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The Guardian - April 18, 2018

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Section:GDN 1N PaGe:1 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:S
Sent at 17/4/2018 21:16
Family of Maltese reporter
killed in bomb attack speak
out as Guardian launches
collaboration to continue
her anti-corruption drive
The family of the murdered
anti-corruption journalist
Garside and
Daphne Caruana Galizia
Kirchgaessner believe that three men
Who really
killed Daphne
Caruana Galizia?
awaiting trial for the crime
were acting on orders from inside Malta, and
have expressed concern that elements within
the government may be protecting whoever
commissioned the killing.
In his first full interview since his wife’s
death in a car bombing six months ago, Peter
Caruana Galizia claimed political interests
were blocking the police investigation and
said he feared the mastermind might never
be brought to justice. “It is clear to us that
the three men arraigned so far are simply
contractors commissioned by a third party,”
he said. “My sons and I are not convinced that
our government really wants to establish who
sent them, for fear such persons are in fact
very close to our government. For this reason
we may never know the truth.”
The accused men have all entered not
guilty pleas. Police are still setting out their
evidence before a magistrate, who will decide
whether to dismiss the case or send the men
for prosecution before a judge and jury.
18 April 2018
Issue № 53,386
Amelia Gentleman
The Home Office destroyed thousands
of landing card slips recording
Windrush immigrants’ arrival dates
in the UK, despite staff warnings that
the move would make it harder to
check the records of older Caribbeanborn residents experiencing residency
A former Home Office employee said
the records, stored in the basement of
‘People were writing
to say: “I’ve been here
45 years. I’ve never
had a passport.
Now I’m being told
I’m not British”’
Former employee
at the Home Office
a government tower block, were a vital
resource for case workers when they
were asked to find information about
someone’s arrival date in the UK from
the West Indies – usually when the
individual was struggling to resolve
immigration status problems.
Although home secretary, Amber
Rudd, has promised to make it easier
for Windrush-generation residents to
regularise their status, the loss of the
database is likely to make the process
harder, even with the support of the
new taskforce announced this week.
Brittany Kaiser
‘Far more than
87m people had
their Facebook
data harvested’
News page 2
Afua Hirsch
What is the
if not British
Empire 2.0?
Journal page 3
Home Office destroyed key
data on Windrush citizens
Theresa May yesterday apologised to the 12 Caribbean heads of
government for the treatment of Windrush citizens and has promised that
no one will be deported.
The former employee (who has
asked to remain anonymous) said it
was decided in 2010 to destroy the disembarkation cards, which dated back
to the 50s and 60s, when the Home
Office’s Whitgift Centre in Croydon
was closed and staff were moved.
Employees in his department told
managers it was a bad idea, as the cards
were often the last remaining record of
a person’s arrival date. The files were
destroyed in October that year, when
May was home secretary.
A person’s arrival date is crucial to
a citizenship application as the 1971
Immigration Act gave people who had
already moved to Britain indefinite
leave to remain. When staff
8 
were asked to find evidence
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:2 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 17/4/2018 20:33
The Guardian Wednesday 18 April 2018
Wednesday 18 April 2018
National Pages 5-21
‘Many more than 87m had
Facebook data harvested’
Salisbury attack Skripals were affected by
liquid poison, say investigators | Page 5
Police warning Forces too slow to make
progress on race, says senior officer | Page 7
Simply the best Adrienne Warren leaves
audience breathless as Tina Turner | Page 11
Brexit downturn All scenarios point to UK
being worse off, says thinktank | Page 13
World Pages 22-29
Syria conflict Russia says inspectors
will be allowed into Douma | Page 22
Illegal logging Poland faces huge fines after
letting parts of ancient forest be felled | Page 28
#MeToo in China Fledgling movement
in universities fights censorship | Page 29
Financial Pages 30-33
Tariff alert Showdown between China and
US threatens global trade, warns IMF | Page 30
Tesla trouble Musk halts Model 3
production to address bottlenecks | Page 32
Journal Centre section
The migrant
nt cleaners
taking on the City’s
culture of greed
Page 1
vestiges of
empire reside in
the Commonwealth
Pa 3
Alex Hern
Paul Hilder
David Pegg
Far more than 87 million people
may have had their Facebook data
harvested by Cambridge Analytica,
according to evidence from former
employee Brittany Kaiser.
Speaking to the Commons digital,
culture, media and sport select committee, Kaiser, a former Cambridge
Analytica director, said the firm had
a suite of personality quizzes designed
to extract data from the social network
and Aleksandr Kogan’s This Is Your
Digital Life app was just one example.
In written evidence, Kaiser said:
“The Kogan/GSR datasets and
questionnaires were not the only Facebook-connected questionnaires and
datasets Cambridge Analytica used.
“I believe it is almost certain that
the number of Facebook users whose
data was compromised through routes
similar to that used by Kogan is much
greater than 87 million; and that both
Cambridge Analytica and other unconnected companies and campaigns
were involved.”
Giving oral evidence yesterday,
Kaiser said: “When I first joined the
company, our creative and psychology teams, and data science teams,
would work together to design some
of these questionnaires.
“In my pitches I used to give examples, even to clients, that if you go on
Facebook and you see these viral personality quizzes, that not all of them
would be designed by Cambridge Analytica, SCL group or our affiliates, but
these applications were designed
specifically to harvest data from individuals using Facebook as the tool.
“I know at least of those two examples which were both quizzes that
were separate from Aleksandr Kogan’s
quiz. It can be inferred or implied that
there were many additional individuals as opposed to just the ones through
Aleksandr Kogan’s test whose data
may have been compromised.”
Facebook’s chief technology officer,
Mike Schroepfer, wrote this month
that as many as 87 million users may
have had data taken.
Facebook told the Guardian: “We
are currently investigating all apps
that had access to large amounts of
information before we changed our
platform to dramatically reduce data
access in 2014. We will conduct a
full audit of any app with suspicious
activity. And if we find developers
that misused personally identifiable
information, we will ban them and tell
everyone affected.”
Kaiser also alleged insurance firms
belonging to Arron Banks, a key financier in the Brexit campaign, were used
as part of the campaign to leave the EU.
Kaiser said she spent a day at the firm’s
HQ in late 2015 investigating the possibility of Cambridge Analytica working
for Leave.EU, and found insurance
company call centre workers “working on the Leave.EU campaign”.
“They all had a computer, and a
headset, making calls that I assume
were normally sales calls, or calls for
customer assistance and advice, and
instead they were calling people to
undertake a survey – they were talking
to those people about their interests
in leaving the EU and issues around
Brexit.” Kaiser said she and a Cambridge Analytica colleague gave advice
on how to improve the survey methodology. “I was under the impression,
by what they told me, that every individual that they were pulling up to call
was a lead or a current customer of
Eldon Insurance or Go Skippy.”
The disclosure raises further questions about comments made by Andy
Wigmore, Leave.EU’s ex-communications director, in which he described
how the campaign used insurance
actuaries to identify prime locations
for political campaigning.
Emma Briant provided the committee with recordings of interviews
she conducted as part of her academic
research on propaganda. In one, Wigmore said: “They [the actuaries] are
the ones that pinpointed 12 areas in
the United Kingdom that we needed
to send Nigel Farage to.”
Wigmore told the Guardian that no
actuaries had been employed by the
campaign. Leave.EU said Kaiser’s evidence was “a confused litany of lies
and allegations” and said Eldon Insurance did not share data with anyone.
▲ Brittany Kaiser said insurance staff
were used to conduct Brexit surveys
Additional reporting Paul Lewis
less than half full for the emergency
debate on whether the government
should have consulted parliament
before Saturday’s air raids.
Even so, there were more than
enough Tory backbenchers to jeer
and shout Corbyn down at every
opportunity. It made for slow
progress, though when the Labour
leader was allowed to speak, his case
was generally well made. He wasn’t
saying there were no circumstances
in which the prime minister could
act without a parliamentary vote,
just that these weren’t them given
there had been a clearly established
convention since the Iraq war that
parliament should be involved.
On Monday, Theresa May had
appeared tentative, as if nervous
of the reaction she might get from
the Commons. But now she knew
she had widespread support, she
looked demob happy. The picture of
someone who is having a good war.
Bombing Syria has done wonders
for her self-esteem. A welcome
respite from dealing with the Brexit
nightmare and a Home Office busy
deporting British citizens.
She began by paying lip service
to the sovereignty of parliament,
but quickly went rogue. Yes, the
government was aware there
was a convention on consulting
parliament, but personally she
thought its importance was overrated. She was in charge and she
could do what she liked. If she was
going to have a big, big war then
she might get round to getting
parliamentary approval, but for
the odd bombing raid she wasn’t
going to go through the hassle of
asking permission. The so-called
convention was dead to her. Even
if it wasn’t, she had been right not
to recall parliament because the
operation had to be conducted in
absolute secrecy.
Job done, the PM tootled off to
meet the South African president,
leaving her backbenchers to defend
her honour. They needed no second
invitation. It made for a bizarre
spectacle. Hardline Brexiters, who
had spent the past few years arguing
for the sovereignty of parliament,
saying that maybe they had been a
bit hasty and it was totally fine to do
a little ad hoc recreational bombing
so long as you had a Conservative
prime minister you could trust.
A few voices continued to
make the case for parliamentary
approval, but the vote was never in
doubt. The Commons was happy
to bow to Theresa. She had been
right all along. Back in No 10, the
prime minister was kicking herself.
Why the hell hadn’t she bombed
someone months ago?
G2 Centre section, tucked inside Journal
Move over Hollywood Is streaming giant
Netflix on brink of world domination? | Page 8
Going to pot The new breed of ceramicists
behind the boom in all things crockery | Page10
Sport Back section
White ball heat England’s IPL dozen earning
and learning on cricket’s glitziest stage | Page 41
Joe Hart West Ham man has experience on his
side in battle of the England keepers | Page 49
Puzzles G2, page 16 | Journal, page 12
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No. 53,386, Wednesday 18 April 2018. Registered as a
newspaper at the Post Office ISSN 0261-3077.
John Crace
sovereignty? A
little bombing
needn’t count
fter the war-war,
the jaw-jaw. Which
was precisely what
Jeremy Corbyn was
so concerned about.
Although the Labour
leader was deeply grateful to the
prime minister for sparing six
hours of her time on a ministerial
statement and a token debate the
previous evening, he would rather
the government hadn’t presented
the Syrian airstrikes to parliament as
a fait accompli.
Not that many MPs seemed to
care that much. It had been standing
room only during Monday’s
proceedings, but the chamber was
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:3 Edition Date:180418 Edition:03 Zone:
Sent at 17/4/2018 23:44
Wednesday 18 April 2018 The Guardian
▼ A busy Pret a Manger food counter.
The company has been censured for
its claims about ‘good, natural food’
Starbucks to
close 8,000 US
coffee shops to
give racial-bias
training to staff
Dominic Rushe and agencies
Not so ‘natural’: Pret a Manger
censured over misleading ads
Zoe Wood
Pret a Manger has suffered a blow to
its wholesome credentials after the
advertising watchdog censured the
chain for claiming its sandwiches used
“natural” ingredients.
The Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) said the ads on Pret’s
Facebook page and website – which
talked about its “good, natural food”
– were misleading.
Pret also said it “made proper
sandwiches avoiding the obscure
chemicals, additives and preservatives” used by other fast food chains.
The ASA said consumers understood “natural” to mean foods made
with ingredients straight from nature.
“It is misleading to use the term
to describe foods or ingredients that
employ chemicals,” it said in its ruling.
“We considered that because some
of Pret a Manger’s foods contained
E numbers … those foods did not constitute ‘natural’ foods for the purposes
of the [food labelling] guidance.”
The decision followed a complaint
by the Real Bread Campaign, which
wants a law to force manufacturers
to list all ingredients. Some ingredients are left out if they are deemed to
be just part of the processing.
Pret says its sandwich bread contains three E numbers – E300, E471 and
E472e – which are used to strengthen
the dough and reduce the number
of large holes in the bread. The additives are widely used in the industry to
make sandwich bread, it said.
“We would really like to find a
solution and our food team has been
working hard trialling recipes that
do not use emulsifiers,” said a Pret
spokeswoman. “They have not yet
found one that meets the standards
our customers expect.”
Real Bread Campaign coordinator
Chris Young said: “We welcome this
ban, which sets a precedent that sends
a clear message to food companies
that unless they walk the natural food
walk, it’s misleading to talk the natural food talk. This ruling is good for
shoppers … and for the small, independent bakery and eatery owners
who serve genuinely all-natural real
bread sandwiches.”
Pret was founded in 1986 by serial
entrepreneur Julian Metcalfe, who
went on to create the Itsu restaurant
chain and Metcalfe’s Skinny popcorn.
It is now a ubiquitous presence
on the British high street, favoured
by many office workers who appreciate its ability to spot the latest food
trends, from the rise in popularity of
▲ A Pret worker checks a sandwich display PHOTOGRAPH: BLOOMBERG VIA GETTY IMAGES
the avocado to vegan-friendly options
such as sweet potato falafel.
Pret is now a global empire, with
more than 500 stores and sales
approaching £800m in 2017, after it
conquered new markets including the
US. It is controlled by private equity
firm Bridgepoint and there has been
speculation that it is preparing for a
stock market flotation in New York
that could value it at more than £1.5bn.
Pret food and coffee director Clare
Clough said: “Since day one, Pret has
been on a mission to create handmade,
natural food, avoiding obscure chemicals and preservatives.
“The ASA has upheld in part a
complaint about our use of the word
‘natural’ in two instances online. We
do, of course, take on board the views
of the ASA and have already made the
requested changes. We believe we represent Pret’s food honestly and we
always welcome feedback.”
The ASA said the two ads should not
appear again in their current form. “We
told Pret a Manger to ensure their ads
did not claim or imply that their food
was “natural’, unless their products
and ingredients were in line with consumer expectations of the term.”
Rising levels of obesity as well as
concerns about food provenance and
the environment have led to growing
scrutiny of how food manufacturers
and retailers run their businesses.
Research by global nutrition experts
found that Britons buy more ultraprocessed food than anyone in Europe.
The Real Bread Campaign first tackled Pret in 2015, urging it to remove
artificial additives or alter its claims.
After no progress was made, the
campaign – part of the charity Sustain:
the alliance for better food and farming – complained to the ASA in 2016.
Starbucks will next month close the
8,000 coffee shops it owns in the US to
conduct racial-bias training after two
black men were arrested while waiting
for a friend at a cafe in Philadelphia.
The chain said its 175,000 staff
would be trained on 29 May after protests and a call for a boycott sparked
by the men’s arrest for “trespassing”.
Starbucks chief Kevin Johnson has
called the arrests “reprehensible”. But
it is not the first time the company has
sparked a racially-tinged debate.
In 2015, then-CEO Howard Schultz
launched a campaign in which baristas
stuck labels reading “Race Together”
on coffee cups in order to spark a
dialogue about race. The campaign
provoked controversy on social media,
with people blasting it for being superficial and ill-conceived.
The company has continued to
champion progressive causes in the
workplace. Last month, Starbucks
claimed it had achieved 100% pay
equity across gender and race for all its
US employees and committed to doing
the same for its overseas operations.
Communications experts said such
policies meant Starbucks had to hold
itself to high standards in all its outlets.
“The more your brand is trying to
connect emotionally to people, the
more hurt people feel when these
kinds of things happen,” said Jacinta
Gauda of the Gauda Group, a New York
strategic communications firm.
Starbucks’ latest troubles are
linked to a video that went viral over
the weekend showing two black men
being arrested by police who were
called by an employee.
Officials have said police officers
were told the men had asked to use the
restaurant’s toilets but were denied
because they had not bought anything,
and they then refused to leave.
Starbucks said yesterday that the
employee no longer works at the outlet, but declined to give further details.
Gauda warned Starbucks against
treating Philadelphia as a one-off
affair. “I would suspect that this particular issue is something that has
occurred before,” she said. “The company is in crisis mode now, but should
not look at this as an isolated issue.”
Additional reporting: Associated Press
‘The more your
brand is trying to
connect emotionally
to people, the more
hurt people feel when
these things happen’
Jacinta Gauda
Strategic consultant
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:4 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:S
Sent at 17/4/2018 20:09
Gyms angry
as doctor’s
note frees
woman from
The Guardian Wednesday 18 April 2018
Daniel Boffey
Owners of fitness centres in Belgium
are in uproar after a doctor who wrote
a medical note to free a woman from
her expensive gym membership was
cleared of malpractice on the grounds
of having acted in a “social role”.
The Order of Physicians said the
doctor acted appropriately in helping
a woman trapped in a contract she was
unlikely to use and could not afford.
The high cost and inflexible nature
of many fitness centres has long been a
contentious issue in Belgium. Last year
the government sought to liberalise
contracts with a new code of conduct:
minimum one-year contracts were
ditched and customers were given
the power to cancel a contract without penalty on the advice of a doctor.
In this case, the country’s Order
of Physicians backed a doctor who
wrote a medical note because he did
not believe the woman had the funds
for a €70-a-month contract which had
18 months still to run. The doctor told
the watchdog – the equivalent of the
General Medical Council in the UK –
that he had a responsibility to help his
patient and had acted out of social concern. “At these fitness clubs there are
often really tight contracts that you
almost can’t get rid of,” he said.
Lieven Wostyn, regional chair of
the watchdog, said the organisation
was having to deal with an increasing
number of such cases. He told the Belgian newspaper Het Nieuwsblad: “The
social also plays a role in a doctor. And
there was also a medical problem; the
woman suffered from a neck pain and
a trailing middle-ear infection. We get
complaints about this more often than
before. We look very closely at each
complaint. There’ve also been cases
where the fitness centre was right.”
Eric Vandenabeele, director of, the professional association
of gyms in Belgium, said: “A doctor
has to judge your health, not whether
it was a good idea to conclude such a
contract. Will a doctor now judge your
contract with your energy supplier?”
Simon November, of the Belgian
consumer group Test-Aankoop, said:
“It shows how these strangling contracts remain a problem.”
US and Russian nuclear
arsenals ‘may soon be
beyond arms control’
Julian Borger
The American and Russian nuclear
arsenals could soon be unconstrained
by binding arms control agreements
for the first time since 1972, triggering
a dangerous new arms race, a group of
former officials and experts from the
US, Europe and Russia has warned.
In an open letter they point out that
the 2010 New Start treaty limiting the
US and Russian deployed strategic
warheads and delivery systems will
expire in February 2021 unless steps
are taken to extend it.
The Intermediate Nuclear Forces
(INF) agreement is also in danger of
collapse, with US accusations that
Russia is in violation by developing a
land-based cruise missile and the US
threat to develop a similar weapon.
Vladimir Putin in recent statements,
and Donald Trump in his administration’s nuclear posture review, have
declared plans to modernise and
upgrade their arsenals, involving new
nuclear weapons capabilities.
The threatened return to an arms
race between the world’s two biggest
nuclear powers comes at a time of high
tensions between Washington and
Moscow, with US, Nato and Russian
forces operating in close proximity in
eastern Europe and Syria.
“Without a positive decision to
extend New Start, and if the INF treaty
comes to an end, there would be no
legally binding limits on the world’s
two largest nuclear superpowers
for the first time since 1972, and the
risk of unconstrained US-Russian
nuclear competition would grow,”
the letter said.
It is signed by former senior arms
negotiators from the US and Russia,
a former Russian chief of staff, General Victor Esin, the former UK defence
minister Des Browne, and the retired
US senator Richard Lugar.
The US and Russia have stuck to the
terms of New Start, signed eight years
ago by their then presidents, Barack
Obama and Dmitry Medvedev. It has
been an exception to Donald Trump’s
determination to erase his predecessor’s foreign policy record.
By the treaty’s deadline of February
this year, both countries declared they
had met its maximum limits of 1,550
deployed strategic warheads, and
700 fielded delivery platforms such
as intercontinental ballistic missiles,
submarine-launched ballistic missiles
and nuclear-capable bombers.
The treaty allows for a five-year
extension by mutual consent. Moscow
has said it is open to discussion, and
in an interview in March, Putin voiced
interest in an extension or even possible further cuts in warheads. When
he called to congratulate Putin on his
re-election in March, Trump invited
him to a summit “in the not too distant
future to discuss the arms race, which
is getting out of control”.
Rob Soofer, deputy assistant secretary of defence, told the Senate on
April 11: “We’re going to begin a whole
government review of the pros and
cons of extending that treaty.”
But Trump’s new national security
adviser, John Bolton, has been a persistent critic of the INF treaty and New
Start, which he has derided as “unilateral disarmament”. Republican hawks
in the Senate have declared their intention to pull the US out of the treaties.
Frictions over Russian meddling in
western elections, the investigation
into the Trump campaign’s possible
collusion with those efforts in 2016,
and Moscow’s military intervention
in Ukraine and Syria are all complicating the prospects of keeping a bilateral
arms control regime in place.
Failure to agree an extension in time
could trigger a relatively rapid increase
in arsenals, Daryl Kimball, the head of
the Arms Control Association, said.
“Each side has significant ‘upload
potential’. That means they have
enough delivery systems and enough
reserve nuclear warheads, to increase
the number of deployed strategic warheads very rapidly, if they so choose.”
The maximum limit of deployed
strategic warheads achieved under
New Start by each side this February
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:5 Edition Date:180418 Edition:03 Zone:
Wednesday 18 April 2018 The Guardian
Sent at 18/4/2018 0:15
Tate galleries
Plan to attract
young visitors
with £5 tickets
Page 16
Simply the best
Tina Turner
musical is a
‘ferocious tribute’
Page 11
Youth football
coach charged
with sexual
abuse offences
against 11 boys
Steven Morris
A youth football coach and scout credited with helping to launch the careers
of several professional players has
appeared in court charged with sexual offences against 11 boys.
Kit Carson, 74, denied 11 counts of
indecent assault and one of causing
or inciting a child to engage in sexual
The offences are alleged to have
happened between 1978, when Carson was 35, and 2009.
Seven of the indecent assault
charges relate to boys aged under 14
and four to boys under 16. The incitement charge involves a boy aged 13-15.
Carson, whose full name is Michael
Sean Carson, was arrested in his home
city of Cambridge in January 2017 and
charged in March this year.
He was the academy director at
Peterborough United Football Club
from 1993 until 2001, and a number
of players he coached there went on
to have careers in the Premier League.
The bulk of the alleged indecent
assault offences are said to have taken
place between 1992 and 2000.
Before working at Peterborough,
Carson was at Norwich City from
1983 until 1993, and he has connections with other junior teams. On his
LinkedIn page, he described himself
as a football consultant and scout
for a Finnish club. Carson left Peterborough to become head of talent
development at Cambridge United in
2001 and remained there until 2005.
The first two alleged indecent
assaults are said to have taken place
between September 1978 and September 1980.
According to the particulars of
the offences, the first alleged assault
happened at a hotel in the north of
England. Another eight allegedly took
place in or around Peterborough.
The incitement offence allegedly
happened between February 2008 and
February 2009 in Cambridge.
Carson stood in the dock at Cambridge magistrates court to confirm
his name, address and date of birth.
Asked how he pleaded to the 12
charges, Carson replied: “Not guilty.”
Bail conditions were kept in place,
which include Carson being barred
from coaching children in the UK or
travelling abroad to coach young people, and from involvement in scouting
The magistrate told Carson the
court had declined jurisdiction and
he would next appear at Peterborough crown court on 15 May. Reporting
restrictions were not lifted.
Leaping above London Acrobats from two troupes practise some of their moves at Parliament
Hill on Hampstead Heath in north London. The four – from left, Michelle Ross, Lisa Chudalla,
Alice Gilmatinand and Kate McWilliam – are appearing in performances by the Bekkrell Effect
and No Show at CircusFest from tonight at the Roundhouse in Camden Town.
MPs accuse Corbyn of lack of
leadership over antisemitism
Pippa Crerar
Anne Perkins
Jeremy Corbyn’s backbenchers
rounded on the failure of the party
to tackle antisemitism in a blistering three-hour debate yesterday that
ended with a Labour MP calling closing
remarks by the shadow home secretary, Diane Abbott, worthy of horror.
Almost every Labour MP who spoke
described in stark terms the depths of
the abuse they and Jewish friends and
colleagues were experiencing.
Luciana Berger, who has received
death threats, warned that while antisemitism was growing everywhere,
the problem was worse within Labour.
With the party’s deputy leader,
Tom Watson, sitting beside her, Berger
said: “One antisemitic member of
the Labour party is one member too
many ... it pains me to say this in 2018
that within the Labour party antisemitism is now more commonplace, is
more conspicuous and is more corrosive.” She received a standing ovation.
Another Labour backbencher, Joan
Ryan, said she had just been in Poland
to take part in the March of the Living
– visiting the places “where history’s
greatest shame was committed”.
She added: “When I first became
an MP 21 years ago, I never imagined
that some in my party would suggest
that this horror should be a matter for
debate. [Would he join me in saying]
shame on them, and shame on any
who fail to speak out against them?”
Among several MPs applauded by
colleagues for their speeches, Dame
Margaret Hodge, MP for Barking,
described how she had seen a battered suitcase bearing her uncle’s
initials when she visited Auschwitz
and how she had “never felt as nervous and frightened as I do today” about
being Jewish. “It feels that my party
has given permission for antisemitism
to go unchallenged. Antisemitism is
making me an outsider in my Labour
party. Enough is enough.”
John Mann – who chairs the allparty group on antisemitism – criticised those on the left who claim that
calling out antisemitism is a way of
attacking Corbyn. “Those who say it
is a smear raising this issue need to
publicly apologise and publicly understand what they are doing,” he said.
The communities secretary Sajid
Javid opened the debate by accusing
Corbyn, who was sitting in the Commons for almost every speech, of
‘It pains me to say
this in 2018 that
within Labour
antisemitism is now
more commonplace’
Luciana Berger
Labour MP
displaying a “worrying lack of leadership and moral clarity”.
Javid urged the Labour leader to
“once and for all” clarify his opposition to antisemitism as the Commons
took the highly unusual step of debating the issue. Corbyn is holding talks
next week with two leading Jewish
organisation, the Jewish Leadership
Council and the Board of Deputies.
In a move to underline how it has
responded in the month since a demonstration by the two organisations
outside parliament, the party’s new
general secretary, Jennie Formby,
emailed every Labour MP last night
to set out progress. “Jeremy and I are
determined to eradicate the stain of
antisemitic attitudes in our party, and
this will be a central priority in my role
as general secretary,” she said in email.
But her words were almost immediately undermined, according to some
MPs, by the closing remarks of Abbott,
who devoted more than half of her
speech to addressing the concerns of
the Haredi community of ultra-orthodox Jews in her Hackney constituency.
Abbott also quoted a rabbi who had
suggested that antisemitism was part
of a wider social discontent.
Louise Ellman, who had spoken in
the debate, said afterwards: “I was
appalled. It was a grave misjudgment.”
Another Labour MP, Wes Streeting,
told MPs that he feared the wider Jewish community would be “horrified by
the response from our frontbench to
this debate today”.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:6 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 17/4/2018 18:51
The Guardian Wednesday 18 April 2018
Energy for cooling to outstrip
heating demand in 30 years
Adam Vaughan
Energy correspondent
A burgeoning middle class and warming world will lead to the energy
demand for cooling overtaking that for
heating by the middle of the century,
researchers predict. They expect
energy use involving air conditioning,
refrigeration and other cooling appliances, to jump by 90% on 2017 levels,
posing a challenge for energy grids and
the efforts to curb climate change.
The energy use rise will come even
with conservative estimates of the
likely increase in demand for cooling
in China, India and hotter countries,
said a University of Birmingham team.
Toby Peters, a professor in power
and cold economy, working at the university, who is part of the Birmingham
Energy Institute, said: “Cooling just
really isn’t part of the big debate. And
yet we lose 200m tonnes of food each
year because of a lack of cooling. That
has massive repercussions.”
The energy institute will host the
first international conference on
“clean cold” today, exploring how to
tackle the problem and boost the 0.2%
Stay warm with heated seats, steering
wheel and windscreen and tune in with
7" touchscreen and digital radio, comfort
and technology in one elegant package.
of energy R&D budgets that is spent
on cooling. Sir David King, the former
government chief scientific adviser,
said. “In terms of energy usage [cooling] is a major issue.”
The biggest energy demand for
cooling relates to air conditioning, but
it is also essential for preserving food
and protecting medicines.
Peters said it was a question of
when, not if, home air conditioning
became the norm in UK households.
Global sales of cooling equipment were
expected to increase from $140bn
(£98bn) today to $260bn by 2050.
Squeeze eases as pay
growth beats inflation
for first time in a year
Richard Partington
British workers have seen their first
real pay rise in a year as average wage
growth overcomes the fading inflationary effects of the Brexit vote.
Bringing to an end 12 months
of falling living standards, the latest snapshot of Britain’s job market
from the Office for National Statistics
showed pay rising above inflation for
the first time since January 2017.
In the three months to February,
average weekly earnings excluding
bonuses increased by 2.8% compared
with the same period a year ago. While
that was unchanged from January –
and missed economists’ forecasts for
growth of 3% – the ONS said it was still
enough to hand workers a real pay rise.
Inflation has been falling in recent
months, with the consumer prices
index (CPI) dipping to 2.7% in February as the impact of the fall in the value
of the pound straight after the EU referendum begins to fade. At one point
yesterday, sterling hit a post-vote high
against the dollar of $1.4376 before falling back.
Despite the better news, some
economists said it was too early to
declare the return of real wage growth,
because there are two ways to measure
average wage growth against inflation.
The ONS says real pay grew by 0.2%
in the three months to February, set
against its preferred measure for inflation, which includes housing costs.
Typically lower than the CPI, that rate,
Earnings growth has outstripped
inflation for the first time in a year
Peters said the growth could mean
opportunities for technology exports.
If the world’s future appetite for
cooling is met by the current fossil
fuel-heavy energy mix, carbon emissions will rise 2.5 gigatonnes by 2050.
Global emissions from energy were
35 gigatonnes last year. To meet the
growth in cooling without increasing
emissions almost all the new solar
power expected to be installed by midcentury will be needed, Peters said.
Britain participates in a 22-country
clean energy research project, presented at the Paris climate summit.
% change on a year earlier
• Average wages • CPI inflation
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known as CPIH, was 2.6% in the three
months to February.
Officials at the Treasury do not
measure pay growth in the same way.
On their barometer, real wage growth
has yet to return.
The unemployment rate unexpectedly fell to its lowest level since 1975 in
the three months to February, putting
borrowers on notice for the Bank of
England to raise interest rates as early
as next month.
The number of people in work also
reached a record high of 32.2 million
as 55,000 more people started a job,
giving an employment rate of 75.4%.
The number of job vacancies remained
close to the record high reached in
December, hovering at 815,000, amid
fears of labour shortages triggered
by Brexit.
The work and pensions secretary,
Esther McVey, said: “Day by day we are
helping people turn their lives round
by getting into employment. Jobs are
key to transforming lives and work is
the best route out of poverty.”
The boost for the economy comes
after freezing weather from the “beast
from the east” forced diggers to fall
idle and shoppers to stay home. Economists expect further rises in earnings
during the year, but say Britain still
needs to make up a lot of ground after
a decade of poor performance.
According to the Resolution Foundation thinktank, average annual
earnings are still almost £800 lower
than they were 10 years ago, while
gains have been unequal across different sectors of the economy. Real
pay has been rising by almost 2.8%
for those in finance for the past year
and 1.5% for those in construction, but
there has been a continued squeeze in
the public sector.
The TUC said workers’ pay packets
were forecast to remain below their
pre-crisis levels until the middle of the
next decade.
Frances O’Grady, its general secretary, said: “The government must get
the economy working again for working people. Ministers need to increase
the minimum wage to £10 an hour,
fund a proper pay rise for all public
servants, and give workers stronger
rights to negotiate fair pay deals.”
Government estimates uncovered
by Labour say average real earnings
will be £1,733 lower in 2021 than they
were forecast to be in November 2016.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:7 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 17/4/2018 18:51
Wednesday 18 April 2018 The Guardian
▼ A memorial stone for Stephen
Lawrence in Eltham, south London
Progress of
forces on
race is too
slow, police
chief says
Police spies
Cover name
of Lawrence
officer revealed
Rob Evans
Vikram Dodd
Police and crime correspondent
Police have been too slow to improve
their record on race since the murder
of Stephen Lawrence, and their legitimacy is being damaged by continued
shortcomings, a police chief has said.
Jon Boutcher, chief constable of
Bedfordshire police and the national
police chiefs’ lead on race and religion,
told the Guardian in an interview to
mark the 25th anniversary of Lawrence’s death that he was challenging
fellow police leaders to do more.
The police bungling of the murder case, which allowed the killers
to go free because of prejudice and
incompetence in the ranks, led to the
Macpherson inquiry, which found the
Metropolitan police guilty of institutional racism. In 1999 the inquiry’s
findings led police chiefs to promise
change, under huge pressure from the
then Labour government.
But Boutcher said changes had not
gone fast or far enough: “My challenge
to policing is that the pace of change is
too slow since Macpherson,” he said.
“In my view it could’ve been faster.
“I think its about commitment at a
senior leadership level. I don’t accept
that everything has been done …
There have been the words, but not
the actions. We need to make sure we
have words and actions.”
The 25th anniversary of Lawrence’s
murder by a racist gang, and the police
failings that were subsequently
revealed, have led to a stocktake
of how much progress has been made.
Boutcher said: “The police establishment need challenging on race. I am
optimistic about the future. We need
to move forward at a quicker pace. If
we don’t remember the lessons of history then there is a danger you repeat
the mistakes of history.” He added that
the lessons of the Lawrence case had
been forgotten by some.
Race was at the heart of the biggest
issues facing policing, he said, from
the overtargeting of black people
▲ Jon Boutcher: ‘The pace of change
is too slow since Macpherson report’
for stop and search to knife crime,
female genital mutilation, “honourbased” violence, modern slavery and
“We should always have race as a
priority regarding representation and
community confidence. Race has not
continued to be the priority it should
have over the last 25 years,” Boutcher
said. “It has dropped off the agenda at
times because of other priorities. It is
too important to fall off the agenda at
any time. The representation in policing from our diverse communities is
still not as advanced as it should be.”
People from minority ethnic backgrounds make up 14% of Britain’s
population but just 6% of police officers, up from 2% in 1999.
After the Macpherson findings
police chiefs from the 43 forces in
England and Wales agreed to a government target for police ranks to match
the makeup of the communities they
served. They were given a decade to
achieve it but none did.
Theresa May, as home secretary,
pressed the police for more sweeping reforms but at the current rate of
progress, Boutcher said, “it will take
decades to end the racial disparity”.
The biggest gap is in London, where
people of minority ethnic background
make up 43% of the population but
just 13% of Metropolitan police ranks.
“Racial disparity in policing undermines legitimacy and threatens
policing by consent, increasing the
likelihood of adverse response or disorder relating to stop and search, or in
critical incident scenarios,” Boutcher
said. “I am confident that the progress
we have made around recruitment and
workforce representation will grow
into police forces which are rich in
diversity so that we can serve the public with complete legitimacy.”
He has set up an advisory group to
spur police on, picking hard hitters
on race such as the Labour MP David
Lammy and the National Black Police
An undercover police officer accused
of spying on the family of the murdered teenager Stephen Lawrence
used the cover name David Hagan,
an official inquiry has revealed.
He is a key figure in the controversy
over the use of police spies to gather
information about the Lawrence family while they were trying to persuade
the police to investigate their son’s racist murder properly.
His fake identity was published yesterday by the judge-led public inquiry
examining the conduct of undercover
officers sent to infiltrate political
groups. He lost a legal argument to
keep the name concealed.
Hagan has previously been labelled
“a spy in the Lawrence family camp”
by an official report, which said he
had gathered personal details about
Doreen and Neville Lawrence, the
parents of the murdered teenager,
including about the breakdown of
their marriage.
He passed “fascinating and valuable” information about them to his
Scotland Yard superiors, according to
the report, which did not name him.
His superiors allegedly used the information to help defend themselves
against accusations that the police
had bungled the investigation into
the murder, 25 years ago this month.
Sir John Mitting, the judge leading
the inquiry, has said one of the crucial
issues will be to determine the involvement of Hagan and his colleagues in
the monitoring of the Lawrences.
Hagan has said he has mental health
problems as a result of his deployment
and his real name and fake identity
should be kept secret. Mitting, however, ruled that his fake identity
should be published.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:8 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 17/4/2018 20:40
The Guardian Wednesday 18 April 2018
Windrush apology
Continued from page 1
Home Office ‘threw
away’ key data on
Windrush citizens
of an arrival from the Caribbean or
other former colonies and had difficulty tracing any other records, senior
officers would request the key to the
basement of the neighbouring building and consult the landing cards.
“Sometimes the Passport Office
would call up, and people would say:
‘I’ll look in the basement,’” the exemployee said.
After the destruction of the archive,
when an individual requested confirmation of an arrival date, staff had to
reply stating there was no record of it.
From around 2013 onwards, he said,
the number of requests from people
from the Caribbean began to increase.
“Every week or two, someone
would say: ‘I’ve got another one here,’”
he said. “People were writing to say:
‘I’ve been here 45 years, I’ve never had
a passport. Now I’m being told I’m not
British as there is no record of me’.”
Immigration lawyers have repeatedly criticised the Home Office’s
insistence that it is up to individuals
to provide evidence proving their right
to be in the UK. If UK officials had kept
a record of everyone granted indefinite
leave to remain, they say, the problem
would never have arisen.
Less than a month ago, responding
to concern over NHS refusal to grant
cancer treatment to Albert Thompson,
the prime minister said he “needed to
evidence his settled status”.
The Labour MP David Lammy said:
“This revelation from a whistleblower
reveals that the problems being faced
by the Windrush generation are not
down to one-off bureaucratic errors
but as a direct result of systemic
incompetence, callousness and cruelty within our immigration system. It
is an absolute disgrace that the Home
Office has destroyed these documents
and then forced Windrush-generation
migrants to try and prove their status.”
The Home Office acknowledged
that the UK Border Agency decided
in 2010 to “securely dispose of some
documents known as registration
slips. These slips provided details of an
individual’s date of entry but did not
provide any reliable evidence relating to ongoing residence in the UK.”
Officials said in a statement that the
decision was taken on data protection
grounds, “to ensure that personal data
… should not be kept for longer than
necessary. Keeping these records
would have represented a potential
breach of these principles”. However, the former employee said he
believed the decision was not taken on
data protection grounds but because
there was not enough room for them
to be accommodated. He said staff had
wanted to offer the landing card files
to public archives, but were told there
was no interest. He said he noticed a
change in approach to cases after the
“hostile environment” policy.
In 2009 and 2010, managers gave
case workers and members of his team
time to look into cases.
But from 2013 onwards, he said,
staff were “given no leeway to make
a judgment call”.
Journal Leader comment Page 2 May tells Caribbean
leaders she is sorry
for ‘any anxiety caused’
Peter Walker
Amelia Gentleman
Theresa May has apologised to the 12
Caribbean heads of government for
the treatment of Windrush citizens
and has promised that no one will be
The prime minister told a meeting
with Caribbean leaders she wanted to
dispel any impression that her government was “in some sense clamping
down on Commonwealth citizens, particularly those from the Caribbean”.
“I take this issue very seriously,”
May said. “The home secretary apologised in the House of Commons
yesterday for any anxiety caused.
And I want to apologise to you today.
Because we are genuinely sorry for any
anxiety that has been caused.”
May added: “Those who arrived
from the Caribbean before 1973 and
lived here permanently without
significant periods of time away in the
last 30 years have the right to remain
in the UK, as do the vast majority of
long-term residents who arrived later. I
don’t want anybody to be in any doubt
about their right to remain.”
She pledged to compensate anyone
left out of pocket after it emerged that
some people had lost their jobs and
benefit entitlements, and others had
needed to take specialist legal advice
to avoid deportation.
She added: “We would also like
to reassure you that there will be no
removals or detention as part of any
assistance to help these citizens get
their proper documentation in place.”
After the meeting, the Jamaican
prime minister, Andrew Holness, said
he accepted May’s apology. “I believe
that the right thing is being done at this
time,” he said.
Asked whether he was satisfied
▲ The front page
of the Guardian
reporting Amber
Rudd’s apology
that nobody had been deported as a
result of UK paperwork issues, Holness
said: “I asked the direct question of the
prime minister. She was not able to
say definitively that was not the case.
“But they are assuring us that they
are checking the records that they have
to make sure that is not the case.”
No 10 had initially refused to meet
the leaders but a furore over the treatment of the affected people, who
predominantly arrived in the UK as
children from the Caribbean, led the
home secretary, Amber Rudd, to apologise to the Commons on Monday.
Speaking earlier in the day, the Cabinet Office minister, David Lidington,
blamed officials for May’s original
refusal to meet the Caribbean leaders.
“As soon as this issue was brought
personally to the attention of the
prime minister yesterday, she countermanded the decision of people in her
office and agreed to the meeting,” he
told BBC Radio 4’s Today programme.
Lidington also said that the government was not certain whether any
Windrush-era citizens in the UK had
been wrongly deported, reiterating
that their treatment had gone “badly
“I talked to the home secretary
about this last night, and the position
is that we have no information,” Lidington said.
In response, Diane Abbott, the
shadow home secretary, later
tweeted: “It’s unacceptable for ministers to claim they don’t know how
many Windrush citizens have been
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:9 Edition Date:180418 Edition:03 Zone:
Sent at 17/4/2018 23:45
Wednesday 18 April 2018 The Guardian
Jessica Elgot
Theresa May with Andrew Holness,
prime minister of Jamaica, yesterday.
Below, the Labour MP David Lammy
How May’s ‘hostile environment’
for migrants brought anguish
to a generation with every
right to live their lives in Britain
▼ Immigrants from Jamaica are
welcomed after disembarking from
the Empire Windrush in 1948
deported. A simple matter of checking
Home Office records, surely?”
Rudd delivered an unprecedented
apology in the Commons on Monday for the “appalling” actions of
her department. The home secretary
announced the creation of a new Home
Office team, staffed by 20 officials,
dedicated to ensuring that Commonwealth-born long-term UK residents
would no longer find themselves classified as being in the UK illegally. She
also promised that cases would be
resolved within two weeks and application fees would be waived.
Lidington denied that the “hostile
environment” approach to immigration enforcement put in place by May
when she was home secretary had
helped trigger the problem, insisting
it was the result of decisions made over
decades. “It was clearly right that the
home secretary recognised that things
had gone badly wrong in respect of this
group of people and made a full formal
apology to parliament and the public
about this yesterday,” he said.
The Guardian has been documenting a growing scandal over the past five
months affecting an unknown number of people who arrived in the UK
from the Caribbean as children, often
on parents’ or siblings’ passports, but
were never formally naturalised or
have not applied for a British passport.
heresa May was two
years into her job as
home secretary when
she made her strategy
explicit, telling the
Telegraph in 2012
that her aim was to “create here in
Britain a really hostile environment
for illegal migration”.
The outcry over the treatment
of the Windrush generation of
migrants, who were in Britain
legally, but sometimes without the
paperwork to prove it, has exposed
the scale of that strategy.
The hostile environment created
by new legislation and regulation
has meant migrants do not only
face border officials when they
enter the country for the first time
– but as a constant part of daily life.
They must prove their immigration
status whenever they try to rent a
property, open a bank account or
access health services. Landlords
and employers become immigration
enforcers – or risk hefty fines.
At the Home Office, May had the
task of delivering David Cameron’s
election promise that immigration
would be reduced to the tens of
thousands, a pledge that has yet to
be realised.
Her decision to repeat the
promise at the last general election
and her refusal to discount
international students from the
net migration figures, despite
discomfort over both issues from
her cabinet colleagues, underlines
how controlling immigration is an
ideological driver for May.
The Labour MP David Lammy,
who has led the charge in parliament
calling for justice for the Windrush
families who have been unfairly
targeted, suggested the atmosphere
of distrust was a feature, not a bug,
in the system.
“It is public policy to send ‘go
home’ vans around areas of high
immigration like my own, to send
immigration officers to churches
that offer help to refugees, to make
concerted efforts to establish immigration tourism as a significant
feature of our health service when it
is not and to deny access to healthcare for people with cancer,” he said.
“There is also the huge cost
involved – it can be £40,000 for one
family – constantly having to seek
renewed leave to remain.”
Sarah Teather, a former Liberal
Democrat MP, revealed in 2013
that an internal working group
on immigration had been initially
named the hostile environment
working group; it was changed after
Lib Dems objected.
Teather, who is the director of the
Jesuit Refugee Service, said: “[May]
was proud of wanting to generate a
really hostile environment.
“The Home Office has a culture
of enforcement and disbelief which
runs deep into the walls – but it is
politically led. It’s a culture from
the top, and it has been a bit rich for
‘It is public policy to
send immigration
officers to churches that
offer help to refugees
and to deny healthcare
to people with cancer’
[the home secretary] Amber Rudd to
blame civil servants. When you’ve
had a Conservative home secretary
that long, you cannot moan when
civil servants deliver those policies.”
Apologies to Windrush
generation migrants by Rudd and
May also made clear ministers
and officials believed their poor
treatment to be an anomaly. Home
Office guidance says the rules are a
“proportionate measure to maintain
effective immigration control”.
David Lidington, the Cabinet
Office minister, denied that May’s
tough approach in the Home Office
had caused the crisis.
Downing Street said the strategy
was intended to target illegal
immigrants alone, some of whom
had been working in conditions
akin to slavery. The prime minister’s
spokesman said the rules were
“specifically designed to deal with
the problem of illegal immigration
and issues such as people working
illegally and in the black market”.
However, campaigners, MPs
and legal experts say the treatment
of those Windrush-era Caribbean
migrants was a logical consequence
of the hostile environment strategy.
Colin Yeo, an immigration
barrister from Garden Court
Chambers, said the strategy
had been applied without much
consideration of the social
“We now effectively have incountry immigration controls,
carried out by private citizens on
each other,” he said. “It’s done
through fear of penalties, or it can
be done through bureaucracy, the
system of checks in healthcare or
education which are so onerous.
“Black and ethnic minority
people are disproportionally
affected too – a landlord will ask for
your papers if you look or sound
foreign. We know this is happening
in practice.”
Nick Timothy, May’s adviser at
the Home Office and her joint chief
of staff at No 10 until the election,
criticised the treatment, but said:
“The solution lies in formalising
their status, not abandoning
sensible policies to limit illegal
Yeo said limited resources were
also a factor, meaning the Home
Office was unable to carry out huge
numbers of forced removals and
the hostile environment was in
part about encouraging people to
“self-deport” by making their lives
unpleasant. “That seems to be the
rationale,” he said.
When the system is enforced,
errors can be widespread. A recent
report found one in 10 bank account
refusals because of immigration
checks occurred in error. A Law
Society report last week found
almost half of UK immigration and
asylum appeals were upheld, which
it said was “clear evidence of serious
flaws” in the way visa and asylum
applications were being dealt with.
EU citizens
Fears over fate
after Brexit
Daniel Boffey
and Jennifer Rankin Brussels
Lisa O’Carroll
The row over the Home Office’s
treatment of Windrush-era residents
has fuelled fears in Brussels and the
UK over the fate of EU citizens after
the country leaves the bloc.
The government’s policy choices
on migration, and its administrative
frailties, have long been a cause for
concern among EU officials. The attack
by Amber Rudd, the home secretary,
on her own department over the treatment of people who arrived in Britain
as children from the Caribbean has
heightened those concerns.
People who have lived in the UK
for decades, but have been unable to
produce evidential documentation to
meet tightened immigration policy,
have lost their jobs, become homeless
or been refused urgent healthcare.
Some have been sent to immigration
removal centres or threatened with
Guy Verhofstadt, the European
parliament’s Brexit coordinator, who
has been vociferous in his support for
EU citizens living in the UK, said he
expected the British government to
reassure the European parliament that
there would be adequate safeguards in
place to ensure a similar scandal is not
repeated. “This will be deeply worrying for millions of EU citizens in the UK
who will now fear similar treatment
after Brexit,” he said.
The3million, a campaign group
which represents EU citizens in the
UK, met the immigration minister,
Caroline Nokes, yesterday to discuss
how the Home Office will handle the
online application process for “settled
status” post-Brexit. She reportedly
told them she could “not guarantee”
that EU citizens could end up being
treated like the Windrush generation
in years to come.
Like the Windrush generation
caught out by Home Office red tape,
the EU citizens’ campaign group has
identified the elderly, the computerilliterate and people in care as those
who could later face deportation for
not registering before Brexit.
“The trouble is that, unlike in
Europe, there are no ID cards in the
UK, which means there may be no way
of proving that you have the right to
be resident in the country,” the3million co-founder Nicolas Hatton said.
“Because of the ‘hostile environment’
policy, this is already biting hard on
those who don’t have documents.”
There are also concerns about how
the state uses schools, employers,
landlords and the tax and social benefits offices to crack down on people
the system rejects even through error.
A government source said: “We are
absolutely clear we will be putting in
place a system for the more than three
million EU citizens that are living here
which is smooth and takes their considerations into account and makes the
process as simple as possible.”
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:10 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 17/4/2018 19:30
Third person
stabbed to
death within
two days
in London
The Guardian Wednesday 18 April 2018
Haroon Siddique
Police are investigating another fatal
stabbing in the capital after the death
of a teenager in east London.
Officers, paramedics and London’s
air ambulance were called to a street in
Forest Gate at about 10.50pm on Monday. The victim was pronounced dead
at the scene just before 11.30pm. He
was named locally as Sami Sidhom, 18.
Formal identification had yet to be
arranged, police said.
Tariq Bhugeloo, a neighbour who
arrived to lay flowers at the scene, said
the teenager had never been involved
in any trouble. “Sami was always outside polishing his car – a new black
Audi A4. His grandfather passed away
recently, so with the inheritance he
bought this car,” he said.
A woman who lives in the street
where the incident took place said she
had been woken by a scream.
“I looked down and saw four men
attacking someone on the ground. I
shouted ‘get off him’ out of the window to try to make them stop, and
▲ Police carry out a search in
Forest Gate, east London, where
a teenager was found stabbed
they jumped into two different cars
and sped off,” she said.
“The boy on the ground was screaming, but by the time I got to him, he
had run down the street, probably 100
yards, and he collapsed on the ground.
He was still conscious, but he was losing blood quickly.”
Seyi Akiwowo, a councillor for Forest Gate North, tweeted: “Some more
devastating news, a young person has
been fatally stabbed in Forest Gate.”
The killing comes after two people
died in separate domestic stabbing
incidents in London on Sunday.
Hundreds of women
have mesh implants
removed every year
Hannah Devlin
Science correspondent
Hundreds of women are undergoing
surgery each year to have vaginal mesh
implants removed, an NHS review has
found. The investigation by NHS Digital came after the Guardian revealed
last year that the number of women
having surgery to remove the implants
was far higher than official figures for
complication rates suggested.
The latest report shows that in
each year since 2008, surgeons have
removed at least 500 of the implants,
used to treat common complications
of childbirth and pregnancy.
Over the past decade, there were
5,374 mesh removal operations on
women who had initially been treated
for stress urinary incontinence. Over
the same period, 101,538 patients had
been implanted with mesh devices to
treat the problem.
NHS Digital collated figures on
meshes and tapes to help the NHS
create a clearer national picture of
the rates of complications linked to
the devices.
Carl Heneghan, professor of
evidence-based medicine at the University of Oxford, who has called for
a public inquiry into the use of mesh
implants, said the report highlighted
the urgent need for proper registries
of medical devices that would establish complication rates and safety far
more rapidly.
Most vaginal mesh implants used
in the NHS were launched without
The number of mesh removals in a
decade for women initially treated for
stress urinary incontinence
The number of patients implanted
with the devices over the same period
to treat the problem
Time in minutes to perform the most
common implant procedure. Patients
often go home the same day
clinical trials. “Twenty years after
the first device was approved, we’re
only just starting to get to grips with
the evidence base,” Heneghan said.
“That means there’s been experimentation for 20 years.”
Vaginal mesh implants have been
widely used across Europe and in the
US since the early 2000s, when they
started to be favoured over traditional
open surgery procedures, which took
longer to perform, involved a lengthier recovery for patients and were
associated with their own range of
The most common kind of procedure, called a TVT implant, typically
takes 30 minutes and is performed
using keyhole surgery. Patients often
go home the same day and trials have
found impressive success rates for
resolving incontinence, but some
women have been left with severe
In response to growing concerns
about the operation’s failure rate for
prolapse, in December the health
watchdog, Nice, banned the use of
vaginal mesh to treat prolapse.
The latest figures show that in the
most recent year, there were still more
than 2,500 mesh operations for prolapse, suggesting that some surgeons
have been slow to accept steadily
growing evidence showing problems
with the procedure.
Kath Sansom, founder of the Sling
the Mesh campaign group, said: “The
government have selectively used figures in a bid to make mesh risk look
low and have presented it in such a
confusing way that to a non-experienced reader they will think mesh is
not a problem.”
She said that, crucially, the audit did
not capture private patients or women
going to GPs for pain medication or
antibiotics to treat urinary infections.
James O’Shaughnessy, The health
minister, said: “These experimental
statistics aim to provide the NHS with
a clearer national picture on the use
of meshes and tapes to treat urogynaecological prolapse or stress urinary
“Given the importance of this issue,
I have asked the chief medical officer,
Professor Dame Sally Davies, to seek
the views of relevant NHS bodies, surgical societies, and patient groups on
the implications of the statistics, and
report back to me within a month.”
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:11 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 17/4/2018 15:40
Wednesday 18 April 2018 The Guardian
▼ Adrienne Warren dances up a
storm as Tina Turner. Below, with
Lorna Gayle as Gran Georgeanna
tribute to
the pain
Sheridan in Concert
Bridgewater Hall, Manchester
Dave Simpson
Aldwych theatre, London
Michael Billington
his terrific show is
billed as the “untold”
story of Tina Turner.
Given that there
has already been a
bestselling memoir
called I, Tina, a popular biopic
starring Angela Bassett and even
a jukebox musical, Soul Sister, the
claim looks a little exaggerated.
But this version, which comes
with its subject’s blessing, offers a
heady celebration of triumph over
adversity and boasts a whirlwind
performance by Adrienne Warren
that left the audience, though not
the star herself, breathless.
The book by Katori Hall, assisted
by Frank Ketelaar and Kees Prins,
dwells on Turner’s extraordinary
tenacity and ability to overcome
life’s obstacles. Born Anna Mae
Bullock in Nutbush, Tennessee,
she loves singing in Baptist choirs,
and learns to cope with her parents’
Teamed professionally with
Ike Turner, whom she eventually
marries, she has to endure the
horrors of serial abuse. Divorced and
striking out on her own, she initially
pays a heavy financial price and,
as a 40-year-old woman of colour,
suffers rejection by a record industry
dominated by white males.
As the world knows, however, she
went on to achieve solo stardom.
While recording Tina’s troubles,
the show is anything but a sob story
since it is a tribute to her gutsiness
and drive. I would have liked to have
heard more about how her Baptist
upbringing and Buddhist conversion
sustained her during the dark times,
but Tina’s travails are always offset
by the glories of the music.
What is striking is the way the
songs – 23 of them – are used in a
variety of ways. Sometimes they are
there to advance the narrative, as
when Tina steps into the breach in
the recording studio and rescues a
session by singing A Fool in Love.
At other times, they demonstrate
her capacity for reinvention: in
River Deep – Mountain High she
follows Phil Spector’s injunction
to stick to the melody rather than
relying on the kind of aggressive
fervour encouraged by Ike. Only
once did I sense a clunking cue
for a song, when Tina, talking to a
deeply sympathetic marketing man,
superfluously inquires: “What’s
love got to do with it?”
However, the show rests on the
‘Warren is
She captures
the fact that
there is not
one Tina
but several’
shoulders of the New York-based
Warren, who is rarely off stage and
who is simply astonishing. Above all,
she captures the fact that there is not
one Tina Turner but several.
Warren shows how Tina develops
and changes as a singer and how,
in moving to rock stardom, she
retains her ferocious energy while
introducing occasional notes of
plangent melancholy. Warren also
conveys Tina’s growth from stoical
victim of Ike’s cruelty into a woman
of defiant confidence. On top all
that, she dances up a storm in a way
that had the audience on its feet
even before the curtain call.
The tricky role is that of Ike, and
Kobna Holdbrook-Smith skilfully
counters his monstrosity by
suggesting that he never got his due
as a rock’n’roll pioneer and was a
product of a culture that encouraged
male swagger: you don’t like Ike
but you begin to understand him.
That is the mark of a production by
Phyllida Lloyd that is intelligent and
consistently good to look at.
Mark Thompson’s design uses
projections to create a whirling
panorama of America, Bruno Poet’s
lighting evokes the empurpled skies
of Tennessee and the softer registers
of a Monet-like Thames, and the
choreography of Anthony van Laast
ensures the show is in perpetual
motion. As bio-musicals go, this is
as good as it gets.
Until 20 October
Box office: 0845-200 7981
artime show
tunes set the
mood before
Sheridan Smith
bounds on
with a spotlight
lighting her from behind and making
her blond locks glow like a halo.
Her big hair, wiggly walk, red dress
and lipstick ooze an old-fashioned,
Marilyn Monroe sort of glamour.
Smith may be one of Britain’s
most accomplished actors, but this
two-hour show of orchestrated
covers, laughs and introductory
stories is something else – and she
admits to being nervous. “Usually, I
play a role,” she explains, “but this is
as if I’m naked. I promise not to take
my clothes off … well, maybe in the
second half.”
She doesn’t, but there is plenty
else on offer as she rattles from big,
brassy, Shirley Bassey-type numbers
(Big Spender, I Smell a Rat) to
bump’n’grind send-ups (Addicted to
Love; Superstar) and F-bomb-strewn
banter. She has had a tough time
lately, and public struggles following
her father’s death from cancer. “I’ve
been crazy for a couple of years.
You might have read about it,” she
admits after a boisterous version of
Gnarls Barkley’s Crazy.
In the second half, she talks
cheekily about “my Fanny”
(referring to Brice) and introduces
“Anyone ’oo Ever ’ad a ’Art by Burt
Backer-crack”. Cilla Black – who
sang the Bacharach song in the
1960s – was one of Smith’s great
acting roles, and she reprises the
voice uncannily. A segue from I Will
Survive into Happy may have overegged the emotional pudding, but
somewhere amid the chaos, knickers
jokes and spine-tingling real hurt is a
glimpse into the demanding nature
of Smith’s voracious talent: she gives
everything of herself to everything
she does.
Touring until 26 April
Sheridan Smith:
voracious talent
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:12 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 17/4/2018 20:06
The Guardian Wednesday 18 April 2018
Fears review
won’t call for
ban on risky
Robert Booth
Architects have raised fears that a
government review of building regulations will stop short of proposing a ban
on flammable cladding on apartment
towers in the wake of the Grenfell fire.
The Royal Institute of British Architects, whose members include Richard
Rogers and Norman Foster, fears that
sprinkler systems and extra escape
staircases will not be required either.
It has written to Sajid Javid , the housing secretary, to “raise significant
concerns that key changes … seem to
have been overlooked”.
The review is being carried out
by Dame Judith Hackitt, the former
chair of the Health and Safety Executive who was commissioned in the
wake of the disaster, which claimed
71 lives last June.
Building owners across England,
where more than 300 buildings have
▲ Hundreds of buildings are clad in
similar material to Grenfell Tower
been identified with similar combustible cladding, are awaiting reforms so
they know what materials can be used
to replace dangerous cladding.
“We fear that the current set of proposals under consideration overlook
simple but critical changes that would
provide clarity for professionals and
most importantly help protect the
public,” said Jane Duncan, from RIBA’s
expert group on fire safety. “Sprinklers,
a second means of escape and a ban on
flammable cladding for high-rise residential buildings are common-sense
recommendations and a basic requirement in other countries.”
It is widely believed that all three
measures could have saved lives at
Building inspectors visited the
tower 16 times during its refurbishment from 2014 to 2016 and signed it
off as compliant with government fire
safety guidance despite its being fitted with combustible cladding panels.
The highly complex system of building
regulations and guidance was quickly
identified as a key problem. In December, Hackitt described the rules as “not
fit for purpose” and open to abuse by
those trying to save money.
Hackitt, who is due to report within
weeks, has said she will not propose
a new building regulations system
that “tells people what to do” but one
that “creates a culture where there is a
clear focus on building and maintaining safety”.
This approach has led to fears in
parts of the construction industry
that the complexity, which has led to
problems with the use of combustible
cladding, will remain and residents
will still have to rely on fire engineers
and testing specialists to know if they
are safe.
The RIBA notes that Hackitt appears
comfortable with cladding of “limited
combustibility”, often used for high
rises. It thinks it would be simpler to
ban all combustible cladding.
The Ministry of Housing Communities and Local Government did not
respond to request for comment.
Diamonds found in
meteorite point to
’lost planet’ within
early solar system
Ian Sample
Science editor
Diamonds found in a meteorite which
exploded over the Nubian desert in
Sudan 10 years ago were formed deep
inside a “lost planet” that once circled
the sun in the early solar system, scientists have said.
Microscopic analyses of the meteorite’s tiny diamonds – which are up
to 100 micrometres long – revealed
that the stones contained compounds
produced under intense pressure, suggesting they formed far beneath the
surface of a planet.
The mysterious world was calculated to be somewhere between
Mercury and Mars in size.
Astronomers have long hypothesised that dozens of fledgling planets,
ranging in size from the moon to Mars,
were formed in the first 10m years of
the solar system and were broken apart
and repackaged in violent collisions
that ultimately created the terrestrial
planets orbiting the sun today.
If the latest findings are confirmed,
the Almahata Sitta meteorite will be
the only known remnant of such a
long-lost planet. The material will give
scientists a unique window into the
conditions that prevailed in the deep
history of the solar system.
“Simulations suggested the early
solar system had tens of these embryonic planets that collided with each
other to form the terrestrial planets.
But having evidence of one of them?
I wasn’t expecting that,” said Farhang
Nabiei, who studied the meteorite at
the Federal Institute of Technology in
Lausanne, Switzerland.
Philippe Gillet, a senior author of
the study, said: “We are doing archaeology, trying to decipher the story of
the solar system.”
The Almahata Sitta meteorite was
the first to be tracked by telescopes as it
sped towards Earth and exploded over
the Nubian desert in 2008. The University of Khartoum gathered 480 pieces
of the meteorite, equating to 4kg. Early
inspections revealed the rock to be a
ureilite, an unusual mineral mix not
matching other space rocks known to
have come from the moon or Mars.
Writing in the journal Nature Communications, the Swiss team have
described fresh analyses showing that
diamonds in the meteorite had specks
of an iron-sulphur compound thought
only to form at pressures greater than
20 gigapascals. They conclude that the
diamonds formed deep beneath the
surface of an unknown world.
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Section:GDN 1N PaGe:13 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 17/4/2018 20:50
Wednesday 18 April 2018 The Guardian
▼ The analysis found that it was not
only remain voters who feared leaving
the EU would come at too high a price
Divisions in
Europe ‘like
a civil war’
Daniel Boffey Brussels
Jon Henley
UK worse off under every
Brexit scenario, study finds
Pippa Crerar
Deputy political editor
Each of the government’s four Brexit
scenarios, including a bespoke deal,
would leave Britain poorer and
cost the taxpayer hundreds of millions of pounds each week, analysis
has shown.
The study for the thinktank Global
Future, by Jonathan Portes, a professor of economics and public policy
at King’s College London, found that
a bespoke deal, the government’s
preferred option, would have a net
negative impact of about £40bn a year.
Polling commissioned for the study
by Populus, which is run by David Cameron’s former strategy chief Andrew
Cooper, found that voters, even those
who backed Brexit, feared leaving the
European Union would come at “too
high a price”.
The analysis ca me as the
government braced itself for defeats
in parliament today, including over
its plans to take the UK out of the
customs union, as the EU withdrawal
bill returns to the House of Lords.
Nine senior Conservatives,
including two former cabinet ministers, are among those who have put
their names to a series of cross-party
amendments aimed at persuading
Theresa May to rethink her position.
The amendment giving parliament
a vote on staying in a customs union,
which is almost certain to pass, would
mean MPs will get a say on the contentious issue, despite the government’s
efforts to kick it into the long grass. The
only way the prime minister would be
able to avoid defeat would be to offer
significant concessions.
The Global Future research is based
on the government’s own impact
studies on three different Brexit
scenarios, but also examines a fourth
option – a bespoke deal – using data
from the official assessments along
with details set out by the prime
minister in her Mansion House speech.
It suggests that option would
increase the cost of non-tariff barriers
by £23bn over the status quo. Other
costs – including customs barriers,
divorce payments and ongoing
contributions – would add another
£38bn, while limits on free movement
would dent the economy by £6bn.
However, the analysis found that
a bespoke deal could also bring in
Brexit will cost UK public services £40bn a year under the
government’s preferred deal, rising to £81bn in a no deal scenario
Norway deal
EEA rules
Canada deal
FTA rules
Cost per week
in 2033-34 at
2018 prices
Cost as a % of
the 2018 NHS
Additional net
borrowing each
year by 2033-34
No deal
May’s preferred
WTO rules bespoke option
Source: Govt. impact assessments, Study for Global Future by professor Jonathan Portes, King’s College, London.
Note: EEA = European Economic Area, FTA = Free Trade Agreement, WTO = World Trade Organisation
£27bn extra to the Treasury, including
from customs revenue and EU budget
savings. Overall, the net cost of the
deal would be £40bn a year by 203334, or £615m a week in today’s prices.
After looking at all four options
available to the prime minister, the
study established that in the long term,
the amount of money available for
spending on public services would fall.
Under the so-called Norway option
there would be £262m less a week,
under the Canada model it would be
£877m, while with no deal it would
be £1.25bn.
This would mean 22% less funding available for the NHS if there was
a bespoke deal, and 9%, 31% and 44%
less under each of the other options.
A poll of 2,000 people for Global
Future found they overwhelmingly
thought all four possible deals –
bespoke, remaining in the European
Economic Area, a free trade agreement
and crashing out on to World Trade
Organization terms – were bad.
It found that 72% of those who voted
leave thought £615m a week would be
too high a price to pay for the bespoke
deal; while 78% felt it was worse than
they had hoped for when casting their
vote in the EU referendum.
When forced to choose between
the four scenarios, more than half of
all those polled – 51% – opted for the
Norway-style deal, which has the least
impact on public finances and trade, as
well as the fewest additional controls
of immigration. Leave voters also
narrowly preferred this option.
Portes said: “If we are to decide
what sort of Brexit we want, the least
we need is a menu, with prices. The
one we have prepared represents the
government’s current best estimates.
It’s up to us to decide which of these
prices is worth paying.”
Emmanuel Macron has likened the
political divisions in Europe to a civil
war and warned against growing
illiberalism on the continent.
In his first speech to the European
parliament, the French president
called for the defence of a European liberal democracy that offered
protection of the rights of its minorities, and attacked those who took their
countries out of the EU to pursue fairytale “adventures”.
“I am for the most integrated and
closest possible relationship after
Brexit, and there’s a well-known solution – it’s called EU membership,”
Macron said.
The vast majority of the speech,
however, was about the future without the UK, and the need for the 27
other EU member states to be united
against the emergence of the nationalist authoritarian traits of the past.
Without naming the Hungarian
prime minister, Viktor Orbán, who
recently won a landslide victory after
a campaign that played on voters’
fears on immigration, Macron was
scathing about politicians who scapegoated migrants. “There seems to be
a certain European civil war: national
selfishness and negativity seems to
take precedence over what brings us
together. There is a fascination with
the illiberal, and that is growing all the
time,” he told MEPs.
“In the future, we must struggle to
defend our ideals … This is a democracy that respects individual minority
fundamental rights, which used to be
called liberal democracy, and I use
that term by choice. The deadly tendency which might lead our continent
to the abyss, nationalism, giving up of
freedom: I reject the idea that European democracy is condemned to
“I don’t want to belong to a generation of sleepwalkers,” he said. “I don’t
want to belong to a generation that’s
forgotten its own past.”
Echoing Tony Blair’s 2005 appearance at the European parliament,
during which he tackled Nigel Farage head on, to rapturous applause,
Macron picked out France’s Front
National for comment. “You were
elected to this assembly by the French
people, sir,” the president said. “Perhaps you shouldn’t have come.”
Macron also passionately defended
the military strikes by the US, the UK
and France last weekend against the
Syrian regime’s chemical weapons
He repeated his calls for reform of
the eurozone, a digital tax, re-engagement with European voters before
the European parliamentary elections next year, and moves to protect
the continent’s sovereignty in areas
ranging from copyright to data. He
also counselled against allowing the
accession of Balkan states to the EU
until they had instituted reforms.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:14 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 17/4/2018 20:06
The nerve agent used to poison the
former spy Sergei Skripal and his
daughter, Yulia, in Salisbury was delivered in a liquid form, the Department
for Environment, Food and Rural
Affairs has said.
A very small amount of the nerve
agent novichok was used in the attack
and the highest concentration was
found at Skripal’s house, it emerged
at a press briefing in the city.
Work has started to decontaminate affected sites in Salisbury, and
so far nine sites had been identified as
requiring some sort of specialist cleaning, Defra said.
The sites included part of the Maltings shopping centre, where Skripal
and his daughter collapsed, the Zizzi
restaurant and Mill pub, which they
visited that day, and the family home
on the outskirts of the city. The home
of DS Nick Bailey, the police officer
The Guardian Wednesday 18 April 2018
Defra says nerve agent
used against Skripals
delivered as a liquid
Steven Morris
injured in the incident, also needed
decontaminating. Police previously
said they believed the pair had been
poisoned at the front door of Skripal’s
home. Specialists found the highest
concentration of the nerve agent on
the door, police said.
Last week previously classified
intelligence about the attack claimed
that Russia had tested whether door
handles could be used to deliver
nerve agents.
A small cordoned-off area of the
cemetery containing the remains
of Skripal’s wife and son has been
reopened after “extensive investigations and testing” established that the
site was not contaminated.
Work to clean nine potentially
contaminated sites will involve tests,
removal of items, chemical cleaning and retesting. Sites will remain
secured until test results have been
reviewed and approved by a government unit. Defra is planning and
overseeing the work based on expert
advice from the Defence Science and
Technology Laboratory at Porton
Down and from Public Health England, the Department of Health and
Social Care, the Home Office and the
Ministry of Defence.
The clean-up operation will be carried out in partnership with Wiltshire
council with support from the MoD,
which is providing specialist teams.
About 190 specialist army and RAF
personnel will help the operation.
Defra’s chief scientific adviser, Prof
Ian Boyd, chair of the government’s
decontamination science assurance
group, said: “Our number one priority is making these sites safe for the
public, so they can be returned to use
for the people of Salisbury.
“Thanks to detailed information
gathered during the police investigation, and our scientific understanding
of how the agent works and is spread,
we have been able to categorise the
likely level of contamination at each
site and are drawing up tailored plans.
Meticulous work is required and we
expect it will be a number of months
before all sites are fully reopened.”
In the coming days Salisbury can
expect to see cordons around the most
public sites being replaced with secure
fencing, backed by police patrols and
security guards. Some cordons will
be temporarily expanded to allow in
workers with specialist equipment.
Defra said that the scientific assessment now was that the remainder of
Salisbury was safe.
Bulbs on borrowed time Pickers remove
rogue varities of daffodils from thousands of
flowers growing at Taylors Bulbs, a family-run
firm in Holbeach, near Spalding, Lincolnshire.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:15 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 17/4/2018 18:58
Wednesday 18 April 2018 The Guardian
Girl died after
bouncy castle
down hill – QC
Ben Quinn and agencies
The father of a young girl who died
after a bouncy castle was blown across
a park with her inside it yesterday told
a court of how he desperately chased
after the inflatable.
Seven-year-old Summer Grant
had been enjoying a family day out at
Harlow town park in Essex when the
inflatable was blown 300m down a hill,
the hearing at Chelmsford crown court
was told.
Witnesses described seeing the
bouncy castle “cartwheeling in the
air, cartwheeling down a hill and only
stopping when it hit a fence”, a prosecuting lawyer said.
A fairground worker, William
Thurston, 29, and his wife, Shelby
Thurston, 26, who are accused of
failing to adequately anchor the
inflatable, both deny manslaughter
by gross negligence and a health and
safety offence.
▲ Summer Grant, seven, was on an Easter outing to the funfair PHOTOGRAPH: REX
Lee Grant, Summer’s father, told the
court he was at the fair on 26 March
2016 with his mother, sister, Summer
and his other daughter, Lily, who was
aged five at the time.
Recounting what happened after
Summer went on the bouncy castle,
Grant said he had heard his mother
scream “no”, and within seconds it
had blown away.
“I just saw some sort of cable
flying in the air and it just blew away.
I remember it blowing over some sort
of caravan and kept on going over the
field,” he said.
“I started running after the bouncy
castle down the field. It was 30 to 50ft
in the air and just rolling down the
field, just rolling and rolling.
“I think it hit a tree. At the end of
the field, it came to a halt when it hit
the fence.
“I couldn’t find her. I couldn’t find
the entrance to the bouncy castle as
it had deflated by the time it reached
the end.”
Grant said he saw someone go into
the bouncy castle to bring Summer
out. His daughter was taken to hospital, where she died.
The two defendants, of Whitecross Road, Wilburton, near Ely,
Cambridgeshire, sat side by side in
the dock as the prosecution’s case was
opened yesterday by Tracy Ayling QC.
She said that a yellow weather warning had been in place for two days prior
to the incident and was still in place,
with Storm Katie forecast. Ayling said
that according to a meteorologist, the
highest gusts during the afternoon of
26 March had reached 35 to 40mph.
She said the weather was cold and
windy. “While Summer was in the
bouncy castle, it blew away from its
moorings, bounced 300 metres down
a hill; having hit a tree, it came to rest.”
Ayling said William Thurston was
among those who chased the bouncy
castle as it blew away. When he went to
help Summer, she appeared very badly
injured and struggling to breathe”.
“It’s the Crown’s case that they
breached the duty of care they owed
to Summer Grant by failing to ensure
that the bouncy castle, called a circus
super dome inflatable, was adequately
anchored to the ground and failed to
monitor weather conditions to ensure
it was safe to use.”
Summer’s parents, who live in
Norwich, paid tribute last year to
their daughter, describing her as their
“beautiful angel”.
In a statement released through
Essex police, her father said “She was
the most happy, polite and beautiful
girl in the world. I still can’t come to
terms she’s not here.”
The trial continues.
Impact of cuts on
disabled people
are ‘catastrophic’
Frances Ryan
Disabled people are being forced to
skip meals and sit in cold homes in a
climate of benefit and social care cuts,
according to new research.
Analysis by ComRes for Leonard
Cheshire Disability shows almost a
quarter of disabled adults aged 18-65
missed at least one meal in the last
year, while a fifth said they were not
able to keep their home warm.
More than one in four (27%) working age disabled adults reported having
less than £50 to spend each week after
deducting income tax, council tax and
housing costs.
The financial situation is compounded by a growing social care
crisis, with 55% of disabled people of
working age saying they did not receive
the vital support they needed in 2017
– compared with 48% in comparable
research for 2016.
Leonard Cheshire said the impact
of tax and welfare changes since
2010 had been “catastrophic”, with
essential heating, food or travel often
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:16 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 17/4/2018 17:32
The Guardian Wednesday 18 April 2018
‘I want to put out joy
and love and energy
because when I walk
into the Young Vic
that’s what I feel’
Kwame Kwei-Armah
Young Vic artistic director
Tate galleries
aim to attract
young visitors
with £5 tickets
Mark Brown
Arts correspondent
Musical Shakespeare
and cheap seats on
bill as Kwei-Armah
takes over Young Vic
Chris Wiegand
The Young Vic’s new artistic director,
Kwame Kwei-Armah, has revealed
details of his first season at the London
theatre. It promises a soulful musical version of Twelfth Night, a digital
project exploring Englishness and
£5 tickets for the first preview performance of every show in the theatre’s
main house.
Twelfth Night opens the season in
October and features “funky, fun and
modern” music and lyrics by the American singer-songwriter Shaina Taub.
Kwei-Armah chose Shakespeare’s
comedy as his first production because
he wanted “to put out joy and love and
energy, because when I walk into the
Young Vic that’s what I see and feel”.
He will co-direct the show with Oskar
Eustis, the artistic director of New
York’s Public Theatre, where it ran in
2016. The production will feature an
ensemble of 40-50 people from the
local community.
The next two productions in the
main house are revivals of plays that
should form part of a “new canon of
classics” said Kwei-Armah. The first
is The Convert, by the playwright and
actor Danai Gurira, who played the
warrior Okoye in the blockbuster Black
Panther film. The play, which explores
Catholicism and colonialism in Rhodesia in the late 19th century, was staged
in a different production at London’s
Gate Theatre this year.
The second is Jesus Hopped the ‘A’
Train by Stephen Adly Guirgis. The
play is set in the Rikers Island prison
in New York and will be directed by
Kate Hewitt. It was first seen in London at the Donmar Warehouse in 2002,
directed by Philip Seymour Hoffman. Kwei-Armah said it had moved
him profoundly and that it asked
whether we deserved redemption as
human beings.
Before Twelfth Night opens in the
main house, the theatre will stage
Naomi Wallace’s play Things of Dry
Hours in its Clare studio this summer.
Kwei-Armah, who started out as an
actor and has been greatly acclaimed
as a playwright, took up the position at the Young Vic in February. His
appointment was celebrated as a big
step forward for diversity in British
theatre. Having returned to the UK
after running Baltimore’s Center Stage
theatre since 2011, he said it felt as if
the country was experiencing an identity crisis, and that it was moving both
backwards and forwards. He said he
had been saddened to hear conversations about Windrush children being
sent back or deported or feeling under
threat, and “to look at immigrants and
to see the fear that’s in their eyes”.
“That was the fear that was in my
mother’s and father’s eyes 40 and 50
years ago,” he said.
The season will include My England, a series of three-minute
monologues released online, exploring what it means to be English.
Writers of the monologues include
Jack Thorne, Selina Thompson, Lucy J
Skilbeck, Omar El-Khairy and Polly
Stenham. Kwei-Armah said that the
project would find a way of articulating
Danai Gurira’s play
The Convert will be shown
▲ Kwame Kwei-Armah wants to see
a socially relevant Young Vic reaching
the widest possible audience
Englishness at a time when it was
being “weaponised” by the far right.
He said access for all was in the
Young Vic’s DNA and he wanted the
company to be “socially relevant” and
speak to the widest possible audience.
He unveiled a scheme whereby all tickets for the first night of previews for
shows in the main house will be available through a lottery for £5.
The Young Vic also plans to take
shows into the community, to “people
who do not normally think that theatre is for them”, performed in “places
where you don’t normally find theatre”. The YV Unpacked initiative will
visit refugee centres, prisons, women’s
refuges and homeless shelters. The
first production is a revival of Spring
Awakening by Frank Wedekind.
The theatre will also present Jordan
Tannahill’s Draw Me Close, a hi-tech
collaboration with the National Theatre and National Film Board of Canada.
It merges live performance and virtual reality to explore the relationship
between a man and his terminally ill
mother; Tannahill created the show
after his mother’s cancer diagnosis.
Kwei-Armah made the announcement about the coming season
yesterday at a press conference that
opened with an impassioned performance by Gabrielle Brooks, who will
appear in Twelfth Night, and ended
with the charismatic artistic director
taking a selfie in front of the attendees.
He said he was “overjoyed and petrified” to be taking over from David Lan,
who ran the theatre to great acclaim
for 18 years.
A £5 ticket scheme has been launched
by Tate to increase the number of
young people going to exhibitions.
It can cost up to £22 to see a blockbuster show at Britain’s national
galleries, which means that the vast
majority of visitors are from older age
Yesterday, Tate’s director, Maria
Balshaw, announced details of a
scheme called Tate Collective, the first
free-to-join membership scheme for
16- to 25-year-olds at any UK national
museum. Anyone of that age, anywhere in the world, can join and get
discounts in Tate’s cafes and shops as
well as £5 entry per person for themselves and three friends.
Currently, 16- to 25-year-olds make
up less than a tenth of the audience
for Tate exhibitions. Balshaw said she
now expected that figure to increase
quickly, without it costing a great deal.
“Nothing in life is free but because this
is about growth in audience we anticipate it will pay for itself.”
Tate also plans to appoint a trustee to represent the views of young
people. Balshaw said: “We are acting
on what 16- to 25-year-olds say they
want so that we can make the changes
needed for future generations. Our
sector should be shaped by their creative energy and their message to us
is clear: arts institutions should plan
with, not for, them.”
Ticket prices for exhibitions have
crept up over recent years. In 2012 it
cost visitors £16 to see the big Leonardo da Vinci show at the National
Gallery. Weekend tickets for its current Monet show are £22. Standard
entry to Tate Modern’s Matisse show
in 2014 was £16.30, while its current
Picasso show is £22.
Balshaw said affordability was an
issue and Tate had other shows with
cheaper tickets as well as discount
schemes for older people. “Larger
exhibitions are more expensive to
make and have a higher ticket price.”
For legal reasons, Tate cannot specify an age range for the new trustee,
but they will be expected to have a
“commitment, connection and real
insight” into the generation born after
1978, Balshaw said.
Tate’s initiative has been supported
by the culture secretary, Matt Hancock. He said: “Young people are the
cultural leaders of the future and it is
important we do all we can to support
their creativity and ideas.”
▲ Tickets for Tate Modern’s current
Picasso show cost a hefty £22
Sent at 17/4/2018 11:44
Toby Campion and Laurie Ogden, poets
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Sent at 17/4/2018 20:39
The Guardian Wednesday 18 April 2018
husband Peter
Caruana Galizia
is under 24-hour
police protection
‘I don’t see a full
commitment to
trying to find out
who sent the killers’
Peter Caruana Galizia
Murdered journalist’s husband
Continued from page 1
Who really killed
Malta’s Daphne
Caruana Galizia?
The Maltese government says police
are leaving no stone unturned. The
justice minister is offering a €1m
(£870,000) reward for information
leading to anyone who may have
ordered the bombing last October.
Caruana Galizia had plenty of enemies and critics. She had challenged
many who hold power and influence
in Malta: mobsters, business people,
public officials, lawyers, the governing
Labour party, even the current leader
of the Nationalist party, with which she
had been closely aligned.
The journalist’s widower was speaking from the family home in the village
of Bidnija, where he is under 24-hour
police protection. The 62-year-old lives
alone because the family have been
advised by security experts that it is too
dangerous for his three sons to stay on
the island where they grew up.
The interview launches a collaboration of 18 news organisations from
15 countries, brought together to continue investigations Caruana Galizia
was undertaking when she died. Led
by France’s Forbidden Stories, the
Daphne Project includes the Guardian, the New York Times, Süddeutsche
Zeitung, Reuters and Le Monde.
Today, the Daphne Project reveals:
• Exclusive details of the murder
inquiry, including how the bombing
was planned and executed, and police
concerns that the alleged bombers
were tipped off before their arrest.
• The inquiry is focused on who built
the bomb and on any links between the
accused and organised crime.
• A previously unheard recording of
the journalist made six days before she
died in which she alleges horrendous,
state-sanctioned vilification, and
decades of threats against her life. The
family’s pet dog had her throat slit in
1995, and there was a serious arson
attack on their home in 2006.
• Interviews with Caruana Galizia’s
sons, including Matthew, who was one
of the first on the scene after the attack.
Over the coming days and weeks,
the project will set out the dangers
posed to law and order in Europe by
alleged political corruption and poor
controls on money laundering in Malta.
We will share revelations from a cache
of 680,000 files leaked to Caruana Galizia in the final months of her life. The
material concerns multimillion-dollar
energy deals signed by Malta’s government with Azerbaijan, a notorious
Peter Caruana Galizia agreed to
speak because of his concerns that
the murder inquiry, which has been
assisted by the FBI, appears to have
stalled. The three suspects have been
widely reported in Malta’s media as
being known to the police.
Caruana Galizia’s family have dismissed the government’s offer of a €1m
reward for information about the mastermind as a publicity stunt.
According to two sources with
knowledge of the investigation, officers are working on the assumption that
the maker of the bomb is still at large,
and that whoever ordered the attack
may have links to organised crime.
Detectives believe the accused – the
brothers George and Alfred Degiorgio,
and their friend Vincent Muscat – had
been tipped off before their arrest.
When officers sought them out in
the harbour area of Marsa, in a raid
filmed on a soldier’s head camera and
later broadcast on television, police
believe they were prepared. Phones
had allegedly been thrown in the water
and George had his partner’s mobile
number written on his hand.
The three accused were asked to
comment ahead of publication but
declined to do so.
Peter Caruana Galizia said: “I don’t
see a full commitment to trying to find
out who sent the killers.”
▲ A memorial to Daphne Caruana
Galizia in Malta’s capital Valletta
His wife’s political blog often
attracted more readers than all of Malta’s national press combined and took
aim at anyone she believed needed to
be held to account.
Caruana Galizia used to joke that
someone would have to take out a contract on her life before she fell silent,
her husband said. “Subconsciously she
knew that this was the only way she was
going to be stopped.”
The world had gradually closed in
on Malta’s best-known journalist in
the last four years of her life. Members of the ruling Labour party had
encouraged the public to film and photograph her wherever she went, and
to upload the pictures to social media.
She feared meeting sources in public.
A libel case from the economy minister
had resulted in cash being seized. She
was facing 47 libel suits when she died.
Those now seeking damages from
her heirs, who have inherited many of
the cases, include the prime minister,
Joseph Muscat, his chief of staff, Keith
Schembri, and two of his ministers.
Muscat said in an email sent by his
spokesman: “Allegations of organised
threats or harassment against Daphne
Caruana Galizia or her family are
wholly false. My family and I were at
the centre of Daphne Caruana Galizia’s
politically motivated attacks, but we
did not respond to her provocations.
I have only resorted to legal means in
extreme circumstances.”
Police would be free to “go wherever
the evidence takes them”, said Muscat,
and the murder was being investigated
“vigorously”, with police given whatever resources they needed.
Schembri said Caruana Galizia had
made frequent allegations against him
which were “often misinformed and
defamatory”, and that, where appropriate, he had instructed lawyers “to
seek proper correction and redress”.
The journalist had fallen out not only
with Labour, but with an array of public
officials, business people, magistrates
and the new leader of the Nationalist
opposition party, which she had previously supported.
Matthew, the couple’s eldest son,
who is a journalist at the International
Consortium of Investigative Journalists in Washington, has been advised
he is in danger and should not return to
Malta. All three sons now live abroad.
“They feel like strangers in their own
country,” their father said. “It’s not the
Malta that they knew. It’s changed.”
The investigation
Silenced by a car
bomb – but her
mission lives on
Juliette Garside
he explosion was
so loud it shook the
windows of the family
home. In a cold panic,
Matthew Caruana
Galizia ran to the front
door, barefoot. “That moment,
opening the door, the dogs barking,
the light, I just thought I was going to
collapse on to the floor.”
The neighbours were already
outside. He sprinted past them,
down the dirt track that leads to
the village road, barely aware of
the stones cutting into the soles of
his feet. Halfway down he saw the
column of black smoke.
In front of him were the remains
of a burning car, his mother’s. She
had been inside it.
The murder six months ago of the
journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia
sent shockwaves around the world.
In Malta, the prime minister,
Joseph Muscat, and his party stand
accused of allowing corruption to
go unpunished, of weakening the
police and the judiciary, of allowing
an environment in which her killing
became possible.
But it goes deeper than that. The
European Union must now decide
how to deal with its smallest member state – an island that appears to
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:19 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Wednesday 18 April 2018 The Guardian
Sent at 17/4/2018 20:39
Forensic experts examine the rural
location where a powerful bomb
fatally blew up the car of investigative
journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia
in Bidnija, Malta, in October last year
▼ The view of the road from the
lookout point in Bidnija in Malta
allegedly used by one of the three
men accused of the murder of
journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia
two weeks, avoiding the television
crews. The days passed in a blur.
But it was Matthew’s precise
recollection of what his mother was
doing in the minutes before she was
killed that led to an apparent breakthrough in the murder inquiry.
from the ceiling are a Spiderman toy,
fishing tackle, and the severed heads
and tails of marlin fish.
This is Namey
where officers arrested the
– and where
they suspect the
murder was planned. “They used to
come here at the beginning or the
end of the day,” said one man who
knew them. “Sometimes, they had
visitors at night. They were the kind
of people who, even in the middle of
summer, they give you a chill.”
The evidence that led police to
suspect these men was compiled
by Insp Keith Arnaud, a homicide
detective who knew Daphne and
had once tried to arrest her.
His case has been set out in
meticulous detail in testimony
for an examining magistrate, who
is deciding whether the accused
should stand trial.
Reviewed by the Guardian, the
testimony shows how police zeroed
in on the arrested men with help
from the FBI and a team of forensic
specialists from the Netherlands.
They assumed the bomb had been
triggered remotely, and had probably been linked to a mobile phone, so
the question was: who was making
calls that day, and from where?
The evidence was provided
by a major piece of FBI computer
processing, undertaken in the US,
and complicated by the fact that the
Vodafone mast in Bidnija was “off
grid” at the time of the murder.
Thousands of calls redirected
to other masts had to be sifted
before investigators believed they
had found what they were looking for: the numbers of two devices
that appear to have been used to
detonate the bomb.
Detectives believe the sim cards
for the phones were bought almost
a year before the murder. The two
numbers only ever communicated
with each other.
Further analysis revealed one of
the sim cards was used in a basic
Nokia handset; the second, which
Arnaud calls “the god device”, was
attached to a circuit board like those
used to switch on lights or central
heating by remote control. Or, in this
case, it seems, to detonate a bomb.
Having apparently found the
method for triggering the device,
Arnaud’s team was unsure who had
The police investigation
have become a magnet for criminals
and kleptocrats, and that some MEPs
fear has become a gateway for dirty
money into the rest of the continent,
including the UK.
The profound questions raised
by Caruana Galizia’s murder have
become the focus of a new collaboration: the Daphne Project.
With the support of her family,
a group of 18 international media
organisations, including the Guardian, Reuters and Le Monde, has
come together. Led by Forbidden
Stories, whose mission is to continue
the work of silenced journalists,
the group has spent months piecing
together Caruana Galizia’s story and
pursuing the investigations she was
working on when she was killed.
Today, the project launches with
the story of her murder; of the men
facing trial for the crime; and the
enduring mystery of who commissioned it, and why.
The murder:
16 October 2017
Daphne Caruana Galizia had spent
her last morning working at the
dining room table opposite her
eldest son, Matthew. The air was
still and heavy with the scent of wild
fennel. The densely planted garden
of her hilltop home in the northern
village of Bidnija muffled any noise
from the road. She was absorbed
in her work, and the hours passed
unnoticed. Just before 3pm Caruana
Galizia hastily gathered her things
– she was late for an appointment at
the bank. She rushed out, came back
for some forgotten cheques, then
climbed into her car.
As the charcoal grey Peugeot 108
headed south out of the village, she
was being watched. For her killers, the moment had come; a bomb
placed under the driver’s seat was
detonated by remote control.
A neighbour, Francis Sant, who
was driving in the opposite direction, recalls a first explosion, which
sent out white smoke and debris.
Moments later, there was a second,
much larger blast and the vehicle
caught fire, before careering off the
road into fields.
In an interview for this project,
Sant said: “I am going to say something that I have never said before.
Because I felt that I shouldn’t say it
… I even heard her screaming … But
as soon as she screamed she became
a ball of fire.”
As Matthew, 32, sprinted towards
the scene, he remembers seeing a
crater in the road. Trees were on fire.
He could see glass, plastic and flesh.
He couldn’t see the car but he
could hear it; the horn was blaring.
He followed the noise and the
smoke, all the while hoping it was
not his mother’s vehicle.
But then he recognised the licence
plate. Circling, looking inside, there
was nothing but orange fire. No sign
of a body, no silhouette.
He searched the ground for a stick
to prise open what was left of the
doors when he heard police sirens. “I
was looking on the ground for something, and then I saw a leg. And I
remember thinking to myself like OK
… there is a leg on the ground, there
are body parts up there, obviously
no one could have survived this, so
it’s pointless.”
Soon, his mother’s sister arrived,
and then, after some frantic phone
calls, his father and two younger
brothers. The family hunkered
down in Bidnija, staying indoors for
On 4 December last year, in an early
morning swoop on the seedy port
area of Marsa that involved soldiers arriving by boat and a Swat
team storming in from the road,
police arrested three men widely
reported in Malta as being known
to the police: the brothers George
and Alfred Degiorgio, aged 55 and
53 respectively, and their associate
Vincent Muscat, 55.
The brothers were ordered at
gunpoint to lie on the ground. Muscat was handcuffed to an iron
railing. Footage of the raid, shot
from a soldier’s head camera, was
released to the press. The focus of
the operation that day was a large,
rusty shed overlooking Valletta’s
Grand Harbour. Known locally as
the potato shed – it was once used
for storing vegetables – the structure
now shelters the colourful rowing
boats of the Marsa Regatta Club.
One end is now fenced off. It
contains weightlifting benches, a
barbecue and a secure room with a
metal door and shutters. Suspended
▼ The ‘potato shed’ in Marsa,
Valletta, where soldiers and police
arrested three men in connection
with the killing in a dawn raid
Continued on next page
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:20 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 17/4/2018 20:44
The Guardian Wednesday 18 April 2018
Continued from previous page
pressed the button. The intelligence
services were already monitoring George Degiorgio’s personal
phone, in connection with another
Arnaud told the magistrate he was
able to match the location data from
George Degiorgio’s personal number with another device, thought
to have been one of three “burner”
phones acquired for the job. Over
a period of weeks, they found the
burner phones signalling to the
network from the same masts as personal numbers used by the accused.
The data provided by the FBI
showed that the night before the killing, all three burner phones were
active in Bidnija. And at 1.41am, the
circuit board sim was switched on.
After that, the suspects headed
their separate ways, Arnaud told
the court. According to his account,
Alfred Degiorgio spent the night in
Bidnija and the other two left the
village. By 6.15am on the day of the
murder, George’s phones were allegedly signalling from the potato shed
in Marsa. Shortly after that, they
were said to be transmitting from the
coastline around Valletta.
Police matched the locations
with CCTV footage and spotted a
small cabin cruiser with a distinctive green hood. The boat, called
the Maya, was registered in Alfred’s
name, but the phone data led police
to believe it was George at the helm
that afternoon.
At 2.55pm, the Maya stopped,
idling along a sheltered stretch of
water beneath a neoclassical war
memorial known as the Siege Bell.
Minutes later, it is alleged, there
were two phone calls to the boat,
both from Bidnija. The first lasted
44sec; the next, 1min 47sec.
Arnaud’s testimony to the court
explains: “If you look into why there
were two calls, it matches perfectly
with what Matthew Caruana Galizia
said when he told us that when his
mother left the house, she forgot the
cheque book.
“In our opinion … the spotter saw
the victim come out, he informed
the person at sea to prepare himself, the victim went into the house
again, the call ended, but two minutes later it took place again.”
At 2.58pm, a text message was
sent to the “god device” containing a
code designed to activate the circuit
board in the bomb.
Within minutes of the blast,
Arnaud told the court, George was
messaging his girlfriend: “Buy me
wine, my love”. She replied: “OK”.
At 4pm, CCTV shows the Maya cruising back towards its mooring. The
police case relies upon the evidence
provided by the phones, and more
information may be forthcoming.
The murder How police believe the events unfolded
Location 1 Valletta’s Grand Harbour
The boat spends the
morning sailing
around the coast
A text is sent from the Maya which
allegedly detonates a bomb placed
under the driver’s seat of Caruana
Galizia's car
Galizia's home
Route of
Galizia’s car
The wider investigation
A sweep of the harbour floor by army
scuba divers led to the recovery of
eight phones said to have been used
by the accused. The Guardian understands that all the devices were sent
to Europol in the Netherlands for
analysis weeks ago.
Alongside the examining magistrate hearing police evidence against
the alleged bombers, another
magistrate, Anthony Vella, is investigating the murder. Europol, the
FBI and a Maltese telecoms expert
Location 2 Bidnija village, 6.5 miles away
The boat passes a
breakwater and
comes to a stop
The Maya is filmed on CCTV
leaving Valletta's Grand Harbour
Former gun battery
used as a lookout point
White rental car spotted
many times parked nearby
are reporting directly to him. The
family’s hopes of discovering who
ordered the killing rest with Vella,
because they fear police will not
pursue evidence that might lead
to politicians. A source close to the
inquiry said police were focused on
finding the bomb maker, and tracing
any links to organised crime.
Vella is “a very thorough, meticulous, no-nonsense person”, says
the family’s lawyer, Jason Azzopardi, who is also an opposition MP.
“The fact that these international
experts are answerable to the magistrate is the way it should be because
this case has reverberations that go
beyond the shores of Malta.”
The three suspects have said
nothing since their arrest.
The Guardian understands that
detectives suspect the men had been
tipped off before their arrest. When
officers came for them in Marsa, the
phones they had allegedly used were
already on the seabed, and George
had his partner’s mobile number
written on his hand.
The Nationalist MP and former
opposition leader Simon Busuttil is
concerned that the raid appeared
staged: “The assault was fully filmed
and everything looked pre-set for
maximum propaganda effect.”
All three men entered not guilty
pleas and accepted legal aid but
declined to speak to their lawyers.
They have yet to stand trial,
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:21 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Wednesday 18 April 2018 The Guardian
Sent at 17/4/2018 20:44
The countdown to the
deadly car bomb attack
In Daphne Caruana
Galizia’s own words
‘Malta has made
me a scapegoat’
Journalist details decades of harassment in
recording made days before her murder
• 15 November 2016
Sim cards for mobile devices
allegedly used to trigger the bomb
are purchased.
• 10 January 2017
The trigger sims are activated
for the first time, in the area of
Zebbug. One is placed inside a
Nokia handset and used to send
four text messages to the other,
placed in a circuit board.
After 20 minutes, the sims
are switched off.
• 19 August
Three burner phones believed
to have been used by the
bombers are activated within
20 minutes of each other.
• 21 August
Trigger sims are switched on for
the second time, and two text
messages are sent between
them. This appears to be a
second test run.
• End of September
White rental car seen for the first
time in the vicinity of Bidnija.
Over the coming weeks it is
spotted many times, parked
near a lookout point.
▲ Campaigners mark the six-month
anniversary of Daphne Caruana
Galizia’s death in Malta this week
and any suggestion they were acting on orders remains speculation.
Certainly, Caruana Galizia had many
enemies and many critics. She took
aim at anyone she believed needed
to be held to account – mobsters,
business people, even the current
leader of the Nationalist party, with
which she had been closely aligned.
Caruana Galizia’s second son,
Andrew, lays blame at the feet of the
ruling Labour party. “Maltese citizens are completely naked when
they interact with their state,” he
says. “There’s no independent
institution between the citizen and
the government. Her assassination
became possible for that reason.”
In the aftermath of the attack,
and without the consent of the family, the government offered a €1m
(£870,000) reward for information
leading to the killers. Despite the
arrests, it remains on the table.
In a statement emailed by his
spokesman, the prime minister said:
“An investigation is ongoing into
those who ordered the killing. I trust
the Maltese police will investigate
this case with full professionalism,
and without fear or favour.”
The stakes for both Malta and the
EU remain high.
• 15 October
All three burner phones located
in Bidnija. Alfred Degiorgio’s
personal number and the device
said to be his burner phone appear
to remain there all night and most
of the following day.
16 October
1.41am – Trigger sim is switched
on. It signals from Bidnija, where
Caruana Galizia’s car is parked
outside her home.
8am The Maya is filmed on CCTV
leaving Valletta’s Grand Harbour
(above). Phone data suggests only
George Degiorgio was on board.
8.30am The Vodafone mast in
Bidnija goes off grid and is closed
for maintenance until 6pm.
2.55pm CCTV shows the Maya
stopping in sheltered water
beneath the Siege Bell war
2.58pm Text message is allegedly
sent from the boat to the circuit
board sim, detonating a bomb
placed under the driver’s seat of
Caruana Galizia’s car.
3:20pm Phone data shows
the Maya heading back towards
the harbour.
3.30pm George Degiorgio sends
a message from his personal
phone to his partner: “Buy me
wine, my love”.
Juliette Garside
ess than a week before
her murder, Daphne
Caruana Galizia talked
about her life and
what it had become.
In a remarkable and
previously unheard recording, the
journalist described arson attacks
on her home, attempts to cut off
her income, freezing of her bank
accounts, dozens of libel suits by
ministers and business people, and
attacks online and in the street by
critics who branded her a “witch”.
By turns fearful, defiant and
darkly amused, the journalist set
out in her own words the danger
she was in. Six days later she died in
a car bomb. The interview in October 2017 was for a study by a human
rights group, the Council of Europe,
in which she was asked to detail decades of threats and harassment.
“They have made me into what in
effect is a national scapegoat. And
this has gone on for 30 years now,
almost,” she said.
“I am in a situation where people who can’t even read English, and
therefore have never read anything
I’ve written, at the same time are
aware of who I am, know that they
are meant to hate me … and react to
me on that basis. Totally irrespective
of what I write, but as the person, as
the figure, that they are told to hate.”
Shared by her family as part of the
Daphne Project, the recording paints
a haunting picture of how the world
had closed in on Caruana Galizia
during the last four years of her life.
Well known in Malta since her
mid-20s, when she became a columnist, Caruana Galizia had helped
launch an English language newspaper, the Malta Independent,
published her own lifestyle magazine, and then the blog Running
A mixture of news, scoops, and
strident opinion pieces, it earned
her many enemies. In true gonzo
journalism style, Caruana Galizia
never hesitated to place herself at
the centre of the story.
Her involvement in the 2016 Panama Papers investigation brought
her blog to international attention
– and led to even more intrusive
scrutiny of her in Malta.
She described how members
of the public were encouraged to
film and photograph her, and post
the results to social media. Many
of the pictures appeared on a blog
run by Glenn Bedingfield, a communications adviser in the office of
the prime minister, who published
hundreds of pieces on the journalist.
“In one year, in one year, there
were 380 posts about me. More than
one a day … I’d be in my local coffee shop having a cup of coffee and
they’d encourage people to take
photos of me and send them in. I
mean, there’s no news value in that,
you know. It was just harassment.”
Caruana Galizia said she had not
been to the beach for four years,
after an incident in which a group
had followed her, uploading photos
in real time to Facebook.
She compared her life to Arthur
Miller’s play The Crucible, about the
persecution of women as witches
in the 17th century. “You watch it
and you think: ‘Madonna, this is like
Malta but with different clothes.’”
Clearly aligned with Malta’s right
of centre Nationalist party, Caruana Galizia’s criticism of the Labour
party and its supporters could also
be merciless. Asked by the Guardian
to respond to the criticisms Caruana
Galizia made of him and his party,
Bedingfield said she would often use
her blog to encourage readers to post
photos of Labour politicians in private moments with their families.
“She was more of a political
commentator than a journalist, with
her own agenda,” said Bedingfield,
now a Labour MP. “She used her
blog on the net to target and hound
The MP said he had never advocated violence against Caruana
Galizia, or any other Maltese citizen.
Caruana Galizia married young
and had three children by her
mid-20s when she was hired as a
columnist by the Sunday Times
of Malta. Until then, she recalled,
comment pieces had been written
anonymously. “Malta got its first
▼ The Caruana Galizia family in
1989. Peter has spoken out about
the murder of his wife, Daphne
named newspaper columnist and it
was a 25-year-old woman. And this
thing was a double shock. And I used
to have people actually telling me:
‘But does your husband write them
for you? Does your father? Does your
brother?’” Becoming well known at
a young age prepared her for what
was to come, she said. “I literally
know no other way of life. I got used
to it, like, you know, like a scar forms
around a wound.”
The attempts to silence her began
early on, according to a list of attacks
compiled by the family. In 1995, after
reporting on the activity of a drug
trafficker, their dog’s throat was slit
and its body left at their home.
In 2006, truck tyres were piled
up and set on fire against their back
door in the middle of the night.
During the 2008 general election,
Caruana Galizia and her youngest son, Paul, then a 19-year-old
student, attended a political debate
at the University of Malta.
Throughout the event they were
filmed and photographed at close
range, before Labour-supporting
media broadcast the footage on television and online.
By then, Caruana Galizia’s support for the Nationalist party had
made her a target in Malta’s twoparty system. The Labour campaign
plastered her face on billboards,
depicting her as a member of the ruling elite.
In 2013, the mayor of a Maltese
town led a mob following Caruana
Galizia, insulting her and chanting
slogans, until she sought refuge in a
convent. The nuns bolted the door
and called the police.
When Labour won power five
years ago, the harassment intensified. Caruana Galizia feared for
her family. Her husband, Peter, saw
government contracts withdrawn
from his law firm. Last year her son
Andrew, a diplomat, was recalled
from India with two weeks’ notice.
He has since quit his job.
Responding to questions about
Andrew’s departure, the prime
minister said in an email from
his spokesman that he did not
involve himself in individual staffing matters, and that he had been
assured “nothing irregular occurred
and that all proper and correct procedures were followed”.
Her biggest fear was that her
example might discourage other
journalists, women in particular,
from speaking out. She described a
“climate of fear”, saying “all journalists in Malta know that they are
operating under the good will of
those they write about”.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:22 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 17/4/2018 20:26
The Guardian Wednesday 18 April 2018
Syrian officials accused
of threats to doctors who
helped after gas attack
Medics have been subjected
to ‘extreme intimidation’
says head of relief agency
Martin Chulov Beirut
Kareem Shaheen Istanbul
The head of the largest medical relief
agency in Syria has claimed that medics who responded to the gas attack
in Douma have been subjected to
“extreme intimidation” by Syrian officials who seized biological samples,
forced them to abandon patients and
demanded their silence.
Dr Ghanem Tayara, the chairman of
the Union of Medical Care and Relief
Organisations (UOSSM), said doctors
responsible for treating patients in the
hours after the 7 April attack have been
told that their families will be at risk
if they offer public testimonies about
what took place.
A number of doctors who spoke to
the Guardian this week said the intimidation from the regime has increased
in the past five days, a timeframe that
coincides with the arrival in Damascus of a team from the Organisation
for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), which aims to determine
whether chemical weapons were used.
All the medics insisted on anonymity,
citing fear for their lives and those of
their families.
“There has been a very heavy security presence on the ground ever since
the attack and they have been targeting doctors and medics in a very
straightforward way,” said Tayara, a
Birmingham-based physician now in
Turkey, where he is supervising the
departure from Syria of some of the
Douma medics. “Any medic who tried
to leave Douma was searched so vigorously, especially for samples. At
one medical point, seven casualties
were taken away. The Russian military police were heavily involved.
They were directing things.
“They were looking through their
WhatsApp message and phones,” he
added. “The doctors were treated abusively and have been threatened ever
since. Their families have been threatened that they will pay a price and they
themselves have been told they will be
arrested and much more if they give
any evidence, or interviews about
what happened in Douma.”
Testimonies of first responders
and witnesses are crucial to building
a picture of what took place in Douma
around 7.30pm on 7 April when, in the
middle of a prolonged series of airstrikes, medics in the area said they
were overrun by patients, many of
whom displayed symptoms of exposure to a nerve agent.
“We hadn’t seen anything like that
in Douma,” Tayara said. “We knew
what chlorine did, but these were convulsions, foaming and something that
had affected the central nervous system.” He said he thought the death toll
was higher than previous estimates of
between 40 and 70.
A former senior officer in the Syrian military chemical weapons
programme, Brig Zaher al-Saket, who
deserted in 2013, said Douma residents
he has worked with had buried close
to 50 bodies in an undisclosed site
in the area, hoping that they could
Without honour
The French government is to
strip Bashar al-Assad of his
Légion d’honneur as the French
president, Emmanuel Macron,
seeks to reform the country’s most
prestigious and often controversial
award. The Syrian leader was
awarded the great cross, the
highest of the distinction’s five
grades, by Jacques Chirac after
Assad took office in 2001. It did not
become public knowledge until
eight years later when the Syrian
embassy in France mentioned the
award to the author of a book.
Each year about 3,000 people
receive the award, created by
Napoleon Bonaparte in 1802 to
reward distinguished citizens
and military valour, but Macron
has said he aims to “return to the
original spirit” of the honour by
restricting the number of awards
and ensuring they are based more
on merit.
Jon Henley
▲ The former French president
Jacques Chirac and Bashar al-Assad
be eventually recovered and used to
confirm suspicions that some form of
nerve agent was used in the attack.
The OPCW has been racing to collect
samples from the site of the attack, a
three-storey house in Douma, in which
scores of people died in the basement.
Jerry Smith, who helped to supervise
the OPCW-led withdrawal of much
of Syria’s sarin stockpile in 2013,
said samples of nerve agent rapidly
degrade in normal conditions.
A cylinder of the type used by
the Syrian military to drop chlorine
remains on the roof of the building,
multiple witnesses have said. The
Russian military and Syrian officers
have had access to the house since last
Thursday, raising fears that the site
may have been tampered with. However, Smith said that residual samples
of nerve agent would probably remain
for at least another week, even after an
attempted clean-up.
Medics and survivors who have
remained in Douma, and others who
have fled for northern Syria, ridiculed
competing claims that the attack either
did not take place, or did not contain
gas. In the hours after the attack, the
main opposition militia surrendered.
Since then, tens of thousands of locals
have been exiled to northern Syria, and
the Syrian military has taken full control of the area.
Abu Walid, a survivor of the
chemical attack, whose five-monthpregnant wife and only son died,
said: “I saw my son coughing, I told
him pull it together and run up the
stairs. I grabbed my wife and ran after
him. Next thing I recall was someone
opening and closing my eyelids and
dousing me with water. For five hours
I lost consciousness, and had no idea
where I was. They told me a chemical
attack took place, they told me I lost
my wife and son and everybody else
was martyred. I told them, I wish you
didn’t rescue me.”
Some doctors have appeared on Syrian television to deny that anything
took place. One who spoke to the
Guardian said: “Our colleagues who
appeared on television were coerced,
because some hadn’t served in the military or completed their degree, and
for other reasons, some had family
in Damascus. They decided to stay in
exchange for being reconciled with the
regime. But the regime used them.”
Another doctor said: “When the
attack took place, things became much
more dangerous. They’re wiping out
evidence that would prove the crime,
and they are forcing doctors and residents who are witnesses to say that
nothing took place.”
OPCW Inspectors gain
access to Douma site
Patrick Wintour
Diplomatic editor
International chemical weapons
inspectors entered the Syrian town
of Douma yesterday to visit the site
of a poison gas attack, Syrian state TV
has reported.
The arrival of the fact-finding
mission from the Organisation for
the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) followed days of delay,
but came 24 hours earlier than Russia
had indicated.
The attack last week led the US,
Britain and France to launch missile
strikes on Saturday against three targets in Syria that the three powers said
were designed to degrade the remaining chemical weapons facilities of
Bashar al-Assad’s government.
The French president, Emmanuel
Macron, who gave his first speech
to the European parliament yesterday, said that the strikes on Syria had
been carried out “for the honour of the
international community”. France’s
foreign ministry also said it was very
likely that proof had disappeared from
Douma, adding it was essential that
the inspectors be given full access to
the site.
Russia has insisted video and pictures of the chemical attack in the then
rebel-held area were faked with the
help of British intelligence. Moscow
also said it had not put any barriers
in the way of the OPCW fact-finding
mission reaching the site.
The OPCW’s headquarters in The
Hague did not deny the report on
Syrian state TV, but said it did not comment on operational matters in order
to protect the security of its staff.
A group of reporters, many favoured
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:23 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 17/4/2018 20:26
Wednesday 18 April 2018 The Guardian
End of an era
Cubans prepare
are for
life without Castross
Page 25
Court drama
Broadway row over
To Kill a Mockingbird
Page 25
Comey’s clashes with Trump
damaging FBI, say ex-agents
Joanna Walters
New York
Former senior FBI agents have
accused James Comey of damaging
the agency’s reputation and “playing
a dangerous game” with the Russia
investigations by going on the offensive with an explosive book and media
Those speaking out also say they
have been contacted by multiple
agents currently working for the FBI
who are displeased and uncomfortable
with Comey, their ex-director, getting
into a fierce war of words with the president, who fired him last year.
In a lengthy interview with ABC on
Sunday, Comey, whose book, A Higher
Loyalty: Truth, Lies, and Leadership,
was published yesterday, said Donald
Trump was morally unfit to be president. But his commentary has upset
former colleagues who held him
in high regard both personally and
“It’s tasteless at best. There is a total
lack of dignity. He, and a number of
other FBI employees who worked
directly for him, have damaged the
agency,” Nancy Savage, executive
director of the Society of Former Special Agents of the FBI, said of Comey’s
book and interview.
Savage, who was an agent for 30
years and was president of the FBI
special agents’ association while
serving, before retiring in 2011, told
the Guardian it was inappropriate for Comey to talk about matters
by Moscow, were taken to the site on
Monday. They either reported that no
attack had occurred or that the victims
had been misled by the White Helmets
civilian defence force into mistaking a
choking effect caused by dust clouds
for a chemical attack. As many as 40
civilians died in the attack.
Igor Kirillov, the head of Russia’s
radiological, biological and chemical protection unit, told reporters
that roads still had to be cleared of
mines and debris, and UN security
services would test them yesterday.
“On Wednesday is when we plan the
arrival of the OPCW experts,” he said
at a press conference at the Russian
embassy in The Hague.
The OPCW’s director general, Ahmet
Üzümcü, had issued a statement on
Monday saying his nine-person volunteer team of expert inspectors had yet
to be deployed to Douma. Eleven days
have passed since the attack, and some
of the inspectors reached the Syrian
capital, Damascus, five days ago.
A series of often conflicting reasons
have been given for the delay, but some
pro-Assad MPs said they objected to
any inspectors coming from the US,
▲ MEPs hold placards against war in
Syria as President Macron delivers a
speech to the European Parliament
Britain or France. Üzümcü said on
Monday that Russia and Syrian officials had also spoken of “pending
security issues to be worked out before
any deployment could take place”.
The UN denied the inspectors were
waiting for permits from it to visit the
site. Instead of doing so on Sunday,
inspectors met the Syrian deputy foreign minister, Faisal Mekdad, in the
presence of Russian security officials
for three hours.
They were also given the offer of
meeting witnesses sent to Damascus
from Douma, which is under the control of Russian and Syrian troops after
rebel forces were ousted.
With trust between the western
The number of civilians thought
to have died in the chemical
weapon attack in Douma on 7 April
allies and Russia more or less nonexistent, and the credibility of many
countries at stake, the two sides have
been accusing each other of lies and
propaganda. The US said it feared
Russia was tampering with the site of
the attack.
After previous intelligence failures
by Britain and the US in Iraq, there is
an audience in the west for Russian
claims of a staged attack.
Western diplomats questioned
how it had been possible for Russia to
secure safe passage for selected reporters, but not weapons inspectors.
The OPCW team aims to collect
samples, interview witnesses and
document evidence to determine
whether banned toxic munitions
were used, although it is not permitted under UN rules to assign blame for
the attack.
The joint UN-OPCW team empowered to determine culpability for an
attack was disbanded in November
after Russia vetoed the renewal of its
mandate, largely because it said the
inspection team sometimes made
judgments on responsibility without
visiting sites in person.
relating to the president that are under
In his interview with ABC, Comey
discussed topics such as whether
Trump may have obstructed justice
by pressing him, while he was still
FBI director, to drop his inquiry into
the former national security adviser
Michael Flynn’s links to Russia.
Comey repeated his assertion that
Trump asked him for his loyalty, and
aired unconfirmed allegations that
Russia has compromising personal
material on the president. These issues
are among those under investigation
by the special counsel, Robert Mueller,
and two Senate committees.
“Overall, I and most of our members don’t think it’s appropriate for
him [Comey] to be publicly discussing
things that are still being investigated,
and it’s inappropriate to be writing
a book about it,” said Savage. She
added: “If he is potentially going to
be a witness, he needs to provide the
information he has in a controlled
fashion, not going on a book tour …
it’s bad protocol, it’s unprecedented
and it’s ill-advised.”
She also criticised some Comey colleagues, such as Andrew McCabe, who
was fired last month over accusations
of leaking to the press.
Savage and other former agents said
they had heard from FBI staff since
Comey’s interview on ABC. Former
senior agent Bobby Chacon said: “The
majority of people I have spoken to
since Sunday night think it’s unfortunate timing. They are rolling their
eyes; it’s not good.”
Abe seeking US
on North Korea
Justin McCurry
Besieged by cronyism scandals that
have prompted speculation he will be
out of office by early summer, Japan’s
prime minister, Shinzo Abe, arrived in
the US for talks with Donald Trump last
night with a potential foreign policy
headache to add to his domestic woes.
With a historic summit between
the North Korean leader, Kim Jongun, and the South Korean president,
Moon Jae-in, less than two weeks away
– and followed by a possible summit
between Kim and Trump – Japan
has found itself left out in the diplomatic cold.
Abe will attempt to use the personal
rapport he has established with the US
president over the past 18 months to
remind Trump that any deal over North
Korea’s nuclear programme must take
into account Tokyo’s concerns about
▲ Abe sets off for the US. He hopes to
build his rapport with Donald Trump
the missile threat from Pyongyang.
Abe was the first foreign leader to
meet Trump after he was elected US
president in 2016 and has made much
of their ability to bond over rounds of
golf, both in Japan and at Trump’s Mara-Lago resort in Florida, which Abe is
again visiting this week.
During their sixth face to face
meeting, Abe will seek to secure reassurances from Trump that Japan’s
interests will not be overlooked during his mooted meeting with Kim in
late May or early June.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:24 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 17/4/2018 19:07
The Guardian Wednesday 18 April 2018
banking heir
dies aged 54
Joanna Walters and agencies
The billionaire banking heir Matthew
Mellon has died at 54, reportedly while
attending a rehabilitation centre in
Mexico to deal with an admitted opioid
dependency after years of struggling
with drug addiction.
Peter Stephaich, a cousin, confirmed the death but declined
yesterday to provide any details.
Mellon came from the families behind the Bank of New York
Mellon and Drexel Burnham Lambert.
Although he chiefly lived in New York
he also had a home in Eaton Place, London. He married his first wife, Tamara
Yeardye, co-founder of Jimmy Choo
shoes, at Bleinheim Palace in 2000 at
a lavish ceremony attended by friends
who included Hugh Grant and Elizabeth Hurley. The couple became a
fixture on the British fashion scene.
According to Mellon’s LinkedIn
account and documents held at
the Securities and Exchange Commission in New York, he first went
to the Wharton business school in
▼ Matthew Mellon with his first
wife, Tamara, in 2003
In brief
Homes come in all
shapes and sizes.
So do our mortgages.
Visitor ban for holiday
island dubbed cesspool
Hundreds of riot police are to
be deployed to Boracay in the
Philippines to keep out tourists and
head off potential protests before
the closure of the holiday island to
visitors for six months.
The country’s president,
Rodrigo Duterte, has called the
tiny island and its white-sand
beach a “cesspool” and ordered
visitors to be kept away from 26
April so that raw sewage treatment
Philadelphia before working in fashion, telecommunications and finance.
He reportedly made a fortune in cryptocurrency, most recently as an adviser
for Ripple Labs.
Mellon also served for a time as the
chair of the finance committee of the
Republican party, in New York.
Testifying at a 2006 trial in which
he was acquitted of hiring a private
detective to snoop into Tamara Mellon’s finances during their divorce, the
latter said she had met her husband
at Narcotics Anonymous when they
were both recovering from addiction.
facilities can be set up and illegal
structures torn down. Yesterday,
the authorities unveiled a plan to
keep out all foreign and Filipino
tourists using more than 600 police
officers, including a 138-person
“crowd dispersal unit”. Boracay
residents will have to carry new
ID cards and will be banned from
boating and night swimming. Entry
to the 1,000-hectare (2,470-acre)
island, 186 miles south of Manila,
will be via one seaport only. The
island attracted 2 million visitors in
2017, earning the country more than
£700m, according to official data.
The threat of closure first
emerged in February, when Duterte
accused Boracay’s businesses of
dumping sewage into the island’s
turquoise waters. “Boracay is a
cesspool,” he said in a speech in his
home city of Davao. AFP Manila
South Korea
Film actor abducted
to North dies aged 91
Choi Eun-hee, one of South Korea’s
most famous actors, who was
abducted and made to make films
in North Korea during the 1970s and
80s, has died aged 91. During a visit
to Hong Kong in 1978, Choi (right)
was allegedly lured on to a boat and
transferred to a cargo ship destined
for North Korea under the orders of
Kim Jong-il, the son of North Korea’s
then leader and an avid film fan. She
escaped after attending the 1986
Berlin film festival. Martin Belam
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Police arrest teenager
who posed as doctor
Anti-palm oil activist
murdered in Amazon
Delhi police have arrested a teenager
who posed as a doctor for at least
five months at one of India’s most
prestigious medical institutions.
Adnan Khurram, 19, was friends
with doctors and students at the All
India Institute of Medical Sciences
in Delhi, where he was active in
hospital politics and posted pictures
of himself to Instagram wearing a
stethoscope and face mask.
Police, however, say Khurram was
not enrolled in any medical training
and had no qualifications. He
was arrested at the weekend after
coming in to the hospital to take
part in a staff marathon. Doctors
said they had become suspicious
because Khurram, from Bihar state,
seemed to have more free time than
most junior doctors. Khurram has
been charged with impersonation
and forgery. Michael Safi
Brazil’s Amazonian state of Pará
has added to its reputation as a
killing ground for land activists
with the murder of an anti-palm oil
Nazildo dos Santos Brito – leader
of a Quilombo African-Brazilian
community formed by runaway
slaves – was killed at the weekend. It
was the third murder in four weeks
in the north-eastern corner of the
state, which saw more killings over
territory and the environment than
any other last year.
Brito’s body was found on Sunday
morning. He had been shot in the
head and the stomach. None of his
belongings had been taken.
Members of his community
said Brito had requested judicial
protection after receiving death
threats over his opposition to palm
oil plantations. Jonathan Watts
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:25 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 17/4/2018 18:50
Wednesday 18 April 2018 The Guardian
Producers facing ban
on Mockingbird play
offer to act it in court
Counterclaim made against
attempt by Harper Lee estate
to halt Aaron Sorkin version
Sian Cain
In a courtroom drama worthy of the
novel itself, producers of the first
Broadway adaptation of Harper Lee’s
To Kill a Mockingbird are suing the
author’s estate. They are offering to
perform the play for a judge to prove
it is faithful to the book after the estate
claimed otherwise.
Rudinplay, owned by the Hollywood producer Scott Rudin, filed a
$10m (£7m) countersuit on Monday,
a month after Lee’s estate filed legal
action to stop the production. The
estate’s suit claims that the script,
by the Oscar-winning writer Aaron
Sorkin, deviates too much from the
1960 novel about race relations in the
US south.
The play is intended to premiere on
13 December in New York, but documents filed by Rudinplay say that
the estate’s lawsuit “has rendered it
impossible for the play to premiere as
scheduled … and unless this dispute is
resolved in the immediate future, the
play will be cancelled”.
According to the New York Times,
the lawsuit adds: “Investors are not
willing to invest millions of dollars
when a cloud exists.”
The countersuit asks for the estate’s
claim to be dismissed, and accuses the
estate’s representative, Tonja B Carter,
of not objecting to the script until six
months after it was submitted to Lee’s
literary agent in August 2017.
It also argues that Carter does not
have the authority to act on behalf
of Lee’s estate. Carter’s role in the
author’s legacy has been controversial since the publication of Lee’s
Mockingbird sequel, Go Set a Watchman, a manuscript Carter says she
discovered in a safe-deposit box.
“The agreement did not give Ms Lee
approval rights over the script of the
play, much less did it give her a right
to purport to edit individual lines
of dialogue,” the countersuit reads.
“It certainly did not give such rights
to Ms Carter, who is not an author,
editor, literary agent or critic, and has
no known expertise whatsoever in
theatre or writing.”
Producers are offering to perform
Rudinplay’s adaptation at the courthouse with a full cast, including Jeff
Daniels as Atticus Finch, so that a
judge can determine if the play departs
from the spirit of the novel.
to be the vice-president, Miguel
Díaz-Canel, 57, is widely expected
to represent continuity, and few
Cubans anticipate any big shift.
“If a new president were to
represent a fundamental change
in people’s lives, Cubans would be
very focused on this,” said Rafael
Hernández, a political analyst and
Communist party member. “But the
fact is they don’t see it like this.”
There are no direct presidential
elections in Cuba. When legislators
for the national assembly were
elected in March, 605 candidates
stood unopposed. All were elected.
Though relieved of the
presidency, Raúl Castro, 86, will
stay on as first secretary of the
Communist party until 2021.
“The new president will have
more power in the day-to-day,” said
Hal Klepak, author of a biography
of Raúl Castro. “But whenever
there are crises or major problems
with the US, foreign policy, or the
economy, Raúl’s word will remain
the last word.”
Díaz-Canel, a cautious reformist
hand-picked by Raúl Castro, will
be expected to walk the tightrope
of implementing more marketoriented reforms without sacrificing
Cuba’s achievements on other
fronts. Health and education are
free at the point of use in Cuba.
The country has the most doctors
per capita of any country in the
Americas, and life expectancy is 79.
And while Cubans on state salaries
feel the pinch when buying meat
and vegetables, essential foodstuffs
are guaranteed by the state.
Although in government for more
than a decade, the politics of DíazCanel are unknown to most Cubans.
His obscurity reflects the top-down
way public affairs are practised in an
island where there is only one legal
political party, and where political
campaigning is prohibited by law.
Though criticised for coming
▲ Harper Lee, original novel’s author
Lee’s estate, in its lawsuit last
month, claimed it had repeatedly
reminded Rudinplay that “it is really
important that any spin put on the
characters, not least Atticus, does
not contradict the author’s image of
them”. It accused Sorkin of adding two
new characters to the script, altering
several characters and writing a script
that “did not present a fair depiction of
1930s small-town Alabama”.
The lawsuit cited an interview
with Sorkin in the magazine Playbill,
in which he said the book as written
“doesn’t work at all” as a play.
In the New York Times, Carter said:
“As the personal representative of
the estate of Nelle Harper Lee, I must
protect the integrity of her beloved
American classic, and therefore had
no choice but to file a lawsuit against
Rudinplay for failing to honour its
contract with Ms Lee. It is my duty
and privilege to defend the terms of
Ms Lee’s agreement with Rudinplay,
and I am determined to do so.”
greeted with
Ed Augustin
hen Raúl Castro
arrives at
Cuba’s national
assembly today,
it will be the last
time he does so
as Cuba’s president. After a vote at
today’s meeting, a new head of state
is expected to assume office and, for
the first time in nearly six decades,
the island will be led by someone
whose last name is not Castro.
Viewed from the outside, the
event seems historic. Cuba without
the Castros has been the holy grail
for Florida-based Cuban exiles and
a policy vigorously pursued by a
dozen successive US presidents.
But on the streets of Havana,
indifference – not hope – is in the air.
No posters or billboards referring to
the changeover are to be seen, and
the new president is hardly a topic of
When Cuba’s main newspaper,
Granma, reported that the national
assembly would meet a day earlier
than planned, the announcement
was just two sentences long.
“A new president isn’t going
to change anything so it’s not
important for me,” said María
Victoria Esteves, 27, on her way to
buy bread. “I think everything’s
going to stay the same.”
Yadiel Sintra, 30, a builder in
Cuba’s private sector, said: “I didn’t
know about the change of president.
I’ve just found out talking to you.”
The incoming president, likely
‘Whenever there are
major problems with
the US, foreign policy
or the economy,
Raúl’s word will
remain the last word’
Hal Klepak
▲ Miguel Díaz-Canel, left, with Raúl
Castro at the May Day parade in
Havana in 2016
Raúl with his brother, Fidel, in 1961
across as stiff in his occasional media
appearances, Díaz-Canel’s image is
radically different from the late Fidel
Castro and his brother Raúl. He was
a strong advocate for LGBT rights
at a time when homosexuality was
frowned upon by many in the party.
Crucially, he was born after the
Cuban revolution. Analysts say a
younger face will be useful to push
through reforms, and to connect
with younger Cubans. If elected, he
will also be the first non-soldier in
charge of the nation since 1959.
“Accusations that Cuba is a
military dictatorship have cut deep,”
said Klepak. “It’s useful to have
somebody who has come up through
the system and didn’t arrive there
through the use of arms.”
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:26 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 17/4/2018 15:20
The Guardian Wednesday 18 April 2018
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:27 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Wednesday 18 April 2018 The Guardian
Sent at 17/4/2018 15:20
▼ Adipur, India
Young Charlie Chaplin impersonators
in the state of Gujarat commemorate
129 years since the actor’s birth
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:28 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 17/4/2018 15:45
The Guardian Wednesday 18 April 2018
Logging in
Polish forest
is illegal, EU
court rules
Arthur Neslen
The EU’s highest court has ruled
that Poland’s logging in the Unescoprotected Białowieża forest is illegal,
potentially opening the door to fines
of millions of euros.
At least 10,000 trees are thought to
have been felled in Białowieża, one
of Europe’s last primeval woodlands,
since the then Polish environment
minister, Jan Szyzko, tripled logging
limits there in 2016.
Greenpeace says as many as 100,000
conifers and broad-leaved trees in the
lowland forest may have been lost.
Poland had claimed that the chainsaws were needed to excise a spruce
beetle outbreak. But in a damning
ruling, the European court of justice
found that the country’s own documents showed that logging posed a
greater threat to Białowieża’s integrity.
A minimum fine of €4.3m (£3.7m)
▲ The ECJ has ruled that cutting trees in the ancient Białowieża wood must stop
– potentially rising to €100,000 a day
– could be levied against Poland unless
the felling is stopped.
James Thornton, chief executive
of the green law firm ClientEarth,
said: “This is a huge victory for all
defenders of Białowieża forest. Hundreds of people were heavily engaged
in saving this unique, ancient woodland from unthinkable destruction.”
The EU’s environment commissioner, Karmenu Vella, tweeted :
“Protecting biodiversity paramount. We welcome the Polish
Govt’s recognition & look forward
to implementation”.
The EU court ruling follows reports
of imminent Polish concessions in a
separate dispute between Warsaw and
Brussels over the independence of its
judiciary and free media.
However, EU officials emphasised
that Białowieża was a “very separate”
case, adding that the commission
would closely monitor Poland’s
response to the verdict.
One EU source told the Guardian
that if Poland didn’t comply with the
judgment, “we have a possibility to go
to a second infringement procedure
that may end up in fines”.
The Polish environment ministry
issued a statement saying it would
soon propose a “compromise solution”
for Białowieża, after a new protection
plan had been prepared.
Henryk Kowalczyk, the country’s
environment minister, said: “Poland
will respect the verdict. The Białowieża
forest is our national heritage. All the
activities have been undertaken with
its preservation in the best possible
condition for present and future
generations in mind.”
Another government source
told the Guardian: “Nobody will be
questioning the ruling.”
Białowieża is one of the last fragments of the primeval forest that
carpeted Europe 10,000 years ago,
and it is a haven for birds, wolves,
lynx and 25% of the world’s European
bison population. Unesco has classified the forest as a site of “outstanding
universal value”.
Greenpeace is fighting for charges
to be dropped against 300 activists
arrested during anti-logging protests.
It fears that “public safety” will be used
as a pretext” for continued low-level
Poland has withdrawn its heavy
machinery, while preserving a right
to continue logging in the forest where
falling trees or branches are a concern.
But the court found the country had
not defined precisely what “public
safety” meant, and therefore its “active
forest management operations” could
not be permitted.
Trudeau vows to
expand pipeline
despite protests
Ashifa Kassam
Justin Trudeau has said Canada is
prepared to use taxpayers’ dollars to
push forward plans for a controversial
pipeline expansion, despite protests
and efforts by a provincial government
to halt the project on environmental
For months, the provinces of
Alberta and British Columbia have
been locked in a standoff over plans by
Kinder Morgan, a US energy infrastructure company, to expand an existing
pipeline and lay more than 600 miles
of new pipe from Alberta’s oil sands to
the Pacific coast.
The project could allow Alberta to
get its bitumen to markets in Asia, but
opponents say it could result in oil
spills, and the increase in tanker traffic
could threaten the region’s southern
resident killer whales, already on the
edge of extinction.
However, the Canadian president
said the expansion was “a vital strategic interest to Canada − it will be built”.
He added that government money
could be used to secure the project.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:29 Edition Date:180418 Edition:03 Zone:
Sent at 17/4/2018 22:58
Wednesday 18 April 2018 The Guardian
Drones used in
Malaysia to help
fight spread of
‘monkey malaria’
A senior
official, Song
Tao, takes his
place next
to North
Korea’s leader,
Kim Jong-un,
and first lady
Ri Sol-ju
during a visit
to Pyongyang
by a troupe of
Chinese ballet
Hannah Summers
#MeToo in China Students fight
against university censorship
Fledgling movement against
sexual harassment gains
momentum on campus
Lily Kuo
hen Peking
China’s top
admitted this
month that 20 years ago a professor
had been involved in “inappropriate
student-teacher relations” with a
female student, the victim’s former
classmates were outraged.
The university had concluded
that the professor had “handled the
situation very imprudently” and he
was given an administrative warning
and demerit in the summer of 1998.
But the former classmates say the
“inappropriate behaviour” went a
lot further.
The say the victim, a star pupil
studying Chinese literature, was
raped and that the assault pushed
her to kill herself less than a year
Deng Yuhao, an undergraduate at
Peking University studying maths,
posted a statement on WeChat on
7 April calling for students and
teachers to pressure the university
to release more details of its
investigation. His article was viewed
or shared more than a million times.
That night a professor called
Deng to meet, according to accounts
circulated by students on WeChat.
The professor told Deng he was
being disrespectful of the dead
and his actions could cause the
situation to get out of hand. The next
day, Deng’s online statement was
scrubbed from the internet. But the
story had already spread, inspiring
other students and activists.
“There are many different roles
in this movement... The most
important is the students. They
have a strong motivation to do
something,” said Li Maizi, a Chinese
activist working on gender quality,
who was one of five women detained
in 2015 for campaigning against
sexual harassment. “They are
very united. The young people are
powerful at this moment,” she said.
From the outside, China’s
“MeToo” movement is a fledgling
one. In January, when a former
PhD student at Beijing’s Beihang
University accused her ex-adviser of
attempting to rape her 12 years ago,,
the phrases #WoYeShi, #MeToo and
“anti-sexual harassment” trended
briefly before they were censored.
“Rice bunny”, a homonym for
MeToo, has also been censored.
A WeChat account called ATSH,
which stands for anti-sexual
harassment, that people like Luo
had used to write about their
experiences, has been blocked. A
popular blog, Feminine Voices, hass
also been censored. Petitions from
students and teachers calling on
universities to establish systems to
counter sexual assault have so far
gone unanswered.
According to a 2017 survey of
about 6,500 respondents – mostly
women between the ages of 18 and
22 – by the Guangzhou Gender and
Sexuality Education centre, almost
70% of respondents had experienced
sexual harassment, with 40% of
those cases occurring on campus.
“Sexual harassment in China is so
common. People don’t really take it
seriously. They don’t really deal with
this issue,” said Wei Tingting, who
runs the centre.
But the students have begun to
fight back. At Nanjing University
they have started a Weibo account,
“Me too blue whale”, a nickname
students use for themselves. Other
students have opened similar
accounts. At Renmin University
in Beijing, students are reportedly
g their own research on sexual
harassment on campus. Zheng Xi,
Zheng Xi with her ‘No
harassment’ notice
a student in Zhejiang province, has
been writing to transport authorities
to put up signs on the subway
that say “No Harassment”, with a
picture of a man attempting to grope
a female passenger. She said she
has received positive replies from
officials in Kunming, Shanghai,
and the government-sanctioned
women’s federation in Shenzhen.
Zhu also hands out brochures about
gender discrimination at job fairs.
“I can see progress in people’s
understanding about countering
sexual harassment, and I see more
people caring about it and making
an effort,” she said. “The consensus
on counter sexual harassment is
gradually forming.”
People are still mobilising online.
Wei published an open letter to
her alma mater, Wuhan University,
asking it to establish a policy on
sexual harassment. Through
discussion groups on WeChat she
and her colleagues are encouraging
more people to do the same at other
universities in the city.
Despite the students coming
under pressure – like Deng, they
are being called in for meetings or
“tea” with school administrators
– their efforts are making some
difference. The day after Deng’s
meeting, Peking University said
it would adopt a “zero tolerance”
policy toward sexual harassment
and establish channels for reporting
cases. Shanghai Normal University
and Nanjing University, the accused
professor’s current employer, both
terminated their contracts with him.
“What impresses me most is
the students’ enduring efforts to
get their messages out. They don’t
give up,” said a volunteer with the
Feminine Voices blog who asked not
to be named.
Additional reporting Wang Xueying
Drones are being used to track monkeys deep in the Malaysian forests to
understand better how the primates
are passing a rare strain of malaria to
Malaysian Borneo has seen a surge
in cases of “monkey malaria”, a strain
of the disease that normally only
affects macaques, caused by the parasite Plasmodium knowlesi.
The disease is commonly misdiagnosed because it looks the same as a
mild form of malaria under a microscope. But the monkey strain – which
accounts for 69% of all human malaria
cases in Malaysia – has a high fatality
rate owing to the parasite’s rapid replication cycle.
A team of scientists from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical
Medicine has been running a research
programme using drone technology,
called the Monkeybar project, to monitor the spread of the disease.
Cally Roper, professor in malaria
genetics, said: “This unusual form of
malaria was previously only found in
the macaque population and was very
rare, but the number of cases has been
increasing and it appears people are at
risk when coming into contact with
the monkeys.”
The latest data shows the number of
cases among humans in Malaysia has
increased from 376 in 2008 to 1,604
in 2016. Eight deaths from the disease
were reported in 2016.
Researchers have found a strong
link between deforestation and
higher incidence of the disease among
humans. This is thought to be because
monkeys are forced out of their natural habitat towards farmland or to seek
out food sources.
“Drones are used to monitor
changes in the landscape like the clearing of forests for agriculture, where
there is primary or secondary forest
or plantations,” said Roper.
“It can then be inferred what forest
cover is most conducive to the spread
of this form of malaria.”
Using drones is cheaper than
obtaining satellite images, and can
give a more detailed picture of what
the ground cover looks like in areas
where disease is prevalent.
A £10,000 fixed-wing drone operated by a laptop is used to monitor the
forests by running for up to 40 minutes
in grid patterns, taking photographs
that are then knitted together to form
a high resolution map.
The Monkeybar project has been
collecting data in this way since
2013 but more recently has started
using thermal imaging to follow the
macaque monkeys. All the data collected is from long-tailed macaques.
The proportion of human malaria
cases in Malaysia accounted
for by the monkey strain
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:30 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 17/4/2018 19:17
The Guardian Wednesday 18 April 2018
Larry Elliott
Fund’s simple
message: the
global recovery
will peter out
World trade system at risk of
being torn apart, IMF warns
US-China row and threat of
protectionism perilous for
global economy, says report
Larry Elliott
The postwar global trading system
risks being torn apart, the International Monetary Fund has warned,
amid concern over the tariffs showdown between the US and China.
In a sign of its growing concern that
protectionism is being stimulated by
voter scepticism, the IMF used its
half-yearly health check on the world
economy to tell policymakers they
needed to address the public’s concerns before a better than expected
period of growth came to an end.
Maurice Obstfeld, the IMF’s economic counsellor, said: “The first
shots in a potential trade war have
now been fired.”
Donald Trump’s tax cuts would
suck imports into the US and increase
the size of the trade deficit in 2019 by
$150bn, a trend that could exacerbate
trade tensions, he said. “The multilateral rules-based trade system that
evolved after world war two and that
nurtured unprecedented growth in
the world economy needs strengthening. Instead, it is in danger of being
torn apart.”
Obstfeld said there was more of a
“phoney war” between the US and
China than a return to the widespread
use of tariffs in the Great Depression,
but there were signs that even the
threat of protectionism was already
harming growth.
“That major economies are flirting
with trade war at a time of widespread economic expansion may
seem paradoxical – especially when
the expansion is so reliant on investment and trade,” he said.
But he added that public optimism
about the benefits of globalisation had
been eroded because of the growing
gap between rich and poor and the fact
that many households in the west had
seen little or no benefit from growth.
“If policymakers are complacent
and do not tackle the challenge of
strengthening long-term growth,
political risks could intensify, possibly
reversing some of the progress that
economic reforms and integration
have achieved to date.”
His warning came as the IMF’s
World Economic Outlook (WEO) predicted growth in 2018 and 2019 would
be the strongest and broadest-based
since 2010, when there was an initial
sharp bounceback from the global
recession of 2008-09. The fund said
it expected expansion of 3.9% this year
and next – up by 0.2 points in each year
from the October WEO.
The IMF is the world’s lender of
IMF economic growth forecasts
% GDP growth
• 2018 • 2019
Source: IMF
▲ A busy port in Qingdao, China. The
IMF says the first shots in a potential
US-China trade war have been fired
last resort, helping to bail out struggling countries and promote financial
The WEO said its biggest growth
upgrade from the October forecast had
been for the US, which is now expected
to expand by 2.9% in 2018 and 2.7% in
2019 – up from 2.3% and 1.9% previously. The eurozone is also expected to
outperform forecasts made six months
ago, with growth of 2.4% in 2018 and
2.0% in 2019, up by 0.5 points and 0.3
points respectively.
The IMF made only modest changes
to its forecasts for the UK. It said
growth was on course to be 0.1 points
higher in 2018, at 1.6%, but 0.1 points
lower in 2019, at 1.5%.
By 2023, the IMF expects UK growth
to be 1.6%, slightly higher than the
1.4% pencilled in for the eurozone.
Obstfeld said this forecast was a bestcase assumption based on a Brexit deal
that involved zero tariffs and favourable access to the EU for the City.
Growth would still be lower than it
would have been had the UK remained
a member of the EU.
The IMF gave its blessing to interest
rate increases from the Bank of England, noting that unemployment was
close to record lows and that further
falls could add to wage pressures at a
time when inflation was already above
the government’s 2% target.
on’t be fooled. That
was the simple
message from
the International
Monetary Fund to
policymakers as it
boosted its forecasts for the global
economy for 2018 and 2019.
Sooner rather than later, the IMF
believes, the recovery will peter out.
Growth in the US is being boosted
by tax cuts that are not really
necessary and could be stoking
inflationary pressure.
The headwinds to growth in the
eurozone – an ageing population
and what the IMF sees as a lack of
commitment to economic reform
– have not eased, but are being
countered for now by the European
Central Bank’s stimulus policies and
by exports to the US.
The fund is concerned that
Donald Trump’s tax cuts could
eventually add to protectionist
pressures. That’s because the US is
already running a hefty trade deficit
and the cuts will lead to stronger
demand and a surge in imports.
By contrast, big exporting nations
such as Germany and China will see
their already large current account
surpluses expand unless they take
action to encourage imports.
In the years before the financial
crisis of 2008-09, global imbalances
between surplus and deficit
countries were part of the economic
landscape, but there are two key
differences between then and now.
The first is that the biggest deficit
nation – the US – is led by a president
ready to use protectionist policies to
reduce those global imbalances. The
second is that a decade of unusually
weak real income growth across
the west has made voters more
suspicious of globalisation.
“Anxiety about technological
change and globalisation is on the
rise and, when combined with
wider trade imbalances, could
foster a shift toward inward-looking
policies, disrupting trade and
investment,” the IMF says in its
World Economic Outlook.
Instead, it says, governments
should use the current window of
opportunity to advance policies that
lead to higher and more inclusive
growth, and build up war chests for
the next downturn. Or, as George
Osborne once put it, they need to fix
the roof while the sun is shining.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:31 Edition Date:180418 Edition:03 Zone:
Sent at 17/4/2018 23:24
Wednesday 18 April 2018 The Guardian
FTSE 100
All share
Dow Indl
Nikkei 225
▲ Just 17 months after arriving in Australia, Oliver has been forced to sell to Hallmark PHOTOGRAPH: RICHARD MILNES/ALAMY
Going under: new blow for Oliver as
Australian restaurant business fails
Anne Davies
Jamie Oliver has been forced to give
up his Australian restaurants after
the group was placed in the hands of
voluntary administrators.
In a last-minute rescue deal five of
the celebrity chef’s outlets, trading
as Jamie’s Italian in Sydney, Perth,
Brisbane, Adelaide and Parramatta,
have been sold to Hallmark, a Brisbane-based restaurant group. A sixth,
in Canberra, has been closed. The troubles in Australia come just weeks after
the depth of the Naked Chef’s global
financial woes emerged.
A note on the door of the Canberra
restaurant announced its demise:
“Dear Canberra, it is with great sadness that Jamie’s Italian Canberra has
had to close its doors indefinitely.” It
was signed “Big Love Mr O xxx”.
Oliver had stepped in to rescue the
six Australian restaurants bearing his
name in November 2016, after the hospitality company that operated the
Former AA boss claims £225m
after his dismissal for assault
Angela Monaghan
The AA is facing a claim of up to £225m
in damages from its former executive
chairman, who was sacked by the
breakdown company last year after
a “sustained and violent assault” on
a senior colleague.
Bob Mackenzie’s claim is based
on what he says could be the value
of shares the company awarded him
under a long-term bonus plan. However, the AA says he is no longer
entitled to them after his dismissal for
gross misconduct on 1 August.
Announcing results for the year to
31 January 2018, the board said it had
not set aside any sum for damages and
expected to be able to recoup legal
costs of about £1m. “The group has not
made a provision for these amounts,
as the group expects to be successful
in rigorously defending these claims,”
the AA said.
“However, the group will incur
legal costs of approximately £1m to
defend these claims during the next
two financial years, which it would
seek to recover from Bob Mackenzie
when the litigation concludes.”
Mackenzie’s late-night altercation
▲ Friends say Bob Mackenzie had
been put under extreme pressure
franchise, Keystone group, went into
Now Jamie Oliver Restaurant Group
Australia, which is wholly owned by
the UK company Jamie’s Italian Ltd,
has suffered the same fate.
There were no details about the
debts owed, but documents lodged
with the corporate regulator, the Australian Securities and Investments
Commission, revealed Oliver’s Australian subsidiary had been in discussion
with advisers over voluntary administration since late last month.
with the AA’s Mike Lloyd took place
last summer in the bar of the five-star
Pennyhill Park hotel in Surrey, and was
captured on CCTV.
Mackenzie’s lawyers are understood to be claiming he was wrongfully
dismissed, having been under extreme
pressure. They will also say the company had excluded him from talks on
a proposed merger between the AA’s
insurance business and rival Hastings, which they say was a factor in
the incident.
Friends and family members have
said the company placed extreme pressure on Mackenzie, who was “not well”
and had mixed the prescription drug
diazepam with alcohol before the
Simon Breakwell, the AA’s chief
executive since September, said the
sacking had not overshadowed the
company’s “solid performance” during the year. Revenue rose by 2% to
£959m, while pretax profit increased
by £41m to £141m.
Breakwell said investment in technology would reduce the company’s
short-term profitability, but was “vital
to our long-term success”.
A statement issued on Monday night
Sydney time on behalf of the Jamie Oliver Restaurant Group Australia said:
“Australia has and continues to be one
of our best-performing international
markets and, after a short period of
in-house management, we are pleased
to be partnering with Hallmark.”
Hallmark said it was “thrilled to
partner with Jamie Oliver Restaurant
Group on the Australian portfolio”.
The sale is a franchise arrangement
and Oliver will not retain any shareholding in the Australian group. “We’ll
be working closely with Jamie and the
UK team, staff and local suppliers to
keep driving the business forward
across the country,” Hallmark said.
Oliver’s businesses in the UK have
been struggling to restructure, with
debts of £71.5m. A spokeswoman
told the Guardian in February that
the £71.5m figure painted a distorted
picture – £47m is covered by loans from
HSBC and his companies.
In December, Oliver pumped £3m
of his own money into the Jamie’s
Italian business, and in January the
chain said it would close 12 of its 37
UK branches as part of a rescue deal
with its creditors. Since then Oliver’s
upmarket Barbecoa steakhouses in
London have gone into administration, with 80 staff losing their jobs at
the group’s Piccadilly site.
The group’s other outlet, near St
Paul’s cathedral, was saved in a lastminute deal, with a newly created
subsidiary in Oliver’s business empire
buying the City diner out of administration for an undisclosed sum.
The most recent financial results for
Jamie’s Italian revealed a pre-tax loss
of £9.9m. Sales were down 3%.
The business has been restructuring
as it struggles with £71.5m in UK
debts, £47m of that covered by loans
Costa to recycle
500m takeaway
cups each year
Rebecca Smithers
Consumer affairs correspondent
The UK’s largest coffee chain has
become the first to commit to recycling
as many takeaway cups as its customers use in an effort to stop hundreds of
millions ending up in landfill.
Costa Coffee says it will recycle up
to 500m takeaway cups a year by 2020
– the equivalent of its entire annual use
and 20% of the 2.5bn takeaway coffee
cups used in the UK each year.
The chain of more than 2,000 UK
outlets has created a new model
which it says will guarantee recycling
by incentivising waste companies to
collect cups and send them to recycling plants, and could lead to 100m
cups being recycled this year, compared with 14m recycled last year.
Disposable cups cannot be recycled
by normal systems as the cardboard has
a tightly bonded polyethylene liner,
which is hard to remove. As a result,
just one in 400 cups get recycled.
From today, Costa is to pay a supplement of £70 to waste collectors for
every tonne of cups collected, to make
it more financially attractive for them
to collect, sort and transport cups to
recycling plants,. Costa says these
extra costs will not be reflected in
higher prices for consumers.
Trewin Restorick of the environmental charity Hubbub said of Costa’s
move: “It’s great to see industry stepping up the pace to tackle this serious
environmental issue.”
Costa’s announcement is in partnership with five waste collectors – Biffa,
First Mile, Grundon, Suez and Veolia.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:32 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 17/4/2018 16:48
High streets
dying? Not
true, says
Primark as
UK sales rise
The Guardian Wednesday 18 April 2018
Sarah Butler
Primark’s owners said yesterday the
UK high street was “not remotely
dead” as the cut price fashion chain
revealed sales growth and plans for
new stores despite troubles at many
of its rivals.
The retailer, which does not sell
online, said sales rose 3% at established British stores in the six months
to 3 March. Strong growth of denim,
puffa jackets and slogan tops powered
growth despite the snow and cold
weather caused by the so-called beast
from the east weather system in late
February and an unseasonably warm
October, when sales fell back strongly.
John Bason, finance director of
Primark’s parent company, Associated British Foods, said: “We are
trading extremely well. For all people
say about footfall on the high street
we wouldn’t be getting these numbers
if more people weren’t coming into
our stores.
“If you’ve got a good differentiated offer, the UK consumer will
come to you … The UK high street is
not remotely dead. Online is growing
but we are growing too.”
The retailer opened two UK new
stores, in Charlton, south-east London, and Staines in Surrey, in the
half-year and plans to open two
more, in Burnley and Westfield’s west
London shopping centre, in the next
six months. It is also opening stores in
Germany, France, Spain and the US,
where it will move into a new region,
Florida, late next year. It said the fledgling US chain had “made progress”.
Primark is increasing market share
in the UK amid troubles at rivals
including New Look and Mothercare.
New Look is closing up to 60 stores and
Mothercare is thought to be considering a similar move.
Shares in ABF were up nearly 4%,
although analysts were disappointed
by an overall 1.5% fall in underlying
sales at Primark in the half-year.
The sports fashion and outdoorwear group JD Sports also rose above
the retail gloom as it reported a 33%
rise in sales to £3.1bn and a 24% rise
in pretax profits to £294.5m. Its shares
were up nearly 5%.
▲ Elon Musk has admitted to assembly line faults PHOTOGRAPH: SUZANNE CORDEIRO/REX
Tesla halts production
of Model 3 electric car
to ‘address bottlenecks’
Samuel Gibbs
Tesla has temporarily suspended its
Model 3 saloon car assembly line as
Elon Musk’s electric car firm struggles
to deliver on targets.
The company said the production
pause was planned and would last
up to five days. It is the second time
since February that Tesla has halted
its assembly line for the Model 3 at its
plant in Fremont, California.
A Tesla spokesperson said: “These
periods are used to improve automation and systematically address
bottlenecks in order to increase production rates.” But the shutdown took
staff at the plant by surprise, forcing
them to use vacation days or stay
at home without pay, according to
reports from BuzzFeed.
Tesla suspended production of its
Model 3 for four days in February in
what the company said was planned
work to improve automation and
address bottlenecks. It warned then
that more periods of downtime in coming months were possible.
Car manufacturers typically stop or
slow production of new models when
ironing out problems with production.
Tesla took shortcuts with testing of
its production line in to get to market
quickly, which some experts say has
resulted in manufacturing problems.
“Tesla’s been trying to run full tilt,”
said Chaim Siegel, an analyst at the
tech advisory firm Elazar Advisors.
“He’s (Musk is) sleeping overnight
on the production floor. I don’t think
there is any way they would purposely
want to slow production. It tells me
something’s not quite right,”
Musk recently admitted that “excessive automation” at the Tesla plant had
contributed to what he called “manufacturing hell” and had slowed down
production of the crucial mass-market
model. “We had this crazy, complex
network of conveyor belts … And it
was not working, so we got rid of that
whole thing,” Musk told CBS.
The electric car maker has repeatedly missed targets and is now trying
to reach a production volume of 2,500
vehicles a week. Musk recently said it
was managing to make 2,000 Model 3s
a week, but failed to assuage doubts
about reaching its 5,000-a-week target
in three months’ time.
“I can’t imagine that Tesla can reach
an output of 5,000 cars per week until
the end of June,” said Frank Schwope,
an analyst at German bank Nord LB.
“I expect that Tesla is going to fail (in)
their aims for this year.”
Musk tweeted last week that Tesla
would be profitable and cashflow positive in the third and fourth quarters,
with no need to raise money. But many
analysts have disputed this analysis,
which hinges on a rapid rise in production of the Model 3.
The number of Model 3 vehicles that
Tesla is hoping to make each week,
up from its recent output of 2,000
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:33 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 17/4/2018 20:35
Wednesday 18 April 2018 The Guardian
Business view
Nils Pratley
There’s no reason for Primark’s
owner to change a winning
formula by narrowing its focus
f Associated British Foods
didn’t have a controlling
shareholder, an uppity
US hedge fund would
probably have demanded
that the company be split
into pieces years ago. Whitbread
is somehow deemed offensively
diverse because it owns Costa
Coffee and Premier Inn, but take a
look at AB Foods’ portfolio: it runs
from sugar production around the
globe to grocery brands such as
Twinings, Ovaltine and Kingsmill
and has spawned the discount
clothing chain Primark.
Outside shareholders should
give thanks for the refusal to bend
to the demand for focus. Primark,
one suspects, wouldn’t be the
same conquering force without AB
Foods’ willingness to experiment
slowly, a quality that may flow
from the 54.5% ownership by
Wittington Investments, itself
controlled by the charitable
Garfield Weston Foundation.
These days Primark contributes
just over half the group’s operating
profits – £341m out of £648m at the
half-year stage.
Primark’s astonishing run hasn’t
stopped the City fretting on two
fronts. First, there is the worry that
the chain’s refusal to sell online
is a historic mistake. Second, is
expansion into the US a step too
far? Amid the general gloominess
about retailers, AB Foods’ share
price had fallen by a fifth in six
months before yesterday’s 4%
bounce. The US concern won’t be
answered quickly since some of the
nine stores in the north-east have
been open for less than a year. The
company admits it is still tweaking
ranges to improve sales densities.
But the news that Primark is looking
to open a store in Florida suggests
something is going right in the US.
As for the supposed threat from
online rivals, it’s hard to spot. Likefor-like sales fell 1.5%, not helped
by cold European weather, but the
UK was up 3%. Between sermons
on the effect on sugar prices of the
end of EU quotas, management
offered a persuasive argument that
pinging promotional videos across
Instagram is a smarter way to drive
Primark sales than shouldering the
distribution costs of an online shop.
The store-only logic probably
only applies at the cut-price end of
the clothing market and, eventually,
even Primark may have to rethink.
But there’s currently no reason to
mess with a formula that, even in
a soft half-year, produced a profit
margin of almost 10%. Most of the
online-only brigade would love that.
Intu uncertainty
Sadly for Intu, the shopping centre
group, there aren’t more Primarks.
If there were, the owner of Lakeside
and Trafford Centre wouldn’t have
felt obliged to make an extended
plea that everything in the world of
malls is lovely, despite the rise of
Amazon and the troubles of the likes
of New Look, Toys R Us and Prezzo.
The point of the breathless
release about “record retail
Global headhunter takes on the
search for Sorrell’s replacement
Mark Sweney
WPP has hired a New York-based
recruitment firm as it begins the global
search to replace its founder and chief
executive, Sir Martin Sorrell.
Russell Reynolds, a top five global
executive search firm, is understood to
be working with Frances Illingworth,
WPP’s global head of recruitment.
Sorrell’s departure from WPP has
prompted the ratings agency Moody’s
to downgrade its outlook for the group,
citing concerns including a breakup,
the loss of clients and WPP’s poor
performance compared with advertising rivals.
The downgrade, from “stable” to
“negative”, came yesterday before a
meeting of WPP’s 11-strong board.
Christian Azzi, Moody’s assistant
vice-president, said that Sorrell’s
departure “raises concerns over the
future strategy and shape of the group,
increases client-retention risk and
could hence hinder WPP’s ability to
meet its 2018 guidance”.
WPP issued a number of warnings about growth last year on its way
to reporting its worst financial year
since 2009. The company has seen its
▲ Moody’s has downgraded WPP
following the departure of Sorrell
demand” and “increased rents” in
its centres, one assumes, was to try
to convince Hammerson not to walk
away from its £3.4bn bid for Intu.
That cause isn’t completely hopeless
since Hammerson’s chairman, David
Tyler, would happily seal the deal
if he had a free hand. He shares the
view that good shopping centres
have a decent future.
The trouble is, Tyler and
Hammerson’s board must know
their adventure is in deep trouble.
The Dutch pension fund group APG
– the second-biggest shareholder
in Hammerson, with a 7% stake – is
opposed to the Intu purchase, and
it won’t be alone. Put simply, many
Hammerson investors think their
own company’s assets, including
Brent Cross and Birmingham’s
Bullring, are superior to Intu’s estate
with its rump of smaller centres.
They can’t see the appeal of diluting
the mix via an all-share takeover.
Tyler and co were right to
reject the under-priced approach
for Hammerson itself from the
French group Klépierre, but their
shareholders’ patience is wearing
thin. If Intu won’t renegotiate terms,
call the whole thing off.
Sorrell’s successor
None of the names being thrown
around as a potential next chief
executive for WPP sounds worth a
bet. Jeremy Darroch of Sky? Why
would he want it? He’s made a
fortune at Sky and untangling Sir
Martin Sorrell’s creation would be
a very different gig. Adam Crozier,
lately of ITV and once of Saatchi
& Saatchi, seems happy on the
non-executive circuit. Andrew
Robertson, chief of advertising
agency BBDO, has been floated,
but importing a long-serving big
name from a direct rival would be
risky at a company with a culture
as distinct as WPP’s. Almost by
default, an internal pick – with
Mark Read, one of the stand-in
chief operating officers, the obvious
name – starts as favourite. But one
suspects shareholders would prefer
an outsider with zero attachment to
WPP’s current structure.
market value slashed by a third over
the last year. It lost almost 7% on Monday alone as jittery investors worried
about its future without its founder
at a time when advertising clients are
cutting back their budgets and reconsidering their spending strategies.
The share price recovered slightly
yesterday, closing up 0.6% at £11.04.
Moody’s said that WPP has been
performing significantly below rivals,
including Omicom, IPG and Publicis.
WPP’s board meeting, the first
not to include Sorrell in years, was
expected to include Mark Read and
Andrew Scott, the senior executives
promoted to run the company during
the search for a new head. They are
considered the two leading internal
Other possible candidates include
the chief executive of the publishing
and exhibitions group Informa, Stephen Carter; Adam Crozier, whose CV
includes running ITV, the Royal Mail,
the Football Association and Saatchi &
Saatchi; Sky’s chief executive, Jeremy
Darroch; and Andrew Robertson, the
chief executive of Omnicom’s global
BBDO advertising network.
Numbers out of this world Netflix shares
hit a new high yesterday, up 9% at $336 in early
trading, after the streaming service behind the
Lost in Space reboot with Molly Parker, above,
reported rising subscriber numbers. Netflix
added nearly 7.5 million subscribers, including
5.46 million outside the US, in the first three
months of 2018, beating analysts’ estimates.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:34 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 16/4/2018 18:33
The Guardian Wednesday 18 April 2018
▼ Pastor Mimi Asher in front of her
Word of Grace Ministries church in
Kennington, south London
Knife crime
Could faith groups help give
young people a fresh start?
A pastor is offering gang
members an alternative
at her church-run project
Rachel Williams
astor Mimi Asher made
a name for herself
bringing gang members
into her home and
steering them away
from a life of violence
on the Myatts Field South estate
in Brixton, south London, in the
late 2000s. Standing now in front
of a nicely manicured expanse of
daffodil-trimmed green space, she
points down the road. Just there,
she says, is where her son’s best
friend was shot. On the Thursday,
he had been in her flat nearby; on the
Friday, he was dead. She recounts
endless days spent trying to stop
dozens of teenagers who had been
attacked from retaliating, and nights
spent waiting to provide a safe
haven as they were chased down
with knives or guns, then tending
to their wounds when blades or
bullets found their target. Three of
the teenagers ended up living with
her. As they chatted, watched TV
and ate home-cooked apple crumble
together, she learned about their
world. And, slowly, she persuaded
them to come into hers, introducing
them to the evangelical church
she founded, the Word of Grace
Ministries, “in the most fun way”,
she points out. No one expected
them to stay, but they did.
Amid the surge in violent crime
in the capital, which has claimed
more than 50 lives so far this year,
Asher believes faith groups are being
under-utilised. “It’s not about the
church and God per se,” she says.
“It’s about helping to give young
men identity, value and something
to believe in. Believing in something
brings accountability.”
The home secretary Amber Rudd
unveiled a serious violence strategy
last week, which includes an £11m
early intervention youth fund for
community projects. “We need to
engage with our young people early
to provide the incentives and a
credible alternative that will prevent
‘It’s not about church
and God per se. It’s
about giving young
men identity, value
and something
to believe in’
them from being drawn into crime,”
she said. “This is the best long-term
But Asher believes that churchrun projects don’t get enough
support, and says funding for their
youth work is often hard to come by.
“There’s a negative feeling about
faith groups,” she says. “But we’re
effective, and, just like youth clubs,
we should be supported to do what
we do best, and not be stereotyped
and pushed aside. We play a very
important role in people’s lives.”
It’s the unconditional love offered
by the church that draws in young
people, Asher says. That includes
those who decide faith is not for
them. The Word of Grace Ministries,
now based in nearby Kennington,
has 300 members aged 15 to 25, but
plenty of young people who don’t
worship there still come to talk to
her. “I strongly believe that religion
should never segregate,” she says.
“I tell my young people that if people
don’t believe in God you can’t force
them. You should care for them
and their needs irrespective of what
they believe.”
The ministry focuses mainly on
troubled boys, and Asher says that
many of her current congregation
were previously mixed up in gangs.
The church runs activities, including
help with CV writing and career
choices, and girls-only and boysonly discussions about issues they
face. “It’s not just about faith, it’s
about developing a young person,”
she says.
Lambeth council is currently
trying to help the church find
a bigger building for its youth work,
to use free of charge. But it gets
no funding for its work which is
delivered purely by volunteers.
Asher describes the capital’s knife
crime problem as “just madness,”
and adds: “I’m upset that the
government allowed it to reach this
scale. It should have been tackled 15
years ago when it all started.”
The situation is worse now than
ever, she thinks, because the children
involved are getting younger and
younger. “You have kids being
groomed from the age of 10.”
Cuts to youth services have had
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:35 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Wednesday 18 April 2018 The Guardian
Sent at 16/4/2018 18:32
a big impact. “There have to be more
resources put into prevention, and
help finding ways to get these young
people out of this situation,” she
says. More funding is needed to try
to work out the problems a child may
be having; for instance undiagnosed
special educational needs that lead
them to struggle in school.
Gwenton Sloley, a former gang
member from Hackney in east
London, who now works to counter
gang violence, also believes faith
groups have a crucial role to play.
But he says many need better
education on the issues involved
if they are to be useful. Last year
the organisation he co-directs,
Crying Son’s training consultancy,
was commissioned by the Home
Office to bring together leaders of
different faith groups for training
on gangs, serious youth violence
and exploitation.
“Most of the killings are of young
black boys,” he says. “A lot of them
have grown up in a Christian-based
faith. If we could do some sort of
intervention and prevention with
them from a [younger] age it would
stop them straying off the path and
ending up in gangs by the time they
are teenagers.”
Sloley links rising gun violence
to so-called “county lines drug
dealing”, where teenagers are
groomed to travel to rural and
seaside towns to sell drugs. Young
people may have had access to guns
before, he says, but ammunition was
scarce; now, earning thousands of
pounds a week, they can afford to
buy the bullets.
Yet when delivering training to
faith groups he has found the issue
to be little understood, and says
leaders need to get out on the street
at a grassroots level.
“The pastors and imams should
be going out and patrolling the areas
where they know these young boys
who are pretending to be gangsters,”
says Sloley. “You can’t just pray
about everything – that’s what’s
happened for far too long. Prayer
is good but having zeal without
knowledge is useless.”
Asher left Myatts Field seven
years ago. Her old house was
bulldozed when the estate was
redeveloped; the living room that
became a youth club would have
been somewhere on that sanitised
green space. But the issues she dealt
with back then, and the fear of being
caught in the crossfire, remain.
“It’s not easy for young people,”
she says. “We don’t want them
to grow up always being on their
guard, not being free. It feels like
they’re out here, but they are in their
own prison.”
Karl Lokko
I am proof that, with the right support, lives can be turned around
hen I was about
informal community rehabilitation
12 years old
hub. During this time I was shot at
I witnessed
outside her house and the bullet
someone being
went through her front door. Yet
shot on the
she continued her offensive against
Myatts Field
what she called our true enemy,
estate where I lived with my family. the ideology of “gangsterism”.
After firing his gun, the shooter ran
Her counselling and Bible-based
towards me and my friends, took
intervention work led me to
off his jumper, put it by one of our
denounce my gang involvement
makeshift goalposts and told us
and turn my life around.
to keep playing. Processing these
A little more than a decade later,
sort of events at such a young age
I volunteer at the youth charity,
was traumatic. Four years on, I was
Youth in Action, which runs
heavily involved in gangs. By the
alongside Pastor Mimi’s church.
age of 16 I had been shot at, cut on
I offer young people the mentoring
the face and stabbed in the chest,
and support that she once offered me.
and one of my best friends had
But gang culture isn’t confined
been killed.
to a few bad estates any more. It’s
I had strayed completely off
epidemic in and around London,
the path my parents had intended
weighing heaviest on those living
for me. Criminal activity was an
everyday thing: I would be armed
on my way to the local chicken
shop with friends. The radical
change in my personal identity
was alarming even to me. I was
extremely fortunate that Pastor
Mimi’s son was a close friend
of mine; we were part of the same
gang. She was desperate for her
son to escape the clutches of
Karl Lokko, a former gang
the gangs. To do so she realised
leader turned community champion
she would have to reach his
friends too. She opened her home,
allowing it to become a sort of
Clare in the community Harry Venning
on council estates. The government
needs to mature in its response
to surges in youth violence. The
textbook approach of increased stop
and search and harsher penalties
will only address the symptoms of
knife crime; it will not solve it. The
reduction in youth services budgets
by £22m across the capital since 2011
has been a huge blow to efforts to
tackle the problem. Gang culture
is a byproduct of the fractures in
society; it’s not created by Instagram
uploads and UK grime rappers.
More support needs to be given
to interventions that have had
some success, helping them to
have an even greater impact. If
Youth in Action had a permanent
base that was fit for purpose, its
robust rehabilitation work could
be extended to more young men
and women in the community. We
could potentially help thousands
rather than a couple of hundred
young people a week.
I am proof that, with the right
support, lives can be turned around.
Fear is what fuels such lifestyles;
feeling displaced and hopeless
causes young men and women to
squander their potential on street
ambitions. Let’s help them help
themselves rather than brand them
feral and unreachable. The hard to
reach are still within our reach.
Interview: Kwame Boateng
‘I don’t want anyone to
ever forget Grenfell Tower’
The aspiring human rights
lawyer hopes the film he has
made about the disaster will
ensure a continued dialogue
Mary O’Hara
e may be only 22
but Kwame Boateng
knows how to make
an impression. Last
weekend the aspiring
human rights lawyer
released a short film, 14.06.17, that
he made with friends in advance
of the first anniversary of the fire
that engulfed Grenfell Tower in
west London in June 2017, killing
71 people and leaving scores more
traumatised and without a home.
Boateng says he was moved to
make the film because there needs
to be “a continued dialogue” about
the disaster. “I don’t want people
to ever forget what happened there.
Because if we forget it will happen
again,” says the Londoner, who
is studying for a master’s degree
in human rights at the London
School of Economics. He says he
was inspired to produce the film
after witnessing the dignity of the
people directly affected, and the
subsequent fight for justice.
“I saw people standing together,
praying together, holding each other,
crying with each other, but still
standing,” he says. “The messages of
hope on the wall, that for me was the
thing that stood out. That was what
struck a chord with me.”
The film, which partially re-enacts
a crime scene investigation at the
site of the fire, is part of a broader
initiative Boateng began working
on just over two years ago. Project
Five Fifths (PFF) was named in
reference to the 1787 United States
constitutional convention where an
agreement was signed designating
slaves as three-fifths of a person
for the purpose of counting the
populations of individual states.
“I’ve taken that concept and I’ve
said that people who are distant
from the rest of us in society today
are also seen as less than human and
are therefore afforded fewer rights,”
says Boateng.
The project attempts to carve out
inclusive spaces for marginalised
voices and for their stories to be
heard, including those of homeless
people, prisoners, refugees and
asylum seekers. Its website explains:
“Project Five Fifths has set out
to use creativity to help people
engage with the lives of people they
typically don’t engage with. It has
been and will always be for the
service of people who are assigned
a lower value in society.”
The site hosts blogs and
video and is a hub for a podcast
collaboration with the homelessness
organisation, Streets Kitchen. Run
by volunteers, including Boateng
– many of whom have experience of
homelessness – the Streets Kitchen
maxim of “Solidarity not charity”
is one Boateng identifies with.
“It’s an amazing organisation. It’s
not a charity; I call it a solidarity
structure, a group of people coming
together in solidarity for a specific
cause to serve a community.”
Grenfell, Boateng says, “was a very
visceral and painful example of what
happens when people are not seen
as human beings”.
While his personal ambition is to
be a barrister specialising in human
rights, on a wider level he is driven
to try to reduce the “distance
between people” and to promote
equality. Boateng’s academic studies
(his first degree was in linguistics,
and his thesis examined how the use
of slang by defendants might affect
jurors) helped shape his approach
to social justice.
A stint at the human rights group
Global Dialogue, followed by an
internship with the human rights
organisation RightsInfo, provided
the framework for his community
work. Watching how RightsInfo
“is putting out positive messages
and trying to change the general
narrative on what human rights are
and what it does for people, that
was really influential”, he says.
It also taught him about what it
takes to run a small organisation
and “fundamentally what it takes
to change perceptions”, he says.
Boateng wants the project to
become self-sustaining with income
from paid-for production work being
reinvested in PFF.
Asked if he worries his fledgling
initiative might not achieve all that
he wants, Boateng is sanguine.
“One of the things I was scared
of, initially, going into Project Five
Fifths was that it’s too big – there
are too many things to look at.
But running it has given me the
confidence to say not only is it OK
for it to be broad, it’s necessary.”
▲ Kwame Boateng says he is driven to
remove the ‘distance between people’
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:36 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 17/4/2018 12:10
The Guardian Wednesday 18 April 2018
The Guardian Jobs
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:37 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 16/4/2018 17:08
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:38 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 17/4/2018 11:32
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:39 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 17/4/2018 11:32
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:40 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 17/4/2018 17:19
The Guardian Wednesday 18 April 2018
Wednesday 18 April 2018
UK and Ireland Noon today
Sunny Mist
Low 11 High 21
A chiffchaff flits in search of insects in the
sheltered wooded enclave, home
to a working paper mill until 1857
Journal Country diary Page 7
Around the UK
Sunny intervals
Lows and highs
Air pollution
22 0%
Mostly cloudy
Sunny showers
Sunny and heavy showers
Low 8 High 17
Light showers
Snow showers
Heavy snow
Thundery rain
Wind speed,
Atlantic front
A warm front
will move north
across Scotland.
Warm front
Occluded front
Jet stream
A large ridge in
the jet stream
will allow warm
air to move
across the UK.
Direction of
jet stream
Around the world
Cold front
1008 L
The Channel Islands
Average speed, 25,000ft
It will be very
warm and dry
across much
of the UK on
Thursday. It will
remain warm
and dry on
Thundery showers
Atlantic Ocean
260 and above
Forecasts and graphics provided by
Accuweather, Inc ©2018
Many of Britain’s ancient woodlands
are being threatened by a loophole in
national planning policy.
Ancient woodlands cover less
than 3% of the UK, and have existed
since 1600 in England and Wales,
and 1750 in Scotland. These are
our richest places for wildlife on
land, home to more threatened
species than any other land habitat,
and once destroyed can never be
replaced. As the Woodland Trust
points out, listed buildings have far
more protection from development.
Under the national planning
policy framework, developers can
destroy ancient trees if they can
show “sufficient need”. This has
allowed developments such as
housing, roads, quarries, fracking,
tourism and railways. The Woodland
Trust has more than 700 cases of
ancient woods under threat, mostly
in England. One development at
Smithy Wood near Sheffield has
proposed a new service station on
the M1, while in Sherwood Forest
permission was granted for seismic
surveying for shale gas.
The government is now in open
consultation until 10 May about
clarifying the planning process.
See the consultation at https://bit.
ly/2Fr9Vvu. Paul Simons
B Aires
Mexico C
N Orleans
Cape Town
New Delhi
New York
Rio de J
H Kong
Tel Aviv
K Lumpur
L Angeles
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:41 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 17/4/2018 17:34
Wednesday 18 April 2018 The Guardian
Horse racing
Cue Card heads
for retirement
Why error-prone
Hart remains in
World Cup frame
Page 42 Page 49 41
Sam Billings
(left) and Jos
Buttler are
playing for
Chennai Super
Kings and Royal
respectively in
this year’s IPL
likely stop fully during this time. Back in 2008 the PCA
chief executive, Sean Morris, warned the England and
Wales Cricket Board it risked becoming King Canute
in denying its players the chance to join in. Four years
later, one of the few to wriggle free, Kevin Pietersen, was
bemoaning “jealousy” of the IPL back home and that
“second-rate Australians” were taking the spots of his
more talented team-mates.
Now, however, through a change in ECB policy and
greater on-field enlightenment among the current crop
of white-ball thrusters, English players are in demand
– and in some cases, earning serious cash. Buttler plays
at Rajasthan Royals alongside Ben Stokes, the Royal
Challengers Bangalore have Chris Woakes and Moeen Ali,
Alex Hales and Chris Jordan are at Sunrisers Hyderabad,
Mark Wood, David Willey and Sam Billings are Chennai
Super Kings while Tom Curran is on his tod with Kolkata
Knight Riders. Jason Roy and Liam Plunkett make up the
contingent at Delhi Daredevils.
White-ball heat
England’s IPL
dozen earning and
learning on cricket’s
glitziest stage
Ali Martin
don’t think it will ever be straightforward.
It’s down to you as a player to be very
honest with yourself and if you want to be
a part of it, accept the fact that some people
won’t have the same opinion. Everyone
is different but that is why the world is so
good and why life is so interesting.”
The “it” in question, if you haven’t
guessed already, is the Indian Premier League and the
words are spoken by a philosophical Jos Buttler during a
catch-up in Bengaluru over the weekend. England’s oneday wicketkeeper speaks of retaining ambition for a Test
match return but at the start of the county season, there
is only one place he truly wants to be.
Buttler always seems to be fielding such questions
these days. A unique ball-striking talent, many still wish
to see him in the whites of his country. But with cricket’s
tectonic plates having shifted so much in the last decade,
and administrators yet to solve the scheduling Rubik’s
Cube, only occasionally can he hop back over to the redball landmass to push his claims with Lancashire.
Instead, right now he is one of a record 12 English
players at this year’s IPL, the powerhouse domestic
tournament in which the country’s hulking great cricket
grounds morph into thorax-thumping subwoofers and
the world’s best Twenty20 players (bar those from the
world’s No 1 side, Pakistan, it must be noted) duke it out
for their adopted franchises over seven weeks.
In its 11th season, the IPL’s tractor beam is stronger
than ever too with a record £1.8bn broadcast deal over
the next five editions seeing each team’s squad budget
swell by 20 % to £8.5m. Audiences have hit record highs
and over the coming years international cricket will
nly Australia, with 13 players present,
is better represented in terms of
overseas berths but unlike their
longstanding rival, England’s dozen
have been snapped up without a
single coach from their country in
place. On paper this could be viewed
as a source of national pride however,
given the tournament’s direct clash with the start of the
spring-to-autumn county cricket season, they must still
contend with disapproval from some quarters.
Some of this will doubtless stem from the fact that
five of the above are yet to get a game. Moeen is among
them, a player whom Worcestershire would love to
have as they start life back in Division One, and whose
recent demotion from the Test side is unlikely to be brief
while he remains sat in the RCB dugout. His team-mate
Woakes, similarly left out of England’s last Test, has been
used in Bangalore’s four overseas slots to date but if he is
recalled early, before the series with Pakistan, it will be in
expectation rather than recent red-ball form.
To say that he or others will benefit only financially
from the experience would be wrong, however. Where
once the IPL went on reputation and brand-value
above specific Twenty20 skills – leaving the quality
questionable at times – the analysis that goes into each
team’s pick is now deep.
On Friday Virat Kohli was left with
look of a man flummoxed by a
street magician when Mujeeb Zadran,
says he is
an exciting 17-year-old Afghani
tapping into mystery spinner, lit up the bails when
a googly through his gate. But
the cricket teasing
Umesh Yadav had earlier sent down a
fearsome spell to remove three Kings
brain of
XI batsmen, including Aaron Finch
and Yuvraj Singh, to set up the lowWarne,
scoring home victory via the blade of
AB de Villiers.
his team
Sunday saw a run-fest unfold, with
Kohli’s fastest IPL half-century – a
26-ball masterclass of pure cricket
at every
shots – unable to undo the earlier
opportunity damage inflicted by Sanju Samson’s
unbeaten 45-ball 92. English interest
briefly peaked in a mini-duel between Buttler and
Woakes, which saw the former heave a slower ball into
the stands but the latter win out when a fast, low full toss
was thumped to mid-off.
The English players are also enthusing about the
knowledge they are soaking up off the field too. Buttler
says he is tapping into the cricket brain of Shane Warne,
his team mentor, at every opportunity given it is “on a
different level”, while Woakes has had his mind blown
by RCB’s number two batting coach, Trent Woodhill, as
regards a new approach to power-hitting.
And what are the bowlers learning? To mildly censor
the answer offered by one such weary protagonist, in
Twenty20 you’re either a king or a Canute. Whether you
like it or not, English cricket is no longer the latter when
it comes to the IPL.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:42 Edition Date:180418 Edition:03 Zone:
Sent at 17/4/2018 23:51
The Guardian Wednesday 18 April 2018
▼ Steve Smith apologises
in the company of his father
Why Cue Card became
the sport’s biggest draw
The retirement of the horse
that became the most
popular in training feels like
the end of a jumping era
Greg Wood
Australia’s banned
trio have suffered
enough – Di Venuto
Adam Collins
Surrey’s head coach, Michael Di
Venuto, has furiously defended the
three Australian players who were
banned for ball tampering last month,
saying they were “treated as criminals” in the fallout from the scandal.
Di Venuto, a former one-day international batsman who was Australia’s
batting coach for three years until 2016,
also launched a strident defence of the
changing-room culture in the Australia
team. The 44-year-old urged that the
investigation into culture and conduct begins “at the top” with Cricket
Australia management rather than the
players, defending the environment
fostered by Darren Lehmann, who
stepped down as Australia’s coach in
the aftermath.
“I didn’t think there was any cultural
issues during my involvement with
the Australian team,” Di Venuto said.
“I love the culture [Lehmann] created
and the players loved the environment
as well. Obviously, with the events that
have happened recently, all of a sudden people are blaming culture and
things like that. Take it back a couple of
months, when we won the Ashes, there
wasn’t too many people complaining.”
Noting the close relationships he
built with Steve Smith and David
Warner during his time on the staff,
Di Venuto described the decision
made by the former team leaders and
Cameron Bancroft to scuff the ball
with sandpaper as “pretty dumb” but
argued that the response has been
“There has been a real assassination of their characters,” he said. “They
are good people who have made mistakes. They are quality people who I
have spent a lot of time with. It was
tough to watch and see them treated
as criminals for something that goes
on in sport.”
Di Venuto believes that having
accepted their international bans, the
players have “suffered enough” and
should be able to “get on with their
lives”. In turn he has opened the door
National selector Smith
Ed Smith is to take over as the
national selector for England
cricket, according to the Times.
The former Kent, Middlesex and
England batsman, a commentator
on Test Match Special, will replace
James Whitaker. Angus Fraser and
Mick Newell, the other selectors,
are also expected to leave.
Whitaker stepped down last month
after Andrew Strauss, the director
of England cricket, decided to
revamp the selection process. He
will introduce a network of scouts
who will report to Smith and a new
full-time independent selector,
to be appointed by Smith. Trevor
Bayliss, the head coach, stays as
the third member of the panel.
to Smith and Warner at Surrey should
the ECB allow them to play domestic
cricket this summer. “It is probably
important that they play a bit of cricket
at some stage,” he said. “If they are in
the right mental state to play cricket,
and the ECB will have to allow it to start
with, then we’d be mad not to look at
some of the world’s best players potentially playing.”
Elaborating on his response to
the review that Cricket Australia
announced into the men’s team following the fiasco in Cape Town, Di
Venuto made it clear that he would
like the scrutiny to start further up
the line. “It will be interesting to see
what comes out of this culture stuff,”
he added. “Hopefully they start from
the top and work their way down to
the team.”
When asked about the influence of
the Cricket Australia organisation on
the team’s hyper-aggressive disposition during the Ashes series, Di Venuto
repeated that position. “You can’t lose
to England,” he said. “That’s built up.
When it does happen, and it is no different to what happens in this country
when England lose to Australia, all hell
breaks loose.”
Of the situation during the third Test
against South Africa, he said: “When
you are in a different country and copping from all angles, you don’t know
what sort of state the players were in to
make that sort of decision. And the will
to win. The Australian cricket team
just wins. It’s not allowed to lose.”
Despite Australia’s coaching job
still being vacant, Di Venuto said he
is yet to consider it given he is halfway
through a four-year deal with Surrey,
but as a self-described career coach,
he stopped short of ruling it out. “You
never say never [but] I am really happy
doing what I am doing,” he said. “As
you’ve seen, you take on that [international] role and you are away for 11
months a year, you are on the road. It
is hard work.” In the current climate it
is perhaps harder than ever.
Ali Martin Page 41 hen Cue Card
landed the
Bumper at the
Festival in
March 2010, the golden seasons
among staying chasers that had
been dominated by Kauto Star and
Denman were beginning to draw to
a close.
Following on from two of jump
racing’s all-time greats was always
going to be a difficult role to execute,
but Cue Card did so with a flourish.
He was, by some way, the most
popular chaser of recent seasons,
as well as being one of the most
talented and durable, and the only
disappointment following the news
of his well-earned retirement was
that Colin Tizzard’s 12-year-old
would not get a chance to remove
the concluding “P” (for pulled-up)
from his form figures after his
disappointing run in the Gold Cup at
Cheltenham last month.
Cue Card will still be at Sandown
on Saturday week on the final day
of the jumps season, when he will
parade rather than line up one last
time in the Oaksey Chase.
“He wasn’t working quite as well
as he can and we didn’t want to take
him to Sandown if we weren’t 100%
happy with him,” Joe Tizzard, the
trainer’s son and also Cue Card’s
jockey during the first four years
of his career, said yesterday. “We
will still take him to Sandown, to
celebrate a great career. He has been
an incredible horse for us and now
he can look forward to a new chapter
in his life.”
Cue Card retires with nine Grade
One wins on his record, stretching
from his Bumper win at Cheltenham
at odds of 40-1 to the Betfair Ascot
Chase in February 2017. But it
was not so much his record as the
way he went about compiling it
that endeared him so thoroughly
to racing fans. Cue Card loved to
bowl along towards the head of the
field, where his usually impeccable
Greg Wood’s tips
Newmarket 1.50 Aeolus 2.25 Snazzy Jazzy
3.00 Deauville 3.35 Altyn Orda (nap) 4.10 Hard
Forest 4.45 Qazyna 5.20 Sea Of Class 5.55 Old
Cheltenham 2.05 Silver Kayf 2.40 Shantou
Village 3.15 Diable De Sivola 3.50 Baden 4.25
Buckle Street 5.00 Lovely Job 5.30 Capitaine
Kempton 5.45 Arthur’s Spirit 6.15
Reverberation 6.45 Bird For Life (nb) 7.15
Il Primo Sole 7.45 Barton Mills 8.15 Sayesse
8.45 Soghan 9.15 Ubla
jumping would force his opponents
to match him, or risk giving up
ground that could prove essential in
the closing stages.
Cue Card had the bounce-back
factor too, after a fallow period
for much of 2014 and 2015 that
followed a pelvic injury and then
a wind operation. And at a time
when National Hunt racing was
increasingly becoming dominated
by multimillionaires with many
dozens of horses, Jean Bishop and
her late husband Bob, who died just
days after Cue Card’s memorable
defeat of Vautour in the 2015 King
George VI Chase at Kempton, were a
throwback to a time when winning
was not everything.
Cue Card’s first win in the Betfair
Chase at Haydock, in 2013, summed
up his appeal. He was sent off at 9-1
to beat an outstanding field that
included previous Grade One chase
winners in Silviniaco Conti, Long
Run and Bobs Worth, but Tizzard
and Cue Card were undaunted
and took the race to their rivals in
familiar style. Cue Card had the race
won two out, and stayed on strongly
to win in thrilling fashion by nearly
five lengths.
Cue Card’s last win came in that
Ascot Chase, though a close second
place in the same race this year
offered hope that he might yet claim
a Gold Cup at Cheltenham. It was not
to be and he was pulled up before the
12th, but Cue Card may still receive a
warmer reception than some of the
winners at Sandown next week.
“I think his longevity made him
stand out,” Bishop said. “Even after
his fall [in 2016], he went back to win
at Aintree. For a few seasons he was
the highest-rated chaser in Britain.
Look how hard it is for Gold Cup
winners to come back the following
season. He might not have won the
Gold Cup but he kept coming back.”
Cue Card
was retired
yesterday after
disappointing on
the home gallops
but will parade
at Sandown on
Saturday week
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:43 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 17/4/2018 19:52
Wednesday 18 April 2018 The Guardian
Farah ready to take on London’s best
despite marathon struggles of 2014
Sean Ingle
Mo Farah believes he can compete
with the very best during Sunday’s
London Marathon despite failing
to deliver during his first attempt at
26.2 miles in 2014.
The 35-year-old dramatically hit the
wall in London four years ago, gritting
his teeth as early as the 17-mile marker
before finishing eighth in a modest 2hr
8min 21sec. This time, however, Farah
intends to stay with a stellar field, even
if they start at world record pace, and
says he is targeting Steve Jones’s
33-year-old British record of 2:07:13,
as well as Sondre Nordstad Moen’s
European best of 2:05:48.
“ This is the biggest race,” said
Farah. “And there is only one way to
run it – mixing with the guys and seeing what I can do. But it’s an amazing
field. It’s got Eliud Kipchoge, who has
run two hours, Kenenisa Bekele, who
has run 2:03 and Daniel Wanjuri, who
won last year.”
Farah, who has spent the past three
months in Ethiopia, says he feels revitalised and relaxed under his new
coach, Gary Lough, and, surprisingly,
believes he has the ability to run 2:03 –
not far off the world record of 2:02:57
– once he has adapted to the uniquely
punishing demands of the marathon.
“I think I am capable of running 2:04
or 2:03 in the right race with the right
pace,” he added. “But Sunday’s race is
going to be different. There are many,
‘This is the biggest
race and there
is only one way
to run it’
Mo Farah
many guys who are there to fight, so
it’s going to be a difficult race.”
When asked whether he would be
prepared to go at world record pace on
Sunday, despite the high temperatures
forecast, he nodded. “If that is what
the guys are doing, why not?”
Certainly Farah appeared more
relaxed than last year where barely
a press conference went by without
him having to fend off questions about
his former coach Alberto Salazar, who
is still under investigation by the US
Anti-Doping Agency.
Farah still faced them yesterday
– insisting that he had not spoken
directly to Salazar about running
London or to the Nike Oregon Project coach David McHenry since last
October – but no longer did he appear
burdened by the association or the
pressure of having to deliver gold medals over 5,000m and 10,000m.
“On the track people expect you
to win but now there are a lot of guys
who can run a lot faster than me,” he
said. “It’s a good feeling. I have found
a new challenge and this is something
I always wanted to do.”
Farah explained that much of his
confidence came from working with
Lough, who had focused on his weaknesses and freshened up his training
by running intervals with shorter rest
periods. “There are things he has given
me that I have not done before, so I am
getting better at getting stronger,” said
Farah. “Gary is a genius and I believe
in him.”
Organisers say they are monitoring
the weather forecast – temperatures
are projected to be 21C on Sunday –
with the race director, Hugh Brasher,
warning amateur runners they need
to “listen to their body” and “change
their plan” because of the heat.
It is understood that extra water will
be provided and over 1,000 medical
staff will be on hand. But Farah insists
he is not worried about running in the
heat, despite seeing his fellow British
athlete Callum Hawkins collapse during the final stages of the Commonwealth Games marathon.
“I was obviously devastated seeing
that,” said Farah. “Callum is a great
fighter – he will go as hard as he can.
But Sunday will be completely different. Hugh has told us there will be
enough staff and doctors on hand.”
In brief
Rugby union
Jones’s hecklers issued
court summons
Four men have been summonsed
to appear in court after the England
rugby coach, Eddie Jones, was
subject to a barrage of foul-mouthed
abuse at Manchester’s Oxford Road
station on 25 February. Footage
released online showed a group
of men taunting Jones about
Scotland’s Calcutta Cup win over
England the previous day. British
Transport Police said four men
had been summonsed to appear at
Manchester and Salford magistrates’
court on 16 May for an alleged public
order offence. PA
Ukad to use sniffer dogs
in fight against doping
Edmund falls flat in Monte Carlo
after his big week in Marrakesh
Kyle Edmund suffered his second
defeat in three days when losing to
Italy’s Andreas Seppi in the first round
of the Monte Carlo Masters.
The British No 1 reached a careerhigh world ranking of 23rd after making
his first ATP Tour final in Marrakesh
on Sunday, though it ended on a sour
note when he was well beaten by Pablo
He seemed to carry that disappointment and no doubt a little weariness
into the first set against Seppi and
trailed 5-1 after a lacklustre start. He
rallied at the end of the set and made
his sixth break point of the second set
count to force a decider but Seppi, who
was one of the Yorkshireman’s victims
during his run to the Australian Open
semi-finals, won 6-3, 5-7, 6-2.
The No 5 seed, Dominic Thiem,
fought back to beat Russia’s Andrey
Rublev 5-7, 7-5, 7-5. The Austrian, who
was making his return after a five-week
absence with an ankle injury, saved a
match point in the second set before
reaching the third round in two hours
40 minutes. The Bulgarian No 4 seed,
Grigor Dimitrov, beat Pierre-Hugues
Herbert of France 3-6, 6-2, 6-4, while
Italy’s Fabio Fognini defeated Ilya
Ivashka of Belarus 6-4, 7-5.
Jared Donaldson, meanwhile, has
been fined €5,000 (£4,312.98) for
unsportsmanlike conduct after angrily
ranting at the chair umpire during his
first-round defeat by Albert RamosViñolas. The American became irate
▲ Kyle Edmund stretches for a return
during his defeat by Andreas Seppi
with a call when Ramos-Viñolas was
serving at 3-2, 40-0 in the second set
on Monday.
Donaldson thought the serve was
out and pointed to the ground, shouting, “There’s a mark right here.” Subsequently the world No 51 screamed the
same words in the face of the French
umpire Arnaud Gabas.
He then squared up to Gabas
and shouted, “Yes it is, yeah it is,”
as he insisted his mark was right
and the umpire’s call of in was
incorrect. Agencies
Sniffer dogs have been added to UK
Anti-Doping’s arsenal in the fight
against drugs cheats, the agency
has announced. Ukad was given an
additional £6.1m by the government
in January, boosting its annual
budget to £11m. “We are looking
at innovative disruptive activities
that could range from somebody
in a Ukad jacket at an event, as an
obvious deterrent, to using sniffer
dogs to detect money or doping
products,” said the Ukad chair,
Trevor Pearce. PA
▲ Eddie Jones was verbally abused
at a railway station in Manchester
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:44 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 17/4/2018 19:38
The Guardian Wednesday 18 April 2018
Rugby union
‘Coping in a
I don’t know
anything else’
Former Ireland captain
turned referee Joy Neville
has had a stunning rise,
culminating in beating the
men to win the World Rugby
Referee of the Year Award
Anna Kessel
oy Neville never wanted
to be a referee. The former
Ireland rugby captain had
only just retired – euphoric
after winning the Six
Nations in 2013 – and was
planning some quality time with
her family when the IRFU’s referee
development manager, David
McHugh, called and asked if she
would consider a career change.
“Absolutely not,” came her reply,
“I thought it was a thankless job.”
But McHugh would not let it go. So
Neville picked up the phone to one
of the most senior and respected
men she knew in rugby union and
asked him if he thought a woman
could ever referee the top men’s
division in Ireland. He said: “Joy,
not in my lifetime.” “So I called
Dave back and said: ‘Right, I’m in,’”
chuckles the 34-year-old.
Not only did Neville successfully
go on to referee in Division 1A of
the Ulster Bank League but over
the past five years she has set
multiple milestones, culminating
in a remarkable 12 months in
which she has become the first
woman to officiate a Pro 14 match,
the first woman to officiate in the
Challenge Cup, and along with
Spain’s Alhambra Nievas, one of
the first women to officiate a men’s
international match when she took
charge of Norway v Denmark. In
what marks a remarkable trajectory
for the once reluctant official,
Neville was also named the Referee
of the Year in November 2017,
following her performance in the
women’s World Cup final.
After that the tributes poured
in, including Ireland’s president
sending a congratulatory tweet. “I
did not fully comprehend what a
big deal [the award] was,” she says
now, “probably down to naivety. I
was told [the result] beforehand but
I actually thought there were two
categories: male and female. I didn’t
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:45 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Wednesday 18 April 2018 The Guardian
Sent at 17/4/2018 19:38
know it was for the overall category
until I went up to receive it. I was
blown away. The last year has been
amazing.” To top it off, on Sunday
Neville received yet another gong at
Ireland’s prestigious Person of the
Year awards.
Along the way she has developed
a thick skin and a wicked sense
of humour. When, early on, a
groundsman asked her if a female
could really be a referee, she grabbed
both boobs, grinned and quipped:
“Yep, last time I checked.”
“It’s funny because people say
how are you coping in a maledominated world? But I don’t know
anything else.” Growing up in
Limerick, with four rugby-playing
older brothers, Neville frequently
clashed heads in the back garden.
When she was eight she broke
her nose so badly she could see it
through her right eye. “To this day
I can’t breathe properly. I have so
much trouble with my sinuses, my
wife’s always telling me to get it
fixed.” During a kickaround in the
local park, she went to save a ball
and dislocated her thumb. “My
brother Gary popped it back in but I
still can’t hold a pint.”
Back then there was little rugby
provision for girls. So Neville started
in earnest, aged 17, following a
chance meeting with the former
Ireland international Jackie
McCarthy at the local leisure centre.
“Eight months later I was in the
Munster squad.” It was her brother
Dave (the one who broke her nose)
who predicted she would captain
her country – after he had taught her
how to tackle. “He took me down
to the park and a couple of hours
later the two of us could barely walk
home. A few months after that I got
selected for Ireland.”
Not yet under the IRFU, women’s
rugby was hugely under-resourced
at the time and Ireland regularly
lost by big margins to England and
France. “It was tough, we slept on
each others’ floors, we chipped in
for lunches.” The 2012 Six Nations
provided a watershed moment. As
the squad travelled to France they
were forced to take an overnight
train in an horrendous 17-hour
journey, arriving in Pau on the
morning of the match. Ireland
lost by a point, and the IRFU were
roundly criticised. The following
year, bolstered by new resources,
Ireland won the Grand Slam.
Neville says to this day she does
not know what McHugh saw in
her. Perhaps it was her ability to
outwit the referee. The former
Ireland captain and friend Fiona
Coghlan still ribs her about the
time the analyst Dave McBrien
came into their dressing room and
highlighted Neville’s illegal moves.
“My name kept cropping up,” says
Neville, laughing. “It’s a running
joke between Fiona and I. I knew
how to get away with things. It’s
part and parcel of 11 years on the
international stage.”
ut for the poacher
turned gamekeeper,
that experience is
proving a distinct
advantage. “Oh I’ve
had conversations
with players, like: ‘I love your style
… except I know exactly what
you’re doing. Don’t do it again.’
I think they admire the humour.
Having been a player myself I have
an understanding of what they’re
trying to achieve and my approach
is probably softer than most
Starting out, however, was a
disaster. She was going into each
‘At first I probably
had a barrier up
because I was very
concerned how the
players saw me’
Joy Neville
became the
first woman to
referee in one
of the leading
European club
last December
Cornwall stadium gets boost
with £3m of council funding
Paul Rees
game expecting to be as polished in
officiating as she was in playing. She
was also painfully conscious of her
gender. “At first I was very stern. I
probably had a barrier up because
I was very concerned that being a
female would impact on how the
players saw me – bearing in mind
most of them would never have
had a female refereeing them. I was
worried that if I went in too soft they
would take advantage. But when I
reflected I thought to myself: ‘Joy
what are you doing? When you were
a player how would you like to have
been treated?’ And so that’s how
I approached it after that, and it’s
been way more successful. Once you
have players on your side it makes
your job a lot easier.”
“As a player I remember saying to
referees: ‘You missed that call’ and
they’d say: ‘No I didn’t’ and I really
didn’t respect them. You could tell
by their body language they knew
they’d got it wrong. I brought that
into my game. A player said to me:
‘Ah ref you missed that,’ and at the
next break in play I said: ‘You know
what? You’re dead right, I’m really
sorry lads.’ They said: ‘It’s fine.’ They
respect it if you put your hand up
and admit you’ve got something
It was her wife, Simona, who
convinced Neville to stick with
refereeing. The two were married
in 2015, weeks after Ireland voted
in favour of same-sex marriage.
“Compared to other countries
around the world we’ve come an
awful long way and what I’m really
happy about, everything I’ve done,
the main topic has been me being a
female in a male-dominated world
and there’s been no talk about
“the lesbian female”. I’m really,
really proud of that because I think
sexuality doesn’t define who you
are. That’s a mark of where we are in
Neville will oversee the women’s
World Rugby Women’s Sevens
Series in Japan this weekend but her
long-term goal is to run the line at
the men’s Six Nations. “I assisted in
the international tier one matches
so that shows I’m in the sight of the
selectors, so it’s about maintaining
high standard performances. If it
happens it would be an amazing
thing to achieve, and if it doesn’t,
well, it wasn’t meant to be and I’ve
done so much already I’m very lucky
and thankful.”
A new stadium for Cornish Pirates
rugby club is a significant step closer
to being constructed after Cornwall
council agreed yesterday to pay £3m
towards the £14.3m project.
Another £3m still needs to be raised,
with pressure being put on the government to honour a commitment made
by David Cameron, when he was prime
minister, to make up any shortfall.
Planning permission has already
been granted for the 6,000-capacity Stadium for Cornwall complex in
Threemilestone near Truro, which will
be used by Cornish Pirates, Truro City
FC and Truro and Penwith college. The
site will house a health club and have
conference facilities. The aim is to
have it built before the 2019-20 rugby
and football seasons.
Yesterday’s vote on funding was
not overwhelming – 69-41 with eight
abstentions – reflecting an issue that
has divided opinion. Those who
opposed the plan questioned not only
the significant investment of public
money but whether the stadium
would prove a drain on resources. “I
am relieved and elated,” said Paul Durkin, the chairman of Cornish Pirates.
“It has been a long haul but we got our
message across that this was a stadium
for Cornwall, not just the partners.”
The council was approached at
Leinster test
holds no fear
for Scarlets,
says Pivac
Robert Kitson
Scarlets’ head coach, Wayne Pivac,
says the prospect of facing Leinster
in Dublin holds no fears for his players
and has questioned whether the Irish
province will derive any huge benefit
from the choice of the less-thanneutral Aviva Stadium as the venue
for Saturday’s European Champions
Cup semi-final.
The Welsh region secured last season’s Pro12 title in Dublin and will be
roared on by up to 5,000 travelling
Scarlets fans as they seek to reach the
final of Europe’s elite tournament for
the first time.
“I don’t know if it will be the caul-
▲ Wayne Pivac: ‘Scarlets are 80
minutes away from creating history’
the start of the year after the partners found themselves £6m short of
the money needed. A local MP, Derek
Thomas, is meeting government officials today to persuade them to honour Cameron’s promise. “The council’s
decision makes it much easier for us to
make the case for government funding
to make up the shortfall,” said Thomas.
Bristol’s plan to rebrand the club to
mark their return to the Premiership,
meanwhile, led to them being them
mocked on social media. As part of
a bid to attract a global audience the
team will be known as Bristol Bears.
But fans who clicked on the website
after hearing the news were directed
to a page run by a gay club in the city,
the Bristol Bear, based in Old Market.
“It’s hilarious,” said one member.
“I have been checking out the rugby
website and I am sure the players will
be welcomed in Old Market.” Bristol
said they were aware of the club before
rebranding and anticipated a happy
‘It’s now easier to
make the case for
ministers to make
up the shortfall’
Derek Thomas
MP, St Ives
dron that some people think,” said
Pivac. “It is a venue where we played in
the final last year and we really enjoyed
it. There will be plenty of support for
the locals I am sure – they won’t have
too far to travel – but one Scarlets supporter probably makes up for 10 of the
“We have a lot of players who have
played at international level and for
us it is an opportunity: 80 minutes
away from creating history, being in
our first grand final. That’s the way
we are approaching it. It is for other
people to decide what is neutral and
what is not.”
Of greater concern for the Scarlets
coaches is how to stop Leinster’s flyhalf Johnny Sexton, who has already
helped steer Ireland to a Six Nations
grand slam this year. Pivac would prefer Sexton to be a non-starter but is
hopeful the visitors will find a way to
cramp his style.
“Hopefully he gets the flu or something between now and then … he’s
quality, isn’t he?” said Pivac. “It is no
secret that all teams will try and put
some pressure on and bring some linespeed. But he is just one player … if
you focus on one player it can free up
space for others.”
A fine weather forecast, however,
should suit the Scarlets’ offloading
style and Pivac says Leinster should
be wary. “Most people would have
them as favourites, rightly so because
of their form in the competition,” he
added. “We’re going to have to be up
for this game both mentally and physically. It’s going to be a huge challenge
so we have to be prepared and ready
to go into those trenches.”
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:46 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 17/4/2018 19:10
The Guardian Wednesday 18 April 2018
Will Wolves
link with
Mendes get
Santo fails
to stay
Nuno Espírito
Santo and
his Wolves
to the
Promotion puts Portuguese
agent’s Molineux relationship
under renewed scrutiny
David Conn
Wolves will have to satisfy the Premier
League that their relationship with
Jorge Mendes does not break league
or FA rules, following a promotion
secured with a manager and key players connected to the super agent.
The club’s ownership structure and
details of Mendes’s influence must be
fully disclosed during the regulatory
process, which will begin shortly, of
accepting Wolves into the top flight.
The FA rules on clubs’ relationships
with agents, now called “intermediaries”, aimed at guarding against conflicts of interest, prohibit owners also
owning a stake or having an interest in
an agency. Similarly agents are prohibited from having “a material influence”
over the affairs of a club.
Jorge Mendes is not
declared as the agent of
Rúben Neves, who joined
from Porto last summer for
a Championship record fee
Last summer Wolves confirmed that
the club’s owner since July 2016, the
Chinese conglomerate Fosun, does
own a stake in Mendes’s company,
Gestifute. “Fosun have a percentage
stake in the Gestifute company headed
up by Jorge Mendes,” the club said.
That would appear to put Wolves in
breach of the FA’s regulation, which
states that: “[An] entity with an
interest in a club shall not have any
interest in the business or affairs of
an intermediary or an intermediary’s
The same rule prohibits an agent
from having an interest in a club and
defines “interest” as owning a 5% stake
or more, or “being in a position or having any association that may enable
the exercise of a material, financial,
commercial, administrative, managerial or any other influence over the
affairs of the club whether directly or
indirectly and whether formally or
Having acquired the stake in
Mendes’s agency in January 2016, the
Chinese owner “canvassed advice”
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:47 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Wednesday 18 April 2018 The Guardian
Sent at 17/4/2018 19:10
from Mendes before buying Wolves
six months later, the club’s managing director, Laurie Dalrymple,
said on Sky TV this week. Since the
takeover Mendes has been involved
in recruitment as the manager of his
longstanding client Nuno Espírito
Santo and Portuguese players who
have transformed the quality of the
Wolves squad.
Wolves’ ownership structure and
Mendes’s activities on behalf of the
club and its owner have been approved
for two years since the takeover by
the FA and EFL. Neither body has
explained how Wolves’ arrangements
comply with the rules but informed
sources said the FA and EFL have been
satisfied because the shareholding in
Gestifute, reported to be 20%, is not
directly owned by Fosun.
Public disclosures have stated the
stake is owned by Shanghai Foyo, a
company majority owned by the Fosun
chairman, Guo Guangchang. Gestifute
and Shanghai Foyo have since January
2016 been involved in a joint agency
and marketing venture in Chinese
‘They’re using weapons
instead of their brains’
Newport’s Frank Nouble
knows at first hand the
terrible cost of violence
on the streets of London
Ed Aarons
▲ Jorge Mendes at Molinuex where he is said to be ‘a close friend and adviser’ to
the Wolves chairman, Jeff Shi MALCOLM COUZENS/GETTY IMAGES
football; the launch in Shanghai was
attended by Mendes and officials from
Benfica and Monaco, where Mendes
has been highly influential.
The EFL has said it believes the rules
have been complied with after Wolves
gave undertakings and put “appropriate arrangements in place” following
Fosun’s takeover from Steve Morgan
in July 2016.
Wolves are compiling a further written explanation of Mendes’s position
for the EFL, following complaints last
month by the Leeds owner, Andrea
Radrizzani. He tweeted during Leeds’
3-0 defeat by Wolves: “Not legal and
fair to let one team owned by a fund
who has shares in the biggest players’
agency with evident benefits (top
European clubs giving players with
options to buy) … why the other 23
teams can’t have the same treatment?”
Radrizzani followed that with a letter to the FA, EFL and Premier League
seeking clarification of Wolves’ relationship with Mendes. He told the
BBC that when he was preparing to
buy Leeds last year, he sold his shares
in an agency, on advice from his lawyer: “I did because obviously there is
a conflict of interest and I always pay
attention to staying within the rules.”
Dalrymple confirmed this week that
Mendes “has advised us on players we
have taken but equally he has advised
us on players we have not continued to
take” and that: “There are some players that are connected with him who
have come in and done a really good
job for us.”
Despite that acknowledgment,
and widespread reporting that the
standout signing from Porto, Rúben
Neves, and other Portuguese recruits,
are Mendes clients, neither Mendes
nor Gestifute is declared as any of
the players’ agents on the FA’s record
of Wolves’ signings published this
Neves signed for Wolves for £15.8m
in the summer; his agent, recorded in
the FA’s document based on filings
by Wolves, was another Portuguese
‘Neither the FA
nor the EFL has
explained how
Wolves comply
with the rules ’
▲ Diogo Jota is represented by a
Spanish agent, according to the FA
intermediary, Jorge Pires Serralheiro.
The same agent acted for other young
Portuguese players signed by Wolves
who are commonly cited as Mendes
clients: Pedro Gonçalves, Rúben
Vinagre and Boubacar Hanne. The
midfielder Diogo Jota, 21, who has
excelled on loan from Atlético Madrid,
was represented by a Spanish agent,
Carlos Bucero Gómez, according to the
FA’s document.
Gestifute appears only once as
an agent in the signings Wolves are
recorded to have made last summer:
another Gestifute director, Andy
Quinn, an accountant based in Dublin, is stated to have acted for Wolves
when Jota was signed.
Those signings followed the
acquisitions the previous year of
other Portuguese players, including
Hélder Costa, Ivan Cavaleiro and João
Teixeira, who were represented by a
lawyer, Carlos Osório de Castro, or an
agent, Valdir Cardoso, understood to
do work for Gestifute.
A Wolves spokesman said neither
Serralheiro nor Bucero was associated
with Mendes or Gestifute. The club has
consistently played down Mendes’s
influence. Dalrymple, despite confirming the signing of players “connected” to Mendes, described him
again this week as an adviser and close
friend to the chairman, Jeff Shi, who
“can use him as a sounding board”.
Wolves are “still completely
comfortable with their position,”
Dalrymple said, and will provide
the same information to the Premier
League as they have given to the EFL
and FA.
“We don’t believe, and I don’t
believe the authorities believe, that
we’ve stepped outside the rules,” he
he last time I saw
Rio was a few
weeks before in the
summer when I
went to play at the
Damilola Taylor
centre in Peckham,” Frank Nouble
says. “Everyone who we used to
play with was there – John Bostock,
Mustapha Carayol, Daniel Johnson
and a few others who went on to
make it as pros. He came over before
the game and gave me a Ribena
because that’s the type of person he
was. A couple of days later, I heard
what had happened.”
Nearly eight years after the
promising young striker Rio
McFarlane was killed after being
caught in the crossfire between two
feuding gangs in south London,
the latest outbreak of violence on
the capital’s streets brought the
bad memories rushing back for the
Newport County forward. A member
of the Aspire football academy, the
18-year-old McFarlane had already
turned out for Dulwich Hamlet and
was tipped to follow in the footsteps
of his talented school friends, many
of whom – like Nouble – have gone
on to enjoy lengthy professional
Instead, a bullet fired from a
submachine gun struck McFarlane
in the chest and he died two hours
later. Rio Ferdinand, who had grown
up on the same streets and was a
friend of McFarlane’s older brother,
Anthony, was among those to appeal
for information to find his killer.
Leon Pacquette was sentenced to 35
years in prison for murder in 2014.
“He was in the wrong place at the
wrong time,” Nouble says. “It was
a real shock to the system because
we were all so close. He epitomised
the friendship we all had – everyone
just wanted to play football. After
that, we all stayed at home because
nobody wanted to get caught in the
The 26-year-old has made almost
200 league appearances since
he was a highly rated prospect
in Chelsea’s youth academy. His
career has taken him to all four of
England’s professional leagues and
a short-lived stint in China. Now
settled in south Wales at his 17th
club – including loans – it was the
murder of the teenager Tanesha
Melbourne-Blake in Tottenham last
week that prompted him to speak
out on Twitter.
“This knife and gun crime
recently in London GOTTA STOP!”
he wrote. “I lost a close friend to this
innocent person in crossfire … life
itself is hard already got one chance
at it. We must encourage each other
to do and be better. Kids out here
need the guidance. Life can be great
if we live it.”
Two more murders the following
day took the number of people
killed on London’s streets this year
to above 50, prompting last week’s
summit when the mayor of London,
Sadiq Khan, met the home secretary,
Amber Rudd, and the Metropolitan
police commissioner, Cressida Dick,
to discuss how to tackle the surge in
serious crime. But Nouble, who grew
up in Deptford, believes the police
need more support from society at
“Stop and search is one thing but
they need to work harder to prevent
these attacks,” he says. “The younger
generation has a different mentality
but I don’t think that is entirely their
fault. When I was younger, there was
a lot more community things going
on and less technology. It prevents
them from using their own minds –
they are using weapons instead of
using their brains.”
Nouble is not the only member
of Newport’s squad to have lost
someone they know to the violence.
The forward Marlon Jackson was
friends with Abraham Badru – a
26-year-old who played for Bristol
amateur side Almondsbury and
was shot dead in Dalston last week.
“Nowadays it seems to happen so
much more – someone gets killed and
10 days later you have forgotten their
name,” Nouble says. “Rather than
everyone just saying how terrible it is
and then moving on to the next story,
we need to try to find a solution.”
Having joined Newport on a oneyear contract last summer, Nouble
faces a big decision: whether to
remain at the League Two club next
season or continue on his nomadic
path. The season he spent with
Tianjin Quanjian in 2014-15 remains
by far the most exotic destination he
has chosen since rejecting Chelsea’s
offer of a contract and joining West
Ham at the age of 17 because he was
concerned about his prospects of
playing first-team football.
“No matter how talented they
were, no one has made it at Chelsea.
It’s up to you to make it happen for
yourself,” he says. “I’ve travelled a
lot. From the outside, people might
see that many clubs and think I’m
not good enough but it’s just the way
things have worked out.”
‘It was a shock to
the system,’ says
Frank Nouble
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:48 Edition Date:180418 Edition:03 Zone:
Sent at 17/4/2018 23:50
The Guardian Wednesday 18 April 2018
In brief
Fans to be asked if Big
Sam is a hero or zero
Everton have sent a survey to
season-ticket holders and club
members asking them to rate Sam
Allardyce’s ability to “get the best
out of the team” on a scale of zero
to 10. The question about the team
manager is part of a wide-ranging
survey designed to shape the
club’s engagement strategy with
supporters. A questionnaire has
been emailed to members of the
fans’ panel seeking opinions on the
direction of the club, match-day
experience, the team and the senior
management at Goodison Park. On
Allardyce supporters are asked to
rate his performance on the basis
of: “I have a high level of trust in
the current manager and coaching
staff of Everton eg, in making the
right decisions to get the best out
of the team.” Ratings range from
zero – “completely disagree” – to
10 – “completely agree”. The survey
also asks fans to rate their trust in
Everton players. Andy Hunter
Mainz the gap: highs
and lows from VAR’s
colourful catalogue
After the unusual scenes in
Germany, Paul MacInnes
takes a look through the
ups and downs of the video
assistant referee’s brief but
eventful history
Three lows
Mainz v Freiburg 16 Apr 2018
Sometimes, when VAR goes wrong,
it feels like any given match could
spiral into chaos. The latest,
perhaps greatest, example came in
the Bundesliga on Monday. With
seconds left in the first half and the
game scoreless, Mainz had a penalty
appeal for handball turned down
by the referee, Guido Winkmann.
The players trooped off for their
break only to be summoned back
as VAR was not done with them.
Winkmann had been told to
check his decision and, after five
minutes of deliberation, decided
he would give a penalty after all.
The players were called back from
their revitalising drinks, Pablo de
Blasis scored the spot-kick, and the
players walked off again.
Tottenham v Rochdale 28 Feb 2018
Trials of VAR in England have been
such a mixed bag that last week
Premier League clubs opted out of
implementing the technology next
season. This FA Cup replay might
well have featured in their thinking.
Lionesses on the verge
of administration
▲ The referee Guido Winkmann has
some explaining to do at Mainz
Spurs had a decent effort overturned
by the technology and were then
awarded a penalty that probably
wasn’t. Both decisions also took
an eternity to process, which was a
little inconvenient for the crowd at
Wembley, as the match was taking
place in sub-zero temperatures and
a blizzard.
England v Italy 27 Mar 2018
Perhaps the incident which
provoked the most heated chatter of
all the trials, with fans and pundits
getting to grips with the idea of a
“clear error”. VAR is supposed to
intercede only when the referee has
made an obvious mistake but such
was not the case at Wembley when
Deniz Aytekin saw Federico Chiesa
take a tumble in the box and called
no foul. The VAR (who is a person
as well as a technology) suggested
the referee was wrong. Aytekin
scrutinised the footage and deemed
James Tarkowski had made some
contact with the Italy forward, but it
was hardly apparent at first glance.
▲ The referee Deniz Aytekin watches
James Tarkowski’s tackle against Italy
▲ Leicester’s Kelechi Iheanacho
scores against Fleetwood
Italy scored the penalty, taking the
edge off England’s performance
and Gareth Southgate was almost
impassioned by the outcome. “I
prefer that the referee’s decision is
final,” he said.
Three highs
Leicester v Fleetwood
16 Jan 2018
Statistics show VAR gets decisions
right (it just might take some
time). This was the case with the
first goal it awarded in English
football. Leicester were 1-0 up
against Fleetwood by the time
Kelechi Iheanacho tucked home
a Riyad Mahrez pass in the 77th
minute of their FA Cup thirdround replay. He was initially
adjudged to be offside but VAR
checks all goals scored and found,
actually, he was onside thanks
to the defender Nathan Pond’s
foot. A bright technological future
seemed imminent.
Cameroon v Chile 18 Jun 2017
The trials of VAR (ie the testing,
not the emotional turmoil) have
taken place across the world for
the past 18 months. One early test
came in a group game in Moscow
at last summer’s Confederations
Cup. Chile’s Eduardo Vargas
was left frustrated on the stroke
of half-time after his first-time
finish was retrospectively ruled
out for a marginal offside. Fortyfive minutes later the technology
put Vargas on the scoresheet;
it overruled an offside decision
against Alexis Sánchez, whose
parried effort Vargas had turned
into the Cameroon net. What VAR
taketh away, it can also giveth.
Aves v Boavista 6 Feb 2018
With Europe’s major leagues (bar
the English one) adopting VAR for
next season, the technology is here
to stay. A reminder it is neither
all-powerful nor infallible came
in a Portuguese league match two
months ago. Relegation-threatened
Aves were 2-0 up when Vítor Gomes
poked home after a free-kick, but
VAR was consulted owing to a
suspicion he may have been offside.
Unfortunately for the officials any
consultation proved inconclusive as
a large Boavista flag was obscuring
the cameras. Next season VAR
footage is to be broadcast at the end
of top-flight matches in Portugal, in
this case the footballing equivalent
of a blooper reel.
Four months after the 1997 FA Cup
winners, Millwall Lionesses, were
granted a licence for the new tiertwo Women’s Championship, they
stand on the verge of administration.
Currently unbeaten and second
in WSL2, the Lionesses released a
statement to supporters revealing
that “financial discrepancies” may
mean the club is forced to go into
administration. The club have
launched a crowdfunding campaign
and are working on finding a
solution that will secure their longterm future. Suzanne Wrack
World Cup
Fifa charges hosts
Russia with fan racism
Fifa has charged the World Cup
hosts, Russia, with fan racism
less than two months before the
tournament begins. Monkey chants
were aimed at black French players
during France’s 3-1 friendly win over
Russia in St Petersburg last month.
After collecting evidence Fifa says
“disciplinary proceedings have been
opened” for this incident”. AP
Sam Allardyce is not
popular with fans
at Goodison Park
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:49 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Wednesday 18 April 2018 The Guardian
Sent at 17/4/2018 19:24
Hart has experience
on his side in battle
of England keepers
West Ham man is struggling
for games and form but the
30-year-old is still likely to be
handed a World Cup ticket
Ed Aarons
hree days ago against
Spain, I felt like
crying,” said Vikash
Dhorasoo. “I’m not
a supporter, I’m not
a spectator, I’m a
football player and I’m not playing
Filmed before and during the
2006 World Cup, the docu-film
Substitute details the existential
isolation felt by the France
international as he watches his
team-mates reach the final in
Germany. Released a year after the
tournament, the film is an intriguing
insight into life on the bench but it
also spelled the end for Dhorasoo’s
international career after the
manager, Raymond Domenech, took
That scenario is unlikely to befall
Joe Hart given his close relationship
with Gareth Southgate but the
West Ham goalkeeper’s place in the
England squad is under scrutiny
again after another mistake against
Stoke in Monday’s 1-1 draw at West
With the England manager
watching on at the London Stadium
and the game live on television,
Hart’s timing could not have been
worse. Having lost his place to
Adrián earlier in the season, a run of
▲ Joe Hart apologised after his
Euro 2016 blunders against Iceland
three matches including a brilliant
performance against Chelsea last
week seemed to have put the debate
to bed for good. Inevitably, the
pundits were not slow to pile in,
with Sky’s Gary Neville criticising
the 30-year-old’s poor technique as
he attempted to deal with Xherdan
Shaqiri’s shot and Chris Sutton
telling the BBC Hart had “dropped
his ticket” for the World Cup.
“You cannot take someone
because they are a nice bloke and
good in the dressing room,” Sutton
added. “If England get two injuries
to goalkeepers you need your third
keeper to be strong. That is how it
should be judged.”
With Jordan Pickford and Jack
Butland vying to be Southgate’s
No 1 in Russia, it appears to be
between Hart and Burnley’s Nick
Pope for the third and final spot.
Pope has enjoyed a spectacular
debut season in the Premier League
since replacing the injured Tom
Heaton in the first half of the 1–0
home win over Crystal Palace in
September and received a deserved
call-up to Southgate’s last squad.
The 25-year-old was an unused
substitute in the friendlies against
the Netherlands and Italy as the
England manager took the unusual
step of naming four goalkeepers,
although Southgate also hinted
Hart’s experience was likely to earn
him the nod.
“I’ve been really straight with
him throughout,” he said. “I spoke
to him three weeks ago before he
was back in West Ham’s team and
told him he would be in the squad
on the basis of what he had done
for us before. He’s a good leader to
have around and he’s understood
everything completely. He’s played
that [back-up] role really well.”
Given only four teams out of 435
who have reached the World Cup
finals since the regulations were
introduced for the 1934 tournament
have ended up using all three
goalkeepers, you may wonder
what all the fuss is about. With
Everton’s Pickford and Butland of
Stoke having just turned 24 and 25
City set for £200m splurge after
court backs them on Garré deal
Jamie Jackson
Manchester City have been cleared
by the court of arbitration for sport
of any wrongdoing over the signing
of Benjamin Garré, clearing the way
for Pep Guardiola to enter the summer transfer market with an expected
minimum budget of £200m.
The 17-year-old Garré joined City
after leaving Vélez Sarsfield, of his
native Argentina, just after his 16th
birthday in July 2016. Fifa dismissed
an initial complaint about the move
from Vélez, who had claimed that City
acted unethically in approaching Garré
when he was still 15 and then broke
transfer regulations by signing him
when he turned 16.
After world football’s governing
Nick Pope has had
an outstanding
season for Burnley
Andy Carroll and Joe
Hart walk off after the
goalkeeper had gifted
Stoke the opening goal
respectively, Southgate may just
have a point.
England’s goalkeepers have
endured a torrid run at major
tournaments in recent years – think
David Seaman against Ronaldinho
in 2002 and Rob Green’s gaffe
against USA in 2010. Eight years ago
in South Africa, a 23-year-old Hart
was selected along with Green and
David James following a brilliant
debut season on loan at Birmingham
but Fabio Capello opted for James’s
experience. Even if that ended
with the ignominious 4-1 defeat to
Germany in the last 16, managers are
generally more likely to place their
trust in someone who has been there
and done it.
Russia with gloves
How World Cup contenders compare
Games played
Minutes played
Minutes per save
% of shots saved
Goals conceded
Minutes per goal conceded 56.7
Clean sheets
Errors leading to goals
body ruled that Garré’s Italian passport
meant he was free to join City, the club
took their case to Cas, arguing Fifa had
broken their own rules. A statement
from Cas on Tuesday confirmed that
the appeal had been dismissed.
“The appeal filed on 12 December
2016 by Club Atlético Vélez Sarsfield
against the decision issued on 24
August 2016 by the single judge of
the sub-committee of the Fifa players’ status committee is dismissed and,
accordingly, the challenged decision
is confirmed.”
If the new Premier League champions had been found guilty, then
they would have faced a transfer ban,
meaning Guardiola would have been
Jack Butland has
made the most saves
unable to strengthen in the close season if the embargo had started with
immediate effect.
The manager is now free to enter
the summer market and is targeting
a defensive midfielder. While Borus-
▲ Benjamin Garré was signed from
the Argentinian side Vélez Sarsfield
ut therein lies the
problem with Hart.
After his mistake
against Iceland which
gifted them victory
in the last 16 of the
European Championship in France
two years ago, he apologised “for
ultimately costing us the game and
the tournament” and has since been
shipped out of Manchester City
by Pep Guardiola. He has 75 caps
and played in the last World Cup in
Brazil but would England be better
served by a younger keeper who has
not been tainted with such failure?
It would be extremely harsh
on Pope if he were to miss out in
a season that has seen Burnley
defy all expectations to finish in
the top half of the table with the
league’s third-best defensive record.
According to Opta, Pope has saved
80% of the shots he has faced this
season, compared with 68.7% for
Butland, 67.3% for Pickford and
57.8% for Hart.
Ultimately, it may come down to
how much trust Southgate places
in Pickford or Butland. Never one
to hide from the spotlight, Hart will
not expect any charity, although
he would undoubtedly prefer not
to be known as the squad’s official
cheerleader either.
sia Dortmund’s Julian Weigl, 22, is
thought to be under consideration,
the manager is also targeting a wide
forward, after missing out on Arsenal’s
Alexis Sánchez in January, and may
move for another central defender.
Guardiola can expect to be handed
a budget of at least £200m by the City
hierarchy as he bids to retain the title
and claim the Champions League, following the disappointment of being
eliminated at the quarter-final stage
by Liverpool.
Meanwhile Sergio Agüero underwent surgery on his meniscus yesterday and City’s top scorer is hopeful
of being fit for Argentina’s World Cup
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:50 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 17/4/2018 21:57
The Guardian Wednesday 18 April 2018
Football Premier League
Lucas Moura (right) and Moussa
Sissoko of Spurs battle for possession
with Brighton’s striker Glenn Murray
Brighton take
battling point
and edge
closer to safety
Gross 50pen
Kane 48
Tottenham Hotspur
Shots on target
Total attempts
David Hytner
Amex Stadium
It was on this day last year that
Brighton ensured their promotion
from the Championship. Last night at
the Amex Stadium, they took a small
step towards retaining their Premier
League status for another season.
The fiendish nature of their run-
in has been well-documented and
Chris Hughton’s team must still face
the Manchester clubs, Liverpool and
Burnley in their final matches.
They needed something, anything,
to enable them to breathe a little more
easily after a worrying run of one point
from an available 15 – and this was it.
The horror of Saturday’s 3-2 loss at
Crystal Palace was temporarily forgotten as Brighton put their bodies on the
line to earn precious reward. The roar
from the home fans upon the full-time
whistle told its own story.
For Tottenham, it was points
dropped. Harry Kane had put them in
front with his 26th goal of the Premier
League season – his Golden Boot rival,
Mohamed Salah, has 30 – but Brighton
showed their character with an instant
riposte through Pascal Gross’s penalty.
Tottenham’s lead over Chelsea could
be cut to five points when their west
London rivals go to Burnley on Thursday – with four matches to play. Theirs
remains a position of strength.
Chris Hughton
makes a point
to his players
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:51 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Wednesday 18 April 2018 The Guardian
Sent at 17/4/2018 21:58
Harry Kane
hammers in
goal, his 26th in
the league this
season and one
which will put
him good heart
for their FA Cup
Brighton’s José
Izquierdo takes a
tumble in the
box and wins
a penalty after
being tackled by
Serge Aurier of
Tottenham at the
Amex Stadium
It had felt like a bigger game for
Brighton, given that Tottenham’s
run-in looks favourable. Three of the
London club’s final four matches are
at Wembley – against Watford, Newcastle and Leicester – with the other
one being a trip to West Brom.
The FA Cup semi-final against Manchester United on Saturday loomed
large, and Mauricio Pochettino juggled his resources accordingly. He
made six changes from the weekend
defeat to Manchester City and left out
Davinson Sánchez and Dele Alli from
the squad entirely. There was a first
league appearance since 28 October
for Toby Alderweireld.
Tottenham pressed onto the front
foot at the outset. It is a measure of
the depth of quality in Pochettino’s
squad that he can rotate players and
still watch his team go away from
home and set the tempo. Hughton
matched up Tottenham’s 4-2-3-1 starting system but there were spells when
Brighton were pressed back. Totten-
ham sparked danger on a number of
occasions when they won the ball high
up the pitch.
Brighton were happy to counterattack, with Anthony Knockaert a pacy
and willing outlet on the right, and
they grew into a high-energy first half.
The home support knew what was at
stake and were eager to get behind any
promising signs from their players.
Gross, in the No 10 role, provided
a few of them, including a lovely
drag-back that saw him escape Victor
Wanyama in the 28th minute and cross
low. Glenn Murray could not muster
sufficient power in his goalward flick.
The first half was end-to-end,
without there being many clear-cut
chances. Son Heung-min, who menaced Bruno, the Brighton right-back
and captain, had the best one in the
third minute of stoppage-time. Taking
a flick from Kane, he eked out a yard of
space before shooting for the bottom
corner. Mathew Ryan thrust out a hand
to save smartly.
Set-pieces had seemed the likeliest
route to the breakthrough. The tension
inside the ground was palpable when
Christian Eriksen and Kane stood over
free-kicks on the edge of the Brighton
area on 11 and 44 minutes respectively,
but neither could convert. The awards
had followed loose passes from Beram
Kayal and Knockaert.
At the other end, Lewis Dunk rose to
direct a towering header at goal from
Gross’s 19th minute corner and Knockaert nearly applied a decisive touch in
front of Hugo Lloris. He did succeed in
panicking the Tottenham goalkeeper,
who fumbled, but Brighton could not
capitalise. Knockaert quickened the
pulse with a surging run and shot,
which deflected and extended Lloris
while Ryan had to be alert to tip over a
long ranger from Lucas Moura.
There was the sense that Brighton
were playing with fire with some of
their passes in the defensive third, and
they were burned upon the secondhalf restart when Gross erred to put
Gaetan Bong in trouble. The left-back
was tackled by Wanyama and, when
the ball broke, Son tried to run around
Dunk on the byline. Son did not look to
have the room but he benefitted from
the spin of the ball, which remained on
the right side of the line, and the alarm
bells sounded when Kane swooped.
He crashed home from close range.
How would Brighton respond?
They gave their answer immediately.
José Izquierdo had the position on
Serge Aurier inside the box following
Murray’s touch, and the Tottenham
right-back’s attempt to rectify the
situation was clumsy. Izquierdo felt
the contact and went down. Gross’s
penalty was too powerful for Lloris.
Tottenham pushed for the winner
and Pochettino sent on Mousa Dembélé and Erik Lamela. But Brighton’s
resolve was impressive. They worked
tirelessly to retain their shape and
restrict the space between the lines.
The Brighton fans endured a few flutters. But Hughton’s battlers had done
Ryan; Bruno, Duffy,
Dunk•, Bong;
Stephens, Kayal;
Knockaert, Gross,
Izquierdo (March 77);
Murray (Ulloa 74).
Subs not used
Baldock, Goldson,
Schelotto, Locadia,
Lloris; Aurier,
Alderweireld, Vertonghen,
Davies; Sissoko
(Dembélé 75), Wanyama;
Moura (Lamela 75),
Eriksen, Son; Kane
(Llorente 85).
Subs not used
Trippier, Vorm, Dier, Foyth.
Referee Kevin Friend Attendance 30,440
Zero or hero? Everton ask fans
to rate Allardyce in survey
Andy Hunter
Everton have sent a survey to seasonticket holders and club members asking them to rate Sam Allardyce’s ability
to “get the best out of the team” on a
scale of zero to 10.
The question about the team manager is part of a wide-ranging survey
designed to shape the club’s engagement strategy with supporters. A
questionnaire has been emailed to
members of the fans’ panel seeking
opinions on the direction of the club,
match-day experience, the team and
the senior management at Goodison
On Allardyce supporters are asked
to rate his performance on the basis
Man City (C)
Man Utd
West Ham
Crystal Palace
West Brom
Brighton & Hove
(0) 1
Gross 50pen
42 27
42 25
42 24
43 22
43 18
42 16
41 18
43 19
42 16
41 17
43 14
Bristol Rovers
42 16
41 13
Fleetwood Town 43 15
42 14
43 12
Oxford Utd
43 13
AFC Wimbledon
42 13
42 12
42 11
42 10
43 11
MK Dons
42 10
Bury (R)
(1) 3
Knight-Percival 14
Lund 71
Wyke 90
Kane 48
Butler 2
Marquis 35
Boyle 65
(2) 3
Mason 38og
O’Shea 51pen
Miller 60
(1) 3
(0) 0
Vaulks 20
(1) 1
(0) 0
(0) 0
(0) 0
Pearce 74
Magennis 90
(0) 2
Grigg 87
(0) 1
Oxford United
(0) 0
6 82
5 76
8 55
7 14 69
11 14 56
16 10 59
10 13 53
6 18 55
13 13 64
6 18 52
14 15 56
8 18 58
15 13 52
9 19 57
11 17 49
16 15 44
11 19 57
10 19 42
12 18 51
14 17 54
16 16 45
10 22 39
12 20 42
10 26 37
Pitman 61
(0) 1
(0) 1
of: “I have a high level of trust in the
current manager and coaching staff of
Everton eg, in making the right decisions to get the best out of the team.”
Ratings range from zero – “completely
disagree” – to 10 – “completely agree”.
The survey also asks fans to rate
their trust in Everton players “being
loyal and performing at their best” and
▲ Everton have endured a dreadful
season, latterly under Sam Allardyce
Accrington (P)
Notts County
Lincoln City
Newport County
Crawley Town
Cambridge Utd
Port Vale
Forest Green
Accrington Stanley (2) 2
Kee 26 28
Yeovil Town
(0) 0
Exeter City
Stockley 39
Whitmore 74og
(1) 2
Kellett 84
(0) 1
Lincoln City
(0) 0
(0) 0
Top three
A GD Pts
44 25 11
8 63 46 +17 86
43 23 10 10 74 42 +32 79
44 20 14 10 62 49 +13 74
Aldershot 1 Gateshead 0; Bromley 3 Dag & Red 1; Dover 0
Tranmere 1; Eastleigh 0 Ebbsfleet U 1; Guiseley 0 Barrow 1;
Hartlepool 1 Leyton Orient 0; Maidenhead Utd 2 Sutton U 1.
Blyth Spartans 0 Telford 1; Boston Utd 3 Harrogate Tn 0;
Brackley 0 Bradford PA 1; Chorley 1 Stockport Co 1; Utd of
Manchester 1 York 0; N Ferriby Utd 0 Gainsborough 1;
Southport 0 Salford C 1; Spennymoor Tn 1 Kidderminster 1.
Braintree Tn 4 Whitehawk 3; Concord Rgrs 2 Bognor Regis
Tn 1; East Thurrock 0 Dartford 1; Gloucester 1 St Albans 4;
Truro C 2 Hungerford Tn 1; Poole Tn 0 Hampton & R 1.
A GD Pts
St Mirren (C)
34 22
7 61 34 +27 71
33 16 11
6 53 34 +19 59
Dundee Utd
34 17
7 10 50 39 +11 58
34 15 10
9 54 33 +21 55
34 13 11 10 46 35 +11 50
32 13
8 11 46 35 +11 47
Inverness CT
Queen of South
34 12 10 12 51 52 -1 46
34 10 11 13 39 47 -8 41
9 17 25 53 -28 30
Brechin (R)
4 30 19 82 -63 4
Brechin 0 Dundee Utd 5; Dumbarton P Inverness CT Thistle P
(postponed due to waterlogged pitch); St Mirren 1 Falkirk 2.
Berwick Rangers 0 Stenhousemuir 0
Ashton Utd 1 Stalybridge 2; Barwell L Lancaster C L;
Buxton 0 Altrincham 0; Coalville Tn 1 Halesowen 0;
Grantham 1 Hednesford 1; Matlock Tn 2 Rushall Olympic 1;
Mickleover Sports L Marine L; Warrington Tn 2 Shaw Lane 1.
Dorking Ws 0 Billericay 1; Lowestoft Tn 1 Wingate & F 1;
Thurrock 1 Folkestone 2; Tonbridge As 0 Harlow 0.
Basingstoke 3 Bishop’s Stortford 2; Biggleswade Tn 0
Hereford 1; Gosport B 0 Kettering 7; St Ives Tn 2 Stratford
Tn 6; St Neots Tn 3 Banbury 0; Tiverton 0 Dorchester 0.
the club’s leadership in “making the
right decisions for the club’s future”.
Belief in the direction of the club,
whether or not Everton are portrayed
fairly by the media and how strongly
fans feel connected to the club are
additional questions.
Everton have endured a dreadful
season having embarked on the biggest spending spree in their history last
summer and, while the club’s reversal
predates Allardyce’s appointment in
November, Ronald Koeman’s successor as manager has attracted fierce
criticism. Allardyce was again barracked by Evertonians during the 1-1
draw at Swansea City on Saturday and,
despite planning for next season and
being under contract until 2019, doubt
surrounds his position at Goodison.
The club sent the same questions to
the panel at the end of last season in
response to the Premier League reducing the range of questions in their
fans’ survey. Everton intend to use
the results to shape communication
with supporters on what emerges as
the most important issues at the club.
Deportivo La Coruña 0 Sevilla 0; Celta Vigo 2 Barcelona 2;
Villarreal L Leganés L.
Semi-final: Bayer Leverkusen 2 Bayern Munich 6
Internazionale 4 Cagliari 0
Semi-final: Les Herbiers 2 Chambly 0
Rugby union
Yorkshire Carnegie 23 Ealing Trailfinders 23
Cross Keys 31 Llandovery 10; Newport 29 Bargoed 3.
Mumbai Mumbai Indians 213-6 (RG Sharma 94, E Lewis
65). Royal Challengers Bangalore 167-8 (V Kohli 92no).
Mumbai Indians won by 46 runs.
First round: M Cecchinato (It) bt D Dzumhur (Bos) 6-3
6-2; G Simon (Fr) bt A Mannarino (Fra) 6-3 4-6 6-2;
J-L Struff (Ger) bt Y Sugita (Jpn) 6-3 6-2; F Verdasco (Sp)
bt P Cuevas (Uru) 5-7 7-6 (7-4) 6-1; F López (Sp) bt B Paire
(Fr) 5-7 7-6 (7-5) 6-4; F Fognini (It) bt I Ivashka (Blr) 6-4
7-5; D Schwartzman (Arg) bt G Pella (Arg) 0-6 6-2 6-3;
P Kohlschreiber (Ger) bt T Sandgren (US) 6-2 6-2;
A Seppi (It) bt K Edmund (GB) 6-3 5-7 6-2;
R Gasquet (Fr) bt J Chardy (Fr) 6-4 7-6 (7-5);
D Goffin (Bel) bt S Tsitsipas (Gre) 7-6 (7-4) 7-5.
Second round: D Thiem (Aut) bt A Rublev (Rus) 5-7 7-5
7-5; M Zverev (Ger) bt L Pouille (Fr) 2-6 6-1 7-6 (7-3);
G Dimitrov (Bul) bt P-H Herbert (Fr) 3-6 6-2 6-4;
A Zverev (Ger) bt G Müller (Lux) 4-6 6-3 6-2.
Stage 2: (Lavarone-Fiemme/Alpe di Pampeago - 145.5km):
1 MÁ López (Col) Astana Pro Team 3h 55m 30s; 2 T Pinot
(Fr) Groupama-FDJ; 3 I Sosa (Col) Androni GiocattoliSidermec both same time; 4 C Froome (GB) Team Sky at 4s;
5 D Pozzovivo (It) Bahrain-Merida at 7s.
General Classification: 1 I Sosa (Col) Androni GiocattoliSidermec 7h 22m 09s; 2 T Pinot (Fra) Groupama-FDJ at 6s;
3 MÁ López (Col) Astana Pro at same time; 4 C Froome (GB)
Team Sky at 16s; 5 D Pozzovivo (It) Bahrain-Merida at 19s.
Eastern Conference Play-offs: First round:
Philadelphia 103 Miami 113 (Series tied 1-1)
Western Conference Play-offs: First round:
Golden State 116 San Antonio 101
(Golden State lead series 2-0)
Ice hockey
Eastern Conference Play-offs: First Round:
New Jersey 5 Tampa Bay 2 (Tampa Bay lead series 2-1);
Toronto 4 Boston 2 (Boston lead series 2-1).
Western Conference Play-offs: First Round:
Colorado 5 Nashville 3 (Nashville lead series 2-1);
San Jose 8 Anaheim 1 ( San Jose lead series 3-0).
Football (7.45pm unless stated)
Premier League
Bournemouth v Man Utd
Scottish Championship
Dumbarton v Inverness Caledonian Thistle
FA Women’s Super League
Arsenal v Reading (7.30pm); Bristol City v Liverpool (7pm);
Everton v Chelsea (7pm); Man City v Sunderland (7pm);
Yeovil v Birmingham.
La Liga
Espanyol v Eibar (6.30pm); Valencia v Getafe;
Real Madrid v Athletic Bilbao.
Serie A
Benevento v Atalanta (5pm); Crotone v Juventus;
Fiorentina v Lazio; Napoli v Udinese; Roma v Genoa;
Sampdoria v Bologna; SPAL v Chievo; Torino v Milan;
Hellas Verona v Sassuolo.
German DFB-Pokal
Semi-final: Schalke v Eintracht Frankfurt
Coupe de France
Semi-final: Caen v PSG
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:52 Edition Date:180418 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 17/4/2018 21:59
Prize fighter
Joy Neville on beating all
male-comers to be named
world rugby’s best referee
Sports newspaper of the year
The Gu
Wednesday 18 April 2018
Interview Page 44-45 Match report
David Hytner
Page 50 Brighton
Gross 50pen
Kane 48
Spurs pay penalty
Gross seals point for Brighton
after Kane lifts Tottenham
▲ Brighton’s
Pascal Gross
after hitting
the secondhalf penalty,
awarded 18
seconds after
the restart
Spurs’ goal
‘It’s the biggest race’
Farah prepares for his
marathon test in London
Earning and learning
How England’s white-ball
dozen are getting on in IPL
Page 43 Page 41 Pag
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