FINAL Tuesday 17 April 2018 telegraph.co.uk No 50,669 £ 1.80 ‘I do’ (take two) Why weddings are getting bigger second time around m Hague William n will Corbyn never defend berty our liberty Un United turmoil Mo Mourinho ready to axe Pogba an and Sanchez Living & Features, page 19 Comment, page 16 Sport, pages p 2-3 B R I TA I N ’ S B E S T - S E L L I N G Q U A L I T Y D A I LY business Wetherspoon deletes itself from social media JD Wetherspoon, the pub chain, has removed itself from social media to escape the bad publicity of trolls and to address concerns over internet addiction. The company closed its Twitter and Facebook accounts, which had 44,000 and 100,000 followers, as well as its Instagram feed, for all of its 900 pubs and head office. Tim Martin, the pub chain’s chairman, said it was “going against conventional wisdom” that social media was vital for success. Business, pages 1 & 4 news Trainee lawyers lose points for visible briefs Female trainee barristers have been told they will lose points in their exams if their skirts are too short or their bras are on show – and men are warned not to wear colourful socks. Guidance given to students at BPP University in London sets out point deductions for “offences of professional conduct” during their advocacy assessment, including “too much shirt undone”, or wearing “kinky boots”. Lawyers said the guidance highlighted how “prescriptive” the legal profession was. Page 7 features Can’t stand the meat? Time for Millennial cooks to get their hands dirty Page 21 world Trump supporters hit back at Comey Trump supporters have claimed that James Comey, the sacked FBI director, has a “God complex” and is politically biased after he declared the president “morally unfit” for office. Donald Trump’s allies criticised Mr Comey after his interview with ABC News led to a string of damaging headlines. Page 14 Puzzles Obituaries TV listings Weather ISSN-0307-1235 9 *ujöeöu#yxc,xb* ÊÁËÆ 18 27 29 30 Windrush migrants granted apology ‘Sorry’ Ant handed record drink-driving fine Rudd backs down as deportation row risks overshadowing Commonwealth meeting By Kate McCann, Robert Mendick and Hannah Furness THE Home Secretary last night apologised for the “appalling” treatment of Windrush migrants as the growing crisis over the issue threatened to overshadow the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting. Commonwealth migrants who were previously assured of their place in the UK have been threatened with deportation, sacked from their jobs and denied access to health services after being unable to prove their status. It comes at a time when Britain is attempting to strengthen its relationships with the Commonwealth and expand trade links post Brexit. Last night critics pointed out that the Windrush generation of Caribbean immigrants, who have been here for half a century or more and helped Britain rebuild in the wake of the Second World War, were being denied rights that will be given to EU citizens after Brexit. Amber Rudd appeared to criticise Theresa May, her predecessor as home secretary, after she questioned the behaviour of the Home Office. The Prime Minister was in charge of the Home Office in 2012 when key protections for the Windrush generation – named after the first ship, Empire Windrush, that brought migrants to Britain from Jamaica in 1948 – were removed. Some have since been told they may have to leave, despite having spent the majority of their lives in Britain. Yesterday Mrs May was forced into an about-turn, hours into the Commonwealth summit, after previously saying she would not discuss the Windrush cases with heads of the assembled governments. She will now hold talks this week, as leaders prepare to decide whether the Queen should be replaced by the Prince of Wales as the head of the organisation. Ms Rudd was forced to apologise in the Commons, admitting some of the treatment of the Windrush generation had been “appalling” and denying anyone would be forced to leave. She announced a task force to help people prove their right to stay, hours after Caroline Nokes, her ministerial colleague, appeared to confirm some had already been sent back to their birth nations. Ms Rudd said she was “not aware” of any deportations but appealed to journalists and campaigners to come forward with evidence of forced removals if they had any. In an embarrassing day for the Home Office, Ms Rudd agreed with critics who said the Government should look again at the way it treated immigrants, amid claims that ministers were too focused on cutting numbers coming to the UK. She said her department had “become too concerned with policy and strategy, and sometimes loses sight of the individual”. Ms Rudd apologised to the Windrush migrants, stating: “Frankly, some of the ways they have been treated has been wrong, has been appalling and I am sorry.” Members of the Cabinet including Penny Mordaunt and Sajid Javid earlier Continued on Page 2 Floella Benjamin: Page 16 Editorial Comment: Page 17 BERETTA/SIMS/REX/SHUTTERSTOCK NEWS BRIEFING Ant McPartlin, one half of the television duo Ant and Dec, said he was ‘truly sorry’ for crashing his car while more than twice the drink-drive limit. The 42-year-old was fined £86,000 by a judge who said he had lost his former ‘exemplary’ character Report: Page 3 Labour MPs side with May over Syria attack By Gordon Rayner, Jack Maidment and Mason Boycott-Owen LABOUR MPs were cheered yesterday as they praised Theresa May for doing “the right thing” by bombing Syria, while Jeremy Corbyn was attacked from his back benches for turning a “blind eye” to those responsible for gassing children. The Labour leader was left isolated as his own MPs mocked him for criticising Mrs May for ordering airstrikes on Assad regime targets following a chemical weapons attack near Damas- cus. Mr Corbyn will today put pressure on the Government to seek the permission of MPs before future deployments of the Armed Forces after the Speaker granted his application for an emergency debate on “Parliament’s right in relation to the approval of military action by British forces overseas”. But Mrs May made it clear that she would bomb Syria again if it used chemical weapons and would not feel the need to seek Parliament’s permission to do so. Yesterday it emerged that Donald Trump favoured bombing Russian and Iranian targets in Syria using three times the firepower that was eventually deployed, before he was talked out of it by James Mattis, the US defence secretary. Meanwhile, GCHQ and the FBI disclosed that Russia had targeted the home internet networks of tens of thousands of British households, as well as probing the vulnerabilities of the country’s critical infrastructure including the Armed Forces, emergency services and power grid. Mrs May addressed Parliament for the first time since Saturday’s cruise missile strike on Assad regime targets, setting out her reasons for taking action before answering questions from 140 MPs. The Prime Minister received overwhelming support from her own party for acting swiftly against Syria without asking for permission from the Commons, but was criticised by Mr Corbyn and a handful of Tory MPs for deciding Continued on Page 4 William Hague: Page 16 Tim Stanley: Page 17 Editorial Comment: Page 17 ‘It’s only our very slow internet speeds that protect you from a Russian cyber attack’ 2 *** Tuesday 17 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph News Plastic-eating bacteria created by accident By Daily Telegraph Reporter A PLASTIC-EATING protein grown in a British laboratory could revolutionise recycling and prevent thousands of tons of non-biodegradable waste clogging up landfill sites and the oceans. The enzyme, created by accident by researchers from Portsmouth University, is the first known protein capable of digesting polyethylene, one of the most commonly used plastics for consumer goods. The breakthrough was made when tests were conducted on a naturally oc- curring bacteria found in a Japanese recycling centre, with the X-ray experiments causing it to mutate into a more powerful enzyme. Tests showed the lab-made mutant had a supercharged ability to break down polyethylene terephthalate (PET), one of the most popular forms of plastic employed by the food and drinks industry. Bottles made from PET are used to package 70 per cent of soft drinks, fruit juices and mineral waters sold in shops and supermarkets, according to the British Plastics Federation. Although it is said to be highly recyclable, dis- carded PET persists for hundreds of years before it degrades. The research sprang from the discovery that bacteria in a Japanese waste recycling centre had evolved the ability to feed on plastic, using a natural enzyme called PETase to digest bottles and containers. It was while probing the bacteria’s molecular structure that the British team inadvertently created a powerful new version. Prof John McGeehan, the project’s lead scientist at the University of Portsmouth, said: “Serendipity often plays a significant role in fundamental scien- tific research, and our discovery here is no exception. Although the improvement is modest, this unanticipated discovery suggests that there is room to further improve these enzymes, moving us closer to a recycling solution for the ever-growing mountain of discarded plastics. “The technology exists and it’s well within the possibility that in the coming years we will see an industrially viable process to turn PET and potentially other (plastic) substrates back to their original building blocks, so that they can be sustainably recycled.” Working with US colleagues, the Portsmouth scientists subjected the bacteria to intense X-ray beams at the Diamond Light Source synchrotron facility in Harwell, Oxfordshire. Prof McGeehan, director of the Institute of Biological and Biomedical Sciences at Portsmouth, added: “The scientific community who ultimately created these ‘wonder-materials’ must now use all the technology at their disposal to develop real solutions.” The findings are reported in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Caribbean nations brand Windrush crisis ‘shameful’ Michael’s ordeal ‘I felt so alienated’ Continued from Page 1 openly criticised Home Office actions. Meanwhile, Lord Boateng, the Labour peer, told the House of Lords: “These were children. They did not come here of their own volition. They came here because their parents were here.” David Lammy, the Labour MP, said it was “inhumane and cruel” for so many in the Windrush generation “to have suffered so long in this condition”. There was also criticism from Caribbean nations. The High Commission for St Vincent and the Grenadines labelled the Home Office’s actions “shameful efforts”. Guy Hewitt, the Barbados high commissioner, told the BBC: “Because they came from colonies which were not independent, they thought they were British subjects.” Under the 1971 Immigration Act, enacted in 1973, all Commonwealth citizens living in the UK were given indefinite leave to remain. However, the Home Office did not keep a record of those granted leave to remain or issue paperwork confirming it, meaning it is difficult for the individuals to now prove they are in the UK legally. Changes which took place under Mrs May in 2012, designed to curb immigration and remove illegal migrants, further complicated matters by requiring landlords, employers and the NHS to confirm anyone who was not born in the UK had the right to stay. The Home Office claimed the changes would not affect the Windrush generation. However, many are older or the children of people who have since died and have struggled to prove their right to remain. This has led to some being sent to deportation centres and only saved from forced removal by campaigners. Chai Patel, legal policy director with the Joint Council for the Welfare of Immigrants, said: “Theresa May made all of us into border guards. The modern UK is an immigration enforcement state where landlords, doctors, nurses, police, even the Department of Education all work with the Home Office to target migrants.” He added that the system being put in place for EU citizens wanting to make Britain their home was much more flexible than the one currently being used to determine whether the Windrush generation could stay in the UK. It will mean that EU citizens not currently living in the UK but who move here on the day before Brexit will find it easier to stay than members of the Windrush generation who have been in the UK for 50 years or more. It came as a Home Office manual for deported Jamaican nationals emerged, including advice to prevent suicidal thoughts and a section telling people to “act Jamaican” in order to fit in. A Home Office spokesman said the manual had since been updated and was not sent to Windrush migrants, only people found to be in the UK illegally. Yesterday, a spokesman for the Prime Minister said the UK supported the Prince of Wales for the role as head of the Commonwealth, adding: “He has been a proud supporter of the Commonwealth for more than four decades and has spoken passionately about the organisation’s unique diversity.” JOHN NGUYEN FOR THE TELEGRAPH Amber Rudd, the Home Secretary, was forced to apologise for the treatment of some of the Windrush generation An unknkown future: the Windrush generation, named after the Empire Windrush, the ship that brought migrants to Britain from Jamaica ‘I felt like I didn’t exist’ Grandmother told to leave Paulette Wilson had lived in Britain for 50 years when, last October, she was taken to an immigration detention centre at Yarl’s Wood and then to a removal centre at Heathrow. Only a last-minute intervention by her MP and a charity prevented the 61-year-old grandmother being put on a flight to Jamaica, a country she left when she was 10 and had not visited since. In 2015, she was sent a Home Office letter telling her she was an illegal immigrant. “I felt like I didn’t exist,” she said. “I wondered what was going to happen to me. All I did was cry, thinking of my daughter and granddaughter; thinking that I wasn’t going to see them again.” Police raid Painter nearly deported by force Anthony Bryan, 60, a painter and decorator, who has lived in London since arriving in the UK on his brother’s passport in 1965, lost his job after receiving a letter informing him he was illegally living in the UK. Mr Bryan was threatened with deportation. Police raided his home last November and tried to put him on a flight to Jamaica. The Home Office now acknowledges he is living in the UK legally. Michael Braithwaite, 66, was nine when he moved to Britain from Barbados in 1961 and his three children and six grandchildren were all born in the UK. For the past 15 years, he worked as a special needs teaching assistant at a London school. But 18 months ago, he lost his job after being unable to prove he had a right to stay in the UK. “It has been so traumatic,” he said. “The Home Office wanted records that just didn’t exist. I felt alienated. I needed a biometric card to stay in my job but they wouldn’t give me one.” But the media attention on his case appears to have worked – the Home Office has now issued a biometric card. ‘I’ve paid my dues’ Ex-NHS worker forced out of his job Renford McIntyre, 64, lost his job and his home because he did not possess the documents needed to prove he was living legally in the UK. He now sleeps on a sofa in an industrial unit in Dudley. Mr McIntyre, who came to the UK in 1968 at the age of 14, was caught out by the rule changes despite having worked in the NHS and as a delivery driver, having paid his taxes for 48 years. He was forced out of work because of his illegal status and the local authority informed him he was no longer eligible for housing support. “I can’t tell you how angry and bitter it makes me feel,” he told The Guardian. “I’ve worked hard all my life, I’ve paid into the system.” Emigrating Britons shun EU May pledge for girls’ schools By Olivia Rudgard SOCIAL AFFAIRS CORRESPONDENT BRITISH expats are the least likely of any EU migrants to move to another European Union country, according to Office for National Statistics (ONS) data. Just over one in four UK-born emigrants moved within the EU, including Ireland, compared to almost half of French expats and 44 per cent of German-born emigrants. UK citizens who opted to live abroad were more likely to settle in the Commonwealth, with the most popular des- tinations, Australia and New Zealand, chosen by one in three, the ONS data from 2017 shows. The next-most common choices were the US and Canada, where 28 per cent of British migrants settled, with the EU coming in third. Just over five per cent went to Asian countries and 2.5 per cent to Africa. There were almost five million UKborn people living abroad last year. Most British people in Europe were of working age, with only one in four aged 65 and over. Spain was most popular, taking in 37 per cent of those Britons who did move within the EU. THE UK is to pledge £212 million to help one million girls in developing Commonwealth nations stay in school for longer, Theresa May is to announce. The Prime Minister will pledge cash with the aim of helping children spend 12 years in school when she gives a speech at the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting in London today. She is also expected to ask the bloc’s leaders to work to halve malaria infection rates by 2023. Mrs May is due to say that the 12-year figure agreed by experts as the length of time children should be schooled to reach their full potential should be the “the goal for all our members”. She will say: “Across the Commonwealth, tens of millions of young people – usually but not always girls – are denied the education that would allow them to get on in life.” Mrs May is also due to set her sights on malaria. She will say: “The UK remains committed to its five-year pledge, made in 2016, to spend half a billion pounds a year tackling malaria. “This year, that figure includes £100 million that will be match-funded by partners in the private sector.” NEWS BULLETIN Two more knife murders bring London toll to 59 Two people have been stabbed to death in separate incidents, just 40 minutes apart, taking the number of murders in the capital for 2018 to 59. A man, said to be in his 20s, was knifed in Colindale, north London, just before 6pm on Sunday. He was taken to a hospital but died later in the evening. A woman, also in her 20s, has been arrested on suspicion of murder. In the second incident, police said a woman aged in her 30s was stabbed to death in Brixton, south London, shortly after 6.30pm on Sunday. A man, said to be in his 20s, has been arrested on suspicion of murder. In each case, it is believed the victim and suspect were known to each other. CPS drops separate rape charges against pair Prosecutors have dropped rape charges against two men who were accused of separate attacks on a 14-year-old, one in a secluded area of a railway station, the second in a vehicle that she had flagged down for help in a nearby street in Birmingham last July. The CPS said the charges were discontinued against Khurram Rahi, 27, from Smethwick, Staffs, and Mohammed Ismaeel, 23, from Witton, Birmingham, after the consideration of new evidence. A CPS spokesman said: “As a result of new evidence, it was determined that it no longer met the evidential test in the Code for Crown Prosecutors and we decided to discontinue the case.” World Cup tickets on sale online at 40 times value Tickets for the Fifa World Cup have been illicitly advertised for almost 40 times their face value on secondary seller websites, according to a consumer rights group. Tickets were on sale in March for as much as £5,618 each across five separate sites, according to Which? A pair of top tickets for the England v Tunisia match were on sale for between £480 and £11,237 despite being advertised for £296 on Fifa’s website, Which? said. Fans risk being denied entry to games if they bought tickets through a third party, Fifa said. City broker convicted of assault on wife and lover A broker in the City denied beating his wife to the ground and told a court he mistook a love rival for a burglar. Fergus Clarkson, 30, arrived at his £1.1 million matrimonial home in Silverton Road, Fulham, south-west London, to find his wife, Rebecca, with her lover Thomas Slattery. Mrs Clarkson told jurors that the pair were then set upon by Clarkson. Presiding district judge Nicholas Wattam convicted Clarkson of two counts of assault. He was granted conditional bail. Sentencing will take place on April 26. Anger as McVey defends benefits ‘rape clause’ Esther McVey defended a child benefit system “rape clause”, claiming that it gave women “an opportunity to talk”. Victims of abusive relationships or rapes must disclose details of their trauma if they want to claim child tax credits for more than two children. The Work and Pensions Secretary faced criticism last night after she told a Scottish Parliament committee that the requirement would offer rape victims “potentially double support”. Jess Phillips, the Labour MP, said her comments showed “how ignorant she is of the issue of sexual violence”. is a member of the Independent Press Standards Organisation (IPSO) and we subscribe to its Editors’ Code of Practice. If you have a complaint about editorial content, please visit www.telegraph. co.uk/editorialcomplaints or write to ‘Editorial Complaints’ at our postal address (see below). If you are not satisfied with our response, you may appeal to IPSO at www.ipso.co.uk. The Daily Telegraph, 111 Buckingham Palace Road, London, SW1W 0DT *** The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 17 April 2018 3 News £130,000-a-week TV star ‘mortified’ after crashing his car following relapse from alcohol treatment By Hayley Dixon and Danny Boyle ANT McPARTLIN has been ordered to pay what is believed to be Britain’s biggest ever drink-drive fine after he was found to be more than double the legal limit after a car crash. The 42-year-old television presenter, who earns £130,000 a week, said that he was “truly sorry” after he was fined £86,000 and banned from driving for 20 months. McPartlin looked gaunt in the dock as the judge explained that up until 2015 the maximum fine had been £5,000, but the law had been changed so that it reflected a person’s earnings. Wimbledon magistrates’ court heard that the star had been struggling with the breakdown of his 11-year marriage and had been seeking help for “alcohol and emotional issues” when he had a relapse and got behind the wheel. With his mother in the passenger seat, McPartlin – one half of the entertainment duo Ant and Dec – took a corner in Mortlake, south-west London, “like a rocket” and lost control, crashing into two oncoming vehicles. The mother driving one of the vehicles described how her son was crying out “I’m dying mummy, I’m dying” after the crash at 3.50pm on March 18. The BMW driver, named only as Dr Ng, said in a statement: “Although he was physically fine, he was clearly in shock. As there was no movement from the driver of the black Mini I thought he might have died.” Faheem Vanoo, a restaurant owner driving the Mini Cooper car which was the first to be struck, said he swerved to avoid a head-on collision but was still “hit with considerable force”. He said: “My family were in considerable shock and believe if I had not taken evasive action we could have died as a result of Mr McPartlin’s reckless driving.” McPartlin’s mother, Christine, was unaware that he had had a relapse before getting into his Mini, it was said. In a statement to police McPartlin said: “I’m ashamed and mortified that it happened and I fully accept what I did and I wish to apologise to all concerned. I accept by being in the public eye, higher levels of behaviour are expected of me. I’m incredibly disappointed I have let myself and many others down with my actions. “I’m addressing what I recognise are JULIAN SIMMONDS FOR THE DAILY TELEGRAPH Drink-driving Ant McPartlin given record £86,000 fine Ant McPartlin left court, above, looking gaunt. He was arrested after crashing his black Mini, right, into two other vehicles in Mortlake, southwest London, on March 18 Brandreth raps hip-hop party line-up for Queen By Anita Singh ARTS AND ENTERTAINMENT EDITOR A BIOGRAPHER of the Queen has questioned whether the rappers and pop stars booked for her birthday concert are the most fitting performers for a monarch in her nineties. The Queen’s Birthday Party will take place at the Royal Albert Hall this Saturday, and will be broadcast live on the BBC. The line-up of performers from Commonwealth countries includes Tom Jones, Kylie Minogue, Craig David and Shaggy. Gyles Brandreth, the broadcaster and author of Philip and Elizabeth: Portrait of a Marriage, asked: “Is this really the birthday treat to offer the nation’s greatest national treasure as she embarks on her 93rd extraordinary year?” Jones is representing Wales, Minogue is Australian, Shaggy – known for hits such as Boombastic – is Jamaican, and David hails from Southampton. Writing in the Radio The Queen may have chosen to ‘get down with the kids’, says Gyles Brandreth Times, Brandreth said: “British rapper Craig David’s repertoire includes R&B, garage and hip hop, which are not known for being the Queen’s favourite musical genres. (Perhaps he will give them some hip hop to cele- brate Prince Philip’s hip op?)” The Queen’s musical tastes hark back to the Forties, Brandreth said, with George Formby a particular favourite. The event will feature a ukulele ensemble number by members of The George Formby Society. However, it will also include a duet from Shaggy and Sting, Tom Jones belting out classics from the Sixties, and Craig David presenting a medley of his hits. “This is supposed to be the Queen’s birthday treat. It’s always possible that, encouraged by Harry, and with great-grandchildren popping out all over the place, she has chosen to get down with the kids. “If not, give her a George Formby singalong by all means, but spare her Shaggy,” Brandreth said. In tomorrow’s Fashion section Isabel Spearman Staple blazers for every working wardrobe We will have to rebuild public trust, regulator tells charities By Hayley Dixon THE recent scandals surrounding charities mean that the public is now no more likely to trust them than a “stranger in the street”, the head of the regulator has said. Baroness Stowell of Beeston, the chairman of the Charity Commission, said charities could no longer expect to receive the “benefit of the doubt” because the public had “evidence to prove their suspicions”. Picking out the sex scandal that rocked the sector earlier this year after Oxfam aid workers were found to have been using prostitutes, as well as complaints over the high salaries paid to charity leaders, she said that people were “appalled” and felt “betrayed”. Addressing the National Council for Voluntary Organisations’ annual conference in London, Lady Stowell admitted that “we have a problem” because some charities registered with the commission “are no longer trusted automatically by the public”. “That means all charities can no longer expect the public to give them the benefit of the doubt,” she said. “That’s not just my opinion. It’s the conclusion of extensive, independent research, the latest of which is under way right now and will be published later this year. I have seen some early findings. And they are sobering. They show that people now trust charities no more than they trust the average stranger they meet on the street.” The research, in its early stages, is the commission’s own biannual review. The latest figures, from 2016, show that the overall level of trust and confidence in charities had already fallen to an all-time low. She said that the sector now needed to work hard to rebuild trust by being crystal clear about its aims. “Yes, we have a problem. But I am confident that we also have the solution,” she concluded. problems with alcohol and I am seeking specialist help.” McPartlin, who lives in Chiswick, west London, admitted a single charge of drink driving which stated that he was more than double the legal limit with 75 microgrammes of alcohol in 100 millilitres of breath. Sentencing him, District Judge Barbara Barnes told him his behaviour had left fans disappointed and stripped him of his former “exemplary” character. Alongside the £86,000 fine he was also told to pay £255 in costs. In 2016, the footballer Yaya Toure was given what was believed to be the biggest ever fine for drink-driving then of £54,000 – one week’s wages – and banned from driving for 18 months. Speaking after the hearing, McPartlin said: “I’m truly sorry for what happened. High standards are expected of me, I expect them of myself. I’ve let myself down, I let a lot of people down. And for that I am truly sorry. I’d like to apologise to everybody involved in the crash and I’m just thankful no one was seriously hurt.” 4 FINAL Tuesday 17 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph Syria strikes Trump considered attack on Russian President was persuaded to drop more robust option over fears it could have escalated Syrian conflict By Nick Allen WASHINGTON EDITOR DONALD TRUMP reportedly considered a strike three times bigger than the one actually launched on Syria, potentially including targeting Russian air defence systems, but was dissuaded by James Mattis, his defence secretary. The Pentagon presented Mr Trump with three options for how to respond to the chemical attack by the Syrian regime in Douma on April 7. A first, and most cautious, option consisted of a limited strike on Syrian chemical weapons facilities, while a second also included military command posts. The third option would have devastated Bashar al-Assad militarily and could have targeted Syrian-based Russian air defence capabilities as part of that, according to a report in The Wall Street Journal. Such a strike would have been three times the size of the military action that was eventually carried out – by the US, UK and France in the early hours of last Saturday – in which a total of 105 missiles were launched at Syrian targets. Over several days of intense plan- ning meetings with his top national security advisers last week, Mr Trump was said to have asked about hitting both Russian and Iranian targets if that was required to hurt Assad militarily, The Wall Street Journal reported. He and Nikki Haley, the US Ambassador to the United Nations, were said to have been pushing for a more robust strike. However, having laid out the three options Mr Mattis, according to the report, urged caution and suggested the third one could lead to an escalation by Russia or Iran. The strike that ultimately happened reportedly drew from the first two options. That decision was seen as confirmation of the elevated standing of Mr Mattis within the US administration. Asked whether Mr Trump had been pushing for proposals that included hitting Russian and Iranian targets in Syria, Sarah Huckabee Sanders, the White House press secretary, said “a number of options” had been, and still remain, on the table. She said: “We’re not going to get into any other options that were on the table. We’re going to continue to keep a number of options on the table if Syria and Russia and Iran don’t show to be better actors in this process.” Meanwhile, Mr Trump dismissed claims by Syria and Russia that some US missiles were shot down. He said: “We had well over 100 missiles. They didn’t shoot one down. Their equipment didn’t work too well … every one [of ours] hit its target, not one shot down.” The three Syrian targets ultimately chosen were involved in the “research, development and deployment” of chemical weapons, the Pentagon said. One was a scientific facility near Damascus and the other two were chemical weapons storage sites near Homs, one of which had been used as a military command post. Syrian air defences responded to a missile attack over Homs which targeted Shayrat air base late on Monday night, according to Syrian state television. It also claimed that the missiles were shot down by the country’s air defences. The Syrian state television report did not, however, specify who may have fired the missiles. Israel carried out airstrikes in the same area last week. In a separate development, the White House yesterday appeared to row back from imminent Russia sanctions announced at the weekend by Ms Haley. Ms Sanders said: “We are considering additional sanctions on Russia and a decision will be made in the near future.” That statement came as The Washington Post reported that Mr Trump had felt “misled” into expelling 60 Russian diplomats over the Salisbury spy poisoning. He was reportedly furious Five-year-old Aseenat, left, whose father, Tariq al-Raz, returned from looking for food to find she had been shot in the head; Syrian police, right, drive down a destroyed street in Douma yesterday By Raf Sanchez, Said Ghazali and Will Horner TARIQ AL-RAZ was out trying to find biscuits for his five-year-old daughter when he heard news of the attack. Damascus regime forces and their Shia militia allies were assaulting a rural area near Homs, not far from where his wife and two children were waiting for him to return to their oneroom house. Mr Raz borrowed a neighbour’s motorcycle and raced back to his home. He found his wife standing in a field with the body of Aseenat, their daughter, in her arms, the little girl’s brown hair matted with blood. Aseenat was killed just one hour’s drive from where RAF warplanes had blown up one of President Bashar alAssad’s chemical weapons sites on Saturday morning. She died 36 hours after the Tornado GR4s struck their target and returned to their base in Cyprus. “The British strikes did nothing to save my daughter,” Mr Raz told The Daily Telegraph. “I am living in a nightmare and I keep hoping I will wake up.” His daughter’s death is an illustration of how little the weekend’s strikes have done to slow the merciless gears of the war. Within hours of the West’s attacks, Syrian and Russian aircraft were back in the skies and the regime’s ground forces were again on the march. “This goes to show that strikes have had no effect on the civil war and that wasn’t their purpose to begin with,” said Michael Horowitz, a senior analyst at the Le Beck geopolitical consultancy. Last week, the regime captured the Damascus suburb of Ghouta, including the Douma neighbourhood where 70 people were killed in a suspected chemical attack. Assad’s forces now appear to have their sights on a swathe of rebel-held countryside near Homs. They have captured several villages since resuming their offensive on Sunday. Aseenat, her parents and Fadi, her younger brother, had been living in this opposition-held pocket for the past five years, hoping the war would one day end and Assad would be toppled. Mr Raz, 30, was a farmer before the war but now does odd jobs to try to feed his family. He said that Aseenat had pleaded with him to go and find biscuits on Sunday afternoon. While he was searching, word began to spread that regime forces were closing in. “She was shot in the head. The blood was flowing from her head and it covered her face and her hair,” Mr Raz said. He cradled her in his arms and climbed on to a neighbour’s motorcycle as they drove frantically to the Zafarana hospital six miles away. Medics tried to resuscitate her without success and, in the end, they could do nothing more than remove the heavy machine-gun round that had lodged in her jaw. Mohammed Berjawi, a nurse, said: “This is a crime against humanity.” LOUAI BESHARA/AFP/GETTY IMAGES ‘British airstrikes did not save my daughter’ Corbyn still keeping his miracle solution secret Sketch h By Michael Deacon O n the whole, it was probably a bit late to call for a vote on the weekend’s airstrikes on Syria – missiles are notoriously difficult to unfire – but yesterday, MPs did at least get to question the Prime Minister on her decision. In a statement to the Commons, Theresa May explained no fewer than five times that the strikes had been designed solely to degrade President Assad’s chemical weapons capability, nothing more. Another five times, she said that Russia was blocking UN attempts to carry out a proper investigation in Syria. Perhaps she was hoping that, if she repeated the message enough times, it would eventually get through to Jeremy Corbyn. If so, she was wasting her breath. First, the Labour leader said Mrs May should be accountable to Parliament, not “the whims of the US president” (Tories cried “Shame!”; Mrs May rolled her eyes). Most of Mr Corbyn’s reply, though, was spent telling Mrs May that she could bring about “an immediate ceasefire” in Syria if only she would use “diplomatic means”. She should, he sniffed, “take a diplomatic lead… embark on a renewed diplomatic effort… This means engaging…” For some reason, however, Mr Corbyn did not reveal what exactly these miraculous “diplomatic means” were. Which was a shame, because no doubt Mrs May – and the diplomats involved in the many previous failed rounds of peace talks – would have been eager to hear them. As has become traditional in debates about foreign policy, some of the strongest criticisms of Mr Corbyn came from his own MPs. “Would the Prime Minister agree,” scowled Chris Leslie (Lab, Nottingham East), “that those who would turn a blind eye, who would do nothing in pursuit of some ‘moral high ground’” – the words dripped with disdain – “should also be held accountable?” Tories roared their approval. Mr Corbyn stared long-sufferingly into the middle distance. Mike Gapes (Lab, Ilford South) sought to remind “the Right Honourable member for Islington North” – in other words, his leader – that Labour had “a long-standing and noble tradition of supporting humanitarian intervention”. Again Tories roared. Mr Corbyn could be seen scribbling furiously in a notebook. What he’d written, I’m afraid I couldn’t make out. (“To do: order Momentum to launch ‘humanitarian intervention’ against back benches.”) Still, at least one MP leapt to Mr Corbyn’s side. Laura Smith (Lab, Crewe & Nantwich) snorted that Mrs May had only joined in the air strikes because Donald Trump had “instructed” her to. The look on Mrs May’s face. She stood up, fixed Ms Smith with an unblinking glare… and said nothing. For 10 whole seconds. Just glared. Her eyes blazed with fury. At long last, she spoke. “I took this decision,” she said, slowly and icily, “because I thought it was the right thing to do.” The sheer, burning hostility. If we hadn’t had a master peacekeeper like Mr Corbyn in the room, I’d have been genuinely worried. MPs turn on Corbyn as May vows to end chemical threat Continued from Page 1 not to recall Parliament to debate the issue last week. Asked if she would do the same again if Syria committed further outrages, an unrepentant Mrs May said: “Nobody should be in any doubt of our resolve to ensure that we cannot see a situation where the use of chemical weapons is normalised… “I set out the basis on which we took this decision and I recognise the importance of Parliament but it’s also important that the Government is able to act, and there will always be circumstances in which it is important to act without that debate having taken place in Parliament.” Mr Corbyn was greeted with angry shouts of “shame!” when he told MPs: “The Prime Minister is accountable to this Parliament, not to the whims of the US president.” He once again sug- gested that Assad might be innocent of the chemical attack as “other groups” could have carried it out, and said the airstrikes were “legally questionable”. Chris Leslie, the Labour MP, took issue with Mr Corbyn’s non-interventionist stance, telling the Commons: “Intervening to save civilians from future gas attacks, while not without risk, was absolutely the right thing to do.” A number of Labour MPs, including Richard Burgon, the shadow justice secretary, attended a demonstration in Westminster last night at which activists were seen waving Baathist flags and pro-Assad banners. The far-Left protest was also attended by Corbyn allies Chris Williamson and Emma Dent Coad. In a speech to the rally, Mr Williamson suggested that there was no evidence for a chemical attack in Syria and that Assad had no motive for conducting one. FINAL The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 17 April 2018 targets ‘They didn’t shoot one down. Their equipment didn’t work too well … every one [of ours] hit its target, not one shot down’ when he discovered Germany and France were expelling only a handful of Russians, and was surprised that the US was matching the total EU figure. The paper quoted a source saying “a lot of curse words” were used by the president. It also reported that Mr Trump pushed backed against Theresa May when asked to act over the phone. “Why are you asking me to do this,” he reportedly asked the Prime Minister over expulsions. “What’s Germany going to do? What about France?” The White House declined to directly deny Mr Trump was unhappy over the expulsions. A British source said they did not recognise the account of the phone call. Abbott defends her fake photo tweet By Kate McCann SENIOR POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT DIANE ABBOTT, the shadow home secretary, was caught up in a fake news row yesterday after she illustrated a tweet about Syria with a mocked-up image of an Israeli jet bombing Tehran. The picture, taken from an aviation blog published in 2012, shows an Israeli F-15 jet over the Iranian capital. Ms Abbott posted the image on Twitter in response to an interview with Penny Mordaunt, the International Development Secretary, on the Today programme on BBC Radio 4. Ms Abbott questioned her views on The mock-up of an Israeli air raid on Tehran, used on Twitter parliamentary democracy. After being asked by The Daily Telegraph for a comment, Ms Abbott tweeted: “Apparently, my use of this pic is ‘important news’. Yes, UK goes to war without UN approval or even parliamentary debate. But the most important news is what pics I use in a tweet. Pathetic.” 5 Moscow accused of spying on domestic internet use to prepare mass cyber raid Security services warn of threat to Britain’s ‘critical infrastructure’ posed by hackers ‘using our routers’ By Steven Swinford DEPUTY POLITICAL EDITOR and Margi Murphy RUSSIA is targeting the home internet networks of tens of thousands of households in Britain to spy on people’s private information and mount mass cyber attacks, GCHQ and the FBI have warned. The security services in both the UK and the US said that they were “confident” that Russia was hacking into “residential routers”, which people use to connect to the internet, providing them with a “tremendous weapon” against the West. In an extraordinary joint statement, GCHQ and the FBI also revealed that Russia was preparing to mount cyber attacks on Britain’s “critical infrastructure” including energy networks, the emergency services and the Armed Forces. Authorities in the US and the UK revealed that Russia had been probing the cyber defences to identify vulnerabilities that would “lay a foundation for future offensive operations”. They disclosed that routers could be hijacked, enabling them to monitor all internet activity including emails, browsing history and passwords. The National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC), the FBI and the department for homeland security in the US have warned that this “threatens our respective safety, security and economic wellbeing”. The security services yesterday issued a warning to government bodies, Russian forces in Douma, Syria – at a time when relations with the West are at a low ebb, security services warn Moscow may be plotting a cyber war large companies and “critical infrastructure providers” advising on ways that they could “mitigate” the threat posed by Russia. Rob Joyce, the White House’s cyber security coordinator, said: “We are pushing back hard. “Cyber activity must be stopped and opposed at every turn. “We are confident that Russia has carried out a coordinated campaign to gain access to enterprise, small office routers and residential routers – the kind of things you and I have in our homes. “We can’t rule out the possibility Russia may intend to use these set of compromises for future offensive operations.” Mr Joyce said that Russia was hacking into people’s home networks when the residents used default passwords or in some cases no passwords at all. The security services are increasingly concerned that Russia may be hacking into people’s home internet networks so they can hijack their computers and use them together as “botnets” to mount a mass cyber attack. Howard Marshall, the deputy assistant director at the cyber division of the FBI, said: “Once you own the router, you own the traffic. You include the ability to monitor all traffic. It is a tremendous weapon. “We will bring every tool to bear against them in every corner of cyberspace.” Ciaran Martin, head of the National Cyber Security Centre, which is part of GCHQ, said there was proof that Russia had been attempting to hack into Britain’s energy supply networks. He said that “millions” of devices including laptops and mobile phones were being targeted by Russia around the world. He said: “Many of the techniques used by Russia exploit basic weaknesses in network systems. “The NCSC is leading the way globally to issue advice and automate defences at scale to remove those basic attacks, thereby allowing us to focus on the most potent threats.” Security services have been tracking the activity of Russian hackers for over a year. The UK is working with America, its other allies and the technology industry to “expose Russia’s unacceptable cyber behaviour, so they are held accountable for their actions”, said Mr Martin. 6 ** Tuesday 17 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph News Scientists warn reducing official threshold could cause patients stress that increases hypertension By Laura Donnelly HealtH editor PROPOSALS to redefine “high blood pressure” and offer more patients medication could increase the risk of the condition, a report suggests. The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (Nice) is currently considering evidence that has led the US to change its advice, making millions more patients eligible for daily drugs to cut their heart attack risk. The criteria could mean almost half of Britons become eligible for drugs to reduce their blood pressure. But a report by the University of Sydney says such changes could put lives at risk – partly because a diagnosis of high blood pressure is likely to increase anxiety levels. Episodes of anxiety and stress can cause spikes in blood pressure. Other patients could see an increased risk from side-effects of medication, without a reduction in their risk of heart disease, the findings suggest. Currently, around seven million Britons whose blood pressure exceeds 140/90 are recommended to take medication, with higher limits set for patients over 80. The drugs, which cost the NHS as little as 10p a day, are normally recommended for patients deemed to have a 20 per cent risk of heart disease or stroke within the decade. But the guidelines published by the American Heart Association brings the systolic threshold down to 130/80, which is estimated to mean a 10 per cent chance of those same conditions occurring over the same period. The recommendations follow US trials that found that aggressively lowering the targets for blood pressure could reduce the risk of death among people over 50 by almost one quarter. Nice is considering the same evidence, alongside other trials, such as one by Oxford University which found similar benefits. The watchdog is due to publish its new advice next year. Medication includes ACE inhibitors, angiotensin-2 receptor blockers (ARBs), calcium channel blockers, diuretics and beta-blockers. Most patients take at least two types of pills, but more aggressive targets could increase the number of different drugs recommended. However, the latest study suggests other risks from a diagnosis of high blood pressure, and subsequent treatment, have not been properly considered. Dr Katy Bell said: “Labelling a person as having hypertension increases their risk of anxiety and depression, as compared to the risk for people with the same blood pressure who aren’t labelled as hypertensive. “Second, it means more people may experience serious adverse effects from treatments.” NORTH NEWS & PICTURES Lowering definition of high blood pressure ‘may make condition worse’ Catching the rays Spring blooms carpet the lawns around Alnwick Castle, Northumberland, ahead of the balmy weather predicted for Thursday. Forecasters expect it to be the hottest day of the year, with temperatures set to reach 25C (77F) in the South East. Weather: Page 30 Modern life is too unhealthy for pregnancy By Laura Donnelly MODERN unhealthy lifestyles are leaving women illprepared for pregnancy, research suggests. A study found that large numbers of young British women smoke, drink too much alcohol, are overweight or obese, and consume inadequate amounts of fruits and vegetables. Researchers said those 40 pc The proportion of women aged between 26 and 30 found to be overweight or obese hoping to conceive should adopt a healthy lifestyle years in advance. Writing in The Lancet, medics said the vast majority of women of reproductive age were not nutritionally prepared for pregnancy – putting the long-term health of their children at risk. The survey, conducted between 2008 and 2012, found that 40 per cent of women aged 26 to 30 were overweight or obese. Some 70 per cent of this age group ate fewer than five portions of fruit and vegetables per day. This was also true of 91 per cent of younger women aged 18 to 25. More than a third of women aged 26 to 30, and a third of those aged 18 to 25, were smokers, while 28 per cent of the younger age group consumed high-risk levels of alcohol. Researchers calculated the proportion of women of reproductive age who were nutritionally prepared for pregnancy, using data from 509 women of reproductive age in the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey. Some 96 per cent were found to have iron and folate dietary intakes below the recommendation for pregnancy. Such shortfalls can be tackled in less than a month. But lead authors from University College London said more longer-term efforts were needed to tackle soaring levels of obesity among parents-to-be. Prof Judith Stephenson, of University College London, the study’s lead author, said: “While the current focus on risk factors, such as smoking and excess alcohol intake, is important, we also need new drives to prepare nutritionally for pregnancy for both parents.” T-cells booster may stop cancer return By Henry Bodkin CANCER patients should be given thorough immunotherapy before surgery to remove tumours, a new trial in the United States suggests. A study on lung cancer patients found that activating the immune system can prompt tumours to spread friendly T-cells around the body, significantly reducing the chance of the cancer returning after surgery. Scientists have hailed the “cancer interception” strategy as a “game-changer” that could potentially halt the disease in its tracks. Teams are now setting out to trial the method on patients with blood, colon and ovarian cancer. Oncologists administered nivolumab, the immunotherapy drug, over several weeks to 21 patients with non-small-cell lung cancer prior to surgery. They found the approach was not only safe, but that 45 per cent of the patients responded so well there was little evidence of the cancer remaining upon follow-up examinations. Overall, recurrence-free survival at 18 months was 73 per cent compared with a 50 per cent current clinical average. Dr Sung Poblete, of Stand Up To Cancer, a US charity, said: “That T-cells, activated by immunotherapy prior to surgery, can intercept rogue tumour cells throughout the body and prevent the cancer from recurring may be a game-changer.” The study is published in the New England Journal of Medicine. NHS unions link rise in assaults to lack of staff ASSAULTS on NHS staff have risen, with unions blaming staff shortages for creating frustrated patients. Research for Unison revealed a near-10 per cent rise in physical assaults on health workers in England last year, with a 21 per cent increase at hospitals with an A&E department. There were 56,435 assaults in 2016-17 compared with 51,447 the previous year in NHS trusts that responded to a Freedom of Information request submitted by the Health Service Journal for the union. Trusts treating fewer patients within 18 weeks of referral saw the biggest increase. Sara Gorton, the Unison head of health, said: “Across the NHS, staff shortages are harming patient care and helping to create a hostile environment where health workers are increasingly at risk of being assaulted.” NHS England said: “It is completely unacceptable that any member of NHS staff should be assaulted physically or verbally.” *** The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 17 April 2018 News University’s tough penalties for student barristers who turn up to mock court dressed inappropriately By Olivia Rudgard SOCIAL AFFAIRS CORRESPONDENT FEMALE trainee barristers have been told they will lose points in their exams if their skirts are too short or their bras are on show. Guidance given to students taking the bar professional training course at BPP University in London sets out a schedule of point deductions for infringements including “too much shirt undone”, “short skirts (women)” and “colourful socks (men)”. The list of “offences of professional conduct” itemises the point penalties for students if they are not properly dressed during their advocacy assessment, a mock court situation which tests their knowledge of legal process and courtroom terms and behaviour. Colourful socks lose a male advocate a point, while wearing a skirt above the knee would cost a female two points, according to the list, which is given to students as part of an advocacy manual. The most costly infringement is for a female trainee whose bra is showing, resulting in the loss of three points, as would wearing boots with a short skirt. This outfit choice is “an inappropriate combination for court”, the guidance, leaked to the blog Legal Cheek, adds. The university is not the only one to warn students they could be penalised for their dress. The University of the West of England’s guidance says trainee barristers could lose two points for “unkempt hair” and five points for wearing trainers. Dana Denis-Smith, the founder of the First 100 Years project, which highlights women’s achievements in law, said the BPP guidance showed how “prescriptive” the legal profession is. “I still know women barristers who wouldn’t dare to go to court without wearing a skirt, even though we’ve had about 30 years of women being allowed to wear trousers. This whole courtroom environment remains quite old-fashioned,” she said. In one City law firm, she said, she knew of guidelines in the past for women dictating the colour of their tights, limiting them to thin beige styles and forbidding them from wearing thick opaque tights. “I don’t think it’s just the legal profession, I think it’s an issue around the professions,” she said. “What is the image of being ‘professional’? That needs to be redefined, but nobody is redefining it at the moment.” But, she added, the restrictions for men were equally limiting. “I felt equally bad about the men – I was thinking ‘wow you really are over the top’,” she added. “I think it’s meant to be almost more restrictive to drum home the point that justice is important, you’ve got to take it seriously.” Alongside barrister training, the law school trains solicitors for top firms including Allen & Overy, Herbert Smith Freehills and Clifford Chance. A spokesman said the list was “indicative guidance only to the sort of dress and behaviour which could adversely affect the advocate in court”. He added: “Our students dress conservatively and smartly for their advocacy classes and ... for the assessment, and this is good preparation for practice. It is exceptionally rare that any student is ever penalised in an assessment for any of the infringements listed. The list has not been revised for a long time, and will be reconsidered before the next publication.” Bench marks Penalty points u Top button of shirt undone (men) -2 u Too much shirt undone (women) -1 or -2 to -3 “if bra shows” u Short skirts (women) -2 u Colourful socks (men) -1 u “Kinky boots” (women) -2. “No stiletto heels, buckles, straps etc” u Mobile phone goes off -3 u Hands in pockets while addressing the judge -1 to -3 Amazon pulls ‘Enjoy Cocaine’ clothes By Daily Telegraph Reporter CHILDREN’S clothes emblazoned with the slogan “Enjoy Cocaine” have been featured on the Amazon UK website. The message is displayed on garments designed for babies as well as T-shirts for toddlers on the site as a parody of the “Enjoy Coke” message. But instead the solid, wavy line underneath the text of the original, the sinister slogan is emphasised with a powdery line. Almost all of the items are modelled by children, including a bib worn by a toddler and a T-shirt worn by a child with his tongue out. The products were highlighted on Amazon’s Facebook page by Stefanie Smith yesterday, who wrote: “Admittedly, yes, I was looking for a Libertines T-shirt but This bib was among clothing with ‘Enjoy Cocaine’ logo what the actual hell is this?” An Amazon spokesman later said the items had been withdrawn and that the sellers responsible could lose their accounts. He said: “All marketplace sellers must follow our selling guidelines and those who don’t will be subject to action including potential removal of their account.” Public school’s posters criticised for sexism By Gareth Davies A PUBLIC school has been accused of sexism for an advertisement showing a boy aiming to be a lawyer or politician and a girl setting her sights on being a pop star or a soap opera actress. The poster, advertising the £36,000-a-year Ardingly College, near Haywards Heath in West Sussex, shows a male pupil with labels saying he aspires to be a politician, lawyer or swimmer, while a female counterpart has the tags “vocalist”, “actor”, “writer”. The adverts have provoked a hostile reaction from Twitter users, including Rachel Brown who called it “entry-level sexism”. However, Ben Figgis, the school’s headmaster, said the tags represented “the personal ambitions of the students pictured in the billboard” and other adverts showed different preferences. He said: “We have not put words into their mouths, nor would we want to.” RZSS/SIÂN ADDISON/SWNS.COM How a glimpse of a bra strap could be the undoing of trainee lawyers It’s a boy! The first polar bear to be born in the UK for 25 years is a boy, the Royal Zoological Society of Scotland has said. Staff at the charity’s Highland Wildlife Park gave the four-month-old cub, yet to be named, his first health check yesterday. 7 8 *** Tuesday 17 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph *** The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 17 April 2018 9 News Proof at last: gentlemen do prefer blondes By Henry Bodkin IT WAS Heidi Klum, the model, who perhaps most pithily summed up the experience of being blonde when she compared it to “buying yourself a lightbulb”. That may once have been written off as nothing more than lazy cliché, but, according to evolutionary science, she was absolutely right: gentlemen really do prefer blondes. Researchers conducting the largest ever genetic investigation into hair colour have discovered that, among people of European descent, women are 20 per cent more likely to have blonde hair than men. It means that, as mankind evolved, blonde women have been disproportionately more successful at passing on their genes. A team at King’s College London set out to discover why. Using their discovery of more than 100 new genes known to play a major role in determining human hair colour, they attempted to identify any connections between the “blonde genes” and those known to influence good or poor health. They also sought to establish any links between a genetic propensity for blondeness and femininity itself in the X chromosome. None, however, was found. It has led them to conclude that throughout human history blonde women have enjoyed a “mating preference”. In other words, men have been more likely to want to procreate with them simply because of how they look. Published in the journal Nature Genetics, the study marks a breakthrough in the understanding of hair colour. Although previous studies have found that a large percentage – around 97 per cent – of hair colour variation is explained by heritable factors, only 12 hair colour genes had been identified By Daily Telegraph Reporter AN ACTRESS once billed as “Britain’s answer to Brigitte Bardot” was conned into leaving her entire £1 million estate to two property consultants, London’s Southwark Crown Court heard. Claire Gordon was described as a bubbly blonde actress and comedienne who appeared in cult films such as Beat Girl (1959), a beatnik drama, from which sprung the Bardot reference, and Konga (1961), and was once said to be a rival to Diana Dors. The court also heard that The Three Musketeers, a 1966 musical, gave her the claim to fame of being the first British actress to appear fully naked on stage. She had a fortune of £904,839 comprising cash, shares, bonds and a property in Egypt when she died in April up to now. In order to identify the previously unknown hair colour genes, researchers analysed DNA data from almost 300,000 people of European descent, together with their self-reported hair colour information from sources including the UK Biobank. “Our work helps us to understand what causes human diversity in appearance by showing how genes involved in pigmentation subtly adapted to external environments and even social interactions during our evolution,” said Prof Tim Spector, who took part in the research. “We found that women have significantly fairer hair than men, which reflects how important cultural practices Iain MacMaster, left, and Morris Benhamu deny fraudulently trying to inherit fortune ‘Our work shows how genes involved in pigmentation subtly adapted to … social interactions’ and sexual preferences are in shaping our genes and biology.” The team has said it believes the discovery of the new genes will significantly improve the ability of forensic investigators to track down criminals using DNA. It also promises new insights into conditions related to skin pigmentation, such as skin, testicular, prostate and ovarian cancers “While the genetics of hair colour is an interesting problem in itself, we hope that better understanding of the biology of melanin pigmentation will be applicable to studies of diseases that interact with pigmentation, such as skin cancer or vitiligo,” said Dr David Hinds, who co-authored the paper. The King’s College London team is not the first to investigate whether blonde women are more likely to have children. In 2008, newly examined letters by Charles Darwin revealed he had devoted a significant amount of time to examining whether hair colour affected a woman’s ability to find a mate. The naturalist went as far as trying to obtain records from Bristol Royal Infirmary indicating the hair colour of its married and single patients. MIRRORPIX; MOVIESTORE/REX/SHUTTERSTOCK; CENTRAL Largest ever genetic study uncovers evolutionary evidence that fair-haired women are more attractive British Bardot ‘conned into leaving £1m estate to pair’ Claire Gordon was described as a bubbly blonde Sixties actress. Right, with Michael Gough in Konga, a 1961 comedy medy Veteran sold £65,000 of Army green berets and boots on eBay By Daily Telegraph Reporter A VETERAN who served in Iraq and Afghanistan stole green berets from colleagues and sold them on eBay to fund his gambling habit. Warrant Officer Michael Bath, 49, who was based at the Commando Training Centre, Lympstone, Devon, was able to steal boots, clothing, badges and even coveted green berets. Bath, a married father-of-two, was jailed for 15 months after he admitted theft and possessing criminal property. He told Sue Munday, his probation officer, that he “often dealt with repatriation funerals of servicemen killed”, breaking news to families, and working with injured casualties and their loved ones. Miss Munday told the court that Bath did not want to show weakness but “it had taken its toll on him”. Exeter Crown Court heard Bath, of Blyth, Northumberland, was “disgusted by his actions”. Judge Michael Cullum said Bath had sold hundreds of pairs of military boots as well as “poignant” items like “coveted” Green Beret cap badges. The judge said it was unknown how Bath, who managed the accommodation stores at the barracks, got access to the military kit. The judge suggested that he may not have acted alone. Over a four-year period Bath used the camp’s postal system to mail the boots, clothing, helmets and badges to buyers who bought the items on eBay. The money was paid into a friend’s account. The fraud was detected after a mystery caller contacted one of only two suppliers of specialist Alt-Berg boots to ask how they could be obtained from eBay much cheaper. Paul Grumbar, prosecuting, said the value of all the items sold and recovered was around £65,000. Charges against Bath’s wife Ingrid, 48, and his friend Brian Bell, whose bank account was used to launder the money, were dropped by the Crown. Badger cull ‘an excuse to commit wildlife crimes’ By Jamie Phillips THE badger cull is fuelling hundreds of wildlife crimes every year, charities have warned. Nearly 1,300 wildlife incidents were recorded in 2016 alone, although the actual number is likely to be “far greater” as the Home Office categorises many of the crimes as miscellaneous. In 2016, there were 612 reports of in- cidents against badgers, 145 involving bats, 366 regarding marine mammals and 155 on birds of prey across England and Wales – 1,278 in total. Dominic Dyer, the chief executive officer of the Badger Trust, said: “There is a correlation between the cull and wildlife crime in general. People feel that they can use the badger cull as a legitimate excuse to commit wildlife crimes and take the law into their own hands. There is growing concern that it is getting out of control.” He added: “They get in the way of property developers building houses and they would rather pay a fine for killing a few badgers with a bulldozer than it hold up their construction.” The report, conducted by 18 wildlife organisations, was coordinated by Wildlife and Countryside Link (WCL) and Wales Environment Link. In tomorrow’s Arts section Dominic Cavendish The Tina Turner musical: another West End hero or zero? 2015 aged 74, the court heard. Iain MacMaster, 70, of Fitzrovia, west London, and Morris Benhamu, 42, of Hendon, north-west London, each deny a charge of conspiracy to defraud and fraud. Mark Halsey, prosecuting, told the jury that although Ms Gordon did not have children, she had cousins and a much-loved god-daughter who may have thought they were in line for a share. Mr MacMaster is not related to Ms Gordon but he collected her from hospital after she had a knee operation in October 2014 and was recorded by officials as a next of kin. Mr Halsey said Mr MacMaster “took advantage of that and then composed a ffalse will” where all of Ms Gordon’s estate went to him and Mr Ben Benhamu. It is all g alleged they falsely represente represented that Ms Gordon was in “a fit and proper state state” to sign a will in her h n nam e in November Novemb name 2 201 4 and that she 2014 “genuinely intended to bequeath her estate” to tthem. the m The hea hearing res resumes on Thursda day. 10 ** Tuesday 17 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph News Trains fail to stop at stations 160 times a day TRAINS missed scheduled stops at stations on average 160 times a day over the past year, new figures show. Over a quarter of missed stops were by Govia Thameslink, which runs Thameslink, Southern and Great Northern railways. Govia was accountable for 16,000 of the 50,000 services that failed to stop at one or more stations over the past year, data obtained by the BBC showed. Govia denied that the decision to miss stops was for financial gain, claiming the practice was a last resort measure to “avoid extensive disruption to many more passengers”. Missed stops are becoming increasingly common with around 10,000 more over the past financial year compared with 2014-15, when there were around 116 missed stops per day. More than 52,500 services out of a planned six million had one or more “failure to stop” events in the financial year up to Feb 23, the data showed. Heathrow Express, Chiltern and Virgin Trains East Coast were the operators with the lowest instance of missed stops with, on average, less than one in every 1,000 of their trains failing to halt at a scheduled stop in the period. Govia Thameslink said: “At times of disruption, we aim to minimise the number of passengers delayed across our network. Skipping a stop is something we only ever do as a last resort, when a train running late would otherwise prolong the disruption. “We operate the country’s most congested rail network and with a train departing every 27 seconds on average, even a minor delay to one train can cause a widespread and long-lasting knock-on effect across many routes. “There is no financial incentive to miss a stop because it counts as a partial cancellation, for which we incur a financial penalty. We do sympathise with the passengers affected.” PHIL YEOMANS/BNPS By Katie Morley CONSUMER AFFAIRS EDITOR Seat of power One of the 18th-century chairs on which John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, (above) plotted the defeat of France’s King Louis XIV, (below) returns to Blenheim Palace after a restoration. Editorial Comment: Page 17 Parents lose fight to have Alfie Evans treated in Italy u The parents of Alfie Evans, the terminally ill infant, have lost their latest legal battle to take their son abroad for experimental treatment. A lawyer representing Tom Evans, 21, and Kate James, 20, yesterday returned to the Court of Appeal to ask judges to rule that Alfie should be allowed to travel to Rome. But Lord Justice Davis, Lady Justice King and Lord Justice Moylan ruled against them after a hearing in London. The couple, who are from Liverpool, had already lost legal fights in the High Court, Court of Appeal, Supreme Court and European Court of Human Rights. In February, Mr Justice Hayden ruled that doctors at Alder Hey Children’s Hospital in Liverpool could stop treating Alfie against the wishes of his parents. As news from the court reached Alfie’s supporters at the hospital yesterday, tears mixed with anger and the crowd began a chant of “Save Alfie Evans!” Vigilantes to block burglar’s funeral passing victim’s home u Vigilantes are planning a roadblock to stop the funeral procession of a burglar from passing the house of his victim. Henry Vincent, who was killed after he broke into the home of 78-year-old Richard Osborn-Brooks, will be laid to rest with a service featuring a horse-drawn cart, his friends have said. But supporters of Mr Osborn-Brooks have said they will disrupt plans to carry Vincent in front of the pensioner’s home in Hither Green, south-east London. One man, named only as Mike, told The Sun at least a dozen vehicles would be ready to stop the procession nearing the scene where Mr Osborn-Brooks fatally stabbed career criminal Vincent with a screwdriver. At the weekend, police stopped Vincent’s family from attaching balloons and banners to fences beside the house on what would have been his birthday. Mr Osborn-Brooks has been advised to stay away from the property amid concern for his own safety. Brexit ‘helps Detective felt pupils get first ‘forced’ to give choice school’ Cliff raid news u More children are now getting their first choice of primary school because of Brexit, London councils have said. Yesterday, more than half a million families in England were told which school their child will attend this autumn, on what is known as “national offer day”. There were signs that, in many areas of the country, a higher proportion of children gained places at their first choice of school compared with last year. A spokesman for the Pan London Admissions Board, said: “We believe that high property prices in some areas and the initial effects of the EU referendum have contributed to this easing of pressure at primary level.” Since the Brexit vote, European families have been leaving the capital, which has eased the pressure on schools, the spokesman said. u A retired detective has told the High Court he felt “forced” to reveal the police raid on Sir Cliff Richard’s home to a BBC journalist. Matthew Fenwick said he believed Dan Johnson would run a story about South Yorkshire Police’s investigation into an Sir Cliff Richard told a judge his name had been “smeared” across the world allegation of sexual assault unless he was told about the search. He said: “I didn’t want them to publish a story at that stage.” Sir Cliff, 77, is suing the BBC for “substantial damages” over its coverage of the raid but BBC lawyers said it was “of legitimate public interest” and its coverage was in good faith. Police officers lose 240,000 rest days amid staffing ‘crisis’ u Police officers are owed up to a week in rest days due to staff shortages, the Police Federation has complained. The union described the situation as being “in crisis”, with the lowest number of police in a generation, fears over rising violent crime, and a leaked Home Office report linking the two. Calum Macleod, chairman of the Police Federation in England and Wales, said cancelling rest days – the equivalent of a weekend off during a working week – had a worrying impact on morale, mental and physical health, and efficiency. Figures obtained by the Press Association showed that some 237,697 rest days were owed to 70,000 police officers in England and Wales as of Sept 17 last year – the last time the country’s terror alert was at “critical”. They had been either cancelled, outstanding or waiting to be re-rostered. The true figure is expected to be far higher when the country’s two biggest forces – the Met and West Midlands Police are added. ** The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 17 April 2018 11 News Violent girlfriend is first woman guilty of new abuse crime By Victoria Ward A UNIVERSITY graduate is believed to be the first woman convicted under new domestic abuse laws after scalding her boyfriend with boiling water, stabbing him and keeping food from him. Jordan Worth, 22, banned her partner from their bed, decided what clothes he could wear, isolated him from friends and family and took over his Facebook account. She was jailed for seven and a half years after pleading guilty to the offence of controlling or coercive behaviour in an intimate relationship, as well as wounding with intent and causing grievous bodily harm with intent. Worth made her boyfriend’s life a misery, exercising control over him shortly after they moved in together, Luton Crown Court heard. Raised in Ridgmont, Herts, she was a high performer at school, was a trained gymnast and gained a degree in fine art from University of Hertfordshire. She volunteered for an animal charity but wanted to become a teacher. But Judge Nic Madge heard that Worth controlled every aspect of her partner’s life at their home in the village of Stewartby in Bedfordshire. Worth and her partner had met at college in 2012 when they were both 16, Maryam Syed, prosecuting, told the ‘She accepts using boiling or hot water to cause injury to him ... [and] in the past used a knife to cause injury to him’ court. She became violent towards the man, who suffered from hydrocephalus – which the court heard made him vulnerable – using blunt objects to strike him, wounding him with a knife and failing to help him get hospital treatment. For nine months he was banned from sleeping in the same bed as her. Neighbours said they often heard the couple arguing and the sounds of things being thrown, Miss Syed said. The victim was heard by his neighbours shouting at Worth: “Get off me, you are hurting me.” He was seen on occasions with black eyes and to be limping and with his arm in a sling. Worth was once seen at window by a neighbour, “armed” with a screwdriver or hammer, the court heard. When paramedics were called, they found injuries to her partner’s hand and burns to arms and legs which were being self-treated with cling film. He was taken to Bedford Hospital and then to Addenbrooke’s hospital. Miss Syed said: “Five per cent of his total body surface was scalded.” Days later, Worth was arrested. Judge Madge told Worth that as well as the violence, she had refused him adequate bedding and food. He said she would “belittle” her partner and discouraged him from contacting friends and his family. “She accepts using boiling or hot water to cause injury to him. She accepts that she has in the past used a knife to cause injury to her partner,” he said. Worth was handed a restraining order, preventing her from contacting the victim for an indefinite period. By Camilla Turner and Tony Diver SBNA 22-year-old who stabbed, beat, bullied, scalded and controlled her boyfriend is jailed for seven years Oxford dope party called off over ‘cultural appropriation’ Jordan Worth controlled her partner’s life, attacking him repeatedly and banning him from their bed AN OXFORD college has been forced to cancel its “cannabis themed” party amid accusations of “cultural appropriation”. The entertainment team at Mansfield College planned to host a bop on Friday where students were encouraged to dress up as their favourite “stoner icon”. In an email to undergraduates, they explained that the party would be “4/20” themed to commemorate the “internationally recognised day of protest for the legalisation of Marijuana” on April 20. Students were told: “4/20 is not about the consumption of da herb itself, and more about the arts, music, and literature surrounding it; it’s a celebration of a rich culture including everything from hippies to Hip-Hop, from Seth Rogan to the Dude.” The email encouraged “all you (plant) pot-heads out there” to “dress as stoner icons like Snoop Dogg, Todd from BoJack, Shaggy from Scooby Doo, Harold and Kumar – or even the Super Troopers”. The entertainment team advised students: “If you’re white, don’t try to go as Snoop Dogg or Bob Marley. Blackface isn’t cool”. However, the theme provoked students who felt that it could lead to “cultural appropriation”. One undergraduate said that the college’s elected welfare representatives were also concerned that the event would be “exclusionary”. “Anyone who might have negative experiences of drugs or addiction might be affected by it,” the student told The Daily Telegraph. The entertainment team later apologised for their “significant mistake”, as they told students that the cannabis theme had been dropped. The university declined to comment. Grenfell Tower fire only spread beyond original flat because of unsafe refurbishment By Hayley Dixon THE GRENFELL Tower fire, which claimed 71 lives, would not have spread had it not been for the refurbishment of the building, according to a major report that catalogues a litany of fire safety failings. The report, prepared for the Metropolitan Police as part of its investigation into the tragedy, details five breaches of building regulations that helped fan the fire, including the use of combustible cladding and plastic materials to fill gaps between ill-fitting window frames and the building. It leads to the conclusion that had the refurbishment not been carried out it would have been difficult for the fire to spread beyond the fourth floor flat, where it began in a fridge freezer in the early hours of June 14 last year. A draft of the report prepared by fire investigation expert BRE Global, leaked to the Evening Standard, says: “Grenfell Tower, as originally built, appears to have been designed on the premise of providing very high levels of passive fire protection. The original facade of Grenfell Tower, comprising exposed concrete and, given its age, likely timber or metal frame windows, would not have provided a medium for fire to spread up the external surface. There would have been little opportunity for a fire in a flat of Grenfell Tower to spread to any neighbouring flats.” The report details how the 2014-2016 refurbishment failed to meet several major fire safety standards set out in the building regulations. The window frames were too small for the hole meaning that rubberised membrane, rigid foam insulation and UPVC lightweight plastic panels were used to fill that gap and “none of the materials used would be capable of providing 30 minutes’ fire resistance”. Instead the materials provided a “fuel” that allowed the fire to spread to the facade, it is said. Each breach relating to the cladding system is of far greater importance when “considered in combination as opposed to when they occur in isolation”, BRE notes. The fire was so ferocious that had the original building not been built to such strict standards, it is likely that it would have collapsed, according to the experts. 12 *** Tuesday 17 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph ** The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 17 April 2018 13 World news Paris dancers complain of bullying at the ballet By Henry Samuel in Paris PARISIAN ballet dancers have complained of bullying, sexual harassment and substandard management in a damning internal poll leaked to the French media. The complaints were compiled in a survey by Paris Opera Ballet’s internal “artistic expression commission” and sent to 132 dancers. It found that 77 per cent said they had been a victim of harassment in the workplace or seen a colleague mistreated, while 26 per cent said they had suffered sexual harassment or witnessed it. Stephane Lissner, the director of the Paris Opera, insisted that the ballet company had a “zero tolerance” approach to such harassment and invited cers to report any incidents. But 87 dancers per cent said that the process to report such problems wass insufficiently clear or vate. private. eter Martins stepped Peter wn as leader of the New down k City Ballet three York nths ago over allegamonths ns of sexual miscontions t. An investigation duct. ared him of uncleared ward behavtoward r. iour. Kenneth ve, the arGreve, ic director tistic of Finland’s ional BalNational let, was pped of his stripped nagerial managerial ition position last nth, after almonth, ations of inlegations appropriate conduct. There was no mention in the Paris survey of who was behind any alleged harassment. The survey was also damning for Aurélie Dupont, the dance director, as almost 90 per cent of dancers felt that they “did not have a quality management”. One reportedly wrote: “The current director doesn’t seem to have any management skills or any desire to acquire such skills.” Ms Dupont was hailed as the ballet’s saviour two years ago when she stepped in as dance director following the shock resignation of her predecessor, Benjamin Millepied, the New York choreographer. According to Le Figaro newspaper, dancers said Ms Dupont had failed to stamp her authority. One was quoted as saying: “It’s difficult to see her, she speaks little and in a cutting way. We don’t know what she wants or where we’re going.” Ms Dupont retorted: “I talk to the dancers a lot, but as I want them to progress, what I have to tell them is not alhear. Management Managem ways easy to hear.” said she had their full confidence. In an apparent damage-li damage-limitation fo exercise, 99 dancers signed a follow-up p ition over the weekend pet w petition le of an condemning the leak survey with“internal survey” “dance out the “dancers’ consent”. But that did little to quell the atmosphere. “[The petition] s s say ev says everything about the St Stalin-like d methods doing the rounds at the ballet,” one dancer told Le Figaro. “Not to sign it would hav have been artistic an and financial suici suicide: no more role roles… no more pe permission to danc dance elsewhere.” By Our Foreign Staff AFP/GETTY IMAGES Performers claim to have experienced harassment and poor management in leaked internal survey Turkey tries US pastor who is accused of terror links Aurélie Dupont, the dance director of Paris Opera Ballet, above; Benjamin Millepied with his wife, Natalie Portman, left AN AMERICAN pastor yesterday denied accusations that he aided terror groups or spied against Turkey, as he went on trial in a case that has strained ties between the two countries. Andrew Craig Brunson, a 50-yearold evangelical pastor from North Carolina, faces up to 35 years in prison on charges of “committing crimes on behalf of terror groups without being a member” and “espionage”. Mr Brunson was arrested in the aftermath of the unsuccessful Turkish coup in 2016 for alleged links to the outlawed Kurdistan Workers’ Party, or PKK, as well as a network led by Fethullah Gulen, the US-based Muslim cleric who is blamed by Turkey for the coup attempt. The pastor served at Izmir Resurrection Church, a small Protestant congregation, and has lived in Turkey for 23 years. He denies any wrongdoing. “I don’t accept any of the allegations or accusations,” Anadolu, the state-run news agency quoted Mr Brunson as telling the court in the town of Aliaga, some 40 miles north of the Aegean coastal city of Izmir. “I did not engage in any illegal activity. I had no relations with anyone engaged in such activity,” Mr Brunson said. “I am a Christian pastor. I did not join an Islamic movement. Their aims and mine are different.” The agency said the pastor delivered his defence statement in Turkish. Thom Tillis, a North Carolina senator, and Sam Brownback, US ambassador-at-large for religious freedoms, observed the trial. “We completely believe (that) Andrew Brunson is innocent,” Mr Brownback told reporters outside the courthouse. “We are hopeful (that) the judicial system will find that.” He added: “You’ll continue to see very high-level US government interest in this until he is released.” Prosecutors are seeking a 15-year prison sentence for alleged crimes committed in the name of Mr Gulen’s group and the PKK. They want the pastor to serve another 20 years if he is found guilty of obtaining state secrets for political and military spying purposes using his religious work as cover. The indictment – based on the testimony of witnesses, including three secret ones, and digital evidence – claims the pastor worked to convert Kurds to Christianity to sow discord. Pressure mounts on scandal-hit Abe to quit China promises ‘reward’ for spotting spies By Danielle Demetriou in Tokyo SHINZO ABE, Japan’s prime minister, is fighting for his political life, with one of his predecessors predicting that he will soon resign following a string of scandals and sliding ratings. Junichiro Koizumi, one of Japan’s most popular postwar prime ministers, said Mr Abe was in a “dangerous” situation, adding: “Won’t he resign around the time the current parliamentary session ends [on 20 June]?” Mr Koizumi’s comments reflect wider discontent in Japan, where tens of thousands of people gathered near parliament with signs saying “Abe is Over” and chanting “Abe quit!”. The prediction coincided with Mr Abe heading to the United States for a two-day meeting with Donald Trump in Florida over Japan’s role in tackling North Korea’s nuclear and missile threats as well as bilateral trade. Back at home, Mr Abe’s reputation has been severely dented by a scandal surrounding the heavily discounted sale of state-owned land to a school operator with ties to Akie Abe, his wife. While Mr Abe has protested his inno- cence, the finance ministry recently admitted tampering with sale documents to remove references to Mr Abe and his wife. Meanwhile, the same ministry was embroiled in scandal last week, following claims that Junichi Fukuda, the administrative vice finance minister, sexually harassed several female reporters. Mr Fukuda denies the claims. Mr Abe’s popularity has hit a record low, with a Nippon TV survey citing public support for him as down to just 26.6 per cent and an Asahi newspaper poll putting it at only 31 per cent. By Neil Connor in Beijing BEIJING has set up a website in English and Chinese for people to report on “spies”, the latest national security measure to be rolled out by increasingly sensitive Chinese authorities. Citizens are being asked to report people involved in a range of activities, from bribing officials, instigating riots and even “inciting ethnic separatism”. The website also lets people inform when foreigners meet individuals who have “endangered state security”. Chinese dissidents often reach out to foreign governments and media in an attempt to get their voices heard. Such official language will cause alarm among human rights groups, which have previously expressed concern about security legislation that is couched in general terms and open to wide interpretation. It is unclear why the website is in both English and Chinese, although the English-speaking expatriate population in China is growing. A report by Xinhua, the state news agency, said those who contact the website “will be rewarded if the infor- mation is true”, although no further details were given by authorities. Last April, officials in Beijing offered rewards of between 10,000 yuan (£1,100) and 500,000 yuan (£55,600) for information on spies. Communist China takes an extremely strict approach to its national security and is increasingly using data gathered online to mould behaviour. In 2015, it established hotlines for people to inform on spies, and in 2016 a cartoon campaign was launched to warn of the risks of dating foreigners. Additional reporting by Christine Wei ** Tuesday 17 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph World news REUTERS; AFP/GETTY IMAGES 14 Entente cordiale Emmanuel Macron, the president of France, and Justin Trudeau shake hands before embracing as Canada’s prime minister arrived in Paris for a two-day visit. It is Mr Trudeau’s first official trip to France and will focus on trade as Canada looks to ease its reliance on the US. Fluent in French, he will deliver a speech to the National Assembly tomorrow. Backlash as Comey says Trump not morally fit By Ben Riley-Smith US EDITOR SUPPORTERS of the Trump White House have claimed sacked FBI director James Comey has a “God complex” and is politically biased after he declared the president “morally unfit” for office. Donald Trump’s allies took to the airwaves to criticise Mr Comey after his prime-time interview with ABC News led to a string of damaging headlines. The interview, timed to coincide with Mr Comey’s new book, contained few new revelations but was packed with his damning opinions of the US president. Kellyanne Conway, a counsellor to Mr Trump, claimed Mr Comey was pushing a “revisionist version of history” and had sunk into the “gutter” by mocking the president’s physical appearance. Jason Miller, Mr Trump’s former campaign spokesman, said Mr Comey “has a God complex” and thinks “he’s the only one who can decide when things are right”. Mr Trump himself, reacted by tweeting that the former FBI director was “disgruntled”. The backlash came after Sunday’s airing of the interview with Mr Comey, the first since he was dismissed by Mr Trump in May 2017. In it, Mr Comey said it was possible Mr Trump obstructed justice by urging him to drop an inquiry into Michael Flynn, Trump’s exnational security adviser. Mr Comey said Mr Trump treats women like “meat”, is a serial liar and demands loyalty from those around him like a mob boss. The former intelligence official fell short of backing impeachment, saying it was up to the American people to vote Mr Trump out. Mr Comey said: “I don’t think he’s medically unfit to be president; I think he’s morally unfit to be president. “A person who sees moral equivalence in Charlottesville, who talks about and treats women like they’re pieces of meat, who lies constantly about matters, big and small, and insists the American people believe it – that person’s not fit to be president of the United States, on moral grounds.” Canadians sent home over Cuba ‘sonic attack’ By Nick Allen in Washington CANADA last night said it was removing its diplomats’ families from Cuba after some may have suffered brain injuries as a result of so-called “sonic attacks”. The symptoms, which included dizziness, headaches, nausea and loss of balance, were found in 10 Canadian personnel and their relatives, some of whom were children. In September, the United States ordered more than half its government personnel out of Cuba. It said there had been “specific attacks” on diplomats, including in hotels. The symptoms among American diplomats, similar to those experienced by the Canadians, initially led investigators to suspect use of a “sonic weapon,” but there has been no proof that was the cause. *** The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 17 April 2018 15 World news Church in phone exorcisms as demand rises Increased workload means Devil-vanquishing priests sometimes deliver prayers of liberation remotely By Nick Squires in Rome DEMAND for exorcisms is booming as a result of a decline in Christian faith and the internet providing easy access to black magic, the occult and Satanism, a Vatican conference was told. So many people are now asking to be liberated from the Devil’s malign clutches that some priests have taken to saying prayers of liberation – a first step to exorcism – over the phone, the conference for exorcist priests heard. “There are priests who carry out exorcisms on their mobile phones. That’s possible thanks to Jesus,” said Cardinal Ernest Simoni, an Albanian who was once tortured and imprisoned by Communist authorities, but continued to perform frequent exorcisms. His comments took some experts by surprise, with priests pointing out that conducting an exorcism remotely would not be wise because people who are possessed often writhe around violently and have to be restrained to stop them harming themselves. “Priests pray with people on the phone to calm them down, but if you are not there you cannot control the physical aspects,” said Prof Giuseppe Ferrari, one of the event organisers. More than 250 priests, theologians, psychologists and criminologists from 51 countries gathered at a Catholic university in Rome yesterday for the start of the week-long conference, the only one of its kind in the world. The con- cept of demonic possession may be regarded by agnostics and atheists with scepticism, even derision, but it is a subject of the utmost seriousness for the Catholic Church. This is the 13th time the annual conference has been held at the Regina Apostolorum pontifical university – the first was in 2004 – and the number of participants grows every year. A belief in black magic and Satan – or “the Prince of Evil” as one priest called him – is on the increase and with that, the need for exorcisms, delegates said. In Italy, it is claimed that over the past decade the number of people asking for exorcisms has tripled to half a million. The country now boasts around 300 exorcist priests, with hundreds more in other parts of the world. The Vatican insists that every Catholic diocese in the world must have a priest trained as an exorcist. “Demand is growing, absolutely,” said Father Anthony Barratt, a British priest who is based in Albany, New York State. “I think it is partly due to the internet, which makes it (Satanism) so accessible. Films and television programmes are also a factor,” he added. Priests at the conference claimed that, as depicted by Hollywood, victims really do vomit nails and shards of glass during exorcisms. They can also develop supernatural strength, their voices change to a gravelly growl and they are able to speak languages they have never studied. “Most commonly they speak Latin, Hebrew and Aramaic,” said Father Pedro Barrajon, a Spanish priest. Opening the conference, Father Jose Enrique Oyarzun said: “Digital technology is invigorating him [the Devil] and leading people astray.” keep quiet about their discovery to give professionals time to plan the dig, and were then invited to participate in the recovery. The oldest coin found in the trove is a Damascus dirham dating to 714, while the most recent is a penny dating to 983. The find suggests that the treasure may have been buried in the late 980s – also the period when Harald was ‘We have here the rare case of a discovery that appears to corroborate historical sources’ covery that appears to corroborate historical sources,” said archaeologist Detlef Jantzen. Harald turned his back on old Norse religion and introduced Christianity to Denmark but was forced to flee to Pomerania after a rebellion led by his son, Sweyn Forkbeard, who later became the first Danish king of England. His nickname came from the fact that he had a dead tooth that looked bluish, but it is now best known for the wireless Bluetooth technology invented by Swedish telecom company Ericsson. The company named the technology, developed to wirelessly unite computers with cellular devices, after him for his ability to unite ancient Scandinavia. The technology logo carries the runic letters for his initials, HB. Schoolboy, 13, unearths hoard from the era of Bluetooth king By Will Horner A 13-YEAR-OLD boy and an amateur archaeologist, armed with metal detectors, have discovered a 1,000-year-old hoard of coins in Germany from the era of Harald Bluetooth, the king who brought Christianity to Denmark. The discovery of a single silver coin by Rene Schoen and his student, Luca Malaschnitschenko, on Rügen island in the Baltic – which they initially thought to be a worthless piece of aluminium – prompted a 400 square metre (4,300 square feet) dig by the state archaeology department last weekend. Braided necklaces, pearls, brooches, a Thor’s hammer, rings and up to 600 chipped coins were found, including more than 100 that date back to the era of Harald, who reigned from 958 to 986 and conquered a territory that absorbed what is now Denmark, northern Germany, southern Sweden and parts of Norway. “This trove is the biggest single discovery of Bluetooth coins in the southern Baltic Sea region and is, therefore, of great significance,” lead archaeologist Michael Schirren said. “This was the (biggest) discovery of my life,” Mr Schoen said. The Mecklenburg-West Pomerania state archaeology office said the two amateur archaeologists were asked to STEFAN SAUER; AP; AFP/GETTY IMAGES Amateur archaeologist Rene Schoen and 13-year-old student Luca Malaschnitschenko, left, at the dig site, right, were braided necklaces, pearls, brooches, a Thor’s hammer, rings and up to 600 chipped coins were found Australian surfer fights off shark attack ... then swims to shore A MAN who was mauled by a shark off south-western Australia managed to swim to shore despite serious injuries to both legs. Alejandro Travaglini, 37, was surfing at Gracetown at around 8am yesterday when he was attacked, according to Dennis Bertoldo of St John Ambulance. He was the first of two surfers bitten on the same stretch of coast yesterday and fears of more attacks led to a professional surfing tournament being temporarily suspended. Mr Travaglini was treated on the beach by paramedics before being flown, by helicopter 160 miles to hospital in Perth, Mr Bertoldo added. Local 7 NEWS By Our Foreign Staff The shark which attacked Alejandro Travaglini left a bite mark in his surfboard news reports suggest Mr Travaglini fought off the shark before catching a wave and bodysurfing back in to shore. Peter Jovic, a surf photographer who saw the attack from the beach, told ABC radio: “The surfer who was being attacked ended up, miraculously, bodysurfing into a little wave and getting pushed in by a local who was out there with him, and making it to shore before everyone came to his aid.” The hospital later described Mr Travaglini’s condition as stable. The attack prompted the World Surf League to suspend the nearby Margaret River Pro international surfing contest before resuming about an hour later. Lifeguards said a 13 ft shark was spotted off a nearby beach two hours after the attack. Another surfer near the same beach was attacked after Mr Travaglini, suffering a large gash to his thigh. TORU HANAI/REUTERS Leap of faith The annual Honozumo at Yasukuni Shrine took place in Tokyo yesterday. The spring sumo festival drew 8,000 spectators. Complaints spark cannabis ban on streets in The Hague’s city centre By James Crisp THE Hague has banned cannabis smoking on streets in its centre and is targeting English-speaking tourists to stamp out drug-fuelled, antisocial behaviour. After complaints from residents, using marijuana will be forbidden in major shopping areas and the central railway station in the seat of Dutch government, as the Netherlands continues to toughen up its traditionally liberal approach to the drug. Cannabis is sold openly in 573 coffee shops, which can sell the drug but not produce it, in 103 of the 380 municipalities in the Netherlands, including The Hague. Flyers have been distributed around the city’s coffee shops and homeless shelters, and an English language version has been given to the city’s hotels and hostels to warn tourists. Flouting the ban, which comes into force this weekend, will result in fines if initial warnings are ignored. A spokesman for Pauline Krikke, the mayor of The Hague, said that the ban was needed after “many complaints from residents and visitors” about the smell of cannabis and noise from drug users. WORLD BULLETIN Eight deny girl’s rape and murder Eight men, including four police officers and a Hindu temple guard, have denied raping and killing an eight-year-old Muslim girl in Jammu, Kashmir, in a case that has led to angry protests. The girl was drugged and raped over five days in January before being killed. Flesh-eating ulcer threat to Australia Australia faces a “rapidly worsening epidemic” of flesh-eating Buruli ulcers, more commonly found in tropical Africa. Doctors have warned of a 400 per cent rise in cases of the potentially lethal infection over the past four years. China backtracks on gay purge Sina Weibo, the Chinese equivalent of Twitter, has reversed its decision to remove gay content after a public outcry. Users said that the company smeared homosexuality by lumping it in with pornography in a recent censorship drive. known to have fled to Pomerania, where he died in 987. “We have here the rare case of a dis- 16 ** Tuesday 17 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph Comment What’s in a name? Perhaps less than we sometimes think j v Chamary A market trader has been banned from shouting about his fruit and vegetables. So what, you may ask? The story might not have made the news if it weren’t for the noisy seller’s name. It is, of course, Wayne Bellows. Mr Bellows seems to be a case of nominative determinism. This is the idea that your name somehow, through some arcane mechanism we don’t yet understand, actually helps determine your destiny. It was first popularised by the New Scientist magazine, which highlighted several examples, such as a study on incontinence in the British Journal of Urology by doctors Splatt and Weedon and a book on the North Pole by Daniel Snowman. We’re all familiar with Usain Bolt, though fewer of us know of the firefighter Les McBurney. There is a banker called Rich Ricci, and the lewd American politician Anthony Weiner. But can it really be true that our name determines our fate? And if so, how? One obvious possibility is that it is driven by stereotyping. We are all capable of consciously or unconsciously absorbing and playing into the assumptions of those around us. The senior judge Lord Judge felt his job was a coincidence, but the barrister James Counsel suspected he had been affected by his name. The problem is that these are all anecdotes. We all suffer from reporting bias: the tendency to share interesting information. For every Mr Bun the baker there are many Buns who have never baked. Confirmation bias means we focus on what supports our pre-existing ideas and ignore the vast evidence to the contrary. So is it all just coincidence? The most well-known study to support the idea of nominative determinism was published in 2002 by the prosaically named Brett Pelham. His explanation was nominative determinism is an extension of a broader phenomenon known as “implicit egotism”, an unconscious preference for things resembling the self, which includes choosing careers that resemble our own names. The researchers found that people named Dennis or Denise were overrepresented among dentists, for instance. In 2011, psychologist Uri Simonsohn claimed that the effect of names didn’t exist, that it was the result of a statistical artefact. Pelham did a follow-up study, “When Tex and Tess Carpenter Build Houses in Texas”, but Simonsohn countered that too. Still, the idea of nominative determinism continues to be covered as the truth in pop culture and even psychology textbooks. What of Mr Bellows? You could suggest that his name alone influenced his career path, but he’s a fourthgeneration fruit-and-veg seller. It’s often said that names originate from the trades practised by our ancestors, implying that skills are somehow inherited. That could mean Butchers and Bakers still have the genetic traits which made their ancestors good at slaughtering animals and rolling pastry. On the other hand, it is far more likely that children are simply raised to respect and value the profession of their parents. After all, following one’s elders into their jobs was the norm for hundreds of years in the West. It’s tempting to believe in nominative determinism. It is delicious, if scary, to think we might be so easily pigeonholed. For now, though, the evidence just isn’t there. If it were, that would really be something to shout about. follow J V Chamary on Twitter @jvchamary read more at telegraph.co.uk/opinion To order prints or signed copies of any Telegraph cartoon, go to telegraph.co.uk/prints-cartoons or call 0191 603 0178 firstname.lastname@example.org Corbyn’s aim is not to codify war, but to ensure we never take action again It is clear the Labour leader would not lift a finger to protect the Western world he is privileged to live in william hague ague I have been reminded by Nick Robinson of the BBC that, like Jeremy Corbyn now, I called as foreign secretary for legislation to require governments to consult Parliament before launching military action. That was when, in the Coalition Government, we asked for and obtained the overwhelming support of the Commons for our actions in Libya. Yet over the following two or three years, looking at it with the then defence secretary and attorney general, I came to the reluctant conclusion that enshrining in law all the circumstances when ministers need to use armed force overseas was not practical. It is easy to decide that a full-scale assault on another country, like the invasion of Iraq, requires a parliamentary vote, and equally easy to know that something like using special forces to rescue a hostage does not. The trouble is the many and unpredictable grey areas in between. What about the moments when acting with our allies requires an immediate decision? Or the best way to defend ourselves is to launch a pre-emptive attack? Or complete secrecy is essential for the safety of our forces? Or serious force is to be used but stopping far short of becoming engaged in a war? Is cyber warfare included in the legislation? There are endless questions of this kind, particularly given the rapidly changing nature of warfare, which are extremely difficult to allow for in a law and which would then be open to judicial interpretation. In any event, even I never believed that the use of British forces on the scale we saw on Saturday morning should be inhibited by legislation. This was a limited operation, with minimal risk to our own personnel, in conjunction with our closest allies and where speed was essential for it to be effective, and in defence of humanitarian principles to which this country is committed. It is wholly reasonable for the elected government to make a decision on such an operation and be accountable to Parliament for its success or failure. What would be desirable in the long term is a general understanding among political parties that our deliberate entry into a sustained conflict or large-scale operation requires parliamentary approval but that many other circumstances can necessitate an executive decision. Such an understanding, however, will never be achieved as long as Corbyn is Labour leader. For his objective is not to codify the rules for taking military action but to come close to preventing it ever happening at all; not a vigorous parliament but an impotent Western world. If anyone doubts that, they should take a close look at his interview on Sunday with Andrew Marr. His first instinct is to demand a level of proof of culpability that is almost impossible to satisfy. On the attempted murder of Sergei and Yulia Skripal with a nerve agent that all our own experts and the international inspectors agree was produced in Russia, he is still asking for “incontrovertible evidence”. Similarly, on the use of chemical weapons in Syria, he wants to see the result of more investigations by the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, even though the Russians and Syrians will already have destroyed much evidence, and the same organisation ruled last year that Assad was responsible for chemical attacks. Whatever the evidence, he then went on to show that he would never be prepared to take any action about it. Asked what he would do if furnished with sufficient proof, he said he “would confront Assad with that evidence”. Then he would say someone “must come in and remove those weapons”. It is impossible to hear these sentences without thinking that the problem might be naïveté, stupidity, lack of information or an absence of familiarity with the world at large. But Corbyn is not a stupid or uninformed man. He must know that, were he prime minister, securing a meeting with Assad to “confront” him would be an unlikely scenario, and not very advisable given the mass murders authorised by that very man. And he also knows full well that there has already been a long process of Syria agreeing to the removal of its stock of chemical weapons and that the regime has deliberately failed to keep its word and has hung on to sufficient supplies to kill a lot of people. In case these ludicrous objections to trying to uphold the international ban on chemical attacks could be overcome, Corbyn then voiced a final all-embracing obstacle to taking any action, ever, in the Syrian conflict. He said he would only countenance our involvement “if there’s UN authority follow William Hague on Twitter @WilliamJHague; read more at telegraph.co.uk/ opinion behind it”. Again, one wonders at first blush if he is at all acquainted with the events of recent years. Russia has proved many times that it will veto any use of force by the West while feeling free to intervene itself without regard for humanitarian concerns. Corbyn’s statement is therefore the same as saying that there is no atrocity that Assad or anyone else can commit that will provoke us to make any intervention other than a strong set of remarks at the Security Council. It would be comforting to think that the Leader of the Opposition is just a dear old idealist who can’t bring himself to think the worst of various authoritarian regimes, and hates using force on principle. If he is, that is dangerous enough – he even voted against joining the successful action against the emergence of an Isil state in Iraq and Syria, and would have left the world, including British citizens, more open to their attacks. He does not, however, have the excuse of ignorance, and the more likely explanation is more chilling. He is consciously unwilling to defend the Western world and its norms of behaviour, even though it is our own world of freedoms, prosperity and accountability. Far from being a throwback to the Seventies, he has not intellectually accepted the lessons of the Thirties – that anti-Semitism must be stamped out without hesitation and that dictators cannot be allowed to push the boundaries of acceptable conduct. Corbyn is not just a more Left-wing version of previous Labour leaders. We know for sure after the last few weeks that he is someone completely different, who would not lift a finger, under almost any circumstances, to defend the society whose liberties he has for so long enjoyed. Don’t dash hopes of the Windrush pioneers Ministers must show that Britain is the just nation migrants like me thought we were coming to floella benjamin O n 1 September 1960, aged 10, I arrived with three of my siblings to a cold and unwelcoming Britain after a 4,000-mile voyage from Trinidad. My parents had landed 18 months earlier with my two younger siblings and set up home. It seems amazing today that four small children were allowed to journey unaccompanied on a passenger ship. I was so excited as we docked in Southampton. Even the rain didn’t dampen my spirits as I made my way down the gangplank in my pretty dress, my hair in neat ribbons. But my joy wasn’t to last, as I realised I was going to be treated as a colour and not as a person. At school we were bullied. Only the sanctuary of the one room all eight of us shared kept me going. At school in Trinidad I had been taught all about Britain, about its heroes, poets and history. I was told the Queen loved me and that I was British. Every day we sang God Save the Queen. I wasn’t taught anything about how my people came to be in the Caribbean, how for centuries Africans were transported there as enslaved people. I didn’t know all this. Going to Britain was the equivalent of going to Disneyland. My father had decided to seek work here, following in the footsteps of the 1948 Windrush pioneers, who had answered the call to come to Britain to help rebuild the country after the war. However the welcome they received was not what they expected. To quote one pioneer: “We could not get on a bus and go back home.” They came with hope and optimism in their hearts, with a sense of duty to the Motherland. They were treated abominably in many ways, which was partly due to the lack of information from the government explaining why Caribbean people were coming to the UK. The most poignant memory many new arrivals have as they searched for accommodation were signs saying: “No coloureds, no Irish and no dogs.” Today many of those Windrush children find themselves in the almost unbelievable situation of being threatened with deportation unless they can prove their immigration status. Like many, I have been deeply concerned by the insensitivity the Home Office has shown towards these elderly, vulnerable people. This situation should never have arisen and I am mystified as to why it was allowed to reach crisis point before the Government finally started to take notice of the cacophony of outrage. The word amnesty implies wrongdoing, but these people have done nothing wrong. On the contrary: they have worked hard to the benefit of our great nation, so there should be an automatic status approval for anyone who was a minor and arrived in Britain from the Caribbean before 1973. The Government must do all it can to put right the hurt caused to these dignified and proud people. The fear and anxiety is not only cruel, it is dangerous. Many of them will be suffering from medical conditions which will be aggravated by stress. Yesterday in the House of Lords, I asked the minister what was being done and he explained the Government has set up a dedicated task force to help with their applications. But that still means they read more at telegraph.co.uk/ opinion will have to provide evidence about their right to be here, so not much has changed. They still have to go through an unpleasant process. The Government says it will take a maximum of two weeks, but I doubt this is realistic. These are old people, they forget things, they don’t have the internet. Would you put your granny through this? This 70th Windrush anniversary year was meant to be a time for celebration, but these distressing events undermine it. I have been organising a Windrush Garden at the RHS Chelsea Flower show, to highlight the contribution of the Windrush Generation. Birmingham City Council took up the challenge and is creating the most wonderful display. I hope that by the time the garden is open, this situation will have been resolved. I had to face adversity when I came to Britain and yet this month I will be awarded the Freedom of the City of London, which to me demonstrates how far this country has moved on. I have always believed Britain is a great country where fairness and justice prevail. So hopefully this sorry episode will focus minds on the importance of upholding these principles. Baroness Benjamin is a Lib Dem peer *** The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 17 April 2018 17 Letters to the Editor Seeking to delay the Syria strike would have given succour to Assad and the conspiracy theorists SIR – Many dislike President Donald Trump’s style, and others, like the Rev Dr John Cameron (Letters, April 16), find his tweets almost beyond belief. Yet demanding a delay while parliamentary endorsement was sought – when the release on April 4 of chemical agents necessitated a measured, accurate and timely military response – would merely have given more opportunity to those claiming that the incident was staged by the White Helmets to argue for the maintenance of the status quo. Israel had no such qualms in mounting its missile attack immediately. Both the Israeli and the Allied responses have now reminded President Bashar al-Assad in terms which even he cannot ignore that further transgressions will be similarly punished. Having served for over 27 years in two armies (one Middle Eastern) and under two flags, I applaud Theresa May’s resolve Lt-Col Nicholas Cooper (retd) Barford St Martin, Wiltshire Airstrikes and the national interest T he ramifications of last weekend’s Syrian airstrikes continue to reverberate. On the military side, the US, British and French armed forces acquitted themselves professionally, proportionately and clinically. The limited action taken to uphold international protocols prohibiting the use of chemical weapons was an unqualified success and has not drawn the three countries into a wider conflict with Russia, as some had feared. However, the threat remains, not least of a cyber warfare campaign orchestrated by Moscow. Questions also persist over the extent to which the Assad regime’s capacity to gas its own people has been degraded. But with Syrian and Russian authorities impeding the work of weapons inspectors, it will be hard to know. On the political side, Theresa May and the Cabinet took a decision to join the mission which she considered to be in the national interest and justified on humanitarian grounds. She spelled out her reasons for doing so compellingly and convincingly in the House of Commons yesterday, both for taking action and for not consulting Parliament in advance. The recently promulgated principle that the executive can only commit the Armed Forces to battle with the prior approval of MPs has been clarified and convention restored. As Mrs May observed, the bizarre alternative posited by Jeremy Corbyn to act only with a resolution of the UN was to accept a Russian veto on UK action. Diplomatically, the implications of the past week are considerable. When Donald Trump was looking to Europe for support, he called on Emmanuel Macron first, a fact not lost in Paris or London. The French leader claims to speak daily to Mr Trump and to have convinced him to stay in Syria “for the long term” though this has been contradicted by Washington. None the less, President Macron is in the business of supplanting the UK as America’s leading partner in Europe. He has already hosted Mr Trump in Paris on Bastille Day and will shortly be in Washington on a state visit, the first foreign leader so honoured. It is testament to the puerility of politics in Britain that President Trump has now visited all the leading European capitals except ours. With Germany reluctant to act and Britain preoccupied with Brexit, France is stepping into the breach. An important dimension of the Syrian strikes, then, was to ensure the UK retains a global role as a reliable ally. It is in the national interest to do so. Caribbean citizens S eventy years after the MV Empire Windrush brought the first Caribbean immigrants to work in Britain, hundreds of their children have been threatened with deportation or detention as a result of bureaucratic incompetence and policy confusion. They have fallen foul of changes in immigration rules that require the production of documents to prove residency rights. Many of those who arrived in the Fifties and Sixties did so under the impression they were British subjects – as indeed they then were – and felt no need to seek naturalisation or apply for the requisite paperwork. Children would have travelled on their parents’ passports without any personal ID which they have never subsequently obtained. Now as they qualify for pensions or apply for benefits or jobs, they are unable to produce the documents demanded and a number have been threatened with removal from the country which has been their home for almost all their lives. This is clearly unjust and it is to the Government’s discredit that this matter was not taken seriously until it was highlighted by the media. Belatedly, Amber Rudd has established a task force, though given her department’s record that is no guarantee that it will get a grip. Typically, it does not even know how many people have been deported. Moreover, this is unlikely only to affect Caribbean immigrants since many came from the Indian sub-continent and east Africa before the 1971 Immigration Act changed their status. It is perverse to have pledged unqualified citizenship rights to millions of EU citizens and their dependents while questioning those of people entitled to settle here for decades. Stopping at nothing T ennyson’s first ride on a railway train was made considerably more exciting by his misapprehension that the engine driver had to steer the machine. Today most regular rail travellers are not looking for excitement, so it is all the more annoying when a train does not stop at the station advertised. That happened an astonishing 52,500 times last year. Since commuters are often in a world of their own, with earphones firmly plugged in, many on board miss any prior announcement that might have let them change at an earlier stop, and they jump up eagerly as their intended station comes into view only to see it pass in a blur. Train companies say they are only leapfrogging to prevent even more passengers being delayed. The commuters say that services addicted to such bad habits must simply stop. We accept letters by post, fax and email only. Please include name, address, work and home telephone numbers. 111 Buckingham Palace Road, London SW1W 0DT FAX 020 7931 2878 EMAIL dtletters@ telegraph.co.uk FOLLOW Telegraph Letters on Twitter @LettersDesk SIR – Where, in the democratic Western world, is any state seriously questioning the judgment of Britain, France and the United States in making their attacks on Syria’s chemical weapon capabilities? Only in our own Parliament do we suffer useful idiots who are allowed this unpatriotic soapbox. Mike Ostick Upton-upon-Severn, Worcestershire SIR – Jeremy Corbyn has continued to question the legality of our attack on chemical warfare facilities in Syria while he refuses to condemn Hamas and Hezbollah attacks on Israel. One has to wonder at how his brain works, when the rest of the world blames Russia for the Skripal poisonings and he alone takes the stance that it cannot be proved. This SIR – I am most surprised that Mrs May has not been asked to explain to the EU her decision to authorise British missile strikes on Syria. Simon McIlroy Croydon, Surrey SIR – “We are mad, not only individually but nationally. We check manslaughter and isolated murders, but what of war and the muchvaunted crime of slaughtering whole peoples?” Two thousand years ago Seneca reflected on the very matters that have consumed the minds of right-thinking men, through all eras of humanity to the present day. Frank Sloan Rochester, Kent SIR – Why is Nicola Sturgeon commenting on the Syrian situation? Foreign affairs are entirely reserved to Westminster; hers is an exclusively domestic remit. Imagine the reverse – that Theresa May criticised the SNP establishment on a devolved matter. Martin Redfern Edinburgh AFP/GETTY IMAGES established 1855 Nazi threat in 1940, would he have invited Hitler to negotiate a political solution? Tim Tinsley-Wickes Grayshott, Surrey Carry on cycling: a snapshot of Damascus the morning after the allied missile strikes man and his supporters are a danger to the security and the economy of this country. The Labour Party, instead of heading down the road of obtaining power at any cost, should be looking for a way to divest themselves of this Marxist dinosaur. Trevor Anderson Wadhurst, East Sussex SIR – Mr Corbyn calls continually for “incontrovertible proof ” to determine Assad’s guilt. What’s wrong with proof “beyond reasonable doubt”, which, I understand, has served us for centuries in determining criminal cases. Fred Bearryman Woolavington, Somerset SIR – How dare we interfere with Russia’s interference? Peter Cowey Ponteland, Northumberland SIR – If Jeremy Corbyn had faced the SIR – It is interesting to read that, before launching strikes against the Assad regime, Mrs May consulted David Cameron and was offered his full support (report, April 15). It would be useful to know whether the Prime Minister has been having similar consultations with her predecessor in connection with her negotiations with the EU over Brexit. Dr Max Gammon London SE16 Data derangement Commonwealth trade can help end poverty Harmful healers SIR – Sometimes legislation topples into absurdity. The charity that I chair provides two services – meals on wheels and befriending – to local elderly residents, many of whom are housebound. We now have to send a letter to each client outlining the provisions of the Data Protection Act and asking permission to keep their data. This consists of name, address, telephone number, next of kin if applicable, and in the case of meals clients, their diet preferences. We must explain how they can access this. Finally, we must advise them that if permission is withheld we can no longer serve them, as we would not know who they are or where they live. This is an Alice in Wonderland world. Dr Daphne Pearson Monmouth SIR – This week the heads of government from the 53 member states of the Commonwealth are meeting in London, and one of the topics on the agenda will be trade. Any discussion on trade and prosperity must be infused with a conversation about fairness and sustainability. Sadly, increased trade and growth do not necessarily lead to better incomes, reduced poverty and improved human rights. Too many people are paid exploitative wages, and modern slavery and child labour remain real risks in global supply chains. We urge Commonwealth leaders to support a new agenda for fair trade and use their position to improve the lives of farmers and workers. Fairtrade is making a real difference in the lives of some of the world’s poorest people, but much more remains to be done. The Commonwealth can lead the way in unlocking the power of trade to end poverty and human rights abuses. Michael Gidney CEO, Fairtrade Foundation, UK and five others; see telegraph.co.uk SIR – Mick Brown’s brilliant article in the Telegraph Magazine (April 7), highlights two crucial aspects of the appalling mistreatment of vulnerable young people by “healers”, like Anne Craig. The first is the lack of any power available in the criminal law to hold such people to account. The fact that Anne Craig was apparently motivated less by money than by the wish to enslave the minds of Laura and Victoria to satisfy her own psychological needs on “her journey”, only serves to underline that current laws are inapt. Sir Edward Garnier’s Bill remedies this and deserves support on all sides of the parliamentary divide. The second is the imperative for the medical profession to license all “healers”. The General Medical Council would not countenance the behaviour of a doctor who perpetrated the physical harm to a patient equivalent to the psychological damage done to Laura and Victoria by Anne Craig. The profession, and if necessary the Government, should act to discourage, and hopefully prevent, the occurrence to other victims of the damage that Anne Craig has inflicted on these two girls and the suffering which she has wilfully caused to their families. Sir John Nutting QC London W1 Fit to lead? SIR – James Comey, the former FBI director, says that Donald Trump is “morally unfit” to be president. On the basis of those criteria (womanising and/or flagrant lying), Kennedy, Nixon and Clinton were also unfit for office, while both Ford and Carter should have been re-elected as honourable men. But since when were US presidents elected for their morals? Terry Smith London N11 Time and a place SIR – Tracey Emin’s new installation at St Pancras station may say “I want my time with you”– but I want my time from the station clock, which she has now obscured. Tim Matthews London N6 SIR – We, as faith leaders from every Commonwealth country, representing people in Africa, Asia, the Pacific, Europe and the Americas, come together in friendship and cooperation to mark the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting in London. Not even the remotest corner of the Commonwealth remains unaffected or unthreatened by climate change. Commonwealth citizens, especially the poorest, are struggling. Subsistence communities in African countries have trouble growing crops in increasingly arid earth. In the Pacific, rising sea levels threaten the existence of whole countries. In Asia, salination is driving people from their land. Arctic communities’ ways of life are being undermined. Ever more violent and unpredictable storms devastate the Caribbean The crisis of poverty and the crisis of ecology are one; our faiths remind us of the interconnectedness of people and our planet. As a common problem, the crisis requires a common solution. The Charter of the Commonwealth affirms the foundations for cooperation between nations. But it is time to turn words into action. The heads of government meeting in London must commit to urgent action on climate change adaptation and mitigation, in line with the Paris Agreement, and to pursue every effort to keep the rise in average global temperature below 1.5 degrees. Our people call out to their leaders. We stand beside them. Most Rev Thabo Cecil Makgoba Archbishop and Metropolitan of the Anglican Church in South Africa Dr Rowan Williams Rabbi Alexandra Wright Senior Rabbi, Liberal Jewish Synagogue Most Rev Julian Leow Archbishop of Kuala Lumpur Most Rev Ron Cutler Anglican Archbishop of Nova Scotia Rev Loraine Mellor President of the Methodist Church in Britain Rev Vijayesh Lal General Secretary of the Evangelical Fellowship of India Rt Rev Denis Wiehe RC Bishop of Port-Victoria, Seychelles Cardinal John Atcherley Dew RC Archbishop of Wellington Most Rev John Davies Anglican Archbishop of Wales and 37 others; see telegraph.co.uk Pick at your peril SIR – A child in Yorkshire in the Forties would never pick a dandelion (report, April 13). They were known as pittlebeds (“wet the beds”). A more sinister superstition was attached to cow parsley, called mother die. Edith Reavill Battle, East Sussex To Syrian Christians, Assad is the lesser evil It is easy for the West to preach – but they face exile or death in lands beyond the dictator’s control TIM STANLEY EY I was invited to visit Syria last week to meet local Christians, but had another engagement in the diary, so had to decline. Turns out I missed an historic sight: Western missiles shooting across the Damascus skyline to punish Bashar al-Assad for a chemical weapons attack. Giles Fraser, an Anglican priest and friend who did make the trip, says many locals slept through the “firework display”. His photos on Twitter of meetings with local clerics and state officials have sparked controversy. They apparently illustrate what Giles calls “the long tradition of religious pluralism in Syria”. You can infer from the tweets an important, if uncomfortable, point: many Syrian Christians support the regime. Three Orthodox patriarchs have not only questioned whether Assad in fact used chemical weapons in Douma but have saluted “the courage, heroism and sacrifices of the Syrian Arab Army”. The Middle East is complicated. Syria is an ethnic patchwork squeezed into borders created by long-gone empires, and held together for decades by a regime that played one side against another. Assad is Alawite, a sect that regards itself as Shia Muslim but drinks alcohol and believes in reincarnation. He is a client not only of Orthodox Russia but the Iranians too, who want to build a Shia empire among failed states. The Sunni resistance found its most extreme expression in Isil, which dreams of a regional caliphate, and it’s no wonder that many Syrian Christians look at the territory beyond Assad’s control – where they face exile or death – and conclude he is the lesser of two evils. They have certainly received insufficient support from the West, which has been slow to grasp the role of religion and reluctant to acknowledge the particular suffering of non-Muslims. We’ve found it easier to cast the choice faced by Syrians in secular terms that fit with our own recent history: dictatorship versus democracy. But “democracy” in Syria could mean tyranny by the majority, which is what pushes Christians into a painful compromise with Assad. Before any Westerner rushes to judge, ask yourself this: didn’t we make a similar calculation when we started bombing Isil, effectively joining the civil war on Assad’s side? As a Westerner, I do accept the verdict of my government that Assad has gassed his citizens. The thought revolts me and I want to see him face justice. But I’m British: I’m not a Syriac Orthodox taxi driver in Damascus with a wife and children. The greater the stake you have in a situation, the less attractive a moral crusade looks, especially in a conflict that lacks clear right and wrong. I suspect the point of Giles’s tweets was to reflect the human reality of life on the ground, in a country where some people simply want the war to end – and perhaps resent the West’s preaching. Where was I rather than Syria? Washington DC, where I took a friend to see the Supreme Court, joined a line in the street and only when we were inside did I realise we’d been queuing for half an hour to get into the Library of Congress. It was worth it. One of the most beautiful buildings in DC, the library was constructed in the 19th century to prove that Americans were every bit as civilised as their European forebears. The walls and ceilings are covered in murals depicting virtues such as prudence, temperance, patriotism and courage. The early republic believed America was a project in creating not just a better country but a better individual, and that success would be judged by quality of character. If the federal government built a library today, it would be a modernist box dedicated to equality and diversity. Those are the Left’s obsessions and they contain little moral substance at all (something isn’t inherently better because it’s more diverse, otherwise the Spice Girls would be regarded as the greatest band in history). But is the contemporary Right at an advantage? Hell, no. Donald Trump fails all the moral tests the Founding Fathers posed for a president: the only regard in which he is superior to many of them is that he doesn’t own slaves. The ex-FBI chief James Comey labels him “morally unfit to be president” and says he treats women like “pieces of meat”. Mr Comey has published a book to prove his salacious claims, which to me suggests he’s just as crass as the president. In the good old days, the only people who wrote kiss-and-tells were preachers’ mistresses, and they would advertise them on TV dressed like an angel: “Oprah, he did things to me that were too shocking to publish”. And not only were they in the book, but were the only bits anyone bothered to read. I admire Neville Lawrence, who has forgiven the murderers of his son, Stephen. Here’s an example of someone doing the right thing in an impossible situation. “I am sorry” and “I forgive you” are the hardest things a human being can ever say – but also, the most liberating. When the wars and scandals are over, those words can rebuild nations. FOLLOW Tim Stanley on Twitter @timothy_stanley; READ MORE at telegraph.co.uk/opinion 18 *** Tuesday 17 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph Puzzles, mind games and Telegraph Toughie Puzzles Test your wits with our famous crosswords puzzles.telegraph.co.uk UZ Z L E S P Enjoy all your favourite puzzles online If you haven’t joined yet, try our free trial now at puzzles.telegraph.co.uk 1. 3. LIVING FEATURES The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 17 April 2018 **** 19 Shane Watson We’ve forgotten how to be quiet Page 20 Love and marriage: Gwyneth Paltrow is rumoured to have remarried in a star-studded LA ceremony; while Meghan Markle, below with first husband Trevor Engelson, will tie the knot a second time at Windsor Castle next month When second weddings are bigger than the first FEATURE If you can’t stand the meat… Why are millennials so squeamish in the kitchen? Page 21 MONEY Count the pennies Teaching children about saving Page 23 ARTS Gwyneth Paltrow’s ‘secret’ ceremony at thee weekend suggests the era of the low-key second marriage is over, says Rosa Silverman man W SPLASH NEWS; GETTY IMAGES A Hell of a show Meat Loaf and his unstoppable West End musical Page 25 hen Henry VIII married his second wife, he did so covertly and with few souls present. “Just before dawn, on the morning of 25 January 1533, a small group of he King’s King s people gathered in the hitehall Palace private chapel in Whitehall ng of the for the secret wedding ,” King to Anne Boleyn,” he writes Alison Weir, the k The historian, in her book III. I Six Wives of Henry VIII. ossibly “There were four, possibly worn five, witnesses, all sworn to secrecy.” The exceptionally he low-key nuptials of the dly Tudor king were hardly ge surprising: remarriage n was then so verboten that it necessitated a royal break with the Catholic Church thatt proscribed it. Fortunately for Meghan Markle, things have moved on a little since Tudor times. While Roman Catholicism still has a fraught relationship with nities divorce, in many other communities n second weddings barely raise an his but, eyebrow these days. Not only this increasingly, they’re becoming far t. grander occasions than the first. When Markle married Trevorr Engelson in 2011, she opted for a laid back cerem laid-back ceremony on a beach in “W partying” wass said Jamaica. “Wild t be involved. invo wn to Toning down t wildness wildn d the in her second wedding to Prince Harry, will wedding, advisa uple be advisable when the couple tie the knot at Windsor Cas next month. But Castle ea it will otherwise be fa grander event far t ha than her first, with r nd roster of royalty and c g the celebrities among 6 600 guests. And Markle is not the re only famous figure ith to be breaking with tthe once-common n so social norm that a se second wedding would be a far smaller event ent th than the first. w has Gwyneth Paltrow arg mmon arguably little in common wi t, with Henry VIII but, according to rumour, she to too may have had a secret second wedding, w television to Brad Falchuk, her televis writer fiancé. Only, unlike the t English king, the Hollywood Hollywoo actress reportedly did not keep it a modest affair. Dubbed an “engagement “engagem party”, speculation is swirli swirling that the lavish black-tie party hosted ho by the couple at the Los Angeles Angel Theater on Saturday night may, m in fact, have been the real deal. dea wa not a If it was a wedding, it was white one – Paltrow wore an a oxblood, one-shoulder, Giambattista Gia Valli gown, while Falchuk wore w a white tux. But it was, undoubtedly, undou an impressive one, with A-list A-l guests thought to include Steven S Spielberg, Kate Hudson, Ca Cameron Diaz, Julia Roberts, Liv Tyler, Tyle Reese Witherspoon, Demi Moore M and Jennifer Aniston. Paltro Paltrow’s first husband, Chris Martin, the Coldplay singer from whom she “consciously uncoupled” in 2014, was apparently absent. festi Whether Saturday’s festivities constituted an engagemen engagement party as d advertised, or a wedding dressed up as one to outfox the pa paparazzi, it was a world away from the 2003 an Martin, elopement of Paltrow and kno in Santa who quietly tied the knot rep Barbara, California, reportedly friend present. with no family or friends And where the rich aand famous lead, the rest of us Hamis inevitably follow. Hamish wed Shephard, founder of wedding ‘People are getting remarried earlier – and that’s when it’s bigger’ Brideboo is planning app Bridebook, among those in the bu business th recent who have witnessed the wedd trend in second weddings that are bigger and better than the firs bride’s or groom’s first. o the age “It often depends on of the couple,” he say says. “If it’s an older couple with t grown-up children, that’s [ when it’s more of a [simple] blessing and can be a occasion But a lot lunchtime occasion. of people are getting ear remarried in the earlier pe cent of stages of life – 22 per remar divorced men remarrying are in their 20s or 30s aand 32 per cent of women – and that’s no bigger when it’s as big, if not wed [than their first wedding]. They want to do som something different.” As he points out, a w second marriage would traditionally be a m more low-key affair in a register office. But, he add adds, e “that’s a bygone era”. p Since approved premises permitt as were first permitted wedding venues under the Marriage Act 1994 – hotels, country houses, castles and so on – there’s been a surge in c couples eschewin eschewing w places of worship nu for their nuptials, with two thirds now choosing alternative venues. downgradin of the With the downgrading we place of religion in weddings o other has come the rejection of Continued on page 20 20 *** Tuesday 17 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph FEATURES MODERN LIFE S H A N E WAT S O N AP; XPOSUREPHOTOS Speaking up for peace and quiet Whatever happened to keeping it down for the sake of others? Gwyneth Paltrow and Chris Martin, above, had a simple ceremony but the actress’s rumoured second wedding to Brad Falchuk, below, is said to have been grand CONTINUED FROM PAGE 19 traditions and conventions surrounding marriage, including those governing the nature of a second wedding. The Knot, a wedding website, captures the mood in its article Second Wedding: Dos and Don’ts: “Whether it’s a super-formal extravaganza in a ballroom or a casual seaside celebration under the shade of a tent, you don’t have to limit yourself just because you’ve done it all before. Why not plan that reception you really wanted way back when but were led astray by a pushy mother-in-law?” Casual mother-in-law-related stereotyping aside, the point stands that the rules are: there are no rules. Divorce does not carry the stigma it once did, and the bashfulness surrounding remarriage is all but gone. “Previously, divorce was hugely frowned upon and was something people were more embarrassed about,” says Shephard. “There’s no shame to it now, so people aren’t hiding away the love of their life just because [they’ve found it] the second time around.” The fact that divorcée Markle will be married to Prince Harry by the Archbishop of Canterbury in the presence of the Queen is likely to help shift social perceptions of remarriage still further, he predicts: “That’s a great marker in history – saying it’s fine to get remarried. Marriage should still be taken very seriously, but if you’re getting remarried, great, celebrate like mad. It’s almost a shame for someone getting remarried to feel that they can’t celebrate it as much as they want because of society’s expectations.” It’s worth remembering that the Queen did not attend the second wedding of her own son, the Prince of Wales, when he married the Duchess of Cornwall at the Windsor Guildhall in 2005 (she was present at the subsequent service of thanksgiving at Windsor Castle). In the intervening years, we have come a long way. From Tom Cruise’s star-studded fairytale wedding to third wife Katie Holmes in 2006 to the extravagant nuptials of Kim Kardashian and her third husband, Kanye West, in 2014, celebrities have, in the interim, done GWYNNIE’S WEDDING STYLE Gwyneth Paltrow & Chris Martin � Were married in secret in 2003, at the San Ysidro Ranch in California � No guests in attendance � No flowers or party – and no photographs � Honeymooned at the Esperanza Auberge resort in Mexico (£1,700 a night) Gwyneth Paltrow & Brad Falchuk � Paltrow held a luxury hen party in Mexico ahead of last weekend’s event, which was billed as an ‘engagement party’ � Around 400 guests, including Julia Roberts and Cameron Diaz, flooded the Los Angeles Theater � Paltrow wore a Giambattista Valli dress, which cost around £4,000 � Her mother carried a dress bag from Monique Lhullier, whose signature gowns can cost up to £13,000 their bit to normalise the blow-out, shame-free second or third wedding. But beyond the celebrity effect, there is another factor in the rise of the go-all-out second wedding – namely, social media. “With the advent of the likes of Pinterest and Instagram in the past decade, wedding inspiration has never been greater,” says Shephard. “Many couples are now much more inspired for their remarriage than their first marriage, due to the evolution of technology during the intervening period, and hence want to make the most of it.” Melanie Helen, director of Cranberry Blue, a luxury wedding planning consultancy, also notes that second-time brides and grooms tend to have more money than they did first time around, so can often afford a bigger celebration. “Generally, people have more disposable income, they’re not embarrassed to be remarrying and they just think: ‘Why don’t we go for it?’ ” she says. In her novel Wolf Hall, Hilary Mantel depicts Henry VIII’s second wedding thus: “…Anne and Henry take their vows, confirm the contract they made in Calais: almost in secret, with no celebration, just a huddle of witnesses, the married pair both speechless except for the small admissions of intent forced out of them by the ceremony.” Close to five centuries after the event described, conducting secondtime matrimony in so furtive a fashion may soon be consigned to history. ‘Being shushed when you are talking in a cinema is met with the same response as if you had hissed: “Want a fight, Lardy Fatso?” ’ Y ou may have heard about the film A Quiet Place. Everyone’s talking about it because it’s hellishly scary and because the premise is clever and unimaginably awful: in order to survive, a family must keep absolutely quiet. If they make a single noise – so much as the tap of a Monopoly piece on a board – they are toast: breakfast for the soundsensitive monsters that have taken over the world. Anyway, it turns out that a 21st-century audience can’t even keep quiet for the duration of a film about keeping quiet; a film that will not work if all you can hear is the bloke next to you slurping Pepsi, or the couple behind rustling their popcorn while talking (I would say whispering, but that would suggest they lowered their voices). At the screening I went to, phones went off (of course they did); someone was amused by something, and saw no reason not to share it with the friend three seats along; and a couple in our row moved just as the film started, clambering over us, it soon transpired, to get away from a man preparing to tuck into a nachos and dips tray snack (roughly as noisy and distracting as taking out a chopping board and spatchcocking a chicken on his lap). After that, several people arrived, well after the credits, and, instead of sneaking in quietly – mortified at turning up late to a film that relies on building suspense in the pin-dropping silence – creaked around, blinding people with their phone torches and generally behaving as if the lights had been prematurely turned out, before they’d had time to take their seats. It’s a miracle one of them didn’t just shout out: “Where the hell is H12, can someone tell me? It’s dark in here!” They might as well have done. Then the shushing started. That would be me. And then the counter shushing, because in the modern world being shushed when you are talking in a cinema is met with the same response as if you had hissed: “Want a fight, Lardy Fatso?” Later on – when things were getting really tense and Emily Blunt was expected to give birth in silence – someone went to the loo, unless it was to get a pick and mix refill to rattle in the bag. Like you do. Everyone knows it’s a sign of getting old when other people’s noise starts to irritate, or at least it was. We may have to revise that maxim, now that no one can be quiet in quiet places, or even moderate their noise levels in places where it would be considerate to do so. Keeping it down for the sake of others is an antiquated concept. In all the situations where lowering your voice was once the norm – restaurants and cafés with tightly spaced tables, on trains and planes and buses – the rule now is that you speak as loud as you would while on a walk in a gale, certainly loud enough for strangers to hear. “Is Everyone Getting This At the Back?” is the new standard speaking volume and it doesn’t matter what you’re saying. You could be talking in some detail about your controlling boyfriend (overheard yesterday in the local café). You could be discussing why the two of you aren’t going to sleep together (overheard in a tapas bar). You might be going through business strategy with an employee (café) and slagging off everyone who works there using language that would make David Beckham blush, or sharing details of a nasty divorce. The irony is that as other people’s conversation has got noisier, it’s also got a lot harder to listen to. No one on a neighbouring table ever talks about what to do with their narcissi bulbs, that’s for sure. And everyone, everyone has forgotten how to be even just quiet enough. *** The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 17 April 2018 21 FEATURES A MILLENNIAL VIEW: SARAH ARNOLD, 28 GETTY IMAGES; ALAMY; CAMERA PRESS/VICKI COUCHMAN Who actually enjoys handling raw meat? I’ve never heard of anybody relishing chopping flesh; I don’t think it’s just under-35s who find it revolting. I avoid touching meat at all costs (I’m a wear-gloves-while-Ido-it kinda gal) but I don’t see why my squeamishness means I shouldn’t enjoy eating it, despite what my growing number of meat-free friends might tell me. It’s not that I’m unaware of where meat comes from: I’m from a rural farming background in Northern Ireland, so I would see livestock roaming the Millennials, if you can’t stand the meat… As Sainsbury’s unveils touch-free pouches for the squeamish, William Sitwell says it’s time ‘snowflake’ foodies got their hands dirty T he millennials have struck again. Not content with hectoring us to go vegan, such is the squeamishness of the entitled, still-livingwith-their-parents generation that those who do deign to eat meat are apparently refusing to actually handle it. And thus comes the news that supermarket Sainsbury’s is to unveil a new kind of packaging. The novel pouches – known as doypacks – will enable consumers to add pieces of meat, fish or poultry into a frying pan without the need to touch them. So a millennial can simply hold the offending package at arms’ length, doubtless grimacing at the mere sight of the flesh, and then – as they say in the trade – “rip and tip”. Katherine Hall, product development manager for meat, fish and poultry at Sainsbury’s, was unequivocal in her reasoning for this apparent innovation. “Customers, particularly younger ones, are quite scared of touching raw meat,” she said. According to her research, millennials have been eating out in restaurants and so are not preparing as much food at home. “If they are not used to it, they may think, ‘Ugh! I’d prefer someone else to do it for me’,” she added. For a lover of food – and that doesn’t just mean eating, but taking an interest in the whole story of an ingredient, be it lamb or carrot – this is of course depressing. I suppose I’m glad there were no millennials lurking around my house a few months back when I dragged a dying deer across the fields and down to the back yard. The young beast had leapt out of a hedge while I was on a walk with my dog Cyrus, a highly trained and not at all scary fox red labrador. The animal had run across a field and then, out of view, had injured itself in an attempt to jump a fence into the wood. I found it lying on the ground, alive but badly wounded. So I took some string from my pocket, tied its two legs together and dragged it home. Back in the yard I dispatched it (cutting its neck), drained the blood into a bucket and then butchered it into haunches, legs and fillet of venison. Using the freezer to store it, I cooked up the bits at various points in the ensuing weeks. Similarly, at this time of year, you can see whole carcasses of milk-fed lamb being delivered to the door of Marianne Lumb, chef patron of the exquisite 14-seater restaurant Marianne in Notting Hill. “We will then butcher it down,” she says. “I’m a butcher’s daughter and I actually think that, if you’re going to eat meat you should probably kill it once in a while.” Lumb admits some frustration when a customer recently asked for “meat, but without the bones”. “If that’s your attitude then why eat meat in the first place?” Placing plastic between the customer and a piece of meat is nothing new of course, but it perpetuates our distance – both physically and mentally from the product. The cook, writer and TV presenter Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall caused a few raised eyebrows back in 2004 when he published The River Cottage Meat Book, which was considerably more than a recipe book based on his Channel 4 River Cottage series. He illustrated an early chapter in the book with a sequence of rather gruesome photographs of a pair of his North Devon beef cattle being taken to slaughter, defending them by writing that “it seems fair to both sides of the debate”. He wanted to remind carnivores that “there is no meat without the death of a warm-blooded sentient animal… and at the same time to ask vegetarians to consider at just what point of the slaughter process that cruelty and suffering are taking place… How exactly would they prefer these animals to die, given that immortality is not an option?” One of Fearnley-Whittingstall’s protégés is James Whetlor, a lover of meat – particularly if it’s goat (the subject of his latest book). He has young children – too young to be squeamish millennials – who, he says, rather relish the spectacle when he brings home half a hogget or half a pig to butcher. “They love the gruesome WO R K P L A C E FA B L E S T H E B L I N K E R E D B OA R D AND THE SHRINKING BUSINESS Mark Price, former MD of Waitrose, shares his workplace fables – true stories from the business front line that can teach us lessons about career success T he board of All Things owned four successful businesses: Home Things, Food Things, Fabric Things and Furniture Things. All Things prided itself on how well it looked after its staff: a good share scheme, a generous pension, and many other benefits, equally spread among all the staff. But things started to get more challenging and Furniture Things began to struggle. It spent more on promotions, which cut margins, and, despite inventive ways to reduce costs, it didn’t make a profit after the generous staff benefits had been applied. The board grew more and more concerned. “Everyone else in the organisation is bailing it out, and seeing share awards go down as a result. We need to close or sell,” concluded the chairman of the board. So Furniture Things was sold and the new owner, without large overheads and offering less generous benefits, was able to make it profitable once more. It wasn’t long before Fabric Things started to struggle, too. Having seen what had happened to Furniture Things, the management and staff worked hard to sell more and so cut costs. But it proved hard, particularly as the head office costs – previously split between four businesses – were ‘Everyone else is bailing it out. We need to close or sell’ now shared by the remaining three. Eventually, Fabric Things was unable to make enough profit to cover its share of the generous benefits, and had to be subsidised by the rest of the organisation. The chairman said: “Sadly, we can’t see a viable future for Fabric Things as part of the group.” A buyer was found with expertise in the industry. New markets were located, head office costs were lower and the staff agreed that, in order to keep their jobs, they would take less generous benefits. As a result, Fabric Things became profitable once more. The two remaining businesses in the All Things group took on an even larger share of their head office costs – and when one did better than the other, there was increasing discontent about the fairness of the equal benefits. Moral of the tale: Beware of equal rewards when there is an unequal return. Mark Price is author of Workplace Fables: 147 True Life Stories (£10.99, Stour Publishing). To order your copy for £8.99 plus p&p, call 0844 871 1514 or visit books. telegraph.co.uk Share your Workplace Fables and learn more about Mark’s mission to improve workplace happiness at engaging.works/ideas nature of it,” he says. “They love to give it a poke and then ask questions about it.” And it’s those questions, according to Whetlor, that are so important. “If you don’t touch meat, if there is packaging then you become further and further removed from the reality of the animal. And the further removed you become, the more detached you are and the less likely you are to care,” he says. “If you care then you are interested in the welfare of the animal. These days they don’t teach cooking in schools and a friend of mine told me that one of his kids did have a lesson recently, but it was how to make a ham sandwich.” It’s enough to make revered chef Michel Roux Snr – founder of the three Michelin-starred Waterside Inn in Berkshire – mad with fury. “I’m really cross about it,” he tells me. “It’s just rubbish. If you don’t want to touch meat then why bother cooking it? These kids’ brains have been boiled.” It was brains, of course, that chef Touchy-feely: Sainsbury’s is aiming its doypacks, above right, at millennials; right Fergus Henderson is a proponent of the nose-to-tail eating philosophy fields one day, and in a truck on the way to the abattoir, the next. My grandmother would select which chicken was for dinner, strangle, pluck and prepare it. But my mum worked in food production and instilled a high set of standards in me when it comes to food preparation that are probably exacerbated by my obsessive compulsive disorder. Bacteria such as Campylobacter are easily transmitted from meat to person without impeccable hygiene. Simply put, I don’t want to get sick. Sainsbury’s is clearly aiming its Fergus Henderson was boiling, or broiling or braising, when he came to the fore with his restaurant St John and his nose-to-tail eating philosophy in the Nineties. Henderson didn’t just relish touching his meat, he pretty much embraced it. From a romantic dinner for two of a slow-roasted pig’s head (an eye peering at your lover amid the juices and watercress leaves) to a kids’ supper of deep-fried pig’s tail, he engendered an almost feverish love of meat. He had and still has an unsqueamish delight in devouring every part of a beast: “If you kill an animal, you should eat all of it,” he once told Vanity Fair adding: “It’s only polite.” His version of politeness has millennials recoiling and reaching for their date and almond vegan breakfast bar. To them, perhaps, this flesh and blood is all too unclean. Yet it’s this cleanliness that worries chef Henry “rip and tip” meat sachets at millennials, but it has forgotten that my generation is as conscious of what our food comes in, as what it’s made of. We want to drink our morning coffee from a reusable cup, we invest in fancy BPA-free water bottles and now even carry our own cutlery. So I can’t see many choosing meat wrapped in yet more single-use plastic. There are much better solutions to deal with squeamishness. First, go to your local butcher, where you can trace the specific farm your meat has come from, then ask for it to be wrapped in paper packaging. Finally, when you get it home, get out the trusty (reusable) gloves. Harris, lauded for his French restaurant Racine and now at the helm of a small chain of pubs in including The Coach in London’s C Clerkenwell. “It’s important to touch meat an and even be exposed to some ba bacteria,” he explains. But he also fea fears a more cynical ploy. “The m more food is processed and p packaged, the more ssupermarkets can charge.” Perhaps it’s not all the ffault of the poor millennials. A After all, they’ve been b brought up in an era of o over-protective m mollycoddling. As the aacclaimed food writer and c cookery teacher Rose Prince arg argues: “The way that our over-cautious health authorities go on about meat you’d think you were handling lethal weapons or unexploded bombs.” This obsession with the food safety of warnings and sell-by dates has made us forget how to trust our own instincts, she feels. It’s time to persuade the millennial in your life to get down and dirty. They don’t have to witness the slaughter of beef cattle at the local abattoir, just get them to hold, touch and smell a nice juicy steak. If they can appreciate its texture, they’re bound to cook it better. But if that’s beyond them, perhaps you could point them to a YouTube video on how to dissect an avocado. William Sitwell is the host of Biting Talk on Soho Radio 22 *** Tuesday 17 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph *** The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 17 April 2018 23 MONEY How to teach your children about money DOES YOUR FINANCIAL LITERACY ADD UP? These are some of the things children should be able to do at certain ages, according to the charity Young Money. 3-5 years � Recognise coins and notes � Understand money can be spent on different things � Be aware that money can be saved (eg into a piggy bank) � Describe how money makes them feel Britain has a financial literacy problem, but should pupils be burdened with budgetary pressures, asks Sam Meadows see where it came from. When you’re a child things just happen and you don’t really think about the money. “At school if I get out a £10 they all say ‘wow’. They don’t have any concept of how much that is.” He said Evie and Freya have become better at handling their finances in the time they have been using nimbl. “The first time my youngest got her allowance, she spent it all within a few days and was asking for more,” he said. “Now they’re starting to think a bit more when they get £10 for their birthday – ‘what do I really want to spend this on?’.” The girls also have an Isa each and Mr Baxter shows them the statements every six months to encourage them to think about how money grows. He is aware that his children will need to understand more about complicated finances before long. Many young people today will take out the second biggest loan of their lives (after a mortgage) as a teenager, when they go to university. Today’s students will graduate with an average debt of more than £50,000 and have a student loan with a fiendishly complicated rate of interest. As Evie begins to think about university, Mr Baxter has tried some novel approaches to teach his children about more complex finances. When one of the girls asks for the next month’s allowance in advance, he agrees on the proviso that they receive £5 less, in a bid to simulate the costs of borrowing. “It is difficult to find the balance,” he said. “We would never let them go without, but it might be that if they’re going swimming with their friends we only give them the £3.80 it will cost rather than £10.” As a teacher, Mr Baxter accepts that schools could do more to help. While 5-7 years � Choose the correct value of coins � Keep simple financial records (eg a spending diary) � Explain the difference between need and want � Know where money comes from 7-9 years � Know non- cash ways of paying � Understand ‘When you’re a child things just happen and you don’t really think about money’ DAVID ROSE FOR THE TELEGRAPH O ne in four adults struggles to calculate change in a shop, a third are unable to add up the cost of items unless clearly spelt out, and half of grown-up Britons can’t read a line chart. This recent research from the University of Cambridge has highlighted a problem with financial literacy, prompting academics, politicians and teachers to warn that better knowledge is needed to prevent people falling into debt. Some believe that the problem starts in schools. Personal finance has been part of the national curriculum only since 2014, when it was added by Michael Gove during his stint as education secretary. But how soon is too soon to learn about compound interest? Though some argue that financial literacy is paramount, others are concerned about a world in which our children are placed under ever greater pressure – exacerbated by tougher exams and social media. Should an already-burdened 10-year-old have to worry about pensions, investments and life insurance, for example? Simon and Lucy Baxter have started giving their daughters, Evie, 14, and Freya, 12, more control over their spending. The family uses an app called nimbl, which gives the girls a prepaid debit card connected to an account that the parents control. The couple put £25 into each account every month and let their children decide how they spend it. Mr Baxter, a 48-year-old primary schoolteacher, said: “I think, like lots of parents, we were just spending money on them and they didn’t really secondary schools have been obliged to teach personal finance for a few years now, most treat it as an add-on to regular citizenship lessons. Martin Upton, director of the True Potential Centre for the Public Understanding of Finance, a partnership with the Open University, said it should be treated as a separate A RedStart tower game teaches children about compound interest, main; Simon Baxter encourages daughters Evie and Freya, left, to use the nimbl app subject from the age of 14. He admitted schools might complain that they’re already overloaded on the curriculum, adding: “They might also think, ‘We don’t have people confident enough to teach it’.” The centre recently launched a programme, in conjunction with Martin Lewis of MoneySavingExpert, providing online courses to help young adults understand money better. It uses examples that teenagers can relate to: insurance for mobile phones rather than a home or car. Lesson material is also provided for teachers. Mr Upton said the question of how soon to explain specific money topics to children was a difficult one. “I don’t think you should shy away from talking about these things if you can contextualise them,” he said. Another charity that takes a slightly different approach to financial education is RedStart, which has provided financial education the benefits of a bank account and the risk of debt � Describe the need for a job and why some pay more than others � Explain the benefits of charity 9-11 years � Do simple foreign exchange calculations � Plan and manage a basic budget � Keep money and personal information safe from scams � Explain the pros and cons of interest � Understand how taxes work 11-14 years � Understand credit � Interpret financial statements � Describe how insurance works � Explain the relationship between risk and reward � Recognise and avoid fraud workshops to more than 3,000 children and young people in the UK. Tom Pilcher, from the organisation, said children younger than 13 needed a more general approach based on explaining the general concept of ideas such as compound interest and risk and reward. Older children should try to understand specifics. Pre-teens are given a certain amount of “money” to “invest” in different games around the room. A tower-based activity aims to teach about compound interest, while kids learn about taking risks by throwing darts at a board. Mr Pilcher said: “At the younger ages it can be as simple as getting a message across that saving your money will pay off in the future. “They don’t need to know the ins and outs of how a pension works, but they do need to know why saving might be a good thing to do.” *** Tuesday 17 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph rt market focus �olin leadell Comment telegraph.co.uk/opinion Bargain prices for former YBA hits hey were the most famous artistic group of the late 20th century, T their rise coinciding with a boom period for the art market. But in recent times, the legacy of the YBAs – the group of art provocateurs who came of age in the late Eighties and Nineties, led by the likes of Damien Hirst – has looked shaky, in the auction house at least. The latest evidence of their market decline came in the contemporary art auctions held at Phillips and Sotheby’s last week that were aimed at new collectors, or those with limited budgets. The Sotheby’s auction included works selected by celebrity chef Mark Hix, a longtime collector of work from the BritArt boom of the Nineties, and the lots did not go well: a photograph by Michael Landy and a painting by Gary Hume, for instance, were both unsold, while a painting by the godfather of the YBAs, Michael Craig-Martin, sold below estimate. While, on their own, these examples may not be sufficient grounds to make any solid judgment on the health of the YBA market more generally, it does seem that the appetite for their work is suffering an extended lull. Ground zero for the YBA market Mesler to put people in the picture The dealer Joel Mesler is known in New York for discovering new artists, but then losing them to bigger galleries when was the Freeze exhibition in 1988, organised by Damien Hirst and fellow art students at Goldsmith’s College. Shortly afterwards, the term “YBA” (young British artist) was coined by an art critic. The movement was largely supported and promoted by Charles Saatchi, who ensured it maximum publicity with the Sensation exhibition at The Royal Academy in 1996, and its market peaked in December 2004, when Saatchi sold Hirst’s shark in formaldehyde – The Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone Living – to US collector Steve Cohen, for $8 million. The decline began with the banking crisis of 2008. Although Hirst’s one-man sale at Sotheby’s the same year was an apparent success, generating £111,576,800, it did not take long to work out that the prices achieved there would never be recovered. Since then, there has also been a shift in the aesthetic direction of the contemporary art market, with the confrontational, sometimes bawdy attitudes of the YBAs consigned to a moment in history. The question now is not so much whether the YBAs’ popularity can continue, but whether it can be revived. YBAs aside, though, the standout characteristic of last week’s sales was just how much work could be obtained at a knock-down price. Apart from a handful of works priced between £100,000 and £400,000, which helped to make the events more economic for the salerooms, prices were mostly under £20,000. Forty-two of the lots (around 10 per cent and enough to ornament a decent size house) sold below estimates for under £1,000 each. They included works by the American video artist Paul Pfeiffer, a work on paper by sculptor Martin Westwood, made shortly after his solo exhibition at Tate Britain in 2005, a drawing by former Turner Prize nominee Lucy McKenzie, a 6ft they become successful. Fortunately, he also makes a living as an artist in his own right, and this week has his debut exhibition in London at the Simon Lee Gallery, in Mayfair, where he will show autobiographical works based on the letters of the alphabet. Suggestive of the snake, Kaa, in Walt Disney’s 1968 film The bids are hard to come by, they will lower the starting price until bidding begins. Bargain-hunters had lain in wait. One got lucky and picked up Webb’s sculpture, estimated at £3,000, for just £200, and Vautier’s painted belt, estimated at £300, for £30. Another surprising knock down was a large painting formerly owned by Saatchi, of two ships on a dark sea by Whitney Bedford, a young American artist represented in the prestigious private collections of François Pinault in France, Eugenio López in Mexico, and the de la Cruz family in Miami, which sold for £500 against an estimate of £3,000. But there were also strong prices, seemingly spurred by international online bidding. At Phillips, internet bidders from 35 different countries bought nearly half of the lots, The sales were peppered with warnings for new collectors SOTHEBY’S; JENNY GORMAN 24 Snake charmer: one of Mesler’s paintings on sale steel sculpture by Gary Webb (of whom former Telegraph critic Richard Dorment once said “the most original young artist I have come across”) and an inscribed belt by celebrated French “lettrist” Ben Vautier. One reason the prices were Jungle Book, the paintings contain a serpent among the greenery and are priced at £8,430 each. On Friday and Saturday, Mesler will also be in the gallery painting anyone who wants to sit for him, for just £200 per portrait. They are cheaper, he says, because they don’t take so long. Expect queues down Berkeley Street. so low was that there were no reserves on a number of lots, meaning there was no agreement between the saleroom and the seller on a minimum price. Though auctioneers publish an estimate of what they think the work is worth, if Yarrow fans are hungry for the Wolf Apart from dating Elizabeth Hurley and Anthea Turner in quick succession, Scotsman David Yarrow is best known as a Tall order: Gary Webb’s 2002 sculpture, Coming Home, which proved to be a bargain wildlife photographer who has caught the eye of the Duke of Cambridge, among others. Although his prints have proved popular, they never commanded high prices at public auction, until last year, when Sotheby’s sold an 8ft wide print of teeming cattle in Sudan, titled Mankind, for £60,000, three times the estimate. accounting for one third of its £2.8 million total. In some cases you could match the artist with demand from a particular location: two drawings by the hot young artist George Condo, whose work was recently exhibited alongside Picasso in Hong Kong, were bought at quadruple estimate prices by internet bidders in – unsurprisingly – Hong Kong. But the sales were also peppered with warnings for new collectors that their investments could go down as well as up. A spray gun splattered painting by Lucien Smith, who was once the flippers’ favourite, sold for £6,900, a huge fall from the £30,000 it garnered in 2014. Meanwhile, a set of floral prints by the American photographer, Robert Beck, which sold for £2,000 three years ago, was snapped up for just £125. It was good news for his galleries worldwide, and added to anticipation for The Wolf of Main Street, which came up for auction at Sotheby’s in New York last week. Picturing a hungrylooking wolf walking along the bar of an inn, the image had a $15,000 (£10,500) estimate. His Chicago gallery, Hilton-Asmus Contemporary, which is currently exhibiting another print of this image, was particularly excited, posting a warning on its website before the sale that the print would fly, and sure enough it did, selling for a new record at $100,000 (£70,000). The buyer? None other than HiltonAsmus Contemporary. *** The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 17 April 2018 25 Arts It’s camp, ridiculous – and now a West End musical. David Quantick explains his love for Meat Loaf’s Bat Out of Hell O n stage, dripping with sweat, a young man is singing his heart out – and his eyes too, judging by the way they bulge with every high note. The song is the title track of an album called Bat Out of Hell. “I swear I saw a young boy, down in the gutter,” the singer declares. “He was starting to foam in the heat…” Borne along by screaming guitars and enthusiastic backing singers, the performer hits the chorus and the entire audience erupts. “LIKE A BADDOUDA HELL I’LL BE GONE WHEN THE MORNING COMES!” It’s an explosion of pure excitement and unrestrained glee. But this is not a scene from 1977, and the singer is not Meat Loaf. Bat Out of Hell, one of the biggest-selling rock albums of all time, has been turned into a musical and, after a successful run last summer at London’s Coliseum, the production is now taking up residence at the Dominion Theatre. Theatregoers looking for sex, bike leathers and bombastic rock music will not be disappointed. The pyrotechnic-heavy show, which won Heaven can wait: Meat Loaf, far right, and with songwriter and producer Jim Steinman, below. Right, the new musical Finally, a small label called Cleveland International Records signed them and the record came out in 1977. But even then it did not enjoy immediate success. Resembling neither the arid pop of US radio nor the short, spiky new wave songs coming from England, it was called “freaky and weird” and only two FM radio stations in America agreed to play it. In the end, it was the videos from the album that got people’s attention. Viewers stared open-mouthed at Meat Loaf, a 24-stone singer from Texas with boggle-eyes and a perspirationdrenched prom shirt, singing power ballads with total sincerity and a voice like an angel. The videos kick-started sales, and the album became a worldwide hit, going on to sell 40 million discs. Even today, it still Primal forms of a latter-day shaman Exhibition Joseph Beuys: Utopia at the Stag Monuments By Mark Hudson J oseph Beuys’s reputation isn’t quite in the doldrums, but it’s certainly becalmed. The German conceptual artist with the trademark porkpie hat is one of the key cultural figures of the late 20th century, but 32 years since his death in 1986, his fat-and-felt sculptures have become such ubiquitous icons of modern art, you’d imagine it’s very unlikely there would be anything new to discover. This exhibition, however, Beuys’s largest in Britain since Tate’s 2005 retrospective, promises a Beuys newly relevant to our difficult times. It reunites the main elements of one of his most important installations, Stag Monuments, for the first time in the UK since its creation in 1982. According to the show’s curator, Norman Rosenthal, the former Royal Academy artistic director, who originally commissioned the work for Berlin’s Martin Gropius Bau, this presents a vision of “societal rebirth” that still speaks to a world that is “now more than ever searching for new solutions for basic social and economic problems”. That’s quite a claim, but then Beuys Theatres HER MAJESTY'S 020 7087 7762 THE BRILLIANT ORIGINAL THE PHANTOM OF THE OPERA Mon-Sat 7.30, Thu & Sat 2.30 www.ThePhantomOfTheOpera.com QUEEN'S 0844 482 5160 THE MUSICAL PHENOMENON LES MISERABLÉS Eves 7.30, Mats Wed & Sat 2.30 www.LesMis.com ST MARTIN'S 020 7836 1443 66th year of Agatha Christie's THE MOUSETRAP Mon-Sat 7:30pm, Mats Tues & Thurs 3 & Sat 4 www.the-mousetrap.co.uk “Captivating” TIME OUT **** FINANCIAL TIMES Sheila Hancock Bill Milner HAROLD AND MAUDE By Colin Higgins Directed by Thom Southerland CharingCrossTheatre.co.uk 08444-930650 TOM CARTER, COURTESY OF GALERIE THADDAEUS ROPAC Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac, London ★★★★★ Symbol of virility: Stag Monuments is being shown in Britain for the first time rarely thought on a small scale. The first rooms, however, offer few surprises, more a scene-setting collection of greatest hits. Beuys is seen striding towards us in the role of heroic teacher and activist (he co-founded Germany’s Green Party) in the photographic self-portrait We Are The Revolution. Then a suit in thick felt hanging from the wall, and two cardboard boxes full of fat (actually rancid orange margarine) – materials with which he was obsessed, having been wrapped in felt and fat, he claimed, by Tartar nomads, who saved his life when he was shot down over Russia as a Luftwaffe pilot in 1944. Far less well-known are small early works from the late Forties, drawing on seminal Germanic art forms, from Gothic sculpture (in expressionistic crucifixes) to the prehistoric art of the Eurasian steppes (in images of stags etched on bronze). If you can sense the influence of such potent, primal imagery on his later work, it’s satisfying to have the connection spelt out, even if these early pieces at times look like rather clunky museum replicas. The stag, as symbol of virility and “signifier of Christ”, dominates the central installation, though not in a form you’ll immediately recognise. Unsure what to put in the 1982 exhibition, Beuys moved the entire contents of his Düsseldorf studio into the gallery and turned them into an eccentric, but resonant, collection of sculptures. Random bits of wood with his mother’s ironing board balanced on the top become the stag, a years of disputes over royalties and trademarks, and Steinman and the singer stopped talking. They did, however, patch things up in the early Nineties for long enough to record Bat Out of Hell II and its 12-minute lead single I’d do Anything For Love, a track which went to number one all around the world. Sixteen years after the first album, it was an unlikely comeback. Meat Loaf also took a third bite of the cherry in 2006 with Bat Out Of Hell III, which did markedly less well. Steinman and Meat Loaf have since fallen out, made up, fallen out and made up again. They have not worked together since (although Meat Loaf ’s most recent album, Braver Than We Are, contains several Steinman songs). Neither are in good health. Meat Loaf alarmed fans with his slurred speech when he appeared on The Chris Evans Breakfast Show on Radio 2 in 2016. Steinman has suffered a stroke and rarely leaves his Connecticut home. But Steinman never gave up on his rock ’n’ roll dream, working on the show with Sonenberg, reclaiming songs he’d allowed others to use on their albums, and honing the script until it became the romantic rock opera of 2018. Not everyone loves it, but even its critics agree it’s a hit. “Familiarity breeds content,” says Mark Shenton, theatre critic for The Stage. “People want songs they already know and love – and here they get them packaged in a very spectacular production that delivers bang for their bucks.” As a longtime fan of the songs, I was moved to tears when I saw them performed on stage last year (and, like many who saw that production, I am planning to see it again this year). There is nothing remotely similar to compare it with: unlike other jukebox musicals it’s not a grab bag of hit songs, but a coherent story with a thoughtful, witty script. It is over-thetop, but, in the context of the show, the songs are perfect: absurd, emotion-wracked monsters of love. Steinman, who was forced to make all of his contributions to the show from home via email and webcam because of his poor health, remains effusive about his magnum opus. “Characters in a musical should burst into song when words are insufficient to carry the emotion,” he says. “My ar not filled with plot… They’re songs are explodin with feeling.” exploding He saw last year’s show in London video but was most moved by an via video, wo early workshop in 2016 in New York, h was able to attend in person. which he “Watchi it was unbelievable,” he “Watching says. “No sets or costumes. No orches orchestra, no special effects. But it wa was priceless. It had a heartbeat. A And how do you put a price tag o on a heartbeat?” GETTY IMAGES Rock’s ‘freaky’ opera rides again Best Musical at the Evening Standard Theatre Awards last year, is set in a dystopian future and tells the tale of Raven, an 18-year-old with rich, controlling parents, who risks everything to be with Strat, the leader of a gang of outcasts. Over nearly three hours, the cast performs the memorable tracks from the original album – You Took the Words Right Out of My Mouth, Paradise by the Dashboard Light, Two Out of Three Ain’t Bad – plus some of the best songs from two sequels that came out in 1993 and 2006, including the power ballad I’d Do Anything for Love (But I Won’t Do That). It is, as one critic put it, “a crazy wild child of a rock ’n’ roll musical”. There is one crucial difference between Bat Out of Hell and other so-called “jukebox musicals” – Bat Out of Hell actually started life as a musical, and then became an album. In particular, the LP, which was written by Jim Steinman, grew out of the ruins of two other shows: a musical he staged while at college, called The Dream Engine; and a futuristic musical about Peter Pan, called Neverland, on which Steinman and Meat Loaf began collaborating in the mid-Seventies. After lawyers for J M Barrie’s estate refused to grant rights to the latter, Steinman’s lawyer David Sonenberg suggested the duo write an album expanding on the songs Steinman had already written. The result was seven operatic rock anthems that welded together Steinman’s chief preoccupations: girls, motorbikes, Wagner and rock music. Answering questions via email (he is in poor health and hardly ever talks to journalists), Steinman says he doesn’t distinguish between opera and rock music. “To me, they are one and the same. I like to think of myself as Little Richard Wagner.” It took a while for others in the record industry to appreciate Steinman’s vision. In fact, his and Meat Loaf ’s attempts to get a record deal are the stuff of legend. Not for them the ordinary method of sending someone a tape. Instead, they would visit the offices of producers, Steinman would sit at the piano, Meat Loaf would stand next to it, and they would perform the album – all of it. This approach was singularly unsuccessful. sculptor’s stand a man, with a plant pot for a head. A table with telephone wires spooling out towards some testicle-like spheres embodies Beuys’s preoccupation with the transmission of energy. There is also a collection of turd-like forms created from Beuys’s work tools encased in brown clay. Given Beuys’s insistence on the artist’s responsibility to respond politically to his or her time, you’ll be justifiably befuddled as to how these elements relate to the ThatcherReagan “Big Money” era when the work was created, let alone to the explosive realities of our own time. The work isn’t, of course, intended to be taken literally, even if you could work out its literal meaning. Beuys saw himself as a kind of latter-day shaman operating in a capitalist art world, creating primordial images for a public beset by mass consumerism and a then very present nuclear threat, who might not understand the entire message, but get the general drift. Standing in the presence of Beuys’s suggestively elemental forms you can’t help but get something of that drift in the form of a shiver under the skin. The political, cultural and spiritual resonances are secondary to that physical sensation. This exhibition may not tell us anything new about Beuys, but it’s a reminder that today’s art world is painfully lacking in artists of his level of scale and ambition. Until June 16. Tickets: 020 3813 8400; ropac.net shifts 200,000 units a year. But, it would take another 40 years for Bat Out of Hell – The Musical to materialise. an and Meat Loaf In between, Steinman ng one of have been conducting uous rock’s most tempestuous relationships. itted in his As Meat Loaf admitted ess turned autobiography, success him into “a maniac”. He took a lot of drugs and lostt his e voice. When the time el, came to make a sequel, e Steinman decided he at couldn’t wait for Meat Loaf to recover and recorded the songs himself, releasing them on an album called Bad For Good. There followed Bat Out of Hell – The Musical is at the Dominio Dominion Theatre, London W1 batouto batoutofhellmusical.com 26 *** Tuesday 17 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph Court & Social Court Circular WINDSOR CASTLE April 14th Ms Maria Pedro (Deputy Lieutenant of Greater London) was present at Heathrow Airport, London, this morning upon the Arrival of The President of the Republic of Nauru and welcomed His Excellency on behalf of The Queen. Mr Bruce Houlder (Deputy Lieutenant of Greater London) was present at Heathrow Airport, London, this afternoon upon the Arrival of The President of the Republic of Seychelles and welcomed His Excellency on behalf of Her Majesty. WINDSOR CASTLE April 15th Mr Vincent Thompson (Deputy Lieutenant of Essex) was present at Stansted Airport, London, this morning upon the Arrival of The President of the Republic of Ghana and welcomed His Excellency on behalf of The Queen. Mr Bruce Houlder (Deputy Lieutenant of Greater London) was present at Heathrow Airport, London, this evening upon the Arrival of The President of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka and welcomed His Excellency on behalf of Her Majesty. WINDSOR CASTLE April 16th Mr Bruce Houlder (Deputy Lieutenant of Greater London) was present at Heathrow Airport, London, this morning upon the Arrival of The President of the Republic of Malawi and welcomed His Excellency on behalf of The Queen. Ms Ruth Bell (Deputy Lieutenant of Bedfordshire) was present at Luton Airport, London, this afternoon upon the Arrival of The President of the Republic of Rwanda and welcomed His Excellency on behalf of The Queen. Major Jeremy Fern (Deputy Lieutenant of Greater London) was present at Royal Air Force Northolt this afternoon upon the Arrival of The President of the Republic of Kenya and welcomed His Excellency on behalf of Her Majesty. Wing Commander Michael Dudgeon (Vice Lord-Lieutenant of Greater London) was present at Heathrow Airport, London, this afternoon upon the Arrival of The President of the Republic of Kiribati and welcomed His Excellency on behalf of The Queen. Mrs Jennifer Tolhurst (Her Majesty’s Lord-Lieutenant of Essex) was present at Stansted Airport, London, this evening upon the arrival of The President of the Republic of Sierra Leone and welcomed His Excellency on behalf of Her Majesty. KENSINGTON PALACE April 16th The Duke of Cambridge this evening attended the Welcome to the United Kingdom Reception at The Queen Elizabeth II Conference Centre, Broad Sanctuary, London SW1, for delegates from the Commonwealth Business, People’s, Women’s and Youth Forums. KENSINGTON PALACE April 16th Prince Henry of Wales this morning attended a Commonwealth Youth Cabinet Meeting at The Queen Elizabeth II Conference Centre, Broad Sanctuary, London SW1. His Royal Highness afterwards attended the Commonwealth Youth Forum Opening Session at The Queen Elizabeth II Conference Centre. Prince Henry of Wales this afternoon received the Hon Josaia Voreqe Bainimarama (Prime Minister of the Republic of Fiji) at Buckingham Palace. BUCKINGHAM PALACE April 16th The Duke of York, Founder, Pitch@Palace, this morning held a Roundtable Discussion for executives of Facebook. His Royal Highness, Fellow, the Royal Society, this afternoon attended the Commonwealth Science Advisors Meeting, 6-9 Carlton House Terrace, London SW1. The Duke of York, Founder, Pitch@ Palace, later held Pitch@ Palace Commonwealth for entrepreneurs and potential supporters at St James’s Palace. BUCKINGHAM PALACE April 16th The Earl of Wessex, Chairman of the Board of Trustees, The Duke of Edinburgh’s International Award Foundation, today carried out the following engagements in Australia. His Royal Highness this morning visited Brisbane Grammar School, 24 Gregory Terrace, Spring Hill, Queensland, in celebration of the School’s One Hundred and Fiftieth Anniversary. The Earl of Wessex afterwards attended a Reception at Queensland Government Offices, 1 William Street, Brisbane, for young people who have achieved the Gold Standard in The Duke of Edinburgh’s Award and was received by the Hon Paul de Jersey (Governor of Queensland). His Royal Highness this afternoon attended a Reception at Queensland Government Offices. The Earl of Wessex this evening called upon the Hon Hieu Van Le (Governor of South Australia) at Government House, North Terrace, Adelaide. His Royal Highness later attended a Dinner at the Magill Estate. The Countess of Wessex, Patron, the Scar Free Foundation, this afternoon held a Meeting at Buckingham Palace. Her Royal Highness, Vice Patron, The Queen Elizabeth Diamond Jubilee Trust, this evening attended a Reception at Tower Bridge, London SE1. BUCKINGHAM PALACE April 16th The Princess Royal, Appeal Patron, this morning opened the Woolf Institute, Madingley Road, Cambridge, and was received by Mr Richard Barnwell (Vice Lord-Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire). Her Royal Highness this afternoon visited the Farmland Museum, Denny Abbey, Ely Road, Waterbeach, upon the occasion of their Twenty First Anniversary and was received by the Lady De Ramsey (Deputy Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire). For more details about the Royal Family, visit the Royal website at www.royal.uk Today’s birthdays Mr Geoffrey Higham, Chairman, Rugby Group plc, 1986-96, is 91; Mr Chris Barber, jazz musician, 88; Mr J.E. Barrett, tennis commentator and journalist; former Davis Cup captain, 87; Prof Sir Peter Morris, President, Royal College of Surgeons of England, 2001-04, 84; Capt Sir Eric Dancer, Lord-Lieutenant for Devon, 1998-2015, 78; Miss Clare Francis, writer and former yachtswoman, 72; Lord Emslie, a former Senator of the College of Justice in Scotland, 71; Sir Richard Field, a former High Court Judge, 71; the Rt Rev Michael Hill, Bishop of Bristol, 2003-17, 69; Gen Sir John McColl, Lieutenant Governor of Jersey, 2011-17; Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Europe, 2007-11; 66; Dr Hubert Minnis, Prime Minister of the Bahamas, 64; Mr Riccardo Patrese, former racing driver, 64; Prof Michael Stroud, explorer, 63; Lord Tyre, a Senator of the College of Justice in Scotland, 62; Lady Justice Macur, Senior Presiding Judge, England and Wales, 61; Mr Nick Hornby, writer, 61; Miss Bella Freud, fashion designer, 57; Mr Paul Nicholls, racehorse trainer, 56; Prof Jonathan Shalit, talent manager, 56; and Mr Muttiah Muralitharan, former Sri Lanka cricketer; currently the highest wicket-taker in Test cricket and one day internationals, 46. Today is the anniversary of the examination of Martin Luther by the Diet of Worms in 1521 and of the death of Benjamin Franklin in 1790. FIRST WORLD WAR Online ref: 552036 Rotary Club of London Mr Andrew Shannan was the speaker at a luncheon held by the Rotary Club of London yesterday at The Chesterﬁeld Hotel, London. Mr Stephen Potter, President, was in the chair. Monday Luncheon Club Mr David Rundell was the guest speaker at a luncheon held by the Monday Luncheon Club yesterday at the Travellers Club. Lady Griﬃths, Chairman, presided. Mr B.R.E. Dawson and Miss F.E. Nicholas The engagement is announced between Ben, younger son of Mr and Mrs Patrick Dawson, of Freeland, Oxfordshire, and Florence, youngest daughter of Mr John Nicholas and Mrs Sarah Jane Nicholas, of Tandridge, Surrey. The Athenæum Mr David Anderson, QC, opened a discussion entitled "Terror in Perspective" at a dinner held last night at The Athenæum. Lord Blair of Boughton was in the chair. Capt E.M.B. van der Lande and Miss N.M. Haynes The engagement is announced between Captain Edward van der Lande, The Life Guards, younger son of Mr and Mrs Mark van der Lande, of Great Waldingﬁeld, Suﬀolk, and Nellie, daughter of Mr Peter Haynes, of Sproxton, Leicestershire, and Mrs Barbara Haynes, of Patching, West Sussex. Online ref: 552034 Mr H. Atkinson and Miss E. Moyle The engagement is announced between Humphrey, youngest son of Mr and Mrs Richard Atkinson, of Brinkworth, Wiltshire, and Elizabeth, youngest daughter of Mr and Mrs Robert Moyle, of Old Dalby, Leicestershire. Online ref: 552322 Mr N. Taylor and Miss L. Vechamamontien The engagement is announced between Nicholas, elder son of Mr and Mrs Simon Taylor, of Longstock, Hampshire, and Lisa, daughter of Mr and Mrs Chaiyapong Vechamamontien, of Bangkok, Thailand, and Parson's Green, London. Online ref: 552339 CHARTERHOUSE Cricket Quarter begins today at Charterhouse. Jonathan Stocks and Abigail Rutherford remain Head Boy and Head Girl. George Barlow is Captain of Cricket. Charles Bruce is Captain of Boys’ Tennis and Michelle Wong is Captain of Girls’ Tennis. The Foundation Scholarship examinations start on Monday, April 23. Carthusian Day is on Saturday, May 26, followed by Exeat until Sunday, June 3. The Arts Festival runs from Tuesday, June 19, until Friday, June 22. Quarter ends on Saturday, June 30. Reunion des Gastronomes Mr Wallace Vincent, President, was in the chair at the monthly meeting of the Reunion des Gastronomes held yesterday at the Savoy hotel. Legal news Judge Lancaster retired as a Circuit Judge with effect from April 14, 2018. Bridge news Scotland, on home ground, has won the 2018 Lady Milne, writes Julian Pottage, Bridge Correspondent. The decisive match was in Round 4, which took place on Sunday morning/ lunchtime, when Scotland beat England 16.24-3.76. Full results are as follows: 1st Scotland (Abi Wilson, Sheila Adamson, Liz Mcgowan, Fiona Mcquaker, Sam Punch, Paula Leslie and NPC Alan Goodman), 72.13; 2nd England (Heather Dhondy, Sally Anoyrkatis, Alexandra Birchell, Qian Li, Claire Robinson, Heather Bakhshi and NPC David Burn), 68.70; 3rd Ireland (Joan Kenny, Teresa Rigney, Anna Onishuk, Lucy Phelan, Gilda Pender, Hilary McDonagh and NPC Terry Walsh), 58.87; 4th Wales, 39.34; 5th Scottish Bridge Union, 37.91; and 6th Northern Ireland, 23.05. LONDON, WEDNESDAY APRIL 17, 1918 FIERCE FIGHTING FOR BAILLEUL. HEROISM AGAINST ODDS. From PHILIP GIBBS. WAR CORRESPONDENTS’ HEADQUARTERS, FRANCE, Tuesday. It seemed inevitable after our loss of Neuve Eglise that the enemy should make a quick and strong effort to capture Bailleul, and this he did last night by putting into the battle three divisions of fresh assault troops, and encircling the city by fierce attacks on the ground south-east and east, including the ridge of Ravelsberg and the Mont de Lille. His troops included his Alpine Corps of jaegers and probably a Bavarian division and the 117th Division. Among our men defending the city were Staffords and Notts and Derbies. Yesterday when I was in the country round Bailleul the enemy’s guns were waking up for this new attack, and there was a continual bombardment spreading up to the Wytschaete Ridge. Heavy shells were being flung into Bailleul itself, and the smoke of fires was rising like mist from small towns and villages like Meteren and Morbecque down to Merville. Our guns were also pounding the enemy’s positions, and when the report came through that concentrations of German infantry, guns, transport, and cavalry were moving up the roads in and north of Merville an intense shellfire was ranged upon them, while our air squadrons went out in the evening and at night and dropped large quantities of high explosives upon this traffic of men and beasts, so that they must have suffered many casualties. In their attacks on the Ravelsberg spur, where all through the old Flanders fighting we had camps and hutments, known by heart among our English and New Zealand troops, and divisional headquarters during the active operations, the enemy must have lost heavily again, for our men were stubborn in defence, and their machine-gun fire must have been of a deadly nature, owing to their positions along the railway and on the ridge. BUTLER.—On 26th March 2018, at Wythenshawe Hospital, Manchester, to Jane and Phil, a daughter, Margot Alice, a sister for Isobel Anna and Florence Jane. Online ref: A223515 MACDONALD.—On April 11th 2018, in East London, South Africa, to Jess and Grant, a daughter, Maia Vyvyan. Online ref: A223510 PEARSON.—On April 12th 2018, to Diana (née Schofield) and Richard, a son, Harry Francis. Online ref: 552448 RIVERS-MOORE.—On 6th April 2018, to Rebecca (née Gardner) and Mark, a beautiful daughter, Harriet Rose. Online ref: A223511 TITMUS.—On 29th March 2018, at 11.19 p.m. at The Rosie Hospital Cambridge, to Viktoria and Craig, a son, Arthur Stelzhammer. Online ref: A223513 ASHCROFT.—(Clarice) Dorothy died peacefully on 6th April 2018, aged 95. Wife of the late George Denman and mother to Jane and Judith, grandmother and great-grandmother. Private family funeral. Online ref: A223506 BARRON.—Bruce Morison (Dr). Suddenly on 6th April 2018 at Poole Hospital. Loving husband, father and grandfather. Enquiries to Tapper Funeral Service: 01202 673164. Online ref: A223517 BONBERNARD.—Margaret Elisabeth. On April 10th, peacefully in St Faiths Nursing Home, aged 94 years. Dearest wife of the late Steuart, beloved mother to Susan and Jane and grandmother and great grandmother to: Stephanie, Sara, Caitlin, Darcy and Ieuan. Funeral Service takes place at Cheltenham Cemetery, South Chapel on Tuesday 24th April 2018 at 1.45 p.m., followed by private family burial. Family ﬂowers only, donations, if desired, will be shared between: The Royal National Institute for the Blind and Insight Gloucester, c/o Selim Smith Funeral Directors, 74 Prestbury Road, Cheltenham, GL52 2DJ. Tel: 01242 525383. Online ref: 552431 CARSCADDEN.—Joseph (Joe), passed away peacefully at his home on 9th April 2018, aged 84 years. Formerly of Perth (Scotland), Eling (London), Singapore and the Naval Ship, Fort Dunvegan. Beloved husband of the late Pam, a dearly loved uncle and very good friend to many. Funeral Service at The Church of the Holy Epiphany, Castle Lane West, Bournemouth on Wednesday 25th April at 2.30 p.m. Flowers may be sent to W. Smith & Sons Funeral Directors, 639-645 Wimborne Road, Bournemouth, BH9 2AR. Tel: 01202 528818. Online ref: A223522 COCHRANE.—Mary (Meg), née Goldsack, passed away peacefully on 22nd March 2018. At family request the small private funeral took place on Thursday 12th April. Online ref: 552428 DAVIS.—Grahame Watson died peacefully after a short illness on 10th April at the Hospice in the Weald. Much loved father of Helena and Piers, darling Papa to Katy, Harry and Isla. A Service of Thanksgiving will take place on Friday 4th May at 2.30 p.m. at St Peter and St Paul Church, Shorne, Kent. No ﬂowers please but donations, if desired, to the Hospice in the Weald, Pembury or c/o John Weir Funeral Directors, 01634 373111. Online ref: A223530 In memoriam Sir William Aldous A service of thanksgiving for the life of Sir William Aldous was held on Thursday, April 12, at St Mary’s Church, Stoke by Nayland. The Rev Mary Cantacuzene officiated and gave an address. Mr Richard Aldous (son) read the lesson. Miss Alexandra Aldous (granddaughter) read He Is Gone by Mr David Harkins, Mr Christopher Hall read The Dusk Is Down by William Henry Ogilvie and William Steel (grandson) read his poem, Ode to Grandpa. Mr George Paul (cousin) paid tribute to Sir William. Among those present were: Lady Aldous (widow), Mrs Nicola Steel, Mrs Emma Reid (daughters), Mr Charles Aldous, QC, Mr Tom Aldous (brothers), Miss Elizabeth Aldous (sister), Mr Robert Henson, Mr William Henson (brothers-in-law) and other members of the family; together with representatives of Inner Temple and other organisations with which Sir William was associated and many friends. DUNNING.—Frederick Weir OBE died on 12th April 2018, in Bridlington, East Riding of Yorkshire, aged 89. Husband of the late Inge and much loved father of Jane and Andrew, he had six grandchildren and two great-grandchildren. He was curator of the Geological Museum in London and is fondly remembered by many work colleagues and friends. There will be a family celebration of his life on 28th April. Online ref: A223508 EDBROOKE.—Donald Ralph died peacefully on 8th April 2018, aged 84. He will be greatly missed by family and friends. Funeral at Exeter & Devon Crematorium on 30th April at 12.30 p.m. Family ﬂowers only. Donations, if desired, to Medicins Sans Fronties. All enquiries to Crews & Son, 16 Tower Street, Exmouth, EX8 1NT. Tel: 01395 225522. Online ref: 552445 GRAHAM.—Catherine. Peacefully on Tuesday 10th April 2018. Catherine, beloved wife of Angus, loving mother of Simon and Philippa and a dear grandmother of Hattie, Tom, Joe, Alex, Poppy and Harry. A service of thanksgiving will be announced at a later date. Online ref: 552280 GREEN.—Kenneth Charles 'Ken', of Cobham, Surrey, sadly passed away on 3rd March 2018 aged 78. Loved dearly by his wife Margaret and missed by his friends. The Funeral Service will take place at St Mary's Church, Stoke Road, Stoke D'Abernon, Cobham, Surrey KT11 3PX on Wednesday 9th May at 12 noon followed by a private committal. Family ﬂowers only please and donations, if desired, to The Princess Alice Hospice via Lodge Brothers, 3 Hollyhedge Road, Cobham, Surrey, KT11 3DQ www.lodgebrothers.co.uk Online ref: 552371 HALFHIDE.—Stasia Chriss (née Pearce) formerly of Maidenhead. Passed away on 6th April aged 83 years. Much loved wife to Ian, she will be sadly missed by all who knew and loved her. Funeral Service to take place on Wednesday 2nd May at St Michael's Church, Bray at 2 p.m. followed by a burial at Oakley Green Cemetery at 3 p.m. Family ﬂowers only please but donations, if so desired, to Swan Lifeline c/o F G Pymm & Son Funeral Directors, 65 Moorbridge Road, Maidenhead, SL6 8LT, 01628 623822. Online ref: 552133 LORD.—Anthony (Tony) Hugh Fraser, on 15th March 2018, aged 64 years. A much loved father to Stephanie and brother to Tim and Deborah. He will be sadly missed by family and friends. Funeral at 11.30 a.m. on Thursday 3rd May at St Peter’s Church, Cranbourne, Berkshire, SL4 2EG. Flowers c/o Lines Bannister Funeral Directors, 69 High Street, Ascot, SL5 7HP. Online ref: 552389 SINCLAIR.—Angela, peacefully at home on 11th April, aged 81 years. Funeral on 25th April at 2.30 p.m. at All Saint's Church, Ham, Marlborough, Wilts. Family ﬂowers only. Donations, if desired, to Parkinson's UK c/o Dianne Mackinder Funeral Service, Wagon Yard, London Road, Marlborough, Wilts, SN8 1LH. Tel: 01672 512444. "With Christ, which is far better." Online ref: 552443 LOWE.—Peter Giﬀen Eaton, on 13th April 2018, mourned by wife Susan, sons Andrew and Richard and his 3 grandchildren. Online ref: A223523 SMART.—Leonora Dennis (née Burton) died on 7th April 2018. Beloved wife of Peter. Service: Clydebank Crematorium, North Dalnottar, 21st April, 11.30 a.m. Voluntary donation to Christ's Hospital. Online ref: A223512 MAUDE.—Henry Cornwallis, died at home on Holy Saturday, 31st March, aged 90. Beloved husband of Georgina and father of Francis, Arabella, Diana and Anthony, and grandfather of Danny, Joseph, Mirabel, Max and Tolly. Funeral on Friday 27th April at 2.30 p.m. at St Mary's Church, Wingham, Canterbury, CT3 1BB. Please no ﬂowers. Online ref: 552453 NICHOLAS.—Brian, Lt Cdr (Retd) sadly passed away on Friday 6th April. The Funeral Service will be held at Portchester Crematorium at 3.30 p.m. 3rd May. Family ﬂowers only please. Donations, if desired, to Help for Heroes via www.brian-nicholas-19322018.muchloved.com Online ref: A35844 SMITH.—Barbara, aged 88 years, passed away peacefully on 11th April 2018. Beloved wife of the late Robert, loving Mum to Graham and Karen. She will be greatly missed by all her family and friends. Funeral Service to be held on 26th April 2018 at St Gregory’s Church, Seaton at 12 noon. Family ﬂowers only. Donations, if desired, for Seaton Friends Hospiscare @ Home at the service or c/o Hansfords Funeral Service, Bay View, Trevelyan Road, Seaton EX12 2NL. Online ref: 552350 SMITH.—Gene Constance, died 11th April 2018, aged 93. Much loved mother of Joanna and James, grandmother to Sarah, Sam, Lizzie, Charlie and Libby, great grandmother to Buster. She was an inspiration to us all. Funeral on 2nd May at 1.20 p.m. at Worthing Crematorium, Muntham Chapel. Enquiries: Freeman Brothers, Billingshurst. Family ﬂowers only, donations to Action For Children. Online ref: A223531 PARKINSON.—John Douglas, Veterinary Surgeon, Farmer and Major, RAVC (Retd), died peacefully on April 5th 2018, aged 98 years. Husband, father, grandfather, great grandfather, and friend to many, he will be buried at St Andrew's Church in Dent on April 20th. A separate Celebration of his life will be held at St John the Baptist's in Arkholme at 12.30 p.m. and there will be a gathering at the family home at 1.45 p.m. We look forward to seeing you there. All enquiries to Robert & Kathryn Caunce, Ascension & Cliﬀ Small Funerals, Ascension House, Copy Lane, Caton LA2 9QZ. Tel: 01524 770886. Online ref: 552441 SOLOMONS.—Jean Solomons, beloved wife of Anthony Solomons, died on 15th April 2018 after a long illness. Funeral Service will be held at Golders Green Crematorium, Hoop Lane, London, NW11 7NL at 12 noon on Wednesday 18th April 2018. No ﬂowers please. Online ref: A223533 REES.—David Minton, died peacefully at home on Monday 9th April. He will be much missed by family and friends. A Service of Memorial celebrating his life will be held on Wednesday 9th May 2 p.m. at St Mary The Virgin Church, Ruﬀed, Lancashire. Online ref: A223514 JESUS ANSWERED them, Do ye now believe? Behold, the hour cometh, yea, is now come, that ye shall be scattered, every man to his own, and shall leave me alone: and yet I am not alone, because the Father is with me. These things I have spoken unto you, that in me ye might have peace. In the world ye shall have tribulation: but be of good cheer; I have overcome the world. John 6.31-33 RICHARDSON.—On 5th April 2018, Dennis George, aged 92 years of Pointon, Lincs. Funeral Service at South Lincolnshire Crematorium on Wednesday 25th April at 2 p.m. No ﬂowers by request, donations, if desired, to The Lincs & Notts Air Ambulance Appeal c/o J.E. Severs Funeral Service, 26 Main Road, Little Hale, Sleaford, Lincs. Tel: 01529 460339. Online ref: 552415 SEDGWICK.—Juliet, née Beebee, much loved mother of Anna, Katie, Emily and Richard, and grandmother of Nina, Esme and Louis, died 15th April 2018 peacefully at St Richard's Hospital, Chichester. Online ref: 552436 SHARP.—Ernest (Ernie) Arthur Thomas, died peacefully on 10th April 2018, aged 97 years. He will be sadly missed by all his family and friends. The Funeral Service will take place at Croydon Crematorium, Thornton Road, CR7 6BB, on Friday 4th May 12.15 p.m. Family ﬂowers only please. Donations, if desired, to Alzheimer’s Society, in memory of his late wife Kathleen, can be made via the Pinks Funeral Directors web page, click on the Tributes and Donation section. All enquiries to Pinks Funeral Directors. Tel: 020 86579922. Online ref: A223519 STAIT.—Ursula Victoria, passed away peacefully at Sunrise Care Home, Solihull, on Sunday 8th April 2018. Widow of John, devoted and loving mother to her twin sons Geoﬀrey and Richard. Beloved sister of Diana, Stewart and the late Brian and sister-in-law to Elizabeth. Loving grandmother of Gemma, Jessica, Savannah, Alexander, Samantha and Jack and greatgrandmother to Millie. Dearly loved and sadly missed by all her family and friends. Funeral Service at the MidWarwickshire Crematorium, Oakley Wood, CV33 9QP, on Thursday 10th May at 11.30 a.m. in the South Chapel. Family ﬂowers only please. Donations for Alzheimer’s Society may be left at the service, or sent c/o R. Locke and Son, Caution Corner, Brailes, Banbury, OX15 5AZ. Tel: 01608 685274. Online ref: 552432 STEEL.—Doreen. Peacefully in Mobberley, Cheshire on Wednesday 11th April 2018. Doreen, aged 86 years, devoted wife of the late Malcolm and much loved mother of David and Christopher. Funeral Service and Committal at Vale Royal Crematorium on Monday 23rd April at 12.15 p.m. Family ﬂowers only please, donations, if wished for Alzheimer’s Society. Donations and enquiries to Dodgson’s Funeral Service, 25 Manchester Road, Knutsford, WA16 0LY. Tel: 01565 634251. Online ref: 552427 VERDEN ANDERSON.—Tragically in a diving accident, Gavin, beloved husband of Jenny. Precious son of David and Valery, and son-in-law of David and Julie Poole. Devoted father to Josh and stepfather to Arthur and Tom. Loving brother to Sally and Jamie. Talented underwater photographer taken in the prime of life, aged 53. He will be hugely missed. Funeral arrangements later. Online ref: A223516 WEAKLEY.—Margaret Susan (née Coles), died peacefully on 6th April 2018 in Cardiﬀ. She will be greatly missed by all her family. Funeral 1.15 p.m. on 24th April at Morriston Cemetery Chapel, Swansea. Enquiries to J. Pidgeon & Son, tel: 02920 226604. Online ref: 552395 WILLIAMS.—Caroline Mary. Died in Guernsey on 12th April. Loved partner of Roger Perrot. The Funeral will be held at St Saviour’s Church on Monday 23rd April at 11 a.m. Online ref: 552342 *** The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 17 April 2018 27 Obituaries Wing Commander Henry Cobb Peter Grünberg Airman who enlisted at 18 and flew numerous bombing operations before training as a test pilot W ING COMMANDER HENRY COBB, who has died aged 95, flew Wellington bombers on night attacks and shadowing operations against enemy coastal naval forces; he was awarded the DSO and the DFC. Already a veteran of 30 bombing operations over North-west Europe and North Africa, Cobb was appointed to the newly formed No 524 Squadron in April 1944. The squadron flew specially modified Wellington bombers from an airfield in Devon. Its role was to attack enemy E-boats (heavily armed fast patrol boats) and fly anti-submarine patrols off the north French coast at night. It also shadowed and illuminated enemy coastal shipping for Beaufighter strike aircraft to attack with rockets. During the build up to D-Day in June, it was important to prevent U-boats entering the western end of the English Channel and to attack E-boats that could pose a significant threat to the Allied landings in Normandy. On May 16 Cobb spent four hours shadowing and attacking a force of E-boats. On July 6 he attacked another nine and continued shadowing them to provide reports for follow-on attacks. With Allied forces well established in Normandy, the squadron moved to Norfolk. On August 9 Cobb illuminated a force of E-boats for Beaufighters. The boats were close inshore and, hindered by low cloud, Cobb had to make several runs across the mouth of the Seine at Le Havre to provide directions, enabling the Beaufighters to make a successful attack. Two nights later, one of the two engines of his Wellington failed while flying at low level, but he managed to gain just enough height to reach the coast and make a crash landing. On August 17 he was operating off the Dutch coast when he made another attack, this time against five E-boats. He continued to shadow them for an hour and provide accurate reports for other forces to engage Italian coast. After completing 30 war sorties he returned to Britain and began a series of specialist anti-shipping courses before joining No 524 Squadron. After the war he flew Liberator transport aircraft before converting to the Lancaster to fly maritime patrol sorties, first with Coastal Command and then with No 38 Squadron in Malta as a flight commander for two years. In 1952 he attended the Empire Test Pilots’ School at Farnborough and at the end of the year-long course he remained there with the Armament and Guided Weapons Flight, when he flew the early jet fighters and bombers. For his work as a test pilot he was awarded the AFC. During his time as a staff officer in Malaya in 1958 Cobb was involved in the formation of the Malayan Air Force. He returned to the UK in October 1959 and spent the next six years as a test pilot, first with the RAF Handling Squadron at Boscombe Down and then at Farnborough in the Department of Human Engineering, where he tested pressure suits and helmets for the V-Bombers and other high-flying aircraft. He took voluntary retirement from the RAF in December 1967 and moved to Aden as deputy of the embryonic South Arabian Air Force. This proved to be a difficult time for Cobb and his wife who, after a few months, found themselves confined to their house before they were able to leave. In the early 1970s he served with the Sultan of Oman’s Air Force. Later he learnt to fly helicopters and for a number of years worked as a crop-spraying pilot in the UK, Africa and the US. He retired to South Africa before moving to the Charente region of France. Keen on watching nature and reading, he enjoyed his whisky and red wine. Henry Cobb married Rosamund in 1953. She and their two daughters survive him. Cobb, left, with fellow officers at their base in Devon: later in life he flew jet fighters and helicopters the enemy. He won an immediate DFC. In September he carried out a successful attack on merchant shipping in the Wilhelmshaven anchorage. He encountered heavy anti-aircraft fire but dropped his bombs, leaving a large ship on fire. Throughout the winter of 1944-45 he attacked more shipping and, at the end of the war, he was awarded an immediate DSO. The citation stated: “His record of courage and flying skill have earned him an outstanding reputation, and he sets a magnificent example.” Henry James Cobb was born on May 31 1922 at Chelmsford and educated at Worthing High School. He was just 18 when he enlisted in the RAF and trained as a pilot. In September 1941 he joined No 458 Squadron to fly Wellingtons. He took part on raids against Düsseldorf, Mannheim and Aachen. In February 1942 the squadron left for the Middle East and Cobb and his crew ferried one of the aircraft to Egypt. He bombed Tobruk on five occasions before moving to Malta, where he flew torpedo strikes and mine-laying operations off the Henry Cobb, born May 31 1922, died March 22 2018 His Honour George Dobry H IS HONOUR GEORGE DOBRY, who has died aged 99, was one of Britain’s leading planning lawyers; after the end of Communism he went on to build a successful legal practice in his native Poland. Dobry’s pre-eminence in the field was recognised in 1973 when the Conservative Environment Secretary Geoffrey Rippon asked him to conduct a sweeping review of the “outdated” planning laws. Dobry worked up a series of recommendations, especially for speeding up the granting of planning permission and getting councils to show a more positive approach. “Planning permission should be granted unless there is a sound and clear cut planning reason for refusal,” Dobry declared. “The presumption is ‘Yes’. ” Dobry’s report landed in 1975 on the desk of Rippon’s Labour successor Anthony Crosland, who rejected most of its recommendations. However, Crosland did send out a circular to councils stressing: “The onus … lies on the authority to show that proposed development is not acceptable, rather than on the applicant to show that it is.” And over the years, most of his recommendations were adopted. As a barrister and later as a judge, Dobry showed authority and humanity. He had a nose for which aspects of a scheme – a slip road, for example – had been included so that they could later be left out as a concession to objectors. He coped well as planning inquiries became highly adversarial. In 1978 and newly appointed a Crown Court recorder, Dobry took charge of the inquiry at Swanley into the route of the M25 through Kent. When anti-motorway protesters broke into Daisy, Daisy to disrupt it, he told them: “That was my favourite song.” When they kept on singing, Dobry told them: “I’ve always wanted to be a conductor.” George Leon Severyn Dobry was born on November 1 1918 into a Jewish family in Warsaw. His father, a lawyer, wanted him to learn English and study Economics, so in 1936 he enrolled at Edinburgh University, taking an MA in 1939. Apart from brief visits before the war, which his sister in Warsaw survived, he would not return to Poland until after the fall of Communism. When Hitler invaded Poland, Dobry joined the Polish army, fighting in Norway. After the allied withdrawal to Britain, he joined the Polish Parachute Brigade, earning a mention in despatches. In 1942 he was transferred to the Polish air force to work on intelligence. During his war service Dobry studied for the Bar and after demobilisation in 1946 he was called at the Inner Temple; he would be elected a Bencher in 1977. He was, in 1956, a founder member of Justice, the all-party law reform and human rights organisation. Many of his early briefs were to represent objectors to plans by London County Council to compulsorily purchase rambling old houses and use the sites for highdensity housing. In 1964 he represented the LCC when locals objected to plans for a second fire station for Knightsbridge, almost opposite Harrods. In 1970 Dobry, now a QC, secured for its owner the possession of a house in Mayfair taken over by a cult calling itself the Church of the Final Judgment. He told the High Court: “What the cult believes is that Lucifer, Jehovah and Satan have become, or are about to become, friends.” Having seen most of his proposals in the ERNEST JONES/ANL/REX/SHUTTERSTOCK Planning lawyer who tried to persuade councils to show a positive approach to new developments Dobry in 1969: he collected calculators Dobry Report killed off by Crosland, he remained convinced the planning system was too cumbersome. He told MPs in 1976 that the Department of the Environment had “abdicated its responsibility”, with an attitude to planning that was “lethargic, unco-operative and unconstructive.” Dobry served on the Docklands Joint Committee from 1974 to 1976, making a first stab at planning the future of an area of London that was mired in industrial dereliction. From 1980 to 1992 he sat as a circuit judge. His most high-profile case, in 1990, involved his annulment of a couple’s five-year marriage on the ground that both were men. While the wife had undergone a sex-change operation before they married, in the eyes of the law the wife remained a man. It was the first such case involving a marriage in Britain. The end of Communism brought early re-engagement with the country of his birth. In 1991 Dobry founded the British Centre for English and European Legal Studies at Warsaw University, running a two-year course in co-operation with Cambridge University. In 1994 Warsaw conferred on him a Dr Juris. He also founded the Polish-British Legal Association, and, in 1997, the Lord Slynn of Hadley European Law Foundation, which seeks to develop the rule of law in Eastern Europe and the Near East; initially, it made headway in Ukraine and Turkey. As a young barrister in the 1950s, Dobry had been legal secretary of the International Commission of Jurists, and in 2000 he reviewed the state of international legal relations for the Lord Chancellor, Lord Irvine of Lairg. In 2004 he founded Oxford University’s Roy Jenkins Memorial Foundation. Dobry, who wrote or edited numerous law books, was appointed CBE in 1977 and Commander, Starred Cross, of Poland’s Order of Merit in 1999. That year he was also presented with the Gold Medal of the Polish Bar. He kept an impressive array of early calculators on his desk, even if he was not always certain about how to operate them. George Dobry married Margaret Headley Smith in 1948; she died in 1978. In 1982 he married, secondly, Rosemary Alexander, founder of the English Gardening School, who survives him with two daughters from his first marriage. His Honour George Dobry, born November 1 1918, died March 14 2018 R Lee Ermey Actor who brought terrifying realism to his role as a foul-mouthed drill sergeant in Full Metal Jacket R Ermey on the set of Full Metal Jacket: he came up with a lot of his dialogue himself, ‘specifically the insult stuff’ ALAMY LEE ERMEY, who has died aged 74, was a Marine turned actor whose performance as the brutal drill sergeant in Stanley Kubrick’s Full Metal Jacket (1987) became seared on the memories of cinemagoers and raw recruits alike. Ermey had initially been hired as a technical adviser to Kubrick on his anti-war satire, which follows a platoon of US Marines through their training and on to the battle-torn streets of Vietnam. Yet he had his eye on the crucial role of Gunnery Sgt Hartman and submitted his own audition tape: a recording of him berating the British actors hoping to play recruits. Kubrick later recalled that about half of Sgt Hartman’s dialogue in the film itself – “specifically the insult stuff ” – was Ermey’s invention. Relentless, profane and often racially charged, its tone was established in the character’s opening words: “I am Gunnery Sergeant Hartman, your senior drill instructor. From now on you will speak only when spoken to, and the first and last words out of your filthy sewers will be ‘Sir’. Do you maggots understand that?” Ermey made a point of not going through lines with the actors – among them Matthew Modine and Vincent D’Onofrio – who played the raw recruits, so that the shock on their faces once the cameras rolled could be as authentic as possible. Instead, he practised his delivery in a 50 ft-long rehearsal room, with Kubrick’s assistant Leon Vitali acting as drill sergeant to the drill sergeant, pelting him with oranges and tennis balls until he had delivered 20 perfect “takes” in a row. Critics singled Ermey out for the authenticity of his performance and he received a Golden Globe nomination. But he was at pains to point out that dramatic convenience had occasionally won out over realism: a drill sergeant would never have hit his recruits across the face, for example, instead limiting himself to a “little slap in the solar plexus”. Minor details aside, the film went down well with many in the Marine Corps. “I got nothing but compliments,” Ermey recalled. He went on to act in more than 70 other feature films, usually in the role of military man or hard-bitten authority figure. Ronald Lee Ermey was born in Emporia, Kansas, on March 24 1944 and grew up on a farm just outside the city of Edwardsville. His father was a strict disciplinarian and Ermey recalled that he “got a beating every day whether I needed it or not”. The family moved to Washington when he was a teenager and before long he was getting into trouble, joyriding and drinking. A judge eventually gave him the choice between jail or the military. He attended the Marine Corps boot camp in San Diego, was stationed in Vietnam for 14 months and did two tours in Okinawa, Japan, before retiring due to injury. Moving to Manila in the Philippines, he began studying drama and fell in with an American casting director who got him a job as a technical adviser and helicopter pilot on Francis Ford Coppola’s Apocalypse Now (1979). He also took a part as a drill instructor in The Boys in Company C (1978). His big break came with Full Metal Jacket, when he landed the advisory role by sending Kubrick an eight-page list of all the “inaccuracies” in the original novel. Filming in England had to be put on hold after Ermey broke his ribs in a car accident and Kubrick subsequently decided to reshoot several of his scenes, extending total filming time to 14 months. The actor Dorian Harewood later called the experience “as close to war as I ever want to get”. Ermey’s subsequent films included Mississippi Burning (1988), Toy Soldiers (1991) and Se7en (1995). He reprised the sergeant role in a more light-hearted vein with the Toy Story films (as the voice of the inch-high plastic Sarge), and in episodes of The Simpsons and Family Guy. A board member of the National Rifle Association and a spokesman for the firearms company Glock, he was also part of a competitive rifle-shooting team that included Donald Trump Jr. He is survived by his wife Nila and by their four children. R Lee Ermey, born March 24 1944, died April 15 2018 German physicist whose work paved the way for smartphones P ETER GRÜNBERG, who has died aged 78, was a German solid state physicist who shared the 2007 Nobel Prize in Physics with the French scientist Albert Fert for their development of a novel technology used to read data He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics on hard disks, allowing them to be device based on the effect miniaturised, thus paving was launched in 1997 and is the way for gadgets such as now the standard the MP3 player, the technology behind a smartphone and iPod. consumer goods market In 1988 both men, worth billions. The Nobel working separately, Prize Committee observed discovered a hitherto that GMR “can also be unknown magnetic effect considered one of the first known as giant real applications of the magnetoresistance (GMR), promising field of whereby a small magnetic nanotechnology”. field can induce a large Peter Andreas Grünberg change in the electrical was born on May 18 1939 to a conductivity of a material Sudeten German family in composed of sandwiched Pilsen, Bohemia, two nanolayers (ie, only a few months after the area had millionths of a millimetre been occupied by Germany, thick) of magnetic and becoming an autonomous non-magnetic materials. Nazi-administered territory The magnetic layers behave as the Protectorate of a little like bar magnets Bohemia and Moravia (now pointing in one of two the Czech Republic). His directions, north or south. father was an engineer who When a current is worked for the Skoda induced into this sandwich, factory in Pilsen designing electrons move through the locomotives. layers. However, the degree The family was interned of hindrance they by the Czechoslovak experience is different authorities after the war. depending upon an intrinsic Peter’s father died in prison quantum characteristic of towards the end of 1945 and electrons that scientists call was buried in a mass grave. “spin” (even though the The rest of the family, electrons are not actually including seven-year-old spinning). Instead, “spin” Peter, was expelled from means each electron acts Czechoslovakia in 1946 and like a miniature magnet settled at Lauterbach, pointing either up or down. Hesse. In the magnetic layers He went on to study at the this spin can be aligned to or Johann Wolfgang Goethe counter to the direction of University in Frankfurt and the bar magnet. The upshot the Darmstadt University of is that electrons with a spin Technology, where he took in one direction will move a degree in Physics followed more freely and hence be by a PhD. From 1969 to 1972 the predominant carriers of he did postdoctoral work at the current through the Carleton University in layer, so the flow of Ottawa, Canada. He later electrons through the joined the Institute for Solid sandwich can be controlled State Physics in the western by the relative arrangement German town of Jülich, of the bar magnets of the top where he remained until his and bottom layers. retirement in 2004. The discovery paved the Apart from the Nobel way to storing individual Prize, Grünberg’s work was bits of data as magnetic recognised with several domains on a spinning disk, more prizes, including the with the changes in Wolf Prize in Physics, the conductivity they induce in 2006 European Inventor of a reading head held over the the Year award of the disk capable of being turned European Commission, and into signals that a computer the 2007 Japan Prize. can process. The result has In 1966 he married Helma been that the amount of Prausa, with whom he had data computers can store two daughters and a son. has grown even faster than their ability to process it. Peter Grünberg, born May The first disk-reading 18 1939, died April 7 2018 28 *** Tuesday 17 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph Television & radio Last night on television Michael Hogan Eavesdropping on this conversation was a joy L A regal pair: David Attenborough and the Queen discussed their love of trees ast night saw television royalty join forces with the real thing in The Queen’s Green Planet (ITV). This life-affirming documentary followed Her Majesty’s ambitious project to create a vast network of protected forests, spanning the 53 countries of the Commonwealth. The programme’s centrepiece was a lovely conversation between the Queen and David Attenborough as they strolled through Buckingham Palace’s gardens last summer. Eavesdropping on their relaxed chat was a joy. When they tutted about Health & Safety gone mad or a noisy helicopter overhead (amusingly, the Queen blamed it on President Trump), it was like any two pensioners enjoying a moan about the modern world. At one moment, she laughed at a bent sapling, wondering if “somebody sat on it at a garden party”. The film also followed members of the Royal family helping make the QCC (Queen’s Commonwealth Canopy) a reality. The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge planted trees in Canada’s Great Bear Rainforest – also taking time to catch salmon with their bare hands. (The Duchess was better at it.) Prince Harry mucked in, demonstrating his flair for public occasions as he danced, drummed and downed local tipples in the Caribbean. “I’m closing in on my half century of trees planted,” he told some giggling schoolgirls, “but I reckon the Queen is up in the thousands.” Attenborough described the tree-planting tradition as “a sort of royal ‘I woz ‘ere’.” Just to add another A-list name to an already starry cast, Hollywood actress Angelina Jolie took her family to plant trees in the Namibian desert. Jolie flew the single-engine plane herself and was infectiously passionate about the project. Even Boris Johnson popped up with a typically verbose comic contribution. This was a classily produced film, handsomely shot in verdant greens, the camerawork intimate yet unobtrusive as Attenborough and the Queen took time to smell the roses. As the 91-year-olds stood admiring a pair of magnificent London planes, it drove home how treelike they are themselves: strong, noble and steeped in history. A ll across Britain, people are having ideas,” said Karren Brady at the start of Give it a Year (ITV), sounding worryingly like spoof documentary dimwit Philomena Cunk. “But are they good or bad ones?” Well, this new business series was quite a goody. Not to be confused with ITV stablemate This Time Next Year – a makeover show, produced by the same company, with a spookily similar premise – it saw The Apprentice’s killer queen meet budding entrepreneurs as they went it alone. Brady checked in at the launch of each venture, before flashing forward to see what happened when they – drum roll – “gave it a year”. Would they make a mint or lose a fortune? One of each, it transpired. Sarah Butler hired out giant lightup letters for weddings. Could she turn it from a garage-run hobby to a full-time concern? Lack of confidence led her to seek advice from beyond the grave. “I’ve seen three mediums,” she confessed. “My grandad came through and said he could see me with my own business.” Struggling to keep a straight face, Brady told her she needed self-belief, not counsel from dead relatives. Within a year, Butler had taken on staff, tripled her turnover and even stopped seeing psychics. A happy ending all round. Next up was Mancunian inventor Thomas Gostelow, who’d cracked a quintessentially British problem: how to keep your tea warm. Sadly, Brady didn’t think the idea was so hot. He was charging £70 for a self-heating mug or a spit-out-your-tea £1,000 for an “elite” version. As the exasperated Brady left Thomas to it, he was selling one per day. According to his website now, they’re priced at £129. Truly a mug’s game. Give it a Year was jazzed up with Britain’s Got Talent-style shooting star graphics and copious close-ups of Brady’s high heels, clip-clopping along purposefully. But she also showed a warmer, more supportive side to the uncompromising demeanour she dispays next to Lord Sugar. The half-hour format, with snappily told stories, was diverting enough that my tea went cold while watching it. Just don’t get any ideas, Thomas. The Queen’s Green Planet ★★★★ Give it a Year ★★★ What to watch the tag-line for this intriguing six-part drama when it aired in France, a nerve-shredding mystery about a group of friends trapped in the Alps in a remote chalet that slowly reveals its dark past. GO Stephen: The Murder that Changed a Nation BBC ONE, 9.00PM Twenty-five years ago, 18-year-old Stephen Lawrence was stabbed to death at a bus stop in Eltham, south London, by a gang of six white youths in an unprovoked attack. The murder sent shock waves through British society – not least for the battle that Stephen’s parents faced to overcome failings in the Metropolitan Police investigation that left the killers free for years, and the subsequent conclusion of a public inquiry, led by judge William Macpherson, that the force was institutionally racist. This absorbing three-part documentary – showing on consecutive nights this week – from film-makers James Rogan, Asif Kapadia and James Gay-Rees (the last two Oscar winners for their documentary about the late Amy Winehouse) sifts through the history and legacy of Britain’s most notorious racially motivated murder. Tonight’s opening part focuses on the run-up to Stephen’s murder and the initial investigation, during which his parents Doreen and Neville remained baffled as to why Legion FOX, 9.00PM Fox’s Marvel adaptation certainly doesn’t dial down the weirdness factor as it strikes out on a second series of adventures as telepathic, schizophrenic mutant David Haller (Downton Abbey’s Dan Stevens) embarks on another epic battle with his own personal demon, the Shadow King. GO Factual Top of the Shop with Tom Kerridge BBC TWO, 8.00PM Artisan food is the focus of this new eight-parter as producers of everything from smoked cheese to pickles and preserves are pitted against each other Tragic: Stephen Lawrence was murdered 25 years ago no arrests were made. Contributors include them, Stephen’s friend and witness to the murder farming on a remote Scottish loch. GO Comedy Cunk on Britain My Turban and Me BBC TWO, 10.00PM; NI, 11.15PM More skewed history from Philomena Cunk (Diane Morgan) who this week grapples with the Victorian era. Guests include Chris Packham, who sheds light on one of Cunk’s favourite subjects: Charles Darwin’s “invention” of evolution. GO Documentary Paradise Hunters CHANNEL 4, 9.00PM This one-off documentary follows two disillusioned millennials Duwayne Brooks, and former Met commissioner Paul Condon. Gerard O’Donovan BBC ONE, 10.45PM; SCOTLAND, 11.45PM Top of the Shop: Tom Kerridge who ditch dull lives and workplaces to pursue their dreams. Katie turns her back on video-distribution in London to saddle up at a 550,000-acre ranch in Mexico, while Charlie swaps a call centre in Brighton for salmon Glaswegian actor and comedian Sanjeev Kohli (best known for his role as Navid in the BBC sitcom Still Game) explores the significance of wearing the turban and why it is again becoming more popular as an expression of faith for British Sikhs. GO Drama The Chalet NETFLIX, FROM TODAY “When Stephen King meets Agatha Christie” was Legion: Dan Stevens in a slightly contrived battle for popularity based at a tiny food shop in the Yorkshire Dales. GO Tate Britain’s Great Art Walks SKY ARTS, 9.00PM A second six-part series gets off to a terrific start as art historian Gus CaselyHayford invites comedian Billy Connolly to join him for an illuminating stroll around the pretty Berkshire village of Cookham, the former home of the artist Stanley Spencer and background to so many of his best-loved works. GO Radio choice Charlotte Runcie BBC World Hacks: Problem Solving Prizes WORLD SERVICE, 8.00PM Is the promise of a reward the best way to convince researchers and experts to solve the world’s problems? That’s the question posed in this evening’s edition, which considers how competition – and the potential for personal glory and significant financial incentive – can be used to nudge great minds towards helping society. It’s not a new idea: the Longitude Prize in the 1700s incentivised scientists to invent reliable timekeeping and navigational instruments that would work at sea. Radio 1 FM 97.6-99.8MHz 6.30 am The Radio 1 Breakfast Show with Nick Grimshaw 10.00 Clara Amfo 12.45 pm Newsbeat 1.00 Scott Mills 4.00 Greg James 5.45 Newsbeat 6.00 Greg James 7.00 Annie Mac 9.00 The 8th with Charlie Sloth 11.00 Huw Stephens 1.00 am Annie Nightingale 3.00 Movies That Made Me: Emily Blunt and Tom Cruise 4.00 - 6.30am Radio 1’s Early Breakfast Show with Adele Roberts Radio 2 FM 88-90.2MHz 6.30 9.30 12.00 2.00 5.00 7.00 8.00 10.00 11.00 11.30 12.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 am Chris Evans Ken Bruce Jeremy Vine pm Steve Wright in the Afternoon Simon Mayo Jamie Cullum Jo Whiley Blood on the Tracks Nigel Ogden: The Organist Entertains Listen to the Band Sounds of the 80s am Radio 2’s Folk Playlist Radio 2 Playlist: 90s Hits Radio 2 Playlist: Wednesday Workout - 6.30am Vanessa Feltz Radio 3 FM 90.2-92.4MHz 6.30 am Breakfast 9.00 Essential Classics 12.00 Composer of the Week: Verdi 1.00 pm News 1.02 Radio 3 Lunchtime Concert. Performances by the Castalian Quartet and Mr McFall’s Chamber Ensemble from the East Neuk Festival, featuring Ravel’s String 2.00 4.30 5.00 7.00 7.30 10.00 10.45 11.00 12.30 Quartet and a new work by Henning Sommerro Afternoon Concert BBC Young Musician 2018 In Tune In Tune Mixtape Radio 3 in Concert Free Thinking The Essay: Secret Admirers Late Junction - 6.30am Through the Night Radio 4 FM 92.4-94.6MHz; LW 198KHz 6.00 8.30 9.00 9.30 9.45 9.45 10.00 11.00 11.30 12.00 12.01 12.04 12.15 1.00 1.45 2.00 2.15 3.00 3.30 4.00 4.30 5.00 5.54 6.00 6.30 7.00 7.15 7.45 8.00 8.40 9.00 9.30 10.00 10.45 11.00 11.30 am Today LW: Yesterday in Parliament The Long View Nature’s Great Invaders FM: Book of the Week: Dearest Squirrel LW: Daily Service Woman’s Hour The Second Genome The Voices of News pm LW: Shipping Forecast Home Front Call You and Yours The World at One Chinese Characters The Archers ◆ Drama: 19 Weeks. See Radio choice The Kitchen Cabinet Costing the Earth Word of Mouth Great Lives PM LW: Shipping Forecast Six O’Clock News Love in Recovery The Archers Front Row She Said/He Said Russians in Britain: A Handbook In Touch Inconspicuous Consumption The Long View The World Tonight Book at Bedtime: Nikesh Shukla – The One Who Wrote Destiny Richard Marsh: Cardboard Heart Today in Parliament The Documentary: Islands on the Front Line WORLD SERVICE, 10.00PM It’s all too easy to assume that because in this country we can’t always see the direct effects of climate change, that it’s happening slowly and climate-related disaster belongs only to the distant future. But as Regina 12.00 News and Weather 12.30 am Book of the Week: Dearest Squirrel 12.48 Shipping Forecast 1.00 As World Service 5.20 Shipping Forecast 5.30 News Briefing 5.43 Prayer for the Day 5.45 Farming Today 5.58 - 6.00am Tweet of the Day Radio 5 Live MW 693 & 909KHz 6.00 am 5 Live Breakfast 10.00 The Emma Barnett Show with Anna Foster 1.00 pm Afternoon Edition 4.00 5 Live Drive 7.00 5 Live Sport 7.45 5 Live Sport: Premier League Football 2017-18. Brighton & Hove Albion v Tottenham Hotspur (kick-off 7.45pm) 10.00 5 Live Sport: 5 Live Football Social 10.30 Phil Williams 1.00 am Up All Night 5.00 Morning Reports 5.15 - 6.00am Wake Up to Money Classic FM FM 99.9-101.9MHz 6.00 9.00 1.00 5.00 7.00 8.00 am More Music Breakfast John Suchet pm Anne-Marie Minhall Classic FM Drive Smooth Classics at Seven The Full Works Concert. The first of two concerts celebrating spring, including pieces by Vaughan Williams, Glazunov, Beethoven and Tchaikovsky 10.00 Smooth Classics 1.00 - 6.00am Sam Pittis World Service DIGITAL ONLY 6.00am Newsday 8.06 BBC World Hacks 8.30 Business Daily 8.50 Witness 9.00 News 9.06 The Forum 9.50 Sporting Witness 10.00 World Lepping of the Solomon Islands explains during this trip around her homeland, climate change is already happening before our eyes, visible in rising sea levels and unpredictable weather. Lepping meets local communities who are taking action to raise awareness and make practical steps, such as planting coral. Update 11.00 The Newsroom 11.30 In the Studio 12.00 News 12.06pm Outlook 1.00 The Newsroom 1.30 The Documentary 2.00 Newshour 3.00 News 3.06 BBC World Hacks 3.30 World Business Report 4.00 BBC OS 6.00 News 6.06 Outlook 7.00 The Newsroom 7.30 Sport Today 8.00 News 8.06 HARDtalk 8.30 Click 9.00 Newshour 10.00 News 10.06 ◆ The Documentary: Islands On The Front Line. See Radio choice 10.30 In the Studio 11.00 News 11.06 The Newsroom 11.20 Sports News 11.30 World Business Report 12.00 News 12.06am The Forum 12.50 Sporting Witness 1.00 News 1.06 Business Matters 2.00 News 2.06 The Newsroom 2.30 The Documentary 3.00 News 3.06 Newsday 3.30 The Compass 4.00 News 4.06 Newsday 5.00 News 5.06 The Newsroom 5.30 - 6.00am Click Radio 4 Extra DIGITAL ONLY 6.00am Julie Enfield Investigates: The Net and the Canal 6.30 Forever 22 7.00 Arrested Development 7.30 Love in Recovery 8.00 The Ken Dodd Show 8.30 The Men from the Ministry 9.00 The News Quiz Extra 9.45 Helen Keen’s It Is Rocket Science 10.00 The BedSitting Room 11.00 Clown’s Shoes 11.15 The New Look 12.00 The Ken Dodd Show 12.30pm The Men from the Ministry 1.00 Julie Enfield Investigates: The Net and the Canal 1.30 Forever 22 2.00 Expo 58 2.15 Shakespeare’s Restless World 2.30 Tristram Shandy 2.45 The Love and Wars of Lina Prokofiev 3.00 The BedSitting Room 4.00 It’s Not What You Know 4.30 Ballylenon 5.00 Arrested Development 5.30 Love in Recovery 6.00 The Man Who Was Thursday 6.30 Pioneers 7.00 The Ken Dodd Show 7.30 The Men from the Ministry 8.00 Julie Enfield Investigates: The Net and the Canal 8.30 Forever 22 9.00 Clown’s Shoes 9.15 The New Look 10.00 Comedy Club 12.00 The Man Who Was Thursday 12.30am Pioneers 1.00 Julie Enfield Investigates: The Net and the Canal 1.30 Forever 22 2.00 Expo 58 2.15 Shakespeare’s Restless World 2.30 Tristram Shandy 2.45 The Love and Wars of Lina Prokofiev 3.00 The Bed-Sitting Room 4.00 It’s Not What You Know 4.30 Ballylenon 5.00 Arrested Development 5.30 - 6.00am Love in Recovery *** The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 17 April 2018 29 Today’s television FV Freeview FS Freesat (AD) Audio description (R) Repeat (S) Subtitles (SL) In-vision signing BBC One BBC Two ITV Channel 4 Channel 5 6.00 am Breakfast (S) 9.15 Health: Truth or Scare (S) 10.00 Homes Under the Hammer (AD) (S) 11.00 Heir Hunters (S) 11.45 Dom on the Spot (S) 12.15 pm Bargain Hunt (AD) (R) (S) 1.00 BBC News at One; Weather (S) 1.30 Regional News; Weather (S) 1.45 Doctors (AD) (S) 2.15 800 Words (AD) (S) 3.00 Escape to the Country (AD) (S) 3.45 Flipping Profit (AD) (S) 4.30 Flog It! (R) (S) 5.15 Pointless (S) 6.00 BBC News at Six; Weather (S) 6.30 Regional News; Weather (S) 6.55 Party Election Broadcast (S) 6.00 am Flog It! Trade Secrets (R) (S) 6.30 Heir Hunters (R) (S) 7.15 Health: Truth or Scare (R) (S) 8.00 Sign Zone: Sea Cities – Sunderland (R) (S) (SL) 9.00 Victoria Derbyshire (S) 11.00 BBC Newsroom Live (S) 12.00 Daily Politics (S) 1.00 pm The Super League Show (S) 1.45 Home Away from Home (R) (S) 2.30 Going Back, Giving Back (R) (S) 3.15 Trust Me, I’m a Doctor (R) (S) 4.15 Tigers About the House (AD) (R) (S) 5.15 Put Your Money Where Your Mouth Is (R) (S) 6.00 Eggheads (S) 6.30 Britain in Bloom (S) 6.00 am Good Morning Britain (S) 8.30 Lorraine (S) 9.25 The Jeremy Kyle Show (S) 10.30 This Morning (S) 12.30 pm Loose Women (S) 1.30 News; Weather (S) 1.55 Regional News; Weather (S) 2.00 Judge Rinder (S) 3.00 Tenable (S) 4.00 Tipping Point (S) 5.00 The Chase (S) 6.00 Regional News; Weather (S) 6.20 Party Election Broadcast (S) 6.30 News; Weather (S) 6.00 am Countdown (R) (S) 6.45 3rd Rock from the Sun (AD) (R) (S) 7.10 3rd Rock from the Sun (AD) (R) (S) 7.35 Everybody Loves Raymond (R) (S) 8.00 Everybody Loves Raymond (R) (S) 8.30 Frasier (R) (S) 9.00 Frasier (R) (S) 9.35 Frasier (R) (S) 10.05 Ramsay’s Hotel Hell (AD) (R) (S) 11.00 Undercover Boss USA (R) (S) 12.00 Channel 4 News (S) 12.05 pm Come Dine with Me (R) (S) 1.05 Posh Pawnbrokers (R) (S) 2.10 Countdown (S) 3.00 A Place in the Sun: Winter Sun (R) (S) 4.00 Escape to the Chateau: DIY (AD) (S) 5.00 Four in a Bed (R) (S) 5.30 Buy It Now (S) 6.00 The Simpsons (AD) (R) (S) 6.30 Hollyoaks (AD) (R) (S) 6.00 am Milkshake! 9.15 The Wright Stuff (S) 11.15 Traffic Cops (R) (S) 12.10 pm 5 News Lunchtime (S) 12.15 GPs: Behind Closed Doors (AD) (R) (S) 1.10 Access (S) 1.15 Home and Away (AD) (S) 1.45 Neighbours (AD) (S) 2.15 NCIS (AD) (R) (S) 3.15 FILM: Deadly Delusion (2017) Premiere. Thriller starring Haylie Duff (S) 5.00 5 News at 5 (R) (S) 5.30 Neighbours (AD) (R) (S) 6.00 Home and Away (AD) (R) (S) 6.30 5 News Tonight (S) Cunk on Britain This Time Next Year Holby City 7.00 The One Show Live chat and topical reports (S) 7.30 EastEnders Michelle tries to fix the mess she has got herself into (AD) (S) 7.00 Antiques Road Trip Kate Bliss and Paul Laidlaw’s trip starts in Wales and heads to Somerset (S) Paradise Hunters 7.00 The Yorkshire Vet Casebook Peter Wright receives an emergency call from farming clients Steve and Jean Green (S) 7.30 100 Year Old Driving School A 91-year-old former teacher attempts to prove she is a good driver. Last in the series (AD) (S) 8.00 Top of the Shop with Tom Kerridge New series. Four food producers with fledgling businesses test out their products See What to watch (AD) (S) 8.00 This Time Next Year Davina McCall meets a 45-year-old man who wants to track down his half-sister (AD) (S) 8.00 Class of Mum and Dad A few members of class 6M are beginning to test the boundaries (AD) (S) 8.00 The Yorkshire Vet New series. Julian Norton needs to pregnancy test a herd of cattle (S) 9.00 Stephen: The Murder That Changed a Nation New series. Documentary examining the death of Stephen Lawrence See What to watch (AD) (S) 9.00 Hospital Featuring patients at the Queen’s Medical Centre Paediatric Intensive Care Unit (S) 9.00 Last Laugh in Vegas With nothing going to plan, US producer Frank Marino plans to pull the show (AD) (S) 9.00 Paradise Hunters Two millennials start very different jobs in far-flung locations See What to watch (AD) (S) 9.00 Made in Yorkshire John Prescott visits Wensleydale Creamery and a pork pie factory in Leeming Bar (S) 10.00 Cunk on Britain Philomena Cunk examines the Victorian era See What to watch (AD) (S) 10.30 Newsnight (S) 11.15 Living with the Brainy Bunch 12.15am Sign Zone: MasterChef 1.15 Sign Zone: Lenny Henry: The Commonwealth Kid 2.15 - 6.00am This Is BBC Two 11.20 Double Mastectomy Twins 11.50 Getting High for God? 12.256.00am News S4C 10.00 News; Weather (S) 10.30 Regional News; Weather (S) 10.45 The Cruise: Sailing the Caribbean Marcella makes the final preparations for a wedding ceremony (AD) (R) (S) 11.15 The Durrells 12.10am Jackpot247 3.00 Loose Women 3.45 ITV Nightscreen 5.05 - 6.00am The Jeremy Kyle Show BBC Four 1.40 - 3.00am ITV Nightscreen Northern Ireland BBC One: No variations BBC Two: 10.00 - 10.30pm Keepin ’er Country 11.15 Cunk on Britain 11.45 - 12.15am QI UTV: 10.45 - 11.15pm Give It a Year 12.10am Teleshopping 7.00 pm Beyond 100 Days 7.30 Nature’s Microworlds 8.00 King Alfred and the AngloSaxons 9.00 The Story of the Jews 10.00 Majesty and Mortar: Britain’s Great Palaces 11.00 Chivalry and Betrayal: The Hundred Years War 12.00 Francesco’s Italy Top to Toe 1.00 am Top of the Pops: 1983 1.30 Top of the Pops: 1983 2.00 - 3.30am Apples, Pears and Paint: How to Make a Still Life Painting ITV2 10.20am The Bachelor 12.15pm Emmerdale 12.45 Coronation Street 1.45 The Ellen DeGeneres Show 2.35 The Jeremy Kyle Show 4.55 Judge Rinder 6.00 Take Me Out 7.00 You’ve Been Framed! Gold 8.00 Two and a Half Men 9.00 FILM: American Pie 2 (2001) The teenage friends get together after their first year at college and set out to broaden their sexual horizons over the summer. Comedy sequel, with Jason Biggs and Chris Klein 11.05 Family Guy 12.05am American Dad! 12.55 Celebrity Juice 1.40 Two and a Half Men 2.306.00am Teleshopping E4 Noon The Goldbergs 1.00pm The Big Bang Theory 2.00 How I Met Your Mother 3.00 New Girl 4.00 Brooklyn Nine-Nine 5.00 The Goldbergs 6.00 The Big Bang Theory 7.00 Hollyoaks 7.30 Extreme Cake Makers 8.00 The Big Bang Theory 9.00 Gotham 10.00 Supernatural 11.00 The Big Bang Theory 12.00 First Dates 1.05am Tattoo Fixers 2.10 Gotham 2.55 Supernatural 3.454.05am How I Met Your Mother More4 11.35am Four in a Bed 2.10pm Come Dine with Me 4.50 A Place in the Sun: ITV3 FV 10 FS 115 SKY 119 VIRGIN 117 10.20 12.35 1.35 2.40 3.15 3.45 4.20 4.55 5.25 5.55 7.00 8.00 10.00 11.00 12.05 1.20 2.20 2.30 am Inspector Morse pm The Royal Heartbeat Classic Coronation Street Classic Coronation Street On the Buses On the Buses You’re Only Young Twice Rising Damp Heartbeat Murder, She Wrote Midsomer Murders Scott & Bailey Scott & Bailey am The Street The Street ITV3 Nightscreen - 6.00am Teleshopping Summer Sun 5.55 Kirstie and Phil’s Love It or List It 6.55 The Secret Life of the Zoo 7.55 Grand Designs 9.00 My Floating Home 10.00 Millionaires’ Mansions: Designing Britain’s Most Exclusive Homes 11.05 24 Hours in A&E 12.10am 8 Out of 10 Cats Does Countdown 1.15 Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA 2.15 My Floating Home 3.15-4.00am 8 Out of 10 Cats Dave Noon American Pickers 1.00pm Top Gear 2.00 Top Gear USA Special 3.00 Sin City Motors 4.00 Steve Austin’s Broken Skull Challenge 5.00 Top Gear 6.00 Room 101 6.40 Would I Lie to You? 8.00 Scrappers 9.00 Would I Lie to You? 11.00 Live at the Apollo 12.00 QI 1.20am Mock the Week 2.00 QI 3.20-4.00am Parks and Recreation Sky Sports Main Event 10.00am Live ATP Masters Tennis. The Monte-Carlo Masters 3.00pm Live Indian Premier League. Mumbai Indians v Royal Challengers Bangalore 7.30 Live Premier League. Brighton & Hove Albion v Tottenham Hotspur (kick-off 7.45pm) 10.00 The Debate 11.00 Sky Sports News 1.00am Live WWE Late Night Smackdown. Spectacular wrestling action 3.00-6.00am Sky Sports News “There was a man whose deeds were dark as night/ And quite by chance he rode into the light,” go the lyrics of a Johnny Cash song based on this unusually romantic western starring John Wayne and Gail Russell as a couple from different sides of the tracks. The story follows notorious gunman Quirt Evans (Wayne) who becomes injured and is nursed to back to health by a Quaker farmer and his daughter (Russell). The Book Thief (2013) 11.05 One Born Every Minute 12.10am Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA 1.00 999: On the Frontline 1.55 The Supervet 2.50 Hidden Restaurants with Michel Roux Jr 3.45 Building the Dream 4.40 The Question Jury 5.30 - 6.00am Steph and Dom’s One Star to Five Star Germany during the Second World War looks like a John Lewis Christmas advert in this bloodless drama, adapted from the novel by Markus Zusak. Liesel (Sophie Nélisse) lives under Nazi rule, but finds an escape in books, after her foster father (Geoffrey Rush) teaches her to read. Later, the family takes in a Jewish fugitive, but this doesn’t quicken the dramatic pace. There is, however, a lush John Williams score. 10.00 Beyond Evil: The Murder of Becky Watts The story behind the murder of 16-year-old Becky Watts (R) (S) 11.00 Serial Killers: Meet the Psychopaths 12.00 When Kids Kill: Schoolboy Slayer 1.00am SuperCasino 3.10 GPs: Behind Closed Doors 4.00 My Mum’s Hotter Than Me! 4.45 House Doctor 5.10 Divine Designs 5.35 6.00am Wildlife SOS The Outsiders (1983) LONDON LIVE, 11.00PM ★★★★ Scotland BBC One: 8.00 - 9.00pm River City 10.45 Holby City 11.45 My Turban and Me 12.20am Getting High for God? 12.55 6.00am BBC News BBC Two: 7.00 - 8.00pm Gold Coast 2018: Scotland’s Games STV: 10.30pm Scotland Tonight 11.05 Heroes and Villains: Caught on Camera 12.00 Teleshopping 1.00am After Midnight 2.30 ITV Nightscreen 4.05 The Jeremy Kyle Show 5.00 - 6.00am Teleshopping Wales BBC One: No variations BBC Two: 1.45pm First Minister’s Questions 2.35 Going Back, Giving Back 3.20 Trust Me, I’m a Doctor 4.20 Tigers About the House 5.20 - 6.00 Coast 11.15 New Voices from Wales: Putting My Foot Down 11.25 Living with the Brainy Bunch 12.30 - 1.15am Coast ITV Wales: 6.00 - 6.30pm ITV News Wales at Six ITV Regions No variations, except: ITV Channel: 12.10 - 3.00am ITV Nightscreen FV Freeview FS Freesat (AD) Audio description (R) Repeat (S) Subtitles (SL) In-vision signing Freeview, satellite and cable FV 9 FS 107 SKY 116 VIRGIN 107 10.00 Gogglebox The households’ opinions on recent TV (AD) (R) (S) Variations 6.00am Cyw 12.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 12.05pm Dudley ar Daith 12.30 Cwymp yr Ymerodraethau 1.30 Only Men Aloud 2.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 2.05 Prynhawn Da 3.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 3.05 John ac Alun 3.30 Gwyllt ar Grwydr 4.00 Awr Fawr 5.00 Stwnsh 6.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 6.05 04 Wal 6.30 Rownd a Rownd 7.00 Heno 7.30 Pobol y Cwm 8.00 Ffit Cymru 9.00 Newyddion 9 a’r Tywydd 9.30 Y Byd ar Bedwar 10.00 Band Cymru 2018 11.00 - 11.35pm Pobol y Rhondda FILM4, 2.05PM ★★★ FILM4, 6.25PM ★★ 8.00 Holby City Frieda forces new trainee Nicky to question what kind of doctor she wants to be (AD) (S) 10.00 BBC News at Ten (S) 10.30 Regional News; Weather (S) 10.45 My Turban and Me Sanjeev Kohli explores the importance of wearing the Sikh turban in Britain See What to watch (AD) (S) Angel and the Badman (1947, b/w) The Yorkshire Vet 7.00 Channel 4 News (S) 7.00 Emmerdale (AD) (S) Film choice REX Main channels ITV4 FV 24 FS 117 SKY 120 VIRGIN 118 11.40 12.50 1.50 2.55 3.55 5.00 6.05 7.00 8.00 9.00 11.20 1.15 2.15 3.00 am The Avengers pm Ironside Quincy ME Minder The Saint The Avengers Storage Wars: Texas Pawn Stars World Superbike Highlights FILM: Lethal Weapon 3 (1992) Action thriller sequel with Mel Gibson and Danny Glover pm FILM: Tremors (1990) Comedy horror starring Kevin Bacon am Minder Ax Men - 6.00am Teleshopping Sky Sports Premier League 11.00am MNF 3.00pm MNF Hlts 3.30 Premier League Highlights 4.00 PL Best Goals 15/16 5.00 MNF Hlts 5.30 Premier League Highlights 6.00 Premier League Review 7.00 Premier League 100 Club 7.30 Live Premier League. Brighton & Hove Albion v Tottenham Hotspur (kick-off 7.45pm) 10.00 The Debate 11.00 Premier League Highlights 11.30 Premier League Review 12.30am Premier League Highlights 1.00 The Debate 2.00 Premier League Highlights 2.30 Premier League 100 Club 3.004.00am The Debate BT Sport 1 11.30am 30 for 30 12.30pm 30 for 30 2.30 30 for 30 4.00 Premier League Review 5.00 Formula E Championship 6.00 Premier League Tonight 6.30 Premier League Reload 6.45 Bundesliga Highlights Show 7.45 Live German Cup Football. Bayer Leverkusen v Bayern Munich (kick-off 7.45pm) 9.45 Premier League Reload 10.00 Game of the Week 10.30 30 for 30 12.30am NBA Inside Stuff 1.00 Live NBA. Action from the NBA playoffs, a best-of-seven elimination tournament among the season’s 16 best teams. The two winners (one from each conference) will go on to contest the finals 3.30-4.00am ESPN Soccer Stories Sky One SKY 106 VIRGIN 110 Noon 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 5.30 6.00 6.30 8.00 9.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 1.00 2.00 3.00 NCIS: Los Angeles pm Hawaii Five-0 Hawaii Five-0 NCIS: Los Angeles Stargate SG-1 The Simpsons Futurama Futurama The Simpsons The Flash The Blacklist The Late Late Show with James Corden: Best of the Week The Force: North-East Air Ambulance ER am Brit Cops: War on Crime NCIS: Los Angeles - 4.00am NCIS: Los Angeles History Noon Mega Transports 1.00pm Pawn Stars 2.00 American Pickers 3.00 Counting Cars 4.00 Storage Wars 5.00 Pawn Stars 6.00 Forged in Fire 7.00 American Pickers 8.00 Storage Wars 8.30 Pawn Stars 9.00 Martin Luther King – Marked Man 10.00 JFK Declassified: The New Files 11.00 Monsterquest 12.00 The Curse of Oak Island 1.00am Storage Wars 1.30 Pawn Stars 2.00 Homicide Hunter 3.004.00am Ancient Aliens Sky Arts Noon The Sixties 1.00pm Discovering: Marlene Dietrich 2.00 Watercolour Challenge 2.30 Landscape Artist of the Year 2015 3.30 Tales of the Unexpected 4.00 Trailblazers: Progressive Rock 5.00 The Sixties 6.00 Discovering: Grace Kelly 7.00 The Nineties 8.00 Portrait Artist of the Year 2017 9.00 Tate Britain’s Great Art Walks See What to watch 10.00 Dying Laughing 11.40 Tate Britain’s Great Art Walks 12.40am Monty Python’s Personal Best 1.55 Psychob*****s 2.25-4.20am We Remember Marilyn Sky Cinema Premiere 24 hours, including at: 6.00pm Growing Up Smith (2015) Sky Atlantic SKY 108 Noon 1.00 2.00 3.00 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.10 10.45 11.20 11.55 12.30 1.05 2.20 2.50 3.25 Film4 FV 15 FS 300 SKY 315 VIRGIN 428 House pm Without a Trace Blue Bloods The West Wing House House CSI: Crime Scene Investigation Blue Bloods Here and Now Divorce Crashing The Circus Our Cartoon President am Our Cartoon President The Sopranos Rampage: Special High Maintenance - 4.00am Animals Premiere. Comedy starring Jason Lee 8.00 The House (2017) Comedy starring Will Ferrell and Amy Poehler 9.35 Alien: Covenant (2017) Sci-fi thriller starring Katherine Waterston 11.40 Batman: The Killing Joke (2016) Animated comic-book thriller with the voices of Kevin Conroy and Mark Hamill 1.10am Wilson (2017) Comedy drama starring Woody Harrelson 3.00-5.10am Maudie (2016) Romantic drama starring Sally Hawkins PBS America 11.50am Last Heroes of D-Day 12.55pm Memories of D-Day 1.55 1945: The Year that Changed the World 2.55 Ocean Vet 4.00 Last Heroes of D-Day 5.00 Memories of D-Day 6.05 1945: The Year that Changed the World 7.10 Ocean Vet 8.05 1945: The Year that Changed the World 9.00 Last Heroes of D-Day 10.15 Hitler My Neighbour 11.25 1945: The Year that Changed the World 12.25am Last Heroes of D-Day 1.30 Jet Set 2.006.00am Teleshopping TCM 24 hours, including at: 5.40pm Raintree County (1957) Romantic drama starring Elizabeth Taylor 9.00 Escape from LA (1996) Renegade Snake Plissken pursues the president’s daughter, who has joined a revolutionary group. Action sequel, starring Kurt 11.00 am Lord Jim (1964) Adventure with Peter O’Toole 2.05 pm Angel and the Badman (1947, b/w) Western with John Wayne See Film choice 4.10 Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea (1961) Sci-fi adventure starring Walter Pidgeon 6.25 The Book Thief (2013) Drama starring Sophie Nelisse See Film choice 9.00 Transporter 2 (2005) Action starring Jason Statham 10.40 Shutter Island (2010) Thriller with Leonardo DiCaprio 1.20 - 3.50am Spirited Away (2001) Animated fantasy with the voice of Rumi Hiragi Russell and Pam Grier 11.05 Blade (1998) Action thriller starring Wesley Snipes 1.30am Conspiracy Theory with Jesse Ventura 3.30-5.30am Hollywood’s Best Film Directors GOLD 11.15am You Rang, M’Lord? 12.20pm The Green Green Grass 1.00 As Time Goes By 1.40 Waiting for God 2.20 Only Fools and Horses 3.00 Last of the Summer Wine 5.00 The Green Green Grass 5.40 As Time Goes By 6.20 Dad’s Army 7.00 You Rang, M’Lord? 8.00 Dad’s Army 8.40 Only Fools and Horses 9.20 Mrs Brown’s Boys 10.00 Bridget & Eamon 10.35 Live at the Apollo 11.40 The Fast Show 12.20am Bridget & Eamon 12.55 Shooting Stars 1.35 Live at the Apollo 2.30 Shooting Stars 3.004.00am Vic Reeves Big Night Out Vintage TV 11.00am Tuesday Tunes 1.00pm My Mixtape 2.00 Defining Decades 5.00 Tune In… To 1978 6.00 Tune In… To 1984 7.00 Tune In… To 1987 8.00 Frida Sundemo At Electric Dreams 8.30 Sounds Industrial 9.00 Amp It Up! 10.00 Drumstick Legends 10.30 NHP with Ian Paice 11.00 ‘70s Pub Crawl 11.30 Plectrums and Pickups 12.30am The Night Shift 3.00-6.00am Neil McCormick’s Needle Time This adaptation of SE Hinton’s coming-of-age novel features a veritable galaxy of up-and-coming Brat Pack stars. Matt Dillon, Rob Lowe, Patrick Swayze, Emilio Estevez, Tom Cruise, and Ralph Macchio play the members of a rural gang whose rivalry with another gang turns deadly. Despite the realism of the source material, director Francis Ford Coppola takes an overly stylised approach to what should be a grittier film. 30 *** Tuesday 17 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph Weather and crosswords Nature notes Patrols help toads to cross the road A record number of toads have been helped across a busy road in Herefordshire this year thanks to a dedicated team of volunteers. A total of 1,012 creatures were moved across the road to Bodenham Lake Nature Reserve between February and April in an effort to prevent them from being run over. Every year, the toads cross the lane from where they have spent the winter in the woodland to reach the lake where they mate and spawn. Toads instinctively head to the same ponds and lakes each spring. As the roads which these routes cross become busier each year, the toads find themselves in mortal danger. To prevent roadkill, Herefordshire Wildlife Trust set up the Go Toads project in 2016, with annual Toad Patrols. This year twice as many toads were helped to the lake than in 2017. Samantha Herbert Our puzzle website Enjoy your favourite Telegraph puzzles with our website. Visit puzzles.telegraph.co.uk Prize puzzles: You can win puzzles added weekly cash prizes with our exclusive Leaderboard: Play online crosswords interactively for points, and Your profile: Create compare your score on the a Nickname and add a photo leaderboard Puzzle archive: More than Print and play: Print 5,000 puzzles from Crosswords puzzles to complete at your to Sudoku. Plus over 50 new leisure The Daily Telegraph published by Telegraph Media Group Ltd, 111 Buckingham Palace Road, London SW1W 0DT. 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