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The Guardian - April 13, 2018

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Section:GDN 1N PaGe:1 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:S
Sent at 12/4/2018 21:04
cYanmaGentaYellowb
Times move pretty fast
Watching 80s movies
in the age of #MeToo

G2 Film&Music
Friday
13 April 2018
Issue № 53,382
Manic Street
Preachers
£2.00
On Corbyn, Cardiff & coming back
Drinking
will shorten
your life,
study finds
Sarah Boseley
Health editor
Cliff Richard
Legal battle with
BBC over privacy
begins Page 13 ▲ The singer is seeking damages at the high court over the corporation’s coverage of a police raid on his home in 2014 PHOTOGRAPH: RICK FINDLER/STORY PICTURE AGENCY
Path clear for military
action as cabinet backs
May over Syria crisis
•
Pippa Crerar
Heather Stewart
Julian Borger Washington
The cabinet yesterday gave unanimous backing to Theresa May’s
warning that Syria’s use of chemical
weapons could not go unchallenged,
clearing the way for British participation in military action.
With discussions between the UK
and the US continuing last night, May
was expected to speak to President
Trump about the next steps before a
possible strike, while the French president, Emmanuel Macron, pointed the
finger directly at the Assad regime.
As talks between the three countries continued, Downing Street said
senior ministers agreed it was “highly
likely” that the Syrian government
was responsible for the “shocking
and barbaric” gas attack on the rebelheld town of Douma, which killed up
to 75 people.
At a two-hour meeting, the cabinet backed plans to take further
action – along with the US and France
– to prevent Assad’s forces from ever
launching such an “appalling and
inhumane” onslaught again.
With May still understood to be
ready to push on with coordinated
military action without consulting
parliament, the cabinet’s backing is
thought to be adequate political cover
for participation.
There were some signs of caution in
Washington, where the defence secretary, James Mattis, said the search
for evidence of the perpetrator of the
attack was still continuing and added
that his main concern about a military
response was how to stop it “escalating out of control”.
However, Macron said yesterday his
government had evidence that Assad’s
government was responsible.
The French president said one of
his aims in Syria was to “remove the
regime’s chemical attack capabilities” once all information had been
checked. But he repeated that he
wanted to also avoid “an escalation”.
In London, cabinet ministers
emerged tight-lipped from the unusually long meeting as No 10

10 awaited the next move
Drinking will shorten your life, according to a major new study that suggests
every glass of wine or pint of beer over
the daily recommended limit will cut
half an hour from the expected lifespan of a 40-year-old.
Those who think a glass of red wine
every evening will help keep the heart
healthy will be dismayed. The paper
in the Lancet says five standard 175ml
glasses of wine or five pints a week is
the upper safe limit – about 100g of
alcohol, or 12.5 units in total. More
than that raises the risk of stroke,
fatal aneurysm (a ruptured artery in
the chest) and heart failure.
The risks for a 40-year-old of drinking over the recommended daily limit
were comparable to smoking, said one
leading scientist. “Above two units a
day, the death rates steadily climb,”
said David Spiegelhalter, Winton professor for the public understanding of
risk at the University of Cambridge.
Drinking does reduce the chance of
a non-fatal heart attack but,
7 
said Angela Wood, from the
‘Rivers of
blood’ speech
Broadcaster
under fire over
Enoch Powell
recitation
Calls for Radio 4
to cancel show
that will analyse
anti-immigration
speech on 50th
6
anniversary

Section:GDN 1N PaGe:2 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 12/4/2018 20:28
cYanmaGentaYellowbl
•
Inside
Friday 13 April 2018
The Guardian Friday 13 April 2018
News
▼ At the last count, 82 ‘ghost wards’
were recorded containing 1,429 empty
beds, equivalent to two hospitals
PHOTOGRAPH: PETER BYRNE/PA
National Pages 5-23
Science Not-for-profit group launches affordable
drug to treat hepatitis C | Page 7
Crime Submachine gun seized as police arrest nine in
crackdown on gang violence | Page 15
Inquiry Former Rochdale council leader lied
to us, child abuse report concludes | Page 21
Heritage Remains of the poet Coleridge
found laid down in wine cellar | Page 22
World Pages 25-32
Silence breaker Uber engineer turned
accidental celebrity takes up new fight | Page 29
Scores of ‘ghost wards’ in
hospitals due to NHS crisis
Electrifying! Sweden unveils world’s first road
that charges electric cars as they go along | Page 31
Denis Campbell
Fake news State TV pumped out propaganda
in runup to Hungarian elections | Page 25
Health policy editor
Financial Pages 33-37
Aviation British Airways firm has eye on rival
transatlantic carrier | Page 33
Economics OECD urges use of inheritance
tax to narrow the wealth gap | Page 34
Journal Centre section
UK immigration is a
cruel system designed
esigned to
rob citizens of their
heir
Britishness
Gary Younge
Page 1
Spare me these sob
stories about the rugby
misogynists
Suzanne Moore
Page 3
G2 Centre section, tucked inside Journal
Still raving Tony Naylor meets DJs who are
still on the club circuit in middle age | Page 9
Comedy rap Roland Rat, Honey G … why does
hip-hop so often get played for laughs? | Page 10
0
Sport Back section
Commonwealth Games Despair for Hughes as
200m gold run ends in disqualification | Page 42
Grand National Your essential guide to the
runners and riders at Aintree | Page 44
Puzzles G2, page 16 | Journal, page 12
Contact
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No. 53,382, Friday 13 April 2018. Registered as a
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Hospitals are mothballing scores of
wards, closing them to patients despite
the NHS’s ongoing beds crisis, new
figures reveal.
At the last count, in September, 82
“ghost wards” were recorded containing 1,429 empty beds, the equivalent
of two hospitals, according to data
provided by hospital trusts across England. It represents a sharp rise on the 32
wards and 502 beds unused four years
earlier, statistics obtained under freedom of information laws show.
The closures, often a result of hospitals not having enough staff or money,
have occurred when the health service
is under unprecedented pressure and
struggling to cope with demand.
Doctors’ leaders reacted with disbelief to the revelations, which come
after the NHS endured its toughest
winter for many years, during which
many hospitals ran out of beds.
“Given the pressures on the whole
system, which suggest the NHS is
5,000 beds short of what it needed this
winter, [this situation] is amazing and
is almost always caused by not having
enough money or staff,” said Dr Nick
Scriven, the president of the Society
for Acute Medicine.
This winter there was widespread
The longest time any single bed had
remained in a ‘mothballed’ ward
was 3,340 days
0
500
1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000
Norfolk comm. health & care NHS trust
Nottingham Uni hospitals NHS trust
N Linc. and Goole NHS found. trust
N Tees and Hartlepool NHS found. trust
Northern Devon healthcare NHS trust
Source: Labour research
There were at least 1,429 unused
beds in NHS wards as of
1 September 2017
1,400
1,200
1,000
800
600
400
200
0
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
Source: Labour research
Note: Data as of 1 September each year
Majority of voters now ‘back tax
rises to bolster health service’
Anne Perkins
Deputy political editor
Voters are ready by nearly two to one
to pay more tax to bolster the NHS,
according to a large face-to-face survey
that recorded the biggest-ever shift of
opinion on the issue.
The poll, carried out by the
respected British Social Attitudes
research centre before the winter crisis
struck the health service in November,
recorded a jump from 41% support for
higher taxes in 2014 to 61% at the end
of last year. An even higher proportion,
nearly nine in 10 people, thought there
was a funding crisis.
It also found a matching change in
opinions about the quality of NHS care,
with nearly three times as many saying
healthcare was declining, with most
expecting it to get worse still.
Theresa May has promised higher
funding for the health service, but
not until after a spending review this
autumn. At present estimates, the
NHS in England alone will be £900m in
deficit by the end of this year, and Jeremy Hunt, the health and social care
secretary, is calling for a 10-year pay
settlement as part of a push for a significant increase in spending.
Concern about the NHS ranks with
Brexit as one of the two biggest worries
for voters. There is widespread consensus that more money must be
found, and there has been a growing
debate about the best way of doing it –
with opinion divided between raising
income tax, raising national insurance
or bringing in a dedicated NHS tax.
alarm that the NHS’s policy of constantly cutting beds had gone too
far, with A&E units full of patients
on trolleys and people being looked
after by paramedics in ambulances.
Bed occupancy ran at 95% for much
of December, January and February –
far above the 85% “safe” level.
Jonathan Ashworth, the shadow
health secretary, who obtained the
figures, demanded that ministers
investigate why so many hospitals
are using a practice he called a scandal.
“We’ve just had doctors warning that the ‘winter crisis’ is likely to
stretch into the summer and now our
research reveals the extent to which
beds that could be used to care for sick
patients have been locked away. Given
Tory ministers have allowed 14,500
beds to be cut from the NHS in the past
eight years, to now learn that wards
and beds have been left empty and
unused is a scandal,” said Ashworth.
Chronic staff shortages and the NHS
budget squeeze are forcing hospitals to
shut beds, Scriven said. “These findings will not surprise any clinical staff
in the NHS. It reflects issues around
staffing hospitals safely – in any equation the biggest cost is staff. ”
North Tees and Hartlepool NHS
foundation trust said a lack of staff
meant it had nine wards comprising
270 beds lying empty in 2014, 2015,
2016 and 2017 – the highest number
in England. Overall 92.7% of its beds
were occupied last winter. Last September one of its nine wards had been
mothballed for 1,460 days – four years.
Dr Chaand Nagpaul, the chair of
council at the British Medical Association, said: “At a time when patients are
facing unacceptably long waits to be
seen and the indignity of being treated
in hospital corridors, it is illogical for
hospitals to have extra beds available
but also unavailable, because they
have been taken out of use. ”
Chris Hopson, the chief executive of
NHS Providers, which represents hospital trusts, said: “Funding and staffing
constraints mean it isn’t always possible to keep beds open.”
The Department of Health and
Social Care said: “It is misleading to
say hospital beds are being mothballed – trusts control the number of
beds to meet demand and that’s why
they were able to open 3,000 more at
peak periods this winter.”
The poll comes as the latest figures for waits in NHS accident and
emergency showed another fall in
the numbers treated within the fourhour target time, with the number
of patients waiting more than a year
for treatment over 2,000 for the first
time in more than five years, and the
18-week target for planned treatment
missed for the second year in a row.
An unprecedented cross-party alliance of senior MPs, including the chair
of the health committee, Dr Sarah Wollaston, has asked for NHS funding to be
taken out of party politics altogether.
In an unusual move, the appeal,
which was launched at the end
of March, was backed by Sir Nick
Macpherson, the former permanent
secretary at the Treasury, who supports a hypothecated NHS tax.
The survey also found that more
than half of Conservative voters who
took part backed a tax rise to pay for
the health service, up from 33% in
2014; support among Labour party
voters stood at 68% in 2017.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:3 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 12/4/2018 20:29
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•
Friday 13 April 2018 The Guardian
News
3
▼ Penélope Cruz and Javier Bardem,
who star in the thriller Everybody
Knows, released at the Cannes festival
PHOTOGRAPH: PR
Comings and goings
Netflix is out but several
notable newcomers are in
S
After Weinstein:
only three women
make Palme d’Or
lineup at Cannes
Gwilym Mumford
The first Cannes film festival since the
Harvey Weinstein scandal and the rise
of the #MeToo movement was criticised yesterday after it emerged that
only three female directors were in the
running for the prestigious Palme d’Or
prize – no more than last year.
Thierry Frémaux, the festival’s
director, called the sexual allegations
against Weinstein, a regular attender
at the festival in previous years, “an
earthquake”, as the 18 films in the running for the top prize were revealed.
But he said the quality of the work, not
gender quotas, was the top factor in
the selections.
Among the nominees are films by
Spike Lee, Jean-Luc Godard, and Paweł
Pawlikowski. Three female directors Nadine Labaki, Alice Rohrwacher and
Eva Husson – are on the list.
Last year, the jury member Jessica
Chastain criticised the festival when
only three films by female directors
were nominated. Only one female
director has won the top prize: Jane
Campion for The Piano, in 1993.
Frémaux said that after the Weinstein scandal “the world was not the
same any more”. But he added: “The
movies we selected have been chosen
for their intrinsic qualities. There will
never be a positive discrimination.”
Although Frémaux said he recognised the importance of the #MeToo
and Time’s Up movements, he said
the selection process for the festival should not include gender quotas
and that all the female directors he had
spoken to had agreed with that.
Melissa Silverstein, founder of
activist group Women and Hollywood
said that Cannes needed to do more to
promote female film-makers.
She said: “The Cannes film festival
is arguably the most important film
event in the film world outside the
Oscars. When we don’t have enough
women-directed films in the line-up
the message received is that women
are not good enough. If you pay attention to the film community, all around
us, the conversation is shifting, and
people are pushing for inclusion. It
would be great if the Cannes film festival was a part of that.”
Frémaux said the festival would
seek to change policies in regard to
gender equality. “We will discuss
equality of salary. We want to question our own process about the parity
of the juries.”
He also noted that this year’s festival jury, led by Cate Blanchett, would
feature more women than men.
Godard’s film Le Livre d’Image is
a video essay in the style of many of
his recent works, while Pawlikowski’s
Cold War tells the story of a romance
set across multiple countries in the
1950s. Lee, meanwhile, will debut
BlacKkKlansman, a crime drama
about an African American man who
infiltrates a Ku Klux Klan chapter; it is
likely to be among the most provocative films in this year’s competition.
The trio are joined in the race for the
Palme d’Or by directors from Egypt,
Japan, Lebanon, South Korea and
China. Also included in the official
selection are films by two dissident
directors who have been in conflict
with the governments of their homelands: Jafar Panahi, banned from
leaving his native Iran, will debut
Three Faces, while the Russian director Kirill Serebrennikov, who has
been under house arrest since 2010
‘Without enough
films directed by
women, the message
is women are not
good enough’
Melissa Silverstein
Women and Hollywood founder
over fraud charges, will debut Leto,
a drama about the underground rock
and roll scene in Soviet Russia.
Frémaux urged Russia and Iran to
let the directors attend the event.
The festival gets a genuine blockbuster in the form of Solo: A Star Wars
Story, but new releases from Lars von
Trier, Mike Leigh, and Terry Gilliam,
are not appearing in the competition,
while the official selection features a
lack of women directors in its line-up.
Another Iranian director, Asghar
Farhardi, will open the festival with
his film Everybody Knows, a thriller
that stars Penélope Cruz and Javier
Bardem. David Robert Mitchell moves
from horror (It Follows) to film noir
with Under the Silver Lake, which stars
Andrew Garfield. Matteo Garrone,
director of Gomorrah, and Tale of
Tales, will present his “urban western” Dogman.
Wim Wenders, meanwhile, will
appear out of competition with Pope
Francis: A Man of His Word, a behindthe-scenes documentary about the
pontiff ’s time as head of the Catholic
church, and Christopher Nolan will
present a special 70mm screening of
2001: A Space Odyssey.
One name that will be absent from
this year’s line-up is Netflix, with the
company’s chief content officer, Ted
Sarandos, announcing this week that
none of its films would be screening
at the festival.
The move comes in response to a
ruling by Cannes that demands all
films competing for prizes at the festival get a full theatrical release. Despite
the impasse, Frémaux said that Netflix
remained “welcome in Cannes”. He
said: “We have an ongoing debate. We
want to tell Ted [Sarandos] to come,
let’s keep talking.”
The Cannes film festival will be held
from 8 to 19 May.
ome mixed signals
with the traditional
unveiling of the Cannes
film festival’s official
selection: a very lively
and effervescent list, with
eight newcomers in competition
and plenty of big names sidelined.
No Mike Leigh, and no Claire Denis,
although their new films may not be
ready – or they may in fact be added
in the next few days.
But there are some notable
entries from the silverback gorillas
of the auteur big league, including
Jean-Luc Godard and Spike
Lee. The new Star Wars episode
will provide a little pop-culture
confectionery – and perhaps there
will be stormtroopers roaming the
Croisette, as there were the last time
a Star Wars movie was presented at
Cannes.
Wim Wenders is in the special
screenings sidebar with his
documentary Pope Francis: A
Man Of His Word, although His
Holiness is not expected to make an
appearance on the red carpet.
This is the first Cannes lineup
since the explosion of #MeToo
and #TimesUp, when the festival’s
director, Thierry Frémaux,
announced his “consternation” at
the revelations about the Cannes
habitué Harvey Weinstein. But with
15 male and three female directors in
competition, the festival isn’t taking
obvious steps along the “diversity”
route being suggested elsewhere.
Frémaux has announced that
“there will never be a selection with
positive discrimination” – although
“positive discrimination” is not
precisely what campaigners are
arguing for.
The other issue is, of course, the
Netflix controversy: last year the
French industry was furious that
Netflix films were allowed into
competition despite not showing in
French cinemas; this year Cannes
barred them from competing, with
the result that Netflix has declined
to enter any of its films in the noncompetitive strands, including its
much-anticipated restoration of
Orson Welles’s The Other Side of the
Wind — a big blow to cinephiles.
The festival has, perhaps
unfortunately, combined the
announcement about the Netflix
absence with its announcement
about selfies being banned on
the red carpet this year. It creates
the inadvertent impression that
Cannes considers Netflix and selfies
to be all just part of the vulgar
new media world that the festival
wishes to rise above.
Peter Bradshaw
▲ The US director Spike Lee, who
is one of the big hitters at Cannes
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:4 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 12/4/2018 17:09
•
National
‘Missing mama’? Soldiers in
Belgium to sleep at home
Daniel Boffey
Brussels
The Belgian army has been criticised
over plans to allow homesick new
recruits to sleep at home rather than
in barracks, as it battles a recruitment
crisis. The 28,000-strong army has
The Guardian Friday 13 April 2018
suffered from a large number of new
troops quitting because they miss
friends and family.
With a high attrition rate among
older soldiers adding to the defence
ministry’s woes, the army is examining whether to lift its boarding
requirements for recruits during initial
training. Alex Claesen, a spokesman
for the ministry, told the Belgian newspaper Het Nieuwsblad that the army
was responding to modern lifestyles.
“The army wants to include more
free evenings where the recruits can
leave the barracks. The youngsters are
still expected at the gate on Sunday
evening or at the latest Monday
morning and are not allowed to go
outside before Friday,” he said.
“We are also looking into extending the free weekend. The army is
even studying whether the boarding
regime can be relaxed or even lifted.
Then the recruits who live near the
military school or the barracks can go
home in the evening.”
Belgium has come under criticism
in recent years over its failure to live
up to its Nato commitment to spend
2% of GDP on defence. It spends 0.9%,
of which 75% goes on personnel and
pension costs.
The defence ministry has been on
a recruitment drive, but it has been a
hard sell because of pension changes,
poor job prospects on leaving the army
and a demand for soldiers to patrol the
streets of Belgium’s major cities under
a counter-terrorism operation.
Danny Lams, a former paratrooper
who chairs a veterans’ organisation
representing Ostend and the areas bordering the Netherlands, condemned
the army’s plans to allow soldiers to
sleep at home. “That’s how you grow
a defence of nothing, an army that you
cannot count on. You do not go to a war
zone with men who miss their mama,”
he said.
“We used to sleep on the cold
ground under a leaky tarpaulin. We
wanted to serve our country. The
military will soon ask for a mobile
home if they are sent to the front.”
PHOTOGRAPH: ALAMY
4
cYanmaGentaYellowbl
▲ Tiantian’s parents were due to undergo IVF in 2013 when they died in a crash
Baby boy born in
China four years
after his parents
died in car crash
Lily Kuo and AFP
Beijing
The child of parents who died more
than four years ago has been born to
a surrogate mother, according to Chinese media.
Shen Jie and Liu Xi had been married for two years when they decided
to try in vitro fertilisation. In March
2013, five days before they were scheduled to transplant one of the fertilised
embryos, they died in a car accident in
the coastal province of Jiangsu. For the
next three years, their parents fought
for the rights to four frozen embryos
in a complicated and unprecedented
legal case, according to the Beijing
News.
They finally won custody of the
embryos, but because surrogacy is illegal in China they were then faced with
the challenge of taking the embryos
out of the country and finding a surrogate mother. In January 2017, with
the help of an underground surrogacy
agency, they drove to Laos.
“First we thought of using air
freight, but none of the airlines were
willing to take the thermos-sized
bottle of liquid nitrogen where the four
embryos were stored,” Liu Baojun, a
surrogacy expert who assisted the
families, said. The families decided to
transport the embryos by road to Laos,
where commercial surrogacy is legal.
The next problem was getting the
baby back into China. The Laotian
surrogate mother arrived on a tourist visa and the families arranged for
her to give birth at a private hospital
in Guangzhou. Shen and Liu’s baby,
a boy, was born in December. He was
kept in the hospital for 15 days, until
all four grandparents gave blood and
DNA tests, establishing the baby was
their grandson and that both parents
were Chinese nationals.
Liu’s mother, Hu Xinxian, gave the
baby the name Tiantian, or “sweet”.
She told the Beijing News: “Tiantian’s
eyes look like my daughter’s, but overall he looks more like his father.”
Shen Xinan, Tiantian’s paternal
grandfather, said that until Tiantian is
older they will tell him his parents are
overseas. “This boy is destined to be
sad on his arrival into the world. Other
babies have their fathers and mothers,
but he doesn’t. We will definitely tell
him in the future. How can we not?”
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:5 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
cYanmaGentaYellowbl
•
Friday 13 April 2018 The Guardian
Immigration policy
Ex-Commonwealth
citizens ‘discarded’
Page 16
Sent at 12/4/2018 19:09
Building blocks
How did Giant’s
Causeway form?
Page 14
5
GCHQ chief
condemns
‘reckless’
Kremlin
Ewen MacAskill
Intelligence correspondent
The director of the UK surveillance
agency GCHQ, Jeremy Fleming, has
abandoned its usual caution to publicly accuse the Kremlin of reckless and
unacceptable behaviour over the Salisbury nerve agent attack.
He was speaking in Manchester
before the release of the results of an
investigation by the Organisation for
the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
into the attack. He also made a reference to “use of chemical weapons in
Syria”, without adding the “alleged”
caveat used by the government.
In his first public appearance after
more than two decades as an intelligence officer, Fleming said the
Salisbury attack on the Skripals was
“sobering”. “It demonstrates how
reckless Russia is prepared to be,
how little the Kremlin cares for the
international rules-based order, how
comfortable they are at putting ordinary lives at risk.”
Fleming indicated he anticipated a
long confrontation with Russia, saying
GCHQ’s expertise would be in increasing demand. Hinting at possible
retaliatory action, he said GCHQ was
developing a toolkit, including cyberoffensive capabilities, and boasted of
how GCHQ had used cyber-offensive
tools to defeat Islamic State online.
“We may look to deny service, disrupt a specific online activity, deter
an individual or a group or perhaps
destroy equipment and networks.”
He was more emphatic in attributing blame for the Salisbury attack than
Theresa May, who has tended to say
only that Russia is “highly likely” to
have been behind it rather than citing the Kremlin directly. The British
case against Russia is based partly
on undisclosed intelligence. GCHQ,
along with its US counterpart, the NSA,
closely monitors Russian government
communications.
Fleming said the robust response
from the UK and the international
community to the Skripal case “shows
the Kremlin that illegal acts have
consequences”.
Fleming was addressing a National
Cyber Security Centre conference.
▲ Jeremy Fleming speaking at the
Manchester conference yesterday
Skripals were poisoned by
novichok, independent
chemical experts confirm
Patrick Wintour
Diplomatic editor
The international chemical weapons
watchdog has backed Britain’s findings on the identity of the chemical
used to poison the former Russian spy
Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia
in Salisbury.
The findings by the Organisation for
the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
will be a major relief to the UK, which
has said novichok, a military-grade
nerve agent developed by Russia, was
used in the attack.
The executive summary released
by the OPCW does not mention novichok by name, but states: “The results
of the analysis by the OPCW-designated laboratories of environmental
and biomedical samples collected by
the OPCW team confirm the findings
of the United Kingdom relating to the
identity of the toxic chemical that was
used in Salisbury and severely injured
three people.”
The OPCW, which does identify
the chemical by its complex formula
in a classified report that has not been
made public, also notes in its summary
that the substance had an “almost
complete absence” of impurities.
Britain has called for a UN security
council meeting on the findings. The
foreign secretary, Boris Johnson, said
in a statement: “There can be no doubt
what was used and there remains no
alternative explanation about who
was responsible – only Russia has the
means, motive and record.
“We will now work tirelessly with
our partners to help stamp out the grotesque use of weapons of this kind and
we have called a session of the OPCW
executive council next Wednesday to
discuss next steps. The Kremlin must
give answers.”
The Skripals were found collapsed
on a park bench in Salisbury on
4 March. A police officer, DS Nick Bailey, who was among the first at the
scene, was also taken to hospital but
discharged on 22 March.
The government’s position is that
it is highly likely the Russian state targeted the Skripals with a nerve agent,
which military experts at Porton Down
identified as novichok.
Russia has vehemently denied
involvement and waged a propaganda battle to try to discredit Britain’s
account of the attack, which prompted
an international row resulting in the
expulsions of diplomats from all sides.
Responding to the OPCW summary
‘There can be no
doubt what was
used and who was
responsible. Only
Russia has the means,
motive and record’
Boris Johnson
Foreign secretary
▲ Emergency services in biohazard
suits near the scene where Sergei and
Yulia Skripal were found in Salisbury
PHOTOGRAPH: BEN STANSALL/AFP
yesterday, a Russian foreign ministry
spokeswoman, Maria Zakharova, told
a briefing: “There are no grounds to
believe that all this is not a continuation of the crude provocation against
the Russian Federation by the security
services of Britain.”
Zakharova also accused Britain of
intentionally spreading disinformation and propaganda, and reiterated
the Russian position that it will not
accept any conclusions from the report
unless it has full access to investigation data.
At the request of the British government, experts from the OPCW carried
out an independent investigation. The
OPCW technical secretariat, based in
the Hague, handed its report to British
officials on Wednesday.
The OPCW does not have the power
to identify the source of the nerve
agent, only to spell out its chemical
properties. It is standard OPCW procedure not to identify the laboratories
involved in testing the samples. The
organisation draws from a multilaterally agreed list of laboratories.
In a statement released by the Met
on her behalf on Wednesday, Yulia
Skripal said she did not wish to take up
the offer of services from the Russian
embassy in London. The statement
said she and her father remained
seriously ill and that Yulia was still
suffering the effects of the nerve agent.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:6 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 12/4/2018 19:10
•
6
cYanmaGentaYellowbl
The Guardian Friday 13 April 2018
National
▼ Enoch Powell speaking on race
relations at the Conservative party
conference in Blackpool in 1968
PHOTOGRAPH: DENNIS HART/REX/SHUTTERSTOCK
Anger at BBC plans to air
Powell’s anti-immigrant
‘rivers of blood’ speech
Mark Sweney
The BBC has come under attack over
plans to air a full recitation of Enoch
Powell’s infamous “rivers of blood”
speech, with a Labour peer writing to
Ofcom about the broadcast and one
contributor saying she regrets taking
part.
The 50th anniversary broadcast
tomorrow will feature the actor Ian
McDiarmid reading the full text of
Powell’s speech, interspersed with
analysis and criticism. If it goes ahead,
it will be the first time the speech has
been broadcast in full on British radio.
The BBC media editor, Amol Rajan,
who will present the programme, said
on Twitter yesterday: “On Saturday,
for 1st time EVER, Enoch Powell’s Rivers of Blood speech will be read in full
on UK radio.”
After the announcement, the University of Wolverhampton academic
Shirin Hirsch, a contributor, said she
was “disgusted” by how it was being
promoted and now viewed her participation as a mistake.
The Labour peer Andrew Adonis
said he had written to the Ofcom
chief executive, Sharon White, calling
the decision to broadcast the speech
“extraordinary” and asking her to
instruct the BBC to cancel the programme. His request was unlikely to
be met as Ofcom is a post-transmission
regulator and advises viewers to complain to the BBC in the first instance.
“We wouldn’t check or approve any
broadcaster’s editorial content before
transmission,” it said.
Adonis wrote: “The BBC claims in
its advance publicity that this is some
kind of artistic enterprise. This argument is unsustainable, particularly
in context of the BBC’s boast that the
broadcast provides a unique opportunity to hear the speech in full.”
He continued: “As a special tribute
to the 50th anniversary of ‘rivers of
blood’, the BBC is broadcasting the
full text of the most incendiary racist
‘On Saturday, for
1st time EVER,
Enoch Powell’s
Rivers of Blood
speech will be read
in full on UK radio’
Amol Rajan
BBC media editorr
speech of modern Britain that was not
even broadcast at the time.”
Rajan, who will present the broadcast on Radio 4 tomorrow night,
defended the decision, pointing out
that rather than being read continuously, the speech would be broken
up and critiqued by a range of voices
throughout the programme.
Since only a short section of Powell’s 1968 speech was recorded,
McDiarmid will read the full text for
the broadcast. He played Powell in a
theatre show that included the speech
in Edinburgh last year.
Powell’s 45-minute speech, delivered to local Conservative party
members in Birmingham a few days
before the second reading of the 1968
race relations bill, was applauded by
those at the meeting and divided the
nation.
Attacking the government’s immigration policy as “mad”, Powell called
for a reduction in the number of arrivals and a policy to encourage those
already in the UK to return to their
country of origin. He compared enacting the bill to “throwing a match on
gunpowder”.
The speech ended with a reference to a moment in Virgil’s Aeneid
when a prophetess predicts civil war
in Italy with “the river Tiber foaming
with much blood”.
The speech led to Powell’s being
sacked as shadow defence spokesman by the Conservative party’s then
leader, Edward Heath.
Thousands of workers staged strikes
and marches in support of Powell’s
views. In 1974 he left the Conservatives in opposition to Heath’s plan to
join the European Economic Community. He died in 1998 at the age of 95.
The BBC said in a statement: “Many
people know of this controversial
speech but few have heard it beyond
soundbites. Radio 4’s well established
programme Archive on 4 reflects in
detail on historical events and, in
order to assess the speech fully and
its impact on the immigration debate,
it will be analysed by a wide range of
contributors including many anti-racism campaigners.”
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:7 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
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cYanmaGentaYellowbl
•
Friday 13 April 2018 The Guardian
National
7
Continued from page 1
One for the road
will shorten your
life, study finds
PHOTOGRAPH:
MAX MUMBY
Shouting herself hoarse over horses A young racegoer is engrossed by the action on
the opening day of Grand National meeting at Aintree, near Liverpool. About 150,000
spectators are expected at the course over three days. The big race itself starts tomorrow at
5.15pm when 40 riders will tackle 30 daunting fences over the four and a half mile course.
Scientists close to
launching affordable
drug for hepatitis C
Treatment that costs just
$3.50 a day gives hope to
millions around the world
Julia Kollewe
An affordable hepatitis C treatment has
been shown to be safe and effective,
with very high cure rates for patients
including hard-to-treat cases, in trial
results that may offer hope to the 71
million or so people with the disease
around the world.
The treatment is expected to cost
$300 for 12 weeks, or $3.50 a day, in
Malaysia, where trials were done along
with Thailand. This is a fraction of
the cost – of normally tens of thousands of dollars – for other hepatitis
C medicines produced by large pharmaceutical companies.
The combination treatment of two
hepatitis C tablets – ravidasvir (a new
drug) and sofosbuvir – is the project of
the Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative (DNDi), a not-for-profit group
working with the Egyptian drugs
maker Pharco Pharmaceuticals to
bring the therapy to countries that cannot afford to pay the high prices of the
US firms Gilead and AbbVie.
Interim results of the phase II/III
clinical trial, treating 301 people, were
to be presented yesterday in Paris. The
trial was funded by Médecins Sans
Frontières, one of DNDi’s founding
partners, which also include the Institut Pasteur in France.
DNDi said 97% of patients were
cured after taking the combination
pill for 12 weeks. Even hard-to-treat
cases, such as people with HIV or liver
cirrhosis, showed very high cure rates,
of 96% and 97% respectively.
Hepatitis C is a blood-borne viral
infection that can lead to liver cirrhosis or cancer, and death. It affects more
than 71 million people worldwide
and causes 400,000 deaths a year.
Although highly effective medicines
have been available for several years,
$300
Expected charge of a 12-week course
of the combined drug in Malaysia
where clinical trials have been held
97%
Percentage of patients said by DNDi
to have been cured after taking the
new combined drug for 12 weeks
their high cost means that fewer than
three million people get treated. The
UK has an estimated 215,000 hepatitis
C cases.
The American drugs manufacturer
Gilead lowered the price of its Harvoni
tablet and other medicines in some
lower- and middle-income countries,
but the amount has been still too high
for governments to roll out mass hepatitis C treatment programmes.
Harvoni now costs about $48,000
for a 12-week course in Malaysia, and
$12,000 in Chile. Gilead’s previous
Sovaldi treatment cost $1,000 a pill,
or $84,000 over 12 weeks. Prices vary
around the world and tend to be highest in the US. Gilead has come under
pressure from its US rival, AbbVie,
which last year launched Mavyret,
a new hepatitis C medicine, with a
shorter, eight-week, treatment course
priced at $26,400.
Bernard Pécoul, executive director
of DNDi, said: “The results indicate
the sofosbuvir/ravidasvir combination is comparable to the very best
hepatitis C therapies available today
but it is priced affordably and could
allow an alternative option in countries excluded from pharmaceutical
company access programmes.”
Within one to two years the treatment is expected to be available in
Malaysia , whose health minstry
co-sponsored the trial using the medicines produced by Pharco.
DNDi has additionally signed deals
in Latin America for a 12-week course
costing $500, with provision to bring
the price down to $300.
The medicine has also been tested
on 300 patients in Egypt, who have
different genetic characteristics, and
there produced a 100% cure rate. Studies are also being carried out in South
Africa and Ukraine to cover all six genotypes of the disease.
DNDi has licensed rights for ravidasvir in low- and middle-income
countries from the Californian company which developed it, Presidio
Pharmaceuticals. The US has 3.4m
hepatitis C cases..
University of Cambridge, lead author
of the study, “this must be balanced
against the higher risk associated with
other serious – and potentially fatal –
cardiovascular diseases.”
The study supports the recommended limits of 14 units a week for
men and women, which were fiercely
contested when introduced by England’s chief medical officer, Dame Sally
Davies, in 2016. Other countries with
higher limits should reduce them, it
suggests, including Italy, Portugal,
Spain and the US, where for men the
recommended limit is almost double.
The study included data from
nearly 600,000 drinkers in 83 studies
carried out in 19 countries. About half
reported drinking more than 100g a
week, and 8.4% drank more than 350g
a week.
A 40-year-old who drank up to
200g cut their life expectancy by six
months. Between 200g and 350g a
week, they lost one to two years of
life, and those who drank more than
350g a week shortened their lives by
four to five years.
Tim Chico, professor of cardiovascular medicine at the University of
Sheffield, said smokers lost on average
10 years of life. “We think from previous evidence it is likely that people
drinking a lot more than 43 units are
likely to lose even more life expectancy, and I would not be surprised
if the heaviest drinkers lost as many
years of life as a smoker. This study
makes clear that on balance there are
no health benefits from drinking alcohol, which is usually the case when
things sound too good to be true.”
Spiegelhalter said it was “a massive
and very impressive study. It estimates
that, compared with those who only
drink a little, people who drink at the
current UK guidelines suffer no overall harm in terms of death rates, and
have 20% fewer heart attacks.”
Prof Jeremy Pearson, associate
medical director at the British Heart
Foundation, which part-funded the
study, called it “a serious wake-up call
for many countries”.
Tony Rao, visiting lecturer in old age
psychiatry at King’s College London,
said the study “highlights the need to
reduce alcohol-related harm in baby
boomers, an age group currently at
highest risk of rising alcohol misuse”.
It did not take into account the possibility of mental disorders such as
dementia, which could accompany the
other health problems drinkers incur.
In a commentary in the Lancet,
professors Jason Connor and Wayne
Hall from the University of Queensland Centre for Youth Substance Abuse
Research in Australia, anticipated that
the suggestion of lowering recommended drinking limits would come
up against opposition.
“The drinking levels recommended
in this study will no doubt be described
as implausible and impracticable by
the alcohol industry and other opponents of public health warnings on
alcohol. Nonetheless, the findings
ought to be widely disseminated and
they should provoke informed public
and professional debate.”
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:8 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 12/4/2018 21:01
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8
cYanmaGentaYellowbl
The Guardian Friday 13 April 2018
National
Syria conflict
▼ A Syrian soldier sits near the
entrance of the Wafideen camp,
awaiting evacuees from Douma
PHOTOGRAPH: YOUSSEF KARWASHAN/AFP/GETTY
US looks for evidence as
France says it can link
Assad to chemical attack
Julian Borger Washington
Angelique Chrisafis Paris
Andrew Roth Moscow
The US defence secretary, James
Mattis, said yesterday that Washington was still looking for evidence on
who carried out Saturday’s chemical weapons attack in Syria, as the
French president, Emmanuel Macron,
pointed the finger directly at the Assad
regime. Mattis said his main concern
about a military response was how to
stop it “escalating out of control”.
His cautious comments echoed a
morning tweet by Donald Trump that
appeared to walk back from his threat
of imminent action 24 hours earlier.
Macron said his government had
“proof” that the government of Bashar
al-Assad was responsible for the
attack, which is reported to have killed
about 50 people and affected hundreds
more. NBC quoted US officials as saying they had evidence pointing to the
regime’s culpability, which would be
presented to the president.
On Wednesday, Trump tweeted that
US missiles “will be coming”. But by
yesterday morning his tone had softened as he tweeted that he “never said
when an attack on Syria would take
place”. It “could be very soon or not
so soon at all!”
Mattis told the House armed services committee yesterday that the
latest tweet meant Trump “has not
made a decision”, and pointed out
that the president would meet his top
national security advisers at the White
House later in the day, and would be
presented with a full range of options.
Analysts said the more measured
tone suggested the US and allies were
prepared to take longer to prepare a
more comprehensive, multi-phase
attack than the US missile salvo last
April after a previous poison gas
attack, while building pressure on Russia to accept Assad’s departure as part
of a Syrian political settlement.
At the UN, the Russian envoy Vassily Nebenzia said Russia’s “immediate
priority is to avert the danger of war”.
Asked if he was referring to a war
between the US and Russia, he said:
“The danger of escalation is higher
than simply Syria because our military are there ... So the situation is very
dangerous.”
Mattis voiced similar concerns. “My
strategic concern is how do we keep
this from escalating out of control, if
you get my drift,” he told Congress – a
clear reference to the presence of Russian and Iranian forces in Syrian bases.
In another contrast with the president’s remarks on Wednesday, he
said he believed chemical weapons
had been used, but “we are looking
for evidence” on who was responsible.
Asked about a legal justification for
punitive strikes, Mattis pointed to the
presence of US troops in Syria, who
could be vulnerable. “We don’t have
to wait until a chemical attack, when
[chemical weapons] are being used in
the same theatre we are operating in.”
He conceded he had tactical concerns about minimising the chance
of civilian casualties from a US strike.
Macron said yesterday his government would decide its response to the
chemical attack “in due course”. “We
have the proof that last week chemical
weapons were used – at least chlorine – and that they were used by the
al-Assad regime,” he told a TV interviewer. One of his aims was to “remove
the regime’s chemical attack capabilities”. But he repeated that he wanted
to also avoid “an escalation”.
“France will in no way allow an
escalation or anything that would
harm regional stability, but we cannot allow regimes that believe they can
act with impunity to violate international law in the worst possible way.”
▲ Emmanuel Macron said that he
wanted to avoid ‘an escalation’
The Kremlin said yesterday that
Russia and the US were using a “deconfliction” telephone line for Syria.
At his Senate secretary of state
confirmation hearing, Mike Pompeo,
appeared to confirm reports that about
200 Russian mercenaries were killed in
a February clash with US-led forces in
Syria. The deconfliction line between
the US and Russian militaries was used
during that incident.
Assad said western threats to strike
were based on “lies”, and that the west
was lashing out after it lost its “bet” on
opposition forces in eastern Ghouta.
Nicholas Heras, a fellow at the
Center for a New American Security,
says the US and its allies appear to be
preparing a more wide-ranging assault
on the sinews of Assad’s power than
the single missile barrage against a
Syrian air base last year. “If they are
going to do saturation strikes, they
have to go after the air defences so that
planes can come in to do really specific targeting. The more planes you
see in the battlespace the more clear
it will be a multiple-day deep targeted
campaign.”
The deliberative approach is also
aimed at ratcheting up pressure on
Vladimir Putin. “They are trying to
give time for Russia to come to the conclusion that the US and France and UK
are serious.”
Satellite images released by the
Israeli company ImageSat International yesterday showed ships
apparently deployed from Russia’s
naval base in the Syrian city of Tartus.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:9 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
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•
Friday 13 April 2018 The Guardian
9
On the ground
Troops on the
move again as
Syrians brace
for strike
Martin Chulov
Deployment Trump’s
tweets run far ahead of
US military’s readiness
Military targets and assets in the region
Syrian airfields could be targeted
Syrian regime
airbases
Turkey
Kobane
Nusaybin
Syria
Aleppo
Airbases with
known Russian
positions
Iraq
Raqqa
Peter Beaumont
Deir ez-Zor
Hama
Middle East correspondent
Tartus
Fighter jets returned to the skies of
northern Syria yesterday and ground
troops in Damascus were on the move
again.
Even if Donald Trump unleashes
the formidable US arsenal on targets
across the country in retaliation for the
suspected chemical attack on the Syrian town of Douma, there is a feeling in
Damascus that the regime will prevail.
Two residents who spoke to the
Guardian said military convoys had
moved through western Damascus
past the Sayeda Zainab shrine and
towards the Lebanese border yesterday morning. Reports elsewhere
said Hezbollah, which has been at
the arrowhead of the Assad regime’s
ground defence, had regrouped west
of the capital, away from air force targets that are expected to bear the brunt
of any US strike.
Other Damascus residents said soldiers in combat kit were monitoring
hundreds of checkpoints. Helicopters appeared briefly yesterday over
Ghouta, where Syrian and Russian
troops took charge of Douma – the
last holdout of the now vanquished
opposition presence. Much of what
remains of the Syrian air force has been
moved to Russian bases in the country. Iraqi and Iranian media speculated
that some Syrian jets had been flown to
Iran to avoid any attacks, but this could
not be independently confirmed. The
working assumption in Syria is that in
the event of a strike, Trump’s generals
would advise him to target Syrian airbases, from where suspected chemical
attacks have been launched.
Any strike would probably be more
comprehensive than the attack that hit
the Shayrat airbase near Homs in April
2017 after the sarin strike on the northern town of Khan Sheikhun.
Helicopters that have dropped
barrel bombs on Ghouta have mostly
taken off from the Douma airbase
north of the city. The Russian air force
maintains a presence there, as it does
in many other Syrian military facilities.
Its main presence, however, is in the
north-west of the country, where its
S-400 air defence system, which has
never been tested in battle, is poised to
be used against any US missiles.
“The Americans wouldn’t dare
fly planes against us,” said Mohammed al-Rai, a supporter of the Syrian
government from Homs. “Look what
happened to the Israeli plane. Worse
will happen to them. Things were difficult a few years ago, but they’re better
now. If the Americans blow up some
runways to aid the jihadists, so what?
They won’t win.”
A regime supporter, who refused
to be named, said Trump “hasn’t got a
clue what to do. He doesn’t even want
to stay here. The regime knows this,
so do the Russians and Iran. If he was
smart he would try to back out of this.”
Homs
Lebanon
The US fired 59
Tomahawk cruise
missiles at
Shayrat airbase in
April 2017 from
warships in the
Mediterranean
Beirut
Damascus
Israel
Strikes will probably involve the Tomahawk missile
Payload
Conventional
454kg warhead
With a range of 1,000 miles, the missiles fly
at extremely low altitudes and high
subsonic speeds to accurately strike targets
Control fins
Person
to scale
Solid-fuel
booster
Swing wings
Span 2.67m
Guidance
system
Military and naval assets
US
UK Aircraft based at RAF Akrotiri, Cyprus
1
6
aircraft carrier
USS Harry S Truman will arrive in early May
USS Theodore Roosevelt is in the Philippines
1
guided missile
destroyer
USS Donald Cook
submarines
Number and
location unknown
8
Typhoon
fighters
Tornado
GR4 fighters
1
France
submarine
With Tomahawk
cruise misiles
1
Voyager
refuelling
aircraft
refuelling
aircraft
Rafale
fighters
Used for
Rafales
Russia
1
cruise missile
frigate
S400 missile
defence system
Defending Tartus and
other bases used by
Russia
1
patrol boat
1
rescue tug
2
submarines
One at sea, one
in Tartus, Syria
Black Sea fleet
Israel
On high alert and closer
to the Syrian coast than
the US forces
Has a substantial military presence
Despite Donald Trump’s tweet
suggesting that a US strike on Syria
was imminent – and warning Russia
to “get ready” – the US naval and
other forces in the region suggest his
rhetoric may have outpaced military
readiness for anything but the most
limited action.
It appears, however, to have
given Syrian forces ample warning
to move key assets, suggesting that
any strike now would be largely
symbolic and have little meaningful
impact on the conduct of the war
in Syria.
Crucially, there is currently no
US aircraft carrier strike force in
the region. This is significant as the
Pentagon is likely to prefer to rely
on ship-launched cruise missiles
against a Syrian airspace heavily
defended by recently installed
Russian anti-aircraft missile
systems.
American forces
The US currently does not have
an aircraft carrier strike force
deployed in the Middle East. USS
Theodore Roosevelt, the lead vessel
in carrier strike group nine, had
been in the region and had launched
strikes against both Islamic State
and the Taliban, but left recently
after its four-month deployment,
arriving in the Philippines on
Wednesday.
Its replacement in the region,
USS Harry S Truman, left Norfolk,
Virginia, on Wednesday and
would not be able to reach the
Mediterranean until early next
month, with its movements already
being tracked by the Russian
military, according to Lt Gen Viktor
Poznikhir, first deputy chief of
the Russian general staff ’s main
operations directorate.
That would leave a US guided
Has thousands of missiles in Lebanon
Iran
fighter/ground attack aircraft
23
75
24
fighter aircraft
36
ground attack aircraft
Source: Institute for the Study of War
transport aircraft
57
attack helicopters
17
trainer aircraft
British forces
The United Kingdom has six
Typhoon fighter jets, eight GR4
Tornado aircraft and one air-to-air
Voyager refuelling tanker based at
RAF Akrotiri in Cyprus. According
to the BBC, a Royal Navy submarine
armed with Tomahawk cruise
missiles was also being sent to the
eastern Mediterranean.
Other forces
multi-role
helicopters
The International
Institute for Strategic
Studies estimates that
30-40% of Syria’s
inventory is combat
capable
A number of military and merchant
vessels had been in harbour in the
Russian naval base at the Syrian
port of Tartus, including two Kiloclass submarines. Satellite imaging
suggests most of those vessels have
now put to sea, leaving just one of
the submarines.
That leaves unaccounted for a
frigate armed with Kalibr cruise
missiles, a patrol boat, a rescue
tug and the second Kilo-class
submarine. Tartus, along with
other bases used by Russia, is
defended by the advanced S-400
missile system.
Russia’s Black Sea fleet is also
closer to the Syrian coast than
US forces and there are reports that
the fleet has been on a heightened
level of alert since at least midMarch.
French forces
Hezbollah
130
Russian forces
If it decides to join in the strikes,
France is more likely to rely on
its Rafale warplanes, which it can
deploy from its home bases and
refuel in-flight.
Can threaten US shipping in the Gulf
Syria
missile destroyer, the USS Donald
Cook, which is already in the
Mediterranean, available for any
missile strikes on Syria. The ship is
of the same class as that used by the
US navy when Trump ordered his
last – and limited – strikes against
the Assad regime in April 2017
following a chemical weapons attack
in Idlib province.
A second US Arleigh Burke-class
guided missile destroyer, the USS
Porter, is also understood to be in
the Mediterranean and, in common
with the Donald Cook, carries
an arsenal of about two dozen
Tomahawk cruise missiles. Another
possibility is that missiles could
be launched from US submarines,
the locations of which are a tightly
guarded secret.
▲ USS Theodore
Roosevelt had
been in the area,
but arrived in
the Philippines
on Wednesday
In an escalating conflict, numerous
wildcards exist. These include
Israel’s substantial military, which
has prosecuted scores of strikes
inside Syria in recent years, as
well as Hezbollah, which has
tens of thousands of missiles in
neighbouring Lebanon that could
be used to target Israel. Iran, which,
like Russia and Hezbollah, is a key
backer of the Assad regime, and
its forces pose a threat to any US
shipping in the Gulf.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:10 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 12/4/2018 20:58
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10
cYanmaGentaYellowb
The Guardian Friday 13 April 2018
National
Syria conflict
▼ A Tornado pilot and his navigator
sit in the military jet after landing at
RAF Marham in Norfolk yesterday
PHOTOGRAPH: GEOFF ROBINSON PHOTOGRAPHY
Continued from page 1
Path clear for action
against Syria as
cabinet backs May
from the White House where Trump
convened a meeting of his national
security council.
A Downing Street spokesman said:
“Cabinet agreed that the Assad regime
has a track record of the use of chemical weapons and it is highly likely
that the regime is responsible for Saturday’s attack. Cabinet agreed it was
vital that the use of chemical weapons did not go unchallenged. [They]
agreed on the need to take action to
alleviate humanitarian distress and
to deter the further use of chemical
weapons by the Assad regime.
“Cabinet agreed the prime minister
should continue to work with allies in
the United States and France to coordinate an international response.”
Earlier, the Brexit secretary, David
Davis, said he expected the cabinet
to be provided with evidence showing that the Syrian regime was behind
the attack, and that the prime minister would set out a proper “thought
through” plan.
Davis added: “The situation in
Syria is horrific – the use of chemical
weapons is something the world has
to prevent. We of all countries in the
world, after the Skripal affair, have perhaps the most immediate knowledge
of it apart from the Syrians themselves.
We’ve got very delicate circumstances
and we’ve got to make a judgment on
a very careful, very well thought-out,
well thought-through basis.”
Referring to the 2013 vote, he said
that there were two reasons for his
opposition: “We had not provided the
evidence and the intelligence that we
knew who it was, and secondly there
was not a proper plan thought through
properly. Those two things I’m assured
we’re going to answer today.”
The foreign secretary, Boris Johnson, withdrew from a press conference
in Oxford with his German counterpart, Heiko Maas, to attend the
emergency cabinet, instead meeting
him briefly at Heathrow.
Speaking afterwards, Maas said
Germany would like to see a political
solution to the conflict that involved
continuing to engage with Russia.
The Labour leader, Jeremy Corbyn,
who is expected to oppose military
action, said: “More bombing, more
killing, more war will not save life. It
will just take more lives and spawn the
war elsewhere.”
Yesterday May was also given the
backing of her most influential foreign
policy backbencher, Tom Tugendhat,
to take part in any western strike
against Syria without a Commons
mandate.
He told BBC Radio 4’s Today programme: “I think that looking at what
we’re doing is rather more important
than looking at what Russia might do.
What we’re doing is dealing with a violation of the 1925 Geneva gas protocol,
and exercising the 2005 responsibility to protect. Russia signed up to
both of those and what we’re seeing
is moments when Russia should be
standing with us.”
Journal Leader comment Page 2
Journal Simon Jenkins Page 5
Corbyn demands private briefing
before any UK military action
Jessica Elgot
Heather Stewart
Jeremy Corbyn demanded a private briefing on the government’s
intelligence about the Douma chemical weapons attack yesterday, as he
insisted that “more bombing, more
killing, more war will not save life”
in Syria.
Repeating his declaration that parliament must be consulted before
military action is taken, the Labour
leader urged Theresa May to learn lessons from the Chilcot report, which
revealed the failures in the lead-up to
the Iraq war.
As cabinet ministers gathered for
an emergency meeting in Downing
Street, he said: “Surely the lessons of
Iraq, the lessons that came there from
the Chilcot report, are that there’s got
to be, there has to be a proper process
of consultation. Cabinet on its own
should not be making this decision.”
The Guardian understands the
Labour leader requested a privy council briefing from the government as
then Labour leader Ed Milband had
before the 2013 vote on action in Syria.
The Labour leader said he wanted
to see the “whole picture”.
“I want to see an end to the war in
Syria. That does mean America and
Russia holding back, pulling back and
talking to each other,” Corbyn said.
“The dangers of bombing now, which
could escalate the conflict beyond
belief … Just imagine the scenario if
an American missile shoots down a
Russian plane or vice versa. Where do
we go from there?”
Asked whether he opposed military
action in Syria under any circumstances, Corbyn said he was “not in
favour of increasing military action in
Syria; what I’m in favour of is a political
process to bring about peace”.
Corbyn said there needed to be pressure from countries that had backed
Assad, as well as those that supported
rebel groups. Any parliamentary vote
▲ Protesters outside Downing Street
during the cabinet meeting yesterday
would be likely to cause a split in the
Labour party, where some MPs would
be likely to listen more sympathetically to the case for intervention.
More than 60 Labour MPs voted
with the government to support
extending attacks on Islamic State to
Syria in 2015, when the shadow cabinet was split on the issue, and then
shadow foreign secretary Hilary
Benn spoke passionately in favour of
intervention.
The MP for Rhondda, Chris Bryant,
an expert on the history of parliament,
warned that without a vote, any military action risked being unlawful.
“The whole issue of how we deal with
Syria has been contentious for several
years and the process of making the
argument to parliament is an important part of making the argument to
the country.”
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:11 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 12/4/2018 20:50
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•
Friday 13 April 2018 The Guardian
MPs’ views
Where they stand on intervention
Theresa May
Despite Theresa May’s natural caution and her
tendency to demand evidence before acting,
she is strongly of the view that the “rules-based
global order”, as she calls it, must be upheld. The
prime minster regards limited military action as
a way of underlining the international prohibition on chemical weapons, by ensuring their use
does not go unchallenged.
Boris Johnson
Boris Johnson said in February that he would
support “limited action” against Syria to punish
Bashar al-Assad’s regime for the use of chemical
weapons. A year ago, Johnson expended considerable diplomatic capital on a failed attempt to
persuade the UK’s G7 counterparts to back targeted sanctions, and he accused Russia of being
a “lifeline for the murderous Syrian regime”.
Colleagues of the mild-mannered former chief
whip have been taken aback by his transformation into a hawk since he became defence
secretary. He has adopted a strident tone
against Russia in particular, telling the Russians
after the Salisbury nerve agent attack to “go
away and shut up”.
Gavin Williamson
The environment secretary is among the most
hawkish members of the cabinet. After MPs
voted against military action in Syria in 2013,
Gove shouted “disgrace, disgrace” across the
Commons chamber. “Labour MPs celebrating as
children had been killed by a ruthless dictator,
I’m afraid, got to me,” Gove said afterwards.
Michael Gove
He said the government would have
to make the case that it had evidence
of Syrian involvement in the attack
and show that military action would
degrade the Assad regime’s ability to
use chemical weapons in future.
The Guardian understands that if a
motion were brought to parliament for
approval, the Labour leadership could
whip its MPs to vote against it.
Alison McGovern, the Wirral South
MP, who co-chairs the all-party parliamentary group on Syria, said it was
important not to reduce the issue to
military options alone. “We need to
focus on Syrian civilians, and find
partners in the world who want to
cooperate on a comprehensive strategy to protect civilian lives. You’ve got
to look right across diplomatic, economic and military issues,” she said.
The Liberal Democrat leader, Vince
Cable, has said the use of chemical
weapons was a “clear red line”, but
parliament needed to vote before any
further intervention.
Ian Blackford, the Scottish National
party’s Westminster leader, said:
“There is no mandate for the government to take this action. And I would
simply say to the prime minister: be
very careful, because you do not have
a majority in parliament.”
David Davis
Davis voted against intervention in Syria in
2013. Yesterday the Brexit secretary said he
had been concerned that there was not enough
evidence to pin chemical weapons attacks on
Assad, nor an adequate plan for what would
happen after an intervention. But he said he
had been assured by May that those concerns
would be answered.
Jeremy Corbyn
A former chair of Stop the War, Corbyn opposed
conflict not just famously in Iraq, Libya and
Syria, but also in Kosovo and Sierra Leone, saying in May last year that there had been no “just
war” since 1945. He is understood to be seeking
a security briefing, on privy councillor terms, on
the latest from Syria, but it is near certain he will
oppose action regardless.
As business secretary in the coalition, Cable
supported intervention in 2013. In an email to
party members about a vote, he set three tests
for backing action: full disclosure of evidence
against Syria by the government, clear objectives for intervention, and intervention only as
part of a multi-lateral approach.
Vince Cable
Ian Blackford
The SNP leader in the Commons says it would
be “an absolute disgrace” and “quite unacceptable” for May to decide on intervention without
a vote in parliament. “May does not have a mandate. We are a parliament of minorities and
she has got to respect that.” Blackford is also
understood to be seeking a briefing on privy
counsellor terms.
Alison McGovern
McGovern, who co-chairs the all-party parliamentary group on Syria, is one of a significant
number of Labour MPs who could be persuaded
to back military action if there were a vote in
parliament. Others who have spoken out about
the horrors in Syria in recent days include Ruth
Smeeth, John Woodcock and Wes Streeting,
though all would want a debate in parliament.
Zac Goldsmith
Zac Goldsmith has long been sceptical of military action against the Assad regime. Just
before the Commons showdown in 2013, he said
airstrikes would be “utter madness”, but voted
for them, saying the motion had been watered
down. Two years later he backed airstrikes
against Isis but is wary of targeting the regime.
Jessica Elgot, Heather Stewart,
Anne Perkins and Pippa Crerar
11
Analysis
Patrick Wintour
‘Deconfliction’ put to the test
as US and its allies weigh up
the full extent of any strikes
T
he Kremlin’s announcement yesterday that
a hotline between
Russia and the US on
Syrian matters was
active drew attention
to the longstanding practice of
“deconfliction”.
The term refers to attempts
to avoid misunderstandings and
potential direct clashes between
Russia and the west in Syria, where
for years Russia has been targeting
Syrian opposition forces and
western coalition planes have been
operating largely against Islamic
State targets.
The hotline, established in 2016
between US central command in
Qatar and its Russian equivalent in
Syria, has on occasion been shut
down due to disputes between
Moscow and Washington.
The prospect of imminent USled strikes on the Syrian regime in
response to Saturday’s chemical
weapons attack outside Douma
puts a great deal of pressure on the
deconfliction process.
There is some evidence that key
figures such as the UN secretary
general, António Guterres, are
working hard privately to see how
any conflict can be contained,
on the assumption that the US is
determined to press ahead.
The US will be required to give
Russia some advance notice of its
intentions, presenting Russia with
a choice about whether to extricate
itself from Syrian positions.
In public, apart from
pronouncements by Emmanuel
Macron and the contradictory
tweets of Donald Trump, little has
been said by western leaders about
the purpose or scale of the strikes.
In theory there are three
alternative potential packages:
• A minimalist punitive strike
like the US attack on the Sharyat
airbase in April 2017, when three US
warships fired 59 Tomahawk cruise
missiles in response to a chemical
weapons attack in Khan Sheikhun.
• An attempt to prevent Syrian
efforts to use chemical weapons
again, both by destroying the
relevant facilities and means
of delivery, and by imposing a
deterrent punishment.
• An attempt to weaken the entire
Syrian military infrastructure or
even attack the presidential palace
and Syrian divisional headquarters.
As it stands there is no appetite in
western capitals to dislodge Bashar
al-Assad from office, leaving some
version of the middle option the
most likely course of action.
Barack Obama’s abandoned
attack on Syria in 2013 had been due
to involve at least 150 Tomahawk
missiles directed at the Syrian air
force command and control. But
it is not possible simply to dust
down those plans because of the
presence of roughly 2,000 Russian
troops who have been stationed
in Syria since 2015. Russian forces
are concentrated at the Hmeymim
airbase, on the outskirts of Latakia,
and at the Tartus naval base. But
there are troops at other bases, some
fighting as mercenaries.
Western intelligence will
therefore have to be good enough to
ensure missiles aimed at chemical
facilities do not also hit Russian
troops. Further complicating the
battleground picture, Iran and its
militia backers have increased and
entrenched their forces in Syria
since 2013.
Ben Barry, a senior fellow at the
International Institute for Strategic
Studies in London, said it would be
possible for Russia, with advance
notice about targeting, to remove
its personnel from likely targets.
Similar warnings were given to the
Russians before the attack in 2017.
Barry pointed out that most of the
key weapons at the west’s disposal
could be fired from aircraft carriers
and submarines, and there was no
need for coalition jets to enter Syrian
airspace. There was, however, risk
of an accident, because Russian
advisers could be attached to Syrian
forces down to battalion level.
A
key question for the
US and its allies, Barry
said, was whether
they could put
together a package
of identifiable
chemical weapons-related targets.
Chlorine, for instance, is a baseline
chemical that does not require
very sophisticated laboratories to
produce, unlike, say, sarin.
Barry drew attention to other
legitimate chemical weaponsrelated targets, such as the
delivery infrastructure, including
helicopters, airbases and some
scientific research labs in Damascus.
Justin Bronk, a research fellow
at the thinktank Rusi, said:
“Destroying the Syrian air force’s
means of delivery – its jets and
helicopters – would require far
more than cruise missiles. It would
require a concerted, large-scale
air effort involving hundreds of
fighters, bombers, jamming aircraft
and intelligence, surveillance and
reconnaissance.”
The dilemma for the US and its
allies is whether to mount a small
strike that might not be an adequate
deterrent, or a large strike that
risks hitting Russian troops and
dramatically escalating tensions.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:12 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:S
Sent at 12/4/2018 18:19
•
12
House prices in London are falling at
the fastest rate in nine years, says Halifax, Britain’s biggest mortgage lender.
Prices were down 3.2% between
January and March, compared with
The Guardian Friday 13 April 2018
National
London house prices falling
at fastest rate in nine years
Julia Kollewe
cYanmaGentaYellow
the previous quarter, the sharpest decline since the financial crisis,
according to regional data collated by
IHS Markit and published by Halifax,
part of Lloyds Banking Group.
London also recorded the sharpest
annual fall in house prices since the
start of 2011. Property values fell 3.8%
in the first quarter from a year ago,
following a 0.7% annual drop in the
fourth quarter. There was an annual
increase of 0.3% in prices in the southeast of England at the start of the year
and a rise of 1.9% in the south-west.
Prices grew strongly elsewhere.
The east Midlands and East Anglia
recorded the fastest rates of annual
price inflation at 7.3% and 7.2% respectively, followed by Scotland at 6.7%
and Yorkshire and the Humber at 6.1%.
The standardised price of a home in
London was £430,749 in the first quarter, the lowest since the end of 2015.
Figures are standardised in order to
£430,749
The standardised price of a London
home. The UK average is £223,819
track the price of a “typical house”
by giving values to certain attributes.
The figure for the south-east was
£337,776, a one-year low. Such prices
are still far above the average UK figure of £223,819.
Apart from London and the southeast, only the south-west and East
Anglia remain above the national
figure, at £237,371 and £236,335 respectively. Average house prices are lowest
in Northern Ireland at £127,793, Scotland at £145,837, and the north of
England at £146,648.
Paul Smith, IHS Markit’s economics director, said that as a result of the
squeeze on real incomes over recent
months, a general undercurrent of
Brexit-related uncertainty, and the
likelihood of higher interest rates
later in the year, “the market seems
set to persist in a subdued state for the
foreseeable future”.
Retrial begins of soldier
accused of sabotaging
his wife’s parachute
Press Association
The retrial of an army sergeant accused
of attempting to murder his wife by
tampering with her parachute has
heard that he arranged to have sex
with a prostitute in the weeks before
the near-fatal fall.
Emile Cilliers, 38, of the Royal Army
Physical Training Corps, faces two
charges of attempted murder and a
third count of damaging a gas fitting
and recklessly endangering life. The
judge, Mr Justice Sweeney, told the
jury at Winchester crown court that a
previous trial had ended with the jury
unable to reach verdicts.
Cilliers is accused of sabotaging his
wife’s main and reserve parachutes,
and a few days earlier tampering
with a gas valve at the family home in
Amesbury, Wiltshire.
Victoria Cilliers suffered serious
injuries when her parachutes failed
during a jump at the Army Parachute
Association at Netheravon on Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire on 5 April 2015.
Michael Bowes QC, prosecuting,
said Cilliers wanted to get rid of her
permanently and added: “This is a
man who cared absolutely nothing
for her and treated her with absolute
contempt.” He said that at the time Cilliers was having an affair with a woman
called Stefanie Goller as well as having
a sexual relationship with his ex-wife,
Carly Cilliers, and having contact with
a number of prostitutes.
Bowes said that on 13 March 2015,
Cilliers arranged to meet his ex-wife
for sex before arranging to have unprotected sex with a prostitute for £100
and asking her: “Can I film it?”
Emile Cilliers
with his wife,
Victoria. His
trial has heard
that he was
conducting
affairs and
having contact
with a number
of prostitutes
Cilliers was £22,000 in debt and
believed he was set to receive a
£120,000 insurance payout in the
event of his wife’s accidental death,
Bowes said.
He explained that Victoria Cilliers
survived the fall and vital components
were missing, prompting the allegation that they had been sabotaged.
He said: “Victoria Cilliers, a highly
experienced parachutist and parachute instructor, was involved in a
near-fatal parachuting fall at the Army
Parachute Association Camp at Netheravon. When she jumped out of the
plane at 4,000ft [1,200 metres], both
her main parachute and her reserve
parachute failed, causing her to spiral
to the ground. Those attending the
scene expected to find her dead,”
Bowes continued. “[They] immediately realised something was wrong
with her reserve parachute: two vital
pieces of equipment which fix the parachute to the parachutist’s harness
were missing, and their absence meant
her reserve parachute would inevitably fail and the parachutist would just
spin to the ground.”
He said the defendant was a competent skydiver trained in packing
reserve parachutes.
Bowes said that a week previously,
Cilliers had deliberately caused a gas
leak at his family home while he was
staying elsewhere in an earlier failed
attempt to murder his wife.
“He wanted to be rid of her and
wanted to live his life on his own
terms. He cared nothing for her and
in truth cared only for himself. He had
decided to get rid of her permanently,”
Bowes said.
Cilliers denies the charges and the
trial continues.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:13 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 12/4/2018 20:16
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•
Friday 13 April 2018 The Guardian
National
13
▼ Sir Cliff Richard arrives at the
high court in London. He claims BBC
reporting damaged his reputation
PHOTOGRAPH: BEN CAWTHRA/LNP
MP’s daughter
was in a ‘toxic’
relationship
before death,
inquest hears
Press Association
BBC defends privacy case
brought by Cliff Richard
Singer seeks damages for
coverage of raid on home
over sexual assault claim
Owen Bowcott
Legal affairs correspondent
BBC coverage of the police raid on Sir
Cliff Richard’s home in 2014 – filmed
from a helicopter hovering overhead
– was accurate and on a “matter of
legitimate public interest”, its lawyers
have told the high court.
The high-profile dispute over
privacy and the boundaries of press
freedom revolves around how the corporation reported the investigation
into a sexual assault claim against the
77-year-old entertainer.
Richard has always denied wrongdoing and was never charged with
any offence. His compensation claim
has been brought on the basis that the
news reports violated his privacy and
breached the 1998 Data Protection Act.
Richard is claiming £279,261 for
legal fees and £108,500 for his public
relations expenses.
The corporation is worried that if
it loses, it will set a far-reaching precedent that will restrict journalistic
freedom of expression.
Gavin Millar QC, representing the
BBC, said: “[Richard] challenges the
▲ The BBC filmed the raid on Sir Cliff Richard’s home from a helicopter, after
it was given information by the investigating police force PHOTOGRAPH: BBC
right of a news media organisation
to report that he was the subject of a
police investigation and that a judicial warrant to search his property had
been executed.
“The allegation being investigated
was one of a serious criminal offence.
Information that enabled the BBC to
report these matters had been provided to it by the investigating police
force knowing that it would be used by
the BBC to report in this way.
“[Richard’s] challenge is framed in
privacy and data protection. In addition [he] complains that the reporting
damaged his reputation. It is the first
time such a claim has been brought to
court in this country.”
The BBC’s reporting of the search,
Millar said, “was accurate and in good
faith, was on a matter of legitimate
public interest and respected the rights
of [Richard] as a suspect, in particular
the presumption of innocence.” It had
recorded the singer’s “full denial of the
allegations at every stage”.
In written arguments, Millar has
told the judge, Mr Justice Mann, that
parliament has never legislated to
prevent reporting of the execution of
search warrants. That reflects a general
consensus that reporting on such matters is in the public interest.
“No doubt the reporting had an
impact on [Richard] … but this has to
be separated out from the distress he
experienced, and would have experienced in any event, as a result of
being the subject of such an allegation, investigation and search.
“It does not provide a sufficiently
weighty claim for infringement of
privacy to prevail over the public interest in the BBC’s reporting.”
Earlier, opening the hearing, Justin Rushbrooke QC, who represents
Richard, said his client was “one of
the most distinguished entertainers this country has ever known”. He
had sold more than 250m records and
recorded more than 100 albums. Yet
Richard was subjected to a privacy
invasion “of a kind no citizen of this
country should ever have to experience”, Rushbrooke said.
“No citizen should have to watch
film footage broadcast on national
and international television of police
searching their home shot from a helicopter hovering just overhead.”
The impact of the coverage was to
shatter Richard’s life, and his “reputation around the world was left in
shreds”. The coverage was all about
the BBC’s obsessive hunt for a media
scoop rather than reporting the news,
the court was told.
Richard also sued South Yorkshire
police, but the dispute was settled
after the force agreed to pay the singer
£400,000 in damages, the court heard.
Richard is entitled to “very substantial” compensation because the BBC
coverage was a flagrant breach of his
privacy rights, his lawyers said.
The hearing continues.
The daughter of the deputy speaker of
the House of Commons was in a “toxic”
relationship before being found
dead in her bedroom, an inquest has
heard. Natalie Lewis-Hoyle, 28, died
in Heybridge, Essex, on 15 December.
The hearing in Chelmsford was told
that the young parish councillor was
full of life and had a “whole bundle of
energy”. Her mother, Miriam Lewis,
said her daughter had been reflecting
on a troubled relationship, but was
“finally coming to terms with the fact
that it wasn’t going to go anywhere”.
Essex police concluded there were
no suspicious circumstances or thirdparty involvement in the death, and
this was accepted by the court.
But both her parents, who attended
along with their partners, said they
were troubled by phone calls they
believed had affected their daughter’s state of mind. They said she had
expressed no intention to kill herself.
Lewis-Hoyle had been collected by
her mother from Hatfield Peverel railway station on 14 December and had a
blood alcohol level of 171mg per 100ml.
The coroner, Caroline BeasleyMurray, said she wanted to put this
figure in context: “She wasn’t driving and it was a weeknight before
Christmas.”
Lewis found her daughter at home
the next morning and she was pronounced dead at 6.46am.
Her father, Lindsay Hoyle, the
Labour MP for Chorley, said he
believed what happened had been “a
reaction to that phone call [which] had
left somebody in a different state of
mind than [before]”.
Lewis, a Conservative Maldon district councillor, said there had been
an “attack”, the details of which were
not given, a few weeks before, at a
time when her daughter’s relationship “was really, really deteriorating”.
The coroner said: “She was in a somewhat troubled relationship.” Lewis
responded: “A very toxic relationship.”
Lewis said of her daughter: “When
somebody is in psychological torment,
you don’t get the bruises and the fat
lips and the black eyes.”
Beasley-Murray recorded an open
conclusion. She said: “We will never
know what was going through her
mind.” Hoyle said: “She was life. She
brought life to everybody.”
▲ Natalie Lewis-Hoyle, whose father
is deputy speaker, died in December
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:14 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 12/4/2018 18:58
•
The Guardian Friday 13 April 2018
National
14
cYanmaGentaYellowb
▼ Many of the 40,000 columns of the
Giant’s Causeway in Northern Ireland
are almost perfectly hexagonal
PHOTOGRAPH: JONATHAN IRISH/GETTY IMAGES
Police seek to
calm tensions
over tributes to
dead intruder
Ben Quinn
Alexandra Topping
Police have attempted to defuse tensions after the death of an intruder in
south-east London amid a struggle
over flowers his family have placed at
the scene that have repeatedly been
torn down.
A fence to which flowers and cards
had been attached was bare yesterday
after they were removed for the fourth
time. They had been put up by relatives and friends of Henry Vincent, 37,
who died after a struggle with Richard
Osborn-Brooks, 78, on 4 April.
A few yards along the street in
Hither Green, police stood outside
Osborn-Brooks’s home as expectations
built of a protest, billed online as being
in support of the local community.
About 200 people have joined a Facebook group that says it has been set up
to arrange a peaceful protest to support residents, “taunted by a constant
shrine that is being set up by Henry
Vincent’s family”.
However, the few residents prepared to speak as they passed the
scene said they were unaware of any
such protest. In at least one of the cases
where the tributes were torn down, the
person responsible said he had come
from another part of London to do so.
The Metropolitan police deputy
commissioner, Sir Craig Mackey, said
the area had become a focus for disruption and required a police presence.
“This is a tragedy for the family who
have lost a loved one. It is also a tragedy for the homeowner forced to take
the action he did,” he said. “It would
have been preferable if the …local
area had not become the focus of disruption, which then needed police
resources to manage.”
Lewisham borough council is considering how the flowers and other
items can be managed.
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Conditions that shaped
the Giant’s Causeway
replicated in laboratory
Hannah Devlin
Science correspondent
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According to legend, the Giant’s Causeway was built by the Irish giant Finn
MacCool as a crossing to confront his
Scottish rival. Scientists have an alternative explanation, and for the first
time they have reproduced in the laboratory the process through which the
causeway’s 40,000 near-perfect hexagonal columns were formed.
Geometric columns are seen in a
variety of volcanic rocks around the
world and are known to form as the
rock cools and contracts, resulting in
a regular array of polygonal prisms or
columns. But until now, geologists
had been unsure of the threshold at
which cooling magma suddenly fractures into a geometric pavement.
Yan Lavallée, professor of volcanology at the University of Liverpool
and lead author of the study, said:
“[This] is a question that has fascinated the world of geology for a very
long time. We have been wanting to
know whether the temperature of the
lava that causes the fractures was hot,
warm or cold.”
To answer the question, Lavallée
and his colleagues recreated the process in the laboratory using basalt
cores drilled from the Eyjafjallajökull
volcano in Iceland. The 20cm-long
cylinders, gripped by a clamp at each
end, were heated to more than 1,000C
until they began to soften into lava.
The samples were fixed at each end in
a mechanical grip and cooled to test at
what point they snapped.
The basalt magma fractured at
between 840C and 890C, the study
found, suggesting this is the temperature at which the Giant’s Causeway,
which stretches along four miles of
the coast of Northern Ireland, would
have formed. “I have spent over a
decade pondering how to address
this question and construct the right
experiment to find the answer,” said
Lavallée. “Now, with this study, we
have found that the answer is hot, but
after it solidified.”
He hoped to extend the investigation by using a large pool of magma
to reproduce the geometric fracturing as rock is cooled, but said such an
experiment would require carefully
controlled conditions.
The Giant’s Causeway formed
between 50m and 60m years ago, when
the region that now sits on the Antrim
coastline was subject to intense volcanic activity. Molten basalt erupted
through chalk beds and formed a lake
of lava. As this cooled and contracted,
cracks propagated across the plateau
to form hexagonal stepping stones.
Among similar structures is the
Devils Postpile in the Sierra Nevada
region of California. The pattern
occurs on many scales because faster
cooling produces smaller columns.
The findings are published in the
journal Nature Communications.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:15 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 12/4/2018 18:58
cYanmaGentaYellowb
•
Friday 13 April 2018 The Guardian
National
15
Nine arrests
in operation
on London
drug gang
Matthew Weaver
Damien Gayle
Police claim to have dealt a “massive
blow” to violent gang crime in the
capital after arresting nine people,
including a 14-year-old boy.
They also seized a Škorpion
machine pistol, ammunition, cash and
suspected class A drugs in an overnight
operation that involved 200 officers.
Some of those arrested were believed
to be senior figures in a crack cocaine
and heroin dealing outfit.
An alleged drug runner, 14, was
arrested at his family home. He was
among those detained in eight raids
in Northolt, Greenford, Fulham and
Brentford. Two women in their 30s
and another aged 49 were among those
held in arrests connected to the MDP
gang, which has been linked to several murders.
The arrests come as the Metropolitan
▲ A man is led away after a police raid in Northolt PHOTOGRAPH: JOHN STILLWELL/PA
police face intense pressure to be seen
to be taking action over a spate of violent crimes that have left the force
with more than 50 unresolved murder investigations. Last weekend the
Met commissioner, Cressida Dick,
deployed an extra 300 officers on the
streets of London.
Those detained on Wednesday were
held over offences including conspiracy to supply drugs and possession of
firearms. At a house in Northolt, young
children could be heard crying as dozens of officers flooded inside.
In Fulham, officers found a 30-yearold suspect in a car as they neared a
seemingly empty property, where
they found the Škorpion, another
handgun, 40 rounds of ammunition
and a kilogram of suspected class A
drugs, Scotland Yard said.
DI Driss Hayoukane said: “This is a
massive blow to an established gang.
What we’ve taken out is probably a line
which has been supplying the Earl’s
Court and Fulham areas. This gang
have been running that line for quite
a while and making a lot of money.
These gangs have corrupted children
and are using them to ferry drugs.
“If you look across London, these
are the kids that are getting involved in
violence and stabbings, because they
are generally on the streets while the
suppliers are removed from it, collecting the cash.”
Members of the gang drove expensive cars and showed off their wealth
online, taking luxury holidays to
places such as Dubai, he said. One
property in Earl’s Court had been
“cuckooed”, in which criminals take
over the flat of a vulnerable person or
addict to sell drugs. The operation was
the result of six months of planning by
the Met’s Trident anti-gang unit.
The commissioner was on patrol in
Hackney, east London, on Wednesday
evening, where she said gang tensions
were high after a spate of stabbings,
including the killing of 18-year-old
Israel Ogunsola.
She said the suspects had been
causing devastation and fear in communities. “They are very violent;
several of them have a history of serious violence; at least one is suspected
of regularly using a firearm,” she said.
“Not only have they been, as it
appears to us, supplying crack cocaine
and heroin, they have been making
a huge amount of money. They have
been exploiting vulnerable people,
and very young people have been
engaged in the drug-dealing operation. So they need to be locked up.
“In the past two weeks or so, and in
particular since last weekend, we’ve
been doing more and more. The Met
is working very hard.”
The Remains of the
Day to be adapted
for the theatre
Chris Wiegand
Twenty-five years after it was made
into an Oscar-nominated film, Kazuo
Ishiguro’s Booker prize-winning novel
The Remains of the Day is to be adapted
for the stage. Ishiguro will collaborate
on the adaptation, by the playwright
and novelist Barney Norris. It will
premiere at Northampton’s Royal &
Derngate in February 2019.
Ishiguro won the Booker prize in
1989 for his poignant novel about a
journey undertaken by an English
butler, Stevens, who looks back over
his life in service at Darlington Hall. It
became a film in 1993 starring Anthony
Hopkins as the butler and Emma
Thompson as Miss Kenton, Darlington Hall’s former housekeeper, with
whom Stevens is reunited. It earned
eight Oscar nominations.
The stage version will be directed
by Christopher Haydon, who said
“Barney Norris has exactly the theatrical understanding and delicate
sensibility to turn this engaging and
highly political love story into a moving and dynamic piece of theatre.”
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:16 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 12/4/2018 20:02
•
16
The Guardian Friday 13 April 2018
National
Envoys criticise the treatment of
Windrush generation by Britain
Immigration anomaly leaves
many Caribbeans in UK
facing threat of deportation
Amelia Gentleman
Caribbean diplomats have condemned
the Home Office’s treatment of many
long-term, Commonwealth-born UK
residents as “illegal immigrants”.
They have called on the government
to resolve an immigration anomaly
that has left many people being denied
health services, prevented from working, and facing destitution, detention
and possible deportation despite having lived in Britain for decades.
At an unprecedented meeting
of high commissioners from all the
Caribbean Commonwealth nations,
diplomats called on Britain to adopt
a more compassionate approach to
individuals who arrived from Caribbean countries as children in the 1950s
and 60s and were never formally naturalised. Thousands are encountering
serious immigration problems because
they have no documents.
With June bringing the 70th anniversary of the Windrush generation,
who sailed from Caribbean countries
at the invitation of the British government, Guy Hewitt, high commissioner
for Barbados to the UK, said: “I am dismayed that people who gave their all to
Britain could be seemingly discarded
so matter-of-factly. Seventy years after
Windrush, we are again facing a new
wave of hostility. This is about people
saying, as they said 70 years ago: ‘Go
back home.’ It is not good enough for
people who gave their lives to this
country to be treated like this.”
At next week’s Commonwealth
heads of government meeting in
London, the Caribbean nations are
expected to call on Britain to act with
“urgency and compassion” to secure
the status of pre-1971 Caribbean-born,
undocumented UK residents.
The Jamaican high commissioner,
Seth George Ramocan, said many
people had contacted his office to ask
how they could get their situation regularised. He said most were afraid of
cYanmaGentaYellowb
contacting the Home Office directly.
“They are afraid of taking it to the
authorities to get it sorted out because
they worry they won’t get help but will
be told they are illegal,” he said.
He said he had dealt with cases of
people who had lived all their adult
lives in the UK, who visited Jamaica for
a parent’s funeral and then found they
were refused entry back into the UK.
Most people in this situation still
had no idea they were likely to face
difficulties under the newly tightened
immigration regime, he said. “That’s
the tragedy of it. These are people who
have been here since childhood and
have no sense that they are not British.
These are law-abiding people.”
The problem has its roots in a 1940s
decision to invite British subjects of former colonies to come to help address
acute postwar labour shortages .
550,000
Number of West Indians who, after
a postwar appeal by Britain, moved
to the UK between 1948 and 1973
Between 1948 and 1973, about 550,000
West Indians (nearly 15% of the population) migrated to the UK.
The Migration Observatory at
Oxford University says 50,000 Commonwealth-born people currently in
the UK, who arrived before 1971, may
not have regularised their residency
status. Many left the Caribbean when
their islands were still colonies and
considered themselves British.
Diplomats and immigration lawyers
suggested that the British government
could resolve the issue by announcing
a window during which people could
be fast-tracked to getting their papers,
with the process offered for free.
They also suggested that the burden
of documentary proof on individuals
in this situation should be reduced.
Herman Ouseley, former chair of the
Commission for Racial Equality and a
crossbench peer in the House of Lords,
said racism was at the root of the issue,
with people “targeted because of the
colour of their skin”. He said: “People
are staggered to know that this country is treating people who have been
here for 50 years in this way.”
A Home Office spokesperson said:
“We want to assure individuals who
have resided in the UK for an extended
period, but feel they may not have
the correct documentation confirming their status, that there are existing
solutions available.”
Journal Gary Younge Page 1 Section:GDN 1N PaGe:17 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
Friday 13 April 2018 The Guardian
Sent at 12/4/2018 20:02
cYanmaGentaYellowb
•
17
‘These are
people who
have been
here since
childhood
and have no
sense they’re
not British’
Seth George
Ramocan
West Indian
immigrants
arrived at the
port of Tilbury,
on the Thames
estuary, aboard
The Empire
Windrush on
22 June 1948
PHOTOGRAPH:
ALAMY STOCK PHOTO
Apology from
Home Office
over woman’s
deportation case
Diane Taylor
The husband of a woman who died five
days after she was accused of faking illness to avoid deportation has received
an apology from the Home Office for
aspects of its handling of the case.
Nancy Motsamai, 35, collapsed
at Heathrow on 7 March as she was
escorted to a flight to her native South
Africa. An immigration official questioned whether she was really sick,
and she and her husband were put
into detention overnight. They were
released next morning but she died of
a pulmonary embolism on 12 March.
Fusi Motsamai, also 35, said the
Home Office failed to promptly release
her passport so that her body could be
transported to South Africa for burial.
He said his distress was compounded
two weeks after her death when the
Home Office sent a text to her phone
warning her of penalties if she did
not attend an appointment at a Home
Office reporting centre.
A letter of apology, written on the
same day the Guardian reported on
the case, apologises for the time it has
taken to send a copy of the passport,
and says it has now been dispatched.
The letter also refers to the text message: “I appreciate that following her
death it must have been distressing to
receive this text.”
It said that “given the circumstances” Fusi Motsamai’s requirement
to report fortnightly to the Home Office
would be temporarily suspended.
His wife’s body was eventually flown
to South Africa on 5 April after the
country’s high commission agreed
to provide an emergency travel
document.
Motsamai said: “I am still so angry
inside about what the Home Office did.
I believe they have apologised because
of the media coverage. I just hope that
my going public about this might stop
the Home Office from treating others
in this way.”
▲ Fusi and Nancy Motsamai had been
living legally in Britain for a decade
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Section:GDN 1N PaGe:18 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:S
Sent at 12/4/2018 19:29
•
18
Ex-suspect
in Lawrence
murder to
repay £6,000
of drug cash
cYanmaGentaYellow
The Guardian Friday 13 April 2018
National
Press Association
A former suspect in the murder of
Stephen Lawrence was ordered yesterday to repay £6,000 reaped from a
drug ring, or face a further four months
behind bars.
Neil Acourt was jailed for six years
and three months last February for
conspiracy to supply class B drugs as
part of a £750,000 criminal scheme.
He was said to have been the “man
at the top” of a two-year conspiracy
that involved dozens of 600-mile
round trips from London to the South
Shields area of South Tyneside, ferrying drugs up and taking cash back.
The 42-year-old, of Eltham, southeast London, was arrested in relation
to the racist attack on Lawrence, 18,
who was stabbed to death by a gang of
white men at a bus stop in Eltham in
1993. But the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) formally discontinued the
case against him after a meeting with
the senior investigating officer.
Acourt, a father of one who is also
known as Neil Stuart, was taken from
HMP Standford Hill for a confiscation
hearing at Kingston crown court.
Judge Susan Tapping found that, on
the balance of probabilities, the plot
involved 10 trips involving 55kg of cannabis and two involving 100kg. Each
kilogram was worth £1,000. She said:
“The total benefit figure for this conspiracy is £750,000.”
Acourt, who appeared wearing a
grey prison tracksuit, and two of his
co-conspirators were found to each
be liable for the full amount.
He was said to have £6,000 of realisable assets and was told to repay that
In brief
Courts
Jury clears soldier of
terrorism offence
A British soldier who kept a photo
of himself giving a Nazi-style salute
was cleared of a terrorism offence at
Birmingham crown court yesterday.
A jury found Cpl Mikko
Vehvilainen, a white supremacist
who collected a host of legally held
weaponry, not guilty of possessing
a manifesto by the mass murderer
Anders Breivik, and of two counts of
stirring up racial hatred, relating to
forum posts on a white nationalist
Legal
Rugby player seeks to
recoup rape trial costs
An Irish rugby international who
was acquitted of rape is attempting
to recoup his legal costs, it has
emerged.
The Ulster player Paddy Jackson,
pictured, is seeking to recover some
or all of the money he spent on legal
representation during the nine-week
trial at Belfast crown court.
Justice Patricia Smyth, the trial
judge, will hear his case. Jackson,
26, and his Ireland and Ulster
colleague Stuart Olding, 25, were
cleared of raping a woman at a house
party two years ago. Two other
men, Blane McIlroy, 26, and Rory
sum along with a victim surcharge of
£120. He will have three months to pay
and if he defaults will receive a further
four months in jail, the judge ruled.
A serious crime prevention order
was also put in place, effective from
the day of his release, which requires
him to keep police informed of the
vehicles he uses and of his financial
affairs. He will also be prohibited from
associating with six unnamed people.
In 2012, Gary Dobson and David
Norris were convicted at the Old Bailey of murdering Mr Lawrence and
jailed for life.
website. The 33-year-old pleaded
guilty to a separate charge of having
a banned canister of CS gas, which
he kept in a drawer at a property he
was renovating in Llansilin, Powys.
Vehvilainen, of the Royal Anglian
Regiment, kept a homemade target
dummy in the garage of his barracks
home at Sennybridge Camp, Brecon,
and had a container filled with 11
knives, knuckle-dusters, a face mask
and a box of Nazi flags, all legally
held. He kept a licensed shotgun,
a crossbow and bow, and had parts
capable of being made into a crude
electromagnetic pulse device. He
also had other Nazi paraphernalia.
A 23-year-old man, who cannot be
named for legal reasons, was cleared
of having Breivik’s manifesto but
convicted of three other terrorism
offences. He and Vehvilainen will
be sentenced today. PA
Harrison, 25, were also unanimously
acquitted of other charges. Jackson
had to privately fund his costs,
which are estimated to be more than
£100,000; Olding was granted legal
aid halfway through the trial.
Women’s rights campaigners
are holding a demonstration at the
home of Ulster rugby before the
province’s clash with Welsh side
Ospreys today. Henry McDonald
Privacy
Crime
Instagram to let users
download their data
Murder inquiry after
girl found dead in park
Instagram has said it will let
users download their personal
data, including previously shared
photos, videos and messages, as
it prepares for the European data
regulation GDPR. While its parent
company, Facebook, had announced
a suite of GDPR controls, which
Mark Zuckerberg emphasised
during his testimony to Congress
this week, Instagram had been
quiet on the issue.
GDPR (General Data Protection
Regulation) brings with it a number
of rights, including to demand
deletion of data, to opt out of data
collection, and to view the personal
data a company possesses and to
download it in a format that can be
moved to competitors. Alex Hern
A murder investigation has been
launched after a girl’s body was
found in a park.
The teenager was discovered
by a member of the public in West
Park, Wolverhampton, at around
7am yesterday. She was pronounced
dead at the scene and her family
were being supported by specialist
officers, West Midlands police said.
The park was cordoned off to
allow forensic examinations to take
place and a postmortem will be held
in due course.
Det Ch Insp Edward Foster, who is
leading the investigation, said: “The
investigation is at an early stage,
but we’re really keen to hear from
anyone who was in or around the
park overnight.” PA
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:19 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 12/4/2018 18:59
cYanmaGentaYellowb
•
Friday 13 April 2018 The Guardian
National
19
▼ Nancy Carroll with Roger Allam,
Anthony Calf and Paul Jesson in ‘an
enlightening play full of romanticism’
PHOTOGRAPH: TRISTRAM KENTON/GUARDIAN
‘Nancy Carroll shows
the tensions between
her role as gracious
Sussex chatelaine
and understandably
ambitious artist’
Theatre review
A moving celebration of married
love and opera on South Downs
The Moderate Soprano
Duke of York’s, London
★★★★☆
David Hare’s play is unusual
for this day and age, with an
extraordinary relationship
at its heart rather than
colliding artistic visions,
writes Michael Billington
I
t has taken almost three
years for David Hare’s play
about the foundation of
Glyndebourne Opera in 1934
to make the journey from
Hampstead theatre to the
West End. It has been worth the
wait for this is a deeply moving play
about the power of married love,
the importance of great art and
the dependence of what seems a
quintessentially English institution
on European emigre talent.
It will come as no great news
to opera lovers that Glyndebourne’s
prewar reputation was founded
on the work of three refugees –
the conductor Fritz Busch, the
Tributes paid following death of
stage and W1A actor Alex Beckett
Chris Wiegand
The Donmar Warehouse in London has
announced the sudden death of the
actor Alex Beckett, who was appearing
in the theatre’s production The Way
of the World.
In a joint statement, the Donmar’s
artistic director, Josie Rourke, and
its executive producer, Kate Pakenham, said: “We are deeply shocked by
▲ Beckett died suddenly, aged 35, the
Donmar Warehouse announced
director Carl Ebert and the intendant
Rudolf Bing – from Nazi Germany.
Even if it takes time to fill in their
personal backgrounds, Hare extracts
rich comedy from the conflict
between their professional expertise
and the bull-headed obduracy of
John Christie who first conceived the
idea of an opera house on the South
Downs of Sussex.
Christie emerges as a benign
autocrat who, ironically, gives
house-room to three men fleeing
dictatorship. Told that his theatre is
a jewellery box rather than an epic
stage suited to his beloved Wagner,
Christie has to be persuaded into
presenting Mozart, of whom he
the tragic loss of our dear friend and
brilliant actor Alex Beckett, a muchloved member of The Way of the
World company. [We] are completely
devastated by this terribly sad news.
“We have decided to cancel the
remaining performances this week,
as a mark of respect to Alex, and to
give some time to the company, who
all loved Alex as an actor, and a friend.”
Beckett, who was 35, won acclaim
for his performance in the revival of
William Congreve’s 1700 comedy. The
Guardian’s Michael Billington praised
his “rich support” in the role of the
“far-from-green valet” Waitwell.
Jessica Hynes , who appeared
with Beckett in the BBC comedies
Twenty Twelve and W1A, said he was
says: “He may be great but is he
any good?”
This is, however, less a play about
colliding artistic visions than about
an extraordinary marriage. Christie’s
wife, Audrey Mildmay, was a singer
who was a moderate soprano in
multiple senses: not just that her
voice was gentle in timbre and better
suited to intimate than large houses
but that she was a calming influence
in the battles between her husband
and the refugee trio. Gradually you
realise the play is both a tribute
to Mildmay and an improbable
love story. Nothing is more touching
than the spectacle of the uxorious
Christie, when his wife is raging
against the dying of the light in 1952,
seeking to console her by itemising
the Mozart operas, in many of
which she appeared, of the fabled
prewar seasons.
Hare has written an unusual
play for this day and age: one
that celebrates both love and a
supposedly elitist art form. One
of the high points of Roger Allam’s
superb performance as Christie
comes when he defends the practical
difficulties, as well as the high costs,
of getting to Glyndebourne on the
grounds of the artistic enrichment
offered. To some, the experience
is simply “snobs on the lawn” but
when Christie says “we’re talking
about the sublime”, Allam’s voice
vibrates with passion. But Allam
also gives us other sides of the
contradictory Christie such as the
patrician arrogance that led him to
sack Ebert, played by Anthony Calf,
with peremptory abruptness.
Nancy Carroll is every bit as
impressive as Mildmay. She shows
the tension between her role as
gracious Sussex chatelaine and
understandably ambitious artist,
and perfectly captures the ravaged
intensity of the singer’s final years.
Paul Jesson repeats his performance
as Busch, still burned by the
memory of momentarily wavering
when offered the Bayreuth festival
by the Nazis. Calf also brings out
Ebert’s implacable aestheticism and
Jacob Fortune-Lloyd evokes Bing’s
Austrian charm. Jeremy Herrin’s
direction, meanwhile, does justice
to an enlightening play that, like
much of Hare’s work, is full of an
alert romanticism.
Roger Allam
as John Christie
Until 30 June. Box Office: 0844 871
7627, and for tickets online go to
atgtickets.com/venues/duke-of-yorks
“a wonderful, clever, kind, brilliant
person – so glad to have known him,
so sad he is gone”.
Beckett’s gift for comedy was in full
effect in the satirical TV series as the
shock-headed Barney Lumsden, who
works for the agency Perfect Curve
with Hynes’s Siobhan Sharpe.
Born in Carmarthenshire, southWales, Beckett trained at the Royal
Academy of Dramatic Art in London
and graduated in 2003. He played
Borachio in a West End staging of Much
Ado About Nothing, starring David
Tennant and Catherine Tate. He also
appeared in Edward II at the National
Theatre, as Lancaster, and in The
Changeling at the Young Vic, directed
both times by Joe Hill-Gibbins. Beckett
starred with Zawe Ashton and Alison
Steadman in Here by Michael Frayn
at the Rose theatre, Kingston, in 2012.
The year after he was in the National
Theatre Wales production Praxis
Makes Perfect. A hi-tech 2017 touring
production of Pygmalion offered
a playfully bracing take on George
Bernard Shaw’s comedy, with Beckett
cast as Henry Higgins.
The Guardian’s Alfred Hickling gave
the production four stars, writing:
“Alex Beckett’s professor sports
the Shavian beard of a Shoreditch
uber-geek and is as overweeningly
self-involved as Sherlock and Dr
Gregory House. Yet he embodies an
anti-romantic instinct that is Shavian
to the core.”
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:20 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 12/4/2018 20:21
•
20
Russian exile
may have
died as result
of seafood
poisoning
cYanmaGentaYellowb
The Guardian Friday 13 April 2018
National
Press Association
The main suspect in the death of
a Russian whistleblower was the
seafood he ate during a meal in Paris,
an inquest was told yesterday.
Alexander Perepilichnyy may
have died as result of a “malignant”
poisoner at the restaurant, it was also
claimed at the Old Bailey.
Perepilichnyy collapsed while jogging near his home in Weybridge,
Surrey, in November 2012. He had
spent the night before with his girlfriend, Elmira Medynska, at the
Buddha Bar in Paris.
He sent back tempura prawns and
ate either sushi or sashimi then vomited repeatedly when he got back to
his hotel. Giving evidence on Wednesday, Medynska said: “I think maybe he
vomited because it was not good food
in the restaurant.”
The inquest heard yesterday from a
cardiologist on the effects of fish poisoning on the heart. Peter Wilmshurst
said histamine or scombroid poisoning
could result from eating fish such as
salmon, tuna and mackerel. Symptoms
include rashes, hives, cramps, vomiting, a peppery taste and itching.
“It’s rarely fatal … It often causes
the heart rate to go fast,” said Wilmshurst, adding he was aware of a case of
an Australian woman and her daughter who died in Bali.
He said there was more than a 50%
chance it was poisoning, if Perepilichnyy had eaten fish at the restaurant.
Asked if that contributed to his
death, he said: “If one accepts he had
scombroid fish poisoning that night
then dies the next day having had a
condition 18 hours earlier – if you
cannot find any other reason, that
becomes the No 1 suspects.”
Robert Moxon Browne QC, for Legal
and General Assurance, said: “It seems
likely that Mr Perepilichnyy ate something that disagreed with him on the
night before his death. That could have
been because someone malignantly
put poison in his food.”
John Beggs QC, for the family, suggested Perepilichnyy was used to fine
dining and would know if food did not
taste how it was supposed to.
The inquest continues.
‘Iraqi Frankenstein’ vies
with two ex-winners
for international Booker
Sian Cain
An Iraqi author’s “horrific” reimagining of Frankenstein set loose in
wartorn Baghdad is up for the Man
Booker international prize for fiction
in translation, competing against two
previous winners, Hungary’s László
Krasznahorkai and South Korea’s
Han Kang. Ahmed Saadawi, who has
already won the “Arabic Booker” – the
international prize for Arabic fiction –
for his novel Frankenstein in Baghdad
in 2014, is up for the £50,000 prize,
shared equally between author and
translator, with his English translator
Jonathan Wright.
Saadawi’s novel, which the judges
said “accrues in horrors as you move
through it”, sees a Baghdad junk dealer
assemble body parts left on the streets
and stitch them together to make a
political statement, but the corpse
goes missing – resulting in a series of
eerie murders across the city.
Han, who won the prize in 2016 for
her novel The Vegetarian, is shortlisted
for The White Book, which draws
on her own experience of losing an
older sibling, who died before Han
was born, and explores the various
symbolic meanings of colour white.
Fellow former winner Krasznahorkai
is nominated for The World Goes On,
a collection of 21 stories set in different locations worldwide.
Competing against the Hungarian
heavyweight is Polish author Olga
Tokarczuk’s Flights, the first of her
novels to be translated into English.
Exploring the concept of travel and
anatomy, Tokarczuk’s book spans
several centuries, from the story of a
17th Dutch anatomist who dissected
his own amputated leg, to the present
day, where a Polish emigre returns to
her home country to poison her terminally ill childhood sweetheart.
Also up for the top prize is the
French journalist, filmmaker and former sex worker Virginie Despentes, for
her novel Vernon Subutex 1, described
by the judges as a “racy, sexy urban
picaresque”. And Spain’s Antonio
Muñoz Molina, author of more than
a dozen novels, is nominated for Like
a Fading Shadow, which explores
the story of James Earl Ray, assassin
of American civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr, and the 10 days he
spent in Lisbon while attempting to
evade the FBI.
The 2018 shortlist is “only united
in diversity”, said chair of judges and
novelist Lisa Appignanesi. “There
are books with very strong narrative,
books with lyrical atmosphere as their
forefront, and books with a real density of metaphysical preoccupation.
These six were definitely the best, in
terms of the energy of the narrative
and their formal exhilaration.”
Despite coming from very different cultures, Despentes’ and
Saadawi’s novels were “both angry,
ironic books ... [about] people who
have fallen through the net of capitalist endeavour”, Appignanesi said,
while Krasznahorkai and Tokarczuk
were “both Eastern European, and
sharing a tradition as well as existential angst”.
Translated fiction accounts for 7%
of literary fiction sales in the UK, with
the Man Booker International winner
a considerable powerhouse each year.
Joining Appignanesi on the judging
panel are translator and writer Michael
Hofmann, authors Hari Kunzru and
Helen Oyeyemi, and journalist Tim
Martin. The winner will be announced
22 May at a dinner in London.
Who they are
International shortlist
Vernon Subutex 1
Virginie Despentes, translated by
Frank Wynne (France)
The White Book
Han Kang, translated by Deborah
Smith (South Korea)
The World Goes On
László Krasznahorkai, translated
by John Batki, Ottilie Mulzet and
George Szirtes (Hungary)
Like a Fading Shadow
Antonio Muñoz Molina, translated
by Camilo A Ramirez (Spain)
Frankenstein in Baghdad
Ahmed Saadawi, translated by
Jonathan Wright (Iraq)
Flights
Olga Tokarczuk, translated by
Jennifer Croft (Poland)
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:21 Edition Date:180413 Edition:03 Zone:
Sent at 12/4/2018 23:47
cYanmaGentaYellowb
•••
Friday 13 April 2018 The Guardian
National
21
Ex-Rochdale council leader lied
to us, child abuse inquiry finds
Richard Farnell could face
a police investigation after
his evidence ‘defied belief’
Josh Halliday
North of England correspondent
Rochdale’s recently resigned council leader is facing a possible police
investigation after an official inquiry
concluded that he lied under oath
about child sexual abuse allegations.
The independent inquiry into child
sexual abuse (IICSA), established in
2014 by the then home secretary, Theresa May, said the evidence given by
Richard Farnell about his knowledge
of abuse in the town defied belief. As
Greater Manchester police said it was
considering launching a perjury investigation, Farnell was suspended by the
Labour party but claimed in a statement that he had told the truth.
The report, the inquiry’s first into
abuse in the UK, follows three weeks
of evidence about allegations dating
from the early 1960s to the mid-1990s.
It concluded there was no deliberate
cover-up by the authorities but there
was “a careless and wholly inadequate
response” to the serious sexual abuse
at the council-run Knowl View school.
The report also criticised Margaret Thatcher’s “remarkable” decision
to award a knighthood to the suspected child abuser Cyril Smith. It
said the knighthood in 1988 showed
the unwillingness of those at the highest level to believe the late politician’s
alleged victims.
Catalan’s lawyers: Spain ‘is
abusing EU arrest warrant’
Libby Brooks
Scotland correspondent
Lawyers for Clara Ponsatí, a Catalan
academic facing extradition from Scotland to Spain on charges of rebellion,
accused Madrid yesterday of abusing
the European arrest warrant.
At a hearing in Edinburgh, Gordon
Jackson QC said: “The fundamental
position which is taken here is the
abuse of process. This is wrapping up
in legalistic form something which is
purely a political decision.”
Ponsatí also faces charges of misusing €1.6m (£1.4m) of public funds
in her role in the Catalan regional government, which organised an illegal
independence referendum in October. The warrant blamed her in part
for injuries it claimed Spanish security
forces sustained as they attempted to
close down polling stations.
After the hearing at Edinburgh sheriff court, her lawyer Aamer Anwar said:
Prof Alexis Jay, the chair of the
inquiry, said: “After listening to the
evidence presented by a number of
victims and survivors in Rochdale at
the time, I am deeply disturbed at the
evidence of extensive abuse and the
institutional responses to that abuse.
“I hope that the public hearings and
this report has offered them some
measure of acknowledgement for their
suffering.”
Farnell was the leader of Rochdale council between 1986 and 1992,
and returned to the job in 2014 after a
career in journalism. He resigned as
council leader on 8 December after
weeks of pressure over his testimony
in October. Farnell told the inquiry he
first heard of sexual abuse claims in
2012 when the scandal erupted. However, the inquiry said it defied belief
“Scotland has a proud history of protecting those who face a grave risk of
injustice and oppression, and we will
argue that Spain is guilty of abusing
the European arrest warrant.”
Ponsatí, who heads the University
of St Andrews’ economics school,
returned to Scotland via Belgium
after fleeing Catalonia with the former
Catalan president Carles Puigdemont
and three others following the forced
removal of his government by Spain.
Jackson told the court that a
substantial amount of preparation
remained to be done on the case for
the full hearing, which he estimated
would last at least eight days and
require witnesses from outside the
jurisdiction, raising the possibility of
Spanish authorities being called.
that he did not know earlier. It was
shameful, the inquiry said, that Farnell “refused to accept any personal
responsibility for the young lives
blighted” while he was leader.
In a statement, Farnell said that
there was clear evidence he was not
informed about Knowl View during
his time as leader. “I told the truth,”
he said.
The 156-page report concluded that
Rochdale authorities showed a total
lack of urgency in addressing the sexual exploitation of boys at Knowl View.
Pupils were sexually exploited in the
town centre, the bus station and at
public toilets across the road from the
council’s offices over a 20-year period,
it found.
The police and Paul Rowen, the
former Liberal Democrat MP for Rochdale who succeeded Farnell as council
leader in 1992, were also criticised in
the report.
Richard Scorer, a solicitor at the
law firm Slater & Gordon who represented victims, said: “This report is
very damning and a huge vindication
of the men who have been making
these complaints over many years.”
▲ Prof Clara Ponsatí with her lawyer
Aamer Anwar (left) and supporters
after yesterday’s extradition hearing
PHOTOGRAPH: JANE BARLOW/PA
A crowd of about 50 supporters
gathered outside the court, waving
saltires and Catalan flags, and chanting “Carla! Carla!” as Ponsatí emerged
after her appearance. A crowdfunding
appeal to support her legal costs has
reached more than £234,000.
Continuing attempts to form a new
Catalan government had another setback yesterday after Spain’s supreme
court again refused the release of Jordi
Sànchez, who has been put forward as
a presidential candidate.
Additional reporting Sam Jones
Sample from
Captain Cook’s
larder reveals
ancestry of
sweet potato
Nicola Davis
The sweet potato is ubiquitous enough
to seem almost mundane – but its
origins have long been shrouded in
mystery. Now scientists say they
have solved the puzzle, in the process scotching the idea that people in
the Americas were in touch with Polynesians before Europeans arrived in
the New World in the 15th century.
The research reveals the sweet
potato evolved just once, probably in
central or northern South America,
originating from a single ancestor.
What’s more, an analysis of a sample
from a 250-year-old sweet potato
plant collected during Captain Cook’s
voyage to the South Pacific on HMS
Endeavour suggests the spuds arrived
in Polynesia via ocean currents.
“I think we have proved there is no
need to claim human transportation
of the sweet potato across the Pacific –
there is much more powerful evidence
for naturally driven dispersal,” said
Pablo Muñoz-Rodríguez, a PhD student and first author of the research,
from the University of Oxford.
It is the latest blow to the theory of
early contact between Polynesians and
the Americas: researchers looking at
chicken DNA have recently dismissed
the idea that the birds travelled across
the ocean aboard vessels from the
South Pacific islands, hundreds of
years before Columbus, although the
findings have been hotly disputed.
To delve into the sweet potato’s
past, Muñoz-Rodríguez and colleagues
analysed genetic material from almost
200 specimens of the plant and its 14
closely related wild species to reconstruct a sort of “family tree”.
The results reveal that the sweet
potato is more closely related to one
wild species, Ipomoea trifida, than any
other, suggesting that both evolved
from a common ancestor.
“All the evidence points to Ipomoea
trifida being the only species with a
role in the origin of the sweet potato,”
said Muñoz-Rodríguez.
The team adds that this branch in
the family tree occurred long before
humans walked the Earth, with one
estimate putting it at least 800,000
years ago. Moreover, the analysis suggests the sweet potato interbred with
Ipomoea trifida at some point within
56,000 years of the two species evolving from their common ancestor.
The research, published in the journal Current Biology, also unpicks the
longstanding mystery of how sweet
potatoes cropped up in Polynesia
before Europeans set foot in the Americas, where the plant evolved.
While some have suggested the
plant’s presence points to communication between inhabitants of the
two regions, the latest study suggests
it is more likely that seeds of the sweet
potato simply floated across the Pacific
on sea currents.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:22 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 12/4/2018 16:08
cYanmaGentaYellowb
•
The Guardian Friday 13 April 2018
National
22
Remains of the poet Coleridge
found laid down in wine cellar
Excavation of church crypt
uncovers coffin of oenophile
and writer behind 1960s wall
Maev Kennedy
It probably would not have surprised
his friends, but the remains of Samuel
Taylor Coleridge have been rediscovered in a wine cellar.
Literary pilgrims have long paid
respects at the memorial plaques to
the poet in the church above, unaware
that his lead coffin was behind a brick
wall at one end of the 17th-century
cellar. The space was incorporated
into the crypt of St Michael’s when the
church was built in 1831 on Highgate
Hill in north London.
“It has been said that you could see
it as appropriate, but it is not in a very
fitting state for him, and the family
would support the plans to improve it,”
said Richard Coleridge, a great-greatgreat-grandson of the poet and a police
officer based in Newham.
Coleridge’s well preserved coffin is
just visible through a ventilation brick,
together with those of his wife, Sara,
his daughter, also Sara, his son-in-law
and his grandson.
St Michael’s plans to restore the
crypt – which is still half full of rubble
from Ashhurst House, a demolished
mansion that preceded the church
– and allow access to the last resting
place of one of the most renowned
English poets.
At present the only way of visiting
the space is to go down a flight of stairs,
through a door and then to clamber
through piles of bricks and dust.
“From a safety point of view it
would be quite impossible to bring
members of the public down here,”
said the vicar of St Michael’s, Kunle
Ayodeji. “But we hope that the whole
crypt can be cleared as a space for
meetings and other uses, which would
also allow access to Coleridge’s cellar.
I don’t think we would open up a view
of the coffins, but we could place a suitable inscription on the wall.”
The author of The Rime of the
Ancient Mariner, and Kubla Khan,
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was a genius who suffered from
poor health and depression. A heavy
drinker, he also became addicted to
laudanum, a form of opium originally
prescribed for his health. He died in
July 1834, aged 61.
Coleridge could see the distinctive red door of the handsome new
church from his last home across the
green, where he lodged with a doctor
he hoped could cure him – a house now
owned by the model Kate Moss.
He was buried in the nearby chapel
of Highgate school. By 1961 the vault
had become derelict, and after a fundraising appeal the coffins were moved
to St Michael’s, with the then poet
laureate, John Masefield, giving an
address at the unveiling of the stone.
But in the words of Drew Clode, a
member of the St Michael’s stewardship committee: “Poor Coleridge was
moved from a tip to a tip – they put the
coffins in a convenient space which
was dry and secure, bricked them up
and forgot about them, and never did
anything about the rest of the space.”
As people died or moved away from
the parish, the exact location of the
coffins was forgotten, until a recent
excavation revealed the entrance to
the vault.
Through the ventilation block in the
1960s brick wall, excavators saw five
coffins almost directly below a memorial slab in the nave that read: “Beneath
this stone lies the body of Samuel Taylor Coleridge”.
▲ Coleridge’s coffin was found in a
cellar next to a London church’s crypt
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Section:GDN 1N PaGe:23 Edition Date:180413 Edition:03 Zone:
Sent at 12/4/2018 23:49
cYanmaGentaYellowb
•••
Friday 13 April 2018 The Guardian
23
Woman rescued
from ‘slavery’ in
Brighton returns
to Indonesia
Kate Lamb
Jakarta
An Indonesian woman allegedly kept
as a slave by a family for almost two
decades has returned to her homeland
after being rescued by the Metropolitan police’s modern slavery unit.
Parinah Iksan Binti Dullah, 50, flew
into Jakarta on Wednesday, having left
Banyumas in Central Java in 1999 to
be a domestic worker in Saudi Arabia.
At first she was able to communicate with her family, but when her
employers moved to Brighton in the
early 2000s she was allegedly subject
to more stringent controls.
Dullah says she was banned from
leaving the house unaccompanied and
apart from a one-off payment of £1,000
did not receive a salary for 18 years.
She says she repeatedly asked to be
paid and to go home, but her employer
told her the money was being kept in
the bank and she would return home
“later”. Before boarding the flight
from London, Dullah said she hoped
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her case would be a lesson for others.
“Female migrant workers must be vigilant if they want to go home and their
employer says ‘later’,” she told Indonesian news source Tempo.co.
Dullah says she sneaked out of the
house in January and sent a letter of
distress to her family. Before getting
the correspondence, her relatives in
Java had not heard from her since
2005. Her family contacted the Indonesian authorities, who informed the
Indonesian embassy in London.
When the embassy contacted the
family holding Dullah, who are said to
have refused to release her, it prompting them to contact the Met’s modern
slavery unit, which picked her up in
Brighton this month.
Dullah’s three children reportedly
wept as they greeted their mother.
The Guardian understands a Middle
Eastern family, a couple and their two
children, are under investigation and
in police custody in Britain.
▲ Parinah Iksan Binti Dullah waves
as she boards a plane for Jakarta
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Section:GDN 1N PaGe:24 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 12/4/2018 14:40
mono
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:25 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
Friday 13 April 2018 The Guardian
Sent at 12/4/2018 18:20
cYanmaGentaYellowb
•
Electrifying!
Sweden opens first
all-electric road
Page 31
Silence breaker
Uber whistleblower
fights new battle
Page 29
25
‘It was a really good
place for journalism,
but before the polls
every second story
was about migrants’
András Pető
Former Origo.hu deputy editor
Hungarian state TV told to
run false stories and focus
on migrants – journalists
Employees describe how
channels pumped out
propaganda in runup to vote
Dan Nolan Budapest
Shaun Walker Central and
eastern Europe correspondent
Employees of Hungary’s state television network have revealed how its
channels pumped out government
messages, and at times false stories,
with the goal of winning support
for Viktor Orbán’s anti-immigration
position for this week’s elections.
Orbán and his Fidesz party achieved
a third consecutive majority in the
Hungarian parliament last Sunday
after a campaign primarily fought
on an anti-migrant platform. International monitors later complained
about the campaign’s “intimidating and xenophobic rhetoric” and
noted that public television “clearly
favoured the ruling coalition, at odds
with international standards”.
The Guardian spoke to several
employees of the taxpayer-funded
MTVA network, which has an annual
budget of about 80bn forint (£220m),
who recalled how the network would
focus on negative stories about refugees and migrants. Even on the eve
of polling the channel incorrectly
reported that a van that drove into a
crowd of people in Münster, Germany,
was an Islamist terrorist attack.
“I’d never experienced anything
like that, even at MTVA. It was a clear
lie,” said one journalist.
The government message that
millions of dangerous migrants are
waiting to enter Hungary was reinforced on TV and on thousands of
billboards across the country.
Meanwhile, the Hungarian-born
financier and philanthropist George
Soros, who has put billions of dollars
into promoting civil society in central
and eastern Europe, was portrayed as
being part of a plot with Brussels and
the political opposition to destroy
Hungary by letting in foreigners. “I
think it created an atmosphere of fear,”
the journalist said.
News programmes regularly
showed archive footage from 2015 of
migrants in Budapest, clashes between
refugees and riot police at the HungarySerbia border or terrorist attacks
in Europe. “Tolerance is regularly
criticised, while anti-immigration
sentiment is presented as the only
valid opinion,” the journalist said.
It is believed the anti-migrant
messages often come directly from
the government. On the night of the
▲ Viktor Orbán leaves a polling station
after casting his vote last weekend
▲ The government’s anti-immigrant
rhetoric was reinforced by billboards
in Budapest and across the country
PHOTOGRAPH: DARKO VOJINOVIC/AP
election a leading editor at the network
punched the air in jubilation as he took
a phone call. Shortly afterwards, his
staff realised what he had been told:
Orbán had secured a third consecutive
term as prime minister.
People who worked on stories
directly involving Orbán received a
list of keywords to use. “Sometimes
the editor will come into the office on
the phone and dictate a whole story
to us, word for word. We do not know
who is on the other end of the phone,”
said one journalist.
Documents sent in error to junior
MTVA staff appear to confirm direct
government involvement. Editorial
directives produced by staff at the
prime minister’s office are “cut and
pasted” to give journalists talking
points with which to carry out character assassinations of Hungarian
citizens critical of the government.
One directive from the prime minister’s office last year targeted the
activist Márton Gulyás, as well as a former Green party MP and a university
professor. Another document focused
on Soros.
An evening of debate organised by
Gulyás entitled “resistance, disobedience – without violence” is spun as
proof that Gulyás was preparing for
unrest and clashes with police.
“It was completely ridiculous,”
Gulyás said. “We had these plans to
protest against the government, but
our intentions were of course completely non-violent. But pro-Fidesz
outlets were constantly accusing us of
creating violence and scandals.”
When asked about the government
directives, a spokesperson for Orbán
said the government has no control
over the media. MTVA did not respond
to a request for comment.
Over the past eight years, Orbán has
moved to consolidate his hold over
Hungarian print, TV and radio networks, with many media resources
being bought by government-linked
figures. Origo.hu, a popular news
website, is one of many resources
that changed hands, moving from a
subsidiary of Deutsche Telekom to
ownership by the son of the governor
of Hungary’s central bank.
András Pető, who was the deputy
editor but left in 2014 to co-found a
new wesbite, direkt36.hu, said: “It was
a really good place to do journalism,
but then they started putting pressure on us to ignore certain stories.
We didn’t comply, and my editor was
forced out.
“I looked at Origo in the weeks
before the election, and every second story had the word migrant in
the headline.”
Meanwhile, the governmentfriendly media largely ignore d
corruption scandals that broke in the
run-up to the election involving leading Fidesz figures.
Orbán now has four more years to
rule, with a two-thirds majority in parliament that allows him to change the
constitution, and there are fears that
the government may move against the
remaining islands of critical media.
The final edition of the daily Magyar
Nemzet, one of the few outlets to run
critical stories before the election,
was out yesterday. The newspaper’s
owner, a businessman who fell out
with Orbán, decided to stop funding it.
After the vote, TV2, a television
channel owned by a governmentfriendly businessman, ran a report
naming 24 alleged Soros agents,
including Gulyás, independent
journalists and NGO leaders. On
Wednesday, the pro-government
weekly Figyelő also ran a list of supposed Soros agents.
The journalists decided to speak out
“from a sense of decency and truth”,
and said some state TV employees
were thinking of resigning after the
election result. “I felt terrible, because
I could see we can and did influence
people,” said one. “Some of us had
reassured ourselves that nobody
watches us, that we don’t matter. It
turns out that we do.”
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:26 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
•
26
Eyewitness
Sent at 12/4/2018 16:02
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The Guardian Friday 13 April 2018
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:27 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
Friday 13 April 2018 The Guardian
Sent at 12/4/2018 16:02
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•
▼ Gold Coast, Australia
England’s Jack Haslam dives in the
3-metre springboard preliminary
round at the Commonwealth Games
PHOTOGRAPH: QUINN ROONEY/GETTY IMAGES
27
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:28 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 12/4/2018 17:43
•
28
The Guardian Friday 13 April 2018
World
‘Historic moment’ as New Zealand
bans new offshore oil exploration
Eleanor Ainge Roy
Dunedin
The New Zealand government will
grant no new offshore oil exploration
permits in a move that is being hailed
by conservation and environmental
groups as a historic victory in the battle against climate change.
The ban will apply to new permits
and won’t affect the existing 22, some
of which have decades left on their
exploration rights and cover an area
of 100,000 sq km (40,000 sq miles).
The prime minister, Jacinda
Ardern, said her government “has a
plan to transition towards a carbonneutral future, one that looks 30 years
in advance”. “Transitions have to start
somewhere and unless we make decisions today that will essentially take
cYanmaGentaYellowb
effect in 30 or more years’ time, we run
the risk of acting too late and causing
abrupt shocks to communities and our
country.”
The Labour coalition government was elected last year and made
tackling climate change one of the
cornerstones of its policies, committing to transition to 100% of electricity
generation from renewable sources by
2035 and making the economy carbon
neutral by 2050.
Greenpeace New Zealand said the
government’s announcement was a
“historic moment” for the country and
“a huge win for our climate and people
power”. Last month Ardern accepted
a 50,000-strong Greenpeace petition
calling for an end to offshore oil and
gas exploration.
“The tide has turned irreversibly
against big oil in New Zealand,” said
▲ The prime minister Jacinda Ardern
has promised a carbon-neutral future
Greenpeace New Zealand executive
director, Russel Norman.
“By ending new oil and gas exploration in our waters, the fourth-largest
exclusive economic zone on the planet
is out of bounds for new fossil fuel
exploitation. New Zealand has stood
up to one of the most powerful industries in the world.”
The opposition National party
labelled the ban as “economic vandalism”. “This decision will ensure
the demise of an industry that provides over 8,000 high-paying jobs and
$2.5bn (£1.3bn) for the economy,” said
the energy and resources spokesman,
Jonathan Young.
“This decision is devoid of any
rationale. It certainly has nothing to
do with climate change. These changes
will simply shift production elsewhere
in the world, not reduce emissions.”
The Forest & Bird conservation
group said the ban was a “huge step
forward” and sent a message to the
oil and gas industry that New Zealand
waters were no longer “their playground”. “Half the world’s whale and
dolphin species visit or live in New
Zealand waters,” said its chief executive Kevin Hague. “Today, these
sensitive creatures are made safer
from the threat of oil spills and the
sonic barrage of seismic testing.
“Keeping New Zealand’s oil and gas
in the ground reduces everyone’s risk,
and tells the world we’re serious about
reducing our contribution to climate
change.”
In brief
Sweden
Tibetan charged with
spying for the Chinese
Sweden has charged a 49-year-old
Tibetan with spying on fellow exiles
for the Chinese government.
Prosecutors said the unnamed
man, who was working for the
newspaper Voice of Tibet, was
suspected of supplying information
about the families, housing and
travel plans of “certain people of
importance to the Chinese regime”.
A state prosecutor, Mats
Ljungqvist, said the man had been
in touch with Chinese officials in
Poland and Finland. He had been
paid 50,000 kronor (£4,200) on one
occasion. “This is a very serious
crime,” Ljungqvist told Swedish
media. Lily Kuo Hong Kong
United States
LA prosecutors look at
Spacey assault claims
Punks make
their point
Members of
Myanmar’s
alternative
subculture
made their
annual
pilgrimage to
the Thingyan
water festival
in Yangon
yesterday
to mark the
new year and
rebel against
intolerance.
Prosecutors in Los Angeles are
reviewing sexual assault allegations
against the actor Kevin Spacey. The
investigation in California adds
to three already active in London
against the two-time Oscar-winner.
Prosecutors from the LA district
attorney’s industry sex crimes
taskforce are considering whether
to bring a charge over a claim that
Spacey, 58, attacked a man in West
Hollywood in October 1992.
Scotland Yard has been
investigating allegations of sexual
assault on three men in London
between 2005 and 2008.
A spokeswoman for Spacey’s legal
team declined to comment. PA
India
High winds topple two
pillars at the Taj Mahal
PHOTOGRAPH:
LYNN BO BO/EPA
‘Majestic’ biography of Aboriginal
activist wins women’s book prize
Stephanie Convery
Alexis Wright knew there was no
way she could capture a personality
as significant as that of the Indigenous Australian activist Leigh Bruce
“Tracker” Tilmouth in a conventional
biography, so she didn’t try.
Instead, over six years, before his
death in 2015 and afterwards, Wright
compiled interviews, anecdotes and
testimony from those who knew the
man, and brought it together in a volume of close to 600 pages.
That book, Tracker, has won the
sixth annual Stella prize for writing
by Australian women, worth A$50,000
(£27,000). The judges said Tracker,
published by Giramondo, was an
“extraordinary, majestic book”.
Wright, a Waanyi woman, who
won Australia’s Miles Franklin Literary award in 2007 for her novel
Carpentaria, said being recognised by
the Stella prize was “a great honour”
because it would help bring the story
of “a huge personality … an important
person in the Aboriginal world” to a
wider readership.
Tilmouth was an Arrente man
known for his relentless advocacy
for Indigenous people. “He’d walk
through doors that other people would
never dare to walk through just so he
could present an Aboriginal position
and get people on side,” said Wright.
A member of the stolen generations
– children of Indigenous Australian
descent who were forcibly removed
from their families – Tilmouth assisted
Indigenous communities with issues
such as land rights, negotiations
with mining companies, economic
development and environmental
protection.
“He thought outside the box and he
had huge ideas on how to construct
an Aboriginal economy for what he
called the enjoyment of land rights,”
said Wright.
“He said he took up a space that a
lot of other people didn’t want to, or
didn’t know how to … He would say
he could be a chameleon and he could
be whatever you wanted him to be.”
Tracker is written in what Wright
calls “consensus storytelling” – a style
inspired by collective decision-making
in Aboriginal communities – in which
interviews with Tilmouth are interspersed with the voices of people who
knew and worked with him.
A storm has destroyed two ancient
pillars at gates to the Taj Mahal. The
four-metre high sandstone minarets
topped by ornate spires were left in
pieces (below) after being felled by
strong winds late Wednesday.
“Two decorative pillars collapsed
last night amid high-velocity winds.
One of the pillars stood at the royal
gate and the other at the southern
gate,” said an official from the
Archaeological Survey of India.
The mausoleum itself and
the four white marble minarets
surrounding it were not damaged in
the storm, authorities said. Tourists
often get their first glimpse of the
Taj through the royal gate. AFP Delhi
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:29 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
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•
Friday 13 April 2018 The Guardian
World
29
▼ The whistleblower Susan Fowler
has had a huge impact in the fight for
gender equality in the workplace
PHOTOGRAPH: SHALON VAN TINE
Silence breaker
Uber employee
turned accidental
celebrity fights on
for gender equality
Engineer who kickstarted
sexual harassment fightback
tackles ‘forced arbitration’
Sam Levin
San Francisco
S
usan Fowler has a simple
explanation for her
decision to become a
whistleblower: it was
her only option. The
software engineer had
no idea that a blogpost detailing her
experience of sexual harassment
and discrimination at Uber would
spread across the globe and pave the
way for the ousting of the company’s
CEO, Travis Kalanick, and many
powerful men in the tech industry.
The impetus for publishing the
2,900-word story was an obscure
legal clause that prevented her
from seeking justice in court. “I was
appalled I had unwittingly signed
away my constitutional rights,”
the 26-year-old told the Guardian.
“Somebody had to step up.”
Fowler, whose name has become
synonymous with the fight for
gender equality in the workplace, is
now using her accidental celebrity
status to fight what’s known as
“forced arbitration”.
This is a practice that allows
companies to push employee
complaints into secretive hearings,
which hide labour violations from
the public, silence victims with nondisclosure agreements and often
protect serial offenders.
The system has been widely
used for decades, but the standards
of what’s acceptable in corporate
America have dramatically shifted
since Fowler came forward.
Much of the contemporary
#MeToo reckoning can, in fact, be
traced back to her 19 February 2017
blogpost, which foreshadowed the
Harvey Weinstein scandal and the
uncovering of sexual harassment
and abuse in entertainment,
media, publishing and a plethora
of industries.
Fowler is modest about her
impact. Although she’s outspoken
on Twitter and has graced the
cover of Time magazine alongside
Taylor Swift and Ashley Judd as
the “Silence Breakers” Person of
the Year, Fowler said she is “really
introverted and really shy”, adding:
“It’s hard for me to get out there
and talk.”
But speaking about arbitration
and new California legislation to
combat the practice comes easily
to Fowler, who is on maternity
leave from her job at the tech
company Stripe, said: “This would
be the biggest thing you could do
to stop the cycle of harassment,
discrimination and retaliation in
the workplace.”
Part of the reason her account
of “One Very, Very Strange Year
At Uber” went so viral was that it
seemed she did everything right to
speak up about documented and
blatant harassment – yet was failed
at every step.
She alleged that as soon as
she was hired, a manager sent
her inappropriate messages over
the company chat and that the
HR department brushed aside
her complaint and told her to
find another team. Fowler wrote
that the company protected
this man despite claims from
multiple female engineers, and
despite evidence of numerous
instances of discrimination, a
manager threatened to fire her if
she continued reporting to HR.
Eventually, she quit.
“I think about what I went
through and even worse what I saw
some of my co-workers go through,”
she recalled, “and I think what
would make it so this would never
happen again?”
The stories of abuse Fowler has
heard since speaking out have been
devastating, she added: “They ruin
lives. They destroy careers. This is
such unnecessary suffering.”
Fowler said she was shocked
when she realised that Uber
effectively forced all its workers as a
condition of employment to waive
their basic rights to even allege
labour violations in court. And so did
every other company in the industry
and beyond. “I didn’t know how
systemic of an issue it was.”
Fowler, who said she no longer
uses Uber to get around, has
recently been outspoken about
another group of people affected
by her former company’s tactics
– passengers who say they have
been sexually assaulted by drivers.
In March, court records revealed
that the company has tried to stop
a class-action lawsuit by forcing
women into individual private
‘I was appalled that
I had unwittingly
signed away my
constitutional
rights. Somebody
had to step up’
▲ Fowler on the cover of Time
magazine with ‘The Silence Breakers’
arbitration, a move that critics say
would cover up a pattern of abuse.
Fowler is backing a proposed
California bill that would prohibit
employers from forcing staff to
waive their right to bring labour
claims in court.
The legislation aims to support
vulnerable low-wage and “gig
economy” workers who suffer wage
theft, discrimination, harassment,
assault and other abuses, but are
often unable to file complaints due
to mandatory arbitration clauses,
said the California assembly member
Lorena Gonzalez Fletcher, who is
introducing the bill next week.
“You have women from all walks
of life really standing together and
saying, hey this affects all of us.”
California often leads the nation
in progressive labour law, but
corporations have used arbitration
to essentially erase those gains,
added Caitlin Vega, the legislative
director of the California Labor
Federation, the bill’s sponsor:
“Our goal is to restore workers’
access to a fair and open process.”
Although companies such as Uber
and Google say they strive to be
leaders in diversity and inclusion,
they have openly resisted these
reforms. Microsoft announced it
was ending forced arbitration in
harassment cases earlier this year,
but no other big companies have
followed.
F
owler argued that the
industry’s stubborn
commitment to the
status quo directly
impedes diversity efforts
at the notoriously maledominated tech firms. Ending forced
arbitration would help companies
recruit female applicants and,
crucially, help retain them, she said.
Uber’s new CEO recently told
Fowler on Twitter he would
“take a look” at her suggestion,
but it’s unclear if the company
is considering reforms or would
oppose the legislation.
Uber claimed the company
currently has an “opt-out provision”
for arbitration, but declined to say
when it was adopted or comment
further. Google did not respond to
inquiries.
Fowler said her newborn daughter
motivates her to continue fighting
and using the massive platform she
never imagined she would have:
“I realise that I have people listening
to me, and I can’t squander that
opportunity.”
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:30 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 12/4/2018 17:20
•
30
The Guardian Friday 13 April 2018
World
French police
‘faking child
migrant ages’
to expel them
Angela Giuffrida
Rome
Seven Italian charities have accused
French border police of falsifying the
birth dates of migrant children travelling alone in an attempt to pass them
off as adults and send them back to
Italy.
In an appeal to the European commission and Italy’s interior ministry,
the charities highlighted evidence
of two cases in which birth dates
appeared to have been modified on
“refusal of entry” documents.
One of the alleged incidents happened in March when charity staff
were monitoring the situation around
the Italian border town of Ventimiglia.
Most migrants attempting the
journey north into France by train
pass through Ventimiglia, only to be
sent back by officers patrolling Menton-Garavan, the first stop along the
southern French coastal route.
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“We were only there by chance but
saw two minors, who we knew well,
being stopped by French police,” said
Daniela Ziterosa, a legal assistant at
the charity Intersos.
“We saw the police write the incorrect date of birth on the ‘refusal of
entry’ document. One of the children
took a photo of the document and
you can see his date of birth has been
changed from the one he declared.
“We managed to block them from
being sent back and eventually the
French took them in.”
The accusations threaten to worsen
already fraught relations between Italy
and France over the border, less than
two weeks after French agents showed
▲ Migrants wait for a train to Turin
in Bardonecchia after trying to cross
the border into France
PHOTOGRAPH: ANTONIO MASIELLO/GETTY
up at an Italian train station and forced
a Nigerian migrant suspected of carrying drugs to take a urine test.
The boy who took the photo of the
document was born in Eritrea on 1
October 2001, but the date on the form
was modified to 1 January 2000. He
arrived in Italy in June last year and
was attempting to reach Sweden,
where his brother lives.
EU law stipulates that unaccompanied minors must be protected and
those seeking asylum in one member
state have the right to be transferred to
another where they have family.
In that respect, the charities also
criticise Italy for failing to implement adequate procedures for family
reunification, leaving many children
stranded and with no choice but to
attempt the journey themselves.
The number of people arriving in
Italy by boat has fallen significantly
in the past nine months, owing to a
controversial pact made with Libya.
However, Italy still records the highest
number of arrivals by boat in Europe;
6,894 people have landed on the
country’s southern shores since the
beginning of the year, according to the
UN’s migration agency.
Many people venture north in an
attempt to cross into France, Austria
or Switzerland. But border patrols
make this nearly impossible, with
towns such as Ventimiglia becoming
bottlenecks. About 200 people are
currently sleeping under a bridge in
the town, according to Ziterosa. Many
also attempt to cross via a treacherous
mountain pass.
A source at the Italian border police
said if there is doubt over a migrant’s
age then French authorities can refer
to an Italian databank. “We identify
people after they land, so we know if
they are minors or adults,” the source
said. “So if they are any doubts, the
French authorities can check with us.
And if the people are minors they have
to take them, not send them back.”
AfD deputy leader
sorry for Münster
van attack tweet
Associated Press
Berlin
A deputy leader of the far-right party
Alternative for Germany (AfD) has
apologised for falsely blaming a fatal
van attack in Münster on Islamist
extremists.
Beatrix von Storch said on her
Facebook page yesterday: “I made a
mistake with my tweet about Münster
and I’m sorry. Like millions of Germans I assumed that it was an Islamic
attack.”
The apology came after widespread
criticism of her tweet suggesting
Angela Merkel’s open-door refugee
policy was to blame after a man drove
into a crowd last Saturday. Two people
were killed and many more injured.
When authorities revealed that
the van driver was a German with no
known extremist links, Von Storch initially held her line, tweeting that the
suspect was an “imitator of Islamist
terror”.
The state interior minister, Herbert Reul, had criticised people for
spreading misinformation online and
claiming a refugee was responsible.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:31 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
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•
Friday 13 April 2018 The Guardian
World
31
Darling buds
of April
Bonnet-clad
townswomen
at the Beelitz
asparagus
festival in
Germany carry
baskets full
of the spring
vegetable. The
annual festival
in the town
south of Berlin
celebrates
the seasonal
delicacy
PHOTOGRAPH:
HAYOUNG JEON/EPA
Sweden opens first
charge-as-you-drive
electrified road
Scalextric-style embedded
live rail system may be
extended for 12,000 miles
Daniel Boffey
Brussels
The world’s first electrified road,
which recharges the batteries of cars
and lorries driving along it, has been
opened in Sweden.
About 1.2 miles of electric rail was
embedded in the public road near
Stockholm, and the government’s
roads agency has drafted a national
map for expansion of the scheme.
Sweden’s target of achieving independence from fossil fuels by 2030
requires a 70% reduction in their use
in the transport sector.
The technology behind the electrification of the road linking Stockholm
Arlanda airport to a logistics site outside the capital city aims to solve the
thorny problems of keeping electric
vehicles charged and the manufacture
of their batteries affordable.
In 2016 a stretch of motorway in
Sweden, just over a mile long, was
adapted with similar technology but
that scheme had overhead power
lines at lorry height, making it unusable for electric cars. The new scheme
transfers energy from two tracks of
rail in the road via a movable arm
attached to the bottom of the vehicles. The design is not dissimilar to
that of a Scalextric track. When vehicles overtake, the arms automatically
disconnect, and when vehicles stop
the current is disconnected.
The electrified road is split into 50metre sections, with an individual
section powered only when a vehicle
is above it. The system calculates vehicle energy consumption, which allows
the electricity costs to be debited per
vehicle and user.
“Dynamic charging”, as opposed
to the use of roadside charging posts,
means vehicle batteries can be smaller,
along with their manufacturing costs.
Hans Säll, chief executive of the
eRoadArlanda consortium behind the
project, said vehicles and roadways
could be adapted to take advantage of
the technology. In Sweden there were
roughly half a million kilometres of
roadway, of which 20,000km (about
12,400 miles) were highways, he said.
“If we electrify 20,000km of highways that will definitely be enough,”
Säll added. “The distance between two
highways is never more than 45km
and electric cars can already travel
that distance without needing to be
recharged. Some believe it would be
enough to electrify 5,000km.”
At a price of €1m (£870,000) a kilometre the cost of electrification is said
to be 50 times lower than that required
to construct an urban tram line.
Säll said: “There is no electricity on
the surface. There are two tracks, just
like an outlet in the wall. Five or six
centimetres down is where the electricity is. If you flood the road with salt
water the electricity level at the surface is just one volt. You could walk
on it barefoot.”
National grids are increasingly moving away from power generation from
coal and oil, and battery storage is seen
as crucial to switching over the energy
source for transportation.
Sweden’s first
electrified road
covers 1.2 miles
in Stockholm.
The project, by
eRoadArlanda,
uses conductive
technology with
live rails sunk
in the road to
power vehicles
Pompeo admits
to questioning
by Mueller but
refuses to share
what was said
David Smith
Washington
Mike Pompeo, nominated to be Donald
Trump’s next secretary of state,
confirmed yesterday that he had been
interviewed by Robert Mueller in the
investigation into Russian meddling
in the presidential election.
Pompeo, the current director of
the CIA, was responding to questions
about potential obstruction of justice
at the start of his Senate confirmation
hearing on Capitol Hill.
Bob Menendez of New Jersey, the
top Democrat on the Senate foreign
relations committee, asked Pompeo
about a Washington Post report that
in March last year he and the National
Intelligence director, Dan Coats, were
alone with Trump when he complained about the FBI investigation
and James Comey’s handling of it.
“This account strongly suggests
the president asked you and Director Coats to interfere with then FBI
director Comey’s investigations into
the Trump campaign’s contacts with
Russia,” Menendez said. “What did
President Trump say to you and Director Coats in that meeting?”
Pompeo replied: “Senator, I’m not
going to talk about the conversations
that the president and I had … But the
article’s suggestion that he asked me to
do anything improper is false.”
He continued: “I don’t recall what
he asked me. But I’m with the president an awful lot – he has never
asked me to do anything I considered
remotely improper.”
But Pompeo added: “I spoke
with Special Counsel Mueller, who
interviewed me. Requested an interview, I cooperated.” He declined to
reveal the subject of the conversation.
Later, Pompeo was pressed by
Senator Jeanne Shaheen, of New
Hampshire, on whether he agreed with
Trump’s characterisation of the Russia investigation as a “witch-hunt” and
whether the president had the right to
fire Mueller. He declined to comment.
Pompeo, a former Kansas congressman, was nominated by Trump
last month to succeed Rex Tillerson
as the US’s top diplomat. The state
department has been marginalised
under Tillerson’s leadership and old
allies around the world have been left
bemused by mixed messages from an
impulsive president.
Pompeo is seen as a foreign policy
hawk, opposed to the Iran nuclear
deal, and has been criticised for his
past support for the Iraq war and
tolerance of waterboarding and other
methods of torture.
▲ The CIA director, Mike Pompeo, is
Trump’s pick to be secretary of state
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:32 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
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32
The Guardian Friday 13 April 2018
World
▼ Al Hassan , centre, with his counsel,
left, before his initial appearance at
the ICC in The Hague last week
PHOTOGRAPH: PETER DEJONG/AP
Case of Muslim
girl’s rape and
murder in India
disrupted by
Hindu groups
Michael Safi
Delhi
When police in northern India went
to court on Monday to file charges
implicating eight men in the rape and
murder of a Muslim child, they were
confronted by dozens of Hindu lawyers determined to keep them out.
The killing of eight-year-old Asifa
Bano and Hindu groups’ efforts to
disrupt the investigation have sickened many Indians and deepened
concerns about a sense of impunity
among religious nationalists.
Details of the offences were released
on Wednesday. Police said Asifa, a
member of a nomadic Muslim tribe,
was grazing horses on 10 January in
Kathua, a district of Jammu and Kashmir state, when a farmhand lured her
away. She was held in a small Hindu
temple, drugged, raped for five days by
a group of men and killed with a rock.
Police allege the crime was intricately planned by Sanji Ram, the
temple custodian, who they say agreed
to pay local officers 500,000 rupees
(£5,400) to create false evidence to
lead investigators away from him and
his men. Ram was a staunch opponent of the settlement of the Muslim
tribe, known as the Bakarwals, in the
area, and saw Bano as a soft target to
frighten them into leaving, police said.
The arrest of Ram, his men and several police officers quickly took on
religious overtones. In February, state
ministers and senior officials from the
ruling Bharatiya Janata party (BJP)
helped to form a protest group that
marched through Kathua demanding
the release of one of the officers.
They argue that because some of the
investigating officers are Muslim, they
cannot be trusted to be impartial. They
want the case transferred to the Central Bureau of Investigation, an agency
overseen by the national government.
The prime minister, Narendra Modi,
a staunch Hindu nationalist, is yet to
comment on the case or the involvement of his party’s ministers and
officials in protests supporting some
of the accused men. Yesterday he and
other BJP officials were holding a daylong fast as part of a political feud with
opposition Congress party MPs.
Criminal cases have been registered against more than 40 lawyers
for trying to prevent the police filing
the charges on Monday. The district
bar association released a statement
in support of the protests.
Violence between Muslims and Hindus has been common in the seven
decades since Indian independence.
Critics of Modi say his rise to power
has emboldened Hindu extremists.
Ranjana Kumari, an activist and
the director of the Centre for Social
Research, said the silence about
Asifa’s murder from national leaders
was “horrendous”. “It is for political advantage with an election year
in 2019. It really is the lowest thing.”
ICC seeks to jail Mali extremist
for gender-linked persecution
Islamist ex-fighter accused of
torture and forcing women
and girls into sexual slavery
Jason Burke
Africa correspondent
The international criminal court in
The Hague has launched a potentially
groundbreaking prosecution for the
crime of persecution on the grounds
of gender, seeking a lengthy jail sentence for an Islamist militant accused
of forcing hundreds of women into
sexual slavery.
Al Hassan Ag Abdoul Aziz Ag
Mohamed Ag Mahmoud, 40, was
transferred to the court’s custody
this month from Mali, where he had
been held by local authorities for more
than a year.
The former extremist fighter is
accused of a long list of war crimes
and crimes against humanity, including torture, extrajudicial punishments
and participation in a policy of forced
marriage, which the court argues “led
to repeated rapes and sexual enslavement of women and girls”.
Al Hassan’s alleged offences were
committed during the occupation of
Timbuktu by radical Islamist groups
almost six years ago.
The international criminal court
(ICC) has attempted only one prosecution involving charges of persecution
on the grounds of gender, but the
charges were dropped and the case did
not reach trial. Melinda Reed, executive director of Women’s Initiatives
for Gender Justice, a civil organisation
based in The Hague that focuses on the
ICC, said the Al Hassan case was “very
encouraging”.
“It is another step in a positive evolution,” Reed said. “Every decision
matters. We are writing the jurisprudence of the future now, so every case
and every step is extremely important
with regards to gender-based and sexual crimes.”
Al Hassan appeared in court for the
first time last week but did not address
the allegations against him, instead
complaining about the conditions of
his detention.
“I was detained in a single room
with a camera,” he told the judge after
confirming his identity.
Al Hassan’s duty counsel told
the court his client believed the
circumstances of his detention were
“harming his dignity and his privacy”.
Fatou Bensouda, the lead ICC prosecutor, said she hoped the trial of
Al Hassan would “address the untold
suffering inflicted upon the Malian
population and what they hold dear
as a people”.
“The arrest and transfer of the suspect … to the custody of the ICC sends
a strong message to all those, wherever
they are, who commit crimes which
shock the conscience of humanity,”
Bensouda said.
Timbuktu fell to a coalition of
Tuareg rebels and Islamist militant factions, including al-Qaida in the Islamic
Maghreb and a local group called Ansar
Dine, in mid-2012.
They enforced a harsh version of
sharia law in areas under their control, banning music, forcing women to
wear the burqa, preventing girls from
‘This sends
a message
to all who
commit
crimes that
shock the
conscience
of humanity’
Fatou
Bensouda
attending school, and demolishing the
graves of saints.
Al Hassan joined Ansar Dine shortly
before its occupation of the city and
led a force of religious police, prosecutors say.
Born in a small village just north of
Timbuktu, Al Hassan is also alleged
to have worked closely with the religious tribunals set up by the occupiers
to impose a harsh version of Islamic
law, and is accused of participating in
the torture of detainees.
The jihadists left Timbuktu when
French soldiers advanced in January
2013. Al Hassan fled Mali. According
to court documents, he later rejoined
his former comrades and was arrested
a year ago by French troops after a gun
battle in the north of Mali.
The trial is only the second of an
Islamist militant at the ICC, which is
funded by governments and regarded
as a court of last resort.
It appears likely that Ahmad al-Faqi
al-Mahdi, a senior militant in Timbuktu during the occupation, who
was sentenced to nine years in prison
by the ICC for his role in the destruction of monuments, will testify as a
witness against Al Hassan.
The ICC has steadily broadened its
remit since its foundation in 2002,
with an increasing focus on violence
against women. One breakthrough
was the trial in 2016 of Jean-Pierre
Bemba, a former Congolese vice-president and warlord, in which, for the first
time, rape and sexual violence ranked
as the most prominent charges.
In the same year, ICC prosecutors
charged Dominic Ongwen, a former
commander of the Lord’s Resistance
Army in Uganda, with 70 counts of war
crimes and crimes against humanity,
including forced marriage.
The ICC will hold a hearing to confirm the charges against Al Hassan
in September.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:33 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 12/4/2018 19:08
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•
Friday 13 April 2018 The Guardian
33
£/€
£/$
FTSE 100
All share
Dow Indl
Nikkei 225
+
+
+
-
1.1554
1.4232
7258.34
3996.54
24551.21
21660.28
+0.0083
+0.0026
1.20
4.69
361.76
26.82
Hundreds of
jobs lost as
2 Sisters shuts
poultry plant
Simon Goodley
Hundreds of poultry workers in Scotland are to lose their jobs after the
closure of a plant belonging to 2 Sisters
Food Group, the UK’s largest supplier
of supermarket chicken which has
been dogged by a controversy over
food standards.
The company said yesterday it will
shut its Cambuslang factory in South
Lanarkshire in August. The site currently employs around 450 workers.
The move comes after 2 Sisters said
in February that 900 jobs were at risk
as it considered whether to close two of
its West Midlands factories in Smethwick and Wolverhampton, plus the
Cambuslang plant. That announcement followed a nightmare year for
the company, which has included a
Guardian and ITV undercover investigation that prompted production to be
suspended for five weeks last autumn
at the group’s West Bromwichplant.
In a statement confirming the closure of the site, the company said:
“This is not a decision we take lightly.
Since day one, we have been very open
on the big challenges the factory faces.
In fact we have been trying extremely
hard to reverse the position for a considerable period of time. We have
invested several million pounds since
2014 and expanded by taking on more
people, yet it is still a heavily loss-making operation.
“We have tried every turnaround
option available to us for several
years, ranging from cost reduction
measures and an attempt to grow the
business organically. It has made little difference.”
Last year’s undercover reports led
to an investigation into 2 Sisters by the
Food Standards Agency (FSA) which
highlighted “several process weaknesses and regulatory failures found
at 2SFG plants”.
The Guardian/ITV footage shot at 2
Sisters’ West Bromwich chicken plant
showed poultry being dropped on the
floor and returned to the production
line, as well as an instance of labels
recording the slaughter dates of birds
being changed. 2 Sisters had claimed
there was an innocent explanation for
changing the date labels. However, the
FSA report concluded: “No justification for this incident of label changes
could be established.”
The chicken processor denied the
film revealed any food safety breaches
and said it had temporarily suspended
production at the factory because of
process failures, adding its “internal
investigation has shown some isolated
instances of non-compliance with our
own quality management systems”.
British Airways firm has eye
on rival transatlantic carrier
IAG informs stock market of
bid interest in fast growing
low-cost airline Norwegian
Rob Davies
The owner of British Airways has said
it is considering making a bid for the
rival airline Norwegian, amid fierce
competition between the two for
transatlantic passengers.
International Airlines Group (IAG),
formed via the 2010 merger of BA with
Iberia, said it had built up a stake of
4.6% in Norwegian, and that it considered the rapidly expanding airline
an “attractive investment”.
In a statement to the stock market,
IAG said: “The minority investment is
intended to establish a position from
which to initiate discussions with Norwegian, including the possibility of a
full offer for Norwegian.”
Norwegian’s shares rose 47% on
the back of IAG’s interest,taking its
stock-market value above £900m on
the Oslo exchange, and shares in IAG
closed down more than 1%. Norwegian
said it had not known of IAG’s interest
until press reports yesterday morning and had not held any discussions
with IAG. It added that the BA owner’s interest confirmed the potential
of Norwegian’s business model and
its growth prospects.
Norwegian has proved a thorn in
BA’s side of late, launching low-cost
transatlantic routes and picking up
new landing slots at Gatwick in its
expansion plans. Norwegian launched
its transatlantic service from the UK
and Ireland last year with some oneway fares as low as £69, although that
excluded reserved seats, onboard food
and checked-in baggage.
Norwegian is the fastest growing
large-scale transatlantic carrier, with
scheduled capacity for the summer
of 2018 of more than 1.5 million passengers, an 87% increase on last year,
according to data compiled for the
Guardian by the flight data firm OAG.
Typically Norwegian has been
able to undercut traditional airlines
by offering passengers the option to
forgo services such as reserved seats
or inflight meals.
BA responded this week by starting
its own long-haul no-frills option, and
has launched a transatlantic service
called Level, flying from Barcelona.
John Strickland, director of JLS
Consulting, said an IAG takeover of
Norwegian made sense given the
rivalry. “IAG has been proactive in
response to Norwegian’s growth by
Tally of two airlines
Company
IAG
Norwegian
Fleet size
548
150
Passengers/
year
104.8m
33.9m
Staff
63,422
7,000
Destinations
268
CEO
Willie
Walsh
Annual
revenue
£19.9bn
£2.8bn
Annual
profit/(loss)
£2.16bn
(£96.5m)
150+
Bjørn
Kjos
▲ A Boeing 787 Dreamliner, part
of Norwegian’s fleet, which is set to
expand capacity by 87% this year
PHOTOGRAPH: BLOOMBERG/GETTY
competing in a number of ways including putting more seats on BA’s [Boeing]
777s out of Gatwick, setting up Level
and using Aer Lingus via Dublin.
“Norwegian is also not financially
strong, they made a loss last year and
have warned of a larger than anticipated first quarter loss. They’ve got
significant numbers of aircraft on
order and there’s a lot of industry conjecture about the sustainability of the
airline’s model considering the ambitious growth.”
Ryanair’s chief executive, Michael
O’Leary, predicted last year that
Norwegian would not survive the winter due to its ambitious growth plans
and rising costs.
The suggestion drew a fierce riposte
from Norwegian’s management, who
accused O’Leary of being annoyed at
losing his pilots to the airline.
IAG’s chief executive, Willie Walsh,
had been more complimentary about
Norwegian’s tactics, said Strickland.
“Walsh has said that Norwegian has
proved there’s a market for low-cost
long-haul – and has generated new
traffic rather than cannibalising what’s
there already.”
Since IAG was formed Walsh has
struck deals to take over the Spanish
low-cost carrier Vueling, Aer Lingus,
and BMI. If IAG bids for Norwegian it
could be forced to pay something close
to its £1.2bn deal for Aer Lingus.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:34 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 12/4/2018 19:11
•
34
cYanmaGentaYellowb
The Guardian Friday 13 April 2018
Financial
OECD urges use of
inheritance tax to
narrow wealth gap
Inequality will rise unless
governments take action,
says economic thinktank
Sean Farrell
Governments should consider using
the taxation system to reduce wealth
inequality, with inheritance tax the
favoured route, according to the west’s
leading economic thinktank.
Wealth inequality is greater than
income inequality and evidence
suggests disparities have increased
in recent decades, the Organisation
for Economic Co-operation and
Development (OECD) says in a report.
Wealth – such as property, savings, share portfolios and pensions
– grows and becomes self-reinforcing
because the rich have more to invest in
higher-yielding assets, greater financial knowhow and better access to
investment advice, the OECD says.
Rich people also have more power,
influence and opportunities and are
able to generate income without
having to work. Someone working for
€20,000 (£17,300) a year and another
person making the same money from
an investment are in different positions, the report, The Role and Design
of Net Wealth Taxes in the OECD, says.
“A key aspect of wealth accumulation is that it operates in a
self-reinforcing way; wealth begets
wealth,” the report says. “It may be
argued that wealth begets more power,
which may ultimately beget more
wealth. Overall, this means that, in
the absence of taxation, wealth inequality will tend to increase.”
The OECD’s report is in part a
response to the arguments of the
economist Thomas Piketty, who
has highlighted the importance of
wealth in entrenching inequality and
has called for a global wealth tax to
reduce inequality and increase social
mobility.
The number of developed countries
that tax wealth each year has shrunk
from 12 in 1994 to four – France,
Spain, Norway and Switzerland –
but the OECD says arguments for
a wealth tax are weak because it is
hard to implement and does not take
into account what is earned from an
individual’s wealth.
Taxing capital income would not do
enough to reduce wealth inequality
and the answer may lie in higher taxes
on inherited wealth, the OECD says.
Increased home ownership and
rising house prices mean the wealth
of younger generations now depends
more on how much they inherit,
increasing inequality. Inherited wealth
is also unearned and therefore unfair,
the report says.
By accepting the argument for
tougher wealth taxes and proposing
inheritance tax as a key measure, the
OECD is likely to stir debate in the UK,
where the tax is highly unpopular.
Inequality between the generations has surged, but most married
couples can leave up to £850,000 to
direct descendants without paying
inheritance tax. That figure will rise
to £1m by 2020.
Laura Gardiner, principal researcher
at the Resolution Foundation, a UK
thinktank, said: “The broad thrust of
the argument is very sensible. Wealth
is much more unequal than income
but we talk about it much less.”
No capital gains The chair of Spanish banking group Banco Santander, Ana
Botin, has warned that fewer financial professionals and companies will come
to London after Brexit. Admitting a Brexit exodus from the City will likely not
happen, she added: “It is the people that are not coming that we should worry
about because the UK was on a huge upward trend and that is not as strong now.”
Consumer lending drops as
credit cards fall from favour
Rob Davies
Banks and building societies reined in
their lending to consumers during the
first three months of 2018 at the fastest
rate since the credit crunch, according to fresh Bank of England figures.
The availability of unsecured loans
to consumers between January and
March slumped by the largest amount
since records began in 2007, accelerating a trend seen through last year.
Analysts said lenders had become
cautious in response to growing concern among regulators about rising
personal debt, especially on credit
cards, with lower demand also a factor.
The survey showed that consumer
lending tightened by an aggregate of
38.7%, the largest fall on record and
the fifth consecutive quarterly decline.
Howard Archer, chief economic
adviser at EY Item Club, said the Bank
had “warned that banks risk becoming
complacent in their lending behaviour so it should take some comfort
from banks reportedly tightening
their lending standards for granting
unsecured consumer credit”.
The steep fall was partly due to
a drop-off in approvals by lenders,
with successful credit card applications down 26.2% and other forms
of unsecured lending down 13.2%. But
there was also a declining demand for
loans, with credit cards again proving
the major driver, with a fall of 21.3%.
26.2%
Percentage fall in approvals of
credit card applications. Demand
for cards was also down, by 21.3%
Analysts at HSBC said: “Today’s survey shows that credit conditions are
tightening in the UK, at least for the
consumer. Lenders are getting more
cautious, perhaps as a consequence
of the weaker consumer environment
and slower economy, but perhaps also
in response to the Financial Conduct
Authority’s concerns about credit
card debt.”
Earlier this year, the FCA responded
to fears about rising debt with new
rules designed to help people with
consistently high credit card debt.
A decline in demand for mortgages
indicated continued weakness in the
housing market, with loan applications falling 29.3% in the first quarter.
Analysts at Capital Economics said
mortgage lenders were also becoming
more cautious, pointing to a balance
of 19% of lenders reporting a fall in
approved loan applications.
“That was the highest reading seen
in over five years, and suggests that
tightening credit criteria may have had
a meaningful effect on mortgage lending volumes,” they said.
But many expect a rebound in mortgage lending in the coming quarter.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:35 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 12/4/2018 19:11
•
Friday 13 April 2018 The Guardian
Financial
35
Business view
Larry Elliott
The daffodils are out – but the
homebuyers are not. And that’s
good news for generation rent
A
PHOTOGRAPH:
LEON NEIL /
GETTY IMAGES
Carpetright to
close 92 stores,
with 300 jobs
under threat
Sarah Butler
Carpetright has confirmed plans to
close 92 stores, with the potential loss
of 300 jobs, in a financial restructuring
designed to stave off administration.
Shares in the UK’s biggest carpet
retailer closed down 9.5% at 38.5p as
the company said it wanted to move
out of almost a quarter of its 409 stores
in September.
It will also ask landlords for rent
reductions of up to 50% on 113 more
sites under a company voluntary
arrangement (CVA), a process designed
to stave off insolvency, which must be
approved by its creditors on 26 April.
cYanmaGentaYellowb
Completion of the CVA will be dependent on Carpetright raising £60m in new
funds from shareholders to reduce
debt and cover the cost of the restructure. It also needs to secure £15m in
short-term funding from its banks to
cover immediate costs.
Carpetright, which has a UK workforce of 2,700, has issued a series of
profit warnings in recent months,
causing its shares to plunge.
The company said the closures
were necessary to “restore the viability of the group’s business model”
as it struggles to survive amid a slowdown in the housing market and a
squeeze on consumer spending that
▲ Carpetright is to ask shareholders
to stump up £60m to reduce debts
pril traditionally
marks the start of
Britain’s housebuying season. Once
the daffodils come
out estate agents
ready themselves for a rush of
prospective buyers.
Not this year, though. The body
that represents estate agents, the
Royal Institution of Chartered
Surveyors, says demand for housing
has now fallen for 12 months. New
buyer inquiries are down and that
is having a knock-on effect in the
mortgage market. A survey of
lenders by the Bank of England
shows a balance of 29% reporting
a fall in demand for loans secured
against property.
Inevitably, a lack of activity
means that house prices have
stopped rising across the UK as
a whole and in some parts of the
country are actually falling. In
London, the quarterly drop of
almost 4% in the first three months
of 2018 was the biggest since 2010.
Just to be clear, this is not a
national disaster: rather, the recent
developments are inevitable and
good. They show that even in the
weird world of the UK property
market – where demand is
encouraged and supply restricted
– the basic laws of economics
sometimes operate.
Demand for property is falling
because asking prices are too high
for buyers, even with interest rates
at exceptionally low rates. Prices
have been rising far faster than
has dampened demand for expensive household goods. It has also faced
increasing competition, particularly
from the Tapi chain, set up by Carpetright’s founder, Lord Harris, and
his son. Harris left Carpetright in 2014.
Several large retailers have fallen
into financial difficulty as they battle
rising costs, from business rates and an
increase in the minimum wage, as well
as a shift towards online shopping.
Carpetright’s troubles come a few
weeks after the fashion chain New
Look – advised by Deloitte, which is
also advising the carpet retailer – won
approval for a CVA that involves the
closure of up to 60 of its 593 stores and
rent reductions on dozens more.
The baby goods retailer Mothercare is thought to be considering a
similar move, while Toys R Us pushed
through a CVA before going bust earlier
this year. The toy retailer said yesterday that it would close its remaining
75 stores by 24 April, with the loss of
more than 2,000 jobs.
Carpetright said trading “remained
difficult” and that it expected to make
a small loss for the year to the end
of April.
earnings and that has made it harder
and harder for young people to get
on to the property ladder.
The house price to earnings
ratio needs to come down, and a
period of falling house prices makes
that happen. That process is now
under way as a result of squeezed
living standards, less generous tax
treatment for buy-to-let purchases,
and the prospect of higher interest
rates that are all helping to prevent
the cost of a home rising. For
London specifically, there is also a
Brexit effect.
To be sure, estate agents are
none too keen on the current state
of affairs. Philip Hammond would
probably like to see stronger housing
market activity as well, since it
would mean higher tax receipts.
But the recurrent house price
bubbles of the past four decades
have not been good news for
the economy. They have caused
financial instability, distorted
investment decisions and created
inter-generational unfairness.
Nobody in generation rent
struggling to buy their first flat
would think for one second that
a period of falling prices was
bad news.
Mordaunt has no choice
Penny Mordaunt has the easiest job
in the cabinet – and the hardest. As
international development secretary
she doesn’t have to worry about
money because her department has
been ringfenced against cuts since
2010 and Britain is one of only a
handful of countries to devote the
UN-recommended 0.7% of national
income to aid. That’s the easy bit.
The difficult bit is that there is
a sizeable – and vociferous – lobby
that is opposed to Britain protecting
aid spending when at home libraries
are being closed, child benefit is
being made less generous, and the
number of bobbies on the beat is
dwindling. The rightwing press
has long been calling for DfID’s
budget to be cut, and it has been
emboldened in recent weeks by
the Haitian sex scandal that has
engulfed Oxfam.
Mordaunt knows that her
department is under pressure to
justify its spending as never before.
In a speech yesterday she said voters
needed to be convinced that the
0.7% of GDP could “not be better
spent”.
Her plan involves using the aid
budget to leverage in private sector
investment into poor countries,
with a particular focus on providing
opportunities for British firms.
Mordaunt wants UK pension funds
to invest in Africa. There will also
be greater collaboration between
DfID and the other Whitehall
departments.
Inevitably, this led to a few raised
eyebrows. It would certainly be a
retrograde step were aid to be used
primarily for Britain’s own economic
or defence ends, which is what some
in the development community fear.
There is no reason why this
has to be the case. Private sector
money is certainly going to be
needed to finance Africa’s immense
infrastructure needs.
DfID guarantees that enable ports
to be built would be a good use of
public money. And if the aid budget
can facilitate exports of UK-built
wind turbines to Ethiopia, both
sides gain.
The harsh truth is that there is
no viable alternative to Mordaunt’s
stated approach. She can either
protect her budget by giving it
more of a British flavour, or it will
be whittled away completely. In
the current difficult circumstances,
that’s the choice.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:36 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 11/4/2018 16:33
cYanmaGentaYellowb
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:37 Edition Date:180413 Edition:03 Zone:
Sent at 12/4/2018 23:43
cYanmaGentaYellowb
•••
Friday 13 April 2018 The Guardian
Financial
37
Disney
‘must bid
for Sky’ if
Murdoch
offer fails
Energy firm EDF
adds 1.4% to
bills as ‘price-rise
season’ begins
Adam Vaughan
Energy correspondent
Mark Sweney
Disney will have to make a full bid for
Sky even if the competition regulator rejects Rupert Murdoch’s £11.7bn
attempt to buy 100% of the British
broadcaster, the UK Takeover Panel
ruled yesterday.
The US entertainment group has
made a $66bn (£49bn) bid for 21st
Century Fox, which owns a 39%
stake in Sky. Disney is also awaiting
the verdict from the Competition and
Markets Authority on whether to allow
Murdoch to buy the 61% of Sky he does
not own – a deal that was well in train
before the Disney transaction.
If the regulator clears his bid and
Disney is in turn allowed to complete
its Fox deal, then Sky will come under
the full ownership of Disney.
In December, Disney turned its
attention to an alternative scenario.
It made a submission to the UK Takeover Panel, a City watchdog, saying it
did not wish to be forced to pursue a
full takeover of Sky if Murdoch failed
to take full control.
Under rule 9.1 of the takeover
code, companies are normally forced
to make an offer if they buy a stake of
30% or more. Disney argued that the
rule should not apply because owning Sky was not a major motive for its
overall Fox deal, which includes buying the studio 20th Century Fox.
The watchdog disagreed yesterday,
saying: “The panel executive considers that securing control of Sky might
▲ The Sky drama
Britannia,
starring Zoë
Wanamaker.
The Competition
and Markets
Authority is to
rule on Fox’s
bid for Sky
PHOTOGRAPH: SKY UK
$66bn
The value of the takeover bid Disney
has made for 21st Century Fox,
which owns a 39% stake in Sky
61%
Proportion of Sky Rupert Murdoch
needs to take full control of the
broadcaster and has bid £11.7bn for
VW replaces chief in drive to
reinvent itself after dieselgate
Reuters
Volkswagen announced yesterday
that Herbert Diess will take over from
Matthias Müller as its chief executive,
adding fresh impetus to the company’s
efforts to slim down and reorganise the
way its 12 brands are managed.
The carmaker also said it planned
to create six new business areas and a
special portfolio for China, its largest
market, and split its brands into three
new vehicle groups with categories for
value, premium and super-premium
nameplates. The announcement was
made after Volkswagen directors
ousted Müller and deliberated ways
to reform an empire that includes
motorbike, bus, truck and passenger
car brands including Audi, Bentley,
Ducati, Porsche, Scania and Skoda.
Volkswagen replaced Müller after
he failed to refocus the group’s portfolio of car brands, a key pillar of
“Strategy 2025” to transform the company into a leader in cleaner cars after
the diesel emissions scandal of 2015.
The appointment of Diess, formerly the company’s brand manager,
was cheered by analysts. “Diess is a
man of action. He is the most plausible choice at VW to lead the group into
the next phase of its transformation,”
said Nord/LB analyst Frank Schwope,
who has a buy rating on Volkswagen.
‘Diess is the most
plausible choice at
VW to lead the group’
Frank Schwope
Nord/LB analyst
reasonably be considered to be a significant purpose of Disney’s acquiring
control of Fox. Following the acquisition by Disney of Fox, Disney will be
required to make a mandatory offer to
the holders of ordinary shares in Sky.”
The panel added that were Disney to
be required to make a separate offer to
take control of Sky then it would be at
£10.75 a share, the same price that Murdoch has tabled and has been accepted
by Sky’s directors. Analysts believe
that Sky is undervalued: it is trading
at £13 a share and could be valued at
up to £3 more.
“At this stage, Sky shareholders are
advised to take no further action,” the
pay-TV broadcaster said yesterday.
“Further advice to Sky shareholders
will be announced in due course.”
Last week, Disney offered to buy Sky
News to help Murdoch ease his deal
past regulators investigating whether
full control of Sky would give him too
much power over UK news media. The
A VW supervisory board source
told Reuters that Volkswagen was
planning pool management of all
its sports car brands except for Audi
under a planned revamp designed to
hike profitability.
The source said the super-premium
group would include sports car brands
Bentley, Bugatti, Lamborghini and
Porsche, while Audi would have its
own premium division.
In addition, there would be: a “volume” group that includes the VW
brand, Czech division Skoda and Spanish unit Seat; a “commercial vehicles”
category; a trucks and buses division
that includes MAN and Scania heavytruck brands; and another division for
Volkswagen’s MAN Turbo and Renk
units. The board wants to reorganise
the way that passenger car brands,
trucks and buses are grouped in a bid
to increase its development and engineering synergies and improve the
German carmaker’s competitiveness.
Volkswagen’s deliberations come as
rival carmakers and suppliers, including Fiat and Daimler, work on ways to
slim down and divest themselves of
non-core assets.
Murdochs also controls News UK, the
owner of the Times and the Sun, and
the radio station TalkSport.
Disney’s move would at a stroke
solve the media plurality issues that
have dogged Murdoch and blocked the
deal’s approval.
Fox has said it could easily get the
deal through by closing down Sky
News, a threat it would be unlikely
to carry out because of the potential
political fall out. The media regulator,
Ofcom, has said the loss of Sky News
could “present risks to plurality equal
to or greater than those presented by
the transaction itself”.
Instead, Fox has upped its pledge to
make Sky News independent within
the Sky operation. It has said it would
fund Sky News for at least 15 years.
Disney will not have to make a separate offer if Murdoch’s Sky takeover is
successful or Comcast, the US owner
of NBC Universal, moves to acquire
more than 50% of Sky.
EDF Energy has become the second
of the big-six energy suppliers to raise
prices this week, with a 1.4% increase
for more than a million customers.
The French state-owned supplier
will raise dual fuel bills for 1.3m
customers on standard variable tariffs,
increasing the average bill by £16 to
£1,158. The rise is relatively modest
compared to the 5.5% rise that British
Gas announced on Tuesday which
triggered government criticism.
Comparison sites said the move by
British Gas had paved the way for other
suppliers to put up prices, and urged
households to switch.
“Clearly the price rise from British
Gas earlier this week has opened the
floodgates and we’re now officially
in price-rise season,” said Stephen
Murray, at price comparison site
MoneySuperMarket.
EDF blamed the rise on a significant
increase in wholesale energy costs, as
well as government policies such as
clean energy subsidies, which have to
be paid through energy bills. It said the
introduction of smart meters, a government policy carried out by energy
suppliers, had also contributed.
Béatrice Bigois, managing director
of customers at EDF, said: “We know
price rises are not welcome and we
have worked to offset rising energy
and policy charges by cutting costs.”
The firm added that 59% of its customers would not be affected, limiting
the rise to 1.3m households, because
they are on fixed or protected tariffs.
The increase comes ahead of the
government’s plans for a price cap on
standard variable tariffs, but that is
not expected to take effect until the
end of the year.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:38 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 12/4/2018 11:56
cYanmaGentaYellowb
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:39 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 12/4/2018 11:56
cYanmaGentaYellowb
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:40 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 12/4/2018 18:15
cYanmaGentaYellowb
•
The Guardian Friday 13 April 2018
The traffic noise of Newcastle fades as we
enter the wood, with only birdsong and
swishing reeds to puncture the quiet
Journal Country diary Page 8
40
Weather
Friday 13 April 2018
UK and Ireland Noon today
Sunny Mist
Forecast
Fog
Low 6 High 15
1012
1008
London
Lows and highs
Precipitation
Air pollution
Tomorrow
10
Sunny intervals
Around the UK
7
13 25%
Low
Manchester
Mostly cloudy
7
Overcast/dull
6
8
10
Sunny showers
Shetland
Inverness
17
11
Low 8 High 15
Glasgow
Light showers
Sunday
6
Low
55%
Low
55%
Low
12
55%
Low
12
55%
Low
55%
Low
10
Leeds
Newcastle
ca
12
6
Belfast
Light
snow
Moderate
10
Snow showers
11
Heavy snow
55%
Birmingham
13
Sunny and heavy showers
Sleet
Low
Slight
Edinburgh
Rain
55%
Dublin
York
Liverpool
rpoo
ol
11
35C
Thundery rain
6
Birmingham
ming
30
11
Norwich
25
20
Thundery showers
15
14
1
15
L
London
Cardiff
Ca
13
10
X
5
Temperature,
ºC
0
13
-10
Wind speed,
mph
Atlantic front
Low pressure in
Spain will move
eastwards.
Dover
13
-5
Plymouth
Slight
-15
-20
1016
1008
L
1024
L
H
1016
1016
H
1008
L
1008
984
1000 L
L
1024
992
Cold front
L
1008
Warm front
1024
L
H
Occluded front
1008
Trough
Jet stream
It will remain
stormy across
the UK, with
the jet stream
remaining south
into Portugal
and Spain.
Average speed, 25,000ft
Direction of
jet stream
110-159kph
160-209
210-259
Cardiff
6
Edinburgh
8
Pollutionwatch
H
1016
6
6
1016
L
A storm system
will remain to
the west of the
British Isles on
Saturday and
Sunday, bringing
showers in the
west.
5
The Channel Islands
1000
1008
9
Bristol
Nottingham
tting
tt
Ice
12
Newcastle
Atlantic
lantic Ocean
260 and above
Forecasts and graphics provided by
Accuweather, Inc ©2018
City workers are swapping their
pinstripes for cycle helmets and
high-vis jackets. Since 1999, total
traffic in the City of London has
fallen by 40% and bicycles are now
the dominant vehicle in rush hour.
This is good news for air pollution in
an area that breaches EU limit values
for nitrogen dioxide, but a rise in
active travel has other benefits: less
road traffic noise, fewer climate
change emissions, and people
benefiting from more exercise.
A five-year study on 260,000
UK workers as part of UK Biobank
showed that the 16,000 people who
cycled as part of their commute
had lower rates of heart disease
and cancer and were living longer
compared with those who largely sat
in their cars or on public transport.
For the first time, the City data
also included walking, which is often
overlooked in transport planning.
Walking was found to make up half
of the people movements in the City,
but pavements make up only 25% of
street space.
There was good news from the
Biobank research, too; the 14,000
walkers in the study had lower
heart disease than car commuters,
reinforcing the benefits of active
travel. Gary Fuller @drgaryfuller
Around the world
Algiers
15
Lagos
31
Ams’dam
15
Lima
23
Athens
24
Lisbon
15
Auckland
19
Madrid
12
B Aires
19
Malaga
15
Bangkok
36
Melb’rne
25
Barcelona
15
Mexico C
24
Basra
30
Miami
28
Beijing
10
Milan
16
Berlin
20
Mombasa
30
Bermuda
20
Montreal
8
Brussels
18
Moscow
11
Budapest
22
Mumbai
32
C’hagen
11
N Orleans
27
Cairo
35
Nairobi
23
Cape Town
22
New Delhi
35
Chicago
19
New York
24
Corfu
23
Paris
17
Dakar
23
Perth
22
Dhaka
37
Prague
17
Dublin
11
Reykjavik
10
Florence
18
Rio de J
31
Gibraltar
15
Rome
18
H Kong
29
Singapore
31
Harare
23
Stockh’m
10
Helsinki
8
Sydney
32
Istanbul
21
Tel Aviv
26
Jo’burg
20
Tenerife
20
K Lumpur
33
Tokyo
18
K’mandu
26
Vancouv’r
11
Kabul
23
Warsaw
25
Kingston
30
Wash’ton
28
Kolkata
35
Well’ton
14
L Angeles
25
Zurich
17
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:41 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 12/4/2018 19:26
cYanmaGentaYellowb
•
Friday 13 April 2018 The Guardian
Commonwealth Games
Boxing
Hughes stripped
of gold on mixed
day for England
Determined Fury
Fury
he
embarks on the
ail
comeback trail
Page 42 Page 46 41
Crystal
Palace’s Andros
Townsend and
Roy Hodgson will
face Brighton
in the Premier
League derby at
Selhurst Park
tomorrow
MATTHEW CHILDS/
REUTERS
and technically but where your character also comes
into question. Are you the type of player who will not
only show physical bravery to win headers and tackles
but also have the courage, confidence and pride in your
ability to take the ball, make angles to receive possession
and take the extra touch rather than hiding behind your
opposite number and lumping the ball forward with the
fear of making a crucial mistake in a derby too much
to handle?
Pressure in big games – and how you deal with it –
exposes the kind of character you are. Some players
would rather not risk the inevitable criticism from
their own fans if they make a bad error, and choose
instead to steer clear of the ball and have no impact
on the game. I’ve witnessed that attitude countless
times and it’s worse than the player who is willing to
be positive and play their natural game, even if they do
make a costly mistake; as a player those are the types of
characters you want to have on your side and they are
who you need to win a derby match – especially away
from home.
M
Into the lion’s den
Both camps may
say the derby is just
another game but
there’ll be an edge
Liam Rosenior
S
elhurst Park is always a tricky place to
go and we have been preparing for more
of the same when we travel there for a
crucial game tomorrow afternoon. It’s not
the same as Manchester City’s “once in a
lifetime” chance to win the Premier League
title against their city rivals but if either we
or Crystal Palace take three points from the
match it will go a long way to keeping us up this season.
Yes, bragging rights are important for both sets of
fans but there is so much more than that on the line and
just walking around the streets of Brighton this week –
whether doing the weekly shop or filling up the car at the
local petrol station – I have not been able to avoid having
a conversation about the history and dislike between the
two clubs and how good it would be to go there and grab
a crucial win inside “the lion’s den”.
I have been asked throughout my career what makes
a derby match so special and if it is really that different
for players playing in them in comparison to “just
another game”. You may hear from both camps in the
lead-up to a derby that it’s all about focusing on the
points and that we prepare for them normally but, deep
down as professionals, we know there will be an edge to
the game, especially at a packed Selhurst Park where the
atmosphere inside what is an older, traditional stadium
will be red hot.
These are the games you always wanted to be involved
in as a child, where you are not just challenged tactically
any pundits, coaches and
supporters talk about the
supposed statistical advantage
of playing at home, especially in
derby matches, but for me the
answer is simple: it is 11 human
beings playing a sport against
11 others and, with tens of
thousands of supporters abusing you and willing you to
fail because you’re an away-team player, it takes a
person with an incredibly strong sense of personality,
self-belief and borderline arrogance to be able to
perform at a level that is sufficient to help their team to
an away win.
I have confidence and belief that all of my team-mates
have these qualities but the honest answer is that I won’t
know until 5pm tomorrow afternoon if we have achieved
our goal, despite all of the tactical work we have put in
this week on the training ground to prepare for the likes
of Wilfried Zaha and Andros Townsend, and a Crystal
Palace team who have been putting in consistently
strong performances without maybe getting the rewards
they have deserved.
Just as much work, if not more, has been required
from us as individual players to get ourselves mentally
ready for a fast, physical, emotional match while
being able to focus on the task at hand as well as not
being caught out in that first 20 minutes when the
tempo of the game will be at its maximum. You only
have to look at the incredible
With tens of Champions League quarter-final ties
this week to see the effect on teams
thousands of conceding a goal in the opening
of opposing exchanges and there is nothing harder
trying to recover from going a
fans willing than
goal down early, with the opposition
you to fail it brimming with confidence and
adrenaline.
takes a lot
Being psychologically prepared is
of self-belief critical and a lot of players – myself
to be able to included – like to know what colour
kits both teams will be wearing early
help your
in the week because it enables us
team to an to visualise the game beforehand:
the noise, the stadium where we are
away win
playing, the players we are directly
up against. It helps us to avoid falling
into the trap of being caught by surprise, rabbit-in-theheadlights style.
Others will play down the importance of the game in
their own minds, be happy and confident in their ability
and be able to switch off, and yet be 100% ready when
the match comes around. There is no right or wrong way
and it all depends on what makes each of us tick, what
enables us to be “in the zone” for a huge sporting and
psychological test. Everyone wants to be involved in a
game such as this but no one knows which way it will go.
One thing is for sure, however, and it’s the reason we all
love this game: there will be fireworks.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:42 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 12/4/2018 19:39
•
cYanmaGentaYellowb
The Guardian Friday 13 April 2018
Sport
Commonwealth Games
42
Games
digest
Medals
1
Australia
63
46
47
2
England
28
32
27
3
India
14
7
10
4
Canada
12
29
19
5
South Africa
11
9
12
7 Scotland
7
13
15
8 Wales
7
8
10
21 Northern Ireland
1
0
2
Today’s highlights
• Heptathlon 800m 11.05am
Katarina Johnson-Thompson’s
final event in her medal bid
• Rugby sevens Aus v Eng 11.17am
Sevens event gets under way with
women’s pool-stage matches
• Men’s hockey Aus v Eng 12.45pm
Ashes clash in the semi-final of
the men’s competition
One to watch
atch
Caster Semenya
nya
800m final
The South
d
African world
and Olympicc
champion is
cied
strongly fancied
to win a first
alth
Commonwealth
m
Games 800m
title in the final
at 11.40am.
England’s
ell
Alexandra Bell
also races.
35
Hughes disqualified from
200m gold for obstruction
Caught on camera
Martha Kelner
Gold Coast
Number of the day
Scotland’s current medal haul on
the Gold Coast, the nation’s highest
tally for an overseas Games
Adam Peaty The swimmer enjoys
some downtime, coasting through
the Great Barrier Reef
Weather
27°
Zharnel Hughes ran from a would-be
robber pointing a gun in his face earlier this year and yesterday sprinted
to Commonwealth gold – but he could
not escape the verdict of the judges
who stripped him of the title.
The 22-year-old Englishman was
allowed to complete a lap of honour
draped in a St George flag and under
the impression he had won gold in
the 200m in 20.12sec. But a whisper
from a friend in the crowd broke the
news to him that he had been disqualified for obstructing Trinidad and
Tobago’s Jereem Richards, who finished second, in the dying moments
of the race.
It was a chaotic addendum to
o an
evening during which Team England
and
clawed back some respectability in the
athletics stadium with five medals,
als,
an impressive bronze for Dina AsherherSmith in the 200m among them.
Hughes appeared to run outt off
steam towards the end of an absorbing
bing
race and extended a forearm across
oss
Richards’s lane. On being told of the
disqualification the Englishman,
an,
who led throughout the race afterr an
electrifying start, looked shocked but
continued to pose for photographs.
hs.
inst
England lodged an appeal against
the disqualification but a panell off
gajudges from the Bahamas, Singapore and Norfolk Island upheld the
decision more than 90 minutes after
fter
he crossed the line. Richards was
n off
upgraded to gold, Aaron Brown
Zharnel Hughes
looks dejected
after being
disqualified
Canada was promoted to silver and
Northern Ireland’s Leon Reid sobbed
after being told he would receive a
bronze medal.
Richards said he believed he would
have overcome Hughes had he not
been impeded. “He was ahead and
when I started to catch him he started
to break down and I felt his hand come
across and hit me,” the Trinidadian
ac
sprinter added. “That’s probably why
sp
they disqualified him. If he didn’t hit
th
m
me I would have gone past him. That
hi
hit threw me off my rhythm.”
It would have been a first major title
for Hughes, who impressed through
fo
the rounds and in a warm-up race in
th
Australia. In January he had been left
Au
sh
shaken when shot at in an attempted
robbery
ro
at his training base in Jamaica,
where he was loading his equipment
w
in
into a car after a session at the Racers
Track Club and a place he used to train
Tr
alongside Usain Bolt. “This guy just
al
came up pointing a gun in my face,”
ca
Hughes said at the time. “He asked me
Hu
for my phone and I ran off and the guy
fo
opened fire.”
op
Asher-Smith, Hughes’s former
girlfriend, said she felt emotional for
gi
him after the disqualification. “I know
hi
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:43 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 12/4/2018 19:39
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•
Friday 13 April 2018 The Guardian
43
Podium
Men’s 200m
1
Jereem
Richards
20.12sec
2
Aaron
Brown
20.34sec
3
Leon
Reid
20.55sec
Martha Kelner
Gold Coast
K
▲ Zharnel
Hughes touches
Trinidad and
Tobago’s Jereem
Richards in a
dramatic end
to the men’s
200m final at the
Carrara Stadium
MARK SCHIEFELBEIN/
AP PHOTO
how much this meant to him but he
is in great shape and that is what you
have to take away from it. He has a
whole year to get a first, which I know
he will.”
Earlier she took bronze in the 200m,
one of the most hotly contested races
of the athletics programme, finishing
ahead of the double Olympic champion Elaine Thompson of Jamaica.
Asher-Smith, 22, was leading coming
off the bend but was caught by the
world champion Shaunae Miller-Uibo,
who took gold in a Games record of
22.09sec with Jamaica’s Shericka Jackson winning silver in 22.18.
Before yesterday evening’s session Team England had won only two
athletics medals in four days but they
claimed five in two hours, kickstarted
by Sophie Hahn taking gold in the T38
100m in 12.46sec. Shara Proctor won
bronze in the long jump with a fourthround leap of 6.75m, and Luke Cutts
cleared 5.45m to clinch bronze in the
pole vault. Kyle Langford concluded
the evening with a storming finish to
take silver in the 800m. The 22-yearold came home strongly, by far the
fastest-finishing man in the field. He
covered the final 100m in 13.26sec but
McMaster lets the
tears flow after gold
follows coach’s death
could not quite catch Wycliffe Kinyamal of Kenya.
“With 200m to go I felt absolutely
awesome,” Langford said. “I got stuck
in a bit of traffic but they started to die, a
lot of them. When I got round the bend I
just had so much left, I know I should’ve
been winning it. Every training session
and run I do I envisage myself winning
gold so to come up short is gutting but as
an athlete you either win or you learn.
By the Tokyo Olympics it’s definitely
going to be gold, I can assure you.”
Katarina Johnson-Thompson led
the heptathlon with 3,765 points after
the first day of competition, 120 clear
of her closest rival. It was a mediocre
opening day for the 25-year-old who
concluded the first four disciplines
with a best effort of only 11.45m in the
shot put. She admitted to feeling mentally drained after winning pentathlon
gold at the world indoor championships in Birmingham last month.
“I’m happy I’m in the lead, a bit
confused with some of my results but
it’s what I should expect in April,” she
said. “After Birmingham I was more
mentally tired than physically tired so
instead of pushing on I had to let my
body rest and take it easy.”
yron McMaster did
not succumb to tears
when he received his
gold medal inside
the Gold Coast’s
Carrara Stadium,
waiting instead until he was in
relative privacy to release all the
pent-up emotion.
“I might not cry out here,” he said.
“But when I go back to the hotel, me
and my team-mate are going to sit
down on the porch and just cry.”
The outpouring was not the usual
mix of joy or even relief an athlete
might experience after years of
hard work culminates in a major
medal. For McMaster, one of the
hottest young talents in athletics,
it was grief and regret that the man
to whom he owes so much of his
success could not be there to watch
him win his first senior title.
McMaster’s former coach Xavier
Samuels, known as Dag, was one
of 134 people killed last September
when Hurricane Irma ravaged
the Caribbean. The British Virgin
Islands, where McMaster is from,
was among the worst hit by the most
powerful Atlantic storm in history.
Most of the buildings on the island
were either damaged or destroyed
and 6,000 people, one fifth of the
population, were left homeless.
McMaster soon discovered
the storm had claimed the life of
Samuels, who had been his coach
for seven years and fell from a roof
during the hurricane. “Me and my
cousin were clearing a road when
Roundup
Laugher makes
it two wins
from two and
eyes a third
Martha Kelner
Jack Laugher’s rivals must worry about
what he could achieve at full fitness
after the Englishman won a second
Commonwealth gold medal despite,
by his own admission, not being in
peak condition.
The diver comfortably won the
3m springboard title after emerging
victorious on the 1m board despite
struggling to recover from a plethora
of injuries in the build-up to the
Games. He is also well poised to make
it a hat-trick of gold medals alongside
my father called me back up into
the house,” he said. “It was the day
after the hurricane. My coach’s sister
lived right down the hill from us. She
told my father and my father told
me. I said every day immediately
after that: ‘I don’t want to continue
track because I really have very
little motivation left because I lost
someone very close to me.’”
With the main stadium on the
British Virgin Islands decimated
by the hurricane McMaster was
persuaded to relocate to South
Carolina where he now trains at
Clemson University under his new
coach, Lennox Graham.
Winning the 400m hurdles in an
impressive 48.25sec, well clear of his
nearest rivals Jeffery Gibson of the
Bahamas and Jamaica’s Jaheel Hyde,
McMaster said he had been driven
by the trauma and upheaval of
recent times. “With the hurricane,
the loss of my coach, moving to
a new coach, changing to a new
programme, adapting to a new life
it’s been a hard six months on me,”
he said.
“My family and friends we just
made it through together. We know
how much this would have meant
to my coach.”
McMaster is the first
Commonwealth champion the
British Virgin Islands has had and
the territory’s most successful
sporting export. He hoped his latest
triumph would help its inhabitants
recover from tragedy.
“My country is the motivation
for me right now,” he said. “I’m just
searching for ways to help everyone
get through this with me. I know
they’re back home celebrating.
They’re all gathered in one big spot
to watch the race on one big TV and
it’s 5.45am in the morning. Even
if I came last they would’ve still
loved me.”
England’s Jack Green finished
fourth in the final at his first
Commonwealth Games and has
overcome his own struggles to even
be on the start line. The 26-year-old,
who suffers from depression, took
almost two years out of the sport
before returning to competition
and said racing can still be a
struggle mentally.
▲ Kyron McMaster won the British Virgin Islands’ first ever Commonwealth
gold months after his coach was killed by Hurricane Irma DEAN LEWIS/EPA
his partner Chris Mears in the 3m
synchronised event in which they are
the Olympic champions.
Laugher finished with 519.40
points, ahead of Canada’s Philippe
Gagné and James Connor of Australia,
to improve on the silver medal he won
at Glasgow four years ago.
“I’m really proud, especially coming
off of Glasgow and a heart-breaking
second place,” he said. “I’ve worked
really hard with my strength and conditioning team, my diving coach and
my physios, to get me in great shape
for here. I’m still struggling, I’m not
back to full fitness. It wasn’t a great
build-up, but to have a great competition and a great start to the international season, I’m really happy.”
▲ Jack Laugher is delighted with his
start to the season and wants more
Laugher’s girlfriend, Lois Toulson,
won bronze in the 10m individual
event, moreover.
The day started well for Team England’s women as Annie Last took gold
ahead of a compatriot, Evie Richards,
in the mountain biking. Last overtook
Richards before the 9km mark in the
27km race, going on to win in 1:18.02.
It was a first senior title for the
27-year-old, who has deferred her
medical studies to pursue a cycling
career. She showed promise as a
youngster with eighth place at the
London Olympics before sustaining
injuries and failing to qualify for Rio
four years later.
“It was absolutely amazing,” she
said of her gold. “The race went really
smoothly. My legs were good and it all
just came together.”
But the England Women’s hockey
team, which contains many of the
personnel who won gold for Great
Britain in Rio with a penalty shootout
victory, did not fare so well this time.
They were defeated in the semi-final
by New Zealand, who triumphed 2-1
in the penalty shootout. England will
now play India in the bronze medal
match tomorrow.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:44 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 12/4/2018 20:15
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•
44
The Guardian Friday 13 April 2018
Sport
Racing Grand National festival
Henderson treble guarantees trainer
will retain coveted championship
Greg Wood
Aintree
Any lingering doubt that Nicky
Henderson would retain the National
Hunt trainers’ championship appeared
to be extinguished here yesterday,
as a Grade One treble took his prize
money haul for the season past £3m
and opened a gap to Paul Nicholls, the
10-times champion, that even a Grand
National victory would fail to bridge.
Henderson’s three winners in consecutive races included an easy success for Might Bite, the Cheltenham
Gold Cup runner-up, in the Betway
Bowl and a three-length victory in
the Aintree Hurdle for L’Ami Serge, a
horse whose appetite for a battle has
sometimes been called into question.
We Have A Dream, a 2-1 chance, set
the ball rolling in the Anniversary
Juvenile Hurdle.
The ease of Might Bite’s success,
which was sealed with a flourish as he
flew the last fence, was all the more
impressive in view of his hard race
behind Native River on heavy ground
at Cheltenham last month. He will
now head to summer quarters as the
ante-post favourite for the King George
VI Chase and Gold Cup next season,
while Henderson may also consider a
run in the Betfair Chase in November
to set up a possible tilt at a £1m bonus
on offer for victory in all three races.
“He’s been fresh and well since
Cheltenham and you’d have thought
he’d have been the one who wouldn’t
National fences fatality
Lilbitluso, a 100-1 outsider trained
by JJ O’Shea, suffered a fatal
injury in the first race over the
Grand National fences this week,
falling at the Canal Turn in the
Foxhunters’ Chase. A statement
from Aintree said the horse was
quickly attended to by vets but
that the nature of his injury meant
he could not be saved. Later, the
stewards meted out a 17-day ban
to Jamie Codd after he won the
final race on the favourite Getaway
Katie Mai but used his whip
about twice as many times as is
permitted by the rules. Greg Wood
be as he had such a gruelling race at
the Festival,” Henderson said. “He’s
not a fragile horse in any sense but you
always have to be wary of his head, so
it was quite brave coming here and I
had my doubts. His jumping was an
exhibition round. The plan will be the
same next year and I’d love to have
another crack at the Gold Cup on good
ground, and we might be a bit braver
next year and go to the King George
via the Betfair Chase.”
Just over half of the 21 starters in
the Foxhunters’ Chase completed the
course, including Gallery Exhibition,
whose rider Guy Disney was the first
amputee to ride in a race over the
Grand National fences.
Gallery Exhibition was the last of
the 12 finishers behind Balnaslow and
Derek O’Connor, who appeared as
delighted after winning the “amateurs’
National” as he was after landing the
Irish Gold Cup against professional
riders in February.
“Personally, it’s a massive achievement for me as there’s something
about the challenge and the trials and
Chris Cook’s tips
Aintree
1.45 Project Bluebook 2.20 Global Citizen
2.50 Terrefort 3.25 Min 4.05 Mystifiable (nap)
4.40 OK Corral (nb) 5.15 Portrush Ted
Kempton
5.45 Wynfaul The Wizard 6.15 Dark Alliance
6.45 Delilah Park 7.15 Khamry 7.45 Airshow
8.15 Folies Bergeres 8.45 Chetan
Sedgefield
2.00 Pc Dixon 2.30 Heresmynumber
3.05 Bulkov 3.40 Frankie Ballou
4.15 Knockrobin 4.50 Pretty Miss Mahler
5.20 Classical Sound
tribulations of Aintree,” O’Connor said.
“I had a great run around the inside,
and as the race got into the latter stages
there were a couple of bad jumpers
down there so I switched out and got
a perfect run over the last four fences.
“The ground was a bit dead and
tacky, but it rode quite nicely. But
after a couple of races [on the Grand
National course] and if it stays in the
same condition, then by Saturday it
could be tough.”
Grand National 2018 sweepstake kit Aintree, 5.15pm tomorrow, ITV
1
Minella Rocco
18-1 N Fehily
12
33-1
Vicente
N Scholfield
Big, strong stayer but will have
to carry more weight than any
other winner since 1974
Dual Scottish National winner
who could be the right type if the
ground dries out enough
2
Blaklion
10-1 S Twiston-Davies
13
12-1
Tiger Roll
D Russell
Faded into fourth place last year
after racing prominently and has
since gone up in the weights
Tough campaigner who has won
three times at the Cheltenham
Festival but is inconsistent
Regal Encore
R McLernon
23
50-1
Saint Are
A Heskin
Fine record here when the ground
isn’t soft and could go well again if
it continues to dry out at Aintree
Analysis by Chris Cook
34
25-1
Captain Redbeard
S Coltherd
Who got which horse?
Keep a record of horses picked
Game and consistent runner but
on past form has plenty to prove in
this sort of company
Minella Rocco
Saint Are
1
23
Beeves
24
Beeves
80-1 S Quinlan
35
Houblon Des Obeaux
40-1 C Deutsch
Blaklion
2
24
Ideally needs drier ground than he
will get here given the forecast but
should go well for a long way
Eventually finished 10th last year
when staying on and likely that
softer ground would help
Anibale Fly
Raz De Maree
3
25
36
50-1
The Last Samuri
I Just Know
3
Anibale Fly
10-1 B Geraghty
14
28-1
The Cheltenham Gold Cup
third has had a busy season and
jumping can let him down
Had a sighter here last year when
a running-on eighth and may do a
lot better
A previous Welsh Grand National
winner who could stay on from a
mile back if it’s soft enough
Has finished second twice in the
Irish Grand National, but could do
with drying weather
4 The Last Samuri
18-1 D Bass
15
25-1
26
20-1
37
33-1
Runner-up in 2016 but was well
beaten in this last year and still
looks high in the weights
Two previous runs around here
seemed to show he doesn’t have
the stamina for this unique test
This North Yorkshire National
winner stays well but has a lot to
prove running at this level
Talented when he can be bothered
but looked mulish in the Welsh
Grand National at Christmas
5
Valseur Lido
50-1 K Donoghue
16
50-1
27
Virgilio
66-1 H Skelton
38
Final Nudge
40-1 G Sheehan
Seems in decline now but still
high in the weights. Stamina also
in doubt over this marathon trip
An out-and-out mudlark who
might find himself a bit outclassed
at this level unless it pours down
Disappointing so far this season
and has been absent from the
track since December
Good enough to win a nice race one
day but probably over a shorter
distance than this four miles plus
6 Total Recall
10-1 P Townend
17
Warriors Tale
40-1 S Bowen
28
16-1
39
Double Ross
80-1 T Bellamy
Transformed by Willie Mullins
and unbeaten this season bar a
fall in the Cheltenham Gold Cup
Stamina for this marathon test is in
doubt and yet to prove he belongs
in this sort of company
Tough, young stayer who may show
up well for a long way but lacks the
pace to get involved
Likeable veteran campaigner but
probably lacks the stamina for
this sort of extreme test
7
Alpha Des Obeaux
33-1 Rachael Blackmore
18
16-1
29
Maggio
80-1 B Powell
40
50-1
Classy performer but high
enough in the weights and
finishing effort is often weak
Handily weighted on his best form
but stamina let him down in the
2016 Scottish National
Older than any Grand National
winner since way back in 1923
and lacks good recent form
Third in the 2015 Cheltenham Gold
Cup but enthusiasm for the game
has seemed on the wane of late
8
Perfect Candidate
66-1 A Cawley
19
28-1
30
Pendra
66-1 A Coleman
41
50-1
Cheltenham specialist has had
a better preparation than when
pulled up in this last year
Ran well when fifth in this last
year and capable of another sound
effort this time around
Needs the ground to dry up
considerably and even then looks
short of the necessary stamina
An Irish Grand National winner in
the past but has managed to fall on
his last two starts
9 Shantou Flyer
33-1 J Bowen
20
25-1
31
50-1
42
Delusionofgrandeur
100-1 ––––––––––
16
39
Warriors Tale
Double Ross
Pulled up last year but was only
seven years old then. Fine effort
in defeat at Cheltenham
Might well be flattered by his
seemingly impressive January win
and could do with less weight
Famously frustrating beast who
didn’t take to this place when 12th
in the 2016 running of this race
Doesn’t look good enough and
even if he improves, his stamina
must be in doubt
17
39
Seeyouatmidnight
Road To Riches
10 Tenor Nivernais
80-1 T O’Brien
21
28-1
32
50-1
43
Walk In The Mill
80-1 S Waley-Cohen
Last year’s 17th who prefers
small fields at right-handed
tracks. This isn’t for him
A tired ninth last year despite
getting a masterful ride from
Aintree specialist Ruby Walsh
Has had just the four runs over
fences in total and his stamina for
this test is in doubt
Stamina to prove but some strong
Ascot form this campaign and
likely he has more to offer
11 Carlingford Lough
40-1 M Walsh
22
18-1
33
Lord Windermere
66-1 AE Lynch
44
28-1
Dual Irish Gold Cup winner who
has dropped to a handy weight
for this if the fire still burns
AKA Ploddy McPlodface, because
he needs the jockeys to fall off the
others to make his presence felt
A respectable seventh last year
in this race after boiling over
beforehand. Needs to chill
Game efforts in defeat in the
Welsh Grand National and at the
Cheltenham Festival. Could place
Vieux Lion Rouge
T Scudamore
Chase The Spud
P Brennan
Seeyouatmidnight
B Hughes
Gas Line Boy
R Dunne
The Dutchman
H Cobden
Pleasant Company
D Mullins
Ucello Conti
D Jacob
25
33-1
Raz De Maree
R Power
I Just Know
D Cook
Baie Des Iles
Katie Walsh
Buywise
A Wedge
Childrens List
J Burke
The four reserves will run only if any horses in the original field are withdrawn by 1pm today. Check theguardian.com/sport for details
Bless The Wings
J Kennedy
Milansbar
Bryony Frost
Road To Riches
S Flanagan
Thunder And Roses
J Slevin
RESERVE
RESERVE
RESERVE
Vintage Clouds
––––––––––
RESERVE
4
26
Valseur Lido
Virgilio
5
27
Total Recall
Baie Des Iles
6
28
Alpha Des Obeaux
Maggio
7
29
Perfect Candidate
Pendra
8
30
Shantou Flyer
Buywise
9
31
Tenor Nivernais
Childrens List
10
32
Carlingford Lough
Lord Windermere
11
33
Vicente
Captain Redbeard
12
34
Tiger Roll
Houblon Des Obeaux
13
35
Regal Encore
Bless The Wings
14
36
Vieux Lion Rouge
Milansbar
15
37
Chase The Spud
Final Nudge
18
40
Gas Line Boy
Thunder And Roses
19
41
The Dutchman
Delusionofgrandeur
20
42
Pleasant Company
Walk In The Mill
21
43
Ucello Conti
Vintage Clouds
22
44
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:45 Edition Date:180413 Edition:03 Zone:
Sent at 12/4/2018 23:34
cYanmaGentaYellowb
•••
Friday 13 April 2018 The Guardian
Sport
Cricket
‘Pace is exciting but
the best don’t need it’
Ali Martin
‘W
e are only
looking at
one thing and
that is how
we win the
Championship
again,” says Jamie Porter, the
effervescent Essex seamer whose
side begin their title defence today
at the construction site that is
Headingley. Freshly crowned one of
Wisden’s five cricketers of the year,
Porter is in no mood to countenance
a repeat of the fate that befell
Middlesex last season, when they
followed up 2016’s triumph with a
harrowing (or arrowing?) relegation.
Instead the only way for Porter
and Essex is replicating their
unbeaten campaign of last summer,
which brought the trophy to
Chelmsford after 25 years. With 10
wins from 14 games, two bowlers
topping 70 wickets and 13 centuries
shared by eight of the batsmen, it
really was some season. Professional
sportspeople rarely betray a lack of
confidence, of course, but in Porter’s
case one only has to look at his
career to date to see that when this
24-year-old from Leytonstone sets
himself a goal he tends to achieve it.
Next on the to-do list for the
right-armer – along with more
county silverware – is England
honours. “If I think I’m good enough
to achieve something I don’t stop
until I get it. I think I am good
enough to play Test cricket. So I’ll
just keep going until I do,” he says.
Clearly the lower-back stress
fracture that scuppered much of his
The Essex seamer
Jamie Porter
winter, before a tough return with
the Lions in their 3-0 defeat against
West Indies A, has done little to dent
Porter’s determination. Whispers
that his 75 championship victims
at 16 had put him on the cusp of an
Ashes tour before the injury helped.
That series was dominated by
talk of pace – or lack of, in England’s
case – but as Porter readies himself
to take on a Yorkshire side who
were overcome by eight wickets at
Scarborough last season, and have
been rocked by two late call-ups to
the Indian Premier League plus Adil
Rashid’s red-ball hiatus, he says it is
overrated.
“I can do a lot with the ball –
probably more than most bowlers.
If someone can do what I do at
90mph they’d probably be more
Formula One
Hamilton defuses row after
Verstappen holds his ground
Giles Richards
Lewis Hamilton has apologised to
Max Verstappen in the buildup to the
Chinese Grand Prix this weekend after
their clash at the last round in Bahrain.
Verstappen had attempted to pass
Hamilton last Sunday when the two
came together, causing a puncture for
the Red Bull driver, who was forced to
retire. Hamilton went on to finish third
and trails Ferrari’s Sebastian Vettel by
17 points in the world championship
standings after two races.
When Hamilton saw the incident
before the podium ceremony in Bahrain he called Verstappen a “dickhead”
and later questioned the maturity of
the 20-year-old’s driving. Verstappen,
in his third season in Formula One,
was bullish when asked about it
in Shanghai.
“It is quite simple and easy to blame
the younger driver and that is the only
way I can see it,” Verstappen said.
“Why should I change something?
I don’t think I did anything wrong in
terms of my approach.”
Hamilton, who has spoken of his
admiration for his younger rival’s
talent and is 13 years Verstappen’s
senior, said he had made a point of
clearing the air. “At the fans’ signing
session I shook his hand and said:
‘I am sorry about the last race,’” the
four-times world champion said. “It
▲ Lewis Hamilton cleared the air with
Max Verstappen as a ‘sign of respect’
45
successful but I haven’t seen many.
Pace is exciting to watch but the
most successful bowlers in Test
cricket – guys like Glenn McGrath,
Shaun Pollock and Jimmy Anderson
– haven’t needed it,” he says.
Indeed a bowler who keeps
reminding us all of this is South
Africa’s Vernon Philander, who
Porter very much admires. “He is
unreal. I look at him and think if I
can do what he does – and I think I
have half a yard on him, pace-wise
– I can be more successful or just as
successful. And I’d take being just
as successful.” Having seen his longterm mentor Chris Silverwood move
from Essex head coach to England’s
bowling equivalent over the winter
must surely help his case – “Spoons
took everything I had to the next
level,” says Porter – but countywise the departure does add some
jeopardy to a set-up that otherwise
looks settled. Up steps Silverwood’s
former deputy, Anthony McGrath,
to the vacancy – the only man for
it, in Porter’s eyes – and the popular
Dimi Mascarenhas slots in beneath
to take charge of the bowlers.
With Australia’s Peter Siddle in as
early season overseas cover before
Neil Wagner returns, and the
72-wicket spinner Simon Harmer
in place, it is a case of augmenting
rather than overhauling.
Porter points to the rise of Sam
Cook – 18 wickets at 15 – last year
and the highly rated Aaron Beard as
reasons to be confident about the
bowling stocks, but it is the batting
depth that gets him purring. “Even
without Alastair Cook [rested until
the third round] against Yorkshire,
we will probably see one top-class
player miss out.”
There is a strong contrast with
the opposition, who welcome back
Cheteshwar Pujara but whose
batting was underwhelming last
year. The attack is depleted too, with
Steve Patterson breaking a finger
this week, Ben Coad out with a hip
problem, and David Willey and Liam
Plunkett in India.
is good to show respect and regardless
if I am the older driver – in fact it being
more important because I am the older
driver – I felt it was important that I
went to him. If it was his fault or my
fault, it doesn’t really matter as it is
now in the past.
“Hopefully that sign of respect
shows we can turn the page and move
forward in racing each other.”
Hamilton said he would be more
cautious about his post-race language
in the future but stressed emotions run
high in the moments after a grand prix.
However he believes drivers showing
the intensity of their reactions is a positive. “It is good in sport to see some
emotion,” he said.
“If you go to a hockey game, they
don’t mind that there are punch-ups.
In Nascar races there are punch-ups
too but if we had a punch-up here your
career would be over.”
The British driver, who was buoyant
and relaxed despite finishing second
and third in the opening two rounds,
admitted he had come close to
exchanging blows while in F1.
“I have. Yes. I am not going to tell
you when it was. But I still feel today I
should have and I wish I did. I so badly
wish I did but the time passed and it
didn’t happen.”
BCCI
Jones heroics in vain India recorded an
eight-wicket victory against England at
Nagpur to win the final one-day international
and secure the three-match series 2-1.
A career-best 94 from the wicketkeeper Amy
Jones (pictured) lifted England to 201 for nine
but Smriti Mandhana, Deepti Sharma and the
captain, Mithali Raj, all hit half-centuries as the
target was achieved with 4.4 overs to spare.
Sport
In brief
Cricket
Renshaw to replace
Bancroft at Somerset
Somerset have signed Matt Renshaw
as a replacement for his Australia
team-mate Cameron Bancroft, no
longer required following his role in
the ball-tampering scandal in South
Africa. Renshaw, 22, also replaced
Bancroft for the final Test. Surrey
have signed South Africa’s Test
opener Dean Elgar as a replacement
for the injured Mitchell Marsh
during April and May. PA
Austrian police on its headquarters.
Offices in Salzburg were searched
under warrant on Tuesday, the IBU
said in a statement, which was
linked to an investigation focusing
on the conduct of Besseberg and
Resch. The lawyer for the
whistleblower at the centre of the
Russian doping scandal confirmed
later that Dr Grigory Rodchenkov
had been “cooperating with the
investigation” of the governing
body. The IBU executive board
subsequently issued a statement
after deciding to impose a
provisional suspension for “as long
as the investigation is ongoing”. PA
Rugby union
Lam lands Baa-Baas
job for England game
Biathlon
Top brass suspended
after Salzburg raid
The International Biathlon Union
has provisionally suspended its
secretary general Nicole Resch while
the president, Anders Besseberg, has
stepped down following a raid by
Pat Lam will coach the Barbarians
for the match against an England
XV at Twickenham next month.
Lam, a former Samoa No 8 who
has just guided Bristol back to the
Premiership after they won the
Championship with two games to
spare, has been confirmed for the
non-cap game on 27 May. PA
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:46 Edition Date:180413 Edition:03 Zone:
Sent at 12/4/2018 23:36
•••
46
cYanmaGentaYellowb
The Guardian Friday 13 April 2018
Sport
Rugby union
Sale seek to shine brightest
in battle of northern lights
TGSPHOTO/REX/SHUTTERSTOCK
Robert Kitson
Boxing
‘I’m back to claim
what is rightfully
mine’ says Tyson
Former world champion tops
Manchester bill on 9 June
as he sets out to regain belts
from Joshua and Wilder
Kevin Mitchell
T
yson Fury confirmed
yesterday he will return
to the ring on 9 June at
the Manchester Arena –
against an opponent yet
to be announced – and
said he will be fighting not just for
money and titles but for people such
as him coping with “depression and
mental problems”.
The posters were already on
display when, in every sense of the
word, Fury entertained the media
at the Four Seasons hotel in central
London, and they told his simple
message – “The Real Heavyweight
champion of the world”.
That is the ultimate goal in his
journey of vindication since his last
appearance, the night two years
ed
and five months ago when he ended
Wladimir Klitschko’s 10-year reign
as the world’s best since the days off
Lennox Lewis and Mike Tyson.
Fury, 29, will have at least three
or four fights, though, before he
is ready to challenge either the
man who subsequently stopped
Klitschko, Anthony Joshua – or the
e
other champion in the division, the
American Deontay Wilder.
The most encouraging aspect
of his return was his demeanour:
relatively relaxed, happy enough but
at
with plenty of the familiar buzz that
has made him such a compelling
figure in the sport. He has a stone
to go to reach his best fighting
is
weight, he said, but would “box this
weekend if Frank wanted me to”.
Warren most certainly does not
want that, but he supports the
fighter in his own quest to challenge
Eddie Hearn’s Matchroom - which
promotes Joshua – as the leading
promoter in Britain. “The [British]
Boxing Board of Control has passed
him medically fit to fight,” Warren
said, revealing Fury is yet to be
licensed as he is self-managed. “And
we will announce the opponent
in due course. We will also be
announcing a broadcaster in due
course. It’s a multi-fight deal.”
It would be a major surprise if the
long-term deal is not a continuation
of the arrangement Warren’s
BoxNation has with BT Sport.
Fury said of his unusual rehab
after being diagnosed with mental
problems: “I had a good few nights
out, having a good time after boxing
since I was six years old.”
He added: “It’s taken a long time
to make it happen. It’s been a long,
complex drawn-out situation,
but the important thing is I’m
back to claim what is rightfully
mine. It’s going to be one of the
longest comebacks in history of a
Tyson Fury is
ready to come out
swinging again
heavyweight champion. People out
there are claiming to be the world’s
best. Given the right time, these guys
aren’t a match for my speed, agility
and skill. They’re sluggers and wild
punchers. I’m a lot lighter than I’ve
been. Timing, reflexes, everything,
better than ever. Everything is there,
29 years old, in the prime of my life.
It should be relatively easy.
“We’ve got two champions.
Joshua, he’s a big old dosser, a
belt-carrier for me – by the time I’m
ready it’s going to be a no-contest.
The only way he’ll land anything on
me is with a handful of rice. Wilder is
dangerous until the last few seconds
of a fight, only needs one punch,
but he’s a bit weak around the old
whiskers and he’s not the best boxer
in the world.
‘T
he fans have shown
me a lot of love.
Everybody loves
a good comeback
story. Before I was
just a sportsman
but through all the trials and
tribulations, I’ve turned into a real
person. This is a fight for depression,
mental problems. I’ve been as low as
any man can go, and as high as any
man can go. I’ve been to the brink,
I’ve overcome.
“To be honest, I had no love for
boxing. The fire was out, and out for
a long time. It wasn’t until I went to
Spain for a training camp, Working
with Ben [Davison], I found it suited
me. He’s been at my house for five
months, seven days a week, eating
right, sleeping right. I needed a
young person with a passion to
achieve his goals himself.
“I’ve got to congratulate Joshua,
he’s done very well. I gave up my
belts, wasn’t stripped, to secure my
own well-being. And I’m willing to
get it all back again. He’s an exciting
fighter, can’t wait to get my title
back. The past is in the past. Where I
went yesterday is history.”
Warren said: “He’s not going
to be rushed. Any opponents, I’m
going to pick. When he fights for
the title, he’s going to be 100%.
Anyone he fights will be 100%, and
that’s the disadvantage he’s got,
two years out.”
Not since Sale won their only Premiership title 12 years ago have English
rugby’s northern lights shone so
brightly. With three rounds left both
the Sharks and Newcastle are strong
contenders for Europe’s Champions
Cup qualification with a top-four spot
hinging on the outcome of tonight’s
shoot-out at Kingston Park.
The two clubs are separated by only
one point in fifth and sixth, with the
winners set to jump into third. Wasps
and Leicester will not be easily denied
play-off places but fifth-placed Newcastle, with two of their last three
games at home plus a trip to the Tigers,
can still shape their own destiny.
Sale will have to dig even deeper,
with a hike to Exeter and a final home
fixture against Leicester rounding off a
tricky run-in, but their confidence has
been given a timely lift by last week’s
dramatic win over Wasps. Trailing 17-0
they came back to win 28-27 courtesy
of Marland Yarde’s last-second try.
According to their captain, Jono
Ross, the trick now is to reproduce
their dominant home form on the
road. This season they have won away
against only the bottom three teams
in the league. “We think we’re a good
side but we haven’t been as good as
we’ve wanted to away from home,”
Ross said. “We need to replicate the
performances we’ve put in at the AJ
Bell. Hopefully that will be enough.”
A big finish would also improve
Ross’s chances of a place on England’s
tour to his native South Africa. The
Johannesburg-born back-row forward
is qualified for England via a grandmother from Essex and Sale’s director
of rugby, Steve Diamond, said Eddie
Jones has been making inquiries.
Ross spent three years playing
alongside Sergio Parisse for Stade
Français before joining Sale last summer and has become an influential fig-
RFU bans Itoje’s
agent over
betting breach
Gerard Meagher
Maro Itoje’s agent has been suspended
for 22 months by the Rugby Football
Union after being found guilty of
breaching betting regulations. Matt
Hart of the Stellar Group, which also
represents Gareth Bale and Taulupe
Faletau, was found guilty of two
breaches – betting on rugby matches
and receiving proceeds, as well as
non-cooperation with a request for
information by the RFU.
Hart was found to have placed
1,476 bets on rugby union worldwide
between January 2013 and July 2016.
As part of RFU and World Rugby regulations, agents are not allowed to bet
ure for the Sharks, assuming the captaincy after an injury to Will Addison.
“For me it’s about performing well for
Sale week-in week-out. I don’t want
to think about things that are out of
my control. I’ve had no conversations
with Eddie but every player has international aspirations.”
The 27-year-old has been pleasantly
surprised by life in the Premiership
compared with the slower-paced
Top 14. “The speed of the game and
the conditioning are quite different
to France. It’s more similar to South
Africa. There are also a fantastic group
of people here. We care about each
other and I think that shows.”
For the Newcastle game Paolo
Odogwu and Luke James start at left
wing and inside-centre respectively,
with the tighthead prop WillGriff John
returning to the front row and Byron
McGuigan at full-back. The 18-yearold Cameron Redpath, the Englishqualified son of the former Scotland
international Bryan, is poised to make
his Premiership debut off the bench.
Newcastle’s lineup features Gary
Graham, who is back after injuring his
neck at England training in February,
with Joel Hodgson chosen ahead of
Toby Flood at fly-half. “For us it’s a
must-win game in terms of keeping our
top-four hopes alive,” said Dean Richards, the Falcons’ director of rugby. “If
we don’t win we can almost kiss the
semi-finals goodbye.”
Jono Ross says Sale
need to start winning
away from home
in the Premiership
on matches. There is no suspicion
that Hart was using inside information or trying to influence a match or
its outcome.
Chris Robshaw, meanwhile, has
admitted it has been “tough to look
in the mirror” after what he described
as one of the lowest points in his Harlequins career.
John Kingston’s departure as
director of rugby was announced this
week but he revealed yesterday that
the decision had been taken before
Harlequins’ humiliating 35-5 defeat by
London Irish last Saturday. Kingston,
who leaves at the end of the season
after 17 years at the club, did not tell
the players until Monday, however.
Robshaw said: “As players we have
not been good enough and unfortunately [John] being the top man, he
has taken the stick for that.”
Quins want to identify a successor
by the end of the season and the board
intends to consult senior players
including Robshaw, who was made
England captain in 2012 by Stuart
Lancaster – one of the frontrunners.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:47 Edition Date:180413 Edition:03 Zone:
Sent at 12/4/2018 23:45
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•••
Friday 13 April 2018 The Guardian
Sport
Football
Everyone jumps on
the bandwagon, says
Zaha of detractors
Palace winger insists he does
not dive to win penalties
before derby with Brighton
Dominic Fifield
Wilfried Zaha has dismissed suggestions he goes to ground too easily and
accused those who brand him a diver
of “jumping on the bandwagon” as
the Ivory Coast winger seeks to edge
Crystal Palace closer to safety with
victory in the derby against Brighton
tomorrow.
The forward has endured abuse on
social media, public criticism from
pundits and accusations from opponents during games over a perceived
eagerness to tumble in the box or initiate contact with markers but insists he
never intentionally dives to win penalties. He has received support from successive Palace managers and the cochairman Steve Parish, who said earlier this season there was “an agenda
against Wilfried Zaha” after a furious
reaction to the spot-kick awarded in
stoppage time against Manchester City
on New Year’s Eve.
“The whole penalty thing … it used
to get me really annoyed but everyone
just jumps on the bandwagon,” Zaha
said. “I don’t really buy into it but I read
stuff on Twitter and think half of you
lot don’t even watch me play but you
come online saying: ‘He’s a diver.’ If
you watch me play you’ll see how often
I get kicked. I don’t go off the pitch and
cut myself to act like I’ve been kicked.
“The funniest thing is I’d love to
actually show someone. If I let you
sprint and I just literally touch the
back of your ankle, see how far you
go sliding down the pitch. At the pace
I’m running, trying to get the ball, the
slightest touch could trip me over. You
Kane will learn
from mauling
– Pochettino
don’t have to literally push me over.
That’s what people don’t understand.
But unless you’re able to run that fast,
you’ll never understand.”
Zaha has won eight penalties for
Palace over the past three seasons
and, while no other club boasts as
many as the Londoners’ seven cautions for simulation in that period, the
last of the winger’s three bookings for
the offence came at Watford on Boxing Day in 2016. The Football Association had viewed the incident against
camp and insisted he trusts Kane, who
is an “honest” player.
The Spurs manager did admit, however, that the strength of the public
response – which include messages
on social media from Mo Salah, Kane’s
rival for the Golden Boot – had caught
the striker by surprise. “Of course, he
never thought that this situation would
escalate, when he was so certain that
he touched the ball,” Pochettino said.
Paul MacInnes
Mauricio Pochettino believes Harry
Kane will “learn a lot” from the controversy over Tottenham’s second
goal against Stoke last Saturday. Spurs
chose to appeal a decision to award the
goal to Christian Eriksen, after Kane
claimed the Dane’s free-kick touched
his shoulder on the way into the net.
The Premier League this week
upheld the complaint and gave the
goal to Kane. Pochettino said the process had not caused any tension in his
Harry Kane swore he got
a touch for Spurs’ second
goal at Stoke and has
since attracted derision
47
City, together with the two penalties
awarded for fouls on Zaha during the
league game with Bournemouth in
December, and determined they did
not meet the criteria for a clear and
obvious case of diving.
The winger pointed to Sadio Mané’s
slightly delayed reaction after he was
clipped by James McArthur in Liverpool’s win at Selhurst Park last month,
and claimed he is not guilty of such
exaggeration. “See with Mané, it could
have been a pen,” he said. “Obviously
Macca did touch him. But he’s waited
seconds later and then thrown himself.
He’s taken at least 10 seconds, then
dived.” That was at least said through
a smile.
The Ivorian appeared to infuriate
Bournemouth’s Simon Francis during
last Saturday’s reverse fixture between
the sides. “I’ve done a one-two, I’ve
gone to run and he’s blocked me and
I fell over,” said Zaha in an interview
with Palace’s official website. “And it’s
like: ‘So, realistically, you know you’ve
“After the game Harry said he touched
the ball with a shoulder. I think Harry
is a very honest person, he’s not going
to lie about this situation.
“Harry and all our players have
Twitter, Instagram and all those things
and while Tottenham fans will have
supported him, fans of other clubs will
have killed him.
“People have opinions, that is normal. He was disappointed because he
never wanted to create this. Sometimes
it can seem a simple thing, and then
it becomes big and you can’t stop it. I
think he is going to learn a lot from this.”
Spurs play Manchester City at Wembley tomorrow with Kane hoping to
close the gap on Salah. Kane has 25
Premier League goals to the Liverpool
forward’s 29.
When asked if the week’s bureaucratic activity might provide extra
motivation for Salah, however,
Pochettino replied: “If Salah needs
this situation to inspire him? Come
on, you make me laugh.”
▲ Steve Parish said in January there
was ‘an agenda against Wilfried Zaha’
blocked me and you’ve bundled me
over. I haven’t called for a penalty but,
anywhere else on the pitch, that’s a
foul. So why are you trying to pull
me up and say: ‘Why are you diving?’
Because you know that anywhere else
it’s a foul.’
“That’s what I don’t get. Some of
these pens that aren’t given, anywhere
else that’s a foul. So why’s it a foul in
the middle of the pitch and in the
box it’s not? That’s the question I ask
myself but I don’t get involved in that
any more.”
Football
In brief
International football
South America asks Fifa
to expand World Cup
Fifa has been asked by South
American football’s governing body
to expand the World Cup to 48 teams
for the 2022 tournament in Qatar.
The Fifa president, Gianni Infantino,
who gained approval last year to
increase the amount of teams from
32 to 48 from the 2026 tournament,
received the request from Conmebol
to hasten the expansion while
attending the confederation’s
congress in Buenos Aires. A formal
letter, signed by the Conmebol
president Alejandro Dominguez and
the region’s 10 member associations,
Zaha endured abuse from home
supporters in the goalless draw at
Brighton in November, and will expect
a similar reaction from the travelling
fans at Selhurst Park tomorrow. “It
does [make me play better],” he said.
“Fans give me abuse all the time.
Nearly every team does that. If I wasn’t
a good player, you wouldn’t feel like
you need to boo me the whole game.
So do that if it makes you feel better
but it does spur me on. They can boo
me all day long.
“I just want to play the game
[against Brighton]. I want to beat them
and then they can be quiet. I don’t feel
like they’re better than us, so we just
need to get the game over and done
with, beat them and then they can just
go back to wherever they came from.
I get so much stick from them … I’m
looking forward to the game.”
▼ Wilfried Zaha chips Liverpool’s
Loris Karius before winning a penalty
ANDREW FOSKER/BPI/REX/SHUTTERSTOCK
was handed yesterday to Infantino.
An early expansion would allow
Fifa to generate more revenue
to replenish the coffers hit by
corruption scandals. But increasing
the number of games from 64 to
80 would pose additional logistical
challenges for Qatar. AP
Premier League
Clubs to vote on VAR
for league campaign
Premier League clubs will meet
today to decide whether to
implement VAR during the 2018-19
season. Video refereeing technology
will be used at the World Cup after
two years of trials. Tests conducted
in England this year, however, have
met with mixed success. Clubs
will be presented with the option
to implement the technology in
the league this summer or wait for
further tests. Paul MacInnes
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:48 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
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48
cYanmaGentaYellowb
The Guardian Friday 13 April 2018
Sport
Football Champions League
▼ Cristiano Ronaldo
celebrates after his penalty
eliminated Juventus
RODRIGO JIMENEZ/EPA
Real Madrid
suffer but sense
chance to add
to greatness
Sid Lowe
Madrid
‘M
y heart rate
went up a bit
but I tried to
calm myself
down, because
I knew it would
be decisive,” Cristiano Ronaldo said.
All that and it came down to this:
180 minutes reduced to a single
moment. A 3-0 victory for Real
Madrid in Turin, 3-0 to Juventus in
Madrid and then, in the 93rd and
final minute, with 39 remaining
seconds that would soon be
considerably more, Lucas Vázquez
went down, nudged by Medhi
Benatia. A penalty was awarded,
Juventus surrounded the referee
and Gigi Buffon was sent off.
“The referee had a rubbish bin
where his heart should be,” Buffon
said, while Vázquez insisted: “It’s a
penalty, the centre-back arrives and
bundles me over. But in a situation
like that the protests are normal, it’s
the last minute after a great game.”
Ronaldo thought differently. “I don’t
know why they were protesting
but football’s like that,” he said. As
he left the stadium, he and Buffon
embraced. They had not faced each
other for the penalty. Buffon walked,
Wojciech Szczesny came on. All the
while, Ronaldo waited.
Szczesny had no time to warm
up or touch the ball. Ronaldo, who
admitted “the minutes before
taking the penalty felt eternal”, had
it. Szczesny headed on to his line,
where he jumped up and down
pushing the bar, making it wobble.
Ronaldo, still standing there, took
a deep breath and then another,
as if trying to force both lungs out
with the air that had filled them. He
was not the only one. Eventually he
began his run. The clock had said
92min 21sec when Vázquez went
down; by the time Ronaldo struck
the penalty it was 96.55.
The nerves he admitted to having
were not visible, the ball flying into
the top corner – his 15th goal in the
competition this season – and the
stadium erupting. “Where does the
fear go when it escapes your body?”
Jorge Bustos asked in El Mundo.
There was a lot of it rushing out.
It had been there – “somewhere
between your intestines and your
throat”, Bustos reckoned – from the
start to the end.
Comebacks form part of Madrid’s
legend, encapsulated in the phrase
uttered by the forward Juanito
in 1986. Madrid had been beaten
3-1 by Internazionale in the first
leg of a Uefa Cup tie but Juanito
warned that the second leg would
be different, saying in cod Italian:
“Noventa minuti en el Bernabéu son
molto longo.” Ninety minutes in
the Bernabéu are very long. It was
supposed to apply to opponents, not
Madrid, but here it was reversed.
These 90 minutes were molto, molto
longo indeed.
When Juventus scored their first,
one minute 16 seconds had gone and
it was 8.47pm; when Madrid scored
their first, finally ending it, it was
10.40pm. An hour and 53 minutes
of suffering and then an explosion.
Somehow they had found a way
through. On the front of the sports
daily AS, the headline said: “From
panic to the semi-final.” Madrid had
escaped thanks to a “miracle”. In El
Mundo, Orfeo Suárez saw Madrid
still “on course for their Holy Grail,
like Christ resurrected. Cristiano,
taking his place standing there in the
form of a cross, was as implacable
in applying punishment as he was
suffering in martyrdom”. Suffering
was the word. “Journalists are
supposed to say things like: ‘How
lovely football is,’” Bustos wrote.
“Lovely? Bollocks.”
That is football, though. “There’s
not much chance,” Max Allegri had
said before the match but Zinedine
Zidane insisted: “In football any
team can mess things up for you in
one move.” He said so even before
Barcelona had been knocked out
in Rome, and that result came as a
timely reminder. Sergio Ramos’s
brother, René, used a Spanish phrase
that roughly translates as: “When
you see your neighbour’s beard
shaved off, prepare the shaving
Four European Cup classics
Real Madrid 7-3 Eintracht Frankfurt
1960 final
A 10-goal final certainly sounds
dramatic, even if the distribution of
goals suggests the showpiece might
have been a tad one-sided. But it felt
like it was the moment when the
European Cup came of age.
Bayern Munich 1-2 Manchester Utd
1999 final
The last part of United’s treble was
undramatic in normal time but in
the most famous three minutes
of stoppage time in history Teddy
Sheringham and Ole Gunnar
Solskjaer gave United victory.
Liverpool 3-1 Saint-Etienne
1977 third round, second leg
When the French champions scored
an away goal, Liverpool needed two
more to progress. They got them,
thanks in part to a hugely partisan
crowd, through Ray Kennedy and
David “supersub” Fairclough.
Barcelona 1-0 Internazionale
2010 semi-final
Barcelona were at the height of their
supremacy under Pep Guardiola,
but Inter arrived at the Camp Nou
with a 3-1 lead. What followed was
a defensive masterclass. Looking
back, this was peak José Mourinho.
Ole Gunnar
Solskjaer celebrates
after the 1999 final
foam for yours.” Watching from the
tunnel, suspended, the younger
Ramos saw how right he had been.
Yet no one had expected anything
quite like this, the biggest home
defeat Madrid had suffered in
this competition.
“Did I think we were going to
suffer? Yes. What I didn’t expect
was for us to concede in the first
minute,” Zidane admitted. “I knew
they would pressure us, their coach
prepared a great plan and they
played a great game. But we didn’t
expect a goal after one minute; your
head goes down and you give them
life.” Juventus reached for it, Madrid
clung to it. El Mundo made a play on
the chant: “That’s how Madrid win”
with a headline that read: “That’s
how Madrid suffer.”
Vázquez said: “This was a lesson
in football. If you relax or you’re
not focused every minute, there is
no pardon.” But there was, and this
is the way Madrid win, too. They
always seem to find a way. They
have been under pressure in recent
years but progressed; they have
trailed and come back; they have
been bad, as well as good, and won.
And despite the warning – perhaps
because of the warning? – this
will only reinforce the feeling that
Zidane’s side are on course for a third
Champions League in a row.
“We knew how to suffer and
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:49 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
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•
Friday 13 April 2018 The Guardian
49
Analysis
David Conn
Buffon’s grand story deserved
a fitting finale but his sorry
actions told another tale
H
that goal put us in the semifinal,” Vázquez added. “Juventus
forgot that in Europe you have
to kill Madrid six times,” Marca
wrote. “Football changes, Real
Madrid remain: the essence of the
Champions League,” said Santiago
Siguero.
Manuel Jabois wrote in El
País: “The Champions League is
a competition in which there are
not home and away ties but two
slaughterhouses in which it’s not
always the cleanest man who
survives. That’s why Madrid, a
terrorised, trembling team, naked
and surrendering, waiting for
extra-time like a bullet in the head,
won. Juventus passed over Madrid;
Madrid, as ever, passed through
to the next round. Because of a
striker in a trance, a mad man who
put the ball on the spot and faced
a substitute goalkeeper, then sent
a missile into the top corner in the
last moment, which is the only way
to go into a European Cup semifinal. In the end, Madrid is always
everything.”
Ronaldo said: “We suffered and
we have to learn. Nobody gives you
anything and you have to fight to
the end.” But when the end came,
standing there alone, it was no
longer time to fight; it was time to
breathe, steady his heart and take
the shot.
eartfelt sympathy
is extended to
Gianluigi Buffon,
of course, railing
with much of Italy
against the referee
Michael Oliver’s last-minute
penalty decision which wiped out
Juventus’ marvellous three-goal
Champions League second-leg
comeback against Real Madrid.
Oliver, remaining intently officious
while the Juventus players circled
him in disbelieving outrage, then
met Buffon’s excessive protests with
a red card, sending the great, giant
goalkeeper off in the last match of
his epic Champions League career.
It would take a cold heart,
maybe, not to support Buffon in
his passionate reaction and forgive
his outbursts afterwards against
the referee. Perhaps, as Buffon said
so floridly of Oliver, it would take
a rubbish bin for a heart. But then
again, maybe not.
When Buffon and Juventus
reflect, on even so enormous a
sporting disappointment, perhaps
he might find it in his own heart
to apologise. His human response
was understandable but his protest
on the field was over the top, and
his comments afterwards about
Oliver were insulting, bordering
on abusive.
This most pressured football
drama was the highest of tests for
the time-served football rule drilled
into children when they first pull
their socks up: never argue with the
ref. Buffon failed it after the penalty
was awarded. As wise old coaches
tell their young players, he was only
letting his own team down.
Arguing with the referee is
necessarily an offence in the rules;
Buffon, bawling and pawing at
Oliver, had to go. His post-match
comments to the media, about
Oliver having a rubbish bin for
a heart, not knowing “shit”,
and having no personality, were
unworthy, the Champions League
equivalent of waiting for a referee in
the car park after a disagreement on
the public parks.
That, most importantly, is
why Buffon is in the wrong. It is
legitimate to question how far
‘Savage and
sadistic’ – press
in Italy united
in disbelief
“Better to go to the Bernabéu, lose the
match and amen. See you next year.
Like this, no, like this everything stays
open and everything feels unfinished,
like a door slammed in your face.”
And who had closed that door,
exactly? Not Madrid, not Cristiano
Ronaldo, even if his penalty was
beautifully struck. There was little
more than a grain of criticism to be
found for Medhi Benatia, whose
injury-time challenge on Lucas
Vázquez led to the spot-kick.
Instead, the focus fell squarely on
the referee who had awarded it. “If
Mr Michael Oliver, United Kingdom,
33 years old from Ashington, wanted to
put his name down in history then he
succeeded,” wrote Tuttosport’s Guido
Vaciago. “Real Madrid will not easily
forget him, honoured as they were
with a penalty that perhaps was not
counterfeit, but certainly generous.
“Juventus will not forget him either,
a dream snatched away, that is if Gigi
Buffon dreams, he who Mr Oliver sent
off just to be sure of adding a legendary
touch to his display.”
Paolo Bandini
“Not like this.” Those words recurred
over and over in the Italian media’s
coverage of Juventus’s Champions
League elimination, with Tuttosport
turning them into a front-page headline. There are occasions when the
Turin-based newspaper’s journalists
seem to witness games very differently
to those elsewhere on the peninsula.
This was not one of those times.
“If there is a savage and sadistic
way to be eliminated, then this is it,”
wrote Fabrizio Bocca in La Repubblica.
famed sporting giants are, or should
be expected to be, role models to
the millions watching them, but
in their conduct towards referees,
they do set standards. There are
very important reasons why those
standards should be decent; why,
whatever the stakes, the referee’s
decision has to be final and why the
stars – and managers, and pundits
– should maintain respect: because
in the real world, abuse of referees
is rife, accompanied by the visceral
threat of physical violence.
Only last year in Manchester a
young referee, Ryan Hampson,
18, organised a strike of amateur
referees in protest at the violence
and abuse infesting amateur
matches. Hampson said he had been
headbutted, spat at and punched
during his four years as a referee,
and knew many other referees who
had suffered the same.
A helpline set up in response by
an organisation, Ref Support UK,
reported 70 calls in its first month,
including two physical assaults
and a referee who had been told he
would be killed.
This has been happening for
decades, before and after the
English Football Association
unrolled its “respect” plastic tape
and ringed the public pitches
with it. An experienced referee in
Manchester told me years ago
that the lack of respect shown
by star players and managers on
television set the tone for what
happened on the parklands,
where there is no spotlight or
protection.
Human error is an integral
feature of refereeing – which is
why it does not actually matter,
when discussing Buffon’s reaction,
whether Oliver’s decision was
technically right or not. However
skilled they are, referees are
necessary, a precious part of the
game. On the parks just having a
referee, somebody who turns up
wearing black kit and wielding a
whistle, establishes the authority
of the rules, of the sport itself.
Experience tells that without a
referee, thuggery is less restrained,
and it is a struggle to have enough
people willing to do it.
All of football feels for Juventus
but Buffon was wrong, as Pep
Guardiola was the night before,
to confront the referee. The icons
of football need to set a better
example, remember what they
were told as children and live
by it at the galactic heights they
now inhabit. Buffon, as penance,
should be made by Uefa to do a
season’s refereeing, on the mud
baths of Manchester.
Michael
Oliver dismisses
Gianluigi Buffon
of Juventus in
the Champions
League quarterfinal against Real
Madrid at the
Bernabéu
FRANCISCO SECO/AP
Analysis of individual refereeing decisions are a regular feature of
Italy’s sports pages. There were subtly different takes from the various
“moviola” (replay) columnists, with
some defining the penalty as soft and
others as an outright travesty. Even
those who could see why the incident
was punishable under the letter of the
law still argued that Oliver should have
read the situation better.
“To concede a debatable penalty
that decides access to the semi-final
of the Champions League, on a refereeing level, qualifies as a mistake,”
▲ Italian coverage returned again
and again to the phrase ‘not like this’
opined Francesco Ceniti in Gazzetta
dello Sport. “We need to start with this
premise before analysing the incident
which rightly infuriated Juve. Because
every referee knows well that there are
moments in which your whistle has a
different weight and so you only punish (or should punish) obvious fouls.”
One or two journalists did try to
bring readers’ attention back to the
football. “Leave the regrets for tomorrow, or maybe never,” wrote Vaciago.
“Yes, the first leg, the distractions, the
missed chances. Don’t ruin the sensation of having witnessed one of the
most beautiful football stories of our
lifetime.”
For most, though, the fury was
too much to bear. “Juve won on the
pitch, and Andrea Agnelli won big off
it,” wrote Corriere dello Sport’s Alessandro Vocalelli, noting the Juventus
president’s criticisms of the man who
assigns the officials for Champions
League matches – Pierluigi Collina.
His newspaper’s front-page headline put it more concisely. “What a
robbery,” it read.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:50 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
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•
50
The Guardian Friday 13 April 2018
Chalov
fires a chill
through
Gunners
Sport
Football Europa League
Fyodor
Chalov scores
the opener
for CSKA
Moscow in the
quarter-final
second leg
against
Arsenal
GRIGORY DUKOR/
REUTERS
Welbeck and Ramsey send Arsenal
into the last four after Cech’s jitters
CSKA Moscow
2
Chalov 39, Nababkin 50
Arsenal
2
Welbeck 75, Ramsey 90
Arsenal win 6-3 on agg
Possession
CSKA Moscow
53%
Arsenal
47%
Shots on target
6
2
Fouls
9
3
Stuart James
VEB Arena
Arsenal being Arsenal, it was never
going to be straightforward. For much
of the evening Arsène Wenger’s players did their best to emulate Barcelona’s performance at Roma in a way
that nobody at Arsenal would have
wanted as CSKA Moscow threatened
to overturn a three-goal deficit and
inflict the sort of humiliation that the
Frenchman would have struggled to
survive.
Yet with CSKA two goals to the
good, courtesy of close-range efforts
from Fedor Chalov and Kiril Nababkin,
and chasing the decisive third blow
that would have seen Arsenal eliminated, the Premier League club found
salvation in the shape of Danny Welbeck. Aaron Ramsey secured the draw
in injury time.
Relief coursed through Wenger and
the rest of the Arsenal bench as the
England international scored 15 minutes from time to give the visitors the
breathing space they so badly needed.
Their six-match winning run is over
and this was such a poor performance
from a team that played with so little
conviction, yet all that matters right
now is that Arsenal’s hopes of winning
the Europa League remain alive and
they are through to their first European
semi-final in nine years.
Around 300 or so Arsenal fans made
the long trip to Moscow for a game that
was taking place amid a backdrop of
growing political tension between the
United Kingdom and Russia. Wenger
had no concerns beforehand about the
match itself and CSKA seemed eager to
demonstrate that they could be seen as
welcoming hosts by handing out traditional Russian hats to the Arsenal fans.
On the face of it, there was nothing
for Arsenal to fear here. CSKA had won
only two of their previous 10 European
home fixtures and the way the Russian
team defended in the first leg, when
Arsenal scored four in the first half and
should have put the tie to bed in the
second, ought to have given Wenger’s
players plenty of encouragement.
The onus was on CSKA to open
Arsenal up at the other end, yet that
rarely looked like happening in a drab
opening half hour in which the noise
created by the partisan home supporters was far more impressive than
anything their players produced on
the pitch. Aside from the odd burst of
pace from Ahmed Musa, the on-loan
Leicester striker who had been lively
in the first leg, CSKA offered little and
it appeared as though Arsenal would
get to half-time without any problems.
That was the theory but Arsenal
never make life easy for themselves and
so it proved yet again as CSKA took the
lead six minutes before the interval.
The damage was done on the Arsenal
right, where Héctor Bellerín was caught
out and Konstantin Kuchaev had too
much space to deliver a cross that was
met by the head of Kirill Nababkin,
climbing above Nacho Monreal. Petr
Cech, diving low to his right, managed
to claw the ball out with an instinctive
save but Chalov reacted quicker than
Shkodran Mustafi to the loose ball and
stabbed home from a couple of yards.
Arsenal suddenly had a game on
their hands, renewed belief surged
through the CSKA players and things
quickly started to go from bad to worse
for Wenger. Ramsey headed down the
tunnel on a stretcher and Jack Wilshere
was seen clutching a calf in clear discomfort moments later. CSKA were
now in firm control and almost had
a second in the 43rd minute, when
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:51 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 12/4/2018 22:01
cYanmaGentaYellowb
•
Friday 13 April 2018 The Guardian
51
Results
Kirill
Nababkin
celebrates
with Sergei
Ignashevich
and Kristijan
Bistrovic
after sending
CSKA 2-0 up
GRIGORY DUKOR/
REUTERS
Double
trouble for
Wenger’s
men
Commonwealth Games
GOLD COAST 2018 (Australia)
Athletics: Men: 200m: 1 J Richards (Tri) 20.12sec;
2 A Brown (Can) 20.34; 3 L Reid (NI) 20.55.
800m: 1 W Kintamal (Ken) 1min 45.11sec; 2 K Langford (Eng)
1:45.16; 3 L Mathews 1:45.60.
Pole vault: 1 K Marschall (Aus) 5.70m; 2 S Barber (Can) 5.65;
3 L Cutts (Eng) 5.45.
Women: 200m: 1 S Miller-Uibo (Bah) 22.09sec; 2 S Jackson
(Jam) 22.18; 3 D Asher-Smith (Eng) 22.29.
400m hurdles: 1 J Russel (Jam) 54.33sec; 2 E Doyle (Sco)
54.80; 3 W Nel (SA) 54.96.
T38 100m: 1 S Hahn (Eng) 12.46sec; 2 R Clarke (Aus) 13.17;
3 O Breen (Wal) 13.35.
Long jump: 1 C Nettey (Can) 6.84m; 2 B Stratton (Aus) 6.77;
3 S Proctor (Eng) 6.75.
Bowls: Women: Triples: Gold medal: Australia bt Scotland
21-12. Bronze medal: England bt Canada 20-12.
Cycling: Women: Cross country: 1 A Last (Eng) 1hr 18min
02sec; 2 E Richards (Eng) 1:18.50; 3 H Smith (Can) 1:20.26.
Diving: Men: 3m springboard: 1 J Laugher (Eng) 519.40pt;
2 P Gagne (Can) 452.70; 3 J Connor (Aus) 438.50.
Wrestling: Women: Freestyle 76 kg: Bronze medal:
G Nelthorpe (Eng) bt H Kamara (Sie).
INDIAN PREMIER LEAGUE
Hyderabad Mumbai 147-8. Hyderabad 151-9 (S Dhawan 45;
M Markande 4-23). Hyderabad beat Mumbai by one wicket.
Football
UEFA EUROPA LEAGUE
Quarter-finals: Second leg
CSKA Moscow
Chalov 39
Nababkin 50
(1) 2
Arsenal
Welbeck 75
Ramsey 90
(agg 3-6)
(0) 2
Marseille
Ilsanker 6og
Sarr 10
Thauvin 38
Payet 60, Sakai 90
(3) 5
RB Leipzig
Bruma 2
Augustin 55
(1) 2
RB Salzburg
Dabbur 56
Haïdara 72
Hwang 74
Lainer 76
(0) 4
Sporting
Montero 28
(1) 1
(agg 5-3)
Lazio
Immobile 55
(0) 1
(agg 6-5)
Atlético Madrid
(0) 0
(agg 1-2)
SKY BET LEAGUE ONE
P
Wigan
40
Blackburn
41
Shrewsbury
41
Rotherham
41
Plymouth
40
Charlton
41
Portsmouth
41
Peterborough
41
Scunthorpe
41
Bristol Rovers
41
Fleetwood
42
Bradford
40
Blackpool
42
Southend
41
Gillingham
41
Doncaster
39
Walsall
41
Oxford Utd
41
AFC Wimbledon
41
Oldham
40
Rochdale
40
MK Dons
41
Northampton
42
Bury
41
Jack Wilshere
clutches his
left leg in
pain after
going down
in first-half
injury time
in Moscow
STEVEN PASTON/
BPI/REX/
SHUTTERSTOCK
Bradford
Wilshere
leg injury
adds hint
of gloom
Arsène Wenger
watches the action
Kristijan Bistrovic’s rising first-time
shot from just outside the penalty area
flashed past an upright with Cech looking on anxiously.
An additional concern for Arsenal
was that they looked so toothless in
attack in the first half. They got into
some promising positions at times but
the poor cut-back that Danny Welbeck
delivered to Ramsey, shortly before
the midfielder went down injured,
was typical of their carelessness
during that period. Indeed Arsenal
finished the opening 45 minutes
without registering a shot on target
and though Wenger decided against
replacing Ramsey and was rewarded
when the Welshman returned before
the interval.
The good news for Arsenal was that
Wilshere also re-emerged for the second half. The bad news was that CSKA
had doubled their lead within five minutes of the restart as Arsenal continued
to play with so little urgency. It was a
desperately poor goal to concede in
so many respects and started with
Ramsey giving away the ball inside
the Arsenal half with a blind pass.
Aleksandr Golovin picked up pos-
W
26
25
24
21
18
17
19
16
15
16
15
16
13
14
12
12
12
12
12
11
9
10
10
7
(0) 0
D
8
11
10
6
9
11
5
13
16
7
9
6
14
11
15
14
12
11
10
12
15
12
10
9
L
6
5
7
14
13
13
17
12
10
18
18
18
15
16
14
13
17
18
19
17
16
19
22
25
F
81
75
55
68
53
54
54
64
58
57
56
49
54
49
43
47
49
55
39
53
44
41
36
32
A
27
36
33
51
48
49
51
51
49
61
60
61
52
60
47
45
59
62
51
67
53
59
72
62
GD
+54
+39
+22
+17
+5
+5
+3
+13
+9
-4
-4
-12
+2
-11
-4
+2
-10
-7
-12
-14
-9
-18
-36
-30
Shrewsbury
Pts
86
86
82
69
63
62
62
61
61
55
54
54
53
53
51
50
48
47
46
45
42
42
40
30
(0) 0
VANARAMA NATIONAL LEAGUE
Halifax 2 Gateshead 2
VANARAMA NATIONAL LEAGUE NORTH
Spennymoor Town 0 Brackley 3; Telford 3 Leamington 2
session a couple of passes later and
with no Arsenal player attempting
to close him down, the midfielder
accepted the invitation to shoot from
30 yards. Cech was well-positioned to
make the save but the Arsenal goalkeeper made a pig’s ear of things and
succeeded only in parrying the ball
into the path of Nababkin, who swept
home with the minimum of fuss.
Arsenal were on the rack. Golovin’s
25-yard free-kick was turned around a
post by Cech and Sergei Ignashevich
thumped a shot just wide. The visitors
needed some inspiration and Welbeck
provided it as he playing a neat onetwo with Mohamed Elneny before
finishing with a flourish.
EVO-STIK NORTHERN PREMIER LEAGUE
Banbury L Stratford Town L; Kings Lynn Town L Kettering L;
Kings Langley 1 Biggleswade Town 1; St Ives Town L
Basingstoke L; Hitchin L Hereford L
EVO-STIK SOUTHERN PREMIER LEAGUE
Farsley Celtic L Witton Albion L; Shaw Lane L Stalybridge L;
Stourbridge L Stafford Rangers L; Whitby L Warrington L
FA WOMEN’S SUPER LEAGUE TWO
London Bees L Aston Villa L
Rugby league
BETFRED SUPER LEAGUE
P W D
St Helens
10 9 0
Wigan
9 7 0
Warrington
11 7 0
Leeds
9 6 1
Hull FC
11 6 0
Castleford
8 6 0
Wakefield
9 4 0
Hull KR
10 3 0
Widnes
11 3 0
Salford
10 3 0
Huddersfield
10 2 1
Catalans Dragons 10 2 0
Referee Felix Zwayer (Ger)
Arsenal
4-1-4-1
Cech; Bellerín, Mustafi,
Koscielny, Monreal;
Elneny; Özil, Ramsey,
Wilshere (Iwobi 77),
Welbeck (Chambers 69);
Lacazette
Subs not used
Macey, Mertesacker,
Holding, Kolasinac,
Nketiah
20
L
1
2
4
2
5
2
5
7
8
7
7
8
F
282
278
208
184
261
151
180
171
197
148
148
142
A
114
132
161
155
230
160
166
228
255
212
283
254
Hull FC
PD
+168
+146
+47
+29
+31
-9
+14
-57
-58
-64
-135
-112
Golf
WOMEN’S LOTTE CHAMPIONSHIP(Oahu, Hawaii)
Leading first-round scores (US unless stated) 67 Feng S
(Chn). 68 M Edberg (Swe); Kang H (Kor); BM Henderson (Can).
69 Ji E-h (Kor); A Sharp (Can); M Martin; Park I-b (Kor);
J Granada (Par); L Salas. 70 L Duncan; P Lindberg (Swe);
K Kaufman; M Lee (Aus). 71 M Sagstrom (Swe); Kim J-h (Kor);
C Kerr; A Emrey; B Niphatsophon (Tha); A Uehara (Jpn);
K Tamulis. 72 M Uribe (Col); Lee I-h (Kor); R O’Toole;
B Marchand (Can); N Hataoka (Jpn); A Newell; R Ree; Ryu S-y
(Kor); M Wie; P Phatlum (Tha); K Dambaugh; M Jutanugarn
(Tha); H Green (Aus); T Chan (HK). 73 A Jutanugarn (Tha);
Choi C (Kor); M-A Leblanc (Fr); R Artis (Aus); S-J Smith (Aus);
C Lennarth (Swe); Lee S-y (Kor); D Iacobelli; J Shin;
T Suwannapura (Tha); K Kirk (Aus); D Kang; A Ashok (Ind).
Tennis
ATP CLAY COURT CHAMPIONSHIP (Houston, US)
Second round: T Sandgren (US) bt N Kicker (Arg) 6-2 7-6
(7-3); I Karlovic (Cro) bt D Kudla (US) 7-5 7-5; G Pella (Arg)
bt S Querrey (US) 2-6 7-6 (7-4) 7-6 (7-3); N Kyrgios (Aus)
bt B Fratangelo (US) 6-7 (2-7) 6-1 6-2.
ATP GRAND PRIX HASSAN II (Marrakech, Morocco)
Second round: J Sousa (Por) bt M Basic (Bos) 6-3 3-6 6-4;
N Basilashvili (Geo) bt L Ouahab (Mor) 7-6 (7-5) 5-7 6-3;
K Edmund (GB) bt R Albot (Mol) 6-2 6-4; M Jaziri (Tun) bt
M Zverev (Ger) 6-2 6-4.
WTA CLARO OPEN COLSANITAS (Bogotá, Colombia)
First round: L Arruabarrena (Sp) bt V Rodríguez (Mex) 6-2
7-6 (7-3); S Sorribes Tormo (Sp) bt C Zhao (Can) 3-6 6-1
6-1; V Grammatikopoulou (Greece) bt M Kato (Jpn) 5-7 6-4
6-4; A Bogdan (Rom) bt M Duque Marino (Col) 6-1 7-6
(7-1); R Zarazua (Mex) bt A Tomljanovic (Aus) 1-6 6-4 7-6
(8-6); E Kostova (Bul) bt N Hibino (Jpn) 6-2 6-4; E Arango
(Col) bt V Cepede Royg (Par) 6-0 2-6 6-4.
WTA LUGANO OPEN (Switzerland)
First round: V Lapko (Blr) bt A Kontaveit (Est) 3-6 6-4 6-3;
K Flipkens (Bel) bt C Witthöft (Ger) 1-6 6-4 6-3; S Vögele
(Swi) bt M Frech (Pol) 6-3 6-3; K Von Deichmann (Lie) bt
L Siegemund (Ger) 7-6 (7-5) 2-3 ret; M Barthel (Ger) bt
S Kuznetsova (Rus) 4-6 6-3 6-4; T Korpatsch (Ger) bt
K Mladenovic (Fr) 7-6 (7-5) 3-2 ret; D Kovinic (Mnt) bt
V Golubic (Swi) 7-6 (8-6) 3-6 6-4.
Second round: A Sabalenka (Blr) bt P Hercog (Svn) 6-3 6-1.
Basketball
NBA
Boston 110 Brooklyn 97; Chicago 87 Detroit 119;
Cleveland 98 New York 110; LA Clippers 100 LA Lakers 115;
Miami 116 Toronto 109; Minnesota 112 Denver 106;
New Orleans 122 San Antonio 98; Oklahoma City 137
Memphis 123; Orlando 101 Washington 92;
Philadelphia 130 Milwaukee 95; Portland 102 Utah 93;
Sacramento 96 Houston 83
Ice hockey
BOSTIK PREMIER LEAGUE
Burgess Hill Town 0 Leatherhead 1; Dulwich 4 Dorking
Wanderers 0; Harrow Borough 6 Lowestoft Town 0;
Staines Town L Folkestone Invicta L
Widnes
CSKA Moscow
3-4-1-2
Akinfeev; V Berezutski,
Ignashevich,
A Berezutski; Bistrovic
(Natcho 72); Nababkin,
Golovin•, Kuchaev;
Dzagoev (Vitinho 38);
Musa, Chalov
(Milanov 79)
Subs not used
Pomazun, Schennikov,
Zhamaletdinov,
Khosonov
S Ecclestone not out .........................................................2
Extras (lb2, w2) ................................................................4
Total (for 9, 50 overs)....................................................201
Fall 9, 27, 90, 99, 131, 159, 165, 198, 201.
Did not bat A Hartley.
Bowling Goswami 9-1-39-2; Vastrakar 8-1-32-0;
Gayakwad 10-1-32-2; Sharma 10-0-35-2;
Yadav 10-0-47-2; Kaur 3-0-14-0.
India
JI Rodrigues c Beaumont b Shrubsole.................................2
S Mandhana retd hurt .....................................................53
V Krishnamurthy c Wilson b Shrubsole...............................7
*M Raj not out ................................................................74
DB Sharma not out..........................................................54
Extras (b2, lb2, nb1, w7) .................................................12
Total (for 2, 45.2 overs).................................................202
Fall 2, 23.
Did not bat H Kaur, P Vastrakar, †S Verma, J Goswami,
P Yadav, RS Gayakwad.
Bowling Shrubsole 8-1-37-2; Sciver 7-0-30-0;
Hazell 10-2-32-0; Ecclestone 9-0-32-0; Elwiss 1-0-12-0;
Hartley 7.2-0-40-0; Knight 3-0-15-0.
Toss England elected to bat.
Umpires T Sharma (Ind) and PG Pathak (Ind).
Pts
18
14
14
13
12
12
8
6
6
6
5
4
39
Cricket
THIRD WOMEN’S ONE-DAY INTERNATIONAL
India v England
Nagpur India beat England by eight wickets and win threematch series 2-1.
England
DN Wyatt b Goswami.........................................................17
TT Beaumont c Verma b Goswami ........................................4
†AE Jones run out (Gayakwad/Sharma) ..............................94
*HC Knight c Kaur b Sharma ..............................................36
NR Sciver b Yadav ...............................................................4
FC Wilson st Verma b Yadav ...............................................11
GA Elwiss st Verma b Gayakwad .........................................11
A Shrubsole lbw b Gayakwad ...............................................3
D Hazell b Sharma .............................................................15
NHL PLAY-OFFS
Eastern Conference: First round Pittsburgh 7 Philadelphia 0
Western Conference: First round Las Vegas 1 Los Angeles 0;
Winnipeg Jets 3 Minnesota 2
Fixtures (7.45pm unless stated)
Football
Sky Bet Championship
Aston Villa v Leeds
JD Welsh Premier League
Bala Town v The New Saints; Prestatyn Town v Aberystwyth
SSE Airtricity Irish Premier Division
Bray v Dundalk; Cork City v St Patricks; Derry City v
Waterford; Shamrock Rovers v Bohemians (8pm)
FA Women’s Super League
Yeovil v Reading
Rugby union
Aviva Premiership
Newcastle v Sale
Guinness Pro14
Cheetahs v Munster (6.35pm); Glasgow v Connacht
(7.35pm); Ulster v Ospreys (7.35pm)
Greene King IPA Championship
Bristol v Doncaster
Rugby league
Betfred Super League
Leeds v Wigan
Betfred Championship
Rochdale v London Broncos
Cricket
Specsavers County Championship
Division One (first day of four)
Ageas Bowl Hampshire v Worcestershire (11am)
Old Trafford Lancashire v Nottinghamshire (11am)
Headingley Yorkshire v Essex (11am)
Division Two (first day of four)
Canterbury Kent v Gloucestershire (11am)
Lord’s Middlesex v Northamptonshire (11am)
Edgbaston Warwickshire v Sussex (11am)
MCC University matches (first day of three)
Riverside Durham v Durham MCCU (11am)
Swalec Stadium Glamorgan v Cardiff MCCU (11am)
Weetwood Leeds/Bradford MCCU v Derbyshire (11am)
Grace Road Leicestershire v Loughborough MCCU (11am)
Taunton Somerset v Oxford MCCU (11am)
The Oval Surrey v Cambridge MCCU (11am)
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:52 Edition Date:180413 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 12/4/2018 22:00
cYanmaGentaYellowb
•
Hughes heartache
England sprinter
misses out on 200m
gold after being
disqualified in final
Sports newspaper of the year
Sp
Plus
how much
‘I know
kn
this would
uld have
meant to
mea
o my coach’
Commonweath
Com
nweath
Games, pages
Gam
ages 42-43
The Guardian
Friday 13 April 2018
Frid
Match report
Stuart James
Page 50 CSKA Moscow
Arsenal
2
2
Chalov 39
Nababkin 50
Welbeck 75
Ramsey 90
Welbeck saves Wenger
Arsenal’s relief after CSKA
threaten unlikely comeback
▲ Danny
Welbeck
scores the
all-important
away goal to
calm Arsenal’s
nerves during
their Europa
League clash
against CSKA
GRIGORY DUKOR/
REUTERS
Look who’s back
Fury sets sights on Joshua
as he returns to the ring
Grand National
All the runners and riders
for your office sweepstake
Page 46 Page 44 
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