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The Daily Telegraph - April 17, 2018

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Tuesday 17 April 2018
No 50,669 £ 1.80
‘I do’ (take two)
Why weddings are getting
bigger second time around
m Hague
n will
never defend
our liberty
Mourinho ready
to axe Pogba
and Sanchez
Living & Features, page 19
Comment, page 16
Sport, pages
B R I TA I N ’ S B E S T - S E L L I N G Q U A L I T Y D A I LY
Wetherspoon deletes
itself from social media
JD Wetherspoon, the pub chain, has
removed itself from social media to
escape the bad publicity of trolls and
to address concerns over internet
addiction. The company closed its
Twitter and Facebook accounts, which
had 44,000 and 100,000 followers, as
well as its Instagram feed, for all of its
900 pubs and head office. Tim Martin,
the pub chain’s chairman, said it was
“going against conventional wisdom”
that social media was vital for success.
Business, pages 1 & 4
Trainee lawyers lose
points for visible briefs
Female trainee barristers have been
told they will lose points in their
exams if their skirts are too short or
their bras are on show – and men are
warned not to wear colourful socks.
Guidance given to students at BPP
University in London sets out point
deductions for “offences of
professional conduct” during their
advocacy assessment, including “too
much shirt undone”, or wearing
“kinky boots”. Lawyers said the
guidance highlighted how
“prescriptive” the legal profession was.
Page 7
Can’t stand the meat?
Time for Millennial
cooks to get their
hands dirty
Page 21
Trump supporters
hit back at Comey
Trump supporters have claimed that
James Comey, the sacked FBI director,
has a “God complex” and is politically
biased after he declared the president
“morally unfit” for office. Donald
Trump’s allies criticised Mr Comey
after his interview with ABC News led
to a string of damaging headlines.
Page 14
TV listings
9 *ujöeöu#yxc,xb* ÊÁËÆ
‘Sorry’ Ant handed record drink-driving fine
Rudd backs down as deportation row risks
overshadowing Commonwealth meeting
By Kate McCann, Robert Mendick
and Hannah Furness
THE Home Secretary last night apologised for the “appalling” treatment of
Windrush migrants as the growing crisis over the issue threatened to overshadow the Commonwealth Heads of
Government Meeting.
Commonwealth migrants who were
previously assured of their place in the
UK have been threatened with deportation, sacked from their jobs and denied access to health services after
being unable to prove their status.
It comes at a time when Britain is
attempting to strengthen its relationships with the Commonwealth and expand trade links post Brexit.
Last night critics pointed out that the
Windrush generation of Caribbean immigrants, who have been here for half a
century or more and helped Britain rebuild in the wake of the Second World
War, were being denied rights that will
be given to EU citizens after Brexit.
Amber Rudd appeared to criticise
Theresa May, her predecessor as home
secretary, after she questioned the
behaviour of the Home Office.
The Prime Minister was in charge of
the Home Office in 2012 when key protections for the Windrush generation –
named after the first ship, Empire
Windrush, that brought migrants to
Britain from Jamaica in 1948 – were removed. Some have since been told they
may have to leave, despite having spent
the majority of their lives in Britain.
Yesterday Mrs May was forced into
an about-turn, hours into the Commonwealth summit, after previously
saying she would not discuss the Windrush cases with heads of the assembled governments. She will now hold
talks this week, as leaders prepare to
decide whether the Queen should be
replaced by the Prince of Wales as the
head of the organisation.
Ms Rudd was forced to apologise in
the Commons, admitting some of the
treatment of the Windrush generation
had been “appalling” and denying anyone would be forced to leave.
She announced a task force to help
people prove their right to stay, hours
after Caroline Nokes, her ministerial
colleague, appeared to confirm some
had already been sent back to their
birth nations. Ms Rudd said she was
“not aware” of any deportations but appealed to journalists and campaigners
to come forward with evidence of
forced removals if they had any.
In an embarrassing day for the Home
Office, Ms Rudd agreed with critics
who said the Government should look
again at the way it treated immigrants,
amid claims that ministers were too focused on cutting numbers coming to
the UK. She said her department had
“become too concerned with policy
and strategy, and sometimes loses sight
of the individual”. Ms Rudd apologised
to the Windrush migrants, stating:
“Frankly, some of the ways they have
been treated has been wrong, has been
appalling and I am sorry.”
Members of the Cabinet including
Penny Mordaunt and Sajid Javid earlier
Continued on Page 2
Floella Benjamin: Page 16
Editorial Comment: Page 17
Ant McPartlin, one half of the television duo Ant and Dec, said he was ‘truly sorry’ for crashing his car while more than twice the
drink-drive limit. The 42-year-old was fined £86,000 by a judge who said he had lost his former ‘exemplary’ character Report: Page 3
Labour MPs side with May over Syria attack
By Gordon Rayner, Jack Maidment
and Mason Boycott-Owen
LABOUR MPs were cheered yesterday
as they praised Theresa May for doing
“the right thing” by bombing Syria,
while Jeremy Corbyn was attacked
from his back benches for turning a
“blind eye” to those responsible for
gassing children.
The Labour leader was left isolated
as his own MPs mocked him for criticising Mrs May for ordering airstrikes
on Assad regime targets following a
chemical weapons attack near Damas-
cus. Mr Corbyn will today put pressure
on the Government to seek the permission of MPs before future deployments
of the Armed Forces after the Speaker
granted his application for an emergency debate on “Parliament’s right in
relation to the approval of military action by British forces overseas”.
But Mrs May made it clear that she
would bomb Syria again if it used
chemical weapons and would not feel
the need to seek Parliament’s permission to do so.
Yesterday it emerged that Donald
Trump favoured bombing Russian and
Iranian targets in Syria using three
times the firepower that was eventually deployed, before he was talked out
of it by James Mattis, the US defence
Meanwhile, GCHQ and the FBI disclosed that Russia had targeted the
home internet networks of tens of
thousands of British households, as
well as probing the vulnerabilities of
the country’s critical infrastructure including the Armed Forces, emergency
services and power grid.
Mrs May addressed Parliament for
the first time since Saturday’s cruise
missile strike on Assad regime targets,
setting out her reasons for taking action before answering questions from
140 MPs.
The Prime Minister received overwhelming support from her own party
for acting swiftly against Syria without
asking for permission from the Commons, but was criticised by Mr Corbyn
and a handful of Tory MPs for deciding
Continued on Page 4
William Hague: Page 16
Tim Stanley: Page 17
Editorial Comment: Page 17
‘It’s only our very slow
internet speeds that
protect you from a
Russian cyber attack’
Tuesday 17 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Plastic-eating bacteria created by accident
By Daily Telegraph Reporter
A PLASTIC-EATING protein grown in
a British laboratory could revolutionise
recycling and prevent thousands of
tons of non-biodegradable waste clogging up landfill sites and the oceans.
The enzyme, created by accident by
researchers from Portsmouth University, is the first known protein capable
of digesting polyethylene, one of the
most commonly used plastics for consumer goods.
The breakthrough was made when
tests were conducted on a naturally oc-
curring bacteria found in a Japanese
recycling centre, with the X-ray experiments causing it to mutate into a more
powerful enzyme. Tests showed the
lab-made mutant had a supercharged
ability to break down polyethylene
terephthalate (PET), one of the most
popular forms of plastic employed by
the food and drinks industry.
Bottles made from PET are used to
package 70 per cent of soft drinks, fruit
juices and mineral waters sold in shops
and supermarkets, according to the
British Plastics Federation. Although it
is said to be highly recyclable, dis-
carded PET persists for hundreds of
years before it degrades.
The research sprang from the discovery that bacteria in a Japanese
waste recycling centre had evolved the
ability to feed on plastic, using a natural enzyme called PETase to digest bottles and containers. It was while
probing the bacteria’s molecular structure that the British team inadvertently
created a powerful new version.
Prof John McGeehan, the project’s
lead scientist at the University of Portsmouth, said: “Serendipity often plays a
significant role in fundamental scien-
tific research, and our discovery here is
no exception. Although the improvement is modest, this unanticipated discovery suggests that there is room to
further improve these enzymes, moving us closer to a recycling solution for
the ever-growing mountain of discarded plastics.
“The technology exists and it’s well
within the possibility that in the coming years we will see an industrially viable process to turn PET and potentially
other (plastic) substrates back to their
original building blocks, so that they
can be sustainably recycled.”
Working with US colleagues, the
Portsmouth scientists subjected the
bacteria to intense X-ray beams at the
Diamond Light Source synchrotron facility in Harwell, Oxfordshire.
Prof McGeehan, director of the Institute of Biological and Biomedical Sciences at Portsmouth, added: “The
scientific community who ultimately
created these ‘wonder-materials’ must
now use all the technology at their disposal to develop real solutions.”
The findings are reported in the
journal Proceedings of the National
Academy of Sciences.
nations brand
crisis ‘shameful’
‘I felt so
Continued from Page 1
openly criticised Home Office actions.
Meanwhile, Lord Boateng, the Labour
peer, told the House of Lords: “These
were children. They did not come here
of their own volition. They came here
because their parents were here.”
David Lammy, the Labour MP, said it
was “inhumane and cruel” for so many
in the Windrush generation “to have
suffered so long in this condition”.
There was also criticism from Caribbean nations.
The High Commission for St Vincent
and the Grenadines labelled the Home
Office’s actions “shameful efforts”.
Guy Hewitt, the Barbados high commissioner, told the BBC: “Because they
came from colonies which were not
independent, they thought they were
British subjects.”
Under the 1971 Immigration Act,
enacted in 1973, all Commonwealth
citizens living in the UK were given indefinite leave to remain. However, the
Home Office did not keep a record of
those granted leave to remain or issue
paperwork confirming it, meaning it is
difficult for the individuals to now
prove they are in the UK legally.
Changes which took place under
Mrs May in 2012, designed to curb immigration and remove illegal migrants,
further complicated matters by requiring landlords, employers and the NHS
to confirm anyone who was not born in
the UK had the right to stay. The Home
Office claimed the changes would not
affect the Windrush generation.
However, many are older or the children of people who have since died and
have struggled to prove their right to
remain. This has led to some being sent
to deportation centres and only saved
from forced removal by campaigners.
Chai Patel, legal policy director with
the Joint Council for the Welfare of Immigrants, said: “Theresa May made all
of us into border guards. The modern
UK is an immigration enforcement
state where landlords, doctors, nurses,
police, even the Department of Education all work with the Home Office to
target migrants.”
He added that the system being put
in place for EU citizens wanting to
make Britain their home was much
more flexible than the one currently
being used to determine whether the
Windrush generation could stay in the
UK. It will mean that EU citizens not
currently living in the UK but who
move here on the day before Brexit will
find it easier to stay than members of
the Windrush generation who have
been in the UK for 50 years or more.
It came as a Home Office manual for
deported Jamaican nationals emerged,
including advice to prevent suicidal
thoughts and a section telling people to
“act Jamaican” in order to fit in. A Home
Office spokesman said the manual had
since been updated and was not sent to
Windrush migrants, only people found
to be in the UK illegally.
Yesterday, a spokesman for the
Prime Minister said the UK supported
the Prince of Wales for the role as head
of the Commonwealth, adding: “He has
been a proud supporter of the Commonwealth for more than four decades
and has spoken passionately about the
organisation’s unique diversity.”
Amber Rudd, the
Home Secretary, was
forced to apologise
for the treatment of
some of the
Windrush generation
An unknkown
future: the
generation, named
after the Empire
Windrush, the ship
that brought
migrants to Britain
from Jamaica
‘I felt like I didn’t exist’
Grandmother told to leave
Paulette Wilson
had lived in
Britain for 50
years when, last
October, she was
taken to an
detention centre
at Yarl’s Wood
and then to a
removal centre
at Heathrow.
Only a
intervention by
her MP and a
prevented the
being put on a
flight to
Jamaica, a
country she left
when she was 10
and had not
visited since.
In 2015, she
was sent a Home
Office letter
telling her she
was an illegal
“I felt like I
didn’t exist,” she
said. “I
wondered what
was going to
happen to me.
All I did was cry,
thinking of my
daughter and
thinking that I
wasn’t going to
see them again.”
Police raid Painter nearly deported by force
Anthony Bryan,
60, a painter and
decorator, who
has lived in
London since
arriving in the
UK on his
passport in 1965,
lost his job after
receiving a letter
informing him
he was illegally
living in the UK.
Mr Bryan was
threatened with
Police raided his
home last
November and
tried to put him
on a flight to
Jamaica. The
Home Office
he is living in
the UK legally.
Braithwaite, 66,
was nine when
he moved to
Britain from
Barbados in
1961 and his
three children
and six
were all born in
the UK.
For the past
15 years, he
worked as a
special needs
assistant at a
London school.
But 18
months ago, he
lost his job after
being unable to
prove he had a
right to stay in
the UK. “It has
been so
traumatic,” he
said. “The
Home Office
wanted records
that just didn’t
exist. I felt
alienated. I
needed a
biometric card
to stay in my job
but they
wouldn’t give
me one.”
But the
media attention
on his case
appears to have
worked – the
Home Office has
now issued a
biometric card.
‘I’ve paid my dues’ Ex-NHS
worker forced out of his job
McIntyre, 64,
lost his job and
his home
because he did
not possess the
needed to prove
he was living
legally in the
UK. He now
sleeps on a sofa
in an industrial
unit in Dudley.
Mr McIntyre,
who came to the
UK in 1968 at the
age of 14, was
caught out by
the rule changes
despite having
worked in the
NHS and as a
delivery driver,
having paid his
taxes for 48
years. He was
forced out of
work because of
his illegal status
and the local
informed him
he was no
longer eligible
for housing
“I can’t tell
you how angry
and bitter it
makes me feel,”
he told The
Guardian. “I’ve
worked hard all
my life, I’ve paid
into the system.”
Emigrating Britons shun EU May pledge for girls’ schools
By Olivia Rudgard
BRITISH expats are the least likely of
any EU migrants to move to another
European Union country, according to
Office for National Statistics (ONS) data.
Just over one in four UK-born emigrants moved within the EU, including
Ireland, compared to almost half of
French expats and 44 per cent of German-born emigrants.
UK citizens who opted to live abroad
were more likely to settle in the Commonwealth, with the most popular des-
tinations, Australia and New Zealand,
chosen by one in three, the ONS data
from 2017 shows. The next-most common choices were the US and Canada,
where 28 per cent of British migrants
settled, with the EU coming in third.
Just over five per cent went to Asian
countries and 2.5 per cent to Africa.
There were almost five million UKborn people living abroad last year.
Most British people in Europe were of
working age, with only one in four
aged 65 and over. Spain was most popular, taking in 37 per cent of those Britons who did move within the EU.
THE UK is to pledge £212 million to
help one million girls in developing
Commonwealth nations stay in school
for longer, Theresa May is to announce.
The Prime Minister will pledge cash
with the aim of helping children spend
12 years in school when she gives a
speech at the Commonwealth Heads of
Government Meeting in London today.
She is also expected to ask the bloc’s
leaders to work to halve malaria infection rates by 2023.
Mrs May is due to say that the 12-year
figure agreed by experts as the length
of time children should be schooled to
reach their full potential should be the
“the goal for all our members”.
She will say: “Across the Commonwealth, tens of millions of young people – usually but not always girls – are
denied the education that would allow
them to get on in life.”
Mrs May is also due to set her sights
on malaria. She will say: “The UK remains committed to its five-year
pledge, made in 2016, to spend half a
billion pounds a year tackling malaria.
“This year, that figure includes
£100 million that will be match-funded
by partners in the private sector.”
Two more knife murders
bring London toll to 59
Two people have been stabbed to
death in separate incidents, just 40
minutes apart, taking the number of
murders in the capital for 2018 to 59.
A man, said to be in his 20s, was
knifed in Colindale, north London, just
before 6pm on Sunday. He was taken
to a hospital but died later in the
evening. A woman, also in her 20s, has
been arrested on suspicion of murder.
In the second incident, police said a
woman aged in her 30s was stabbed to
death in Brixton, south London,
shortly after 6.30pm on Sunday. A
man, said to be in his 20s, has been
arrested on suspicion of murder. In
each case, it is believed the victim and
suspect were known to each other.
CPS drops separate rape
charges against pair
Prosecutors have dropped rape
charges against two men who were
accused of separate attacks on a
14-year-old, one in a secluded area of a
railway station, the second in a vehicle
that she had flagged down for help in a
nearby street in Birmingham last July.
The CPS said the charges were
discontinued against Khurram Rahi,
27, from Smethwick, Staffs, and
Mohammed Ismaeel, 23, from Witton,
Birmingham, after the consideration
of new evidence.
A CPS spokesman said: “As a result
of new evidence, it was determined
that it no longer met the evidential test
in the Code for Crown Prosecutors and
we decided to discontinue the case.”
World Cup tickets on sale
online at 40 times value
Tickets for the Fifa World Cup have
been illicitly advertised for almost 40
times their face value on secondary
seller websites, according to a
consumer rights group.
Tickets were on sale in March for as
much as £5,618 each across five
separate sites, according to Which?
A pair of top tickets for the England
v Tunisia match were on sale for
between £480 and £11,237 despite
being advertised for £296 on Fifa’s
website, Which? said. Fans risk being
denied entry to games if they bought
tickets through a third party, Fifa said.
City broker convicted of
assault on wife and lover
A broker in the City denied beating his
wife to the ground and told a court he
mistook a love rival for a burglar.
Fergus Clarkson, 30, arrived at his
£1.1 million matrimonial home in
Silverton Road, Fulham, south-west
London, to find his wife, Rebecca,
with her lover Thomas Slattery. Mrs
Clarkson told jurors that the pair were
then set upon by Clarkson.
Presiding district judge Nicholas
Wattam convicted Clarkson of two
counts of assault. He was granted
conditional bail. Sentencing will take
place on April 26.
Anger as McVey defends
benefits ‘rape clause’
Esther McVey defended a child benefit
system “rape clause”, claiming that it
gave women “an opportunity to talk”.
Victims of abusive relationships or
rapes must disclose details of their
trauma if they want to claim child tax
credits for more than two children.
The Work and Pensions Secretary
faced criticism last night after she told
a Scottish Parliament committee that
the requirement would offer rape
victims “potentially double support”.
Jess Phillips, the Labour MP, said
her comments showed “how ignorant
she is of the issue of sexual violence”.
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The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 17 April 2018
£130,000-a-week TV star
‘mortified’ after crashing
his car following relapse
from alcohol treatment
By Hayley Dixon and Danny Boyle
ANT McPARTLIN has been ordered to
pay what is believed to be Britain’s biggest ever drink-drive fine after he was
found to be more than double the legal
limit after a car crash.
The 42-year-old television presenter,
who earns £130,000 a week, said that
he was “truly sorry” after he was fined
£86,000 and banned from driving for
20 months.
McPartlin looked gaunt in the dock
as the judge explained that up until
2015 the maximum fine had been
£5,000, but the law had been changed
so that it reflected a person’s earnings.
Wimbledon magistrates’ court heard
that the star had been struggling with
the breakdown of his 11-year marriage
and had been seeking help for “alcohol
and emotional issues” when he had a
relapse and got behind the wheel.
With his mother in the passenger
seat, McPartlin – one half of the entertainment duo Ant and Dec – took a corner in Mortlake, south-west London,
“like a rocket” and lost control, crashing into two oncoming vehicles.
The mother driving one of the vehicles described how her son was crying
out “I’m dying mummy, I’m dying” after the crash at 3.50pm on March 18.
The BMW driver, named only as Dr Ng,
said in a statement: “Although he was
physically fine, he was clearly in shock.
As there was no movement from the
driver of the black Mini I thought he
might have died.”
Faheem Vanoo, a restaurant owner
driving the Mini Cooper car which was
the first to be struck, said he swerved to
avoid a head-on collision but was still
“hit with considerable force”. He said:
“My family were in considerable shock
and believe if I had not taken evasive
action we could have died as a result of
Mr McPartlin’s reckless driving.”
McPartlin’s mother, Christine, was
unaware that he had had a relapse before getting into his Mini, it was said.
In a statement to police McPartlin
said: “I’m ashamed and mortified that it
happened and I fully accept what I did
and I wish to apologise to all concerned. I accept by being in the public
eye, higher levels of behaviour are expected of me. I’m incredibly disappointed I have let myself and many
others down with my actions.
“I’m addressing what I recognise are
Ant McPartlin
given record
£86,000 fine
Ant McPartlin left
court, above,
looking gaunt. He
was arrested after
crashing his black
Mini, right, into two
other vehicles in
Mortlake, southwest London, on
March 18
Brandreth raps hip-hop
party line-up for Queen
By Anita Singh
whether the rappers and
pop stars booked for her
birthday concert are the
most fitting performers for a
monarch in her nineties.
The Queen’s Birthday Party
will take place at the Royal
Albert Hall this Saturday,
and will be broadcast live on
the BBC. The line-up of performers from Commonwealth countries includes
Tom Jones, Kylie Minogue,
Craig David and Shaggy.
Gyles Brandreth, the
broadcaster and author of
Philip and Elizabeth: Portrait of a Marriage, asked:
“Is this really the birthday
treat to offer the nation’s
greatest national treasure as
she embarks on her 93rd extraordinary year?”
Jones is representing
Wales, Minogue is Australian, Shaggy – known for hits
such as Boombastic – is
Jamaican, and David hails
from Southampton.
Writing in the Radio
The Queen
may have
chosen to ‘get
down with the
kids’, says Gyles
Times, Brandreth said: “British rapper Craig David’s repertoire includes R&B, garage
and hip hop, which are not
known for being the Queen’s
favourite musical genres.
(Perhaps he will give them
some hip hop to cele-
brate Prince Philip’s hip op?)”
The Queen’s musical
tastes hark back to the Forties, Brandreth said, with
George Formby a particular
favourite. The event will feature a ukulele ensemble
number by members of The
George Formby Society.
However, it will also
include a duet from Shaggy
and Sting, Tom Jones belting
out classics from the Sixties,
and Craig David presenting a
medley of his hits.
“This is supposed to be
the Queen’s birthday treat.
It’s always possible that,
encouraged by Harry, and
popping out all over the
place, she has chosen to get
down with the kids.
“If not, give her a George
Formby singalong by all
means, but spare her
Shaggy,” Brandreth said.
In tomorrow’s Fashion section
Isabel Spearman
Staple blazers for
every working
We will have to rebuild public
trust, regulator tells charities
By Hayley Dixon
THE recent scandals surrounding charities mean
that the public is now no
more likely to trust them
than a “stranger in the
street”, the head of the regulator has said.
Baroness Stowell of Beeston, the chairman of the
Charity Commission, said
charities could no longer expect to receive the “benefit
of the doubt” because the
public had “evidence to
prove their suspicions”.
Picking out the sex scandal that rocked the sector
earlier this year after Oxfam
aid workers were found to
have been using prostitutes,
as well as complaints over
the high salaries paid to
charity leaders, she said that
people were “appalled” and
felt “betrayed”.
Addressing the National
Council for Voluntary Organisations’ annual conference in London, Lady
Stowell admitted that “we
have a problem” because
some charities registered
with the commission “are no
longer trusted automatically
by the public”.
“That means all charities
can no longer expect the
public to give them the benefit of the doubt,” she said.
“That’s not just my opinion. It’s the conclusion of extensive,
research, the latest of which
is under way right now and
will be published later this
year. I have seen some early
findings. And they are sobering. They show that people now trust charities no
more than they trust the average stranger they meet on
the street.”
The research, in its early
stages, is the commission’s
own biannual review. The
latest figures, from 2016,
show that the overall level of
trust and confidence in
charities had already fallen
to an all-time low.
She said that the sector
now needed to work hard to
rebuild trust by being crystal clear about its aims. “Yes,
we have a problem. But I am
confident that we also have
the solution,” she concluded.
problems with alcohol and I am seeking specialist help.”
McPartlin, who lives in Chiswick,
west London, admitted a single charge
of drink driving which stated that he
was more than double the legal limit
with 75 microgrammes of alcohol in
100 millilitres of breath.
Sentencing him, District Judge Barbara Barnes told him his behaviour had
left fans disappointed and stripped him
of his former “exemplary” character.
Alongside the £86,000 fine he was
also told to pay £255 in costs. In 2016,
the footballer Yaya Toure was given
what was believed to be the biggest
ever fine for drink-driving then of
£54,000 – one week’s wages – and
banned from driving for 18 months.
Speaking after the hearing, McPartlin said: “I’m truly sorry for what happened. High standards are expected of
me, I expect them of myself. I’ve let
myself down, I let a lot of people down.
And for that I am truly sorry. I’d like to
apologise to everybody involved in the
crash and I’m just thankful no one was
seriously hurt.”
Tuesday 17 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Syria strikes
Trump considered attack on Russian
President was persuaded
to drop more robust option
over fears it could have
escalated Syrian conflict
DONALD TRUMP reportedly considered a strike three times bigger than
the one actually launched on Syria,
potentially including targeting Russian
air defence systems, but was dissuaded
by James Mattis, his defence secretary.
The Pentagon presented Mr Trump
with three options for how to respond
to the chemical attack by the Syrian
regime in Douma on April 7. A first, and
most cautious, option consisted of a
limited strike on Syrian chemical
weapons facilities, while a second also
included military command posts.
The third option would have devastated Bashar al-Assad militarily and
could have targeted Syrian-based Russian air defence capabilities as part of
that, according to a report in The Wall
Street Journal.
Such a strike would have been three
times the size of the military action that
was eventually carried out – by the US,
UK and France in the early hours of last
Saturday – in which a total of 105 missiles were launched at Syrian targets.
Over several days of intense plan-
ning meetings with his top national
security advisers last week, Mr Trump
was said to have asked about hitting
both Russian and Iranian targets if that
was required to hurt Assad militarily,
The Wall Street Journal reported.
He and Nikki Haley, the US Ambassador to the United Nations, were said
to have been pushing for a more robust
strike. However, having laid out the
three options Mr Mattis, according to
the report, urged caution and suggested the third one could lead to an
escalation by Russia or Iran.
The strike that ultimately happened
reportedly drew from the first two options. That decision was seen as confirmation of the elevated standing of Mr
Mattis within the US administration.
Asked whether Mr Trump had been
pushing for proposals that included
hitting Russian and Iranian targets in
Syria, Sarah Huckabee Sanders, the
White House press secretary, said “a
number of options” had been, and still
remain, on the table.
She said: “We’re not going to get into
any other options that were on the
table. We’re going to continue to keep a
number of options on the table if Syria
and Russia and Iran don’t show to be
better actors in this process.”
Meanwhile, Mr Trump dismissed
claims by Syria and Russia that some
US missiles were shot down. He said:
“We had well over 100 missiles. They
didn’t shoot one down. Their equipment didn’t work too well … every one
[of ours] hit its target, not one shot
The three Syrian targets ultimately
chosen were involved in the “research,
development and deployment” of
chemical weapons, the Pentagon said.
One was a scientific facility near
Damascus and the other two were
chemical weapons storage sites near
Homs, one of which had been used as a
military command post.
Syrian air defences responded to a
missile attack over Homs which targeted Shayrat air base late on Monday
night, according to Syrian state television. It also claimed that the missiles
were shot down by the country’s air defences. The Syrian state television report did not, however, specify who may
have fired the missiles. Israel carried
out airstrikes in the same area last week.
In a separate development, the
White House yesterday appeared to
row back from imminent Russia sanctions announced at the weekend by Ms
Haley. Ms Sanders said: “We are considering additional sanctions on Russia
and a decision will be made in the near
That statement came as The Washington Post reported that Mr Trump
had felt “misled” into expelling 60 Russian diplomats over the Salisbury spy
poisoning. He was reportedly furious
Aseenat, left,
whose father, Tariq
al-Raz, returned
from looking for
food to find she had
been shot in the
head; Syrian police,
right, drive down a
destroyed street in
Douma yesterday
By Raf Sanchez, Said Ghazali
and Will Horner
TARIQ AL-RAZ was out trying to find
biscuits for his five-year-old daughter
when he heard news of the attack.
Damascus regime forces and their
Shia militia allies were assaulting a
rural area near Homs, not far from
where his wife and two children were
waiting for him to return to their oneroom house.
Mr Raz borrowed a neighbour’s
motorcycle and raced back to his home.
He found his wife standing in a field
with the body of Aseenat, their daughter, in her arms, the little girl’s brown
hair matted with blood.
Aseenat was killed just one hour’s
drive from where RAF warplanes had
blown up one of President Bashar alAssad’s chemical weapons sites on Saturday morning. She died 36 hours after
the Tornado GR4s struck their target
and returned to their base in Cyprus.
“The British strikes did nothing to
save my daughter,” Mr Raz told The
Daily Telegraph. “I am living in a nightmare and I keep hoping I will wake up.”
His daughter’s death is an illustration of how little the weekend’s strikes
have done to slow the merciless gears
of the war. Within hours of the West’s
attacks, Syrian and Russian aircraft
were back in the skies and the regime’s
ground forces were again on the march.
“This goes to show that strikes have
had no effect on the civil war and that
wasn’t their purpose to begin with,”
said Michael Horowitz, a senior analyst
at the Le Beck geopolitical consultancy.
Last week, the regime captured the
Damascus suburb of Ghouta, including
the Douma neighbourhood where 70
people were killed in a suspected
chemical attack. Assad’s forces now appear to have their sights on a swathe of
rebel-held countryside near Homs.
They have captured several villages
since resuming their offensive on Sunday.
Aseenat, her parents and Fadi, her
younger brother, had been living in
this opposition-held pocket for the past
five years, hoping the war would one
day end and Assad would be toppled.
Mr Raz, 30, was a farmer before the
war but now does odd jobs to try to
feed his family.
He said that Aseenat had pleaded
with him to go and find biscuits on
Sunday afternoon. While he was
searching, word began to spread that
regime forces were closing in.
“She was shot in the head. The blood
was flowing from her head and it covered her face and her hair,” Mr Raz said.
He cradled her in his arms and
climbed on to a neighbour’s motorcycle as they drove frantically to the
Zafarana hospital six miles away.
Medics tried to resuscitate her without success and, in the end, they could
do nothing more than remove the
heavy machine-gun round that had
lodged in her jaw.
Mohammed Berjawi, a nurse, said:
“This is a crime against humanity.”
‘British airstrikes did
not save my daughter’
Corbyn still keeping his miracle solution secret
By Michael Deacon
n the whole, it was probably a
bit late to call for a vote on the
weekend’s airstrikes on Syria
– missiles are notoriously difficult to
unfire – but yesterday, MPs did at least
get to question the Prime Minister on
her decision.
In a statement to the Commons,
Theresa May explained no fewer than
five times that the strikes had been
designed solely to degrade President
Assad’s chemical weapons capability,
nothing more. Another five times, she
said that Russia was blocking UN
attempts to carry out a proper
investigation in Syria. Perhaps she was
hoping that, if she repeated the
message enough times, it would
eventually get through to Jeremy
If so, she was wasting her breath.
First, the Labour leader said Mrs
May should be accountable to
Parliament, not “the whims of the US
president” (Tories cried “Shame!”; Mrs
May rolled her eyes). Most of Mr
Corbyn’s reply, though, was spent
telling Mrs May that she could bring
about “an immediate ceasefire” in
Syria if only she would use “diplomatic
means”. She should, he sniffed, “take a
diplomatic lead… embark on a
renewed diplomatic effort… This
means engaging…”
For some reason, however, Mr
Corbyn did not reveal what exactly
these miraculous “diplomatic means”
were. Which was a shame, because no
doubt Mrs May – and the diplomats
involved in the many previous failed
rounds of peace talks – would have
been eager to hear them.
As has become traditional in debates
about foreign policy, some of the
strongest criticisms of Mr Corbyn
came from his own MPs.
“Would the Prime Minister agree,”
scowled Chris Leslie (Lab, Nottingham
East), “that those who would turn a
blind eye, who would do nothing in
pursuit of some ‘moral high ground’”
– the words dripped with disdain
– “should also be held accountable?”
Tories roared their approval. Mr
Corbyn stared long-sufferingly into
the middle distance.
Mike Gapes (Lab, Ilford South)
sought to remind “the Right
Honourable member for Islington
North” – in other words, his leader
– that Labour had “a long-standing and
noble tradition of supporting
humanitarian intervention”. Again
Tories roared. Mr Corbyn could be
seen scribbling furiously in a
notebook. What he’d written, I’m
afraid I couldn’t make out.
(“To do: order Momentum to launch
‘humanitarian intervention’ against
back benches.”)
Still, at least one MP leapt to Mr
Corbyn’s side. Laura Smith (Lab,
Crewe & Nantwich) snorted that Mrs
May had only joined in the air strikes
because Donald Trump had
“instructed” her to.
The look on Mrs May’s face. She
stood up, fixed Ms Smith with an
unblinking glare… and said nothing.
For 10 whole seconds. Just glared. Her
eyes blazed with fury. At long last, she
spoke. “I took this decision,” she said,
slowly and icily, “because I thought it
was the right thing to do.”
The sheer, burning hostility. If we
hadn’t had a master peacekeeper like
Mr Corbyn in the room, I’d have been
genuinely worried.
MPs turn on Corbyn as May
vows to end chemical threat
Continued from Page 1
not to recall Parliament to debate the
issue last week.
Asked if she would do the same again
if Syria committed further outrages, an
unrepentant Mrs May said: “Nobody
should be in any doubt of our resolve to
ensure that we cannot see a situation
where the use of chemical weapons is
“I set out the basis on which we took
this decision and I recognise the importance of Parliament but it’s also important that the Government is able to
act, and there will always be circumstances in which it is important to act
without that debate having taken place
in Parliament.”
Mr Corbyn was greeted with angry
shouts of “shame!” when he told MPs:
“The Prime Minister is accountable to
this Parliament, not to the whims of the
US president.” He once again sug-
gested that Assad might be innocent of
the chemical attack as “other groups”
could have carried it out, and said the
airstrikes were “legally questionable”.
Chris Leslie, the Labour MP, took issue with Mr Corbyn’s non-interventionist stance, telling the Commons:
“Intervening to save civilians from future gas attacks, while not without risk,
was absolutely the right thing to do.”
A number of Labour MPs, including
Richard Burgon, the shadow justice
secretary, attended a demonstration in
Westminster last night at which activists were seen waving Baathist flags
and pro-Assad banners.
The far-Left protest was also attended by Corbyn allies Chris Williamson and Emma Dent Coad. In a speech
to the rally, Mr Williamson suggested
that there was no evidence for a chemical attack in Syria and that Assad had
no motive for conducting one.
The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 17 April 2018
‘They didn’t
shoot one
down. Their
didn’t work
too well …
every one [of
ours] hit its
target, not
one shot
when he discovered Germany and
France were expelling only a handful
of Russians, and was surprised that the
US was matching the total EU figure.
The paper quoted a source saying “a
lot of curse words” were used by the
president. It also reported that Mr
Trump pushed backed against Theresa
May when asked to act over the phone.
“Why are you asking me to do this,”
he reportedly asked the Prime Minister
over expulsions. “What’s Germany
going to do? What about France?”
The White House declined to
directly deny Mr Trump was unhappy
over the expulsions. A British source
said they did not recognise the account
of the phone call.
Abbott defends her
fake photo tweet
By Kate McCann SENIOR
DIANE ABBOTT, the shadow
home secretary, was caught
up in a fake news row yesterday after she illustrated a
tweet about Syria with a
mocked-up image of an
Israeli jet bombing Tehran.
The picture, taken from
an aviation blog published in
2012, shows an Israeli F-15 jet
over the Iranian capital.
Ms Abbott posted the image on Twitter in response to
an interview with Penny
Mordaunt, the International
Development Secretary, on
the Today programme on
BBC Radio 4. Ms Abbott
questioned her views on
The mock-up of an Israeli air
raid on Tehran, used on Twitter
parliamentary democracy.
After being asked by The
Daily Telegraph for a comment, Ms Abbott tweeted:
“Apparently, my use of this
pic is ‘important news’. Yes,
UK goes to war without UN
approval or even parliamentary debate. But the most
important news is what pics
I use in a tweet. Pathetic.”
Moscow accused of spying on domestic
internet use to prepare mass cyber raid
Security services warn of
threat to Britain’s ‘critical
infrastructure’ posed by
hackers ‘using our routers’
EDITOR and Margi Murphy
RUSSIA is targeting the home internet
networks of tens of thousands of
households in Britain to spy on people’s private information and mount
mass cyber attacks, GCHQ and the FBI
have warned.
The security services in both the UK
and the US said that they were “confident” that Russia was hacking into
“residential routers”, which people use
to connect to the internet, providing
them with a “tremendous weapon”
against the West.
In an extraordinary joint statement,
GCHQ and the FBI also revealed that
Russia was preparing to mount cyber
attacks on Britain’s “critical infrastructure” including energy networks, the
emergency services and the Armed
Authorities in the US and the UK revealed that Russia had been probing
the cyber defences to identify vulnerabilities that would “lay a foundation for
future offensive operations”.
They disclosed that routers could be
hijacked, enabling them to monitor all
internet activity including emails,
browsing history and passwords.
The National Cyber Security Centre
(NCSC), the FBI and the department for
homeland security in the US have
warned that this “threatens our respective safety, security and economic wellbeing”.
The security services yesterday issued a warning to government bodies,
Russian forces in
Douma, Syria – at a
time when relations
with the West are at
a low ebb, security
services warn
Moscow may be
plotting a cyber war
large companies and “critical infrastructure providers” advising on ways
that they could “mitigate” the threat
posed by Russia.
Rob Joyce, the White House’s cyber
security coordinator, said: “We are
pushing back hard.
“Cyber activity must be stopped and
opposed at every turn.
“We are confident that Russia has
carried out a coordinated campaign to
gain access to enterprise, small office
routers and residential routers – the
kind of things you and I have in our
“We can’t rule out the possibility
Russia may intend to use these set of
compromises for future offensive operations.”
Mr Joyce said that Russia was hacking into people’s home networks when
the residents used default passwords or
in some cases no passwords at all.
The security services are increasingly concerned that Russia may be
hacking into people’s home internet
networks so they can hijack their computers and use them together as “botnets” to mount a mass cyber attack.
Howard Marshall, the deputy assistant director at the cyber division of the
FBI, said: “Once you own the router,
you own the traffic. You include the
ability to monitor all traffic. It is a tremendous weapon.
“We will bring every tool to bear
against them in every corner of cyberspace.”
Ciaran Martin, head of the National
Cyber Security Centre, which is part of
GCHQ, said there was proof that Russia
had been attempting to hack into Britain’s energy supply networks.
He said that “millions” of devices including laptops and mobile phones
were being targeted by Russia around
the world.
He said: “Many of the techniques
used by Russia exploit basic weaknesses in network systems.
“The NCSC is leading the way globally to issue advice and automate defences at scale to remove those basic
attacks, thereby allowing us to focus on
the most potent threats.”
Security services have been tracking
the activity of Russian hackers for over
a year.
The UK is working with America, its
other allies and the technology industry to “expose Russia’s unacceptable
cyber behaviour, so they are held accountable for their actions”, said Mr
Tuesday 17 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Scientists warn reducing
official threshold could
cause patients stress that
increases hypertension
By Laura Donnelly HealtH editor
PROPOSALS to redefine “high blood
pressure” and offer more patients medication could increase the risk of the
condition, a report suggests.
The National Institute for Health and
Care Excellence (Nice) is currently considering evidence that has led the US to
change its advice, making millions
more patients eligible for daily drugs to
cut their heart attack risk.
The criteria could mean almost half
of Britons become eligible for drugs to
reduce their blood pressure.
But a report by the University of Sydney says such changes could put lives
at risk – partly because a diagnosis of
high blood pressure is likely to increase
anxiety levels. Episodes of anxiety and
stress can cause spikes in blood pressure. Other patients could see an increased risk from side-effects of
medication, without a reduction in
their risk of heart disease, the findings
Currently, around seven million
Britons whose blood pressure exceeds
140/90 are recommended to take medication, with higher limits set for patients over 80.
The drugs, which cost the NHS as little as 10p a day, are normally recommended for patients deemed to have a
20 per cent risk of heart disease or
stroke within the decade.
But the guidelines published by the
American Heart Association brings the
systolic threshold down to 130/80,
which is estimated to mean a 10 per
cent chance of those same conditions
occurring over the same period.
The recommendations follow US trials that found that aggressively lowering the targets for blood pressure could
reduce the risk of death among people
over 50 by almost one quarter. Nice is
considering the same evidence, alongside other trials, such as one by Oxford
University which found similar benefits. The watchdog is due to publish its
new advice next year.
Medication includes ACE inhibitors,
(ARBs), calcium channel blockers, diuretics and beta-blockers.
Most patients take at least two types
of pills, but more aggressive targets
could increase the number of different
drugs recommended.
However, the latest study suggests
other risks from a diagnosis of high
blood pressure, and subsequent treatment, have not been properly considered.
Dr Katy Bell said: “Labelling a person as having hypertension increases
their risk of anxiety and depression, as
compared to the risk for people with
the same blood pressure who aren’t labelled as hypertensive.
“Second, it means more people may
experience serious adverse effects
from treatments.”
Lowering definition of
high blood pressure ‘may
make condition worse’
Catching the rays Spring blooms carpet the lawns around Alnwick Castle, Northumberland,
ahead of the balmy weather predicted for Thursday. Forecasters expect it to be the hottest
day of the year, with temperatures set to reach 25C (77F) in the South East. Weather: Page 30
Modern life is
too unhealthy
for pregnancy
By Laura Donnelly
MODERN unhealthy lifestyles are leaving women illprepared for pregnancy,
research suggests.
A study found that large
numbers of young British
women smoke, drink too
much alcohol, are overweight or obese, and consume inadequate amounts of
fruits and vegetables.
Researchers said those
40 pc
The proportion of women aged
between 26 and 30 found to be
overweight or obese
hoping to conceive should
adopt a healthy lifestyle
years in advance.
Writing in The Lancet,
medics said the vast majority
of women of reproductive
age were not nutritionally
prepared for pregnancy –
putting the long-term health
of their children at risk.
The survey, conducted
between 2008 and 2012,
found that 40 per cent of
women aged 26 to 30 were
overweight or obese. Some
70 per cent of this age group
ate fewer than five portions
of fruit and vegetables per
day. This was also true of
91 per cent of younger
women aged 18 to 25.
More than a third of
women aged 26 to 30, and a
third of those aged 18 to 25,
were smokers, while 28 per
cent of the younger age
group consumed high-risk
levels of alcohol.
the proportion of women of
reproductive age who were
nutritionally prepared for
pregnancy, using data from
509 women of reproductive
age in the UK National Diet
and Nutrition Survey.
Some 96 per cent were
found to have iron and folate
dietary intakes below the
recommendation for pregnancy. Such shortfalls can be
tackled in less than a month.
But lead authors from
University College London
said more longer-term efforts were needed to tackle
soaring levels of obesity
among parents-to-be.
Prof Judith Stephenson, of
University College London,
the study’s lead author, said:
“While the current focus on
risk factors, such as smoking
and excess alcohol intake, is
important, we also need new
drives to prepare nutritionally for pregnancy for both
T-cells booster may
stop cancer return
By Henry Bodkin
CANCER patients should be
given thorough immunotherapy before surgery to remove tumours, a new trial in
the United States suggests.
A study on lung cancer
patients found that activating the immune system can
prompt tumours to spread
friendly T-cells around the
body, significantly reducing
the chance of the cancer
returning after surgery.
Scientists have hailed the
“cancer interception” strategy as a “game-changer”
that could potentially halt
the disease in its tracks.
Teams are now setting out
to trial the method on
patients with blood, colon
and ovarian cancer. Oncologists administered nivolumab,
the immunotherapy drug,
over several weeks to 21
patients with non-small-cell
lung cancer prior to surgery.
They found the approach
was not only safe, but that 45
per cent of the patients
responded so well there was
little evidence of the cancer
remaining upon follow-up
examinations. Overall, recurrence-free survival at 18
months was 73 per cent compared with a 50 per cent current clinical average.
Dr Sung Poblete, of Stand
Up To Cancer, a US charity,
said: “That T-cells, activated
by immunotherapy prior to
surgery, can intercept rogue
tumour cells throughout the
body and prevent the cancer
from recurring may be a
The study is published in
the New England Journal of
NHS unions link rise in
assaults to lack of staff
have risen, with unions
blaming staff shortages for
creating frustrated patients.
Research for Unison revealed a near-10 per cent rise
in physical assaults on health
workers in England last year,
with a 21 per cent increase at
hospitals with an A&E department.
56,435 assaults in 2016-17
compared with 51,447 the
previous year in NHS trusts
that responded to a Freedom
of Information request submitted by the Health Service
Journal for the union. Trusts
within 18 weeks of referral
saw the biggest increase.
Sara Gorton, the Unison
head of health, said: “Across
the NHS, staff shortages are
harming patient care and
helping to create a hostile environment where health
workers are increasingly at
risk of being assaulted.”
NHS England said: “It is
that any member of NHS
staff should be assaulted
physically or verbally.”
The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 17 April 2018
University’s tough penalties
for student barristers who
turn up to mock court
dressed inappropriately
By Olivia Rudgard
FEMALE trainee barristers have been
told they will lose points in their exams
if their skirts are too short or their bras
are on show.
Guidance given to students taking
the bar professional training course at
BPP University in London sets out a
schedule of point deductions for infringements including “too much shirt
undone”, “short skirts (women)” and
“colourful socks (men)”.
The list of “offences of professional
conduct” itemises the point penalties
for students if they are not properly
dressed during their advocacy assessment, a mock court situation which
tests their knowledge of legal process
and courtroom terms and behaviour.
Colourful socks lose a male advocate
a point, while wearing a skirt above the
knee would cost a female two points, according to the list, which is given to students as part of an advocacy manual.
The most costly infringement is for a
female trainee whose bra is showing,
resulting in the loss of three points, as
would wearing boots with a short skirt.
This outfit choice is “an inappropriate
combination for court”, the guidance,
leaked to the blog Legal Cheek, adds.
The university is not the only one to
warn students they could be penalised
for their dress. The University of the
West of England’s guidance says
trainee barristers could lose two points
for “unkempt hair” and five points for
wearing trainers.
Dana Denis-Smith, the founder of
the First 100 Years project, which highlights women’s achievements in law,
said the BPP guidance showed how
“prescriptive” the legal profession is.
“I still know women barristers who
wouldn’t dare to go to court without
wearing a skirt, even though we’ve had
about 30 years of women being allowed to wear trousers. This whole
courtroom environment remains quite
old-fashioned,” she said.
In one City law firm, she said, she
knew of guidelines in the past for
women dictating the colour of their
tights, limiting them to thin beige
styles and forbidding them from wearing thick opaque tights.
“I don’t think it’s just the legal profession, I think it’s an issue around the
professions,” she said. “What is the image of being ‘professional’? That needs
to be redefined, but nobody is redefining it at the moment.”
But, she added, the restrictions for
men were equally limiting. “I felt
equally bad about the men – I was
thinking ‘wow you really are over the
top’,” she added. “I think it’s meant to
be almost more restrictive to drum
home the point that justice is important, you’ve got to take it seriously.”
Alongside barrister training, the law
school trains solicitors for top firms including Allen & Overy, Herbert Smith
Freehills and Clifford Chance.
A spokesman said the list was “indicative guidance only to the sort of
dress and behaviour which could adversely affect the advocate in court”.
He added: “Our students dress conservatively and smartly for their advocacy classes and ... for the assessment,
and this is good preparation for practice. It is exceptionally rare that any
student is ever penalised in an assessment for any of the infringements
listed. The list has not been revised for
a long time, and will be reconsidered
before the next publication.”
u Top button of
shirt undone
(men) -2
u Too much
shirt undone
(women) -1 or -2
to -3 “if bra
u Short skirts
(women) -2
u Colourful
socks (men) -1
u “Kinky
boots” (women)
-2. “No stiletto
heels, buckles,
straps etc”
u Mobile phone
goes off -3
u Hands in
pockets while
addressing the
judge -1 to -3
Amazon pulls ‘Enjoy
Cocaine’ clothes
By Daily Telegraph Reporter
CHILDREN’S clothes emblazoned with the slogan
“Enjoy Cocaine” have been
featured on the Amazon UK
The message is displayed
on garments designed for
babies as well as T-shirts for
toddlers on the site as a parody of the “Enjoy Coke”
But instead the solid,
wavy line underneath the
text of the original, the sinister slogan is emphasised
with a powdery line.
Almost all of the items are
modelled by children, including a bib worn by a toddler and a T-shirt worn by a
child with his tongue out.
The products were highlighted on Amazon’s Facebook page by Stefanie Smith
yesterday, who wrote: “Admittedly, yes, I was looking
for a Libertines T-shirt but
This bib was among clothing
with ‘Enjoy Cocaine’ logo
what the actual hell is this?”
An Amazon spokesman later
said the items had been
withdrawn and that the sellers responsible could lose
their accounts.
He said: “All marketplace
sellers must follow our selling guidelines and those
who don’t will be subject to
action including potential
removal of their account.”
Public school’s posters
criticised for sexism
By Gareth Davies
A PUBLIC school has been
accused of sexism for an
advertisement showing a
boy aiming to be a lawyer or
politician and a girl setting
her sights on being a pop
star or a soap opera actress.
The poster, advertising
the £36,000-a-year Ardingly
College, near Haywards
Heath in West Sussex, shows
a male pupil with labels saying he aspires to be a politician, lawyer or swimmer,
while a female counterpart
has the tags “vocalist”,
“actor”, “writer”.
The adverts have provoked a hostile reaction
from Twitter users, including Rachel Brown who
called it “entry-level sexism”.
However, Ben Figgis, the
school’s headmaster, said the
tags represented “the personal ambitions of the students
billboard” and other adverts
showed different preferences.
He said: “We have not put
words into their mouths, nor
would we want to.”
How a glimpse of
a bra strap could
be the undoing of
trainee lawyers
It’s a boy! The first polar bear to be born in the UK for 25 years is a boy, the Royal Zoological Society of Scotland has said.
Staff at the charity’s Highland Wildlife Park gave the four-month-old cub, yet to be named, his first health check yesterday.
Tuesday 17 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 17 April 2018
Proof at last:
do prefer
By Henry Bodkin
IT WAS Heidi Klum, the model, who
perhaps most pithily summed up the
experience of being blonde when she
compared it to “buying yourself a lightbulb”.
That may once have been written off
as nothing more than lazy cliché, but,
according to evolutionary science, she
was absolutely right: gentlemen really
do prefer blondes.
Researchers conducting the largest
ever genetic investigation into hair colour have discovered that, among people of European descent, women are
20 per cent more likely to have blonde
hair than men.
It means that, as mankind evolved,
blonde women have been disproportionately more successful at passing on
their genes.
A team at King’s College London set
out to discover why. Using their discovery of more than 100 new genes
known to play a major role in determining human hair colour, they attempted to identify any connections
between the “blonde genes” and those
known to influence good or poor
They also sought to establish any
links between a genetic propensity for
blondeness and femininity itself in the
X chromosome.
None, however, was found.
It has led them to conclude that
throughout human history blonde
women have enjoyed a “mating preference”. In other words, men have been
more likely to want to procreate with
them simply because of how they look.
Published in the journal Nature Genetics, the study marks a breakthrough
in the understanding of hair colour.
Although previous studies have
found that a large percentage – around
97 per cent – of hair colour variation is
explained by heritable factors, only 12
hair colour genes had been identified
By Daily Telegraph Reporter
AN ACTRESS once billed as “Britain’s
answer to Brigitte Bardot” was conned
into leaving her entire £1 million estate
to two property consultants, London’s
Southwark Crown Court heard.
Claire Gordon was described as a
bubbly blonde actress and comedienne
who appeared in cult films such as Beat
Girl (1959), a beatnik drama, from
which sprung the Bardot reference,
and Konga (1961), and was once said to
be a rival to Diana Dors. The court also
heard that The Three Musketeers, a 1966
musical, gave her the claim to fame of
being the first British actress to appear
fully naked on stage.
She had a fortune of £904,839 comprising cash, shares, bonds and a property in Egypt when she died in April
up to now. In order to identify the previously unknown hair colour genes,
researchers analysed DNA data from
almost 300,000 people of European
descent, together with their self-reported hair colour information from
sources including the UK Biobank.
“Our work helps us to understand
what causes human diversity in appearance by showing how genes involved in pigmentation subtly adapted
to external environments and even social interactions during our evolution,”
said Prof Tim Spector, who took part in
the research.
“We found that women have significantly fairer hair than men, which reflects how important cultural practices
Iain MacMaster, left, and Morris Benhamu
deny fraudulently trying to inherit fortune
‘Our work shows how genes
involved in pigmentation
subtly adapted to … social
and sexual preferences are in shaping
our genes and biology.”
The team has said it believes the discovery of the new genes will significantly improve the ability of forensic
investigators to track down criminals
using DNA.
It also promises new insights into
conditions related to skin pigmentation, such as skin, testicular, prostate
and ovarian cancers
“While the genetics of hair colour is
an interesting problem in itself, we
hope that better understanding of the
biology of melanin pigmentation will
be applicable to studies of diseases that
interact with pigmentation, such as
skin cancer or vitiligo,” said Dr David
Hinds, who co-authored the paper.
The King’s College London team is
not the first to investigate whether
blonde women are more likely to have
children. In 2008, newly examined letters by Charles Darwin revealed he had
devoted a significant amount of time to
examining whether hair colour affected a woman’s ability to find a mate.
The naturalist went as far as trying to
obtain records from Bristol Royal Infirmary indicating the hair colour of its
married and single patients.
Largest ever genetic study
uncovers evolutionary
evidence that fair-haired
women are more attractive
British Bardot
‘conned into
leaving £1m
estate to pair’
Claire Gordon was described as a bubbly blonde Sixties actress. Right, with Michael Gough in Konga, a 1961 comedy
Veteran sold £65,000 of Army
green berets and boots on eBay
By Daily Telegraph Reporter
A VETERAN who served in Iraq and
Afghanistan stole green berets from
colleagues and sold them on eBay to
fund his gambling habit.
Warrant Officer Michael Bath, 49,
who was based at the Commando
Training Centre, Lympstone, Devon,
was able to steal boots, clothing, badges
and even coveted green berets.
Bath, a married father-of-two, was
jailed for 15 months after he admitted
theft and possessing criminal property.
He told Sue Munday, his probation
officer, that he “often dealt with repatriation funerals of servicemen killed”,
breaking news to families, and working
with injured casualties and their loved
ones. Miss Munday told the court that
Bath did not want to show weakness
but “it had taken its toll on him”.
Exeter Crown Court heard Bath, of
Blyth, Northumberland, was “disgusted by his actions”.
Judge Michael Cullum said Bath had
sold hundreds of pairs of military boots
as well as “poignant” items like “coveted” Green Beret cap badges.
The judge said it was unknown how
Bath, who managed the accommodation stores at the barracks, got access to
the military kit. The judge suggested
that he may not have acted alone. Over
a four-year period Bath used the camp’s
postal system to mail the boots, clothing, helmets and badges to buyers who
bought the items on eBay. The money
was paid into a friend’s account.
The fraud was detected after a mystery caller contacted one of only two
suppliers of specialist Alt-Berg boots to
ask how they could be obtained from
eBay much cheaper.
Paul Grumbar, prosecuting, said the
value of all the items sold and recovered was around £65,000.
Charges against Bath’s wife Ingrid,
48, and his friend Brian Bell, whose
bank account was used to launder the
money, were dropped by the Crown.
Badger cull ‘an excuse to commit wildlife crimes’
By Jamie Phillips
THE badger cull is fuelling hundreds of
wildlife crimes every year, charities
have warned.
Nearly 1,300 wildlife incidents were
recorded in 2016 alone, although the
actual number is likely to be “far
greater” as the Home Office categorises
many of the crimes as miscellaneous.
In 2016, there were 612 reports of in-
cidents against badgers, 145 involving
bats, 366 regarding marine mammals
and 155 on birds of prey across England
and Wales – 1,278 in total.
Dominic Dyer, the chief executive
officer of the Badger Trust, said: “There
is a correlation between the cull and
wildlife crime in general. People feel
that they can use the badger cull as a
legitimate excuse to commit wildlife
crimes and take the law into their own
hands. There is growing concern that it
is getting out of control.” He added:
“They get in the way of property developers building houses and they would
rather pay a fine for killing a few badgers with a bulldozer than it hold up
their construction.”
The report, conducted by 18 wildlife
organisations, was coordinated by
Wildlife and Countryside Link (WCL)
and Wales Environment Link.
In tomorrow’s Arts section
Dominic Cavendish
The Tina Turner
musical: another West
End hero or
2015 aged 74, the court heard. Iain
MacMaster, 70, of Fitzrovia, west London, and Morris Benhamu, 42, of Hendon, north-west London, each deny a
charge of conspiracy to defraud and
Mark Halsey, prosecuting, told the
jury that although Ms Gordon did not
have children, she had cousins and a
much-loved god-daughter who may
have thought they were in line for a
share. Mr MacMaster is not related to
Ms Gordon but he collected her from
hospital after she had a knee operation
in October 2014 and was recorded by
officials as a next of kin.
Mr Halsey said Mr MacMaster “took
advantage of that and then composed a
ffalse will” where all of Ms Gordon’s estate went to him and Mr
It is all
that Ms Gordon was in
“a fit and proper state
to sign a will in her
e in November
4 and that she
intended to bequeath
m The
on Thursda
Tuesday 17 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Trains fail to
stop at stations
160 times a day
TRAINS missed scheduled stops at stations on average 160 times a day over
the past year, new figures show.
Over a quarter of missed stops were
by Govia Thameslink, which runs
Thameslink, Southern and Great
Northern railways.
Govia was accountable for 16,000 of
the 50,000 services that failed to stop
at one or more stations over the past
year, data obtained by the BBC showed.
Govia denied that the decision to
miss stops was for financial gain, claiming the practice was a last resort measure to “avoid extensive disruption to
many more passengers”.
Missed stops are becoming increasingly common with around 10,000
more over the past financial year compared with 2014-15, when there were
around 116 missed stops per day.
More than 52,500 services out of a
planned six million had one or more
“failure to stop” events in the financial
year up to Feb 23, the data showed.
Heathrow Express, Chiltern and Virgin
Trains East Coast were the operators
with the lowest instance of missed
stops with, on average, less than one in
every 1,000 of their trains failing to
halt at a scheduled stop in the period.
Govia Thameslink said: “At times of
disruption, we aim to minimise the
number of passengers delayed across
our network. Skipping a stop is something we only ever do as a last resort,
when a train running late would otherwise prolong the disruption.
“We operate the country’s most congested rail network and with a train
departing every 27 seconds on average,
even a minor delay to one train can
cause a widespread and long-lasting
knock-on effect across many routes.
“There is no financial incentive to
miss a stop because it counts as a partial cancellation, for which we incur a
financial penalty. We do sympathise
with the passengers affected.”
By Katie Morley
Seat of power One
of the 18th-century
chairs on which
John Churchill,
1st Duke of
(above) plotted the
defeat of France’s
King Louis XIV,
(below) returns to
Blenheim Palace
after a restoration.
Editorial Comment: Page 17
Parents lose fight to have
Alfie Evans treated in Italy
u The parents of Alfie
Evans, the terminally ill
infant, have lost their latest
legal battle to take their son
abroad for experimental
A lawyer representing
Tom Evans, 21, and Kate
James, 20, yesterday
returned to the Court of
Appeal to ask judges to rule
that Alfie should be allowed
to travel to Rome.
But Lord Justice Davis,
Lady Justice King and Lord
Justice Moylan ruled against
them after a hearing in
London. The couple, who
are from Liverpool, had
already lost legal fights in
the High Court, Court of
Appeal, Supreme Court and
European Court of Human
In February, Mr Justice
Hayden ruled that doctors at
Alder Hey Children’s
Hospital in Liverpool could
stop treating Alfie against
the wishes of his parents.
As news from the court
reached Alfie’s supporters at
the hospital yesterday, tears
mixed with anger and the
crowd began a chant of
“Save Alfie Evans!”
Vigilantes to block burglar’s
funeral passing victim’s home
u Vigilantes are planning a
roadblock to stop the
funeral procession of a
burglar from passing the
house of his victim.
Henry Vincent, who was
killed after he broke into the
home of 78-year-old Richard
Osborn-Brooks, will be laid
to rest with a service
featuring a horse-drawn
cart, his friends have said.
But supporters of Mr
Osborn-Brooks have said
they will disrupt plans to
carry Vincent in front of the
pensioner’s home in Hither
Green, south-east London.
One man, named only as
Mike, told The Sun at least a
dozen vehicles would be
ready to stop the procession
nearing the scene where Mr
Osborn-Brooks fatally
stabbed career criminal
Vincent with a screwdriver.
At the weekend, police
stopped Vincent’s family
from attaching balloons and
banners to fences beside the
house on what would have
been his birthday. Mr
Osborn-Brooks has been
advised to stay away from
the property amid concern
for his own safety.
Brexit ‘helps Detective felt
pupils get first ‘forced’ to give
choice school’ Cliff raid news
u More children are now
getting their first choice of
primary school because of
Brexit, London councils
have said.
Yesterday, more than half
a million families in England
were told which school their
child will attend this
autumn, on what is known
as “national offer day”.
There were signs that, in
many areas of the country, a
higher proportion of
children gained places at
their first choice of school
compared with last year.
A spokesman for the Pan
London Admissions Board,
said: “We believe that high
property prices in some
areas and the initial effects
of the EU referendum have
contributed to this easing
of pressure at primary
Since the Brexit vote,
European families have
been leaving the capital,
which has eased the
pressure on schools, the
spokesman said.
u A retired detective has
told the High Court he felt
“forced” to reveal the police
raid on Sir Cliff Richard’s
home to a BBC journalist.
Matthew Fenwick said he
believed Dan Johnson
would run a story about
South Yorkshire Police’s
investigation into an
Sir Cliff Richard
told a judge his
name had been
across the
allegation of sexual assault
unless he was told about the
search. He said: “I didn’t
want them to publish a story
at that stage.”
Sir Cliff, 77, is suing the
BBC for “substantial
damages” over its coverage
of the raid but BBC lawyers
said it was “of legitimate
public interest” and its
coverage was in good faith.
Police officers lose 240,000
rest days amid staffing ‘crisis’
u Police officers are owed
up to a week in rest days due
to staff shortages, the Police
Federation has complained.
The union described the
situation as being “in crisis”,
with the lowest number of
police in a generation, fears
over rising violent crime,
and a leaked Home Office
report linking the two.
Calum Macleod, chairman
of the Police Federation in
England and Wales, said
cancelling rest days – the
equivalent of a weekend off
during a working week –
had a worrying impact on
morale, mental and physical
health, and efficiency.
Figures obtained by the
Press Association showed
that some 237,697 rest days
were owed to 70,000 police
officers in England and
Wales as of Sept 17 last year
– the last time the country’s
terror alert was at “critical”.
They had been either
cancelled, outstanding or
waiting to be re-rostered.
The true figure is expected
to be far higher when the
country’s two biggest forces
– the Met and West
Midlands Police are added.
The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 17 April 2018
Violent girlfriend is
first woman guilty
of new abuse crime
By Victoria Ward
A UNIVERSITY graduate is believed to
be the first woman convicted under
new domestic abuse laws after scalding
her boyfriend with boiling water, stabbing him and keeping food from him.
Jordan Worth, 22, banned her partner from their bed, decided what
clothes he could wear, isolated him
from friends and family and took over
his Facebook account.
She was jailed for seven and a half
years after pleading guilty to the offence of controlling or coercive behaviour in an intimate relationship, as well
as wounding with intent and causing
grievous bodily harm with intent.
Worth made her boyfriend’s life a
misery, exercising control over him
shortly after they moved in together,
Luton Crown Court heard.
Raised in Ridgmont, Herts, she was a
high performer at school, was a trained
gymnast and gained a degree in fine art
from University of Hertfordshire. She
volunteered for an animal charity but
wanted to become a teacher.
But Judge Nic Madge heard that
Worth controlled every aspect of her
partner’s life at their home in the village of Stewartby in Bedfordshire.
Worth and her partner had met at
college in 2012 when they were both 16,
Maryam Syed, prosecuting, told the
‘She accepts
using boiling
or hot water
to cause
injury to him
... [and] in
the past used
a knife to
cause injury
to him’
court. She became violent towards the
man, who suffered from hydrocephalus – which the court heard made him
vulnerable – using blunt objects to
strike him, wounding him with a knife
and failing to help him get hospital
treatment. For nine months he was
banned from sleeping in the same bed
as her.
Neighbours said they often heard
the couple arguing and the sounds of
things being thrown, Miss Syed said.
The victim was heard by his neighbours shouting at Worth: “Get off me,
you are hurting me.” He was seen on
occasions with black eyes and to be
limping and with his arm in a sling.
Worth was once seen at window by a
neighbour, “armed” with a screwdriver
or hammer, the court heard.
When paramedics were called, they
found injuries to her partner’s hand
and burns to arms and legs which were
being self-treated with cling film. He
was taken to Bedford Hospital and then
to Addenbrooke’s hospital. Miss Syed
said: “Five per cent of his total body
surface was scalded.”
Days later, Worth was arrested.
Judge Madge told Worth that as well
as the violence, she had refused him
adequate bedding and food. He said
she would “belittle” her partner and
discouraged him from contacting
friends and his family.
“She accepts using boiling or hot water to cause injury to him. She accepts
that she has in the past used a knife to
cause injury to her partner,” he said.
Worth was handed a restraining order, preventing her from contacting
the victim for an indefinite period.
By Camilla Turner and Tony Diver
22-year-old who stabbed,
beat, bullied, scalded and
controlled her boyfriend
is jailed for seven years
Oxford dope
party called off
over ‘cultural
Jordan Worth controlled her partner’s life, attacking him repeatedly and banning him from their bed
AN OXFORD college has been forced to
cancel its “cannabis themed” party
amid accusations of “cultural appropriation”. The entertainment team at
Mansfield College planned to host a
bop on Friday where students were encouraged to dress up as their favourite
“stoner icon”.
In an email to undergraduates, they
explained that the party would be
“4/20” themed to commemorate the
“internationally recognised day of protest for the legalisation of Marijuana”
on April 20.
Students were told: “4/20 is not
about the consumption of da herb
itself, and more about the arts, music,
and literature surrounding it; it’s a celebration of a rich culture including
everything from hippies to Hip-Hop,
from Seth Rogan to the Dude.”
The email encouraged “all you
(plant) pot-heads out there” to “dress as
stoner icons like Snoop Dogg, Todd
from BoJack, Shaggy from Scooby Doo,
Harold and Kumar – or even the Super
The entertainment team advised
students: “If you’re white, don’t try to
go as Snoop Dogg or Bob Marley. Blackface isn’t cool”.
However, the theme provoked students who felt that it could lead to “cultural appropriation”.
One undergraduate said that the college’s elected welfare representatives
were also concerned that the event
would be “exclusionary”.
“Anyone who might have negative
experiences of drugs or addiction
might be affected by it,” the student
told The Daily Telegraph.
The entertainment team later apologised for their “significant mistake”, as
they told students that the cannabis
theme had been dropped.
The university declined to comment.
Grenfell Tower fire only spread beyond original flat because of unsafe refurbishment
By Hayley Dixon
THE GRENFELL Tower fire, which
claimed 71 lives, would not have spread
had it not been for the refurbishment
of the building, according to a major report that catalogues a litany of fire
safety failings.
The report, prepared for the Metropolitan Police as part of its investigation
into the tragedy, details five breaches of
building regulations that helped fan the
fire, including the use of combustible
cladding and plastic materials to fill gaps
between ill-fitting window frames and
the building.
It leads to the conclusion that had the
refurbishment not been carried out it
would have been difficult for the fire to
spread beyond the fourth floor flat,
where it began in a fridge freezer in the
early hours of June 14 last year.
A draft of the report prepared by fire
investigation expert BRE Global,
leaked to the Evening Standard, says:
“Grenfell Tower, as originally built, appears to have been designed on the
premise of providing very high levels
of passive fire protection. The original
facade of Grenfell Tower, comprising
exposed concrete and, given its age,
likely timber or metal frame windows,
would not have provided a medium for
fire to spread up the external surface.
There would have been little opportunity for a fire in a flat of Grenfell Tower
to spread to any neighbouring flats.”
The report details how the 2014-2016
refurbishment failed to meet several
major fire safety standards set out in the
building regulations. The window
frames were too small for the hole
meaning that rubberised membrane,
rigid foam insulation and UPVC lightweight plastic panels were used to fill
that gap and “none of the materials
used would be capable of providing
30 minutes’ fire resistance”. Instead the
materials provided a “fuel” that allowed
the fire to spread to the facade, it is said.
Each breach relating to the cladding
system is of far greater importance
when “considered in combination as
opposed to when they occur in isolation”, BRE notes.
The fire was so ferocious that had
the original building not been built
to such strict standards, it is likely that
it would have collapsed, according to
the experts.
Tuesday 17 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 17 April 2018
World news
Paris dancers
complain of
bullying at
the ballet
By Henry Samuel in Paris
PARISIAN ballet dancers have complained of bullying, sexual harassment
and substandard management in a
damning internal poll leaked to the
French media.
The complaints were compiled in a
survey by Paris Opera Ballet’s internal
“artistic expression commission” and
sent to 132 dancers. It found that 77 per
cent said they had been a victim of harassment in the workplace or seen a colleague mistreated, while 26 per cent
said they had suffered sexual harassment or witnessed it.
Stephane Lissner, the director of the
Paris Opera, insisted that the ballet
company had a “zero tolerance” approach to such harassment and invited
cers to report any incidents. But 87
per cent said that the process
to report such problems
wass insufficiently clear or
eter Martins stepped
wn as leader of the New
k City Ballet three
nths ago over allegamonths
ns of sexual miscontions
t. An investigation
ared him of uncleared
ward behavtoward
ve, the arGreve,
ic director
ional BalNational
pped of his
nth, after almonth,
ations of inlegations
appropriate conduct. There was no
mention in the Paris survey of who was
behind any alleged harassment.
The survey was also damning for Aurélie Dupont, the dance director, as almost 90 per cent of dancers felt that
they “did not have a quality management”. One reportedly wrote: “The
current director doesn’t seem to have
any management skills or any desire to
acquire such skills.”
Ms Dupont was hailed as the ballet’s
saviour two years ago when she
stepped in as dance director following
the shock resignation of her predecessor, Benjamin Millepied, the New York
According to Le Figaro newspaper,
dancers said Ms Dupont had failed to
stamp her authority. One was quoted
as saying: “It’s difficult to see her, she
speaks little and in a cutting way. We
don’t know what she wants or where
we’re going.”
Ms Dupont retorted: “I talk to the
dancers a lot, but as I want them to progress, what I have to tell them is not alhear. Management
ways easy to hear.”
she had their full confidence.
In an apparent damage-li
exercise, 99 dancers signed a follow-up
p ition over the weekend
le of an
condemning the leak
survey with“internal survey”
out the “dancers’
consent”. But that did little
to quell the atmosphere. “[The petition]
s s
about the St
methods doing
rounds at the ballet,” one dancer
told Le Figaro.
“Not to sign it
would hav
have been
artistic an
and financial suici
suicide: no
more role
roles… no
more pe
to danc
dance elsewhere.”
By Our Foreign Staff
Performers claim to have
experienced harassment
and poor management in
leaked internal survey
Turkey tries
US pastor who
is accused of
terror links
Aurélie Dupont, the dance director of Paris Opera Ballet, above; Benjamin Millepied with his wife, Natalie Portman, left
AN AMERICAN pastor yesterday denied accusations that he aided terror
groups or spied against Turkey, as he
went on trial in a case that has strained
ties between the two countries.
Andrew Craig Brunson, a 50-yearold evangelical pastor from North Carolina, faces up to 35 years in prison on
charges of “committing crimes on behalf of terror groups without being a
member” and “espionage”.
Mr Brunson was arrested in the aftermath of the unsuccessful Turkish
coup in 2016 for alleged links to the
outlawed Kurdistan Workers’ Party, or
PKK, as well as a network led by Fethullah Gulen, the US-based Muslim cleric
who is blamed by Turkey for the coup
The pastor served at Izmir Resurrection Church, a small Protestant congregation, and has lived in Turkey for 23
years. He denies any wrongdoing.
“I don’t accept any of the allegations
or accusations,” Anadolu, the state-run
news agency quoted Mr Brunson as
telling the court in the town of Aliaga,
some 40 miles north of the Aegean
coastal city of Izmir.
“I did not engage in any illegal activity. I had no relations with anyone engaged in such activity,” Mr Brunson
said. “I am a Christian pastor. I did not
join an Islamic movement. Their aims
and mine are different.”
The agency said the pastor delivered
his defence statement in Turkish.
Thom Tillis, a North Carolina senator, and Sam Brownback, US ambassador-at-large for religious freedoms,
observed the trial.
“We completely believe (that) Andrew Brunson is innocent,” Mr Brownback told reporters outside the
courthouse. “We are hopeful (that) the
judicial system will find that.”
He added: “You’ll continue to see
very high-level US government interest in this until he is released.”
Prosecutors are seeking a 15-year
prison sentence for alleged crimes
committed in the name of Mr Gulen’s
group and the PKK. They want the pastor to serve another 20 years if he is
found guilty of obtaining state secrets
for political and military spying purposes using his religious work as cover.
The indictment – based on the testimony of witnesses, including three secret ones, and digital evidence – claims
the pastor worked to convert Kurds to
Christianity to sow discord.
Pressure mounts on scandal-hit Abe to quit China promises ‘reward’ for spotting spies
By Danielle Demetriou in Tokyo
SHINZO ABE, Japan’s prime minister,
is fighting for his political life, with one
of his predecessors predicting that he
will soon resign following a string of
scandals and sliding ratings.
Junichiro Koizumi, one of Japan’s
most popular postwar prime ministers,
said Mr Abe was in a “dangerous” situation, adding: “Won’t he resign around
the time the current parliamentary session ends [on 20 June]?”
Mr Koizumi’s comments reflect
wider discontent in Japan, where tens
of thousands of people gathered near
parliament with signs saying “Abe is
Over” and chanting “Abe quit!”.
The prediction coincided with Mr
Abe heading to the United States for a
two-day meeting with Donald Trump
in Florida over Japan’s role in tackling
North Korea’s nuclear and missile
threats as well as bilateral trade.
Back at home, Mr Abe’s reputation
has been severely dented by a scandal
surrounding the heavily discounted
sale of state-owned land to a school
operator with ties to Akie Abe, his wife.
While Mr Abe has protested his inno-
cence, the finance ministry recently
admitted tampering with sale documents to remove references to Mr Abe
and his wife.
Meanwhile, the same ministry was
embroiled in scandal last week, following claims that Junichi Fukuda, the
administrative vice finance minister,
sexually harassed several female
reporters. Mr Fukuda denies the claims.
Mr Abe’s popularity has hit a record
low, with a Nippon TV survey citing
public support for him as down to just
26.6 per cent and an Asahi newspaper
poll putting it at only 31 per cent.
By Neil Connor in Beijing
BEIJING has set up a website in English and Chinese for people to report
on “spies”, the latest national security
measure to be rolled out by increasingly sensitive Chinese authorities.
Citizens are being asked to report
people involved in a range of activities,
from bribing officials, instigating riots
and even “inciting ethnic separatism”.
The website also lets people inform
when foreigners meet individuals who
have “endangered state security”.
Chinese dissidents often reach out to
foreign governments and media in an
attempt to get their voices heard.
Such official language will cause
alarm among human rights groups,
which have previously expressed concern about security legislation that is
couched in general terms and open to
wide interpretation.
It is unclear why the website is in
both English and Chinese, although
the English-speaking expatriate population in China is growing.
A report by Xinhua, the state news
agency, said those who contact the
website “will be rewarded if the infor-
mation is true”, although no further
details were given by authorities.
Last April, officials in Beijing offered
rewards of between 10,000 yuan
(£1,100) and 500,000 yuan (£55,600)
for information on spies.
Communist China takes an extremely strict approach to its national
security and is increasingly using data
gathered online to mould behaviour.
In 2015, it established hotlines for
people to inform on spies, and in 2016 a
cartoon campaign was launched to
warn of the risks of dating foreigners.
Additional reporting by Christine Wei
Tuesday 17 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
World news
Entente cordiale Emmanuel Macron, the president of France, and Justin Trudeau shake hands before embracing as Canada’s prime minister arrived in Paris for a two-day visit. It is Mr
Trudeau’s first official trip to France and will focus on trade as Canada looks to ease its reliance on the US. Fluent in French, he will deliver a speech to the National Assembly tomorrow.
Backlash as
Comey says
Trump not
morally fit
By Ben Riley-Smith
SUPPORTERS of the Trump
White House have claimed
sacked FBI director James
Comey has a “God complex”
and is politically biased after
he declared the president
“morally unfit” for office.
Donald Trump’s allies
took to the airwaves to criticise Mr Comey after his
prime-time interview with
ABC News led to a string of
damaging headlines.
The interview, timed to
coincide with Mr Comey’s
new book, contained few
new revelations but was
packed with his damning
opinions of the US president.
Kellyanne Conway, a
counsellor to Mr Trump,
claimed Mr Comey was
pushing a “revisionist version of history” and had
sunk into the “gutter” by
mocking the president’s
physical appearance.
Jason Miller, Mr Trump’s
former campaign spokesman,
said Mr Comey “has a God
complex” and thinks “he’s the
only one who can decide
when things are right”.
reacted by tweeting that the
former FBI director was
The backlash came after
Sunday’s airing of the interview with Mr Comey, the
first since he was dismissed
by Mr Trump in May 2017.
In it, Mr Comey said it was
possible Mr Trump obstructed justice by urging
him to drop an inquiry into
Michael Flynn, Trump’s exnational security adviser.
Mr Comey said Mr Trump
treats women like “meat”, is
a serial liar and demands loyalty from those around him
like a mob boss.
The former intelligence
official fell short of backing
impeachment, saying it was
up to the American people to
vote Mr Trump out.
Mr Comey said: “I don’t
think he’s medically unfit to
be president; I think he’s
morally unfit to be president.
“A person who sees moral
equivalence in Charlottesville, who talks about and
treats women like they’re
pieces of meat, who lies constantly about matters, big
and small, and insists the
American people believe it –
that person’s not fit to be
president of the United
States, on moral grounds.”
Canadians sent home
over Cuba ‘sonic attack’
By Nick Allen in
CANADA last night said it
was removing its diplomats’
families from Cuba after
some may have suffered
brain injuries as a result of
so-called “sonic attacks”.
The symptoms, which included dizziness, headaches,
nausea and loss of balance,
were found in 10 Canadian
personnel and their relatives, some of whom were
children. In September, the
United States ordered more
than half its government
personnel out of Cuba.
It said there had been
“specific attacks” on diplomats, including in hotels.
The symptoms among
American diplomats, similar
to those experienced by the
Canadians, initially led investigators to suspect use of
a “sonic weapon,” but there
has been no proof that was
the cause.
The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 17 April 2018
World news
Church in phone exorcisms as demand rises
Increased workload means
Devil-vanquishing priests
sometimes deliver prayers
of liberation remotely
By Nick Squires in Rome
DEMAND for exorcisms is booming as
a result of a decline in Christian faith
and the internet providing easy access
to black magic, the occult and Satanism, a Vatican conference was told.
So many people are now asking to be
liberated from the Devil’s malign
clutches that some priests have taken
to saying prayers of liberation – a first
step to exorcism – over the phone, the
conference for exorcist priests heard.
“There are priests who carry out
exorcisms on their mobile phones.
That’s possible thanks to Jesus,” said
Cardinal Ernest Simoni, an Albanian
who was once tortured and imprisoned
by Communist authorities, but continued to perform frequent exorcisms.
His comments took some experts by
surprise, with priests pointing out that
conducting an exorcism remotely
would not be wise because people who
are possessed often writhe around violently and have to be restrained to stop
them harming themselves.
“Priests pray with people on the
phone to calm them down, but if you
are not there you cannot control the
physical aspects,” said Prof Giuseppe
Ferrari, one of the event organisers.
More than 250 priests, theologians,
psychologists and criminologists from
51 countries gathered at a Catholic university in Rome yesterday for the start
of the week-long conference, the only
one of its kind in the world. The con-
cept of demonic possession may be
regarded by agnostics and atheists with
scepticism, even derision, but it is a
subject of the utmost seriousness for
the Catholic Church.
This is the 13th time the annual conference has been held at the Regina
Apostolorum pontifical university – the
first was in 2004 – and the number of
participants grows every year.
A belief in black magic and Satan – or
“the Prince of Evil” as one priest called
him – is on the increase and with that,
the need for exorcisms, delegates said.
In Italy, it is claimed that over the
past decade the number of people asking for exorcisms has tripled to half a
million. The country now boasts
around 300 exorcist priests, with hundreds more in other parts of the world.
The Vatican insists that every Catholic diocese in the world must have a
priest trained as an exorcist.
“Demand is growing, absolutely,”
said Father Anthony Barratt, a British
priest who is based in Albany, New
York State. “I think it is partly due to
the internet, which makes it (Satanism)
so accessible. Films and television programmes are also a factor,” he added.
Priests at the conference claimed
that, as depicted by Hollywood, victims
really do vomit nails and shards of glass
during exorcisms. They can also
develop supernatural strength, their
voices change to a gravelly growl and
they are able to speak languages they
have never studied.
“Most commonly they speak Latin,
Hebrew and Aramaic,” said Father
Pedro Barrajon, a Spanish priest.
Opening the conference, Father Jose
Enrique Oyarzun said: “Digital technology is invigorating him [the Devil]
and leading people astray.”
keep quiet about their discovery to
give professionals time to plan the dig,
and were then invited to participate in
the recovery.
The oldest coin found in the trove is
a Damascus dirham dating to 714, while
the most recent is a penny dating to
983. The find suggests that the treasure
may have been buried in the late 980s
– also the period when Harald was
‘We have here the rare
case of a discovery that
appears to corroborate
historical sources’
covery that appears to corroborate historical sources,” said archaeologist
Detlef Jantzen.
Harald turned his back on old Norse
religion and introduced Christianity to
Denmark but was forced to flee to Pomerania after a rebellion led by his son,
Sweyn Forkbeard, who later became
the first Danish king of England. His
nickname came from the fact that he
had a dead tooth that looked bluish, but
it is now best known for the wireless
Bluetooth technology invented by
Swedish telecom company Ericsson.
The company named the technology,
developed to wirelessly unite computers with cellular devices, after him for
his ability to unite ancient Scandinavia.
The technology logo carries the runic letters for his initials, HB.
Schoolboy, 13,
unearths hoard
from the era of
Bluetooth king
By Will Horner
A 13-YEAR-OLD boy and an amateur
archaeologist, armed with metal detectors, have discovered a 1,000-year-old
hoard of coins in Germany from the era
of Harald Bluetooth, the king who
brought Christianity to Denmark.
The discovery of a single silver
coin by Rene Schoen and his student,
Luca Malaschnitschenko, on Rügen
island in the Baltic – which they
initially thought to be a worthless
piece of aluminium – prompted a
400 square metre (4,300 square feet)
dig by the state archaeology department last weekend.
Braided necklaces, pearls, brooches,
a Thor’s hammer, rings and up to 600
chipped coins were found, including
more than 100 that date back to the era
of Harald, who reigned from 958 to 986
and conquered a territory that absorbed what is now Denmark, northern Germany, southern Sweden and
parts of Norway.
“This trove is the biggest single discovery of Bluetooth coins in the southern Baltic Sea region and is, therefore,
of great significance,” lead archaeologist Michael Schirren said.
“This was the (biggest) discovery of
my life,” Mr Schoen said.
The Mecklenburg-West Pomerania
state archaeology office said the two
amateur archaeologists were asked to
archaeologist Rene
Schoen and
student Luca
left, at the dig site,
right, were braided
necklaces, pearls,
brooches, a Thor’s
hammer, rings and
up to 600 chipped
coins were found
Australian surfer fights off shark
attack ... then swims to shore
A MAN who was mauled by a shark off
south-western Australia managed to
swim to shore despite serious injuries
to both legs.
Alejandro Travaglini, 37, was surfing
at Gracetown at around 8am yesterday
when he was attacked, according to
Dennis Bertoldo of St John Ambulance.
He was the first of two surfers bitten
on the same stretch of coast yesterday
and fears of more attacks led to a professional surfing tournament being
temporarily suspended.
Mr Travaglini was treated on the
beach by paramedics before being
flown, by helicopter 160 miles to hospital in Perth, Mr Bertoldo added. Local
By Our Foreign Staff
The shark which attacked Alejandro
Travaglini left a bite mark in his surfboard
news reports suggest Mr Travaglini
fought off the shark before catching a
wave and bodysurfing back in to shore.
Peter Jovic, a surf photographer who
saw the attack from the beach, told
ABC radio: “The surfer who was being
attacked ended up, miraculously, bodysurfing into a little wave and getting
pushed in by a local who was out there
with him, and making it to shore before
everyone came to his aid.”
The hospital later described Mr
Travaglini’s condition as stable.
The attack prompted the World Surf
League to suspend the nearby Margaret River Pro international surfing contest before resuming about an hour
later. Lifeguards said a 13 ft shark was
spotted off a nearby beach two hours
after the attack.
Another surfer near the same beach
was attacked after Mr Travaglini, suffering a large gash to his thigh.
Leap of
The annual
at Yasukuni
Shrine took
place in
The spring
Complaints spark cannabis ban on
streets in The Hague’s city centre
By James Crisp
THE Hague has banned cannabis smoking on streets in
its centre and is targeting
English-speaking tourists to
stamp out drug-fuelled, antisocial behaviour.
After complaints from residents, using marijuana will
be forbidden in major shopping areas and the central
railway station in the seat of
Dutch government, as the
Netherlands continues to
toughen up its traditionally
liberal approach to the drug.
Cannabis is sold openly in
573 coffee shops, which can
sell the drug but not produce
it, in 103 of the 380 municipalities in the Netherlands,
including The Hague.
Flyers have been distributed around the city’s coffee
shops and homeless shelters, and an English language version has been
given to the city’s hotels and
hostels to warn tourists.
Flouting the ban, which
comes into force this weekend, will result in fines if initial warnings are ignored.
A spokesman for Pauline
Krikke, the mayor of The
Hague, said that the ban was
needed after “many complaints from residents and
visitors” about the smell of
cannabis and noise from
drug users.
Eight deny girl’s
rape and murder
Eight men, including four
police officers and a Hindu
temple guard, have denied
raping and killing an
eight-year-old Muslim girl
in Jammu, Kashmir, in a
case that has led to angry
protests. The girl was drugged
and raped over five days in
January before being killed.
Flesh-eating ulcer
threat to Australia
Australia faces a “rapidly
worsening epidemic” of
flesh-eating Buruli ulcers,
more commonly found in
tropical Africa. Doctors have
warned of a 400 per cent
rise in cases of the
potentially lethal infection
over the past four years.
China backtracks
on gay purge
Sina Weibo, the Chinese
equivalent of Twitter, has
reversed its decision to
remove gay content after a
public outcry. Users said
that the company smeared
homosexuality by lumping
it in with pornography in a
recent censorship drive.
known to have fled to Pomerania,
where he died in 987.
“We have here the rare case of a dis-
Tuesday 17 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
What’s in a
name? Perhaps
less than we
sometimes think
j v Chamary
market trader has
been banned from
shouting about his
fruit and vegetables. So
what, you may ask? The
story might not have made
the news if it weren’t for the
noisy seller’s name. It is, of
course, Wayne Bellows.
Mr Bellows seems to be a
case of nominative
determinism. This is the
idea that your name
somehow, through some
arcane mechanism we don’t
yet understand, actually
helps determine your
destiny. It was first
popularised by the New
Scientist magazine, which
highlighted several
examples, such as a study on
incontinence in the British
Journal of Urology by
doctors Splatt and Weedon
and a book on the North
Pole by Daniel Snowman.
We’re all familiar with
Usain Bolt, though fewer of
us know of the firefighter
Les McBurney. There is a
banker called Rich Ricci,
and the lewd American
politician Anthony Weiner.
But can it really be true that
our name determines our
fate? And if so, how?
One obvious possibility is
that it is driven by
stereotyping. We are all
capable of consciously or
unconsciously absorbing
and playing into the
assumptions of those
around us. The senior judge
Lord Judge felt his job was a
coincidence, but the
barrister James Counsel
suspected he had been
affected by his name.
The problem is that these
are all anecdotes. We all
suffer from reporting bias:
the tendency to share
interesting information. For
every Mr Bun the baker
there are many Buns who
have never baked.
Confirmation bias means we
focus on what supports our
pre-existing ideas and
ignore the vast evidence to
the contrary. So is it all just
The most well-known
study to support the idea of
nominative determinism
was published in 2002 by
the prosaically named Brett
Pelham. His explanation was
nominative determinism is
an extension of a broader
phenomenon known as
“implicit egotism”, an
unconscious preference for
things resembling the self,
which includes choosing
careers that resemble our
own names. The researchers
found that people named
Dennis or Denise were
overrepresented among
dentists, for instance.
In 2011, psychologist Uri
Simonsohn claimed that the
effect of names didn’t exist,
that it was the result of a
statistical artefact. Pelham
did a follow-up study,
“When Tex and Tess
Carpenter Build Houses in
Texas”, but Simonsohn
countered that too. Still, the
idea of nominative
determinism continues to
be covered as the truth in
pop culture and even
psychology textbooks.
What of Mr Bellows? You
could suggest that his name
alone influenced his career
path, but he’s a fourthgeneration fruit-and-veg
seller. It’s often said that
names originate from the
trades practised by our
ancestors, implying that
skills are somehow
inherited. That could mean
Butchers and Bakers still
have the genetic traits
which made their ancestors
good at slaughtering
animals and rolling pastry.
On the other hand, it is far
more likely that children are
simply raised to respect and
value the profession of their
parents. After all, following
one’s elders into their jobs
was the norm for hundreds
of years in the West.
It’s tempting to believe in
nominative determinism. It
is delicious, if scary, to think
we might be so easily
pigeonholed. For now,
though, the evidence just
isn’t there. If it were, that
would really be something
to shout about.
follow J V Chamary on
Twitter @jvchamary
To order prints or signed copies of any Telegraph cartoon, go to or call 0191 603 0178 
Corbyn’s aim is not to codify war, but
to ensure we never take action again
It is clear the Labour leader
would not lift a finger to
protect the Western world
he is privileged to live in
william hague
have been reminded by Nick
Robinson of the BBC that, like
Jeremy Corbyn now, I called as
foreign secretary for legislation
to require governments to
consult Parliament before
launching military action. That was
when, in the Coalition Government,
we asked for and obtained the
overwhelming support of the
Commons for our actions in Libya.
Yet over the following two or three
years, looking at it with the then
defence secretary and attorney
general, I came to the reluctant
conclusion that enshrining in law all
the circumstances when ministers
need to use armed force overseas was
not practical. It is easy to decide that a
full-scale assault on another country,
like the invasion of Iraq, requires a
parliamentary vote, and equally easy
to know that something like using
special forces to rescue a hostage does
not. The trouble is the many and
unpredictable grey areas in between.
What about the moments when
acting with our allies requires an
immediate decision? Or the best way
to defend ourselves is to launch a
pre-emptive attack? Or complete
secrecy is essential for the safety of
our forces? Or serious force is to be
used but stopping far short of
becoming engaged in a war? Is cyber
warfare included in the legislation?
There are endless questions of this
kind, particularly given the rapidly
changing nature of warfare, which are
extremely difficult to allow for in a law
and which would then be open to
judicial interpretation.
In any event, even I never believed
that the use of British forces on the
scale we saw on Saturday morning
should be inhibited by legislation. This
was a limited operation, with minimal
risk to our own personnel, in
conjunction with our closest allies and
where speed was essential for it to be
effective, and in defence of
humanitarian principles to which this
country is committed. It is wholly
reasonable for the elected government
to make a decision on such an
operation and be accountable to
Parliament for its success or failure.
What would be desirable in the long
term is a general understanding
among political parties that our
deliberate entry into a sustained
conflict or large-scale operation
requires parliamentary approval but
that many other circumstances can
necessitate an executive decision.
Such an understanding, however, will
never be achieved as long as Corbyn is
Labour leader. For his objective is
not to codify the rules for taking
military action but to come close to
preventing it ever happening at all; not
a vigorous parliament but an impotent
Western world.
If anyone doubts that, they should
take a close look at his interview on
Sunday with Andrew Marr. His first
instinct is to demand a level of proof of
culpability that is almost impossible to
satisfy. On the attempted murder of
Sergei and Yulia Skripal with a nerve
agent that all our own experts and the
international inspectors agree was
produced in Russia, he is still asking
for “incontrovertible evidence”.
Similarly, on the use of chemical
weapons in Syria, he wants to see the
result of more investigations by the
Organisation for the Prohibition of
Chemical Weapons, even though the
Russians and Syrians will already have
destroyed much evidence, and the
same organisation ruled last year that
Assad was responsible for chemical
Whatever the evidence, he then
went on to show that he would never
be prepared to take any action about it.
Asked what he would do if furnished
with sufficient proof, he said he
“would confront Assad with that
evidence”. Then he would say
someone “must come in and remove
those weapons”. It is impossible to
hear these sentences without thinking
that the problem might be naïveté,
stupidity, lack of information or an
absence of familiarity with the world
at large. But Corbyn is not a stupid or
uninformed man. He must know that,
were he prime minister, securing a
meeting with Assad to “confront” him
would be an unlikely scenario, and not
very advisable given the mass murders
authorised by that very man. And he
also knows full well that there has
already been a long process of Syria
agreeing to the removal of its stock of
chemical weapons and that the regime
has deliberately failed to keep its word
and has hung on to sufficient supplies
to kill a lot of people.
In case these ludicrous objections to
trying to uphold the international ban
on chemical attacks could be
overcome, Corbyn then voiced a final
all-embracing obstacle to taking any
action, ever, in the Syrian conflict. He
said he would only countenance our
involvement “if there’s UN authority
follow William
Hague on Twitter
behind it”. Again, one wonders at first
blush if he is at all acquainted with the
events of recent years. Russia has
proved many times that it will veto any
use of force by the West while feeling
free to intervene itself without regard
for humanitarian concerns. Corbyn’s
statement is therefore the same as
saying that there is no atrocity that
Assad or anyone else can commit that
will provoke us to make any
intervention other than a strong set of
remarks at the Security Council.
It would be comforting to think that
the Leader of the Opposition is just a
dear old idealist who can’t bring
himself to think the worst of various
authoritarian regimes, and hates using
force on principle. If he is, that is
dangerous enough – he even voted
against joining the successful action
against the emergence of an Isil state
in Iraq and Syria, and would have left
the world, including British citizens,
more open to their attacks.
He does not, however, have the
excuse of ignorance, and the more
likely explanation is more chilling. He
is consciously unwilling to defend the
Western world and its norms of
behaviour, even though it is our own
world of freedoms, prosperity and
accountability. Far from being a
throwback to the Seventies, he has
not intellectually accepted the lessons
of the Thirties – that anti-Semitism
must be stamped out without
hesitation and that dictators cannot be
allowed to push the boundaries of
acceptable conduct.
Corbyn is not just a more Left-wing
version of previous Labour leaders.
We know for sure after the last few
weeks that he is someone completely
different, who would not lift a finger,
under almost any circumstances, to
defend the society whose liberties he
has for so long enjoyed.
Don’t dash hopes of the Windrush pioneers
Ministers must show that
Britain is the just nation
migrants like me thought
we were coming to
n 1 September 1960, aged 10, I
arrived with three of my siblings
to a cold and unwelcoming
Britain after a 4,000-mile voyage from
Trinidad. My parents had landed 18
months earlier with my two younger
siblings and set up home. It seems
amazing today that four small children
were allowed to journey
unaccompanied on a passenger ship.
I was so excited as we docked in
Southampton. Even the rain didn’t
dampen my spirits as I made my way
down the gangplank in my pretty
dress, my hair in neat ribbons. But my
joy wasn’t to last, as I realised I was
going to be treated as a colour and not
as a person. At school we were bullied.
Only the sanctuary of the one room all
eight of us shared kept me going.
At school in Trinidad I had been
taught all about Britain, about its
heroes, poets and history. I was told
the Queen loved me and that I was
British. Every day we sang God Save
the Queen. I wasn’t taught anything
about how my people came to be in
the Caribbean, how for centuries
Africans were transported there as
enslaved people. I didn’t know all this.
Going to Britain was the equivalent of
going to Disneyland.
My father had decided to seek work
here, following in the footsteps of the
1948 Windrush pioneers, who had
answered the call to come to Britain to
help rebuild the country after the war.
However the welcome they received
was not what they expected. To quote
one pioneer: “We could not get on a
bus and go back home.”
They came with hope and optimism
in their hearts, with a sense of duty to
the Motherland. They were treated
abominably in many ways, which was
partly due to the lack of information
from the government explaining why
Caribbean people were coming to the
UK. The most poignant memory many
new arrivals have as they searched for
accommodation were signs saying:
“No coloureds, no Irish and no dogs.”
Today many of those Windrush
children find themselves in the almost
unbelievable situation of being
threatened with deportation unless
they can prove their immigration
status. Like many, I have been deeply
concerned by the insensitivity the
Home Office has shown towards these
elderly, vulnerable people. This
situation should never have arisen and
I am mystified as to why it was allowed
to reach crisis point before the
Government finally started to take
notice of the cacophony of outrage.
The word amnesty implies
wrongdoing, but these people have
done nothing wrong. On the contrary:
they have worked hard to the benefit
of our great nation, so there should be
an automatic status approval for
anyone who was a minor and arrived
in Britain from the Caribbean before
1973. The Government must do all it
can to put right the hurt caused to
these dignified and proud people. The
fear and anxiety is not only cruel, it is
dangerous. Many of them will be
suffering from medical conditions
which will be aggravated by stress.
Yesterday in the House of Lords, I
asked the minister what was being
done and he explained the
Government has set up a dedicated
task force to help with their
applications. But that still means they
will have to provide evidence about
their right to be here, so not much has
changed. They still have to go through
an unpleasant process. The
Government says it will take a
maximum of two weeks, but I doubt
this is realistic. These are old people,
they forget things, they don’t have the
internet. Would you put your granny
through this?
This 70th Windrush anniversary
year was meant to be a time for
celebration, but these distressing
events undermine it. I have been
organising a Windrush Garden at the
RHS Chelsea Flower show, to highlight
the contribution of the Windrush
Generation. Birmingham City Council
took up the challenge and is creating
the most wonderful display. I hope
that by the time the garden is open,
this situation will have been resolved.
I had to face adversity when I came
to Britain and yet this month I will be
awarded the Freedom of the City of
London, which to me demonstrates
how far this country has moved on. I
have always believed Britain is a great
country where fairness and justice
prevail. So hopefully this sorry episode
will focus minds on the importance of
upholding these principles.
Baroness Benjamin is a Lib Dem peer
The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 17 April 2018
Letters to the Editor
Seeking to delay the Syria strike would have given succour to Assad and the conspiracy theorists
SIR – Many dislike President Donald
Trump’s style, and others, like the Rev
Dr John Cameron (Letters, April 16),
find his tweets almost beyond belief.
Yet demanding a delay while
parliamentary endorsement was
sought – when the release on April 4 of
chemical agents necessitated a
measured, accurate and timely
military response – would merely have
given more opportunity to those
claiming that the incident was staged
by the White Helmets to argue for the
maintenance of the status quo. Israel
had no such qualms in mounting its
missile attack immediately.
Both the Israeli and the Allied
responses have now reminded
President Bashar al-Assad in terms
which even he cannot ignore that
further transgressions will be similarly
punished. Having served for over 27
years in two armies (one Middle
Eastern) and under two flags, I applaud
Theresa May’s resolve
Lt-Col Nicholas Cooper (retd)
Barford St Martin, Wiltshire
Airstrikes and the
national interest
he ramifications of last weekend’s
Syrian airstrikes continue to
reverberate. On the military side, the
US, British and French armed forces
acquitted themselves professionally,
proportionately and clinically. The
limited action taken to uphold international
protocols prohibiting the use of chemical weapons
was an unqualified success and has not drawn the
three countries into a wider conflict with Russia, as
some had feared. However, the threat remains, not
least of a cyber warfare campaign orchestrated by
Moscow. Questions also persist over the extent to
which the Assad regime’s capacity to gas its own
people has been degraded. But with Syrian and
Russian authorities impeding the work of weapons
inspectors, it will be hard to know.
On the political side, Theresa May and the
Cabinet took a decision to join the mission which
she considered to be in the national interest and
justified on humanitarian grounds. She spelled out
her reasons for doing so compellingly and
convincingly in the House of Commons yesterday,
both for taking action and for not consulting
Parliament in advance. The recently promulgated
principle that the executive can only commit the
Armed Forces to battle with the prior approval of
MPs has been clarified and convention restored. As
Mrs May observed, the bizarre alternative posited
by Jeremy Corbyn to act only with a resolution of
the UN was to accept a Russian veto on UK action.
Diplomatically, the implications of the past week
are considerable. When Donald Trump was
looking to Europe for support, he called on
Emmanuel Macron first, a fact not lost in Paris or
London. The French leader claims to speak daily to
Mr Trump and to have convinced him to stay in
Syria “for the long term” though this has been
contradicted by Washington. None the less,
President Macron is in the business of supplanting
the UK as America’s leading partner in Europe. He
has already hosted Mr Trump in Paris on Bastille
Day and will shortly be in Washington on a state
visit, the first foreign leader so honoured.
It is testament to the puerility of politics in
Britain that President Trump has now visited all
the leading European capitals except ours. With
Germany reluctant to act and Britain preoccupied
with Brexit, France is stepping into the breach. An
important dimension of the Syrian strikes, then,
was to ensure the UK retains a global role as a
reliable ally. It is in the national interest to do so.
Caribbean citizens
eventy years after the MV Empire Windrush
brought the first Caribbean immigrants to
work in Britain, hundreds of their children
have been threatened with deportation or
detention as a result of bureaucratic incompetence
and policy confusion. They have fallen foul of
changes in immigration rules that require the
production of documents to prove residency
rights. Many of those who arrived in the Fifties and
Sixties did so under the impression they were
British subjects – as indeed they then were – and
felt no need to seek naturalisation or apply for the
requisite paperwork. Children would have
travelled on their parents’ passports without any
personal ID which they have never subsequently
Now as they qualify for pensions or apply for
benefits or jobs, they are unable to produce the
documents demanded and a number have been
threatened with removal from the country which
has been their home for almost all their lives. This
is clearly unjust and it is to the Government’s
discredit that this matter was not taken seriously
until it was highlighted by the media.
Belatedly, Amber Rudd has established a task
force, though given her department’s record that is
no guarantee that it will get a grip. Typically, it
does not even know how many people have been
deported. Moreover, this is unlikely only to affect
Caribbean immigrants since many came from the
Indian sub-continent and east Africa before the
1971 Immigration Act changed their status. It is
perverse to have pledged unqualified citizenship
rights to millions of EU citizens and their
dependents while questioning those of people
entitled to settle here for decades.
Stopping at nothing
ennyson’s first ride on a railway train was
made considerably more exciting by his
misapprehension that the engine driver had
to steer the machine. Today most regular rail
travellers are not looking for excitement, so it is all
the more annoying when a train does not stop at
the station advertised. That happened an
astonishing 52,500 times last year. Since
commuters are often in a world of their own, with
earphones firmly plugged in, many on board miss
any prior announcement that might have let them
change at an earlier stop, and they jump up eagerly
as their intended station comes into view only to
see it pass in a blur. Train companies say they are
only leapfrogging to prevent even more passengers
being delayed. The commuters say that services
addicted to such bad habits must simply stop.
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Telegraph Letters
on Twitter
SIR – Where, in the democratic
Western world, is any state seriously
questioning the judgment of Britain,
France and the United States in
making their attacks on Syria’s
chemical weapon capabilities? Only in
our own Parliament do we suffer
useful idiots who are allowed this
unpatriotic soapbox.
Mike Ostick
Upton-upon-Severn, Worcestershire
SIR – Jeremy Corbyn has continued to
question the legality of our attack on
chemical warfare facilities in Syria
while he refuses to condemn Hamas
and Hezbollah attacks on Israel.
One has to wonder at how his brain
works, when the rest of the world
blames Russia for the Skripal
poisonings and he alone takes the
stance that it cannot be proved. This
SIR – I am most surprised that Mrs May
has not been asked to explain to the
EU her decision to authorise British
missile strikes on Syria.
Simon McIlroy
Croydon, Surrey
SIR – “We are mad, not only
individually but nationally. We check
manslaughter and isolated murders,
but what of war and the muchvaunted crime of slaughtering whole
Two thousand years ago Seneca
reflected on the very matters that have
consumed the minds of right-thinking
men, through all eras of humanity to
the present day.
Frank Sloan
Rochester, Kent
SIR – Why is Nicola Sturgeon
commenting on the Syrian situation?
Foreign affairs are entirely reserved to
Westminster; hers is an exclusively
domestic remit.
Imagine the reverse – that Theresa
May criticised the SNP establishment
on a devolved matter.
Martin Redfern
established 1855
Nazi threat in 1940, would he have
invited Hitler to negotiate a political
Tim Tinsley-Wickes
Grayshott, Surrey
Carry on cycling: a snapshot of Damascus the morning after the allied missile strikes
man and his supporters are a danger to
the security and the economy of this
The Labour Party, instead of
heading down the road of obtaining
power at any cost, should be looking
for a way to divest themselves of this
Marxist dinosaur.
Trevor Anderson
Wadhurst, East Sussex
SIR – Mr Corbyn calls continually for
“incontrovertible proof ” to determine
Assad’s guilt.
What’s wrong with proof “beyond
reasonable doubt”, which, I
understand, has served us for
centuries in determining criminal
Fred Bearryman
Woolavington, Somerset
SIR – How dare we interfere with
Russia’s interference?
Peter Cowey
Ponteland, Northumberland
SIR – If Jeremy Corbyn had faced the
SIR – It is interesting to read that,
before launching strikes against the
Assad regime, Mrs May consulted
David Cameron and was offered his
full support (report, April 15).
It would be useful to know whether
the Prime Minister has been having
similar consultations with her
predecessor in connection with her
negotiations with the EU over Brexit.
Dr Max Gammon
London SE16
Data derangement
Commonwealth trade can help end poverty
Harmful healers
SIR – Sometimes legislation topples
into absurdity. The charity that I chair
provides two services – meals on
wheels and befriending – to local
elderly residents, many of whom are
housebound. We now have to send a
letter to each client outlining the
provisions of the Data Protection Act
and asking permission to keep their
data. This consists of name, address,
telephone number, next of kin if
applicable, and in the case of meals
clients, their diet preferences. We
must explain how they can access this.
Finally, we must advise them that if
permission is withheld we can no
longer serve them, as we would not
know who they are or where they live.
This is an Alice in Wonderland world.
Dr Daphne Pearson
SIR – This week the heads of
government from the 53 member
states of the Commonwealth are
meeting in London, and one of the
topics on the agenda will be trade.
Any discussion on trade and
prosperity must be infused with a
conversation about fairness and
Sadly, increased trade and growth
do not necessarily lead to better
incomes, reduced poverty and
improved human rights. Too many
people are paid exploitative wages,
and modern slavery and child labour
remain real risks in global supply
We urge Commonwealth leaders to
support a new agenda for fair trade
and use their position to improve the
lives of farmers and workers. Fairtrade
is making a real difference in the lives
of some of the world’s poorest people,
but much more remains to be done.
The Commonwealth can lead the
way in unlocking the power of trade to
end poverty and human rights abuses.
Michael Gidney
CEO, Fairtrade Foundation, UK
and five others; see
SIR – Mick Brown’s brilliant article in
the Telegraph Magazine (April 7),
highlights two crucial aspects of the
appalling mistreatment of vulnerable
young people by “healers”, like Anne
Craig. The first is the lack of any power
available in the criminal law to hold
such people to account. The fact that
Anne Craig was apparently motivated
less by money than by the wish to
enslave the minds of Laura and
Victoria to satisfy her own
psychological needs on “her journey”,
only serves to underline that current
laws are inapt. Sir Edward Garnier’s
Bill remedies this and deserves
support on all sides of the
parliamentary divide.
The second is the imperative for the
medical profession to license all
“healers”. The General Medical
Council would not countenance the
behaviour of a doctor who perpetrated
the physical harm to a patient
equivalent to the psychological
damage done to Laura and Victoria by
Anne Craig.
The profession, and if necessary the
Government, should act to discourage,
and hopefully prevent, the occurrence
to other victims of the damage that
Anne Craig has inflicted on these two
girls and the suffering which she has
wilfully caused to their families.
Sir John Nutting QC
London W1
Fit to lead?
SIR – James Comey, the former FBI
director, says that Donald Trump is
“morally unfit” to be president.
On the basis of those criteria
(womanising and/or flagrant lying),
Kennedy, Nixon and Clinton were also
unfit for office, while both Ford and
Carter should have been re-elected as
honourable men. But since when were
US presidents elected for their morals?
Terry Smith
London N11
Time and a place
SIR – Tracey Emin’s new installation at
St Pancras station may say “I want my
time with you”– but I want my time
from the station clock, which she has
now obscured.
Tim Matthews
London N6
SIR – We, as faith leaders from every
Commonwealth country, representing
people in Africa, Asia, the Pacific,
Europe and the Americas, come
together in friendship and cooperation
to mark the Commonwealth Heads of
Government Meeting in London.
Not even the remotest corner of the
Commonwealth remains unaffected or
unthreatened by climate change.
Commonwealth citizens, especially
the poorest, are struggling.
Subsistence communities in African
countries have trouble growing crops
in increasingly arid earth.
In the Pacific, rising sea levels
threaten the existence of whole
countries. In Asia, salination is driving
people from their land. Arctic
communities’ ways of life are being
undermined. Ever more violent and
unpredictable storms devastate the
The crisis of poverty and the crisis
of ecology are one; our faiths remind
us of the interconnectedness of
people and our planet. As a common
problem, the crisis requires a common
The Charter of the Commonwealth
affirms the foundations for
cooperation between nations. But it is
time to turn words into action. The
heads of government meeting in
London must commit to urgent action
on climate change adaptation and
mitigation, in line with the Paris
Agreement, and to pursue every effort
to keep the rise in average global
temperature below 1.5 degrees. Our
people call out to their leaders. We
stand beside them.
Most Rev Thabo Cecil Makgoba
Archbishop and Metropolitan of the
Anglican Church in South Africa
Dr Rowan Williams
Rabbi Alexandra Wright
Senior Rabbi, Liberal Jewish Synagogue
Most Rev Julian Leow
Archbishop of Kuala Lumpur
Most Rev Ron Cutler
Anglican Archbishop of Nova Scotia
Rev Loraine Mellor
President of the Methodist Church in
Rev Vijayesh Lal
General Secretary of the Evangelical
Fellowship of India
Rt Rev Denis Wiehe
RC Bishop of Port-Victoria, Seychelles
Cardinal John Atcherley Dew
RC Archbishop of Wellington
Most Rev John Davies
Anglican Archbishop of Wales
and 37 others; see
Pick at your peril
SIR – A child in Yorkshire in the Forties
would never pick a dandelion (report,
April 13). They were known as
pittlebeds (“wet the beds”). A more
sinister superstition was attached to
cow parsley, called mother die.
Edith Reavill
Battle, East Sussex
To Syrian Christians, Assad is the lesser evil
It is easy for the West to
preach – but they face exile
or death in lands beyond
the dictator’s control
was invited to visit Syria last week
to meet local Christians, but had
another engagement in the diary, so
had to decline. Turns out I missed an
historic sight: Western missiles
shooting across the Damascus skyline
to punish Bashar al-Assad for a
chemical weapons attack. Giles Fraser,
an Anglican priest and friend who did
make the trip, says many locals slept
through the “firework display”. His
photos on Twitter of meetings with
local clerics and state officials have
sparked controversy. They apparently
illustrate what Giles calls “the long
tradition of religious pluralism in
You can infer from the tweets an
important, if uncomfortable, point:
many Syrian Christians support the
regime. Three Orthodox patriarchs
have not only questioned whether
Assad in fact used chemical weapons
in Douma but have saluted “the
courage, heroism and sacrifices of the
Syrian Arab Army”.
The Middle East is complicated.
Syria is an ethnic patchwork squeezed
into borders created by long-gone
empires, and held together for decades
by a regime that played one side
against another. Assad is Alawite, a
sect that regards itself as Shia Muslim
but drinks alcohol and believes in
reincarnation. He is a client not only of
Orthodox Russia but the Iranians too,
who want to build a Shia empire
among failed states.
The Sunni resistance found its most
extreme expression in Isil, which
dreams of a regional caliphate, and it’s
no wonder that many Syrian
Christians look at the territory beyond
Assad’s control – where they face exile
or death – and conclude he is the lesser
of two evils. They have certainly
received insufficient support from the
West, which has been slow to grasp
the role of religion and reluctant to
acknowledge the particular suffering
of non-Muslims.
We’ve found it easier to cast the
choice faced by Syrians in secular
terms that fit with our own recent
history: dictatorship versus
democracy. But “democracy” in Syria
could mean tyranny by the majority,
which is what pushes Christians into a
painful compromise with Assad.
Before any Westerner rushes to judge,
ask yourself this: didn’t we make a
similar calculation when we started
bombing Isil, effectively joining the
civil war on Assad’s side?
As a Westerner, I do accept the
verdict of my government that Assad
has gassed his citizens. The thought
revolts me and I want to see him face
justice. But I’m British: I’m not a Syriac
Orthodox taxi driver in Damascus with
a wife and children. The greater the
stake you have in a situation, the less
attractive a moral crusade looks,
especially in a conflict that lacks clear
right and wrong. I suspect the point of
Giles’s tweets was to reflect the human
reality of life on the ground, in a
country where some people simply
want the war to end – and perhaps
resent the West’s preaching.
Where was I rather than Syria?
Washington DC, where I took a
friend to see the Supreme Court,
joined a line in the street and only
when we were inside did I realise we’d
been queuing for half an hour to get
into the Library of Congress. It was
worth it. One of the most beautiful
buildings in DC, the library was
constructed in the 19th century to
prove that Americans were every bit as
civilised as their European forebears.
The walls and ceilings are covered in
murals depicting virtues such as
prudence, temperance, patriotism and
courage. The early republic believed
America was a project in creating not
just a better country but a better
individual, and that success would be
judged by quality of character.
If the federal government built a
library today, it would be a modernist
box dedicated to equality and
diversity. Those are the Left’s
obsessions and they contain little
moral substance at all (something isn’t
inherently better because it’s more
diverse, otherwise the Spice Girls
would be regarded as the greatest
band in history).
But is the contemporary Right at an
advantage? Hell, no. Donald Trump
fails all the moral tests the Founding
Fathers posed for a president: the only
regard in which he is superior to many
of them is that he doesn’t own slaves.
The ex-FBI chief James Comey labels
him “morally unfit to be president”
and says he treats women like “pieces
of meat”. Mr Comey has published a
book to prove his salacious claims,
which to me suggests he’s just as crass
as the president.
In the good old days, the only
people who wrote kiss-and-tells were
preachers’ mistresses, and they would
advertise them on TV dressed like an
angel: “Oprah, he did things to me that
were too shocking to publish”. And not
only were they in the book, but were
the only bits anyone bothered to read.
I admire Neville Lawrence, who
has forgiven the murderers of his
son, Stephen. Here’s an example of
someone doing the right thing in an
impossible situation. “I am sorry” and
“I forgive you” are the hardest things a
human being can ever say – but also,
the most liberating. When the wars
and scandals are over, those words can
rebuild nations.
FOLLOW Tim Stanley on Twitter
@timothy_stanley;
Tuesday 17 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
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The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 17 April 2018
Shane Watson
We’ve forgotten
how to be quiet
Page 20
Love and marriage:
Gwyneth Paltrow is
rumoured to have
remarried in a
star-studded LA
ceremony; while
Meghan Markle,
below with first
husband Trevor
Engelson, will tie
the knot a second
time at Windsor
Castle next month
When second
are bigger
than the first
If you can’t stand
the meat…
Why are millennials
so squeamish in the
kitchen? Page 21
Count the pennies
Teaching children
about saving Page 23
Gwyneth Paltrow’s ‘secret’ ceremony at thee
weekend suggests the era of the low-key
second marriage is over, says Rosa Silverman
A Hell of a show
Meat Loaf and his
unstoppable West
End musical Page 25
hen Henry VIII
married his
second wife, he
did so covertly
and with few
souls present.
“Just before dawn, on the morning of
25 January 1533, a small group of
he King’s
King s
people gathered in the
hitehall Palace
private chapel in Whitehall
ng of the
for the secret wedding
King to Anne Boleyn,”
writes Alison Weir, the
k The
historian, in her book
Six Wives of Henry VIII.
“There were four, possibly
five, witnesses, all sworn
to secrecy.”
The exceptionally
low-key nuptials of the
Tudor king were hardly
surprising: remarriage
was then so verboten
that it necessitated a
royal break with the
Catholic Church thatt
proscribed it.
Fortunately for
Meghan Markle,
things have moved
on a little since
Tudor times. While
Roman Catholicism
still has a fraught relationship with
divorce, in many other communities
second weddings barely raise an
his but,
eyebrow these days. Not only this
increasingly, they’re becoming far
grander occasions than the first.
When Markle married Trevorr
Engelson in 2011, she opted for a
laid back cerem
ceremony on a beach in
“W partying” wass said
Jamaica. “Wild
t be involved.
Toning down
t wildness
in her second
wedding to Prince Harry, will
be advisable
when the couple
tie the knot at Windsor
Cas next month. But
it will otherwise be
fa grander event
her first, with
of royalty and
g the
guests. And
Markle is not the
only famous figure
to be breaking with
tthe once-common
social norm that a
wedding would
be a far smaller event
than the first.
w has
Gwyneth Paltrow
arguably little in common
with Henry VIII but,
according to rumour, she to
too may
have had a secret second wedding,
to Brad Falchuk, her televis
writer fiancé. Only, unlike the
English king, the Hollywood
Hollywoo actress
reportedly did not keep it a modest
affair. Dubbed an “engagement
party”, speculation is swirli
swirling that
the lavish black-tie party hosted
the couple at the Los Angeles
Theater on Saturday night may,
m in
fact, have been the real deal.
wa not a
If it was a wedding, it was
white one – Paltrow wore an
oxblood, one-shoulder, Giambattista
Valli gown, while Falchuk wore
white tux. But it was, undoubtedly,
an impressive one, with A-list
guests thought to include Steven
Spielberg, Kate Hudson, Ca
Diaz, Julia Roberts, Liv Tyler,
Reese Witherspoon, Demi Moore
and Jennifer Aniston. Paltro
Paltrow’s first
husband, Chris Martin, the
Coldplay singer from whom she
“consciously uncoupled” in 2014,
was apparently absent.
Whether Saturday’s festivities
constituted an engagemen
engagement party as
advertised, or a wedding dressed
up as one to outfox the pa
it was a world away from the 2003
an Martin,
elopement of Paltrow and
kno in Santa
who quietly tied the knot
Barbara, California, reportedly
friend present.
with no family or friends
And where the rich aand
famous lead, the rest of us
inevitably follow. Hamish
Shephard, founder of wedding
‘People are getting
remarried earlier
– and that’s when
it’s bigger’
Brideboo is
planning app Bridebook,
among those in the bu
th recent
who have witnessed the
trend in second weddings
are bigger and better than the
bride’s or groom’s first.
o the age
“It often depends on
of the couple,” he say
says. “If it’s
an older couple with
grown-up children, that’s
when it’s more of a [simple]
blessing and can be a
occasion But a lot
lunchtime occasion.
of people are getting
remarried in the earlier
pe cent of
stages of life – 22 per
divorced men remarrying
in their 20s or 30s aand 32 per
cent of women – and that’s
no bigger
when it’s as big, if not
[than their first wedding].
They want to do som
As he points out, a
second marriage would
traditionally be a m
low-key affair in a register
office. But, he add
“that’s a bygone era”.
Since approved premises
permitt as
were first permitted
wedding venues under
the Marriage Act 1994
– hotels, country
houses, castles and so
on – there’s been a
surge in c
places of worship
for their nuptials,
with two thirds now
choosing alternative venues.
downgradin of the
With the downgrading
place of religion in weddings
o other
has come the rejection of
Continued on page 20
Tuesday 17 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
up for
and quiet
to keeping
it down for
the sake of
Gwyneth Paltrow and Chris Martin, above, had a simple ceremony but the actress’s rumoured second wedding to Brad Falchuk, below, is said to have been grand
traditions and conventions
surrounding marriage, including
those governing the nature of a
second wedding.
The Knot, a wedding website,
captures the mood in its article
Second Wedding: Dos and Don’ts:
“Whether it’s a super-formal
extravaganza in a ballroom or a
casual seaside celebration under the
shade of a tent, you don’t have to
limit yourself just because you’ve
done it all before. Why not plan that
reception you really wanted way
back when but were led astray by a
pushy mother-in-law?”
Casual mother-in-law-related
stereotyping aside, the point stands
that the rules are: there are no
rules. Divorce does not carry the
stigma it once did, and the
bashfulness surrounding
remarriage is all but gone.
“Previously, divorce was hugely
frowned upon and was something
people were more embarrassed
about,” says Shephard. “There’s no
shame to it now, so people aren’t
hiding away the love of their life just
because [they’ve found it] the second
time around.”
The fact that divorcée Markle will
be married to Prince Harry by the
Archbishop of Canterbury in the
presence of the Queen is likely to
help shift social perceptions of
remarriage still further, he predicts:
“That’s a great marker in history –
saying it’s fine to get remarried.
Marriage should still be taken very
seriously, but if you’re getting
remarried, great, celebrate like mad.
It’s almost a shame for someone
getting remarried to feel that they
can’t celebrate it as much as they want
because of society’s expectations.”
It’s worth remembering that the
Queen did not attend the second
wedding of her own son, the Prince of
Wales, when he married the Duchess
of Cornwall at the Windsor Guildhall
in 2005 (she was present at the
subsequent service of thanksgiving at
Windsor Castle). In the intervening
years, we have come a long way. From
Tom Cruise’s star-studded fairytale
wedding to third wife Katie Holmes in
2006 to the extravagant nuptials of
Kim Kardashian and her third
husband, Kanye West, in 2014,
celebrities have, in the interim, done
Gwyneth Paltrow
& Chris Martin
� Were married in secret
in 2003, at the San Ysidro
Ranch in California
� No guests in attendance
� No flowers or party – and
no photographs
� Honeymooned at the
Esperanza Auberge resort
in Mexico (£1,700 a night)
Gwyneth Paltrow
& Brad Falchuk
� Paltrow held a luxury
hen party in Mexico ahead
of last weekend’s event,
which was billed as an
‘engagement party’
� Around 400 guests,
including Julia Roberts
and Cameron Diaz, flooded
the Los Angeles Theater
� Paltrow wore a
Giambattista Valli dress,
which cost around £4,000
� Her mother carried a
dress bag from Monique
Lhullier, whose signature
gowns can cost up to
their bit to normalise the blow-out,
shame-free second or third wedding.
But beyond the celebrity effect,
there is another factor in the rise of the
go-all-out second wedding – namely,
social media. “With the advent of the
likes of Pinterest and Instagram in the
past decade, wedding inspiration has
never been greater,” says Shephard.
“Many couples are now much more
inspired for their remarriage than
their first marriage, due to the
evolution of technology during the
intervening period, and hence want to
make the most of it.”
Melanie Helen, director of
Cranberry Blue, a luxury wedding
planning consultancy, also notes that
second-time brides and grooms tend
to have more money than they did first
time around, so can often afford a
bigger celebration. “Generally, people
have more disposable income, they’re
not embarrassed to be remarrying and
they just think: ‘Why don’t we go for
it?’ ” she says.
In her novel Wolf Hall, Hilary
Mantel depicts Henry VIII’s second
wedding thus: “…Anne and Henry take
their vows, confirm the contract they
made in Calais: almost in secret, with
no celebration, just a huddle of
witnesses, the married pair both
speechless except for the small
admissions of intent forced out of
them by the ceremony.”
Close to five centuries after the
event described, conducting secondtime matrimony in so furtive a fashion
may soon be consigned to history.
when you
are talking
in a cinema
is met with
the same
response as
if you had
“Want a
fight, Lardy
Fatso?” ’
ou may have
heard about
the film A
Quiet Place.
talking about
it because it’s hellishly
scary and because the
premise is clever and
unimaginably awful: in
order to survive, a family
must keep absolutely
quiet. If they make a single
noise – so much as the tap
of a Monopoly piece on a
board – they are toast:
breakfast for the soundsensitive monsters that
have taken over the world.
Anyway, it turns out
that a 21st-century
audience can’t even keep
quiet for the duration of a
film about keeping quiet; a
film that will not work if
all you can hear is the
bloke next to you slurping
Pepsi, or the couple
behind rustling their
popcorn while talking (I
would say whispering, but
that would suggest they
lowered their voices).
At the screening I went
to, phones went off (of
course they did); someone
was amused by something,
and saw no reason not to
share it with the friend
three seats along; and a
couple in our row moved
just as the film started,
clambering over us, it soon
transpired, to get away
from a man preparing to
tuck into a nachos and
dips tray snack (roughly as
noisy and distracting as
taking out a chopping
board and spatchcocking a
chicken on his lap).
After that, several
people arrived, well after
the credits, and, instead of
sneaking in quietly –
mortified at turning up
late to a film that relies on
building suspense in the
pin-dropping silence –
creaked around, blinding
people with their phone
torches and generally
behaving as if the lights
had been prematurely
turned out, before they’d
had time to take their
seats. It’s a miracle one of
them didn’t just shout out:
“Where the hell is H12, can
someone tell me? It’s dark
in here!” They might as
well have done.
Then the shushing
started. That would be me.
And then the counter
shushing, because in the
modern world being
shushed when you are
talking in a cinema is met
with the same response as
if you had hissed: “Want a
fight, Lardy Fatso?” Later
on – when things were
getting really tense and
Emily Blunt was expected
to give birth in silence –
someone went to the loo,
unless it was to get a pick
and mix refill to rattle in
the bag. Like you do.
Everyone knows it’s a
sign of getting old when
other people’s noise starts
to irritate, or at least it was.
We may have to revise that
maxim, now that no one
can be quiet in quiet
places, or even moderate
their noise levels in places
where it would be
considerate to do so.
Keeping it down for the
sake of others is an
antiquated concept. In all
the situations where
lowering your voice was
once the norm –
restaurants and cafés with
tightly spaced tables, on
trains and planes and
buses – the rule now is that
you speak as loud as you
would while on a walk in a
gale, certainly loud enough
for strangers to hear. “Is
Everyone Getting This At
the Back?” is the new
standard speaking volume
and it doesn’t matter what
you’re saying.
You could be talking in
some detail about your
controlling boyfriend
(overheard yesterday in
the local café). You could
be discussing why the two
of you aren’t going to sleep
together (overheard in a
tapas bar). You might be
going through business
strategy with an employee
(café) and slagging off
everyone who works there
using language that would
make David Beckham
blush, or sharing details of
a nasty divorce.
The irony is that as other
people’s conversation has
got noisier, it’s also got a
lot harder to listen to. No
one on a neighbouring
table ever talks about what
to do with their narcissi
bulbs, that’s for sure. And
everyone, everyone has
forgotten how to be even
just quiet enough.
The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 17 April 2018
Who actually enjoys
handling raw meat?
I’ve never heard of
anybody relishing
chopping flesh; I don’t
think it’s just under-35s
who find it revolting.
I avoid touching
meat at all costs (I’m a
wear-gloves-while-Ido-it kinda gal) but I
don’t see why my
squeamishness means I
shouldn’t enjoy eating
it, despite what my
growing number of
meat-free friends
might tell me.
It’s not that I’m
unaware of where
meat comes
from: I’m from a
rural farming
background in
Ireland, so I
would see
roaming the
Millennials, if you
can’t stand the meat…
As Sainsbury’s unveils touch-free pouches
for the squeamish, William Sitwell says it’s
time ‘snowflake’ foodies got their hands dirty
he millennials have
struck again. Not
content with hectoring
us to go vegan, such is
the squeamishness of
the entitled, still-livingwith-their-parents generation that
those who do deign to eat meat are
apparently refusing to actually
handle it. And thus comes the news
that supermarket Sainsbury’s is to
unveil a new kind of packaging. The
novel pouches – known as doypacks
– will enable consumers to add
pieces of meat, fish or poultry into a
frying pan without the need to touch
them. So a millennial can simply hold
the offending package at arms’
length, doubtless grimacing at the
mere sight of the flesh, and then – as
they say in the trade – “rip and tip”.
Katherine Hall, product
development manager for meat, fish
and poultry at Sainsbury’s, was
unequivocal in her reasoning for this
apparent innovation. “Customers,
particularly younger ones, are quite
scared of touching raw meat,” she
said. According to her research,
millennials have been eating out in
restaurants and so are not preparing as
much food at home. “If they are not
used to it, they may think, ‘Ugh! I’d
prefer someone else to do it for me’,”
she added.
For a lover of food – and that doesn’t
just mean eating, but taking an interest
in the whole story of an ingredient, be
it lamb or carrot – this is of course
depressing. I suppose I’m glad there
were no millennials lurking around
my house a few months back when I
dragged a dying deer across the fields
and down to the back yard. The young
beast had leapt out of a hedge while I
was on a walk with my dog Cyrus, a
highly trained and not at all scary fox
red labrador. The animal had run across
a field and then, out of view, had
injured itself in an attempt to jump a
fence into the wood. I found it lying on
the ground, alive but badly wounded.
So I took some string from my
pocket, tied its two legs together and
dragged it home. Back in the yard I
dispatched it (cutting its neck),
drained the blood into a bucket and
then butchered it into haunches, legs
and fillet of venison. Using the freezer
to store it, I cooked up the
bits at various points in the
ensuing weeks.
Similarly, at this time of
year, you can see whole
carcasses of milk-fed lamb being
delivered to the door of Marianne Lumb,
chef patron of the exquisite 14-seater
restaurant Marianne in Notting Hill.
“We will then butcher it down,” she
says. “I’m a butcher’s daughter and I
actually think that, if you’re going to
eat meat you should probably kill it
once in a while.” Lumb admits some
frustration when a customer recently
asked for “meat, but without the
bones”. “If that’s your attitude then
why eat meat in the first place?”
Placing plastic between the
customer and a piece of meat is
nothing new of course, but it
perpetuates our distance – both
physically and mentally from the
product. The cook, writer and TV
presenter Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall
caused a few raised eyebrows back in
2004 when he published The River
Cottage Meat Book, which was
considerably more than a recipe book
based on his Channel 4 River Cottage
He illustrated an early chapter in the
book with a sequence of rather
gruesome photographs of a pair of his
North Devon beef cattle being taken to
slaughter, defending them by writing
that “it seems fair to both sides of the
debate”. He wanted to remind
carnivores that “there is no meat
without the death of a warm-blooded
sentient animal… and at the same time
to ask vegetarians to consider at just
what point of the slaughter process
that cruelty and suffering are taking
place… How exactly would they prefer
these animals to die, given that
immortality is not an option?”
One of Fearnley-Whittingstall’s
protégés is James Whetlor, a lover of
meat – particularly if it’s goat (the
subject of his latest book). He has
young children – too young to be
squeamish millennials – who, he says,
rather relish the spectacle when he
brings home half a hogget or half a pig
to butcher. “They love the gruesome
Mark Price, former
MD of Waitrose,
shares his
workplace fables
– true stories from
the business front
line that can teach
us lessons about
career success
he board of
All Things
owned four
Home Things,
Food Things, Fabric
Things and Furniture
Things. All Things prided
itself on how well it looked
after its staff: a good share
scheme, a generous
pension, and many other
benefits, equally spread
among all the staff.
But things started to get
more challenging and
Furniture Things began to
struggle. It spent more on
promotions, which cut
margins, and, despite
inventive ways to reduce
costs, it didn’t make a
profit after the generous
staff benefits had been
applied. The board grew
more and more concerned.
“Everyone else in the
organisation is bailing it
out, and seeing share
awards go down as a
result. We need to close or
sell,” concluded the
chairman of the board.
So Furniture Things was
sold and the new owner,
without large overheads
and offering less generous
benefits, was able to make
it profitable once more.
It wasn’t long before
Fabric Things started to
struggle, too. Having seen
what had happened to
Furniture Things, the
management and staff
worked hard to sell more
and so cut costs.
But it proved hard,
particularly as the
head office costs –
previously split between
four businesses – were
‘Everyone else
is bailing it out.
We need to
close or sell’
now shared by the
remaining three.
Eventually, Fabric
Things was unable to make
enough profit to cover its
share of the generous
benefits, and had to be
subsidised by the rest of
the organisation.
The chairman said:
“Sadly, we can’t see a viable
future for Fabric Things as
part of the group.”
A buyer was found with
expertise in the industry.
New markets were
located, head office costs
were lower and the staff
agreed that, in order to
keep their jobs, they would
take less generous
benefits. As a result, Fabric
Things became profitable
once more.
The two remaining
businesses in the All
Things group took on an
even larger share of their
head office costs – and
when one did better than
the other, there was
increasing discontent
about the fairness of the
equal benefits.
Moral of the tale: Beware
of equal rewards when
there is an unequal
Mark Price is author of
Workplace Fables: 147 True Life
Stories (£10.99, Stour
Publishing). To order your
copy for £8.99 plus p&p, call
0844 871 1514 or visit books.
Share your Workplace Fables
and learn more about Mark’s
mission to improve
workplace happiness at
nature of it,” he says. “They love to
give it a poke and then ask questions
about it.”
And it’s those questions, according
to Whetlor, that are so important. “If
you don’t touch meat, if there is
packaging then you become further
and further removed from the reality
of the animal. And the further
removed you become, the more
detached you are and the less likely
you are to care,” he says. “If you care
then you are interested in the welfare
of the animal. These days they don’t
teach cooking in schools and a friend
of mine told me that one of his kids did
have a lesson recently, but it was how
to make a ham sandwich.”
It’s enough to make revered chef
Michel Roux Snr – founder of the three
Michelin-starred Waterside Inn in
Berkshire – mad with fury. “I’m really
cross about it,” he tells me. “It’s just
rubbish. If you don’t want to touch
meat then why bother cooking it?
These kids’ brains have been boiled.”
It was brains, of course, that chef
Sainsbury’s is
aiming its
doypacks, above
right, at millennials;
right Fergus
Henderson is a
proponent of the
nose-to-tail eating
fields one day, and in a
truck on the way to the
abattoir, the next. My
grandmother would
select which chicken
was for dinner,
strangle, pluck and
prepare it. But my
mum worked in food
production and
instilled a high set of
standards in me when
it comes to food
preparation that are
probably exacerbated
by my obsessive
compulsive disorder.
Bacteria such as
Campylobacter are
easily transmitted
from meat to
person without
hygiene. Simply
put, I don’t
want to get sick.
is clearly
aiming its
Fergus Henderson was boiling, or
broiling or braising, when he came to
the fore with his restaurant St John
and his nose-to-tail eating
philosophy in the Nineties.
Henderson didn’t just relish
touching his meat, he pretty
much embraced it. From a
romantic dinner for two of a
slow-roasted pig’s head (an
eye peering at your lover
amid the juices and
watercress leaves) to a kids’
supper of deep-fried pig’s tail, he
engendered an almost feverish love
of meat. He had and still has an
unsqueamish delight in devouring
every part of a beast: “If you kill an
animal, you should eat all of it,” he
once told Vanity Fair adding: “It’s
only polite.”
His version of politeness has
millennials recoiling and reaching for
their date and almond vegan breakfast
bar. To them, perhaps, this flesh and
blood is all too unclean. Yet it’s this
cleanliness that worries chef Henry
“rip and tip” meat
sachets at millennials,
but it has forgotten that
my generation is as
conscious of what our
food comes in, as what
it’s made of. We want to
drink our morning
coffee from a reusable
cup, we invest in fancy
BPA-free water bottles
and now even carry our
own cutlery. So I can’t
see many choosing
meat wrapped in yet
more single-use plastic.
There are much
better solutions to deal
with squeamishness.
First, go to your local
butcher, where you can
trace the specific farm
your meat has come
from, then ask for it to
be wrapped in paper
packaging. Finally,
when you get it home,
get out the trusty
(reusable) gloves.
Harris, lauded for his French
restaurant Racine and now at the
helm of a small chain of pubs
The Coach in London’s
“It’s important to touch meat
and even be exposed to some
bacteria,” he explains. But he also
fears a more cynical ploy. “The
more food is processed and
packaged, the more
ssupermarkets can charge.”
Perhaps it’s not all the
ffault of the poor millennials.
After all, they’ve been
brought up in an era of
mollycoddling. As the
aacclaimed food writer and
cookery teacher Rose Prince
argues: “The way that our
over-cautious health authorities go
on about meat you’d think you were
handling lethal weapons or
unexploded bombs.”
This obsession with the food
safety of warnings and sell-by dates
has made us forget how to trust our
own instincts, she feels.
It’s time to persuade the millennial
in your life to get down and dirty.
They don’t have to witness the
slaughter of beef cattle at the local
abattoir, just get them to hold, touch
and smell a nice juicy steak. If they
can appreciate its texture, they’re
bound to cook it better. But if that’s
beyond them, perhaps you could
point them to a YouTube video on
how to dissect an avocado.
William Sitwell is the host of Biting Talk
on Soho Radio
Tuesday 17 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 17 April 2018
How to teach
your children
about money
These are some
of the things
children should
be able to do at
certain ages,
according to the
charity Young
3-5 years
� Recognise
coins and notes
� Understand
money can be
spent on
different things
� Be aware that
money can be
saved (eg into a
piggy bank)
� Describe how
money makes
them feel
Britain has a financial literacy problem,
but should pupils be burdened with
budgetary pressures, asks Sam Meadows
see where it came from. When you’re a
child things just happen and you don’t
really think about the money.
“At school if I get out a £10 they all
say ‘wow’. They don’t have any
concept of how much that is.”
He said Evie and Freya have become
better at handling their finances in the
time they have been using nimbl. “The
first time my youngest got her
allowance, she spent it all within a few
days and was asking for more,” he said.
“Now they’re starting to think a bit
more when they get £10 for their
birthday – ‘what do I really want to
spend this on?’.”
The girls also have an Isa each and
Mr Baxter shows them the statements
every six months to encourage them to
think about how money grows.
He is aware that his children will
need to understand more about
complicated finances before long.
Many young people today will take out
the second biggest loan of their lives
(after a mortgage) as a teenager, when
they go to university.
Today’s students will graduate with
an average debt of more than £50,000
and have a student loan with a
fiendishly complicated rate of interest.
As Evie begins to think about
university, Mr Baxter has tried some
novel approaches to teach his
children about more complex
finances. When one of the girls asks
for the next month’s allowance in
advance, he agrees on the proviso that
they receive £5 less, in a bid to
simulate the costs of borrowing.
“It is difficult to find the balance,” he
said. “We would never let them go
without, but it might be that if they’re
going swimming with their friends we
only give them the £3.80 it will cost
rather than £10.”
As a teacher, Mr Baxter accepts that
schools could do more to help. While
5-7 years
� Choose the
correct value of
� Keep simple
(eg a spending
� Explain the
between need
and want
� Know where
money comes
7-9 years
� Know non-
cash ways of
� Understand
‘When you’re a child
things just happen
and you don’t really
think about money’
ne in four adults
struggles to calculate
change in a shop, a
third are unable to add
up the cost of items
unless clearly spelt
out, and half of grown-up Britons
can’t read a line chart.
This recent research from the
University of Cambridge has
highlighted a problem with financial
literacy, prompting academics,
politicians and teachers to warn that
better knowledge is needed to
prevent people falling into debt.
Some believe that the problem
starts in schools. Personal finance
has been part of the national
curriculum only since 2014, when it
was added by Michael Gove during
his stint as education secretary.
But how soon is too soon to learn
about compound interest? Though
some argue that financial literacy is
paramount, others are concerned
about a world in which our children
are placed under ever greater
pressure – exacerbated by tougher
exams and social media.
Should an already-burdened
10-year-old have to worry about
pensions, investments and life
insurance, for example?
Simon and Lucy Baxter have
started giving their daughters, Evie,
14, and Freya, 12, more control over
their spending.
The family uses an app called
nimbl, which gives the girls a prepaid
debit card connected to an account
that the parents control. The couple
put £25 into each account every
month and let their children decide
how they spend it.
Mr Baxter, a 48-year-old primary
schoolteacher, said: “I think, like lots
of parents, we were just spending
money on them and they didn’t really
secondary schools have been obliged
to teach personal finance for a few
years now, most treat it as an add-on to
regular citizenship lessons.
Martin Upton, director of the True
Potential Centre for the Public
Understanding of Finance, a
partnership with the Open University,
said it should be treated as a separate
A RedStart tower game teaches
children about compound
interest, main; Simon Baxter
encourages daughters Evie and
Freya, left, to use the nimbl app
subject from the age of 14. He
admitted schools might complain that
they’re already overloaded on the
curriculum, adding: “They might also
think, ‘We don’t have people
confident enough to teach it’.”
The centre recently launched a
programme, in conjunction with
Martin Lewis of MoneySavingExpert,
providing online courses to help young
adults understand money better. It
uses examples that teenagers can
relate to: insurance for mobile phones
rather than a home or car. Lesson
material is also provided for teachers.
Mr Upton said the question of how
soon to explain specific money topics
to children was a difficult one. “I don’t
think you should shy away from
talking about these things if you can
contextualise them,” he said.
Another charity that takes a slightly
different approach to financial
education is RedStart, which has
provided financial education
the benefits of a
bank account
and the risk of
� Describe the
need for a job
and why some
pay more than
� Explain the
benefits of
9-11 years
� Do simple
� Plan and
manage a basic
� Keep money
and personal
information safe
from scams
� Explain the
pros and cons
of interest
� Understand
how taxes work
11-14 years
� Understand
� Interpret
� Describe how
� Explain the
between risk
and reward
� Recognise and
avoid fraud
workshops to more than 3,000
children and young people in the UK.
Tom Pilcher, from the
organisation, said children younger
than 13 needed a more general
approach based on explaining the
general concept of ideas such as
compound interest and risk and
reward. Older children should try to
understand specifics.
Pre-teens are given a certain
amount of “money” to “invest” in
different games around the room. A
tower-based activity aims to teach
about compound interest, while kids
learn about taking risks by throwing
darts at a board.
Mr Pilcher said: “At the younger
ages it can be as simple as getting a
message across that saving your
money will pay off in the future.
“They don’t need to know the ins
and outs of how a pension works, but
they do need to know why saving
might be a good thing to do.”
Tuesday 17 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
rt market focus
�olin leadell
prices for
YBA hits
hey were the most
famous artistic group of
the late 20th century,
their rise coinciding
with a boom period for
the art market. But in
recent times, the legacy of the YBAs
– the group of art provocateurs who
came of age in the late Eighties and
Nineties, led by the likes of Damien
Hirst – has looked shaky, in the
auction house at least.
The latest evidence of their
market decline came in the
contemporary art auctions held at
Phillips and Sotheby’s last week that
were aimed at new collectors, or
those with limited budgets.
The Sotheby’s auction included
works selected by celebrity chef
Mark Hix, a longtime collector of
work from the BritArt boom of the
Nineties, and the lots did not go
well: a photograph by Michael
Landy and a painting by Gary Hume,
for instance, were both unsold,
while a painting by the godfather of
the YBAs, Michael Craig-Martin, sold
below estimate. While, on their own,
these examples may not be sufficient
grounds to make any solid judgment
on the health of the YBA market
more generally, it does seem that the
appetite for their work is suffering
an extended lull.
Ground zero for the YBA market
Mesler to put
people in the
The dealer Joel
Mesler is known in
New York for
discovering new artists,
but then losing them to
bigger galleries when
was the Freeze exhibition in 1988,
organised by Damien Hirst and
fellow art students at Goldsmith’s
College. Shortly afterwards, the
term “YBA” (young British artist)
was coined by an art critic.
The movement was largely
supported and promoted by Charles
Saatchi, who ensured it maximum
publicity with the Sensation
exhibition at The Royal Academy in
1996, and its market peaked in
December 2004, when Saatchi sold
Hirst’s shark in formaldehyde –
The Physical Impossibility of Death
in the Mind of Someone Living – to
US collector Steve Cohen, for
$8 million.
The decline began with the
banking crisis of 2008. Although
Hirst’s one-man sale at Sotheby’s the
same year was an apparent success,
generating £111,576,800, it did not
take long to work out that the prices
achieved there would never be
recovered. Since then, there has also
been a shift in the aesthetic
direction of the contemporary art
market, with the confrontational,
sometimes bawdy attitudes of the
YBAs consigned to a moment in
history. The question now is not so
much whether the YBAs’ popularity
can continue, but whether it can be
YBAs aside, though, the standout
characteristic of last week’s sales
was just how much work could be
obtained at a knock-down price.
Apart from a handful of works
priced between £100,000 and
£400,000, which helped to make
the events more economic for the
salerooms, prices were mostly under
£20,000. Forty-two of the lots
(around 10 per cent and enough to
ornament a decent size house) sold
below estimates for under £1,000
They included works by the
American video artist Paul Pfeiffer, a
work on paper by sculptor Martin
Westwood, made shortly after his
solo exhibition at Tate Britain in
2005, a drawing by former Turner
Prize nominee Lucy McKenzie, a 6ft
they become successful.
Fortunately, he also
makes a living as an
artist in his own right,
and this week has his
debut exhibition in
London at the Simon
Lee Gallery, in Mayfair,
where he will show
autobiographical works
based on the letters of
the alphabet.
Suggestive of the
snake, Kaa, in Walt
Disney’s 1968 film The
bids are hard to come by, they will
lower the starting price until
bidding begins. Bargain-hunters had
lain in wait. One got lucky and
picked up Webb’s sculpture,
estimated at £3,000, for just £200,
and Vautier’s painted belt, estimated
at £300, for £30.
Another surprising knock down
was a large painting formerly owned
by Saatchi, of two ships on a dark sea
by Whitney Bedford, a young
American artist represented in the
prestigious private collections of
François Pinault in France, Eugenio
López in Mexico, and the de la Cruz
family in Miami, which sold for
£500 against an estimate of £3,000.
But there were also strong prices,
seemingly spurred by international
online bidding. At Phillips, internet
bidders from 35 different countries
bought nearly half of the lots,
The sales were
peppered with
warnings for new
Snake charmer: one of
Mesler’s paintings on sale
steel sculpture by Gary Webb (of
whom former Telegraph critic
Richard Dorment once said “the
most original young artist I have
come across”) and an inscribed belt
by celebrated French “lettrist” Ben
Vautier. One reason the prices were
Jungle Book, the
paintings contain a
serpent among the
greenery and are priced
at £8,430 each. On
Friday and Saturday,
Mesler will also be in
the gallery painting
anyone who wants to sit
for him, for just £200
per portrait. They are
cheaper, he says,
because they don’t take
so long. Expect queues
down Berkeley Street.
so low was that there were no
reserves on a number of lots,
meaning there was no agreement
between the saleroom and the seller
on a minimum price. Though
auctioneers publish an estimate of
what they think the work is worth, if
Yarrow fans
are hungry
for the Wolf
Apart from dating
Elizabeth Hurley
and Anthea Turner in
quick succession,
Scotsman David Yarrow
is best known as a
Tall order: Gary
Webb’s 2002
sculpture, Coming
Home, which
proved to be a
wildlife photographer
who has caught the eye
of the Duke of
Cambridge, among
others. Although his
prints have proved
popular, they never
commanded high prices
at public auction, until
last year, when
Sotheby’s sold an 8ft
wide print of teeming
cattle in Sudan, titled
Mankind, for £60,000,
three times the estimate.
accounting for one third of its
£2.8 million total. In some cases you
could match the artist with demand
from a particular location: two
drawings by the hot young artist
George Condo, whose work was
recently exhibited alongside Picasso
in Hong Kong, were bought at
quadruple estimate prices by
internet bidders in – unsurprisingly
– Hong Kong.
But the sales were also peppered
with warnings for new collectors
that their investments could go
down as well as up. A spray gun
splattered painting by Lucien Smith,
who was once the flippers’ favourite,
sold for £6,900, a huge fall from the
£30,000 it garnered in 2014.
Meanwhile, a set of floral prints
by the American photographer,
Robert Beck, which sold for £2,000
three years ago, was snapped up for
just £125.
It was good news for
his galleries worldwide,
and added to
anticipation for The
Wolf of Main Street,
which came up for
auction at Sotheby’s in
New York last week.
Picturing a hungrylooking wolf walking
along the bar of an inn,
the image had a $15,000
(£10,500) estimate.
His Chicago gallery,
Contemporary, which
is currently exhibiting
another print of this
image, was
particularly excited,
posting a warning on
its website before the
sale that the print
would fly, and sure
enough it did, selling
for a new record at
$100,000 (£70,000).
The buyer? None
other than HiltonAsmus Contemporary.
The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 17 April 2018
It’s camp, ridiculous – and now a
West End musical. David
Quantick explains his love for
Meat Loaf’s Bat Out of Hell
n stage, dripping with
sweat, a young man is
singing his heart out –
and his eyes too, judging
by the way they bulge
with every high note.
The song is the title track of an album
called Bat Out of Hell.
“I swear I saw a young boy, down in
the gutter,” the singer declares. “He
was starting to foam in the heat…”
Borne along by screaming guitars and
enthusiastic backing singers, the
performer hits the chorus and the
entire audience erupts. “LIKE A
It’s an explosion of pure excitement
and unrestrained glee. But this is not a
scene from 1977, and the singer is not
Meat Loaf. Bat Out of Hell, one of the
biggest-selling rock albums of all time,
has been turned into a musical and,
after a successful run last summer at
London’s Coliseum, the production is
now taking up residence at the
Dominion Theatre.
Theatregoers looking for sex, bike
leathers and bombastic rock music
will not be disappointed. The
pyrotechnic-heavy show, which won
Heaven can wait:
Meat Loaf, far right,
and with songwriter
and producer Jim
Steinman, below.
Right, the new
Finally, a small label called Cleveland
International Records signed them and
the record came out in 1977. But even
then it did not enjoy immediate
success. Resembling neither the arid
pop of US radio nor the short, spiky
new wave songs coming from England,
it was called “freaky and weird” and
only two FM radio stations in America
agreed to play it.
In the end, it was the videos from
the album that got people’s attention.
Viewers stared open-mouthed at Meat
Loaf, a 24-stone singer from Texas
with boggle-eyes and a perspirationdrenched prom shirt, singing power
ballads with total sincerity and a voice
like an angel. The videos kick-started
sales, and the album became a
worldwide hit, going on to sell
40 million discs. Even today, it still
Primal forms of a latter-day shaman
Joseph Beuys:
Utopia at the
Stag Monuments
By Mark Hudson
oseph Beuys’s reputation isn’t
quite in the doldrums, but it’s
certainly becalmed. The German
conceptual artist with the trademark
porkpie hat is one of the key cultural
figures of the late 20th century, but 32
years since his death in 1986, his
fat-and-felt sculptures have become
such ubiquitous icons of modern art,
you’d imagine it’s very unlikely there
would be anything new to discover.
This exhibition, however, Beuys’s
largest in Britain since Tate’s 2005
retrospective, promises a Beuys newly
relevant to our difficult times. It
reunites the main elements of one of
his most important installations, Stag
Monuments, for the first time in the UK
since its creation in 1982. According to
the show’s curator, Norman Rosenthal,
the former Royal Academy artistic
director, who originally commissioned
the work for Berlin’s Martin Gropius
Bau, this presents a vision of “societal
rebirth” that still speaks to a world that
is “now more than ever searching for
new solutions for basic social and
economic problems”.
That’s quite a claim, but then Beuys
HER MAJESTY'S 020 7087 7762
Mon-Sat 7.30, Thu & Sat 2.30
QUEEN'S 0844 482 5160
Eves 7.30, Mats Wed & Sat 2.30
ST MARTIN'S 020 7836 1443
66th year of Agatha Christie's
Mon-Sat 7:30pm, Mats Tues & Thurs 3 & Sat 4
“Captivating” TIME OUT
Sheila Hancock
Bill Milner
By Colin Higgins
Directed by Thom Southerland
Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac, London
Symbol of virility: Stag Monuments is being shown in Britain for the first time
rarely thought on a small scale. The
first rooms, however, offer few
surprises, more a scene-setting
collection of greatest hits. Beuys is
seen striding towards us in the role of
heroic teacher and activist (he
co-founded Germany’s Green Party) in
the photographic self-portrait We Are
The Revolution. Then a suit in thick felt
hanging from the wall, and two
cardboard boxes full of fat (actually
rancid orange margarine) – materials
with which he was obsessed, having
been wrapped in felt and fat, he
claimed, by Tartar nomads, who saved
his life when he was shot down over
Russia as a Luftwaffe pilot in 1944.
Far less well-known are small early
works from the late Forties, drawing
on seminal Germanic art forms, from
Gothic sculpture (in expressionistic
crucifixes) to the prehistoric art of the
Eurasian steppes (in images of stags
etched on bronze). If you can sense the
influence of such potent, primal
imagery on his later work, it’s satisfying
to have the connection spelt out, even
if these early pieces at times look like
rather clunky museum replicas.
The stag, as symbol of virility and
“signifier of Christ”, dominates the
central installation, though not in a
form you’ll immediately recognise.
Unsure what to put in the 1982
exhibition, Beuys moved the entire
contents of his Düsseldorf studio into
the gallery and turned them into an
eccentric, but resonant, collection of
sculptures. Random bits of wood with
his mother’s ironing board balanced
on the top become the stag, a
years of disputes over royalties and
trademarks, and Steinman and the
singer stopped talking. They did,
however, patch things up in the early
Nineties for long enough to record Bat
Out of Hell II and its 12-minute lead
single I’d do Anything For Love, a track
which went to number one all around
the world. Sixteen years after the first
album, it was an unlikely comeback.
Meat Loaf also took a third bite of the
cherry in 2006 with Bat Out Of Hell
III, which did markedly less well.
Steinman and Meat Loaf have since
fallen out, made up, fallen out and
made up again. They have not worked
together since (although Meat Loaf ’s
most recent album, Braver Than We
Are, contains several Steinman songs).
Neither are in good health. Meat Loaf
alarmed fans with his slurred speech
when he appeared on The Chris Evans
Breakfast Show on Radio 2 in 2016.
Steinman has suffered a stroke and
rarely leaves his Connecticut home.
But Steinman never gave up on his
rock ’n’ roll dream, working on the
show with Sonenberg, reclaiming
songs he’d allowed others to use on
their albums, and honing the script
until it became the romantic rock
opera of 2018. Not everyone loves it,
but even its critics agree it’s a hit.
“Familiarity breeds content,” says
Mark Shenton, theatre critic for The
Stage. “People want songs they already
know and love – and here they get
them packaged in a very spectacular
production that delivers bang for
their bucks.”
As a longtime fan of the songs, I was
moved to tears when I saw them
performed on stage last year (and, like
many who saw that production, I am
planning to see it again this year).
There is nothing remotely similar to
compare it with: unlike other jukebox
musicals it’s not a grab bag of hit
songs, but a coherent story with a
thoughtful, witty script. It is over-thetop, but, in the context of the show,
the songs are perfect: absurd,
emotion-wracked monsters of love.
Steinman, who was forced to make
all of his contributions to the show
from home via email and webcam
because of his poor health, remains
effusive about his magnum opus.
“Characters in a musical should burst
into song when words are insufficient
to carry the emotion,” he says. “My
ar not filled with plot… They’re
songs are
explodin with feeling.”
He saw last year’s show in London
video but was most moved by an
via video,
early workshop
in 2016 in New York,
h was able to attend in person.
which he
“Watchi it was unbelievable,” he
says. “No sets or costumes. No
orchestra, no special effects. But it
was priceless. It had a heartbeat.
And how do you put a price tag
on a heartbeat?”
Best Musical at the Evening Standard
Theatre Awards last year, is set in a
dystopian future and tells the tale of
Raven, an 18-year-old with rich,
controlling parents, who risks
everything to be with Strat, the leader
of a gang of outcasts. Over nearly three
hours, the cast performs the
memorable tracks from the original
album – You Took the Words Right Out
of My Mouth, Paradise by the
Dashboard Light, Two Out of Three
Ain’t Bad – plus some of the best songs
from two sequels that came out in 1993
and 2006, including the power ballad
I’d Do Anything for Love (But I Won’t Do
That). It is, as one critic put it, “a crazy
wild child of a rock ’n’ roll musical”.
There is one crucial difference
between Bat Out of Hell and other
so-called “jukebox musicals” – Bat Out
of Hell actually started life as a musical,
and then became an album. In
particular, the LP, which was written
by Jim Steinman, grew out of the ruins
of two other shows: a musical he
staged while at college, called The
Dream Engine; and a futuristic musical
about Peter Pan, called Neverland, on
which Steinman and Meat Loaf began
collaborating in the mid-Seventies.
After lawyers for J M Barrie’s estate
refused to grant rights to the latter,
Steinman’s lawyer David Sonenberg
suggested the duo write an album
expanding on the songs Steinman had
already written. The result was seven
operatic rock anthems that welded
together Steinman’s chief
preoccupations: girls, motorbikes,
Wagner and rock music.
Answering questions via email (he is
in poor health and hardly ever talks to
journalists), Steinman says he doesn’t
distinguish between opera and rock
music. “To me, they are one and the
same. I like to think of myself as Little
Richard Wagner.”
It took a while for others in the
record industry to appreciate
Steinman’s vision. In fact, his and Meat
Loaf ’s attempts to get a record deal are
the stuff of legend. Not for them the
ordinary method of sending someone
a tape. Instead, they would visit the
offices of producers, Steinman would
sit at the piano, Meat Loaf would stand
next to it, and they would perform the
album – all of it. This approach was
singularly unsuccessful.
sculptor’s stand a man, with a plant pot
for a head. A table with telephone
wires spooling out towards some
testicle-like spheres embodies Beuys’s
preoccupation with the transmission
of energy. There is also a collection of
turd-like forms created from Beuys’s
work tools encased in brown clay.
Given Beuys’s insistence on the
artist’s responsibility to respond
politically to his or her time, you’ll be
justifiably befuddled as to how these
elements relate to the ThatcherReagan “Big Money” era when the
work was created, let alone to the
explosive realities of our own time.
The work isn’t, of course, intended
to be taken literally, even if you could
work out its literal meaning. Beuys
saw himself as a kind of latter-day
shaman operating in a capitalist art
world, creating primordial images for a
public beset by mass consumerism
and a then very present nuclear threat,
who might not understand the entire
message, but get the general drift.
Standing in the presence of Beuys’s
suggestively elemental forms you can’t
help but get something of that drift in
the form of a shiver under the skin.
The political, cultural and spiritual
resonances are secondary to that
physical sensation. This exhibition
may not tell us anything new about
Beuys, but it’s a reminder that today’s
art world is painfully lacking in artists
of his level of scale and ambition.
Until June 16. Tickets: 020 3813 8400;
shifts 200,000 units a year. But, it
would take another 40 years for Bat
Out of Hell – The Musical to materialise.
an and Meat Loaf
In between, Steinman
ng one of
have been conducting
rock’s most tempestuous
itted in his
As Meat Loaf admitted
ess turned
autobiography, success
him into “a maniac”. He took
a lot of drugs and lostt his
voice. When the time
came to make a sequel,
Steinman decided he
couldn’t wait for Meat
Loaf to recover and
recorded the songs
himself, releasing
them on an album
called Bad For Good.
There followed
Bat Out of Hell – The Musical is at the
Dominion Theatre, London W1
Tuesday 17 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Court & Social
April 14th
Ms Maria Pedro (Deputy
Lieutenant of Greater London)
was present at Heathrow Airport,
London, this morning upon the
Arrival of The President of the
Republic of Nauru and
welcomed His Excellency on
behalf of The Queen.
Mr Bruce Houlder (Deputy
Lieutenant of Greater London)
was present at Heathrow Airport,
London, this afternoon upon the
Arrival of The President of the
Republic of Seychelles and
welcomed His Excellency on
behalf of Her Majesty.
April 15th
Mr Vincent Thompson (Deputy
Lieutenant of Essex) was present
at Stansted Airport, London, this
morning upon the Arrival of The
President of the Republic of
Ghana and welcomed His
Excellency on behalf of The
Mr Bruce Houlder (Deputy
Lieutenant of Greater London)
was present at Heathrow Airport,
London, this evening upon the
Arrival of The President of the
Democratic Socialist Republic of
Sri Lanka and welcomed His
Excellency on behalf of Her
April 16th
Mr Bruce Houlder (Deputy
Lieutenant of Greater London)
was present at Heathrow Airport,
London, this morning upon the
Arrival of The President of the
Republic of Malawi and
welcomed His Excellency on
behalf of The Queen.
Ms Ruth Bell (Deputy
Lieutenant of Bedfordshire) was
present at Luton Airport,
London, this afternoon upon the
Arrival of The President of the
Republic of Rwanda and
welcomed His Excellency on
behalf of The Queen.
Major Jeremy Fern (Deputy
Lieutenant of Greater London)
was present at Royal Air Force
Northolt this afternoon upon the
Arrival of The President of the
Republic of Kenya and welcomed
His Excellency on behalf of Her
Wing Commander Michael
Dudgeon (Vice Lord-Lieutenant
of Greater London) was present
at Heathrow Airport, London,
this afternoon upon the Arrival
of The President of the Republic
of Kiribati and welcomed His
Excellency on behalf of The
Mrs Jennifer Tolhurst (Her
Majesty’s Lord-Lieutenant of
Essex) was present at Stansted
Airport, London, this evening
upon the arrival of The President
of the Republic of Sierra Leone
and welcomed His Excellency on
behalf of Her Majesty.
April 16th
The Duke of Cambridge this
evening attended the Welcome
to the United Kingdom
Reception at The Queen
Elizabeth II Conference Centre,
Broad Sanctuary, London SW1,
for delegates from the
Commonwealth Business,
People’s, Women’s and Youth
April 16th
Prince Henry of Wales this
morning attended a
Commonwealth Youth Cabinet
Meeting at The Queen Elizabeth
II Conference Centre, Broad
Sanctuary, London SW1.
His Royal Highness
afterwards attended the
Commonwealth Youth Forum
Opening Session at The Queen
Elizabeth II Conference Centre.
Prince Henry of Wales this
afternoon received the Hon
Josaia Voreqe Bainimarama
(Prime Minister of the Republic
of Fiji) at Buckingham Palace.
April 16th
The Duke of York, Founder,
Pitch@Palace, this morning held
a Roundtable Discussion for
executives of Facebook.
His Royal Highness, Fellow,
the Royal Society, this afternoon
attended the Commonwealth
Science Advisors Meeting, 6-9
Carlton House Terrace, London
The Duke of York, Founder,
Pitch@ Palace, later held Pitch@
Palace Commonwealth for
entrepreneurs and potential
supporters at St James’s Palace.
April 16th
The Earl of Wessex, Chairman of
the Board of Trustees, The Duke
of Edinburgh’s International
Award Foundation, today carried
out the following engagements
in Australia.
His Royal Highness this
morning visited Brisbane
Grammar School, 24 Gregory
Terrace, Spring Hill, Queensland,
in celebration of the School’s One
Hundred and Fiftieth
The Earl of Wessex afterwards
attended a Reception at
Queensland Government Offices,
1 William Street, Brisbane, for
young people who have achieved
the Gold Standard in The Duke of
Edinburgh’s Award and was
received by the Hon Paul de
Jersey (Governor of Queensland).
His Royal Highness this
afternoon attended a Reception
at Queensland Government
The Earl of Wessex this
evening called upon the Hon
Hieu Van Le (Governor of South
Australia) at Government House,
North Terrace, Adelaide.
His Royal Highness later
attended a Dinner at the Magill
The Countess of Wessex,
Patron, the Scar Free
Foundation, this afternoon held a
Meeting at Buckingham Palace.
Her Royal Highness, Vice
Patron, The Queen Elizabeth
Diamond Jubilee Trust, this
evening attended a Reception at
Tower Bridge, London SE1.
April 16th
The Princess Royal, Appeal
Patron, this morning opened the
Woolf Institute, Madingley Road,
Cambridge, and was received by
Mr Richard Barnwell (Vice
Lord-Lieutenant of
Her Royal Highness this
afternoon visited the Farmland
Museum, Denny Abbey, Ely
Road, Waterbeach, upon the
occasion of their Twenty First
Anniversary and was received by
the Lady De Ramsey (Deputy
Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire).
For more details about the Royal
Family, visit the Royal website at
Today’s birthdays
Mr Geoffrey Higham,
Chairman, Rugby Group plc,
1986-96, is 91; Mr Chris Barber,
jazz musician, 88; Mr J.E.
Barrett, tennis commentator
and journalist; former Davis
Cup captain, 87; Prof Sir Peter
Morris, President, Royal
College of Surgeons of England,
2001-04, 84; Capt Sir Eric
Dancer, Lord-Lieutenant for
Devon, 1998-2015, 78; Miss
Clare Francis, writer and
former yachtswoman, 72; Lord
Emslie, a former Senator of the
College of Justice in Scotland,
71; Sir Richard Field, a former
High Court Judge, 71; the Rt
Rev Michael Hill, Bishop of
Bristol, 2003-17, 69; Gen Sir
John McColl, Lieutenant
Governor of Jersey, 2011-17;
Deputy Supreme Allied
Commander Europe, 2007-11;
66; Dr Hubert Minnis, Prime
Minister of the Bahamas, 64; Mr
Riccardo Patrese, former
racing driver, 64; Prof Michael
Stroud, explorer, 63; Lord
Tyre, a Senator of the College of
Justice in Scotland, 62; Lady
Justice Macur, Senior Presiding
Judge, England and Wales, 61;
Mr Nick Hornby, writer, 61;
Miss Bella Freud, fashion
designer, 57; Mr Paul Nicholls,
racehorse trainer, 56; Prof
Jonathan Shalit, talent
manager, 56; and Mr Muttiah
Muralitharan, former Sri Lanka
cricketer; currently the highest
wicket-taker in Test cricket and
one day internationals, 46.
Today is the anniversary of the
examination of Martin Luther
by the Diet of Worms in 1521 and
of the death of Benjamin
Franklin in 1790.
Online ref: 552036
Rotary Club of London
Mr Andrew Shannan was the
speaker at a luncheon held by the
Rotary Club of London yesterday
at The Chesterfield Hotel, London.
Mr Stephen Potter, President, was
in the chair.
Monday Luncheon Club
Mr David Rundell was the guest
speaker at a luncheon held by the
Monday Luncheon Club yesterday
at the Travellers Club. Lady
Griffiths, Chairman, presided.
Mr B.R.E. Dawson and
Miss F.E. Nicholas
The engagement is announced
between Ben, younger son of Mr
and Mrs Patrick Dawson, of
Freeland, Oxfordshire, and
Florence, youngest daughter of Mr
John Nicholas and Mrs Sarah Jane
Nicholas, of Tandridge, Surrey.
The Athenæum
Mr David Anderson, QC, opened a
discussion entitled "Terror in
Perspective" at a dinner held last
night at The Athenæum. Lord Blair
of Boughton was in the chair.
Capt E.M.B. van der Lande and
Miss N.M. Haynes
The engagement is announced
between Captain Edward van der
Lande, The Life Guards, younger
son of Mr and Mrs Mark van der
Lande, of Great Waldingfield,
Suffolk, and Nellie, daughter of
Mr Peter Haynes, of Sproxton,
Leicestershire, and Mrs Barbara
Haynes, of Patching, West Sussex.
Online ref: 552034
Mr H. Atkinson and
Miss E. Moyle
The engagement is announced
between Humphrey, youngest son
of Mr and Mrs Richard Atkinson, of
Brinkworth, Wiltshire, and
Elizabeth, youngest daughter of
Mr and Mrs Robert Moyle, of Old
Dalby, Leicestershire.
Online ref: 552322
Mr N. Taylor and
Miss L. Vechamamontien
The engagement is announced
between Nicholas, elder son of
Mr and Mrs Simon Taylor, of
Longstock, Hampshire, and Lisa,
daughter of Mr and Mrs
Chaiyapong Vechamamontien, of
Bangkok, Thailand, and Parson's
Green, London.
Online ref: 552339
Cricket Quarter begins today at
Charterhouse. Jonathan Stocks
and Abigail Rutherford remain
Head Boy and Head Girl. George
Barlow is Captain of Cricket.
Charles Bruce is Captain of Boys’
Tennis and Michelle Wong is
Captain of Girls’ Tennis. The
Foundation Scholarship
examinations start on Monday,
April 23. Carthusian Day is on
Saturday, May 26, followed by
Exeat until Sunday, June 3. The
Arts Festival runs from Tuesday,
June 19, until Friday, June 22.
Quarter ends on Saturday, June 30.
Reunion des Gastronomes
Mr Wallace Vincent, President,
was in the chair at the monthly
meeting of the Reunion des
Gastronomes held yesterday at the
Savoy hotel.
Legal news
Judge Lancaster retired as a
Circuit Judge with effect from
April 14, 2018.
Bridge news
Scotland, on home ground, has
won the 2018 Lady Milne, writes
Julian Pottage, Bridge
Correspondent. The decisive
match was in Round 4, which
took place on Sunday morning/
lunchtime, when Scotland beat
England 16.24-3.76. Full results are
as follows: 1st Scotland (Abi
Wilson, Sheila Adamson, Liz
Mcgowan, Fiona Mcquaker, Sam
Punch, Paula Leslie and NPC Alan
Goodman), 72.13; 2nd England
(Heather Dhondy, Sally
Anoyrkatis, Alexandra Birchell,
Qian Li, Claire Robinson, Heather
Bakhshi and NPC David Burn),
68.70; 3rd Ireland (Joan Kenny,
Teresa Rigney, Anna Onishuk,
Lucy Phelan, Gilda Pender, Hilary
McDonagh and NPC Terry Walsh),
58.87; 4th Wales, 39.34; 5th
Scottish Bridge Union, 37.91; and
6th Northern Ireland, 23.05.
It seemed inevitable after our loss of Neuve Eglise that the enemy
should make a quick and strong effort to capture Bailleul, and this
he did last night by putting into the battle three divisions of fresh
assault troops, and encircling the city by fierce attacks on the
ground south-east and east, including the ridge of Ravelsberg and
the Mont de Lille. His troops included his Alpine Corps of jaegers
and probably a Bavarian division and the 117th Division.
Among our men defending the city were Staffords and Notts
and Derbies. Yesterday when I was in the country round Bailleul the enemy’s guns were waking up for this new attack,
and there was a continual bombardment spreading up to the
Wytschaete Ridge. Heavy shells were being flung into Bailleul itself, and the smoke of fires was rising like mist from
small towns and villages like Meteren and Morbecque down
to Merville. Our guns were also pounding the enemy’s positions, and when the report came through that concentrations of German infantry, guns, transport, and cavalry were
moving up the roads in and north of Merville an intense shellfire was ranged upon them, while our air squadrons went out
in the evening and at night and dropped large quantities of
high explosives upon this traffic of men and beasts, so that
they must have suffered many casualties.
In their attacks on the Ravelsberg spur, where all through the old
Flanders fighting we had camps and hutments, known by heart
among our English and New Zealand troops, and divisional headquarters during the active operations, the enemy must have lost
heavily again, for our men were stubborn in defence, and their
machine-gun fire must have been of a deadly nature, owing to
their positions along the railway and on the ridge.
BUTLER.—On 26th March 2018, at
Wythenshawe Hospital, Manchester,
to Jane and Phil, a daughter, Margot
Alice, a sister for Isobel Anna and
Florence Jane.
Online ref: A223515
MACDONALD.—On April 11th 2018, in
East London, South Africa, to Jess and
Grant, a daughter, Maia Vyvyan.
Online ref: A223510
PEARSON.—On April 12th 2018, to
Diana (née Schofield) and Richard, a son,
Harry Francis.
Online ref: 552448
RIVERS-MOORE.—On 6th April 2018,
to Rebecca (née Gardner) and Mark,
a beautiful daughter, Harriet Rose.
Online ref: A223511
TITMUS.—On 29th March 2018, at
11.19 p.m. at The Rosie Hospital
Cambridge, to Viktoria and Craig, a son,
Arthur Stelzhammer.
Online ref: A223513
ASHCROFT.—(Clarice) Dorothy died
peacefully on 6th April 2018, aged 95.
Wife of the late George Denman and
mother to Jane and Judith,
grandmother and great-grandmother.
Private family funeral.
Online ref: A223506
BARRON.—Bruce Morison (Dr).
Suddenly on 6th April 2018 at Poole
Hospital. Loving husband, father and
grandfather. Enquiries to Tapper
Funeral Service: 01202 673164.
Online ref: A223517
BONBERNARD.—Margaret Elisabeth.
On April 10th, peacefully in St Faiths
Nursing Home, aged 94 years. Dearest
wife of the late Steuart, beloved mother
to Susan and Jane and grandmother and
great grandmother to: Stephanie, Sara,
Caitlin, Darcy and Ieuan. Funeral
Service takes place at Cheltenham
Cemetery, South Chapel on Tuesday
24th April 2018 at 1.45 p.m., followed by
private family burial. Family flowers
only, donations, if desired, will be shared
between: The Royal National Institute
for the Blind and Insight Gloucester,
c/o Selim Smith Funeral Directors,
74 Prestbury Road, Cheltenham, GL52
2DJ. Tel: 01242 525383.
Online ref: 552431
CARSCADDEN.—Joseph (Joe), passed
away peacefully at his home on 9th April
2018, aged 84 years. Formerly of Perth
(Scotland), Eling (London), Singapore
and the Naval Ship, Fort Dunvegan.
Beloved husband of the late Pam, a
dearly loved uncle and very good friend
to many. Funeral Service at The Church
of the Holy Epiphany, Castle Lane West,
Bournemouth on Wednesday 25th April
at 2.30 p.m. Flowers may be sent to W.
Smith & Sons Funeral Directors, 639-645
Wimborne Road, Bournemouth, BH9
2AR. Tel: 01202 528818.
Online ref: A223522
COCHRANE.—Mary (Meg), née
Goldsack, passed away peacefully on
22nd March 2018. At family request
the small private funeral took place on
Thursday 12th April.
Online ref: 552428
DAVIS.—Grahame Watson died
peacefully after a short illness on 10th
April at the Hospice in the Weald.
Much loved father of Helena and Piers,
darling Papa to Katy, Harry and Isla. A
Service of Thanksgiving will take place
on Friday 4th May at 2.30 p.m. at St
Peter and St Paul Church, Shorne, Kent.
No flowers please but donations, if
desired, to the Hospice in the Weald,
Pembury or c/o John Weir Funeral
Directors, 01634 373111.
Online ref: A223530
In memoriam
Sir William Aldous
A service of thanksgiving for the
life of Sir William Aldous was held
on Thursday, April 12, at St Mary’s
Church, Stoke by Nayland. The
Rev Mary Cantacuzene officiated
and gave an address.
Mr Richard Aldous (son) read
the lesson. Miss Alexandra Aldous
(granddaughter) read He Is Gone by
Mr David Harkins, Mr Christopher
Hall read The Dusk Is Down by
William Henry Ogilvie and William
Steel (grandson) read his poem,
Ode to Grandpa. Mr George Paul
(cousin) paid tribute to Sir William.
Among those present were:
Lady Aldous (widow), Mrs Nicola
Steel, Mrs Emma Reid (daughters), Mr
Charles Aldous, QC, Mr Tom Aldous
(brothers), Miss Elizabeth Aldous (sister),
Mr Robert Henson, Mr William Henson
(brothers-in-law) and other members of
the family; together with representatives
of Inner Temple and other organisations
with which Sir William was associated
and many friends.
DUNNING.—Frederick Weir OBE died
on 12th April 2018, in Bridlington, East
Riding of Yorkshire, aged 89. Husband
of the late Inge and much loved father
of Jane and Andrew, he had six
grandchildren and two
great-grandchildren. He was curator of
the Geological Museum in London and is
fondly remembered by many work
colleagues and friends. There will be a
family celebration of his life on 28th
Online ref: A223508
EDBROOKE.—Donald Ralph died
peacefully on 8th April 2018, aged 84. He
will be greatly missed by family and
friends. Funeral at Exeter & Devon
Crematorium on 30th April at 12.30 p.m.
Family flowers only. Donations, if
desired, to Medicins Sans Fronties. All
enquiries to Crews & Son, 16 Tower
Street, Exmouth, EX8 1NT.
Tel: 01395 225522.
Online ref: 552445
GRAHAM.—Catherine. Peacefully on
Tuesday 10th April 2018. Catherine,
beloved wife of Angus, loving mother of
Simon and Philippa and a dear
grandmother of Hattie, Tom, Joe, Alex,
Poppy and Harry. A service of
thanksgiving will be announced at a
later date.
Online ref: 552280
GREEN.—Kenneth Charles 'Ken', of
Cobham, Surrey, sadly passed away on
3rd March 2018 aged 78. Loved dearly by
his wife Margaret and missed by his
friends. The Funeral Service will take
place at St Mary's Church, Stoke Road,
Stoke D'Abernon, Cobham, Surrey KT11
3PX on Wednesday 9th May at 12 noon
followed by a private committal. Family
flowers only please and donations, if
desired, to The Princess Alice Hospice
via Lodge Brothers, 3 Hollyhedge Road,
Cobham, Surrey, KT11 3DQ
Online ref: 552371
HALFHIDE.—Stasia Chriss (née Pearce)
formerly of Maidenhead. Passed away on
6th April aged 83 years. Much loved wife
to Ian, she will be sadly missed by all
who knew and loved her. Funeral
Service to take place on Wednesday 2nd
May at St Michael's Church, Bray at
2 p.m. followed by a burial at Oakley
Green Cemetery at 3 p.m. Family flowers
only please but donations, if so desired,
to Swan Lifeline c/o F G Pymm & Son
Funeral Directors, 65 Moorbridge Road,
Maidenhead, SL6 8LT, 01628 623822.
Online ref: 552133
LORD.—Anthony (Tony) Hugh Fraser,
on 15th March 2018, aged 64 years. A
much loved father to Stephanie and
brother to Tim and Deborah. He will be
sadly missed by family and friends.
Funeral at 11.30 a.m. on Thursday 3rd
May at St Peter’s Church, Cranbourne,
Berkshire, SL4 2EG. Flowers c/o Lines
Bannister Funeral Directors, 69 High
Street, Ascot, SL5 7HP.
Online ref: 552389
SINCLAIR.—Angela, peacefully at home
on 11th April, aged 81 years. Funeral on
25th April at 2.30 p.m. at All Saint's
Church, Ham, Marlborough, Wilts.
Family flowers only. Donations, if
desired, to Parkinson's UK c/o Dianne
Mackinder Funeral Service, Wagon
Yard, London Road, Marlborough,
Wilts, SN8 1LH. Tel: 01672 512444.
"With Christ, which is far better."
Online ref: 552443
LOWE.—Peter Giffen Eaton, on 13th
April 2018, mourned by wife Susan, sons
Andrew and Richard and his 3
Online ref: A223523
SMART.—Leonora Dennis (née Burton)
died on 7th April 2018. Beloved wife of
Peter. Service: Clydebank Crematorium,
North Dalnottar, 21st April, 11.30 a.m.
Voluntary donation to Christ's Hospital.
Online ref: A223512
MAUDE.—Henry Cornwallis, died at
home on Holy Saturday, 31st March,
aged 90. Beloved husband of Georgina
and father of Francis, Arabella, Diana
and Anthony, and grandfather of Danny,
Joseph, Mirabel, Max and Tolly. Funeral
on Friday 27th April at 2.30 p.m. at St
Mary's Church, Wingham, Canterbury,
CT3 1BB. Please no flowers.
Online ref: 552453
NICHOLAS.—Brian, Lt Cdr (Retd) sadly
passed away on Friday 6th April. The
Funeral Service will be held at
Portchester Crematorium at 3.30 p.m.
3rd May. Family flowers only please.
Donations, if desired, to Help for Heroes
Online ref: A35844
SMITH.—Barbara, aged 88 years, passed
away peacefully on 11th April 2018.
Beloved wife of the late Robert, loving
Mum to Graham and Karen. She will be
greatly missed by all her family and
friends. Funeral Service to be held on
26th April 2018 at St Gregory’s Church,
Seaton at 12 noon. Family flowers only.
Donations, if desired, for Seaton Friends
Hospiscare @ Home at the service or c/o
Hansfords Funeral Service, Bay View,
Trevelyan Road, Seaton EX12 2NL.
Online ref: 552350
SMITH.—Gene Constance, died 11th
April 2018, aged 93. Much loved mother
of Joanna and James, grandmother to
Sarah, Sam, Lizzie, Charlie and Libby,
great grandmother to Buster. She was an
inspiration to us all. Funeral on 2nd May
at 1.20 p.m. at Worthing Crematorium,
Muntham Chapel. Enquiries: Freeman
Brothers, Billingshurst. Family flowers
only, donations to Action For Children.
Online ref: A223531
PARKINSON.—John Douglas,
Veterinary Surgeon, Farmer and Major,
RAVC (Retd), died peacefully on April
5th 2018, aged 98 years. Husband,
father, grandfather, great grandfather,
and friend to many, he will be buried at
St Andrew's Church in Dent on April
20th. A separate Celebration of his life
will be held at St John the Baptist's in
Arkholme at 12.30 p.m. and there will be
a gathering at the family home at
1.45 p.m. We look forward to seeing you
there. All enquiries to Robert & Kathryn
Caunce, Ascension & Cliff Small
Funerals, Ascension House, Copy Lane,
Caton LA2 9QZ. Tel: 01524 770886.
Online ref: 552441
SOLOMONS.—Jean Solomons, beloved
wife of Anthony Solomons, died on 15th
April 2018 after a long illness. Funeral
Service will be held at Golders Green
Crematorium, Hoop Lane, London,
NW11 7NL at 12 noon on Wednesday 18th
April 2018. No flowers please.
Online ref: A223533
REES.—David Minton, died peacefully
at home on Monday 9th April. He will be
much missed by family and friends. A
Service of Memorial celebrating his life
will be held on Wednesday 9th May
2 p.m. at St Mary The Virgin Church,
Ruffed, Lancashire.
Online ref: A223514
JESUS ANSWERED them, Do ye now
believe? Behold, the hour cometh, yea, is
now come, that ye shall be scattered,
every man to his own, and shall leave me
alone: and yet I am not alone, because
the Father is with me. These things I
have spoken unto you, that in me ye
might have peace. In the world ye shall
have tribulation: but be of good cheer; I
have overcome the world.
John 6.31-33
RICHARDSON.—On 5th April 2018,
Dennis George, aged 92 years of
Pointon, Lincs. Funeral Service at South
Lincolnshire Crematorium on
Wednesday 25th April at 2 p.m. No
flowers by request, donations, if desired,
to The Lincs & Notts Air Ambulance
Appeal c/o J.E. Severs Funeral Service,
26 Main Road, Little Hale, Sleaford,
Lincs. Tel: 01529 460339.
Online ref: 552415
SEDGWICK.—Juliet, née Beebee, much
loved mother of Anna, Katie, Emily and
Richard, and grandmother of Nina,
Esme and Louis, died 15th April 2018
peacefully at St Richard's Hospital,
Online ref: 552436
SHARP.—Ernest (Ernie) Arthur
Thomas, died peacefully on 10th April
2018, aged 97 years. He will be sadly
missed by all his family and friends.
The Funeral Service will take place at
Croydon Crematorium, Thornton Road,
CR7 6BB, on Friday 4th May 12.15 p.m.
Family flowers only please. Donations,
if desired, to Alzheimer’s Society, in
memory of his late wife Kathleen, can
be made via the Pinks Funeral
Directors web page, click on the
Tributes and Donation section. All
enquiries to Pinks Funeral Directors.
Tel: 020 86579922.
Online ref: A223519
STAIT.—Ursula Victoria, passed away
peacefully at Sunrise Care Home,
Solihull, on Sunday 8th April 2018.
Widow of John, devoted and loving
mother to her twin sons Geoffrey and
Richard. Beloved sister of Diana, Stewart
and the late Brian and sister-in-law to
Elizabeth. Loving grandmother of
Gemma, Jessica, Savannah, Alexander,
Samantha and Jack and greatgrandmother to Millie. Dearly loved and
sadly missed by all her family and
friends. Funeral Service at the MidWarwickshire Crematorium, Oakley
Wood, CV33 9QP, on Thursday 10th May
at 11.30 a.m. in the South Chapel. Family
flowers only please. Donations for
Alzheimer’s Society may be left at the
service, or sent c/o R. Locke and Son,
Caution Corner, Brailes, Banbury, OX15
5AZ. Tel: 01608 685274.
Online ref: 552432
STEEL.—Doreen. Peacefully in
Mobberley, Cheshire on Wednesday 11th
April 2018. Doreen, aged 86 years,
devoted wife of the late Malcolm and
much loved mother of David and
Christopher. Funeral Service and
Committal at Vale Royal Crematorium
on Monday 23rd April at 12.15 p.m.
Family flowers only please, donations, if
wished for Alzheimer’s Society.
Donations and enquiries to Dodgson’s
Funeral Service, 25 Manchester Road,
Knutsford, WA16 0LY. Tel: 01565 634251.
Online ref: 552427
VERDEN ANDERSON.—Tragically in a
diving accident, Gavin, beloved husband
of Jenny. Precious son of David and
Valery, and son-in-law of David and Julie
Poole. Devoted father to Josh and
stepfather to Arthur and Tom. Loving
brother to Sally and Jamie. Talented
underwater photographer taken in the
prime of life, aged 53. He will be hugely
missed. Funeral arrangements later.
Online ref: A223516
WEAKLEY.—Margaret Susan (née
Coles), died peacefully on 6th April 2018
in Cardiff. She will be greatly missed by
all her family. Funeral 1.15 p.m. on 24th
April at Morriston Cemetery Chapel,
Swansea. Enquiries to J. Pidgeon & Son,
tel: 02920 226604.
Online ref: 552395
WILLIAMS.—Caroline Mary. Died in
Guernsey on 12th April. Loved partner of
Roger Perrot. The Funeral will be held at
St Saviour’s Church on Monday 23rd
April at 11 a.m.
Online ref: 552342
The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 17 April 2018
Wing Commander Henry Cobb
Peter Grünberg
Airman who enlisted at 18 and flew numerous bombing operations before training as a test pilot
HENRY COBB, who has
died aged 95, flew
Wellington bombers on
night attacks and
shadowing operations
against enemy coastal naval forces; he was
awarded the DSO and the DFC.
Already a veteran of 30 bombing
operations over North-west Europe and
North Africa, Cobb was appointed to the
newly formed No 524 Squadron in April
1944. The squadron flew specially modified
Wellington bombers from an airfield in
Devon. Its role was to attack enemy E-boats
(heavily armed fast patrol boats) and fly
anti-submarine patrols off the north French
coast at night. It also shadowed and
illuminated enemy coastal shipping for
Beaufighter strike aircraft to attack with
During the build up to D-Day in June, it
was important to prevent U-boats entering
the western end of the English Channel and
to attack E-boats that could pose a
significant threat to the Allied landings in
Normandy. On May 16 Cobb spent four
hours shadowing and attacking a force of
E-boats. On July 6 he attacked another nine
and continued shadowing them to provide
reports for follow-on attacks.
With Allied forces well established in
Normandy, the squadron moved to Norfolk.
On August 9 Cobb illuminated a force of
E-boats for Beaufighters. The boats were
close inshore and, hindered by low cloud,
Cobb had to make several runs across the
mouth of the Seine at Le Havre to provide
directions, enabling the Beaufighters to
make a successful attack. Two nights later,
one of the two engines of his Wellington
failed while flying at low level, but he
managed to gain just enough height to
reach the coast and make a crash landing.
On August 17 he was operating off the
Dutch coast when he made another attack,
this time against five E-boats. He continued
to shadow them for an hour and provide
accurate reports for other forces to engage
Italian coast. After completing 30 war
sorties he returned to Britain and began a
series of specialist anti-shipping courses
before joining No 524 Squadron.
After the war he flew Liberator transport
aircraft before converting to the Lancaster
to fly maritime patrol sorties, first with
Coastal Command and then with No 38
Squadron in Malta as a flight commander
for two years.
In 1952 he attended the Empire Test
Pilots’ School at Farnborough and at the
end of the year-long course he remained
there with the Armament and Guided
Weapons Flight, when he flew the early jet
fighters and bombers. For his work as a test
pilot he was awarded the AFC.
During his time as a staff officer in Malaya
in 1958 Cobb was involved in the formation
of the Malayan Air Force.
He returned to the UK in October 1959
and spent the next six years as a test pilot,
first with the RAF Handling Squadron at
Boscombe Down and then at Farnborough
in the Department of Human Engineering,
where he tested pressure suits and helmets
for the V-Bombers and other high-flying
He took voluntary retirement from the
RAF in December 1967 and moved to Aden
as deputy of the embryonic South Arabian
Air Force. This proved to be a difficult time
for Cobb and his wife who, after a few
months, found themselves confined to their
house before they were able to leave.
In the early 1970s he served with the
Sultan of Oman’s Air Force. Later he learnt
to fly helicopters and for a number of years
worked as a crop-spraying pilot in the UK,
Africa and the US.
He retired to South Africa before moving
to the Charente region of France. Keen on
watching nature and reading, he enjoyed
his whisky and red wine.
Henry Cobb married Rosamund in 1953.
She and their two daughters survive him.
Cobb, left, with fellow officers at their base in Devon: later in life he flew jet fighters and helicopters
the enemy. He won an immediate DFC. In
September he carried out a successful
attack on merchant shipping in the
Wilhelmshaven anchorage. He encountered
heavy anti-aircraft fire but dropped his
bombs, leaving a large ship on fire.
Throughout the winter of 1944-45 he
attacked more shipping and, at the end of
the war, he was awarded an immediate
DSO. The citation stated: “His record of
courage and flying skill have earned him an
outstanding reputation, and he sets a
magnificent example.”
Henry James Cobb was born on May 31
1922 at Chelmsford and educated at
Worthing High School. He was just 18 when
he enlisted in the RAF and trained as a pilot.
In September 1941 he joined No 458
Squadron to fly Wellingtons. He took part
on raids against Düsseldorf, Mannheim and
Aachen. In February 1942 the squadron left
for the Middle East and Cobb and his crew
ferried one of the aircraft to Egypt. He
bombed Tobruk on five occasions before
moving to Malta, where he flew torpedo
strikes and mine-laying operations off the
Henry Cobb, born May 31 1922, died March
22 2018
His Honour George Dobry
who has died aged 99, was one of
Britain’s leading planning lawyers;
after the end of Communism he
went on to build a successful legal practice
in his native Poland.
Dobry’s pre-eminence in the field was
recognised in 1973 when the Conservative
Environment Secretary Geoffrey Rippon
asked him to conduct a sweeping review of
the “outdated” planning laws. Dobry
worked up a series of recommendations,
especially for speeding up the granting of
planning permission and getting councils to
show a more positive approach.
“Planning permission should be granted
unless there is a sound and clear cut
planning reason for refusal,” Dobry
declared. “The presumption is ‘Yes’. ”
Dobry’s report landed in 1975 on the desk
of Rippon’s Labour successor Anthony
Crosland, who rejected most of its
recommendations. However, Crosland did
send out a circular to councils stressing:
“The onus … lies on the authority to show
that proposed development is not
acceptable, rather than on the applicant to
show that it is.” And over the years, most of
his recommendations were adopted.
As a barrister and later as a judge, Dobry
showed authority and humanity. He had a
nose for which aspects of a scheme – a slip
road, for example – had been included so
that they could later be left out as a
concession to objectors.
He coped well as planning inquiries
became highly adversarial. In 1978 and
newly appointed a Crown Court recorder,
Dobry took charge of the inquiry at
Swanley into the route of the M25 through
Kent. When anti-motorway protesters
broke into Daisy, Daisy to disrupt it, he told
them: “That was my favourite song.” When
they kept on singing, Dobry told them: “I’ve
always wanted to be a conductor.”
George Leon Severyn Dobry was born on
November 1 1918 into a Jewish family in
Warsaw. His father, a lawyer, wanted him to
learn English and study Economics, so in
1936 he enrolled at Edinburgh University,
taking an MA in 1939. Apart from brief visits
before the war, which his sister in Warsaw
survived, he would not return to Poland
until after the fall of Communism.
When Hitler invaded Poland, Dobry
joined the Polish army, fighting in Norway.
After the allied withdrawal to Britain, he
joined the Polish Parachute Brigade,
earning a mention in despatches. In 1942 he
was transferred to the Polish air force to
work on intelligence.
During his war service Dobry studied for
the Bar and after demobilisation in 1946 he
was called at the Inner Temple; he would be
elected a Bencher in 1977.
He was, in 1956, a founder member of
Justice, the all-party law reform and human
rights organisation.
Many of his early briefs were to represent
objectors to plans by London County
Council to compulsorily purchase rambling
old houses and use the sites for highdensity housing. In 1964 he represented the
LCC when locals objected to plans for a
second fire station for Knightsbridge,
almost opposite Harrods.
In 1970 Dobry, now a QC, secured for its
owner the possession of a house in Mayfair
taken over by a cult calling itself the Church
of the Final Judgment. He told the High
Court: “What the cult believes is that
Lucifer, Jehovah and Satan have become, or
are about to become, friends.”
Having seen most of his proposals in the
Planning lawyer who tried to persuade councils to show a positive approach to new developments
Dobry in 1969: he collected calculators
Dobry Report killed off by Crosland, he
remained convinced the planning system
was too cumbersome. He told MPs in 1976
that the Department of the Environment
had “abdicated its responsibility”, with an
attitude to planning that was “lethargic,
unco-operative and unconstructive.”
Dobry served on the Docklands Joint
Committee from 1974 to 1976, making a first
stab at planning the future of an area of
London that was mired in industrial
From 1980 to 1992 he sat as a circuit
judge. His most high-profile case, in 1990,
involved his annulment of a couple’s
five-year marriage on the ground that both
were men. While the wife had undergone a
sex-change operation before they married,
in the eyes of the law the wife remained a
man. It was the first such case involving a
marriage in Britain.
The end of Communism brought early
re-engagement with the country of his
birth. In 1991 Dobry founded the British
Centre for English and European Legal
Studies at Warsaw University, running a
two-year course in co-operation with
Cambridge University. In 1994 Warsaw
conferred on him a Dr Juris.
He also founded the Polish-British Legal
Association, and, in 1997, the Lord Slynn of
Hadley European Law Foundation, which
seeks to develop the rule of law in Eastern
Europe and the Near East; initially, it made
headway in Ukraine and Turkey.
As a young barrister in the 1950s, Dobry
had been legal secretary of the
International Commission of Jurists, and
in 2000 he reviewed the state of
international legal relations for the Lord
Chancellor, Lord Irvine of Lairg. In 2004
he founded Oxford University’s Roy Jenkins
Memorial Foundation.
Dobry, who wrote or edited numerous
law books, was appointed CBE in 1977 and
Commander, Starred Cross, of Poland’s
Order of Merit in 1999. That year he was
also presented with the Gold Medal of
the Polish Bar. He kept an impressive array
of early calculators on his desk, even if he
was not always certain about how to
operate them.
George Dobry married Margaret Headley
Smith in 1948; she died in 1978. In 1982 he
married, secondly, Rosemary Alexander,
founder of the English Gardening School,
who survives him with two daughters from
his first marriage.
His Honour George Dobry, born
November 1 1918, died March 14 2018
R Lee Ermey
Actor who brought terrifying realism to his role as a foul-mouthed drill sergeant in Full Metal Jacket
Ermey on the
set of Full
Metal Jacket:
he came up
with a lot of
his dialogue
the insult
LEE ERMEY, who has died aged 74,
was a Marine turned actor whose
performance as the brutal drill
sergeant in Stanley Kubrick’s Full
Metal Jacket (1987) became seared on the
memories of cinemagoers and raw recruits
Ermey had initially been hired as a
technical adviser to Kubrick on his anti-war
satire, which follows a platoon of US
Marines through their training and on to
the battle-torn streets of Vietnam. Yet he
had his eye on the crucial role of Gunnery
Sgt Hartman and submitted his own
audition tape: a recording of him berating
the British actors hoping to play recruits.
Kubrick later recalled that about half of
Sgt Hartman’s dialogue in the film itself –
“specifically the insult stuff ” – was Ermey’s
invention. Relentless, profane and often
racially charged, its tone was established in
the character’s opening words: “I am
Gunnery Sergeant Hartman, your senior
drill instructor. From now on you will speak
only when spoken to, and the first and last
words out of your filthy sewers will be ‘Sir’.
Do you maggots understand that?”
Ermey made a point of not going through
lines with the actors – among them
Matthew Modine and Vincent D’Onofrio
– who played the raw recruits, so that the
shock on their faces once the cameras
rolled could be as authentic as possible.
Instead, he practised his delivery in a
50 ft-long rehearsal room, with Kubrick’s
assistant Leon Vitali acting as drill sergeant
to the drill sergeant, pelting him with
oranges and tennis balls until he had
delivered 20 perfect “takes” in a row.
Critics singled Ermey out for the
authenticity of his performance and he
received a Golden Globe nomination. But
he was at pains to point out that dramatic
convenience had occasionally won out over
realism: a drill sergeant would never have
hit his recruits across the face, for example,
instead limiting himself to a “little slap in
the solar plexus”. Minor details aside, the
film went down well with many in the
Marine Corps. “I got nothing but
compliments,” Ermey recalled. He went on
to act in more than 70 other feature films,
usually in the role of military man or
hard-bitten authority figure.
Ronald Lee Ermey was born in Emporia,
Kansas, on March 24 1944 and grew up on a
farm just outside the city of Edwardsville.
His father was a strict disciplinarian and
Ermey recalled that he “got a beating every
day whether I needed it or not”. The family
moved to Washington when he was a
teenager and before long he was getting
into trouble, joyriding and drinking.
A judge eventually gave him the choice
between jail or the military. He attended the
Marine Corps boot camp in San Diego, was
stationed in Vietnam for 14 months and did
two tours in Okinawa, Japan, before retiring
due to injury. Moving to Manila in the
Philippines, he began studying drama and
fell in with an American casting director
who got him a job as a technical adviser and
helicopter pilot on Francis Ford Coppola’s
Apocalypse Now (1979).
He also took a part as a drill instructor in
The Boys in Company C (1978).
His big break came with Full Metal
Jacket, when he landed the advisory role by
sending Kubrick an eight-page list of all the
“inaccuracies” in the original novel. Filming
in England had to be put on hold after
Ermey broke his ribs in a car accident and
Kubrick subsequently decided to reshoot
several of his scenes, extending total
filming time to 14 months. The actor Dorian
Harewood later called the experience “as
close to war as I ever want to get”.
Ermey’s subsequent films included
Mississippi Burning (1988), Toy Soldiers
(1991) and Se7en (1995). He reprised the
sergeant role in a more light-hearted vein
with the Toy Story films (as the voice of the
inch-high plastic Sarge), and in episodes of
The Simpsons and Family Guy.
A board member of the National Rifle
Association and a spokesman for the
firearms company Glock, he was also part of
a competitive rifle-shooting team that
included Donald Trump Jr.
He is survived by his wife Nila and by
their four children.
R Lee Ermey, born March 24 1944, died
April 15 2018
German physicist whose work
paved the way for smartphones
who has died
aged 78, was a
German solid
state physicist
who shared the
2007 Nobel Prize
in Physics with
the French
scientist Albert
Fert for their
development of a
novel technology
used to read data He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics
on hard disks,
allowing them to be
device based on the effect
miniaturised, thus paving
was launched in 1997 and is
the way for gadgets such as
now the standard
the MP3 player, the
technology behind a
smartphone and iPod.
consumer goods market
In 1988 both men,
worth billions. The Nobel
working separately,
Prize Committee observed
discovered a hitherto
that GMR “can also be
unknown magnetic effect
considered one of the first
known as giant
real applications of the
magnetoresistance (GMR),
promising field of
whereby a small magnetic
field can induce a large
Peter Andreas Grünberg
change in the electrical
was born on May 18 1939 to a
conductivity of a material
Sudeten German family in
composed of sandwiched
Pilsen, Bohemia, two
nanolayers (ie, only a few
months after the area had
millionths of a millimetre
been occupied by Germany,
thick) of magnetic and
becoming an autonomous
non-magnetic materials.
Nazi-administered territory
The magnetic layers behave as the Protectorate of
a little like bar magnets
Bohemia and Moravia (now
pointing in one of two
the Czech Republic). His
directions, north or south.
father was an engineer who
When a current is
worked for the Skoda
induced into this sandwich, factory in Pilsen designing
electrons move through the locomotives.
layers. However, the degree
The family was interned
of hindrance they
by the Czechoslovak
experience is different
authorities after the war.
depending upon an intrinsic Peter’s father died in prison
quantum characteristic of
towards the end of 1945 and
electrons that scientists call
was buried in a mass grave.
“spin” (even though the
The rest of the family,
electrons are not actually
including seven-year-old
spinning). Instead, “spin”
Peter, was expelled from
means each electron acts
Czechoslovakia in 1946 and
like a miniature magnet
settled at Lauterbach,
pointing either up or down.
In the magnetic layers
He went on to study at the
this spin can be aligned to or Johann Wolfgang Goethe
counter to the direction of
University in Frankfurt and
the bar magnet. The upshot the Darmstadt University of
is that electrons with a spin
Technology, where he took
in one direction will move
a degree in Physics followed
more freely and hence be
by a PhD. From 1969 to 1972
the predominant carriers of
he did postdoctoral work at
the current through the
Carleton University in
layer, so the flow of
Ottawa, Canada. He later
electrons through the
joined the Institute for Solid
sandwich can be controlled
State Physics in the western
by the relative arrangement German town of Jülich,
of the bar magnets of the top where he remained until his
and bottom layers.
retirement in 2004.
The discovery paved the
Apart from the Nobel
way to storing individual
Prize, Grünberg’s work was
bits of data as magnetic
recognised with several
domains on a spinning disk, more prizes, including the
with the changes in
Wolf Prize in Physics, the
conductivity they induce in
2006 European Inventor of
a reading head held over the the Year award of the
disk capable of being turned European Commission, and
into signals that a computer the 2007 Japan Prize.
can process. The result has
In 1966 he married Helma
been that the amount of
Prausa, with whom he had
data computers can store
two daughters and a son.
has grown even faster than
their ability to process it.
Peter Grünberg, born May
The first disk-reading
18 1939, died April 7 2018
Tuesday 17 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Television & radio
Last night on television Michael Hogan
Eavesdropping on this
conversation was a joy
A regal pair: David Attenborough and the Queen discussed their love of trees
ast night saw television
royalty join forces with
the real thing in The
Queen’s Green Planet
(ITV). This life-affirming
documentary followed
Her Majesty’s ambitious project to
create a vast network of protected
forests, spanning the 53 countries
of the Commonwealth. The
programme’s centrepiece was a
lovely conversation between the
Queen and David Attenborough
as they strolled through Buckingham
Palace’s gardens last summer.
Eavesdropping on their relaxed
chat was a joy. When they tutted
about Health & Safety gone mad or
a noisy helicopter overhead
(amusingly, the Queen blamed it on
President Trump), it was like any two
pensioners enjoying a moan about
the modern world. At one moment,
she laughed at a bent sapling,
wondering if “somebody sat on it
at a garden party”.
The film also followed members
of the Royal family helping make the
QCC (Queen’s Commonwealth
Canopy) a reality. The Duke and
Duchess of Cambridge planted trees
in Canada’s Great Bear Rainforest –
also taking time to catch salmon with
their bare hands. (The Duchess was
better at it.)
Prince Harry mucked in,
demonstrating his flair for public
occasions as he danced, drummed and
downed local tipples in the Caribbean.
“I’m closing in on my half century of
trees planted,” he told some giggling
schoolgirls, “but I reckon the Queen is
up in the thousands.” Attenborough
described the tree-planting tradition
as “a sort of royal ‘I woz ‘ere’.”
Just to add another A-list name to
an already starry cast, Hollywood
actress Angelina Jolie took her family
to plant trees in the Namibian desert.
Jolie flew the single-engine plane
herself and was infectiously passionate
about the project. Even Boris Johnson
popped up with a typically verbose
comic contribution.
This was a classily produced film,
handsomely shot in verdant greens,
the camerawork intimate yet
unobtrusive as Attenborough and the
Queen took time to smell the roses.
As the 91-year-olds stood admiring a
pair of magnificent London planes, it
drove home how treelike they are
themselves: strong, noble and steeped
in history.
ll across Britain, people are
having ideas,” said Karren
Brady at the start of Give it a
Year (ITV), sounding worryingly
like spoof documentary dimwit
Philomena Cunk. “But are they good
or bad ones?” Well, this new business
series was quite a goody.
Not to be confused with ITV
stablemate This Time Next Year –
a makeover show, produced by the
same company, with a spookily similar
premise – it saw The Apprentice’s
killer queen meet budding
entrepreneurs as they went it alone.
Brady checked in at the launch of
each venture, before flashing forward
to see what happened when they
– drum roll – “gave it a year”. Would
they make a mint or lose a fortune?
One of each, it transpired.
Sarah Butler hired out giant lightup letters for weddings. Could she
turn it from a garage-run hobby to a
full-time concern? Lack of confidence
led her to seek advice from beyond
the grave. “I’ve seen three mediums,”
she confessed. “My grandad came
through and said he could see me
with my own business.” Struggling
to keep a straight face, Brady told her
she needed self-belief, not counsel
from dead relatives.
Within a year, Butler had taken on
staff, tripled her turnover and even
stopped seeing psychics. A happy
ending all round.
Next up was Mancunian inventor
Thomas Gostelow, who’d cracked a
quintessentially British problem: how
to keep your tea warm. Sadly, Brady
didn’t think the idea was so hot. He
was charging £70 for a self-heating
mug or a spit-out-your-tea £1,000 for
an “elite” version. As the exasperated
Brady left Thomas to it, he was selling
one per day. According to his website
now, they’re priced at £129. Truly a
mug’s game.
Give it a Year was jazzed up
with Britain’s Got Talent-style
shooting star graphics and copious
close-ups of Brady’s high heels,
clip-clopping along purposefully.
But she also showed a warmer,
more supportive side to the
uncompromising demeanour she
dispays next to Lord Sugar.
The half-hour format, with
snappily told stories, was diverting
enough that my tea went cold
while watching it. Just don’t get any
ideas, Thomas.
The Queen’s Green Planet ★★★★
Give it a Year ★★★
What to watch
the tag-line for this
intriguing six-part drama
when it aired in France, a
nerve-shredding mystery
about a group of friends
trapped in the Alps in a
remote chalet that slowly
reveals its dark past. GO
Stephen: The Murder that
Changed a Nation
Twenty-five years ago,
18-year-old Stephen
Lawrence was stabbed to
death at a bus stop in
Eltham, south London, by
a gang of six white youths
in an unprovoked attack.
The murder sent shock
waves through British
society – not least for the
battle that Stephen’s
parents faced to overcome
failings in the Metropolitan
Police investigation that
left the killers free for
years, and the subsequent
conclusion of a public
inquiry, led by judge
William Macpherson,
that the force was
institutionally racist.
This absorbing three-part
documentary – showing
on consecutive nights this
week – from film-makers
James Rogan, Asif Kapadia
and James Gay-Rees (the
last two Oscar winners for
their documentary about
the late Amy Winehouse)
sifts through the history
and legacy of Britain’s
most notorious racially
motivated murder.
Tonight’s opening part
focuses on the run-up to
Stephen’s murder and the
initial investigation,
during which his parents
Doreen and Neville
remained baffled as to why
FOX, 9.00PM
 Fox’s Marvel adaptation
certainly doesn’t dial down
the weirdness factor as it
strikes out on a second
series of adventures as
telepathic, schizophrenic
mutant David Haller
(Downton Abbey’s Dan
Stevens) embarks on
another epic battle with his
own personal demon, the
Shadow King. GO
Top of the Shop with
Tom Kerridge
 Artisan food is the focus
of this new eight-parter as
producers of everything
from smoked cheese to
pickles and preserves are
pitted against each other
Tragic: Stephen Lawrence was murdered 25 years ago
no arrests were made.
Contributors include
them, Stephen’s friend and
witness to the murder
farming on a remote
Scottish loch. GO
Cunk on Britain
My Turban and Me
BBC TWO, 10.00PM; NI, 11.15PM
 More skewed history
from Philomena Cunk
(Diane Morgan) who this
week grapples with the
Victorian era. Guests
include Chris Packham,
who sheds light on one of
Cunk’s favourite subjects:
Charles Darwin’s
“invention” of evolution. GO
Paradise Hunters
 This one-off
documentary follows two
disillusioned millennials
Duwayne Brooks, and
former Met commissioner
Paul Condon.
Gerard O’Donovan
Top of the Shop: Tom Kerridge
who ditch dull lives and
workplaces to pursue their
dreams. Katie turns her
back on video-distribution
in London to saddle up at
a 550,000-acre ranch in
Mexico, while Charlie
swaps a call centre in
Brighton for salmon
 Glaswegian actor and
comedian Sanjeev Kohli
(best known for his role as
Navid in the BBC sitcom
Still Game) explores the
significance of wearing the
turban and why it is again
becoming more popular as
an expression of faith for
British Sikhs. GO
The Chalet
 “When Stephen King
meets Agatha Christie” was
Legion: Dan Stevens
in a slightly contrived battle
for popularity based at a
tiny food shop in the
Yorkshire Dales. GO
Tate Britain’s Great
Art Walks
 A second six-part series
gets off to a terrific start as
art historian Gus CaselyHayford invites comedian
Billy Connolly to join him
for an illuminating stroll
around the pretty Berkshire
village of Cookham, the
former home of the artist
Stanley Spencer and
background to so many of
his best-loved works. GO
Radio choice Charlotte Runcie
BBC World Hacks:
Problem Solving Prizes
 Is the promise of a reward
the best way to convince
researchers and experts to
solve the world’s problems?
That’s the question posed in
this evening’s edition, which
considers how competition
– and the potential for
personal glory and
significant financial
incentive – can be used
to nudge great minds
towards helping society.
It’s not a new idea: the
Longitude Prize in the
1700s incentivised
scientists to invent
reliable timekeeping and
navigational instruments
that would work at sea.
Radio 1
FM 97.6-99.8MHz
6.30 am The Radio 1 Breakfast
Show with Nick Grimshaw
10.00 Clara Amfo
12.45 pm Newsbeat
1.00 Scott Mills
4.00 Greg James
5.45 Newsbeat
6.00 Greg James
7.00 Annie Mac
9.00 The 8th with Charlie Sloth
11.00 Huw Stephens
1.00 am Annie Nightingale
3.00 Movies That Made Me:
Emily Blunt and Tom Cruise
4.00 - 6.30am Radio 1’s Early
Breakfast Show with Adele
Radio 2
FM 88-90.2MHz
am Chris Evans
Ken Bruce
Jeremy Vine
pm Steve Wright in the
Simon Mayo
Jamie Cullum
Jo Whiley
Blood on the Tracks
Nigel Ogden: The Organist
Listen to the Band
Sounds of the 80s
am Radio 2’s Folk Playlist
Radio 2 Playlist: 90s Hits
Radio 2 Playlist: Wednesday
- 6.30am Vanessa Feltz
Radio 3
FM 90.2-92.4MHz
6.30 am Breakfast
9.00 Essential Classics
12.00 Composer of the Week:
1.00 pm News
1.02 Radio 3 Lunchtime Concert.
Performances by the
Castalian Quartet and Mr
McFall’s Chamber Ensemble
from the East Neuk Festival,
featuring Ravel’s String
Quartet and a new work by
Henning Sommerro
Afternoon Concert
BBC Young Musician 2018
In Tune
In Tune Mixtape
Radio 3 in Concert
Free Thinking
The Essay: Secret Admirers
Late Junction
- 6.30am Through the Night
Radio 4
FM 92.4-94.6MHz; LW 198KHz
am Today
LW: Yesterday in Parliament
The Long View
Nature’s Great Invaders
FM: Book of the Week:
Dearest Squirrel
LW: Daily Service
Woman’s Hour
The Second Genome
The Voices of
pm LW: Shipping Forecast
Home Front
Call You and Yours
The World at One
Chinese Characters
The Archers
◆ Drama: 19 Weeks.
See Radio choice
The Kitchen Cabinet
Costing the Earth
Word of Mouth
Great Lives
LW: Shipping Forecast
Six O’Clock News
Love in Recovery
The Archers
Front Row
She Said/He Said
Russians in Britain: A
In Touch
Inconspicuous Consumption
The Long View
The World Tonight
Book at Bedtime: Nikesh
Shukla – The One Who
Wrote Destiny
Richard Marsh: Cardboard
Today in Parliament
The Documentary: Islands
on the Front Line
 It’s all too easy to assume
that because in this country
we can’t always see the
direct effects of climate
change, that it’s happening
slowly and climate-related
disaster belongs only to the
distant future. But as Regina
12.00 News and Weather
12.30 am Book of the Week:
Dearest Squirrel
12.48 Shipping Forecast
1.00 As World Service
5.20 Shipping Forecast
5.30 News Briefing
5.43 Prayer for the Day
5.45 Farming Today
5.58 - 6.00am Tweet of the Day
Radio 5 Live
MW 693 & 909KHz
6.00 am 5 Live Breakfast
10.00 The Emma Barnett Show
with Anna Foster
1.00 pm Afternoon Edition
4.00 5 Live Drive
7.00 5 Live Sport
7.45 5 Live Sport: Premier
League Football 2017-18.
Brighton & Hove Albion v
Tottenham Hotspur
(kick-off 7.45pm)
10.00 5 Live Sport: 5 Live Football
10.30 Phil Williams
1.00 am Up All Night
5.00 Morning Reports
5.15 - 6.00am Wake Up to
Classic FM
FM 99.9-101.9MHz
am More Music Breakfast
John Suchet
pm Anne-Marie Minhall
Classic FM Drive
Smooth Classics at Seven
The Full Works Concert.
The first of two concerts
celebrating spring,
including pieces by Vaughan
Williams, Glazunov,
Beethoven and Tchaikovsky
10.00 Smooth Classics
1.00 - 6.00am Sam Pittis
World Service
6.00am Newsday 8.06 BBC World
Hacks 8.30 Business Daily 8.50
Witness 9.00 News 9.06 The Forum
9.50 Sporting Witness 10.00 World
Lepping of the Solomon
Islands explains during this
trip around her homeland,
climate change is already
happening before our eyes,
visible in rising sea levels
and unpredictable weather.
Lepping meets local
communities who are taking
action to raise awareness
and make practical steps,
such as planting coral.
Update 11.00 The Newsroom 11.30 In
the Studio 12.00 News 12.06pm
Outlook 1.00 The Newsroom 1.30 The
Documentary 2.00 Newshour 3.00
News 3.06 BBC World Hacks 3.30
World Business Report 4.00 BBC OS
6.00 News 6.06 Outlook 7.00 The
Newsroom 7.30 Sport Today 8.00
News 8.06 HARDtalk 8.30 Click 9.00
Newshour 10.00 News 10.06 ◆ The
Documentary: Islands On The Front
Line. See Radio choice 10.30 In the
Studio 11.00 News 11.06 The
Newsroom 11.20 Sports News 11.30
World Business Report 12.00 News
12.06am The Forum 12.50 Sporting
Witness 1.00 News 1.06 Business
Matters 2.00 News 2.06 The
Newsroom 2.30 The Documentary
3.00 News 3.06 Newsday 3.30 The
Compass 4.00 News 4.06 Newsday
5.00 News 5.06 The Newsroom
5.30 - 6.00am Click
Radio 4 Extra
6.00am Julie Enfield Investigates: The
Net and the Canal 6.30 Forever 22
7.00 Arrested Development 7.30 Love
in Recovery 8.00 The Ken Dodd Show
8.30 The Men from the Ministry 9.00
The News Quiz Extra 9.45 Helen Keen’s
It Is Rocket Science 10.00 The BedSitting Room 11.00 Clown’s Shoes
11.15 The New Look 12.00 The Ken
Dodd Show 12.30pm The Men from
the Ministry 1.00 Julie Enfield
Investigates: The Net and the Canal
1.30 Forever 22 2.00 Expo 58 2.15
Shakespeare’s Restless World 2.30
Tristram Shandy 2.45 The Love and
Wars of Lina Prokofiev 3.00 The BedSitting Room 4.00 It’s Not What You
Know 4.30 Ballylenon 5.00 Arrested
Development 5.30 Love in Recovery
6.00 The Man Who Was Thursday 6.30
Pioneers 7.00 The Ken Dodd Show
7.30 The Men from the Ministry 8.00
Julie Enfield Investigates: The Net and
the Canal 8.30 Forever 22 9.00
Clown’s Shoes 9.15 The New Look
10.00 Comedy Club 12.00 The Man
Who Was Thursday 12.30am Pioneers
1.00 Julie Enfield Investigates: The
Net and the Canal 1.30 Forever 22
2.00 Expo 58 2.15 Shakespeare’s
Restless World 2.30 Tristram Shandy
2.45 The Love and Wars of Lina
Prokofiev 3.00 The Bed-Sitting Room
4.00 It’s Not What You Know 4.30
Ballylenon 5.00 Arrested Development
5.30 - 6.00am Love in Recovery
The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 17 April 2018
Today’s television
FV Freeview FS Freesat (AD) Audio description (R) Repeat (S) Subtitles (SL) In-vision signing
Channel 4
Channel 5
6.00 am Breakfast (S) 9.15 Health: Truth
or Scare (S) 10.00 Homes Under the
Hammer (AD) (S) 11.00 Heir Hunters
(S) 11.45 Dom on the Spot (S)
12.15 pm Bargain Hunt (AD) (R) (S)
1.00 BBC News at One; Weather (S)
1.30 Regional News; Weather (S)
1.45 Doctors (AD) (S)
2.15 800 Words (AD) (S)
3.00 Escape to the Country (AD) (S)
3.45 Flipping Profit (AD) (S)
4.30 Flog It! (R) (S)
5.15 Pointless (S)
6.00 BBC News at Six; Weather (S)
6.30 Regional News; Weather (S)
6.55 Party Election Broadcast (S)
6.00 am Flog It! Trade Secrets (R) (S)
6.30 Heir Hunters (R) (S) 7.15
Health: Truth or Scare (R) (S) 8.00
Sign Zone: Sea Cities – Sunderland
(R) (S) (SL) 9.00 Victoria Derbyshire
(S) 11.00 BBC Newsroom Live (S)
12.00 Daily Politics (S)
1.00 pm The Super League Show (S)
1.45 Home Away from Home (R) (S)
2.30 Going Back, Giving Back (R) (S)
3.15 Trust Me, I’m a Doctor (R) (S)
4.15 Tigers About the House (AD) (R) (S)
5.15 Put Your Money Where Your
Mouth Is (R) (S)
6.00 Eggheads (S)
6.30 Britain in Bloom (S)
6.00 am Good Morning Britain (S) 8.30
Lorraine (S) 9.25 The Jeremy Kyle
Show (S) 10.30 This Morning (S)
12.30 pm Loose Women (S)
1.30 News; Weather (S)
1.55 Regional News; Weather (S)
2.00 Judge Rinder (S)
3.00 Tenable (S)
4.00 Tipping Point (S)
5.00 The Chase (S)
6.00 Regional News; Weather (S)
6.20 Party Election Broadcast (S)
6.30 News; Weather (S)
6.00 am Countdown (R) (S) 6.45 3rd
Rock from the Sun (AD) (R) (S) 7.10
3rd Rock from the Sun (AD) (R) (S)
7.35 Everybody Loves Raymond (R)
(S) 8.00 Everybody Loves Raymond
(R) (S) 8.30 Frasier (R) (S) 9.00
Frasier (R) (S) 9.35 Frasier (R) (S)
10.05 Ramsay’s Hotel Hell (AD) (R)
(S) 11.00 Undercover Boss USA (R)
12.00 Channel 4 News (S)
12.05 pm Come Dine with Me (R) (S)
1.05 Posh Pawnbrokers (R) (S)
2.10 Countdown (S)
3.00 A Place in the Sun: Winter Sun (R)
4.00 Escape to the Chateau: DIY (AD) (S)
5.00 Four in a Bed (R) (S)
5.30 Buy It Now (S)
6.00 The Simpsons (AD) (R) (S)
6.30 Hollyoaks (AD) (R) (S)
6.00 am Milkshake! 9.15 The Wright Stuff
(S) 11.15 Traffic Cops (R) (S)
12.10 pm 5 News Lunchtime (S)
12.15 GPs: Behind Closed Doors (AD) (R)
1.10 Access (S)
1.15 Home and Away (AD) (S)
1.45 Neighbours (AD) (S)
2.15 NCIS (AD) (R) (S)
3.15 FILM: Deadly Delusion (2017)
Premiere. Thriller starring Haylie
Duff (S)
5.00 5 News at 5 (R) (S)
5.30 Neighbours (AD) (R) (S)
6.00 Home and Away (AD) (R) (S)
6.30 5 News Tonight (S)
Cunk on Britain
This Time Next Year
Holby City
7.00 The One Show Live chat and topical
reports (S)
7.30 EastEnders Michelle tries to fix the
mess she has got herself into (AD)
7.00 Antiques Road Trip Kate Bliss and
Paul Laidlaw’s trip starts in Wales
and heads to Somerset (S)
Paradise Hunters
7.00 The Yorkshire Vet Casebook Peter
Wright receives an emergency call
from farming clients Steve and Jean
Green (S)
7.30 100 Year Old Driving School A
91-year-old former teacher attempts
to prove she is a good driver. Last in
the series (AD) (S)
8.00 Top of the Shop with Tom Kerridge
New series. Four food producers
with fledgling businesses test out
their products See What to watch
(AD) (S)
8.00 This Time Next Year Davina McCall
meets a 45-year-old man who
wants to track down his half-sister
(AD) (S)
8.00 Class of Mum and Dad A few
members of class 6M are beginning
to test the boundaries (AD) (S)
8.00 The Yorkshire Vet New series.
Julian Norton needs to pregnancy
test a herd of cattle (S)
9.00 Stephen: The Murder That
Changed a Nation New series.
Documentary examining the death
of Stephen Lawrence See What to
watch (AD) (S)
9.00 Hospital Featuring patients at the
Queen’s Medical Centre Paediatric
Intensive Care Unit (S)
9.00 Last Laugh in Vegas With nothing
going to plan, US producer Frank
Marino plans to pull the show (AD)
9.00 Paradise Hunters Two millennials
start very different jobs in far-flung
locations See What to watch (AD)
9.00 Made in Yorkshire John Prescott
visits Wensleydale Creamery and a
pork pie factory in Leeming Bar (S)
10.00 Cunk on Britain Philomena Cunk
examines the Victorian era See
What to watch (AD) (S)
10.30 Newsnight (S)
11.15 Living with the Brainy Bunch
12.15am Sign Zone: MasterChef 1.15
Sign Zone: Lenny Henry: The
Commonwealth Kid 2.15 - 6.00am
This Is BBC Two
11.20 Double Mastectomy Twins 11.50
Getting High for God? 12.256.00am News
10.00 News; Weather (S)
10.30 Regional News; Weather (S)
10.45 The Cruise: Sailing the Caribbean
Marcella makes the final
preparations for a wedding
ceremony (AD) (R) (S)
11.15 The Durrells 12.10am Jackpot247
3.00 Loose Women 3.45 ITV
Nightscreen 5.05 - 6.00am The
Jeremy Kyle Show
BBC Four
1.40 - 3.00am ITV
Northern Ireland
BBC One:
No variations
BBC Two:
10.00 - 10.30pm Keepin ’er
Country 11.15 Cunk on Britain
11.45 - 12.15am QI
10.45 - 11.15pm Give It a
Year 12.10am Teleshopping
7.00 pm Beyond 100 Days
7.30 Nature’s Microworlds
8.00 King Alfred and the AngloSaxons
9.00 The Story of the Jews
10.00 Majesty and Mortar:
Britain’s Great Palaces
11.00 Chivalry and Betrayal: The
Hundred Years War
12.00 Francesco’s Italy Top to Toe
1.00 am Top of the Pops: 1983
1.30 Top of the Pops: 1983
2.00 - 3.30am Apples, Pears and
Paint: How to Make a Still
Life Painting
10.20am The Bachelor 12.15pm
Emmerdale 12.45 Coronation Street
1.45 The Ellen DeGeneres Show 2.35
The Jeremy Kyle Show 4.55 Judge Rinder
6.00 Take Me Out 7.00 You’ve Been
Framed! Gold 8.00 Two and a Half Men
9.00 FILM: American Pie 2 (2001) The
teenage friends get together after their
first year at college and set out to
broaden their sexual horizons over the
summer. Comedy sequel, with Jason
Biggs and Chris Klein 11.05 Family Guy
12.05am American Dad! 12.55 Celebrity
Juice 1.40 Two and a Half Men 2.306.00am Teleshopping
Noon The Goldbergs 1.00pm The Big
Bang Theory 2.00 How I Met Your
Mother 3.00 New Girl 4.00 Brooklyn
Nine-Nine 5.00 The Goldbergs 6.00 The
Big Bang Theory 7.00 Hollyoaks 7.30
Extreme Cake Makers 8.00 The Big Bang
Theory 9.00 Gotham 10.00 Supernatural
11.00 The Big Bang Theory 12.00 First
Dates 1.05am Tattoo Fixers 2.10
Gotham 2.55 Supernatural 3.454.05am How I Met Your Mother
11.35am Four in a Bed 2.10pm Come
Dine with Me 4.50 A Place in the Sun:
FV 10 FS 115 SKY 119 VIRGIN 117
am Inspector Morse
pm The Royal
Classic Coronation Street
Classic Coronation Street
On the Buses
On the Buses
You’re Only Young Twice
Rising Damp
Murder, She Wrote
Midsomer Murders
Scott & Bailey
Scott & Bailey
am The Street
The Street
ITV3 Nightscreen
- 6.00am Teleshopping
Summer Sun 5.55 Kirstie and Phil’s Love
It or List It 6.55 The Secret Life of the
Zoo 7.55 Grand Designs 9.00 My
Floating Home 10.00 Millionaires’
Mansions: Designing Britain’s Most
Exclusive Homes 11.05 24 Hours in A&E
12.10am 8 Out of 10 Cats Does
Countdown 1.15 Ramsay’s Kitchen
Nightmares USA 2.15 My Floating Home
3.15-4.00am 8 Out of 10 Cats
Noon American Pickers 1.00pm
Top Gear 2.00 Top Gear USA Special
3.00 Sin City Motors 4.00 Steve
Austin’s Broken Skull Challenge
5.00 Top Gear 6.00 Room 101 6.40
Would I Lie to You? 8.00 Scrappers 9.00
Would I Lie to You? 11.00 Live at the
Apollo 12.00 QI 1.20am Mock the Week
2.00 QI 3.20-4.00am Parks and
Sky Sports Main Event
10.00am Live ATP Masters Tennis. The
Monte-Carlo Masters 3.00pm Live Indian
Premier League. Mumbai Indians v Royal
Challengers Bangalore 7.30 Live Premier
League. Brighton & Hove Albion v
Tottenham Hotspur (kick-off 7.45pm)
10.00 The Debate 11.00 Sky Sports
News 1.00am Live WWE Late Night
Smackdown. Spectacular wrestling action
3.00-6.00am Sky Sports News
 “There was a man whose deeds
were dark as night/ And quite by
chance he rode into the light,” go the
lyrics of a Johnny Cash song based on
this unusually romantic western
starring John Wayne and Gail Russell
as a couple from different sides of the
tracks. The story follows notorious
gunman Quirt Evans (Wayne) who
becomes injured and is nursed to back
to health by a Quaker farmer and his
daughter (Russell).
The Book Thief (2013)
11.05 One Born Every Minute 12.10am
Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA
1.00 999: On the Frontline 1.55 The
Supervet 2.50 Hidden Restaurants
with Michel Roux Jr 3.45 Building
the Dream 4.40 The Question Jury
5.30 - 6.00am Steph and Dom’s
One Star to Five Star
 Germany during the Second World
War looks like a John Lewis Christmas
advert in this bloodless drama,
adapted from the novel by Markus
Zusak. Liesel (Sophie Nélisse) lives
under Nazi rule, but finds an escape
in books, after her foster father
(Geoffrey Rush) teaches her to read.
Later, the family takes in a Jewish
fugitive, but this doesn’t quicken the
dramatic pace. There is, however, a
lush John Williams score.
10.00 Beyond Evil: The Murder of Becky
Watts The story behind the murder
of 16-year-old Becky Watts (R) (S)
11.00 Serial Killers: Meet the Psychopaths
12.00 When Kids Kill: Schoolboy
Slayer 1.00am SuperCasino 3.10
GPs: Behind Closed Doors 4.00 My
Mum’s Hotter Than Me! 4.45 House
Doctor 5.10 Divine Designs 5.35 6.00am Wildlife SOS
The Outsiders (1983)
LONDON LIVE, 11.00PM ★★★★
BBC One:
8.00 - 9.00pm River City
10.45 Holby City 11.45 My
Turban and Me 12.20am
Getting High for God? 12.55 6.00am BBC News
BBC Two:
7.00 - 8.00pm Gold Coast
2018: Scotland’s Games
10.30pm Scotland Tonight
11.05 Heroes and Villains:
Caught on Camera 12.00
Teleshopping 1.00am After
Midnight 2.30 ITV
Nightscreen 4.05 The Jeremy
Kyle Show 5.00 - 6.00am
BBC One:
No variations
BBC Two:
1.45pm First Minister’s
Questions 2.35 Going Back,
Giving Back 3.20 Trust Me,
I’m a Doctor 4.20 Tigers
About the House 5.20 - 6.00
Coast 11.15 New Voices from
Wales: Putting My Foot Down
11.25 Living with the Brainy
Bunch 12.30 - 1.15am Coast
ITV Wales:
6.00 - 6.30pm ITV News
Wales at Six
ITV Regions
No variations, except:
ITV Channel:
12.10 - 3.00am ITV
FV Freeview FS Freesat (AD) Audio description (R) Repeat (S) Subtitles (SL) In-vision signing
Freeview, satellite and cable
FV 9 FS 107 SKY 116 VIRGIN 107
10.00 Gogglebox The households’
opinions on recent TV (AD) (R) (S)
6.00am Cyw 12.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd
12.05pm Dudley ar Daith 12.30 Cwymp yr
Ymerodraethau 1.30 Only Men Aloud 2.00 Newyddion
S4C a’r Tywydd 2.05 Prynhawn Da 3.00 Newyddion S4C
a’r Tywydd 3.05 John ac Alun 3.30 Gwyllt ar Grwydr
4.00 Awr Fawr 5.00 Stwnsh 6.00 Newyddion S4C a’r
Tywydd 6.05 04 Wal 6.30 Rownd a Rownd 7.00 Heno
7.30 Pobol y Cwm 8.00 Ffit Cymru 9.00 Newyddion 9
a’r Tywydd 9.30 Y Byd ar Bedwar 10.00 Band Cymru
2018 11.00 - 11.35pm Pobol y Rhondda
FILM4, 2.05PM ★★★
FILM4, 6.25PM ★★
8.00 Holby City Frieda forces new trainee
Nicky to question what kind of
doctor she wants to be (AD) (S)
10.00 BBC News at Ten (S)
10.30 Regional News; Weather (S)
10.45 My Turban and Me Sanjeev Kohli
explores the importance of wearing
the Sikh turban in Britain See What
to watch (AD) (S)
Angel and the Badman (1947, b/w)
The Yorkshire Vet
7.00 Channel 4 News (S)
7.00 Emmerdale (AD) (S)
Film choice
Main channels
FV 24 FS 117 SKY 120 VIRGIN 118
am The Avengers
pm Ironside
Quincy ME
The Saint
The Avengers
Storage Wars: Texas
Pawn Stars
World Superbike Highlights
FILM: Lethal Weapon 3
(1992) Action thriller sequel
with Mel Gibson and Danny
pm FILM: Tremors (1990)
Comedy horror starring
Kevin Bacon
am Minder
Ax Men
- 6.00am Teleshopping
Sky Sports Premier
11.00am MNF 3.00pm MNF Hlts 3.30
Premier League Highlights 4.00 PL Best
Goals 15/16 5.00 MNF Hlts 5.30
Premier League Highlights 6.00 Premier
League Review 7.00 Premier League 100
Club 7.30 Live Premier League. Brighton
& Hove Albion v Tottenham Hotspur
(kick-off 7.45pm) 10.00 The Debate
11.00 Premier League Highlights 11.30
Premier League Review 12.30am
Premier League Highlights 1.00 The
Debate 2.00 Premier League Highlights
2.30 Premier League 100 Club 3.004.00am The Debate
BT Sport 1
11.30am 30 for 30 12.30pm 30 for 30
2.30 30 for 30 4.00 Premier League
Review 5.00 Formula E Championship
6.00 Premier League Tonight 6.30
Premier League Reload 6.45 Bundesliga
Highlights Show 7.45 Live German Cup
Football. Bayer Leverkusen v Bayern
Munich (kick-off 7.45pm) 9.45 Premier
League Reload 10.00 Game of the Week
10.30 30 for 30 12.30am NBA Inside
Stuff 1.00 Live NBA. Action from the
NBA playoffs, a best-of-seven elimination
tournament among the season’s 16 best
teams. The two winners (one from each
conference) will go on to contest the
finals 3.30-4.00am ESPN Soccer Stories
Sky One
SKY 106 VIRGIN 110
NCIS: Los Angeles
pm Hawaii Five-0
Hawaii Five-0
NCIS: Los Angeles
Stargate SG-1
The Simpsons
The Simpsons
The Flash
The Blacklist
The Late Late Show with
James Corden: Best of the
The Force: North-East
Air Ambulance ER
am Brit Cops: War on Crime
NCIS: Los Angeles
- 4.00am NCIS: Los Angeles
Noon Mega Transports 1.00pm Pawn
Stars 2.00 American Pickers 3.00
Counting Cars 4.00 Storage Wars 5.00
Pawn Stars 6.00 Forged in Fire 7.00
American Pickers 8.00 Storage Wars
8.30 Pawn Stars 9.00 Martin Luther
King – Marked Man 10.00 JFK
Declassified: The New Files 11.00
Monsterquest 12.00 The Curse of Oak
Island 1.00am Storage Wars 1.30 Pawn
Stars 2.00 Homicide Hunter 3.004.00am Ancient Aliens
Sky Arts
Noon The Sixties 1.00pm Discovering:
Marlene Dietrich 2.00 Watercolour
Challenge 2.30 Landscape Artist of the
Year 2015 3.30 Tales of the Unexpected
4.00 Trailblazers: Progressive Rock 5.00
The Sixties 6.00 Discovering: Grace Kelly
7.00 The Nineties 8.00 Portrait Artist of
the Year 2017 9.00 Tate Britain’s
Great Art Walks See What to watch
10.00 Dying Laughing 11.40 Tate
Britain’s Great Art Walks 12.40am
Monty Python’s Personal Best 1.55
Psychob*****s 2.25-4.20am We
Remember Marilyn
Sky Cinema Premiere
24 hours, including at:
6.00pm Growing Up Smith (2015)
Sky Atlantic
SKY 108
FV 15 FS 300 SKY 315 VIRGIN 428
pm Without a Trace
Blue Bloods
The West Wing
CSI: Crime Scene
Blue Bloods
Here and Now
The Circus
Our Cartoon President
am Our Cartoon President
The Sopranos
Rampage: Special
High Maintenance
- 4.00am Animals
Premiere. Comedy starring Jason Lee
8.00 The House (2017) Comedy starring
Will Ferrell and Amy Poehler 9.35 Alien:
Covenant (2017) Sci-fi thriller starring
Katherine Waterston 11.40 Batman: The
Killing Joke (2016) Animated comic-book
thriller with the voices of Kevin Conroy
and Mark Hamill 1.10am Wilson (2017)
Comedy drama starring Woody Harrelson
3.00-5.10am Maudie (2016) Romantic
drama starring Sally Hawkins
PBS America
11.50am Last Heroes of D-Day 12.55pm
Memories of D-Day 1.55 1945: The Year
that Changed the World 2.55 Ocean Vet
4.00 Last Heroes of D-Day 5.00
Memories of D-Day 6.05 1945: The Year
that Changed the World 7.10 Ocean Vet
8.05 1945: The Year that Changed the
World 9.00 Last Heroes of D-Day 10.15
Hitler My Neighbour 11.25 1945: The
Year that Changed the World 12.25am
Last Heroes of D-Day 1.30 Jet Set 2.006.00am Teleshopping
24 hours, including at:
5.40pm Raintree County (1957)
Romantic drama starring Elizabeth Taylor
9.00 Escape from LA (1996) Renegade
Snake Plissken pursues the president’s
daughter, who has joined a revolutionary
group. Action sequel, starring Kurt
11.00 am Lord Jim (1964)
Adventure with Peter O’Toole
2.05 pm Angel and the Badman
(1947, b/w) Western with
John Wayne See Film choice
4.10 Voyage to the Bottom of the
Sea (1961) Sci-fi adventure
starring Walter Pidgeon
6.25 The Book Thief (2013)
Drama starring Sophie
Nelisse See Film choice
9.00 Transporter 2 (2005) Action
starring Jason Statham
10.40 Shutter Island (2010) Thriller
with Leonardo DiCaprio
1.20 - 3.50am Spirited Away
(2001) Animated fantasy
with the voice of Rumi
Russell and Pam Grier 11.05 Blade
(1998) Action thriller starring Wesley
Snipes 1.30am Conspiracy Theory with
Jesse Ventura 3.30-5.30am Hollywood’s
Best Film Directors
11.15am You Rang, M’Lord? 12.20pm
The Green Green Grass 1.00 As Time
Goes By 1.40 Waiting for God 2.20 Only
Fools and Horses 3.00 Last of the
Summer Wine 5.00 The Green Green
Grass 5.40 As Time Goes By 6.20 Dad’s
Army 7.00 You Rang, M’Lord? 8.00 Dad’s
Army 8.40 Only Fools and Horses 9.20
Mrs Brown’s Boys 10.00 Bridget &
Eamon 10.35 Live at the Apollo 11.40
The Fast Show 12.20am Bridget &
Eamon 12.55 Shooting Stars 1.35 Live
at the Apollo 2.30 Shooting Stars 3.004.00am Vic Reeves Big Night Out
Vintage TV
11.00am Tuesday Tunes 1.00pm My
Mixtape 2.00 Defining Decades 5.00
Tune In… To 1978 6.00 Tune In… To
1984 7.00 Tune In… To 1987 8.00
Frida Sundemo At Electric Dreams 8.30
Sounds Industrial 9.00 Amp It Up!
10.00 Drumstick Legends 10.30 NHP
with Ian Paice 11.00 ‘70s Pub Crawl
11.30 Plectrums and Pickups 12.30am
The Night Shift 3.00-6.00am Neil
McCormick’s Needle Time
 This adaptation of SE Hinton’s
coming-of-age novel features a
veritable galaxy of up-and-coming
Brat Pack stars. Matt Dillon, Rob Lowe,
Patrick Swayze, Emilio Estevez, Tom
Cruise, and Ralph Macchio play the
members of a rural gang whose rivalry
with another gang turns deadly.
Despite the realism of the source
material, director Francis Ford Coppola
takes an overly stylised approach to
what should be a grittier film.
Tuesday 17 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Weather and crosswords
Nature notes
Patrols help toads
to cross the road
A record number of toads have been
helped across a busy road in
Herefordshire this year thanks to a
dedicated team of volunteers.
A total of 1,012 creatures were
moved across the road to Bodenham
Lake Nature Reserve between
February and April in an effort to
prevent them from being run over.
Every year, the toads cross the lane
from where they have spent the winter
in the woodland to reach the lake
where they mate and spawn. Toads
instinctively head to the same ponds
and lakes each spring.
As the roads which these routes
cross become busier each year, the
toads find themselves in mortal
To prevent roadkill, Herefordshire
Wildlife Trust set up the Go Toads
project in 2016, with annual Toad
Patrols. This year twice as many toads
were helped to the lake than in 2017.
Samantha Herbert
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