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The Daily Telegraph - April 12, 2018

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Thursday 12 April 2018
telegraph.co.uk
FINAL
No 50,665 £ 1.80
B R I TA I N ’ S B E S T - S E L L I N G Q U A L I T Y D A I LY
@realDonaldTrump
Russia vows to shoot
down any and all
missiles fired at Syria.
Donald Trump sent
a warning to Syria
and Russia that the
US was prepared to
strike against the
Assad regime
Get ready
Russia,
AP
because they will
be coming, nice and
new and ‘‘smart!’’ You
shouldn’t be partners
with a Gas Killing
Animal who kills his
people and enjoys it!
Trump warns missiles are coming
May orders Navy
submarines to move
within missile range
Cabinet to hold
emergency meeting
By Gordon Rayner Political Editor
and Ben Riley-Smith US Editor
DONALD TRUMP yesterday warned
Syria and its ally Russia that missiles
“will be coming” as Theresa May made
preparations for Britain to join US air
strikes against the Assad regime. The
US president used his favoured me-
NEWS BRIEFING
Puzzles
Obituaries
TV listings
Weather
ISSN-0307-1235
9 *ujöeöu#yxc,v.* ÊÑËÕ
dium of Twitter to announce his intentions, telling Russia to “get ready” for
missiles that would be “nice and new
and ‘smart’”.
The Daily Telegraph has learnt that
Mrs May has ordered British submarines to move within missile range of
Syria in readiness for strikes that could
begin as early as tonight.
The Prime Minister has recalled ministers from their Easter break to attend
an emergency Cabinet meeting this afternoon to discuss how Britain should
respond to last Saturday’s chemical attack on Douma, Eastern Ghouta.
The Cabinet is expected to back Mrs
May in joining US-led air strikes, but
Whitehall sources said there would still
need to be “further conversations”
with the US and France before a final
news
Households
22 spared fines for
31 recycling errors
who
33 Householders
mistakenly put small
amounts of rubbish in the
34 wrong recycling bins should
not be fined, councils have
been told. Town halls have
been warned in new
government guidelines that
they cannot fine
householders for “minor
breaches of waste rules”.
Page 2
decision could be taken, and that no
timetable for potential air strikes had
yet been agreed.
Yesterday Mrs May hardened her
stance towards Syria as she said the UK,
US and France were “rapidly reaching”
a clear picture of who was responsible
for the chemical attack. Mrs May said
“all the indications are that the Syrian
regime was responsible”, adding: “The
continued use of chemical weapons
cannot go unchallenged.”
Sources indicated to The Telegraph
that Mrs May has now abandoned any
intentions of seeking the backing of
Parliament – which does not sit until
Monday – for military action.
There are reports that Bashar al-Assad’s forces have already started moving aircraft and vehicles away from
comment
news
airbases that are likely to be targeted,
and both Mr Trump and Emmanuel
Macron, the French president, have
stressed the need to act swiftly.
Whitehall sources said any military
action was expected to take place before Monday, and by gaining the backing of her Cabinet Mrs May will clear
the last domestic obstacle standing in
the way of British participation.
Jeremy Corbyn, the Labour leader,
said Parliament should be given a say
on British involvement in air strikes,
but there is no legal requirement to do
so, as committing the Armed Forces to
action is covered by Royal prerogative.
In other developments yesterday,
Yulia Skripal, the daughter of the former spy Sergei Skripal, made clear she
does not want the help of the Russian
features
Battle of the
Toby Young
bouquets for
Zuckerberg and stabbed burglar My plan to
Facebook aren’t The battle of the floral
save the
tributes to the burglar killed
as big as
Open
in a south London house
flared up once more, with
they seem
University
bouquets placed by his
Nick Timothy
Page 20
family being torn down.
Residents told of their desire
for a return to normal life
after the death of Henry
Vincent during a raid on the
house of a pensioner.
Page 7
Page 26
‘This missile is so smart it
finds President Trump’s
tweets painfully embarrassing’
embassy. Miss Skripal, who was poisoned with her father in Salisbury last
month, said that “at the moment I do
not wish to avail myself of their services”, after Russia suggested she had
effectively been kidnapped following
the attack.
Mr Trump’s tweets, which dramatically intensified tensions over Syria,
appeared to be a response to earlier
comments by Alexander Zasypkin, the
Russian ambassador to Lebanon, who
warned that: “If there is an American
strike, then we... will shoot down the
missiles and target the positions from
where they were launched.”
Mr Trump responded by tweeting:
Continued on Page 4
Mark Almond: Page 21
news
features
‘Stop Brexit’
campaign with
£1m war chest
Real win thriller
Running the
pro-life gauntlet with last-ditch
penalty
Inside the
Real Madrid squeaked
abortion
through to the Champions
League semi-finals thanks to
centre
a last-minute penalty from
Cristiano Ronaldo. The
buffer
Spanish side, 3-0 up on
zone
Juventus from the first leg,
Pro-Remain groups are
launching a £1 million
campaign to stop Brexit this
weekend. The campaign,
with support from MPs from
all three main parties, will
call on Parliament to give
the public a vote on the
terms of the final deal, with
the chance to stay in the EU
if they vote against it.
Page 8
Page 25
sport
conceded three goals and
the tie was heading for extra
time until the injury time
foul by the Italians.
Sport, page 5
2
Thursday 12 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
**
News
Families should be spared fines for putting
recycling in the wrong bin, councils told
By Christopher Hope
CHIEF POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT
HOUSEHOLDERS who mistakenly put
small amounts of recycling material in
the wrong bins should not be fined, according to new Government guidance
to councils.
Town halls have been told that they
cannot fine householders for “minor
breaches of waste rules” such as putting recycling material in the wrong
boxes for collection.
More local authorities are bringing
in tough new fines of up to £100 for
homeowners who fail to follow recycling rules as they seek to increase
stalled rates.
However, the new Government
guidance has told town halls that they
cannot be issued for “minor problems”.
This includes householders who “put
something in the wrong receptacle by
mistake, forget to close receptacle lids
[and] leave receptacles out for a few
hours before a collection”.
Fines can be issued for householders
who leave their bins on roads so that
they cause “an obstruction to neighbours, such as forcing people using
wheelchairs or buggies to walk on the
road”, it says.
Similarly, inspectors can fine householders if they allow their bins to become “unsightly” or are allowed to
attract vermin like foxes and rats because they are left out for days before a
collection.
Often a small amount of the wrong
sort of recycling can mean that an en-
tire truck load goes to landfill. The fines
can be levied under the 1990 Environmental Protection Act.
Earlier this year in Chichester councillors approved fines for residents
who repeatedly put the wrong items in
their recycling bins.
£100
The maximum amount that local
authorities can fine householders for
breaching waste rules
Residents in Rhondda Cynon Taff
who mix recyclables in with their residual waste can also face a £100 on-
the-spot fine after a vote by councillors
in January. A Government spokesman
said: “The Government wishes to encourage a measured and balanced approach, where householders are not
penalised for minor breaches of waste
bin rules.
“The use of these penalties should
focus on those who cause genuine
harm to the local environment.
“It is good practice to try and inform
the household about any issues on the
presentation of their waste bins.”
The guidance makes clear that all
householders must receive a written
warning to explain how they have broken waste collection rules.
Bin inspectors should first issue “a
letter or information notice” to householders suspected of breaking the
rules. If they do not change their behaviour, they have to be issued with a
“notice of intent” making clear that
that they “may get a fixed penalty”.
They then receive a final notice 28
days after the notice of intent setting
out why they have been given a penalty
notice.
In response, Cllr Martin Tett, the Local Government Association’s environment spokesman, said: “There is no
one-size-fits-all solution when it comes
to waste collection services and councils always work with householders to
offer the best service possible for their
residents.
“Fines are only used to ensure the
most effective waste collection process
and to ensure that our communities are
left clean and tidy.”
‘Stop parents
pulling pupils
from RE out
of prejudice’
By Sarah Knapton SCIENCE EDITOR
By Camilla Turner EDUCATION EDITOR
A PERSONALISED vaccine which
boosts a patient’s immune system has
nearly doubled the number of women
surviving ovarian cancer for two years
in a promising new breakthrough.
A pilot study involving 25 women
showed that reprogramming their own
immune cells so that they recognise
their own tumour radically improved
survival.
Nearly eight out of 10 (78 per cent) of
women given the vaccine alongside
immunotherapy drugs have now survived for two years, compared with 44
per cent who received the drugs alone.
Dr Lana Kandalaft, of the University
of Pennsylvania Perelman School of
Medicine, said: “Ovarian cancer is a silent killer which when diagnosed is
usually in its advanced stage.
“A combination of chemotherapy
and surgery is usually the standard of
care in the primary setting, but 85 per
cent of patients recur and are left with
few other curative options.
“It was demonstrated that about 55
per cent of ovarian cancer patients
have a spontaneous immune response,
and this response actually correlates
with better overall survival in these
patients.”
The vaccine is made by taking
immune cells from the patient’s own
blood which are then exposed to material from the tumour to train them to
identify and infiltrate cancerous cells.
At one year, 100 per cent of the vaccinated patients – all of who had late
stage cancer – were still alive compared
with 60 per cent of those who had received just the two drugs.
Dr Kandalaft added: “The patients
who received the vaccine mounted an
immune response against their own
tumours.”
Ovarian cancer is the sixth most
common cancer among British women,
with more than 7,400 new cases each
year. It mainly affects those who have
been through the menopause, with 82
per cent of cases among women over
50.
Survival rates are poor because only
15 per cent of tumours are picked up at
an early stage. Although the study met
all of its goals, it was not a random, placebo-controlled trial, and researchers
are now keen to begin larger trials. But
they are confident the treatment could
move quickly to the clinic if it is shown
to be as effective.
“We aren’t giving patients any completely new drugs in combination with
this personalised vaccine,” she points
out.
“Bevacizumab and cyclophosphamide are routinely used to treat recurrent ovarian cancer. All we did was add
the vaccine. This means that we should
be able to easily integrate this personalised immunotherapy into the current
standard of care for recurrent ovarian
cancer.”
The pilot results were published in
the journal Science Translational Medicine.
“PREJUDICED” parents are pulling
their children from Religious Education classes because they don’t want
them learning about Islam, teachers
have warned.
Mothers and fathers are abusing
their right to withdraw children from
the classes, and this is hampering
schools’ attempts to “prepare a child
for life in modern Britain”, the Association of Teachers and Lecturers’ annual
conference heard.
Delegates have agreed to urge the
Government to take steps to prevent
parents from selectively withdrawing
their children, specifically from the
teaching of individual religions.
Proposing the motion, Richard Griffiths from the union’s Inner London
branch, said that RE today has developed into a subject “that allows for
critical thinking, big questions, allows
children to explore their own and other
religious beliefs and non-beliefs”.
He said the resolution was not
against parents’ rights to withdraw
youngsters, but was concerned about
evidence that suggested an increase in
the abuse of the right, and the potential
for it to be abused.
Mr Griffiths argued that the right, in
the “rare cases” where parents’ religious beliefs provided genuine grounds
for withdrawal, was “very different to
the cases of parents with certain prejudices, including Islamophobia and
anti-Semitism, who wish to remove
their children from certain lessons or
visits to places of worship that would
significantly hinder the ability of the
school to prepare a child for life in
modern Britain”.
He highlighted a recent Press Association investigation that indicated
there had been a 48 per cent rise in
hate-related crimes linked to race and
ethnicity between 2015-16 and 2016-17.
Mr Griffiths told the conference:
“I’m sure you are well aware of the dangers of members of society closing
themselves off to the rest of the world,
the dangers of social media channelling an ever more extreme reflection of
people’s beliefs, without balance, and
the dangers of those children who are
ignorant of other religious beliefs and
non-beliefs, and lack an understanding
of the way that individuals, regardless
of religion, can work together and
make a positive difference to society
are increasingly vulnerable to targeting by extremists.”
Kim Knappett, the union’s vicepresident, said she had been shown a
letter by a head teacher from a parent
who was asking to selectively remove
their child from RE, and that “the letter was so foul”, her view was that
they should refer it to the relevant
authorities.
In another case, she had been talking to students of different ages about
RE in sixth-forms and they told her
they believed it was important that
they learn about each other, and to
question and debate.
IAN WEST/PA WIRE
Personalised
vaccine helps
women to
fight cancer
Take a bow Naomie Harris, the London actress, sports a stunning bow on the red carpet
before the European premiere of Rampage, the action adventure film in which she co-stars
with Dwayne “The Rock” Johnson, at Cineworld in Leicester Square last night.
In tomorrow’s Features section
Style on Friday
New rugs for
an instant
Spring
update
Diana’s Halo Trust
outfit to be shown
for the first time
Pace of shoe shops’ decline
second only to fashion stores
DIANA, Princess of Wales’s landmines
outfit is to go on display at Kensington
Palace as part of the Diana: Her Fashion
story exhibition.
The Halo Trust-branded protective
vest, which was worn by the Princess
on her high-profile visit to Angola in
1997, has never been displayed before.
A simple sleeveless blue-denim shirt
and the Armani chinos worn by Diana
during the trip will also be on show.
The Duke of Cambridge and Prince
Harry have loaned the exhibition their
late mother’s items. On the visit, Diana
famously walked through a cleared
landmine area in the African country to
highlight the problem with the military
munitions. The pictures of her wearing
the vest were seen all over the world.
The visit took place just months before she died in a car crash in Paris.
Other new items on loan from William and Harry include a glamorous,
purple Versace gown and the pink Bellville Sassoon suit she wore to board the
train to her honeymoon in 1981..
By Katie Morley
CONSUMER AFFAIRS EDITOR
SHOE shops are dying out, a report has
warned, as they are among the stores disappearing fastest from the high street.
Second only to fashion retailers, the
number of shoe shops in the UK
reduced by 86 last year as 164 closed
and just 78 opened, according to the
Local Data Company.
Experts described the rate of decline
as “surprising”, and said it signalled a
move away from the traditional process of consumers trying on shoes
before buying them.
Shoe shops were followed by charity
shops, pubs and convenience stores,
which also saw high levels of closures.
A total of 5,855 outlets closed on
Britain’s high streets in 2017, at a rate of
16 stores a day, a slight increase on the
15 stores a day that closed in 2016, when
5,430 outlets shut down. It is the second consecutive year that the number
of closures has risen. The findings
equate to an overall net loss of 1,772
stores disappearing in 2017.
Clive Black, head of research at
Shore Capital, the consumer analyst,
said: “I am surprised to see shoe shops
losing out so much as they are usually
more protected from shoppers going
online instead of to a physical store.
“Previously a lot of women have
tended to browse online and then try
shoes on in store, but clearly the shoe
sector is not immune from people
ditching this approach.”
Zelf Hussain, a restructuring partner
at PwC, which commissioned the research, said: “The end of 2017 was hard
for UK retail and we’ve seen this continue into 2018, with the toughest first
quarter ... for the sector since the recession. We’ve seen some well-known
names impacted as they face a perfect
storm of issues – a fall in consumer confidence and reduced spending alongside a number of cost headwinds.”
Editorial Comment: Page 21
NEWS BULLETIN
Boy, 3, ‘loses arm in
tumble dryer accident’
A three-year-old boy is in a serious but
stable condition after his arm was said
to have been ripped off when he put it
into a tumble dryer and turned the
machine on. The boy, who has not
been named, was staying in a caravan
with his family at Eastchurch Holiday
Centre on the Isle of Sheppey in Kent
when the incident happened on
Monday.
Other people at the site said they
had been told that his arm had been
severed at the shoulder and it was
reportedly packed in ice and taken 50
miles to King’s College Hospital so that
it could be reattached. The ambulance
service said only that “a young child
suffered a serious arm injury”.
Royal wedding ‘symbol
of US-UK friendship’
The US ambassador has described
Prince Harry and Meghan Markle’s
wedding as a symbol of the special
relationship between Britain and
America.
Speaking after the Prince launched
the Walk of America expedition in
London, a 1,000 mile trek by UK and
US military veterans, Robert Wood
Johnson hailed the close bonds
between his homeland and Britain.
With Ms Markle a US-born former
actress, the marriage will see the
monarchy form strong links with the
US, mirroring the political, cultural
and economic ties that already exist
between the two, he said, adding: “It’s
like a family, you can have squabbles.”
5,000 in Forces have
drink abuse on records
More than 5,000 members of the
Armed Forces had alcohol abuse noted
on their medical records in the last
four years, according to the Ministry
of Defence (MoD).
And almost 600 personnel from the
Royal Navy, the Royal Marines, Army
and the RAF had drug abuse recorded
on their files, it has been reported.
In its response, the MoD said: “As
within wider society, there is no quick
fix to reduce alcohol misuse in the
Armed Forces. We also have rigorous
processes in place to discipline
personnel who make poor choices
regarding alcohol, as well as treatment
mechanisms in place for those with
genuine alcohol problems.”
Grand Theft Auto has
made a record £4bn
Grand Theft Auto, the video game
which has been criticised for its
violent content, has made more money
than any film ever made, according to
financial analysts.
Within three days of its release in
2013 it had made $1 billion worldwide.
Doug Creutz, an analyst at Crowen,
said to date it had earned £4.2 billion.
Minecraft has sold more copies but
Grand Theft Auto makes more money
from online gamers through its
“micropayments”.
Lotto
21 | 25 | 32 | 52 | 56 | 59 | B/Ball 28
Thunderball
3 | 10 | 14 | 16 | 22 | T/Ball 11
Mariah Carey reveals
her bipolar disorder
Mariah Carey has revealed she suffers
from bipolar disorder. The singer told
People magazine she “didn’t want to
believe it” after she was formally
diagnosed with type-two bipolar, also
referred to as bipolar II, following a
mental breakdown in 2001.
Carey is now in therapy and taking
medication. One thing which held her
back from getting treatment earlier,
she said, was the fear of publicity.
“I lived in denial and isolation and in
constant fear someone would expose
me,” she explained. “I simply couldn’t
do that any more.I refuse to allow it to
define me or control me.”
Money can make you
sad, but not happy
Money can’t buy marital happiness but
it can fund depression, a study has
suggested.
Researchers found that couples
earning less than a combined £42,300
a year – or $60,000 – displayed fewer
symptoms of depression.
However, money can increase the
likelihood of developing depression
among the better off.
Dr Ben Kail of Georgia State
University suspects the pooling of
resources helps the financially
strapped feel better about themselves.
His team examined data based on
3,617 adults in the US aged 24 to 89.
The results are published in the
journal Social Science Research.
is a member of the
Independent
Press Standards
Organisation (IPSO) and we subscribe
to its Editors’ Code of Practice. If you
have a complaint about editorial
content, please visit www.telegraph.
co.uk/editorialcomplaints or write to
‘Editorial Complaints’ at our postal
address (see below). If you are not
satisfied with our response, you may
appeal to IPSO at www.ipso.co.uk.
The Daily Telegraph, 111 Buckingham
Palace Road, London, SW1W 0DT
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 12 April 2018
***
3
News
Facebook founder tells
Congress ‘something bad’
may have been going on
with data gathering apps
By Nick Allen in Washington
and Harry Yorke
MARK ZUCKERBERG, the chief executive of Facebook, became embroiled in
a row with the University of Cambridge
yesterday after he said that it was harbouring researchers who improperly
harvested data from some of the social
network’s 2.2 billion users.
His claim that “something bad” was
going on at Cambridge came during his
second day of testimony to the US Congress. Mr Zuckerberg has been attempting to explain the privacy implications
of a data breach at Facebook.
The origins of that breach came in
2014 when Dr Aleksandr Kogan, a researcher at Cambridge, created a personality quiz app. About 270,000
people were paid to take it in exchange
for consenting to the collection of their
personal information.
The program vacuumed up not just
their information, but also that of people with whom they were friends on
Facebook. Loose restrictions the company had in place at the time allowed
that to happen.
In all, an estimated 87 million Facebook users, including a million in the
UK, had data collected and sold to Cambridge Analytica, a private election
consulting firm that counted Donald
Trump’s campaign among its clients.
Facebook has since shut off the ability of apps to gather such data, but Mr
Zuckerberg said that it would take
“many months” to discover if other
apps had also done so.
He told Congress that he believed
that there were researchers at the University of Cambridge, in addition to Dr
Kogan, who had been building similar
programs. He also confirmed that he
was considering legal action against Dr
Kogan, the University of Cambridge,
and Cambridge Analytica, potentially
for breach of contract.
The university expressed “surprise”
at the 33-year-old billionaire’s aggressive comments, and challenged him to
produce evidence to back up his allegations. In a statement the university
said: “We would be surprised if Mr
Zuckerberg was only now aware of research at the University of Cambridge
looking at what an individual’s Facebook data says about them.
“Our researchers have been publishing such research since 2013 in major
peer-reviewed scientific journals, and
these studies have been reported
widely in international media.”
It said that those studies had included one in 2015 led by Dr Kogan and
co-written by two Facebook staff.
The university said that it had written to Facebook on March 21 asking the
company to provide evidence to support its specific allegations about Dr
Kogan but had received no response.
Dr Kogan has claimed that Facebook is
making him a “scapegoat” after it was
left reeling by its inability to protect users’ data.
During his testimony Mr Zuckerberg also disclosed that he had been
among the 87 million people whose
data was harvested by Dr Kogan’s app,
which was called Thisisyourdigitallife.
Asked by a congressman if his own
data had been improperly used, Mr
Zuckerberg replied, “Yes,” but gave no
further details.
At the hearing Mr Zuckerberg, who
founded Facebook in his dorm room at
Harvard, eschewed his usual T-shirt or
hooded top in favour of a smart, dark
blue suit and tie.
Eliot Engel, a Democrat congressman from New York, asked him: “You
say that Facebook was deceived by
Aleksandr Kogan when he sold user information to Cambridge Analytica,
ANDREW HARRER/BLOOMBERG
Zuckerberg
turns his fire
on Cambridge
University
Mark Zuckerberg
swapped his usual
T-shirt for a smart
suit and his notes
revealed that he
had been coached
extensively for his
two-day
interrogation by
members of
Congress
does Facebook therefore plan to sue
Aleksandr Kogan, Cambridge University, or Cambridge Analytica, perhaps
for unauthorised access to computer
networks, exceeding access to computer networks, or breach of contract?
Why, or why not?”
Mr Zuckerberg replied: “It’s something that we’re looking into. We already took action by banning him [Dr
Kogan] from the platform, and we’re going to be doing a full audit to make sure
he gets rid of all the data he has as well.
“To your point about Cambridge
University what we found now is there
is a whole programme associated with
Cambridge University where a number
of researchers, not just Aleksandr
Kogan – although to our current knowledge he’s the only one that sold the data
to Cambridge Analytica – were build-
ing similar apps. So, we do need to understand whether there was something
bad going on at Cambridge University
overall that will require a stronger action from us.”
The news that Mr Zuckerberg’s own
data had been harvested laid bare the
problem that his company faces. Critics
suggested that if even if the company’s
founder could not protect his personal
information, how could ordinary users?
Last night Cambridge Analytica said
its acting chief executive was stepping
down. It said Alexander Tayler would
return to his previous role as chief data
officer to “focus on the various technical investigations and inquiries” the
company was facing. Mr Zuckerberg
was coached for his congressional appearances which lasted 10 hours over
two days and brought with him notes
‘We would be
surprised if
[he] was only
now aware
of research
at the
university
looking at
what an
individual’s
Facebook
data says
about them’
showing answers he intended to give to
specific questions. His prepared response to any suggestion that Facebook
should be broken up was: “Breakup
strengthens Chinese companies.”
In London Matt Hancock, the Culture Secretary, warned senior Facebook executives that the Government
would “hold their feet to the fire” unless they cleaned up the company’s
handling of users’ personal data.
During a “robust” meeting he told
the social media giant’s senior management team that their practices were
“nowhere near” the standards expected. He said that social media companies were “not above the law” and
could face further regulation.
Nick Timothy: Page 20
Editorial Comment: Page 21
4
Thursday 12 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
FINAL
Russian tensions
Cruise missiles at the
ready as submarines
move into position
THERESA MAY yesterday ordered
British submarines in the Mediterranean to move within missile range of
Syria in readiness for strikes against
the Assad regime by the end of this
week.
Whitehall sources told The Daily Telegraph that Britain was “doing everything necessary” to be able to fire
Tomahawk cruise missiles from nuclear-powered submarines against military targets in Syria. One source said
that “if any action is going to happen, it
is going to happen before Monday”.
As of last night, Mrs May had not
come to a final decision on whether
Britain would join the US and France in
kes, but the Prime Minister
any air strikes,
e able to act swiftly if and
wants to be
when she decides to join any
offensive. The Royal Navy has
e-class submarines
three Astute-class
that could be heading towards Syria – HMS Ambush,
HMS Artfull and HMS Astute. Their Tomahawk IVs
e of 1,000 miles,
have a range
he subs would
meaning the
need to lie off the coast
banon or
of Syria, Lebanon
e awaitIsrael while
rder to
ing the order
h substrike. Each
can
marine
carry 38 missiles.
naThe alternative would be
ne
to send one
of three Tra-falgar class
attack submarines
HMS Artful,
right, is one option
for Theresa May
that have been in service since the Cold
War, which can carry up to 30 missiles.
A Whitehall source said: “We are
moving subs in, we are doing everything necessary operationally to do
that. If any action is going to happen it
is going to happen before Monday because once you start having a debate
about it, it will be very difficult for
No 10 to do anything.”
Mrs May is understood to have resolved that any decision to join allied
air strikes would have to be taken by
the Cabinet rather than by Parliament,
as delaying action will give Syria the
chance to move its military assets near
to Russian hardware, making it harder
for the US or UK to get a clean strike.
There was already evidence yesterday of Syria trying to move its aircraft
out of range. Opposition groups said
sh
the Syrian regime was shifting
military
air
vehicles away from its airbase
in Hama,
Am
a potential target for American
cruise
als said Hizbolmissiles. Activists also
m
lah, the Lebanese militant
group
A
supporting the Assad
regime,
was clearing its own positions
n r the T4 airbase
nea
airb
near
in central
je reportedly
Syria. Israeli jets
ba on Sunday
struck the T4 base
night, killing 14
1 people, including sev
seven Iranians.
Micha
Michael Horowitz,
a seni
senior analyst at
the L
Le Beck geopolitica
litical consultancy,
said that the regim
gime
would
pro
probably move
its most sensitiv
tive equipment
cl
close to Russsian forces, in
tthe hope that
tthe US would
b
be less likely
tto risk accide
dentally striking Ru
Russian troops.
Euro
European air traf-
fic controllers yesterday issued a “rapid
alert” for airlines in the eastern Mediterranean over the possibility of air
strikes into Syria within the next 72
hours. The European Aviation Security
Agency warned of possible launches of
air-to-ground strikes or cruise missiles
in the area.
The US does not have an aircraft carrier in the area yet, meaning strikes
would have to be launched from the
USS Donald Cook or the USS Porter,
two US Navy destroyers already in the
Mediterranean. The Donald Cook departed Larnaca, Cyprus, on Monday after completing a scheduled port visit.
The Donald Cook is one of four Arleigh Burke-class guided missile destroyers that generally serve Europe
and are part of a Nato rotation.
Either ship could be used to launch
multiple cruise missiles at sites in Syria.
The US Central Command has been
updating lists of possible military and
government targets in Syria, including
aircraft hangars, ammunition depots
and command headquarters. Defence
officials said one possibility was to render Syrian airfields incapable of being
used to launch future chemical attacks.
The USS Harry S Truman, a nuclearpowered aircraft carrier, is scheduled
to head to the region with a complement of strike and reconnaissance aircraft and surface warships sailing
alongside. Satellite photos of the Russian naval base in Tartus, Syria, showed
all 11 Russian battleships have left Syria.
Open-source flight tracking information revealed that a US Navy P-8A
Poseidon was in the air south of Cyprus, near the Syrian coast, yesterday.
Interfax news agency reported a
Nato surveillance plane was circling
the northern border of Syria in Turkish
airspace. Kuwait Airways last night
said it was stopping flights to Beirut
until further notice over safety fears for
aircraft in the skies around Lebanon,
after receiving warnings from Cypriot
authorities.
MINISTRY OF DEFENCE
By Christopher Hope,
Gordon Rayner, Raf Sanchez
and Ben Riley-Smith
Weapons of war How US and Britain could hit Assad ... and how
Tomahawk cruise missile
Russia ‘will defend its troops’
Continued from Page 1
“Russia vows to shoot down any and all
missiles fired at Syria. Get ready Russia, because they will be coming, nice
and new and ‘smart!’ You shouldn’t be
partners with a Gas Killing Animal who
kills his people and enjoys it!”
He later tweeted: “Our relationship
with Russia is worse now than it has
ever been, and that includes the Cold
War. There is no reason for this. Russia
needs us to help with their economy,
something that would be very easy to
do, and we need all nations to work together. Stop the arms race?”
Mr Trump was said to be considering a more substantial military attack
than the one last year, when the bombing of a Syrian regime air field ultimately failed to stop the use of chemical
weapons. The US president spent the
day behind closed doors in the White
House, holding meetings with James
Mattis, his defence secretary, and Mike
Pence, the Vice-President. Mr Mattis
said yesterday: “We stand ready to provide military options if they are appropriate, as the president determines.”
The stand-off has been caused by a
poison gas attack on a rebel-held area
of Damascus, which killed at least 40
people and reportedly left another 500
needing treatment.
Mrs May, on a visit to Birmingham,
said: “We are working with our allies,
we have been working to get an understanding of what happened on the
ground. All the indications are that the
Syrian regime was responsible and we
will be working with our closest allies
on how we can ensure that those who
are responsible are held to account and
how we can prevent and deter the humanitarian catastrophe that comes
from the use of chemical weapons in
the future. The continued use of chemical weapons cannot go unchallenged.”
She said she was “appalled” but “not
surprised” by Russia’s decision to veto a
draft resolution at the United Nations
which sought to create a new body to
determine responsibility for the attack.
“There can be no role now for investigations by the United Nations,” she added.
Politicians in Moscow condemned
Mr Trump’s “light-minded” tweet.
Yury Shvytkin, a member of the parliamentary committee for defence and
security, said that Russia would “defend its troops” in Syria despite Mr
Trump’s “hysteria”.
Additional reporting by Alec Luhn in
Moscow
Warhead
450kg
Speed
550mph
Range
800-1500 miles
Length
5.56 m
Weight
1,300kg
9M96 interceptor missile
Warhead
24kg
Tomahawk missile
Range
25-75 miles
Speed
2,000mph
Length
5.18 m
Weight
420kg
Russian S400 system
I don’t need any help from Russia or
my cousin Viktoria, says Yulia Skripal
By Patrick Sawer
and Alec Luhn in Moscow
THE daughter of the former Russian
spy who was poisoned in the Salisbury
nerve agent attack last night spoke out
to make clear she does not want the
help of the Russian Embassy, nor her
cousin.
Yulia Skripal, 33, said she had been
made aware of her country’s offer of
assistance but said that “at the moment
I do not wish to avail myself of their
services”.
It comes after the Russian Embassy
suggested yesterday that the secret
resettlement of Ms Skripal and Sergei
Skripal, her father, upon his release
from hospital would be seen as an
“abduction”.
She issued her response through
Scotland Yard last night as she also revealed she is still suffering from the effects of the Novichok used on her and
her father nearly six weeks ago, which
at one point left them both critically ill.
She also thanked the staff at Salisbury District Hospital, which she left
on Monday, for their “obvious clinical
expertise” and for their “kindness”.
She said: “I have left my father in
their care, and he is still seriously ill. I
too am still suffering with the effects of
the nerve agent used against us. I find
myself in a totally different life than the
ordinary one I left just over a month
ago, and I am seeking to come to terms
with my prospects, while also recovering from this attack on me.
“I have specially trained officers
available to me, who are helping to take
care of me and to explain the investigative processes that are being undertaken. I have access to friends and
family, and I have been made aware of
my specific contacts at the Russian Embassy who have kindly offered me their
assistance in any way they can.
“At the moment I do not wish to avail
myself of their services, but, if I change
my mind I know how to contact them.
“Most importantly, I am safe and feeling better as time goes by, but I am not
yet strong enough to give a full interview to the media, as I one day hope to
do. Until that time, I want to stress that
no one speaks for me, or for my
father, but ourselves.”
Russia accused Britain of issuing a
prepared statement that was “clearly
drawn up in such a way as to support
the official statements of the British authorities”.
Ms Skripal also distanced herself
from comments made by Viktoria, her
cousin, who last week said she had
Vitaly Khanin is
filmed by REN TV
‘reporting’ from
Salisbury Hospital,
pointing out a lack
of guards, asking
maternity nurses
about Col Skripal
and claiming a
‘slippery floor’ sign
said ‘don’t enter’
been denied a visa to visit her family in
the UK. She also appeared to cast doubt
over the British Government’s version
of events.
Ms Skripal said: “I thank my cousin
Viktoria for her concern for us, but ask
that she does not visit me or try to contact me for the time being. Her opinions and assertions are not mine and
they are not my father’s.”
Police have transferred Ms Skripal to
a secret location after doctors said she
and her father, 66, had responded “exceptionally well” to treatment. Col
Skripal is also expected to be discharged soon.
The pair had been widely predicted
to die after they were exposed to Novichok, which the Government says
came from the Russian military’s
chemical weapons programme.
Meanwhile, the international chemical weapons watchdog handed its report on the nerve agent attack to the
UK Government after completing its
investigation, the Foreign Office disclosed last night. An executive summary of its findings is expected to be
published today at midday.
But the Russian state and its backers
in the heavily controlled media have
repeatedly questioned Britain’s account of events, and a Russian television crew were yesterday thrown out
of Salisbury District Hospital.
Vitaly Khanin and a cameraman from
REN TV were stopped by security
guards and asked to delete their film after being caught wandering through
corridors and attempting to question
staff. In the footage, the reporter comes
across a closed door behind which, he
claims, Col Skripal is being treated. He
tells viewers that a sign on the door says
“Don’t enter, stay back”, when in fact
the sign on the door simply reads: “Danger, slippery floor surface.”
The hospital condemned what it described as “appalling behaviour” by the
TV crew, accusing them of trespassing
and harassing staff.
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 12 April 2018
**
Russia could defend him
Royal Navy Astute-class submarine
How Twitter tirade in front of breakfast
television news set the world on edge
President tilts at the
Kremlin after Fox News
feature on Putin, Syria
and election meddling
By Ben Riley-Smith
and Harriet Alexander
EVEN by Donald Trump’s standards,
the tweetstorm was quite something.
Beginning at 6.30am and lasting
two-and-a-half hours, the US president
laid bare his frustrations over Russia.
The Kremlin was told to “get ready”
for a Syrian air strike, mocked for
thinking it could destroy America’s
“nice” and “smart” missiles and warned
relations were worse than during the
Cold War.
Bashar al-Assad, the Syrian president, was dubbed a “Gas Killing Animal” who enjoys murder, and the
Democrats were blamed for driving the
Russian election meddling inquiry.
There was even time in the president’s six-tweet tirade to bash an old
foe – “The Failing New York Times” –
and criticise the man investigating his
campaign, Robert Mueller. Hints for
what set Mr Trump off could be found
How Russia’s S-400 missile defence system
could stand up in Syria
Can hit aircraft
and missiles at
up to 20 miles
altitude
Detects targets
375 miles away
Intercepts
targets travelling
up to 3 miles per
second
RUSSI A
Black
Sea
Ankara
TURKEY
Maximum S-400
range from
Hmeymin airbase
C Y PRUS
Med.
Sea
SYRIA
Damascus
uss
Engages
36 targets
simultaneously
Anti-aircraft,
48N6, 40N6
250 miles
Anti-missile, 9M96
75 miles
I R AQ
250 miles
SOURCES: ASSOCIATED PRESS, ARMY TECHNOLOGY, GRAPHIC NEWS
US Tomahawks
versus Russia’s
defensive wall
By Roland Oliphant SENIOR
FOREIGN CORRESPONDENT
DONALD TRUMP’S promise to carry out US strikes
against Syria despite Russian
warnings could result in a
showdown between two of
the world’s most sophisticated weapons systems.
US action against Bashar
al-Assad will almost certainly come in the form of a
hail of Tomahawk missiles,
the $832,000-a-piece sealaunched weapons.
But that strike could be
disrupted, if not entirely
thwarted, by Russia’s stateof-the-art
but
untested
S-400 air defence system.
Launched from US Navy
ships and Royal Navy submarines, the Tomahawks
can deliver a 1,000lb (450kg)
warhead with pinpoint accuracy from ranges of 800 to
1,500 miles, flying at
550mph just feet above the
ground. But they have never
been challenged by an air
defence system as modern
or sophisticated as the
S-400, which Russia deployed to its Hmeymim airbase in Syria in 2015.
The S-400 has a radar and
control array that allows it to
target dozens of enemy aircraft
simultaneously
at
ranges of up to 250 miles.
And while its missile interceptor
capability
is
shorter range – about 75
miles – its missiles travel at
1,000 metres per second and
can hit low-flying targets at
just a few metres of altitude
– perfect for killing subsonic Tomahawks.
US commanders, however, may plan to overcome
that impressive hit rate with
an overwhelming number of
Tomahawks
given
that
Western experts estimate
the Hmeymim system has
only around 60 missiles.
The S400 is not the only
defence coalition commanders have to worry about.
Russia is also believed to
have missile cruisers carrying the older S-300 anti-aircraft system off the coast and
defending its base at Tartus.
It also has a number of SU30 interceptor aircraft in
Syria, which could pose a serious challenge to coalition
pilots.
Meanwhile, the Syrian
Arab Army fields a formidable array of older, mostly Soviet-designed surface to air
missiles which, while little
threat to cruise missiles,
could prove extremely dangerous to coalition aircraft.
That effectively rules out
conventional
airstrikes,
which would risk the lives of
the coalition pilots and
gravely raise the risk of direct conflict between Russian and Western forces.
Other coalition options include
Britain’s
Storm
Shadow cruise missile, an
air-launched long range
“stealth” cruise missile designed to evade radar that
could be fired by RAF Tornadoes flying out of Cyprus.
5
Top Trumps The president’s finest tweets
uTerrible! Just
found out that
Obama had my
“wires tapped”
in Trump Tower
just before the
victory. Nothing
found. This is
McCarthyism!
March 4 2017
uKim Jong Un
just stated that
the “Nuclear
Button is on his
desk at all times.”
Will someone
from his depleted
and food starved
regime please
inform him that I
too have a
Nuclear Button,
but it is a much
bigger & more
powerful one
than his, and my
Button works!
Jan 2 2018
uDon’t focus on
me, focus on the
on Fox & Friends, the president’s
favourite breakfast cable news show,
which pulled no punches over Russia
yesterday.
One ex-military talking head dubbed
Russia, Iran and Syria “pariahs” that
the Trump administration should go
after “in a very public way”.
Another said Vladimir Putin and
Russia “only understand power” and
will “respect” it once shown. Both
comments aired before Mr Trump’s
destructive
Radical Islamic
Terrorism that
is taking place
within the UK.
We are doing
just fine!
Nov 29 2017
u The FAKE
NEWS media is
not my enemy, it
is the enemy of
the American
People!
Feb 17 2017
‘Vladimir
Putin and
Russia only
understand
power and
they will
respect it
once shown’
first tweet. His scattergun approach
also reflects two wider truths in the
current White House – Mr Trump’s raw
fury at the Russian election probe and a
shake-up in his foreign policy team.
The New York Times quoted two
sources “close to the West Wing” saying Mr Trump was in “meltdown” over
Mr Mueller’s special counsel investigation on Tuesday, the day before his
tweets.
On Monday, FBI officials raided the
office and home of Michael Cohen, Mr
Trump’s long-term personal attorney
who paid the porn star Stormy Daniels
after she alleged an affair.
The president has done little to hide
his anger at the move, repeatedly calling it a “disgrace” and musing on
whether he should fire Mr Mueller,
who passed on information that led to
the raid.
Mr Trump directly linked America’s
deteriorating relationship with Russia
to the “fake & corrupt” investigation in
his tweets yesterday, a sign he sees
them as parts of the same whole.
The president’s numerous Russia
fires – the election meddling scandal,
Russia’s Syrian regime support, his
thwarted efforts at building a closer
relationship with Mr Putin – cannot be
seen as independent of each other. And
then there is Mr Trump’s security team
shake-up. As the president considers
how to react over Syria, he does so
without some checks and balances that
previously curbed his instincts.
Gone is Rex Tillerson, the US secretary of state who often urged caution.
His replacement, Mike Pompeo, is yet
to get Senate approval – meaning Mr
Trump is making calls without a permanent top diplomat.
Gone is HR McMaster, the former
general who was another restraining
influence as the White House national
security adviser.
In his place is John Bolton, the hawkish George W Bush diplomat who
started on Monday and is already making his presence felt.
Three of the old guard – Nadia
Schadlow, the US deputy national security adviser, Tom Bossert, the homeland security adviser, and Michael
Anton, the national security council
spokesman – have already been booted,
with more changes expected.
Mr Bolton, out of government for
more than a decade, is playing a central
role in the Syria discussions. Mr Trump
yesterday tweeted it “feels great” to
have Mr Bolton by his side.
6
***
Thursday 12 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 12 April 2018
FINAL
7
Burglar stabbing
Fear and loathing in Hither Green ... how death
of traveller burglar led to a clash of cultures
‘I’m sick of
all this fuss.
We just
want the
travellers to
stay away
and let
things get
back to
normal’
Special
report
R
ed carnations trampled
underfoot still in their
cellophane. Pale
chrysanthemum petals
strewn carelessly in the
gutter. Blue florists’
ribbons threaded through the slats of a
high garden fence in a quiet corner of
south London suburbia.
Across the road two uniformed
officers stand outside the house of
Richard Osborn-Brooks, its boarded
windows and police tape bearing
witness to the fact that this ordinary
postwar semi is now a crime scene.
But ordinary life has become a thing
of the past here in Hither Green;
despite the neatly clipped hedges, the
gardens planted with spring hyacinths
and the Range Rovers parked in
driveways, behind the net curtains
there is simmering conflict.
These crushed tributes are the
visible signs of an extraordinary – and
frightening – clash of cultures that has
put anxious residents at loggerheads
with local travelling families.
This is the scene at Hither Green,
where a floral shrine to burglar Henry
Vincent has been repeatedly erected
by the travelling community and torn
down again by local residents – no
fewer than four times.
Vincent, 37, a career criminal,
entered the home of 78-year-old Mr
Osborn-Brooks and his wife in the
early hours of last Wednesday. His
accomplice, who remains on the run,
went upstairs. Vincent, who was
carrying a screwdriver, died after a
struggle with Mr Osborn-Brooks, who
was first arrested and then released
without charge.
Since then, Vincent’s family, who
describe themselves as gipsies, have
been engaged in a standoff with local
householders. As each tribute is
removed, they have returned to
replace it.
Early yesterday a dozen or more
bouquets were fastened to the fence
by those blue ribbons, along with
sympathy cards, poems, a child’s teddy
bear.
Then, as the news cameras rolled,
local resident Iain Gordon ripped the
flowers off, jumped on them, mocked
the teddy and poured scorn on the
poor grammar of heartfelt cards.
One of them read: “I will never be
ashamed to call you my Daddy and you
was the best one I could ask for, I’m a
proud daughter. I love you Daddy.
From your Pet, your Second Baby.”
It was painful, provocative, and
totally lacking in humanity. But that is
precisely the accusation being levelled
at the family and friends of Vincent
who have left the flowers on the fence
opposite number 23, where Mr
Osborn-Brooks and his wife are
currently no longer living.
“It’s a really upsetting thing to see,”
said Janet Gummerson, 87, who was
walking her Spanish rescue dog,
Amber. “That shrine makes that
PAUL GROVER FOR THE TELEGRAPH
By Judith Woods
In Hither Green,
resident Iain
Gordon takes down
flowers laid in
memory of Henry
Vincent, the burglar
who was stabbed to
death, while, below,
a police officer
patrols the scene
burglar out to be some sort of hero
when he was breaking into someone’s
home and doing harm. This is a nice
area and we don’t want to become
notorious for all this; my big concern
is what will happen when the Catford
travellers’ site opens.”
Again and again, local people talk of
“Catford” and how the conversion of
an area near the Ravensbourne River
known as Pool Court, into a
permanent site for travellers will
impact on the wider community. But
all that is in the future. For now, there
is fear and not a little hostility towards
travellers who have been doing work
in and around Hither Green, repairing
driveways.
Rumours abound that one elderly
man was charged £1,600 to replace a
single tile on his roof; true or not, it is
fuelling suspicions.
Jack Smith, a 21-year-old student,
said it was “common knowledge” that
travellers had been “casing” homes as
they went door-to-door.
“Over the last couple of days, ever
since the flowers were left, a traveller
has been slowly driving around the
crescent every couple of hours, trying
to intimidate us,” he said. “I’m not
afraid but I can imagine some of the
elderly couples must be feeling very
upset by it.”
Most residents in the crescent,
where three-bedroomed homes cost
around £450,000, are no longer
opening their doors to journalists.
Passers-by hurried past the remains of
this latest floral display, most of which
now languishes in a council skip. But
it’s an ill-wind however; by mid
afternoon a 24-hour burglar alarm
company car pulled up a few doors
down from his home. No fewer than
six red-jacketed Verisure
representatives started cold-calling
houses along the crescent.
Naked opportunism or astute
business acumen? Either way they
were getting a visibly warmer
welcome than the camera crews.
“I’m sick of all this fuss,” said a
middle-aged man from a nearby road.
“We just want the travellers to stay
away and let things get back to normal,
it’s not fair to keep using those awful
carnations to make us feel
uncomfortable in our own homes.”
He almost spat out the words “awful
carnations”; arguably not since the
War of the Roses has any bloom taken
on such threatening connotations.
For their part, Vincent’s family say
the flowers and mementos are an
entirely fitting reminder of their loved
one. Earlier this week his cousin
Elvina Lee spoke of her frustration at
the destruction of the shrine.
“When other people die they put up
‘When other
people die
they put up
flowers. Why
can’t we?
We’re not
allowed
because
we’re gipsies’
flowers. Why can’t we?” she
demanded. “We’re not allowed
because we’re gipsies.”
The point could be made that this is
about appropriate behaviour,
regardless of background or ethnicity.
But neither side is willing to back
down.
The police have kept an eye on
proceedings but as no crime has been
committed they have wisely declined
to intervene.
Amid accusation and counter
accusation, the flowers have gone.
Every night the number of bouquets
falls. Will there be more carnations
and chrysanthemums to greet the
dawn this morning? As they open their
curtains, the residents of Hither Green
will be hoping that, despite the season,
all trace of these particular flowers will
have faded.
Chief Superintendent Simon
Dobinson, Lewisham Borough
commander, said he was aware of
concerns raised by residents but that
his officers “are not there to safeguard
or facilitate the laying of floral
tributes”.
8
Thursday 12 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
***
News
Remainers to
launch £1m
drive to keep the
UK in Europe
PRO-REMAIN groups are launching a
£1 million campaign to stop Brexit this
weekend, The Daily Telegraph can reveal.
The campaign will call on Parliament to give the public a vote on the
terms of the final deal, with the chance
to stay in the EU if they vote against it.
MPs from all three major political
parties, including Anna Soubry, a Tory,
and Chuka Umunna, from Labour, will
join forces with anti-Brexit campaigners to demand the chance to remain –
branded The People’s Vote.
Richard Reed, a businessman and
the vice-president of the National Union of Students, is also expected to
speak at a rally in central London to
launch the campaign on Sunday.
The Telegraph understands £1 million has been raised by nine pro-Remain groups to fund the campaign,
which already has a logo and poster.
It comes as pro-Remain MPs and
peers prepare to force the Prime Minister to reconsider the UK’s Brexit position through a series of votes in the
House of Lords after the Easter recess
next week.
Theresa May could face a number of
heavy defeats as the Lords prepare to
back amendments including one that
could keep the UK in the customs union, making it impossible to conduct
trade deals around the world. Sir Bill
Cash, chairman of the influential European Scrutiny Committee, told The Telegraph: “They are completely defying
the British people who made a decision
which was given to them by parliament
itself. The latest polling says 65 per
cent of the British people do not want a
second referendum; they are living in a
parallel universe.”
The People’s Vote campaign is being
led by Open Britain, the group backed
by Peter Mandelson, the Labour grandee. Tony Blair and Nick Clegg have
also worked closely with the group.
Others include European Movement, which is chaired by Stephen
Dorrell, the former Conservative Cabinet minister, and counts Ken Clarke
and Lord Heseltine as key figures behind the scenes.
It was revealed earlier that six of the
major pro-Remain groups had moved
into Millbank Tower to better coordinate their efforts to block Brexit. This
newspaper can reveal that the groups
have been holding regular meetings to
plan the bid for a second vote.
James McGrory, the executive director of Open Britain, said: “The various
pro-European groups have never hidden the fact that their co-location in
Millbank Tower was a precursor to the
launch of a new overarching campaign.
We’re publicly organising over 300
grassroots events on Saturday and a
launch event on Sunday.”
By Harry Yorke
POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT
YVES HERMAN/REUTERS
By Kate McCann
SENIOR POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT
Labour backs
free bus travel
scheme – at a
cost of £1.4 bn
Baby boom A newborn male Asian elephant is pictured on the first day of a public
appearance at the Planckendael Zoo in Mechelen, Belgium. The unnamed calf is the third
to be born at the zoo in six months, in a programme designed to repopulate the species.
JEREMY CORBYN will today announce
plans for free bus travel for anyone under 25 with a policy that aims to woo
13 million voters and would cost the
Treasury £1.4 billion.
Labour says that the policy would be
paid for using money from Vehicle Excise Duty, which is forecast to bring in
£6.7 billion by 2021.
However, that money is earmarked
for new roads, meaning that any future
road building would have to be paid for
out of Labour’s “national transformation fund”, a £250 billion scheme raised
through additional borrowing.
Last night John O’Connell, chief executive of the TaxPayers’ Alliance
called the policy a subsidy for “24-yearold bankers”.
“As with their ‘pledge’ to abolish tuition fees, this is another transfer of
wealth from hard-pressed taxpayers to
young middle-class voters,” he said.
“Bus subsidies already run into the billions, costing each household £80 a
year. Why on earth should 25-year-old
taxpayers on minimum wage subsidise
24-year-old bankers to nip between
meetings and lunches in the City?”
Nusrat Ghani, a transport minister,
said: “Our balanced approach to the
economy means that we are able to
help people with the cost of travel by
extending railcards to everyone under
the age of 30.”
In Derby, Mr Corbyn will say that the
scheme, which could save youngsters
£1,000 a year, will allow them to “travel
to work, to study and to visit friends”,
adding: “Young people also tend to be
in lower paid, more insecure work, and
they spend a higher proportion of their
income on travel. Giving them free bus
travel will make a huge difference.”
Energy firms to be customer-service rated Hospitals spend £3 a day on patient meals
By Katie Morley
CONSUMER AFFAIRS EDITOR
ENERGY providers could soon be
forced to display customer satisfaction
scores on their websites.
Consumers would be able to read
“traffic light-style” scorecards to warn
them about potential poor customer
service, reliability and value for money,
before signing up for deals.
In a Green Paper published yester-
day on improving rights for millions of
consumers, Greg Clark, the Business
Secretary, listed prioritising consumer
satisfaction over price as a key goal.
The Department for Business is now
calling for views on the use of scorecards to, for example “name and
shame” poor performers or highlight
suppliers who fail to meet certain minimum standards, it said.
The report also suggested that the
Open Banking scheme, which lets con-
sumers see all their finances in one
place and easily switch bank accounts,
should be extended to utilities firms.
Mr Clark said companies too often
used consumer data to identify loyal
customers and allow them to default on
to expensive deals.
The Government wants to end this
“information asymmetry” so that consumers can use their own data to get
the best deals and drive competition,
he said.
By Laura Donnelly HEALTH EDITOR
HOSPITALS are spending as little as £3
a day on food for patients, despite rising numbers of cases of malnutrition,
figures show.
NHS data reveal 13 NHS trusts spending less than £5 a day on food, with just
£2.61 a day spent by one NHS hospital
– little more than the daily spend in
prisons.
Labour last night pledged to intro-
duce new legal minimum standards for
hospital food, to ensure patients were
better nourished.
Records show the number of patients admitted in hospital suffering
from malnutrition has more than doubled since 2009-10, with 8,458 cases
where it was the primary or secondary
diagnosis in 2016-17.
Prue Leith, an ambassador for the
Campaign for Better Hospital Food,
welcomed Labour’s pledge. The Bake
Off judge said: “Finally a major political
party is waking up to the issue of hospital food. For the sake of patients’ recovery and for their enjoyment, let’s hope
the Government follows suit and commits to better food in our hospitals.”
Jonathan Ashworth, the shadow
health secretary, said: “Patient care
isn’t just about medicines, bandages,
treatments and surgical procedures,
it’s about nutrition and hydration as
well.”
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 12 April 2018
**
9
News
‘I’m no monster, I’m trying to save this place’
mah, the universities minister, has
said: “I recognise a decline in the number of older and part-time students applying for university and this is
something I am concerned about.”
Robert Halfon, the Tory chairman of
the education select committee, said
that restoring the university’s grant
and cutting loans for part-time learners
must be a “core” part of the review.
He said the review would be ren-
Under fire Open University
head filmed near to tears in
emotional address to staff
who fear institution cuts
By Camilla Turner EDUCATION EDITOR
THE head of the Open University broke
down in front of staff, defending his
policies to try to save the institution.
In an emotional plea to lecturers,
during which he appeared close to
tears, Peter Horrocks insisted that he
does not have a “hard heart” and was
“hurt” by such a suggestion.
Addressing Open University employees at a meeting earlier this year,
he went on to say: “I’m trying to save
the place. Who do you think I am? A
monster? Just driven by business? I
came here because I care. I really care.
And this place may fail. I’m not a monster... I’m trying to save this place”.
In video footage seen by The Daily
Telegraph, he explained: “It’s really important that the way that we use language
absolutely
acknowledges
people’s strengths and their differences. And in using a particular verb –
harden and soften – that to me, I was
hurt by that. I’ve got quite a soft heart.
I care about this place. I didn’t come
here to be told I’ve got a hard heart.”
The Open University declined to
‘I’ve got quite a soft heart. I
care about this place. I
didn’t come here to told I’ve
got a hard heart’
Footage of Peter Horrocks, head of the Open University, making an emotional statement to staff, insisting he does not have a “hard heart” and was “hurt” by such a suggestion
comment on the footage. The university is suffering from a sharp fall in student numbers and leaked proposals
revealed that dozens of courses could
be closed down, alongside a major staff
redundancy programme. Since tuition
Forget crafts:
Girl Guides opt
to turn digital
By Olivia Rudgard SOCIAL
AFFAIRS CORRESPONDENT
GIRLGUIDING’S traditional
image has been focused on
crafts, camping and outdoor
adventure. But its newest
badge is set to be rather
more futuristic.
The 100-year-old organisation has launched a new
digital badge in partnership
with Google to try to get
more girls to learn to code
and go to work in the technology sector.
The new programme will
include a challenge for
Brownies which will allow
them to design a robot, learn
about algorithms and how
computers work.
A separate digital design
badge for Rangers, who are
aged between 14 and 18, will
also be launched.
The Brownies’ programme
does not involve any computers, but allows girls to learn
about algorithms and how
they work in computer programmes and robots.
In one exercise girls will
“programme” an imaginary
robot by giving it instructions on how to move around
a paper grid and carry out
tasks such as tidying.
Alice Pinney, 18, a Girlguiding ambassador, said
the programme would show
girls there was more to tech
than selfies and social media.
“When we talk about
technology, that jump from
technology to social media is
instant, because that’s what
people use their phones for
all the time. But computers
are there to take science to a
new level – technology is far
more than this reductionist
approach of social media.
“There is definitely a lack
of representation of girls in
things like coding. I applied
for a computer science
course and there were 40
people there and three girls.
‘Technology is as
important as
outdoor adventure
in Guiding’
It is just that girls aren’t being exposed to as much of
these female STEM role
models, which means that
the field isn’t seen as accessible for them.”
Technology should be as
important as outdoor adventure in the Guiding movement, she added.
“The two things are very
very different – adventure
gives girls the opportunity to
develop themselves and
learn more about themselves. Being confident
within themselves is a really
positive thing, whereas technology is a massive part of
society which underpins
practically everything we
do.”
The changes are part of an
overhaul in July of Girlguiding’s entire programme.
In tomorrow’s Features section
Michael Palin
... on Spike
Milligan’s
genius
fees were trebled in 2012, the number
of part-time students dropped sharply,
as thousands of mature learners have
been put off by the increased cost.
Last week, academics passed a vote
of no confidence in Mr Horrocks, after
he accused them of “not teaching”. He
was already under fire from lecturers
for plans to axe staff and cut courses,
but came under fresh attack over his
comments about the teaching staff at
the university. The Open University’s
council met on Sunday to discuss Mr
Horrocks’ future, but has not yet declared the meeting’s outcome.
The Prime Minister said that parttime students will be looked at in the
higher education review and Sam Gyi-
dered “pointless” if it does not look at
ways to rescue part-time student numbers from further decline.
Nick Hillman, director of the Higher
Education Policy Institute, said that the
university is at “crisis point”.
“There has been a very clear market
failure in the sense that the high tuition
fees work remarkably well for young
school leavers but mature and parttime learners are much more debt
averse,” he said. “We need a good oldfashioned subsidy from the Government to keep the university open and
to reduce the upfront cost of studying.”
Feature: Page 26
10
Thursday 12 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
**
News
Met wasted time on past sex crimes, says former chief
By Jack Maidment
POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT
A FORMER head of Scotland Yard has
said the force has wasted resources on
historical investigations.
Lord Stevens of Kirkwhelpington,
who ran the Metropolitan Police between 2000 and 2005, said such investigations were “extremely time
consuming” and were not always
worth it. The peer said “strong deci-
sions” needed to be taken to ensure
available resources were appropriately
allocated during a period of austerity.
He also warned that “we are going to
be in big trouble” unless politicians,
police and communities “grab hold” of
increasing violent crime levels.
Lord Stevens’ intervention came as
the Metropolitan Police faced mounting pressure over its response to a wave
of violent crime in London. The rising
level of violence which has seen more
Lord Stevens, a
former head of
Scotland Yard, says
strong leadership is
needed to fight a rise
in violent crime
than 50 people murdered in the capital
since the start of the year has placed
Government police cuts under the
spotlight. Lord Stevens suggested the
force could have made better use of officers’ time as he took aim at historical
offence investigations.
“The problem with it all is priorities.
Some of these historical offences which
have taken place are extremely time
consuming and take a lot of resources
away,” he told LBC Radio:
“Baroness Doreen Lawrence has
taken a very brave stance in saying
‘look, I don’t think there’s anything
more to be discovered here’ [in the Stephen Lawrence investigation]. Let’s
have a little bit more of that.”
One of the most high-profile historical investigations conducted by Scotland Yard in recent years was Operation
Midland, which cost £250 million before it was shut down without a single
arrest being made.
Lord Stevens said he had “total confidence” in Cressida Dick, the Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police, to
“make the right decisions” to tackle the
capital’s violent crime problem.
“Now is the time for some very
strong leadership, which we will get,
and some very strong political leadership because if this becomes a trend
and gets worse, and this is across the
country, this is not just London, if
someone doesn’t grab hold of this now
we are going to be in big trouble on the
streets, worse than we are now,” Lord
Stevens said.
‘Chemical
castrations’
may increase
Drawing the
crowds The Royal
Academy of Arts
show The Great
Spectacle tells the
story of 250 years
of the Summer
Exhibition, the
world’s longest
running annual
display of
contemporary art.
William Powell
Frith’s A Private
View at the Royal
Academy, 1881
illustrates the draw
of the annual event
and features Oscar
Wilde among the
invited guests.
POPE FAMILY TRUST, C/O MARTIN BEISLY
By Harry Yorke
POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT
MINISTERS are considering expanding the use of “chemical castration” of
sex offenders as figures show that reoffending rates have surged.
Officials at the Ministry of Justice
have been asked to draw up plans for
an expansion of the treatment following pilot programmes at six prisons
across the country.
A ministry source says as many as
120 serious offenders have already accepted the treatment, which suppresses libido, since it was introduced.
Evidence has shown that it drastically
reduces the chance of reoffending.
“The department is looking at
whether this programme should be
rolled out further,” the source said.
“The decision has not been taken yet,
but the questions have been asked.”
The Daily Telegraph understands
that Levi Bellfield, the killer of Milly
Dowler, and Ian Huntley, the Soham
murderer, were offered the medication, but they declined and up to 1,500
current prisoners could be asked.
New law needed to convict ‘familiar rapists’ Teaching philosophy in jail boosts empathy
By Kate McCann and Ashley Kirk
A NEW rape offence may be needed,
say campaigners, because jurors are
failing to convict in cases of “familiar”
rape, in which victims knew their
attacker.
Experts want a review of legislation
after figures showed that convictions
stalled at the same time as reports of
rape were rising, leading to a bigger gap
in the rate of successful prosecutions.
Jess Phillips, a Labour MP, said: “We
definitely need some sort of review. We
need to face up to things like collapsed
cases”. She added that a “second type of
offence” should be considered.
A spokesman for Rape Crisis said
there needed to be a “long-term cultural shift” in the way people thought
about rape and a campaign targeted at
older people and teenagers.
Ms Phillips said: “Convicting people
of rape in marriage, convicting people
of rape through colleagues or people
who you know, familiar rape, is really,
really hard unless there are other mitigating factors. I think the justice system definitely needs a better response
to rape that isn’t stranger rape.”
Maria Miller, chairman of the women
and equalities committee, said that the
country needed a “judicial system better able to reflect society’s views on
what constitutes rape now, not 40
years ago”.
By Olivia Rudgard
SOCIAL AFFAIRS CORRESPONDENT
TEACHING prisoners Socrates and
Plato helps them develop empathy and
tolerance, a study has found.
The programme, run by Dr Kirstine
Szifris of Manchester Metropolitan
University, found that terrorists, murderers and drug dealers became more
tolerant and empathetic following a series of sessions on the classical Greek
philosophers, as well as later writers
such as Kant and Descartes.
The initiative was designed to challenge “hyper-masculine survival behaviour” in the prisons, including
among the most serious offenders.
Dr Szifris, who is presenting her research at the British Sociological Association’s
annual
conference
in
Newcastle today, said the 12-week curriculum at two prisons, Full Sutton
prison in Yorkshire and Grendon prison
in Buckinghamshire, included discussion of Plato’s ideal society, the stoic
philosophy of the Greeks and Romans,
and the Socratic method of inquiry.
Students included the toughest Category A prisoners whose behaviour
was initially characterised by “bravado,
one-upmanship and competition”.
Dr Szifris said her findings suggested
the classes could “increase empathy,
decrease distress, improve trust and
encourage self-reflection”.
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 12 April 2018
***
11
News
Book fair host
sorry for saying
he wanted to
‘snog’ Trollope
By Sarah Knapton sciEncE Editor
By Anita Singh
Arts And EntErtAinmEnt Editor
THE Romans may have given us impressive roads, plumbing and an entirely new calendar, but it was always
thought that when they left Britain
they took their DNA with them.
Previous studies have shown that
the legionaries left little genetic legacy
before returning to defend the empire
from marauding barbarians in the 5th
century. But new research could be
about to prove otherwise.
A recent study by Harvard University found a strange genetic disparity
that emerged in the South East around
the Iron Age and Roman period.
At that time most Britons were descended from the Beaker People, farmers who migrated from central Europe
around 2750 BC, and who replaced 90
per cent of Britain’s gene pool within
just a few hundred years.
Yet new studies of ancient skeletons
showed that people in the South East
were getting their DNA from elsewhere. Now researchers at Harvard
have a theory for the strange genetic
disparity. It could be that many Roman
soldiers stayed in Britain after all, starting families and leaving a lasting legacy
written in bone.
Prof David Reich, a specialist in ancient DNA, who has begun sampling
1,000 new skeletons, said: “We see
changes in ancestry in the South East
by the Roman period compared to
1,000 years before. This means that
there must have been admixture into
the South East that did not affect the
North to the same extent. However, we
don’t know how this occurred. We are
just starting out on this project.”
MARTIN RICKETT/PA WIRE
Romans left
their mark on
British genes,
too, study finds
Leap of faith Fifteen-year-old Hannah Martin from Hove, West Sussex, Team England’s youngest athlete, flexes back her
neck as she performs a hoop routine in the Commonwealth Games rhythmic gymnastics competition in Australia.
A SPEAKER at the London Book Fair
has apologised for his “crass and offensive” language after introducing
Joanna Trollope as a woman he would
like to “snog”.
Trollope was taking part in a panel
discussion, and Tony Mulliken, chairman of the book fair’s public relations
firm, reportedly opened proceedings by
saying he had once read that Trollope
was “always looking for a great kiss”. He
went on: “I often see her in Kensington
and think I’d like to give her a snog.”
Clare Mackintosh, the bestselling
thriller writer, was in the audience and
tweeted her outrage in a series of posts
widely shared on social media.
She also made a formal complaint to
the book fair’s management and later
told The Bookseller the comment was
“grossly inappropriate” in the #MeToo
era. “I find it abhorrent that someone
introducing an author would gloss
over their professional achievements
in favour of their sexual attributes, particularly at an event designed to inspire
authors,” she said.
Mr Mulliken, chairman of Midas PR,
said in a statement: “I was wrong to introduce Joanna Trollope as I did… I
have the utmost respect for her and I
was trying to reference a recent interview Joanna Trollope gave in an irreverent and light-hearted way but I realise
that what I said not only missed that
mark, but it was crass and offensive… I
have apologised to Joanna directly and
unreservedly. I have also spoken to
Clare Mackintosh and apologised.”
Trollope declined to comment.
Divorcee seeking more cash is told she can ‘get a job’
By Patrick Sawer
AN ATTEMPT by a divorcee to have a
“meal ticket for life” backfired after a
judge ruled her maintenance payments
should cease after just three years.
Kim Waggott, 49, had been awarded
£9.76 million and £175,000 in annual
maintenance payments for the rest of
her life when she split from William,
her multimillionaire husband, after he
twice had affairs.
Unhappy, she went back to court and
asked for a £23,000 a year increase in
the maintenance payments. But Mr
Waggott, 54, has now successfully
challenged the original award, leaving
her with a fraction of what she wanted.
Lord Justice Moylan, at London’s Appeal Court, yesterday ordered the
£175,000 payments to stop in three
years’ time, rather than continuing till
their deaths, granting Mr Waggott a
“clean break” from his former wife.
He said that Mrs Waggott, the former
finance controller of UCI cinemas, will
not suffer “undue hardship” – and can
always get a job if she needs more
Kim Waggott lost a claim for extra divorce
money from William, her ex-husband
money. Mr Waggott, the finance director of TUI travel, had protested that the
ruling made by a divorce judge in 2014
was wrong and meant his wife had “no
financial incentive” to get back to work
and stop living off him.
The court heard that the couple, who
were married for 21 years and had one
daughter, lived in a “very substantial”
£4.3 million property near Great Missenden, Bucks, before splitting in 2012.
Following their divorce, Mrs Waggott bought a £2 million home near
Chester and a holiday home in the
Balearics, while Mr Waggott moved
into a £1.9 million farm near St Albans
“with another lady”. Nigel Dyer QC, for
Mr Waggott, argued that the maintenance order should end in two years
and that Mrs Waggott should get back
to work and start supporting herself.
“How long should an order based on
sharing last for? When does the meter
stop ticking?” he asked the judges. “It
is unfair to expect the husband to continue working long hours in demanding employment and not expect the
wife to realise her earning potential as
soon as is reasonably practicable.”
Rejecting her claim for the £23,000
rise and allowing the husband’s appeal,
Lord Justice Moylan said: “The expression ‘meal ticket for life’ can be used as
an unfair trope. But it is plain to me that
the wife would be able to adjust without undue hardship to the termination
of maintenance.”
He said she could make up the
“shortfall” by investing 10 per cent of
her huge payout and live off the interest and that if the money produced by
the investment was not enough to meet
her needs, “the wife would be able to
obtain employment”.
12
Thursday 12 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
***
News
Charges for ‘free UK delivery’ banned by watchdog
Victory for campaigners as
online shopping companies
are banned from charging
extra for rural deliveries
By Katie Morley
CONSUMER AFFAIRS EDITOR
ONLINE shoppers who live in rural
areas will no longer be charged for
“free UK delivery”, as the advertising
watchdog has moved to ban the
practice.
It comes after a surge in complaints
from shoppers in rural areas – particularly in parts of Scotland, Northern Ireland, Anglesey and the Isle of Wight
– who say they are being hit with additional charges for deliveries, despite
online shops advertising UK delivery
as “free”.
In February a Westminster committee on delivery charges in Scotland
heard that Amazon shoppers in remote
areas were paying up to 50 per cent
more to have items delivered than elsewhere in the UK.
The Committee of Advertising Practice (CAP), which is part of the Advertising Standards Authority regulatory
system, today announces a crackdown
to prevent companies from making
misleading delivery claims.
It means shops will no longer be able
to advertise “free UK delivery” and
then add on charges for difficult-toreach areas of the country at the end
of the online shopping process. Advertisers which continue to make misleading claims about free delivery after
May 31 will be reported to Trading
Standards and could be issued with
fines, CAP said.
In addition, advertising regulators
launched a separate investigation into
Amazon Prime’s “next day delivery”
claims last year.
It said it had received around 200
complaints from consumers about Amazon Prime’s one-day delivery claims,
prompting it to start the probe. Complainants said that the e-commerce
giant was misleading customers as it
was failing to deliver some of its items
on time.
Amazon Prime is a monthly subscription service which offers unlimited one-day deliveries to customers, as
well as inclusive music, film, and television streaming.
Guy Parker, the chief executive of
the Advertising Standards Authority,
said: “Companies must honour the
Rude? To us it’s
home, say Bell
Enders, as council
backs street name
Venerable steed
The Golden Horse
of Maoling has
joined other
artefacts from the
Han Dynasty at an
exhibition entitled
China’s First
Emperor and the
Terracotta Warriors
at Liverpool
Museum. The
horse, which is
made of gilded
bronze, was found
near the
mausoleum of
Emperor Wu, who
ruled from 141BC to
81BC, and its design
is thought to be
based on animals
he imported from
Uzbekistan and
Kyrgyzstan.
PAUL COOPER FOR THE TELEGRAPH
u The campaign to save the name of a
street called Bell End has prevailed.
The road will keep its sign after a
council said it had no plans to change it
There was a furore in Rowley Regis,
West Midlands, when some residents
complained the street’s “rude” name
made them a “laughing stock” and that
children were bullied for living there.
An online petition attracted only 100
signatures but Leave the Historic
Name of Bell End Alone, a rival
campaign, registered more than 4,800
supporters.
Linda George, a local historian, said
that the road is believed to be named
after a mine in the area.
She said: “My great uncle’s family
lived and kept a shop there, long after
his death in the First World War.
“None of today’s locals and those
that have long-standing family
connections that are known to me
want this pointless change. In fact they
find the suggestion that it should be
changed deeply offensive.”
Other reports suggest the name of
the road may come from a bell
attached to a hunting lodge belonging
to King John in the 12th century.
Sandwell council has said it has not
received printed copies of either
petition and does not have plans to
change the name of the road.
Chris Tranter, a local Labour
councillor, said: “Of course, it’s been
saved – nobody wants it changed.”
delivery claims they’re making or stop
making them. It’s simply not fair to
mislead people about whether parcels
can be delivered to them, or how much
it will cost.”
Shahriar Coupal, the CAP director,
added: “Our enforcement notice action
makes very clear that advertisers must
not mislead consumers by promising
‘free’ or ‘UK’ delivery when it turns out
that delivery is not free or the item
won’t be delivered if you live in certain
parts of the UK.”
Duty-free alcohol to be sealed on flights
Russian ate ‘bad’ food before his death
Judge sets date to end boy’s life support
u All alcohol bought at airport shops
will be placed in sealed bags under
government plans to crack down on
drunk passengers who disrupt flights.
Ministers are considering the move
to enforce a potential ban on travellers
drinking their own supply of alcohol
on flights. They are also considering
the introduction of tougher penalties
for drunkenness on aircraft and
uThe mistress of a Russian whistleblower told an inquest that he was
stressed, nervous and acting as if it
was his “last days of life” when they
were together the day before he died.
Elmira Medynska, 27, a former
model, told the Old Bailey by video
link from Paris that she had spent two
days in the French capital with
Alexander Perepilichnyy – who had
uA High Court judge has ruled when
doctors can end life support for Alfie
Evans, a toddler whose parents have
lost several legal attempts to keep him
alive. Tom Evans and Kate James, from
Liverpool, had wanted to take their
son abroad for treatment and said that
his condition was improving.
Doctors treating the 23-month-old
boy for a degenerative brain disease at
been helping uncover a Russian
money-laundering operation – and
that he had become sick after sending
food back because it tasted “bad” at
the Buddha Bar. He left her the next
morning to return to the £3 million
home in Weybridge, Surrey, he shared
with his wife and children and
collapsed while jogging later that day
in 2012. The inquest continues.
Alder Hey Children’s Hospital, say that
it is kinder to let him die. The High
Court last month ruled that life
support should be ended, but the
hospital took the case back to the court
because managers could not agree
with Alfie’s parents when the end
should come. Yesterday Mr Justice
Hayden set a date but ordered that it
not be published.
Night owls face earlier death
u Night owls – individuals who stay up
late and struggle to get out of bed in
the morning – are more likely to die
sooner than morning larks, the first
study into their death rates has found.
New research by the University of
Surrey and Northwestern University
in the US found that 10 per cent more
people who naturally stayed up late
died within the period covered by the
study, six-and-a-half years, than those
who preferred the morning.
Researchers said that the stress of
operating in a traditional nine-to-five
society was having a huge impact on
millions of people and could be
shortening their lives.
“This is a public health issue that
can no longer be ignored,” said Prof
Malcolm von Schantz of the University
of Surrey. “We should discuss allowing
evening types to start and finish work
later, where practical. And we need
more research about how we can help
evening types cope with the higher
effort of keeping their body clock in
synchrony with sun time.”
The research, involving nearly
500,000 Britons aged between 38 and
73, found that around 9 per cent
Spitting
image
James
Naughtie,
the BBC
radio and
news
presenter,
with a
portrait of
himself by
Brendan
Kelly, the
renowned
portrait
artist, at the
Scottish
National
Portrait
Gallery in
Edinburgh.
JANE BARLOW/PA WIRE
overhauling licensing laws for airside
premises in England and Wales.
The measures have been set out as
part of the Government’s work to
develop its new Aviation Strategy.
One in six people who have flown in
the past three years have witnessed
aggressive or drunken behaviour
while on board, according to research
by the Civil Aviation Authority.
considered themselves evening
people, while 27 per cent identified as
morning types. If extrapolated to the
entire UK population it would mean
some 5.8 million people were at greater
risk of early death because they were
out of sync with the environment.
“Night owls trying to live in a
morning lark world may have health
consequences for their bodies,” said
Kristen Knutson, associate professor
of neurology at Northwestern
University and the co-lead author.
The study was published in the
journal Chronobiology International.
Scampi shortage
will put up price of
a pub favourite
u Fans of traditional pub favourite
scampi and chips are facing a big rise
in prices.
A long-term drop in scampi tail
landings in UK waters has hit breaded
scampi supplies, experts said
yesterday. Scampi landings in key
fishing areas such as the Clyde and the
Irish Sea were down 18 per cent last
year, according to Whitby Seafoods.
The company, which buys three
quarters of all scampi tails landed in
the UK, said the situation had become
even worse this year, with scampi
landings in the two sea areas slumping
by 40 per cent in 2018.
Daniel Whittle, managing director
of the firm, said only 70 per cent of the
scampi quota was caught last year and
the shortages will equal about 100,000
tons a year, or 15 per cent of the firm’s
annual supply of scampi tails.
Mr Whittle said this had put up
wholesale prices by 11 per cent, a rise
that was bound to be passed on to
consumers. He told The Grocer:
“Increasing the cost to the consumer is
something we don’t do lightly. But as
the largest UK processor of scampi, it
is in our interest to have a sustainable
fishing fleet.”
NHS review aims to reduce cases of sexual abuse in hospitals
u NHS inspectors have launched a
national review of sexual abuse in
hospitals amid fears that patients are
being put at risk on mixed wards.
Inspectors have warned hospital
trusts to do more to protect patients,
after a trawl found more than 900
sexual incidents, including assault and
harassment, were recorded on mental
health wards in just three months.
The Care Quality Commission (CQC)
said a “substantial number” of services
were admitting men and women to the
same wards, despite the fact that this
should not be allowed.
Dr Paul Lelliott, deputy chief
inspector of hospitals, said staff at such
trusts had “a heightened responsibility
to ensure that patients are safe from
sexual harassment and sexual
violence”. The watchdog urged trusts
to review their handling of incidents,
and ensure sufficient action was being
taken to guarantee sexual safety on
their wards.
They also warned that some of the
incidents, passed on to the National
Reporting and Learning System,
appeared to have taken place on
same-sex wards.
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 12 April 2018
***
13
14
***
Thursday 12 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 12 April 2018
***
15
News
Man, 80, died
after waiting
23 hours for
an ambulance
Child stab
victims rise
by 63pc in
past five years
By Jack Maidment
POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT
THE number of children being treated
for stab wounds has increased by more
than 60 per cent in the last five years
with the biggest increase among
15-year-olds, according to NHS data.
Statistics showed 285 under-17s were
treated for “assaults with a sharp object” in England in 2016/17 compared
with 175 in 2012/13.
The 63 per cent hike was significantly higher than the overall rise in
the number of stabbings in England,
which was 14 per cent over the same
period. Meanwhile, the number of
15-year-olds treated for knife wounds
jumped from 52 to 96 – an increase of
85 per cent since 2012.
The statistics, reported by The Independent, came as the Government and
the nation’s police forces faced increas-
Mr Williams said that the ambulance
crew, when they arrived, had been
“brilliant” and “just trying to do their
job in a very difficult situation”.
“It’s not the ambulance crew’s fault,
they can’t do their jobs because of politics,” he said. “I feel sorry for the ambulance crews as they are doing two calls
a day because they are outside hospitals. The whole system is wrong.”
Jeff Morris, the Welsh Ambulance
Service’s operations manager for the
Abertawe Bro Morgannwg University
Health Board area, said: “We experienced considerable delays at hospitals
in the area on Tuesday as a result of
continued pressures across the whole
health system.
“We lost 101 hours because of handover delays at Morriston Hospital
alone, which is the equivalent of just
Pensioner’s sons blame
Labour for state of the
Welsh NHS system after
losing their father
By Francesca Marshall
THE son of an 80-year-old man who
died after waiting 23 hours for an ambulance says that politicians are presiding over a failing health system.
Darren Williams blames Labour,
which runs the NHS in Wales, where it
is devolved to the Welsh Government,
for the state of the health service after
his father John died on Sunday morning, four days after he was admitted to
Morriston Hospital in Swansea.
He had waited 23 hours for the ambulance to arrive after falling and hitting his head last Tuesday morning. His
son had dialled 999 that morning but
an ambulance did not arrive until
7.30am the next day.
Mr Williams then waited another
seven hours in the back of the ambulance outside the hospital before he
was admitted. His son said that the situation had left him feeling “bitter towards the system” and angry because
ambulance crews “can’t do their jobs
because of politics”.
Mr Williams had had to wait on the
same day that ambulance crews lost
101 hours sitting outside Morriston
Hospital because of delays handing
over patients as a result of “pressures
across the whole health system”,
according to the Welsh Ambulance
Service.
His son Darren, 48, a car salesman,
said: “I can’t help thinking that all this
has contributed to my father’s passing.
What should have happened in my
view is a rapid response paramedic
should have been with my dad within
40 minutes to an hour.
“He should have been assessed on
the kitchen floor and they could have
made the call from there. He might still
be with us. It is just unbelievable. How
many people are going to lose their
lives through this? Sooner or later it is
going to be a child.”
His father died on Sunday at 9.45am.
96
The number of 15-year-olds treated for
knife wounds in 2016/17, a rise of 85 per
cent since 2012
under nine emergency ambulance
crews unavailable to respond to patients for a whole shift. This meant
some patients, including Mr Williams,
unfortunately waited longer than we
would like for an ambulance, and we
appreciate how upsetting this must
have been for him and his family.”
A spokesman for Abertawe Bro Morgannwg University Health Board said
Mr Williams had been brought to Morriston Hospital with minor injuries after a fall at home. He was then assessed
in the emergency department, but doctors were unable to identify a reason
for his fall.
The spokesman added: “Later on, Mr
Williams’s general condition began to
deteriorate and, due to this, doctors
then decided to admit him to a ward for
further tests and observation.
“Unfortunately, Mr Williams’s health
continued to deteriorate; staff did all
they could to treat him but sadly he
died a few days later.” A full investigation will be carried out.
DARREN WILLIAMS/PA WIRE
Leigh and Darren
Williams believe that
the system is to
blame for their
father’s death
When John Williams did eventually arrive at hospital in Swansea he had to wait another seven hours in the back of the ambulance
Sports brand ‘glamorised crime’
in gang and drug-themed party
PUMA has been criticised for hosting a
drug and gang-themed party in central
London as the murder rate on the capital’s streets rose.
The sportswear brand sent out “trap
phones”, mimicking the pay-as-you-go
mobiles preferred by drug dealers because they are less traceable by police,
to the style “influencers” it wanted to
invite to the “House of Hustle” party.
Chosen attendees also received wads
of fake £50 notes with their invitation
to the party, which was held in an abandoned four-storey Soho town house.
Puma, which held the event with JD
Sports, gave out business cards reading
“turn on the trap line”. Trapping is the
selling and dealing of drugs – and is
thought to be behind much of the recent crime claiming the lives of young
people on London’s streets.
The party venue was covered in graffiti with dirty-looking mattresses on
the floor and blacked-out windows,
INSTAGRAM
By Helena Horton
Invitations to Puma’s ‘House of Hustle’
party were delivered via ‘trap phones’
with tattoo artists on standby to “ink”
people. Party-goers were encouraged
to use the hashtag #runthestreets on
Instagram and Twitter, a phrase associated with gang violence.
Amber Gilbert-Coutts, a London social worker, used Instagram to criticise
Puma, saying that the party irresponsibly promoted crime and violence.
She described the party as “far from
cool”, writing: “Adolescent drug deal-
ing so often results in violence, exacerbated deprivation and community
pain. In other areas of the capital that
night there were a staggering six stabbings in 90 minutes. We are not even a
quarter way through the year and in
London alone there have been 50 fatal
violent crimes. The vulnerable young
people – both girls and boys – who are
most at risk of becoming victims … are
those who are associated with gangs
and the related drug markets.”
Jessica O’Neill, volunteer coordinator at Mothers Against Violence, wrote:
“Puma shouldn’t be deceiving young
people or capitalising on the hashtag
#runthestreets.”
Headie One, a “drill” artist, performed at the event. Drill is a genre of
rap music that has been criticised as its
lyrics often glamorise stabbings and
shootings, and refer to real London
gangs. Headie One’s lyrics contain references to shooting rivals and other
violence. Puma and JD Sports have
been contacted for comment.
Nurse dies after
being caught in
acid attack crossfire
By Daily Telegraph Reporter
A NURSE died after being soaked with
sulphuric acid when she unwittingly
got caught up in a row, a court heard.
Joanne Rand, 47, was sitting on a
bench after visiting her daughter’s
grave in Frogmoor, High Wycombe,
Bucks, last June. Suddenly, a few feet
STEVE ELLIS / SWNS
Joanne Rand died 11
days after being
splashed with
sulphuric acid while
sitting on a bench
Stranger on a train A Tube passenger found themselves
face to face with Sir Cliff Richard on Tuesday night.
away, an opened bottle of the acid was
knocked from the hand of Xeneral
Webster, 19, who was having a row
over drugs with two other male teenagers. The acid spilt on to Ms Rand’s arm,
feet and hair, Reading Crown Court
heard. She was treated in hospital for
her burns, but died of sepsis 11 days
after being discharged.
Mr Webster, of west London, denies
murder and an alternative count of
manslaughter. The trial continues.
ing pressure to tackle violent crime.
The murder rate in London recently
went past 50 for the year with stabbing
the main cause, and 11 of those killed
were teenagers.
The scale of violence across the capital has placed its elected officials under intense scrutiny. Sadiq Khan, the
Labour Mayor of London, yesterday
joined police on a weapons sweep.
He was with officers in Thornton
Heath as they moved towards nearby
Croydon town centre, scouring the
area for hidden weapons.
The operation came after Mr Khan
hosted a cross-party summit on violent
crime at City Hall on Tuesday, attended
by Cressida Dick, Metropolitan Police
Commissioner, and Amber Rudd, the
Home Secretary.
Earlier this week it emerged that the
true extent of knife crime could be
worse than previously thought because police have been failing to properly record it. The Government’s
Serious Violence Strategy report revealed that police forces in England
and Wales do not measure violent knife
crime in the same way as other offences
such as robbery and burglary.
It means that the true scale of violence involving knives may have been
under-reported for almost a century,
after experts confirmed that officers
had been measuring other crimes in
more detail since 1927.
16
Thursday 12 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
***
World news
Documents reveal Nazis planned total destruction of Warsaw
By Matthew Day in Warsaw
HISTORIANS in Poland have acquired
Third Reich documents that they believe provide evidence of a Nazi “criminal plan” to obliterate Warsaw by aerial
bombing during the war.
Hospitals, water systems, traffic arteries and even a vodka factory are
marked in the documents, suggesting
the Nazis from the outset intended to
inflict maximum civilian casualties and
disrupt civil life in their new style of total war for the first time.
Jewish areas of the Polish capital also
feature in the documents. The city as a
whole seems to have been subjected to
a meticulous plan of destruction rather
than indiscriminate bombing. Historians from the Warsaw Uprising museum describe the files as significant.
“They are in a very good condition
and we’ve never had anything like this
in a museum,” said Katarzyna Utracka.
From Sept 1 1939 to Warsaw’s surrender 26 days later, German forces carried out a massive aerial bombardment
that destroyed 25 per cent of the city
and killed about 18,000 civilians.
The two files of documents, both
marked secret and packed with yellowing photographs and papers, appear to
date back to October or November
1939. The first contains plans and maps
from before the war detailing potential
targets even in some cases stating the
thickness of walls. The second one has
100 pictures of destroyed buildings in
what appears to be an assessment by
the Germans of their plans.
“The documents are very important
because if you see so many of them together in one place you can see that
there was a plan,” said Rafal Szczepanski, the owner of the files. The files
were found by Jaroslaw Zielinski, a
Warsaw historian and friend of Mr Szczepanski, who set up the Foundation
for the Remembrance of the Heroes of
the Warsaw Uprising. Mr Zielinski had
seen them for sale on eBay in German.
Who the seller was and where the
files have been for close to 80 years remains a mystery.
By Richard Orange in Malmö
SWEDEN’S King Carl XVI Gustaf has
moved to break a deadlock at the scandal-hit committee that awards the Nobel Literature Prize, unveiling a plan to
make it easier for members to resign.
The king, whose forebear Gustav III
founded the Swedish Academy in 1786,
announced the rare activation of his
royal powers in a statement released by
the court.
In his statement, the king said: “It is
my conviction that the monarch has
authority over the statutes of the Swedish Academy which my predecessor
Gustav III established. In the light of
King Carl XVI Gustaf
has said he will
consider using royal
powers to change
academy members’
right to exit
recent developments, I am going to
consider the need to supplement these
statutes, including those concerning
the right to exit.”
The academy’s 18 members are
elected for life. But last week, three
announced that they were vacating
their seats in protest at a vote not to
expel the poet Katarina Frostenson,
deepening a long-running conflict.
Jean-Claude Arnault, Frostenson’s
husband, has been accused of sexual
harassment, financial improprieties,
and leaking the names of at least seven
Nobel Prize winners, including Bob
Dylan in 2016. Changing the statutes
would allow the three men to be replaced, and might make it easier for
Frostenson herself to resign. The crisis
at the academy began in November
when, spurred on by the #metoo movement, 18 women published a letter in
the Dagens Nyheter newspaper accusing Arnault of sexually harassing them.
The academy quickly cut all ties and
funding to the French photographer
and hired the law firm Hammarskiöld
& Co to investigate the accusations,
which he has denied.
Earlier this spring, Hammarskiöld
reported that Arnault had leaked the
names of seven Nobel Prize winners,
claiming the finding was backed by
“several witnesses that were trustworthy and independent of one another”.
The firm also reported that among
other financial improprieties, he had
failed to declare that he was part owner
of The Forum, a venue in Stockholm
that received academy funding.
According to the investigation,
which has been obtained in part by Dagens Nyheter, Arnault began secretly
disclosing winners in advance back in
1996, when he revealed that Wislawa
Szymborska, the Polish poet, had won.
The newspaper says the law firm believes he leaked the names of winners
in 2004, 2005, 2008, 2014 and 2015.
Sara Danius, the academy’s secretary, said the academy would not report Arnault, but on Sunday Swedish
police said that he had been reported
by another group or individual.
On Tuesday, however, the Swedish
Economic Crime Authority said that it
did not plan to launch an investigation.
In his statement, the king called on
members to end their dispute. “It is
crucial that all involved now realise
their responsibility for the institution
and contribute to resolving the conflicts,” he said. “For members of the
academy, responsibility for the institution must always be paramount.”
FRANCOIS GUILLOT/AFP/GETTY IMAGES
King of Sweden
could use royal
powers to break
Nobel deadlock
Full immersion The first digital art centre in Paris, l’Atelier des Lumières, opens tomorrow with superimposed exhibitions
that feature the work of Austrian painters Gustav Klimt and Friedensreich Hundertwasser projected from floor to ceiling.
Macron’s TV charm offensive to counter wave of protests
By Henry Samuel in Paris
EMMANUEL MACRON is to launch a
media charm offensive today in a bid to
convince millions of French people
that his reforms are bearing fruit.
The president will at lunchtime give
the first of two crunch interviews in
the space of four days as his government faces a string of disparate protest
movements across the country.
Rail workers have threatened to
ramp up their three-month rolling
strike, students have been demonstrating over educational reforms and lawyers and judges have staged a “day of
dead justice” in protest at moves to
consolidate their profession.
Public sector workers have also announced they will be staging a day of
protests against cuts next month.
In a bold move, the first interview
will take place in a school in the Norman village of Berd’huis, population
1,079, which placed Marine Le Pen, the
far-Right Front National leader, in pole
position in the first round of last year’s
presidential elections.
The president will be speaking to
Jean-Pierre Pernaut, the anchorman of
TV channel TF1’s lunchtime news programme with the highest viewer ratings in Europe – around five million.
Pernaut is the self-styled defender of
“La France profonde” and his news
hour caters to pensioners, the working
class, the unemployed and rural communities. Polls suggest these are the
least convinced by Mr Macron’s call for
a “start-up nation” and most concerned
about scaling back public services.
On Sunday, Mr Macron will face a
grilling from Edwy Plenel, a former
Trotskyite and founder of Mediapart,
the Leftist investigative website, along
with Jean-Jacques Bourdin, a favourite
with conservative shopkeepers and
small business holders.
German billionaire missing in Swiss Alps
By Our Foreign Staff
THE billionaire chief of Germany’s
Tengelmann retail group has gone
missing while skiing in the Swiss Alps,
the company said yesterday, although
searchers have not given up hope of
finding him.
A company spokesperson said that
Roma chief
says sorry for
fountain dip
By Nick Squires in Rome
THE American chairman of
one of Italy’s biggest football
clubs found himself in hot
water after doing a backflip
into a Renaissance fountain
in Rome to celebrate his
team’s historic win.
James Pallotta, the president of AS Roma, tumbled
into the fountain in Piazza
del Popolo after his team
pulled off a stunning comeback to knock Barcelona out
of the Champions League.
As he took the dip late on
Tuesday night, just after the
match ended, fans cheered,
clapped and chanted “Forza
Roma” (Go Roma).
But the exuberant stunt
was met with indignation by
some Italians, with Codacons, a consumer group, demanding that Mr Pallotta be
fined.
“There is a €500 (£435)
fine for anyone jumping into
historic fountains in Rome.
Hundreds of tourists have
been sanctioned in this way
in recent years and the same
treatment should be meted
out to the president of
Roma,” they said in a statement.
Yesterday, Mr Pallotta, 60,
called Virginia Raggi, the
mayor of Rome, and apologised, saying he would pay
any fines imposed.
Mr Pallotta then went a
step further and pledged to
donate €230,000 (£200,000)
for the restoration of a historic fountain outside the
Pantheon.
“He’s decided to make an
extremely generous gesture
to the city,” Ms Raggi said
after a meeting with the
businessman.
“search teams on the scene are doing
everything they can” to find Karl-Erivan Haub, 58, after he failed to return
from a ski excursion on Saturday.
Christian Haub, who manages the
Tengelmann group with Karl-Erivan,
wrote in a letter to employees: “My
brother is a very experienced ski
mountaineer, so despite the time that
has passed since [his disappearance]
we aren’t giving up hope of finding him
soon.”
Mr Haub set off at a height of 3,800
metres (12,470 feet) at the peak of the
Klein Matterhorn mountain. It was reported that he was training for the “Patrouille”, a ski mountaineering race
organised by the Swiss army.
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 12 April 2018
**
17
World news
Pundits speculate that
Paul Ryan may be
positioning himself
for presidential bid
By Rozina Sabur in Washington
PAUL RYAN, the speaker of the House
of Representatives, has announced he
will not be seeking re-election in November, in a blow to Republican confidence ahead of the race.
The departure of Mr Ryan, the most
senior Republican in the House and
their biggest fundraiser, is the most
prominent in a series of retirements
among the party in recent months.
The lawmaker denied that the party’s uphill battle to maintain control of
Capitol Hill had driven his decision,
saying he was relinquishing his role to
spend more time with his wife and
three children.
“I have been a member of Congress
for almost two decades. My kids
weren’t even born when I was elected,”
Mr Ryan said.
“What I realise is, if I’m here for one
more term, my kids will only have ever
known me as a weekend dad.
“I just can’t let that happen, so I will
be setting new priorities in my life.”
Some will see Mr Ryan’s retirement
as a sign of the uncertainty over
whether the party can maintain control
of the House in November’s elections.
More than 40 Republican representatives are leaving the chamber, and Mr
Ryan’s departure is likely to have an
impact on the party’s morale. Just
weeks ago, Eric Cantor, the former
House majority leader and a friend of
Mr Ryan, told The Washington Post:
“The notion that Paul Ryan is just going to abdicate and leave is preposterous … it would be a signal of surrender”.
Allies of Mr Ryan insisted that he
was simply committed to spending
time with his family.
The Wisconsin representative has
been a prolific fundraiser, bringing in
more than $54 million (£38 million) in
donations for the 2018 election, and
some fear he may now slow down his
efforts before his January 2019 exit.
His departure may also trigger a civil
war between Republicans for the cherished role, with Kevin McCarthy and
Steve Scalise, Mr Ryan’s deputies, reported to be engaged in a silent struggle to become the next House leader.
Once referred to as America’s most
popular Republican, Mr Ryan got off to
a rocky start with the US president –
distancing himself from Donald Trump
when he was a presidential candidate.
In the end, the 48-year-old opted to
put the party above his personal views.
Just before the 2016 election, Mr
Ryan confirmed he had voted for “our
candidate”, choosing not to refer to Mr
Trump by name.
However, in office, Mr Ryan worked
closely with the Trump administration
to deliver the Republican tax bill in December, for which Mr Trump expressed his gratitude.
The president tweeted yesterday:
“Speaker Paul Ryan is a truly good
man, and while he will not be seeking
J.SCOTT APPLEWHITE/AP
Republicans
in disarray as
speaker quits
‘for his family’
Paul Ryan, the
speaker of the
House, tells
reporters he will
not run for
re-election
re-election, he will leave a legacy of
achievement that nobody can question. We are with you, Paul.”
Mr Ryan has enjoyed a 20-year career in Congress since he was first
elected to the House in 1998. Despite
claiming he “did not want” the job, he
was made speaker in 2015 when John
Boehner, his predecessor, retired.
The lawmaker has been touted as a
future presidential candidate, given his
relative youth and his national name
recognition after running alongside
Mitt Romney in the 2012 election.
Political pundits yesterday speculated on whether Mr Ryan’s retirement
is paving the way for a presidential bid.
They noted that Mr Ryan did not rule
out a future career in politics, saying
instead: “This year will be my last one
‘He will leave
a legacy of
achievement
that nobody
can question’
as a member of the House,” and outlining the work still to be done.
Representative Nancy Pelosi, his
Democratic counterpart, paid tribute
to Mr Ryan. “The speaker has been an
avid advocate for his point of view and
for the people of his district,” she said
in a statement. “Despite our differences, I commend his steadfast commitment to our country.”
FBI raid on Trump’s lawyer sought records related to infamous Access Hollywood tape
By Rozina Sabur in Washington
THE FBI sought to collect all records
relating to the infamous Donald Trump
Access Hollywood tape when they
raided his lawyer’s offices on Monday,
it was reported last night.
The raid sent shock waves through
Washington and New York and infuriated Mr Trump, who sees Mr Cohen –
his long-serving lawyer and “fixer” – as
akin to family. It is not clear what role,
if any, Mr Cohen has played with the
tape, in which Mr Trump is heard saying of women that he likes to “grab ‘em
by the p----”.
The search warrant also sought evidence of whether Mr Cohen tried to
suppress damaging information about
Mr Trump during the 2016 presidential
campaign, The New York Times said.
The fact agents were seeking docu-
ments related to the tape reveals a new
front in the investigation into Mr Cohen that is being led by the United
States attorney’s office in Manhattan.
It comes as James Comey, the former
FBI director, compared the US president to a “mob boss” in an interview
ahead of the release of his new book.
Mr Comey was fired by Donald
Trump last May and is promoting A
Higher Loyalty, his book, which is be-
Protesters carry civilian corpses
‘killed by UN soldiers’ to mission
By Our Foreign Staff
HUNDREDS of angry demonstrators
yesterday laid the bodies of at least 16
people killed in clashes in the Central
African Republic’s capital in front of
the UN mission headquarters.
It followed a four-hour gun battle
between UN peacekeepers, local security forces and armed groups in a Muslim enclave of the majority Christian
city of Bangui.
The Central African Republic, one of
the world’s poorest and most unstable
countries, has been mired in a cycle of
ethnic and religious violence since
2013. UN and CAR forces had been attempting to dismantle bases in the PK5
neighbourhood, leaving one Rwandan
peacekeeper dead and eight others injured after fighting on Tuesday, the UN
mission, known as MINUSCA, said.
The demonstrators, who blame UN
soldiers for firing on residents protesting against the operation, carried the
bodies wrapped in cloth to MINUSCA’s
gates. They shouted and carried signs
as armed peacekeepers stood before
the entrance to the fortified compound.
“We, ourselves, no longer understand anything. Does their mission
consist of shooting at civilians?” said
one demonstrator, who gave his name
only as Youssouf.
Vladimir Monteiro, a MINUSCA
spokesman, said its troops had been
targeting criminal gangs and denied
they had fired at civilians. “The Muslim
community asked our troops to launch
the operation and put an end to the
criminal activities,” Mr Monteiro said.
Atahirou Balla Dodo, the mayor of
the district in which PK5 is located,
said a total of 21 people were killed in
the clashes. Seventeen were brought to
the mission, while four others, including two women and two children, had
remained at a mosque.
257 die as military
plane crashes in
flames on take-off
TIZIANA FABI/PA
By Our Foreign Staff
The shepherd and his flock Pope Francis met three
llamas and their handlers who had made a pilgrimage
from Italy’s northern border to the Vatican on foot.
MORE than 250 people, including refugees, were killed yesterday when the
military plane they were on crashed
near Algeria’s capital.
Witnesses said that they had seen
one of its wings on fire shortly after the
Ilyushin Il-76 transport plane took off
from Boufarik aiport, south-west of Algiers, and that the pilot had steered the
stricken plane away from a road.
It had been bound for Tindouf, on
the border with Western Sahara, and
26 of the dead had been members of
the Polisario Front, an Algerian-backed
group fighting for the independence of
Western Sahara, a territory also
claimed by Morocco.
In all 257 people were confirmed
dead, including 10 crew members and
other people described as their family.
A number of survivors were being
treated at an army hospital, the Algerian defence ministry said.
Daughter faked cancer to pay for partying
By Jonathan Pearlman in Sydney
A WOMAN who told her parents that
she was dying from cancer and needed
money for treatment abroad spent the
£23,000 they raised from friends on
drugs, parties and holidays.
Hanna Dickenson was 19 when she
convinced her parents that she had
weeks to live and needed money for
life-saving treatment. Her parents,
who are farmers, asked their friends
and neighbours to help.
Nathan and Rachel Cue, who were
neighbours, remortgaged their home
and donated $11,000 (£6,000) but went
to police after seeing photographs that
Dickenson, of Victoria, Australia, had
posted on Facebook in which she was
drinking and partying.
Dickenson was charged with obtaining property by deception and pleaded
guilty to seven charges. Describing her
offence as “despicable”, a magistrate in
Victoria sentenced her to three months
in jail, 150 hours of community work
and treatment for mental health issues
and substance abuse.
“It smacks of a Walter Mitty kind of
lifestyle,” said magistrate David
Starvaggi. “Ms Dickenson engaged in
conduct that tears at the very heartstrings of human nature.”
ing published on Tuesday. The sacking
of the FBI chief is seen as one of Mr
Trump’s most controversial decisions
and led to questions over whether it
amounted to obstruction of justice –
one of the grounds for impeachment.
US network ABC News has released
a trailer of the interview, in which the
former intelligence chief is asked:
“How strange is it for you to sit here
and compare the president to a mob
boss?” The interview, which airs in the
US on Sunday evening, is “going to
shock the president and his team”, a
source told the political website Axios.
The source added that the revelations left people in the room “stunned”.
The firing of Mr Comey, who was
leading the Russia probe at the time, is a
key event being looked at by Robert
Mueller, the special counsel appointed
to take over control of the investigation.
Since the raid on Mr Cohen’s office, Mr
Trump has publicly speculated about
firing Mr Mueller, saying: “I think it’s
really a sad situation. Many people
have said you should fire him [Mueller].”
Senior Republicans have warned the
president against such a move, as it
would raise further questions over
whether Mr Trump was attempting to
obstruct the Russia investigation.
18
Thursday 12 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
**
FIRDAUS HADZRI/MATTIA PASSARINI/HIROKI INOUE/NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC
World news
Pictures, perfect
Early entries in the
National Geographic
Travel Photographer
of the Year contest
include Firdaus
Hadzri’s picture of two
sisters in India, Mattia
Passarini’s photo of
the Mundari tribe’s
cattle in Sudan and
Hiroki Inoue’s image
of illuminated cherry
blossom in Tokyo.
30 years’ jail for stillbirth, now I’ll change law
By Jo Tuckman in San Salvador
NINE months’ pregnant, Teodora
Vásquez woke up on the day she would
lose her second child concerned that
the baby wasn’t moving. By early evening she was crumpled with pain as she
finished her shift at the cafeteria of a
private school in San Salvador.
Ms Vásquez called for an ambulance
but waited for three hours and by that
time had given birth to a dead baby girl
in the lavatory. When she staggered out
to look for help she was met by a police
officer who accused her of murder.
Six months later Ms Vásquez was
sentenced to 30 years for aggravated
homicide. After 10 years and seven
months in jail she walked free in February, her sentence commuted, and finally hugged the teenage boy she had
barely seen since he was a toddler.
“My son gave me the strength to
keep going while I was inside, even
though I didn’t see him,” the softly-spoken 35-year-old told The Daily Telegraph a month after her release. “I had
lost one child, and I was not prepared
to lose the other.”
Her son, who she describes as beautiful, was brought up by his grandparents while she was in jail.
“He says that he is proud of me.
Proud to have a mother like me. And
we want to make the most of the time
we now have together.”
Ms Vásquez was jailed because of El
Salvador’s anti-abortion legislation that
outlaws all terminations without exception, and implements the legislation
with a crusading zeal that seems intent
on equating not just abortions, but any
obstetric emergencies, with murder.
There are no official statistics on the
number of women imprisoned for such
crimes. The activist organisation that
helped secure Ms Vásquez’s release,
known as the Citizen’s Group, has to
rely on word of mouth to identify cases.
Monica Herrera, who heads the
group, says there are currently 24
women in prison serving sentences
ranging from six to 35 years, and an-
For women in countries that restrict
access to reproductive healthcare the
stigma attached to abortion or stillbirth
is great. For five years Ms Vásquez told
nobody why she was in prison for fear
of being beaten up. She only realised
she was not alone when lawyers from
Citizen’s Group sought her out, along
with other prisoners in similar situa-
JOSE CABEZAS/REUTERS
The extreme abortion
legislation that put Teodora
Vásquez behind bars faces a
historic vote in El Salvador
Teodora Vásquez celebrates with supporters after her release from jail in February
other 19-year-old accused of attempted
homicide and facing a possible 15-year
sentence after she gave birth to her
stepfather’s child in a latrine. The baby
was found alive.
The country is now facing a historic
vote in parliament that would decriminalise abortion – but only in the case of
rape, danger to the mother’s health, or
life-threatening fetal impairment. The
vote is likely to be close.
El Salvador has one of the world’s
most extreme abortion laws, but a recent report by US women’s rights
group the Guttmacher Institute highlights 64 other countries that either
prohibit all abortions, or only allow
them in order to save a woman’s life.
‘Every one of us who was
in prison for these crimes
was poor and came from a
rural area. Every one’
tions. We began to lose our fear a little
because there were more of us,” she
recalled. “We started to talk about it
and that helped. It helped me to get
those feelings out so that when I finally
left prison I wasn’t eaten up by anger,
resentment and hate.”
And poverty also made things worse.
Vásquez didn’t see her son for the last
four years of her incarceration because
her family couldn’t afford the time or
money to do the onerous paperwork required, or make the long journey from
Hard labour for
soldiers in massacre
By Nicola Smith ASIA CORRESPONDENT
SEVEN Burmese soldiers have been
sentenced to 10 years of hard labour for
their role in a massacre of Rohingya
Muslim men.
The sentence for “contributing and
participating in murder” of 10 men in
the village of Inn Din in Burma’s northwestern Rakhine state last September
will be carried out at a “remote location”.
However, two Burmese journalists
who helped bring the massacre to light
through their investigations remain
behind bars. WA Lone, 31, and Kyaw So
Oo, 28, were arrested in December and
face charges of violating the country’s
Official Secrets Act.
Their case has drawn widespread
condemnation from the US, United Nations and wider international community.
The Burmese military made the rare
admission about the soldiers’ involvement in the mass killing in January, just
weeks after the reporters had been detained, and before the publication of a
searing report by Reuters in February.
The murders were part of a larger
military crackdown on the Rohingya,
that began in response to insurgent
attacks on security forces in August.
The reprisals have since caused almost
700,000 Muslims to flee to Bangladesh
amid allegations of mass murder, rape
and arson.
The US and UN have described the
situation as ethnic cleansing – a charge
the Burmese regime denies.
However, the defence ministry
claimed earlier this year that 10 suspected terrorists had been killed in the
700,000
The number of Rohingya Muslims who fled
to Bangladesh from a campaign of “ethnic
cleansing”, a charge denied by Burma
village in Maungdaw Township on Sept
1, after the military had rushed to protect frightened Buddhist villagers and
were attacked by a mob with sticks and
swords.
As troops were overstretched while
trying to maintain peace “the decision
was made to kill them at the cemetery”
rather than take them to the police station, said the ministry.
In a statement, it described how villagers had dug a pit and the men were
ordered into it before being shot.
Farmer invites neighbours
to eat their own dead dog
By Our Foreign Staff
A SOUTH KOREAN farmer killed and
cooked a neighbour’s barking dog before inviting its unsuspecting owner to
join him for a dog-meat dinner.
The 62-year-old unnamed man confessed to the crime and claimed he was
so irritated by the dog’s constant barking that he threw a stone at the twoyear-old Welsh corgi, resulting in the
animal losing consciousness.
“Only after the dog passed out, he
claims, he strangled the animal and
cooked it,” a detective in the southern
city of Pyeongtaek said.
“The man then invited his neighbours to share the meal, including the
father of the dog-owning family.”
Dog meat has long been a part of
South Korean cuisine. But consumption has declined as the population embraces the idea of dogs as pets instead
of livestock. Eating them is now seen as
taboo among younger generations.
The case gained publicity when the
family’s daughter published an online
plea calling for support to punish the
offender.
“We had been all around the town,
handing out leaflets containing the
dog’s picture and rewards of 1 million
won [£660],” the daughter said.
“When I reached the man’s house,
which is just three doors down from
ours, he expressed sympathy, promising to let us know if he found the dog”.
At that time, however, the farmer
was hiding the dog in his barn, she said.
“He even invited neighbours to
come share the dog meat, including my
father who did not accept the invitation
as he is a non-dog-meat eater”, she said.
Activists have stepped up campaigns
to ban dog consumption. Under a
newly strengthened law, animal abusers face up to two years in prison or 20
million won (£13,200) in fines.
their village to the prison in the capital.
“Every one of us who was in prison
for these crimes was poor and came
from a rural area,” she said. “Every one.”
When she finally did hear that she
had been released it took a while for the
news to sink in.
“I couldn’t believe it. I read that piece
of paper about 20,000 times until I was
absolutely sure that I hadn’t read it
wrong,” she says.
Vásquez says she bears no grudges
because she is too busy enjoying her
freedom. But, she also wants to change
things so that young women can avoid
the kind of suffering she endured.
“I changed in prison and now I think
that we women have the right to decide
what happens to us,” says the woman
who entered prison with three years of
primary schooling and now plans to
become a lawyer. “Now I think that if
somebody gets pregnant and doesn’t
want to have the child, then that is
something personal to them.”
She adds: “They committed a real
injustice with me but I don’t want to
feel resentment. I don’t want revenge. I
don’t want any of that, because it would
take away the time I have now.”
WORLD BULLETIN
Indonesia targets illegal
alcohol after 100 deaths
Deaths from drinking bootleg alcohol
in Indonesia have exceeded 100 this
month, police have said, as they vowed
a crackdown on the makers and
distributors of black market liquor.
Muhammad Syafruddin, the deputy
national police chief, said the deaths
were concentrated in the province of
West Java and Jakarta, the capital.
Mr Syafruddin said tests on the
illegal alcohol showed that it contained methanol, a potentially lethal
byproduct of bootleg distilling.
Wife of detained lawyer
put under house arrest
The wife of a detained Chinese human
rights lawyer who had nearly finished
a 60-mile march to highlight her
husband’s plight said she had been
placed under house arrest yesterday.
Wang Quanzhang, her husband, was
an attorney who represented political activists and disappeared in a 2015
police sweep. Li Wenzu began the
march last week, going from Beijing to
the No 2 Detention Centre in Tianjin,
where officials last said Mr Wang was
being held.
‘I’m proud of my crimes’
says Serbian war criminal
A UN war crimes court yesterday
overturned the acquittal of Serbian
politician Vojislav Seselj on charges of
persecution and inhumane acts.
He was found guilty and sentenced
to 10 years in prison, but since he has
spent 12 years in pre-trial detention the
penalty was considered already served.
Seselj, 63, founder of the nationalist
Serbian Radical Party, said: “I am
proud of all my war crimes and crimes
against humanity and am ready to
repeat them.”
Azerbaijan president
re-elected after boycott
Ilham Aliyev, the Azerbaijani president,
secured a fourth consecutive term in a
snap election boycotted by the main
opposition parties, exit polls showed.
An Aliyev victory was widely seen
as a foregone conclusion with the
Caspian state’s opposition unable to
mount a serious challenge to his
authoritarian rule. Aliyev received 83
per cent of the vote according to a
government-commissioned exit poll.
Opposition parties have said the
elections are a sham and accused the
authorities of preparing to rig the vote.
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 12 April 2018
***
19
20
Thursday 12 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
***
Comment
As long as you
are living in the
past, you are
bang up to date
HANNAH BETTS
L
adies and gentleman,
the impossible has
happened. CDs, those
much-maligned rings of
polycarbonate plastic
despised by musos for being
soulless, corporate and
textureless, have officially
become cool. Where once
hipsters boasted about their
12-inch collections, or went
to anally retentive efforts to
produce mix tapes, now the
fashionable clearly Frisbee
discs at each other to prove
their indestructibility.
For royalties from the sale
of CDs, in decline since the
onset of the digital era two
decades ago, edged up 0.7
per cent in 2017 – a sure
sign of burgeoning cool-kid
interest that will have us all
back obsessed with them in
12 months’ time.
And that’s not all on the
nostalgia front. Last year,
an exhibition in London’s
Olympic Park – 64 Bits – cast
a dewy eye over the web of
yesteryear, with such
seminal moments as the
world’s first Pizza Hut
purchase. Meanwhile an
Oxford psychologist,
Professor Charles Spence,
has suggested that the
fondue revival taking
John Lewis by storm is
attributable to Brexit, global
insecurity and a hankering
for the comfort foods of our
youth. Those of us old
enough to have done some
of this stuff first time around
will raise the usual eyebrow
at this sort of malarkey.
For my part, I’ll happily
dig out my CDs, not least as
my most up-to-date
technology remains a
radio-cum-CD player.
(What? CDs are invincible
and can also be used as
coasters.)
I remember when I was
first introduced to the
internet – at an Oxford
seminar in 1992 – thinking:
“Christ, this crazy military
sh*t is never going to
catch on.” Whereas today
I would obviously top
myself were the Zara site
even temporarily
unavailable. As a hoary Gen
X-er, it is a challenge to
explain to millennials how
one could be a student
before the advent of mobile
phones. “But, how did you
have sex?” they demand.
Answer: we left messages on
a noticeboard to arrange
assignations, a sort of
primitive sext. I unearthed
one recently. It ran: “Betts,
come outside and have a
snog.”
Given that retro realms
are never quite in sync, the
challenge must surely be to
work out which era must be
emulated within which
lifestyle category.
Accordingly, for the most
bracingly au courant,
technology is clearly stuck
in the Nineties; fashion
lurking in the swaggeringshouldered Eighties; food
harking back to Seventies’
simplicity; while interior
design hovers somewhere in
the Sixties, all wicker,
rattan, fringing, wall
hangings and lurid paint
jobs. Put it all together and
one achieves the perfect
pinnacle of modishness.
Prof Spence is right:
there’s a degree of thumb
sucking while assuming an
embryo position in all this,
not least when we feel that
the world is going to hell in
a handcart, as everyone
always does. Punk svengali
Malcolm McLaren dismissed
nostalgia as “a notion of
boredom,” in which “the old
will always look cute”. But,
then, punk itself is looking
pretty cute 40 years on. And
there are eco advantages to
be had in the recycling of
fashion, tech and knickknackery in our otherwise
throwaway world.
I saw a play this week in
which twentysomethings
pretended to be oldsters by
adding talc to their hair,
groaning whenever they
stood up, and lamenting that
their lives were over with
nothing to show for it. The
hero was 49 – two years
older than me. Clearly, I
may myself be about to
become retro chic.
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It is time to cut Mark Zuckerberg
and the tech titans down to size
Social media firms are
letting criminals and
extremists do as they
please. It cannot continue
NICK
TIMOTHY
F
or years, Mark Zuckerberg,
the chief executive of
Facebook, has been treated
like a giant. In fact he is 5’7”
and, as he appeared before
Congress in Washington
this week, he used a booster cushion
to appear tall on television.
It was not quite the emperor’s new
clothes, but the Zuckerberg cushion is
a perfect metaphor for the ways in
which Facebook – and other tech
companies – dodge taxes, avoid
regulation and refuse to take
responsibility for their actions. They
have convinced us all, politicians
especially, that they are bigger than
they really are: too big for nation states
to handle, too complex to understand,
and too virtuous for us to worry about.
There is a lot to worry us. Because
these companies are different to
anything we have known before, and
governments have been slow to react
to the changes they bring. Many of
these changes are complex, but they
are serious and cannot be ignored.
On social media sites right now,
paedophiles are grooming victims and
sharing vile images of sexual abuse.
Children are being bullied on
Snapchat. Dealers are selling drugs on
Instagram. Extremists are sharing
hate-filled, radicalising messages on
YouTube. Facebook is allowing
advertisers to discriminate against
people on the basis of their race and
religion. Even when it comes to
terrorism, these firms shirk their duty.
Before the murder of Lee Rigby in
2013, his killer, Michael Adebowale,
had his Facebook account taken down
because the company believed it was
“associated with terrorism”. Yet it
refused to warn the authorities.
When governments confront the
social media giants about these
problems, two excuses always come
up: their commitment to free speech,
and the supposed technological
impossibility of identifying dangerous
content. Neither is convincing. As the
algorithm that identified Adebowale’s
interest in terrorism showed, it is
possible to build systems that identify
problematic behaviour. Nobody
expects these systems to be flawless,
but companies that can ascertain their
users’ favourite music, voting intention,
sexuality and taste in clothes, can also
build systems that reflect the needs of
society rather than simply maximising
advertising revenues.
Likewise, the big tech commitment
to free speech is not unwavering.
Testifying before Congress, Zuckerberg
did not deny claims by whistleblowers
that Facebook excludes stories
popular with conservatives from its
lists of trending topics.
The principled libertarianism of
Silicon Valley is a myth, perpetuated
to get governments off the backs of
business. They may write highminded mission statements and claim
to be solving the world’s intractable
problems, but most libertarians would
baulk at the power these companies
wield, their attitude to privacy, and
their anti-competitive practices.
Facebook has 2.2 billion monthly
active users. More than 50 per cent of
Americans, and almost the same
percentage of Britons, get news from
social media, with Facebook the most
popular source. By the end of the year,
90 per cent of new US digital
advertising spending is likely to go to
Facebook and Google alone. This puts
huge power in their hands, and it was
this – and the controversy about
Facebook and Cambridge Analytica’
– that prompted Zuckerberg to be
called before Congress.
Many of the news reports about this
controversy are over-hyped. All
political campaigns – Republican and
Democrat, Conservative and Labour,
Leave and Remain – target voters
online. The information gathered for
the Trump campaign was not hacked
but made available because of
Facebook’s inappropriate data usage
policies. And the worst allegations
about Cambridge Analytica were
about sex and blackmail: a decidedly
analogue form of corruption.
But with the emotion caused by the
election of President Trump, and the
success of the Brexit campaign, we are
missing the bigger picture, because
from a democratic perspective there
are two big problems to resolve.
First, there are significant questions
arising from Facebook’s massive
market share, and its increasing role in
disseminating news. How do we know
it is neutral? How will we protect highquality journalism? How can we
prevent the circulation of fake news?
Second, we need to understand the
effects of data-led voter targeting on
political debate and our democracy. If
communication with voters is reduced
to millions of different personalised
micro-messages, there will be little or
no meaningful national conversation,
pulling our divided country even
further apart. It will be harder both to
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scrutinise what politicians are saying,
and to hold them to account. There
will be less persuasion, and attempts
instead to anger and inflame voters to
encourage them to turn out. If you
could invent a model of political
communication to suit populists and
demagogues, this is it.
These are monumental problems,
and the solutions will be difficult to get
right. But they start with a need to
recognise that we can no longer leave
cyberspace unregulated and
ungoverned, allowing tech companies
– but also criminals, extremists and
terrorists – to do as they please. This
week, Zuckerberg has continued to
resist the idea that regulation is
needed. But he also conceded that
Facebook is responsible for the
content it publishes.
The game is changing. It might not
be right to break up firms like
Facebook, because that defeats the
object of a network. But it might make
sense to require it to sell other assets
including Instagram and Whatsapp. It
might also be necessary to require
platforms like Facebook to facilitate
the transfer of data to platforms owned
by other companies.
There is action governments can
take. We need, for example, new data
protection laws. We should give people
greater control over their personal
data. We must make improvements in
cyber security. We should introduce
greater powers to prosecute
companies and individuals within
companies if they behave recklessly.
For measures that cannot be
undertaken by national governments
alone, the democracies should act in
concert. There is a growing realisation
across the West that, like Zuckerberg
on his booster cushion, Facebook and
the tech firms are not as big as they
seem. It is time to act.
Happiness requires a room of one’s own
How can young people
feel part of society when
they spend their lives
flitting from flat to flat?
ROB COLVILE
S
ometimes, research is valuable
because it is new and surprising.
And sometimes, it is valuable
because it confirms what everyone
already knew.
A new report on loneliness from the
Office for National Statistics,
commissioned as part of the Prime
Minister’s response to the Jo Cox
Foundation’s campaign on the topic,
shows that those who feel least lonely
tend to be married, own a house, are in
good health and feel like part of their
community. It seems pretty obvious.
For most people, the traditional good
life tends also to be the happiest.
Of the three loneliest groups in
society, two fit the classic Eleanor
Rigby mould: widowed older home
owners and unmarried middle-agers,
usually with long-term health
conditions. But then comes a third:
“younger renters with little trust and
sense of belonging to their area”.
These are young people forced by
the housing market to flit from flat to
flat. They do not engage with their
neighbours because they know (or
fear) they will soon be gone.
When we talk about Britain’s
housing crisis, we tend to focus on the
economics – or the politics, given that
renters are overwhelmingly likely to
vote Labour. Too often, we ignore the
social – even moral – dimension.
To become a home owner is not just
to get your table stake at the property
market casino. It is to gain something
secure and tangible. When council
tenants in the 1980s were given the
right to buy, the very landscape of our
estates changed: new front doors, new
gardens, new driveways. People took
pride in – and drew comfort from –
having a place that was theirs.
Today, home ownership remains
extraordinarily popular. Poll after poll
shows that the overwhelming majority
want it for themselves and others –
whatever their income or background.
And the main reason they give is not
that it is a good investment, that it is
cheaper than renting, or even to have
a home to pass on to their children –
although those all play a part. It is
because it gives them somewhere to
call their own.
A legion of other statistics confirm
that home owners not only feel more
positive about where they live, but are
happier about their lives generally. In
the most recent English Housing
Survey, the average “life satisfaction
score” (a mark out of 10) was 8.0 for
owners vs 7.2 for those in the social
rented sector. Home owners get more
involved in their communities, feel
more secure, enjoy greater
psychological health, have children
who are more likely to finish school.
So there may be something to the
calls – following the ONS report – for
young people to get off social media
and into youth clubs. The Government
has also talked, commendably, about
encouraging long-term tenancy for
renters. But in terms of giving people a
stake – and a place – in society, nothing
beats a home.
There are people who say this is
old-fashioned thinking: that we need
to accustom ourselves to the reality of
renting as the norm, that we in Britain
too often fetishise home ownership.
If anything, this is the opposite of
the truth: we give home ownership
not too much attention, but too little.
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Our rates of home ownership are at
30-year lows – and are now among
the lowest in Europe. That is largely
because our planning system has
relentlessly failed to build the number,
and kind, of homes that people want
and need.
A society in which so many people
are deprived of ownership is one that
will become ever more stratified, and
feel ever more unfair to those within
it. In fact, we at the Centre for Policy
Studies have spent the past few
months working out what we should
focus our research efforts on – and
ended up with the word
“OWNERSHIP” in 90pt font. (And
bold. And underlined.) Because it’s
only when a person has ownership of
their finances, their future – and yes,
their home – that they can live the
kind of life they want.
It’s often been said recently that we
cannot expect young people to be
capitalists if they don’t have capital.
This survey is a reminder that
economic and social capital almost
invariably go hand in hand. A sense of
place, and of belonging, are the
fundamentals of community – and the
antidote to loneliness.
Robert Colvile is Director of the Centre
for Policy Studies
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 12 April 2018
***
21
Letters to the Editor
A freedom we must be
careful to use properly
F
ree speech is a precious commodity that
we constrain at our peril. But when its
exercise hurts or intimidates others,
what then? And who should set the
boundaries? In Ealing, west London,
confrontations have taken place outside
an abortion clinic between so-called pro-life
protesters and women attending for advice or
terminations.
The local council has responded by imposing a
“safe space” buffer zone, within which no protests
are permitted. It is using a Public Space Protection
Order (PSPO) to stop vigils being held outside the
building. This is a contentious use of powers
introduced to curb anti-social behaviour. The
concept of “safe spaces” is associated with shutting
down debate in universities where speakers whose
views some do not share are denied a platform.
There is always a danger when powers granted
for one purpose are used for another. It would, for
instance, be tempting for councils fearing protests
against controversial decisions to use PSPOs to
prevent legitimate debate. In this case, however,
women attending the clinic say they feel harassed
and intimidated by anti-abortion protesters who
seek to persuade them not to proceed with the
terminations. For their part, the pro-lifers say they
are there to offer advice on alternatives and
complain that their rights are being taken away.
Efforts to broker a compromise have failed.
Freedom of speech is not an absolute right. It
should provide latitude for expression, but not a
licence to be obnoxious, rude, boorish or
menacing. There are already laws against
harassment and intimidation that perhaps could be
used here; but the council has a point in saying
that deploying police to such an event is both
heavy-handed and a waste of resources.
There have been too many instances in recent
years of the expression of legitimate political and
religious opinion being circumscribed under the
guise of curbing “hate crime”. Invariably in a clash
between equality and faith the former wins.
So we need to be careful to avoid sacrificing our
centuries-old commitment to freedom of speech in
order to protect people from hearing views they do
not like. In this instance, however, the
anti-abortionists are not being stopped from
having their say or from holding their views, just
prevented from forcing them directly upon others
who do not want to hear them at a vulnerable time
in their lives.
Regulating Facebook
F
or the past few days, one of the most powerful
men on the planet has been on Capitol Hill
answering questions. Not President Trump, of
course, but the founder and CEO of Facebook, Mark
Zuckerberg. If ever there was a clash of generations
it was on show here. The youthful Mr Zuckerberg,
looking like he could still be at Harvard, where he
set up the social media behemoth in his dorm,
faced ranks of US senators, congressmen and
women, some of who had a tenuous grasp on the
online world they sought to understand.
Mr Zuckerberg had to spell out that Facebook
made money not by selling data, but by directing
advertisers towards potential customers. Too
much of the questioning afforded the politicians a
chance to grandstand rather than elicit much of
note from the elusive CEO about the questions of
privacy and regulation. Mr Zuckerberg apologised
for the way in which the data of unsuspecting
users was accessed by third parties, including, it is
alleged, political campaigners. He accepted this
was a breach of trust that needed to be addressed
but without quite saying how, beyond an
investigation into the millions of apps that might
be implicated.
Around the world, governments are grappling
with how to deal with Facebook and other
monopolistic internet giants. Are they, or should
they be, beyond the reach of regulators? Should
they be broken up? Mr Zuckerberg was reluctant
to accept that Facebook should be treated as a
publisher, not as a tech platform, since that would
open it up to laws that affect other media outlets.
He was also asked whether he would be in favour
of regulation. But that, surely, cannot be a matter
for him to decide.
Goodbye, sole traders
S
hoe shops are closing at a faster rate than just
about any in the high street. Sometimes it
seems that only nail bars are left open, and
even that’s because they’re still working on how to
offer a manicure online. To many shoe fanatics, it’s
unthinkable to seek the ideal style and fit by
remote control. Yet the old shoe-shop system
seldom worked well. If the shopper could find a
seat not bagged by customers who looked set, like
the drizzle outside, to hang around all day, there
would always come a moment when the assistant,
after a tantalisingly long absence downstairs in the
stockroom, would return with the news: “I could
do your size in mauve,” or else: “We’ve got that
style half a size smaller.” Too often it ended in
buying something unwearable. Online, even
sending shoes back is good news for courier firms.
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@LettersDesk
Police versus crime
sir – William Hague (Comment, April
10) offers four possible arguments
against the use of force in Syria in
response to a chemical weapon attack.
In 2013 I encouraged my MP (and he
agreed with me) to vote against the use
of air strikes at that time. My reasons
were none of the four listed by Lord
Hague. The point was, and still is, that
the issues are not as straightforward as
we would like them to be.
In 2013, the main reason for voting
against air strikes was that many
minorities in Syria – including the
Christian population – had largely felt
safe under President Bashar al-Assad,
but were very afraid of the range of
Islamic groups that threatened to
replace him should he be toppled from
power. Since then, things have
changed. Isil has brought terror to all
who dare to disagree with them, and
Russia has become significantly
involved in supporting Assad.
There is no doubt that both Assad
and his supporters, not least Russia,
have to be shown that their conduct is
entirely unacceptable, but we should
sir – I was a Metropolitan Police
sergeant in charge of a safer
neighbourhoods team in Croydon
when Theresa May became Home
Secretary in 2010 and set about
making her series of police reforms.
She was warned that her planned
police budget cuts were too much, too
soon, but she arrogantly dismissed this
and said crime was falling. Crime had
been steadily falling for number of
reasons – including an adequately
resourced and supported police force.
In 2015, after her budget cuts had
resulted in the loss of officers, the
closure of police stations and the
decimation of neighbourhood
policing, she was further warned that
the police service was at breaking
point and could not cope. These
warnings were dismissed as crying
wolf.
We now have the same number of
police officers as we did 30 years ago
and crime has risen for the past two
years. A leaked Home Office report
suggests that police cuts are likely to
have contributed to this increase
(report, April 10).
Many of the young people killing
and being killed or injured in knife
attacks were not even teenagers
when Mrs May became Home
Secretary, but we are now reaping
what she sowed in 2010.
Clifford Baxter
Wareham, Dorset
be concentrating on a long-term
solution, which would offer all groups
in Syria a safe future. The immediate
use of some kind of significant force
should not be ruled out, but whatever
is done should be carried out with the
ultimate long-term solution in mind.
Michael Sparrow
Marple, Cheshire
sir – It seems that Syria and Russia are
to be punished for murdering
innocent civilians in the wrong way.
Robin Steggles
Holbrook, Suffolk
sir – Your leading article (April 9)
makes the point that in 2013 the West,
in particular America, did not act
decisively to punish President Assad
for carrying out a previous gas attack.
The response to a subsequent gas
attack, amounting to the firing of a
number of cruise missiles at an air
force base, was not impressive. It is
a pity that America and its allies did
not mount a major attack in 2013 to
neutralise the Syrian air defences and
then destroy the Syrian air force,
including its helicopters in the air and
on the ground.
Sadly, now that Russia is supporting
President Assad militarily, and both
leaders deny the use of chemical
weapons, there is little hope of
preventing their use and bringing
those who use them to justice.
John MacGillivray
Dundee
sir – Bold talk of a military
intervention is misguided. Syria is a
nation state and has not transgressed
its borders. All possible options are
fraught with collateral implications.
If the Western world is really
determined to do something, then the
brutal isolation of Syria from any form
of engagement with the world beyond
its borders would go a long way to
making Assad’s regime unsustainable.
Russia’s Vladimir Putin would also be
made to declare his hand or acquiesce
to non-military action.
Charles Holden
Micheldever, Hampshire
Abortion protest ban
sir – You report (April 10) that
“protests” outside the Marie Stopes
abortion clinic in Ealing, west London,
are to be “banned in an effort to stop
women and staff from being harassed
and intimidated”, with local
councillors voting for a “buffer zone”
– a Public Space Protection Order.
All pro-life vigils pray and offer help
and information upon request to
women seeking abortion. There have
been no reports of intimidation and no
police intervention.
Even if there were a genuine case of
harassment at the Ealing clinic, there
are already legal provisions to forestall
such activity, introduced to prevent
attacks on scientific premises by
protesters against animal
experimentation. Perhaps the reason
that Ealing and other councils have
not introduced these measures is that
they can be applied by judges only
after seeing evidence of harassment –
and there is none.
Campaigners seem so eager to
silence the pro-life point of view that
they seem not to care about the
implications for restricting the mark of
a free country – free speech.
Ealing’s Labour MP Rupa Huq has
been leading a parliamentary
campaign “to impose buffer zones
around family planning clinics
nationally”. It seems that the “buffer
zone” campaign is an attempt to
normalise abortion.
When an operation that involves
killing rather than saving life is
reduced to a bureaucratic procedure,
we hear echoes of what Hannah
Arendt called the banality of evil.
Ann Farmer
Woodford Green, Essex
sir – Is it acceptable that any
organisation creates a space in a public
location in this country where
freedom of speech is denied,
especially when the matter concerns
life and death?
Universities have tried it, now
councils. Expressing a genuine argued
opinion, even if one disagrees with it,
must always be allowed.
Jonathan Longstaff
Buxted, East Sussex
Noted failure
sir – I think we can all agree that we
have now given our new plastic money
a fair crack of the whip. Since I have
yet to hear a word in favour of it, isn’t
it time for the authorities to take a
deep breath, apologise and relaunch
real money before any more damage is
done to our national prestige?
Michael Walker
Hardwick, Huntingdonshire
BRIDGEMAN
established 1855
Action against Syria still leaves its long-term stability unresolved
Deeds, not words: a 4,000-year-old Sumerian pictographic tablet of a property deed
Homeowners’ deeds deserve to be preserved
sir – When I worked as a
conveyancer, I always made sure
that any unwanted deeds (Letters,
April 11) were offered to the buyer
on completion of the transaction.
Most buyers were very happy to
have these often interesting old
documents, which neither the
mortgage lender nor the Land
Registry wanted, not least because
they did not have the storage space.
I am afraid that in these days of
cut-price conveyancing, legal firms
do not want their staff taking time
to sort through old deeds and
documents; it is cheaper just to
dispose of them.
Marie Blanchard
Newport, Monmouthshire
sir – A few years ago the Telegraph
reported that lenders were
disposing of deeds as they were no
longer required, which prompted
me to ask for mine back. Following
this, I asked my solicitor to register
them with the Land Registry.
This was done, but
disappointingly the Registry lost our
deeds, so I asked my solicitor for a
copy, which was supplied. I
explained that the whole reason I
had done this was to secure my
original deeds. The Land Registry
reimbursed me for the extra legal
costs but couldn’t do any more.
Subsequently they were found and
gratefully returned.
Richard Hartley
Northampton
sir – As a retired solicitor, I deplore
the destruction of old deeds.
Apart from their value in some
cases as historical documents, I have
known cases where they have
proved useful in determining
questions relating to matters such as
the ownership of boundaries, where
the Land Registry record has not
been of any help.
It used to be an offence to destroy
deeds, but I presume that this is no
longer the case.
Brian Checkland
Thingwall, Wirral
sir – Paul Berry (Letters, April 10) is
not alone in having his mortgage
lender lose or destroy his title deeds.
On completing my mortgage
with Northern Rock/Virgin, I
received an A4 sheet of paper with
Land Registry details. On inquiring
why I hadn’t received the “bundle”
covering more than 120 years’
history of my plot and house, I was
told that they didn’t have them.
Eventually they admitted they had
been “lost in transit” while being
transferred to their new storage
facility.
They were quite offhand and
couldn’t understand what I was
making a fuss about. Like Mr Berry I
am more than a little peeved at the
loss of my property’s history.
Dennis Watling
Southend-on-Sea, Essex
sir – On receiving the deeds for my
house, along with the usual
conveyances on parchment,
indentures, legal charges and
epitomes of title were two death
certificates indicating that two of
the previous occupants had died in
accidents. Perhaps it would have
been better not to receive the deeds
after all.
Simon Rycroft
Haslemere, Surrey
sir – Nick Hurd, a Home Office
minister, is quoted as saying the police
are “stretched” and that he doesn’t
dispute “the pressure on the front
line” (report, April 9).
Policing is a fundamental service
and, while more money is going into
policing, it is clearly not enough.
Contrast this with the aid budget –
much of which is spent on projects of
questionable worth – which rises
automatically in line with GDP,
without scrutiny.
One has to ask where the sense is in
this and where the Government’s
priorities lie.
Cdre Malcolm Williams
Southsea, Hampshire
sir – What’s this codswallop about
Glasgow teaching London how to deal
with violent crime (report, April 8)?
Glasgow’s violent crime statistics
only crashed because one particular
shop, which provided the armoury for
every tuppenny thug, stopped selling
lethal weapons that did not require a
firearms licence. This has still done
nothing to reduce the appalling
casualty figures in A&E departments
after every Old Firm derby.
London, meanwhile, has seen
Islamist terrorism result in police on
standby night after night. As I
discovered, this means that simply
rummaging through your rucksack on
a litter bin can result in poker-faced
police officers in stab vests appearing
and asking you to explain your
business.
Impressed? Not as much as the
newsagents and shopkeepers around
London Euston and King’s Cross (who
told me they had previously been easy
prey for casual armed robberies), or
the residents basking in the safety of
walking London’s streets.
Mark Boyle
Johnstone, Renfrewshire
Wearing the trousers
sir – If I was anticipating spending
£36,000 a year on sending a
grandchild to Uppingham School,
the news that it allows boys to wear
skirts (report, April 10) would have
me very quickly suggesting to my
daughter and son-in-law that there
are competing schools, which
encourage boys to grow to be men
and girls to become ladies.
Crombie Glennie
Hawksworth, Nottinghamshire
How long until Putin’s pet oligarchs turn on him?
The Russian president
cannot afford humiliation
over Syria but his alliance
is under pressure
Mark
alMond
S
o: war. We could be about to enter
one. Easy as it is to see the
escalating tensions in Syria as a
crisis of Western authority, it is
actually most severe for Vladimir
Putin. For him, this is not just an
international crisis: it is also a
domestic one.
True, Putin has just been elected to
his fourth term with a possibly
manipulated 77 per cent of the vote.
His restoration of Russia’s status as a
great power, through his seizure of
Crimea in 2014 and intervention a year
later in Syria, have ensured that public
support for the strongman in the
Kremlin has remained strong. Having
acted decisively where Obama and
Britain had baulked, Putin had
propelled his ally, President Assad, to
the verge of victory in the civil war.
If you listen to the abusive language
between UN ambassadors in the
Security Council and the Russian
diplomats threatening to shoot down
Western planes and missiles, it’s clear
that Syria is a life-or-death issue for
Putin. Will the groups who have
underpinned his regime until now
stand with him?
Following the economic crisis of
2008 and the Western sanctions from
2014 over Russian policy in Ukraine,
Putin consolidated his political hold
over Russia by emphasising his ability
to ward off foreign threats. Deciding
that the West’s hopes for political
change in Russia left no place for him,
he turned against it and regime change
generally. Assad was one beneficiary.
Operating geopolitics as an
extension of his domestic self-interest
served Putin well. He forged a
coalition of interest groups from the
security services which had shaped
him via the new rich, whom he
protected in return for fealty. A broad
swathe of Russian public opinion,
meanwhile, swelled with national
pride even if belts were tightening.
As the London property market and
St Tropez’s register of mega-yachts
showed, Russia’s oligarchs sailed
smoothly through the post-2014
political storms. That was until
President Trump went for their
financial jugular by sanctioning some
by name and making European as well
as US banks wary of dealing with
them. As Iran has found, US unilateral
sanctions make doing business with
the EU and Japan almost impossible,
because banks are global and need
dollars from the Federal Reserve.
So now, while only a fool or a
madman would welcome a direct clash
between American and Russian forces,
an economic war of attrition is already
under way which could split Putin’s
ruling alliance. Strong as he is, all
political systems are oligarchal. The
top man needs allies and competent
underlings to run the system, and they
are boss to those beneath them.
In the early 2000s Putin purged the
billionaires who thought their wealth
made them political players in their
own right, just as Peter the Great
disposed of the boyars. But today’s
oligarchs feeling the pinch are not his
opponents but his supporters. The
distress of a Deripaska has very
different political impact at home than
the bankruptcy of an exiled
Berezovsky. Even as they backed
Putin, the West – or at least its
financial services, and indeed its
servant class in general – has been
very good to them. Now they face
exclusion from our markets and
fleshpots, which is humiliating.
Of course, the oligarchs are not
Putin’s only allies. Even after the fiasco
of the “hardline” coup in 1991, which
seemed to show coups don’t work in
Russia, he does rely on his security
services and on the support of the
patriotic working class. Yet here, too,
there is a problem.
The ideologists of Putinism seem to
welcome a return to a Russia cut off
from the West. Since Russia is not
strong enough to stand fully against
the West on its own, that means
swinging 180 degrees and cosying up
to China after three centuries of trying
to westernise. Because China is
America’s looming rival, it seems
Russia’s obvious ally, but China’s vast
population and pulsating economy
also pose a long-term challenge,
especially to underpopulated Siberia.
Apart from energy and weapons,
Russia has little to offer China except
playing the distraction for American
power from China’s rise in the Pacific.
For ordinary Russians whose
patriotism has been stirred by Putin’s
apparent revival of superpower status,
playing second fiddle to China could
be difficult to swallow.
Putin might be willing to go to the
brink to avoid humiliation in Syria,
and the generals might go with him
out of pride in their recent successes.
But realism also has a long tradition in
the Kremlin. In the long term, this
pace and intensity of foreign
adventure is simply unsustainable
without embracing China, with all the
problems that would bring.
On the other hand, what Westerners
perceive as realistic is not necessarily
what Russians take for granted.
Economic self-interest has often been
overrated in Russian history;
Communism could not have happened
otherwise. So in the short term, Putin
is likely to double down, or even be
pushed aside by a more hardline
successor if he backs off. Expect things
to get worse before they get better.
Mark Almond is Director of the Crisis
Research Institute, Oxford
read More at telegraph.co.uk/opinion
22
Thursday 12 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
***
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The Daily Telegraph Thursday 12 April 2018
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23
24
***
Thursday 12 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
FAMILY
FEATURES
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 12 April 2018
***
25
Toby Young
My plan to save the
Open University
Page 26
ARTS
JEFF GILBERT
Top score
How classical music
infiltrated video
games Page 28
Pro-life campaigners demonstrate outside Ealing Broadway Town Hall before the abortion buffer zone vote this week
FEATURE
Flags in the attic
Laying Japan’s war
dead to rest Page 27
Inside the
abortion
buffer zone
REVIEW
All that jazz
Can Cuba Gooding Jr
cut it on the London
stage in Chicago?
Page 29
As Ealing Council makes history by
curbing ‘intimidating’ pro-life protesters,
Radhika Sanghani visits the clinic at the
centre of the storm to find out more
A
woman holding
rosary beads and
religious
pamphlets is
standing outside
Marie Stopes
abortion clinic in
Ealing. She tries
to hand leaflets to
the various young women going
inside, but they shake their heads and
decline. Behind her, two more women
are quietly praying. The atmosphere in
this quiet suburban family road is
subdued, but many residents walking
past stop to shake their heads.
“Jesus wouldn’t want you to break
the law,” shouts one mother who is
accompanied by her two daughters.
Another mutters, “I thought they’d be
gone by now.” One passer-by goes
straight up to the protesters: “Why are
you still here? Just f--- off. You strange
people.” The police are called in
anticipation of further conflict, and
arrive within minutes.
This is the first day since Ealing
Council made British history by voting
in favour of a “buffer zone” outside the
west London abortion clinic. The
protests and vigils, which have taken
place outside its doors daily, will now
be forced to happen 100 metres away
under a new Public Service Protection
Order (PSPO). Anyone breaching the
order could be arrested and face a fine
of up to £1,000.
But it will not be implemented until
at least April 23, meaning that pro-life
protesters are still free to stand outside
the clinic and approach the women
coming in and out.
These pro-lifers claim that they do
nothing more than pray quietly and
offer women leaflets – and some do
just that – but hundreds of women in
the borough have reported more
extreme and sinister behaviour,
which has left them feeling
intimidated, harassed and threatened
at a time when they were already
vulnerable.
Some say they have been told “you’ll
die of cancer”, others that they have
been called “murderers” and asked if
they really want to “kill their baby”?
John Hansen-Brevetti, operations
manager at the clinic, said patients had
been told that the “ghost of their
foetus” will haunt them, had the words
“Mummy don’t kill me” shouted in
their direction, and had holy water
thrown on them.
During Tuesday’s landmark vote,
councillors said they had personally
witnessed behaviour bordering on
harassment and intimidation outside
the clinic. They read out testimonies
from local women telling of their own
REBECCA*, 26
When Rebecca chose
to have an abortion
last year, her biggest
fear was that there
would be protesters
outside the Marie
Stopes clinic.
“I was terrified,” she
says. “My husband
shielded me from
them, but one woman
tried to block the door
with rosaries. She kept
saying ‘don’t do this’.
There was also another
woman holding a
poster with a two-yearold child and a sixweek foetus on it, and
shouted ‘love both’ in a
very non-loving
g voice.
“It hadn’t been an
easy decision for me,
as I grew up Catholic,”
she says. “We’d only
been married a few
months, and my
husband and I both felt
we needed to be much
more financially
secure before we had a
child. It was a really
difficult choice to
make, but being
judged about it made
it even worse.”
Rebecca was also
terrified of the
procedure – “I have a
phobia of doctors and
had no idea what to
expect” – so seeing the
posters of
dismembered foetuses
was incredibly tough.
“It was scary and all
added to the anxiety I
was having about it.
My husband was
furious on my behalf.
“It was like standing
outside a hospital
showing people
pictures of open heart
surgery. There was no
way that their presence
would have made me
reconsider, but it did
make everything that
much harder.”
*Names have been
changed
experiences, from receiving
threatening comments to being
recorded or filmed.
“I have recurring nightmares four
to five times a week about protesters
hurting, judging and chasing” said
one. While, this behaviour could be
classified under harassment, which is
already a crime under the Equality
Act, protesters are rarely arrested for
it. Councillor Binda Rai, who first
brought the motion to Ealing Council
last year, explains that is because the
police have to weigh it up against the
European Convention of Human
Rights, which also recognises the
right of people to assemble. “For the
Continued on page 27
26
Thursday 12 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
***
FEATURE
ANDREW CROWLEY FOR THE TELEGRAPH; ALAMY STOCK
T H R E E T E E N S A N D A B A BY
D I A RY O F A G A P M U M
LIZ FRASER
How I would save my
father’s Open University
A row over finances has rocked the
OU, with student numbers dropping.
Toby Young offers his plan for survival
S
uccess has many fathers,
but my own father,
Michael Young, can
reasonably claim some of
the credit for the Open
University. According to
his initial idea, which he first floated
in 1961, it would be a university for
adults who had missed out on higher
education. He had just taken up a
post as a lecturer at Cambridge and
when he discovered that the colleges
and faculty buildings were empty for
six months of the year, he tried to
persuade the university authorities
to create a “second Cambridge” for
mature students. It wouldn’t be a
place for privileged public
schoolboys, but for working class
men and women who had been
denied the opportunity of a
university education and all the
benefits that can bring.
Needless to say, his proposal was
met with almost universal derision
by his colleagues. At one critical
meeting, he knew he had lost the
room when an elderly don
complained of his use of the word
“campus” to describe the dreaming
spires of Cambridge – anyone
vulgar enough to use such a
ghastly, American word did not
deserve to be taken seriously.
In need of saving: the OU
was founded under the
vision of Michael Young.
His son Toby, top, offers
his explanation of how it
can be turned around
He reluctantly concluded that this
institution would only get off the
ground if it had no “campus”. It would
instead be a “university of the air”, in
which students remained in their
homes and received their education
via television or radio. He decided to
call it the Open University (OU).
Michael died in 2002, by which time
the OU had exceeded his expectations,
becoming Europe’s largest higher
education institution. So I can only
imagine his disappointment if he were
still alive to hear of its latest travails.
On Monday, the OU’s governing
council held an emergency meeting to
discuss the fate of Peter Horrocks, its
vice-chancellor, and the fact that it
hasn’t yet issued a statement of support
is ominous. He fell out with staff after
proposing to find savings of
£100 million in the OU’s annual budget
of £420 million. The difficulty Horrocks
faces is that the OU is operating with an
annual deficit of £20 million and is
finding it increasingly hard to attract
students, with numbers dropping from
242,000 in 2011-12 to 173,927 in 2016-17.
On the face of it, the OU’s falling
student roll is surprising. The number
of students being admitted to English
universities has increased significantly
over the past 10 years. There is also the
fact that a lot of adults need to re-train.
Even though unemployment is at
record lows, nearly a third of 50 to
65-year-olds are out of work – about
3.6 million people.
So why isn’t the OU more popular?
One reason is increased competition.
Prof Karl Lygo, the founder of BPP
University, points out that nearly
every British university now offers
distance learning, whereby students
can earn a degree from home. For
instance, the University of Liverpool
has teamed up with a US company
called Laureate to offer a slate of
Russell Group degrees online.
And while OU degrees are ostensibly
deemed as credible by employers as
those from (red) bricks and mortar
institutions, “the market is much more
competitive than it used to be,” says
Lygo. “Students have more choice,
there are more suppliers. New
competitors are growing rapidly.”
There is also the rise of MOOCs to
contend with – Massive Open Online
Courses. These are university courses
that anyone can enrol on free of
charge. While MOOCs don’t provide
students with degrees, some of the
world’s most prestigious universities
are pouring resources into them. This
has made life more difficult for the OU.
After all, if you’re interested in
machine learning for its own sake, and
not because you’re hoping to retrain as
a computer programmer, why would
you pay to embark on a degree at the
OU when you can enrol on Stanford’s
“Introduction Into AI” for free?
But the biggest reason is because of
the tripling of tuition fees – the OU’s
included. It now costs £17,500 on
average to complete an OU degree
over six years and between 2010-11 and
2015-16, the number of part-time
students fell by 56 per cent.
“We didn’t anticipate that raising
the cap and expanding loans would
result in fewer people enrolling on
part-time courses,” says Nick Hillman,
director of the Higher Education
Policy Institute and special adviser to
David Willetts, the universities
minister who raised the cap in 2012. “It
didn’t deter full time students, so why
would it deter part-time students?”
The answer is that the sort of people
thinking of signing up for part-time
courses are often in work, or they’re
full time parents, or they have a
mortgage, and they are much more
debt-averse than school-leavers. In
addition, many of them are ineligible
for tuition fee loans because they
already have degrees.
Hillman describes himself as “centre
Right” and is not normally an advocate
of increasing state subsidies, but he
thinks the Government should make
an exception for the OU, and possibly
for other universities aimed at adult
learners, like Birkbeck College.
“The Welsh government has
decided to offer a higher subsidy to
part-time students than to full time
students because it has faced up to the
fact that unless it does, numbers will
decline, fewer people will re-train and,
in the long term, the economy will
suffer,” he says. “I think we have no
choice but to follow suit.”
Unlike my father, a lifelong socialist,
I am a Tory. But I agree with Nick. If
the OU is to be saved, the Government
has to put its hand in its pocket.
This week:
Why should
I be judged
for wanting
to stay slim
during
pregnancy?
‘There
they are
again: the
scowls, the
eyebrows,
the tutting’
W
eek 19 and
things are
starting to
take shape.
Or rather,
change shape. Mainly, me.
I am really starting to
show now and, for the first
time, I love it.
During my previous
three pregnancies in my
20s, the hardest thing was
losing the body shape and
size that I knew and liked
– and felt comfortable and
myself in – as I morphed
reluctantly into a blancmangy hippopotamus.
This time, to my huge
surprise, I find I can’t get
enough of my curves.
I mould my fingers
around the tight little
bump growing under my
skin, and can’t wait for it
to get bigger. Hiding in
there is my child, and the
more pronounced my
bump gets, the closer I feel
to her. I want to touch her,
look at her and talk to her,
already. Hurry up! Grow!
The reason this is all so
surprising to me – and I
am ready to be attacked on
all sides for saying this, so
here goes – is because I
like being slim. I don’t like
feeling heavy, full or losing
my waist. Pregnancy,
helpfully, pretty much
causes of all of the above to
happen, and as much as
we are told we should
“bloom” – like balloons
being filled with water and
human limbs – I admit that
I have always found the
physical changes difficult
to deal with. I don’t so
much bloom and grow, as
bloat and cry.
I suspect that age has
something to do with it.
When we are younger, we
fight things more. We fear
a lack of control. Or we’ve
not “come into ourselves
yet”, and can’t just let go
and go with the amniotic
flow – I’m not sure.
As I get older, I actually
feel far more fearful and
anxious about a lot of
things that I once breezed
through. But there’s also a
laissez-faire that makes us
older mums a little more
accepting. And enormously
grateful to be able to have
the pregnancy discomforts
at all. Everything about it
feels so much more
precious and “possibly the
last time”, so however
unpleasant it may be, I
know I won’t feel it again.
I want to hold on to every
second; every sickness,
backache, heartburn and
movement.
That said, I don’t want
to let go completely. Not
just for my physical shape,
but for my mental health
as well. And what makes
me feel better than
anything else, is running.
I’ve been a runner for 25
years, and I love it. I ran
through all of my previous
pregnancies until it got
uncomfortable. And my
babies were big, healthy,
and fine, thank you.
But oh, the looks I got!
The scowling. The tutting.
“What is she doing to her
poor child?” I am hoping,
in the intervening 15 years,
that things have changed,
and we understand that
physical activity is actually
good for the “poor baby”.
So off for a run I go,
visible bump supported
and strapped up by a
spectacularly unattractive
but effective combination
of Rock Tape and a “Belly
Bandit” (basically a giant
cummerbund) for a bit of
endorphin-releasing
exercise. I feel great. My
bump feels great. I smile.
My baby probably smiles,
too. But nobody else does.
There they are again: the
scowls, the eyebrows, the
tutting. Even now, with our
understanding of fitness,
and the “do what works for
you” movement, it seems
that in pregnancy what
actually matters is what
works for everyone else.
Or rather, what they feel
they have the right to tell
you to do.
This free-for-all
criticism extends to every
part of parenting, in my
experience, and I just don’t
understand it. Nothing
seems to change it. But
what has changed, is me.
I know what works for
me, what feels right for me
and for my children. And I
fully intend to carry on
doing things that way.
And yes, that includes
running around the park
with my bump.
Next week: The dreaded
20-week scan
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 12 April 2018
***
27
FEATURE
‘This flag will
be our family
treasure’
A
s he accepts the fragile
flag that was picked up
by an unknown British
soldier on a battlefield in
Burma in 1944, 75-year
old shop owner, Shojiro
Nakajima says he senses that the
soldier it belonged to – whose
black-and-white portrait hangs on the
wall of his family home in the rural
town of Higashi Omi – has finally
come home to rest.
And he has another former British
soldier and an indefatigable USbased reconciliation group to thank
for bringing his family closure.
Mr Nakajima says he was too young
to remember Yasuhei Nakajima, his
uncle, marching off to war in
northern Burma where he died on the
battlefield aged just 26. He had no
wife or children, and family memories
of this distant relative have dimmed
since his death.
But looking at his portrait with a
black crepe bow in one corner, Mr
Nakajima says he always thought he
looked “honest and hard-working”.
Yosegaki Hinomaru flags were
considered a good luck talisman for a
serviceman going off to war and
virtually every Japanese soldier
carried at least one. For Allied
soldiers, from Burma to New Guinea,
Malaya and the islands of the Pacific,
they were the perfect souvenir
because they were light and could be
easily stuffed into a pocket or pouch,
even in the heat of battle.
The flags these men carried,
however, were highly personal items
that the families still believe retained
their souls. And as more Allied
servicemen from Britain, the US,
Australia and elsewhere have grown
old and died, their descendants are
discovering these long-forgotten
artefacts in the backs of drawers or in
dusty attics. For the past nine years,
one organisation, the Obon Society,
has been returning them to the
scattered relatives of the Japanese
servicemen who died in battle, and
whose bodies may never have
returned home.
The full details of Yasuhei
Nakajima’s death are unlikely to ever
be known. It is believed he was killed
in a clash with British troops in March
1944 during the Battle of Imphal, the
high-tide of Japan’s assault on
south-east Asia, but the family only
received official notification that he
had died many months later. Of the
2.4 million Japanese servicemen killed
during the Second World War,
1.14 million are still listed as “missing
in action” and families never received
their remains.
On April 5, during a solemn
ceremony at Gokoku-jinja Shrine, in
the town of Hikone, three tattered and
stained flags were returned to their
families in Shiga Prefecture.
“To finally have this flag makes the
tears well up,” Mr Nakajima says. “To
be able to hold it gives me the feeling
that Yasuhei was my blood. The whole
Nakajima family feels that he is at last
coming home. I will take this flag
home and we have asked the rest of
the family to gather. This flag is now
our family treasure.”
The route that Yasuhei Nakajima’s
flag took home can only be traced back
to 1983, when Andrew Clare, then a
Royal Marine Commando, noticed it in
a junk shop window in Plymouth.
“Before I could read Japanese
“kanji”, characters I knew what it was
and that it was genuine,” says Mr Clare,
who went on to study Japanese in
Sheffield and Kobe, and is now legal
director of DAC Beachcroft LLP in
ANDREW POTHECARY
Julian Ryall discovers how a Japanese war
talisman found in a British junk shop has
been reunited with the soldier’s family
Reunited: Andrew
Clare returns a flag
to Shojiro
Nakajima, above
centre, whose
relative died on a
battlefield in Burma
in 1944; a
ceremony is held to
commemorate the
flag returning home
Manchester. “I can’t remember how
much it was, but it could not have
been more than £50 – scandalous
when one thinks about the value of it
to families.”
As his Japanese improved, over the
following years, Mr Clare was able to
decipher some of the names on the flag
and Nakajima cropped up frequently.
It became his ambition to one day to
be able to return the flag to the right
family, but it was a daunting task.
Nakajima is a common surname and
the task of finding one family
somewhere in a nation of 127 million
was enormous.
During his research, Mr Clare
discovered the Obon Society. Based in
ALAMY STOCK PHOTO
CONTINUED FROM PAGE 25
police to be called for harassment
purposes, you have to prove it’s
one-on-one harassment
continuously,” she says.
“A woman coming to the clinic is
only likely to visit once or twice at
the most, so it will be a one-off,
which makes it really difficult.”
The other issue is that women are
often deterred from reporting any
harassment they do experience.
“They want to go in, have the
procedure, and not be caught up in
bureaucratic processes,” says Cllr
Rai. “They’re entitled to anonymity,
and don’t want to give it up.”
It is a complex issue, one
recognised by council leader Julian
Bell, who stressed that councillors
were at this week’s vote not to
express personal feelings, but to see
whether the behaviour legally
justified a buffer zone. “The issue is
about the proximity of the pro-life
groups to the clinics,” he explained.
“If you look at the evidence, for me,
it’s quite clear that there is a
detrimental effect on the women
using the clinic. “
In a council consultation of 2,181
(the most respondents any Ealing
survey has ever had), 90 per cent said
they had seen people protesting
outside the clinic, and 89 per cent of
locals said they felt people recording
or taking videos of women entering
and leaving the clinics was extremely
detrimental to their quality of life. Up
to 95 per cent said they fully
supported the safe zone.
Clare McCullough, of Roman
Catholic group the Good Counsel
Network, denied that women were
being harassed and said her efforts
had helped more than 500 change
their minds about abortions.
“We respect the help they offer to
women who want to use their
services,” councillor Ranjit Dheer
tells me. “But is it necessary to
congregate outside the clinic causing
distress to thousands of women?”
During the council meeting, the
tension was high, and when the
unanimous vote to implement a
Sister supporters: the pro-choice group clapped and cheered outside the town hall
buffer zone was announced, the room
was divided. One half erupted in joy,
with dozens of women in pink “Sister
Supporters” vests cheering.
“I can’t believe it,” cried one. “Ealing
has made history.”
The other half of the room was
muted, with several men shaking their
heads and a young woman resting her
When the unanimous
vote was announced,
the room was divided.
Half in joy, half muted
head in her hands. Some walked out in
disgust.
Outside, the pro-choicers were
jubilant, standing on the steps of the
town hall, cheering and clapping,
before going off to the pub en-masse to
celebrate their victory. Down below,
the pro-lifers stood in a sombre circle,
singing “Glory, glory Hallelujah” in a
long vigil.
ISAPEL WILLIAMS, 37
Last year, Isapel
found herself
pregnant and
single. “I’d been
abandoned by
my boyfriend,
and had no
money. I
couldn’t afford
to have a baby. I
was on my own,”
she says.
She went to
the Marie Stopes
clinic to
terminate her
pregnancy at
around four
weeks, but was
approached by
an anti-abortion
protester.
“She politely
introduced
herself to me,
and gave me a
leaflet,” explains
Isapel. “She said,
if we can support
you, would you
still go through
with this? It was
the only reason I
wanted to
terminate my
pregnancy, so
when they
offered me
financial and
moral support it
changed my
mind. I realised I
had another
choice.
“Now I have
my beautiful
baby son
Christopher,
who is 13 months
old, and I’m so
glad I met that
woman.”
The pro-lifers’ argument against a
buffer zone is free speech – should
protesters not be allowed to make
their voices heard?
“No one is denying them their
voice,” stressed Anna Veglio-White,
co-founder of Sister Supporters – the
main pro-choice group campaigning
in Ealing.
“The anti-abortion activists will still
be able to protest. Free speech is a
qualified right. It is not an absolute
given, and it has never superseded
women’s rights to anonymity.”
Her words have previously been
echoed by Amber Rudd, the Home
Secretary, who stressed that “while
everyone has a right to peaceful
protest, it is completely unacceptable
that anyone should feel harassed or
intimidated simply for exercising their
legal right to healthcare advice and
treatment.”
The Home Office is currently
reviewing whether a need exists for
new legislation on buffer zones
outside abortion clinics – something
that already exists in some Australian,
American and Canadian states.
British campaigners hope the
landmark decision in Ealing will now
inspire exactly that, especially as the
PSPO can only be implemented for
three years, before the entire process
has to be repeated.
“Ealing Council is courageous in
taking this step but not all the burden
can fall on local government,” explains
Ealing MP Rupa Huq, who has had
hate mail and foetus dolls sent to her
parliamentary office as a result of her
campaigning.
All that remains to be seen now is
whether this historical vote will stay
within the borough – or whether it can
inspire a divisive battle across Britain.
Astoria, Washington, the group was
set up in 2009 by Rex and Keiko Ziak,
after Keiko’s grandfather’s flag was
returned through a small and
understaffed division of Japan’s
Ministry of Health, Labour and
Welfare. Realising that potentially
millions of these heirlooms are dotted
around the world – and with many
now being sold to collectors – they set
about reuniting them with the families
of fallen soldiers.
“The Japanese concept of the
spiritual world is very different to that
in the West, so when a family member
disappeared in the war, anything that
was returned – his wallet, a letter, a
flag – became him,” says Mr Ziak. “But
these were sought-after souvenirs.
They were clearly an enemy flag, they
had Japanese writing and hand prints.”
The 50th anniversary of the end of
the war in 1995 seemed to be a turning
point in many US veterans’ attitudes,
adds Mr Ziak, and the flags began to be
returned to the Japanese embassy or
consulates across the US.
The vast majority are still in storage
in Tokyo, but the Obon Society has
accepted around 1,000 flags from
around the world. Some arrive
anonymously; others are accompanied
by a note that might provide a few
clues; a few have small donations that
allow the Ziaks to continue their work.
To date, they have managed to return
around 180 flags to families.
Mr Clare posted his flag to the Obon
Society and admits he never expected
the organisation to make too much
progress. But, Mr Ziak says, “all the
clues that were needed to trace the
family were right there on the flag”.
His research team was quickly able
to narrow the search down to Shiga
Prefecture thanks to the kanji used in
the Nakajima family name, which are
specific to a relatively small district.
Further inquiries cross-checked the
name with Japanese government
records detailing the soldiers who had
died at Imphal in 1944. And there was,
as is often the case, a degree of luck in
finally identifying the soldier’s
descendants just six weeks after the
Obon Society had received the flag.
Mr Clare was so overwhelmed he
decided to travel to Japan with his
wife, Deborah, to hand it over in a
deeply personal ceremony to a very
grateful Mr Nakajima.
“This flag belongs to his family,
not me,” Mr Clare says.
Operating on a shoestring, the
Obon Society asks for no money from
either the sender or recipient of a
flag and has a network of 35
volunteers, primarily in Japan and
the US. The Ziaks work on the project
full time, supported by Mr Ziak’s
book sales and occasional lectures,
but he admits that he spends 70 per
cent of his time trying to find
funding. Yet the work is too
important for them to stop, they say.
“Often when we hand one of these
flags over, the families talk to it”, Mr
Ziak says. “They are consoling the
flag, reassuring the soldier that he has
returned home safely. We frequently
find that the families were also
traumatised by the war.
“Many veterans’ descendants need
these items to put their own hearts at
rest.”
More information: obonsociety.org
28
Thursday 12 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
***
Arts
Mozart, Haydn, and now … PlayStation music?
‘Beethoven
wanted to
put people in
an emotional
state of
mind. If he
were alive
today, he
would
compose for
games’
P
eruse the website of
the Royal
Philharmonic
Orchestra and you will
see a typically packed
April schedule –
Rachmaninov’s Piano
Concerto No 2,
Mozart’s Clarinet
Concerto, Haydn’s Mass in B-flat major.
Next month, however, the esteemed
orchestra will be turning its hand to
something a little different. In front of
5,000 concertgoers at the Royal Albert
Hall, it will be performing the music to
the video game Uncharted 2: Among
Thieves.
And not just Uncharted 2, but other
PlayStation titles too: its sequel
Uncharted 3: Drakes’s Deception, 2008’s
LittleBigPlanet, 2016’s The Last
Guardian and the multi-million-selling
Horizon Zero Dawn.
Accompanied by a spectacular light
show, the orchestral music is expected
to attract hundreds of people who have
never been to a classical concert before.
The event will also underline what a
force video game scores are now in the
world of classical music.
“This concert is a signpost for where
orchestral music is expanding,” says
James Williams, the RPO’s managing
director. “Many people today have
grown up with the music of video
games, and have come to love the
sound of the orchestra by playing.”
For those who do not play games, the
idea that they may have anything to
offer classical aficionados sounds
ridiculous. Games like PacMan and
Asteroids were played to a soundtrack
of primitive bleeps and bloops. But just
as games’ graphics have transformed
out of all recognition from those early
days, so too has the music.
Today, it is not unusual for game
companies with big budgets to employ
100-piece orchestras and pay
composers anywhere between £700
and £2,100 for a minute of music.
When you consider that a soundtrack
can be anything from 30 minutes to
GETTY IMAGES; PICTUREGROUP/OIC
As the classical
world tries to attract
younger audiences,
the answer may
lie in video games.
Jonathan Holmes
explains how
High score: at the Video Game Awards,
Lorne Balfe and orchestra perform scores
of top games; below, The Last Guardian;
right, Jessica Curry
three hours long, that means fees of
hundreds of thousands – an enormous
amount compared to what composers
might usually earn for commissions.
And the quality of the compositions
is high. When Classic FM published its
Hall of Fame in 2015 – described as the
world’s biggest annual survey of
classical music tastes – 12 of the 300
pieces were video game scores. Three
of those were in the top 13.
It prompted Classic FM to launch a
new show, High Score, dedicated to
game music. After the first series was
broadcast in April last year, it became
the most popular programme ever on
the station’s Listen Again service. That
first series (a second followed last
November) led to a 30 per cent increase
in young listeners for the station, but
also found a surprising audience
among older listeners.
“I was expecting quite a big kickback
from Classic FM’s traditional audience,”
says Jessica Curry, the show’s
presenter. “But what has been
wonderful is people saying, ‘I’ve never
played a game, I probably never will,
but this piece of music is absolutely
incredible, it blew me away.’ It’s really
gratifying to bring a new audience into
game music. These two worlds aren’t as
far apart as you may think.”
Curry, who will be presenting the
RPO concert at the Royal Albert Hall, is
herself a composer of game music and
won a Bafta for Everybody’s Gone to the
Rapture, a game about the apocalypse
set in a quiet Shropshire village.
“I was not a gamer: I grew up loving
romantics like Rachmaninoff, Chopin
and Prokofiev and I listened to a lot of
Ravel and Debussy,” she says. “I used to
associate games with hyper violence
and addiction. But now I think games
have huge cultural worth.”
Her music has an unmistakable
sense of British melancholy. “I’m very
into choral music,” she explains. “The
music for Rapture was influenced by
Duruflé’s Requiem.”
Game music, however, is different
from film music; it has to change
depending on what the player does. To
achieve this, composers write separate
layers of music representing different
states: one for normal gameplay
(exploration, say); slight tension (when
an opponent appears in the distance);
or lots of tension (a fight). They also use
loops – short chunks of music that
repeat, depending on how long the
player takes. Good gamers might be
quick to complete a level; novices may
take an hour. That means composers
have to keep the music flexible.
Curry, of course, concentrates on the
main theme music on High Score, in the
same way that Classic FM would only
play certain sections of Prokofiev’s
Romeo and Juliet. In Curry’s opinion,
though, some of the most exciting and
ambitious new classical compositions
are to be found in games. She highlights
the American composer Jason Graves,
whose credits include Tomb Raider and
who will also feature in the RPO’s
PlayStation in Concert.
Graves incorporated his love for
serialism, John Cage and Philip Glass
into his score for Dead Space 2, which
featured a string quartet. He thinks
composing for games allows a creative
freedom that traditional formats lack.
“I’m a big fan of Penderecki and
Ligeti, contemporary avant garde
music, but I also love The Beatles and
Enya,” he says. “Video games are the
only place I can use all of the desperate
clash of genres in my head.”
The audiences have followed: Graves
has played his scores all over the world,
from the US to the UK, Sweden and
Spain.
Fellow American composer Tommy
Tallarico has also been working to
bring gamers into the concert hall. The
release of Halo in 2001 – marking the
start of the mega-budget game – made a
sensation of its soundtrack, composed
by Martin O’Donnell and featuring
Gregorian chanting over militaristic
percussion. “Halo was our Star Wars
moment,” says Tallarico, who along
with fellow composer Jack Wall
launched the Video Games Live touring
show around this time.
Taking inspiration from his cousin,
Aerosmith frontman Steven Tyler,
Tallarico created a concert “that
showcased video game music in a
symphonic way, but combined it with
the energy and enthusiasm of a rock
concert.” The result is bombastic, but
the star remains the music.
“Beethoven wanted to put people in
an emotional state of mind with his
music,” he says, “If he were alive today,
he would compose for games.”
The Southbank Centre has
previously hosted Video Games Live,
and its director of music, Gillian Moore,
is a fan.
“I so don’t play video games,” she
says. “But I am absolutely aware of
what an important cultural form it is.”
She views gaming as a vital outlet for
orchestral music, pointing to its close
ties with Britain’s most venerated
orchestras. “Getting people in concert
halls listening to game music is very
valid,” Moore adds. “It’s not a stepping
stone to something else, it’s a great
thing in itself. As a musician, the
interactivity, how music changes with
the player’s actions, really excites me.”
Game music’s reputation is growing
all the time. Curry wants to go further.
“I love the Proms,” she says. “I love that
it’s in summer, that there’s a sense of
occasion and tradition. But I don’t
understand why there isn’t a video
game prom. I think it’s time.”
PlayStation in Concert is at the Royal
Albert Hall, London SW7, on May 30.
royalalberthall.com
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 12 April 2018
**
29
ALASTAIR MUIR; REG WILSON/REX/SHUTTERSTOCK
Arts
Welcome to the new
age of censorship
Fifty years after the Theatres Act, Dominic
Cavendish looks at today’s climate of offence
and asks if we are at risk of going backwards
I
t’s February 2009 and Richard
Bean’s play England People Very
Nice is knowingly parading a
stream of cartoonish East End
immigrants in front of National
Theatre audiences. There are
French Huguenots, Irish Catholics,
Jewish anarchists, and Bangladeshis
who straddle the divide between
western liberalism and militant Islam.
The play divides the critics, and some
voices denounce Bean as racist. But
it’s also a palpable talking-point hit,
enjoying 80 to 90 per cent houses.
“I don’t think I’d be able to write
England People Very Nice today,” Bean
declares, not even a full decade later.
“We’re living in such a febrile
atmosphere, where everyone takes
offence at everything. There’s an army
of thought-police out there. That
constrains you.”
This is an astonishing comment from
the man who delivered one of the
biggest hits of the Nicholas Hytner
years at the National, One Man, Two
Guvnors. But it’s particularly chastening
given that this year marks the 50th
anniversary of the end of stagecensorship. On September 26 1968,
following the passing of the Theatres
Act, playwrights no longer needed a
licence from the Lord Chamberlain to
perform their work, after centuries in
which those who failed to toe the line
were effectively banned.
We’ve surely come a long way from
1737, when Robert Walpole passed the
original Licensing Act in an attempt to
muzzle the playwrights of his day,
haven’t we? Indeed the National
Theatre’s revival this month of Rodney
Ackland’s Absolute Hell would seem to
emphasise the distance travelled. A
Chekhovian portrait of washed-out
drifters, servicemen and bohemians in
a Soho drinking den at the end of the
war, it was first staged as The Pink
Room in 1952. The reader’s report for
the Lord Chamberlain picked up on a
number of characters who were
“obviously perverted”. The licence was
only issued on the understanding that
the gay film director’s secretary was
not “to be played as a ‘pansy’” and the
character of “Bill”, the hanger-on of a
waspish literary lady, was “not to be
played as a lesbian”.
Dismissed by critics – even Kenneth
Tynan called it “broken-backed” – it
only achieved full realisation when
Ackland revised it for the Orange Tree,
Richmond in 1988. The homosexual
relationships no longer needed to be
closeted and opaque. The play was
such a triumph it was aired on BBC
Two in a new production starring Judi
Dench – Ackland just lived long enough
to see it being filmed.
Although many of the activities of
the Lord Chamberlain and his
mirthless men can seem comical with
hindsight, the deadening effect of
censorship was no laughing matter.
Aside from banning major playwrights
(the long list includes Ibsen,
Strindberg, Pirandello), the climate
fostered a spirit of self-censorship. As
Nicholas de Jongh argued in his book
Politics, Prudery and Perversions: “The
Divided: England People Very Nice
with Fred Ridgeway and Trevor Laird;
below, Judi Dench in Absolute Hell
damage done by these men was
enormous and enduring. They forced
English theatre to cut itself off from
depicting and discussing crucial
aspects of life with such thoroughness
that generations of playgoers came to
forget that theatre could be a forum for
expressing political or social protest.”
Have those shackles now been
replaced by invisible bonds of
constraint? Has the power of the Lord
Chamberlain not so much been
extinguished as mutated? That might
sound alarmist but Jodie Ginsberg,
from campaign group Index on
Censorship, argues that a cultural
shift, accentuated by the rise of online
social media, has created new
challenges. She cites as a prime
example Exhibit B, a performance art
installation at the Barbican in 2014 that
featured chained black actors in cages.
Intended as a critique of slavery it
was shut down after protests. “You
had a bunch of people who appeared
not to have seen the performance who
decided it was racist, got together a
petition and protested in a way that
caused enough concern for the police
to advise the venue to close it down.
That has huge ramifications. It’s
possible to get a momentum going that
moves from an outraged individual to
a social media mob to a physical
protest to prevent something being
shown that no one has actually seen.”
The threat extends to Shakespeare.
Patrick Spottiswoode, director of
education at Shakespeare’s Globe, says:
“We have a new puritanism now.
Schools in Canada and the States are
Chicago
Phoenix Theatre, WC2
★★★★★
By Ben Lawrence
I
n 1997, as a revival of Kander and
Ebb’s 1975 musical Chicago was
wowing critics in the West End,
Cuba Gooding Jr was winning an
Oscar for his performance as a
loudmouth American footballer in
Jerry Maguire.
What happened next was not a
meteoric rise but a stop-start career
which saw Gooding turn down
high-profile roles (as Ray Charles) and
make inadvisable choices (low point:
playing a straight man who
accidentally ends up on a gay cruise in
alleged comedy Boat Trip). But
Gooding is an engaging talent and his
performance as the disgraced former
actor in The People v OJ Simpson
reminded us that he is a force of nature
who can rip up the rule book, throwing
himself into a very believable portrayal
of controlling psychopathy.
Now he’s making his West End
debut in the well-worn role of
Chicago’s Billy Flynn (for the show’s
21st anniversary production) and, as
with his portrayal of Simpson, he has
made the role feel freshly minted.
Banish all thoughts of Richard
Gere’s blandly super-slick hotshot
lawyer in the 2002 film, or indeed any
of the dubious celebrity casting that
followed (remember Marti Pellow?).
Gooding (distracting and anachronistic
man-bun aside) is the real deal, making
Flynn an anxious doodlebug who you
feel could turn on a pin. When he
agrees to take on murderous wannabe
Freshly minted:
Cuba Gooding Jr as
Billy Flynn in
Chicago at the
Phoenix Theatre
TRISTRAM KENTON
Theatre
showgirl Roxie Hart, you really worry
if he can save her from the gallows.
It is easy for musical theatre actors
to swim in the shallow end of their
characters’ psychological states, but
Gooding gives a complete
performance, showing a touch of the
failed vaudevillian who knows his best
days are behind him.
But can he sing and dance? Certainly
Gooding can move, although he is only
really given the opportunity to show off
anything resembling proper athletics in
We Both Reached for the Gun and he
does so with a showman’s chutzpah.
His vocal talents are less in evidence,
however. He has a true voice – rasping
and rather plaintive – but it is too often
drowned out by the orchestra or
contrasting unfavourably with the truly
excellent ensemble.
Walter Bobbie’s direction (after the
great Bob Fosse) is superb and the
leanness of Kander and Ebb’s book
means that the whole thing rattles
along with gusto. Of the other lead
performances (which were variable), I
was most taken with Josefina
Gabrielle, simultaneously tough and
vulnerable as Roxie Hart’s nemesis
Velma Kelly, and Paul Rider, very
touching as Roxie’s cuckolded
husband, Amos.
This is a show with just the right
amount of razzle-dazzle and which
knows when to turn down the dial to
give its audience more reflective
moments, such as in the song Class.
Gooding shows he has that in spades.
Until Oct 6. Tickets: 0844 871 7627;
chicagothemusical.com
Absolute Hell is at the National Theatre
(0207 452 3000) from April 18; The
Assassination of Katie Hopkins is at Theatr
Clwyd (01352 701521), from April 20.
Entertainments
Theatres
ST MARTIN'S 020 7836 1443
HER MAJESTY'S 020 7087 7762
66th year of Agatha Christie's
THE BRILLIANT ORIGINAL
THE MOUSETRAP
THE PHANTOM OF THE OPERA
Mon-Sat 7:30pm, Mats Tues & Thurs 3 & Sat 4
www.the-mousetrap.co.uk
Mon-Sat 7.30, Thu & Sat 2.30
www.ThePhantomOfTheOpera.com
“Captivating” TIME OUT
**** FINANCIAL TIMES
QUEEN'S 0844 482 5160
THE MUSICAL PHENOMENON
Classy Gooding razzle-dazzles in revival
removing Shakespeare on the grounds
that they’re judging it to be anti-Semitic
or racist. They will read a character as if
they’re a spokesman for Shakespeare.
Fifty years ago we knew the Lord
Chamberlain represented censorship.
Now the censors are far less visible, and
much subtler, but they’re there.”
In the wake of demonstrations by
Sikh protesters that closed Gurpreet
Kaur Bhatti’s Behzti at the Birmingham
Rep in 2004, as well as the Exhibit B
debacle, Spottiswoode asks: “What
plays are we not seeing because people
don’t dare write them, or managements
don’t dare stage them?”
Bean is down-hearted but not yet
defeated. “Writers should be saying:
‘Oh look, there’s a hornets’ nest, let’s
get a stick and poke it’,” he says.
There are evidently some willing to
poke those nests. A new musical opens
this month at Theatr Clwyd in Mold,
Wales, called The Assassination of
Katie Hopkins, which posits the
scenario that one of the country’s most
divisive commentators has just been
murdered for her outspoken views.
“The last thing the show is doing is
advocating the assassination of Katie
Hopkins,” says its writer Chris Bush.
“That would be ethically problematic
and boring. It actually says something
about the position she occupies that
people have been quick to jump on this
idea that the show must be saying her
assassination would be a good thing.
Not at all. Instead we wanted to
challenge a liberal hypocrisy that exists
among some on the left – who would
absolutely abhor violence but would
sort of make an exception for someone
like Hopkins and get a bit giggly over it.
The show looks at the ramifications and
what happens to a society that already
feels bitterly divided.”
The Royal Court was the epicentre
of the push to end stage censorship in
the late Sixties. Yet the Court’s current
artistic director Vicky Featherstone
has recently been accused of it herself.
Last year she cancelled a run of
Andrea Dunbar’s Rita, Sue and Bob Too
in the wake of allegations made about
the production’s original co-director
Max Stafford-Clark – before reinstating
it following an outcry. More recently,
concerns were raised that a play about
life in Tibet – Pah-la by Abhishek
Majumdar – had been pulled after
British Council advice that it could
hinder the theatre’s work in China.
Featherstone however insists that
Pah-la got postponed for practical
reasons. As for Rita, Sue and Bob Too,
she argues: “There were definitely
some knee-jerk responses to us taking
it off from people who never came to
see it when it came back on. In the past
they wouldn’t have had a public forum
in which to express those views.”
She won’t condemn those outlets for
facilitating the expression of outrage,
though. “I think it’s too easy to say we
are more offended now. There was
always an aspect of human nature that
if we don’t like something, we will try
to close it down. All that has changed is
that we have different mechanisms.”
Yet she and other theatres are
determined to keep fighting. “If a
writer has written something good, we
want to put that on. The last thing we
want to have in theatre is censorship by
focus group.”
LES MISERABLÉS
Eves 7.30, Mats Wed & Sat 2.30
www.LesMis.com
Sheila Hancock
Bill Milner
HAROLD AND MAUDE
By Colin Higgins
Directed by Thom Southerland
CharingCrossTheatre.co.uk
08444-930650
Innocent, or
guilty? It’s
game on
Theatre
Quiz
Noël Coward Theatre
★★★★★
By Dominic Cavendish
J
ames Graham is the brain-box
playwright from Nottinghamshire
whose plays seem to glide into the
West End with the sort of mechanical
ease that puts you in mind of factoryfloor conveyor belts.
This House? Full house. Ink? Hold
the front-page. Labour of Love? Much
adored (newly Olivier-awarded). And
now comes Quiz – which is just the
biz, turning the curious 2001
“coughing Major” scandal on ITV’s
Who Wants To Be a Millionaire? into a
fun-filled anatomy of how hooked
people can get on TV game-shows
when the prize is right, and a
perturbing allegory for how easily
suckered we can be by barely
perceptible forces of manipulation.
I had a minor worry that I had been
so seduced by Graham’s modesty,
charm and industry during the show’s
Chichester run last year that I had
over-hyped the quality. But it earns its
place at the Noël Coward, the script
having been compacted so that it cuts
more to the chase, while Daniel Evans’
deluxe production answers the
requirements of a larger space so that
even if you’re sitting up in the dresscircle you feel included, goaded,
teased.
We’re constantly reminded we’re in a
theatre. Yet what with the roving crew,
the distracting bustle and the large
video screens showing live feeds, it’s as
if we’ve entered a TV studio.
Rewinding from the 2003 trial – which
found Major Charles Ingram guilty “of
procuring the execution of a valuable
security by deception” – we’re given a
potted history of light entertainment in
general, the show in particular, and the
way the Ingrams (Mr and Mrs) were
determined to get on Millionaire,
where, with the help of an accomplice, a
life-changing win became life-ruining.
The first half builds the case for the
prosecution – and we share in the
incredulity that crosses the furrowed
brow of Keir Charles’ grimacing
send-up of Chris Tarrant. Our
adrenalin levels are pumped by
showbizzy noise and fitful quiz-rounds
of our own (there are gizmos to press).
The second half, though, invites
sympathy for Gavin Spokes’ blustering
Major and Stephanie Street’s justtrying-to-help Diana Ingram as the
hesitations and agonies of the quizrounds are replayed and the evidence
tilts in flummoxing directions. We
vote, twice; a question of justice
becomes nail-biting entertainment
and certainty flies out the window.
Very neat. Very welcome.
Until June 16. Tickets: 0844 482 5140;
quiztheplay.com
30
Thursday 12 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
***
Court & Social
Court
Circular
WINDSOR CASTLE
April 11th
The Commonwealth SecretaryGeneral (the Baroness Scotland of
Asthal) was received by The
Queen today.
The Queen this evening gave a
Reception at Windsor Castle for
Her Majesty’s Ecclesiastical
Household.
CLARENCE HOUSE
April 11th
The Prince of Wales this morning
arrived at Heathrow Airport,
London, from Australia.
Mr Scott Furssedonn-Wood, Mr
Julian Payne and Miss Laura
Sullivan were in attendance.
KENSINGTON PALACE
April 11th
Prince Henry of Wales, Patron,
Walking With The Wounded
Walk of America, this morning
attended a Reception at the
Mandarin Oriental Hyde Park, 66
Knightsbridge, London SW1, and
was received by Mr Justin
Packshaw (Deputy Lieutenant of
Greater London).
BUCKINGHAM PALACE
April 11th
The Duke of York this morning
attended a Reception given by the
Chinese Ambassador (His
Excellency Mr Liu Xiaoming) at
One Great George Street, London
SW1.
His Royal Highness this
afternoon received His Excellency
Mr Antonio Costa (Prime Minister
of the Portuguese Republic).
BUCKINGHAM PALACE
April 11th
The Earl of Wessex, Vice Patron,
Commonwealth Games
Federation, today attended the
XXI Commonwealth Games on
the Gold Coast, Queensland,
Australia.
BUCKINGHAM PALACE
April 11th
The Princess Royal, Patron,
Shipwrecked Fishermen and
Mariners’ Royal Benevolent
Society, this morning received
Commodore Malcolm Williams,
RN, upon relinquishing his
appointment as Chief Executive
and Captain Justin Ormond, RN,
upon assuming the appointment.
Her Royal Highness, Patron,
Sense International, received Mr
John Crabtree upon relinquishing
his appointment as Chairman and
Dr Justin Molloy upon assuming
the appointment.
The Princess Royal today
presented The Princess Royal
Award and the Royal Dairy
Innovation Award for the Royal
Association of British Dairy
Farmers at Buckingham Palace.
Her Royal Highness, Patron,
English Rural Housing
Association, this afternoon opened
Mackmurdo Place Development,
Wickham Bishops, Witham, and
was received by Her Majesty’s
Lord-Lieutenant of Essex (Mrs
Jennifer Tolhurst).
The Princess Royal, Prime
Warden, the Fishmongers’
Company, accompanied by Vice
Admiral Sir Tim Laurence, this
evening attended a Livery Dinner
at Fishmongers’ Hall, London
Bridge, London EC4.
KENSINGTON PALACE
April 11th
The Duke of Gloucester this
morning unveiled the new Gates
at St George’s Garrison Church,
Woolwich, 5 Mill Lane, London
SE18, and was received by Mr
Pieter van de Merwe (Deputy
Lieutenant of Greater London).
His Royal Highness this
afternoon visited St Peter’s
Church, 103 Woolwich New Road,
London SE18.
The Duke of Gloucester, Royal
Patron, Peace and Prosperity
Trust, and The Duchess of
Gloucester this evening attended
the “Eastern Voices Western
Echoes – Magic of the Music”
Concert at Kensington Palace State
Apartments, and His Royal
Highness subsequently attended a
Dinner.
For more details about the Royal
Family visit the Royal website at
www.royal.uk
Today’s birthdays
Prof Bryan Magee, writer, is 88;
Miss Montserrat Caballé, opera
and concert singer, 85; Sir Alan
Ayckbourn, playwright and
director, 79; Mr Jacob Zuma,
former President of South Africa,
76; Lord Robertson of Port Ellen,
Secretary-General of Nato,
1999-2003, 72; Prof Sir Roy
Anderson, Rector, Imperial
College London, 2008-09; Chief
Scientific Adviser to the Ministry
of Defence, 2004-2008, 71; Mr
Woody Johnson IV, US
Ambassador to the UK, 71; Mr
Jonathan Jagger, Surgeon-Oculist
to the Queen, 67; Vice-Adml Sir
Charles Montgomery, Second Sea
Lord and C-in-C Naval Home
Command, 2010-12, 63; Mr
Charles Penney, Senior Partner,
Addleshaw Goddard, 58; Mr
Justice Cobb 56; Mr Mark
Simmonds, former Conservative
MP, 54; Mr Damian Hopley,
former England rugby union
player; Founder, Rugby Players’
Association, 48; and Ms Sara
Head, table tennis player;
Paralympic bronze medallist, team
class 1-3, London 2012, 38.
Today is the anniversary of the
death of President Roosevelt in
1945.
FIRST WORLD WAR
Mr W.A.H. Pringle and
Miss S. Brodie
The engagement is announced
between William, only son of
Major General and Mrs Andrew
Pringle, of Prospect Farm, Kington
Magna, Dorset, and Siobhain, elder
daughter of Dr and Mrs Colin
Brodie, of Grove Lodge,
Colchester, Essex.
Online ref: 552071
Mr J.E. Pass and
Miss O.L. Rawes
The engagement is announced
between Jack, son of Mr John Pass,
of Bearley, Warwickshire, and Mrs
Hilary Cload, of Warwick, and
Olivia, daughter of Mr and Mrs
Jonathan Rawes, of Putney,
London.
Online ref: 552066
Mr W.H. Butler and
Miss K.J. Bath
The engagement is announced
between William, younger son of
Malcolm and Caroline Butler, of
Bosham, West Sussex, and
Kathryn, only daughter of John
and Amanda Bath, of Tickenham,
north Somerset.
Online ref: 552121
Glovers' Company
Mr Alvan Seth-Smith, Master,
Glovers' Company, was the host at
a dinner held last night at Coopers'
Hall for Past Masters of the
Company.
Legal news
Ms Sarah Marjorie Ellington has
been appointed a District Judge
deployed to the South Eastern
Circuit, based at the Court of
Protection, with effect from May 8,
2018.
Bridge news
Cambridge has won the Portland
Bowl, the Universities’ Bridge
Championship, for the fifth
consecutive time, writes Julian
Pottage, Bridge Correspondent.
In the final, the Cambridge ‘B’
team, Freddie Illingworth, Ryan
Chan, Kripa Panchagnula and
Jonathan Clark, beat the Oxford ‘A’
team of Ewa Wieczorek, Federico
Lombardi, Peter Banks and Alex
Roberts. In the semi-finals,
Cambridge B had walked over
Cambridge A, while Oxford A had
beaten Warwick A. 18 teams had
originally entered.
LONDON, FRIDAY APRIL 12, 1918
STRUGGLE FOR
MESSINES RIDGE.
CAPTURED AND
RETAKEN.
DESPERATE
CONFLICTS.
From PHILIP GIBBS. WAR
CORRESPONDENTS’
HEADQUARTERS, FRANCE,
Thursday.
Yesterday afternoon and to-day the enemy has
exerted all his strength in men and guns in the battle now raging from the River Lys to Wytschaete,
and our troops have been fighting without respite
to hold him on our main defensive positions, and
thrust him back from important ground by
repeated counter-attacks. Once again our men are
outnumbered, and it is only by the courage and
stubborn will of battalions weakened by losses
and of small parties holding out with grim valour,
and of individual soldiers animating their comrades by acts of brave example, that the enemy has
been unable to make rapid progress, and, as at
Wytschaete and Messines and Steenwerck, has
been flung back with most bloody losses.
Our men have had to give ground along the
Lys Canal south of Armentieres, blowing up
bridges behind them and the railway bridge
at Armentières, and the enemy is now trying
to thrust forward south of Merville by bending back our line from Lestrem and getting
his guns across the Lys. This he has been able
to do in some places by temporary bridges,
which we have shelled to pieces as he crossed,
and under our fire his engineers ate trying to
build a stronger bridge south-west of Erquinghem, where in happier days we had a Red
Cross hospital. We have had to fall back from
Armentières, holding the line from Nieppe to
Steenwerck, and the city is now a kind of No
Man’s Land between the lines. This morning
ceaseless tumult of gunfire was loud and terrible over all this countryside, and there were
strange and thrilling scenes on all roads leading to the battle zone, where our infantry and
gunners were going forward to stem the tide,
and masses of transport moved, and civilians
passed them in the retreat to the villages outside the wide area of shell-range, and
wounded men came staggering down afoot if
they could walk or were brought down by
ambulances threading their way through
all this surge and swirl of war if they were
badly hit.
DEADLY BLOW AT
ENEMY.
No man who had any strength to walk would use
an ambulance wanted for his weaker comrades,
and I saw some little groups of English and Scottish soldiers with bandaged arms and heads standing about for rest on their way back chatting quietly to villagers, old women and girls, mixed up in
the most tragic way with the scenes of war which
have suddenly engulfed their homes as the tide
beats closer. Here and there, stretcher-bearers
waited with their burdens on the roadsides,
among them men of the Black Watch, with the red
hackle, in their bonnets, calm and grave like statues beside their wounded comrades lying there
with white upturned faces and never a murmur or
groan. They were the heroes who yesterday with
gallant hearts came up at a great pace when the
enemy was in Wytschaete and Messines, and in a
fierce counter-attack drove him off the crest of the
ridge and dealt him a deadly blow. There the
enemy yesterday fell in great numbers, and his
dead lie thick; and, though he came on in wave
after wave after all his day’s agony and struggle,
he has not gained a yard of the crest, but. is beaten
back to the reverse side of the slope.
I have already told how south of Armentières, between Neuve Chapelle and Fleurbaix, the centre of our line was pressed bask
by hammer-blows against the Portuguese,
but how Lancashire men of the 55th Division
held firm on the right wing by Givenchy by
attacks and counter-attacks, in which that
patch of ruined earth changed hands several
times. Yesterday and to-day the enemy has
renewed his attacks there without success,
and though those Lancashire lads have been
hard pressed, they have never given up their
position, and have killed uncountable numbers of German storm troops. They say that
they have wiped out wave after wave and
company after company, but always more
men come as though with inexhaustible
reserves.
ARNOLDI.—Helmut Werner, passed
away peacefully on the evening of 5th
April in Epsom General Hospital, aged
88. Much loved husband of Sheila, he
will be missed greatly also by Jonathan,
Alison, Matthew, Kym, Sarah, Owen,
Rosie, family, friends, former colleagues
and many more. Helmut’s Funeral
Service will take place at St Mary’s
Church, Stoke Road, Stoke d’Abernon,
near Cobham, KT11 3PX, on Thursday
26th April at 3 p.m. and afterwards at the
Church Hall beside St Mary’s. Family
flowers only, donations to the British
Heart Foundation,
https://giftoope.bhf.org.uk/InMemory/Helmut-Werner-Arnoldi.
Online ref: 552224
ARSCOTT.—Daphne BEM, passed away
on 3rd April 2018, aged 92 years. Latterly
WRVS Bristol District City Organiser
and volunteer at Bristol Royal Infirmary
for many years. Funeral Service to be
held at South Bristol Crematorium on
Monday 30th April 2018 at 3 p.m.
Flowers welcome or donations to Help
for Heroes may be sent c/o Thomas
Davis Funeral Directors, 3 Gateway
House, Rodney Road, Backwell, Bristol
BS48 3HL. Tel: 01275 400328.
Online ref: 552242
BINGHAM.—Anthony Hugh "Tony",
tragically played his last innings on
March 11th in Tenterden. A devoted
husband to Susie, loving Daddy to Polly,
Edward and Sophie and Bampar to
Jemima, Freddie, Lily and Eliza. A genial
friend to many. Memorial Service on
Friday April 27th at 2.30 p.m., St
Mildred's Tenterden TN30 6AT.
Bright colours please and no flowers.
Enquiries: T.W. Fuggle & Son,
01580 763340.
See you in the Warner Stand darling.
Online ref: 552192
BURGESS.—Henry Michael "Mike"
passed away on Sunday 18th March 2018
aged 84, following sudden illness. Now
re-united with his beloved wife Eva.
Loving and wonderful father, brother,
grandfather and great-grandfather. He
will be greatly missed by us all.
Online ref: A223313
BUTTERWORTH.—David Carroll,
loving husband of Judith, passed away
peacefully at his home in Cheshire on
Tuesday 27th March 2018, aged 80 years.
A loving father, grandfather and great
grandfather. Donations and all enquiries
regarding funeral arrangements to
Dodgson’s Funeral Service, 25
Manchester Road, Knutsford, WA16
0LY. Tel: 01565 634251.
Online ref: 552178
DENNISON.—Sheila Helen (née Collins)
died peacefully at home on 26th March
2018, 3 days before her Diamond
Wedding Anniversary. She was the
beloved wife of Col W T (Danny)
Dennison, the loving and devoted
mother of 4 sons, grandmother of 7
grandsons and one granddaughter. She
will be greatly missed. A private family
funeral ceremony and celebration of her
life was held at Riverstone Hall,
Buckfastleigh on 5th April 2018.
Online ref: A223385
EYRE.—John Jeremy Eyre on 24th
March 2018, aged 83 years. Much loved
husband of the late Rachel, father of
Francis and Charles, and granddad of
Emilia, Imogen, Ellida, Estella and
Francesca. Service of Thanksgiving at St.
Saviour’s Church, Oxton, Birkenhead,
on Friday 20th April at 12 noon. No
flowers please. Donations if desired to
The St John of Jerusalem Eye Hospital
Group. Enquiries to Charles Stephens
Funeral Directors. Tel: 0151 645 4396.
Online ref: 552194
telegraph.co.uk/news/ww1-archive
March weather
The month began with an
exceptionally cold easterly flow
and widespread snow and daytime
temperatures remained below
freezing in many parts of the
country. It turned milder from the
south during the first week and
until mid-March the weather was
generally wet and cloudy for most,
with low pressure dominant, but
north-western areas remained drier.
A second cold easterly outbreak
brought widespread snow on the
17th and 18th, though this was not
as severe as at the beginning of the
REYNOLDS.—On 7th April 2018, at
2.30 a.m., to Claire and Guy, a daughter,
Matilda (Milly) Rose Elizabeth, a sister
for Alice.
Online ref: A223412
month. After a brief dry sunny
spell, the milder, unsettled regime
returned for the rest of the month.
The provisional UK mean
temperature was 3.8 °C, which is
1.6 °C below the 1981 to 2010
long-term average, but it was
significantly less cold than March
2013. Mean maximum temperatures
were between 1.5 and 2.0 °C below
average in most areas, while mean
minimum temperatures were
mostly between 1.0 and 1.5 °C
below, nearer 2 °C below in
Northern Ireland, however.
Rainfall was 110pc of average and
some places, notably Devon, the
Midlands and some eastern coastal
counties, had more than twice the
normal amount. In contrast,
Cumbria and western Scotland to
the north of the Central Lowlands,
were much drier than average.
Sunshine was 83pc of average, with
most of England, Wales and eastern
Scotland being dull, but most areas
bordering the Irish Sea had near
average sunshine. The Western
Isles had a sunny March.
The UK monthly extremes were
as follows: a maximum temperature
of 16.6 °C was recorded at Colwyn
Bay, Clwyd, on the 10th and a
minimum temperature of -10.7 °C
was recorded at Cawdor Castle,
Nairnshire, on the 1st; in the
24 hours ending at 9 am on the 15th,
70.6 mm of rain fell at Trassey
Slievenaman, County Down;
wind gusts of 73 knots (84 mph)
were recorded at Warcop, Cumbria,
on the 2nd and 17th; and a snow
depth of 57 cm was recorded at
Little Rissington, Gloucestershire,
on the 4th.
FORSHEW.—(née Coker) Coral Barbara,
passed away on 1st April 2018, aged 92
years, of Bude. All enquiries to The
Arthur W. Bryant Funeral Service.
Tel: 01288 352282.
Online ref: 552146
GANDY.—Sheila Mary (née Norris) died
March 21st 2018. A much loved aunt and
friend. Funeral at Randalls Park
Crematorium, Leatherhead on April
26th at 2 p.m. In lieu of flowers
donations can be made to The Princess
Alice Hospice.
Online ref: A223334
HAWKINS.—Susan (née Brook), passed
away peacefully in Southampton
General Hospital on 29th March. She
will be sadly missed by beloved sons
Thomas and Nicholas, and
grandchildren George, Grace and
Edward. There will be a private family
cremation prior to a Thanksgiving
Service at St Peter’s Church, Addingham
at 11.30 a.m. on 23rd April 2018. Family
flowers only please, any donations to
cancer and nursing home charities may
be sent via H Eaton & Sons, Ashlands Rd,
Ilkley LS29 8JT. Tel: 01943 607360.
Online ref: 552210
HEAVEN.—Margaret (Peggy) née
Loring, aged 97, peacefully at Albany
House, Tisbury, on 5th April, 2018.
Widow of her beloved Richard. Greatly
loved by family and friends. Requiem
Mass at Wardour Chapel, near Tisbury,
SP3 6RH, Saturday 21st April at
10.30 a.m. Family flowers only.
Donations to Wardour Chapel Trust c/o
Chris White Funeral Directors.
Tel: 01722 568216.
Online ref: 552083
HUMPHREY.—Kenneth (Ken), a
wartime evacuee to South Africa, died
peacefully on 6th April at home, aged 91.
Beloved husband of Hilla (deceased) and
father of Nigel and Linda and
father-in-law of Barbara and Robin and
step-grandfather to Joanne and
Charlotte. Enquiries to Family Funeral
Service. Tel: 01622 260210.
Online ref: A223388
MARSH.—Richard Henry. Passed away
peacefully on 2nd April 2018, at the
Norfolk and Norwich University
Hospital, aged 75. Loving husband to
Valerie, wonderful father to Jane and
stepson Oliver. Funeral to take place on
20th April at 12 noon at St Andrew's
Church, Holt, Norfolk and afterwards at
the Blakeney Hotel. No flowers please,
but donations, if desired, with cheques
made payable to Cancer Research UK,
c/o Lloyd Durham Funeral Services,
Avenue Road, High Kelling, NR25 6RD.
Online ref: 552213
MARSHALL.—Dr Dorothy, on 8th April
2018 at Merse House, Kirkcudbright,
formerly of Smith Street, Chelsea,
London and latterly Kippford. Funeral
Service will be held on Wednesday 18th
April at Roucan Loch Crematorium,
Dumfries at 10 a.m.
Online ref: 552122
MAYNARD.—Pamela Mary died
peacefully on 4th April 2018, aged 95.
Much loved aunt, great aunt and cousin.
A Service will be held at 1.30 p.m. on
Thursday 3rd May at Cheltenham
Crematorium, Bouncers Lane,
Cheltenham GL52 5JT. No flowers
please but donations, if desired, to RNLI
c/o W F Trenhaile Funeral Directors at
Apostle House, London Road,
Cheltenham, Gloucestershire GL52
6HN. Tel: 01242 224897.
Online ref: 552179
MEES.—Natalie Eileen (née Balck-Foote)
died peacefully 25th March 2018 aged
89. Beloved sister and aunt. Funeral at St
Mary's, Selborne on 17th April 11 a.m.
Family flowers only.
Online ref: 552219
MICHAEL.—Mary Ann Phyllis (née
Sadler) on 29th March 2018. Beloved
wife of William, mother and
grandmother. Funeral to be held at St
Mark’s Church, Bromley, on Tuesday
8th May at 11.45 a.m. Family flowers
only. Donations, if desired, to St
Christopher’s Hospice. Enquiries to
Copelands, Beckenham.
Tel: 020 8650 2295.
Online ref: A35803
NEMETH.—Cyril MBE died peacefully,
aged 90, on 10th April 2018. Doctor and
former Lord Mayor of Westminster,
much loved by his wife Lucille of almost
66 years, his brother Gerry and his
children Richard and the late Gillian. He
will be greatly missed by his family,
friends, colleagues and patients all over
the world. Funeral will be at Bushey
cemetery, Hertfordshire, on 12th April
2018. No flowers please.
Online ref: A223410
NICHOLSON.—Margot Rose Marie.
Sadly passed away on Wednesday 4th
April, aged 92. For funeral details please
contact Stoneman Funeral Service,
01737 814406
Online ref: A223384
ROBERTS.—Nicholas Llewellyn, late of
Hartford Cambs, died peacefully on
March 24th in Sheffield. Devoted
husband to the late Pauline, beloved
stepfather, grandfather and brother.
Funeral Service at The West Chapel,
Cambridge Crematorium on April 18th at
1.30 p.m. Family flowers only or kind
donations to Macmillan Cancer Support
c/o William Peacock's, Huntingdon.
Online ref: A223414
ROUGHTON.—Greta died peacefully on
29th March 2018. Beloved wife of Jack
(d. 2001), loving mother of Andrew,
Simon and Julia, mother-in-law of Jules,
Rosie and Chris and much loved
grandmother to William, Paul, Rachel,
Edward, Emily, James, Anna and Mark.
Funeral Service at Alford Crematorium
on Friday 27th April at 12 noon.
Donations may be sent to Marie Curie
c/o Lincolnshire Co-operative Funeral
Service, Trusthorpe Road, Sutton on
Sea, LN12 2LL. Tel: 01507 441271.
Online ref: 552126
WEDDLE.—On 2nd April 2018, Ian,
retired Wing Commander of
Helpringham, Lincs. Private
cremation. All enquiries to J.E. Severs
Funeral Service, 26 Main Road, Little
Hale, Sleaford, Lincs. Tel: 01529 460339.
Online ref: 552215
YOUNG.—John Munroe. Passed away
peacefully in Chichester, on 23rd March
aged 87 years. He will be sadly missed by
all of his family and friends. A
Celebration of his life will be held at
Chichester Crematorium on Friday 20th
April at 4.15 p.m. Family flowers only
please, but donations, if desired, to
Cancer Research UK, IFAW, or RSPB
may be sent c/o Reynolds Funeral
Service, 43 Spitalfield Lane, Chichester
PO19 6SG.
Online ref: 552145
I HAVE learned, in whatsoever state I
am, therewith to be content. I know
both how to be abased, and I know how
to abound: everywhere and in all things
I am instructed both to be full and to be
hungry, both to abound and to suffer
need. I can do all things through Christ
which strengtheneth me.
Philippians 4.11-13
HONEY-BEE CREWE-READ is twenty
one today. Greatly adored and loved
daughter of David and Emma, big sister
to Sacha and Charlie.
Online ref: 552089
APPOINTMENT NOREG LTD.
(In Voluntary Liquidation)
Company Number: 285762
NOTICE is hereby given pursuant to
Section 204(1)(a)(i) of the BVI Business
Companies Act, 2004 that the Company
is in voluntary liquidation. The
voluntary liquidation commenced on
27th March 2018. The Liquidator is
Kerry Graziola of Harneys Corporate
Services Limited, Craigmuir Chambers,
PO Box 71, Road Town, Tortola, British
Virgin Islands. Dated 27th March 2018.
Sgd. Kerry Graziola, Liquidator.
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 12 April 2018
***
31
Obituaries
Peter Munk
Johan van Hulst
Entrepreneur with a liking for fedora hats who built the world’s largest gold mining company
VINCE TALOTTA/TORONTO STAR VIA GETTY IMAGES
P
ETER MUNK, who has died
aged 90, was a Hungarianborn immigrant to Canada
who built the world’s
largest gold mining
company.
Barrick Gold, now valued at more
than 27 billion Canadian dollars
(£17 billion), had its origins in a small
gold mine in Ontario that was acquired
by Munk and his associates in 1983,
after they had previously ventured with
mixed success in consumer electronics,
resort hotels and oil and gas.
Barrick’s prospects were
transformed in 1986 when Munk
bought Goldstrike, a Nevada mine
with estimated reserves of
600,000 ounces of gold that
subsequently turned out to be more
than 20 million ounces.
The company expanded over the
subsequent decades with audacious
investments in Africa, Australasia and
Saudi Arabia as well as in North and
South America. Munk, a sophisticated
financier rather than a hands-on mine
manager, recognised the importance
of building a strong technical team
around him, valuing the expertise that
came with the acquisitions as much as
the precious metal in the ground.
Not all Barrick’s developments were
winners, and the company faced
criticism for the conditions in some of
its mines, but the C$10 billion takeover
of the Canadian group Placer Dome in
2006 made Barrick the industry’s
global leader. Munk finally retired in
2014, remaining chairman emeritus.
Peter Meir Abraham Munk was born
into a wealthy Budapest family on
November 8 1927. After the Nazi
invasion of Hungary in 1944, he and
other family members left for
Switzerland on the “Kastner train”, in a
Munk: he became a
billionaire after
several false starts
“blood for goods” exchange negotiated
with Adolf Eichman that enabled more
than 1,600 Jews to escape.
Munk’s mother, who had separated
from his father, was not on the train
and was sent to Auschwitz – but
survived, and was credited with
persuading her son to join an uncle in
Canada after the war. Peter arrived in
Toronto in 1948 to study electrical
engineering, “not speaking the
language and not knowing a dog”. For
the rest of his life he expressed deep
gratitude to a country “that does not
ask your origins, it only concerns itself
with your destiny”.
As an undergraduate he started a
small business employing fellow
students to sell Christmas trees
outside Toronto supermarkets.
In 1958, with C$3,000 from his
father-in-law, he co-founded
Clairtone, a manufacturer of stereo
systems and later televisions.
The contemporary designs of
Clairtone’s cabinets won celebrity
endorsement from the likes of Frank
Sinatra and Oscar Peterson, but
over-expansion brought the company
to its knees in 1971 in an affair that left
large debts owed to the Nova Scotia
provincial government.
Munk and his business partner
David Gilmour decided to rebuild their
fortunes outside Canada – by buying
shoreline property in Fiji and going on
to develop a chain of resort hotel
investments in Australia and the South
Pacific. A decade later the business
was sold for $128 million.
They returned to Canada in 1979 to
try their hand in oil and gas and to
launch a successful US property
company, Trizec. But memories of
Clairtone lingered among Toronto’s
financial establishment, where in
Munk’s own account he and Gilmour
were regarded as “fugitives and
losers”. Noted for his signature fedora
hats, Munk was courteous in style but
steely in his determination to win over
detractors and build a world-class
Canadian business. His daughter Nina
wrote of him: “The more impossible
the situation, the more single-minded
he becomes.”
The opportunities his adopted
country had given him were repaid
through philanthropy, which he also
saw as a matter of duty: “You are
entitled to the joy of this creation [of
wealth]. But ultimately society makes
it possible, and this wealth should flow
back to society.”
Donations of more than
C$300 million included C$47 million
to his alma mater, the University of
Toronto, to found the Munk School of
Global Affairs, and more than
C$175 million to Toronto General
Hospital, most recently to fund a
cardiac centre; Munk himself wore a
pacemaker and had heart problems.
Munk’s later private ventures
included the development of a
super-yacht marina at Tivat, a former
Soviet naval base in Montenegro,
where his co-investors were said to
include the Rothschild family and the
Russian oligarch Oleg Deripaska.
A skier into his eighties, Munk kept
a chalet at Klosters as well as homes in
Ontario and Paris and a 141ft motor
yacht, Golden Eagle.
In 2008 he was appointed
Companion of the Order of Canada,
the country’s highest civilian honour.
Peter Munk married first, in 1956,
Linda Gutterson; the marriage was
dissolved and he married secondly, in
1973, Melanie Bosanquet, who survives
him with their two children, and three
children of his first marriage.
Peter Munk, born November 8 1927,
died March 28 2018
Lieutenant-Colonel Ian Hywel-Jones
Officer who was awarded the Military Cross after taking part in an unusual ambush in Malaya
L
IEUTENANT-COLONEL IAN
HYWEL-JONES, who has died
aged 85, was awarded an MC
in Malaya in 1956; he
subsequently worked for the Foreign
and Commonwealth Office.
In 1955 Hywel-Jones, serving with
1st Battalion The South Wales
Borderers (1 SWB), was posted to
Malaya during the Emergency as the
battalion’s intelligence officer. In the
operations room, he and his staff,
surrounded by large maps and aerial
photographs, logged every scrap of
information about the communist
terrorists in the area.
In December, 1 SWB moved to
Kluang where Hywel-Jones built up a
thorough knowledge of the terrain and
habits of the terrorists. Most of the
fighting in the jungles was undertaken
by small patrols. Taking only one or
two men, usually at night, he brought
back important information on which
battalion plans could be based and
sought every opportunity to join
ambush and assault parties.
The terrorists, who had been living
for years as hunted animals, had
acquired an instinct for danger
and lightning-fast reactions and
Hywel-Jones had to match them.
In June 1956 he was one of a party of
eight who took part in a rather
unusual ambush operation.
In the preparations, nothing could
be left to chance. Every inch of
exposed skin had to be smeared with
black grease paint. Hair cream had to
be washed off because the terrorists
had a very keen sense of smell.
Anything that could possibly rattle –
rifle sling swivels or metal buckles –
was secured with adhesive tape.
Watches, which could glint in the sun,
were kept hidden.
The problem was to arrive at the
ambush position undetected. To go by
truck was to risk word getting out that
an operation was in progress. To walk,
even by night, ran the danger that
footprints would be spotted in the
morning and the terrorists warned.
Shortly after midnight, the party
concealed themselves in an armoured
Hywel-Jones, right,
gives a briefing in
the battalion
operations room
in Belfast, 1973
wagon that was used to run ahead of
passenger trains to alert the driver of
attempts to sabotage the railway. They
rattled along the line in this trolley
and, at a secluded spot, the driver
slowed to allow the ambush party to
jump out, slide down the
embankment and wait in the shadows
for the following passenger train
to pass.
It was 3am when they set off in
single file, the last man walking
backwards and brushing away every
trace of their footprints. Silent and
motionless, they lay up in a thick
clump of bushes close to the track.
The position had been selected by
an informer who was to lead the
terrorists into the trap and who was
relying on a strip of cloth around his
neck, almost indistinguishable from
his skin, to avoid being shot himself.
At 9am four figures came down the
track. They all wore khaki drill with a
red star in their peaked caps. One was
killed while another was wounded but
escaped with a comrade.
The informer should have been in
the lead but was out of position and
was shot in the legs by mistake. Rather
incongruously, he ended up in a
hospital bed next to one of the ambush
party who had also been wounded.
Hywel-Jones was recommended for
his Military Cross by LieutenantColonel Richard Miers, his CO, who
paid tribute to the young officer’s
outstanding initiative, skill and steady
courage during 18 months of a most
demanding campaign.
Robert Ian Hywel-Jones was born
on June 4 1932 at Colwyn Bay, North
Wales. His father was a manager of the
Midland Bank, Leominster. Young Ian
attended Birkenhead School before
being called up for National Service.
He completed his basic training
with the Royal Welch Fusiliers at
Wrexham and, after attending RMA
Sandhurst, in 1952 he was
commissioned into 1 SWB. Three
years of regimental soldiering
included an appointment as ADC to
the Commandant of the British Sector
in Berlin.
After operations in Malaya,
Hywel-Jones returned with the
battalion to England and was posted
to HQ 44th Parachute Brigade, based
in the Duke of York’s Barracks,
Chelsea. Following a three-month
attachment to “D” Squadron 22nd SAS
Regiment in Oman, he returned to
1 SWB at Minden, BAOR.
In 1964 he moved to the HQ Federal
Regular Army in Aden. This
operational tour was followed by two
years in Cardiff as training major to
the Welsh Volunteers. The posting
coincided with the merger of the
regular soldiers of SWB and the Welch
Regiment to form The Royal
Regiment of Wales (RRW).
In August 1969, when 1 RRW moved
to Belfast on internal security duties,
Hywel-Jones was appointed the
battalion’s community relations officer.
This was only a two-month tour and,
on their posting to Osnabrück, BAOR,
he was sent to the Abu Dhabi Defence
Force as training officer.
A spell as second-in-command of
1 RRW in BAOR was interrupted by
tours in Northern Ireland in 1972 and
1973. During these he played an
important role running the battalion’s
operations control room. After a staff
appointment at the MoD, Stanmore,
he moved to Tehran as assistant
defence attaché in the British
Embassy.
In 1979 the Embassy was forced to
close and Hywel-Jones and his wife
were evacuated. But he returned to
the Middle East as defence attaché at
the British Consulate in Jeddah. This
was his final posting and he retired
from the Army in September 1983.
Hywel-Jones and his wife moved to
Fulham, west London, and he took a
civilian job with the Foreign Office.
He was responsible for the welfare of
British Army officers and their
families posted to British embassies
around the world. He retired for the
second time in 1996 and the following
year was appointed MBE.
Then, sponsored by the Victoria
Cross and George Cross Association,
he embarked on the compilation of a
register of biographical details of
those awarded Britain’s two highest
awards for gallantry. It was a
considerable undertaking requiring
meticulous accuracy and, after more
than 12 years of work, The Victoria
Cross and the George Cross, containing
some 1,500 entries of recipients,
was published in November 2013 in
three volumes.
Music was always an important part
of Hywel-Jones’s life, and while at the
FCO he joined the Treasury Singers,
comprising members of the Treasury,
Foreign Office and Cabinet Office.
Ian Hywel-Jones married, in 1965,
Merilyn Booker, whom he had met in
Berlin. She predeceased him. There
were no children.
Lt-Col Ian Hywel-Jones, born
June 4 1932, died January 12 2018
Baroness Farrington of Ribbleton
Former local councillor who became a respected government whip in the Lords under Blair and Brown
B
ARONESS FARRINGTON OF
RIBBLETON, who has died
aged 77, chaired Lancashire
education committee for a
decade, then was a government whip
in the Lords throughout the 13 years of
the Blair-Brown government.
Labour – and Lancashire – to her
fingertips, Josie Farrington chaired
her council and the Association of
County Councils (ACC), was active in
the Council of Europe and the EU
Committee of the Regions, being
named UK European Woman of the
Year in 1974. But she made her mark in
the Lords as arguably the most
effective of the Labour whips, and for
her down-to-earth contributions
to debate.
In July 2015 she convulsed the
House when, during a debate on the
pet passport scheme, she recalled
what had happened when the family’s
tame ferret got up the trouser leg of
one of her sons. “She did enjoy trouser
legs, and it’s very important for people
to take care,” she concluded.
Lady Farrington made a highly
Lady Farrington:
she had their
lordships and
ladyships in stitches
with a story about
her family’s tame
ferret
practical point when, in 2013, peers
discussed the fallout from Clause 28,
which had formerly outlawed the
propagation of homosexuality in
schools. She recalled that when the
head of a Lancashire school asked the
children to draw a Christmas morning
scene, one produced a picture of
herself tucked up with her “two
mummies”.
“We have to stop preventing
teachers teaching children about the
world in which they are growing up.”
she said. “I may not like particular
aspects of life. I am not awfully fond of
rap, but that is an age thing, not an
artistic judgment.”
Born Josephine Cayless on June 29
1940, she was elected to Preston
borough council in 1973, and to
Lancashire county council in 1976,
chairing its education committee from
1981 and the council itself in 1992.
In 1987 she crossed swords with
Kenneth Baker, the Conservative
Education Secretary, insisting that
northern schools were receiving less
than their fair share of capital funding
despite his denials.
From 1987 to 1994 she led the Labour
group on the ACC, chairing that body
from 1994 to 1996 when Labour held
the majority of the English counties.
From 1981 to 1994 she served on the
Council of Europe’s standing
conference of local authorities, for the
final five years chairing its committee
for education, training and the regions.
From 1994 she held a similar post on
the Committee of the Regions. She was
also an international observer at
elections in Albania, Poland and
Ukraine.
Josie Farrington twice fought
unwinnable seats for Labour: West
Lancashire at the 1983 general
election, when she came 6,858 votes
behind the Conservatives’ Ken Hind,
and Ribble Valley in a 1991 by-election,
coming third when the Conservatives
lost a safe seat to Michael Carr of the
Liberal Democrats.
She was created a life peer –
Baroness Farrington of Ribbleton – in
1994, and after Labour’s victory in 1997
was appointed a Baroness in Waiting,
or government whip. In this capacity
she spoke for the government on the
environment, rural affairs and
Northern Ireland.
Josephine Cayless married Michael
Farrington in 1960. He survives her,
with their three sons.
Baroness Farrington of Ribbleton,
born June 29 1940, died
March 30 2018
Dutch teacher who saved 600
Jewish children from the Nazis
J
OHAN VAN HULST,
who has died aged 107,
was a Dutchman
credited with saving up to
600 Jewish children from
being sent to Nazi
concentration camps during
a daring rescue operation in
the spring and summer of
1943 while his country was
occupied by German forces.
The previous year he had
been appointed principal of
a Protestant teacher training
college in Amsterdam, next
door to the Hollandsche
Schouwburg, a former
theatre where Jews issued
with deportation notices
were ordered to assemble.
There, children aged from a
few months up to the age of
12 were separated from their
families and sent to a creche
that shared a hedge with
Van Hulst’s college.
Approached by Henriëtte
Pimentel, the creche
director, van Hulst arranged
for many of the children
simply to be passed though
the hedge and then
concealed in a classroom.
Some parents were
doubtful about having their
children taken away in this
manner, but others were
convinced that it remained
the only hope for their
offspring. Walter Süskind, a
German refugee who ran
the theatre, was able to
arrange for the children’s
names to disappear from the
Nazis’ lists.
Several methods were
used to smuggle them on to
safe houses: some were
hidden in laundry baskets;
others were ridden out on
bicycles by trainee teachers
acting as if the child were
their own; at times a passing
tram momentarily blocked
the view of the Nazi guards
as the children were
whisked away.
Speaking just before his
100th birthday, van Hulst
explained that, despite its
proximity to the deportation
centre, the Germans paid
little attention to his college.
“Probably because I
deliberately acted like I
didn’t want anything to do
with the Hollandsche
Schouwburg and the Jews,”
he said.
On one occasion an
official from the Education
Ministry visited. Finding
several children in the
college he asked if they
were Jewish. Van Hulst
recalled that after a long
silence he replied: “You
don’t really expect me to
answer that, do you?” To his
relief, the inspector did
nothing.
Van Hulst’s operation
ended on September 23 1943
when Henriëtte Pimentel
and 100 remaining children
Van Hulst: ‘I took 12 children.
Later I asked, why not 13?’
were deported to
concentration camps.
Knowing that the nursery
was about to be closed, van
Hulst had fled with as many
children as possible.
Choosing who would
accompany him was a
decision that haunted him
for the rest of his life.
“You know for a fact that
the children you leave
behind are going to die,”
he said. “I took 12 with me.
Later on, I asked myself,
why not 13?”
Johan Wilhelm van Hulst
was born on January 28 1911,
the son of a furniture
upholsterer, and studied
psychology and pedagogy at
Vrije University in
Amsterdam.
He started lecturing at the
training college in 1938,
soon becoming deputy
principal. When funding
cuts threatened the college’s
future he raised the money
to enable it to continue, as a
result of which in 1942 he
became principal.
After the war he also went
into politics, serving in the
Dutch Senate from 1956 to
1981 and as an MEP from
1961 to 1968. In 1972 he was
named one of the Righteous
Among the Nations by Yad
Vashem, the Holocaust
remembrance centre in
Israel. The site of his former
teacher training college is
now the Dutch National
Holocaust Museum.
Van Hulst was an
accomplished chess player.
During the 1930s he chaired
a chess club in Amsterdam
that included members of
the Jewish community;
eventually they had to meet
and play at their homes in
secret. At the age of 99 he
won a tournament for
former Dutch
parliamentarians.
Johan van Hulst’s wife,
Anna Janette Donker, died
in 2006. He is survived by
their two daughters.
Johan van Hulst, born
January 28 1911, died
March 22 2018
32
Thursday 12 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
***
Television & radio
Last night on television Michael Hogan
This drama is all blinged
up with nowhere to go
‘I
Cunanan, taking in the ocean view
from a vast glass balcony. “Who?”
asked Blachford. “Everyone,” came
Cunanan’s chilling reply.
Written by British export Tom Rob
Smith, this was a souped-up soap
opera, dripping in gaudy bling
and unfolding in designer beige
interiors. All gilt mirrors, baroque
chairs and creamy soft furnishings, it’s
styled like a luxury hotel lobby and
rollicks along like an afternoon
true-crime movie, albeit a wellappointed one. You half-expect
Columbo, Murder She Wrote’s Jessica
Fletcher or Hart to Hart’s millionaire
spouses to turn up and solve the
impending murder.
There are two episodes of the
nine-part series still to come, but thus
far a convoluted flashback structure
has prevented it from hitting the
heights of its predecessor, The People
vs OJ Simpson. While the time-hopping
approach might fill in the background
and motivation, it hardly adds much in
the way of forward momentum. The
hypnotic horror we saw earlier in the
series – episodes three to five were
masterful, the next two less so – has
given way to middling drama. As a
guilty pleasure, though, it’s grim,
fascinating and just gripping enough.
help ponderous films gain a stronger
focus. That was certainly required
with Bacchus Uncovered: Ancient
God of Ecstasy (BBC Four).
Bacchus, whose Greek name
was Dionysus, was a deity with a
wide portfolio. He was the god of
the grape harvest, wine-making and
wine, revelry and release, ritual
madness, fertility, theatre and
religious ecstasy.
To tell his sprawling story, Professor
Bettany Hughes jetted to Georgia,
Jordan and Greece to investigate his
mythic origins and relevance to the
modern world. Bacchus has been a
symbol of excess ever since Roman
maidens fled to the woods and drank
wine in his name. Bottoms up,
Bacchus, old boy.
Classicist Hughes – an alumnus of
the Victoria Coren Mitchell school of
knowing smirks and eyebrow
waggling for emphasis – traced the
Bacchic cult through history, arguing
that booze-fuelled chaos has been as
important to civilisation as reason and
restraint.
Bacchus’s qualities, she claimed, are
just as important today as they were
2,500 years ago, with his presence
living on in Sixties counter-culture, on
the streets of Soho, in the philosophy
of Nietzsche, and even in the
transgender rights movement.
Her thesis seemed a stretch at times,
connecting disparate dots in its
eagerness to construct an over-arching
theory. Different cultures enjoy wine
binges because, well, they’re fun – it
doesn’t mean they’re paying homage
to Bacchus. Too many of Hughes’s
sentences began with “For me…” or “It
seems to me…”, – a sign, perhaps, that
even she didn’t have full confidence in
her premise.
This wasn’t the most visually
arresting subject, either, with static
cameras forced to linger on statues
and antiquities. Hughes attempted to
add momentum by striding around
temples in a selection of flowing pink
scarves, but it was in vain. Given that
Bacchus was a god obsessed with the
good times, this film was distinctly
lacking in them.
B
The Assassination of Gianni Versace:
American Crime Story ★★★
Uncovered: Ancient God of Ecstasy
★★
Stylish: Édgar Ramírez and Penélope Cruz in ‘The Assassination of Gianni Versace’
believe that for a woman, a
dress is a weapon to get
what she wants.” So declared
Donatella Versace with a
power-pout and a toss of her
peroxide mane. Sadly, it
wasn’t sartorial weapons she needed.
Last night, we reached the seventh
episode of the high-camp docudrama
The Assassination of Gianni Versace:
American Crime Story (BBC Two),
which continues to chart the events
that led to the 1997 shooting of Italian
designer Gianni Versace (Édgar
Ramírez) on the doorstep of his Miami
mansion.
In 1992, Versace was diagnosed with
a rare form of ear cancer, forcing
younger sister Donatella (Penélope
Cruz) to take the fashion house’s reins.
Almost literally so – a leather-strapped
bondage dress became the siblings’
first collaboration. Meanwhile in San
Diego, delusional sociopath and
budding serial killer Andrew Cunanan
(creepy Darren Criss, who, along with
Cruz, is the star of this show) conned
his way into a lavish new life by
targeting wealthy older men.
The first of his targets, architect
Lincoln Aston (Todd Waring), ended
up savagely beaten to death – a shock
scene of gore amid the gloss. The
second, silver fox businessman
Norman Blachford (Michael Nouri),
allowed Cunanan to move into his
minimalist mansion. “Oh, if only they
could see me now,” murmured
BC Four just loves a
documentary with a colon
plonked in the middle of its title.
One wonders if snappier titles might
What to watch
Civilisations
Living with the Brainy
Bunch
BBC TWO, 9.00PM
 The modern age draws
closer, as Simon Schama
tackles the theme of
radiance, guiding us
through Gothic cathedrals,
Baroque Venetian
masterpieces and Japanese
woodblock prints. GT
BBC TWO, 8.00PM

PR-conscious Ash Ali
is headmaster of
Chessington Community
College, a fast-improving
school with a few problem
pupils. Among them are
Jack and Hollie who, on
the surface, are comically
awful teenagers. Hollie
gripes constantly, throws
strops and storms out of
classrooms if things aren’t
going her way. Jack is
sullen, lazy and has
clocked up 15 suspensions
in the past year. It will
come as no surprise to
regular viewers of such
documentaries that their
behaviour is rooted in low
self-esteem, though their
parents unquestionably
indulge their foibles.
Ali’s novel solution is to
place Hollie with Holly,
tapdancing head girl and
gregarious boffin, and
Jack with Tharush, a Sri
Lankan immigrant by way
of Italy, whose talents are
only matched by his work
ethic. Now that Jack and
Hollie are in the bosom of
new families for six weeks,
it’s hoped that a new
environment, greater
discipline and rigid
routines will see their
results improve and
attitudes pick up. There
are setbacks on the largely
The Investigator:
A British Crime Story
ITV, 9.00PM
 The second real-life case
of the series sees Mark
Williams-Thomas
investigating the 1977
murders of three women in
Glasgow. The suspect is
Angus Sinclair, who is
currently serving a life
sentence for killing two
other women that same
year. We hear from his
ex-wife, and learn how he
was a prime suspect but
escaped charges for the first
killings when key evidence
went missing. GT
Indian Summer School
CHANNEL 4, 9.00PM
 This diverting
Changing attitudes: Holly, Holly’s mother, and Hollie
familiar narrative
trajectory, but it’s cast to
perfection and, as a
demonstration of the
sitcom bows out in triumph
with a well-wrought farce
involving a Hollywood
stuntman, a disastrous
driving lesson and romance
for the widowed Isa (Jane
McCarry). GT
Comedy
Urban Myths: Marilyn
Monroe and Billy Wilder
SKY ARTS, 9.00PM
 Sky Arts’ boldly cast
series of vaguely apocryphal
tales from the pop-culture
frontlines returns with a
dispatch from the set of
Some Like It Hot, the
magnificent 1959 comedy
that is almost certainly more
fun to watch than it was to
make. In this minor but
entertaining reimagining,
Tony Curtis (Alex Pettyfer)
is threatening to cuckold
Arthur Miller (Dougray
Scott) by making off with
Marilyn Monroe (Gemma
Arterton), whose caprice,
drinking and sensitivity is
importance of parenting
in academic achievement,
the experiment gets an
A-star. Gabriel Tate
Documentary
War Above the Trenches
YESTERDAY, 8.00PM
Urban Myths: Pettyfer and Scott
driving director Billy Wilder
(James Purefoy) to
distraction. GT
Still Game
BBC ONE, 9.30PM; BBC TWO WALES, 10.00PM
 Justifying its prime-time
BBC One slot, the Scottish
 This decent two-parter
tells the story of the Royal
Flying Corps and their battle
to win control of the air in
the First World War. Based
on Peter Hart’s book Bloody
April, it draws affectingly on
the testimony of veterans to
show there was more to the
Western Front than trench
warfare. GT
War Above the Trenches
documentary series
concludes with a
Himalayan trek, a
controversial article in the
school newspaper and the
GCSE retakes that were
the goal of the entire
enterprise. Will Alfie, Harry,
Jack and co see their grades
improve? GT
Sport
European Tour Golf:
The Open de Espana
SKY SPORTS GOLF, 11.00AM
 The opening day’s play
of the event from the
Centro Nacional de Golf in
Madrid. GT
Radio choice Charlotte Runcie
Cold Art
RADIO 4, 11.30AM
 With Russian spies and
mysterious diplomatic
goings-on once again in the
news, it’s sometimes hard to
believe the Cold War ever
ended. This programme
about artists inspired by its
events first time around is
presented by artist Louise K
Wilson, and looks at new
work being made based on
recollections of a war that
was ever-present and
ever-threatening, but never
boiled over. She meets
Stephen Felmingham and
Kathrine Sandys and hears
about their work based on
memories of military bases,
covert activity and imagined
violence.
Radio 1
FM 97.6-99.8MHz
6.30 am The Radio 1 Breakfast
Show with Nick Grimshaw
10.00 Clara Amfo
12.45 pm Newsbeat
1.00 Scott Mills
4.00 Greg James
5.45 Newsbeat
6.00 Greg James
7.00 Annie Mac
9.00 The 8th with Charlie Sloth
11.00 BBC Radio 1’s Residency –
Black Madonna
12.00 Radio 1’s Residency –
Bradley zero
1.00 am Toddla T
3.00 Radio 1 Comedy – Ray Moss
No Stone Unturned
4.00 - 6.30am Radio 1’s Early
Breakfast Show with Adele
Roberts
Radio 2
FM 88-90.2MHz
6.30
9.30
12.00
2.00
5.00
7.00
8.00
10.00
12.00
2.00
3.00
4.00
5.00
am Fearne Cotton
Trevor Nelson
Jeremy Vine
pm Steve Wright in the
Afternoon
Simon Mayo
Bob Harris Country
Jo Whiley
The Radio 2 Arts Show with
Anneka Rice
The Craig Charles House
Party
am Radio 2’s Tracks of My
Years Playlist
Radio 2 Playlist: Have A
Great Weekend
Radio 2 Playlist: Feelgood
Friday
- 6.30am Vanessa Feltz
Radio 3
FM 90.2-92.4MHz
6.30 am Breakfast
9.00 Essential Classics
12.00 Composer of the Week:
Pachelbel
1.00 pm News
1.02 Radio 3 Lunchtime Concert.
Sarah Walker introduces
2.00
4.30
5.00
7.00
7.30
10.00
10.45
11.00
12.30
highlights from the Norfolk
and Norwich Chamber
Music series, featuring
Quatuor Ebene performing
works by Beethoven and
Dutilleux
Afternoon Concert
BBC Young Musician 2018
In Tune
In Tune Mixtape
Radio 3 in Concert
Free Thinking
The Essay: One Bar Electric
Memoir
Late Junction
- 6.30am Through the
Night
Radio 4
FM 92.4-94.6MHz; LW 198KHz
6.00 am Today
9.00 In Our Time
9.45 FM: Book of the Week:
Packing My Library
9.45 LW: Daily Service
10.00 Woman’s Hour
11.00 Crossing Continents
11.30 ◆ Cold Art. See Radio
choice
12.00 News
12.01 pm LW: Shipping Forecast
12.04 Home Front
12.15 You and Yours
12.57 Weather
1.00 The World at One
1.45 Chinese Characters
2.00 The Archers
2.15 Drama: How We’re Loved
3.00 Open Country
3.27 Radio 4 Appeal
3.30 Open Book
4.00 The Film Programme
4.30 BBC Inside Science
5.00 PM
5.54 LW: Shipping Forecast
5.57 Weather
6.00 Six O’Clock News
6.30 The Hitchhiker’s Guide to
the Galaxy: Hexagonal
Phase
7.00 The Archers
7.15 Front Row
7.45 How Does That Make You
Feel?
8.00 The Briefing Room
8.30 In Business
The Food Chain
WORLD SERVICE, 11.30AM
 Anyone who has ever
tried to coax a child into
finishing their dinner will
identify with this episode
of The Food Chain, which
asks why some children are
fussy eaters, and why
pickiness about food can
persist well into adulthood.
9.00
9.30
10.00
10.45
11.00
11.30
12.00
12.30
12.48
1.00
5.20
5.30
5.43
5.45
5.58
BBC Inside Science
In Our Time
The World Tonight
Book at Bedtime: Rabbit Is
Rich
Beef and Dairy Network
The Digital Human
News and Weather
am Packing My Library
Shipping Forecast
As World Service
Shipping Forecast
News Briefing
Prayer for the Day
Farming Today
- 6.00am Tweet of the Day
Radio 5 Live
MW 693 & 909KHz
6.00 am 5 Live Breakfast
10.00 The Emma Barnett Show
with Clare McDonnell
1.00 pm Afternoon Edition
4.00 5 Live Drive
7.00 5 Live Sport
8.00 5 Live Sport:
Commonwealth Games
2018
9.30 5 Live Formula 1
10.00 Question Time Extra Time
1.00 am Up All Night
5.00 Morning Reports
5.15 - 6.00am Wake Up to
Money
Classic FM
FM 99.9-101.9MHz
6.00
9.00
1.00
5.00
7.00
8.00
am More Music Breakfast
Nicholas Owen
pm Anne-Marie Minhall
Classic FM Drive
Smooth Classics at Seven
The Full Works Concert.
Catherine Bott continues
the celebration of the
Philharmonia Orchestra
10.00 Smooth Classics
1.00 - 6.00am Jane Jones
World Service
DIGITAL ONLY
6.00am Newsday 8.06 The Inquiry
8.30 Business Daily 8.50 Witness 9.00
News 9.06 The Thought Show 10.00
Is it down to genetics,
psychology, sociology
or all three? Are French
families really much
better at it than us? The
problem is explored
through visits to workshops
for parents of fussy eaters,
and discussion of how genes
and poor economic
backgrounds might be
contributing.
World Update 11.00 The Newsroom
11.30 ◆ The Food Chain. See Radio
choice 12.00 News 12.06pm Outlook
1.00 The Newsroom 1.30 Assignment
2.00 Newshour 3.00 News 3.06 The
Inquiry 3.30 World Business Report
4.00 BBC OS 6.00 News 6.06 Outlook
7.00 The Newsroom 7.30 Sport Today
8.00 News 8.06 The Inquiry 8.30
Science in Action 9.00 Newshour
10.00 News 10.06 Assignment 10.30
The Food Chain 11.00 News 11.06 The
Newsroom 11.20 Sports News 11.30
World Business Report 12.06am The
Thought Show 1.00 News 1.06
Business Matters 2.00 News 2.06 The
Newsroom 2.30 Assignment 3.00
News 3.06 Newsday 3.30 World
Football 4.00 News 4.06 Newsday
5.00 News 5.06 The Newsroom 5.30 6.00am Science in Action
Radio 4 Extra
DIGITAL ONLY
6.00am White Heat 6.30 Old
Photographs Fever – The Search for
China’s Pictured Past 7.00 North by
Northamptonshire 7.30 The
Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy:
Hexagonal Phase 8.00 Marriage Lines
8.30 The Goon Show 9.00 Listomania
9.30 HR 10.00 Jude the Obscure 11.00
Missing 11.15 The Man on the Green
Bicycle 12.00 Marriage Lines 12.30pm
The Goon Show 1.00 White Heat 1.30
Old Photographs Fever – The Search for
China’s Pictured Past 2.00 The Essex
Serpent 2.15 Disability: A New History
2.30 Tristram Shandy 2.45 On Her
Majesty’s Secret Service 3.00 Jude the
Obscure 4.00 Listomania 4.30 HR 5.00
North by Northamptonshire 5.30 The
Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy:
Hexagonal Phase 6.00 The Scarifyers:
The King of Winter 6.30 Great Lives
7.00 Marriage Lines 7.30 The Goon
Show 8.00 White Heat 8.30 Old
Photographs Fever – The Search for
China’s Pictured Past 9.00 Missing 9.15
The Man on the Green Bicycle 10.00
Comedy Club 12.00 The Scarifyers: The
King of Winter 12.30am Great Lives
1.00 White Heat 1.30 Old Photographs
Fever – The Search for China’s Pictured
Past 2.00 The Essex Serpent 2.15
Disability: A New History 2.30 Tristram
Shandy 2.45 On Her Majesty’s Secret
Service 3.00 Jude the Obscure 4.00
Listomania 4.30 HR 5.00 North by
Northamptonshire 5.30 - 6.00am The
Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy:
Hexagonal Phase
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 12 April 2018
***
33
Today’s television
Main channels
FV Freeview FS Freesat (AD) Audio description (R) Repeat (S) Subtitles (SL) In-vision signing
BBC One
BBC Two
ITV
Channel 4
Channel 5
6.00 am Breakfast (S) 9.15
Commonwealth Games 2018. Live
athletics, beach volleyball and
hockey on day eight (S)
1.00 pm BBC News at One; Weather (S)
1.30 Regional News; Weather (S)
1.45 Doctors (AD) (S)
2.15 800 Words (AD) (S)
3.00 Escape to the Country (AD) (R) (S)
3.45 Money for Nothing (R) (S)
4.30 Flog It! (R) (S)
5.15 Pointless (S)
6.00 BBC News at Six; Weather (S)
6.30 Regional News; Weather (S)
6.55 Party Election Broadcast (S)
6.00 am Commonwealth Games 2018.
Live beach volleyball and lawn
bowls coverage on day eight (S) 9.15
Oxford Street Revealed (AD) (R) (S)
10.00 Homes Under the Hammer
(R) (S) 11.00 Britain’s Home Truths
(AD) (R) (S) 11.45 Dom on the Spot
(S)
12.15 pm Bargain Hunt (AD) (R) (S)
1.00 Commonwealth Games 2018 Live
coverage of the men’s 800m final
(S)
5.15 Put Your Money Where Your
Mouth Is (R) (S)
6.00 Eggheads (S)
6.30 Today at the Games (S)
6.00 am Good Morning Britain (S) 8.30
Lorraine (S) 9.25 The Jeremy Kyle
Show (S) 10.30 This Morning (S)
12.30 pm Loose Women (S)
1.30 News; Weather (S)
1.55 Regional News; Weather (S)
2.00 ITV Racing: Grand National
Festival Live coverage of five races
from Aintree (S)
5.00 The Chase (S)
6.00 Regional News; Weather (S)
6.25 Party Election Broadcast (S)
6.30 News; Weather (S)
6.00 am Countdown (R) (S) 6.45 3rd
Rock from the Sun (AD) (R) (S) 7.10
3rd Rock from the Sun (AD) (R) (S)
7.35 Everybody Loves Raymond (R)
(S) 8.00 Everybody Loves Raymond
(R) (S) 8.30 Frasier (R) (S) 9.00
Frasier (R) (S) 9.35 Frasier (R) (S)
10.05 Ramsay’s Hotel Hell (AD) (R)
(S) 11.00 Undercover Boss USA (R)
(S)
12.00 Channel 4 News (S)
12.05 pm Come Dine with Me (R) (S)
1.05 Posh Pawnbrokers (R) (S)
2.10 Countdown (S)
3.00 A Place in the Sun: Winter Sun (R)
(S)
4.00 Escape to the Chateau: DIY (AD) (S)
5.00 Four in a Bed (R) (S)
5.30 Star Boot Sale (S)
6.00 The Simpsons (AD) (R) (S)
6.30 Hollyoaks (AD) (R) (S)
6.00 am Milkshake! 9.15 The Wright Stuff
11.15 Can’t Pay? We’ll Take It Away!
(R) (S)
12.10 pm 5 News Lunchtime (S)
12.15 GPs: Behind Closed Doors (AD) (R)
(S)
1.10 Access (S)
1.15 Home and Away (AD) (S)
1.45 Neighbours (AD) (S)
2.20 NCIS (AD) (R) (S)
3.15 FILM: The Killing Game (2011, TVM)
Mystery starring Laura Prepon (S)
5.00 5 News at 5 (S)
5.30 Neighbours (AD) (R) (S)
6.00 Home and Away (AD) (R) (S)
6.30 5 News Tonight (S)
Still Game
Civilisations: Simon Schama
The Investigator: A British Crime Story
7.00 The One Show Topical stories from
around the UK (S)
7.00 Emmerdale Chas is at breaking
point (AD) (S)
7.30 EastEnders Kat tells Hayley to get
out of Walford for good (AD) (S)
7.30 OAP Bootcamp – Tonight Ideas to
improve the over-’65s’ health (S)
8.00 MasterChef: The Finals The
hopefuls work alongside chefs
Ashley Palmer-Watts and Jonny
Glass (AD) (S)
8.00 Living with the Brainy Bunch Two
struggling 15-year-old students
move in with high achievers See
What to watch (AD) (S)
8.00 Emmerdale (AD) (S)
9.00 Not Going Out The school lollipop
man gets on the wrong side of Lee
and Lucy (S)
9.00 Civilisations Simon Schama looks
at the links between colour and
spirituality See What to watch (AD)
(S)
9.00 The Investigator: A British Crime
Story Mark Williams-Thomas’s trail
brings him to a new prime suspect
See What to watch (AD) (S)
8.30 The Cruise: Sailing the Caribbean
Marcella makes the final
preparations for a wedding
ceremony (AD) (S)
Indian Summer School
Film choice
The Man with the Golden Gun (1974)
ITV4, 9.00PM ★★★★
 Christopher Lee steals the show as
the titular assassin, Francisco
Scaramanga, in this classic Bond
adventure. Roger Moore’s secret
agent, in his second outing as 007,
must pursue him, with the help of
sidekick Mary Goodnight (Britt
Ekland), to the villain’s island lair in
order to prevent him harnessing the
power of the Sun for evil. The
confrontations between Moore and
Lee are easily the film’s highlights.
Can’t Pay? We’ll Take It Away!
7.00 Steve Backshall’s Hedgehog
Rescue Steve Backshall visits a
hedgehog rescue centre (R) (S)
7.00 Channel 4 News (S)
Swordfish (2001)
TCM, 9.00PM ★★
8.00 Location, Location, Location Kirstie
Allsopp catches up with two couples
who wanted homes near the coast
(S)
8.00 Springtime on the Farm A report
from the lamb hospital at Barnsley’s
Cannon Hall Farm (S)
9.00 Indian Summer School Ethan writes
a controversial article for the school
newspaper. Last in the series See
What to watch (AD) (S)
9.00 Can’t Pay? We’ll Take It Away! A
pub licensee tries to cut a deal with
her new landlord over a debt (S)
10.00 24 Hours in Police Custody A major
investigation into an allegation of
police corruption (R) (S)
10.00 Undercover: Nailing the Fraudsters
Paul Connolly investigates online
romance fraudsters (S)
11.05 First Dates 12.05am 999: On the
Frontline 1.00 Class of Mum and
Dad 1.55 The Supervet 2.50 George
Clarke’s Old House, New Home 3.45
Building the Dream 4.40 The
Question Jury 5.35 - 6.00am Steph
and Dom’s One Star to Five Star
11.05 The Murderer Next Door:
Countdown to Murder 12.00
SuperCasino 3.10am GPs: Behind
Closed Doors 4.00 My Mum’s Hotter
Than Me! 4.45 House Doctor 5.10
Divine Designs 5.35 - 6.00am
Wildlife SOS
 The most often quoted bit of trivia
about this film is that Halle Berry was
paid an additional £500,000 to go
topless. It’s rather lucky she agreed
because she’s probably the most
appealing aspect of this frenetic
thriller. John Travolta and Hugh
Jackman put on testosterone-fuelled
displays as a morally dubious counterterrorist agent and the hacker he
blackmails into accessing billions of
dollars of government money.
9.30 Still Game Last in the series See
What to watch (AD) (S)
10.00 BBC News at Ten (S)
10.30 Regional News; Weather (S)
10.45 Question Time Topical debate from
Liverpool (S)
11.45 Commonwealth Games 2018. Live
athletics, diving and lawn bowls
coverage on day nine 3.30- 6.00am
Commonwealth Games 2018.
Continued live coverage of day nine
from Queensland
S4C
10.00 MOTD: The Premier League Show
(S)
10.30 Newsnight (S)
11.15 Secret Agent Selection: WW2
12.15am Sign Zone: Reggie Yates:
Searching for Grenfell’s Lost Lives
1.15 Sign Zone: MasterChef 2.15 Sign
Zone: Amazing Hotels: Life Beyond
the Lobby 3.20 - 6.00am News
10.00 News; Weather (S)
10.30 Regional News; Weather (S)
10.45 Uefa Europa League Highlights
Action from the quarter-final
second-leg matches (S)
11.45 Play to the Whistle 12.40am Lethal
Weapon 1.25 Jackpot247 3.00 OAP
Bootcamp – Tonight 3.25 ITV
Nightscreen 5.05 - 6.00am The
Jeremy Kyle Show
SKY ARTS, 9.30PM ★★★★★
Variations
6.00am Cyw 12.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd
12.05pm Straeon y Ffin 12.30 Ffit Cymru 1.30 Sion a
Siân 2.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 2.05 Prynhawn Da
3.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 3.05 O Gymru Fach
4.00 Awr Fawr 5.00 Stwnsh 6.00 Newyddion S4C a’r
Tywydd 6.05 Ar Werth 6.30 Rownd a Rownd 7.00 Heno
7.30 Pobol y Cwm 8.00 Gwaith/Cartref 9.00
Newyddion 9 a’r Tywydd 9.30 Cwymp yr Ymerodraethau
10.30 Hansh 11.00 - 11.35pm Mwy o Sgorio
Northern Ireland
Scotland
BBC One:
No variations
BBC Two:
No variations
UTV:
1.25am Teleshopping 2.55 3.00am ITV Nightscreen
BBC One:
No variations
BBC Two:
No variations
STV:
2.00 - 5.00pm Racing on STV:
Grand National Festival 10.30
Scotland Tonight 11.05 Uefa
Europa League Highlights
12.05am Lethal Weapon 1.00
- 2.00 Teleshopping 4.05 The
Jeremy Kyle Show 5.00 6.00am Teleshopping
Wales
BBC One:
9.30 - 10.00pm Rhod
Gilbert’s Work Experience
BBC Two:
Freeview, satellite and cable
BBC Four
FV 9 FS 107 SKY 116 VIRGIN 107
7.00
7.30
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.20
pm Beyond 100 Days
The Sky at Night
Commonwealth Games Extra
Putin, Russia & the West
Law and Order
Totally British: ‘70s Rock ’n’
Roll
12.20 am Danny Baker’s Great
Album Showdown
1.20 Putin, Russia & the West
2.20 - 3.20am The Brontes at the
BBC
ITV3
FV 10 FS 115 SKY 119 VIRGIN 117
10.20
12.30
1.35
2.40
3.15
3.45
4.20
4.50
5.25
5.55
7.00
8.00
10.00
12.05
2.00
2.30
am Inspector Morse
pm The Royal
Heartbeat
Classic Coronation Street
Classic Coronation Street
On the Buses
On the Buses
You’re Only Young Twice
Rising Damp
Heartbeat
Murder, She Wrote
Vera
My Boy Jack
am A Touch of Frost
ITV3 Nightscreen
- 6.00am Teleshopping
ITV2
E4
Noon The Goldbergs 1.00pm The Big
Bang Theory 2.00 How I Met Your
Mother 3.00 New Girl 4.00 Brooklyn
Nine-Nine 5.00 The Goldbergs 6.00 The
Big Bang Theory 7.00 Hollyoaks 7.30
Extreme Cake Makers 8.00 The Big Bang
Theory 8.30 Young Sheldon 9.00
Brooklyn Nine-Nine 9.30 Derry Girls
10.00 The Inbetweeners 10.30 The
Windsors 11.05 The Big Bang Theory
12.05am First Dates 1.10 Tattoo Fixers
2.15 The Inbetweeners 2.45 The
Windsors 3.10 Brooklyn Nine-Nine 3.354.25am Rude Tube
More4
11.35am Four in a Bed 2.10pm Come
Dine with Me 4.50 A Place in the Sun:
Summer Sun 5.55 Kirstie and Phil’s Love
It or List It 6.55 The Secret Life of the
Zoo 7.55 Grand Designs 9.00 The Good
Fight 10.15 The Undateables 11.15 24
Hours in A&E 12.20am Ramsay’s Kitchen
Nightmares USA 1.20 The Good Fight
2.30 24 Hours in A&E 3.30-3.55am
Food Unwrapped
Dave
Noon American Pickers 1.00pm Top
Gear 3.00 Sin City Motors 4.00 Steve
Austin’s Broken Skull Challenge 5.00 Top
Gear 7.00 QI XL 8.00 Dara O Briain’s Go
8 Bit 9.00 QI XL 10.00 Not Going Out
11.20 Mock the Week 12.00 QI 1.20am
Mock the Week 2.00 QI 3.15-4.00am
Parks and Recreation
Sky Sports Main Event
11.00am Live European Tour Golf. The
Open de Espana 1.00pm Live PGA Tour
Golf. The RBC Heritage 3.00 Live Indian
Premier League. Sunrisers Hyderabad v
Mumbai Indians. Coverage of the match
taking place at the Rajiv Gandhi
International Cricket Stadium,
Hyderabad 7.30 Live EFL. Bradford City v
Shrewsbury Town (Kick-off 7.45pm).
Coverage of the League One encounter
at the Northern Commercials Stadium
10.00 The Debate 11.00 Sky Sports
News 2.00am F1 Report 2.30 Paddock
Uncut 2.45-4.45am Live Formula 1. The
first practice session for the Chinese
Grand Prix
10.00 - 10.30pm Still Game
11.15 MOTD: The Premier
League Show 11.45 12.15am Sign Zone: See Hear
ITV Wales:
6.00 - 6.30pm ITV News
Wales at Six
 When two musicians (Jack Lemmon
and Tony Curtis) witness a mob hit,
they flee the state disguised as women
in an all-female band, but further
complications arise in the form of
demure ukulele player Sugar Kane,
superbly played by Marilyn Monroe.
Billy Wilder’s classic comedy is
effortlessly wacky and clever. Before,
at 9pm, is Urban Myths, which
imagines what happened on
the set of this romcom.
ITV Channel:
1.25 - 3.00am ITV
Nightscreen
ITV Regions
No variations, except:
FV Freeview FS Freesat (AD) Audio description (R) Repeat (S) Subtitles (SL) In-vision signing
ITV4
FV 24 FS 117 SKY 120 VIRGIN 118
11.45
12.50
1.55
2.55
4.00
5.05
6.10
7.05
8.00
9.00
11.30
1.30
2.30
3.00
10.20am The Bachelor 12.15pm
Emmerdale 12.45 Coronation Street
1.45 The Ellen DeGeneres Show 2.35
The Jeremy Kyle Show 4.50 Judge Rinder
5.50 Take Me Out 7.00 You’ve Been
Framed! Gold 8.00 Two and a Half Men
9.00 Family Guy 10.00 Celebrity Juice
10.50 Family Guy 11.40 American Dad!
12.35am Plebs 1.35 Two and a Half Men
2.30-6.00am Teleshopping
Some Like It Hot (1959, b/w)
am The Avengers
pm Ironside
Quincy ME
Minder
The Saint
The Avengers
Storage Wars: Texas
Pawn Stars
The Big Fish Off
FILM: The Man with the
Golden Gun (1974)
Adventure starring Roger
Moore See Film choice
pm FILM: Universal Soldier:
Regeneration (2009) Sci-fi
with Dolph Lundgren
am Minder
The Protectors
- 6.00am Teleshopping
Sky Sports Premier
League
Noon Premier League World 12.30pm
PL Greatest Games 1.00 Premier League
100 Club 2.00 PL Best Goals 15/16 3.00
Premier League Years 5.00 Premier
League World 5.30 Premier League 100
Club 6.00 Premier League Today 6.30
Premier League 100 Club 7.00 Premier
League World 7.30 Premier League
Match Pack 8.00 Premier League Today
8.30 Premier League World 9.00 PL Best
Goals 15/16 10.00 The Debate 11.00
Premier League Match Pack 11.30 Best
PL Goals: Chelsea v Man Utd 12.00 PL
Best Goals 94/95 1.00am The Debate
2.00 Premier League Match Pack 2.30
PL Greatest Games 3.00-4.00am The
Debate
BT Sport 1
Noon ESPN Classic Boxing 4.00pm Live
WTA Tennis. Day four of the Claro Open
Colsanitas in Bogota, Colombia 12.00
WTA All Access 12.30am Ligue 1 Show
1.00 30 for 30 2.30-4.30am 30 for 30
History
Noon Forged in Fire 1.00pm Pawn Stars
2.00 American Pickers 3.00 Counting
Cars 4.00 Storage Wars 5.00 Counting
Cars 6.00 Forged in Fire 7.00 American
Pickers 8.00 Forged in Fire 10.00
Sky One
SKY 106 VIRGIN 110
Noon
1.00
2.00
3.00
4.00
5.00
5.30
6.00
6.30
8.00
9.00
10.00
10.30
11.00
12.00
1.00
2.00
3.00
NCIS: Los Angeles
pm Hawaii Five-0
Hawaii Five-0
NCIS: Los Angeles
Stargate SG-1
The Simpsons
The Simpsons
Futurama
The Simpsons
Arrow
SEAL Team
In the Long Run
Football’s Funniest Moments
The Force: North-East
Air Ambulance ER
am Brit Cops: War on Crime
NCIS: Los Angeles
- 4.00am NCIS: Los Angeles
Ultimate Vehicles 11.00 Monsterquest
12.00 Hitler’s Circle of Evil 1.00am
Forged in Fire 2.00 Homicide Hunter
3.00-4.00am Ancient Aliens
Sky Arts
Noon The Sixties 1.00pm Discovering:
Terence Stamp 2.00 Watercolour
Challenge 2.30 Landscape Artist of the
Year 2015 3.30 Tales of the Unexpected
4.00 Trailblazers: Nuclear Protest 5.00
The Sixties 6.00 Discovering: Max von
Sydow 7.00 The Nineties 8.00
Discovering: Marilyn Monroe 9.00 Urban
Myths: Marilyn Monroe and Billy
Wilder See What to watch 9.30 FILM:
Some Like It Hot (1959, b/w) Romantic
comedy with Jack Lemmon, Tony Curtis
and Marilyn Monroe See Film choice
11.45 Urban Myths: Marilyn Monroe and
Billy Wilder 12.15am Billy Wilder:
Nobody’s Perfect 1.15 We Remember
Marilyn 3.15-4.15am National
Treasures: The Art of Collecting
Sky Cinema Premiere
24 hours, including at:
5.50pm Rough Stuff (2017) Adventure
starring Gareth Rickards 8.00 The
Hurricane Heist (2018) Action thriller
starring Toby Kebbell 9.50 Wilson
(2017) Premiere. A lonely middle-aged
man reunites with his estranged wife and
meets his teenage daughter for the first
Sky Atlantic
SKY 108
Noon
1.00
2.00
3.00
5.00
6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.10
10.45
11.20
11.55
12.40
1.15
2.20
3.15
Film4
FV 15 FS 300 SKY 315 VIRGIN 428
House
pm Without a Trace
Blue Bloods
The West Wing
House
House
CSI: Crime Scene
Investigation
Blue Bloods
Billions
Silicon Valley
Our Cartoon President
Our Cartoon President
Last Week Tonight with John
Oliver
am Divorce
The Sopranos
The Sopranos
- 4.15am Blue Bloods
time. Comedy drama, starring Woody
Harrelson 11.30 Shin Godzilla (2016)
Fantasy adventure starring Hiroki
Hasegawa 1.35am The Free World
(2016) Drama starring Elisabeth Moss
3.25-5.15am Double Date (2017)
Comedy thriller starring Danny Morgan
PBS America
11.35am Space Mistakes: How Nasa
Failures Furthered Exploration 12.05pm
The Vietnam War 1.55 Great Escape –
The Reckoning 2.55 How to Start a
Revolution 4.00 The Vietnam War 5.50
Great Escape – The Reckoning 6.50 How
to Start a Revolution 7.55 The Crusaders’
Lost Fort 9.00 The Mystery of the Black
Death 10.05 Jazz 11.20 The Crusaders’
Lost Fort 12.20am The Mystery of the
Black Death 1.25 Space Mistakes: How
Nasa Failures Furthered Exploration
2.00-6.00am Teleshopping
TCM
24 hours, including at:
4.35pm The Law and Jake Wade (1958)
Western starring Robert Taylor 6.15
Oregon Passage (1957, b/w) Western
starring John Ericson 7.50 Sherlock
Holmes: Terror By Night (1946, b/w)
Mystery starring Basil Rathbone 9.00
Swordfish (2001) Crime thriller starring
John Travolta and Hugh Jackman See
Film choice 11.05 Halloween H20
11.00 am The Rugrats in Paris: The
Movie (2000) Adventure
12.35 pm Spirited Away (2001)
Animated fantasy with the
voice of Daveigh Chase
3.00 Ice Age: Continental Drift
(2012) Comedy with the
voice of Ray Romano
4.45 Short Circuit 2 (1988) Sci-fi
comedy with Fisher Stevens
6.55 X-Men (2000) Adventure
starring Hugh Jackman
9.00 A Bigger Splash (2015)
Drama with Tilda Swinton
11.30 As Above, So Below (2014)
Horror with Perdita Weeks
1.20 - 3.45am The Kingdom of
Dreams and Madness (2013)
Documentary
(1998) Homicidal maniac Michael Myers
returns to stalk his original target, 20
years after his first infamous night of
slaughter. Horror, with Jamie Lee Curtis
and Josh Hartnett 12.50am Conspiracy
Theory with Jesse Ventura 3.00-5.30am
Hollywood’s Best Film Directors
GOLD
11.20am You Rang, M’Lord? 12.20pm
The Green Green Grass 1.00 As Time
Goes By 1.40 Waiting for God 2.20 Only
Fools and Horses 3.00 Last of the
Summer Wine 5.00 The Green Green
Grass 5.40 As Time Goes By 6.20 Dad’s
Army 7.00 You Rang, M’Lord? 8.00 Dad’s
Army 8.40 Only Fools and Horses 9.20
Harry Enfield and Chums 10.40 Two
Doors Down 11.20 Jack Dee Live at the
Apollo 12.25am Come Fly with Me 1.00
Peep Show 2.05 Men Behaving Badly
2.35 Two Doors Down 3.05-4.00am
Jack Dee Live at the Apollo
Vintage TV
11.30am Throwback Thursday 1.00pm
My Mixtape 2.00 The Nineties, Naturally
5.00 Tune In… To 1990 6.00 Tune In…
To 1976 7.00 Tune In… To 1981 8.00
Jangle Gangs 9.00 Joining Forces 10.00
What Happened Post Punk? 10.30 My
Vintage 11.30 Eyed Soul 12.30am The
Night Shift 3.00-6.00am Neil
McCormick’s Needle Time
34
Thursday 12 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
***
Weather and crosswords
Nature notes
12,000 trees will
boost wildlife
More than 12,000 trees have been
planted across 20 hectares to create a
new woodland at Dove Stone in the
Peak District.
Over the past three months, RSPB
staff and volunteers have battled
through the wintry weather to plant a
mixture of native British trees
including oak, birch and willow. They
will help stabilise the soil and prevent
erosion in the area. The project will
improve water quality, help lock up
harmful carbon in the ground and
reduce downstream flooding.
In the long term, the trees will also
provide a home to woodland birds
including redstarts and flycatchers, as
well as butterflies, bumble bees and
even deer.
Kate Hanley, the RSPB warden who
led the project, said: “We’re looking
forward to seeing the woodland grow
to support some of our declining
woodland wildlife.”
Samantha Herbert
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