Thursday 12 April 2018 telegraph.co.uk FINAL No 50,665 £ 1.80 B R I TA I N ’ S B E S T - S E L L I N G Q U A L I T Y D A I LY @realDonaldTrump Russia vows to shoot down any and all missiles fired at Syria. Donald Trump sent a warning to Syria and Russia that the US was prepared to strike against the Assad regime Get ready Russia, AP because they will be coming, nice and new and ‘‘smart!’’ You shouldn’t be partners with a Gas Killing Animal who kills his people and enjoys it! Trump warns missiles are coming May orders Navy submarines to move within missile range Cabinet to hold emergency meeting By Gordon Rayner Political Editor and Ben Riley-Smith US Editor DONALD TRUMP yesterday warned Syria and its ally Russia that missiles “will be coming” as Theresa May made preparations for Britain to join US air strikes against the Assad regime. The US president used his favoured me- NEWS BRIEFING Puzzles Obituaries TV listings Weather ISSN-0307-1235 9 *ujöeöu#yxc,v.* ÊÑËÕ dium of Twitter to announce his intentions, telling Russia to “get ready” for missiles that would be “nice and new and ‘smart’”. The Daily Telegraph has learnt that Mrs May has ordered British submarines to move within missile range of Syria in readiness for strikes that could begin as early as tonight. The Prime Minister has recalled ministers from their Easter break to attend an emergency Cabinet meeting this afternoon to discuss how Britain should respond to last Saturday’s chemical attack on Douma, Eastern Ghouta. The Cabinet is expected to back Mrs May in joining US-led air strikes, but Whitehall sources said there would still need to be “further conversations” with the US and France before a final news Households 22 spared fines for 31 recycling errors who 33 Householders mistakenly put small amounts of rubbish in the 34 wrong recycling bins should not be fined, councils have been told. Town halls have been warned in new government guidelines that they cannot fine householders for “minor breaches of waste rules”. Page 2 decision could be taken, and that no timetable for potential air strikes had yet been agreed. Yesterday Mrs May hardened her stance towards Syria as she said the UK, US and France were “rapidly reaching” a clear picture of who was responsible for the chemical attack. Mrs May said “all the indications are that the Syrian regime was responsible”, adding: “The continued use of chemical weapons cannot go unchallenged.” Sources indicated to The Telegraph that Mrs May has now abandoned any intentions of seeking the backing of Parliament – which does not sit until Monday – for military action. There are reports that Bashar al-Assad’s forces have already started moving aircraft and vehicles away from comment news airbases that are likely to be targeted, and both Mr Trump and Emmanuel Macron, the French president, have stressed the need to act swiftly. Whitehall sources said any military action was expected to take place before Monday, and by gaining the backing of her Cabinet Mrs May will clear the last domestic obstacle standing in the way of British participation. Jeremy Corbyn, the Labour leader, said Parliament should be given a say on British involvement in air strikes, but there is no legal requirement to do so, as committing the Armed Forces to action is covered by Royal prerogative. In other developments yesterday, Yulia Skripal, the daughter of the former spy Sergei Skripal, made clear she does not want the help of the Russian features Battle of the Toby Young bouquets for Zuckerberg and stabbed burglar My plan to Facebook aren’t The battle of the floral save the tributes to the burglar killed as big as Open in a south London house flared up once more, with they seem University bouquets placed by his Nick Timothy Page 20 family being torn down. Residents told of their desire for a return to normal life after the death of Henry Vincent during a raid on the house of a pensioner. Page 7 Page 26 ‘This missile is so smart it finds President Trump’s tweets painfully embarrassing’ embassy. Miss Skripal, who was poisoned with her father in Salisbury last month, said that “at the moment I do not wish to avail myself of their services”, after Russia suggested she had effectively been kidnapped following the attack. Mr Trump’s tweets, which dramatically intensified tensions over Syria, appeared to be a response to earlier comments by Alexander Zasypkin, the Russian ambassador to Lebanon, who warned that: “If there is an American strike, then we... will shoot down the missiles and target the positions from where they were launched.” Mr Trump responded by tweeting: Continued on Page 4 Mark Almond: Page 21 news features ‘Stop Brexit’ campaign with £1m war chest Real win thriller Running the pro-life gauntlet with last-ditch penalty Inside the Real Madrid squeaked abortion through to the Champions League semi-finals thanks to centre a last-minute penalty from Cristiano Ronaldo. The buffer Spanish side, 3-0 up on zone Juventus from the first leg, Pro-Remain groups are launching a £1 million campaign to stop Brexit this weekend. The campaign, with support from MPs from all three main parties, will call on Parliament to give the public a vote on the terms of the final deal, with the chance to stay in the EU if they vote against it. Page 8 Page 25 sport conceded three goals and the tie was heading for extra time until the injury time foul by the Italians. Sport, page 5 2 Thursday 12 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph ** News Families should be spared fines for putting recycling in the wrong bin, councils told By Christopher Hope CHIEF POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT HOUSEHOLDERS who mistakenly put small amounts of recycling material in the wrong bins should not be fined, according to new Government guidance to councils. Town halls have been told that they cannot fine householders for “minor breaches of waste rules” such as putting recycling material in the wrong boxes for collection. More local authorities are bringing in tough new fines of up to £100 for homeowners who fail to follow recycling rules as they seek to increase stalled rates. However, the new Government guidance has told town halls that they cannot be issued for “minor problems”. This includes householders who “put something in the wrong receptacle by mistake, forget to close receptacle lids [and] leave receptacles out for a few hours before a collection”. Fines can be issued for householders who leave their bins on roads so that they cause “an obstruction to neighbours, such as forcing people using wheelchairs or buggies to walk on the road”, it says. Similarly, inspectors can fine householders if they allow their bins to become “unsightly” or are allowed to attract vermin like foxes and rats because they are left out for days before a collection. Often a small amount of the wrong sort of recycling can mean that an en- tire truck load goes to landfill. The fines can be levied under the 1990 Environmental Protection Act. Earlier this year in Chichester councillors approved fines for residents who repeatedly put the wrong items in their recycling bins. £100 The maximum amount that local authorities can fine householders for breaching waste rules Residents in Rhondda Cynon Taff who mix recyclables in with their residual waste can also face a £100 on- the-spot fine after a vote by councillors in January. A Government spokesman said: “The Government wishes to encourage a measured and balanced approach, where householders are not penalised for minor breaches of waste bin rules. “The use of these penalties should focus on those who cause genuine harm to the local environment. “It is good practice to try and inform the household about any issues on the presentation of their waste bins.” The guidance makes clear that all householders must receive a written warning to explain how they have broken waste collection rules. Bin inspectors should first issue “a letter or information notice” to householders suspected of breaking the rules. If they do not change their behaviour, they have to be issued with a “notice of intent” making clear that that they “may get a fixed penalty”. They then receive a final notice 28 days after the notice of intent setting out why they have been given a penalty notice. In response, Cllr Martin Tett, the Local Government Association’s environment spokesman, said: “There is no one-size-fits-all solution when it comes to waste collection services and councils always work with householders to offer the best service possible for their residents. “Fines are only used to ensure the most effective waste collection process and to ensure that our communities are left clean and tidy.” ‘Stop parents pulling pupils from RE out of prejudice’ By Sarah Knapton SCIENCE EDITOR By Camilla Turner EDUCATION EDITOR A PERSONALISED vaccine which boosts a patient’s immune system has nearly doubled the number of women surviving ovarian cancer for two years in a promising new breakthrough. A pilot study involving 25 women showed that reprogramming their own immune cells so that they recognise their own tumour radically improved survival. Nearly eight out of 10 (78 per cent) of women given the vaccine alongside immunotherapy drugs have now survived for two years, compared with 44 per cent who received the drugs alone. Dr Lana Kandalaft, of the University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, said: “Ovarian cancer is a silent killer which when diagnosed is usually in its advanced stage. “A combination of chemotherapy and surgery is usually the standard of care in the primary setting, but 85 per cent of patients recur and are left with few other curative options. “It was demonstrated that about 55 per cent of ovarian cancer patients have a spontaneous immune response, and this response actually correlates with better overall survival in these patients.” The vaccine is made by taking immune cells from the patient’s own blood which are then exposed to material from the tumour to train them to identify and infiltrate cancerous cells. At one year, 100 per cent of the vaccinated patients – all of who had late stage cancer – were still alive compared with 60 per cent of those who had received just the two drugs. Dr Kandalaft added: “The patients who received the vaccine mounted an immune response against their own tumours.” Ovarian cancer is the sixth most common cancer among British women, with more than 7,400 new cases each year. It mainly affects those who have been through the menopause, with 82 per cent of cases among women over 50. Survival rates are poor because only 15 per cent of tumours are picked up at an early stage. Although the study met all of its goals, it was not a random, placebo-controlled trial, and researchers are now keen to begin larger trials. But they are confident the treatment could move quickly to the clinic if it is shown to be as effective. “We aren’t giving patients any completely new drugs in combination with this personalised vaccine,” she points out. “Bevacizumab and cyclophosphamide are routinely used to treat recurrent ovarian cancer. All we did was add the vaccine. This means that we should be able to easily integrate this personalised immunotherapy into the current standard of care for recurrent ovarian cancer.” The pilot results were published in the journal Science Translational Medicine. “PREJUDICED” parents are pulling their children from Religious Education classes because they don’t want them learning about Islam, teachers have warned. Mothers and fathers are abusing their right to withdraw children from the classes, and this is hampering schools’ attempts to “prepare a child for life in modern Britain”, the Association of Teachers and Lecturers’ annual conference heard. Delegates have agreed to urge the Government to take steps to prevent parents from selectively withdrawing their children, specifically from the teaching of individual religions. Proposing the motion, Richard Griffiths from the union’s Inner London branch, said that RE today has developed into a subject “that allows for critical thinking, big questions, allows children to explore their own and other religious beliefs and non-beliefs”. He said the resolution was not against parents’ rights to withdraw youngsters, but was concerned about evidence that suggested an increase in the abuse of the right, and the potential for it to be abused. Mr Griffiths argued that the right, in the “rare cases” where parents’ religious beliefs provided genuine grounds for withdrawal, was “very different to the cases of parents with certain prejudices, including Islamophobia and anti-Semitism, who wish to remove their children from certain lessons or visits to places of worship that would significantly hinder the ability of the school to prepare a child for life in modern Britain”. He highlighted a recent Press Association investigation that indicated there had been a 48 per cent rise in hate-related crimes linked to race and ethnicity between 2015-16 and 2016-17. Mr Griffiths told the conference: “I’m sure you are well aware of the dangers of members of society closing themselves off to the rest of the world, the dangers of social media channelling an ever more extreme reflection of people’s beliefs, without balance, and the dangers of those children who are ignorant of other religious beliefs and non-beliefs, and lack an understanding of the way that individuals, regardless of religion, can work together and make a positive difference to society are increasingly vulnerable to targeting by extremists.” Kim Knappett, the union’s vicepresident, said she had been shown a letter by a head teacher from a parent who was asking to selectively remove their child from RE, and that “the letter was so foul”, her view was that they should refer it to the relevant authorities. In another case, she had been talking to students of different ages about RE in sixth-forms and they told her they believed it was important that they learn about each other, and to question and debate. IAN WEST/PA WIRE Personalised vaccine helps women to fight cancer Take a bow Naomie Harris, the London actress, sports a stunning bow on the red carpet before the European premiere of Rampage, the action adventure film in which she co-stars with Dwayne “The Rock” Johnson, at Cineworld in Leicester Square last night. In tomorrow’s Features section Style on Friday New rugs for an instant Spring update Diana’s Halo Trust outfit to be shown for the first time Pace of shoe shops’ decline second only to fashion stores DIANA, Princess of Wales’s landmines outfit is to go on display at Kensington Palace as part of the Diana: Her Fashion story exhibition. The Halo Trust-branded protective vest, which was worn by the Princess on her high-profile visit to Angola in 1997, has never been displayed before. A simple sleeveless blue-denim shirt and the Armani chinos worn by Diana during the trip will also be on show. The Duke of Cambridge and Prince Harry have loaned the exhibition their late mother’s items. On the visit, Diana famously walked through a cleared landmine area in the African country to highlight the problem with the military munitions. The pictures of her wearing the vest were seen all over the world. The visit took place just months before she died in a car crash in Paris. Other new items on loan from William and Harry include a glamorous, purple Versace gown and the pink Bellville Sassoon suit she wore to board the train to her honeymoon in 1981.. By Katie Morley CONSUMER AFFAIRS EDITOR SHOE shops are dying out, a report has warned, as they are among the stores disappearing fastest from the high street. Second only to fashion retailers, the number of shoe shops in the UK reduced by 86 last year as 164 closed and just 78 opened, according to the Local Data Company. Experts described the rate of decline as “surprising”, and said it signalled a move away from the traditional process of consumers trying on shoes before buying them. Shoe shops were followed by charity shops, pubs and convenience stores, which also saw high levels of closures. A total of 5,855 outlets closed on Britain’s high streets in 2017, at a rate of 16 stores a day, a slight increase on the 15 stores a day that closed in 2016, when 5,430 outlets shut down. It is the second consecutive year that the number of closures has risen. The findings equate to an overall net loss of 1,772 stores disappearing in 2017. Clive Black, head of research at Shore Capital, the consumer analyst, said: “I am surprised to see shoe shops losing out so much as they are usually more protected from shoppers going online instead of to a physical store. “Previously a lot of women have tended to browse online and then try shoes on in store, but clearly the shoe sector is not immune from people ditching this approach.” Zelf Hussain, a restructuring partner at PwC, which commissioned the research, said: “The end of 2017 was hard for UK retail and we’ve seen this continue into 2018, with the toughest first quarter ... for the sector since the recession. We’ve seen some well-known names impacted as they face a perfect storm of issues – a fall in consumer confidence and reduced spending alongside a number of cost headwinds.” Editorial Comment: Page 21 NEWS BULLETIN Boy, 3, ‘loses arm in tumble dryer accident’ A three-year-old boy is in a serious but stable condition after his arm was said to have been ripped off when he put it into a tumble dryer and turned the machine on. The boy, who has not been named, was staying in a caravan with his family at Eastchurch Holiday Centre on the Isle of Sheppey in Kent when the incident happened on Monday. Other people at the site said they had been told that his arm had been severed at the shoulder and it was reportedly packed in ice and taken 50 miles to King’s College Hospital so that it could be reattached. The ambulance service said only that “a young child suffered a serious arm injury”. Royal wedding ‘symbol of US-UK friendship’ The US ambassador has described Prince Harry and Meghan Markle’s wedding as a symbol of the special relationship between Britain and America. Speaking after the Prince launched the Walk of America expedition in London, a 1,000 mile trek by UK and US military veterans, Robert Wood Johnson hailed the close bonds between his homeland and Britain. With Ms Markle a US-born former actress, the marriage will see the monarchy form strong links with the US, mirroring the political, cultural and economic ties that already exist between the two, he said, adding: “It’s like a family, you can have squabbles.” 5,000 in Forces have drink abuse on records More than 5,000 members of the Armed Forces had alcohol abuse noted on their medical records in the last four years, according to the Ministry of Defence (MoD). And almost 600 personnel from the Royal Navy, the Royal Marines, Army and the RAF had drug abuse recorded on their files, it has been reported. In its response, the MoD said: “As within wider society, there is no quick fix to reduce alcohol misuse in the Armed Forces. We also have rigorous processes in place to discipline personnel who make poor choices regarding alcohol, as well as treatment mechanisms in place for those with genuine alcohol problems.” Grand Theft Auto has made a record £4bn Grand Theft Auto, the video game which has been criticised for its violent content, has made more money than any film ever made, according to financial analysts. Within three days of its release in 2013 it had made $1 billion worldwide. Doug Creutz, an analyst at Crowen, said to date it had earned £4.2 billion. Minecraft has sold more copies but Grand Theft Auto makes more money from online gamers through its “micropayments”. Lotto 21 | 25 | 32 | 52 | 56 | 59 | B/Ball 28 Thunderball 3 | 10 | 14 | 16 | 22 | T/Ball 11 Mariah Carey reveals her bipolar disorder Mariah Carey has revealed she suffers from bipolar disorder. The singer told People magazine she “didn’t want to believe it” after she was formally diagnosed with type-two bipolar, also referred to as bipolar II, following a mental breakdown in 2001. Carey is now in therapy and taking medication. One thing which held her back from getting treatment earlier, she said, was the fear of publicity. “I lived in denial and isolation and in constant fear someone would expose me,” she explained. “I simply couldn’t do that any more.I refuse to allow it to define me or control me.” Money can make you sad, but not happy Money can’t buy marital happiness but it can fund depression, a study has suggested. Researchers found that couples earning less than a combined £42,300 a year – or $60,000 – displayed fewer symptoms of depression. However, money can increase the likelihood of developing depression among the better off. Dr Ben Kail of Georgia State University suspects the pooling of resources helps the financially strapped feel better about themselves. His team examined data based on 3,617 adults in the US aged 24 to 89. The results are published in the journal Social Science Research. is a member of the Independent Press Standards Organisation (IPSO) and we subscribe to its Editors’ Code of Practice. If you have a complaint about editorial content, please visit www.telegraph. co.uk/editorialcomplaints or write to ‘Editorial Complaints’ at our postal address (see below). If you are not satisfied with our response, you may appeal to IPSO at www.ipso.co.uk. The Daily Telegraph, 111 Buckingham Palace Road, London, SW1W 0DT The Daily Telegraph Thursday 12 April 2018 *** 3 News Facebook founder tells Congress ‘something bad’ may have been going on with data gathering apps By Nick Allen in Washington and Harry Yorke MARK ZUCKERBERG, the chief executive of Facebook, became embroiled in a row with the University of Cambridge yesterday after he said that it was harbouring researchers who improperly harvested data from some of the social network’s 2.2 billion users. His claim that “something bad” was going on at Cambridge came during his second day of testimony to the US Congress. Mr Zuckerberg has been attempting to explain the privacy implications of a data breach at Facebook. The origins of that breach came in 2014 when Dr Aleksandr Kogan, a researcher at Cambridge, created a personality quiz app. About 270,000 people were paid to take it in exchange for consenting to the collection of their personal information. The program vacuumed up not just their information, but also that of people with whom they were friends on Facebook. Loose restrictions the company had in place at the time allowed that to happen. In all, an estimated 87 million Facebook users, including a million in the UK, had data collected and sold to Cambridge Analytica, a private election consulting firm that counted Donald Trump’s campaign among its clients. Facebook has since shut off the ability of apps to gather such data, but Mr Zuckerberg said that it would take “many months” to discover if other apps had also done so. He told Congress that he believed that there were researchers at the University of Cambridge, in addition to Dr Kogan, who had been building similar programs. He also confirmed that he was considering legal action against Dr Kogan, the University of Cambridge, and Cambridge Analytica, potentially for breach of contract. The university expressed “surprise” at the 33-year-old billionaire’s aggressive comments, and challenged him to produce evidence to back up his allegations. In a statement the university said: “We would be surprised if Mr Zuckerberg was only now aware of research at the University of Cambridge looking at what an individual’s Facebook data says about them. “Our researchers have been publishing such research since 2013 in major peer-reviewed scientific journals, and these studies have been reported widely in international media.” It said that those studies had included one in 2015 led by Dr Kogan and co-written by two Facebook staff. The university said that it had written to Facebook on March 21 asking the company to provide evidence to support its specific allegations about Dr Kogan but had received no response. Dr Kogan has claimed that Facebook is making him a “scapegoat” after it was left reeling by its inability to protect users’ data. During his testimony Mr Zuckerberg also disclosed that he had been among the 87 million people whose data was harvested by Dr Kogan’s app, which was called Thisisyourdigitallife. Asked by a congressman if his own data had been improperly used, Mr Zuckerberg replied, “Yes,” but gave no further details. At the hearing Mr Zuckerberg, who founded Facebook in his dorm room at Harvard, eschewed his usual T-shirt or hooded top in favour of a smart, dark blue suit and tie. Eliot Engel, a Democrat congressman from New York, asked him: “You say that Facebook was deceived by Aleksandr Kogan when he sold user information to Cambridge Analytica, ANDREW HARRER/BLOOMBERG Zuckerberg turns his fire on Cambridge University Mark Zuckerberg swapped his usual T-shirt for a smart suit and his notes revealed that he had been coached extensively for his two-day interrogation by members of Congress does Facebook therefore plan to sue Aleksandr Kogan, Cambridge University, or Cambridge Analytica, perhaps for unauthorised access to computer networks, exceeding access to computer networks, or breach of contract? Why, or why not?” Mr Zuckerberg replied: “It’s something that we’re looking into. We already took action by banning him [Dr Kogan] from the platform, and we’re going to be doing a full audit to make sure he gets rid of all the data he has as well. “To your point about Cambridge University what we found now is there is a whole programme associated with Cambridge University where a number of researchers, not just Aleksandr Kogan – although to our current knowledge he’s the only one that sold the data to Cambridge Analytica – were build- ing similar apps. So, we do need to understand whether there was something bad going on at Cambridge University overall that will require a stronger action from us.” The news that Mr Zuckerberg’s own data had been harvested laid bare the problem that his company faces. Critics suggested that if even if the company’s founder could not protect his personal information, how could ordinary users? Last night Cambridge Analytica said its acting chief executive was stepping down. It said Alexander Tayler would return to his previous role as chief data officer to “focus on the various technical investigations and inquiries” the company was facing. Mr Zuckerberg was coached for his congressional appearances which lasted 10 hours over two days and brought with him notes ‘We would be surprised if [he] was only now aware of research at the university looking at what an individual’s Facebook data says about them’ showing answers he intended to give to specific questions. His prepared response to any suggestion that Facebook should be broken up was: “Breakup strengthens Chinese companies.” In London Matt Hancock, the Culture Secretary, warned senior Facebook executives that the Government would “hold their feet to the fire” unless they cleaned up the company’s handling of users’ personal data. During a “robust” meeting he told the social media giant’s senior management team that their practices were “nowhere near” the standards expected. He said that social media companies were “not above the law” and could face further regulation. Nick Timothy: Page 20 Editorial Comment: Page 21 4 Thursday 12 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph FINAL Russian tensions Cruise missiles at the ready as submarines move into position THERESA MAY yesterday ordered British submarines in the Mediterranean to move within missile range of Syria in readiness for strikes against the Assad regime by the end of this week. Whitehall sources told The Daily Telegraph that Britain was “doing everything necessary” to be able to fire Tomahawk cruise missiles from nuclear-powered submarines against military targets in Syria. One source said that “if any action is going to happen, it is going to happen before Monday”. As of last night, Mrs May had not come to a final decision on whether Britain would join the US and France in kes, but the Prime Minister any air strikes, e able to act swiftly if and wants to be when she decides to join any offensive. The Royal Navy has e-class submarines three Astute-class that could be heading towards Syria – HMS Ambush, HMS Artfull and HMS Astute. Their Tomahawk IVs e of 1,000 miles, have a range he subs would meaning the need to lie off the coast banon or of Syria, Lebanon e awaitIsrael while rder to ing the order h substrike. Each can marine carry 38 missiles. naThe alternative would be ne to send one of three Tra-falgar class attack submarines HMS Artful, right, is one option for Theresa May that have been in service since the Cold War, which can carry up to 30 missiles. A Whitehall source said: “We are moving subs in, we are doing everything necessary operationally to do that. If any action is going to happen it is going to happen before Monday because once you start having a debate about it, it will be very difficult for No 10 to do anything.” Mrs May is understood to have resolved that any decision to join allied air strikes would have to be taken by the Cabinet rather than by Parliament, as delaying action will give Syria the chance to move its military assets near to Russian hardware, making it harder for the US or UK to get a clean strike. There was already evidence yesterday of Syria trying to move its aircraft out of range. Opposition groups said sh the Syrian regime was shifting military air vehicles away from its airbase in Hama, Am a potential target for American cruise als said Hizbolmissiles. Activists also m lah, the Lebanese militant group A supporting the Assad regime, was clearing its own positions n r the T4 airbase nea airb near in central je reportedly Syria. Israeli jets ba on Sunday struck the T4 base night, killing 14 1 people, including sev seven Iranians. Micha Michael Horowitz, a seni senior analyst at the L Le Beck geopolitica litical consultancy, said that the regim gime would pro probably move its most sensitiv tive equipment cl close to Russsian forces, in tthe hope that tthe US would b be less likely tto risk accide dentally striking Ru Russian troops. Euro European air traf- fic controllers yesterday issued a “rapid alert” for airlines in the eastern Mediterranean over the possibility of air strikes into Syria within the next 72 hours. The European Aviation Security Agency warned of possible launches of air-to-ground strikes or cruise missiles in the area. The US does not have an aircraft carrier in the area yet, meaning strikes would have to be launched from the USS Donald Cook or the USS Porter, two US Navy destroyers already in the Mediterranean. The Donald Cook departed Larnaca, Cyprus, on Monday after completing a scheduled port visit. The Donald Cook is one of four Arleigh Burke-class guided missile destroyers that generally serve Europe and are part of a Nato rotation. Either ship could be used to launch multiple cruise missiles at sites in Syria. The US Central Command has been updating lists of possible military and government targets in Syria, including aircraft hangars, ammunition depots and command headquarters. Defence officials said one possibility was to render Syrian airfields incapable of being used to launch future chemical attacks. The USS Harry S Truman, a nuclearpowered aircraft carrier, is scheduled to head to the region with a complement of strike and reconnaissance aircraft and surface warships sailing alongside. Satellite photos of the Russian naval base in Tartus, Syria, showed all 11 Russian battleships have left Syria. Open-source flight tracking information revealed that a US Navy P-8A Poseidon was in the air south of Cyprus, near the Syrian coast, yesterday. Interfax news agency reported a Nato surveillance plane was circling the northern border of Syria in Turkish airspace. Kuwait Airways last night said it was stopping flights to Beirut until further notice over safety fears for aircraft in the skies around Lebanon, after receiving warnings from Cypriot authorities. MINISTRY OF DEFENCE By Christopher Hope, Gordon Rayner, Raf Sanchez and Ben Riley-Smith Weapons of war How US and Britain could hit Assad ... and how Tomahawk cruise missile Russia ‘will defend its troops’ Continued from Page 1 “Russia vows to shoot down any and all missiles fired at Syria. Get ready Russia, because they will be coming, nice and new and ‘smart!’ You shouldn’t be partners with a Gas Killing Animal who kills his people and enjoys it!” He later tweeted: “Our relationship with Russia is worse now than it has ever been, and that includes the Cold War. There is no reason for this. Russia needs us to help with their economy, something that would be very easy to do, and we need all nations to work together. Stop the arms race?” Mr Trump was said to be considering a more substantial military attack than the one last year, when the bombing of a Syrian regime air field ultimately failed to stop the use of chemical weapons. The US president spent the day behind closed doors in the White House, holding meetings with James Mattis, his defence secretary, and Mike Pence, the Vice-President. Mr Mattis said yesterday: “We stand ready to provide military options if they are appropriate, as the president determines.” The stand-off has been caused by a poison gas attack on a rebel-held area of Damascus, which killed at least 40 people and reportedly left another 500 needing treatment. Mrs May, on a visit to Birmingham, said: “We are working with our allies, we have been working to get an understanding of what happened on the ground. All the indications are that the Syrian regime was responsible and we will be working with our closest allies on how we can ensure that those who are responsible are held to account and how we can prevent and deter the humanitarian catastrophe that comes from the use of chemical weapons in the future. The continued use of chemical weapons cannot go unchallenged.” She said she was “appalled” but “not surprised” by Russia’s decision to veto a draft resolution at the United Nations which sought to create a new body to determine responsibility for the attack. “There can be no role now for investigations by the United Nations,” she added. Politicians in Moscow condemned Mr Trump’s “light-minded” tweet. Yury Shvytkin, a member of the parliamentary committee for defence and security, said that Russia would “defend its troops” in Syria despite Mr Trump’s “hysteria”. Additional reporting by Alec Luhn in Moscow Warhead 450kg Speed 550mph Range 800-1500 miles Length 5.56 m Weight 1,300kg 9M96 interceptor missile Warhead 24kg Tomahawk missile Range 25-75 miles Speed 2,000mph Length 5.18 m Weight 420kg Russian S400 system I don’t need any help from Russia or my cousin Viktoria, says Yulia Skripal By Patrick Sawer and Alec Luhn in Moscow THE daughter of the former Russian spy who was poisoned in the Salisbury nerve agent attack last night spoke out to make clear she does not want the help of the Russian Embassy, nor her cousin. Yulia Skripal, 33, said she had been made aware of her country’s offer of assistance but said that “at the moment I do not wish to avail myself of their services”. It comes after the Russian Embassy suggested yesterday that the secret resettlement of Ms Skripal and Sergei Skripal, her father, upon his release from hospital would be seen as an “abduction”. She issued her response through Scotland Yard last night as she also revealed she is still suffering from the effects of the Novichok used on her and her father nearly six weeks ago, which at one point left them both critically ill. She also thanked the staff at Salisbury District Hospital, which she left on Monday, for their “obvious clinical expertise” and for their “kindness”. She said: “I have left my father in their care, and he is still seriously ill. I too am still suffering with the effects of the nerve agent used against us. I find myself in a totally different life than the ordinary one I left just over a month ago, and I am seeking to come to terms with my prospects, while also recovering from this attack on me. “I have specially trained officers available to me, who are helping to take care of me and to explain the investigative processes that are being undertaken. I have access to friends and family, and I have been made aware of my specific contacts at the Russian Embassy who have kindly offered me their assistance in any way they can. “At the moment I do not wish to avail myself of their services, but, if I change my mind I know how to contact them. “Most importantly, I am safe and feeling better as time goes by, but I am not yet strong enough to give a full interview to the media, as I one day hope to do. Until that time, I want to stress that no one speaks for me, or for my father, but ourselves.” Russia accused Britain of issuing a prepared statement that was “clearly drawn up in such a way as to support the official statements of the British authorities”. Ms Skripal also distanced herself from comments made by Viktoria, her cousin, who last week said she had Vitaly Khanin is filmed by REN TV ‘reporting’ from Salisbury Hospital, pointing out a lack of guards, asking maternity nurses about Col Skripal and claiming a ‘slippery floor’ sign said ‘don’t enter’ been denied a visa to visit her family in the UK. She also appeared to cast doubt over the British Government’s version of events. Ms Skripal said: “I thank my cousin Viktoria for her concern for us, but ask that she does not visit me or try to contact me for the time being. Her opinions and assertions are not mine and they are not my father’s.” Police have transferred Ms Skripal to a secret location after doctors said she and her father, 66, had responded “exceptionally well” to treatment. Col Skripal is also expected to be discharged soon. The pair had been widely predicted to die after they were exposed to Novichok, which the Government says came from the Russian military’s chemical weapons programme. Meanwhile, the international chemical weapons watchdog handed its report on the nerve agent attack to the UK Government after completing its investigation, the Foreign Office disclosed last night. An executive summary of its findings is expected to be published today at midday. But the Russian state and its backers in the heavily controlled media have repeatedly questioned Britain’s account of events, and a Russian television crew were yesterday thrown out of Salisbury District Hospital. Vitaly Khanin and a cameraman from REN TV were stopped by security guards and asked to delete their film after being caught wandering through corridors and attempting to question staff. In the footage, the reporter comes across a closed door behind which, he claims, Col Skripal is being treated. He tells viewers that a sign on the door says “Don’t enter, stay back”, when in fact the sign on the door simply reads: “Danger, slippery floor surface.” The hospital condemned what it described as “appalling behaviour” by the TV crew, accusing them of trespassing and harassing staff. The Daily Telegraph Thursday 12 April 2018 ** Russia could defend him Royal Navy Astute-class submarine How Twitter tirade in front of breakfast television news set the world on edge President tilts at the Kremlin after Fox News feature on Putin, Syria and election meddling By Ben Riley-Smith and Harriet Alexander EVEN by Donald Trump’s standards, the tweetstorm was quite something. Beginning at 6.30am and lasting two-and-a-half hours, the US president laid bare his frustrations over Russia. The Kremlin was told to “get ready” for a Syrian air strike, mocked for thinking it could destroy America’s “nice” and “smart” missiles and warned relations were worse than during the Cold War. Bashar al-Assad, the Syrian president, was dubbed a “Gas Killing Animal” who enjoys murder, and the Democrats were blamed for driving the Russian election meddling inquiry. There was even time in the president’s six-tweet tirade to bash an old foe – “The Failing New York Times” – and criticise the man investigating his campaign, Robert Mueller. Hints for what set Mr Trump off could be found How Russia’s S-400 missile defence system could stand up in Syria Can hit aircraft and missiles at up to 20 miles altitude Detects targets 375 miles away Intercepts targets travelling up to 3 miles per second RUSSI A Black Sea Ankara TURKEY Maximum S-400 range from Hmeymin airbase C Y PRUS Med. Sea SYRIA Damascus uss Engages 36 targets simultaneously Anti-aircraft, 48N6, 40N6 250 miles Anti-missile, 9M96 75 miles I R AQ 250 miles SOURCES: ASSOCIATED PRESS, ARMY TECHNOLOGY, GRAPHIC NEWS US Tomahawks versus Russia’s defensive wall By Roland Oliphant SENIOR FOREIGN CORRESPONDENT DONALD TRUMP’S promise to carry out US strikes against Syria despite Russian warnings could result in a showdown between two of the world’s most sophisticated weapons systems. US action against Bashar al-Assad will almost certainly come in the form of a hail of Tomahawk missiles, the $832,000-a-piece sealaunched weapons. But that strike could be disrupted, if not entirely thwarted, by Russia’s stateof-the-art but untested S-400 air defence system. Launched from US Navy ships and Royal Navy submarines, the Tomahawks can deliver a 1,000lb (450kg) warhead with pinpoint accuracy from ranges of 800 to 1,500 miles, flying at 550mph just feet above the ground. But they have never been challenged by an air defence system as modern or sophisticated as the S-400, which Russia deployed to its Hmeymim airbase in Syria in 2015. The S-400 has a radar and control array that allows it to target dozens of enemy aircraft simultaneously at ranges of up to 250 miles. And while its missile interceptor capability is shorter range – about 75 miles – its missiles travel at 1,000 metres per second and can hit low-flying targets at just a few metres of altitude – perfect for killing subsonic Tomahawks. US commanders, however, may plan to overcome that impressive hit rate with an overwhelming number of Tomahawks given that Western experts estimate the Hmeymim system has only around 60 missiles. The S400 is not the only defence coalition commanders have to worry about. Russia is also believed to have missile cruisers carrying the older S-300 anti-aircraft system off the coast and defending its base at Tartus. It also has a number of SU30 interceptor aircraft in Syria, which could pose a serious challenge to coalition pilots. Meanwhile, the Syrian Arab Army fields a formidable array of older, mostly Soviet-designed surface to air missiles which, while little threat to cruise missiles, could prove extremely dangerous to coalition aircraft. That effectively rules out conventional airstrikes, which would risk the lives of the coalition pilots and gravely raise the risk of direct conflict between Russian and Western forces. Other coalition options include Britain’s Storm Shadow cruise missile, an air-launched long range “stealth” cruise missile designed to evade radar that could be fired by RAF Tornadoes flying out of Cyprus. 5 Top Trumps The president’s finest tweets uTerrible! Just found out that Obama had my “wires tapped” in Trump Tower just before the victory. Nothing found. This is McCarthyism! March 4 2017 uKim Jong Un just stated that the “Nuclear Button is on his desk at all times.” Will someone from his depleted and food starved regime please inform him that I too have a Nuclear Button, but it is a much bigger & more powerful one than his, and my Button works! Jan 2 2018 uDon’t focus on me, focus on the on Fox & Friends, the president’s favourite breakfast cable news show, which pulled no punches over Russia yesterday. One ex-military talking head dubbed Russia, Iran and Syria “pariahs” that the Trump administration should go after “in a very public way”. Another said Vladimir Putin and Russia “only understand power” and will “respect” it once shown. Both comments aired before Mr Trump’s destructive Radical Islamic Terrorism that is taking place within the UK. We are doing just fine! Nov 29 2017 u The FAKE NEWS media is not my enemy, it is the enemy of the American People! Feb 17 2017 ‘Vladimir Putin and Russia only understand power and they will respect it once shown’ first tweet. His scattergun approach also reflects two wider truths in the current White House – Mr Trump’s raw fury at the Russian election probe and a shake-up in his foreign policy team. The New York Times quoted two sources “close to the West Wing” saying Mr Trump was in “meltdown” over Mr Mueller’s special counsel investigation on Tuesday, the day before his tweets. On Monday, FBI officials raided the office and home of Michael Cohen, Mr Trump’s long-term personal attorney who paid the porn star Stormy Daniels after she alleged an affair. The president has done little to hide his anger at the move, repeatedly calling it a “disgrace” and musing on whether he should fire Mr Mueller, who passed on information that led to the raid. Mr Trump directly linked America’s deteriorating relationship with Russia to the “fake & corrupt” investigation in his tweets yesterday, a sign he sees them as parts of the same whole. The president’s numerous Russia fires – the election meddling scandal, Russia’s Syrian regime support, his thwarted efforts at building a closer relationship with Mr Putin – cannot be seen as independent of each other. And then there is Mr Trump’s security team shake-up. As the president considers how to react over Syria, he does so without some checks and balances that previously curbed his instincts. Gone is Rex Tillerson, the US secretary of state who often urged caution. His replacement, Mike Pompeo, is yet to get Senate approval – meaning Mr Trump is making calls without a permanent top diplomat. Gone is HR McMaster, the former general who was another restraining influence as the White House national security adviser. In his place is John Bolton, the hawkish George W Bush diplomat who started on Monday and is already making his presence felt. Three of the old guard – Nadia Schadlow, the US deputy national security adviser, Tom Bossert, the homeland security adviser, and Michael Anton, the national security council spokesman – have already been booted, with more changes expected. Mr Bolton, out of government for more than a decade, is playing a central role in the Syria discussions. Mr Trump yesterday tweeted it “feels great” to have Mr Bolton by his side. 6 *** Thursday 12 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph The Daily Telegraph Thursday 12 April 2018 FINAL 7 Burglar stabbing Fear and loathing in Hither Green ... how death of traveller burglar led to a clash of cultures ‘I’m sick of all this fuss. We just want the travellers to stay away and let things get back to normal’ Special report R ed carnations trampled underfoot still in their cellophane. Pale chrysanthemum petals strewn carelessly in the gutter. Blue florists’ ribbons threaded through the slats of a high garden fence in a quiet corner of south London suburbia. Across the road two uniformed officers stand outside the house of Richard Osborn-Brooks, its boarded windows and police tape bearing witness to the fact that this ordinary postwar semi is now a crime scene. But ordinary life has become a thing of the past here in Hither Green; despite the neatly clipped hedges, the gardens planted with spring hyacinths and the Range Rovers parked in driveways, behind the net curtains there is simmering conflict. These crushed tributes are the visible signs of an extraordinary – and frightening – clash of cultures that has put anxious residents at loggerheads with local travelling families. This is the scene at Hither Green, where a floral shrine to burglar Henry Vincent has been repeatedly erected by the travelling community and torn down again by local residents – no fewer than four times. Vincent, 37, a career criminal, entered the home of 78-year-old Mr Osborn-Brooks and his wife in the early hours of last Wednesday. His accomplice, who remains on the run, went upstairs. Vincent, who was carrying a screwdriver, died after a struggle with Mr Osborn-Brooks, who was first arrested and then released without charge. Since then, Vincent’s family, who describe themselves as gipsies, have been engaged in a standoff with local householders. As each tribute is removed, they have returned to replace it. Early yesterday a dozen or more bouquets were fastened to the fence by those blue ribbons, along with sympathy cards, poems, a child’s teddy bear. Then, as the news cameras rolled, local resident Iain Gordon ripped the flowers off, jumped on them, mocked the teddy and poured scorn on the poor grammar of heartfelt cards. One of them read: “I will never be ashamed to call you my Daddy and you was the best one I could ask for, I’m a proud daughter. I love you Daddy. From your Pet, your Second Baby.” It was painful, provocative, and totally lacking in humanity. But that is precisely the accusation being levelled at the family and friends of Vincent who have left the flowers on the fence opposite number 23, where Mr Osborn-Brooks and his wife are currently no longer living. “It’s a really upsetting thing to see,” said Janet Gummerson, 87, who was walking her Spanish rescue dog, Amber. “That shrine makes that PAUL GROVER FOR THE TELEGRAPH By Judith Woods In Hither Green, resident Iain Gordon takes down flowers laid in memory of Henry Vincent, the burglar who was stabbed to death, while, below, a police officer patrols the scene burglar out to be some sort of hero when he was breaking into someone’s home and doing harm. This is a nice area and we don’t want to become notorious for all this; my big concern is what will happen when the Catford travellers’ site opens.” Again and again, local people talk of “Catford” and how the conversion of an area near the Ravensbourne River known as Pool Court, into a permanent site for travellers will impact on the wider community. But all that is in the future. For now, there is fear and not a little hostility towards travellers who have been doing work in and around Hither Green, repairing driveways. Rumours abound that one elderly man was charged £1,600 to replace a single tile on his roof; true or not, it is fuelling suspicions. Jack Smith, a 21-year-old student, said it was “common knowledge” that travellers had been “casing” homes as they went door-to-door. “Over the last couple of days, ever since the flowers were left, a traveller has been slowly driving around the crescent every couple of hours, trying to intimidate us,” he said. “I’m not afraid but I can imagine some of the elderly couples must be feeling very upset by it.” Most residents in the crescent, where three-bedroomed homes cost around £450,000, are no longer opening their doors to journalists. Passers-by hurried past the remains of this latest floral display, most of which now languishes in a council skip. But it’s an ill-wind however; by mid afternoon a 24-hour burglar alarm company car pulled up a few doors down from his home. No fewer than six red-jacketed Verisure representatives started cold-calling houses along the crescent. Naked opportunism or astute business acumen? Either way they were getting a visibly warmer welcome than the camera crews. “I’m sick of all this fuss,” said a middle-aged man from a nearby road. “We just want the travellers to stay away and let things get back to normal, it’s not fair to keep using those awful carnations to make us feel uncomfortable in our own homes.” He almost spat out the words “awful carnations”; arguably not since the War of the Roses has any bloom taken on such threatening connotations. For their part, Vincent’s family say the flowers and mementos are an entirely fitting reminder of their loved one. Earlier this week his cousin Elvina Lee spoke of her frustration at the destruction of the shrine. “When other people die they put up ‘When other people die they put up flowers. Why can’t we? We’re not allowed because we’re gipsies’ flowers. Why can’t we?” she demanded. “We’re not allowed because we’re gipsies.” The point could be made that this is about appropriate behaviour, regardless of background or ethnicity. But neither side is willing to back down. The police have kept an eye on proceedings but as no crime has been committed they have wisely declined to intervene. Amid accusation and counter accusation, the flowers have gone. Every night the number of bouquets falls. Will there be more carnations and chrysanthemums to greet the dawn this morning? As they open their curtains, the residents of Hither Green will be hoping that, despite the season, all trace of these particular flowers will have faded. Chief Superintendent Simon Dobinson, Lewisham Borough commander, said he was aware of concerns raised by residents but that his officers “are not there to safeguard or facilitate the laying of floral tributes”. 8 Thursday 12 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph *** News Remainers to launch £1m drive to keep the UK in Europe PRO-REMAIN groups are launching a £1 million campaign to stop Brexit this weekend, The Daily Telegraph can reveal. The campaign will call on Parliament to give the public a vote on the terms of the final deal, with the chance to stay in the EU if they vote against it. MPs from all three major political parties, including Anna Soubry, a Tory, and Chuka Umunna, from Labour, will join forces with anti-Brexit campaigners to demand the chance to remain – branded The People’s Vote. Richard Reed, a businessman and the vice-president of the National Union of Students, is also expected to speak at a rally in central London to launch the campaign on Sunday. The Telegraph understands £1 million has been raised by nine pro-Remain groups to fund the campaign, which already has a logo and poster. It comes as pro-Remain MPs and peers prepare to force the Prime Minister to reconsider the UK’s Brexit position through a series of votes in the House of Lords after the Easter recess next week. Theresa May could face a number of heavy defeats as the Lords prepare to back amendments including one that could keep the UK in the customs union, making it impossible to conduct trade deals around the world. Sir Bill Cash, chairman of the influential European Scrutiny Committee, told The Telegraph: “They are completely defying the British people who made a decision which was given to them by parliament itself. The latest polling says 65 per cent of the British people do not want a second referendum; they are living in a parallel universe.” The People’s Vote campaign is being led by Open Britain, the group backed by Peter Mandelson, the Labour grandee. Tony Blair and Nick Clegg have also worked closely with the group. Others include European Movement, which is chaired by Stephen Dorrell, the former Conservative Cabinet minister, and counts Ken Clarke and Lord Heseltine as key figures behind the scenes. It was revealed earlier that six of the major pro-Remain groups had moved into Millbank Tower to better coordinate their efforts to block Brexit. This newspaper can reveal that the groups have been holding regular meetings to plan the bid for a second vote. James McGrory, the executive director of Open Britain, said: “The various pro-European groups have never hidden the fact that their co-location in Millbank Tower was a precursor to the launch of a new overarching campaign. We’re publicly organising over 300 grassroots events on Saturday and a launch event on Sunday.” By Harry Yorke POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT YVES HERMAN/REUTERS By Kate McCann SENIOR POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT Labour backs free bus travel scheme – at a cost of £1.4 bn Baby boom A newborn male Asian elephant is pictured on the first day of a public appearance at the Planckendael Zoo in Mechelen, Belgium. The unnamed calf is the third to be born at the zoo in six months, in a programme designed to repopulate the species. JEREMY CORBYN will today announce plans for free bus travel for anyone under 25 with a policy that aims to woo 13 million voters and would cost the Treasury £1.4 billion. Labour says that the policy would be paid for using money from Vehicle Excise Duty, which is forecast to bring in £6.7 billion by 2021. However, that money is earmarked for new roads, meaning that any future road building would have to be paid for out of Labour’s “national transformation fund”, a £250 billion scheme raised through additional borrowing. Last night John O’Connell, chief executive of the TaxPayers’ Alliance called the policy a subsidy for “24-yearold bankers”. “As with their ‘pledge’ to abolish tuition fees, this is another transfer of wealth from hard-pressed taxpayers to young middle-class voters,” he said. “Bus subsidies already run into the billions, costing each household £80 a year. Why on earth should 25-year-old taxpayers on minimum wage subsidise 24-year-old bankers to nip between meetings and lunches in the City?” Nusrat Ghani, a transport minister, said: “Our balanced approach to the economy means that we are able to help people with the cost of travel by extending railcards to everyone under the age of 30.” In Derby, Mr Corbyn will say that the scheme, which could save youngsters £1,000 a year, will allow them to “travel to work, to study and to visit friends”, adding: “Young people also tend to be in lower paid, more insecure work, and they spend a higher proportion of their income on travel. Giving them free bus travel will make a huge difference.” Energy firms to be customer-service rated Hospitals spend £3 a day on patient meals By Katie Morley CONSUMER AFFAIRS EDITOR ENERGY providers could soon be forced to display customer satisfaction scores on their websites. Consumers would be able to read “traffic light-style” scorecards to warn them about potential poor customer service, reliability and value for money, before signing up for deals. In a Green Paper published yester- day on improving rights for millions of consumers, Greg Clark, the Business Secretary, listed prioritising consumer satisfaction over price as a key goal. The Department for Business is now calling for views on the use of scorecards to, for example “name and shame” poor performers or highlight suppliers who fail to meet certain minimum standards, it said. The report also suggested that the Open Banking scheme, which lets con- sumers see all their finances in one place and easily switch bank accounts, should be extended to utilities firms. Mr Clark said companies too often used consumer data to identify loyal customers and allow them to default on to expensive deals. The Government wants to end this “information asymmetry” so that consumers can use their own data to get the best deals and drive competition, he said. By Laura Donnelly HEALTH EDITOR HOSPITALS are spending as little as £3 a day on food for patients, despite rising numbers of cases of malnutrition, figures show. NHS data reveal 13 NHS trusts spending less than £5 a day on food, with just £2.61 a day spent by one NHS hospital – little more than the daily spend in prisons. Labour last night pledged to intro- duce new legal minimum standards for hospital food, to ensure patients were better nourished. Records show the number of patients admitted in hospital suffering from malnutrition has more than doubled since 2009-10, with 8,458 cases where it was the primary or secondary diagnosis in 2016-17. Prue Leith, an ambassador for the Campaign for Better Hospital Food, welcomed Labour’s pledge. The Bake Off judge said: “Finally a major political party is waking up to the issue of hospital food. For the sake of patients’ recovery and for their enjoyment, let’s hope the Government follows suit and commits to better food in our hospitals.” Jonathan Ashworth, the shadow health secretary, said: “Patient care isn’t just about medicines, bandages, treatments and surgical procedures, it’s about nutrition and hydration as well.” The Daily Telegraph Thursday 12 April 2018 ** 9 News ‘I’m no monster, I’m trying to save this place’ mah, the universities minister, has said: “I recognise a decline in the number of older and part-time students applying for university and this is something I am concerned about.” Robert Halfon, the Tory chairman of the education select committee, said that restoring the university’s grant and cutting loans for part-time learners must be a “core” part of the review. He said the review would be ren- Under fire Open University head filmed near to tears in emotional address to staff who fear institution cuts By Camilla Turner EDUCATION EDITOR THE head of the Open University broke down in front of staff, defending his policies to try to save the institution. In an emotional plea to lecturers, during which he appeared close to tears, Peter Horrocks insisted that he does not have a “hard heart” and was “hurt” by such a suggestion. Addressing Open University employees at a meeting earlier this year, he went on to say: “I’m trying to save the place. Who do you think I am? A monster? Just driven by business? I came here because I care. I really care. And this place may fail. I’m not a monster... I’m trying to save this place”. In video footage seen by The Daily Telegraph, he explained: “It’s really important that the way that we use language absolutely acknowledges people’s strengths and their differences. And in using a particular verb – harden and soften – that to me, I was hurt by that. I’ve got quite a soft heart. I care about this place. I didn’t come here to be told I’ve got a hard heart.” The Open University declined to ‘I’ve got quite a soft heart. I care about this place. I didn’t come here to told I’ve got a hard heart’ Footage of Peter Horrocks, head of the Open University, making an emotional statement to staff, insisting he does not have a “hard heart” and was “hurt” by such a suggestion comment on the footage. The university is suffering from a sharp fall in student numbers and leaked proposals revealed that dozens of courses could be closed down, alongside a major staff redundancy programme. Since tuition Forget crafts: Girl Guides opt to turn digital By Olivia Rudgard SOCIAL AFFAIRS CORRESPONDENT GIRLGUIDING’S traditional image has been focused on crafts, camping and outdoor adventure. But its newest badge is set to be rather more futuristic. The 100-year-old organisation has launched a new digital badge in partnership with Google to try to get more girls to learn to code and go to work in the technology sector. The new programme will include a challenge for Brownies which will allow them to design a robot, learn about algorithms and how computers work. A separate digital design badge for Rangers, who are aged between 14 and 18, will also be launched. The Brownies’ programme does not involve any computers, but allows girls to learn about algorithms and how they work in computer programmes and robots. In one exercise girls will “programme” an imaginary robot by giving it instructions on how to move around a paper grid and carry out tasks such as tidying. Alice Pinney, 18, a Girlguiding ambassador, said the programme would show girls there was more to tech than selfies and social media. “When we talk about technology, that jump from technology to social media is instant, because that’s what people use their phones for all the time. But computers are there to take science to a new level – technology is far more than this reductionist approach of social media. “There is definitely a lack of representation of girls in things like coding. I applied for a computer science course and there were 40 people there and three girls. ‘Technology is as important as outdoor adventure in Guiding’ It is just that girls aren’t being exposed to as much of these female STEM role models, which means that the field isn’t seen as accessible for them.” Technology should be as important as outdoor adventure in the Guiding movement, she added. “The two things are very very different – adventure gives girls the opportunity to develop themselves and learn more about themselves. Being confident within themselves is a really positive thing, whereas technology is a massive part of society which underpins practically everything we do.” The changes are part of an overhaul in July of Girlguiding’s entire programme. In tomorrow’s Features section Michael Palin ... on Spike Milligan’s genius fees were trebled in 2012, the number of part-time students dropped sharply, as thousands of mature learners have been put off by the increased cost. Last week, academics passed a vote of no confidence in Mr Horrocks, after he accused them of “not teaching”. He was already under fire from lecturers for plans to axe staff and cut courses, but came under fresh attack over his comments about the teaching staff at the university. The Open University’s council met on Sunday to discuss Mr Horrocks’ future, but has not yet declared the meeting’s outcome. The Prime Minister said that parttime students will be looked at in the higher education review and Sam Gyi- dered “pointless” if it does not look at ways to rescue part-time student numbers from further decline. Nick Hillman, director of the Higher Education Policy Institute, said that the university is at “crisis point”. “There has been a very clear market failure in the sense that the high tuition fees work remarkably well for young school leavers but mature and parttime learners are much more debt averse,” he said. “We need a good oldfashioned subsidy from the Government to keep the university open and to reduce the upfront cost of studying.” Feature: Page 26 10 Thursday 12 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph ** News Met wasted time on past sex crimes, says former chief By Jack Maidment POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT A FORMER head of Scotland Yard has said the force has wasted resources on historical investigations. Lord Stevens of Kirkwhelpington, who ran the Metropolitan Police between 2000 and 2005, said such investigations were “extremely time consuming” and were not always worth it. The peer said “strong deci- sions” needed to be taken to ensure available resources were appropriately allocated during a period of austerity. He also warned that “we are going to be in big trouble” unless politicians, police and communities “grab hold” of increasing violent crime levels. Lord Stevens’ intervention came as the Metropolitan Police faced mounting pressure over its response to a wave of violent crime in London. The rising level of violence which has seen more Lord Stevens, a former head of Scotland Yard, says strong leadership is needed to fight a rise in violent crime than 50 people murdered in the capital since the start of the year has placed Government police cuts under the spotlight. Lord Stevens suggested the force could have made better use of officers’ time as he took aim at historical offence investigations. “The problem with it all is priorities. Some of these historical offences which have taken place are extremely time consuming and take a lot of resources away,” he told LBC Radio: “Baroness Doreen Lawrence has taken a very brave stance in saying ‘look, I don’t think there’s anything more to be discovered here’ [in the Stephen Lawrence investigation]. Let’s have a little bit more of that.” One of the most high-profile historical investigations conducted by Scotland Yard in recent years was Operation Midland, which cost £250 million before it was shut down without a single arrest being made. Lord Stevens said he had “total confidence” in Cressida Dick, the Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police, to “make the right decisions” to tackle the capital’s violent crime problem. “Now is the time for some very strong leadership, which we will get, and some very strong political leadership because if this becomes a trend and gets worse, and this is across the country, this is not just London, if someone doesn’t grab hold of this now we are going to be in big trouble on the streets, worse than we are now,” Lord Stevens said. ‘Chemical castrations’ may increase Drawing the crowds The Royal Academy of Arts show The Great Spectacle tells the story of 250 years of the Summer Exhibition, the world’s longest running annual display of contemporary art. William Powell Frith’s A Private View at the Royal Academy, 1881 illustrates the draw of the annual event and features Oscar Wilde among the invited guests. POPE FAMILY TRUST, C/O MARTIN BEISLY By Harry Yorke POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT MINISTERS are considering expanding the use of “chemical castration” of sex offenders as figures show that reoffending rates have surged. Officials at the Ministry of Justice have been asked to draw up plans for an expansion of the treatment following pilot programmes at six prisons across the country. A ministry source says as many as 120 serious offenders have already accepted the treatment, which suppresses libido, since it was introduced. Evidence has shown that it drastically reduces the chance of reoffending. “The department is looking at whether this programme should be rolled out further,” the source said. “The decision has not been taken yet, but the questions have been asked.” The Daily Telegraph understands that Levi Bellfield, the killer of Milly Dowler, and Ian Huntley, the Soham murderer, were offered the medication, but they declined and up to 1,500 current prisoners could be asked. New law needed to convict ‘familiar rapists’ Teaching philosophy in jail boosts empathy By Kate McCann and Ashley Kirk A NEW rape offence may be needed, say campaigners, because jurors are failing to convict in cases of “familiar” rape, in which victims knew their attacker. Experts want a review of legislation after figures showed that convictions stalled at the same time as reports of rape were rising, leading to a bigger gap in the rate of successful prosecutions. Jess Phillips, a Labour MP, said: “We definitely need some sort of review. We need to face up to things like collapsed cases”. She added that a “second type of offence” should be considered. A spokesman for Rape Crisis said there needed to be a “long-term cultural shift” in the way people thought about rape and a campaign targeted at older people and teenagers. Ms Phillips said: “Convicting people of rape in marriage, convicting people of rape through colleagues or people who you know, familiar rape, is really, really hard unless there are other mitigating factors. I think the justice system definitely needs a better response to rape that isn’t stranger rape.” Maria Miller, chairman of the women and equalities committee, said that the country needed a “judicial system better able to reflect society’s views on what constitutes rape now, not 40 years ago”. By Olivia Rudgard SOCIAL AFFAIRS CORRESPONDENT TEACHING prisoners Socrates and Plato helps them develop empathy and tolerance, a study has found. The programme, run by Dr Kirstine Szifris of Manchester Metropolitan University, found that terrorists, murderers and drug dealers became more tolerant and empathetic following a series of sessions on the classical Greek philosophers, as well as later writers such as Kant and Descartes. The initiative was designed to challenge “hyper-masculine survival behaviour” in the prisons, including among the most serious offenders. Dr Szifris, who is presenting her research at the British Sociological Association’s annual conference in Newcastle today, said the 12-week curriculum at two prisons, Full Sutton prison in Yorkshire and Grendon prison in Buckinghamshire, included discussion of Plato’s ideal society, the stoic philosophy of the Greeks and Romans, and the Socratic method of inquiry. Students included the toughest Category A prisoners whose behaviour was initially characterised by “bravado, one-upmanship and competition”. Dr Szifris said her findings suggested the classes could “increase empathy, decrease distress, improve trust and encourage self-reflection”. The Daily Telegraph Thursday 12 April 2018 *** 11 News Book fair host sorry for saying he wanted to ‘snog’ Trollope By Sarah Knapton sciEncE Editor By Anita Singh Arts And EntErtAinmEnt Editor THE Romans may have given us impressive roads, plumbing and an entirely new calendar, but it was always thought that when they left Britain they took their DNA with them. Previous studies have shown that the legionaries left little genetic legacy before returning to defend the empire from marauding barbarians in the 5th century. But new research could be about to prove otherwise. A recent study by Harvard University found a strange genetic disparity that emerged in the South East around the Iron Age and Roman period. At that time most Britons were descended from the Beaker People, farmers who migrated from central Europe around 2750 BC, and who replaced 90 per cent of Britain’s gene pool within just a few hundred years. Yet new studies of ancient skeletons showed that people in the South East were getting their DNA from elsewhere. Now researchers at Harvard have a theory for the strange genetic disparity. It could be that many Roman soldiers stayed in Britain after all, starting families and leaving a lasting legacy written in bone. Prof David Reich, a specialist in ancient DNA, who has begun sampling 1,000 new skeletons, said: “We see changes in ancestry in the South East by the Roman period compared to 1,000 years before. This means that there must have been admixture into the South East that did not affect the North to the same extent. However, we don’t know how this occurred. We are just starting out on this project.” MARTIN RICKETT/PA WIRE Romans left their mark on British genes, too, study finds Leap of faith Fifteen-year-old Hannah Martin from Hove, West Sussex, Team England’s youngest athlete, flexes back her neck as she performs a hoop routine in the Commonwealth Games rhythmic gymnastics competition in Australia. A SPEAKER at the London Book Fair has apologised for his “crass and offensive” language after introducing Joanna Trollope as a woman he would like to “snog”. Trollope was taking part in a panel discussion, and Tony Mulliken, chairman of the book fair’s public relations firm, reportedly opened proceedings by saying he had once read that Trollope was “always looking for a great kiss”. He went on: “I often see her in Kensington and think I’d like to give her a snog.” Clare Mackintosh, the bestselling thriller writer, was in the audience and tweeted her outrage in a series of posts widely shared on social media. She also made a formal complaint to the book fair’s management and later told The Bookseller the comment was “grossly inappropriate” in the #MeToo era. “I find it abhorrent that someone introducing an author would gloss over their professional achievements in favour of their sexual attributes, particularly at an event designed to inspire authors,” she said. Mr Mulliken, chairman of Midas PR, said in a statement: “I was wrong to introduce Joanna Trollope as I did… I have the utmost respect for her and I was trying to reference a recent interview Joanna Trollope gave in an irreverent and light-hearted way but I realise that what I said not only missed that mark, but it was crass and offensive… I have apologised to Joanna directly and unreservedly. I have also spoken to Clare Mackintosh and apologised.” Trollope declined to comment. Divorcee seeking more cash is told she can ‘get a job’ By Patrick Sawer AN ATTEMPT by a divorcee to have a “meal ticket for life” backfired after a judge ruled her maintenance payments should cease after just three years. Kim Waggott, 49, had been awarded £9.76 million and £175,000 in annual maintenance payments for the rest of her life when she split from William, her multimillionaire husband, after he twice had affairs. Unhappy, she went back to court and asked for a £23,000 a year increase in the maintenance payments. But Mr Waggott, 54, has now successfully challenged the original award, leaving her with a fraction of what she wanted. Lord Justice Moylan, at London’s Appeal Court, yesterday ordered the £175,000 payments to stop in three years’ time, rather than continuing till their deaths, granting Mr Waggott a “clean break” from his former wife. He said that Mrs Waggott, the former finance controller of UCI cinemas, will not suffer “undue hardship” – and can always get a job if she needs more Kim Waggott lost a claim for extra divorce money from William, her ex-husband money. Mr Waggott, the finance director of TUI travel, had protested that the ruling made by a divorce judge in 2014 was wrong and meant his wife had “no financial incentive” to get back to work and stop living off him. The court heard that the couple, who were married for 21 years and had one daughter, lived in a “very substantial” £4.3 million property near Great Missenden, Bucks, before splitting in 2012. Following their divorce, Mrs Waggott bought a £2 million home near Chester and a holiday home in the Balearics, while Mr Waggott moved into a £1.9 million farm near St Albans “with another lady”. Nigel Dyer QC, for Mr Waggott, argued that the maintenance order should end in two years and that Mrs Waggott should get back to work and start supporting herself. “How long should an order based on sharing last for? When does the meter stop ticking?” he asked the judges. “It is unfair to expect the husband to continue working long hours in demanding employment and not expect the wife to realise her earning potential as soon as is reasonably practicable.” Rejecting her claim for the £23,000 rise and allowing the husband’s appeal, Lord Justice Moylan said: “The expression ‘meal ticket for life’ can be used as an unfair trope. But it is plain to me that the wife would be able to adjust without undue hardship to the termination of maintenance.” He said she could make up the “shortfall” by investing 10 per cent of her huge payout and live off the interest and that if the money produced by the investment was not enough to meet her needs, “the wife would be able to obtain employment”. 12 Thursday 12 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph *** News Charges for ‘free UK delivery’ banned by watchdog Victory for campaigners as online shopping companies are banned from charging extra for rural deliveries By Katie Morley CONSUMER AFFAIRS EDITOR ONLINE shoppers who live in rural areas will no longer be charged for “free UK delivery”, as the advertising watchdog has moved to ban the practice. It comes after a surge in complaints from shoppers in rural areas – particularly in parts of Scotland, Northern Ireland, Anglesey and the Isle of Wight – who say they are being hit with additional charges for deliveries, despite online shops advertising UK delivery as “free”. In February a Westminster committee on delivery charges in Scotland heard that Amazon shoppers in remote areas were paying up to 50 per cent more to have items delivered than elsewhere in the UK. The Committee of Advertising Practice (CAP), which is part of the Advertising Standards Authority regulatory system, today announces a crackdown to prevent companies from making misleading delivery claims. It means shops will no longer be able to advertise “free UK delivery” and then add on charges for difficult-toreach areas of the country at the end of the online shopping process. Advertisers which continue to make misleading claims about free delivery after May 31 will be reported to Trading Standards and could be issued with fines, CAP said. In addition, advertising regulators launched a separate investigation into Amazon Prime’s “next day delivery” claims last year. It said it had received around 200 complaints from consumers about Amazon Prime’s one-day delivery claims, prompting it to start the probe. Complainants said that the e-commerce giant was misleading customers as it was failing to deliver some of its items on time. Amazon Prime is a monthly subscription service which offers unlimited one-day deliveries to customers, as well as inclusive music, film, and television streaming. Guy Parker, the chief executive of the Advertising Standards Authority, said: “Companies must honour the Rude? To us it’s home, say Bell Enders, as council backs street name Venerable steed The Golden Horse of Maoling has joined other artefacts from the Han Dynasty at an exhibition entitled China’s First Emperor and the Terracotta Warriors at Liverpool Museum. The horse, which is made of gilded bronze, was found near the mausoleum of Emperor Wu, who ruled from 141BC to 81BC, and its design is thought to be based on animals he imported from Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan. PAUL COOPER FOR THE TELEGRAPH u The campaign to save the name of a street called Bell End has prevailed. The road will keep its sign after a council said it had no plans to change it There was a furore in Rowley Regis, West Midlands, when some residents complained the street’s “rude” name made them a “laughing stock” and that children were bullied for living there. An online petition attracted only 100 signatures but Leave the Historic Name of Bell End Alone, a rival campaign, registered more than 4,800 supporters. Linda George, a local historian, said that the road is believed to be named after a mine in the area. She said: “My great uncle’s family lived and kept a shop there, long after his death in the First World War. “None of today’s locals and those that have long-standing family connections that are known to me want this pointless change. In fact they find the suggestion that it should be changed deeply offensive.” Other reports suggest the name of the road may come from a bell attached to a hunting lodge belonging to King John in the 12th century. Sandwell council has said it has not received printed copies of either petition and does not have plans to change the name of the road. Chris Tranter, a local Labour councillor, said: “Of course, it’s been saved – nobody wants it changed.” delivery claims they’re making or stop making them. It’s simply not fair to mislead people about whether parcels can be delivered to them, or how much it will cost.” Shahriar Coupal, the CAP director, added: “Our enforcement notice action makes very clear that advertisers must not mislead consumers by promising ‘free’ or ‘UK’ delivery when it turns out that delivery is not free or the item won’t be delivered if you live in certain parts of the UK.” Duty-free alcohol to be sealed on flights Russian ate ‘bad’ food before his death Judge sets date to end boy’s life support u All alcohol bought at airport shops will be placed in sealed bags under government plans to crack down on drunk passengers who disrupt flights. Ministers are considering the move to enforce a potential ban on travellers drinking their own supply of alcohol on flights. They are also considering the introduction of tougher penalties for drunkenness on aircraft and uThe mistress of a Russian whistleblower told an inquest that he was stressed, nervous and acting as if it was his “last days of life” when they were together the day before he died. Elmira Medynska, 27, a former model, told the Old Bailey by video link from Paris that she had spent two days in the French capital with Alexander Perepilichnyy – who had uA High Court judge has ruled when doctors can end life support for Alfie Evans, a toddler whose parents have lost several legal attempts to keep him alive. Tom Evans and Kate James, from Liverpool, had wanted to take their son abroad for treatment and said that his condition was improving. Doctors treating the 23-month-old boy for a degenerative brain disease at been helping uncover a Russian money-laundering operation – and that he had become sick after sending food back because it tasted “bad” at the Buddha Bar. He left her the next morning to return to the £3 million home in Weybridge, Surrey, he shared with his wife and children and collapsed while jogging later that day in 2012. The inquest continues. Alder Hey Children’s Hospital, say that it is kinder to let him die. The High Court last month ruled that life support should be ended, but the hospital took the case back to the court because managers could not agree with Alfie’s parents when the end should come. Yesterday Mr Justice Hayden set a date but ordered that it not be published. Night owls face earlier death u Night owls – individuals who stay up late and struggle to get out of bed in the morning – are more likely to die sooner than morning larks, the first study into their death rates has found. New research by the University of Surrey and Northwestern University in the US found that 10 per cent more people who naturally stayed up late died within the period covered by the study, six-and-a-half years, than those who preferred the morning. Researchers said that the stress of operating in a traditional nine-to-five society was having a huge impact on millions of people and could be shortening their lives. “This is a public health issue that can no longer be ignored,” said Prof Malcolm von Schantz of the University of Surrey. “We should discuss allowing evening types to start and finish work later, where practical. And we need more research about how we can help evening types cope with the higher effort of keeping their body clock in synchrony with sun time.” The research, involving nearly 500,000 Britons aged between 38 and 73, found that around 9 per cent Spitting image James Naughtie, the BBC radio and news presenter, with a portrait of himself by Brendan Kelly, the renowned portrait artist, at the Scottish National Portrait Gallery in Edinburgh. JANE BARLOW/PA WIRE overhauling licensing laws for airside premises in England and Wales. The measures have been set out as part of the Government’s work to develop its new Aviation Strategy. One in six people who have flown in the past three years have witnessed aggressive or drunken behaviour while on board, according to research by the Civil Aviation Authority. considered themselves evening people, while 27 per cent identified as morning types. If extrapolated to the entire UK population it would mean some 5.8 million people were at greater risk of early death because they were out of sync with the environment. “Night owls trying to live in a morning lark world may have health consequences for their bodies,” said Kristen Knutson, associate professor of neurology at Northwestern University and the co-lead author. The study was published in the journal Chronobiology International. Scampi shortage will put up price of a pub favourite u Fans of traditional pub favourite scampi and chips are facing a big rise in prices. A long-term drop in scampi tail landings in UK waters has hit breaded scampi supplies, experts said yesterday. Scampi landings in key fishing areas such as the Clyde and the Irish Sea were down 18 per cent last year, according to Whitby Seafoods. The company, which buys three quarters of all scampi tails landed in the UK, said the situation had become even worse this year, with scampi landings in the two sea areas slumping by 40 per cent in 2018. Daniel Whittle, managing director of the firm, said only 70 per cent of the scampi quota was caught last year and the shortages will equal about 100,000 tons a year, or 15 per cent of the firm’s annual supply of scampi tails. Mr Whittle said this had put up wholesale prices by 11 per cent, a rise that was bound to be passed on to consumers. He told The Grocer: “Increasing the cost to the consumer is something we don’t do lightly. But as the largest UK processor of scampi, it is in our interest to have a sustainable fishing fleet.” NHS review aims to reduce cases of sexual abuse in hospitals u NHS inspectors have launched a national review of sexual abuse in hospitals amid fears that patients are being put at risk on mixed wards. Inspectors have warned hospital trusts to do more to protect patients, after a trawl found more than 900 sexual incidents, including assault and harassment, were recorded on mental health wards in just three months. The Care Quality Commission (CQC) said a “substantial number” of services were admitting men and women to the same wards, despite the fact that this should not be allowed. Dr Paul Lelliott, deputy chief inspector of hospitals, said staff at such trusts had “a heightened responsibility to ensure that patients are safe from sexual harassment and sexual violence”. The watchdog urged trusts to review their handling of incidents, and ensure sufficient action was being taken to guarantee sexual safety on their wards. They also warned that some of the incidents, passed on to the National Reporting and Learning System, appeared to have taken place on same-sex wards. The Daily Telegraph Thursday 12 April 2018 *** 13 14 *** Thursday 12 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph The Daily Telegraph Thursday 12 April 2018 *** 15 News Man, 80, died after waiting 23 hours for an ambulance Child stab victims rise by 63pc in past five years By Jack Maidment POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT THE number of children being treated for stab wounds has increased by more than 60 per cent in the last five years with the biggest increase among 15-year-olds, according to NHS data. Statistics showed 285 under-17s were treated for “assaults with a sharp object” in England in 2016/17 compared with 175 in 2012/13. The 63 per cent hike was significantly higher than the overall rise in the number of stabbings in England, which was 14 per cent over the same period. Meanwhile, the number of 15-year-olds treated for knife wounds jumped from 52 to 96 – an increase of 85 per cent since 2012. The statistics, reported by The Independent, came as the Government and the nation’s police forces faced increas- Mr Williams said that the ambulance crew, when they arrived, had been “brilliant” and “just trying to do their job in a very difficult situation”. “It’s not the ambulance crew’s fault, they can’t do their jobs because of politics,” he said. “I feel sorry for the ambulance crews as they are doing two calls a day because they are outside hospitals. The whole system is wrong.” Jeff Morris, the Welsh Ambulance Service’s operations manager for the Abertawe Bro Morgannwg University Health Board area, said: “We experienced considerable delays at hospitals in the area on Tuesday as a result of continued pressures across the whole health system. “We lost 101 hours because of handover delays at Morriston Hospital alone, which is the equivalent of just Pensioner’s sons blame Labour for state of the Welsh NHS system after losing their father By Francesca Marshall THE son of an 80-year-old man who died after waiting 23 hours for an ambulance says that politicians are presiding over a failing health system. Darren Williams blames Labour, which runs the NHS in Wales, where it is devolved to the Welsh Government, for the state of the health service after his father John died on Sunday morning, four days after he was admitted to Morriston Hospital in Swansea. He had waited 23 hours for the ambulance to arrive after falling and hitting his head last Tuesday morning. His son had dialled 999 that morning but an ambulance did not arrive until 7.30am the next day. Mr Williams then waited another seven hours in the back of the ambulance outside the hospital before he was admitted. His son said that the situation had left him feeling “bitter towards the system” and angry because ambulance crews “can’t do their jobs because of politics”. Mr Williams had had to wait on the same day that ambulance crews lost 101 hours sitting outside Morriston Hospital because of delays handing over patients as a result of “pressures across the whole health system”, according to the Welsh Ambulance Service. His son Darren, 48, a car salesman, said: “I can’t help thinking that all this has contributed to my father’s passing. What should have happened in my view is a rapid response paramedic should have been with my dad within 40 minutes to an hour. “He should have been assessed on the kitchen floor and they could have made the call from there. He might still be with us. It is just unbelievable. How many people are going to lose their lives through this? Sooner or later it is going to be a child.” His father died on Sunday at 9.45am. 96 The number of 15-year-olds treated for knife wounds in 2016/17, a rise of 85 per cent since 2012 under nine emergency ambulance crews unavailable to respond to patients for a whole shift. This meant some patients, including Mr Williams, unfortunately waited longer than we would like for an ambulance, and we appreciate how upsetting this must have been for him and his family.” A spokesman for Abertawe Bro Morgannwg University Health Board said Mr Williams had been brought to Morriston Hospital with minor injuries after a fall at home. He was then assessed in the emergency department, but doctors were unable to identify a reason for his fall. The spokesman added: “Later on, Mr Williams’s general condition began to deteriorate and, due to this, doctors then decided to admit him to a ward for further tests and observation. “Unfortunately, Mr Williams’s health continued to deteriorate; staff did all they could to treat him but sadly he died a few days later.” A full investigation will be carried out. DARREN WILLIAMS/PA WIRE Leigh and Darren Williams believe that the system is to blame for their father’s death When John Williams did eventually arrive at hospital in Swansea he had to wait another seven hours in the back of the ambulance Sports brand ‘glamorised crime’ in gang and drug-themed party PUMA has been criticised for hosting a drug and gang-themed party in central London as the murder rate on the capital’s streets rose. The sportswear brand sent out “trap phones”, mimicking the pay-as-you-go mobiles preferred by drug dealers because they are less traceable by police, to the style “influencers” it wanted to invite to the “House of Hustle” party. Chosen attendees also received wads of fake £50 notes with their invitation to the party, which was held in an abandoned four-storey Soho town house. Puma, which held the event with JD Sports, gave out business cards reading “turn on the trap line”. Trapping is the selling and dealing of drugs – and is thought to be behind much of the recent crime claiming the lives of young people on London’s streets. The party venue was covered in graffiti with dirty-looking mattresses on the floor and blacked-out windows, INSTAGRAM By Helena Horton Invitations to Puma’s ‘House of Hustle’ party were delivered via ‘trap phones’ with tattoo artists on standby to “ink” people. Party-goers were encouraged to use the hashtag #runthestreets on Instagram and Twitter, a phrase associated with gang violence. Amber Gilbert-Coutts, a London social worker, used Instagram to criticise Puma, saying that the party irresponsibly promoted crime and violence. She described the party as “far from cool”, writing: “Adolescent drug deal- ing so often results in violence, exacerbated deprivation and community pain. In other areas of the capital that night there were a staggering six stabbings in 90 minutes. We are not even a quarter way through the year and in London alone there have been 50 fatal violent crimes. The vulnerable young people – both girls and boys – who are most at risk of becoming victims … are those who are associated with gangs and the related drug markets.” Jessica O’Neill, volunteer coordinator at Mothers Against Violence, wrote: “Puma shouldn’t be deceiving young people or capitalising on the hashtag #runthestreets.” Headie One, a “drill” artist, performed at the event. Drill is a genre of rap music that has been criticised as its lyrics often glamorise stabbings and shootings, and refer to real London gangs. Headie One’s lyrics contain references to shooting rivals and other violence. Puma and JD Sports have been contacted for comment. Nurse dies after being caught in acid attack crossfire By Daily Telegraph Reporter A NURSE died after being soaked with sulphuric acid when she unwittingly got caught up in a row, a court heard. Joanne Rand, 47, was sitting on a bench after visiting her daughter’s grave in Frogmoor, High Wycombe, Bucks, last June. Suddenly, a few feet STEVE ELLIS / SWNS Joanne Rand died 11 days after being splashed with sulphuric acid while sitting on a bench Stranger on a train A Tube passenger found themselves face to face with Sir Cliff Richard on Tuesday night. away, an opened bottle of the acid was knocked from the hand of Xeneral Webster, 19, who was having a row over drugs with two other male teenagers. The acid spilt on to Ms Rand’s arm, feet and hair, Reading Crown Court heard. She was treated in hospital for her burns, but died of sepsis 11 days after being discharged. Mr Webster, of west London, denies murder and an alternative count of manslaughter. The trial continues. ing pressure to tackle violent crime. The murder rate in London recently went past 50 for the year with stabbing the main cause, and 11 of those killed were teenagers. The scale of violence across the capital has placed its elected officials under intense scrutiny. Sadiq Khan, the Labour Mayor of London, yesterday joined police on a weapons sweep. He was with officers in Thornton Heath as they moved towards nearby Croydon town centre, scouring the area for hidden weapons. The operation came after Mr Khan hosted a cross-party summit on violent crime at City Hall on Tuesday, attended by Cressida Dick, Metropolitan Police Commissioner, and Amber Rudd, the Home Secretary. Earlier this week it emerged that the true extent of knife crime could be worse than previously thought because police have been failing to properly record it. The Government’s Serious Violence Strategy report revealed that police forces in England and Wales do not measure violent knife crime in the same way as other offences such as robbery and burglary. It means that the true scale of violence involving knives may have been under-reported for almost a century, after experts confirmed that officers had been measuring other crimes in more detail since 1927. 16 Thursday 12 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph *** World news Documents reveal Nazis planned total destruction of Warsaw By Matthew Day in Warsaw HISTORIANS in Poland have acquired Third Reich documents that they believe provide evidence of a Nazi “criminal plan” to obliterate Warsaw by aerial bombing during the war. Hospitals, water systems, traffic arteries and even a vodka factory are marked in the documents, suggesting the Nazis from the outset intended to inflict maximum civilian casualties and disrupt civil life in their new style of total war for the first time. Jewish areas of the Polish capital also feature in the documents. The city as a whole seems to have been subjected to a meticulous plan of destruction rather than indiscriminate bombing. Historians from the Warsaw Uprising museum describe the files as significant. “They are in a very good condition and we’ve never had anything like this in a museum,” said Katarzyna Utracka. From Sept 1 1939 to Warsaw’s surrender 26 days later, German forces carried out a massive aerial bombardment that destroyed 25 per cent of the city and killed about 18,000 civilians. The two files of documents, both marked secret and packed with yellowing photographs and papers, appear to date back to October or November 1939. The first contains plans and maps from before the war detailing potential targets even in some cases stating the thickness of walls. The second one has 100 pictures of destroyed buildings in what appears to be an assessment by the Germans of their plans. “The documents are very important because if you see so many of them together in one place you can see that there was a plan,” said Rafal Szczepanski, the owner of the files. The files were found by Jaroslaw Zielinski, a Warsaw historian and friend of Mr Szczepanski, who set up the Foundation for the Remembrance of the Heroes of the Warsaw Uprising. Mr Zielinski had seen them for sale on eBay in German. Who the seller was and where the files have been for close to 80 years remains a mystery. By Richard Orange in Malmö SWEDEN’S King Carl XVI Gustaf has moved to break a deadlock at the scandal-hit committee that awards the Nobel Literature Prize, unveiling a plan to make it easier for members to resign. The king, whose forebear Gustav III founded the Swedish Academy in 1786, announced the rare activation of his royal powers in a statement released by the court. In his statement, the king said: “It is my conviction that the monarch has authority over the statutes of the Swedish Academy which my predecessor Gustav III established. In the light of King Carl XVI Gustaf has said he will consider using royal powers to change academy members’ right to exit recent developments, I am going to consider the need to supplement these statutes, including those concerning the right to exit.” The academy’s 18 members are elected for life. But last week, three announced that they were vacating their seats in protest at a vote not to expel the poet Katarina Frostenson, deepening a long-running conflict. Jean-Claude Arnault, Frostenson’s husband, has been accused of sexual harassment, financial improprieties, and leaking the names of at least seven Nobel Prize winners, including Bob Dylan in 2016. Changing the statutes would allow the three men to be replaced, and might make it easier for Frostenson herself to resign. The crisis at the academy began in November when, spurred on by the #metoo movement, 18 women published a letter in the Dagens Nyheter newspaper accusing Arnault of sexually harassing them. The academy quickly cut all ties and funding to the French photographer and hired the law firm Hammarskiöld & Co to investigate the accusations, which he has denied. Earlier this spring, Hammarskiöld reported that Arnault had leaked the names of seven Nobel Prize winners, claiming the finding was backed by “several witnesses that were trustworthy and independent of one another”. The firm also reported that among other financial improprieties, he had failed to declare that he was part owner of The Forum, a venue in Stockholm that received academy funding. According to the investigation, which has been obtained in part by Dagens Nyheter, Arnault began secretly disclosing winners in advance back in 1996, when he revealed that Wislawa Szymborska, the Polish poet, had won. The newspaper says the law firm believes he leaked the names of winners in 2004, 2005, 2008, 2014 and 2015. Sara Danius, the academy’s secretary, said the academy would not report Arnault, but on Sunday Swedish police said that he had been reported by another group or individual. On Tuesday, however, the Swedish Economic Crime Authority said that it did not plan to launch an investigation. In his statement, the king called on members to end their dispute. “It is crucial that all involved now realise their responsibility for the institution and contribute to resolving the conflicts,” he said. “For members of the academy, responsibility for the institution must always be paramount.” FRANCOIS GUILLOT/AFP/GETTY IMAGES King of Sweden could use royal powers to break Nobel deadlock Full immersion The first digital art centre in Paris, l’Atelier des Lumières, opens tomorrow with superimposed exhibitions that feature the work of Austrian painters Gustav Klimt and Friedensreich Hundertwasser projected from floor to ceiling. Macron’s TV charm offensive to counter wave of protests By Henry Samuel in Paris EMMANUEL MACRON is to launch a media charm offensive today in a bid to convince millions of French people that his reforms are bearing fruit. The president will at lunchtime give the first of two crunch interviews in the space of four days as his government faces a string of disparate protest movements across the country. Rail workers have threatened to ramp up their three-month rolling strike, students have been demonstrating over educational reforms and lawyers and judges have staged a “day of dead justice” in protest at moves to consolidate their profession. Public sector workers have also announced they will be staging a day of protests against cuts next month. In a bold move, the first interview will take place in a school in the Norman village of Berd’huis, population 1,079, which placed Marine Le Pen, the far-Right Front National leader, in pole position in the first round of last year’s presidential elections. The president will be speaking to Jean-Pierre Pernaut, the anchorman of TV channel TF1’s lunchtime news programme with the highest viewer ratings in Europe – around five million. Pernaut is the self-styled defender of “La France profonde” and his news hour caters to pensioners, the working class, the unemployed and rural communities. Polls suggest these are the least convinced by Mr Macron’s call for a “start-up nation” and most concerned about scaling back public services. On Sunday, Mr Macron will face a grilling from Edwy Plenel, a former Trotskyite and founder of Mediapart, the Leftist investigative website, along with Jean-Jacques Bourdin, a favourite with conservative shopkeepers and small business holders. German billionaire missing in Swiss Alps By Our Foreign Staff THE billionaire chief of Germany’s Tengelmann retail group has gone missing while skiing in the Swiss Alps, the company said yesterday, although searchers have not given up hope of finding him. A company spokesperson said that Roma chief says sorry for fountain dip By Nick Squires in Rome THE American chairman of one of Italy’s biggest football clubs found himself in hot water after doing a backflip into a Renaissance fountain in Rome to celebrate his team’s historic win. James Pallotta, the president of AS Roma, tumbled into the fountain in Piazza del Popolo after his team pulled off a stunning comeback to knock Barcelona out of the Champions League. As he took the dip late on Tuesday night, just after the match ended, fans cheered, clapped and chanted “Forza Roma” (Go Roma). But the exuberant stunt was met with indignation by some Italians, with Codacons, a consumer group, demanding that Mr Pallotta be fined. “There is a €500 (£435) fine for anyone jumping into historic fountains in Rome. Hundreds of tourists have been sanctioned in this way in recent years and the same treatment should be meted out to the president of Roma,” they said in a statement. Yesterday, Mr Pallotta, 60, called Virginia Raggi, the mayor of Rome, and apologised, saying he would pay any fines imposed. Mr Pallotta then went a step further and pledged to donate €230,000 (£200,000) for the restoration of a historic fountain outside the Pantheon. “He’s decided to make an extremely generous gesture to the city,” Ms Raggi said after a meeting with the businessman. “search teams on the scene are doing everything they can” to find Karl-Erivan Haub, 58, after he failed to return from a ski excursion on Saturday. Christian Haub, who manages the Tengelmann group with Karl-Erivan, wrote in a letter to employees: “My brother is a very experienced ski mountaineer, so despite the time that has passed since [his disappearance] we aren’t giving up hope of finding him soon.” Mr Haub set off at a height of 3,800 metres (12,470 feet) at the peak of the Klein Matterhorn mountain. It was reported that he was training for the “Patrouille”, a ski mountaineering race organised by the Swiss army. The Daily Telegraph Thursday 12 April 2018 ** 17 World news Pundits speculate that Paul Ryan may be positioning himself for presidential bid By Rozina Sabur in Washington PAUL RYAN, the speaker of the House of Representatives, has announced he will not be seeking re-election in November, in a blow to Republican confidence ahead of the race. The departure of Mr Ryan, the most senior Republican in the House and their biggest fundraiser, is the most prominent in a series of retirements among the party in recent months. The lawmaker denied that the party’s uphill battle to maintain control of Capitol Hill had driven his decision, saying he was relinquishing his role to spend more time with his wife and three children. “I have been a member of Congress for almost two decades. My kids weren’t even born when I was elected,” Mr Ryan said. “What I realise is, if I’m here for one more term, my kids will only have ever known me as a weekend dad. “I just can’t let that happen, so I will be setting new priorities in my life.” Some will see Mr Ryan’s retirement as a sign of the uncertainty over whether the party can maintain control of the House in November’s elections. More than 40 Republican representatives are leaving the chamber, and Mr Ryan’s departure is likely to have an impact on the party’s morale. Just weeks ago, Eric Cantor, the former House majority leader and a friend of Mr Ryan, told The Washington Post: “The notion that Paul Ryan is just going to abdicate and leave is preposterous … it would be a signal of surrender”. Allies of Mr Ryan insisted that he was simply committed to spending time with his family. The Wisconsin representative has been a prolific fundraiser, bringing in more than $54 million (£38 million) in donations for the 2018 election, and some fear he may now slow down his efforts before his January 2019 exit. His departure may also trigger a civil war between Republicans for the cherished role, with Kevin McCarthy and Steve Scalise, Mr Ryan’s deputies, reported to be engaged in a silent struggle to become the next House leader. Once referred to as America’s most popular Republican, Mr Ryan got off to a rocky start with the US president – distancing himself from Donald Trump when he was a presidential candidate. In the end, the 48-year-old opted to put the party above his personal views. Just before the 2016 election, Mr Ryan confirmed he had voted for “our candidate”, choosing not to refer to Mr Trump by name. However, in office, Mr Ryan worked closely with the Trump administration to deliver the Republican tax bill in December, for which Mr Trump expressed his gratitude. The president tweeted yesterday: “Speaker Paul Ryan is a truly good man, and while he will not be seeking J.SCOTT APPLEWHITE/AP Republicans in disarray as speaker quits ‘for his family’ Paul Ryan, the speaker of the House, tells reporters he will not run for re-election re-election, he will leave a legacy of achievement that nobody can question. We are with you, Paul.” Mr Ryan has enjoyed a 20-year career in Congress since he was first elected to the House in 1998. Despite claiming he “did not want” the job, he was made speaker in 2015 when John Boehner, his predecessor, retired. The lawmaker has been touted as a future presidential candidate, given his relative youth and his national name recognition after running alongside Mitt Romney in the 2012 election. Political pundits yesterday speculated on whether Mr Ryan’s retirement is paving the way for a presidential bid. They noted that Mr Ryan did not rule out a future career in politics, saying instead: “This year will be my last one ‘He will leave a legacy of achievement that nobody can question’ as a member of the House,” and outlining the work still to be done. Representative Nancy Pelosi, his Democratic counterpart, paid tribute to Mr Ryan. “The speaker has been an avid advocate for his point of view and for the people of his district,” she said in a statement. “Despite our differences, I commend his steadfast commitment to our country.” FBI raid on Trump’s lawyer sought records related to infamous Access Hollywood tape By Rozina Sabur in Washington THE FBI sought to collect all records relating to the infamous Donald Trump Access Hollywood tape when they raided his lawyer’s offices on Monday, it was reported last night. The raid sent shock waves through Washington and New York and infuriated Mr Trump, who sees Mr Cohen – his long-serving lawyer and “fixer” – as akin to family. It is not clear what role, if any, Mr Cohen has played with the tape, in which Mr Trump is heard saying of women that he likes to “grab ‘em by the p----”. The search warrant also sought evidence of whether Mr Cohen tried to suppress damaging information about Mr Trump during the 2016 presidential campaign, The New York Times said. The fact agents were seeking docu- ments related to the tape reveals a new front in the investigation into Mr Cohen that is being led by the United States attorney’s office in Manhattan. It comes as James Comey, the former FBI director, compared the US president to a “mob boss” in an interview ahead of the release of his new book. Mr Comey was fired by Donald Trump last May and is promoting A Higher Loyalty, his book, which is be- Protesters carry civilian corpses ‘killed by UN soldiers’ to mission By Our Foreign Staff HUNDREDS of angry demonstrators yesterday laid the bodies of at least 16 people killed in clashes in the Central African Republic’s capital in front of the UN mission headquarters. It followed a four-hour gun battle between UN peacekeepers, local security forces and armed groups in a Muslim enclave of the majority Christian city of Bangui. The Central African Republic, one of the world’s poorest and most unstable countries, has been mired in a cycle of ethnic and religious violence since 2013. UN and CAR forces had been attempting to dismantle bases in the PK5 neighbourhood, leaving one Rwandan peacekeeper dead and eight others injured after fighting on Tuesday, the UN mission, known as MINUSCA, said. The demonstrators, who blame UN soldiers for firing on residents protesting against the operation, carried the bodies wrapped in cloth to MINUSCA’s gates. They shouted and carried signs as armed peacekeepers stood before the entrance to the fortified compound. “We, ourselves, no longer understand anything. Does their mission consist of shooting at civilians?” said one demonstrator, who gave his name only as Youssouf. Vladimir Monteiro, a MINUSCA spokesman, said its troops had been targeting criminal gangs and denied they had fired at civilians. “The Muslim community asked our troops to launch the operation and put an end to the criminal activities,” Mr Monteiro said. Atahirou Balla Dodo, the mayor of the district in which PK5 is located, said a total of 21 people were killed in the clashes. Seventeen were brought to the mission, while four others, including two women and two children, had remained at a mosque. 257 die as military plane crashes in flames on take-off TIZIANA FABI/PA By Our Foreign Staff The shepherd and his flock Pope Francis met three llamas and their handlers who had made a pilgrimage from Italy’s northern border to the Vatican on foot. MORE than 250 people, including refugees, were killed yesterday when the military plane they were on crashed near Algeria’s capital. Witnesses said that they had seen one of its wings on fire shortly after the Ilyushin Il-76 transport plane took off from Boufarik aiport, south-west of Algiers, and that the pilot had steered the stricken plane away from a road. It had been bound for Tindouf, on the border with Western Sahara, and 26 of the dead had been members of the Polisario Front, an Algerian-backed group fighting for the independence of Western Sahara, a territory also claimed by Morocco. In all 257 people were confirmed dead, including 10 crew members and other people described as their family. A number of survivors were being treated at an army hospital, the Algerian defence ministry said. Daughter faked cancer to pay for partying By Jonathan Pearlman in Sydney A WOMAN who told her parents that she was dying from cancer and needed money for treatment abroad spent the £23,000 they raised from friends on drugs, parties and holidays. Hanna Dickenson was 19 when she convinced her parents that she had weeks to live and needed money for life-saving treatment. Her parents, who are farmers, asked their friends and neighbours to help. Nathan and Rachel Cue, who were neighbours, remortgaged their home and donated $11,000 (£6,000) but went to police after seeing photographs that Dickenson, of Victoria, Australia, had posted on Facebook in which she was drinking and partying. Dickenson was charged with obtaining property by deception and pleaded guilty to seven charges. Describing her offence as “despicable”, a magistrate in Victoria sentenced her to three months in jail, 150 hours of community work and treatment for mental health issues and substance abuse. “It smacks of a Walter Mitty kind of lifestyle,” said magistrate David Starvaggi. “Ms Dickenson engaged in conduct that tears at the very heartstrings of human nature.” ing published on Tuesday. The sacking of the FBI chief is seen as one of Mr Trump’s most controversial decisions and led to questions over whether it amounted to obstruction of justice – one of the grounds for impeachment. US network ABC News has released a trailer of the interview, in which the former intelligence chief is asked: “How strange is it for you to sit here and compare the president to a mob boss?” The interview, which airs in the US on Sunday evening, is “going to shock the president and his team”, a source told the political website Axios. The source added that the revelations left people in the room “stunned”. The firing of Mr Comey, who was leading the Russia probe at the time, is a key event being looked at by Robert Mueller, the special counsel appointed to take over control of the investigation. Since the raid on Mr Cohen’s office, Mr Trump has publicly speculated about firing Mr Mueller, saying: “I think it’s really a sad situation. Many people have said you should fire him [Mueller].” Senior Republicans have warned the president against such a move, as it would raise further questions over whether Mr Trump was attempting to obstruct the Russia investigation. 18 Thursday 12 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph ** FIRDAUS HADZRI/MATTIA PASSARINI/HIROKI INOUE/NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC World news Pictures, perfect Early entries in the National Geographic Travel Photographer of the Year contest include Firdaus Hadzri’s picture of two sisters in India, Mattia Passarini’s photo of the Mundari tribe’s cattle in Sudan and Hiroki Inoue’s image of illuminated cherry blossom in Tokyo. 30 years’ jail for stillbirth, now I’ll change law By Jo Tuckman in San Salvador NINE months’ pregnant, Teodora Vásquez woke up on the day she would lose her second child concerned that the baby wasn’t moving. By early evening she was crumpled with pain as she finished her shift at the cafeteria of a private school in San Salvador. Ms Vásquez called for an ambulance but waited for three hours and by that time had given birth to a dead baby girl in the lavatory. When she staggered out to look for help she was met by a police officer who accused her of murder. Six months later Ms Vásquez was sentenced to 30 years for aggravated homicide. After 10 years and seven months in jail she walked free in February, her sentence commuted, and finally hugged the teenage boy she had barely seen since he was a toddler. “My son gave me the strength to keep going while I was inside, even though I didn’t see him,” the softly-spoken 35-year-old told The Daily Telegraph a month after her release. “I had lost one child, and I was not prepared to lose the other.” Her son, who she describes as beautiful, was brought up by his grandparents while she was in jail. “He says that he is proud of me. Proud to have a mother like me. And we want to make the most of the time we now have together.” Ms Vásquez was jailed because of El Salvador’s anti-abortion legislation that outlaws all terminations without exception, and implements the legislation with a crusading zeal that seems intent on equating not just abortions, but any obstetric emergencies, with murder. There are no official statistics on the number of women imprisoned for such crimes. The activist organisation that helped secure Ms Vásquez’s release, known as the Citizen’s Group, has to rely on word of mouth to identify cases. Monica Herrera, who heads the group, says there are currently 24 women in prison serving sentences ranging from six to 35 years, and an- For women in countries that restrict access to reproductive healthcare the stigma attached to abortion or stillbirth is great. For five years Ms Vásquez told nobody why she was in prison for fear of being beaten up. She only realised she was not alone when lawyers from Citizen’s Group sought her out, along with other prisoners in similar situa- JOSE CABEZAS/REUTERS The extreme abortion legislation that put Teodora Vásquez behind bars faces a historic vote in El Salvador Teodora Vásquez celebrates with supporters after her release from jail in February other 19-year-old accused of attempted homicide and facing a possible 15-year sentence after she gave birth to her stepfather’s child in a latrine. The baby was found alive. The country is now facing a historic vote in parliament that would decriminalise abortion – but only in the case of rape, danger to the mother’s health, or life-threatening fetal impairment. The vote is likely to be close. El Salvador has one of the world’s most extreme abortion laws, but a recent report by US women’s rights group the Guttmacher Institute highlights 64 other countries that either prohibit all abortions, or only allow them in order to save a woman’s life. ‘Every one of us who was in prison for these crimes was poor and came from a rural area. Every one’ tions. We began to lose our fear a little because there were more of us,” she recalled. “We started to talk about it and that helped. It helped me to get those feelings out so that when I finally left prison I wasn’t eaten up by anger, resentment and hate.” And poverty also made things worse. Vásquez didn’t see her son for the last four years of her incarceration because her family couldn’t afford the time or money to do the onerous paperwork required, or make the long journey from Hard labour for soldiers in massacre By Nicola Smith ASIA CORRESPONDENT SEVEN Burmese soldiers have been sentenced to 10 years of hard labour for their role in a massacre of Rohingya Muslim men. The sentence for “contributing and participating in murder” of 10 men in the village of Inn Din in Burma’s northwestern Rakhine state last September will be carried out at a “remote location”. However, two Burmese journalists who helped bring the massacre to light through their investigations remain behind bars. WA Lone, 31, and Kyaw So Oo, 28, were arrested in December and face charges of violating the country’s Official Secrets Act. Their case has drawn widespread condemnation from the US, United Nations and wider international community. The Burmese military made the rare admission about the soldiers’ involvement in the mass killing in January, just weeks after the reporters had been detained, and before the publication of a searing report by Reuters in February. The murders were part of a larger military crackdown on the Rohingya, that began in response to insurgent attacks on security forces in August. The reprisals have since caused almost 700,000 Muslims to flee to Bangladesh amid allegations of mass murder, rape and arson. The US and UN have described the situation as ethnic cleansing – a charge the Burmese regime denies. However, the defence ministry claimed earlier this year that 10 suspected terrorists had been killed in the 700,000 The number of Rohingya Muslims who fled to Bangladesh from a campaign of “ethnic cleansing”, a charge denied by Burma village in Maungdaw Township on Sept 1, after the military had rushed to protect frightened Buddhist villagers and were attacked by a mob with sticks and swords. As troops were overstretched while trying to maintain peace “the decision was made to kill them at the cemetery” rather than take them to the police station, said the ministry. In a statement, it described how villagers had dug a pit and the men were ordered into it before being shot. Farmer invites neighbours to eat their own dead dog By Our Foreign Staff A SOUTH KOREAN farmer killed and cooked a neighbour’s barking dog before inviting its unsuspecting owner to join him for a dog-meat dinner. The 62-year-old unnamed man confessed to the crime and claimed he was so irritated by the dog’s constant barking that he threw a stone at the twoyear-old Welsh corgi, resulting in the animal losing consciousness. “Only after the dog passed out, he claims, he strangled the animal and cooked it,” a detective in the southern city of Pyeongtaek said. “The man then invited his neighbours to share the meal, including the father of the dog-owning family.” Dog meat has long been a part of South Korean cuisine. But consumption has declined as the population embraces the idea of dogs as pets instead of livestock. Eating them is now seen as taboo among younger generations. The case gained publicity when the family’s daughter published an online plea calling for support to punish the offender. “We had been all around the town, handing out leaflets containing the dog’s picture and rewards of 1 million won [£660],” the daughter said. “When I reached the man’s house, which is just three doors down from ours, he expressed sympathy, promising to let us know if he found the dog”. At that time, however, the farmer was hiding the dog in his barn, she said. “He even invited neighbours to come share the dog meat, including my father who did not accept the invitation as he is a non-dog-meat eater”, she said. Activists have stepped up campaigns to ban dog consumption. Under a newly strengthened law, animal abusers face up to two years in prison or 20 million won (£13,200) in fines. their village to the prison in the capital. “Every one of us who was in prison for these crimes was poor and came from a rural area,” she said. “Every one.” When she finally did hear that she had been released it took a while for the news to sink in. “I couldn’t believe it. I read that piece of paper about 20,000 times until I was absolutely sure that I hadn’t read it wrong,” she says. Vásquez says she bears no grudges because she is too busy enjoying her freedom. But, she also wants to change things so that young women can avoid the kind of suffering she endured. “I changed in prison and now I think that we women have the right to decide what happens to us,” says the woman who entered prison with three years of primary schooling and now plans to become a lawyer. “Now I think that if somebody gets pregnant and doesn’t want to have the child, then that is something personal to them.” She adds: “They committed a real injustice with me but I don’t want to feel resentment. I don’t want revenge. I don’t want any of that, because it would take away the time I have now.” WORLD BULLETIN Indonesia targets illegal alcohol after 100 deaths Deaths from drinking bootleg alcohol in Indonesia have exceeded 100 this month, police have said, as they vowed a crackdown on the makers and distributors of black market liquor. Muhammad Syafruddin, the deputy national police chief, said the deaths were concentrated in the province of West Java and Jakarta, the capital. Mr Syafruddin said tests on the illegal alcohol showed that it contained methanol, a potentially lethal byproduct of bootleg distilling. Wife of detained lawyer put under house arrest The wife of a detained Chinese human rights lawyer who had nearly finished a 60-mile march to highlight her husband’s plight said she had been placed under house arrest yesterday. Wang Quanzhang, her husband, was an attorney who represented political activists and disappeared in a 2015 police sweep. Li Wenzu began the march last week, going from Beijing to the No 2 Detention Centre in Tianjin, where officials last said Mr Wang was being held. ‘I’m proud of my crimes’ says Serbian war criminal A UN war crimes court yesterday overturned the acquittal of Serbian politician Vojislav Seselj on charges of persecution and inhumane acts. He was found guilty and sentenced to 10 years in prison, but since he has spent 12 years in pre-trial detention the penalty was considered already served. Seselj, 63, founder of the nationalist Serbian Radical Party, said: “I am proud of all my war crimes and crimes against humanity and am ready to repeat them.” Azerbaijan president re-elected after boycott Ilham Aliyev, the Azerbaijani president, secured a fourth consecutive term in a snap election boycotted by the main opposition parties, exit polls showed. An Aliyev victory was widely seen as a foregone conclusion with the Caspian state’s opposition unable to mount a serious challenge to his authoritarian rule. Aliyev received 83 per cent of the vote according to a government-commissioned exit poll. Opposition parties have said the elections are a sham and accused the authorities of preparing to rig the vote. The Daily Telegraph Thursday 12 April 2018 *** 19 20 Thursday 12 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph *** Comment As long as you are living in the past, you are bang up to date HANNAH BETTS L adies and gentleman, the impossible has happened. CDs, those much-maligned rings of polycarbonate plastic despised by musos for being soulless, corporate and textureless, have officially become cool. Where once hipsters boasted about their 12-inch collections, or went to anally retentive efforts to produce mix tapes, now the fashionable clearly Frisbee discs at each other to prove their indestructibility. For royalties from the sale of CDs, in decline since the onset of the digital era two decades ago, edged up 0.7 per cent in 2017 – a sure sign of burgeoning cool-kid interest that will have us all back obsessed with them in 12 months’ time. And that’s not all on the nostalgia front. Last year, an exhibition in London’s Olympic Park – 64 Bits – cast a dewy eye over the web of yesteryear, with such seminal moments as the world’s first Pizza Hut purchase. Meanwhile an Oxford psychologist, Professor Charles Spence, has suggested that the fondue revival taking John Lewis by storm is attributable to Brexit, global insecurity and a hankering for the comfort foods of our youth. Those of us old enough to have done some of this stuff first time around will raise the usual eyebrow at this sort of malarkey. For my part, I’ll happily dig out my CDs, not least as my most up-to-date technology remains a radio-cum-CD player. (What? CDs are invincible and can also be used as coasters.) I remember when I was first introduced to the internet – at an Oxford seminar in 1992 – thinking: “Christ, this crazy military sh*t is never going to catch on.” Whereas today I would obviously top myself were the Zara site even temporarily unavailable. As a hoary Gen X-er, it is a challenge to explain to millennials how one could be a student before the advent of mobile phones. “But, how did you have sex?” they demand. Answer: we left messages on a noticeboard to arrange assignations, a sort of primitive sext. I unearthed one recently. It ran: “Betts, come outside and have a snog.” Given that retro realms are never quite in sync, the challenge must surely be to work out which era must be emulated within which lifestyle category. Accordingly, for the most bracingly au courant, technology is clearly stuck in the Nineties; fashion lurking in the swaggeringshouldered Eighties; food harking back to Seventies’ simplicity; while interior design hovers somewhere in the Sixties, all wicker, rattan, fringing, wall hangings and lurid paint jobs. Put it all together and one achieves the perfect pinnacle of modishness. Prof Spence is right: there’s a degree of thumb sucking while assuming an embryo position in all this, not least when we feel that the world is going to hell in a handcart, as everyone always does. Punk svengali Malcolm McLaren dismissed nostalgia as “a notion of boredom,” in which “the old will always look cute”. But, then, punk itself is looking pretty cute 40 years on. And there are eco advantages to be had in the recycling of fashion, tech and knickknackery in our otherwise throwaway world. I saw a play this week in which twentysomethings pretended to be oldsters by adding talc to their hair, groaning whenever they stood up, and lamenting that their lives were over with nothing to show for it. The hero was 49 – two years older than me. Clearly, I may myself be about to become retro chic. FOLLOW Hannah Betts on Twitter HannahJBetts; READ MORE at telegraph.co.uk/opinion To order prints or signed copies of any Telegraph cartoon, go to telegraph.co.uk/prints-cartoons or call 0191 603 0178 firstname.lastname@example.org It is time to cut Mark Zuckerberg and the tech titans down to size Social media firms are letting criminals and extremists do as they please. It cannot continue NICK TIMOTHY F or years, Mark Zuckerberg, the chief executive of Facebook, has been treated like a giant. In fact he is 5’7” and, as he appeared before Congress in Washington this week, he used a booster cushion to appear tall on television. It was not quite the emperor’s new clothes, but the Zuckerberg cushion is a perfect metaphor for the ways in which Facebook – and other tech companies – dodge taxes, avoid regulation and refuse to take responsibility for their actions. They have convinced us all, politicians especially, that they are bigger than they really are: too big for nation states to handle, too complex to understand, and too virtuous for us to worry about. There is a lot to worry us. Because these companies are different to anything we have known before, and governments have been slow to react to the changes they bring. Many of these changes are complex, but they are serious and cannot be ignored. On social media sites right now, paedophiles are grooming victims and sharing vile images of sexual abuse. Children are being bullied on Snapchat. Dealers are selling drugs on Instagram. Extremists are sharing hate-filled, radicalising messages on YouTube. Facebook is allowing advertisers to discriminate against people on the basis of their race and religion. Even when it comes to terrorism, these firms shirk their duty. Before the murder of Lee Rigby in 2013, his killer, Michael Adebowale, had his Facebook account taken down because the company believed it was “associated with terrorism”. Yet it refused to warn the authorities. When governments confront the social media giants about these problems, two excuses always come up: their commitment to free speech, and the supposed technological impossibility of identifying dangerous content. Neither is convincing. As the algorithm that identified Adebowale’s interest in terrorism showed, it is possible to build systems that identify problematic behaviour. Nobody expects these systems to be flawless, but companies that can ascertain their users’ favourite music, voting intention, sexuality and taste in clothes, can also build systems that reflect the needs of society rather than simply maximising advertising revenues. Likewise, the big tech commitment to free speech is not unwavering. Testifying before Congress, Zuckerberg did not deny claims by whistleblowers that Facebook excludes stories popular with conservatives from its lists of trending topics. The principled libertarianism of Silicon Valley is a myth, perpetuated to get governments off the backs of business. They may write highminded mission statements and claim to be solving the world’s intractable problems, but most libertarians would baulk at the power these companies wield, their attitude to privacy, and their anti-competitive practices. Facebook has 2.2 billion monthly active users. More than 50 per cent of Americans, and almost the same percentage of Britons, get news from social media, with Facebook the most popular source. By the end of the year, 90 per cent of new US digital advertising spending is likely to go to Facebook and Google alone. This puts huge power in their hands, and it was this – and the controversy about Facebook and Cambridge Analytica’ – that prompted Zuckerberg to be called before Congress. Many of the news reports about this controversy are over-hyped. All political campaigns – Republican and Democrat, Conservative and Labour, Leave and Remain – target voters online. The information gathered for the Trump campaign was not hacked but made available because of Facebook’s inappropriate data usage policies. And the worst allegations about Cambridge Analytica were about sex and blackmail: a decidedly analogue form of corruption. But with the emotion caused by the election of President Trump, and the success of the Brexit campaign, we are missing the bigger picture, because from a democratic perspective there are two big problems to resolve. First, there are significant questions arising from Facebook’s massive market share, and its increasing role in disseminating news. How do we know it is neutral? How will we protect highquality journalism? How can we prevent the circulation of fake news? Second, we need to understand the effects of data-led voter targeting on political debate and our democracy. If communication with voters is reduced to millions of different personalised micro-messages, there will be little or no meaningful national conversation, pulling our divided country even further apart. It will be harder both to FOLLOW Nick Timothy on Twitter @NickJTimothy; READ MORE at telegraph.co.uk/ opinion scrutinise what politicians are saying, and to hold them to account. There will be less persuasion, and attempts instead to anger and inflame voters to encourage them to turn out. If you could invent a model of political communication to suit populists and demagogues, this is it. These are monumental problems, and the solutions will be difficult to get right. But they start with a need to recognise that we can no longer leave cyberspace unregulated and ungoverned, allowing tech companies – but also criminals, extremists and terrorists – to do as they please. This week, Zuckerberg has continued to resist the idea that regulation is needed. But he also conceded that Facebook is responsible for the content it publishes. The game is changing. It might not be right to break up firms like Facebook, because that defeats the object of a network. But it might make sense to require it to sell other assets including Instagram and Whatsapp. It might also be necessary to require platforms like Facebook to facilitate the transfer of data to platforms owned by other companies. There is action governments can take. We need, for example, new data protection laws. We should give people greater control over their personal data. We must make improvements in cyber security. We should introduce greater powers to prosecute companies and individuals within companies if they behave recklessly. For measures that cannot be undertaken by national governments alone, the democracies should act in concert. There is a growing realisation across the West that, like Zuckerberg on his booster cushion, Facebook and the tech firms are not as big as they seem. It is time to act. Happiness requires a room of one’s own How can young people feel part of society when they spend their lives flitting from flat to flat? ROB COLVILE S ometimes, research is valuable because it is new and surprising. And sometimes, it is valuable because it confirms what everyone already knew. A new report on loneliness from the Office for National Statistics, commissioned as part of the Prime Minister’s response to the Jo Cox Foundation’s campaign on the topic, shows that those who feel least lonely tend to be married, own a house, are in good health and feel like part of their community. It seems pretty obvious. For most people, the traditional good life tends also to be the happiest. Of the three loneliest groups in society, two fit the classic Eleanor Rigby mould: widowed older home owners and unmarried middle-agers, usually with long-term health conditions. But then comes a third: “younger renters with little trust and sense of belonging to their area”. These are young people forced by the housing market to flit from flat to flat. They do not engage with their neighbours because they know (or fear) they will soon be gone. When we talk about Britain’s housing crisis, we tend to focus on the economics – or the politics, given that renters are overwhelmingly likely to vote Labour. Too often, we ignore the social – even moral – dimension. To become a home owner is not just to get your table stake at the property market casino. It is to gain something secure and tangible. When council tenants in the 1980s were given the right to buy, the very landscape of our estates changed: new front doors, new gardens, new driveways. People took pride in – and drew comfort from – having a place that was theirs. Today, home ownership remains extraordinarily popular. Poll after poll shows that the overwhelming majority want it for themselves and others – whatever their income or background. And the main reason they give is not that it is a good investment, that it is cheaper than renting, or even to have a home to pass on to their children – although those all play a part. It is because it gives them somewhere to call their own. A legion of other statistics confirm that home owners not only feel more positive about where they live, but are happier about their lives generally. In the most recent English Housing Survey, the average “life satisfaction score” (a mark out of 10) was 8.0 for owners vs 7.2 for those in the social rented sector. Home owners get more involved in their communities, feel more secure, enjoy greater psychological health, have children who are more likely to finish school. So there may be something to the calls – following the ONS report – for young people to get off social media and into youth clubs. The Government has also talked, commendably, about encouraging long-term tenancy for renters. But in terms of giving people a stake – and a place – in society, nothing beats a home. There are people who say this is old-fashioned thinking: that we need to accustom ourselves to the reality of renting as the norm, that we in Britain too often fetishise home ownership. If anything, this is the opposite of the truth: we give home ownership not too much attention, but too little. FOLLOW Rob Colvile on Twitter @rcolvile; READ MORE at telegraph.co.uk/ opinion Our rates of home ownership are at 30-year lows – and are now among the lowest in Europe. That is largely because our planning system has relentlessly failed to build the number, and kind, of homes that people want and need. A society in which so many people are deprived of ownership is one that will become ever more stratified, and feel ever more unfair to those within it. In fact, we at the Centre for Policy Studies have spent the past few months working out what we should focus our research efforts on – and ended up with the word “OWNERSHIP” in 90pt font. (And bold. And underlined.) Because it’s only when a person has ownership of their finances, their future – and yes, their home – that they can live the kind of life they want. It’s often been said recently that we cannot expect young people to be capitalists if they don’t have capital. This survey is a reminder that economic and social capital almost invariably go hand in hand. A sense of place, and of belonging, are the fundamentals of community – and the antidote to loneliness. Robert Colvile is Director of the Centre for Policy Studies The Daily Telegraph Thursday 12 April 2018 *** 21 Letters to the Editor A freedom we must be careful to use properly F ree speech is a precious commodity that we constrain at our peril. But when its exercise hurts or intimidates others, what then? And who should set the boundaries? In Ealing, west London, confrontations have taken place outside an abortion clinic between so-called pro-life protesters and women attending for advice or terminations. The local council has responded by imposing a “safe space” buffer zone, within which no protests are permitted. It is using a Public Space Protection Order (PSPO) to stop vigils being held outside the building. This is a contentious use of powers introduced to curb anti-social behaviour. The concept of “safe spaces” is associated with shutting down debate in universities where speakers whose views some do not share are denied a platform. There is always a danger when powers granted for one purpose are used for another. It would, for instance, be tempting for councils fearing protests against controversial decisions to use PSPOs to prevent legitimate debate. In this case, however, women attending the clinic say they feel harassed and intimidated by anti-abortion protesters who seek to persuade them not to proceed with the terminations. For their part, the pro-lifers say they are there to offer advice on alternatives and complain that their rights are being taken away. Efforts to broker a compromise have failed. Freedom of speech is not an absolute right. It should provide latitude for expression, but not a licence to be obnoxious, rude, boorish or menacing. There are already laws against harassment and intimidation that perhaps could be used here; but the council has a point in saying that deploying police to such an event is both heavy-handed and a waste of resources. There have been too many instances in recent years of the expression of legitimate political and religious opinion being circumscribed under the guise of curbing “hate crime”. Invariably in a clash between equality and faith the former wins. So we need to be careful to avoid sacrificing our centuries-old commitment to freedom of speech in order to protect people from hearing views they do not like. In this instance, however, the anti-abortionists are not being stopped from having their say or from holding their views, just prevented from forcing them directly upon others who do not want to hear them at a vulnerable time in their lives. Regulating Facebook F or the past few days, one of the most powerful men on the planet has been on Capitol Hill answering questions. Not President Trump, of course, but the founder and CEO of Facebook, Mark Zuckerberg. If ever there was a clash of generations it was on show here. The youthful Mr Zuckerberg, looking like he could still be at Harvard, where he set up the social media behemoth in his dorm, faced ranks of US senators, congressmen and women, some of who had a tenuous grasp on the online world they sought to understand. Mr Zuckerberg had to spell out that Facebook made money not by selling data, but by directing advertisers towards potential customers. Too much of the questioning afforded the politicians a chance to grandstand rather than elicit much of note from the elusive CEO about the questions of privacy and regulation. Mr Zuckerberg apologised for the way in which the data of unsuspecting users was accessed by third parties, including, it is alleged, political campaigners. He accepted this was a breach of trust that needed to be addressed but without quite saying how, beyond an investigation into the millions of apps that might be implicated. Around the world, governments are grappling with how to deal with Facebook and other monopolistic internet giants. Are they, or should they be, beyond the reach of regulators? Should they be broken up? Mr Zuckerberg was reluctant to accept that Facebook should be treated as a publisher, not as a tech platform, since that would open it up to laws that affect other media outlets. He was also asked whether he would be in favour of regulation. But that, surely, cannot be a matter for him to decide. Goodbye, sole traders S hoe shops are closing at a faster rate than just about any in the high street. Sometimes it seems that only nail bars are left open, and even that’s because they’re still working on how to offer a manicure online. To many shoe fanatics, it’s unthinkable to seek the ideal style and fit by remote control. Yet the old shoe-shop system seldom worked well. If the shopper could find a seat not bagged by customers who looked set, like the drizzle outside, to hang around all day, there would always come a moment when the assistant, after a tantalisingly long absence downstairs in the stockroom, would return with the news: “I could do your size in mauve,” or else: “We’ve got that style half a size smaller.” Too often it ended in buying something unwearable. Online, even sending shoes back is good news for courier firms. We accept letters by post, fax and email only. Please include name, address, work and home telephone numbers. 111 Buckingham Palace Road, London SW1W 0DT fax 020 7931 2878 eMail dtletters@ telegraph.co.uk follow Telegraph Letters on Twitter @LettersDesk Police versus crime sir – William Hague (Comment, April 10) offers four possible arguments against the use of force in Syria in response to a chemical weapon attack. In 2013 I encouraged my MP (and he agreed with me) to vote against the use of air strikes at that time. My reasons were none of the four listed by Lord Hague. The point was, and still is, that the issues are not as straightforward as we would like them to be. In 2013, the main reason for voting against air strikes was that many minorities in Syria – including the Christian population – had largely felt safe under President Bashar al-Assad, but were very afraid of the range of Islamic groups that threatened to replace him should he be toppled from power. Since then, things have changed. Isil has brought terror to all who dare to disagree with them, and Russia has become significantly involved in supporting Assad. There is no doubt that both Assad and his supporters, not least Russia, have to be shown that their conduct is entirely unacceptable, but we should sir – I was a Metropolitan Police sergeant in charge of a safer neighbourhoods team in Croydon when Theresa May became Home Secretary in 2010 and set about making her series of police reforms. She was warned that her planned police budget cuts were too much, too soon, but she arrogantly dismissed this and said crime was falling. Crime had been steadily falling for number of reasons – including an adequately resourced and supported police force. In 2015, after her budget cuts had resulted in the loss of officers, the closure of police stations and the decimation of neighbourhood policing, she was further warned that the police service was at breaking point and could not cope. These warnings were dismissed as crying wolf. We now have the same number of police officers as we did 30 years ago and crime has risen for the past two years. A leaked Home Office report suggests that police cuts are likely to have contributed to this increase (report, April 10). Many of the young people killing and being killed or injured in knife attacks were not even teenagers when Mrs May became Home Secretary, but we are now reaping what she sowed in 2010. Clifford Baxter Wareham, Dorset be concentrating on a long-term solution, which would offer all groups in Syria a safe future. The immediate use of some kind of significant force should not be ruled out, but whatever is done should be carried out with the ultimate long-term solution in mind. Michael Sparrow Marple, Cheshire sir – It seems that Syria and Russia are to be punished for murdering innocent civilians in the wrong way. Robin Steggles Holbrook, Suffolk sir – Your leading article (April 9) makes the point that in 2013 the West, in particular America, did not act decisively to punish President Assad for carrying out a previous gas attack. The response to a subsequent gas attack, amounting to the firing of a number of cruise missiles at an air force base, was not impressive. It is a pity that America and its allies did not mount a major attack in 2013 to neutralise the Syrian air defences and then destroy the Syrian air force, including its helicopters in the air and on the ground. Sadly, now that Russia is supporting President Assad militarily, and both leaders deny the use of chemical weapons, there is little hope of preventing their use and bringing those who use them to justice. John MacGillivray Dundee sir – Bold talk of a military intervention is misguided. Syria is a nation state and has not transgressed its borders. All possible options are fraught with collateral implications. If the Western world is really determined to do something, then the brutal isolation of Syria from any form of engagement with the world beyond its borders would go a long way to making Assad’s regime unsustainable. Russia’s Vladimir Putin would also be made to declare his hand or acquiesce to non-military action. Charles Holden Micheldever, Hampshire Abortion protest ban sir – You report (April 10) that “protests” outside the Marie Stopes abortion clinic in Ealing, west London, are to be “banned in an effort to stop women and staff from being harassed and intimidated”, with local councillors voting for a “buffer zone” – a Public Space Protection Order. All pro-life vigils pray and offer help and information upon request to women seeking abortion. There have been no reports of intimidation and no police intervention. Even if there were a genuine case of harassment at the Ealing clinic, there are already legal provisions to forestall such activity, introduced to prevent attacks on scientific premises by protesters against animal experimentation. Perhaps the reason that Ealing and other councils have not introduced these measures is that they can be applied by judges only after seeing evidence of harassment – and there is none. Campaigners seem so eager to silence the pro-life point of view that they seem not to care about the implications for restricting the mark of a free country – free speech. Ealing’s Labour MP Rupa Huq has been leading a parliamentary campaign “to impose buffer zones around family planning clinics nationally”. It seems that the “buffer zone” campaign is an attempt to normalise abortion. When an operation that involves killing rather than saving life is reduced to a bureaucratic procedure, we hear echoes of what Hannah Arendt called the banality of evil. Ann Farmer Woodford Green, Essex sir – Is it acceptable that any organisation creates a space in a public location in this country where freedom of speech is denied, especially when the matter concerns life and death? Universities have tried it, now councils. Expressing a genuine argued opinion, even if one disagrees with it, must always be allowed. Jonathan Longstaff Buxted, East Sussex Noted failure sir – I think we can all agree that we have now given our new plastic money a fair crack of the whip. Since I have yet to hear a word in favour of it, isn’t it time for the authorities to take a deep breath, apologise and relaunch real money before any more damage is done to our national prestige? Michael Walker Hardwick, Huntingdonshire BRIDGEMAN established 1855 Action against Syria still leaves its long-term stability unresolved Deeds, not words: a 4,000-year-old Sumerian pictographic tablet of a property deed Homeowners’ deeds deserve to be preserved sir – When I worked as a conveyancer, I always made sure that any unwanted deeds (Letters, April 11) were offered to the buyer on completion of the transaction. Most buyers were very happy to have these often interesting old documents, which neither the mortgage lender nor the Land Registry wanted, not least because they did not have the storage space. I am afraid that in these days of cut-price conveyancing, legal firms do not want their staff taking time to sort through old deeds and documents; it is cheaper just to dispose of them. Marie Blanchard Newport, Monmouthshire sir – A few years ago the Telegraph reported that lenders were disposing of deeds as they were no longer required, which prompted me to ask for mine back. Following this, I asked my solicitor to register them with the Land Registry. This was done, but disappointingly the Registry lost our deeds, so I asked my solicitor for a copy, which was supplied. I explained that the whole reason I had done this was to secure my original deeds. The Land Registry reimbursed me for the extra legal costs but couldn’t do any more. Subsequently they were found and gratefully returned. Richard Hartley Northampton sir – As a retired solicitor, I deplore the destruction of old deeds. Apart from their value in some cases as historical documents, I have known cases where they have proved useful in determining questions relating to matters such as the ownership of boundaries, where the Land Registry record has not been of any help. It used to be an offence to destroy deeds, but I presume that this is no longer the case. Brian Checkland Thingwall, Wirral sir – Paul Berry (Letters, April 10) is not alone in having his mortgage lender lose or destroy his title deeds. On completing my mortgage with Northern Rock/Virgin, I received an A4 sheet of paper with Land Registry details. On inquiring why I hadn’t received the “bundle” covering more than 120 years’ history of my plot and house, I was told that they didn’t have them. Eventually they admitted they had been “lost in transit” while being transferred to their new storage facility. They were quite offhand and couldn’t understand what I was making a fuss about. Like Mr Berry I am more than a little peeved at the loss of my property’s history. Dennis Watling Southend-on-Sea, Essex sir – On receiving the deeds for my house, along with the usual conveyances on parchment, indentures, legal charges and epitomes of title were two death certificates indicating that two of the previous occupants had died in accidents. Perhaps it would have been better not to receive the deeds after all. Simon Rycroft Haslemere, Surrey sir – Nick Hurd, a Home Office minister, is quoted as saying the police are “stretched” and that he doesn’t dispute “the pressure on the front line” (report, April 9). Policing is a fundamental service and, while more money is going into policing, it is clearly not enough. Contrast this with the aid budget – much of which is spent on projects of questionable worth – which rises automatically in line with GDP, without scrutiny. One has to ask where the sense is in this and where the Government’s priorities lie. Cdre Malcolm Williams Southsea, Hampshire sir – What’s this codswallop about Glasgow teaching London how to deal with violent crime (report, April 8)? Glasgow’s violent crime statistics only crashed because one particular shop, which provided the armoury for every tuppenny thug, stopped selling lethal weapons that did not require a firearms licence. This has still done nothing to reduce the appalling casualty figures in A&E departments after every Old Firm derby. London, meanwhile, has seen Islamist terrorism result in police on standby night after night. As I discovered, this means that simply rummaging through your rucksack on a litter bin can result in poker-faced police officers in stab vests appearing and asking you to explain your business. Impressed? Not as much as the newsagents and shopkeepers around London Euston and King’s Cross (who told me they had previously been easy prey for casual armed robberies), or the residents basking in the safety of walking London’s streets. Mark Boyle Johnstone, Renfrewshire Wearing the trousers sir – If I was anticipating spending £36,000 a year on sending a grandchild to Uppingham School, the news that it allows boys to wear skirts (report, April 10) would have me very quickly suggesting to my daughter and son-in-law that there are competing schools, which encourage boys to grow to be men and girls to become ladies. Crombie Glennie Hawksworth, Nottinghamshire How long until Putin’s pet oligarchs turn on him? The Russian president cannot afford humiliation over Syria but his alliance is under pressure Mark alMond S o: war. We could be about to enter one. Easy as it is to see the escalating tensions in Syria as a crisis of Western authority, it is actually most severe for Vladimir Putin. For him, this is not just an international crisis: it is also a domestic one. True, Putin has just been elected to his fourth term with a possibly manipulated 77 per cent of the vote. His restoration of Russia’s status as a great power, through his seizure of Crimea in 2014 and intervention a year later in Syria, have ensured that public support for the strongman in the Kremlin has remained strong. Having acted decisively where Obama and Britain had baulked, Putin had propelled his ally, President Assad, to the verge of victory in the civil war. If you listen to the abusive language between UN ambassadors in the Security Council and the Russian diplomats threatening to shoot down Western planes and missiles, it’s clear that Syria is a life-or-death issue for Putin. Will the groups who have underpinned his regime until now stand with him? Following the economic crisis of 2008 and the Western sanctions from 2014 over Russian policy in Ukraine, Putin consolidated his political hold over Russia by emphasising his ability to ward off foreign threats. Deciding that the West’s hopes for political change in Russia left no place for him, he turned against it and regime change generally. Assad was one beneficiary. Operating geopolitics as an extension of his domestic self-interest served Putin well. He forged a coalition of interest groups from the security services which had shaped him via the new rich, whom he protected in return for fealty. A broad swathe of Russian public opinion, meanwhile, swelled with national pride even if belts were tightening. As the London property market and St Tropez’s register of mega-yachts showed, Russia’s oligarchs sailed smoothly through the post-2014 political storms. That was until President Trump went for their financial jugular by sanctioning some by name and making European as well as US banks wary of dealing with them. As Iran has found, US unilateral sanctions make doing business with the EU and Japan almost impossible, because banks are global and need dollars from the Federal Reserve. So now, while only a fool or a madman would welcome a direct clash between American and Russian forces, an economic war of attrition is already under way which could split Putin’s ruling alliance. Strong as he is, all political systems are oligarchal. The top man needs allies and competent underlings to run the system, and they are boss to those beneath them. In the early 2000s Putin purged the billionaires who thought their wealth made them political players in their own right, just as Peter the Great disposed of the boyars. But today’s oligarchs feeling the pinch are not his opponents but his supporters. The distress of a Deripaska has very different political impact at home than the bankruptcy of an exiled Berezovsky. Even as they backed Putin, the West – or at least its financial services, and indeed its servant class in general – has been very good to them. Now they face exclusion from our markets and fleshpots, which is humiliating. Of course, the oligarchs are not Putin’s only allies. Even after the fiasco of the “hardline” coup in 1991, which seemed to show coups don’t work in Russia, he does rely on his security services and on the support of the patriotic working class. Yet here, too, there is a problem. The ideologists of Putinism seem to welcome a return to a Russia cut off from the West. Since Russia is not strong enough to stand fully against the West on its own, that means swinging 180 degrees and cosying up to China after three centuries of trying to westernise. Because China is America’s looming rival, it seems Russia’s obvious ally, but China’s vast population and pulsating economy also pose a long-term challenge, especially to underpopulated Siberia. Apart from energy and weapons, Russia has little to offer China except playing the distraction for American power from China’s rise in the Pacific. For ordinary Russians whose patriotism has been stirred by Putin’s apparent revival of superpower status, playing second fiddle to China could be difficult to swallow. Putin might be willing to go to the brink to avoid humiliation in Syria, and the generals might go with him out of pride in their recent successes. But realism also has a long tradition in the Kremlin. In the long term, this pace and intensity of foreign adventure is simply unsustainable without embracing China, with all the problems that would bring. On the other hand, what Westerners perceive as realistic is not necessarily what Russians take for granted. Economic self-interest has often been overrated in Russian history; Communism could not have happened otherwise. So in the short term, Putin is likely to double down, or even be pushed aside by a more hardline successor if he backs off. Expect things to get worse before they get better. Mark Almond is Director of the Crisis Research Institute, Oxford read More at telegraph.co.uk/opinion 22 Thursday 12 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph *** Puzzles, mind games and Telegraph Toughie Puzzles Test your wits with our famous crosswords puzzles.telegraph.co.uk UZ Z L E S P Enjoy all your favourite puzzles online If you haven’t joined yet, try our free trial now at puzzles.telegraph.co.uk 1. 3. The Daily Telegraph Thursday 12 April 2018 *** 23 24 *** Thursday 12 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph FAMILY FEATURES The Daily Telegraph Thursday 12 April 2018 *** 25 Toby Young My plan to save the Open University Page 26 ARTS JEFF GILBERT Top score How classical music infiltrated video games Page 28 Pro-life campaigners demonstrate outside Ealing Broadway Town Hall before the abortion buffer zone vote this week FEATURE Flags in the attic Laying Japan’s war dead to rest Page 27 Inside the abortion buffer zone REVIEW All that jazz Can Cuba Gooding Jr cut it on the London stage in Chicago? Page 29 As Ealing Council makes history by curbing ‘intimidating’ pro-life protesters, Radhika Sanghani visits the clinic at the centre of the storm to find out more A woman holding rosary beads and religious pamphlets is standing outside Marie Stopes abortion clinic in Ealing. She tries to hand leaflets to the various young women going inside, but they shake their heads and decline. Behind her, two more women are quietly praying. The atmosphere in this quiet suburban family road is subdued, but many residents walking past stop to shake their heads. “Jesus wouldn’t want you to break the law,” shouts one mother who is accompanied by her two daughters. Another mutters, “I thought they’d be gone by now.” One passer-by goes straight up to the protesters: “Why are you still here? Just f--- off. You strange people.” The police are called in anticipation of further conflict, and arrive within minutes. This is the first day since Ealing Council made British history by voting in favour of a “buffer zone” outside the west London abortion clinic. The protests and vigils, which have taken place outside its doors daily, will now be forced to happen 100 metres away under a new Public Service Protection Order (PSPO). Anyone breaching the order could be arrested and face a fine of up to £1,000. But it will not be implemented until at least April 23, meaning that pro-life protesters are still free to stand outside the clinic and approach the women coming in and out. These pro-lifers claim that they do nothing more than pray quietly and offer women leaflets – and some do just that – but hundreds of women in the borough have reported more extreme and sinister behaviour, which has left them feeling intimidated, harassed and threatened at a time when they were already vulnerable. Some say they have been told “you’ll die of cancer”, others that they have been called “murderers” and asked if they really want to “kill their baby”? John Hansen-Brevetti, operations manager at the clinic, said patients had been told that the “ghost of their foetus” will haunt them, had the words “Mummy don’t kill me” shouted in their direction, and had holy water thrown on them. During Tuesday’s landmark vote, councillors said they had personally witnessed behaviour bordering on harassment and intimidation outside the clinic. They read out testimonies from local women telling of their own REBECCA*, 26 When Rebecca chose to have an abortion last year, her biggest fear was that there would be protesters outside the Marie Stopes clinic. “I was terrified,” she says. “My husband shielded me from them, but one woman tried to block the door with rosaries. She kept saying ‘don’t do this’. There was also another woman holding a poster with a two-yearold child and a sixweek foetus on it, and shouted ‘love both’ in a very non-loving g voice. “It hadn’t been an easy decision for me, as I grew up Catholic,” she says. “We’d only been married a few months, and my husband and I both felt we needed to be much more financially secure before we had a child. It was a really difficult choice to make, but being judged about it made it even worse.” Rebecca was also terrified of the procedure – “I have a phobia of doctors and had no idea what to expect” – so seeing the posters of dismembered foetuses was incredibly tough. “It was scary and all added to the anxiety I was having about it. My husband was furious on my behalf. “It was like standing outside a hospital showing people pictures of open heart surgery. There was no way that their presence would have made me reconsider, but it did make everything that much harder.” *Names have been changed experiences, from receiving threatening comments to being recorded or filmed. “I have recurring nightmares four to five times a week about protesters hurting, judging and chasing” said one. While, this behaviour could be classified under harassment, which is already a crime under the Equality Act, protesters are rarely arrested for it. Councillor Binda Rai, who first brought the motion to Ealing Council last year, explains that is because the police have to weigh it up against the European Convention of Human Rights, which also recognises the right of people to assemble. “For the Continued on page 27 26 Thursday 12 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph *** FEATURE ANDREW CROWLEY FOR THE TELEGRAPH; ALAMY STOCK T H R E E T E E N S A N D A B A BY D I A RY O F A G A P M U M LIZ FRASER How I would save my father’s Open University A row over finances has rocked the OU, with student numbers dropping. Toby Young offers his plan for survival S uccess has many fathers, but my own father, Michael Young, can reasonably claim some of the credit for the Open University. According to his initial idea, which he first floated in 1961, it would be a university for adults who had missed out on higher education. He had just taken up a post as a lecturer at Cambridge and when he discovered that the colleges and faculty buildings were empty for six months of the year, he tried to persuade the university authorities to create a “second Cambridge” for mature students. It wouldn’t be a place for privileged public schoolboys, but for working class men and women who had been denied the opportunity of a university education and all the benefits that can bring. Needless to say, his proposal was met with almost universal derision by his colleagues. At one critical meeting, he knew he had lost the room when an elderly don complained of his use of the word “campus” to describe the dreaming spires of Cambridge – anyone vulgar enough to use such a ghastly, American word did not deserve to be taken seriously. In need of saving: the OU was founded under the vision of Michael Young. His son Toby, top, offers his explanation of how it can be turned around He reluctantly concluded that this institution would only get off the ground if it had no “campus”. It would instead be a “university of the air”, in which students remained in their homes and received their education via television or radio. He decided to call it the Open University (OU). Michael died in 2002, by which time the OU had exceeded his expectations, becoming Europe’s largest higher education institution. So I can only imagine his disappointment if he were still alive to hear of its latest travails. On Monday, the OU’s governing council held an emergency meeting to discuss the fate of Peter Horrocks, its vice-chancellor, and the fact that it hasn’t yet issued a statement of support is ominous. He fell out with staff after proposing to find savings of £100 million in the OU’s annual budget of £420 million. The difficulty Horrocks faces is that the OU is operating with an annual deficit of £20 million and is finding it increasingly hard to attract students, with numbers dropping from 242,000 in 2011-12 to 173,927 in 2016-17. On the face of it, the OU’s falling student roll is surprising. The number of students being admitted to English universities has increased significantly over the past 10 years. There is also the fact that a lot of adults need to re-train. Even though unemployment is at record lows, nearly a third of 50 to 65-year-olds are out of work – about 3.6 million people. So why isn’t the OU more popular? One reason is increased competition. Prof Karl Lygo, the founder of BPP University, points out that nearly every British university now offers distance learning, whereby students can earn a degree from home. For instance, the University of Liverpool has teamed up with a US company called Laureate to offer a slate of Russell Group degrees online. And while OU degrees are ostensibly deemed as credible by employers as those from (red) bricks and mortar institutions, “the market is much more competitive than it used to be,” says Lygo. “Students have more choice, there are more suppliers. New competitors are growing rapidly.” There is also the rise of MOOCs to contend with – Massive Open Online Courses. These are university courses that anyone can enrol on free of charge. While MOOCs don’t provide students with degrees, some of the world’s most prestigious universities are pouring resources into them. This has made life more difficult for the OU. After all, if you’re interested in machine learning for its own sake, and not because you’re hoping to retrain as a computer programmer, why would you pay to embark on a degree at the OU when you can enrol on Stanford’s “Introduction Into AI” for free? But the biggest reason is because of the tripling of tuition fees – the OU’s included. It now costs £17,500 on average to complete an OU degree over six years and between 2010-11 and 2015-16, the number of part-time students fell by 56 per cent. “We didn’t anticipate that raising the cap and expanding loans would result in fewer people enrolling on part-time courses,” says Nick Hillman, director of the Higher Education Policy Institute and special adviser to David Willetts, the universities minister who raised the cap in 2012. “It didn’t deter full time students, so why would it deter part-time students?” The answer is that the sort of people thinking of signing up for part-time courses are often in work, or they’re full time parents, or they have a mortgage, and they are much more debt-averse than school-leavers. In addition, many of them are ineligible for tuition fee loans because they already have degrees. Hillman describes himself as “centre Right” and is not normally an advocate of increasing state subsidies, but he thinks the Government should make an exception for the OU, and possibly for other universities aimed at adult learners, like Birkbeck College. “The Welsh government has decided to offer a higher subsidy to part-time students than to full time students because it has faced up to the fact that unless it does, numbers will decline, fewer people will re-train and, in the long term, the economy will suffer,” he says. “I think we have no choice but to follow suit.” Unlike my father, a lifelong socialist, I am a Tory. But I agree with Nick. If the OU is to be saved, the Government has to put its hand in its pocket. This week: Why should I be judged for wanting to stay slim during pregnancy? ‘There they are again: the scowls, the eyebrows, the tutting’ W eek 19 and things are starting to take shape. Or rather, change shape. Mainly, me. I am really starting to show now and, for the first time, I love it. During my previous three pregnancies in my 20s, the hardest thing was losing the body shape and size that I knew and liked – and felt comfortable and myself in – as I morphed reluctantly into a blancmangy hippopotamus. This time, to my huge surprise, I find I can’t get enough of my curves. I mould my fingers around the tight little bump growing under my skin, and can’t wait for it to get bigger. Hiding in there is my child, and the more pronounced my bump gets, the closer I feel to her. I want to touch her, look at her and talk to her, already. Hurry up! Grow! The reason this is all so surprising to me – and I am ready to be attacked on all sides for saying this, so here goes – is because I like being slim. I don’t like feeling heavy, full or losing my waist. Pregnancy, helpfully, pretty much causes of all of the above to happen, and as much as we are told we should “bloom” – like balloons being filled with water and human limbs – I admit that I have always found the physical changes difficult to deal with. I don’t so much bloom and grow, as bloat and cry. I suspect that age has something to do with it. When we are younger, we fight things more. We fear a lack of control. Or we’ve not “come into ourselves yet”, and can’t just let go and go with the amniotic flow – I’m not sure. As I get older, I actually feel far more fearful and anxious about a lot of things that I once breezed through. But there’s also a laissez-faire that makes us older mums a little more accepting. And enormously grateful to be able to have the pregnancy discomforts at all. Everything about it feels so much more precious and “possibly the last time”, so however unpleasant it may be, I know I won’t feel it again. I want to hold on to every second; every sickness, backache, heartburn and movement. That said, I don’t want to let go completely. Not just for my physical shape, but for my mental health as well. And what makes me feel better than anything else, is running. I’ve been a runner for 25 years, and I love it. I ran through all of my previous pregnancies until it got uncomfortable. And my babies were big, healthy, and fine, thank you. But oh, the looks I got! The scowling. The tutting. “What is she doing to her poor child?” I am hoping, in the intervening 15 years, that things have changed, and we understand that physical activity is actually good for the “poor baby”. So off for a run I go, visible bump supported and strapped up by a spectacularly unattractive but effective combination of Rock Tape and a “Belly Bandit” (basically a giant cummerbund) for a bit of endorphin-releasing exercise. I feel great. My bump feels great. I smile. My baby probably smiles, too. But nobody else does. There they are again: the scowls, the eyebrows, the tutting. Even now, with our understanding of fitness, and the “do what works for you” movement, it seems that in pregnancy what actually matters is what works for everyone else. Or rather, what they feel they have the right to tell you to do. This free-for-all criticism extends to every part of parenting, in my experience, and I just don’t understand it. Nothing seems to change it. But what has changed, is me. I know what works for me, what feels right for me and for my children. And I fully intend to carry on doing things that way. And yes, that includes running around the park with my bump. Next week: The dreaded 20-week scan The Daily Telegraph Thursday 12 April 2018 *** 27 FEATURE ‘This flag will be our family treasure’ A s he accepts the fragile flag that was picked up by an unknown British soldier on a battlefield in Burma in 1944, 75-year old shop owner, Shojiro Nakajima says he senses that the soldier it belonged to – whose black-and-white portrait hangs on the wall of his family home in the rural town of Higashi Omi – has finally come home to rest. And he has another former British soldier and an indefatigable USbased reconciliation group to thank for bringing his family closure. Mr Nakajima says he was too young to remember Yasuhei Nakajima, his uncle, marching off to war in northern Burma where he died on the battlefield aged just 26. He had no wife or children, and family memories of this distant relative have dimmed since his death. But looking at his portrait with a black crepe bow in one corner, Mr Nakajima says he always thought he looked “honest and hard-working”. Yosegaki Hinomaru flags were considered a good luck talisman for a serviceman going off to war and virtually every Japanese soldier carried at least one. For Allied soldiers, from Burma to New Guinea, Malaya and the islands of the Pacific, they were the perfect souvenir because they were light and could be easily stuffed into a pocket or pouch, even in the heat of battle. The flags these men carried, however, were highly personal items that the families still believe retained their souls. And as more Allied servicemen from Britain, the US, Australia and elsewhere have grown old and died, their descendants are discovering these long-forgotten artefacts in the backs of drawers or in dusty attics. For the past nine years, one organisation, the Obon Society, has been returning them to the scattered relatives of the Japanese servicemen who died in battle, and whose bodies may never have returned home. The full details of Yasuhei Nakajima’s death are unlikely to ever be known. It is believed he was killed in a clash with British troops in March 1944 during the Battle of Imphal, the high-tide of Japan’s assault on south-east Asia, but the family only received official notification that he had died many months later. Of the 2.4 million Japanese servicemen killed during the Second World War, 1.14 million are still listed as “missing in action” and families never received their remains. On April 5, during a solemn ceremony at Gokoku-jinja Shrine, in the town of Hikone, three tattered and stained flags were returned to their families in Shiga Prefecture. “To finally have this flag makes the tears well up,” Mr Nakajima says. “To be able to hold it gives me the feeling that Yasuhei was my blood. The whole Nakajima family feels that he is at last coming home. I will take this flag home and we have asked the rest of the family to gather. This flag is now our family treasure.” The route that Yasuhei Nakajima’s flag took home can only be traced back to 1983, when Andrew Clare, then a Royal Marine Commando, noticed it in a junk shop window in Plymouth. “Before I could read Japanese “kanji”, characters I knew what it was and that it was genuine,” says Mr Clare, who went on to study Japanese in Sheffield and Kobe, and is now legal director of DAC Beachcroft LLP in ANDREW POTHECARY Julian Ryall discovers how a Japanese war talisman found in a British junk shop has been reunited with the soldier’s family Reunited: Andrew Clare returns a flag to Shojiro Nakajima, above centre, whose relative died on a battlefield in Burma in 1944; a ceremony is held to commemorate the flag returning home Manchester. “I can’t remember how much it was, but it could not have been more than £50 – scandalous when one thinks about the value of it to families.” As his Japanese improved, over the following years, Mr Clare was able to decipher some of the names on the flag and Nakajima cropped up frequently. It became his ambition to one day to be able to return the flag to the right family, but it was a daunting task. Nakajima is a common surname and the task of finding one family somewhere in a nation of 127 million was enormous. During his research, Mr Clare discovered the Obon Society. Based in ALAMY STOCK PHOTO CONTINUED FROM PAGE 25 police to be called for harassment purposes, you have to prove it’s one-on-one harassment continuously,” she says. “A woman coming to the clinic is only likely to visit once or twice at the most, so it will be a one-off, which makes it really difficult.” The other issue is that women are often deterred from reporting any harassment they do experience. “They want to go in, have the procedure, and not be caught up in bureaucratic processes,” says Cllr Rai. “They’re entitled to anonymity, and don’t want to give it up.” It is a complex issue, one recognised by council leader Julian Bell, who stressed that councillors were at this week’s vote not to express personal feelings, but to see whether the behaviour legally justified a buffer zone. “The issue is about the proximity of the pro-life groups to the clinics,” he explained. “If you look at the evidence, for me, it’s quite clear that there is a detrimental effect on the women using the clinic. “ In a council consultation of 2,181 (the most respondents any Ealing survey has ever had), 90 per cent said they had seen people protesting outside the clinic, and 89 per cent of locals said they felt people recording or taking videos of women entering and leaving the clinics was extremely detrimental to their quality of life. Up to 95 per cent said they fully supported the safe zone. Clare McCullough, of Roman Catholic group the Good Counsel Network, denied that women were being harassed and said her efforts had helped more than 500 change their minds about abortions. “We respect the help they offer to women who want to use their services,” councillor Ranjit Dheer tells me. “But is it necessary to congregate outside the clinic causing distress to thousands of women?” During the council meeting, the tension was high, and when the unanimous vote to implement a Sister supporters: the pro-choice group clapped and cheered outside the town hall buffer zone was announced, the room was divided. One half erupted in joy, with dozens of women in pink “Sister Supporters” vests cheering. “I can’t believe it,” cried one. “Ealing has made history.” The other half of the room was muted, with several men shaking their heads and a young woman resting her When the unanimous vote was announced, the room was divided. Half in joy, half muted head in her hands. Some walked out in disgust. Outside, the pro-choicers were jubilant, standing on the steps of the town hall, cheering and clapping, before going off to the pub en-masse to celebrate their victory. Down below, the pro-lifers stood in a sombre circle, singing “Glory, glory Hallelujah” in a long vigil. ISAPEL WILLIAMS, 37 Last year, Isapel found herself pregnant and single. “I’d been abandoned by my boyfriend, and had no money. I couldn’t afford to have a baby. I was on my own,” she says. She went to the Marie Stopes clinic to terminate her pregnancy at around four weeks, but was approached by an anti-abortion protester. “She politely introduced herself to me, and gave me a leaflet,” explains Isapel. “She said, if we can support you, would you still go through with this? It was the only reason I wanted to terminate my pregnancy, so when they offered me financial and moral support it changed my mind. I realised I had another choice. “Now I have my beautiful baby son Christopher, who is 13 months old, and I’m so glad I met that woman.” The pro-lifers’ argument against a buffer zone is free speech – should protesters not be allowed to make their voices heard? “No one is denying them their voice,” stressed Anna Veglio-White, co-founder of Sister Supporters – the main pro-choice group campaigning in Ealing. “The anti-abortion activists will still be able to protest. Free speech is a qualified right. It is not an absolute given, and it has never superseded women’s rights to anonymity.” Her words have previously been echoed by Amber Rudd, the Home Secretary, who stressed that “while everyone has a right to peaceful protest, it is completely unacceptable that anyone should feel harassed or intimidated simply for exercising their legal right to healthcare advice and treatment.” The Home Office is currently reviewing whether a need exists for new legislation on buffer zones outside abortion clinics – something that already exists in some Australian, American and Canadian states. British campaigners hope the landmark decision in Ealing will now inspire exactly that, especially as the PSPO can only be implemented for three years, before the entire process has to be repeated. “Ealing Council is courageous in taking this step but not all the burden can fall on local government,” explains Ealing MP Rupa Huq, who has had hate mail and foetus dolls sent to her parliamentary office as a result of her campaigning. All that remains to be seen now is whether this historical vote will stay within the borough – or whether it can inspire a divisive battle across Britain. Astoria, Washington, the group was set up in 2009 by Rex and Keiko Ziak, after Keiko’s grandfather’s flag was returned through a small and understaffed division of Japan’s Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. Realising that potentially millions of these heirlooms are dotted around the world – and with many now being sold to collectors – they set about reuniting them with the families of fallen soldiers. “The Japanese concept of the spiritual world is very different to that in the West, so when a family member disappeared in the war, anything that was returned – his wallet, a letter, a flag – became him,” says Mr Ziak. “But these were sought-after souvenirs. They were clearly an enemy flag, they had Japanese writing and hand prints.” The 50th anniversary of the end of the war in 1995 seemed to be a turning point in many US veterans’ attitudes, adds Mr Ziak, and the flags began to be returned to the Japanese embassy or consulates across the US. The vast majority are still in storage in Tokyo, but the Obon Society has accepted around 1,000 flags from around the world. Some arrive anonymously; others are accompanied by a note that might provide a few clues; a few have small donations that allow the Ziaks to continue their work. To date, they have managed to return around 180 flags to families. Mr Clare posted his flag to the Obon Society and admits he never expected the organisation to make too much progress. But, Mr Ziak says, “all the clues that were needed to trace the family were right there on the flag”. His research team was quickly able to narrow the search down to Shiga Prefecture thanks to the kanji used in the Nakajima family name, which are specific to a relatively small district. Further inquiries cross-checked the name with Japanese government records detailing the soldiers who had died at Imphal in 1944. And there was, as is often the case, a degree of luck in finally identifying the soldier’s descendants just six weeks after the Obon Society had received the flag. Mr Clare was so overwhelmed he decided to travel to Japan with his wife, Deborah, to hand it over in a deeply personal ceremony to a very grateful Mr Nakajima. “This flag belongs to his family, not me,” Mr Clare says. Operating on a shoestring, the Obon Society asks for no money from either the sender or recipient of a flag and has a network of 35 volunteers, primarily in Japan and the US. The Ziaks work on the project full time, supported by Mr Ziak’s book sales and occasional lectures, but he admits that he spends 70 per cent of his time trying to find funding. Yet the work is too important for them to stop, they say. “Often when we hand one of these flags over, the families talk to it”, Mr Ziak says. “They are consoling the flag, reassuring the soldier that he has returned home safely. We frequently find that the families were also traumatised by the war. “Many veterans’ descendants need these items to put their own hearts at rest.” More information: obonsociety.org 28 Thursday 12 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph *** Arts Mozart, Haydn, and now … PlayStation music? ‘Beethoven wanted to put people in an emotional state of mind. If he were alive today, he would compose for games’ P eruse the website of the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra and you will see a typically packed April schedule – Rachmaninov’s Piano Concerto No 2, Mozart’s Clarinet Concerto, Haydn’s Mass in B-flat major. Next month, however, the esteemed orchestra will be turning its hand to something a little different. In front of 5,000 concertgoers at the Royal Albert Hall, it will be performing the music to the video game Uncharted 2: Among Thieves. And not just Uncharted 2, but other PlayStation titles too: its sequel Uncharted 3: Drakes’s Deception, 2008’s LittleBigPlanet, 2016’s The Last Guardian and the multi-million-selling Horizon Zero Dawn. Accompanied by a spectacular light show, the orchestral music is expected to attract hundreds of people who have never been to a classical concert before. The event will also underline what a force video game scores are now in the world of classical music. “This concert is a signpost for where orchestral music is expanding,” says James Williams, the RPO’s managing director. “Many people today have grown up with the music of video games, and have come to love the sound of the orchestra by playing.” For those who do not play games, the idea that they may have anything to offer classical aficionados sounds ridiculous. Games like PacMan and Asteroids were played to a soundtrack of primitive bleeps and bloops. But just as games’ graphics have transformed out of all recognition from those early days, so too has the music. Today, it is not unusual for game companies with big budgets to employ 100-piece orchestras and pay composers anywhere between £700 and £2,100 for a minute of music. When you consider that a soundtrack can be anything from 30 minutes to GETTY IMAGES; PICTUREGROUP/OIC As the classical world tries to attract younger audiences, the answer may lie in video games. Jonathan Holmes explains how High score: at the Video Game Awards, Lorne Balfe and orchestra perform scores of top games; below, The Last Guardian; right, Jessica Curry three hours long, that means fees of hundreds of thousands – an enormous amount compared to what composers might usually earn for commissions. And the quality of the compositions is high. When Classic FM published its Hall of Fame in 2015 – described as the world’s biggest annual survey of classical music tastes – 12 of the 300 pieces were video game scores. Three of those were in the top 13. It prompted Classic FM to launch a new show, High Score, dedicated to game music. After the first series was broadcast in April last year, it became the most popular programme ever on the station’s Listen Again service. That first series (a second followed last November) led to a 30 per cent increase in young listeners for the station, but also found a surprising audience among older listeners. “I was expecting quite a big kickback from Classic FM’s traditional audience,” says Jessica Curry, the show’s presenter. “But what has been wonderful is people saying, ‘I’ve never played a game, I probably never will, but this piece of music is absolutely incredible, it blew me away.’ It’s really gratifying to bring a new audience into game music. These two worlds aren’t as far apart as you may think.” Curry, who will be presenting the RPO concert at the Royal Albert Hall, is herself a composer of game music and won a Bafta for Everybody’s Gone to the Rapture, a game about the apocalypse set in a quiet Shropshire village. “I was not a gamer: I grew up loving romantics like Rachmaninoff, Chopin and Prokofiev and I listened to a lot of Ravel and Debussy,” she says. “I used to associate games with hyper violence and addiction. But now I think games have huge cultural worth.” Her music has an unmistakable sense of British melancholy. “I’m very into choral music,” she explains. “The music for Rapture was influenced by Duruflé’s Requiem.” Game music, however, is different from film music; it has to change depending on what the player does. To achieve this, composers write separate layers of music representing different states: one for normal gameplay (exploration, say); slight tension (when an opponent appears in the distance); or lots of tension (a fight). They also use loops – short chunks of music that repeat, depending on how long the player takes. Good gamers might be quick to complete a level; novices may take an hour. That means composers have to keep the music flexible. Curry, of course, concentrates on the main theme music on High Score, in the same way that Classic FM would only play certain sections of Prokofiev’s Romeo and Juliet. In Curry’s opinion, though, some of the most exciting and ambitious new classical compositions are to be found in games. She highlights the American composer Jason Graves, whose credits include Tomb Raider and who will also feature in the RPO’s PlayStation in Concert. Graves incorporated his love for serialism, John Cage and Philip Glass into his score for Dead Space 2, which featured a string quartet. He thinks composing for games allows a creative freedom that traditional formats lack. “I’m a big fan of Penderecki and Ligeti, contemporary avant garde music, but I also love The Beatles and Enya,” he says. “Video games are the only place I can use all of the desperate clash of genres in my head.” The audiences have followed: Graves has played his scores all over the world, from the US to the UK, Sweden and Spain. Fellow American composer Tommy Tallarico has also been working to bring gamers into the concert hall. The release of Halo in 2001 – marking the start of the mega-budget game – made a sensation of its soundtrack, composed by Martin O’Donnell and featuring Gregorian chanting over militaristic percussion. “Halo was our Star Wars moment,” says Tallarico, who along with fellow composer Jack Wall launched the Video Games Live touring show around this time. Taking inspiration from his cousin, Aerosmith frontman Steven Tyler, Tallarico created a concert “that showcased video game music in a symphonic way, but combined it with the energy and enthusiasm of a rock concert.” The result is bombastic, but the star remains the music. “Beethoven wanted to put people in an emotional state of mind with his music,” he says, “If he were alive today, he would compose for games.” The Southbank Centre has previously hosted Video Games Live, and its director of music, Gillian Moore, is a fan. “I so don’t play video games,” she says. “But I am absolutely aware of what an important cultural form it is.” She views gaming as a vital outlet for orchestral music, pointing to its close ties with Britain’s most venerated orchestras. “Getting people in concert halls listening to game music is very valid,” Moore adds. “It’s not a stepping stone to something else, it’s a great thing in itself. As a musician, the interactivity, how music changes with the player’s actions, really excites me.” Game music’s reputation is growing all the time. Curry wants to go further. “I love the Proms,” she says. “I love that it’s in summer, that there’s a sense of occasion and tradition. But I don’t understand why there isn’t a video game prom. I think it’s time.” PlayStation in Concert is at the Royal Albert Hall, London SW7, on May 30. royalalberthall.com The Daily Telegraph Thursday 12 April 2018 ** 29 ALASTAIR MUIR; REG WILSON/REX/SHUTTERSTOCK Arts Welcome to the new age of censorship Fifty years after the Theatres Act, Dominic Cavendish looks at today’s climate of offence and asks if we are at risk of going backwards I t’s February 2009 and Richard Bean’s play England People Very Nice is knowingly parading a stream of cartoonish East End immigrants in front of National Theatre audiences. There are French Huguenots, Irish Catholics, Jewish anarchists, and Bangladeshis who straddle the divide between western liberalism and militant Islam. The play divides the critics, and some voices denounce Bean as racist. But it’s also a palpable talking-point hit, enjoying 80 to 90 per cent houses. “I don’t think I’d be able to write England People Very Nice today,” Bean declares, not even a full decade later. “We’re living in such a febrile atmosphere, where everyone takes offence at everything. There’s an army of thought-police out there. That constrains you.” This is an astonishing comment from the man who delivered one of the biggest hits of the Nicholas Hytner years at the National, One Man, Two Guvnors. But it’s particularly chastening given that this year marks the 50th anniversary of the end of stagecensorship. On September 26 1968, following the passing of the Theatres Act, playwrights no longer needed a licence from the Lord Chamberlain to perform their work, after centuries in which those who failed to toe the line were effectively banned. We’ve surely come a long way from 1737, when Robert Walpole passed the original Licensing Act in an attempt to muzzle the playwrights of his day, haven’t we? Indeed the National Theatre’s revival this month of Rodney Ackland’s Absolute Hell would seem to emphasise the distance travelled. A Chekhovian portrait of washed-out drifters, servicemen and bohemians in a Soho drinking den at the end of the war, it was first staged as The Pink Room in 1952. The reader’s report for the Lord Chamberlain picked up on a number of characters who were “obviously perverted”. The licence was only issued on the understanding that the gay film director’s secretary was not “to be played as a ‘pansy’” and the character of “Bill”, the hanger-on of a waspish literary lady, was “not to be played as a lesbian”. Dismissed by critics – even Kenneth Tynan called it “broken-backed” – it only achieved full realisation when Ackland revised it for the Orange Tree, Richmond in 1988. The homosexual relationships no longer needed to be closeted and opaque. The play was such a triumph it was aired on BBC Two in a new production starring Judi Dench – Ackland just lived long enough to see it being filmed. Although many of the activities of the Lord Chamberlain and his mirthless men can seem comical with hindsight, the deadening effect of censorship was no laughing matter. Aside from banning major playwrights (the long list includes Ibsen, Strindberg, Pirandello), the climate fostered a spirit of self-censorship. As Nicholas de Jongh argued in his book Politics, Prudery and Perversions: “The Divided: England People Very Nice with Fred Ridgeway and Trevor Laird; below, Judi Dench in Absolute Hell damage done by these men was enormous and enduring. They forced English theatre to cut itself off from depicting and discussing crucial aspects of life with such thoroughness that generations of playgoers came to forget that theatre could be a forum for expressing political or social protest.” Have those shackles now been replaced by invisible bonds of constraint? Has the power of the Lord Chamberlain not so much been extinguished as mutated? That might sound alarmist but Jodie Ginsberg, from campaign group Index on Censorship, argues that a cultural shift, accentuated by the rise of online social media, has created new challenges. She cites as a prime example Exhibit B, a performance art installation at the Barbican in 2014 that featured chained black actors in cages. Intended as a critique of slavery it was shut down after protests. “You had a bunch of people who appeared not to have seen the performance who decided it was racist, got together a petition and protested in a way that caused enough concern for the police to advise the venue to close it down. That has huge ramifications. It’s possible to get a momentum going that moves from an outraged individual to a social media mob to a physical protest to prevent something being shown that no one has actually seen.” The threat extends to Shakespeare. Patrick Spottiswoode, director of education at Shakespeare’s Globe, says: “We have a new puritanism now. Schools in Canada and the States are Chicago Phoenix Theatre, WC2 ★★★★★ By Ben Lawrence I n 1997, as a revival of Kander and Ebb’s 1975 musical Chicago was wowing critics in the West End, Cuba Gooding Jr was winning an Oscar for his performance as a loudmouth American footballer in Jerry Maguire. What happened next was not a meteoric rise but a stop-start career which saw Gooding turn down high-profile roles (as Ray Charles) and make inadvisable choices (low point: playing a straight man who accidentally ends up on a gay cruise in alleged comedy Boat Trip). But Gooding is an engaging talent and his performance as the disgraced former actor in The People v OJ Simpson reminded us that he is a force of nature who can rip up the rule book, throwing himself into a very believable portrayal of controlling psychopathy. Now he’s making his West End debut in the well-worn role of Chicago’s Billy Flynn (for the show’s 21st anniversary production) and, as with his portrayal of Simpson, he has made the role feel freshly minted. Banish all thoughts of Richard Gere’s blandly super-slick hotshot lawyer in the 2002 film, or indeed any of the dubious celebrity casting that followed (remember Marti Pellow?). Gooding (distracting and anachronistic man-bun aside) is the real deal, making Flynn an anxious doodlebug who you feel could turn on a pin. When he agrees to take on murderous wannabe Freshly minted: Cuba Gooding Jr as Billy Flynn in Chicago at the Phoenix Theatre TRISTRAM KENTON Theatre showgirl Roxie Hart, you really worry if he can save her from the gallows. It is easy for musical theatre actors to swim in the shallow end of their characters’ psychological states, but Gooding gives a complete performance, showing a touch of the failed vaudevillian who knows his best days are behind him. But can he sing and dance? Certainly Gooding can move, although he is only really given the opportunity to show off anything resembling proper athletics in We Both Reached for the Gun and he does so with a showman’s chutzpah. His vocal talents are less in evidence, however. He has a true voice – rasping and rather plaintive – but it is too often drowned out by the orchestra or contrasting unfavourably with the truly excellent ensemble. Walter Bobbie’s direction (after the great Bob Fosse) is superb and the leanness of Kander and Ebb’s book means that the whole thing rattles along with gusto. Of the other lead performances (which were variable), I was most taken with Josefina Gabrielle, simultaneously tough and vulnerable as Roxie Hart’s nemesis Velma Kelly, and Paul Rider, very touching as Roxie’s cuckolded husband, Amos. This is a show with just the right amount of razzle-dazzle and which knows when to turn down the dial to give its audience more reflective moments, such as in the song Class. Gooding shows he has that in spades. Until Oct 6. Tickets: 0844 871 7627; chicagothemusical.com Absolute Hell is at the National Theatre (0207 452 3000) from April 18; The Assassination of Katie Hopkins is at Theatr Clwyd (01352 701521), from April 20. Entertainments Theatres ST MARTIN'S 020 7836 1443 HER MAJESTY'S 020 7087 7762 66th year of Agatha Christie's THE BRILLIANT ORIGINAL THE MOUSETRAP THE PHANTOM OF THE OPERA Mon-Sat 7:30pm, Mats Tues & Thurs 3 & Sat 4 www.the-mousetrap.co.uk Mon-Sat 7.30, Thu & Sat 2.30 www.ThePhantomOfTheOpera.com “Captivating” TIME OUT **** FINANCIAL TIMES QUEEN'S 0844 482 5160 THE MUSICAL PHENOMENON Classy Gooding razzle-dazzles in revival removing Shakespeare on the grounds that they’re judging it to be anti-Semitic or racist. They will read a character as if they’re a spokesman for Shakespeare. Fifty years ago we knew the Lord Chamberlain represented censorship. Now the censors are far less visible, and much subtler, but they’re there.” In the wake of demonstrations by Sikh protesters that closed Gurpreet Kaur Bhatti’s Behzti at the Birmingham Rep in 2004, as well as the Exhibit B debacle, Spottiswoode asks: “What plays are we not seeing because people don’t dare write them, or managements don’t dare stage them?” Bean is down-hearted but not yet defeated. “Writers should be saying: ‘Oh look, there’s a hornets’ nest, let’s get a stick and poke it’,” he says. There are evidently some willing to poke those nests. A new musical opens this month at Theatr Clwyd in Mold, Wales, called The Assassination of Katie Hopkins, which posits the scenario that one of the country’s most divisive commentators has just been murdered for her outspoken views. “The last thing the show is doing is advocating the assassination of Katie Hopkins,” says its writer Chris Bush. “That would be ethically problematic and boring. It actually says something about the position she occupies that people have been quick to jump on this idea that the show must be saying her assassination would be a good thing. Not at all. Instead we wanted to challenge a liberal hypocrisy that exists among some on the left – who would absolutely abhor violence but would sort of make an exception for someone like Hopkins and get a bit giggly over it. The show looks at the ramifications and what happens to a society that already feels bitterly divided.” The Royal Court was the epicentre of the push to end stage censorship in the late Sixties. Yet the Court’s current artistic director Vicky Featherstone has recently been accused of it herself. Last year she cancelled a run of Andrea Dunbar’s Rita, Sue and Bob Too in the wake of allegations made about the production’s original co-director Max Stafford-Clark – before reinstating it following an outcry. More recently, concerns were raised that a play about life in Tibet – Pah-la by Abhishek Majumdar – had been pulled after British Council advice that it could hinder the theatre’s work in China. Featherstone however insists that Pah-la got postponed for practical reasons. As for Rita, Sue and Bob Too, she argues: “There were definitely some knee-jerk responses to us taking it off from people who never came to see it when it came back on. In the past they wouldn’t have had a public forum in which to express those views.” She won’t condemn those outlets for facilitating the expression of outrage, though. “I think it’s too easy to say we are more offended now. There was always an aspect of human nature that if we don’t like something, we will try to close it down. All that has changed is that we have different mechanisms.” Yet she and other theatres are determined to keep fighting. “If a writer has written something good, we want to put that on. The last thing we want to have in theatre is censorship by focus group.” LES MISERABLÉS Eves 7.30, Mats Wed & Sat 2.30 www.LesMis.com Sheila Hancock Bill Milner HAROLD AND MAUDE By Colin Higgins Directed by Thom Southerland CharingCrossTheatre.co.uk 08444-930650 Innocent, or guilty? It’s game on Theatre Quiz Noël Coward Theatre ★★★★★ By Dominic Cavendish J ames Graham is the brain-box playwright from Nottinghamshire whose plays seem to glide into the West End with the sort of mechanical ease that puts you in mind of factoryfloor conveyor belts. This House? Full house. Ink? Hold the front-page. Labour of Love? Much adored (newly Olivier-awarded). And now comes Quiz – which is just the biz, turning the curious 2001 “coughing Major” scandal on ITV’s Who Wants To Be a Millionaire? into a fun-filled anatomy of how hooked people can get on TV game-shows when the prize is right, and a perturbing allegory for how easily suckered we can be by barely perceptible forces of manipulation. I had a minor worry that I had been so seduced by Graham’s modesty, charm and industry during the show’s Chichester run last year that I had over-hyped the quality. But it earns its place at the Noël Coward, the script having been compacted so that it cuts more to the chase, while Daniel Evans’ deluxe production answers the requirements of a larger space so that even if you’re sitting up in the dresscircle you feel included, goaded, teased. We’re constantly reminded we’re in a theatre. Yet what with the roving crew, the distracting bustle and the large video screens showing live feeds, it’s as if we’ve entered a TV studio. Rewinding from the 2003 trial – which found Major Charles Ingram guilty “of procuring the execution of a valuable security by deception” – we’re given a potted history of light entertainment in general, the show in particular, and the way the Ingrams (Mr and Mrs) were determined to get on Millionaire, where, with the help of an accomplice, a life-changing win became life-ruining. The first half builds the case for the prosecution – and we share in the incredulity that crosses the furrowed brow of Keir Charles’ grimacing send-up of Chris Tarrant. Our adrenalin levels are pumped by showbizzy noise and fitful quiz-rounds of our own (there are gizmos to press). The second half, though, invites sympathy for Gavin Spokes’ blustering Major and Stephanie Street’s justtrying-to-help Diana Ingram as the hesitations and agonies of the quizrounds are replayed and the evidence tilts in flummoxing directions. We vote, twice; a question of justice becomes nail-biting entertainment and certainty flies out the window. Very neat. Very welcome. Until June 16. Tickets: 0844 482 5140; quiztheplay.com 30 Thursday 12 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph *** Court & Social Court Circular WINDSOR CASTLE April 11th The Commonwealth SecretaryGeneral (the Baroness Scotland of Asthal) was received by The Queen today. The Queen this evening gave a Reception at Windsor Castle for Her Majesty’s Ecclesiastical Household. CLARENCE HOUSE April 11th The Prince of Wales this morning arrived at Heathrow Airport, London, from Australia. Mr Scott Furssedonn-Wood, Mr Julian Payne and Miss Laura Sullivan were in attendance. KENSINGTON PALACE April 11th Prince Henry of Wales, Patron, Walking With The Wounded Walk of America, this morning attended a Reception at the Mandarin Oriental Hyde Park, 66 Knightsbridge, London SW1, and was received by Mr Justin Packshaw (Deputy Lieutenant of Greater London). BUCKINGHAM PALACE April 11th The Duke of York this morning attended a Reception given by the Chinese Ambassador (His Excellency Mr Liu Xiaoming) at One Great George Street, London SW1. His Royal Highness this afternoon received His Excellency Mr Antonio Costa (Prime Minister of the Portuguese Republic). BUCKINGHAM PALACE April 11th The Earl of Wessex, Vice Patron, Commonwealth Games Federation, today attended the XXI Commonwealth Games on the Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia. BUCKINGHAM PALACE April 11th The Princess Royal, Patron, Shipwrecked Fishermen and Mariners’ Royal Benevolent Society, this morning received Commodore Malcolm Williams, RN, upon relinquishing his appointment as Chief Executive and Captain Justin Ormond, RN, upon assuming the appointment. Her Royal Highness, Patron, Sense International, received Mr John Crabtree upon relinquishing his appointment as Chairman and Dr Justin Molloy upon assuming the appointment. The Princess Royal today presented The Princess Royal Award and the Royal Dairy Innovation Award for the Royal Association of British Dairy Farmers at Buckingham Palace. Her Royal Highness, Patron, English Rural Housing Association, this afternoon opened Mackmurdo Place Development, Wickham Bishops, Witham, and was received by Her Majesty’s Lord-Lieutenant of Essex (Mrs Jennifer Tolhurst). The Princess Royal, Prime Warden, the Fishmongers’ Company, accompanied by Vice Admiral Sir Tim Laurence, this evening attended a Livery Dinner at Fishmongers’ Hall, London Bridge, London EC4. KENSINGTON PALACE April 11th The Duke of Gloucester this morning unveiled the new Gates at St George’s Garrison Church, Woolwich, 5 Mill Lane, London SE18, and was received by Mr Pieter van de Merwe (Deputy Lieutenant of Greater London). His Royal Highness this afternoon visited St Peter’s Church, 103 Woolwich New Road, London SE18. The Duke of Gloucester, Royal Patron, Peace and Prosperity Trust, and The Duchess of Gloucester this evening attended the “Eastern Voices Western Echoes – Magic of the Music” Concert at Kensington Palace State Apartments, and His Royal Highness subsequently attended a Dinner. For more details about the Royal Family visit the Royal website at www.royal.uk Today’s birthdays Prof Bryan Magee, writer, is 88; Miss Montserrat Caballé, opera and concert singer, 85; Sir Alan Ayckbourn, playwright and director, 79; Mr Jacob Zuma, former President of South Africa, 76; Lord Robertson of Port Ellen, Secretary-General of Nato, 1999-2003, 72; Prof Sir Roy Anderson, Rector, Imperial College London, 2008-09; Chief Scientific Adviser to the Ministry of Defence, 2004-2008, 71; Mr Woody Johnson IV, US Ambassador to the UK, 71; Mr Jonathan Jagger, Surgeon-Oculist to the Queen, 67; Vice-Adml Sir Charles Montgomery, Second Sea Lord and C-in-C Naval Home Command, 2010-12, 63; Mr Charles Penney, Senior Partner, Addleshaw Goddard, 58; Mr Justice Cobb 56; Mr Mark Simmonds, former Conservative MP, 54; Mr Damian Hopley, former England rugby union player; Founder, Rugby Players’ Association, 48; and Ms Sara Head, table tennis player; Paralympic bronze medallist, team class 1-3, London 2012, 38. Today is the anniversary of the death of President Roosevelt in 1945. FIRST WORLD WAR Mr W.A.H. Pringle and Miss S. Brodie The engagement is announced between William, only son of Major General and Mrs Andrew Pringle, of Prospect Farm, Kington Magna, Dorset, and Siobhain, elder daughter of Dr and Mrs Colin Brodie, of Grove Lodge, Colchester, Essex. Online ref: 552071 Mr J.E. Pass and Miss O.L. Rawes The engagement is announced between Jack, son of Mr John Pass, of Bearley, Warwickshire, and Mrs Hilary Cload, of Warwick, and Olivia, daughter of Mr and Mrs Jonathan Rawes, of Putney, London. Online ref: 552066 Mr W.H. Butler and Miss K.J. Bath The engagement is announced between William, younger son of Malcolm and Caroline Butler, of Bosham, West Sussex, and Kathryn, only daughter of John and Amanda Bath, of Tickenham, north Somerset. Online ref: 552121 Glovers' Company Mr Alvan Seth-Smith, Master, Glovers' Company, was the host at a dinner held last night at Coopers' Hall for Past Masters of the Company. Legal news Ms Sarah Marjorie Ellington has been appointed a District Judge deployed to the South Eastern Circuit, based at the Court of Protection, with effect from May 8, 2018. Bridge news Cambridge has won the Portland Bowl, the Universities’ Bridge Championship, for the fifth consecutive time, writes Julian Pottage, Bridge Correspondent. In the final, the Cambridge ‘B’ team, Freddie Illingworth, Ryan Chan, Kripa Panchagnula and Jonathan Clark, beat the Oxford ‘A’ team of Ewa Wieczorek, Federico Lombardi, Peter Banks and Alex Roberts. In the semi-finals, Cambridge B had walked over Cambridge A, while Oxford A had beaten Warwick A. 18 teams had originally entered. LONDON, FRIDAY APRIL 12, 1918 STRUGGLE FOR MESSINES RIDGE. CAPTURED AND RETAKEN. DESPERATE CONFLICTS. From PHILIP GIBBS. WAR CORRESPONDENTS’ HEADQUARTERS, FRANCE, Thursday. Yesterday afternoon and to-day the enemy has exerted all his strength in men and guns in the battle now raging from the River Lys to Wytschaete, and our troops have been fighting without respite to hold him on our main defensive positions, and thrust him back from important ground by repeated counter-attacks. Once again our men are outnumbered, and it is only by the courage and stubborn will of battalions weakened by losses and of small parties holding out with grim valour, and of individual soldiers animating their comrades by acts of brave example, that the enemy has been unable to make rapid progress, and, as at Wytschaete and Messines and Steenwerck, has been flung back with most bloody losses. Our men have had to give ground along the Lys Canal south of Armentieres, blowing up bridges behind them and the railway bridge at Armentières, and the enemy is now trying to thrust forward south of Merville by bending back our line from Lestrem and getting his guns across the Lys. This he has been able to do in some places by temporary bridges, which we have shelled to pieces as he crossed, and under our fire his engineers ate trying to build a stronger bridge south-west of Erquinghem, where in happier days we had a Red Cross hospital. We have had to fall back from Armentières, holding the line from Nieppe to Steenwerck, and the city is now a kind of No Man’s Land between the lines. This morning ceaseless tumult of gunfire was loud and terrible over all this countryside, and there were strange and thrilling scenes on all roads leading to the battle zone, where our infantry and gunners were going forward to stem the tide, and masses of transport moved, and civilians passed them in the retreat to the villages outside the wide area of shell-range, and wounded men came staggering down afoot if they could walk or were brought down by ambulances threading their way through all this surge and swirl of war if they were badly hit. DEADLY BLOW AT ENEMY. No man who had any strength to walk would use an ambulance wanted for his weaker comrades, and I saw some little groups of English and Scottish soldiers with bandaged arms and heads standing about for rest on their way back chatting quietly to villagers, old women and girls, mixed up in the most tragic way with the scenes of war which have suddenly engulfed their homes as the tide beats closer. Here and there, stretcher-bearers waited with their burdens on the roadsides, among them men of the Black Watch, with the red hackle, in their bonnets, calm and grave like statues beside their wounded comrades lying there with white upturned faces and never a murmur or groan. They were the heroes who yesterday with gallant hearts came up at a great pace when the enemy was in Wytschaete and Messines, and in a fierce counter-attack drove him off the crest of the ridge and dealt him a deadly blow. There the enemy yesterday fell in great numbers, and his dead lie thick; and, though he came on in wave after wave after all his day’s agony and struggle, he has not gained a yard of the crest, but. is beaten back to the reverse side of the slope. I have already told how south of Armentières, between Neuve Chapelle and Fleurbaix, the centre of our line was pressed bask by hammer-blows against the Portuguese, but how Lancashire men of the 55th Division held firm on the right wing by Givenchy by attacks and counter-attacks, in which that patch of ruined earth changed hands several times. Yesterday and to-day the enemy has renewed his attacks there without success, and though those Lancashire lads have been hard pressed, they have never given up their position, and have killed uncountable numbers of German storm troops. They say that they have wiped out wave after wave and company after company, but always more men come as though with inexhaustible reserves. ARNOLDI.—Helmut Werner, passed away peacefully on the evening of 5th April in Epsom General Hospital, aged 88. Much loved husband of Sheila, he will be missed greatly also by Jonathan, Alison, Matthew, Kym, Sarah, Owen, Rosie, family, friends, former colleagues and many more. Helmut’s Funeral Service will take place at St Mary’s Church, Stoke Road, Stoke d’Abernon, near Cobham, KT11 3PX, on Thursday 26th April at 3 p.m. and afterwards at the Church Hall beside St Mary’s. Family ﬂowers only, donations to the British Heart Foundation, https://giftoope.bhf.org.uk/InMemory/Helmut-Werner-Arnoldi. Online ref: 552224 ARSCOTT.—Daphne BEM, passed away on 3rd April 2018, aged 92 years. Latterly WRVS Bristol District City Organiser and volunteer at Bristol Royal Inﬁrmary for many years. Funeral Service to be held at South Bristol Crematorium on Monday 30th April 2018 at 3 p.m. Flowers welcome or donations to Help for Heroes may be sent c/o Thomas Davis Funeral Directors, 3 Gateway House, Rodney Road, Backwell, Bristol BS48 3HL. Tel: 01275 400328. Online ref: 552242 BINGHAM.—Anthony Hugh "Tony", tragically played his last innings on March 11th in Tenterden. A devoted husband to Susie, loving Daddy to Polly, Edward and Sophie and Bampar to Jemima, Freddie, Lily and Eliza. A genial friend to many. Memorial Service on Friday April 27th at 2.30 p.m., St Mildred's Tenterden TN30 6AT. Bright colours please and no ﬂowers. Enquiries: T.W. Fuggle & Son, 01580 763340. See you in the Warner Stand darling. Online ref: 552192 BURGESS.—Henry Michael "Mike" passed away on Sunday 18th March 2018 aged 84, following sudden illness. Now re-united with his beloved wife Eva. Loving and wonderful father, brother, grandfather and great-grandfather. He will be greatly missed by us all. Online ref: A223313 BUTTERWORTH.—David Carroll, loving husband of Judith, passed away peacefully at his home in Cheshire on Tuesday 27th March 2018, aged 80 years. A loving father, grandfather and great grandfather. Donations and all enquiries regarding funeral arrangements to Dodgson’s Funeral Service, 25 Manchester Road, Knutsford, WA16 0LY. Tel: 01565 634251. Online ref: 552178 DENNISON.—Sheila Helen (née Collins) died peacefully at home on 26th March 2018, 3 days before her Diamond Wedding Anniversary. She was the beloved wife of Col W T (Danny) Dennison, the loving and devoted mother of 4 sons, grandmother of 7 grandsons and one granddaughter. She will be greatly missed. A private family funeral ceremony and celebration of her life was held at Riverstone Hall, Buckfastleigh on 5th April 2018. Online ref: A223385 EYRE.—John Jeremy Eyre on 24th March 2018, aged 83 years. Much loved husband of the late Rachel, father of Francis and Charles, and granddad of Emilia, Imogen, Ellida, Estella and Francesca. Service of Thanksgiving at St. Saviour’s Church, Oxton, Birkenhead, on Friday 20th April at 12 noon. No ﬂowers please. Donations if desired to The St John of Jerusalem Eye Hospital Group. Enquiries to Charles Stephens Funeral Directors. Tel: 0151 645 4396. Online ref: 552194 telegraph.co.uk/news/ww1-archive March weather The month began with an exceptionally cold easterly flow and widespread snow and daytime temperatures remained below freezing in many parts of the country. It turned milder from the south during the first week and until mid-March the weather was generally wet and cloudy for most, with low pressure dominant, but north-western areas remained drier. A second cold easterly outbreak brought widespread snow on the 17th and 18th, though this was not as severe as at the beginning of the REYNOLDS.—On 7th April 2018, at 2.30 a.m., to Claire and Guy, a daughter, Matilda (Milly) Rose Elizabeth, a sister for Alice. Online ref: A223412 month. After a brief dry sunny spell, the milder, unsettled regime returned for the rest of the month. The provisional UK mean temperature was 3.8 °C, which is 1.6 °C below the 1981 to 2010 long-term average, but it was significantly less cold than March 2013. Mean maximum temperatures were between 1.5 and 2.0 °C below average in most areas, while mean minimum temperatures were mostly between 1.0 and 1.5 °C below, nearer 2 °C below in Northern Ireland, however. Rainfall was 110pc of average and some places, notably Devon, the Midlands and some eastern coastal counties, had more than twice the normal amount. In contrast, Cumbria and western Scotland to the north of the Central Lowlands, were much drier than average. Sunshine was 83pc of average, with most of England, Wales and eastern Scotland being dull, but most areas bordering the Irish Sea had near average sunshine. The Western Isles had a sunny March. The UK monthly extremes were as follows: a maximum temperature of 16.6 °C was recorded at Colwyn Bay, Clwyd, on the 10th and a minimum temperature of -10.7 °C was recorded at Cawdor Castle, Nairnshire, on the 1st; in the 24 hours ending at 9 am on the 15th, 70.6 mm of rain fell at Trassey Slievenaman, County Down; wind gusts of 73 knots (84 mph) were recorded at Warcop, Cumbria, on the 2nd and 17th; and a snow depth of 57 cm was recorded at Little Rissington, Gloucestershire, on the 4th. FORSHEW.—(née Coker) Coral Barbara, passed away on 1st April 2018, aged 92 years, of Bude. All enquiries to The Arthur W. Bryant Funeral Service. Tel: 01288 352282. Online ref: 552146 GANDY.—Sheila Mary (née Norris) died March 21st 2018. A much loved aunt and friend. Funeral at Randalls Park Crematorium, Leatherhead on April 26th at 2 p.m. In lieu of ﬂowers donations can be made to The Princess Alice Hospice. Online ref: A223334 HAWKINS.—Susan (née Brook), passed away peacefully in Southampton General Hospital on 29th March. She will be sadly missed by beloved sons Thomas and Nicholas, and grandchildren George, Grace and Edward. There will be a private family cremation prior to a Thanksgiving Service at St Peter’s Church, Addingham at 11.30 a.m. on 23rd April 2018. Family ﬂowers only please, any donations to cancer and nursing home charities may be sent via H Eaton & Sons, Ashlands Rd, Ilkley LS29 8JT. Tel: 01943 607360. Online ref: 552210 HEAVEN.—Margaret (Peggy) née Loring, aged 97, peacefully at Albany House, Tisbury, on 5th April, 2018. Widow of her beloved Richard. Greatly loved by family and friends. Requiem Mass at Wardour Chapel, near Tisbury, SP3 6RH, Saturday 21st April at 10.30 a.m. Family ﬂowers only. Donations to Wardour Chapel Trust c/o Chris White Funeral Directors. Tel: 01722 568216. Online ref: 552083 HUMPHREY.—Kenneth (Ken), a wartime evacuee to South Africa, died peacefully on 6th April at home, aged 91. Beloved husband of Hilla (deceased) and father of Nigel and Linda and father-in-law of Barbara and Robin and step-grandfather to Joanne and Charlotte. Enquiries to Family Funeral Service. Tel: 01622 260210. Online ref: A223388 MARSH.—Richard Henry. Passed away peacefully on 2nd April 2018, at the Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, aged 75. Loving husband to Valerie, wonderful father to Jane and stepson Oliver. Funeral to take place on 20th April at 12 noon at St Andrew's Church, Holt, Norfolk and afterwards at the Blakeney Hotel. No ﬂowers please, but donations, if desired, with cheques made payable to Cancer Research UK, c/o Lloyd Durham Funeral Services, Avenue Road, High Kelling, NR25 6RD. Online ref: 552213 MARSHALL.—Dr Dorothy, on 8th April 2018 at Merse House, Kirkcudbright, formerly of Smith Street, Chelsea, London and latterly Kippford. Funeral Service will be held on Wednesday 18th April at Roucan Loch Crematorium, Dumfries at 10 a.m. Online ref: 552122 MAYNARD.—Pamela Mary died peacefully on 4th April 2018, aged 95. Much loved aunt, great aunt and cousin. A Service will be held at 1.30 p.m. on Thursday 3rd May at Cheltenham Crematorium, Bouncers Lane, Cheltenham GL52 5JT. No ﬂowers please but donations, if desired, to RNLI c/o W F Trenhaile Funeral Directors at Apostle House, London Road, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire GL52 6HN. Tel: 01242 224897. Online ref: 552179 MEES.—Natalie Eileen (née Balck-Foote) died peacefully 25th March 2018 aged 89. Beloved sister and aunt. Funeral at St Mary's, Selborne on 17th April 11 a.m. Family ﬂowers only. Online ref: 552219 MICHAEL.—Mary Ann Phyllis (née Sadler) on 29th March 2018. Beloved wife of William, mother and grandmother. Funeral to be held at St Mark’s Church, Bromley, on Tuesday 8th May at 11.45 a.m. Family ﬂowers only. Donations, if desired, to St Christopher’s Hospice. Enquiries to Copelands, Beckenham. Tel: 020 8650 2295. Online ref: A35803 NEMETH.—Cyril MBE died peacefully, aged 90, on 10th April 2018. Doctor and former Lord Mayor of Westminster, much loved by his wife Lucille of almost 66 years, his brother Gerry and his children Richard and the late Gillian. He will be greatly missed by his family, friends, colleagues and patients all over the world. Funeral will be at Bushey cemetery, Hertfordshire, on 12th April 2018. No ﬂowers please. Online ref: A223410 NICHOLSON.—Margot Rose Marie. Sadly passed away on Wednesday 4th April, aged 92. For funeral details please contact Stoneman Funeral Service, 01737 814406 Online ref: A223384 ROBERTS.—Nicholas Llewellyn, late of Hartford Cambs, died peacefully on March 24th in Sheﬃeld. Devoted husband to the late Pauline, beloved stepfather, grandfather and brother. Funeral Service at The West Chapel, Cambridge Crematorium on April 18th at 1.30 p.m. Family ﬂowers only or kind donations to Macmillan Cancer Support c/o William Peacock's, Huntingdon. Online ref: A223414 ROUGHTON.—Greta died peacefully on 29th March 2018. Beloved wife of Jack (d. 2001), loving mother of Andrew, Simon and Julia, mother-in-law of Jules, Rosie and Chris and much loved grandmother to William, Paul, Rachel, Edward, Emily, James, Anna and Mark. Funeral Service at Alford Crematorium on Friday 27th April at 12 noon. Donations may be sent to Marie Curie c/o Lincolnshire Co-operative Funeral Service, Trusthorpe Road, Sutton on Sea, LN12 2LL. Tel: 01507 441271. Online ref: 552126 WEDDLE.—On 2nd April 2018, Ian, retired Wing Commander of Helpringham, Lincs. Private cremation. All enquiries to J.E. Severs Funeral Service, 26 Main Road, Little Hale, Sleaford, Lincs. Tel: 01529 460339. Online ref: 552215 YOUNG.—John Munroe. Passed away peacefully in Chichester, on 23rd March aged 87 years. He will be sadly missed by all of his family and friends. A Celebration of his life will be held at Chichester Crematorium on Friday 20th April at 4.15 p.m. Family ﬂowers only please, but donations, if desired, to Cancer Research UK, IFAW, or RSPB may be sent c/o Reynolds Funeral Service, 43 Spitalﬁeld Lane, Chichester PO19 6SG. Online ref: 552145 I HAVE learned, in whatsoever state I am, therewith to be content. I know both how to be abased, and I know how to abound: everywhere and in all things I am instructed both to be full and to be hungry, both to abound and to suﬀer need. I can do all things through Christ which strengtheneth me. Philippians 4.11-13 HONEY-BEE CREWE-READ is twenty one today. Greatly adored and loved daughter of David and Emma, big sister to Sacha and Charlie. Online ref: 552089 APPOINTMENT NOREG LTD. (In Voluntary Liquidation) Company Number: 285762 NOTICE is hereby given pursuant to Section 204(1)(a)(i) of the BVI Business Companies Act, 2004 that the Company is in voluntary liquidation. The voluntary liquidation commenced on 27th March 2018. The Liquidator is Kerry Graziola of Harneys Corporate Services Limited, Craigmuir Chambers, PO Box 71, Road Town, Tortola, British Virgin Islands. Dated 27th March 2018. Sgd. Kerry Graziola, Liquidator. The Daily Telegraph Thursday 12 April 2018 *** 31 Obituaries Peter Munk Johan van Hulst Entrepreneur with a liking for fedora hats who built the world’s largest gold mining company VINCE TALOTTA/TORONTO STAR VIA GETTY IMAGES P ETER MUNK, who has died aged 90, was a Hungarianborn immigrant to Canada who built the world’s largest gold mining company. Barrick Gold, now valued at more than 27 billion Canadian dollars (£17 billion), had its origins in a small gold mine in Ontario that was acquired by Munk and his associates in 1983, after they had previously ventured with mixed success in consumer electronics, resort hotels and oil and gas. Barrick’s prospects were transformed in 1986 when Munk bought Goldstrike, a Nevada mine with estimated reserves of 600,000 ounces of gold that subsequently turned out to be more than 20 million ounces. The company expanded over the subsequent decades with audacious investments in Africa, Australasia and Saudi Arabia as well as in North and South America. Munk, a sophisticated financier rather than a hands-on mine manager, recognised the importance of building a strong technical team around him, valuing the expertise that came with the acquisitions as much as the precious metal in the ground. Not all Barrick’s developments were winners, and the company faced criticism for the conditions in some of its mines, but the C$10 billion takeover of the Canadian group Placer Dome in 2006 made Barrick the industry’s global leader. Munk finally retired in 2014, remaining chairman emeritus. Peter Meir Abraham Munk was born into a wealthy Budapest family on November 8 1927. After the Nazi invasion of Hungary in 1944, he and other family members left for Switzerland on the “Kastner train”, in a Munk: he became a billionaire after several false starts “blood for goods” exchange negotiated with Adolf Eichman that enabled more than 1,600 Jews to escape. Munk’s mother, who had separated from his father, was not on the train and was sent to Auschwitz – but survived, and was credited with persuading her son to join an uncle in Canada after the war. Peter arrived in Toronto in 1948 to study electrical engineering, “not speaking the language and not knowing a dog”. For the rest of his life he expressed deep gratitude to a country “that does not ask your origins, it only concerns itself with your destiny”. As an undergraduate he started a small business employing fellow students to sell Christmas trees outside Toronto supermarkets. In 1958, with C$3,000 from his father-in-law, he co-founded Clairtone, a manufacturer of stereo systems and later televisions. The contemporary designs of Clairtone’s cabinets won celebrity endorsement from the likes of Frank Sinatra and Oscar Peterson, but over-expansion brought the company to its knees in 1971 in an affair that left large debts owed to the Nova Scotia provincial government. Munk and his business partner David Gilmour decided to rebuild their fortunes outside Canada – by buying shoreline property in Fiji and going on to develop a chain of resort hotel investments in Australia and the South Pacific. A decade later the business was sold for $128 million. They returned to Canada in 1979 to try their hand in oil and gas and to launch a successful US property company, Trizec. But memories of Clairtone lingered among Toronto’s financial establishment, where in Munk’s own account he and Gilmour were regarded as “fugitives and losers”. Noted for his signature fedora hats, Munk was courteous in style but steely in his determination to win over detractors and build a world-class Canadian business. His daughter Nina wrote of him: “The more impossible the situation, the more single-minded he becomes.” The opportunities his adopted country had given him were repaid through philanthropy, which he also saw as a matter of duty: “You are entitled to the joy of this creation [of wealth]. But ultimately society makes it possible, and this wealth should flow back to society.” Donations of more than C$300 million included C$47 million to his alma mater, the University of Toronto, to found the Munk School of Global Affairs, and more than C$175 million to Toronto General Hospital, most recently to fund a cardiac centre; Munk himself wore a pacemaker and had heart problems. Munk’s later private ventures included the development of a super-yacht marina at Tivat, a former Soviet naval base in Montenegro, where his co-investors were said to include the Rothschild family and the Russian oligarch Oleg Deripaska. A skier into his eighties, Munk kept a chalet at Klosters as well as homes in Ontario and Paris and a 141ft motor yacht, Golden Eagle. In 2008 he was appointed Companion of the Order of Canada, the country’s highest civilian honour. Peter Munk married first, in 1956, Linda Gutterson; the marriage was dissolved and he married secondly, in 1973, Melanie Bosanquet, who survives him with their two children, and three children of his first marriage. Peter Munk, born November 8 1927, died March 28 2018 Lieutenant-Colonel Ian Hywel-Jones Officer who was awarded the Military Cross after taking part in an unusual ambush in Malaya L IEUTENANT-COLONEL IAN HYWEL-JONES, who has died aged 85, was awarded an MC in Malaya in 1956; he subsequently worked for the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. In 1955 Hywel-Jones, serving with 1st Battalion The South Wales Borderers (1 SWB), was posted to Malaya during the Emergency as the battalion’s intelligence officer. In the operations room, he and his staff, surrounded by large maps and aerial photographs, logged every scrap of information about the communist terrorists in the area. In December, 1 SWB moved to Kluang where Hywel-Jones built up a thorough knowledge of the terrain and habits of the terrorists. Most of the fighting in the jungles was undertaken by small patrols. Taking only one or two men, usually at night, he brought back important information on which battalion plans could be based and sought every opportunity to join ambush and assault parties. The terrorists, who had been living for years as hunted animals, had acquired an instinct for danger and lightning-fast reactions and Hywel-Jones had to match them. In June 1956 he was one of a party of eight who took part in a rather unusual ambush operation. In the preparations, nothing could be left to chance. Every inch of exposed skin had to be smeared with black grease paint. Hair cream had to be washed off because the terrorists had a very keen sense of smell. Anything that could possibly rattle – rifle sling swivels or metal buckles – was secured with adhesive tape. Watches, which could glint in the sun, were kept hidden. The problem was to arrive at the ambush position undetected. To go by truck was to risk word getting out that an operation was in progress. To walk, even by night, ran the danger that footprints would be spotted in the morning and the terrorists warned. Shortly after midnight, the party concealed themselves in an armoured Hywel-Jones, right, gives a briefing in the battalion operations room in Belfast, 1973 wagon that was used to run ahead of passenger trains to alert the driver of attempts to sabotage the railway. They rattled along the line in this trolley and, at a secluded spot, the driver slowed to allow the ambush party to jump out, slide down the embankment and wait in the shadows for the following passenger train to pass. It was 3am when they set off in single file, the last man walking backwards and brushing away every trace of their footprints. Silent and motionless, they lay up in a thick clump of bushes close to the track. The position had been selected by an informer who was to lead the terrorists into the trap and who was relying on a strip of cloth around his neck, almost indistinguishable from his skin, to avoid being shot himself. At 9am four figures came down the track. They all wore khaki drill with a red star in their peaked caps. One was killed while another was wounded but escaped with a comrade. The informer should have been in the lead but was out of position and was shot in the legs by mistake. Rather incongruously, he ended up in a hospital bed next to one of the ambush party who had also been wounded. Hywel-Jones was recommended for his Military Cross by LieutenantColonel Richard Miers, his CO, who paid tribute to the young officer’s outstanding initiative, skill and steady courage during 18 months of a most demanding campaign. Robert Ian Hywel-Jones was born on June 4 1932 at Colwyn Bay, North Wales. His father was a manager of the Midland Bank, Leominster. Young Ian attended Birkenhead School before being called up for National Service. He completed his basic training with the Royal Welch Fusiliers at Wrexham and, after attending RMA Sandhurst, in 1952 he was commissioned into 1 SWB. Three years of regimental soldiering included an appointment as ADC to the Commandant of the British Sector in Berlin. After operations in Malaya, Hywel-Jones returned with the battalion to England and was posted to HQ 44th Parachute Brigade, based in the Duke of York’s Barracks, Chelsea. Following a three-month attachment to “D” Squadron 22nd SAS Regiment in Oman, he returned to 1 SWB at Minden, BAOR. In 1964 he moved to the HQ Federal Regular Army in Aden. This operational tour was followed by two years in Cardiff as training major to the Welsh Volunteers. The posting coincided with the merger of the regular soldiers of SWB and the Welch Regiment to form The Royal Regiment of Wales (RRW). In August 1969, when 1 RRW moved to Belfast on internal security duties, Hywel-Jones was appointed the battalion’s community relations officer. This was only a two-month tour and, on their posting to Osnabrück, BAOR, he was sent to the Abu Dhabi Defence Force as training officer. A spell as second-in-command of 1 RRW in BAOR was interrupted by tours in Northern Ireland in 1972 and 1973. During these he played an important role running the battalion’s operations control room. After a staff appointment at the MoD, Stanmore, he moved to Tehran as assistant defence attaché in the British Embassy. In 1979 the Embassy was forced to close and Hywel-Jones and his wife were evacuated. But he returned to the Middle East as defence attaché at the British Consulate in Jeddah. This was his final posting and he retired from the Army in September 1983. Hywel-Jones and his wife moved to Fulham, west London, and he took a civilian job with the Foreign Office. He was responsible for the welfare of British Army officers and their families posted to British embassies around the world. He retired for the second time in 1996 and the following year was appointed MBE. Then, sponsored by the Victoria Cross and George Cross Association, he embarked on the compilation of a register of biographical details of those awarded Britain’s two highest awards for gallantry. It was a considerable undertaking requiring meticulous accuracy and, after more than 12 years of work, The Victoria Cross and the George Cross, containing some 1,500 entries of recipients, was published in November 2013 in three volumes. Music was always an important part of Hywel-Jones’s life, and while at the FCO he joined the Treasury Singers, comprising members of the Treasury, Foreign Office and Cabinet Office. Ian Hywel-Jones married, in 1965, Merilyn Booker, whom he had met in Berlin. She predeceased him. There were no children. Lt-Col Ian Hywel-Jones, born June 4 1932, died January 12 2018 Baroness Farrington of Ribbleton Former local councillor who became a respected government whip in the Lords under Blair and Brown B ARONESS FARRINGTON OF RIBBLETON, who has died aged 77, chaired Lancashire education committee for a decade, then was a government whip in the Lords throughout the 13 years of the Blair-Brown government. Labour – and Lancashire – to her fingertips, Josie Farrington chaired her council and the Association of County Councils (ACC), was active in the Council of Europe and the EU Committee of the Regions, being named UK European Woman of the Year in 1974. But she made her mark in the Lords as arguably the most effective of the Labour whips, and for her down-to-earth contributions to debate. In July 2015 she convulsed the House when, during a debate on the pet passport scheme, she recalled what had happened when the family’s tame ferret got up the trouser leg of one of her sons. “She did enjoy trouser legs, and it’s very important for people to take care,” she concluded. Lady Farrington made a highly Lady Farrington: she had their lordships and ladyships in stitches with a story about her family’s tame ferret practical point when, in 2013, peers discussed the fallout from Clause 28, which had formerly outlawed the propagation of homosexuality in schools. She recalled that when the head of a Lancashire school asked the children to draw a Christmas morning scene, one produced a picture of herself tucked up with her “two mummies”. “We have to stop preventing teachers teaching children about the world in which they are growing up.” she said. “I may not like particular aspects of life. I am not awfully fond of rap, but that is an age thing, not an artistic judgment.” Born Josephine Cayless on June 29 1940, she was elected to Preston borough council in 1973, and to Lancashire county council in 1976, chairing its education committee from 1981 and the council itself in 1992. In 1987 she crossed swords with Kenneth Baker, the Conservative Education Secretary, insisting that northern schools were receiving less than their fair share of capital funding despite his denials. From 1987 to 1994 she led the Labour group on the ACC, chairing that body from 1994 to 1996 when Labour held the majority of the English counties. From 1981 to 1994 she served on the Council of Europe’s standing conference of local authorities, for the final five years chairing its committee for education, training and the regions. From 1994 she held a similar post on the Committee of the Regions. She was also an international observer at elections in Albania, Poland and Ukraine. Josie Farrington twice fought unwinnable seats for Labour: West Lancashire at the 1983 general election, when she came 6,858 votes behind the Conservatives’ Ken Hind, and Ribble Valley in a 1991 by-election, coming third when the Conservatives lost a safe seat to Michael Carr of the Liberal Democrats. She was created a life peer – Baroness Farrington of Ribbleton – in 1994, and after Labour’s victory in 1997 was appointed a Baroness in Waiting, or government whip. In this capacity she spoke for the government on the environment, rural affairs and Northern Ireland. Josephine Cayless married Michael Farrington in 1960. He survives her, with their three sons. Baroness Farrington of Ribbleton, born June 29 1940, died March 30 2018 Dutch teacher who saved 600 Jewish children from the Nazis J OHAN VAN HULST, who has died aged 107, was a Dutchman credited with saving up to 600 Jewish children from being sent to Nazi concentration camps during a daring rescue operation in the spring and summer of 1943 while his country was occupied by German forces. The previous year he had been appointed principal of a Protestant teacher training college in Amsterdam, next door to the Hollandsche Schouwburg, a former theatre where Jews issued with deportation notices were ordered to assemble. There, children aged from a few months up to the age of 12 were separated from their families and sent to a creche that shared a hedge with Van Hulst’s college. Approached by Henriëtte Pimentel, the creche director, van Hulst arranged for many of the children simply to be passed though the hedge and then concealed in a classroom. Some parents were doubtful about having their children taken away in this manner, but others were convinced that it remained the only hope for their offspring. Walter Süskind, a German refugee who ran the theatre, was able to arrange for the children’s names to disappear from the Nazis’ lists. Several methods were used to smuggle them on to safe houses: some were hidden in laundry baskets; others were ridden out on bicycles by trainee teachers acting as if the child were their own; at times a passing tram momentarily blocked the view of the Nazi guards as the children were whisked away. Speaking just before his 100th birthday, van Hulst explained that, despite its proximity to the deportation centre, the Germans paid little attention to his college. “Probably because I deliberately acted like I didn’t want anything to do with the Hollandsche Schouwburg and the Jews,” he said. On one occasion an official from the Education Ministry visited. Finding several children in the college he asked if they were Jewish. Van Hulst recalled that after a long silence he replied: “You don’t really expect me to answer that, do you?” To his relief, the inspector did nothing. Van Hulst’s operation ended on September 23 1943 when Henriëtte Pimentel and 100 remaining children Van Hulst: ‘I took 12 children. Later I asked, why not 13?’ were deported to concentration camps. Knowing that the nursery was about to be closed, van Hulst had fled with as many children as possible. Choosing who would accompany him was a decision that haunted him for the rest of his life. “You know for a fact that the children you leave behind are going to die,” he said. “I took 12 with me. Later on, I asked myself, why not 13?” Johan Wilhelm van Hulst was born on January 28 1911, the son of a furniture upholsterer, and studied psychology and pedagogy at Vrije University in Amsterdam. He started lecturing at the training college in 1938, soon becoming deputy principal. When funding cuts threatened the college’s future he raised the money to enable it to continue, as a result of which in 1942 he became principal. After the war he also went into politics, serving in the Dutch Senate from 1956 to 1981 and as an MEP from 1961 to 1968. In 1972 he was named one of the Righteous Among the Nations by Yad Vashem, the Holocaust remembrance centre in Israel. The site of his former teacher training college is now the Dutch National Holocaust Museum. Van Hulst was an accomplished chess player. During the 1930s he chaired a chess club in Amsterdam that included members of the Jewish community; eventually they had to meet and play at their homes in secret. At the age of 99 he won a tournament for former Dutch parliamentarians. Johan van Hulst’s wife, Anna Janette Donker, died in 2006. He is survived by their two daughters. Johan van Hulst, born January 28 1911, died March 22 2018 32 Thursday 12 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph *** Television & radio Last night on television Michael Hogan This drama is all blinged up with nowhere to go ‘I Cunanan, taking in the ocean view from a vast glass balcony. “Who?” asked Blachford. “Everyone,” came Cunanan’s chilling reply. Written by British export Tom Rob Smith, this was a souped-up soap opera, dripping in gaudy bling and unfolding in designer beige interiors. All gilt mirrors, baroque chairs and creamy soft furnishings, it’s styled like a luxury hotel lobby and rollicks along like an afternoon true-crime movie, albeit a wellappointed one. You half-expect Columbo, Murder She Wrote’s Jessica Fletcher or Hart to Hart’s millionaire spouses to turn up and solve the impending murder. There are two episodes of the nine-part series still to come, but thus far a convoluted flashback structure has prevented it from hitting the heights of its predecessor, The People vs OJ Simpson. While the time-hopping approach might fill in the background and motivation, it hardly adds much in the way of forward momentum. The hypnotic horror we saw earlier in the series – episodes three to five were masterful, the next two less so – has given way to middling drama. As a guilty pleasure, though, it’s grim, fascinating and just gripping enough. help ponderous films gain a stronger focus. That was certainly required with Bacchus Uncovered: Ancient God of Ecstasy (BBC Four). Bacchus, whose Greek name was Dionysus, was a deity with a wide portfolio. He was the god of the grape harvest, wine-making and wine, revelry and release, ritual madness, fertility, theatre and religious ecstasy. To tell his sprawling story, Professor Bettany Hughes jetted to Georgia, Jordan and Greece to investigate his mythic origins and relevance to the modern world. Bacchus has been a symbol of excess ever since Roman maidens fled to the woods and drank wine in his name. Bottoms up, Bacchus, old boy. Classicist Hughes – an alumnus of the Victoria Coren Mitchell school of knowing smirks and eyebrow waggling for emphasis – traced the Bacchic cult through history, arguing that booze-fuelled chaos has been as important to civilisation as reason and restraint. Bacchus’s qualities, she claimed, are just as important today as they were 2,500 years ago, with his presence living on in Sixties counter-culture, on the streets of Soho, in the philosophy of Nietzsche, and even in the transgender rights movement. Her thesis seemed a stretch at times, connecting disparate dots in its eagerness to construct an over-arching theory. Different cultures enjoy wine binges because, well, they’re fun – it doesn’t mean they’re paying homage to Bacchus. Too many of Hughes’s sentences began with “For me…” or “It seems to me…”, – a sign, perhaps, that even she didn’t have full confidence in her premise. This wasn’t the most visually arresting subject, either, with static cameras forced to linger on statues and antiquities. Hughes attempted to add momentum by striding around temples in a selection of flowing pink scarves, but it was in vain. Given that Bacchus was a god obsessed with the good times, this film was distinctly lacking in them. B The Assassination of Gianni Versace: American Crime Story ★★★ Uncovered: Ancient God of Ecstasy ★★ Stylish: Édgar Ramírez and Penélope Cruz in ‘The Assassination of Gianni Versace’ believe that for a woman, a dress is a weapon to get what she wants.” So declared Donatella Versace with a power-pout and a toss of her peroxide mane. Sadly, it wasn’t sartorial weapons she needed. Last night, we reached the seventh episode of the high-camp docudrama The Assassination of Gianni Versace: American Crime Story (BBC Two), which continues to chart the events that led to the 1997 shooting of Italian designer Gianni Versace (Édgar Ramírez) on the doorstep of his Miami mansion. In 1992, Versace was diagnosed with a rare form of ear cancer, forcing younger sister Donatella (Penélope Cruz) to take the fashion house’s reins. Almost literally so – a leather-strapped bondage dress became the siblings’ first collaboration. Meanwhile in San Diego, delusional sociopath and budding serial killer Andrew Cunanan (creepy Darren Criss, who, along with Cruz, is the star of this show) conned his way into a lavish new life by targeting wealthy older men. The first of his targets, architect Lincoln Aston (Todd Waring), ended up savagely beaten to death – a shock scene of gore amid the gloss. The second, silver fox businessman Norman Blachford (Michael Nouri), allowed Cunanan to move into his minimalist mansion. “Oh, if only they could see me now,” murmured BC Four just loves a documentary with a colon plonked in the middle of its title. One wonders if snappier titles might What to watch Civilisations Living with the Brainy Bunch BBC TWO, 9.00PM The modern age draws closer, as Simon Schama tackles the theme of radiance, guiding us through Gothic cathedrals, Baroque Venetian masterpieces and Japanese woodblock prints. GT BBC TWO, 8.00PM PR-conscious Ash Ali is headmaster of Chessington Community College, a fast-improving school with a few problem pupils. Among them are Jack and Hollie who, on the surface, are comically awful teenagers. Hollie gripes constantly, throws strops and storms out of classrooms if things aren’t going her way. Jack is sullen, lazy and has clocked up 15 suspensions in the past year. It will come as no surprise to regular viewers of such documentaries that their behaviour is rooted in low self-esteem, though their parents unquestionably indulge their foibles. Ali’s novel solution is to place Hollie with Holly, tapdancing head girl and gregarious boffin, and Jack with Tharush, a Sri Lankan immigrant by way of Italy, whose talents are only matched by his work ethic. Now that Jack and Hollie are in the bosom of new families for six weeks, it’s hoped that a new environment, greater discipline and rigid routines will see their results improve and attitudes pick up. There are setbacks on the largely The Investigator: A British Crime Story ITV, 9.00PM The second real-life case of the series sees Mark Williams-Thomas investigating the 1977 murders of three women in Glasgow. The suspect is Angus Sinclair, who is currently serving a life sentence for killing two other women that same year. We hear from his ex-wife, and learn how he was a prime suspect but escaped charges for the first killings when key evidence went missing. GT Indian Summer School CHANNEL 4, 9.00PM This diverting Changing attitudes: Holly, Holly’s mother, and Hollie familiar narrative trajectory, but it’s cast to perfection and, as a demonstration of the sitcom bows out in triumph with a well-wrought farce involving a Hollywood stuntman, a disastrous driving lesson and romance for the widowed Isa (Jane McCarry). GT Comedy Urban Myths: Marilyn Monroe and Billy Wilder SKY ARTS, 9.00PM Sky Arts’ boldly cast series of vaguely apocryphal tales from the pop-culture frontlines returns with a dispatch from the set of Some Like It Hot, the magnificent 1959 comedy that is almost certainly more fun to watch than it was to make. In this minor but entertaining reimagining, Tony Curtis (Alex Pettyfer) is threatening to cuckold Arthur Miller (Dougray Scott) by making off with Marilyn Monroe (Gemma Arterton), whose caprice, drinking and sensitivity is importance of parenting in academic achievement, the experiment gets an A-star. Gabriel Tate Documentary War Above the Trenches YESTERDAY, 8.00PM Urban Myths: Pettyfer and Scott driving director Billy Wilder (James Purefoy) to distraction. GT Still Game BBC ONE, 9.30PM; BBC TWO WALES, 10.00PM Justifying its prime-time BBC One slot, the Scottish This decent two-parter tells the story of the Royal Flying Corps and their battle to win control of the air in the First World War. Based on Peter Hart’s book Bloody April, it draws affectingly on the testimony of veterans to show there was more to the Western Front than trench warfare. GT War Above the Trenches documentary series concludes with a Himalayan trek, a controversial article in the school newspaper and the GCSE retakes that were the goal of the entire enterprise. Will Alfie, Harry, Jack and co see their grades improve? GT Sport European Tour Golf: The Open de Espana SKY SPORTS GOLF, 11.00AM The opening day’s play of the event from the Centro Nacional de Golf in Madrid. GT Radio choice Charlotte Runcie Cold Art RADIO 4, 11.30AM With Russian spies and mysterious diplomatic goings-on once again in the news, it’s sometimes hard to believe the Cold War ever ended. This programme about artists inspired by its events first time around is presented by artist Louise K Wilson, and looks at new work being made based on recollections of a war that was ever-present and ever-threatening, but never boiled over. She meets Stephen Felmingham and Kathrine Sandys and hears about their work based on memories of military bases, covert activity and imagined violence. Radio 1 FM 97.6-99.8MHz 6.30 am The Radio 1 Breakfast Show with Nick Grimshaw 10.00 Clara Amfo 12.45 pm Newsbeat 1.00 Scott Mills 4.00 Greg James 5.45 Newsbeat 6.00 Greg James 7.00 Annie Mac 9.00 The 8th with Charlie Sloth 11.00 BBC Radio 1’s Residency – Black Madonna 12.00 Radio 1’s Residency – Bradley zero 1.00 am Toddla T 3.00 Radio 1 Comedy – Ray Moss No Stone Unturned 4.00 - 6.30am Radio 1’s Early Breakfast Show with Adele Roberts Radio 2 FM 88-90.2MHz 6.30 9.30 12.00 2.00 5.00 7.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 am Fearne Cotton Trevor Nelson Jeremy Vine pm Steve Wright in the Afternoon Simon Mayo Bob Harris Country Jo Whiley The Radio 2 Arts Show with Anneka Rice The Craig Charles House Party am Radio 2’s Tracks of My Years Playlist Radio 2 Playlist: Have A Great Weekend Radio 2 Playlist: Feelgood Friday - 6.30am Vanessa Feltz Radio 3 FM 90.2-92.4MHz 6.30 am Breakfast 9.00 Essential Classics 12.00 Composer of the Week: Pachelbel 1.00 pm News 1.02 Radio 3 Lunchtime Concert. Sarah Walker introduces 2.00 4.30 5.00 7.00 7.30 10.00 10.45 11.00 12.30 highlights from the Norfolk and Norwich Chamber Music series, featuring Quatuor Ebene performing works by Beethoven and Dutilleux Afternoon Concert BBC Young Musician 2018 In Tune In Tune Mixtape Radio 3 in Concert Free Thinking The Essay: One Bar Electric Memoir Late Junction - 6.30am Through the Night Radio 4 FM 92.4-94.6MHz; LW 198KHz 6.00 am Today 9.00 In Our Time 9.45 FM: Book of the Week: Packing My Library 9.45 LW: Daily Service 10.00 Woman’s Hour 11.00 Crossing Continents 11.30 ◆ Cold Art. See Radio choice 12.00 News 12.01 pm LW: Shipping Forecast 12.04 Home Front 12.15 You and Yours 12.57 Weather 1.00 The World at One 1.45 Chinese Characters 2.00 The Archers 2.15 Drama: How We’re Loved 3.00 Open Country 3.27 Radio 4 Appeal 3.30 Open Book 4.00 The Film Programme 4.30 BBC Inside Science 5.00 PM 5.54 LW: Shipping Forecast 5.57 Weather 6.00 Six O’Clock News 6.30 The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy: Hexagonal Phase 7.00 The Archers 7.15 Front Row 7.45 How Does That Make You Feel? 8.00 The Briefing Room 8.30 In Business The Food Chain WORLD SERVICE, 11.30AM Anyone who has ever tried to coax a child into finishing their dinner will identify with this episode of The Food Chain, which asks why some children are fussy eaters, and why pickiness about food can persist well into adulthood. 9.00 9.30 10.00 10.45 11.00 11.30 12.00 12.30 12.48 1.00 5.20 5.30 5.43 5.45 5.58 BBC Inside Science In Our Time The World Tonight Book at Bedtime: Rabbit Is Rich Beef and Dairy Network The Digital Human News and Weather am Packing My Library Shipping Forecast As World Service Shipping Forecast News Briefing Prayer for the Day Farming Today - 6.00am Tweet of the Day Radio 5 Live MW 693 & 909KHz 6.00 am 5 Live Breakfast 10.00 The Emma Barnett Show with Clare McDonnell 1.00 pm Afternoon Edition 4.00 5 Live Drive 7.00 5 Live Sport 8.00 5 Live Sport: Commonwealth Games 2018 9.30 5 Live Formula 1 10.00 Question Time Extra Time 1.00 am Up All Night 5.00 Morning Reports 5.15 - 6.00am Wake Up to Money Classic FM FM 99.9-101.9MHz 6.00 9.00 1.00 5.00 7.00 8.00 am More Music Breakfast Nicholas Owen pm Anne-Marie Minhall Classic FM Drive Smooth Classics at Seven The Full Works Concert. Catherine Bott continues the celebration of the Philharmonia Orchestra 10.00 Smooth Classics 1.00 - 6.00am Jane Jones World Service DIGITAL ONLY 6.00am Newsday 8.06 The Inquiry 8.30 Business Daily 8.50 Witness 9.00 News 9.06 The Thought Show 10.00 Is it down to genetics, psychology, sociology or all three? Are French families really much better at it than us? The problem is explored through visits to workshops for parents of fussy eaters, and discussion of how genes and poor economic backgrounds might be contributing. World Update 11.00 The Newsroom 11.30 ◆ The Food Chain. See Radio choice 12.00 News 12.06pm Outlook 1.00 The Newsroom 1.30 Assignment 2.00 Newshour 3.00 News 3.06 The Inquiry 3.30 World Business Report 4.00 BBC OS 6.00 News 6.06 Outlook 7.00 The Newsroom 7.30 Sport Today 8.00 News 8.06 The Inquiry 8.30 Science in Action 9.00 Newshour 10.00 News 10.06 Assignment 10.30 The Food Chain 11.00 News 11.06 The Newsroom 11.20 Sports News 11.30 World Business Report 12.06am The Thought Show 1.00 News 1.06 Business Matters 2.00 News 2.06 The Newsroom 2.30 Assignment 3.00 News 3.06 Newsday 3.30 World Football 4.00 News 4.06 Newsday 5.00 News 5.06 The Newsroom 5.30 6.00am Science in Action Radio 4 Extra DIGITAL ONLY 6.00am White Heat 6.30 Old Photographs Fever – The Search for China’s Pictured Past 7.00 North by Northamptonshire 7.30 The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy: Hexagonal Phase 8.00 Marriage Lines 8.30 The Goon Show 9.00 Listomania 9.30 HR 10.00 Jude the Obscure 11.00 Missing 11.15 The Man on the Green Bicycle 12.00 Marriage Lines 12.30pm The Goon Show 1.00 White Heat 1.30 Old Photographs Fever – The Search for China’s Pictured Past 2.00 The Essex Serpent 2.15 Disability: A New History 2.30 Tristram Shandy 2.45 On Her Majesty’s Secret Service 3.00 Jude the Obscure 4.00 Listomania 4.30 HR 5.00 North by Northamptonshire 5.30 The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy: Hexagonal Phase 6.00 The Scarifyers: The King of Winter 6.30 Great Lives 7.00 Marriage Lines 7.30 The Goon Show 8.00 White Heat 8.30 Old Photographs Fever – The Search for China’s Pictured Past 9.00 Missing 9.15 The Man on the Green Bicycle 10.00 Comedy Club 12.00 The Scarifyers: The King of Winter 12.30am Great Lives 1.00 White Heat 1.30 Old Photographs Fever – The Search for China’s Pictured Past 2.00 The Essex Serpent 2.15 Disability: A New History 2.30 Tristram Shandy 2.45 On Her Majesty’s Secret Service 3.00 Jude the Obscure 4.00 Listomania 4.30 HR 5.00 North by Northamptonshire 5.30 - 6.00am The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy: Hexagonal Phase The Daily Telegraph Thursday 12 April 2018 *** 33 Today’s television Main channels FV Freeview FS Freesat (AD) Audio description (R) Repeat (S) Subtitles (SL) In-vision signing BBC One BBC Two ITV Channel 4 Channel 5 6.00 am Breakfast (S) 9.15 Commonwealth Games 2018. Live athletics, beach volleyball and hockey on day eight (S) 1.00 pm BBC News at One; Weather (S) 1.30 Regional News; Weather (S) 1.45 Doctors (AD) (S) 2.15 800 Words (AD) (S) 3.00 Escape to the Country (AD) (R) (S) 3.45 Money for Nothing (R) (S) 4.30 Flog It! (R) (S) 5.15 Pointless (S) 6.00 BBC News at Six; Weather (S) 6.30 Regional News; Weather (S) 6.55 Party Election Broadcast (S) 6.00 am Commonwealth Games 2018. Live beach volleyball and lawn bowls coverage on day eight (S) 9.15 Oxford Street Revealed (AD) (R) (S) 10.00 Homes Under the Hammer (R) (S) 11.00 Britain’s Home Truths (AD) (R) (S) 11.45 Dom on the Spot (S) 12.15 pm Bargain Hunt (AD) (R) (S) 1.00 Commonwealth Games 2018 Live coverage of the men’s 800m final (S) 5.15 Put Your Money Where Your Mouth Is (R) (S) 6.00 Eggheads (S) 6.30 Today at the Games (S) 6.00 am Good Morning Britain (S) 8.30 Lorraine (S) 9.25 The Jeremy Kyle Show (S) 10.30 This Morning (S) 12.30 pm Loose Women (S) 1.30 News; Weather (S) 1.55 Regional News; Weather (S) 2.00 ITV Racing: Grand National Festival Live coverage of five races from Aintree (S) 5.00 The Chase (S) 6.00 Regional News; Weather (S) 6.25 Party Election Broadcast (S) 6.30 News; Weather (S) 6.00 am Countdown (R) (S) 6.45 3rd Rock from the Sun (AD) (R) (S) 7.10 3rd Rock from the Sun (AD) (R) (S) 7.35 Everybody Loves Raymond (R) (S) 8.00 Everybody Loves Raymond (R) (S) 8.30 Frasier (R) (S) 9.00 Frasier (R) (S) 9.35 Frasier (R) (S) 10.05 Ramsay’s Hotel Hell (AD) (R) (S) 11.00 Undercover Boss USA (R) (S) 12.00 Channel 4 News (S) 12.05 pm Come Dine with Me (R) (S) 1.05 Posh Pawnbrokers (R) (S) 2.10 Countdown (S) 3.00 A Place in the Sun: Winter Sun (R) (S) 4.00 Escape to the Chateau: DIY (AD) (S) 5.00 Four in a Bed (R) (S) 5.30 Star Boot Sale (S) 6.00 The Simpsons (AD) (R) (S) 6.30 Hollyoaks (AD) (R) (S) 6.00 am Milkshake! 9.15 The Wright Stuff 11.15 Can’t Pay? We’ll Take It Away! (R) (S) 12.10 pm 5 News Lunchtime (S) 12.15 GPs: Behind Closed Doors (AD) (R) (S) 1.10 Access (S) 1.15 Home and Away (AD) (S) 1.45 Neighbours (AD) (S) 2.20 NCIS (AD) (R) (S) 3.15 FILM: The Killing Game (2011, TVM) Mystery starring Laura Prepon (S) 5.00 5 News at 5 (S) 5.30 Neighbours (AD) (R) (S) 6.00 Home and Away (AD) (R) (S) 6.30 5 News Tonight (S) Still Game Civilisations: Simon Schama The Investigator: A British Crime Story 7.00 The One Show Topical stories from around the UK (S) 7.00 Emmerdale Chas is at breaking point (AD) (S) 7.30 EastEnders Kat tells Hayley to get out of Walford for good (AD) (S) 7.30 OAP Bootcamp – Tonight Ideas to improve the over-’65s’ health (S) 8.00 MasterChef: The Finals The hopefuls work alongside chefs Ashley Palmer-Watts and Jonny Glass (AD) (S) 8.00 Living with the Brainy Bunch Two struggling 15-year-old students move in with high achievers See What to watch (AD) (S) 8.00 Emmerdale (AD) (S) 9.00 Not Going Out The school lollipop man gets on the wrong side of Lee and Lucy (S) 9.00 Civilisations Simon Schama looks at the links between colour and spirituality See What to watch (AD) (S) 9.00 The Investigator: A British Crime Story Mark Williams-Thomas’s trail brings him to a new prime suspect See What to watch (AD) (S) 8.30 The Cruise: Sailing the Caribbean Marcella makes the final preparations for a wedding ceremony (AD) (S) Indian Summer School Film choice The Man with the Golden Gun (1974) ITV4, 9.00PM ★★★★ Christopher Lee steals the show as the titular assassin, Francisco Scaramanga, in this classic Bond adventure. Roger Moore’s secret agent, in his second outing as 007, must pursue him, with the help of sidekick Mary Goodnight (Britt Ekland), to the villain’s island lair in order to prevent him harnessing the power of the Sun for evil. The confrontations between Moore and Lee are easily the film’s highlights. Can’t Pay? We’ll Take It Away! 7.00 Steve Backshall’s Hedgehog Rescue Steve Backshall visits a hedgehog rescue centre (R) (S) 7.00 Channel 4 News (S) Swordfish (2001) TCM, 9.00PM ★★ 8.00 Location, Location, Location Kirstie Allsopp catches up with two couples who wanted homes near the coast (S) 8.00 Springtime on the Farm A report from the lamb hospital at Barnsley’s Cannon Hall Farm (S) 9.00 Indian Summer School Ethan writes a controversial article for the school newspaper. Last in the series See What to watch (AD) (S) 9.00 Can’t Pay? We’ll Take It Away! A pub licensee tries to cut a deal with her new landlord over a debt (S) 10.00 24 Hours in Police Custody A major investigation into an allegation of police corruption (R) (S) 10.00 Undercover: Nailing the Fraudsters Paul Connolly investigates online romance fraudsters (S) 11.05 First Dates 12.05am 999: On the Frontline 1.00 Class of Mum and Dad 1.55 The Supervet 2.50 George Clarke’s Old House, New Home 3.45 Building the Dream 4.40 The Question Jury 5.35 - 6.00am Steph and Dom’s One Star to Five Star 11.05 The Murderer Next Door: Countdown to Murder 12.00 SuperCasino 3.10am GPs: Behind Closed Doors 4.00 My Mum’s Hotter Than Me! 4.45 House Doctor 5.10 Divine Designs 5.35 - 6.00am Wildlife SOS The most often quoted bit of trivia about this film is that Halle Berry was paid an additional £500,000 to go topless. It’s rather lucky she agreed because she’s probably the most appealing aspect of this frenetic thriller. John Travolta and Hugh Jackman put on testosterone-fuelled displays as a morally dubious counterterrorist agent and the hacker he blackmails into accessing billions of dollars of government money. 9.30 Still Game Last in the series See What to watch (AD) (S) 10.00 BBC News at Ten (S) 10.30 Regional News; Weather (S) 10.45 Question Time Topical debate from Liverpool (S) 11.45 Commonwealth Games 2018. Live athletics, diving and lawn bowls coverage on day nine 3.30- 6.00am Commonwealth Games 2018. Continued live coverage of day nine from Queensland S4C 10.00 MOTD: The Premier League Show (S) 10.30 Newsnight (S) 11.15 Secret Agent Selection: WW2 12.15am Sign Zone: Reggie Yates: Searching for Grenfell’s Lost Lives 1.15 Sign Zone: MasterChef 2.15 Sign Zone: Amazing Hotels: Life Beyond the Lobby 3.20 - 6.00am News 10.00 News; Weather (S) 10.30 Regional News; Weather (S) 10.45 Uefa Europa League Highlights Action from the quarter-final second-leg matches (S) 11.45 Play to the Whistle 12.40am Lethal Weapon 1.25 Jackpot247 3.00 OAP Bootcamp – Tonight 3.25 ITV Nightscreen 5.05 - 6.00am The Jeremy Kyle Show SKY ARTS, 9.30PM ★★★★★ Variations 6.00am Cyw 12.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 12.05pm Straeon y Ffin 12.30 Ffit Cymru 1.30 Sion a Siân 2.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 2.05 Prynhawn Da 3.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 3.05 O Gymru Fach 4.00 Awr Fawr 5.00 Stwnsh 6.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 6.05 Ar Werth 6.30 Rownd a Rownd 7.00 Heno 7.30 Pobol y Cwm 8.00 Gwaith/Cartref 9.00 Newyddion 9 a’r Tywydd 9.30 Cwymp yr Ymerodraethau 10.30 Hansh 11.00 - 11.35pm Mwy o Sgorio Northern Ireland Scotland BBC One: No variations BBC Two: No variations UTV: 1.25am Teleshopping 2.55 3.00am ITV Nightscreen BBC One: No variations BBC Two: No variations STV: 2.00 - 5.00pm Racing on STV: Grand National Festival 10.30 Scotland Tonight 11.05 Uefa Europa League Highlights 12.05am Lethal Weapon 1.00 - 2.00 Teleshopping 4.05 The Jeremy Kyle Show 5.00 6.00am Teleshopping Wales BBC One: 9.30 - 10.00pm Rhod Gilbert’s Work Experience BBC Two: Freeview, satellite and cable BBC Four FV 9 FS 107 SKY 116 VIRGIN 107 7.00 7.30 8.00 9.00 10.00 11.20 pm Beyond 100 Days The Sky at Night Commonwealth Games Extra Putin, Russia & the West Law and Order Totally British: ‘70s Rock ’n’ Roll 12.20 am Danny Baker’s Great Album Showdown 1.20 Putin, Russia & the West 2.20 - 3.20am The Brontes at the BBC ITV3 FV 10 FS 115 SKY 119 VIRGIN 117 10.20 12.30 1.35 2.40 3.15 3.45 4.20 4.50 5.25 5.55 7.00 8.00 10.00 12.05 2.00 2.30 am Inspector Morse pm The Royal Heartbeat Classic Coronation Street Classic Coronation Street On the Buses On the Buses You’re Only Young Twice Rising Damp Heartbeat Murder, She Wrote Vera My Boy Jack am A Touch of Frost ITV3 Nightscreen - 6.00am Teleshopping ITV2 E4 Noon The Goldbergs 1.00pm The Big Bang Theory 2.00 How I Met Your Mother 3.00 New Girl 4.00 Brooklyn Nine-Nine 5.00 The Goldbergs 6.00 The Big Bang Theory 7.00 Hollyoaks 7.30 Extreme Cake Makers 8.00 The Big Bang Theory 8.30 Young Sheldon 9.00 Brooklyn Nine-Nine 9.30 Derry Girls 10.00 The Inbetweeners 10.30 The Windsors 11.05 The Big Bang Theory 12.05am First Dates 1.10 Tattoo Fixers 2.15 The Inbetweeners 2.45 The Windsors 3.10 Brooklyn Nine-Nine 3.354.25am Rude Tube More4 11.35am Four in a Bed 2.10pm Come Dine with Me 4.50 A Place in the Sun: Summer Sun 5.55 Kirstie and Phil’s Love It or List It 6.55 The Secret Life of the Zoo 7.55 Grand Designs 9.00 The Good Fight 10.15 The Undateables 11.15 24 Hours in A&E 12.20am Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA 1.20 The Good Fight 2.30 24 Hours in A&E 3.30-3.55am Food Unwrapped Dave Noon American Pickers 1.00pm Top Gear 3.00 Sin City Motors 4.00 Steve Austin’s Broken Skull Challenge 5.00 Top Gear 7.00 QI XL 8.00 Dara O Briain’s Go 8 Bit 9.00 QI XL 10.00 Not Going Out 11.20 Mock the Week 12.00 QI 1.20am Mock the Week 2.00 QI 3.15-4.00am Parks and Recreation Sky Sports Main Event 11.00am Live European Tour Golf. The Open de Espana 1.00pm Live PGA Tour Golf. The RBC Heritage 3.00 Live Indian Premier League. Sunrisers Hyderabad v Mumbai Indians. Coverage of the match taking place at the Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket Stadium, Hyderabad 7.30 Live EFL. Bradford City v Shrewsbury Town (Kick-off 7.45pm). Coverage of the League One encounter at the Northern Commercials Stadium 10.00 The Debate 11.00 Sky Sports News 2.00am F1 Report 2.30 Paddock Uncut 2.45-4.45am Live Formula 1. The first practice session for the Chinese Grand Prix 10.00 - 10.30pm Still Game 11.15 MOTD: The Premier League Show 11.45 12.15am Sign Zone: See Hear ITV Wales: 6.00 - 6.30pm ITV News Wales at Six When two musicians (Jack Lemmon and Tony Curtis) witness a mob hit, they flee the state disguised as women in an all-female band, but further complications arise in the form of demure ukulele player Sugar Kane, superbly played by Marilyn Monroe. Billy Wilder’s classic comedy is effortlessly wacky and clever. Before, at 9pm, is Urban Myths, which imagines what happened on the set of this romcom. ITV Channel: 1.25 - 3.00am ITV Nightscreen ITV Regions No variations, except: FV Freeview FS Freesat (AD) Audio description (R) Repeat (S) Subtitles (SL) In-vision signing ITV4 FV 24 FS 117 SKY 120 VIRGIN 118 11.45 12.50 1.55 2.55 4.00 5.05 6.10 7.05 8.00 9.00 11.30 1.30 2.30 3.00 10.20am The Bachelor 12.15pm Emmerdale 12.45 Coronation Street 1.45 The Ellen DeGeneres Show 2.35 The Jeremy Kyle Show 4.50 Judge Rinder 5.50 Take Me Out 7.00 You’ve Been Framed! Gold 8.00 Two and a Half Men 9.00 Family Guy 10.00 Celebrity Juice 10.50 Family Guy 11.40 American Dad! 12.35am Plebs 1.35 Two and a Half Men 2.30-6.00am Teleshopping Some Like It Hot (1959, b/w) am The Avengers pm Ironside Quincy ME Minder The Saint The Avengers Storage Wars: Texas Pawn Stars The Big Fish Off FILM: The Man with the Golden Gun (1974) Adventure starring Roger Moore See Film choice pm FILM: Universal Soldier: Regeneration (2009) Sci-fi with Dolph Lundgren am Minder The Protectors - 6.00am Teleshopping Sky Sports Premier League Noon Premier League World 12.30pm PL Greatest Games 1.00 Premier League 100 Club 2.00 PL Best Goals 15/16 3.00 Premier League Years 5.00 Premier League World 5.30 Premier League 100 Club 6.00 Premier League Today 6.30 Premier League 100 Club 7.00 Premier League World 7.30 Premier League Match Pack 8.00 Premier League Today 8.30 Premier League World 9.00 PL Best Goals 15/16 10.00 The Debate 11.00 Premier League Match Pack 11.30 Best PL Goals: Chelsea v Man Utd 12.00 PL Best Goals 94/95 1.00am The Debate 2.00 Premier League Match Pack 2.30 PL Greatest Games 3.00-4.00am The Debate BT Sport 1 Noon ESPN Classic Boxing 4.00pm Live WTA Tennis. Day four of the Claro Open Colsanitas in Bogota, Colombia 12.00 WTA All Access 12.30am Ligue 1 Show 1.00 30 for 30 2.30-4.30am 30 for 30 History Noon Forged in Fire 1.00pm Pawn Stars 2.00 American Pickers 3.00 Counting Cars 4.00 Storage Wars 5.00 Counting Cars 6.00 Forged in Fire 7.00 American Pickers 8.00 Forged in Fire 10.00 Sky One SKY 106 VIRGIN 110 Noon 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 5.30 6.00 6.30 8.00 9.00 10.00 10.30 11.00 12.00 1.00 2.00 3.00 NCIS: Los Angeles pm Hawaii Five-0 Hawaii Five-0 NCIS: Los Angeles Stargate SG-1 The Simpsons The Simpsons Futurama The Simpsons Arrow SEAL Team In the Long Run Football’s Funniest Moments The Force: North-East Air Ambulance ER am Brit Cops: War on Crime NCIS: Los Angeles - 4.00am NCIS: Los Angeles Ultimate Vehicles 11.00 Monsterquest 12.00 Hitler’s Circle of Evil 1.00am Forged in Fire 2.00 Homicide Hunter 3.00-4.00am Ancient Aliens Sky Arts Noon The Sixties 1.00pm Discovering: Terence Stamp 2.00 Watercolour Challenge 2.30 Landscape Artist of the Year 2015 3.30 Tales of the Unexpected 4.00 Trailblazers: Nuclear Protest 5.00 The Sixties 6.00 Discovering: Max von Sydow 7.00 The Nineties 8.00 Discovering: Marilyn Monroe 9.00 Urban Myths: Marilyn Monroe and Billy Wilder See What to watch 9.30 FILM: Some Like It Hot (1959, b/w) Romantic comedy with Jack Lemmon, Tony Curtis and Marilyn Monroe See Film choice 11.45 Urban Myths: Marilyn Monroe and Billy Wilder 12.15am Billy Wilder: Nobody’s Perfect 1.15 We Remember Marilyn 3.15-4.15am National Treasures: The Art of Collecting Sky Cinema Premiere 24 hours, including at: 5.50pm Rough Stuff (2017) Adventure starring Gareth Rickards 8.00 The Hurricane Heist (2018) Action thriller starring Toby Kebbell 9.50 Wilson (2017) Premiere. A lonely middle-aged man reunites with his estranged wife and meets his teenage daughter for the first Sky Atlantic SKY 108 Noon 1.00 2.00 3.00 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.10 10.45 11.20 11.55 12.40 1.15 2.20 3.15 Film4 FV 15 FS 300 SKY 315 VIRGIN 428 House pm Without a Trace Blue Bloods The West Wing House House CSI: Crime Scene Investigation Blue Bloods Billions Silicon Valley Our Cartoon President Our Cartoon President Last Week Tonight with John Oliver am Divorce The Sopranos The Sopranos - 4.15am Blue Bloods time. Comedy drama, starring Woody Harrelson 11.30 Shin Godzilla (2016) Fantasy adventure starring Hiroki Hasegawa 1.35am The Free World (2016) Drama starring Elisabeth Moss 3.25-5.15am Double Date (2017) Comedy thriller starring Danny Morgan PBS America 11.35am Space Mistakes: How Nasa Failures Furthered Exploration 12.05pm The Vietnam War 1.55 Great Escape – The Reckoning 2.55 How to Start a Revolution 4.00 The Vietnam War 5.50 Great Escape – The Reckoning 6.50 How to Start a Revolution 7.55 The Crusaders’ Lost Fort 9.00 The Mystery of the Black Death 10.05 Jazz 11.20 The Crusaders’ Lost Fort 12.20am The Mystery of the Black Death 1.25 Space Mistakes: How Nasa Failures Furthered Exploration 2.00-6.00am Teleshopping TCM 24 hours, including at: 4.35pm The Law and Jake Wade (1958) Western starring Robert Taylor 6.15 Oregon Passage (1957, b/w) Western starring John Ericson 7.50 Sherlock Holmes: Terror By Night (1946, b/w) Mystery starring Basil Rathbone 9.00 Swordfish (2001) Crime thriller starring John Travolta and Hugh Jackman See Film choice 11.05 Halloween H20 11.00 am The Rugrats in Paris: The Movie (2000) Adventure 12.35 pm Spirited Away (2001) Animated fantasy with the voice of Daveigh Chase 3.00 Ice Age: Continental Drift (2012) Comedy with the voice of Ray Romano 4.45 Short Circuit 2 (1988) Sci-fi comedy with Fisher Stevens 6.55 X-Men (2000) Adventure starring Hugh Jackman 9.00 A Bigger Splash (2015) Drama with Tilda Swinton 11.30 As Above, So Below (2014) Horror with Perdita Weeks 1.20 - 3.45am The Kingdom of Dreams and Madness (2013) Documentary (1998) Homicidal maniac Michael Myers returns to stalk his original target, 20 years after his first infamous night of slaughter. Horror, with Jamie Lee Curtis and Josh Hartnett 12.50am Conspiracy Theory with Jesse Ventura 3.00-5.30am Hollywood’s Best Film Directors GOLD 11.20am You Rang, M’Lord? 12.20pm The Green Green Grass 1.00 As Time Goes By 1.40 Waiting for God 2.20 Only Fools and Horses 3.00 Last of the Summer Wine 5.00 The Green Green Grass 5.40 As Time Goes By 6.20 Dad’s Army 7.00 You Rang, M’Lord? 8.00 Dad’s Army 8.40 Only Fools and Horses 9.20 Harry Enfield and Chums 10.40 Two Doors Down 11.20 Jack Dee Live at the Apollo 12.25am Come Fly with Me 1.00 Peep Show 2.05 Men Behaving Badly 2.35 Two Doors Down 3.05-4.00am Jack Dee Live at the Apollo Vintage TV 11.30am Throwback Thursday 1.00pm My Mixtape 2.00 The Nineties, Naturally 5.00 Tune In… To 1990 6.00 Tune In… To 1976 7.00 Tune In… To 1981 8.00 Jangle Gangs 9.00 Joining Forces 10.00 What Happened Post Punk? 10.30 My Vintage 11.30 Eyed Soul 12.30am The Night Shift 3.00-6.00am Neil McCormick’s Needle Time 34 Thursday 12 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph *** Weather and crosswords Nature notes 12,000 trees will boost wildlife More than 12,000 trees have been planted across 20 hectares to create a new woodland at Dove Stone in the Peak District. Over the past three months, RSPB staff and volunteers have battled through the wintry weather to plant a mixture of native British trees including oak, birch and willow. They will help stabilise the soil and prevent erosion in the area. The project will improve water quality, help lock up harmful carbon in the ground and reduce downstream flooding. In the long term, the trees will also provide a home to woodland birds including redstarts and flycatchers, as well as butterflies, bumble bees and even deer. Kate Hanley, the RSPB warden who led the project, said: “We’re looking forward to seeing the woodland grow to support some of our declining woodland wildlife.” Samantha Herbert Our puzzle website Enjoy your favourite Telegraph puzzles with our website. Visit puzzles.telegraph.co.uk Prize puzzles: You can win puzzles added weekly cash prizes with our exclusive Leaderboard: Play online crosswords interactively for points, and Your profile: Create compare your score on the a Nickname and add a photo leaderboard Puzzle archive: More than Print and play: Print 5,000 puzzles from Crosswords puzzles to complete at your to Sudoku. Plus over 50 new leisure The Daily Telegraph published by Telegraph Media Group Ltd, 111 Buckingham Palace Road, London SW1W 0DT. Tel: 020 7931 2000 Printed at Newsprinters (Broxbourne) Ltd, Great Cambridge Road, Waltham Cross, Hertfordshire EN8 8DY; Newsprinters (Knowsley) Ltd, Kitling Road, Prescot, Merseyside L34 9HN; Newsprinters (Eurocentral) Ltd, Byramsmuir Road, Holytown, Motherwell; and Independent News and Media, Unit 5 Springhill Road, Carnbane Industrial Estate, Newry, County Down, Northern Ireland BT35 6EF. Registered as a Newspaper at the Post Office. Newspapers Support Recycling. 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