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The Guardian - April 6, 2018

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Section:GDN 1N PaGe:1 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:S
6 April 2018
Issue № 53,376
Sent at 5/4/2018 21:18
Lost in showbiz
Marina Hyde
on TV chefs
A Quiet Place
The making of a
modern superstar
G2 Film&Music
Police ‘have
lost control
of the streets’
Former senior Met officer
condemns budget cuts and
lack of leadership in London
Vikram Dodd and Damien Gayle
A former senior police officer has said
Scotland Yard appears to have lost
control of London’s streets, and has
accused the Met leadership of a “deafening” silence as the capital’s murder
toll so far this year has passed 50.
After two murders in Hackney, east
London, Victor Olisa, the Met’s former
head of diversity and head of policing
in Tottenham, said he feared the violence could get worse. He said budget
cuts and new demands on police were
taking officers off the street and away
from gathering intelligence.
“Communities are saying we don’t
see the police around any more,”
he told the Guardian. “It appears to
▲ Israel Ogunsola,
who was 18, died
in the street after
being stabbed
aide backed
‘black ops’
in Ukraine
people I have spoken to as though
the police have lost control of public
spaces and the streets.”
Olisa said Met chiefs should have
been more visible after this week’s rise
in violence. “The silence from senior
officers in the Met is deafening,” he
said. “They should say we need more
information from the public, this is
what we are doing, this is what the
results are.”
The Metropolitan police commander, Cressida Dick, yesterday
attempted to take control of the crisis
by launching a new taskforce of 120
officers and telling the public: “You
will see us being even more proactive
out on the streets.”
But Olisa said that wider cuts were
making police officers’ jobs harder.
“You don’t have as many officers
available to patrol or spend time in
public spaces as you did five years
ago,” he said. “There is less time to
build conversation lines, so you can
get information back.”
The retired officer was speaking as
investigations began into the two latest killings. An 18-year-old collapsed
in the street after being stabbed, and a
man aged 53 died after a betting shop
fight. The teenager was named as
Israel Ogunsola. The two deaths took
the suspected murder toll in London
to more than 50 in three months. Last
night reports emerged that two more
people were in hospital after a stabbing in east London.
Olisa’s intervention was the latest in
a week of fierce exchanges over the factors behind the increase in
12 
violence in London this year.
Luke Harding
Donald Trump’s former campaign
manager Paul Manafort authorised a
secret media operation on behalf of a
Ukrainian president, featuring “black
ops”, “placed” articles in the Wall
Street Journal and anonymous briefings against Hillary Clinton.
The project, to boost the reputation of Ukraine’s then leader, Viktor
‘My strength is
growing daily’
Yulia Skripal makes her first statement
since the Salisbury nerve agent attack
Yanukovych, was part of a multimillion-dollar lobbying effort by Manafort
on behalf of the Kiev government,
emails and documents reveal.
The strategies included:
• Proposing to rewrite Wikipedia
entries to smear a key opponent of
the then Ukrainian president.
• Setting up a fake thinktank in Vienna
to disseminate pro-Yanukovych views.
• A social media blitz that was “aimed
at targeted audiences in Europe and
the US”.
• Briefing journalists from the farrightwing Breitbart website to attack
Clinton, then US secretary of state.
The strategy anticipates efforts by
the Kremlin and its troll factory to use
Twitter and Facebook to discredit Clinton and help Trump win the 2016 US
election. The material seen by the
Guardian dates from 2011 to 2013.
Robert Mueller, the special counsel investigating claims of collusion
between the Trump campaign and
Russia, has indicted Manafort on
Page 6 multiple counts. He is accused of laundering profits from his lobbying work
in Ukraine, carried out over a decade
for Yanukovych and his political party.
Mueller also accuses Manafort of
hiring retired European politicians to
lobby on behalf of Yanukovych, and
paying them more than €2m (£1.7m)
via offshore accounts.
The documents reveal another
surreptitious operation to influence
international opinion.
18 
In 2010 Yanukovych
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:2 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 5/4/2018 20:39
Friday 6 April 2018
The Guardian Friday 6 April 2018
▼ Mark Zuckerberg owns 16% of
Facebook but his shareholding gives
him 60% of voting rights
National Pages 5-24
Number of profiles that Facebook
says were extracted from the social
networking site in the data breach
Alongside Zuckerberg’s statement,
the company announced a host of
restrictive privacy policies, aimed at
making it harder for users’ data to be
extracted from the site.
In response to the changes, Denham
said: “Facebook has been cooperating
with us and, while I am pleased with
the changes they are making, it is too
early to say whether they are sufficient
under the law.
“This is an important time for
privacy rights. Transparency and
accountability must be considered,
otherwise it will be impossible to
rebuild trust in the way that personal
information is obtained, used and
shared online.”
In the official blogpost that preceded Zuckerberg’s statement, the
company admitted that data had been
scraped from “most” of Facebook’s
2 billion users’ profiles.
Until Wednesday, users could look
up Facebook profiles by entering an
email or phone number. However, the
company’s chief technology officer,
Mike Schroepfer, said: “Malicious
actors have also abused these features
to scrape public profile information by
submitting phone numbers or email
addresses they already have through
search and account recovery.
“Given the scale and sophistication
of the activity we’ve seen, we believe
most people on Facebook could have
had their public profile scraped in this
way. So we have now disabled this
Lukasz Olejnik, an independent
security and privacy consultant, said
that, as Facebook geared up for the
introduction the EU’s general data
protection regulation (GDPR), it was
having to be more careful about how it
dealt with data-harvesting operations.
“The functionality of uncontrolled
and unaccounted siphoning of data is
not exactly in line with GDPR in general,” he said.
If Facebook’s shareholders decide
Zuckerberg should take responsibility
for the scandal, they have little chance
of ousting him. While the chief executive and co-founder owns 16% of the
company, the special class of shares he
holds give him 60% of voting rights. He
is also chairman of the board.
say the proposals put on the table by
the UK last week are not much different to those made last August, which
were based on technological solutions
and were dismissed by the EU as “magical thinking”.
The UK team, led by No 10’s Brexit
adviser Olly Robbins, has apparently
acknowledged that “non-tariff barriers” are the main stumbling block on
trade. These include food hygiene and
agricultural checks on lamb, beef and
dairy products crossing the border.
The British side is suggesting that
regulatory “equivalence” on both
sides of the border would ensure
checks on livestock, food and pharmaceuticals could remain the same.
However, it is also insisting on the
future right to diverge from EU law,
which Brussels fears could open the
floodgates to chlorinated chicken
and hormone-injected beef if the UK
agrees a deal with the US.
It is understood that the EU does
not accept standards would be maintained by a voluntary alignment and
is unwilling to make an exception for
Ireland just to ensure an open border.
Progress will be assessed on 18 April
by Robbins and Sabine Weyand, the
EU’s deputy negotiator.
The agenda in the first week of talks
centred on customs, food and agriculture inspections, and the use of the
UK as a “land bridge” between Ireland and the continent – preserving
Irish exporters’ ability to send their
goods to Europe via the UK rather
than by a longer route. Issues still to
be addressed include the treatment of
EU citizens in Northern Ireland.
Pressure is on Britain to come up
with a plan by 18 April . Unless a solution acceptable to both sides is found,
the EU will insist on the backstop
option of full regulatory alignment
north and south of the border, something the prime minister has said she
would not tolerate.
Two other options – that the overall
deal would obviate the need for a hard
border or a bespoke arrangement for
Northern Ireland – are being discussed
in parallel in the current round of talks.
Ireland views the third option –
Northern Ireland remaining in the
customs union and the single market
– as an “insurance policy” in the event
of no agreement on the other options.
Yulia Skripal Novichok poisoning victim speaks publicly for
the first time since she was taken to hospital | Page 6
Open University Staff pass vote of no-confidence in vicechancellor after shake-up | Page 8
Gender pay More than 1,500 companies fail
to report on disparity | Page 11
Brain power Humans produce neurons long
after previously thought | Page 17
World Pages 25-33
Spain Whistleblower who exposed wrongdoing
at HSBC faces extradition to Switzerland | Page 28
Facebook among 30 cases
in political data inquiry
Slovakia Public anger grows over state corruption
and killings | Page 33
Alex Hern
Brazil Former president Lula faces jail after
ruling by country’s highest court | Page 25
Financial Pages 34-37
Car sales Slump in March extends overall fall
in market to 12 months | Page 34
Speeding along Quick sale of 5G network raises
hopes of superfast mobile broadband | Page 35
Journal Centre section
 Boris Johnson fails to
see that intelligence
means doubt
Page 1
 Saying women don’t
want the top jobs won’t
wash any more
Page 3
G2 Centre section, tucked inside Journal
Divine intervention How Drake became a
global superstar | Page 12
TV review Silicon Valley - the show that holds
a mirror up to its nerdy fans| Page 22
Sport Back section
Championship Cardiff v Wolves is a reminder of
how much promotion means | Page 41
Commonwealth Games Triathalon medal
ceremony goes ahead but no Brownlees | Page 42
Puzzles G2, page 16 | Journal, page 12
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No. 53,376, Friday 6 April 2018. Registered as a newspaper
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The UK information commissioner is
investigating 30 organisations, one
of which is Facebook, as part of its
inquiry into the use of personal data
and analytics for political purposes.
Elizabeth Denham, the information commissioner, said: “As part of
my investigation into the use of personal data and analytics by political
campaigns, parties, social media companies and other commercial actors,
the Information Commissioner’s
Office (ICO) is investigating 30 organisations, including Facebook.
“The ICO is looking at how data was
collected from a third-party app on
Facebook and shared with Cambridge
Analytica. We are also conducting a
broader investigation into how social
media platforms were used in political campaigning.”
Denham welcomed changes made
by Facebook to boost user privacy, but
said it was too early to say whether
they were sufficient under the law.
Meanwhile, the digital, culture,
media and sport secretary, Matt Hancock, announced he would call in
Facebook executives to press them
Britain urged to
bring fresh ideas
to discussions
on Irish border
Lisa O’Carroll
Brexit correspondent
The UK’s Brexit negotiators are being
urged to come up with a fresh plan to
solve the deadlock on the Irish border
as talks on the issue continue.
Six weeks of negotiations on Ireland
began on Monday last week in Brussels as part of a UK-EU deal to explore
workable solutions for the border, days
after Theresa May said the transition
deal struck last month would inject a
“new dynamic” into talks.
However, there is mounting concern that Britain is no closer to finding
a solution, with no ideas considered
developed enough to form the framework for a post-Brexit plan. Sources
about safeguarding users’ data. He
spoke after admissions from Facebook
that more than 1 million British users
may have had their data improperly
shared with the political consultancy
Cambridge Analytica – and that an
unrelated data-scraping operation,
not previously acknowledged, had
extracted the data of “most” of the
company’s 2 billion users.
Despite the revelations, Mark Zuckerberg again rejected calls for heads to
roll at Facebook, saying that he took
full responsibility.
Speaking after Facebook’s fullest
statement yet about the data breach,
which the company says resulted in
87m profiles being extracted from the
platform, Zuckerberg insisted he was
the correct person to run the company.
“At the end of the day, this is my
responsibility … I started this place. I
run it. And I am responsible for what
happens here. … I’m not looking to
throw anyone else under the bus for
mistakes that we’ve made here.”
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:3 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 5/4/2018 19:30
Friday 6 April 2018 The Guardian
Art review
Glorious show
paints Monet
in a new light
Monet & Architecture
National Gallery, London
Jonathan Jones
n 1918, an artist gave the
French state a spectacular
gift. Claude Monet offered a
series of dizzying paintings of
his waterlily pond as a symbol
of peace, to mark the end of a
murderous world war.
This gesture always puzzled me,
until I saw the National Gallery’s
game-changing exhibition of one of
the world’s most joyously accessible
artists. It seemed so strange that
Monet – the thoughtless painter of
fleeting light – should make such a
serious public statement. How many
people even connect his sensuous
lilies with the slaughter of Verdun?
That’s the trouble with Monet.
His art is so instantly, ecstatically
enjoyable that it seems to blow away
ideas, meaning or depth. He can
come across as the Andy Warhol of
impressionism, so comfortable in
the surface of life that he makes any
deeper thought unnecessary.
At first sight, Monet & Architecture may seem like just another
excuse to bathe in that unequalled
light. For, behind its austere title,
this is a ludicrously pleasurable
holiday in Monet’s senses. There’s
no slow, dull build-up as we wait
patiently for him to grow as an artist.
He’s already bloody good in his 1864
painting Chapel Notre-Dame-deGrace, Honfleur, done when he was
24. For Monet was a prodigy, born to
paint. As a teenager in Le Havre, he
became a local celebrity for caricatures he showed in a shop window.
By the time he painted that Norman
church, he had a uniquely sensitive
eye for nature.
That vision takes off and flies in
the first few canvases of this superb
show. Street in Sainte-Adresse,
painted in 1867, has a dappled silvergrey cloudscape hanging over it
that is so fresh, so alive. “Monet is
only an eye,” claimed Paul Cézanne,
“but my God, what an eye!” To surrender to that eye is to enjoy one of
the most uninhibited pleasures in
art. Stand with Monet on a wooded
rocky shore looking across glittering
turquoise water at the golden skyline of Antibes in his 1888 painting
Antibes, Morning. Walk with him in
the haze of a snowy day delighting in
the new-born white world in Snow
Effect, Giverny, painted in 1893.
But Cézanne was wrong and this
exhibition proves it. As you wallow
in this party for the retina, strange
things happen: places loom, full of
history, throbbing with emotion.
A medieval church soars on top
of a seaside promontory in Monet’s
rhapsodic 1882 landscape The
Church at Varengeville. The sky is
yellow, the green hill a windswept
blur, the sea a luminous mist of
water. Yet at the apex of this ethereal
poem of colours stands the solid,
sharp darkness of a church built centuries earlier. Monet painted it more
than once. It glows with meaning.
Architecture was a moral force in
the 19th century. In a rapidly industrialising world, old buildings were
cherished in a new way. Medieval
near Zaandam,
painted in 1871.
Below left,
one of Monet’s
featuring the
church at
As you wallow in
this party for the
retina, strange things
happen. Places
loom, throbbing
with emotion
survivors, such as the 13th-century
church at Varengeville, were seen
as remnants of a communal past
that capitalism was destroying. In
Britain, this medievalist movement
was given an explicit anti-capitalist
twist by the critic John Ruskin. In
France, it was expressed in the passionate, imaginative restoration of
Notre Dame by the architect EugèneEmmanuel Viollet-le-Duc and the
neo-medieval construction of the
Sacré-Cœur, begun in 1875.
Monet’s intense, dreamlike, rever-
ent paintings of the church at Varengeville are the first big clues in this
exhibition that he shares the moral
vision of Ruskin: that he dreams of
a quasi-socialist middle ages whose
lost paradise can still be glimpsed in
the sombre stones of old churches.
The second clue comes when we
suddenly enter modern Paris.
Received wisdom has it that
Monet and his fellow impressionists celebrate modern, middle-class
city life. Yet this exhibition reveals
a very different Monet, one anxious
about the industrial world and horrified by its injustices. Far from a glib
celebration of big city lights, in his
1873 painting Boulevard des Capucines, Paris is nightmarish. It subtly
anticipates Edvard Munch. Street
lights cast a blinding inhuman glow
over a crowd of black-clothed people
who mill about like insects under
the coolly watchful eyes of two tophatted observers on a balcony.
▼ The Water-lily
Pond. Monet
made a gift of
his lily paintings
to the nation
as a gesture of
peace at the end
of the first world
war – an impulse
embodied in
much of his
other work
This shocking encounter with
Monet the critic of capitalism prepares you for some of his greatest
works. His paintings of the gothic
facade of Rouen Cathedral, painted
in the early 1890s, are mind-stretching marvels. Each one shows exactly
the same view but at a different time
of day, in totally contrasting light.
They are paintings that capture
time itself. The light may change
from moment to moment, but the
stones of Rouen have lasted centuries. In a world hurtling into the
mechanical modern future, Monet
keeps coming back to study this
ancient survivor.
His gift to the French nation
makes sense to me now. Decades
before the first world war began,
Monet was painting to restore the
heart of a heartless world.
At the National Gallery, 9 April to
29 July. Tickets 0800 912 6958
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:4 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 5/4/2018 19:25
The Guardian Friday 6 April 2018
▼ The coffin of Cardinal Keith O’Brien
is blessed after the funeral mass in
Newcastle upon Tyne yesterday
asked to be
in his will
‘We pray for those he
offended and ask God
to strengthen them’
Cardinal Vincent Nichols
Funeral celebrant
Harriet Sherwood
Religion correspondent
Cardinal Keith O’Brien, the disgraced
former head of the Roman Catholic church in Scotland who died last
month, asked in his will for forgiveness
from those he offended, it emerged
yesterday at his funeral service.
O’Brien died in hospital in Newcastle upon Tyne after a fall. He received
the last rites on his 80th birthday.
He was forced to resign as archbishop of St Andrew’s and Edinburgh
in February 2013 when serious allegations of sexual misconduct emerged
after an investigation by the Observer.
Three priests and a former priest
accused him of improper sexual conduct in the 1980s.
At the time, O’Brien was the most
senior Catholic figure in Britain, and
had publicly campaigned against
gay marriage and gay rights, which
led to his being named “bigot of the
year” by the LGBT rights organisation
Stonewall in 2012.
The cardinal initially denied the
allegations made against him but,
within days, offered his resignation
to Pope Francis.
Mourners were told by Cardinal
Vincent Nichols, the archbishop of
Westminster, who led the service, that
O’Brien wrote in his last will and testament, “I ask for forgiveness for all I
have offended in this life”.
After the claims being made public,
O’Brien retained his title as cardinal
despite his misconduct. At the time,
he said his sexual conduct had “fallen
below the standards expected of me as
a priest, archbishop and cardinal”. He
moved to Ireland, then to Northumberland, before settling in Newcastle.
Among the 200 mourners at a
requiem mass in St Michael’s church
in Newcastle were Archbishop Edward
Adams, the papal nuncio, or envoy,
and about 40 priests and nuns.
In his funeral homily, Nichols said:
“In recent days, as we all know, the life
of Cardinal Keith has been laid bare.
We all know its lights and its darkness
and we need not spend time talking
about them, even more because he
himself gave us the key words to keep
in mind.
“In his last will and testament he
wrote: ‘I ask for forgiveness of all I have
offended in this life. I thank God for
the many graces and blessings he has
given me especially the sacrament of
holy orders.’”
Nichols went on: “These are the
words that guide us as we pray for the
repose of his soul, and we also pray
for all those he offended and ask God
to strengthen them at this time too.”
Nichols said there had been “great
goodness” in O’Brien’s life not least his
determination to help the poor.
O’Brien will be buried today at
Mount Vernon cemetery in Edinburgh
in the grave of his mother and father,
in accordance with his own wishes.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:5 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Friday 6 April 2018 The Guardian
A Space Odyssey
Kubrick ‘risked
stuntman’s life’
Page 15
Sent at 5/4/2018 20:15
A new sensation
Exhibition heralds
boom in Iranian art
Page 21
Intruder killed in pensioner’s home
was wanted over another burglary
Ben Quinn and Owen Bowcott
An intruder killed in a raid on a pensioner’s home was wanted over
another burglary involving an elderly
victim, it has emerged.
Henry Vincent, 37, died in the incident at the south-east London home
of Richard Osborn-Brooks, who was
arrested on suspicion of murder. In
January, Vincent had been named by
Kent police as they investigated a “distraction burglary” in which valuables
were stolen from a man in his 70s.
Police said Vincent was stabbed
in the upper body during a struggle
and was found collapsed in the road.
DCI Simon Harding said a second man
involved in the burglary was at large.
Osborn-Brooks, 78, was freed on
bail yesterday after being questioned
by police. He suffered bruising to his
arms in the incident, which began
when he found two men in his home
in the early hours of Wednesday morning. His arrest sparked anger among
neighbours and an online fundraising campaign to support him.
The injured man was dragged from
the house in Hither Green by an alleged
accomplice but was left on a pavement. Vincent was pronounced dead
at hospital at 3.37am on Wednesday.
Detectives are hunting for the second man, who was seen fleeing. Police
at the scene lifted cars to inspect drains
for discarded weapons.
Vincent and a man identified as Billy
Jeeves were subjects of an appeal by
Kent police in January in connection
with a burglary at the home of a man
in his 70s in Farningham, near Sevenoaks, last November.
The earlier case involved a woman
knocking at the door and seeking refuge, claiming to have been assaulted.
She left when a van pulled up and
sounded its horn; the pensioner later
found that valuables were missing.
The MP for Lewisham East, Labour’s
Heidi Alexander, and legal experts said
householders were entitled to defend
themselves in their homes if they
believed they were being attacked.
A neighbour of Osborn-Brooks
backed his right to self-defence. “He
deserves a medal,” she said. “You cannot break into people’s houses.
“This is a pensioner that has worked
all his life who wants to live and die
quietly. I lived in America: if this was in
America this wouldn’t be a big issue.”
The law
Householders’ rights
A householder’s right to use force
in self-defence when confronting
a burglar has been strengthened
repeatedly in recent years. Since
1967 “reasonable” force to prevent
crime or apprehend an offender
has been legal. Any intruder is
likely to fall within the act’s scope.
The controversy over Tony
Martin, a Norfolk farmer jailed in
1999 for murder after shooting a
burglar as he fled, turned the legal
definition into a hot political issue.
He was jailed for nine years but
on appeal it was reduced to three
years for manslaughter.
The case led to several reforms.
Labour enshrined the common
law of self-defence into statute
in 2008, permitting the use of
reasonable force when a defendant
was confronted. The coalition
government went further, with a
clause that came into force in 2013,
allowing a “disproportionate” level
of force if one reasonably believed
it was necessary. Owen Bowcott
Alexander said: “Finding someone
in your own home in the middle of the
night doesn’t bear thinking about, and
I think it goes without saying that you
should have a right to defend yourself.
“The law on the extent of that right
changed a few years ago following the
case of Tony Martin, and while every
incident will be different, it seems to
me that the legal balance which currently exists is broadly appropriate.
“In any circumstances where someone is injured or dies – including where
that is an intruder or a burglar – you
would expect the police to ascertain
the facts of what happened and ensure
that a proper process is followed.”
Ian Kelcey, co-chair of the Law Society’s criminal law committee, said he
did not believe there was a need to
change the law on self-defence.
“The police are in an invidious situation,” he said. “They have to show
they have carried out a robust investigation. Officers have to establish
whether this was self-defence or ‘red
mist’ [anger] after the event.
“The police have to go through the
investigative process to show it’s been
robust and send it on to the Crown
Prosecution Service. The difficulty
is how you do a robust investigation
▲ Officers investigate drains near the
house of Richard Osborn-Brooks, top.
Above: the dead man, Henry Vincent
as well as a humane investigation for
someone of that age.”
Unless, for example, a burglar
was stabbed in the back as they were
running away, Kelcey added, such a
situation is unlikely to lead to charges.
“If someone is threatening you or
attacking you with a screwdriver, it’s
probably fair enough to grab a knife in
self-defence. It’s proportionate.
“Does the law need changing? I
don’t think so. You can’t go around
giving carte blanche to householders
to permit them to shoot or stab anyone
who steps into their home.”
Osborn-Brooks received support from the celebrity businessman
Duncan Bannatyne, who tweeted:
“Arrested? He should get a medal.”
However, Sarah Hayward, a Labour
councillor in Camden, north London,
and until recently leader of the council,
tweeted: “Due process is important.
This is an unpopular position to take in
the current environment. But the Met
are right to investigate whether there
was wrongdoing by Richard OsbornBrooks. Someone has died, they really
ought to check whether it was justified
and defendable.”
Local residents were due to attend
a public meeting last night with police
and councillors, to discuss what leaflets called the “horrific” incident.
Police forensics teams were still
working yesterday on the street, which
was cordoned off at both ends.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:6 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 5/4/2018 20:25
The Guardian Friday 6 April 2018
Diplomatic crisis
▼ Russian state-run TV plays an
alleged phone call between Yulia
Skripal and her cousin Viktoria
‘My strength is growing each day’:
message of defiance from victim
Steven Morris
Patrick Wintour
Andrew Roth Moscow
Thirty-two days after she and her
father collapsed in a nerve agent
attack, Yulia Skripal yesterday sent
out the defiant message that she was
growing in strength every day and was
grateful to the British people who had
helped them.
The 33-year-old thanked the people
of Salisbury for coming to her aid when
she and her father, the former Russian
spy Sergei Skripal, were “incapacitated” and praised medical staff for
nursing them both.
It is not known if she has told counter-terrorism officers how she believes
she and her father were attacked
but the fact that the statement was
released via the Metropolitan police
suggests she is co-operating with the
British authorities.
If that is the case, it will be a blow to
Moscow, which has been seeking consular access to the Skripals as it tries
to defend itself against accusations
from the British government that it
is behind the 4 March attack. Russia
said yesterday that it expected Yulia
to return to Russia.
The UK Foreign Office revealed
yesterday, however, that she had not
taken up Russia’s offer of help. A Foreign Office spokesman said: “We have
conveyed to Ms Skripal the Russian
embassy’s offer of consular assistance.
Ms Skripal is now able to choose if and
when to take up this offer, but to date
she has not done so.”
Her statement was released just
hours after her cousin Viktoria Skripal
claimed from Moscow that Yulia had
told her that she and her father were
getting better. She released what she
said was a recording of a phone call
with Yulia in which she said her father
was sleeping and nobody had suffered
irreversible damage.
The expectation had been that both
Sergei and Yulia had suffered lasting
damage. A high court judgment published on 22 March said: “Medical tests
indicate that their mental capacity
might be compromised to an unknown
and so far unascertained degree.”
But in her upbeat statement yesterday, Yulia said: “I woke up over a
week ago now and am glad to say my
strength is growing daily. I am grateful for the interest in me and for the
many messages of goodwill.
“I have many people to thank for my
recovery and would especially like to
mention the people of Salisbury that
came to my aid when my father and I
were incapacitated. Further than that,
I would like to thank the staff at Salisbury district hospital for their care and
“I am sure you appreciate that the
entire episode is somewhat disorientating, and I hope that you’ll respect
my privacy and that of my family during the period of my convalescence.”
The recording of a conversation said
to be between Yulia and Viktoria was
played on a talkshow on the state-run
TV station Russia-1. A voice said to be
that of Yulia said: “Everything’s OK,
everything can be solved, everything
can be healed.” When asked about her
father, she said: “Everything’s OK, he’s
resting now, he’s sleeping. Everyone’s
health is OK. No one has had any irreversible [harm].”
No fresh official details of Sergei’s
condition have been released.
Viktoria is likely to become a significant player in the saga in the coming
days. She is said to be applying for a
UK visa to visit the Skripals. If she does
travel to Britain it may result in a media
circus, and the Russians are likely to
use her in their propaganda campaign.
Yulia appeared to turn down a visit
from her cousin, citing the commotion
around the case. In the phone call, the
voice attributed to Viktoria said she
hoped to receive a visa today and fly
to the UK on Monday.
“Vika, nobody will give you a visa,”
came the reply. Viktoria responded:
“If they give it, I need you to tell me
whether I can visit you or not, tell me
that I can.”
The woman said to be Yulia
demurred. “I think no, there is such a
situation now, we’ll sort it out later,”
she said. She added: “Later, we will
get it all sorted later, everything’s fine,
we’ll see later.”
The Russian ambassador to the
UK, Alexander Yakovenko, was asked
yesterday if the phone conversation
was genuine at a press conference at
the embassy in London. He did not
directly reply, but said Britain must
give Russia immediate access to Yulia.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:7 Edition Date:180406 Edition:03 Zone:
Sent at 6/4/2018 0:27
Friday 6 April 2018 The Guardian
‘Everything can be solved’
Transcript of the call
Audio of a telephone call said to
be between Yulia Skripal and her
cousin Viktoria was played on
the state-run television channel
Russia-1 during a political talk
show about the Salisbury nerve
agent case.
UN debate
Russia fails
in bid for joint
Patrick Wintour
Yulia: Hello?
Viktoria: Hello.
Y: Do you hear me?
V: I hear you.
Y: This is Yulka …
V: Oh Yulka. I can tell by the voice
that it’s you, I didn’t understand.
So this means they gave you a
Y: Yes yes yes.
V: Well, thank God. Is everything
OK with you?
Y: OK, everything is OK.
V: Look, if I get my visa tomorrow,
on Monday I will fly to you.
Y: Nobody will give you a visa.
V: Well that’s what I think too. If
they give it to me, when asked if
I’m able to see you, I need you to
say yes.
Y: Well, I think no, the situation
right now is …
V: Look I know everything and …
Y: Later. Let’s talk later. In short,
everything is OK.
V: Is this your telephone?
Y: It’s just temporary, you know.
V: Got it. Is everything OK? You can
see it on TV, just you know what
the situation is like here …
Y: Everything’s OK.
V: Everything’s OK.
Y: Everything’s OK. Everything
can be solved, everything can be
healed, everyone’s alive.
V: Is everything OK with your dad?
Y: Everything’s OK. He’s resting
now, he’s sleeping. Everyone’s
health is OK. No one has had any
irreversible [harm], I’m being
discharged soon. Everything is OK.
V: Bye, take care.
Y: Take care.
“We want to know what happened
here,” he said. “This is not a game. For
us it is not a joke, believe me. These
citizens are poisoned and we want to
know the truth.”
Yakovenko said he was “really
happy” at Yulia’s recovery, adding that
she could be the key to understanding
who was behind the attack. He said he
expected her to return eventually to
Russia and that he also hoped Sergei
would recover, adding: “Russia has no
problem with him, he spent several
years in prison and that is that.”
Yakovenko said he hoped Viktoria
would be granted a visa to visit Yulia
on humanitarian grounds, adding that
he personally wanted to meet Viktoria,
find her accommodation and provide
translation services.
“The British have so far not been
responsive about the visa,” he said.
“The timing of the visit is up to her,
and how long she stays is up to her.”
He insisted a visit by Viktoria was
not a substitute for consular access to
Sergei and Yulia.
Viktoria appeared on several talkshows on Wednesday, including one
with Andrei Lugovoi and Dmitry
Kovtun, both accused in the 2006 poisoning of the former spy Alexander
Litvinenko in London.
Diplomatic editor
Russia failed at the United Nations
security council to prise apart the
British diplomatic alliance that has
accused Moscow of being responsible for the poison attack last month on
Sergei and Yulia Skripal in Salisbury.
A Russian call at the UN to require
Britain to cooperate with Moscow by
staging a joint investigation into the
poisoning was rejected by the UK’s
key allies on the 15-strong UN security council, including France, the US,
Poland, the Netherlands and Sweden.
The Russian president, Vladimir
Putin, is attempting to discredit the UK
case by sowing doubt among Britain’s
allies and suggesting ulterior motives
for the British claims.
Neither the US nor France toned
down their attacks over Russia’s seeming breach of the chemical weapons
convention. “Trivialisation of the
use of chemical weapons would open
the door to chemical terrorism,” said
François Delattre, the French ambassador to the UN.
But Vassily Nebenzia, the Russian
ambassador, said the UK was trying
to delegitimise Russia. “We have told
our British colleagues, ‘You’re playing with fire and you’ll be sorry,’” he
said. He added that said a “horrific,
unsubstantiated” letter by Theresa
May to the UN asserting that Russia
was “very likely” to have been behind
Minister – we
were right to
block Corbyn
Pippa Crerar
Steven Morris
Andrew Roth Moscow
The government has defended its decision not to share the full intelligence
on the Salisbury attack with Jeremy
Corbyn, insisting the “circle” of those
with access to highly sensitive information should be restricted.
Ben Wallace, the security minister,
said the number of people entrusted
with the most sensitive details of the
case should be kept small so intelligence agents’ lives were not put at risk.
The Labour party leader has
received an intelligence briefing on
privy council terms, but was not given
the same access to highly classified
information as David Cameron provided to Ed Miliband over Syria in 2013.
“This is serious stuff and the circle
of who gets to see very sensitive information is very small, because if you
leak it or it gets out, people’s lives are
put at risk,” Wallace said. “The best
the nerve agent attack had now been
flatly contradicted by the head of
Porton Down, the UK defence research
laboratory. Porton Down’s chief executive, Gary Aitkenhead, this week said
its tests could not definitively identify the chemical as being of Russian
origin. The British intelligence claims
amounted to slander, Nebenzia said.
Karen Pierce, the UK ambassador to the UN, dismissed the Russian
accusations, saying the evidence still
showed that Russia was overwhelmingly likely to have been behind the
Salisbury attack, and pointed out that
a similar Russian attempt to isolate the
UK failed at a meeting of the executive
of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)
on Wednesday.
Alexander Yakovenko, the Russian
ambassador to the UK, told a press conference in London that there was no
guarantee that Russia would accept
the OPCW report.
He called for greater transparency,
including the disclosure of laboratories conducting the tests and full
publication of the final report.
▲ Vassily Nebenzia accused the UK
of trying to ‘delegitimise Russia’
example is Mr Skripal; that’s what
happens to people if other countries
decide to take actions or they have
Wallace said it was “beyond reasonable doubt” that the Russian state was
behind the attempted murder of Sergei
and Yulia Skripal, despite chemical
weapons experts saying they were
unable to confirm where the novichok
nerve agent was made.
Labour reacted angrily to the
implication that Corbyn might leak
intelligence, accusing Wallace of
“playing party politics” over the level
of briefing granted to distract from
a row over comments by the foreign
secretary, Boris Johnson. A party
spokesman said: “This is completely
irresponsible and another attempt by
the Tories to deflect criticism from
Boris Johnson’s blatant attempt to
mislead the public. The foreign secretary has still failed to account for
himself and still has serious questions
to answer.
“Ben Wallace should be acting in
the national interest, not playing party
politics with the country’s security.”
However, the minister defended
the decision to restrict the intelligence
Corbyn was given access to.
“He is the leader of the opposition;
he is not the government. He doesn’t
have the duty or the responsibility
of protecting at the moment – and I
hope he never does – the security of
this country,” he told BBC radio.
Patrick Wintour
The Russians seem to
be using Viktoria as
a battering ram to try
to gain access to Yulia
he Russian TV broadcast of a conversation
between Yulia Skripal and her cousin
Viktoria, quickly followed by the first UK
government-sanctioned statement from
Yulia on her improving health, injects a
highly unpredictable personal element into
the staged trench warfare between two nation states.
Russia and the UK, operating to tight scripts, are
fighting to retain their global reputations, and yet both
may find themselves highly dependent on the members
of the Skripal family, their relationships, what they
know and what they are prepared to say about what they
know. With so much at stake, neither woman can be
regarded as free agents, but may instead be being used
as pawns in a political battle. But that could change.
Yulia, daughter of Sergei Skripal, the Russian double
agent, is still in Salisbury hospital under UK government
supervision. She woke from a lengthy coma to find her
father seriously ill, and both of them at the centre of a
geopolitical storm. Disorientated – her own description
of her state of mind – must be the least of it as she comes
to realise the enormity of the events around her.
Yesterday’s statement seeking
was released in her name
‘The transcript shows
but was clearly drafted by the UK
Viktoria expressing
government. The British aim, apart
from securing her recovery, is to find
surprise at Yulia’s call.
out all she knows about possible
In spite of that surprise,
motives for the poisoning attack and
to keep her away from the Russians,
she recorded the call,
and possibly even her cousin.
or someone else did’
By contrast, Moscow-based
Viktoria, who has so far been freely
available to both western and
Russian media, has insisted on
her neutrality. But, increasingly, she appears to have
accepted the Russian government line. She said her
cousin could not have been attacked by a nerve agent,
suggesting instead the pair had suffered fish poisoning.
The Russians seem to be using Viktoria as a battering
ram with which to try to gain access to Yulia, and to
present Russia as the victim of a faceless UK state. The
Russian ambassador to the UK, at his marathon press
conference, repeatedly complained he was not being
granted consular access to Yulia or Sergei, pointing
out that both were Russian citizens, the victims of
“a tragic accident”, and their welfare is a legitimate
legal concern of the Russian state. He also highlighted
Viktoria’s humanitarian right to see her cousin, saying
he was willing to meet her if she was allowed to come
to London. He said his goal was to offer her “everything
she needed”, including help with transport costs,
accommodation needs and translation services. The
British embassy, he stressed, should help by granting
her a visa to visit the UK as early as Monday.
In a possible sign that, at the very least, the Russian
state is monitoring Viktoria closely, a brief phone call
between the two women on 4 April was recorded. She
then appeared on two Russian TV channels at which
the recordings were played. Their existence is all the
more remarkable since the transcript shows Viktoria
expressing surprise at Yulia’s call. In spite of that
surprise, she recorded the call, or someone else did.
However, the conversation does not follow entirely
the pattern of what the Russian government would have
liked Yulia to say – when Viktoria asked Yulia if she can
come and see her she appears to reply “no”. The UK has
not confirmed the call took place but, at the very least,
British ministers are now extremely wary of where the
family story may go next.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:8 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 5/4/2018 19:22
The Guardian Friday 6 April 2018
Staff call for
head of Open
University to
resign over
Nicola Slawson
Staff at the Open University have
passed a vote of no confidence in its
vice-chancellor, Peter Horrocks.
Members of the institution’s branch
of the University and College Union
(UCU) said Horrocks’s position was
untenable after he claimed that the
OU had allowed academics “to get
away with not teaching for decades”.
Horrocks, who later apologised for
the comments, had already angered
staff over his plans to cut staff and
courses, which were first revealed in
the Guardian last month. The plans,
which aim to save £100m from an
annual budget of £420m, include a
more than one-third reduction in the
number of courses, qualifications and
modules, as well as getting rid of many
lecturers. A voluntary redundancy
programme is to begin on 9 April.
Lecturers say the proposals are so
significant that they will “destroy the
OU as we know it” and reduce it to “a
digital content provider”.
At an emergency meeting yesterday,
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UCU members passed a motion which
said: “This general meeting has no
confidence in our current vice-chancellor, or in his plans and intentions
for the future of our university …
We believe the best way of avoiding
damage to the public image of the OU
is for the VC to step down as soon as
possible. We therefore call upon the
vice-chancellor to resign.”
Lydia Richards, regional official for
the UCU, said it was time for “a change
at the top”. She said: “The Open University is a magnificent institution
and it needs someone at the helm
Children’s teeth rotting
because of sugary food
and drink, say experts
Sarah Boseley
Health editor
A child has a rotten tooth pulled out
in hospital every 10 minutes, Public Health England has said, making
a plea to parents at the launch of the
government’s sugar tax to switch their
children’s drinks to milk and water.
Sugar-sweetened soft drinks are
the main source of the sugar that
children consume. While the levy on
high-sugar drinks is a response to the
obesity crisis – 20% of children in the
last year of primary school in England
are now obese – there is also huge concern about children’s teeth.
Every day, 141 children have teeth
extracted in hospital and some are
as young as one. It is the most common reason for children aged five to
nine to be admitted to hospital, causing 60,000 missed days of school each
year. Children with decayed teeth suffer pain and problems with eating and
sleeping, says PHE. The cost to the NHS
is £3.4bn a year.
The sugar levy on the manufacturers of soft drinks will raise the price of
a litre of high-sugar drink (8g of sugar
per 100ml) by 24p. Drinks with 5g per
100ml will go up by 18p a litre – if the
manufacturers pass the tax to shoppers. Some companies have replaced
sugar with artificial sweeteners and
have avoided the tax. Others, such as
Coca-Cola, have chosen to stick with
the recipe for their original brand,
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who understands its unique position
and who will talk up its brilliant staff.”
An OU spokesman said the university was midway through an
“ambitious programme to transform
the way we teach and support our
“The plans have sparked a lively
internal debate as well as a degree of
concern,” he said. “We can confirm
that these concerns will be discussed
more thoroughly at a special meeting
of the university council and later at
the OU’s academic governing body,
the senate.”
The number of children, some as
young as one, admitted to hospital
every day to have teeth pulled
The number of school days missed
each year due to admissions to
hospital for tooth extractions
which will rise in price, while pointing
out they offer a zero-sugar version too.
But PHE is urging parents to change
their children’s eating and drinking
habits. “It’s upsetting to see so many
children admitted to hospital with
tooth decay, but swapping out sugary
drinks could be an easy win for busy
families,” said Dr Sandra White, PHE’s
director of dental health.
“Parents can also help prevent
decay by making sure their children’s
teeth are brushed twice a day with
fluoride toothpaste and reducing
how much sugar they’re eating and
The budget for public health sits
with local authorities. Izzi Seccombe,
chair of the Local Government Association’s community wellbeing
board, said: “These shocking figures strengthen the need for urgent
investment in oral health education
so that parents and children understand the impact of sugar on teeth and
the importance of good oral hygiene.
“Untreated dental care remains one
of the most prevalent and preventable
diseases affecting children and young
people’s ability to speak, eat, play and
PHE suggests families should look
at the advice on the Change4Life website on swapping to low-fat milky
drinks, water and low-sugar drinks.
Fruit juice and smoothies should
be limited to 150ml a day. They may
appear healthy but contain large
amounts of natural sugars.
The introduction of the sugar tax has
been applauded by health campaigners. Caroline Cerny, of the Obesity
Health Alliance, said: “We’re all eating more sugar than is recommended
and sugary soft drinks contribute to
this – particularly in teens ,where sugary drinks are their top source of sugar.
They provide empty calories and contribute not only to rising levels of
obesity but also to poor dental health.”
Prof Helen Stokes-Lampard, chair
of the Royal College of General Practioners, said: “We are particularly
concerned about the increasing rates
of obesity in children and young
people. This is setting them up for a
life plagued with serious health conditions.” She added that the college
was working to help GPs have the
“incredibly sensitive conversations”
with patients about tackling their
children’s weight.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:9 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 5/4/2018 17:03
Friday 6 April 2018 The Guardian
Orchid ‘mating’ ruse at
risk as climate change
wakes real female bees
Patrick Barkham
It is one of the most cunning and elaborate reproductive deceits: the early
spider orchid wafts a floral fragrance
into the air that mimics the irresistible
scent of a virgin female solitary mining bee, tricking gullible male bees into
attempting intercourse with several
flowers, thereby ensuring the plant’s
But the sexual success in Britain of
this rare and declining orchid – Ophrys
sphegodes – is imperilled by climate
change, researchers have found.
The orchid’s ruse only works if
the female mining bee, Andrena
nigroaenea, has not emerged from
hibernation, because as soon as this
happens, the orchid cannot compete
with the alluring scent of the real thing
– and the plant is ignored by male bees.
While warmer springs cause the
early spider orchid to flower earlier in
May, climate warming is also causing
female bees to emerge from hibernation even earlier – confounding the
orchid’s attempts to dupe male bees.
Phenology is the study of how plant
and animal life cycles are influenced by
seasonal variations in climate. Similar
phenological mismatches have been
observed in other ecological relationships, such as great tit chicks no longer
hatching soon enough to coincide with
peak supplies of their crucial caterpillar food. They could potentially
imperil the reproductive success of
many species, including the pollination of plants and crops.
Researchers from the University of
Sussex, the University of East Anglia,
Kew and the University of Kent studied
356 years of central England temperature records, as well as specimens
of early spider orchids and Andrena
nigroaenea from herbariums and
museums in Victorian times and
were able to calculate when warm
spring conditions caused the female
bees to emerge earlier than the
orchid. Their study, published in the
The orchid entices male bees
– but not if warmer days wake
females (pictured below) early from
Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, found that the orchid’s trick was
always a delicate balancing act – even
between 1659 and 1710, the peak flying
date for the female bee preceded the
orchid’s peak flowering in 40% of the
years – but it has become even more
Mean spring temperature increased
from 7.68C to 8.64C over the 356-year
study period, and between 1961 and
2014 the female bee’s emergence preceded the orchid’s peak flowering in
80% of the years.
The researchers found the female
bee beat the orchid flower in 26 of
the 28 years to 2014. Although one
Number of years of records studied.
In that period the mean spring
temperature rose by almost 1C
pollinated early spider orchid can
produce 10,000 tiny seeds, failure to
flower before the female bee emerges
makes pollination almost impossible,
and each orchid is very short-lived.
Michael Hutchings, lead author and
emeritus professor of ecology at the
University of Sussex, first noticed the
changes in flowering times during 32
years of studying the rare orchids on
the South Downs. The orchid’s range
in Britain has drastically shrunk and
Hutchings says it could become extinct
in Britain, with climate change also
damaging populations of less specialist plants and animals.
“For years I’ve been speaking at conferences and writing papers saying if
we get the habitat management right
everything is going to be fine, but then
the climate warming actually stops the
plant producing the seeds,” he said.
“Ecologists have been saying for
a long time that if phenologies are
changed by changing climate this
might disrupt important interactions
in communities of species. This study
provides the strongest evidence we
have that something nasty is happening. There are probably lots of other
undocumented cases where similar detrimental effects on species are
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:10 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 5/4/2018 19:47
An investigation has begun into the
Royal National Institute of Blind People and a subsidiary after an allegation
of “sexually abusive practice” at a residential centre for children.
The Guardian Friday 6 April 2018
RNIB investigated over ‘abusive
practice’ at children’s home
Holly Watt
The charity’s chief executive, Sally
Harvey, resigned as the Charity Commission began an inquiry into the
Pears Centre for Specialist Learning,
near Coventry, following the incident
reported last month and several other
serious incidents last year. The recent
allegation was passed to the police,
who are taking no further action.
Eleanor Southwood, the chair of the
RNIB, said the charity had ordered an
urgent review and was deeply concerned about the allegations. “We
take this extremely seriously and we
have a plan that will support the children first and foremost,” she said. “I
am profoundly sorry that we have let
down a group of children whose families have entrusted them to our care.”
The Charity Commission said the
incidents raised concerns that the
subsidiary, the RNIB Charity, “may
have consistently failed to comply”
with regulations designed to protect
vulnerable children. Harvey Grenville,
its head of investigations, said: “The
first priority of the trustees of both
charities must now be to ensure that
the vulnerable young people cared for
at the centre are protected from harm.
The charities have already taken some
immediate steps in order to do so.”
The Pears Centre is a school and
children’s home for young people who
are blind or partially sighted and have
multiple disabilities or complex needs.
The site has five bungalows, each with
six bedrooms. The centre, originally
known as Rushton Hall school, was
reopened in 2012 and named after the
Pears Foundation, which funded its
The school was rated “outstanding”
by Ofsted in 2013, but its 2017 report
said “safeguarding is ineffective. The
proprietor and governors have not
ensured that systems are coordinated
and cohesive, accessible and robust.”
Ofsted rated the Pears Centre “inadequate” in its most recent report, and
has told the RNIB it will withdraw the
children’s home registration unless
there were major changes. The RNIB
reported a loss of £12.6m last year.
Peers report antisemitic
posts on pro-Corbyn
Facebook page to police
Jessica Elgot
Political correspondent
A group of peers, including Alan Sugar,
have written to the police to report
antisemitic abuse on Facebook pages
backing Jeremy Corbyn.
The letter, sent to the Metropolitan
police commissioner, Cressida Dick,
came from a group of cross-party peers
and was drafted by Stuart Polak, who
is honorary president of the Conservative Friends of Israel.
The letter says the messages on
some pro-Corbyn Facebook pages “go
well beyond what can reasonably be
considered as free speech”, adding:
“We believe those which incite violence should urgently be investigated
to establish whether they were made
with serious intent”.
An example given by the peers was
the Facebook group called Supporting Jeremy Corbyn & John McDonnell,
which allegedly carried a post saying:
“Adolph [sic], you should have finished the job.”
Another Facebook group they cite
is Jeremy Corbyn Leads Us To Victory,
which had pictures of journalists at
the New York Times and CNN with the
Star of David pasted on to those they
believed to be Jewish.
The peers who have signed the letter included the crossbencher Ruth
Deech, a former member of the Jewish Leadership Council, and Labour’s
Leslie Turnberg and Jeremy Beecham,
as well as the former Liberal Democrat
Alex Carlile. Ros Altmann, the former
Conservative pensions minister, has
also signed it.
Lord Sugar, who this week was criticised by the shadow chancellor, John
McDonnell, for tweeting a made-up
picture of Corbyn attending a Nazi
rally, went further on Twitter yesterday, tweeting a derogatory poem about
the Labour leader that called him a
“dangerous fool who is antisemitic”.
Sugar, a Jewish peer and a former
Labour donor until he left the party
in 2015, has been highly critical of Corbyn’s leadership, particularly over the
party’s handling of antisemitism.
“I am happy to put my name to this
letter. If I didn’t know better, I would
say Corbyn has deliberately aggravated the situation by associating
himself with known haters,” he told
the Daily Express.
The peers’ letter says such hate
speech “not only stirs up racial
hatred which threatens the very fabric of community cohesion throughout
London and the UK, but also poses a
possible physical threat to the Jewish
A police spokesman said: “The
Metropolitan police received correspondence addressed to the
commissioner’s office on 4 April and
it will be reviewed.”
Separately, it was revealed yesterday that a Labour council candidate
had resigned his position as a London Momentum officer, saying he felt
“unsafe and untrusted” as a Jewish
member of his local group.
Joshua Garfield, a candidate in
Newham, said antisemitism had escalated in recent weeks as the issue came
under media scrutiny. “I cannot work
alongside individuals who seek to
silence the legitimate concerns of Jewish Labour members, or who remain
silent in the face of blatant racism,”
he said. “Denying that antisemitism
exists within the Labour party, or in
its affiliated organisations, factions,
and supporters, is misguided, ignorant and offensive.
“While some may seek to weaponise the issue, something cannot
be weaponised if it doesn’t exist. Our
Jewish comrades need solidarity, not
faction-based infighting.”
Garfield said he remained a supporter of Corbyn and would run as a
councillor in the May elections.
On Wednesday, it was announced
that the two largest Jewish bodies had
agreed to meet Corbyn to discuss his
efforts to tackle antisemitism, which
Corbyn said would be held according
to an agenda proposed by the Board
of Deputies and the Jewish Leadership Council.
‘They go well beyond
free speech and we
believe those which
incite violence
should urgently
be investigated’
group of peers
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:11 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 5/4/2018 19:06
Friday 6 April 2018 The Guardian
A mass of
A glorious
tree in the
of Bishop’s
in Wells,
is tended by
James Cross,
a gardener.
1,500 firms break law as they
fail to report gender pay gap
Companies given 28 days’
grace to reveal figures but
will then face legal action
Alexandra Topping
Mark Sweney
About 1,500 large British companies
have broken the law by failing to report
their gender pay gap in time and could
face legal action, Britain’s equality
watchdog said.
Companies that failed to meet the
deadline have been given a further
28 days to report their figures. Those
that fail to do so will be “named and
shamed”, face court action and unlimited fines.
Under legislation introduced last
year, all British companies, voluntary
organisations and public sector bodies
with more than 250 employees had to
report the difference in average hourly
pay between men and women by midnight on Wednesday.
Companies also had to provide
the gap in bonus pay and reveal the
percentage of men and women in each
quartile of their business.
Analysis of the 10,014 employers
who submitted data in time revealed
that almost eight out of 10 pay men
more than women. There was no sector that paid women more than men on
average. The data showed that women
were being paid a median hourly rate
that, on average, was 9.7% less than
their male colleagues.
“Reporting gender pay gaps is not
optional; it is a legal requirement, as
well as being the right thing to do,”
Rebecca Hilsenrath, chief executive
of the Equality and Human Rights
Commission, said in a statement.
“We will soon be starting enforcement
against all employers that haven’t
The implications of the legislation,
which requires annual reporting of
the figures, are already reverberating
through the business community.
At ITN – which produces news for
ITV, Channel 4 and Channel 5 – the
chief executive, John Hardie, told staff
yesterday that no bonuses would be
paid out to senior managers even if
financial goals were met unless diversity targets were also hit. “We will be
introducing a new set of targets which
will run alongside the financial goals
and will be purely based on hitting
strict gender and diversity objectives,”
said Hardie, who was paid a £499,000
bonus in 2016.
“Let me be clear, if ITN does not
achieve these targets I will not receive a
penny in bonus. To embed these objectives across the company, all senior
management bonuses will also include
exacting gender and diversity targets
to help get us to where we need to be.”
ITN reported a median gender pay
gap of 18% and bonus gap of 50%
– and revealed that 17 of the top 20
earners were men – prompting the presenter Cathy Newman to criticise the
“pervasive inequality” and glass ceiling at the organisation.
ITN has pledged to reduce its gender pay gap by half within five years,
and that 50% of the top 20 earners will
be women within the same period.
Within three years, a third of the top
20 earners must be women, up from
the current 15%.
Join a union?
But they fall short too
Among the advice offered to women
over the past few days about how
to tackle the gender pay gap in
their workplaces has been the key
suggestion that they join a union.
However, as the deadline closed
for employers to report their gender
pay gaps, it was revealed that
several of the unions themselves
had gaps that are above the national
average of 18.4%.
Unite, the UK’s biggest trade
union, missed the deadline but filed
figures yesterday that revealed a
median gender pay gap of 29.6%,
which means ,when comparing
hourly rates, that for every £1 that a
man earns on average, a woman is
paid 70p.
NASUWT, the teachers’ union,
revealed a pay gap of 42.7%, while at
Usdaw, the shopworkers’ union, the
figure was 33.5%.
None of the larger unions
reported a pay gap in favour of
women, but the Trades Union
Congress – which appointed Frances
O’Grady as its first female leader
in 2012 – reported that it had no
gender pay gap.
A spokesman for Unite said:
“Unite is proud to be an equal pay
employer and a leading force for
equality in the workplace.”
There was a scramble to report in
the final hours before the midnight
deadline, with more than 1,100 companies reporting their figures in the
previous 24 hours. This was more than
the total number of companies that
had reported in the first 326 days of
the scheme.
The retailer Monsoon reported a
36.1% gap, pollsters YouGov had a
28.7% gap and Rockstar North Limited (producers of console game Grand
Theft Auto) filed a 31.8% gap.
Body Shop were also among the
stragglers, with figures revealing a
38.9% median gap in spite of employing more women in every quartile of
its business. Ryanair reported a 72%
median gap.
The public sector data, which used
mean rather than median figures,
revealed that female NHS staff in England earn nearly a quarter less than
their male colleagues.
The average full-time female worker
is paid £28,702 a year in basic salary,
compared with the £37,470 average
pay for men – a gap of 23%.
Analysis of HMRC data by Salisbury House Wealth has shown the
gap between the amount of pension
income received by men and women
is widening.
Women received 37% of the total
amount of income drawn from pensions last year, down from 39% in
2012-13. Last year, women received
£46.5bn in pension income while men
received £79.3bn.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:12 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 5/4/2018 21:02
The Guardian Friday 6 April 2018
Violent crime
Treat violence
as a public
health crisis,
say experts
Libby Brooks
Police chiefs and politicians in London need the political bravery to ditch
short-term solutions, ignore bickering interest groups and prioritise local
knowledge to reduce to the city’s escalating murder rate, according to the
founders of Scotland’s pioneering
Violence Reduction Unit.
John Carnochan and Karyn
McClusky set up the internationally
renowned VRU in 2005 to tackle Glasgow’s deeply rooted knife culture. In
February, the Metropolitan police
commissioner, Cressida Dick, made a
private visit to Glasgow to learn more
about the unit’s work. Significantly,
it treated violence as a public health
crisis, an approach credited with dramatically reducing deaths in Scotland.
Amid calls for urgent action as knife
crime in London reaches its highest
level in 10 years, Carnochan said:
“Everybody’s asking the mayor or the
home secretary what they’re going to
do, but they don’t have their hands
on the levers of the things that need
to change. It seems to me that people
are waiting for this big London-wide
plan. That’s not how it works: what
the strategy should be is get out the
way and support communities to do
it from the ground up.”
Carnochan, who has been advising
the London borough of Lambeth on its
efforts to tackle youth violence, said:
“Lambeth have a good group of community people and Met officers, and
that’s what the rest of London needs
to think about.”
McClusky, who has worked in
London and empathises with the
“overwhelmingly complex” problem
said: “Let’s think about this borough
the way we thought about Glasgow,
start to establish relationships with
key people in education, social services, child and adolescent mental
health teams, and particularly community groups and then start to share
information, to divert, to intervene”.
It’s an approach that will take “real
political bravery”, she said.
The style of policing is critical in
London, McClusky said. “You need to
put your best cops into the community and keep them there. People who
are genuinely motivated, understand
that they’ve got a latitude and discretion to engage and get to know people,
because they’re also gathering intelligence at the same time. If you just have
loads of cops in cars rushing from call
to call, that’s not the same. You have
to police by consent.”
The VRU targeted known gang
members, and asked other members of
their community, including bereaved
mothers, to explain the ripple effects
of violence. It offered young men a way
out through education and mentoring
by someone with similar experience of
street violence.
▲ Police officers
at the scene of
the stabbing
in Tottenham,
north London
Ogunsola, victim
of the stabbing,
said to have been
a student at the
University of
He died despite
the efforts of
police officers
and paramedics
to save him
Police carry
out a search
in Hackney
near where an
Ogunsola was
‘We can’t find something
to control or mitigate it’
Continued from page 1
They come against a backdrop of sustained cuts in policing numbers, down
by 16% in England and Wales by September last year against a 2009 peak
– a drop of more than 22,000.
Figures released in November
showed a 20% annual rise in gun, knife
and serious violent crime across England and Wales – even as the crime
survey estimated an overall drop in
crime of 9%. The Home Office claims
that “traditional crime” nationwide
has dropped by almost 40% since 2010.
The murder rate suggests the total
for the year could reach levels last seen
in 2005, when there were 181.
The latest killings prompted Dick to
make her first comments of the week
on the subject, saying: “We will put
even more effort into bearing down on
violent crime. We will have a greater
presence in the hotspots of violence
and a focused effort, including intelligence-led stop-and-search and the use
of specialists in covert tactics.”
Critics fear her initiative is a shortterm tactic. Met chiefs accept so-called
“suppression activity” is not enough
to tackle knife and gun crime, with,
this week alone, two teenagers gunned
down in Tottenham and Walthamstow,
and others stabbed to death.
Next week the home secretary,
Amber Rudd, is expected to announce
a government anti-violence strategy
looking at earlier interventions to
deter young boys from offending.
Olisa, who retired at the rank of
chief superintendent, headed up
policing in the north London area after
the 2011 riots. He told the Guardian
that austerity and longstanding tensions around social inequality were
again playing a part, as was the rise of
aggressive taunting on social media.
“There are frustrations building up
because people feel lack of control of
their destiny,” he said. “There are no
youth clubs, young people feel they
had no access to the wealth they see
others have, there is a bigger divide
between the have and the have nots,
the frustrations are building up. It
could lead to a public display of anger.”
He argued that the 2011 police shooting
of Mark Duggan – which led to riots –
had “brought up residual anger”.
He said when in 2013 he became
head of policing in Haringey, containing Tottenham, there were six officers
to each council ward. Now there are
two. “We can’t find something to control or mitigate it. You’ll never totally
stop it. The level of violence seems
ridiculously high. My worry is that it
is a trend that will end up far worse
than where we are at the moment.”
In Hackney, witnesses and mourners were stunned by the latest violence
in the area. Ogunsola, a student who
had recently returned home to live
with his parents and was described
as a “really nice person”, died about
half an hour after being stabbed and
despite the efforts of a police officers,
paramedics and a trauma doctor from
London’s air ambulance.
“The policewoman’s arms were literally covered in blood, you could see
she had been trying to fight for this
man’s life,” said one witness to the
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:13 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Friday 6 April 2018 The Guardian
Sent at 5/4/2018 21:02
▼ Tanesha Melbourne-Blake, the
17-year-old who was shot dead in
Tottenham on Monday night
Murder rates
How does
compare with
other cities?
Haroon Siddique
Murder rate in London
Source: Metropolitan police. The Met is investigating
55 suspected murders since the start of 2018
Murder investigations
Year ending March 2017
A spate of recent suspected murders in
London has prompted concerns about
rising levels of knife and gun crime in
the capital. There have been attempts
to place the figures into context, but
how accurate are they?
The Met said yesterday it had
recorded 55 suspected murders since
the start of 2018 – including two children whose bodies were found in
Sussex – with just over a quarter of
the year gone.
That is just over half the number in
the whole of last year, which was 116,
excluding the deaths in the Westminster, London Bridge and Finsbury Park
terrorist attacks. The spike has been
significant. If there is no let-up, by the
end of the year the number of killings
could reach levels last seen in 2005,
when there were 181.
One of the more eyecatching comparisons has been with New York,
‘There is a bigger
divide between the
haves and the havenots. Frustrations
are building up’
Victor Olisa
Former chief superintendent
aftermath, who declined to give her
name. “People were just coming all
night, just crying and breaking down
in tears.”
David Lammy, the Labour MP for
Tottenham, accused ministers of
abdicating responsibility and police
of failing to tackle organised crime.
He told the BBC: “What we’re seeing
today is the worst I’ve ever seen it.
There are parents, friends, families,
schools traumatised and grieving.
And there is absolutely no sign at the
moment of reduction in the violence.”
While he said there was no single
cause for the crisis, he added that turf
wars over drugs were a major factor.
“It’s like Deliveroo, they’re as prolific
as ordering a pizza,” he said. “You can
get them on Snapchat, WhatsApp.
That in the end is driving the turf war
and it’s driving the culture of violence
that’s now becoming endemic.”
Two 17-year-old boys have been
arrested on suspicion of murder.
Ogunsola had been charged with
ABH, dangerous driving and being in
possession of cannabis after an incident in Stevenage in November that
left a police officer with a head injury.
A friend of the teenager said he
had been a student at the University of Hertfordshire but had recently
returned home to live with his parents.
“He was a nice person,” said the
sobbing 19-year-old, who gave her
name as Petronel. She had last seen
him the previous day, when she
learned he was back in London. “I
hugged him, thinking that I might just
see him again tomorrow.”
Journal Simon Jenkins
and Leroy Logan Page 4 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018
Metropolitan police
Greater Manchester
West Midlands
West Yorkshire
Source: ONS
London and New York compared
• London • New York
Source: Metropolitan police, New York Police
Department. New York figure correct as of
25 March 2018
presumably because it is etched
onto the public consciousness as a
place associated with high levels of
violence. That reputation may be
somewhat unwarranted these days –
the number of murders in the US city
has plummeted since the early 1990s,
when it was about 2,000 a year – but
there is an interesting comparison to
make, as the two cities have a similar
population size and similarly mixed
The Sunday Times was the first to
report that the murder rate in London
had overtaken New York’s for the first
time in modern history, with 15 murders in the UK capital in February and
22 in March, compared with 14 and 21
respectively in the US city.
While those figures are indisputable, as recently as January there were
eight killings investigated by the Metropolitan police compared with 18
by the New York Police Department
Their tallies for the year to date are
currently running almost neck-andneck, with the latest NYPD figures
showing 54 murders, although at least
two more appear to have since been
reported by the media, which would
put New York ahead by one. Last year
the number of murders in New York
was 292 – 150% higher than in London.
So it is premature to say that London has a higher murder rate than New
York other than in the short term. And
despite the negative publicity, London
does not even have the highest murder
rate in England and Wales when population is taken into account.
Office for National Statistics figures
for homicides (also including manslaughter and infanticide) by police
constabulary show the Met only had
the ninth highest homicide rate (12.2
per million population) in 2016-17 (or
eighth if the 96 Hillsborough deaths
added to South Yorkshire’s tally are
excluded). Excluding South Yorkshire,
Greater Manchester had the highest
homicide rate (19.1) with Lincolnshire
second with 17.5.
As the biggest city by far, London
would be expected to consistently
have the highest gross number of
homicides (which it has had – excluding Hillsborough) but murder rates
are higher elsewhere – and not just in
other large cities.
A surgeon’s view
‘We’ve got an obligation to do something’
Duncan Bew, clinical director for
trauma and emergency surgery at
King’s College hospital and a trustee
at the charity Growing Against
Violence, describes what hospitals
are dealing with
We are increasingly seeing people
with multiple injuries, particularly
around areas of their bodies that are
difficult to treat. Some of the kids
are going out wearing stab vests, so
people will stab them around those
Every shift we’ll see about eight
to 10 patients, of which half of those
will have been stabbed; and every
week we’re seeing two or three,
maybe four, shootings. Sometimes
we’ll have nine or 10 patients on
a shift who have all been stabbed,
with several who need to go to
theatre; it’s become commonplace.
It doesn’t have to be a Friday
night or a Saturday night: this
happens all the way through the
week, day and night. We’re doing
everything from basic wound care
to continuing the resuscitation
that was started at the roadside, to
taking people to theatre to explore
abdominal wounds or control
bleeding from limbs. And, of course,
if you only look at the numbers who
come in by ambulance you don’t
▲ Duncan Bew says treating victims
of stabbings is now commonplace
see the full picture, because about
30-40% of our firearms injuries selfpresent – they walk in.
Quite often people will be
stabbed and not end up with a
life-threatening injury, but it could
be life-changing and will need
intervention. Although there’s a
huge focus on the number of people
who have died, there’s not so much
on the number who have survived.
And of course there are all those
people who do not go to hospital.
I think we’ve got an ethical
and moral obligation to be doing
something about this. Public health
solutions have been implemented
by the Cure Violence movement
in America, and they have worked
in the Violence Reduction Unit in
Scotland, for instance. It doesn’t
create an instant result though; it
needs to be sustained.
Interview by Damien Gayle
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:14 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:S
Sent at 5/4/2018 18:48
Jersey royal
delayed by
‘beast from
the east’
The Guardian Friday 6 April 2018
Press Association
The jersey royal season is at least three
weeks late after the cold snap at the
end of February, known as the “beast
from the east”, delayed the planting
of the spring crop.
The potato’s short season, usually from April to mid-July, has been
affected by hard frosts and almost
double the 30-year average of rainfall
in December and January, which growers say left the ground saturated.
Jersey normally exports about
30,000 tonnes of the potatoes to the
UK each season, but producers say the
figure could be up to 20% lower this
year, with full volumes expected to be
on supermarket shelves by mid-May.
Tim Ward, operations director at
the grower Albert Bartlett, said: “The
hard frosts we received from the
beast from the east affected most of
the early crops. Although quality and
taste will remain unaffected, we are at
least three weeks behind our expected
start date and are still in need of spring
to arrive to avoid further delays.
“This is the nature of seasonal produce, with no two seasons ever the
same,” Ward added.
“We normally face some challenges
planting, predominantly during the
winter months. However, a number
of our fifth-generation farmers have
not experienced such a trying period
in their family businesses for many
The Jersey Royal Company’s director of sales and marketing, William
Church, said: “We are behind with
planting, with only two-thirds of the
export crop planted to date.
“In any other year we would expect
to be closer to 75% planted and have
made a good start with planting the
seed crop by now.”
Church said that the crop delay
and loss was unprecedented in his
“In 2013, there was a heavy snowfall
in early March that caused disruption
and some crop loss. This year, virtually
all of the early areas were affected by
the frost and, while plants will recover
and produce excellent potatoes, the
crops will undoubtedly produce a
reduced yield.”
Twitter bans 270,000
accounts said to have
promoted terrorism
Press Association
Twitter removed more than 270,000
accounts around the world for
“promoting terrorism” on the social
network in the second half of 2017,
according to the company’s latest
transparency report.
The number of accounts permanently suspended for sharing what the
firm called extremist content between
July and December represents a drop
for the second period in a row.
The social network puts this result
down to “years of hard work making
our site an undesirable place for those
seeking to promote terrorism”.
Nick Pickles, Twitter UK’s head of
public policy, said: “The overwhelming
majority of these accounts were
detected by our own technology,
with just 0.2% of the accounts we suspended in 2017 being flagged by the
Almost 75% of accounts were suspended before they sent their first
tweet, according to the report, and
93% were discovered by tools Twitter
engineers had built themselves.
Twitter is understood to also use
a combination of US and EU lists
of terrorist organisations as well as
research from academics and experts
to identify terrorists on their network.
The number of reports about
abusive behaviour submitted by
government representatives also
dropped, amid a marked change in
the type of abusive behaviour that
was reported.
Two-thirds of the 10,000 reports
violated rules around impersonation,
with only 16% reported for harassment
and 12% for hateful conduct.
Harassment and hateful conduct
each accounted for a third of reported
accounts in the first half of 2017.
Only a quarter of reports of abusive
behaviour submitted by government
representatives were acted upon by
Twitter, compared with 98% of reports
related to the promotion of terrorism.
Twitter’s biannual transparency report details requests from
governments around the world,
but not individual users from each
The UK government made 760
requests for information and five court
orders across the period.
The US made 1,761 requests
for information, the most of any
government, and Turkey made the
most legal demands, with 466 court
orders and 3,828 requests of a different legal nature.
Over the past six months the social
network has removed the accounts of
several high-profile rightwing activists
in the UK and US, including Tommy
Robinson, a former leader of the English Defence League.
The move prompted accusations
of censorship from the activists’
Twitter does not comment on individual cases of suspended accounts
but pointed towards its rules about
online abuse and hate speech when
asked about the suspension of Robinson’s account.
Pickles said the company was
working with other big technology
companies in the Global Internet
Forum to Counter Terrorism (GIFCT)
to “drive change across the web”,
having permanently suspended more
than 1.2m accounts for breaking rules
around promoting terrorism since
August 2015.
“Since GIFCT was established last
summer, we’ve worked with more
than 70 companies to help them
tackle terrorist use of the internet, in
addition to rolling out new technology and funding research.
“We’re encouraged by the positive
results and will continue to look for
new and innovative ways to expand
our progress.”
▲ Almost 75% of the accounts were
suspended before their first tweet
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:15 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 5/4/2018 16:09
Friday 6 April 2018 The Guardian
▼ Bill Weston as an astronaut in
zero gravity in Stanley Kubrick’s
1968 film 2001: A Space Odyssey
Authors and
critics give
women top
places in best
novelist poll
Alison Flood
Kubrick ‘risked stuntman’s
life’ during filming of 2001
Director refused to stop
cameras as Bill Weston lost
consciousness, book claims
Dalya Alberge
Stanley Kubrick is revered for pushing cinematic boundaries with his cult
sci-fi classic 2001: A Space Odyssey.
But, for art’s sake and an obsessive
pursuit of realism, the director was
prepared to endanger a stuntman’s
life, a new book claims.
Bill Weston simulated weightlessness and zero gravity as an astronaut
in the film’s extraordinary spacewalk
sequences, but Kubrick refused to
allow a second safety cable, despite
the dangers of performing more than
10 metres above a concrete floor. Some
of the most demanding scenes were
shot without a safety net.
Kubrick also refused to let air holes
be punched into the back of the stuntman’s astronaut helmet, in case light
was visible through the visor, and to
stop filming even when he was warned
Weston was in danger, the book claims.
Weston realised he was losing consciousness, with oxygen deprivation
and carbon dioxide taking their toll.
He mustered enough strength to
extend his arms into a crucifix pose –
an arranged signal for an emergency.
In the book, Weston says he will
never forget hearing someone urging
Kubrick “we’ve got to get him back”.
Or, as he was passing out, hearing
Kubrick ignore that warning, exclaiming: “Damn it, we just started. Leave
him up there! Leave him up there!”
The extraordinary episode is
revealed in the forthcoming book
Space Odyssey: Stanley Kubrick,
Arthur C Clarke, and the Making of a
Masterpiece. It will be published by
Simon & Schuster on 19 April for the
50th anniversary of the film’s release.
Its author, Michael Benson, spoke
to Weston and the visual effects
supervisor Doug Trumbull, who
photographed the daredevil stunts.
Kubrick’s masterpieces include
Paths of Glory, one of the most powerful anti-war movies. It starred Kirk
Douglas, who also played the hero in
Kubrick’s Roman classic Spartacus.
Kubrick was a supreme visual stylist
with a perfectionist’s attention to
detail. 2001 was so realistic that the
Soviet cosmonaut Alexey Leonov, who
became the world’s first spacewalker
in 1965, said after seeing the film:
“Now I feel I’ve been in space twice.”
Benson says that, decades before
digital effects, the 2001 stunts “constitute an extraordinary, largely unsung
moment in film history”.
Kubrick was afraid of flying. Yet
the most complex shots of his film
included Weston playing the dead
astronaut Frank Poole, spinning
lifelessly. His stunts involved being
suspended horizontally from wires
connected to a drill motor against a
▲ Top, Bill Weston recovering from
oxygen deprivation during the filming
of 2001. Above, Stanley Kubrick
black abyss of outer space recreated
by vast curtains of black velvet.
But Kubrick did not make things
easy. He insisted Weston wore a wig
that made his hermetically sealed
spacesuit even more overheated.
More seriously, a small tank in
Weston’s backpack contained only
10 minutes’ worth of compressed air.
In his book, Benson writes: “Given
the complexity of the shots, and the
amount of time it took simply to
remove the platform used to prepare
the stuntman’s wires and suspend
him, 10 minutes wasn’t enough.
“There was another problem. Even
when the tank was feeding air into the
suit, there was no place for the carbon dioxide Weston exhaled to go. So
it simply built up inside, incrementally causing a heightened heart rate,
rapid breathing, fatigue, clumsiness
and, eventually, unconsciousness.”
Having recovered from the oxygen
deprivation, Weston was so outraged
he decided to confront Kubrick, only
to find he had fled the scene. The director did not return for two or three days,
Weston recalls. “Because I was going
to do him.”
Tempers were soothed after the
stuntman was given a swish dressing
room with a fridge full of beer and an
increase in his fee. Weston, who went
on to perform in James Bond films,
says: “One of the great things about
Stanley was he had an incredible, tremendous artistic integrity. I think
morally he was a little bit weaker.”
The film-maker Martin Scorsese has
endorsed the book. “So much has been
written about 2001 and its creation
that I thought we knew all that there
was to know,” he wrote. “And then I
received a copy of [this] … exciting and
exhaustively researched book, which
further expands our understanding of
what is truly one of the greatest films
ever made.”
Ali Smith has topped a poll of about
200 critics, academics and authors to
find the best British and Irish novelists writing today.
Four of the top five places in the
Times Literary Supplement’s ranking
of the “New Elizabethans” went to
women, with Smith followed by Hilary
Mantel, Zadie Smith, Kazuo Ishiguro
and Eimear McBride.
Stig Abell, the TLS editor, said the
project set out to avoid the “tendency
to fall back on a group of authors who
came to prominence a few decades
ago”, with writers such as Ian McEwan,
Julian Barnes, Salman Rushdie and
Martin Amis all failing to make the list.
The poll was carried out “in a spirit of
Alex Clark, the literary critic, writing
in the TLS, praised Smith’s most recent
work: a projected quartet of state-ofthe-nation novels that began with the
Man Booker-shortlisted Autumn. “It’s
not simply that Smith has chosen to
write against the clock, it’s that she
is simultaneously mapping her abiding concerns – surveillance, power, art
and illusion – on to both natural and
human-made cycles of change and
renewal,” Clark wrote.
Those polled were asked to nominate 10 writers whose recent books
were “among their most impressive”, and whose future work is “the
most eagerly anticipated”. The rest
of the top 10 are Colm Tóibín, Nicola
Barker, Alan Hollinghurst and Anne
Enright, with Sebastian Barry and Jon
McGregor tying for 10th place.
Clark said the top 10 was “more
than tinged with familiarity”, adding
“despite the lack of shocks, it would
also – and perhaps this is the point –
be hard to argue for the exclusion of
any particular writer, nor for there
being any lack of stylistic diversity on
David Szalay was 11th, followed
by Kevin Barry, Deborah Levy, Tom
McCarthy, Sally Rooney, Kamila Shamsie, Rachel Cusk, Gwendoline Riley,
Sarah Waters and Claire-Louise Bennett. Rooney and Bennett have only
one book apiece: Bennett’s short story
collection Pond and Rooney’s novel
Conversations With Friends.
Many respondents, who ranged
from editors and agents to academics
and writers, said they would choose
a different 10 if asked on another day,
wrote Clark, with some bemoaning
their inability to suggest writers
“beyond the usual suspects”.
Clark said the novel faced “challenges”, from “the collapse of literary
fiction’s ability to generate significant
revenue” highlighted by a recent Arts
Council England report, to author Will
Self’s warning in the Observer that it
is “doomed to become a marginal cultural form, along with easel painting
and the classical symphony”.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:16 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 5/4/2018 19:21
In brief
arrived in two waves and caused
widespread disruption.
England was the most sodden
place, recording an average rainfall
of 102.2mm, the highest since 1981.
Rainfall figures for Wales, Scotland
and Northern Ireland were 151.4mm,
98.7mm and 85.8mm respectively
– all down compared with the
previous year.
The wettest areas in terms
of higher than average rainfall
was the historic Scottish
county of Kincardineshire,
near Aberdeenshire, which had
Rainfall in March was
heaviest since 2008
Last month was the wettest March
in the UK for a decade, according to
official figures.
The Met Office data showed
average rainfall was 104.4mm, the
highest for March since 2008 when
it reached 122.5mm.
The latest figures include the
heavy snowstorms, dubbed the
“beast from the east”, which
The Guardian Friday 6 April 2018
more than double the amount
of rain and snow expected, at
162.7mm (236%). Worcestershire
(223%), Gloucestershire (219%),
East Lothianshire (214%) and
Herefordshire (205%) completed the
top five wettest areas in the country,
the Met Office said.
In terms of average rainfall,
the five wettest counties were
Glamorgan with 205mm, Devon
with 190mm, the historic county
of Brecknockshire with 182.5mm,
Monmouthshire with 173.1mm and
Cornwall with 172.9mm. PA
Joan Collins ‘excited’ about horror role
The actor, 84, confirmed on Instagram that
she has been offered a part in the TV series
American Horror Story. The eighth season of
the anthology series, created by Ryan Murphy
and Brad Falchuck, is expected to air later this
year. Its regular stars Sarah Paulson, Kathy
Bates and Evan Peters will be returning.
Midwifery applications
down 35% in five years
There has been a 35% drop in the
number of applicants to midwifery
courses since 2013, figures show.
The Royal College of Midwives,
which analysed the latest Ucas
data for England, said the biggest
reduction was in those aged over 21.
In 2013, more than 12,000 people
aged over 21 applied for a midwifery
course in England; by 2017 that
figure had dropped to 6,700.
The RCM said the abolition of the
midwife bursary last August was to
blame, although numbers have been
falling steadily since 2013.
Gabrielle Bourke, a policy adviser,
said she was not surprised by the
figures and that NHS England was
3,500 midwives short of what it
needed to deliver safe care. She
added: “Currently a large proportion
of the midwifery student base
hold other degrees or educational
qualifications relevant to healthcare
– these are the type of people the
NHS so badly needs and we should
be doing everything we can to
attract and retain the brightest and
best students to midwifery.”
Bourke added that the RCM
welcomed the recent announcement
by Jeremy Hunt, the health
secretary, that more than 3,000
extra midwives would be trained
over the next four years. PA
Loo seat story is crap,
says Prince Charles
Prince Charles has dismissed claims
he takes his own toilet seat with him
whenever he goes abroad as “crap”.
The prince was asked about the
story in Tom Bower’s biography,
Rebel Prince, in an interview for
Brisbane’s Hit105 station as he
carried out an engagement in
the city during a seven-day tour
of Australia with the Duchess of
Cornwall, pictured left. He replied:
“My own what?” and added: “Oh,
don’t believe all that crap”. PA
British boy dies after
cardiac arrest on beach
A nine-year-old British boy has
died after colliding with another
child during a game of football on a
Spanish beach.
He is believed to have suffered
a cardiac arrest while playing in
La Zenia, on the Costa Brava, on
Tuesday. Local media reported that
it took 25 minutes for an ambulance
to arrive, and 40 minutes for a
better-equipped ambulance, with a
defibrillator on board, to reach him.
The boy, who has not been named,
was believed to be living in the area.
A statement released by Orihuela
town hall said a lifeguard service
had been in operation over Easter
but was not in service on Tuesday.
It said police attempted to revive
the boy before he was taken to
Quirón hospital in Torrevieja.
He was transferred by air
ambulance to Alicante general
hospital where he died about 24
hours after the incident. PA
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:17 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
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Friday 6 April 2018 The Guardian
Humans keep making neurons
for learning throughout life
Nicola Davis
Humans continue to produce new neurons in a part of their brain involved
in learning, memory and emotion
throughout adulthood, scientists
have revealed, countering previous
theories that production stopped after
adolescence. The findings could help
in developing treatments for neurological conditions such as dementia.
Many neurons are produced in the
hippocampus in babies, but it has been
a matter of debate whether this continues into adulthood – and if so, whether
this rate drops with age as seen in mice
and non-human primates.
“The exciting part is that the neurons are there throughout a lifetime,”
said Dr Maura Boldrini from Columbia University in New York and first
author of the new study, published in
the journal Cell Stem Cell. “It seems
that indeed humans are different
from mice – where [neuron production] goes down with age really fast
– and this could mean that we need
these neurons for our complex learning abilities and cognitive behavioural
responses to emotions,” she said.
Boldrini and colleagues looked
at the hippocampus in 28 men and
women aged between 14 and 79, collected shortly after death. Unlike in
many previous studies all the individuals were healthy before death.
Using a number of techniques, the
team examined the degree of new
blood vessel formation and the volume and number of cells of different
stages of maturity, in the dentate gyrus
– the region of the hippocampus where
new neurons are produced.
“According to mice studies there
are these pluripotent stem cells that
are a pool of cells that don’t normally
do anything; they are quiescent, and
then they can undergo division,” said
Boldrini, adding that some studies
have suggested that we might be born
with a finite pool of these “mother
cells”. “Those daughter cells are the
ones that exponentially divide and
make many more cells and differentiate towards becoming a neuron.”
The team found levels of these
“mother cells” dropped with age in
the front and middle region of the dentate gyrus.
However, levels of the cells they
give rise to did not drop, with the team
finding thousands of new, immature
neurons in the dentate gyrus at the
time of death regardless of age.
“We can still make enough neurons
even with fewer left of these ‘mothers’,” said Boldrini.
However, there was a drop in the
front of the dentate gyrus in the number of cells producing substances
linked to neuroplasticity – the ability for the brain to change or “rewire”.
“Even though we make these new
neurons, they might be less plastic, or
maybe making fewer connections or
migrating less,” said Boldrini.
She said it was now important to
look at what happens in the brains of
those with Alzheimer’s and emotional
problems, since if there are differences
in the formation of new cells in the
hippocampus it could offer scientists
new targets for treatment.
▲ Ellen Higginbottom was killed in a
sexually motivated attack last year
Staff shortage
delayed police
search for
teenager later
found killed
Josh Halliday
North of England correspondent
Ex-doctor with gun stockpile
and hitlist jailed for 12 years
Press Association
A former doctor has been sentenced to
12 years in prison for stockpiling guns
with the intent to endanger life.
Martin Watt, 62, was found with
three submachine guns, two pistols
and 1,500 live cartridges at a property
in Cumbernauld, Scotland, last year.
He lost his job at Monklands hospital, North Lanarkshire, in 2012 after
disciplinary hearings. His marriage
had broken down around the same
time, the high court in Glasgow heard.
Watt had compiled a list of names
and addresses of colleagues involved
in the disciplinary process, which the
judge, Valerie Stacey, said Watt had
referred to as an assassination list. The
former hospital consultant also carried
out shooting practice.
Watt maintained the list was only
a way to make himself feel better, but
Stacey said the jury had rejected that
when it found him guilty last month.
John Scott QC, defending, asked the
judge to take into account Watt’s age
and his NHS service of almost 30 years.
He added: “Dr Watt is an unusual person to find himself in the dock.”
▲ Guns and ammunition was found
to have been stockpiled by Martin
Passing sentence, Stacey said: “I
entirely accept you have served the
community in the past. It is sad to
see a man who has held the positions
you have in this situation. Nothing has been said that explains why
you acquired a stock of weapons and
“You are a well educated and intelligent man and must appreciate the
law in this country around firearms is
strict. These are lethal weapons. The
jury found you had them with intent
to endanger life. I take the view that
you represent a danger to members
of the public.”
Watt was sentenced to 12 years in jail
and a further three years of supervision. A serious crime prevention order
was also granted restricting his internet use, travel and NHS visits for five
years after his release.
The search for a college student later
found murdered was delayed for four
hours because there were “simply no
officers available”, the police watchdog has found.
Ellen Higginbottom was reported
missing at 7pm on 16 June 2017 and
graded as a priority response, meaning officers should attend within an
hour. However, a shortage of officers meant they were delayed 13 times
and only dispatched at 11.30pm, when
the 18-year-old’s father telephoned
Greater Manchester police (GMP) for
an update.
The teenager’s body was found in
the early hours of the next day at a
beauty spot in Wigan. She had been
“savagely murdered” in a sexually
motivated attack. A criminal investigation found that she had died before
she was reported missing.
Mark Buckley, 52, was jailed in September for a minimum of 31 years for
the “chilling” attack on the A-level student, who was fatally assaulted while
walking alone through Orrell Water
Park after revising at college.
The Independent Office for Police
Conduct (IOPC), which investigated
the force’s response to the murder,
concluded that a lack of resources
contributed to the delay in searching for the student. Amanda Rowe,
the IOPC director for the north-west
of England, said: “There were significant delays in dispatching officers, and
clear evidence that there were simply
no officers available.”
The IOPC investigation found that
the missing person report was flagged
as a priority on the police national computer 15 minutes after it was reported.
But investigators said all available
officers were already dealing with
other priority incidents, which meant
dispatching officers to look for Higginbottom was delayed 13 times.
The watchdog criticised three
police call handlers for failing to follow “escalation policy” because they
escalated the incident only once. Their
performance was “unsatisfactory and
fell below the expected standard”.
However, the IOPC said there was
insufficient evidence to prove misconduct against the three call handlers.
It said GMP had decided to remind
call handlers of the force’s escalation
policy rather than take formal action.
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The Guardian Friday 6 April 2018
Smear campaign
Former Trump aide approved ‘black
ops’ to discredit Ukrainian opposition
Continued from page 1
defeated Yulia Tymoshenko in
presidential elections. The following summer Ukrainian prosecutors
arrested Tymoshenko and put her on
trial. The Obama administration and
the EU accused Yanukovych of locking
her up for political reasons.
In 2011 Manafort approved a
clandestine strategy to discredit
Tymoshenko abroad. Alan Friedman,
an ex-Wall Street Journal and Financial
Times reporter based in Italy, masterminded this project. Friedman has
been accused of concealing his work
as a paid lobbyist. Also involved were
Rick Gates, Manafort’s then deputy,
and Konstantin Kilimnik, a Manafort
associate who the FBI believes has
links to Russian military intelligence.
The fixers,
‘PR guys’
and spies
behind the
black ops
Paul Manafort ▶
Lobbyist and Trump
campaign manager.
Began work in 2005
for Ukraine’s Party of
Regions, led by Viktor
Yanukovych. Helped
Yanukovych win the
2010 presidential vote
and approved a secret
media operation to
discredit rival Yulia
Robert Mueller,
the special counsel
investigating alleged
collusion between Russia and Trump’s team,
has indicted Manafort
on multiple counts. He
denies wrongdoing.
In July 2011 Friedman sent Manafort a confidential six-page document,
entitled Ukraine – A Digital Roadmap.
It laid out a plan to “deconstruct”
Tymoshenko, online and via videos,
articles and social media. Yanukovych
deferred to Manafort, who gave the
project the go-ahead, sources in
Ukraine’s former government say.
Friedman’s proposals included producing anonymous videos attacking
Tymoshenko and comparing her to a
drunk Boris Yeltsin. “The social media
space offers great opportunities for
guilt by association,” he wrote.
He continued: “We know that video
exists of Tymoshenko uttering some
of her outrageous claims in court
... The video can be floated into the
social space to reinforce the impression that she is at best reckless and
unstatesmanlike and at worst malicious, defamatory and antisemitic.”
Twitters users could retweet hostile
content. The “roadmap” included a
website, blogposts, and “blast emails”,
sent to a “targeted audience in Europe
and the US”. One section was called
“Black Ops”. It said: “This could
include Wikipedia page modification
to highlight [Tymoshenko] corruption
and trial and modify the tone of the
language being used.”
Friedman worked with Eckart
Sager, a one-time CNN producer.
Emails show they liaised closely with
“Paul”, who briefed Yanukovych’s
chief of staff, Serhiy Lyovochkin.
Lyovochkin declined to comment.
He appears in correspondence as “SL”.
“He was under the radar,” one
source said of Friedman. “Alan kept
▲ Robert Mueller has indicted Paul
Manafort on multiple counts
a low profile. Without Paul’s authorisation, Alan would never have got a
contract with the [Kiev] government.”
Friedman’s company, FBC Media,
was on a “rolling contract”, with about
€150,000 paid into an offshore account
in the Seychelles every three months,
sources in Kiev suggest. Often payments were late, prompting him to
complain, they add.
Contacted by the Guardian,
Friedman said these earnings were
“declared”. He confirmed his company
worked for Ukraine from late summer
2011 on “a public relations and country
profiling project”. He said: “It was not
a secret or covert plan. We had PR people proposing interviews and features
to newspapers very openly.”
Its goal, he said, was to promote
the Ukraine government’s then policy of moving closer to a partnership
agreement with the EU. “Our aim was
to keep a steady communication going
in favour of dialogue between Brussels and Kiev. That was our message.
“We never supported a pro-Moscow
stance and had already ended our relationship when the Ukrainian president
abandoned closer ties with Europe.”
Asked if he had registered with the
US Department of Justice, Friedman
Rick Gates ▶
Manafort’s righthand
man. Worked for Yanukovych and served in
2016 as Trump’s deputy campaign manager
and deputy chair of his
inaugural committee.
Took part in the antiTymoshenko operation
and boasted of success in the US media. In
February, he admitted
lying to the FBI and
agreed to cooperate with
Mueller’s investigation.
He and Manafort are
accused of laundering
cash from their Ukraine
activities and hiding it in
offshore accounts.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:19 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Friday 6 April 2018 The Guardian
Sent at 5/4/2018 20:47
The so-called
files were aimed
at discrediting
the Ukrainian
leader Yulia
said he never worked as a lobbyist
for Ukraine. He added: “I never registered as a foreign agent because I
never was one. I was a communications guy, doing PR media strategy
work in Europe for a client, like dozens of London PR companies that work
for a variety of governments.”
The documents show Friedman
reported directly to Kiev. In spring 2012
he told the foreign minister, Kostyantyn Gryshchenko, he had “generated
dozens of positive op-eds/interviews/
articles for print and TV” and “disseminated positive news stories” to nearly
2,000 publications.
Key to the strategy was a fake
thinktank, the “Center for the Study
of Former Soviet Socialist Republics (CXSSR)”, set up with Manafort’s
backing. Friedman used it to publish
dozens of positive stories about Yanukovych, many written by a “Matthew
Lina”. Lina’s comment pieces criticising Tymoshenko and Obama’s state
department ran on the conservative
US website RedState. Friedman told
Manafort his editorial team ghostwrote an article by Yanukovych
published by the Wall Street Journal.
He claimed credit for a Tymoshenko
profile written by the Journal’s
Viktor Yanukovych ▶
Ukraine’s former
president and prime
minister. After winning his country’s 2010
election, he imprisoned his defeated rival,
Yulia Tymoshenko.
Her case prompted
criticism from the
Obama administration
and the EU. Yanukovych’s government
then funded various
anti-Tymoshenko strategies, including a VIP
lobbying operation with
hired ex-EU politicians.
Fled to Russia in 2014
following anti-government protests.
◀ Alan Friedman
Journalist, writer and
lobbyist. Masterminded
a social media-led project
designed to undermine
Tymoshenko in key western countries, including
the US, UK, France and
Germany. Manafort
approved the project. It
included conventional
outreach to newspapers
and “black operations”.
Friedman says his role
was that of “PR guy”.
Matthew Kaminski. Kaminski said
Friedman was never a source, “or even
someone that as far as I can remember
I had any contact whatsoever with”.
In April 2012 Friedman sent another
“highly confidential” two-page document to Manafort. It set out plans for
a website called “The Tymoshenko
Files” purporting to belong to Inna
Bohoslovska, a Ukrainian MP and critic
of Tymoshenko. In fact, Friedman
would “discreetly prepare, implement and maintain” the site. It would
include “ghost-penned” blogs and “a
quasi-novella serialisation”. Asked
about the website, Friedman said he
had never written “any content”.
Emails seen by the Guardian show a
regular pattern of interaction between
Manafort, Friedman, Gates, Kilimnik,
and Ukrainian officials. Gates, who
went on to work with Manafort on the
2016 Trump campaign, wrote several
messages. In February Gates admitted conspiracy and lying to the FBI,
and agreed to cooperate with Mueller.
At the time Kilimnik was the Russian manager of Manafort’s Kiev office.
Kilimnik is understood to be “Person
A” in Mueller’s latest indictment, filed
last week. It says the FBI believes he
has ties to Moscow’s GRU spy agency,
and adds that Gates was aware of this
fact. Kilimnik denies a connection.
Friedman confirmed he met Manafort and Gates but said he did so
“because the client asked me to”.
Manafort’s media work included
attacking Clinton. In October 2012
Gates emailed Manafort and Friedman, flagging a Breitbart piece by
Ben Shapiro that criticised Clinton for
publicly backing Tymoshenko, who
had made an electoral pact with a farright party. It cited a Jewish “leader”
accusing Clinton anonymously of creating a “neo-Nazi Frankenstein”. Gates
wrote: “Gentlemen – Here is the first
part of a series of articles that will be
coming as we continue to build this
effort. Alan, you get full credit for the
Frankenstein comment.”
The alleged use of offshore accounts
is likely to interest the FBI. Manafort
is accused of concealing $75m (£54m)
earned from his work in Ukraine.
Yanukovych’s effort to woo western
leaders ended in October 2013, when
he took a bailout from Moscow. He
fled to Russia after anti-government
protests. Manafort worked for Yanukovych’s party until he joined Trump’s
campaign. He denies wrongdoing and
says he will fight Mueller’s charges.
Konstantin Kilimnik
Russian head of Manafort’s office in Kiev.
According to Mueller’s
latest indictment, the FBI
assesses that Kilimnik
is connected to Russian
military intelligence.
Served as Manafort’s
translator and worked
with him closely.
◀ Serhiy Lyovochkin
Yanukovych’s chief of
staff. Manafort reported
on sensitive operations
to Lyovochkin, who in
turn briefed Yanukovych
and handled payments,
sources in Kiev say. He
declined to comment.
◀ Yulia Tymoshenko
Ukraine’s first female
prime minister co-led
the pro-western 2004
Orange Revolution. After
two stints as PM, she lost
the 2010 presidential
election to Yanukovych.
Tymoshenko was
arrested and detained in
2011 on what the international community called
politically motivated
charges. Released in 2014.
Luke Harding
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Friday 6 April 2018 The Guardian
Ali Nedaei’s
Battle Mythos,
an acrylic on
▼ Mohsen
Untitled, acrylic
on canvas, and
one of Fereydoon
Omidi’s union
jack series.
Below left,
Ojan Shirozhan’s
Untitled, oil on
New sensation
Exhibition opens a
window on different
Iranian perspective
Saeed Kamali Dehghan
giant canvas
depicting the union
jack overpowers the
entrance to Cama
Gallery in central
London. As you get
closer to Fereydoon Omidi’s artwork,
the Persian letters inscribed on the
painting under the layers of red,
white and blue become more visible.
Here, at the first gallery in London
dedicated to Iranian art, Omidi’s
multilayered calligraphy was, he
said, “a plea for peace and cultural
Owing to visa issues, neither
Omidi nor 18 other Iranian artists
represented by the gallery in its
inaugural show were at last night’s
opening. A stringent visa regime
in Britain means real cultural
exchanges rarely take place, in spite
of an improvement in bilateral ties
between London and Tehran.
But the artworks have reached
Britain. Reflecting huge western
interest in the Iranian contemporary
art market, most items in the
show, called Sensation, had been
purchased before the gallery opened
its doors.
Iranian art is financially
outperforming art from other Middle
Eastern countries at global auctions,
and it accounted for half the revenue
generated at Sotheby’s Middle East
auction last year.
Parviz Tanavoli, famous for his
bronze statuettes depicting the
word heech, (“nothing” in Persian),
is the region’s most expensive
artist at auction, having achieved
million-dollar sales at Christie’s and
Sotheby’s. Art by Bita Vakili – an
Iranian whose works are featured in
Sensation, which was initially priced
at $20,000 (£14,000) sold for more
than double at Christie’s.
Cama’s Sensation exhibition
is a rare window on to the works
of emerging artists living in Iran,
whose image on the global stage
has been dominated by political
developments such as the 2015
nuclear accord, which Donald
Trump, the US president, has vowed
to annul, and regional bickering with
Saudi Arabia.
Riley Frost, 25, the gallery’s
co-founder, is a Londoner who
studied anthropology of art. He
became interested in Iranian art after
dating a woman from the country.
Frost said that art could serve as a
means of separating ordinary people
from the notion of “a nation state”.
“The problem that I have is
that often as soon as you hear
‘Iran’, it’s associated with nuclear,
international sanctions and some
sort of repressive theocracy. That
for me is not what Iran is, it’s not a
representation of the people of Iran.
And artwork comes from the bottom
up, it doesn’t come from up to
down. That’s the difference between
international politics and the role
that art can play.”
Cama aims to be an Iranian gallery
in the west, Frost said, rather than
‘If the western eye
looks at our art,
rather than our
politics, it will get
a more humane
view of my country’
a gallery in the west selling Iranian
art. “The aim is to provide the most
legitimate platform possible for
Iranian art, and what I mean by
legitimate is that we don’t just look
at artwork which is conducive to
western way of looking at things.”
Many of the works are by women.
Mona Khosheghbal, the show’s
curator, who is also unable to attend,
said in a phone call from Tehran that
she called the exhibition Sensation
because the concept allowed her to
choose a selection that would best
showcase the variety of art done by
the country’s emerging artists.
“I’d say that the younger artists
are embracing a bigger variety of art
and styles and genres compared to
the generation before them. You’ll
see works in all genres, from abstract
to figurative,” Khosheghbal said.
Vakili said visual art is the best
manifestation of real life in Iran.
“There’s a dynamic society and if the
western eye looks at our art, rather
than our politics, it will get a more
humane view of my country.”
Frost said that while Europeans
have “so much option for free
expression”, Iranian artists “have to
operate within a certain box – they’re
forced to create something special.
The expression says pressure creates
diamond. I think that’s archetypal
with Iranian art.”
Sensation is at Cama, Westminster,
London, until 25 June
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:22 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 5/4/2018 17:02
The Guardian Friday 6 April 2018
▼ Mia Ayliffe-Chung, 20, was killed
by Smail Ayad, who had paranoid
schizophrenia PHOTOGRAPH: AAP
Mentally ill man will
not be tried for killing
British backpackers
Australian Associated Press
A man who fatally stabbed two British backpackers at a north Queensland
hostel will not go on trial for the killings, a court has ruled.
Justice Jean Dalton discontinued
criminal proceedings against Smail
Ayad, from France, after finding he had
paranoid schizophrenia at the time of
the attack and was under a delusion
that people wanted to kill him.
At a hearing at a Brisbane mental
health court yesterday, the court was
told Ayad, then 29, had dragged a British backpacker, Mia Ayliffe-Chung,
from her bed at the Home Hill hostel and stabbed her multiple times in
August 2016. The hostel manager tried
to stop Ayad after the fatal attack but
was himself stabbed in the leg.
Ayad then jumped headfirst from
the first-floor balcony, sustaining neck
and back fractures in the fall, before
getting up and stabbing the hostel
owner’s dog. “This was an extraordinary action and, I think, in the context
of all this offending, points to how
frightened he was and how ill he was,”
Dalton said.
Ayad then returned to the room
where he had killed Ayliffe-Chung
and repeatedly stabbed another British backpacker, Tom Jackson, as he
tried to help the 20-year-old woman.
Jackson later died in hospital.
The attacker, who had smoked up
to four joints of cannabis a day for
years before the attack, was under
▲ Tom Jackson was fatally stabbed as
he tried to save Mia Ayliffe-Chung
the delusion that 50 farmers and hostel staff wanted to kill him and would
burn his body in a pizza oven.
“He thought that a cleaner at the
hostel had told him he would be killed
when he went to check out and he
thought the owner of the hostel was
making excuses as to why he couldn’t
leave,” Dalton said. “He interpreted
her as telling him that he had to die.”
Jackson’s father, Les, told the court
he thought of his son at the beginning
and end of each day. “For me, sleepless
and disturbed nights with visions of
my defenceless son being attacked by
a knife-wielding professional martial
arts fighter or lying in a coma in a hospital bed are not uncommon,” he said.
Four psychiatrists have assessed
Ayad, who was initially charged with
two counts of murder, attempted
murder, serious animal cruelty and
12 counts of serious assault. Criminal proceedings against him were
dropped after the hearing but he will
be detained in a mental health facility
and probably repatriated to France.
Last year the killings were included
in a list of 78 global attacks that the
White House said were “executed or
inspired by” Islamic State. AyliffeChung’s mother, Rosie Ayliffe,
responded with an open letter to
President Donald Trump rejecting the
decision to include the hostel attack.
“My daughter’s death will not be used
to further this insane persecution of
innocent people,” Ayliffe wrote.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:23 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 5/4/2018 20:13
Friday 6 April 2018 The Guardian
Swimmers ‘passed
woman on like
chattel’, court hears
Steven Morris
A woman has told a jury that she was
raped by an international swimmer
moments after she had consensual
sex with another top swimmer. Otto
Putland, 24, who represented Wales
at the 2014 Commonwealth Games, is
accused of raping the woman following a night out in Cardiff.
The woman, now in her early 20s,
said the swimmer walked into the bedroom after she had consensual sex
with his friend, the Olympic swimmer Ieuan Lloyd, and raped her.
The prosecuting barrister told
Cardiff crown court the woman was
passed on “as if she were chattel”. Putland denies the offence.
In a recorded interview played to
the jury yesterday, the woman said she
met Lloyd, whom she had known for
about a year, in a club and that they
spent most of the evening together
before going back to his home. “We
left his friend [Putland] in the club
with another girl. Once we got back
to Ieuan’s house, we had sex,” she said.
Afterwards, she said, Lloyd left the
bedroom and Putland came in. “When
he started taking off his clothes, that’s
when I texted my friend, saying, ‘Help,
something might happen,’” she said.
“He lay on top of me and I was saying,
‘You can’t pass me around’ and he said,
‘We’re not passing you around.’ I told
him I didn’t want to have sex with him
and he continued trying to kiss me.”
She claimed Putland put a condom
on. She was crying and kept turning
her head away. “He just put it in but
he said, ‘Don’t worry, it’s just the tip.’
“I used my arms to keep him at a
distance. Ieuan walked in to grab
something off the side of the table and
he just walked straight back out again.”
The woman said she told Putland
she needed to go to the bathroom and
he stopped. In the bathroom she rang
her friends, and the next thing she
remembered was being back in the
bed with Putland on top of her again.
The court heard that the woman’s
friends arrived at the address and left
with her in a taxi.
Janet McDonald, for the prosecution, said the woman saw a forensic
doctor two days after the alleged attack
in July 2015 but did not report the matter to police until November 2016,
because she had not wanted her
mother to find out what had happened.
McDonald said: “It was clear to
her in the circumstances she could
not turn to Ieuan Lloyd for help. He
passed her on to his friend as if she
were chattel.”
Cross-examining the woman, Christopher Rees, for the defence, said she
told the doctor in 2015 that she had
drunk half a litre of spirits. “There were
gaps in your memory when you gave
the account to the police 18 months
later,” Rees said. The woman replied:
“I can remember most of the night.”
Rees asked why she had not left
when Putland entered the room.
She said: “I froze. I wasn’t thinking
straight. I wasn’t sure exactly what
was going to happen at that time.”
Putland, of Herefordshire, denies
rape. The trial continues.
For the study, researchers distributed food frequency questionnaires to
participants. The women noted their
vegetable intake in a range from “never
eating vegetables” to “three or more
times per day”. Types of vegetables
included cruciferous, allium (onions,
garlic, leeks and shallots), yellow/
orange/red, leafy green, and legumes.
Sonograms were used to measure carotid artery wall thickness and
severity of plaque buildup in the
carotid artery. Researchers observed
a 0.05mm lower carotid artery wall
thickness between high and low
intakes of total vegetables.
“That is likely significant, because a
0.1mm decrease in carotid wall thickness is associated with a 10% to 18%
decrease in risk of stroke and heart
attack,” said Blekkenhorst.
In addition, each increase of 10
grams per day in cruciferous vegetable intake was associated with 0.8%
lower carotid artery wall thickness, on
average. Other vegetable types did not
show the same association.
“After adjusting for lifestyle, cardiovascular disease risk factors (including
medication use) as well as other vegetable types and dietary factors, our
results continued to show a protective association between cruciferous
vegetables and carotid artery wall
thickness,” Blekkenhorst said.
However, this was only an observational study and a causal relationship
could not be established, she noted.
▲ Otto Putland, who represented
Wales at the 2014 Commonwealth
Games, denies the charge of rape
Full of the
joys of spring
Cookie the
enjoys a leap
across the
sands under
blue skies at
beach in
Broccoli, sprouts
and cauliflower
‘boost health in
older women’
Associated Press
Research has shown eating broccoli,
cauliflower, cabbage and brussels
sprouts to be particularly beneficial
for the hearts of elderly women.
A University of Western Australia
study of more than 950 women aged
70 and older found those who ate more
vegetables had thinner artery walls.
A thickening of the artery walls,
known as atherosclerosis, is an underlying cause of cardiovascular disease.
Published in the Journal of the
American Heart Association, the study
showed cruciferous vegetables such as
broccoli proved the most beneficial.
“This is one of only a few studies that have explored the potential
impact of different types of vegetables
on measures of subclinical atherosclerosis, the underlying cause of
cardiovascular disease,” said Lauren
Blekkenhorst, the study’s lead author
and a PhD candidate at the University
of Western Australia.
Prince’s Trust
survey rings
alarm bells on
young people’s
Nicola Slawson
Young people’s happiness across every
single area of their lives has never been
lower, research by the Prince’s Trust
has found.
The charity said the result of its
annual Youth Index, which gauges
young people’s happiness and confidence across a range of areas from
working life to mental and physical
health, raised concerns.
Nick Stace, chief executive of the
youth charity, which was set up by the
Prince of Wales, says the results show
that the government and employers
need to invest more in developing
young people’s skills and promoting
positive mental wellbeing.
He said: “It should ring alarm bells
for us all that young people are feeling
more despondent about their emotional health than ever before.
“This is a generation rapidly losing
faith in their ability to achieve their
goals in life, who are increasingly wary
of and disillusioned with the jobs market and at risk of leaving a wealth of
untapped potential in their wake.”
The national survey shows young
people’s wellbeing has fallen over
the past 12 months and is at its lowest
level since the study was first commissioned, in 2009.
The research, based on a survey
of 2,194 respondents aged 16 to 25,
revealed three out of five young people
regularly felt stressed amid concerns
over jobs and money, while one in
four felt hopeless, and half had experienced a mental health problem.
Almost half of the young people said
they did not feel they could cope well
with setbacks in life but, in spite of
this, more than one quarter said they
would not ask for help if they were
feeling overwhelmed.
The index shows that young people
are particularly disillusioned with the
jobs market and are concerned about
money and future prospects.
The report highlights significant differences between the views held by
young men and young women, particularly when it comes to how they feel
about their future prospects.
Young women are more likely to
think a lack of self-confidence holds
them back: 57% of young women
worry about “not being good enough
in general”, compared with 41% of
young men.
Stace said: “It is vital that government, charities and employers across
the UK invest more in developing
young people’s skills and in providing opportunities for them to progress
in fulfilling, sustainable careers.”
The number of young people aged
from 16 to 25 who took part
in the Prince’s Trust research
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:24 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 5/4/2018 17:23
The Guardian Friday 6 April 2018
▼ Hoping the border will stay open:
Main Street in Gibraltar PHOTOGRAPH:
La Línea de la
Strait of
10 km
10 miles
‘We didn’t ask for this, but …’
Gibraltar faces up to Brexit
The Rock voted 96% remain
but its delicate position now
demands pragmatism
Sam Jones
ot content with a
list of daily specials
– options on an
overcast early spring
morning include
fried cheese-andchorizo balls or scotch egg and
chips – the cafe down the road from
the headquarters of the Gibraltar
government also dispenses advice.
“Keep calm and eat British fish
and chips,” reads one sign by the
door. “Keep calm and drink tinto de
verano,” counsels another.
Comfort food and wine spritzers
were very much in order when the
sun rose over the Rock on 24 June
2016. The joy and relief that greeted
the news that 96% of Gibraltar’s
voters had cast their ballots in favour
of sticking with the EU soon curdled
as referendum night wore on.
“It was apparent as the results
came out that things weren’t
going to go in the same direction
everywhere else,” the deputy chief
minister, Joseph Garcia, recalls with
a degree of understatement.
Almost two years later, shock has
given way to a resigned pragmatism.
“We find ourselves in a position
we don’t want to be in: we did not
vote for this, we didn’t ask for this,
but it’s there,” says Garcia. “We are
leaving too and for us it’s now about
negotiating the best possible deal for
Gibraltar as we exit.”
The territory was not slow out
of the traps: by September 2016 it
had delivered an economic impact
assessment to the Department
for Exiting the EU, and it recently
reached a deal with the British
government to guarantee access
to the UK market for its financial
services and online gambling
sectors. Given that 20% of UK motor
insurance is estimated to be sold by
Gibraltarian companies and 60% of
all online bets are taken by firms on
the Rock, the agreement has eased
some of the key Brexit anxieties.
“We knew that was coming but
obviously now that it’s crystallised,
it’s very reassuring and enables
us to tell our clients that this has
happened and reassure them that
it’s business as usual,” says Christian
Hernandez, the president of the
Gibraltar chamber of commerce.
Rather less certain is what will
happen with the border, which has
long been almost as emblematic of
Gibraltar as its population of Barbary
macaques. It was closed on Franco’s
orders in 1969 and did not fully
reopen until 1985, as Spain prepared
to join the European Economic
Hours after the referendum result
came in, Spain’s then acting foreign
minister, José Manuel García-
Margallo, suggested Madrid would
take a hard line on exit negotiations
by claiming the vote had advanced
the prospect of a Spanish flag
fluttering over the disputed territory.
That contention was emphatically
dismissed by Gibraltar’s chief
minister. “Gibraltar will never pay
a sovereignty price for access to
a market,” said Fabian Picardo.
“Gibraltar will never be Spanish in
whole, in part, or at all.”
Margallo has gone, replaced by
the more emollient career diplomat
Alfonso Dastis, who has ruled out
closing the border. On Wednesday,
Dastis said Spain hoped to sign off
on a bilateral agreement with Britain
over Gibraltar before October so
as not to hinder a Brexit transition
deal. “We do not want to convert the
conversation between the European
Union and Britain into a hostagetype situation,” he told Reuters.
But still the worries linger.
“Our fear is that once we lose the
will never
pay a
price for
access to
a market’
chief minister
protection provided by EU law at
the border – we have a right to free
movement as EU citizens – Spain
might take advantage of the border
and be very difficult,” says Garcia.
“We don’t know what degree of
frontier fluidity there will be. We
want a frictionless border or one
that’s as frictionless as possible.”
The Gibraltar government insists
that maintaining something like the
status quo would be best for people
on both sides of the border. As Garcia
points out, about 13,000 people –
8,000 of them Spaniards – cross into
Gibraltar to work each day. What’s
more, all the territory’s construction
materials come from Spain, and
Gibraltar is the second-largest
employer in neighbouring Andalucía
after the regional government.
But should the current good
faith sour and Spain use its veto to
exclude Gibraltar from any Brexit
deal between the EU and the UK,
the government has not ruled out
rescinding the rights enjoyed by
Spanish and other EU nationals
living and working in the territory.
A difficult border and a crackdown
on frontier workers would prove
disastrous for the Spanish town of
La Línea de la Concepción, which
grew up on trade from Gibraltar. Its
unemployment rates are some of the
worst in Europe, with 70% of young
people in some districts out of work.
“La Línea is a table with only
three legs,” says Juan José Uceda
of the Association of Spanish
Workers in Gibraltar. “Two of them
are Gibraltar’s economy, with its
business and jobs. If they break off,
the table will fall.”
The worry in La Línea now is that
the town could again be devastated,
as it was when Franco closed the
border. “It would send us back to
1969, and that’s what everyone’s
scared of,” he says. “There’s no other
work here for anyone, young or old.”
Others are more phlegmatic about
the coming months and years.
“If you closed the border, there
would be a riot,” says Alex Park,
the owner of the Victoria Tavern on
Main Street. “Obviously one man
could bring Gibraltar to a standstill if
they wanted to check every car. But
it’s been in OK in recent months.”
Park acknowledges the
uncertainty – “what will be will be” –
and questions Madrid’s commitment
to Andalucía: “It’s always been a
thorn in their sides.” But he is very
clear on one point: “Sovereignty is
not up for negotiation. British we are
and British we will stay.
“That flag will never come down.
We’re more British than the British
and we’ll survive.”
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:25 Edition Date:180406 Edition:03 Zone:
Friday 6 April 2018 The Guardian
HSBC whistleblower
faces extradition
Page 28
Sent at 6/4/2018 0:10
Lebanon’s civil war
Pair reunite 33 years
after defining image
Page 29
Brazil’s ex-leader
told: hand yourself
in and go to prison
Sam Cowie
São Paulo
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, Brazil’s
former president, has been ordered
to turn himself in to the authorities
to serve the 12-year jail sentence he
was given after being convicted of
Lula had pleaded with the country’s
supreme court to remain free until he
had exhausted all his appeals, but yesterday, after 10 hours of debate, the
judges ruled by six to five against his
request. The decision will deal a serious blow to the political survival of
Brazil’s first working-class president
and potentially deepen divisions in
the country, which has been racked by
episodes of political violence.
Lula says the corruption charges
against him are politically motivated
and designed to stop him running for
president again in October’s elections.
Despite his conviction and six separate
pending corruption trials, he is leading in opinion polls. His Workers’ party
(PT) described the ruling as “a tragic
day for democracy and Brazil”.
The case against Lula is part of the
“Car Wash” corruption investigation,
which has led to the jailing of dozens
of top executives and politicians and
exposed bitter divisions in the country.
Lula’s successor, Dilma Rousseff,
was impeached and removed from
office amid a scandal and economic
crisis. The current president, Michel
Temer, avoided standing trial before
the supreme court last year when allies
in congress shielded him from charges
of corruption, obstructing justice and
links to organised crime. Polls put
his approval rating at 5%, but he has
hinted at a run in October regardless.
Dom Phillips
‘He was able to
stabilise the
economy at a
time of crisis’
Lula oversaw a period of sustained
economic growth and his social policies helped lift millions of people out
of poverty, but his legacy took a hit as
the economy struggled under Rousseff
and corruption allegations emerged
against him and his leftist PT, which
held power from 2003 to 2016.
Lula’s supporters, made up of
leftwing social movements and trade
unionists, gathered in the capital,
Brasília, this week to show support
for him after thousands of protesters took to the streets of 100 cities the
night before.
Douglas Grandini, who works at an
estate agency and was on an anti-Lula
protest, said: “The crisis that Brazil is
in today comes from the bad planning
and corruption of [politicians’] mandate. We’ll take 10 years to recover.”
Last year Lula was found guilty
and sentenced to 10 years in prison
for accepting bribes worth 3.7m reais
(£790,000) from the OAS construction
company – the amount prosecutors
said the firm spent refur bishing a
beach flat for Lula in return for his help
winning contracts with the state-run
oil company Petrobras. In January, an
appeal court unanimously upheld his
conviction and increased the sentence
to 12 years.
Under Brazilian electoral law, a
candidate is banned from elected
office for eight years if found guilty
of a crime. The head of the PT said
that Lula would run for election in
spite of yesterday’s ruling, leaving
the decision about the validity of his
candidature in the hands of the highest electoral court.
Lula’s supporters rally with signs
supporting another run for president
any Brazilians –
especially the
poor – regard the
Lula era with
nostalgic warmth:
the country rode
a commodities boom during his
presidency from 2003 until 2011,
which helped its economy grow
while poverty and inequality fell.
His governments introduced
measures to increase the number of
people from Brazil’s badly funded
public-sector schools studying at
universities. The University for
Everyone programme, created by
a 2005 law, provided scholarships
to private universities. New federal
universities were opened and
admission procedures streamlined.
States such as Rio de Janeiro
launched quotas for black and
public-sector school pupils, which
had a powerful social impact in a
deeply unequal country where more
than half the population identifies
as black or mixed race. More than
500,000 more public-sector pupils
went to university during his term.
Wesley Andrade, 20, studied
at a state-funded school in São
Gonçalo, a gritty, working-class area
near Rio de Janeiro. His mother, an
immigrant from the poorer northeast of Brazil, could not afford
private lessons or university fees.
He is now studying international
relations at Rio de Janeiro State
University thanks to the quotas. “He
did a lot for Brazil, for inequality,
for the poor people; he reduced
radically inequality and hunger in
the country. He was able to stabilise
the economy at a time of world
economic crisis so that Brazilians did
not lose their jobs,” he says of Lula.
As wages grew, 37 million Brazilians
joined an emergent new lowermiddle class, called Class C, which
drove a consumer spending boom.
A cash-transfer scheme called bolsa
família (family allowance) benefited
tens of millions of poorer Brazilians,
provided their children went to school
and had vaccinations. A scheme
called Minha Casa Minha Vida (my
The number of Brazilians who joined
the emergent ‘Class C’ lower-middle
class as wages grew via Lula’s reforms
house, my life) provided low-cost
flats with generous mortgage terms,
helping more than 13 million people.
But Lula failed to bring in pension
changes to cut soaring spending
and, though education improved,
productivity failed to keep up. In
2014, Brazil fell into a crippling
recession and some gains were lost.
Marcelo Neri, an economist who
was also a minister in Dilma
Rousseff ’s government, said: “It is
not for nothing that he has this
popularity, despite the scandals.”
But Neri faults Lula for failing to
introduce structural changes while
Brazil rode the commodities boom.
“A combination of elements
generated the big social boom. But
[Lula] did not have the ingredients
to maintain it afterwards,” said Neri.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:26 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 5/4/2018 15:00
The Guardian Friday 6 April 2018
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:27 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Friday 6 April 2018 The Guardian
Sent at 5/4/2018 15:00
▼ New York City
Children cool off in East Harlem in
1946, in an image on show at the
Aipad photography fair in New York
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:28 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 5/4/2018 17:46
The Guardian Friday 6 April 2018
IT specialist
who exposed
HSBC may be
Catalonia’s former
police chief charged
with playing role in
independence bid
Stephen Burgen
A former head of the Catalan police
force who drew widespread praise for
his handling of the Barcelona terror
attacks last August was charged yesterday with belonging to a criminal
organisation over events leading up
to Catalonia’s illegal declaration of
independence in October.
Josep Lluís Trapero was a member of a “heterogeneous criminal
organisation” led by the former Catalan president Carles Puigdemont, a
Spanish national court judge, Carmen Lamela, said in an indictment.
He is also accused of public order
offences related to the independence
The regional police force “shared a
common goal of bringing about Catalonia’s secession and the proclamation
of a republic, and in this manner
changing the political organisation of
the state and the government, contrary
to the constitution and the statute of
autonomy,” Lamela said.
Stephen Burgen
Hervé Falciani, the whistleblower who
exposed wrongdoing at HSBC’s Swiss
private bank, could face extradition
from Spain to Switzerland after he was
arrested in Madrid this week.
Falciani, an IT specialist, fled from
Switzerland to France in 2008 with a
list of 130,000 names of organisations
and individuals, some of whom may
have used the Swiss banking system to
launder money and evade taxes.
The Swiss issued an international
arrest warrant in 2009. The French,
instead of extraditing him and returning the data, used his list to prosecute
tax evaders. Falciani later fled to Spain
and in 2013 Spain’s national court
rejected a Swiss extradition request
on the grounds that the charge of violating bank secrecy was not an offence
in Spain if the secrecy was used as a
cover for serious offences.
▲ Hervé Falciani has lived in Spain since 2013 PHOTOGRAPH: DENIS BALIBOUSE/REUTERS
The Swiss justice ministry said
it had submitted a request for Falciani’s extradition yesterday. The
Spanish national court judge Diego
de Egea freed Falciani while he considers the case. Falciani has had his
passport retained, must report to the
police once a week, and is not allowed
to leave Spain.
Since 2013, Falciani has lived
mostly in Spain under a high security
programme sponsored by the UN. In
November 2015, a Swiss court sentenced him in absentia to five years’
imprisonment for financial espionage and data theft. They now want
to extradite him to serve his sentence.
For its part, Spain is keen to extradite
two Catalan fugitives from Switzerland. Marta Rovira, of the Republican
Left party, and Anna Gabriel, of the
radical Popular Unity Candidacy, are
taking refuge in Geneva.
Until now, Swiss authorities have
been reluctant to comply. The arrest
of Falciani is widely seen in Spain as a
favour to the Swiss, in the hope it will
be returned in kind. The arrest order
for Falciani was issued on 19 March,
four days before Rovira fled to Switzerland, but several weeks after Gabriel
sought refuge there.
Trapero and his Mossos d’Esquadra
officers were praised for their handling
of the terror attacks in Barcelona and
Cambrils. Within hours, the Mossos
had shot dead or arrested everyone
involved in the attacks, which had left
16 victims and five terrorists dead.
The charges relate to events in September and October. In September the
Mossos did not intervene when a large
crowd kept Spanish civil guard members trapped for hours in a Catalan
government office they had been told
to search. During the incident several
civil guard vehicles were vandalised.
On 1 October the Mossos were
expected to close down polling booths
set up in schools for the referendum
but acted only sporadically – presumably under orders from superior officers.
Civil guards and national police officers then tried to stop the referendum
with force. Images of riot police beating
voters and taking away ballot boxes
were shown around the world.
Trapero left the force in October
after being demoted when Madrid
imposed direct rule on the region.
Two other members of the regional
police and an official with the regional
interior department were also indicted
yesterday. The charge sheet alleges
that “the action plan was known in
advance by the people occupying
the schools and, knowing the Mossos
would not intervene, obstructed
police officers who did attempt to carry
out the judicial order”.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:29 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 5/4/2018 19:54
Friday 6 April 2018 The Guardian
I want to live
with Israelis,
says organiser
of Gaza protest
Oliver Holmes
Hazem Balousha Gaza City
Reunited in Beirut
Chance encounter
reveals decades-long
shadow of civil war
Martin Chulov
Middle East correspondent
or nearly 33 years Samar
Baltaji was the onelegged mother in the
photo, holding the hand
of her maimed daughter,
Nisrine, as they walked
through a landscape of Beirut at war.
In a simple skirt and blouse, and
with a transistor radio on her hip,
she stared straight into the camera
of a young photographer, Maher
Attar, who was covering clashes
near the Sabra-Shatila Palestinian
refugee camp. His photograph made
the front of the New York Times,
capturing Lebanon’s disintegration
like few other images in the 15-year
conflict, and it launched his career.
In the decades since, the stillness
of mother and daughter under a
stark summer light remained a
defining image of the civil war – one
of dignity in the face of carnage and
prevailing against formidable odds.
Last week, the photographer and
his subject came face to face again.
Attar was going to a gym in Beirut’s
Verdun district. Baltaji was begging
nearby. Now a double amputee
– her second leg was lost to bone
disease 12 years ago – the pair said
they instinctively knew each other.
“I said: ‘I’ll give you a clue – smile’,”
Attar said. “And she replied straight
away: ‘Maher’.”
Baltaji remembers that moment in
time, 2 June 1985, as a rare ceasefire
after days of fighting between
Palestinian factions and the Shia
militia group Amal. “They caught
Maher and beat him up,” she said.
“He was taking pictures from the car
window and he dropped his camera.
I gave it back to him.”
Baltaji slowly forgot about the
brief encounter. She had a young
family to raise in a city that was not
functioning. The threat of another
rocket, like the one that took her leg
in her living room, remained very
real. Her health steadily worsened
until she lost her second leg. With
four children to feed, and with
little state support for her or for any
of Lebanon’s estimated 150,000
civilians wounded by war, she took
to the streets.
“My husband died. My son is
working but our rent is $400 a
month and I figured out that if I
begged I could make enough money
to ensure we did not have to touch
the rent money,” she said this week.
“No NGO or charity has helped me.
Just the streets and the people.”
Family life has been difficult for
Baltaji. After her husband, Ziad, was
electrocuted eight years ago a feud
with her daughter led to her leaving
home. “I gave up my leg to save hers
in 1982 – they needed cartilage from
mine – and after her father died she
kicked me out.”
Now, her face leathered by sun
and her tiny frame barely rising
‘Maybe it’s my age,
maybe it’s the fact
that I’m made, but I
need to do something
[to help Baltaji]’
Maher Attar
▲ Maher Attar and Samar Baltaji in
the Sabra-Shatila refugee camp where
Attar took her photograph (below) in
above the back of her wheelchair,
she said she regretted little about
her 58 years. “Sometimes I sit on the
balcony and think and I begin to cry.
And then I think I’m lucky to be alive
and I go back to being patient.”
Attar said the chance meeting
had left him with a “personal duty”
to help Baltaji. “Maybe it’s my age,
maybe it’s the fact that I’m made,
but I need to do something,” he said.
The pair had been briefly reunited
once before when a TV show went
looking for icons of the war in 2005.
“But it was short and I was told she
was being looked after,” Maher said.
“Now I know she needs help.”
On Wednesday, Baltaji and Attar
went back to the Sabra-Shatila camp
to find the precise spot where their
encounter took place. “It’s here!”
shouted Baltaji, stopping near a
building pockmarked by bullets.
“It’s 50 metres further,” said Attar.
In the end, both were wrong – they
were facing the wrong way. When
the site was finally settled on, or
close enough to it, the 55-year-old
photographer and the once young
mum both seemed their age. And
both seemed content. He called her
“auntie”. She called him “brother”.
Before they parted, Baltaji was
asked to reveal the song playing on
the radio as she hobbled through the
war zone. It was a love song called
They Ask Me, by Warda, an Algerian
singer. On that day, it was a vignette
to a lull in the chaos. Now, it has
become a soundtrack to a life of loss
and dignity. Hearing it again made
her cry.
Additional reporting Nadia al-Faour
The Palestinian credited with instigating protests in Gaza that have left
16 people dead has said he believes in
a “one-state solution” to the IsraeliPalestinian conflict, with Israelis and
Arabs living together as equal citizens.
Ahmed Abu Artema told the Guardian: “I don’t believe in liberation – I
believe in ending the apartheid system
in Israel, like the end of the apartheid
system in South Africa, and we live all
in one democratic state.” In English, he
added: “I want to live with Israelis.”
The social media activist helped
launch the Great March of Return last
month. The planned six-week demonstration calls for refugees and their
descendants to be allowed back to
their family homes in Israel. Backed
by Hamas and other factions, larger
gatherings are expected every Friday.
After three wars in 10 years, Palestinian action against Israel in Gaza
is seen as an armed struggle. Abu
Artema, who says he is not affiliated to
Hamas, hopes these peaceful protests,
involving thousands of old people,
women and children, will shift that
image. Israel, however, called the protests “riots” and a ploy to “camouflage
terror attacks” by Hamas, militants
once opposed to Israel’s existence.
Young men in the first protest last
Friday threw rocks, burned tyres and
tried to cut the fence around Gaza. Yet
most participants just turned up and
stayed hundreds of metres back, away
from the Israeli-declared no-go area.
Israel’s response has been widely
criticised. The UN and EU have called
for independent inquiries after soldiers were accused of killing 16 people
and shooting hundreds more, mostly
in the legs. The Israeli human rights
group B’Tselem told soldiers they
were “duty bound” not to obey livefire orders on unarmed civilians.
Many attribute the protest to a viral
Facebook post of Abu Artema, mooting
a peaceful attempt by Gazans to reach
ancestral homes in Israel. Organisers
modified it to avoid clashes, agreeing
instead to eat, sleep, dance and even
marry at the fence. “We are looking for
a new culture,” he said. “It’s not necessary to resist the occupation with
bullets. You can resist … with Dabke
[folk dancing], or by just sitting there.
“[Israel] wanted to drag it to violence, they don’t want to confront
people. They want to be confronted
by a rocket or a missile,” he said. “I
believe in peaceful protest.”
▲ Women take part in a Gaza protest
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:30 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 5/4/2018 18:46
The Guardian Friday 6 April 2018
step up
Danish inventor
‘lacked empathy’
as he talked of
cutting up body
Richard Orange
Angelique Chrisafis
After more than 50 hours at a student
barricade at her university faculty
building in northern Paris, Camille,
20, said she was tired but determined.
Night and day, the striking humanities student had been keeping vigil at
a lecture hall sit-in, taking turns with
another student to doze in a sleepingbag on the cold lecture-room floor,
guarding a barricade of chairs blocking the doorways to lecture halls.
She was one of scores of arts students protesting against more selective
entry requirements for universities by
France’s centrist president, Emmanuel Macron. The growing student
protest movement is irking Macron’s
government, which is also grappling
with strikes by rail staff in the first big
challenge to his pro-business resolve
to reshape the French economy.
“I’ve got an essay on medieval literature in my bag and I’ll try to finish it in
spare moments,” said Camille, a working-class student at the Sorbonne arts
faculty at Clignancourt.
“We’re not slackers. We’re just
standing up against Macron’s changes
to the university admission process.
Like all the other Macron reforms, it’s
about chipping away at the French
social model and loosening the public sector. It’s unfair, and creates even
greater inequality in society.
▲ A student with
a placard calling
for a general
strike during
a protest
in Marseille
‘Like all the other
Macron reforms, it’s
about chipping away
at the French social
model and loosening
the public sector’
Humanities student
“There are other things we’re furious about, such as Macron’s hard
stance on immigration. There’s a growing feeling of anger on several fronts.”
When rail workers launched three
months of rolling strikes this week
against Macron’s proposed changes to
the state railway, students joined the
fray, stepping up their long-running
demonstrations against changes to
university entry requirements. About
12 of the country’s 70-odd universities
have had sit-ins. When one in Montpellier was broken up by masked men
with bats and sticks last month, others
joined the protest.
On Wednesday night, 100 students
staging a sit-in at Strasbourg university were evicted by police. There have
been demonstrations from Nantes to
Toulouse. In Paris, the Clignancourt
faculty was the only Sorbonne campus
affected, but another Paris university
site, Tolbiac, was blocked.
The prime minister Edouard
Philippe said he was “extremely
vigilant” over the sit-ins, blaming the
far-left for stoking them and criticising what he called anti-police graffiti.
Comparisons to the events of May
1968 were rejected by one 19-year-old
sociology student in Paris. “If 1968 was
about the shape of society, our strike
is about the French social system and
protecting the public sector.”
Under Macron’s changes a lottery
system for student entry to oversubscribed courses would be wound down
and the most popular departments
allowed to select on merit.
Some students argue this threatens France’s egalitarian principles.
“The situation before was problematic but the new rules will not help.
They will worsen inequality and universities remain underfunded,” said a
28-year-old student at Clignancourt.
“The government is starting to get
scared. It’s only a few weeks until
exams and the end of term. We’ve only
got a short period to step up our action
so we can’t back down.”
Man made €1.2m by ‘recycling’
same bottles, German court told
Philip Oltermann
Recycling used bottles benefits the
environment and is good for your
conscience. But in Germany, criminals
have allegedly found ways in which it
can make you a millionaire.
A 27-year-old man faced court
yesterday in Bochum on two fraud
charges, after allegedly making €1.2m
(£1.1m) through illegally manipulating machines used for the country’s
deposit return scheme for bottles
and cans. He is accused of defrauding drinks manufacturers by disabling
the shredding mechanism on two
machines, allowing him to claim back
deposits for the same bottles over and
over again.
With each plastic bottle usually
earning a 25-cent return, he would
have had to “recycle” his bottles 4.8m
times. His lawyer said his client was
a “straw man” who had taken over a
retail outfit as a favour, unaware of the
manipulated machines.
Under the deposit return scheme,
which has been in place in Germany
since 2003 and is due to be introduced
Number of times the defendant
would have had to recycle his
bottles, which get a 25-cent return
Number of years the deposit scheme
has operated in Germany. It is due
to be launched in England this year
Danish inventor Peter Madsen discussed dismembering the body of
Swedish journalist Kim Wall in interviews with psychiatrists without
emotion and showed no compassion
for her or her family, the Copenhagen
district court heard yesterday.
“What do you do when you have a
big problem? You divide it into something smaller,” Madsen answered,
when psychiatrists asked about his
decision to cut off Wall’s head, arms
and legs. He compared his preparations to the Battle of Trafalgar and
argued that “a dead body does not
deserve any special respect”.
Danish prosec utor Jakob
Buch-Jepsen read out the psychological assessment on the 10th day of
Madsen’s trial for murdering and sexually assaulting Wall.
The prosecution believes he killed
Wall to fulfil his sadistic sexual fantasies, citing the more than 140 video
clips or links to videos found on his
computers, hard drives and iPhone
showing murder and torture.
Wall had been due to interview Madsen about his self-built submarine. He
claims Wall died when the pressure
dropped in the submarine’s interior,
flooding it with toxic exhaust fumes.
He admits dismembering her body,
claiming it was the only way he could
pull it from the vessel.
The psychiatrists recommended
that Madsen be held in “safe custody”,
as his “narcissistic and psychopathic
traits,” made him a danger to others.
They said he showed “a severe lack of
empathy and remorse”.
All 36 witnesses in the trial have
now been heard, leaving only the
final summing-up speeches on 23 April
before the verdict on 25 April.
in England this year, customers pay a
deposit or pfand as part of the price of
a bottle or can, which they can reclaim
when they return the drinks container
to a vendor.
The return usually takes place
via sophisticated “reverse vending
machines” that scan the bottles and
hand out a voucher to be cashed in at
the counter. Reusable bottles are sent
back to the manufacturer, while nonreusable bottles, usually made out of
polyethylene terephthalate, are shredded inside the mechanism.
Since retailers are obliged to pay
back deposits even for non-reusable
bottles they did not sell, a clearing system is meant to compensate them for
any losses. Prosecutors in Germany
believe criminal gangs are trying to
exploit this system by claiming back
deposits for bottles they did not
receive in the first place.
The organisation responsible for
deposit clearing said it had been
aware of fraud attempts since 2016,
but had struggled to detect individual instances because of the vast daily
data streams involved.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:31 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 5/4/2018 16:06
Friday 6 April 2018 The Guardian
▼ Salman Khan, centre, arriving at
the court in Jodhpur, Rajasthan
Women told
to leave sumo
ring while
giving first aid
to city mayor
Gavin Blair
Bollywood ‘bad boy’
sentenced to five
years in prison for
poaching antelope
Michael Safi
The Bollywood superstar Salman Khan
was sentenced to five years in prison
yesterday for poaching a protected
species of Indian antelope, in the latest twist to an off-screen life almost as
dramatic as the epics he has starred in.
A court in Rajasthan state found
Khan, one of the world’s best-paid
actors, guilty of illegally hunting the
two blackbucks from his car window
while filming in Jodhpur in 1998.
Prosecutors alleged that Khan, 52,
and four other actors in the car with
him fled the scene when they were
spotted, leaving the animals’ carcasses
behind. The other actors, among them
Saif Ali Khan and Sonali Bendre, were
acquitted by the court in Jodhpur
because of a lack of evidence.
India’s wildlife protection act bans
the hunting of all but a few wild species
without a permit.
As well as the five-year sentence,
the court also fined Khan 10,000
rupees (£110). His lawyers said they
would appeal against the sentence and
that an urgent bail hearing was scheduled for today.
Khan was taken to Jodhpur central
jail after visiting a local hospital for a
medical examination.
Hundreds of police surrounded the
courtroom in Jodhpur to keep back
fans of the actor, who is known for his
bad-boy image and macho film roles.
Khan has long maintained that he
was framed by forest officials in the
case and that the blackbucks could
have died from overeating.
Khan was first arrested over the
poaching case in 1998 after reports
emerged that he had hunted the two
antelopes and three other gazelles. In
2006, he was convicted of killing the
blackbucks and sentenced to five years
in prison. On appeal, the Rajasthan
high court suspended the sentence
in 2007 after the actor had spent two
short stints in jail.
The charges were revised and
brought again the following year, and
have hung over Khan for the past decade, preventing him from obtaining a
UK visa in 2013 until the Rajasthan government asked the court to allow him
to travel. In 2016, he was acquitted of
separate poaching charges relating to
the gazelles.
Anand Desai, Khan’s lawyer, said he
was surprised by yesterday’s judgment
as the facts of the case mirrored those
the Rajasthan high court had relied on
to suspend his client’s conviction for
Number of years since Khan was
first arrested for poaching
▲ Salman Khan in his latest film, Tiger Zinda Hai, about a soldier rescuing Isis
hostages in Iraq. It has taken $85m worldwide PHOTOGRAPH: ASH RAJ FILMS/EVERETT
the same crime in 2007. He also questioned why other defendants has been
freed, which he said implied “that
Salman was out hunting alone in the
middle of the night in a remote area”.
At the time of the poaching, blackbucks were seen as a vulnerable
species but they have since been
reclassified as a species of “least concern” , though they remain protected
by Indian wildlife laws.
Khan has had several brushes with
the law. In 2015, he was acquitted of
killing a homeless man in a 2002 hitand-run incident, a decision now
being challenged in the supreme court.
Also in 2002, Aishwarya Rai, a former girlfriend and fellow Bollywood
star, accused Khan of verbal and physical abuse – allegations he denies.
The poaching allegations against
Khan were first made by someone belonging to the Bishnoi sect in
Rajasthan. Members of the sect consider blackbucks to be a reincarnation
of their 15th-century guru.
Poonamchand Bishnoi reportedly
told the court he heard gunshots and
saw headlights on the night of the
poaching and wrote down the registration number of the hunter’s car as
it sped away.
Members of the sect cheered outside the court as the verdict was read
and Khan was taken away by police.
India’s overburdened legal system
can take years to hear cases but the
lingering poaching charges have not
dampened the obsessive devotion
Khan commands from his fans.
He earned $37m (£26m) last year,
according to Forbes, making him
India’s second-highest paid entertainer after Shah Rukh Khan. His latest
film, Tiger Zinda Hai, about a soldier
who goes into Iraq to rescue hostages
from Islamic State, is one of the highest-grossing Hindi movies ever, taking
about $85m worldwide.
Women who rushed to help a man
when he had a stroke while giving a
speech at a sumo event in Japan were
ordered off the raised ring because of
rules banning females from the area.
The 66-year-old mayor of Maizuru
city, Ryozo Tatami, collapsed on the
dohyo sumo ring in Kyoto on Wednesday. The ring is traditionally regarded
as a sacred place in the ancient sport
and purified with rituals by Shinto
priests before sumo bouts.
Women are banned from taking part
in sumo tournaments or ceremonies,
as well as touching or stepping on to
the ring, because their presence is seen
as defiling its purity.
A number of women ran on to give
emergency treatment, but the sumo
judge at the event repeatedly called
over the PA system for them to step
away. Two could be seen starting to
leave but then returning to help, in a
video shown on Japanese TV.
The actions of the judge drew criticism from television commentators
and on social media in Japan.
Nobuyoshi Hokutoumi, chairof the
Japan Sumo Association (JSA) and a
former grand champion, later apologised and expressed his appreciation
for the women’s help. “In a situation
that could have been life-threatening,
it was an inappropriate response. We
offer a sincere apology,” said Hokutoumi, who is also known as Hakkaku,
the name of the sumo stable he heads.
The mayor, who had a subarachnoid
haemorrhage, was in a stable condition in hospital, city officials said.
Fusae Ohta, the female governor of
Osaka from 2000 to 2008, was once
forced to present a prize to the champion of a tournament on a walkway by
the ring. The JSA rejected her request
to enter the ring, claiming it would dishonour sumo’s ancient traditions.
In the 18th century, female sumo
tournaments were held in parts of
Japan, with women also taking part
in the Shinto rituals from which they
are now banned.
▲ Scenes from the sumo event, when
women defied a ban on entering the
ring in order to help the stricken man
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:32 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 5/4/2018 17:05
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:33 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 5/4/2018 19:59
Friday 6 April 2018 The Guardian
EU centre-right
bloc accused of
Orbán ahead of
Hungary poll
Jennifer Rankin Brussels
Shaun Walker Budapest
Movement sparked by murders
Slovakian fury grows over
state corruption and killings
irst came the double
murder of a journalist
and his fiancee, shot
at their home in a
crime that shocked
Slovakia. Then came
something equally surprising: a
protest movement triggered by the
murders brought tens of thousands
on to the streets for the country’s
biggest demonstrations since the
velvet revolution. This led to the
resignation of the prime minister,
Robert Fico, who had dominated
Slovakia’s political scene for over a
decade, and the resignation of the
interior minister.
Now, five weeks after the killing of
Ján Kuciak and Martina Kušnírová,
many worry that the new leaders
will continue business as usual, and
sweep corruption under the carpet.
Thousands gathered in Bratislava
again yesterday to keep up pressure
over the issue. The newspaper
Dennik N put the crowd at 45,000.
From the stage, the movement’s
main demand was aired: for the new
interior minister to fire the chief
of police, something he has so far
refused to do.
Juraj Šeliga, a 27-year-old PhD
student and one of the protest’s
organisers, outlined the movement’s
priorities: an independent
investigation into the murders, and a
new “trustworthy” government.
Slovakia, formerly part
of Czechoslovakia, became
independent in 1993 and joined
the EU in 2004. Fico, who had been
prime minister for 10 of the past
12 years, portrayed himself as a
more reasonable figure than the
nationalist forces in nearby Hungary
and Poland, although at times he
used populist and anti-migrant
rhetoric, and once said journalists
were “dirty anti-Slovak prostitutes”.
Over the years, the government
weathered several corruption
scandals, partly due to public
apathy. “Corruption has
penetrated all levels of the state
administration,” said Beata
Balogová, editor-in-chief of the
liberal newspaper SME.
But the murder of Kuciak and his
fiancee sparked public anger. The
27-year-old had been investigating
links between the Italian mafia
and Slovak officials, including
revelations that one of the prime
minister’s closest aides was the
business partner of an alleged
member of an Italian mafia clan.
As the protests gathered
momentum last month, Fico
copied tactics used by Viktor
Orbán in Hungary, suggesting the
demonstrations were funded by
the American philanthropist and
financier George Soros.
“Instead of shouldering some
of the responsibility for running
a country where the mafia had
got so close to the top offices of
government, he began spreading
conspiracy theories,” said Balogová.
Fico severely underestimated
the strength of feeling, and in
mid-March, was forced to resign,
although he was replaced by a
longstanding ally, Peter Pellegrini,
from his own Smer party.
Two weeks ago, organisers
called off a planned protest. Even if
Pellegrini was seen as Fico’s man, it
was time to “let the battlefield move
to parliament,” said Šeliga. However,
a fresh rally was held yesterday due
to the refusal of the new interior
minister to fire the controversial
chief of police.
“I trust the police but I don’t
trust their bosses,” said Peter Bárdy,
editor-in-chief of news website
Aktuality, where Kuciak worked. At
▲ Protesters in Bratislava carry a
picture of murder victims Ján Kuciak
and Martina Kušnírová
its offices, one wall of the conference
room is plastered with a spider’s
web of connections between Slovak
politicians and the mafia, and burly
security guards keep watch outside a new addition since the murders.
The protests have drawn
comparisons to the velvet
revolution, the non-violent
demonstrations that ended
communist rule in Czechoslovakia.
But while that movement moved
from one demand to the next with
seeming inevitability, the next steps
for this one seem less clear.
The political opposition is
fragmented with various groups
polling around 10%, ranging from a
neo-Nazi grouping to a supposedly
“pro-family” party whose leader has
10 children with nine women.
The organisers have insisted
the movement is about civic
engagement, not party politics,
and politicians are banned from
addressing the rallies.
There are some signs of
engagement. Balogová said that in
the weeks since Kuciak’s murder,
a huge number of people have
contacted her paper with tipoffs and
documents linked to corruption.
The focus now is on getting young
Slovaks to become socially and
politically engaged, and perhaps to
register for November’s municipal
elections, where candidates can run
as independents.
“We’ve already achieved a lot,”
said Šeliga. “A month ago nobody
would think it was possible that Fico
would go. But decent people, who
want to live in a decent country,
have pushed him out.”
Europe’s powerful centre-right alliance, the European People’s party
(EPP), has been accused of providing
political cover for the autocratic rule of
Viktor Orbán on the eve of Hungary’s
The EPP, a bloc that includes the
parties of the German chancellor,
Angela Merkel, and the president
of the European commission, JeanClaude Juncker, is accused of
sheltering Orbán’s Fidesz party,
despite Hungary’s democratic backsliding, hostile stance on migration,
misinformation about Brussels and
alleged misuse of EU funds.
Fidesz and its Christian Democratic
ally in Hungary, KDNP, are members of
the EPP, which boasts nine heads of EU
governments and the largest number
of MEPs in the European parliament.
Hungary’s former European commissioner László Andor said the EPP
had provided “absolutely essential”
cover for Orbán, and he highlighted
the role of Bavaria’s powerful Christian
Social Union (CSU), the sister party to
Merkel’s Christian Democratic Union.
“The German CSU has played a
pivotal role in whitewashing the autocratic rule of Orbán and only pushed
him back in cases when he was going
to the wildest extremes, such as discussing the need to reintroduce the
death penalty,” Andor said.
Horst Seehofer, the CSU’s former
minister president of Bavaria, hosted
Orbán at a party conference in January,
and Manfred Weber, the EPP leader
in the European parliament, praised
aspects of the Hungarian prime minister’s migration policy on a recent visit
to Budapest.
Fidesz has moved into far-right
territory since 2015, and has run a campaign for Sunday’s elections almost
entirely centred on immigration. Its
advertising suggests opposition parties will collude with the US financier
and philanthropist George Soros to
destroy Hungary’s anti-migrant fence
and dilute the country’s national identity. Orbán has used antisemitic tropes
in his tirades against Soros, who is of
Hungarian Jewish origin.
But the EPP’s president, Joseph
Daul, recently tweeted “all the best”
to Fidesz and KDNP. Critics argue such
well-wishing has blunted EU attempts
to protect the rule of law in Hungary.
Andor, affiliated to Hungary’s Socialist party, said the EU would have taken
stronger action, such as triggering the
article 7 process threatening sanctions,
had Fidesz not been part of the EPP.
Number of heads of government in
the European People’s party, among
them Germany’s Angela Merkel
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:34 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 5/4/2018 19:06
The Guardian Friday 6 April 2018
Hardys wine
maker sold
to US private
equity group
Angela Monaghan
March slump in
car sales extends
slide to 12 months
Angela Monaghan
Sales of new cars plunged in March
as economic uncertainty weighed on
demand and consumers turned their
backs on diesel, extending the run of
falling sales to 12 months.
A total of 474,069 new cars were
sold last month, down 15.7% compared
with March 2017, the sharpest monthly
fall since April last year.
The drop reflects a broader trend
over the past year, with cash-strapped
consumers less willing to commit to
big spending decisions since the Brexit
vote, which triggered a sharp fall in the
pound and pushed up prices.
Sales of new cars have also been
hit by a slump in demand for diesel
vehicles, sales of which dropped 37.2%
in March, according to the figures from
the Society of Motor Manufacturers
and Traders (SMMT).
The last time car sales fell for a
longer period was between July 2010
and July 2011, after the government’s
scrappage scheme ended.
“Consumer and business confidence has taken a knock in recent
months and a thriving new car market
is essential to the overall health of our
economy,” said Mike Hawes, the chief
executive of the trade body.
“This means creating the right
economic conditions for all types of
consumers to have the confidence to
buy new vehicles.”
March is a plate-change month,
which typically drives a spike in
demand, but the SMMT pointed out
that it was always going to be tough
to exceed last March, when new car
registrations hit a record high as consumers brought forward purchases to
beat a tax increase that came into force
in April 2017.
The industry’s weak performance
last month meant car sales were down
by 12.4% in the first quarter overall,
compared with the same period last
year, with 720,000 being driven off
British forecourts.
Howard Archer, the chief economic
adviser to the forecasting group EY
Item Club, said the sector would be
hoping car sales in March had been
partly hampered by the cold weather
and snowstorms, which might have
prevented some buyers from reaching car showrooms. “If this is the case,
there could be some catch-up in April,
with car purchases delayed rather
than lost,” he said.
The most popular car in 2018 so far
is the Ford Fiesta, with the Volkswagen
Golf in second place and the Nissan
Qashqai in third.
While demand for diesel has fallen
sharply since the emissions scandal
and with uncertainty about possible
environmental levies on diesel cars,
sales of new petrol cars rose 0.5% in
March, and plug-in and hybrid sales
were up 5.7%.
Hawes said: “All technologies,
regardless of fuel type, have a role
to play in helping improve air quality while meeting our climate change
The decline in sales of new cars
in March, compared with a year
earlier, with diesels out of favour
The increase in sales of fully electric
and hybrid cars in March. Sales of
new petrol cars rose by 0.5%
▲ A car transporter crosses the Queen
Elizabeth II Bridge near Dartford.
Demand for new vehicles has plunged
targets, so government must do more
to encourage consumers to buy new
vehicles rather than hang on to their
older, more polluting vehicles.”
Ian Gilmartin, the head of retail at
Barclays corporate banking, said the
British industry still had some reasons
to be cheerful.
“Car sellers shouldn’t be too disheartened – the industry is still
producing very high quality products,
with most cars, including diesel models, more environmentally friendly
than ever,” he said.
“If manufacturers and the motor
supply chain can retain their focus on
the future, they will be able to help
retailers attract drivers back to the
Sales of new vans also fell in March,
down 5.6% to just under 60,000,
according to the SMMT.
Hawes said a drop in a plate change
month was concerning.
“The new van market is a key
barometer of business confidence
and, while uncertainty remains, a
degree of fluctuation in demand is to
be expected this year,” he said.
Britain’s automotive industry was a
vocal supporter of the remain camp in
the run-up to the Brexit vote, and has
since urged the government to secure a
tariff-free deal with the EU to keep the
sector competitive in the UK.
Australia’s biggest wine producer, the
company behind the Hardys and Echo
Falls labels, has been bought by the US
private equity firm Carlyle Group for
A$1bn (£547m) with a view to capitalising on China’s growing thirst for wine.
Accolade is the biggest wine company by volume in Australia and in
Britain. The company’s brands also
include Banrock Station and Kumala.
Carlyle said it was keen to tap into
Accolade’s growth opportunities in
Asia. “This is a company with great
brands and strong market positions,
with multiple growth opportunities, particularly in Asian markets,”
Carlyle said.
The sale of Accolade by the Australian private equity firm Champ comes
at a time of rapid growth in demand for
wine among China’s swelling middle
classes. Sales of Australian wines to
China have been boosted by a free
trade agreement that came into force
in 2015. China cut import tariffs on
Australian wine from as high as 20%
to about 3%.
In 2017, Australian wine exports
to mainland China jumped 63% to a
record A$848m, putting Australia just
behind France in sales of wine to the
world’s second-largest economy. Australian wine makers stand to benefit
from Beijing’s decision to raise tariffs
on US wine imports in retaliation to
President Donald Trump’s tariffs.
China is the biggest export market
for Australian wine, ahead of the US
and Britain. Accolade does not publish
a breakdown of its exports to China,
but its chief executive, John Haddock,
told Reuters it expected to increase
them by 80% in 2018.
Carlyle is making a big bet on Accolade’s potential, having agreed to pay
triple the A$290m Champ paid for
an 80% stake in 2011. Constellation
Brands, a beer, wine and spirits company, is selling its 20% stake to Carlyle.
Last year Champ abandoned plans
to publicly list Accolade, citing Britain’s decision to leave the EU as one of
the reasons. “There’s no doubt that the
United Kingdom is a changing landscape and we are adjusting to that,”
Haddock said at the time.
“The fall in the pound makes it
much harder for exporters selling into
the UK, who must sacrifice margins
to stay competitive on the shelves of
supermarket retailers.” Accolade has a
bottling facility in Bristol, where more
than 500 people are employed. It is
the largest wine warehouse and distribution centre in Europe, according
to the company.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:35 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 5/4/2018 19:59
Friday 6 April 2018 The Guardian
FTSE 100
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Business view
Nils Pratley
It might dent his ego, but even
Zuckerberg needs people who
will ask the difficult questions
Games to blame The cost of broadcasting the Winter Olympics
helped drive the US trade deficit to its highest level in almost a
decade. The broadcaster NBC’s payment of almost $1bn for the right
to transmit action from Pyeongchang, South Korea, counted as an
import of intellectual property, pushing the overall deficit to $57.6bn
in February. This was the biggest gap since October 2008, up from
$56.7bn in January, according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis.
Superfast mobile broadband a step closer as
operators pay £1.4bn to secure 5G spectrum
Mark Sweney
The UK’s biggest mobile operators
have splashed out a forecast-busting
£1.4bn in the race to secure spectrum
to launch next-generation 5G services.
BT-owned EE, Vodafone, O2 and
Three have paid close to double what
many City analysts had expected the
Ofcom auction to raise.
Analysts had a wide range of predictions on what the auction would
net the government – from £630m to
£1bn – with the attractiveness of 5G
services to consumers and operators
proving much more valuable.
“Mobile network operators are
willing to dig deep to acquire 5G spectrum – evidently seeing it as a strategic
necessity,” said Dhananjay Mirchandani, a telecoms analyst at Bernstein.
The big four operators have secured
broadly the same amount of 5G
spectrum to use, after the auction.
Vodafone won 50MHz in the 3.4GHz
frequency band, paying £378m; EE
won 40MHz, paying £303m; Telefónica-owned O2 picked up 40MHz
for £318m; and Hutchison-owned
Three spent £151m on 20MHz. Three
UK had already secured 40MHz of 5G
spectrum before the auction.
5G is set to be rolled out in the UK
in the next decade and the mass connectivity it allows will help expand
the internet of things (IoT), in which
appliances and devices wirelessly connect to the internet and each other.
IoT technology is already being used
in everything from smart homes to
5G could be used to enable driverless cars to communicate with each
other and other road users, as well as
to develop “smart manufacturing”
▲ The appeal of 5G to mobile users
and operators has proved valuable
– connecting all the various machines
involved in a production chain – and
the drone delivery networks that companies such as Amazon would like to
Ofcom’s auction also saw O2 win
40MHz of 4G spectrum (2.3GHz) that
was made available, paying £206m.
The win was considered essential by
analysts as O2 had the smallest share
of the UK’s usable mobile spectrum.
The plans of its parent company,
Telefónica, for a £10bn stock market
flotation of O2 have been hampered
over the last two years by the Brexit
vote and market uncertainty.
“The outcome for O2 UK is of particular importance given the potential
IPO of this business after the auction,”
said Mirchandani.”
While significantly beating expectations, the £1.4bn 5G auction is a far
cry from the £22.5bn raised for 3G
spectrum two decades ago. Winning
bidders subsequently found themselves making multibillion-pound
writedowns after revenues and profits failed to match prices paid.
Memories of overpaying hampered
the auction of 4G spectrum in 2013
which raised £2.3bn – about £1.2bn
less than Treasury forecasts – prompting an investigation from the National
Audit Office into what went wrong.
he most revealing
answer given by
Mark Zuckerberg
on Wednesday was
his shortest. Asked
if Facebook’s board
had discussed whether he should
step down as chairman, a move
that would still leave him as chief
executive, he replied: “Not that I’m
aware of.”
It’s probably safe to assume
Zuckerberg would have known
about any such discussions among
his fellow directors, so take his
answer to mean: no, Facebook’s
board has heard the calls for the
appointment of an independent
chair, from New York City’s pension
fund for example, and decided to
ignore them.
In doing so, the board seems to
have accepted Zuckerberg’s bizarrely
loose version of accountability.
Allowing the data of up to 87 million
people to be “inappropriately
shared” with Cambridge Analytica
was “my responsibility”, he said in
answer to a later question. It was
also a “huge mistake” not to focus
on abuse of data more generally.
But, hey, “life is about learning from
the mistakes and figuring out what
you need to do to move forward”.
This breezy I-promise-todo-better mantra would be
understandable if offered by a
school child who had fluffed an
exam. But Zuckerberg is running
the world’s eighth-largest company
and $50bn (£35bn) has just been
removed from its stock market
value in a scandal that, aside from
raising questions about personal
privacy and social media influence
on democracy, may provoke a
regulatory backlash.
In these circumstances, why
wouldn’t a board ask whether it
has the right governance structure?
The motivation would be selfinterest. First, there is a need to
ensure the company isn’t run at
the whim of a chief executive who
is a technological whiz but who
admits he failed to grasp Facebook’s
responsibilities as the number
of users exploded to 2 billion.
Second, outsiders, including users,
advertisers and politicians, want
reassurance that Facebook has
basic checks and balances in its
The lack of interest in reform of
governance is explained, of course,
by the fact that Zuckerberg has a
stranglehold on Facebook’s voting
shares. His economic interest is 16%
but he has 60% of the votes, so, for
practical purposes, can’t easily be
shifted from either of his roles.
The best advice to Scott Stringer,
the New York City comptroller who
oversees a pension fund that has
$1bn invested in Facebook, is to
keep pushing. He has common sense
on his side. Stringer’s proposals for
how Facebook could start to pursue
a “reputation-enhancing second
chapter” are also modest: appoint
an independent chair; recruit three
outside directors who are better
versed than Zuckerberg in the
complexities of data and ethics;
and create an independent board
committee with oversight of data
privacy policies and risks.
The US congressional committee
that will question Zuckerberg
next week should also press the
governance issue.
Facebook’s founder, even on his
own account this week, created a
beast whose behaviour he didn’t
fully predict or control. What –
other than the dent to his ego – is
the problem in having a few more
individuals in the boardroom whose
job is to ask hard questions?
Hammerson’s hole
When in a hole, stop digging. It has
dawned on Hammerson’s board
that obsessing over the supposed
wonders of buying its smaller
shopping centre rival Intu – a £3.4bn
deal its own shareholders seem to
hate – is not a good way to prepare
for a possible bid from the French
group Klépierre.
So Hammerson will pause the
Intu action until Klépierre has
shown its hand, which it must do by
16 April. Sensible move. If Klépierre
converts its talk of a cash-and-shares
offer at 615p a share into a proper
bid, the next debate will be about
the real worth of Hammerson’s
estate – from Birmingham Bullring
to Bicester Village.
On that score, Hammerson
waved an asset valuation of 790p
a share, an uplift of 1.8% in three
months, and invited investors to
bask in the “good demand for space
across our centres”.
In normal circumstances, it
would be enough to defeat Klépierre
at most prices below 700p.
Hammerson’s problem, however,
is that it was prepared to issue stock
to Intu when its own share price
was 530p. That hardly inspires
confidence in the new 790p figure.
The best way out of the hole is to
drop the Intu bid altogether.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:36 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 5/4/2018 19:07
The Guardian Friday 6 April 2018
Chips are down at Rank after cold snap, fall
in consumer spending – and lucky punters
Zoe Wood
A winning streak by high-stakes
casino gamblers and empty seats in
bingo halls have hit profits at the Rank
leisure group. Its shares tumbled 15%
to a three-year low after the company
warned that annual profits would
come in at around £77m, compared
with the £83m expected by City analysts. The company blamed much of
the fall on the squeeze on consumer
Underlying sales in its Mecca bingo
halls slumped 2% in the 13 weeks to
1 April as punters stayed home during
the wintry weather. The picture was
worse at its Grosvenor Casino chain,
where sales were down 9% as weaker
than expected visitor numbers were
compounded by a run of good luck
enjoyed by high rollers at the tables.
“Both UK businesses have been
impacted by weaker than expected visits which have been compounded by
two periods of cold weather,” said the
company in a statement. “Grosvenor
Casinos’ underperformance has also
been exacerbated by a negative contribution from its VIP players.
“The board is cautious about the
UK consumer outlook and as a result
expects venues to continue to be
impacted for the remainder of 2017/18
and into 2018/19.”
To offset the slowdown it is experiencing at its halls and casinos and
to attract younger players, Rank has
expanded its online operation with
websites such as
and This area
performed strongly, with digital sales
up 17% in the 13-week period. It has
also launched a high street bingo chain
called Luda, also aimed at a younger
audience, but results so far have been
Shares closed at 180p, their lowest
since February 2015.
The decline of retail gambling has
triggered a wave of consolidation in
the sector. In February, Ladbrokes
Coral was bought by GVC, the Isle of
Man-based firm behind Foxy Bingo,
in a deal worth up to £3.9bn.
Arctic weather
almost stalls
growth in UK’s
services sector
He said the economy was on course
to have expanded by 0.3%, down
from 0.4% in the previous quarter.
He added the weather-related slowdown in March was unlikely to deter
the Bank of England from considering
an interest rate rise at the meeting of
its monetary policy committee in May.
The IHS Markit/CIPS purchasing
managers’ index is a closely watched
guide to the wellbeing of the economy,
and showed that service sector activity
slipped from 54.5 in February to 51.7
last month. A reading above 50 represents growth, but the expansion in
March was the weakest since July 2016,
immediately after the EU referendum.
The report said there was anecdotal
evidence that unusually bad weather
had disrupted business and contributed to subdued consumer spending in
March. In addition, firms also reported
that Brexit-related uncertainty was
putting the brakes on growth.
Services firms said there had been
a sharp rise in costs in March, with
the rate of inflation the strongest for
three months. Higher input prices
were attributed to rising staff salaries,
higher utility bills and increased raw
material costs.
Larry Elliott
Economics editor
The UK services sector has had its
weakest month since the Brexit vote,
after arctic weather brought businesses to a standstill.
The latest snapshot of the economy
from IHS Markit and the Chartered
Institute for Purchasing and Supply
found that services – which account for
almost 80% of national output – registered virtually no growth in March.
While the damage to the economy
is not expected to be permanent, Chris
Williamson, chief business economist
at IHS Markit, said the cold snap would
have affected overall growth in the first
three months of 2018.
“The UK economy iced up in March,
suffering the weakest increase in business activity since the Brexit vote
amid widespread disruptions caused
by some of the heaviest snowfall in
years,” Williamson said. “As a result,
first-quarter economic growth will
likely have been adversely affected.”
Foyles posts a
loss after shop
flood and rise in
business rates
Zoe Wood
Foyles, the family owned bookseller,
slipped back into the red in 2017 as it
counted the cost of higher business
rates as well as flooding at its London
flagship store.
Foyles said the business rates
revaluation had added £70,000 to its
running costs while a flood at its Charing Cross Road store forced its closure
during the school holidays.
The number of shoppers also
declined in the wake of the terror
attacks in London and Manchester,
the company said, as it posted a loss
of £88,791 for the year to 30 June, 2017.
Sales increased 6.4% to £26.6m.
“As a London-centric business, the
impact of heightened security issues
last year, plus the increase in business
The proportion of national
output accounted for by the
services sector in the UK
rates have, in the short term, impacted
us,” said Paul Currie, its chief executive. “We did, however, enjoy our best
trading performance at Christmas in
the history of the company, giving
us comfort that there is continuing
strength in traditional book retailing.”
The 115-year-old business, which
is controlled by Christopher Foyle, its
Monaco-based chairman, also pushed
through major behind-the scenes
changes during the period.
“We continue on our mission to
focus on service in our stores, and
efficiencies within our logistics and
procurement processes,” said Currie.
“Much of this investment we have
made will take full effect in the current and subsequent years.”
The retailer moved its Charing Cross
Road branch a few doors away to the
former Central Saint Martins art school
building in 2014 and Currie said the
new site continued to perform well.
Foyles features in the film adaptation
of The Guernsey Literary and Potato
Peel Pie Society which is released later
this month.
In January, Waterstones said its
pre-tax profits increased from £9.9m
to £18m in the year to 29 April 2017, citing cost savings and a shift away from
selling low-margin academic books.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:37 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 5/4/2018 20:29
Friday 6 April 2018 The Guardian
The company
ran outdoor bars
at numerous
events including
Henley regatta
and the Isle of
Wight festival,
Low spirits How the bubbles
burst for high-flying drinks
firm Conviviality – in a month
Wetherspoons and festival
supplier undone by overly
aggressive acquisitions
and poor record-keeping
Rob Davies
t took less than four weeks
for a company worth
more than half a billion
pounds to fall apart. On
8 March, Conviviality – not a
household-name firm, but a
large company with more than 4,000
staff – commanded a stock market
value of more than £550m. But
after one of the quickest corporate
collapses ever seen in the UK, its
finances have fallen apart, bankers
have balked at its rescue plans, and
shares valued at 300p a month ago
are now worth nothing.
On Wednesday the firm collapsed
into administration, its best parts
of the operation were sold to new
operators, and 2,000 workers
suddenly gained a new employer.
For the other staff, the outlook is far
less certain.
Conviviality may have been an
unknown name, but it was a big
player in the drinks business. The
company was the wine and spirit
supplier to Wetherspoon’s 900 pubs,
as well as to chains such as Slug &
Lettuce, Yates and Hilton hotels.
It ran bars at major outdoor events
such as the Isle of Wight festival and
Henley regatta.
It also owned the Wine Rack
and Bargain Booze drinks chains
and a handful of upmarket wine
merchants including Bibendum and
Walker & Wodehouse.
It expanded rapidly via a dizzying
sequence of acquisitions, which
delivered impressive growth,
transforming the company from
a downmarket drinks chain into a
darling of the stock market.
That strategy, it now seems,
is where it all went so badly and
rapidly wrong. Industry observers
now say that Conviviality’s
acquisitions, while delivering
impressive revenue growth, ended
up exposing underlying weaknesses
in its management.
Now, as the hangover kicks in,
the recriminations are beginning.
Former investors in Conviviality
are considering a lawsuit, while the
work and pensions committee chair,
Frank Field, has called into question
the role of the auditor KPMG, which
also ran the rule over the books of
the government contractor Carillion
before it collapsed.
The firm’s chairman, David
Adams, who yesterday cited the
company’s collapse as he resigned
from the board of the drinks
mixer firm Fever-Tree, can add
another name to the list of ill-fated
directorships on his CV, which
includes Jessops (bust), JJB Sports
(bust) and HMV (also bust).
As administrators from
PricewaterhouseCoopers start to
pick through the remains, they are
▲ Diana Hunter quit as Conviviality’s
CEO after two profit warnings
understood to have been severely
hampered by poor record-keeping –
consistent with the chaotic picture
of Conviviality that has emerged
during its precipitous decline.
The death blow came when
investors refused to pump £125m
into the company. But that followed
three profit warnings in as many
weeks, the first of which was
blamed on an arithmetical error by a
member of the finance team with a
loose grip of spreadsheets.
A week later, Conviviality
revealed it had also absent-mindedly
forgotten that it owed £30m to HM
Revenue & Customs. It seems the
company was so convivial that it
forgot how to do its sums, forgot
its taxes were due and neglected to
keep proper records.
Yesterday C&C – the Dublin-based
cider company behind Magner’s –
stepped in to buy the distribution
division, which supplied a total
of 25,000 pubs and restaurants.
But a further 2,000 workers in the
high street retail business face an
uncertain future, as PwC tries to find
a buyer.
There is a story about Diana
Hunter, who stepped down as chief
executive two weeks ago, that may
offer some insight into Conviviality’s
undignified tumble. According to a
newspaper interview with Hunter,
whose early career took in stints at
Sainsbury’s and Waitrose, she liked
to use her Porsche Cayenne Hybrid
as a “mobile office”, with a printer
on the back seat that allowed her to
print out takeover agreements and
sign them on the go.
The sequence began with the
takeover of the pub chain Punch
Taverns’ drinks wholesaler Matthew
Clark for £200m in 2015. That was
followed by the purchase of outdoor
bar firm Peppermint, then in 2016 by
a £60m deal for the upmarket wine
firm Bibendum. At one point the
business was valued at £1bn.
The company was sometimes
as bold in its marketing as it was in
its dealmaking, confronting Aldi
head on with an advert boasting
of its prices relative to those of the
German discounter. “Aldi Schmaldi”
read the slogan, a line that resulted
in an out-of-court settlement.
But the bravado seemed to be
paying off. Revenues soared by 85%
to £1.65bn in the year to April 2017,
while profits more than doubled to
The combination of chutzpah
and meteoric growth won plaudits
from investors, and the share price
soared more than threefold between
the start of 2015 and October last
year. Investors were handed £20m
in dividends last year, more than
double the payout in 2016.
All of this triggered hefty rewards
for directors. Hunter’s overall pay
package came in at just under £1m.
According to another source,
Conviviality “massively overpaid”
for Bibendum. It is also believed to
have paid £1m to JD Wetherspoon
for the right to be the pub chain’s
exclusive supplier. With such
tiny margins, this is the sort of
arrangement that would take years
to earn a return, if ever.
The Langton Capital retail analyst
and chief executive Mark Brumby
said Conviviality was always
running a risk: “ If you’re bombing
along at 120mph on a straight
road, that’s great. But when you
hit a bend, you go flying off into
the woods. [The firm’s] cashflow
management certainly wasn’t good
enough or they wouldn’t have
gone bust. This was a £1bn company
a few months ago, and now it’s
worth nothing.”
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:38 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 5/4/2018 15:32
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:39 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 5/4/2018 15:32
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:40 Edition Date:180406 Edition:03 Zone:
Sent at 5/4/2018 23:34
The Guardian Friday 6 April 2018
The circular rocks embedded in the hills
are evidence that the earth beneath my
feet once lay under shallow seas
Journal Country diary Page 7
Friday 6 April 2018
UK and Ireland Noon today
Sunny Mist
Low 7 High 13
Lows and highs
Air pollution
Sunny intervals
Around the UK
15 5%
Mostly cloudy
Sunny showers
Low 7 High 13
Light showers
Snow showers
Thundery showers
Atlantic front
Cold front
Occluded front
Jet stream
A trough of low
pressure in the
jet stream will
approach the
UK from the
west today.
Direction of
jet stream
The Channel Islands
Average speed, 25,000ft
There will be
low pressure
off the west
coast of Ireland.
Warm front
There will be
showers across
most of the
UK tomorrow
and Sunday.
Wind speed,
Thundery rain
Heavy snow
Sunny and heavy showers
Atlantic Ocean
260 and above
Forecasts and graphics provided by
Accuweather, Inc ©2018
An Indian communications satellite
has stopped talking to ground
controllers. The spacecraft went
silent so suddenly that an unnamed
official was quoted by the Times of
India as saying it was as though the
satellite had a “cardiac arrest.”
Normally ground controllers see
things start to go wrong before a
spacecraft stops communicating.
This time, however, according to the
quoted official, there were no signs
at all. This is making it difficult to
diagnose the error and try to bring
the spacecraft back online.
Observations from Earth show
that the satellite is intact but failed
to reach its final, circular orbit.
The GSAT 6A satellite cost about
$41m (£29m) and was designed to
undertake a 10-year mission. It was
to have provided communications
to remote areas of the country,
including civilian, governmental and
military users.
The Indian Space Research
Organisation (ISRO) has been
generally successful recently. In
2017, four out of five launch attempts
worked, including a powerful new
rocket. One launch even deployed a
record 104 small satellites. Efforts to
re-establish contact with GSAT 6A
continue. Stuart Clark@DrStuClark
Around the world
B Aires
Mexico C
N Orleans
Cape Town
New Delhi
New York
Rio de J
H Kong
Tel Aviv
K Lumpur
L Angeles
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:41 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Friday 6 April 2018 The Guardian
Sent at 5/4/2018 19:23
Commonweath Games
Willmott leads
English gold rush
on day one
Guardiola looks
for answers after
City humbling
Page 42 Page 48 41
Nuno Espírito
Santo’s Wolves
side go to Cardiff
tonight with a
six-point lead
but having
played a
game more
Nuno Espírito Santo and Neil Warnock have performed
brilliantly throughout this season, although they have
done it in different ways: Wolves’ success has been built
on a platform of beautiful attacking football facilitated
by a large transfer budget spent very wisely, whereas
Cardiff ’s has been based on the resilience, toughness
and character that Warnock seems to have a gift
in creating at most clubs he has been at in his long
managerial career.
The contrast in the style of football of the
two clubs exemplifies what a wonderfully and
unpredictable league it is – no doubt the most
competitive and well-supported second-tier division in
world football. No matter how it is achieved, I can’t make
the point strongly enough that navigating your way
through a gruelling Championship season successfully
is impossible without organisation, camaraderie,
mental strength, physical fortitude and no little skill,
regardless of how much money has been spent in the
process of getting there.
Passion play
Cardiff ’s date with
Wolves reminds
me just how much
promotion meant
Liam Rosenior
e’ve been wowed by the
brilliance of Cristiano Ronaldo
and blown away by Liverpool’s
performance against
Manchester City but this
week’s crucial games aren’t
over yet. The Champions
League quarter-finals may
be only at half-time but in the Championship there is a
match that is about more than a trophy because it has the
potential to change the lives of the players, backroom
staff, the kitman and even the tea lady.
Cardiff v Wolves tonight is a huge game, where the
victor is all but guaranteed a place at the top table in
English football. It reminds me of a year ago when we
achieved promotion at Brighton and the whole city as
well as millions worldwide via social media shared in the
celebrations with immense pride and joy.
What very few saw was the effect going up had on Dee,
working in our players’ canteen, who every day would
do everything to make our lives easier and better. Like
every employee at the club, Dee got a promotion bonus,
which allowed her to take the kind of holiday with her
family she had always dreamed of, and that’s an example
of the small but no less important detail of how football
positively affects lives.
Yes, the European games this week were huge and so
are the derbies on Merseyside and in Manchester this
weekend but for the biggest game in terms of outcome,
it is the top-of-the-table clash in Wales which I expect
will be the most nervy, passionate and intense. Both
ow that Wolves and Cardiff are at a
point where they can see the light at
the end of the tunnel, this is where
the points seem even more difficult
to gain and goals that much harder
to create, and games appear to go on
for 90 days rather than 90 minutes.
It’s the point where the true test
of character comes, with players running around the
football pitch knowing that one mistake can adversely
affect the outcome of not just their own professional
careers but the futures of many of the staff who play a
huge and unheralded role behind the scenes, let alone
the dreams of supporters itching to watch their clubs
play at Old Trafford or Anfield and if not that then
catching up on the highlights on Match of the Day –
a show that as kids we all dreamt of appearing on.
I have been fortunate enough to feel those nerves
and excitement in the buildup to this kind of game. The
sick feeling in your stomach due to the combination of
adrenaline and nerves flowing through your body, the
good-luck messages from close friends and family who
know how big an ambition it has been for you throughout
your whole life to be seen as a Premier League player, as
well as the understanding that promotion to the Premier
League could be life-changing financially on a personal
level, enabling you to plan a life for your children that
you never thought possible.
These will be the things going
through a lot of those players’ heads
tonight and, while the quality on
the Premier show may not be on the same level
League can as in the Champions League or this
top Premier League games,
enable you weekend’s
the nerves, excitement, passion and
intensity will at least be on a par
to plan a
life for your with them.
The job that both managers have
done to get their teams to this position
has been nothing short of superb but
that you
a huge amount of recognition must
go to Warnock, a man who always
seems to bring out the most positive
or negative reactions in people,
yet throughout the last decade,
especially, has consistently produced
teams that far outweigh the sum of their parts.
Throughout this year he has cleverly taken the
pressure away from his players, with quotes such as “just
happy to be here” and “we’re not expected to be in the
top two” but even he deep down will know he can only
deflect the pressure for so long and that the sick, nervy
sensation every human naturally feels at that moment
on the verge of accomplishing an amazing feat is now
upon his players. I can’t wait to see how both his side and
Wolves fare in the run-in.
When it comes to drama, excitement and
consequences, the Championship can compete with
most competitions in the game and I expect that to be
borne out over the next few weeks – just ask Dee.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:42 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 5/4/2018 19:55
The Guardian Friday 6 April 2018
Commonwealth Games
New Zealand
Today’s highlights
• Artistic gymnastics Women’s
team final from 7.10am Australia
will challenge England for gold
• Beach volleyball Women’s pool B
10.30am Canada, the top-ranked
women’s team in the world, face Fiji
• Swimming Men’s 200m freestyle
final 10.56am South Africa’s Chad
le Clos faces England’s James Guy
• Track cycling Men’s individual
pursuit 11.28am English amateur
Charlie Tanfield is aiming for gold
One to watch
team pursuit
n will
old in
aim for gold
the individual
track cycling
e from
10.38am on
day two on the
Gold Coast.
Number of the day
41.7 mph
The highest average speed
in the women’s sprint in Rio
Katie Marchant rides from 11.52am
Caught on camera
Anna Hursey, the 11-year-old table
tennis player from Wales, won her
opening match on the Gold Coast
Brownlees empty-handed
after injuries take their toll
Martha Kelner
Gold Coast
It is rare a triathlon medal ceremony
goes ahead without Alistair and Jonny
Brownlee but the anthems rang out
in their absence yesterday after the
brothers had laboured to the finish line
at the Commonwealth Games.
Everything was going to plan as
they emerged from the swim and
cycle in the leading pack. “About
three-quarters of it went all right,”
Alistair said. “My swim went well,
it was probably the only time in my
career I’ve led a swim out and I was
just trying to pull that gap out as much
as possible.”
But they went into meltdown on
the run with the Olympic champion,
Alistair, finishing 10th and Jonny faring only slightly better in seventh.
Both said they had been laid low
by injury over the past month and
realised part way into the 5km run
they would be unable to keep up
with the eventual winner, Henri
Schoeman of South Africa, and the
silver medallist, Jacob Birtwhistle of
Australia. Scotland’s Marc Austin won
a surprise bronze.
Alistair was the England flag-bearer
at the Carrara Stadium at the opening ceremony on Wednesday evening
but insisted it was the after-effects of
an achilles injury rather than the late
night that damaged his chances. “I’ve
‘It was pretty
terrible today.
I was injured in
January but I
thought I’d be a lot
better than that’
Jonny Brownlee
English triathlete
after coming
probably run a handful of times in the
last month or so and I knew that was
going to be tough,” he said.
“My main priority in the last two
weeks has been making sure my calf
held up so I could get round OK. I
knew I hadn’t run very fast for more
than a minute or two at a time so when
you’ve got to do it for 15 it’s not going
to go very well for you.”
A deluge minutes before the start
left the men shivering on the pontoon. The waters of the Broadwater
Parklands lagoon had turned a murky
shade of grey but Alistair, 29, emerged
from the swim in first place with Jonny
close behind.
Both held their own on the bike and
went into the run with every chance
of winning a medal. It immediately
became apparent Alistair was not fit
enough to keep pace but Jonny was
poised on the shoulder of Schoeman
until he could hold on no longer.
“It was pretty terrible,” said Jonny.
“I’ve had ups and downs coming into
this race. I was injured at the start of
January so missed a lot of training
but I thought I’d be a lot better than
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:43 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Friday 6 April 2018 The Guardian
Sent at 5/4/2018 19:52
Men’s triathlon
Wilmott applies own
science to claim gold
Martha Kelner
Gold Coast
Brownlee leads
Jonny in the
cycling before
the brothers
went into
meltdown in
the 5km run
that. I dived in and I felt pretty weak
on the swim. I started riding and had
to work really hard to catch Alistair
up. I’m normally one of the strongest
on the bike but I didn’t feel great. I
started running and thought: ‘Oh dear.’
I tried to give it everything to stay in
the medals as long as I could but it just
wasn’t good enough.”
There was better news for England’s
Jess Learmonth, who finished second
in the women’s race behind the world
champion, Flora Duffy of Bermuda.
The 29-year-old Learmonth has had
a swift rise to prominence over the
past year and said she was surprised
to win a medal.
“I’m delighted. I tried to enjoy it as
much as I can,” she said. “It wasn’t
that enjoyable on the last lap of the
run, with them just behind me, but I
can try to enjoy it now.
“We don’t really set out any plan
to be honest but I was kind of lucky
that Flora Duffy and I started together
and she got on to my feet and she did
a lot of work on the bike, so we just
did a bit each and it kind of worked
out well.”
Few swimmers have a greater understanding of how to tease the best
performance out of themselves than
Aimee Willmott, who has written an
academic paper on the subject.
Willmott’s dissertation, published
in the European Journal of Sport
Science, considers the effect clothing
worn between a warm-up and competition can have on performance. She
concludes that wearing the right garb
can give a 0.59% boost in performance.
In a sport such as swimming the
finest margins decide medals, and
Willmott touched the wall only 0.26sec
ahead of Hannah Miley to claim one of
Team England’s six gold medals on the
opening day of the Commonwealth
Games. On a humid evening at the
Optics Aquatics Centre, Willmott followed her own advice and togged up
until the last possible moment before
the 400m medley final.
“I did five years of uni and finished
last year and did my study based on
how hot you are before you swim
determining how fast you swim,”
said Willmott, who graduated with a
degree in sport and exercise science
from the University of East London.
“I practise what I preach. I dressed up
really warm and was so hot before with
the nerves and the crowd combined.”
Willmott and Miley were stroke for
stroke until the final 15m when the
Teeside swimmer poked in front and
denied the Scotswoman a hat-trick of
Commonwealth titles. It completed
a remarkable comeback for Willmott
after she was forced to relocate her
body accused
of favouritism
Martha Kelner
Scotland’s Marc
Austin secured
a surprise bronze
British Gymnastics has rejected
an allegation of favouritism made
by a gymnast who was left out
of Team England’s squad for the
Commonwealth Games despite
outperforming other athletes who
were selected.
Charlie Fellows, who has been part
of the British senior squad since 2013,
said she was left distraught after being
told she would not be selected to go
to the Gold Coast just minutes before
she received her medals at the British
championships last month. Fellows,
21, claims she had agreed to postpone
her retirement on the understanding
she might be selected by British Gymnastics after injuries forced the withdrawal of Claudia Fragapane and Amy
Tinkler. But Fellows was overlooked
for the 15-year-old Taeja James.
Fellows said: “ I have nothing
against the girls who were selected
training base from the London Aquatics Centre to the University of Stirling
when the elite programme at the home
of the 2012 Olympics was shelved. She
doubted she would make it to the Gold
Coast after a series of injuries.
“After the 12 months I’ve had with
two broken ribs, a bashed elbow and
knee surgery it was just a huge sigh of
relief to get here,” she said. “To just do
the business is incredible.”
Her victory came before a fourth
gold of the day for the England team,
this one for James Wilby, who beat the
defending champion, Ross Murdoch,
from Scotland into second to win the
men’s 200m breaststroke. There were
two other gold medals in the pool for
England, for the Paralympic champion
Ellie Robinson in the women’s S7 50m
butterfly and Tom Hamer in the men’s
S14 200m freestyle.
The honour of England’s first gold
of the Games went to the visually
impaired cyclist Sophie Thornhill and
her tandem pilot Helen Scott who won
the women’s sprint. Later, England
claimed silver in the men’s team sprint
and men’s team pursuit.
The double Olympic champion Max
Whitlock won the first of a possible
three gold medals as England’s men
won the team gymnastics event. The
team of Whitlock, Nile Wilson, James
Hall, Courtney Tulloch and Dominick
Cunningham took the title 10 points
ahead of their nearest rivals Canada.
The team event doubles up as
qualification for the individual disciplines and Whitlock competed only
on the floor and pommel horse, the
two apparatus on which he won gold
at Rio 2016. His complex floor routine
scored 14.8 before he returned to the
pommel horse for a top score of 15.150,
putting him in pole position for double
gold in those individual events.
Anna Hursey, the 11-year-old table
tennis player from Wales, continued
a remarkable rise to prominence by
winning her first doubles match. She
and Charlotte Carey brought Wales
their only win as India claimed the
five-rubber series 3-1.
▲ Aimee Willmott celebrates winning gold in the 400m individual medley on
the opening day of the Commonwealth Games SCOTT BARBOUR/GETTY IMAGES
but I had beaten some of them in the
British championships. I felt like I’d
proved myself. British Gymnastics had
no reason not to take me. I think it’s
definitely favouritism.”
Fellows also claims there was an
unhealthy focus on weight loss, which
resulted in her virtually starving herself. “There was definitely too much
emphasis on how you look,” she said.
“I got told I was big and too heavy to
do gymnastics and I needed to lose
weight. I was a teenager at that point
and it affected me because I trusted
in my coach so of course I’m going to
believe I’m fat.”
Fellows was part of the British team
who won team bronze at the 2015
world championships in Glasgow but
she revealed the constant weight management took its toll.
“At a national squad once we got
given what we called the baby plates
because they were so tiny,” she said.
▲ Charlie Fellows feels there was
an excessive focus on weight loss
“There were three sections on the
plate and we all complained because
we didn’t think it was fair. You’d have
carb on one bit, protein on another and
you wouldn’t even be told what it was,
but it was definitely on purpose. I have
felt hungry when I was told I was too
heavy so I’d try not to eat much. I think
it affects most gymnasts at that level.”
Fellows’ mother, Sally Steele,
has made a complaint to British
Gymnastics, seen by the Guardian.
She accuses the organisation of
presiding over a “culture of fear”
and says her daughter was made to
believe she had a chance of going to
the Commonwealth Games and was
encouraged to continue attending
training squads, something British
Gymnastics denies.
The sport’s UK ruling body said:
“We have robust selection processes
and policies in place to ensure fairness
and to maximise the potential for success at international competitions. The
replacement decisions were based on
performance and development. The
process used for athlete replacement
was in line with the selection policy.”
On Fellows’ claims about weight
management, the body said: “BG
works with leading sports scientists to
provide world-class specialist advice
to our elite gymnasts. The advice we
provide to squad gymnasts is tailored
to the needs of each athlete.”
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:44 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 5/4/2018 19:57
The Guardian Friday 6 April 2018
▼ Lewis Hamilton is in the final
season of a three-year contract
Formula one
Rugby union
Folau ordered
to explain
anti-gay post
F1 future
hinges on
reform plan
Paul Rees
Giles Richards
Lewis Hamilton says he is waiting
for Formula One’s owner to reveal its
plans before making any decision on
continuing in the sport.
Hamilton is in the last season of a
three-year deal with Mercedes and has
been in the process of negotiating a
new contract. But, speaking before the
Bahrain Grand Prix this weekend, the
four-times world champion admitted
he will delay finalising any new deal
until hearing the blueprint for F1,
which Liberty Media will present to
the teams today.
The 33-year-old is in his 12th season
in F1 and has won three of his four titles
with Mercedes over the past five years.
With the team looking strong again
this season and current regulations
set to run until 2020, it was expected
he would re-sign for two years with
an option for a third. But he has now
made it clear he wants to first weigh
up proposals from Liberty, which are
likely to include measures to cut costs
and make the sport more competitive.
“The next contract is probably the
most important one in my career,”
Hamilton said. “The decision, how
long you want to commit to being in F1,
is becoming more and more important
to me, being that I’m in the latter end
of my career. It is one not to be rushed
into and I will not be rushed into it.
“Ultimately you want to have all the
information so you can make the most
knowledgeable decision.”
Liberty has employed Ross Brawn
– the former technical director and
team principal for Benetton, Ferrari,
BrawnGP and Mercedes – to oversee
new rules that will come into play in
2021. Brawn wants to make racing more
competitive, increase the drivers’ role,
and combat spiralling costs.
How long Hamilton intends to
continue his career could be influenced
by the plans. “There are discussions of
what’s happening moving forward,”
he said.
“It’s always good to wait for those
to see the future of F1. To see whether
or not that could or could not have an
impact on decisions you make. It’s
come at a pretty good time because I
have yet to put pen to paper so I think
it is good for the team and good for us.
It is important we do take our time, you
should never rush anything.”
Both Mercedes and Ferrari have
Frost on the front foot for National debut
Chris Cook
“You’ve got to go in there all guns
blazing,” says Bryony Frost, outlining
her approach to next week’s Grand
National, confounding any chauvinists
who thought this young woman might
prefer quietly popping round at the
back for her first attempt at the famous
race. “You can’t say, ‘We’re just trying
to get round.’ That’s not my job, my
job is to fill my horse with confidence,
fill my team with confidence and keep
The 22-year-old Frost brought a
similarly attacking attitude to a schooling session here, where she cleared
six Grand National-style fences on her
mount for next week’s race, Milansbar.
The horse has never been to Aintree,
so she wanted to know how he would
react to the different look of sprucecovered obstacles and since this was
only the second time she had sat on
him, she wanted to find out how he
will cope with meeting a fence on a
bad stride.
All went smoothly and the spruce
was hardly ruffled. When Frost asked
Bryony Frost will ride Milansbar in
a race that ‘runs through my blood’
for a big one, Milansbar came up readily for her. But he was clever enough
to fit in a short stride at the final fence
when taking a flier would have been
too ambitious, not to say dangerous.
Frost was well pleased. “I’d rather a
horse back off these fences than take
them on. Those are the intelligent
But even if we take the jumping
for granted, Frost has a tightrope to
walk with her tactics on Milansbar.
Somehow in the 40-runner field she
must find a bit of space for this veteran
who doesn’t like to be crowded. He is
Chris Cook’s tips
Fontwell 2.05 Thundering Home
2.35 Wizards Bridge 3.10 Larry
3.40 Clondaw Westie 4.15 Kings Lad (nb)
4.50 Burgess Dream 5.20 Helioblu Bareliere
Lingfield 2.20 Mister Musicmaster
2.50 Spring Romance 3.25 Yes Daddy
3.55 Suwaan 4.30 Six Strings (nap)
5.05 Evening Starlight 5.35 Sarvi
Chelmsford 6.10 Miniature Daffodil
6.40 Rustang 7.10 Maratha 7.45 Candesta
8.15 Irish Minister 8.45 Jack Nevison
9.15 Geetanjali
expressed dissatisfaction at Liberty’s
early proposals while the concorde
agreement that binds them to the
sport ends in 2020 and has yet to be
renegotiated. Ferrari have threatened
to leave F1 if they are unhappy with the
new regulations.
Hamilton, though, is optimistic that
Liberty has set a positive process in
motion. “They are looking into trying
to make it more of a spectacle. I have
talked to people high up who have
no idea what it means to be a racing
driver, or a team or designer, and I’ve
met others that do understand, like
Ross for example. Hopefully we will
move in the right direction.”
a frontrunner who has been recently
enlivened by blinkers but Frost must
conserve his stamina for four and a
quarter miles. How will she do it?
“The main aim is, get in a pocket,
if you can find one. Get in a rhythm,
because rhythm wins races, especially
in those marathon races. And you’ve
got to find luck.”
This first attempt on the National
means a great deal to Frost, whose
father, Jimmy, rode Little Polveir to
win the race in 1989. “It’s a race that
has lived in my family since I opened
my eyes,” Frost said. “It runs through
my blood.
“There’s something about these
marathon races, when you’re galloping for nine minutes solid, going over
fences like this, there’s a sort of partnership you don’t get normally with
them. It’s where I’m happiest. When
you get an opportunity to ride in it, it’s
allowing you to have a buzz that you
don’t get from anywhere else.”
The National also has resonance for
Milansbar’s owner, Robert Bothway, a
semi-retired Norfolk farmer who says
his cousin’s father-in-law owned the
1959 winner, Oxo. Neil King, trainer of
Milansbar, says it is “terribly exciting”
to have a runner in the Aintree race.
If King has one regret, it is that he
has run the horse four times already
this year, having believed he would not
make the cut for the National, which
now looks a formality. But Milansbar
shows no ill effects. “Since he ran in
the Midlands National he’s been in the
best form he’s been in all season. He
does seem in tip-top order.”
Australia’s full-back Israel Folau has
been summoned to a meeting with
leading Australian rugby officials to
explain his recent message on social
media that homosexuals would be
condemned to “hell” unless they
“repent” for their sins.
Raelene Castle, the chief executive of Rugby Australia, and Andrew
Hore, the chief executive of New South
Wales Rugby, where Folau is based,
have ordered the 29-year old to explain
his post to them in person.
Folau publicly opposed Australia’s
decision to legalise same-sex marriage
last year and this week uploaded a
graphic entitled “God’s plan”. When
one user asked what that was for gay
people, Folau responded: “HELL –
unless they repent their sins and turn
to God.”
Rugby Australia quickly disassociated itself from the views of Folau.
“Israel’s comment reflects his religious
beliefs but it does not reflect the view
of Rugby Australia or NSW Rugby,” said
Castle. “We will discuss the matter
with him as soon as possible.”
World Rugby has set up an independent disputes committee to look
at issues arising from the 2019 World
Cup qualification process. The trigger
was Spain’s defeat to Belgium in the
final qualifying round that saw Romania qualify for the tournament in Japan
and leave the Spaniards needing to beat
Portugal to earn a play-off with Samoa.
The match was refereed by a Romanian, Vlad Iordachescu, despite protests in advance from the Spanish
Rugby Union. World Rugby and the
Rugby World Cup board both felt the
match should be replayed because
the integrity of the game had been
World Rugby’s independent judicial
panel chairman, Christopher Quinlan
QC, has been asked to form and convene the disputes committee and
report within a month.
“The World Rugby executive committee and Rugby World Cup board
felt a replay would be in the best interests of the game,” said the governing
body. “Since expressing that view, new
information relating to player eligibility has been presented to World Rugby.
Given this concerns potential breaches
of World Rugby regulations, an independent review is warranted.”
Israel Folau said
homosexuals would
be condemned to ‘hell’
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:45 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Friday 6 April 2018 The Guardian
Sent at 5/4/2018 19:25
‘I haven’t had a fair
crack of the whip in
the Premier League’
Neil Warnock has unfinished
business in the top flight
and promotion with Cardiff
would suit him just fine
Nick Miller
ot long after Neil
Warnock was named
the Cardiff manager,
his wife, Sharon,
made a startling
discovery. “She rang
me and said: ‘I’ve got some news.
I’ve just been on the fanzines at
Cardiff – they all like you. I can’t
believe it.’ I said: ‘Darling, some
people do, you know.’”
They have plenty of cause to
like Warnock now. Cardiff, with a
squad who look like an island of lost
toys in a division where money has
flowed freely, are five points clear of
third-placed Fulham with a game in
hand. Tonight they host the leaders,
Wolves, then on Tuesday visit Aston
Villa, who are fourth. Barring a
calamity, Cardiff will win promotion
to the Premier League. Not bad
considering they were second
bottom when Warnock arrived in
October 2016.
The promotion, if it comes,
would be the 69-year-old’s eighth,
a record. But there seems to be a
contradiction in a manager who will
tell you he much prefers the “muck
and nettles” of the Championship to
the Premier League.
There is an element to Warnock’s
motivation that is different. For most
people the reward of promotion is
playing in the Premier League with
all the attendant status, riches and
glory, but for Warnock a big part of
the goal is simply the promotion.
If there was a way of winning
promotion from the Championship
but playing the following season in
the same division, Warnock might
take it. “Yeah, it wouldn’t bother me
at all,” he says.
He is also still motivated by the
usual things. Like proving a point.
“I don’t feel I’ve had a fair crack of
the whip in the Premier League,
given the circumstances,” he says,
going on to explain the difficulties
at Queens Park Rangers in 2011, the
summer after promotion. The club
were in the process of being sold to
Tony Fernandes, which delayed the
most significant transfer business
until the last week of the window.
“I had four or five very good
players at my house willing to sign,
then in the end they said I couldn’t
sign anybody,” he says. Pinches of salt
should be taken here: they signed six
players before those final few days,
albeit none of blinding quality and
three on free transfers. But clearly the
circumstances were not ideal and the
grievance holds: Warnock was sacked
in January of that season. “It was
terrible really, having got promoted,
having the carpet pulled from under
you,” he says.
“Then Sheffield United, obviously
the Carlos Tevez situation didn’t
help, but before that when we got
promoted, within 24 hours I got a
letter from the club saying they were
going to take my option up but with
no increase in wages, just incentives.
That knocked me for six.”
He does not even mention the
brief spell at Crystal Palace in 2014
but presumably he would cite
extenuating circumstances there
too: it is easy to think these are just
gripes, that he is making excuses for
poor performances in the top flight.
It is possible Warnock is not suited
to, or perhaps is not a good enough
manager for, the Premier League,
but he wants another crack at it.
Neil Warnock
is heading for
a record eeighth
this time w
Cardiff Ci
and loving
every min
every minute
Yet here
her lies another
in that if it did not
happen, Warnock
would not be
overly upset.
He had essentially
retired in 2016 when Rotherham
persuade him to haul them out of
relegation trouble, and success there
reignited something. “That was the
turning point
in my football career. It
was fantastic
. I started to think: ‘By
gum, I en
enjoy this.’”
When managers of his vintage
renew the
their enthusiasm like that,
it can go o
one of two ways: either
t reclaim their past and
they try to
you man’s game or, free
play a young
from pressures
of having to prove
themselv or build a career, they
mana more freely, unshackled
can manage
by expectation.
They are there
because they
want to be rather than
because they
have to be.
‘Rotherham was
the turning point in
my career. I started
to think: “By gum,
I enjoy this”’
Seventh heaven Warnock’s promotions
Scarborough 1987
In his third managerial post after
stints at Gainsborough Trinity
and Burton Albion, Warnock takes
Scarborough into the Football
League for the first time after
winning the Conference title.
Warnock guides County to a second
successive promotion. After beating
Middlesbrough in the semi-finals,
two goals from Tommy Johnson and
one from Dave Regis beat Brighton in
the final to seal a top-flight place.
Huddersfield Town 1995
Warnock sees his team overcome
Bristol Rovers at Wembley in the
Division Two play-off final to seal
a place in the second tier. But he
leaves a few days later after the
chairman reneges on an agreement
that he would be allowed to open
and run a club shop in the town.
Notts County 1990
Beaten to automatic promotion
from the old Third Division by both
Bristol clubs, third-placed County
make amends at Wembley with
a 2-0 win against Tranmere after
beating Bolton in the semi-finals.
Notts County 1991
Once again pipped to the final
automatic promotion spot, this
time by Sheffield Wednesday,
▲ Neil Warnock celebrates Notts
County’s play-off final win in 1991
Plymouth Argyle 1996
Despite dropping down two
divisions, another season ends in
play-off triumph as Argyle defeat
Darlington in the final after finishing
third in the Third Division.
Sheffield United 2006
Appointed by his boyhood club in
1999, Warnock helps the Blades
reach the Premier League as they
finish second in the Championship.
They are relegated the next season
on the final day after Carlos Tevez’s
controversial arrival at West Ham.
Queens Park Rangers 2011
Promotion is sealed before the end
of April. But his top-flight adventure
lasts only 19 matches of the new
season as QPR replace him with
Mark Hughes despite sitting just
outside the relegation zone.
t is easy to see into which
category Warnock falls. “No
disrespect to Cardiff but they
probably needed me more
than I needed them. The sack
doesn’t worry me. When
you’re younger,
you have three
or four ba
bad results and you worry
about everything.
You worry about
injuries because they always seem
to be yo
your best players. I used to take
hom with me: ‘What am I going
it home
to do? He’s out for a month, I can’t
see where
the next goal or point is
comi from.’ At my age, I don’t give
thes things the time of day.”
that with a club who
wer not expected to challenge
for automatic promotion)
th season, and you get a pretty
fr and easy atmosphere. “I said
to Vincent [Tan, the Cardiff owner]
t other day: ‘We’re almost in
the play-offs guaranteed, so if we
didn’t win automatic we’d be in the
play-offs. And if we didn’t win the
play-offs we’d have another go next
year.’ He was OK with that. I’m not
saying that underneath he’s not
desperate to get back, I’m sure he is,
but they’ve not put any pressure on
me, the board.”
It is worth pointing out that Cardiff
are not total outsiders: they have
been frequent dark-horse tips for
the play-offs. Nor are they paupers,
having spent £6m on Gary Madine
and nearly £3m on Lee Tomlin,
though in a classic Warnockian move
they swapped the latter for Jamie
Ward, football’s answer to ScrappyDoo, in a January loan deal.
But at the same time there are not
many other managers who could
have got Cardiff where they are now.
Victory over Wolves would put them
within three points of the runaway
leaders. “We weren’t supposed to be
here,” Warnock says. “If we didn’t
do anything else for the rest of the
season, our fans would clap us off. It
really is a massive bonus.”
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:46 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 5/4/2018 20:13
The Guardian Friday 6 April 2018
Women’s World Cup qualifying
Neville challenges
England to play with
‘swagger and style’
Paul MacInnes
Phil Neville wants his England Women
team to play with “arrogance, swag-ger and style” as they face Wales in
their first World Cup qualifying match
under his management.
Southampton’s St Mary’s Stadium
is expected to have a crowd of 23,000
for this top-of-the-table clash in
Group One. Wales are leaders by a
point from England, though they have
played a game more. Neville’s side
have a 100% record and last month
finished the SheBelieves Cup in the
US as runners-up, but he says his team
must guard against complacency iff
they are to continue in his stated aim off
becoming the best team in the world..
“To walk out at a Premier League
stadium with England Women will be
a great honour for me,” he said. “It surpasses anything that I’ve ever achieved
as a player. But it’s not really about me,
it’s about the players. I think the players are more excited than I am because
it’s a big World Cup qualifying game.
Wales are top of the group so by the
end of Friday we’ve got to make sure
we’re back top of the group. Where we
believe we should be.
“I’ve spoken for the last two months
about wanting to win the World Cup,
but we’ve got to qualify for it first.
We’re not taking that for granted.
We’re playing a Wales team that’s well
coached, well organised. They have
got some individuals that can cause
problems. But my team are used to
playing big games, they’re not intimidated by them and it’s something
they’re looking forward to. They’ve
got the attitude of ‘bring it on’. That’s
what’s been impressive this week.
“Now it’s about going out there and
playing in the style I want them to play.
Having the confidence to go out there,
that’s the most important thing. When
I came out of SheBelieves the thing I
thought was that the team need more
belief in the style that I want to play.
Phil Neville wants
at least 23 players
of world class
▼ Jodie Taylor (left) and Jordan
Nobbs train at St Mary’s Stadium
is that people are now looking at bigger venues, better stadiums against
top opposition. There will be another
England game at Wembley, that’s
something I think the FA are committed to. We’ve got a Premier League
stadium that’s going to be packed to
the rafters, full of people coming to
support my team, and that should fill
us all with excitement.”
Group 1
Friday 7pm
• England
Bardsley; Bronze,
Houghton, McManus,
Stokes; Walsh,
Christiansen, Nobbs,
Kirby; White, Taylor
Subs from
Earps, Telford, Daly,
George, Greenwood,
Williamson, Moore,
Williams, Duggan,
Lawley, Mead, Parris
Bright, J Scott,
• Wales
O’Sullivan; James,
Roberts, Ingle, Evans;
Griffiths, Ladd;
Harding, Fishlock,
Ward; Green
Subs from
Skinner, Dykes, Rowe,
Hughes, Nolan,
Fletcher, Lawrence,
Estcourt, Miles
(probable teams)
Venue St Mary’s
Referee P Larsson (Swe)
TV BBC2 Radio BBC Radio Wales
Commonwealth Games
Triatholon: Men: Final: 1 H Schoeman (SA) 52min 31sec;
2 J Birtwhistle (Aus) 52:38; 3 M Austin (Sco) 52:44
Women: Final: 1 F Duffy (Ber) 56min 50sec; 2 J Learmonth
(Eng) 57:33; 3 J Brown (Can) 0:57:38
Gymnastics: Men: Team final: 1 England 258.950pts;
2 Canada 248.650; 3 Scotland 240.975
Swimming: Men: 200m Breaststroke final: 1 J Wilby (Eng)
2min 08.05sec; 2 R Murdoch (Sco) 2:08.32; 3 M Wilson
(Aus) 2:08.64
400m Freestyle final: 1 M Horton (Aus) 3min 43.76sec;
2 J Mcloughlin (Aus) 3:45.21, 3 J Guy (Eng) 3:45.32
S14 200m Freestyle final: 1 T Hamer (Eng) 1min 55.88sec;
2 L Schluter (Aus) 1:56.23; 3 D Fox (Aus) 1:58.26
Women: 400m Individual medley final: 1 A Willmott (Eng)
4min 34.90sec; 2 H Miley (Sco) 4:35.16; 3 B Evans (Aus)
S7 50m Butterfly final: 1 E Robinson (Eng) 35.72sec;
2 S Mehain (Can) 37.69; 3 T Routliffe (Can) 37.85
4x100m Freestyle final: 1 Australia 3min 30.05sec;
2 Canada 3:33.92; 3 England 3:38.40
Track cycling: Men: B&VI 1000m time-trial final:
1 N Fachie (Sco) 1min 00.065sec; 2 J Ball (Wal) 1:00.900;
3 B Henderson (Aus) 1:01.512
4000m Team pursuit final: 1 Australia 3min 49.804sec;
2 England 3:55.310
Bronze medal race: 3 Canada 4min 00.440sec;
4 Wales 4:01.362
Team sprint final: 1 New Zealand 42.877sec;
2 England 43.547
Bronze medal race: 3 Australia 43.645; 4 Canada 44.943
Women: B&VI sprint final: 1 S Thornhill (Eng);
2 J Gallagher (Aus) 2-0
Team sprint final: 1 Australia 32.488sec;
2 New Zealand 33.115
Bronze medal race: 3 England 33.893; 4 Wales 34.415
Salford City
37 24
6 71 43 +28
Harrogate Town
37 23
7 90 43 +47
35 19 11
5 62 31 +31
36 16 11
9 64 44 +20
Stockport County 36 17
7 12 67 51 +16
York City
36 16
9 11 63 53 +10
Spennymoor Town 32 16
6 10 59 52 +7
Blyth Spartans
35 17
1 17 69 60 +9
35 13 13
9 40 31 +9
Bradford PA
37 13
9 15 57 53 +4
36 12 11 13 50 49 +1
35 13
8 14 55 61 -6
Boston Utd
35 13
7 15 57 61 -4
35 12
9 14 43 50 -7
36 12
8 16 45 55 -10
FC United
37 12
8 17 54 67 -13
Alfreton Town
37 12
6 19 60 63 -3
38 11
9 18 52 66 -14
Curzon Ashton
34 10 10 14 44 53 -9
AFC Telford
34 11
5 18 42 58 -16
36 11
4 21 40 67 -27
North Ferriby Utd 37
8 26 20 93 -73
AFC Telford L Spennymoor Town L; Curzon Ashton L
Alfreton L
St Neots Town L St Ives L
WTA VOLVO OPEN (Charleston, South Carolina)
Second round: Kristyna Pliskova (Cz) bt P Kvitova (Cz) 1-6
6-1 6-3; S Errani (It) bt M Buzarnescu (Rom) 3-6 7-6 (5) 6-2;
F Stollar (Hun) bt J Konta (GB) 6-3 6-4; M Keys (US) bt
L Arruabarrena (Sp) 6-1 3-6 6-3; A Sevastova (Lat) bt
C Dolehide (US) 7-5 6-7 (5-7) 6-1; I-C Begu (Rom) bt C Liu
(US) 6-4 6-2; E Vesnina (Rus) bt T Townsend (US) 6-4 6-1;
A Barty (Aus) bt T Maria (Ger) 4-6 6-3 6-2
Third round: J Görges (Ger) bt N Osaka (Jpn) 7-6 (4) 6-3;
A Sevastova (Lat) bt A Barty (Aus) 6-3 6-4; D Kasatikina
(Rus) bt I-C Begu (Rom) 6-2 6-1
CHINA OPEN (Beijing)
Third round: M Selby (Eng) bt Lyu Haotian (Chn) 6-1;
J Lisowski (Eng) bt G Wilson (Eng) 6-2; N Robertson (Aus)
bt Zhou Yuelong (Chn) 6-1; T Ford (Eng) bt Luo Honghao
(Chn) 6-2; S Bingham (Eng) bt G Dott (Sco) 6-2;
M Williams (Wal) bt M Allen (NIre) 6-5; K Wilson (Eng) bt
Ding Junhui (Chn) 6-5; B Hawkins (Eng) bt Cao Yupeng
(Chn) 6-5
Berahino back in trouble over
late arrival for under-23 match
Saido Berahino’s troubles at Stoke
City continue after it emerged that he
was disciplined for arriving late for an
under-23 game this week, leading to
the striker being made to train away
from the first-team squad before
the Premier League match against
Tottenham Hotspur tomorrow.
It is believed that Berahino has also
You’re playing for England, I want
them to play with a certain arrogance,
swagger and style.”
Neville says that his experience at
the SheBelieves Cup and the past two
days of training on the south coast
have proven invaluable in building an
understanding with his new squad.
“As a coach you’ve got to connect
with your players and the moments
away from the training pitch are the
most quality times,” he said. “Because
players played on Sunday the first day
and a half of this week were recovery
days so I managed to have individual
meetings with every single one.
“My management style is to tell the
players where they stand in my squad
and what I think they need to become
best in their position in the world. It’s
as simple as that. I’ve outlined my plan
to the team as individuals this week.
I expect them to perform for their clubs
like I expect them to play for England.
That’s where I really want to raise the
bar. We’ve got 10-12 players who could
compete on the world-class level. I
want 23 or more.”
Neville says he expects more
Lionesses matches to be played at
Premier League stadiums and for
them to return to Wembley, as demand
among fans grows. “I think it shows
where the game’s going that we’re now
filling Premier League stadiums,” he
said. “I have fixture meetings all the
time and the picture for the next year
Barwell L Coalville L; Farsley Celtic L Whitby L; Hednesford L
Buxton L; Micklover Sports L Stalybridge L; Shaw Lane L
Altrincham L
Stoke City
Stuart James
been fined over the incident on Easter
Monday, when Stoke’s under-23s
played Aston Villa, and there are
now major doubts as to whether Paul
Lambert will include the forward in his
match-day squad for the visit of Spurs
this weekend. It is understood that
the 24-year-old trained with Stoke’s
younger players yesterday.
Lambert, Stoke’s manager, has been
determined to impose a stricter regime
to try to raise standards at the club.
Berahino, who was signed from West
Bromwich Albion for £12m in January
last year, is understood to have been
reprimanded previously for poor
time-keeping, along with several
other first-team players, as part of the
manager’s crackdown.
Although Lambert has talked highly
of Berahino’s ability and called on
him five times from the bench since
▲ Saido Berahino has been made to
train away from the first-team squad
taking over as manager from Mark
Hughes in January this year, the Scot
has also given the impression that he
has been left deeply frustrated with
him at times.
As well as questioning fitness levels,
Lambert has spoken about the need for
Berahino “to do the right things off the
pitch” and said that the player needs
to “help himself”.
With Stoke second from bottom in
the Premier League table and three
points from safety, they could do
with Berahino rediscovering the sort
of form that led to his being called
into the England squad in 2014 and
prompted Spurs to try to sign him
at the start of the following season.
Berahino, however, is yet to get off
the mark at Stoke and has not scored
since February 2016.
Arizona 3 LA Dodgers 0; Atlanta 7 Washington 1; Detroit P
Kansas City P; Houston 3 Baltimore 2; LA Angels 3 Cleveland 2;
Milwaukee 0 St Louis 6; NY Mets 4 Philadelphia 2;
NY Yankees 7 Tampa Bay 2; Oakland 6 Texas 2; Pittsburgh 3
Minnesota 7; San Diego 2 Colorado 5; San Francisco 10
Seattle 1; Toronto 3 Chicago White Sox 4
Atlanta 86 Miami 115; Detroit 108 Philadelphia 115;
LA Lakers 122 San Antonio 112 (OT); New Orleans 123
Memphis 95; Orlando 105 Dallas 100; Toronto 96 Boston 78
Fixtures (7.45pm unless stated)
Sky Bet Championship
Cardiff v Wolves
Women’s World Cup Qualifying
Group One England v Wales (7pm)
Rugby union
Aviva Premiership
Sale v Wasps
Guinness Pro14
Edinburgh v Ulster (7.35pm); Ospreys v Connacht (7.35pm)
Greene King IPA Championship
Nottingham v Bristol
Rugby league
Betfred Super League
St Helens v Hull
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:47 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 5/4/2018 21:58
Friday 6 April 2018 The Guardian
great leap
into the
third goal
with a
piece of
Europa League quarter-final first leg
Ramsey’s touch of Ronaldo has
purring Arsenal licking their lips
Ramey 9 28, Lacazette 23pen 35
CSKA Moscow
Golovin 15
David Hytner
Emirates Stadium
Aaron Ramsey timed the run to perfection but what he produced next would
go down as the defining image of an
enjoyably serene evening for Arsenal.
Darting onto Mesut Özil’s lofted pass,
Ramsey jumped and, with the outside
of his right boot, flicked a volley over
the CSKA Moscow goalkeeper, Igor
Akinfeev, and into the net.
The moment of magic gave Arsenal
a 3-1 lead after 28 minutes of a quick
and purposeful first-half performance
and set them fair for a place in the
Europa League semi-finals – their shot
at redemption in an endlessly trying
Ramsey had opened the scoring
and things would get even better for
Arsenal. Arsène Wenger had preferred
the fit again Alexandre Lacazette to
Danny Welbeck up front and the
striker, who had scored his team’s
second from the penalty spot, made
it four before half-time with a precision finish.
Wenger had said, with glorious
understatement, that there was
“some extra pressure on the team to
do extremely well in this competition”
but they did not appear to feel it, save
for a little wobble upon Aleksandr
Golovin’s equaliser.
This was a convincing attacking display, underpinned by Özil, who fired
the move for Ramsey’s first goal and
claimed the assist on the other three.
Wenger has never won a European
trophy. He is edging towards a decent
CSKA carried encouraging form to
London. Since the resumption of the
Russian season in mid-February, they
had not experienced defeat. Yet the
Arsenal support had seen them lose at
home and away to Manchester United
in this season’s Champions League
group phase, and at home and away
to Tottenham in last season’s competition. There are no easy games at this
stage. However, the mood had been
that a bad result was unthinkable – for
so many reasons.
The season was on the line once
again for Wenger and his team, and the
manager selected his strongest available side, who included Petr Cech ahead
of the regular cup goalkeeper, David
Ospina. The joke was that Ospina was
told of his ankle injury after training
the day before. The conspiracy theorists were forced to note Ospina was
not on the bench.
Wenger’s team bristled with
Quarter-finals: First leg
(4) 4
Ramsey 9 28
Lacezette 23pen 35
Atlético Madrid
Koke 1
Griezmann 40
(2) 2
CSKA Moscow
Golovin 15
(1) 1
(0) 0
(1) 4 Salzburg
Lulic 8, Parolo 49
Berisha 30pen
Anderson 64, Immobile 76 Minamino 71
(1) 2
RB Leipzig
Werner 45
(0) 0
(1) 1
▲ Atlético Madrid went 1-0 up after
just 22 seconds thanks to Koke
attacking intent and Arsenal started
as though they meant business, with
Henrikh Mkhitaryan banging a shot
into the side-netting and Ramsey seeing a goal disallowed for offside, following Özil’s pass. The decision was
Ramsey would have the ball in
the net for real after 10 minutes. Özil
zipped a pass out wide to Héctor
Bellerín. The right-back’s low cross
was made to measure for Ramsey and
he swept home.
Arsenal were shaky at the back,
leaving spaces and riding their luck,
at times. Ahmed Musa had raced clean
through on five minutes only to be
pulled back by an offside flag, which
looked harsh, while the defending
that prefaced the CSKA equaliser featured a shanked clearance and Laurent
Koscielny bundling into Aleksandr
Golovin on the edge of the area. The
midfielder picked himself up to curl
a precision free-kick into the top corner. For a moment, there was panic
and when Musa beat Granit Xhaka, he
shot wastefully wide of the near post.
Arsenal’s game clicked gloriously
at the other end and the CSKA back
three of the Berezutski twins and
Sergei Ignashevich came to look like
every one of their combined 108 years.
The penalty was a decisive moment.
Özil looked to have overrun the ball
and he was stumbling when Georgy
Schennikov slid in. He got none of
the ball but, after Özil went down, it
still felt like a soft award. Lacazette
finished coolly.
Ramsey’s second was a gem and
that of Lacazette was a nice finish in its
own lower key way. Xhaka fed Özil and
when he crossed, Aleksei Berezutski
stretched, creaked and could not cut it
out. Lacazette took a touch and drove
low past Akinfeev. It might have been
five before the interval but Özil lifted
a shot high from the corner of the six
yard box following Xhaka’s superb ball.
This was Arsenal’s first quarter-final
since 2010, when they lost to Barcelona
in the Champions League, and much
had been made about what kind of
crowd would turn up, after the poor
recent attendances at Premier League
fixtures. The tie was included as part
of the season-ticket packages and,
although there were no-shows, the
empty seats were not too pronounced.
It felt broadly similar to the Milan tie
in the last 16.
Özil was in the mood and it was
one of those nights when he visibly
enjoyed himself, flitting from his starting position on the right to caress a
stream of killer passes. Mkhitaryan
benefitted from one early in the second half only to shoot wide.
Ramsey hunted a hat-trick. He
watched a first-time shot deflect
past the post while he lifted another
over the crossbar. Wilshere looked to
have been fouled inside the area by
Ignashevich but no penalty was given.
Cech; Bellerín•,
Mustafi, Koscielny,
Monreal; Xhaka•,
Ramsey; Özil, Wilshere
(Elneny 75), Mkhitaryan
(Iwobi 61); Lacazette
(Welbeck 74)
Subs not used
Macey, Holding,
Chambers, Kolasinac
Referee Pavel Kralovec (Cz)
CSKA Moscow
Akinfeev•; V Berezutski,
Ignashevich, A Berezutski;
Kuchaev, Natcho
(Milanov 74), Golovin,
Schennikov•; Dzagoev•
(Vitinho 65), Wernbloom,
Musa• (Khosonov 83)
Subs not used
Pomazun, Bistrovic,
Chalov, Zhamaletdinov
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:48 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 5/4/2018 19:37
The Guardian Friday 6 April 2018
City were
rumbled at
Anfield – and
now Guardiola
has to react
▼ Pep Guardiola took an hour to
change a system that was not working
The champions-elect can win
the title tomorrow against
United but they have a lot on
their minds after Liverpool
Paul Wilson
nly four managers
have outwitted
Pep Guardiola this
season, and while
Wigan’s Paul Cook,
Shakhtar Donetsk’s
Paulo Fonseca and Basel’s Raphaël
Wicky were perhaps unexpected
beneficiaries of propitious
circumstances, Jürgen Klopp has
done it twice to order.
The stakes could not have
been much higher than in the last
encounter either, and the emphatic
nature of Liverpool’s win in the
first leg of the Champions League
quarter-final gives some credence
to Klopp’s insistence that but for
Sadio Mané’s unfortunate dismissal
at the Etihad in September,
Manchester City might not have
skewed the balance of this season’s
head-to-head contest in the Premier
League by coasting to a 5-0 victory.
Even taking that result into
account, Klopp has won more
games than he has lost against the
City manager – seven wins and one
draw from 13 meetings – and though
Cook is able to boast an unassailable
100% record through his one-off FA
Cup victory, no regular pitchside
adversary of Guardiola’s can get
anywhere close.
Certainly José Mourinho, whose
often overcooked personal rivalry
with Guardiola was at its peak when
the latter was in charge of Barcelona,
has not succeeded in unnerving the
City manager in the way Klopp has.
When Mourinho brings Manchester
United to the Etihad tomorrow it
will be for his 21st meeting with
a Guardiola team. From the 20
previous games Mourinho has four
victories, with 10 defeats and six
draws. Another defeat in a game that
could see City crowned champions
was widely assumed, though that
was before the Guardiola gameplan
was so spectacularly blown apart
at Anfield.
No one is suggesting for a moment
that Mourinho is likely to copy
Klopp’s tactics against City, with
Romelu Lukaku asked to replicate
Roberto Firmino’s pressing and
movement, though United and their
supporters can only be emboldened
by the way the champions-elect
have faltered right at the moment
when everyone was expecting their
supremacy to be rubber-stamped.
Actually, faltered might not be
a strong enough word. City were
rumbled at Anfield and for a short
time in the first half the elegant
construction that has drawn praise
from all quarters in a seemingly
unstoppable glide towards the title
was rattled in a way that has not
been seen this season.
Klopp was generous in victory,
arguing that City did not play badly
but were not allowed to create their
usual number of chances, and he
had a point. City did not play poorly
by most teams’ standards but by
the benchmark they have set for
themselves, they were terrible.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:49 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Friday 6 April 2018 The Guardian
Sent at 5/4/2018 20:32
Klopp has managed
to unnerve the City
manager in a way
Mourinho has not
been able to match
Even Guardiola left himself
open to criticism. Selecting Ilkay
Gündogan ahead of Raheem
Sterling was a conservative ploy that
Liverpool were able to exploit and
not making changes to the system
until almost an hour had been
played and three goals conceded
was hardly the sort of decisive
interventionism that has earned
the City manager such a cerebral
reputation. Leroy Sané did not have
a bad game, he just found himself
up against an extremely capable
full-back in Trent Alexander-Arnold,
yet long after it had become obvious
that City were not going to get any
joy down the left wing that is where
the ball kept going.
The one opportunity that might
have changed the game fell to Sané
at 1-0, yet in keeping with an evening
of poor decision-making the winger
went for glory, with Kevin De Bruyne
free in support, and failed even to hit
the target. A pass to a better placed
colleague, or just a convincing
shot to work the goalkeeper, and
City might have been back in the
game at 1-1. At the very least they
would have avoided that miserable
statistic of not managing an accurate
attempt on goal all night, and they
could even have come away with the
encouragement an away goal would
have offered.
As it turned out there was
surprisingly little in the way of
encouragement for City. Gabriel
Jesus did not look the answer up
front, where admittedly he was
living on scraps, but he could have
performed his high-pressing duties
more effectively and should have
been able to avoid a late booking.
Nicolás Otamendi seemed to be
affected by the Anfield atmosphere
and reverted to his error-prone
ways of last season while Sterling,
unsurprisingly, was unable to
answer the taunts of the crowd when
he came on late to attempt to rescue
a lost cause.
The question, now that City
have been exposed as light up
front, porous at the back and less
than tigerish in midfield, is not
so much what United will do to
them in the derby but how City
themselves will react. With the
second leg against Liverpool coming
up on Tuesday there is suddenly
no time for celebrating, even if
City win the title against their
neighbours and rivals.
Leroy Sané did not
have any joy down City’s
left against Liverpool’s
Trent Alexander-Arnold
The Liverpool defender
Virgil van Dijk outjumps
Manchester City’s Gabriel
Jesus at Anfield
he likelihood that
has to be faced is
once again going out
of Europe ahead of
schedule – for all his
tremendous Barcelona
record, Guardiola has yet to reach
a Champions League final with
either of his two clubs outside
Spain – and the way City are set
up, indeed the way their manager
thinks, mean even the Premier
League title will be scant consolation
should the European elite go
unchallenged again.
City won the Premier League
under Manuel Pellegrini, after
all. Bayern Munich won three
Bundesliga titles under Guardiola
but it was no more than was
expected. For the very biggest
clubs, which is how City want to
see themselves even if this latest
disappointment suggests they are
still a work in progress, only the
big-eared trophy will do.
Although it is not impossible to
come back from a three-goal deficit,
attempting to do so three days
after playing a derby on which the
domestic title might hinge ups the
ante somewhat, and having to face
Klopp’s Liverpool completes the
tallest of orders.
It has been a while since
Liverpool have been able to regard
themselves as one of the very
biggest clubs, either in terms of
financial resources or consistent
achievement, though evidently their
ability to pack a punch in Europe
remains unchanged. They have
exactly the right manager in place,
enviable support and a bold spirit of
adventure capable of taking them a
long way.
City may be closing in on a third
title in seven years while Anfield
is approaching 30 years in the
wasteland, yet the stern lesson
for the second leg is that when
Liverpool come alive in Europe they
can make even Guardiola and his
players look like wannabes.
Oxlade-Chamberlain praises
‘horrible’ Anfield atmosphere
Andy Hunter
Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain has thanked
Liverpool fans for generating a “horrible” atmosphere for Manchester City and believes it disturbed
Pep Guardiola’s players during the
Champions League quarter-final.
Liverpool have been charged by
Uefa after the City team coach was
damaged outside Anfield before
Wednesday’s kick-off but it was the
noise inside that Oxlade-Chamberlain
has cited as having the greater influence on the first leg.
City’s manager and players were
dismissive of the effect of the Anfield
atmosphere on their performance but
that was contradicted by the England
international. “It was an amazing
atmosphere, the best I’ve ever played
in,” said Oxlade-Chamberlain, who
struck a superb second goal in
Liverpool’s 3-0 victory. “You have
to give credit to the fans because it
is never nice coming to Anfield and
hearing that crowd.
“The fans play a massive part. I’ve
never witnessed anything like that. It
definitely got us going and you could
see that. If you are the away team and
the crowd gets going like that it is horrible. City are an amazing team but they
are only human and you put anyone in
a pressure environment in an atmosphere like that maybe it can disturb
them. It would probably shake anyone
up so you have to give fans credit.”
Oxlade-Chamberlain ranked his
long-range strike past Ederson among
the finest goals of his career but
Police appeal
for bus attack
mobile footage
Paul Wilson
Merseyside police have appealed for
fans with mobile phone footage of the
Manchester City coach being attacked
before the Champions League quarterfinal first leg to make it available in the
hope of identifying culprits who threw
bottles, cans and flares at the bus as it
neared the stadium.
“We know many people were
filming the events and we have made
a dedicated email address available
– – so footage can be reviewed
to help find those responsible,” the
match commander, Supt Paul White,
said. “What should have been a celebratory event for thousands was
spoiled by a small number of people
who threw objects. These actions will
not be tolerated and we will do all in
our power to find those responsible
and put them before the courts.”
As far as City are concerned those
words are a little late. A club spokesman said: “We believe there are ques-
surprisingly, given his contribution in
central midfield, admitted he was dissatisfied with his overall performance.
The 24-year-old said: “The manager
has been pushing me all season and
shouting at me for not taking the game
by the scruff of the neck and providing
those kinds of moments. Slowly it is
starting to pay off and it helps me to
create moments like that.
“My game I wasn’t too happy with.
I could have been better on the ball so
I was a bit disappointed with that and
there are areas I need to improve on
and can improve on.”
Oxlade-Chamberlain insisted there
was no prospect of complacency
creeping into Liverpool’s performance
in the second leg. He also claimed
Jürgen Klopp’s team were ideally
suited to the Champions League and
the latter stages in particular.
“We definitely have qualities that
are suited to this competition,” he
said. “The further you go the better
the teams you play against and you
don’t get many opportunities so you
have to be clinical.”
Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain
scored the second goal in
Liverpool’s 3-0 defeat of City
tions to be asked of Merseyside police
because there were enough warnings.
What happened was avoidable and
Having been made aware of the likelihood of a hostile reception for the
City bus the police changed the normal route as a precaution but allowed
details of the new route to be made
public. Liverpool apologised immediately for the actions of a minority
of their fans and City are not seeking
any further sanctions against the club,
though privately they are understood
to be upset that police could not
manage a basic level of security when
they knew a disturbance was likely.
Uefa was monitoring the situation,
and has opened disciplinary proceedings against Liverpool, charging the
club in relation to the setting off of
fireworks, throwing of objects, acts of
damage and disturbance. The bus had
at least one window smashed en route
to the stadium and was deemed unusable for the return trip. The case will be
dealt with by Uefa’s control, ethics and
disciplinary body next month.
The City coach Manuel Estiarte
posted footage from inside the bus
which shows objects hitting it. “No
words. Unacceptable,” Estiarte wrote.
Footage obtained by the Spanish
television station Gol showed Pep
Guardiola getting off the bus, giving
the thumbs up to stewards and saying
sarcastically in Spanish “thanks for
protecting us” and then “shame”.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:50 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 5/4/2018 21:41
The Guardian Friday 6 April 2018
Golf the Masters
Yesterday at
the Masters
Shot of the day
Phil Mickelson
The 47-year-old left-hander, who
before last month had not won
since the 2013 Open and is trying
to become the oldest ever Masters
champion, holed out from 45ft for
a birdie at the 1st
Quote of the day
 It’s so great to play here, but just
frustrating that I played bad. I wish
I could have played better 
Matt Parziale, a Massachusetts
firefighter and one of six
amateurs in the Augusta National
field, has mixed emotions
after he signed for a nine-over 81
Picture of the day
Jack Nicklaus The honorary starter
casts his legendary shadow as he
tees up during the ceremonial start
Number of the day
Nicklaus and
Player won a
combined nine
not 10 Masters
as announced
by Fred Ridley
Woods remains in hunt but
García implodes at the 15th
One to watch
Adam Hadwin
The 30-yearold proved
his majorhip
pedigree at
the US Open
last year, tying
the record for
birdies. Could
last year’ss
Valspar winner
Canada’s second
n after
the 2003 winner
Mike Weir?
Augusta National
TV Sky Sports Golf (7pm)
Radio BBC 5 Live SX (10pm) Join Scott
Murray for his minute-by-minute
blog on the second day at Augusta
I the land of sporting fairytale, the
sscenario was obvious. The afternoon
starters in this, the opening round
of a feverishly anticipated Masters,
would view the giant scoreboard
from the 1st tee with a sense of resignation. Tiger Woods would dominate a
major championship in a manner once
so customary from the early throes of
his early start.
Even the wild pull with a threewood from the 1st tee did not douse
the excitement attached to the 14-times
major champion. He has a habit, after
all, of bowing to nerves in the first
moments of majors. By the par-five
2nd, as Woods was left with only a midiron second shot into the green, the vast
wave of expectation rose once more.
Harsh realities of golf and life
instead coincided , and sharply.
Woods’s pushing of that approach into
sand proved an indicator of things to
come. Woods – a disjointed, increasingly tetchy Woods – struggled in the
manner once ominous and almost routine as he battled injury. And yet, crucially, the four-times winner battled
over the closing stretch to the point
where he remains a part of this Masters
equation. At Amen Corner, his tournament had threatened to unravel.
An opening round of 73 was far from
ruinous in context of a Thursday on
which scores were curiously high but
this messy showing was not in any-
one’s script. The air of disappointment
was easy to sense around Augusta
National, where Woods has claimed
such a chunk of the day-one galleries
that the remainder of the field enjoyed
relative peace and quiet.
Woods mistimed iron shots with
alarming regularity. He hit a series
of drives so far right as to endanger
▲ Marc Leishman outperformed
Tiger Woods with a first-round 70
patrons on holes he was not even
playing. There was no magical putting touch to offset these shortcomings. Nonetheless, when the round
threatened to run away from Woods,
he hung on; unlikely birdies at the
14th and 16th cancelled out the fact he
played Augusta’s four par fives in even.
“It was up and down for me today,”
he said later. “This is a very bunched
leaderboard and I think it will still be
crowded come the end of the week.”
Woods can take solace from the
fact that his old foe Sergio García was
to endure a far more damaging afternoon. The 2017 champion was not in
particularly strong shape when taking
to the 15th tee at two-over par. Utter
chaos – and record breaking – was to
García found the green-side water
five times, triggering a 13 – two shots
worse than had ever been recorded
on that hole. It also tied the highest
score for any single hole in Masters history. It was the kind of episode which,
if a football score, would require
vidiprinter brackets.
The Spaniard named his recently
born daughter Azalea after Augusta
National’s iconic 13th. Needless to say,
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:51 Edition Date:180406 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 5/4/2018 21:41
Friday 6 April 2018 The Guardian
Tiger Woods
plays his third
shot out of a
bunker at the
2nd hole during
a one-over-par
round of 73
at Augusta
H Stenson Swe
M Leishman Aus
Z Johnson US
B Wiesberger Aut
S Kodaira Jpn
V Singh Fij
T Fleetwood Eng
F Molinari It
K Stanley US
B Grace SA
B Watson US
T Potter Jr US
D Berger US
J Dufner US
P Perez US
B Harman US
H Matsuyama Jpn
T Woods US
P Casey Eng
M Kaymer Ger
JM Olazábal Sp
J Thomas US
Firethorn will not feature in a list of
options for number two. García closed
with an 81 which leaves him with serious work to do if this defence is to survive past 36 holes. Had he not already
won a Green Jacket, this was the kind
of freak chapter which could define a
player’s career.
Henrik Stenson strode from the
18th green in far more upbeat form.
The Swede’s dismal Masters record is
perhaps linked to attitude. He appears
of a mind to be aggressive rather than
overly respectful this week; his threeunder 69 endorsed such an approach.
Any sense that Marc Leishman
would wilt in the midst of the Tiger
circus always looked iff y. The Australian is not only one of the finest
iron players on the PGA Tour, he also
remains one of the most unflappable.
Leishman swings with such a blissful
simplicity that it is hard to pinpoint
where technical shortcomings could
arise. Leishman and Tommy Fleetwood
were actually complimented by being
drawn alongside Woods but the scale
of attention as attached represented a
significant challenge.
The 34-year-old Australian has an
odd relationship with the Masters.
O the Tiger’s trail
Andy Bull at Augusta National
Early first-round scores
▲ Sergio García looks at the water
during his nightmare at the 15th
Alongside three missed cuts is a share
of 43rd and a fourth place, claimed
when his compatriot Adam Scott won
the Green Jacket in 2013. Leishman
had played superbly when marching to four-under par and the summit
of the leaderboard after 14 holes. He
was to find water at the par-five 15th,
undermining earlier and stellar work.
Leishman’s 70 outscored Woods and
was notably for a stunning approach
to the 18th after he had found trees
on the right from the tee. Fleetwood
dropped a shot at the last, meaning a
level-par 72. Paul Casey appeared to be
in physical discomfort at times when
en route to a two-over 74.
Bernd Wiesberger hit a 70, after
which he explained why scoring
remained far from spectacular on a
benign day. “There are definitely a
couple of opportunities out there,
but then again you need to be really
careful with some of the pins,” the
Austrian said. “Some have changed
from the previous first rounds here at
the Masters.”
B DeChambeau US
W Bryan US
A Cook US
R Moore US
days are gone
but the grand master
sstill wields his magic
J Day Aus
M Fitzpatrick Eng
D Willett Eng
P Kizzire US
B Steele US
D Redman US
M Weir Can
K Chappell US
D Frittelli SA
J Vegas Col
M O’Meara US
I Woosnam Wal
K Aphibarnrat Tha
S García Sp
M Parziale US
Henrik Stenson
shot a three-under
69 on day one
H Ellis Eng
Second-round tee-times
(all times BST; US unless stated; *denotes amateur)
C Reavie, B Horschel, C Smith (Aus)
S Lyle (Sco), Kim S-w (Kor), D Ghim*
I Poulter (Eng), T Immelman (SA), P Cantlay
A Cabrera (Arg), R Fisher (Eng), J Walker
F Couples, Li H (Chn), J Niemann* (Chl)
L Mize, R Henley, S Sharma (Ind)
T Finau, B Langer (Ger), Y Ikeda (Jpn)
C Schwartzel (SA), W Simpson, Lin Y* (Chn)
K Kisner, T Pieters (Bel), X Schauffele
G Woodland, Y Miyazato (Jpn), T Hatton (Eng)
P Mickelson, R Fowler, M Kuchar
A Scott (Aus), R McIlroy (NI), J Rahm (Sp)
J Spieth, A Noren (Swe), L Oosthuizen (SA)
J Rose (Eng), D Johnson, R Cabrera Bello (Sp)
T Potter Jr, A Cook, W Bryan
I Woosnam (Wal), R Moore, J Vegas (Ven)
B Steele, M Weir (Can), M Parziale*
J-M Olazábal (Sp), K Chappell, D Frittelli (SA)
B DeChambeau, B Wiesberger (Aut), M Fitzpatrick (Eng)
M O’Meara, B Harman, H Ellis (Eng)*
S Kodaira (Jpn), V Singh (Fij), D Berger
K Aphibarnrat (Tha), P Perez, F Molinari (It)
D Willett (Eng), K Stanley, J Dufner
H Matsuyama (Jpn), P Kizzire, P Casey (Eng)
Z Johnson, M Kaymer (Ger), B Grace (SA)
T Woods, M Leishman (Aus), T Fleetwood (Eng)
S García (Sp), J Thomas, D Redman*
B Watson, H Stenson (Swe), J Day (Aus)
P Reed, C Hoffman, A Hadwin (Can)
t was a chilly morning in Augusta, or what passes
for it in these parts. The kind of day when you can
spot the tourists because they are the only ones
sporting shorts, all the locals throw doubting
looks at anyone brave enough to come without a
jacket. Tiger Woods played like he felt the cold in
h limbs, a little stiff and creaky in his first competitive
here since 2015. By the time he made the turn,
t sun was out and weather hot, but he still had not
up. Anything but. His game froze up around
Corner, where he hit more patrons than made
Which meant the people in the front row got to
s plenty of him. Maybe more than they’d have liked.
There was a hint of what was to come in Woods’s
opening tee-shot, when he pulled his three-wood wide
left into the gallery so his ball landed in pine needles
beneath the trees. Just like the very first shot he hit in
his first professional round here, in 1997. That year he
covered the front nine in a four-over-par 40. This time
he scrambled round in 37, one over. There was a single
birdie, when he raked a fine, flat tee-shot right up to the
bottom of the slope at the 3rd green, chipped up and
made the putt. The roar for that carried right around
Augusta. But it was the only one he got all morning.
Woods dropped a shot at the next hole when his
tee-shot, hard at the flag, landed in the sand. It was a
still day. But he caught one of the odd little gusts that
did flare up and his ball flopped down in the front
bunker. He blasted out too hard, well past and missed
the putt coming back. He was in the bunker again at
the 5th after a poor tee-shot. And then he took three
putts to finish. Which meant back-to-back bogeys, so
he was one-over. He should have pulled a shot back at
the 6th, but he missed his birdie putt from seven feet.
By then his partner, Marc Leishman, was two-under.
Which became three-under at the 7th. Leishman, a
34-year-old Australian from a country town called
Warrnambool, is the kind of straightforward guy who
doesn’t much mind who he is playing with or how
many people are watching. He just keeps grinding
away. By the time he had made it around Amen Corner
he was four-under, and leading the tournament,
though a double bogey on 15 knocked him down again.
y then Woods was going backwards, too
– every which way, in fact, but the one he
wanted. His tee-shot on 11 flew far right,
and his second squirted into the crowd. On
12, his tee-shot fell short and fetched up
in Rae’s Creek. He took a drop and made
a fine putt from the fringe. So that was another brace
of back-to-back bogeys. On 13 he was back in the trees,
and then in the crowd again. He escaped with a brilliant
pitch in to the green, but then missed his birdie putt. It
was sloppy stuff. “Up and down” was how he put it.
Strange thing is, the one clear advantage Woods
has is how well he knows this course, after 23 years of
playing here. He is supposed to know where to miss.
You would not have known it watching him on the
15th, where he sliced his first shot so far right that he
ended up playing off the 17th, and pulled his second so
far left that he was almost back on the 13th again. Call
it the scenic route. He got down in five, which meant
he played all four of the par-fives in level par. He said
himself that they were the difference to his round. “If
I’d just played the par-fives better, I’d be right up there.”
Either side of that zig-zag at the 15th, though, Woods
made birdies at the 14th and the 16th. Which meant he
was one-over, five shots off the lead at the time and still
in it. He did a lot of dirty work on the way, rather than
the magical stuff everyone had been hoping to see. But
then his fairytale days are well behind him. Whatever
else he does this week, none of it is going to come easy.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:52 Edition Date:180406 Edition:03 Zone:
Sent at 6/4/2018 0:21
Tiger fails to fire
‘The sun was out
at the turn but Woods
had not warmed up’
▲ Tiger Woods
tips his cap at
the 18th after
his first round
at the Masters
since 2015 and
in which he
finished with
a one-over-par
score of 73
Sports newspaper of the year
The Guardian
Friday 6 April 2018
Andy Bull Page 51 Arsenal
CSKA Moscow
Ramsey 9 28
Lacazette 23 35
▲ Alexandre Lacazette scores the first
of his two goals from the penalty spot
Gunners give
CSKA full blast
Ramsey wonder
goal puts
Arsenal firmly
on course for
Page 47 Pep’s
What went
wrong for
City and
can they
flop but
finds way
to podium
Page 48
Games Page 42
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