April 2018 | 40 U B R SC -A- DUB! 5N FU Food Fake-Outs Page 24 E LEPHANT Grandmothers Page 32 Shoes Made of TIRES! Page 20 America’s leading children’s magazine is now in India! h t n o M s i h T n u F p u n a e l C t Close ganize ather or f is h g helpin lp him Daksh is n you he a C . t e s clo shoes? the hall pairs of e h t ll a match FOUR WAYS TO Celebrate Trees Signs of Spring SCRUB -A- DUB! 5 FUN Food Fake-Outs Page 24 ELEPHANT S hoe Made s Grandmothers Page 32 America’s leading chil dre n’s magazin TIRESof ! Page e is now in 20 India! | 40 3. Send a thank- My s Photo ry e t An you letter to your local park-service workers. sw 4. Write a poem about your favorite tree. e 38 . April 2018 only food that grows on trees. pag Can you fin this magazine? at another place in 2. Make a snack using on icturectsures Find tdheaech P of these 10 pi collage by gluing leaves, twigs, and bark to paper. er When it is spring, the leaves and flowers of several trees change colors. The Indian cherry blossom comes alive during spring and so do the Flame of Forest and Golden Shower trees. What signs of spring can you see? 1 . Create a nature Tongue Twister Mohit and Mallishka move to music. Dear Reader By Richa Shah, Managing Editor firstname.lastname@example.org APRIL 2018 • VOLUME 5 • ISSUE NO. 61 Editor, Publisher & Printer: Paresh Nath Managing Editor: Richa Shah Copy Editor: Apeksha Shetty Design Team: Kadambari Khedekar EDITORIAL OFFICE: Delhi Press Building, E-8, Jhandewala Estate, Rani Jhansi Marg, New Delhi-110055. Email: email@example.com For more information, visit www.delhipress.in/highlightschamps Printed & published by Paresh Nath on behalf of Shobhika Media Private Limited. Printed at PS PC Press Private Limited, 50 DLF Industrial Area Phase-I, Faridabad, Haryana–121003 New Delhi–110055. This copy is sold on the condition that jurisdiction for all disputes concerning sale, subscription and published matter will be in courts/forums/tribunals at Delhi. ADVERTISEMENT & PUBLICATION OFFICE: Delhi Press Building, E-8, Jhandewala Estate, Rani Jhansi Marg, New Delhi-110055. Phone: 41398888, 23529557-62. Fax: 91-11-23625020. Ahmedabad: Phone: 079-26577845, Fax: 07926577063/32989438 Agra: Phone: 0562-3215820 Bangalore: Phone: 080-22029851/22267233 Bhopal: Phone: 0755-2573057 Chennai: Phone: 044-28413161/32994005/28554448 Jaipur: Phone: 0141-3296580 Kolkata: Phone: 033-22298981/22175315 Kochi: Phone: 0484-2371537 Lucknow: Phone: 0522-2218856 Mumbai: Phone: 022-24101192/65766301 New Delhi: Phone: 011-23416313/23417268 Patna: Phone: 0612-2685286 Secunderabad: Phone: 040-27896947/27841596 For subscription contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Highlights—U.S. Team Editor in Chief: Christine French Cully Creative Director: Marie O’Neill Editor: Judy Burke Art Director: Patrick Greenish, Jr. Senior Editors: Joëlle Dujardin, Debra Hess, Carolyn P. Yoder Associate Editor: Linda K. Rose Assistant Editor: Annie Beer Rodriguez Copy Editor: Joan Prevete Hyman Editorial Assistant: Allison Kane Senior Production Artist: Dave Justice Contributing Science Editor: Andrew Boyles CEO: Kent S. Johnson Vice President, International: Andy Shafran Editor, International Publishing: Julie Stoehr The Orange Primate On my trip to the island of Borneo, I hoped to see orangutans in the wild, and not in a sanctuary or a park. We were staying in a lodge on the Kinabatagan river. To see the orangutans, we had to take a boat along the river in the early morning, because that’s when they are most active. We were lucky to see the orangutans on our safaris in the wild, and these primates were saintly compared to the other arboreal monkeys making a racket on the islands. Solitary and silent by nature, the bright orange primates spend their time swinging from one tree to another looking for food. When they get tired, they lie on a strong, leafy branch and, with arms stretched upwards and one leg over the other, doze off in the afternoon sun. The orangutans are quite human-like when you look at them closely—the way they scratch themselves, how they turn on their backs to eat food if someone is watching. The similarity is most pronounced in the way they walk and hold things. The young ones are also cheeky and playful and will always stay close to their mother, who cares for her offspring for eight years. Read about these big primates in My Sci (pages 26–27). Since it’s spring, and the weather still not very hot, go ahead and observe the animals in your neighborhood. I would be excited to know how you think we are similar to them and how we differ from each other. Your friend, This magazine of wholesome fun is dedicated to helping children grow in basic skills and knowledge, Think Green! Finished with this issue? Save it to reread, or pass it along to a friend, classroom, or library. If it’s too worn to be read anymore, please recycle it. creativeness, in ability to think and reason, in sensitivity to others, in high ideals and worthy ways of living— for children are the world’s most important people . in TM April icer Spw e Pot of the o10nly VOLUME 5 • ISSUE NO. 61 7 ou comm have st s mo spice lling i d use teria-k . c ba owers p Dear Highlights Champs, TM —Talia How thoughtful, Talia! Here are some ideas. 1 Think of what would make 2 Make a sign or card you smile. Cookies? Some wildflowers? A drawing? that says “Welcome!” Get your gift ready. new neighbors. They’re sure to appreciate your kindness! 8 28 11 4 3 With a parent, visit your 6 BrainPlay 7 Kites 8 Earth Day Birthday 10 Goofus and Gallant Do you like mealtime to be noisy or quiet? 36 Gallant Kids Navya Singh files a petition to save her favourite park in Delhi. 12 Crafts 14 Hidden Pictures Puzzle 19 A Week of Passover Lunchboxes Matzo every which way! A butterfly clip, Easter crafts, and more. TM Calling all campers! Sky flowers on string-stems. April wants to plan her own party this year. TM Gallant is happy when his friends do well. APRIL 2018 16 No Goalie Jamshed is upset when Coach makes him the goalie. 20 Walking in Tires 22 Travel Trek John and Fadzai love their thornproof sandals. Join Wanda D. World and Ed Venture on their journey. 24 Dessert for Dinner? 26 My Sci 28 Surprise your friends! Swinging through the trees with a mama orangutan. Your Own Pages See more drawings by creative kids like Shreyas. Elephant Grandmothers Learn about elephants’ communication. 34 Cleopatra Finds Her Voice Cleopatra became the first Egyptian queen to learn the language of her people. 30 32 Mystery of the Missing Painting One new painting, and one missing painting? Hmm. 35 36 The Timbertoes TM Ma solves a problem—and makes a game more fun. What’s So Hot About Spices? Does eating spicy food make you healthy? 38 Riddles What did the bread do on vacation? Shreyas Krishna, Age 9 39 Paws and Think 40 Ask Arizona 43 Picture Puzzler APRIL 2018 TM Visiting a designer’s studio. TM When project partners don’t pull their weight. Hedgehog field day! 5 Take y o brain ur on a hike ! w e three ays to en m a tertain yourself with no toys. N START O? imals n a h Whic u think do yo ute? are c W H Y? Why might people name their boats? ou Do y a lw nt ay a se w at what you What would it be like to transfer to a new school? How is worrying different from thinking? WHAT MAKES SOMETHING A “STORY”? If you c o a comp uld connect ut brain, w er to your you wa hat would nt it to do? Do you like mealtime to be noisy or quiet? WHY? “That bunch of rocks looks like a turtle!” said Kiya. What else could look like something it’s not? 6 APRIL 2018 Which of your favorite activities are for outside only? ? WH I’m Shar the s ky h boat.ark THED EN Kites By Cynthia Porter Art by Charlotte Cooke When brightly colored kites reach for the sun, sway in the windy light, pull their string-stems higher and higher, then— sky f lowers blossom. APRIL 2018 7 “I’d like to plan my own party this year.” Earth Day Birthday By Jody Jensen Shaffer Art by Roger Simó “I just want a normal birthday party,” April told Bhavika as they walked home from school. Bhavika knew what April meant. April’s parents loved the environment. And because April happened to be born on Earth Day, all her parties had an Earth Day theme. “Remember when you turned seven?” Bhavika said. 8 APRIL 2018 “How could I forget the Throw-Out Blowout?” said April. “We helped out at your garage sale and donated the money to charity. And when you turned eight— ” “It was a Tree Spree,” finished April. “We planted mangoes.” “Last year, we all collected newspapers to recycle,” said Bhavika. “The Print Sprint.” April groaned. Bhavika giggled. “I thought it was fun.” Later that night, as April loaded the dishwasher, she said, “I’d like to plan my own party this year.” “Sure,” said Mom. “We could have a Compost Carnival.” “Great idea!” said Dad. April cleared her throat. “I’d like to go to Maze Craze instead.” “Really?” said Dad, surprised. “I guess we could do that,” said Mom. April couldn’t wait for her birthday! She and her friends would have so much fun. And they wouldn’t have to think one bit about the earth. At school the next day, April told her friends. “I’m having my birthday party at Maze Craze!” “You are?” said Jinal. “But we always do something earthy on your birthday.” “Remember that chameleon we found two years ago?” said Tanay. “Yeah,” said April. “This year, we’re not even going outside.” “Oh,” Tanay said. The following weekend, everyone gathered in the parking lot outside of “This year, we’re not even going outside.” Maze Craze. “Thanks for coming,” said April. “I’ve been so excited about my party. No shovels. No collecting recyclables. Nothing earthy about it.” She shifted her feet. “Then I got here this morning and saw this parking lot.” April’s friends glanced around. Plastic bottles bounced across the cement. Newspapers and fast-food The kids fanned out across the parking lot. sacks clogged the storm drain. Shopping bags rustled in the trees. “Even though I wanted a non-Earth Day birthday, I couldn’t have fun knowing this mess was out here. Can we pick up the garbage in the parking lot first, then go through the maze?” “Of course!” said her friends. April’s parents grabbed some gloves and trash bags from the trunk of their car. The kids fanned out across the parking lot while their parents watched for traffic. Before long, they had filled three bags with bottles, cans, and paper to recycle. April looked at the bags and smiled. It felt good to do something for the earth. And with everyone pitching in, it didn’t take long. “Happy Earth Day, everyone,” said April. “Now I’m ready for Maze Craze.” “Happy birthday, April!” shouted her friends. Goaondfus Gallant TM Goofus and Gallant are twins who are very differentone is selfish and thoughtless, the other gentle and caring. There’s some of Goofus and Gallant in us all. When the Gallant shines through, we show our best self. “Nice job, Sam!” says Gallant. “No fair! You always get good grades,” says Goofus. Gallant waits for a break so he doesn’t disturb the performer. “Be right back. I’m going for a snack,” says Goofus. YOUR Goofus and Gallant Moments “I felt like Goofus “I felt like Goofus “I feel like Gallant when I hit my friend in when I stomped.” when I fill my dog’s Shina, Age 7 the nose when I was water bowl.” Lucy swatting at a bug.” Cameron, Age 8 10 APRIL 2018 Tell us when you’ve felt like Goofus or Gallant! Visit HighlightsKids.com or write to A-4, Shriram Industrial Estate, Wadala, Mumbai-400031, Maharashtra Email: email@example.com Art by Leslie Harrington. Gallant Kids Navya Singh receives an award for her efforts to save the public park. Petition For A Park Navya Singh likes to call herself an environmentalist. Now eight years old, she, with the help of her father, saved a 30-year-old children’s park that was about to be demolished and replaced with a community center in her neighborhood in Rohini, New Delhi. Navya and her friends would regularly play in a park in their neighborhood. One day, when she went there with her father, she saw the ground was being dug up. Looking at the huge machines and construction workers, she asked her father about what was going to happen to her park. Her advocate father, Mr. Dheeraj Kumar Singh, informed her that the Delhi Development Authority (DDA), Photo by Dheeraj Kumar Singh the body that oversees public development in Delhi, had decided to convert the public park into a community center. They decided that the children’s park would remain instead of the community center being built. Navya was sad when she realized that her park would be gone and because there were only a few places left for children like her to play, she decided that she would really like to save the park. She discussed with her father about what she could do to save it, and they decided that she could petition against the DDA and try and retain it. Navya received huge support from the residents of the area, as well as her friends and By Anshika Gupta teachers. She wrote slogans and poems to create awareness among the people in the neighborhood about the park and the environment. The judges praised Navya’s efforts. They decided that the children’s park would remain, and the community center plan was scrapped. Navya had explained in her petition that there was already an existing community center a short distance away. Navya’s petition saved the park that now is an outlet for kids to play and enjoy the beauty of nature. She is currently studying in the grade 2 and has decided to keep up with her efforts to save the environment as well as other public spaces. Highlights Champs is proud to know this Gallant kid. APRIL 2018 11 Crafts Easter Basket By Susan Fulcher 1. Cut the top off 2. Poke two holes in a square tissue the box. Use metal box. Cover it with fasteners to attach a cardstock. Make an ribbon as a handle. egg out of colored Tape down the ends of the fasteners. Add paper. Glue it to the box. Easter grass. Binder nder Clip Butterfly By Régine ine Frank 12 APRIL 2018 1. For the body, fold a short chenille stick in half and twist the halves together. Bend one end to form a head shape. 2. For antennae, glue two pieces of thread to the head. Craft samples by Buff McAllister. Photos by Guy Cali Associates, Inc. Craft Challen ge! Make a bookmark out of cardsto ck, craft stick s, and chenil le sticks. Egg Hunt and Matching Game For 2 or More Players By Sherry Timberman 1. Cut an even number of eggs from craft foam. 2. Decorate them with craft foam so that each egg has a match. Around the World TO PLAY:s gg Hide the e house r u around yo backyard. or in your s r who find The playe g in atch the most m . w pairs ins An Earth Day Game for 2 or More Players By Channing Kaiser 1. Cut a large circle from blue poster board. Cut seven continents from colored paper. Label them 1–7. Use markers and colored paper to decorate them. Glue them to the circle. 2. Cut 15 cards from cardstock. Write a challenge on each card, such as “Skip in a circle for 10 seconds” or “Do your best imitation of a lion.” 3. Add wiggle eyes. Glue the body to the top of a binder clip. 4. Cut wings from craft foam. Decorate them with markers. Glue them to the sides of the binder clip. Let them dry. 5. Use the butterfly to hold a bag closed or to clip papers. TO PLAY: Using small stones as game pieces, players take turns tossing their pieces onto the board. If the stone lands on a continent, the player is safe. If the stone lands in an ocean, the player must draw a card and complete the challenge. Players use scrap paper to keep track of each continent they visit. The first player to travel to all seven continents wins. APRIL 2018 13 TM Want ae? challeng 15 Ring-Tail Tales By Kelly Kennedy In this big picture, find the kite, glove, hat, banana, arrow, crayon, fried egg, comb, scissors, eyeglasses, paper clip, button, broccoli, and toothbrush. 14 APRIL 2018 k page Fold bac the to hide clues. picture Picture Clues kite glove hat JOKES “Knock, knock.” “Who’s there?” “Shamp.” “Shamp who?” Teacher: Abby, can you please spell mouse? Abby: M-O-U-S. Teacher: What’s at the end? Abby: A tail. “Isn’t that what you use for your hair?” Abby Kemp Isaiah Tinker arrow banana crayon Gunjan: Why did the melon jump into the river? Asmita: Because it wanted to be a watermelon! Kruti Shah comb fried egg Madhvan: What type of bus has no passengers, stairs, or doors? Shreya: A sylla-bus! One day, a man visited a ranch for the first time. He looked at the animals and asked the cowboy, “How come that cow doesn’t have any horns?” The cowboy answered, “Well, some cows have horns, some cows don’t, and that there is a horse.” Johanna Fuchtman Make us laugh! Samantha scissors eyeglasses Kabir: What streets do ghosts haunt? Anagha: Dead-ends! Send a joke or riddle, along with your name, age, and address, to TM A-4, Shriram Industrial Estate, Wadala, Mumbai-400031, Maharashtra Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Amir Sharif paper clip button broccoli toothbrush BONUS Can you also find the lollipop, snail, fish, and flyswatter? Batter Up By Natalie Rompella Use the clues to help these friends get into the correct batting order. Avni and Gauri will be next to each other. Dhruv will be next to Kia. Answer on page 38. Jay will not be next to Avni or Dhruv. APRIL 2018 Kia will bat first. Avni will not bat last. 15 Ja m k Ta r Ba l a a sh he GAME ON! Da s d Jamshed Daksh Tara Bala I’m No Goalie! Jamshed didn’t like his new position, but his teammates were counting on him. By Rich Wallace Art by Steve James, Gerald Kelley T he ball was moving fast, straight toward the corner of the goal. Jamshed pounced. He stretched both arms as he f lew through the air. The ball hit his fingers and bounced away. He’d made a save, but the ball was still on the field. A Hawk player darted over and kicked it in midair. Jamshed was on his knees, but he lunged toward the ball again. This time he caught it. He rolled onto the grass and stood up, both hands wrapped around the ball. The Hawks were bombarding him, but he’d made five saves in a row. Jamshed punted the ball. It f lew toward midfield, then bounced several times. Players from both teams ran toward it. The ball rolled out of bounds. Jamshed stared at his hands. “I’m more valuable when I use my feet,” he muttered to his teammate Tara, who was playing defense. “I’m no goalie. What was Coach thinking when he put me here?” “He was thinking you’d give 16 APRIL 2018 us our best chance to hold the lead,” Tara said. “Three more minutes. If you shut them down, we’ll win the title.” Jamshed bounced up and down, keeping his eyes on the action. He’d scored two goals in the first half, helping the Cobras build a 3–2 lead. He wanted to score again. Instead, he’d spent the entire second half trying to stop the Hawks from scoring. Jamshed sighed. He’d played goalie a few times this season and had done well. But that was during regular games. This was for the championship. Tara was clapping her hands. “Let’s go, Cobras!” she yelled. Their friend Daksh, who was Jamshed dived for the line drive. running near Tara, broke into a smile. “Let’s go, Hawks!” he called. Daksh was the top scorer in the league. He’d used some tricky moves in the first half, scoring one goal for the Hawks and assisting on another. His shots were as hard as rockets. Jamshed rubbed his palms together. He’d stopped a few of those rockets. But he knew Daksh would be back for more. And here he was. Daksh had the ball about 30 yards from the goal. Tara and another defender rushed over to stop him, but he moved quickly to his left and passed the ball to a teammate. As Tara ran toward the ball, Daksh slipped behind her and darted to the goal. He was wide open as the ball was passed back toward him. Jamshed froze. Should he stay by the goal or try to intercept the pass? If he made the wrong choice, Daksh would score. Jamshed wasted no time. He sprinted toward the ball. He and Daksh reached it at the same time, but Daksh swept it away and turned to shoot. They were within the goal area, about five yards from the goal line, so Jamshed could use his hands. But he would risk getting kicked. He blocked Daksh’s path and managed to nudge the ball a bit with his foot. Tara and another Cobra raced over. The ball went back up the field. “Great teamwork!” Jamshed yelled as the Cobras headed for the Hawks’ goal. “Risky move,” Tara said. “Don’t leave the goal like that.” “I had no choice,” Jamshed replied. Tara nodded and pointed toward the clock on the scoreboard. “Two minutes.” Jamshed watched as his teammates passed the ball back and forth, trying to set up a shot. Tara started running up the field, too. “Don’t leave me stranded!” Jamshed yelled. He needed Tara back here on defense in case the Hawks made a charge. I’m no goalie, he thought. Tara stayed near midfield. The Cobras didn’t score, and the Hawks came racing back with the ball. Daksh moved to a spot near Jamshed. (Continued on next page) APRIL 2018 17 (Continued from page 17) “Watch him!” Jamshed called. Tara shifted toward Daksh. A hard shot from Daksh came toward the goal, but Jamshed was in a good position. He dived toward the ball and batted it away. It rolled to the side of the goal and went out of bounds. “Corner kick!” called the referee. Daksh took the ball to the corner to kick it back into play. Jamshed glanced nervously at the clock. One minute left. Daksh kicked the ball high in the air, and it f loated toward the goal. A Hawk player trapped it on his thigh and let it drop, then swung back his leg to shoot. The shot was high. Jamshed jumped and the ball banged off the top of the goal. It bounced back onto the field, and players from both teams scrambled after it. Tara kicked the ball up the field, but the Hawks brought it right back. As the final seconds ticked away, every player on the field was working frantically. Then Daksh took over. He slipped past one defender, then quickly brought the ball in the other direction. Tara stumbled as Daksh faked her out. He planted his left foot and shot with his right. Jamshed dived for the line drive. He slowed it with his hand, but it continued to wobble toward the goal. Jamshed hit the ground hard and rolled, reaching for the ball as Daksh charged toward it. As Jamshed scooped up the ball, Daksh went soaring over him. Jamshed hugged the ball tight. 18 APRIL 2018 “That was so close.” The referee checked his watch. He blew his whistle and waved his arm. “Game over!” The rest of the Cobras ran toward the center of the field, pumping their fists and cheering loudly. They had won the championship. Jamshed stood up and turned to Daksh, who was sitting on the grass looking stunned. “That was so close,” Daksh said. Jamshed reached out a hand and pulled Daksh to his feet. “You’ll have to teach me some of those fakes,” he said. “What for?” Daksh said. “You’re a goalie.” “Am I?” Daksh smiled. “Best one I’ve played against.” A goalie? Jamshed would have to think about that. He ran toward his teammates to celebrate. Do you have a sports tip you’d like to share? If so, send it to TM A Tip from the Author A-4, Shriram Industrial Estate, Wadala, Mumbai-400031, Maharashtra Email: highlightschamps @delhipress.in Many young soccer players kick the ball with the same foot every time. You’ll be twice as tricky if you learn to use your other foot, too. Rich Wallace is the author of more than 25 sports novels for kids. He has coached and played a lot of sports, too. A Week of Passover Lunchboxes Matzo topped with jelly. Buttered matzo, please. Pizza made of matzo, tomato sauce, and cheese. Matzo with egg salad. Tuna tastes good, too. Wonder how I’d like the taste of matzo barbecue. Chocolate-covered matzo— what a yummy treat. Still I’m counting down the days till I get bread to eat! —Brianna Caplan Sayres Matzo is a large, f lat cracker that is made of f lour and water. Jewish people typically eat matzo in place of bread during the eight-day religious festival of Passover. It recalls a time when the ancient Israelites rushed out of Egypt to escape slavery. Their bread didn’t have time to rise, so it baked f lat in the hot sun. You Finish the Story! What do you think will happen next? Finish the story in fewer than 75 words and send your ending to The Mysterious Manor “This house always gives me the creeps,” said Priyanka as she and Deep passed the blue house on the corner. They walked by it every day on their way to and from school. Nobody had lived there in years. “My brother says it’s not a house at all,” said Deep as he ran his fingers along the iron fence that surrounded the yard. “He says it’s really a magic portal.” Just then, the door on the house burst open and . . . A-4, Shriram Industrial Estate, Wadala, Mumbai-400031, Maharashtra Email: email@example.com Please include your name, age, and complete address. We must receive your reply by May 1, 2018, to consider it for publication. 19 Walking in Tires Sandals made of old tires help people get around Zimbabwe. Story and Photos by Cecil Dzwowa Worn-out tires are no good for a car, right? But they can be good for another type of transportation: walking! Where I live, in Zimbabwe, and in many other countries, old tires are not thrown away. Instead, craftsmen cut them up and make them into sandals. One of these craftsmen is Casper Mamutse. He runs a small sandal-making business just outside his house. “All you need are the skills,” he says. When Casper first saw a man named Isaac wearing tire sandals, he thought they looked funny. So he asked Isaac where he got them. Isaac said he had made them himself. Casper decided to buy a pair to make his friends laugh. Thorns ne s and sto er oth don’t b en h John w ng ari he’s we als. d tire san But his friends didn’t laugh. They wanted their own. Every time a friend wanted a pair of tire sandals, Casper returned to Isaac. He returned to Isaac so many times that he worried he was bothering him. “Finally, I asked him to teach me how to make tire sandals,” says Casper. 20 APRIL 2018 A New Skill For more than six months, Casper was Isaac’s apprentice. He learned how to cut and shape soles from tires. To make the right size, Casper traces a shoe sole on the tire and cuts out a sole. Casper says this is the hardest part of the process. “Cutting a tire with a knife requires as much brains as brawn,” he says. “You have to use a lot of power and concentration or else you will cut your finger along with the tire.” After the sole is cut, Casper uses a knife to peel off the soft inside part of the tire and cut it Casper runs a small sandalmaking business outside his house. Cutting a sole from a tire requires power and concentration, he says. into strips. He attaches the strips to the sole for This s an is com dal p and re lete ady to wear. “belts.” From one tire, Casper can make about four pairs of sandals for adults or about six pairs for kids. “Tractor Wheel” Design Tire sandals come in many designs. Some have f lat heels for city streets. Others have a in a car does not bother me very much,” he says. tough “tractor wheel” design for the countryside. “After all, we are still moving on tires.” The Zimbabwe countryside is full of sharp thorns and stones. Unless you have thick soles, thorns can pierce through your shoes. But strong boots are expensive, and many people walk barefoot. “Almost half of my schoolmates don’t have anything to put on their feet,” says Fadzai, a 10-year-old boy whose dad bought him a pair of tire sandals. But now they can get tire sandals, which are strong and much less expensive than leather shoes. Fadzai thinks that what his friends need now are not cars to take them to school, but shoes. In his village, there are only a few roads for cars and buses anyway. “Going to school on foot instead of GreenSole In India, two athletes, Shriyans Bhandari and Ramesh Dhami, recycle old shoes to slippers that are then distributed in villages. They get people’s old shoes by mail, from collection boxes they’ve placed in public areas, or during their initiative’s donation drives. The old shoes are washed and their soles and the uppers are separated. The soles are then made into the base of the slippers and the uppers into straps. Their initiative has distributed more than 50,000 pairs of slippers through workers and volunteers to the needy, mostly in villages. APRIL 2018 21 R E K T L E V A TR anda D. World W d n re a they discover? u t n o e d V , what d E ers lanet t By Annie Rodriguez • Art by Shaw Nielsen t o r he p t e t ob As gl plore ex 2 A Dog’s DreaAlm berta ds of In the dr y badlan , fossils of da na Ca rn in weste fferent species more than 45 di found within of this have been Park. ___ Provincial 1 Go with the Flow A Dinosaur B Snake ugh Traveling thro yon, an C nd ra Arizona’s G ver. ri is th de ri s rafter B A The Colorado The Rio Grande 4 3 Helloooo Up There Ice Cubits Hope you ’r heights! V e not afraid of enezuela Ángel is b ’s Salto elieve world’s ta d to be the llest ___. The average thickness of ice sheet is Antarctica’s continental A B about 10 about 22 tub Minars Qu ars Qutub Min deep (less deep (more than 1.6 than 1.6 meters). kilo s). ter kilome A waterfall Answers on page 38. B tree 6 5 Wanted: Scuba Div ers Smile, ers Sun Seseekason in Ocean co vers more of the pla than land n et ,b percent o ut we still have ___ f the sea to explore! is During th sun stays up e th , y a w r in No ight—and past midn doesn’t set! ts it som e s p o A S um m e r A 50 percent B Winter B 95 percent 7 Get the Lowdown If you’re standi ng lowest land on on the Earth’s surface, then you must be at the edge of the A Pacific Ocean. B 8 Dead Sea. Mountain Mystery About 75 percent of Japan is mountainous, an d those mountains include 10 percent of the world’s A 9 volcanoes. Naturally Unique B gold mines. This delta in India and Bangladesh is home to th e world's larges forest and is t mangrove spread two countrie across s. A B Sunderban Niger Delta Delta ght i S t h g Fli i t in g ut orb a r on a An ast oesn’t need is d E a r t h p e to s e e t h s s : e o telesc awesomen n a i l a r t A us B us A t a l p yp s o n t a g e n r i the G r gather l an d . Barrie Kin g I s . f Ree APRIL 2018 23 r o f t r e s Des ? R E N N I D FRUIT “COLE SLAW” Mix cantaloupe, apple, and plum sticks with a dab of vanilla yogurt. family d n a s d . ur frien o y t treats e e s i e r w p s r u y S secretl e s e h t with By Allison Kane APPLE “FRIES” Sprinkle apple sticks with cinnamon sugar. STRAWBERRY JAM “KETCHUP” GREEN APPLE “PICKLE” SPEAR Sprinkle sesame seeds along the top. COOKIE “BURGERS” Sesame seeds (Brush on a dab of honey to make them stick.) Vanilla wafers Coconut flakes (Shake up the flakes with a few drops of food coloring in a sealed sandwich bag.) Red and yellow icing Chocolate-covered mint cookie 24 Photo by Guy Cali Associates, Inc. Garden Plotting By Clare Mishica The squares below show the garden plots of Mouse, Mole, Squirrel, and Rabbit. Look at each friend’s sections of lettuce and tomatoes. Then answer the questions. 1. Which friend’s tomatoes take up the most space? 2. Which friend planted equal areas of tomatoes and lettuce? Answers on page 38. Clock Challenge Sent in by Ellie Gilma, Age 9 These clocks are all wrong! Can you figure out the correct times using the example? Example: 1:89 would be 2:29. Answers on page 38. 1 4 2:60 11:61 2 5 8:90 5:76 APRIL 2018 3 6 4:83 7:87 25 MY SC Its arms are longer than its legs, giving the orangutan a long reach among the tree branches. Spotlight On the Move with Mama For the first two years of its life, a baby hangs on to the fur of its mother as she swings through the trees. That reddish flash swinging from tree to tree on the Southeast Asian islands of Borneo and Sumatra just might be an orangutan— or two! The earth’s largest tree-dwelling primates, they are usually solitary, but a mother cares for her child for about eight years. After the young one has learned skills such as knowing where and when fruits grow and how to cross gaps between trees, an adolescent will go off on its own. An orangutan may roam a mile a day through the trees, and it makes a new nest each night. 26 APRIL 2018 Its hands and feet, each with a flexible big toe or thumb, can easily handle food, branches, and more. Tell Me Why Why do heights make us dizzy? Leo Hanley, Age 8 Many scientists who study this sensation of “height vertigo” think that it’s about balance. Three systems in the body work to balance us: the eyes, sensors in the feet and legs, and sensors in the inner ear. When the signals the brain gets from these systems “agree,” we feel balanced. But sometimes the signals conflict. When we are up high, our eyes can’t report the ground’s position accurately. When the brain can’t match up signals from the different systems, it has trouble knowing which information to trust. As a result, we may feel dizzy and disoriented. Dinosaurs By Dougal Dixon Art by Robert Squier Timurlengia tim-oor-LENG-ee-ah (after Timur Lenk, a 14th-century conqueror from the region where the fossil was found) May have also had a well-developed sense of smell compared with earlier tyrannosaurs The inside of the Timurlengia skull fossil suggests that this dinosaur had keen hearing. Scientists think this shows that good hunting senses developed in tyrannosaurs before their large size did. Thin, sharp, blade-like teeth WHERE: Uzbekistan Covering of fine feathers HOW LONG: 12 feet Body about the size of a modern-day horse WHAT IT ATE: Other small dinosaurs WHEN: 90 million years ago 252 Triassic 201 Jurassic 145 66 Cretaceous Present Cenozoic Science Meets Art Can You Resist? Make wax-resist watercolor paintings or decorated eggs! Use a wax or soy crayon (not a washable crayon) to draw on paper or on a hard-boiled egg. Then paint it with watercolor paints or dye it. The wax forms a barrier to keep the paint or dye from getting through. Why does this work? Think of your best answer, then read our explanation in Answers on page 38. APRIL 2018 27 Cleopatra wished she could understand the people’s words. By Vicky Alvear Shecter Art by Cornelius Van Wright and Ying-Hwa Hu Cleopatra Finds E leven-year-old Princess Cleopatra sailed the Nile River on the royal barge. Her father, the king of Egypt, played his flute. They were sailing from their palace in Alexandria to cities along the Nile. The king would often lead important ceremonies. Cleopatra watched for slithering crocodiles and yawning hippos. Sometimes she would catch a glimpse of a Sacred Ibis bird tiptoeing along the marshy banks. As the royal barge sailed, people crowded the banks, hoping to see the princess and her father. They sang and chanted and threw flowers. But it bothered Cleopatra that she could not understand what they said. 28 april 2018 How a future queen con Her father explained that the people of Egypt spoke Egyptian, while Cleopatra’s family spoke Greek. But her father was the ruler of Egypt! Why didn’t he and his family speak the native language? They could thank their ancestors for that, the king said. The royal family traced its history back 250 years to the time of the Greek conqueror Alexander the Great. Alexander had conquered Egypt. When he died, his Greek general, Ptolemy, took over. Ever since, all of the rulers of Egypt had spoken Greek. Once back at home, Cleopatra insisted on learning the Egyptian language. She believed that a ruler should know her people. And that meant knowing their words. The Great Library s Her Voice Cleopatra did much of her studying at the Library of Alexandria. In ancient times, books came in rolls called scrolls. Each time a ship entered the harbor at Alexandria, guards searched the boat for scrolls. If any were found, they were taken to the library and copied by scribes. The copies were returned to the boats, but the originals were kept at the library. The Library of Alexandria grew to become the largest in the ancient world, with nearly half a million scrolls. nnected with her people. Now she spoke the language of her people. Cleopatra studied hard and soon learned to speak Egyptian. But she didn’t stop there. She also learned Hebrew, Aramaic, Persian, Latin, and some African dialects. She loved learning and excelled in math and science, too. Later, when she ruled as queen, one of her first acts was to visit the city of Memphis for an important religious ceremony. This time, she spoke to the people in Egyptian. The people loved her for learning their language. She showed them respect and honor in many other ways, too. Cleopatra is remembered as a brilliant queen. She was the only Egyptian ruler in hundreds of years to learn the language of her people. april 2018 29 Your Own Pages Roshani, Age 14 Stage Fright Anusha Shukla, Age 8 I once had a faraway dream Of strawberr y shor tcake baked with frosted whipped cream. Mmm! It was such a delight on that hot, hot day. It tasted like pure joy and the beach’s cool ocean spray. The strawberries were sweet as the juice ran down my cheeks. While I watched the setting sun, in the distance were faint car beeps. Alas, it was just a breezy, delicious summer night’s dream! Swarnali Sarma, Age 8 When I got onstage, I had stage fright. Before I knew it, the lights got bright. Everyone stared right at my eyes. They didn’t even hear any of my cries. Finally, I recited my part. It was fun! I must have impressed everyone. Rhea Zhou, Age 8 Jasmine Kwan, Age 10 Vanshika Sharma, Age 6 Tomatoes are juicy. Tomatoes are sweet. Tomatoes are something special to eat. Reagan Wadas, Age 6 30 Monkeys Monkeys rock the town One, two, three, banana ra in Nighttime, sweet little creatu K isses for you, monkeys, en res Everlasting, sweet banana d the day You, monkey, wake up, sleepdreams See you later, monkey-gator yhead Amelia Hammond, Ag APRIL 2018 ! e8 Keerat Kaur Khurana, Age 9 ide, W hile I was outs I saw a kitten In a mitten Sippin’ juice. I stepped closer. ft, His fur looked so go home. But I just had to Christopher Eg My Dinner (Inspired by a Cat) I quietly watch The small mouse sits, unaware Then I quickly pounce an, Age 7 Prakhar Goyal, Age 9 Madison Alexander, Age 9 A Pretty Ballerina The ballerina dances onstage In a pink, sparkling tutu. People admire her As she twirls and leaps In front of a colorful sunset! She has some fake pearls on her pink tutu, And she wears some crystalline shoes. She jumps ever so daintily, So her shoes touch the f loor With barely a whisper! After the storm everything is wet— the doorbell that rings, our deck, and even my swing. So then I jump in a puddle, then I go inside, watch a movie, and cuddle. Marissa O’Connell, Age 7 Alëna-Irina Staško, Age 9 Ishika Kumari, Age 5 S. Shameeha Fathima, Age 10 Baby Brother Baby brother pulls my hair But he snuggles everywhere Baby brother always cries But he’s a ver y cute guy Baby brother bugs me every day But he always likes to play Baby brother drives me nutty But he is my best buddy. Emmy Bella Valdez, Age 7 Share Your Creative Work We’d love to see it! Art must be on unlined paper. Poems must have fewer than 75 words. All submissions must be created by you. We cannot return your work, so you might want to keep a copy. Include your name, age, and address. Mail to A-4, Shriram Industrial Estate, Wadala Mumbai-400031, Maharashtra Email: firstname.lastname@example.org An elephant grandmother leads her family to a new feeding area. ELEPHANT GRANDMOTHERS When Dr. Karen McComb came to Amboseli Park in East Africa, her first task was to learn the names of the one hundred or so elephants most often seen. Scientists working in the park have learned to study elephants up close by watching them By Jack Myers, Ph.D., Senior Science Editor from Land Rovers. They have a catalog of the park’s almost one thousand elephants, identified mainly by shapes and markings on their ears and tusks. When the scientists started the catalog, they gave each elephant a number until they discovered that remembering individuals by name is easier than by number. There are estimates of age for all of the elephants and even actual records (like birth certificates) for all born since 1972. Amboseli was a good place for Dr. McComb to study animal communications, and elephants were a great subject because their lifestyle depends so much on communication. An Eating Lifestyle Elephants make their living eating grasses and plant leaves. It takes a lot—about three hundred pounds a day for a grown-up. That means Dr. Karen McComb 32 april 2018 elephants need to keep moving around to find enough food. And eating takes a lot of time—more than half of each day is spent munching food and looking for more. Big elephants are rough and tough enough that they don’t have to worry about predators like lions. And there are not many diseases that threaten their lives. So elephants are generally long-lived animals. In big parks like Amboseli, where they are protected from human hunters, some live to be more than 70 years old. The real dangers to an elephant come when it is a young calf, especially when it is less than a year old and small enough to walk under its mother’s belly. To make possible their continuous search for food and to protect their calves, most elephants live in small family groups. Elephant Families A typical family group is composed of about six adult females together with their calves, both male and female. When the males get to be about 15 years old, they leave their families and go off to live in all-male groups. The family always has an old, old grandmother, the matriarch, who is the acknowledged leader. The whole group of scientists began a regular routine of spending much of each day driving through the park in Land Rovers, watching the elephants and listening to how they communicate. In searching for food, an elephant often drifts away from the rest of its family. Then it keeps in touch by special “contact calls,” just to learn what others in the family are doing. The scientists saw that an elephant had a characteristic response when it heard a contact call from another member of its family. By holding out its ears, it would show that it was listening, and then might give its own contact call in reply. Elephants have very deep voices, mostly infrasonic, with only some of their sound vibrations in the range of human hearing. They can easily hear one another from more than a mile away. Strangers or Friends? There were times when two families came within each other’s calling range. How would elephants respond to calls from members of other families? To find out, the scientists used “playback” experiments. First they used microphones to record the contact calls of 20 different females. Then they watched a chosen family through binoculars while they played back a recorded call from an amplifier on their Land Rover. Their notes and videotapes showed a wide range of responses. Some families showed a simple listening response. Other families seemed agitated, and nervously bunched together while their calves moved closer into the bunch. It was easy to see that a family could distinguish between other families by their calls. Fortunately, the park records of many years showed how often a family had been seen and how often it had been seen with another family. That gave Amboseli Park in Kenya was a good place for Dr. McComb (on the Land Rover) to study how elephants communicate with one another. a scale of familiarity—from close friends to total strangers. The calls from a friendly family gave a simple listening response. Calls from strange families were recognized with a nervous bunching response. Wise Elephants Dr. McComb and her team had learned a great deal about elephant communication, but they kept on thinking about one puzzling observation. Some families were “smarter,” or better at distinguishing calls of friends from those of strangers. In elephant families, everyone listens to Grandma. What made some families smarter than others? The scientists searched their records for an explanation. To their surprise there was only one factor of importance: The “smartest” families always had the oldest matriarchs. Evidently a family, as it did in all other activities, waited for some signal from the matriarch before responding to a strange contact call. And older, more experienced matriarchs were better at telling whether other elephants were strangers or friends just by their calls. That was an important discovery. It showed how an elephant family depends on the experience carried in the long memory of the matriarch. Dr. McComb had started out to learn a little more about elephant communication. What she discovered was a much bigger idea about the importance of grandmothers in the lives of elephants. april 2018 33 Mystery of the Missing Painting By Wendy Hobday Haugh • Art by Bob McMahon Grandma and Grandpa’s new was small. house “Did you find space to hang all your , Grandma?” Lilli asked. paintings “Grandpa hung them all this morning,” Grandma said. “I love the painting of the yellow boat They looked in every room. No ,” said Lilli. “Let’s find it!” ! Then Lilli spotted a boat by the painting . “What a pretty door , Grandma!” yellow house “Hmm,” Grandma said. “I don’t remember that one.” Lilli laughed and turned the around. “It’s the painting Grandpa hung it upside down!” 34 APRIL 2018 of the painting . boat The Timbertoes Tommy was helping Pa. This could be a ball. TM By Rich Wallace • Art by Ron Zalme Pa sanded it. Ow! My hand stings. Let’s play catch! Ma had an idea. Thanks, Ma! She sewed the fingers . . . . . . and added a pad. Soon they had a new game. APRIL 2018 35 What’s So Hot About SPICES? By Gail Jarrow and Paul Sherman Sour meat curry from India. Spicy shrimp from Vietnam. Hot tamales from Mexico. Spicy foods seem to come from countries with a tropical climate. Two scientists, Jennifer Billing and Dr. Paul Sherman, wondered why. They thought that healthy eating habits probably helped people survive. But how could eating spicy foods in hot climates make diners healthier? Spices come from plant parts: leaves, flowers, fruits, seeds, or roots. (Salt isn’t a true spice since it doesn’t come from a plant.) Chemicals in spice plants have aromas and tastes that people like. The desire for spices was so great that it affected the course of history. The Phoenicians, Arabs, and Europeans explored the world in search of shortcuts to tropical regions of Asia, where many of the popular spices grew. Christopher Columbus was looking for such a shortcut when Jennifer Billing and Dr. Paul Sherman wondered why spicy foods seem to come from countries with a tropical climate. he bumped into America. Without refrigeration, foods spoil quickly and can cause illness. Since ancient times, people have used spices to keep food from spoiling—to preserve it. The Romans used red cumin and coriander. Pirates preserved wild game for sea travel by smoking it and rubbing it with allspice. The Egyptians also knew that spices could prevent decay. They even used them in mummification. Strong Chemicals Hundreds of years ago people didn’t know how certain spices preserved foods. Since then, scientists have discovered that spices contain powerful chemicals. These chemicals protect the spice plants from bacteria, insects, fungi, and hungry animals. When we use spices, the same chemicals prevent the growth of bacteria that spoil our food and can sometimes make us sick. Besides their taste, what good are they? Scientists have tested thirty spices on dozens of food-spoiling bacteria. Every spice affected at least one type of bacterium. The super bacteria killers were allspice, garlic, onion, and oregano. These spices killed or slowed the growth of all bacteria on which they were tested. Some spices aren’t so appealing—at least until you get used to them. You probably wouldn’t cover yourself with the scent of garlic or onion if you were trying to impress your friends. Eating fresh hot peppers and chilies can blister your mouth. Then why did people start eating foods seasoned with these red-hot spices? Ms. Billing and Dr. Sherman had a clue. The two scientists guessed that people who added the spices to their food would have been healthier than those who didn’t. If that guess was right, recipes from tropical climates (where foods spoil faster and the risk of food poisoning is higher) should contain more bacteriakilling spices than those from cool climates. To test their idea, the scientists studied recipes in nearly one hundred cookbooks from all over the world. First they picked traditional dishes that used meat, since meat spoils quickly. They chose older recipes that were first used before refrigeration. Collecting more than 4,500 recipes from thirty-six countries, they listed all the spices used. The bacteria killers were the big winners! Seven of the world’s ten most commonly used spices have strong antibacterial power: onion, garlic, hot peppers, bay leaf, cinnamon, cloves, and thyme. Another finding puzzled the scientists. Pepper and lemon/lime juice ranked second and fifth in the Top Ten. This was surprising because these two spices aren’t great at wiping out bacteria. But it turns out that they boost the bacteria-killing power of other spices used with them. The Spiciest Dishes What about climate? Did warmer countries have spicier dishes? The scientists compared the average temperature of each country to the number of spices used. They found that dishes from cooler countries had few spices. (In Scandinavia many recipes have no spices at all.) Foods get spicier as the climate gets hotter. Dishes from tropical countries like Ethiopia, India, and Indonesia used the most spices in the world. They had an average of more than six spices per recipe. Recipes from hot climates also won the prize for including the most bacteria-killing spices. For example, key ingredients in curry dishes popular in India 37° 37° 42° 48° 47° 49° 54° 56° are cumin, cinnamon, and cloves, all good at killing bacteria or slowing their growth. In the United States, garlic, onion, and hot peppers are used more in the South than they are in the North. Spices in our food make it more tasty. But as scientists discovered, spices often do an even more important job. People living in hot climates had good reason to get used to strongtasting spices. These bacteria killers helped preserve foods and kept people healthy. Today we have other ways to preserve our food, such as refrigerating it and freezing it. But that tasty chili powder might still make your taco a healthier lunch. 48° 48° 59° 57° 65° 46° 51° 63° 74° 69° 58° 56° 62° 66° 54° 67° 81° 76° 80° 70° 81° 81° 82° Equator 79° Average number of spices in each meat dish. 0 to 2.0 72° 80° 75° 65° 63° 2.1–3.0 3.1–4.0 4.1–5.0 5.1–6.0 Each temperature is the average for a typical year. more than 6 The scientists found cookbooks from thirty-six different countries. The colors show that the people in most warmer nations use more different kinds of spices than those farther north and south. Some warmer countries may use large amounts of just a few spices. Do you know of any cookbooks from countries not colored in on this map? Send the titles to Highlights champs, A-4, Shriram Industrial Estate, Wadala, Mumbai-400031. We’ll send them to Dr. Sherman. april 2018 37 S L E D RI D Forest Funnies What is a police off icer’s favorite dessert? 1 Geoffrey Boden an How do you make h? ug octopus la 2 Sudhir Bhusan “Everyone takes me for granite.” How many books can you put in an empty backpack? 3 Natasha Nair page 26 Answers My Sci page 2 Fun This Month Mystery Photo —Baseball. page 15 Batter Up Kia, Dhruv, Avni, Gauri, Jay. page 22 Science Meets Art—Water and dye molecules in the paint are polar (positively charged at one end and negatively charged at the other). But wax is not very polar and has no charge. Water molecules are more attracted to each other than to wax. So they go where other water molecules go—for example, between the fibers of the paper and into the eggshell—but on the wax they just bead up. hen a bucket What happens w is embarrassed? Sammy Lott bread do on vacation? the Brendan Luff What do you get from a pampered cow? Picture Puzzler 1. B 2. A 3. A 4. A 5. A 6. B 7. B 8. A 9. A 10. A These 18 items are missing in the bottom image. page 25 Garden Plotting Shreya 7 1. Mole’s tomatoes take up the most space. 2. Rabbit planted equal areas of tomatoes and lettuce. 1. 3:00. 2. 9:30. 3. 5:23. 4. 12:01. 5. 6:16. 6. 8:27. Aaron Osinski Sarah Cover: Scrub-a-Dub! by Jennifer Harney APRIL 2018 9 8 wear Why did the model r flight? fancy clothes for he Zina De Voe Answers: 1. A copcake. 2. With ten-tickles. 3. Just one. It’s not empty after that. 4. It turns pail (pale). 5. It loafed around. 6. Spoiled milk. 7. Silverware. 8. A fictionary. 9. Because she was going on the runway. Illustration credits: Page 2: Kevin Zimmer: 6: Erin Mauterer, except (shark boat) iStock/malerapaso, (book) iStock/orensila; 15: Jokes by Rich Powell, Batter Up by Christina Brown; 19: “A Week of Passover Lunchboxes” by Stephanie Dehennin, You Finish the Story! by Mike Petrik; 25: Garden Plotting by Pat Lewis, Clock Challenge by Shaw Nielsen; 26: Josh Cleland; 27: Science Meets Art by Michaela Schuett. Photo credits: Page 2: (Cherry blossoms) Delhi Press Studio, (Mystery Photo) iStock/Nastco; 4–5: pixabay/Monicore; 6: (owl) iStock/GlobalP, (fruit platter) iStock/Azurita, (crayons) iStock/barbaramarini, (USB cable) iStock/amnachphoto, (rocks) iStock/ AndrewRafalsky, (dog) iStock/damedeeso; 26: Jeff Mauritzen. 6 What do you call a robot’s underwear? What do you call a book of made-up words? Clock Challenge 38 What did 5 page 43 Travel Trek 4 Clothing Designer’s Studio d n s w a a P Think What are some skills needed to be a clothing designer? What might designers keep in mind when creating clothes for exercise? For work? For sleep? What is “fashion”? How have fashions changed in 25 years? 100 years? 500 years? Can you imagine how styles might change in the future? If you could design an outfit, what would it look like? Art by David Coulson. I’ve been wearing the same coat for years! Ask Arizona TM I don’t like group proj ects because I always end up doing more than my share of the work. What can I do? —Overworked in Oot y Teamwork Trouble By Lissa Rovetch • Art by Amanda Morley Dear Overworked, I know exactly how you feel! I recently had a challenging time working on a group project, too. My teacher put me with three people who weren’t all that excited about getting any work done, and the experience was extremely stressful. Since my story isn’t all positive, I’ll change the girls’ names to Cookie and Cupcake, and I’ll call the boy Volcano. Our assignment was to pick one of the 29 states or seven union territories and make a brochure about it. “Let’s pick Andaman and Nicobar!” said Cupcake. “They have super-cute swimsuits.” “That is so true!” said Cookie. “Speaking of swimsuits, there are some get-ready-for-summer sales happening right now.” “Really? Maybe my mom 40 APRIL 2018 will take me shopping this weekend,” said Cupcake. I turned to Volcano. “Which state do you think we should pick?” Volcano shrugged. “I don’t care. But what happened to your hair, Arizona? It looks like it got caught in a blender!” No one in my group seemed very eager to talk about our project. The rest of Volcano’s comments during the meeting were equally “helpful.” At our next group meeting, no one seemed very eager to talk about our brochure, so I went ahead and shared the interesting facts I’d learned about Andamanese food and culture. When I was done, no one said anything, so I pulled out my notebook. “Cupcake, you had offered to search for pictures of Andaman’s sea life. Were you able to find some?” “I didn’t have time,” she answered, “but here’s a photo of me at the hotel pool in Andaman.” I looked at the picture she had taped in her notebook and smiled. “You look great, but you probably don’t count as sea life. Cookie, you were going to find some historical information. And Volcano, you were in charge of Andaman’s geography, right?” “I’ll do my part soon,” said Cookie. “I’ve been really busy lately.” “Me, too. I’ve been really busy!” said Volcano. I was getting the impression that no one but me planned to work on the brochure. “What am I going to do?” I asked my wise old cat named Cow when I got home. “Do I have to do all the work for everyone if I don’t want a bad grade?” “Since we’re working as a team, we’re all relying on each other.” “I’ll do my part soon. I’ve been really busy.” Cow didn’t even think twice. He told me with one meow, two purrs, and three tail f licks that, yes, I was expected to do the entire brochure by myself. As we set the table for dinner, my mom could tell I was stressed out. “What’s going on?” she asked. “No one else in my group is doing any work,” I told her. “So Cow and I agreed that the only way to get the brochure done is for me to do it myself.” “Well, first of all,” my mom said with a smile, “cats might not be the best advice-givers when it comes to homework. Second, I doubt you’re responsible for everyone else’s part. Why don’t you check in with your teacher about it?” When I talked to my teacher the next day, he explained he’d be grading the assignment partly on the finished brochure but mostly on our individual work. So that made me a lot less worried. And at our next group meeting, I tried to bring up my concerns in a friendly way. “Since we’re working as a team, we’re all relying on each other to do “Cats might not be the best advice-givers when it comes to homework.” the best we can,” I told them. “If anyone is having trouble, maybe we can talk about solutions together.” Surprisingly, Cupcake, Cookie, and Volcano all ended up doing their share. They didn’t necessarily do things the way I would have, but I guess that’s the deal with group projects. So, dear Overworked, the next time you’re stuck doing way more work than anyone else, I think you should: 1. Talk with your group in a friendly way; 2. Discuss your concerns with your teacher; 3. Do the best job you can on your part of the assignment; 4. Even if you happen to live with the wisest cat in the world, do not take his advice about homework! Ciao for now, Arizona Dear Highlights Champs TM My friend has been acting like someone she’s not. If I talk to her, she’ll probably deny it. What should I do? I slouch a lot. Can you help me think of ways to stop? A Highlights Champs Reader Even though you’re not sure your friend will listen to your concerns, it’s a good idea to try to talk about this with her. Be honest and kind. You might say “I’m glad we’re friends, but lately you seem to be acting like a different person. I want you to know that I like you as you are, and it makes me sad when you don’t seem to be acting like yourself.” Perhaps your friend will be able to explain why she has been acting as she has. If your friend continues to act in ways that upset you, you might decide to limit your time with her. When a friendship brings you more heartache than joy, it’s OK to take a break from the person and spend more time with other friends. My sister always cracks her knuckles and it really annoys me. What should I do? Varick People used to worry that knuckle cracking would cause arthritis later in life. Scientists haven’t found evidence for that. Still, your sister may not realize that her knuckle cracking annoys you, so talking to her may help. At a time when the two of you are getting along, you might simply say “I’ve noticed that you crack your knuckles, and I wondered if you could try not to do it around me.” Try to concentrate on having fun with your sister rather than focusing on her habit. If her knuckle cracking gets on your nerves, just quietly leave the room. 42 APRIL 2018 Lydia One thing you can try is imagining a thread coming out of the top of your head like a puppet. When the string is pulled tight, your head lifts up and your spine straightens. If you’re sitting, try putting both feet flat on the floor. Your back should be pressed up against the chair and your hips should be as far back as possible. Putting a pillow or rolled towel between your lower back and the chair can help you be more comfortable and sit straighter. You might also ask your friends and family to help by reminding you when you’re slouching. Good luck! Write to us! Please include your name, age, and full address. Mail to TM Art by Keith Frawley. r e l z u z P Picture Find 18 item s in the top that appear Art by Neil N umberman e. ottom imag b e th m o fr re missing image but a Rs. 1 Answers on pa g 38 ge 8.. (REGISTERED) RNI DELENG/ 52480/ 2013/ DL(C) - 14./1368/ 2017-19/ PO. SRT Nagar. ND-55. Posting Dt. 01 to 07. Published 10/03/18. Pgs.44 Papa may sometimes forget that your best friend is now Kar thik, and not Sunny. But don' t ever let him forget that the names of your favourite jam-f illed, chocolaty and milky biscuit s are now Fab! Jam-In, Fab! Bourbon and Fab! Milky Sandwich.