FINAL Friday 13 April 2018 telegraph.co.uk No 50,666 £ 1.80 Grand National Sweepstake kit Play at home or in the office by picking your w P winner inner Sport Sp B R I TA I N ’ S B E S T - S E L L I N G Q U A L I T Y D A I LY news Russia consulted as Syria air strikes loom Planned air strikes on Syria are being co-ordinated with Russia, it has emerged, as Theresa May reassured her Cabinet that any military response to last week’s chemical attack will not escalate into war. The US has identified eight potential targets, it was reported last night, as the Kremlin claimed a secure hotline for the US and Russia to communicate over their operations in Syria was “active”. The strikes come in response to last Saturday’s attack on Douma, the last rebel-held town in Eastern Ghouta. Page 4 news ‘Sandwich’ generation bankrolling families A “club sandwich” generation of pensioners is bankrolling their families to the tune of £4,000 a year, research has found. The study found that those retiring this year are supporting an average of three family members. People in their 40s and 50s have been described as a “sandwich generation” who must support their children buy a house and their parents pay for social care. But research claims that today’s retirees face pressures from an extra group – grandchildren. Page 10 features Judith Woods Why divorce shouldn’t mean a meal ticket for life Page 19 sport Arsenal through to Europa semi-finals Arsenal made it through to the semi-finals of the Europa League last night after surviving a scare. The Premier League side held a 4-1 first-leg advantage over CSKA Moscow, but fell two goals behind before Danny Wellbeck scored in the 75th minute. A late penalty sealed their passage. Sport, pages 4&5 Puzzles Obituaries TV listings Weather ISSN-0307-1235 9 *ujöeöu#yxcybc* ÊÑËÕ 16 25 29 30 Hunt admits breaking rules over luxury flats By Anna Mikhailova Political correSPondent JEREMY HUNT breached anti-money laundering legislation brought in by his own government when he set up a company to buy seven luxury flats, The Daily Telegraph can disclose. The Health Secretary, who has a personal fortune of more than £14 million, initially failed to declare his 50 per cent interest in the firm to Companies House – a criminal offence punishable by a fine or up to two years in prison. Mr Hunt also failed to disclose his interest in the property firm on the parliamentary register of members’ interests within the required 28 days. He later corrected the errors. Last night he apologised after accepting the mistakes were “his responsibility”. Mr Hunt retains the backing of Theresa May, after the Cabinet Office ruled he did not breach the Ministerial Code of Conduct, but he could still face investigation by the Commons committee on standards and privileges. A Downing Street spokesman said: “Jeremy has rightly apologised for an administrative oversight, and as the Cabinet Office has made clear there has been no breach of the Ministerial Code. We consider the matter closed.” A former MPs watchdog said that if he did not “face consequences” it could create a “perception of double standards” that ministers were not held to account in the same way as the public. Sir Alistair Graham, the former chairman of the committee on standards in public life, said: “It is a very poor show when ministers, who you expect to take leadership in standards and public life, do not meet the rules they are required to meet. If there has been a failure of leadership, there should be a political price for it.” If Mr Hunt did not face consequences for errors made in Companies House records, this could suggest “one rule for the political elite and another rule for the rest of the population or the business sector,” Sir Alistair said. Mr Hunt’s breaches relate to seven flats he bought with mortgages in the Ocean Village complex in Southampton on Feb 7. They were bought 13 months after it was reported that he made £14.5 million from the sale of Hotcourses, an education listing firm. The mortgages were issued by a private bank to Mare Pond Properties Limited, a company set up by Mr Hunt and Lucia Guo, his wife. Ms Guo was the only person named in the registration documents filed at Companies House when the company was incorporated in September 2017. Mr Hunt appears to have breached the Companies Act on two counts. Firstly, he should have declared to Companies House that he was a “Person with Significant Control” (PSC) within 28 days of registering the company, but did not do so for six months. Legislation drafted in 2015 and made law a year later made this compulsory for anyone with more than 25 per cent of shares or voting rights in a company. The law was a central part of the Tories’ plan to tackle money laundering. Failure to comply is a criminal offence under the Companies Act, punishable by a fine or up to two years in prison. The second breach relates to the fact that the September 2017 registration document was incorrect in its omission of Mr Hunt, a criminal offence under another section of the Companies Act. His parliamentary rule breach relates to the Code of Conduct for Continued on Page 2 Last of the lion tamers banned from the circus JANE HILTON FOR TELEGRAPH MAGAZINE NEWS BRIEFING Britain’s last lion tamer has been banned from the circus ring. Thomas Chipperfield, the 28-year-old scion of a circus family, was denied a licence by Defra “because of his previous conduct” as an operator of a travelling circus. Mr Chipperfield, from Winchester, had an appeal turned down but is planning a further attempt to keep his act going. He said he had “consistently acted in good faith” on advice given by the licensing panel. The Government plans to ban wild animals in circuses in England by January 2020. EU turns blind eye to Russia’s gas bullying By Ambrose Evans-Pritchard VLADIMIR PUTIN’S stranglehold over European gas supplies has been laid bare by explosive EU documents, exposing deliberate violations of EU law and a pattern of political bullying over many years. The longest investigation in EU history found that the Kremlin-controlled energy giant Gazprom has used its enormous power to pressure vulnerable states in Eastern Europe and fragment the EU’s energy market with coercive pricing policies. The document leaves no doubt that Germany has been enjoying a sweetheart deal with Gazprom, gaining a competitive advantage in gas costs at the expense of fellow EU economies and leaving front-line states at the mercy of Moscow’s strong-arm tactics. A leaked document from the European Commission paints an extraordinary picture of predatory behaviour, with Gazprom acting as an enforcement arm of Russian foreign policy. Bulgaria was treated almost like a colony, while Poland was forced to pay exorbitant prices for imported flows of pipeline gas from Siberia. The stash of files slipped to MEPs imply that Brussels learnt the full truth but is nevertheless turning a blind eye as it prepares to reach an understanding with Moscow, disregarding fundamental principles of EU law. “This is a very big deal. What the documents show is that there was systematic abuse of dominant position, and that it was clearly done for political purposes,” said Prof Alan Riley, an expert on EU energy law at the Atlantic Council, a US think tank. “Gazprom was splitting the European energy market at every point. And now the Commission is minded to do a deal that treats the East Europeans as if they were not member states at all.” The competition commissioner, Margrethe Vestager, has pursued an aggressive campaign against US technology companies such as Google and Apple, openly vilifying the Silicon Valley leaders as a threat to European democracy. Critics say the double standards over Gazprom suggest that the Commission has succumbed to “regulatory capture” or other forms of Continued on Page 2 Danger of six glasses of wine By Sarah Knapton Science editor DRINKING six glasses of wine a week is too much, a study has said, despite guidelines suggesting it is a safe limit. Research from the University of Cambridge and the British Heart Foundation, published in The Lancet, which looked at 600,000 drinkers across the world, found that drinking more could knock two years off a person’s lifespan. The study suggests the upper safe limit of drinking is the equivalent of just over five pints of beer, or five 175ml glasses of wine. The Government recommends both men and women drink no more than 14 units each week. Prof David Spiegelhalter, from Cambridge, said it appeared as if each unit above guidelines took about 15 minutes of life. ‘Oh, all right. Just a week’s worth for me’ 2 ** Friday 13 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph News Old bangers keep on rolling as drivers refuse to trade them in By Jack Maidment POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT The average age of a car on Britain’s roads is at its highest level since the turn of the millennium. Last year, the figure for cars and vans was 8.1 years, which is believed to be the first time that it has risen above eight since at least 2000. Statistics published by the Department for Transport showed that petrol cars were generally older, with an average of 9.1 years compared with 6.6 years for diesel cars. The data also showed that approximately 17 per cent of cars were more than 13 years old. Analysis carried out by The Times suggested that the proportion of such older vehicles had almost tripled over the last 20 years. Meanwhile, there were 3.1 million vehicles registered for the first time during 2017, which was about six per cent fewer than during the previous year and the first decrease in the number of new registrations since 2011. The ageing profile of the car fleet and the drop in new car registrations suggests that motorists are opting to hang on to older vehicles for longer. The Government has admitted that the drop in registrations might be due “in part” to a change in the amount of Vehicle Excise Duty on newly registered cars which came into effect in April last year. The change made the first and sub- NEWS BULLETIN Labour MP: May must say sorry to Commonwealth Emily Thornberry, the shadow foreign secretary, has called on Theresa May to apologise to the Commonwealth for historical wrongdoing by Britain. Ahead of the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting in London next week, Ms Thornberry urged the Prime Minister to “say sorry to the other heads of government” for the Tory party’s refusal to impose sanctions on South Africa during Apartheid in the Eighties. She also called on Mrs May to say sorry to the Chagos Islands and its people, where families were forced to leave in the Sixties and Seventies by Britain so a US airbase could be installed. sequent years of tax more expensive for low-emission, non-electric cars. The drop in new car registrations has been blamed on a fall in the number of new diesel vehicles registered in 2017, which was down 17 per cent compared with 2016. However, there was a significant increase in the number of ultra low emission vehicles (ULEV) registered as motorists increasingly sought more environmentally friendly cars. During 2017 more than 53,000 new ULEVs were registered, an increase of 27 per cent on 2016. Jack Cousens, head of roads policy for the AA, said that the “continued demonisation of diesel has contributed to the reduction of new vehicle sales” with motorists agonising over what fuel type to buy next. He said: “Clearly some are putting their faith in pure electric vehicles, which have increased by almost a third over the last 12 months. “This is a positive sign, but more must be done to encourage the uptake of electric vehicles, with more charging points being installed across the country. “However, the changes in Vehicle Excise Duty announced in 2015, which are now in place, have meant that some gas-guzzling vehicles are cheaper to run than they once were.” At the end of 2017 the total number of licensed vehicles on the road was 37.7 million, a 1.3 per cent increase compared to 2016. EU dashes Davis’s plan for pre-Brexit trade talks The EU has quashed David Davis’s hopes of agreeing a detailed outline of the future UK-EU trade agreement before the Brexit deadline expires. “There will be no negotiation strands, no ‘hundreds’ of British negotiators,” one EU diplomat said, referring to the Brexit Secretary’s plan for expansive pre-Brexit talks. “Trade negotiations will not start properly until after 29 March 2019. We must get the fundamentals right,” they said. EU-27 diplomats were yesterday told Brexit negotiations were deadlocked over how to avoid a hard border in Ireland. The EU still believes this will be impossible without the UK joining some form of EU customs union. Oxford professor ‘did a Weinstein’, says author By Katie Morley A MAN put off by the cost of a rail fare bought a car and drove from London to Bristol for less than he would have paid to take the train. Tom Church spent £80 on a secondhand car, £81.38 on road tax, £20.43 on insurance for a day and £25 on petrol – a total of £206.81 for the 120-mile drive. He found the car, a 1997 Honda Civic with 135,000 miles on the clock, online. Whereas peak-time return train tickets between London and Bristol cost between £210 and £218.10. He said: “The total cost was less than one train ticket. And I still have a car at the end of it. Yes, it is still expensive but the point is to show how mad train ticket prices are. Sometimes you have to think outside of the box to save money. “I’ll be the first to admit this isn’t the cheapest method. You can book tickets in advance and off-peak for less. You may be able to use a railcard or you could get a coach. But for those of us who aren’t able to, why do the train companies insist on ripping us off?” PAUL GROVER FOR THE TELEGRAPH Man buys second-hand car to beat price of return train ticket Agony and ecstasy It’s not just another day at the races – it’s the opening day of Aintree’s Grand National meeting. The big race is tomorrow, but there was lots of action yesterday, including Guy Disney making history as the first amputee jockey to ride over the fences. Germany’s sweetheart deal for Russian gas Continued from Page 1 pressure, and has become ideologically unhinged. The key report, called a “Statement of Objectives”, is a confidential indictment by the competition directorate. It was drawn up in 2015 after four years of investigation. It said Gazprom had infringed multiple EU laws and had engaged in “abusive behaviour”, charging “unfair prices” and leveraging its “dominant position”. The Commission called for fines of up to 30 per cent of relevant sales. “The Commission considers that the infringement has been committed intentionally. Gazprom is fully aware of the illegal nature of at least some of the various contractual and non-contractual measures,” it said. Gazprom was charging Poland $350 per 1,000 cubic metres of gas, compared with $200 further down the Yamal pipeline in Germany. The apparent reason was to punish Poland for refusing to cede control over that section of the infrastructure to the Russians. Germany’s privileged price may help explain why it has been the chief champion of Gazprom’s interests in Brussels. The episode risks mushrooming into a major Brussels scandal. Polish politicians say Germany has used its enormous influence to suppress the full findings of the inquiry and to push for a friendly settlement with Gazprom. “What we’re told is that the Commission wants an amicable settlement and has already decided to do this deal. It is disloyal and Poland is one of the victims, but not the only one,” said Jacek Saryusz-Wolski, a leading Polish MEP. At the time of the inquiry Russia had a near monopoly across the old Warsaw Pact region, accounting for over two thirds of natural gas supply to several countries. Its three sets of pipelines provided 64 per cent of EU gas imports, though the advent of liquefied natural gas and the construction of LNG terminals in Poland and Lithuania has reduced this dependency slightly. Gazprom controls the metering, the storage points and imposes clauses to stop “reverse flows” of gas from West to East, leaving the more vulnerable states at the mercy of a Kremlin squeeze. Gazprom stopped Poland obtaining emergency supplies of gas from Western wholesalers in 2009. Bulgaria is particularly isolated with no links to neighbouring gas networks. The document said the country was the victim of “exploitative abuse”. Most of the details were blacked out but there have been allegations of intimidation and blackmail in Eastern Europe’s press. In the Baltic states, gas prices differed from country to country, seeming to reflect shifts in policy towards Russia by respective governments. Gazprom has modified some policies but much remains unchanged. “Despite various requests by Gazprom’s customers to remove the restrictions, also in view of their illegality under EU competition rules, Gazprom did not agree to or ignored such requests,” it said. One of the leaked document reveals the Commission’s view on Gazprom’s offer of a settlement. It said the proposal would allow the company to “continue its pricing policy” and that it did not prevent other abuses from reoccurring. It admitted that acceptance of the offer by the EU would “be seen as failure to exercise the EU law enforcement powers”, yet this appears to be exactly what was being planned. Health Secretary says rule breaches are ‘honest mistake’ Continued from Page 1 MPs. All MPs must register any shareholding greater than 15 per cent in any company within 28 days. Mr Hunt took nearly five months to do so. He declared his co-ownership alongside the purchase of the flats in the Register of MPs’ Interests on March 7. Mr Hunt told The Daily Telegraph the breaches were an “honest mistake” by his accountant and that he had corrected the Companies House listing. His spokesman added: “Although there was no personal gain involved, Jeremy accepts these mistakes are his responsibility and has apologised to the parliamentary authorities.” Referring to the Companies Act breaches, the spokesman said: “This was an honest mistake by Jeremy’s accountant, which was rectified as soon as it was brought to their attention.” Dr Alex May, an academic, spotted the omission in the Companies House filing and contacted Mr Hunt’s office. His email, dated March 28, received no reply but a day later, Mr Hunt was listed as a “Person with Significant Control”, backdating his role to Sept 19, the day the firm was incorporated. The governing body of St Hugh’s College, Oxford, has commissioned an investigation into the behaviour of a professor who died last year and who has since been accused of “doing a Weinstein”. Mel McGrath, 54, an author, said that Prof David Robertson had “an uncanny knack for scheduling a shower, at whatever time of day, just before I arrived. He’d open the door, as if innocently, dressed in his bathrobe and, one time, in a tiny towel . . . David sat opposite [me], half-naked and manspreading, often smelling of alcohol and sipping from a mug of what was never tea or coffee.” St Hugh’s confirmed the investigation, but refused to comment further. Helicopter drug baron landed £7m of cocaine A Belgian drug baron who landed a helicopter at luxury country hotels to smuggle £7m worth of cocaine into the UK is facing jail. Frederic Fagnoul, 50, modified a helicopter with a secret compartment to stash large quantities of the narcotic. Members of the cartel also used a Nissan Qashqai with a secret compartment to transport the stock from the helipads to dealers in London, Liverpool and Birmingham. Fagnoul faces years in jail after admitting conspiracy to import cocaine at Southwark Crown Court. Marc Charlier, 53, the pilot, was cleared of involvement after insisting he had no knowledge of the cargo. Stephen Lawrence suspect to repay £6,000 A former suspect in the murder of Stephen Lawrence will repay just £6,000 reaped from a £750,000 drug plot despite being the “man at the top” of the criminal scheme, a court heard yesterday. Neil Acourt was jailed for six years and three months last February for conspiracy to supply Class B drugs during a two-year conspiracy. Acourt, 42, was brought from prison for a confiscation hearing at Kingston Crown Court yesterday. He was said to have £6,000 of realisable assets to his name and was told to repay that sum under the Proceeds of Crime Act, along with a victim surcharge of £120. Number of student suicides rises by 56pc The number of university students taking their own lives has overtaken the rate of suicide among the general population for the first time. Research by the Centre for Suicide Research and Prevention found that the rate had risen by 56 per cent between 2007 and 2016 to 10.3 deaths per 100,000 students. The number of female students taking their own lives rose from 22 in 2012 to 51 in 2016. Sir Anthony Seldon, vice-chancellor of the University of Buckingham and a campaigner on student wellbeing, told the BBC that “better tutoring and early warning, more peer to peer support” would improve wellbeing and reduce risk. is a member of the Independent Press Standards Organisation (IPSO) and we subscribe to its Editors’ Code of Practice. If you have a complaint about editorial content, please visit www.telegraph. co.uk/editorialcomplaints or write to ‘Editorial Complaints’ at our postal address (see below). If you are not satisfied with our response, you may appeal to IPSO at www.ipso.co.uk. The Daily Telegraph, 111 Buckingham Palace Road, London, SW1W 0DT *** The Daily Telegraph Friday 13 April 2018 News Judge halts trial of artist accused of embarrassing former lover after using his photo in a project By Helena Horton AN ART student who included a photograph of a former boyfriend’s naked torso in a university project was arrested and charged with making “revenge porn”. Lauren Smith, 26, included a cropped photograph of the man’s torso in a piece of artwork, which was awarded a first and was published on her artwork Facebook page but none of her personal social media accounts. The student at the University of Lincoln was charged with disclosing a private, sexual photograph with intent to cause distress, the charge commonly known as “revenge porn”, after her former boyfriend claimed to have identified himself and was “embarrassed”. The original image had been “topped and tailed” to edit out the head and genitals, but the complainant said that he could identify himself. The artist made no reference to the subject of the image, which was included alongside other pictures, a court was told. Ms Smith denied the charge, alleged to have been committed between May and September last year, and she had been due to stand trial at Maidstone Crown Court in Kent yesterday. Before a jury was sworn in, the judge said he had “real misgivings” about the prosecution’s arguments. He highlighted the purpose of the law, which was introduced to tackle the increasing numbers of incidents in which sexually explicit images or videos are uploaded to the internet to humiliate an individual. Judge Philip St John-Stevens questioned whether there was any intent or distress caused. The judge said that Ms Smith’s case had to be viewed in context. “It’s an image within a number of Lauren Smith posted a cropped photograph of her former boyfriend’s torso on her artwork Facebook page images in a piece of artwork submitted to university and marked for its artistic merit,” he said. “What is the evidence that the cropped image is of the person the Crown purport it to be? Even if that individual is correct in his belief that it is him, the image has specifically had the head removed and edited and the genitalia edited. “Nowhere in the artwork does it refer to him or that it was him. If he believes it is him, it is not an offence if it’s only him that thinks it was him. How does anyone else know it is?” He also said that distress could be caused only if the subject was identifiable by others. “This image has had everything done to it to ensure the identity of the person isn’t revealed. Anyone looking at this could not identify the person in that photograph,” the judge said. Oliver Dunkin, prosecuting, decided not to submit any evidence and told the court: “We were all in agreement that now we have consideration of the art project and looking at the case properly in the round, we cannot put this forward to a jury.” The judge entered a formal not guilty verdict and awarded Ms Smith travel costs of £240.50. Speaking after the hearing, Ms Smith, from Gainsborough, welcomed revenge porn legislation but said that she had not committed such an offence. “I am glad the offence is there because people do do that… But I was just making art and this case is not what the offence is there for.” An offence of revenge porn carries a maximum prison sentence of two years in England and Wales, and five years in Scotland. It is described as “the sharing of private, sexual materials, either photos or videos, of another person without their consent and with the purpose of causing embarrassment or distress”. The legislation covers images showing sexual activity, or with genitals, buttocks or breasts exposed or covered only by underwear. Both sharing the material and posting it online is an offence. Forget Old Masters, new trend in art is prehistoric By Henry Samuel in Paris ‘Dinosaurs have become cool, trendy – real objects of decoration’ by wealthy collectors or museums in Europe or America. Scars from battle or disease can raise prices. The pair were bought by an online overseas buyer, the Drouot auction house said. “It shows the interest of a new generation of fans both for the Jurassic era and the tools of the 21st century,” said Iacopo Briano, a fossil sales expert. He hailed the “exceptional” sale prices, although neither was a record. The nationality of Wednesday’s buyer was not revealed but auctioneers have noted a surge in interest in China. “Dinosaurs have become cool, trendy – real objects of decoration, like paintings,” Mr Briano told AFP. He cited Leonardo DiCaprio and Nicolas Cage, the Hollywood actors, as fans of enormous prehistoric ornaments. In 1997, McDonald’s and Walt Disney were among donors who raised $8.36 million (£5.8 million) to buy Sue – the most complete and best preserved Tyrannosaurus rex ever unearthed – for the Field Museum of Natural History in Chicago. AFP/GETTY IMAGES TWO dinosaur skeletons marketed more as trendy design objects than prehistoric fossils have sold for almost €3 million (£2.6 million) at auction in Paris. A diplodocus – a huge herbivore measuring 40ft (12m) from nose to tail – fetched €1.44 million (£1.3 million), compared with €1.41 million for a carnivorous allosaurus with “60 sharpened teeth”, a mere 12.5ft (3.8m) in length. Both roamed the Earth around 150 million years ago, in the late Jurassic period. Sixty per cent intact, the allosaurus had been expected to fetch up to €650,000 (£560,000). It lived in an area in what is today North America and Europe. A North American dweller, the diplodocus had been estimated at up to €500,000 (£430,000). Only a handful of dinosaur skeletons are auctioned off around the world per year and are mostly snapped up The two dinosaur skeletons – a diplodocus, back, and an allosaurus – were sold to the same buyer Legal fees cap to cut bogus holiday claims HOLIDAYMAKERS who make false sickness claims will find it tougher to bring cases after the Government announced that legal costs would be capped for the first time. The travel industry said that the number of false claims had risen by 500 per cent since 2013 to 35,000 a year. A legal loophole means that there are no limits to legal costs in travel claims, meaning that companies face huge costs if they lose. Many travel operators settle out of court rather than challenge claims because they fear that they will be hit with enormous legal bills. The Government is now bringing the claims within the “fixed recoverable costs regime”, which provides limits for legal costs. Rory Stewart, the justice minister, said: “Claiming compensation for being sick on holiday, when you haven’t been, is fraud. This damages the travel industry and risks driving up costs for holidaymakers.” Last month Chelsea 35,000 The number of bogus claims made per year against travel companies by holidaymakers Devine, 21 and Jamie Melling, 22, were ordered to pay £15,000 to the travel company Tui after they falsely claimed that they had fallen ill while on holiday in Spain. Photographs of them posing by the pool, which they had posted online, proved that they had not. Bake Off judge’s rolls are ‘illegal’ PAUL HOLLYWOOD has been accused of breaking the law after he advertised sausage rolls “by the inch” at his trendy London bakery. Customers were left bemused after Hollywood’s Knead outlet at Euston Station advertised items in imperial measures. A sign read: “Melt in the mouth sausage roll. Buy by the inch.” But some questioned whether it was legal. Paul Reynolds said: “Nice idea and they look delicious, but pretty sure that is illegal.” Another said: “Red Alert: Paul Hollywood is illegally peddling sausage rolls in imperial measures.” The Weights and Measures Act states that imperial measures can go alongside metric ones, but mustn’t stand out more. Representatives for Hollywood declined to comment. STEWART TURKINGTON/PA Student’s ex-boyfriend claims artwork of his torso is ‘revenge porn’ Having a ball The Queen expressed surprise at the lightness of a ball used by pensioners for a ‘bikini body-ready’ workout as she visited the King George VI Day Centre, Windsor, to mark its 60th anniversary and the 70th anniversary of Windsor Old People’s Welfare Association. 3 4 ** Friday 13 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph News Allies ‘will run Syria air strikes past Russia’ Kremlin says it has a hotline with West as May and her Cabinet agree to join international response By Gordon Rayner, POLITICAL EDITOR, Ben Riley-Smith, US EDITOR and Alec Luhn in Moscow PLANNED air strikes on Syria are being co-ordinated with Russia, it has emerged, as Theresa May reassured her Cabinet that any military response to last week’s chemical attack will not escalate into war. The US has identified eight potential targets in Syria, it was reported last night, as the Kremlin claimed a secure hotline for the US and Russia to communicate over their operations in Syria was “active” and being used by both sides. Vladimir Putin, the Russian president, expects allied forces to reveal the location of the targets in advance, to avoid bloodshed and restrict damage to legitimate military assets. According to reports in the US, the targets selected include two Syrian air- fields, a research centre and a chemical weapons facility. The strikes would be in response to last Saturday’s attack on Douma, the last rebel-held town in Eastern Ghouta, where Syrian government forces raised their flag yesterday, taking full control in a major victory for Bashar al-Assad, the president. The dialogue between Washington and Moscow is understood to have enabled the Prime Minister to assure her Cabinet that adequate plans are now in place to restrict the fallout from any British participation in military strikes on Syria. During a two-hour emer- gency Cabinet meeting yesterday, Mrs May secured the backing of ministers to join an international response “to deter the further use of chemical weapons by the Assad regime”, Downing Street said. In America, Donald Trump chaired a meeting of the National Security Council yesterday. As it ended, the White House said that “no final decision has been made” over Syria. The Prime Minister spoke to Mr Trump last night after his meeting. A Downing Street spokesman said: “They agreed it was vital that the use of chemical weapons did not go unchallenged, and on the need to deter the further use of chemical weapons by the Assad regime. They agreed to keep working closely together on the international response.” David Davis, the Brexit Secretary, who voted against military action in Syria in 2013, signalled before the Cabinet meeting that Mrs May had satisfied him adequate planning had been carried out. The Cabinet also agreed on “the need to take action to alleviate humanitarian distress”, helping make the legal case for taking military action May can take military action without first asking MPs Stealthily does it Some of the UK’s first F-35B Lightnings were seen refuelling from an RAF Voyager over Charleston on the east coast of the United States. Royal Navy and RAF pilots are currently training at Marine Corps Air Station Beaufort in South Carolina. This week they met an RAF Voyager from 10 Squadron, RAF Brize Norton to practise day and night air-to-air refuelling. This successful practice comes ahead of the transatlantic crossing that the stealth jets will make this summer as 617 Squadron returns to the UK and its new home at RAF Marham in Norfolk. Analysiss By Daniel Capurro KEN PIKE/MINISTRY OF DEFENCE C onstitutionally speaking, there is no need for the Prime Minister to seek permission from Parliament to take military action. The Cabinet serves at Her Majesty’s pleasure and exercises executive power on her behalf. That includes launching military action and declaring war. This is known as the “royal prerogative”. But of course, Parliament has had a role in the past. While Britain does not have a codified constitution, there is still a careful balance of powers. If the Cabinet were to act willy-nilly then Parliament would have something to say about it, and Parliament is ultimately sovereign. During the twentieth century, the extent to which any government consulted Parliament to’d and fro’d. What never took place was a vote by MPs to authorise military action before it was launched. That changed in 2003 with the second Iraq war, when Tony Blair chose to put the decision to Parliament. Still, that government held out that a convention had not been created. Blair also told a Commons committee in 2006: “I cannot conceive of a situation in which a government … is going to go to war except in circumstances where militarily for the security of the country it needs to act immediately without a full parliamentary debate.” The Cabinet Manual was amended to acknowledge “that a convention had developed in Parliament that before troops were committed the House of Commons should have an opportunity to debate the matter”, unless “there was an emergency”. For the Libya intervention in 2011 Parliament was asked to vote on the intervention after it had begun. The real turning point was in August 2013, when the government suffered a defeat over plans to bomb the Syrian regime in retaliation for a chemical weapons attack. For many MPs, this was a clear statement by Parliament of its sovereignty and of the existence of a convention. So does the PM have to consult Parliament first? Not quite. First, what constitutes an “emergency” is almost impossible to define. Second, it is still just a convention with no legal standing. In fact, the Government could, in theory, simply ignore a vote by Parliament against military action, because of the royal prerogative. If Parliament really wants to tie the Government’s hands then it needs to place the convention on the statute books. Mrs May will probably get away with not consulting Parliament this time. She will eventually have to make a statement to the House and seek its permission for any prolonged engagement. Otherwise, she will find herself in deep constitutional water. without the backing of the UN. The US is moving 10 warships and two submarines into position armed with up to 700 Tomahawk cruise missiles, while Theresa May has ordered at least one British submarine to the area with a capability to fire up to 38 Tomahawks against regime targets. Jeremy Corbyn, the Labour leader, insisted yesterday that Parliament must be “consulted”. He said: “Surely the lessons of Iraq, the lessons that came there from the Chilcot report, are that there has to be a proper process of consultation.” GCHQ will crack Kremlin’s cyber attacks in Aid minister says taxpayers the same way it thwarted Isil, says director should see how cash is spent By Harry Yorke POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT THE intelligence services can “degrade” the Kremlin’s cyber capabilities in the same way they dismantled Isil’s online propaganda machine, the director of GCHQ has said. Jeremy Fleming said that the surveillance agency’s expertise has never been in greater demand in the wake of the Salisbury attack. Speaking at a cyber security conference in Manchester yesterday, the former MI5 officer likened Russia’s growing list of “reckless” transgres- sions to the Islamist terror group, adding that the agency stood ready to deal with both state and non-state actors. In the same way that GCHQ helped “systemically and persistently” thwart Isil’s online network, Mr Fleming said the agency was testing its cyber defences in a manner similar to the emergency services preparing for a crisis. “The Russian government is widely using its cyber capability. They’re not playing to the same rules,” he said. “They’re blurring the boundaries between criminal and state activity… To stay ahead, to match the pace of technological change, we are investing in deploying our own cyber tool kit. It’s one that combines offensive and defensive cyber capabilities, to make the UK harder to attack, better organised to respond when we are, and able to push back if we must.” It comes a day after GCHQ announced the creation of a new base in Manchester, which Mr Fleming said would ensure the agency is able to draw on a “huge new pool of talented, tech-savvy recruits” to work alongside other intelligence agencies to defeat terrorism, organised crime and a growing pool of cyber hackers plotting attacks against the UK. By Jack Maidment POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT The public should be able to see in real time what international aid is spent on and how effective it is, the International Development Secretary has said. Penny Mordaunt admitted that there was a “lack of trust” over the way money was being spent after a sex abuse and harassment scandal. The public had the right to know “what, where, how and why” money was allocated and if it achieved desired results. She also said that the Government would try to spend more of the aid budget through its own departments rather than giving it to charities. Her remarks came after it emerged that the foreign aid budget, which is set on the basis of a target worth 0.7 per cent of GDP, had risen to almost £14 billion. Ms Mordaunt used a speech in London to signal a crackdown on questionable payments. “We won’t fund governments who can afford to, yet choose not to, invest in their own people,” she said. “We will not fund projects that would happen without us. Or spend money that could be better spent otherwise.” Moscow ‘must answer’ as weapons watchdog backs UK By Steven Swinford and Jack Maidment BORIS JOHNSON demanded answers from Russia after an international watchdog confirmed Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia were poisoned with a “high purity” strain of the Novichok nerve agent. The Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) backed British findings that a military-grade nerve agent had been used in the poisoning of the Skripals in Salisbury. It represents a significant boost to Theresa May, who has said that Russia was directly responsible for the attack. Mr Johnson said that only Russia had the “means, motive and record” to have carried out the attack. He said: “There can be no doubt what was used and there remains no alternative explanation about who was responsible. We will now work tirelessly with our partners to help stamp out the grotesque use of weapons of this kind. The Kremlin must give answers. We must, as a world community, stand up for the rules-based order which keeps us all safe. The use of weapons of this kind can never be justified, and must be ended.” The OPCW conducted tests on blood samples from the Skripals and Det Sgt Nick Bailey, who was poisoned after going to their aid, and an analysis of samples found in Salisbury. Its report stated: “The results of analysis of biomedical samples ... demonstrate the exposure of the three hospitalised individuals to this toxic chemical. The results of the analysis of environmental and biomedical samples collected by the OPCW team confirm the findings of the United Kingdom relating to the identity of the toxic chemical that was used in Salisbury...” The watchdog noted that the toxic chemical was of “high purity” with a “complete absence of all impurities”. Britain has now called a session of the executive council of the OPCW next week to “discuss next steps”. Mr Johnson said that Britain had asked the OPCW to publish its findings because “unlike the Russians, we have nothing to hide”. u Jeremy Corbyn yesterday faced repeated questions from a sixth former over his refusal to blame Vladimir Putin for the Salisbury attack. Unsatisfied with the Labour leader’s answers, the student, from Littleover Community School in Derby, asked: “You don’t think it’s Putin?”. Mr Corbyn responded: “I don’t say it is or isn’t. I say an investigation must take place so the finger of blame can be pointed with evidence behind it.” ** The Daily Telegraph Friday 13 April 2018 News Feminist told to refer to person accused of attacking her at gender recognition rally as woman By Victoria Ward A RADICAL feminist was yesterday warned by a judge to refer to the transgender defendant as a “she” during an assault case. Maria Maclachlan, 61, was giving evidence against Tara Wolf, 26, whom she claims tried to attack her at a rally, knocking her to the floor. She told Hendon magistrates’ court: “A hooded figure suddenly ran at me, ran past me from left to right, knocking the camera from my hand. “They swatted it. Although it was knocked out of my hand it was caught by the strap so it didn’t hit the ground, which I thought was the intention.” District Judge Kenneth Grant warned Ms MacLachlan to refer to Miss Wolf as “she” while giving evidence. He said: “The defendant wished to be referred to as a woman, so perhaps you could refer to her as ‘she’ for the purpose of the proceedings.” Ms MacLachlan, replied: “I’m used to thinking of this person who is a male as male.” The brawl took place in September at Speakers’ Corner in Hyde Park, ahead of a gender recognition talk. The meeting had been scheduled for a community centre in New Cross, southeast London, but the venue cancelled it citing safety concerns. The event was arranged by a panel of Trans-Exclusionary Radical Feminists (Terfs), who believe that transwomen should not be given the same rights as Maria Maclachlan, 61, above, is alleged to have been assaulted by Tara Wolf, 26, right, at Speakers’ Corner ahead of a gender recognition talk those born female. Around 80 had gathered in the park when Ms MacLachlan, who describes herself as a “gender critical feminist,” was allegedly punched. She was filming a group who were chanting “When Terfs attack, we strike back” and claimed she simply thought she might get some “amusing footage”. Ms Maclachlan has admitted that following the event she sent out a tweet featuring a close-up of the defendant’s face with the words: “Hiya, got any hair restorer while I’m in hiding? Love Tara.” Miss Wolf, who faces one charge of assault by beating, admitted being involved in the fracas but insists she was acting in self-defence. She said Ms Is there a boy who’d like to be our carnival queen? The Whitstable Carnival trophy awaits contenders’ applications came forward to enter so a court could not be made”. The competition, which in the past has been entered by up to 50 would-be carnival queens aged between 13 and 16 – and their two accompanying “princesses” – is now urging boys to apply to become carnival kings at the rescheduled event. Carol Simmons, the secretary of Whitstable Carnival Association, said: “It’s always just been girls in the past – we’ve never had boys before. Mainly because boys might not want to sit on a float and wave at the people of Whitstable. We’re happy to accept boys as contestants too. The problem is that lots of people think it’s a beauty contest, which it definitely is not.” Not everyone was as enthusiastic about the competition. Morag Warren wrote: “I wouldn’t want my daughter going for this … makes me a bit squeamish. “A beauty parade for 13-16year-old girls? The carnival could and should be brilliant without this relic. Quite chuffed that Whitstable parents have rejected this.” Margaret Maggie Honey wrote: “This idea of being princesses is outdated, rejuvenate carnival for the 21st century.” ALAN DAVIDSON/AJDIMAGESLTD IT SEEMS that the reign of the carnival queen is finally over after an “outdated” competition designed to crown the next monarch of a Kent seaside town failed to attract a single entrant. The organisers of the Whitstable Carnival said that no girls turned up to the carnival court selection at Whitstable Castle last Sunday. The job of a carnival queen is to represent the town for a year and participate in local events and fund-raisers. However, after the noshow the competition, which has been held every year since 1897, has announced it will break with tradition and accept applications from boys. A spokesman who posted a statement on Facebook explained that as “no girls All that jazz Cuba Gooding Jr, third from right, has won plaudits as Billy Flynn in a revival of Chicago, at London’s Phoenix Theatre. Councils plot ‘pay as you throw’ bin fees By Katie Morley HOUSEHOLDERS could be charged for the amount of rubbish they put in the bin under “pay as you throw” proposals that would see those who threw away the most paying bigger bills. The idea has been put forward by the Local Authority Recycling Advisory Committee (LARAC), which represents about two thirds of councils. The idea has been described as “ridiculous” by critics, who said that it could lead to a rise in fly-tipping and councils wasting resources spying on people. LARAC said that “pay as you throw” charges could be minimised if manufacturers and supermarkets, which are responsible for packaging, were forced to pay more for refuse services. Tony Blair floated the idea and millions of bins were fitted with chips, but the policy was abandoned. John O’Connell, chief executive of the TaxPayers’ Alliance, said: “You can guarantee that when bureaucrats cook up a scheme to charge residents for a service, they aren’t thinking about cutting their council tax to match. Hard-pressed families will resent paying extra for an army of bin snoopers telling people what to do.” Netflix killing cinema-going, says Mirren DAME Helen Mirren has hit out at Netflix for the “devastating” effect it has had on her director husband because, she says, it ruined the cinema-going experience. The Oscar-winning actress, 72, said media giants like the streaming service did not give viewers the “communal experience” of seeing films in cinemas. “It’s devastating for people like my husband, film directors, because they want their movies to be watched in a cinema with a group of people,” she told the i newspaper. Mirren’s husband is the Devil’s Advocate director Taylor Hackford. Maclachlan was shaking her partner “like a rag doll” when she struck her. She described the event as a hate rally and said the fight broke out because she feared Ms MacLachlan planned to out her as transgender online. “Terfs have a history of taking people’s pictures and posting them in pages like GenderIdentityWatch.com, a database that makes us a target for the far-Right,” she said. The two factions have repeatedly clashed over the issue of men who selfidentify as female, are allowed in women-only spaces and take on roles reserved for women. The group of radical feminists, including Ms Maclachlan, had gathered to discuss changes to the Gender Identity Act which will make it easier for people to define their gender themselves. Transgender activists were holding a counter demonstration when the two groups clashed. Ms Maclachlan argued that she was not even aware the group were trans, saying she thought they were all male. “They were not easily perceived as trans. I don’t mind going through them face by face if you want to argue the toss,” she said. “When I started filming I didn’t have any particular intention of what I might do with the footage. I might have shown it to my husband, I might have posted it on my Facebook page, or I might have uploaded it on my blog.” She denied she was trying to make the protesters feel “scared, uncomfortable or unsafe”. Miss Wolf admitted posting on Facebook ahead of the event: “I wanna f--up some terfs. They’re no better than fash (fascists).” She claimed she made the comment out of bravado and wanted to protest peacefully. The trial is due to last two days. JULIAN SIMMONDS FOR THE TELEGRAPH Transgender defendant must be ‘she’, rules judge 5 6 *** Friday 13 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph Bomber Command memorial RAF’s huge sacrifice laid bare at new memorial to the fallen Geoffrey Towers, 93, from Pontefract, a former Halifax rear gunner, at the International Bomber Command Centre’s Wall of Names JOHN ROBERTSON FOR THE TELEGRAPH ‘We want our visitors to come here and understand the strength of the stories, so they are stirred into thinking about the rawness of war these men faced every day’ Last veterans gather to remember their lost friends By Patrick Sawer and Victoria Panton-Bacon FOR decades they were denied the same level of recognition as their comrades in defeating Nazi Germany, their actions regarded as an embarrassing blemish on British conduct during the war. The deaths of thousands of German civilians during the bombing of cities such as Dresden and Cologne even led some veterans of Bomber Command to hide their part in the Allies’ victory over Hitler. But more than 70 years on the sacrifices made by those men in defence of their country have finally been recognised with the opening of the International Bomber Command Centre (IBCC), allowing men like Geoffrey Towers to pay his personal respects to his fallen comrades. Yesterday Mr Towers, 93, a former Halifax gunner and member of 158 Squadron, scanned the memorial wall at the centre, in Lincoln, and placed a poppy near the name of Cyril Sibley, his friend and comrade, who was shot down then killed in captivity in 1944. Mr Sibley was one of 57,861 members of Bomber Command and its ground crew, including women of the WAAF, killed during the Second World War, the highest casualty rate of any unit. By 1943 the aircrews – some barely out of their teens – had just a one-infour chance of surviving 30 missions. Only the infantry in the trenches of the First World War had a similarly high fatality rate. So it was fitting that the centrepiece of the IBCC, opened yesterday in the presence of 300 veterans, is a spire reaching 102 feet towards the sky, its height representing the wingspan of a Lancaster bomber. Beneath it is the Wall of Names listing all the men of Bomber Command who paid the ultimate price, alongside a Peace Garden. “The spire is particularly poignant,” said Ronald Houghton DFC, a former Australian Halifax pilot. “It reminds me of the spire of Lincoln Cathedral which so often guided us home.” Mulling over the losses on both sides in the battle for aerial and territorial supremacy he added: “War was simply nasty. I will never forget bringing down a German Messerschmitt 109. It came up beside us, and within 30 seconds we had released all of our eight bombs, and down he went. “We had to, if we hadn’t, it would have been us.” Such was the sense of embarrassment surrounding the civilian toll inflicted by the bombing raids on Germany – estimates range from 305,000 to 600,000 dead – that at the end of the war Winston Churchill distanced himself from Bomber Command’s contribution to victory. Ironically, this embarrassment also led to an overshadowing of the humanitarian role played by the unit during the terrible winter and spring of 1945, when thousands of Dutch civilians were saved from starvation by food parcels dropped from the air during Operation Manna. John Ottowell, a navigator on Lancasters, said: “It is really important to remember this – we saved so many lives because people in northern Holland especially were dying of hunger. It was a difficult operation because we had to fly very low, and slowly, but it had to be done. We had to feed the people.” It took until 2012 for the men to receive a campaign honour. About 10,000 surviving Bomber Command veterans were given the award, bringing them into line with those of Fighter Command. Among those at yesterday’s opening ceremony was 93-year old Len Manning, who was just 19 when he served as a rear gunner on a Lancaster in 57 Squadron. His plane was shot down by a German night-fighter over northern France on his third mission, targeting a railway goods yard. “I was burnt and the parachute was burning. I finished up with the Resistance for three months A poppy placed by Geoffrey Towers at the name of Cyril Sibley, a friend killed in 1944 until I was liberated by the Americans, having had lots of skirmishes,” he said. Rear Gunner Fred Hooker recalled the terror of bailing out of a burning Halifax over Munster, Germany, in September 1944. “Suddenly, I was sitting in my turret in fresh air. There was no perspex around me and my Browning guns were trailing over the rear turret. I remember disconnecting my oxygen so I could get out and crawl to the cockpit,” he said. “I think I had been knocked out by an exploding shell until the air brought me round. I stepped into the fuselage into a mass of flames towards the rear of the aircraft and picked up my burning parachute. “I bailed out. The next thing I remember was floating down to earth, rather too quickly, wondering what on earth was going to happen.” These and other stories are now being told at the IBCC, where a digital archive centre has been created, holding records of more than 900 oral veteran testimonies – in addition to hundreds of documents, photographs, letters and other items such as log and operational record books. Camilla Carlbom Flinn, a trustee of the centre, said: “Now they will be remembered. The purpose of the centre is to preserve the memories. We want our visitors to come here and understand the strength of the stories, so they are stirred into thinking about the rawness of war these men faced every day.” Organisers said the opening of the centre was likely to be the last formal gathering of Bomber Command’s veterans, the youngest of whom is 92. Additional reporting by Louis Collenette Editorial Comment: Page 15 ** The Daily Telegraph Friday 13 April 2018 7 News Sir Cliff paid £700,000 by police after raid tip-off to BBC SIR CLIFF RICHARD has been paid more than £700,000 by police after they tipped off the BBC about an investigation into alleged historic sex offences, it emerged as he began legal action against the corporation, which could result in multi-million pound payouts. The 77-year-old singer is demanding that the BBC pay him aggravated damages, including the advance for an autobiography shelved when they “shattered” his reputation by naming him as being under investigation for an alleged sex offence involving a minor dating back to 1985. As the trial at the High Court began, it emerged that if Sir Cliff wins he will seek £278,261 for legal costs, £108,500 for PR fees and an undisclosed sum for the “substantial non-recoverable advance” agreed for his autobiography, which was due to be published in 2015. His lawyers say that the book My Life, My Way is “no longer viable” and that he is entitled to aggravated damages because the BBC have “rubbed salt in the wound” by refusing to apologise. It also emerged that when South Yorkshire Police settled the allegations against them they agreed to pay Sir Cliff £700,000 as well as his legal fees. They have apologised and accepted that their conduct was “unlawful”. The legal fees have not been decided but the police note that by June 2017 costs against both defendants were already in excess of £1million. Justin Rushbrooke QC said that the BBC had reported the search in the most “prominent and sensational way” simply because they were desperate for the “scoop”. Dan Johnson, their North of England reporter, had also told bosses that he had police “over the barrel” as he had a tip that Sir Cliff was being investigated. The BBC deny invasion of privacy and breach of the Data Protection Act, arguing that the claim, the first of its kind, is an affront to the principles of freedom of speech and that they accurately reported a story which was “a matter of high public interest”. “It is hard to encapsulate in words the sense of panic and powerlessness that must have been induced when he realised that the BBC were relaying highly sensitive and damaging information [about him] – all based on an allegation of serious criminal conduct which he knew to be false,” Mr Rushbrooke said. The Metropolitan Police investigated the allegations against Sir Cliff generally and found no evidence to support them and it was announced he would face no charges in June 2016. The BBC deny the police’s claim that they “pressurised” them into handing over the information. The day before officers searched Sir Cliff ’s home in Sunningdale, Berks, they phoned the BBC to tell them it would take place, allowing them to have satellite trucks, reporters and helicopters in place. BBC legal documents state that what was published was accurate and a legitimate matter of public interest. Sir Cliff is due to give evidence today. Editorial Comment: Page 15 By Victoria Ward THE “bullish” former leader of Rochdale council lied to an inquiry about his knowledge of a child sex abuse scandal, a panel has found. Richard Farnell’s claim that he was unaware of the sexual exploitation of boys at a residential school in the town “defies belief,” the Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse panel concluded, while his refusal to accept responsibility for the scandal, whilst heaping blame on others, is described as “shameful”. He was suspended by the Labour Party yesterday. More than 40 men claim to have been abused at locations in Rochdale, including Knowl View school, between the early Sixties and mid-Nineties. Regarding Mr Farnell, the panel said: “We did not believe him. It defies belief that Mr Farnell was unaware of the events involving Knowl View School.” Mr Farnell insisted he had told the truth, saying that there was “clear evidence” that he was not informed about Knowl View during his time as leader. Radio 4 ‘Rivers of Blood’ airing defended By Anita Singh ARTS AND ENTERTAINMENT EDITOR BEN CAWTHRA/LNP By Hayley Dixon Rochdale abuse panel ‘lied’ to by council leader Sir Cliff Richard arrives at the High Court where he is claiming aggravated damages against the BBC Nine arrested after police raid on London gangs linked to murders By Helena Horton SCOTLAND Yard carried out a widespread raid on London’s gangs yesterday, arresting “corrupted children” cajoled into drug dealing and gangsters who flash their wealth on social media. Operation Todhabi took place in the early hours and picked up suspected members of the MDP gang, including a 14-year-old boy who was believed to have sold Class A drugs. MDP, which stands for “Murder Dem Pussies”, has been linked to several killings. Scotland Yard said that among the confiscated goods was a vast amount of cash, a Skorpion machine pistol, another handgun, 40 rounds of ammunition and a kilogram of suspected Class A drugs. The raid on eight addresses in Northolt, Greenford, Fulham and Brentford came as the Met faced criticism for the rise in crime in London. There are 55 open murder cases that have built up since the start of the year. Overall, six males and three females, aged between 14 and 49, were arrested. Sadiq Khan, the Mayor of London, said: “These intelligence-led and targeted operations by the Met Police will con- tinue over the days and weeks ahead and the police have my full support in this fight against violent crime.” Cressida Dick, the Met Police Commissioner, told reporters: “They are very violent. Several have a history of serious violence. At least one is suspected of regularly using a firearm.” THE BBC has defended its decision to broadcast Enoch Powell’s infamous “Rivers of Blood” speech in full, as a Labour peer demanded that it be dropped from the schedule. Listeners “should wait to hear the programme before they judge it”, the corporation said in response to a backlash on social media. Radio 4’s Archive on 4 programme this Saturday will feature a reading of the speech, originally delivered in 1968, to mark its 50th anniversary. Only short excerpts were recorded at the time. Lord Adonis, the former transport secretary, in a letter to Sharon White, Ofcom’s chief executive, said: “It seems extraordinary that one should have to make the argument in today’s Britain that Powell’s speech is an incitement to racial hatred and violence which should not be broadcast.” The BBC said: “This is a rigorous journalistic analysis of a historical political speech.” 8 *** Friday 13 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph News Social care loses out to the ‘beloved’ NHS, claims health chief Glen Garrod, the new president of the Association of Directors of Adult Social Services, a charity made up of local authority directors of social care, said the health service was “mythologised” and had become “totemic” in many people’s minds, which meant social care was underfunded and found it harder to recruit. Mr Garrod, the executive director of adult care and community wellbeing at Lincolnshire County Council, told The Daily Telegraph that social care “struggles to compete with the beloved NHS that has all this iconography around it. Whilst it deserves that, it can go too far, and we deserve that too”. He added: “We had three days of snow, particularly along the east coast of England, so we were particularly affected in Lincolnshire. “The media and the public narrative was all about the NHS doing wonderful things. I can assure you there are far more social workers and social care staff out there doing equally wonderful things. Where was our narrative?” “We don’t just fix bits of people, we see the whole person”, he added. He said social care struggled partly because it was organised on a local level, instead of nationally. “When the NHS was formed it became totemic almost. It was an identifiable construct MPs’ working hours gave me a stroke, says ex-minister which had a group of identifiable professions within it. Social care operates through local government in a local environment. Its national profile isn’t as powerful. “There wasn’t this national totemic structure where ministers and the public could look and say ‘that is the creation of the state, we contribute to it’.” A pay deal cut last month meant NHS staff are to get a 6.5 per cent pay rise over three years, in exchange for giving up a day’s holiday. Mr Garrod said staff at the lower levels would receive pay increases which were much higher, tempting care workers to leave the social care sector in favour of healthcare. “If you’re a home-care worker, [becoming a] healthcare assistant might seem an attractive option. Particularly if you’re going to be able to receive £2,000 or £3,000 a year more. For home care workers, that’s a lot of money,” he said. “Councils are paying more but there’s a limit to how far they can go and the NHS is able to go further at the moment. I think that’s regrettable. “It’s not to say that the NHS shouldn’t have more, it’s to say that we’d want a parity of esteem.” He called for social reformers such as Charles Booth, Sidney and Beatrice Webb and Joseph Rowntree to be celebrated in the public consciousness in the same manner as nursing figures such as Florence Nightingale. “We’ve got our own figures – they do not have the same resonance, it strikes me,” he said. Earlier this year the National Audit Office described adult social care as a “Cinderella service” which is undervalued and lacking in prestige, leading to workforce shortages. A government green paper due to be published before the summer will set out a plan for social care funding and staffing. By Harry Yorke POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT NORMAN LAMB, the former Liberal Democrat health minister, has disclosed that he recently suffered a stroke, which he blamed on long working days and lack of sleep. Mr Lamb said that he woke with double vision at his London flat a fort- We won’t know what was on Natalie’s mind, says coroner SWNS Director says that sector is ‘The media and the underfunded and finds it public harder to recruit due to health service ‘mythology’ narrative was all By Olivia Rudgard about the SOCIAL AFFAIRS CORRESPONDENT NHS doing SOCIAL care is losing out to the “beloved NHS” and the “mythology” wonderful around the health service has gone too things’ far, a senior health chief has said. Troubled relationship: Natalie Lewis-Hoyle, the daughter of Miriam Lewis and Sir Lindsay Hoyle, above right Norman Lamb: ‘I have to make adjustments to my life. There is no point killing myself’ night ago and was admitted to hospital with a “minor stroke”. The Norfolk MP, 60, said that he was lucky to have suffered no lasting damage and considered the incident to be a “second chance”. “You never think it is going to happen to you and then suddenly you are told you’ve had a stroke,” he told the Eastern Daily Press. “It was a lifechanging moment.” Mr Lamb, the Lib Dem health spokesman, added that the strain of working seven days a week and sleeping for just four to five hours was likely to have been a factor. “I’ve got to work smarter,” he said. “When a doctor tells you about the importance of sleep, you have to take notice. “I’ve had to have a massive re-evaluation. I owe it to Mary [my wife], who THE daughter of Commons deputy speaker Sir Lindsay Hoyle had been in a “toxic” relationship before her death in her bedroom, an inquest has heard. Natalie Lewis-Hoyle, 28, died in Heybridge, Essex, on December 15 last year. The parish councillor had been reflecting on a troubled relationship before her death, but was “finally coming to terms with the fact that it wasn’t going to go anywhere”, her mother Miriam Lewis told the Chelmsford hearing. Essex police concluded there were no suspicious circumstances and had been no third party involvement in Miss Lewis-Hoyle’s death, and this was accepted by the court. But both her parents told the inquest they were troubled by phone calls they believed had affected their daughter’s state of mind. No details of the calls were disclosed. They said she had expressed no intention to take her life. Miss Lewis-Hoyle had been collected by her mother from Hatfield Peverel station on December 14 and had a blood-alcohol level of 171mg per 100ml. Coroner Caroline Beasley-Murray said she wanted to put that in context by adding that “she wasn’t driving and it was a weeknight before Christmas” when many people went for post-work drinks. Mrs Lewis found her daughter hanged at home the next morning. Mrs Beasley-Murray recorded an open conclusion, adding: “We will never quite know what was going through her mind. So that’s what I am going to record.” has put up with a massive amount with the job that I do and the way I do it. It is all-consuming. It is seven days a week. “But that is the way I’ve wanted to do it. What I have to recognise now is I have to make adjustments. There is no point killing myself.” Mr Lamb plans to return to Westminster in time for the next session of Parliament, which starts next week. ** The Daily Telegraph Friday 13 April 2018 9 News By Francesca Marshall THE thorny problem of picking wildflowers has caused a row in the genteel world of horticulture and beyond. The practice has been encouraged on charity, to by the biggest conservation pers, who say the annoyance of beekeepers, ntryside. it could damage the countryside. nched a Great Plantlife UK has launched British Wildflower Huntt to get chilaffdren more involved in nature afrs are no o ter fears that youngsters longer interested in wildlife. eleased a The charity has released new code of conductt instructing people when it’ss acceptable ers,, but the th he to pick wild flowers, en move has been called “wrong” by beekeepers who say that the use confusion and change will cause ging up plants rather risk people digging than picking a handful. n, Plantlife’s chief execMarian Spain, BC Radio 4: “We underutive, told BBC at might sound a little bit stand that that m a conservation charity, unusual from y we work very hard to save flowers and keep them growing, but actually wild flowerss are quite d picking one or resilient and Common knapweed is among plants that can be picked if there are plenty about two from a big patch won’t actually harm that population. “We’ve published a list of 12 that are very common and very easy to recognise and also a code of conduct on what to do and we understand one of the reasons w we are publishing this is because people are going to ask us, they are don t know and we confused and they don’t chi think it is important that children do ha hav h aav ve contact with nature.” have whic The hunt, which was launched at Easter, includes 68 species to look out for, 12 of which can be picked, with the wi not do assurance that you will a harm if you follow any Plantlife’s code of conduct when it comes to pic picking. It is against the law to pick flowers in council parks or on councilroundabout ou or verges, maintained roundabouts a well as any as ga gardens with flower planted by flowers organisations. Pete Barrar, from the National Beekeeping Centre for Wales, said: “I think Plantlife do a really rea great job but I think t nk they’re wrong on this one. We thi think h e a Countryside Code hav C have that is simple a and very clear and it says that we s uld not damage or destroy or resho should m e features such as rocks, plants and mov move trees from our environment. env trees “If you go into the woods just now a and have a look at the beautiful prim- GETTY IMAGES Plant lovers at odds over letting children pick wildflowers ‘If we say to children you can’t touch flowers, you can’t pick them, we turn them off’ roses, when does picking a primrose cease and digging up a primrose start?” Ms Spain said that the code was there to ensure people knew what was right and wrong. She added: “We are saying something unusual but actually as a nation we’re facing an even bigger risk that our children have less and less contact with wildlife and we think that if we say to children ‘you can’t touch flowers, you can’t pick them’ we turn them off. “What we want is for people to learn more about wild flowers and know what’s around them. It is OK to bring a few daisies home and make a daisy chain. That’s what we’re encouraging, ‘Village of the Jammed’ to sue over HGVs By Daily Telegraph Reporter RESIDENTS plagued by traffic jams are to sue their county council after it directed HGVs through their tiny village Melbury Abbas in Dorset was nicknamed the “Village of the Jammed” after officials re-routed lorries to save the wear and tear on the nearby A350. However, this has regularly resulted in HGVs getting stuck, with an average of 18 jams a week. Residents of the village, which has a population of 300, are taking the matter to the High Court for judicial review, having set up a crowdfunding campaign to help with legal costs. The problems began in June 2016 when the council diverted southbound lorries, using the 16ft-wide C13 through the village. The space left for oncoming traffic is so narrow that a Smart car struggles to squeeze past the lorries which often become stuck on the tight bends. Villagers have recorded more than 1,400 jams, which last an average of 27 minutes. William Kenealy, chairman of the Melbury Abbas and Cann parish council, said: “We’ve tried everything and we’ve got to the point where going to court is our only option.” Dorset County Council said it remained convinced it was making the right decision. Pick of the bunch The 12 you can take home uPrimrose uCow parsley uMeadowsweet uButtercup uOx-eye daisy uYarrow uCommon dog-violet uRed campion, pictured above uGreater stitchwort uDaisy, pictured left uDandelion, pictured above uCommon knapweed not wholesale picking.” Last year footage emerged of a police officer confiscating 27 daffodils from two girls who had picked them from a verge in Nottinghamshire. u The Royal Horticultural Society’s fifth garden in Bridgewater is aiming to encourage “Generation Rent” to grow fruit and vegetables in small spaces. Charlotte Harris and Hugo Bugg hope their kitchen garden will show younger people how to grow produce in flats and on balconies. Ms Harris said: “We’ll be trying out new varieties that can’t be found in the supermarket.” Editorial Comment: Page 15 Why is Willand moving up in the world? By Sarah Knapton SCIENCE EDITOR IT IS arguably the most upwardly-mobile village in Britain. Scientists have discovered that Willand, near Cullompton in Devon is rising by 0.7 inches (2cm) a year, but they cannot explain why. The anomaly was spotted by Geomatic Ventures Limited (GVL) which has been compiling satellite images between 2015 and 2017 to create the first map of land motion. “We generally see this sort of uplift where there has been mining works and the pumps have been switched off, allowing the water to gradually seep back into the ground,” said Dr Andy Sowter, chief technical officer of GVL. “Willand is in the middle of nowhere, and there were no mines, so we have no idea what is going on. For people living in the village it would be imperceptible and there is unlikely to be any structural damage, but it is concerning that there is a high-speed railway line running in the area and the M5.” Experts say that the fact that both fields and built-up areas are rising suggests that the answer lies deep underground. And they are concerned that it could be the result of a large environmental discharge, or huge leak. “It’s fairly sizable, the whole town is moving here,” added Dr Sowter. “I think the authorities definitely need to go down there and investigate.” 10 ** Friday 13 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph News ‘Club sandwich’ pensioners bankroll the whole family By Olivia Rudgard SOCIAL AFFAIRS CORRESPONDENT A “CLUB SANDWICH” generation of pensioners is bankrolling their families to the tune of £4,000 a year, research has found. The study by Prudential found that those retiring this year are supporting an average of three family members, including children, grandchildren and parents. People in their forties and fifties have previously been described as a “sandwich generation” who must support their children to buy a house and their parents to pay for social care. But the research suggests that today’s retirees face additional pressures from an extra group who require their help – grandchildren. In some cases, the study found, those in their sixties were also supporting their own parents. Stan Russell, a retirement expert at Prudential, said: “Our own research does show that we’ve got a percentage of money going to children, some going to grandchildren and some going to elderly parents so being stuck in the middle there is a good analogy. “Part of it is down to increased longevity, and as a nation more of us are living longer. More of us are getting beyond our eighties, so we have got those people who need support and who are still with us.” People planning to stop work this year expect to give their families £360 a month on average, a total of £4,320 after tax in a year. One in five said they handed out £500 a month on average to family members. Much of the money is going to fund university fees and living costs, with 23 per cent of people saying the cash was used for this. Another 22 per cent were helping family members buy a home, while 27 per cent were helping with everyday items such as food and travel. A minority of retirees – one in four – said they had a family but did not provide any financial support. High house prices compared to salaries leave many young people unable to buy without financial help from parents or grandparents. The average firsttime buyer is now in their early thirties, compared to just 23 in 1960. Figures released last year by Legal & General suggested that the “bank of mum and dad” now helps to fund a quarter of house purchases, lending more than £6.5 billion to help younger relatives buy a home. Mr Russell added: “The 2018 genera- tion of retirees have benefited to a large extent with the property boom, with stock market booms, with having final salary pension schemes. “Fewer and fewer of the future generation, unless they’re in the public sector, will have that secure high level of income.” “I think the parents and grandparents who have that money are feeling that they don’t want to go to their grave in a gold-lined coffin, they’re quite happy to help where they can.” Sitting at desk for hours ‘could raise risk of dementia’ u Plans to test four-year-olds in their first weeks at school will result in children being coached by parents from the age of three, campaigners have warned. The Government has announced that the controversial new assessment, to be rolled out by the end of 2020, will be used to measure the progress children make at primary school. Neil Leitch, chief executive of the Pre-school Learning Alliance, warned that it would encourage the coaching of preschoolers to ensure they were test ready. “The simple fact is that no testcondition assessment can be designed well enough to reflect the complexities and variation of a child in reception,” he told the Guardian. u Sitting at a desk all day or watching television for hours may damage the brain in a way which could increase the risk of dementia, a study suggests. Scientists at the University of California recruited 35 people aged between 45 and 65. They found that study participants who reported more sitting had thinner brain structures. Although the researchers say they cannot be sure that the sedentary behaviour is responsible for the thinning, they are now launching studies to find out if the link is causal. Thinning of the medial temporal lobe can be an early sign of cognitive decline. The researchers say that moving about may be a good way to prevent dementia. The study was published in the journal PLOS One. Remove ‘disgusting’ child sex dolls from sale, Amazon urged Alex Beckett, star of BBC comedy W1A, dies at 35 u Amazon should ensure “disgusting” child sex dolls are not restored for sale on its website, England’s children’s commissioner has said. It comes after a number of child sex dolls were found on Amazon Marketplace, leading to Amazon removing them. However, the dolls reappeared three days later. Anne Longfield told the BBC: “These dolls are disgusting and are clearly meant to look like children.” She added: “Such dolls are clearly built for one purpose and that purpose is a clear danger to the safety of real children.” Amazon said it had now removed all the specific child doll products which had been brought to its attention. It said: “The products in question are no longer available.” uAlex Beckett, the actor who played Barney Lumsden in the BBC comedy series W1A, has died suddenly at the age of 35. The news was announced yesterday by the Donmar Warehouse, where he had been appearing in The Way of the World. No cause of death was given and the theatre has cancelled this week’s performances as a mark of respect and to give some time to the company, “who all loved Alex”. Shane Allen, the BBC’s controller of comedy commissioning, said: “We’re all incredibly crushed to hear of Alex’s untimely death. He was a prolific, versatile and much-admired comedy star whose role as Barney Lumsden in both Twenty Twelve and W1A was a key ingredient of their success.” BBC/PA School tests could result in coaching for three-year-olds Grandes dames Joan Plowright, 88, second left, stepped back from her career in 2009 after losing her sight, but she is coming out of retirement to star with Maggie Smith, Eileen Atkins and Judi Dench, all 83, in a new documentary. Nothing Like A Dame, to be released in cinemas on May 2, lets the cameras in on a friendship that’s more than half a century old. u An army sergeant accused of tampering with his wife’s parachute was in contact with prostitutes at the time of her fall in April 2015, a court heard. Emile Cilliers, 38, of the Royal Army Physical Training Corps, faces two charges of attempted murder and a third count of damaging a gas fitting recklessly endangering life. The judge, Mr Justice Sweeney, told the jury at Winchester Crown Court that a previous trial had ended with the jury unable to reach verdicts. Michael Bowes QC, prosecuting, said Cilliers wanted to get rid of his wife Victoria “permanently” and added: “This is a man who cared absolutely nothing for her and treated her with absolute contempt.” He explained at the time Cilliers was carrying out an affair, as well as having a “sexual relationship” with Carly Cilliers, his ex-wife, and had “contact with a number of prostitutes”. Mr Bowes said that on March 13 2015 Cilliers arranged to meet Carly Cilliers for sex before arranging to have unprotected sex with a prostitute for £100 and asking her “Can I film it?” The trial continues. Gotta have it The signed leather biker’s jacket worn by George Michael in the video for his 1987 single Faith is being sold at auction in New York. EDF follows British Gas in raising prices SLAVEN VASIC/GETTY Parachute trial sergeant saw prostitutes u EDF Energy has become the latest Big Six energy giant to announce a price rise, as it blamed rising bills on the cost of installing smart meters. Yesterday it announced its standard variable electricity tariff would rise by 2.7 per cent in June, putting up the bills of 1.3 million customers by an average of £16. The rise takes the average standard variable dual fuel price to £1,158 a year. British Gas announced on Tuesday that its gas and electricity prices would increase by 5.5 per cent in May. Experts expect other Big Six firms to follow suit with price rises this spring. EDF blamed its rise on “pressures with energy, policy and costs of installing meters”. Speaking about British Gas, Claire Perry, the energy minister, described its default tariff rise as “unjustified ... when customers are already paying more than they need to”. Alan Whitehead, the shadow business and energy minister, accused British Gas of rushing out an increase before the Government’s price cap on standard variable tariffs is rolled out later this year. ** The Daily Telegraph Friday 13 April 2018 11 World news US could launch ground invasion of North Korea, says top diplomat DONALD TRUMP’S nomination for America’s top diplomat yesterday said he could imagine the US launching a ground invasion of North Korea. Mike Pompeo, proposed as the new secretary of state, said the US may at some point have to “move past diplomacy” to stop the regime’s nuclear programme. However, Mr Pompeo stressed he did not favour “regime change” and wanted to solve the world’s crises with diplomatic rather than military means. During a grilling by a Senate committee, Mr Pompeo said he had been interviewed by the Russian election meddling investigation, but declined to answer questions about what was discussed. He said he would not quit if Robert Mueller, the special counsel leading the Russia investigation, was sacked by Mr Trump. Mr Pompeo declined to say that Mr Trump should pull out of the Iran nuclear deal unilaterally and pledged to counter Russia’s attempts to undermine Western democracy. He also promised to fill gaps in the State Department that have been left open since Mr Trump took office, warning that diplomats had become demoralised. Mr Pompeo, currently the CIA director, needs to be approved by the Senate before he can replace Rex Tillerson, the former secretary of state who was fired by Mr Trump. Mr Pompeo will become Boris Johnson’s opposite number if he is approved and has been seen as a foreign policy hawk on issues such as Iran and North Korea. The former Republican congressman and ex-captain in the US army has been painted by political opponents as a “yes man” to Mr Trump. During his Senate appearance, Mr Pompeo attempted to push back on his “hardliner” image while echoing many of Mr Trump’s foreign policy positions. In an opening statement, Mr Pompeo said he had “no discomfort with directness”. He also said he was “not afraid of getting my hands dirty”, does not “hold grudges” and prefers to thrash out differences face-to-face. On policy, Mr Pompeo insisted he did not favour regime change in North Korea, where leader Kim Jong-un has continued to develop nuclear weapons since Mr Trump took office, but did not rule out military action. One senator asked whether there was “any circumstance where a ground invasion of North Korea would be necessary in order to rid that country of its nuclear weapons programme”. Mr Pompeo responded: “I suppose I could hypothise such situations so I’ll answer your question as could I imagine one? Yes, yes senator, I could. “I mean, I suppose it’s possible that we would get to the condition … where Kim Jong-un was directly threatening and we had information about his activities. Yes, I can imagine times when America would need to take a response that moved past diplomacy.” On Iran, Mr Pompeo said there was “no evidence” that Iran was not in compliance with the terms of a nuclear deal struck by Barack Obama – raising hopes the agreement could still be kept by Mr Trump. He came under tough questioning over his past political stances, refusing to give a yes or no answer to whether he thought gay sex was a “perversion”. By Rozina Sabur WaShington AP PHOTO/RONALD ZAK By Ben Riley-Smith US Editor Magazine paid $30,000 to silence rumour of Trump affair Where do you put it? A keeper looks into the mouth of a South American sea lion during feeding time at the Schönbrunn zoo, in Vienna, yesterday. On a diet of hake and anchovies, male sea lions can grow up to 9ft long and weigh 800lbs. A MAGAZINE paid Donald Trump’s doorman $30,000 (£21,000) to prevent him speaking publicly about a rumour that his boss had fathered a love child. The publisher of National Enquirer, whose chief executive, David Pecker, is a friend of Mr Trump, has repeatedly been accused of buying rights to unfavourable stories about the US president in order to bury them. Radar Online, a sister publication, reported that the magazine had paid Dino Sajudin, who worked at one of Mr Trump’s buildings, for the story but did not publish anything. Mr Sajudin told the magazine that he had heard a rumour that Mr Trump fathered a child with an employee at Trump World Tower in New York. The woman at the centre of the story, who has not been named, has denied the affair. Dylan Howard, the magazine’s editor, said that he made the payment but the information “lacked any credibility”. However, four journalists involved say that they were told by top editors to stop pursuing the story. US media has reported on a “catch and kill” tactic at the magazine’s publisher, American Media Inc (AMI), where unfavourable stories were bought and never published. Last year Ronan Farrow claimed that AMI colluded with Harvey Weinstein to silence his accusers by buying up rights to their stories and refusing to print them. AMI also bought the rights to a story from Karen McDougal, a former Playboy model who claimed that she had an affair with Mr Trump, shortly before the election in 2016. The story was never published. Mr Trump has denied the affair. The company has previously said: “The suggestion that AMI holds any influence over the President of the United States, while flattering, is laughable.” The White House has not responded to requests for comment. Comey: president wanted me to investigate Russian prostitutes slur By Rozina Sabur DONALD TRUMP wanted James Comey to investigate the infamous allegations that he had paid Russian prostitutes to urinate on a hotel bed to prove that they were a lie, the former FBI chief has claimed. “He brought up what he called the ‘golden showers thing,’ adding that it bothered him if there was ‘even a one per cent chance’ his wife, Melania, thought it was true,” writes Mr Comey in his book, to be published next week. “He just rolled on, unprompted, explaining why it couldn’t possibly be true, ending by saying he was thinking of asking me to investigate it to prove it was a lie. I said it was up to him.” Mr Comey writes that the conversa- tion took place during a private dinner on Jan 27 2017, where he claims the president also demanded “loyalty”. The dinner was held days after Buzzfeed published an intelligence dossier produced by Christopher Steele, a British former spy, alleging that the Kremlin had a tape of Mr Trump paying prostitutes to urinate on a bed once occupied by Barack Obama. In the book, Mr Comey also claims that Mr Trump’s chief of staff called the president “dishonourable” over his firing. Mr Trump sacked Mr Comey in May, when he was heading up an investigation into possible collusion between Russians and the Trump campaign during the 2016 election, saying he was “not able to effectively lead the bureau”. He was in California on a work trip at the time and only learned of his exit when he saw the news break on TV. According to the Daily Beast, Mr Comey claims in his memoir that John Kelly, who was at the time the head of the Department of Homeland Security, called him within minutes of his dismissal to offer his support. Mr Comey reportedly writes that Mr Kelly, now the White House chief of staff, was “emotional” over the manner in which he was fired. He went on to say that he “intended to quit” in protest because “he didn’t want to work for dishonourable people” in a pointed reference to Mr Trump. Mr Comey’s searing book, A Higher Loyalty: Truth, Lies, and Leadership, is the first time he will lay out his account of his time in office to the public. 12 ** Friday 13 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph World news Camera traps suspect in crowd of 60,000 Man wanted over historical crime caught by facial recognition technology at China pop concert By Neil Connor in Beijing POLICE in China detained a man at a pop concert last week after he was identified by facial recognition cameras as a suspect in a historic crime. The 31-year-old was plucked out of a crowd of 60,000 people and held for questioning over an “economic dispute” at the start of a performance by Hong Kong’s Jacky Cheung in the south-eastern Chinese city of Nanchang. The suspect, who was identified only as Mr Ao, had driven almost 60 miles to the concert with his wife and several friends, who bought him a ticket, reports say. But shortly after the music began, police approached him to say that his facial features indicated he was wanted in connection with an economic crime they had investigated in the nearby Guangxi region. “The suspect was shocked that he was found among tens of thousands of people,” said Li Jin, a local police of- ficer, according to the China Daily. Mr Ao only went to the concert as he thought he would be safe at a venue with large crowds, Chinese media reported. He would never have gone if he knew that police had hi-tech camera technology that could track criminals, he said. Cantopop singer Jacky Cheung is a huge star across China and Hong Kong and has been on a world tour since 2016. Mr Li added: “The concert attracted more than 60,000 visitors, so we paid a lot of attention to its security. “We set up several cameras at the ticket entrance, which was equipped with facial recognition technology.” It is the latest example of the technique being used to catch suspects for ‘The concert attracted more than 60,000 visitors so we paid a lot of attention to its security’ a wide range of crimes and misdemeanours in China. Police wore “facial recognition glasses” at a train station last month which resulted in 33 people being de- tained for crimes including kidnapping, hit-and-run and using false ID. Meanwhile, another 25 suspects were held for historic crimes at a beer festival last year after they were picked out. The technology works via cameras transmitting images of people back to a huge criminal records database. If there is a match between individuals and an unsolved crime, police at the scene are informed. Facial recognition has been rolled out in many aspects of everyday life in China, where there are few concerns over privacy. The technology has been deployed Former rising star of Chinese politics admits taking bribes Watch this space The hunt for life on other planets moves a step closer next week with the launch by Nasa of a spacecraft that will look for habitable worlds. The Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) will be the first to use the Moon’s gravity to stay in orbit and will look for the tell-tale dips in the light from stars which suggest a planet is passing in front of them. Scientists hope TESS will discover thousands of nearby exoplanets, including at least 50 roughly the size of the Earth. NASA By Neil Connor A FORMER Chinese political high-flyer who was accused of seeking to “usurp” President Xi Jinping has pleaded guilty to accepting huge bribes. Sun Zhengcai was named by the chairman of China’s securities regulator as a co-conspirator who sought to topple the president last October. Sun served as a party leader in the western city of Chongqing and a member of the Communist Party’s elite 25-member Politburo. He was also seen as a candidate to be elevated to the Politburo Standing Committee, which represents the apex of political power in China. However, he is now the latest senior official to have become ensnared in a wide-ranging corruption clampdown launched by Mr Xi when he assumed power five years ago. Mr Xi’s drive against corruption has been criticised for lacking transparency and is seen by some as a means to sideline opponents. On the first day of his bribery trial yesterday, Sun was accused of taking advantage of his position to seek profits for others and illegally accepting money, according to the Weibo account of the No 1 Intermediate People’s Court in the northern city of Tianjin. Sun and his alleged associates were also charged with accepting money and goods worth 170 million yuan (£19 million) in return for providing help to unspecified organisations and individuals with engineering contracts, business operations and other matters. Sun pleaded guilty and “expressed penitence”, the court said, adding that it would make a ruling at a later date. at airports to speed up boarding, and is also used to withdraw cash from ATM machines, to gain entry to university dormitories and workplaces, and even to buy a KFC. Other bizarre examples of face-scanning equipment being deployed in China include its use in public lavatories, where it is used to clamp down on loo roll theft, and at marathons, where organisers have been able to catch cheats. It has even been used in a university teaching hall, where the lecturer deployed it to monitor how bored his students were. Additional reporting by Christine Wei Berlin to rename streets linked to horrors of Germany’s colonial past By Our Foreign Staff BERLIN is poised to strip the names of streets linked to atrocities committed during its occupation of Namibia and dedicate them to liberation fighters, part of a late reckoning with Germany’s brutal colonial history in Africa. After more than a decade of debate, the three biggest parties in the Berlin Mitte district assembly voted on Wednesday night to recommend new names for streets in the so-called African Quarter in the north-west of the German capi- tal, spokeswoman Melita Ersek said. “The final decision by the district council could take another month or so – the date is likely to be announced at another hearing next Thursday,” Ms Ersek said. “But it is quite common that the parties’ recommendation is adopted.” The motion to drop the names associated with Germany’s bloody 1884-1919 occupation of what was then called German South West Africa marks a long-delayed victory for local activists. The African Quarter in the multi-ethnic, working-class neigh- bourhood of Wedding has streets and squares named for Adolf Lüderitz, the founder of German South West Africa, as well as Gustav Nachtigal, its imperial commissioner, and Carl Peters, the founder of German East Africa in today’s Tanzania. Libyan military chief in coma after stroke By Raf Sanchez MIDDLE EAST CORRESPONDENT KHALIFA HAFTAR, the military leader who controls much of eastern Libya, is reportedly in a coma in a Paris hospital after suffering a stroke. The 74-year-old general collapsed during a visit to Jordan earlier in the WORLD BULLETIN More African athletes run away Five more African athletes went missing from the Commonwealth Games in the Gold Coast yesterday, after eight competitors from Cameroon were suspected of fleeing on Wednesday. The athletes are from Rwanda and Uganda; the organisers are also trying to trace two squash players from Sierra Leone. More than 100 athletes overstayed their visas after the Olympic Games in Sydney in 2000. Saudis agree to buy Spanish warships Spain is due to sign a deal worth about £1.5 billion to sell warships to Saudi Arabia. Under the agreement, Navantia, a state-owned shipbuilder, will sell five small warships, Spain’s army will train Saudi military personnel and contractors will build a naval construction centre in the kingdom. The deal will be signed in Madrid, where Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is on a state visit. Spacey ‘sex assault’ with prosecutors Prosecutors are reviewing an accusation that Kevin Spacey sexually assaulted a man in 1992. The LA County Sheriff ’s Department said that it began investigating the matter on Dec 11 last year. It was unclear if California’s usual statute of limitations on prosecuting criminal sexual assault, 10 years, would apply. week and was flown to France, according to Le Monde. A spokesman for Gen Haftar’s Libyan National Army initially denied the reports but is since said to have declined to comment. Gen Haftar won the backing of Egypt, the UAE and Russia as a stabilising force in Libya who could be relied on to confront Islamist factions in the country’s east. While Western powers formally support Gen Haftar’s rivals in the UN-backed government in Tripoli, Western governments had been increasingly open to dealing with him. Gen Haftar’s death or incapacitation would further scramble the chaotic politics of Libya. ** The Daily Telegraph Friday 13 April 2018 13 World news By Nick Squires in Rome ITALIAN humanitarian organisations have accused French police of falsifying the ages of teenage migrants so they can send them back across the border. Seven charities, including Oxfam Italy and the Catholic organisation Caritas, claim that in recent weeks French officers altered birth dates on documents to make it appear that the migrants were older than 18. The alleged tactic circumvents international rules that say that under-18s must be given protection and allowed to cross borders to reunite with family members. The rule for adults, by contrast, is that they must apply for asylum and remain in the first EU country they reach – which in the vast majority of cases means Italy, Spain or Greece. The falsification of documents allegedly took place near the Italian town of Ventimiglia, on the border between the French and Italian Rivieras, where tens of thousands of migrants and refugees, many of them unaccompanied minors, have tried to cross in recent years. “The French police falsify the documents of minors who try to cross from Italy into France,” said Daniela Zitarosa, from the charity Intersos. “We have the proof – many dates of birth were modified in official documents. Unfortunately this has become routine. French officials take no account of what the minors tell them and write fake birth dates on refusal-of-entry documents, sending them back as if they were adults.” In one alleged case, an Eritrean teenager, whose identity document showed he was born on Oct 1 2001, making him 16, had his papers changed by the police so that his birth date was recorded as Jan 1 2000, making him 18. The charities claimed that the French authorities started falsifying migrants’ papers after January 22, when a court in Nice issued an order confirming that it was against international law to send minors back to Italy. “Since then, the French police have adopted the practice of systematically identifying minors stopped at the frontier as adults,” the organisations said. They have sent letters of protest to the Italian interior and foreign ministers as well as the European Commission. The charities called on the Italian government to “take all the measures necessary so that the French authorities cease the unlawful rejection of unaccompanied minors.” The accusations are likely to antagonise already fraught relations between Rome and Paris over migrants and refugees. So far this year, nearly 7,000 asylum seekers have reached Italy and 5,700 made it to Greece. JANEK SKARZYNSKI French police ‘falsify’ migrants’ age to send them back to Italy Scarred for life Zoltan Matyah, who still bears the number tattooed on his arm by the Nazis, returned to Auschwitz from his home in the US for the March of the Living, which commemorates the six million Jews killed in the Holocaust. Bitter pill for resort’s anti-social seagulls By James Crisp BRUSSELS CORRESPONDENT A SEASIDE resort in Belgium is drugging seagulls with contraceptive pills to stop them being a nuisance. During nesting season, the birds descend on Blankenberge, which is famous for its beach huts, pier and art deco casino, scavenging through bins and being noisy and aggressive. As a result, birth control will be hidden in feed left out for the seagulls as part of a strategy that includes the use of fake eggs to fool maternal birds and drones to detect their nests. The pill will have the double advantage of curbing the seagull population and any aggressive behaviour from the birds. Posters already exhort tourists not to feed chips to seagulls. The move, which could be copied in Britain, may be galling for broody gulls but local politicians believe it is neces- sary to preserve the beauty of the seaside resort, which boasts striking belle époque architecture. “This will be a first in Europe,” said Mayor Ivan De Clerck, after the proposal was backed by councillors. “The idea itself is not new. The technique has already been used in Venice and Barcelona but only on pigeons, never on seagulls. We are going to detect the nests with drones and we cannot wait any longer.” Belgian army ‘will create mummy’s boys’ By James Crisp BELGIUM will create an army of “mummy’s boys” if it presses ahead with plans to let homesick cadets leave barracks and spend the night with their family during training, veterans have claimed. One in six recruits to Belgium’s army, which is in the grip of a recruitment crisis, give up the military because they miss home too much. Commanders are now considering dropping the rule that cadets must live in barracks during training. The situation has been exacerbated by pension reforms, poor job prospects after leaving and the long-running Operation Vigilant Guardian, which has seen soldiers patrolling major cities such as Brussels after the terror attacks in the capital in 2016 and Paris in 2015. Some units in the ageing force pounded the streets for about 200 days out of 365 last year. Supporters of the reforms argue that the army is adapting to the realities of modern life. But Danny Lams, a former paratrooper and a veterans association chairman, told the Het Nieuwsblad newspaper: “You don’t go to a war zone with men who miss their mummies.” Alex Claesen, a spokesman for the ministry of defence, said: “The army wants to include more free evenings where the recruits can leave the barracks.” 14 *** Friday 13 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph Comment Prison is the one place where philosophy is of practical use MELANIE MCDONAGH P risons have often, for obvious reasons, been places for philosophical reflection – Boethius wrote his Consolation of Philosophy while he was in prison (before getting beaten to death in his cell) – but we don’t often hear of it being taught there. Grendon Prison in Buckinghamshire and Full Sutton, a maximum security institution in Yorkshire, have been running philosophy courses for inmates. Both places, according to a prison chaplain who knows them, incarcerate many men of quite high intelligence whose minds are “wasting away”. The Socratic method is reportedly encouraging tolerance and empathy, and could ease problems of violence, overcrowding and re-offending. Dr Kirstine Szifris of Manchester Metropolitan University, who has been leading the 12-week courses, says the behaviour of the tough, category A inmates was initially characterised by “bravado, one-upmanship and competition”. But after they’d discussed Plato, Hume and Kantian morality, they “began to gain a level of respect for each other”. Philosophers don’t often get to brag about their utility; Dr Szifris can. There’s an awful lot to like about the initiative. And indeed, about the choice of philosophers. The ancient Greeks are always good on what makes for human flourishing. And Kant and his Universal Imperative is a great starting point for discussing ethics – imagine, he says, if everyone acted as you did – but I’d say Boethius and his take on the transitory character of fortune would be pretty good, too. The Stoics’ take on the question might have a bleak appeal in a setting defined by the deprivation of personal liberty. Nietzsche would no doubt be tricky, though for pragmatists, John Stuart Mill and his dispiriting doctrine of utilitarianism may be a useful tool for life outside prison. Enabling prisoners in long-term institutions to hold civilised conversations has to be a good thing in itself. Many prison workers find that discussion groups for inmates are useful, in that they listen to each other. If your normal take on disagreement is to fight first, rational conversation is a good way to go. Prisons already have courses on anger management to help offenders think through the consequences of their actions, but philosophy is, I’d say, preferable: it gets to the heart of human impulses. It isn’t exactly functional, like literacy and numeracy courses, but it addresses questions such as how individuals and societies flourish, which are painfully practical in a prison context. Prisoners probably have rather interesting insights into ethics and questions such as the utility of laws. Angie Hobbes, public ambassador for philosophy, doesn’t think that there’s any simple trade off between studying philosophy and better morals. “Philosophy isn’t a quick fix,” she says. “Some philosophers were very bad people.” Jon Scott, a former prison governor, is impressed by the concept of the course, but adds: “It’d be interesting to know how effective it is, and what metrics are used to measure its effectiveness.” You could say the same about philosophy generally, for anyone who studies it. I wonder what the Home Office makes of the programme – the bean counters usually see the costs of rehabilitation programmes without calculating the benefits to society from cuts in re-offending. Let’s hope they take a philosophical view; even a utilitarian one. READ MORE at telegraph.co.uk/opinion To order prints or signed copies of any Telegraph cartoon, go to telegraph.co.uk/prints-cartoons or call 0191 603 0178 firstname.lastname@example.org Assad calculates that Trump’s fire and fury will be confined to Twitter The US president has made verbal assaults but he would rather pull out of Syria than launch a war FRASER NELSON LSON I t has taken almost two years, but a pattern to Donald Trump’s behaviour is finally emerging. He has a powerful ability to shock and to dominate headlines. He’s quite easily provoked and likes to hit out. But his attention span is short and he is easily distracted. So even if he does launch an air strike on Syria, as he promised a few days ago, there is no real prospect of his starting a longer campaign. He can be expected to deplore the barbarity of last week’s chemical weapons attack, fire a few missiles and then walk away. This, anyway, is likely to have been Bashar al-Assad’s calculation last week in the attack on Douma in Eastern Ghouta, which looks to be the latest in his chemical weapons campaign. At the time, the atrocity was greeted with astonishment as well as horror. Trump had only recently decided to withdraw American troops from Syria, so why would Assad do anything to pull the US back in? Why not just keep hostilities to a minimum while America retreats? Any use of chlorine gas would be certain to provoke Trump because he defines himself against Barack Obama. When a chemical bomb killed 1,400 in Damascus four years ago, Obama failed to respond – so Trump’s instant reaction was to promise swift and firm revenge. It is a fairly standard pattern of behaviour: if he feels challenged, he will respond. After punishing a Syrian chemical weapon attack last year, he had no choice but do the same now – with an alliance of the willing, from the French to the Saudis. Assad’s tactics could be seen as lunacy. Until you look at what Trump means by “hitting hard”. George W Bush once put it well: the military is not there to underline a verbal point. No president, he said, should be prepared to “fire a $2 million missile at a $10 empty tent and hit a camel in the butt” – if you act, it needs to be “decisive”. When Assad dropped Sarin gas on the rebel-held town of Khan Sheikhoun last year, Trump dispatched $100 million worth of Tomahawks to the al-Shayrat airfield from which Assad launched the attack. It was costly, but it certainly wasn’t decisive. Those 55 missiles destroyed a few hangers, and about 20 aircraft. But tarmac takes hours to repair and just days later, Syrian warplanes were taking off from the same airbase, to bomb the same rebels. Assad had felt the wrath of the American president, and although it was a setback, it was far from a devastating one. So rather than deter the use of chemical weapons, Trump’s response last year served to encourage them. A new precedent was established: that if poison gas is used, the guilty party (and their backers) can simply deny it. The West will give a strong verbal response, but the military response will be half-hearted. The United Nations estimates that Assad has carried out at least four more chemical weapon attacks since then – each one denied by the Syrians and Russians. Worst of all, such weapons are certainly effective. Assad’s latest target is rebels from Jaish al-Islam – who had held out against encirclement, mortar attacks and aerial bombardment. The Russians had entered talks with them, but to no avail. After last week’s attack, everything changed. The rebels agreed to surrender their positions in return for safe passage to northern Syria. The Kremlin says the retreat is now under way, with up to 8,000 militants and about 40,000 civilians on the move. Syrian state media is boasting that the rebels have released captives in return. So militarily, this is quite the result for Assad. And yes, we can expect another hail of missiles – the “nice and new and ‘smart’” ones Trump promised on Twitter – but Assad will have calculated that this is a price worth paying. Not just to rout the rebels, but to let his surviving enemies know that he’ll be prepared to see their children choke on poison gas. There will be a few more runways destroyed for the benefit of American satellite images. But Assad will still be in business, with the Russians and the Iranians, Vladimir Putin, for his part, will not only continue to have a client on the Mediterranean but will also have used the whole episode to take a stand against America and further erode the idea of the rulesbased international order. Not so long ago, chemical weapons were a red line which, if crossed, were supposed to have devastating FOLLOW Fraser Nelson on Twitter @FraserNelson; READ MORE at telegraph.co.uk/ opinion consequences for the aggressor. But this understanding perished in Syria, along with the thousands killed by the bombs. It has all served to demonstrate how hamstrung the West really is. David Cameron lost a vote in striking Syria five years ago, and Theresa May will probably not dare to hold a vote now. The French will send a few of their missiles behind American ones. But there’s no serious talk about deposing Assad. And Trump, anyway, has very little interest in reshaping the world. He made a campaign promise to crush the Islamic State, and helped American troops do so by relaxing their terms of engagement. But in general, his inclination is to use less military – which is why he was all set to pull out of Syria this time last week. He has more faith in his verbal bombast and has grown fond of pointing to the results. People mocked him for saying he had a “much bigger and more powerful” nuclear button than Kim Jong-un. But, he says, it ended up with Kim agreeing to come to the negotiating table. His threats of a trade war with China were also deplored, but he sees vindication in Xi Jinping’s offer earlier this week to cut tariffs on American cars. So it’s hard to cast Trump as a warmonger who’s itching to start the Third World War. Like Obama, he has failed to enforce what is supposed to be a global ban on chemical weapons. He is more interested in Twitter explosions than ballistic ones, and he may well resume his earlier plan to withdraw American troops from Syria. His fire and fury may last a day, or perhaps a week, then he’ll move on. And Assad will be left to his endgame. Will future AIs be victims of depression? It is only a matter of time until artificial intelligence develops ‘consciousness’ and even feels ‘emotions’ TOM CHIVERS RS D oes intelligence have to be conscious? Does it have to feel emotion? That’s the question a researcher called Zachary Mainen is asking, who has suggested that robots may benefit from antidepressants. Dr Mainen, who worked on AI before moving into the study of the human brain, argues that the root cause of human depression is an inability to update their beliefs about the world in the presence of new information. He thinks that this ability, in human brains, is modulated by the chemical serotonin. If you don’t have enough serotonin in your brain, you can’t change your understanding of things easily enough. The broad sweep of this is relatively familiar to people interested in how the brain works. A widely held model of the human mind is that it is essentially a battle between top-down and bottom-up processes. The top-down processes tell us what we expect the world to look like; the bottom-up processes are information from our senses, telling us what the world actually does look like. When your senses report back roughly what the brain expects, everything is fine. But when the two don’t match, your consciousness is alerted to it. Serotonin, says Mainen, is involved in this “surprise” feeling. When lab mice are placed in new environments, their brain surges with serotonin, so they are more readily surprised and able to learn new things. When this process goes wrong, it causes problems. One theory of autism is that it is caused when your brain is hypersensitive to unexpected things: your attention is constantly drawn to tiny, inconsequential details, and the world seems a blooming, buzzing confusion. Hallucinations may be caused by your brain not paying enough attention to the bottom-up details and making stuff up out of its expectations. Depression, Mainen seems to be saying, is the brain being unable to update its expectations in the light of new information; everything seems unimportant. This matches studies which show that depressed people literally see the world in duller, greyer colours than healthy people. Might AI need something similar? Well, it will definitely need to update its beliefs about the world, since that’s what learning is. And there are times when it will need to do that faster or slower, so it would need, as Mainen says, something analogous to serotonin that changes that. He thinks that future AIs might be susceptible to something like depression if their serotonin-algorithm goes wrong. But whether this will be emotion is a separate question. It may have the same function, in the way that a lens on a camera has the same function as the lens in our eye, and it may be able to go wrong in analogous ways. But it may not feel the same, or feel like anything. Emotions are humans’ reward and punishment system. We think of them as opposed to rational thought, but they are not. It is perfectly rational to feel fear when a lion is trying to eat you, and rational to feel happy when things go your way. A complex, general-purpose AI would almost certainly have to have a reward FOLLOW Tom Chivers on Twitter @TomChivers; READ MORE at telegraph.co.uk/ opinion system that did a similar job, which would let it look at courses of action and choose the one most likely to achieve its goals. And, according to AI researchers I’ve spoken to for the book I’m writing, it may be that an AI like that would have to have something like “consciousness”. But would it feel emotion about things, or would it simply try to increase some number in its database? Google DeepMind, the creators of the Go-playing AI AlphaGo, also made something that learnt to play 49 different Atari games. It had a goal of increasing the score, and an input of the raw numbers that make up the screen data. In a few weeks it was superhuman at all of them. A sufficiently powerful algorithm could, perhaps, be given a goal of increasing a “score” of money in a bank account. It might have subroutines that are analogous to emotions and serotonin. But it might feel nothing on the inside. It is very likely that if humanity survives long enough, we will be replaced or augmented, at some point, by AIs. Those AIs might be supremely intelligent. But if they feel nothing, then the world might become, in the words of the Oxford philosopher Nick Bostrom, “a Disneyland with no children”. *** The Daily Telegraph Friday 13 April 2018 15 Letters to the Editor Human rights versus freedom of expression W e sympathise with Sir Cliff Richard. The police disclosed that he was the subject of an investigation into an allegation of historic sexual abuse and ensured the BBC was on hand to film a raid on his home while he was abroad. South Yorkshire constabulary has previously accepted it was in the wrong and paid the veteran singer substantial damages of about £700,000 in compensation for the “profound and long-lasting” impact on his reputation. Sir Cliff is now taking action against the BBC in the High Court claiming a breach of his privacy; but this raises different questions altogether. While the police acknowledged a breach in their duty to keep investigations confidential until an arrest has been made, the same considerations do not apply to news gathering organisations. The law does not preclude newspapers or broadcasters from disclosing that a police investigation is taking place. Earlier this week, for instance, a television news team accompanied Cressida Dick, the Met commissioner, on a series of raids around London aimed at gun gangs. The action resulted in several arrests. The BBC is arguing that there was a legitimate public interest in reporting the raid, whereas Sir Cliff ’s lawyers maintain it was a breach of privacy under human rights laws. They say the public interest override does not apply because there was complicity between the police and the BBC, and there was nothing to substantiate the allegation made against him. Moreover, the BBC used a helicopter to pry into his home and broadcast the footage for hours. At the time there were suspicions that the police were on a “fishing expedition” – happy for the news to get out in the expectation that other aggrieved parties would come forward. Nonetheless, there are wider issues at stake here that go beyond this particular case. Effectively the High Court is being invited to extend the boundaries of what constitutes privacy by interpreting human rights laws in a way that will further circumscribe the freedom of the press. This may end up in the Supreme Court. Historically, English common law did not recognise a general right of privacy; and while Sir Cliff may have cause for his grievance, the courts should be careful not tip the balance away from countervailing rights upholding freedom of expression. Medals for veterans T o fly with Bomber Command during the Second World War was to run a greater risk than almost any other member of the Armed Forces. The attrition rate for crew was greater than for soldiers on the Western Front 30 years earlier. Yet for years, proper recognition of their heroism and sacrifice was overlooked, principally because the bombs they released over Germany killed so many civilians. But Bomber Command crews were also given the task of attacking Germany’s air bases, troops, shipping and industrial complexes connected to the war effort. Almost half of the 125,000 personnel died and only one third reached the end of the conflict without being killed, injured or taken prisoner. They were all volunteers, from 60 countries, and the average age of those who served was 23. Around the country there are monuments to many who fought in the war; even the animals that were killed are recognised by a memorial unveiled in 2004. It was not until 2012 that the Bomber Command memorial was finally erected next to Green Park in London. In Lincoln yesterday, close to where Bomber Command flew many sorties, the few hundred remaining veterans gathered for the opening of the new £10m International Bomber Command Centre. As well as a memorial garden, this will comprise a digital archive including more than 190,000 documents, photos and letters, described by one of the compilers as “a record of heroic, inspiring and truly incredible stories”. There is one remaining wrong still to be set to rights. The Bomber Command veterans were, shamefully, never awarded a campaign medal. It is time they were. Pick of the primroses O n the day of her Diamond Jubilee, Queen Victoria pressed some lily of the valley between the pages of a book. That book is now in the possession of the Queen. The Queen’s own favourite flower is said to be the primrose, and the primrose is today the subject of controversy. Plantlife, a nature conservation charity, wants children to study flowers and pick the odd primrose or dog violet. Other botanists are aghast at the idea, fearing that hecatombs of endangered plants might be sacrificed to rampaging crowds of seven-year-olds. A middle way can surely be found. A well-kept pressed wildflower book is more likely to instil a love for native flora than barbed wire round every umbel of cow parsley. Daisies must still be made into chains, and the occasional sunlit buttercup be shone on a youngster’s chin. We accept letters by post, fax and email only. Please include name, address, work and home telephone numbers. 111 Buckingham Palace Road, London SW1W 0DT FAX 020 7931 2878 EMAIL dtletters@ telegraph.co.uk FOLLOW Telegraph Letters on Twitter @LettersDesk Future of Syria SIR – Stephen Powis, the medical director of NHS England (Comment, April 11), discusses plans for the effective integration of health and social care. This is an excellent, if longoverdue, policy objective. No patient should languish in hospital awaiting rehabilitation or social care. However, Professor Powis risks reinforcing the idea of “community good, hospital bad”. It is unsurprising that frail older patients admitted with pneumonia, heart failure, stroke, malignancies or late-stage chronic pulmonary disease might lose weight and muscle. Many have renal impairment, diabetes, metabolic disturbances or dementia, and receive complex medications, with the risk of drug interactions and toxicity. Such patients should not be denied rapid access to acute hospital medical assessment facilities, and too much emphasis on “admission avoidance” risks both delaying diagnosis and increasing the length of their stay. Readmission rates need more attention. Between 12 and 15 per cent SIR – As in most conflicts, the desire for peace in Syria is overshadowed by the momentum of war. Donald Trump’s rhetoric does little to calm an increasingly volatile situation. By declaring the inevitability of missile strikes, he has restricted his options. Too often before, red lines have been drawn and violated, with no response. It is all too easy to launch cruise missiles, but this course of action may spiral beyond the short-term gains it offers. What is the end game? A Western military response is justified, but it also risks bringing more fear, instability and destruction to this war-weary country. Lt Col Jeremy Prescott (retd) Southsea, Hampshire of the frail elderly are now being readmitted within 30 days. Timely, safe discharging requires enhanced medical and nursing input after hospital, not readily forthcoming from stretched GP services. An integrated outreach service from departments of medicine for the elderly to support rapid discharge may be a way forward. Dr John Turner Liverpool SIR – Maximising the appropriate use of volunteers is a crucial step in providing integrated care. Well-managed volunteer teams can play a key role in improving patients’ health and wellbeing in hospital, and also in helping patients to return home more quickly. Small, simple, human things can make such a difference to someone dealing with ill-health, especially if they are older. Volunteer support at mealtimes can improve nutrition and hydration, which enhances patients’ recovery and minimises time in hospital. Volunteers also help those with mobility problems to be more active, preventing the muscle deterioration that often leads to patients being stuck in hospital. Volunteers can free up hospital space by improving the discharge processes, ensuring that people leave with the right prescriptions and assistance. This is particularly important for patients without a wider support network. Older patients helped back into their homes by volunteers report increased confidence and happiness, and this helps to reduce readmission rates. While there are currently around 78,000 people volunteering with acute NHS trusts, their role is rarely incorporated into NHS strategies. This is a missed opportunity: we urgently need volunteering to be recognised as a priority. If we can unlock the full potential of volunteers, we can ensure that patients, NHS staff and healthcare providers benefit more quickly. Sir Thomas Hughes-Hallett Founder and Chairman, HelpForce London WC2 SIR – Two ignoble, vainglorious leaders, the world in their hands, testing each other’s nerve amid an Islamic battleground. God help us. Barry Bond Leigh-on-Sea, Essex SIR – Surely we have had enough experience to know that statements from Russia – whether made in the Kremlin, the UN or the London embassy – will seldom, if ever, be true. Malcolm Pettit Chichester, West Sussex A burglary SIR – I would like to thank Philip Johnston for his article (“The streets have become a shrine to the decline in police numbers”, Comment, April 11). My pensioner husband and I were the victims of a burglary in 2016. I woke at 2am, to see torchlight coming down the corridor just outside my bedroom – reflected in my mirror. My husband, aged 79, terminally ill with cancer, was sleeping downstairs. I shouted his name over and over, put on all the lights and rushed downstairs – terrified by what I might encounter. My husband seemed all right, thank God. Protected by his deafness, he appeared unharmed and remained asleep. Shaking uncontrollably, I phoned the police. They stayed on the phone to reassure me – for which I was so grateful – and came quickly. Did they frighten the burglars away? No. While the police searched to see if anyone was still in the house, they were outside, calmly moving some items nearer to their getaway car. What did the police do? They gave me a crime number and a “victim support” number. The detective who visited said cheerily: “If burglars want to get in, they will. We will leaflet your neighbours, to see if anyone heard anything. But we can’t do any more.” A large house nearby had just been turned into a halfway house for 16-year-olds leaving care. Low-level crime – drug needles and attempted break-ins to cars and property – had suddenly increased. Two women PCs came to see me a couple of weeks later, and when I asked whether they were looking at the residents of this house as a possible cause, I was told off. These young people were “vulnerable”. “Excuse me,” I replied, “we pensioners – one terminally ill – are we not also ‘vulnerable’?” There was silence. Obviously not. Burglary is not just about the loss of material possessions. It is about fear of what the burglars will do – that they will come again. Your home – your place of security – is no longer safe. I cannot adequately express my feelings about Amber Rudd, the Home Secretary, and Theresa May, the Prime Minister, who behave more like senior social workers (or Church of England ministers) than Secretaries of State who should understand that they have responsibilities to the citizens of their country beyond airily cutting budgets and letting someone else work out how to deal with the consequences. So thank you again. We need the help of the media, if our political class is so out of touch with the reality of life in Britain today. Linda Hughes Sevenoaks, Kent BBC’s deaf ears ALAMY established 1855 The dangers of trying to keep patients out of hospital at all costs Going paper-free: a water-seller in Marrakesh pours his wares into a metal cup Paper cups are hygienic and can be recycled sir – We are concerned that reports about plans by Waitrose and the NHS to reduce the use of disposable cups (April 10) may confuse the public. Paper cups are fully recyclable and there are hygiene benefits to recyclable paper cups, particularly in hospitals, where sanitation is important. There are currently five specialist plants with more than enough capacity to recycle all of the UK’s paper cups. Consumers are already making use of more than 4,000 cup-recycling points. Rather than deserting a fully renewable and hygienic product, we urge all concerned parties to work to improve public awareness of the recyclability of paper cups. Infrastructure needs to be set up to get paper cups from the consumer to the recycling plant. Mike Turner Paper Cup Alliance Winsford, Cheshire Historic deeds to a property can be valuable SIR – A solicitor told us that the original documents (Letters, April 12) for the 999-year head lease for the land our property stands on had been sold. The owner now lives in Australia and could get more for the historical documents than he could from the ground rent. Not that this prevents the holder of the sublease from collecting the modest ground rent annually. Cathie Cox Littleborough, Lancashire SIR – When I was in practice, our firm, with the consent of the client, arranged for pre-registration deeds to be collected by the Hampshire Record Office, subject to a right of recall. There was a time when it was impossible to register “profits a prendre in gross” – rights to take something from another person’s land – and it was necessary to retain deeds to prove title to such rights. I recall a situation where land together with fishing rights existed on one bank of the river Itchen but only fishing rights on the other bank. It was only possible to register the land and fishing rights on that one side. So it was vital to retain the deeds to prove fishing rights on the other bank. Richard F A Strother Southampton SIR – I have spent my working life dealing with property conveyancing and believe all pre-registration deeds should be retained. They contain valuable historical information, about rights of way, for example. Disputes on these often lead to very expensive litigation in the absence of any other information. It may be worth Paul Berry’s while (Letters, April 10) to ask the solicitors who dealt with his purchase, as they might have retained the deeds in his old file or their storage system. Reginald Hoare Canterbury, Kent SIR – Philip Roe (Letters, April 10) criticises the BBC for not televising the preliminary rounds of Young Musician of the Year. Its treatment of the Leeds International Pianoforte Competition is similar: other than the briefest of snatches, it does not broadcast the preliminary rounds (three in total) at all – even though the judges take the competitors’ performances in those rounds into account. This is different from heats in an athletics competition, for example, where all that is achieved is progression to the next round. To make matters worse, before the result is announced, the BBC asks well-known musicians to make predictions – which, as they will have been present only for the final performances, they get wrong. I have drawn this defect to the attention of the BBC, which claims to have noted my remarks. But nothing has changed. Stanley Eckersley Pudsey, West Yorkshire Captain Speedy’s ward SIR – The wonderful photograph that you printed (Letters, April 10) of young Prince Alamayou of Abyssinia, taken by Julia Margaret Cameron on the Isle of Wight, reflects a complex story. The prince was rescued, supposedly on the battlefield, by his guardian Captain Tristram Speedy (above), who, as it happens, looked like Sir Henry Rawlinson as imagined by Vivian Stanshall. Alamayou became a protégé of Queen Victoria and, while at Osborne House, also spent some time with the Tennyson family. Over at Dimbola Lodge, where Mrs Cameron lived, she photographed him in tribal costume, and with Ethiopian artefacts. The prince died aged 18, and was buried in the grounds of Windsor Castle, otherwise restricted to the Royal family. His story is part of the rich multicultural tapestry of Victorian society. Dr Brian Hinton Freshwater Bay, Isle of Wight Russian money has corrupted our economy Britain, and ‘Londongrad’ in particular, must sever its commercial and financial links with tainted Russia JEREMY WARNER ARNER W hat’s been holding her back? Let’s for the moment leave aside the issue of whether to take military action against the Russian-backed regime in Syria. As seems to be her nature, Theresa May has been prevaricating on sanctions against Russia for the Salisbury attack. There has been plenty of sabre-rattling rhetoric, but the only action taken so far has been the expulsion of 23 diplomats. This is a pathetically inadequate and ineffective response. Contrast this with the action taken by President Trump, who has struck at the heart of Russia’s Kremlinorchestrated kleptocracy by effectively banning key officials, organisations and companies from participation in the dollar economy. You wonder what on earth our own, British Government is playing at. Its lack of similarly targeted sanctions seems almost inexplicable. What the US has done with its so-called “Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons List” is likely to prove ultimately far more effective in undermining Vladimir Putin’s ambitions, even his grip on power, than anything that can credibly be achieved via military means. Trump is punishing Putin where it hurts most, freezing his cronies out of international trade and commerce. In so doing, he further weakens an already recessionwracked economy struggling to maintain a military budget hugely expanded to support the hubris of Putin’s superpower pretensions. As Mikhail Khodorkovsky discovered to his cost, kicking against the regime is a dangerous business in Russia; its leading oligarchs are entirely dependent on Kremlin consent for their wealth, position and even freedom. But these are powerful men and they won’t take kindly to being shut out of Western markets. If even in his own backyard Putin is thought to have overplayed his hand, he may be in some danger. Never mind Mrs May; Trump too, it is fair to say, has not exactly been champing at the bit to toughen up Russian sanctions, possibly for fear of what may come out about Russian involvement in his own electoral victory. Last week’s actions were approved by Congress as long ago as last summer. They’ve been sitting in his in-tray ever since. This in itself may have lulled Putin into thinking he could do what he wants without consequences. Yet whatever the immediate cause of Trump’s change of heart, his actions threaten devastation to elite Russian wealth and impoverishing isolation for the wider Russian economy. It is a measure of the continued power of dollar hegemony that now the US has acted it may not actually be necessary for the UK to impose its own sanctions. By threatening non-US citizens and organisations with penalties if they deal with blacklisted names, the US Treasury reaches out from its own borders to London and beyond. No bank of any significance, wherever it is based, can afford to transact with Oleg Deripaska and other named oligarchs if the price is loss of their dollar clearing licence. Without it, they are out of business. Deripaska’s London assets are therefore already as good as frozen. Existing European Union sanctions, imposed in response to the Russian invasion of Crimea and intervention in eastern Ukraine, are so tame in their ambition and patchy in their application as to be barely worth the paper they are written on. And so to the British excuse – that responsibility for UK sanctions policy is held at EU level, leaving Britain powerless to act unilaterally. With strong commercial and financial links to Russia, large parts of Europe, including Germany, have proved less than enthusiastic in pursuing more effective sanctions. Until Britain’s own Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Bill becomes law this summer, there is no legal framework through which to pursue independent action, and even then, it may carry no authority until the UK is fully free of the EU. That’s the excuse, in any case. But it is not a credible one. We are dealing here with matters of national security; these must surely override the legal niceties of whatever powers have been transferred to Brussels. We cannot allow other sovereigns, in defence of their own commercial interest, to temper our response, as has happened all too frequently in the past when it comes to EU dealings with Russia, corrupted as they have been by member-state reliance on Russian energy, trade and money. It might be said that what is sometimes known as “Londongrad” has its own commercial interest to protect. From property to luxury goods, and from football clubs to divorce and libel lawyers, whole industries of louche providers have grown fat on Russian money. Nor has there been any shortage of former Government ministers and City financiers only too happy to take the Russian shilling, from the former Labour spin doctor Peter Mandelson to the Cameron groupie, Greg Barker. Tainted Russian money has become a malign and corrupting influence on the UK economy. Regardless of the poisonings and Russia’s shameful support for the brutality of Assad’s regime, it’s high time that this cancer was cut from the system. FOLLOW Jeremy Warner on Twitter @jeremywarneruk; READ MORE at telegraph.co.uk/opinion 16 *** Friday 13 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph Puzzles, mind games and Telegraph Toughie Puzzles Test your wits with our famous crosswords puzzles.telegraph.co.uk UZ Z L E S P Enjoy all your favourite puzzles online If you haven’t joined yet, try our free trial now at puzzles.telegraph.co.uk 1. 3. STYLE FEATURES *** The Daily Telegraph Friday 13 April 2018 17 Judith Woods Divorce shouldn’t be a meal ticket for life Page 19 A FEATURE Giddy up! Will a woman win the Grand National? Page 20 Man Friday Cover-ups for April showers Page 18 ARTS Michael Palin ‘Spike would now be considered politically incorrect’ Page 23 JAMES MERRELL FASHION Mix and match: the right rug can add a hit of colour and pattern to a room Time to get a ‘smug rug’? Forget carpet, Britain’s homes need a fresh approach to flooring. Jessica Doyle explains the new spring trend rug is not just for winter. With many modern interiors now boasting wooden, stone or tiled flooring, they have become a year-round necessity. Gone are the days when Britain was carpeted wall-to-wall; you only have to look at the struggle faced by Carpetright – which this week said it was axing about 300 jobs and closing another 81 shops – to see in which direction our heads have been turned. A new rug does many jobs; from adding warmth to anchoring a room, not to mention offering colour and texture. And whether your taste is for a rich pattern or a pared-back Scandi aesthetic, there are numerous spring updates to bring your home’s rug offering up-to-date. If you have been struggling to find the rug you desire, consider using a sourcing service – it might not be as expensive as it sounds. Lisa Mehydene, a self-confessed rug obsessive, and founder of online homeware store Edit 58 (edit58.com), sources rugs using her network of suppliers in Morocco, Turkey, Bulgaria and Sweden, which she flags up on her Instagram feed (@edit.58). Such is her following, that rugs have been known to sell seconds after she has posted pictures of them. Mehydene also offers a free sourcing service – you simply pay the cost of the rug once she’s found one you like. Prices are usually between £600-800, but can come in at £400. A number of slots are available each month, and Mehydene begins by asking the customer some key questions: their budget, the size of rug they want, the room it is destined for, and some images from Instagram or Pinterest to give an idea of taste. For those who are really stumped, she can also offer advice on the size, style and colour of rug that might suit their space. She will then liaise with her suppliers until she has found a good match: often she’ll get it right first time, but if not, she repeats the process until the customer is happy. The rug is sent to her for quality control before being delivered to its new home, and the process generally takes about a month. Her hot tips for spring are Azilal rugs from Morocco – similar to the everpopular Beni Ourain (white with a black diamond criss-cross pattern), but often with bright pops of colour that fit the current more-is-more aesthetic – and Oushak carpets from Turkey, which resemble traditional Persian designs but come in a softer, more contemporary palette that sits well in modern homes. As the summer months approach, Mehydene also recommends inexpensive flatweave Swedish runners and Moroccan Boucherouite flatweaves and kilims, made from mixed textiles: “Lighter flatweaves are great for the summer, when the children are running in and out of the house, as they’re easy to clean and generally less valuable than a wool rug,” she says. “The fact that they don’t have a thick pile helps to lighten a room and they come in wonderful colours; the overall look is stunning. I always recommend them to go under dining tables, as they’re easy to shake out, and in summer you can almost hose them down and leave them to dry. The colours and patterns also make them very forgiving.” She has also noticed that an increasing number of customers are buying rugs for the kitchen or bathroom – again, colourful and washable fabric rugs are the best WEAVING MAGIC TEXTILE TRENDS Pink tiled rug, £125, French Connection (frenchconnection. com) choices here – and more of us are changing our rugs with the seasons. As long as you have the storage space, a thick wool rug that adds comfort and warmth during the winter can be rolled up and stored over the spring and summer, and replaced by thinner flatweaves in fresher colours that can be layered up for added interest. After all, you wouldn’t want your cosiest cashmere in warmer months – and the same goes for home textiles. From floor to wall Omega Workshop rug, £695, Christopher Farr (conranshop.co.uk) One growing trend, says Mehydene, is for statement rugs that hang on the wall – Moroccan Boucherouites, with their mix of vintage textiles and prints, make good hangings. Elsewhere, brands such as Deirdre Dyson (deirdredyson.com) are tapping into this with rugs that resemble abstract art, while Christopher Farr (christopherfarr. com) and the Rug Company (therugcompany.com) collaborate with artists and fashion designers on cool and complex designs. Build your own Variations, £975, Christopher Farr (conranshop.co.uk) Garden Layers indoor/outdoor, £799, Gandia Blasco (heals.com) Face, £350, Habitat (habitat.co.uk) If you know what you want but are having trouble finding it, try an online rug-building service. Crucial Trading (crucial-trading.com), which specialises in seagrass, sisal, jute and wool rugs, offers a “rug builder” service that allows you to specify the size, material and weave of your rug, and add a border in a choice of materials and colours. Similarly, Alternative Flooring’s “make me a rug” tool (alternativeflooring.com) offers its range of patterns, including designs by Ben Pentreath and Margo Selby, in bespoke sizes and a choice of colours and border styles. Inside out For the ultimate in seasonal flooring, several companies are producing indoor/outdoor rugs that can be left in the garden – a quick and easy way to spruce up a tired deck or lawn. The best, such as those by Gandia Blasco, available through Heal’s (heals.com), are made from artificial fibres processed to resemble soft wool, yet are weather-resistant and quick-drying. Weaver Green (weavergreen.com) repurposes old plastic bottles to make surprisingly soft and decorative outdoor rugs that are strong and washable, while on the budget end of the scale, Ikea’s new Sommar collection (ikea.com) comes in geometric patterns and bold colours, and starts from £10. TIP S FOR CHOOSING A RUG FROM LISA MEHYDENE Go large Avoid having a sad little rug floating in the middle of the room. Don’t be intimidated by scale: a rug should create impact and interest, and a rug that is lost in a room won’t achieve either. Layer up Layering rugs or having multiple rugs in one room is a great way to approach covering the floor, and lets the eye travel. You can layer or position the rugs in different directions and accommodate odd room shapes, too. Spend v save Opt for affordable (and cleanable) rugs in high-traffic areas and rooms where food will be consumed, and invest in a more expensive wool rug for the sitting room or master bedroom. On-trend colours The beauty of rugs is that they don’t need to match your room’s colour scheme; in fact, it’s preferable that they don’t, so you can use a rug to inject a hit of colour and pattern. There has been an upsurge in requests for clashing red, pink and orange, as well as navy, which works well with other colours. 18 *** Friday 13 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph S FEATURES GETTY IMAGES; NETFLIX Famous five: from left, Van Ness, Tan France, Antoni Porowski, Bobby Berk and Karamo Brown. Right, working their magic ‘Queer Eye is full of hope - that’s rare’ It’s the makeover show that’s become a phenomenon. Elizabeth Day meets its breakout star Jonathan Van Ness to find out more J onathan Van Ness never expected to be an icon. One day, he was quietly minding his own business, styling hair in salons in Los Angeles and New York; the next he could barely walk down the street without being mobbed by fans wanting selfies and quoting his catchphrases back at him. The reason for this transformation in fortune is Queer Eye, a Netflix show in which five gay lifestyle experts travel to America’s pro-Trump Deep South to make over the lives of men stuck in various ruts. It has crossed over from a cult binge-watch to become the unexpected hit of 2018, on both sides of the Atlantic. The success of the series, a reboot of the early Noughties’ Queer Eye for the Straight Guy, has prompted earnest opinion pieces in the New Statesman and much discussion on the BBC about its impact. It has racked up a 100 per cent rating on Rotten Tomatoes and attracted a slew of high-profile fans, including comedian Sarah Millican and Drew Barrymore. Why? Well, it’s far more than just a makeover show. Sure, the “Fab Five” each have their areas of expertise, advising on everything from how to wear pastels to making a mean guacamole. Van Ness, a 31-year-old hairstylist from Quincy, Illinois, is the grooming expert and will often be found extolling the benefits of beard moisturiser to overweight middleaged men with psoriasis who barely bother to shower in the mornings. But the men in need of makeovers are also, as Van Ness puts it, “struggs to func” (short for “struggling to function”) – in need of all kinds of help, but lacking the emotional wherewithal to ask for it. Neal, an app developer, had been depressed for years; Remy was struggling to cope with the death of his father; Tom had given up on love and life after a third divorce. By setting them on the path of self-acceptance, inside and out, Queer Eye has tapped into deeper questions about modern masculinity and often left viewers, male and female, in tears. Van Ness proselytises the notion of body positivity – which he says is not about making everyone look the same, but making them feel the best they can about who they truly are. “Men totally struggle with taking care of how they look,” he tells me over the phone from Los Angeles. “They think it’s unnecessary or feminine or ‘extra’ and it isn’t.” On screen, he is a fizzing bundle of joy: snapping his fingers, flipping his hair, seeking the good in everyone – and addressing them as “Queen”. He is the only person I’ve interviewed who introduces himself by bellowing “I love you!” down the line. He believes a lot of the show’s appeal comes down to the fact that it’s feel-good television showing people being nice to each other. In that respect, it’s a bit like The Great British Bake Off, but with more call for floralprint silk bomber jackets. “I think it’s very seldom we ever talk about anything in the political or the lifestyle spectrum that leaves us with a taste in the mouth that is hopeful,” Van Ness says. “Queer Eye does that.” He’s always itching to get his hands on people’s grooming regimes, so what would he do with, say, our Prime Minister, Theresa May? “I wouldn’t mind taking some of that volume out of her hair. I’d shine it up, knock it down and make it a little sleeker, honey!” He’s been reading about Brexit for a weekly podcast he hosts (Getting Curious with Jonathan Van Ness), and says he’s obsessed with British politics: “You know, the thing that’s amazing about [May] is that everyone was saying she was a dead woman walking and she’s still kind of doing it! She’s still there! That’s kind of cute.” Van Ness reserves his real enthusiasm for Nicola Sturgeon, however: “She’s fierce. Love her. I love that after Brexit, she was like ‘Um, we voted Remain’ and she had this face, like, ‘This is me not caring. See this face I’m making? I’m not caring. I’m running Scotland over here.’” He whoops: “I’m, like, ‘Work, honey!’” One of the most talked-about scenes in the series was when the Fab Five made over a cop, leading to a heartfelt discussion about race and policing in America between Karamo, the African-American culture expert, and Corey, the white policeman. From a position of mutual mistrust, the two listened to each other and respectfully reconciled their differing viewpoints. “It was a long-ass 30-minute conversation,” Van Ness says. “We didn’t know how it would come across but they did such a beautiful job.” The relationships don’t stop when filming ends. Van Ness keeps in touch with a couple of the men he helped – including Neal and Remy. “I didn’t realise just how much Neal had struggled with depression. I really feel the seeds planted that week have changed his overall trajectory.” Pause. “He definitely looks cuter! But inside, too, he is more aware of his light and his worth.” Van Ness could relate to the issues faced by many of the men, thanks to his own upbringing. Growing up in America’s mid-West, the youngest of four, he was one of the few openly gay students at his local high school and became its first male cheerleader. He was “mercilessly bullied” and so desperate to leave that he had a chart on his wall where he crossed off every day until graduation. “I did not have a pleasurable first 17 years,” he says. “I was gay and wore purple tights, purple sweatshirts and Doc Marten boots. I could not have ‘not fitted in’ more if I’d tried.” Van Ness moved to California in 2009 and found a job in a salon, earning a roster of celebrity clients including the comedian Margaret Cho. When Netflix announced the reboot of Queer Eye, he was one of thousands to apply. “It was like cheer[leader] tryouts from hell,” he says. “You never knew when you were going to get cut. Three brutal days, honey.” Van Ness met the other team members for the first time while filming and they are now best friends in real life: “Antoni [food expert] knows that when I’m in New York on Wednesdays, we check with each other before we make plans because that’s our palling around day. If anyone touched Bobby’s hair with a highlighter comb that wasn’t mine…” he lets the thought drift, appalled. “I bought a bunch of stuff from Zara the other day and messaged Tan [clothing expert, and the only Brit] like, 1,500 times… I’m definitely the baby of the group, both in terms of years and emotional maturity. They know all my secrets.” Happily for its growing legion of fans, Queer Eye will return for a second series. What can we expect? “You can look forward to a more diverse crew of heroes.” Hang on, does that mean they might be making over women? “Like I said,” and Van Ness repeats himself with great deliberation, enunciating each word. I can hear his smile all the way across the Atlantic. Theresa May better watch out. Queen Eye is a Netflix Original series and is available now M A N F R I D AY SPRING C OV E R-U P S Duster coats and workwear; outerwear got the shift in seasons, says Stephen Doig W hile the world preoccupies itself with chatter over cover-ups with greater implications, permit us to keep this section currentaffairs-free and blissfully devoid of the latest circus at the not-so-whiter-thanWhite House. So in the hopeful supposition that you will, in fact, require a spring wardrobe in the coming weeks instead of a hazmat suit to stave off the nuclear Armageddon, it’s time to think about your jacket now that a shift in seasons is tentatively upon us. It’s been a winter of discontent (in so many ways), and one that’s dragged on endlessly. Which has resulted in cumbersome coats and swaddling jackets even as ke the cherry blossoms make a timid appearance. Suede may be a tricky number for April showers, but it’s a winnerr il for spring – just wait until the sky is a merry shade of blue. It’s supple and lightweight, but sturdy and substantial for transient weather and brings with it a richness and depth. It carries connotations of Davy Crockett-rustic Americana, but in varieties like the Harrington jacket or the d bomber it looks sleek and dynamic, plus it’s highly strokeable. The notion of utility Berluti’s spring jackets on the catwalk workwear might seem best confined to the penny farthing-going hipsters of east London and Brooklyn, a breezy cotton jacket – one that might labour under the banner of “workwear” (that is clothes that were initially worn for blue collar work) – is an easy slip-on-and-go item for spring; the pared-back simplicity of it and lack of extraneous detail (bar patch pockets) make it a fluid, transitional item. Which brings us neatly to a hybrid that’s been in the sartorial works for a while now; the “shacket”. That is, a halfway house between a shirt and a jacket, a garment that’s of a heavier bulk than a shirt but not as weighty as a jacket. It’s a category that’s grown to such a degree that e-tailer Mr P has an entire category devoted to the “shirt jacket”. And while a Duster coat, £190, cosstores.com Utility jacket, £199, albamclothing.com Our Legacy suede jacket, £623, farfetch.com Suede jacket, £739, oliverspencer.co.uk Seersucker jacket, £49.99, S zara.com Altea shirt jacket, £315, mrporter.com ttrench coat should always have a place in your h wardrobe – it’s a classic w llinchpin alongside sharp jjeans and a pristine white sshirt – it’s also worth iinvestigating the duster coat as a spring investment. c It might sound a tad iindustrial, but the duster coat evolved as a c llightweight, sweeping item ffor 19th century pioneers to don as they rode horseback d across the great plains to protect their clothes. And that unstructured silhouette and fluidity has followed suit in today’s interpretations, with rounded shoulders and raglan sleeves that are easily yanked. They also afford a pleasing degree of “swishing” as you make your way amongst the daffodils, but that might just be me. *** The Daily Telegraph Friday 13 April 2018 udith Woods Email Judith. Woods @telegraph.co.uk Twitter @judithwoods Divorce shouldn’t mean a megabucks meal ticket for life ivorce: from the Latin word meaning, “to rip out a man’s genitals D through his wallet.” That was how the late, great Robin Williams described the aftermath of two failed marriages when I met him back in 2011. He’d just got hitched for the third time, which he conceded with a grin was “like bringing a burns victim to a firework display”. There’s something about divorce that both fascinates and repels us, and very definitely brings out our prurient side. Forthcoming BBC legal drama The Split focuses on a family firm of divorce lawyers and stars Nicola Walker and Stephen Mangan, a couple of lawyers who find themselves at the centre of a marital crisis; it promises to be utterly gripping. Divorce is one of those awful life events that cries out for a wisecrack; the more ascetic (borderline bitter) the better. It may easily be as stressful and traumatic as bereavement or redundancy and, when children are involved, heartbreaking, but there’s still a tendency for black humour. Just this week Australian actor Russell Crowe got up on stage and joked around with bidders at his bizarre auction, the Art of Divorce, which saw him raise $3.7 million from flogging off his memorabilia and personal effects ostensibly to bankroll his split from Danielle Spencer, mother of his two sons. This extraordinary occasion saw him sell everything from a leather jockstrap to a broken Rolex as well as a top-class collection of Australian art, yet somehow it seemed more dignified than John Cleese’s infamous 2011 “Alimony” tour. Cleese needed to pay for his split from his third wife, Alyce Faye Eichelberger, caustically observing that he last time he paid for sex it had cost him $20 million. Whether we admit to it or not, when high-profile, or high-net-worth couples split and end up arguing over cash in court, it’s impossible not to gawp in wonder and disbelief from the sidelines, especially when the sums involved are nothing short of dizzying. Take Ocado boss Tim Steiner, who left his wife of 14 years and four children in 2016. He then went on to live with a 29-year-old Polish lingerie model (yes, it reads like an utterly lame cliché) and used £68 million of shares as collateral to cover his divorce. That’s the thing about divorce, the emotional side tends to get eclipsed by the show-stopping budget. Here in Britain, there’s no shortage of big bucks. London is deemed the divorce capital of the world – for wives, at any rate. English judges have a reputation for regarding marriage as a 50/50 partnership and see homemaking on a par with breadwinning, which means wealth acquired during the marriage is fairly Legal wrangling: Annabel Scholey and Nicola Walker in new BBC drama The Split split. We might take that for granted, but for those who come from more paternalistic (for which read macho and/or misogynist) cultures, this idea of equality is unthinkable, which is why shrewd wives read the lay of the land and instruct expensive lawyers (ironically paid for by their husbands) to file for divorce in London. Back in 2012 it was found that a sixth of divorce cases heard by English courts involved foreign nationals. Of the cases where huge sums were involved, half were international couples. As to who is entitled to a divorce in England, it’s a complex issue based on residence and domicile, but it’s no exaggeration to say that wealthy men will do anything they can to avoid their case being heard here. Last month Russian oligarch Farkhad Akhmedov, embroiled in Britain’s biggest divorce battle, was accused of trying to hide his £350 million superyacht (complete with nine decks, a pair of helipads and, in a nod to cosy domesticity, an anti-missile system) from his ex-wife, Tatiana. She was awarded a £453 million settlement in 2016 but claims that so far she has received nothing. He says as they are both Russian he does not recognise the authority of the British court. Frankly it’s hard to disagree with him but these affairs (pun intended) are all so byzantine it’s impossible for anyone other than a £600-an-hour divorce lawyer to understand. But change is in the air, after a divorcee was awarded £9.76 million and £175,000 annual maintenance payments for the rest of her life – yet returned to court to ask for more from her ex-husband William Waggott, the finance director of TUI travel. What Kim Waggott actually got was a very big shock. The Appeal Court judge told her in no uncertain terms that she was not entitled to a meal ticket for life and then ruled her maintenance payments should stop after three years. He also suggested that the former finance controller of UCI cinemas go get a job if she wanted more money. Yet last year there was a pronouncement by a Supreme Court judge that it was unrealistic for older wives to be left to “fend for themselves” if they have devoted years to rearing a family. This came just weeks after surveyor Graham Mills was ordered to increase monthly maintenance payments to his ex-wife Maria, after she mismanaged her £230,000 divorce settlement on poor financial investments. To widespread astonishment, her maintenance was raised from £1,100 to £1,441 a month. Fair or utter madness? Even the legal community is confused. I’m thinking madness because life isn’t fair (even if the original settlement was). Lawyer and cross-bench peer Baroness Deech has criticised this “old-fashioned, over-chivalrous” approach of the country’s senior divorce judges and has called for a three-year cap for most maintenance payments, which is already in place in Scottish law. Something certainly needs to be done about the erratic nature of a judiciary that sends out mixed signals, not just to the super-rich but ordinary families. Is three years too little? A lifetime definitely sounds too long. As the wrangling continues, we’re all agog. To paraphrase the old truism: nobody really knows what goes on inside any marriage, but we clamour for a ringside seat at the divorce. Stop children picking wild flowers? I only wish they would start W here do you stand on picking wild flowers? Oh no! Not there! Oh well, that’s the UK’s endangered lady orchid population gone for a burton. The trouble with allowing townies into the countryside is that their urban urchins will insist on running riot and picking the wild flowers. That’s always been the received wisdom at any rate. But now conservation charity Plantlife says that it’s fine for children to pick abundant blooms of 12 varieties, such as buttercups and oxeye daisies, so they will become curious about the wealth of other plants that inhabit our fields and hedgerows. The chap from the National Beekeeping Centre for Wales was a lot more hardline; and understandably so, given that 97 per cent of our meadowland has been lost in his lifetime. Picking primroses is a gateway to digging them up and taking them home to our gardens, he insisted. Dandelions were so important to honeybees that we must only look and never touch. It’s a tough dilemma, but on balance I’m with Plantlife on this one; my love of nature was sparked by exploring it hands-on as a child and the more I learned, the greater my respect. I can still tell my wild cranesbill from my herb robert and our ancient copy of The Observer’s Book of Wildflowers remains required loo reading. John Humphrys incidentally wondered aloud on air why dandelions were associated with wetting the bed. The French word for them is pissenlit on account of their diuretic effects; extracts and tea can be bought in health food shops. But back to our woodlands and clifftops; much as I understand why custodians of the land want to protect wild flowers from the attentions of marauding children, I fear they are more than a little out of touch. These days, vanishingly few kids have any interest in seeing wild flowers, much less picking them – and to my mind that is a far greater tragedy than joyfully plucking the odd handful of cow parsley or a fistful of dog violets. Up with the larks? You’ll live longer than the night owls ‘T CREDIT Online telegraph.co.uk/ opinion Please, Mariah, don’t ever stop being a diva! The show must go on: Mariah Carey, above, recently revealed her struggle with bipolar disorder I s it just me feeling a bit irrationally disappointed to discover that Mariah Carey’s gloriously demanding behaviour could be due to bipolar disorder? While I extend all sympathy to the 48-year-old singer, who is now receiving effective medication, it would be such a pity if she suddenly dropped her extravagantly unreasonable dressing room riders – a basket of 20 white kittens and 200 hundred snowy doves! A dedicated chewing gum attendant! Vitamin water to wash her dogs! Mariah the myth maker must never be reduced to mundane requests for a bowl of red M&Ms and a four-pack of Fanta Zero. In fact, I suggest she ups the ante and demands cream-coloured ponies and crisp apple strudel, doorbells and sleigh bells and schnitzel with noodles. Our favourite diva must surely triumph over any diagnosis; on stage and offstage, please let the glitzy, ritzy show go on. here is a romance,” wrote Robert Louis Stevenson, “about all those who are abroad in the black hours.” By romance, I assume he meant of the dashing highwayman or smuggler ilk rather than the hanky-panky variety, because I don’t know a single couple who go to bed at the same time. For my part, I am an insufferable lark married to an inveterate night owl. We don’t so much roost side by side as swap places entirely. I think of it as hot nesting; like hot desking but without the previous incumbent’s coffee stains. I’ve often thought we could downsize to a single bed – perhaps with a mirror and a bell at the end – without too much upheaval. But given that new research from the University of Surrey and Northwestern University in the US has revealed owls pop off their proverbial perches sooner, I’d prefer to make the most of any precious pre-dawn moments we do spend together. Apparently people who prefer to stay up late bingeing on box sets have a 10 per cent higher risk of early death due to daytime exhaustion and the pressure of adapting to their external environment. Owls also have increased likelihood of depression, diabetes and neurological disorders. This is clearly no time to crow that “early to bed, early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise”, not least because other studies have shown owls to be more creative and intelligent whereas we sensible larks make reliable civil servants and accountants. I could also point out that in nature most owls are crepuscular not nocturnal, but that’s just not the sort of smartass thing even an unreliable accountant would say. The good news is that with patience and application owls can alter the circadian rhythm that governs sleep. But how would I feel about my spouse joining me in the mornings? At present I can preen, flutter and chirrup away to my heart’s content; I am the Lark Ascending and one per household is more than enough. 19 20 *** Friday 13 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph FEATURES Can one of these women win the National? Dark horses: Rachael Blackmore, left, is 40/1; Bryony Frost, below left, is 33/1; and Katie Walsh is 16/1 to finish first in the world-famous race The three female jockeys in tomorrow’s race could ride into history, says Rosa Silverman W hen the 40 runners and riders gather at the starting line at Aintree on Saturday, it will be a Grand National like no other seen in the past 30 years. For the first time since 1988, three female jockeys will be in their number. And for the first time ever, all three will be on good horses. The excitement is mounting well beyond the racecourse: could either Katie Walsh, Rachael Blackmore or Bryony Frost become the first female jockey to take home the £561,300 prize for first place? It is, without doubt, the best chance there has been of this outcome since Charlotte Brew became the first female rider to take part in the National in 1977 – and betting activity around Walsh, in particular, has been intense. Ladbrokes has reported a “rush of money” on her becoming the first ever female jockey to triumph in the world’s best known steeplechase. Walsh, 33, is the woman who has come closest to winning, taking third place on Seabass in 2012. But to 28-year-old Blackmore, at least, the significance of being a female rider is not foremost in her mind. “Being female or male doesn’t really enter into it,” she tells me. “I would just like to win the race. I’m really looking forward to it and delighted to get the opportunity.” Nevertheless, if the National is won by a female jockey, the impact will be enormous. “The house will come down if one of them wins. I don’t think there’ll be a dry eye on the racecourse,” predicts Naomi Lawson of Great British Racing, the official marketing and promotional body. Having three women competing this year is, she argues, “brilliant for the sport”, which is one of the few where men and women can compete on an equal platform. “There have always been talented female riders and it’s great there are three in this year’s Grand National because there’s no doubt this is the biggest race in the world,” she says. “These three are brilliant role models. They’re talented and successful.” Indeed, Walsh, from Kildare in Ireland, whose mount Baie Des Iles is trained by Ross O’Sullivan, her husband, won the Kerry National in 2014 and the Irish Grand National in 2015. But then, racing is in her blood: she is the youngest daughter of Ted Walsh, the well-known former champion amateur and trainer, while Ruby, her elder brother, has won the Grand National twice. Blackmore, from County Tipperary, who will ride Alpha Des Obeaux this Saturday, won 35 races last season as one of only three female professional jockeys in Ireland. Meanwhile Frost, 22, who will ride Milansbar, only turned professional last July but clinched her first win at the Cheltenham Festival in March. Yet, the three jockeys remain part of a minority in their sport. More than four decades after the passing of the Sex Discrimination Act in 1977, analysis of a 14 year racing period – incorporating more than a million individual rides – has found that just 5.2 per cent were taken by women. In Class 1 races – including the National – just 1.1 per cent of rides went to female jockeys, while only 11.3 per cent of professional jockey licences are held by women. They are, however, just as good. The study, carried out by Vanessa Cashmore, a work-based learning manager at the Northern Racing College, compared the performance of male and female jockeys in Britain, and found that although female jockeys have far fewer race-riding opportunities, their performance is equal to that of the men. So why are we not seeing more female big winners? “Although professional horse racing dates back to the early 18th century, women were not able to apply for a jockey licence until the 1970s,” Cashmore says. “Initially female jockeys were confined to a limited series of ‘ladies’ races and were only permitted to ride as amateurs, but by the late 1970s the Jockey Club [horse racing’s governing body at the time] conceded to gender equality legislation and allowed women to pursue careers as professional jockeys.” But, she explains, the lack of parity may be thanks to a vicious cycle. “Since we know from the study that females are given rides on horses with a lower chance of winning, their observed performance figures will be lower than that of their male counterparts. “Habitually riding the ‘long shots’ may reinforce the opinion that female jockeys are less effective… Consequently, women may receive fewer rides on the best horses within a race and will therefore be unable to demonstrate their ability to be competitive. And so the cycle continues,” she says. When Walsh, Blackmore and Frost compete tomorrow, it is hoped by many fans and punters that this feedback loop might finally be broken. Ladbrokes is offering odds of 10/1 on a female National winner this year, with the odds on first place for Walsh’s mount slashed from 33/1 to 16/1 this week. At the time of writing, the bookmaker had Frost at 33/1 to win, while Blackmore was 40/1. Nicola McGeady of Ladbrokes says that women across the country will be betting on the female jockeys. “Katie Walsh and Baie Des Iles are the ultimate girl power pairing,” she says. “Walsh came so close to winning the Grand National back in 2012, but this year there is a real belief that she can go all the way and make history.” There is, of course, an element of luck in the National, which any rider would be quick to acknowledge. But as the most high profile event in the sport, the symbolism of a female victory cannot be underestimated and would arguably help speed up a process that has already begun. “Recent high profile wins among female jockeys demonstrate real progress and will undoubtedly help drive the growing enthusiasm for supporting female riders,” says Cashmore. “This progress on the track, combined with research evidence, has the potential to drive positive changes to perception around the performance of female riders. “Once the opportunities are available, female jockeys will be able to showcase their talent and prove themselves. Nick Rust, head of the British Horseracing Authority, has been quoted as predicting a female champion jockey within the next five years and I don’t think that this is unrealistic.” Blackmore, meanwhile, appears to be keeping a level head. “I’ll try to approach it like I would any other race,” she said earlier this week. “I’m not superstitious, so I won’t be worrying about whether I’m wearing my lucky socks. You have to trust to your instincts.” The Daily Telegraph Friday 13 April 2018 *** 21 22 *** Friday 13 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph *** The Daily Telegraph Friday 13 April 2018 23 Arts The Goon Show: Harry Secombe, Michael Bentine, Spike Milligan and Peter Sellers Coventry. (“Peter [Sellers] and Harry [Secombe] were banging on the door shouting ‘let us in’” – Milligan was standing on a chair with a rope pulled tight around his neck – “It was only in a sense of fun.”) “When I met him, I was slightly trepidatious, because I had heard about his moods,” says Palin. “He could be a bit prickly but he could also be terrifically friendly, considerate and encouraging. We both felt that the BBC didn’t quite get our shows. He could be very, very funny, but much of the time he was very worried about why he had this talent, and how he could use it best, and was it running out?” Manic depression is one of the things the public associate with Milligan – who made his name in the Fifties radio comedy The Goon Show with Sellers and Secombe and went on to star in TV comedies as well as write plays, novels, children’s poems and hilarious memoirs of his time in the war – as well as his zany persona. But Jane Milligan says there were other sides to her father’s personality. “A lot of people don’t get it that he was a very disciplined man, that’s the only way he got it all done,” she says. “We lived in a beautiful house in north London. When you opened the front door, you would not think this ‘eccentric genius’ lived there. It was a stunning, organised, Victorian home, Ahead of a new radio show, Michael Palin and Spike Milligan’s daughter Jane share their memories of the iconic comedian with Chris Harvey S ixteen years after Spike Milligan’s death, Michael Palin still misses him. “I think Spike’s way of looking at the world is still the way I look at it,” says the former Python. “Sometimes I long for someone to press the ‘absurd’ button. [His comedy] gave us a glimpse that there was a world beyond this world – he saw beyond restrictions and formalities and controls, he looked around the side and said, ‘These are just silly people with funny hats on and strange voices telling us these things.’ That’s what was so liberating about it.” Palin’s recollections of his sometime collaborator coincide with Milligan’s 100th birthday, which would have been this coming Monday, an anniversary Palin is marking with a two-part Radio 4 show about the comedian. Spike Milligan: Inside Out includes touching stories from both Palin and Milligan’s daughter Jane, as well as clips from previously unheard interviews with his biographer Pauline Scudamore, recorded between 1980 and 1985. They include Milligan’s own account of how he was wounded by a shell during the Second World War (“there was this ‘bang’, like a red noise”) and the story of his supposed suicide attempt after an encounter with an unresponsive audience in GETTY IMAGES; BBC; MIRRORPIX ‘Spike feared his talent might run out’ not the crazy loony bin you might have imagined, not in the slightest, the opposite.” Jane remembers him as a magical father, who would create bedtime stories for her and draw pictures to accompany them on a blackboard. He was also a committed environmental and animal rights activist. When he was depressed, she says, he preferred his children’s company to that of anyone else. “I knew he would be having a bad time about the world sometimes. He only really liked seeing the kids when he was down, he wasn’t that into adults, so I delivered a lot of tea to his room. There was always a smile.” Milligan had divorced from his first wife, musical theatre actress June Marlow, in 1960 after eight years of marriage. Unusually for the time, Milligan won custody of their three children. In a remarkable 1975 interview with David Dimbleby on a bizarre series called Face Your Image, in which celebrities were confronted with negative comments made about them by friends and colleagues, Milligan was asked to respond to Peter Sellers’ claim that after his marriage break-up he had come to hate women. “No, I don’t hate women,” protested Milligan. “My first wife was a very fine woman and I was in the middle of a terrible nervous breakdown … I must have been abominable, and she couldn’t stand it, that’s all.” He married his second wife, Patricia “Paddy” Ridgeway, in 1962. She was 26; Milligan was 44, but she took on the role of mother to his children. The couple had Jane four years later. Milligan was a popular figure. He was friends with the Beatles; George Martin was his best man at his wedding to Paddy; Jane remembers Dusty Springfield and James Mason visiting her father, among others. “I remember James Coburn coming to the house and playing my flute – he was going out with [singer] Lynsey de Paul at the time.” Indie darlings come out fighting they were by the next track, as a familiar kick drum signalled the start of Rebellion (Lies), their surging anthem from the 2004 debut Funeral. As frontman Win Butler querulously cried out “Lies! Lies!”, against swelling strings, his multiinstrumentalist brother William, thrashing furiously at a drum, threw himself repeatedly against the ropes. Indeed, to watch Arcade Fire is to be reminded why they are still such a formidable force. At Wembley, their dynamism, and their ability to find a perfect balance between earnestness and carnivalesque frivolity, appeared not to have been dimmed one iota. Hits such as Neighbourhood #1 (Tunnels), Intervention and My Body is a Cage were all given their dues. There was room, too, for Chrissie Pop Arcade Fire Wembley Arena ★★★★★ By Patrick Smith GETTY IMAGES F or more than a decade Arcade Fire seemed invincible, their stadium-sweeping blend of heart, grandeur and arch principles making them the ultimate indie-rock success story. There were number one albums, Grammy Awards and sell-out arena tours across the world. But then last year came the first significant backlash of the band’s career: their frothy fifth studio album, Everything Now, received muted reviews, while the ad campaign that accompanied it, with its elaborate eye-rolling at capitalism and corporations, was widely derided. It clearly smarted – and in the face of such opprobrium, the Montreal eight-piece came out fighting on Wednesday night at Wembley Arena. Quite literally, in fact. Performing in a mock-up boxing ring in the middle of the crowd, they were introduced by a compère in the manner of a prizefighter. “Ladies and gentlemen,” he boomed, “it’s now time for the main event.” With no shortage of bombast, they opened defiantly with the album’s title track – a song about information overload that disarms you with its Abba-like piano hooks and catchy African flute solo. If the audience – not a packed one, it must be said – weren’t rapturous by that point, Hynde, who, looking slightly bamboozled by the miscellany of instruments surrounding her, entered the ring to duet with Butler on her Pretenders number Don’t Get Me Wrong. On a couple of occasions, Régine Chassagne, Butler’s wife, took lead vocal, her crystalline falsetto flowing over drums and synths on the dreamy Electric Blue and later driving forward the disco banger Sprawl II (Mountains Beyond Mountains). As ever, though, the set’s pinnacle came via Wake Up, the thunderous hymn to life for which they were joined by Hynde and support act Preservation Hall Jazz Band. Arcade Fire may no longer be undefeated, but they’re certainly the undisputed heavyweight champions of the world. Ringside seats: Arcade Fire at Wembley Arena She also recalls the evening, when she was 13, that Prince Charles came to dinner. “They were good pals,” she says. They sat reading each other work by the “worst poet of all time” William McGonagall – a hero of Milligan’s. “The two of them found him hysterically funny and just read to each other by the fire in the drawing room. He stayed into the early hours of Funny old life: Spike Milligan, above; and, right, in character for his sketch show Q. Below, with his second wife Paddy holding their daughter Jane at her christening in London in 1966 the morning until they couldn’t talk any more, because they were laughing too much.” Jane’s childhood, however, was blighted by tragedy. Paddy died from breast cancer in 1978. Jane recalls the night before her death. “It was a terrible trauma to be summoned to the room to be told the worst news in the world. I was 11. He tried to tell me that she wasn’t going to be there in the morning, and he couldn’t actually do it, so my nan did it. I’d never seen him cry. All four of us were there and my darling nan (the family nanny Jean Reed).” In his grief, Jane says, Milligan threw himself into writing, painting and composing on the piano, swimming and playing squash. (He would later marry for a third time to a BBC employee, Shelagh Sinclair, 25 years his junior.) He would also continue making television shows. A long-acknowledged influence on the Pythons, Milligan’s Q5 television show was first aired on BBC Two in March 1969. While the material could be unfiltered and patchy, it featured inspired sketches such as the Operatic Singing Relay and the Grandmother Hurling Contest – in which grannies were catapulted off the cliffs of Beachy Head – either of which could have appeared in Monty Python’s Flying Circus, which followed in October 1969, and was shot by the same director, Ian McNaughton. Milligan was only finally commissioned for a new series, Q6, after Monty Python had ended in December 1974. Had Palin ever worried that the Pythons had stolen Milligan’s thunder? “I think we were producing our own material,” he says. “Occasionally it looked very, very close to Spike’s, and that’s why I worried if Spike on the odd occasion got a little bit spiky about it. At times he would say, ‘You know you got it all from me.’” Some of Milligan’s humour has dated. One famous sketch involves a Dalek husband arriving home to his human wife late from work after exterminating the other commuters, speaking in Dalek with an Asian accent, shooting the family dog and announcing: “Put. It. In. The. Curry.” “I’m not a racialist but I love racial humour,” Milligan once told an interviewer. He also had a fondness for stockings-and-suspenders-clad women in his sketches. “He would certainly be considered politically incorrect in some ways, but I don’t think that’s of any importance at all,” says Palin. “Spike was an instinctive comedian.” “He was a very gentle, compassionate soul,” says Jane Milligan. When a tabloid newspaper took a swipe at him after his death in 2002, aged 83, “it really hurt me and it hurt my family,” she adds. “I’m sure there are people out there who didn’t like Dad, of course, it’s life … but they tried to make him out to be mad. That was inaccurate.” “The great gift that Spike had was that he didn’t see the world logically at all,” says Palin. “He saw it at an angle. And he gave so many of us such joy and pleasure.” Spike Milligan: Inside Out is on BBC Radio 4 on Monday at 11.30am 24 *** Friday 13 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph Arts A wacky, intense art teacher like no other Gillian Ayres at home in her studio at Bude, Cornwall, left. Right: Ayres in 1963; and one of her bold, colourful abstract works, below left Mark Hudson looks back fondly on his time as a student in Winchester with the great abstract painter Gillian Ayres, who died this week M y first significant encounter with Gillian Ayres, as a student at Winchester School of Art, took place in the late Seventies, in the crowded buffet car of a morning commuter train from Waterloo to Winchester. There Ayres, newly appointed head of painting, sat amid a group of other tutors, a romantically dishevelled figure. Her mass of greying blonde hair wreathed in cigarette smoke, she held forth in rhapsodic tones on the brilliance of the Venetian Renaissance painter Tintoretto as a psychologist – “one of the greatest,” she maintained, “who ever lived.” But what really riveted my attention was the inch-long column of ash teetering at the tip of her cigarette that appeared about to collapse at any moment into her untouched cup of coffee. The fact that Ayres’s cigarette held together until the train arrived at Winchester station seems an apt metaphor for an artist who, at least to some of her i students at the college, may sometimes have appeared unimaginably vague and off-with-the-fairies, but who had the steeliness to sustain a career at the forefront of British art for more than six decades. She arrived in Winchester in 1978, two years after I did, during a deeply uncertain period in British art. The euphoric movements of the Sixties – conceptualism, minimalism, pop art – were still around, but no longer the potent force they once were. To the average British art student there was little sense of direction, either at Winchester or in the wider art scene in general. Art definitely did not seem like it would ever be the new rock’n’roll. Indeed, I’d abandoned painting at ‘She’d encourage you to work on a really big scale. The idea there might be a budget probably never entered her head’ W Winchester, d deeming it ir irrelevant to the era o of punk and in industrial unrest, a taken up and fi filmmaking. db Ayres h had been part of a wave of young British abstract painters who in the late Fifties blasted away the cosy provincialism of post-war British art, and who in photographs of the time, radiated a cool sex appeal, like an English rose-beatnik in blue jeans. With her philosophy of panoramic lyrical abstraction, she had been brought to Winchester by William Crozier, the then-head of fine art, who wanted, as I recall, to “shake things up”. Ayres, the first woman to become head of painting in a British art college, immediately had a huge impact. The college, on the riverbank in the sleepy and then run-down cathedral town, was tiny and no one could be unaware of Ayres’s defiantly untidy presence. She was a bit posh, a bit wacky, and totally disinterested in her appearance. Art teachers don’t tend to wear three-piece suits but even by their standards the chain-smoking Ayres cut a rumpled figure. You could usually tell when Ayres had dropped into the canteen for a coffee and a cake: there would be a mayhem of butts and cake crumbs left all over the table. One of my friends referred to her as “The Mess”. Nevertheless her radical influence on the students was extraordinary. Within months of her arrival a substantial number had stopped painting aimless landscapes and started producing large-scale, gestural, Ayresesque abstracts – a development that had more to do with Ayres’s force of personality than any kind of systematic instruction. Compared to today, when bureaucratic paperwork dominates every aspect of education, back then teachers in art schools didn’t really teach, they just hung out. Ayres’s approach was all about enabling the natural artist in the student, rather than telling them how to paint. She would simply turn up in the corner of a studio where you were working and start talking about your painting in totally abstract, near-mystical terms. On other occasions I remember she or one of the like-minded painters she’d brought in to teach, such as the British abstractionist John McLean and the artist Clyde Hopkins, would engage in a group crit in which students would talk in hushed voices about abstract marks made by a student on a blank canvas. Never mind what the marks might “mean”: for Ayres, the idea that a message or a story should exist outside of what was physically present on canvas was anathema. She was concerned only with getting it – a kind of impulsive life-force – on the canvas and she barely conceded the relevance of anything not visually apparent. “Gillian exuded this enthusiasm for painting, for colour and materials, and the idea you could and should stick with a painting until something happened,” says Gill Ord, a friend of mine in the year below and now a noted artist in her own right. “There was a paint store at the college with masses of paint and rolls of canvas and she’d encourage you to work on a really big scale. The idea that there might be a budget probably never entered her head. And she’d get into a really intense conversation about painting with you just about anywhere, on a staircase or when you were up a ladder with paint dripping everywhere. You’d be putting brush to canvas and she’d be saying, ‘What does one do, does one let it all flow or does one try to control it?’, as paint was flooding down the canvas. But to her that was all good.” Suddenly, the studios at Winchester were full of students throwing paint at canvases in exhilarated, excited abandon. Without realising it Ord and her peers were taking part in the revival of what Ayres had pioneered in the Fifties but which was now taking place on a much larger scale. One of the most significant tendencies in late 20th century British art, it became known as lyrical abstraction. Exemplified by Ayres as well as Howard Hodgkin, John Hoyland, Albert Irvin and others, it was effectively the rebirth of the painterly values of the Abstract Expressionist era: large-scale canvases, exuberant sensual brushwork and – particularly in Ayres’s case – an almost gastronomic enthusiasm for colour. These were qualities unfettered from the need to be about anything other than themselves: pure painting if you like, but with a touch of English pastoral lurking in its exuberant surfaces. Yet the perceived antiintellectualism of this attitude and her indifference to external theories about art made Ayres an unfashionable figure. She resigned from her position at Winchester in 1981, the victim, she claimed, of a new managerial tendency in art education, though she had also fallen out with some colleagues on the matter of whether art history should be taught. Since nothing, in Ayres’s view, should inhibit the excitement of the student’s personal discovery of other artists’ work, she naturally believed it shouldn’t. That’s a view that disregards the needs of the majority of students who, unless pointed to what’s worthwhile will never find it, in favour of the talented and committed minority who will seek out the greatest art whatever the odds. While Gillian Ayres was amiable and generous both as artist and human being, it was inevitably only those students who shared her all-consuming passion for art, to the exclusion of anything else, that she was really interested in. And unfashionably undemocratic as that may sound, why, frankly, should it have been otherwise? Obituary: Page 27 *** The Daily Telegraph Friday 13 April 2018 25 Film A family torn apart by terror tactics and fury Custody 15 cert, 94 min ★★★★★ Dir Xavier Legrand Starring Léa Drucker, Denis Ménochet, Thomas Gioria, Mathilde Auneveux, Mathieu Saïkaly, Florence Janas By Tim Robey WARNER BROS D Gorilla war: Dwayne Johnson stars in Rampage, in which a giant gorilla destroys Chicago Silly, boisterous and brilliant Robbie Collin CHIEF FILM CRITIC Rampage 12A cert, 107 min ★★★★★ Dir Brad Peyton Starring Dwayne Johnson, Naomie Harris, Jeffrey Dean Morgan, Malin Akerman, Jake Lacy A mere fortnight after Jumanji: Welcome to the Jungle left British cinemas, here comes Dwayne Johnson again with a similarly hushed and introspective tale about the love between a man and his giant albino gorilla. Rampage is based on a cult Eighties video game in which three enormous beasts lay waste to a pixelated cityscape, but it has clearly been devised as a bespoke Johnson project, playing to the former wrestler’s action-star strengths while shearing off anything that might slow down the ride. And it is exactly how these big, thick destruction films should be done: the script is boisterously funny, the action sequences have real flair, and the central human-primate friendship is even quite moving. You might wonder how it could be possible for anyone to convincingly express tenderness on screen towards an outsized beast with a gimlet glare and arms that could rip the turret off a tank, but somehow the gorilla manages to inspire it. His name is George and when the film begins, he is happily ensconced in a wildlife sanctuary in San Diego, joshing via sign language with his primatologist best bud Davis Okoye (Johnson). But trouble drops by in the form of a canister of experimental nerve agent called CRISPR, which falls into his enclosure from an exploding space station, and sends George’s growth rate and temper into overdrive. The same accident plays out twice more elsewhere in America. Soon enough, there are three berserk monsters converging on downtown Chicago, and only one man with the zoological nous and muscle mass to stop them. In a very real sense this is all there is to Brad Peyton’s film, which plays its two winning cards over again, and is smart enough to realise they are more than enough. The first is the giant animal carnage itself, which crackles throughout with fun ideas and flourishes. The second is the comic chemistry of a superb cast who bring everyone in on the joke. Jeffrey Dean Morgan is a smirking, drawling hoot as a special agent drafted in by the government to clean up the mess. “When science s---s the bed, I’m the guy they call to change the sheets,” is how the character pitches it, a sentence Morgan delivers with the sparkle of a man who can recognise a dumb one-liner for the ages. The science itself is the domain of Naomie Harris’s hard-pressed geneticist Dr Kate Caldwell, who explains George’s predicament to Davis by quickly scrolling through the nerve agent’s Wikipedia page on her phone before becoming the film’s sidekick-in-chief. As the brains behind CRISPR, Dr Caldwell is also being framed for the disaster, although the real villains are Malin Akerman and Jake Lacy’s Claire and Brett Wyden, two bigbusiness dynasty siblings whose sartorial similarity to a certain Ivanka and Donald Jr is, you have to assume, Crossed wires and wounded pride entirely deliberate. If Rampage’s giant monsters stand for anything – and giant monsters usually do, even in films as silly as this one – it is the destructive self-interest of the monstrously rich, and there is an unexpectedly topical plot thread here about billionaire grifters in gilded office blocks getting their FBI-mandated just desserts. But any resemblance to America’s current political plight is far slighter than the obvious debt the computergenerated carnage owes to the September 11 attacks, which are graphically evoked in the Chicagoset finale, with its crumbling towers and billowing ash clouds. Some might call that a cheap tactic, and they might well be right. Yet exorcising national fears in the cinema with the help of a supersized ape is nothing new: just ask King Kong from the racist Thirties, a savage brought to America in shackles who breaks loose, threatens delicate white women, and creates inner-city havoc. And who knows? In the best part of a century, or perhaps even sooner, Rampage might look like the defining social document of our moment. But in the meantime, at least, it’s your Friday night uproariously filled. Theatres HER MAJESTY'S 020 7087 7762 THE BRILLIANT ORIGINAL Western THE PHANTOM OF THE OPERA Mon-Sat 7.30, Thu & Sat 2.30 www.ThePhantomOfTheOpera.com 12A cert, 121 min ★★★★★ QUEEN'S 0844 482 5160 Dir Valeska Grisebach Starring Meinhard Neumann, Reinhardt Wetrek, Syuleyman Alilov Letifov, Veneta Fragnova, Viara Borisova, Kevin Bashev THE MUSICAL PHENOMENON LES MISERABLÉS Eves 7.30, Mats Wed & Sat 2.30 www.LesMis.com W estern, by the German director Valeska Grisebach, isn’t literally a western – it’s set on a hilly building site in presentday Bulgaria. The point of the title is to invoke a parallel, conjure a certain tradition. But it’s the aggression and naked tensions of the genre that Grisebach has her eye on. A troupe of German construction workers have a tough job on the hillside, laying the foundations for a hydroelectric power plant. Rather than getting on with the task, these guys are stricken with a weird case of performance anxiety, and keep vying for dubious cool points. In a typical example of peacocking behaviour, the burly, insecure project manager Vincent (Reinhardt Wetrek) wades into a river to retrieve a young woman’s hat, hoping to make an impression on some locals – and by extension the rest of his crew. Instead he comes over as a lunatic, and word quickly gets back to the Bulgarian menfolk that their daughters have been disrespected. The main Mesmerising: Meinhard (Meinhard Neumann) and his fellow construction workers character, and most fascinating figure, is Meinhard (Meinhard Neumann), a mustachioed ex-Legionnaire who keeps his distance from the rest of the group. He has the air of a lone rider, especially when he finds a white horse in the mountains. Bareback, he makes Clint-Eastwood-ish sorties into the village, where the residents go back and forth on what to make of him. Grisebach divides her dialogue in two – half German, half Bulgarian, with only a couple of the 20-strong ensemble in a position to translate. The opportunities for crossed wires are innumerable. Memories here are long, and the German use of Bulgaria as a docile staging base during the Second World War is a crucial part of the film’s historical context. When the builders plant their national flag in the scaffolding, it’s a boorish brag about annexation. Meinhard’s cultivation of a laconic mystique feels like a veteran’s tactic to outmanoeuvre the Vincents of this world, whose more open bluster and desire to exploit local resources – women included – self-destruct for all to see. Grisebach has an observational grasp of the male psyche – especially its pathological obsession with pride – that fairly takes the breath away. The worst things that happen in her film are all eminently survivable – but try telling that to the men involved, for whom the simple matter of losing face is life or death, and whose inability to let their guard down makes for mesmerising psychological drama. TR Why it is time to end the sound of silence Classical Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment Queen Elizabeth Hall ★★★★★ By Ivan Hewett B efore the start of this all-Mozart concert, Roger Norrington mused from the podium on recent changes in concert etiquette. “Why this deadly silence between movements?” he asked. “People used to clap all the time, even within movements. Audiences are part of the performance, they contribute. So please, feel free!” Behind me, a patron demurred. “What’s wrong with silence?” he growled. Some people find Norrington’s high jinks a bit much. But I was happy to be swept along by them – and to applaud – because the music-making was so technically superb, so joyous, and so full of expressive insight. Norrington was abetted by virtuoso horn player Roger Montgomery, who played Mozart’s first and fourth horn concertos using a natural horn contemporary to Mozart. Natural horns do not have valves, so it was fascinating to see how Montgomery coaxed forth the notes by pushing his hand further into the bell, or by pursing his lips. Alongside the concertos were two of Mozart’s symphonies, which were full of telling expressive details. The minuet of Symphony No. 33 was deliciously stately and slow, a welcome change to those fleet and fast performances one so often hears from “period” orchestras. Symphony No. 36, the “Linz”, was, if anything, even more joyous. Norrington didn’t exactly conduct so much as draw attention to interesting details – a rocketingskywards figure here, a surprising offbeat rhythm there. My only quarrel with this piece was the slow movement. Played at Norrington’s dancing pace, it certainly sounded graceful enough, but the interesting dark patches were skated over. But Norrington and the players relished the way the music’s phrases in the finale bounced from one instrumental group to to the next. The sheer energy of the music-making was irresistible. At the end as the applause rang out, Norrington applauded us back. ST MARTIN'S 020 7836 1443 66th year of Agatha Christie's THE MOUSETRAP Mon-Sat 7:30pm, Mats Tues & Thurs 3 & Sat 4 www.the-mousetrap.co.uk “Captivating” TIME OUT **** FINANCIAL TIMES Sheila Hancock Bill Milner HAROLD AND MAUDE By Colin Higgins Directed by Thom Southerland CharingCrossTheatre.co.uk 08444-930650 irecting child actors credibly is one of the hardest things to pull off. But the French writerdirector Xavier Legrand manages it so brilliantly in Custody, his electric and unpredictable feature debut, it makes his whole film quiver and convulse. Thomas Gioria plays 11-year-old blond schoolboy, Julien, who’s caught up in the brutal divorce proceedings between his parents Miriam and Antoine (Léa Drucker and Denis Ménochet). During the long, tense opening scene, a custody hearing in which five adults in a small room are determining his future, a weary magistrate has to pick through the competing allegations and come up with the best compromise. In the one corner is careful, tight-lipped Miriam, who has repeatedly escaped her husband’s clutches, by moving town and changing her phone number. Antoine, she says, has previously caused physical harm to her 18-year-old daughter (Mathilde Auneveux), whose boyfriend he disapproves of. He’s also been known to sleep in the car outside Miriam’s parents’ home, where she and the children have been sheltering. Antoine says that his daughter hurt her wrist in the gym; that Miriam has poisoned both children against him; and that Julien, unlike his sister, is too young to be deprived of his father’s Thomas Gioria plays Julien, a young boy caught in a parental custody battle guidance. Every viewer is put in the same position as the judge – weighing up what benefit of the doubt the father deserves, with little concrete evidence of his actual wrongdoing. And then we get to know what sort of terror tactics he’s capable of. Ménochet uses his intimidating physique and guttural voice to convey a potential for threat we’re wary about from the start. But he knows how to tamp it down, and he’s calculating, too, gleaning secret information from his son’s school notebooks and using it to win petty wars in the logistical squabbles each weekend brings. Every time Julien is brought back to his maternal grandparents, they receive him inside like a soldier returning from the Somme. Perhaps it’s no coincidence that Legrand made his start playing an antiSemitic classmate in Louis Malle’s Au Revoir les Enfants (1987), a film hard to beat for its acting from kids of roughly Gioria’s age. Whatever instinct or gift Malle transmitted on that set has been passed right down the line here. In close-up, as Julien cowers against his dad’s van window, the verbal wounds and manipulative strategies take their toll, until he’s practically eaten alive with stress and despair. Tiny or trivial as they might seem on paper, these emotional assaults gain such conviction in performance that his ordeal feels like the social realist equivalent of enduring Dunkirk. The war of attrition escalates alarmingly, making us question a lot of stray assumptions, and dragging us to places it’s hard to be fully prepared for. You don’t even want to be. As a demonstration of slighted masculinity being given an inch, taking a mile, and chewing it up with breakneck fury, the film could hardly be more timely or disconcerting. But it also understands the ignition point of rage – not just its ugly momentum. 26 *** Friday 13 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph Court & Social Court Circular WINDSOR CASTLE April 12th The Queen this morning visited the King George VI Day Centre, Clarence Road, Windsor, to mark the Sixtieth Anniversary of its opening by Her Majesty and the Seventieth Anniversary of Windsor Old People’s Welfare Association, and was received by Her Majesty’s Lord-Lieutenant of the Royal County of Berkshire (Mr James Puxley), the Chairman of Trustees of Windsor Old People’s Welfare Association (Mr David Cannon) and the Mayor of the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead (Councillor John Lenton). The Queen, escorted by the Chairman of Trustees, toured the building, viewing a seated exercise class, hairdressing station and the kitchen, and met members of the Day Centre in the lounge area. By command of The Queen, Mr Alistair Harrison (Marshal of the Diplomatic Corps) called upon His Excellency Mr Miguel Neto at 22 Dorset Street, London W1, this morning in order to bid farewell to His Excellency upon relinquishing his appointment as Ambassador from the Republic of Angola to the Court of St James’s. BUCKINGHAM PALACE April 12th The Duke of York, Patron, English National Ballet, this morning received Mr Patrick Harrison (Executive Director). His Royal Highness this afternoon received Mr Robert Dudley (Chief Executive Officer, BP). The Duke of York, Colonel, Grenadier Guards, this evening held a Dinner for the Warrant Officers of 1st Battalion. BUCKINGHAM PALACE April 12th The Earl of Wessex, Vice Patron, Commonwealth Games Federation, today attended the XXI Commonwealth Games on the Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia. BUCKINGHAM PALACE April 12th The Princess Royal, Prime Warden, the Fishmongers’ Company, this morning chaired the Committee of Wardens Meeting and the Court Meeting, and attended a Luncheon, Fishmongers’ Hall, London Bridge, London EC4. Her Royal Highness, Colonel- in-Chief, The King’s Royal Hussars, this afternoon received General Sir Richard Shirreff upon relinquishing his appointment as Colonel and General Sir Adrian Bradshaw upon assuming the appointment. The Princess Royal, President, Carers Trust, this evening held a Reception, followed by a Dinner, at St James’s Palace. KENSINGTON PALACE April 12th The Duke of Gloucester, Patron, Canine Partners for Independence, this morning received Mrs Nicola Martin (Chief Executive Officer) and Mrs Jackie Staunton (Chairman of Trustees). His Royal Highness, Patron, International Council on Monuments and Sites - UK, this afternoon received Mr Richard Hughes (President) and Ms Susan Denyer (Secretary). The Duke of Gloucester, President, British Expertise, this evening presented the British Expertise International Awards at the Royal Garden Hotel, Kensington High Street, London W8. ST JAMES’S PALACE April 12th The Duke of Kent, Chancellor, today presided over the University of Surrey’s Postgraduate Degree Ceremonies in the grounds of Guildford Cathedral amd was received by Mr Christopher Biddell (Vice Lord-Lieutenant of Surrey). For more details about the Royal family, visit royal.uk Today’s birthdays Sir Jeremiah Harman, a former High Court Judge, is 88; Mr Edward Fox, actor, 81; the Rt Rev Dr Dom Timothy Wright, Abbot of Ampleforth, 1997-2005, 76; Mr Richard Handover, Chairman, Alexon Group, 2008-11; Chairman, W.H. Smith plc, 2003-05, 72; Mr Len Cook, National Statistician and Registrar General for England and Wales, 2000-05, 69; Prof Sir Leszek Borysiewicz, ViceChancellor of Cambridge University, 2010-17, 67; Mr Peter Davison, actor, 67; Mr Jonjo O’Neill, racehorse trainer, 66; Mr Stephen Byers, former Labour Cabinet Minister, 65; Mrs Barbara Roche, former Labour Government Minister, 64; Mrs Justice Rose 58; Mr Garry Kasparov, chess grandmaster, 55; Mr Davis Love III, golfer, 54; and Miss Nicole Cooke, former road bicycle racer and former Commonwealth, Olympic and World race champion, 35. Today is the anniversary of the Catholic Emancipation Act becoming law in 1829. In memoriam Mr Barry Norman Glovers' Company Mr Ian Dyson, Commissioner of the City of London Police, was the guest speaker at a luncheon for Liverymen of the Glovers' Company held yesterday at Grocers' Hall. Mr Alvan SethSmith, Master, presided. The English-Speaking Union Mr Robert Lacey was the speaker at a literary luncheon of the Eastbourne Branch of The EnglishSpeaking Union held yesterday at the Hydro Hotel, Eastbourne. Miss Sarah Carr, Chairman, presided and Mrs Jane Mitchell, President, was among others present. A memorial service for Mr Barry Norman was held yesterday at St Paul’s, Covent Garden, WC2. The Rev Richard Syms officiated. Mr John Wringe, Mr Jason Solomons, Critics Circle, Mr Bertie Norman (grandson), Mr Bruce Thompson, Lord Puttnam, Mr Richard Norman (brother), Mr Frank McGuinness and Mr Barry Cryer were the speakers. Among others present were: Miss Samantha Norman, Miss Emma Norman (daughters), Mr Harry Clifford, Mr Charlie Clifford, (grandsons), Mr and Mrs Tony Lennard (brother-in-law and sister-in-law), Mr Mark Norman, Mr Matthew Norman, Mr Cliff Ashton Eaton, Mr Andrew Wood and other members of the family. Lady Puttnam, Lady Cobbold, the Hon Henry Cobbold, Dr Sir Vince Cable, MP, Leader, Liberal Democrat Party; Sir Michael Parkinson, Lord’s Taverners, with Mr Chris Tarrant and Mr Mike Gatting; Sir Alan Parker, Mrs John Wringe, Mrs Bruce Thompson, Mr Mike Leigh, Mr Ken Loach, Ms Christine Sheridan, Mr Ray Connolly, Mr John Madden, Mr Ron Atkin, Mr Keith McDowall, Mr Barry Brown, Ms Katie Derham, Mr George Entwistle, Mr Monty Court and representatives from the BBC, Radio Times and Sky, together with many other friends. FIRST WORLD WAR LONDON, SATURDAY APRIL 13, 1918 Scriveners' Company Mr John Pritchard was the principal guest at the Spring Dinner of the Scriveners' Company held last night at Cutlers' Hall. Mr David Philip, Master, presided and Mr Edward Gardiner, Upper Warden, also spoke. A carpet guard was formed by cadets of 329 (Finsbury) Squadron ATC and the Scriveners' prize for Best Academic Achievement was presented to Cadet Jack Taylor. Among the other guests were: The Masters and Clerks of the Musicians' Company, the Society of Apothecaries, the Glovers' and Chartered Accountants' Companies and the Guild of Scriveners of the City of York, representatives of HMS Portland, LXX Squadron RAF, and 'A' Company (London Scottish), The London Regiment. Legal news Judge Steiger, QC, retired as a Circuit Judge with effect from April 1, 2018. Judge Penna retired as a Circuit Judge with effect from March 22, 2018. Mr Mark John Thomas has been appointed a District Judge deployed to the North Eastern Circuit, based at Durham Justice Centre, with effect from March 20, 2018. Mr Julian Alexander Cridge has been appointed a District Judge deployed to the South Eastern Circuit, based at Bromley County and Family Court, with effect from March 26, 2018. Bridge news Play starts this evening at 7 pm, continuing on Saturday and Sunday, starting at 10 am, in the Lady Milne, the fourth event in the Home International series, writes Julian Pottage, Bridge Correspondent. The action takes place at the Holiday Inn, Edinburgh, with spectators welcome at the venue or via the online vugraph broadcast at www.bridgebase.com England, the holders, have won 48 times; Scotland, who last won in 2016, have won 13 times; Wales, who last won in 2015, have won 4 times; Northern Ireland, who last won in 1985, have won twice; and Ireland, who joined the series in 1998, have yet to win. SIR D. HAIG’S CALL TO HIS ARMIES “OUR BACKS TO THE WALL” We are officially informed that the following Special Order of the Day by Field-Marshal Sir Douglas Haig has been issued for the information. of the troops in France: To all ranks of the British Army in France and Flanders: Three weeks ago to-day the enemy began his terrific attacks against us on a fifty-mile front. His objects are to separate us from the French, to take the Channel ports, and destroy the British Army. In spite of throwing already 106 divisions into the battle, and enduring the most reckless sacrifice of human life, he has as yet made little progress towards his goals. We owe this to the determined fighting and self-sacrifice of our troops. Words fail me to express the admiration which I feel for the splendid resistance offered by all ranks of our Army under the most trying circumstances. Many amongst us now are tired. To those I would say that victory will belong to the side which holds out the longest. The French army is moving rapidly and in great force to our support. There is no other course open to us but to fight it out. Every position must be held to the last man; there must be no retirement. With our backs to the wall, and believing in the justice of our cause, each one of us must fight on to the end. The safety of our homes and the freedom of mankind depend alike upon the conduct of each one of us at this critical moment. GERMAN CLAIMS (Admiralty, Per Wireless Press.) Berlin, Friday Afternoon. Armentières has fallen, encircled from the north and south by the troops of General von Eberhardt and General von Stettin, and, thus deprived of its roads for retreat, the English garrison, 50 officers and over 3,000 men, laid down their arms after a brave resistance. With them 45 guns, numerous machine guns, large quantities of ammunition, a clothes depôt, and other kinds of rich booty fell into our hands. To the north-west of Armentières we gained ground. To the west of Armentières, after the repulse of strong counter-attacks against Steenwerck carried out by hastily-collected troops and after a bitter fight for the English position, the troops of General von Stettin and General von Carlowitz drove the enemy back in the direction of Bailleul and Merville. Merville was captured. On the southern bank of the Lvs the troops of General von Bernhardi fought their way across the Lawe and advanced as far as the heights before Merville. According to information so far to hand the total booty captured in the battle of Armentières amounts to 20,000 prisoners – including one English and one Portuguese general – and more than 200 guns. The conquest of the swamped crater fields in and before our positions of departure of April 9 made the greatest demands on the troops of all arms in the foremost lines. In their success the pioneers, equipment troops, and rear divisions have an outstanding share. On the battlefield on both sides of the Somme violent artillery duels developed. French regiments which assaulted on the western bank of the Avre to the west of Moreuil broke down with very heavy losses, and left 700 prisoners in our hands, who were subsequently killed by French artillery fire. Berlin, Friday Night. Our victorious troops are progressing through the wide plain between Armentières and Merville. FLANKS HOLDING FIRM British Army (France), Friday. The enemy continues to strain his every effort to break through the British Army in Flanders. Despite the sustained pressure of his dense masses and the constant blows of his shock tactics, he has only succeeded during the past twenty-four hours in pushing forward in the centre of his wide front of attack, the flanks holding firm. He has extended the narrow nose of his salient in a way which nothing but his immense superiority of numbers could render tactically feasible, nor indeed, could have achieved. We have been counter-attacking during the day, and although I cannot as yet get any reliable details, for, in fact, the battle is stiff in fierce progress, I gather in a general way that the situation is improving in our favour. The brilliant clear weather is a perfect godsend, for in addition to enabling our airmen thoroughly to reconnoitre the enemy’s dispositions and movements, it allows of their taking part in the combat with most effective results. AUCHMUTY.—Dolores (née Fielding), died at home on Sunday 25th March 2018. Beloved wife of the late Charles, and dearly loved mother of Sue and Jane, grandmother, great-grandmother (Gigi) and friend. The Funeral will be held at Guildford Crematorium on Tuesday 24th April at 2.15 p.m. Online ref: 551982 BAYLISS.—Peacefully at Leven Beach Care Home on Friday 6th April 2018. Captain Ivor Charles Bayliss, aged 86. Beloved husband of Georgie, much loved father and grandfather, and a dear friend to many. Funeral Service on Tuesday 24th April 2018 at St James The Great Church, Cupar, at 11.45 a.m. to which all family and friends are respectfully invited. Family ﬂowers only please but donations, if so desired, may be given to Alzheimer Scotland, at the church doors. Online ref: 552119 BIRD.—Joan Ethel (née Oakes). Died peacefully in her sleep on Friday 6th April 2018, at home. Beloved wife of Ronnie, dearly loved mother of Emma and Carlie, adored Granny to Kitty, Lucia, James, Beth, Sebastian, Monty, Izzy and Baba. Latin Requiem Mass at 11 a.m. on Thursday 19th April at Wardour Castle Chapel, Tisbury, SP3 6RH. Family ﬂowers only please. Donations in memory to Wardour Chapel Trustees. All enquiries to Bracher Brothers F/D, 01747 822494. Online ref: 552249 BRUNDAN.—Judy (formerly Denham Smith) died suddenly on Tuesday 10th April 2018. Loving wife, mother, stepmother, grandmother and sister. A Funeral will be held at 2.30 p.m. on Thursday 26th April at St Mary's Church, Wilby, Suﬀolk, IP21 5LR. No ﬂowers but donations if desired to St Mary's Church. Online ref: A223454 BUCK.—John (of Penarth). Sadly on 30th March 2018, aged 93. John; beloved husband of the late Joyce, much loved father of Margot. A wonderful grandfather of William and Edward. John will be greatly missed. Resting at James Summers Funeralcare, Lavernock Road, Penarth CF64 5UP until the Funeral Service at All Saint’s Church, Penarth on Monday 30th April at 10.45 a.m. Family ﬂowers only. Donations in lieu to Penarth Lifeboat Station, The Esplanade, Penarth CF64 3AU. Online ref: 552258 DAVIDSON.—Dom Francis, monk of Ampleforth, died 9th April 2018. Solemn Funeral Mass at 11.30 a.m. on 16th April 2018 at Ampleforth Abbey. Online ref: A223446 DRAYTON.—Geoﬀrey Charles on 6th April 2018, aged 85. Pioneering modern furniture and lighting retailer (Geoﬀrey Drayton, founded in 1963). Father of Hugo, Guy, Kate and Henry; much loved grandfather and brother; remembered by cycling and mountaineering friends. Service and burial at Greenacres, Epping Forest (Kiln Road, North Weald) on Thursday 26th April at 1 p.m. Online ref: 552265 GRAZEBROOK.—Diana "Patience", died peacefully at home in Blandford Forum on 4th April 2018. Much loved wife of Michael and devoted mother, grandmother and great grandmother. A Service of Thanksgiving will be held at St Peter and St Paul's Church, Blandford Forum on Wednesday 2nd May 2018 at 3 p.m. Online ref: A223457 GRIMSLEY.—Derek Hubert. The family mourn the death of a dear husband, father and grandfather. Died peacefully at home on 7th April 2018. Online ref: 552301 GRITTEN.—John MBE, Wing Commander (Retired). Died 7th April, aged 71. Desperately missed by his loving wife Joy, children Marion and David, granddaughter Nieve and all of John’s family. Funeral on Monday 23rd April at Perth Crematorium at 12.30 p.m. No ﬂowers please, donations in lieu, to British Heart Foundation and RAF Benevolent Fund. Online ref: A223427 HASTINGS.—Margaret Anne (née Hickman) died 30th March 2018, aged 87. Widow of Julian Hastings. Greatly loved mother of Jonathan and Richard and grandmother to Matthew, Bethany, Ruby, Verity and Edward. Service of Thanksgiving to be held St. Mary's, Twickenham on 26th April at 11 a.m. Enquiries and donations (British Heart Foundation), 020 8892 1784. Online ref: A223413 HENSON.—Brian Albert Voice died peacefully on 6th April 2018. OMT, much loved husband of Una, father of Paul and Clare, grandfather of James, Hugo, Sacha, Lily and Cecelia. Service at 11 a.m. on 30th April at Breakspear Crematorium. No ﬂowers please. Online ref: A223431 MITSON.—Alan Edward, on 9th April 2018, peacefully at Fairview Care Private Hospital. Loved husband of the late Jean. Much loved father and father-in-law of Sally and Steve, and Jane and Steve, and Grandpa of Chiara. By request a service will be held in Auckland, New Zealand on Monday 16th April. Dil’s Funeral Services, FDANZ. Online ref: 552204 MOYNAHAN.—Brian Patrick James, on 1st April 2018, after a brave, long ﬁght. Beloved husband of Priscilla, dear father of William and Katie, and adored grandfather of Tilly, Hector, Patrick, Orlando, Tabitha and Rafe. Funeral has already taken place. Memorial Service at 3.30 p.m. on 17th May 2018, at St Mary’s Church, Battersea Church Road, SW11 3NA. Donations, if desired, to The Royal Marsden Cancer Charity c/o Chelsea Funeral Directors, 260b Fulham Road, SW10 9EL. Tel: 020 7352 0008. Online ref: 552167 NEWBOLD.—Donald Victor CBE. Peacefully on 12th March 2018, aged 91 years. Service at Woodvale Crematorium, Lewes Road, Brighton on Friday 20th April 2018, at 12.30 p.m. Family ﬂowers only. Online ref: 551615 PARR.—Margaret Louisa, died after a short illness on 30th March 2018, aged 90. Dearly loved mother, grandmother, great-grandmother, cousin and friend to all that knew her. Funeral to be held at Kent & Sussex Crematorium, Royal Tunbridge Wells on Wednesday 18th April at 1 p.m. Donations, if desired, to 'The Kit Wilson Trust' c/o Abbey Funeral Services, 173 High Street, Tonbridge, TN9 1BX. Tel: 01732 360328. Online ref: A223369 REID.—Edith, widow of George Stanley. Died peacefully in Burcot Grange, Worcestershire, on 7th April 2018, aged 104 years. Online ref: 552290 RELLIE.—Alastair James Carl Euan died peacefully on 10th April 2018, aged 83. 52 years as soulmate and debating partner of Annalisa, patient father to Euan, Jemima and Lucasta, unpretentious Grandpa to Heathcliﬀ, Titus, Foxy, Agatha, Bede, Cosima, George, Cressida and Octavia. Church warden, school governor, Arsenal fan and spy. Funeral at Christ Church SW3. Online ref: 552211 RIGG.—Julia Laura, passed away peacefully on 5th April 2018. Much loved wife of the late Peter, loving Mum to Jeremy and Caroline, loving partner to Myles and much loved Granny to Georgina, Annabelle and Richard. The Funeral Service and Committal will take place in Overdale Crematorium West Chapel, Bolton on Friday 20th April at 2.30 p.m. Family ﬂowers only please, donations in lieu, if desired, for either Combat Stress or Sir Tom Finney High School (cheques payable to Sir Tom Finney Community High School Fund). All donations and enquiries to Howarth's Funeral Service, 638 Blackburn Road, Bolton BL1 7AL. Tel: 01204 309609 or www.1hfs.co.uk Online ref: 552273 RIORDAN.—Eileen Doris died peacefully on 20th March 2018, aged 88. Dear sister of Sheila, Christine and Kathleen (dec'd). Aunt, great aunt and great great aunt. Funeral service at Parndon Wood Crematorium on 18th April 2018. Family ﬂowers only. Donations in her memory may be made to Alheizemer's Research UK. Online ref: A223458 WOODHEAD.—Audrey died peacefully on 5th April 2018, at St Matthew's Care Home, Redbourn. Online ref: 552310 ROGERS.—Erica Rogers MBE (née Spinney). Beloved wife of David, mother of Andrew and Hannah and grandmother of Jacob and Lois. Died peacefully in her sleep on 3rd April 2018. Funeral at St. George's Church, High Street, Beckenham, BR3 1AX, at 2 p.m. on Thursday 10th May. Please wear colourful clothes (think Spring.) Family ﬂowers only. Enquiries to :- H. Copeland and Sons, Beckenham, 020 8650 2295. Online ref: 552260 MENZIES.—Jean. Peacefully on 15th March 2018 aged 87. She will be sadly missed by all her friends, family and the Marylebone Community. The Funeral Service shall take place on 23rd April 2018 at Golders Green Crematorium at 12.30 p.m. Donations, if desired, for Cancer Research and Battersea Dogs Home may be sent to Ronald P. Sherry & Son, 25 Bell Street, London, NW1 5BY. Online ref: 552197 RUNACRES.—Penelope Jane Elizabeth (née Luxmoore), died peacefully at Fonthill House, St Albans on 4th April 2018, aged 89. Much loved mother of Caroline and Francis, grandmother of Robin, Katie and Thomas. Funeral at West Herts Crematorium, Watford on 28th April at 1 p.m. All enquiries to Phillips Funeral Directors, 01727 238461. Flowers welcome, or donations to Blesma, The Limbless Veterans, www.blesma.org Online ref: A223430 SHENNAN.—John Millward. FRCS (Lon) FRCS (Ednb). Died following a stroke whilst on holiday in Iceland on 7th March. He was a Consultant Surgeon on the Wirral for a total of 37 years. Retired fully in 2011. A keen golfer. Much loved husband of Pam. He leaves 3 children and 3 grandchildren. A Service of Thanksgiving was held at St. Bridget’s Church, West Kirby on 12th April 2018. Online ref: 552057 WALDER.—Howard Albert died peacefully on 6th April 2018, aged 94. Much loved husband of Yvonne, father and father-in-law of Sarah and John, and grandfather of Katherine. A family cremation followed by a Service of Thanksgiving which will be held at St James Church, Thrapston, on Friday 20th April at 11.30 a.m. Family ﬂowers only, but donations, if desired, to Glaucoma Research Foundation and The Blood Cancer Research Charity. Online ref: A223445 IN EVERYTHING set them an example by doing what is good. In your teaching show integrity, seriousness and soundness of speech that cannot be condemned, so that those who oppose you may be ashamed because they have nothing bad to say about us. Titus 2.7-8 In memoriam McGOWAN.—Caroline Anne (née Smitheram) and her dearest husband, Andrew, both murdered in Mozambique on Sunday 13th April 1997. On their 21st anniversary still so dearly missed for their gentle, loving and kind personalities. Forever in our thoughts and prayers. Love, Mummy and Daddy. Online ref: 552246 LYON.—In proud memory of Lieutenant Francis Lyon 4th Battalion the Grenadier Guards killed in action Hazebrouck 13th April 1918. He died in good company with their backs to the wall. Online ref: 552182 POTTS.—2nd Lt. William Edgar, MM, 5th Bn. attached to 15/17th Bn. West Yorkshire Regt. Leeds Pals, killed in action at Bailleul on 13th April 1918. No known grave, commemorated on the Ploegstreet Memorial. His life remembered with pride by his great-nephew Michael S Potts and family. Online ref: 552001 30TH BIRTHDAY. Wishing my daughter Olivia Rae a happy 30th bithday, keep up the 'batting and the bowling'. Love daddy xx Online ref: 552120 *** The Daily Telegraph Friday 13 April 2018 27 Obituaries Gillian Ayres Rob Matthews were hung. Throughout the course of her long career Gillian Ayres’s work remained remarkably consistent in both its style and concern. Her paintings expressed her love of colour, which was released in swirling organic forms, dazzling the viewer with the vibrancy of her brush strokes and with the modulations and juxtapositions of her primaries. Although her endlessly reworked paintings could take months to complete, she was never a painter to reveal her process. Her art spun on its spontaneity, its air of apparent ease and effortlessness. She never resorted to the geometric, the mathematical, or to the drab tones and subject matter of the Euston Road School that predominated in her early years. For Gillian Ayres, work was an ode to beauty, to colour in its natural form which, at its highest pitch, communicated its reflexive purity and joy to the viewer. Gillian Ayres was born on February 3 1930 in London, the daughter of Stephen and Florence. Her father ran the family hat-making business in Soho. She was the youngest of three daughters and was educated at the experimental Froebel school and St Paul’s Girls’ School, Hammermsith, where her friends included Shirley Williams, who would be co-founder of the Social Democratic Party, and the novelist Shirley Conran, who was to become one of the foremost collectors of her work. She decided as a child that she wished to become a painter, leaving school at 16 against her parents’ wishes to enter Camberwell School of Art. She had rejected the Slade after it only offered her a place when she was 18. Entering Camberwell in 1946 as the only girl in her year was a daunting experience. Many of her classmates were war veterans simply thrilled to be alive, for whom painting was a joy after the jungle and the desert. One of these, Henry Mundy, 11 years older than Gillian Ayres, was to become her husband in 1951. She left without taking her exams – which she considered “bourgeois” – although she was later to become an examiner at the Royal College of Art. Having exhibited at the first Young Contemporaries show in 1949, Gillian and Henry spent a summer painting in Cornwall and working at the Land’s End Hotel. They returned to London and shared a job at the Artists’ International Association (AIA) gallery, a communist organisation prepared to employ non-communist artists, and painted compulsively in their spare time. There Gillian Ayres met Roger Hilton, whose vibrant, un-English aesthetic inspired her to pursue her chosen style in which swaths of colour were paramount. She exhibited alone and in group shows, travelled extensively in southern Europe where the warmth of colour and light fired MIKE HOBAN/ALAN CRISTEA GALLERY/PA G ILLIAN AYRES who has died aged 88, was an English abstract painter whose large, colourful canvasses dominated any room in which they Gillian Ayres in 2009: she was unrepentantly concerned with beauty as an end in itself her imagination, and painted a mural for South Hampstead School – which was so disliked that it was papered over and only exhumed in the 1990s. In 1959 Gillian Ayres and Mundy moved to Corsham, in Wiltshire, to teach at the Bath Academy of Art, where their colleagues included Howard Hodgkin and Adrian Heath. They taught and painted obsessively, Gillian Ayres not even allowing the births of their children to interrupt her routine. Mundy’s exquisite miniature abstracts were enjoying some success and the pair remained at Corsham until 1965, when they left to take up teaching posts at St Martin’s School of Art. Gillian Ayres stayed at St Martin’s until 1978, during which time she was divorced from Mundy. She then became head of painting at Winchester College of Art. It was not an easy period. Government cutbacks undermined funding and the trend in art schools was towards extensive written exams, which Gillian Ayres abhorred. For someone who taught art for over twenty years, Gillian Ayres maintained a remarkably relaxed attitude towards it. She once said: “I don’t think you can teach art … If one was a good teacher, it was probably because one set up a nice atmosphere in a sort of lazy way.” The year 1981 was the turning point in Gillian Ayres’s life. She resigned from Winchester, a significant financial risk, sold her house in Barnes and moved with a younger artist, Gareth Williams, to the Llŷn Peninsula in Wales, having calculated that she had enough money to paint full time for three years and would then take work in a local supermarket. The risk was triumphantly justified. She exhibited successfully at the Museum of Modern Art in Oxford in 1981, became a member of the Royal Academy the following year (though she left for a while in 1997 in protest at the Academy displaying a portrait of Myra Hindley, the Moors murderer) and in 1983 enjoyed a sell-out show at the Serpentine Gallery. Her household took an unusual turn when her former husband came to stay for Christmas – and stayed forever. In 1986, the year after she and Norman Lynton had made an Open University film on abstract art, Williams was killed in a road accident. The following year Gillian Ayres moved with Mundy to the DevonCornwall border, where they lived for the remainder of their lives, painting in their respective studios – although they never remarried. All her life Gillian Ayres painted whenever she could. “I can’t not work,” she said. “You totally feel you’re wasting your life.” Much of her work she never exhibited and could not bear to sell. It covered every inch of her house, the glorious colours providing the only warmth in her unheated studio. Viewing a Gillian Ayres painting is a sensuous experience. The work is wholly abstract, to the extent that she would excise any line or motif that appeared to convey meaning or specific form. The paintings were given titles such as A Belt of Straw and Ivy Buds (1983) after they were completed, names that were not intended to be significant. At the outset Gillian Ayres covered the whole canvas as quickly as possible, creating a base for the work. The freshness of the original application could not be maintained, but she was able to retain the aura of speed and innocence, the sense of original perception, by mixing the colours on the canvas, adding and subtracting layers and idioms to create a feeling of abandon, of submission to the exalted heights of her imagination. To that extent her paintings were whole; they were, of themselves, fields of pure colour, alluding to nothing beyond the confines of the canvas. Gillian Ayres’s art was at odds with the British aesthetic. She once lamented that “our particular culture is happier with serious subjects and brown paintings. When people talk of pure decoration they talk about it as if it were something like an embroidered cushion.” She was unrepentantly concerned with beauty as an end in itself. “I think beauty can lift you up and sort of take your feet away from the ground … I mean, if the world doesn’t care about it, then I think the world’s gone potty.” In her own art, throughout her working life, Gillian Ayres never aimed for anything other than the creation of pure beauty. In 1990 the British Council invited Gillian Ayres to paint in India. She went with her son and a friend, Alexandra Pringle, who described travelling with Ayres as “being given a new pair of eyes”. She returned in 1991 as the British representative at the India Triennale in Delhi. Gillian Ayres was fascinated by the quiddity of life, by its minutiae and its rhythm. A dedicated conversationalist, forever with a glass and a cigarette to hand, she defied the doctors who prescribed a teetotal diet after a near fatal illness with the same zest that she defied motherhood in pursuit of art. Her qualities and unique contribution to modern British painting were recognised when she was appointed OBE in 1986, advanced to CBE in 2011. In the mid-1990s she was appointed a senior fellow at the Royal College of Art and the following year awarded the Sargent Fellowship at the British School at Rome. She and Mundy had two sons, one of whom, Sammy, is an artist. Gillian Ayres, born February 3, 1930, died April 11 2018 Guy Lyon Playfair Writer on the paranormal known for investigating the ghostly antics of the Enfield ‘poltergeist’ ANL/REX/SHUTTERSTOCK; GRAHAM MORRIS G UY LYON PLAYFAIR, who has died aged 83, was an investigator of the paranormal best known for his work on the so-called Enfield poltergeist in north London. With Maurice Grosse, his colleague from the Society for Psychical Research, Playfair arrived at the semi-detached council house in Green Street, Enfield, days after the first reports of unexplained disturbances there in 1977. The house was occupied by Margaret Hodgson, a divorcée, and her four children, two of whom, Janet, 11, and Johnny, 10, claimed that their beds were unaccountably shaking. Neighbours who heard knockings on the walls searched the house and found nothing. But when a police officer arrived she witnessed a chair sliding unaided along the floor. By the time Playfair and Grosse turned up to investigate, the disturbances were becoming more intense and more frightening. It seemed that a poltergeist was overturning chairs and tables, flinging things about, pulling off bedclothes and, in the case of Janet, levitating her and causing her to speak with the voice of an old man. As Playfair later recalled, Janet “was always near when something happened, and this inevitably led to accusations that she was playing tricks, although Grosse was already fully convinced that she could not be responsible for all the incidents”. Yet Playfair, who chronicled the events in his book This House is Haunted (1980), continued to harbour doubts. The “poltergeist” tended to act only when it was not being watched. Incidents involving “curious whistling and barking noises coming from Janet’s general direction” prompted Playfair to wonder if it was not really Janet acting as “a brilliant ventriloquist”. But in the end neither Playfair nor Grosse was persuaded that the girl was faking. Others were more sceptical, Guy Lyon Playfair in 1980. Below: Janet Hodgson ‘levitating’ at her home in Enfield (1977) including another paranormal investigator, Melvin Harris, who called the photographed levitations “gymnastics”, adding: “It’s worth remembering that Janet was a school sports champion.” Joe Nickell, an American paranormal investigator, claimed that Playfair was “repeatedly snookered” by the Hodgson children, and that he had “made a career of first being fooled by tricksters, and then fooling others”. Be that as it may, Playfair and Gosse captured much of the activity at Enfield on tape and film, and transcripts of the recordings covered some 600 pages. Hoax or no (and most of Playfair’s critics considered him both gullible and credulous) the story of the council house poltergeist came to be regarded as a classic of psychical research, the subject of worldwide press coverage and radio and television documentaries. As well as championing the paranormal, Playfair also campaigned against what he considered the pernicious proliferation of television, a medium which, as he put it, “rots the brain”. He expanded his argument into a book, The Evil Eye (1990). Guy Lyon Playfair was born in India on April 5 1935. His mother, a member of the Society for Psychical Research, kindled his interest in the paranormal at an early age and he remembered reading the society’s journal when he was still a child, growing up (without a television) in rural Gloucestershire. From Cheltenham College he undertook National Service with the RAF, including a stint in Iraq, before going up to Pembroke College, Cambridge, where he read Modern Languages and played trombone in a jazz band. He became a freelance journalist and photographer, spending the years 1961 to 1975 in Brazil. There he worked for the American Chamber of Commerce, the press section of the US Agency for International Development in Rio de Janeiro, and the Associated Press news agency. It was in Brazil that Playfair first encountered the concept of psychic surgery. An initial session he attended, conducted by a psychic surgeon, Edivaldo Oliveira Silva, persuaded Playfair that Silva was, as he claimed, possessed by spirits and that his surgical and healing powers were genuine. He later claimed that a British psychic surgeon, Matthew Manning, cured him of a slipped disc. For the last two years of his time in South America, he lived in the Japanese quarter of São Paulo collecting material for the first of his 12 books. In The Unknown Power (first published as The Flying Cow in 1975), Playfair examined the case of the psychic surgeon as well as other Brazilian examples of the paranormal, and in The Indefinite Boundary (1976), reviewed evidence for the existence of psychic phenomena further afield. Returning to Britain, he joined the Society for Psychical Research for whom he investigated the Enfield haunting, one of several “official” cases that he was invited to work on. He was stung by a sceptical review of his book on the Enfield case in the Daily Telegraph, in which the novelist Francis King insisted that while some of the phenomena were genuine it was equally certain that many were not, a charge that Playfair complained was unfounded. As well as the Enfield case, Playfair’s research activities included collaborating with Montague Keen on the Jacqueline Poole murder case of 1983, which he was convinced contained evidence of post-mortem communication between the victim and a psychic medium. After his book on hypnotism, If This Be Magic, was published in 1985, Playfair collaborated with the spoon bender Uri Geller on The Geller Effect (1986). Ten of his books have been translated into 15 languages, and he remained involved in paranormal research into old age. In 1992 he was a consultant on the notorious television drama Ghostwatch, broadcast on Hallowe’en and set in a supposedly haunted north London council house with a sinister past. Because of its documentary style, many terrified viewers through it was real, with the BBC reportedly receiving 30,000 complaints in a single hour. In 2004 Playfair was elected to the council of the Society for Psychical Research, and he acted as a consultant for Sky Television’s miniseries The Enfield Haunting in 2015. Guy Lyon Playfair, born April 5 1935, died April 8 2018 GETTY IMAGES NORTH AMERICA Blind Paralympian who won Abstract artist who dazzled the viewer with her love of colour and the vibrancy of her brush strokes eight golds for Great Britain Matthews (r) competing in the 1,500 m event in Atlanta, Georgia R OB MATTHEWS, who has died from a brain tumour aged 56, was a blind middle and longdistance runner who defied his disability to win eight gold medals for Britain in seven Paralympic Games and break 22 world records; in 1986 he became the first blind runner to run the 800 m in under two minutes. He was born in Strood, Kent, on May 26 1961 with a degenerative eye condition, retinitis pigmentosa, inherited from his father. As a child he could not see in poor light, though the condition only started to affect him badly when he was 11. At 13 he was sent to a school for the partially sighted; at 15 he learnt Braille, and a year later he started at a college for the blind. “In my mind’s eye I can still see everything,” he wrote in a 2009 memoir, Running Blind. “Most of all, I remember clearly the face of a frightened 15-year-old staring back at me in the mirror. This is the last image I have of myself.” By 18 he had virtually no sight. After qualifying as a Braille typist he began to lead an independent life. When loneliness got to him, he started looking for a sport he could try, and found his niche on the athletics track. Matthews first competed at the Paralympics in 1984 at the Stoke Mandeville/New York Games, winning gold in the 800 m, 1,500 m, and 5,000 m events. He retained all three titles in Seoul four years later. In Barcelona in 1992 he again won the 5,000 m, taking silver in the 800 m and bronze in the 1,500 m. He took silver in the 1,500 m in Atlanta in 1996, and in Sydney in 2000 he took gold in the 10,000 m, coming from behind in the final leg, and silvers in the 5,000 m and the marathon. As a blind runner, Matthews employed the services of running guides – sighted runners linked to him by a short rope. Over the years he employed more than 100 guides – of variable quality: “The worst was a guy in England who was too hesitant and in the space of 100 m I fell off a kerb, hit a lamp post and bounced off a fence. I didn’t run with him again”. In 1987 Matthews became the first Paralympian to be appointed MBE, and in 1993 he moved to Leamington to work for the Guide Dogs for the Blind Association. The following year he married his first wife, Kath. In November 2003, however, as he was training for the 2004 Athens games, Kath died, aged 38, from a brain aneurysm. He was devastated but found that running helped him to cope. He dedicated his performance at the games to Kath, but sadly won no medals and decided to retire from the running track. Eighteen months after her death, on holiday in New Zealand he met Sarah Kerr, an interior designer from Auckland. Four months later he moved to New Zealand, where they married and had two children. He became a sports massage therapist and motivational speaker and changed sports to cycling, representing New Zealand in international tandem cycling and triathlons, winning a silver medal at the 2009 World Paralympic Triathlon Championships in Australia. He had been hoping to compete at the 2012 Paralympic Games in London. It was not to be, though he was listed as one of eight “iconic athletes” in the official guide to the games. Rob Matthews is survived by his wife and by their son and daughter. Rob Matthews, born May 26 1961, died April 11 2018 28 *** Friday 13 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph Television & radio Last night on television Gerard O’Donovan an n What to watch A lesson in how not to deal with Britain’s failing pupils about a family marooned in space when their ship runs into difficulty on their way to a new colony and crashes on an unknown and surprisingly hostile planet. There are plenty of thrills and impressive visual effects, and Toby Stephens and Molly Parker are excellent as the pioneering Robinson parents John and Judy, while Parker Posey is an enigmatic (and now female) Dr Smith. GO MasterChef: The Final BBC ONE, 8.30PM A W In the spotlight: high-achiever Holly took classmate Hollie under her wing ould children do better at school if their parents took a more active interest in their education? That, in essence, was the loaded question posed by Living with the Brainy Bunch (BBC Two), a not-so revelatory “experiment” to see if a few weeks living with A-graders and their families could improve the mindset of a couple of underperforming Year 11 students. We met 15-year-old Hollie, preparing for her GCSEs, who failed to get a C in any subject in her mock exams. The cameras zoomed in on her home life and a father saying: “We’re involved very little in Hollie’s education… You put your trust in the teacher to do the best job possible.” Then we were introduced to her fellow student Holly (described by her head teacher as “fantastic… your on the front-of-the-prospectus type child”). Holly’s home life was far more conducive to learning: timetables, activities, dinner-table fun taking turns naming Shakespeare’s plays. The same process was repeated on Jack, also 15, who had received three exclusions and 105 detentions in the previous year. (Cue Jack’s mother: “I work long hours… I don’t want to argue with Jack, I just want him to know he’s loved”). He was paired with his hard-working schoolmate Tharush who arrived in the UK a year ago from Italy and is already excelling, and whose mother didn’t hesitate to impose strict rules and structure. Did Hollie and Jack need help? Of course they did. Was singling them out – two students from a school of 800 – shining a spotlight on them and forcing them to spend an excruciating chunk of their GCSE year living with these shining examples of everything they were not, ever likely to provide that help? No, it was not. Six weeks and a host of predictable mini-dramas later, including tearful meltdowns, confidence collapses and late nights out without permission, it came as little surprise that no miraculous changes were wrought in either of them. There have been some top class education-based shows on TV recently, but this was not one of them. Perhaps the people behind it should be forced to spend the next few months at home with the makers of, say, Channel 4’s excellent Indian Summer School, and see how they like it. If the participants learned anything or took any positives away from this mostly painful experience, it was down to their own resilience in the face of such unnecessary pressure. nother show that could have done better was Urban Myths: Marilyn Monroe and Billy Wilder (Sky Arts). I like this portfolio series which casts a comic eye over well-known, if mostly apocryphal, tales from the lives of the famous. That the casts feature an impressive number of well-known faces is a big plus. But they tend to be hit and miss. This edition took on the hoary old tale that Marilyn Monroe was so off her face on pills and alcohol during the making of the 1959 comedy Some Like It Hot, that it took her 47 takes to nail a scene in which all she had to do was knock on a door and say: “It’s me, Sugar”. Much to the frustration of director Billy Wilder. In the hands of Gemma Arterton playing Monroe and James Purefoy as Wilder, we might have hoped for subtlety and sophistication. But all we got was predictability and slapstick. And misogynistic slapstick at that. No attempt was made to depict Monroe as anything other than the dumb sex-bomb blonde of cinematic lore. That the men in the piece were treated little better was no comfort. Wilder’s portrayal was a lazy caricature of the cigar-chewing European émigré director; Monroe’s playwright husband Arthur Miller (Dougray Scott) a prickly stuffed shirt; Tony Curtis (Alex Pettyfer) a cardboard-quality cad. Some of the macho jousting – everyone ribbing the self-important Miller that his plays were good but “short on laughs” – hit the mark. But not often enough. Overall the sense was of an opportunity missed. Might it not have been more amusing to see this fable through Monroe’s eyes, however bleary they were; or to wonder how she could have put in a performance of such scintillating comic precision despite being wasted all the time? In the end the only bright light was Adam Brody, who caught perfectly Jack Lemmon’s contribution to the art of drag. Other than that, the best thing about this was that it gave Sky Arts an excuse to show the film Some Like It Hot afterwards. Now that’s what you call a great comedy. Living with the Brainy Bunch ★★ Urban Myths: Marilyn Monroe and Billy Wilder ★★ It has taken 25 episodes over seven weeks to whittle down the 56 amateur contestants to three finalists, and in the process, MasterChef 2018 has produced some of the best cooking – and some of the toughest competition – in the series’ long history. (It has been running in one form or another since 1990; and since 2005 in, roughly, its current format with judges Gregg Wallace and John Torode presenting.) This last week has been no exception, with the finalists having to dig deeper than ever to produce the best dishes of their lives and some great moments – notably during the spectacular trip to South America when they met Peruvian superchef Gaston Acurio and took on a service at the fifth best restaurant in the world, the Central in Lima, under Michelinstarred maestro Virgilio Martínez Véliz. In the finale, it’s all about who cooks the best food, though, as the final three return to the studio kitchen to undergo a test of culinary skills and nerve as they set about creating the most The City & the City BBC TWO, 9.00PM; WALES, 9.30PM Cop thrillers don’t come much more weirdly dystopian than China Miéville’s award-winning 2009 novel about a conjoined pair of cities and this ultra-stylish adaptation serves its source material very well. In episode two, Inspector Tyador Borlú (David Morrissey) ventures back across the border to the sleek and affluent Ul Qoma while investigating the murder of a foreign student. But Detective Dhatt (Maria Schrader) stands firmly in his way. GO Finalists produce dishes for John Torode (above) & Gregg Wallace important three-course meal of their lives – in the hope of being judged worthy of a title Comedy that has launched many a great career: MasterChef champion. Gerard O’Donovan Current affairs Episodes Front Row Late BBC TWO, 10.00PM; WALES, 11.05PM BBC TWO, 11.05PM; WALES, 11.35PM Having overcome last week’s unfortunate episode in this sitcom, Matt (Matt LeBlanc) is back on top and leveraging a spurt in the ratings and his new-found celebrity for all it’s worth, handing Sean (Stephen Mangan) and Beverly (Tamsin Greig) a welcome opportunity for escape from the passive-aggressive Tim (Bruce Mackinnon). GO Freedom of speech and censorship are under the spotlight as host Mary Beard and guests discuss Theatre Clwyd’s production The Assassination of Katie Hopkins and former US Secretary of State Madeleine Albright’s new book Fascism: A Warning. GO Lee and Dean CHANNEL 4, 10.00PM More rough charm from the builders, as life gets Episodes: Matt LeBlanc complicated for Stevenage’s very own Dumb and Dumber when financial worries mount up on Lee (Miles Chapman). Meanwhile, Dean (Mark O’Sullivan) is persuaded to premiere his poetry at the local arts club. GO Drama Lost in Space NETFLIX, FROM TODAY Not so much a rerun as a spectacular new take on the classic Sixties sci-fi series Chef’s Table: Pastry Factual Chef ’s Table: Pastry NETFLIX, FROM TODAY This mouth-watering spin-off from Netflix’s popular global foodie series Chef’s Table puts the focus entirely on sweet stuff, talking the cameras inside the kitchens of some of the world’s best pastry chefs, among them Christina Tosi’s Milk Bar in New York, Corrado Assenza’s Caffé Sicilia in Noto, Sicily, Jordi Roca’s El Celler de Can Roca in Girona, and Will Goldfarb’s Room4Dessert in Bali. GO Radio choice Charlotte Runcie Podcast Radio Hour RADIO 4 EXTRA, 11.00AM Everyone’s a podcast addict now, and with the BBC having appointed its first Podcast Editor, the line between podcasting and traditional radio is becoming ever more blurred. Podcasts are often freer and more in-depth Radio 1 FM 97.6-99.8MHz 6.30 am The Radio 1 Breakfast Show with Nick Grimshaw 10.00 Clara Amfo 12.45 pm Newsbeat 1.00 Scott Mills 4.00 The Official Chart with MistaJam 5.45 Newsbeat 6.00 BBC Radio 1’s Dance Anthems with MistaJam 7.00 Annie Mac 9.00 Pete Tong 11.00 Danny Howard 1.00 am B.Traits 4.00 - 6.00am Radio 1’s Essential Mix Radio 2 FM 88-90.2MHz 6.30 9.30 12.00 2.00 5.00 7.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 am Fearne Cotton Trevor Nelson Jeremy Vine pm Steve Wright in the Afternoon Simon Mayo Tony Blackburn’s Golden Hour Friday Night Is Music Night Sounds of the 80s Anneka Rice: The Happening am Radio 2’s Funky Soul Playlist Radio 2 Playlist: New to 2 Radio 2 Playlist: 21st Century Songs - 6.00am Huey on Saturday Radio 3 FM 90.2-92.4MHz 6.30 am Breakfast 9.00 Essential Classics 12.00 Composer of the Week: Pachelbel 1.00 pm News 1.02 Radio 3 Lunchtime Concert. Sarah Walker introduces highlights from the Norfolk and Norwich Chamber Music series, featuring Beethoven and Dvorák 2.00 Afternoon Concert than radio, and with fewer restrictions comes an overwhelming array of content. Radio 4 Extra’s Podcast Radio Hour is, then, an essential bridge and a reliable pointer to what to download. Danish comedian Sofie Hagen this week talks to Imriel Morgan of the Wanna Be podcast about personal development. 4.30 5.00 7.00 7.30 10.00 10.45 11.00 1.00 BBC Young Musician 2018 In Tune In Tune Mixtape ◆ Radio 3 in Concert. See Radio choice The Verb The Essay: One Bar Electric Memoir Music Planet - 7.00am Through the Night Radio 4 FM 92.4-94.6MHz; LW 198kHz 6.00 am Today 9.00 The Reunion 9.45 FM: Book of the Week: Packing My Library 9.45 LW: Daily Service 10.00 Woman’s Hour 11.00 The Opt Out 11.30 When the Dog Dies 12.00 News 12.01 pm LW: Shipping Forecast 12.04 Home Front 12.15 You and Yours 12.56 Weather 1.00 The World at One 1.45 Chinese Characters 2.00 The Archers 2.15 Drama: The Deletion Committee 3.00 Gardeners’ Question Time 3.45 Short Works 4.00 Last Word 4.30 Feedback 4.55 The Listening Project 5.00 PM 5.54 LW: Shipping Forecast 5.57 Weather 6.00 Six O’Clock News 6.30 The News Quiz 7.00 The Archers 7.15 Front Row 7.45 How Does That Make You Feel? 8.00 Any Questions? 8.50 A Point of View 9.00 Home Front Omnibus 10.00 The World Tonight 10.45 Book at Bedtime: Rabbit Is Rich 11.00 Great Lives 11.30 Ramblings 11.55 The Listening Project 12.00 News and Weather Radio 3 in Concert RADIO 3, 7.30PM The familiar mingles with the new and ambitious in this Radio 3 in Concert to end the week, with performances of Elgar’s Selections from The Starlight Express and The Spirit of England alongside the London 12.30 am Book of the Week: Packing My Library 12.48 Shipping Forecast 1.00 As World Service 5.20 Shipping Forecast 5.30 News Briefing 5.43 Prayer for the Day 5.45 - 6.00am iPM Radio 5 Live MW 693 & 909kHz 6.00 10.00 1.00 2.00 4.00 7.00 9.30 10.00 1.00 5.00 5.30 am 5 Live Breakfast Chiles on Friday pm The Friday Sports Panel kermode and Mayo’s Film Review 5 Live Drive 5 Live Sport: The Friday Football Social. Darren Fletcher is joined by Jermaine Jenas to look ahead to the weekend’s football action. Plus, a review of the day’s other sports news At Home with Colin Murray Stephen Nolan am Up All Night Under the Weather - 9.00am Saturday Breakfast Classic FM FM 99.9-101.9MHz 6.00 9.00 1.00 5.00 7.00 8.00 am More Music Breakfast Nicholas Owen pm Anne-Marie Minhall Classic FM Drive Smooth Classics at Seven The Full Works Concert. Catherine Bott concludes Philharmonia Week with a complete performance of the Orchestra’s new recording of Rachmaninov’s Symphony No 2 10.00 Smooth Classics 1.00 am katie Breathwick 4.00 - 7.00am Jane Jones World Service DIGITAL ONLY 6.00am Newsday 8.30 Business Daily 8.50 Witness 9.00 The Real Story premiere of Raymond Yiu’s The World was Once All Miracle. The BBC Symphony Orchestra and Chorus are conducted by their returning hero and former chief conductor Sir Andrew Davis, a longtime favourite of the Last Night of the Proms, for a truly indulgent evening of fine music. 10.00 World Update 11.00 The Newsroom 11.30 World Football 12.00 News 12.06pm The 5th Floor 1.00 The Newsroom 1.30 Heart and Soul 2.00 Newshour 3.00 News 3.06 Tech Tent 3.30 World Business Report 4.00 BBC OS 6.00 News 6.06 The 5th Floor 7.00 The Newsroom 7.30 Sport Today 8.00 News 8.06 HARDtalk 8.30 CrowdScience 9.00 Newshour 10.00 News 10.06 Trending 10.30 World Football 11.00 News 11.06 The Newsroom 11.20 Sports News 11.30 World Business Report 12.00 News 12.06am The Real Story 1.00 News 1.06 Business Matters 2.00 News 2.06 The Newsroom 2.30 Heart and Soul 3.00 News 3.06 Global Business 3.30 The Cultural Frontline 4.06 The Real Story 5.00 News 5.06 The Newsroom 5.30 - 6.00am Boston Calling Radio 4 Extra DIGITAL ONLY 6.00am White Heat 6.30 Arthur Mee: Encyclopaedist 7.00 The Stanley Baxter Playhouse 7.30 The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy: Hexagonal Phase 8.00 I’m Sorry I’ll Read That Again 8.30 Brothers in Law 9.00 It’s Your Round 9.30 After Henry 10.00 Jude the Obscure 11.00 ◆ Podcast Radio Hour. See Radio choice 12.00 I’m Sorry I’ll Read That Again 12.30pm Brothers in Law 1.00 White Heat 1.30 Arthur Mee: Encyclopaedist 2.00 The Essex Serpent 2.15 Disability: A New History 2.30 Tristram Shandy 2.45 On Her Majesty’s Secret Service 3.00 Jude the Obscure 4.00 It’s Your Round 4.30 After Henry 5.00 The Stanley Baxter Playhouse 5.30 The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy: Hexagonal Phase 6.00 The Scarifyers: The king of Winter 6.30 Mastertapes 7.00 I’m Sorry I’ll Read That Again 7.30 Brothers in Law 8.00 White Heat 8.30 Arthur Mee: Encyclopaedist 9.00 Podcast Radio Hour. Sarah Wade and Sofie Hagen recommend their favourite podcasts 10.00 Comedy Club 12.00 The Scarifyers: The king of Winter 12.30am Mastertapes 1.00 White Heat 1.30 Arthur Mee: Encyclopaedist 2.00 The Essex Serpent 2.15 Disability: A New History 2.30 Tristram Shandy 2.45 On Her Majesty’s Secret Service 3.00 Jude the Obscure 4.00 It’s Your Round 4.30 After Henry 5.00 The Stanley Baxter Playhouse 5.30 6.00am The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy: Hexagonal Phase *** The Daily Telegraph Friday 13 April 2018 29 Today’s television FV Freeview FS Freesat (AD) Audio description (R) Repeat (S) Subtitles (SL) In-vision signing BBC Two ITV Channel 4 Channel 5 6.00 am Breakfast (S) 9.15 Commonwealth Games 2018. Live athletics, diving, hockey and rugby sevens on day nine (S) 1.00 pm BBC News at One; Weather (S) 1.30 Regional News; Weather (S) 1.45 Doctors (AD) (S) 2.15 800 Words (AD) (S) 3.00 Escape to the Country (AD) (S) 3.45 Money for Nothing (R) (S) 4.30 Flog It! (R) (S) 5.15 Pointless (S) 6.00 BBC News at Six; Weather (S) 6.30 Regional News; Weather (S) 6.00 am Commonwealth Games 2018. Day nine continues with live rugby sevens and lawn bowls (S) 9.15 Oxford Street Revealed (AD) (R) (S) 10.00 Homes Under the Hammer (R) (S) 11.00 Britain’s Home Truths (AD) (R) (S) 11.45 Dom on the Spot (S) 12.15 pm Bargain Hunt (AD) (R) (S) 1.00 Commonwealth Games 2018 (S) 5.15 Put Your Money Where Your Mouth Is (AD) (S) 6.00 Eggheads (S) 6.30 Today at the Games (S) 6.00 am Good Morning Britain (S) 8.30 Lorraine (S) 9.25 The Jeremy Kyle Show (R) (S) 10.30 This Morning (S) 12.30 pm Loose Women (S) 1.30 News; Weather (S) 1.55 Regional News; Weather (S) 2.00 ITV Racing: Grand National Festival Live coverage of five races from Aintree (S) 5.00 The Chase (S) 6.00 Regional News; Weather (S) 6.30 News; Weather (S) 6.00 am Countdown (R) (S) 6.45 3rd Rock from the Sun (AD) (R) (S) 7.10 3rd Rock from the Sun (AD) (R) (S) 7.35 Everybody Loves Raymond (R) (S) 8.00 Everybody Loves Raymond (R) (S) 8.30 Frasier (R) (S) 9.00 Frasier (R) (S) 9.35 Frasier (R) (S) 10.05 Ramsay’s Hotel Hell (AD) (R) (S) 11.00 Undercover Boss USA (R) (S) 12.00 Channel 4 News (S) 12.05 pm Come Dine with Me (R) (S) 1.05 Posh Pawnbrokers (R) (S) 2.10 Countdown (S) 3.00 A Place in the Sun: Winter Sun (R) (S) 4.00 Escape to the Chateau: DIY (AD) (S) 5.00 Four in a Bed (R) (S) 5.30 Star Boot Sale (S) 6.00 The Simpsons (AD) (R) (S) 6.30 Hollyoaks (AD) (R) (S) 6.00 am Milkshake! 9.15 The Wright Stuff 11.15 Can’t Pay? 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Last in the series See What to watch (AD) (S) 8.00 Love Your Garden A couple who founded a charity to support bereaved families (AD) (S) 9.00 The City & the City Borlu suspects a nationalist group of involvement in Mahalia’s death See What to watch (AD) (S) 9.00 Lethal Weapon A secret about Riggs’ deceased wife is revealed when he visits his father-in-law in prison (AD) (S) 10.00 BBC News at Ten (S) 10.25 Regional News; Weather (S) 10.35 The Graham Norton Show With guests Dwayne Johnson, Naomie Harris and Roger Daltrey (S) 11.25 Wannabe 11.50 Commonwealth Games 2018. Live athletics, hockey, road cycling and rugby sevens on day 10 3.30- 6.00am Commonwealth Games 2018. Further live coverage of athletics, hockey and road cycling on day 10 10.00 Episodes Matt tries to secure confirmation of a new series See What to watch (AD) (S) 10.30 Newsnight (S) 11.05 Front Row Late See What to watch 11.35 The Assassination of Gianni Versace: American Crime Story 12.30am Sign Zone: Civilisations 1.30 Sign Zone: Picasso’s Last Stand 2.30 Sign Zone: The Assassination of Gianni Versace: American Crime Story 3.30 - 6.00am News 10.00 News; Weather (S) 10.30 Regional News; Weather (S) 10.45 FILM: Invictus (2009) Fact-based drama starring Morgan Freeman See Film choice (AD) (S) S4C Variations 6.00am Cyw 12.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 12.05pm Genod y Carnifal 12.30 Band Cymru 2018 1.30 Llys Nini 2.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 2.05 Prynhawn Da 3.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 3.05 Pengelli 3.30 Dei a Tom 4.00 Awr Fawr 5.00 Stwnsh 6.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 6.05 Celwydd Noeth 6.30 Garddio a Mwy 7.00 Heno 8.00 Pobol y Cwm 8.25 Codi Hwyl 9.00 Newyddion 9 a’r Tywydd 9.30 Galw Nain Nain Nain 10.05 Bocsio 10.35 - 11.40pm Parch Northern Ireland BBC One: No variations BBC Two: 6.30pm Your Home in Their Hands 7.30 Ulster Rugby Live 9.30 - 10.30 The City & the City 11.05 Episodes 11.35 12.05am Front Row Late 1.15 am Jackpot247 3.00 Take on the Twisters 3.50 - 6.00am ITV Nightscreen 7.00 pm World News Today 7.30 BBC Young Musician 2018 9.00 Nat King Cole: Afraid of the Dark 10.30 Joy of the Guitar Riff 11.30 Rollermania: Britain’s Biggest Boy Band 12.30 am Cilla at the BBC 1.30 Totally British: ‘70s Rock ’n’ Roll 2.30 - 4.00am Nat King Cole: Afraid of the Dark ITV3 FV 10 FS 115 SKY 119 VIRGIN 117 10.20 12.35 1.35 2.40 3.15 3.50 4.20 4.55 5.25 5.55 7.00 8.00 10.00 11.05 12.05 1.55 2.50 3.40 ITV2 10.20am The Bachelor 12.15pm Emmerdale 1.15 You’ve Been Framed! Gold 1.45 The Ellen DeGeneres Show 2.35 The Jeremy Kyle Show 4.50 Judge Rinder 5.50 Take Me Out 7.00 You’ve Been Framed! Gold 8.00 Two and a Half Men 9.00 FILM: American Pie 2 (2001) Comedy sequel starring Jason Biggs 11.05 Family Guy 12.05am American Dad! 1.05 Two and a Half Men 1.55 Totally Bonkers Guinness World Records 2.20-5.50am Teleshopping E4 Noon The Goldbergs 1.00pm The Big Bang Theory 2.00 How I Met Your Mother 3.00 New Girl 4.00 Brooklyn Nine-Nine 5.00 The Goldbergs 6.00 The Big Bang Theory 7.00 Hollyoaks 7.30 Extreme Cake Makers 8.00 The Big Bang Theory 9.00 FILM: GI Joe: Retaliation (2013) Action adventure sequel starring Dwayne Johnson 11.10 The Big Bang Theory 12.05am First Dates 1.10 Tattoo Fixers 2.20 Gogglebox 3.10-4.05am Rude Tube More4 11.35am Four in a Bed 2.10pm Come Dine with Me 4.50 A Place in the Sun: Summer Sun 5.55 Kirstie and Phil’s Love It or List It 6.55 The Secret Life of the am Inspector Morse pm The Royal Heartbeat Classic Coronation Street Classic Coronation Street On the Buses On the Buses You’re Only Young Twice Rising Damp Heartbeat Murder, She Wrote Agatha Christie’s Marple The Syndicate Killer Women with Piers Morgan am Vera The Zoo Million Dollar Princesses - 4.05am On the Buses Zoo 7.55 Grand Designs 9.00 Rough Justice 10.00 24 Hours in A&E 12.10am Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA 1.10 24 Hours in A&E 3.15-3.55am 8 Out of 10 Cats: More Best Bits Dave Noon American Pickers 1.00pm Top Gear 3.00 Sin City Motors 4.00 Steve Austin’s Broken Skull Challenge 5.00 Top Gear 7.00 QI XL 8.00 Into the Fire 9.00 Fawlty Towers 11.00 Have I Got a Bit More News for You 12.00 QI 1.15am Mock the Week 1.55 QI 3.15-4.00am Parks and Recreation Sky Sports Main Event 11.00am Live European Tour Golf. The Open de Espana 1.00pm Live PGA Tour Golf. The RBC Heritage 3.00 Live Indian Premier League. Royal Challengers Bangalore v Kings XI Punjab 7.00 Live EFL. Aston Villa v Leeds United (Kick-off 7.45pm). All the action from the Championship fixture at Villa Park, where the hosts will continue their efforts to earn promotion to the Premier League 10.15 The Debate. Discussion on the latest Premier League news 11.15 PL Greatest Games 11.30 Premier League Preview 12.00 Sky Sports News 2.00am Formula 1 3.45-5.15am Live Formula 1. The third practice session for the Chinese Grand Prix SKY CINEMA PREMIERE, 8.00PM ★★★★★ The latest film in the Alien saga from Ridley Scott is arguably a mad scientist movie. It follows the crew of the colony ship Covenant (including Katherine Waterson) as they discover what they think is an uncharted paradise, but what they uncover a threat beyond their imagination. Michael Fassbender puts in a spectacular turn as kindly robot David and his twisted “brother” Walter. Invictus (2009) ITV, 10.45PM ★★★★ 8.00 I Don’t Like Mondays Alan Carr hosts the comedy game show with guest Jonathan Ross (S) 8.00 Springtime on the Farm Updates from all of the stories covered earlier in the week. Last in the series (S) 9.00 Gogglebox The households’ opinions on recent TV (AD) (S) 9.00 Jane McDonald: My Life Story Profile of the singer (S) 10.00 Lee and Dean The builders carry out their first ever job for a gay couple See What to watch (AD) (S) 10.35 8 Out of 10 Cats (R) (S) 11.20 Rob Beckett’s Playing for Time 11.50 Rude Tube 12.50am FILM: Oldboy (2013) 2.35 Kiss Me First 3.30 Building the Dream 4.25 The Question Jury 5.20 Steph and Dom’s One Star to Five Star 5.45 - 6.15am Steph and Dom’s One Star to Five Star Following the death of Nelson Mandela’s ex-wife Winnie last week, aged 81, here’s Clint Eastwood’s take on South Africa’s World Cup victory in 1995. As the country emerges from apartheid, the newly elected President Mandela (an uncanny Morgan Freeman) sees the potential for the national rugby team, led by François Pienaar (Matt Damon), to be a catalyst for harmony. This is a polished and uplifting film. 10.00 Will & Grace Jack suffers a crisis of faith after he breaks up with Drew (S) 10.30 Will & Grace Last in the series (S) 11.05 Greatest Ever Celebrity Wind Ups 12.00 SuperCasino 3.10am GPs: Behind Closed Doors 4.00 The Great Yorkshire Bridge 4.45 House Doctor 5.10 Divine Designs 5.35 6.00am Wildlife SOS Monty Python Live at the Hollywood Bowl (1982) GOLD, 1.40AM ★★★★ UTV: 8.00 - 8.30pm UTV Life 1.15am Teleshopping 2.45 3.00am ITV Nightscreen Scotland BBC One: No variations BBC Two: No variations STV: 2.00 - 5.00pm Racing on STV: Grand National Festival 8.00 8.30 Peter & Roughie’s Friday Football Show 1.15 - 2.15am Teleshopping 3.15 Tenable 4.05 The Jeremy Kyle Show 5.00 - 6.00am Teleshopping Wales BBC One: No variations BBC Two: 7.30pm Scrum V Live 9.30 10.30 The City & the City 11.05 Episodes 11.35 Front Row Late 12.10 - 12.30am Coast Much like The Secret Policeman’s Ball, this comedy performance film sees the Monty Python gang take to the stage, but this time they’re in Hollywood. Among the sketches are the Silly Olympics, where athletes compete in absurd sports, The Lumberjack Song, and The Ministry of Silly Walks. This film also features Carol Cleveland in numerous supporting roles. ITV Wales: 6.00 - 6.30pm ITV News Wales at Six 8.00 - 8.30pm Velindre: Hospital of Hope ITV Regions No variations, except: ITV Channel: 1.15 - 3.00am ITV Nightscreen FV Freeview FS Freesat (AD) Audio description (R) Repeat (S) Subtitles (SL) In-vision signing Freeview, satellite and cable BBC Four 7.00 The Gadget Show A family find out how easy their gadgets are to hack (S) 7.00 Channel 4 News (S) 8.30 Coronation Street Simon is accused of stealing Toyah’s cash (AD) (S) 9.30 Have I Got News for You Hosted by Victoria Coren Mitchell (S) FV 9 FS 107 SKY 116 VIRGIN 107 Jane McDonald: My Life Story 7.30 Coronation Street Eva reaches a big decision about the baby (AD) (S) 8.00 Gardeners’ World Monty Don beefs up his borders by dividing perennials (S) 8.00 EastEnders (AD) (S) I Don’t Like Mondays Alien: Covenant (2017) KEITH BERNSTEIN BBC One Film choice GETTY Main channels ITV4 FV 24 FS 117 SKY 120 VIRGIN 118 11.50 12.50 1.55 2.55 4.00 5.00 6.10 7.05 8.00 9.00 10.00 12.00 1.00 2.00 2.50 3.00 am The Avengers pm Ironside Quincy ME Minder The Saint The Avengers Storage Wars: Texas Pawn Stars The Virtual Grand National 2018 Car Crash Britain: Caught on Camera FILM: Rambo: First Blood Part II (1985) The Americans am Minder Fifth Gear ITV4 Nightscreen - 6.00am Teleshopping Sky Sports Premier League Noon Premier League Match Pack 12.30pm PL Greatest Games 1.00 Football Centre 5.00 Premier League Match Pack 5.30 Premier League Today 7.00 Premier League Match Pack 7.30 Premier League Preview 8.00 PL Prediction Show 8.30 Premier League Preview 9.00 Premier League Today 9.30 PL Prediction Show 10.00 PL Greatest Games 10.15 The Debate 11.15 PL Greatest Games 11.30 Premier League Preview 12.00 PL Prediction Show 12.30am Premier League Match Pack 1.00 The Debate 2.00 Premier League Preview 2.30 PL Greatest Games 3.004.00am The Debate BT Sport 1 10.00am Live WTA Tennis. The quarterfinals of the Samsung Open in Lugano, Switzerland 4.00pm Total Italian Football 4.30 Live WTA Tennis. The quarter-finals of the Samsung Open in Lugano, Switzerland 6.30 Rugby Tonight On Tour 7.00 Live Aviva Premiership Rugby Union. Newcastle Falcons v Sale Sharks 10.00 Premier League Preview 10.30 Premier League Match Pack 11.00 Premier League World 11.30 Total Italian Football 12.00 Uefa Champions League Magazine 12.30am Formula E 1.00-4.00am ESPN Classic Boxing Sky One SKY 106 VIRGIN 110 Noon 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 6.00 6.30 8.30 9.00 10.00 12.00 1.00 1.30 2.20 3.10 NCIS: Los Angeles pm Hawaii Five-0 Hawaii Five-0 NCIS: Los Angeles Stargate SG-1 The Simpsons Futurama The Simpsons Modern Family Karl Pilkington: The Moaning of Life Sky Sports’ Funniest Moments: Best Bits A League of Their Own am In the Long Run Brit Cops: War on Crime NCIS: Los Angeles - 4.00am NCIS: Los Angeles History Noon Hitler’s Circle of Evil 1.00pm Pawn Stars 2.00 American Pickers 3.00 Counting Cars 4.00 Storage Wars 5.00 Forged in Fire 7.00 American Pickers 8.00 Counting Cars 9.00 Hitler’s Circle of Evil 10.00 D-Day: Lost Films 12.00 Ice Lake Warriors 1.00am Counting Cars 2.00 Homicide Hunter 3.00-4.00am Ancient Aliens Sky Arts Noon The Sixties 1.00pm Discovering: Max von Sydow 2.00 Watercolour Challenge 2.30 Landscape Artist of the Year 2015 3.30 Tales of the Unexpected 4.00 Trailblazers: Acid House 5.00 The Sixties 6.00 Discovering: Julie Andrews 7.00 Johnny Cash: Song by Song 7.30 Dolly Parton: Song by Song 8.00 Video Killed the Radio Star 8.30 Discovering: Foo Fighters 9.00 The Nineties 10.00 Foo Fighters: Austin City Limits 11.15 Brian Johnson’s A Life on the Road 12.15am Classic Albums 1.15 Pearl Jam: Let’s Play Two 3.30-4.30am The Summer of Love Sky Cinema Premiere 24 hours, including at: 4.15pm Maudie (2016) Romantic drama starring Sally Hawkins 6.20 The Emoji Movie (2017) Animated adventure, Sky Atlantic SKY 108 Noon 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.10 11.10 12.10 1.20 2.35 3.10 Film4 FV 15 FS 300 SKY 315 VIRGIN 428 House pm Without a Trace Blue Bloods The West Wing The West Wing House House CSI: Crime Scene Investigation Blue Bloods Game of Thrones Game of Thrones Game of Thrones am The Sopranos The Sopranos Crashing - 4.10am Without a Trace featuring the voice of TJ Miller 8.00 Alien: Covenant (2017) Premiere. Sci-fi thriller starring Katherine Waterston See Film choice 10.10 The Hurricane Heist (2018) Action thriller starring Toby Kebbell 12.00 Wilson (2017) Comedy drama starring Woody Harrelson 1.40am Shin Godzilla (2016) Fantasy adventure starring Hiroki Hasegawa 3.45-5.30am The Free World (2016) Drama starring Elisabeth Moss PBS America 11.55am Jazz 1.15pm The Crusaders’ Lost Fort 2.15 Lusitania: 18 Minutes That Changed World War One 3.20 The Mystery of the Black Death 4.25 Jazz 5.40 The Crusaders’ Lost Fort 6.40 Lusitania: 18 Minutes That Changed World War One 7.55 The Search for Alfred the Great 9.10 Dam Busters: The Race to Smash the German Dams 10.20 Jazz 11.35 The Search for Alfred the Great 12.40am Dam Busters: The Race to Smash the German Dams 2.006.00am Teleshopping TCM 24 hours, including at: 4.40pm Heaven with a Gun (1969) Western with Glenn Ford 6.45 The Goonies (1985) Children’s adventure starring Sean Astin 9.00 The Shining (1980) Stanley Kubrick’s horror, based 11.00 am A Monster in Paris (2011) Animated comedy 12.45 pm The SpongeBob Movie: Sponge Out of Water (2015) 2.30 How to Train Your Dragon (2010) Animated fantasy 4.20 Tooth Fairy (2010) 6.25 X-Men 2 (2003) Superhero adventure sequel 9.00 X-Men: The Last Stand (2006) Superhero adventure sequel starring Hugh Jackman 11.05 My Entire High School Sinking into the Sea (2016) 12.35 am Bad Teacher (2011) Comedy woth Cameron Diaz 2.25 - 4.00am The Sitter (2011) Comedy starring Jonah Hill on the Stephen King novel, starring Jack Nicholson and Shelley Duvall 11.25 The Amityville Horror (1979) Supernatural horror starring James Brolin 1.50am Conspiracy Theory with Jesse Ventura 3.30-6.05am Hollywood’s Best Film Directors GOLD 11.20am You Rang, M’Lord? 12.20pm The Green Green Grass 1.00 As Time Goes By 1.40 Dad’s Army 2.20 Only Fools and Horses 3.00 Last of the Summer Wine 5.00 The Green Green Grass 5.20 As Time Goes By 6.20 Dad’s Army 7.00 You Rang, M’Lord? 8.00 Dad’s Army 8.40 Only Fools and Horses 9.20 The Vicar of Dibley 10.40 Mrs Brown’s Boys 11.20 Bridget & Eamon 11.55 Smack the Pony 12.30am Nathan Barley 1.40 FILM: Monty Python Live at the Hollywood Bowl (1982) Comedy starring John Cleese See Film choice 3.05 Bridget & Eamon 3.35-4.00am Smack the Pony Vintage TV 11.00am Friday I’m In Love 1.00pm My Mixtape 2.00 Stop ‘70s 5.00 Tune In… To 1985 6.00 Tune In… To 1987 7.00 Tune In… To 1978 8.00 Europop Party 9.00 Take A Chance On Dance 10.00 Rock Out With The Brits 11.00 Power To The People 12.00-6.00am All Back To Our Place 30 *** Friday 13 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph Weather and crosswords Nature notes Duck driven close to extinction A once-common duck is now rarer than the giant panda, figures have revealed. The critically endangered Baer’s pochard population is now estimated to be less than 1,000, making it one of the rarest species in the world. In the wild, numbers are even lower – thought to be between 250 and 999, compared to 1,864 giant pandas. Once prevalent across central and south-east Asia, Baer’s pochard numbers suffered a serious decline from what are suspected to be major changes to wetland habitat. The most important known site for the ducks is now Hengshui Lake, 150 miles south-west of Beijing – one of the largest cities in the world. Though several species of birds have become extinct in recent years, the Baer’s pochard is the first species established across a major continent to become critically endangered. Samantha Herbert Our puzzle website Enjoy your favourite Telegraph puzzles with our website. Visit puzzles.telegraph.co.uk Prize puzzles: You can win puzzles added weekly cash prizes with our exclusive Leaderboard: Play online crosswords interactively for points, and Your profile: Create compare your score on the a Nickname and add a photo leaderboard Puzzle archive: More than Print and play: Print 5,000 puzzles from Crosswords puzzles to complete at your to Sudoku. Plus over 50 new leisure The Daily Telegraph published by Telegraph Media Group Ltd, 111 Buckingham Palace Road, London SW1W 0DT. Tel: 020 7931 2000 Printed at Newsprinters (Broxbourne) Ltd, Great Cambridge Road, Waltham Cross, Hertfordshire EN8 8DY; Newsprinters (Knowsley) Ltd, Kitling Road, Prescot, Merseyside L34 9HN; Newsprinters (Eurocentral) Ltd, Byramsmuir Road, Holytown, Motherwell; and Independent News and Media, Unit 5 Springhill Road, Carnbane Industrial Estate, Newry, County Down, Northern Ireland BT35 6EF. Registered as a Newspaper at the Post Office. Newspapers Support Recycling. 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