FINAL Monday 23 April 2018 telegraph.co.uk No 50,674 £ 1.80 More than an ‘other’ I told Meghan what it means to be mixed race in Britain Sleep apnoeaa How it can strike you in midlife Features, page 25 Health, page 23 Paul Hayward H on Wen Wenger’s long an and painful ggoodbye oodby Sport, S Spo rt, pag pages 1-5 B R I TA I N ’ S B E S T - S E L L I N G Q U A L I T Y D A I LY ‘Ban fast food shops near schools’ Doctors call on ministers for more action to improve children’s diets and fight the obesity epidemic By Laura Donnelly HealtH editor FAST FOOD outlets should be banned from opening within 400 metres of every school in the country to tackle the obesity epidemic, doctors say. The Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health is calling for the measure to be part of an updated childhood obesity strategy which the Government is due to publish this summer. Paediatricians urged ministers to introduce a national programme to weigh and measure children from birth right through adolescence, arguing that “snapshot” weigh-ins taken at the start and end of primary school meant weight problems were spotted too late. Prof Russell Viner, president of the college, urged ministers to “take a leap of faith” and introduce sweeping powers that would make it easier for councils to keep junk food away from pupils. One in three children is overweight or obese by the time they leave primary school, with Britain’s obesity rates the worst in Western Europe and rising faster than those in the US. Next month, the Commons health and social care committee will open hearings for an inquiry on childhood obesity, examining priorities for action. In a submission to the inquiry, the Royal College is calling for a series of measures to combat obesity, starting at the school gates. Prof Viner told The Daily Telegraph: “Kids are coming out of school hungry and finding themselves surrounded by cheap chicken shops, chip shops and other types of junk food. This just wasn’t the case 20 or 30 years ago. “People tend to eat what’s in front of them and we need to make it easier for children to make the right choices.” Around 20 local authorities have brought in some restrictions on fast food outlets, but others have complained that they lack sufficient powers and face too much red tape to intro- duce such stringent measures. Research suggests the number of fast-food outlets in England grew by 4,000 between 2014 and 2017, with 1,800 schools having at least 10 such retailers within a 400-metre radius. The Mayor of London has proposed a ban on any new fast food outlets being built within such a distance. In the submission to MPs, the college calls for this to be extended across the UK. Prof Viner said action was needed from government to increase planning powers to local authorities to make it easier to bring in such bans. The Local Government Association has also backed such moves. The submission sets out calls for a national programme to weigh and measure children throughout childhood and adolescence, with data collected by GPs and schools. Currently children are weighed at the age of four or five and again in their final year of primary school, aged 10 or 11. During that time, the proportion who are obese doubles from 10 to 20 per cent. The college is calling for the programme to be extended from birth right through adolescence, with GPs given training in how to tackle parents about children who gain weight. Prof Viner said that GPs needed to say things which some parents might find unpalatable. “We need to be prepared to have difficult conversations and to make every contact [with health services] count in the fight against obe- sity,” he said. The paediatrician also urged the Government to take firm action when it publishes its updated strategy on obesity this summer. Its initial plans, published in 2016, led to a sugar tax on fizzy drinks brought in this month, but many charities and health groups said the measures did not go far enough. A ban on advertising of junk foods on television before the 9pm watershed is among the proposals being considered for inclusion in a “second chapter” due to be launched by Theresa May this summer. Prof Viner said: “We have to take a leap of faith to protect current and future generations.” Editorial Comment: Page 19 Elderly put at risk by ‘severe shortage’ of accessible housing Heat is on ... and Farah’s on fire By Caroline Green and Olivia Rudgard DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS/AFP/GETTY IMAGES PLANNING rules are fuelling a housing “crisis” which is forcing the frail and elderly to live in dangerous conditions, a leaked report by the Equality and Human Rights Commission seen by The Daily Telegraph has found. The report, due to be released next month, found a “severe shortage of accessible and adaptable housing”, with only 7 per cent of homes in England offering basic accessibility features such as a level access to the entrance. It warns that councils are failing to build enough accessible homes and are not taking action against developers who fail to comply with regulations. The EHRC, England’s human rights watchdog, said that at least 10 per cent of all housing should be built with a growing elderly and disa- Sir Mo Farah once again ran into the history books as he broke the British marathon record when finishing third in the London race, in which many runners struggled to cope with the heat Report: Pages 2-3 Words failing to flow from inside the Camerons’ shepherd’s hut Police drop investigation into bishop besmirched by Church DAVID CAMERON famously bought a £25,000 shepherd’s hut for his Oxfordshire garden in which to write his memoir. But it does not appear to have helped him much, with publication of his life in No 10 likely delayed until next year. Mr Cameron has an £800,000 contract with William Collins, part of the HarperCollins publishing empire, for his autobiography, which had been expected this autumn. When asked in a CNN interview last week how the book was going, the former prime minister admitted that he had to “get on with it”. Sources close to Mr Cameron told The Daily Tele- graph that the publication date was now “most likely next year”. One MP spoke of “rumours” that Mr Cameron was suffering writer’s block, but added: “The more plausible explanation is that he wants it to come out after Brexit is finished.” A spokesman said: “David Cameron is making excellent progress with his book.” By Olivia Rudgard religious affairs correspondent NEWS BRIEFING news news By Christopher Hope cHief political correspondent Puzzles Obituaries TV listings Weather A POLICE investigation into George Bell, the late former Bishop of Chichester, has been dropped amid criticism of the Archbishop of Canterbury for smearing his name. Sussex Police told The Daily Telegraph that they were no longer investigating a new allegation referred to them earlier this year. A spokesman said the investigation “was completed in March” and added “further police investigation or action is not possible as Bell died 60 years ago”. An independent review, released last year by Lord Carlile, found that Bell had been besmirched by the Church in 2015 when offi- cials released a statement formally apologising over allegations of abuse made by a woman now in her seventies. It also paid £16,800 to the woman, known as Carol, for the alleged sexual abuse over a period of four years, beginning when she was five years old. In January this year, the Church announced that it Continued on Page 2 world news comment business Charles Moore Barclays boss faces fines over whistleblower Britain will leave Duchess refused Macron warns 20 customs union, to visit Charles’s Trump to keep ‘haunted house’ up Iran deal 29 No 10 insists is going to leave the The Duchess of Cornwall Emmanuel Macron will 31 Britain customs union after Brexit, has disclosed that she meet Donald Trump today, Downing Street insisted last refused to visit the Prince of carrying a message that the 32 night, as the Government Wales’s Dumfries House United States must remain ISSN-0307-1235 9 *ujöeöu#yxc,y,* ÊÁË× moved to reassure proBrexit MPs in the wake of reports that the Prime Minister’s team had concluded the UK may have to remain inside the free trade mechanism after all. Page 4 after sensing the building was haunted before its renovation. The Duchess said: “I remember leaving and thinking I don’t want to come back here again and I didn’t for a few years.” Page 7 committed to a flawed nuclear deal with Iran because there is no “Plan B”. In an interview Mr Macron discussed his reputation as the “Trump whisperer” and hopes for averting trade war. Page 14 The stubborn courage of women men in power wer Page 19 Barclays boss Jes Staley faces paying nearly £1 million in fines and lost bonuses after trying to unmask a whistleblower. The FCA is understood to be planning to fine Mr Staley for breaking whistleblowing rules by seeking to identify the source of personal claims about a colleague. Business, Page 1 bled population in mind, and that local authorities must reduce the bureaucratic hurdles for adapting homes. The report comes at a time of a growing social care crisis with many elderly and frail people stuck in hospitals, unable to be discharged due to inadequate housing. At the same time, younger people are struggling to get on to the housing ladder with the older generation unable to downsize due to a lack of suitable properties. Following an inquiry into the state of housing for disabled people in Britain, the EHRC reported that the “acute housing crisis” was leaving elderly and disabled people in unsafe homes and leading to accidents and hospital admissions. The report’s executive summary said that some people were forced into “eating, sleeping and bathing in Continued on Page 2 2 FINAL Monday 23 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph News They’re off The Queen gets the 2018 London Marathon off to a start, sending 40,000 Water stations run dry as hottest London Marathon takes its toll By Helena Horton and Francesca Marshall RUNNERS had been warned that yesterday’s London Marathon was going to be the hottest on record and were no doubt prepared for a tough time. But what they hadn’t factored in were the pit-stops at local pubs and shops for their mid-race refreshments. Some runners were forced to add in their own detours for some much needed hydration after being left without water for large stretches of the marathon after volunteers ran out. Mobile water stations had to be dispatched to provide runners with refreshment after stations between miles eight and ten ran out. Race organisers had previously urged runners to reconsider aiming for personal bests and suggested ditching fancy dress costumes amid the unseasonably warm April weather. The Duke pub in Deptford was serving cups of waters to race competitors while it was also reported on Twitter that “runners are going into shops on route to buy drinks”. Even Sir Mo Farah ran into trouble when he was unable to find his water bottle at two drink stations. Sir Mo said volunteers were more interested in taking selfies than handing out water as temperatures at St James’s Park in London hit 75.3F (24.1C), according to the Met Office, while runners said they had to go ps to purchase into shops ecause of shortdrinks because ages. Previously, the warmest marathon was 72.6F in 1996 and 2007. “The drinks stations onwere confusing,” Sir id. Mo said. taff “The staff were helpful at the end but at the beginning they were trying to take a picture rather than giving me the drink. “I was saying to the people on motorbikes to tell the staff to be a bit helpful instead of taking pictures. “I wasn’t wasting energy, I just needed a drink. I had to get it right. Despite this, the Olympic gold medallist managed to become the fastest ever British marathon runner, crossing the line at a time of 2:06:21, comfortably clear of Steve Jones’s 33-year-old British record of 2:07:13. Some runners were seen collapsing after organisers warned participants not to over-exert themselves because of the heat. Many claimed there was a seven-mile stretch where there was no water to be found. Marathon organisers confirmed on Twitter that there were shortages at eight of its stations, writing: “Lorries with our additional contingency supply are topping up other water stations on the route and mobile water stations are currently being dispatched to provide runners with water.” They later said: “We have supplied additional water from our contingency stocks to water stations 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 and 23.” One participant hit back: “Mile 7 and 9 ran out at 12 noon with 1,000s still running. Some people running 7 miles between drink stations. Runners going into shops on route to buy dr drinks. The change to the drinks stations has failed runners.” Contacted for comc ment by The Telegr Telegraph, London Marathon Mara organisers pointed to their t tweets, and said there woul would be no fur further statement. Deptford Fire Station provides runners with a much needed hosing down, main, while huge fans were placed at the finishing line, below; bottom, paramedics were close on hand to help Editorial Commen Comment: Page 19 Sport, p pages 18-19 The Telegraph’s Bryony Gordon poses with Jada Sezer Traditional county names prove hard to shift By Christopher Hope CHIEF POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT MORE than four in 10 people are still using traditional county names to describe where they live, rather than more modern administrative districts. A poll by YouGov found that 45 per cent of people used historic county names in their postal addresses despite the fact that many have been replaced by modern administrative districts. This means that, for example, people in Warrington say they live in Lancashire, rather than Cheshire, or those in Trading places The areas that switched counties Bournemouth Moved from Hampshire to Dorset Caerphilly Glamorgan to Gwent Newcastle Northumberland to Tyne & Wear Peterborough Northants to Cambs Sedbergh West Riding of Yorkshire to Cumbria Vale of White Horse Berks to Oxon British Counties Campaign Birmingham are part of Warwickshire rather than the more modern West Midlands. Both changes were made in the 1974 local government reform. Similarly, people living in Enfield often say their homes were in Middlesex (abolished in 1965) rather than in London, according to the research by the British Counties Campaign. The campaign, which wants to change the law to bring back traditional county names, has won the support of MPs after launching a parliamentary campaign. It is proposing a law so that the word “county” would only apply to the his- toric 92 counties of the UK. Local authority areas would be called simply “council areas”. The YouGov study, commissioned by the campaign, also found that 53 per cent of people over 45 were in favour of bringing back the historic county names. Gerard Dughill, the campaign’s manager, said: “People still are using the historic county definitions when they are asked what county they live in or what county they come from, they still are clinging on – using their historic county names, and we want to encourage continued use of that.” Developers won’t build ‘less Archbishop urged to retract profitable’ accessible homes statement smearing bishop Continued from Page 1 one room” and to rely on family members to carry them between rooms and up stairs. Local authorities told the commission that developers were “reluctant to build accessible houses, as they see them as less profitable”, and often failed to comply with accessibility standards. Despite this, just 3 per cent of councils took enforcement action against developers who failed to meet these standards, the commission found. The report also said that people were forced to wait an average of 22 weeks between application and the installation of home adaptations necessary to live safely and independently, with some waiting for more than a year. Responding to the report, charities warned that the lack of suitable housing was exacerbating the NHS crisis as elderly and disabled people were forced to stay in hospital for longer due to a lack of safe accommodation. Caroline Abrahams, charity director at Age UK, said: “Providing accessible homes must be seen as core to reducing pressure on social care and the NHS. If these recommendations are implemented they will help many more older and disabled people to receive care and support at home.” A spokesman for the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government said: “Our new planning rules make clear that councils must take the needs of elderly and disabled people into account when planning new homes in their area.” Continued from Page 1 had received “fresh information” about Bell which it had passed to the police. The Archbishop of Canterbury has also been urged to retract a statement that there remains a “significant cloud” over the name of the bishop, recognised for speaking out against Nazi Germany. The Church was criticised for making the new investigation public, with Lord Carlile calling the decision “unwise, unnecessary and foolish”. In a statement, the police force said: “On Jan 30 this year we received information from the Church of England concerning an allegation made against the late Bishop George Bell. The information was assessed and a proportionate investigation has been carried out. Further police action is not pos- George Bell, former bishop of Chichester, was besmirched by the Church following allegations made against him sible as Bishop Bell died 60 years ago.” A Church of England spokesman said: “Fresh information was received regarding Bishop Bell and the National Safeguarding Team announced that it was commissioning an independent investigation. We cannot make any further comment until this is completed.” Representatives for the Archbishop of Canterbury have been approached for comment. NEWS BULLETIN Diver drowns in the deepest lake in England Ex-race adviser to fight ‘racial offence’ charge A diver exploring England’s deepest lake drowned on Saturday after being unable to swim back to shore. Cumbria Police confirmed yesterday that the diver became stranded in Wastwater and was unable to get to land. Despite attempts by mountain rescue, fire crews, police, coastguard and an air ambulance they were unable to get to the man, in his 60s and from Lancashire, in time. A Cumbria Police spokesman said: “Extensive efforts were made to revive the diver, but unfortunately they were unsuccessful.” Wastwater, situated near Scafell Pike, is three miles long and 260ft deep. A former race relations adviser to the police has vowed to fight a prosecution in court after being charged with a racially aggravated offence. Judah Adunbi was arrested at his Bristol home on April 18 and will appear in court next month, charged with a racially aggravated public order offence following an alleged incident at a betting shop on the city’s Stapleton Road on March 29. The 64-year-old, who is a former member of the Independent Advisory Group to Avon and Somerset Police, has been released on conditional bail. Car theft gadgets for sale online for £100 Wednesday’s Lotto draw will have an estimated £10.3 million jackpot after no ticket-holders won Saturday’s top prize. One winner scooped the £500,000 Thunderball Electronic gadgets that can be used to steal cars in seconds are being sold online for as little as £100. The devices, available on Amazon and eBay, allow thieves to reprogramme a blank key fob so it can start a car’s ignition. An inquiry carried out by the Daily Mail found the device was able to “steal” a test car in two minutes after getting into the vehicle with a lock pick, which can also be bought on the internet. Amazon buyers posted reviews of how effective they were. Following the revelation one crime commissioner accused “irresponsible” web retailers of helping criminals, and added that the devices should be removed from the websites. is a member of the Independent Press Standards Organisation (IPSO) and we subscribe to its Editors’ Code of Practice. If you have a complaint about editorial content, please visit www.telegraph. co.uk/editorialcomplaints or write to ‘Editorial Complaints’ at our postal address (see below). If you are not satisfied with our response, you may appeal to IPSO at www.ipso.co.uk. Lotto 2 | 8 | 9 | 12 | 20 | 57 | B/Ball 38 Thunderball 6 | 9 | 24 | 31 | 37 | T/Ball 9 The Daily Telegraph, 111 Buckingham Palace Road, London, SW1W 0DT ** The Daily Telegraph Monday 23 April 2018 3 News ‘Faulty’ fitness trackers make you go that extra mile runners off into the capital in record-breaking temperatures By Daily Telegraph Reporter FITNESS trackers exaggerate how far you have actually run, a study has found. According to new research by the consumer group Which? some wearable devices under or overestimate distances by more than a third. For runners in yesterday’s 26.2-mile London Marathon this could mean missing the finish line by eight miles. Well-known brands such as Samsung were found to show incorrect distances and missed the marathon line by an average of four miles. Which? tested more than 85 fitness trackers and smartwatches, with prices reaching up to £500, to find the most and least reliable. Each was assessed for accurately measuring track steps, distance based on steps, heart rate and calories burned. The Garmin Forerunner 35 and Misfit Ray fitness tracker were only 68 per cent accurate, showing 17.8 miles when the actual distance run was 26.2 miles. If the product had failed to work on yesterday’s marathon it would have been the equivalent of the runners having to go eight miles beyond the finish line. Which? said some fitness trackers that do not have built in GPS and calculate distance by the number of steps taken. Usually this will be based on an estimated stride length multiplied by footfalls, but some trackers do not allow stride length to be altered, which hits their accuracy. Models with GPS are the most accurate, but even they could be up to 20 per cent out in Which? tests. Some devices without GPS will use the sensor on a mobile phone to track distance. GETTYIMAGES/GUY CORBISHLEY/ALAMY/WENN/REUTERS/PA Prince Harry with champions David Weir and Madison de Rozario, top; two fancy dress competitors soldier on, above; Sophie Raworth and Jenni Falconer, below, before the race Off track How devices measured a marathon u Misfit Ray (£29.99) 68pc 17.8 miles u Garmin Forerunner 35 (£130) 68pc 17.8 miles u Samsung Gear Fit Pro 2 (£209) 86pc, 22.55 miles u Tom Tom Spark 3 (£199) 96pc, 25.17 miles u Fitbit Ace (£80) 97pc, 25.43 miles u Polar A370 (£170) 96pc, 25.17 miles u Garmin Vivoactive HR (£165) 98pc, 25.7 miles u Huawei Watch 2 Sport (£279) 99pc, 26.5 miles u Apple Watch Series 1 (£249) 99pc, 26.5 miles 4 ** Monday 23 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph News No 10 insists UK will leave customs union Ministers move to reassure Tory Eurosceptics and calm fears of ‘handbrake turn’ on manifesto pledge By Christopher Hope CHIEF POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT BRITAIN will leave the customs union after Brexit, Downing Street said last night, with Theresa May and other ministers expected to skip a Labour attempt in the House of Commons this week to stop the UK leaving. The Government moved to reassure Eurosceptic Tory MPs in the wake of reports that Mrs May’s team had pri- vately concluded that the UK may have to remain in the customs union after all. Civil servants on Britain’s negotiating team were said to favour keeping Britain in a customs union to avoid a hard border with Ireland. Leaving the customs union after Brexit – which would allow the UK to strike its own independent trade deals – was a Tory manifesto commitment. However, one Sunday newspaper reported that an aide to Mrs May had told a meeting that the Prime Minister and her team “will not be crying into our beer” if parliament forced the Government to keep the UK in the EU. A “war gaming exercise” even concluded that David Davis, the Brexit Secretary, and Michael Gove, the Envi- ronment Secretary, would not quit even if this were to happen. A No 10 source said: “It remains the case that Government policy as set out in the Mansion House speech is for Britain to leave the customs union.” Last night, Sajid Javid, the Communities Secretary, and Mr Gove spoke out to calm nerves among Brexiteers. Mr Javid said that the public gave “clear instructions” at the referendum that included leaving the customs union, “an intrinsic part of the EU”, and the country signing its own trade deals. Mr Gove said: “Sajid is right; the referendum vote was clear, we need to take back control of trade – that means leaving the protectionist customs union.” Liam Fox, the Trade Secretary, is ex- pected to say today that Brexit will “remove the regulation, bureaucracy and red tape that inhibit the free trade in services”. Labour is planning to put pressure on the Government with a Commons motion to require “as an objective in negotiations … the establishment of an effective customs union”. But Tory MPs are likely to stay away from the debate and instead campaign in marginal seats ahead of May’s council elections. One Eurosceptic source said this would make Thursday’s debate a “tumbleweed vote” with Labour MPs voting alone for their non-binding motion. Mrs May will miss the debate to meet Mala Tribich, a Holocaust survivor, in Downing Street. Ministers expect defeat in the House of Lords today when peers vote to keep Britain subject to the European Court of Justice after Brexit. More lost amendments are likely in coming days. Ministers want to group all successful Lords’ amendments on the EU Withdrawal Bill into a single series of votes next month and force Tory MPs to overturn them, turning them into an effective vote of confidence in the Government, The Daily Telegraph has been told. A source said: “The amendments will probably be bunched together and come back at the end of May and the plan would be to rush through them all as quickly as possible.” Jacob Rees-Mogg, chairman of the European Research Group of Conserv- ative MPs, said that staying in the customs union “would be not just a U-turn but a handbrake turn”. He said: “There is no indication that the Government is backing away from its manifesto commitment.” Nicky Morgan, the former education secretary who is backing Labour’s motion, said the Tory party would not “entertain a leadership contest at the moment” if Eurosceptic MPs tried to force her out. She told the BBC’s Sunday Politics: “Those who want to might have enough names to send in letters to the 1922 backbench committee chairman, but that’s about as far as it will get.” Juliet Samuel: Page 18 EU sees our independence as a nuisance, warns Iceland By Anna Mikhailova POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT By James Rothwell in Reykjavik JEREMY HUNT saved nearly £100,000 in tax on his purchase of seven flats after exploiting a loophole in the Tory crackdown on buy-to-let landlords. An increase in stamp duty introduced in 2016 means anyone buying a second home or buy-to-let pays a surcharge. Buying a property in addition to a main home attracts a higher rate of land tax – three percentage points above the standard rate. For example, a £400,000 home means a £10,000 stamp duty bill. If it is buy-to-let, the bill goes up to £22,000. However, bulk purchases of six properties or more are exempt, meaning Mr Hunt will have saved on his tax bill by buying seven homes in one go. At the start of this year, Mr Hunt made such a purchase in an upmarket development in Ocean Village, Southampton. Other properties in the same building are on the market for between £450,000 and £1 million. As the taxman says “six or more residential properties bought in a single transaction” are exempt from the higher rate, Mr Hunt will have saved at least £94,500. David Smith, of the National Landlords Association, said: “It looks bad that a minister is very clearly taking advantage of a poorly designed policy.” When Chancellor in 2015, George Osborne introduced the higher rate because “people buying a home to let should not be squeezing out families who can’t afford a home to buy.” Last week, the Parliamentary Standards Commissioner opened an inquiry into Mr Hunt after he initially failed to register with parliamentary authorities his interest in the company he used to buy the flats. He also initially failed to declare his shareholding to Companies House – a criminal offence punishable by a fine or two years in prison. Mr Hunt told The Daily Telegraph the breaches were an “honest mistake” by his accountant that had been corrected. His spokesman said: “All the rental income is being donated to charity, which means there is no profit to pay tax on, and therefore no reduction in the tax payable or personal gain from these arrangements.” REUTERS/HENRY NICHOLLS Hunt saved £100,000 by buying seven flats in one go Great expectations A fan of the Royal family camps outside St Mary’s Hospital in London where the Duchess of Cambridge is due to give birth to her third child imminently. Both Prince George and Princess Charlotte were born at the Lindo Wing. Project Fear ‘a giant error whose Corbyn frontbencher accuses May of racism over Windrush figures were out by £100bn’ By Anna Mikhailova THE Treasury’s anti-Brexit predictions during the lead-up to the EU referendum were wrong to the tune of £100 billion, according to a new report. Project Fear, spearheaded by George Osborne, the former chancellor, was a “giant error” and a “gross miscarriage of government”, says the report, to be published in Standpoint magazine. Mr Osborne’s “scary rhetoric about a return of the Great Recession now looks preposterous,” said Timothy Congdon, an economist and the report’s author. He said the difference between Project Fear’s forecast and reality amounted to 4.6 per cent of GDP. “Instead of employment falling by hundreds of thousands, it has risen by hundreds of thousands,” the report said. “Instead of house prices going down, they have gone up.” Even public finances were better than at any time since the recession. Project Fear, it said, was “a mixture of malice and ignorance, of wicked politics and trashy economics” – but “more cock-up than conspiracy”. By Anna Mikhailova A LABOUR frontbencher last night accused Theresa May of racism and in the wake of the Windrush scandal, running an “institutionally racist” government. Dawn Butler, shadow equalities secretary, said the Prime Minister “has presided over racist legislation that has discriminated against a generation of people from the Commonwealth”. And Jeremy Corbyn, the Labour leader, said Mrs May was personally responsible for Windrush as she had set “a deliberately unreachable bar” while home secretary by forcing migrants to provide proof of residence to access services such as housing and healthcare. Ms Butler told Sky News that Mrs May needed to reconsider her position. Asked whether Mrs May could personally be accused of racism, Ms Butler said: “Yes… she is the leader, presiding over legislation that is discriminating against a whole group of people.” A Downing Street spokesman said Mrs May was working to highlight the need to tackle racial injustice. ICELAND is frustrated with growing pressure from the EU to accept more rules on energy and food standards, the country’s finance minister has said. As a result, the EU was beginning to see the Nordic country’s independence as a “nuisance”, Bjarni Benediktsson told The Daily Telegraph. His comments highlight the difficulties the UK faces if it adopts the “soft Brexit” option. “Those that are for integration are stepping up the pace and if that is realised there will be even less tolerance for special implementation in the European Economic Area,” Mr Benediktsson warned. “An example is raw meat and the free flow of goods. The European line is one for all, all for one, no special rules for anybody. But we are a special example, as in Iceland there is no salmonella. It is not a problem as it is in member states.” Mr Benediktsson said that the EU did not understand why Iceland was so reluctant to join the European project. “They are almost showing disregard… like [we’re] a nuisance to them,” he added. “The fact of the matter is that if you have an international agreement you should respect it, and that’s that.” It comes after Iceland vowed to reexamine its agreement amid mounting concerns that Brussels was exerting too much influence on domestic affairs. Iceland’s membership of the European Economic Area allows access to the single market but requires it to accept EU rules such as free movement. “Our participation is founded on a two-pillar system,” said Mr Benediktsson, referring to the legal framework that ensures Iceland is governed by the European Free Trade Area, rather than accepting direct rule from Brussels. This, he said, had left Iceland struggling to assert its independence even though it was not an EU member state. Despite this, membership of the EEA had been successful, he said, adding that Iceland was free to sign trade agreements. Britain has ruled out the Icelandic model in Brexit talks, despite Theresa May being urged by the Brexit committee to resort to EEA/EFTA membership as a fallback option. Labour’s anti-Semitism is making me a Tory, says Lipman By Anna Mikhailova MAUREEN LIPMAN, the actress, said anti-Semitism in the Labour party is pushing her to vote for the Conservatives instead. Asked if she is “becoming a Tory”, the lifelong Labour voter said: “I’m getting there. I can’t be a Labour supporter any more. I’m a socialist in my heart, but how can I support this lot?” Ms Lipman hit out against the rise of anti-Semitism within the Labour party when she told ITV’s Peston on Sunday show that anti-Semitic tropes were fuelling the problem. And in an apparent swipe at Jeremy Corbyn, the Labour leader, Ms Lipman said: “It is possible to be anti-racist and anti-Semitic. “We don’t know with Jeremy whether he’s mischievous or naughty, provocative or he is doing it cynically.” The comments came two weeks after Ms Lipman attended a rally against anti-Semitism held outside Labour’s headquarters in London, where she called for Mr Corbyn to resign. ** The Daily Telegraph Monday 23 April 2018 5 News MI5 ‘is full of young graduates stuck behind a monitor’ By Hayley Dixon MI5 is a “young” organisation staffed by analysts who have come straight from university, the former reviewer of terrorism has said as he called on staff to work closer with the policeman on the street. In a rare insight into the shadowy organisation, David Anderson QC said that there was a risk that young analysts were not suspicious enough and could become “accustomed” to reams of data, while an officer with real world experience would be able to flag up issues that could be of interest. Mr Anderson, the independent reviewer of terrorism until 2017, last year reviewed the police and MI5’s response to the four terror attacks between March and June and found that the secret services needed to “share the fruits of their intelligence a little more widely”. He will now monitor both services to see if the reforms are implemented before reporting to the Home Secretary and the Prime Minister in January. Mr Anderson has said that as part of his work looking at how MI5 responded to the attacks, he decided that it was impossible to get to know an organisation through the office of the director general rather than standing in the lift or sitting in the canteen. “It is a very impressive organisation and it works very well with the police, those things are not in doubt,” Mr Anderson said in an interview with the US blog Lawfare. “But if you asked me to sum up in one word how I find MI5, I think I would say young. This may be my own advancing years or it may be the fact that numbers are expanding very quickly – there was a 30 per cent uplift in the intelligence budget in 2015 and that is only now feeding through into a pretty rapid increase in personnel. “But it made me realise that when it comes to not only assessing the threat but working out how to respond to it in individual cases you really need a mix of expertise. There are brilliant young analysts in MI5. They left university, since then they have sat behind a computer screen and they are very, very good at what they do. “But if they are dealing with a part of south Manchester where the terrorism is all mixed up with drugs and crime they need someone there who has policed that area, someone who has been to court and seen his case collapse because the evidence wasn’t believed and I think that policing perspective is really important. One of the big lessons ‘You get people in the agencies maybe not being suspicious enough, they get so much of this stuff that they become almost accustomed to it’ Tough new powers to target terror suspects By Martin Evans CRIME CORRESPONDENT POLICE and security services are to be given tougher anti-terror powers in order to help target suspects in the early stages of plots. Leaked documents show how new proposals will make it easier for the security services to home in on potential extremists in what has been described as a “step change in our domestic capabilities”. There are thought to be more than 20,000 people of interest on the radar of intelligence agencies in Britain. But last summer’s attacks led to concern that potential terrorists are not being monitored closely enough. The new plans call for more focus on “communities where the threat from terrorism and radicalisation is highest” and will make it easier for the police and MI5 to warn other government agencies, town halls and devolved administrations about suspects in their area. This aims to ensure that plots are interrupted before they get off the ground. Longer prison terms for terror offences would also be brought in and more intensive monitoring when people are released from jail. Another plan is to have beefed-up security at sporting and concert venues and to prevent jihadists from getting jobs in positions they could later exploit. It is also suggested that almost 2,000 additional staff should be recruited and trained within the security services. The paper says the threat of terrorism is higher than when the last counter-terrorism strategy was published in 2011 and a “change of approach” is needed. A Home Office spokesman said: “We do not comment on leaked documents. The updated counter-terrorism strategy, which is still being finalised, will be a comprehensive and cross-cutting response to the evolving threat from domestic and international terrorism. “The Home Secretary has made clear her determination to leave no safe space for terrorists to act or recruit.” He was evil, says cousin of Manchester bomber THE Manchester Arena bomber was “evil”, his cousin has said as he revealed the attack made him feel “sick”. Isaac Forjani, 22, told The Sunday Times he lent his bank card to Salman Abedi to buy items online but in an “act of betrayal”, he used it to buy car batteries that he used to make the bomb that killed 22 people and injured scores more at an Ariana Grande concert last May. Mr Forjani said he lost “everything” – and was arrested by officers who believed he knew about Abedi’s plans. “Can you imagine somebody convincing you that if you blow yourself up with all those people, you’re going to heaven? He’s evil. Simple as that,” he said. Upon hearing the news, Mr Forjani said he felt “sick”. He said: “I got my mum to ring up the family in Libya to try to confirm what was being said about Salman being the bomber. Then a relative confirmed he was missing.” that came out of these reviews, yes they work well together already but they have to do more to pool their expertise. “You get people in the agencies maybe not being suspicious enough, they get so much of this stuff every day that they become almost, I won’t say blasé, but almost accustomed to it and you need someone who has been on the street who can say ‘I think that it needs a closer look’.” MI5 runs a two-year training programme, starting on £30,000 a year, to get graduates into analyst roles. It says it “places you at the heart of MI5 investigations”. It did not respond to a request for comment. Mr Anderson said that he was given unprecedented access to both MI5 and counter-terror policing because “everybody was shocked” by the four attacks across London and Manchester last spring, which killed 36 and wounded another 200. He noted in his review that MI5 has already agreed to share its knowledge more widely. By Daily Telegraph Reporter A PHOTOGRAPH of the fiancé of Yulia Skripal, the Salisbury poisoning victim, has emerged, amid claims he and his mother have gone into hiding. Stepan Vikeev vanished after Ms Skripal and Sergei, her father, were poisoned with a Russian nerve agent last month, with The Mail on Sunday reporting he allegedly works for Vladimir Yulia Skripal’s fiancé Stepan Vikeev, far left, and his mother are reportedly being protected by Russian agents EAST2WEST NEWS; FACEBOOK VIA AP Former terrorism reviewer says spy agency needs to become more in touch with police on the street Poison victim’s fiance ‘works for Putin’s FSB’ Putin’s FSB intelligence service. Russian security sources reportedly told the paper Mr Vikeev, 30, works for the Institute of Modern Security Problems, run by his mother Tatiana. Mother and son are both thought to have gone into hiding and are reportedly being protected by Russian government agents. It emerged yesterday that key suspects have been identified by investigators examining passenger lists from flights in and out of Britain around the time of the attack. 6 *** Monday 23 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph *** The Daily Telegraph Monday 23 April 2018 7 News I fear Queen is doomed to hear Formby forever, says Brandreth By Hannah Furness By Hannah Furness ROYAL CORRESPONDENT SHE is usually her husband’s most devoted champion, providing quiet support behind the scenes and by his side in public. Even the Duchess of Cornwall, however, drew the line on one occasion, when she refused to visit the Prince of Wales’s landmark Dumfries House project after sensing it was haunted. The Duchess, who has allowed a documentary team to follow her through the year, has told of her initial reaction to the Scottish stately home, saved from a dilapidated state for the nation by the Prince a decade ago. It has since gone on to become a masterclass in restoration, hailed as preserving not only a Georgian “time capsule” for the public to visit but providing jobs for the community and training in dwindling traditional skills. The Duchess gave an insight into the transformation in a frank exchange. “If you could have seen it when the Prince first spotted it, you wouldn’t have believed it was the same house,” she told an ITV documentary. “It was so sad and unlived in, unloved and neglected. And it had a really eerie feel about it. There was definitely a ghost. Without a shadow of a doubt. I remember the first time I walked up the steps, got into the hall and I thought I can’t go any further. I literally froze. If my hair could stand on end, it would have done. “I remember leaving and thinking I don’t want to come back here again and I didn’t for a few years.” After the Prince’s team began work on the house, opening it to the public in 2008, she said she had walked in to find a “completely new house”. “Whatever was there had disappeared,” she said. “The whole thing seemed to be smiling again.” Of the idiosyncrasies of staying at Dumfries House, the Duchess added: “I love hearing clocks striking together. We’ve got 10 or 11 grandfather clocks that were collected by the Queen Mother. They are all supposed to strike at the same time but they never do. However much you wind them, they’re always out of sync.” In 2007, The Daily Telegraph revealed that Dumfries House had been saved by the Prince at the 11th hour after the building was put on the market and its unique contents already on their way to an auction house ready to be sold off. A group convened by the Prince secured the property and its furniture for £45 million, with £20 million personally guaranteed by the heir to the throne himself. The ITV documentary, to be broadcast tonight, will tell the story of the PA How ‘haunted’ house proved too much for Duchess The Prince’s restoration of Dumfries House in Ayrshire provided jobs for the local community and earned praise from the Duchess Prince and Duchess’s relationship and marriage. Ben Elliot, the Duchess’s nephew, relays how the Queen expressed her approval at their 2005 wedding, saying: “It was a really happy day because clearly these two people had been in love for a long time. “This was the end of a journey. I think it was the Queen who said something in her speech about, I think it Sorry we’re so famous, Obamas tell daughter’s British boyfriend By Francesca Marshall BARACK and Michelle Obama have sent their daughter’s British boyfriend a letter apologising for being so famous. The former US president and first lady reportedly wrote to Rory Farquharson after becoming concerned over the attention that Malia’s famous name might bring upon her boyfriend. Mr Farquharson and Miss Obama, 19, have been an item since they met while studying at Harvard University last year. However, according to sources in The Mail on Sunday, the Obamas need not worry as Mr Farquharson’s parents have been very excited over their son receiving the letter. The 20-year-old is a former head boy at Rugby School. Mr Farquharson was made head of school at the private school for 2015-16 and was described as popular and “quite a catch”, according to one school friend. He appears to be a talented sportsman as well as academiRory Farquharson, 20, has been dating Malia Obama, 19, since they met at Harvard University last year cally gifted, representing his school in both golf and rugby. He even took part in a rugby video played at the World Cup Opening ceremony in 2015, in which Prince Harry also made an appearance. His father, Charles, 57, who has a degree in law In tomorrow’s Arts section Robert Trevino Conductor who rose from poverty to become a musical sensation from St Catharine’s College, Cambridge, is the chief executive of Insight Investment Management, based in London. His mother, Catherine, 58, is a qualified accountant who sits as a lay person on financial and legal tribunals in London’s Upper Tribunal. His Twitter account also suggests he is a vocal critic of Mr Obama’s successor as president, Donald Trump, retweeting a post which suggested Mr Trump’s “populism” was unlikely to last more than a year. In 2016, Mr Obama revealed that his daughters had already started dating, but joked that he was “pretty relaxed” about the prospect because the family still have secret service protection. “They’ve had the secret service. There’s only so much these guys can do,” he said. Menu for first meal served on Titanic sells for £100,000 A LUNCH menu of spring lamb and pastries that was the first meal served on the RMS Titanic has sold for £100,000 at auction. The lunch – including sweetbreads – was served during the liner’s sea trials on April 2 in 1912, 12 days before the ship hit an iceberg. The menu belonged to Second Officer Charles Lightoller, the most senior surviving officer from the Titanic, who died aged 78 in 1952. He gave the menu to his wife as a souvenir before he left from Southampton on April 10 in 1912, four days before disaster struck. Officer Lightoller, from Chorley, Lancs stayed on board the doomed ship until blown into the freezing sea by a rush of warm air as a boiler exploded. He clung to a capsized boat with 30 others until their rescue – 1,522 passengers and crew died. Among other items under the hammer at auctioneers Henry Aldridge and Son in Devizes, Wilts, was a key to the doomed vessel’s chart room that sold for £78,000. A third class steward’s badge, which was worn by Thomas Mullin, fetched £57,000. The badge was found with his body. In 2012 a menu of the first dinner served to first-class passengers on the Titanic on April 10 1912 sold for £46,000 at auction. ‘I remember leaving and thinking I don’t want to come back here and I didn’t for a few years’ was the same day as the Grand National, that they had got over Becher’s Brook and that her son was with the woman that he loved.” He added: “As we’ve seen with our current Queen, she’s been a great Queen because she’s been assisted absolutely brilliantly by her husband the Duke of Edinburgh. And when the Prince of Wales eventually becomes our king, with my aunt next to him, he will be a great king.” u The Real Camilla: HRH The Duchess of Cornwall airs tonight at 9pm on ITV. A ROYAL biographer has said he regrets revealing the Queen’s love of George Formby to the world, saying she is now doomed to hear ukulele music wherever she goes. Gyles Brandreth, a friend of the Royal family who has written extensively on the Queen and Duke of Edinburgh, said Formby’s songs had become the “go-to repertoire” for anyone hoping to entertain the Queen. Writing after the Royal Albert Hall concert to celebrate the Queen’s 92nd birthday, where the George Formby Fan Club led by Frank Skinner, Harry Hill and Ed Balls played When I’m Cleaning Windows, he said he must accept responsibility for the choice. “I’m sure the Queen does enjoy George Formby, but I am not sure he’s her ‘one and only’,” Brandreth said. “That will make no difference. Once it’s in print there’s no escape. “From now on in, whenever the Queen and music are mentioned together, George Formby will be part of the story. She will have ukulele music wherever she goes.” The birthday concert was attended by the Queen, Prince of Wales, Duchess of Cornwall, Duke of Cambridge, Prince Harry, Meghan Markle, the Duke of York, Princess Beatrice, Princess Eugenie, the Earl and Countess of Wessex, the Princess Royal and Sir Timothy Laurence, along with other members of the extended Royal family. Performers at the concert, intended to celebrate the Commonwealth, included Sir Tom Jones, Kylie Minogue, Shawn Mendes, Sting and Shaggy, with many viewers wondering whether they were really to the Queen’s taste. Some viewers also proclaimed themselves confused over the lack of the national anthem, with concert-goers instead giving the Queen a prolonged standing ovation as she took her seat at the Royal Albert Hall. Where they expected to hear God Save the Queen, they were treated to a country song from Kylie Minogue, accompanied by dancing cowboys. Organisers said it was not an oversight, but a deliberate decision. Royal sources said the evening was recognised as an “informal occasion”, while those working on the show for the BBC insisted they had been assured the anthem was not a “requirement”. Michael Lake, director of the Royal Commonwealth Society which worked to put the event together, said the concert was “meant to have the feel of a family birthday party”, with a view being taken that the anthem “did not fit with that sensitivity”. Concert review: Page 27 8 ** Monday 23 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph News Police forces still racist, says Sentamu, 25 years on from Lawrence murder POLICE forces across Britain are still guilty of institutional racism 25 years after the murder of Stephen Lawrence, the Archbishop of York has suggested. Dr John Sentamu said the recommendations made by the Macpherson report, following the racist murder of the black teenager, needed to be revisited and lessons still needed to be learnt. Speaking on the 25th anniversary of Stephen’s murder in south-east London, Dr Sentamu – who was the Bishop of Stepney at the time – said the murder still had a “chilling effect” on Britain. And he said it was time to look again at the findings of the Macpherson report, and consider where areas of policing could be improved. He told Sunday on BBC Radio 4: “I think the 72 recommendations, which were accepted by the then Home Secretary, and there was an action plan … I’m afraid it needs to be revisited by every police service so that they learn.” Archbishop of York Dr John Sentamu says that important lessons in the Macpherson report still need to be learnt When asked what needed to be done to improve attitudes that may be considered racist, he said: “I think it is a question of greater training, people need to be more vigilant and they need to realise that if you stereotype people, you end up disadvantaging them.” Stephen was set upon by a gang of white racists at a bus stop in Eltham in April 1993. Prince Harry and Meghan Markle will attend a memorial service today, where they will deliver a personal message of support to the family from his father, the Prince of Wales. The Prince will read his father’s message, which is expected to express his sympathy and acknowledge the courage and dignity of the Lawrence family, at the service in St Martin-in-the-Fields. The Prince and Ms Markle will meet Stephen’s mother, Baroness Lawrence, and his brother, Stuart, at the event to “celebrate his life and legacy”, including the charitable trust set up in his name. The Prince of Wales, who delivered the annual Stephen Lawrence Memorial Lecture in 2000, was invited because of his interest in the built environment reflects Stephen’s ambition to be an architect. The police investigation into the murder was flawed with detectives failing to arrest the main suspects and gather vital evidence. The Macpherson report later accused the Metropolitan Police of being “institutionally racist”. After a lengthy campaign for justice by Stephen’s parents, Doreen and Neville Lawrence, David Norris and Gary Dobson were found guilty of murder in 2012, but of the other suspects three remain at large. CHARLOTTE GRAHAM; NICHOLAS RAZZELL; STEVE BAINBRIDGE / MIRRORPIX By Martin Evans CRIME CORRESPONDENT Neville Lawrence revisits the scene where Stephen, above, was killed. He spoke of his shock at the soaring rate of knife crime: ‘I am so sad this has escalated,’ he said ‘I’m afraid the report needs to be revisited by every police service so that they learn’ Dropping hard-to-read books will produce a happy ending u Reader’s guilt at abandoning a book half way through should be done away with, according to The Reading Agency, as it advised simply putting down any novel that does not bring you pleasure. A poll by the literary charity of 2,000 people found more than a fifth of readers (22 per cent) refused to give up on a book, no matter how much they were struggling, while others will wait weeks, or even months, before conceding defeat. The most common novel to not be finished was Fifty Shades of Grey by EL James, followed by JRR Tolkien’s The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring and Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix by JK Rowling. The Reading Agency, which commissioned the survey to mark World Book Night today, suggested that anyone who finds themselves facing “book block” should simply drop what they are reading. It said: “You should never force yourself to read something you’re not enjoying.” Two fifths of children worry about levels of air pollution u Children as young as six are worried about the health impacts of air pollution, a YouGov survey has found. More than two fifths of children polled who lived in towns and cities were concerned about the levels. The poll, carried out for Sustrans, the walking and cycling charity, surveyed more than 1,000 children aged six to 15 about their attitudes towards air pollution and the actions they think should be taken to help clean up the air. More than one in three thought encouraging more people to cycle, scoot or walk to school was the best way to reduce levels of air pollution. The number of children who said they were concerned about air pollution rose to over half, (53 per cent), in London. More than one in three thought that politicians were most responsible for bringing down levels of air pollution while 29 per cent believed drivers should take responsibility themselves. Convict coders learn to make apps Pay students a living wage, says union u Prisoners are developing apps that will be sold to the public, it has emerged. A report by HM Chief Inspector of Prisons said that inmates at the 1,000-capacity HMP Humber in East Yorkshire achieved “industry-standard skills” in the jail’s computer coding workshop, the first of its kind in the UK. The workshop, which has around 20 computers was hailed as a “success” at the category C training prison. “The prison had introduced a well-equipped workshop for prisoners to develop computer and smartphone apps by writing computer code,” the report revealed. “Prisoners benefited from teaching by outside experts via electronic communication, as well as the prison’s instructor. Prisoners worked enthusiastically and were aware they were developing skills that were in demand in the job market.” u The Government should introduce a minimum living income for students to ensure financial pressures do not dissuade them from university or college, a review has suggested. The National Union of Students (NUS) said working class students face major barriers hindering their ability to enrol in post-16 education in England. The NUS report proposes the Government introduce a minimum living income, but does not say how much this should be. Shakira Martin, the NUS president, said: “Being born workingclass is one of the biggest barriers to education.” A Department for Education spokesman said: “Our reforms to higher, further and technical education are going further than any before to make sure that every young person can fulfil their potential, whatever their background.” Four British pilgrims die and 12 hurt in Saudi road crash u Four Britons have died and 12 others were injured in a coach crash while on a pilgrimage to Mecca. A woman aged in her 60s from Blackburn, an elderly woman and her adult son, from Preston, and an elderly man, also from Preston, died in the crash near the town of Al Khalas, said Hashim Travel, a Blackburn-based travel firm. The group was travelling from Mecca to Medina on an Umrah pilgrimage. The Umrah is a Muslim pilgrimage to Saudi Arabia undertaken at any time of the year, compared to the Hajj, which must be done on certain dates of the Islamic calendar. Hashim Travel said that the coach that the four Britons were travelling on was hit by a fuel tanker, which then caught fire and set the bus alight. The driver of the petrol tanker is also said to have died, while other coach passengers were treated for fractures. It is understood that a young child is among the injured. ** The Daily Telegraph Monday 23 April 2018 9 News Martin Lewis to sue over Facebook’s fake adverts By Olivia Rudgard SOCIAL AFFAIRS CORRESPONDENT MARTIN LEWIS, the founder of MoneySavingExpert, is to sue Facebook over scam advertisements using his image. The financial commentator is claiming defamation after allegations that the site is publishing fake adverts that convince vulnerable people to hand over thousands of pounds to criminals. He said the company had hosted more than 50 of the adverts and that it had failed to act because it was motivated by “greed”. Mr Lewis said the legal action, due to be launched today, was the result of months of frustration with scammers who were piggybacking on his reputation and preying on Facebook users with outlandish get-rich-quick scams. Fans have handed over thousands of pounds in good faith, only to find the advert has nothing to do with Mr Lewis or his company. “Vulnerable people are the ones being scammed and the ones being hurt,” he told The Daily Telegraph. “It has to take some responsibility. Facebook has become this big agglomerated organisation where no one seems to take care and responsibility.” Facebooks terms and conditions for adverts include the line: “Adverts must not contain deceptive, false, or misleading content, including deceptive claims, offers, or business practices.” Mr Lewis said the legal action was not designed to win the case itself, but to force the company to change its policy on advertising, for example by hav- Martin Lewis has said he has had to repeatedly contact Facebook about adverts falsely using his image ing inbuilt settings notifying wellknown people every time their image has been used in an advert, requiring their approval. He has repeatedly reported the advert, only for new, almost identical ones to appear days later. “I don’t do ads, so an ad with me in it does not have my permission,” he said. “It’s distressing, and genuinely makes me feel sick when I hear someone has lost money because of this.” Mark Lewis, his solicitor, said: “Facebook is not above the law – it cannot hide outside the UK and think that it is untouchable. “Exemplary damages are being sought. This means we will ask the court to ensure they are substantial enough that Facebook can’t simply see paying out damages as just the ‘cost of business’ and carry on regardless.” Facebook said: “We do not allow adverts that are misleading or false on Facebook and have explained to Martin Lewis that he should report any adverts that infringe his rights and they will be removed. “We are in direct contact with his team, offering to help and promptly investigating their requests, and only last week confirmed that several adverts and accounts that violated our advertising policies had been taken down.” Surge in demand to delete social media accounts By Sarah Knapton SCIENCE EDITOR By Francesca Marshall CYBERBULLYING makes young people more than twice as likely to harm themselves or attempt suicide, a study has shown. The growth of social media has left many young people vulnerable to online bullying. Around one third of young people claim to have been victims, and the research suggests it can have damaging and deadly consequences. Researchers at the universities of Oxford, Swansea and Birmingham, led by Prof Ann John from Swansea University, reviewed previous studies that involved more than 150,000 young people under the age of 25 across 30 countries over a 21-year period. They found that cyberbullying raised the risk of self-harm or suicidal behaviour 2.3 times. The researchers said that young cyberbullying victims should be screened for common mental disorders and self harm. Prof John said: “Suicide prevention and intervention is essential within any comprehensive anti-bullying programme and should incorporate a whole-school approach to include awareness raising and training for staff and pupils”. The research was published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research. u Tobias Ellwood, the defence minister, banned his children from using all mobile devices while on holiday, saying he fears we are all “addicted” to our gadgets. Liz Truss, the Chief Secretary to the Treasury, said she locked up her daughter’s phone to control her use. THE number of people searching “how to delete Facebook” online has doubled in the wake of the Cambridge Analytica scandal. The reputation of Facebook has suffered greatly after it emerged that around 50 million users worldwide had their data accessed – with about one million victims based in the UK. A new study carried out by Virtual Private Network (VPN), a data firm, found that searches for “delete Facebook” had risen by 101 per cent in the UK in March compared with the previous month. Across the country, “delete Facebook” was looked up most widely in London, with searches increasing by 139 per cent from 16,027 to 38,370. Simon Migliano, head of research at VPN, told the Evening Standard: “The Cambridge Analytica data breach has confirmed the long-held suspicions of many social media users that their personal data is being used for various means without their explicit consent. “The backlash against what many would consider an egregious use of powers was immediate – with thousands of users in impacted countries swiftly looking to distance themselves from data-hungry sites like Facebook. “The rocketing of search terms like ‘delete Facebook’ is evidence of a digital uprising of sorts against what has become the accepted norm in the last decade.” Brighton came in second place, climbing by 129 per cent, while Bristol rose by 111 per cent. Fourth was Edinburgh, rising 98 per cent, then Sunderland, up 95 per cent. Editorial Comment: Page 19 LEN COPLAND/SWNS.COM Cyberbullying doubles risk of self harm in young people Weird beards Gary Swain (above), Rob Hine (top right) and Paul Goad of the Wessex Beardsmen – a facial hair-themed social club founded in 2013 – were among the competitors at the Beard and Moustache Competition in Yeovil, Somerset. 10 *** Monday 23 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph News ‘Credible victim’ gave five different accounts Review after failed police investigation recommends dropping policy of always believing abuse cases By Martin Evans CRIME CORRESPONDENT AN ALLEGED fantasist known as “Nick”, gave five different accounts of VIP abuse to the police, but was still regarded as “credible and true”, it has emerged, as a recent review recommends dropping the policy of automatically believing “victims”. Under the current rules, police forces must say they believe a person who makes a complaint of rape or sexual assault, to give victims the confidence to come forward after an attack. That policy is now expected to be dropped after a string of allegedly malicious complaints were made against high-profile people including politicians and celebrities. Scotland Yard’s disastrous Operation Midland – which was launched when “Nick” claimed a VIP paedophile ring had raped and murdered boys in the Eighties – eventually closed without a single arrest having been made. The investigation, which cost £2.5 million, traduced the reputations of a number of public figures, includ- ing Sir Edward Heath, the former Prime Minister; Lord Brittan, the former Home Secretary; Lord Bramall, the war hero; and Harvey Proctor, the former Tory MP. A report by the College of Policing has revealed that Scotland Yard believed Nick, even though he gave detectives five different accounts of his alleged ordeal in six months. The information was contained in a redacted report published by Sir Richard Henriques, the retired High Court judge, but was revealed for the first time in the College of Policing review. Prosecutors are considering whether to bring charges against Nick for perverting the course of justice. Asst Com- missioner Rob Beckley, who carried out the review, has now recommended that forces drop the policy of automatically believing complainants. While the current policy reads: “The ‘They have not bothered to interview people whose lives have been ruined by these malicious allegations’ intention is that victims are believed”, he suggested it should be changed to state: “The intention is that victims can be confident they will be listened to and their crime taken seriously.” The decision to introduce a blanket policy of believing victims was introduced in the wake of the Jimmy Savile scandal, when it became clear that many assault victims, particularly children, had not been believed. But false allegations, against high profile figures such as Sir Cliff Richard, Paul Gambaccini, the broadcaster, and Lord Bramall, a D-Day veteran, have led for calls for a rethink. Recently, Cressida Dick, the Metropolitan Police Commissioner, signalled a change of approach by her force, but the national policy remains in place. A College of Policing spokesman said the review would need to go forward for consultation with victims’ groups and chief officers, before any final policy decision was made. But Mr Proctor, who lost his job and his home following the false claims against him, said the victims of malicious complaints should also be consulted. He said: “While I of course welcome this recommendation, it is long overdue. I am also very concerned that the College of Policing have interviewed lots of people regarding this policy, but they have not bothered to interview people like Sir Cliff Richard, or Paul Gambaccini or myself, whose lives have been ruined by these malicious allegations.” ISLANDVISIONS/BNPS Striking show This spectacular image of lightning firing down on beaches and fields in Dorset underlines the passing of the recent heatwave. Britain is set to return to April showers from today after the UK enjoyed some record-beating hot weather last week and over the weekend. This week’s temperatures are due to dip by 50F (10C) in some parts of the country with widespread rain. Last Thursday was the hottest April day for nearly 70 years, peaking at 84F (29.1C) in London. Weather: Page 32 Charity head investigated over Former Tory whip has not been alleged child sex abuse in Nepal questioned about rape, Met says Peter Dalglish with Justin Trudeau, the Canadian prime minister had been working in the country providing education and drinking water to poor communities with his charity. Under Nepalese law Mr Dalglish could be jailed for eight to 12 years if he were convicted of the allegations. Speaking to The Mail on Sunday, Pushkar Karki, director of the bureau, claimed that Mr Dalglish had persuaded By Martin Evans A FORMER Conservative whip who is being investigated over alleged sex offences, has not been questioned about rape, Scotland Yard has confirmed. Charlie Elphicke, 47, was suspended by the Conservative Party five months ago after sexual harassment allegations were made against him. The Dover MP, who is also a member of the Treasury select committee, was questioned last month by the Metropolitan Police over allegations of “sexual touching”. Yesterday, The Sunday Times reported that a woman had claimed she had been raped by him between 2015 and 2017. The married father-of-two has vehemently denied any wrongdoing and his solicitor has said no rape allegation has been raised at any time. In a statement issued on behalf of the MP, his solicitor said: “At no time has any allegation of this nature been Charlie Elphicke has been questioned by police over ‘sexual touching’ allegations raised. In addition, I was present when Mr Elphicke was interviewed by the police and I can confirm categorically that this is the case. “Moreover, had a credible allegation of this nature been made against my client, it is inconceivable that the police would not have questioned him about it by now, over five months later.” ‘Force stalkers to wear GPS trackers’ Bishops state transgender concerns By Martin Evans By Olivia Rudgard CONVICTED stalkers and domestic abusers should be made to wear GPS trackers to alert their victims when they are nearby, campaigners have suggested. The plan would mean anyone granted a restraining order against a former partner could be alerted through a phone app or another device if they were in the vicinity. The Victims’ Rights Campaign wants offenders to wear a transmitter which would send a signal to a receiver carried by the victim. A government consultation is considering tagging perpetrators to electronically monitor their movements. CATHOLIC bishops are “deeply concerned” about confusion caused by transgender ideology. Following a meeting in Leeds, the Bishops’ Conference of England and Wales said they “recognise that there are people who do not accept their biological sex”. While acknowledging “the idea that the individual is free to define himself or herself dominates discourse about gender… our human instinct is otherwise,” the bishops said in a statement. They added: “We are deeply concerned that this ideology of gender is creating confusion.” CHARLOTTE GRAHAM THE United Nations is investigating claims that a former senior official with links to a British charity sexually abused children in his care. Police in Nepal said they had found evidence that suggested Peter Dalglish, a Canadian, had been “targeting children from poor financial backgrounds and sexually abusing them”. They claimed Mr Dalglish was found in a room with two children in their early teens after they launched an early morning raid at his home in Nagarkot, near Kathmandu earlier this month. Mr Dalglish, 60, founded the charity Street Kids International and around 15 years ago also founded the Himalayan Community Foundation, which provides health care and education to remote communities in Nepal. A statement released by the country’s Central Investigation Bureau said that inquiries were continuing into Mr Dalglish’s behaviour. It added that he parents to entrust their children to him by offering to provide education for them as well as taking them abroad and finding them with jobs. During his 30-year career in aid work, Mr Dalglish has been with the World Food Programme, Unicef, and the World Health Organisation (WHO) as well as spending stints as a UN representative in Afghanistan and in Nepal. Unicef said it was reviewing its records, as did the World Food Programme. The WHO said it was “shocked” at the allegations but no complaints had been made to the organisation about Mr Dalglish. Street Kids International (SKI) is now part of Save the Children, which said he had never worked for it. “Save the Children acquired one of SKI’s programmes and some of its assets in 2015,” a spokesman said. Rahul Chapagain, Mr Dalglish’s lawyer, said: “Charges have not been filed but he denies the allegations. He will plead not guilty.” STEVE PARSONS By Daily Telegraph Reporter Day of the Cuckoo Bands perform at the Marsden Cuckoo Day Festival, celebrated in West Yorkshire to mark spring’s arrival. Scotland Yard also said the investigation at this stage was only one into allegations of “sexual touching”. A spokesman said: “On 12 March, 2018, a man was interviewed under caution, by appointment. The interview was in connection with an ongoing investigation being carried out by the Child Abuse and Sexual Offences Command into alleged offences of sexual touching.” Mr Elphicke was suspended from the Conservative Party and had the party whip removed on Nov 3. He has insisted he was unaware what the specific allegations against him were until he was questioned under caution last month. Keith Single, the Dover and Deal Conservative Association chairman, said: “Many people will rightly ask why Charlie was not questioned about this ‘allegation’ when interviewed by the police. Charlie is innocent until proven otherwise and continues to have our full support.” The Daily Telegraph Monday 23 April 2018 *** 11 12 *** Monday 23 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph ** The Daily Telegraph Monday 23 April 2018 13 News Carpetbaggers: clothes moths prefer the South, survey shows By Daily Telegraph Reporter CLOTHES moths favour the South, a survey by English Heritage has revealed as it warned the public to shake their woolly jumpers once a month. As part of the year-long survey, members of the public were asked to monitor clothes moths in their homes. Operation Clothes Moth was launched a year ago after English Heritage experts witnessed the numbers of common or webbing clothes moths double, and observed the appearance of the pale-backed clothes moth. They could pose a risk to the charity’s collection of historic wool carpets, tapestries and period clothing. The survey, which included thousands of traps being handed out at English Heritage sites and data from 42 counties being recorded, discovered an “alarmingly high” number of the new species, the pale-backed clothes moth. It also revealed that the reported catch of the common clothes moth was significantly higher in London and the South East, where an average 23 moths were found per trap, than anywhere else in England. The South West came second with an average of 17 moths per trap, while the East Midlands, North West and North East of the country recorded the lowest levels. According to the Operation Clothes Moth results, flats or apartments are more susceptible to clothes moths as they have shared walls. Clothes moth numbers were higher in older, pre-1950 properties as they have more voids, fireplaces and attics 23 The average number of moths found per trap in London and the South-East, more than anywhere else in England than modern houses, English Heritage said. Amber Xavier-Rowe, English Heritage’s head of collections conservation, said: “The response from the public has been brilliant and the data we’ve gathered has been invaluable in informing our understanding of the clothes moth threat. “Now that we know where the clothes moth concentration is the highest, we can put in place extra measures to ensure that our historic houses in these areas are fully protected and preserved for future generations.” She added: “It has really resonated with a lot of people who, yes, want to help us protect our collections but also to protect their favourite woolly jump- Self-healing salamander points to cure for paralysed Amphibian’s ability to regenerate spinal cord could potentially be recreated in humans By Sarah Knapton SCIENCE EDITOR AN ENDANGERED salamander may hold the key to helping paralysed people walk again, scientists believe. The axolotl, or Mexican salamander, has the astonishing ability to regenerate limbs and even its spinal cord if it has been injured. Now a study by the University of Minnesota has discovered how the amphibians achieve the feat, and how humans may be able to replicate the process. When an axolotl suffers a spinal cord injury, nearby glial cells begin proliferating rapidly, positioning themselves to rebuild connections between nerves and reconnect the injured spinal cord. By contrast, when a human suffers a spinal cord injury, the glial cells form scar tissue, which blocks nerves from ever reconnecting with each other. The US team discovered that a particular protein called c-Fos, which is carried by both salamanders and humans, is crucial for the regeneration process. However, in humans the protein is prevented from working by another family of proteins known as Juns, which trigger scar tissue formation. Scientists are hopeful that if they can create a drug to switch off the Jun proteins, that will allow the glial cells to grow back the spinal cord. “Humans have very limited capacity for regeneration, while other species like salamanders have the remarkable ability to functionally regenerate limbs, heart tissue and even the spinal cord after injury,” said Dr Karen Echeverri, the lead researcher and assistant professor in the department of genetics, cell biology and development at the University of Minnesota. “We have discovered that despite Dad’s the word Tom Daley has spoken about the difficulties of having a child via a surrogate in the UK, as he and his husband celebrated the imminent arrival of their son with a baby shower. The Olympic diver told Nick Robinson on the Andrew Marr Show: ‘The laws in the UK are different to the US. If a surrogate carries a baby, UK law recognises the surrogate and her partner as the parents.’ Daley and Black shared images on Instagram of them wearing ‘Oh baby’ glasses and ‘Daddy to be’ sashes. this difference in response to injury, these animals share many of the same genes with humans. This knowledge could be used to design new therapeutic targets for treating spinal cord injury or neurodegenerative diseases.” The spinal cord is a bundle of nerves and other tissue that extends from the brain’s base at the top of the neck down the length of the back. If it is damaged or injured, messages from the brain are disrupted, leading to partial or total loss of feeling or movement in limbs or internal organs below the injury. There are around 40,000 people living with spinal cord damage in Britain, and every year 1,000 people suffer a life-changing injury. The axolotl, which is also known as the Mexican walking fish, is native to The axolotl, also known as the Mexican salamander, can regenerate limbs and even spinal cord if it has been injured lakes near Mexico City, and grows to around nine inches in length. It can grow back lost limbs in just a few weeks, and even grow extra limbs. It can replace its lungs and parts of its brain if it suffers a head injury and it heals without any scarring. In the new study, researchers compared gene expressions in humans and salamanders to try to pinpoint where they were differing. “Our approach allows us to identify not just the mechanisms necessary to drive regeneration in salamanders but what is happening differently in humans in responses to injury,” said Miss Echeverri, who believes the breakthrough could help with a variety of injuries. The research was presented at the 2018 Experimental Biology Meeting in San Diego. Police join beekeepers in battle against swarms buzzing into town By Daily Telegraph Reporter POLICE have teamed up with beekeepers to catch swarms that are apparently terrorising the public. As temperatures rose last week, colonies of bees were seen breaking up into smaller swarms and creating new nests. Police have been working with beekeepers to help cordon off affected areas and clear the swarms safely. Gerry McDonald, chief inspector for East Herts, said: “As it gets warmer we get calls telling us about large swarms of bees. This is why this year we are working with the Beekeepers Association to find swarms and collect them and to help people at the same time. “Please call them if you see a swarm of bees and they will come and collect the swarm.” In May 2017, a large swarm descended on the centre of Bishop’s Stortford, Herts, filling the air with an enormous cloud of bees that caused panic among shoppers who ran for cover. Birdwatchers flock to spot rare American visitor By Sarah Knapton THE arrival of a rare American bittern to Britain has sparked a “mega-twitch” with thousands of birdwatchers descending on the Suffolk Broads to catch a glimpse of the elusive visitor. It is the first time in eight years that the bird has been sighted in the UK, with ornithologists speculating it was blown off course on its annual migration between North America and the Gulf of Mexico. The American bittern is usually difficult to spot because it is so well camouflaged with its tawny brown feathers that provide a perfect disguise at the ers.” English Heritage has also drawn up a guide, based on 20 years of practical experience protecting historic collections from insect pests, to help homeowners defend their homes from infestations. It is on sale tomorrow. The top tips for preventing clothes moth infestations include checking for moths in the creases, folds and behind labels of clothing, keeping items in vacuum bags, and taking out items from the wardrobe and giving them a good shake at least once a month to disturb the moths. edges of marshes and lakes. Like the native European bittern, its loud booming call is usually the first hint that it is present. Birdwatchers posted their images of the bird on Twitter. Andy Hale said he had caught sight of the American visitor after 30 hours of waiting, while David Walsh said he had made three visits to the marshes and spent 15 and a half hours watching. Mr Walsh said: “I finally saw the American bittern at Carlton Marshes. What a relief.” The bittern’s chosen landing spot was the site of Britain’s newest national nature reserve. The Suffolk Wildlife The American bittern at Carlton Marshes in Suffolk Trust has now been awarded more than £4 million from the Heritage Lottery Fund to use 348 acres of land surrounding Carlton Marshes to create a 1,000-acre wild landscape. Sir David Attenborough, president emeritus of The Wildlife Trusts, who supported the bid said: “England’s wildlife is under great and ever-growing pressure. It is vital that we restore our land on a landscape scale so that it can support more wild plants and animals. “Suffolk Wildlife Trust’s ambition to extend Carlton and Oulton Marshes is a unique opportunity to do just this and it has my wholehearted support.” More help for the children of alcoholics ST GEORGE’S DAY will become a national holiday under a Labour government, Jeremy Corbyn will announce today. The Labour leader is expected to tell a conference in Bournemouth that Britain’s workers deserve a day off after eight years of austerity. The party said making it a public holiday will “celebrate our country’s tradition of fairness, inclusivity and social justice”. Labour also plans to hold UK-wide public holidays on St David’s Day, on March 1, St Patrick’s Day, on March 17, and St Andrew’s Day, on November 30. “These holidays will be a chance for workers to spend time with their families, in their communities and with their friends. But they will also be a chance to celebrate the national cultures of our proud nations,” said Mr Corbyn. CHILDREN suffering at the hands of alcoholic parents will be offered a lifeline under plans to provide them with quick access to support and advice. An estimated 200,000 children in England live with alcohol-dependent parents, with the NSPCC reporting a 16 per cent rise in calls relating to drink or drug abuse in recent years. The measures unveiled by the Government include fast access to mental health services and support for families where there is a dependent drinker. There is also funding to more quickly identify and support children who are at risk. The plans will receive £6 million in joint funding. Local authorities will be invited to bid for a portion of £4.5 million based on local need, with priority given to areas where more children are affected. KEITH HODGINS/PA Labour backs a St George public holiday Fresh from the pod Onlookers described spotting killer whales in the Clyde over the weekend as a once-in-a-lifetime experience. Dr Michael Cook, chairman of the Hertford and Ware Beekeeping Association, said the purpose of removing the bees from where they were originally found was to stop the swarm heading back to familiar territory and sources of food. He added: “We have around 40 people who are on the swarm collection list. When we get information about a swarm we go and assess it. “If it is a swarm, we put traffic cones around the site and white and red tape to stop people going into the area. We collect the swarm but we don’t take them away immediately. We keep them in a box and wait for the feeder bees to return, then we take them away.” Once collected by the beekeepers, the insects are examined to check their health and are then passed on to professional beekeepers to look after. Once a swarm is removed from a populated area it is transferred to a safer “quarantined area” to prevent any return in future. 14 ** Monday 23 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph World news Macron to tell Trump ‘there is no Plan B’ over Iran’s nuclear deal By Rob Crilly in New York EMMANUEL MACRON will meet Donald Trump today carrying a message that the United States must remain committed to a flawed nuclear deal with Iran because there is no “Plan B”. In an interview on the eve of his trip to Washington as the first foreign leader to be afforded a full state visit by the American president, his French counterpart discussed his reputation as the “Trump whisperer” and his hopes for averting a trade war. He also insisted that the US was committed to rebuilding Syria, warning that Mr Trump’s threat to withdraw could leave the door open to Iran. Iran and the issue of alliance-building are expected to dominate his meetings with Mr Trump who is known for his unilateralist instincts. Officials say they will discuss Iran tomorrow ahead of a May 12 deadline for Mr Trump to decide whether to reimpose sanctions and scuttle the Iran deal, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). Mr Macron said the deal was not perfect but he would implore Mr Trump not to abandon it for fear of turning Iran into another North Korea. “What is Plan B? I don’t have any Plan B for nuclear against Iran,” he said, but added he agreed with Mr Trump that more must be done to rein in Tehran’s development of ballistic missiles and its meddling across the Middle East. “My point is to say don’t leave now, the JCPOA, as long as you don’t have a better option for nuclear, and let’s complete it with ballistic missile and regional containment,” he said. The 2015 deal between Iran, the US, the UK and four other world powers unpicked Tehran’s nuclear programme in return for sanctions relief. Mr Trump has repeatedly called it one of the worst deals ever and it has grated with him to have had to periodically endorse it. At the weekend, the Iranian foreign minister threatened “drastic action” if the US withdrew. “America never should have feared Iran producing a nuclear bomb, but we will pursue vigorously our nuclear enrichment,” he said in New York where he is attending the United Nations general assembly. Mr Macron has emerged as a leading ally of Mr Trump at a time when many world leaders have kept their distance. Although Mr Macron has faced criticism for his stance at home, his prize is to be feted in Washington with an address to Congress and the full pomp of a state dinner tomorrow. He explained his “Trump whisperer” nickname as being the result of their shared experience of unexpected election victories. “We have a very special relationship because both of us are probably the mavericks of the system on both sides,” he said. At the same time, he said he hoped Mr Trump would drop his plans for tariffs on aluminium and steel and said he was bringing a wider message that the president needed allies if he was to pursue his interests. “It’s too complicated if you make war against everyone,” he said. “You make trade war against China, trade war against Europe, war in Syria, war against Iran. Come on. It doesn’t work. You need allies. We are the ally.” He also issued a stark warning of more war and instability if Mr Trump made good on recent promises to pull out of Syria as soon as possible. ‘It’s too complicated if you make war against everyone. It doesn’t work. You need allies. We are the ally’ “If we leave … we will leave the floor to the Iranian regime, Bashar al-Assad and these guys, and they will prepare the new war,” he said. “They will fuel the new terrorists.” According to Le Monde, Elysee sources said Mr Macron maintains that “the signs are not encouraging” about the chances of convincing Mr Trump to change tack on Iran. Sources acknowledged that they “don’t expect a diplomatic breakthrough” during the visit. u Abdolrahim Mousavi, Iran’s army leader, has threatened to “annihilate” Israel as tensions escalated between the two countries. “Hands are on the trigger and missiles are ready and will be launched at any moment that the enemy tries to carry out its sinister plot against (our) lands,” Tasnim news agency quoted him as saying. Since the beginning of this year Israel has expanded its involvement in Syria, increasingly targeting Iran directly, and is thought to be behind a strike earlier this month, that killed seven Iranian military advisers. REUTERS/TONY GENTILE French president will be the first foreign leader to be afforded a full state visit by his US counterpart Editorial Comment: Page 19 President tones down optimism over N Korea By Rob Crilly DONALD TRUMP last night moved to dampen heightened expectations of a rapid nuclear deal with North Korea, saying the issue was far from over. Excitement at the prospect of an end to tensions with the rogue state has risen ever since Mr Trump stunned the world by accepting an invitation to meet Kim Jong-un, the country’s leader. On Saturday, Pyongyang announced it was suspending weapons tests and closing its nuclear testing site. “Wow, we haven’t given up anything and they have agreed to denuclearisation (so great for world), site closure, and no more testing,” was Mr Trump’s immediate response. But yesterday the American president sounded an uncharacteristic note of caution on Twitter. Mr Trump wrote: “We are a long way from conclusion on North Korea, maybe things will work out, and maybe they won’t – only time will tell.” In fact, Kim had not included a promise to rid his country of existing nuclear weapons, and analysts remained doubtful he would give up the missiles he believed guaranteed his regime’s survival. Mr Trump’s comments reportedly surprised White House officials, who Boxing legend Jack Johnson may get posthumous pardon By Rob Crilly DONALD TRUMP says he is considering a posthumous pardon for Jack Johnson, more than 100 years after the first black heavyweight boxing champion of the world was convicted of transporting a white woman across state lines. The case – exposing America’s Jim Crow [the historical enforcer of racial segregation in the South] past – is a cause célèbre among race activists and boxing aficionados. Now the intervention of Sylvester Stallone, the Rocky actor, may have won him an unlikely ally. “Stallone called me with the story of heavyweight boxing champion Jack Johnson. His trials and tribulations were great, his life complex and controversial,” said Mr Trump on Twitter at the weekend. “Others have looked at this over the years, most thought it would be done, but yes, I am considering a full pardon!” Johnson’s 79-8 record of wins over losses made him a fighting phenome- non and one of the first black celebrity athletes. Today, his name is mentioned among the greats such as Muhammad Ali and Joe Louis. But when he was crowned heavyweight champion of the world in 1908 after defeating a string of white boxers, his success brought him enemies as well as adulation. A lavish lifestyle and refusal to accept social norms – by dating outside his race – fuelled criticism. In 1913, he was convicted by a white jury of violating the Mann Act, which made it illegal to transport women across state lines for “immoral purposes”. Sentenced to a year in prison, he fled the country and lost his title after a bout in Cuba in 1915. He died in 1946 and his story was turned into The Great White Hope, a film named after the appeal that went out to find a challenger to defeat him and starring James Earl Jones. His supporters have always maintained the conviction was racially motivated but attempts to pass legislation to secure a pardon have so far failed in Congress. ‘We are a long way from conclusion on North Korea, maybe things will work out, and maybe they won’t’ Trump: cautious language on Twitter had expected some kind of confidencebuilding words before the planned summit. They expressed their scepticism to The Washington Post, suggesting Kim was offering modest pledges to create the “illusion” that he was open to negotiation but which could easily be reversed. Regional experts suggested Mr Trump would do well to point out that New year cheer Thailand’s Mon people celebrate in Bangkok during the Songkran parade, a part of Songkran Water Festival to mark the Thai New Year. Songkran also marks the end of the dry season – April is Thailand’s hottest month – and the beginning of the annual rains. Many Thais visit their local temple to pray and to wash their Buddha icons. North Korea was unlikely to give up its weapons after spending decades developing a deterrent. Nam Sung-wook, a professor of North Korean Studies at Korea University in Seoul, said: “North Korea has a long history of raising the issue of denuclearisation and has committed to freeze its nuclear weapons programmes in the past. “We all remember how those pledges and commitments went down over past decades.” However, the current rapprochement still marks a stark change from last year, when the two leaders swapped insults and threatened war. ** The Daily Telegraph Monday 23 April 2018 15 World news Ground control Newly ordained priests lie on the floor as Pope Francis leads a mass in St Peter’s Basilica at the Vatican yesterday. The pontiff ordained the 16 men, from various countries around the world, as deacons. Germany puts gold on display as it brings reserves back home By Barbara Woolsey in Berlin GERMANY’S central bank, the Bundesbank, has opened an exhibition of its hefty gold reserves, after recalling half of its bullion from foreign vaults. Worth €117 billion (£103 billion) and weighing in at 3,400 tons, Germany’s stockpile is the world’s second-largest after the US, and some of it is now on display at the Money Museum at the Deutsche Bundesbank in Frankfurt, the country’s financial hub. The exhibition is the first time the public have had a chance to sneak a peek of its mighty gold stash, and features gold ingots and historical coins, including the longest-lived coin in the world – the ducat – which was introduced in 1284 and is still being minted to this day. To keep its gold out of Soviet hands in case of a possible invasion during the Cold War, as well as for other historical reasons, bars of the precious metal were stored in the treasuries of central banks in New York, London and Paris. During that time, the West German government shipped off 98 per cent of its gold reserves. In 2012, a secret report from the Federal Audit Office was made public, in which bank officials were criticised for not carrying out regular spot checks on the stash. A year later, the Bundesbank announced it would bring home half of its 270,000 bars, citing a shift in geopolitical context. Some analysts argued the real reason for recalling the gold was mounting public and political pressure, particularly in the context of the Eurozone debt crisis, when gold was considered a Gold bars at the exhibition Gold Treasures at the Deutsche Bundesbank at the German Money Museum in Frankfurt safe haven. The gold was repatriated through a series of clandestine shipments from the US Federal Reserve, the Bank of England and the Banque de France. By the end of last year, half of the reserve had been returned. The entire reserve in France – 90 tons – was transported to Frankfurt, while just over 1,200 tons remain in New York and around 430 in London as safeguards to buy foreign cash in case of a currency crisis. The bullion is now kept in a secret location in the bank’s basement in Frankfurt, guarded around the clock by the German federal police. Germany’s riches were earned after the Second World War when exports surged, resulting in large trade surpluses with other nations. These surpluses were converted into gold under the Bretton Woods system. The German affinity for gold is in part a vestige of the hyperinflation which rocked the Weimar Republic in the Twenties. Germans are known for being conservative with money, steering clear of taking on debt and preferring to pay cash rather than using plastic. Merkel critic is new party leader of chancellor’s coalition partners By Barbara Woolsey A FORMER party rebel was elected as the leader of Germany’s Social Democrats yesterday, presenting a further challenge to Angela Merkel over the European Union. Andrea Nahles, 47, a career politician, became the SPD’s first female head in its 155-year history. She is tasked with spearheading a rejuvenation of the party’s workingclass support base after it suffered embarrassing low results in the September Sarkozy heads signatures on French anti-Semitism manifesto By Henry Samuel in Paris NICOLAS SARKOZY, the former French president, and Gérard Depardieu, the actor and star of Green Card, were among 300 public figures who signed a manifesto against the “quiet ethnic cleansing” of Jews in France after a wave of murders. In a declaration published in Le Parisien yesterday, the group from across the political spectrum attacked what it called a worrying “new anti-Semitism” in France, driven by rising Islamist radicalism particularly in working-class neighbourhoods. It accused the media of remaining silent and elements of parts of the Left of seeking to justify such violence as “the expression of social revolt” for political gain. The manifesto came a week after members of the Jewish community in the UK lodged more than 1,000 official complaints calling on Labour to investigate Jeremy Corbyn over anti-Semi- tism. At around half a million, France has Europe’s largest Jewish population. The manifesto reads: “In our recent history, 11 Jews have been assassinated by radical Islamists because they were Jewish. We demand that the fight against this democratic failure that is anti-Semitism becomes a national cause before it’s too late. Before France is no longer France.” Signatories also included Charles Aznavour, the veteran singer, and Bertrand Delanoë, former mayor of Paris. Hero disarms semi-naked man who killed four people REUTERS/SOE ZEYA TUN By Rob Crilly POLICE yesterday praised the bravery of a quick-thinking diner who snatched an assault rifle from a near-naked gunman who shot dead four people at a restaurant in Nashville. Officers said the death toll could have been much worse were it not for the actions of James Shaw. Mr Shaw, 29, said he did not feel like a hero but had just been trying to protect himself. “I was just trying to get myself out. I saw the opportunity and pretty much took it,” he told The Tennesseean newspaper. Witnesses said the gunman, who wore only a green jacket, opened fire with an AR-15 style rifle in the car park of the Waffle House restaurant, killing two people. He then moved inside and shot two more people. Mr Shaw had arrived at the restaurant with friends at about 2.30am after a fraternity house party. He said he had tried to find refuge near the lavatories after being grazed by a bullet but spotted his opportunity when the gunman entered and needed to reload. “When he came in, I distinctively remember thinking that he is going to have to work for this kill,” he said. “I had a chance to stop him and thankfully I stopped him.” A witness told CNN: “Had that guy Travis Reinking, who police were searching for in connection with a fatal shooting at the Waffle House restaurant, Nashville reloaded, there were plenty more people who probably could have not made it home this morning.” Police named the suspect as Travis Reinking, 29, who was believed to live near the restaurant. They said he may have discarded his jacket before fleeing on foot and warned that he should be considered extremely dangerous. Nashville police identified those killed as Taurean C. Sanderlin, 29; Joe R. Perez, 20; Akilah Dasilva, 23; and Deebony Groves, 21. Andrea Nahles is the first female SPD leader 2017 election. Ms Nahles has also been critical of Mrs Merkel’s position on eurozone reform, accusing the German chancellor of breaking the terms of her CDU party’s coalition with the SPD. Referring to the rebuilding of the SPD, Ms Nahles told delegates at the congress where the vote took place in the western city of Wiesbaden: “We will succeed ... that is my promise.” If this is Mrs Merkel’s final term in office, as expected, the new SPD leader could be poised to make a future bid to run Germany. 16 ** Monday 23 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph The ‘Oliver Twist’ pupils at risk of Islamist recruiters Dispatch By Colin Freeman in Maiduguri A t the Goni Habib madrassa in the Nigerian city of Maiduguri, the hardest lesson takes place not in the classroom, but out in the streets. Every morning, lunchtime and evening, between gruelling hours of Koranic rote-learning, each pupil puts down his ancient quill pen, grabs a plastic bowl, and puts on a pleading expression. Then they head out to beg for their keep – for an hour between lessons after dawn, three hours late morning, and two hours in the evening. “The families who send their children here are very poor and there are too many for the school to feed them,” said Ousman Habib, who has more than 300 pupils aged five to 15 in his care. “Begging is the only way.” Part boarding school, part Dickensian poor house, there are thousands of madrassas like Mr Habib’s all over northern Nigeria, offering a rudimentary Islamic education to millions of children who would otherwise get no schooling at all. Conditions, though, are as hard as anything in Oliver Twist. The children in Mr Habib’s care wear rags, not uniforms, and sleep dozens to a room in cell-like, earth-floored shacks. The hours they spend begging for their keep also put them within the clutches of local Fagins – and in northern Nigeria, that means more than just pickpockets or robbers. The madrassa beggars – known as almajiri – have also become prime recruitment targets for Boko Haram, whose terror campaign has claimed 20,000 lives in the last decade. Many of the group’s original followers are thought to have been almajiri students, including Abubakr Shekau, the senior commander whose kidnapping of the Chibok schoolgirls in 2014 brought Boko Haram to world attention. Mr Habib, 50, says his own madrassa has never been targeted, but others in the city have fallen under radical control. “My own children I keep a close eye on, but in some other madrassas, it’s a different story”, he said. “I have heard stories about Boko Haram taking over madrassas completely.” Nigeria’s madrassas began as a means of educating the Muslim poor, for whom mainstream schooling was either unaffordable or unwanted. As with many madrassas in the Middle LEKE ALABI-ISAMA FOR THE TELEGRAPH World news Ousman Habib, top left, has 300 children aged five to 15 in his care at a madrassa in Maiduguri, northern Nigeria. The school teaches children the Koran and has to send them out to beg for their survival East and Asia, they focused almost entirely on Koranic Arabic and religious study, often with a hard-line, anti-Western interpretation of Islam. The practice of begging is part of a tradition of alms-giving, designed to foster public generosity to the pious. But in modern times, the sheer number of almajiri on the streets has become unsustainable. According to Nigerian government estimates, there are anything up to nine million almajiri in northern Nigeria, their numbers growing as the insurgency rages through the country. In many cities, they are viewed as just another tribe of troublesome street urchins. Mr Habib, whose pupils include 20 children orphaned by the conflict, says they face open hostility as they tour Maiduguri with their begging bowls. “People will shout at them or beat them,” he said. “I have lost count of the times my pupils have come home with arms or legs badly hurt – they’ve even been knocked unconscious.” Street Child, a British charity working with youngsters in north-east Nigeria, said the number of child beggars had reached crisis point. ‘I teach my children that if anyone gives them money to do something bad, they should be suspicious’ ‘I have lost count of the times my pupils have come home with arms or legs badly hurt – they’ve even been knocked unconscious’ Suicide bomber kills 57 at Kabul centre By Our Foreign Staff A SUICIDE bomber killed at least 57 people, including women and children, and wounded 112 outside a voter registration centre in Kabul yesterday. The attack underscores growing concerns about security in the lead-up to Afghanistan’s legislative elections scheduled for Oct 20, and seen as a testrun for next year’s presidential poll. Both the health and interior ministries confirmed the latest toll for the attack, which was claimed by the the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (Isil) via Amaq, its propaganda arm. “They are civilians, including women and children,” said Najib Danish, interior ministry spokesman. The centre, in a heavily Shia-populated neighbourhood in the west of the city, was also being used by people to register for national identification certificates, needed to sign up to vote. Sheets of paper and passport-sized photos lay scattered amid shattered glass and pools of blood on the street near badly damaged cars – grim evidence of the force of the blast that drew international condemnation. “This senseless violence shows the cowardice and inhumanity of the enemies of democracy and peace in Afghanistan,” John Bass, the US ambassador, wrote on Twitter. Nato also condemned the bombing. A witness to the attack told Tolo TV: “Now we know the government cannot A man cries beside a girl injured in the suicide attack that targeted people in Kabul registering to vote provide us security: we have to get armed and protect ourselves.” Elsewhere, a roadside explosion in the northern province of Baghlan yesterday killed six people, including three women and two children. Ashraf Ghani, Afghanistan’s president, condemned both attacks as “heinous”. Afghanistan began registering voters on April 14 for the long-delayed legislative elections. Over the next two months, authorities hope to register up to 14 million adults. MP detained after hostile TV interview with Armenian PM By Helen Nianias ARMENIAN police yesterday detained an opposition MP after 10 days of antigovernment protests and accusations of a power grab levied against Serzh Sargsyan, the prime minister. Nikol Pashinyan was picked up by officers at a demonstration in Yerevan, following a televised interview between him and Mr Sargsyan, which the prime minister cut short. Police said: “Despite repeated calls to stop illegal rallies, Pashinyan continued leading a demonstration”. It added that he and two other opposition politicians “were forcibly taken from the site”. The prosecutor general’s office said that Mr Pashinyan and the other two “were detained as they were committing socially dangerous acts”. As an MP, Mr Pashinyan is protected by parliamentary immunity and cannot be arrested without the approval of lawmakers. His whereabouts are currently unclear. His detention came on the 10th day of mass protests against Mr Sargsyan, who became prime minister on April 17 after two five-year terms as president. In 2015, Mr Sargsyan tabled a controversial reform handing the main powers to the prime minister, a move that opposition supporters consider a power grab. Mr Pashinyan challenged Mr Sargsyan to a debate at a hotel in Yerevan yesterday, during which the prime minister said he was pleased the protest leader had “responded to my numerous appeals to negotiate”. However, Mr Pashinyan replied that there had been a misunderstanding, and he only wanted to discuss the terms of the leader’s resignation and the “terms of a peaceful and smooth transition of power”. Mr Sargsyan, Armenia’s former head of defence, stormed out of the interview, pointing out that Mr Pashinyan’s party won only eight per cent of the vote, and accused him of “blackmail”. Megan Lees-McCowan, programme head, said: “The risks are extremely grave for these children; insurgent groups in the conflict have resorted to using children as young as six or seven to carry out so-called ‘suicide’ attacks; others are recruited into armed groups or are sexually exploited. “We’re working to support as many of these children as possible to get off the streets and into school.” Supporters of the madrassa system claim their link to Boko Haram is overstated, pointing out that many of the movement’s senior figures – including the late Mohammed Yusuf, who founded the sect in Maiduguri in 2002 – had a secular education. But Mr Habib believes the potential risks are obvious. For as little as 1,000 Naira (£2), he says, a Boko Haram agent can bribe a child into acting as a lookout or into planting a bomb. “I teach my children that if anyone gives them money to do something bad, they should be suspicious,” he said. “But it would be better if these children weren’t on the streets at all. If the government gave them accommodation, I’d be much happier.” u Two suicide bombers killed four Muslim worshippers in a mosque in Bama, 40 miles south-east of Maiduguri, on Saturday. The town is still being rebuilt after its virtual destruction by Boko Haram in 2014. WORLD BULLETIN Journalist is shot dead during live broadcast A reporter was shot and killed while broadcasting live on Facebook from an area of Nicaragua rocked by protests over pension reform. The man, named as Angel Gahona, was reporting from the town of Bluefields on the country’s southern Caribbean coast, when a shot rang out and he fell to the ground, footage showed. Mr Gahona was using his phone to broadcast when he was hit. It was not clear who fired the shot. More than 20 people have died in the riots. Israel denies Mossad killed Hamas scientist Israel’s defence minister has dismissed claims that Israel assassinated a Palestinian Hamas member and scholar who was shot dead in Malaysia. Avigdor Lieberman said it was more likely that Saturday’s murder of Fadi al-Batsh, 35, was part of “an internal Palestinian dispute”. He also added that al-Batsh, who was a scientist, was a “rocket expert and no saint”. The academic’s family had blamed Mossad, Israel’s intelligence agency, for orchestrating the assassination. Korean Air chairman’s daughters to step aside Cho Yang-ho, the chairman of Korean Air, has apologised for the behaviour of his two daughters and said they would immediately step down from the company. Cho Hyun-min, a senior vicepresident, is alleged to have thrown water at a businessman while Heather Cho was jailed for ordering a plane to return to its gate in 2014 because she was angry over the way she had been served nuts in first class. She returned to work for a hotel affiliate in March. Last person born in the 19th century dies at 117 The world’s oldest person, a 117-yearold Japanese woman, has died. Nabi Tajima died in hospital on Saturday in the town of Kikai in southern Japan, town official Susumu Yoshiyuki confirmed. She had been in hospital since January. Tajima, born Aug 4 1900, was the last known person born in the 19th century. She reportedly had more than 160 descendants. She became the world’s oldest person seven months ago after the death of Violet Brown in Jamaica, also at the age of 117. The Daily Telegraph Monday 23 April 2018 *** 17 18 *** Monday 23 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph Comment My good health could be the social death of me at dinner parties JANE SHILLING I think it was the great Patrick Leigh Fermor who coined the term “the organ recital” for the dismal conversation about failing body parts that gradually takes the place, at middleaged dinner parties, of those ubiquitous brain-numbers of earlier decades: house prices, careers and children. I first encountered the organ recital a few years ago, at supper with some new acquaintances. They had had distinguished international careers, and I was looking forward to an evening of lively conversation. Conversation there was. Lots of it. But instead of a glittering exchange of reminiscence about the places where they had spent their working lives, they settled down for a cosy chat about their aches and pains. To the recitative of creaky joints and alarming digestive events I had nothing to add: I was reduced to silence by my own dull good health. You might think an absence of conversationworthy symptoms a blessing, but if a new dining trend catches on, a robust constitution may mean social death. The nutritionist and chef Toral Shah has launched the concept of a “health optimisation party”. For a starting price of £250 per head, up to eight people can gather to enjoy an individual blood test, a “banquet-style meal”, a talk on nutrition and a 30-minute follow-up phone call. Is there time for table talk, I wonder, between the blood tests and the nutrition advice? And if so, what does one discuss at such gatherings? I suppose, with all that nutritional rectitude on offer, the discourse must revolve around food intolerances – and here a line from that kindliest of wits, Sydney Smith, comes to mind: “Madam, I have been looking for a person who disliked gravy all my life; let us swear eternal friendship.” When the artist Francis Bacon asked his chum, Barry Joule, to destroy one of two versions of a portrait of the banker and art collector Gilbert de Botton, he made himself perfectly clear. Joule was to get rid of the painting “on the left” – which he duly did. The only problem was, his left wasn’t the same as Bacon’s. “Any fool knows left is left with your back to it,” screamed the affronted painter, on discovering the expensive error. You’d think that such a straightforward binary option would admit of almost no ambiguity, but it is amazing how much hapless misunderstanding can result from a simple left-right confusion. To this day, I cherish an ineradicable memory of my mother, navigating as I drove on the motorway towards Devon, saying brightly, “Turn left back there, darling!” while pointing right with a sublimely confident finger. On holiday recently, I was briskly assaulted by a small bird (a white-breasted waterhen, as it turned out), which seized a chocolate cake from my astonished hand, and carried it off into the undergrowth, there presumably to suffer agonies of indigestion. I returned home to learn that the visiting Commonwealth heads of government had received a security briefing about the aggressive mallard currently nesting in the window box outside the Cabinet room in Downing Street. In a world full of danger and uncertainty, there is something rather touching about our human willingness to defer to the whims of assertive waterfowl. READ MORE at telegraph.co.uk/opinion To order prints or signed copies of any Telegraph cartoon, go to telegraph.co.uk/prints-cartoons or call 0191 603 0178 email@example.com Staying in the customs union would leave Britain a sitting duck To be bound by EU decisions, without having any input, makes us vulnerable to being abused JULIET SAMUEL MUEL L eaving the customs union doesn’t sound like much of a cause. After all, who wants to die in a ditch over beef tariffs or toy safety regulations? But appearances can be deceiving. This week, the House of Commons has a chance to overturn a major plank of Government Brexit policy. The chance has been handed to them by the Lords, who indicated last week that they want the Government to seek a customs union with the EU. Most voters have little idea what a customs union is, but they probably would have a view on these questions. Now that we’re leaving, is it a good idea to outsource most of our trade policy to the EU? And is it consistent with the referendum result? The answer to both questions is surely no. The best way to think of the customs union is as a fence between the EU’s common market in goods and the rest of the world. The fence consists of tariffs, quotas and goods regulations. For all its many continuing flaws, and for all our moaning, the design of the fence has been heavily influenced by Britain. As members of the EU, Britain has inspired and pushed for important measures such as the development of a single market and the pursuit of dozens of liberalising trade deals. We have played an important role in helping to design, maintain and develop the fence, ensuring that it was tolerably consistent with our national interests. Brexit will see us give up that role, meaning that it will inevitably develop in ways we don’t like. Despite the country’s clear decision to give up a role in designing the fence, the Lords, Labour and some Tory MPs would have us remain inside it, as an entirely passive member of the fence club. Their worry is that leaving it will raise costs for British consumers and force a damaging restructuring upon businesses whose supply chains will suddenly become bisected by a new, British fence. Labour’s proposed alternative, in which we leave the EU but maintain a role in EU trade policy, will never happen. So the serious argument is about trade-offs. Is it worth giving up all control over all regulations and tariffs on goods in order to avoid disrupting this piece of our EU trade? “If, as I believe, we will have to choose,” said one lord in a debate this year, “we must surely place a greater priority on being able to shape our own future than on preserving the status quo.” This lord was no diehard Brexiteer but the committed Europhile Lord Hill, who until 2016 was Britain’s commissioner in Brussels. Lord Hill is not alone. He is joined by prominent Remainers such as Malcolm Rifkind, the former foreign secretary, and Lord Bridges, a Cameroon and former minister who quit David Davis’s Brexit department in despair at its indecision. All of them have concluded that it is untenable for Britain to hand control over such a large area of trade policy to a foreign power. Many civil servants privately agree. This is because our officials spend much of their time using the rights and powers granted by EU membership to ward off repeated attacks on British business by rival member states, who seek to use Brussels regulation to give their own companies an advantage. Within the customs union but without EU membership, Britain is a sitting duck. Imagine what this means in practice. Each time the EU enters a trade negotiation, it will have a rich source of costless concessions on the table. If South America demands that Brussels give up certain protections on geographically protected indicators such as champagne, cheddar or Scotch, without Britain at the table, which ones do you think will be the first to go? If the US wants Brussels to sacrifice animal welfare standards in return for some manufacturing access that Germany craves, do you think the EU will give it a second thought without Britain at the table, championing the cause? Of course, Britain itself might be forced into any of these concessions during its own trade negotiations. But in such a situation, we would be giving them up for an advantage that relates directly to our own economy, such as better access for our services sectors. The EU’s members, whose economies are hugely different to our own, will have their own interests in mind, not ours. In such an environment, just imagine the toxic political discourse that will grow up around all trade and European matters. The customs union doesn’t include services, so its advocates argue that Britain would still retain some control over trade policy. But without control over goods, this is meaningless. The deals Britain wants to do will involve offering up access to our enormous FOLLOW Juliet Samuel on Twitter @CitySamuel; READ MORE at telegraph.co.uk/ opinion goods market in return for access for our services exporters. Inside a customs union, that is impossible. The CBI and its allies also suggest that leaving is simply too expensive. This isn’t because of tariffs, which both the EU and UK want to keep at zero. It relates to customs paperwork: the checks that ensure goods comply with EU standards. Certain industries like car and drug-makers, which rely on the speedy shipment of goods back and forth, will suffer a cost from the introduction of new checks. Quite how big an impact this will have is unknown. What we do know is that these cases are a minority. Normal supply chains aren’t so time-sensitive and, for most companies that already trade internationally, one more customs border won’t make much difference, since they already file the relevant information electronically. Smaller companies that aren’t used to dealing with customs will have to get used to the administrative burden, but once they’ve learnt how it works, it should only be about as annoying as a VAT return. There is one powerful argument against leaving the customs union: it leaves us exposed to a world at risk of a trade war. If, indeed, global trade falls off a cliff in the next two years, it would be wise to reconsider the timeline on which we leave the shelter of the EU trading bloc. But that is not an argument for tying the Government’s hands today. Two years ago, Britain voted to seize control of its governance. It is impossible to square that with a customs union. Leaving it might pose some risk, but it is the risk voters chose to take. Even for a Remainer like me, turning Britain into a passive participant in someone else’s trade policy is hard to stomach. A more open China helps the whole world In the face of rising egoism and protectionism, we choose the path of peace and fair globalisation LIU XIAOMING NG L ast week, President Xi delivered a speech in Boao, China. The UK media spent many words trying to interpret its meaning. So what was its message, and what are its implications for China and the world? My short answer is that the President was expounding the wisdom and example our country can offer to a world still searching for sustainable growth. He fortified China’s commitment to globalisation, peace and development – and explained how its economic transformation has contributed to those goals. It has been years since the end of the international financial crisis. Yet the world is still riven by sluggish growth, poor economic governance and unbalanced development. By reviewing 40 years of China’s economic transformation, and its quest to give its people a better life, President Xi shared his insights on how to overcome these structural difficulties. In those decades, China has learnt to never give in to hardship, always blaze new trails, always keep pace with progress and embrace the world with open arms. These are the stepping stones for China’s ascension to the world’s second-largest economy and its largest industrial producer. They have enabled it to contribute over 30 per cent of global growth in recent years and become an anchor for the whole world economy. The President also outlined a new round of practical and effective measures aimed at further opening up China’s markets. Against the anti-trade headwind, these measures are a vote in favour of globalisation and a call for the international community to unite in upholding free trade. Opening up has been key to our economic growth, and it will continue to be in future. We will, for example, significantly broaden market access, create a more attractive investment environment, strengthen protection of intellectual property rights and expand imports. These major initiatives, in the President’s own words, are best implemented “sooner rather than later”, and “China will only open its door wider to the world”. This is China’s independent decision, necessitated by its own development, and we have every intention of making it real. This commitment to globalisation is all the more valuable today. In some parts of the world we are seeing the rise of protectionist and egoist policies, where a belief in the “zero-sum game” is fanning chaos and danger in the international community. Still plagued by wars and conflicts, by hunger and poverty, the world has a major choice to make. Should we stay open and move forward or shut ourselves in and turn back? This is the question of our times, and our choice will have a bearing on the direction of history. President Xi proposed “China’s solution” for peace and development. This means seizing the trend of reform, cooperation, openness, connectivity and innovation to achieve happiness of the people, rejuvenation of the nation and common development of the world – to build, in short, a community for a shared future for all mankind. It is important that countries in the world respect each other, treat each other as equals, and choose consultation over confrontation and READ MORE at telegraph.co.uk/ opinion partnership over alliance. We need to promote dialogue, share responsibility and uphold the international order underpinned by the UN Charter. We must make economic globalisation more open, inclusive, balanced and beneficial to all. We must draw strength from each other, seek harmony without uniformity, promote mutual learning between different civilisations. And we must follow a low-carbon path to save our blue sky, green mountains and clear water for future generations. Success comes to those who answer the call of their people and follow the trend of their times. China has sounded the trumpet of greater openness, and drawn a map of how to get there. The next stop is in November with China’s first ever International Import Expo in Shanghai. We are also hoping to launch the Shanghai-London Stock Connect, allowing traders in both countries to buy on each other’s markets across time zones. This eagerly anticipated scheme will surely be of great mutual benefit. With these positive steps, China reaffirms its intention to join hands with the UK and the world to share growth opportunities, achieve common development, and build a better future. Liu Xiaoming is China’s ambassador to the UK *** The Daily Telegraph Monday 23 April 2018 19 Letters to the Editor Britain should leave the Brexit talks if the EU refuses to be constructive Economy and state SIR – The outright rejection by unelected EU bureaucrats of Britain’s proposals for the Northern Irish border is sickening. The feeling is exacerbated by their suggestion that the only way to achieve a frictionless border would be for Britain to remain in the customs union, even though the Prime Minister has made it absolutely clear, on many occasions, that this is not an option. So entrenched is the EU in its “project” that it is unable to consider sensible suggestions to resolve the issue. Furthermore, it simply isn’t good enough for the EU just to reject Britain’s proposals without putting forward viable alternatives that would not breach our red lines. The time is fast approaching for the Prime Minister to consider walking away from the talks until the EU regains a sense of realism and fairness, and stops playing politics with such a sensitive area of the negotiations. Michael Schultz Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk Can Macron win top billing with Trump? H enry Kissinger, the former US Secretary of State, reportedly once asked: “Who do I call if I want to speak to Europe?” As we now know, for the current US administration the answer is Emmanuel Macron. The French president will today become the first foreign leader accorded a state visit to Washington since Donald Trump arrived in the White House. He will address a joint session of Congress and enjoy the rare honour of dining with the US leader and his wife at George Washington’s mansion, Mount Vernon. Mr Trump appears eager to reciprocate for the welcome he received in France last year when he was invited to attend the official Bastille Day celebrations in Paris, with all the pomp and circumstance that entails, and to dine at the Eiffel Tower. Personal relationships matter in diplomacy, as in business, and especially so to Mr Trump, it seems. He got on well enough with Theresa May when she became the first overseas leader to visit after his inauguration, and he was invited to the UK last year. That trip was postponed because of political hostility to the American president here, which the French have sensibly risen above. But this is more than just a goodwill visit or the further advancement of President Macron’s self-confident push to make France the leading power in Europe. There are major issues to be discussed, notably Iran and trade. On the former, Mr Trump is threatening to pull the plug next month on the deal brokered by Washington and the EU to constrain Tehran’s nuclear ambitions, which he had denounced during his presidential campaign. Egged on by Israel and now by John Bolton, his new National Security Adviser, the US leader is heading for a clash that Mr Macron will seek to avert, while sharing Mr Trump’s concerns about Iran’s intentions in the region. The French president has a favour to call in, of course. After committing France to the recent action against Syria, he claims to have persuaded Mr Trump not to turn his back on the Middle East at such a critical moment. Mr Macron is also acting as Europe’s emissary to convince the American government that imposing tariffs on EU goods as part of a wider trade war with China would be bad for both economic blocs. His skill in managing the mercurial US president will determine whether his number will still be in the White House phone book at the end of the visit. Parents first… O ur children are being mentally scarred by their obsession with social media, according to Jeremy Hunt, the Health Secretary. He has given outlets such as Facebook and Google a week to come up with a plan to deal with it or face legislation, though to do what is not entirely clear. They are required to show the steps they have taken to cut underage use, prevent cyber-bullying and encourage healthy screentime, and what more they intend to do. Mr Hunt said their failure to prevent young children using social media was “unacceptable and irresponsible” and that they were turning “a blind eye to a whole generation of children being exposed to the harmful emotional side-effects of social media prematurely”. Meanwhile, as we report today, the President of the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health is worried, as many are, about the obesity epidemic among young people. His idea for dealing with it is to ban all fast-food outlets within 400m of schools. There is a pattern here. If young children are being harmed by being on their phones or computers, then the first line of defence is not the Government but their parents. Similarly, children buying junk food on their way to school can only do so with money given to them by their parents – unless they are old enough to have earned it themselves. We know the difficulties parents have in getting their offspring to eat well or ration their social media use. Mr Hunt said parents were being put in an “intolerable” position by the social media giants. Arguably, fast-food outlets are doing the same. But these are social and cultural problems that it is easy to blame others for perpetuating, when the solution is often in our own hands. Hot runnings W ell done to the many thousands who took part in the London marathon in the unseasonably warm April weather. It was the hottest running of the race since its inception in 1981, which made the efforts of participants even more commendable. Our own Bryony Gordon was cooler than many, since she ran in her underwear to promote “body positivity” and to raise money for the mental health charity Heads Together. Matthew Fearn, the Telegraph’s picture editor, ran his first marathon for Leukaemia Care in memory of Shawn Russell, a colleague who died last year. Altogether, millions of pounds will have been raised for the various charities supported by runners, making this arguably the world’s biggest annual fund-raising event. Congratulations all round. We accept letters by post, fax and email only. Please include name, address, work and home telephone numbers. 111 Buckingham Palace Road, London SW1W 0DT FAX 020 7931 2878 EMAIL dtletters@ telegraph.co.uk FOLLOW Telegraph Letters on Twitter @LettersDesk SIR – I fail to understand why Britain should have to produce a solution to the border issue. The Government should tell the EU: we are happy not to have any border checks. If you want to protect the integrity of your customs area, then you introduce whatever type of border you want. Charlie Goodall Winchester, Hampshire SIR – Even to the most determined Brexiteer, it is surely obvious now that a meaningful break from Europe is not going to happen. The Eurocrats are far more clever than our politicians, who have been hamstrung throughout the Brexit process by their own inadequacies and a blatantly pro-European civil service. But the most guilty person remains Theresa May, whose decision to go to the country in 2017 dealt a fatal blow to Brexit. Ever since, Brussels has known that Mrs May will be unable to get parliamentary consent to any outcome that does not include our continuing membership of the customs union. I’m afraid it is game over and I really fear the inevitable political and social consequences of this debacle. Alan Quinton Eastbourne, East Sussex Testing four-year-olds SIR – In his letter (April 20) arguing that tests for four-year-olds are good because they help measure teachers’ abilities, Chris Sermon completely misses the point. The reason that many in the education profession (such as myself) are against such baseline testing is precisely because a baseline produced for any purpose at this age is most likely to be invalid. Children of four who have just entered school often have so little concept of what a test is that you would be lucky if the majority of the class realised that they were meant to give a set answer to a question, let alone get it right. This is due to children of this age being imaginative, creative, joyful bundles of boundless energy. They are not yet the test robots our education system seems to desire. For this we should be grateful. Roland Johnson Stowe, Buckinghamshire Required reading SIR – Adele Davies (Letters, April 20) asks what her reading group’s 100th book should be. I would recommend The Diary of a Nobody by George Grossmith. With its shrewd observations on the aspirations of ordinary people, it is as pertinent today as it was in 1892. Richard Davies Cleobury Mortimer, Shropshire SIR – To celebrate the 100th book last year, our book club ventured into the world of the graphic novel and chose Maus by Art Spiegelman. We loved it. Caralyn Bird Henham, Hertfordshire Special ingredient SIR – Judy Nicholson (Letters, April 21) says one of her colleagues used to stir his tea with an upside-down pencil. Many years ago, while serving at the Royal Naval Air Station Hal Far in Malta, I was in the habit of having a very long gin and tonic after a hot game of tennis. I would give this a good stir to reduce the fizz and make it more drinkable. While doing this one evening with the pencil used to sign bar chits, the bar steward, a Maltese petty officer, said: “I wouldn’t do that if I were you, sir.” “Oh,” I replied, “why not?” “Well,” he said, “that is the pencil I clean my ears with.” Patrick Mountain Somerton, Somerset ALAMY EsTABLisHED 1855 SIR – In the negotiations so far, we have secured only one concession from the EU – the right to negotiate trade deals during our transition period as a vassal state. Now, because the EU has rejected a perfectly workable solution for the Irish border, we “may be forced to stay in the customs union” for the long term. This would leave us busily negotiating trade deals for two years, only to abandon them all and stay in the customs union, with the EU controlling our trade policy. Liam Fox and his Department for International Trade could all go home, having wasted their time for four years. This is an interesting new definition of the term “transition”. Ken Worthy Esher, Surrey Non-routine check-up: June Jago and Sid James in Carry On Doctor (1967) Why patients are being left in their pyjamas sir – You report (April 20) that several hospitals are encouraging patients to wear day clothes, rather than pyjamas, in order to speed up their recovery. This is nothing new. When I qualified as a physiotherapist 30 years ago, patients who were not bed-bound were washed and dressed daily. If they did not have regular visits by friends or family, their clothes would be washed in the hospital laundry. Sadly, times have changed. Most elderly patients arrive at A&E without toiletries or appropriate footwear, never mind changes of clothing, having been bundled into ambulances by over-stretched crews. Many have no family living nearby who could take such items to the hospital, or take them home for washing. When relatives who do live locally are asked to assist, many complain that they are too busy working or looking after children. It is assumed the NHS will sort it out. As long as nurses struggle to perform all their other duties and complete onerous paperwork, and the public expects someone else to carry the full burden of care, patients will continue to sit around in their pyjamas. Kirsty Blunt Sedgeford, Norfolk sir – I have long thought it was the NHS staff who wore pyjamas. Bring back proper uniforms. Michael Allisstone Chichester, West Sussex sir – Your leader (April 20) on the subject of pyjamas being worn to be admired brings to mind Bertie Wooster’s heliotrope and old gold striped jimjams. David Salter Richmond, Surrey Don’t blame the Americans for round tables SIR – Wynne Weston-Davies (Letters, April 21) should not be too hasty in blaming the Americans for round tables. Has he never heard of King Arthur? Malcolm Allen Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire SIR – I was delighted by Mr WestonDavies’s case against round tables, which surpasses even that of Anthony Trollope’s Barchester Towers character, Archdeacon Grantly. When his father-in-law suggests that the room intended as a dining- room in the parsonage at St Ewold “would do very well for a round table”, the archdeacon nearly has a fit: “ ‘A round table’, said he with some heat, ‘is the most abominable article of furniture that ever was invented.’ ” The archdeacon thinks there is “something democratic and parvenu in a round table”, imagining that “dissenters and calico-printers chiefly used them, and perhaps a few literary lions more conspicuous for their wit than their gentility”. Sara Broadbent Folke, Dorset SIR – Allister Heath’s attack on the Government (Comment, April 19) presupposes that the best economic performance comes in countries where the state plays little role in the economy. The US and Germany have consistently outperformed the UK economically for a century (leaving aside post-wartime reconstruction). Mr Heath deplores “intervening in takeover battles”. Yet takeover barriers have always been higher in America and Germany. Unregulated big business tends to oligopoly. As Adam Smith put it: “People of the same trade seldom meet together… but the conversation ends in a conspiracy against the public, or in some contrivance to raise price.” In America, powerful measures started with the Sherman Act of 1890. In Germany, the restraints are more complex and cultural, but are rooted in a much lower proportion of publicly listed ownership. In contrast, Britain’s takeover regulations, watered down still further by the EU, are toothless. In America and Germany, strategic infrastructure, such as ports and airports, is publicly owned, as in Switzerland and Singapore, which Mr Heath praises. Crucially, all these countries have been much cannier than us in getting the private sector and public sector to work together. For example, our embassies and trade organisations are improving, against tight resource constraints, but are still behind their US and German peers at helping to win exports. The latter identify and back winners. In 2008, electorates around the developed world witnessed bankers being bailed out by frightened governments, while their victims went bust, corroding confidence in political and economic structures. This Government is right to seek a more partnered approach with industry, and to move against oligopolistic – and tax-avoiding – tendencies. Sir Julian Brazier Canterbury, Kent Remembering Vichy SIR – Keith Miller (Letters, April 18) says people will be offended by the cancellation of a war re-enactment in which Levisham, North Yorkshire, became an occupied French village. In my experience, no one who lives on the Channel Islands, or lived in Vichy France, cares to celebrate this period. It is important to teach about it – but there are better ways of doing so than by having people strutting around dressed as Nazi Stormtroopers. Here in Sussex, many primary schools use the facilities of the Bluebell Railway to act out the evacuation story, and secondary schools take students to visit the battlefields and cemeteries of France and Belgium. Gordon Dudman East Grinstead, West Sussex Earloom SIR – I was interested to read of Richard Wales’s £1,000 fine for trying to sell a tiger’s head on Gumtree (report, April 20). In 1941, my mother bought an elephant’s ear coffee table in a London junk shop. This table crossed the Atlantic six times with my father’s various postings and remained part of our family’s furniture until we downsized in 2016. There was no room for the table in our new home, so I considered selling it on eBay. But, overcome by irrational sentiment, I burned it instead, ensuring that somewhere in the pachyderm afterlife Jumbo was reunited with his missing ear. Nigel Milliner Truro, Cornwall Women in power have a particular stubborn courage CHARLES MOORE OORE NOTEBOOK A s Margaret Thatcher’s authorised biographer (one more volume to come…), I read a great deal about her. I don’t think it is a coincidence that the two books published since she died from which I have learnt the most about her are both by women. Nor is it coincidental that they are written by women of a different generation from hers. Part of the fascination of Mrs Thatcher is the shock she brought to the system, not only because she was the first woman prime minister but also because she was a fervently, radically conservative one. Millions of ordinary women admired her greatly. But for the intellectual, predominantly Left-leaning women writers of Mrs Thatcher’s generation, the shock was too great to bear. If you believed that it was feminism that would bring women to power, how could you cope with the fact that a declaredly anti-feminist woman was the first to get to the top, and to stay there longer than any predecessor since the 19th century? Younger women, whatever their views of Mrs Thatcher, are less likely to feel this sense of personal affront. They have more perspective. It is easier for them to see that, whatever she said, she was a sort of feminist, and can only be understood not as a pretend man, but as a very real woman. The first of these two books is God & Mrs Thatcher by Eliza Filby, published in 2015. As its title suggests, it discusses the links between those two omnipotent entities. The second, just out, is People Like Us by Caroline Slocock. Ms Slocock was Mrs Thatcher’s first female private secretary (a private secretary being not a personal assistant but a youngish, top-flight civil servant in the minister’s private office). Politically, she was not close to her boss, and she later became the chief executive of the Equal Opportunities Commission. She was not “one of us”. Yet, in another sense, she was: she was a serious-minded, lower-middle-class, hard-working, ambitious, reformist woman in a man’s world. Hence much of the interest of her book. Thus, while criticising Mrs Thatcher for not employing more women and not believing that women’s solidarity changes the world, Caroline Slocock can also say that “the No 10 I knew under Margaret Thatcher was the most feminine working environment I have ever known”. When she interviewed Caroline for her job, the prime minister brought along a bowl of hyacinths, because she thought she would like them. Ms Slocock found Mrs Thatcher “frightening” but, sitting at the back of the Cabinet Room at the famous meeting in which she resigned, she found herself weeping. By the end of that day, all the loo paper in the Downing Street women’s lavatories had gone because so many female staff had come in to wipe their tears. This is more than just the story – quite familiar in powerful people – of a character who is much nicer in private than in public. It is part of a bigger narrative about a woman with a strong domestic sense, but an even stronger sense of mission. So her work was her home and her staff were her family: “It was the work… not the politics, that was the centre of interest in her life.” It was not joyless drudgery. It was a labour of love. Only a woman would have run the country that way – minding so desperately, taking on too much, noticing both tiny things and big ones, disrespecting hierarchy, and fighting all the time because “there was only one thing to do in the battle of the sexes, and that was to win”. So when, after winning so often, she finally loses, there is true pathos. The tale is illumined by nice vignettes. Mrs Thatcher usually stands on a footstool in No 10 to make a speech, because she is only 5ft 4in. Failing to gouge money out of the Treasury for a charity for lone mothers, she writes it a cheque for £1,000 herself. Her old science professor, the Nobel Prize winner Dorothy Hodgkin, comes to lunch at No 10. She has bad arthritis, so Mrs Thatcher cuts her meat up for her. The book makes the reader think about wider questions. Why is it that the three most striking characters in British public life in the past 50 years – Margaret Thatcher, Diana, Princess of Wales and the Queen – have been women? Is it mere rarity value? Or is because – though each is so different from the others – there is something about being female that touches reality more closely? The rage at present is for “diversity”, but in practice this seems to mean uniformity. The change-bringing power of female leadership is being neutered by a compliance culture, where important but second-order issues about maternity leave, equal pay and flexible hours are exalted over the content of the job itself. Mrs Thatcher always argued that so long as women defined themselves by “women’s issues”, they would still be marginalised. One watches the struggles of our present Prime Minister. Mrs May comes under all sorts of strains that a man would be spared – discussion of her childlessness, her appearance, her awkwardness. She suffers from the lack (which Mrs Thatcher also knew so well) of a club of chums to fall back on in tricky times. But against these handicaps, she has the compensating female virtues that go with the territory – a sense of duty and a stubborn courage. READ MORE at telegraph.co.uk/opinion 20 *** Monday 23 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph Puzzles, mind games and Herculis Win £50 and a Telegraph pen HEALTH FEATURES The Daily Telegraph Monday 23 April 2018 *** 21 Rachel Abbott ‘I stopped breathing 73 times an hour’ Page 23 INTERVIEW GETTY IMAGES Jessica Huie ‘I told Meghan what it means to be mixed race in Britain’ Page 25 MIND HEALING Linda Blair Can you be addicted to the internet? Page 22 ARTS Modern Bard Shakespeare’s take on the #MeToo movement Page 27 The race to create a superbug-killer Scientists have made a breakthrough in the antibiotic resistance battle – the urgency has never been greater, says Lois Rogers B ritish scientists claim they have beaten more than a dozen rival teams around the world in the race towards a new synthetic antibiotic. They hope that the agent – an improved version of a natural antibiotic called teixobactin, discovered in soil by US scientists in 2015 – will provide a new treatment for resistant hospital superbugs and a range of other infections that are becoming impervious to our battered medicine cupboard of 20th-century antibiotics. The group from the University of Lincoln, the site of a new medical school due to open in September, has been collaborating with groups from the University of Liverpool, as well as academic researchers in the Netherlands, Belgium and Singapore, to achieve the advance. Their data, just published in the Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, provides the first evidence using mice that the treatment can knock out methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and vancomycin-resistant enterococci, both of which appear on a World Health Organization [WHO] list of 12 “priority pathogens” – treatmentresistant families of bacteria that represent the biggest threats to human health. Their work is an advance, but not yet a game-changer. Data from the Philadelphia-based Pew Charitable Trusts, which is tracking progress in the superbug war, indicates there are 80 possible antibiotic drugs, vaccines and other “non-traditional” candidate products in development round the world, which could save us from losing the war against new generations of killer infections. The need has never been more urgent. A recent global study from a team at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland, showed the problem has been fuelled by an astonishing 65 per cent increase in antibiotic use between 2000 and 2015. Current Government projections indicate that, by the time today’s primary schoolchildren reach adulthood, deaths from infectious illnesses will claim at least 10 million lives a year worldwide and limb Major threat: scientists all over the world are working to create new drugs to fight the rising problem of antibioticresistant bacteria amputations to halt the spread of infection will become commonplace – unless we find new treatments. “We are optimistic,” says Dr Ishwar Singh, a specialist in novel drug design and development, who is leading the Lincoln project. “We are the first people worldwide to achieve this step. “We have not only proved our treatment kills the bacteria, but we have also shown it reduces inflammation at the same time.” The results so far are only in mice, but Dr Singh is in talks with three pharmaceutical industry investors and he hopes the product will go into human trials within three years. At the University of East Anglia in Norwich, Professor Changjiang Dong, an expert in molecular medicine, is also forging ahead with a different candidate weapon: a treatment that blocks construction of the two-layer cell walls protecting virulent so-called Gram-negative bacteria, which include resistant strains of salmonella, E.coli and legionella, all of which regularly cause fatal outbreaks of disease. Prof Dong is as upbeat as Dr Singh. “We think we have found a very good target for a new treatment. I am very optimistic about where this will lead,” he says. Over in Leicester, Professor Martha Clokie, another expert on infectious diseases, is working on phages – tightly targeted viruses that attack disease-causing bacteria, which could provide an answer to the search for a new way of destroying antibiotic-resistant superbugs. She is similarly hopeful, but, like the others, needs more investment to develop her work. Until now, the problem has been bubbling away below the surface. Official figures indicate that in the UK about 5,000 people a year die from illness that could previously be treated by penicillin and its myriad derivatives. Many authorities believe the real figure is 10,000 deaths or more, but it is still a number that looks irrelevant compared with the 300,000-plus who die from cancer and heart disease. However, increasing numbers of superbug survivors are coming forward with accounts of the horrific damage that may affect many more of us. In February, Magdalena Malec, 31, from Dunstable, Bedfordshire, told how she lost a kidney, plus both legs, her right arm and the fingers of her left hand, from a superbug infection during routine treatment to remove an ectopic pregnancy. A few weeks later, Ben May, a 25-year-old Oxford graduate and keen athlete from Haslemere, Surrey, described how he narrowly escaped amputation but suffered life-threatening illness and eight operations after he contracted a superbug following surgery for a football injury. Also last month, Dee Struthers, from the Isle of Man – who set up a charity after her 18-year-old daughter, Ann, died in 2013 from a superbug throat infection – presented her local emergency services with a lactate monitor, a device to show when antibiotics are not working. “Perhaps if Ann’s blood had been tested with such a monitor, we would be sharing a different story today,” she said. A further worrying development was reported last month by Public Health England, which revealed doctors were battling with a new treatment-resistant version of Continued on page 23 *** Monday 23 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph �he �urgery D O C T O R’ S D I A RY MIND HEALING The huge benefits of tailoring exercise Is internet addiction a problem? Linda Blair L GETTY IMAGES 22 Worth a tai: practising the gentle movements of tai chi beat aerobic exercise in a study James Le Fanu hose who take regular exercise live longer than those T who do not – though only a narrow margin separates the very from the moderately fit. The least fit, however, do badly with a three-fold increased risk of dying before their time. Thus the standard advice favours a regular daily dose of aerobic exercise of sufficient intensity to stress the capabilities of the heart – the simplest being a 60-minute walk brisk enough to increase the pulse rate. This is, however, quite unrealistic for many – those with arthritic joints, chronic pain syndrome, neurological disorders and so on. Hence some alternative method of maintaining fitness is called for – as demonstrated unequivocally in a recent study comparing the merits of tai chi, the ancient Chinese martial art, with aerobic exercise in 200 people with the diffuse muscular pains of fibromyalgia. The tai chi, combining deep breathing with slow and gentle movements, proved much superior not just in improving “physical functional performance”, but promoting a general sense of wellbeing. This principle of tailoring the form of exercise to the specific needs of individuals applies, too, to Parkinson’s, as described by an acquaintance, the severity of whose symptoms had warranted the procedure of deep brain stimulation – inserting electrodes into the affected part of her brain. This certainly helped her tremor and immobility, but what has really made a difference, she maintains, are her twice-weekly Pilates classes. “I feel much stronger, and my balance has improved enormously,” she says. “I could not really control my arms and had real problems swimming in anything but a circle. Now I can do a whole length of the swimming pool in a straight line, backwards. It is very good for morale.” Pressure points Blood pressure, as all know, varies markedly depending on the time of day and in response to What has really made a difference, she maintains, are her twice-weekly Pilates classes circumstances. Retired physician Oscar Jolobe was not particularly surprised that, when measured by his family doctor soon after he received a worrying call from his solicitor, it was raised, at 154/78. None the less, he decided on returning home to measure it with a home monitor, four to five times a day over the following week: “All the systolic pressures [the upper reading] were well within the normal limits of 100130.” Had he not measured it himself, on the basis of that initial reading, he would have been labelled as having hypertension. The anxiety-generating implications of being at increased risk of stroke can, it was reported in this paper last week, push up the blood pressure on its own account. It is impossible to know how often this might happen, but it emphasises how blood pressure must be measured correctly, a time-consuming but necessary rigmarole that entails the following: the patient sitting at rest in a chair for five minutes prior to measurement; avoidance of coffee, exercise and smoking for 30 minutes beforehand; removal of clothing under the cuff; repeated measurements and averaging of the results. The failure to follow this procedure, it is claimed, “occurs commonly”, resulting in over-diagnosis and unnecessary treatment. Cold comfort The reader much troubled during the winter months by recurrent episodes of allergic rhinitis, followed by the classic symptoms of a head cold, has elicited several similar accounts. The initial symptoms, it is proposed, may be related to the method of keeping the house warm in winter, due, for example, to sensitivity to the dust thrown up in the air by heat rising from the radiators. A couple of readers report how, serendipitously, since being started on bone-strengthening vitamin D supplements for osteoporosis, they “have not had a cold since”. This could just be coincidence – but an analysis of 11,000 people last year found that vitamin D “protected against upper respiratory tract infections overall”. The effect is certainly modest, but it would seem worth a trial. Email medical questions confidentially to Dr James Le Fanu at drjames @telegraph.co.uk ast week, the pub chain JD Wetherspoon announced it was quitting social media, claiming its decision had been influenced in part by concerns regarding “the addictive nature of social media”. Is this real? And if so, what, if anything, can be done about it? Internet addiction means feeling you must be logged on 24/7 and that you’re unable to resist checking your devices. It’s a problem for many. A survey of more than 11,000 adolescents in 11 countries across Europe, by Tony Durkee and colleagues at the Karolinska Institute, categorised 4.4 per cent of respondents as pathological internet users (PIU). Dr Katie Niemz and colleagues at Nottingham Trent University found an even higher rate of PIU: 18.3 per cent. A survey of 5,000 students in England by Digital Awareness UK found 56 per cent felt “on the edge of addiction”. The effects of excessive internet use are not yet proven, but negative associations are strong. In the Digital Awareness UK survey, 52 per cent said their extensive use of social media made them feel less confident about their appearance and their life generally. Dr Niemz found the PIUs in her study had lower self-esteem. At work, use of the internet for personal reasons has been linked to lower productivity. A study by Nucleus Research in Boston, US, claims firms that allow employees access to social media in work time lose about 1.5 per cent of employee productivity. A report by TeamLease in Business Today put the loss much higher, at 13 per cent. But is it a true addiction? The most recent update to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders fails to classify internet overuse this way, as the authors claim more research is still needed. None the less, if your internet use feels out of control, you’ll want help now. The key to control lies not in how often you use the internet, but in recognising why you do so. If you seek the good feeling it gives you because of a connection with others, your priority is to increase the number of additional activities that make you feel satisfied and happy. Create a schedule in which you pursue at least one such activity every day. Spending real time with friends and becoming more physically active are particularly helpful. If you use the internet when you’re feeling stressed, as an escape from uncomfortable feelings, you need to identify the triggers that cause your discomfort (for example, when you’re asked to do too much at work). Address the source of the stress (talk to HR) instead of avoiding it. It will also help to learn to wait before checking your devices. Start small and build slowly: even waiting two minutes will start to build self-control. Create a daily schedule with times when you’re allowed to check. When you’re not meant to be checking, turn off your devices, or at least turn off the sound. Finally, keep written notes of your internet use and praise yourself every day you feel in control. Linda Blair is a clinical psychologist and author of Siblings: How to Handle Rivalry and Create Lifelong Loving Bonds. To order for £10.99, call 0844 871 1514, or visit books.telegraph.co.uk *** The Daily Telegraph Monday 23 April 2018 23 HEALTH ‘I stopped breathing 73 times an hour’ Restless nights: it is not unusual to stop breathing briefly when sleeping. Rachel Abbott, below left, now wears a mask at night Author Rachel Abbott tells Peter Stanford how the onset of snoring was a sign of severe midlife sleep apnoea R GETTY IMAGES; ANDREW CROWLEY achel Abbott swears she didn’t snore until she reached her 50s. “Perhaps a little bit, but suddenly it was getting much worse,” recalls the businesswoman and bestselling crime writer. “My three stepchildren thought it was hysterical the amount of noise I started making at night. It was so deafening that my husband, John, couldn’t get to sleep and so I often ended up in the spare room.” Abbott had always known she had a problem with breathing when asleep. “My mum used to say she had to prod me when I was a baby because I would stop breathing,” recalls the 65-year-old, “but then she also told me the doctors had told her my teeth would go green and fall out, and that hadn’t happened.” She gives me a quick flash of a perfect all-white smile to prove it. We are meeting in a slightly hushed, fancy central London hotel. Though Abbott seems perfectly at home, the backdrop jars slightly with the downto-earth, plain-speaking charm of this Mancunian – though, in recent years, she has relocated to Alderney in the Channel Islands. “I love Manchester,” she explains, “and go back there as often as I can, but I just can’t stand the weather. I needed a bit more warmth and a bit less rain.” It wasn’t only the snoring, though, that was on Abbott’s mind. She suspected she could have sleep apnoea, which can cause snoring. It is a condition where, in its commonest form – obstructive sleep apnoea, or OSA – the throat muscles intermittently relax and block the airway when we sleep, interrupting breathing. Though it is more common in men – who account for twice as many cases as women – and can increase the risk of high blood pressure, strokes and heart attacks if not treated, the condition often goes undiagnosed. The Sleep Apnoea Trust estimates that there may be up to 3.9 million sufferers in the UK, while recently released data from NHS Digital shows a steep rise in primary admissions for sleep apnoea from 5,675 in 2012-13 to 7,557 in 2016-17. That increase has been attributed to higher levels of obesity, especially in the young, with the extra ‘You haven’t slept for 10 years. I don’t understand how you are standing up’ body weight pressing down on the airwaves when we lie down. “My husband had been telling me I would stop breathing while I was asleep,” Abbott says. “He said he was lying there waiting to see if I would breathe again. And there had been a couple of occasions when I had a cold depress the immune system, such as chemotherapy for cancer, could become too dangerous to perform.” The WHO also fears the lack of commercial incentive for pharmaceutical companies to develop antibiotics. Last March, it published a list of 12 “priority pathogens”, including new treatment-resistant versions of run-of-the-mill bugs that routinely cause food poisoning, stomach and chest infections. “This list is a new tool to ensure [drug] researchers and developers respond to urgent public health needs,” said WHO spokesman Dr Marie-Paule Kieny. “Antibiotic resistance is growing and we are fast running out of treatment options. If we leave it to market forces alone, the new antibiotics we most urgently need are not going to be developed in time.” And that is the problem. “We want to encourage the CONTINUED FROM PAGE 21 Different class: how the antibiotic teixobactin (yellow) destroys bacteria SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY gonorrhoea, the common sexually transmitted infection that can cause permanent infertility. The male victim is believed to have survived, but no details have been published. Antibiotics work by destroying the cell walls of disease-causing bacteria, disrupting their repair mechanisms, or preventing cell multiplication. Existing treatments are called broad-spectrum, meaning they work against varieties of different bacteria. Doctors have prescribed them indiscriminately, secure in the knowledge that knocking out a variety of species at the same time will probably include the one causing the infection. Although the treatment has been liberally overused in the UK, overuse has been worse in the developing world. In addition, countries that permit routine use of antibiotics for pre-emptive dosing of intensively reared chickens, pigs and cattle, to prevent spread of infection in their cramped and unhygienic living conditions, has only encouraged the survival and proliferation of the deadliest bacteria, whose mutations have made them resistant to existing drugs. “There’s no doubt that the rate of antibiotic resistance is accelerating,” says Dr Nick Brown, a Cambridge medical microbiologist who directs a global public awareness campaign called Antibiotic Action. “Attracting investment for new antibiotics is difficult. Despite the scale of a problem, which is ranked alongside terrorism and global warming as a major threat to mankind, drug companies can make much more money out of treatments for heart disease and cancer.” In the past two years, however, levels of anxiety among doctors have been ratcheted up by new warnings from the WHO, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and an influential report commissioned by Dame Sally Davies, Britain’s chief medical officer, from Professor Jim O’Neill, a global authority on bacterial infection. Prof O’Neill, whose report concluded that 10 million lives could be lost to superbug infections by 2050, says: “Key medical procedures such as gut surgery, caesarean sections, joint replacements and treatments that development of new drugs that are expensive to produce and we also want to restrict their use,” says Lloyd Czaplewski, an antibiotic investment consultant. “We need to decouple use from profit. It’s a bit like a fire extinguisher: you pay a lot for it, but hope you never have to use it.” In addition to the search for new antibiotics, other anti-superbug treatments include short-acting vaccines, targeted anti-bacterial antibodies or agents to attack specific bacterial properties; and probiotics – “good” bacteria designed to crowd out disease-causing bugs. Meanwhile, phages – the viruses capable of infecting and destroying targeted disease-causing bacteria – and had woken up in the middle of the night, unable to get a breath, because my throat felt as if it had collapsed.” The first two doctors she asked about sleep apnoea waved aside her concerns. “Their reaction was, ‘Oh, you don’t want to bother with that. Everyone’s got a bit of it’.” Abbott took them at their word and got on with life. And she had plenty on her plate: first, starting up and running a successful software company, which she sold in the early 2000s for a seven-figure sum; then moving to Italy in 2005 with John, her second husband, to renovate a 15th-century Italian monastery they had bought; and more recently, as that rarest of literary beasts, a bestselling, self-published author whose name isn’t E L James. Abbott’s seven “domestic noir” page-turners, starting in 2011 with Only the Innocent, and featuring her enigmatic detective, Tom Douglas, have been dramatically successful for some people. Tom Patterson, 71, a professor of psychiatry at the University of California in San Diego, is one of the highest-profile beneficiaries of the technique. He almost died from septic shock after all known antibiotics were ineffective against an infection from a resistant bug called acinetobacter baumannii, which he contracted on holiday in Egypt two years ago. It was only through his medical contacts that he was able to get a targeted bacteriophage from the former Soviet republic of Georgia. “It was quite simply, a miracle,” said Prof Patterson, who had been expected to die. “Within two days of receiving the therapy, I was getting better.” The phage technique was developed behind the Iron Curtain at a time when antibiotics were hard to come by. Although it is now being investigated as an alternative to antibiotics, it is fearsomely expensive, with each phage having to be tailored to an individual patient. A variety of international collaborations have formed to tackle the problem of funding for unprofitable treatments designed to be used as sparingly as possible. The biggest investor has been the European Union’s Innovative Medicines Initiative (IMI) which since 2013 has been overseeing a vast £620 million joint project between industry, academia and biotech companies. The IMI collaboration is also co-operating with the Combating Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria Biopharmaceutical Accelerator (CARB-X), funded by the US government and the London-based Wellcome Trust medical charity. It has a £320 million commitment to identify 20 potential new antibiotics and get at least two of them into human trials by 2021. Alongside this is the WHO’s £240 million Global Antibiotic Research and Development Partnership (GARDP), which is hoping to produce new potent forms of four existing antibiotics by 2023. Despite these apparently vast levels of investment, Mr Czaplewski says getting a candidate treatment to a stage where it may be considered for next-level funding is still too expensive for many ideas to get off the ground. “The charity sector is very underrepresented in this field and that needs to change,” he says. “At the moment, there is a cancer research building on virtually every major university campus. If we’re going to make progress, we need attitudes to change so people realise antibiotic research is just as important.” have now sold more than three million copies worldwide, attracting interest from TV producers in the UK and France. It was two and a half years ago, when she checked into a smart health clinic in Austria to try to lose weight, that someone first took her sleep apnoea seriously. At their insistence, she asked her GP on Alderney pecialist to refer her to a specialist sleep clinic. The result was hey a nasty shock. “They told me that it is not le to unusual for people iefly stop breathing briefly eping when they are sleeping es for up to five times g an hour. Anything more than that is sleep mber apnoea. If the number n goes over 30, then you have severe sleep apnoea. I had been recorded in their tests as stopping 73 times an hour, sometimes for over a minute at a time.” She is laughing as she tells me, but the diagnosis must have alarmed her. “Well, the specialist did say to me, ‘Basically, you haven’t slept for 10 years. I don’t understand how you are standing up and walking aaround’.” Part of the shock wa was that she bee aware of had never really been sle patterns. her disturbed sleep “What happen happens,” she says, “even though I didn’t know t s at the time, thi tim is that this brea you stop breathing while you are asleep and then your brain say says, ‘Hang on, something is not right here’. So it wakes you up for a fr fraction of a second, just long enough for you to take a breath, and then go back to sleep. You’re never awake long enough to remember it.” Once diagnosed, though, the cure was simple, if challenging. She wears a breathing mask in bed at night that blows air at high pressure via two tubes into her nostrils, splinting open the airway. “There are all sorts of different ones, from full-face things to one with a blue cloth that you put over your nose and makes you look like an elephant with a trunk. What I use now is called a Wisp, and sits neatly under the bottom of my nose.” Getting an uninterrupted night’s sleep has been, she says, “a complete revelation”. But isn’t wearing a mask uncomfortable? “I remember one of the doctors saying to me, ‘You don’t want to wear a mask in bed at night. What’s your husband going to think?’ That may well be what puts so many people off going to their doctor with sleep apnoea.” But not her? “You don’t have to put the mask on until the lights go out,” she replies pragmatically. “You could even lie there until your partner has gone to sleep to put it on. It’s not the end of the world, is it?” When she began writing, Abbott says, she did her plotting at night, while awake in bed. “I always used to have a notepad next to me, and I’d be regularly sitting up to write things down. Now that never happens.” A case of exhaustion leading to creativity? Other writers have reported that they can only produce their best work when at full tilt, on the edge of collapse. “Well, now you mention it, my PA swears that now I am sleeping more, I am much more scatterbrained than before. I used to be so focused. I don’t think my exhausted brain could compute any more than one thing at a time. Now I am much more scattered.” So might her fans detect the impact of her sleeping properly for the first time in a decade in the pages of her books? “I’m not the best judge of that,” she laughs. “I just have to do it all during waking hours, and that takes me a bit more time.” Come a Little Closer by Rachel Abbott is published in e-book and paperback by Black Dot. For more details of National Stop Snoring Week (April 23-27), go to britishsnoring.co.uk 24 *** Monday 23 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph *** The Daily Telegraph Monday 23 April 2018 25 INTERVIEW ‘Meghan and I discussed being mixed heritage’ W hat is it like being a young woman of colour walking in through the front door of the British establishment? Meghan Markle will find out on May 19 when she marries Prince Harry in St George’s Chapel, Windsor, but she is unlikely to be sharing her impressions publicly. Jessica Huie, however, can shed some light – for two reasons. First, this successful businesswoman got to know Markle in 2015 when, through her PR agency, she accompanied the then Suits actress on a trip to Malta to walk in the footsteps of Markle’s Maltese great-great-grandmother. And secondly because 38-year-old Huie knows what it is like to be invited (by hand-written letter) by a prime minister to walk through the front door of 10 Downing Street. Gordon Brown invited her there to join a discussion group with other entrepreneurs. The youngest “expert” there, at 27, one of only two women among the 10 invitees and the only person of colour at the table, she took her seat between Peter Jones of Dragons’ Den and the boss of GlaxoSmithKline. But that was only after she had had to hide in the Downing Street loo because she had suffered what she calls “massive impostor syndrome”. “I just thought, ‘I don’t belong here. What do I have to contribute?’” We are sitting in a boutique hotel overlooking the Thames near Richmond, south-west London, where she lives with her husband, Kwame, and her two daughters. Huie is all elegance, poise and ease. I can’t imagine her feeling out of place anywhere. She laughs: “You become more confident as you get older, but it was often background that got me – things like where people spent their weekends, when they talked about going skiing, or what private school they had been at. That was when I would feel most lonely.” We are here to talk about her new self-help book, Purpose. She resists the label “role model”, but regularly gives motivational talks through various charities, including Rocking Ur Teens and Save The Children. Huie grew up on a west London council estate, the oldest child of a Jamaican father and English mother. Her dad, part of the Windrush generation, came over in 1952. “He arrived with such pride. He was a bus driver, despite being a qualified teacher in Jamaica – his qualifications were never recognised here. When I look now at the picture of him in his uniform, I’m almost glad he is no longer alive to witness what has happened to others of his generation. It hurts. The acknowledgement and apology by Theresa May is a first step, but let’s be clear, it’s just a first step.” It was, she says, a loving home, but also one made “dysfunctional” by struggles with addiction. She was expelled from school at 15 and two years later had a daughter, Monet. She started raising her as a single mother in a tower block: “I realise now it was me trying to take control of my life, but I didn’t have any of the resources to enable that.” Her message today is simple but challenging: “We are more,” she insists, “than our racial or ethnic backgrounds. I was brought up in a home where the word “character” was used a lot. It was all about what sort of person you were going to be. And from what I know of Meghan, she is a great woman who has already used her life to be of service, and to make a contribution.” Their relationship began with them talking by Skype and hitting it off. “Meghan was over in London and we had been involved in a charity event for children caught up in wars.” Then came the trip to Malta, which was Huie’s suggestion, and all about Markle connecting with her heritage, as her great-great grandmother, Mary, was born there in 1862. “On that trip, we had those conversations you have when two ANDREW CROWLEY FOR THE TELEGRAPH. PHOTOGRAPHED AT THE BINGHAM HOTEL Entrepreneur Jessica Huie tells Peter Stanford why she feels positive about being biracial in Britain today Color Blind Cards – a multi-racial greetings card and gift company – was born. Initially, it was a stand at the Notting Hill Carnival, but quickly grew into a company supplying high-street stores, and exporting its greetings cards all around the world. Markle also made this point in her Elle article when she wrote about growing up wanting a Barbie doll set of the ideal family, but they were always either all white or all black. Her father bought two, one white, one black, and mixed them up to give his daughter something that looked like her family. Does Huie think Markle will continue speaking out on such issues as a royal? “Well, her presence can’t help but spark the conversation,” she replies. “It already has. And some of it will be expansive, and some will be the opposite.” Early in his relationship with Meghan Markle, Prince Harry publicly rebuked the press for the “racial undertones” in their coverage of the romance. And there have been some awkward remarks since. Commentator Rachel Johnson once Jessica Huie, above, set up Color Blind Cards after being frustrated by a lack of ‘brown-skinned’ choice; she met Meghan Markle, far right, on a trip to Malta people are working closely together. Inevitably, we talked a lot about what it is like to be of mixed heritage.” Shortly afterwards, Prince Harry’s future bride wrote a piece for Elle magazine under the title, “I am more than an ‘other’ ”. It was about constantly being asked to define her ethnicity, and touched on the discussions the two of them had had. “To describe something as being black and white means it is clearly defined,” Markle wrote. “Yet when your ethnicity is black and white, the dichotomy is not that clear. In fact, it creates a grey area. Being biracial paints a blurred line that is equal parts staggering and illuminating… [By] sharing small vignettes of my experiences as a biracial woman, today I am choosing to be braver, to go a bit deeper, and to share a much larger picture of that with you.” Huie can relate to a lot of what she said. She remembers the head at her school asking her mother: “How does Jessica cope with being mixed race?” And her mother took issue with the word “cope”. “When I was growing up,” she says, “the only person I saw on TV who looked like me, and had curly hair like me, was Diana Ross.” That same absence of recognisable faces was still there when she was raising her own daughter. This time, though, she could do something about it and would soon set up her own business to tackle one aspect of the problem. By then she had transformed her own life by going back to college and then on to university to study journalism, which was followed by a stint as a writer on Pride magazine and a move into PR, representing A-listers such as Mariah Carey, Samuel L Jackson and Simon Cowell. One lunchtime in 2006, she found herself on London’s Oxford Street looking for a birthday card for her daughter, who was about to turn seven. “Then, all she wanted was straight, blonde hair. I was looking for a card with a picture of a brownskinned princess, so I could write in it: ‘You are perfect as you are’.” She couldn’t find one anywhere. And so described the “rich and exotic” DNA that Markle could bring to the Windsor gene pool, and when on Celebrity Big Brother, Ann Widdecombe, the former Conservative minister, said: “I think she’s trouble […] background, attitude. I worry.” Huie, however, isn’t discouraged. She is, she stresses, above all an optimist. “We are in a time of change.” Change for the better? “Yes.” And that same robust positivity is also the keynote to her book. There was nothing “strategic” about her decision to write it, she explains. Indeed, if there was a decision, it wasn’t her who took it. It was 2016, and her father was dying. She was caring for him in his last days when she woke up one morning at three o’clock feeling a compulsion to write. “I just put my heart on to the page. I felt as if the book flowed from beyond me. “I don’t want to hide any more. The need to fit, and to belong, the need for validation, have driven a lot of my achievement, but I am ready to leave that behind.” Purpose: Find Your Truth and Embrace Your Calling by Jessica Huie is published by Hay House (£12.99). To order for £10.99 plus p&p, call 0844 871 1514 or visit books.telegraph.co.uk Where do we stand on… charcoal food It’s official: black is the new black. OK, not black exactly, but charcoal. Charcoal is the new black, and though it looks like it might kill us, the trend for charcoalcoloured food is taking off everywhere, from trendy east London to New York. Meanwhile, those who can’t put a morsel in their mouth without first posting a picture to Instagram have delighted in snapping photos of hazardouslooking charcoal burger buns, toasties, croissants, ice creams and crackers. Or they could be biscuits. They’re too dark to tell. Now, we have been led to believe by various scientific studies over the years that eating black food is bad for us. Burnt toast, for instance, is a big no-no and likely to cause instant death. So how, we cry, can this newfangled charcoal food possibly be good for us? Well, it might not be actively healthgiving (especially if we’re talking about ice cream), but apparently it’s far less toxic than it looks. The goth-like hue of the foods in question is the result d charcoal of activated oduct of – the by-product conut burning coconut d or shells, wood other plant materials. This ame is not the same process as burning something to a cinder and then eating it, apparently. Be that as it may, we can’t help feelin just a little feeling turn off. Black turned pu pudding is one th thing (and yes, w know it’s we m made of pig’s b blood, and no, it it still doesn’t bo bother us). B we fail to But see w what eating a c black croissant could possibly bring to our lives. Don’t get us wrong, we didn’t like the trend for rainbow-coloured unicorn food, either: too silly and too faddish by far. Let food look like food, we say. It tastes better that way. Rosa Silverman *** Monday 23 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph Charles Saatchi’s Great masterpieces Comment telegraph.co.uk/opinion Our columnist takes a peek behind some of the world’s most significant paintings. This week, The Virgin and Child with Chancellor Rolin by Jan Van Eyck A project of the most blatant vanity an Van Eyck is often credited as the inventor J of oil painting. Yet although he is certainly the first artist who fully mastered the technique, in fact oils had been used in Indian and Chinese paintings as far back as the fifth century. Nevertheless, the many who have admired Van Eyck’s extraordinary The Arnolfini Portrait (1434), at the National Gallery, will appreciate that he truly was a visionary. This small painting is not only sublimely beautiful, it is so rich with puzzling detail and metaphor that it has transfixed artists since it was completed. Van Eyck even signed the painting unconventionally: an inscription on the wall above the convex mirror in the background, “Jan Van Eyck was here 1434”. There is no certainty about the date of birth of the Flemish artist, which is estimated at between 1390-1395. And almost nothing definitive has been recorded about his early life. We know he became court painter to Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, in 1425, and was paid a yearly stipend – unusual at the time, when artists relied on earning money from commissions. His salary repeatedly doubled as his value to the Duke grew. In addition to making paintings, he also acted as a personal ambassador for his master in trying to secure him a suitable bride, travelling first to the Iberian Peninsula to sound out Princess Isabella of Spain and, more successfully, to kindle the interest of Princess Isabella of Portugal. While working for the Duke, in 1435 he was asked by the royal chancellor, Nicolas Rolin, to provide a grand painting to decorate his own chapel in the Notre Dame Church in Autun, The Virgin and Child with Chancellor Rolin was commissioned by Nicolas Rolin to decorate his own chapel In brocade and mink furs, Rolin is seen kneeling before the infant Jesus since destroyed. Despite his modest family background, Rolin’s reputation as a lawyer had led to his advancement to court dignitary. Unsurprisingly, he wished to make his great standing abundantly clear, which resulted in one of the most blatant vanity projects of all time: a portrait of himself with the Virgin and Child. Dressed in brocade and mink furs, Rolin is seen kneeling before a velvet-covered prayer desk, as the infant Jesus, holding a small globe as a symbol of Christ’s CORBIS VIA GETTY IMAGES 26 power over creation, blesses him. Mary is seated on a throne holding the young child, while angels carry an imposing jewelled crown to her head. The composition opens up through a triple archway with Roman columns, to reveal a bucolic landscape and formal gardens with a basilica. The three protagonists create a sculptural presence, enabling the artist to demonstrate his skill with composition and, in the room’s architecture and ornamental tiling, his grasp of perspective. In the painting, Van Eyck employs symbolism to represent scenes from the Old and New Testaments, and Christ’s transition between the two. Reliefs depicting the Seven Deadly Sins can be seen above Rolin’s head. Besides betraying a desire for self-aggrandisement that would have given Citizen Kane pause, Rolin was an enlightened patron to a number of artists. Importantly, he supported the Netherlandish painter Rogier Van der Weyden (1400-1464) in creating the Beaune Altarpiece, his outstanding polyptych of the Last Judgement, for a hospital in Beaune, France. Along with Robert Campin (c1378-1444), Van Eyck was the leading representative of painting in oils, which were soon to become widespread as artists discovered that it allowed light and detail to be captured with greater brilliance. The Duke allowed him to take on other commissions, foremost of which is the magnificent Ghent Altarpiece (1432). Comprising 12 wooden panels that open to reveal exquisitely painted biblical depictions, it is one of the highest pinnacles of Christian art. It has had a turbulent history, surviving riots and revolutions, and was looted by the Nazis. It was discovered, after the war, hidden in a salt mine alongside other stolen treasures, and was painstakingly restored. It has also been the subject of much scrutiny over the years, because the inscription on it reads “Hubert van Eyck major quonemo reportus” – greater than anyone. Hubert was Jan’s brother, who reportedly started the work, with Jan finishing it and signing “arte secundus” – second best in art. However, experts maintain that these signatures were a fiction, invented by Ghent humanists in the 16th century, and that Hubert was responsible only for the work’s sculptural framework. Commentators have also debated which of the surviving Van Eyck paintings is the most perfect example of his powers – The Arnolfini Portrait, with its intricate detail and symbolism; the breathtaking majesty of the Ghent Altarpiece, or the electrifyingly beautiful Virgin and Child with Chancellor Rodin. It seems of little consequence which is the finer, and Britain is fortunate to have The Arnolfini Portrait on display in the capital, alongside Van Eyck’s delightful Portrait of a Man from 1433. Van Eyck achieved his precise finish by painting layer after layer of thin veils of oil, which also allowed for his manipulation of perspective and indirect lighting. He clearly used a very fine brush, and experts agree that, on occasion, he worked with a single hair. His attention to detail, and his devotion to reproducing exactly his sitters’s garments and their setting, was revolutionary. Certainly, it inspired much of the art produced in later years. Even in the 19th century, Van Eyck’s works remained the benchmark against which all painting was to be judged. It is probably the case that, without the advances he made in oil painting, the work of early giants like Piero della Francesca, Andrea Mantegna, and Sandro Botticelli may have been diminished, as well as the highest achievements of the masters of the High Renaissance, Raphael and da Vinci. © Charles Saatchi *** The Daily Telegraph Monday 23 April 2018 27 Arts Possibly the strangest birthday guest list ever Gala concert The Queen’s Birthday Party Royal Albert Hall JOHN LAWRENCE FOR THE TELEGRAPH; REX/SHUTTERSTOCK ★★★★★ By Neil McCormick I From #MeToo to multiculturalism, Shakespeare wrote it first, says Ben Lawrence, on what would have been his 454th birthday S hakespeare was born 454 years ago today but speaks so clearly to the world we live in that you could almost call him our most modern playwright. The way King Lear bleakly depicts a nation fracturing along internal divisions? It feels a mirror image of 21st century Britain. A furious adolescent battle against a corrupt adult world in Hamlet? It seems to directly reflect the mood of today’s politicised grassroots youth movements as they wrestle against an established political order. Last Thursday, to mark Shakespeare’s birthday, Gregory Doran, the Royal Shakespeare Company’s artistic director, Tracy Chevalier, the novelist, and Iqbal Khan, the director, met at The Other Place in Straford-upon-Avon to discuss just why it is that we can see our world depicted so cogently in Shakespeare. Recorded as a special podcast in our Much Ado About Shakespeare series, and available to listen to from today, the conversation ranged across social disorder in Antony and Cleopatra and African politics in Julius Caesar. First Much Ado About Shakespeare: from left, Ben Lawrence, Tracy Chevalier, Gregory Doran and Iqbal Khan off, though, was gender politics. For Doran, Measure to Measure is the play for today’s #MeToo movement. “A woman, Isabella, is compromised by a man in power and, basically, Angelo says: ‘Have sex with me or I will execute your brother.’ She threatens to expose him, at which point he says: ‘My false will outlive your true.’ She is left alone reeling from this encounter: ‘To whom should I complain? Did I tell this, who would believe me?’ That could be the sort of strapline for the #MeToo movement. It is astonishing how relevant that play has become.” Chevalier was equally exercised by Shakespeare’s handling of race. Her most recent novel, New Boy, transposes Othello to an elementary school in Washington DC in the Seventies. “Race is such a potent issue in the States right now,” she said. She used the framework of Shakespeare’s play to find parallels between race relations today and those from a few decades previously. “You start making connections. You start thinking about the Black Lives Matter movement.” Khan has directed Othello for the RSC. Intrigued by the possibilities in the play to explore how race becomes complicated in a multi-ethnic society, A wizard arrives on Broadway Broadway Harry Potter and the Cursed Child Lyric Theatre, New York ★★★★★ By Diane Snyder N ot all theatrical extravaganzas transfer from London to New York, or vice versa, with winning results. But Harry Potter and the Cursed Child, the two-part, five-hour behemoth that became a blockbuster in London in 2016, is now working its incandescent magic on American audiences. In New York, where the play opened last night, theatregoers were audibly wowed – cheering, gasping and shrieking as stunning feats of “how-did-they-do-that” theatrical magic unfolded before their eyes. Courtesy of Britain’s Ambassador Theatre Group, the production has received the finest of facelifts for its Magic touch: Jamie Parker (left), Sam Clemmett and Poppy Miller on Broadway new attraction. Golds, blues and reds dominate the colour scheme, while Hogwarts “H’s” adorn doors, and carpets and lighting fixtures feature dragons and phoenixes. Producers have brought over the seven principals from the original West End cast as part of the 40-person company, even though they aren’t marquee names. They include Noma Dumezweni as the ever-loyal and resourceful Hermione Granger, Paul Thornley as her husband, Ron Weasley, and Poppy Miller as Harry’s wife, Ginny. As the adult Harry, Jamie Parker finds reservoirs of depth in a man still suffering post-traumatic stress from events of 19 years ago and dealing with a son, Albus (Sam Clemmett), who seems out of reach and haunted by the difficulty of living in a parent’s shadow. Meanwhile, newcomer Anthony Boyle is a hoot as geeky but lovable Scorpius Malfoy, offspring of Harry’s nemesis, Draco (Alex Price). Harry Potter and the Cursed Child has already broken records. It’s the most expensive non-musical show ever staged on Broadway. And it’s already the highest-grossing Broadway play of all time, netting $2,138,859 during the first week of April. Harry Potter and the Cursed Child looks like it will be maintaining a permanent Broadway residence for some time. Booking until May 12 2019. Tickets: harrypottertheplay.com Over-scored concerto from young musicians Classical BBC Philharmonic Bridgewater Hall, Manchester ★★★★★ By David Fanning I n his role as the BBC Philharmonic’s composer in association, Mark Simpson has kicked off with a frantically energetic three-movement Cello Concerto for his friend and one-time fellow BBC Radio 3 New Generation Artist, Leonard Elschenbroich. The piece starts with eruptive, lavishly-scored orchestral ascents and high-flying, passionate cello responses, heroically delivered by Elschenbroich, none of which would be out of place in a Hollywood filmscore. It continues with rhythmical pulsations underpinned by bongos and congas and punctuated by Stravinskian chordal shards. Rich harmonic substrata come to the surface especially in the later stages. As a seasoned, high-level performer himself – a BBC Young Musician winner as a clarinettist in 2006 – Simpson strives for ecstatic communication, on the way relishing rhetoric, and on occasion deliberately courting catastrophe. Nothing wrong with any of that. The main problem is that the concerto is wildly over-scored. Much of the doubling and pretty much the entire orchestral piano part could be red- penned, along with a good deal of the solo writing. As it stands, the general sound and fury signify a good less than they might, while the promised tutti interludes are too short and too undifferentiated to make much impact. Even the central, initially slow movement soon suffers from hyperactivity. Conductor Clemens Schuldt is only a few years older than Simpson, and he too is an enthusiastic communicator with a lot to learn. The inadvertent theme was turning out to be young musicians who should know better (not counting the wholly innocent Elschenbroich). Except that when he composed his First Symphony, the teenage Shostakovich was younger and did know better. This performance, then, enjoyed mixed fortunes. Follow me, then: Paterson Joseph as Brutus in Gregory Doran’s Julius Caesar for his 2015 production he cast a black actor, Lucian Msamati, as Iago. “Iago incites racial hatred but that is only one of the things that he does,” he said. “I wanted to challenge this idea that he is a proto Nazi… To cast an actor who is darker skinned than Othello allowed us to tell the story of what experiences these two black men had in society; how Othello is embraced as a superstar and the other [Iago] has a more proletarian experience. In the scene where Cassio gets drunk, we were able to show submerged racial attitudes and the way people broke into tribes.” Khan’s take won rave reviews. And Doran was able to find a way to make his 2012 all-black production of Julius Caesar talk to the many complexities of life in modern Africa. With its preoccupation with democratic systems, Julius Caesar has been revived several times in recent months, including a modern-dress production directed by Nicholas Hytner in London. Yet Doran also strikes a contrary note, warning against trying to force too many 21st-century parallels: “You have seen those productions of Julius Caesar that have been in Western modern dress, and it does sometimes seem like it’s about knocking off a particularly truculent chairman of the board. It loses a kind of mythic resonance, the sense that you have with Caesar that this man is going to die, but also that the state is going to topple as a result.” Such is the beauty of directing Shakespeare in the 21st century. It’s an ever-evolving conversation between the play and its audience, and that is why the debate will continue to rage. The Telegraph Much Ado About Shakespeare podcast series is in partnership with the Royal Shakespeare Company. To listen to the full debate, and to previous podcasts, visit telegraph. co.uk/william-shakespeare or rsc.org.uk or subscribe at Apple podcasts AFP/GETTY IMAGES Is the Bard 2018’s greatest playwright? n all my decades as a rock critic, this may just qualify as the strangest climax to a concert I have ever witnessed. Amid balloons and fireworks, the Queen and Prince of Wales joined Sting, Shaggy, Kylie, Tom Jones, Craig David and a choir featuring comedian Harry Hill and former Labour MP Ed Balls onstage at the Royal Albert Hall to be serenaded with a burst of Happy Birthday. When it was decided to throw a party for the Queen’s 92nd birthday, I am not convinced anyone actually considered asking her what kind of entertainment she might like. While I can’t claim to know what the Queen listens to for personal pleasure, I’m pretty sure it’s not Sting and Shaggy. Or, for that matter, almost anyone else on the bill. I would have liked to have binoculars to inspect the royal expression when Jamaican pop star Shaggy – aka Mr Bombastic – went walkabout in the crowd, toasting the occasion with his lusty dance hall patois. Although I think the Queen’s mastery of the poker face is fairly well established by now. At least Her Majesty’s loyal subjects in the audience did not have to endure any act on this very mixed bill for too long. This was essentially an excuse to revive the royal variety show and it moved along at a fast lick, operating a “one song and you’re off ” policy. A few of the more mercenary stars seized the occasion to plug their new singles on primetime BBC (hang your head, Kylie) but most entered into the spirit of the occasion. The biggest screams of the night were not for Prince Harry and Meghan but for Canadian teen idol Shawn Mendes, looking very dapper in a grey suit and playing a black guitar. British pop starlet Anne Marie, on the other hand, looked like she thought she was attending a Smash Hits pyjama party. Occasionally I could see Prince William lean over and whisper in his grandmother’s ear, possibly to explain what she was witnessing – or perhaps to apologise on behalf of his generation. But some curatorial attempt had evidently been made to span musical decades and play the guest of honour some songs she might actually be familiar with. Jamie Cullum made an impression with a swinging version of I Get a Kick Out of You, in which he kicked over his stool, picked it up and waved it at the royal box. Laura Mvula followed on piano with a steamy version of Nina Simone’s I Put a Spell on You, with some ripe horns and velvet strings from the BBC Concert Orchestra. Operatic baritone Alfie Boe’s lusty swing medley was better received than it really deserved to be. But when Craig David tried to get a singalong going, the multi-generational audience proved reluctant to unite in homage to the hits of Noughties garage two step. It wasn’t all Western pop music. The Indian drummers of the Dohl Foundation achieved the rare feat of drowning out Tom Jones on a genuinely unusual version of It’s Not Unusual. The Welsh belter fared better with South African choral group Ladysmith Black Mambazo on The Green Green Grass of Home. It has to be said, though, that the sound at the Royal Albert Hall wasn’t all that impressive, with vocals mixed low and often drowned in echo. I suspect the considerations of the live audience, even including the Royal family, played second fiddle to the technical demands of a TV broadcast. The oddest performance of the night came when Ed Balls and Harry Hill joined comic Frank Skinner and the massed banjos of the George Formby Society. But it was Shaggy who really got the crowd going, throwing himself into the stalls while apparently ageless superstar Sting led the band in a medley of hits. The unlikely duo might just have stolen the show, if they hadn’t been fittingly upstaged in the surreal finale by the weirdly serene onstage appearance of Her Majesty herself. Surprise guest: an onstage appearance by the Queen provided the finale to the night Entertainments Theatres HER MAJESTY'S 020 7087 7762 THE BRILLIANT ORIGINAL THE PHANTOM OF THE OPERA Mon-Sat 7.30, Thu & Sat 2.30 www.ThePhantomOfTheOpera.com Oscar Wilde’s AN IDEAL HUSBAND Vaudeville Theatre Tue-Sat 19.30 | Tue, Thu & Sat 14.30 Extra Tuesday Matinees Advance Senior Rate available 0330 333 4814 ST MARTIN'S 020 7836 1443 66th year of Agatha Christie's THE MOUSETRAP Mon-Sat 7:30pm, Mats Tues & Thurs 3 & Sat 4 www.the-mousetrap.co.uk “Captivating” TIME OUT **** FINANCIAL TIMES QUEEN'S 0844 482 5160 THE MUSICAL PHENOMENON LES MISERABLÉS Eves 7.30, Mats Wed & Sat 2.30 www.LesMis.com Sheila Hancock Bill Milner HAROLD AND MAUDE By Colin Higgins Directed by Thom Southerland CharingCrossTheatre.co.uk 08444-930650 28 *** Monday 23 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph Court & Social Court Circular Countess of Wessex, The Princess Royal and Vice Admiral Sir Tim Laurence, The Duke and Duchess of Gloucester, The Duke and Duchess of Kent, Princess Alexandra, the Hon. Lady Ogilvy, Princess Michael of Kent and other Members of the Royal Family also attended. WINDSOR CASTLE April 21st Today is the 92nd Anniversary of the Birthday of The Queen. Her Majesty this evening attended a Birthday Concert at the Royal Albert Hall, London SW7, and was received by Her Majesty’s Lord-Lieutenant of Greater London (Sir Kenneth Olisa). The Prince of Wales and The Duchess of Cornwall, The Duke of Cambridge, Prince Henry of Wales, The Duke of York, accompanied by Princess Beatrice of York and Princess Eugenie of York, The Earl and KENSINGTON PALACE April 21st Prince Henry of Wales, Patron, Invictus Games Foundation, this morning attended a Reception given by the Hon. Malcolm Turnbull MP (Prime Minister of the Commonwealth of Australia) at Australia House, Strand, London WC2, and was received by the Australian High Commissioner (His Excellency the Hon. Alexander Downer). BUCKINGHAM PALACE April 21st The Princess Royal, accompanied by Vice Admiral Sir Tim Laurence, today carried out the following engagements in Belgium. Her Royal Highness this morning attended the First World War Centenary Service of the Zeebrugge Raid in Zeebrugge. The Princess Royal later attended a Reception, visited an Exhibition and attended a Luncheon at the Governor’s Residence, Burg 3, Bruges. Her Royal Highness this afternoon visited Zeebrugge Commonwealth War Graves Commission Cemetery, SintDonaasstraat 1, Zeebrugge. The Princess Royal and Vice Admiral Sir Tim Laurence later arrived in London from Belgium. Captain Russell Bond was in attendance. WINDSOR CASTLE April 22nd The Queen this morning started the London Marathon from the Quadrangle of Windsor Castle and was received by the Chairman of the London Marathon (Sir John Spurling). KENSINGTON PALACE April 22nd Prince Henry of Wales, Patron, the London Marathon, this afternoon presented the prizes in the Mall, London SW1. For more details about the Royal family, visit royal.uk Today’s birthdays Sir Eric Yarrow, Chairman, Clydesdale Bank, 1985-91, is 98; Prof George Steiner, author, 89; the Most Rev Michael Bowen, RC Archbishop Emeritus of Southwark, 88; the Hon Victoria Glendinning, author and journalist, 81; Sir Russell Hillhouse, former senior civil servant, 80; Sir Richard Mottram, former senior civil servant, 72; Prof Sir Robert Burgess, Vice- Chancellor of the University of Leicester, 1999-2014, 71; Air Chief Marshal Sir Stephen Dalton, Lieutenant-Governor of Jersey; Chief of the Air Staff, 2009-13, 64; Sir Jon Day, Chairman, Joint Intelligence Committee, 2012-15, 64; the Marquess of Abergavenny 63; Mr Barry Douglas, concert pianist, 58; Mr Gianandrea Noseda, Conductor Laureate, BBC Philharmonic Orchestra, 54; Mr Justice Picken 52; Mrs Justice Yip 49; Lady Gabriella Windsor, daughter of Prince and Princess Michael of Kent, 37; Mr Alistair Brownlee, triathlete; Olympic gold medallist, Rio 2016 and London 2012, 30; and Ms Steph Houghton, Captain, England and Manchester City women’s football teams, 30. Today is St George’s Day. It is also the anniversary of the birth of William Shakespeare in 1564 and of his death in 1616, and of the birth of J.M.W. Turner in 1775. Sovereign’s Parade Mr S.H. Broster and Miss K.E. Darby The marriage took place on Saturday, April 21, 2018, at The Great Barn, Aynho, between Samuel, son of Mr and Mrs Mike Broster, and Katrina, daughter of Mr and Mrs Andrew Darby. The bride was attended by Miss Claire Pogorzelski, maid of honour, Mrs Katherine Carter, matron of honour, Miss Lucy Broster, Miss Emma Butler, Miss Amy Anderson and Miss Chloe Whybrew, bridesmaids. Mr Laurence Hegarty was best man and Mr Michael Darby and Mr Robert Rooney were ushers. The honeymoon will be spent in Sri Lanka and the Maldives. Royal Logistic Corps Lt Gen Mark Poﬄey, Deputy Chief of Defence Staﬀ (Military Capability), was the principal guest and speaker at the Waggon Club (RASC/RCT/RLC) dinner held on Saturday in the Oﬃcers' Mess, Prince William of Gloucester Barracks, Grantham, by kind permission of Lt Col Richard Forsyth, SCOTS, CO Army Training Regiment. Lt Col Len Cliﬀord presided and Brig Roger Hood, President, also spoke. Brig Johnny Blair-Tidewell, Commander 102 Logistic Brigade, Col Mike McHenry, USA, Col Brian Kay, Col Steve Rayson, Col John Riggall and Col Mike Robinson were among others present. Online ref: 551331 FIRST WORLD WAR LONDON, TUESDAY APRIL 23, 1918 RICHTHOFEN KILLED ON THE BRITISH FRONT FAMOUS AIRMAN’S FATE FROM PHILIP GIBBS, FRANCE, MONDAY. In our Royal Air Service yesterday great interest was aroused by news that Von Richthofen, the most famous German air fighter after the death of Immelmann, had been killed and brought down in our lines. It was only the day before yesterday that a German official communiqué announced that Rittmeister von Richthofen, commanding their “trusty 11th Pursuit Squadron,” had achieved his 79th and 80th victory in air combats. It will be a great blow to the morale of the German air pilots when they learn that he has at last been destroyed by us. How it happened is not yet quite clear, and there are various theories as to the way in which he was brought down, because there was a general fight over our lines, with many machines engaged on both sides. Richthofen went about with a “circus” of about 27 to 30 fighting scouts, and each of his pilots was renowned for daring achievements. This circus never served on the ordinary routine work of reconnoitring and signalling and spotting for the artillery, but had a roving commission up and down the lines, and their pilots were out for blood all the time. This swarm of raiders appeared yesterday over our lines near the Somme Valley, and gave chase to some of our planes. Two of these were suddenly attacked by four or more fighters, and then the raiders swooped off and the battle passed into another air space northward. Something like 50 machines were engaged in what the flying men call a dog fight, that is when every aeroplane up for miles around joins in the tourney. There was a general melée in the air, pairs of machines closely engaging each other, manœuvring for position, and trying to get in a burst of machine-gun bullets. I hear that some machines on both sides were disabled. The fighting swept over a wide area of sky, so that no single observer could see its details, but as far as Richthofen is concerned it is certain that he was seen flying low, not more than 150ft above the ground, just before his machine crashed in full view of the enemy. Immediately, they started shelling fiercely, no doubt with the intention of destroying its wreckage. It was only when they examined the papers of the dead man that he was known to be the German champion who has killed so many of our gallant fellows in fair fight, but with a most determined and ruthless desire to increase the number of his victims. He was a young man of about 30, slight of build, with fair hair and a clean-shaven face. It is said out here that he had an English mother, and that he was educated at Oxford, but I do not know whether this is true. He was shot through the side close to the heart. According to the custom of our Air Service and of that chivalry which exists between the flying men on each side, Freiherr von Richthofen was buried to-day with full military honours, and his funeral was attended by many of our flight commanders, officers, and men, who paid their respects to a brave enemy, for whose skill and daring they had profound admiration, though he was a deadly menace near our lines. Gen Sir Nicholas Carter, Chief of the General Staff, was present at the Sovereign’s Parade held at The Royal Military Academy Sandhurst on Friday, April 13, 2018. The Sword of Honour was awarded to Senior Under Officer William Andrew Louis McCreadie, who is to commission into the Scots Guards. The Queen’s Medal was awarded to Junior Under Officer George Bignold, who is to commission into The Princess of Wales’s Royal Regiment. The International Sword, presented by the State of Kuwait, was awarded to Officer Cadet Martin Mlakić of Bosina and Herzegovina. The International Award, presented by the State of Qatar, was awarded to Officer Cadet Shehroz Shahid of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. The following have been granted commissions in the Regiments and Corps shown, having successfully completed Commissioning Course No: 172. Abbott, O.G.F., Dean Close School, Cardiff University, RE; Acland, T.A., Sherborne School, University of Exeter, RE; Adams, R.A., The London Oratory School, University of Manchester, PARA; Albutt, A.S., North East Worcestershire College, Roehampton University, RLC; Aldridge, W., Manchester College of Arts and Technology/Stockport Grammar School, University of Nottingham, REME; Amor, H.W.H., Clifton College, Royal Agricultural University, QRH; Andrews, M.J.N., Berkhampsted, University of Leicester, R ANGLIAN; Apczynski, M.M., Douglas Academy, University of Glasgow, AGC (SPS); Appleby, T.J., Ripon Grammar School, R SIGNALS; Atkinson, B.A.S., Oundle School, University of Exeter, RGR; Atkinson, C.E., Dauntsey’s School, University of St Andrews, INT CORPS; Atkinson-Clark, H.W., Eton College, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, SCOTS; Backhouse, E., Aquinas College, University of Portsmouth, RLC; Baker, K.S.H., Hurworth School, University of Hull, AGC (ETS); Barbour, C.J., Craigmount High School, University of Aberdeen, SCOTS; Barnes, G.A.D., St Dunstan’s College, University of Plymouth, RLC; Barrigan, C.H.S., Stokesley School, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, AGC (ETS); Barry, H., The Royal Grammar School Guildford, King’s College London, RRF; Baxter, J.A., King’s School Tynemouth, University of Sunderland, SCOTS; Baxter, R., Rutlish Secondary School, University of Portsmouth, LANCS; Belfield, T., Eastleigh College, R IRISH; Bennett, E.C., Uppingham School, University of Bristol, GREN GDS; Bignold, G., St Mark’s Catholic School, University of Kent, PWRR; Birkett, P.J., The Sutherland School, REME; Blackman, R.B., Stanchester School, Swansea University, R SIGNALS; Booth, T.D., The Duke of York’s Royal Military School, RE; Bottomley, D.D.G., Heckmondwike Grammar School, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, R SIGNALS; Bough, J., Droitwich Spa High School Specialist Sports College, University of Chester, MERCIAN; Brickell, J., Peter Symonds College, Coventry University, REME; Bristol, A.J.H., Radley College, Cardiff University, R SIGNALS; Buchanan, J.A.J., Royal Grammar School, University of Nottingham, RL; Burford, P.J., Simon Langton Grammar School for Boys, University of Warwick, King’s College London, RE; Burgess, C., Radley College, University of Exeter, REME; Burgin, M.P., The Royal Grammar School Guildford, University of Oxford, St Edmund Hill, INT CORPS; Burns, A.J., St Edward’s School, Cardiff University, RIFLES; Buxton, J.B., Ashfield Comprehensive School, Nottingham Trent University, RA; Calder-Potts, R., Cheltenham College, University of Plymouth, ESIC Marketing School, RIFLES; Capps, D.J., Runshaw College, University of Hull, LANCS; Catmur, H.C.S., The Duke of York’s Royal Military School, University of Bristol, RTR; Challinor, A., Guernsey Grammar School, University of Kent, RE; Church, C.J.L., Coleraine Academical Institution, University of Manchester, AGC (SPS); Clark, S.R., Parmiter’s School, University of Birmingham, AGC (ETS); Clements, K.C., City College Plymouth, University of Kent, RE; Collett, J.J., Leasowes Community College, University of Cumbria - Ambleside Campus, R SIGNALS; Colley, L.A., Sibford School, Aberystwyth University, R WELSH; Colquhoun, H., St John’s Marlborough and Dauntsey’s School, RL; Cooke, A., High School for Girls, University of Exeter, RE; Cooper, E.C.C., Newcastleunder-Lyme School, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, QDG; Cox, J.W., Queen Elizabeth’s Grammar School, RE; Cox, W.C., Wymondham College, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, RDG; Coyle, A., Hamilton College, University of Strathclyde, RE; Cubbin, H.S.J., Welbeck - The Defence Sixth Form College, University of Northumbria at Newcastle, R SIGNALS; Davidson, A., Heworth Grange Comprehensive School, University of Manchester, REME; Davidson, C.M., George Heriot’s School, AAC; Deed, J.M.R., Worthing College, University of Brighton, RA; Dewey, P.J.L., Sexey’s School, Loughborough University, RE; Durkin, J., Towneley High School, Edge Hill University, INT CORPS; Dyte, M.T., Chilton Trinity School, University of Plymouth, RLC; Dzwig, A.J.K., The Royal Grammar School, University of Oxford, SCOTS DG; Egerton, J.O., Charterhouse, University of Southampton, PWRR; Ellis, M.R., Royal Wootton Bassett Academy, University of Exeter, RA; Elmhirst, B., Rugby School, Royal Agricultural University, YORKS; Emmitt, J.M., Theale Green Community School, Brunel University, AAC; English, J.C., The Duke of York’s Royal Military School, Southampton Solent University, RA; Everson, S.N., Polam Hall School, Edinburgh Napier University, RLC; Flaherty, O.K., Howard of Effingham, University of Leicester, R SIGNALS; Folkes, J.I., Peter Symonds College, University of Winchester, RLC; Fraser, D., Queen Mary’s College, Coventry University, AGC (ETS); Fuller, J., Sussex Downs College, University of Birmingham, AGC (ETS); Furse, J.P.M., Marlborough College, Oxford Brookes University, R WELSH; Gent, H.J., Gillingham School, University of Plymouth, RA; Gibson, S., King Edward VI School Southampton, University of Reading, RA; Goldsmith Lister, G.D., Ilford County High School, University of the West of England (Bristol UWE), REME; Graff, A.S., Welbeck - The Defence Sixth Form College, University of Northumbria at Newcastle, RE; Graham, O.A., Fallsworth School, University of Durham, RAMC; Green, T.R.C., Marlborough College, University of Liverpool, RE; Gregory, R., Marlborough College, RA; Griffiths, E.A., Abingdon School, University of Nottingham, RE; Groom, T.S.J., Felsted School, University of Derby, RAMC; Hayes, S.H.K., Sherbourne School, Loughborough University, LD; Hebblewhite, L.M.D., Elizabethan High School, Nottingham Trent University, SCOTS DG; Hennah, W., Richard Huish College, University of Bristol, COLDM GDS; Holland, H.R., East Barnet School, University of Liverpool, RLC; Holtom, J.J., Poole Grammar School, University of Plymouth, R SIGNALS; Hooper, A.S., Charterhouse, University of York, RLC; Horne, C.J., Bloxham School, University of Wales, Aberystwyth, RIFLES; Horsley, M., King Edward’s School, R SIGNALS; Horton, A., The Royal Grammar School, University of Nottingham, AAC; Howard, P., Kenilworth School and Sports College, University of Sheffield, MERCIAN; Howes, F.D., Benenden School, University of Oxford, INT CORPS; Hudson, R.L., Park View Community School, Nottingham Trent University, RAMC; Hunter, J.C., Tunbridge Wells Grammar School for Boys, Unknown University Overseas, RDG; Hynd, M.D., Greenhead College, University of Northumbria at Newcastle, R SIGNALS; Jenkins, A.A.D.A., The Cardinal Vaughan RC Memorial School, Imperial College London, RE; Johnston, A.D.D., Dulwich College, University of Birmingham, RE; Johnston, R.M.S., Bishops Diocesan College, Cape Town, University of Reading/Portsmouth, RE; Jones, E.D.D., The King’s School Worcester, Royal Holloway, University of London, RAMC; Jones, E.R., Prior Pursglove College, University of Liverpool, RA; Joy, J.L., Newbury College, University of Manchester, AGC (ETS); Joynson, A.J.P., Dulwich College, Cardiff University, SG; Keenan, A.S.P., Queen Elizabeth’s Grammar School, University of York, MERCIAN; Kelly, J.C.O., Queen Elizabeth Grammar School/Greenhead College, University of Leicester, R SIGNALS; Khondo, A.S., Cranford Community College, Slough Grammar School, University of Huddersfield, REME; Kirkwood, J.W., St Aidan’s School, Sheffield Hallam University, AGC (SPS); Knowles, G.R., North Bromsgrove High School, University of Manchester, REME; Lee, D.M., Heart of England School, University of Bristol, LANCS; Legon, R.P., Royal Alexandra and Albert School, AGC (RMP); Lemon, M.P., Thorpe St Andrew School, University of Kent, PWRR; Liddington, G.R., Sir John Lawes School, University of Birmingham, R ANGLIAN; Long, S.D.M., Long Road Sixth Form College, University of Hull, RLC; Lott, J.A., Maidstone Grammar School, University of Portsmouth, RE; Love, P.K., St Michael’s College, RLC; Lowein-Levy, M.R., Richmond upon Thames College, Open University, RTR; Lowles, H.G., Malvern College, University of Exeter, RAMC; MacDonald-Armitage, B., Bishop Wordsworth’s C of E Grammar School for Boys, University of Southampton, RA; Macdonald-Smith, S.R.S., St Edward’s School, Oxford, University of Durham, GREN GDS; MacLachlan, R.A., Runshaw College, University of Central Lancashire, AGC (ETS); Major, M.C., Claire’s Court and The Royal Grammar School, High Wycombe, University of Reading, RA; Marriott, C., Chesham Grammar School, University of Portsmouth, RLC; Martin, B.D., Kirkby College, REME; Martin, C., Dollar Academy, SCOTS; Mattock, J.H., Altwood C of E School, INT CORPS; Maxwell, S.R.B., Wellington College, QDG; McBean-Willis, S.I.O.J., The Duke of York’s Royal Military School, Loughborough University, RLC; McCreadie, W.A.L., Wellington College, University of Durham, SG; McGinn, A.J., Maidstone Grammar School, University of Portsmouth, REME; McLarnon, L., Belfast Royal Academy, Queen’s University Belfast, AGC (SPS); Meheran, D.T., Beaufort Community School, RA; Mitchell, C.J., St Peter’s Catholic School, Coventry University, AGC (RMP); Morris, W.J., Oakham School, University of Manchester, RA; Mumford, J.W., The Hayesbrook School, University of East Anglia, YORKS; Munnings, J.A., Therfield School, University of Sussex, R IRISH; Munno, E.V., Bedford Modern School, Newcastle University, AGC (RMP); Newbery, F.J., Richmond upon Thames College, REME; Newman, A.P., Abingdon School, University of Southampton, R SIGNALS; Norman, A.E., Graveney School, King’s College London, RIFLES; Ochiltree, A., Thomas Alleyne’s High School, Sheffield Hallam University, R SIGNALS; Odlum, L., Malvern College, University of Exeter, GREN GDS; O’Riordan, J.M.D., Woodbridge School - Senior School, University of Hull, IG; Ozanne, P.A., Elizabeth College, University of Manchester, PWRR; Park, A.S., Highfields School, University of Hull, RA; Parkinson, B.S., Welbeck - The Defence Sixth Form College, University of Northumbria at Newcastle, R SIGNALS; Parr, L.M., The Dukeries College, REME; Phenix-Norman, A., Eston Park School, University of Teesside, RLC; Plunket, O.D.C., Stowe School, University of Exeter, RIFLES; Ponting, T.J., King Edward’s School, The Royal Agricultural University, QRH; Pounsford, K.M., Norwich School, University of Keele, RA; Power, H.E.L., Harrow School, University of Bristol, R WELSH; Poynter, T.W., St John’s School, Southsea, RA; Pryce, A.M., John Taylor High School, Nottingham Trent University, RLC; Ramsden, H.R., Skipton Girls’ High School, University College London, REME; Redman, G., Simon Langton Grammar School for Boys, SCOTS; Rees, S.R., International School Berne, University of Liverpool, RA; Rollason, J.E.S., Castle Sixth Form College, University of Sheffield, INT CORPS; Rootes, A.D., Long Road Sixth Form College, University of Wales, Aberystwyth, RLC; Ryde, B.S., D’Overbroecks, University of Sheffield, RLC. To be continued Recorders The following have been appointed Recorders with effect from April 25, 2018: Mr Jacques Max Algazy, QC, Ms Angela Marie Frost, Prof Matthew Charles Edmund Happold, Mrs Mary Prior, Mr Ian Stephen Unsworth, QC, Mr John Philip Scott, Mr Jeremy Marc Brier, Ms Patricia Ann Hitchcock, QC, Ms Debra Ann Powell, QC, Ms Maya Sikand, Mrs Georgina Craig Clark, Ms Quincy Rachel Suzy Whitaker and Mrs Rosein Moira Magee. Legal news Judge Joy retired as a Circuit Judge with effect from April 19, 2018. Tribunal Judge Walker retired with effect from April 19, 2018. Tribunal Judge Kidd retired with effect from April 18, 2018. Prize-winners of crossword 28,713 First three prize winners are: B. G. Beck, Lewes, East Sussex; Roy Burrell, Newcastle upon Tyne; Nicholas Collins, Sandwich, Kent. Runners-up: A. J. & I. Simpson, Saxmundham, Suffolk; Mrs W. Lawler, Penrith, Cumbria; Maire Wilson, Ellesmere Port, Cheshire; Malcolm Instone, Hertfordshire; J. F. Robinson, North Sheilds, Tyne & Wear; Roy Edwards, Woking, Surrey; Stuart Milner, Leeds, West Yorkshire; W. W. Watson, Droitwich, Worcestershire; Margaret Day, Boston, Lincolnshire. Mr R. Sare, Chigwell, Essex; A. J. Ridell, Binfield, Berkshire; Stephen Turner, Newhaven, East Sussex. BAGNALL.—John (Bags) Bagnall, of Tunbridge Wells, died peacefully in hospital, aged 95, on 2nd April 2018. He will be sadly missed and fondly remembered by family and friends. Funeral Service will be held at Surrey and Sussex Crematorium on 3rd May at 1.30 p.m. Family ﬂowers only. Online ref: 552588 COTTON.—A. John S. on 14th April 2018 at East Surrey Hospital following a stroke in 2017, aged 83. Dearly loved husband, proud father, delighted grandfather and friend to many who treasure his memory. Service of Thanksgiving on Friday 18th May, 2 p.m. at St. Mary Magdalene, South Holmwood. Donations in lieu of ﬂowers to The Royal Artillery Benevolent Fund c/o Sherlock Funeral Service, Trellis House, Dorking RH4 2ES. Online ref: 552642 DOWNING.—Ian Christopher, died on 26th March 2018, after a short illness, aged 67. Funeral Service at St Marylebone Crematorium, East End Road, London N2 0RZ on 30th April 2018, at 2 p.m. No ﬂowers please, but donations, if desired, to Cancer Research UK and sent to the Funeral Directors: William Beckett, 29 Junction Road, London N19 5QT. Tel: 020 72724114. Online ref: A223692 GRIFFITHS.—Ronald James died 15th April 2018, aged 84. Dearly loved husband, father and grandfather. Online ref: 552665 HONE.—Eva Agnarsdotter, (née Hall), died peacefully in the evening of 9th April 2018, aged 85, after a short stay in St. Thomas' Hospital, London. Loving wife of Barry, much loved mother of Joanna and Rupert and grandmother of Poppy, Hector and Ludo. She will be greatly missed by her family and many friends. A Service of Thanksgiving will be held at Chelsea Old Church, London on Friday 14th September at 2 p.m. Flowers or donations, if desired, to Macmillan Cancer Support, www.macmillan.org.uk All enquiries to Chelsea Funeral Directors. Tel. 0207 352 0008. Joanna and Rupert can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org Online ref: A223647 MACGILLIVRAY.—Captain Ian Stewart, Royal Navy, died peacefully at home on 18th April, aged 90. Loving and deeply loved husband, father, stepfather and grandfather. Private family funeral. Details of thanksgiving service will be announced at a later date. Online ref: 552680 RUSSELL.—Edward D.W. on 11th April 2018, in Devon. Devoted father of Camilla and grandfather of Lara and Alicia Horn. Funeral private. Online ref: A223680 STANION.—Percival died peacefully at home on 29th March 2018. Much loved husband, father, brother, uncle, friend and colleague. Memorial Service at University Church of St Mary, Oxford, on Monday 4th June at 11 a.m. No ﬂowers. Donations, if desired, to Cancer Research UK. Online ref: 552590 TEARE.—John Anthony, sadly passed away unexpectedly on 18th April 2018, aged 77 years. Devoted and much loved husband of Rosemary, wonderful Dad of Fiona and Joanna, adored and proud Pop of John, Fergus and Freya. He will be greatly missed by all. Funeral Service to be held at Landican Crematorium on Friday 11th May at 11.30 a.m. Family ﬂowers only please, donations, if desired for Clatterbridge Cancer Charity c/o Charles Stephens Funeral Directors. Tel: 0151 645 4396. Online ref: 552688 TOPHAM.—Rosemary Phyllis, peacefully on 19th April 2018, aged 90 years. Of Eltisley, Cambridgeshire. A great family lady. Funeral at Eltisley Church, on Friday 4th May 2018 at 2.30 p.m. Family ﬂowers only. Donations, if desired, to the East Anglian Air Ambulance. Online ref: A223679 WATTS-RUSSELL.—Gina Spinola, aged 98, died peacefully on 10th April 2018. Beloved wife of the late Major David Watts-Russell, much loved mother, grandmother and great grandmother. Private cremation service. Online ref: 552675 WRAY.—Marjorie. Nurse and former Practice Manager at Western Elms Surgery. Passed away April 14th 2018, aged 96 years. Beloved and devoted wife of the late Kenneth, cherished mother of Elizabeth, Margaret and Helen, grandmother and great-grandmother. Funeral Service will be held at Reading Crematorium, South Chapel on Thursday 3rd May at 12.15 p.m. Donations, if desired, in memory of Marjorie to the Thames Valley Air Ambulance may be made via www.abwalker.co.uk All enquiries to A.B. Walker, 0118 9573650. Online ref: 552631 WE KNOW that we have come to know him if we keep his commands. Whoever says, ‘I know him,’ but does not do what he commands is a liar, and the truth is not in that person. But if anyone obeys his word, love for God is truly made complete in them. This is how we know we are in him: whoever claims to live in him must live as Jesus did. 1 John 2.3-5 CASH PAID. For R.A.F. Flying Log Books. Please phone 0208 693 7647. *** The Daily Telegraph Monday 23 April 2018 29 Obituaries Lord Digby Verne Troyer L ORD DIGBY, who died on Easter Sunday aged 93, served as an officer in the Coldstream Guards during the Emergency in Malaya and in the British Army on the Rhine; he was later a successful Lord Lieutenant of Dorset. The biographer of an earlier family member, Sir Kenelm Digby (16031665), an English courtier, wrote of the family that “something in all the Digbys caused them to win renown by being at odds with society” – though the rogue gene would appear to have been more prevalent among the females of the species. In the 19th century a Jane Digby became one of the great adventuresses of her time, leaving a trail of husbands and lovers from Bavaria to Syria. In the 20th century Lord Digby’s oldest sister Pamela (later Harriman), would become, as her obituary put it in the Daily Telegraph in 1997, “Winston Churchill’s daughter-in-law, the lover of some of the world’s richest men, a powerful Washington hostess, a multi-millionairess and finally a successful diplomat” – the American ambassador to France from 1993 to 1997. Lord Digby’s own career followed a more conventional aristocratic path. He was born Edward Henry Kenelm Digby on July 24 1924, the third child of Edward Kenelm Digby, 11th Baron Digby, KG, DSO, MC & Bar. His mother Pamela (née Bruce) was a daughter of the 2nd Lord Aberdare. Young Eddie grew up at his family’s 1,500-acre estate at Minterne Magna near Dorchester in Dorset, which had been bought in the late 18th century by Robert Digby (1732-1815), who had served as an Admiral during the American War of Independence. The present rambling manor house was constructed between 1904 and 1906 to designs by Leonard Stokes, who considered it to be one his best Digby captained the Lords and Commons’ skiing team in Davos attended Octu. Following a period of ill health he received a regular commission and in 1948 embarked with 2nd Battalion for Far East Land Forces. The next two years were spent in Malaya specialising in wireless communications and living in the jungle. His battalion area, 4,000 square miles in size, included the Cameron Highlands from where, in a letter home, he reported a visit to a “very good hotel”, but added: “I don’t know whether it will remain good as we have just arrested the head waiter and barman as communists.” He was ADC to General Sir John Harding, the C-in-C, Far East Land Forces between 1950 and 1951. He accompanied Harding on a visit to General Douglas MacArthur during the Korean War and again when Harding became C-in-C BAOR. In 1953 he resigned his commission and the following year joined the Regular Army Reserve. Digby served as a member of Dorchester Rural District Council in 1962 and was a Dorset county councillor from 1966 to 1981, serving as vice-chairman from 1977. Meanwhile, in 1964 he inherited the barony from his father. Much of his time was devoted to running the estate. At harvest time he could be found driving the combine, although he admitted preferring farm machinery when it broke down because that was when it became “interesting”. He also set about converting part of the 69-room Minterne House, which had been a Royal Naval hospital during the war, into flats and opening it to groups such as the National Trust and the University of the Third Age. In the mid-1960s Digby became chairman of the Royal Agricultural Society of the Commonwealth, attending its conferences in Toronto, Nairobi and Cambridge with the buildings. The gardens, regarded as among the finest in Dorset, are notable for their historic collections of rare rhododendrons and azaleas brought back by the great Victorian plant hunters. Edward was educated at Eton and Trinity College, Oxford. He then received an emergency commission into the Coldstream Guards and later society’s president, the Duke of Edinburgh. He was a non-executive director of the construction company Beazer from 1981 to 1992, playing an important role in its expansion, particularly in the US. Digby, a keen writer of letters to the Daily Telegraph, was also a fine skier and captained the Lords and Commons’ skiing team for five years during their races against Swiss parliamentarians held in Davos each January. He served as Lord Lieutenant of Dorset from 1984 to 1999, when he was appointed KCVO. His gift for tact was evident in 2015 when he welcomed a party of visitors from the French town of Louviers. He explained the history of his family but diplomatically said little about the massive painting of the Battle of Trafalgar in Minterne House depicting his ancestor, Sir Henry Digby, in action. In 2010 Digby came to the aid of Julian Fellowes, the creator of Downton Abbey, after Jean Marsh, co-creator of Upstairs Downstairs, accused Fellowes of “overglamorising” the lives of servants. Digby fondly recalled the Mickey Mouse films played in the servants’ hall at Minterne when he was a boy and that the only beating his father ever administered was for being rude to a servant. “The idea that Victorian servants were downtrodden is nonsense,” he told the Daily Mail. “I still get letters from people telling me that their grandmother had such happy memories serving in my house.” In 1952 he married Dione Sherbrooke, younger daughter of Rear Admiral Robert St Vincent Sherbrooke, VC, who had an eminent career as founder of the Summer Music Society of Dorset. She survives him with two sons and a daughter. His eldest son, Henry, inherits the title. Edward Digby, 12th Baron Digby, born July 24 1924, died April 1 2018 Livia Gollancz Determined and imaginative publisher who earlier played French horn with the Hallé Orchestra ANNE PURKISS/LEBRECHT MUSIC & ARTS L IVIA GOLLANCZ, who has died aged 97, was a French horn player who retired from orchestral life in her thirties to devote her life to the publishing house set up by her father, Victor. Her main preoccupations were music and literature, which she pursued with relish and zeal. Perhaps her most signal achievement in publishing was to marry the past with the present, incorporating the feeling – instilled by her father – of an old-school family publishing firm that succeeded in keeping up with the changing needs of the modern world. After Victor’s death in 1967, Livia Gollancz took control of the firm, proving herself to be determined and imaginative. She helped to steer its fortunes through the 1970s and 1980s, discovering some new authors and losing some of the older ones, but retaining most of the “star” writers. A J Cronin (author of The Citadel, published by Gollancz in 1937) and Daphne du Maurier (Rebecca, 1938) were counted among the writers who remained loyal during the changeover period. Others on the Gollancz list included Kingsley Amis (Lucky Jim, 1953), E P Thompson (The Making of the English Working Class, 1963) and Anthony Price (The Labyrinth Makers, 1970). Victor had commissioned George Orwell’s The Road to Wigan Pier (1937), a bleak account of life in working-class northern Britain, but they had parted company after he declined Homage to Catalonia, the author’s observations of the Spanish Civil War. As managing director, Livia Gollancz developed a great confidence in the business. Yet one of her principal interests was a study of the apparatus of management, to the Livia Gollancz: she pursued music and literature with relish bemusement of some clients. “A veritable portrait of the artist as a manager,” sighed one waggish author. Livia Ruth Gollancz was born in Notting Hill, West London, on May 25 1920, the eldest of five daughters of Victor, who had been thrown out of Repton for teaching pacifism. Her mother Ruth (née Lowry) was a painter, while her maternal grandmother, Henrietta, had looked like Emmeline Pankhurst and would sometimes switch clothes to help the Suffragette leader escape from the authorities. Victor, who only attended synagogue on Yom Kippur, would read Sherlock Holmes to the family after lunch on Saturdays and extracts from the New Testament on Sundays. Although a Hebrew grace was said at dinner, by the age of 14 Livia had stopped going to synagogue. In an interview for the British Library, she recalled her young self as “fiercely independent, with a mass of hair”. She was seven when her father set up his publishing house, but the lure of books was not yet strong. “For me, from the age of eight onwards, music was the only thing,” she wrote. Her formal education was at St Paul’s Girls’ School, where she joined the Young Communists. Her first instrument was the violin, but she played viola in the school orchestra and it was with this that she entered the Royal College of Music. She learnt the horn in her own in time and by the age of 20 was playing with the wartime London Symphony Orchestra. She recalled being in Leicester at the time of her 21st birthday when the pianist Benno Moiseivitch invited some of the orchestra to go drinking; she managed to stay sober enough to get them back to their digs. The Hallé followed and she was playing principal horn in the Manchester orchestra by the age of 23, although John Barbirolli dropped her after she expressed reservations about his conducting style. Livia Gollancz was playing with orchestras in Scotland when a friend introduced her to hill walking on Ben Lomond. She lasted only ten minutes, but later got into rambling on Kinder Scout. Back in London she joined the Covent Garden orchestra, which turned out to be a mistake because she lacked pit experience and Karl Rankl, the music director, did not approve of orchestral women. She then freelanced while studying physics, chemistry and biology at Regent Street Polytechnic with a view to retraining in medicine. Despite writing to a friend in the early 1950s that she “got bouquets for the sounds made”, Livia Gollancz retired from orchestral life in 1953. She continued to play as an amateur, notably with Chelsea Opera, which the opera-loving Victor once rescued after an ill-attended performance of Weber’s Der Freischütz. Instead of medicine, she was coaxed to the family publishing company by her father. She started by sticking labels on to envelopes, but was quickly promoted to typographer – not because she was her father’s daughter, but because she had inherited her mother’s talent for visual space. Victor taught her the whole business, although she recalled that the hardest thing after years of orchestral playing was working more sociable hours. Livia Gollancz was in America when her father’s death was announced. She now had to learn to read people as well as manuscripts. Despite some early failures of communication, when she attempted to emulate Victor’s more autocratic style, she soon grasped the hard facts of merchandising, which she disliked calling “marketing”, and the more sophisticated essentials of being head of a publishing company. The business was sold in 1989 and, after various ownerships, is now the science fiction imprint of Orion. Livia Gollancz, who was unmarried, now returned to playing the viola and began exploring the Himalayas. Although she would speak with self-deprecation of her publishing achievements, her eyes would brighten at the mention of music. It was dominant in her life – whether playing professionally, as an amateur in middle age, or while listening in her later years – and remained so until the end. Livia Gollancz, born May 25 1920, died March 29 2018 Avicii Prolific tunesmith and DJ whose electronic dance music was embraced by the millennial generation SIPA USA/REX/SHUTTERSTOCK A VICII, the Swedish DJ and musician Tim Bergling, who has died aged 28, was a superstar of the club world; he was the creator of such dance anthems as I Could Be the One and Wake Me Up, both of which were No 1 hits in Britain in 2013 and were embraced by the millennial generation. Unlike the UK, where the rave culture has been established since the Eighties, mainstream America has historically been resistant to dance music since the death of disco. That began to change a decade ago, with the creation of vast, often open-air clubs in cities such as Miami and Las Vegas, mimicking those beloved of Europeans in Ibiza and playing what is now known as EDM (electronic dance music). As in the Balearics, DJs who could keep crowds of tens of thousands in a state of escapist euphoria for hours became as in demand as pop stars. Soon, the likes of David Guetta began to release music of their own. But while Guetta is 50, the elfin-looking Bergling was the same age as many of those consuming it. A prolific tunesmith – Nile Rodgers Tim Bergling (Avicii): he married compulsive beats to simple lyrics of Chic called him “one of the greatest natural melody writers” – Bergling married compulsive beats to simple lyrics, addressing the concerns of his age group. The videos for Levels, his breakthrough hit in 2011, and I Could Be the One showed office workers shedding the shackles of corporate life. That for Addicted to You (2013) depicted an LGBT+ Bonnie and Clyde as Bonnie and Bonnie. Another influence was folk music. Wake Me Up, which came from his first album True (2013) with vocals by Aloe Blacc, was among the first dance tracks to have a bluegrass tinge and there was euphoric chaos when Bergling played it as an encore at Earl’s Court in 2014 accompanied by fireworks, lasers and confetti cannons. Hey Brother, a No 2 hit in the UK in 2013, also had a country feel. His take on Feeling Good (2015), a cover of Nina Simone’s classic, was used for a Volvo car advert. However, the original video to that number made clear Avicii’s discontent with his fame. At 25 he collaborated with Madonna (Girl Gone Wild) and Coldplay (A Sky Full of Stars), and last year worked with Rita Ora (Lonely Together). He was twice nominated for a Grammy and played at the World Cup closing ceremony in 2014 and the Swedish royal wedding in 2015. Blond, blue-eyed and usually seen wearing a baseball cap backwards, Bergling was paid $250,000 per night to DJ – he tried to retract a revelation that his sets were recorded, not spontaneous – and Forbes estimated his earnings in 2015 at $19 million. His music has been streamed 11 billion times on Spotify alone. He was born Tim Bergling on September 8 1989 in Stockholm, the son of Klas-Otto Bergling and Anki Lidén, an actress who was the mother in the film My Life as a Dog (1985). He had three older half-siblings, two of whom are also musicians. His father’s tastes ran to Ray Charles, but Tim discovered house music as a teenager. Although happier at his computer than on stage, he won a talent competition run by the DJ Pete Tong and began recording as Avicii, the word for the lowest level of hell in Buddhism (he added an extra i). However, in 2016 he was taken to hospital with acute pancreatitis, thought to be caused by excessive drinking on tour. He played his last gig in Ibiza that year. On hearing of his death, thousands of young people gathered in central Stockholm to celebrate his music. Avicii, born September 8 1989, died April 20 2018 V ERNE TROYER, who has died aged 49, was the diminutive actor best known for playing Mini-Me in the second and third Austin Powers spy spoof films directed by Jay Roach. Mini-Me first appeared as an eighth-size clone of Dr Evil (played by Mike Myers) in Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me (1999). The character spoke few words, but was the subject of several gratuitous visual gags – including being flushed down a lavatory and into space. It was a box-office hit, with Troyer and Myers sharing the following year’s MTV Movie Award for best on-screen duo. He reprised the role three years later in Austin Powers in Goldmember, a parody of the James Bond film Goldfinger, starring Beyoncé and Michael Caine. Despite never having had acting lessons, Troyer made frequent appearances on screen, notably as Percy in The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus, Terry Gilliam’s 2009 fantasy film. The same year he also came fourth in the Channel 4 television show Celebrity Big Brother (won by Ulrika Jonsson), causing chaos as he drove around the house on his scooter. Verne Jay Troyer was born into an Amish community at Sturgis, Michigan, on New Year’s Day 1969, one of three children of Susan and Reuben Troyer, who were factory workers. He was still a child when his parents left the Amish, or “jumped the fence”, as his father put it. He would later reminisce nostalgically on their simpler life, though admitted that he could not cope without a phone or computer. “When I go back there now I still get into that culture,” he said. “I can drive a horse and buggy.” Born with cartilage-hair hypoplasia, a bone disorder that leads to dwarfism, Troyer stood 2ft 8in (81cm). Nevertheless, he was always included in family activities: “I had to do everything my brother and sister had to do, including raising our animal menagerie that included cows and chickens.” At Centreville High School, Michigan, he was bullied. “There was a kid [who] called me the M-word,” he told Oprah Winfrey. “That’s just derogatory slang – the proper thing to say is either little person or dwarf. So I basically jumped up, KRISTIAN DOWLING/GETTY IMAGES Army officer who served as Lord Lieutenant of Dorset and drove the combine at harvest time Tiny actor known for playing Mini-Me in Austin Powers films Small was normal for Troyer: ‘It’s you guys who are abnormal’ punched him in the nose and his nose started bleeding.” Troyer worked as a telephone operator in Michigan, but was laid off at age 21. He joined his brother, who had moved to Texas, and found work in a customer service department. His acting break came when an organisation called Little People of America called. They had been asked to find a stunt double for the character Bink, a ninemonth-old baby, in the film Baby’s Day Out (1994). “I sent in my picture, and [the film company] flew me out to Hollywood,” he recalled. “Two days later, they offered me the job.” After the Austin Powers successes he appeared in several films, including How the Grinch Stole Christmas (2000) and Gnome Alone (2015). He was also Griphook the goblin in Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone (2001). Troyer, a devoted video gamer, had a long battle with alcoholism. He enjoyed a colourful personal life and often visited Hugh Hefner’s Playboy mansion. In February 2004 he married the model Genevieve Gallen, but filed for an annulment the following day. Four years later a sex video emerged online of Troyer with his girlfriend, Ranae Shrider. Latterly he was in a relationship with the actress Brittney Powell, appearing with her and her son in Celebrity Wife Swap (2015). Verne Troyer insisted that his height had never been a disadvantage, but he did take exception to being patted on the head, saying: “I’m not a lapdog.” Asked about his experiences of being short, he replied: “I don’t know what it’s like to be tall, so this is normal for me. It’s you guys who are abnormal.” Verne Troyer, born January 1 1969, died April 21 2018 30 *** Monday 23 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph Television & radio The weekend on television Jasper Rees ees A feminist battle-cry for the #MeToo generation It slightly stole the thunder of the book’s famous opening, in which Hartright encountered the disturbed will o’ the wisp Anne Catherick after dark in a deserted London suburb. As for the actual plot, director Carl Tibbetts and scriptwriter Fiona Seres have shrewdly kept faith with the novel’s piecemeal structure in which the various characters all tell bits of the story from their own point of view. Here they make witness statements to a dependable lawyer (Art Malik). T T Stirring: Olivia Vinall and Ben Hardy in ‘The Woman in White’ here are half a dozen much loved 19th-century novels on an adaptation rota. Jane Eyre, Great Expectations and Pride and Prejudice come around as if by clockwork. The Woman in White is also on the list thanks to its status as the first ever unputdownable serial thriller. Airing on BBC One, this is the broadcaster’s fourth go at it in 50 years. But however much it’s loved, there’s not much point in exhuming the same old story without an up-to-date angle. Well, we’ve got one here. Though it would have been commissioned long before Harvey Weinstein was exposed, the latest version was swift to position itself as a timely proto-feminist battle-cry for the #MeToo generation. In the lapel-grabbing opening, Marian Halcombe (Jessie Buckley) said it like it still is: “How is it men crush women time and time again and go unpunished?” But there’s more to this telling than merely calling out Victorian abusers like Sir Percival Glyde (Dougray Scott), who has already been outed as an inheritance-hunter of doubtful sincerity. Any account of Wilkie Collins’s 1860 novel is only as good as its Marian. The BBC’s last two Marians – Diana Quick in 1982, Tara Fitzgerald in 1997 – were formidable but still feminised. Jessie Buckley’s interpretation is an invigorating tonic. “You will soon find out we are not the most traditional ladies,” she advised. I’ll say. When the painter Walter Hartright first claps eyes on her in the novel, he’s taken aback when the young dark-haired woman with the shapely silhouette turns to reveal she’s “ugly” (Collins’s word, not mine). Plus she’s got a bit of a tache. Here he spotted Marian through a door, briskly fixing the laces on her leggings, part of a chappish get-up featuring culottelike strides and exotic smoking coats. She glugged brandy and smoothly wielded a billiard cue. She’s far more manly than Ben Hardy’s milksop Hartright. As the woman in trousers, Buckley’s splendid Ms Halcombe is shaping up to be a genderqueer pin-up in a “woke” Woman in White. As in Ordeal by Innocence, the narrative kicked off abruptly with an untimely death. Before the credits had even played, the lid was drawn across the casket containing the mortal remains of Marian’s beautiful half-sister Laura Fairlie. Collins waited several hundred pages before he stunned his readers with that shock. This is doubtless a calculated move. A contemporary audience of restless screen-hoppers prefers an up-front guarantee of thrills and chills to come. he other thing I liked about this new take was the way that, much more than the BBC’s single drama version in 1997, it frankly embraced the trappings of serial melodrama: coincidence, sensation, an astonishing likeness. Olivia Vinall deftly portrayed both the vanilla heiress Laura and the nervy asylum escapee Anne, the latter deformed by an alarming set of Addams Family dentures. Playing Laura, a passive chattel of the patriarchy, can be a short straw, but here Vinall was granted agency, racily proposing a dip in the sea, and diving in for the first kiss with Walter. There were also less charming signs of bracing modernity, including an absolute paradiddle of glottal stops: “Hartright” often came out as “Har’righ’”. My eyes involuntarily rolled at the dark roots to Laura’s bottle-blonde hair, and the word “subconscious” borrowed anachronistically from the future. The magic of the shooting schedule found some trees were stripped for winter while the Limmeridge garden was in full Miracle Gro bloom. (Cumberland is handsomely impersonated by Northern Ireland.) Charles Dance is glorious as Frederick Fairlie, the half-sisters’ fusspotty old uncle. His grumbles about enfeebled health felt especially ridiculous in a figure of such bruising physical heft and a peremptory bass voice that issues forth in clipped stentorian barks. He looks about as unwell as a peak-condition prizefighter. Still, no matter. This stirring series treads a neat line between fidelity and up-to-date social commentary. The Woman in White ★★★★ What to watch Factual The Real Camilla: HRH the Duchess of Cornwall Rip Off Britain: Food ITV, 9.00PM BBC ONE, 9.15AM A combination of reverence and access or lack thereof tends to ensure that royal documentaries rarely give viewers the warts-and-all depiction they might require. That’s certainly the case with this pleasant if undemanding ITV take on the life of the Duchess of Cornwall. The usual mixture of friends, family and royal correspondents give their opinion on the “real Camilla” – her nephew Ben Elliott comes closest to lifting the veil when he talks about what to get her for Christmas – and there’s a whistle-stop tour of the whole Charles/ Camilla/Diana story, albeit one that glosses over the over the crucial decade when the Prince of Wales’s marriage fell apart. Ultimately, what saves it all from sycophancy is Camilla herself, who comes across as hardworking, easy-going and, above all, game. “She was fun, she made people laugh,” says a contributor early on and watching the Duchess chatting to various guests, young and old, you can The popular daytime consumer series returns with a focus on food as presenters Angela Rippon, Gloria Hunniford and Julia Somerville look at the ins and outs of going out for a meal and consider public complaints. SH Holidays Unpacked CHANNEL 4, 8.00PM Lucy Hedges and Morland Sanders are our guides in this new series, which aims to take us to the world’s “up-and-coming destinations”. In practice, this means that Hedges heads to Israel to float in the Dead Sea while Sanders goes zip-lining in Costa Rica. SH Travel Man: 48 Hours on the Cote d’Azur CHANNEL 4, 8.30PM Comedian Shazia Mirza is Richard Ayoade’s guest on a whistle-stop tour from Nice Easy-going: the Duchess of Cornwall on her 70th birthday believe it. The night’s best tribute, however, comes, fittingly, from the man most qualified to judge: “She’s the best listener in the world,” notes Prince Charles, his delivery heartfelt. Sarah Hughes that will ultimately become Guernica. SH Documentary Secret Agent Selection: WW2 Westworld BBC TWO, 9.00PM SKY ATLANTIC, 9.00PM & 10.20PM It’s concealment and camouflage week as our would-be secret agents are sent to the Scottish Highlands. It’s arguably the toughest training yet as the gang find themselves scrambling over rocks and wading through freezing lakes. SH Television’s coldest show returns with creators Jonathan Nolan and Lisa Joy having dialled back the tricksiness so that most of the time jumps and puzzles feel organic to the plot, although the overall effect is still pretty soulless. Understandably, last season’s revelations have led to chaos as Dolores (Evan Rachel Wood) seeks vengeance on her former masters. Thandie Newton’s Maeve and Jeffrey Wright’s Bernard provide the rare moments of emotion. SH Drama Genius: Picasso NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC, 8.00PM Antonio Banderas plays Spain’s most famous painter Genius: Picasso – Banderas in this sumptuous take on the life of Pablo Picasso. The action in the first episode flashes between two key periods in Picasso’s life: the moment as a boy when he realised he had to become an artist and 1937 when he receives the commission Westworld: Evan Rachel Wood to Monaco. There’s a nice relaxed vibe between the two of them as they bond over their love of Roger Moore (sorry), although Mirza tests Ayoade’s patience with her misuse of the word “literally”. SH Sport Tennis: The Barcelona Open SKY SPORTS MAIN EVENT, 10.00AM It’s the opening day in the clay-court tournament at the Real Club de Tennis Barcelona, where Rafael Nadal triumphed last year for the 10th time. SH Radio choice Charlotte Runcie The Art of Immersion RADIO 4, 4.00PM Immersive virtual reality (VR) games and devices seemed like something that would only ever be found in the realms of sci-fi even a couple of decades ago, but now virtual reality has become, well, reality. This inquisitive documentary, Radio 1 FM 97.6-99.8MHz 6.30 am The Radio 1 Breakfast Show with Nick Grimshaw 10.00 Clara Amfo 12.45 pm Newsbeat 1.00 Scott Mills 4.00 Greg James 5.45 Newsbeat 6.00 Greg James 7.00 Annie Mac 9.00 The 8th with Charlie Sloth 11.00 Huw Stephens 1.00 am Radio 1’s Drum & Bass Show with Rene LaVice 3.00 Radio 1’s Specialist Chart with Phil Taggart 4.00 - 6.30am Radio 1’s Early Breakfast Show with Adele Roberts Radio 2 FM 88-90.2MHz 6.30 9.30 12.00 2.00 5.00 7.00 8.00 10.00 10.30 11.00 12.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 am Chris Evans Ken Bruce Jeremy Vine pm Steve Wright in the Afternoon Amol Rajan The Blues Show with Paul Jones Jo Whiley The Taylors Censored Jools Holland Johnnie Walker’s Sounds of the 70s am Radio 2’s Jazz Playlist Radio 2 Playlists: Great British Songbook Radio 2 Playlists: Hidden Treasures - 6.30am Nicki Chapman Radio 3 FM 90.2-92.4MHz 6.30 am Breakfast 9.00 Essential Classics 12.00 Composer of the Week: Strozzi 1.00 pm News 1.02 Radio 3 Lunchtime Concert 2.00 Afternoon Concert 4.30 BBC Young Musician 2018 presented by digital video artist Adham Faramawy, looks at how powerful immersive VR can be. Faramawy engages deeply with philosophical questions about simulation’s darker side, and why it can feel so unnerving, even disturbing - including VR that seeks to emulate the experience of death. 5.00 In Tune 7.00 In Tune Mixtape 7.30 Radio 3 in Concert. The London Symphony Orchestra perform Tippett and Mahler’s final works 10.00 Music Matters 10.45 The Essay: Dark Blossoms 11.00 Jazz Now 12.30 - 6.30am Through the Night Radio 4 FM 92.4-94.6MHz; LW 198KHz 6.00 am Today 9.00 Start the Week 9.45 FM: Book of the Week: Sharp: The Women Who Made an Art of Having an Opinion 9.45 LW: Daily Service 10.00 Woman’s Hour 11.00 Inherited Fear 11.30 Spike Milligan: Inside Out 12.00 News 12.01 pm LW: Shipping Forecast 12.04 Home Front 12.15 You and Yours 12.57 Weather 1.00 The World at One 1.45 Chinese Characters 2.00 The Archers 2.15 Drama: An Open Return 3.00 Brain of Britain 3.30 The Food Programme 4.00 ◆ The Art of Immersion. See Radio choice 4.30 Beyond Belief 5.00 PM 5.54 LW: Shipping Forecast 5.57 Weather 6.00 Six O’Clock News 6.30 The Unbelievable Truth 7.00 The Archers 7.15 Front Row 7.45 Curious Under the Stars 8.00 ◆ Imperial Echo. See Radio choice 8.30 Crossing Continents 9.00 The Second Genome 9.30 Start the Week 9.59 Weather 10.00 The World Tonight 10.45 Book at Bedtime: Nikesh Shukla – The One Who Wrote Destiny Imperial Echo RADIO 4, 8.00PM After this year’s Commonwealth Games have drawn to a close, BBC News Royal Correspondent Jonny Dymond speaks to senior figures attending the 2018 London Commonwealth Heads of Government meeting, as well as experts 11.00 11.30 12.00 12.30 12.48 1.00 5.20 5.30 5.43 5.45 5.58 Word of Mouth Today in Parliament News and Weather am Book of the Week: Sharp: The Women Who Made an Art of Having an Opinion Shipping Forecast As World Service Shipping Forecast News Briefing Prayer for the Day Farming Today - 6.00am Tweet of the Day Radio 5 Live MW 693 & 909KHz 6.00 am 5 Live Breakfast 10.00 The Emma Barnett Show with Anna Foster 1.00 pm Afternoon Edition 4.00 5 Live Drive 7.00 5 Live Sport 8.00 5 Live Sport: Premier League Football 2017-18. Everton v Newcastle United (kick-off 8.00pm). Top-flight commentary from Goodison Park 10.00 5 Live Sport: 5 Live Football Social 10.30 Phil Williams 1.00 am Up All Night 5.00 Morning Reports 5.15 - 6.00am Wake Up to Money Classic FM FM 99.9-101.9MHz 6.00 9.00 1.00 5.00 7.00 8.00 am More Music Breakfast John Suchet pm Anne-Marie Minhall Classic FM Drive Smooth Classics at Seven The Full Works Concert. To celebrate St George’s Day, Jane Jones presents assorted English discoveries, including Elgar’s Pomp & Circumstance March No 5, and music by Deep Purple veteran Jon Lord 10.00 Smooth Classics 1.00 - 6.00am Sam Pittis in the study of British and Commonwealth history, to chart the history of the institution and to ask some pertinent questions: does the Commonwealth have a glorious past, but a less interesting future? With its post-colonial mission to be “free and equal”, what does it achieve, and what defines it? World Service DIGITAL ONLY 6.00am Newsday 8.06 HARDtalk 8.30 Business Daily 8.50 Witness 9.00 News 9.06 The Arts Hour 10.00 World Update 11.00 The Newsroom 11.30 The Conversation 12.00 News 12.06pm Outlook 1.00 The Newsroom 1.30 The Why Factor 1.50 More or Less 2.00 Newshour 3.00 News 3.06 HARDtalk 3.30 World Business Report 4.00 BBC OS 6.00 News 6.06 Outlook 7.00 The Newsroom 7.30 Sport Today 8.00 News 8.06 HARDtalk 8.30 Discovery 9.00 Newshour 10.00 News 10.06 The Why Factor 10.30 The Conversation 11.00 News 11.06 The Newsroom 11.20 Sports News 11.30 World Business Report 12.00 News 12.06am The Arts Hour 1.00 News 1.06 Business Matters 2.00 News 2.06 The Newsroom 2.30 The Why Factor 2.50 More or Less 3.00 News 3.06 Newsday 3.30 In the Studio 4.00 News 4.06 Newsday 5.00 News 5.06 The Newsroom 5.30 - 6.00am Discovery Radio 4 Extra DIGITAL ONLY 6.00am Rogue Justice 6.30 The Taking Part 7.00 Millport 7.30 The Unbelievable Truth 8.00 Hancock’s Half Hour 8.30 Flywheel, Shyster and Flywheel 9.00 Just a Minute 9.30 King Street Junior 10.00 The Idiot 11.00 Clown’s Shoes 11.15 From Galway to Graceland 12.00 Hancock’s Half Hour 12.30pm Flywheel, Shyster and Flywheel 1.00 Rogue Justice 1.30 The Taking Part 2.00 Expo 58 2.15 Shakespeare’s Restless World 2.30 Good News 2.45 Catch Me If You Can 3.00 The Idiot 4.00 Just a Minute 4.30 King Street Junior 5.00 Millport 5.30 The Unbelievable Truth 6.00 The Man Who Was Thursday 6.30 A Good Read 7.00 Hancock’s Half Hour 7.30 Flywheel, Shyster and Flywheel 8.00 Rogue Justice 8.30 The Taking Part 9.00 Clown’s Shoes 9.15 From Galway to Graceland 10.00 Comedy Club 12.00 The Man Who Was Thursday 12.30am A Good Read 1.00 Rogue Justice 1.30 The Taking Part 2.00 Expo 58 2.15 Shakespeare’s Restless World 2.30 Good News 2.45 Catch Me If You Can 3.00 The Idiot 4.00 Just a Minute 4.30 King Street Junior 5.00 Millport 5.30 - 6.00am The Unbelievable Truth *** The Daily Telegraph Monday 23 April 2018 31 Today’s television FV Freeview FS Freesat (AD) Audio description (R) Repeat (S) Subtitles (SL) In-vision signing BBC Two ITV Channel 4 Channel 5 6.00 am Breakfast (S) 9.15 Rip Off Britain: Food See What to watch (S) 10.00 Homes Under the Hammer (AD) (R) (S) 11.00 Heir Hunters (S) 11.45 The Housing Enforcers (S) 12.15 pm Bargain Hunt (AD) (S) 1.00 BBC News at One; Weather (S) 1.30 Regional News; Weather (S) 1.45 Doctors (AD) (S) 2.15 800 Words (AD) (S) 3.00 Escape to the Country (AD) (S) 3.45 Flipping Profit (AD) (S) 4.30 Flog It! 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The concluding session of the match between Mark Allen and Liam Highfield (S) 12.00 Daily Politics (S) 1.00 pm Live Snooker: The World Championship Shaun Murphy v Jamie Jones and Ding Junhui v Xiao Guodong (S) 6.00 Eggheads (R) (S) 6.30 Britain in Bloom (S) 6.00 am Good Morning Britain (S) 8.30 Lorraine (S) 9.25 The Jeremy Kyle Show (S) 10.30 This Morning (S) 12.30 pm Loose Women (S) 1.30 News; Weather (S) 1.55 Regional News; Weather (S) 2.00 Judge Rinder (S) 3.00 Tenable (S) 4.00 Tipping Point (S) 5.00 The Chase (S) 6.00 Regional News; Weather (S) 6.30 News; Weather (S) 6.00 am Countdown (R) (S) 6.45 3rd Rock from the Sun (AD) (R) (S) 7.10 3rd Rock from the Sun (AD) (R) (S) 7.35 Everybody Loves Raymond (R) (S) 8.00 Everybody Loves Raymond (R) (S) 8.30 Frasier (R) (S) 9.00 Frasier (R) (S) 9.35 Frasier (R) (S) 10.05 Ramsay’s Hotel Hell (AD) (R) (S) 11.00 Undercover Boss USA (R) (S) 12.00 Channel 4 News (S) 12.05 pm Coast vs Country (AD) (R) (S) 1.05 Posh Pawnbrokers (R) (S) 2.10 Countdown (S) 3.00 A Place in the Sun: Home or Away (R) (S) 4.00 Escape to the Chateau: DIY (AD) (S) 5.00 Four in a Bed (R) (S) 5.30 Buy It Now (S) 6.00 The Simpsons (AD) (R) (S) 6.30 Hollyoaks (AD) (R) (S) 6.00 am Milkshake! 9.15 The Wright Stuff 11.15 Can’t Pay? 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Last in the series (AD) (S) 8.00 EastEnders A mystery woman seeks Arshad’s help (AD) (S) 8.00 Only Connect The second semi-final (S) 8.30 Panorama: Gangsters’ Dirty Money Exposed A report on a Ukrainian criminal gang (S) 8.30 University Challenge St John’s College, Cambridge, take on Merton College, Oxford, in the final (S) 9.00 DIY SOS: The Big Build The team helps create a new home for a Rotherham man who suffered a brain injury (AD) (R) (S) 9.00 Secret Agent Selection: WW2 The students learn survival skills in the Highlands See What to watch (AD) (S) 10.00 BBC News at Ten (S) 10.30 Regional News; Weather (S) 10.45 Have I Got a Bit More News for You Lee Mack hosts with guests Sara Pascoe and Janet Street-Porter (S) 11.30 The Graham Norton Show 12.20- 6.00am News S4C 10.00 QI With Sara Pascoe, Colin Lane and Jimmy Carr (R) (S) 10.30 Newsnight (S) 11.15 Snooker: The World Championship 12.05am Snooker: World Championship Extra 2.05 Sign Zone: Countryfile 3.00 Sign Zone: My Dad, the Peace Deal and Me 4.00 Sign Zone: Murder, Mystery and My Family 4.45 - 6.00am This Is BBC Two 7.00 Emmerdale Ross breaks into the veterinary surgery (AD) (S) 8.00 Give It a Year A former Royal Marine who started a woodland adventure business (AD) (S) 8.30 Coronation Street Billy returns from rehab (AD) (S) 9.00 The Real Camilla: HRH the Duchess of Cornwall A year in the life of the Duchess of Cornwall See What to watch (S) 10.00 News; Weather (S) 10.30 Regional News; Weather (S) 10.45 The Investigator: A British Crime Story A new murder threatens to derail the investigation. Last in the series (AD) (R) (S) 11.45 Last Laugh in Vegas 12.40am Jackpot247 3.00 The Jeremy Kyle Show 3.50 ITV Nightscreen 5.05 6.00am The Jeremy Kyle Show Northern Ireland BBC One: 7.30 - 8.00pm Home Ground 10.40 Keepin ’er Country 11.10 Have I Got a Bit More News for You 11.55 The Graham Norton Show 12.40 6.00am BBC News BBC Two: 10.00 - 10.30pm Cumhacht BBC Four FV 9 FS 107 SKY 116 VIRGIN 107 12.00 1.00 1.30 2.05 pm Beyond 100 Days Nature’s Microworlds Turkey with Simon Reeve Baku: An Art Lovers’ Guide The Ottomans: Europe’s Muslim Emperors Dan Cruickshank: At Home with the British Turkey with Simon Reeve am Top of the Pops: 1983 Top of the Pops: 1983 - 3.05am Baku: An Art Lovers’ Guide ITV2 10.20am The Bachelor 12.15pm Emmerdale 12.45 Coronation Street 1.45 The Ellen DeGeneres Show 2.35 The Jeremy Kyle Show 5.50 Take Me Out 7.00 You’ve Been Framed! Gold 8.00 Two and a Half Men 9.00 Family Guy 9.30 American Dad! 10.00 Plebs 10.30 Family Guy 11.30 American Dad! 12.00 The Cleveland Show 12.30am Two and a Half Men 1.25 Release the Hounds 2.25-5.55am Teleshopping E4 Noon The Goldbergs 1.00pm The Big Bang Theory 2.00 How I Met Your Mother 3.00 New Girl 4.00 Brooklyn Nine-Nine 5.00 The Goldbergs 6.00 The Big Bang Theory 7.00 Hollyoaks 7.30 Extreme Cake Makers 8.00 The Big Bang Theory 8.30 Young Sheldon 9.00 Made in Chelsea 10.00 Don’t Tell the Bride Ireland 11.05 The Big Bang Theory 12.05am Tattoo Fixers 1.10 Made in Chelsea 2.10 Don’t Tell the Bride Ireland 3.05-4.00am First Dates More4 11.35am Four in a Bed 2.10pm Come Dine with Me 4.50 A Place in the Sun: Summer Sun 5.50 Ugly House to Lovely House with George Clarke 6.55 The Secret Life of the Zoo 7.55 Grand Designs 9.00 ITV3 FV 10 FS 115 SKY 119 VIRGIN 117 10.25 am FILM: Agatha Christie’s Sparkling Cyanide (2003) Murder mystery starring Pauline Collins 12.30 pm The Royal 1.35 Heartbeat 2.40 Classic Coronation Street 3.45 On the Buses 4.55 You’re Only Young Twice 5.20 George and Mildred 5.55 Heartbeat 7.00 Murder, She Wrote 8.00 Lewis 10.00 DCI Banks 11.00 DCI Banks 12.05 am Scott & Bailey 1.10 Scott & Bailey 2.00 ITV3 Nightscreen 2.30 - 6.00am Teleshopping Building Giants: World’s Tallest Church 10.00 Car SOS 11.00 8 Out of 10 Cats Does Countdown 12.05am Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA 1.00 Building Giants: World’s Tallest Church 2.05 8 Out of 10 Cats Does Countdown 3.10-3.50am 8 Out of 10 Cats Uncut Dave Noon American Pickers 1.00pm Top Gear 3.00 Sin City Motors 4.00 Steve Austin’s Broken Skull Challenge 5.00 Top Gear 6.00 Room 101 6.40 Would I Lie to You? 8.00 Cop Car Workshop 9.00 Live at the Apollo 10.00 The Best of Dara O Briain’s Go 8 Bit 11.00 Taskmaster 12.00 QI 1.20am Mock the Week 2.00 QI 3.15 Parks and Recreation 3.35-4.00am The Indestructibles Sky Sports Main Event 10.00am Live ATP Tennis. The Barcelona Open 3.00pm Live Indian Premier League. Delhi Daredevils v Kings XI Punjab 7.00 Live MNF. Everton v Newcastle United (kick-off 8.00pm) 11.00 Sky Sports News 1.00-4.15am Live WWE Late Night Raw Sky Sports Premier League Noon Premier League 100 Club 12.30pm Premier League Highlights Otto Preminger’s big-budget adaptation of Leon Uris’s bestseller about the founding of the modern state of Israel in 1948 is an accomplished piece of film-making. A Jewish paramilitary smuggles more than 600 detained Holocaust survivors onto a cargo vessel and makes an illegal crossing to Palestine. Paul Newman and Eva Marie Saint star with a script by blacklisted writer Dalton Trumbo. The Sum of All Fears (2002) 7.30 Coronation Street Gary tries to help David (AD) (S) SKY ONE, 9.00PM ★★★★★ 8.00 Holidays Unpacked New series See What to watch (AD) (S) 8.30 Travel Man: 48 Hours on the Cote d’Azur See What to watch (AD) (S) 9.00 The Island with Bear Grylls The two teams go on a joint hunting expedition (AD) (S) 8.00 Police Interceptors Officers race to stop a drink-driver heading the wrong way up the M6 (R) (S) 9.00 Paddington Station 24/7 A broken down train causes major disruption during the morning rush hour (S) 10.00 Kiss Me First Adrian closes Red Pill down (AD) (S) 11.00 999: What’s Your Emergency? 12.05am First Dates 1.00 Lee and Dean 1.30 I Don’t Like Mondays 2.25 Hidden Restaurants with Michel Roux Jr 3.20 Come Dine Champion of Champions 4.15 Building the Dream 5.10 Steph and Dom’s One Star to Five Star 5.40 - 6.00am Kirstie’s Vintage Gems After Alec Baldwin and Harrison Ford, Ben Affleck is the third actor to play CIA analyst Jack Ryan, hero of Tom Clancy’s bestsellers. He teams up with Morgan Freeman and Liev Schreiber to find a missing nuclear bomb before it can be detonated on American soil in this efficient action thriller, which is lifted out of the humdrum by a sensational climax. 10.00 Fergie vs Wenger: The Feud The rivalry between Alex Ferguson and Arsene Wenger (S) 11.05 Criminals Caught on Camera 12.05am America’s Toughest Prisons 1.00 SuperCasino 3.10 Portillo’s Hidden History of Britain 4.00 Tattoo Disasters UK 4.25 Tattoo Disasters UK 4.45 House Doctor 5.10 Wildlife SOS 5.35 - 6.00am House Doctor Middle Men (2009) FILM4, 11.35PM ★★★ an Cheoil UTV: 8.00 - 8.30pm Paul and Nick’s Big Food Trip New Zealand 10.45 View from Stormont 11.45 The Investigator: A British Crime Story 12.40am Teleshopping 2.10 - 3.00am ITV Nightscreen Scotland BBC One: 7.30 - 8.00pm Landward BBC Two: No variations STV: 8.00 - 8.30pm The People’s History Show 10.30 Scotland Tonight 11.05 The Investigator: A British Crime Story 12.05am Teleshopping 1.05 After Midnight 2.35 ITV Nightscreen 4.05 The Jeremy Kyle Show 5.00 - 6.00am Teleshopping Wales BBC One: 7.30 - 8.00pm Sam & Shauna’s Big Cook Out 8.30 - 9.00 The Crash Detectives 10.40 Panorama: Gangsters’ Dirty Money Exposed 11.10 Have I Got a Bit More News for You 12.00 The Graham Norton Show 12.55 - 6.00am BBC News BBC Two: No variations ITV Wales: 6.00 - 6.30pm ITV News Wales at Six 8.00 - 8.30 Wales This Week 10.45 Sharp End 11.45 - 12.40am The Investigator: A British Crime Story Nightscreen ITV Regions No variations, except: ITV Channel: 12.40 - 3.00am ITV FV Freeview FS Freesat (AD) Audio description (R) Repeat (S) Subtitles (SL) In-vision signing Freeview, satellite and cable 11.00 7.00 MotoGP Highlights The MotoGP Grand Prix of the Americas (S) 7.00 Channel 4 News (S) 5SPIKE, 11.55AM ★★★★ Paddington Station 24/7 Variations 6.00am Cyw 12.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 12.05pm Teithiau Tramor Iolo 12.30 Ar Werth 1.00 Celwydd Noeth 1.30 Codi Hwyl 2.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 2.05 Prynhawn Da 3.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 3.05 Pengelli 3.30 Byd Pws 4.00 Awr Fawr 5.00 Stwnsh 6.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 6.05 Y Ty Arian 7.00 Heno 8.00 Pobol y Cwm 8.25 Garddio a Mwy 9.00 Newyddion 9 a’r Tywydd 9.30 Ffermio 10.00 Ffit Cymru 11.00 - 11.35pm Mike Phillips a’r Senghenydd Sirens 7.00 7.30 8.00 9.00 10.00 Travel Man: 48 Hours on the Cote d’Azur Exodus (1960) REX EastEnders: Maisie Smith REX BBC One Film choice REX Main channels ITV4 FV 24 FS 117 SKY 120 VIRGIN 118 11.40 12.45 1.50 2.50 3.50 4.55 6.00 7.00 7.30 7.55 8.30 9.00 11.20 1.25 2.20 2.50 3.00 am The Avengers pm Ironside Quincy ME Minder The Saint The Avengers Cash Cowboys Pawn Stars Pawn Stars Merry Christmas Mr Bean Mr Bean FILM: Jaws 2 (1978) Thriller with Roy Scheider pm FILM: Maximum Conviction (2012) am Motorsport UK The Protectors ITV4 Nightscreen - 6.00am Teleshopping 4.30 Best PL Goals: Chelsea v Arsenal 5.00 Soccer AM: The Best Bits 5.30 Premier League Highlights 7.00 Live MNF. Everton v Newcastle United (kick-off 8.00pm) 11.00 Premier League 100 Club 11.30 Soccer AM: The Best Bits 12.00 MNF Pre Match 1.00am MNF 1.30 Best PL Goals: Liverpool v Man Utd 2.00 Premier League Highlights 3.00-4.00am MNF Pre Match BT Sport 1 Noon Vanarama National League Highlights 12.30pm Uefa Champions League Magazine 1.00 Premier League Review 2.00 Live WTA Tennis. Day one of the Porsche Tennis Grand Prix in Stuttgart 4.00 Formula E: Street Racers 4.30 30 for 30 Shorts 4.45 30 for 30 Shorts 5.00 NBA High Tops: Plays of the Month 5.30 NBA 7.00 The WRC Magazine 7.30 Live WTA Tennis. Day one of the Porsche Tennis Grand Prix in Stuttgart 9.30 Fishing 10.30 UK’s Strongest Man 11.30 MotoGP 12.30am Ladbrokes SPFL Highlights 1.00 30 for 30 3.00 NBA High Tops: Plays of the Month 3.306.00am Live NBA. Utah Jazz v Oklahoma City Thunder (Tip-off 3.30am) History Noon Project Impossible 1.00pm Pawn Stars 2.00 American Pickers 3.00 Counting Cars 4.00 Storage Wars 5.30 Sky One SKY 106 VIRGIN 110 Sky Atlantic SKY 108 Film4 FV 15 FS 300 SKY 315 VIRGIN 428 NCIS: Los Angeles pm Hawaii Five-0 NCIS: Los Angeles Stargate SG-1 The Simpsons Futurama The Simpsons Supergirl FILM: The Sum of All Fears (2002) Action thriller with Ben Affleck and Morgan Freeman See Film choice The Force: North-East am Brit Cops: Frontline Crime UK Ross Kemp: Extreme World Most Shocking - 4.00am Duck Quacks Don’t Echo 1.00 pm Without a Trace 2.00 Making David Attenborough’s Flying Monsters 3.00 The West Wing 5.00 House 7.00 CSI: Crime Scene Investigation 8.00 Blue Bloods 9.00 Westworld See What to watch 10.20 West:Word 10.50 Last Week Tonight with John Oliver 11.25 The Circus: Inside the Wildest Political Show on Earth 12.00 Westworld 1.20 am Divorce 1.55 - 2.30am Crashing 11.00 am The Mouse That Roared (1959) Comedy 12.40 pm Angel and the Badman (1947, b/w) Western 2.45 The Night of the Grizzly (1966) Western 4.50 The Hound of the Baskervilles (1959) Sherlock Holmes mystery starring Peter Cushing 6.30 The Book Thief (2013) Drama with Sophie Nelisse 9.00 Mission: Impossible – Rogue Nation (2015) Spy thriller sequel starring Tom Cruise 11.35 Middle Men (2009) Comedy drama with Luke Wilson See Film choice 1.45 - 4.00am Arbitrage (2012) Pawn Stars 6.00 Forged in Fire 7.00 American Pickers 8.00 Storage Wars 8.30 Pawn Stars 9.00 James Nesbitt: Disasters That Changed Britain 10.00 Project Impossible 11.00 The Lowe Files 12.00 Martin Luther King – Marked Man 1.00am JFK Declassified: The New Files 2.00 Storage Wars 2.30 Pawn Stars 3.00-4.00am Ancient Aliens battle between a mysterious gunslinger and a sinister sorcerer. Fantasy adventure starring Idris Elba and Matthew McConaughey 9.40 Rough Night (2017) Comedy starring Scarlett Johansson 11.25 The House (2017) Comedy starring Will Ferrell and Amy Poehler 1.10am Just Charlie (2017) Drama starring Harry Gilby 3.10-5.10am Growing Up Smith (2015) Comedy starring Jason Lee (1973) Drama starring David Essex 10.45 Stardust (1974) A rock idol discovers fame comes at a price. Drama sequel starring David Essex, Adam Faith, Larry Hagman and Keith Moon 1.05am Conspiracy Theory with Jesse Ventura 3.00-5.30am Hollywood’s Best Film Directors Noon 1.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 5.30 6.30 8.00 9.00 11.20 12.20 1.15 2.10 3.05 Sky Arts Noon The Seventies 1.00pm Discovering: Ingrid Bergman 2.00 Watercolour Challenge 2.30 The Adventurers of Modern Art 3.30 Tales of the Unexpected 4.00 Trailblazers: Pop Videos 5.00 The Seventies 6.00 Discovering: Ginger Rogers 7.00 Auction 7.30 Discovering: The Eagles 8.00 Landscape Artist of the Year 2017 9.00 Andre Rieu: How It All Began 10.00 Tate Britain’s Great Art Walks 11.00 The South Bank Show Originals 12.00 Hard Beauty: Helaine Blumenfeld 1.05am Monty Python: Almost the Truth 2.20 Psychob*****s 2.45-4.30am Joan Baez: How Sweet the Sound Sky Cinema Premiere 24 hours, including at: 5.50pm The Wizard – An American Wrestler (2016) Premiere. Drama starring George Kosturos 8.00 The Dark Tower (2017) A young lad is caught in a PBS America Noon The Vikings Uncovered 1.10pm 1945: The Year that Changed the World 2.15 Sputnik Declassified 3.20 The Gang Crackdown 4.35 The Vikings Uncovered 5.45 1945: The Year that Changed the World 6.45 Sputnik Declassified 7.55 The Aviators 9.00 Spitfire: The Birth of a Legend 9.55 Spitfire Women 11.10 The Aviators 12.25am Spitfire: The Birth of a Legend 1.30 Walks Around Britain 2.00-6.00am Teleshopping TCM 24 hours, including at: 4.45pm The Pearl of Death (1944, b/w) Sherlock Holmes mystery starring Basil Rathbone 6.05 Sherlock Holmes and the Spider Woman (1944, b/w) Mystery starring Basil Rathbone 7.15 Day of the Evil Gun (1968) Western starring Glenn Ford 9.00 That’ll Be the Day GOLD 11.55am The Green Green Grass 12.30pm As Time Goes By 1.10 Waiting for God 1.50 Only Fools and Horses 3.00 Last of the Summer Wine 5.00 As Time Goes By 5.40 The Green Green Grass 6.20 Dad’s Army 7.00 You Rang, M’Lord? 8.00 Dad’s Army 8.40 Only Fools and Horses 9.20 Blackadder the Third 10.00 Upstart Crow 10.40 Mrs Brown’s Boys 11.20 Bridget & Eamon 11.55 Come Fly with Me 1.15am Blackadder the Third 1.55 Upstart Crow 2.25 Come Fly with Me 3.00-4.00am Harry Hill’s TV Burp Vintage TV 11.00am Monday Melodies 1.00pm My Mixtape 2.00 Defining Decades 5.00 Tune In… To 1990 6.00 Tune In… To 1994 7.00 Tune In… To 1981 8.00 All England 9.00 London Calling 10.00 First Bass 10.30 Live With… Dirty Thrills 11.00 New Vintage 12.00 The Night Shift 3.00-6.00am Neil McCormick’s Needle Time Goodfellas meets Boogie Nights in this account of a straight-arrow Texas businessman who in the Nineties helps set up the first paid internet porn site. George Gallo, who co-wrote and directed, is no Scorsese, and Luke Wilson, narrating, is no De Niro, but it’s an entertaining albeit sleazy ride, and Giovanni Ribisi and Gabriel Macht are a hoot as the two losers who stumble across the internet’s first big moneymaking scheme. 32 *** Monday 23 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph Weather and crosswords Our puzzle website Enjoy your favourite Telegraph puzzles with our website. Visit puzzles.telegraph.co.uk or print puzzles to complete at More than 5,000 puzzles your leisure from Crosswords to Sudoku Over 50 new puzzles added weekly Inside today, see our puzzle Compete for cash prizes page for the Herculis General Play interactively for points, Knowledge Crossword The Daily Telegraph published by Telegraph Media Group Ltd, 111 Buckingham Palace Road, London SW1W 0DT. 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