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The Daily Telegraph - April 13, 2018

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FINAL
Friday 13 April 2018
telegraph.co.uk
No 50,666 £ 1.80
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B R I TA I N ’ S B E S T - S E L L I N G Q U A L I T Y D A I LY
news
Russia consulted as
Syria air strikes loom
Planned air strikes on Syria are being
co-ordinated with Russia, it has
emerged, as Theresa May reassured
her Cabinet that any military response
to last week’s chemical attack will not
escalate into war. The US has identified
eight potential targets, it was reported
last night, as the Kremlin claimed a
secure hotline for the US and Russia to
communicate over their operations in
Syria was “active”. The strikes come in
response to last Saturday’s attack on
Douma, the last rebel-held town in
Eastern Ghouta.
Page 4
news
‘Sandwich’ generation
bankrolling families
A “club sandwich” generation of
pensioners is bankrolling their
families to the tune of £4,000 a year,
research has found. The study found
that those retiring this year are
supporting an average of three family
members. People in their 40s and 50s
have been described as a “sandwich
generation” who must support their
children buy a house and their parents
pay for social care. But research claims
that today’s retirees face pressures
from an extra group – grandchildren.
Page 10
features
Judith Woods
Why divorce
shouldn’t
mean a meal
ticket for life
Page 19
sport
Arsenal through to
Europa semi-finals
Arsenal made it through to the
semi-finals of the Europa League last
night after surviving a scare. The
Premier League side held a 4-1 first-leg
advantage over CSKA Moscow, but fell
two goals behind before Danny
Wellbeck scored in the 75th minute. A
late penalty sealed their passage.
Sport, pages 4&5
Puzzles
Obituaries
TV listings
Weather
ISSN-0307-1235
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25
29
30
Hunt admits
breaking
rules over
luxury flats
By Anna Mikhailova
Political correSPondent
JEREMY HUNT breached anti-money
laundering legislation brought in by
his own government when he set up a
company to buy seven luxury flats, The
Daily Telegraph can disclose.
The Health Secretary, who has a personal fortune of more than £14 million,
initially failed to declare his 50 per cent
interest in the firm to Companies
House – a criminal offence punishable
by a fine or up to two years in prison.
Mr Hunt also failed to disclose his interest in the property firm on the parliamentary register of members’
interests within the required 28 days.
He later corrected the errors. Last
night he apologised after accepting the
mistakes were “his responsibility”.
Mr Hunt retains the backing of Theresa May, after the Cabinet Office ruled
he did not breach the Ministerial Code
of Conduct, but he could still face investigation by the Commons committee on standards and privileges.
A Downing Street spokesman said:
“Jeremy has rightly apologised for an
administrative oversight, and as the
Cabinet Office has made clear there has
been no breach of the Ministerial Code.
We consider the matter closed.”
A former MPs watchdog said that if
he did not “face consequences” it could
create a “perception of double standards” that ministers were not held to
account in the same way as the public.
Sir Alistair Graham, the former
chairman of the committee on standards in public life, said: “It is a very
poor show when ministers, who you
expect to take leadership in standards
and public life, do not meet the rules
they are required to meet. If there has
been a failure of leadership, there
should be a political price for it.” If Mr
Hunt did not face consequences for errors made in Companies House records, this could suggest “one rule for
the political elite and another rule for
the rest of the population or the business sector,” Sir Alistair said.
Mr Hunt’s breaches relate to seven
flats he bought with mortgages in the
Ocean Village complex in Southampton on Feb 7. They were bought 13
months after it was reported that he
made £14.5 million from the sale of
Hotcourses, an education listing firm.
The mortgages were issued by a private bank to Mare Pond Properties
Limited, a company set up by Mr Hunt
and Lucia Guo, his wife. Ms Guo was
the only person named in the registration documents filed at Companies
House when the company was incorporated in September 2017.
Mr Hunt appears to have breached
the Companies Act on two counts.
Firstly, he should have declared to
Companies House that he was a “Person with Significant Control” (PSC)
within 28 days of registering the company, but did not do so for six months.
Legislation drafted in 2015 and made
law a year later made this compulsory
for anyone with more than 25 per cent
of shares or voting rights in a company.
The law was a central part of the Tories’
plan to tackle money laundering. Failure to comply is a criminal offence under the Companies Act, punishable by a
fine or up to two years in prison.
The second breach relates to the fact
that the September 2017 registration
document was incorrect in its omission
of Mr Hunt, a criminal offence under
another section of the Companies Act.
His parliamentary rule breach relates to the Code of Conduct for
Continued on Page 2
Last of the lion tamers banned from the circus
JANE HILTON FOR TELEGRAPH MAGAZINE
NEWS BRIEFING
Britain’s last lion tamer has been banned from the circus ring. Thomas Chipperfield, the 28-year-old scion of a circus family, was
denied a licence by Defra “because of his previous conduct” as an operator of a travelling circus. Mr Chipperfield, from Winchester,
had an appeal turned down but is planning a further attempt to keep his act going. He said he had “consistently acted in good faith”
on advice given by the licensing panel. The Government plans to ban wild animals in circuses in England by January 2020.
EU turns blind eye to Russia’s gas bullying
By Ambrose Evans-Pritchard
VLADIMIR PUTIN’S stranglehold
over European gas supplies has been
laid bare by explosive EU documents,
exposing deliberate violations of EU
law and a pattern of political bullying
over many years.
The longest investigation in EU history found that the Kremlin-controlled
energy giant Gazprom has used its
enormous power to pressure vulnerable states in Eastern Europe and fragment the EU’s energy market with
coercive pricing policies.
The document leaves no doubt that
Germany has been enjoying a sweetheart deal with Gazprom, gaining a
competitive advantage in gas costs at
the expense of fellow EU economies
and leaving front-line states at the
mercy of Moscow’s strong-arm tactics.
A leaked document from the European Commission paints an extraordinary picture of predatory behaviour,
with Gazprom acting as an enforcement arm of Russian foreign policy.
Bulgaria was treated almost like a colony, while Poland was forced to pay
exorbitant prices for imported flows of
pipeline gas from Siberia.
The stash of files slipped to MEPs imply that Brussels learnt the full truth
but is nevertheless turning a blind eye
as it prepares to reach an understanding with Moscow, disregarding fundamental principles of EU law.
“This is a very big deal. What the
documents show is that there was systematic abuse of dominant position,
and that it was clearly done for political
purposes,” said Prof Alan Riley, an
expert on EU energy law at the Atlantic
Council, a US think tank. “Gazprom
was splitting the European energy
market at every point. And now the
Commission is minded to do a deal that
treats the East Europeans as if they
were not member states at all.”
The competition commissioner,
Margrethe Vestager, has pursued an
aggressive campaign against US technology companies such as Google and
Apple, openly vilifying the Silicon Valley leaders as a threat to European
democracy. Critics say the double
standards over Gazprom suggest that
the Commission has succumbed to
“regulatory capture” or other forms of
Continued on Page 2
Danger of six glasses of wine
By Sarah Knapton Science editor
DRINKING six glasses of wine a week is
too much, a study has said, despite
guidelines suggesting it is a safe limit.
Research from the University of Cambridge and the British Heart Foundation, published in The Lancet, which
looked at 600,000 drinkers across the
world, found that drinking more could
knock two years off a person’s lifespan.
The study suggests the upper safe
limit of drinking is the equivalent of just
over five pints of beer, or five 175ml
glasses of wine. The Government recommends both men and women drink
no more than 14 units each week. Prof
David Spiegelhalter, from Cambridge,
said it appeared as if each unit above
guidelines took about 15 minutes of life.
‘Oh, all right. Just a
week’s worth for me’
2
**
Friday 13 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
News
Old bangers
keep on rolling
as drivers refuse
to trade them in
By Jack Maidment
POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT
The average age of a car on Britain’s
roads is at its highest level since the
turn of the millennium.
Last year, the figure for cars and vans
was 8.1 years, which is believed to be
the first time that it has risen above
eight since at least 2000.
Statistics published by the Department for Transport showed that petrol
cars were generally older, with an average of 9.1 years compared with 6.6 years
for diesel cars.
The data also showed that approximately 17 per cent of cars were more
than 13 years old. Analysis carried out
by The Times suggested that the proportion of such older vehicles had almost tripled over the last 20 years.
Meanwhile, there were 3.1 million
vehicles registered for the first time
during 2017, which was about six
per cent fewer than during the previous year and the first decrease in
the number of new registrations since
2011.
The ageing profile of the car fleet
and the drop in new car registrations
suggests that motorists are opting to
hang on to older vehicles for longer.
The Government has admitted that
the drop in registrations might be due
“in part” to a change in the amount of
Vehicle Excise Duty on newly registered cars which came into effect in
April last year.
The change made the first and sub-
NEWS BULLETIN
Labour MP: May must say
sorry to Commonwealth
Emily Thornberry, the shadow foreign
secretary, has called on Theresa May
to apologise to the Commonwealth for
historical wrongdoing by Britain.
Ahead of the Commonwealth Heads
of Government Meeting in London
next week, Ms Thornberry urged the
Prime Minister to “say sorry to the
other heads of government” for the
Tory party’s refusal to impose
sanctions on South Africa during
Apartheid in the Eighties.
She also called on Mrs May to say
sorry to the Chagos Islands and its
people, where families were forced to
leave in the Sixties and Seventies by
Britain so a US airbase could be
installed.
sequent years of tax more expensive
for low-emission, non-electric cars.
The drop in new car registrations
has been blamed on a fall in the number of new diesel vehicles registered in
2017, which was down 17 per cent compared with 2016.
However, there was a significant increase in the number of ultra low emission vehicles (ULEV) registered as
motorists increasingly sought more environmentally friendly cars.
During 2017 more than 53,000 new
ULEVs were registered, an increase of
27 per cent on 2016.
Jack Cousens, head of roads policy
for the AA, said that the “continued
demonisation of diesel has contributed
to the reduction of new vehicle sales”
with motorists agonising over what
fuel type to buy next.
He said: “Clearly some are putting
their faith in pure electric vehicles,
which have increased by almost a third
over the last 12 months.
“This is a positive sign, but more
must be done to encourage the uptake
of electric vehicles, with more charging points being installed across the
country.
“However, the changes in Vehicle
Excise Duty announced in 2015, which
are now in place, have meant that some
gas-guzzling vehicles are cheaper to
run than they once were.”
At the end of 2017 the total number
of licensed vehicles on the road was
37.7 million, a 1.3 per cent increase
compared to 2016.
EU dashes Davis’s plan
for pre-Brexit trade talks
The EU has quashed David Davis’s
hopes of agreeing a detailed outline of
the future UK-EU trade agreement
before the Brexit deadline expires.
“There will be no negotiation
strands, no ‘hundreds’ of British
negotiators,” one EU diplomat said,
referring to the Brexit Secretary’s plan
for expansive pre-Brexit talks. “Trade
negotiations will not start properly
until after 29 March 2019. We must get
the fundamentals right,” they said.
EU-27 diplomats were yesterday told
Brexit negotiations were deadlocked
over how to avoid a hard border in
Ireland. The EU still believes this will
be impossible without the UK joining
some form of EU customs union.
Oxford professor ‘did a
Weinstein’, says author
By Katie Morley
A MAN put off by the cost of a rail fare
bought a car and drove from London to
Bristol for less than he would have paid
to take the train.
Tom Church spent £80 on a secondhand car, £81.38 on road tax, £20.43 on
insurance for a day and £25 on petrol – a
total of £206.81 for the 120-mile drive.
He found the car, a 1997 Honda Civic
with 135,000 miles on the clock, online.
Whereas peak-time return train tickets between London and Bristol cost
between £210 and £218.10. He said:
“The total cost was less than one train
ticket. And I still have a car at the end of
it. Yes, it is still expensive but the point
is to show how mad train ticket prices
are. Sometimes you have to think outside of the box to save money.
“I’ll be the first to admit this isn’t the
cheapest method. You can book tickets
in advance and off-peak for less. You
may be able to use a railcard or you
could get a coach. But for those of us
who aren’t able to, why do the train
companies insist on ripping us off?”
PAUL GROVER FOR THE TELEGRAPH
Man buys second-hand car to
beat price of return train ticket
Agony and ecstasy It’s not just another day at the races – it’s the opening day of Aintree’s
Grand National meeting. The big race is tomorrow, but there was lots of action yesterday,
including Guy Disney making history as the first amputee jockey to ride over the fences.
Germany’s sweetheart
deal for Russian gas
Continued from Page 1
pressure, and has become ideologically
unhinged. The key report, called a
“Statement of Objectives”, is a confidential indictment by the competition
directorate. It was drawn up in 2015
after four years of investigation.
It said Gazprom had infringed multiple EU laws and had engaged in “abusive behaviour”, charging “unfair
prices” and leveraging its “dominant
position”. The Commission called for
fines of up to 30 per cent of relevant
sales. “The Commission considers that
the infringement has been committed
intentionally. Gazprom is fully aware of
the illegal nature of at least some of the
various contractual and non-contractual measures,” it said.
Gazprom was charging Poland $350
per 1,000 cubic metres of gas, compared with $200 further down the
Yamal pipeline in Germany. The apparent reason was to punish Poland for refusing to cede control over that section
of the infrastructure to the Russians.
Germany’s privileged price may help
explain why it has been the chief champion of Gazprom’s interests in Brussels.
The episode risks mushrooming into
a major Brussels scandal. Polish politicians say Germany has used its enormous influence to suppress the full
findings of the inquiry and to push for a
friendly settlement with Gazprom.
“What we’re told is that the Commission wants an amicable settlement and
has already decided to do this deal. It is
disloyal and Poland is one of the victims, but not the only one,” said Jacek
Saryusz-Wolski, a leading Polish MEP.
At the time of the inquiry Russia had
a near monopoly across the old Warsaw
Pact region, accounting for over two
thirds of natural gas supply to several
countries. Its three sets of pipelines
provided 64 per cent of EU gas imports,
though the advent of liquefied natural
gas and the construction of LNG terminals in Poland and Lithuania has reduced this dependency slightly.
Gazprom controls the metering, the
storage points and imposes clauses to
stop “reverse flows” of gas from West
to East, leaving the more vulnerable
states at the mercy of a Kremlin squeeze.
Gazprom stopped Poland obtaining
emergency supplies of gas from Western wholesalers in 2009.
Bulgaria is particularly isolated with
no links to neighbouring gas networks.
The document said the country was the
victim of “exploitative abuse”. Most of
the details were blacked out but there
have been allegations of intimidation
and blackmail in Eastern Europe’s press.
In the Baltic states, gas prices differed from country to country, seeming to reflect shifts in policy towards
Russia by respective governments.
Gazprom has modified some policies
but much remains unchanged. “Despite
various requests by Gazprom’s customers to remove the restrictions, also in
view of their illegality under EU competition rules, Gazprom did not agree
to or ignored such requests,” it said.
One of the leaked document reveals
the Commission’s view on Gazprom’s
offer of a settlement. It said the proposal would allow the company to
“continue its pricing policy” and that it
did not prevent other abuses from reoccurring. It admitted that acceptance
of the offer by the EU would “be seen as
failure to exercise the EU law enforcement powers”, yet this appears to be
exactly what was being planned.
Health Secretary says rule
breaches are ‘honest mistake’
Continued from Page 1
MPs. All MPs must register any shareholding greater than 15 per cent in any
company within 28 days. Mr Hunt took
nearly five months to do so. He declared his co-ownership alongside the
purchase of the flats in the Register of
MPs’ Interests on March 7.
Mr Hunt told The Daily Telegraph the
breaches were an “honest mistake” by
his accountant and that he had corrected the Companies House listing.
His spokesman added: “Although
there was no personal gain involved,
Jeremy accepts these mistakes are his
responsibility and has apologised to
the parliamentary authorities.”
Referring to the Companies Act
breaches, the spokesman said: “This
was an honest mistake by Jeremy’s accountant, which was rectified as soon
as it was brought to their attention.”
Dr Alex May, an academic, spotted
the omission in the Companies House
filing and contacted Mr Hunt’s office.
His email, dated March 28, received no
reply but a day later, Mr Hunt was
listed as a “Person with Significant
Control”, backdating his role to Sept 19,
the day the firm was incorporated.
The governing body of St Hugh’s
College, Oxford, has commissioned an
investigation into the behaviour of a
professor who died last year and who
has since been accused of “doing a
Weinstein”. Mel McGrath, 54, an
author, said that Prof David Robertson
had “an uncanny knack for scheduling
a shower, at whatever time of day, just
before I arrived. He’d open the door, as
if innocently, dressed in his bathrobe
and, one time, in a tiny towel . . . David
sat opposite [me], half-naked and
manspreading, often smelling of
alcohol and sipping from a mug of
what was never tea or coffee.” St
Hugh’s confirmed the investigation,
but refused to comment further.
Helicopter drug baron
landed £7m of cocaine
A Belgian drug baron who landed a
helicopter at luxury country hotels to
smuggle £7m worth of cocaine into
the UK is facing jail.
Frederic Fagnoul, 50, modified a
helicopter with a secret compartment
to stash large quantities of the narcotic.
Members of the cartel also used a
Nissan Qashqai with a secret
compartment to transport the stock
from the helipads to dealers in
London, Liverpool and Birmingham.
Fagnoul faces years in jail after
admitting conspiracy to import
cocaine at Southwark Crown Court.
Marc Charlier, 53, the pilot, was
cleared of involvement after insisting
he had no knowledge of the cargo.
Stephen Lawrence
suspect to repay £6,000
A former suspect in the murder of
Stephen Lawrence will repay just
£6,000 reaped from a £750,000 drug
plot despite being the “man at the top”
of the criminal scheme, a court heard
yesterday.
Neil Acourt was jailed for six years
and three months last February for
conspiracy to supply Class B drugs
during a two-year conspiracy.
Acourt, 42, was brought from prison
for a confiscation hearing at Kingston
Crown Court yesterday.
He was said to have £6,000 of
realisable assets to his name and was
told to repay that sum under the
Proceeds of Crime Act, along with a
victim surcharge of £120.
Number of student
suicides rises by 56pc
The number of university students
taking their own lives has overtaken
the rate of suicide among the general
population for the first time. Research
by the Centre for Suicide Research and
Prevention found that the rate had
risen by 56 per cent between 2007 and
2016 to 10.3 deaths per 100,000
students. The number of female
students taking their own lives rose
from 22 in 2012 to 51 in 2016.
Sir Anthony Seldon, vice-chancellor
of the University of Buckingham and
a campaigner on student wellbeing,
told the BBC that “better tutoring and
early warning, more peer to peer
support” would improve wellbeing
and reduce risk.
is a member of the
Independent
Press Standards
Organisation (IPSO) and we subscribe
to its Editors’ Code of Practice. If you
have a complaint about editorial
content, please visit www.telegraph.
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‘Editorial Complaints’ at our postal
address (see below). If you are not
satisfied with our response, you may
appeal to IPSO at www.ipso.co.uk.
The Daily Telegraph, 111 Buckingham
Palace Road, London, SW1W 0DT
***
The Daily Telegraph Friday 13 April 2018
News
Judge halts trial of artist
accused of embarrassing
former lover after using
his photo in a project
By Helena Horton
AN ART student who included a photograph of a former boyfriend’s naked
torso in a university project was arrested and charged with making “revenge porn”.
Lauren Smith, 26, included a
cropped photograph of the man’s torso
in a piece of artwork, which was
awarded a first and was published on
her artwork Facebook page but none of
her personal social media accounts.
The student at the University of Lincoln was charged with disclosing a private, sexual photograph with intent to
cause distress, the charge commonly
known as “revenge porn”, after her former boyfriend claimed to have identified himself and was “embarrassed”.
The original image had been “topped
and tailed” to edit out the head and
genitals, but the complainant said that
he could identify himself. The artist
made no reference to the subject of the
image, which was included alongside
other pictures, a court was told.
Ms Smith denied the charge, alleged
to have been committed between May
and September last year, and she had
been due to stand trial at Maidstone
Crown Court in Kent yesterday. Before
a jury was sworn in, the judge said he
had “real misgivings” about the prosecution’s arguments. He highlighted the
purpose of the law, which was introduced to tackle the increasing numbers
of incidents in which sexually explicit
images or videos are uploaded to the internet to humiliate an individual.
Judge Philip St John-Stevens questioned whether there was any intent or
distress caused. The judge said that Ms
Smith’s case had to be viewed in context. “It’s an image within a number of
Lauren Smith posted
a cropped
photograph of her
former boyfriend’s
torso on her artwork
Facebook page
images in a piece of artwork submitted
to university and marked for its artistic
merit,” he said.
“What is the evidence that the
cropped image is of the person the
Crown purport it to be? Even if that individual is correct in his belief that it is
him, the image has specifically had the
head removed and edited and the genitalia edited.
“Nowhere in the artwork does it refer to him or that it was him. If he believes it is him, it is not an offence if it’s
only him that thinks it was him. How
does anyone else know it is?”
He also said that distress could be
caused only if the subject was identifiable by others. “This image has had
everything done to it to ensure the
identity of the person isn’t revealed.
Anyone looking at this could not identify the person in that photograph,” the
judge said.
Oliver Dunkin, prosecuting, decided
not to submit any evidence and told the
court: “We were all in agreement that
now we have consideration of the art
project and looking at the case properly in the round, we cannot put this
forward to a jury.”
The judge entered a formal not
guilty verdict and awarded Ms Smith
travel costs of £240.50.
Speaking after the hearing, Ms
Smith, from Gainsborough, welcomed
revenge porn legislation but said that
she had not committed such an offence. “I am glad the offence is there
because people do do that… But I was
just making art and this case is not
what the offence is there for.”
An offence of revenge porn carries a
maximum prison sentence of two years
in England and Wales, and five years in
Scotland. It is described as “the sharing
of private, sexual materials, either photos or videos, of another person without their consent and with the purpose
of causing embarrassment or distress”.
The legislation covers images showing sexual activity, or with genitals,
buttocks or breasts exposed or covered
only by underwear. Both sharing the
material and posting it online is an
offence.
Forget Old Masters, new
trend in art is prehistoric
By Henry Samuel in Paris
‘Dinosaurs have
become cool, trendy
– real objects of
decoration’
by wealthy collectors or museums in Europe or America.
Scars from battle or disease
can raise prices.
The pair were bought by
an online overseas buyer,
the Drouot auction house
said. “It shows the interest of
a new generation of fans
both for the Jurassic era and
the tools of the 21st century,”
said Iacopo Briano, a fossil
sales expert.
He hailed the “exceptional” sale prices, although
neither was a record. The nationality of Wednesday’s
buyer was not revealed but
auctioneers have noted a
surge in interest in China.
“Dinosaurs have become
cool, trendy – real objects of
decoration, like paintings,”
Mr Briano told AFP. He cited
Leonardo DiCaprio and
Nicolas Cage, the Hollywood
actors, as fans of enormous
prehistoric ornaments.
In 1997, McDonald’s and
Walt Disney were among donors who raised $8.36 million (£5.8 million) to buy Sue
– the most complete and best
preserved Tyrannosaurus
rex ever unearthed – for the
Field Museum of Natural
History in Chicago.
AFP/GETTY IMAGES
TWO dinosaur skeletons
marketed more as trendy design objects than prehistoric
fossils have sold for almost
€3 million (£2.6 million) at
auction in Paris.
A diplodocus – a huge herbivore measuring 40ft (12m)
from nose to tail – fetched
€1.44 million (£1.3 million),
compared with €1.41 million
for a carnivorous allosaurus
with “60 sharpened teeth”, a
mere 12.5ft (3.8m) in length.
Both roamed the Earth
around 150 million years ago,
in the late Jurassic period.
Sixty per cent intact, the
allosaurus had been expected to fetch up to
€650,000 (£560,000). It
lived in an area in what is today North America and Europe. A North American
dweller, the diplodocus had
been estimated at up to
€500,000 (£430,000).
Only a handful of dinosaur
skeletons are auctioned off
around the world per year
and are mostly snapped up
The two dinosaur skeletons – a diplodocus, back, and an allosaurus – were sold to the same buyer
Legal fees cap to cut
bogus holiday claims
HOLIDAYMAKERS
who
make false sickness claims
will find it tougher to bring
cases after the Government
announced that legal costs
would be capped for the
first time.
The travel industry said
that the number of false
claims had risen by 500 per
cent since 2013 to 35,000 a
year.
A legal loophole means
that there are no limits to legal costs in travel claims,
meaning that companies
face huge costs if they lose.
Many travel operators settle out of court rather than
challenge claims because
they fear that they will be hit
with enormous legal bills.
The Government is now
bringing the claims within
the “fixed recoverable costs
regime”, which provides limits for legal costs.
Rory Stewart, the justice
minister, said: “Claiming
compensation for being sick
on holiday, when you
haven’t been, is fraud. This
damages the travel industry
and risks driving up costs for
holidaymakers.”
Last
month
Chelsea
35,000
The number of bogus claims
made per year against travel
companies by holidaymakers
Devine, 21 and Jamie Melling, 22, were ordered to pay
£15,000 to the travel company Tui after they falsely
claimed that they had fallen
ill while on holiday in Spain.
Photographs of them posing
by the pool, which they had
posted online, proved that
they had not.
Bake Off
judge’s rolls
are ‘illegal’
PAUL HOLLYWOOD has
been accused of breaking
the law after he advertised
sausage rolls “by the inch” at
his trendy London bakery.
Customers were left bemused after Hollywood’s
Knead outlet at Euston Station advertised items in imperial measures.
A sign read: “Melt in the
mouth sausage roll. Buy by
the inch.” But some questioned whether it was legal.
Paul Reynolds said: “Nice
idea and they look delicious,
but pretty sure that is illegal.” Another said: “Red
Alert: Paul Hollywood is illegally peddling sausage rolls
in imperial measures.”
The Weights and Measures Act states that imperial
measures can go alongside
metric ones, but mustn’t
stand out more.
Representatives for Hollywood declined to comment.
STEWART TURKINGTON/PA
Student’s ex-boyfriend
claims artwork of his
torso is ‘revenge porn’
Having a ball The Queen expressed surprise at the lightness of a ball used by pensioners for
a ‘bikini body-ready’ workout as she visited the King George VI Day Centre, Windsor, to mark
its 60th anniversary and the 70th anniversary of Windsor Old People’s Welfare Association.
3
4
**
Friday 13 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
News
Allies ‘will run Syria air strikes past Russia’
Kremlin says it has a
hotline with West as May
and her Cabinet agree to
join international response
By Gordon Rayner, POLITICAL EDITOR,
Ben Riley-Smith, US EDITOR
and Alec Luhn in Moscow
PLANNED air strikes on Syria are being
co-ordinated with Russia, it has
emerged, as Theresa May reassured
her Cabinet that any military response
to last week’s chemical attack will not
escalate into war.
The US has identified eight potential
targets in Syria, it was reported last
night, as the Kremlin claimed a secure
hotline for the US and Russia to communicate over their operations in Syria was
“active” and being used by both sides.
Vladimir Putin, the Russian president, expects allied forces to reveal the
location of the targets in advance, to
avoid bloodshed and restrict damage to
legitimate military assets.
According to reports in the US, the
targets selected include two Syrian air-
fields, a research centre and a chemical
weapons facility. The strikes would be
in response to last Saturday’s attack on
Douma, the last rebel-held town in
Eastern Ghouta, where Syrian government forces raised their flag yesterday,
taking full control in a major victory for
Bashar al-Assad, the president.
The dialogue between Washington
and Moscow is understood to have enabled the Prime Minister to assure her
Cabinet that adequate plans are now in
place to restrict the fallout from any
British participation in military strikes
on Syria. During a two-hour emer-
gency Cabinet meeting yesterday, Mrs
May secured the backing of ministers
to join an international response “to
deter the further use of chemical weapons by the Assad regime”, Downing
Street said.
In America, Donald Trump chaired a
meeting of the National Security Council yesterday. As it ended, the White
House said that “no final decision has
been made” over Syria.
The Prime Minister spoke to Mr
Trump last night after his meeting.
A Downing Street spokesman said:
“They agreed it was vital that the use of
chemical weapons did not go unchallenged, and on the need to deter the
further use of chemical weapons by the
Assad regime. They agreed to keep
working closely together on the international response.”
David Davis, the Brexit Secretary,
who voted against military action in
Syria in 2013, signalled before the Cabinet meeting that Mrs May had satisfied
him adequate planning had been carried out. The Cabinet also agreed on
“the need to take action to alleviate humanitarian distress”, helping make the
legal case for taking military action
May can take
military action
without first
asking MPs
Stealthily does it
Some of the UK’s
first F-35B
Lightnings were
seen refuelling
from an RAF
Voyager over
Charleston on the
east coast of the
United States.
Royal Navy and
RAF pilots are
currently training
at Marine Corps Air
Station Beaufort in
South Carolina.
This week they met
an RAF Voyager
from 10 Squadron,
RAF Brize Norton
to practise day and
night air-to-air
refuelling. This
successful practice
comes ahead of the
transatlantic
crossing that the
stealth jets will
make this summer
as 617 Squadron
returns to the UK
and its new home
at RAF Marham in
Norfolk.
Analysiss
By Daniel Capurro
KEN PIKE/MINISTRY OF DEFENCE
C
onstitutionally speaking, there is
no need for the Prime Minister
to seek permission from
Parliament to take military action. The
Cabinet serves at Her Majesty’s
pleasure and exercises executive
power on her behalf. That includes
launching military action and
declaring war. This is known as the
“royal prerogative”.
But of course, Parliament has had a
role in the past. While Britain does not
have a codified constitution, there is
still a careful balance of powers. If the
Cabinet were to act willy-nilly then
Parliament would have something to
say about it, and Parliament is ultimately sovereign.
During the twentieth century, the
extent to which any government consulted Parliament to’d and fro’d. What
never took place was a vote by MPs to
authorise military action before it was
launched.
That changed in 2003 with the second Iraq war, when Tony Blair chose
to put the decision to Parliament.
Still, that government held out that a
convention had not been created. Blair
also told a Commons committee in
2006: “I cannot conceive of a situation in which a government … is going
to go to war except in circumstances
where militarily for the security of the
country it needs to act immediately
without a full parliamentary debate.”
The Cabinet Manual was amended
to acknowledge “that a convention had
developed in Parliament that before
troops were committed the House of
Commons should have an opportunity
to debate the matter”, unless “there
was an emergency”.
For the Libya intervention in 2011
Parliament was asked to vote on the
intervention after it had begun. The
real turning point was in August 2013,
when the government suffered a
defeat over plans to bomb the Syrian
regime in retaliation for a chemical
weapons attack. For many MPs, this
was a clear statement by Parliament of
its sovereignty and of the existence of
a convention.
So does the PM have to consult
Parliament first? Not quite. First, what
constitutes an “emergency” is almost
impossible to define. Second, it is still
just a convention with no legal standing. In fact, the Government could, in
theory, simply ignore a vote by Parliament against military action, because
of the royal prerogative. If Parliament
really wants to tie the Government’s
hands then it needs to place the convention on the statute books.
Mrs May will probably get away
with not consulting Parliament this
time. She will eventually have to make
a statement to the House and seek its
permission for any prolonged engagement. Otherwise, she will find herself
in deep constitutional water.
without the backing of the UN. The US
is moving 10 warships and two submarines into position armed with up to
700 Tomahawk cruise missiles, while
Theresa May has ordered at least one
British submarine to the area with a capability to fire up to 38 Tomahawks
against regime targets.
Jeremy Corbyn, the Labour leader,
insisted yesterday that Parliament
must be “consulted”. He said: “Surely
the lessons of Iraq, the lessons that
came there from the Chilcot report, are
that there has to be a proper process of
consultation.”
GCHQ will crack Kremlin’s cyber attacks in Aid minister says taxpayers
the same way it thwarted Isil, says director should see how cash is spent
By Harry Yorke
POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT
THE intelligence services can “degrade” the Kremlin’s cyber capabilities
in the same way they dismantled Isil’s
online propaganda machine, the director of GCHQ has said.
Jeremy Fleming said that the surveillance agency’s expertise has never
been in greater demand in the wake of
the Salisbury attack.
Speaking at a cyber security conference in Manchester yesterday, the former MI5 officer likened Russia’s
growing list of “reckless” transgres-
sions to the Islamist terror group, adding that the agency stood ready to deal
with both state and non-state actors.
In the same way that GCHQ helped
“systemically and persistently” thwart
Isil’s online network, Mr Fleming said
the agency was testing its cyber defences in a manner similar to the emergency services preparing for a crisis.
“The Russian government is widely
using its cyber capability. They’re not
playing to the same rules,” he said.
“They’re blurring the boundaries between criminal and state activity… To
stay ahead, to match the pace of technological change, we are investing in
deploying our own cyber tool kit. It’s
one that combines offensive and defensive cyber capabilities, to make the UK
harder to attack, better organised to
respond when we are, and able to push
back if we must.”
It comes a day after GCHQ announced the creation of a new base in
Manchester, which Mr Fleming said
would ensure the agency is able to
draw on a “huge new pool of talented,
tech-savvy recruits” to work alongside
other intelligence agencies to defeat
terrorism, organised crime and a growing pool of cyber hackers plotting attacks against the UK.
By Jack Maidment
POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT
The public should be able to see in real
time what international aid is spent on
and how effective it is, the International Development Secretary has said.
Penny Mordaunt admitted that there
was a “lack of trust” over the way
money was being spent after a sex
abuse and harassment scandal. The
public had the right to know “what,
where, how and why” money was allocated and if it achieved desired results.
She also said that the Government
would try to spend more of the aid
budget through its own departments
rather than giving it to charities.
Her remarks came after it emerged
that the foreign aid budget, which is set
on the basis of a target worth 0.7 per
cent of GDP, had risen to almost
£14 billion.
Ms Mordaunt used a speech in London to signal a crackdown on questionable payments. “We won’t fund
governments who can afford to, yet
choose not to, invest in their own people,” she said. “We will not fund projects that would happen without us. Or
spend money that could be better
spent otherwise.”
Moscow ‘must answer’ as weapons watchdog backs UK
By Steven Swinford
and Jack Maidment
BORIS JOHNSON demanded answers
from Russia after an international
watchdog confirmed Sergei Skripal
and his daughter Yulia were poisoned
with a “high purity” strain of the Novichok nerve agent.
The Organisation for the Prohibition
of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) backed
British findings that a military-grade
nerve agent had been used in the poisoning of the Skripals in Salisbury. It
represents a significant boost to Theresa May, who has said that Russia was
directly responsible for the attack.
Mr Johnson said that only Russia had
the “means, motive and record” to have
carried out the attack.
He said: “There can be no doubt
what was used and there remains no
alternative explanation about who was
responsible. We will now work tirelessly with our partners to help stamp
out the grotesque use of weapons of
this kind. The Kremlin must give answers. We must, as a world community,
stand up for the rules-based order
which keeps us all safe. The use of
weapons of this kind can never be justified, and must be ended.”
The OPCW conducted tests on blood
samples from the Skripals and Det Sgt
Nick Bailey, who was poisoned after
going to their aid, and an analysis of
samples found in Salisbury.
Its report stated: “The results of
analysis of biomedical samples ... demonstrate the exposure of the three hospitalised individuals to this toxic
chemical. The results of the analysis of
environmental and biomedical samples collected by the OPCW team
confirm the findings of the United
Kingdom relating to the identity of the
toxic chemical that was used in Salisbury...”
The watchdog noted that the toxic
chemical was of “high purity” with a
“complete absence of all impurities”.
Britain has now called a session of
the executive council of the OPCW
next week to “discuss next steps”.
Mr Johnson said that Britain had
asked the OPCW to publish its findings
because “unlike the Russians, we have
nothing to hide”.
u Jeremy Corbyn yesterday faced repeated questions from a sixth former
over his refusal to blame Vladimir Putin for the Salisbury attack. Unsatisfied
with the Labour leader’s answers, the
student, from Littleover Community
School in Derby, asked: “You don’t
think it’s Putin?”.
Mr Corbyn responded: “I don’t say it
is or isn’t. I say an investigation must
take place so the finger of blame can be
pointed with evidence behind it.”
**
The Daily Telegraph Friday 13 April 2018
News
Feminist told to refer to
person accused of
attacking her at gender
recognition rally as woman
By Victoria Ward
A RADICAL feminist was yesterday
warned by a judge to refer to the
transgender defendant as a “she” during an assault case.
Maria Maclachlan, 61, was giving evidence against Tara Wolf, 26, whom
she claims tried to attack her at a rally,
knocking her to the floor.
She told Hendon magistrates’ court:
“A hooded figure suddenly ran at me,
ran past me from left to right, knocking
the camera from my hand.
“They swatted it. Although it was
knocked out of my hand it was caught
by the strap so it didn’t hit the ground,
which I thought was the intention.”
District Judge Kenneth Grant
warned Ms MacLachlan to refer to Miss
Wolf as “she” while giving evidence.
He said: “The defendant wished to be
referred to as a woman, so perhaps you
could refer to her as ‘she’ for the purpose of the proceedings.” Ms MacLachlan, replied: “I’m used to thinking of
this person who is a male as male.”
The brawl took place in September
at Speakers’ Corner in Hyde Park,
ahead of a gender recognition talk. The
meeting had been scheduled for a community centre in New Cross, southeast London, but the venue cancelled it
citing safety concerns.
The event was arranged by a panel of
Trans-Exclusionary Radical Feminists
(Terfs), who believe that transwomen
should not be given the same rights as
Maria Maclachlan,
61, above, is alleged
to have been
assaulted by Tara
Wolf, 26, right, at
Speakers’ Corner
ahead of a gender
recognition talk
those born female. Around 80 had gathered in the park when Ms MacLachlan,
who describes herself as a “gender critical feminist,” was allegedly punched.
She was filming a group who were
chanting “When Terfs attack, we strike
back” and claimed she simply thought
she might get some “amusing footage”.
Ms Maclachlan has admitted that following the event she sent out a tweet
featuring a close-up of the defendant’s
face with the words: “Hiya, got any hair
restorer while I’m in hiding? Love Tara.”
Miss Wolf, who faces one charge of
assault by beating, admitted being involved in the fracas but insists she was
acting in self-defence. She said Ms
Is there a boy who’d like
to be our carnival queen?
The Whitstable Carnival trophy
awaits contenders’ applications
came forward to enter so a
court could not be made”.
The competition, which
in the past has been entered
by up to 50 would-be carnival queens aged between 13
and 16 – and their two accompanying “princesses” –
is now urging boys to apply
to become carnival kings at
the rescheduled event.
Carol Simmons, the secretary of Whitstable Carnival
Association, said: “It’s always just been girls in the
past – we’ve never had boys
before. Mainly because boys
might not want to sit on a
float and wave at the people
of Whitstable. We’re happy
to accept boys as contestants
too. The problem is that lots
of people think it’s a beauty
contest, which it definitely
is not.”
Not everyone was as enthusiastic about the competition. Morag Warren wrote:
“I wouldn’t want my daughter going for this … makes
me a bit squeamish.
“A beauty parade for 13-16year-old girls? The carnival
could and should be brilliant
without this relic. Quite
chuffed that Whitstable parents have rejected this.”
Margaret Maggie Honey
wrote: “This idea of being
princesses is outdated, rejuvenate carnival for the 21st
century.”
ALAN DAVIDSON/AJDIMAGESLTD
IT SEEMS that the reign of
the carnival queen is finally
over after an “outdated”
competition designed to
crown the next monarch of a
Kent seaside town failed to
attract a single entrant.
The organisers of the
Whitstable Carnival said that
no girls turned up to the carnival court selection at
Whitstable Castle last Sunday. The job of a carnival
queen is to represent the
town for a year and participate in local events and
fund-raisers.
However, after the noshow
the
competition,
which has been held every
year since 1897, has announced it will break with
tradition and accept applications from boys.
A spokesman who posted
a statement on Facebook explained that as “no girls
All that jazz Cuba Gooding Jr, third from right, has won plaudits
as Billy Flynn in a revival of Chicago, at London’s Phoenix Theatre.
Councils plot ‘pay as
you throw’ bin fees
By Katie Morley
HOUSEHOLDERS could be
charged for the amount of
rubbish they put in the bin
under “pay as you throw”
proposals that would see
those who threw away the
most paying bigger bills.
The idea has been put forward by the Local Authority
Recycling Advisory Committee (LARAC), which represents about two thirds of
councils. The idea has been
described as “ridiculous” by
critics, who said that it could
lead to a rise in fly-tipping
and councils wasting resources spying on people.
LARAC said that “pay as
you throw” charges could be
minimised if manufacturers
and supermarkets, which
are responsible for packaging, were forced to pay more
for refuse services.
Tony Blair floated the idea
and millions of bins were fitted with chips, but the policy
was abandoned.
John O’Connell, chief executive of the TaxPayers’ Alliance, said: “You can
guarantee that when bureaucrats cook up a scheme
to charge residents for a service, they aren’t thinking
about cutting their council
tax to match. Hard-pressed
families will resent paying
extra for an army of bin
snoopers telling people
what to do.”
Netflix killing
cinema-going,
says Mirren
DAME Helen Mirren has hit
out at Netflix for the “devastating” effect it has had on
her director husband because, she says, it ruined the
cinema-going experience.
The Oscar-winning actress, 72, said media giants
like the streaming service
did not give viewers the
“communal experience” of
seeing films in cinemas.
“It’s devastating for people like my husband, film directors, because they want
their movies to be watched
in a cinema with a group of
people,” she told the i newspaper.
Mirren’s husband is the
Devil’s Advocate director
Taylor Hackford.
Maclachlan was shaking her partner
“like a rag doll” when she struck her.
She described the event as a hate rally
and said the fight broke out because she
feared Ms MacLachlan planned to out
her as transgender online. “Terfs have a
history of taking people’s pictures and
posting them in pages like GenderIdentityWatch.com, a database that makes
us a target for the far-Right,” she said.
The two factions have repeatedly
clashed over the issue of men who selfidentify as female, are allowed in
women-only spaces and take on roles
reserved for women.
The group of radical feminists, including Ms Maclachlan, had gathered
to discuss changes to the Gender Identity Act which will make it easier for
people to define their gender themselves. Transgender activists were
holding a counter demonstration when
the two groups clashed.
Ms Maclachlan argued that she was
not even aware the group were trans,
saying she thought they were all male.
“They were not easily perceived as
trans. I don’t mind going through them
face by face if you want to argue the
toss,” she said. “When I started filming I
didn’t have any particular intention of
what I might do with the footage. I
might have shown it to my husband, I
might have posted it on my Facebook
page, or I might have uploaded it on my
blog.” She denied she was trying to
make the protesters feel “scared, uncomfortable or unsafe”.
Miss Wolf admitted posting on Facebook ahead of the event: “I wanna f--up some terfs. They’re no better than
fash (fascists).” She claimed she made
the comment out of bravado and
wanted to protest peacefully.
The trial is due to last two days.
JULIAN SIMMONDS FOR THE TELEGRAPH
Transgender defendant
must be ‘she’, rules judge
5
6
***
Friday 13 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Bomber Command memorial
RAF’s huge
sacrifice laid
bare at new
memorial
to the fallen
Geoffrey Towers,
93, from Pontefract,
a former Halifax
rear gunner, at the
International
Bomber Command
Centre’s Wall of
Names
JOHN ROBERTSON FOR THE TELEGRAPH
‘We want
our visitors
to come here
and
understand
the strength
of the stories,
so they are
stirred into
thinking
about the
rawness of
war these
men faced
every day’
Last veterans
gather to
remember their
lost friends
By Patrick Sawer and
Victoria Panton-Bacon
FOR decades they were
denied the same level of
recognition as their
comrades in defeating Nazi
Germany, their actions
regarded as an embarrassing
blemish on British conduct
during the war.
The deaths of thousands
of German civilians during
the bombing of cities such
as Dresden and Cologne
even led some veterans of
Bomber Command to hide
their part in the Allies’
victory over Hitler.
But more than 70 years on
the sacrifices made by those
men in defence of their
country have finally been
recognised with the
opening of the International
Bomber Command Centre
(IBCC), allowing men like
Geoffrey Towers to pay his
personal respects to his
fallen comrades.
Yesterday Mr Towers, 93,
a former Halifax gunner and
member of 158 Squadron,
scanned the memorial wall
at the centre, in Lincoln, and
placed a poppy near the
name of Cyril Sibley, his
friend and comrade, who
was shot down then killed in
captivity in 1944.
Mr Sibley was one of
57,861 members of Bomber
Command and its ground
crew, including women of
the WAAF, killed during the
Second World War, the
highest casualty rate of any
unit. By 1943 the aircrews
– some barely out of their
teens – had just a one-infour chance of surviving 30
missions. Only the infantry
in the trenches of the First
World War had a similarly
high fatality rate.
So it was fitting that the
centrepiece of the IBCC,
opened yesterday in the
presence of 300 veterans, is
a spire reaching 102 feet
towards the sky, its height
representing the wingspan
of a Lancaster bomber.
Beneath it is the Wall of
Names listing all the men of
Bomber Command who
paid the ultimate price,
alongside a Peace Garden.
“The spire is particularly
poignant,” said Ronald
Houghton DFC, a former
Australian Halifax pilot. “It
reminds me of the spire of
Lincoln Cathedral which so
often guided us home.”
Mulling over the losses on
both sides in the battle for
aerial and territorial
supremacy he added: “War
was simply nasty. I will
never forget bringing down
a German Messerschmitt
109. It came up beside us,
and within 30 seconds we
had released all of our eight
bombs, and down he went.
“We had to, if we hadn’t,
it would have been us.”
Such was the sense of
embarrassment surrounding
the civilian toll inflicted by
the bombing raids on
Germany – estimates range
from 305,000 to 600,000
dead – that at the end of the
war Winston Churchill
distanced himself from
Bomber Command’s
contribution to victory.
Ironically, this
embarrassment also led to
an overshadowing of the
humanitarian role played by
the unit during the terrible
winter and spring of 1945,
when thousands of Dutch
civilians were saved from
starvation by food parcels
dropped from the air during
Operation Manna.
John Ottowell, a navigator
on Lancasters, said: “It is
really important to
remember this – we saved
so many lives because
people in northern Holland
especially were dying of
hunger. It was a difficult
operation because we had to
fly very low, and slowly, but
it had to be done. We had to
feed the people.”
It took until 2012 for the
men to receive a campaign
honour. About 10,000
surviving Bomber
Command veterans were
given the award, bringing
them into line with those of
Fighter Command.
Among those at
yesterday’s opening
ceremony was 93-year old
Len Manning, who was just
19 when he served as a rear
gunner on a Lancaster in
57 Squadron. His plane was
shot down by a German
night-fighter over northern
France on his third mission,
targeting a railway goods
yard. “I was burnt and the
parachute was burning. I
finished up with the
Resistance for three months
A poppy placed by Geoffrey
Towers at the name of Cyril
Sibley, a friend killed in 1944
until I was liberated by the
Americans, having had lots
of skirmishes,” he said.
Rear Gunner Fred Hooker
recalled the terror of bailing
out of a burning Halifax
over Munster, Germany, in
September 1944.
“Suddenly, I was sitting in
my turret in fresh air. There
was no perspex around me
and my Browning guns
were trailing over the rear
turret. I remember
disconnecting my oxygen so
I could get out and crawl to
the cockpit,” he said. “I
think I had been knocked
out by an exploding shell
until the air brought me
round. I stepped into the
fuselage into a mass of
flames towards the rear of
the aircraft and picked up
my burning parachute.
“I bailed out. The next
thing I remember was
floating down to earth,
rather too quickly,
wondering what on earth
was going to happen.”
These and other stories
are now being told at the
IBCC, where a digital
archive centre has been
created, holding records of
more than 900 oral veteran
testimonies – in addition to
hundreds of documents,
photographs, letters and
other items such as log and
operational record books.
Camilla Carlbom Flinn, a
trustee of the centre, said:
“Now they will be
remembered. The purpose
of the centre is to preserve
the memories. We want our
visitors to come here and
understand the strength of
the stories, so they are
stirred into thinking about
the rawness of war these
men faced every day.”
Organisers said the
opening of the centre was
likely to be the last formal
gathering of Bomber
Command’s veterans, the
youngest of whom is 92.
Additional reporting by
Louis Collenette
Editorial Comment: Page 15
**
The Daily Telegraph Friday 13 April 2018
7
News
Sir Cliff paid
£700,000 by
police after raid
tip-off to BBC
SIR CLIFF RICHARD has been paid
more than £700,000 by police after
they tipped off the BBC about an investigation into alleged historic sex offences,
it emerged as he began legal action
against the corporation, which could result in multi-million pound payouts.
The 77-year-old singer is demanding
that the BBC pay him aggravated damages, including the advance for an autobiography shelved when they
“shattered” his reputation by naming
him as being under investigation for an
alleged sex offence involving a minor
dating back to 1985.
As the trial at the High Court began,
it emerged that if Sir Cliff wins he will
seek £278,261 for legal costs, £108,500
for PR fees and an undisclosed sum for
the “substantial non-recoverable advance” agreed for his autobiography,
which was due to be published in 2015.
His lawyers say that the book My Life,
My Way is “no longer viable” and that he
is entitled to aggravated damages because the BBC have “rubbed salt in the
wound” by refusing to apologise.
It also emerged that when South
Yorkshire Police settled the allegations
against them they agreed to pay Sir
Cliff £700,000 as well as his legal fees.
They have apologised and accepted
that their conduct was “unlawful”.
The legal fees have not been decided
but the police note that by June 2017
costs against both defendants were already in excess of £1million.
Justin Rushbrooke QC said that the
BBC had reported the search in the
most “prominent and sensational way”
simply because they were desperate
for the “scoop”.
Dan Johnson, their North of England
reporter, had also told bosses that he
had police “over the barrel” as he had a
tip that Sir Cliff was being investigated.
The BBC deny invasion of privacy
and breach of the Data Protection Act,
arguing that the claim, the first of its
kind, is an affront to the principles of
freedom of speech and that they accurately reported a story which was “a
matter of high public interest”.
“It is hard to encapsulate in words the
sense of panic and powerlessness that
must have been induced when he realised that the BBC were relaying highly
sensitive and damaging information
[about him] – all based on an allegation
of serious criminal conduct which he
knew to be false,” Mr Rushbrooke said.
The Metropolitan Police investigated the allegations against Sir Cliff
generally and found no evidence to
support them and it was announced he
would face no charges in June 2016.
The BBC deny the police’s claim that
they “pressurised” them into handing
over the information. The day before
officers searched Sir Cliff ’s home in
Sunningdale, Berks, they phoned the
BBC to tell them it would take place, allowing them to have satellite trucks,
reporters and helicopters in place.
BBC legal documents state that what
was published was accurate and a legitimate matter of public interest.
Sir Cliff is due to give evidence today.
Editorial Comment: Page 15
By Victoria Ward
THE “bullish” former leader of Rochdale council lied to an inquiry about his
knowledge of a child sex abuse scandal,
a panel has found.
Richard Farnell’s claim that he was
unaware of the sexual exploitation of
boys at a residential school in the town
“defies belief,” the Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse panel
concluded, while his refusal to accept
responsibility for the scandal, whilst
heaping blame on others, is described
as “shameful”. He was suspended by
the Labour Party yesterday.
More than 40 men claim to have
been abused at locations in Rochdale,
including Knowl View school, between
the early Sixties and mid-Nineties.
Regarding Mr Farnell, the panel said:
“We did not believe him. It defies belief
that Mr Farnell was unaware of the
events involving Knowl View School.”
Mr Farnell insisted he had told the
truth, saying that there was “clear evidence” that he was not informed about
Knowl View during his time as leader.
Radio 4 ‘Rivers
of Blood’ airing
defended
By Anita Singh
ARTS AND ENTERTAINMENT EDITOR
BEN CAWTHRA/LNP
By Hayley Dixon
Rochdale abuse
panel ‘lied’ to by
council leader
Sir Cliff Richard arrives at the High Court where he is claiming aggravated damages against the BBC
Nine arrested after police raid on London gangs linked to murders
By Helena Horton
SCOTLAND Yard carried out a widespread raid on London’s gangs yesterday, arresting “corrupted children”
cajoled into drug dealing and gangsters
who flash their wealth on social media.
Operation Todhabi took place in the
early hours and picked up suspected
members of the MDP gang, including a
14-year-old boy who was believed to
have sold Class A drugs.
MDP, which stands for “Murder Dem
Pussies”, has been linked to several
killings.
Scotland Yard said that among the
confiscated goods was a vast amount of
cash, a Skorpion machine pistol, another handgun, 40 rounds of ammunition and a kilogram of suspected Class
A drugs.
The raid on eight addresses in Northolt, Greenford, Fulham and Brentford
came as the Met faced criticism for the
rise in crime in London. There are 55
open murder cases that have built up
since the start of the year.
Overall, six males and three females,
aged between 14 and 49, were arrested.
Sadiq Khan, the Mayor of London, said:
“These intelligence-led and targeted
operations by the Met Police will con-
tinue over the days and weeks ahead
and the police have my full support in
this fight against violent crime.”
Cressida Dick, the Met Police Commissioner, told reporters: “They are
very violent. Several have a history of
serious violence. At least one is suspected of regularly using a firearm.”
THE BBC has defended its decision to
broadcast Enoch Powell’s infamous
“Rivers of Blood” speech in full, as a
Labour peer demanded that it be
dropped from the schedule.
Listeners “should wait to hear the
programme before they judge it”, the
corporation said in response to a backlash on social media.
Radio 4’s Archive on 4 programme
this Saturday will feature a reading of
the speech, originally delivered in 1968,
to mark its 50th anniversary. Only short
excerpts were recorded at the time.
Lord Adonis, the former transport
secretary, in a letter to Sharon White,
Ofcom’s chief executive, said: “It seems
extraordinary that one should have to
make the argument in today’s Britain
that Powell’s speech is an incitement to
racial hatred and violence which
should not be broadcast.”
The BBC said: “This is a rigorous journalistic analysis of a historical political
speech.”
8
***
Friday 13 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
News
Social care loses out
to the ‘beloved’ NHS,
claims health chief
Glen Garrod, the new president of
the Association of Directors of Adult
Social Services, a charity made up of local authority directors of social care,
said the health service was “mythologised” and had become “totemic” in
many people’s minds, which meant social care was underfunded and found it
harder to recruit.
Mr Garrod, the executive director of
adult care and community wellbeing at
Lincolnshire County Council, told The
Daily Telegraph that social care “struggles to compete with the beloved NHS
that has all this iconography around it.
Whilst it deserves that, it can go too far,
and we deserve that too”.
He added: “We had three days of
snow, particularly along the east coast
of England, so we were particularly affected in Lincolnshire.
“The media and the public narrative
was all about the NHS doing wonderful
things. I can assure you there are far
more social workers and social care
staff out there doing equally wonderful
things. Where was our narrative?”
“We don’t just fix bits of people, we
see the whole person”, he added.
He said social care struggled partly
because it was organised on a local
level, instead of nationally. “When the
NHS was formed it became totemic almost. It was an identifiable construct
MPs’ working
hours gave me
a stroke, says
ex-minister
which had a group of identifiable professions within it. Social care operates
through local government in a local environment. Its national profile isn’t as
powerful.
“There wasn’t this national totemic
structure where ministers and the public could look and say ‘that is the creation of the state, we contribute to it’.”
A pay deal cut last month meant NHS
staff are to get a 6.5 per cent pay rise
over three years, in exchange for giving
up a day’s holiday. Mr Garrod said staff
at the lower levels would receive pay
increases which were much higher,
tempting care workers to leave the social care sector in favour of healthcare.
“If you’re a home-care worker, [becoming a] healthcare assistant might
seem an attractive option. Particularly
if you’re going to be able to receive
£2,000 or £3,000 a year more. For
home care workers, that’s a lot of
money,” he said.
“Councils are paying more but
there’s a limit to how far they can go
and the NHS is able to go further at the
moment. I think that’s regrettable.
“It’s not to say that the NHS shouldn’t
have more, it’s to say that we’d want a
parity of esteem.”
He called for social reformers such
as Charles Booth, Sidney and Beatrice
Webb and Joseph Rowntree to be celebrated in the public consciousness in
the same manner as nursing figures
such as Florence Nightingale.
“We’ve got our own figures – they do
not have the same resonance, it strikes
me,” he said. Earlier this year the National Audit Office described adult social care as a “Cinderella service” which
is undervalued and lacking in prestige,
leading to workforce shortages.
A government green paper due to be
published before the summer will set
out a plan for social care funding and
staffing.
By Harry Yorke
POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT
NORMAN LAMB, the former Liberal
Democrat health minister, has disclosed that he recently suffered a
stroke, which he blamed on long working days and lack of sleep.
Mr Lamb said that he woke with
double vision at his London flat a fort-
We won’t know
what was on
Natalie’s mind,
says coroner
SWNS
Director says that sector is ‘The media
and the
underfunded and finds it
public
harder to recruit due to
health service ‘mythology’ narrative
was all
By Olivia Rudgard
about the
SOCIAL AFFAIRS CORRESPONDENT
NHS doing
SOCIAL care is losing out to the “beloved NHS” and the “mythology” wonderful
around the health service has gone too things’
far, a senior health chief has said.
Troubled relationship: Natalie Lewis-Hoyle, the daughter of Miriam Lewis and Sir Lindsay Hoyle, above right
Norman Lamb:
‘I have to make
adjustments to my
life. There is no point
killing myself’
night ago and was admitted to hospital
with a “minor stroke”. The Norfolk MP,
60, said that he was lucky to have suffered no lasting damage and considered the incident to be a “second
chance”.
“You never think it is going to happen to you and then suddenly you are
told you’ve had a stroke,” he told the
Eastern Daily Press. “It was a lifechanging moment.”
Mr Lamb, the Lib Dem health
spokesman, added that the strain of
working seven days a week and sleeping for just four to five hours was likely
to have been a factor.
“I’ve got to work smarter,” he said.
“When a doctor tells you about the importance of sleep, you have to take
notice.
“I’ve had to have a massive re-evaluation. I owe it to Mary [my wife], who
THE daughter of Commons deputy
speaker Sir Lindsay Hoyle had been in
a “toxic” relationship before her death
in her bedroom, an inquest has heard.
Natalie Lewis-Hoyle, 28, died in Heybridge, Essex, on December 15 last
year. The parish councillor had been
reflecting on a troubled relationship
before her death, but was “finally coming to terms with the fact that it wasn’t
going to go anywhere”, her mother
Miriam Lewis told the Chelmsford
hearing. Essex police concluded there
were no suspicious circumstances and
had been no third party involvement in
Miss Lewis-Hoyle’s death, and this was
accepted by the court.
But both her parents told the inquest
they were troubled by phone calls they
believed had affected their daughter’s
state of mind. No details of the calls
were disclosed. They said she had expressed no intention to take her life.
Miss Lewis-Hoyle had been collected by her mother from Hatfield Peverel station on December 14 and had a
blood-alcohol level of 171mg per 100ml.
Coroner Caroline Beasley-Murray said
she wanted to put that in context by
adding that “she wasn’t driving and it
was a weeknight before Christmas”
when many people went for post-work
drinks. Mrs Lewis found her daughter
hanged at home the next morning.
Mrs Beasley-Murray recorded an
open conclusion, adding: “We will
never quite know what was going
through her mind. So that’s what I am
going to record.”
has put up with a massive amount with
the job that I do and the way I do it. It is
all-consuming. It is seven days a week.
“But that is the way I’ve wanted to do
it. What I have to recognise now is I
have to make adjustments. There is no
point killing myself.”
Mr Lamb plans to return to Westminster in time for the next session of
Parliament, which starts next week.
**
The Daily Telegraph Friday 13 April 2018
9
News
By Francesca Marshall
THE thorny problem of picking wildflowers has caused a row in the genteel
world of horticulture and beyond.
The practice has been encouraged
on charity, to
by the biggest conservation
pers, who say
the annoyance of beekeepers,
ntryside.
it could damage the countryside.
nched a Great
Plantlife UK has launched
British Wildflower Huntt to get chilaffdren more involved in nature afrs are no
o
ter fears that youngsters
longer interested in wildlife.
eleased a
The charity has released
new code of conductt instructing people when it’ss acceptable
ers,, but the
th
he
to pick wild flowers,
en
move has been
called “wrong” by
beekeepers who say that the
use confusion and
change will cause
ging up plants rather
risk people digging
than picking a handful.
n, Plantlife’s chief execMarian Spain,
BC Radio 4: “We underutive, told BBC
at might sound a little bit
stand that that
m a conservation charity,
unusual from
y
we work very
hard to save
flowers
and
keep them growing, but actually
wild flowerss are quite
d picking one or
resilient and
Common knapweed is among plants that
can be picked if there are plenty about
two from a big patch won’t actually
harm that population.
“We’ve published a list of 12 that are
very common and very easy to recognise and also a code of conduct on what
to do and we understand one of the reasons w
we are publishing this is because
people are going to ask us, they are
don t know and we
confused and they don’t
chi
think it is important that children
do
ha
hav
h
aav
ve contact with nature.”
have
whic
The
hunt,
which
was
launched at Easter, includes
68 species to look out for, 12 of
which can be picked, with the
wi not do
assurance that you will
a
harm if you follow
any
Plantlife’s code of conduct
when it comes to pic
picking.
It is against the law to pick flowers in council parks or on councilroundabout
ou or verges,
maintained roundabouts
a well as any
as
ga
gardens
with
flower planted by
flowers
organisations.
Pete Barrar, from the National
Beekeeping Centre for Wales, said: “I
think Plantlife do a really
rea great job but I
think
t nk they’re wrong on this one. We
thi
think
h e a Countryside Code
hav
C
have
that is simple
a
and
very clear and it says that we
s uld not damage or destroy or resho
should
m e features such as rocks, plants and
mov
move
trees from our environment.
env
trees
“If you go into the woods just now
a
and
have a look at the beautiful prim-
GETTY IMAGES
Plant lovers at
odds over letting
children pick
wildflowers
‘If we say to
children you
can’t touch
flowers, you
can’t pick
them, we
turn them
off’
roses, when does picking a primrose
cease and digging up a primrose start?”
Ms Spain said that the code was there
to ensure people knew what was right
and wrong.
She added: “We are saying something
unusual but actually as a nation we’re
facing an even bigger risk that our children have less and less contact with
wildlife and we think that if we say to
children ‘you can’t touch flowers, you
can’t pick them’ we turn them off.
“What we want is for people to learn
more about wild flowers and know
what’s around them. It is OK to bring a
few daisies home and make a daisy
chain. That’s what we’re encouraging,
‘Village of the Jammed’ to sue over HGVs
By Daily Telegraph Reporter
RESIDENTS plagued by traffic jams are
to sue their county council after it
directed HGVs through their tiny village
Melbury Abbas in Dorset was nicknamed the “Village of the Jammed” after officials re-routed lorries to save the
wear and tear on the nearby A350.
However, this has regularly resulted
in HGVs getting stuck, with an average
of 18 jams a week. Residents of the village, which has a population of 300, are
taking the matter to the High Court for
judicial review, having set up a crowdfunding campaign to help with legal
costs.
The problems began in June 2016
when the council diverted southbound
lorries, using the 16ft-wide C13 through
the village.
The space left for oncoming traffic is
so narrow that a Smart car struggles to
squeeze past the lorries which often
become stuck on the tight bends.
Villagers have recorded more than
1,400 jams, which last an average of
27 minutes. William Kenealy, chairman
of the Melbury Abbas and Cann parish
council, said: “We’ve tried everything
and we’ve got to the point where going
to court is our only option.”
Dorset County Council said it remained convinced it was making the
right decision.
Pick of the bunch The 12 you can take home
uPrimrose
uCow parsley
uMeadowsweet
uButtercup
uOx-eye daisy
uYarrow
uCommon
dog-violet
uRed campion,
pictured above
uGreater
stitchwort
uDaisy,
pictured left
uDandelion,
pictured above
uCommon
knapweed
not wholesale picking.” Last year footage emerged of a police officer confiscating 27 daffodils from two girls who
had picked them from a verge in Nottinghamshire.
u The Royal Horticultural Society’s
fifth garden in Bridgewater is aiming to
encourage “Generation Rent” to grow
fruit and vegetables in small spaces.
Charlotte Harris and Hugo Bugg hope
their kitchen garden will show younger
people how to grow produce in flats
and on balconies. Ms Harris said: “We’ll
be trying out new varieties that can’t
be found in the supermarket.”
Editorial Comment: Page 15
Why is Willand moving up in the world?
By Sarah Knapton SCIENCE EDITOR
IT IS arguably the most upwardly-mobile village in Britain.
Scientists have discovered that Willand, near Cullompton in Devon is rising by 0.7 inches (2cm) a year, but they
cannot explain why. The anomaly was
spotted by Geomatic Ventures Limited
(GVL) which has been compiling satellite images between 2015 and 2017 to
create the first map of land motion.
“We generally see this sort of uplift
where there has been mining works
and the pumps have been switched off,
allowing the water to gradually seep
back into the ground,” said Dr Andy
Sowter, chief technical officer of GVL.
“Willand is in the middle of nowhere,
and there were no mines, so we have no
idea what is going on. For people living
in the village it would be imperceptible
and there is unlikely to be any structural
damage, but it is concerning that there
is a high-speed railway line running in
the area and the M5.”
Experts say that the fact that both
fields and built-up areas are rising suggests that the answer lies deep underground. And they are concerned that it
could be the result of a large environmental discharge, or huge leak.
“It’s fairly sizable, the whole town is
moving here,” added Dr Sowter. “I
think the authorities definitely need to
go down there and investigate.”
10
**
Friday 13 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
News
‘Club sandwich’ pensioners bankroll the whole family
By Olivia Rudgard
SOCIAL AFFAIRS CORRESPONDENT
A “CLUB SANDWICH” generation of
pensioners is bankrolling their families
to the tune of £4,000 a year, research
has found.
The study by Prudential found that
those retiring this year are supporting
an average of three family members,
including children, grandchildren and
parents. People in their forties and fifties have previously been described as
a “sandwich generation” who must
support their children to buy a house
and their parents to pay for social care.
But the research suggests that today’s retirees face additional pressures
from an extra group who require their
help – grandchildren.
In some cases, the study found, those
in their sixties were also supporting
their own parents. Stan Russell, a
retirement expert at Prudential, said:
“Our own research does show that
we’ve got a percentage of money going
to children, some going to grandchildren and some going to elderly parents
so being stuck in the middle there is a
good analogy.
“Part of it is down to increased longevity, and as a nation more of us are
living longer. More of us are getting beyond our eighties, so we have got those
people who need support and who are
still with us.”
People planning to stop work this
year expect to give their families £360
a month on average, a total of £4,320
after tax in a year. One in five said they
handed out £500 a month on average
to family members.
Much of the money is going to fund
university fees and living costs, with 23
per cent of people saying the cash was
used for this. Another 22 per cent were
helping family members buy a home,
while 27 per cent were helping with
everyday items such as food and travel.
A minority of retirees – one in four –
said they had a family but did not provide any financial support.
High house prices compared to salaries leave many young people unable to
buy without financial help from parents or grandparents. The average firsttime buyer is now in their early thirties,
compared to just 23 in 1960.
Figures released last year by Legal &
General suggested that the “bank of
mum and dad” now helps to fund a
quarter of house purchases, lending
more than £6.5 billion to help younger
relatives buy a home.
Mr Russell added: “The 2018 genera-
tion of retirees have benefited to a large
extent with the property boom, with
stock market booms, with having final
salary pension schemes.
“Fewer and fewer of the future generation, unless they’re in the public
sector, will have that secure high level
of income.”
“I think the parents and grandparents who have that money are feeling
that they don’t want to go to their grave
in a gold-lined coffin, they’re quite
happy to help where they can.”
Sitting at desk for
hours ‘could raise
risk of dementia’
u Plans to test four-year-olds in their
first weeks at school will result in
children being coached by parents
from the age of three, campaigners
have warned.
The Government has announced
that the controversial new assessment,
to be rolled out by the end of 2020,
will be used to measure the progress
children make at primary school.
Neil Leitch, chief executive of the
Pre-school Learning Alliance, warned
that it would encourage the coaching
of preschoolers to ensure they were
test ready.
“The simple fact is that no testcondition assessment can be designed
well enough to reflect the complexities
and variation of a child in reception,”
he told the Guardian.
u Sitting at a desk all day or watching
television for hours may damage the
brain in a way which could increase
the risk of dementia, a study suggests.
Scientists at the University of
California recruited 35 people aged
between 45 and 65. They found that
study participants who reported more
sitting had thinner brain structures.
Although the researchers say they
cannot be sure that the sedentary
behaviour is responsible for the
thinning, they are now launching
studies to find out if the link is causal.
Thinning of the medial temporal
lobe can be an early sign of cognitive
decline. The researchers say that
moving about may be a good way to
prevent dementia. The study was
published in the journal PLOS One.
Remove ‘disgusting’
child sex dolls from
sale, Amazon urged
Alex Beckett, star
of BBC comedy
W1A, dies at 35
u Amazon should ensure “disgusting”
child sex dolls are not restored for sale
on its website, England’s children’s
commissioner has said.
It comes after a number of child sex
dolls were found on Amazon
Marketplace, leading to Amazon
removing them. However, the dolls
reappeared three days later.
Anne Longfield told the BBC: “These
dolls are disgusting and are clearly
meant to look like children.”
She added: “Such dolls are clearly
built for one purpose and that purpose
is a clear danger to the safety of real
children.” Amazon said it had now
removed all the specific child doll
products which had been brought to
its attention. It said: “The products in
question are no longer available.”
uAlex Beckett, the actor who played
Barney Lumsden in the BBC comedy
series W1A, has died suddenly at the
age of 35.
The news was announced yesterday
by the Donmar Warehouse, where
he had been appearing in The Way
of the World. No cause of death was
given and the theatre has cancelled
this week’s performances as a mark of
respect and to give some time to the
company, “who all loved Alex”.
Shane Allen, the BBC’s controller of
comedy commissioning, said: “We’re
all incredibly crushed to hear of Alex’s
untimely death. He was a prolific,
versatile and much-admired comedy
star whose role as Barney Lumsden in
both Twenty Twelve and W1A was a key
ingredient of their success.”
BBC/PA
School tests could
result in coaching
for three-year-olds
Grandes dames Joan Plowright, 88, second left, stepped back from her career in 2009 after losing her sight, but she is
coming out of retirement to star with Maggie Smith, Eileen Atkins and Judi Dench, all 83, in a new documentary. Nothing
Like A Dame, to be released in cinemas on May 2, lets the cameras in on a friendship that’s more than half a century old.
u An army sergeant accused of
tampering with his wife’s parachute was
in contact with prostitutes at the time of
her fall in April 2015, a court heard.
Emile Cilliers, 38, of the Royal Army
Physical Training Corps, faces two
charges of attempted murder and a
third count of damaging a gas fitting
recklessly endangering life.
The judge, Mr Justice Sweeney, told
the jury at Winchester Crown Court
that a previous trial had ended with
the jury unable to reach verdicts.
Michael Bowes QC, prosecuting,
said Cilliers wanted to get rid of his
wife Victoria “permanently” and
added: “This is a man who cared
absolutely nothing for her and treated
her with absolute contempt.”
He explained at the time Cilliers was
carrying out an affair, as well as having
a “sexual relationship” with Carly
Cilliers, his ex-wife, and had “contact
with a number of prostitutes”.
Mr Bowes said that on March 13 2015
Cilliers arranged to meet Carly Cilliers
for sex before arranging to have
unprotected sex with a prostitute for
£100 and asking her “Can I film it?”
The trial continues.
Gotta have it
The signed leather
biker’s jacket worn
by George Michael
in the video for his
1987 single Faith is
being sold at
auction in New
York.
EDF follows British Gas in raising prices
SLAVEN VASIC/GETTY
Parachute trial sergeant saw prostitutes
u EDF Energy has become the latest
Big Six energy giant to announce a
price rise, as it blamed rising bills on
the cost of installing smart meters.
Yesterday it announced its standard
variable electricity tariff would rise by
2.7 per cent in June, putting up the
bills of 1.3 million customers by an
average of £16. The rise takes the
average standard variable dual fuel
price to £1,158 a year.
British Gas announced on Tuesday
that its gas and electricity prices would
increase by 5.5 per cent in May.
Experts expect other Big Six firms to
follow suit with price rises this spring.
EDF blamed its rise on “pressures with
energy, policy and costs of installing
meters”.
Speaking about British Gas, Claire
Perry, the energy minister, described
its default tariff rise as “unjustified ...
when customers are already paying
more than they need to”.
Alan Whitehead, the shadow
business and energy minister, accused
British Gas of rushing out an increase
before the Government’s price cap on
standard variable tariffs is rolled out
later this year.
**
The Daily Telegraph Friday 13 April 2018
11
World news
US could launch
ground invasion
of North Korea,
says top diplomat
DONALD TRUMP’S nomination for
America’s top diplomat yesterday said
he could imagine the US launching a
ground invasion of North Korea.
Mike Pompeo, proposed as the new
secretary of state, said the US may at
some point have to “move past diplomacy” to stop the regime’s nuclear programme.
However, Mr Pompeo stressed he
did not favour “regime change” and
wanted to solve the world’s crises with
diplomatic rather than military means.
During a grilling by a Senate committee, Mr Pompeo said he had been
interviewed by the Russian election
meddling investigation, but declined
to answer questions about what was
discussed. He said he would not quit if
Robert Mueller, the special counsel
leading the Russia investigation, was
sacked by Mr Trump.
Mr Pompeo declined to say that Mr
Trump should pull out of the Iran nuclear deal unilaterally and pledged to
counter Russia’s attempts to undermine
Western democracy. He also promised
to fill gaps in the State Department that
have been left open since Mr Trump
took office, warning that diplomats had
become demoralised.
Mr Pompeo, currently the CIA director, needs to be approved by the Senate
before he can replace Rex Tillerson,
the former secretary of state who was
fired by Mr Trump.
Mr Pompeo will become Boris Johnson’s opposite number if he is approved
and has been seen as a foreign policy
hawk on issues such as Iran and North
Korea. The former Republican congressman and ex-captain in the US
army has been painted by political opponents as a “yes man” to Mr Trump.
During his Senate appearance, Mr
Pompeo attempted to push back on his
“hardliner” image while echoing many
of Mr Trump’s foreign policy positions.
In an opening statement, Mr Pompeo
said he had “no discomfort with directness”. He also said he was “not afraid of
getting my hands dirty”, does not “hold
grudges” and prefers to thrash out differences face-to-face.
On policy, Mr Pompeo insisted he
did not favour regime change in North
Korea, where leader Kim Jong-un has
continued to develop nuclear weapons
since Mr Trump took office, but did not
rule out military action.
One senator asked whether there
was “any circumstance where a ground
invasion of North Korea would be necessary in order to rid that country of its
nuclear weapons programme”.
Mr Pompeo responded: “I suppose I
could hypothise such situations so I’ll
answer your question as could I imagine one? Yes, yes senator, I could.
“I mean, I suppose it’s possible that
we would get to the condition … where
Kim Jong-un was directly threatening
and we had information about his activities. Yes, I can imagine times when
America would need to take a response
that moved past diplomacy.”
On Iran, Mr Pompeo said there was
“no evidence” that Iran was not in compliance with the terms of a nuclear deal
struck by Barack Obama – raising
hopes the agreement could still be kept
by Mr Trump.
He came under tough questioning
over his past political stances, refusing
to give a yes or no answer to whether
he thought gay sex was a “perversion”.
By Rozina Sabur WaShington
AP PHOTO/RONALD ZAK
By Ben Riley-Smith US Editor
Magazine paid
$30,000 to
silence rumour
of Trump affair
Where do you put it? A keeper looks into the mouth of a South American sea lion during
feeding time at the Schönbrunn zoo, in Vienna, yesterday. On a diet of hake and anchovies,
male sea lions can grow up to 9ft long and weigh 800lbs.
A MAGAZINE paid Donald Trump’s
doorman $30,000 (£21,000) to prevent
him speaking publicly about a rumour
that his boss had fathered a love child.
The publisher of National Enquirer,
whose chief executive, David Pecker, is
a friend of Mr Trump, has repeatedly
been accused of buying rights to unfavourable stories about the US president
in order to bury them.
Radar Online, a sister publication,
reported that the magazine had paid
Dino Sajudin, who worked at one of Mr
Trump’s buildings, for the story but did
not publish anything.
Mr Sajudin told the magazine that he
had heard a rumour that Mr Trump fathered a child with an employee at
Trump World Tower in New York.
The woman at the centre of the story,
who has not been named, has denied
the affair.
Dylan Howard, the magazine’s editor, said that he made the payment but
the information “lacked any credibility”.
However, four journalists involved
say that they were told by top editors to
stop pursuing the story.
US media has reported on a “catch
and kill” tactic at the magazine’s publisher, American Media Inc (AMI),
where unfavourable stories were
bought and never published.
Last year Ronan Farrow claimed that
AMI colluded with Harvey Weinstein
to silence his accusers by buying up
rights to their stories and refusing to
print them.
AMI also bought the rights to a story
from Karen McDougal, a former Playboy model who claimed that she had an
affair with Mr Trump, shortly before
the election in 2016.
The story was never published. Mr
Trump has denied the affair.
The company has previously said:
“The suggestion that AMI holds any influence over the President of the
United States, while flattering, is laughable.” The White House has not
responded to requests for comment.
Comey: president wanted me to investigate Russian prostitutes slur
By Rozina Sabur
DONALD TRUMP wanted James
Comey to investigate the infamous allegations that he had paid Russian
prostitutes to urinate on a hotel bed to
prove that they were a lie, the former
FBI chief has claimed.
“He brought up what he called the
‘golden showers thing,’ adding that it
bothered him if there was ‘even a one
per cent chance’ his wife, Melania,
thought it was true,” writes Mr Comey
in his book, to be published next week.
“He just rolled on, unprompted, explaining why it couldn’t possibly be
true, ending by saying he was thinking
of asking me to investigate it to prove it
was a lie. I said it was up to him.”
Mr Comey writes that the conversa-
tion took place during a private dinner
on Jan 27 2017, where he claims the
president also demanded “loyalty”.
The dinner was held days after Buzzfeed published an intelligence dossier
produced by Christopher Steele, a British former spy, alleging that the Kremlin had a tape of Mr Trump paying
prostitutes to urinate on a bed once occupied by Barack Obama. In the book,
Mr Comey also claims that Mr Trump’s
chief of staff called the president “dishonourable” over his firing.
Mr Trump sacked Mr Comey in May,
when he was heading up an investigation into possible collusion between
Russians and the Trump campaign
during the 2016 election, saying he was
“not able to effectively lead the bureau”. He was in California on a work
trip at the time and only learned of his
exit when he saw the news break on TV.
According to the Daily Beast, Mr
Comey claims in his memoir that John
Kelly, who was at the time the head of
the Department of Homeland Security,
called him within minutes of his dismissal to offer his support.
Mr Comey reportedly writes that Mr
Kelly, now the White House chief of
staff, was “emotional” over the manner
in which he was fired. He went on to
say that he “intended to quit” in protest
because “he didn’t want to work for
dishonourable people” in a pointed reference to Mr Trump.
Mr Comey’s searing book, A Higher
Loyalty: Truth, Lies, and Leadership, is
the first time he will lay out his account
of his time in office to the public.
12
**
Friday 13 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
World news
Camera traps suspect in crowd of 60,000
Man wanted over historical
crime caught by facial
recognition technology at
China pop concert
By Neil Connor in Beijing
POLICE in China detained a man at a
pop concert last week after he was
identified by facial recognition cameras as a suspect in a historic crime.
The 31-year-old was plucked out of a
crowd of 60,000 people and held for
questioning over an “economic dispute” at the start of a performance by
Hong Kong’s Jacky Cheung in the
south-eastern Chinese city of Nanchang.
The suspect, who was identified only
as Mr Ao, had driven almost 60 miles to
the concert with his wife and several
friends, who bought him a ticket, reports say.
But shortly after the music began,
police approached him to say that his
facial features indicated he was wanted
in connection with an economic crime
they had investigated in the nearby
Guangxi region.
“The suspect was shocked that he
was found among tens of thousands of
people,” said Li Jin, a local police of-
ficer, according to the China Daily.
Mr Ao only went to the concert as he
thought he would be safe at a venue
with large crowds, Chinese media reported.
He would never have gone if he
knew that police had hi-tech camera
technology that could track criminals,
he said.
Cantopop singer Jacky Cheung is a
huge star across China and Hong Kong
and has been on a world tour since
2016.
Mr Li added: “The concert attracted
more than 60,000 visitors, so we paid a
lot of attention to its security.
“We set up several cameras at the
ticket entrance, which was equipped
with facial recognition technology.”
It is the latest example of the technique being used to catch suspects for
‘The concert attracted
more than 60,000 visitors
so we paid a lot of attention
to its security’
a wide range of crimes and misdemeanours in China.
Police wore “facial recognition
glasses” at a train station last month
which resulted in 33 people being de-
tained for crimes including kidnapping, hit-and-run and using false ID.
Meanwhile, another 25 suspects
were held for historic crimes at a
beer festival last year after they were
picked out.
The technology works via cameras
transmitting images of people back to a
huge criminal records database. If
there is a match between individuals
and an unsolved crime, police at the
scene are informed.
Facial recognition has been rolled
out in many aspects of everyday life in
China, where there are few concerns
over privacy.
The technology has been deployed
Former rising
star of Chinese
politics admits
taking bribes
Watch this space
The hunt for life on
other planets
moves a step closer
next week with the
launch by Nasa of a
spacecraft that will
look for habitable
worlds.
The Transiting
Exoplanet Survey
Satellite (TESS) will
be the first to use
the Moon’s gravity
to stay in orbit and
will look for the
tell-tale dips in the
light from stars
which suggest a
planet is passing in
front of them.
Scientists hope
TESS will discover
thousands of
nearby exoplanets,
including at least
50 roughly the size
of the Earth.
NASA
By Neil Connor
A FORMER Chinese political high-flyer
who was accused of seeking to “usurp”
President Xi Jinping has pleaded guilty
to accepting huge bribes.
Sun Zhengcai was named by the
chairman of China’s securities regulator as a co-conspirator who sought to
topple the president last October.
Sun served as a party leader in the
western city of Chongqing and a member of the Communist Party’s elite
25-member Politburo.
He was also seen as a candidate to be
elevated to the Politburo Standing
Committee, which represents the apex
of political power in China. However,
he is now the latest senior official to
have become ensnared in a wide-ranging corruption clampdown launched
by Mr Xi when he assumed power five
years ago.
Mr Xi’s drive against corruption has
been criticised for lacking transparency and is seen by some as a means to
sideline opponents.
On the first day of his bribery trial
yesterday, Sun was accused of taking
advantage of his position to seek profits
for others and illegally accepting
money, according to the Weibo account of the No 1 Intermediate People’s
Court in the northern city of Tianjin.
Sun and his alleged associates were
also charged with accepting money
and goods worth 170 million yuan
(£19 million) in return for providing
help to unspecified organisations and
individuals with engineering contracts, business operations and other
matters.
Sun pleaded guilty and “expressed
penitence”, the court said, adding that
it would make a ruling at a later date.
at airports to speed up boarding, and is
also used to withdraw cash from ATM
machines, to gain entry to university
dormitories and workplaces, and even
to buy a KFC.
Other bizarre examples of face-scanning equipment being deployed in
China include its use in public lavatories, where it is used to clamp down
on loo roll theft, and at marathons,
where organisers have been able to
catch cheats.
It has even been used in a university
teaching hall, where the lecturer deployed it to monitor how bored his students were.
Additional reporting by Christine Wei
Berlin to rename streets linked to horrors of Germany’s colonial past
By Our Foreign Staff
BERLIN is poised to strip the names of
streets linked to atrocities committed
during its occupation of Namibia and
dedicate them to liberation fighters,
part of a late reckoning with Germany’s
brutal colonial history in Africa. After
more than a decade of debate, the three
biggest parties in the Berlin Mitte district assembly voted on Wednesday
night to recommend new names for
streets in the so-called African Quarter
in the north-west of the German capi-
tal, spokeswoman Melita Ersek said.
“The final decision by the district
council could take another month or so
– the date is likely to be announced at
another hearing next Thursday,” Ms
Ersek said. “But it is quite common that
the parties’ recommendation is
adopted.” The motion to drop the
names associated with Germany’s
bloody 1884-1919 occupation of what
was then called German South West
Africa marks a long-delayed victory for
local activists. The African Quarter in
the multi-ethnic, working-class neigh-
bourhood of Wedding has streets and
squares named for Adolf Lüderitz, the
founder of German South West Africa,
as well as Gustav Nachtigal, its imperial
commissioner, and Carl Peters, the
founder of German East Africa in today’s Tanzania.
Libyan military chief in coma after stroke
By Raf Sanchez
MIDDLE EAST CORRESPONDENT
KHALIFA HAFTAR, the military leader
who controls much of eastern Libya, is
reportedly in a coma in a Paris hospital
after suffering a stroke.
The 74-year-old general collapsed
during a visit to Jordan earlier in the
WORLD BULLETIN
More African
athletes run away
Five more African athletes
went missing from the
Commonwealth Games in
the Gold Coast yesterday,
after eight competitors from
Cameroon were suspected
of fleeing on Wednesday.
The athletes are from
Rwanda and Uganda; the
organisers are also trying to
trace two squash players
from Sierra Leone. More
than 100 athletes overstayed
their visas after the Olympic
Games in Sydney in 2000.
Saudis agree to buy
Spanish warships
Spain is due to sign a deal
worth about £1.5 billion to
sell warships to Saudi
Arabia. Under the
agreement, Navantia, a
state-owned shipbuilder,
will sell five small warships,
Spain’s army will train Saudi
military personnel and
contractors will build a
naval construction centre in
the kingdom. The deal will
be signed in Madrid, where
Crown Prince Mohammed
bin Salman is on a state visit.
Spacey ‘sex assault’
with prosecutors
Prosecutors are reviewing
an accusation that Kevin
Spacey sexually assaulted a
man in 1992.
The LA County Sheriff ’s
Department said that it
began investigating the
matter on Dec 11 last year.
It was unclear if
California’s usual statute of
limitations on prosecuting
criminal sexual assault, 10
years, would apply.
week and was flown to France, according to Le Monde.
A spokesman for Gen Haftar’s Libyan National Army initially denied the
reports but is since said to have declined to comment.
Gen Haftar won the backing of
Egypt, the UAE and Russia as a stabilising force in Libya who could be relied
on to confront Islamist factions in the
country’s east. While Western powers
formally support Gen Haftar’s rivals in
the UN-backed government in Tripoli,
Western governments had been increasingly open to dealing with him.
Gen Haftar’s death or incapacitation
would further scramble the chaotic
politics of Libya.
**
The Daily Telegraph Friday 13 April 2018
13
World news
By Nick Squires in Rome
ITALIAN humanitarian organisations
have accused French police of falsifying the ages of teenage migrants so
they can send them back across the
border.
Seven charities, including Oxfam Italy and the Catholic organisation Caritas, claim that in recent weeks French
officers altered birth dates on documents to make it appear that the migrants were older than 18.
The alleged tactic circumvents international rules that say that under-18s
must be given protection and allowed
to cross borders to reunite with family
members.
The rule for adults, by contrast, is
that they must apply for asylum and remain in the first EU country they reach
– which in the vast majority of cases
means Italy, Spain or Greece.
The falsification of documents allegedly took place near the Italian town of
Ventimiglia, on the border between the
French and Italian Rivieras, where tens
of thousands of migrants and refugees,
many of them unaccompanied minors,
have tried to cross in recent years.
“The French police falsify the documents of minors who try to cross from
Italy into France,” said Daniela Zitarosa, from the charity Intersos.
“We have the proof – many dates of
birth were modified in official documents. Unfortunately this has become
routine. French officials take no account of what the minors tell them and
write fake birth dates on refusal-of-entry documents, sending them back as if
they were adults.”
In one alleged case, an Eritrean teenager, whose identity document showed
he was born on Oct 1 2001, making him
16, had his papers changed by the police so that his birth date was recorded
as Jan 1 2000, making him 18.
The charities claimed that the
French authorities started falsifying
migrants’ papers after January 22,
when a court in Nice issued an order
confirming that it was against international law to send minors back to Italy.
“Since then, the French police have
adopted the practice of systematically
identifying minors stopped at the frontier as adults,” the organisations said.
They have sent letters of protest to
the Italian interior and foreign ministers as well as the European Commission.
The charities called on the Italian
government to “take all the measures
necessary so that the French authorities cease the unlawful rejection of unaccompanied minors.”
The accusations are likely to antagonise already fraught relations between
Rome and Paris over migrants and refugees.
So far this year, nearly 7,000 asylum
seekers have reached Italy and 5,700
made it to Greece.
JANEK SKARZYNSKI
French police
‘falsify’ migrants’
age to send them
back to Italy
Scarred for life Zoltan Matyah, who still bears the number tattooed on his arm by the Nazis, returned to Auschwitz from his
home in the US for the March of the Living, which commemorates the six million Jews killed in the Holocaust.
Bitter pill for resort’s anti-social seagulls
By James Crisp
BRUSSELS CORRESPONDENT
A SEASIDE resort in Belgium is drugging seagulls with contraceptive pills
to stop them being a nuisance.
During nesting season, the birds
descend on Blankenberge, which is
famous for its beach huts, pier and art
deco casino, scavenging through bins
and being noisy and aggressive. As a
result, birth control will be hidden in
feed left out for the seagulls as part of
a strategy that includes the use of fake
eggs to fool maternal birds and drones
to detect their nests.
The pill will have the double advantage of curbing the seagull population
and any aggressive behaviour from the
birds. Posters already exhort tourists
not to feed chips to seagulls.
The move, which could be copied in
Britain, may be galling for broody gulls
but local politicians believe it is neces-
sary to preserve the beauty of the seaside resort, which boasts striking belle
époque architecture.
“This will be a first in Europe,” said
Mayor Ivan De Clerck, after the proposal was backed by councillors.
“The idea itself is not new. The technique has already been used in Venice
and Barcelona but only on pigeons,
never on seagulls. We are going to detect the nests with drones and we cannot wait any longer.”
Belgian army ‘will create mummy’s boys’
By James Crisp
BELGIUM will create an army of “mummy’s boys” if it presses ahead with plans
to let homesick cadets leave barracks
and spend the night with their family
during training, veterans have claimed.
One in six recruits to Belgium’s army,
which is in the grip of a recruitment
crisis, give up the military because
they miss home too much. Commanders are now considering dropping the
rule that cadets must live in barracks
during training.
The situation has been exacerbated
by pension reforms, poor job prospects
after leaving and the long-running Operation Vigilant Guardian, which has
seen soldiers patrolling major cities
such as Brussels after the terror attacks
in the capital in 2016 and Paris in 2015.
Some units in the ageing force
pounded the streets for about 200 days
out of 365 last year. Supporters of the
reforms argue that the army is adapting
to the realities of modern life. But
Danny Lams, a former paratrooper and
a veterans association chairman, told
the Het Nieuwsblad newspaper: “You
don’t go to a war zone with men who
miss their mummies.”
Alex Claesen, a spokesman for the
ministry of defence, said: “The army
wants to include more free evenings
where the recruits can leave the barracks.”
14
***
Friday 13 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Comment
Prison is the
one place where
philosophy is
of practical use
MELANIE MCDONAGH
P
risons have often, for
obvious reasons, been
places for philosophical
reflection – Boethius wrote
his Consolation of
Philosophy while he was in
prison (before getting
beaten to death in his cell)
– but we don’t often hear of
it being taught there.
Grendon Prison in
Buckinghamshire and Full
Sutton, a maximum security
institution in Yorkshire,
have been running
philosophy courses for
inmates. Both places,
according to a prison
chaplain who knows them,
incarcerate many men of
quite high intelligence
whose minds are “wasting
away”. The Socratic method
is reportedly encouraging
tolerance and empathy, and
could ease problems of
violence, overcrowding and
re-offending.
Dr Kirstine Szifris of
Manchester Metropolitan
University, who has been
leading the 12-week courses,
says the behaviour of the
tough, category A inmates
was initially characterised by
“bravado, one-upmanship
and competition”. But after
they’d discussed Plato,
Hume and Kantian morality,
they “began to gain a level
of respect for each other”.
Philosophers don’t often get
to brag about their utility;
Dr Szifris can.
There’s an awful lot to like
about the initiative. And
indeed, about the choice of
philosophers. The ancient
Greeks are always good on
what makes for human
flourishing. And Kant and
his Universal Imperative is a
great starting point for
discussing ethics – imagine,
he says, if everyone acted as
you did – but I’d say
Boethius and his take on the
transitory character of
fortune would be pretty
good, too. The Stoics’ take
on the question might have
a bleak appeal in a setting
defined by the deprivation
of personal liberty.
Nietzsche would no doubt
be tricky, though for
pragmatists, John Stuart
Mill and his dispiriting
doctrine of utilitarianism
may be a useful tool for life
outside prison.
Enabling prisoners in
long-term institutions to
hold civilised conversations
has to be a good thing in
itself. Many prison workers
find that discussion groups
for inmates are useful, in
that they listen to each
other. If your normal take
on disagreement is to fight
first, rational conversation is
a good way to go.
Prisons already have
courses on anger
management to help
offenders think through the
consequences of their
actions, but philosophy is,
I’d say, preferable: it gets to
the heart of human
impulses. It isn’t exactly
functional, like literacy and
numeracy courses, but it
addresses questions such as
how individuals and
societies flourish, which are
painfully practical in a
prison context.
Prisoners probably have
rather interesting insights
into ethics and questions
such as the utility of laws.
Angie Hobbes, public
ambassador for philosophy,
doesn’t think that there’s
any simple trade off between
studying philosophy and
better morals. “Philosophy
isn’t a quick fix,” she says.
“Some philosophers were
very bad people.”
Jon Scott, a former prison
governor, is impressed by
the concept of the course,
but adds: “It’d be interesting
to know how effective it is,
and what metrics are used
to measure its effectiveness.”
You could say the same
about philosophy generally,
for anyone who studies it.
I wonder what the Home
Office makes of the
programme – the bean
counters usually see the
costs of rehabilitation
programmes without
calculating the benefits to
society from cuts in
re-offending. Let’s hope
they take a philosophical
view; even a utilitarian one.
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Assad calculates that Trump’s fire
and fury will be confined to Twitter
The US president has
made verbal assaults but
he would rather pull out of
Syria than launch a war
FRASER NELSON
LSON
I
t has taken almost two years,
but a pattern to Donald
Trump’s behaviour is finally
emerging. He has a powerful
ability to shock and to
dominate headlines. He’s quite
easily provoked and likes to hit out.
But his attention span is short and he
is easily distracted. So even if he does
launch an air strike on Syria, as he
promised a few days ago, there is no
real prospect of his starting a longer
campaign. He can be expected to
deplore the barbarity of last week’s
chemical weapons attack, fire a few
missiles and then walk away.
This, anyway, is likely to have
been Bashar al-Assad’s calculation
last week in the attack on Douma in
Eastern Ghouta, which looks to be
the latest in his chemical weapons
campaign. At the time, the atrocity
was greeted with astonishment as
well as horror. Trump had only
recently decided to withdraw
American troops from Syria, so why
would Assad do anything to pull the
US back in? Why not just keep
hostilities to a minimum while
America retreats?
Any use of chlorine gas would be
certain to provoke Trump because
he defines himself against Barack
Obama. When a chemical bomb
killed 1,400 in Damascus four years
ago, Obama failed to respond – so
Trump’s instant reaction was to
promise swift and firm revenge. It is
a fairly standard pattern of behaviour:
if he feels challenged, he will
respond. After punishing a Syrian
chemical weapon attack last year, he
had no choice but do the same now
– with an alliance of the willing, from
the French to the Saudis. Assad’s
tactics could be seen as lunacy.
Until you look at what Trump
means by “hitting hard”. George W
Bush once put it well: the military is
not there to underline a verbal point.
No president, he said, should be
prepared to “fire a $2 million missile
at a $10 empty tent and hit a camel in
the butt” – if you act, it needs to be
“decisive”.
When Assad dropped Sarin gas on
the rebel-held town of Khan
Sheikhoun last year, Trump
dispatched $100 million worth of
Tomahawks to the al-Shayrat airfield
from which Assad launched the
attack. It was costly, but it certainly
wasn’t decisive.
Those 55 missiles destroyed a few
hangers, and about 20 aircraft. But
tarmac takes hours to repair and just
days later, Syrian warplanes were
taking off from the same airbase, to
bomb the same rebels. Assad had felt
the wrath of the American president,
and although it was a setback, it was
far from a devastating one.
So rather than deter the use of
chemical weapons, Trump’s response
last year served to encourage them. A
new precedent was established: that
if poison gas is used, the guilty party
(and their backers) can simply deny
it. The West will give a strong verbal
response, but the military response
will be half-hearted. The United
Nations estimates that Assad has
carried out at least four more
chemical weapon attacks since then
– each one denied by the Syrians and
Russians.
Worst of all, such weapons are
certainly effective. Assad’s latest
target is rebels from Jaish al-Islam
– who had held out against
encirclement, mortar attacks and
aerial bombardment. The Russians
had entered talks with them, but to
no avail. After last week’s attack,
everything changed.
The rebels agreed to surrender
their positions in return for safe
passage to northern Syria. The
Kremlin says the retreat is now under
way, with up to 8,000 militants and
about 40,000 civilians on the move.
Syrian state media is boasting that
the rebels have released captives in
return. So militarily, this is quite the
result for Assad.
And yes, we can expect another
hail of missiles – the “nice and new
and ‘smart’” ones Trump promised
on Twitter – but Assad will have
calculated that this is a price worth
paying. Not just to rout the rebels,
but to let his surviving enemies
know that he’ll be prepared to see
their children choke on poison gas.
There will be a few more runways
destroyed for the benefit of American
satellite images. But Assad will still
be in business, with the Russians and
the Iranians,
Vladimir Putin, for his part, will
not only continue to have a client on
the Mediterranean but will also
have used the whole episode to
take a stand against America and
further erode the idea of the rulesbased international order. Not so
long ago, chemical weapons were a
red line which, if crossed, were
supposed to have devastating
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opinion
consequences for the aggressor. But
this understanding perished in Syria,
along with the thousands killed by
the bombs.
It has all served to demonstrate
how hamstrung the West really is.
David Cameron lost a vote in striking
Syria five years ago, and Theresa May
will probably not dare to hold a vote
now. The French will send a few of
their missiles behind American ones.
But there’s no serious talk about
deposing Assad.
And Trump, anyway, has very little
interest in reshaping the world. He
made a campaign promise to crush
the Islamic State, and helped
American troops do so by relaxing
their terms of engagement. But in
general, his inclination is to use less
military – which is why he was all set
to pull out of Syria this time last
week. He has more faith in his verbal
bombast and has grown fond of
pointing to the results.
People mocked him for saying he
had a “much bigger and more
powerful” nuclear button than Kim
Jong-un. But, he says, it ended up
with Kim agreeing to come to the
negotiating table. His threats of a
trade war with China were also
deplored, but he sees vindication in
Xi Jinping’s offer earlier this week to
cut tariffs on American cars.
So it’s hard to cast Trump as a
warmonger who’s itching to start the
Third World War. Like Obama, he
has failed to enforce what is
supposed to be a global ban on
chemical weapons. He is more
interested in Twitter explosions than
ballistic ones, and he may well
resume his earlier plan to withdraw
American troops from Syria. His fire
and fury may last a day, or perhaps a
week, then he’ll move on. And Assad
will be left to his endgame.
Will future AIs be victims of depression?
It is only a matter of time
until artificial intelligence
develops ‘consciousness’
and even feels ‘emotions’
TOM CHIVERS
RS
D
oes intelligence have to be
conscious? Does it have to feel
emotion? That’s the question a
researcher called Zachary Mainen is
asking, who has suggested that robots
may benefit from antidepressants. Dr
Mainen, who worked on AI before
moving into the study of the human
brain, argues that the root cause of
human depression is an inability to
update their beliefs about the world in
the presence of new information. He
thinks that this ability, in human
brains, is modulated by the chemical
serotonin. If you don’t have enough
serotonin in your brain, you can’t
change your understanding of things
easily enough.
The broad sweep of this is relatively
familiar to people interested in how
the brain works. A widely held model
of the human mind is that it is
essentially a battle between top-down
and bottom-up processes. The
top-down processes tell us what we
expect the world to look like; the
bottom-up processes are information
from our senses, telling us what the
world actually does look like.
When your senses report back
roughly what the brain expects,
everything is fine. But when the two
don’t match, your consciousness is
alerted to it. Serotonin, says Mainen, is
involved in this “surprise” feeling.
When lab mice are placed in new
environments, their brain surges with
serotonin, so they are more readily
surprised and able to learn new things.
When this process goes wrong, it
causes problems. One theory of autism
is that it is caused when your brain is
hypersensitive to unexpected things:
your attention is constantly drawn to
tiny, inconsequential details, and the
world seems a blooming, buzzing
confusion. Hallucinations may be
caused by your brain not paying
enough attention to the bottom-up
details and making stuff up out of its
expectations. Depression, Mainen
seems to be saying, is the brain being
unable to update its expectations in
the light of new information;
everything seems unimportant. This
matches studies which show that
depressed people literally see the
world in duller, greyer colours than
healthy people.
Might AI need something similar?
Well, it will definitely need to update
its beliefs about the world, since that’s
what learning is. And there are times
when it will need to do that faster or
slower, so it would need, as Mainen
says, something analogous to
serotonin that changes that. He thinks
that future AIs might be susceptible to
something like depression if their
serotonin-algorithm goes wrong.
But whether this will be emotion is
a separate question. It may have the
same function, in the way that a lens
on a camera has the same function as
the lens in our eye, and it may be able
to go wrong in analogous ways. But it
may not feel the same, or feel like
anything.
Emotions are humans’ reward and
punishment system. We think of them
as opposed to rational thought, but
they are not. It is perfectly rational to
feel fear when a lion is trying to eat
you, and rational to feel happy when
things go your way. A complex,
general-purpose AI would almost
certainly have to have a reward
FOLLOW Tom
Chivers on Twitter
@TomChivers;
READ MORE at
telegraph.co.uk/
opinion
system that did a similar job, which
would let it look at courses of action
and choose the one most likely to
achieve its goals. And, according to
AI researchers I’ve spoken to for the
book I’m writing, it may be that an
AI like that would have to have
something like “consciousness”.
But would it feel emotion about
things, or would it simply try to
increase some number in its database?
Google DeepMind, the creators of the
Go-playing AI AlphaGo, also made
something that learnt to play 49
different Atari games. It had a goal of
increasing the score, and an input of
the raw numbers that make up the
screen data. In a few weeks it was
superhuman at all of them. A
sufficiently powerful algorithm could,
perhaps, be given a goal of increasing a
“score” of money in a bank account. It
might have subroutines that are
analogous to emotions and serotonin.
But it might feel nothing on the inside.
It is very likely that if humanity
survives long enough, we will be
replaced or augmented, at some point,
by AIs. Those AIs might be supremely
intelligent. But if they feel nothing,
then the world might become, in the
words of the Oxford philosopher Nick
Bostrom, “a Disneyland with no
children”.
***
The Daily Telegraph Friday 13 April 2018
15
Letters to the Editor
Human rights versus
freedom of expression
W
e sympathise with Sir Cliff
Richard. The police disclosed
that he was the subject of an
investigation into an allegation
of historic sexual abuse and
ensured the BBC was on hand to
film a raid on his home while he was abroad.
South Yorkshire constabulary has previously
accepted it was in the wrong and paid the veteran
singer substantial damages of about £700,000 in
compensation for the “profound and long-lasting”
impact on his reputation.
Sir Cliff is now taking action against the BBC in
the High Court claiming a breach of his privacy;
but this raises different questions altogether.
While the police acknowledged a breach in their
duty to keep investigations confidential until an
arrest has been made, the same considerations do
not apply to news gathering organisations.
The law does not preclude newspapers or
broadcasters from disclosing that a police
investigation is taking place. Earlier this week, for
instance, a television news team accompanied
Cressida Dick, the Met commissioner, on a series of
raids around London aimed at gun gangs. The
action resulted in several arrests.
The BBC is arguing that there was a legitimate
public interest in reporting the raid, whereas Sir
Cliff ’s lawyers maintain it was a breach of privacy
under human rights laws. They say the public
interest override does not apply because there was
complicity between the police and the BBC, and
there was nothing to substantiate the allegation
made against him. Moreover, the BBC used a
helicopter to pry into his home and broadcast the
footage for hours.
At the time there were suspicions that the police
were on a “fishing expedition” – happy for the
news to get out in the expectation that other
aggrieved parties would come forward.
Nonetheless, there are wider issues at stake here
that go beyond this particular case.
Effectively the High Court is being invited to
extend the boundaries of what constitutes privacy
by interpreting human rights laws in a way that
will further circumscribe the freedom of the press.
This may end up in the Supreme Court. Historically,
English common law did not recognise a general
right of privacy; and while Sir Cliff may have cause
for his grievance, the courts should be careful not
tip the balance away from countervailing rights
upholding freedom of expression.
Medals for veterans
T
o fly with Bomber Command during the
Second World War was to run a greater risk
than almost any other member of the Armed
Forces. The attrition rate for crew was greater than
for soldiers on the Western Front 30 years earlier.
Yet for years, proper recognition of their heroism
and sacrifice was overlooked, principally because
the bombs they released over Germany killed so
many civilians.
But Bomber Command crews were also given
the task of attacking Germany’s air bases, troops,
shipping and industrial complexes connected to
the war effort. Almost half of the 125,000
personnel died and only one third reached the end
of the conflict without being killed, injured or
taken prisoner. They were all volunteers, from 60
countries, and the average age of those who served
was 23.
Around the country there are monuments to
many who fought in the war; even the animals that
were killed are recognised by a memorial unveiled
in 2004. It was not until 2012 that the Bomber
Command memorial was finally erected next to
Green Park in London. In Lincoln yesterday, close
to where Bomber Command flew many sorties, the
few hundred remaining veterans gathered for the
opening of the new £10m International Bomber
Command Centre. As well as a memorial garden,
this will comprise a digital archive including more
than 190,000 documents, photos and letters,
described by one of the compilers as “a record of
heroic, inspiring and truly incredible stories”.
There is one remaining wrong still to be set to
rights. The Bomber Command veterans were,
shamefully, never awarded a campaign medal. It is
time they were.
Pick of the primroses
O
n the day of her Diamond Jubilee, Queen
Victoria pressed some lily of the valley
between the pages of a book. That book is
now in the possession of the Queen. The Queen’s
own favourite flower is said to be the primrose, and
the primrose is today the subject of controversy.
Plantlife, a nature conservation charity, wants
children to study flowers and pick the odd
primrose or dog violet. Other botanists are aghast
at the idea, fearing that hecatombs of endangered
plants might be sacrificed to rampaging crowds of
seven-year-olds. A middle way can surely be found.
A well-kept pressed wildflower book is more likely
to instil a love for native flora than barbed wire
round every umbel of cow parsley. Daisies must
still be made into chains, and the occasional sunlit
buttercup be shone on a youngster’s chin.
We accept letters
by post, fax and
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include name,
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home telephone
numbers.
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Palace Road,
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FAX
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Telegraph Letters
on Twitter
@LettersDesk
Future of Syria
SIR – Stephen Powis, the medical
director of NHS England (Comment,
April 11), discusses plans for the
effective integration of health and
social care. This is an excellent, if longoverdue, policy objective. No patient
should languish in hospital awaiting
rehabilitation or social care.
However, Professor Powis risks
reinforcing the idea of “community
good, hospital bad”. It is unsurprising
that frail older patients admitted
with pneumonia, heart failure,
stroke, malignancies or late-stage
chronic pulmonary disease might
lose weight and muscle. Many have
renal impairment, diabetes, metabolic
disturbances or dementia, and receive
complex medications, with the risk of
drug interactions and toxicity.
Such patients should not be denied
rapid access to acute hospital medical
assessment facilities, and too much
emphasis on “admission avoidance”
risks both delaying diagnosis and
increasing the length of their stay.
Readmission rates need more
attention. Between 12 and 15 per cent
SIR – As in most conflicts, the desire
for peace in Syria is overshadowed
by the momentum of war.
Donald Trump’s rhetoric does
little to calm an increasingly
volatile situation. By declaring the
inevitability of missile strikes, he
has restricted his options. Too often
before, red lines have been drawn
and violated, with no response.
It is all too easy to launch cruise
missiles, but this course of action may
spiral beyond the short-term gains it
offers. What is the end game?
A Western military response is
justified, but it also risks bringing
more fear, instability and destruction
to this war-weary country.
Lt Col Jeremy Prescott (retd)
Southsea, Hampshire
of the frail elderly are now being
readmitted within 30 days.
Timely, safe discharging requires
enhanced medical and nursing input
after hospital, not readily forthcoming
from stretched GP services. An
integrated outreach service from
departments of medicine for the
elderly to support rapid discharge
may be a way forward.
Dr John Turner
Liverpool
SIR – Maximising the appropriate
use of volunteers is a crucial step in
providing integrated care.
Well-managed volunteer teams can
play a key role in improving patients’
health and wellbeing in hospital, and
also in helping patients to return home
more quickly. Small, simple, human
things can make such a difference
to someone dealing with ill-health,
especially if they are older.
Volunteer support at mealtimes
can improve nutrition and hydration,
which enhances patients’ recovery and
minimises time in hospital. Volunteers
also help those with mobility problems
to be more active, preventing the
muscle deterioration that often leads
to patients being stuck in hospital.
Volunteers can free up hospital
space by improving the discharge
processes, ensuring that people
leave with the right prescriptions
and assistance. This is particularly
important for patients without
a wider support network. Older
patients helped back into their homes
by volunteers report increased
confidence and happiness, and this
helps to reduce readmission rates.
While there are currently around
78,000 people volunteering with
acute NHS trusts, their role is rarely
incorporated into NHS strategies. This
is a missed opportunity: we urgently
need volunteering to be recognised
as a priority. If we can unlock the full
potential of volunteers, we can ensure
that patients, NHS staff and healthcare
providers benefit more quickly.
Sir Thomas Hughes-Hallett
Founder and Chairman, HelpForce
London WC2
SIR – Two ignoble, vainglorious
leaders, the world in their hands,
testing each other’s nerve amid an
Islamic battleground. God help us.
Barry Bond
Leigh-on-Sea, Essex
SIR – Surely we have had enough
experience to know that statements
from Russia – whether made in the
Kremlin, the UN or the London
embassy – will seldom, if ever, be true.
Malcolm Pettit
Chichester, West Sussex
A burglary
SIR – I would like to thank Philip
Johnston for his article (“The streets
have become a shrine to the decline in
police numbers”, Comment, April 11).
My pensioner husband and I were the
victims of a burglary in 2016.
I woke at 2am, to see torchlight
coming down the corridor just outside
my bedroom – reflected in my mirror.
My husband, aged 79, terminally ill
with cancer, was sleeping downstairs.
I shouted his name over and over, put
on all the lights and rushed downstairs
– terrified by what I might encounter.
My husband seemed all right, thank
God. Protected by his deafness, he
appeared unharmed and remained
asleep. Shaking uncontrollably, I
phoned the police. They stayed on the
phone to reassure me – for which I was
so grateful – and came quickly.
Did they frighten the burglars away?
No. While the police searched to see
if anyone was still in the house, they
were outside, calmly moving some
items nearer to their getaway car.
What did the police do? They gave
me a crime number and a “victim
support” number. The detective who
visited said cheerily: “If burglars want
to get in, they will. We will leaflet your
neighbours, to see if anyone heard
anything. But we can’t do any more.”
A large house nearby had just
been turned into a halfway house for
16-year-olds leaving care. Low-level
crime – drug needles and attempted
break-ins to cars and property – had
suddenly increased.
Two women PCs came to see me
a couple of weeks later, and when I
asked whether they were looking at
the residents of this house as a possible
cause, I was told off. These young
people were “vulnerable”.
“Excuse me,” I replied, “we
pensioners – one terminally ill – are we
not also ‘vulnerable’?”
There was silence. Obviously not.
Burglary is not just about the loss of
material possessions. It is about fear
of what the burglars will do – that they
will come again. Your home – your
place of security – is no longer safe.
I cannot adequately express my
feelings about Amber Rudd, the Home
Secretary, and Theresa May, the Prime
Minister, who behave more like senior
social workers (or Church of England
ministers) than Secretaries of State
who should understand that they have
responsibilities to the citizens of their
country beyond airily cutting budgets
and letting someone else work out
how to deal with the consequences.
So thank you again. We need the
help of the media, if our political class
is so out of touch with the reality of life
in Britain today.
Linda Hughes
Sevenoaks, Kent
BBC’s deaf ears
ALAMY
established 1855
The dangers of trying to keep patients out of hospital at all costs
Going paper-free: a water-seller in Marrakesh pours his wares into a metal cup
Paper cups are hygienic and can be recycled
sir – We are concerned that reports
about plans by Waitrose and the
NHS to reduce the use of disposable
cups (April 10) may confuse the
public. Paper cups are fully
recyclable and there are hygiene
benefits to recyclable paper cups,
particularly in hospitals, where
sanitation is important.
There are currently five specialist
plants with more than enough
capacity to recycle all of the UK’s
paper cups. Consumers are already
making use of more than 4,000
cup-recycling points.
Rather than deserting a fully
renewable and hygienic product, we
urge all concerned parties to work
to improve public awareness of the
recyclability of paper cups.
Infrastructure needs to be set up
to get paper cups from the consumer
to the recycling plant.
Mike Turner
Paper Cup Alliance
Winsford, Cheshire
Historic deeds to a property can be valuable
SIR – A solicitor told us that the
original documents (Letters, April 12)
for the 999-year head lease for the land
our property stands on had been sold.
The owner now lives in Australia
and could get more for the historical
documents than he could from the
ground rent. Not that this prevents the
holder of the sublease from collecting
the modest ground rent annually.
Cathie Cox
Littleborough, Lancashire
SIR – When I was in practice, our
firm, with the consent of the client,
arranged for pre-registration deeds
to be collected by the Hampshire
Record Office, subject to a right of
recall.
There was a time when it was
impossible to register “profits a
prendre in gross” – rights to take
something from another person’s land
– and it was necessary to retain deeds
to prove title to such rights.
I recall a situation where land
together with fishing rights existed on
one bank of the river Itchen but only
fishing rights on the other bank. It was
only possible to register the land and
fishing rights on that one side. So it
was vital to retain the deeds to prove
fishing rights on the other bank.
Richard F A Strother
Southampton
SIR – I have spent my working life
dealing with property conveyancing
and believe all pre-registration deeds
should be retained.
They contain valuable historical
information, about rights of way, for
example. Disputes on these often lead
to very expensive litigation in the
absence of any other information.
It may be worth Paul Berry’s while
(Letters, April 10) to ask the solicitors
who dealt with his purchase, as they
might have retained the deeds in his
old file or their storage system.
Reginald Hoare
Canterbury, Kent
SIR – Philip Roe (Letters, April 10)
criticises the BBC for not televising
the preliminary rounds of Young
Musician of the Year.
Its treatment of the Leeds
International Pianoforte Competition
is similar: other than the briefest of
snatches, it does not broadcast the
preliminary rounds (three in total) at
all – even though the judges take the
competitors’ performances in those
rounds into account. This is different
from heats in an athletics competition,
for example, where all that is achieved
is progression to the next round.
To make matters worse, before
the result is announced, the BBC
asks well-known musicians to make
predictions – which, as they will
have been present only for the final
performances, they get wrong. I have
drawn this defect to the attention of
the BBC, which claims to have noted
my remarks. But nothing has changed.
Stanley Eckersley
Pudsey, West Yorkshire
Captain Speedy’s ward
SIR – The
wonderful
photograph
that you
printed
(Letters,
April 10) of
young Prince
Alamayou of
Abyssinia,
taken by
Julia Margaret Cameron on the Isle of
Wight, reflects a complex story.
The prince was rescued, supposedly
on the battlefield, by his guardian
Captain Tristram Speedy (above),
who, as it happens, looked like Sir
Henry Rawlinson as imagined by
Vivian Stanshall.
Alamayou became a protégé of
Queen Victoria and, while at Osborne
House, also spent some time with the
Tennyson family. Over at Dimbola
Lodge, where Mrs Cameron lived, she
photographed him in tribal costume,
and with Ethiopian artefacts.
The prince died aged 18, and was
buried in the grounds of Windsor
Castle, otherwise restricted to the
Royal family. His story is part of
the rich multicultural tapestry of
Victorian society.
Dr Brian Hinton
Freshwater Bay, Isle of Wight
Russian money has corrupted our economy
Britain, and ‘Londongrad’
in particular, must sever its
commercial and financial
links with tainted Russia
JEREMY WARNER
ARNER
W
hat’s been holding her back?
Let’s for the moment leave
aside the issue of whether to
take military action against the
Russian-backed regime in Syria. As
seems to be her nature, Theresa May
has been prevaricating on sanctions
against Russia for the Salisbury attack.
There has been plenty of sabre-rattling
rhetoric, but the only action taken so
far has been the expulsion of 23
diplomats. This is a pathetically
inadequate and ineffective response.
Contrast this with the action taken
by President Trump, who has struck at
the heart of Russia’s Kremlinorchestrated kleptocracy by effectively
banning key officials, organisations and
companies from participation in the
dollar economy. You wonder what on
earth our own, British Government is
playing at. Its lack of similarly targeted
sanctions seems almost inexplicable.
What the US has done with its
so-called “Specially Designated
Nationals and Blocked Persons List” is
likely to prove ultimately far more
effective in undermining Vladimir
Putin’s ambitions, even his grip on
power, than anything that can credibly
be achieved via military means. Trump
is punishing Putin where it hurts most,
freezing his cronies out of international
trade and commerce. In so doing, he
further weakens an already recessionwracked economy struggling to
maintain a military budget hugely
expanded to support the hubris of
Putin’s superpower pretensions.
As Mikhail Khodorkovsky
discovered to his cost, kicking against
the regime is a dangerous business in
Russia; its leading oligarchs are entirely
dependent on Kremlin consent for
their wealth, position and even
freedom. But these are powerful men
and they won’t take kindly to being
shut out of Western markets. If even in
his own backyard Putin is thought to
have overplayed his hand, he may be in
some danger.
Never mind Mrs May; Trump too, it
is fair to say, has not exactly been
champing at the bit to toughen up
Russian sanctions, possibly for fear of
what may come out about Russian
involvement in his own electoral
victory. Last week’s actions were
approved by Congress as long ago as
last summer. They’ve been sitting in his
in-tray ever since.
This in itself may have lulled Putin
into thinking he could do what he
wants without consequences. Yet
whatever the immediate cause of
Trump’s change of heart, his actions
threaten devastation to elite Russian
wealth and impoverishing isolation for
the wider Russian economy.
It is a measure of the continued
power of dollar hegemony that now the
US has acted it may not actually be
necessary for the UK to impose its own
sanctions. By threatening non-US
citizens and organisations with
penalties if they deal with blacklisted
names, the US Treasury reaches out
from its own borders to London and
beyond. No bank of any significance,
wherever it is based, can afford to
transact with Oleg Deripaska and other
named oligarchs if the price is loss of
their dollar clearing licence. Without it,
they are out of business. Deripaska’s
London assets are therefore already as
good as frozen.
Existing European Union sanctions,
imposed in response to the Russian
invasion of Crimea and intervention in
eastern Ukraine, are so tame in their
ambition and patchy in their
application as to be barely worth the
paper they are written on. And so to the
British excuse – that responsibility for
UK sanctions policy is held at EU level,
leaving Britain powerless to act
unilaterally. With strong commercial
and financial links to Russia, large parts
of Europe, including Germany, have
proved less than enthusiastic in
pursuing more effective sanctions.
Until Britain’s own Sanctions and
Anti-Money Laundering Bill becomes
law this summer, there is no legal
framework through which to pursue
independent action, and even then, it
may carry no authority until the UK is
fully free of the EU.
That’s the excuse, in any case. But it
is not a credible one. We are dealing
here with matters of national security;
these must surely override the legal
niceties of whatever powers have been
transferred to Brussels. We cannot
allow other sovereigns, in defence of
their own commercial interest, to
temper our response, as has happened
all too frequently in the past when it
comes to EU dealings with Russia,
corrupted as they have been by
member-state reliance on Russian
energy, trade and money.
It might be said that what is
sometimes known as “Londongrad” has
its own commercial interest to protect.
From property to luxury goods, and
from football clubs to divorce and libel
lawyers, whole industries of louche
providers have grown fat on Russian
money. Nor has there been any
shortage of former Government
ministers and City financiers only too
happy to take the Russian shilling, from
the former Labour spin doctor Peter
Mandelson to the Cameron groupie,
Greg Barker.
Tainted Russian money has become
a malign and corrupting influence on
the UK economy. Regardless of the
poisonings and Russia’s shameful
support for the brutality of Assad’s
regime, it’s high time that this cancer
was cut from the system.
FOLLOW Jeremy Warner on Twitter
@jeremywarneruk; READ MORE at
telegraph.co.uk/opinion
16
***
Friday 13 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Puzzles, mind games and Telegraph Toughie
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***
The Daily Telegraph Friday 13 April 2018
17
Judith Woods
Divorce shouldn’t
be a meal ticket for
life Page 19
A
FEATURE
Giddy up!
Will a woman win the
Grand National?
Page 20
Man Friday
Cover-ups for April
showers Page 18
ARTS
Michael Palin
‘Spike would now be
considered politically
incorrect’ Page 23
JAMES MERRELL
FASHION
Mix and match: the right rug can add a hit of colour and pattern to a room
Time to get
a ‘smug rug’?
Forget carpet, Britain’s homes need a fresh approach
to flooring. Jessica Doyle explains the new spring trend
rug is not just for
winter. With
many modern
interiors now
boasting wooden,
stone or tiled
flooring, they
have become a
year-round
necessity. Gone are the days when
Britain was carpeted wall-to-wall; you
only have to look at the struggle faced
by Carpetright – which this week said
it was axing about 300 jobs and closing
another 81 shops – to see in which
direction our heads have been turned.
A new rug does many jobs; from
adding warmth to anchoring a room,
not to mention offering colour and
texture. And whether your taste is for a
rich pattern or a pared-back Scandi
aesthetic, there are numerous spring
updates to bring your home’s rug
offering up-to-date.
If you have been struggling to find
the rug you desire, consider using a
sourcing service – it might not be as
expensive as it sounds. Lisa Mehydene,
a self-confessed rug obsessive, and
founder of online homeware store Edit
58 (edit58.com), sources rugs using her
network of suppliers in Morocco,
Turkey, Bulgaria and Sweden, which
she flags up on her Instagram feed
(@edit.58). Such is her following, that
rugs have been known to sell seconds
after she has posted pictures of them.
Mehydene also offers a free sourcing
service – you simply pay the cost of the
rug once she’s found one you like.
Prices are usually between £600-800,
but can come in at £400.
A number of slots are available each
month, and Mehydene begins by
asking the customer some key
questions: their budget, the size of rug
they want, the room it is destined for,
and some images from Instagram or
Pinterest to give an idea of taste. For
those who are really stumped, she can
also offer advice on the size, style and
colour of rug that might suit their
space. She will then liaise with her
suppliers until she has found a good
match: often she’ll get it right first time,
but if not, she repeats the process until
the customer is happy. The rug is sent
to her for quality control before being
delivered to its new home, and the
process generally takes about a month.
Her hot tips for spring are Azilal rugs
from Morocco – similar to the everpopular Beni Ourain (white with a
black diamond criss-cross pattern), but
often with bright pops of colour that fit
the current more-is-more aesthetic
– and Oushak carpets from Turkey,
which resemble traditional Persian
designs but come in a softer, more
contemporary palette that sits well in
modern homes.
As the summer months approach,
Mehydene also recommends
inexpensive flatweave Swedish
runners and Moroccan Boucherouite
flatweaves and kilims, made from
mixed textiles: “Lighter flatweaves are
great for the summer, when the
children are running in and out of the
house, as they’re easy to clean and
generally less valuable than a wool
rug,” she says. “The fact that they don’t
have a thick pile helps to lighten a
room and they come in wonderful
colours; the overall look is stunning. I
always recommend them to go under
dining tables, as they’re easy to shake
out, and in summer you can almost
hose them down and leave them to dry.
The colours and patterns also make
them very forgiving.”
She has also noticed that an
increasing number of customers are
buying rugs for the kitchen or
bathroom – again, colourful and
washable fabric rugs are the best
WEAVING
MAGIC
TEXTILE
TRENDS
Pink tiled rug, £125,
French Connection
(frenchconnection.
com)
choices here – and more of us are
changing our rugs with the seasons.
As long as you have the storage space,
a thick wool rug that adds comfort
and warmth during the winter can be
rolled up and stored over the spring
and summer, and replaced by thinner
flatweaves in fresher colours that can
be layered up for added interest.
After all, you wouldn’t want your
cosiest cashmere in warmer months
– and the same goes for home textiles.
From floor to wall
Omega Workshop
rug, £695,
Christopher Farr
(conranshop.co.uk)
One growing trend, says Mehydene,
is for statement rugs that hang on the
wall – Moroccan Boucherouites, with
their mix of vintage textiles and
prints, make good hangings.
Elsewhere, brands such as Deirdre
Dyson (deirdredyson.com) are
tapping into this with rugs that
resemble abstract art, while
Christopher Farr (christopherfarr.
com) and the Rug Company
(therugcompany.com) collaborate
with artists and fashion designers on
cool and complex designs.
Build your own
Variations, £975,
Christopher Farr
(conranshop.co.uk)
Garden Layers
indoor/outdoor,
£799, Gandia Blasco
(heals.com)
Face, £350, Habitat
(habitat.co.uk)
If you know what you want but are
having trouble finding it, try an
online rug-building service. Crucial
Trading (crucial-trading.com), which
specialises in seagrass, sisal, jute and
wool rugs, offers a “rug builder”
service that allows you to specify the
size, material and weave of your rug,
and add a border in a choice of
materials and colours. Similarly,
Alternative Flooring’s “make me a
rug” tool (alternativeflooring.com)
offers its range of patterns, including
designs by Ben Pentreath and Margo
Selby, in bespoke sizes and a choice
of colours and border styles.
Inside out
For the ultimate in seasonal flooring,
several companies are producing
indoor/outdoor rugs that can be left
in the garden – a quick and easy way
to spruce up a tired deck or lawn.
The best, such as those by Gandia
Blasco, available through Heal’s
(heals.com), are made from artificial
fibres processed to resemble soft
wool, yet are weather-resistant and
quick-drying. Weaver Green
(weavergreen.com) repurposes old
plastic bottles to make surprisingly
soft and decorative outdoor rugs that
are strong and washable, while on
the budget end of the scale, Ikea’s
new Sommar collection (ikea.com)
comes in geometric patterns and
bold colours, and starts from £10.
TIP S FOR CHOOSING A RUG
FROM LISA MEHYDENE
Go large
Avoid having a
sad little rug
floating in the
middle of the
room. Don’t be
intimidated by
scale: a rug
should create
impact and
interest, and a
rug that is lost
in a room won’t
achieve either.
Layer up
Layering rugs or
having multiple
rugs in one
room is a great
way to approach
covering the
floor, and lets
the eye travel.
You can layer or
position the
rugs in different
directions and
accommodate
odd room
shapes, too.
Spend v save
Opt for
affordable (and
cleanable) rugs
in high-traffic
areas and rooms
where food will
be consumed,
and invest in a
more expensive
wool rug for
the sitting
room or master
bedroom.
On-trend
colours
The beauty of
rugs is that they
don’t need to
match your
room’s colour
scheme; in fact,
it’s preferable
that they don’t,
so you can use a
rug to inject a
hit of colour and
pattern. There
has been an
upsurge in
requests for
clashing red,
pink and
orange, as well
as navy, which
works well with
other colours.
18
***
Friday 13 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
S
FEATURES
GETTY IMAGES; NETFLIX
Famous five: from
left, Van Ness, Tan
France, Antoni
Porowski, Bobby
Berk and Karamo
Brown. Right,
working
their magic
‘Queer Eye is full of
hope - that’s rare’
It’s the makeover
show that’s become
a phenomenon.
Elizabeth Day meets
its breakout star
Jonathan Van Ness
to find out more
J
onathan Van Ness never
expected to be an icon.
One day, he was quietly
minding his own business,
styling hair in salons in Los
Angeles and New York;
the next he could barely walk down
the street without being mobbed by
fans wanting selfies and quoting his
catchphrases back at him.
The reason for this transformation
in fortune is Queer Eye, a Netflix show
in which five gay lifestyle experts
travel to America’s pro-Trump Deep
South to make over the lives of men
stuck in various ruts. It has crossed
over from a cult binge-watch to
become the unexpected hit of 2018, on
both sides of the Atlantic.
The success of the series, a reboot
of the early Noughties’ Queer Eye for
the Straight Guy, has prompted earnest
opinion pieces in the New Statesman
and much discussion on the BBC
about its impact. It has racked up a 100
per cent rating on Rotten Tomatoes and
attracted a slew of high-profile fans,
including comedian Sarah Millican
and Drew Barrymore.
Why? Well, it’s far more than just a
makeover show. Sure, the “Fab Five”
each have their areas of expertise,
advising on everything from how
to wear pastels to making a mean
guacamole. Van Ness, a 31-year-old
hairstylist from Quincy, Illinois, is the
grooming expert and will often be
found extolling the benefits of beard
moisturiser to overweight middleaged men with psoriasis who barely
bother to shower in the mornings.
But the men in need of makeovers
are also, as Van Ness puts it, “struggs
to func” (short for “struggling to
function”) – in need of all kinds of
help, but lacking the emotional
wherewithal to ask for it.
Neal, an app developer, had been
depressed for years; Remy was
struggling to cope with the death of
his father; Tom had given up on love
and life after a third divorce. By setting
them on the path of self-acceptance,
inside and out, Queer Eye has tapped
into deeper questions about modern
masculinity and often left viewers,
male and female, in tears.
Van Ness proselytises the notion of
body positivity – which he says is not
about making everyone look the same,
but making them feel the best they can
about who they truly are.
“Men totally struggle with taking
care of how they look,” he tells me over
the phone from Los Angeles. “They
think it’s unnecessary or feminine or
‘extra’ and it isn’t.”
On screen, he is a fizzing bundle of
joy: snapping his fingers, flipping his
hair, seeking the good in everyone –
and addressing them as “Queen”. He is
the only person I’ve interviewed who
introduces himself by bellowing “I
love you!” down the line.
He believes a lot of the show’s
appeal comes down to the fact that it’s
feel-good television showing people
being nice to each other. In that
respect, it’s a bit like The Great British
Bake Off, but with more call for floralprint silk bomber jackets. “I think
it’s very seldom we ever talk about
anything in the political or the lifestyle
spectrum that leaves us with a taste in
the mouth that is hopeful,” Van Ness
says. “Queer Eye does that.”
He’s always itching to get his hands
on people’s grooming regimes, so
what would he do with, say, our Prime
Minister, Theresa May?
“I wouldn’t mind taking some of
that volume out of her hair. I’d shine it
up, knock it down and make it a little
sleeker, honey!”
He’s been reading about Brexit for
a weekly podcast he hosts (Getting
Curious with Jonathan Van Ness), and
says he’s obsessed with British politics:
“You know, the thing that’s amazing
about [May] is that everyone was
saying she was a dead woman walking
and she’s still kind of doing it! She’s
still there! That’s kind of cute.”
Van Ness reserves his real
enthusiasm for Nicola Sturgeon,
however: “She’s fierce. Love her. I love
that after Brexit, she was like ‘Um,
we voted Remain’ and she had this
face, like, ‘This is me not caring. See
this face I’m making? I’m not caring.
I’m running Scotland over here.’” He
whoops: “I’m, like, ‘Work, honey!’”
One of the most talked-about scenes
in the series was when the Fab Five
made over a cop, leading to a heartfelt
discussion about race and policing
in America between Karamo, the
African-American culture expert, and
Corey, the white policeman. From a
position of mutual mistrust, the two
listened to each other and respectfully
reconciled their differing viewpoints.
“It was a long-ass 30-minute
conversation,” Van Ness says. “We
didn’t know how it would come across
but they did such a beautiful job.”
The relationships don’t stop when
filming ends. Van Ness keeps in touch
with a couple of the men he helped –
including Neal and Remy.
“I didn’t realise just how much Neal
had struggled with depression. I really
feel the seeds planted that week have
changed his overall trajectory.” Pause.
“He definitely looks cuter! But inside,
too, he is more aware of his light and
his worth.”
Van Ness could relate to the issues
faced by many of the men, thanks to
his own upbringing. Growing up in
America’s mid-West, the youngest of
four, he was one of the few openly
gay students at his local high
school and became its first male
cheerleader.
He was “mercilessly bullied” and
so desperate to leave that he had a
chart on his wall where he crossed
off every day until graduation. “I did
not have a pleasurable first 17 years,”
he says. “I was gay and wore purple
tights, purple sweatshirts and Doc
Marten boots. I could not have ‘not
fitted in’ more if I’d tried.”
Van Ness moved to California
in 2009 and found a job in a salon,
earning a roster of celebrity clients
including the comedian Margaret
Cho. When Netflix announced the
reboot of Queer Eye, he was one of
thousands to apply.
“It was like cheer[leader] tryouts
from hell,” he says. “You never knew
when you were going to get cut.
Three brutal days, honey.”
Van Ness met the other team
members for the first time while
filming and they are now best friends
in real life: “Antoni [food expert]
knows that when I’m in New York
on Wednesdays, we check with each
other before we make plans because
that’s our palling around day. If
anyone touched Bobby’s hair with a
highlighter comb that wasn’t mine…”
he lets the thought drift, appalled.
“I bought a bunch of stuff from
Zara the other day and messaged Tan
[clothing expert, and the only Brit]
like, 1,500 times… I’m definitely the
baby of the group, both in terms of
years and emotional maturity. They
know all my secrets.”
Happily for its growing legion
of fans, Queer Eye will return for a
second series. What can we expect?
“You can look forward to a more
diverse crew of heroes.”
Hang on, does that mean they
might be making over women?
“Like I said,” and Van Ness repeats
himself with great deliberation,
enunciating each word. I can hear his
smile all the way across the Atlantic.
Theresa May better watch out.
Queen Eye is a Netflix Original series
and is available now
M A N F R I D AY
SPRING
C OV E R-U P S
Duster coats
and workwear;
outerwear got the
shift in seasons,
says Stephen Doig
W
hile the world
preoccupies
itself with
chatter over
cover-ups with greater
implications, permit us to
keep this section currentaffairs-free and blissfully
devoid of the latest circus
at the not-so-whiter-thanWhite House. So in the
hopeful supposition that
you will, in fact, require a
spring wardrobe in the
coming weeks instead of a
hazmat suit to stave off
the nuclear Armageddon,
it’s time to think about
your jacket now that a
shift in seasons is
tentatively upon us. It’s
been a winter of
discontent (in so many
ways), and one that’s
dragged on endlessly.
Which has resulted in
cumbersome coats and
swaddling jackets even as
ke
the cherry blossoms make
a timid appearance.
Suede may be a tricky
number for April
showers, but it’s a winnerr
il
for spring – just wait until
the sky is a merry shade of
blue. It’s supple and
lightweight, but sturdy
and substantial for
transient weather and
brings with it a richness
and depth. It carries
connotations of Davy
Crockett-rustic
Americana, but in
varieties like the
Harrington jacket or the
d
bomber it looks sleek and
dynamic, plus it’s highly
strokeable.
The notion of utility
Berluti’s spring jackets on
the catwalk
workwear might seem best
confined to the penny
farthing-going hipsters of
east London and Brooklyn,
a breezy cotton jacket – one
that might labour under
the banner of “workwear”
(that is clothes that were
initially worn for blue
collar work) – is an easy
slip-on-and-go item for
spring; the pared-back
simplicity of it and lack of
extraneous detail (bar
patch pockets) make it a
fluid, transitional item.
Which brings us neatly
to a hybrid that’s been in
the sartorial works for a
while now; the “shacket”.
That is, a halfway house
between a shirt and a
jacket, a garment that’s of a
heavier bulk than a shirt
but not as weighty as a
jacket. It’s a category that’s
grown to such a degree that
e-tailer Mr P has an entire
category devoted to the
“shirt jacket”. And while a
Duster coat, £190,
cosstores.com
Utility jacket, £199,
albamclothing.com
Our Legacy suede jacket, £623,
farfetch.com
Suede jacket, £739,
oliverspencer.co.uk
Seersucker jacket, £49.99,
S
zara.com
Altea shirt jacket, £315,
mrporter.com
ttrench coat should always
have a place in your
h
wardrobe – it’s a classic
w
llinchpin alongside sharp
jjeans and a pristine white
sshirt – it’s also worth
iinvestigating the duster
coat as a spring investment.
c
It might sound a tad
iindustrial, but the duster
coat evolved as a
c
llightweight, sweeping item
ffor 19th century pioneers to
don as they rode horseback
d
across the great plains to
protect their clothes. And
that unstructured
silhouette and fluidity has
followed suit in today’s
interpretations, with
rounded shoulders and
raglan sleeves that are
easily yanked. They also
afford a pleasing degree of
“swishing” as you make
your way amongst the
daffodils, but that might
just be me.
***
The Daily Telegraph Friday 13 April 2018
udith Woods
Email
Judith. Woods
@telegraph.co.uk
Twitter
@judithwoods
Divorce shouldn’t
mean a megabucks
meal ticket for life
ivorce: from the Latin
word meaning, “to rip
out a man’s genitals
D
through his wallet.”
That was how the late,
great Robin Williams
described the aftermath of two failed
marriages when I met him back in 2011.
He’d just got hitched for the third time,
which he conceded with a grin was
“like bringing a burns victim to a
firework display”. There’s something
about divorce that both fascinates and
repels us, and very definitely brings
out our prurient side. Forthcoming
BBC legal drama The Split focuses on a
family firm of divorce lawyers and stars
Nicola Walker and Stephen Mangan, a
couple of lawyers who find themselves
at the centre of a marital crisis; it
promises to be utterly gripping.
Divorce is one of those awful life
events that cries out for a wisecrack;
the more ascetic (borderline bitter) the
better. It may easily be as stressful and
traumatic as bereavement or
redundancy and, when children are
involved, heartbreaking, but there’s
still a tendency for black humour.
Just this week Australian actor
Russell Crowe got up on stage and
joked around with bidders at his
bizarre auction, the Art of Divorce,
which saw him raise $3.7 million from
flogging off his memorabilia and
personal effects ostensibly to bankroll
his split from Danielle Spencer,
mother of his two sons.
This extraordinary occasion saw him
sell everything from a leather jockstrap
to a broken Rolex as well as a top-class
collection of Australian art, yet
somehow it seemed more dignified
than John Cleese’s infamous 2011
“Alimony” tour. Cleese needed to pay
for his split from his third wife, Alyce
Faye Eichelberger, caustically
observing that he last time he paid for
sex it had cost him $20 million.
Whether we admit to it or not, when
high-profile, or high-net-worth
couples split and end up arguing over
cash in court, it’s impossible not to
gawp in wonder and disbelief from the
sidelines, especially when the sums
involved are nothing short of dizzying.
Take Ocado boss Tim Steiner, who
left his wife of 14 years and four
children in 2016. He then went on to
live with a 29-year-old Polish lingerie
model (yes, it reads like an utterly lame
cliché) and used £68 million of shares
as collateral to cover his divorce.
That’s the thing about divorce, the
emotional side tends to get eclipsed by
the show-stopping budget.
Here in Britain, there’s no shortage
of big bucks. London is deemed the
divorce capital of the world – for wives,
at any rate. English judges have a
reputation for regarding marriage as a
50/50 partnership and see
homemaking on a par with
breadwinning, which means wealth
acquired during the marriage is fairly
Legal wrangling: Annabel Scholey and
Nicola Walker in new BBC drama The Split
split. We might take that for granted,
but for those who come from more
paternalistic (for which read macho
and/or misogynist) cultures, this idea
of equality is unthinkable, which is
why shrewd wives read the lay of the
land and instruct expensive lawyers
(ironically paid for by their husbands)
to file for divorce in London.
Back in 2012 it was found that a sixth
of divorce cases heard by English
courts involved foreign nationals. Of
the cases where huge sums were
involved, half were international
couples. As to who is entitled to a
divorce in England, it’s a complex issue
based on residence and domicile, but
it’s no exaggeration to say that wealthy
men will do anything they can to avoid
their case being heard here.
Last month Russian oligarch
Farkhad Akhmedov, embroiled in
Britain’s biggest divorce battle, was
accused of trying to hide his
£350 million superyacht (complete
with nine decks, a pair of helipads and,
in a nod to cosy domesticity, an
anti-missile system) from his ex-wife,
Tatiana. She was awarded a
£453 million settlement in 2016 but
claims that so far she has received
nothing. He says as they are both
Russian he does not recognise the
authority of the British court.
Frankly it’s hard to disagree with
him but these affairs (pun intended) are
all so byzantine it’s impossible for
anyone other than a £600-an-hour
divorce lawyer to understand.
But change is in the air, after a
divorcee was awarded £9.76 million
and £175,000 annual maintenance
payments for the rest of her life – yet
returned to court to ask for more from
her ex-husband William Waggott, the
finance director of TUI travel.
What Kim Waggott actually got was
a very big shock. The Appeal Court
judge told her in no uncertain terms
that she was not entitled to a meal
ticket for life and then ruled her
maintenance payments should stop
after three years.
He also suggested that the former
finance controller of UCI cinemas go
get a job if she wanted more money.
Yet last year there was a
pronouncement by a Supreme Court
judge that it was unrealistic for older
wives to be left to “fend for
themselves” if they have devoted years
to rearing a family. This came just
weeks after surveyor Graham Mills
was ordered to increase monthly
maintenance payments to his ex-wife
Maria, after she mismanaged her
£230,000 divorce settlement on poor
financial investments.
To widespread astonishment, her
maintenance was raised from £1,100
to £1,441 a month. Fair or utter
madness? Even the legal community is
confused. I’m thinking madness
because life isn’t fair (even if the
original settlement was).
Lawyer and cross-bench peer
Baroness Deech has criticised this
“old-fashioned, over-chivalrous”
approach of the country’s senior
divorce judges and has called for a
three-year cap for most maintenance
payments, which is already in place
in Scottish law.
Something certainly needs to be
done about the erratic nature of a
judiciary that sends out mixed signals,
not just to the super-rich but ordinary
families. Is three years too little? A
lifetime definitely sounds too long. As
the wrangling continues, we’re all agog.
To paraphrase the old truism:
nobody really knows what goes on
inside any marriage, but we clamour
for a ringside seat at the divorce.
Stop children picking
wild flowers? I only
wish they would start
W
here do you stand on
picking wild flowers?
Oh no! Not there! Oh
well, that’s the UK’s endangered
lady orchid population gone for
a burton.
The trouble with allowing
townies into the countryside is
that their urban urchins will
insist on running riot and
picking the wild flowers. That’s
always been the received
wisdom at any rate.
But now conservation charity
Plantlife says that it’s fine for
children to pick abundant
blooms of 12 varieties, such as
buttercups and oxeye daisies, so
they will become curious about
the wealth of other plants that
inhabit our fields and
hedgerows. The chap from the
National Beekeeping Centre for
Wales was a lot more hardline;
and understandably so, given
that 97 per cent of our
meadowland has been lost in
his lifetime.
Picking primroses is a
gateway to digging them up and
taking them home to our
gardens, he insisted.
Dandelions were
so important to
honeybees
that we must
only look and
never touch.
It’s a tough
dilemma, but
on balance I’m
with Plantlife on this
one; my love of nature
was sparked by
exploring it hands-on as a child
and the more I learned, the
greater my respect.
I can still tell my wild
cranesbill from my herb robert
and our ancient copy of The
Observer’s Book of Wildflowers
remains required loo reading.
John Humphrys incidentally
wondered aloud on air why
dandelions were associated
with wetting the bed. The
French word for them is
pissenlit on account of their
diuretic effects; extracts and tea
can be bought in health food
shops.
But back to our woodlands
and clifftops; much as I
understand why custodians of
the land want to protect wild
flowers from the attentions of
marauding children, I fear they
are more than a little out of
touch.
These days, vanishingly
few kids have any
interest in seeing
wild flowers, much
less picking them
– and to my mind
that is a far greater
tragedy than joyfully
plucking the odd handful
of cow parsley or a fistful
of dog violets.
Up with the
larks? You’ll
live longer than
the night owls
‘T
CREDIT
Online
telegraph.co.uk/
opinion
Please,
Mariah,
don’t ever
stop being
a diva!
The show must go
on: Mariah Carey,
above, recently
revealed her
struggle with
bipolar disorder
I
s it just me
feeling a bit
irrationally
disappointed to
discover that
Mariah Carey’s
gloriously
demanding
behaviour could
be due to bipolar
disorder?
While I extend
all sympathy to
the 48-year-old
singer, who is
now receiving
effective
medication, it
would be such a
pity if she
suddenly
dropped her
extravagantly
unreasonable
dressing room
riders – a basket
of 20 white
kittens and 200
hundred snowy
doves! A
dedicated
chewing gum
attendant!
Vitamin water to
wash her dogs!
Mariah the
myth maker
must never be
reduced to
mundane
requests for a
bowl of red
M&Ms and a
four-pack of
Fanta Zero. In
fact, I suggest
she ups the ante
and demands
cream-coloured
ponies and crisp
apple strudel,
doorbells and
sleigh bells and
schnitzel with
noodles.
Our favourite
diva must surely
triumph over
any diagnosis;
on stage and
offstage, please
let the glitzy,
ritzy show go on.
here is a romance,” wrote
Robert Louis Stevenson,
“about all those who are
abroad in the black hours.”
By romance, I assume he meant of
the dashing highwayman or smuggler
ilk rather than the hanky-panky
variety, because I don’t know a single
couple who go to bed at the same time.
For my part, I am an insufferable
lark married to an inveterate night
owl. We don’t so much roost side by
side as swap places entirely. I think of
it as hot nesting; like hot desking but
without the previous incumbent’s
coffee stains. I’ve often thought we
could downsize to a single bed –
perhaps with a mirror and a bell at the
end – without too much upheaval.
But given that new research from
the University of Surrey and
Northwestern University in the US has
revealed owls pop off their proverbial
perches sooner, I’d prefer to make the
most of any precious pre-dawn
moments we do spend together.
Apparently people who prefer to
stay up late bingeing on box sets have
a 10 per cent higher risk of early death
due to daytime exhaustion and the
pressure of adapting to their external
environment.
Owls also have increased likelihood
of depression, diabetes and
neurological disorders. This is clearly
no time to crow that “early to bed,
early to rise, makes a man healthy,
wealthy and wise”, not least because
other studies have shown owls to be
more creative and intelligent whereas
we sensible larks make reliable civil
servants and accountants.
I could also point out that in nature
most owls are crepuscular not
nocturnal, but that’s just not the sort
of smartass thing even an unreliable
accountant would say.
The good news is that with patience
and application owls can alter the
circadian rhythm that governs sleep.
But how would I feel about my
spouse joining me in the mornings? At
present I can preen, flutter and
chirrup away to my heart’s content; I
am the Lark Ascending and one per
household is more than enough.
19
20
***
Friday 13 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
FEATURES
Can one
of these
women
win the
National?
Dark horses: Rachael
Blackmore, left, is 40/1; Bryony
Frost, below left, is 33/1; and
Katie Walsh is 16/1 to finish first
in the world-famous race
The three female jockeys in
tomorrow’s race could ride into
history, says Rosa Silverman
W
hen the 40
runners and riders
gather at the
starting line at
Aintree on
Saturday, it will be
a Grand National like no other seen
in the past 30 years. For the first time
since 1988, three female jockeys will
be in their number. And for the first
time ever, all three will be on good
horses.
The excitement is mounting well
beyond the racecourse: could either
Katie Walsh, Rachael Blackmore or
Bryony Frost become the first female
jockey to take home the £561,300
prize for first place? It is, without
doubt, the best chance there has
been of this outcome since Charlotte
Brew became the first female rider to
take part in the National in 1977 – and
betting activity around Walsh, in
particular, has been intense.
Ladbrokes has reported a “rush of
money” on her becoming the first
ever female jockey to triumph in the
world’s best known steeplechase.
Walsh, 33, is the woman who has
come closest to winning, taking third
place on Seabass in 2012. But to
28-year-old Blackmore, at least, the
significance of being a female rider is
not foremost in her mind. “Being
female or male doesn’t really enter
into it,” she tells me. “I would just like
to win the race. I’m really looking
forward to it and delighted to get the
opportunity.”
Nevertheless, if the National is won
by a female jockey, the impact will be
enormous.
“The house will come down if one of
them wins. I don’t think there’ll be a
dry eye on the racecourse,” predicts
Naomi Lawson of Great British Racing,
the official marketing and promotional
body.
Having three women competing
this year is, she argues, “brilliant for
the sport”, which is one of the few
where men and women can compete
on an equal platform. “There have
always been talented female riders and
it’s great there are three in this year’s
Grand National because there’s no
doubt this is the biggest race in the
world,” she says. “These three are
brilliant role models. They’re talented
and successful.”
Indeed, Walsh, from Kildare in
Ireland, whose mount Baie Des Iles is
trained by Ross O’Sullivan, her
husband, won the Kerry National in
2014 and the Irish Grand National in
2015. But then, racing is in her blood:
she is the youngest daughter of Ted
Walsh, the well-known former
champion amateur and trainer, while
Ruby, her elder brother, has won the
Grand National twice.
Blackmore, from County Tipperary,
who will ride Alpha Des Obeaux this
Saturday, won 35 races last season as
one of only three female professional
jockeys in Ireland. Meanwhile Frost,
22, who will ride Milansbar, only
turned professional last July but
clinched her first win at the
Cheltenham Festival in March.
Yet, the three jockeys remain part of
a minority in their sport. More than
four decades after the passing of the
Sex Discrimination Act in 1977, analysis
of a 14 year racing period –
incorporating more than a million
individual rides – has found that just
5.2 per cent were taken by women. In
Class 1 races – including the National
– just 1.1 per cent of rides went to
female jockeys, while only 11.3 per
cent of professional jockey licences are
held by women. They are, however,
just as good. The study, carried out by
Vanessa Cashmore, a work-based
learning manager at the Northern
Racing College, compared the
performance of male and female
jockeys in Britain, and found that
although female jockeys have far
fewer race-riding opportunities,
their performance is equal to that
of the men.
So why are we not seeing more
female big winners?
“Although professional horse racing
dates back to the early 18th century,
women were not able to apply for a
jockey licence until the 1970s,”
Cashmore says. “Initially female
jockeys were confined to a limited
series of ‘ladies’ races and were only
permitted to ride as amateurs, but by
the late 1970s the Jockey Club [horse
racing’s governing body at the time]
conceded to gender equality
legislation and allowed women to
pursue careers as professional
jockeys.”
But, she explains, the lack of parity
may be thanks to a vicious cycle.
“Since we know from the study that
females are given rides on horses
with a lower chance of winning, their
observed performance figures will
be lower than that of their male
counterparts.
“Habitually riding the ‘long shots’
may reinforce the opinion that
female jockeys are less effective…
Consequently, women may receive
fewer rides on the best horses within
a race and will therefore be unable to
demonstrate their ability to be
competitive. And so the cycle
continues,” she says.
When Walsh, Blackmore and Frost
compete tomorrow, it is hoped by
many fans and punters that this
feedback loop might finally be
broken. Ladbrokes is offering odds of
10/1 on a female National winner this
year, with the odds on first place for
Walsh’s mount slashed from 33/1 to
16/1 this week. At the time of writing,
the bookmaker had Frost at 33/1 to
win, while Blackmore was 40/1.
Nicola McGeady of Ladbrokes says
that women across the country will
be betting on the female jockeys.
“Katie Walsh and Baie Des Iles are
the ultimate girl power pairing,” she
says. “Walsh came so close to
winning the Grand National back in
2012, but this year there is a real
belief that she can go all the way and
make history.”
There is, of course, an element of
luck in the National, which any rider
would be quick to acknowledge. But
as the most high profile event in the
sport, the symbolism of a female
victory cannot be underestimated
and would arguably help speed up a
process that has already begun.
“Recent high profile wins among
female jockeys demonstrate real
progress and will undoubtedly help
drive the growing enthusiasm for
supporting female riders,” says
Cashmore. “This progress on the
track, combined with research
evidence, has the potential to drive
positive changes to perception
around the performance of female
riders.
“Once the opportunities are
available, female jockeys will be able
to showcase their talent and prove
themselves. Nick Rust, head of the
British Horseracing Authority, has
been quoted as predicting a female
champion jockey within the next five
years and I don’t think that this is
unrealistic.”
Blackmore, meanwhile, appears to
be keeping a level head. “I’ll try to
approach it like I would any other
race,” she said earlier this week. “I’m
not superstitious, so I won’t be
worrying about whether I’m wearing
my lucky socks. You have to trust to
your instincts.”
The Daily Telegraph Friday 13 April 2018
***
21
22
***
Friday 13 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
***
The Daily Telegraph Friday 13 April 2018
23
Arts
The Goon Show: Harry Secombe, Michael Bentine, Spike Milligan and Peter Sellers
Coventry. (“Peter [Sellers] and Harry
[Secombe] were banging on the door
shouting ‘let us in’” – Milligan was
standing on a chair with a rope pulled
tight around his neck – “It was only in
a sense of fun.”)
“When I met him, I was slightly
trepidatious, because I had heard
about his moods,” says Palin. “He
could be a bit prickly but he could also
be terrifically friendly, considerate and
encouraging. We both felt that the
BBC didn’t quite get our shows. He
could be very, very funny, but much of
the time he was very worried about
why he had this talent, and how he
could use it best, and was it running
out?”
Manic depression is one of the
things the public associate with
Milligan – who made his name in the
Fifties radio comedy The Goon Show
with Sellers and Secombe and went on
to star in TV comedies as well as write
plays, novels, children’s poems and
hilarious memoirs of his time in the
war – as well as his zany persona. But
Jane Milligan says there were other
sides to her father’s personality.
“A lot of people don’t get it that he
was a very disciplined man, that’s the
only way he got it all done,” she says.
“We lived in a beautiful house in north
London. When you opened the front
door, you would not think this
‘eccentric genius’ lived there. It was a
stunning, organised, Victorian home,
Ahead of a new radio
show, Michael Palin
and Spike Milligan’s
daughter Jane share
their memories of
the iconic comedian
with Chris Harvey
S
ixteen years after Spike
Milligan’s death, Michael
Palin still misses him.
“I think Spike’s way of
looking at the world is still
the way I look at it,” says
the former Python.
“Sometimes I long for
someone to press the ‘absurd’ button.
[His comedy] gave us a glimpse that
there was a world beyond this world
– he saw beyond restrictions and
formalities and controls, he looked
around the side and said, ‘These are
just silly people with funny hats on
and strange voices telling us these
things.’ That’s what was so liberating
about it.”
Palin’s recollections of his sometime
collaborator coincide with Milligan’s
100th birthday, which would have
been this coming Monday, an
anniversary Palin is marking with a
two-part Radio 4 show about the
comedian. Spike Milligan: Inside Out
includes touching stories from both
Palin and Milligan’s daughter Jane, as
well as clips from previously unheard
interviews with his biographer
Pauline Scudamore, recorded between
1980 and 1985.
They include Milligan’s own
account of how he was wounded by a
shell during the Second World War
(“there was this ‘bang’, like a red
noise”) and the story of his supposed
suicide attempt after an encounter
with an unresponsive audience in
GETTY IMAGES; BBC; MIRRORPIX
‘Spike feared
his talent
might run out’
not the crazy loony bin you might have
imagined, not in the slightest, the
opposite.”
Jane remembers him as a magical
father, who would create bedtime
stories for her and draw pictures to
accompany them on a blackboard. He
was also a committed environmental
and animal rights activist.
When he was depressed, she says,
he preferred his children’s company to
that of anyone else.
“I knew he would be having a bad
time about the world sometimes. He
only really liked seeing the kids when
he was down, he wasn’t that into
adults, so I delivered a lot of tea to his
room. There was always a smile.”
Milligan had divorced from his first
wife, musical theatre actress June
Marlow, in 1960 after eight years of
marriage. Unusually for the time,
Milligan won custody of their three
children.
In a remarkable 1975 interview with
David Dimbleby on a bizarre series
called Face Your Image, in which
celebrities were confronted with
negative comments made about them
by friends and colleagues, Milligan
was asked to respond to Peter Sellers’
claim that after his marriage break-up
he had come to hate women.
“No, I don’t hate women,” protested
Milligan. “My first wife was a very fine
woman and I was in the middle of a
terrible nervous breakdown … I must
have been abominable, and she
couldn’t stand it, that’s all.”
He married his second wife, Patricia
“Paddy” Ridgeway, in 1962. She was
26; Milligan was 44, but she took on
the role of mother to his children. The
couple had Jane four years later.
Milligan was a popular figure. He
was friends with the Beatles; George
Martin was his best man at his
wedding to Paddy; Jane remembers
Dusty Springfield and James Mason
visiting her father, among others. “I
remember James Coburn coming to
the house and playing my flute – he
was going out with [singer] Lynsey de
Paul at the time.”
Indie darlings come out fighting
they were by the next track, as a
familiar kick drum signalled the start
of Rebellion (Lies), their surging
anthem from the 2004 debut
Funeral. As frontman Win Butler
querulously cried out “Lies! Lies!”,
against swelling strings, his multiinstrumentalist brother William,
thrashing furiously at a drum, threw
himself repeatedly against the ropes.
Indeed, to watch Arcade Fire is to
be reminded why they are still such a
formidable force. At Wembley, their
dynamism, and their ability to find a
perfect balance between earnestness
and carnivalesque frivolity, appeared
not to have been dimmed one iota.
Hits such as Neighbourhood #1
(Tunnels), Intervention and My Body is
a Cage were all given their dues.
There was room, too, for Chrissie
Pop
Arcade Fire
Wembley Arena
★★★★★
By Patrick Smith
GETTY IMAGES
F
or more than a decade Arcade
Fire seemed invincible, their
stadium-sweeping blend of heart,
grandeur and arch principles making
them the ultimate indie-rock success
story. There were number one albums,
Grammy Awards and sell-out arena
tours across the world. But then last
year came the first significant backlash
of the band’s career: their frothy fifth
studio album, Everything Now,
received muted reviews, while the ad
campaign that accompanied it, with its
elaborate eye-rolling at capitalism and
corporations, was widely derided.
It clearly smarted – and in the face
of such opprobrium, the Montreal
eight-piece came out fighting on
Wednesday night at Wembley Arena.
Quite literally, in fact. Performing in
a mock-up boxing ring in the middle
of the crowd, they were introduced
by a compère in the manner of a
prizefighter. “Ladies and gentlemen,”
he boomed, “it’s now time for the
main event.”
With no shortage of bombast, they
opened defiantly with the album’s
title track – a song about information
overload that disarms you with its
Abba-like piano hooks and catchy
African flute solo. If the audience –
not a packed one, it must be said
– weren’t rapturous by that point,
Hynde, who, looking slightly
bamboozled by the miscellany of
instruments surrounding her,
entered the ring to duet with Butler
on her Pretenders number Don’t
Get Me Wrong.
On a couple of occasions, Régine
Chassagne, Butler’s wife, took lead
vocal, her crystalline falsetto flowing
over drums and synths on the dreamy
Electric Blue and later driving forward
the disco banger Sprawl II (Mountains
Beyond Mountains).
As ever, though, the set’s pinnacle
came via Wake Up, the thunderous
hymn to life for which they were
joined by Hynde and support act
Preservation Hall Jazz Band. Arcade
Fire may no longer be undefeated, but
they’re certainly the undisputed
heavyweight champions of the world.
Ringside seats: Arcade Fire at Wembley Arena
She also recalls the evening, when
she was 13, that Prince Charles came to
dinner. “They were good pals,” she
says. They sat reading each other work
by the “worst poet of all time” William
McGonagall – a hero of Milligan’s.
“The two of them found him
hysterically funny and just read to
each other by the fire in the drawing
room. He stayed into the early hours of
Funny old life: Spike
Milligan, above;
and, right, in
character for his
sketch show Q.
Below, with his
second wife Paddy
holding their
daughter Jane at
her christening in
London in 1966
the morning until they couldn’t talk
any more, because they were laughing
too much.”
Jane’s childhood, however, was
blighted by tragedy. Paddy died from
breast cancer in 1978. Jane recalls the
night before her death. “It was a
terrible trauma to be summoned to the
room to be told the worst news in the
world. I was 11. He tried to tell me that
she wasn’t going to be there in the
morning, and he couldn’t actually do
it, so my nan did it. I’d never seen him
cry. All four of us were there and my
darling nan (the family nanny Jean
Reed).”
In his grief, Jane says, Milligan
threw himself into writing, painting
and composing on the piano,
swimming and playing squash. (He
would later marry for a third time to a
BBC employee, Shelagh Sinclair, 25
years his junior.) He would also
continue making television shows.
A long-acknowledged influence on
the Pythons, Milligan’s Q5 television
show was first aired on BBC Two in
March 1969. While the material could
be unfiltered and patchy, it featured
inspired sketches such as the Operatic
Singing Relay and the Grandmother
Hurling Contest – in which grannies
were catapulted off the cliffs of Beachy
Head – either of which could have
appeared in Monty Python’s Flying
Circus, which followed in October
1969, and was shot by the same
director, Ian McNaughton.
Milligan was only finally
commissioned for a new series, Q6,
after Monty Python had ended in
December 1974. Had Palin ever
worried that the Pythons had stolen
Milligan’s thunder? “I think we were
producing our own material,” he says.
“Occasionally it looked very, very
close to Spike’s, and that’s why I
worried if Spike on the odd occasion
got a little bit spiky about it. At times
he would say, ‘You know you got it all
from me.’”
Some of Milligan’s humour has
dated. One famous sketch involves a
Dalek husband arriving home to his
human wife late from work after
exterminating the other commuters,
speaking in Dalek with an Asian
accent, shooting the family dog and
announcing: “Put. It. In. The. Curry.”
“I’m not a racialist but I love racial
humour,” Milligan once told an
interviewer. He also had a fondness for
stockings-and-suspenders-clad
women in his sketches.
“He would certainly be considered
politically incorrect in some ways, but
I don’t think that’s of any importance
at all,” says Palin. “Spike was an
instinctive comedian.”
“He was a very gentle,
compassionate soul,” says Jane
Milligan. When a tabloid newspaper
took a swipe at him after his death in
2002, aged 83, “it really hurt me and it
hurt my family,” she adds. “I’m sure
there are people out there who didn’t
like Dad, of course, it’s life … but they
tried to make him out to be mad. That
was inaccurate.”
“The great gift that Spike had was
that he didn’t see the world logically at
all,” says Palin. “He saw it at an angle.
And he gave so many of us such joy
and pleasure.”
Spike Milligan: Inside Out is on BBC Radio
4 on Monday at 11.30am
24
***
Friday 13 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Arts
A wacky, intense art teacher like no other
Gillian Ayres at
home in her studio
at Bude, Cornwall,
left. Right: Ayres in
1963; and one of
her bold, colourful
abstract works,
below left
Mark Hudson looks
back fondly on his
time as a student in
Winchester with
the great abstract
painter Gillian Ayres,
who died this week
M
y first significant
encounter with
Gillian Ayres, as a
student at Winchester
School of Art, took
place in the late
Seventies, in the crowded buffet car of
a morning commuter train from
Waterloo to Winchester. There Ayres,
newly appointed head of painting, sat
amid a group of other tutors, a
romantically dishevelled figure. Her
mass of greying blonde hair wreathed
in cigarette smoke, she held forth in
rhapsodic tones on the brilliance of the
Venetian Renaissance painter
Tintoretto as a psychologist – “one of
the greatest,” she
maintained, “who ever
lived.” But what really
riveted my attention
was the inch-long
column of ash
teetering at the tip of
her cigarette that
appeared about to
collapse at any moment
into her untouched
cup of coffee.
The fact that Ayres’s
cigarette held together
until the train arrived at
Winchester station
seems an apt metaphor
for an artist who, at
least to some of her
i
students at the college, may sometimes
have appeared unimaginably vague
and off-with-the-fairies, but who had
the steeliness to sustain a career at the
forefront of British art for more than six
decades. She arrived in Winchester in
1978, two years after I did, during a
deeply uncertain period in British art.
The euphoric movements of the Sixties
– conceptualism, minimalism, pop art
– were still around, but no longer the
potent force they once were. To the
average British art student there was
little sense of direction, either at
Winchester or in the wider art scene in
general. Art definitely did not seem like
it would ever be the new rock’n’roll.
Indeed, I’d abandoned painting at
‘She’d
encourage
you to work
on a really
big scale.
The idea
there might
be a budget
probably
never entered
her head’
W
Winchester,
d
deeming it
ir
irrelevant to the era
o
of punk and
in
industrial unrest,
a taken up
and
fi
filmmaking.
db
Ayres h
had
been part of a wave of
young British abstract painters who in
the late Fifties blasted away the cosy
provincialism of post-war British art,
and who in photographs of the time,
radiated a cool sex appeal, like an
English rose-beatnik in blue jeans.
With her philosophy of panoramic
lyrical abstraction, she had been
brought to Winchester by William
Crozier, the then-head of fine art, who
wanted, as I recall, to “shake things up”.
Ayres, the first woman to become head
of painting in a British art college,
immediately had a huge impact. The
college, on the riverbank in the sleepy
and then run-down cathedral town,
was tiny and no one could be unaware
of Ayres’s defiantly untidy presence.
She was a bit posh, a bit wacky, and
totally disinterested in her appearance.
Art teachers don’t tend to wear
three-piece suits but even by their
standards the chain-smoking Ayres cut
a rumpled figure. You could usually tell
when Ayres had dropped into the
canteen for a coffee and a cake: there
would be a mayhem of butts and cake
crumbs left all over the table. One of my
friends referred to her as “The Mess”.
Nevertheless her radical influence
on the students was extraordinary.
Within months of her arrival a
substantial number had stopped
painting aimless landscapes and started
producing large-scale, gestural,
Ayresesque abstracts – a development
that had more to do with Ayres’s force
of personality than any kind of
systematic instruction. Compared to
today, when bureaucratic paperwork
dominates every aspect of education,
back then teachers in art schools didn’t
really teach, they just hung out. Ayres’s
approach was all about enabling the
natural artist in the student, rather than
telling them how to paint. She would
simply turn up in the corner of a studio
where you were working and start
talking about your painting in totally
abstract, near-mystical terms.
On other occasions I remember she
or one of the like-minded painters she’d
brought in to teach, such as the British
abstractionist John McLean and the
artist Clyde Hopkins, would engage in a
group crit in which students would talk
in hushed voices about abstract marks
made by a student on a blank canvas.
Never mind what the marks might
“mean”: for Ayres, the idea that a
message or a story should exist outside
of what was physically present on
canvas was anathema. She was
concerned only with getting it – a kind
of impulsive life-force – on the canvas
and she barely conceded the relevance
of anything not visually apparent.
“Gillian exuded this enthusiasm for
painting, for colour and materials, and
the idea you could and should stick
with a painting until something
happened,” says Gill Ord, a friend of
mine in the year below and now a
noted artist in her own right. “There
was a paint store at the college with
masses of paint and rolls of canvas and
she’d encourage you to work on a really
big scale. The idea that there might be a
budget probably never entered her
head. And she’d get into a really intense
conversation about painting with you
just about anywhere, on a staircase or
when you were up a ladder with paint
dripping everywhere. You’d be putting
brush to canvas and she’d be saying,
‘What does one do, does one let it all
flow or does one try to control it?’, as
paint was flooding down the canvas.
But to her that was all good.”
Suddenly, the studios at Winchester
were full of students throwing paint at
canvases in exhilarated, excited
abandon. Without realising it Ord and
her peers were taking part in the
revival of what Ayres had pioneered in
the Fifties but which was now taking
place on a much larger scale. One of the
most significant tendencies in late 20th
century British art, it became known as
lyrical abstraction. Exemplified by
Ayres as well as Howard Hodgkin, John
Hoyland, Albert Irvin and others, it was
effectively the rebirth of the painterly
values of the Abstract Expressionist era:
large-scale canvases, exuberant sensual
brushwork and – particularly in Ayres’s
case – an almost gastronomic
enthusiasm for colour. These were
qualities unfettered from the need to be
about anything other than themselves:
pure painting if you like, but with a
touch of English pastoral lurking in its
exuberant surfaces.
Yet the perceived antiintellectualism of this attitude and her
indifference to external theories about
art made Ayres an unfashionable figure.
She resigned from her position at
Winchester in 1981, the victim, she
claimed, of a new managerial tendency
in art education, though she had also
fallen out with some colleagues on the
matter of whether art history should
be taught. Since nothing, in Ayres’s
view, should inhibit the excitement of
the student’s personal discovery of
other artists’ work, she naturally
believed it shouldn’t.
That’s a view that disregards the
needs of the majority of students who,
unless pointed to what’s worthwhile
will never find it, in favour of the
talented and committed minority who
will seek out the greatest art whatever
the odds.
While Gillian Ayres was amiable and
generous both as artist and human
being, it was inevitably only those
students who shared her all-consuming
passion for art, to the exclusion of
anything else, that she was really
interested in. And unfashionably
undemocratic as that may sound, why,
frankly, should it have been otherwise?
Obituary: Page 27
***
The Daily Telegraph Friday 13 April 2018
25
Film
A family torn apart by
terror tactics and fury
Custody
15 cert, 94 min
★★★★★
Dir Xavier Legrand Starring Léa
Drucker, Denis Ménochet, Thomas
Gioria, Mathilde Auneveux, Mathieu
Saïkaly, Florence Janas
By Tim Robey
WARNER BROS
D
Gorilla war: Dwayne Johnson stars in Rampage, in which a giant gorilla destroys Chicago
Silly, boisterous and brilliant
Robbie Collin
CHIEF FILM CRITIC
Rampage
12A cert, 107 min
★★★★★
Dir Brad Peyton Starring Dwayne
Johnson, Naomie Harris, Jeffrey
Dean Morgan, Malin Akerman,
Jake Lacy
A
mere fortnight after
Jumanji: Welcome to the
Jungle left British
cinemas, here comes
Dwayne Johnson again
with a similarly hushed
and introspective tale about the love
between a man and his giant albino
gorilla. Rampage is based on a cult
Eighties video game in which three
enormous beasts lay waste to a
pixelated cityscape, but it has clearly
been devised as a bespoke Johnson
project, playing to the former
wrestler’s action-star strengths while
shearing off anything that might slow
down the ride. And it is exactly how
these big, thick destruction films
should be done: the script is
boisterously funny, the action
sequences have real flair, and the
central human-primate friendship is
even quite moving. You might wonder
how it could be possible for anyone to
convincingly express tenderness on
screen towards an outsized beast with
a gimlet glare and arms that could rip
the turret off a tank, but somehow the
gorilla manages to inspire it.
His name is George and when the
film begins, he is happily ensconced in
a wildlife sanctuary in San Diego,
joshing via sign language with his
primatologist best bud Davis Okoye
(Johnson). But trouble drops by in the
form of a canister of experimental
nerve agent called CRISPR, which falls
into his enclosure from an exploding
space station, and sends George’s
growth rate and temper into overdrive.
The same accident plays out twice
more elsewhere in America. Soon
enough, there are three berserk
monsters converging on downtown
Chicago, and only one man with the
zoological nous and muscle mass to
stop them.
In a very real sense this is all there is
to Brad Peyton’s film, which plays its
two winning cards over again, and is
smart enough to realise they are more
than enough. The first is the giant
animal carnage itself, which crackles
throughout with fun ideas and
flourishes. The second is the comic
chemistry of a superb cast who bring
everyone in on the joke. Jeffrey Dean
Morgan is a smirking, drawling hoot as
a special agent drafted in by the
government to clean up the mess.
“When science s---s the bed, I’m the
guy they call to change the sheets,” is
how the character pitches it, a
sentence Morgan delivers with the
sparkle of a man who can recognise a
dumb one-liner for the ages.
The science itself is the domain of
Naomie Harris’s hard-pressed
geneticist Dr Kate Caldwell, who
explains George’s predicament to
Davis by quickly scrolling through the
nerve agent’s Wikipedia page on her
phone before becoming the film’s
sidekick-in-chief.
As the brains behind CRISPR, Dr
Caldwell is also being framed for the
disaster, although the real villains are
Malin Akerman and Jake Lacy’s
Claire and Brett Wyden, two bigbusiness dynasty siblings whose
sartorial similarity to a certain Ivanka
and Donald Jr is, you have to assume,
Crossed wires and wounded pride
entirely deliberate. If Rampage’s
giant monsters stand for anything –
and giant monsters usually do, even
in films as silly as this one – it is the
destructive self-interest of the
monstrously rich, and there is an
unexpectedly topical plot thread
here about billionaire grifters in
gilded office blocks getting their
FBI-mandated just desserts. But any
resemblance to America’s current
political plight is far slighter than the
obvious debt the computergenerated carnage owes to the
September 11 attacks, which are
graphically evoked in the Chicagoset finale, with its crumbling towers
and billowing ash clouds.
Some might call that a cheap tactic,
and they might well be right. Yet
exorcising national fears in the cinema
with the help of a supersized ape is
nothing new: just ask King Kong from
the racist Thirties, a savage brought to
America in shackles who breaks loose,
threatens delicate white women, and
creates inner-city havoc. And who
knows? In the best part of a century,
or perhaps even sooner, Rampage
might look like the defining social
document of our moment. But in the
meantime, at least, it’s your Friday
night uproariously filled.
Theatres
HER MAJESTY'S 020 7087 7762
THE BRILLIANT ORIGINAL
Western
THE PHANTOM OF THE OPERA
Mon-Sat 7.30, Thu & Sat 2.30
www.ThePhantomOfTheOpera.com
12A cert, 121 min
★★★★★
QUEEN'S 0844 482 5160
Dir Valeska Grisebach Starring
Meinhard Neumann, Reinhardt
Wetrek, Syuleyman Alilov Letifov,
Veneta Fragnova, Viara Borisova,
Kevin Bashev
THE MUSICAL PHENOMENON
LES MISERABLÉS
Eves 7.30, Mats Wed & Sat 2.30
www.LesMis.com
W
estern, by the German
director Valeska Grisebach,
isn’t literally a western – it’s
set on a hilly building site in presentday Bulgaria. The point of the title is to
invoke a parallel, conjure a certain
tradition. But it’s the aggression and
naked tensions of the genre that
Grisebach has her eye on.
A troupe of German construction
workers have a tough job on the
hillside, laying the foundations for a
hydroelectric power plant. Rather
than getting on with the task, these
guys are stricken with a weird case of
performance anxiety, and keep vying
for dubious cool points.
In a typical example of peacocking
behaviour, the burly, insecure project
manager Vincent (Reinhardt Wetrek)
wades into a river to retrieve a young
woman’s hat, hoping to make an
impression on some locals – and by
extension the rest of his crew. Instead
he comes over as a lunatic, and word
quickly gets back to the Bulgarian
menfolk that their daughters have
been disrespected. The main
Mesmerising: Meinhard (Meinhard Neumann) and his fellow construction workers
character, and most fascinating figure,
is Meinhard (Meinhard Neumann), a
mustachioed ex-Legionnaire who
keeps his distance from the rest of the
group. He has the air of a lone rider,
especially when he finds a white horse
in the mountains. Bareback, he makes
Clint-Eastwood-ish sorties into the
village, where the residents go back
and forth on what to make of him.
Grisebach divides her dialogue in
two – half German, half Bulgarian,
with only a couple of the 20-strong
ensemble in a position to translate.
The opportunities for crossed wires
are innumerable. Memories here are
long, and the German use of Bulgaria
as a docile staging base during the
Second World War is a crucial part of
the film’s historical context. When the
builders plant their national flag in the
scaffolding, it’s a boorish brag about
annexation.
Meinhard’s cultivation of a laconic
mystique feels like a veteran’s tactic to
outmanoeuvre the Vincents of this
world, whose more open bluster and
desire to exploit local resources –
women included – self-destruct for all
to see. Grisebach has an observational
grasp of the male psyche – especially
its pathological obsession with pride
– that fairly takes the breath away. The
worst things that happen in her film
are all eminently survivable – but try
telling that to the men involved, for
whom the simple matter of losing face
is life or death, and whose inability to
let their guard down makes for
mesmerising psychological drama. TR
Why it is time to end the sound of silence
Classical
Orchestra of the Age
of Enlightenment
Queen Elizabeth Hall
★★★★★
By Ivan Hewett
B
efore the start of this all-Mozart
concert, Roger Norrington
mused from the podium on
recent changes in concert etiquette.
“Why this deadly silence between
movements?” he asked. “People used
to clap all the time, even within
movements. Audiences are part of
the performance, they contribute. So
please, feel free!” Behind me, a
patron demurred. “What’s wrong
with silence?” he growled. Some
people find Norrington’s high jinks
a bit much. But I was happy to be
swept along by them – and to
applaud – because the music-making
was so technically superb, so joyous,
and so full of expressive insight.
Norrington was abetted by
virtuoso horn player Roger
Montgomery, who played Mozart’s
first and fourth horn concertos using
a natural horn contemporary to
Mozart. Natural horns do not have
valves, so it was fascinating to see
how Montgomery coaxed forth
the notes by pushing his hand
further into the bell, or by pursing
his lips.
Alongside the concertos were two
of Mozart’s symphonies, which were
full of telling expressive details. The
minuet of Symphony No. 33 was
deliciously stately and slow, a
welcome change to those fleet and
fast performances one so often
hears from “period” orchestras.
Symphony No. 36, the “Linz”, was, if
anything, even more joyous.
Norrington didn’t exactly conduct
so much as draw attention to
interesting details – a rocketingskywards figure here, a surprising
offbeat rhythm there.
My only quarrel with this piece
was the slow movement. Played at
Norrington’s dancing pace, it
certainly sounded graceful enough,
but the interesting dark patches were
skated over. But Norrington and the
players relished the way the music’s
phrases in the finale bounced from
one instrumental group to to the
next. The sheer energy of the
music-making was irresistible. At the
end as the applause rang out,
Norrington applauded us back.
ST MARTIN'S 020 7836 1443
66th year of Agatha Christie's
THE MOUSETRAP
Mon-Sat 7:30pm, Mats Tues & Thurs 3 & Sat 4
www.the-mousetrap.co.uk
“Captivating” TIME OUT
**** FINANCIAL TIMES
Sheila Hancock
Bill Milner
HAROLD AND MAUDE
By Colin Higgins
Directed by Thom Southerland
CharingCrossTheatre.co.uk
08444-930650
irecting child actors credibly is
one of the hardest things to pull
off. But the French writerdirector Xavier Legrand manages it so
brilliantly in Custody, his electric and
unpredictable feature debut, it makes
his whole film quiver and convulse.
Thomas Gioria plays 11-year-old
blond schoolboy, Julien, who’s caught
up in the brutal divorce proceedings
between his parents Miriam and
Antoine (Léa Drucker and Denis
Ménochet). During the long, tense
opening scene, a custody hearing in
which five adults in a small room are
determining his future, a weary
magistrate has to pick through the
competing allegations and come up
with the best compromise.
In the one corner is careful,
tight-lipped Miriam, who has
repeatedly escaped her husband’s
clutches, by moving town and
changing her phone number. Antoine,
she says, has previously caused
physical harm to her 18-year-old
daughter (Mathilde Auneveux), whose
boyfriend he disapproves of. He’s also
been known to sleep in the car outside
Miriam’s parents’ home, where she
and the children have been sheltering.
Antoine says that his daughter hurt
her wrist in the gym; that Miriam has
poisoned both children against him;
and that Julien, unlike his sister, is too
young to be deprived of his father’s
Thomas Gioria
plays Julien, a
young boy caught
in a parental
custody battle
guidance. Every viewer is put in the
same position as the judge – weighing
up what benefit of the doubt the father
deserves, with little concrete evidence
of his actual wrongdoing. And then we
get to know what sort of terror tactics
he’s capable of.
Ménochet uses his intimidating
physique and guttural voice to convey
a potential for threat we’re wary about
from the start. But he knows how to
tamp it down, and he’s calculating, too,
gleaning secret information from his
son’s school notebooks and using it to
win petty wars in the logistical
squabbles each weekend brings. Every
time Julien is brought back to his
maternal grandparents, they receive
him inside like a soldier returning
from the Somme.
Perhaps it’s no coincidence that
Legrand made his start playing an antiSemitic classmate in Louis Malle’s Au
Revoir les Enfants (1987), a film hard to
beat for its acting from kids of roughly
Gioria’s age. Whatever instinct or gift
Malle transmitted on that set has been
passed right down the line here.
In close-up, as Julien cowers against
his dad’s van window, the verbal
wounds and manipulative strategies
take their toll, until he’s practically
eaten alive with stress and despair.
Tiny or trivial as they might seem on
paper, these emotional assaults gain
such conviction in performance that
his ordeal feels like the social realist
equivalent of enduring Dunkirk.
The war of attrition escalates
alarmingly, making us question a lot of
stray assumptions, and dragging us to
places it’s hard to be fully prepared for.
You don’t even want to be.
As a demonstration of slighted
masculinity being given an inch,
taking a mile, and chewing it up with
breakneck fury, the film could hardly
be more timely or disconcerting. But it
also understands the ignition point of
rage – not just its ugly momentum.
26
***
Friday 13 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Court & Social
Court
Circular
WINDSOR CASTLE
April 12th
The Queen this morning visited
the King George VI Day Centre,
Clarence Road, Windsor, to mark
the Sixtieth Anniversary of its
opening by Her Majesty and the
Seventieth Anniversary of
Windsor Old People’s Welfare
Association, and was received by
Her Majesty’s Lord-Lieutenant of
the Royal County of Berkshire (Mr
James Puxley), the Chairman of
Trustees of Windsor Old People’s
Welfare Association (Mr David
Cannon) and the Mayor of the
Royal Borough of Windsor and
Maidenhead (Councillor John
Lenton).
The Queen, escorted by the
Chairman of Trustees, toured the
building, viewing a seated exercise
class, hairdressing station and the
kitchen, and met members of the
Day Centre in the lounge area.
By command of The Queen, Mr
Alistair Harrison (Marshal of the
Diplomatic Corps) called upon His
Excellency Mr Miguel Neto at 22
Dorset Street, London W1, this
morning in order to bid farewell to
His Excellency upon relinquishing
his appointment as Ambassador
from the Republic of Angola to the
Court of St James’s.
BUCKINGHAM PALACE
April 12th
The Duke of York, Patron, English
National Ballet, this morning
received Mr Patrick Harrison
(Executive Director).
His Royal Highness this
afternoon received Mr Robert
Dudley (Chief Executive Officer,
BP).
The Duke of York, Colonel,
Grenadier Guards, this evening
held a Dinner for the Warrant
Officers of 1st Battalion.
BUCKINGHAM PALACE
April 12th
The Earl of Wessex, Vice Patron,
Commonwealth Games
Federation, today attended the
XXI Commonwealth Games on
the Gold Coast, Queensland,
Australia.
BUCKINGHAM PALACE
April 12th
The Princess Royal, Prime
Warden, the Fishmongers’
Company, this morning chaired
the Committee of Wardens
Meeting and the Court Meeting,
and attended a Luncheon,
Fishmongers’ Hall, London
Bridge, London EC4.
Her Royal Highness, Colonel-
in-Chief, The King’s Royal
Hussars, this afternoon received
General Sir Richard Shirreff upon
relinquishing his appointment as
Colonel and General Sir Adrian
Bradshaw upon assuming the
appointment.
The Princess Royal, President,
Carers Trust, this evening held a
Reception, followed by a Dinner, at
St James’s Palace.
KENSINGTON PALACE
April 12th
The Duke of Gloucester, Patron,
Canine Partners for
Independence, this morning
received Mrs Nicola Martin (Chief
Executive Officer) and Mrs Jackie
Staunton (Chairman of Trustees).
His Royal Highness, Patron,
International Council on
Monuments and Sites - UK, this
afternoon received Mr Richard
Hughes (President) and Ms Susan
Denyer (Secretary).
The Duke of Gloucester,
President, British Expertise, this
evening presented the British
Expertise International Awards at
the Royal Garden Hotel,
Kensington High Street, London
W8.
ST JAMES’S PALACE
April 12th
The Duke of Kent, Chancellor,
today presided over the
University of Surrey’s
Postgraduate Degree Ceremonies
in the grounds of Guildford
Cathedral amd was received by
Mr Christopher Biddell (Vice
Lord-Lieutenant of Surrey).
For more details about the Royal
family, visit royal.uk
Today’s birthdays
Sir Jeremiah Harman, a former
High Court Judge, is 88; Mr
Edward Fox, actor, 81; the Rt Rev
Dr Dom Timothy Wright, Abbot
of Ampleforth, 1997-2005, 76; Mr
Richard Handover, Chairman,
Alexon Group, 2008-11; Chairman,
W.H. Smith plc, 2003-05, 72; Mr
Len Cook, National Statistician
and Registrar General for England
and Wales, 2000-05, 69; Prof Sir
Leszek Borysiewicz, ViceChancellor of Cambridge
University, 2010-17, 67; Mr Peter
Davison, actor, 67; Mr Jonjo
O’Neill, racehorse trainer, 66; Mr
Stephen Byers, former Labour
Cabinet Minister, 65; Mrs
Barbara Roche, former Labour
Government Minister, 64; Mrs
Justice Rose 58; Mr Garry
Kasparov, chess grandmaster, 55;
Mr Davis Love III, golfer, 54; and
Miss Nicole Cooke, former road
bicycle racer and former
Commonwealth, Olympic and
World race champion, 35.
Today is the anniversary of the
Catholic Emancipation Act
becoming law in 1829.
In memoriam
Mr Barry Norman
Glovers' Company
Mr Ian Dyson, Commissioner of
the City of London Police, was the
guest speaker at a luncheon for
Liverymen of the Glovers'
Company held yesterday at
Grocers' Hall. Mr Alvan SethSmith, Master, presided.
The English-Speaking Union
Mr Robert Lacey was the speaker
at a literary luncheon of the
Eastbourne Branch of The EnglishSpeaking Union held yesterday at
the Hydro Hotel, Eastbourne. Miss
Sarah Carr, Chairman, presided
and Mrs Jane Mitchell, President,
was among others present.
A memorial service for Mr Barry
Norman was held yesterday at St
Paul’s, Covent Garden, WC2. The
Rev Richard Syms officiated.
Mr John Wringe, Mr Jason
Solomons, Critics Circle, Mr
Bertie Norman (grandson), Mr
Bruce Thompson, Lord
Puttnam, Mr Richard Norman
(brother), Mr Frank McGuinness
and Mr Barry Cryer were the
speakers. Among others present
were:
Miss Samantha Norman, Miss Emma
Norman (daughters), Mr Harry Clifford,
Mr Charlie Clifford, (grandsons), Mr and
Mrs Tony Lennard (brother-in-law and
sister-in-law), Mr Mark Norman, Mr
Matthew Norman, Mr Cliff Ashton
Eaton, Mr Andrew Wood and other
members of the family.
Lady Puttnam, Lady Cobbold, the
Hon Henry Cobbold, Dr Sir Vince
Cable, MP, Leader, Liberal Democrat
Party; Sir Michael Parkinson, Lord’s
Taverners, with Mr Chris Tarrant and
Mr Mike Gatting; Sir Alan Parker, Mrs
John Wringe, Mrs Bruce Thompson,
Mr Mike Leigh, Mr Ken Loach, Ms
Christine Sheridan, Mr Ray Connolly,
Mr John Madden, Mr Ron Atkin, Mr
Keith McDowall, Mr Barry Brown, Ms
Katie Derham, Mr George Entwistle,
Mr Monty Court and representatives
from the BBC, Radio Times and Sky,
together with many other friends.
FIRST WORLD WAR
LONDON, SATURDAY APRIL 13, 1918
Scriveners' Company
Mr John Pritchard was the
principal guest at the Spring
Dinner of the Scriveners' Company
held last night at Cutlers' Hall. Mr
David Philip, Master, presided and
Mr Edward Gardiner, Upper
Warden, also spoke. A carpet
guard was formed by cadets of 329
(Finsbury) Squadron ATC and the
Scriveners' prize for Best
Academic Achievement was
presented to Cadet Jack Taylor.
Among the other guests were:
The Masters and Clerks of the
Musicians' Company, the Society of
Apothecaries, the Glovers' and
Chartered Accountants' Companies and
the Guild of Scriveners of the City of
York, representatives of HMS Portland,
LXX Squadron RAF, and 'A' Company
(London Scottish), The London
Regiment.
Legal news
Judge Steiger, QC, retired as a
Circuit Judge with effect from
April 1, 2018.
Judge Penna retired as a Circuit
Judge with effect from March 22,
2018.
Mr Mark John Thomas has been
appointed a District Judge
deployed to the North Eastern
Circuit, based at Durham Justice
Centre, with effect from March 20,
2018.
Mr Julian Alexander Cridge has
been appointed a District Judge
deployed to the South Eastern
Circuit, based at Bromley County
and Family Court, with effect from
March 26, 2018.
Bridge news
Play starts this evening at 7 pm,
continuing on Saturday and
Sunday, starting at 10 am, in the
Lady Milne, the fourth event in
the Home International series,
writes Julian Pottage, Bridge
Correspondent. The action takes
place at the Holiday Inn,
Edinburgh, with spectators
welcome at the venue or via the
online vugraph broadcast at
www.bridgebase.com
England, the holders, have won
48 times; Scotland, who last won in
2016, have won 13 times; Wales,
who last won in 2015, have won 4
times; Northern Ireland, who last
won in 1985, have won twice; and
Ireland, who joined the series in
1998, have yet to win.
SIR D. HAIG’S CALL TO HIS ARMIES
“OUR BACKS TO THE WALL”
We are officially informed that the following Special Order of the Day by Field-Marshal Sir Douglas
Haig has been issued for the information. of the
troops in France:
To all ranks of the British Army in France and
Flanders:
Three weeks ago to-day the enemy began his terrific attacks against us on a fifty-mile front. His
objects are to separate us from the French, to take
the Channel ports, and destroy the British Army.
In spite of throwing already 106 divisions into
the battle, and enduring the most reckless
sacrifice of human life, he has as yet made little progress towards his goals. We owe this to
the determined fighting and self-sacrifice of
our troops.
Words fail me to express the admiration which I
feel for the splendid resistance offered by all ranks
of our Army under the most trying circumstances.
Many amongst us now are tired. To those I
would say that victory will belong to the side
which holds out the longest.
The French army is moving rapidly and in great
force to our support. There is no other course
open to us but to fight it out. Every position must
be held to the last man; there must be no retirement.
With our backs to the wall, and believing in
the justice of our cause, each one of us must
fight on to the end. The safety of our homes
and the freedom of mankind depend alike
upon the conduct of each one of us at this
critical moment.
GERMAN CLAIMS
(Admiralty, Per Wireless Press.) Berlin,
Friday Afternoon.
Armentières has fallen, encircled from the north
and south by the troops of General von Eberhardt
and General von Stettin, and, thus deprived of its
roads for retreat, the English garrison, 50 officers
and over 3,000 men, laid down their arms after a
brave resistance. With them 45 guns, numerous
machine guns, large quantities of ammunition, a
clothes depôt, and other kinds of rich booty fell
into our hands.
To the north-west of Armentières we gained
ground. To the west of Armentières, after the
repulse of strong counter-attacks against
Steenwerck carried out by hastily-collected
troops and after a bitter fight for the English
position, the troops of General von Stettin
and General von Carlowitz drove the enemy
back in the direction of Bailleul and Merville.
Merville was captured.
On the southern bank of the Lvs the troops of General von Bernhardi fought their way across the
Lawe and advanced as far as the heights before
Merville.
According to information so far to hand the
total booty captured in the battle of Armentières amounts to 20,000 prisoners – including one English and one Portuguese general
– and more than 200 guns. The conquest of
the swamped crater fields in and before our
positions of departure of April 9 made the
greatest demands on the troops of all arms in
the foremost lines. In their success the pioneers, equipment troops, and rear divisions
have an outstanding share.
On the battlefield on both sides of the Somme violent artillery duels developed. French regiments
which assaulted on the western bank of the Avre
to the west of Moreuil broke down with very heavy
losses, and left 700 prisoners in our hands, who
were subsequently killed by French artillery fire.
Berlin, Friday Night.
Our victorious troops are progressing through the
wide plain between Armentières and Merville.
FLANKS HOLDING
FIRM
British Army (France), Friday.
The enemy continues to strain his every effort to
break through the British Army in Flanders.
Despite the sustained pressure of his dense
masses and the constant blows of his shock tactics, he has only succeeded during the past
twenty-four hours in pushing forward in the centre of his wide front of attack, the flanks holding
firm. He has extended the narrow nose of his salient in a way which nothing but his immense superiority of numbers could render tactically feasible, nor indeed, could have achieved.
We have been counter-attacking during the
day, and although I cannot as yet get any reliable details, for, in fact, the battle is stiff in
fierce progress, I gather in a general way that
the situation is improving in our favour. The
brilliant clear weather is a perfect godsend,
for in addition to enabling our airmen thoroughly to reconnoitre the enemy’s dispositions and movements, it allows of their taking
part in the combat with most effective results.
AUCHMUTY.—Dolores (née Fielding),
died at home on Sunday 25th March
2018. Beloved wife of the late Charles,
and dearly loved mother of Sue and
Jane, grandmother, great-grandmother
(Gigi) and friend. The Funeral will be
held at Guildford Crematorium on
Tuesday 24th April at 2.15 p.m.
Online ref: 551982
BAYLISS.—Peacefully at Leven Beach
Care Home on Friday 6th April 2018.
Captain Ivor Charles Bayliss, aged 86.
Beloved husband of Georgie, much
loved father and grandfather, and a dear
friend to many. Funeral Service on
Tuesday 24th April 2018 at St James The
Great Church, Cupar, at 11.45 a.m. to
which all family and friends are
respectfully invited. Family flowers only
please but donations, if so desired, may
be given to Alzheimer Scotland, at the
church doors.
Online ref: 552119
BIRD.—Joan Ethel (née Oakes). Died
peacefully in her sleep on Friday 6th
April 2018, at home. Beloved wife of
Ronnie, dearly loved mother of Emma
and Carlie, adored Granny to Kitty,
Lucia, James, Beth, Sebastian, Monty,
Izzy and Baba. Latin Requiem Mass at
11 a.m. on Thursday 19th April at
Wardour Castle Chapel, Tisbury, SP3
6RH. Family flowers only please.
Donations in memory to Wardour
Chapel Trustees. All enquiries to
Bracher Brothers F/D, 01747 822494.
Online ref: 552249
BRUNDAN.—Judy (formerly Denham
Smith) died suddenly on Tuesday 10th
April 2018. Loving wife, mother,
stepmother, grandmother and sister. A
Funeral will be held at 2.30 p.m. on
Thursday 26th April at St Mary's
Church, Wilby, Suffolk, IP21 5LR. No
flowers but donations if desired to St
Mary's Church.
Online ref: A223454
BUCK.—John (of Penarth). Sadly on
30th March 2018, aged 93. John; beloved
husband of the late Joyce, much loved
father of Margot. A wonderful
grandfather of William and Edward.
John will be greatly missed. Resting at
James Summers Funeralcare, Lavernock
Road, Penarth CF64 5UP until the
Funeral Service at All Saint’s Church,
Penarth on Monday 30th April at
10.45 a.m. Family flowers only.
Donations in lieu to Penarth Lifeboat
Station, The Esplanade, Penarth
CF64 3AU.
Online ref: 552258
DAVIDSON.—Dom Francis, monk of
Ampleforth, died 9th April 2018. Solemn
Funeral Mass at 11.30 a.m. on 16th April
2018 at Ampleforth Abbey.
Online ref: A223446
DRAYTON.—Geoffrey Charles on 6th
April 2018, aged 85. Pioneering modern
furniture and lighting retailer (Geoffrey
Drayton, founded in 1963). Father of
Hugo, Guy, Kate and Henry; much loved
grandfather and brother; remembered
by cycling and mountaineering friends.
Service and burial at Greenacres, Epping
Forest (Kiln Road, North Weald) on
Thursday 26th April at 1 p.m.
Online ref: 552265
GRAZEBROOK.—Diana "Patience", died
peacefully at home in Blandford Forum
on 4th April 2018. Much loved wife of
Michael and devoted mother,
grandmother and great grandmother.
A Service of Thanksgiving will be held at
St Peter and St Paul's Church, Blandford
Forum on Wednesday 2nd May 2018 at
3 p.m.
Online ref: A223457
GRIMSLEY.—Derek Hubert. The family
mourn the death of a dear husband,
father and grandfather. Died peacefully
at home on 7th April 2018.
Online ref: 552301
GRITTEN.—John MBE, Wing
Commander (Retired). Died 7th April,
aged 71. Desperately missed by his loving
wife Joy, children Marion and David,
granddaughter Nieve and all of John’s
family. Funeral on Monday 23rd April at
Perth Crematorium at 12.30 p.m. No
flowers please, donations in lieu, to
British Heart Foundation and RAF
Benevolent Fund.
Online ref: A223427
HASTINGS.—Margaret Anne (née
Hickman) died 30th March 2018, aged
87. Widow of Julian Hastings. Greatly
loved mother of Jonathan and Richard
and grandmother to Matthew, Bethany,
Ruby, Verity and Edward. Service of
Thanksgiving to be held St. Mary's,
Twickenham on 26th April at 11 a.m.
Enquiries and donations (British Heart
Foundation), 020 8892 1784.
Online ref: A223413
HENSON.—Brian Albert Voice died
peacefully on 6th April 2018. OMT,
much loved husband of Una, father of
Paul and Clare, grandfather of James,
Hugo, Sacha, Lily and Cecelia. Service at
11 a.m. on 30th April at Breakspear
Crematorium. No flowers please.
Online ref: A223431
MITSON.—Alan Edward, on 9th April
2018, peacefully at Fairview Care Private
Hospital. Loved husband of the late Jean.
Much loved father and father-in-law of
Sally and Steve, and Jane and Steve, and
Grandpa of Chiara. By request a service
will be held in Auckland, New Zealand
on Monday 16th April. Dil’s Funeral
Services, FDANZ.
Online ref: 552204
MOYNAHAN.—Brian Patrick James, on
1st April 2018, after a brave, long fight.
Beloved husband of Priscilla, dear father
of William and Katie, and adored
grandfather of Tilly, Hector, Patrick,
Orlando, Tabitha and Rafe. Funeral has
already taken place. Memorial Service at
3.30 p.m. on 17th May 2018, at St Mary’s
Church, Battersea Church Road, SW11
3NA. Donations, if desired, to The Royal
Marsden Cancer Charity c/o Chelsea
Funeral Directors, 260b Fulham Road,
SW10 9EL. Tel: 020 7352 0008.
Online ref: 552167
NEWBOLD.—Donald Victor CBE.
Peacefully on 12th March 2018, aged 91
years. Service at Woodvale
Crematorium, Lewes Road, Brighton on
Friday 20th April 2018, at 12.30 p.m.
Family flowers only.
Online ref: 551615
PARR.—Margaret Louisa, died after a
short illness on 30th March 2018, aged
90. Dearly loved mother, grandmother,
great-grandmother, cousin and friend to
all that knew her. Funeral to be held at
Kent & Sussex Crematorium, Royal
Tunbridge Wells on Wednesday 18th
April at 1 p.m. Donations, if desired, to
'The Kit Wilson Trust' c/o Abbey
Funeral Services, 173 High Street,
Tonbridge, TN9 1BX. Tel: 01732 360328.
Online ref: A223369
REID.—Edith, widow of George Stanley.
Died peacefully in Burcot Grange,
Worcestershire, on 7th April 2018, aged
104 years.
Online ref: 552290
RELLIE.—Alastair James Carl Euan died
peacefully on 10th April 2018, aged 83.
52 years as soulmate and debating
partner of Annalisa, patient father to
Euan, Jemima and Lucasta,
unpretentious Grandpa to Heathcliff,
Titus, Foxy, Agatha, Bede, Cosima,
George, Cressida and Octavia. Church
warden, school governor, Arsenal fan
and spy. Funeral at Christ Church SW3.
Online ref: 552211
RIGG.—Julia Laura, passed away
peacefully on 5th April 2018. Much loved
wife of the late Peter, loving Mum to
Jeremy and Caroline, loving partner to
Myles and much loved Granny to
Georgina, Annabelle and Richard. The
Funeral Service and Committal will
take place in Overdale Crematorium
West Chapel, Bolton on Friday 20th
April at 2.30 p.m. Family flowers only
please, donations in lieu, if desired, for
either Combat Stress or Sir Tom Finney
High School (cheques payable to Sir
Tom Finney Community High School
Fund). All donations and enquiries to
Howarth's Funeral Service, 638
Blackburn Road, Bolton BL1 7AL.
Tel: 01204 309609 or www.1hfs.co.uk
Online ref: 552273
RIORDAN.—Eileen Doris died
peacefully on 20th March 2018, aged 88.
Dear sister of Sheila, Christine and
Kathleen (dec'd). Aunt, great aunt and
great great aunt. Funeral service at
Parndon Wood Crematorium on 18th
April 2018. Family flowers only.
Donations in her memory may be made
to Alheizemer's Research UK.
Online ref: A223458
WOODHEAD.—Audrey died peacefully
on 5th April 2018, at St Matthew's Care
Home, Redbourn.
Online ref: 552310
ROGERS.—Erica Rogers MBE (née
Spinney). Beloved wife of David, mother
of Andrew and Hannah and
grandmother of Jacob and Lois. Died
peacefully in her sleep on 3rd April 2018.
Funeral at St. George's Church, High
Street, Beckenham, BR3 1AX, at 2 p.m.
on Thursday 10th May. Please wear
colourful clothes (think Spring.) Family
flowers only. Enquiries to :- H. Copeland
and Sons, Beckenham, 020 8650 2295.
Online ref: 552260
MENZIES.—Jean. Peacefully on 15th
March 2018 aged 87. She will be sadly
missed by all her friends, family and the
Marylebone Community. The Funeral
Service shall take place on 23rd April
2018 at Golders Green Crematorium at
12.30 p.m. Donations, if desired, for
Cancer Research and Battersea Dogs
Home may be sent to Ronald P. Sherry &
Son, 25 Bell Street, London, NW1 5BY.
Online ref: 552197
RUNACRES.—Penelope Jane Elizabeth
(née Luxmoore), died peacefully at
Fonthill House, St Albans on 4th April
2018, aged 89. Much loved mother of
Caroline and Francis, grandmother of
Robin, Katie and Thomas. Funeral at
West Herts Crematorium, Watford on
28th April at 1 p.m. All enquiries to
Phillips Funeral Directors, 01727 238461.
Flowers welcome, or donations to
Blesma, The Limbless Veterans,
www.blesma.org
Online ref: A223430
SHENNAN.—John Millward. FRCS (Lon)
FRCS (Ednb). Died following a stroke
whilst on holiday in Iceland on 7th
March. He was a Consultant Surgeon on
the Wirral for a total of 37 years. Retired
fully in 2011. A keen golfer. Much loved
husband of Pam. He leaves 3 children
and 3 grandchildren. A Service of
Thanksgiving was held at St. Bridget’s
Church, West Kirby on 12th April 2018.
Online ref: 552057
WALDER.—Howard Albert died
peacefully on 6th April 2018, aged 94.
Much loved husband of Yvonne, father
and father-in-law of Sarah and John, and
grandfather of Katherine. A family
cremation followed by a Service of
Thanksgiving which will be held at St
James Church, Thrapston, on Friday
20th April at 11.30 a.m. Family flowers
only, but donations, if desired, to
Glaucoma Research Foundation and
The Blood Cancer Research Charity.
Online ref: A223445
IN EVERYTHING set them an example
by doing what is good. In your teaching
show integrity, seriousness and
soundness of speech that cannot be
condemned, so that those who oppose
you may be ashamed because they have
nothing bad to say about us.
Titus 2.7-8
In memoriam
McGOWAN.—Caroline Anne (née
Smitheram) and her dearest husband,
Andrew, both murdered in Mozambique
on Sunday 13th April 1997. On their 21st
anniversary still so dearly missed for
their gentle, loving and kind
personalities. Forever in our thoughts
and prayers. Love, Mummy and Daddy.
Online ref: 552246
LYON.—In proud memory of Lieutenant
Francis Lyon 4th Battalion the
Grenadier Guards killed in action
Hazebrouck 13th April 1918. He died in
good company with their backs to the
wall.
Online ref: 552182
POTTS.—2nd Lt. William Edgar, MM,
5th Bn. attached to 15/17th Bn. West
Yorkshire Regt. Leeds Pals, killed in
action at Bailleul on 13th April 1918. No
known grave, commemorated on the
Ploegstreet Memorial. His life
remembered with pride by his
great-nephew Michael S Potts and
family.
Online ref: 552001
30TH BIRTHDAY. Wishing my
daughter Olivia Rae a happy 30th
bithday, keep up the 'batting and the
bowling'. Love daddy xx
Online ref: 552120
***
The Daily Telegraph Friday 13 April 2018
27
Obituaries
Gillian Ayres
Rob Matthews
were hung.
Throughout the course of her long
career Gillian Ayres’s work remained
remarkably consistent in both its style
and concern. Her paintings expressed
her love of colour, which was released
in swirling organic forms, dazzling the
viewer with the vibrancy of her brush
strokes and with the modulations and
juxtapositions of her primaries.
Although her endlessly reworked
paintings could take months to
complete, she was never a painter to
reveal her process. Her art spun on its
spontaneity, its air of apparent ease
and effortlessness. She never resorted
to the geometric, the mathematical, or
to the drab tones and subject matter of
the Euston Road School that
predominated in her early years.
For Gillian Ayres, work was an ode
to beauty, to colour in its natural
form which, at its highest pitch,
communicated its reflexive purity
and joy to the viewer.
Gillian Ayres was born on February
3 1930 in London, the daughter of
Stephen and Florence. Her father ran
the family hat-making business in
Soho. She was the youngest of three
daughters and was educated at the
experimental Froebel school and St
Paul’s Girls’ School, Hammermsith,
where her friends included Shirley
Williams, who would be co-founder of
the Social Democratic Party, and the
novelist Shirley Conran, who was to
become one of the foremost collectors
of her work.
She decided as a child that she
wished to become a painter, leaving
school at 16 against her parents’ wishes
to enter Camberwell School of Art. She
had rejected the Slade after it only
offered her a place when she was 18.
Entering Camberwell in 1946 as the
only girl in her year was a daunting
experience. Many of her classmates
were war veterans simply thrilled to
be alive, for whom painting was a joy
after the jungle and the desert. One of
these, Henry Mundy, 11 years older
than Gillian Ayres, was to become her
husband in 1951.
She left without taking her exams
– which she considered “bourgeois”
– although she was later to become an
examiner at the Royal College of Art.
Having exhibited at the first Young
Contemporaries show in 1949, Gillian
and Henry spent a summer painting in
Cornwall and working at the Land’s
End Hotel. They returned to London
and shared a job at the Artists’
International Association (AIA) gallery,
a communist organisation prepared
to employ non-communist artists,
and painted compulsively in their
spare time.
There Gillian Ayres met Roger
Hilton, whose vibrant, un-English
aesthetic inspired her to pursue her
chosen style in which swaths of colour
were paramount. She exhibited alone
and in group shows, travelled
extensively in southern Europe where
the warmth of colour and light fired
MIKE HOBAN/ALAN CRISTEA GALLERY/PA
G
ILLIAN AYRES who has
died aged 88, was an
English abstract painter
whose large, colourful
canvasses dominated
any room in which they
Gillian Ayres in
2009: she was
unrepentantly
concerned with
beauty as an
end in itself
her imagination, and painted a mural
for South Hampstead School – which
was so disliked that it was papered
over and only exhumed in the 1990s.
In 1959 Gillian Ayres and Mundy
moved to Corsham, in Wiltshire, to
teach at the Bath Academy of Art,
where their colleagues included
Howard Hodgkin and Adrian Heath.
They taught and painted
obsessively, Gillian Ayres not even
allowing the births of their children to
interrupt her routine. Mundy’s
exquisite miniature abstracts were
enjoying some success and the pair
remained at Corsham until 1965, when
they left to take up teaching posts at
St Martin’s School of Art.
Gillian Ayres stayed at St Martin’s
until 1978, during which time she was
divorced from Mundy. She then
became head of painting at
Winchester College of Art. It was not
an easy period. Government cutbacks
undermined funding and the trend in
art schools was towards extensive
written exams, which Gillian Ayres
abhorred.
For someone who taught art for
over twenty years, Gillian Ayres
maintained a remarkably relaxed
attitude towards it. She once said: “I
don’t think you can teach art … If one
was a good teacher, it was probably
because one set up a nice atmosphere
in a sort of lazy way.”
The year 1981 was the turning point
in Gillian Ayres’s life. She resigned
from Winchester, a significant
financial risk, sold her house in Barnes
and moved with a younger artist,
Gareth Williams, to the Llŷn Peninsula
in Wales, having calculated that she
had enough money to paint full time
for three years and would then take
work in a local supermarket.
The risk was triumphantly justified.
She exhibited successfully at the
Museum of Modern Art in Oxford in
1981, became a member of the Royal
Academy the following year (though
she left for a while in 1997 in protest at
the Academy displaying a portrait of
Myra Hindley, the Moors murderer)
and in 1983 enjoyed a sell-out show at
the Serpentine Gallery.
Her household took an unusual turn
when her former husband came to
stay for Christmas – and stayed
forever. In 1986, the year after she and
Norman Lynton had made an Open
University film on abstract art,
Williams was killed in a road accident.
The following year Gillian Ayres
moved with Mundy to the DevonCornwall border, where they lived for
the remainder of their lives, painting
in their respective studios – although
they never remarried. All her life
Gillian Ayres painted whenever she
could. “I can’t not work,” she said.
“You totally feel you’re wasting your
life.” Much of her work she never
exhibited and could not bear to sell. It
covered every inch of her house, the
glorious colours providing the only
warmth in her unheated studio.
Viewing a Gillian Ayres painting is a
sensuous experience. The work is
wholly abstract, to the extent that she
would excise any line or motif that
appeared to convey meaning or
specific form. The paintings were
given titles such as A Belt of Straw and
Ivy Buds (1983) after they were
completed, names that were not
intended to be significant.
At the outset Gillian Ayres covered
the whole canvas as quickly as
possible, creating a base for the work.
The freshness of the original
application could not be maintained,
but she was able to retain the aura of
speed and innocence, the sense of
original perception, by mixing the
colours on the canvas, adding and
subtracting layers and idioms to create
a feeling of abandon, of submission to
the exalted heights of her imagination.
To that extent her paintings were
whole; they were, of themselves, fields
of pure colour, alluding to nothing
beyond the confines of the canvas.
Gillian Ayres’s art was at odds with
the British aesthetic. She once
lamented that “our particular culture
is happier with serious subjects and
brown paintings. When people talk of
pure decoration they talk about it as if
it were something like an embroidered
cushion.”
She was unrepentantly concerned
with beauty as an end in itself. “I think
beauty can lift you up and sort of take
your feet away from the ground … I
mean, if the world doesn’t care about
it, then I think the world’s gone potty.”
In her own art, throughout her
working life, Gillian Ayres never
aimed for anything other than the
creation of pure beauty.
In 1990 the British Council invited
Gillian Ayres to paint in India. She
went with her son and a friend,
Alexandra Pringle, who described
travelling with Ayres as “being given a
new pair of eyes”. She returned in 1991
as the British representative at the
India Triennale in Delhi.
Gillian Ayres was fascinated by the
quiddity of life, by its minutiae and its
rhythm. A dedicated conversationalist,
forever with a glass and a cigarette to
hand, she defied the doctors who
prescribed a teetotal diet after a near
fatal illness with the same zest that she
defied motherhood in pursuit of art.
Her qualities and unique
contribution to modern British
painting were recognised when she
was appointed OBE in 1986, advanced
to CBE in 2011. In the mid-1990s she
was appointed a senior fellow at the
Royal College of Art and the following
year awarded the Sargent Fellowship
at the British School at Rome.
She and Mundy had two sons, one of
whom, Sammy, is an artist.
Gillian Ayres, born February 3, 1930,
died April 11 2018
Guy Lyon Playfair
Writer on the paranormal known for investigating the ghostly antics of the Enfield ‘poltergeist’
ANL/REX/SHUTTERSTOCK; GRAHAM MORRIS
G
UY LYON PLAYFAIR, who has
died aged 83, was an
investigator of the
paranormal best known for
his work on the so-called Enfield
poltergeist in north London.
With Maurice Grosse, his colleague
from the Society for Psychical
Research, Playfair arrived at the
semi-detached council house in Green
Street, Enfield, days after the first
reports of unexplained disturbances
there in 1977.
The house was occupied by
Margaret Hodgson, a divorcée, and her
four children, two of whom, Janet, 11,
and Johnny, 10, claimed that their beds
were unaccountably shaking.
Neighbours who heard knockings
on the walls searched the house and
found nothing. But when a police
officer arrived she witnessed a chair
sliding unaided along the floor.
By the time Playfair and Grosse
turned up to investigate, the
disturbances were becoming more
intense and more frightening. It
seemed that a poltergeist was
overturning chairs and tables, flinging
things about, pulling off bedclothes
and, in the case of Janet, levitating her
and causing her to speak with the
voice of an old man.
As Playfair later recalled, Janet “was
always near when something
happened, and this inevitably led to
accusations that she was playing
tricks, although Grosse was already
fully convinced that she could not be
responsible for all the incidents”.
Yet Playfair, who chronicled the
events in his book This House is
Haunted (1980), continued to harbour
doubts. The “poltergeist” tended to
act only when it was not being
watched.
Incidents involving “curious
whistling and barking noises coming
from Janet’s general direction”
prompted Playfair to wonder if it was
not really Janet acting as “a brilliant
ventriloquist”. But in the end neither
Playfair nor Grosse was persuaded that
the girl was faking.
Others were more sceptical,
Guy Lyon Playfair in
1980. Below: Janet
Hodgson ‘levitating’
at her home in
Enfield (1977)
including another paranormal
investigator, Melvin Harris, who called
the photographed levitations
“gymnastics”, adding: “It’s worth
remembering that Janet was a school
sports champion.”
Joe Nickell, an American paranormal
investigator, claimed that Playfair was
“repeatedly snookered” by the
Hodgson children, and that he had
“made a career of first being fooled by
tricksters, and then fooling others”.
Be that as it may, Playfair and Gosse
captured much of the activity at
Enfield on tape and film, and
transcripts of the recordings covered
some 600 pages.
Hoax or no (and most of Playfair’s
critics considered him both gullible
and credulous) the story of the council
house poltergeist came to be regarded
as a classic of psychical research, the
subject of worldwide press coverage
and radio and television
documentaries.
As well as championing the
paranormal, Playfair also campaigned
against what he considered the
pernicious proliferation of television, a
medium which, as he put it, “rots the
brain”. He expanded his argument into
a book, The Evil Eye (1990).
Guy Lyon Playfair was born in India
on April 5 1935. His mother, a member
of the Society for Psychical Research,
kindled his interest in the paranormal
at an early age and he remembered
reading the society’s journal when he
was still a child, growing up (without a
television) in rural Gloucestershire.
From Cheltenham College he
undertook National Service with the
RAF, including a stint in Iraq, before
going up to Pembroke College,
Cambridge, where he read Modern
Languages and played trombone in a
jazz band.
He became a freelance journalist
and photographer, spending the years
1961 to 1975 in Brazil. There he worked
for the American Chamber of
Commerce, the press section of the US
Agency for International Development
in Rio de Janeiro, and the Associated
Press news agency.
It was in Brazil that Playfair first
encountered the concept of psychic
surgery. An initial session he attended,
conducted by a psychic surgeon,
Edivaldo Oliveira Silva, persuaded
Playfair that Silva was, as he claimed,
possessed by spirits and that his
surgical and healing powers were
genuine. He later claimed that a
British psychic surgeon, Matthew
Manning, cured him of a slipped disc.
For the last two years of his time in
South America, he lived in the
Japanese quarter of São Paulo
collecting material for the first of
his 12 books.
In The Unknown Power (first
published as The Flying Cow in 1975),
Playfair examined the case of the
psychic surgeon as well as other
Brazilian examples of the paranormal,
and in The Indefinite Boundary
(1976), reviewed evidence for the
existence of psychic phenomena
further afield.
Returning to Britain, he joined the
Society for Psychical Research for
whom he investigated the Enfield
haunting, one of several “official”
cases that he was invited to work on.
He was stung by a sceptical review
of his book on the Enfield case in the
Daily Telegraph, in which the novelist
Francis King insisted that while some
of the phenomena were genuine it was
equally certain that many were not, a
charge that Playfair complained was
unfounded.
As well as the Enfield case, Playfair’s
research activities included
collaborating with Montague Keen on
the Jacqueline Poole murder case of
1983, which he was convinced
contained evidence of post-mortem
communication between the victim
and a psychic medium.
After his book on hypnotism, If This
Be Magic, was published in 1985,
Playfair collaborated with the spoon
bender Uri Geller on The Geller Effect
(1986). Ten of his books have been
translated into 15 languages, and he
remained involved in paranormal
research into old age.
In 1992 he was a consultant on the
notorious television drama
Ghostwatch, broadcast on Hallowe’en
and set in a supposedly haunted north
London council house with a sinister
past. Because of its documentary style,
many terrified viewers through it was
real, with the BBC reportedly
receiving 30,000 complaints in a
single hour.
In 2004 Playfair was elected to the
council of the Society for Psychical
Research, and he acted as a consultant
for Sky Television’s miniseries The
Enfield Haunting in 2015.
Guy Lyon Playfair, born April 5 1935,
died April 8 2018
GETTY IMAGES NORTH AMERICA
Blind Paralympian who won
Abstract artist who dazzled the viewer with her love of colour and the vibrancy of her brush strokes eight golds for Great Britain
Matthews (r) competing in the 1,500 m event in Atlanta, Georgia
R
OB MATTHEWS, who
has died from a brain
tumour aged 56, was a
blind middle and longdistance runner who defied
his disability to win eight
gold medals for Britain in
seven Paralympic Games
and break 22 world records;
in 1986 he became the first
blind runner to run the
800 m in under two
minutes.
He was born in Strood,
Kent, on May 26 1961 with a
degenerative eye condition,
retinitis pigmentosa,
inherited from his father. As
a child he could not see in
poor light, though the
condition only started to
affect him badly when he
was 11.
At 13 he was sent to a
school for the partially
sighted; at 15 he learnt
Braille, and a year later he
started at a college for the
blind. “In my mind’s eye I
can still see everything,” he
wrote in a 2009 memoir,
Running Blind. “Most of all,
I remember clearly the face
of a frightened 15-year-old
staring back at me in the
mirror. This is the last image
I have of myself.” By 18 he
had virtually no sight.
After qualifying as a
Braille typist he began to
lead an independent life.
When loneliness got to him,
he started looking for a
sport he could try, and
found his niche on the
athletics track.
Matthews first competed
at the Paralympics in 1984 at
the Stoke Mandeville/New
York Games, winning gold
in the 800 m, 1,500 m, and
5,000 m events. He retained
all three titles in Seoul four
years later.
In Barcelona in 1992 he
again won the 5,000 m,
taking silver in the 800 m
and bronze in the 1,500 m.
He took silver in the 1,500 m
in Atlanta in 1996, and in
Sydney in 2000 he took
gold in the 10,000 m,
coming from behind in the
final leg, and silvers in the
5,000 m and the marathon.
As a blind runner,
Matthews employed the
services of running guides
– sighted runners linked to
him by a short rope. Over
the years he employed more
than 100 guides – of variable
quality: “The worst was a
guy in England who was too
hesitant and in the space of
100 m I fell off a kerb, hit a
lamp post and bounced off a
fence. I didn’t run with him
again”.
In 1987 Matthews became
the first Paralympian to be
appointed MBE, and in 1993
he moved to Leamington to
work for the Guide Dogs for
the Blind Association. The
following year he married
his first wife, Kath.
In November 2003,
however, as he was training
for the 2004 Athens games,
Kath died, aged 38, from a
brain aneurysm. He was
devastated but found that
running helped him to cope.
He dedicated his
performance at the games to
Kath, but sadly won no
medals and decided to retire
from the running track.
Eighteen months after
her death, on holiday in
New Zealand he met Sarah
Kerr, an interior designer
from Auckland. Four
months later he moved to
New Zealand, where they
married and had two
children.
He became a sports
massage therapist and
motivational speaker and
changed sports to cycling,
representing New Zealand
in international tandem
cycling and triathlons,
winning a silver medal at
the 2009 World Paralympic
Triathlon Championships in
Australia. He had been
hoping to compete at the
2012 Paralympic Games in
London. It was not to be,
though he was listed as one
of eight “iconic athletes” in
the official guide to the
games.
Rob Matthews is survived
by his wife and by their son
and daughter.
Rob Matthews, born May
26 1961, died April 11 2018
28
***
Friday 13 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Television & radio
Last night on television Gerard O’Donovan
an
n
What to watch
A lesson in how not to deal

with Britain’s failing pupils
about a family marooned in
space when their ship runs
into difficulty on their way
to a new colony and crashes
on an unknown and
surprisingly hostile planet.
There are plenty of thrills
and impressive visual
effects, and Toby Stephens
and Molly Parker are
excellent as the pioneering
Robinson parents John and
Judy, while Parker Posey is
an enigmatic (and now
female) Dr Smith. GO
MasterChef: The Final
BBC ONE, 8.30PM
A
W
In the spotlight: high-achiever Holly took classmate Hollie under her wing
ould children do
better at school if
their parents took a
more active interest
in their education?
That, in essence,
was the loaded question posed by
Living with the Brainy Bunch (BBC
Two), a not-so revelatory “experiment”
to see if a few weeks living with
A-graders and their families could
improve the mindset of a couple of
underperforming Year 11 students.
We met 15-year-old Hollie,
preparing for her GCSEs, who failed
to get a C in any subject in her mock
exams. The cameras zoomed in on
her home life and a father saying:
“We’re involved very little in Hollie’s
education… You put your trust in the
teacher to do the best job possible.”
Then we were introduced to her
fellow student Holly (described by her
head teacher as “fantastic… your on
the front-of-the-prospectus type
child”). Holly’s home life was far more
conducive to learning: timetables,
activities, dinner-table fun taking
turns naming Shakespeare’s plays.
The same process was repeated on
Jack, also 15, who had received three
exclusions and 105 detentions in the
previous year. (Cue Jack’s mother:
“I work long hours… I don’t want to
argue with Jack, I just want him to
know he’s loved”). He was paired with
his hard-working schoolmate Tharush
who arrived in the UK a year ago from
Italy and is already excelling, and
whose mother didn’t hesitate to
impose strict rules and structure.
Did Hollie and Jack need help? Of
course they did. Was singling them out
– two students from a school of 800
– shining a spotlight on them and
forcing them to spend an excruciating
chunk of their GCSE year living with
these shining examples of everything
they were not, ever likely to provide
that help? No, it was not.
Six weeks and a host of predictable
mini-dramas later, including tearful
meltdowns, confidence collapses and
late nights out without permission,
it came as little surprise that no
miraculous changes were wrought
in either of them. There have been
some top class education-based
shows on TV recently, but this was
not one of them. Perhaps the people
behind it should be forced to spend
the next few months at home with
the makers of, say, Channel 4’s
excellent Indian Summer School,
and see how they like it.
If the participants learned anything
or took any positives away from this
mostly painful experience, it was
down to their own resilience in the
face of such unnecessary pressure.
nother show that could have
done better was Urban Myths:
Marilyn Monroe and Billy
Wilder (Sky Arts). I like this portfolio
series which casts a comic eye over
well-known, if mostly apocryphal,
tales from the lives of the famous.
That the casts feature an impressive
number of well-known faces is a big
plus. But they tend to be hit and miss.
This edition took on the hoary old
tale that Marilyn Monroe was so off
her face on pills and alcohol during the
making of the 1959 comedy Some Like
It Hot, that it took her 47 takes to nail
a scene in which all she had to do was
knock on a door and say: “It’s me,
Sugar”. Much to the frustration of
director Billy Wilder.
In the hands of Gemma Arterton
playing Monroe and James Purefoy as
Wilder, we might have hoped for
subtlety and sophistication. But all we
got was predictability and slapstick.
And misogynistic slapstick at that. No
attempt was made to depict Monroe
as anything other than the dumb
sex-bomb blonde of cinematic lore.
That the men in the piece were
treated little better was no comfort.
Wilder’s portrayal was a lazy
caricature of the cigar-chewing
European émigré director; Monroe’s
playwright husband Arthur Miller
(Dougray Scott) a prickly stuffed shirt;
Tony Curtis (Alex Pettyfer) a
cardboard-quality cad. Some of the
macho jousting – everyone ribbing the
self-important Miller that his plays
were good but “short on laughs” –
hit the mark. But not often enough.
Overall the sense was of an
opportunity missed. Might it not have
been more amusing to see this fable
through Monroe’s eyes, however
bleary they were; or to wonder how
she could have put in a performance
of such scintillating comic precision
despite being wasted all the time?
In the end the only bright light was
Adam Brody, who caught perfectly
Jack Lemmon’s contribution to the art
of drag. Other than that, the best thing
about this was that it gave Sky Arts an
excuse to show the film Some Like It
Hot afterwards. Now that’s what you
call a great comedy.
Living with the Brainy Bunch ★★
Urban Myths: Marilyn Monroe
and Billy Wilder ★★
It has taken 25
episodes over seven
weeks to whittle down the
56 amateur contestants to
three finalists, and in the
process, MasterChef 2018
has produced some of the
best cooking – and some of
the toughest competition
– in the series’ long
history. (It has been
running in one form or
another since 1990; and
since 2005 in, roughly,
its current format with
judges Gregg Wallace and
John Torode presenting.)
This last week has been
no exception, with the
finalists having to dig
deeper than ever to
produce the best dishes
of their lives and some
great moments – notably
during the spectacular trip
to South America when
they met Peruvian
superchef Gaston Acurio
and took on a service at
the fifth best restaurant in
the world, the Central in
Lima, under Michelinstarred maestro Virgilio
Martínez Véliz.
In the finale, it’s all
about who cooks the
best food, though, as
the final three return to
the studio kitchen to
undergo a test of culinary
skills and nerve as they set
about creating the most
The City & the City
BBC TWO, 9.00PM; WALES, 9.30PM
 Cop thrillers don’t come
much more weirdly
dystopian than China
Miéville’s award-winning
2009 novel about a
conjoined pair of cities and
this ultra-stylish adaptation
serves its source material
very well. In episode two,
Inspector Tyador Borlú
(David Morrissey) ventures
back across the border to
the sleek and affluent Ul
Qoma while investigating
the murder of a foreign
student. But Detective Dhatt
(Maria Schrader) stands
firmly in his way. GO
Finalists produce dishes for John Torode (above) & Gregg Wallace
important three-course
meal of their lives –
in the hope of being
judged worthy of a title
Comedy
that has launched
many a great career:
MasterChef champion.
Gerard O’Donovan
Current affairs
Episodes
Front Row Late
BBC TWO, 10.00PM; WALES, 11.05PM
BBC TWO, 11.05PM; WALES, 11.35PM
 Having overcome last
week’s unfortunate episode
in this sitcom, Matt (Matt
LeBlanc) is back on top and
leveraging a spurt in the
ratings and his new-found
celebrity for all it’s worth,
handing Sean (Stephen
Mangan) and Beverly
(Tamsin Greig) a welcome
opportunity for escape
from the passive-aggressive
Tim (Bruce Mackinnon). GO
 Freedom of speech and
censorship are under the
spotlight as host Mary Beard
and guests discuss Theatre
Clwyd’s production The
Assassination of Katie
Hopkins and former US
Secretary of State Madeleine
Albright’s new book
Fascism: A Warning. GO
Lee and Dean
CHANNEL 4, 10.00PM
 More rough charm from
the builders, as life gets
Episodes: Matt LeBlanc
complicated for Stevenage’s
very own Dumb and
Dumber when financial
worries mount up on
Lee (Miles Chapman).
Meanwhile, Dean (Mark
O’Sullivan) is persuaded to
premiere his poetry at the
local arts club. GO
Drama
Lost in Space
NETFLIX, FROM TODAY
 Not so much a rerun as a
spectacular new take on the
classic Sixties sci-fi series
Chef’s Table: Pastry
Factual
Chef ’s Table: Pastry
NETFLIX, FROM TODAY
 This mouth-watering
spin-off from Netflix’s
popular global foodie series
Chef’s Table puts the focus
entirely on sweet stuff,
talking the cameras inside
the kitchens of some of
the world’s best pastry
chefs, among them
Christina Tosi’s Milk Bar in
New York, Corrado
Assenza’s Caffé Sicilia in
Noto, Sicily, Jordi Roca’s
El Celler de Can Roca in
Girona, and Will Goldfarb’s
Room4Dessert in Bali. GO
Radio choice Charlotte Runcie
Podcast Radio Hour
RADIO 4 EXTRA, 11.00AM
 Everyone’s a podcast
addict now, and with the
BBC having appointed its
first Podcast Editor, the line
between podcasting and
traditional radio is
becoming ever more
blurred. Podcasts are often
freer and more in-depth
Radio 1
FM 97.6-99.8MHz
6.30 am The Radio 1 Breakfast
Show with Nick Grimshaw
10.00 Clara Amfo
12.45 pm Newsbeat
1.00 Scott Mills
4.00 The Official Chart with
MistaJam
5.45 Newsbeat
6.00 BBC Radio 1’s Dance
Anthems with MistaJam
7.00 Annie Mac
9.00 Pete Tong
11.00 Danny Howard
1.00 am B.Traits
4.00 - 6.00am Radio 1’s
Essential Mix
Radio 2
FM 88-90.2MHz
6.30
9.30
12.00
2.00
5.00
7.00
8.00
10.00
12.00
2.00
3.00
4.00
5.00
am Fearne Cotton
Trevor Nelson
Jeremy Vine
pm Steve Wright in the
Afternoon
Simon Mayo
Tony Blackburn’s Golden
Hour
Friday Night Is Music Night
Sounds of the 80s
Anneka Rice: The
Happening
am Radio 2’s Funky Soul
Playlist
Radio 2 Playlist: New to 2
Radio 2 Playlist: 21st
Century Songs
- 6.00am Huey on Saturday
Radio 3
FM 90.2-92.4MHz
6.30 am Breakfast
9.00 Essential Classics
12.00 Composer of the Week:
Pachelbel
1.00 pm News
1.02 Radio 3 Lunchtime Concert.
Sarah Walker introduces
highlights from the Norfolk
and Norwich Chamber
Music series, featuring
Beethoven and Dvorák
2.00 Afternoon Concert
than radio, and with fewer
restrictions comes an
overwhelming array of
content. Radio 4 Extra’s
Podcast Radio Hour is, then,
an essential bridge and a
reliable pointer to what to
download. Danish comedian
Sofie Hagen this week talks
to Imriel Morgan of the
Wanna Be podcast about
personal development.
4.30
5.00
7.00
7.30
10.00
10.45
11.00
1.00
BBC Young Musician 2018
In Tune
In Tune Mixtape
◆ Radio 3 in Concert. See
Radio choice
The Verb
The Essay: One Bar Electric
Memoir
Music Planet
- 7.00am Through the
Night
Radio 4
FM 92.4-94.6MHz; LW 198kHz
6.00 am Today
9.00 The Reunion
9.45 FM: Book of the Week:
Packing My Library
9.45 LW: Daily Service
10.00 Woman’s Hour
11.00 The Opt Out
11.30 When the Dog Dies
12.00 News
12.01 pm LW: Shipping Forecast
12.04 Home Front
12.15 You and Yours
12.56 Weather
1.00 The World at One
1.45 Chinese Characters
2.00 The Archers
2.15 Drama: The Deletion
Committee
3.00 Gardeners’ Question Time
3.45 Short Works
4.00 Last Word
4.30 Feedback
4.55 The Listening Project
5.00 PM
5.54 LW: Shipping Forecast
5.57 Weather
6.00 Six O’Clock News
6.30 The News Quiz
7.00 The Archers
7.15 Front Row
7.45 How Does That Make You
Feel?
8.00 Any Questions?
8.50 A Point of View
9.00 Home Front Omnibus
10.00 The World Tonight
10.45 Book at Bedtime: Rabbit Is
Rich
11.00 Great Lives
11.30 Ramblings
11.55 The Listening Project
12.00 News and Weather
Radio 3 in Concert
RADIO 3, 7.30PM
 The familiar mingles
with the new and ambitious
in this Radio 3 in Concert
to end the week, with
performances of Elgar’s
Selections from The
Starlight Express and
The Spirit of England
alongside the London
12.30 am Book of the Week:
Packing My Library
12.48 Shipping Forecast
1.00 As World Service
5.20 Shipping Forecast
5.30 News Briefing
5.43 Prayer for the Day
5.45 - 6.00am iPM
Radio 5 Live
MW 693 & 909kHz
6.00
10.00
1.00
2.00
4.00
7.00
9.30
10.00
1.00
5.00
5.30
am 5 Live Breakfast
Chiles on Friday
pm The Friday Sports Panel
kermode and Mayo’s Film
Review
5 Live Drive
5 Live Sport: The Friday
Football Social. Darren
Fletcher is joined by
Jermaine Jenas to look
ahead to the weekend’s
football action. Plus, a
review of the day’s other
sports news
At Home with Colin Murray
Stephen Nolan
am Up All Night
Under the Weather
- 9.00am Saturday
Breakfast
Classic FM
FM 99.9-101.9MHz
6.00
9.00
1.00
5.00
7.00
8.00
am More Music Breakfast
Nicholas Owen
pm Anne-Marie Minhall
Classic FM Drive
Smooth Classics at Seven
The Full Works Concert.
Catherine Bott concludes
Philharmonia Week with a
complete performance of
the Orchestra’s new
recording of Rachmaninov’s
Symphony No 2
10.00 Smooth Classics
1.00 am katie Breathwick
4.00 - 7.00am Jane Jones
World Service
DIGITAL ONLY
6.00am Newsday 8.30 Business Daily
8.50 Witness 9.00 The Real Story
premiere of Raymond Yiu’s
The World was Once All
Miracle. The BBC
Symphony Orchestra and
Chorus are conducted by
their returning hero
and former chief conductor
Sir Andrew Davis, a
longtime favourite of
the Last Night of the Proms,
for a truly indulgent
evening of fine music.
10.00 World Update 11.00 The
Newsroom 11.30 World Football 12.00
News 12.06pm The 5th Floor 1.00
The Newsroom 1.30 Heart and Soul
2.00 Newshour 3.00 News 3.06 Tech
Tent 3.30 World Business Report 4.00
BBC OS 6.00 News 6.06 The 5th Floor
7.00 The Newsroom 7.30 Sport Today
8.00 News 8.06 HARDtalk 8.30
CrowdScience 9.00 Newshour 10.00
News 10.06 Trending 10.30 World
Football 11.00 News 11.06 The
Newsroom 11.20 Sports News 11.30
World Business Report 12.00 News
12.06am The Real Story 1.00 News
1.06 Business Matters 2.00 News 2.06
The Newsroom 2.30 Heart and Soul
3.00 News 3.06 Global Business 3.30
The Cultural Frontline 4.06 The Real
Story 5.00 News 5.06 The Newsroom
5.30 - 6.00am Boston Calling
Radio 4 Extra
DIGITAL ONLY
6.00am White Heat 6.30 Arthur Mee:
Encyclopaedist 7.00 The Stanley
Baxter Playhouse 7.30 The Hitchhiker’s
Guide to the Galaxy: Hexagonal Phase
8.00 I’m Sorry I’ll Read That Again
8.30 Brothers in Law 9.00 It’s Your
Round 9.30 After Henry 10.00 Jude
the Obscure 11.00 ◆ Podcast Radio
Hour. See Radio choice 12.00 I’m Sorry
I’ll Read That Again 12.30pm
Brothers in Law 1.00 White Heat 1.30
Arthur Mee: Encyclopaedist 2.00 The
Essex Serpent 2.15 Disability: A New
History 2.30 Tristram Shandy 2.45 On
Her Majesty’s Secret Service 3.00 Jude
the Obscure 4.00 It’s Your Round 4.30
After Henry 5.00 The Stanley Baxter
Playhouse 5.30 The Hitchhiker’s Guide
to the Galaxy: Hexagonal Phase 6.00
The Scarifyers: The king of Winter
6.30 Mastertapes 7.00 I’m Sorry I’ll
Read That Again 7.30 Brothers in Law
8.00 White Heat 8.30 Arthur Mee:
Encyclopaedist 9.00 Podcast Radio
Hour. Sarah Wade and Sofie Hagen
recommend their favourite podcasts
10.00 Comedy Club 12.00 The
Scarifyers: The king of Winter
12.30am Mastertapes 1.00 White
Heat 1.30 Arthur Mee: Encyclopaedist
2.00 The Essex Serpent 2.15
Disability: A New History 2.30 Tristram
Shandy 2.45 On Her Majesty’s Secret
Service 3.00 Jude the Obscure 4.00
It’s Your Round 4.30 After Henry 5.00
The Stanley Baxter Playhouse 5.30 6.00am The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the
Galaxy: Hexagonal Phase
***
The Daily Telegraph Friday 13 April 2018
29
Today’s television
FV Freeview FS Freesat (AD) Audio description (R) Repeat (S) Subtitles (SL) In-vision signing
BBC Two
ITV
Channel 4
Channel 5
6.00 am Breakfast (S) 9.15
Commonwealth Games 2018. Live
athletics, diving, hockey and rugby
sevens on day nine (S)
1.00 pm BBC News at One; Weather (S)
1.30 Regional News; Weather (S)
1.45 Doctors (AD) (S)
2.15 800 Words (AD) (S)
3.00 Escape to the Country (AD) (S)
3.45 Money for Nothing (R) (S)
4.30 Flog It! (R) (S)
5.15 Pointless (S)
6.00 BBC News at Six; Weather (S)
6.30 Regional News; Weather (S)
6.00 am Commonwealth Games 2018.
Day nine continues with live rugby
sevens and lawn bowls (S) 9.15
Oxford Street Revealed (AD) (R) (S)
10.00 Homes Under the Hammer
(R) (S) 11.00 Britain’s Home Truths
(AD) (R) (S) 11.45 Dom on the Spot
(S)
12.15 pm Bargain Hunt (AD) (R) (S)
1.00 Commonwealth Games 2018 (S)
5.15 Put Your Money Where Your
Mouth Is (AD) (S)
6.00 Eggheads (S)
6.30 Today at the Games (S)
6.00 am Good Morning Britain (S) 8.30
Lorraine (S) 9.25 The Jeremy Kyle
Show (R) (S) 10.30 This Morning (S)
12.30 pm Loose Women (S)
1.30 News; Weather (S)
1.55 Regional News; Weather (S)
2.00 ITV Racing: Grand National
Festival Live coverage of five races
from Aintree (S)
5.00 The Chase (S)
6.00 Regional News; Weather (S)
6.30 News; Weather (S)
6.00 am Countdown (R) (S) 6.45 3rd
Rock from the Sun (AD) (R) (S) 7.10
3rd Rock from the Sun (AD) (R) (S)
7.35 Everybody Loves Raymond (R)
(S) 8.00 Everybody Loves Raymond
(R) (S) 8.30 Frasier (R) (S) 9.00
Frasier (R) (S) 9.35 Frasier (R) (S)
10.05 Ramsay’s Hotel Hell (AD) (R)
(S) 11.00 Undercover Boss USA (R)
(S)
12.00 Channel 4 News (S)
12.05 pm Come Dine with Me (R) (S)
1.05 Posh Pawnbrokers (R) (S)
2.10 Countdown (S)
3.00 A Place in the Sun: Winter Sun (R)
(S)
4.00 Escape to the Chateau: DIY (AD) (S)
5.00 Four in a Bed (R) (S)
5.30 Star Boot Sale (S)
6.00 The Simpsons (AD) (R) (S)
6.30 Hollyoaks (AD) (R) (S)
6.00 am Milkshake! 9.15 The Wright Stuff
11.15 Can’t Pay? We’ll Take It Away!
(R) (S)
12.10 pm 5 News Lunchtime (S)
12.15 GPs: Behind Closed Doors (AD) (R)
(S)
1.10 Access
1.15 Home and Away (AD) (S)
1.45 Neighbours (AD) (S)
2.20 NCIS Special: Game of Shadows
(AD) (R) (S)
3.20 FILM: Patient Killer (2015, TVM)
Psychological thriller starring
Victoria Pratt (S)
5.00 5 News at 5 (S)
5.30 Neighbours (AD) (R) (S)
6.00 Home and Away (AD) (R) (S)
6.30 5 News Tonight (S)
The Graham Norton Show
The City & the City
Coronation Street
7.00 Emmerdale Aaron and Liv prepare
for her day in court, (AD) (S)
7.00 The One Show (S)
7.30 Sounds Like Friday Night Featuring
Lily Allen, Sam Smith, James Bay, 5
Seconds of Summer and Little Mix
(S)
8.30 MasterChef: The Final The last
three cooks vie to become the
show’s 14th champion. Last in the
series See What to watch (AD) (S)
8.00 Love Your Garden A couple who
founded a charity to support
bereaved families (AD) (S)
9.00 The City & the City Borlu suspects a
nationalist group of involvement in
Mahalia’s death See What to watch
(AD) (S)
9.00 Lethal Weapon A secret about
Riggs’ deceased wife is revealed
when he visits his father-in-law in
prison (AD) (S)
10.00 BBC News at Ten (S)
10.25 Regional News; Weather (S)
10.35 The Graham Norton Show With
guests Dwayne Johnson, Naomie
Harris and Roger Daltrey (S)
11.25 Wannabe 11.50 Commonwealth
Games 2018. Live athletics, hockey,
road cycling and rugby sevens on
day 10 3.30- 6.00am
Commonwealth Games 2018.
Further live coverage of athletics,
hockey and road cycling on day 10
10.00 Episodes Matt tries to secure
confirmation of a new series See
What to watch (AD) (S)
10.30 Newsnight (S)
11.05 Front Row Late See What to watch
11.35 The Assassination of Gianni
Versace: American Crime Story
12.30am Sign Zone: Civilisations
1.30 Sign Zone: Picasso’s Last Stand
2.30 Sign Zone: The Assassination
of Gianni Versace: American Crime
Story 3.30 - 6.00am News
10.00 News; Weather (S)
10.30 Regional News; Weather (S)
10.45 FILM: Invictus (2009) Fact-based
drama starring Morgan Freeman
See Film choice (AD) (S)
S4C
Variations
6.00am Cyw 12.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd
12.05pm Genod y Carnifal 12.30 Band Cymru 2018
1.30 Llys Nini 2.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 2.05
Prynhawn Da 3.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 3.05
Pengelli 3.30 Dei a Tom 4.00 Awr Fawr 5.00 Stwnsh
6.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 6.05 Celwydd Noeth
6.30 Garddio a Mwy 7.00 Heno 8.00 Pobol y Cwm 8.25
Codi Hwyl 9.00 Newyddion 9 a’r Tywydd 9.30 Galw Nain
Nain Nain 10.05 Bocsio 10.35 - 11.40pm Parch
Northern Ireland
BBC One:
No variations
BBC Two:
6.30pm Your Home in Their
Hands 7.30 Ulster Rugby Live
9.30 - 10.30 The City & the
City 11.05 Episodes 11.35 12.05am Front Row Late
1.15 am Jackpot247 3.00 Take on the
Twisters 3.50 - 6.00am ITV
Nightscreen
7.00 pm World News Today
7.30 BBC Young Musician 2018
9.00 Nat King Cole: Afraid of the
Dark
10.30 Joy of the Guitar Riff
11.30 Rollermania: Britain’s
Biggest Boy Band
12.30 am Cilla at the BBC
1.30 Totally British: ‘70s Rock ’n’
Roll
2.30 - 4.00am Nat King Cole:
Afraid of the Dark
ITV3
FV 10 FS 115 SKY 119 VIRGIN 117
10.20
12.35
1.35
2.40
3.15
3.50
4.20
4.55
5.25
5.55
7.00
8.00
10.00
11.05
12.05
1.55
2.50
3.40
ITV2
10.20am The Bachelor 12.15pm
Emmerdale 1.15 You’ve Been Framed!
Gold 1.45 The Ellen DeGeneres Show
2.35 The Jeremy Kyle Show 4.50 Judge
Rinder 5.50 Take Me Out 7.00 You’ve
Been Framed! Gold 8.00 Two and a Half
Men 9.00 FILM: American Pie 2 (2001)
Comedy sequel starring Jason Biggs
11.05 Family Guy 12.05am American
Dad! 1.05 Two and a Half Men 1.55
Totally Bonkers Guinness World Records
2.20-5.50am Teleshopping
E4
Noon The Goldbergs 1.00pm The Big
Bang Theory 2.00 How I Met Your
Mother 3.00 New Girl 4.00 Brooklyn
Nine-Nine 5.00 The Goldbergs 6.00 The
Big Bang Theory 7.00 Hollyoaks 7.30
Extreme Cake Makers 8.00 The Big Bang
Theory 9.00 FILM: GI Joe: Retaliation
(2013) Action adventure sequel starring
Dwayne Johnson 11.10 The Big Bang
Theory 12.05am First Dates 1.10 Tattoo
Fixers 2.20 Gogglebox 3.10-4.05am
Rude Tube
More4
11.35am Four in a Bed 2.10pm Come
Dine with Me 4.50 A Place in the Sun:
Summer Sun 5.55 Kirstie and Phil’s Love
It or List It 6.55 The Secret Life of the
am Inspector Morse
pm The Royal
Heartbeat
Classic Coronation Street
Classic Coronation Street
On the Buses
On the Buses
You’re Only Young Twice
Rising Damp
Heartbeat
Murder, She Wrote
Agatha Christie’s Marple
The Syndicate
Killer Women with Piers
Morgan
am Vera
The Zoo
Million Dollar Princesses
- 4.05am On the Buses
Zoo 7.55 Grand Designs 9.00 Rough
Justice 10.00 24 Hours in A&E 12.10am
Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA 1.10
24 Hours in A&E 3.15-3.55am 8 Out of
10 Cats: More Best Bits
Dave
Noon American Pickers 1.00pm Top
Gear 3.00 Sin City Motors 4.00 Steve
Austin’s Broken Skull Challenge 5.00 Top
Gear 7.00 QI XL 8.00 Into the Fire 9.00
Fawlty Towers 11.00 Have I Got a Bit
More News for You 12.00 QI 1.15am
Mock the Week 1.55 QI 3.15-4.00am
Parks and Recreation
Sky Sports Main Event
11.00am Live European Tour Golf. The
Open de Espana 1.00pm Live PGA Tour
Golf. The RBC Heritage 3.00 Live Indian
Premier League. Royal Challengers
Bangalore v Kings XI Punjab 7.00 Live
EFL. Aston Villa v Leeds United (Kick-off
7.45pm). All the action from the
Championship fixture at Villa Park, where
the hosts will continue their efforts to
earn promotion to the Premier League
10.15 The Debate. Discussion on the
latest Premier League news 11.15 PL
Greatest Games 11.30 Premier League
Preview 12.00 Sky Sports News 2.00am
Formula 1 3.45-5.15am Live Formula 1.
The third practice session for the Chinese
Grand Prix
SKY CINEMA PREMIERE, 8.00PM ★★★★★
 The latest film in the Alien saga
from Ridley Scott is arguably
a mad scientist movie. It follows the
crew of the colony ship Covenant
(including Katherine Waterson)
as they discover what they think
is an uncharted paradise, but
what they uncover a threat beyond
their imagination. Michael Fassbender
puts in a spectacular turn as
kindly robot David and his twisted
“brother” Walter.
Invictus (2009)
ITV, 10.45PM ★★★★
8.00 I Don’t Like Mondays Alan Carr
hosts the comedy game show with
guest Jonathan Ross (S)
8.00 Springtime on the Farm Updates
from all of the stories covered earlier
in the week. Last in the series (S)
9.00 Gogglebox The households’
opinions on recent TV (AD) (S)
9.00 Jane McDonald: My Life Story
Profile of the singer (S)
10.00 Lee and Dean The builders carry
out their first ever job for a gay
couple See What to watch (AD) (S)
10.35 8 Out of 10 Cats (R) (S)
11.20 Rob Beckett’s Playing for Time 11.50
Rude Tube 12.50am FILM: Oldboy
(2013) 2.35 Kiss Me First 3.30
Building the Dream 4.25 The
Question Jury 5.20 Steph and Dom’s
One Star to Five Star 5.45 - 6.15am
Steph and Dom’s One Star to Five
Star
 Following the death of Nelson
Mandela’s ex-wife Winnie last week,
aged 81, here’s Clint Eastwood’s
take on South Africa’s World Cup
victory in 1995. As the country
emerges from apartheid, the newly
elected President Mandela (an
uncanny Morgan Freeman) sees the
potential for the national rugby team,
led by François Pienaar (Matt Damon),
to be a catalyst for harmony. This
is a polished and uplifting film.
10.00 Will & Grace Jack suffers a crisis of
faith after he breaks up with Drew
(S)
10.30 Will & Grace Last in the series (S)
11.05 Greatest Ever Celebrity Wind Ups
12.00 SuperCasino 3.10am GPs:
Behind Closed Doors 4.00 The
Great Yorkshire Bridge 4.45 House
Doctor 5.10 Divine Designs 5.35 6.00am Wildlife SOS
Monty Python Live at the
Hollywood Bowl (1982)
GOLD, 1.40AM ★★★★
UTV:
8.00 - 8.30pm UTV Life
1.15am Teleshopping 2.45 3.00am ITV Nightscreen
Scotland
BBC One:
No variations
BBC Two:
No variations
STV:
2.00 - 5.00pm Racing on STV:
Grand National Festival 8.00 8.30 Peter & Roughie’s Friday
Football Show 1.15 - 2.15am
Teleshopping 3.15 Tenable
4.05 The Jeremy Kyle Show
5.00 - 6.00am Teleshopping
Wales
BBC One:
No variations
BBC Two:
7.30pm Scrum V Live 9.30 10.30 The City & the City
11.05 Episodes 11.35 Front
Row Late 12.10 - 12.30am
Coast
 Much like The Secret Policeman’s
Ball, this comedy performance
film sees the Monty Python gang
take to the stage, but this time
they’re in Hollywood. Among the
sketches are the Silly Olympics,
where athletes compete in absurd
sports, The Lumberjack Song, and
The Ministry of Silly Walks. This film
also features Carol Cleveland in
numerous supporting roles.
ITV Wales:
6.00 - 6.30pm ITV News
Wales at Six 8.00 - 8.30pm
Velindre: Hospital of Hope
ITV Regions
No variations, except:
ITV Channel:
1.15 - 3.00am ITV
Nightscreen
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FV 9 FS 107 SKY 116 VIRGIN 107
Jane McDonald: My Life Story
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am The Avengers
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12.10
1.20
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Our Place
30
***
Friday 13 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Weather and crosswords
Nature notes
Duck driven close
to extinction
A once-common duck is now rarer
than the giant panda, figures have
revealed.
The critically endangered Baer’s
pochard population is now estimated
to be less than 1,000, making it one of
the rarest species in the world.
In the wild, numbers are even lower
– thought to be between 250 and 999,
compared to 1,864 giant pandas.
Once prevalent across central and
south-east Asia, Baer’s pochard
numbers suffered a serious decline
from what are suspected to be major
changes to wetland habitat. The most
important known site for the ducks is
now Hengshui Lake, 150 miles
south-west of Beijing – one of the
largest cities in the world.
Though several species of birds
have become extinct in recent years,
the Baer’s pochard is the first species
established across a major continent to
become critically endangered.
Samantha Herbert
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