measured. But police officers on the streets in high-crime areas provide a deterrent to offenders and reassurance to the law-abiding majority. After all, the greatest deterrent is the prospect of getting caught in the act. It was telling that, on Thursday evening, protesters in Tottenham, north London, the scene of a recent fatal shooting, called for more police on the streets. There is a certain irony here, since activists in such areas complain about discriminatory and heavy-handed tactics, which led Theresa May when she was home secretary to urge police not to use stop-and-search powers so freely. This led to a significant reduction in the number of stops, which has coincided with the rise in violence. It is hard to take seriously the protestations of ministers that there is not cause and effect here. Even when the Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan – whose hapless response to the crime wave has been shameful – and Cressida Dick, the Met Police commissioner, both promised to increase stop and search, officers still feel constrained in using their powers. The greater use of body-mounted video cameras, which record the interactions of officers with suspects, is intended to encourage police to use stop and search without feeling they are having to watch out for a disapproving tut-tut from a virtue-signalling politician or human-rights lawyer. It is completely wrong to pick on people because of their colour. It is irresponsible to hamper the use of a critical crime-fighting power so that politicians can burnish their liberal credentials. On Monday, Amber Rudd, the Home Secretary, will publish the Government’s new “violent crime strategy”. What will it contain of any practical use? Many chief officers say they are hamstrung by budget cuts, and it is true that the number of officers has declined. There is a case to be made for more money for police patrols, not least when the budget for overseas aid has doubled in a decade – a set of national priorities that most voters find hard to understand. But if funding is to be increased, it must be used in the way that taxpayers want: for serious offences such as burglary to be properly investigated; for victims not to be treated as criminals; and for more police officers to be deployed routinely on the streets. That is a strategy the country could support. Churchill’s butterflies W inston Churchill wrote to his mother: “I am never at a loss to do anything while I am in the country for I shall be occupied with butterflying all day.” He was 12 then, but kept up his lepidopteral interests through his years of action in Sudan, the North-West Frontier and South Africa. His attempt in the Forties to bring back the black-veined white, absent from England since the Twenties, ended in something of a farce when his gardener at Chartwell removed and burnt in error the muslin bags with promising caterpillars attached to hawthorn foliage. Churchill had rival concerns to attend to in those years, but now a project has been hatched at Southampton University that could see black-veined whites from France raised on English thorn bushes. They’re pretty creatures. Churchill would be pleased. We accept letters by post, fax and email only. Please include name, address, work and home telephone numbers. 111 Buckingham Palace Road, London SW1W 0DT FAX 020 7931 2878 EMAIL dtletters@ telegraph.co.uk FOLLOW Telegraph Letters on Twitter @LettersDesk SIR – David Lammy MP appears to have criticised the police by saying that if the dreadful murders in his constituency had occurred in the shires they “would be all over it”. The question he should be asking is why gun and knife crime is endemic in certain parts of London but not in the SIR – Philip Hammond, the Chancellor, claims that this week’s increase in personal allowance means that everyone will pay less income tax (report, April 6). This may be true for those with earnings and no savings income. The £70 benefit will be negated should an individual be in receipt of dividends in excess of £2,350, because yesterday saw a reduction in the dividend allowance. It brought down the amount of dividends that one may receive tax-free from £5,000 to £2,000. The yield on the FTSE 100, as shown in your business pages, is 4.02 per cent. This means that the dividends on a relatively modest FTSE 100 portfolio of £58,457 will be enough to wipe out the increase in personal allowances. Of course, the reason this allowance was reduced was to catch small business owners who pay themselves dividends rather than salary. So much for “putting more into working people’s pockets”, as Mr Hammond claims. Denese Molyneux Sidmouth, Devon shires. He should look at the culture of his own constituents before knocking the police. Malcolm Allen Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire SIR – Whether or not we need more policemen on the beat in London boroughs beset by knife and gun crime, it might be better if there were more fathers around. John Brownjohn Sherborne, Dorset SIR – My wife and I were once attacked by four masked men in our house in France. We reacted with such ferocity that we repelled the intruders. The point is that, confronted with such unusual circumstances, one never knows how one will react. Had I found a knife, I think matters would have turned very ugly. Fortunately the only weapons I could find on the spur of the moment were two tins of paint. Peter Horwood Heathfield, East Sussex Sugar tax attacks SIR – The effective tax rate of 62 per cent at the £100,000 income level is having a massive effect on productivity and tax take. I suggest Mr Hammond revisits the removal of the personal allowance at £100,000 as soon as possible. I know numerous people who are spending more time with their family rather than working as a result of this change. M H Symonds Lymm, Cheshire SIR – Forty-eight years ago, your newspaper kindly published a letter from me suggesting a tax on confectionery and carbonated drinks. My suggestion was followed up on your women’s page, where I was criticised for seeking to deprive children of the pleasure of eating and drinking sugary products. I also wrote to every Chancellor of the Exchequer, from Iain Macleod to Gordon Brown, only to receive a letter saying that the then government had no plans to introduce a sugar tax. So I gave up. Now that this Government has taken the first step towards this tax, it, too, is being criticised, for penalising poor children (report, April 6). Hew Goldingham St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex Civil servants’ Brexit BRIDGEMANIMAGES.COM ESTABLISHED 1855 SIR – On Thursday five London teenagers were wounded by knives. The appalling fact is that this is not unusual. Am I alone in seeing a correlation between the growth of knife crime and the demise of police powers to stop and search, with only the suspicion of an offence as justification? Is it not tragically ironic that the communities that were foremost in opposing these powers are now those most affected by the current malaise? Police powers to enforce the law have too often been attenuated by the path to social acceptance chosen by their leaders. Stuart Ashton Whitley Bay, Northumberland London Conservatives You may say I’m a dreamer: Vincent van Gogh’s Noon, or The Siesta (After Millet), 1890 SIR – The news that Conservative candidates in London are considering setting themselves up as a separate party based on the Scottish model (report, April 5) is disturbing. London cannot separate itself from England in the way that Scotland can. Nobody is likely to take the claims of a separate London Tory Party seriously. Besides, the Scottish Tories had it easy in the last general election. Their literature focused almost entirely on the threat from the Scottish National Party of a second independence referendum. Today, with that threat receding and the betrayal of Scottish fishermen in the Brexit negotiations, the Scottish Conservative leader Ruth Davidson is set to lose many seats at Westminster to the SNP at the next election, according to opinion polls. Should she flee to Westminster, Ms Davidson would be a disaster if ever elected Tory party leader: a ferocious Remainer and a supporter of increasing immigration, she would quickly split the party, which today needs a convinced Brexiteer to lead it. Professor Alan Sked London School of Economics London WC2 Joint ownership SIR – The obituary of Ronnie Frost, the poultry trader and chairman of the business services group Hays (March 21), mentions that he mounted his spare titanium hip on the dashboard of his Range Rover. I keep one in the cutlery drawer – it’s ideal for softening up tough steaks. Suzy Brooke-Jones Guildford, Surrey Sweet dreams of triumph in one’s chosen field SIR – I learnt, by heart, the second movement of Mozart’s 18th piano concerto for my own satisfaction. One night, in a dream (Letters, April 6), I played it with full orchestra in front of an audience. I woke to rapturous applause. It was wonderful. Timothy Sharp Wooler, Northumberland SIR – Last night I dreamt that there was not a single mention of Brexit either in the papers or on the radio. Please don’t wake me up. Richard Beaugie Ashford, Kent SIR – Six words that you will never hear are: “Do tell us about your dream.” Audrey Lindsay Over Peover, Cheshire SIR – Speaking on behalf of the FDA, the top civil servants’ union, Victoria Taylor insists that her members have delivered a faultless performance on Brexit (Letters, April 6). She claims they have demonstrated the utmost “commitment and skill” to prepare for the “best possible outcome” and that every failing is down to politicians, whereas her “talented” members have alone performed “remarkable feats”. The impression that sometimes emerges can look a little less accommodating towards the nation’s Brexit vote, with seemingly all top civil servants having enthusiastically supported Remain. Olly Robbins and Sir Jeremy Heywood in particular appear to have steered a weak Prime Minister towards a perfect Brexit storm of one-sided concessions, appeasement, backsliding and the surrender of tens of billions in payola. Martin Burgess Beckenham, Kent You needn’t be a pianist to master the organ Unisex harmony SIR – As a 22-year-old organ scholar at Oxford University, I disagree with Richard Hubbard’s comment (report, April 2) that you normally need to have Grade 5 piano to start on the organ. Any professional organist knows that the piano and organ are fundamentally different instruments. An organ, for example, has a keyboard played with the feet. I have never had a single piano lesson and passed Grade 8 organ with distinction in less than three years. Most “church organists” I have come across turned out to be pianists with no idea what they were doing at an organ bench. It’s no surprise that many churches prefer backing tapes. Benjamin Maton Senior Organ Scholar St Peter’s College, Oxford SIR – Following the forced re-branding of the Derbyshire Constabulary Male Voice Choir (Letters, April 6), will barbershop quartets now have to become hair-salon quartets? Michael Keene Winchester, Hampshire SIR – Contrary to the impression given by previous correspondents (Letters, April 3), the Royal College of Organists is heavily involved in work around the country to attract new people to the organ and to raise the standard of organ-playing at all levels. Your readers may wish to visit the college’s website for more information. Martin Baker President, Royal College of Organists New Milton, Hampshire SIR – I will be 74 on Sunday and I had my first organ lesson last Tuesday. My only qualification is Grade 1 piano, taken 64 years ago. Tanya Garstone Cricklade, Wiltshire SIR – On Christmas Day, we attended a service in a North Shields church where the accompaniment to the carols was pre-recorded. To paraphrase Eric Morecambe, the recordings had all the right notes, but pieces were not necessarily played in the same order as the service sheet. Malcolm Macdonald Whitley Bay, Northumberland Rubbish architecture SIR – Your correspondent Karen Gallagher (Letters, April 4) asks why new-build houses tend not to include back doors. The reason is simple: the houses are designed by men more interested in the visual wow factor than in practical living accommodation. My wife and I have been looking at new-build houses. My first question to the sale agent is: “Where do I keep my wheelie bin?” I have never actually had an answer. Roger W Powell Hadzor, Worcestershire Corbyn’s French-style train plan will hit the buffers JULIET SAMUEL MUEL NOTEBOOK T o the barricades, comrades! Or at least, to the coffee machines! It’s time for a proper French strike. Rail unions have decided to shut down a large part of France’s rail network for two out of every five days for the next three months, unless President Emmanuel Macron backs down on a plan to cut costs at the state-owned rail company, SNCF. It’s hard not to dislike the smarmy, smug French president, but he does finally seem ready for his “Thatcher moment”. His attempt to get a grip on costs at the monopolistic, state-owned French railways is long overdue. He knows that they aren’t ready to compete with private and foreign operators who, thanks to EU law, must soon be allowed to bid for contracts to run parts of the network. Per kilometre travelled, France has the second-highest rail costs in Europe, according to EU figures. French passengers pay a little less than in the UK, but the state pays a vast amount more. The operating cost of French rail comes out at €60 per kilometre, versus a European average of €30. British services, for all our moaning, are just under the average and a large portion of the spending goes on infrastructure maintenance and investment. SNCF is a heavy and growing user of taxpayers’ money. Its total subsidy has risen by 80 per cent in nine years. Payments to pension-holders alone, who number nearly double its current employee headcount, cost £3.5 billion a year. Its 260,000 staff benefit from jobs for life, retirement at 50 or 55, and free travel for “family members”, which in practice extends from grandparents to the milkman. This is precisely the sort of system that Jeremy Corbyn wants to replicate here. Under his rail renationalisation plan, in which private companies would be banned from bidding for new franchises after theirs expire, the whole system would revert to being a state-run monopoly. This, the Labour leader claims, rather incredibly, will save so much money that he’ll be able to cut fares, increase investment and be more generous to railway employees. SNCF has achieved only one of those aims (no prizes for guessing which) and the cost to taxpayers has been enormous. There’s just one problem with Mr Corbyn’s plan: it wouldn’t be allowed under EU rules. Pro-market, pro-Brexit Tories are in the rather odd position of hoping that, if Mr Corbyn wins power, our government will still be subject to constraints imposed by Brussels. Indeed, the Government has already signalled that it is willing to sign up to the EU’s competition regime, which would make Labour’s plans rather difficult. The EU won’t actually stop Mr Corbyn from nationalising assets such as rail, water and utilities – but it will stop him from shelling out unlimited subsidies and monopoly contracts. This raises the bizarre prospect that a Labour government could spend a fortune re-establishing state monopolies and then find itself obliged to open them up to private and foreign competition. And then, who knows? Maybe a revamped SNCF under Mr Macron will be in pole position to bid for contracts. British railways are taking cues from France in other ways. For 12 years, passengers have flocked to the North Yorkshire Moors Railway to experience a full-on re-enactment of Nazi-occupied France. But it’s all to be stopped, after some bad publicity made the charity in charge worried about “causing offence”. It’s a serious matter to put on a wartime uniform and start screaming in German at families on a day out. Re-enactments ought to observe basic standards of decency – dressing up as genocide victims, for example, is most definitely out. But done sensitively, re-enactment is a perfectly respectable way of educating people about history, much of which is not pleasant. If the railway is now looking for another train-friendly re-enactment to stage, perhaps they could do that scene with the guy on a horse chasing a train in Back to the Future, or something from Hitchcock’s The Lady Vanishes. These, at least, will offend no one. They’ll also educate no one. On the way up to Bakewell yesterday, to record BBC Radio 4’s Any Questions, I found the train rocking back and forth around corners like a drunk in a cradle. The East Midlands service is fast and clean, but by God those swaying trains make you feel ill. The advice on fighting off car-sickness is to look out the window into the distance, but trains are different. Because they lurch at an angle to the Earth, looking at the horizon doesn’t help – it’s constantly moving. Instead, you’re meant to keep your eyes off the landscape outside and look only at objects inside the carriage. As if we need another reason to become phone-addicted zombies. I’ve noticed that I’m guilty of another bad phone habit: information overload. A few days ago, I pressed some button or other and was suddenly confronted with an option: “Close 497 tabs?” the phone asked. In the course of many months’ clicking, I had opened 497 pages and, having not finished reading, left them open. They ranged from achingly long American magazine features to booking websites for English cottages, to a short video of two chickens breaking up a fight between some rabbits. Rather aghast at this testimony to my scattered mind, I boldly chose “yes”, and thus ended my desperate attempt to hold on to 497 half-read stories. My phone and my mind felt cleansed, renewed. Not long later, I dropped my phone in the sink and it stopped working. FOLLOW Juliet Samuel on Twitter @CitySamuel; READ MORE at telegraph.co.uk/opinion 18 *** Saturday 7 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph NEWS REVIEW FEATURES *** The Daily Telegraph Saturday 7 April 2018 19 Lucy Man Mangan The troub trouble with wome women and Page 21 money Pag ‘Parents are overprotective and have turned the countryside into a dark, dirty place’ FASHION FIRST PERSON Kit Hesketh-Harvey It’s high time Cambridge Footlights moved on Page 20 CHRISTOPHER PLEDGER; GETTY IMAGES Lisa Armstrong Should you wear a trouser suit to a wedding? Page 22 Packham style: siblings Chris and Jenny. Below, the Duchess of Cambridge wears a Jenny Packham evening gown The Packhams will dress you now... INTERVIEW Frank Gardner ‘The abuse of disabled parking spaces is rife’ Page 25 After following different careers, naturalist Chris has joined ned his sister Jenny in the fashion world, they tell Elizabeth Day ay T he fashion designer Jenny Packham was about five years old when her brother, Chris, made her eat a tadpole. “I have a very clear memory of the texture in my mouth,” she says now, some 50 years later, when we meet in a central London hotel. “But maybe I blocked out the memory of swallowing it. I had that uneasy feeling of something happening that I was not that happy with.” She laughs. Chris, the older by four years, is sitting opposite her – but refusing to admit his guilt. Still, he is not explicitly denying it either. He was always fascinated by wildlife, Jenny says, and growing up in Hampshire, they would spend a lot of time outdoors “waiting for Chris to climb up trees and look into birds’ nests”. Chris, now 56, went on to become one of Britain’s most respected natural history television presenters, making his name on the children’s programme The Really Wild Show in the Eighties before going on to present Springwatch, where he has been at the helm since 2009. Jenny, 53, is now a highly acclaimed designer who specialises in bridalwear and whose clients include Angelina Jolie and Keira Knightley. The Duchess of Cambridge mbridge m on both wore Jenny Packham occasions when she left St. Mary’s Hospital afterr giving n and is a birth to her children fan of her evening wear. Will the Duchess be wearing one afterr mber delivering child number three later this month? “I don’t talk about the Duchess of Cambridge, I’m afraid,” Jenny says apologetically. “Anything I say gets me into trouble.” han Markle – is What about Meghan there any truth in the rumours m that Packham might be w designing her wedding dress? ide what Meghan “No! I’ve no idea will wear, which makes it sort of exciting,” she says. “I’d love gro it to be ground-breaking. assu And I assume it will be a British de British designer.” But, un unusually, we ac are not actually here to talk not about Jenny’s dresses – but rather Chris’s first foray into fa fashion. He has just de designed a new range for Cotswold Outd Outdoor, specifically n for naturalists like him whose idea of a good time is traips traipsing through fie soggy fields, picking up badger sskulls and bird feathers feathers. th end, there are To this po “wet pockets” in each jacket, which can be remov and washed removed tha parents don’t so that t complain have to about “the smell of rotten fox” lingering th little on their darli darlings’ anoraks. U Until now, Chris says outdoor says, clot clothing has bee stuck in a been rut made in naff rut, colours and uncomfortable material. “When my step-daughter Megan was about 12 [Packham has been in a relationship with Charlotte Corney, the owner of the Isle of Wight zoo for more than a decade], we had a terrible job getting her into outdoor wear. She didn’t like the colours or the fabric so she’d go out in a normal coat and get soaked.” With this in mind, the linings of the children’s jackets are patterned with the footprints of various mammals and birds in order to help with identification, and there are no Velcro fastenings because the sound of it being ripped can scare animals off. (Megan, now aged 22, approves.) Chris is passionate about the need to get more youngsters into the countryside. Although his own childhood was full of yomping about in wellies, he worries this is getting lost in the age of the smartphone. “I have an enduring and expanding concern that children aren’t accessing the natural environment,” he says. “They don’t go out and their parents don’t take them. I think parents are overprotective and have turned the countryside into a dark, dirty place. “We’re preoccupied with hygiene and we think the countryside is full of people who wish to do us harm. “There are time issues when it comes to taking children out, too – if both parents are working long hours, Continued on Page 20 20 *** Saturday 7 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph FEATURES ‘I fear for the future of Footlights’ Staying ‘pale, male and stale’ is killing the Cambridge comedy society, says alumnus Kit Hesketh-Harvey F rom Peter Cook to Dudley Moore; John Cleese and the rest of the Pythons; the Not the Nine O’Clock News lot; Fry and Laurie, and later Mel and Sue – the Cambridge Footlights has been the lifeblood of British comedy for decades. The dominance of alumni from the university’s prestigious comedy society, both in front of the camera and behind, has never really abated. I was there from 1976-79, with great talents like Stephen Fry, Hugh Laurie and Emma Thompson, as well as Griff Rhys Jones, Nick Hytner, Jimmy Mulville and Rory McGrath. In my entirely biased opinion, Footlights was truly at its storming best in the late Seventies. Of course, when you are living through a golden age, you rarely have any idea of it. But golden it certainly was. Now, though, I can see clearly that the THE LIFE IMAGES COLLECTION/GETTY IMAGES; MIRRORPIX Student fun: Kit Hesketh-Harvey, right, with his accompanist Richard Sisson Footlights of old has cast a very long shadow. It’s why the magnificent old institution has found itself in its current predicament. A row broke out this week when Ruby Keane, the president, resigned from her post in protest at the system for nominating new members and claiming a lack of opportunities for aspiring comedians from non-white backgrounds. She wrote in an open letter that the committee system (which sees current members choose new ones) seemed to be “left over from a time when there were only around 10 white men who did comedy in Cambridge”. The society, meanwhile, claims Ms Keane was “asked to resign”. Whatever the circumstances around her departure, her point is absolutely sound. Institutions can be great but they can also become trapped by their own nostalgia and smugness and unless they adapt, they die. While I was at Cambridge, it was conclusively proven for the first time that women could indeed be very, very funny. Watching Emma Thompson’s performances remain among some of my best memories of that time. She was revelatory and revolutionary, with her fantastic deadpan humour, and showed women could be screamingly funny without playing the men’s game. She (along with Sandi Toksvig and Jan Ravens) was a mould-breaker; before that, the Footlights had always been a place where white men were amusing about institutions of power – the Church, Parliament – which were also dominated by white men. The targets of their satire were predominantly masculine – and if a female part was required, someone would simply put on a dress. In fact, Footlights has always had a very long history of camp humour. We seemed to spend most of our time in frocks, having the most fantastic time. I have a very dear memory of dancing in drag with Stephen Fry, at one point or other. The truth is that there was a time and a place for that brand of comedy, and the world is very different now. That vein of humour endured for decades after the Pythons had left the university’s hallowed halls. Its trouble, I think, has always been that every generation since Peter Cook has tried, through its comedy, to hark back to a time that has passed. Rather than move with the times, callow undergraduates have worshipped their heroes; tending to imitate rather than revolutionise. Cambridge is so cloistered and introspective, it takes a while for the outside world to filter in. It sends its alumni out to change the world, but it takes Cambridge a while to cotton on to what the world is actually doing. In the late Seventies, due to the history of endowments and links to public schools, it was still a pretty masculine set-up. The dons were predominantly men and certainly all white. Thankfully, these bastions eventually began to crumble, but it has taken an awfully long time for them to be shaken off completely. Indeed, if this week’s row is anything to go by, they are still yet to be shaken entirely. You see that not just within the Cambridge cloisters, but in comedy in general. You have only to turn on the television to see that it is still as male, pale and stale as ever. Why? Partly because the graduates of places like the Footlights go on to become the commissioning editors. But if TV networks are still getting it ‘If a female part was required for a sketch, a man would simply put on a dress’ Up in lights: Emma Thompson (below), Hugh Laurie and Stephen Fry (above). Left: former Footlights president Ruby Keane wrong when it comes to diversity, shouldn’t it be down to the next generation of students coming through to bring about real change? It is sometimes difficult to acknowledge while you’re there, having the three best years of your life, that the world outside bears little relation to the one you are briefly inhabiting. Perhaps Cambridge is just too beautiful and beguiling when you’re in it; I imagine it’s easy to kid yourself that as a member of the Footlights you are supposed to be continuing this long tradition of Great British Humour. But you can only ever do great comedy when you are also being truthful, relevant and different. In the old days, you had Dudley Moore who was a brilliant pianist, Peter Cook who was camp and languid, Alan Bennett who was, well, Alan Bennett – whimsical and northern. It was the variation in their personalities and backgrounds that made them funny, and they were still all white men. If, in 2018, an institution like the Footlights allows itself to pose barriers to women and ethnic minorities, it is missing a huge comic trick. There is absolutely no question that anyone can be funny. So it must evolve or risk vanishing into its own gravy, with the fat congealing on the top. As told to Eleanor Steafel CONTINUED FROM PAGE 19 when can they do it? School visits don’t happen like they used to, partly because health and safety regulations are another thing for teachers to get through. There’s a plethora of reasons.” He recently met some biology undergraduates “and they can’t tell a songthrush from a starling”. He gives a sad little shake of the head, “or an oak tree from an ash tree.” The two Packham siblings have long shared a love both of nature and the sartorial. Jenny sewed her first garment at the age of eight – a navy blue corduroy skirt, although she cut the material the wrong way so that one panel was distinctly lighter than the others. Chris became a punk in his twenties and would save up for individual items of clothing. He speaks longingly of a cashmere John Paul Gaultier coat he bought in Paris in the Eighties, the hem of which got burned on a two-bar fire. His own aesthetic is informed by the fact that he has Asperger’s – a condition he was diagnosed with in 2005 and which he has spoken openly about in the past, both in an acclaimed BBC documentary and his memoir, Fingers in the Sparkle Jar. “I look at things in intense detail and take it in very quickly,” Chris explains. “My world is a lot more visually detailed and I have an ability to recall that detail… so I see if pockets aren’t in line or the balance of a garment doesn’t work in terms of size or shape. It’s more comfortable for me if things are symmetrical and in harmony.” One of the first things Chris did before sitting down for our interview was to identify that all the paintings in the hotel drawing room were hung on a slight slant. He notices everything and stores the information – often for years. “I can remember lots of clothes I should have bought but didn’t – a brilliant pair of trousers from Brown’s on South Molton Street 15 years ago, for example,” he says. Jenny chimes BBC ‘I have always thought that Chris has the ability to change the world’ Packham and Michaela Strachan on Springwatch, watch, above, and Chris’s clothing range, right in: “Whereas I can remember all the clothes I shouldn’t have bought.” She laughs. The pair have a sweetly affectionate relationship. “I’m impressed and proud of him,” Jenny says. “His ability to go the extra mile and really confront difficult issues is quite incredible. th I have always thought, since Chris was very small, that he has the ch ability to change the world people perceptions of or people’s Speak it. Speaking openly about Aspe his Asperger’s, I think, bee very helpful. has been People can see that it’s t OK to talk about your menta mental health.” Chr still gets emails Chris from parents saying h has helped that he them understand thei autistic child, their and thinks it’s pos positive that more hig high-profile people, i l di members including of the Royal family, have started to op up about their mental health open iss issues in order to reduce the stigma su surrounding it. But, he adds, “We’ve still got a way to go. A lot of funding has been pulled ou of mental healthcare and services out are under enormous pressure. “Individuals with autism can be an enormously productive part of society. We need to get them into employment. I’m fortunate enough to have found a niche but there are lots of other people out there who are not as fortunate. I have a voice because of broadcasting and writing, and if you don’t use that voice for creative change, what’s the point?” As we draw the interview to a close, it strikes me that I have asked the wrong sibling about Meghan Markle’s wedding dress. Chris, after all, is the designer I’m meant to be interviewing. Might he be in the running to design it? He grins. “Now, can you imagine?” He thinks about it for a few seconds. “If she’s going on a ramble on her honeymoon or visiting an RSPB reserve, she can come to me.” Chris Packham’s outdoor clothing range for men, women and children is exclusively available at Cotswold Outdoor stores throughout the UK and at cotswoldoutdoor.com *** The Daily Telegraph Saturday 7 April 2018 ucy angan Read more telegraph.co.uk/opinion Twitter @LucyMangan Bryony Gordon is away o be clear. I am very much up for gender pay T equality. The more revealing reports, the better. But there are other things needed too in the push for parity – salary differentials are the final stage of a filtering process that needs to be tackled long before that point. What gets overlooked in the rush to tackle the tangible and easily measured bits of financial inequality is how differently men and women (or boys and girls) are brought up to consider the world of money. My parents opened my first bank account for me when I was six. They put in five pounds and in return I got a green money box that sorted coins into their different categories as they rolled down the slope at the top. All being well, I saw how every tower of coins cupped in its respective semi-circular groove would rise to the top unhindered by the need for withdrawal. If one lived within one’s means – which at this point meant nine pence every Thursday to keep up with Nurse Nancy’s tribulations in my weekly Twinkle comic and five pence-worth of cola bottles – one could deposit the towers at the bank in full, against the day when one no longer had any means at all. The inaugural hit of dopamine to my preternaturally pessimistic juvenile system provided by this realisation has yet to be surpassed. I was reborn. And also, in ways I was not to appreciate for many years, unsexed. It sparked, you see, a strong and enduring interest in my finances and in money generally – what it could be used for, what could be done with it, how you could make more of it. My father, as pathological a saver as my mother but with more time on his hands to spell out nebulous concepts to his daughters, explained interest to me. “If you give me a pound,” he said, “I will use it for a month as part of my money and then give it back to you with an extra 10p.” I did, and he did – a rate of return, incidentally, that I have never bettered. But as my savings accrued, so did the disapproval. Not from my family, obviously, but from the world at large. Just like they weren’t supposed to be interested in football, physics or getting a decent job, girls weren’t supposed to be interested in money. Money, of course, is power. The disparity between men and women’s relationship with We internalise the belief that money isn’t our business money could be seen in the reactions to the end of child benefit for those earning over a certain substantial amount. Among the relatively well-educated, high-earning (before they took maternity leave and/or became stayat-home mothers) and, we might assume, empowered women, two astonishing notes of panic were sounded. First, that child benefit was the only money that was “theirs” – their husbands’ income apparently conceptualised as something he doled out portions of to his wife and any children she had. And second, that it was the only money they didn’t feel guilty about spending on coffee or wine with friends. I have not time nor patience to unpick all that is entangled in that little psychical ball. Suffice to say that it is not easy to envisage the same reaction from men. We internalise the unspoken but pervasive belief that money is not really a women’s business. And of course there is a small part of the brain that we don’t talk about at feminist parties: a certain attraction to the idea that we won’t have to take full financial responsibility for ourselves because a knight on a fully-diversified portfolio will, eventually, save us. Notwithstanding efforts on the part of websites such as Holly Mackay’s BoringMoney. co.uk to make matters more accessible to beginners (among whom women are disproportionately numbered), on the most part, those who might be expected to want to entice us to take an interest in financial matters… do not. Adverts for investment services are not designed to appeal to a wide demographic. They’re mostly men in kayaks, navigating rapids. I don’t know why kayaks are such a big thing in finance – is everyone invested in Big Paddle? – but they are. The language used around the subject is equally alienating. As the campaign by Starling Bank, #MakeMoneyEqual, pointed out, 65 per cent of financial writing aimed at women defines them as “splurgers” – excessive spenders who need to “cut back on coffees” in order to “save for those Louboutins”. Meanwhile, 70 per cent of articles on money in men’s magazines make it clear that financial success makes them more of a man. All these factors help impoverish women literally and metaphorically. We need access not just to money but the knowledge that tells us what can be done with it. The cost otherwise is too high. EROTEME The gender pay gap probably begins with that first piggy bank Why Meryl Streep will always be the mistress of method I n an everchanging world, it is good to know that some things remain constant. In this particular case, Streep’s Law – which states that whenever a prestige project goes into production, Meryl shall have first dibs on the age-appropriate part of her choice. And lo, it has come to pass! This is the first sight of Streep on the set of Big Little Lies, which has just started filming series two. She plays Nicole Kidman’s mother-in-law who comes to stay after Kidman’s (abusive) husband was killed, as she is “concerned” about the welfare of her grandchildren. Does she know about her son’s violence? Would Meryl-in-law: with Nicole Kidman, and Cameron and Nicholas Crovetti, in Big Little Lies season two you trust her? Does she trust Nicole? Does she have a suitcase big enough to pack two grandsons into and a one-way ticket to Canada? WE KNOW NOT. But whatever happens, gird your loins, viewers – ’cos though there’s no news yet on the accent, that’s a method wig and you’re about to see how real acting is done. What could be nicer than a portable ‘throne’? I had hailed him as a hero but like most heroes, he has turned out to have feet of clay. I am distraught at the news that the Prince of Wales has disavowed the claim in a recent biography that he takes his own loo seat with him wherever he travels. “My own what?” he replied when asked about the rumour by a radio presenter during his tour of Australia. “Oh, don’t believe all that c---!” Whaaaat? I thought I had found my figurehead. I thought we all had. Because really – for whom is travelling with one’s own loo seatt not the dream? If I had the power, if I were g – or literally king would one day be – you’d betterr be re the damned sure first thing I would command hat would be that my own “throne” became my r: Seat of power: es Prince Charles mour debunked rumour constant comp companion on all state (and hell, ju to be private too, just on the safe si side) visits. acc Having access to your own loo is d the difference betw between livi and living me merely exi existing. On with Only – in – your ow can own, you truly relax It is relax. balm ffor the t soul, too, as we as as well everywhere else. Who hasn’t known their greatest peace, thought their profoundest thoughts and experienced moments of greatest satisfaction in the private sanctuary of their home water closet? I suspect the denial was issued out of a desire not to seem out of touch with the common man. When in truth, nothing could forge a greater bond. Beneath the skin, we are all the same. We all just want a sturdy lock on the door, a trusted place to rest our weary seats, and a minute’s peace. 21 *** Saturday 7 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph isa �rmstrong Online telegraph.co.uk/fashion Twitter @LisaDoesFashion Instagram @MissLisaArmstrong Can you really wear a trouser suit to a wedding? he trouser rouser suit, it’s fair to say, is having T oment. If a moment. ve always you’ve mpioned championed e for your them (wearing one oss says job because your boss you have to doesn’tt count) ur eyes, and are rolling your stop now, because you een probably haven’t been wearing the kind off trouser suits in the sort of shades I’m talking about. The 2018 trouserr suit ptions: from comes in myriad options: pastels and brightss to pops of g or toning neon, with clashing sh polka trims, in discreet-ish ades dots (playful), brocades sham (for that Miss Havisham meets Prince look) and lish florals (the non-girlish rs). It way to wear flowers). ks. also comes in checks. Lots and lots and lots of checks. Yes, you’re thinking, but who’s actually going to wear them? We are. I write as someone who has e been observing the trouser suit warily for a couple of years now, as it trudged its way from pipe dream to serious contender. Watching, but not Right, Yasmin Le Bon in tailored jacket, £399, and trousers, £249 (winserlondon.. com) Check it out: Holly Russell and Elizabeth von der Goltz, buyers at Net-A-Porter, are among the lovers of the checked trouser suit. Holly wears a Petar Petrov gingham wool suit (blazer £950, trousers, £575) and Elizabeth wears Gabriela Hearst checked wool suit (blazer, £1,650, trousers, £950, all net-a-porter. com) Left, jacqua jacquard blazer, £69.99, and trousers, tro £29.99 (za (zara.com) actually wear wearing, except, occasionally, in the evening. It’s odd because I love jackets. beca I love trousers. trous Katharine Hepburn, L Lauren Bacall and Phoebe Philo Ph are up there on my sty style goddesses list. By m most algorithms, I qualify as an ideal trouser suit customer. The tthing is, until recentl recently, matching trouser suits tended to com come only in black, navy or white. As far as trous trouser suits were concern concerned, we were living in the Peo People’s Republic of Limited O Options. That sai said, in smart evening-a evening-appropriate fabrics, I found th them perfect for events tha that require some polish and signs of effort, without b being remotely high main maintenance. No betweenbetween-leg-waxingappointm appointments issues. No dithering over tights. Just add jewel jewelled shoes, major earrings, good hair – and in the cas case of the white one, mate mates’ rates at your dry clean cleaners. Actually, now I think ab about it, a white one is qu quite demanding, especiall especially if you don’t feel you’re at your fighting weight. But it doesn’t look e effortful or fussy, and tthat’s often half the the style battle. D Daytime trouser suits, on the other hand, seemed high maintenance (what to wear underneath?) and also either too formal, too corporate, or just a bit much. Even when I bought a velvet one I ended up wearing the Blazer, £179, and trousers, £99.95 (massimodutti. com) DAN ROBERTS 22 jacket and the trousers to death – but never together as a suit, not during the day. (Note to self: velvet trousers have a much shorter life expectancy than any other kind. It’s the knees – they can’t take the pace.) With all the patterns, colours and different silhouettes now on offer, this is the year it really will be fine to wear one to all those dos you’ve always wanted to, but chickened out because you worried it might give The Great Aunts heart attacks. It’s a big investment though, so needs to be thoroughly thought through. Colour’s a key consideration. Pastels might make a trouser suit feel more special than a dark colour, especially if you’re planning to wear it to a summer wedding, but could also limit its afterlife. A more versatile choice could be a suit in one of those inbetween hues – petrol, teal, sea green. If you’re set on grey or navy, look for luxurious fabrications. You could even risk a subtle sheen (Gabriela Hearst has several options, with top-end prices). You can always pimp your jacket with a cluster of brooches, some feathers (Christopher Kane’s comes ready-mixed) or a corsage – either silk, velvet or real. I love the satin roses in various hues from Alex Eagle, from £10 (alexeagle.co.uk). Good trouser suit fabrics should have some drape, a little give (but very little stretch; no sausage legs please), be light to midweight and stant. crease-resistant. Paul Smith’ss A vel Suit To Travel In delivers on its promise, ng despite being 100 per cent wool – something to do with a high-twistt n construction (from £440 for 40 a blazer, £240 s, for trousers, com), paulsmith.com), and for the quality is excellent value. rrow It has narrow orks lapels, so works mmer best on slimmer frames. An der angular, wider erally lapel is generally good on all shapes and, I think,, looks ove it dressier. I love when lapel tips ops of graze the tops ers: the shoulders: shades of £36 to make clothes othes look like new C an I make one thing clear before we proceed? I am not a gadget nerd. Generally, I go out of my way to avoid gadget overload. Never use something connected to a plug when elbow grease will do, except when it comes to laptops (seriously, I couldn’t do this job with a fountain pen) and the Vitamix (you try making ice cream from scratch without a deep freeze). Everything else can take a leap. However, recently I’ve made an exception with the Steamery debobbler. The last time I bought one of these, things did not end well. After what initially seemed a satisfying evening restoring knitwear, I found I had a bunch of holey and ruined jumpers. Turned out the debobbler was a hooligan. I should have known from its whiny buzz and rackety steering (actually that bit could have been me, Pilo the fabric shaver, £36 (soda.shop) but it really wasn’t a very sophisticated piece of kit). This one is far more relaxing – and I’m not just saying that because I’ve discovered it’s Swedish. Superficially it’s all that I hate in a gadget, i.e. pink, albeit that fashionable, blush shade – and there’s a nonelectronic comb alternative. But this is so much better. It’s smooth to handle, pleasant to listen to – the debobbling equivalent of Kirsty Young. I’d go so far as to say it would #humblebrag Amara coat, £399, and dress, s, £299 (hobbs.co.uk) I f you’re seeking a sumptuous occasion outfit – here it is. Not cheap-cheap, but you get what you pay for in this department, and if you want a classic wedding/Ascot outfit in a nonsickly colour, here it is. It comes with a matching dress too. You can even get the same shade shoes in one shop, although that could be overload. rload. It’s selling ling out fast, however owever – a sign n that Hobbs has really got its act together er with occasionwear onwear this season. ason. masculine-feminine ambiguity, in a Helmut Newton way. Other factors are length: a jacket that brushes your lower thighs might seem tempting as camouflage, but if you’re short, it can make legs look stumpy. Better to draw the eye away from the thighs altogether by opting for a mid bottom, hip or even waist length. And trouser suit jackets don’t have to be blazers. They could be a cropped Chanel-esque jacket, or even a coat. What’s important is how it buttons up. I hardly ever wear shirts or blouses under jackets – it starts to look fussy and/or bulky, especially if you’re wearing a slim fit. A jacket that fastens high enough to wear nothing beneath is a more modern option. It’s also feminine and seductive without overdoing it. There seems to be a belief floating around that doublebreasted jackets don’t work with bigger boobs. I have seen evidence that conclusively disproves this. It depends on the tailoring. Blazé Milano’s jackets, often spotted on the front row, are cut loose and relatively straight, so they work on anyone, with one caveat: they’re quite long, so they’re not great if you’re under 5ft 6in. One idea worth borrowing from Blazé is the contrasting p , which make it easier to lapels, mix and match trousers yet still look coordinated. You could pull off a similar trick by changing the button buttons on a in suit to a different differ plain or ton ning ng colour, or replacing re toning them with jewelled ones. Trousers can be wan – apart whatever you want from bulky arou around Sa ties the waist. Sash idea Full are not ideal. length and flowing el can look elegant, requir heels but require or flatform flatforms. If opti you’re opting l for a slim leg, import it’s important to show som some ankle – it counte counteracts mascu any masculine overtones – and it showcase shoes, showcases thr which throws up the del delight of shoppin shopping for Ther are some. There gor so many gorgeous bo slingbacks, bows and embellish embellished pairs around – and a lot of them can look a bit mumsy w with calf length dre dresses. prob No such problem if you wear th them with trouser suits. On my wishl wishlist are Aquazzura’s black jewel buckl buckled mules whic which show bare foot off lots of b (£590, aquazzura. aqu com) – not very practical, but hell, the trouse trouser suit takes care of that. be impossible to make h holes in your clothes with it. I tried it on some precious yoga yog leggings – the ones that snag if you so much as rub them against the hard skin on your feet, so not actually any good for yoga. The debobbler did its thing beautifully. True, it’s £36, which is very steep, but it makes clothes look new. There must be some kind of financial equation which means that when you do the maths, it costs almost nothing. Steamery makes a travel steamer, too, also available on soda.shop (this is a brilliant website by the way, despite being full of gadgets, with a newsletter written by a former Sunday Times journalist that’s always about things you didn’t know but are glad you do now). In line with my gadget-phobia, I’ve never bothered with steamers, preferring to hang creased clothes in a hot shower when I unpack, even though sometimes they got a soaking in the bargain. Again, this is so, so much better. £100. Ouch, But if you travel often, cheaper than the hotel pressing service. There’s probably an equation for that, too. The Daily Telegraph Saturday 7 April 2018 *** 23 24 *** Saturday 7 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph *** The Daily Telegraph Saturday 7 April 2018 25 INTERVIEW ‘The abuse of blue badge parking is rife’ ‘I have not once seen anybody come out of a disabled parking spot who visibly needs it’ O ver the course of his almost 25-year career as a journalist and broadcaster, plus a few more as an intrepid amateur adventurer, BBC security correspondent Frank Gardner has visited 106 countries and counting. It’s a passion that’s seen him squint through desert winds in Afghanistan, risk frostbite in the Arctic, sleep under rainforest canopies in Papua New Guinea, and dodge deadly snakes in Panama. So, when it comes to travel, he says: “I’m used to taking the rough with the smooth.” Recently, though, his patience ran out – and he wasn’t even on foreign soil. Paralysed from the waist down after he was shot six times by a gang of al-Qaeda sympathisers in Saudi Arabia in 2004 (his friend, Simon Cumbers, died in the same attack), last month Gardner was left on an empty plane at Heathrow Airport after landing from Ethiopia, and forced to wait for 100 minutes while staff “located” his wheelchair. “I’ve got to say, I lost my rag and gave the ground staff a real b---------,” he says, when we meet over a mint tea at Broadcasting House in London. In his exact, officer-like BBC tones, hearing him say the B-word is odd, and the idea of him delivering one terrifying. “I said: ‘Look, it’s now 80 minutes’, then it was 90 minutes, then 95 minutes. It wasn’t their fault and the Ethiopian crew were as kind as they could be, but I had to raise my voice because it was unacceptable.” In the moment, Gardner vented his anger in a series of furious tweets, shared thousands of times. “I am so utterly sick of @HeathrowAirport ground staff ‘losing’ my wheelchair. When is UK’s premier airport going to stop treating disabled passengers this way?” he wrote to 82,000 followers, many of whom responded with similar horror stories. It was the “third or fourth” time he has posted complaints about disability access on planes at UK airports: “Believe me, I’m as bored of writing this as you are of reading it.” The 56-year-old’s ordeal forced Heathrow to publicly apologise, initially in a fairly abject statement (they were sorry “if ” the service “fell short” of their supposedly high standards), then via the airport’s CEO, John Holland-Kaye, who met with Gardner and introduced him to the Heathrow Access Advisory Group, a panel of seven people with first-hand experience of disabilities, to share his thoughts on what needs to be done. And, it seems, something finally is. First, Heathrow announced that, from this summer, they will make it policy for wheelchairs to be taken to the door of planes. Secondly, this week the Department for Transport said it will be considering a raft of measures to make flying less miserable for people of reduced mobility (PRM). “I don’t know if my tweets have set this off, but if the net result is ANDREW CROWLEY FOR THE TELEGRAPH; ANNA GOWTHORPE/PA ARCHIVE After another travelling nightmare, Frank Gardner tells Guy Kelly why change for disabled people is desperately needed that disabled travellers get a better deal, I’m delighted to have been a nuisance.” Last year, Sophia Warner, a Paralympian with cerebral palsy, was asked to prove her disability by airport staff who, according to Warner, said: “You look completely normal. Why do you need help?” There are a number of measures Gardner would like to see. At the moment wheelchair-users are almost always forced to put their chairs in the hold. And every time it goes in, it risks being misshapen or crushed. In 2010, Malaysian Airlines wrote off a £4,000 chair he’d saved for several years for. It was insured, but he only received £100 compensation. “This stuff isn’t baggage, it’s our legs,” he says. “I would like to see stiff penalties imposed for damage to chairs. A Fighting for change: Frank Gardner, main, was left on an empty plane for 100 minutes, far left, while airline staff tried to ‘locate’ his wheelchair; below, Sophia Warner, a Paralympic athlete buckled wheel is the equivalent of somebody taking an iron bar to your limbs. I would advise every PRM to refuse to get off the plane without your own wheelchair.” Once on the plane, via an airport wheelchair, short-haul flights do not tend to carry on-board “aisle chairs” for disabled passengers to move around. “That means you don’t go to the loo on a plane in Europe. So you either starve yourself, which is what I do, or risk having an accident. It’s demeaning and very uncomfortable. Going to the loo is a basic human right. Why have millions of people got to be denied that?” he says. “If you can get a pram into an overhead locker, you can get a folding aisle chair into one.” Things are rarely better long-haul, where the problem of lifts not turning own up to lower PRM down ded when steps are needed es. is one of many issues. nya Six years ago, Kenya ner he Airways told Gardner e himself ought to catheterise before flying. Only when he tracted complained and attracted ntion did British media attention they change their policy. e chair, If there is an aisle on the other hand, he is annibal “strapped in like Hannibal Lecter, and treated like an immobile lump of meat. I have full control of my orked hard upper body and worked ore body to bring back my core strength, so I don’t like being manising.” grabbed. It’s dehumanising.” ave been 14 years In June, it will have ers were attacked since he and Cumbers in Riyadh. Of the six shots fired at Gardner, four were at point-blank range. The bullets smashed into his spinal nerves, pelvis and abdomen. It took seven months and 14 operations before he was discharged. The first trip abroad as a wheelchair user, in April 2005, was to continue his recovery in Thailand. “It was depressing. I wasn’t even high enough to hand my passport to the bloke at the desk in Bangkok. I saw adverts for jungle treks I wanted to go on, then realised I no longer could,” he says, before perking up. “But you know what? You overcome, you adapt, you improvise.” Does he give the attack much thought these days? “No, only when I’m asked about it. Life moves on.” Life moves on, but not without change. When he left hospital, his occupational therapist took one look at his Edwardian terrace house in south London (“all vertical, all stairs”) and told him it won’t work. So the Gardner family – Amanda, his wife, and their two daughters – moved into an apartment with lifts and a couple of alterations to make wheelchair access easier. He learnt to drive without pedals in a day, and returned to work as soon as he could. “The BBC have been very good. There are some stories I’ve been unable to do, and that has been frustrating. Like the Arab Spring. As somebody who w speaks Arabic and lived in Egypt, to miss out on being in Tahrir Squar Square was hard, but there are riots, quic quick-moving crowds, and I accep accept that.” Has he seen progress when it comes to disability d access over the past 14 years? In a word, no. “There w was a blip for the 2012 Paralymp Paralympics, but I’m not sure the app appreciation of disabled athletes has translated. I’m sur sure there have been impro improvements, but have I seen any? Not really. “I drive every day in L London, and in 14 yea years of driving with aw wheelchair, I have no not once seen anybody com come out of a disabled parking sspot who visibly needs it. I accep accept there are hidden disabilitie disabilities, but the abuse of blue badge parking is rife.” When it c comes to travel, presumably iintelligent airports, airlines and staff will spot Gardner com coming next time. “Oh, I hope not. I absolutely do not want any special spe treatment over what all disab disabled people get. If I get good treatment, I want it across the board. They all need to rais need to raise their game.” OS *** Saturday 7 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph Court & Social Court Circular CLARENCE HOUSE April 6th The Prince of Wales this morning visited the Bundaberg Rum Distillery, Hills Street, Bundaberg, Queensland, Australia, and afterwards joined a Community Celebration in Bundaberg. His Royal Highness, President, The Prince’s Trust Group, this afternoon attended a Great Barrier Reef Meeting at Lady Elliot Island. The Prince of Wales this evening attended a Reception at Government House, Brisbane, given by the Governor of Queensland and Mrs De Jersey. The Duchess of Cornwall this morning visited Orange Sky Australia, OzHarvest and Mobile Healthcare at King George Square, Brisbane. Her Royal Highness, President, the Southbank Centre’s Women of the World Festival, later attended a Reception at the Brisbane Powerhouse given by Women of the World. The Duchess of Cornwall this afternoon departed Brisbane International Airport for the United Kingdom. KENSINGTON PALACE April 6th Prince Henry of Wales, Patron, Invictus Games Foundation, today visited the Invictus Games Sydney United Kingdom team trials at the University of Bath Sports Training Village, Claverton Down, Bath, and was received by Her Majesty’s Lord-Lieutenant of Somerset (Mrs Richard Maw). BUCKINGHAM PALACE April 6th The Earl of Wessex this morning arrived in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. His Royal Highness, Chairman of the Board of Trustees, The Duke of Edinburgh’s International Award Foundation, today undertook the following engagements in Melbourne. The Earl of Wessex this morning attended a Reception at Government House for young people who have achieved the Gold Standard in The Duke of Edinburgh’s Award and was received by the Governor of Victoria (the Hon Linda Dessau). His Royal Highness this afternoon attended a Luncheon at the Australia Club, 110 William Street. The Earl of Wessex this evening attended a Dinner at the Park Hyatt Melbourne, 1 Parliament Square. BUCKINGHAM PALACE April 6th The Princess Royal this morning Mr A.D. Gibson-Watt and Miss C.L. Tyson The engagement is announced between Anthony, son of the Hon and Mrs Robin Gibson-Watt, of Llanyre, Powys, and Charlotte, daughter of Mr and Mrs Graham Tyson, of St Minver, north Cornwall. opened the Deveron Community and Sports Centre, Bellevue Road, Banff, and was received by Her Majesty’s Lord-Lieutenant of Banffshire (Mrs Oliver Russell). Her Royal Highness afterwards visited Duff House, Banff. The Princess Royal this afternoon opened the Macduff Community and Sports Centre, Macduff, Banffshire. Birthdays 8od(y: 3r Sir 8-r-nc- H(rri,on, former company chairman, is 85; Mr P(u) Kor()-k, architect, 85; Prof Sir Gr(-m- 3(vi-,, Vice-Chancellor of the University of London, 2003-2010, 81; Mr Fr(nci, Ford oppo)(, film director, 79; Mr 3(vid Moody, Lord-Lieutenant for South Yorkshire, 2004-15, 78; Mr 3-nni, 2mi,,, former England cricketer and administrator, 75; H-rr G-rh(rd Schröd-r, Chancellor of Germany, 1998-2005, 74; Sir M(r.yn L-wi,, broadcaster and journalist, 73; .h- 3uk- of L-in,.-r 70; Mr Luc( um(ni, racehorse trainer, 69; 3r H-)-n H(rv-y, Headmistress, St Swithun’s School, Winchester, 1995-2010, 68; Mr 8ony Li..)-, Head Master, Eton College, 2002-15, 64; Mr Ju,.ic- Know)-, 58; Mr Nick H-rb-r., MP, 55; Mr :u,,-)) row-, actor and producer, 54; 3r :ich(rd Kirby, marine plankton scientist, 53; and M(jor 8im P-(k-, astronaut, 46. 8omorrow: Mr Kofi 2nn(n, Secretary-General to the United Nations, 1997-2006, will be 80; Prof Sir John 2rbu.hno.., Principal and Vice-Chancellor of the University of Strathclyde, 1991-2000, 79; 3(m- Vivi-nn6-,.wood, fashion designer, 77; Sir John P(rk-r, Chairman, National Grid plc, 2002-12; President, Royal Academy of Engineering, 2011-14, 76; Prof hri, 5rr, printmaker, 75; .hMo,. :-v 3i(rmuid M(r.in, RC Archbishop of Dublin and Primate of Ireland, 73; Prof hri, :(p)-y, Director, Science Museum, 2007-10; Director, British Antarctic Survey 1998-2007, 71; B(ron-,, Young of 5)d Scon-, Chairman, Woodland Trust, 70; Sir 2)-x F-rgu,,on, Presiding Officer, Scottish Parliament, 2007-11, 69; Mr, P.E. 3(vi-,, Headmistress, Wycombe Abbey School, 1998-2008, 68; Mr 3(vid Pick(rd, Director, BBC Proms, 58; Mr Ev(n 3(vi,, economist and journalist; presenter, Newsnight, 56; and Mr 2)-c S.-w(r., former England cricket captain, 55. Today is the anniversary of the birth of William Wordsworth in 1770. Tomorrow will be the anniversary of the signature of the Entente Cordiale in 1904. It will also be the anniversary of the death in 2013 of Baroness Thatcher, Prime Minister from 1979 to 1990. Somerset Light Infantry (Prince Albert’s) Oﬃcers of the Somerset Light Infantry (Prince Albert’s) and their guests attended a Regimental Luncheon yesterday at the Mount Somerset Hotel, Taunton. Capt J.S.B. White presided. Online ref: 551958 Mr B.E. Burbridge and Miss V.R. Thyne The engagement is announced between Ben, son of Prof Peter and Dr Veronica Burbridge, and Virginia, daughter of the late Mr Willie Thyne and of Mrs Didi Vigors. Online ref: 551970 Mr H.D. Beaven and Miss H.D.R. Syers The engagement is announced between Henry Beaven, of Hastings, New Zealand, son of Mr Peter Beaven and Mrs Jane Beaven, and Henrietta, youngest daughter of Mr and Mrs Jeremy Syers, of Ashurst, Kent. Online ref: 551900 Mr W.E. Gibson and Ms S. Ní Riain The engagement is announced between William, elder son of Mr Tony Gibson, of Scarborough, North Yorkshire, and Mrs Jacky Bennett-Baggs, of Beverley, east Yorkshire, and Sorcha, elder daughter of Mr and Mrs Colm Ó Riain, of Monkstown, Co Cork. Online ref: 551796 The Broxhead Club The 41st annual dinner of the Broxhead Club (REME Reserve Officers’ Dining Club) was held last night in the Princess Marina Officers’ Mess, MoD Lyneham. Col (Retd) George Illingworth presided and the guests of honour were Col Ed Heal, Col Paul Johnson, Col Mark Simpson, Lt Col (Retd) Mike Tizard, Lt Col Mike Lewin and Major Andy Robertson. FI:S8 65:L3 62: LONDON, APRIL 1918 PALESTINE WAR. RAID ON HEDJAZ RAILWAY From W. T. Massey. Palestine Headquarters, March 31 (Delayed). General Allenby’s army forced the Turks out of Es Salt, most difficult of access; drove them down the mountain road towards the Hedjaz Railway, and, before their foot-weary infantry could rest, the Anzac cavalry and Imperial Camel Corps made them fight at Amman, an important railway centre. The Anzacs and Camel Corps, making a stupendous battle against nature, have performed a sterling military feat by blowing up the railway bridges and culverts north and south of Amman, destroying a considerable section of the line, and cutting off the enemy from communication with Medina. I cannot speak too highly of our troops operating east of the Jordan. They have had to manoeuvre in most difficult country, rendered almost inaccessible by a rainfall. 8h- on- .r(ck c())-d ( m-.())-d ro(d i, pr(c.ic())y imp(,,(b)for wh--),. 8h- m(,, of d--p, ,.icky mud w(, )-f. for .hinf(n.ry (nd .r(n,por., whi)- .h- c(v()ry w-n. ov-r moun.(in, ,o ,.--p .h(. .h-r- (r- f-w go(. (nd ,h--p .r(ck,. N-(r)y ()) .h- w(y .h- .roop-r, h(d .o di,moun. (nd pu)) .h-ir hor,-, (nd mu)-, b-hind .h-m. 8h-y pu,h-d forw(rd h--ding n-i.h-r .h- b(rri-r, which n(.ur- h(d -r-c.-d nor .h- h(rd,hip, -n.(i)-d by ( coun.ry in which .r(n,por. mu,. b- ,c(n.y (nd pr-c(riou,. 8h-,- f-))ow, wi.h n-rv-, of ,.--) p-rform-d ( r-m(rk(b)- (chi-v-m-n. during .h-ir d(,hing r(id, (nd, h(ving go. .o .h- H-dj(z :(i)w(y, .h-ir -ngin--r, m(d- .hmo,. of .h-ir oppor.uni.i-, .o d-,.roy impor.(n. por.ion,, whi)- .h- .roop-r, -ng(g-d .h- r-inforc-d 2mm(n g(rri,on. This campaigning in hilly country is a terribly arduous business, but no trials are too severe for our troops. Nothing has whetted their military appetite so much as the knowledge that German troops are in front of them. Not a few men belonging to the 703rd German infantry have been killed, and we have also taken many prisoners. The troops who have passed up the flower-strewn gorge to Es Salt, and those making the long, difficult ascents over the stony mountain sides have delivered the Turk a much heavier blew than is indicated by the capture of over 700 prisoners. HOW ES SALT WAS CAPTURED. The remark of a Londoner, “We ran them off their legs up the hills,” gives in summary an accurate idea of how we captured Es Salt. The Turks had no notion of what they had to meet. On March 22 we crossed the Jordan at Hajlah but could not move from close to the left bank owing to the jungle and the Turkish machine guns. At night we widened the bridgehead and the Anzac cavalry crossed, advanced towards Ghoraniyeh, and forced the Turks back while bridges were being built there. That was fine work. During the 22nd the Turks shelled the road from Jericho to Ghoraniyeh, but within eighteen hours wo had got over the swollen stream a number of infantry and guns. By Saturday night the Turks had only seen one cavalry regiment and two battalions of infantry. The enemy held strong positions at El Haud, Shunet, Nimrin and Telel Musta, across the road to Es Salt, about eight mile east of the Jordan. When dawn broke the enemy might have seen troops in wonderful array moving to battle, the Londoners having crossed the flooded river with many cavalry on their flanks. The enemy left his fastnesses and made up the mountain road as hard as he could. The Turkish rearguard at Nimrin suffered severely. The infantry Lewis-gunned a battery and captured it, and sent the remnant of the rearguard toiling up the road. Only at one place before Es Salt did the enemy offer much resistance. They held a pass at Howev, where there is a road bridge over the Wadi Shaid, but they were driven from it during the night. When rain was falling heavily, we halted before Es Salt, which was entered on Wednesday morning. So pr-cipi.(.- w(, .h- 8urki,h r-.r-(. .h(. .h- -n-my cou)d no. d-,.roy hi, (mmuni.ion dump,. H- ,--m, .o h(v- ov-rrun hi, d-pô.,, (nd m(y h(v- b--n ,hor. of (mmuni.ion wh-n h- r-.ir-d from E, S().. I c(nno. -,.im(.- .h- (moun. of m(.-ri() c(p.ur-d bu., judging from .h- d-pô., I h(v,--n, i. mu,. b- con,id-r(b)-. 2no.h-r gun w(, .(k-n (. E, S()., (),o (bou. .w-n.y G-rm(n )orri-,. Some Australian Light Horse and New Zealand Mounted Rifles were working east, while the infantry were penetrating the clouds near Es Salt, the garrison of which town moved towards the railway. They were hunted, but the cavalry and camelry made a slow pace, the distance as the crow flies being the probably doubled by the winding tracks which the mounted men had to use. Only by strong courage were the mountains conquered. Towards the end of the journey the country was so terribly rough that some of the cavalry had to leave horses three miles behind them. The Turks entrenched at Amman were thoroughly hammered, while the station, with made-up trains in it, was shelled and bombed, the building being damaged. The enemy was in considerable numbers, reinforced both from north and south, but while we made strong holding attacks on Amman, some daring demolition parties moved out on either flank and blew up the two-arch bridge north and several culverts south of Amman, and one section of the line five miles long was destroyed. The luck of the weather was against us again. Two nights ago the cavalry were fighting in rain and mist so thick that the men could hardly see their comrades next them. Legal news Mr John M(rk B-ck)-y has been appointed a District Judge deployed to the South Eastern Circuit, based at the Court of Protection, First Avenue House, with effect from April 3, 2018. M, H-)-n )(ir- Bow-r, has been appointed a Salaried Deputy Regional Valuer Member of the First-tier Tribunal Residential Property, assigned to the Property Chamber, based in the London Region, with effect from May 1, 2018. Bridge news The Easter Bridge Festival in London, which has now finished, incorporated a Swiss Pairs played over 7 matches and a two session Under 21 Championship Pairs, wri.-, Ju)i(n Po..(g-, Bridgorr-,pond-n.. Winners of the London Swiss Pairs are as follows: 1st Peter Taylor and Richard Hillman, 108 VPs; 2nd Stefan Skorchev and Peter Ivanov, 107 VPs; 3rd Will Roper and Norman Selway, 106 VPs; 4th Barbara Hackett and Anne Gladiator, 102 VPs; and 5th Michael Gromoller and Helmet Hausler, 101 VPs. Winners of the Under 21 Pairs are: 1st Liam Fegarty and Jamie Fegarty, 62.22%; 2nd Andy Cope and Oscar Selby, 59.72%; 3rd Imogen La Chapelle and Megan Jones, 55.00%; 4th Senthur Shanmagarusa and Ben Lewis, 52.50%. Ministry of Healing, Canon Jan Kearton; 3 Choral Evensong. CHELMSFORD: 8 HC; 9.30 Parish Eucharist, Rev Kate Moore; 10.30 Choral Eucharist, Dean, 3.30 Choral Evensong, Vice Dean. CHESTER: 8 HC; 10 Cathedral Eucharist, Canon Jeremy Dussek; 11.30 Mattins; 3.30 Choral Evensong. CHICHESTER: 8 HC; 10 Mattins, Chancellor; 11 Sung Eucharist, Canon Derek Tansill; 3.30 Evensong. COVENTRY: 8 HC; 10.30 Cathedral Eucharist, Bishop of Warwick; 4 Choral Evensong, Canon Precentor; 6 Open Informal Worship for Sunday evening. DERBY: 8 HC; 9.15 Sung Eucharist; 10.45 Cathedral Eucharist, Sub Dean; 6 First Evensong of the Annunciation of Our Lord to the Blessed Virgin Mary, Rev Adam Dickens. DURHAM: 8 HC; 10 Mattins, Canon Simon Oliver; 11.15 Sung Eucharist, Canon David Kennedy; 3.30 Evensong. ELY: 8.15 HC; 10.30 Sung Eucharist, Canon Jessica Martin; 4 Evensong. GLASGOW, ST MUNGO’s (C-o-S): 11 Morning Service; 4 Choral Evensong. GLOUCESTER: 7.40 Morning Prayer; 8 HC; 10.15 Eucharist, Canon Sandra Millar; 3 Evensong, Canon Celia Thomson. GUILDFORD: 8 HC; 9.45 Cathedral Eucharist, Canon Julie Gittoes; 6 First Evensong of the Annunciation, Dean. INVERNESS: 8.15 Holy Eucharist; 9.15 Holy Eucharist and 11 Choral Eucharist, Very Rev S. Murray. LINCOLN: 7.45 Litany; 8 HC; 9.30 Sung Eucharist, Dean; 11.15 Mattins; 12.30 HC; 3.45 Evensong and High Sheriff Turnover Ceremony, Canon Matthew Corkern. LIVERPOOL METROPOLITAN CATHEDRAL: 8.30 Morning Mass; 10 Family Mass; 11 Solemn Choral Mass; 1 Polish Community Mass; 3 Choral Evening Prayer; 7 Evening Mass. LLANDAFF: 7.30 Mattins (said); 8 Holy Eucharist, 9 Parish Eucharist and 11 Choral Eucharist, Rev Edward Le Brun Powell; 12.30 Holy Eucharist; 3.30 Choral Evensong. MANCHESTER: 8.45 Mattins; 9 HC; 10.30 Holy Eucharist, Ven David Sharples; 5.30 Evensong. NEWCASTLE: 8 HC; 8.30 Morning Prayer; 10 Sung Eucharist (with Hymns), Canon Steven Harvey; 4 Evening Prayer. NORWICH: 7.30 Morning Prayer; 8 HC; 10.30 Sung Eucharist, Canon Andy Bryant; 3.30 Evensong, Canon Peter Doll; 6.30 Compline. OXFORD: 8 HC; 9.45 Mattins (said, with Hymns), Canon Biggar; 11 Choral Eucharist, Diocesan Canon Precentor; 6 Choral Evensong. PETERBOROUGH: 8 HC; 9.15 Morning Prayer (said); 10.30 Cathedral Eucharist (said, with Hymns), Canon Sarah Brown; 3.30 Evening Prayer (said). PORTSMOUTH: 8 HC; 10.30 Eucharist, Canon Nick Ralph; 6 Choral Evensong, Canon Chancellor. RIPON: 8 Eucharist; 9.30 Morning Prayer; 10.30 Sung Eucharist, Dean; 12.30 Eucharist; 3.30 First Evensong of Annunciation, Mrs Nina Harrison. ROCHESTER: 8 HC; 9.45 Choral Mattins; 10.30 Cathedral Eucharist, Dean; 3.15 First Choral Evensong of the Annunciation. ST ALBAN: 8 Eucharist; 9.30 Parish Eucharist, Sub Dean; 11.15 Choral Eucharist, Archdeacon; 6.30 Evensong, Father Harry Turner. ST DAVIDS: 8 HC; 9.30 Bilingual Parish Eucharist and 11.15 Choral Mattins, Canon in Residence; 6 Choral Evensong, Canon Dr Daniel Nuzum. SALISBURY: 8 HC; 9.15 Morning Prayer (said); 10.30 Eucharist, Acting Dean; 4.30 Choral Evensong to mark the Centenary of the Formation of the RAF, Canon Ian Woodward. SOUTHWELL: 7.30 Morning Prayer and Litany; 8 HC; 10.30 Sung Eucharist, Canon Nigel Coates; 3.30 Evensong. TRURO: 7.30 Morning Prayer; 8 HC; 10 Sung Eucharist, Canon Precentor; 4 Solemn Evensong for the Eve of Annunciation, Rev Rachel Monie. WAKEFIELD: 8 HC; 10 Eucharist, Rt Rev John Flack; 3.30 Evening Prayer (said with Hymns). WELLS: 8 HC; 9.45 Cathedral Eucharist, Precentor; 11.30 Mattins; 3 Festal Evensong, Chancellor. WINCHESTER: 8 HC; 9.45 Mattins, Rev Katie Lawrence; 11 Sung Eucharist, Canon Sue Wallace; 3.30 Evensong, Canon Richard Harlow. YORK: 8 HC; 10 Sung Eucharist, Dean; 11.30 Mattins, Precentor; 4 Evensong for the Eve of the Assumption, Succentor. Church services tomorrow S-cond Sund(y of E(,.-r ST PAUL’S CATHEDRAL: 8 HC; 8.45 Morning Prayer; 11.30 Sung Eucharist, Succentor; 3.15 Evensong, Chancellor; 4.45 Organ Recital, Charles Tompkins; 6 Eucharist. WESTMINSTER ABBEY: 8 HC; 10 Mattins; 11.15 Sung Eucharist, Rev Dr Tony Kyriakides; 3 First Evensong of the Annunciation of Our Lord to the Blessed Virgin Mary, Rt Rev Dr Derek Browning; 5.45 Organ Recital, Matthew Jorysz; 6.30 Evening Service, Very Rev Dr Victor Stock. SOUTHWARK CATHEDRAL: 9 Eucharist and 11 Choral Eucharist, Dean; 3 Choral Evensong, Canon Wendy Robins; 6 Service of Light. ALL HALLOWS BY THE TOWER: 11 Sung Eucharist, Rev Justin White. ALL SAINTS, Margaret St: 8 and 5.15 Low Masses; 10.20 Morning Prayer; 11 High Mass, Rev Michael Bowie; 6 Choral Evensong and Benediction, Preb Alan Moses. ALL SOULS, Langham Pl: 8 HC; 9.30 and 11.30 Morning Prayer, Rev Dan Wells; 5.30 Evening Prayer, Alastair Gledhill. HTB Brompton Rd: Informal Services: 9.30 and 11.30 Rev Rich Atkinson; 5 Suzie King; 7 Jess O’George. HTB Onslow Square: Informal Services: 10.30 Rachel Kitchen; 4.30 Rev Rich Atkinson; 6.30 Rev Jon Finch. HOLY TRINITY, Sloane Square: 8.30 HC; 11 Sung Eucharist, Rev Grant Bolton-Debbage; 6 Choral Evensong and Benediction. ST BRIDE’S, Fleet St: 11 Choral Eucharist, Rector; 5.30 Choral Evensong, Sermon in Music. ST GEORGE’S, Windsor: 8.30 HC; 10.45 Mattins and Sermon, Vice Dean; 12 Sung Eucharist; 5.15 Evensong. ST GILES-IN-THE-FIELDS, WC2: 11 Sung Eucharist and 6.30 Evensong, Rev Michael Lynch. ST JAMES’S, Piccadilly: 9.15 Eucharist; 11 Parish Eucharist, Rev Rose HudsonWilkin. ST JAMES’S, Sussex Gardens: 10.30 Sung Mass. ST MARGARET’S, Westminster: 11 Sung Eucharist, Most Rev Dr Josiah Idowu-Fearon. ST MARTIN-IN-THE-FIELDS: 10 Eucharist, Rev Dr Sam Wells; 1 Service in Mandarin; 2.15 Service in Cantonese; 5 Choral Evensong. ST MARYLEBONE, Marylebone Rd: 8.30 Holy Eucharist, Ross Marshall; 11 Choral Eucharist, Rev Andrew Tyler. ST PAUL’s, Covent Gdn: 11 Sung Eucharist; 4 Choral Evensong. SALVATION ARMY, Oxford St: 11 Worship Meeting, Major Richard Mingay and Major Caroline Mingay; 3 Worship Meeting. CHAPEL ROYAL, Hampton Court Palace: 8.30 HC; 11 Choral Eucharist; 3.30 Choral Evensong. QUEEN’S CHAPEL, St James’s Palace: 8.30 HC; 11.15 Sung Mattins, Ven Elizabeth Adekunle. GUARDS CHAPEL, Wellington Barracks: 11 Mattins, Countess of Wessex’s String Orchestra, Rev Nick Todd; 12 HC (said). OLD ROYAL NAVAL COLLEGE CHAPEL, Greenwich: 11 Choral Eucharist, Rev Dr Susan Blackall. CROWN COURT (C-o-S), Covent Gdn: 11.15 and 6.30 Rev Philip Majcher. WESTMINSTER CATHEDRAL: Masses: 8, 9, 12, 5.30, 7; 10 Morning Prayer; 10.30 Solemn Mass; 3.30 Solemn Vespers and Benediction. THE ORATORY, Brompton Rd: Masses: 8, 9; 10; 11; 12.30, 4.30, 7; 3.30 Sung Vespers and Benediction. GREEK ORTHODOX CATHEDRAL, Moscow Rd: 9.30 Mattins - Divine Liturgy; 12 Vespers of Love for Easter Sunday. WESLEY’S CHAPEL, City Rd: 9.45 HC and 11 Morning Service, Rev Jennifer Potter. WESTMINSTER METHODIST CENTRAL HALL: 11 Healing Service, Rev Peter Edwards; 5.30 Healing and HC, Rev Peter Edwards and Rev Tony Miles. ARMAGH: 10 HC; 11 Eucharist, Dean; 3.15 Choral Evensong. BLACKBURN: 8 HC; 9 Parish Communion and 10.30 Cathedral Eucharist, Rev Matt Allen; 4 Choral Evensong, Rt Rev Philip North. BRISTOL: 10 Eucharist, Rev Sarah Evans; 3.30 Evensong, Canon Judith Ashby. CANTERBURY: 8 HC; 9.30 Morning Prayer (said); 11 Sung Eucharist, Vice Dean; 3.15 Evensong; 6.30 Sermon and Compline, Vice Dean. CARLISLE: 10.30 Sung Eucharist with CLEMENTS.—On April 3rd 2018, at University College London Hospital, to Melissa (née Stern) and Jake, a daughter, Henrietta Audrey Stern. Online ref: A223258 D'ARCY.—On March 14th 2018, to Georgina (née Everington) and James, a daughter, Margot Penelope, a sister for Wilfred. Online ref: A223235 DARRANT.—On 8th March 2018, to Katie and Gavin, a beautful son, Franklin Terence, weighing 7lb 8oz. Online ref: 551908 GOAD.—On 29th March 2018, to Katie (née Ratner) and Oliver, a daughter, Ottilie Imogen Emma, sister to Archibald. Online ref: A223199 HODGES.—On 15th February 2018, at the Rosie, Cambridge, to Julia (née Walsham) and Marcus, twin sons, Henry Marcus and Max Edward, brothers to Emilia. Online ref: 551820 MILBURN.—On 28th March 2018, in London, to Marina (née Ralli) and Paddy, a daughter, Clemmie Alice, a sister for Archie and Mimi. Online ref: A223234 PHILIPPS.—On March 31st 2018, to Lucy (née Carver) and Bruce Philipps, a daughter Isabella Margot Daphne. Online ref: A223256 ROBINSON.—On 4th April 2018, to Lorien (née Emblem) and Adam, a daughter, Jemima Ann Crawshaw, a sister for Ted and Rosie. Online ref: A223230 THERKELSEN-TURNER.—On March 25th 2018, to Jacqueline and Karl, of Bishop's Waltham, Hants, a daughter, Eleanor Jane Højgaard. Online ref: A223189 TRIGG.—On 28th March 2018, to Emer and Spencer, twin sons, Jude Ethan and Hugo James, born at The John Radcliﬀe Hospital, Oxford. Online ref: A223257 TYSON.—On 12th March 2018, to Katherine (née Patch) and George, a daughter, Florence Lorna Elizabeth, a sister for Jemima. Online ref: A223226 Diamond weddings Sunday MORRIS - HARRIS.—On 8th April 1958, at St Mary's Church, Nolton, Bridgend, Lynn to Elizabeth. Online ref: 551870 BAGNALL SMITH.—Tony died 28th March 2018, at home. Loving husband of Jean, devoted father of Sarah and Richard. Thanksgiving Service; 2.30 p.m. 26th April at St Giles Church, Bletchingdon, Oxon OX5 3BX. Family ﬂowers only. Online ref: A223269 BOARDMAN.—Frank "Gwyther" of Thamesﬁeld, Henley-on-Thames, peacefully at the Chiltern Court Care Home, on Thursday 22nd March, aged 92 years, after a short illness. Very much loved husband of the late Elsbeth Boardman and beloved father of Christopher and Michael, and dearly loved grandfather of Georgina, Alexandra, Arabella and Charlotte Sophia. He will be sadly missed by family and many close friends. Funeral Service at Reading Crematorium, Caversham, RG4 5LP on Thursday 12th April 2018 at 11.30 a.m. Family ﬂowers only, donations to Cancer Research UK sent c/o Tomalin and Son, 38 Reading Road, Henley-on-Thames, Oxon, 01491 573370. Online ref: 551977 CANDLISH.—Florence Mary. Passed away peacefully on 27th March 2018, in Salisbury, aged 100. Formerly of South Kensington, London. Widow of Robert and beloved mother of sons, Raymond and Graham, also loved grandmother and great-grandmother. Funeral Service to be held at Salisbury Cremtorium on Tuesday 17th April at 12.15 p.m. No ﬂowers please. Donations, if desired, to the Royal National Lifeboat Institution (RNLI) c/o I N Newman Ltd, 55 Winchester St, Salisbury SP1 1HL. Tel: 01722 413136. Online ref: 551990 CLARK.—Brian Lawrance, late of HM Customs & Excise, died on 28th March after a short illness, aged 78. Funeral Service at Easthampstead Park Crematorium, Wokingham RG40 3DW on Monday 23rd April at 12.45 p.m. No ﬂowers please, but donations if desired to Asthma Research Council. Online ref: A223186 CROMBIE.—David Alan Guillaume, suddenly on Easter Day at St Clement’s Church, Burnham Overy, aged 77 years, of Burnham Market (Reader of the Burnhams Beneﬁce). Dear brother of John. Funeral Service at St Mary’s Church, Burnham Market on Thursday April 26th at 2 p.m. No ﬂowers by request but, if desired, donations for St Margaret’s Restoration Fund c/o S.T. Sutton Funeral Directors, Burnt Street, Wells-next-the-Sea, NR23 1HL. No mourning please. Online ref: 551964 DAVIDSON.—Toby John. Died peacefully 4th April 2018, aged 55, following a brave battle against cancer. Much loved son of the late Michael and Judith, brother to Giles, Antony, Neil and Fiona. Cricket lover, scorer, Long Marston legend and friend to all, he will be greatly missed. Funeral at St Peter and St Paul's, Tring on 13th April 3 p.m. No ﬂowers please. Donations to Hospice of St Francis, Berkhamsted. Online ref: A223267 DIGBY.—Edward Henry Kenelm Digby, Twelfth Baron Digby of Geashill and Sherborne, KCVO, Lord Lieutenant of Dorset from 1984 to 1999, died on Easter Sunday aged 93. Greatly loved and respected husband of Dione for 64 years. Father of Henry, Rupert and Zara. Grandfather of Edward, Alexandra, Arabella, Olivia, Perdita, Hector and Mimi. Funeral at St. Andrew’s Church, Minterne Magna on Monday April 16th (close family only). Service of Thanksgiving in Sherborne Abbey on June 1st 2018 at 2.30 p.m. Online ref: 551934 DONALD.—Bruce R.S. died at home on 1st April 2018, aged 90 years. Will be sadly missed by his family. Funeral Service to be held in the Hampden Chapel, Chilterns Crematorium, Amersham, Bucks, HP7 0ND on Tuesday 17th April at 9.30 a.m. Family ﬂowers only donations in memory will go to Marie Curie Nurses c/o Beacon Funeral Services, 27 Rose Avenue, Hazlemere, Bucks, HP15 7PH. Tel: 01494 818181. Online ref: 551966 DUNFORD.—Stanley Charles, passed away peacefully in Rochester on 21st March 2018, aged 89. Much loved and fondly remembered by his family, friends, former colleagues and many more. The Funeral Service will take place at Medway Crematorium, Robin Hood Lane, Bluebell Hill, Kent ME5 9QU, on Monday 30th April at 3 p.m. and afterwards at the White Horse, Borstal, Rochester ME1 3JS. Family ﬂowers only, or kind donations to the Alzheimers Society: alzheimers.org.uk. Online ref: 551727 FORD-DUNN.—Dulcie May (née Martin) on 24th March 2018, aged 101. Service at Worthing Crematorium 12th April. Enquiries: Chalcraft, Steyning. Online ref: A223184 GILLING.—Robert Rivers, passed away on 23rd March 2018, aged 92 years. Dearly loved father, grandfather and uncle. He will be sadly missed by all family and friends.The Funeral Service will be held at East Devon Crematorium, London Road, Whimple EX5 2PT on Friday 13th April at 4 p.m. Online ref: A223198 GORDON.—Caryl Ramsay LVO - late Group Captain RAF passed away peacefully on 27th March 2018, aged 94. Devoted husband to Gill, much loved father to Henrietta and Andrew, and adored grandfather to Rosie, Araminta and Cecily. Memorial Service to be held at St Andrew's, Foston-on-the-Wolds, at 11.30 a.m. on 5th May 2018. Online ref: A223193 HALLAM.—Lisa (née Oppenheimer) died on 31st March 2018, aged 90. Beloved aunt of Anne, Richard, Monica and Jon. Funeral to take place at 2 p.m. on Wednesday 11th April at the West Chapel of the Golders Green Crematorium, 62 Hoop Lane, London NW11 7NL. No ﬂowers please but donations, if desired, to Marie Curie or Alzheimer's Research UK. Online ref: A223233 HOLDER.—Robert Woollard (Bob), died on Easter Saturday aged 93 years. Dearly loved husband of Margaret and father of Robert, Simon, James, Charlotte and Benjamin. Proud grandfather and greatgrandfather. Private cremation. A Service of Thanksgiving will be held on Monday 30th April at St Augustine's Church, West Monkton, TA2 8QT at 2.30 p.m. Donations, if desired, to The Salvation Army care of Wallace Stuart Funeral Directors, TA6 6PZ. Online ref: 551906 IRELAND.—Judith. Formerly of Kingskerswell, Devon. Judith died peacefully with her family at her side on 28th March 2018, aged 82 years. Beloved wife of the late John and loving mother of Andrew, Rachel, Henrietta and Alice. Much loved by her grandchildren and all the family. All enquiries to T. & I. Stockman Funeral Directors 01803 882385. Online ref: A223218 LEWIS.—Paul died peacefully at home on 28th March 2018, after a long battle with lung disease. Deeply loved by and loving husband of Biddy and adored father of Fiona, Simon, Joanna and Thea. His Funeral will be on Monday 16th April at St. Andrew’s Church, Oxshott at 2.30 p.m. Family ﬂowers only but donations, if desired, to the British Lung Foundation c/o Sherlock Funeral Service, Trellis House, Dorking RH4 2ES, who will also take all enquiries. Online ref: 551911 MAITLAND.—Barbara Jean Grace, on 27th March 2018, aged 86. Much loved wife of the late Brodie, mother of Robin and sister of Richard. Funeral Service on 23rd April, 12.40 p.m., at Mortlake Crematorium. Donations, if desired, to MNDA or the Animal Rescue Foundation, Herefordshire. Online ref: A223190 MILTON.—Jane (Nicholas). Formerly of The Quay, Wivenhoe, died unexpectedly at Ford Place, Thetford on March 27th 2018, aged 91 years. Much loved by all her family, she will be greatly missed. A Service will be held at Earlham Crematorium, Norwich on May 2nd at 2 p.m. Enquiries to Mark Skinner Funeral Service on Tel: 01842 752197. Online ref: A223232 MORGAN.—David William Morgan died peacefully on April 2nd 2018 in Denver, Colorado, USA. His children, Helen and Bruce, his sister Anne Wales and her family, his brother Chris Morgan and his family, and his grandchildren David and Jake survive him. His wife, Sally, preceded him in death. David was a lifelong family man, a loyal friend, a lover of classical music, a choirmaster, a true train aﬁcionado and, along with his wife, the ultimate host. His smile and wit will be sorely missed. Funeral Service will be held at St Margaret’s Church in Horsmonden, Kent. Arrangements are pending and will be posted at HoranCares.com/obituary when ﬁnalized. Online ref: A223167 NASH.—Margaret Patricia. On Saturday 31st March 2018, Margaret aged 88 years, died peacefully at home with her family around her. Loving wife of Norman, much loved mother of Sall and Simon, a cherished mother-in-law and a wonderful “grandsimar” to Lucy and Scarlett and a good friend to many. Funeral Service to take place at Burnley Crematorium on Monday 16th April 2018 at 1.40 p.m. Family ﬂowers only but donations will be gratefully received on behalf of Alzheimer's Society. Enquiries to Holgate Funeral Services, The Old Schoolmaster’s House, St Anne’s Church, Fence, BB12 9EE, 01282 616788. Online ref: 551783 OLIVER.—John, late of Pembridge Road and Burton Street, London. Died in Kerala, India on 26th March 2018, aged 82 years. Online ref: 551858 PARKES.—David, died 2nd April 2018. Beloved husband of Elva. Funeral will be held on 21st April at 11.30 a.m., at Davenham Church, CW9 8NF. Online ref: A223197 PERFECT.—Eileen Mary (Tilly) née Liddall passed away peacefully at home on 1st April 2018, aged 89. Much loved wife of the late Geoﬀrey Perfect, devoted mother of Anna and Sarah, loving grandmother and greatgrandmother. Funeral Service at Holy Trinity Church, Penn, at 12 noon on Thursday 12th April. Family ﬂowers only. Donations to Breadline Africa UK. Enquiries to Arnold Funeral Service, 32 Gregories Road, Beaconsﬁeld, Bucks HP9 1HQ. Tel: 01494 685000. Online ref: PRESTON.—Edmund Standige. Loving husband of Hazel, much loved father of Nicholas, Jennifer, and James, and grandfather of Frederick and Marissa, Clara and Rosalba, Albert and Max. Died peacefully at home on Saturday March 31st 2018. Family cremation followed by Service of Thanksgiving at St. Peter’s Church, Little Thurlow, Suﬀolk, on Friday 27th April at 2 p.m. No ﬂowers please, but donations, if desired, to Cancer Research UK, c/o Funeral Directors H.J.Paintin Ltd, 43, High Street, Linton, Cambs, CB21 4HS. Tel: 01223 891226. Online ref: A223231 RATCLIFFE.—Eileen Mary, died peacefully on 28th March aged 91 years at Hatch Mill, Farnham. Beloved wife of the late Geoﬀrey Ratcliﬀe. Devoted and adored mother to Susan, Linda, Nigel and Julian. Much loved "Meema" to Kerrie, Michael, Christopher and 4 great grandchildren. Thanksgiving Service at St James’ Church, Elstead, GU8 6LQ on Friday 27th April 2.30 p.m. No ﬂowers please. Donations to Muscular Dystrophy UK or Cancer Research UK c/o J. Gorringe & Son F/D, Godalming, GU7 3EF. Tel: 01483 416403. Online ref: 551963 ROUÉ.—Gillian Kathryn (neé Morgans), on 31st March 2018. A Memorial Service will be held at St Mellanus Church, Mullion on 16th April at 2 p.m. Enquiries to R.E. Tonkin and Son; 01326 240752. Online ref: A223270 THORNTON.—Ruth (née Bostock), much loved wife of Mike and mother of Luke, Christopher and Rachel, died peacefully on 3rd April. Service of Thanksgiving at Birtley House, Bramley on Tuesday 24th April at 3.30 p.m. Online ref: 551991 THE LORD sees what happens everywhere; he is watching us, whether we do good or evil. Proverbs 15.3 WANTED : OLD HAVANA CIGARS, call Sautter's of Mayfair, 0207 499 4866. APPOINTMENT THORNMEAD LIMITED (In Voluntary Liquidation) Company Number: 653862 NOTICE is hereby given pursuant to Section 204(1)(b) of the BVI Business Companies Act, 2004 that the Company is in voluntary liquidation. The voluntary liquidation commenced on 3 April 2018. The Liquidator is Kerry Graziola of Craigmuir Chambers, Road Town, Tortola, British Virgin Islands. Dated 3rd April 2018. Sgd. Kerry Graziola, Liquidator. VAN OSS.—Caroline Elizabeth (née Scoggins), died peacefully surrounded by her family on Friday 30th March, aged 57. She was much loved and will be missed by all. Donations, if desired, to Pancreatic Cancer Action and/or The Royal Marsden Cancer Charity, in Caroline’s name. A Memorial Service will be held at St Mary's Church, Bibury, Gloucestershire on 17th May at 2.30 p.m. Online ref: A223196 VINCENT.—John Anthony, died on Saturday 31st March 2018. One of the wealth makers. Worked with Pitchers Ltd, Pioneer Concrete Ltd, Hyten Reinforcement Ltd and Parker Timber Ltd. Funeral Service will be held on 23rd April 2018 at 11 a.m. at St George’s Church, Douglas, Isle of Man. All enquiries please to Eric Faragher Ltd, Funeral Directors. Tel: 01624 673109. Online ref: 551967 WHITTAKER.—Pamela Helen Frances (née Vincent), died peacefully at home on 22nd March 2018. Much beloved by her daughters Suzanne, Gay and Jo, and their husbands, children and grandchildren. Memorial Service at St Mary’s Church, Kintbury at 2.30 p.m. on Saturday 9th June followed by a reception at Kintbury Coronation Hall. Donations may be made to Macmillan Cancer Support. Camp Hopson Funerals, 90 West Street, Newbury, RG14 1HA. Online ref: 551750 STEPHENSON.—Geraldine, Choreographer. A memorial service and celebration will be held at St Paul's Church, Covent Garden on Thursday 26th April at 12 noon. Online ref: A223268 8ru,.-- no.ic-, Trustee notices NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, pursuant to to s.27 of of thethe Trustee ActAct 1925, that thethe s.27 Trustee 1925, that personal representatives of of thethe deceased personal representatives deceased persons referred to to below persons referred below intend to to convey to to or or distribute intend convey distribute among thethe persons entitled thereto thethe among persons entitled thereto real or or personal property of of thethe real personal property deceased andand require anyany person deceased require person interested to to send to to thethe personal interested send personal representatives, or or their solicitors representatives, their solicitors named below, byby notnot later than thethe named below, later than date given below, particulars of of hishis date given below, particulars claim in in respect of of thethe property. claim respect property. FORD, Christopher John, late of 25 Durrants Drive, Croxley Green, Rickmansworth, Hertfordshire WD3 3NL. Died on 11th March 2018. Particulars to Bibi Fortin Lees c/o Adams & Remers, Trinity House, School Hill, Lewes BN7 2NN, on or before 7th June 2018. *** The Daily Telegraph Saturday 7 April 2018 OT Obituaries sacred mysteries Sir William Aldous Judge and keen equestrian who scotched an attempt to ban a TV interview with Dennis Nilsen TOPFOTO/UPPA S IR WILLIAM ALDOUS, who has died on his 82nd birthday, was a Lord Justice of Appeal and a passionate supporter of equestrian sports. He enjoyed a long and distinguished career at the Bar as a specialist in intellectual property. As a judge of the Patents Court from 1988 to 1995, he made headlines in January 1993 when he supported the right of Central Television to broadcast extracts from an interview with the serial killer Dennis Nilsen, over which the Home Office was attempting to seek an injunction. Nilsen, a civil servant, had been jailed for life in 1983 after being convicted of murdering six young men. In the interview, conducted at Albany prison on the Isle of Wight, he calmly described how he had cut up the bodies and how much he had enjoyed carrying his victims after he had killed them: “It was an expression of my power to lift and carry and have control. The dangling element of the limp limbs was an expression of [their] passivity.” The interview, carried out in the presence of a clinical psychologist, a police superintendent and a detective chief inspector, was to form a sevenminute segment of a documentary, Murder in Mind, scheduled for screening on ITV’s late-night Viewpoint 93 slot. The Home Office took out a writ, seeking an injunction banning screening on the grounds of the possible distress to victims’ families. Officials further claimed that permission had been granted for Nilsen to be interviewed for police training purposes only, so to broadcast it would infringe a section of the Copyright Act, which says copyright that resides with those who make the arrangements. The producers argued that the Home Office had been fully aware of their intention to broadcast, though they had agreed to make the film available for police use. In an hour-long judgment, Aldous admitted that he had personally found the footage distressing, though he had not previously thought of himself as someone with a weak stomach, but he rejected the argument that the extracts should be banned because viewers might be distressed. “There is a potential educational benefit in allowing pictures of the interview to tell the story, rather than the spoken word,” he said. “I am aware of the possible distress, but the programme, having been made, is best seen and best seen with the extract in.” Aldous’s judgment, upheld on appeal, was welcomed by broadcasters as reflecting a liberalising trend among judges. But in other judgements, Aldous made clear that there were limits to the freedom to publish. In 2000 he was one of three appeal court judges who ruled against The Sun, after a company controlled by Aldous and his wife, Gill, with the Blankney Hunt in 1964. Right, as a Lord Justice of Appeal, 1995 Mohamed Fayed brought an action for breach of copyright following the publication of photographs of Diana, Princess of Wales, and Dodi Fayed showing their arrival and departure at a Paris villa owned by Mohamed Fayed on the day before their deaths – photographs that had been stolen and sold to the newspaper. Aldous observed that although Fayed had given a fabricated account of the visit in the book Death of a Princess, there had been no need for The Sun to publish the photographs when the information they conveyed (that the visit had only lasted half an hour) could have been made available without infringing copyright. For the newspaper to describe its action as “fair dealing” was to “give honour to dishonour”. The judges held that there was no statutory defence of public interest to a breach of copyright. William Aldous was born in Suffolk on March 17 1936, the son of Guy Aldous QC and Elizabeth (née Paul), and educated at Harrow and at Trinity College, Cambridge. Called to the Bar by the Inner Temple in 1960, he served as a junior counsel on intellectual property matters to the Department of Trade and Industry from 1972 to 1976, when he took silk. He was head of chambers at 6 Pump Court from 1980 to 1988, when he was knighted, elevated to the High Court and appointed a judge of the Patents Court. In 1995 he was appointed a Lord Justice of Appeal and sworn of the Privy Council. He retired from the bench in 2003, although he remained an arbitrator in intellectual property matters and was a member of the Gibraltar Court of Appeal until 2013. Away from his legal career, Aldous was a keen rider to hounds. At Cambridge he had been a joint master of the University Drag Hounds for two seasons, riding out with them on Sundays, while hunting on Saturdays with the Suffolk Hunt. In a 2015 article in a hunt newsletter he recalled Boxing Day meets at the Angel Square in Bury where, on one occasion, the hounds disappeared into the large crowd of hunt supporters to scavenge: “We moved off with no hounds, but they were all on within two hundred yards.” Aldous’s father, also a keen huntsman, became a Master of the Essex & Suffolk Hunt in 1967 and Willie (as he was known to his hunting friends) went in as a Master to help him in 1970, serving until 1976. In later life he regularly followed the Essex & Suffolk on foot. Aldous also became involved in eventing, serving in various posts including, from 2005, as chairman of British Eventing, leading the sport through difficult times as it dealt with losses incurred at the 2005 Windsor International Horse Trials. In 2002 he caused a flurry of controversy when he said that he “resented” advice given the previous year by Lord Woolf, the Lord Chief Justice, that it would be inappropriate for judges to take part in “quasi-political” events such as the Countryside Alliance march planned for September in protest against “prejudiced attacks” on hunting. While agreeing to follow Lord Woolf ’s advice, Aldous did not see any reason why judges should not take part in a lawful march, adding that he wanted his friends to know that his absence would not imply any lack of support. Besides, he pointed out, as his views were well known, there was no chance of his being asked to sit on a case involving hunting. In his 2015 hunt newsletter article he wrote: “I am so pleased to see hunting thrive in spite of the ban.” In 1960 he married Gill Henson, whom he had met at Cambridge. She was the daughter of Gino Henson, Master of the Blankney Hunt for many years, and would go on to serve as the main organiser of Stratford Hills Horse Trials. Her brother, Bill Henson, was for 16 years director of the Burghley Horse Trials. She survives him with their son and two daughters Sir William Aldous, born March 17 1936, died March 17 2018 Eric Bristow Swaggering darts player known as the ‘Crafty Cockney’ who dominated the game in the 1980s ACTION PLUS/GETTY E RIC BRISTOW, who has died of a heart attack aged 60, was the dominant darts player of the 1980s, regarded as the greatest then seen and instrumental in turning the game into a mass spectator sport. In an era when competitors still smoked and drank on live television, Bristow, who had been a teenage prodigy, won the World Championship in 1980, 1981, 1984, 1985 and 1986. He also finished runner-up four times in that period and was victorious on five occasions at the World Masters. “When Alexander of Macedon was 33, he cried salt tears because there were no more worlds to conquer,” observed the commentator Sid Waddell of his world title victory in 1984. “Bristow’s only 27.” Such hyperbole was entirely apposite to the swagger with which Bristow carried himself. Undoubtedly his technique was formidable, rendered distinctive by his crooking his little finger while he threw. Wadell thought, too, Bristow the best “counter” in the game, able to work out the combinations he needed to score without interrupting his rhythm. Nor did he allow himself more than a few sips of a pint when at the oche, or throw line. Yet what singled Bristow out was his ability to cope with pressure – and to pile it on to his opponents, such as Jocky Wilson, John Lowe, Bobby George and Cliff Lazarenko, before seizing the decisive moment. “I have two bowls of confidence for breakfast each morning,” agreed Bristow. This translated into his cocky persona of the “Crafty Cockney”, a nickname borrowed from a bar in Los Angeles that he had visited. The bar’s commemorative shirts, emblazoned with a Union flag and the image of a British bobby, became his trademark, as did his sunburnt features – a Greek nose and curled nostrils not unlike those of Alexander, his bleached hair and caustic putdowns. Bristow was undoubtedly a divisive figure, especially early in his career. Scottish crowds would jeer him and, showing little thrift, pelt him with cans of McEwans lager. All of this, of course, was theatre, and Bristow’s rivalries made for compelling viewing at a time when television was seeking cheap fodder Bristow: ‘I have two bowls of confidence for breakfast each morning’ for its schedules. Darts took hold of the public consciousness for the first time – the Bullseye game show hosted by Jim Bowen was created because of the sport’s new popularity – and made Bristow a fortune. It therefore came as a shock, not least to Bristow’s self-esteem, when at the 1986 Swedish Open he began to suffer from “dartitis”, the sport’s equivalent of golfer’s yips, leading to a player being unable to release his darts when he wants. Although he regained his No 1 world ranking for a record sixth time in 1990, and in 1993 was among those who broke from the game’s ruling body to set up the Professional Darts Corporation, he was never again the same force. Bristow’s decline was in part selfinflicted. In the mid-1980s he began to mentor, and to fund, Phil Taylor, who had decided to give up making chain handles for lavatories after seeing Bristow on stage and believing that he could do better. Soon he could, usurping Bristow’s status as the best darts player in history. He defeated Bristow in the semi-finals of the 1997 World Championship, ushering in Bristow’s retirement from the major tournaments. The two men hardly spoke thereafter for some years. In recent years Bristow had mellowed, however, enjoying what his ability and dedication had brought him. “My philosophy is that you’ve got to enjoy life while you can,” he told the Daily Telegraph in 2011. “There’s not much point in being the richest man in the graveyard.” Eric John Bristow was born in Hackney, East London, on April 25 1957. His father, George, was a plasterer and his mother, Pam, worked as a telephonist. He grew up in Stoke Newington, often making the pilgrimage with his father to see Arsenal play at Highbury, though Eric in fact was a Chelsea fan. His sporting idol was Muhammad Ali. Despite being bright enough to win a place at Hackney Downs Grammar School, Eric could be a tearaway and had occasional scrapes with the police. His father was an avid player of pub games such as cribbage – Eric may have inherited his arithmetical abilities from him – and tried to interest his son in many different sports. Then, he bought Eric a dartboard for his 11th birthday. Soon the youngster was keeping his parents up at night with the sound of his practising. “I thrashed all my mates, but I didn’t realise how good I was until my dad took me to the local pub one Sunday when I was 14,” he recalled. “I went home with my pockets full of change.” His first job, at 15, was as a proofreader for an advertising agency in the City, at £14 per week, but he soon realised that he could make 10 times that by winning darts events against adults at the weekend. By 1979 he was well-known enough to be the subject of a short film, Arrows, released in cinemas to accompany the Bob Hoskins drama The Long Good Friday. After retiring from competitive darts in 2007, Bristow became familiar to a younger generation of darts fans as a forthright commentator on Sky. He was a contestant in the 2012 series of I’m a Celebrity … Get Me Out of Here! He was sacked, however, after suggesting on social media that victims of the paedophile football coach Barry Bennell should have “sorted him out” when they grew up. “Darts players tough guys footballers wimps,” he wrote, leading to a storm of protest. Bristow subsequently apologised, telling the Telegraph that it was a case of “live by the sword, die by the sword”. Yet with his endorsements from darts manufacturers he made a good living, though his was not an extravagant way of life. He acknowledged that he was a spender rather than a saver and had just a modest two-bedroom house near Leek, Staffordshire. His indulgence was holidays, often to Las Vegas, which he visited more than 50 times and where he once won $17,000 on a fruit machine. He was appointed MBE in 1989. Between 1978 and 1987, Bristow was in a relationship with Maureen Flowers, the former leading female darts player. He was then married, in 1989, to Jane, but they were divorced in 2005 shortly after he was acquitted at trial of having punched her in the face when drunk. Latterly he had been helping his girlfriend Becky Gadd to run a cattery; the pair had met at a Bullseye roadshow. He is survived by a son and a daughter. Eric Bristow, born April 25 1957, died April 5 2018 Primitive power of water from a corpse christopher howse T here is more than meets the eye to a chant that is sung during this season of Easter. It goes with the sprinkling of the congregation with holy water. At all other times, the chant is Asperges me, Domine, “Thou wilt sprinkle me, O Lord, with hyssop and I shall be cleansed.” But now at Easter it is Vidi aquam, “I saw water flowing from the right side of the temple, alleluia; and all they to whom that water came were saved.” What is all this about? The sprinkling of water is a reminder for the people of their baptism. Baptism, a ritual submersion in water, is a mystical burial and participation in Christ’s death, from which the person baptised rises up as a newly created being by means of his Resurrection. That mightt sound primitive, irrational stuff, but the language of ritual is not by explanation, and rather by performance. Death, resurrection and baptism are deeply explored over the holy days covering Good Friday and Easter Sunday. On Easter day candidates are baptised and holy water is blessed at a ceremony that involves the lowering of the lit paschal candle into it. The paschal candle represents Christ, the light. Five grains of incense are pinned to it that represent the five wounds of Christ, the marks of which he retained after his Resurrection. The chant Vidi aquam is a derived from the prophetic book of Ezekiel (chapter 47). The narrator there sees water coming out from the south side of the temple, which faced east. So it would be the right side for someone looking out from the temple, not for someone outside looking at the front. The reason that the chant is taken from this prophetic vision is that Jesus Christ is regarded as the new temple. “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up,” St John quotes him as saying, adding: “He spake of the temple of his body.” The passage from Ezekiel is also taken as prophetic of the blood and water that flowed from the dead body of Christ on the cross, when it was pierced with a lance. No doubt the separation of red blood and clear watery fluid was a result of his death by crucifixion. But liturgically the water and blood are emblematic of the sacraments of Baptism and the Eucharist. If the water came from the right side of the temple, it would be reasonable to think it came from Christ’s right side, to our left as we face him. That is how painters such as Fra Angelico (below), Giotto and Rubens depict it. But not all agreed. Some thought that since the heart is to the left, i was there that the it l lance must have p pierced his s side. The E Englishman St Bede the V Venerable r realised h how important it was that Christ retained the marks of his wounds after his Resurrection: it showed that he was not a spirit without a body. Bede takes it that Christ was pierced in his right side. In early missals containing the Mass as performed in Rome, rubrics direct that the celebrant should, at the fraction of the host, break it at the right side. I’m not sure this clears up the ambiguity, for the right side, looking at the consecrated host, insofar as it represents the physical disposition of the body of Christ, would be his left side. Because the blood from Christ’s side symbolises the Eucharist, artists often depict an angel collecting it in a chalice. I see that the station of the cross in Westminster Cathedral which shows the death of Christ has the blood being collected as it issues from his left side. That bas-relief carving is by Eric Gill, who represents the same thing elsewhere. Perhaps he explained his decision somewhere, and I’d be interested to learn if he did. 28 ** Saturday 7 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph Markets Retailers slip as analysts advise investors to swap bricks for clicks biggest sandwich maker, Greencore, has been targeted by hedge funds looking to profit from its troubled attempt to expand across the Atlantic. Greencore became the most shorted stock in London this week following a spike in bets against the FTSE 250 firm in the wake of last month’s disastrous profit warning. Greencore shares out on loan to short-sellers have surged from just under 10pc to 15pc in the three weeks since the update, with the stake held by hedge funds betting against the company now worth over £140m. Johnson Matthey extended its share price climb, up 58p to £32.09, despite analysts pouring cold water on speculation mooting a break-up of the chemicals specialist. Interbroker dealer NEX dipped 11p to 993p after BNP Paribas analysts predicted that the probability of a counterbid to CME’s £3.9bn offer was low. The FTSE 100 survived the latest escalation in trade tensions relatively unscathed, dipping just 15.86 points to 7,183.64, but the Dow Jones in New York plunged to close 2.3pc lower as European markets ended another rollercoaster week of trading on the slide. Markets were rocked by the US president threatening to impose a further $100bn (£71bn) of tariffs on China. Government officials in Beijing vowed to retaliate if the Trump administration published another tariff hit list with investors pulling money out of riskier equities amid the heightened tensions. On currency markets, the pound flirted with the $1.41 mark against the dollar after a monthly US jobs report failed to meet economists’ lofty expectations. After a bumper February, only 103,000 jobs were added to the US economy last month, a 210,000-job pull back. TOM REESS MARKET KET REPORT ORT EMBATTLED high street retailers endured another bout of selling after City analysts urged investors to switch from bricks to clicks. The double whammy of inflation-squeezed shoppers tightening their belts and Britain embracing the Amazonification of retail has hit the high street hard, with a growing number of well-known retailers collapsing under the strain of sinking sales. Citigroup analysts advised clients to dump UK stores in favour of their healthier European peers and sink their funds into brand names rather than struggling retailers. The pressure from online growth is “mounting” as e-tailers snap up market share at an accelerating pace, it argued. Next pulled back 49p to £47.71 after being put on Citi’s “sell” list, while Marks & Spencer, which was also put under pressure by a bearish note from Goldman Sachs, weakened 5p to 269p on a downgrade to “neutral”. Elsewhere, independent car dealer Motorpoint surged 22p to 239p after it defied the gloomy car market by tapping sales of “nearly new” vehicles. A day after the new car market recorded its 12th consecutive month of decline, Motorpoint told investors that its full-year pre-tax profit would hit the upper end of expectations with revenue set to climb 18pc. Numis analyst Andrew Wade told clients that the figures were impressive given they were up against tough comparatives in the second half of the year and “cautious used car industry indicators”. New short disclosures revealed that the UK’s Results roundup Company 1.62 1.15 Ç Information technology 1.14 Ç Media 0.75 Ç Electricity 0.7 Ç Tobaccos 0.66 Ç Telecommunications 0.54 Ç Aerospace & defence 0.5 Ç Chemicals 0.37 È Automobiles & parts -0.33 È Oil & Gas -0.40 È Europeans -0.55 È Engineering / Industrial -0.60 È Investment trusts -0.64 È Electricals -1.04 È Banks -1.06 È Americans P/E -1.73 5½ Gaming Realms 8¼ +½ 339 172 Gattaca 175 -1 13.1 7.5 -4 1.7 779 830 639½ Tmpletn Em Mt ● 733 -12 1.1 839 1055 904⅝ Shaftesbury ● 985½ — 1.6 — 191¾ 130⅜ Highland Gold 155 +⅝ 6.7 15.1 675½ Brunner 739 +13 2.2 810 83½ 72⅝ Troy Inc & Gr 74¼* +⅝ 3.6 74 318¾ 266 Town Centre 279 +5 4.1 — 37 19 Hornby 24 -½ -1.9 2488 Caledonia ● 2650 -20 2.1 3240 180 150 UIL Ord 165 — 4.5 265 151⅜ 104¾ Tritax Big Box ● 147½ +⅜ 4.5 141 70⅜ 51 Inland Homes 61¾ +1¾ 3.0 7.9 144 111⅞ Candover 117 154 833 618 Unite ● 811½ +6 2.8 — 181½ 51¼ IQE 122⅜ +8½ — 58.6 545 388 James Halstead 408 -2 3.2 23.2 +1 — 155 159¼ 153¼ UIL Fin ZDP 18 158 — 145 133 UIL Fin ZDP 20 142½ -½ — 129 325 237 Urban&Civic 305 -3 1.0 63.5 127⅞ 109 UIL Fin ZDP 22 126 — — 111 105¼ 97 Warehouse REIT 101 — 2.5 97 ⅞ 490 401 Castings 418½ -11½ 3.3 14.0 444⅝ 392 City of Lon ● 410 +½ 4.3 402 234⅝ 194⅞ Utilico Emerg 217½* — 3.2 246 1040½ 782½ Workspace Gp ● 1017 +11 2.3 — 183 126 LPA Gp +¼ 1.3 19.4 498 330¼ Dunedin Ent 372 — 5.1 439 1118 952½ Witan ● 1012 -14 2.2 1032 430 1407½ — 0.8 27.9 786 608 Edinburgh Inv Tr ● 656 +2 4.0 715 355 302½ Witan Pacific 315½ -4½ 1.5 46¼ 532½ Edin Worldwide 735 2707 2227⅜ Worldw HealthTr ● 2375 -60 0.9 2361 79¾ 624½ 279 Fenner ● 613 +3 0.7 34.8 820 746 -8 2128 1510 Goodwin 1750 +40 2.4 20.7 2793½ 821¾ ElectraPrivEq 825 -11 — 1114 1453 1016 IMI ● 1024* -12 3.8 17.1 331 286 EP Global Opp 295 +2 1.8 5192⅛ 4392⅝ Jardine Mthsn 1360 1170 European Assets 974 825 The Europ InvTr 888 +8 2.6 985 382 — 4396⅛* -33⅝ 2.6 — 57⅝* +3¼ 5.3 -9.8 261⅞ 2⅛ Melrose Ind ● 211½* -¼ 2.0 -176.2 408¼ 352 Fidelity Asian V — 1.3 400 52 week High Low (p) Stock 1916½ -5 2.8 263 187⅞ Fidlty Chna Sp Sits ● 234½ -5½ 1.1 272 192 1684 Mondi 15.9 1232½ — 6.3 1210 Media +0.75% È France È Germany Ç Hong Kong 74⅞ Prime People 77½ -2 6.5 5.9 18.7 349⅝ 145¾ Dixons Carph ● 197¼ … 5.7 7.7 602 359⅞ Restore 551 -6 0.9 79.9 760 503 Dunelm ● 525* -21 5.0 12.2 28 17¾ Rockhopper Exp 23⅜ +¼ 150 Findel 232½ +7½ — -3.5 29 22⅛ Share 26 — 1.5 565 5¼ Smith (DS) 473¾* -3¼ 3.3 21.4 274 219⅞ Fidelity Sp V 257 -1 1.8 257 773 631 Informa 721 +7 2.8 19.1 1400¼ 1019 Greggs ● 1245 +7 2.6 22.0 35 18 Sinclair Ph 18⅜ -⅜ — -4.7 3254 1712¾ Smurfit Kappa 3058 +10 2.5 19.8 778 688⅜ Finsbury Gwth ● 752* -3 1.9 747 220⅛ 141 ITV 148⅛ +1⅞ 5.3 14.5 380½ 305⅜ Halfords ● 342⅜ +7⅝ 5.2 11.9 57½ 19 SRT Marine Sys 21¼ — — 18.6 6155 4912 Spirax ● 5645 -50 1.6 26.3 678 553¾ Foreign & Col ● 625* -11 1.7 645 775¾ 563 Pearson 741* +8 2.3 14.8 596¾ 282 Howden Joinery ● 465 +¼ 2.4 15.6 188 88 StatPro 162½ — 1.8 -45.1 830 Vitec 1185 -15 2.6 19.3 338 299 F&C Cap & Inc 317 -1 3.4 313 1784 1399 RELX 1518 +1 2.6 18.5 369¾ 285¼ Kingfisher 294¾ -1½ 3.7 13.3 16 12⅝ Sterling Energy 13⅞ — — -4.8 1958 -47 2.2 2.7 152¼ 133⅞ F&C ComProp ● 141 +¾ 4.3 140 4595 3873 Rightmove ● 4421 +11 1.3 28.2 131½ 78½ Lookers 92⅛ +1¼ 4.2 7.6 94½ 67 Tribal Gp 80⅛ +¼ 1.2 61.6 211⅜ 175 F&C Mgd G 196 +1 — 193 1378 11⅜ Sky 1315½* +1½ 1.0 32.4 397¾ 262¼ Marks & Spen 269 -5 7.0 37.4 ⅛ 146 127 F&C Mgd I 132* +1½ 4.2 130 121¾ 65¼ Trinity Mirror 83¼ +2¼ 7.0 3.6 254⅜ 203¼ Morrison (WM) 224⅛ -¾ 2.7 16.8 245⅜ 115 Walker Green -4 4.0 19⅝ +¼ 4⅛ 1⅞ Xtract Resources Food producers -0.13% 2386 Ass Brit Fds 366 307 F&C Priv Eq Ord 353* 348 957½ 639 UBM ● 943½ +13½ 2.5 25.4 137⅛ — 4.1 2495 -14 1.6 16.5 1420 1241 F&C Glob SmCo ● 1290 -15 1.0 1336 1762 1074 WPP 1162½ +24 5.2 8.1 5355 3565 Next 4771 -49 5.2 11.4 603¼ 233⅛ Ocado ● 518¾ -5¼ — — 26½ +⅝ 5.9 7.1 150 118 Carr’s Grp 133 +6½ 3.0 17.3 108 94½ F&C UKHighIncTst 95½* — 5.1 104 2711 2047 Coca-Cola HBC 2707 +45 1.7 26.6 109 99 F&C UKRealEstInv 103 +1½ 4.9 104 3497¾ 2524 Cranswick ● 2792 -8 1.7 20.9 305 265 Hend Alt Strat 270 — 1.8 329 654 513 +4½ 4.4 18.7 97⅝ 86⅜ Hend Div Inc Tst 91¼ +¾ 4.8 87 1870 950⅛ Anglo Amer 479¾ Dairy Crest ● 39¼ Mining -1.73% 213⅞ 108 Saga ● 115 +⅞ 7.7 8.2 1618⅜* -26⅜ 4.5 9.2 339⅞ 222⅜ Sainsbury J 246 +1⅞ 3.9 14.1 655 Hilton Food 834 +4 2.3 22.3 201½ 165 Hend High Inc 173* +2½ 5.5 176 1071 11⅛ Antofagasta 915⅝ -15¼ 3.9 16.9 2347 1635 Smith WH ● 1988 -1 2.4 19.0 290¾ REA Hldgs 307 — — -9.0 904 709¼ Hend Smaller Co 860 +8 2.2 956 1662⅜ 1103 BHP Billiton 1388¾ -21¼ 5.2 17.7 424⅜ 280¼ Sports Direct ● 371⅝ +4⅛ — 9.4 796½ 522⅝ Tate & Lyle ● 553¼ +4⅜ 5.1 10.0 1110 890 Hend Opp 964 — 2.1 1168 193⅞ 130⅝ Centamin ● 152⅜* -½ 5.8 11.1 217¼ 165⅜ Tesco 204¾ +1¾ 1.5 -417.8 4014 -16½ 3.1 21.3 1230 915 Herald Inv ● 1145 -15 — 1362 468⅞ 169¾ Evraz 450½ +⅛ 9.5 12.9 1780* +15 2.6 1881 1746 1150½ Fresnillo 1242 -16½ 2.3 23.0 1813⅜ 1476½ HgCapital 175½ 133⅛ HICL Infrastructure ● 134 -½ 5.9 147 416⅞ 270 Glencore 351⅛ -7⅝ 4.0 12.1 858 670 ICG Enterprise Tst — 2.5 912 337⅝ 186½ Hochschild Mng ● 196¾ -3 1.2 34.6 23.9 650 518 Intl Biotech Tst 530 — 5.1 559 40 Hummingbird 34 +¼ — 16.5 312 250 Invesco Asia Trust 271 -3 1.6 312 351¾ 212 Kenmare Res 221 +9 — 120½ 55¾ Lonmin 58¼ -1 9 6¼ Petropavlovsk 7¼ +⅛ 724 Gas & Water +1.62% 790 ⅜ 309½ 260 Invesco Inc Gth Tr 270 +1 4.1 308 11.4 84⅛ 74⅝ InvesPerp Enhc Inc 79¼* +¼ 6.3 74 157.52 146.14 Treas 4¾% 38 152.09 +0.57 3.12 1.74 144 129 InvesPerp Bal Rk — — 138 1100 716¾ Polymetal ● 194½ 167 InvesPerp Sel UK E 173½ +½ 3.7 178 8255 5546 Randgold Res General financial +0.03% 136½ +⅞ — — 102⅜ 75½ Amer Express $ 92½ -1⅝ 1.5 2.1 29¾ -½ 1.6 3.4 326¾ -9⅝ 2.1 2.0 -13.3 2185 1476 Ashtead Gp 1976½ +2 1.4 19.7 173¼ 17.3 1030 604 Babcock Intl ● 673¾ -1 4.2 10.9 133⅞ 102½ Chevron $ — -0.2 230 145¼ BCA Marketplace ● 161¼ -2 4.4 31.0 44¾ 36⅛ Coca-Cola Euro $ 41⅝ … 3.1 1.1 — 10.2 2472 1918½ Bunzl 2090 +14 2.2 22.2 77⅞ 67⅞ Colgate Palm $ 71⅝ -¼ 2.3 1.4 83¼ Dr Pepper $ 118⅝ … 2.0 2.5 61¼ DowDuPont $ 64⅛ -1⅜ 2.4 0.6 10.2 299 219⅝ Charles Taylor 275 +9½ 4.0 20.9 89¼ 72⅛ Exxon Mobil $ 75⅛ -⅞ 4.1 1.5 73 46¼ Communisis 62¼ +¼ 4.3 11.0 25 9⅝ Fiat Chrysler $ 22⅜ -⅛ — — 711½ 461 De La Rue 496½ -6½ 5.0 12.6 77⅞ 28⅜ Foot Locker $ 46⅜ -1½ 3.0 1.6 7762½ 6445 DCC 6645 +125 1.7 27.3 30½ 12¾ Gen Electric $ 13⅛ -¼ 3.6 1.4 588½ 414 Essentra ● 424⅜* -2⅜ 4.9 9.7 207⅝ 144¼ Home Depot $ 175¾ -3⅜ 2.3 1.8 143⅝ -2¾ 2.1 0.7 — 3.4 200 4226½ 2882½ Rio Tinto 3560* -85½ 6.0 453 InvesPerp UK Sm Co 484 -4 4.3 518 981¾ 688⅝ -17 6.1 -118.3 375.74 354.79 Treas 2½% IL 24 358.38 +0.30 1.97 0.00 399⅜ 312¾ Brewin D ● 350¾ +1¾ 4.3 21.3 419¼ 363½ JPM American ● 378½ -7½ 1.5 398 381.23 353.66 Treas 4⅛% IL 30 359.19 +0.59 2.34 0.00 433 308 Charles Stanley 339 — 2.1 27.4 62 62 El Oro 67 — 3.6 84 — 1649½ -14½ 1.8 36.9 1708 1428 Experian 1534½ -10 2.1 23.5 165⅛ 122⅜ Honeywell $ 815 -4½ 4.0 17.6 5722 4427 Ferguson 5276* -22 — 16.9 24¾ 17⅛ HP $ 702 Intermediate C ● 1027 -9 2.8 13.8 342⅝ 233¾ G4S 250½ -¼ 3.9 16.5 173½ 185⅜* -1⅜ 1.8 649⅜ 451¼ Investec ● 550⅜ -⅜ 4.3 10.8 206¼ 155 Hays ● 21.3 97⅝ 81¼ Inger Rand $ 83⅞ -2 2.1 -2.06 158⅜ 99¾ IP Group ● 125 +4¼ — 17.7 872 571½ Homeserve ● 733 -9 2.2 30.5 53¾ 33¼ Intel $ 49½ -⅞ 2.4 1.7 Germany 0.43 – -2.36 620 410 Liontrust 570 +10 2.8 37.6 249¾ 52¾ Interserve 83¼ -4½ 9.7 -1.2 67 49⅝ Intl Paper $ 52⅝ -⅞ 3.6 2.7 42½* Japan 0.02 -0.41 -2.77 47 — 2.6 12.1 5470 3919 Intertek Group 4658 +7 1.5 26.1 119⅜ 81⅝ JP Morgan Ch $ 109¾ -2⅛ 2.0 2.8 Great Britain 1.39 +0.96 -1.40 4244 3160 Lon Stock Ex 4218 +66 1.2 28.8 392 188⅞ IWG ● 232 -½ 2.5 18.7 148⅜ 121 Johnson&John $ 128¼ -2½ 2.6 0.1 United States 2.79 +2.36 – 219¼ 143 Man Group ● 176⅝ +1⅞ 4.5 16.1 151¾ 1⅜ Johnson Serv 139⅝ +2¾ 2.0 19.9 136⅞ 97⅛ Manpower $ 113¼ -2½ 1.6 4.4 1018 5⅝ NEX Group ● 993 -11 3.1 2.8 750 619 Menzies J 645 +10 3.2 42.7 19½ 10½ Marathon Oil $ 16⅜ -⅜ 1.2 4.8 474 -4¼ 3.3 11.0 313½ 146¾ MITIE Gp 162 +4⅜ 0.8 -3.1 178¾ 129½ McDonalds $ 161⅞ -2⅛ 2.5 1.6 78½* The share prices, price-earnings ratios and dividend yields below are supplied by Interactive Data (Europe) Ltd. The yields are calculated using historic dividend payments divided by the closing share price multiplied by 100. 41 Lon. Fin. & Inv. 556 400¼ Paragon ● 92 75½ Park Group 2402⅞ 312⅛ Provident Fin ● Price (p) +/- Yld 14.6 338¾ 238¼ Rentokil 273¾ -1¼ 1.4 7.4 66⅜ 52⅞ Merck $ 53⅝ -⅞ 3.6 0.5 -9.8 1030 691 Ricardo Gp 936* -10 2.1 20.0 97¼ 64⅞ Microsoft $ 91¼ -1⅛ 1.8 0.7 2.6 2842 2299 Rathbone Bros ● 2374 -30 2.6 25.6 708 380½ Robt Walters 704 +44 1.7 16.4 39⅜ 31⅝ Pfizer $ 35⅜ -⅜ 3.8 2444 1870 S & U 2300 -5 4.6 11.3 184⅞ 112⅛ SIG ● 140¼ +2 2.7 -13.9 94⅝ 75¾ Procter & Gamble $ 78⅜ -½ 3.5 1.4 P/E 3784 3032 Schroders 3156* -47 3.6 14.7 123⅝ 82¼ Serco Group ● 210¾ 148¼ Rockwell $ 170⅝ -4¼ 2.0 0.9 560⅝ 428½ TP ICAP ● 444¾* +4⅞ 3.8 28.2 1709 1192 Travis P ● 139¼ 109⅛ United Tech $ 123⅜ -2⅜ 2.3 2.1 110 71⅜ Wal Mart Strs $ 87¼ -⅝ 2.4 1.6 116⅛ 96¼ Walt Disney $ 100¾ -1⅜ 1.7 4.2 37⅜ 27⅛ Xerox $ 28¼ … 3.5 0.7 1.3 Aerospace & defence +0.50% 52 week High Low (p) Stock -1 3.8 653⅜ -14⅝ — 682½ 533½ BAE Systems 601¾ +5 3.6 22.5 214½ 162 Chemring 205½* — 1.5 85.6 150¼ 111⅛ Cobham ● 119¼ -1⅝ — 34.1 Healthcare +0.02% 3 GKN 422¾* -1⅜ 2.2 12.2 52.6 865 334¼ Inmarsat ● 355⅞ +15½ 6.7 12.5 18.4 111¼ 85¼ KCOM Group 93¾ -⅜ 6.4 19.3 1481½ Burberry 1676½ -28 2.4 25.7 235 148¾ McBride 160¾ +2⅝ 2.7 32.8 367¾ 199¾ PZ Cussons ● 227¾* -4¾ 3.6 14.9 52 week High Low (p) Stock 6219 +17 2.6 7.1 381⅞ 2102 1563 -13 1.9 19.2 73½ 1438 Superdry ● 298¼ JPM Asian 59 JPM Brazil Inv Price (£) +/- Yld NAV 348½ +2½ 4.4 386 66 — 1.2 78 284 -5 0.6 334 653⅝ JPM Claverh’se 712 — 3.9 716½ JPM ElecManGth 775 +7½ 1.5 346¾ 216¾ JPM Chinese 760 833⅜ 52 week High Low (p) Stock Price(£) +/- Yld Oil & Gas -0.40% 536¼ 437 BP 498⅜ -1⅜ 5.7 722 237 164¼ Cairn Energy ● 214⅝ -1⅝ — 792 47¼ 22½ EnQuest 541¾ 387⅛ Santander 463⅞ -7¼ 3.3 13.4 25 17⅛ BSD Crown 21 -¼ — -5.9 121 104 JPM ElecManInc 109 +1 4.2 111 735½ 376½ Hunting ● 2500 1485¼ Secure Trust Bk 1935 -5 4.1 18.0 554 421 CML Micro 520 — 1.4 22.5 103 98 JPM ElecManCsh 100½ — 0.3 102 902 4¼ Petrofac ● 531⅜ 42¾ Premier Oil 72½ +2 Information technology +1.14% Straits Times 3442.50 +36.85 +1.08pc È Spain Madrid SE 983.33 -5.97 -0.60pc È Switzerland SMI Index 8671.04 -71.56 -0.82pc 864¼ 678¾ Standard Ch 712½* -7⅝ 1.1 42.7 205⅜ 111¾ Laird 200⅝ -⅜ 0.6 12.7 935 740½ JPM Emerg Mkt ● 845 -16 1.3 964 104½ È USA Dow Jones 23932.76 -572.46 -2.34pc 336½ 250¼ Virgin Money ● 259⅜* -5¼ 2.3 6.9 512 283¼ Microgen 442½ — 1.4 27.0 448 334 JPM Eur Sm Cos 394 -6 1.2 436 È USA Nasdaq 6915.11 -161.44 -2.28pc 2970½ 26¾ Micro Focus Intl 1128½ +34½ 6.6 21.4 339 278⅞ JPM Eur Gwth 296½* +1½ 2.3 335 674½ 333 SDL 400 -9 1.6 11.5 178 145¾ JPM Eur Inc 153½* +1½ 3.8 175 825¼ 621 Sage Gp 655⅝ +1 2.4 23.6 397⅜ 289 JPM Gbl Gth & Inc 306* -3½ 4.0 300 131 1⅛ Spirent 124* +⅝ 2.4 36.8 143 120¼ JPM GEMI 125½* -1½ 3.9 134 102¾ 93¾ JPM GL Conv Beverages -0.06% 648⅜ Britvic ● 687½ +11 3.9 16.2 2492½* -2½ 2.5 23.5 -3½ 2.8 48.8 +7.22 +0.54pc 2735½ 2186½ Diageo -0.08 -0.72pc 320 155½ Stock Spirits 255 Chemicals +0.37% Insurance -0.05% 95 — 4.7 P/E 28 -¾ — Europeans -0.55% 220 88⅝ TalkTalk ● 123¼ +5¼ 3.2 20.2 83⅛ 71⅝ Akzo Nobel € 77¾ +½ 3.2 1342 1035 Telecom Plus ● 1200 -24 4.1 10.1 97½ 77⅛ BMW € 89 +¼ 4.5 2.6 239⅝ 190⅛ Vodafone 204 +⅜ 6.5 -10.4 23⅝ 16¼ Carrefour € 16⅝ -¼ 2.8 1.4 257⅜ 186½ Continental AG € 76½ Tobaccos +0.66% 8110⅜ 4973⅜ Reckitt Benck £11.62 13.1 234½ +2¼ 6.6 209½* -2⅝ 3.1 -20.3 $1333.49 1224* +8 3.8 216⅜ BT Group 177¼ Barclays per oz — -4697.5 318 225½ per troy oz +2 14.4 Banks -1.06% 839 94 Telecommunications +0.54% 15.1 65½ -½ 2.9 30½ Deutsche Post € 36 -⅛ 3.2 1.9 3956½ 2301 Imp Brands 2554½ +25 6.7 17.3 18⅛ 12¾ Deutsche Tele € 13½ … 4.8 0.9 Transport -0.05% -7.3 370⅜ 657½ -36½ — -56.5 3475 2454 Clarkson ● -¼ 5.1 -88.1 1775 1340 Fisher J ● 290 BBA Aviation ● 79½ Heineken € 90¼ +⅞ 1.6 2.3 264½ 202⅞ LVMH € 262⅝ -1⅞ 1.9 2.0 60 50⅜ LafargeHolcim SFr 52⅞ -¼ 3.8 2.7 38.7 31¼ 14⅝ Lufthansa € 26⅜ +½ 3.0 4.8 3020 -95 2.4 28.9 6 4½ … 4.3 1.7 1522* -12 1.9 19.0 130⅞ 110⅛ Michelin € 119⅜ +⅛ 3.0 2.6 139⅝ 110⅝ Pernod Ricard € 139¾ +⅜ 1.4 2.3 20 +⅛ 2.7 4.1 6.6 — 91⅜ 318¾ -1⅝ 3.0 -2.1 555½ 300 Northgate 341⅝ +2⅜ 5.2 7.5 2579½ 1982½ Royal D Shell A 2323 -10½ 5.7 20.7 575 367¾ Royal Mail 556⅝ +4 4.2 20.2 21 16½ Peugeot € 2617 2037 Royal D Shell B 2363 -10 5.6 21.1 309 185¼ Wincanton 218 +1 4.3 6.4 36⅛ 29¼ Philips (Kon) € 31⅝ … 2.5 1.9 150 87⅛ Soco Intl 102⅜ -3¾ 5.1 -3.0 133½ 99¾ Siemens € 104½ -¼ 3.5 1.8 52¼ 41⅞ Societe Gen € 44½ -⅛ 4.9 1.3 17 10⅝ Suez Environ € 11⅞ +¼ 5.5 1.1 18.0 100¾ 83¼ Thales € 100¼ +1¼ 1.7 2.7 Travel & Leisure +0.13% Pharmaceuticals +0.02% 97 5435 4452 Carnival 4624 -18 2.8 786 644 JPM Indian ● 698 -6 — 796 5520 4260 AstraZeneca 4990½ -16½ 4.1 29.7 1765⅞ 1396½ Compass 1484½ +3 2.3 20.8 49⅜ 42¼ Total € 48½ -⅛ 5.3 1.2 462 332 JPM Japanese ● 442 -2 1.1 474 784 540 BTG ● 607½ +15 — 69.8 1698⅝ 1009 easyJet 1643 +1½ 2.5 21.2 19¾ 15⅛ UBS AG SFr 16½ -⅛ 3.9 1.3 428 +5 482 2794 1622 Dechra Pharma ● 2780* +14 0.8 99.0 154½ 76⅛ FirstGroup ● 93⅞ — 10.1 191¾ 128 Volkswagen € 165½ -1 2.4 2.6 1190* +10 1.9 1230 2597 1652 Genus ● 2312 — 1.1 43.0 1124 889¼ Fullers ‘A’ 956 +10 2.0 16.1 8.6 Price (p) +/- Yld P/E 2184 1766 Admiral 1880½ +25½ 6.1 16.0 469 310½ JPM Japan Sm Cos 550 482¼ Aviva 488¾* +1⅛ 5.6 14.0 1225 955¼ JPM Mid Cap — +4 -1.02pc 4668 3461 Croda 4621 -20 1.8 25.6 585½ 422⅛ Beazley ● 575½ +3 1.9 29.5 103½ 88 JPM Mlti-Ass 97½ — — 100 1724½ 1179⅜ GlaxoSmKline 1422⅝* +2⅝ 5.6 45.3 1952 1310 Go-Ahead Grp ● 1788* +23 5.7 -1.56pc 3511 2681 Johnson Mat 3209 +58 2.4 15.9 411¼ 337⅝ DirectLineIns 346⅞* -1¼ 10.2 10.9 561¾ 438½ JPM Russian 523 +7 4.0 605 2000 814¼ Hikma ● 1204* +19 2.0 -4.8 996 710 GVC Hldgs ● 908* high grade £14884.63 -191.11 -1.27pc 2772 1826 Victrex ● 2564 -40 2.1 22.0 1537 1110 Hiscox ● 1488 +11 1.9 — 1254⅞ 870½ JPM Small Cos 1097½ -2½ 2.1 1307 436⅝ 246½ Indivior ● 393 -1¾ — 69.2 680⅝ 516 IAG Intl Cons Air 615⅝ +1¼ 3.1 7.4 £1691.87 -12.90 -0.76pc special high grade £2301.38 -14.28 -0.62pc 1468 1078 Jardine Lloyd ● 1258* -8 2.7 22.4 306 247 JPM US Sml 271½ -½ 0.9 285 249 32 +½ — 3.0 4944 3656 Intercont Hotels 4290* -35 1.7 19.7 17 high grade £1458.29 +24.31 +1.70pc 773½ 542½ Lancashire Hldg ● 574½ +4 1.9 -22.5 140⅛ 109 J Laing Infra ● 110⅜* +¾ 6.4 120 5021 3708½* +1½ 0.7 11.1 211⅜ 99 Mandarin 169* +1¾ 1.3 54.5 102 £9417.82 -131.34 -1.38pc 279⅞ 241⅝ Legal & General 261¾ +¾ 5.9 8.2 342 296 Jup UK Gwth IT 307 — 2.3 99 Marston’s ● 101¾ +1¼ 7.4 7.2 169⅞ 948.00 -5.00 -0.52pc 195 115 Alumasc 129½* +2 5.6 7.1 259⅝ 184¼ Old Mutual 235¼* +⅛ 3.0 12.2 1845 1633¾ Keystone Inv Tr 1670 -5 3.6 1882 262¾ +4¼ 1.9 17.4 per tonne £145.10 +0.05 +0.03pc 311¾ 252½ Balfour Beatty ● 269⅜ -1¼ 1.3 11.0 820 719 Phoenix ● -4 3.1 Jun settlement $67.11 -1.22 -1.79pc 549¾ +5¾ 7.9 9.0 1992½ 1612⅛ Prudential Tourist £1= Sterling £1= 1 Euro = 1 Dollar = Aus $ 1.7293 1.8334 1.5960 1.3017 Can $ 1.7031 1.7995 1.5666 1.2776 Denmark Krone 8.1039 8.5546 7.4470 6.0736 30 Premier Vet 2940½ Shire 147¾ 312 768* +3½ 6.5 -22.4 652 548⅜ Law Debenture 558* 1779* -15 2.6 19.1 1590 1390 Lowland Inv 1460* -5 3.4 1554 284¾ Property -0.12% 404 337¼ National Ex ● 401 +1⅝ 3.4 15.6 — 8967 6027⅜ PaddyPwrBet 6970 -25 2.9 27.0 637 67¼ 56⅝ Assura ● 60* +⅜ 4.2 2683 Bellway ● 3166 +35 4.2 8.5 672½ 568½ RSA 652⅜* +9⅜ 3.0 24.8 311 270 Majedie 285 — 3.4 311 910½ 722 Big Yellow Gp ● 877½ -7 3.4 — 1020 670 Playtech ● 740¾ +7 4.2 11.6 4270 3031 Berkeley Grp 3862 +4 2.8 8.3 1279½ 1008 St James Place 1052* -7½ 4.1 37.8 250 222 Mtn Currie Port 230* — 1.8 233 695 589 Brit Land 649¾* -3⅜ 4.6 — 250 173⅜ Rank Group ● 173⅜ -6⅝ 4.3 10.7 354 229 Boot H 298 -1 2.7 9.3 448⅝ 349 StndrdLifeAber 365⅜ +1⅝ 5.8 12.3 181¾ CLS Hldgs ● 229* -2½ 2.8 5.9 381¾ 229¼ Restaurant Gp 90½ 74 Breedon Group 78¾ +¼ 53¾ +¼ 6.8 — -1¼ 0.6-2680.0 419½ Costain 460½ +½ 3.0 14.8 648½ 429¾ Crest Nicholson ● 479⅝* +7 6.9 7.3 2404* -34 2.5 12.2 746½* -4½ 2.1 13.8 975 735 3i -3⅝ 3.4 19.4 272⅜ 201½ 3i Infrastructure ● 2955 27 CRH Investment trusts -0.64% 52 week High Low (p) Stock 2220 1807 Mercantile InvTr ● 2075 +5 2.6 2307 256⅜ 514 450 Merchants Tst 477 -6 5.3 500 62¾ 50 Cap&Regional -13 0.2 740 326⅛ 251⅞ Capital&Count ● 268 217⅝ 124⅜ Stagecoach ● 139¾ +2⅞ 8.5 735 +5 4.9 804 3152 2574 Derwent Ldn ● 3129 -11 4.3 — 132¼ 83¼ Thomas Cook ● 118¾* +⅝ 0.5 — 1127 Murray Intl ● 1174* -16 4.3 1134 857⅛ 660 Gt Portland Est ● 692* +4¼ 17.4 — 1687⅞ 934⅜ TUI AG 1560½ +25 3.6 16.3 NAV 1314 878 -2¼ 1.8 701 77 62 Northern 2 VCT 63½ — 16.5 66 385¼ 243 Grainger ● 297 +1⅝ 1.6 16.5 213 -1⅜ 4.7 210 102 88½ Northern 3 VCT 89½ — 11.7 95 291⅝ 188⅞ Intu Props ● 204⅝ -1⅛ 6.8 — 1.0918 1.1487 … 0.8156 851 681½ Grafton Gp ● 11.0542 9.6231 7.8483 486⅝ 355⅜ Marshalls ● 418 India Rupee 80.1500 91.5299 79.6800 64.9839 Israel 1520 1005 Morgan Sindall 1174 — 3.8 9.9 125 112¾ Aberdeen Diversified 118 +½ 4.7 124 86½ 64⅝ Nthn Venture 66 — 16.7 70 52338 430⅜ Hammerson ● 537¾* -9¼ 4.7 — Shekels 4.4545 4.9799 4.3352 3.5356 Japan Yen 143.0200 150.8644 131.3329 107.1100 379⅞ 252 Nth Midland Con 315 -1 1.9 43.1 547 408 Aberdeen New India 435 +2 — 503 268 234 Pacific Assets 246 -2 1.1 263 386½ 285 Helical 341½ +1½ 2.5 10.0 Dinar … 0.4228 0.3680 0.3001 2901 2079 Persimmon 2644 +24 8.9 10.4 774 665 Alliance Trust ● -7 1.9 745 1929 1720 Pantheon ● 1905 -10 — 2195 608¼ 483⅝ H K Land 492* -¼ 2.9 2.9 1353½ 865 Allianz Tech Trust 411⅝ 329½ Perpetual Inc & Gr ● 346 -1½ 4.0 1217 900¼ Land Secs 953¾* +1⅝ 4.5 927 740 Bankers Inv ● 834 -13 2.3 839 41680 38700 Personal Ass ● 34½ 29¾ Local Shopp REIT 883½ 650 Biotech Growth 666 -8 — 707 88½ 81¼ Picton Prop Inc 87¾ +1¾ 4.0 88 189⅛ 157¼ LondonMetric ● 83 66¼ BlackRock Com 73¼* +⅞ 5.5 76 173¾ 109 PremierGlblInfra 116½ +1½ 8.6 142 289 192¼ McKay Secs 276 393 303¼ BlackRck Emer Euro 353 -½ 3.0 373 2010 1812 RIT Cap Ptnrs ● 1890* -12 1.7 1785 538 471 Mucklow A J 523* 169½ 144 BlckRock FroInv 160½ -1½ 3.2 156 242 218⅜ Ruffer Inv Pref 228½ -½ 0.8 225 54⅛ 42⅜ Raven Russia 45 288 BlckRck Grt Euro 314 +2 1.7 334 383⅛ 275⅛ Schroder Asian TR 351* — 1.4 336 156 132 Raven R C R Prf NZ $ 1.7962 1.9387 1.6878 1.3765 673½ 515 Redrow ● 601* +5½ 3.3 8.6 10.4800 11.0240 9.5968 7.8267 211⅞ 173 Taylor Wimpey 188¾* +1¼ 8.0 11.1 Pakistan Rupee 152.2700 162.6817 141.6204 115.5000 Riyal 4.9049 5.2822 4.5983 3.7502 $ 1.7197 1.8557 1.6155 1.3175 Electricals -1.04% 1247½ +2½ — 1228 386 39550* -50 1.4 39042 1225 Arbuthnot 1420 — 2.3 32.3 1790 BrooksMacdonald 1840* -2½ 2.3 42.8 180⅜* +½ 4.2 — 1⅝ ¾ +1 3.3 — 345½ 2⅝ Central Asia Met — +1 -9 3.0 13.9 — 8.8 — 468 3¼ Cohort 347½ — 2.1 38.2 — — — 873½ 860 +2 0.6 16.6 — 5.5 — 4¼ 1 1⅜ — +¼ 7.8 35 56½ 40 Elecosoft 54¼* 514½* +4½ 2.7 — 121½ 98¾ Finsbury Food +8 — — Switzerland Franc 1.2841 1.3535 1.1783 0.9609 423 217 discoverIE Grp 420 +3 2.1 79.2 346 1341 1008 Halma 1164 -11 1.2 34.0 214 185 BlckRck Inc&Grth Inv 190 -1 3.5 199 383 325 Scot American 352* -7 3.2 341 29⅞ 20⅛ Raven R Wts 1174 676 Oxford Inst 759* 501½ 400½ BlackRock Latin 469 -9 2.0 549 973½ 771 Scot Invest ● 792 -5 2.5 871 117 116⅞ Raven R CnvPref 117½ 5820 3024 Renishaw ● 4524* -74 1.2 32.0 171 144 BlckRck NrthAmerInc 147* +½ 5.4 161 479¼ 361⅛ Scot Mortgage 431 -5⅝ 0.7 437 41 31¼ RDI REIT ● 33¼ 3750 2124 XP Power 3300* -20 2.4 22.3 1390 1052 BlackRock Small -5 1.7 1496 177¼ 155½ Sec Tst of Scot 159¼* +¼ 3.7 170 528½ 373⅞ Safestore ● 3.6730 0.7100 USA $ 1.3359 1.4085 1.2262 … Tourist rates for indication use only. www.travelex.co.uk -5 1.7 -21.3 1340 -12.1 12⅛ 526 0.8706 19.0 811 480 Dialight … +½ 5.2 8⅛ Ceres Power 1099 … 0 318 780 Churchill China 8.3938 £ — 1270 12.0563 UK — 16 14.7828 10.2920 31.2100 1 7.3 16.9812 11.8226 4.5035 Cambria Africa — 15.8200 38.2681 +⅝ 136½ 21 +2 4.3 +1 Recent issues 52 week High Low (p) Stock 15½ -¼ — — 101¾ RM ZDP 101½ — — 100 155 SimplyBiz Grp 160½ +1½ — — 15 Polarean Img AIM +1.15% 2580 11.2800 5.1734 22.2 15.9 1600 Rand 43.9593 1145 +5 1.0 3687 +2 2.6 — Krona 4.8208 949 Wetherspoon ● 3499⅞ Whitbread 42 Sweden 39.1600 1346⅛ 4333 — 32¼ South Africa Baht 25.4 755 710 Murray Income 10.4200 Krone 16.2 15.6 628¼ Monks ● € Norway 265¾ +5¾ 6.5 1427¼ -9⅛ — 826½ Price (p) +/- Yld 700 1798⅝ 1253¾ Ryanair 825 HK $ Dirham 219⅞ Mitchells&But ● -½ 3.3 -80.2 3805 494½ 3¾ Nokia OYJ € — -6.60 19.8 1.8 61⅞ Danone € 41⅜ -76.22 — 2.7 72⅛ £637.89 6¼ Barratt Dev 3.3 -4¼ 5.6 2.3 £4795.53 705½ -⅛ 2.0 65⅜ 4311* +25 4.5 per oz Construction -0.07% 222¾ 59 Daimler € 5643⅝ 3775 Brit Am Tob grade A Canada 2.9 T-Bonds +0.30 41.4 Australia 1.0 Bunds +⅛ 4.6 £ > € Rate 1.1487 Change +0.42¢ £ > $ Rate 1.4085 Change +0.89¢ 151½ -2⅝ 4.0 0.73 -1¾ — Exchange rates 2.7 139⅛ IBM $ Yield% 261 *Copyright Baltic Exchange Information Services Ltd. -½ 2.6 21 France 66⅜ È Brent Crude 0.4 1.1 143⅛ 77⅛ 61¾ Lloyds Bk Gp Ç Wheat -5 2.2 115⅛ -2⅛ 3.9 126⅝ 221¾ Ryl Bk Scot È Baltic Dry Index* 93 Caterpillar $ 0.5 186½ InvesPerp Sel Gbl E 195½ +25.90 È Nickel 2.2 24.9 304¼ UAE 48½ — 73⅝ Thailand -⅜ 1.0 29½ Alcoa $ 14¼ -0.36pc Singapore 36 57½ 138 +1¼ — -1.36pc Ç Aluminium Price +/- GrsYd Cvr 12½ Carillion # +0.28pc Saudi Arabia 24¾ 21st Cent Fox A $ 127⅝ Capita ● -77.90 New Zealand Low Stock 39⅛ 721 -16.99 Kuwait 52 week High 228¼ 9172.05 Hong Kong Americans -1.56% 26.9 1236.48 Euro 1324⅜ 990 Young & Co - N/V 1245 +25 1.5 22.6 The Alternative Investment Market is for young and growing companies. Shares may carry higher risks than those with a full quotation, and may be difficult to sell. 22⅛ BankAmerica $ 527½ 11.3 È Lead -0.1 25.1 12.4 21567.52 È Tin — -7¾ 4.3 RTS È Copper — 5658* +86 2.5 Nikkei È Palladium 2⅜ 1545 +15 1.2 175½ Boeing $ 214 1204 14.2 371⅝ 15.1 490⅜ IG Group ● -3.0 -6 3.6 33 -3 4.4 1258 Hargreaves L … 17.6 377¾ 868½ ⅛ 1569¾ 1286 Young & Co - A — 121 732¾ -6⅜ 3.7 318⅞ Ashmore ● 1935 Union Jack Oil 638⅝ Aggreko ● 447¼ 558½ Vedanta Res ● Support services +0.04% ⅛ 994½ 375.42 360.91 Treas 2½% IL 20 361.79* +0.06 2.29 0.00 19.5 -0.15pc 20 Pendragon 385 12.9 664¾* -8⅞ 5.4 -0.94 13 Mothercare 900 1885 +27 4.4 1447* +3 4.2 £640.41 — 1696 Weir ● 724¾ +16⅜ 5.4 618 HSBC per oz 1.5 2326 S&P CNX500 È Platinum — 1320 1664 Severn Trent 1315 Close Bros ● -0.33pc -1.2 — 235 648⅝ Utd Utilities 798⅝ -3.15 245 -⅛ 6.6 2575 1715 £944.27 — 2.7 8¼ 32.9 1078 -0.52pc È Maples OneView Group -½ 3.5 132.80 +0.37 3.20 1.64 +1.11pc -0.05pc 169¾ 8 103½ -½ 3.7 138.99 +0.46 3.06 1.71 -63.92 -0.31pc 150 Oakley Capital 45 7.9 183½ 363.52 133.71 Treas 4¼% 36 +326.25 -0.44 174 5.5 919½ +22 2.7 150 Bloomsbury 139.53 123.29 Treas 4¼% 32 5258.24 -0.68 27.3 -¼ 15.6 21⅞ 1246 +8 2.5 143⅛ +1⅞ 8.4 29844.94 £945.33 578⅝* -3⅝ 2.6 645½ 656⅜ +10 5.5 12241.27 £218.67 13.7 500 Daily Mail ‘A’ 577⅜ Pennon Gp ● DAX È Krugerrand -1 3.2 1025 Euromoney ● 119¾ Centrica Hang Seng È New Sovereign 375 734⅞ Dignity Ç India Ç Gold 230½ Numis 2777 È Russia È Silver 384½ 1358 2024 Change 40.0 … 769 947¼ CAC General Price 20.3 — 40 — 168 220⅛ 463¼ Commodities summary — 4.5 P/E È Japan Ç Singapore -1 185 232 144.64 +0.28 4.15 1.46 Change -0.35pc 197½ 153 MS Intl Price (p) +/- Yld Household goods -0.04% -18.43 75 Mpac Group 220 — 21.1 closed 23.5 215 11.7 183¾ +2¾ 7.7 — 1317* +2½ 1.9 3131.11 12.8 -1 2.1 1173 Smith & Nep Shanghai Composite — — 3.3 144 1442 Æ China +8 2.4 42* 207* -3⅜ 1.4 -0.46pc 390 34¾ Miton Group 105 Fidelity Japan V 569 -0.02pc 290 M&C Saatchi 190½ Fidelity Euro V ● 3398 -32 0.4 -1.10 10.7 235 495⅜ Mediclinic Int -389.24 +1 1.8 160 1764⅜ NMC Health 5886.90 6.0 154 10.5 890⅛ 84820.42 20 Debenhams — 14.0 3558 Bovespa 571⅞ Dairy Farm — — 3.5 72 21.1 All Ordinaries 708½ 55⅝ Automobiles & parts -0.33% È Australia 36 Carpetright ¾ 1493½* +½ 2.9 59 Severfield 20.7 È Brazil 253¾ Kellan Gp — -3.2 1354 Smiths Gp 125.12 +0.18 4.00 1.20 2.500 (2.500) May 15 Apr 16 Index 163¾ Brown N ½ — 1697 88 132.85 124.02 Treas 5% 25 Spread vs Retailers -0.01% 361 322 52 Low&Bonar 2145 368 Net Asset Values © 2017 Morningstar Estimated at previous day’s close see www.Morningstar.co.uk. 91 297¾ +2¾ 2.3 World market indices È Zinc — 139 1396* +7 3.6 www.theice.com/data 15½ — 191 205¾ Senior ● – 17.0 -1 5.0 310⅜ – n/a (n/a) — 3.0 183 +2½ 5.5 2218⅝ 1138 Ultra ● n/a (n/a) 1000 614⅜* -2 2.7 111½ – – (–) -1.23 (-1.19) 837 Savills ● 457⅛ Segro 106 City Nat Res H Yld – -696k (-430k) -2.5m (-2.3m) 1046 626¼ 176¾ City Merchants HY 35.9 Fin – (–) 455 130⅝ 59 Coats Group ● P/E -10.6 397 201 1350 Cropper J -1¾ — -5 2.9 17.6 1975 34¼ +7 4.1 900 -18½ 1.9 90 Price(£) +/- Yld 21⅝ Futura Medical 728½ Bodycote ● 153.80 142.35 Treas 6% 28 Spread vs 62½ 1043 122.12 +0.00 6.55 0.89 10-year Government Bonds 14.6 456 3020 132.43 123.14 Treas 8% 21 266.57 +0.54 1.17 0.00 392¾ +2¾ 1.6 381 796 Flat Rdm Price (£) +/- Yield Yield 280.64 263.31 Treas 2% IL 35 330⅜ St Modwen ● 311 TR Property ● 8.2 203¾* +3¾ 2.0 Fin – (–) 429⅜ 407¼ Stand Life Eq Inc 1296½ +21½ 7.1 181⅜ ConvaTec Grp ● Minoan Group 167 P/E 406½ 659⅜ British Empire Trust ● 699 52 week High Low (£) Stock Index Linked Securities 169¾ +¼ 3.7 52 week High Low (p) Stock Price(£) +/- Yld 502 755 Engineering / Industrial -0.60% 52 week High Low (p) Stock 221 3.6 1176½ SSE NAV 414 824½ +⅜ 5.4 1554 Price (£) +/- Yld — 733 Nat Grid 349⅛ Great Western Mining € 366* -1½ 4.3 1174⅜ 9.8 – 167 Seneca Global 307⅛ BlackRock Wld M -3.8 XD 179⅞ 202½ Highbridge MultiStrt 222½ +½ 868 +3⅜ 1.3 – 555 226 210⅜ +¾ 2.9 n/a (n/a) 495½ +3½ 1.8 425 770 Rolls-Royce -0.04 (-0.03) 373½ BlkRk Throg Tst -7.8 190¼ Qinetiq ● EPS (p) -521k (-348k) 52 week High Low (p) Stock 290¾ +13¾ 4.2 4557½ 3678½ Unilever Government securities NAV 218 Drax Group ● 3387 © 2017 Tradeweb Markets LLC. All rights reserved. The Tradeweb FTSE Gilt Closing Prices information contained herein is proprietary to Tradeweb; may not be copied or re-distributed; is not warranted to be accurate, complete or timely; and does not constitute investment advice. Tradeweb is not responsible for any loss or damage that might result from the use of this information. Price (p) +/- Yld 368¾ -1.56 È Mining 52 week High Low (p) Stock 497⅛ Electricity +0.70% 322⅞ Pre-tax (£) Fin – (–) Fin 1.2bn (1.1bn)123.7m (149.6m) 20.40 (19.50) Ç Gas & Water Ç AIM Price(£) +/- Yld 994½ Turnover (£) Abaco Capital Sagicor Fin Corp $ DIV (p) Pay day 52 week High Low (p) Stock Winners and losers (pc) 484¾ Dart Group Deltex Medical — — -1.5 +½ 1.1 21.7 120½* +1½ 2.6 17.0 Bold FTSE100 Stocks * Ex-dividend § Ex-rights ● FTSE250 Stocks † Ex-scrip # Suspended ‡ Ex-all Cover relates to the previous year’s dividend. Yields are net of basic rate tax. Data is provided for information purposes only and is not intended for trading purposes. Speak with a financial advisor before using any data to make transactions. FINAL The Daily Telegraph Saturday 7 April 2018 Business Markets Currencies FTSE 100 FTSE 250 Dow Jones Biggest riser Micro Focus Intl 1128½p +34½ (+3.15pc) 24500 Previous close FTSE All Share 24250 FTSE All Share Yield q 7183.64 -15.86 (-0.22pc) 52WkHigh 7792.56 52WkLow 6866.94 Yield 4.03pc +0.01 P/E ratio 12.73 -0.13 3560p -85½ (-2.35pc) 10am 12pm q 2pm 4pm 52WkHigh 26616.71 52WkLow 20379.55 3.80 0.00 Change +0.89¢ 23932.76 Nasdaq -572.46 (-2.34pc) 21567.52 -77.90 (-0.36pc) £€ Gold China’s decision Should it use the ‘nuclear option’ and bring down the US? Ambrose EvansPritchard Ballot box security Facebook cracks down on political ads ahead of Congress appearance Page 30 Page 31 p $1333.49 (£947) Brent Crude Rate Change (June) +0.42¢ 6915.11 -161.44 (-2.28pc) q $67.11 1.1487 2604.47 -58.37 (-2.19pc) Market report page 28 Inside +7.22 (+0.54pc) EURO STOXX 50 3408.10 -21.85 (-0.64pc) S&P 500 Commodities Rate 1.4085 FTSE Eurotop 100 2837.31 -14.54 (-0.51pc) Nikkei 225 23500 £$ 3953.47 -7.81 (-0.20pc) 24000 23750 Biggest faller Rio Tinto 19530.17 -46.00 (-0.23pc) 29 -1.22 (-1.79pc) Page 28 Page 28 Energy giants poach Dixons chief to lead their £3bn joint venture By Jillian Ambrose THE energy supply giant to emerge from the SSE-Npower tie-up will be spearheaded by the chief executive behind the high street mega-merger of Dixons and Carphone Warehouse. The “big six” energy suppliers have poached Katie Bickerstaffe from the electrical retailer amid an exodus of top talent from Dixons Carphone, to lead the £3bn energy supplier, which is expected to begin trading early next year. Ms Bickerstaffe, the boss of Dixons Carphone’s UK and Ireland business, will take up the post later this year. She is the first to be appointed to the board of the new venture between Npower and SSE’s retail spin-off that will supply around 11.5 million homes across the UK. She is also the first female chief executive of a major household energy supplier in the UK. The new company will be Britain’s largest electricity supplier, second only to British Gas as the country’s largest household gas supplier, at a time of rising political pressures facing utility companies. Alistair Phillips-Davies, the chief executive of SSE, said Ms Bickerstaffe brings “enormous capacity to unlock the great potential that exists in combining the experience and insight of two established players with the agility of a new, independent company”. She joined Dixons in 2008 and took a seat on its board in 2012 before becoming chief executive for the UK and Ireland business in 2015. Her previous retail experience has included stints at Kwik Save, Somerfield, Dyson, PepsiCo, Unilever and on the board of SSE. Mr Phillips-Davies said the role as non-executive director of the FTSE 100 energy company has provided an “excellent insight into the challenges of the retail energy market”. Ms Bickerstaffe is expected to take the reins as the Government moves ahead with legislation to cap standard energy tariffs to tackle fears that customers who fail to switch to a cheaper deal are being overcharged. The move is likely to wipe almost £1bn in profits from the household China draws up plans to hit back at Trump tariffs By Anna Isaac and Neil Connor RENEWED fears of a trade war between China and the US sent Wall Street spiralling lower yesterday as the two powers continued to exchange barbs. President Donald Trump has declared on social media that China receives special treatment from the World Trade Organisation and it is unfair to the US, raising questions about how useful the multilateral organisation will be as a route for de-escalation in the emerging trade conflict between the two nations. “China, which is a great economic power, is considered a developing nation within the World Trade Organisation. They therefore get tremendous perks and advantages, especially over the US. Does anybody think this is fair? We were badly represented. The WTO is unfair to US,” Mr Trump tweeted. His tweet followed a warning from China that it was prepared to retaliate in a trade conflict with the US with “any measures”. Gao Feng, a Chinese ministry of commerce spokesman, added: “If multilateralism and liberal trade are threatened, the economic globalisation will be ruined and the whole world’s economic recovery will be affected and threatened severely.” The remarks followed a threat from the US administration to place additional tariffs of $100bn (£71bn) on Chinese goods. Should President Trump follow through and impose these taxes, that would bring the total toll to $150bn worth of Chinese imports. China has so far positioned itself as a defender of free trade in the row, claiming that it will as far as possible look for resolution via the WTO, the global regulator for trade between countries. Mr Gao added that should the new $100bn of tariffs be imposed, China had a “fully prepared” plan of retaliation and “will not hesitate to act”. The form of this retaliation is a major concern for markets. China cannot easily expand the number of goods it targets much further, as it imports less from the US than vice versa. The US blue-chip Dow Jones index yesterday closed down 572.5 points, or 2.3pc. David Dollar, Chinese economic expert at the Brookings Institution, said China’s response to US protectionism was being decided at the highest level. Mr Dollar said: “President Xi Jinping cannot appear weak and there is strong public support for China to take a firm line in response. China also can make life difficult for American firms operating in China. “I doubt that they would manipulate their currency as part of the response because that could cause problems with other trading partners. “The US dollar may well appreciate if a full-blown trade war develops because that is the kind of global shock during which investors usually head for the safe haven of the US.” Beijing could up the level of tariffs from 25pc on the already listed targeted goods. It could also make it hard for US firms to operate in China. Other options could include selling some of its large stockpile of close to $1.2 trillion in US treasuries. Such action would potentially weaken China’s currency, however. Mr Gao said that extra tariffs and the trade conflict they could provoke were the US “lifting a rock only to drop it on their feet”. Acknowledging that the US might be harmed in a trade war, Mr Trump told WABC Radio that it could result in “a little pain”. Comment: Page 30 Bestway saves 2,000 jobs in Conviviality shops purchase By Bradley Gerrard THE jobs of nearly 2,000 workers at collapsed drinks business Conviviality look set to be saved as cash and carry wholesaler Bestway prepares to snap up the fallen firm’s retail chains including Bargain Booze. Bestway is understood to be imminently announcing the purchase of the Bargain Booze and Wine Rack chains, as well as other Conviviality businesses Select Convenience and WS Retail. Conviviality dramatically collapsed last month after failing to secure rescue funding from shareholders. A deal would secure some 2,000 jobs, bringing the total number saved to roughly 4,000 following the purchase of Matthew Clark and Bibendum by Magners cider maker C&C. Bestway, run by Zameer Choudrey, is thought to have paid roughly £7.5m Zameer Choudrey of Bestway: the firm is to snap up Bargain Booze and other Conviviality retail chains JOHN NGUYEN/JNVISUALS Wall Street suffers further sell-off as President’s announcement raises tensions over trade energy market and has already dragged the share price of British Gas owner Centrica to a 14-year low. Meanwhile, the big six energy suppliers continue to lose customers as new entrants eat into their market. The SSE-Npower merger is yet to receive the go-ahead from the Competition and Markets Authority but hopes to move ahead in the final quarter of this year or the first quarter of 2019. A cut above These two flawless white diamonds, each weighing in at over 50 carats, are expected to fetch more than £10.5m when they are auctioned by Sotheby’s in May. The 51.71-carat round brilliant-cut gem and 50.39-carat oval diamond were mined in Botswana. for the Conviviality businesses. Conviviality’s administrator PwC declined to comment. Conviviality ran into trouble last month after a string of profit warnings and revealing an unexpected £30m tax bill. It promptly axed its chief executive Diana Hunter, who had overseen its breakneck expansion since floating on Aim in 2013. Last month Conviviality failed in a last-ditch attempt to raise £125m from investors, reporting “insufficient demand”. It formally appoint PwC as administrators on Thursday, but excluded the retail arm. Yesterday afternoon the company said it was continuing “to pursue opportunities in respect of the Conviviality Retail business”. Earlier this week, Investec resigned from its role as nominated adviser of the company, effectively confirming that Conviviality will not return to the stock market even though just a few months ago its value stood at roughly £800m. The talks between Conviviality and Bestway were first reported by Sky News. The group’s collapse follows a run of bad news for the high street, which has seen several restaurant chains enter into restructurings to close stores and agree rent cuts. Noble’s nemesis warns rescue plan will fail Productivity rise insufficient to ease fears By Jon Yeomans STRICKEN commodities trader Noble Group is on the ropes once again after its nemesis, an anonymous research group named Iceberg, warned its rescue plan had “zero chance of success”. Singapore-listed Noble, which ships metals around Asia, announced a controversial $3.5bn (£2.5bn) restructuring deal earlier this year that would hand control to some of its biggest creditors and virtually wipe out existing shareholders, leaving them with just 10pc of the company. The plan incited fury because it would have awarded 20pc of Noble to existing management. Under pressure, the plan was later revised to give management and existing shareholders 17.5pc each. Iceberg Research, a long-time critic of Noble that first questioned its bookkeeping in a series of explosive reports in 2015, said yesterday: “This plan is absolutely not viable. In fact, it has zero chance of success and everybody at Noble already knows it.” Iceberg alleges that Noble management wants shareholders to sign up to the plan simply to give them a protection from future lawsuits. “Accepting the release clause would be a terrible mistake,” it added. Noble is currently seeking shareholders’ approval to press ahead with its rescue plan, warning it will begin an administration process in the UK without it. It is also facing a lawsuit from one of its biggest shareholders, Abu Dhabibased fund Goldilocks, which has accused it of inflating its assets. Noble has denied the allegations. Yesterday Goldilocks warned the restructuring plan was “doomed to fail” and said the company was not treating all of its shareholders fairly. The Singapore Stock Exchange issued a similar warning, urging Noble’s creditors to reconsider its plan. It also criticised a plan from Noble’s creditors, which proposed denying shares in any new company to investors who voted against the initial restructuring plan. Noble was founded in Hong Kong in 1986 by British trader Richard Elman. He stepped back from the day-to-day running last year after the scale of its losses became apparent, and resigned from the board last month. Noble Group declined to comment. By Anna Isaac PRODUCTIVITY figures released yesterday show a continued improvement in output per hour in the UK, but confirm it is still a major problem for the economy. In the three months to December, productivity grew by 0.7pc, according to the Office for National Statistics (ONS). This is a slight downgrade from the ONS’s so-called “flash” estimate of 0.8pc in February. It marks a second quarter of growth above the pre-crisis level of 0.5pc. It is slightly lower than that seen between July and September, in which productivity ticked up by 0.9pc. The UK continues to lag other major economies, however. In 2016, workers were 16.3pc less productive, on average, than in other G7 nations. The increase in productivity levels seen at the end of last year, as measured on an output per worker per hour ba- 0.7pc The rise in productivity during the three months to December, according to data from the Office for National Statistics sis, improved as the average number of hours worked fell, rather than because of an improved rate of output for an identical number of hours. The figures must also be considered in terms of the poor performance on productivity in the first half of the year, economists warned. Compared to the same period a year earlier, growth in productivity in the final three months of last year was close to 1pc. That is still half the rate witnessed before the financial crisis, of 2pc per year. Howard Archer, of EY Item Club, said: “Part of the UK’s recent poor labour productivity performance has undoubtedly been that low wage growth has increased the attractiveness of employment for companies.” Cheap labour helped keep employment levels up during the recession and may have been “lifted” during 2017 by some UK companies being keen to take on workers, in response to growing fears of labour shortages, Mr Archer added. PM *** Saturday 7 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph Business comment Regional taxes are a breath of fresh air I f you are Scottish, there was some bad news this week. It wasn’t just the weather or another droning policy speech from Nicola Sturgeon. It was this. Your taxes just went up. From the start of this tax year, Scotland imposed a new higher rate of 46pc on its highest-earning citizens. For the first time, the amount of your monthly pay packet taken by government will vary across the different countries of the United Kingdom. It is not just Scotland, however. If you are Welsh, and buying and selling a property, you will also face a new form of property tax. Likewise, in Northern Ireland you may soon have a different rate of corporation tax. Piece by piece, tax competition is arriving between the countries of the UK. You can debate the pros and cons of each individual tweak for as long as you want. But one point is surely indisputable. Different taxes for different parts of the UK are a good thing. It will encourage innovation, force government to behave more responsibly and make the system more flexible. The taxes themselves might be bad – but the competition will be great. The SNP has been arguing for years that the rich should pay higher taxes to support more generous public services. Now it has a chance to put that theory into practice. From this week, anyone earning more than £150,000 a year will pay more in tax than in the rest of the UK. It is hard to be particularly optimistic about the likely results. The performance of the Scottish economy is already dismal. Maybe higher taxes ‘We are heading towards a patchwork of rates – no one should be scared’ on the rich are the way to fix that, but you wouldn’t want to bet your last bottle of single malt on it. And yet, while that might be true, a majority of Scottish voters clearly support centre-Left economics, and they are surely entitled to see if it works. As are the Welsh. From this month, the country has its own unique taxes for the first time in eight centuries. A land transaction tax and landfill tax will make a significant difference, with the regional assembly predicting they could raise an extra £1bn in revenue. Likewise, if the original timetable had been stuck to, Northern Ireland would have had its own rate of corporation tax from this week – it would have been 12.5pc to match the Republic. That was postponed, but is still on track for 2020. We are heading towards a patchwork of different rates. And yet no one should be scared of that, even if it will cause a few headaches for accountants. In truth, different rates could be great – for three reasons. First, it will encourage innovation. Maybe the Welsh way of taxing land will turn out to be better than the system of stamp duties – and given the way chancellors now change the rates about as often as their socks it could hardly be much worse. Perhaps Scotland will discover that a 46pc top rate raises revenue painlessly? Maybe Northern Ireland will find that lower corporation tax turns Londonderry into a tech hub? We will find out in the next few years. The more new ideas are tried, the better. If they work, the rest of the country can copy them. If not, at least we learnt something. Next, it will make the assemblies and parliaments more responsible. There is nothing easier in the world than spending other people’s money. As power has been devolved, the different countries within the UK have taken far more control of their own affairs. If they want to spend money, then they should be raising it as well. That way, they will have to explain to their voters what taxes they are increasing, and how they are planning to spend the cash. Finally, it will be more flexible. The UK has an incredibly varied economy, from hyper-rich London, to middleincome manufacturing regions, to relatively poor ones. It may well be impossible to design a single tax system that suits all of them. In London, you could make a case for higher property taxes; in Lancaster, less so. Over time, tax rates could be tailored to local economies. Lots of countries have flexible rates. Switzerland has tax competition between its cantons, and the US between different states. It may well have resulted in lower taxes overall. The taxes the Scots or the Welsh introduce might be good or bad. But the competition between the four UK nations can only be an improvement. China has the ‘financial arsenic’ to ruin the US – but dare not use it AMBROSE EVANS-PRITCHARD TCHARD C hina’s leaders must be sorely tempted to activate the “nuclear option” and punish the capitalist running dog, the tango dancer in the White House. They could at any time start to liquidate their $1.2 trillion (£850bn) holdings of US Treasury debt, switching the proceeds into euro, sterling, krona, Aussie, or peso debt to stop the yuan exchange rate soaring. Even a small dose of this financial arsenic would – in the minds of Beijing’s ultra-nationalist faction – set off a salutary panic. It would crater the US bond market at the very moment when Donald Trump’s fiscal depravity is driving the US budget deficit to a stratospheric $1 trillion. The contagion would spread instantly through US mortgages and consumer credit, and would detonate a Wall Street equity crash – the “Trump crash” in blood and gore. Timed astutely, it might decide the midterm elections and deliver a Democrat Congress, one with control over the impeachment machinery. The demise of Trumpism would then be in sight, either because the Mueller inquiry establishes collusion with the Kremlin or because the president commits perjury in one of sundry lawsuits ensnaring him. China need say nothing. Action would speak loud enough. If pressed to explain, it could state, with some justification, that US fiscal policy is out of control and that the Trump administration is not a fit custodian of any country’s wealth. This drastic possibility is on the radar screen after China’s commerce ministry upped the ante yesterday with talk of “comprehensive measures”, which appear to go beyond trade. President Xi Jinping cannot retaliate symmetrically to Mr Trump’s new threat to impose tariffs on another $100bn of Chinese exports. China does not buy enough imports from the US to match it. The Communist Party leadership will not kowtow to Mr Trump. The AFP/GETTY IMAGES Matthew w Lynn President Xi Jinping is all-powerful in China – but dare he detonate a Wall Street crash? “opium century of humiliation” at Western hands is too fresh in the collective Chinese psyche to yield to such crude intimidation. Beijing said yesterday that the nation is “willing to make any sacrifice” to uphold its dignity. The hardline tabloid Global Times has been writing daily editorials proclaiming that China is a coequal superpower with an arsenal of reserves and limitless tolerance for pain, so make our day. “To take China down would mean an unimaginably cruel battle for the US,” it said. Yet the nuclear option is in reality almost useless. “The US Federal Reserve could counter it easily with emergency open market operations,” said Geoffrey Yu from UBS. If the Fed can buy more than $3 trillion of US Treasuries and mortgage bonds under its quantitative easing programme, it can equally soak up China’s entire holdings if necessary. A stroke of the electronic pen would do the job. Jeffrey Gundlach from DoubleLine Capital said China cannot fruitfully deploy its weapon. “It is more effective as a threat. If they sell, it would only eliminate their leverage,” he said. Let us suppose as a Gedankenexperiment that Xi Jinping did succeed in triggering a US financial crisis by this method, the consequences would be deeply destructive for China itself. The ensuing rout would engulf “risk assets” across the world, as the Chinese central bank (PBOC) has patiently explained to fire-breathers on the State Council. “It is just not ‘There is little to gain from irate gestures. Chinese interests are better served by seeking out the high ground’ worth the risk,” said Mr Wu. The global mayhem would violate China’s solemn pledge to “protect the multilateral framework” and would drive away the very allies that it is so systematically cultivating. It would undermine the grand plan to steal the mantle of world leadership from the US, a fallen Trumpian dystopia that is abandoning the international system that Americans built and ran with such high statecraft for 70 years. The Chinese equity and bond markets would crash, triggering a rerun of the capital flight crisis in early 2016, but this time with greater intensity. Mark Ostwald from ADM said it would lead to a worldwide scramble for US dollars, the reflex default in times of trouble for an international financial system that is leveraged to the hilt on dollar credit. The dollar would go through the roof. Never forget that it spiked 53pc against the euro as the Lehman crisis unfolded. The Bank for International Settlements says offshore dollar debt has ballooned to $25 trillion in direct loans and equivalent derivatives. At least $1.7 trillion is debt owed by Chinese companies, often circumventing credit curbs at home. Any serious stress in the world financial system quickly turns into a vast dollar “margin call”. Woe betide any debtor who had to roll over three-month funding. The financial “carry trade” would seize up across Asia, now the epicentre of global financial risk. Nomura said the region is a flashing map of red alerts under the bank’s predictive model of future financial blow-ups. East Asia is vulnerable to any external upset. The world biggest “credit gap” is in Hong Kong where the overshoot above trend is 45pc of GDP. It is an accident waiting to happen. China is of course a command economy with a state-controlled banking system. It can bathe the economy with stimulus and order lenders to refinance bad debts. It has adequate foreign reserve cover to bail out its foreign currency debtors. But it is also dangerously stretched, with an “augmented fiscal deficit” above 12pc of GDP. It is grappling with the aftermath of an immense credit bubble that has pushed its debt-to-GDP ratio from 130pc to 270pc in 11 years, and it has reached credit saturation. Each yuan of new debt creates barely 0.3 yuan of extra GDP. The model is exhausted. China has little to gain and much to lose from irate and impulsive gestures. Its deep interests are better served by seeking out the high ground – hoping the world will quietly forgive two decades of technology piracy – and biding its time as Mr Trump destroys American credibility in Asia. The US president is a strategic gift if handled carefully. He is so ignorant and fundamentally shallow that he might even be induced to hand over Taiwan in exchange for a face-saving frippery on trade. That truly would be the “art of the deal”. For China. ** The Daily Telegraph Saturday 7 April 2018 31 Business Fidessa delays Temenos takeover vote as rival suitors ready offers By Lucy Burton CITY software firm Fidessa has pushed its vote on a £1.4bn takeover by Swiss group Temenos to the last possible moment while it considers potentially better offers from rivals. Financial technology companies SS&C Technologies and Ion Investment now have two weeks to firm up their separate bids or walk away after Fidessa said yesterday it would be voting on the Temenos move on April 27, which was the deadline it had to make a decision by. A bidding war for the company, which is based in London and provides trading and infrastructure software to financial institutions, started earlier this week when it emerged that the pair were hoping to gatecrash the deal. Their last-minute interest meant that the vote regarding the Temenos deal, which was originally due to take place on Thursday, was put on the back burner. Shares in the firm rocketed on Tuesday when the new approaches emerged, but were flat yesterday. Both firms are eyeing up bids higher than the amount Temenos put forward, Fidessa said earlier this week, with Ion Investment offering 5pc more at £38.297 per share in cash. Ion Investment’s interest in Fidessa comes months after it bought a controlling stake in data provider Dealogic from private equity giant Carlyle Group and British media group Euromoney Institutional Investor. US-based SS&C confirmed the talks yesterday but said that no terms of any offer had been discussed with the company. The takeover battle comes amid a wave of UK M&A, as well as a slew of deals in the trading and technology space. US exchange giant CME Group unveiled a £3.9bn takeover of Michael Spencer’s London bond trading firm Nex Group last week. Meanwhile, private equity giant Blackstone made a $17bn (£12bn) move for Thomson Reuters’ financial data business earlier this year. Fidessa, Facebook cracks down on political adverts ahead of Congress date FACEBOOK has launched a renewed crackdown on foreign attempts to influence elections, promising strict controls on who can run political adverts and manage pages with large followings. Mark Zuckerberg said the company would force pages with large followings to confirm their identity and location, an attempt to stop foreign agents peddling propaganda to influence votes. Similar measures will apply to those who buy political or “issue-based” adverts, while the adverts themselves which will carry special labels giving users information about who has purchased them. Facebook has been threatened with regulation over its advertising empire and the move marks an attempt to ward off government intrusion by Facebook dealing with the problem itself. It comes days before Mark Zuckerberg is due to give evidence to US politicians following the Cambridge Analytica privacy scandal. Mr Zuckerberg has admitted that Russian actors were able to manipulate the social network during the 2016 US election and has said he wanted to prevent the same thing happening in votes this year. “With important elections coming up in the US, Mexico, Brazil, India, Pakistan and more countries in the next year, one of my top priorities for 2018 is making sure we support positive discourse and prevent interference in these elections,” he said. “These steps by themselves won’t stop all people trying to game the system. But they will make it a lot harder for anyone to do what the Russians did during the 2016 election and use fake BUSINESS BULLETIN Carney welcomes steps to address climate risks Mark Carney, the Governor of the Bank of England, has hailed efforts by both governments and the private sector to address climate risks, though added that investments into long-term infrastructure would need to roughly quadruple from the level they are currently at to allow for an easy shift to a low-carbon economy. Mr Carney was speaking at an international conference on climate risk in Amsterdam. He said policy frameworks were being introduced and firms were allocating capital. Uber grows UK board with two non-exec hires Ride-hailing company Uber has bulked up its UK board by adding two new non-executive directors, citing their experience in “transportation, working constructively with cities”. The two new hires are Susan Hooper and Roger Parry. Ms Hooper previously served as chief executive of Acromas Group’s travel division and currently serves on the boards of Wizz Air and Rank Group. Mr Parry, meanwhile, is currently chairman of YouGov, as well as software group Oxford Metrics. AO World shares lifted by reassuring update Investors cheered a reassuring update from electricals seller AO World, which revealed revenues had grown around 14pc to £800m in the year to March, despite reducing its advertising spending in its core UK market and noting that trading conditions were “challenging”. The Bolton-based firm said revenue was up around 55pc in the year in its European unit, which is much smaller than the UK division. AO World closed up 13pc at 129.8p. Over the past 12 months, shares are down 3.9pc. Government to consider review of airline add-ons Airlines could be asked to review extra charges added on to flight tickets at the end of the booking process. The Government will today release its Aviation Strategy Next Steps plan, covering various things including disabled access at airports, as well as how to make the industry greener. But it will also scrutinise so-called add-on charges such as booking fees, seat reservations and baggage charges. accounts and pages to run ads.” Mr Zuckerberg said enforcing the measures would require Facebook to hire “thousands of more people” in the coming months. The news comes amid swirling controversy over the Cambridge Analytica data scandal, which saw the political consultants use data from Facebook that had been unwittingly harvested from millions of users. It emerged yesterday that Facebook had called off talks with hospitals after asking for patient medical data, amid concerns surrounding the company’s handling of user data. The health research project for Facebook’s secretive Building 8 department was revealed after Facebook sent a doctor to ask several US hospitals if they would share patient data. The company planned to combine the anonymised medical data with its own to try and improve treatment and care. Facebook admitted it had held talks with the American College of Cardiology and the Stanford University School of Medicine. “Last month we decided that we should pause these discussions so we can focus on other important work, including doing a better job of protecting people’s data and being clearer with them about how that data is used in our products and services,” a spokesman said. Yesterday, the Westminster committee investigating Facebook as part of a probe into fake news said it would question Mike Schroepfer, a senior Facebook executive, later this month, as well as Cambridge Analytica bosses and Aleksandr Kogan, the Cambridge academic whose original app was used to harvest Facebook data. Growth is in the bag Hermes has opened a new factory in eastern France, near Mulhouse, as it expands production to meet Chinese demand. The familyowned design house, known for silk scarves as well as its $10,000 (£7,095) Kelly and Birkin bags, has tended to pick sites in rural areas for its plants, hiring locally and training staff in-house. AFP/GETTY IMAGES By James Titcomb and Matthew Field Samsung reports best quarter ever but warns of chip slowdown By James Titcomb BOOMING demand for Samsung’s memory chips and the success of its latest smartphone have led the Korean electronics giant to forecast record quarterly profits. However, the company’s buoyant financials were cancelled out by warnings that the chip boom of the past 18 months is peaking, leading the company’s shares to fall slightly. Samsung Electronics, the biggest Co-op back in black after it ditches bank By Jack Torrance THE Co-operative Group’s boss shrugged off the chaos afflicting Britain’s high streets as the mutual announced it had returned to the black after selling its stake in the troubled Co-operative Bank. The company, which runs food shops and funeral parlours, as well as offering insurance and legal services, made a pre-tax profit of £72m in the year to Jan 6, up from a £132m loss the year before. Steve Murrells, chief executive, admitted the high street was in “crisis” but said the Co-op’s food business had benefited from its decision to close large shops to focus on convenience stores “just around the corner in people’s local areas”. It also sold 298 very small shops to rival McColl’s, which left its annual food revenues flat at £7bn, despite a 3.4pc rise in sales from the remaining stores. The chain plans to open another 100 shops this year, taking its total beyond 2,600. The previous year’s loss came after a £140m write-down of the group’s stake in its eponymous bank, which it has since sold. The troubled lender was bailed out by US hedge funds four years ago after it discovered a £1.5bn hole in its balance sheet. A second rescue deal last year saw the Co-op shed the last of its holding. Group revenues were flat at £9.5bn and the company said it had saved £16m by cutting back office costs. Turnover in the Co-op’s insurance business, its second largest division, officially fell 25pc because of a new reinsurance contract that forced it to change the way it accounts for revenues, but gross written premiums were up 3pc at £496m. The Co-op also announced plans to sponsor 28 academy schools in the next Steve Murrells, chief executive at the Co-operative Group, has admitted the high street is in crisis three years in addition to the 12 it already has. It hopes to hire 250-300 workers from the schools by 2022, but Mr Murrells said the move was based on its aim to “do good in society” rather than for business reasons. He added: “We are able to bring Co-op values and principles to these academies, we are able to bring work experience and a number of Co-op employees sit on every governing board. That allows us to take these failed schools and turn them around.” Tata mulling majority stake in Thyssenkrupp venture By Hannah Boland TATA Steel is said to be considering taking a majority stake in its venture with Germany’s Thyssenkrupp, in a move that would provide further proof of its commitment to the European steel sector. According to Reuters, Tata may be open to taking a larger portion of the business than the 50pc stake it will receive under the joint venture, once the entity is publicly listed. This will depend on how well its operations are doing in India and market conditions at the time of the float, Reuters said. The deal with Thyssenkrupp, to merge European assets and create a £13.3bn-a-year giant, was first announced last September, and was seen which made £50m in profits last year and saw revenues rise 7pc to £353.9m, is based in the City but currently generates most of its money from outside Europe. Chris Aspinwall, the Fidessa chief executive, said earlier this year that the business had already noticed a boost in demand as a result of the changes linked to a sweeping piece of EU legislation called Mifid II. as a defensive move by both Tata and the German firm in the face of fierce competition from Chinese steelmakers. However, it had been expected that the new company, to be called Thyssenkrupp Tata Steel, would eventually be separated off from the two parent businesses, either through a sale or a flotation. Tata was thought to be using the mega-merger in an effort to draw a line under its foray into the European steel sector, which has caused it to incur huge losses and writedowns, while Thyssenkrupp was understood to be looking to focus more on its profitable capital goods operations. However, sources told Reuters yesterday that “Thyssenkrupp is looking to exit the steel sector while Tata is looking to stay and grow”. and best known part of the Samsung corporate empire, predicted that operating profits had reached 15.6 trillion won (£10.4bn) in the first three months of 2017, up 58pc year on year. It said revenues had climbed to 60 trillion won, up 19pc. If the figures are confirmed when Samsung reports full results later this month, it will be the company’s most profitable quarter ever and one of the biggest quarterly corporate profits of any company ever, bettered only by its main rival Apple and the oil giants Shell, Gazprom and ExxonMobil. While Samsung is best known for its smartphones, televisions and household appliances, the firm makes the majority of its profits from the memory components that feature in billions of gadgets and computer servers. Analysts have this week highlighted rising competition among memory chip makers, which is likely to lead to lower prices and means Samsung may struggle to maintain the string of record prof- its it has recorded in the past year. Shares fell by 0.7pc despite profits beating expectations. Its stellar performance has come amid corporate turmoil. Jay Y Lee, the heir to the Samsung empire, spent just under a year in prison for bribery and embezzlement. He was released this year when a court reduced his sentence, and said he will appeal again to clear his name. Samsung released its iPhone challenger, the Galaxy S9, last month. Early forecasts suggest strong sales. 32 *** Saturday 7 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph Weather and crosswords Weather watch Daffodils in bloom at Warkworth Castle Shocking sight of sunshine sends humans tweeting AFTER the winter we’ve just had, which seemed to last for just shy of a decade, one could be forgiven for forgetting what sunshine looks like in this country. This week, the good people of Twitter certainly seemed to. As much of the country enjoyed clear skies and temperatures nudging through the teens on Thursday, the hashtag ‘‘#sunshine’’ became Britain’s most talked-about trending topic for most of the day. Blinking into the light, the nation reacted as if it had made a new discovery. Even the verified account for English Heritage – normally such a bulwark of level-headedness – appeared thrown. “We don’t want to alarm anyone but our sites appear to be covered by a bright, warm light that seems to be coming from the sky…” they tweeted, with a picture of a sun-drenched Stonehenge. The next day, hype had turned to utter hysteria. “Britain to BAKE in 15C today as temperatures SKYROCKET across the country,” reported one newspaper, inadvertently confirming it has a poor grasp of baking and rocket science. It really happened, though – we did enjoy the hottest day of the year so far. Thanks to a charitable jet stream that pushed warmer air from Spain into northern Europe, the long-awaited arrival of the season we once called spring arrived with some milder weather this week – and it ought to continue (albeit with intermittent rain showers for the unlucky) today and tomorrow. And should those balmy conditions lurk into next week, there could be a frenzy of flowering outside your windows. Many plants and trees that would normally have burst into life in a normal year, from the alders to those final shy daffodils, may well seize their moment and burst into character. Guy Kelly The Daily Telegraph published by Telegraph Media Group Ltd, 111 Buckingham Palace Road, London SW1W 0DT. Tel: 020 7931 2000 Printed at Newsprinters (Broxbourne) Ltd, Great Cambridge Road, Waltham Cross, Hertfordshire EN8 8DY; Newsprinters (Knowsley) Ltd, Kitling Road, Prescot, Merseyside L34 9HN; Newsprinters (Eurocentral) Ltd, Byramsmuir Road, Holytown, Motherwell; and Independent News and Media, Unit 5 Springhill Road, Carnbane Industrial Estate, Newry, County Down, Northern Ireland BT35 6EF. Registered as a Newspaper at the Post Office. Newspapers Support Recycling. The recycled paper content of UK newspapers in 2017 was 64.6%. To obtain permission to copy cuttings from this newspaper contact the NLA on 01892 525273, email firstname.lastname@example.org. For all other reproduction, copying and licensing inquiries email email@example.com Conditions for advertising. All advertisements are accepted subject to the publisher’s standard conditions of insertion. Copies may be obtained from the Advertisement Marketing Department.