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The i Newspaper – April 03, 2018

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QUA L I T Y, C O N C I S E T H E F U T U R E O F I N D E PE N D E N T JOU R NA L I S M
Winter’s end is in sight!
Temperatures will rocket
to a baking hot 16°C
A tangled legacy
P5
Winnie Mandela, 1936-2018
P10-11
New NHS
one-stop
shop for
spotting
TUESDAY
3 APRIL 2018
Number 2,295
News.co.uk
My advice
to you
after testing
my DNA
Labour
anti-Semitism
‘more widespread
than thought’,
says Momentum
P6
PLUS
A party
out of order
by Jane Merrick
P15
cancer
Elizabeth
Anderson
I wasn’t given
the boot
Top prosecutor
defends conduct
» Faster diagnosis for patients who visit GP
P13
with ‘vague’ symptoms, including fatigue,
unexplained weight loss and abdominal pain
SPORT
How Klopp
can pip Pep
to European
glory
» Multiple tests for different cancers
P26
i@inews.co.uk
@theipaper
theipaper theipaper
with results on the same day
» Trials at 10 hospitals in England – then
P52
plans to roll out across UK
» NHS promises to ‘revolutionise our
approach to cancer in this country’
P4
PLUS PUZZLES
P44
I JENNY ECLAIR
P18
I 10 BEST WOMEN’S SPRING SCENTS
P35
I NATURE
P32
The
News
Matrix
DIPLOMACY
What
dubious
honour has
been awarded
to Ann
Widdecombe?
See p.19
The day at
a glance
IRAN
TUESDAY
3
APRIL
Quote of the day
Life is a fatal complaint,
and an eminently
contagious one
OLIVER WENDELL
HOLMES
LIBYA
Russia: UK poisoned
spy as Brexit tactic
Russia’s foreign minister Sergei
Lavrov has suggested Britain may
have poisoned its former agent Sergei
Skripal to distract from Brexit talks.
“Experts tell us it may be beneficial
to the British special services, who
are known for their ability to act with
licence to kill,” he said. PAGE 7
HEALTH
UNITED STATES
Jailed Briton’s family Government targets
plead with PM
remnants of Isis
NHS bosses rack up
£6m credit card bill
Trump calls for
delay on lawsuit
The husband of Nazanin ZaghariRatcliffe, the Briton jailed in Iran,
has called on Theresa May to
intervene. Speaking at an event to
mark the second anniversary of her
detention, Richard Ratcliffe said:
“Nazanin is still in prison, so in simple
terms, the Foreign Secretary [Boris
Johnson] has not done enough.”
Health bosses have racked up almost
£6m in expenses on taxpayer-funded
credit cards in the past two years,
according to a report.
Among the purchases were stays
at five-star hotels and go-karting
trips, the Daily Mail reported. One
chief even billed the taxpayer £562
for a private helicopter lesson.
President Donald Trump’s lawyers
are asking a New York state appeals
court to throw out or freeze a
defamation lawsuit by a former
contestant on The Apprentice,
Summer Zervos, who has accused
Mr Trump of unwanted kissing and
groping. Notice of the appeal was
filed on Sunday.
Libya’s internationally recognised
government launched a military
operation yesterday against
remnants of Isis, it said.
Local forces aligned with the
Government of National Accord
ousted Isis from its stronghold in the
city of Sirte in late 2016, helped by
US air strikes.
HEALTH
NATURE
SCIENCE
MILITARY
Drug can be used
to treat two cancers
Dinosaur prints
found on Skye
Chinese space
station falls to Earth
Soldier dies in Army
diving accident
A drug used in treating some lung
cancers could offer a new targeted
therapy for thousands of breast
cancer patients, research has
shown. Scientists at the Institute of
Cancer Research have established
that lung cancer drug crizotinib can
kill breast cancer cells that have a
particular genetic defect.
Dozens of newly discovered
dinosaur footprints on the Isle of
Skye are helping to shed light on
the Jurassic reptiles’ evolution. The
discovery of the 170-million-year-old
tracks is considered to be globally
important as it provides rare
evidence from the Middle Jurassic
period. PAGE 13
A Chinese space station has
plummeted to Earth, burning up as
it entered the atmosphere. Most of
the space lab came to a fiery end as it
fell into the South Pacific yesterday.
Brad Tucker, at Australian National
University, said its remnants
appeared to have landed 62 miles
north-west of Tahiti. PAGE 25
A soldier has died in a diving
incident during the final week of his
Army diver course.
An Army spokesman said: “It is
with great sadness that we must
confirm that Lance Corporal George
Partridge died in a tragic diving
incident on 26 March at the National
Dive Activity Centre, Chepstow.”
Birthdays
Eddie Murphy, comedian
and actor (below), 57; Paris
Jackson, model/actress,
20; Dame Jane Goodall,
primatologist, 84; Leona
Lewis, pop singer, 33; Alec
Baldwin, actor, 60; Nigel
Farage, politician, 54
ARTS
The List
The go-to holiday
destinations for 2018
The top 10 destinations with the
fastest-growing popularity in
2018 according to TripAdvisor
has Ishigaki in Japan at the top.
Casablanca in Morocco came in at
No 10.
Anniversaries
Monday 3 April 1865
During the American Civil
War, the Confederate
capital of Richmond,
Virginia, falls to Union
forces following a crushing
attack led by General
Ulysses S Grant.
1 Ishigaki, Japan
2 Kapa’a, Hawaii
3 Nairobi, Kenya
4 Halifax, Nova Scotia
5 Gdańsk, Poland
6 San Jose, Costa Rica
7 Riga, Latvia
8 Rovinj, Croatia (below)
9 Nerja, Spain
10 Casablanca, Morocco
Subscribe to i at
i-subscription.co.uk
index
Crossword.............20
TV & Radio...........28
The 10 Best...........35
Business.................40
Puzzles.....................42
Weather...................45
Drawing
power
It's been a bumper year for the world's museums and art galleries
as culture-hungry visitors continue to flock to them in record
numbers, with Beijing crashing into the top 10 for the first time.
Top 10 most popular art exhibitions in 2017 by daily visitors
Total
Top 10 most popular art
museums in the world, 2017
Daily
Exhibition and gallery
11,268
Unkei: the Great master of Buddhist Sculpture
Tokyo National Museum
600,439
Musée du Louvre
Paris
8.1m visitors
8,926
Icons of Modern Art: the Shchukin Collection
Fondation Louis Vuitton, Paris
1,205,063
National Museum of China
Beijing
8.06m
8,505
Alphonse Mucha
National Art Centre Tokyo
657,350
Metropolitan Museum of Art
6.69m
New York
7,509
Painters’ Painters
Saatchi Gallery, London
833,490
Vatican Museums
Vatican City
6.43m
6,714
Yayoi Kusama: My Eternal Soul
National Art Centre Tokyo
518,893
British Museum
London
5.91m
6,687
Mondrian and De Stijl
Centro Cultural Banco Brasil, Rio de Janeiro
516,834
Tate Modern
London
5.66m
6,388
Ken Jacobs; the Guests
Guggenheim, Bilbao
597,702
National Gallery of Art
5.23m
Washington DC
6,229
Bill Viola: a Retrospective
Guggenheim, Bilbao
710,995
National Gallery
London
6,161
Georg Baselitz; the Heroes
Guggenheim, Bilbao
534,221
National Palace Museum
4.44m
Taipei
6,082
Van Gogh and the Seasons
National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne
462,262
State Hermitage Museum
4.20m
St Petersburg
5.23m
SOURCE: THE ART NEWSPAPER
Newspapers support recycling
The recycled content of UK
newspapers in 2015 was 71%
©Published by Johnston Publications Limited, 2 Cavendish Square, London W1G 0PU, and printed at
Trinity Mirror Printing, St Albans Road, Watford; Hollinwood Avenue, Oldham; and Cardonald Park,
Glasgow. Also printed at Carn Web, Carn Industrial Estate, Portadown. Back issues available from Historic
Newspapers, 0844 770 7684. Tuesday 3 April 2018. Registered as a newspaper with the Post Office.
Select journalism in i is copyright
independent.co.uk and copyright
Evening Standard, beyond those
accredited as such.
NEWS
2-27
VOICES
14-18
TV
28-29
IQ
30-39
BUSINESS SPORT
40-41
47-56
i TUESDAY
3 APRIL 2018
ThePage3Profile
UNITED STATES
THE QUEEN MOTHER’S FRIDGE
Couple get married
in supermarket aisle
Oliver Duff
A Pennsylvania couple who met at a
supermarket 10 years ago have tied
the knot there. Larry Spiering, 69,
and Becky Smith, 61, married at the
Community Supermarket in Lower
Burrell on Sunday. Ms Smith was
working at the supermarket when
Mr Spiering walked up and gave her
his name and phone number.
A celebration of
simple genius
ASTRONOMY
Scientists detect
‘supergiant’ star
PETER JOLLY/ NORTHPIX
A blue “supergiant” nine billion light
years away is the most distant star
to be observed by astronomers.
Usually at such distances
scientists can image only galaxies
or supernovas and gamma ray
bursts – which are colossal cosmic
explosions. A rare cosmic alignment
naturally magnified the supergiant.
Does its light still come on?
The fridge has celebrated its 64th
birthday and is still in fine working
order. The appliance, which resides
at the Queen Mother’s former home
at the Castle of Mey in Caithness,
Scotland, just passed its latest annual
electrical check. It has been in action
for nearly as long as the Queen has
been on the throne, making it one of
the longest-lasting fridges in the land.
Cool!
Quite. The kitchen unit made by
General Motors is known as the
Frigidaire. It has 6in doors, according
to the Queen Mother’s former head
chef, Michael Sealey. “It must be
one of the oldest working fridges in
Britain,” he has said. “Other than it
being slightly chipped with age, it’s
in perfect working order. It was built
to last.”
A bit like the Queen mum then.
You could say that. The Queen
PEOPLE
Mother, who died in 2002 aged
101, was certainly known for her
resilience – and for her thriftiness
which on this occasion paid off, as
the unit continues to buzz away in
the kitchen. She bought it in 1954,
two years after she purchased the
castle itself.
Apparently it has only ever had
one slight hiccup. In 2000, when
underfloor heating was installed,
the fridge’s temperature control was
affected. So it was lifted on blocks and
all was well again.
A frosty reception.
According to Ashe Windham, her
former equerry, the fridge was not the
only thing she saved money on. Mr
Windham, who is now chairman of
the Castle of Mey Trust, says that she
did not buy a TV for the castle either,
opting instead to rent one for her
summer visits.
Can I see this modern-day miracle?
You can. The fridge is included in
tours of the castle, which opened
over Easter. It will be on display for
the season fully in May as well as on
certain days this month, for those
wishing to pay the grand old appliance a visit. The Castle of Mey has
welcomed visitors since the Queen
Mother died.
‘The Rock’: I was
crying constantly
Dwayne “The Rock” Johnson has
opened up about his mental health
struggles in the aftermath of his
mother’s suicide attempt. The
wrestler-turned-actor told The
Express: “I was devastated and
depressed. I reached a point where
I didn’t want to do a thing or go
anywhere. I was crying constantly.”
MUSIC
‘1812 Overture’ top
of classical pieces
Tchaikovsky’s 1812 Overture has
been voted the most popular piece
of classical music for the first time
in the Classic FM Hall of Fame.
Rachmaninov’s Piano Concerto
No 2 remains in second place.
Ralph Vaughan Williams’ The Lark
Ascending is in third place. More
than 120,000 votes were cast.
3
Letter from
the Editor
i@inews.co.uk
Some of the best ideas to improve
our health are stunningly simple.
A decade ago, Britain’s surgeons
introduced aircraft-style safety
checklists which improved safety
and saved thousands of lives at
almost no cost. Is this the right limb
to operate on? Have we retrieved
all swabs from the patient’s body?
Today we learn of another:
a simple way to diagnose
cancers much earlier. In 10 trial
areas around England, GPs
will refer patients with “vague”
but concerning symptoms to
a “one-stop shop”clinic where
medics will test them for multiple
cancers at once, with quick results.
This avoids the current “ping-pong”
system which can trap you for
months, with lethal implications,
as GPs and hospitals try to
discover the cause of an illness.
Many of us know someone who
would have benefited.
Perhaps the biggest hurdle to
this being rolled out across the
UK is a shortage of diagnostic
specialists. Your life and mine
may depend on it. See page 4.
****
I’m just back from a week’s holiday
on the Hartland peninsula, that
stunning, wild outcrop on the north
Devon coast, a pebble’s throw from
Cornwall. Thanks to our extended
winter, surfing is even colder now
than it was two months ago.
Easter Monday’s snow and
torrential rain brought to mind the
wheeze by one Ecuadorian newspaper during their rainy season.
In 2014, Extra created the “newspaper umbrella”, a special edition
with a plastic film on the cover,
rendering the product readable
in every condition, and providing
priceless outdoor marketing in a
downpour. Sales increased.
Despite i’s record for innovation, we will not be repeating the
trick here. Bring on the sunshine.
4
NEWS
HEALTH
NHS opens new ‘one-stop shop’ to
spot cancers early and save lives
By Cahal Milmo
Thousands of cancer patients could
have their illness diagnosed more
quickly under a new system of “one­
stop shop” clinics being trialled in
Britain for the first time.
Ten hospital clinics in England
have been set up to test patients who
present to their GPs vague or non­
specific symptoms – such as weight
loss or fatigue – for multiple types of
cancer at the same time, to speed up
diagnosis and improve survival rates.
Two similar clinics are being trialled
in Wales.
Based on a system in Denmark,
the new joint initiative by the NHS
and major cancer charities is de­
signed to prevent patients “ping­
ponging” between hospitals and GP
surgeries until they receive the cor­
rect diagnosis.
One senior clinician told i that the
new system could have major advan­
tages over the existing NHS bench­
mark which imposes a deadline for
patients to see a specialist within two
weeks of referral.
The UK lags behind comparable
countries in diagnosis and treatment
of many cancers. While improve­
ments have been made – five­year
survival for breast cancer now stands
at 86 per cent – early diagnosis has
been identified as a key area where
Britain should do better.
Patients using the 10 new clinics
could now receive a diagnosis – or
be given the all­clear – in as little as
a day for cancers such as those of the
bowel or pancreas that can present a
range of symptoms (sweating, appe­
tite loss) which are also found in other
illnesses. In nearly all cases, patients
are expected to receive a final result
within two weeks and start any re­
quired treatment within 31 days.
Sara Bainbridge, policy manager
for Cancer Research UK, one of the
two charities working with NHS Eng­
land on the project, said: “In some
cases, there are very obvious warn­
ings of cancer. But there are other
symptoms which are much less spe­
cific and a GP may not know which
cancer to test for. The aim of the one­
SCIENCE
The one-stop clinics
The 10 trial centres are at: North
Middlesex University Hospital,
University College London
Hospital, Southend University
Hospital, Queen’s Hospital, Royal
Free Hospital, St James’s University Hospital, Airedale General
Hospital, University Hospital
South Manchester, Royal Oldham
Hospital, Churchill Hospital.
stop shops is that instead of ping­
ponging between the GP and hospital
while different tests are carried out,
a multi­disciplinary team will be able
to carry out a range of tests. In this
way we will reach an earlier diagno­
sis, which in turn can make a huge
difference to survival rates.”
The trial is being carried at hospi­
tals serving populations from Lon­
don and Greater Manchester to West
Yorkshire (see panel above) and will
be assessed at the end of the year.
The scheme could then be rolled out
across the NHS.
The results of a study of
71 countries published
in January showed that Britain
remains in the bottom half of the
league table of survival rates for
many cancers compared with
other Western nations.
Patients who have
‘vague’ symptoms
will be tested for
multiple types
of cancer GETTY
Analysis
Pooling expertise should
improve rates of survival
Cahal Milmo
C
linicians have long
emphasised the
importance of early
diagnosis in tackling
cancer and improving rates of
survival from the biggest killer
disease in the UK.
If a patient’s bowel cancer is
caught while it remains in that
organ then he or she has a 90 per
cent chance of surviving for five
years. But if a diagnosis comes
later and a tumour has spread
Lead author Dr Diego Rada
Fernandez de Jauregui, of Leeds
University, said: “The impact of
different types of red meat and
dietary patterns on cancer locations
is one of the biggest challenges in the
women were diagnosed with colo­ study of diet and colorectal cancers.
rectal cancer, and of the 335
“Our research is one of
diagnosed with colon can­
the few studies looking
cers, 119 instances were
at this relationship and
of distal colon cancer.
while further analy­
The
s t u d y,
sis in a larger study
published in the
is needed, it could
International Journal
provide valuable in­
of Cancer, fo u n d
formation for those
The age after which
a “significantly
with
family history
colorectal cancer is
most common
protective” benefit
of colorectal cancer
to eating a vegetarian
and those working
or fish diet, but did not
on prevention.”
find the same link between
The disease is most com­
eating red meat and rectal cancer.
mon in those aged over 50.
Women should eat less red
meat to avoid colon cancer
By Rachel Roberts
Eating less red meat could help
women avoid colon cancer, a
study suggests.
Researchers found women who
regularly ate red meat had higher
rates of distal colon cancer – the
third most common cancer among
UK women – compared to those who
consumed none.
The study followed more than
32,000 women with an average age
of 52 over an average period of 17
years. During the study, 462 of the
How it will work
Under the “one-stop shop” being
trialled, cancer patients will have
immediate access to a full range of
diagnostic tools used to detect and
evaluate the disease.
Depending on the symptoms
described by the patient, doctors
can order all or any of a list of tests,
ranging from an imaging procedure
such as a MRI scan or an endoscopy
to pathology testing such as a blood
sample or a biopsy.
A expected key advantage of the
new system is not only that these
tests can be carried out in as little
as a single day, rather than over
a period of weeks, but also that
doctors across different specialities
will be able to pool knowledge to
make a rapid diagnosis.
NHS England has said it expects
nearly all patients referred to the
clinic with non-specific or “vague”
symptoms that could be indicators
of cancer will have a full result
within a fortnight of being seen.
Those with symptoms that point
more definitively towards a specific
cancer, for example a lump in a
breast, will still be referred directly
to specialist clinics for that cancer.
Another advantage is that
clinicians will be able to consult
colleagues in non-cancer specialisms
about unusual symptoms.
Cahal Milmo
50
to other organs then that figure
drops to just 10 per cent.
That is why British cancer
specialists have placed a renewed
emphasis on ways to spot and
treat patients for cancer when
the signs of their disease might
be easily confused with other less
serious conditions.
When Denmark identified
a similar problem it came
up with a system of pooling
cancer expertise in specialist
diagnostic centres, which
removes from GPs the burden
of narrowing down symptoms
shown by patients to a particular
condition, including cancer.
As Dr Helena Rolfe, a GP from
Airedale, West Yorkshire, puts it:
“If patients have symptoms like
weight loss or feeling very tired,
we worry because there must
be a reason they’re not feeling
well – but there isn’t an urgent
specialist that deals with these
kinds of symptoms.”
The system being trialled in
10 English hospitals is designed
to provide that expertise along
with diagnostic tests to pinpoint
cancers. The new initiative offers
the prospect of significantly
improved and co-ordinated
care – though questions remain
about whether factors such as a
shortage of diagnostic specialists
could allow a quick roll-out
across the NHS.
HEALTH
500 cancer operations cancelled
By Ella Pickover
NHS trusts in England were forced
to cancel hundreds of cancer opera­
tions throughout the winter, accord­
ing to a survey of trusts.
A poll of 81 acute NHS trusts found
that 43 had cancelled at least one
cancer operation between December
and February, according to a survey
by the Health Service Journal (HSJ).
Hospitals in England were told to
delay pre­planned operations and
routine outpatient appointments
throughout January due to severe
winter pressures. But NHS England
said cancer operations and time­
critical procedures should go ahead
as planned.
However, HSJ found that across
those 43 trusts 530 operations were
cancelled, and this figure included
some diagnostic procedures such
as biopsies.
Macmillan Cancer Support’s
Fran Woodard told HSJ: “A delay
could mean that the cancer not only
progresses in that time but that the
chances of survival are also affected.”
An NHS England spokeswoman
said: “Despite all the pressures from
flu and norovirus, NHS hospitals
treated 2,615 more cancer patients
this January than last January.”
NEWS
2-27
VOICES
14-18
TV
28-29
IQ
30-39
BUSINESS SPORT
40-41
47-56
i TUESDAY
3 APRIL 2018
5
WEATHER
The women’s race at the annual World Coal Carrying Championships in the
village of Gawthorpe, near Wakefield, yesterday (left); lambs at Allendale in
Northumberland (above); Overwater, Cumbria (below); Killhope Lead Mining
Museum near Cowshill, County Durham (bottom) AFP/GETTY/PA
Millions struggle home
after wintry Easter break
By Alina Polianskaya
Heavy rain and snow brought the
Easter weekend to a close by causing disruption for millions of motorists returning from bank holiday
celebrations.
Up to 10cm of snow blanketed
areas of north England, north Wales
and Scotland, while rain lashed the
south, bringing flood alerts and flood
warnings across the UK.
As the week continues, southern areas will see temperatures of
around 14°C, but northern areas will
stay much colder. A yellow weather
warning for snow will remain in
place in parts of Scotland for today
and tomorrow and a rain warning for Northern Ireland lasts until
9am today.
Five weather warnings for snow
or rain covered much of the country
yesterday as temperatures hovered a
few degrees above freezing in north-
ern areas. Snow fell across parts of
the Peak District, the Pennines and
the north of England, with up to
15cm forecast across higher ground.
Derbyshire and South Yorkshire
were among the worst affected areas,
with a number of roads closed due to
snow.
Forecasters warned of possible
power cuts, travel delays and risky
conditions on the roads in areas covered by warnings, as people headed
home after the Easter break.
There were concerns about some
rural communities being cut off,
particularly around the northern
There were 206 flood
alerts yesterday and 23
flood warnings across the UK,
according to the Met Office, with
more than 40mm of rain falling
in some areas.
Pennines and Scottish Borders.
It was a washout weekend for
many in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, with localised flooding
hitting some areas. Many sporting
fixtures had to be abandoned due to
icy pitches and poor conditions.
Train services were also disrupted,
as a combination of bad weather and
planned engineering works made
getting around challenging.
Helen Roberts, a meteorologist at
the Met Office, said: “Where there
are weather warnings in place, we
would advise people to take care on
the roads, leave extra time for their
journeys and keep up to date with the
latest warnings and forecasts.”
More unsettled weather is expected as people head back to work today.
Ms Roberts said: “We have a band of
rain, sleet and snow that is edging
its way northwards, predominantly
affecting Northern Ireland and Scotland tomorrow.”
News in brief
SCOTLAND
ACCIDENT
D-Day practice shell
detonated on beach
Two men die after car
on wrong side of M62
Pheasant may fly
off the shelves
Shoppers trapped in
Missing man’s car
Ikea car park for hours found by road
CONSUMER
PEOPLE
A Second World War explosive
hidden on a Scottish beach since
rehearsals for the D-Day landings
has been blown up.
A Navy bomb disposal team
detonated the shell on a beach in
Nairn, Moray, last week.
The explosive was found by the
town’s coastguard search and
rescue team during a survey of the
beach on Wednesday.
Bomb disposal experts from the
Clyde naval base were sent north
to safely dispatch the decades-old
shell. It dated from D-Day practice
runs around the Moray coast.
Two men have died in a collision
after a car was driven on the
wrong side of the motorway, West
Yorkshire Police said.
Officers were called at around
2.34am yesterday to reports of a
vehicle driving eastbound on the
westbound carriageway of the
M62 near to Huddersfield, and
later to reports of a crash. Two
men, aged 34 and 37, in one of the
vehicles died at the scene. A man,
22, believed to be the driver of
the second vehicle, was arrested
for causing death by dangerous
driving,and failed a breath test.
Game meat ready meals
could soon be found in
British supermarkets
as supporters of a new
marketing initiative
hope to make pheasant
(inset) and quail more accessible to
the public.
The British Game Alliance, set
to launch later this month, wants
game to become commonplace
and suggests it is a sustainable and
ethical alternative to traditional
meats. The group hopes to change
the widespread perception that
game meat is “posh”.
Furious shoppers were left
trapped in an Ikea multi-storey
car park for almost two hours.
The closure of one level of
the 1,000-space car park at the
Reading store prompted huge
delays for customers. The firm
urged shoppers to use public
transport to visit the store during
April or to shop online.
But those who ignored
the advice found themselves
spending Easter Monday in a
traffic jam. Motorists reported
being delayed as they tried to
leave the Berkshire outlet.
A car belonging to a missing man
has been found at the side of the
road in the Highlands. Jordan
Holding, 29, was reported missing
from the Nairn area on Monday.
He was last seen in the town
centre in the early hours of
yesterday morning. Police later
found his car at the side of the
A96 shortly before the turn-off for
Auldearn.
Inspector Mike Middlehurst said:
“It is believed that Jordan’s vehicle
left the road. We are asking that
anyone who saw him or his vehicle
to contact police.”
FOOD
6
NEWS
POLITICS
POLITICS
Momentum says Labour
has anti-Semitism problem
This issue is being used to
attack leader, says Pound
By Andrew Woodcock
Accusations of anti-Semitism are
being used by some people as a
means to attack Jeremy Corbyn, a
veteran Labour frontbencher has said.
Shadow Northern
Ireland minister
Stephen Pound insisted that Labour is not
an anti-Semitic party,
but acknowledged
that it has a problem
which will cost it votes
in some areas in May’s
council elections.
Mr Pound (inset) told BBC Radio
4’s Westminster Hour that the party
should deal with any allegations in
its own way, rather than expelling
members instantly.
His comments came as fellow
frontbencher Liam Byrne warned
Anti-Semitism is more widespread
within the Labour Party than was
thought and complaints cannot be
dismissed as right-wing smears, the
Momemtum movement, which backs
Jeremy Corbyn, has said.
Momentum’s national coordinating
group (NCG) released a statement
acknowledging the anger of Britain’s
Jewish community at the “numerous” cases of anti-Semitism within
Labour and the party’s failure to deal
with them “in a sufficiently decisive,
swift and transparent manner”.
The group said Momentum was
bringing in outside organisations to
run awareness training on the issue.
The move came as a Jewish member of Labour’s ruling National Executive Committee (NEC), Rhea
Wolfson, said she was frustrated at
the pace of action on anti-Semitism.
Mr Corbyn is facing demands to
speed up the investigations into a
backlog of around 70 complaints of
anti-Semitism, including one against
Ken Livingstone.
Labour has moved to distance itself from a series of pro-Corbyn social
media groups after a Sunday Times
investigation showed they contained
hundreds of abusive messages.
Mr Corbyn deleted his own personal Facebook page.
The NCG, which agreed the Mo-
‘Frustrated’:
Rhea Wolfson
of Labour’s
ruling National
Executive
Committee
mentum statement, includes Christine Shawcroft, who quit Labour’s
disputes panel and the NEC amid
criticism of her opposition to the
suspension of a council candidate accused of Holocaust denial.
The statement said: “Accusations
of anti-Semitism should not and
cannot be dismissed simply as rightwing smears, nor as the result of
conspiracies.
“Current examples of antiSemitism within the Labour Party
are not only a problem of a few extreme ‘bad apples’ but also of unconscious bias which manifests itself in
varied, nuanced and subtle ways, and
is more widespread in the Labour
Party than many of us had understood even a few months ago.”
While Mr Corbyn’s opponents
were “opportunistically using this
issue as a way to undermine his leadership”, this did not reduce the need
to challenge anti-Semitism, the statement said.
Momentum will
review its constitution
and complaints procedures
to ensure they “stamp out”
anti-Semitism.
LABOUR
Candidate dropped after Holocaust post
By Jane Clinton
The Labour Party has dropped a
candidate accused of sharing posts
on social media urging followers to
“question the Holocaust”. Roy Smart
had been due to stand in Tunbridge
Wells in next month’s local elections.
Labour took action after a number
of Facebook posts were brought to
its attention, the BBC reported last
night. Mr Smart has been suspended
pending an investigation.
Among Facebook posts Mr Smart
allegedly shared is one from 2015
which asks people to “question the
Holocaust”, adding “the truth doesn’t
need laws to protect it”.
A Labour Party spokesperson
said: “Anti-semitism has absolutely
no place in the party, and we are committed to campaigning against it.”
Mr Smart has not responded to requests for a comment.
By Andrew Woodcock
there was “real alarm” at the scale
of the problem within Labour.
The party has moved to distance
itself from a series of pro-Corbyn
social media groups after an investigation by The Sunday Times
found they contained
hundreds of violent and
abusive messages.
Mr Pound said:
“The Labour Party
is not the enemy of
Judaism.
“I think the Labour
Party without a doubt
has a problem, but on the
other hand there are some
people who are riding that horse
to attack Jeremy Corbyn anyway.”
Asked whether Mr Corbyn’s opponents were using anti-Semitism
as a stick to beat the Labour leader,
the Ealing North MP said: “A small
number of them are.”
POLITICS
Corbyn comrades being
‘thrown to the wolves’
By Jane Corbin
A group called Labour Against
the Witch-hunt (LAW) has issued
an open letter to Jeremy Corbyn,
claiming that accusations of antiSemitism are being used by the
media, Israel backers and the right
of the party to undermine him.
The group said more than 2,500
people have signed the online letter, which states: “What we are
seeing is a cynical alliance between
those who wish to deflect criticism
of Israel and Zionism, and the right
wing in the Labour Party and the
news media, who oppose your
wider politics.
“They are thereby undermining
genuine anti-racism and opposition
to anti-Semitism. Their real target
is you, because they oppose both
your record of internationalism, in
particular your lifelong support for
the rights of the Palestinians.”
Insisting that the signatories
are “firm opponents of all forms
of racism, fascism, anti-Semitism,
Islamophobia and all other kinds
of oppression”, the letter said that
many “good Corbyn-supporting
comrades” had been “thrown to
the wolves of the Tory party and
their supporters in the mainstream media” because of allegations of anti-Semitism.
The letter was signed by LAW
chair and former vice-chair of
the Corbyn-backing Momentum
movement, Jackie Walker, as well
as the chair of Free Speech on Israel, Mike Cushman.
NEWS
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28-29
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30-39
BUSINESS SPORT
40-41
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i TUESDAY
3 APRIL 2018
CRIME
7
DIPLOMACY
Russia claims that UK poisoned
Skripal to distract from Brexit talks
Bolton ‘not
sold’ on Kim’s
plan for talks
By Lizzie Dearden
By Jeremy B White
The Russian foreign minister has
suggested Britain may have poisoned its former agent Sergei Skripal as the Kremlin continues to deny
involvement.
Sergei Lavrov told a press conference there were “other explanations” over who may have targeted
the former Russian double agent in
Salisbury.
“Experts tell us that it may well be
beneficial to the British special services, who are known for their ability
to act with licence to kill,” he said.
“[The nerve agent attack] could be
beneficial to the British government,
which has found itself in a difficult
situation, unable to fulfil promises
they made about [the conditions
of] Brexit.”
The UK accused Vladimir Putin’s government of culpability after
identifying the nerve agent used as
Soviet-developed Novichok.
Theresa May said Russia had failed
to explain how it could have lost control of the weapon, meaning it must
have been involved in the attack itself
– an accusation the Kremlin denies.
The Kremlin has reacted angrily
Traces of nerve agent
have been found at sites
visited by the pair in Salisbury,
investigators said, but at “lower
concentrations to that found at
the home address”, where it was
found on the front door.
The police
cordon at the
entrance to
Mr Skripal’s
road PA
to the expulsion of Russian diplomats
by Britain and its allies, starting titfor-tat expulsions.
“It’s too obvious that our British
colleagues are playing a game – we
will insist on clarifying all facts and es-
tablishing the truth,” Mr Lavrov said.
“Our Western partners have forgotten about good manners and
have resorted to outright lies and
misinformation.”
Independent investigators from
the Organisation for the Prohibition
of Chemical Weapons are working to
verify the UK’s analysis of the substance used against Mr Skripal and
his daughter.
They both remain in hospital,
where the 66-year-old former spy remains in a critical condition but Ms
Skripal, 33, has regained consciousness and is “improving rapidly”.
Mr Skripal moved to Salisbury
after being handed over in a spy
swap in 2010, having been jailed for
treason in Russia for allegedly passing secrets to MI6 while a colonel in
the GRU military intelligence agency.
Experts at the Defence, Science
and Technology Laboratory at Porton
Down identified the nerve agent used
against the Skripals as part of the Soviet-developed Novichok group.
THE INDEPENDENT
REACTION
Corbyn tells Lavrov to keep quiet and wait for investigation
By Andrew Woodcock
The Foreign Office declined to comment on Russia’s latest comments
about the poisoning of Sergei Skripal
and his daughter Yulia. It is understood that the Government does not
want to add fuel to what it believes are
attempts by the Russians to sow disinformation in order to deflect blame.
Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn told
Channel 4 News, however: “The poisoning of the Skripals was an appalling, illegal, criminal act. An attempt
to kill them.
“The identity of the poison has
been traced back to that of Russian
manufacture. The point I made in the
House of Commons was there must
be a full investigation into who did
it, the source of it, and the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical
Weapons has got to have its chance
to investigate – which it’s doing now –
and that may well identify where the
particular poison was manufactured.
“We cannot tolerate this in our
country. And I suggest to Mr Lavrov, perhaps he should just hold on
a minute. The investigation is being
undertaken and it will identify, I hope,
where it came from and who did it.”
are available to Britain to neutralise
nerve agents.
that France is intimately involved in
the UK investigation. When i asked
Russia’s London embassy for the basis
of these questions, it pointed only to
its list of queries. French officials did
not immediately respond. Given that
Paris is a close military ally, it would
hardly be earth-shattering if Britain
had asked for assistance. A possible
explanation is that the OPCW team
investigating the attack has at least
one French member and Moscow is
looking to discredit its work.
Russia’s response A barrage of questions
It could be described as diplomacy –
or propaganda – by question. In the
wake of the Salisbury poisonings,
Russia has published a total of 55
questions it says must be answered
by Britain and others as it continues
to deny involvement in the attack
on Sergei and Yulia Skripal (inset).
They range from the plausible –
such as a request for the identity of
the antidotes administered to the
Skripals – to the raising of obscure
clauses within the procedural rules of
the Organisation for the Prohibition
of Chemical Weapons.
British officials have accused
Moscow of waging a campaign of
disinformation over the nerve-agent
attack to obscure its own culpability.
Here, i looks at some of the
questions, the motivation behind
them and, where known, the answers.
n “Why has Russia been denied
consular access to the two Russian
nationals, Sergei and Yulia Skripal?”
Moscow wishes to be seen as acting
responsibly in the face of united
condemnation from the West over
its role in the poisoning. One element
of this strategy is being seen to look
after the interests of its citizens (even
though Sergei Skripal, a former MI6
agent, is in fact a British passport
holder). In London, the Foreign Office
has been considering the request
in line with international
obligations and the “rights
and wishes” of Yulia. For
obvious reasons, granting
access to Russian officials
as representatives of
the government that
Britain holds responsible
for the attack could
be problematic.
n “What specific antidotes were
administered to Mr and Ms Skripal,
and in which form?”
On the face of it, this is a reasonable
request. Nerve agents are normally
treated by the administration of two
well-known antidotes – atropine and
pralidoxime. But the use of Novichok,
developed by the Soviet Union with
attributes that included resistance
to traditional antidotes, gives the
question an added edge. Russia may
want to find out what additional tools
n “How were those antidotes
available for the medical staff on the
site of the incident?”
To date, either the Russian
authorities or state-owned
Russian media have put
forward 24 separate
theories deflecting
blame from Moscow and
attributing the poisoning
variously to America,
Ukraine and the mother
of Ms Skripal’s boyfriend.
One of those theories is that
the attack was staged by Britain’s
intelligence services. In reality,
medical staff did not know what they
were dealing with for several hours
and nerve agent antidotes have been
routinely stockpiled in hospitals in
preparation for a terror attack.
n “How is France relevant to the
incident with two Russian nationals
in the UK?”
A new element to Moscow’s
questioning has been the suggestion
n “Does the UK possess reference
samples of the military-grade
poisonous substance that British
representatives identify as
‘Novichok’?”
Another theory from Moscow is that
the Ministry of Defence laboratory
at Porton Down, close to Salisbury,
was the source of the nerve agent.
The nature of the laboratory’s work
includes the ability to identify nerve
agents, but this does not necessarily
require a “live” sample of each
substance. The head of the laboratory
described Russian suggestions of a
security breach as “frustrating”.
IN SAN FRANCISCO
Donald Trump’s hawkish new
choice for national security adviser has cast doubt on upcoming
talks with North Korea, a Republican senator said.
“He has a very healthy scepticism of North Korea,” Lindsey
Graham, a South Carolina Republican, said of newly elevated
adviser John Bolton.
“I had dinner with Bolton a
couple of nights ago.
His big fear is that
they’re just buying time,” Mr
Graham said.
Mr Bolton’s
ascent coincides with a
rare diplomatic
window offering
glimmers of a breakthrough on the issue of
North Korea’s nuclear capability.
Mr Trump has agreed to North
Korean leader Kim Jong-un’s
proposal that the two meet faceto-face, a move that has fanned
hopes of a resolution to mounting
tensions on the Korean peninsula.
The United States has continued to maintain pressure on the
regime, backing new sanctions
on companies accused of doing
business with Pyongyang and this
weekend joining South Korean
troops in holding military exercises. THE INDEPENDENT
ENVIRONMENT
Britain plans
‘toughest’ ban
on ivory sales
By Georgina Stubbs
A British ban on ivory sales will
be one of the toughest in the world
in a bid to protect elephants for
future generations, Environment
Secretary Michael Gove has said.
The robust measures will be
brought into force through primary legislation and will cover ivory
items of all ages, not just those
produced after a certain date.
Government confirmation
comes in the wake of a consultation on the issue, in which 88
per cent of the 70,000 responses
backed a ban.
Mr Gove said: “Ivory should
never be seen as a commodity for
financial gain or a status symbol,
so we will introduce one of the
world’s toughest bans on ivory
sales to protect elephants for future generations.” Those breaching the ban face an unlimited fine
or up to five years in jail.
About 20,000 elephants a year
are slaughtered for their ivory.
8
NEWS
BREXIT
TRADE
Australia demands UK accept hormone beef
By Rachel Roberts
Australia is ready to strike a symbolic early Brexit trade deal – with
the condition that the UK accepts
its hormone-treated beef.
In return for the deal, reported to
have been informally thrashed out
over the past 18 months, the UK will
be told it must scrap an EU ban on
the sale of meat from cattle treated
with growth hormones – in a move
certain to worry food standards
agencies and health campaigners.
Following a media row last year,
the Government ruled out allowing the import of chlorine-washed
chicken from the United States on
animal welfare grounds, but is yet
to make any comment on hormonetreated beef.
Hormone use has been banned
by the EU since 1981, with Brussels
claiming that at least one of the hor-
mones used is carcinogenic. They
are used to intensively fatten the
cows for market, improving profit
margins for farmers.
The Australians dispute the
health risks and argue that it is a
protectionist measure for European farmers. International Trade
Secretary Liam Fox is reportedly
sympathetic to the Australian position, arguing that it will drive down
the price of meat for consumers.
American imports to China, many agricultural, face tariffs of up to 25 per cent AP
World trade
war fears after
China retaliates
By Adam Lusher
Q&A
Donald Trump’s protectionist measures have sparked fears of an all-out
trade war after China retaliated by
imposing tariffs of up to 25 per cent
on 128 US imports worth a total of
£2.1bn a year.
Hours before US stock markets
opened yesterday, the Chinese began
enforcing the new tariffs on American imports including pork and
scrap aluminium.
The possibility of a full-on trade
war was also signalled by an editorial in the Global Times, published by
the Chinese Communist Party, which
stated: “Even though China and the
US have not publicly said they are in
a trade war, the sparks of such a war
have already started to fly.”
The editorial, published hours
after the tariff increases were announced on Sunday, added that if
the US had thought China would
not retaliate or would only take
symbolic counter-measures, it could
Trade tariffs
Some of the 128 American products
tariffed by China:
25% on frozen pork
25% on scrap aluminium
15% on apples
15% on almonds
15% on ginseng
15% on cherries
15% on pistachios
15% on berries
15% on American wine
15% on rolled steel bars
China’s retaliation comes
11 days after Mr Trump
unveiled a plan to impose up
to £42bn in new tariffs on
Chinese goods.
now “say goodbye to that delusion”.
“American politicians better realise
that China would never submit if the
US launched a trade war,” the editorial stated.
Many of the tariffed goods are produced on American farms, raising
the possibility that farming areas,
many of which voted for Trump in
the 2016 presidential election, will
be hit hardest by the Chinese retaliation. US farmers sent nearly £14bn
of goods to China in 2017, and the
American pork industry sent $1.1bn
in products, making the Far East nation the world’s third-largest market
for US pork.
China also made clear that it was
retaliating against Mr Trump’s order
to impose a 25 per cent tariff on steel
imports and a 10 per cent tariff on
aluminium imports from 23 March.
Mr Trump has often accused
China of stealing American jobs
through unfair trade practices, and
as he signed the tariff order he said
he was fulfilling a campaign promise to the US steelworkers who had
voted for him.
Foreign leaders, however, warned
that he risked starting a trade war,
and China and the EU both said
they would retaliate with their
own import taxes against the US.
THE INDEPENDENT
NEWS
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SPORT
Athletes questioned after cleaner
finds syringes on eve of Games
By Nick Mulvenney
IN SYDNEY
The coach of India’s men’s boxing
team at the Commonwealth Games
has denied that doping has taken
place, after a cleaner found syringes
in the athletes’ village.
Games organisers summoned officials from a team that they declined
to name over a breach of the “noneedle” anti-doping policy, to explain
the presence of discarded syringes.
The Indian boxing coach said that
one of his athletes had used a needle,
but that it was only a vitamin injection. The needles, which are banned
without specific medical exemptions, were discovered in a plastic
bottle, prompting an investigation
by the Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority.
“I’m confident that our boxers
The 21st Commonwealth
Games, contested by
teams from 71 nations and
territories, begins tomorrow and
will run until Sunday 15 April.
[have] not taken anything,” India’s
boxing high-performance director
Santiago Nieva told Australia’s 7
News. “We had one boxer who didn’t
feel very well and [a] doctor has
given him an injection.”
Mr Nieva called it a “vitamin
substance”. He said his boxers had
undergone doping tests since the
syringes were discovered, and his
team now understood the strictness
of the no-needles policy.
The Commonwealth Games chief
David Grevemberg said: “There
has been a clear breach to the noneedle policy and a CGA [Commonwealth Games Association] has
been summoned to meet with the
medical commission as part of our
investigation.
“These needles have been brought
in and there was no approval for
them to be there.”
The Commonwealth Games
Federation’s medical commission
concluded its investigation and a
hearing will take place. Mr Grevemberg did not identify which team was
involved, and there was no official
announcement from games officials
yesterday evening. REUTERS
Aboriginal welcome for boxers
British boxer Cheavon Clarke
dances with an Aboriginal elder
during the welcome ceremony at
the athletes’ village, ahead of the
Commonwealth Games in the Gold
Coast, Australia. PA
i TUESDAY
3 APRIL 2018
9
GERMANY
World finally gets
its first sausage
dog museum
By Oz Katerji
A museum dedicated to the
“sausage dog” is to opens in the
southern German city of Passau.
The world’s first daschund
museum, built to honour the
famous short-legged,
long-bodied dog better known
by its meaty nickname, will
show more than 2,000 exhibits,
including daschund-shaped
bread and a giant golden
daschund statue.
Two daschund owners gave up
their jobs as florists to open the
museum in Bavaria, which they
say is the world’s first devoted to
the “dackel”.
They began curating the
exhibits three months ago.
“The world needs a sausage
dog museum... No other dog in
the world enjoys the same kind
of recognition or popularity
as the symbol of Bavaria, the
sausage dog,” said founder
Seppi Kueblbeck.
Prominent dackel fans have
included artist Pablo Picasso,
actor Marlon Brando and scientist
Albert Einstein.
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10
NEWS
WINNIE MANDELA 1936-2018
SOUTH AFRICA
Winnie Mandela, symbol of the
By Jane Clinton and Henry Austin
Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, who
with her husband Nelson was at the
forefront of the decades-long struggle against apartheid in South Africa,
has died at the age of 81.
Along with Mr Mandela,
who became the country’s
first black president, she
became synonymous
with the anti-apartheid
movement, taking up
a prominent role when
her husband was sentenced to life imprisonment for treason in 1964.
Victor Dlamini, a
spokesman for the family, said Ms Madikizela-Mandela,
who had been ill for some time and
suffered from a kidney ailment, “succumbed peacefully in the early hours
of Monday afternoon surrounded by
her family and loved ones”.
“Her activism and resistance to
Apartheid landed her in jail on numerous occasions, eventually causing her banishment to the small town
of Brandfort in the then Orange Free
State,” he said. “She kept the memory of her imprisoned husband Nelson
Mandela alive during his years on
Robben Island and helped give the
struggle for justice in South Africa
one of its most recognisable faces.
She dedicated most of her adult life
to the cause of the people and
for this, she was known far
and wide as the Mother
of the Nation.”
The retired archbishop and Nobel laureate Desmond Tutu
called her “a defining
symbol of the struggle
against apartheid” and
commended her “courageous defiance”.
“She refused to be bowed by
the imprisonment of her husband,
the perpetual harassment of her
family by security forces, detentions,
bannings and banishment,” he said.
The African National Congress
(ANC) chairman Gwede Mantashe
said the death of “Mama Winnie”
marked the loss of an “icon”. “She
was one of those who would tell us
exactly what is wrong and right, and
State funeral confirmed for 14 April
Winnie Madikizela-Mandela will
receive a state funeral in just under
two weeks’ time‚ President Cyril
Ramaphosa said last night.
The funeral would take place on
14 April with a memorial on 11 April.
Speaking in Soweto, Mr Ramaphosa
expressed gratitude and thanks to
“many across the country and the
world who are wishing us well‚ who
are wishing her movement well”.
Last night, former Africa minister
Peter Hain described her as “tragic,
heroic and ultimately deeply flawed,
Winnie can be correctly criticised for
her rogue later life, but her courage
and radical spirit in adversity should
never be forgotten”.
MARRIAGE
A love match that ended in
infidelity and rancour
By Stephen Haines
Winnie Madikizela’s first date
with Nelson Mandela was lunch
at an Indian restaurant near his
law office. He was amused at her
inability to eat the spicy curry.
She sat silently, wearing an
uncomfortable borrowed suit she
hoped would make her look more
sophisticated than her 23 years, as
a slew of advice-seekers stopped to
chat with her well-known date, 16
years her elder. “Politicians are not
lovers,” she told the South African
television show Carte Blanche
in 1992, recollecting that first
day together.
Not a year after their first date,
Nelson showed Winnie the house
of a dressmaker and told her she
should get fitted. He asked how
many bridesmaids she would like to
have, Madikizela-Mandela recalled
in her autobiography.
“That’s how I was told I
was getting married to him!”
Madikizela-Mandela said. “I was
madly in love with him.”
When Nelson Mandela left prison
in 1990, Winnie was there, one hand
we are going to be missing that guidance,” he said.
Ms Madikizela-Mandela was born
in 1936 in Bizana in the Eastern Cape.
She trained as a social worker and
met Nelson Mandela in the 1950s.
The couple married in 1958 and had
two children.
She was jailed during her years of
activism but she would also become
a divisive and controversial figure.
In 1991, she was found guilty of kidnapping and sentenced to six years
in prison for her involvement in the
death of the 14-year-old militant,
Stompie Seipei. She denied involvement and her sentence was reduced
to a fine on appeal.
With Mr Mandela’s release from
prison in February 1990 after 27
years, the couple were reunited, but
their marriage broke down two years
later and the couple divorced in 1996.
After the county’s first democratic
election in 1994‚ Ms Madikizela-Mandela become deputy minister of arts
and culture, but she was later fired by
her husband after making an unauthorised trip to Ghana.
She would go on to lead the ANC’s
Women’s League and ran for deputy
president, but resigned from all leadership positions after being found
guilty in 2003 of fraud and theft in
connection to a bank scam.
However, she remained an MP
until her death and, in 2016‚ the
Order of Luthuli in Silver was bestowed on her, an award granted
by the South African President, for
her contribution to the fight for the
liberation of the nation’s people.
THE INDEPENDENT
CRIME
Personal gang
and rumours
of murder
By Stephen Haines
Nelson and Winnie Mandela in 1990,
the day after his release GETTY
in her husband’s, the other held aloft
in a fist. In 1992, Nelson announced
their separation. He was pained
but gracious.
Four years later, suing Winnie for
divorce, he was less generous. When
he emerged after 27 years in prison,
he said, the woman he once called
his “darling” had changed. She was
blatant in her infidelity, and cold.
“I was the loneliest man during the
time I stayed with her,” he said. THE
WASHINGTON POST
In the 1980s Winnie Mandela helped
to form the Mandela United Football
Club in Soweto. Instead of a sports
team, many neighbours viewed
Mandela United as MadikizelaMandela’s personal gang. Soon,
there were whispers of murders,
abductions and hit lists
Over new year, 1988-89, a
14-year-old named James Moeketsi
Seipei, or “Stompie”, disappeared
from her house. Although she denied
involvement, others later testified
that she ordered – and even took
part in – the murder of the teenager.
After her husband’s release from
prison she was soon charged in
connection with Stompie’s murder.
Although witnesses disappeared,
she was convicted of kidnapping and
being an accessory to assault.
She never went to jail for the
Stompie case. She appealed, and
in June 1993 the court upheld
her kidnapping conviction but
overturned the accessory to assault
conviction. WASHINGTON POST
A turbulent life
1935 Born in Mbongweni, Bizana,
Pondoland, the fourth of eight
children, to teachers.
1956 After obtaining a
degree in social work, Winnie
Mandela becomes the first
qualified black social worker at
Baragwanath Hospital.
1957 First meets Nelson Mandela
at a Soweto bus stop. They were
married a year later and had two
daughters, Zenani (1958) and
Zindziwa (1960).
1962 Nelson Mandela is arrested.
He is later sentenced to life in
prison in 1964 at the conclusion of
the Rivonia Trial.
1969 Winnie is detained under
South Africa’s Terrorism Act and
placed in solitary confinement for
17 months.
1976 During the youth uprisings,
she establishes the Black
Women’s Federation and Black
Parents’ Association.
1990 Nelson Mandela is released
NEWS
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11
struggle against apartheid, dies
Flawed figure who helped
keep alive fight for freedom
‘Mother of nation’ was polarising
figure. By Stephen Haines
W
Above: Nelson
Mandela is
joined by his
wife, Winnie,
upon his release
from prison in
1990; (far left) in
Johannesburg in
2017; announcing
a huge concert for
Nelson Mandela’s
70th birthday
in 1988 AP; AFP/
GETTY; REUTERS
from prison, with Winnie by his side.
1991 Elected to the ANC’s National
Executive Committee (NEC) after
its ban was lifted.
1991 Found guilty of kidnapping
youth activist Stompie Seipei
and sentenced to six years in jail
(reduced to a fine on appeal).
1992 Elected president of the ANC
Women’s League.
1992 Winnie Mandela and Nelson
Mandela separate.
1994 Appointed deputy minister of
arts, culture, science & technology,
but is dismissed the following
year by President Mandela over
corruption allegations.
1996 Her divorce from Nelson
Mandela is finalised.
2003 Found guilty of 43 counts of
fraud and 25 of theft. The Pretoria
Supreme Court overturns her theft
conviction, but upholds the fraud
charge, handing her a three-and-ahalf-year suspended sentence.
2007 Elected a member of the ANC’s
innie MadikizelaMandela, the former
wife of Nelson
Mandela, was for
decades one of
South Africa’s most prominent and
polarising figures.
At the time of her death, long after
her divorce from the country’s first
democratically elected president,
Madikizela-Mandela was still
called the “Mother of the Nation”.
She was beautiful and violent. Her
bravery under the brutal apartheid
regime won her lasting respect and
adulation; allegations that she was
the kingpin of a deadly vigilante
group during the 1980s earned her
fear and mistrust.
Fraud convictions,
insubordination and allegations of
crimes from corruption to murder
all seemed, at different points, to
spell her downfall. Yet MadikizelaMandela always rebounded. “I
learnt to deal with the police, to be
tough, to survive,” she told a crowd
in 1996.
Nomzamo Winifred Zanyiwe
Madikizela was born in a remote,
beautiful swathe of South Africa
called Pondoland in 1936. Her father,
Columbus, was a schoolteacher,
and although he appreciated
missionaries, he taught local
children a different type of history.
“We had our textbooks, naturally
written by white men, and they had
their interpretation,” MadikizelaMandela wrote in her 1984
autobiography, Part of My Soul Went
With Him. “Then [Columbus] would
put the textbook aside and say: ‘Now,
this is what the book says, but the
truth is: these white people invaded
our country and stole the land from
our grandfathers’.”
Soon after Madikizela-Mandela
obtained her social work degree
from the Jan Hofmeyr School in
Johannesburg, she met Nelson
Mandela. And then she became
immersed in the resistance that
would define modern-day South
Africa. The 1960 Sharpeville
massacre, in which police killed
dozens of unarmed protesters,
focused the world’s attention on
South Africa – and on the Mandelas.
At the time, Nelson Mandela was
one of the defendants in what would
become known as the “treason trial”.
Nelson Mandela, who was not
incarcerated during most of the trial,
was intimately involved in organising
the group’s defence against
allegations that it had plotted a
violent overthrow of the government.
Although he had nothing to do with
the violence at Sharpeville, Nelson
Mandela was taken into custody
soon after the massacre. Winnie
became his spokeswoman. Her role
within the ANC began to shift from
spouse to leader.
Although Nelson Mandela was
found not guilty in 1961, he went
into hiding soon thereafter. After
he was captured and recharged,
Winnie made front-page news when
she arrived at her husband’s trial in
traditional Tembu dress.
After he was sentenced to life in
prison, she showed a brave face to the
world, telling the BBC in a soft voice
that she was relieved that her husband,
the father of her two daughters, had
not been sentenced to die.
Over the next years she would be
arrested, harassed and “banned” –
forbidden from most social contact.
Beginning in 1969, she spent 18
months in solitary confinement.
She was interrogated without
a break. She was forced to sit
upright, for days and nights, to
the point that her body swelled
and she blacked out. Yet as
the state increasingly isolated
her, her international profile
grew. Less publicised was her
alleged increased drinking and
extramarital relationships, or the
questions about what she did with
all those international donations
to her social welfare programmes
in Brandfort.
The ANC needed her, but also
struggled to control her. When
a defiant Madikizela-Mandela
returned to Soweto in 1985, it was a
far more violent place than she had
left, crawling with gangs and police
brutality. Her rhetoric fitted right in.
“We have no guns – we have only
stones, boxes of matches and petrol,”
she said at a rally in 1986. “Together,
hand in hand, with our boxes of
matches and our necklaces, we shall
liberate this country.”
“Necklacing” was a method of
killing, often used against suspected
police informants, in which a
gasoline-soaked tyre was forced
around someone’s body and then set
alight. The speech caused an outcry.
The same year, she helped form
the Mandela United Football Club
and rumours of murders, abductions
followed (see our article below left).
In 1998, the country’s Truth
and Reconciliation Commission,
chaired by Archbishop Desmond
Tutu, condemned her for human
rights violations after evidence from
30 witnesses.
But her followers – and her party
– seemed to forgive, or ignore, these
alleged trespasses.
She headed the ANC’s Women’s
League and ran for deputy
president, but resigned from all
leadership positions after being
found guilty in 2003 of fraud and
theft in connection to a bank scam.
The country’s youth continued to
call her their hero, and officials said
the ANC would “never turn its back
on Winnie”. THE WASHINGTON POST
In her own words
On the patriarchy
“The overwhelming majority of
women accept the patriarchy and
protect it. Traditionally, the violated
wife offloads her aggression on to the
daughter-in-law. Men dominate
women through the agency of
women themselves.”
On the ANC
“I believe something is
very wrong with the
history of our country,
and how we have
messed up the African
National Congress.”
On apartheid
“There is nothing the apartheid
government has not done to me.
There isn’t any pain I haven’t known.”
“It was in the townships where we
shed so much blood. Nothing could
have been achieved without the
sacrifice of the people. Black people.”
“I am a product of the masses. I am
the product of my enemy”.
On her imprisonment
The years of imprisonment hardened
me.... Perhaps if you have been given a
moment to hold back and wait for the
next blow, your emotions wouldn’t be
blunted as they have been in my
case. When it happens every
day of your life, when that
pain becomes a way of
life, I no longer have the
emotion of fear.
On her love for Nelson
Mandela
“I had so little time to
love him. And that love
has survived all these years
of separation … Perhaps if I’d
had time to know him better I might
have found a lot of faults, but I only
had time to love him and long for him
all the time.”
On herself
“I’m not sorry. I will never be sorry.
I would do everything I did again if I
had to. Everything.”
12
NEWS
HEALTH
Huge poll provides powerful
tool for mental health study
By Jennifer Cockerell
Tens of thousands of volunteers
have come forward to help dramatically boost vital research into mental
health disorders.
The UK Biobank which has
amassed health data from 500,000
volunteers to help researchers improve the prevention, diagnosis and
treatment of scores of serious and
life-threatening illnesses.
Work on mental health disorders
was being hampered by limited clinical information from people.
However, following an appeal by
doctors, more than 157,000 people
volunteered to help by filling out an
online mental health questionnaire
developed by researchers at King’s
College London.
As a result, researchers say they
now have “unparalleled potential”
The database is available
to researchers trying
to discover why some people
develop particular diseases
and others do not.
to look at whether depression is one
illness or lots of different related illnesses, for example.
Professor Matthew Hotopf, director of the National Institute for
Health Research (NIHR) Maudsley Biomedical Centre, said: “Our
study suggests the UK Biobank
could be a powerful tool for mental
health research, and since it is open
to all health researchers for work in
the public good, we hope to inspire
both existing and new users of UK
Biobank. Given the known impact
of mental health on physical health,
mental health data should interest
researchers from every biomedical
specialty looking at associations with
health and disease.”
Volunteers aged between 40 and
69 were recruited from 2006 to 2010
from across the country to take part
in the project. They provided blood,
urine and saliva samples for future
analysis and agreed to have their
health followed by scientists.
TECHNOLOGY
Phone app outshines medics’ test
By Alina Polianskaya
Smartphones are being hailed as
a useful tool in clinical settings
after an app outperformed the
traditional method of tracking a
person’s blood flow.
In a study, researchers placed a
phone camera lens on the patient’s
fingertip to get a reading of the
blood flow in a wrist artery using
the Instant Heart Rate app.
It found the app to be superior
to the traditional gold standard –
the Allen test – giving a diagnostic
accuracy of 94 per cent compared
with 84 per cent. Dr Benjamin
Hibbert, of the University of
Ottawa Heart Institute, said: “Our
study highlights the potential for
smartphone-based diagnostics to
aid in clinical decision-making at
the patient’s bedside.”
The study was published
in the Canadian Medical
Association Journal.
Don’t let this year’s
ISA allowance
get away.
LET’S TALK HOW.
Elton: It’s not goodbye yet
Sir Elton John (pictured) has
denied that he is retiring from
music following his announcement that he will no longer tour.
The 76-year-old said he will no
longer hit the road after his farewell tour starting later this year
so that he can spend more time
with his family, but has no plans to
call for his pipe and slippers.
“It sounds so boring to me. I’m
simply stopping all the travel,”
the Still Standing singer told
OK magazine.
2
days left
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LEGAL
SOCIETY
Top prosecutor
denies she was
forced out of job
By Andrew Woodcock
and Gavin Cordon
The Director of Public Prosecutions
Alison Saunders has dismissed suggestions that she is leaving the post
because the Government refused to
renew her contract.
Ms Saunders rejected criticisms of
her five-year stint at the head of the
Crown Prosecution Service, describing claims that standards had slipped
as “hugely insulting” to prosecutors.
The Attorney General Jeremy
Wright confirmed that Ms Saunders would leave in October. The
search for a replacement is to begin
immediately.
Her tenure in the post has been
marked by controversy – most recently over the collapse of a series of
Mr Janner said Ms Saunders should have stood
down over the “fiasco” over child
abuse allegations against his
father, Labour peer Lord Janner.
rape trials because of the late disclosure of evidence, leading to a review
of every rape case in the country.
The Government sought to play
down reports that ministers had declined to extend her contract. The
press notice announcing her departure pointed out that only one of her
predecessors had served for longer
than five years.
But The Daily Telegraph quoted an
unnamed Whitehall source as saying
that “it was made clear that her contract would not be extended”.
Ms Saunders told BBC Radio 4’s
Today: “They haven’t said that to me
at all. I told them that I wouldn’t be
asking for an extension, I was leaving
at the end of my five years, so it has
not been an issue for discussion.
“It was my decision to leave. DPPs
serve a term of five years.”
The QC Daniel Janner branded Ms
Saunders an “appalling” DPP under
whose leadership the CPS had “fallen
into disrepute”.
Ms Saunders said that criticisms
of this kind were “incredibly inaccurate” and demonstrated a lack of un-
13
Children pick
up a book and
‘swipe left’
By Alison Kershaw
Alison Saunders’ five-year stint in the post has been marked by controversy PA
derstanding of the work of the CPS.
“Our performance across the last five
years has been as good as [before] if
not improving, despite the cuts over
that period.”
Ms Saunders said that the disclosure problem was the result of a “systematic failing that has been going on
for years across the criminal justice
system, not just in the CPS”, and was
now being dealt with.
And she denied that the CPS was
responsible for releasing the names
of suspects before they have been
charged, adding that it was a matter
for the Government whether or not
suspects should be granted anonymity following arrest.
Books are becoming a luxury
that many families cannot afford,
teachers have claimed, as concerns were raised about funding
cuts on libraries. In a debate at
the National Education Union
(NUT section) annual conference
in Brighton, delegates raised concerns about a “hammering” of library services in the past decade.
One also said that young children are now picking up books and
“swiping left”.
Jennifer Bhambri-Lyte, a delegate from North Somerset, said:
“Sharing a book brings families
together for precious moments.
I’ve taught both nursery and reception and I personally still find it
disturbing to see a child pick up a
book and try to swipe left.”
EDUCATION
Four-year-olds
‘gouging eyes
of teachers’
By Ryan Hooper
SCIENCE
Scottish island’s dinosaurs can help
unlock mysteries of Middle Jurassic age
By Conor Riordan
Dozens of newly discovered giant
dinosaur footprints on a Scottish island are helping to shed light on the
Jurassic reptiles’ evolution.
The 170-million-year-old tracks
were made in a muddy lagoon off the
north-east coast of what is now the
Isle of Skye. Most of the prints were
made by the “older cousins” of Tyrannosaurus rex, called theropods
– which stood up to two metres tall
– and by similarly sized long-necked
sauropods. These are the second set
of dinosaur footprints found on Skye,
with the first being discovered in
2015, although the latest discoveries
were made in older rocks.
The find is considered to be globally important as it provides rare
evidence from the Middle Jurassic
period, from which few fossil sites
have been found around the world.
Dr Steve Brusatte, from the University of Edinburgh’s School of
GeoSciences, who led the field team,
said: “The more we look on the Isle
Across
No 2295
Solution, page 49
1
Artistically depicts
one taking rubbish
out (6)
3
Run to get
something from
the shed? (6)
4
Become more
amenable about
period that’s just
finished (6)
Down
1
Supporter of
natural lipstick
upset (6)
2
Maybe brandy
bottle? (6)
of Skye, the more dinosaur footprints
we find. This new site records two
different types of dinosaurs – longnecked cousins of the brontosaurus
and sharp-toothed cousins of T. rex –
hanging around a lagoon, back when
Scotland was much warmer and dinosaurs were beginning their march
to global dominance.”
Researchers measured, photographed and analysed about 50
footprints in a tidal area at Brothers’
Point (Rubha nam Brathairean), a
dramatic headland on Skye’s Trot-
A 170-million-year-old footprint
made by a long-necked sauropod was
found in a lagoon on the Isle of Skye PA
ternish peninsula. The largest of the
embed marks are 70cm across, left by
a sauropod, while the largest theropod track was 50cm across.
In Saturday’s
Days Out
Archery, train racing and
baby discos to get your
weekend on target
Children as young as four are
violently abusing staff up to “six
or seven times a day”, including
strangling, spitting and attempting to gouge the eyes of teachers
and pupils, an education conference has heard.
In one case, a pregnant special
educational needs co-ordinator
(Senco) at a school in Shropshire
described how she was repeatedly
called into classrooms to restrain
and deal with violent pupils.
Kelly Watkins, 38, told the NASUWT conference in Birmingham:
“In the last two years behaviour
in children has increased to an extremely violent level. As a Senco,
you have that magic wand to be
called to a classroom to sort out
the problem. As a pregnant Senco
I’m still called to the classroom.”
14
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facebook.com/theipaper
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Please include a contact address with all correspondence
TheOpinionMatrix
COMMENT FROM HOME AND ABROAD
LONDON
KNIFE CRIME
LABOUR
PARTY
MOHAMMED
BIN SALMAN
INDIANS’
WEALTH
FUTURE
OF EGYPT
MARY
MAGDALENE
Murder rate is
higher than
New York’s
No quick fix
for Corbyn on
anti-Semitism
Portrait of a
Crown Prince
emerges
Economic
growth
continues
Second term
for Sisi is not
good news
Reputation
should not
be in doubt
The Sun
BBC
Bloomberg
Economist
The Atlantic
Times of Israel
More must be done.
Tougher sentences
for gang leaders
and support for the
community groups
doing difficult work
on our estates.
Clampdowns on the
merchants who profit
from knife sales and on
the social media firms
that host violent videos
glamorising gang life.
The police must be
more visible in the
most badly hit areas.
(Editorial)
Breitbart
London and New York
City are roughly equal
in terms of population
and police numbers,
making budget cuts
an unsatisfactory
explanation for
the situation.
(Jack Montgomery)
Labour has denounced
the behaviour and
distanced itself from
the groups. Corbyn has
condemned, criticised
and apologised time
and again. But with
no apparent quick fix
at hand and no let-up
in accusations, he has
some way to go to
convince everyone in
his party that he has a
grip on the problem.
(Jonathan Blake)
Daily Mail
Can we get one thing
straight about the hard
left, whose takeover
of the Labour Party is
now almost complete?
The anti-Semitism is
just one manifestation
of their all-embracing
hatefulness.
(Dominic Lawson)
Quote of
the day
He’s famous for
working long hours, as
the glazed eyes of the
employees arranging
his trip can attest. He’d
barely finished official
visits to Egypt and the
UK when he jetted to
Washington.
(Vivian Nereim)
It has benefited from
a buoyant global
economy and an open
trade environment.
The latter may be
changing. Indian
IT firms are facing
restrictions on their
employees working
in America. And India
itself has taken a
protectionist turn,
recently imposing
tariffs on a range
of products.
(Editorial)
New Yorker
MBS gives the
impression of being
comfortable with
Western mores.
In meetings with
American women, he
shakes their hands and
looks them in the eye,
which not every Saudi
official will do. But his
English is halting, and
among his brothers
– he has nine – he is
unusually bound to
Saudi Arabia.
(Dexter Filkins)
Financial Times
According to a
recent World Bank
calculation, India lags
the 8 per cent growth
it needs to hit every
year for the next 30 if
it wants to become an
upper-middle income
country.
(Kiran Stacey)
Because of strong
support within state
institutions for the
incumbent, there was
no doubt either inside
or outside Egypt that
he would remain
president.
(HA Hellyer)
The Guardian
Egypt has a lot of
problems and Sisi is
making them worse.
His record of economic
mismanagement,
unchecked, highlevel corruption,
IMF-mandated
austerity, cuts in
food and fuel state
subsidies, high youth
unemployment
and inadequate
educational provision
is a virtual guarantee
of future upheavals.
(Editorial)
For centuries,
Christianity depicted
Mary Magdalene as a
former prostitute, a
narrative that began in
the sixth century. Pope
Gregory conflated
Magdalene with an
anonymous sinful
woman mentioned in
the chapter before she
is introduced in the
Gospel of Luke.
(Isaac Scharf)
Los Angeles
Fusing the holy and
the erotic, Magdalene
starred for many
centuries in devotional
tracts, and visual art
that celebrated her
washing Jesus’ feet,
weeping at the foot of
the cross, encountering
the risen Lord and
meditating on her past.
(Charlotte Allen)
LifeInBrief
EFRAIN RIOS MONTT DICTATOR
The key is to
not be afraid
to open up.
Especially us
dudes have a
tendency to
keep it in. You’re
not alone
Dwayne ‘The
Rock’ Johnson
The actor and
former wrestler on
his struggles with
depression
Efrain Rios Montt, the Guatemalan
military dictator who was charged with
genocide and crimes against humanity
for atrocities committed by his troops
during the country’s long-running civil
war, has died in Guatemala City. He
was 91.
The retired brigadier general,
said to be suffering from dementia,
spent the last several years of his life
consumed by legal battles stemming
from his short but barbarous reign as
the country’s leader. His lawyer said he
suffered a heart attack.
Rios Montt assumed power in 1982,
in a coup staged by junior officers.
Guatemala was long familiar with rule
by military strongmen and human
rights abuses. But during his 17-month
reign, repression by state security
forces reached new levels of brutality.
A United Nations-sponsored truth
commission found that nearly half of
all the human rights violations during
the 36-year conflict occurred in 1982.
More than 200,000 Guatemalans
perished during the civil war’s violence,
according to the commission, and
government forces were responsible
for the vast majority of deaths.
An evangelical Christian and
part-time lay preacher, Rios Montt
befriended televangelists Pat
Robertson and Jerry Falwell. Robertson
extolled the Guatemalan leader, the
lone Protestant head of state in Latin
America, as the only alternative to
“the oppression of corrupt oligarchies
and the tyranny of Russian-backed
Communist totalitarianism”. To his
fiercest critics, the general was known
as “the born-again butcher”.
Initially, Rios Montt enjoyed broad
support by vowing to bring order to
a nation where, as in much of Central
America during the Cold War, Marxist
guerrillas had risen up against military
regimes. His draconian plan called for
depopulating rebel strongholds to deny
the guerrillas civilian support.
Under Rios Montt’s command, the
armed forces destroyed nearly 600
villages in the northern highlands and
killed thousands of innocent civilians,
according to the truth commission
report. Most of the victims were Mayan
Indians who make up about half of
Guatemala’s population.
Rios Montt was ousted in a coup
led by his former defence minister in
August 1983.
José Efrain Rios Montt was born in
Huehuetenango. He joined the army at
17, won rapid promotions and, by 1970,
had been named general and chief of
staff of the army.
Rios Montt first ran for president in
1974. Although he is widely believed
to have won, he was denied victory by
the government’s electoral council. He
accepted a post as Guatemala’s military
attache to Spain.
In 1978, Rios Montt joined the Church
of the Word, whose missionaries had
arrived two years earlier to help the
survivors of a deadly earthquake that
levelled parts of Guatemala City.
Rios Montt always denied taking part
in genocide or the disappearance of
opponents. WASHINGTON POST
Born 16 June 1926
Died 1 April 2018
John Otis
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15
MyView
JaneMerrick
A party out of order
Labour is accused of sheltering an MP who is a domestic abuser
I
have been researching the
lives of two female Labour
MPs who sat on the green
benches many decades ago:
Edith Picton-Turbervill
and Eirene White. PictonTurbervill’s short term in office,
between 1929 and 1931, did not
limit her commitment to fighting
for equality – she introduced a
new law to stop the death penalty
for pregnant women convicted of
serious crimes. White, as an MP
between 1950 and 1970, similarly
tried to use her time in Parliament
to extend the rights of women,
including helping to change the
restrictive laws on divorce.
Today, their parliamentary
granddaughters refuse to accept
that the progress in gender equality,
achieved since their time, has gone
far enough. Female MPs from all
parties – including Labour’s Stella
Creasy, the Conservative Nicky
Morgan, Lib Dem Jo Swinson
and the SNP’s Hannah Bardell
– this week launch a new online
campaign to close the gender pay
gap, #PayMeToo. Jess Phillips, the
Labour MP – who is also a supporter
of #PayMeToo – is a tireless
campaigner against domestic
violence, including highlighting that
two women every week are killed by
their partners.
It is appalling to read, then,
that one of their parliamentary
colleagues is accused of violence
against his wife, on repeated
occasions. The allegations against
this unnamed man are serious,
and yet he remains a member of
the Labour Party. Alarmingly, the
allegations were known to the
party before he stood at last year’s
general election, and yet he was still
allowed by Labour to be elected by
thousands of – seemingly unwitting
and uninformed – constituents.
Jeremy Corbyn’s office, it is
understood, knew of the claims
last November, and yet the MP
continues to represent Labour in
parliament. Understandably, some
female Labour MPs are outraged
and want to see him suspended
from the party.
It would be naive to think that
MPs are immune from committing
crimes – they are not a separate
order of saintly humans who can do
no wrong, far from it. But they must
also be held to the same standards
of accountability that apply to the
constituents they represent. And
if any are accused of a crime, their
bosses in the party should take
action. Allegations of domestic
violence – which one source
described to the Mail on Sunday as
“horrific” in this case – should be
treated with the seriousness they
deserve. I am not suggesting this
man should be named, because
doing so would risk identifying the
alleged victim, his wife. But how
can he represent his constituents,
ask questions in parliament and
contribute to the law-making
process when he stands accused of
breaking the law himself? And it
What are
the chances
that Corbyn
and party
officials will
do anything?
is not enough to say this should be
only a police matter, when reporting
incidents of domestic violence to a
local force can be an ordeal in itself.
Nearly six months on since
#MeToo swept through the Houses
of Parliament, some progress is
being made to stamp out sexual
harassment and assault committed
by those within its walls. Some
MPs have been held accountable
for their actions, and the working
group set up by Commons Leader
Andrea Leadsom is proposing
measures to tackle the problem,
although there are shortcomings.
But there are politicians – from
all parties, let’s be clear – who
remain MPs, with access to all the
privileges and entitlements that
the job entails, despite serious
allegations against them.
Female Labour MPs are right to
demand this man is suspended –
but if no action has been taken up
to now, what are the chances that
Corbyn and party officials will do
anything? Sadly, there is a record of
inaction, cover-up or mishandling
by Labour when it comes to
investigating serious allegations of
sexual harassment and assault. Bex
Bailey, (inset) one of the first women
in Westminster to go public with her
experience as part of the #MeToo
movement, did so because
she was discouraged
by the party from
making an official
complaint about
being raped by
a senior Labour
figure. Ava
Etemadzadeh,
who alleges sexual
harassment by the
Labour MP Kelvin Hopkins
(which he denies), was initially told
he would be able to question her via
a video link during a disciplinary
hearing into the case. This would
have been an unforgivable move by
Labour, but party officials backed
down after she protested. As it is,
Hopkins will still be able to question
her, but in writing.
In a magazine interview in
December, Corbyn said he was
“horrified and appalled” by
accounts of sexual harassment in
Westminster, adding: “I’m utterly
determined all Labour Party
events will be a safe place for
women to go to.”
I believe he is sincere in this
pledge, but for now they are just
words. His action on tackling
anti-Semitism was slow to catch
up with his rhetoric, and under
his leadership this scourge has
flourished. In a similar way, his
action on sexual harassment does
not match his words.
As long as one of his MPs
continues to represent Labour
while being accused of domestic
violence, he is being sheltered by
Corbyn. His Labour parliamentary
forebears – just like his present-day
colleagues – would be appalled.
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@
Not time for
a change
Bede Mullen (i, 2 April)
asks for a reason why
we should not bring our
clocks permanently in
line with those of our
European friends. Which
friends would those be?
Presumably not those
in Ireland, who already
experience sunrise and
sunset much later than
England (for example
7.05 vs 6.32 and 20.13
vs 19.35 at this time
of year). What about
Portugal, which is also
in the same time zone
as us and whose sunrise
and sunset times are
even later?
If the most westerly
European countries
were to adopt Central
European time, which
itself uses daylight
saving in the summer,
then all year round
we would have
comparatively lighter
evenings and darker
mornings, but I am not
sure who wants daylight
persisting until 11.30pm
in mid-summer or
darkness until nearly
9am in mid-winter.
KEITH BUSHNELL
COVENTRY
Your
View
TWEETS
AND EMAILS
The UK is correctly in
the Western European
Time (WET) Zone and
that’s where we must
stay. Belgium, the
Netherlands, Spain and
(for the most part) France
also lie geographically
within the WET zone but
choose to keep Central
European Time.
I believe that Franco
moved Spain to CET as a
friendship gesture when
Hitler came visiting;
and that France planned
to revert to WET at
the end of the German
occupation, but never
got round to it. Perhaps
we should ask them to
change back?
MIKE TOOLE
HAMPSHIRE
Presently, the NHS
will only carry out the
procedure if it is proved
that the patient is caused
“severe psychological
distress”. Judging by the
state of many current
decorations, this may
well be the case.
RICHARD FINCH
WIGTON, CUMBRIA
Origins of
Easter
The clue to the origin of
Easter and its association
with eggs is clear within
its name. Ostara (also
known as Eostre or
Oestre, and possibly
a northern European
derivative of Ishtar or
Astarte) was a pagan
goddess of the dawn
(including the “dawn” of
the year’s cycle after the
“sleep” of winter). Her
symbols were the hare,
which transmogrified
into the “Easter bunny”,
and the egg, from which
the season’s new birth
emerged.
HUGH TURNER
SUFFOLK
The Venerable Bede
(AD672-735) in his
Ecclesiastical History of
the English People refers
to the Anglo-Saxon
goddess named Eostre,
representing spring. It
was connected with an
old English month which
corresponded with
April, when a festival in
honour of Eostre was
held. This is an example
of Christians adopting
pagan concepts.
ERIC FITCH
HEREFORD
Central buying
for the NHS
Why has it taken the
NHS so long to get
around to the idea of
central purchasing
(i,2 April)? I started work
in a Yorkshire school over
40 years ago and was
immediately introduced
to the YPO (Yorkshire
In defence
of slugs
A family saying grace in
1955 JACOBSEN /THREE
LIONS/GETTY
purchasing organisation)
catalogue. The catalogue
contains all the basic
equipment a school
needs, at low prices,
negotiated centrally for
all Yorkshire schools.
In an organisation as
large as the NHS, the
purchasing power due to
economy of scale must
be vast.
J NICHOLSON
LEEDS
Changing table
manners
As a child family meals
always commenced after
saying grace: “For what
we are about to receive
may the Lord make us
truly thankful.” We were
expected to finish up our
plates of food and never
to complain about it.
Sixty years on and my
life has turned around.
By rejecting processed
food and radically
changing my diet to
exclude a lot of foods
that I was expected to
eat when I was young,
my arthritic pains seem
to have faded away and
my health has dramatically improved. I’m not
particularly religious but
it does appear that “the
Lord” has also given us
brains to realise exactly
what we are eating.
SARAH GALL
ROCHDALE
Thank you,
Rebecca
Thank you Rebecca
Armstrong for sharing
your and Nick’s life for
the past four years
(i, 2 April). My life was
changed at almost
exactly the same time
due to my parents both
being diagnosed with
dementia. Rebecca
dealing with social
workers and residential
care resounded so much
with my situation. Also
the dawning realisation
that this wasn’t going
to go away. Good luck,
Rebecca and Nick. Your
column has helped me
so much.
J NICHOLS
Who pays for
tattoo removal?
Neville Denson is right
(i, 2 April) in that, like
all fashion, people will
tire of their tattoos. I
only hope that the NHS
does not have to foot the
bill for their removal.
I am disappointed that
advice given in the
gardening section with
regard to slugs (i, 31
March) is misleading and
hazardous. Using slug
pellets endangers the
lives of not just toddlers
but also pets and wildlife.
Slug pellets are one
of the main killers of
hedgehogs and song
birds, the very predators
that harmlessly control
slugs and snails. The
assumption in the article
that slugs are always a
pest is flawed. Slugs, like
every living organism
in an ecosystem, have a
role. As well as providing
a crucial food source
for other wildlife,
many species are key
composters, helping
to break down decomposing vegetation.
There are approximately 40 species of
slug currently found in
the UK, with only a small
number of these considered as pests.
PHILIP BENSTEAD
NEW MILTON,
HAMPSHIRE
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FOOD & DRINK
How gin got hip again
Meeting the
people behind
all-black sketch
show Famalam
NEWS
2-27
People
VOICES
14-18
TV
28-29
By Jessica Barrett
IQ
30-39
‘One-hit
wonder’
now in
31st year
Star Wars fans have started a campaign
to persuade Disney to cast Meryl Streep
in the forthcoming Star Wars film, to
replace the late Carrie Fisher.
The online petition asks that Disney,
LucasFilm, producer Kathleen Kennedy
and director JJ Abrams consider casting
Streep (inset) as Princess Leia, known
later in the franchise as General
Organa. Not only was Streep
good friends with Fisher,
she also received an
Oscar nomination for her
performance in Postcards
From The Edge, an adaptation of Fisher’s semiautobiographical novel.
“We believe that Meryl
Streep would be an ideal
candidate to play Leia in Star Wars
Episode IX,” the petition reads, adding
that Streep is the “best hope” for the
role’s continuation in the forthcoming
film. Producers certainly need to find
someone (if they haven’t already): Episode
IX was due to feature Leia heavily, and
although Fisher’s death in 2016 caused
a total rewrite of the script it is thought
that the character will still feature.
with a Kinetico
Water Softener
17
i@inews.co.uk
Twitter: @jess_barrett
‘Star Wars’ fans
want Streep to
replace Fisher
Banish
limescale
forever!
i TUESDAY
3 APRIL 2018
BUSINESS SPORT
40-41
47-56
She is approaching not
only her 50th birthday
but her 31st year in the
music industry, and no
one is more pleased
by this longevity than
Kylie Minogue herself.
“I was meant to be
a one-hit wonder,”
Minogue admits. She
was appearing as
Charlene in Neighbours
when she released
“Locomotion” in 1987,
and Minogue says she
always thought she’d
be an actress not a
pop star.
“I thought I was just
going to keep on acting,
and singing might take
off. So you just never
know,” she ponders,
adding, “I think so much
of it is destiny, a lot of
it is hard work.”
The eyes have it:
Apple chief’s
FaceTime pride
Apple’s chief design officer Jony Ive
has worked at the company since 1997
and seen the brand develop countless
new products and technology. Which
is he the most proud of? FaceTime.
He tells Naomi Campbell, in an
interview with Vogue, that the ability
to see the eyes of the person you’re
communicating with is revolutionary.
“[It] is one of the most lovely examples of communication – connection
can be very transactional, like with a
text message, or incredibly nuanced
and intimate like it is with FaceTime.
Seeing someone’s eyes is really
important.”
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18
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i@inews.co.uk
Please include a contact address with all correspondence
My four-year-old son is the bravest person I know
HEALTH
Sarah
Welsh
T
his week I found myself
comforting a friend in
our local coffee shop. We
were talking about our
eldest children, her son and my
daughter, and the fact that they are
both carers for younger siblings
with specialist needs, and wise and
compassionate beyond their years.
What brought tears to my friend’s
eyes was the thought that neither
of them may have the chance to
have a school photo taken with their
younger sibling – an experience that
many of their friends have enjoyed
and quite rightly taken for granted.
I empathised with her, but for once
I was the one telling another parent
of a child with additional needs that
things can and will get easier.
World Autism Awareness Day
was yesterday, a fact not lost on
the estimated 700,000 people with
a diagnosis in the UK, or their
families. It’s also not lost on me
because this August it will be two
years since my four-year-old son
Rory was diagnosed with Autistic
Spectrum Disorder (ASD).
If I’m honest, I’d known for
months, even years, that there
was something different about my
beautiful blue-eyed boy, the second
baby we’d struggled to have and the
absolute image of his nanna.
Rory was late hitting all of his
milestones, skipping the crawling
stage entirely and only taking his
first wobbly steps at 19 months.
Many people told me: “Don’t worry
he’s a boy, they’re lazy – he’ll get
there in his own time.” And I’d try
to convince myself, against my own
fears and better judgement, that
they were right.
Shortly after my son’s diagnosis, I
found using social media incredibly
difficult. A photo of a friend’s child
simply smiling at the camera was a
totally alien concept to Rory.
A photo of a child sitting on a
balance bike could reduce me to
tears. But now I’ve taught myself to
not compare him to other children.
I still have days when I struggle,
but now I’m proud to shout about
Rory’s condition on Facebook and
document all his achievements.
I used to worry about what I’d
do if Rory’s sensory issues led to
a meltdown on the school run, or
in the park. Now I happily chat to
the parent next to me about my
son and ASD, which means he can
struggle to wait for his turn on
the slide and that he finds it hard
to share.
And six months on from making
the very difficult decision that Rory
won’t be able to cope at mainstream
school, I’m delighted that we’ve
secured him a place at the local
specialist primary where he’ll
get one-to-one support and they
couldn’t give a toss whether or not
he’s co-operating with toilet training
by September.
Despite only being four years old,
Rory is without doubt the bravest
person I know. Autism means that
just leaving your house on certain
days can lead to crippling anxiety,
yet he’s always cheerful and has a
cheeky smile. Friends, colleagues,
family and his teachers have all gone
out of their way to tell us that Rory
brightens up their day, and that
makes me feel incredibly proud.
And while I might not be able to
predict what’s yet to come, for him
or for us, I know that the future
doesn’t frighten me half so much
anymore with Rory in my corner.
LEISURE
buying tickets when money is so
tight. But that night was sacrosanct,
like a baby’s last night in the womb
before it braves the unknown, and
everything needed to be just right.
And then the internet broke
down and, well, have you ever tried
watching normal telly all night long?
All of a sudden our smart telly
wasn’t quite so smart: we couldn’t
get to our programme, we couldn’t
catch up on anything decent we’d
missed or start on a new box set.
We were stuck with a normal
terrestrial telly, and ours doesn’t
even have an inbuilt DVD player,
so we couldn’t stick on an old Alan
Partridge (inset), which always used
to be the DVD of choice for A Big
Night In in the old days.
We tried the usual switching
it on and off again, we tried
the other Wi-Fi we have in the
house but couldn’t guess the
password, which passed the time
for about 15 minutes. I suppose
guessing passwords is the
21st-century equivalent of
an old-fashioned parlour
game, the three of us
shouting out various
combinations of
dead pets’ names
and grandmothers’
birthdays, but to no
avail. Then we started
bickering and I realised
that A Big Night In is just as
much in danger of going wrong
as A Big Night Out, only with less
chance of losing your purse in the
back of a taxi. My final thought, as
we all gave up and sloped off to bed,
was: “Thank God I’m going away
tomorrow and I don’t have to be
the one responsible for getting this
sorted out.” THE INDEPENDENT
Jenny
Eclair
You know your Meatfeast
from your Margherita.
But do you know your
pension options?
Over 50 with a defined contribution pension?
There’s an easy way to get free impartial
guidance on the options for your pension pot.
To book a free appointment call 0800 138 1585
or visit pensionwise.gov.uk
Broadband
fail ruined my
Big Night In
L
ast week, the night before
I left home to embark on a
60-date tour, we decided
to have A Big Night In. It
is the opposite of A Big Night Out,
but requires a similar amount of
preparation. Instead of dolling
yourself up and dithering over your
wardrobe while swigging Malibu
from the bottle, it means that
by 7.30pm you are scrubbed
of make-up, bathed and in
your pyjamas.
The old man lit a
fire, the daughter
came over with her
yoga mat, we threw a
few downward dogs,
opened some wine,
scrambled a load of
eggs and lashed out on the
smoked salmon and sourdough.
Our mission was to have dinner in
front of the box, leaving our plates
to clear up in the morning. It was
supposed to be the calm before the
schlepp around the country.
Now don’t get me wrong, I’m glad
to schlepp. At 58, I’m lucky to still
be gigging and that people are still
THE INDEPENDENT
NEWS
NEWS
2-27
VOICES
14-18
TV
28-29
IQ
30-39
BUSINESS SPORT
40-41
47-56
ENTERTAINMENT
Double act
Female MPs are
reluctant to host
show, says Hislop
By Adam Sherwin
ARTS AND MEDIA CORRESPONDENT
Female MPs turn down invitations
to guest-present Have I Got News For
You because they lack the confidence
to appear, Ian Hislop has claimed.
The satirical panel show has been
presented by 11 politicians over the
years, only one of whom, Ann Widdecombe, was a woman.
Paul Merton, who has appeared as a
captain on the BBC panel show since
its inception in 1990 alongside Hislop,
told Radio Times: “The producers
always ask more women than men.
More women say no. And right from
the early days, that’s been the case.”
Hislop added: “And everyone you
think should have been asked has
been. Really, they really have. And on
the whole, women are slightly more
reticent and think, maybe modestly,
‘I can’t do that.’ Maybe more men in
public life say, ‘Yes, I can do that’.”
Former Tory minister Ms Widdecombe, who accepted the invitation in
2006, was the show’s worst ever guest
presenter, Merton said.
“My worst experience was when
Ann Widdecombe hosted it the second time,” he said. The politician had
overcome nervousness during her
2006 debut. “Then the programme is
edited and her friends see it and say,
‘Oh, you were very good on that’.”
Victoria Coren Mitchell presents ‘Have I Got News For You’ in 2016 BBC
“Second time she comes on she’s
telling the producer what jokes will
and won’t work. She turned to me
at one point and said, ‘Come on, be
amusing – that’s what you’re being
paid for.’ Even as I say it, it sends a
shiver through my heart. Suddenly
she thought she was Victoria Wood!”
Stormzy takes on the
Doctor in Bafta vote
Stormzy’s surprise appearance on
Love Island will compete with the
reveal of Doctor Who’s 13th Time
Lord and Ariana Grande’s emotional performance of One Last Time at
One Love Manchester to be named
TV must-see moment of 2017.
Also on the shortlist for the prize
at the Bafta television awards are
the moment that dragon Viserion is
killed by the Night King in Game of
Thrones, the scene in which a mother pilot whale grieves for her baby
in Blue Planet II, and the cliffhanger
in Line of Duty when Roz Huntley
wakes up just before she’s about to
be cut up with a chainsaw.
The winner will be revealed during the Virgin TV British Academy
Television Awards on 13 May.
ITV2 reality show Love Island
was the breakout hit of last summer, garnering celebrity fans including the grime star Stormzy.
As contestants Kem Cetinay,
Chris Hughes and Marcel Somerville rehearsed a rap, he joined
them via video to give some advice.
That TV moment will compete
against the reveal of Jodie Whittaker as the first ever female Doctor.
Members of the public can vote
for their favourite moment online
at virginmedia.com/bafta and will
also have the opportunity to enter
a draw to win tickets to the event.
om
pp
Jodie Whittaker’s turn as the first
female Doctor made the shortlist
Voting opens on 3 April from midday and closes on 1 May at 5pm.
The nominations for the other
awards will be announced on
4 April.
Ex-Beatles drummer wants
reunion with McCartney
Manville: I work
harder than a
20-year-old
The original drummer with The
Beatles, Pete Best, has said he
would like to meet Sir Paul McCartney and “have a good old bash with
him” more than 50 years after he
was sacked and replaced by Ringo
Starr in the group.
Best hasn’t seen bassist and
songwriter McCartney since then
and has previously expressed
anger that the group – McCartney and the late John Lennon and
George Harrison – failed to speak to
him in person when he was dumped
from the band.
“Paul has always hinted that
7 Nigh
ts
fr
389
PEOPLE
he’d like to meet up. The door’s always been wide open. I’m not the
guilty person, you know? Whether
he wants to do it on a public basis
or a private one, it’s his call,” the
76-year-old told the Telegraph.
He declined, however, to say
whether he feels the multi-millionaire McCartney owes his an apology. “Ask him,” Mr Best said.
But he said any such meeting
would be civilised. “We’re senior
statesmen now. How many years
we’ve got left on this planet is really
predictable. Let’s talk about things
in general. Stick a bottle of scotch
on the table and let’s have a good
old bash.”
Anne Widdecombe said
she was angered by a
Jimmy Carr gag at her expense
and claimed that “no amount of
money” would encourage her to
repeat the experience.
£
PEOPLE
By Rachel Roberts
Women who have taken on the role
of guest presenter include Kirsty
Young, Victoria Coren Mitchell, Jennifer Saunders and Jo Brand. Hislop
picked out Neil Kinnock as the worst
presenter. The former Labour leader,
he said, “had been in Europe for too
many years”.
Asked if he would continue as a
captain if Merton ever left the
show, Hislop said: “I can’t imagine
it.” Merton said: “No show is
entirely dependent on the people
that do it. But it would
be different.”
There are no plans to break up
a screen partnership which may
outlast Ant and Dec. “It’s up to you
to keep it fresh,” Merton said. “As
long as it works, it doesn’t matter
if it’s been going three years or
30 years. Have I Got News... is still
huge fun to do and if it remains
fun to watch then I want to go on
making it.
“Obviously I think that news and
the presentation and distortion of
it is endlessly interesting.”
Travel Offer
TELEVISION
By Laura Harding
19
i TUESDAY
3 APRIL 2018
By Jane Clinton
Actor Lesley Manville says she has
just experienced the most challenging time of her career, not least
for her having to perform with a
knee-brace.
Ms Manville, performing in Long
Day’s Journey into Night in London’s
West End, told the Radio Times that
publicity to promote the film Phantom Thread; promoting the play
and a new BBC sitcom, Mum had
proved to be a punishing schedule. “It’s been intense. I think a lot
of 20-year-olds would balk at my
schedule,” said the actor, 62.
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flights available – call for prices.
! 7 nights’ four-star accommodation
! Daily breakfast, lunch and evening
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Departures
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£389
May
£439
June
£519
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£429
October
£419
! All Inclusive drinks
For more information or to book, please call:
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Quote Code: IPAS0204
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prior to departure.
20
NEWS
CRYPTIC CROSSWORD
No 2231 BY PUNK
1
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By Adam Sherwin
16
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ARTS AND MEDIA CORRESPONDENT
21
24
27
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28
29
31
Stuck on the cryptic crossword? For today’s solutions, call 0905 789 3580.
Calls cost 80p per minute plus your network access charge. If you are having
trouble accessing this number, please call our helpdesk on 0333 202 3390.
Full terms and conditions can be found on page 43
MUSIC
‘1812 Overture’
blasts to top of
classical chart
18
23
Solution to yesterday’s Cryptic
7
13
15
17
26
6
10
11
19
5
Tchaikovsky’s 1812 Overture was
voted the most popular piece of
classical music for the first time in
the Classic FM Hall of Fame, the
world’s largest annual survey of
classical tastes.
The Overture toppled last year’s
winner, Ralph Vaughan Williams’
The Lark Ascending, which has
held the top spot on eight occasions since the poll launched
in 1996.
The Lark… fell to third place,
with Rachmaninov’s Piano Concerto No 2 remaining second in
the audience survey, which attracted 120,000 votes.
Tchaikovsky himself didn’t
consider the 1812 Overture, commissioned in 1880 for the opening
of a cathedral in Moscow, a charttopper. He wrote to a friend: “I did
it with no warm feeling of love and
therefore there will probably be no
artistic merits in it.”
Tchaikovsky had 14 entries in
the Classic FM Top 300, revealed
yesterday. Mozart was the most
popular composer, with 23 works.
TOO SCARED TO
SLEEP TONIGHT
Sponsor a room and help give a homeless young person a place to feel safe.
Could you sponsor a room today? When you do, you’ll
be giving a homeless young person a safe place to
sleep and the chance of building a better future.
Tonight, thousands of homeless young people who have
no one to turn to, risk being attacked or abused.
Two years without a permanent home caused Jacks
mental health to deteriorate and his life rapidly spiralled
out of control. Alone and vulnerable, Jack could so easily
have been yet another young victim of violent crime if
Centrepoint hadn’t given him a room.
Jack became homeless when his relationship with his
family reached breaking point.
Can you imagine being too scared to even close your
eyes? Being desperately tired and just wanting to sleep
so it will all go away, even for just a few hours?
He was just 13 years old when he slept rough for the
first time.
Jack now has a home of his own and is back in touch
with his family.
“It was October and very late one night when I was asked to
leave. I had nowhere to go so I walked around looking for
somewhere to hide. I found a bench in the park but I couldn’t
sleep. It was so cold.”
Tonight thousands more homeless young people will be
too scared to sleep. With your help, someone else can find
safety – and the hope of a brighter future – at Centrepoint.
So please sponsor a room for £12 a month today.
To donate visit Centrepoint.org.uk/JackScared
Your donation will go towards funding Centrepoint’s vital work with young people all year round providing accommodation and support.
We use models and change the names of the young people we work with to protect their identity; however all stories are true and as
told by the young person. Registered Charity No 292411.
NEWS
2-27
VOICES
14-18
TV
28-29
IQ
30-39
BUSINESS SPORT
40-41
47-56
i TUESDAY
3 APRIL 2018
21
PEOPLE
Malala returns
from visit to
‘most beautiful
place on earth’
By Munir Ahmed
IN ISLAMABAD
Malala Yousafzai (second from right) with her parents and brother near her home town of Mingora, during the family’s first trip back to Pakistan AFP/GETTY
Nobel Peace Prize winner Malala
Yousafzai left Pakistan yesterday,
ending a surprise visit to the country,
her first since being shot in 2012 by
Taliban militants who tried to kill her
for promoting girls’ education.
A smiling Ms Yousafzai, aged 20,
was seen with her parents at Benazir
Bhutto International Airport before
they boarded a plane to return to
London after the four-day visit.
Amid tight security, Ms Yousafzai earlier in the day left her hotel
in Islamabad, where she had stayed
for four days, in a convoy of vehicles
headed to the airport. The university
student thanked Pakistani officials
for giving her an army helicopter
over the weekend to fly to the Swat
Valley, once virtually under the control of militants, and to see her home
in the north-west town of Mingora.
After visiting Mingora on Saturday, Ms Yousafzai in a tweet said it
was “the most beautiful place on
earth” for her. AP
TRAVEL
TRAVEL
Slim down or sit at back of the plane,
airline tells larger passengers
By Simon Calder
Passengers with waists bigger than
56 inches have been banned from
business class by a Thai airline.
Thai Airways International,
known as THAI, is enforcing the
restrictions on its Boeing 787-9
“Dreamliner” fleet after fitting the
safety belts in its premium cabin
with airbags.
The idea is to meet strict requirements on passenger survivability
– preventing the traveller’s head impacting the back of the seat in front
in the event of sudden deceleration.
But passengers with a waist size
above 56 inches cannot fit within the
maximum travel of the belt.
Normally larger passengers are is-
sued with a safety belt extender. But order to be more comfortable.
the airbags must be centred over the
The restrictions were met with
traveller’s waist to be effective.
widespread criticism.
The maker says: “The
Thai activist Srisuwan
airbag deploys up and
Janya has threatened to
away from the seated
take the airline to court
passenger... pro over the new policies,
viding protection
calling them “disto the head, neck
criminatory” and
The limit, in inches,
and torso.”
“unconstitutional”.
on the waist size
An extender
Some airline obesof business-class
passengers on
would reduce the
ity policies decree
Thai
Airways
protection.
that if a passenger
International
The same restriction
doesn’t fit in a seat with
excludes a parent travelan extension seatbelt and
ling with an infant on their
the armrest down, they will
lap in business class.
be charged for two seats or removed
Other airlines encourage larger from the plane.
passengers to travel in business
Most airlines recommend that if
class rather than economy, in an oversized passenger thinks they
56
are too large for their seat, they
should purchase a second seat at the
time of the original booking – or buy
a ticket in first or business class.
Some airlines will offer a discount
on the second seat or refund the cost
if the plane isn’t full, but in many
cases obese passengers have to pay
twice the price as other fliers.
THE INDEPENDENT
A previous survey of
UK passengers found
four out of five people said they
wanted overweight passengers
to sit in special zones on the
plane that offered wider seats,
bigger aisles and more leg room.
ISRAEL
Netanyahu agrees to a deal on resettling African migrants
By May Bulman
Israel is to resettle thousands of African migrants in Western countries
instead of forcibly deporting them,
the Israeli government has said.
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said he had reached an “unprecedented understanding” with
the UN refugee agency in which
Israel will send more than 16,000
migrants to various Western countries willing to absorb them, with the
same number of people integrated
and granted official status in Israel.
Speaking on live television, he
said: “This is a unique agreement
between the UN commissioner
and the state of Israel, that takes
16,250 people out, takes them
out to developed countries like
Canada, or Germany and Italy.
“You take out 16,250 and we will
leave 16,250 as temporary residents.
That enables the departure of a very
large number of people, 6,000 in the
first 18 months.”
The new deal, which lifts the
threat of forced expulsion to an
unnamed African destination, is
set to be implemented over five
years. In January, the government said it would purchase tickets and give each migrant £2,500
to leave – threatening them with
arrest if they failed to comply.
This followed years of harassment
and arrests that Africans have faced
in Israel, with officials calling them
“infiltrators”. THE INDEPENDENT
Strikes affect
French air and
rail travel
By Simon Calder
Travellers heading to, from and
through France face chaos as strikes
disrupt rail and air links.
Railway workers are staging a series of two-day stoppages in protest
against planned labour reforms by
the national rail enterprise, SNCF.
The strikes, from today until
28 June, are each separated by three
days of working normally.
International overnight trains
between Paris and Milan are being
replaced by buses. The transalpine
journey of around 500 miles is likely
to take at least 12 hours.
The operator, Thello, offered “our
sincere apologies for the inconvenience caused by this strike over which
Thello has no control”.
Eurostar passengers are also feeling the effects. As a result of the action, 29 services from London to
Paris and Brussels for today and tomorrow have been cancelled, representing around 25,000 seats.
Railway workers are protesting
against labour reforms AFP/GETTY
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NEWS
NEWS
2-27
VOICES
14-18
TV
28-29
IQ
30-39
BUSINESS SPORT
40-41
47-56
i TUESDAY
3 APRIL 2018
23
INDIA
Baby snatched by monkey is found dead
By Rachel Roberts
A newborn baby has been found
dead in a well after being snatched
by a monkey in eastern India.
The baby was sleeping beside
his mother under a mosquito net
at home in the eastern state of Odisha on Friday when he was taken
by a rhesus macaque monkey. Local
media reported that the mother
woke to see the monkey carrying the
child away but was unable to get him
back from the fast-moving creature.
Police launched a frantic search
for the 16-day-old baby and the monkey, but the infant was discovered
drowned on Sunday in a neighbour’s
well in Talabasta village.
Authorities believe the monkey
may have dropped the boy in the
water and said he had no marks to
indicate he had been attacked. A
post-mortem examination showed
the infant died of asphyxia due to
drowning, the police said.
“Since there were no injury marks
on the baby, maybe the monkey
dropped him in the well. We hope
to catch the monkey within a week,”
local officer PC Pradhan told the
BBC. He said officers are
working with locals who
specialise in catching
monkeys. “While monkeys attacking humans
or entering houses
in search of food are
fairly common, this is
the first case in which
one has run away with a
baby,” he added.
Local media reports said
monkeys have become a growing
menace in the area where the child
was snatched. In March last year,
schools were closed in Odisha because of frequent
monkey attacks, the Hindustan Times reported.
Monkeys are considered a nuisance in
many areas of India,
often viciously attacking people for food. The
problem of rampaging
monkeys has become an
election issue in some villages
in the past decade, with politicians
urged to do more to protect prop-
erty and crops. Green activists say
the encroachment on the animal’s
natural habitats by ever-increasing
urban populations has created the
problem.
According to statistics
released by India’s
environment ministry, more
than 1,144 people have been
killed by wild animal attacks
between April 2014 and
May 2017.
ETHIOPIA
Youthful new
leader sworn in
with hope he will
ease tensions
By Elias Meseret
IN ADDIS ABABA
Young and outspoken Abiye Ahmed
was sworn in yesterday as Ethiopia’s
prime minister, amid hopes that he
will be able to quell the anti-government protests that have rocked Africa’s second most populous nation.
Mr Abiye was elected by Ethiopia’s
parliament, succeeding Hailemariam Desalegn, who resigned in midFebruary as a result of widespread
protests that have taken the lives of
several hundred people, mainly in
Oromia and Amhara regions.
“This is a historic moment,” said
Ethiopia-Eritrea conflict
1993 Eritrea gains independence
from Ethiopia, ending 30 years of war.
1998 A border conflict spirals into a
war lasting for two years, claiming
70,000 lives
2000 The Algiers agreement is
signed, bringing a formal end to the
conflict. The EU, UN and US signed as
witnesses.
2002 The Eritrea – Ethiopia
Boundary Commission (EEBC)
announces it is prepared to
oversee fixing the border.
2015 Ethiopia accuses
Eritrea of supporting
“anti-peace elements”
as anti-government
protests spread.
2016 Border
conflict breaks out
again as Ethiopia
and Eritrea
blame each other
for increased
hostilities.
2018 Abiye Ahmed
is sworn in as the new
Prime Minister of
Ethiopia.
Mr Abiye will be Ethiopia’s
third prime minister since
the former military junta, the
Derg, was overthrown in 1991.
Mr Abiye in his inaugural address to
Ethiopian politicians. “This is high
time for us to learn from our past mistakes and make up for all the wrongs
done in the past. We understand
there are a lot of problems that need
to be solved with great urgency.”
Mr Abiye apologised for the deaths
of civilians in the violent protests. He
said his administration will strive to
solve grievances by discussion rather
than by force, provide more space for
opposition parties, fight corruption
and focus on respect for the rule of
law. The new leader said he aims to
open up a fresh dialogue with Eritrea
and called upon Ethiopia’s diaspora
to take part more actively in the
country’s affairs.
Mr Abiye is the first Oromo politician to become Ethiopia’s prime
minister since the Ethiopian People’s
Revolutionary Democratic Front
came to power in 1991. It is hoped
that he will be able to bring an end
to the protests that have been
ongoing since late 2015 to press
for wider political freedoms and
the release of opposition figures. The Oromo people, the
largest ethnic group of Ethiopia’s 100 million people, have
long felt marginalised politically and economically.
A former lieutenant-colonel in the army and head of
Ethiopia’s science and
technology ministry,
Mr Abiye, 42, has a
reputation as
an effective
orator and
reformer. AP
Death toll in Gaza Strip protest rises to 18
Palestinian protesters try to evacuate an injured
person, during clashes with Israeli troops on the
border in the southern Gaza Strip yesterday.
The death toll from the violence along the border
rose to 18 when the health ministry in the enclave
confirmed that another Palestinian had died from his
wounds. More than 750 Palestinians were wounded by
Israeli fire in Friday’s protest, according to Gaza health
officials, making it the bloodiest day in Gaza since the
2014 Israel-Hamas war. REUTERS
WESTERN SAHARA
Morocco accuses UN of failing to stop fighters
By Amira El Masaiti
IN RABAT
Morocco’s government is threatening to take control of UN-monitored
buffer zones in Western Sahara
amid concerns the mission is failing
to keep out Polisario Front fighters.
The warning came as the UN is
preparing a report this week on
whether to extend its 27-year-old
peacekeeping mission for Western
Sahara, a territory claimed by both
Morocco and the Polisario.
Moroccan Foreign Minister
Nasser Bourita said that the Polisa-
rio recently moved members to the
UN-controlled areas of Bir Lehlou
and Tifariti. He also said Polisario
members are again entering the
Guerguerat area near the Mauritanian border, despite a UN-brokered
deal to leave after tensions erupted
there in 2016. AP
24
NEWS
Panorama
Around the
world in
10 stories
IN BEIRUT
AFGHANISTAN
Deadly floods
follow cyclone
Air strike hits
Taliban group
Floods caused by a tropical
cyclone that brought torrential
weekend rains to the Pacific
island nation of Fiji have killed
four people, with another
presumed drowned.
Tropical Cyclone Josie
caused severe flooding, with
the town of Ba on Fiji’s largest
island, Viti Levu, said to be the
worst hit.
Four bodies had been
retrieved and authorities do
not believe that the missing
person survived, according
to the Fiji National Disaster
Management Office. REUTERS
An Afghan forces air strike on a gathering of Taliban representatives in
the northern province of Kunduz yesterday caused numerous casualties,
including civilians.
Abdul Hameed Hameedi, a local
police official, said the strike in
Dasht-i Archi district, outside Kunduz city, hit a gathering of Taliban
fighters preparing an operation, killing 15 and wounding 10.
He said there also appeared to be
civilian casualties but failed to give
any further details.
Local residents said the strike had
hit a mosque and that a number of civilians had been killed. REUTERS
Seven killed as
Dalits set fire to
police posts
By Suchitra Mohanty
and Derek Francis
IN NEW DELHI
At least seven people were
killed yesterday as protesters
led by India’s Dalits set fire to
police posts and blocked railway
tracks after the Supreme Court
Main rebel faction leaving
Eastern Ghouta stronghold
By Philip Issa
FIJI
INDIA
SYRIA
barred the immediate arrest of
people accused of discriminating
against them, local media said.
Four people were killed in the
central state of Madhya Pradesh,
where police also imposed
a curfew, Indian television
channels reported. Three others
were killed in other states.
Prime Minister Narendra
Modi’s government submitted a
review petition to the Supreme
Court yesterday, asking it to
amend the 20 March judgment
that sparked the protests, Home
Minister Rajnath Singh said in a
televised interview. REUTERS
The most powerful Syrian rebel
faction on the fringes of Damascus
began abandoning its stronghold
in the once rebel-held enclave of
Eastern Ghouta yesterday, setting
the stage for the final chapter of the
Bashar al-Assad regime’s relentless
offensive to fully retake the area after
seven years of revolt.
The first fighters from the Jaish
al-Islam left the town of Douma in
the morning hours as part of an
evacuation deal that will hand the
town to the Syrian government,
reported the state news agency.
Louisiana
Connected to the marshes and
moss-laced bayous of southern
Louisiana by two miles of
narrow causeway, waters
lapping high on each side, Isle
de Jean Charles takes you as
far into the Gulf of Mexico as
you can go without falling in.
But the dolour in the salt air
is not just about loneliness
and separation. It’s about
impending demise.
Marking the kick-off of
what will be the first climate
resettlement in the US, land
has been chosen an hour’s
drive to the north for a whole
new town. No one will force
them exactly, but the intention
is clear: to evacuate those still
living on the island to the new
site before it is too late.
When that will be depends
on whom you ask. But no
one disputes that the island
is sinking, thanks to a
combination of subsidence
and rising sea levels. Where
there were 22,000 acres in
1955 there are only 320 acres
today. Climate change isn’t
helping, but the principal
problem traces back to the
Great Mississippi Flood of 1927
when the corps of engineers
responded by building giant
levees to constrain the river.
The vanishing of Isle de Jean
Charles might take another
decade or even five. On the
other hand, one more big storm
could finally end its viability
for human occupation for good.
THE INDEPENDENT
David Usborne
The rebels were headed to
Jarablus, a town in northern Syria
where control of the territory is
shared between Syrian rebels
Germans
honour
St George
People donned
traditional clothing
for the annual Easter
Monday Georgi-Ritt
mounted procession in
Bavaria yesterday.
Hundreds of riders
made their way from
Traunstein’s main
square to the nearby
chapel at Ettendorf
and back to honour
Saint George in a
tradition that goes back
centuries. GETTY
INDIA
Kashmir paralysed by strike and security clampdown
A security clampdown and a strike
sponsored by separatists fighting
against Indian rule shut down most
of Indian-administered Kashmir yesterday, a day after protests and fierce
fighting killed 16 combatants and four
civilians. Armed police and paramilitary soldiers in riot gear fanned
out across the region and patrolled
streets in anticipation of anti-India
protests and clashes.
Authorities also imposed a curfew
in some towns in southern Kashmir
and in the old parts of the disputed
region’s main city of Srinagar, the
urban centre of protests and clashes
against Indian rule.
Shops and businesses closed
in other areas where no security
restrictions were in place. Separatist
leaders who challenge India’s
sovereignty over Kashmir called
for a shutdown yesterday to protest
against the killings. AP
SPAIN
UNITED STATES
MALAYSIA
By Aijaz Hussain
IN SRINAGAR
Postcard
From...
Assad regime soldiers in the former
rebel-held town of Jobar GETTY
and Turkish forces. The Syrian
government dispatched more than
50 buses to Douma to take the
rebels out, Sana agency reported. By
midday, only a handful had left for the
north in three buses.
There was no immediate
comment from Jaish al-Islam.
Local activists have said that over
100,000 civilians were trapped
inside Douma, which suffered
devastating damage.
The most recent Syrian air and
ground offensive on Eastern Ghouta,
supported by the Russian military
and Iran-backed militias, has killed
at least 1,600 people, according to
monitoring groups. AP
Elephant killed in Court victory
Critics oppose
motorway crash for Palestinians fake news law
Five elephants forced the closure
of a motorway in south-eastern
Spain after escaping from a
crashed vehicle.
One of the elephants died from
injuries that it sustained, while
two others were hurt. The injured
animals had to be lifted to safety
by crane. The incident, near
Albacete in Murcia, involved a
circus lorry.
The driver of the truck involved
in the crash was not injured. AP
The Palestinian Authority and
Palestine Liberation Organisation
gained a legal victory at the US
Supreme Court yesterday as it
refused to consider reinstating a
$655.5m (£467m) jury award won
against them by 11 American families
over militant attacks in Israel.
The court declined to hear the
families’ appeal of a lower court’s 2016
ruling throwing out the jury award
secured in a lawsuit brought under
the Anti-Terrorism Act. REUTERS
Malaysia approved a law against
“fake news” yesterday, shrugging
off critics who said it was aimed
at curbing dissent and free speech
ahead of a general election in
the country.
Prime Minister Najib Razak’s
government secured a simple
majority in parliament to pass the
Anti-Fake News 2018 bill, which
sets out fines of up to £87,000 and
a maximum six years in jail for
offenders. REUTERS
NEWS
2-27
VOICES
14-18
TV
28-29
IQ
30-39
BUSINESS SPORT
40-41
47-56
i TUESDAY
3 APRIL 2018
25
SCIENCE
Fiery end for China’s out-of-control space lab
By Andrew Griffin
An out-of-control Chinese space station has finally plummeted to Earth,
burning up safely – for the most part
– as it entered the atmosphere.
China suggested that some of the
satellite could find its way into the
South Pacific. But most of the defunct
space lab came to a fiery end as it fell
yesterday morning.
Brad Tucker, an astrophysicist at
Australian National University, said
the remnants of Tiangong-1 appeared
to have landed about 62 miles northwest of Tahiti.
The 8.5-ton Tiangong-1 space station mostly burnt up over the Pacific
Ocean after re-entering Earth’s atmosphere at around 1.15am.
Along with scientists at China’s
space agency, teams from around the
world monitored the lab’s final minutes as it descended at 16,000 miles
per hour.
Experts said the likelihood of debris striking anyone on the ground
was “extremely small”, but precisely
where the remains would land was
unknown.
The European Space Agency said
the space lab entered the atmosphere
“not too far from the uninhabited area
that is typically used for controlled
re-entries”.
Jonathan McDowell, an astronomer at the Harvard-Smithsonian
Centre for Astrophysics, said that
variations in the atmosphere made
it tricky to predict where and when it
would re-enter and burn up.
“As this thing is flying at 26,000km
an hour around the Earth, it’s skimming the atmosphere,” he told the
BBC. “There is a headwind that’s
blowing it around and you don’t know
one day to the next how much wind
there is going to be.”
With accommodation for two astronauts, China’s first space station
Tiangong-1
Diameter
Launched
29 September 2011, but stopped
working in 2016
Pacific
Ocean
3.35m (11.0ft)
8,506kg
(18,753lb)
Length
10.4m (34.1ft)
Fiji
Tahiti
New Zealand
Tiangong-1, which
translates as “celestial
palace”, was used for practising
docking manoeuvres and
techniques. Two astronauts
visited in 2012 and 2013.
Mass
The space station broke up
on re-entering Earth’s
atmosphere over the Pacific
Ocean, northwest of Tahiti,
yesterday at 1:16a.m. BST.
SOURCE: USSTRATCOM
blasted into orbit in 2011.China’s
space agency lost contact with it
in 2016, leaving it gradually falling to Earth on an uncontrolled
“decaying orbit”.
The China Manned Space Engineering Office said that most of
the 34ft-long, 11ft-wide space station’s components were vapourised
during re-entry.
The US Joint Force Space Component Command also confirmed that
Tiangong-1 had re-entered the atmosphere over the South Pacific after coordinating with counterparts around
the world. THE INDEPENDENT
CONSUMER
COSTA RICA
8 da
half-boys
from onard
ly
X-plane set to
Pro same-sex marriage
new era
candidate wins by landslide herald
in air travel
By Javier Cordoba
IN SAN JOSE
Voters gave a resounding “no” to
an evangelical pastor who rose to
political prominence by campaigning against same-sex marriage,
allowing Costa Rica’s governing party to win an easy
presidential victory.
While polls had indicated Sunday’s runoff would be tight, it
was not even close.
Carlos Alvarado, a
novelist and former
cabinet minister running for the ruling Citizen Action Party, won by a
wide margin.
The Supreme Electoral Council
said that with 95 per cent of ballots counted late on Sunday, Carlos
Alvarado had 60.8 per cent of the
votes, and evangelical Fabricio Alvarado, of the National Restoration
party, had 39.2 per cent. The two
men are not related.
Fabricio Alvarado (inset) was
One-minute Wijuko
9
11
6
13
14
9
9
Solution: minurl.co.uk/i
How to play Place 1 – 9 once
in the grid, obeying the sums
between pairs of squares
viewed as political also-ran when
he entered the presidential contest, although he was well-known
for his evangelism and for working on one of Costa Rica’s main TV
newscasts.
However, he spoke out strongly
against a call by the InterAmerican Court of
Human Rights for Costa
Rica to allow samesex marriage and he
finished first in the
election’s first round
in February.
Carlos Alvarado,
who finished second to
get the final spot in the
run-off, spoke in favour of
same-sex marriage.
After his victory was declared,
Mr Alvarado wrote on his Twitter
account: “Let’s celebrate our 200
years of Independence with a government worthy and up-to-date
with the times.
“Today, the world is watching us
and we sent a beautiful democratic
message.” AP
In Saturday’s
Four-page
e
puzzles
pull-out
£899pp
By Rachel Roberts
Aviation enthusiasts are anticipating a “quietly supersonic” revolution in air travel will be unveiled by
Nasa in Washington today.
The space agency’s plans for
its experimental X-plane promise
to make air travel faster than the
speed of sound but without the
“boom” of previous generation
planes such as Concorde.
The X-Plane will produce low
booms that will sound like “a
thump or a heartbeat,” said David
Richwine, a project manager for
the prototype.
The X-plane, also known as the
Low-Boom Flight Demonstrator
(LBFD), is scheduled to make its
first test flight as early as 2021.
It “would open a new market for
US companies to build faster commercial airliners, creating jobs and
cutting cross-country flight times
in half,” Nasa said in its budget request to the White House, approved
by the Trump administration.
Dubrovnik, Montenegro
& the Dalmatian Coast
Departures up to October 2018
from a selection of regional airports
Your tour includes...
✓ Guided tour of Dubrovnik the ‘Pearl of the Adriatic’
✓ Visit to Krka National Park and its series of stunning waterfalls and lakes
✓ Visit to Mostar, with its iconic bridge
✓ Tour of beautiful, unspoilt Montenegro with visits to the UNESCO-listed
towns of Perast and Kotor
✓ Guided tour of Split including entrance to the Emperor Diocletian’s
monumental palace, one of the greatest of ancient Roman structures
✓ Visit to medieval Trogir, one of Dalmatia’s most seductive old ports
✓ Tour the Dalmatian coastline, studded with Venetian influenced villages
✓ Return flights from a selection of regional airports, plus all hotel transfers
✓ Seven nights’ four-star hotel accommodation, with breakfast and dinner
✓ The services of our experienced and
insightful tour manager throughout
Prices are based on two people sharing and are correct at time of print. Single
supplements may apply. This holiday is operated by and subject to booking
conditions of Riviera Travel, ABTA V4744 ATOL 3430 protected. Subject to
availability. Additional entrance cost may apply. Images used in conjunction with
Riviera Travel. For further information please write to Riviera Travel, New Manor,
328 Wetmore Road, Burton upon Trent, Staffs, DE14 1SP.
For more information or to book,
please call: 01283 523447
www.ipariviera.co.uk
ABTA No. V4744
26
NEWS
TECHNOLOGY
My advice to you
after testing my DNA
How useful are the results in your
everyday life, asks Elizabeth Anderson
I
have a high sensitivity to
carbohydrates and salt, but
caffeine is unlikely to affect me
and I have a low chance of being
lactose intolerant. I am prone to
muscle injuries when doing exercise,
but the good news is my recovery
time is likely to be fast.
These are just some of the
things I have learned about my
genetic profile by doing a simple
mouth swab, after I joined the
increasing numbers of people
using DNA testing kits. Starting at
less than £100, they are becoming
big business in the UK as we seek
more information about our health,
our food habits and our ancestry.
Some are even being used by dating
companies to test the suitability of
potential suitors. But are they really
any use?
The kits are simple to use. You
spend two minutes running a piece
of cotton wool along the inside of
your mouth. The cotton pad is then
put in a test tube and sent off to
specialists, with results typically
coming back two weeks later.
DNA testing has not yet gone
mainstream, so there are little
data on the size of the industry.
Beyond the obvious popularity
of paternity tests, many buyers
seem to be enticed by the chance to
learn more about their ancestors.
Recent high-profile cases have
demonstrated how genetic
genealogy has progressed.
One 80-year-old woman, Anthea
Ring, who was abandoned on a
hillside at nine months, was recently
able to identify her parents after
taking a DNA test.
But testing has gone beyond
simple curiosity. Some tests can
predict if you have a higher risk of
developing serious conditions, such
as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s, or
if you are a carrier for hereditary
conditions. Others will tell you how
much fibre your body needs to be
healthy and whether you should be
consuming more vitamin D.
MyDNA, which recently started
selling diet-focused kits through
Lloyds Pharmacy in the UK, says
around 80 per cent of its customers
are women and half are between the
ages of 40 and 60.
Sergey Musienko, founder of
Atlas Biomed, another DNA testing
company, believes the majority of
people are doing tests simply to
find out more about their heritage.
He predicts that in a few years,
everyone will have their DNA
tested at birth and will test their
microbiome (bacteria in the gut)
annually. “These tests give us a full
picture of individual health,” he
says. “Drugs will be really effective
for some people, but not for others.
This will lead to a world of truly
personalised medication.”
DNA testing is becoming more
popular in sport, and now forms
HEALTH
Goodbye, winter. Hello
sneezes, broken sleep
and streaming eyes
Hay fever sufferers face their annual
struggle, writes Abi Jackson
S
pring is finally arriving,
thank goodness. But
for hay fever sufferers,
the end of wintry
weather can bring some
unpleasant symptoms.
Pollen is carried in the air and
will stick to just about everything –
clothes, shoes, hair, skin, pets – so
it’s inevitable that some of the pesky
particles will end up infiltrating your
home too. Cue broken sleep, rotten
evenings and starting the day with
streaming eyes before you’ve even
set foot outside. Here are some tips
that can help.
NEWS
2-27
VOICES
14-18
TV
28-29
Testing kits
n Atlas Biomed offers a microbiome
test for £139 to test the health of
your gut.
n MyDNA has a diet test, priced
at £59.
n DNAFit combines diet testing with
a genetic assessment for £249.
n AncestryDNA is a leader in the
heritage testing market, with a kit
retailing at £79.
n 23andme has a combined health
and ancestry service, including
carrier status for inherited
conditions, costing £149.
part of the induction procedure for
high-end gyms and fitness clubs.
3 St James’s Square, a private
members’ club in the heart of
Mayfair, uses DNA data to create a
tailored diet and fitness programme
for its members.
“We wanted a level of service
that exceeds anything else in the
industry. It allows personal training
sessions to get off on the right
foot,” says Mark Chambers, one of
the club’s owners. Legacy Luxury
Wellness, the company behind 3
St James’s Square, aims to open
another 10 to 15 clubs over the next
decade as demand for personalised
fitness programmes grows.
By doing a test, I hoped to learn
more about my health and fitness.
I’ve never had problems drinking
milk but I was curious to know if I
had any other dietary issues.
But I’m not sure I’m any wiser.
While the results told me I had a
higher-than-average risk of being
coeliac, it can’t actually say whether
I am (I’m certain I’m not). The only
way of testing if someone is coeliac is
by doing a blood test and a biopsy.
This is a criticism many have with
the tests. A friend who has taken
DNA tests with three companies
says each one came back with
different results. One said she
had a high chance of being lactose
intolerant, but the other two said
her genetic makeu-p suggests she’s
fine with dairy.
Timothy Spector, professor of
genetic epidemiology at King’s
College London and author of The
Diet Myth, says people doing the
tests should treat the results with a
degree of scepticism.
“Our studies of identical twins
have shown the weakness of DNA
testing for common problems,” he
says. “Many twins have different
food allergies despite identical
genes. Several have lactose
intolerance genes but can drink
milk happily. Gene testing is not
precise and ignores other key
factors like gut microbes, which
may prove to be more predictive of
common problems.”
Companies behind DNA tests
say they work best when used in
conjunction with other tests – for
example, you should have both a
fitness and health DNA test done for
comprehensive results. But this is
more expensive and the results are
unlikely to prove conclusive.
There’s no doubt the potential for
DNA testing is significant. It could
one day help us to identify serious
health problems from birth. But
there is still a long way to go before
they can be used effectively to help
consumers in their everyday lives.
1. KEEP WINDOWS CLOSED AS
MUCH AS POSSIBLE
4. INVEST IN AN AIR PURIFIER
6. UP YOUR VACUUMING GAME
A digital representation
of the human genome,
which includes markers
for serious disease such
as Alzheimer’s GETTY
This is especially important in early
morning, when pollen is released,
and in the evening, when the air
cools and pollens that have been
carried up into the air begin to
fall to ground level again.
Daily pollen forecasts can
help you to judge when
it’s best to let some
air through.
2. WASH CURTAINS
AND FABRIC COVERS
There’s no set rule as to
how often you should do
this, but if your symptoms are
flaring up while you’re at home, a
thorough clean is probably in order.
3. DON’T HANG LAUNDRY TO
DRY OUTDOORS
By the time it’s dry, your laundry
could be coated in pollen.
Keeping the windows closed and
drying your laundry indoors is
not exactly a recipe for a nice, airy
indoor environment. But it’s claimed
that a quality air purifier such as the
Vax Pure Air 300 Air Purifier
(£279.96) can remove 99 per
cent of harmful particles
from the air, including
not only pollen but dust
and pet dander, which
are often a trigger for
people with hay fever.
5. DE-POLLEN YOUR
PETS BEFORE THEY
COME INDOORS
Pollen can stick to their fur. To
prevent them traipsing this all over
your house, transferring it to your
sofa, carpets and bedding, Allergy
UK recommends wiping their coats
with a damp microfibre cloth before
they come in.
Don’t just do the floors; run the
vacuum cleaner across soft
furnishings, sofas, cushions,
curtains and beds if required too,
and look for a vacuum with a HEPA
(High Efficiency Particle Arresting)
filter, such as the Miele Blizzard
CX1 Comfort PowerLine, retailing
at £410.
7. HAVE AN ARRIVING-HOME
WASH RITUAL
Pollen can stick to skin and hair, so
a speedy shower will help prevent
you sitting with it for the rest of the
evening, and transferring it to your
sofa and bed. Keep your shoes and
jacket by the front door, or shut
away in a closed-off utility room or
cloakroom.
8. AVOID MOWING THE LAWN
If you have to do it, wear a
filtration mask.
IQ
30-39
BUSINESS SPORT
40-41
47-56
i TUESDAY
3 APRIL 2018
27
SOCIETY
The undercover
police officer’s
spying manual
Advice includes not washing clothes
too often. By Conrad Landin
Y
ou can get handbooks
for anything these
days – even the dark
world of undercover
policing. Recently
published for the first time without
heavy redactions, the Special
Demonstration Squad’s “tradecraft
manual” offers a glimpse into the
lives of controversial police spies.
Released by the Undercover
Policing Inquiry, the document
was written by Andy Coles – the
brother of the broadcaster Richard
Coles. Andy Coles served as an
SDS operative between 1991 and
1995, and later became deputy
police and crime commissioner of
Cambridgeshire.
He resigned from that post
last year after he was accused of
deceiving a woman into a sexual
relationship while he was on
undercover duty – a claim the
Conservative councillor denies.
Coles was deployed to gather
intelligence on groups including
people he has since described
as “some of the most committed
and violent animal liberation
extremists” – and he used this
experience to write the guide on
how to lead a double life.
You will be expected to
drink tea from cups which
appear to have grown their
own beards
“By tradition,” he wrote in the
1995 manual, new officers would
“spend hours and hours… leafing
through death certificates” to find
a “duff” identity. Officers would
typically find a child who had
died and locate the deceased’s
family, to be certain the activists
they were targeting would not
encounter them.
However, with birth and death
records being computerised in the
1990s – making it easier to search
them – Coles notes the possibility
of having a “completely false
identity made up for you”, which
became SDS practice.
Next was convincing your
“wearies” that you were just an
average political activist. “For men
the addition of a beard and glasses,
an earring and radically different
haircut will make the probability of
recognition at a later date almost
nil,” he wrote. Pictures of Coles as
“Andy Davey”, his animal rights
persona, show this was indeed the
disguise he adopted himself.
He advocated “being a little
untidy, smelly and rumpled” to fit
in – warning that “the smell of fresh
clothing from a suburban washing
line” may arouse suspicion when
claiming to live in a bedsit and
The smell of clothes from a washing
line may arouse suspicions if you
claim to live in a bedsit AFP/GETTY
occasionally frequenting the
high-street launderette. Some
activist groups had become highly
suspicious of police moles, so
it was important for officers to
have a strong back story, Coles
stressed. “Mainstream pressure
groups” such as Greenpeace, Peta
and Searchlight could provide
a convincing stepping stone to
radical action.
Coles suggested officers “refer to
a particularly unpleasant event in
your life which has forced you into
getting off your bum”.
Infiltrating “crusty low-life”
anarchist groups required a
tolerance of a “really unpleasant”
lifestyle. “You will be expected
to eat food you wouldn’t put in
your own bin, drink tea from cups
which appear to have grown their
own beards and sit on furniture
which is alive.” As for Coles’ own
animal rights field, entry could
not be achieved without being a
“committed vegan”.
The officer then discusses
“the thorny issue of romantic
entanglements”, writing: “While
it is not my place to moralise, one
should try and avoid the opposite
sex for as long as possible.”
But he acknowledged a “lack of
interest may become suspicious”,
and if left with no other option,
it was best to “have fleeting,
disastrous relationships”.
The manual warns that
spies often experienced “post
traumatic stress syndrome” after
deployments of four or five years.
Those who went on to work outside
Special Branch were “expected to
avoid any contact with the press
and take no part in any publicity”.
Coles, who until recently
served as press officer for the
Peterborough Conservatives, is
probably now wishing that he had
followed his own advice.
Television Tuesday 3 April
CRITIC’S
CHOICE
GERARD GILBERT
===
PICK OF THE DAY
Cunk On Britain
10pm, BBC2
Actress Diane Morgan (left) returns
as her alter-ego, the brilliantly
ignorant Philomena Cunk, who has
inexplicably been given her own BBC
history series about “how we got
from ancient man to Ed Sheeran”.
Starting with the Big Bang (“it was
probably deafening”) and gleefully
aping the tropes of history TV, Cunk
interviews academics and media
stars seemingly too busy to have
watched her previous outings and
who only slowly realise that they are
being sent up Ali G-style, from Tom
Holland and Neil Oliver to Robert
Peston, whom she thoroughly rattles
with the question: “What’s the most
political thing that’s ever happened
in Britain?”
The Great Celebrity Bake Off
For Stand Up To Cancer
8pm, Channel 4
The last time I’ll have to write that
mouthful of a title and the final
quartet of famous bakers includes
Desperate Housewives actress Teri
Hatcher, comedians Alan Carr and
Aisling Bea and Paralympian
Kadeena Cox. Muffin-making is the
signature challenge.
===
BBC Young Musician
– Forty Years Young
8pm, BBC4
It may be tucked away on BBC4 now
(starting again on Friday), but at its
inception, the biennial BBC Young
Musician was on BBC1 and “the X
Factor of its day”, according to cellist
Julian Webber, one of the judges in
1980. Actually, it has probably done
more to kickstart sustained careers
than Simon Cowell. We meet such
illustrious past winners as violinist
Nicola Benedetti and follow the
fortunes of the 2016 finalists.
===
Come Home
9pm, BBC1
In last week’s opening episode of
Danny Brocklehurst’s drama, we
saw the point of view of Greg
(Christopher Eccleston), whose wife
Marie had suddenly walked out on
him and their three children. Now, in
fragmentary fashion, we get Marie’s
side of the story, beginning with her
lying to colleagues about being
childless. It all gets more twisted and
shocking from thereon in.
6.00 Flog It! Trade Secrets
(R) (S). 6.30 Money For
Nothing (R) (S). 7.15
Bargain Hunt (R) (S). 8.00
Sign Zone: Hugh’s Wild
West (R) (S). 9.00 Victoria
Derbyshire (S). 11.00 BBC
Newsroom Live (S). 11.30
Westminster In Review
(S). 12.00 Golf: Masters
2017 Review (S). 1.00 The
Super League Show (S).
1.45 Plan It, Build It (R) (S).
2.15 Trust Me, I’m A Vet (R)
(S). 3.15 Indian Ocean With
Simon Reeve (R) (S). 4.15
Patagonia: Earth’s Secret
Paradise (R) (S). 5.15 Put
Your Money Where Your
Mouth Is (R) (S).
6.00 Good Morning
Britain (S). 8.30 Lorraine
(S). 9.25 The Jeremy Kyle
Show (R) (S). 10.30 This
Morning (S). 12.30 Loose
Women (S). 1.30 ITV News;
Weather (S). 1.55 ITV
Regional News; Weather
(S). 2.00 Judge Rinder (S).
3.00 Dickinson’s Real Deal
(R) (S). 3.59 ITV Regional
Weather (S). 4.00 Tipping
Point (S). 5.00 The Chase
(S).
6.00 Countdown (R) (S).
6.45 3rd Rock From The
Sun (R) (S). 7.35 Everybody
Loves Raymond (R) (S).
8.00 Everybody Loves
Raymond (R) (S). 8.30
Frasier (R) (S). 9.00 Frasier
(R) (S). 9.35 Frasier (R) (S).
10.05 Ramsay’s Kitchen
Nightmares USA (R) (S).
11.00 The Simpsons (R)
(S). 11.30 The Simpsons (R)
(S). 12.00 Channel 4 News
Summary (S). 12.05 Come
Dine With Me (R) (S). 1.05
Posh Pawnbrokers (R) (S).
2.10 Countdown (S). 3.00 A
Place In The Sun: Summer
Sun (R) (S). 4.00 A New
Life In The Sun (R) (S). 5.00
Four In A Bed (R) (S). 5.30
Star Boot Sale (S).
6.00 Milkshake! 9.15 The
Wright Stuff (S). 11.15
Can’t Pay? We’ll Take It
Away! (R) (S). 12.10 5 News
Lunchtime (S). 12.15 GPs:
Behind Closed Doors (R)
(S). 1.10 Access (S). 1.15
Home And Away (S).
1.45 Neighbours (S). 2.15
NCIS (R) (S). 3.15 FILM:
Abducting Zoe (Conor
Allyn 2014) Crime drama,
starring Sammi Hanratty
(S). 5.00 5 News At 5 (R) (S).
5.30 Neighbours (R) (S).
6.00 BBC News At
Six; Weather (S).
6.30 BBC Regional
News; Weather
(S).
6.00 Eggheads (S).
6.30 The Repair
Shop A piano
stool, a vintage
telephone and
a lantern are
restored (R) (S).
6.00 ITV Regional
News; Weather
(S).
6.30 ITV News;
Weather (S).
6.00 The Simpsons
Marge loses
all memory of
Homer (R) (S).
6.30 Hollyoaks (R) (S).
6.00 Home And Away
Colby’s secret
past is revealed
(R) (S).
6.30 5 News Tonight
(S).
7.00 Attenborough’s
Wonder Of
Eggs David
Attenborough
reveals the
secrets of birds’
eggs (R) (S).
7.00 Emmerdale
Bob and Laurel
tell one lie too
many (S).
7.30 100 Year Old
Driving School
(S).
7.00 Channel 4 News
(S).
7pm
7.00 The One Show
(S).
7.30 EastEnders
Ted’s daughter
Judith arrives
and tries to take
control (S).
7.00 The Yorkshire
Vet Casebook
Julian Norton
has problems
with a highland
cow (S).
7.00 Beyond 100
Days (S).
7.30 Nature’s
Microworlds
The ecosystem
of the African
Serengeti (R) (S).
8pm
8.00 Holby City
Roxanna
questions
Gaskell’s
motives when
he takes on a
new case (S).
8.00 Great Indian
Railway
Journeys
Michael Portillo
travels from
Mysuru to
Chennai (S).
8.00 Paul O’Grady:
For The Love Of
Dogs – Best In
Show The best
episodes from
the first five
series (R) (S).
8.00 The Great
Celebrity Bake
Off For Stand
Up To Cancer
With Teri
Hatcher. Last in
the series (S).
8.00 Secrets Of The
National Trust
With Alan
Titchmarsh The
presenter visits
Castle Ward in
Co. Down (S).
8.00 BBC Young
Musician –
Forty Years
Young A look
back at this
influential
competition (S).
9pm
9.00 Come Home
Marie finds
herself in
the depths of
despair (S).
9.00 Hospital
Cameras follow
head and neck
surgeon David
Grant (S).
9.00 Last Laugh In
Vegas New
series. British
showbusiness
stars put on
their dream gig
in Nevada (S).
9.15 Seven Year
Switch The
four couples
write letters
to help save
their failing
relationships (S).
9.00 Everest: World’s
Greatest
Mountain New
series. Iconic
mountains,
beginning with
Everest (S).
9.00 The Story
Of The Jews
Simon Schama
explores the
history of the
Jewish people
(R) (S).
10.00BBC News At
Ten (S).
10.30 BBC Regional
News; Weather
(S).
10.45 This Country (S).
10.00Cunk On
Britain New
series. Comedy
documentary,
starring Diane
Morgan (S).
10.30 Newsnight (S).
10.00ITV News At Ten
(S).
10.30 ITV Regional
News (S).
10.45 The Real Full
Monty: Ladies’
Night (R) (S).
10.20 Gogglebox The
households’
opinions
on recent
television (R) (S).
10.00FILM: Sabotage
(David Ayer
2014) Action
thriller (S).
10.00Why The
Industrial
Revolution
Happened Here
(R) (S).
11.15 R Kelly:
Sex, Girls &
Videotapes Ben
Zand explores
allegations
against the R&B
star (S).
11.15 Pilgrimage:
The Road To
Santiago The
celebrities near
the end of their
journey. Last in
the series (R) (S).
12.15 BBC News (S).
12.15 Sign Zone: Great
British Railway Journeys
(R) (S). 12.45 MasterChef (R)
(S). 1.45 Murder, Mystery
And My Family (R) (S).
2.30 Celebrity Antiques
Road Trip (R) (S). 3.30
This Is BBC Two (S).
Daytime
6.00 Breakfast (S). 9.15
Oxford Street Revealed
(R) (S). 10.00 Homes Under
The Hammer (R) (S). 11.00
The Sheriffs Are Coming
(R) (S). 11.45 Claimed And
Shamed (S). 12.15 Bargain
Hunt (S). 1.00 BBC News
At One; Weather (S). 1.30
BBC Regional News;
Weather (S). 1.45 Moving
On (R) (S). 2.30 Escape To
The Continent (R) (S). 3.30
Money For Nothing (S).
4.15 Flog It! (R) (S). 5.15
Pointless (S).
6pm
10pm
11pm
Late
11.20 Indian Summer
School Five
British boys
spend six
months at an
Indian boarding
school (R) (S).
12.05 Heathrow: Britain’s
Busiest Airport (R) (S).
12.55 Jackpot247 3.00
Loose Women (R). 3.50
ITV Nightscreen 5.05 The
Jeremy Kyle Show (R) (S).
12.20 Ramsay’s Kitchen
Nightmares USA 1.10
Britain’s Favourite Food
2.05 The Million Pound
Holiday Club 3.00 George
Clarke’s Amazing Spaces
3.55 Building The Dream
4.50 The Question Jury
12.10 Police Interceptors
1.10 SuperCasino 3.10
Inside Manchester’s
Midland Hotel 4.00 The
Railways That Built
Britain 4.45 House Doctor
5.10 Great Artists 5.35
Wildlife SOS
===
Hospital
9pm, BBC2
Nottingham University Hospitals
should have four face and neck
oncologists but have only two – and
one of those is considering quitting
because of unrealistic government
targets. “The job I want to do, I can’t
do it in the NHS because of the
pressure we’re under all the time,”
says surgeon David Grant, as he
prepares to operate on 75-year-old
Freda, who has a worrying lump in
her thyroid gland, and four-year-old
Poppy, who has a brain tumour.
===
Last Laugh In Vegas
9pm ITV
In the latest entry in the already
tired-looking genre of packing off
Marie’s side of the story
is told in ‘Come Home’
9pm, BBC1
Kadeena Cox competes
in the final ‘Great
Celebrity Bake Off For
Stand Up To Cancer’
8pm, Channel 4
6.00 The Planet’s Funniest
Animals (R) (S). 6.20
Totally Bonkers Guinness
World Records (R) (S). 7.10
Who’s Doing The Dishes?
(R) (S). 7.55 Emmerdale (R)
(S). 8.20 Coronation Street
(R) (S). 9.25 The Ellen
DeGeneres Show (R) (S).
10.10 FILM: The Smurfs
2 (Raja Gosnell 2013)
Fantasy comedy sequel,
starring Hank Azaria (S).
12.15 Emmerdale (R) (S).
12.45 Coronation Street
(R) (S). 1.15 Coronation
Street (R) (S). 1.45 The
Ellen DeGeneres Show (S).
2.35 The Jeremy Kyle Show
(R) (S). 3.40 The Jeremy
Kyle Show (R) (S). 4.50
Judge Rinder (R) (S). 5.50
Take Me Out (R) (S).
Cannon and Ball have
a laugh In Las Vegas
9pm, ITV
6.50 FILM: Last
Holiday (Wayne
Wang 2006)
Comedy,
starring Queen
Latifah (S).
7.00 You’ve Been
Framed! Gold
Comical clips
(R) (S).
7.30 You’ve Been
Framed! Gold
(R) (S).
8.00 Two And A Half
Men (R) (S).
8.30 Two And A Half
Men Alan leaves
the stress clinic
(R) (S).
9.00 FILM: The Last
Witch Hunter
(Breck Eisner
2015) Fantasy
adventure,
starring Vin
Diesel (S).
9.00 FILM:
Bridesmaids
(Paul Feig
2011) Comedy,
starring Kristen
Wiig (S).
11.00 Bullseyes
And Beer –
When Darts
Hit Britain:
Timeshift A look
at the history of
darts (R) (S).
11.05 FILM: The Grand
Budapest Hotel
(Wes Anderson
2014) comedy
drama, starring
Ralph Fiennes
(S).
11.35 Family Guy Joe
decides to get a
leg transplant
(R) (S).
12.00 Francesco’s Italy
Top To Toe (R) (S). 1.00 Top
Of The Pops: 1983 (R) (S).
2.10 What Do Artists Do
All Day? (R) (S). 2.40 The
Ruth Ellis Files: A Very
British Crime Story (R) (S).
3.40 Close
1.10 FILM: The Social
Network (David Fincher
2010) Fact-based drama,
starring Jesse Eisenberg
(S). 3.35 Close
12.05 Family Guy (R) (S).
12.35 American Dad! (R)
(S). 1.05 American Dad! (R)
(S). 1.30 Celebrity Juice:
Easter Special (R) (S). 2.15
Teleshopping 5.45 ITV2
Nightscreen
NEWS
2-27
older celebrities to distant climes,
nine British stars of the 1960s, 1970s
and 1980s (Su Pollard, Anita Harris,
pianist Bobby Crush, singer Kenny
Lynch and Cannon and Ball among
them) are given the chance to put on
their dream gig in Las Vegas.
FILM
CHOICE
LAURENCE PHELAN
===
This Country
10.45pm, BBC1
It’s Kerry Mucklowe’s birthday, but
with estranged dad Martin unwilling
to sign her card (“I don’t want to be
emotionally implicated”) and Kerry
having sold all her future birthdays
to her mother for £200, it’s down to
cousin Kurtan to make her day.
Lovely stuff, involving a hike through
the woods, a mystery tent and tales
of the “Fox twins”, fabled feral-like
men who walk on their knuckles.
VOICES
14-18
TV
28-29
IQ
30-39
FILM OF THE DAY
===
11.05pm, Film4
(Wes Anderson, 2014)
Ralph Fiennes (near left) gives a
precise comic performance as Mr
Gustave, a fastidious hotelier in 1930s
central Europe dedicated to providing
“glimmers of civility” amid the foment
of war. Featuring a stolen painting, a
prison break, a ski chase and a shootout, there is probably more action and
a greater number of sight gags in this
caper than in Anderson’s previous
films - but the chief pleasure, as ever,
is his exquisitely detailed picturebook aesthetic. On one level, the film
is about murder and fascist thuggery,
but it prefers to be on the surface
where the tone is comic and sunny
and the primary motifs are romantic
poetry and fancy pastries.
9pm, ITV2
(Paul Feig, 2011)
A perceptive ensemble comedy
about failure and envy as well as the
consolations of female friendships,
Bridesmaids describes the painfully
funny extended public meltdown of
a 30-something maid of honour.
The Grand Budapest Hotel
Bridesmaids
===
Sabotage
10pm, Channel 5
(David Ayer, 2014)
A violent thriller from the writer of
Training Day about corruption and
murder among macho DEA agents. It
has a gritty authenticity at odds with
the, shall we say, non-naturalistic
acting style of 66-year-old star
Arnold Schwarzenegger.
Radio
BBC Radio 1
6.00 Classic Coronation
Street (R) (S). 6.25 Classic
Coronation Street (R)
(S). 6.50 Heartbeat (R) (S).
7.55 The Royal (R) (S). 8.55
Judge Judy (R) (S). 9.20
Judge Judy (R) (S). 9.50
Judge Judy (R) (S). 10.15
Inspector Morse (R) (S).
12.35 The Royal (R) (S).
1.35 Heartbeat (R) (S). 2.40
Classic Coronation Street
(R). 3.15 Classic Coronation
Street (R). 3.45 Judge Judy
(R) (S). 4.10 FILM: Man
About The House (John
Robins 1974) Television
comedy spin-off, starring
Richard O’Sullivan (S).
6.00 Hollyoaks (R) (S). 7.00
Rules Of Engagement
(R) (S). 8.00 How I Met
Your Mother (R) (S). 9.00
New Girl (R) (S). 10.00 2
Broke Girls (R) (S). 10.30 2
Broke Girls (R) (S). 11.00
Brooklyn Nine-Nine (R) (S).
11.30 Brooklyn Nine-Nine
(R) (S). 12.00 The Goldbergs
(R) (S). 12.30 The Goldbergs
(R) (S). 1.00 The Big Bang
Theory (R) (S). 1.30 The Big
Bang Theory (R) (S). 2.00
How I Met Your Mother (R)
(S). 2.30 How I Met Your
Mother (R) (S). 3.00 New
Girl (R) (S). 3.30 New Girl
(R) (S). 4.00 Brooklyn NineNine (R) (S). 4.30 Brooklyn
Nine-Nine (R) (S). 5.00 The
Goldbergs (R) (S). 5.30 The
Goldbergs (R) (S).
8.55 Food Unwrapped (R)
(S). 9.30 A Place In The
Sun: Home Or Away (R)
(S). 10.30 A Place In The
Sun: Home Or Away (R)
(S). 11.35 Four In A Bed (R)
(S). 12.05 Four In A Bed (R)
(S). 12.35 Four In A Bed (R)
(S). 1.05 Four In A Bed (R)
(S). 1.40 Four In A Bed (R)
(S). 2.10 Come Dine With
Me (R) (S). 2.40 Come Dine
With Me (R) (S). 3.15 Come
Dine With Me (R) (S). 3.45
Come Dine With Me (R) (S).
4.20 Come Dine With Me
(R) (S). 4.50 A Place In The
Sun: Home Or Away (R) (S).
5.55 Kirstie And Phil’s Love
It Or List It (R) (S).
6.00 Supergirl (R) (S). 7.00
Supergirl (R) (S). 8.00
Futurama (R) (S). 8.30
Modern Family (R) (S). 9.00
Modern Family (R) (S). 9.30
The Simpsons (R) (S). 10.00
The Simpsons (R) (S). 10.30
The Simpsons (R) (S). 11.00
Warehouse 13 (R) (S). 12.00
NCIS: Los Angeles (R) (S).
1.00 Hawaii Five-0 (R) (S).
2.00 Hawaii Five-0 (R) (S).
3.00 NCIS: Los Angeles
(R) (S). 4.00 Stargate SG-1
(R) (S). 5.00 The Simpsons
(R) (S). 5.30 The Simpsons
(R) (S).
6.00 Fish Town (R) (S). 7.00
Urban Secrets (R) (S). 8.00
Storm City (R) (S). 9.00
FILM: Dinosaur 13 (Todd
Douglas Miller 2014)
The true story of one of
history’s greatest dinosaur
discoveries (R) (S). 11.00
House (R) (S). 12.00 House
(R) (S). 1.00 Without A
Trace (R) (S). 2.00 Blue
Bloods (R) (S). 3.00 The
West Wing (R). 4.00 The
West Wing (R) (S). 5.00
House (R) (S).
6.00 Heartbeat
Merton finds
himself under
pressure (R) (S).
6.00 The Big Bang
Theory Amy
and Penny spy
on Leonard and
Priya (R) (S).
6.30 The Big Bang
Theory (R) (S).
6.55 The Secret Life
Of The Zoo
Four Sumatran
orang-utans
escape from
their quarters
(R) (S).
6.00 Futurama
Fry and the
gang are made
genderless (R)
(S).
6.30 The Simpsons
(R) (S).
6.00 House
A businessman
believes his
son’s illness is
due to karma
(R) (S).
7.00 Murder, She
Wrote Jessica’s
friend is
accused of
murder (R) (S).
7.00 Hollyoaks (S).
7.30 Extreme Cake
Makers Molly
creates a teddy
bears’ picnicthemed cake
(R) (S).
7.55 Grand Designs
A glass pavilion
over a Scottish
loch (R) (S).
7.00 The Simpsons
Marge tries to
halt a campaign
against children
(R) (S).
7.30 The Simpsons
(R) (S).
7.00 CSI: Crime
Scene
Investigation
A rare-book
restorer’s body
is found (R) (S).
8.00 The Flash A
bomb goes off
in Central City.
8.00 Blue Bloods
Danny
discovers Frank
has a secret
lover (R) (S).
9.00 World’s
Weirdest
Homes Charlie
Luxton presents
a guide to
unusual houses
(R) (S).
9.00 The Blacklist
Liz’s
reinstatement
at the FBI
hinges on a
psychological
evaluation.
9.00 Here And
Now Ramon
is at a gaming
expo, where
his creation
attracts
attention.
8.00 Midsomer
Murders A
magician’s
assistant is
poisoned (R) (S).
6.30am The Radio 1 Breakfast
Show With Nick Grimshaw
10.00 Clara Amfo 12.45pm
Newsbeat 1.00 Scott Mills 4.00
Greg James 5.45 Newsbeat
6.00 Greg James 7.00 Annie
Mac 9.00 The 8th With Charlie
Sloth 11.00 Huw Stephens 1am
Annie Nightingale 3.00 Radio
1 Comedy – Scott & Chris 4.00
Radio 1’s Early Breakfast Show
With Adele Roberts
BBC Radio 1Xtra
6am Dotty 10.00 Ace 12.45pm
Newsbeat 1.00 Yasmin Evans
4.00 MistaJam 5.45 Newsbeat
6.00 MistaJam 7.00 DJ Target
9.02 The 8th With Charlie Sloth
11.00 Jamz Supernova 1am
Annie Nightingale Presents
3.00 1Xtra Playlists 4.00 Jamz
Supernova
BBC Radio 2
8.00 FILM: Night At
The Museum
(Shawn Levy
2006) Fantasy
comedy,
starring Ben
Stiller (S).
i TUESDAY
3 APRIL 2018
BUSINESS SPORT
40-41
47-56
10.00Scott & Bailey
Andy punishes
Janet by keeping
her out of an
investigation (R)
(S).
10.10 Tattoo Fixers
Sketch covers
up a shoddy
Egyptianthemed tattoo
(R) (S).
10.35 24 Hours In
A&E A woman
is involved in
a motorbike
accident (R) (S).
10.00The Late Late
Show With
James Corden:
Best Of The
Week Highlights
of the talk show.
10.10 Divorce Frances
and Robert try
to establish new
ground rules.
10.45 Crashing Pete
reunites with
Ali (S).
11.00 Scott & Bailey
Rachel is
suspected of
assaulting Nick
(R) (S).
11.15 The Big Bang
Theory (R) (S).
11.45 The Big
Bang Theory
Bernadette
goes into labour
(R) (S).
11.45 8 Out Of 10
Cats Does
Countdown
With Greg
Davies, Holly
Walsh and Vic
Reeves (R) (S).
11.00 The Force:
North East
A burglar is
arrested twice
within days (R)
(S).
11.20 SMILF Bridge
chooses three
different paths
on Father’s Day
(R) (S).
11.55 SMILF (R) (S).
12.05 A Touch Of Frost (R)
(S). 2.00 ITV3 Nightscreen
2.30 Teleshopping
12.10 First Dates (R) (S).
1.15 Tattoo Fixers (R) (S).
2.20 Gogglebox (R) (S). 3.15
First Dates (R) (S). 4.10
First Dates Abroad (R) (S).
4.35 Rules Of Engagement
(R) (S). 4.55 Rules Of
Engagement (R) (S).
12.45 Obsessive
Compulsive Cleaners (R)
(S). 1.45 24 Hours In A&E
(R) (S). 2.50 8 Out Of 10
Cats Does Countdown (R)
(S). 3.45 Close
12.00 Air Ambulance ER
(R) (S). 1.00 Brit Cops: Law
& Disorder (R) (S). 2.00
Most Shocking (R) (S). 3.00
Warehouse 13 (R) (S). 4.00
It’s Me Or The Dog (R) (S).
5.00 The Dog Whisperer
(R).
12.30 Ready Player One:
Special 1.00 The Sopranos
(R) (S). 2.00 The Sopranos
(R) (S). 3.05 The Sopranos
(R) (S). 4.10 Storm City (R)
(S). 5.10 Storm City (R) (S).
6.30am Sara Cox 9.30 Ken
Bruce 12noon Jeremy Vine
2.00 Steve Wright In The
Afternoon 5.00 Mary Portas
7.00 Jamie Cullum 8.00 Ana
Matronic 10.00 Blood On The
Tracks 11.00 Nigel Ogden: The
Organist Entertains 11.30
Listen To The Band 12mdn’t
Sounds Of The 80s 2.00 Radio
2’s Folk Playlist 3.00 Radio 2
Playlist: 90s Hits 4.00 Radio 2
Playlist: Wednesday Workout
5.00 Vanessa Feltz
BBC Radio 3
6.30am Breakfast 9.00
Essential Classics 12noon
Composer Of The Week:
Schumann 1.00 News 1.02
Radio 3 Lunchtime Concert
2.00 Afternoon Concert
4.30 BBC Young Musician
2018. Penny Gore presents
highlights from this year’s
Young Musician finalists. 5.00
In Tune 7.00 In Tune Mixtape.
Featuring Gluck, Parry and
Scarlatti. 7.30 Radio 3 In
Concert. The English Chamber
Orchestra and Christian
Zacharias play Mozart.
10.00 Free Thinking Festival.
The 2018 New Generation
Thinkers make their first public
appearance together. 10.45 The
Essay: The Book That Changed
Me 11.00 Late Junction
12.30am Through The Night
ONDEMAND
The Bridge
BBC iPlayer
Catch up with three seasons
of the Scandi-noir favourite.
Taken
Amazon Prime
Clive Standen is the younger
version of Liam Neeson’s
2008 movie character.
Before We Die
All4
Stockholm cop Hannah
searches for her missing
colleague/lover and comes
up against biker gangs.
Claudia Roden’s parents are
expelled from Egypt and join
her. 8.00 The Trans Revolution.
Maria Margaronis explores
what lies behind The Trans
Revolution. 8.40 In Touch.
Lee Kumutat discusses how it
feels to be a blind woman. 9.00
Inconspicuous Consumption.
Filmgoers’ compulsion to
consume snacks and movies at
the same time. 9.30 The Long
View. Jonathan Freedland on
Donald Trump’s trade plans.
10.00 The World Tonight. With
Ritula Shah. 10.45 Book At
Bedtime: Rabbit Is Rich. By John
Updike. 11.00 Intensive Carey.
Stand-up comedian Carey
Marx tells the true story of his
heart attack. 11.30 The Digital
Human. Whether technology
can allow people to walk in
someone else’s shoes. 12mdn’t
News And Weather 12.30 Book
Of The Week: Factfulness 12.48
Shipping Forecast 1.00 As BBC
World Service 5.20 Shipping
Forecast 5.30 News Briefing
5.43 Prayer For The Day 5.45
Farming Today 5.58 Tweet Of
The Day
BBC Radio 4 LW
9.45am Daily Service 12.01pm
Shipping Forecast 5.54
Shipping Forecast
BBC Radio 4 Extra
6am Brother Cadfael: The
Virgin In The Ice 6.30 North
And South: Across The
Great Divide 7.00 Arrested
Development 7.30 Love In
Recovery 8.00 The Ken Dodd
Show 8.30 The Men From The
Ministry 9.00 The Now Show
9.30 Stilgoe’s Around 10.00
Anna Karenina 11.00 The Time
Being 11.15 HMS Surprise
12noon The Ken Dodd Show
12.30 The Men From The
Ministry 1.00 Brother Cadfael:
The Virgin In The Ice 1.30 North
And South: Across The Great
Divide 2.00 The Essex Serpent
2.15 Disability: A New History
2.30 The Old Curiosity Shop
2.45 On Her Majesty’s Secret
Service 3.00 Anna Karenina
4.00 The Personality Test
4.30 Ballylenon 5.00 Arrested
Development 5.30 Love In
Pick
ofthe
day
BBC Radio 4
6am Today 9.00 The Long View
9.30 Nature’s Great Invaders
9.45 Book Of The Week:
Factfulness 10.00 Woman’s
Hour 11.00 Moving To The
Red Planet 11.30 The Voices
Of 12noon News 12.04 Home
Front 12.15 Call You And Yours
12.57 Weather 1.00 The World
At One 1.45 Voices Of The First
World War 2.00 The Archers
2.15 Drama: Finding Love At
The End Of The World 3.00
Short Cuts 3.30 Costing The
Earth 4.00 The Followership
Game 4.30 Great Lives 5.00 PM
5.57 Weather 6.00 Six O’Clock
News 6.30 Love In Recovery. By
Pete Jackson. 7.00 The Archers.
Rex slips up. 7.15 Front Row.
Arts programme. 7.45 A Book
Of Middle Eastern Food.
29
The Essay:
The Book That
Changed Me
10.45pm,
BBC Radio 3
Neurosurgeon
and writer Henry
Marsh (above) on
how War And Peace
by Leo Tolstoy
began a teenage
love affair with all
things Russian.
Recovery 6.00 Hothouse 6.30
Pioneers 7.00 The Ken Dodd
Show 7.30 The Men From The
Ministry 8.00 Brother Cadfael:
The Virgin In The Ice 8.30 North
And South: Across The Great
Divide 9.00 The Time Being
9.15 HMS Surprise 10.00
Comedy Club: Love In Recovery
10.30 Comedy Club: Elvis
McGonagall Takes A Look On
The Bright Side 10.45 Comedy
Club: Richard Marsh: Love
And Sweets 11.00 Comedy
Club: ElvenQuest 11.25
Comedy Club: The Comedy
Club Interview 11.30 Comedy
Club: Arthur Smith’s Balham
Bash 12mdn’t Hothouse 12.30
Pioneers 1.00 Brother Cadfael:
The Virgin In The Ice 1.30 North
And South: Across The Great
Divide 2.00 The Essex Serpent
2.15 Disability: A New History
2.30 The Old Curiosity Shop
2.45 On Her Majesty’s Secret
Service 3.00 Anna Karenina
4.00 The Personality Test
4.30 Ballylenon 5.00 Arrested
Development 5.30 Love In
Recovery
BBC 5 Live
6am 5 Live Breakfast 10.00
The Emma Barnett Show With
Anna Foster 1pm Afternoon
Edition 4.00 5 Live Drive 7.00 5
Live Sport: Champions League
Football 2017-18 10.30 Phil
Williams 1am Up All Night 5.00
Morning Reports 5.15 Wake Up
To Money
BBC 6 Music
7am Shaun Keaveny 10.00
Tom Ravenscroft 1pm
Stuart Maconie 4.00 Steve
Lamacq 7.00 Marc Riley 9.00
Gideon Coe 12mdn’t 6 Music
Recommends With Tom
Ravenscroft 1.00 The Beach
Boys Story 2.00 The Seven
Ages Of Rock 2.30 6 Music Live
Hour 3.30 6 Music’s Jukebox
5.00 Chris Hawkins
Classic FM
6am More Music Breakfast
9.00 Nicholas Owen 1pm
Anne-Marie Minhall 5.00
Classic FM Drive 7.00 Smooth
Classics At Seven 8.00 The
Full Works Concert. Jane Jones
picks out a selection of new
entries in the new Hall of Fame.
10.00 Smooth Classics 1am
Sam Pittis
Absolute Radio
6am Christian O’Connell’s
Breakfast Show 10.00 Leona
Graham 1pm Andy Bush 4.00
Dave Berry 7.00 Danielle Perry
10.00 Pete Donaldson 1am
Chris Martin
Heart
6am Jamie And Rochelle
9.00 Toby Anstis 1pm Matt
Wilkinson 4.00 JK And Lucy
7.00 Sian Welby 10.00 Kat
Shoob 1am Simon Beale 4.00
Jenni Falconer
TalkSPORT
6am The Alan Brazil Sports
Breakfast 10.00 Jim White,
Micky Gray And Bob Mills 1pm
Hawksbee And Jacobs 4.00
Adrian Durham And Darren
Gough 7.00 Kick-off 10.00
Sports Bar 1am Extra Time
THE
PROMISED
LAND
Nature
Wild yet imprisoned
More animals are being
trapped by human life
encroaching on them
Page 32
Lifestyle
The 10 Best
We pick the
perfumes
that are perfect
for spring
Page 35
Arts
Graham Coxon
The Blur guitarist on
his first soundtrack and
adjusting to life as a vegan
Page 36
Martin Luther King Jnr is best remembered for
his campaign against racism – but in a new
book, MichaelKHoney argues that we should
not forget his work against poverty, culminating
in his final speech 50 years ago
O
n 3 April 1968, Martin
Luther King Jnr
swayed at the pulpit in
a late-night gathering
at Mason Temple in
Memphis, Tennessee. Aged 39,
King sometimes looked like an older
man, tired, worn and discouraged.
Exhausted from constant travel,
often making four or five speeches
a day and sleeping only a few hours
a night, King had a sore throat and
slight fever. His companion, the Rev
Ralph David Abernathy, said King
had those symptoms whenever he
felt premonitions of death.
That night, a storm outside
turned into a tornado that wreaked
havoc on neighbouring towns and
killed several people. Thunder and
lightning rent the air, and when a
ceiling fan in the temple made a
banging sound it startled King as if it
were a rifle shot.
He had been crisscrossing the US
for weeks, promoting a multiracial
coalition to pressure Congress to
reallocate money for war to money
for human needs. King called it the
Poor People’s Campaign.
Since 1957 he had fought to
“redeem the soul of America” by
seeking equality before the law,
integration, and voting rights for all.
The country’s adoption of the Civil
Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting
Rights Act of 1965 had completed
a “first phase” of the freedom
movement, King said. Now he
wanted a “second phase” struggle
for “economic equality” so that
everyone could have a well-paying
job or a basic level of income, along
with decent levels of healthcare,
education and housing.
On this evening in Memphis,
hundreds of striking black sanitation
workers, their families, and
community activists – now in the
sixth week of a desperate strike –
had gathered to hear King speak in
their support.
Conditions in Memphis
exemplified the country’s failure
to move beyond civil rights to
economic justice. Perhaps half of
the population of young black men,
many of them recent migrants from
the collapsing cotton economy, had
no jobs. Of those in employment,
80 per cent of black women worked
in the homes of whites, with no labour
law protections, and 80 per cent
o f e m p l oye d b l ac k m e n d i d
unskilled labour.
The working poor suffered from
abuse by white supervisors, unsafe
conditions and systemic poverty.
For black women and men in factory,
service, labouring or municipal jobs,
a union provided their only hope for
a better life.
Through their union organising,
they protested against being
dismissed from work by white
supervisors for the slightest
infraction: being forced to carry
leaking bins on their heads; eating
their lunches in the shade of the
dustcart; being hurt and even killed
on the job; reeking of rubbish when
they came home because they had
no access to washing facilities.
They sought an end to wages so
low that men worked full time but
their families lived in poverty –
and demanded union recognition,
collective bargaining rights, and
deduction of union dues from their
pay cheques. The campaign gave rise
to the worker slogan, “I Am a Man”.
D u r i n g t h e i r s t r i ke, 1 ,3 0 0
workers had endured six weeks
of unemployment, hunger and
foreclosures on cars and homes.
White police had attacked strikers,
ministers and civil rights activists
with tear gas, the chemical Mace
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Clockwise from main: Martin Luther
King, circa 1960; after his death; the
Lorraine Motel in Memphis where
King was assassinated; King in 1963
in Washington during the march on
Washington GETTY; REUTERS
and clubs; the police and FBI had
infiltrated the ranks; the mayor had
hired strike-breakers and threatened
to fire strikers.
King had given a rousing and
powerful speech at a mass rally for
the striking workers in Memphis
on 18 March and vowed to come
back to lead a mass march and a
general strike of workers, students
and teachers. “He went where he was
needed, where he could help poor
people,” recalled sanitation worker
Taylor Rogers. “Even if it had been
poor white workers, King would have
done the same thing. That’s just the
kind of person he was.”
But when King returned on 28
March, everything went wrong. He
had tried to lead a solidarity march,
but black teenagers and possibly
agents provocateurs broke shop
windows after a Black Power group
had egged them on – deliberately
setting out to discredit King’s nonviolence strategy through disruptive
street actions.
Police officers charged, beating
everyone in sight and sending many
marchers to hospital. Mass-media
news stories depicted King as an
instigator and a coward running
from the melee.
It was in this atmosphere that King
began speaking to the workers that
night, quietly, slowly. He imagined
himself moving from the beginning of
time to have a “panoramic view of the
whole of human history up to now”.
King described the past as a mighty
movement for human freedom – and
he saw 1968 as a time of great social
change. His voice rising, King cried
out: “Something is happening in
Memphis, something is happening in
our world!” From South Africa to
Memphis, “the masses of people
are rising up”. And their demand
“is always the same: we want to
be free”.
King called on his audience “to
stay together and maintain unity”,
not to fall prey to what the pharaoh
had done during slavery. “He kept the
slaves fighting among themselves,”
he said, but “when the slaves get
together, that’s the beginning of
King’s legacy
Fifty years since Memphis, how
should we remember King?
People know of him as a civil
rights advocate, but do they
know about his lifelong struggle
for the empowerment of poor
and working-class people of
all colours?
Beyond his dream of civil and
voting rights lay a demand that
every person have adequate
food, education, housing, a
decent job and income, and a
more revolutionary quest for
a non-violent society beyond
racism, poverty and war.
“Economic justice,” he said in
1961, would require “a land where
men will not take necessities
to give luxuries to the few”, and
“where all our gifts and resources
are held not for ourselves alone
but as instruments of service for
the rest of humanity”.
When “everything decent and
fair in American life” is under
threat, as King said it was in
his time, we might do well to
remember this fight.
In addition to remembering
the eloquent man at the Lincoln
Memorial in 1963, we could
also remember King as a man
sometimes marching on the
streets and sitting in jail cells,
or rousing workers at union
conventions and on picket lines.
getting out of slavery”. He became
as one with an electrified audience.
Against the powerful winds and
crackling lightning outside, people
shouted “Tell it!” and rose from
their seats.
King then turned to his
premonitions of death; the
commander of the Memphis police
had publicly warned that King could
be killed if he returned to the city.
King recalled the mentally ill black
woman who stabbed him through
the chest with a letter opener in 1958.
That dagger lodged against his aorta,
and would have killed him if he had
merely sneezed. He gave thanks that
he did not sneeze, so that he could be
a part of the great changes brought
about by the freedom movement.
King moved to the image of Moses
leading the oppressed Hebrew slaves
out of Egypt. Black preachers for
generations had used the Exodus
as a story of hope for liberation
from slavery. King’s audience knew
the story well. They also knew that
according to scripture, after he saw
the Promised Land, Moses died.
Raising his voice, King concluded:
“I may not get there with you, but I
want you to know tonight that we as a
people will get to the promised land!”
He shouted out a verse from the
“Battle Hymn of the Republic”, an
anthem written to end slavery, “Mine
eyes have seen the glory of the coming
of the Lord!” King turned, almost in a
trance, and nearly collapsed into the
arms of Abernathy. Pandemonium
swept Mason Temple.
While some recalled the foreboding
of King’s last speech, Reverend
James Lawson, who had brought
King to Memphis, remembered its
uplifting power. He took it not as a
sign of darkness to come, but as a ray
of light breaking through the clouds,
a promise of freedom that inspired
them all.
Some who were there also felt
a deadly chill mixed with King’s
ecstatic prophecy. Clarence Coe,
a rubber workers’ union member,
commented: “He knew it was going
to happen.” Despite concern for
King’s life, however, Coe felt King’s
message of hope.
In contrast to his “I have a dream”
speech in 1963, witnessed by over
200,000 people at the Lincoln
Memorial and broadcast live across
the US, King’s “promised land”
speech came at an almost private
moment, among a small, beleaguered
group of people and a community
in turmoil. It burnt deeply into the
consciousness of those present,
solidifying resolve and strength to
move forward.
Because of Memphis, he would be
remembered not only as a civil rights
icon but also as a labour hero. King
had played a key role in the struggle
for freedom and economic justice
for 13 years. He was 39 years old. He
would be assassinated the next day.
This is an edited
excerpt from ‘To
the Promised Land:
Martin Luther King
and the Fight for
Economic Justice’ by
Michael K Honey (£20,
WW Norton)
i TUESDAY
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31
The vicious fight
against King
Although today many people
have come to see Martin Luther
King Jnr as an icon for human
rights, in his own time he
was often reviled, physically
attacked and dismissed as a
false prophet.
When an assassin murdered
President John F Kennedy
with bullet from a rifle on 22
November 1963, King had told
his wife Coretta that this is how
he too would die.
The FBI director J Edgar
Hoover publicly called him a
liar in 1964 and in March 1967
ordered a counter-intelligence
campaign by his field agents
to prevent the rise of a
“black messiah”.
Hoover’s agents followed
King, wiretapped his office, his
hotel rooms, his house. They
even sent an anonymous letter
that urged King to take his own
life or else have his private life
exposed. Hoover’s FBI leaked
fake news and distorted reports
to journalists, President
Kennedy and President
Lyndon B Johnson, the heads
of all major departments of
government, the military, and
the CIA. FBI secret agents paid
agents provocateurs to stir up
dissension and conflict among
King’s followers and rivals.
Many in the business and
political classes also opposed
King’s strong support for
unions as a way to obtain a
greater degree of racial and
economic justice.
Southern segregationists
sent out pamphlets and
postcards, and mounted
billboards on highways, falsely
claiming to picture “King at a
Communist training school”.
By 1968, King had suffered
a bombing of his home and
his hotel room; body blows
by a neo-Nazi in the South;
stoning by whites armed with
baseball bats wanting to kill
him in a suburb of Chicago; and
a raucous anti-Communist
shout-down in Michigan,
largely due to his stand against
the Vietnam War. Death threats
plagued King and his family.
Tomorrow in Travel
We follow in Martin
Luther King’s footsteps
on the Alabama
Civil Rights Trail
32
Nature
F
ences, roads and
railways are cutting up
the world like the bars of
a cage. They can appear
like prison bars to many
humans. How do other land
animals see them?
With the footprint of humanity
already stamped on about 50 per
cent to 70 per cent of the world, it
was likely that human activities
would have modified the way
animals moved. However, until
recently not a great deal of effort
had been spent on assessing the
impact of human activities such
as infrastructure and agriculture
on the movement of individual
species. Little hard data had been
collected on the impact that such
development is having on animals
on a global scale.
In 2014 a group of researchers
in the United States decided to
change all this. They launched a
global study to look at movement
across many different species
and throughout the world to
see what the impact of human
development was on the way
they moved. The study was led
by Marlee Tucker, a researcher at
the Senckenberg Biodiversity and
Climate Research Centre and the
Goethe University, both located
in Frankfurt.
These scientists belonged to
a new and growing discipline
called “movement ecology”,
which had by then been around
for about six years. What this
brand of ecologists aims to do is
to track animals with the intent
of understanding how, when and
why they travel, not just on the
scale of individual species but as
part of a larger, global picture of
animal movements.
“In the field of movement
ecology there is a lot of work
Born free,
yet no longer
running wild
More animals are becoming stuck as
humans move in, groundbreaking
trackers are revealing. By MarkPiesing
being done on a very small scale
– tracking single species or single
populations in a single location,”
Tucker says. “We thought it would
be nice to think about doing this
across species and the globe.”
Four years and over one million
emails later, in January 2018, their
groundbreaking global study was
published in the academic journal
Nature. By then, 57 species of
animals, 803 individual animals
and 114 researchers from across
the globe had contributed to give
the scientists the first hard data
of how the human footprint was
impacting on animal movement
across the world – and it wasn’t
good news.
What the researchers found
was that animals as small as a
pocket mouse and as large as
an elephant move far less in
landscapes that have been altered
by humans – a finding that could
have implications for the survival
of ecosystems and the need to
protect the ancient routes of
migratory species.
Mammals move
three times shorter
distances in humanaltered landscapes
The researchers found the
African forest elephant living in a
high human footprint area moved
about 13.5 miles on average over
10 days, while an elephant living
in a low footprint area moved on
average 27 miles.
“We used GPS tracking data
collected every hour for at least
two months,” she says, “and
for each longitude and latitude
position we were able to match
to the corresponding value on
the Human Footprint Index to
see how humans impacted on the
movement of animals.” It’s enough
to make Facebook jealous.
GPS was used because it is more
accurate than other technologies
such as radio. If it can tell our
friends what Starbucks we are
sitting in, GPS can track animals
to a 10-metre to 20-metre degree
of accuracy.
The global Human Footprint
21st-century ark
Movebank is a free online data repository of over a billion animal tracking data
points and 17,000 users hosted on the
servers of the Max Planck Institute for
Ornithology. It helps researchers manage,
share, protect and analyse their data as
well as preserve it for posterity.
“Movebank doesn’t do conservation,
but we enable conservation to occur,” says
Roland Kays, a biologist at North Carolina
State University, co-founder of Movebank
and a co-author on the movement project.
“I think our biggest contribution so far
has been to enable these big comparative
studies to occur. It also gives a second life
to research that has already been done –
and that can happen over and over again.”
“The GPS revolution means that
researchers need a way to store and
interact with larger and larger sets of
tracking data, and Movebank is becoming
the primary way for them to do this,”
says Kays. “It also means that people are
increasingly feeding live info from the
animals they are tracking directly into
Movebank.
“We are also getting more and
more people making their
data on Movebank available
to the general public when
they are done with it.”
The platform even
acts as a kind of “data
ark”, preserving animal
movement data for a future in which many
of the species may be depleted or extinct.
“I have rescued cartons full of CDs
of data that had been thrown away,”
says Kays. “If you want to preserve that
information, then it needs to be saved
somewhere like this.”
There have been challenges too. One
particularly large set of data on the
movements of a troop of baboons
caused plenty of problems.
“The challenge was how to
draw 25 million data points
on a screen in a way that
let the users interact with
them. We knew that we
were going to get more
data of this kind of size in the future – so I
told our programmers that we had to know
how to handle them.”
Then there is always the fear of cyber
attack on a platform that poachers could
use to find exactly where their next
targets are. The thing of concern is the live
data of elephants and other high-value
poachable animals. It is something that we
are on the lookout for – but I don’t think
anyone’s trying.”
The next step, says Kays, is to find “a way
to tell the amazing stories behind these
animal movements”. They have already
worked with schoolchildren, written
a book and teamed up with National
Geographic.
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Index represents the relative
human influence in large distinct
ecological areas known as biomes,
expressed as a percentage. Its
purpose is to provide an updated
map of the impact of humanity
on the environment in specific
locations, which can be used in
wildlife planning, management
and research.
Researchers working on
Tucker’s project were then able to
share the data on a revolutionary
new online platform called
Movebank – funded by the Max
Planck Institute for Ornithology –
that is a part data repository, part
“data ark”, designed to safeguard
data on animal movement for
generations to come.
“We looked at the movement
of animals on an hourly scale,
then up to 10 hours,” says Tucker.
“On the shorter time, day to day
we didn’t see anything. From
eight hours onwards, we saw an
effective reduction in movement.
“On average, mammals move
between two and three times
shorter distances in humanmodified landscape than they do
in wild landscapes.”
One of the researchers who
was a co-author on the project
was Dr Iain Douglas-Hamilton,
Oxford University academic and
founder and senior scientist at the
Kenya-based Save the Elephant.
Dr Douglas-Hamilton conducted
some of the first studies into
the behaviour of wild African
elephants back in the 1960s.
“We want to understand
elephant decision-making,” he
says. “And from the way they
The data revolution
that’s saving elephants
Zebras in Nairobi National
Park, near the Kenyan
capital GETTY
VOICES
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“We can use GPS tracking to look at the
movement of wild elephants across
the whole of Africa,” says Iain DouglasHamilton. “The reason why we do it is
that we can look at their corridors, their
core areas, and we can provide better
protection from poachers.
“We attach an algorithm to the signal
from the elephant’s GPS transmitter that
tells us if they are moving too fast, or too
slow, or if they are becoming mobile. This
data is then shared widely, from rangers
to national parks.”
The elephant’s
latest location
can be seen by a
tap of a finger
on the screen
of a phone
or tablet by
researchers
or rangers,
to help them
find the animal,
whether they are
in a plane or jeep or
on foot.
“Seeing the data in this way has an
unexpected effect,” says DouglasHamilton. “We have found that the people
who use our app become extremely
interested in the fate of their animal.
They send their patrols to go where the
elephants are. They get a deeper insight
into what the elephants are doing with
their space, and security and managers
check on them more often.
“We can even walk into the
government offices and show the
minister where the elephants are, and ask
him what is he going to do about it.”
BUSINESS SPORT
40-41
47-56
move we can understand their
needs better, and we can use that
for conservation.
“The reason why we got
involved in the big project is that
it was tracking on a grand scale.
I liked the idea of asking a very
simple question across a huge
spectrum of animals that was
global in scope.
“Movebank is vital. It is
important that information can
be shared quickly and saved
for posterity so that people can
analyse it again five, 10 or even 100
years in the future.
“I thought the project produced
some interesting answers – and it
was based on hard data.”
Why does it matter if animal
movement is affected? Can’t
animals just adapt?
“Some can live in a humanmodified area and some can’t,”
says Douglas-Hamilton. “Physical
barriers like roads, fences and
buildings may stop movement.
Others may be attracted to these
areas because human waste is
quite tasty. Small species like foxes
can adapt. Others, like zebra, can’t
live in a human area.
“If animals can’t migrate
then they can’t move through
landscapes distributing seeds. It
changes how predators and prey
interact. If herbivores can’t move,
Africa is a
continent on
the move, with
development
then they will overgraze where
they are.”
The study didn’t test to see
whether the animals whose
movement has been curtailed are
demonstrating any signs of stress
like zoo animals do – but what the
project did do was highlight how
ancient migration routes may
be threatened by our need to get
home five minutes faster.
“Thelongmigrationmovements
provide lots of ecological
functions. Some animals may be
able to adapt to the change, some
won’t be able to adapt. It depends
on what they are migrating.
“If they are migrating to escape
bad weather, cold weather, which
they might not able to cope with,
you might see population decline.
Or these species might just be
pushed away from those areas and
not be seen again.”
Douglas-Hamilton compares
the impact on his wild elephants
to being in prison.
“Like humans, elephants are
very adaptable,” he says. “But if
you confine them, they lose their
way of life, and much like humans
in prison, it is not much of a life.
“Africa is a continent on
the move, with development
everywhere,” he adds. “But if
we act now there is still space
and time to keep corridors open
and preserve the stability of
ecosystems.”
Marlee Tucker is now working
on a similar project about the
movement of birds. She is blunter.
The results of her research are,
she says, “a message and warning
to policy makers and planners”.
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35
The10Best...
Women’s fragrances for spring
Lifestyle
Longer days, blooming flowers and fresh scents.
Chosen by Rachel Fiddes
Best
Buy
{1} ISSEY MIYAKE L’EAU D’ISSEY
PURE NECTAR DE PARFUM, 50ML
I have a soft spot for Issey Miyake,
as L’Eau D’Issey is the scent of
my twenties – one spritz and
I’m back to the heady, days of
gritty underground clubbing in
Shoreditch before it got glossy.
So, over 25 years since its launch,
how do you better a scent that’s
now considered a classic? Well,
we think the brand has surpassed
it with Pure Nectar. This new
scent is a beautiful blend of fruity
pear, floral rose and creamy
sandalwood. It’s not a stand-out
perfume that lingers in the lift
long after you’ve gone, but it will
definitely be a favourite for years
to come.
£62, boots.com
{3} NEOM ENERGY BURST 100%
NATURAL EAU DE PARFUM, 49ML
Neom specialises in products with
therapeutic benefits that aim to
boost wellbeing. Its fragrances
are 100 per cent natural, with
ingredients that are ethically
and sustainably sourced. They’re
made in the UK and don’t use
artificial perfume or any harsh
preservatives. This particular
fragrance is a zesty blend of
grapefruit, lemon, rosemary and
14 other essential oils, chosen to
give a quick burst of energy to
focus and liven up the mind. It’s
not as long-lasting as synthetic
fragrances, so I carried the
bottle with me when testing and
re-spritzed during the day.
£49, houseoffraser.co.uk
{2} MON GUERLAIN EAU DE
PARFUM FLORALE, 50ML
This is a beautiful scent: feminine
and floral, with rich jasmine and
sensual vanilla tempered by
delicate peony and lavender,
and an unexpected intoxicating
kick to it. It lingered in my office
long after I had finished testing
and was the only scent I tried that
turned heads. It’s a bold scent
some might reserve for evening
wear, but the Guerlain girl will
wear this in the day too.
£69.50, escentual.com
{4} SHISEIDO EVER BLOOM
SAKURA ART EDITION EAU De
Parfum, 50ML
Inspired by Japanese cherry
blossom, known as “sakura”, this
scent conjures up all that pretty
femininity associated with the
flower. Light and airy, this blend of
orange blossom, cherry blossom
and Bulgarian rose is the ultimate
floral bouquet. A burst of juicy
black cherry gives it a fruity hit,
too. I found this one to be the
longest-lasting out of all the
fragrances tested. A soft scent
that lingers like this one would be
excellent for wedding-wear.
£51.85, johnlewis.com
{5} ANIMA VINCI LIME SPIRIT EAU
DE PARFUM, 100ML
Nothing signals spring and uplifts
the soul like a bold citrus hit.
Alongside Sicilian lime, the scent
blends sparkling bergamot, orange
and mandarin in the opening
notes, warming ginger, lavender,
black and pink pepper in the heart,
and a base of amber, cedarwood,
patchouli, vetiver and sandalwood.
I tested this one when I had writer’s
block – the focus and clarity I soon
felt was no coincidence. Founder
Nathalie Vinciguerra, previously
creative fragrance director
for Penhaligon’s and L’Artisan
Parfumeur, believes in the power
of scent, and this certainly got my
keyboard back in action.
£150, animavinci.com
{6} L’OCCITANE TERRE DE
LUMIERE L’EAU EAU DE
TOILETTE, 50ML
Created by three female
perfumers from Grasse, France –
the world’s fragrance capital – this
scent is a fresh, delicate blend
of bergamot, pink pepper and
blackcurrant, with a floral heart
of pink peony and a warm base
of tonka bean, almond and white
musk. It’s supposedly inspired by
the dawn in Provence and we can
see how – it’s a light, ethereal scent
that is ideal to wear in spring.
£49, loccitane.com
{7} GUCCI BLOOM ACQUA DI FIORI
EAU DE TOILETTE, 50ML
2017 saw the launch of Gucci
Bloom, a potent, floral blend of
white flowers. Now, in 2018, its
naughty little sister has arrived.
This brand new launch for spring
has more energy and freshness
than the original. Crisp green
notes have been added to the
tuberose, jasmine and Chinese
honeysuckle to give it a lighter,
more invigorating feel. If you
could bottle joy, this would be it.
A great one to invest in after the
long, bleak winter we’ve had.
£52.28, johnlewis.com
{8} ALAIA PARIS EAU DE PARFUM
NUDE, 50ML
Nude delivers a feminine, musky
warmth – it hits all the right notes
for a sexy evening scent, but with
a light freshness for spring. Cedar,
sandalwood and tonka bean give
it a powerful base that lasts hours
longer than you expect, while
the fresh cardamom and orange
blossom give it a beautiful floral
hit. Destined to be a classic.
£67, debenhams.com
{9} TORY BURCH BEL AZUR EAU
DE PARFUM, 50ML
A burst of uplifting bergamot is
expertly blended here with neroli
and peony florals, melting into a
creamy cedarwood and vetiver
base. Initially bright and
breezy, Bel Azur dries down
into a warming, sensual
scent. This fragrance has a
distinct holiday vibe – for us, it
conjures up images of turquoise
Côte d’Azur waters and orange
groves in Provence. The blue
glass bottle and embossed
fretwork cap (signature
Tory Burch) give it a
glamorous twist.
£67, houseoffraser.co.uk
{10} PRADA CANDY SUGAR POP
EAU DE PARFUM, 50ML
Coming in the wake of several
Prada Candy fragrances – the
scent of caramel and vanilla
being the brand’s signature feel –
Sugar Pop is also an initially sweet
fragrance. But that sweetness
quickly gives way to zestier
green notes thanks to bergamot,
red apple, white peach and
green citrus fruits. We’re
particularly fond of the
unusual-looking,
candy-coloured bottle.
£69, theperfumeshop.com
THE INDEPENDENT
In Saturday’s
TRAVEL
Here comes the sun
30 brilliant summer holidays
PLUS
A weekend
in Venice
Arts
If you’re
staying
in...
BOOKS
Conversations
with Friends
BY SALLY ROONEY
A brilliant
first novel.
Our narrator,
Frances, is
a student in
Dublin. She is
also a poet. She
performs her
poetry on stage with her
ex-girlfriend Bobbi. One
day Frances and Bobbi meet
an older couple, Melissa
and Nick, who are in their
thirties. Frances tells us
about all this with sharp
wit. We watch, fascinated,
wondering if this is love or
not, and where it will lead.
DVD/BLU-RAY
Human Flow
CERTIFICATE 12, 140 MINS
Ai Weiwei’s
epic film about
the refugee
crisis spans
23 countries,
moving from
teeming
camps to
perilous sea crossings
and barbed-wire borders.
The 1990s
were fraught.
I didn’t
enjoy it
Graham Coxon
talks to Elisa Bray
about swapping
alcoholism for
veganism, writing
a soundtrack and
why there will
be no more Blur
“I
t’s one of those days”, says
Graham Coxon, arriving
flustered after the
school run. Things aren’t
improved when the north
London restaurant where we’ve
met turns out not to have soya
milk. Coxon, 49, has been vegan
for seven months.
He turns to his press officer,
at a neighbouring table, and
asks agitatedly: “Shall we go
somewhere else?” Then, checking
himself: “Or am I just being
grumpy…” He has not eaten
anything today, he points out as he
scours the menu. He orders water.
“I don’t know if I’m tired
because of kids, or tired because of
that [veganism].” He discards his
trademark thick-rimmed glasses
on the table, rubs his eyes and
ruffles his hair, like someone who
would much rather be tucking into
breakfast in the comfort of his own
kitchen than doing an interview.
“It’s difficult to know. But as a
machine I’m working a lot better.”
The veganism started as a
response to his “growing disgust
with the food industry and
agriculture”. He adds: “Just the
wastefulness, with how society
and the world is set up. It’s all
totally wrong and anybody who
speaks sense about it is overridden
by the people who are making the
world go round monetarily.”
We are here to discuss Coxon’s
new album – his first soundtrack,
for the Netflix series The End of
the F***king World, about a pair of
teenage outsiders. It’s a brilliant
collection of songs as evocative
as the soundtrack to the indie film
Juno, or Badly Drawn Boy’s About
A Boy, and its influences span
Scott Walker, late-1950s female
vocalists, Americana, “post-punk
arty stuff”, and early-1990s lo-fi.
It was a learning curve for
Coxon, but he found himself
tapping into the way that he’s
worked with Blur.
“After the meeting I immediately
started making some tracks
which were all totally wrong. In
the end I treated the characters
and the scenes like I would have
treated a songwriter, trying to
glean from reaction what I should
be interpreting.
“That’s what I’ve done with
Damon [Albarn] for years. I have
to try and get as much information
out of the melody or the odd lyric
that he had, then figure out the
emotional drive of the song and do
the guitar work that would suit it.”
The soundtrack also captures
Coxon’s introverted character,
although he claims this was
NEWS
2-27
VOICES
14-18
TV
28-29
BUSINESS SPORT
40-41
47-56
i TUESDAY
3 APRIL 2018
37
Last night’s
g
television
Graham Coxon, who has a new
album coming out, says, ‘The
only way I could have a good time
in the 1990s was to get really
drunk’; (below) Blur in Byron
Bay, Australia, in 2015
BY SARAH HUGHES
GETTY; DENHOLM HEWLETT
unintentional. As Blur’s guitarist,
Coxon was always the quiet one,
awkward in the spotlight. “In My
Room” is, well, about being in your
room, while “Bus Stop”, with its
line “Walk a fine line, don’t follow
me, don’t talk to me”, conjures up
a sense of wanting to be left alone.
“‘In My Room’ is totally
autobiographical”, he recalls.
“I was in my room all the time
working. That makes it seem I was
having a bad time, but I wasn’t.
I was having a great time.” He
laughs. “In fact my room is my
favourite place.”
In 2015, Blur made a terrific
comeback, returning to the top of
the chart with their first album in
12 years, The Magic Whip. Coxon
was instrumental in making the
album happen; he spent “tons of
time” working on it with Stephen
Street, creating the tracks out of
the jam sessions, then taking them
to Albarn to add the vocals.
By comparison, despite the fact
that they are consistently critically
acclaimed, Coxon’s solo albums, of
which there are now nine including
this latest soundtrack, have little
commercial success. The last of his
solo albums to trouble the Top 20
was 2004’s Happiness in Magazines.
He points out that there’s
another album waiting for a
release. It was recorded around
the same time as his last solo
album, A&E, a 1960s-influenced,
“more of an indie sound in the old
way”, album, “you know, electric
guitars and tambourines, real
drums and cute little melodies and
some glum tunes and some really
nice big tunes”.
But with the arrival of The Magic
Whip it fell by the wayside.
“It’s just taking its time getting
out there. What happened in the
past is that I’d record an album and
then Blur would do something and
then…” he laughs awkwardly.
“You know… I just felt like my
stuff was getting overlooked a lot
of the time. Maybe it wasn’t, maybe
it was just not that great. I’m just
trying to figure out what it is about
my stuff, what it is about me, that
stops my stuff getting to more
people. I think it’s imbued with
my whole personality which isn’t
particularly, um, extrovert.”
Perhaps, he adds, people aren’t
really into “songs that are a little
IQ
30-39
bit miserable”. (“If Ed Sheeran
sings it then of course people like it.
People like what they’re told to like
and people don’t care about music
enough to make their own minds
about what they like.”)
But he feels his introversion has
held him back? “Possibly, yeah.”
After the release, Blur went on
tour for a year. How did it feel to
be back at the top of the charts
with them? “It did make me happy
because it was my part in making
that record come out, so it was great
when everyone was so positive
about it. For me it was about making
some sort of amends to my group
and for my part in things going
slightly awry in the 1990s.”
How did his experience compare
to when Blur used to have No 1s?
“I just allowed myself to enjoy it
more. I never used to really allow
myself to enjoy myself. I suppose I
was a bit of a control freak and I
wanted things to be a certain way.
And a lot of external stuff would
be affecting how an experience
would be. Because you either had
people around making things
more difficult or you had the press
making things more difficult.
I never used to
allow myself to
enjoy myself. I was a
bit of a control freak
There would be a lot of bullshit
surrounding everything that got
in the way. So if I look back to the
1990s they were just fraught… I
just didn’t enjoy it. And I always
tell myself that I should have
done: ‘Why didn’t you just have a
good time?’”
That’s when his battle with
alcoholism peaked. When the
band were set to record Think Tank
in 2001, he booked himself into
rehab and shortly after, his band
members decided he should go.
“I did try to have a good time,
but the only way I could have a
good time in the 1990s was to get
really drunk and that was the only
thing that got rid of the bullshit,
and then when you sobered up the
bullshit was twice as big so it was
just difficult.”
As for the big question of
whether there’s another Blur
From real-life troubles
to a mysterious and
dark virtual world
» Kiss Me First Channel 4, 10pm
» Dave Allen at Peace BBC2, 9pm
W
album to come, fans shouldn’t
hold their breath. “No”, he laughs
awkwardly. “I doubt it. I really don’t
know why there would be. I think
that it was a good punctuation in
the story of Blur, whether it was
the last full stop or no, I don’t know,
but at the moment there’s certainly
no plans to do anything else.”
He mentions a brief chat he had
with Damon the other week, over
whether they should all go out for
some food and catch up. “But that’s
it really,” he says, dismissively. “It
was a very quick, like 20-second,
conversation.”
Where they used to live near
each other in London, now they are
all spread out, with Alex James on
a cheese farm in Oxfordshire. “Not
everybody is still living with their
families who they grew up with.
But it doesn’t make them any less
of a brother or sister.”
Then there’s the matter of
time. He struggles to find time
for the artwork that’s been such
an important part of his creative
output: he designed the cover art
for all his solo albums as well as
Blur’s 13.
Of course, back in Blur’s 1990s
heyday, before he had two young
daughters with his partner Essy
Syed, a photographer and artist,
and an older daughter from a
previous relationship, the band
members had no responsibilities.
“When you get older it gets more
difficult. Time gets less to do those
things so that’s probably why a lot
of musicians go really downhill
creatively as they get older.”
Does he at least feel more
comfortable in the spotlight these
days? “It depends how I’m feeling
that day. It depends who I’m
talking to, what the situation is, so
many things… whether I’ve eaten
anything, whether I’ve had enough
sleep. I’m never going to feel good
in that situation. I’m always going to
feel awkward. That’s just how I am.”
As we near the end of our
meeting, Coxon still hasn’t eaten
anything, which isn’t going to help
him to feel less awkward. I guess it
was just one of those days.
Graham Coxon’s soundtrack ‘The
End of the F***king World’ is out
now on vinyl and digital release
hat if you could
escape from the drab
mundanity of everyday
life into a virtual world
and allow your troubles to simply
seep away online? So ran the
central premise of Kiss Me First,
Channel 4’s darkly intriguing new
drama series, adapted from Lottie
Moggach’s well-reviewed debut
novel by Bryan Elsley, the creator
of Skins.
Of course pretty much every
virtual reality story from The
Matrix to the recent Ready Player
One starts from a similar point,
but what made Kiss Me First so
interesting – apart from the fact
that the virtual world for once felt
believable thanks to animation
director Kan Muftic’s assured work
– were the dark notes of unease
running through it from the start.
Part of that unease came from
heroine, Leila (Tallulah Haddon),
a reserved, socially awkward girl
whose mother has recently died.
The lonely Leila, so confident in
her virtual world where she fights
all-comers with vigour, is unclear
about how to read basic social
cues in the real one, meaning that
both she and the audience were
constantly unsure as to whether or
not she was being played.
The insecurity only deepened
after Leila found herself accessing
a restricted part of this virtual
world thanks to the confident
Tess (Simona Brown). The tightknit gang of players hanging out
here claimed to have eschewed
violence and reached some sort
of higher understanding, but how
true was that really? Elsley’s clever
script drip-fed hints of a deeper
unhappiness at play behind the
welcoming smiles. By the end
of the episode we knew that one
participant was playing to escape
a violent home life and might have
ended his life. We were also left
with a number of questions: how
trustworthy is Tess, and what does
she really want from Leila? Is Leila’s
new flat-mate, Jonty (Matthew
Aubrey), simply a goofy wannabee
actor, or does he have his own
agenda? What is the mysterious
Adrian’s (Matthew Beard) ultimate
game plan, and why does he appear
to only exist online?
Smartly scripted, well-acted and
shifting seamlessly between its two
worlds, Kiss Me First feels a little
like Black Mirror’s savvy, sharptongued younger sibling. I can’t
wait to find out what happens next.
Growing up in a London Irish
family, I was raised on Dave Allen.
The Irish comedian provided the
soundtrack to my childhood, his
languid delivery and laid-back
Catholic Church-puncturing wit
always delivered with a glass of
whiskey to hand. They were the
first jokes I properly grasped.
Stephen Russell’s biopic Dave Allen
at Peace skirted over a lot of
important details – no time was
really spent on the years when Allen
was a success and no hint given of
either marriages or children – yet it
still somehow captured the laconic
essence of the man.
That it did so was in large
part down to Aidan Gillen’s
performance. Gillen might not look
much like Allen, but he perfectly
captured his mannerisms, the easy
delivery and, most importantly, the
needle-sharp glint in his eye. The
film was at its best when dealing
with Allen’s complex relationship
with older brother John (Conleth
Hill all but stole the show in his
brief scenes), although the lovingly
recreated sketches showing
the comedian mocking Pope,
priesthood and church served as a
welcome reminder of why he was
so rightly adored.
Twitter: @sarahjphughes
Tallulah Haddon as Leila in Bryan Elsley’s ‘Kiss Me First’ CHANNEL 4
38
Arts
VISUAL ARTS
Arts
reviews
Winnie-the-Pooh:
Exploring a Classic
VICTORIA & ALBERT MUSEUM,
LONDON SW7
VISUAL ARTS
‘Liquor
Store, San
Francisco’
from 1973
forms part of
the German
film director’s
photographic
collection
Wim Wenders:
Early Works,
1964 to 1984
BLAIN|SOUTHERN, LONDON
HHHHH
The Wim Wenders experiment
in life, ever restless, ever
serendipitously globe-roaming,
is a studiedly impromptu affair.
We could define his angle on the
world by deploying a series of
adjectives which begin with un-:
unswanky, unposy, unglossy,
unfabricated, unmanipulated.
His films, at times, seem
to consist of a concatenation
of individual photographic
stills, informed by an intimate
relationship with some of his
favourite artists – Pina Bausch,
Edward Hopper, Andrew Wyeth.
Think back to the melancholy
poignancy of the closing scene
of Paris, Texas, for example, when
Travis sits alone in his car, bathed
in an eerie pool of green light,
having relinquished his son to
the child’s mother. That visual
moment is pure Hopper in its
exquisite desolation.
Wenders shifts easily from
documentary to feature films,
from part-fact to part-fiction, and
when he films he always takes
photographs too, sometimes as
out-takes, sometimes as a species
of note-taking, as a way of making
real, as a way of registering the
CLASSICAL
Evgeny Kissin
WIM WENDERS
GLYNN VIVIAN ART GALLERY, SWANSEA
This free exhibition of the German
painter, printmaker and sculptor
of the late 19th and early 20th
century focuses on her portraits
of working women and her two
series concerned with social
injustice: Ein Weberaufstand
and Bauernkrieg. (01792 516900)
to 17 Jun
WATTS GALLERY, COMPTON
importance of the presence of the
actors he has worked with or of
the landscapes or the cityscapes in
which those films are rooted.
He fell in love with Polaroids
early, that promise of crisp
fleetingness, and this new
exhibition shows us some of those
early experiments. They were
discovered quite recently, in
cigar boxes.
The pictures look so
distinctively of themselves now
– boxy in format, with a surface
which looks and feels thickened,
even a touch custardy, with queasy
greens and yellows. Wenders
loves blur because life itself is a
blur, always part-seen and partgone, and all the more cherishable
for that very reason. Wenders
drifts about the world like a windblown seed, from Montana to
Iceland, from Algiers to Australia.
Scenes can be both panoramic
and forensically detail-attentive,
simultaneously.
Who else has photographed
from the summit of Ayers Rock
by drawing our attention to the
weather-pummelled refuse bin
which sits at its centre? He sees
how a waterfall can choose to
resemble the sweep of a blonde’s
hair when caught from behind. He
registers the absurdity of giving
the name Eden to a badly built
prefabricated building in Iceland
in the shadow of forbidding
mountains. He is always shooting
from the hip with the most
harmless of weaponry.
To 5 May (020 7493 4492)
MICHAEL GLOVER
THE INDEPENDENT
DANCE
Manon
ROYAL OPERA HOUSE, LONDON
HHHHH
HHHHH
THE INDEPENDENT
Portrait of the Artist:
Käthe Kollwitz
A Pre-Raphaelite
Collection Unveiled: the
Cecil French Bequest
BARBICAN, LONDON
Now 47, Evgeny Kissin is no
longer music’s most miraculous
child: he’s become a stately,
middle-aged gent, and his pianism
has matured commensurately. It’s
still technically flawless, but the
sense one used to have that he was
strenuously imposing his own
stamp on everything has gone:
each work now speaks for itself.
He began with Beethoven’s
Hammerklavier Sonata, the
opening allegro unfussy and
forceful, with each phrase
fastidiously turned. The scherzo
was lightly done but the massive
adagio emerged as a profound
meditation. The pulse was calm
and steady; each sally into a
remote key was delivered with a
touch of wide-eyed wonder. The
concluding movement, with its
brusque surprises and endlessly
upward-spiralling figurations,
was magnificent.
In the Rachmaninov Preludes of
the second half, Kissin displayed a
marvellous control of colour and
texture, and his encores brought
the house down. He said goodbye
with Tchaikovsky’s Meditation.
MICHAEL CHURCH
The ultimate feel-good show for
the devoted Pooh Bear fan, telling
the story behind the partnership
of writer AA Milne and illustrator
EH Shepard through sketches,
letters, photographs, cartoons,
ceramics and fashion.
(020 7942 2000) to Sun
Offered a fur-trimmed robe,
Francesca Hayward’s Manon
is transformed. It’s not just her
sensuous reaction to the touch of
silk and ermine. There’s a world of
possibility in the way she changes
her stance, a woman realising that
she could be an entirely different
version of herself.
Manon returns to The Royal
Ballet as part of a season
marking the 25th anniversary
of choreographer Kenneth
MacMillan’s death. Made in
1974, it’s become one of his most
popular works. A lavish three-act
staging, with a plot inspired by
Prévost’s novel and Massenet’s
opera, it moves between erotic
duets and MacMillan’s interest
in corrupt societies, in this case
pre-Revolutionary France.
The heroine is torn between
temptations, falling in love with
the student Des Grieux then lured
away by her brother Lescaut into
high-class prostitution.
Characteristically, MacMillan
is strongest in the impassioned
pas de deux and in a cast of
scheming, driven supporting
characters. The brothel scene
plays out in Hogarthian detail. As
The “forgotten” collection of Cecil
French, a passionate advocate of
the later Victorians. Important
works by Frederic Leighton,
Lawrence Alma-Tadema, John
William Waterhouse and Edward
Burne-Jones are among the
paintings and drawings on display.
(01483 810235) to 3 Jun
FILM
Isle of Dogs
PG, WES ANDERSON, 101 MINS
Wes Anderson’s Japan-set stopmotion fable is very stylised,
very offbeat and characterised
by an extremely dry and often
ironic humour, packed full of
intricate visual detail and dealing
with some weighty themes
(ethnic cleansing, fascism and
corruption). The film is set in
the near future, when dog flu has
ravaged the canine population,
prompting a tidal wave of anti-dog
hysteria. Nationwide release
The Islands and the Whales
12A, MIKE DAY, 84 MINS
Francesca
Hayward as
Manon and
Federico
Bonelli as Des
Grieux
BILL COOPER
Manon hesitates over returning
to Des Grieux, dozens of quarrels,
seductions and cheats unfold
around her, the Royal Ballet corps
seizing every moment.
Hayward brings fresh
spontaneity to Manon’s dilemmas.
She falls headlong for Federico
Bonelli’s Des Grieux, soaring
into the lush lines and fluttering
footwork of their dances together.
Bonelli is a lyrical hero – I love
the naïve way he tries to join in the
plots around him, an innocent far
out of his depth.
Alexander Campbell’s terrific
Lescaut combines virile dancing
with an ongoing eye for the main
chance. His explosive drunk
dance is funnier for the way he
keeps trying to take control of the
situation and his own
flailing limbs.
In rep to 16 May (020 7304 4000)
ZOE ANDERSON
THE INDEPENDENT
This impressive documentary
profiles the pilot whale hunters
of the Faroe Islands. Shot over
a period of five years, the film
is full of beautiful imagery of
seascapes and mountain ranges,
but the story the director is
telling is bleak. In future years,
the documentary is likely to be
regarded as a record of the final
days of a way of life that cannot be
sustained. Limited release
TALKS & POETRY
John Connolly
VARIOUS VENUES
The crime writer discusses his
16th Charlie Parker novel, The
Woman in the Woods, which begins
when the semi-preserved body
of a young Jewish woman is
discovered buried in the woods.
Waterstones, Roman Gate, Exeter
(01392 423044) tonight 7pm;
Waterstones, Dorchester (01305
257123) Wed 7pm; Waterstones,
Nottingham (0843 290 8525)
Fri 7pm
NEWS
2-27
Arts
agenda
THE CULTURAL HIGHLIGHTS
YOU HAVE TO SEE
COMEDY
Simon Munnery
SOHO THEATRE, LONDON W1
Simon Munnery presents the
latest offerings from his strangely
wired mind in Renegade Plumber:
a new hour of stand-up, absurd
but also touching and beautifully
written poetry, and tales of his
“attempts at under-tent heating”.
(020 7478 0100) to Sat
Bath Comedy Festival
VARIOUS VENUES
Among the good stuff lined up
in the south west this week are
Janey Godley looking back on
20 years on the circuit (tonight),
and excellent character comic
Rachel Parris (Thur and Fri).
(bathcomedy.com) to 15 Apr
Matt Forde
SOHO THEATRE, LONDON W1
Matt Forde is a topical satirist
with a reputation for being
scrupulously up-to-the-minute,
so expect material on Russian
spies, data harvesting and
things that haven’t even happened
yet in A Show Hastily Rewritten
in Light of Recent Events.
(020 7478 0100) to Sat
Phill Jupitus
VARIOUS VENUES
Freed from the demand for TV
panel show quick quips, Phill
Jupitus is in a storytelling mood
in Juplicity, reflecting on his
upbringing in a pub – and his
formative years as a punk-poet
support act for Billy Bragg.
Lancaster Grand (01524 64695)
tonight; Lowther Pavilion, Lytham
St Annes (01253 794221) Wed;
Pocklington Arts Centre (01759
301547) Thur; Theatre Royal,
Wakefield (01924 211311) Fri
Sarah Millican
VARIOUS VENUES
The softly spoken, sharply
tongued Geordie shows who’s
in charge on her latest mammoth
tour, Control Enthusiast.
Hexagon, Reading (0118 960 6060)
to Thur; Tyne Theatre,
Newcastle-upon-Tyne
(0844 2491 000) Fri to 8 Apr
POP
Sunflower Bean
VARIOUS VENUES
As all three members hit the giddy
age of 22, Brooklyn’s Sunflower
Bean mature nicely on their
second album. Twentytwo in
Blue is a full-blossom beauty, its
retro touchstones (dream-pop,
Fleetwood Mac-ish folk-rock,
strutting glam-rock and more)
kept fresh and tight under singer
Julia Cumming’s lead. Thekla,
Bristol (alttickets.com) tonight;
Concorde 2, Brighton (seetickets.
com) Thur; Koko, London NW1
(wegottickets.com) Fri
VOICES
14-18
TV
28-29
No Age
VARIOUS VENUES
A change, a rest and nappychanging duties work wonders for
LA’s noise-rock duo on their fourth
album. Now both parents, Randy
Randall and Dean Spunt return
with a dynamic reinvention,
Snares Like a Haircut. Hare &
Hounds, Birmingham (seetickets.
com) tonight; Bethnal Green
Working Men’s Club, London E2
(seetickets.com) Wed
DANCE
Bernstein Centenary
ROYAL OPERA HOUSE, LONDON WC2
The Royal Ballet are in fine form
for the birthday celebrations of
composer Leonard Bernstein.
New works by Wayne McGregor
and Christopher Wheeldon show
off the company’s terrific dancers.
(020 7304 4000) tonight and Fri
CLASSICAL
Theatre of the Ayre
WIGMORE HALL, LONDON W1
Lutenist Elizabeth Kenny and her
ensemble celebrate the radical
musical innovations of Monteverdi
and his followers (Merula, Caccini,
Uccellini, D’India et al) with a
vocal line-up including soprano
Joanne Lunn and tenors Nicholas
Mulroy and Nick Pritchard.
(020 7935 2141) tonight 7.30pm
BUSINESS SPORT
40-41
47-56
THEATRE
Flashdance
ALHAMBRA THEATRE, BRADFORD
Joanne Clifton stars a workingclass Pittsburgh woman who
works as a welder by day and a
burlesque-bar dancer by night
but dreams of one day becoming
a fully trained “proper” dancer in
this great adaptation of the 1980s
musical. (atgtickets.com) to Sat
Blood Brothers
i TUESDAY
3 APRIL 2018
39
First
Chance
Opening
this week
THEATRE
Mary Stuart
THEATRE ROYAL, BATH
QUEENS THEATRE, BARNSTAPLE
Bill Kenwright and Bob Tomson’s
touring production of Willy
Russell’s musical about twins
separated at birth, with Lyn Paul’s
wonderful voice soaring through it
all. (01271 316063) toSat
The Band
NEWCASTLE THEATRE ROYAL
Writer Tim Firth’s musical about
Take That is an infectious homage
to the music of Britain’s bestloved boy band and the power of
youthful friendship. The action
never takes itself too seriously as
it journeys from 1990s suburban
teenage bedroom to the present
day. (thebandmusical.com) to 14 Apr
Juliet Stevenson and Lia Williams star
in Robert Icke’s Almeida staging of
Schiller. (01225 448844) opens Wed
FILM
Newlyn International
Film Festival
THE CENTRE, NEWLYN
The inaugural festival of short film.
(newlynfilmfestival.com) opens Fri
DANCE
Matthew Bourne’s
Highland Fling
THEATRE ROYAL, GLASGOW
Scottish Ballet dance Matthew
Bourne’s “Romantic wee ballet”.
(0844 871 7647) opens Wed
8 days
from on
ly
£ 9 9 9 pp
JAZZ
Jeff Williams
VORTEX JAZZ, LONDON N16
Drummer/composer Jeff Williams
launches the album he recorded
at the Vortex last year, Lifelike,
with an impressive line-up that
includes keyboardist Kit Downes
and the alto/tenor attack of John
O’Gallagher and Josh Arcoleo.
(020 7254 4097) tonight
If you only see
one thing today
THEATRE
The York Realist
SHEFFIELD CRUCIBLE
A pitch-perfect, impeccably
acted production by
Robert Hastie, of Peter
Gill’s beautiful 2002 play, a
convincing gay love story
in which it is the conflicting
aspirations of the lovers
rather than societal
prejudice that drives the
two men apart. Ben Batt’s
George (left) runs bracingly
against gay stereotype,
while Jonathan Bailey is
a more uptight John.
(0114 249 6000) to Sat
JOHAN PERSSON
IQ
30-39
Award-winning Luxury
River Cruises in Europe
Selected departures up to December 2018
and April to November 2019
Cruise Europe’s most beautiful waterways aboard the finest ships, featuring
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Vienna, Budapest, Amsterdam, Avignon, Arles, Bruges, Paris or Rouen.
Your cruise includes...
✓ Spacious and beautifully appointed suites or cabins with hotel-style beds,
en-suite bathrooms and river views
✓ Exceptional cuisine with full board throughout
✓ Extensive and inclusive touring programmes
✓ Return flights from a choice of UK airports or standard class reserved
seat on Eurostar from London St Pancras (supplements may apply)
✓ Return rail connections on selected dates and cruises from over
50 regional stations (supplements may apply)
✓ Services of our experienced
tour manager
Prices are based on two people sharing and are correct at time of print. Single
supplements may apply. This holiday is operated by and subject to booking
conditions of Riviera Travel, ABTA V4744 ATOL 3430 protected. Subject to
availability. Additional entrance cost may apply. Images used in conjunction with
Riviera Travel. For further information please write to Riviera Travel, New Manor,
328 Wetmore Road, Burton upon Trent, Staffs, DE14 1SP.
For more information or to book,
please call: 01283 523447
www.ipariviera.co.uk
ABTA No. V4744
Business
Quote of
the day
There are
thousands of
women in this
situation and
it’s a devastating
inequality
Tulip Siddiq
The MP for Hampstead
and Kilburn on
discovering she was
paid £10,000 less than
a male counterpart in a
previous job
Business Editor Elizabeth Anderson
+4420 7361 5718
business@inews.co.uk
EMPLOYMENT
Brutal start to 2018 as more
than 21,000 jobs are lost
By Ravender Sembhy and
Alan Jones
A staggering 21,000 jobs have been
axed in the first three months of the
year as retail store closures, company
restructurings and Carillion’s
collapse resulted in a bleak quarter.
Approximately 21,413 staff have
been made redundant or seen their
role put under threat, with the bulk
of them working for well-known high
street chains.
Since January, Toys R Us and
Maplin have filed for administration,
while fashion retailers such as New
Look and Select have embarked on
radical store closure programmes.
Only last week, Bargain Booze
owner Conviviality said it planned to
call in administrators within the next
10 days, putting 2,600 jobs at risk.
Piling on the misery has been the
under-pressure casual dining sector,
with Prezzo, Byron and Jamie’s
Italian all shutting restaurants and
culling hundreds of jobs.
Retailers have been hammered
by Brexit-fuelled inflation, soaring
business rates and falling consumer
confidence, but experts also point to
structural changes in the sector.
Duncan Brewer, partner at
consultancy Oliver Wyman, said:
“Cost is one of the biggest pressures
out there. The devaluation of sterling,
increased labour costs and business
Separate figures by the
Camra (Campaign for Real
Ale) show an average of 18 pubs a
week are shutting down. That has
slowed since 2009, when 52 pubs
were closing each week.
rates will be having an effect.”
Supermarket giants have also
made swingeing cuts to shop floor
staff, with Morrisons, Sainsbury’s
and Tesco cutting 5,200 roles in all.
Mr Brewer added that the sector’s
future prospects are dependent on
consumer confidence, which has
tanked since the Brexit vote.
Elsewhere, the collapse of
outsourcer Carillion has so far
resulted in over 1,700 job losses, with
more pain expected.
British Gas owner Centrica has
recently announced it will axe 4,000
roles over the next three years under
a ramped-up efficiency programme.
Compounding the misery was the
closure of Norwich’s iconic Colman’s
mustard factory, which saw 113
workers culled, and was followed by
drinks giant Coca-Cola shutting sites
in Milton Keynes and Northampton.
Bosses urged
to speak out
on challenges
of Brexit
Mastercard holders
using Samsung Pay
will be able to travel
around London for
free every Monday
in April.
Over the five
Mondays in the month,
all passengers on
London’s transport
network who touch
in and out using
Samsung Pay will have
their fares refunded by
Mastercard.
Customers can
travel on the bus, tram,
DLR, overground,
the Tube and most
National Rail services
in London.
For people not based
in London, those who
use their Mastercard
with Samsung Pay five
times before the end of
April will receive a £10
voucher to spend at
Costa Coffee.
Savers who keep their money purely
in cash Isas have seen the value of
their money drop by 11.5 per cent
since 2007, as returns continue
to lag behind inflation, according
to data from insurance company
Royal London .
Unions have placed the blame for
the dire figures firmly at the feet of
the Government, blaming Theresa
May’s Conservative party for
economic mismanagement.
“It’s not rocket science, but such
a level of common sense seems to
be escaping ministers, who are busy
concentrating on backbench Brexit
squabbles, and not sorting out the
economy,” said Tim Roache, general
secretary of the GMB union.
TRADE
Smart
way to
travel
daily
money
Maplin, with 2,300 staff, went into
administration in February REUTERS
By Kalyeena Makortoff
But people who put their money
in a stocks and shares Isa would have
performed better. Those investing an
equivalent amount in a simple multiasset fund would have increased the
value of their money by almost 48 per
cent over the same period.
The figures were based on a
starting amount of £107,571 in the
2006-07 tax year. By 2017-18, this
would have grown to an estimated
£270,196 if held in a cash Isa.
But higher inflation means
£107,571in 2006 would be worth
£305,175 today in real terms.
If the money was put in a stocks
and shares Isa in 2006, the amount
would likely be closer to £451,466.
***
Savers who invest money in
Enterprise Investment Schemes (EIS)
are being urged to check they are not
paying over the odds in fees.
Research from investment
firm Symvan Capital found fund
management charges in the EIS
sector now average 4 per cent.
The scheme gives tax relief to
investors willing to back high-growth,
risky businesses.
Businesses should come clean about
the difficulties they are facing as a
result of Brexit and the impact it will
have on consumers, the Square Mile’s
governing body has said.
Catherine McGuinness, head
of policy at the City of London
Corporation, said that business
leaders speaking up about challenges
is a sign of realism, not politics.
“I think that saying Brexit is very
difficult and there are real problems
here and we need to sort out a
sensible way isn’t necessarily being
political, I think that’s the reality.
“And I think it is useful when
business tells us that’s the reality and
it’s going to have these implications
for customers.”
Ms McGuinness explained that
the corporation supported Remain
before the referendum, but has since
“adopted a pragmatic approach”
and is working with the financial
sector to identify issues and
“possible solutions”.
Few financial services firms
and a minority of business leaders
have come out to say that the EU
divorce will leave their companies
in a better position, the most
prominent of which have included
Wetherspoon chairman Tim Martin
and entrepreneur James Dyson.
The corporation has been calling
for a free-trade agreement with
the EU which would cover financial
services through mutual recognition,
meaning financial firms will not
have to rely on equivalence – which
requires approval by the bloc and
could be revoked.
NEWS
2-27
VOICES
14-18
TV
28-29
IQ
30-39
BUSINESS SPORT
40-41
47-56
41
i TUESDAY
3 APRIL 2018
ECONOMY
Tough region vulnerable to hard Brexit
The North East voted Leave but that
may cost its engineering firms and
service industries dear. By Ben Chu
A
sword of Damocles
hangs over the economy
of the North East of
England. Internal
research leaked
from Whitehall earlier this year
suggested that the North East’s
economy could take a hit of up to 16
per cent from an ultra-hard Brexit,
in which the UK crashes out of the
European Union with no trade deal
in March 2019. That’s compared
with the 8 per cent injury estimated
for the UK as a whole.
Yet the North East was also one
of the UK regions with the largest
proportion of Leave votes in the
June 2016 referendum, with 58 per
cent opting to get out, vs 42 per cent
for Remain. With just 12 months to
go until Brexit, I travelled around
the region to get a snapshot of how
firms are coping.
People power
Everything is enormous in
Northumberland’s Port of Blyth.
Fifteen-metre high rolls of undersea
cable, which will be laid to connect
offshore wind farms to the mainline,
line the perimeter of the South
Harbour. Even more massive
pieces of trench-digging equipment
litter the sprawling dockyard, like
brontosaurus carcasses.
Biggest of all are the two
jack-up barges for digging oil
wells squatting at the sea-edge of
the harbour; four crane-like legs
towering up above each of them.
What must it be like working
among such intimidatingly colossal
chunks of metal? “You get used to
it, but when I saw the even bigger
ship that the jack-up barge came in
on (the 34,000-ton Albatross), even
I thought ‘wow’,” says Brendon
Hayward, managing director of the
subsea engineering company Osbit,
which has a warehouse on the port.
With his blue Jaguar car,
sharp-cut three-piece suit and
brown winkle-picker brogues,
Hayward seems more like a football
agent than an engineer. Hayward
founded Osbit seven years ago
to provide bespoke engineering
solutions for offshore players.
Hayward’s Brexit concern relates
to the people who bash the pieces of
metal that he exports.
One of the local steel suppliers
that Osbit used last year has a
workforce which, he reckons, is
30 to 40 per cent made up of
Eastern Europeans.
“If our suppliers lose 30 per cent
of the workforce, and we ask for a
21-week turnaround, maybe they
turn around and say, ‘We can’t do
it’. The time element is really key to
us. The client needed the system in
21 weeks. If we’d quoted 30 weeks
I think they would probably have
ordered it in Europe.”
Exports
The Chambers of Commerce
recently hosted a private roundtable meeting at the Hardwick
Hall Hotel in the Co Durham
countryside. In attendance
TAXATION
April can be the
cruellest month for
some taxpayers...
But others will benefit from higher
allowances, writes Karl McDonald
J
anuary may be the dawn
of the new year, but April
brings with it the new
financial year, with various
tax changes.
This year, some people will
benefit from various small cuts
to tax. But higher council tax and
water bills will go a long way to
balancing that out.
Here are the major changes being
introduced this week.
Personal allowance
From 6 April, the personal
allowance will increase by £11,500
to £11,850, increasing the amount
of money people can earn before
they start to pay tax. It will reach
£12,500 by 2020, according to
the Government.
What this means: it’s a tax cut
for anyone earning more than
£11,500. Basic-rate taxpayers
will come away with an extra £70
a year.
Nissan employs
7,000 people at its
plant in Sunderland
AFP/GETTY
were 20 large local supply chain
companies to talk about their
Brexit preparations.
Neil Warwick of Square One Law,
who chaired the session, recalls
his opening question. “I said: ‘How
many people have got a Brexit plan
and how far along are you with
implementing it?’”
The result was disturbing. Not
a single company even had a plan,
never mind putting it into action.
One participant at the meeting
described it as “head in the
sand syndrome”.
Exports are the economic
lifeblood of the North-east. And
Europe is a big market. Official data
Income-tax bands
The higher rate tax band is moving
from £45,000 to £46,350, increasing
the amount of money you can earn
before the top rate of 40 per cent
kicks in. It’s a tax cut for people on
the higher rate, because more of
their income will fall into the lower
rate band.
Some will fall out of the higher
rate tax band altogether. However,
this is a double-edged sword, as it
means the amount of tax relief they
can claim on pension savings will
also fall.
What this means: a person
earning above £46,350 will be £340
a year better off, taking into account
the rise in the basic personal
allowance too.
shows that the value of its exports
to the Continent added up to £5.6bn
in 2017. Divided by the region’s 2.6
million population gives exports per
head of £2,100, the highest of any
region in the UK.
It’s not only cars, chemicals
and machinery (carmaker Nissan
employs 7,000 in Sunderland). Half
of the North East’s services exports
went to the EU in 2015, again the
largest share of any UK region.
Beyond industry
The North East is not all
engineering and manufacturing.
Ryder Architecture was founded
in Newcastle in the 1950s. Its
anyone who earns less than £13,850.
Inheritance tax
The residence nil-rate band for
inheritance tax goes up from
£100,000 to £125,000 – on top of the
£325,000 nil-rate band already in
place for inheritances.
What this means: people passing
elegant headquarters is a converted
19th-century horse and carriage
repository – what partner Paul Bell
describes as a “horse car park” –
close to the train station. Mr Bell
explains how his own business
relies on overseas talent, including
from Europe.
“Being able to bring in the best
talent from around the world is an
advantage to our industry. There’s
not an issue within our profession
of UK jobs being under threat from
immigration,” he says. “Some of our
colleagues from Europe have been
here a number of years and they are
genuinely concerned about their
ability to stay.” THE INDEPENDENT
on an inheritance that includes
a home can now pass on up to
£450,000 tax-free, compared with
£425,000 last year.
Spouses can now pass on any
unused allowance to their other half,
effectively doubling the allowance
between them.
Air passenger duty
Rates on flights to places outside
the EU and EEA will go up by
anything between £3 and £18
– with possible knock-on costs
for consumers.
MAKE MONEY
SHARE
TRADING
Scottish tax
Taxpayers in Scotland will now pay
Scottish tax rates, which have more
bands than the wider UK version.
The starter rate is 19 per cent
between £11,850 to £13,850. The top
rate is the additional rate, which is
46 per cent from £150,000.
What this means: a tax rise
for anyone who earns more
than £21,000, and a tax cut for
Air passenger
duty on
flights to
destinations
outside
Europe is
to rise
Make an extra income
trading less than 15
minutes per day. Profit
from Up and Down
moves in FX, FTSE,
Oil, Gold, Shares &
Bitcoins. Step by Step
easy to follow system.
Beginners welcome.
Free information go to:
www.FinBets.com
ieat
Games&Puzzles
daily recipe
Vietnamese beef pho
Kakuro
Zygolex® In i every day
How to play Fill the white squares so that the total in each
across or down run of cells matches the total at the start
of that run. You must use the numbers from 1-9 only and
cannot repeat a number in a run. Solution: minurl.co.uk/i
Find the missing words by following the RHYME, LETTERS and MEANING links
– eg, a word that rhymes with ‘cheek’, has one letter different from ‘pear’ and
has the same meaning as mountain, would be ‘peak’. Full rules at zygolex.com.
Solution, page 49
RHYME LETTERS
7
13
19
27
6
3
15
16
15
PLACED
4
UMPIRE
22
3
11
8
4
4
RED
6
13
SERVES 4
9
17
5
11
15
24
9
4 3 5 2
5
1
3 1
3
4
Killer Sudoku No 1252
Tomorrow
Spiced salmon with celeriac salad
13
11
3
7
7
7
5
11
11
13
✂
11
12
15
16
9
10
2
2
1
0
1
2
∨
2
2
3
0
3
2
0
2 2
3
2
1
4
2
0
3
3 3
3
3
4
0
2
2 1
3
1
2
0
6
2 3
7
<
<
1 1 1 2
1
1
9
13
9
∧
∧
> 3
0 1
10
<
<
<
1
2 2
7
10
>
2 2
11
13
>
How to play Find all the mines in the grid. Numbers in certain squares indicate how
many mines there are in the neighbouring squares, including diagonally touching
squares. Mines cannot be placed in squares with numbers. Solution: minurl.co.uk/i
9
11
17
12
23
MEANING
Minesweeper
16
10
12
13
5
WOE
LETTERS
>
2
∧
TAY
LOCK
WREN
Futoshiki
4
3
CURRENCY
How to play
Place the numbers
from 1-5 exactly
once in each row
and column. The
greater than and
less than signs
(‘>’ and ‘<’) indicate
where one cell is
greater/less than
the adjacent
cell indicated.
Solution:
minurl.co.uk/i
6
8
11
BROWN
3
RHYME
How to play Each row, column and 3 by 3 box must contain
each number (1 to 9) only once. The sum of all numbers
contained in a dotted area must match the number printed
in its top-left corner. No number can appear more than
once in a dotted area. Solution: minurl.co.uk/i
16
3
4
How to play Place the numbers 1-9 once in each row, column
and bold-lined jigsaw region. Solution: minurl.co.uk/i
3
3
3
SPREE
Jigsawdoku
5
CASTLE
4
TREK
7 6
9
4
4
4
8
Recipe from waitrose.com
SHORT
29
30
Set aside some green salad onion slices
to garnish and place the remainder in
a large saucepan with the ginger, star
anise, lemongrass and stock and simmer
for 10 minutes.
Meanwhile, place the noodles in a
heatproof bowl, cover with boiling water
and cover the bowl with clingfilm, leave
to soak for 10 minutes or until tender.
Heat a frying pan until very hot and
cook the steak for two minutes on each
side until nicely browned but pink in the
centre. Transfer to a plate and leave to
rest for few minutes.
Place the beansprouts and pak choi in
a large saucepan and pour or strain over
the hot stock. Bring to a simmer, add the
fish sauce, sugar and lime juice to taste.
Drain the noodles and divide
between bowls. Ladle over the broth and
vegetables then thinly slice the steak and
place on top. Scatter with reserved salad
onions, chilli and coriander leaves, and
serve with lime wedges on the side.
3
24
7
1
8
PUB
COOP
26
W AS
AR IA
M N
ER
TOOK
8
16
5
1 bunch salad onions, sliced
4cm piece root ginger, peeled
and chopped
3 whole star anise
2 lemongrass stalks, finely chopped
3 x 500g tubs beef stock
200g pack rice noodles
2 x 200g beef rump steak, lean,
trimmed of fat
300g bag beansprouts
235g pack pak choi, halved lengthways
1tbsp Thai fish sauce
1tsp light muscovado sugar
Juice of lime, plus wedges to serve
1 red chilli, seeded and sliced
Coriander leaves, to garnish
MEANING
25
0
3
1 2
3
1 2
NEWS
2-27
VOICES
14-18
TV
28-29
IQ
30-39
Maths Puzzle
Codeword No 1973
How to play Fill the empty squares with
numbers that will make the across and
down calculations produce the results
shown in the grey squares. Each numeral
from 1 to 9 must only appear once. The
calculations should be performed from
left to right and top to bottom, rather than
in strict mathematical order.
How to play The numbers in the grid correspond to the letters of the alphabet.
Solve the puzzle and fill in the letters in the key as you discover them.
Three letters are provided to give you a start. The solution will be printed in
tomorrow’s paper, the solution to yesterday’s codeword is on page 49.
7
21
Easier
+
x
+
9
-
-
2
57
20
15
9
14
9
x
x
x
3
3
14
2
+
x
12
22
4
3
22
22
8
26
26
2
15
9
26
24
5
3
21
14
25
2
5
13
14
9
9
3
14
21
22
3
26
5
9
5
6
10
15
4
22
6
17
22
3
8
10
22
10
20
9
14
13
1
5
23
3
12
22
14
2
Word
Ladder
15
2
15
11
1
15
26
22
15
5
5
15
22
14
24
8
22
9
14
17
22
8
9
21
1
19
22
22
8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
W
F
ROLE
MEAN
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Need a little help getting started? Then call for up to four extra clue letters on
0901 292 5204. Calls cost £1 plus your telephone company’s network access charge
(if you are having trouble with the phone service, call the helpline: 0333 202 3390).
Or text THEI CLUE to 85100 to receive your clues. Texts cost £1 plus your
standard network charge (if you are having trouble with the text service, call the
helpline: 0333 335 3351). Clues change each day at midnight.
-1
21
DOWN
1 Unit of distance (9)
2 Watch (7)
3 Sentimental
(Informal) (5)
4 Pub (Slang) (6)
5 Necessary (7)
6 Go into (5)
10 Mid-morning
snack (9)
12 Whim (7)
14 Very many
(Informal) (7)
15 Channel Island (6)
17 More than
enough (5)
18 Hawaiian
greeting (5)
Stuck on the concise crossword?
For today’s solutions, call 0905 789 3590.
Calls cost 80p per minute plus your network
access charge. If you are having trouble
accessing this number, please call our helpdesk
on 0333 202 3390.
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codewords.
Available on Amazon
for £4.99.
See inews.co.uk/codeword
Other i books include:
Mixed Puzzles Vol 2 (inews.co.uk/puzzle2),
Crosswords (inews.co.uk/crossword)
and Sudokus (inews.co.uk/sudoku)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
11
12
10
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
Solution to yesterday’s Concise Crossword
ACROSS 1 Eggs, 4 Calibre (Excalibur), 8 Paella, 9 Grouse, 10 Getting by, 12 Grave,
13 Stash, 16 Carpaccio, 18 Behind, 19 Utopia, 20 Suggest, 21 Knee.
DOWN 2 Grab, 3 Self-governing, 4 Crafty, 5 Loggia, 6 Brought to book, 7 Essayist,
11 Brackets, 14 Dawdle, 15 Occult, 17 Wife.
Today’s other puzzles Cryptic Crossword, page 20;
Five-Clue Cryptic, page 13; One-Minute Wijuko, page 25
Puzzle solutions See page 49 and minurl.co.uk/i
How to play Each numeral from 1 to 9 must
appear (once only) in the squares forming the
red letter i. Solution: minurl.co.uk/i
4 6
7
3
1 7 8
5 8
2
4
2
6
9
3
8
3 4
3 7 9
6
9
7
4 5
6 5 3 7 4 2
8
5
4
1
4
7 1
9
5
7
6
5
6 8 1 5
4
8
5 6
3
2
9
7 3
Tomorrow: Harder
DOUR
Concise Crossword No 2295
ACROSS
1 Is aware of (5)
4 Forbidden (6)
7 Items left
behind (4,8)
8 Cheerful (5)
9 Compel
compliance with (7)
11 Deep ditch (6)
13 Attractiveness (6)
16 Instance (7)
18 Fruit (5)
19 Seasonal
weather (5,7)
20 Cure (6)
21 Female relatives (5)
idoku Exclusive to i
Sudoku Easier
6
20
43
i TUESDAY
3 APRIL 2018
CAST
8
O
How to play
Convert the word
at the top of the
ladder into the
word at the bottom
of it, using only
the four rungs
in between. On
each rung, you
must put a valid
four-letter word
that is identical
to the word above
it, apart from a
one-letter change.
There may be more
than one way of
achieving this.
18
16
+
-
23
19
8
15
7
+
x
36
22
7
+
21
17
Harder
+
18
x
17
15
26
30
+
18
22
x
x
+
9
5
19
BUSINESS SPORT
40-41
47-56
Maths Puzzle,
Word Ladder, Word
Wheel, Kakuro,
Minesweeper,
ABC Logic, Killer
Sudoku, Futoshiki,
Codeword,
Jigsawduko and
Wijuko created by
Clarity Media.
For more
puzzles,
see clarity-media.
co.uk
Terms &
Conditions
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ABC Logic
How to play Place the letters
A, B and C exactly once in each row and
column. Each row and column has two
blank cells. The letters at the edge of a row/
column indicate which of the letters is the
first/last to appear in that row/column.
Solution: minurl.co.uk/i
B
C
C
B
A
A
A
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
Word Wheel
This is an open-ended puzzle. How many
words of three or more letters, each
including the letter at centre of the wheel,
can you make from this diagram? We’ve
found 55, including one nine-letter word.
Can you do better?
H
I
L
L
T
E
A
Y
C
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BUSINESS SPORT
40-41
47-56
i TUESDAY
3 APRIL 2018
47
COMMONWEALTH GAMES
Manyonga’s leap:
From meth addict
to world champion
Luvo Manyonga during
the World Indoor
Championships long jump
final in Birmingham last
month GETTYIMAGES
South African is favourite for long jump
gold. He tells Barney Cullum how he
hopes to inspire Gold Coast drug users
I
t’s not a story event organisers
have been promoting:
Australia’s Gold Coast, the
host city of this month’s
Commonwealth Games, is
quietly fighting a spiralling crystal
meth epidemic. Paramedics
typically contend with four
overdoses of the party drug, known
locally as “ice”, every day.
Possession of the stimulant,
which provides a highly addictive
sensation of euphoria but is
associated with stroke, psychosis
and other serious health risks,
has increased by 250 per cent
in less than a decade. One third
of all patients seeking drug
rehabilitation treatment in
the region last year cited ice
addiction, the Salvation Army say.
Queensland’s federal government
has responded by pledging Aus$3m
(£1.6m) to curbing the spread of the
amphetamine. A greater impact
could be made by the £1.095bn
invested in hosting the largest ever
Commonwealth Games.
The favourite for the long jump
is a recovering crystal meth addict.
He wants the allure of the substance
to be better understood to reduce
stigma and motivate others to seek
the support from which he has
benefited. Luvo Manyonga is that
athlete. Last year, the South African
became world champion after
jumping 8.48 metres in London’s
Olympic Stadium. His success was
achieved in the absence through
injury of Greg Rutherford, Britain’s
2012 hero. Manyonga did not take
part in London 2012. Back then he
was still smoking “tik”, as crystal
when I first did it. I was with my
meth is known in South Africa, out
friends, we had a little bit too much
of a repurposed light bulb, inhaled
to drink and then things went
through a straw.
overboard and we started trying
Manyonga received an athletics
things, everything.”
ban, though the substance
Manyonga’s trainer
is the opposite of
Mario Smith died in a car
I was just
performance-enhancing.
crash during a spell when
He says his addiction was a kid in a
the long jumper had been
township
responsible for “four lost
living at Smith’s house,
years”.
to be closer to Athletics
with money
Cape Town and the
South Africa’s training
wanting to
Gold Coast have a stark
facilities. Some have made
have
fun
–
I
rich-poor divide. Both
a connection between
didn’t
know
I
are party towns with high
this loss and Manyonga’s
was going to
living costs, inhabited by
interest in drugs. But
get hooked
young people “craving
Manyonga says: “There
instant gratification”, as
was no one thing. I was
one recovering addict told
just a kid in a township
the Gold Coast Bulletin newspaper.
with money, wanting to have fun. I
“I was just this nosey kid growing
didn’t know that I was going to get
up, wanting to have fun, experience
hooked and become an addict and
things,” Manyonga says. “I was 18
stuff like that. I got too caught up
in it.” It’s true that Manyonga had
a tough start in life, the eldest son
of a forklift truck-driving father
made redundant many years ago
and a mother who, working as a
domestic maid, was the family’s sole
breadwinner. However, athletics
fans know Manyonga as the man
he is: brimming with happiness,
Usain Bolt-like in his charisma and
showmanship.
He likes to push boundaries. He
has said there are “no limits” to how
far he can jump and he has targeted
becoming the first man to jump
nine metres. “I was born relaxed,”
Manyonga adds. “It’s natural to me.
I don’t like to stress myself with
things I can’t change.”
More than a quarter of tik
patients in the Western Cape are
younger than 20. More than one in
three patients seeking help from
drug rehabilitation centres in Cape
Town are doing so for addiction
to crystal meth, more than any
other drug, according to a study
published in the journal Neurology,
Neurosurgery and Psychiatry last
year. It is illuminating to hear that
Manyonga didn’t recognise himself
as an addict until he failed a drugs
test and was suspended from
competing.
But he has emerged unscathed
and credited rehabilitation for
helping him fight the “daily
challenge” of temptation. He
encourages others to seek the
help that has empowered him to
maintain his health and restore his
sense of direction. Manyonga, who
went all of last year unbeaten, may
serve as a fresh reference point
for Gold Coast residents, too, this
month. THE INDEPENDENT
Results service
CRICKET
SECOND TEST MATCH
NEW ZEALAND V ENGLAND
CHRISTCHURCH (Day 4 of 5): New Zealand,
with all second-innings wickets in hand, require 340 runs to beat England
New Zealand won toss
ENGLAND — First Innings 307 (Bairstow 101,
Wood 52, Southee 6-62, Boult 4-87)
NEW ZEALAND — First Innings 278 (Watling
85, de Grandhomme 72, Southee 50, Broad
6-54, Anderson 4-76)
ENGLAND — Second Innings 202-3 (Vince 76,
Stoneman 60)
Second Innings Contd
Runs
*J E Root c Watling b Wagner
54
B A Stokes c Raval b de Grandhomme
12
†J M Bairstow c Nicholls b Wagner
36
S C J Broad c Sodhi b de Grandhomme
12
M A Wood b de Grandhomme
9
M J Leach not out
14
Extras (b4 lb3 w2 nb3)
12
Total(for 9 dec, 106.4 overs)
352
Fall: 1-24, 2-147, 3-165, 4-262, 5-262, 6-282,
7-300, 8-312, 9-352.
Did Not Bat: J M Anderson.
Bowling: T A Boult 28-5-89-2, T G Southee 194-65-1, C de Grandhomme 26-2-94-4, N Wagner
22.4-5-51-2, I S Sodhi 11-0-46-0.
NEW ZEALAND — Second Innings
Runs
T W M Latham not out
25
J A Raval not out
17
Extras
0
Total(for 0, 23 overs)
42
To Bat: *K S Williamson, L R P L Taylor, H M
Nicholls, †B J Watling, C de Grandhomme, T G
Southee, I S Sodhi, N Wagner, T A Boult.
Bowling: J M Anderson 9-5-9-0, S C J Broad 8-316-0, M A Wood 2-0-13-0, M J Leach 3-1-4-0, J
E Root 1-1-0-0.
Umpires: M Erasmus and B N J Oxenford.
FOURTH TEST MATCH
South Africa v Australia, Johannesburg: South
Africa 488 (136.5 overs; A K Markram 152, T
Bavuma 95no, A B de Villiers 69; P J Cummins
5-83) & 344-6dec. (105.0 overs; F du Plessis 120,
D Elgar 81; P J Cummins 4-58). Australia 221
(70.0 overs; T D Paine 62, U T Khawaja 53, P J
Cummins 50) & 88-3 (30.0 overs).
SECOND TWENTY20 INTERNATIONAL
Pakistan v West Indies, Karachi: Pakistan
205-3 (20.0 overs; Babar Azam 97no, Hussain
Talat 63). West Indies 123 (19.2 overs).
Pakistan beat West Indies by 82 runs.
MCC UNIVERSITY MATCHES—Cambridge
MCCU v Notts (Fenner’s) Match Abandoned
without a ball bowled. Gloucs v Cardiff
MCCU (Bristol): Gloucestershire 359-5.
Kent v Oxford MCCU (Canterbury): Kent
100-3. Sussex v Loughborough MCCU (Hove):
Sussex 337-7. Warwicks v Durham MCCU
(Edgbaston): Warwicks 299-4dec. Durham
MCCU 35-1. Worcs v Leeds/Bradford MCCU
(New Road): Match Abandoned without a ball
bowled. *All matches no play yesterday due
to rain, Final day today 11am start.
THE SKY BET CHAMPIONSHIP
P W D L
39 26 7 6
39 24 8 7
39 20 12 7
39 20 10 9
39 17 14 8
40 18 9 13
40 16 14 10
40 16 14 10
40 18 8 14
40 15 15 10
40 15 13 12
39 15 8 16
40 15 8 17
40 13 13 14
40 13 11 16
40 11 14 15
39 13 7 19
39 9 13 17
39 9 12 18
39 9 12 18
39 10 6 23
39 7 13 19
40 6 13 21
40 7 10 23
Wolves
Cardiff
Fulham
Aston Villa
Derby
Middlesbro
Bristol City
Millwall
Sheff Utd
Preston
Brentford
Leeds
Ipswich
Norwich
QPR
Sheff Wed
Nottm Forest
Hull
Reading
Bolton
Birmingham
Barnsley
Sunderland
Burton Albion
Bristol City (0).............0
Burton A (1)......................1
Sordell 6
Ipswich (0)..........................2
Waghorn 52, 54
F
71
62
68
61
57
56
56
50
53
49
56
52
49
42
49
48
43
53
45
34
29
39
43
29
A
34
33
41
37
38
39
45
39
45
42
47
54
51
50
57
54
56
59
57
58
57
58
72
71
Pts
85
80
72
70
65
63
62
62
62
60
58
53
53
52
50
47
46
40
39
39
36
34
31
31
Brentford (0) ......................1
Maupay 80
Att 22,049
Middlesbrough (0)........1
Assombalonga 90
Att 4,468
Millwall (1).............................2
Cooper 27
Saville 60
Att 16,010
Nottm Forest ..............P Barnsley ............................... P
Postponed - due to waterlogged pitch.
Preston (0)........................0 Derby (0)...................................1
Lawrence 53
Att 13,520
QPR (1)...................................4 Norwich (1)............................1
Luongo 39
Manning 38 (og)
Smith 55
Att 14,053
Eze 60
Manning 80
Sheff Utd (1)......................1 Cardiff (0)................................1
Clarke 28
Pilkington 90
Att 25,231
Sunderland (0).............1 Sheff Wed (0).......................3
Honeyman 61
Lucas Joao 59
Lees 68
Nuhiu 75
Att 29,786
SKY BET LEAGUE ONE
Bradford ...........................P Walsall .................................... P
Postponed - due to waterlogged pitch.
Charlton (1).......................3 Rotherham (0)...................1
Zyro 28
Wood 77
Aribo 54, 65
Doncaster ........................P AFC Wimbledon .......... P
Postponed - due to waterlogged pitch.
Fleetwood Tn (0)........2 Bristol Rovers (0)..........0
Hunter 79
Att 2,890
Hiwula 89
MK Dons (0)......................1 Blackburn (2) ......................2
Pawlett 72
Armstrong 12, 45
Att 11,215
Oldham (0) .........................2 Blackpool (1)........................1
Byrne 60
Vassell 37
Doyle 85
Att 4,309
Peterborough (2)........2 Northampton (0)............0
Baldwin 12
Att 8,619
Marriott 14
Portsmouth (1).............2 Wigan (0) .................................1
Pitman 40 (pen)
Grigg 89
Lowe 55
Att 17,842
Scunthorpe ...................P Plymouth ............................ P
Postponed - due to waterlogged pitch.
Shrewsbury (1).............3 Oxford Utd (0)....................2
Whalley 40, 64
Thomas 62
Nolan 47
Rothwell 73
Att 7,191
Southend (4)...................4 Gillingham (0)....................0
Turner 8
Att 8,466
Robinson 11
Kightly 18
McLaughlin 40
Blackburn
Shrewsbury
Wigan
Rotherham
Peterborough
Charlton
Portsmouth
Scunthorpe
Plymouth
Bristol Rovers
Bradford
Southend
Fleetwood
Doncaster
Gillingham
Blackpool
Oxford Utd
Walsall
Oldham
Wimbledon
MK Dons
Northampton
Rochdale
Bury
P
39
40
38
40
40
39
40
40
39
40
38
40
40
38
39
40
39
39
38
39
40
41
37
39
W
24
24
24
20
16
17
19
15
17
16
16
14
14
12
12
11
12
11
11
11
10
10
8
7
D
10
9
8
6
13
10
4
15
9
6
5
11
9
13
13
14
10
11
10
9
12
10
14
9
L
5
7
6
14
11
12
17
10
13
18
17
15
17
13
14
15
17
17
17
19
18
21
15
23
F
74
55
72
65
63
53
51
57
51
56
49
49
53
47
43
46
55
47
52
37
40
36
38
32
A
36
33
25
49
49
47
48
48
47
60
56
59
57
45
47
52
61
58
66
50
54
69
46
59
Pts
82
81
80
66
61
61
61
60
60
54
53
53
51
49
49
47
46
44
43
42
42
40
38
30
SKY BET LEAGUE TWO
P W D L
F
A Pts
Accrington
39 25 5 9 66 40 80
Luton
41 22 11 8 84 43 77
Wycombe
41 21 11 9 75 55 74
Exeter
40 21 6 13 54 45 69
Notts County 41 18 13 10 61 43 67
Coventry
40 19 8 13 50 38 65
Lincoln City
39 17 13 9 56 42 64
Mansfield
40 16 15 9 57 43 63
Swindon
39 19 4 16 60 59 61
Carlisle
40 16 12 12 57 49 60
Colchester
40 15 13 12 49 44 58
Newport C
39 13 15 11 49 50 54
Cambridge
40 14 12 14 42 52 54
Crawley Town 40 15 8 17 50 57 53
Cheltenham
41 12 12 17 59 60 48
Stevenage
40 12 12 16 54 57 48
Yeovil
38 12 9 17 53 59 45
Crewe
40 13 4 23 50 65 43
Morecambe
39 9 15 15 38 48 42
Port Vale
40 10 12 18 43 55 42
Forest Green 39 11 7 21 47 67 40
Grimsby
41 9 11 21 33 63 38
Chesterfield
38 9 7 22 41 68 34
Barnet
41 8 9 24 37 63 33
Accrington Stanley 1 Notts County 0; Carlisle
0 Lincoln City 1; Chesterfield P Newport
County P; Coventry 2 Yeovil 6;
Crawley Town 1 Swindon 1; Crewe 2 Port
Vale 2; Exeter 2 Cheltenham 1; Forest Green 1
Colchester 2; Luton 2 Mansfield 1; Morecambe
P Cambridge Utd P; Stevenage 4 Barnet 1; Wycombe 2 Grimsby 1.
VANARAMA NATIONAL LEAGUE
Aldershot 0 Eastleigh 2; Barrow P AFC Fylde
P; Dag & Red 2 Maidstone Utd 1; Ebbsfleet
United 2 Dover 1; FC Halifax P Gateshead
P; Hartlepool 0 Guiseley 1; Leyton Orient P
Maidenhead Utd P; Macclesfield 1 Chester FC
0; Sutton Utd 0 Bromley 3; Torquay 2 Woking
1; Tranmere P Solihull Moors P; Wrexham 0
Boreham Wood 1.
RUGBY LEAGUE
BETFRED SUPER LEAGUE
Castleford (0)............... 6 Warrington (10).........18
Castleford: Tries: Holmes. Goals: Gale.
Warrington: Tries: T. King, Clark. Goals:
Ratchford (5).
Catalans D (4)............ 27 Huddersfield (6).............6
Catalans Dragons: Tries: Broughton (2),
Jullien, Mead (2). Goals: Gigot (3). Drop Goals:
Gigot. Huddersfield: Tries: Murphy. Goals:
McIntosh. Att: 8,853.
Hull (8).............................. 27 Wakefield (18)...............26
Hull: Tries: Abdull, Kelly, Talanoa (2). Goals:
Sneyd (5). Drop Goals: Sneyd.
Wakefield: Tries: Tupou (2), Caton-Brown (2).
Goals: Batchelor (5).
Leeds (12) .......................20 Salford (0) ............................0
Leeds: Tries: Briscoe, Handley, Walters.
Goals: Watkins (4).
Widnes (6) ....................... 6 St Helens (16) ................28
Widnes: Tries: Albert. Goals: Gilmore.
St Helens: Tries: Morgan, Percival (2), Barba,
Makinson (2). Goals: Richardson (2).
Wigan (26) ....................44 Hull K R (0) ...........................6
Wigan: Tries: S. Tomkins, Farrell (2), Williams, L. Marshall (4). Goals: S. Tomkins (6).
Hull K R: Tries: Atkin. Goals: Shaw.
P W D L
F
A Pts
St Helens
9 8 0 1 256 102 16
Wigan
8 6 0 2 246 109 12
Warrington 10 6 0 4 186 155 12
Leeds
8 5 1 2 156 129 11
Hull
9 5 0 4 210 184 10
Castleford
7 5 0 2 111 132 10
Wakefield
8 4 0 4 154 138
8
Widnes
9 3 0 6 165 185
6
Salford
9 3 0 6 142 190
6
Huddersfield 9 2 1 6 120 243
5
Hull K R
9 2 0 7 140 216
4
Catalans D
9 2 0 7 119 222
4
SNOOKER
CHINA OPEN, BEIJING, 1st rd: M Allen (N Ire)
bt Noppon Saengkham (Thai) 6-1; M Williams
(Wal) bt T Un-Nooh (Thai) 6-1; C Yupeng
(Chin) bt L Brecel (Bel) 6-4; R Walden (Eng)
bt H Akbar (Pak) 6-0; S Bingham (Eng) bt M
Stevens (Wal) 6-5.
TODAY’S FIXTURES
(Football 7.45pm unless stated)
FOOTBALL
UEFA CHAMPIONS LEAGUE QUARTER-FINAL
FIRST LEG
Juventus v Real Madrid..........................................................
Sevilla v Bayern Munich .......................................................
THE SKY BET CHAMPIONSHIP
Aston Villa v Reading ...............................................................
Bolton v Birmingham (8) .......................................................
Fulham v Leeds..............................................................................
Wolverhampton v Hull...........................................................
SKY BET LEAGUE ONE
Bury v Rochdale............................................................................
VANARAMA NATIONAL LEAGUE
Barrow v AFC Fylde ..................................................................
LADBROKES SCOTTISH PREMIERSHIP
Hibernian v Hamilton..............................................................
Motherwell v Aberdeen..........................................................
Ross County v Partick..............................................................
LADBROKES SCOTTISH CHAMPIONSHIP
Dundee Utd v Dumbarton....................................................
Dunfermline v Livingston ...................................................
Inverness CT v Brechin...........................................................
Queen of the South v Falkirk..............................................
LADBROKES SCOTTISH LEAGUE TWO
Berwick v Stenhousemuir...................................................
Cowdenbeath v Montrose....................................................
VANARAMA NATIONAL LEAGUE NORTH:
Stockport Co v Tamworth.
BOSTIK PREMIER DIVISION: Billericay v
Tonbridge Angels.
CRICKET
FOURTH TEST MATCH—FINAL DAY OF FIVE:
South Africa v Australia (Johannesburg,
09.00am).
SNOOKER
CHINA OPEN (Beijing).
TENNIS
WTA VOLVO CAR OPEN (Charleston, S
Carolina).
WTA ABIERTO GNP SEGUROS (Monterrey,
Mexico).
48
SPORT
i racing
It’s the Principle
that counts as
20-1 shot wins
Irish National
By Jon Freeman
RACING EDITOR
Gordon Elliott threw 13 darts in an
almost fanatical bid to win his first
Irish Grand National at Fairyhouse
yesterday and it was one of his outsiders, 20-1 shot General Principle, who
hit the bulls-eye in a fantastic finale.
At the end of an incident-packed
three miles, five furlongs in bogheavy ground, four horses from the
field of 30 were separated by just half
a length, General Principle, ridden by
J J Slevin, edging out Isleofhopendreams, Forever Gold and Bellshill.
Isleofhopendreams and Bellshill
(subsequently demoted
for badly interfering
with the unlucky
fifth, Folsom Blue)
are trained by
Wi l l i e M u l l i n s ,
who had earlier
dominated the day,
thanks largely to
Getabird and Un De
Sceaux. But the afternoon’s big result has given
Elliott (above) a commanding lead
over his great rival as he closes in on
his first Irish trainers’ title.
“We ran 13 and General Principle
wasn’t one of our leading candidates,”
confessed Elliott, who later in the afternoon notched up a record 200th
win of the season. “But it’s unbelievable to win an Irish National at last.
We were under a fair bit of pressure.”
Welsh teen sensation James
Bowen has been booked to ride
Shantou Flyer in the Aintree Grand
National on Saturday week with
the chance to become the youngest
jockey ever to win the world’s most
famous steeplechase.
Bowen turned 17 last month and
will be three months younger than
Bruce Hobbs was when he partnered
Battleship to victory 80 years ago.
FAIRYHOUSE
GOING:HEAVY
BOYLESPORTS JUVENILE HURDLE (GRADE 2) (CLASS 1)
4YO €37,611 added 2m
1
12311P MITCHOUKA (CD) G Elliott 11 3.......................................D N Russell
2
4-1 MSASSA (D) W P Mullins 11 0................................................... N Fehily
3
412516 PETE SO HIGH (D) G Elliott 11 0 .........................................D O’Regan
4
31 SAGLAWY (D) W P Mullins 11 0 ......................................P Townend
5
15 SALDIER (D) W P Mullins 11 0 ..........................................D J Mullins
6
12716 VENEER OF CHARM (D) G Elliott 11 0...............Jack Kennedy
7
1 EOLINE JOLIE W P Mullins 10 7...............Rachael Blackmore
8
211543 GREY WATERS (D) Joseph P O’Brien 10 7..................J J Slevin
- 8 declared BETTING: 9-4 Veneer Of Charm, 3-1 Saglawy, 9-2 Saldier, 6-1 Mitchouka,
8-1 Msassa, 10-1 Eoline Jolie, 12-1 Pete So High, 14-1 Grey Waters.
RYBO HANDICAP HURDLE (GRADE A) (CLASS )
€88,496 added 2m
1 41F10U LANDOFHOPEANDGLORY (CD) Joseph P O’Brien 5 11 7....
..............................................................................................................................J J Slevin B,T
2 19060P TIGRIS RIVER (D) Joseph P O’Brien 7 11 7.....L P Dempsey T
3
6F0/4P ABBYSSIAL (CD) W P Mullins 8 11 5 .........Mr W J Gleeson (7)
4
F2/890 VOIX DU REVE W P Mullins 6 11 3.....................N M Kelly (5) H
5
F72/90 MAX DYNAMITE (D)(BF) W P Mullins 8 11 2.....Rachael Blackmore
6
224510 MERI DEVIE (D) W P Mullins 5 11 1 ............................D J Mullins
7
207-41 JOEY SASA (D) N Meade 9 11 0 ..........................Jonathan Moore
8
121234 MORGAN (D) G Elliott 6 11 0..................................Jack Kennedy H
9
2-3F4P PRAVALAGUNA W P Mullins 6 10 13..........................B Hayes H
10 2-2212 IMPACT FACTOR (D)(BF) J Harrington 6 10 12 .....R M Power
11 -38P32 KARALEE (BF) W P Mullins 7 10 12 ...............................N Fehily T
12 1-4160 DUCA DE THAIX (D) G Elliott 5 10 11...................D N Russell T
13 430341 GRAND PARTNER (CD) T Mullins 10 10 11...........B J Cooper
14
1-636 DESTIN D’AJONC G Elliott 5 10 10 ...........................B J Geraghty
15 406311 OFF YOU GO (D) C Byrnes 5 10 10 ...................................M P Walsh
16 543/11 URADEL (D) W P Mullins 7 10 8 ......................................P Townend
17
1530 BOHERBUOY (D) N Madden 6 10 5 ............................N P Madden
18
515-5 ORION D’AUBRELLE W P Mullins 5 10 5.....Jonathan Burke
19 722212 DIS DONC (D)(BF) N Meade 5 10 4.........................S W Flanagan
20
1155 GRAN GESTE (D) Miss E Doyle 5 10 2...........Jody McGarvey
21 488972 VEINARD G Elliott 9 10 2.......................................................D O’Regan T
22 2B263P TARA DYLAN Thomas Mullins 6 9 10..........................M Enright
- 22 declared BETTING: 6-1 Off You Go, 7-1 Impact Factor, 8-1 Grand Partner, Morgan,
10-1 Uradel, Joey Sasa, 12-1 others.
JOHN & CHICH FOWLER MEMORIAL EBF MARES
CHASE (GRADE 3) (CLASS 1) €33,186 added 2m 4f
1
183411 YOUCANTCALLHERTHAT (CD) D Hogan 7 11 5.......D G Hogan
2
146132 DINARIA DES OBEAUX (C)(D)(BF) G Elliott 5 11 1.....................
........................................................................................................................D N Russell C,T
3
1-1212 ASTHURIA (CD) W P Mullins 7 10 11...................P Townend H
4 P-3PP2 BONNY KATE (C)(D) N Meade 8 10 11...........S W Flanagan B
5
1F2202 MAGIC OF LIGHT (C)(BF) Mrs J Harrington 7 10 11..................
..............................................................................................................................R M Power C
- 5 declared BETTING: 7-4 Asthuria, 2-1 Dinaria Des Obeaux, 4-1 Youcantcallherthat,
Bonny Kate, 8-1 Magic Of Light.
3.10
4.10
5.15
LINGFIELD
GOING:STANDARD
ENHANCED PLACES AT 188BET HANDICAP (CLASS 5)
3YO £7,021 added 5f
1
22221- GOLD FILIGREE R Hughes 9 8............................................S W Kelly 4
2
1772- DOTTED SWISS (C) R Hannon 9 7..........................T Marquand 3
3
31040- FIRENZE ROSA (CD) J Bridger 9 4................................... L Morris 6
4
-31222 SIR HECTOR (CD) C Wallis 9 4...........................................W Carson 7
5
2506- PRINCESS KEIRA M Quinn 9 4.................................... Fran Berry 2
6
7-3112 WARRIOR’S VALLEY (CD)(BF) D C Griffiths 8 12......A Atzeni T 5
7
48473- BLESSED TO EMPRESS (D) A Murphy 8 10.......D Probert 1
- 7 declared BETTING: 11-4 Warrior’s Valley, 10-3 Sir Hector, 7-2 Dotted Swiss, 4-1
Gold Filigree, 10-1 Blessed To Empress, 12-1 Princess Keira, 16-1 others.
188BET UP TO 75 CASH BONUS NOVICE STAKES (CLASS
5) 3YO £5,800 added 1m
1
76- APEX PREDATOR S Durack 9 2 ....................................... D Probert 7
2
870- CLAN MCGREGOR S Durack 9 2.......................................S W Kelly 1
3
3- KAWASIR R Varian 9 2...............................................................J Crowley 8
4
2526- KEY PLAYER Eve J-Houghton 9 2.................................... C Bishop 5
5
22- OSTILIO S Crisford 9 2 ........................................................A Atzeni H,T 3
6
7 POSSIBLY SO D Elsworth 9 2...................................................S Levey 4
7
83 SIR FRED Miss J Feilden 9 2................................ Milly Naseb (5) 6
8
6- CROSS MY MIND R Beckett 8 11 .................................... L Steward 2
9
54- TESORINA (BF) W Knight 8 11 ....................................H Bentley H 9
- 9 declared BETTING: 13-8 Ostilio, 11-4 Kawasir, 11-2 Key Player, 7-1 Tesorina, 10-1
Cross My Mind, 14-1 Apex Predator, 16-1 Possibly So, 33-1 others.
188BET CASINO HANDICAP (CLASS 4)
£9,750 added 6f
1
261-84 SANDRA’S SECRET (CD) J L Eyre 5 9 7......Jane Elliott (5) 2
2
321210 BERNIE’S BOY (CD) P McEntee 5 9 7 ......Nicola Currie (5) C 3
3
8412-4 BUCCANEERS VAULT (D) P Midgley 6 9 6......Georgia Cox (3) 6
4
907-60 TUNDRA (CD) A Carson 4 9 2 ............................................. W Carson 5
5
8-1565 DUTIFUL SON (CD) Emma Owen 8 9 1............... J P Spencer 1
6 610576 TAVENER (C)(D) D C Griffiths 6 8 13................Fran Berry C 4
- 6 declared BETTING: 9-4 Sandra’s Secret, 5-2 Buccaneers Vault, 5-1 Dutiful Son, 6-1
Tavener, Bernie’s Boy, 12-1 Tundra.
CHAMPIONS LEAGUE BETTING AT 188BET HANDICAP
(CLASS 5) £7,021 added 2m
1
5200/6 PLANETOID (CD) Suzi Best 10 9 13.......................... R Winston 4
2
33132/ WOLF OF WINDLESHAM (D) S Edmunds 6 9 12...... J Crowley 9
3
607-24 RETRIEVE (C) J Farrelly 11 9 10.. Megan Nicholls (5) B,T 8
4
5/3-38 ARGANTE (D) H Spiller 9 9 10..................................Fran Berry B 5
5
1116/1 LE TORRENT (D) S Dow 6 9 9 .....................................T Marquand 3
6
7-4818 FRENCH MIX (C) A Dunn 4 9 6.............................................L Keniry 6
7
1655-9 MULTIGIFTED (D) M Madgwick 5 9 5 ...............G Wood (3) T 1
8
3212/1 MASTER BURBIDGE (CD) N Mulholland 7 9 2................................
........................................................................................................................ J P Spencer C 7
9
9-5476 THREEDIAMONDRINGS (C) M Usher 5 8 5.........................................
.................................................................................................... Nicola Currie (5) C,T 2
- 9 declared BETTING: 7-4 Master Burbidge, 5-2 Wolf Of Windlesham, 5-1 Le Torrent,
8-1 Retrieve, 14-1 Argante, 16-1 Threediamondrings, 20-1 Planetoid,
French Mix, 25-1 Multigifted.
2.20
3.55
4.25
5.00
top
tips
BEST BET
Kawasir
(3.55pm, Lingfield)
Expensive yearling. Showed
considerable promise on
Kempton debut last autumn.
NEXT BEST
Le Torrent
(5pm, Lingfield)
Recently overcame lengthy spell
on sidelines to win in some style.
More to come.
ANTE-POST
Shantou Flyer has been chalked up
at 50-1 for the Grand National.
RESULTS
WOLVERHAMPTON
Going: Standard
1.00 1. LAST PAGE (A Kirby) 5-1; 2. Foreseeable Future 7-2; 3. U S S Missouri 11-10 fav. 9 ran. nk, nk. (P Evans). NR: Rotherhithe.
1.30 1. BOSHAM (H Shaw) 16-1; 2. Raffle King 8-1; 3. Powerful Dream 14-1.
9 ran. 11-4 fav Midnightly (5th). 3/4l, 2l. (M W Easterby).
2.00 1. SAVALAS (T Eaves) 2-1; 2. Wings Of The Rock 4-1; 3. Kyllachy Dragon
13-8 fav. 4 ran. 2l, 21/4l. (K Ryan). NR: Big Time Maybe.
2.35 1. SEVEN CLANS (A Kirby) 7-2 fav; 2. Scrutiny 13-2; 3. Boycie 5-1. 10
ran. 11/4l, 1l. (N Mulholland). NR: Spes Nostra.
3.10 1. BARTHOLOMEU DIAS (O Murphy) 2-9 fav; 2. Zarjaz 6-1; 3. Fleeting
Fame 20-1. 5 ran. 13l, 11/2l. (C Hills). . NR: Morning Skye.
3.45 1. SOCIETY POWER (James Doyle) evens fav; 2. Vale Of Kent 6-4; 3.
Myboyhenry 5-1. 3 ran. nk, 41/2l. (W Haggas). NR: Zalshah.
4.20 1. CRITICAL THINKING (S Donohoe) 5-1 jt-fav; 2. Ubla 17-2; 3. Showdance Kid 16-1. 12 ran. 5-1 jt-fav Herm (9th). 1l, 11/4l. (David Loughnane).
Jackpot: £10,000.00.
Placepot: £155.00. Quadpot: £17.00.
Place 6: £91.15. Place 5: £79.53.
FAIRYHOUSE
Going: Heavy
5.00 1. GENERAL PRINCIPLE (J J Slevin) 20-1; 2. Isleofhopendreams 16-1;
3. Forever Gold 20-1; 4. Folsom Blue 11-1. 30 ran. 13-2 fav Pairofbrowneyes
(Fell). hd, 1/2l, 3/4l. (G Elliott). Tote: €32.10; €6.30, €4.30, €5.40, €2.40. Exacta:
€1171.50. Tricast: €6442.38. Trifecta: €10279.90. CSF: €289.29.
CRICKET
Bairstow backs England
to snatch last-day win
ENGLAND
Root 54, Malan 53;
De Grandhomme 4-94
NEW ZEALAND
307 &
352-9 dec
278 &
42-0
By Chris Stocks
AT THE HAGLEY OVAL
England’s hopes of ending their Test
winter with a much-needed victory
were hampered by bad light and resilient New Zealand batting.
Joe Root’s team set the hosts 382
to win this final match of the series
after declaring their second innings
on 352 for nine.
But they were unable to break
through in 23 overs at Hagley Oval before the deteriorating light saw play
on the fourth day halted at just after
4pm with 24 overs left unbowled.
New Zealand, on 42 without loss
still require 340 to win and clinch the
series 2-0 following their innings win
in the opening Test in Auckland.
England will have to take the ten
wickets they need to break a 12-match
winless streak away from home and
end a miserable Test winter that
also included a 4-0 Ashes series
hammering in Australia on a high.
This is the second time since assuming the captaincy last year Root
has set the opposition a target in excess of 300 to win a Test.
West Indies produced a huge shock
to chase down 322 at Headingley
last August.
Yet New Zealand, who need only
draw this match to win their first Test
series against England since 1999,
are unlikely to take too many risks in
going for the runs.
That will make England’s task even
harder and they have a right to feel
aggrieved they will almost certainly
not get in all their overs because of
the unwillingness of the match officials to start the final day half an
hour earlier.
England will also be disappointed
not to have made progress after the
hosts started their second innings
under leaden skies, perfect condi-
Joe Root made 54 for
England against New
Zealand at the Hagley
Oval. England require
10 wickets on the final
day to level the Test
series AP
We’ve got
three sessions to
bowl and take 10
wickets. There’s
definitely
enough in the
pitch for us to
take the wickets
tions for James Anderson and Stuart
Broad. The one chance England did
create after Anderson found Tom
Latham’s edge on 23 was put down by
James Vince at third slip.
It means the odds are stacked
against them to seal a win that would
at least give Root and his players
something to cling to ahead of the upcoming home summer.
“We’ve got three sessions to bowl
and take 10 wickets,” said wicketkeeper Jonny Bairstow. “If the light
and weather comes into it, there’s
nothing we can do about it.
“But there’s definitely enough in
the pitch for us to take the wickets.
“We’ve beaten the outside-edge
consistently, there were some chances created and positive things we can
take into tomorrow.
“We know the pressures it comes
with, batting to save the game. Sometimes it makes you play slightly differently.” THE INDEPENDENT
Scoreboard, p47
Du Plessis takes South Africa to brink
SOUTH AFRICA
Du Plessis 120, Elgar 81
Cummins 4-58
AUSTRALIA
Burns 42
488 &
344-6 dec
221
88-3
Captain Faf Du Plessis led from the
front with a century to leave South
Africa on the brink of their first home
Test series win over Australia since
1970. Du Plessis turned his overnight
34 into his eighth Test hundred, finishing with 120 as the Proteas closed
in on a victory in the fourth and final
Test which would seal a 3-1 series
triumph.
The hosts declared on 344 for
six in their second innings, setting
Australia a victory target of 612
Morne Morkel took
the wickets of both
Australian openers
in Johannesburg. When bad light
forced an early finish on day four, the
tourists were on 88 for three. Morne
Morkel, in his final Test, trapped Australian openers Matt Renshaw (five)
and Joe Burns (42) lbw, with Keshav Maharaj accounting for Usman
Khawaja (seven) in the same fashion. That left Peter Handscomb and
Shaun Marsh attempting to delay the
inevitable. Australia must score 524
runs in a single day to claim a worldrecord run chase, and surely only
poor weather will halt South Africa.
Dean Elgar (81) hit South Africa’s
second-highest score in their second
innings, while Temba Bavuma and
Vernon Philander added an unbroken 71-run stand before the home
side declared at tea.
NEWS
2-27
VOICES
14-18
TV
28-29
IQ
30-39
BUSINESS SPORT
40-41
47-56
i TUESDAY
3 APRIL 2018
49
GOLF
Poulter just sneaks
through the tiniest
crack to make it
back to the Masters
telling him from the day he turned
pro with a handicap of 4. Don’t do
it, mate, You’ve got no chance. To
Poulter, that sentiment is an invite to
raise hell.
CHIEF SPORTS
CORRESPONDENT
To recap. Poulter thought he
AT AUGUSTA NATIONAL
had done enough to qualify for the
Masters via the conventional world
Ian Poulter unleashed. Yes he’s on his ranking route, understanding that
way, the loudest bark in the golf king- by reaching the quarter-finals of
dom about to echo around Augusta the Dell Matchplay Championship
courtesy of a very Poulter-like suc- in Mexico the week before he had
cess, one borne of a little talent and slipped into the world top 50. In
sheer bloody-mindedness.
fact he was misinformed,
Poulter’s victory at
and fell the wrong side
the Houston Open on
of the magic number
Sunday, via a playby le ss th a n o ne
off, earned him the
ranking point.
87th and final spot
He was told of the
Ian Poulter sank a
in the Masters field.
error teeing off in his
20-foot putt at the
He was always headquarter-final
match
last to force the
ing to Augusta this
against Kevin Kisner
play-off against
week, but not to play.
and took that disapBeau Hossler
The Stevenage massive
pointment into the conwas booked to talk us into
test, losing at the earliest
submission from the Sky comconvenience, the 12th hole. “I
mentary box. Forget that, there was was a little warm under the collar,”
a crack in the Augusta admissions Poulter said. “Some people getting in
window through which he might my head space, which is never good.”
sneak and he could not say no.
He went to his Florida home in“When you want something bad tending to rest up for a week before
enough, then you have to go right taking up the microphone here. As
down to the bottom and grab hold the week wore on the idea that one
of what you can and come back up.” last opportunity was there for him at
That is Poulter speak for not accept- Houston proved impossible to ignore.
ing what everybody else has been
Still, having never won a stroke-
Ian Poulter
celebrates after
sealing victory in
the Houston Open
GETTY
Kevin
Garside
20
Puzzle solutions
7
+
4
x
-
2
+
9
-
3
-
x
5
x
1
+
6
+
57
5
9
15
x
x
x
36
9
CAST
MEAN
VAST
MOAN
VASE
MOON
VALE
MOOR
VOLE
DOOR
ROLE
DOUR
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2
+
1
9
2
8
22
+
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12
4
-1
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ZYGOLEX
LEFT TO RIGHT:
cook; put; ref; fort;
chef; foot; chew;
gnaw; paw; yew;
pan; tree; tan; yen;
wok
5-CLUE CROSSWORD
Across: 1 Pa-1-nts, 3 Ladder (in hosiery), 4 Re:-Lent
Down: 1 pil-lar<, 2 Spirit
WORD WHEEL
NINE-LETTER WORD ethically
OTHER WORDS ace, ache, ale, alley, ate, aye, cell, chalet,
cheat, cite, cleat, each, eat, ell, eta, etch, ethic, ethical,
ethyl, hale, hate, heal, heat, helical, hell, hey, ice, lace, late,
lately, lathe, lea, leach, leat, let, lethal, lice, lie, lithe, lithely,
lye, tale, tea, teach, teal, tell, the, they, tie, tile, yea, yell,
yet, yeti
YESTERDAY’S CODEWORD 1972
1
I
14
Y
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R N S A B V M H U E Q T
F W D G J
K P X C L
The journey continues.
There’s life in the old dog yet.
I was patient. I waited my
time. And this is amazing
so true was the putt. Hossler, his
heart broken, rinsed his ball off the
tee in the play-off, assuring Poulter
of the win.
Not only is he in the Masters, he
has earned his playing rights on
this side of the pond until the end
of 2020, which is the real value, and
pencilled his name in the Ryder Cup
team for September’s engagement
in France. “Well done,” tweeted
Europe’s captain Thomas Bjorn,
“absolute class all day.”
So Poulter adds his name into the
fruity mix of form jockeys converging on the most eagerly-anticipated
Masters in many a year. What’s that,
he has no chance? Save your breath.
He isn’t listening. “The journey
continues,” Poulter said. “I’ve had
19 good years on Tour and I guess
I’ve got another couple coming. So
there’s life in the old dog yet.
“Last week was painful. To come
here this week, I was tired. I was
frustrated on Thursday. I was patient. I waited my time. And this is
amazing.” Wisely, Poulter delayed
his arrival here until today, choosing to spend Monday with his feet
up in Florida.
In his absence, Rory McIlroy entertained the first patrons through
the gates with an early tee time.
The sun shone, the ball flew miles
and McIlroy justified his inclusion
among the leading contenders with
some imperious ball-striking. Of
course, they all look like winners
on Monday.
RUGBY LEAGUE
+
x
3
14
6
x
7
30
-
8
+
+
x
play event on the PGA Tour, you
have to wonder why he ever thought
it a good idea. After all, at 42, the
learning curve was pretty much
exhausted and after an opening 73
he packed his bags assuming that
would be that on Friday.
Except it wasn’t. Poulter rattled
off a second-round 64, followed by
a 66, followed by a 67, including a
20-footer at the last to take young
Beau Hossler into a play-off. Poulter walked that ball in from halfway
Z O
Holbrook on a high
after Barba-inspired
Saints win again
WIDNES
Try: Albert Goal: Gilmore
ST HELENS
Tries: Morgan, Percival 2, Barba,
Makinson 2 Goals: Richardson 2
6
28
St Helens coach Justin Holbrook
spoke of his pride after seeing his
team add Widnes’ scalp to that of
Wigan. After edging out the Warriors 21-18 on home soil on Good
Friday, the Saints beat Widnes in difficult conditions at Halton Stadium.
Despite playing two derbies in
quick succession, Holbrook kept
faith with the majority of the team
and was rewarded with an impressive display. “I’m really happy to
come away with the win,” he said. “It
was tough conditions out there and
I’m really pleased to get the points.
“I’m really proud of the playing
group as 16 players of the 17 that
played against Wigan on Good Friday have backed that up today.”
Saints played with confidence and
fluidity and Holbrook said full-back
Ben Barba was key to the victory as
well as Tommy Makinson, whose
two tries included his 100th for the
club.“Ben is a fantastic player,” Holbrook said of his fellow Australian.
“He’s shown once again what he’s
capable of and he made it hard for
them. I never get tired of watching
him. Tommy has also impressed
and to bring up 100 tries is a real
achievement and again, he’s a great
pleasure to coach.”
Half-back Matty Smith made his
first appearance of the season and
although Holbrook did not comment
on speculation linking him with a
loan move, he hinted the 30-year-old
is very much part of the squad. “I’ve
said all along that Matty has been
fantastic and it’s good for him to get
St Helens’ Mark Percival
scores his side’s first try of
the game yesterday PA
Ben’s a fantastic
player who has
shown once again
what he is capable of
and I never get tired
of watching him
out there and get some game time,”
he added.
Widnes coach Denis Betts admitted the better team won and said
“stupidity” was costing his side dear.
“We just got beaten by a very good
side,” he said. “We made silly errors
that has given them 18 points. They
played with confidence and they are
running well.
“It looked like they had plenty
of energy and you do get that from
confidence. I can’t knock the players
for energy, effort and fight but
there’s stupidity in our game which
is killing us.”
50
Football
SPORT
CHAMPIONSHIP
TOTTENHAM HOTSPUR
Alli is like Pogba
and will get even
better, says Lloris
By Sam Cunningham
Anthony Pilkington wheels away
in delight after his injury-time
equaliser for Cardiff PA
Pilkington leaves Blades in despair
as Warnock closes in on promotion
SHEFFIELD UNITED
Clarke 28
1
CARDIFF CITY
Pilkington 90
1
By Danny Hall
AT BRAMALL LANE
This game was billed as a clash of
master against apprentice and, in
truth, a draw does neither Sheffield
United nor Cardiff City any big favours in the race for promotion. But
the scoreline tells only a fraction of
the story and as boyhood Blades
supporters Chris Wilder and Neil
Warnock pore over the replay, it will
tell a tale of elation and dejection.
United, under Wilder, bravely
leading the charge for a second
successive promotion via the playoffs, were vastly superior to their
second-placed opponents last night
and out-battled, out-thought and
outplayed them throughout. Ahead
through Leon Clarke’s 16th goal of
the season in the first half, United
attempted to shore up and see their
way through four minutes of added
time but couldn’t, substitute Anthony Pilkington’s injury-time equaliser
breaking Blades hearts. A Blades
victory would have seen them in the
play-off places.
The sight of Warnock, who spent
eight years as Blades manager, in the
opposing dugout made for an interesting sideshow, if any of the 25,231
fans inside Bramall Lane could bear
to take their eyes off the pitch.
Cardiff, seven points clear of
third-placed Fulham, were looking
for a club record ninth victory in a
row. Warnock attempted to paint
this clash as one of two paupers but
there was no fooling Wilder, when
Warnock named Gary Madine, a
£6m January signing from Bolton,
on the bench.
Instead, it was a £150,000 signing
from Bury who broke the deadlock
in this absorbing contest. Clarke,
on his 17th club of a nomadic career,
seems to have found a home at
Bramall Lane and after enduring
a goalless streak that stretched to
New Year’s Day, finally broke it here.
The goal was fortuitous, his effort
nicking off Sol Bamba’s legs before
spinning awwway from Neil Etheridge and nestling in his bottom
right-hand corner, but the build up
to it was crisp and incise.
John Lundstram should have
done better with an early header
from Enda Stevens’ cross and the
two combined again for Clarke’s
goal. But after chance after United
chance went begging, substitute
Clayton Donaldson hitting the post
from close-range after meeting
Stevens’ driven cross, the hammer
blow seemed inevitable and arrived
in injury time, when substitute Pilkington kept his calm to find the bottom corner with a volleyed effort.
Warnock, targeting an eighth promotion of his career, celebrated as
though it had already been clinched.
ROUND-UP
Sunderland can still bridge the gap, says Coleman
By Gareth Cox
Chris Coleman urged his
Sunderland players to keep on fight-
ing in the battle to stay up after a
disappointing 3-1 defeat at home to
Sheffield Wednesday.
Lucas Joao put the Owls ahead
in the 59th minute and, although
George Honeyman equalised two
minutes later, Tom Lees swiftly restored the visitors’ advantage and
then Atdhe Nuhui wrapped things
up 15 minutes from time.
“Nothing’s unbridgeable until it’s
mathematically unbridgeable,” Coleman said. “Performance-wise, there’s
not much more I could have asked.”
A free kick from Tom Lawrence
was enough for victory at Preston
as fifth-placed Derby ended an eightgame winless run. Derby manager
Gary Rowett said: “I couldn’t
give a monkey’s if it didn’t
look attractive.”
A last minute header
from Britt Assombalonga (right) earned
play-off hopefuls Middlesbrough at bottom
side Burton. Boro manager Tony Pulis said: “Am I
pleased with the performance?
No, but the point was important.”
Millwall extended their unbeaten
run to 11 games at Ipswich with a 2-2
draw. Jake Cooper headed Millwall
into the lead before two Martyn
Waghorn strikes after the break
turned the match. George Saville
levelled with a good finish
for Millwall on the hour
to leave the visitors one
point and two places off
the play-offs. Lions manager Neil Harris said:
“We should have won
that game. We missed
countless opportunities.”
Bristol City saw there
play-off hopes take a knock after
they were beaten at home by Brentford, with Neal Maupay scoring an
80th-minute winner.
Tottenham goalkeeper Hugo Lloris
has defended team-mate Dele Alli,
and compared the England midfielder’s recent troubled times to that of
France’s Paul Pogba.
The Manchester United midfielder has been forced on the bench by
manager Jose Mourinho while Alli
was benched by Gareth Southgate
for England’s last two friendlies before naming his World Cup squad.
The form of each has been well below
what has been expected.
“It is not easy for them because you
need to give time to them to get to the
right age, to be mature,” Lloris said, Dele Alli made a huge statement to
“but I think [Alli] has done so well for England manager Gareth Southgate
us it is a bit unfair.
“To see or to hear criticism, he is so and are targeting sustained Chamtalented – there is a lot of expectation pions League football as a minimum
and obviously in football today it is each season.
normal that things like that happen.
This will be the third season in a
But he stays calm and stays good in row Spurs have finished in the top
his mind.”
four and they are beginning to look
Alli, 21, made great strides towards as though they belong there, with
recovering his form, that has dipped victories against Real Madrid and
worryingly in the build-up
Borussia Dortmund this
to Russia, with a matchseason proving their comH
e
didn’t
winn ing performance
petitiveness in the Champiagainst Chelsea on Sun- play [for
ons League.
day, which moved Spurs England] and
“[The Premier League]
eight points ahead of their came back
is the most competitive
rivals and virtually secured wanting to
league in the world and
fourth place and Champi- show quality.
there are a lot of great
ons League football next
teams and we’ve reduced
He is ready to the gap to them and that is
season.
finish
this
“He is human,” Lloris
the main thing,” Lloris said.
said. “You can always have season strong “Tottenham has to stay at
some doubt in a difficult
this level at least. With the
time but I don’t think it
new stadium something big
is a difficult time for him. He didn’t is waiting for us and we cannot see
play [for England] and he came back this future without the Champions
to training with a big willingness to League.”
show his quality and I think he is
Team-mate Harry Kane added:
ready to finish this season strong.”
“We don’t just want to be a team that
Tottenham are determined to gets there one or two years and then
continue disrupting the established falls off. We deserve to be there. We
order of English football’s elite, with showed this year in the Champions
Alli an integral figure in their plans, League that we can compete.”
ARSENAL
Momentum key for Wilshere
ahead of Europa quarter-final
By Mark Mann-Bryans
Jack Wilshere is determined
to take the momentum from
Arsenal’s 2-0 victory over Stoke
into their Europa League clash
with CSKA Moscow.
Wilshere captained Arsene
Wenger’s side as they sealed
their fourth successive win in
all competitions. The Gunners
remain off the pace in the race for
a top-four finish so a return to the
Champions League appears to
only be attainable by winning the
Europa League.
The first leg of their quarterfinal against CSKA Moscow takes
place at the Emirates Stadium
on Thursday. “It’s a big game,” he
said. “We needed that 90 minutes
out of the way. We needed to get
the three points and keep the
momentum. Now we’ve got a big
one on Thursday and we’re ready.”
Arsenal took their time to
get going against Stoke but two
goals from Pierre-Emerick
Aubameyang and a penalty from
Alexandre Lacazette sealed it.
“Sometimes it’s like that after
an international break, it takes 45
minutes to blow the cobwebs off.
“In the second half, our
attacking play was too much for
them,” added Wilshere.
52
SPORT
Football
CHAMPIONS LEAGUE
How Klopp
worked
out the
way to beat
Guardiola
Liverpool boss
has enjoyed
more success
against his City
rival than any
other manager,
writes Tim Rich
W
hen Pep Guardiola
returned from his
year out of football,
he discovered
his enemy had
changed. It was no longer Jose
Mourinho, the dark force who had
dogged his path in two abrasive
seasons with Real Madrid.
If Mourinho scowled, Jürgen
Klopp smiled. In the Bundesliga,
the opposing managers give their
post-match press conferences side
by side, something you could sell
tickets for if it were the case in the
Manchester derby.
Despite the intensity of the
rivalry between Klopp’s Borussia
else. For Dortmund and Liverpool,
Dortmund and Bayern Munich, the
his win rate against Guardiola has
German was always comfortable
been more than Mourinho’s and
in Guardiola’s presence
Arsène Wenger’s combined.
in a way Mourinho,
Mourinho’s tactics are
who objected to the
essentially conservative.
Disneyfication of
In the 2010 Champions
Barcelona, was not.
League semi-finals,
After one defeat,
his Inter Milan side
Jürgen Klopp has
the kind that
had decisively beaten
won six times
would have had
Barcelona 3-1 at San
against Guardiola
Mourinho stalking
Siro, partly because
from their 12
towards the exits,
Barcelona had been
previous meetings
Klopp stayed behind
forced to travel to
to talk journalists
Italy by bus as a volcanic
through Guardiola’s tactics.
explosion in Iceland had
Thomas Tuchel, who
suspended flights across
succeeded Klopp at
Europe.
the Westfalenstadion,
Inter easily
was even closer.
weathered the storm
After suffering a
in the return at the
Sergio Aguero
5-1 thrashing to
Nou Camp with what
didn’t touch the ball
Bayern, he asked
Guardiola called
once in Liverpool’s
Guardiola if they
essentially the same
area when Klopp’s
could continue the
“catenaccio” tactics
men beat City in
conversation over
AC Milan had employed
2016
dinner.
when winning the
Nevertheless, there were
European Cup at Wembley in
sharp teeth to go with the smile,
1963. What they had, they held.
and Klopp was to prove a far more
Like catenaccio, “gegenpressing”
formidable opponent than anyone
was a tactic formulated in Milan,
6
0
this time by Arrigo Sacchi, who led
AC Milan to two European Cups
in 1989 and 1990. Put simply, if you
lose possession, you attack the man
who has won the ball rather than
retreating to form a defensive line,
which is the essence of catenaccio.
Both Guardiola and Klopp use
gegenpressing but they employ it
very differently. Marti Perarnau,
who is Guardiola’s closest journalist
confidant, made a study of both
men’s tactics. He concluded that
when Guardiola’s sides won the
ball they tended to funnel it back
towards their own half. Klopp’s
teams generally keep on attacking
for the very good reason that, if you
lose the ball, you are usually in an
attacking position anyway.
In Liverpool’s two wins over
Manchester City under Klopp, they
have managed to isolate Guardiola’s
key players.
Since he joined Wolfsburg in
2012, no man in the major European
leagues, including Lionel Messi,
has created more goals than Kevin
de Bruyne. In Liverpool’s 1-0 win
on New Year’s Eve 2016, De Bruyne
was so harried, mostly by Jordan
Record v Guardiola
J Klopp
A Wenger
J Mourinho
PW
12 6
14 3
19 4
D
1
3
6
L Win %
5
50.0
8
21.4
9
21.0
Henderson, that he had fewer
touches of the ball than in any full
game for Manchester City. Sergio
Aguero did not touch the ball once
in the Liverpool area.
Their first meeting, in July 2013,
was in the German Super Cup;
Bayern’s first competitive match
under Guardiola. He had just
replaced Jupp Heynckes and some
wondered why a man who had just
won a treble should have had to
make way for him.
Guardiola had half a team missing
against a club that had spent all
summer nursing their defeat in
the Champions League final and
the loss of Mario Götze to Bayern.
The situation called for a cautious
introduction. Instead, Guardiola
chose to make a statement about
the football he would bring to
NEWS
2-27
Super six: Klopp’s wins over Guardiola
B Dortmund 4-2 Bayern Munich
DFB Super Cup: Westfalenstadion,
27 July, 2013
In stifling heat, Pep Guardiola
opted for all-out attack and saw
his Bayern Munich relentlessly
picked off. Errors from Tom Starke,
standing in for the injured Manuel
Neuer, and an own goal from
Daniel van Buyten
contributed to the rout,
accelerated by Guardiola’s decision not
to play Philip Lahm
in midfield.
Bayern Munich 1-1 B Dortmund:
(Dortmund won 2-0 on penalties)
DFB Pokal semi-final: Allianz Arena,
28 April, 2015
A game that featured the most
un-Germanic penalty shoot-out
ever as Bayern missed all their
spot-kicks. Dortmund had shown
astonishing tenacity to have
made it that far. They were
reduced to 10 men and
had Aubayemang to
thank for a foothold in
the game. Klopp would
say goodbye with an
appearance in the final,
though it was lost to
Wolfsburg.
VOICES
14-18
TV
28-29
‘World Cup
will be a real
test for video
referees’
» Continued from back page
less enamoured” by VAR’s introduction following its difficult start to
life in English football, while Crystal
Palace chairman Steve Parish fears
football could be headed down an
“incredibly dangerous road”.
Bayern Munich 0-3
During Liverpool’s FA Cup fourthB Dortmund
round defeat to West Bromwich
Bundesliga: Allianz
Albion in January, the system was
Arena, 12 April, 2o14
Liverpool 1-0 Man City
used eight times, however Jürgen
Guardiola’s first season in
Premier League: Anfield, 31
Klopp refused to criticise it, telling
Munich saw Bayern win the
December, 2016
reporters after the game that VAR
Bundesliga title with seven
This was the only time Klopp took
would “become smoother and more
matches to spare, which is where
on Guardiola with his team higher
fluent in the future”.
things began to go wrong as a lack
in the table. Liverpool were a point
Video referees will be put under
of motivation seeped in. Jürgen
ahead of Manchester City when
the global microscope this summer
Klopp’s Dortmund overran them
the final match of 2016 kicked off.
in Russia, where Fifa intends to roll
to inflict Bayern’s heaviest home
The surprise was not that City
out their use at the World Cup. Moore
defeat for five years. Soon it would conceded early when Georginio
believes that what happens during
get even worse when Real Madrid
Wijnaldum (above) headed home
the tournament will have a bearing
came to Munich for the ChamAdam Lallana’s cross, but that that
on the technology’s future use.
pions League semi-finals and
their response was so feeble.
“The World Cup will be a real test
scored four.
for it,” added Moore, speaking at the
Liverpool 4-3 Man City
Legend of Sports awards, an event
B Dortmund 2-0
Premier League: Anfield,
honouring the career of Ian Rush
Bayern Munich
14 January, 2018
while raising money for a new charDFB Super Cup:
Manchester City’s
ity partnership between One Family
Westfalenstadion,
first league defeat
and the Ian Rush Foundation.
14 August, 2014
of the season was
“I think then critical decisions will
Robert Lewandan object lesson in
be made, particularly as World Cup
owski’s debut for
“gegenpressing”. Three
matches are high stakes. Fans want
Bayern saw them
of Liverpool’s goals
the decision to be right. We shall see.
deliver their worst
resulted from Guardiola’s
But Liverpool football club certainly
performance under
players being caught in
is a great supporter of VAR.”
Guardiola. They repeatedly
possession. City were 4-1 down
Liverpool take on Manchester
surrendered possession turning it
before they mounted a recovery
City tomorrow night in the first leg
into a virtual exhibition match for
while, in the absence of Virgil
of their quarter-final Champions
Neuer’s goalkeeping skills. He was
van Dijk, Emre Can screened the
League clash. The Reds are one of
unable to prevent Pierre-Emerick
back four wonderfully. Having
only three teams, alongside Shakhtar
Aubameyang celebrating the
beaten one of the finest teams in
Donetsk and Wigan, to have beaten
second by putting on a Spiderman
Europe, Liverpool promptly lost
Pep Guardiola’s irrepressible team
(above) mask as Klopp punched
to Swansea, then bottom of the
this season, defeating them 4-3 at
the air.
Premier League.
Tim Rich
Anfield in January.
City have spent in excess of £400m
under the stewardship of the Catalan manager, but Moore believes
Munich, played four forwards and
Bayern was nearly always the same, that Liverpool can compete with the
was humiliated.
whereas Guardiola tinkered with
champions-elect.
There was a heatwave over
4-2-4, 3-5-2 and 3-4-3.
“I think everything that you see
the Ruhr during the game and in
Klopp had kept Dortmund
speaks for itself on the field of play,”
Dortmund it would be a hot, false
swimming strongly against the tide said Moore when asked about City’s
dawn. Klopp’s final two seasons
for seven seasons and by the end
financial firepower. “It’s going to be
at the Westfalenstadion would
he was exhausted. Only once in all
an exciting two games, two attacking
be a fighting retreat. The loss of
their meetings were Dortmund
teams that are going to go at it.”
Götze to Bayern would be followed
or Liverpool above Bayern or
by that of his leading scorer,
Manchester City in the table. In his
Robert Lewandowski.
final season in the Ruhr,
Tuchel would oversee
Dortmund looked as if they
When
the departure of Mats
might be relegated.
Guardiola’s
Hummels.
Under the
They may have boasted side win the
circumstances, his
some of the largest
successes were all the
ball they
attendances in Europe
funnel it back more extraordinary.
but Dortmund could
In
their first meeting,
towards their Bayern
never block the road to
and Dortmund
own
half.
the club they called FC
had begun as equals.
Klopp’s
teams
Hollywood, the club which
By the time Klopp and
keep attacking Guardiola met for the last
then boasted the largest
commercial revenues in
time in Germany, the gap
the world.
appeared unbridgeable.
As it became clear Bayern Munich
It was the semi-final of the DFB
could not be stopped and opponents
Pokal, the German equivalent of
countered the gegenpressing by
the FA Cup. Klopp remarked that
dropping deeper, Klopp became
the only thing he could promise his
ever tetchier, particularly when
supporters was that Dortmund
it was suggested Dortmund had
would show “courage, fight and make Peter Moore says living in America
no Plan B. His formation against
a racket”. Against all odds, they won. gave him an understanding of VAR
IQ
30-39
BUSINESS SPORT
40-41
47-56
i TUESDAY
3 APRIL 2018
53
Sam
Cunningham
FOOTBALL CORRESPONDENT
Salah’s exit inevitable
unless Liverpool end
long wait for big trophy
A
pattern is emerging at
Barcelona. Eventually, the
Liverpool meaning you
player emailed a transfer
can accurately predict
request to Liverpool’s sporting
what will happen at the
director Michael Edwards.
end of the season: low rumblings
Liverpool’s owners, Fenway
will be heard, somewhere off
Sports Group, took the unusual
in the distance, that Mohamed
step of releasing a statement
Salah wants to leave and it will
making it clear a move was not
grow louder and louder, until
happening in that summer.
eventually the player tells the
Liverpool supporters insisted
club he wants to go, they insist he the Brazilian would never, ever
can’t, and then sell him within 12
leave. No way. Not after Suarez.
months for an exorbitant sum.
Nada. Six months later he left,
By then, Liverpool’s transfer
for £142m.
committee will have identified
After a couple of games in La
and signed the next Salah, for a
Liga, Coutinho said: “I really
relatively minimal fee, probably
want to win big titles, it was
by looking back through the
one of the reasons that made
list of extraordinarily talented
me sign for the club. I want to
young attacking players Jose
win as many as I can, I don’t
Mourinho binned off
have preferences.”
because they didn’t
There is the crux:
like defending.
Liverpool are a
We have been here
stepping stone to the
before; it is becoming
elite because they
as predictable as
do not win things.
Liverpool signing
People keep holding
Southampton’s best
the lack of a trophy
players, or as three
over Tottenham
being followed by six
and their manager
being followed by nine.
Mauricio Pochettino, but
It started with Luis
if Liverpool want to
Suarez five years ago.
stop being Barcelona’s
Liverpool
Suarez, who upon
talent factory they
are
a
stepping
signing from Ajax
have to start winning
stone...
if
they
revealed that as a kid he
trophies, too. It is six
want to
would “always choose
years since they won
Liverpool” on the
the League Cup, their
stop being
PlayStation. “I’ve never Barcelona’s
last silverware; 12 since
said it before, but they
talent factory they won the FA Cup;
were already my team at
13 since that shock
that time,” he swooned. they have to
Champions League
“It was funny, because at win trophies
triumph; almost three
the time I played on the
decades since they won
screen beside Steven Gerrard
the top flight.
and Fernando Torres, guys who
Liverpool are smart. They
were at the club when I came. To
have a delicate way of convincing
me it was a dream come true.”
players to stay long enough to
Less funny for Liverpool
get their ducks in a row, secure
supporters when, two years on,
an incredible return and line-up
his agent, Pere Guardiola, met
the next one. But if they want to
with then-manager Brendan
progress from that penultimate
Rodgers and managing director
step to the pinnacle, where they
Ian Ayre to tell them he was
once were, they cannot let go of
leaving. Less so, again, when that Salah (above). And there is only
didn’t work and the player began one way to achieve that.
giving interviews complaining
“What some people don’t
that he was being denied a
understand is that sometimes
promised transfer.
it’s a tough place to live and be a
Liverpool were able to
player as well,” Steven Gerrard
convince Suarez to stay, and
said after he ended a 17-year
play competitively, for one more
association with the club, to
season, but not even missing out
melt into the obscurity of MLS
on winning the Premier League
football at LA Galaxy. Like the
by only two points could prevent
north east, Merseyside is one
Suarez, who won the Golden
of those glorious places fuelled
Boot that season, from leaving
by what happens with their
for Barcelona, for £75m, despite
football teams.
the Uruguayan insisting he only
For players, particularly those
wanted to leave to play in the
not brought up within it, the
Champions League.
intensity is not worth the hassle
Then last summer, noise
if there is no tangible reward
started increasing that Philippe
at the end. Only then, will the
Coutinho wanted to leave for
pattern be broken.
54
SPORT
Football
PREMIER LEAGUE
Miguel
Delaney
B
Pardew
went into
tailspin
before
take-off
y the time the West
Bromwich board finally
made the decision to
dispense with Alan
Pardew, there were
any number of reasons to get rid
– specifically 13 defeats from 19
games, and a gap of 10 points to
safety – but the ill-fated mid-season
trip to Barcelona is said to have
been a considerable issue for many
in the hierarchy. Four players
getting fined reflected what might
well go down as one of the most
farcical ways a team has ever gone
down. It had got that bad, and this
at a club that had until relatively
recently been seen as a model of
organisation.
So much for that. So much, too,
for the stability from the Premier
League knowledge that Pardew
was supposed to bring to keep
them in the division. This is where
the story of West Bromwich’s
virtually certain demise touches
on a bigger theme for the
competition, just as they are about
to drop out of it.
When the club first appointed
Pardew in November, he was picked
over candidates such as Aitor
Karanka because of that knowledge
and history in the Premier League,
but also because the hierarchy
hoped he would prolong a trend of
his career.
The 56-year-old’s managerial
methods usually have an initial and
prolonged positive effect, before a
tail-off. The difference between the
brilliant 2011-12 season and struggle
of a 2012-13 campaign at Newcastle
Pardew’s reputation
was probably the clearest example
for having an instant
of this. West Bromwich were
impact was not
conscious off that eventual drop-off, evident at West
too, but were willing to overlook it
Bromwich GETTY
to benefit from the other side of the
trend and stay up.
Except, it never happened. There
never was that initial positive
impact. Having been the subject
Bromwich manager Gary Megson
of some triumphalist
(right) made the following
discussion from some
claim on the You Are The
Pardew
quarters about how
Ref International youtube
Pardew’s appointment
show, when discussing
is the 10th
was a further illustration Premier
Pardew succeeding him
of the revival of his
after a brief stint as
League boss
generation of British
caretaker this season
sacked
this
coaches like David Moyes
“Alan Pardew rang me
season,
and Sam Allardyce, the
up, he says ‘just ringing
matching
former Crystal Palace
you up to thank you for
player found his methods the record of
what you’ve done the
were getting no reaction
last 10, 11 days but you’ve
2013-14
at all.
stolen my thunder a little
Pardew had one curious
bit because usually when
reaction to this. To add to the farce
you go in as a new manager you’re
of this campaign, former West
picking it up from something that’s
gone on and you can give it that lift
but the lift had already started.”
Pardew could not continue it.
He, instead, continued other
trends, that the club did not
want. Pardew has become
the 10th Premier League
manager sacked this
season, matching the
record set by 201314. Part of that, and
more pointedly,
he has joined
Aston Villa’s Rémi
Garde, Fulham’s
Rene Meulensteen
and Newcastle’s Joe
Kinnear as one of those managers
specifically brought in to save
a club but then not allowed to
go down with the ship. It is
difficult not to see how that
trend will continue, especially
since the Premier League’s
broadcasting money has
created something of a
contradiction for the
division. The riches are
so great, it means the
need to stay in the “show”
is all the greater, and
that panics clubs into
decisions at the first sign
of trouble. This was one
reason why so many of that older
generation of managers were
given mid-season jobs, because
their know-how was seen as more
valuable for right now than new
ideas. A competition where the
long-term financial outlook is so
healthy has led to around half of its
clubs thinking in the short term.
The Baggies were also guilty of
ignoring other issues. In their rush
to impose that “know-how” to stay
in the division with an experienced
manager, they overlooked the lack of
stability in Pardew’s Crystal Palace
team at the end, and obvious signs
you could no longer rely on his old
2 Jan 2018 Albion start the new year
with a 2-1 away loss at West Ham
(2-1).
23 Jan West Brom loan in Ali Gabr
(centre-back) and Daniel Sturridge
(left, striker), and loan out Tyler Robers (striker) to Leeds.
man are sacked by the club owner
Guochuan Lai due to poor results.
Timeline of tumult Pardew at the Hawthorns
29 Nov 2017 Pardew is appointed,
replacing Tony Pulis. West Brom
have not won in 12 games and are
17th, with 12 points from 14 games.
2 Dec Pardew draws first match in
charge, 0-0 at home against Crystal
Palace.
9 Dec The first loss of Pardew’s
tenure against Swansea, away, 1-0.
13 Dec West Brom cling to a 0-0
draw against Liverpool, at Anfield.
17 and 23 Dec West Brom
lose to Manchester United
(1-2, home) and Stoke (3-1,
away).
26 and 31 Dec Draws against
Everton (0-0) and Arsenal (1-1)
at home.
13 Jan Secure only win
under Pardew, 2-0 at home
against Brighton.
20 Jan A 1-1 draw away at
Everton marks the last points the
club will gain under Pardew.
31 Jan, 3 and 12 Feb Lose 3-0 to Manchester City, 3-2 to Southampton,
and 3-0 to Chelsea.
13 Feb Club chairman John Williams
and chief executive Martin Good-
16 Feb News breaks that four Albion
players (Jonny Evans, Gareth Barry
(right), Jake Livermore, and Boaz
Myhill), stole a taxi outside a fastfood restaurant in Barcelona during
a mid-season club break. The four
were interviewed but not arrested
after the incident in the early hours.
NEWS
2-27
VOICES
14-18
TV
28-29
Moore handed
reins until the
end of the season
» Continued from back page
Pardew’s stats as coach
Brom have had a sorry season: not
only have they performed terribly on
Alan Pardew’s Premier League
the field, away from it they have had
record since 1 January 2016:
serious issues and huge upheaval.
P
W
D
L
Win %
In February, owner Guochuan
53
7
13
33
13
Lai took the unusual step of sacking
chairman John Williams and chief
Managerial career
executive Martin Goodman, while
Reading (Oct 1999 - Sep 2003)
Pardew clung on to his job.
211
102 52
57
48.3
Three days later, it emerged that
West Ham (Oct 2003 - Dec 2006)
four players – Gareth Barry, Jonny
163
67 38
58
41.1
Evans, Jake Livermore and Boaz MyCharlton (Dec 2006 - Nov 2008)
hill – had been questioned by Spanish
90
28 26
36
31.1
police for stealing a taxi outside McSouth’ton (Jul 2009 - Aug 2010)
Donalds during a mid-season break
64
34 17
13
53.1
to Barcelona.
Newcastle (Dec 2010 - Dec 2014)
They were not arrested but
185
71 41
73
38.4
Pardew was furious that his plans to
C Palace (Jan 2015 - Dec 2016)
reinvigorate the players in pursuit of
87
35 13
39
40.2
Premier League survival backfired.
West Brom (Nov 2017 - Apr 2018)
The players were fined.
21
3
5
13
14.3
When Mark Jenkins returned to
Total
West Brom to replace Goodman as
P
W
D
L
Win %
chief executive, he was left shocked
821
340 192 290
41.4
by the state of the club’s finances,
discovering record wages, transfer
fees and loan fees. They are set to being substituted during a defeat to
lose highly rated Evans for £3m
Leicester City.
in the summer, due to a
West Brom said in a staterelegation release clause
ment yesterday: “West
in his contract.
Bromwich Albion and
Pa r d e w c l a s h e d
Alan Pardew have
with Chris Brunt, who
agreed to mutually
criticised his tactics
part company today
Points above the
in the dressing room
following discussions
drop zone when
after defeat to Hudbetween both parties.
Pardew took over in
November – WBA
dersfield, and fell out
“A s s i s t a n t h e ad
are now 10 points
with marquee loan
coach John Carver will
from safety
signing Grzegorz Kryalso be leaving. The club
chowiak, borrowed from
would like to thank Alan
Paris Saint-Germain, when the
and John for their efforts and
Pole refused to shake his hand after wish them well in their future endeavours. First-team coach Darren
Moore has been placed in charge of
first team affairs until further notice.”
Pardew was appointed the successor to Tony Pulis on 29 November
with the Midlands club one point
above the drop zone.
It was not until his ninth game that
he claimed his first win – in the FA
Cup at Exeter – while a 2-0 victory
over Brighton on 13 January was the
only league triumph of his tenure.
They edged out Liverpool at
Anfield 3-2 in the FA Cup towards
the end of January but have lost
every game since – their cup aspirations ended by a home defeat
First-team coach Darren Moore takes
to Southampton.
over from Alan Pardew at West Brom
1
career trend. Pardew may have to
drop down a division, just as Albion
inevitably will.
For their part, the club are willing
to show a more patient approach
than they did in November. They
want a progressive new manager,
but are aware they may be better off
waiting until the summer because
relegation, even one a new man was
in no way responsible for, could
colour things for the future. Michael
Appleton is the favourite, but he may
have to wait. The Pardew episode
shows that is something half the
Premier League can no longer afford
to do. THE INDEPENDENT
IQ
30-39
BUSINESS SPORT
40-41
47-56
The
Sport
Matrix
The stories you
need to know
17 Feb Knocked out in
the fifth round of the FA
Cup, a 2-1 loss at home to
Southampton.
24 Feb, 3, 10, 17, 31 Mar
Lose 2-1 to Huddersfield, 1-0
to Watford, 4-1 to Leicester, 2-1 to
Bournemouth, and 2-1 to Burnley.
Speculation about Pardew’s
future is constant. There
is a confrontation with
Chris Brunt following the
Huddersfield match over
tactics and during the loss
to Leicester, Pardew and
Grzegorz Krychowiak clash
over a substitution, resulting in
a £100,000 fine to the player.
26 Mar New chief executive Mark
Jenkins says the club’s finances have
unravelled over the past year, adding
“there is no more money for wages”.
2 Apr Pardew and West Brom mutually part company after four months.
Albion are bottom of the league on
a 10-game run without a win and
an eight-game run of defeats, on 20
points from 32 games.
55
CRICKET
Pace ace Morkel
all set for Surrey
South African fast bowler Morne
Morkel, 33, is poised to join
Surrey on a Kolpak contract this
summer. Morkel, who recently
took his 300th Test wicket, is
ranked the world’s sixth-best
Test bowler and is currently
playing in his final Test match as
South Africa close in on a historic
series victory over Australia in
Johannesburg.
» Proteas close in on win, p48
FOOTBALL
FOOTBALL
Vital victories for
Shrews and Rovers
Bale not certain to
start against Juve
Blackburn and Shrewsbury
picked up vital victories in their
League One promotion charges.
Rovers won 2-1 at MK Dons as
Adam Armstrong hit a brace
despite the hosts pulling one
back through Peter Pawlett.
Shrewsbury defeated Oxford
3-2 at New Meadow, with Shaun
Whalley scoring twice. Struggling
Northampton sacked manager
Jimmy Floyd Hasselbaink after
their 2-0 defeat at Peterborough.
Zinedine Zidane refused to
guarantee that Gareth Bale will
start in tonight’s Champions
League quarter-final first leg
against Juventus. Bale has made
a timely return to fitness, scoring
twice in Real’s comfortable
victory at Las Palmas on
Saturday, but could find himself
on the bench in Turin. “I’m very
pleased with his performance.
You’ll have to wait and see if he
plays,” Zidane said.
RUGBY LEAGUE
Wane’s rocksolid defence
helps Wigan
thrash Hull
Wigan coach Shaun Wane
highlighted his side’s defensive
display as they kept Hull KR to just
one try in their 44-6 home success.
The Warriors ran in eight tries
as they bounced back from their
narrow defeat at St Helens on
Good Friday, but it was how his
side showed up in defence that
pleased Wane the most.
Wane said: “Our defence is what
really impressed me. They had
six plays on our line and normally
you would have around 25 plays. It
shows how good our D really was.”
Warrington overcame
atrocious conditions to beat
Castleford 18-6 in a mud bath at
the Mend-a-Hose Jungle. The
Wolves scored tries at the end of
each half through Toby King and
Daryl Clark. Wolves coach Steve
Price said: “That was tough going
considering the conditions. Credit
CRICKET
Pakistan powered
to victory by Azam
Pardew says incident is “unacceptable” and he “felt a bit let down”.
i TUESDAY
3 APRIL 2018
Babar Azam hit an unbeaten
97 as Pakistan wrapped up a
series victory with an 82-run win
against the West Indies in the
second Twenty20 international
in Karachi. Azam’s innings,
which came from 58 balls and
featured 13 fours and a six, helped
the world’s top-ranked T20
side to 205 for three. They then
dismissed the Windies for 123.
to Cas for going above and beyond
to get the game to go ahead.”
A 50-metre drop goal from Marc
Sneyd (above) with 90 seconds
remaining secured Hull’s dramatic
27-26 home win over Wakefield.
Ash Handley went over for
his seventh try in four games as
Super League champions Leeds
hammered Salford 20-0.
David Mead and Jodie
Broughton scored two tries apiece
as the Catalans Dragons kept
under-fire coach Steve McNamara
in his job for another week with a
27-6 defeat of Huddersfield.
» Saints seal Easter double, p49
Sport on tv
Cricket: South Africa v Australia
Sky Sports Cricket, 8.55am
Snooker: China Open
Eurosport, 12.25pm
Tennis: Volvo Car Open
BT Sport 1, 3pm
Football: Juventus v Real Madrid
BT Sport 2, 7pm
Football: Sevilla v Bayern Munich
BT Sport 3, 7pm
Football: Fulham v Leeds
Sky Sports Football, 7.30pm
‘The journey continues’
Poulter to tee it up at
Masters following amazing,
last-gasp qualification
» Kevin Garside on golf’s survivor, p49
Exclusive
By Peter Rutzler
Sport
Liverpool chief executive Peter
Moore has revealed the club will
vote in favour of the introduction
of video assistant referees in the
Premier League, saying “technology belongs in the game”.
Top-flight clubs are due to debate
whether to introduce VARs for next
season in a shareholders’ meeting on 13 April, with a wholesale
introduction and a testing period
thought to be on the table.
Clubs including Crystal Palace,
Stoke City and Huddersfield Town
have expressed their concern
about the use of the technology at
the top level after initial teething
problems. However, Moore told i
that Liverpool are fully behind the
introduction of the technology.
“The club is supportive [of
VAR],” Moore said. “We have
looked at it, and I have had the benefit of living in America for the last
30-odd years so I’m used to watching video replays.
“It does work well in the MLS,
and what you are seeing is that it
takes a number of years to iron out
the kinks to get the communication right – how you communicate
to the fans, how it’s done quickly
and who makes the decision.
“I think it’s going to be a rocky
start at the World Cup, but after
12 to 18 months we’ll forget that
it ever wasn’t with us. I am huge
fan of technology and it belongs in
the game.”
This season, VAR has been
trialled in English cup competitions, becoming a source of great
controversy in the process.
Major complaints persist concerning the length of time it takes
to make decisions as well as the
negative effect the process has
on the spectacle inside stadiums,
with fans feeling left in the dark
about when VAR is used and for
what purpose.
Stoke City chairman Peter
Coates has said that he is “less and
03.04.18
P52
FOOTBALL
How Klopp
figured out the
formula to beat
Guardiola
P50
FOOTBALL
Blow for Blades
as Cardiff
snatch a
last-gasp point
Liverpool
back VAR
ahead of
Premier
League vote
» Continued on p53
West Brom set to wait until
summer to replace Pardew
» Manager leaves WBA on brink of relegation » Club to take stock after the drop
P47
COMMONWEALTH
GAMES
Former meth
user Manyonga
hopes to inspire
Aussie addicts
By Sam Cunningham
FOOTBALL CORRESPONDENT
Alan Pardew has left West Bromwich Albion following a run of nine
straight defeats and with the club
bottom of the Premier League.
West Brom are 10 points behind
17th-placed Crystal Palace and are
almost certain to be relegated, with
just six games still to play. Coach
Darren Moore is set to take over as
caretaker manager and is expected
to remain in the position until the
end of the season, when they will
look to appoint a new manager
with the aim of earning promotion
back into the top flight, barring an
unprecedented recovery.
Pardew, 56, was only appointed
in November to replace Tony Pulis,
who has never been relegated, and
presided over a 21-game spell which
included just three wins, five draws
and 13 defeats. It goes down as one
of the most dismal tenures at a
Premier League club.
Pardew was prepared to stay
at West Brom even if they were
relegated and wanted to rebuild
the squad in his image. But after
lengthy discussions with club officials following the defeat to Burnley
on Saturday, it was decided that he
would stand down.
Leicester City assistant manager
Michael Appleton is thought to be
of interest as a potential successor.
West Brom were also keen on former
Watford and Hull City manager
Marco Silva, but the Portuguese’s
ambitions lie at a higher level. West
» Continued on p55
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