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The Daily Telegraph - April 23, 2018

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FINAL
Monday 23 April 2018
telegraph.co.uk
No 50,674 £ 1.80
More than an ‘other’
I told Meghan what it means
to be mixed race in Britain
Sleep apnoeaa
How it can
strike you
in midlife
Features, page 25
Health, page 23
Paul Hayward
H
on Wen
Wenger’s
long an
and painful
ggoodbye
oodby
Sport,
S
Spo
rt, pag
pages 1-5
B R I TA I N ’ S B E S T - S E L L I N G Q U A L I T Y D A I LY
‘Ban fast food shops near schools’
Doctors call on ministers
for more action to improve
children’s diets and fight
the obesity epidemic
By Laura Donnelly HealtH editor
FAST FOOD outlets should be banned
from opening within 400 metres of
every school in the country to tackle
the obesity epidemic, doctors say.
The Royal College of Paediatrics and
Child Health is calling for the measure
to be part of an updated childhood
obesity strategy which the Government is due to publish this summer.
Paediatricians urged ministers to
introduce a national programme to
weigh and measure children from birth
right through adolescence, arguing
that “snapshot” weigh-ins taken at the
start and end of primary school meant
weight problems were spotted too late.
Prof Russell Viner, president of the
college, urged ministers to “take a leap
of faith” and introduce sweeping powers that would make it easier for councils to keep junk food away from pupils.
One in three children is overweight
or obese by the time they leave primary
school, with Britain’s obesity rates the
worst in Western Europe and rising
faster than those in the US.
Next month, the Commons health
and social care committee will open
hearings for an inquiry on childhood
obesity, examining priorities for action. In a submission to the inquiry, the
Royal College is calling for a series of
measures to combat obesity, starting at
the school gates.
Prof Viner told The Daily Telegraph:
“Kids are coming out of school hungry
and finding themselves surrounded by
cheap chicken shops, chip shops and
other types of junk food. This just
wasn’t the case 20 or 30 years ago.
“People tend to eat what’s in front of
them and we need to make it easier for
children to make the right choices.”
Around 20 local authorities have
brought in some restrictions on fast
food outlets, but others have complained that they lack sufficient powers
and face too much red tape to intro-
duce such stringent measures. Research suggests the number of fast-food
outlets in England grew by 4,000
between 2014 and 2017, with 1,800
schools having at least 10 such retailers
within a 400-metre radius.
The Mayor of London has proposed a
ban on any new fast food outlets being
built within such a distance. In the submission to MPs, the college calls for
this to be extended across the UK.
Prof Viner said action was needed
from government to increase planning
powers to local authorities to make it
easier to bring in such bans. The Local
Government Association has also
backed such moves.
The submission sets out calls for a
national programme to weigh and
measure children throughout childhood and adolescence, with data collected by GPs and schools. Currently
children are weighed at the age of four
or five and again in their final year of
primary school, aged 10 or 11.
During that time, the proportion
who are obese doubles from 10 to 20
per cent. The college is calling for the
programme to be extended from birth
right through adolescence, with GPs
given training in how to tackle parents
about children who gain weight.
Prof Viner said that GPs needed to
say things which some parents might
find unpalatable. “We need to be prepared to have difficult conversations
and to make every contact [with health
services] count in the fight against obe-
sity,” he said. The paediatrician also
urged the Government to take firm action when it publishes its updated
strategy on obesity this summer.
Its initial plans, published in 2016,
led to a sugar tax on fizzy drinks
brought in this month, but many charities and health groups said the measures did not go far enough.
A ban on advertising of junk foods
on television before the 9pm watershed is among the proposals being considered for inclusion in a “second
chapter” due to be launched by Theresa May this summer. Prof Viner said:
“We have to take a leap of faith to protect current and future generations.”
Editorial Comment: Page 19
Elderly put at risk by
‘severe shortage’ of
accessible housing
Heat is on ... and Farah’s on fire
By Caroline Green
and Olivia Rudgard
DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS/AFP/GETTY IMAGES
PLANNING rules are fuelling a housing “crisis” which
is forcing the frail and elderly
to live in dangerous conditions, a leaked report by the
Equality and Human Rights
Commission seen by The
Daily Telegraph has found.
The report, due to be
released next month, found a
“severe shortage of accessible and adaptable housing”,
with only 7 per cent of homes
in England offering basic
accessibility features such as
a level access to the entrance.
It warns that councils are
failing to build enough
accessible homes and are not
taking action against developers who fail to comply
with regulations.
The EHRC, England’s human rights watchdog, said
that at least 10 per cent of all
housing should be built with
a growing elderly and disa-
Sir Mo Farah once again ran into the history books as he broke the British marathon record when finishing third in the London race, in which many runners struggled to cope with the heat Report: Pages 2-3
Words failing to flow from inside
the Camerons’ shepherd’s hut
Police drop investigation into
bishop besmirched by Church
DAVID CAMERON famously
bought a £25,000 shepherd’s hut for his Oxfordshire garden in which to
write his memoir.
But it does not appear to
have helped him much, with
publication of his life in
No 10 likely delayed until
next year. Mr Cameron has
an £800,000 contract with
William Collins, part of the
HarperCollins
publishing
empire, for his autobiography, which had been expected this autumn.
When asked in a CNN interview last week how the
book was going, the former
prime minister admitted
that he had to “get on with
it”. Sources close to Mr Cameron told The Daily Tele-
graph that the publication
date was now “most likely
next year”.
One MP spoke of “rumours” that Mr Cameron
was suffering writer’s block,
but added: “The more plausible explanation is that he
wants it to come out after
Brexit is finished.”
A spokesman said: “David
Cameron is making excellent progress with his book.”
By Olivia Rudgard
religious affairs
correspondent
NEWS BRIEFING
news
news
By Christopher Hope cHief
political correspondent
Puzzles
Obituaries
TV listings
Weather
A POLICE investigation into
George Bell, the late former
Bishop of Chichester, has
been dropped amid criticism
of the Archbishop of Canterbury for smearing his name.
Sussex Police told The
Daily Telegraph that they
were no longer investigating
a new allegation referred to
them earlier this year.
A spokesman said the
investigation “was completed in March” and added
“further police investigation
or action is not possible as
Bell died 60 years ago”.
An independent review,
released last year by Lord
Carlile, found that Bell had
been besmirched by the
Church in 2015 when offi-
cials released a statement
formally apologising over allegations of abuse made by a
woman now in her seventies.
It also paid £16,800 to the
woman, known as Carol, for
the alleged sexual abuse
over a period of four years,
beginning when she was five
years old.
In January this year, the
Church announced that it
Continued on Page 2
world news
comment
business
Charles Moore
Barclays boss
faces fines over
whistleblower
Britain will leave Duchess refused Macron warns
20 customs union, to visit Charles’s Trump to keep
‘haunted house’ up Iran deal
29 No 10 insists
is going to leave the
The Duchess of Cornwall
Emmanuel Macron will
31 Britain
customs union after Brexit,
has disclosed that she
meet Donald Trump today,
Downing Street insisted last refused to visit the Prince of carrying a message that the
32 night, as the Government Wales’s Dumfries House
United States must remain
ISSN-0307-1235
9 *ujöeöu#yxc,y,* ÊÁË×
moved to reassure proBrexit MPs in the wake of
reports that the Prime
Minister’s team had
concluded the UK may have
to remain inside the free
trade mechanism after all.
Page 4
after sensing the building
was haunted before its
renovation. The Duchess
said: “I remember leaving
and thinking I don’t want to
come back here again and I
didn’t for a few years.”
Page 7
committed to a flawed
nuclear deal with Iran
because there is no “Plan B”.
In an interview Mr Macron
discussed his reputation as
the “Trump whisperer” and
hopes for averting trade war.
Page 14
The stubborn
courage of
women
men in
power
wer
Page 19
Barclays boss Jes Staley
faces paying nearly
£1 million in fines and lost
bonuses after trying to
unmask a whistleblower.
The FCA is understood to be
planning to fine Mr Staley
for breaking whistleblowing
rules by seeking to identify
the source of personal
claims about a colleague.
Business, Page 1
bled population in mind, and
that local authorities must
reduce the bureaucratic hurdles for adapting homes.
The report comes at a time
of a growing social care crisis with many elderly and
frail people stuck in hospitals, unable to be discharged
due to inadequate housing.
At the same time, younger
people are struggling to get
on to the housing ladder
with the older generation
unable to downsize due to a
lack of suitable properties.
Following an inquiry into
the state of housing for disabled people in Britain, the
EHRC reported that the
“acute housing crisis” was
leaving elderly and disabled
people in unsafe homes and
leading to accidents and hospital admissions.
The report’s executive
summary said that some
people were forced into “eating, sleeping and bathing in
Continued on Page 2
2
FINAL
Monday 23 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
News
They’re off The Queen gets the 2018 London Marathon off to a start, sending 40,000
Water stations
run dry as hottest
London Marathon
takes its toll
By Helena Horton
and Francesca Marshall
RUNNERS had been warned that yesterday’s London Marathon was going
to be the hottest on record and were no
doubt prepared for a tough time.
But what they hadn’t factored in
were the pit-stops at local pubs and
shops for their mid-race refreshments.
Some runners were forced to add in
their own detours for some much
needed hydration after being left without water for large stretches of the
marathon after volunteers ran out.
Mobile water stations had to be dispatched to provide runners with refreshment after stations between miles
eight and ten ran out.
Race organisers had previously
urged runners to reconsider aiming for
personal bests and suggested ditching
fancy dress costumes amid the unseasonably warm April weather.
The Duke pub in Deptford was serving cups of waters to race competitors
while it was also reported on Twitter
that “runners are going into shops on
route to buy drinks”.
Even Sir Mo Farah ran into trouble
when he was unable to find his water
bottle at two drink stations.
Sir Mo said volunteers were more interested in taking selfies than handing
out water as temperatures at St James’s
Park in London hit 75.3F (24.1C), according to the Met Office, while
runners said they had to go
ps to purchase
into shops
ecause of shortdrinks because
ages. Previously, the
warmest marathon was
72.6F in 1996 and
2007.
“The drinks
stations
onwere confusing,” Sir
id.
Mo
said.
taff
“The staff
were helpful at the end but at the beginning they were trying to take a picture rather than giving me the drink.
“I was saying to the people on motorbikes to tell the staff to be a bit helpful instead of taking pictures.
“I wasn’t wasting energy, I just
needed a drink. I had to get it right.
Despite this, the Olympic gold medallist managed to become the fastest
ever British marathon runner, crossing
the line at a time of 2:06:21, comfortably clear of Steve Jones’s 33-year-old
British record of 2:07:13.
Some runners were seen collapsing
after organisers warned participants
not to over-exert themselves because
of the heat. Many claimed there was a
seven-mile stretch where there was no
water to be found.
Marathon organisers confirmed on
Twitter that there were shortages at
eight of its stations, writing: “Lorries
with our additional contingency supply are topping up other water stations
on the route and mobile water stations
are currently being dispatched to provide runners with water.”
They later said: “We have supplied
additional water from our contingency
stocks to water stations 16, 17, 18, 19, 20
and 23.” One participant hit back: “Mile
7 and 9 ran out at 12 noon with 1,000s
still running. Some people running 7
miles between drink stations. Runners
going into shops on route to buy dr
drinks.
The change to the
drinks stations has
failed runners.”
Contacted for comc
ment by The Telegr
Telegraph,
London Marathon
Mara
organisers
pointed to their
t
tweets, and said
there woul
would be
no
fur
further
statement.
Deptford Fire Station provides runners with a much needed
hosing down, main, while huge fans were placed at the finishing
line, below; bottom, paramedics were close on hand to help
Editorial
Commen
Comment:
Page 19
Sport, p
pages
18-19
The Telegraph’s
Bryony Gordon
poses with Jada
Sezer
Traditional county names prove hard to shift
By Christopher Hope
CHIEF POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT
MORE than four in 10 people are still
using traditional county names to describe where they live, rather than
more modern administrative districts.
A poll by YouGov found that 45 per
cent of people used historic county
names in their postal addresses despite
the fact that many have been replaced
by modern administrative districts.
This means that, for example, people
in Warrington say they live in Lancashire, rather than Cheshire, or those in
Trading places The areas
that switched counties
Bournemouth
Moved from
Hampshire to
Dorset
Caerphilly
Glamorgan to
Gwent
Newcastle
Northumberland
to Tyne & Wear
Peterborough
Northants to
Cambs
Sedbergh
West Riding of
Yorkshire to
Cumbria
Vale of White
Horse
Berks to Oxon
British Counties
Campaign
Birmingham are part of Warwickshire
rather than the more modern West
Midlands. Both changes were made in
the 1974 local government reform.
Similarly, people living in Enfield
often say their homes were in Middlesex
(abolished in 1965) rather than in London, according to the research by the
British Counties Campaign. The campaign, which wants to change the law to
bring back traditional county names,
has won the support of MPs after
launching a parliamentary campaign.
It is proposing a law so that the word
“county” would only apply to the his-
toric 92 counties of the UK. Local
authority areas would be called simply
“council areas”.
The YouGov study, commissioned
by the campaign, also found that 53 per
cent of people over 45 were in favour of
bringing back the historic county
names. Gerard Dughill, the campaign’s
manager, said: “People still are using
the historic county definitions when
they are asked what county they live in
or what county they come from, they
still are clinging on – using their historic county names, and we want to encourage continued use of that.”
Developers won’t build ‘less Archbishop urged to retract
profitable’ accessible homes statement smearing bishop
Continued from Page 1
one room” and to rely on family members to carry them between rooms and
up stairs.
Local authorities told the commission that developers were “reluctant to
build accessible houses, as they see
them as less profitable”, and often failed
to comply with accessibility standards.
Despite this, just 3 per cent of councils took enforcement action against
developers who failed to meet these
standards, the commission found.
The report also said that people were
forced to wait an average of 22 weeks
between application and the installation of home adaptations necessary to
live safely and independently, with
some waiting for more than a year.
Responding to the report, charities
warned that the lack of suitable housing was exacerbating the NHS crisis as
elderly and disabled people were
forced to stay in hospital for longer due
to a lack of safe accommodation.
Caroline Abrahams, charity director
at Age UK, said: “Providing accessible
homes must be seen as core to reducing pressure on social care and the
NHS. If these recommendations are implemented they will help many more
older and disabled people to receive
care and support at home.”
A spokesman for the Ministry of
Housing, Communities and Local Government said: “Our new planning rules
make clear that councils must take the
needs of elderly and disabled people
into account when planning new
homes in their area.”
Continued from Page 1
had received “fresh information” about
Bell which it had passed to the police.
The Archbishop of Canterbury has
also been urged to retract a statement
that there remains a “significant cloud”
over the name of the bishop, recognised
for speaking out against Nazi Germany.
The Church was criticised for making
the new investigation public, with Lord
Carlile calling the decision “unwise, unnecessary and foolish”.
In a statement, the police force said:
“On Jan 30 this year we received information from the Church of England
concerning an allegation made against
the late Bishop George Bell. The information was assessed and a proportionate investigation has been carried
out. Further police action is not pos-
George Bell, former
bishop of Chichester,
was besmirched by
the Church following
allegations made
against him
sible as Bishop Bell died 60 years ago.”
A Church of England spokesman said:
“Fresh information was received regarding Bishop Bell and the National
Safeguarding Team announced that it
was commissioning an independent
investigation. We cannot make any further comment until this is completed.”
Representatives for the Archbishop
of Canterbury have been approached
for comment.
NEWS BULLETIN
Diver drowns in the
deepest lake in England
Ex-race adviser to fight
‘racial offence’ charge
A diver exploring England’s deepest
lake drowned on Saturday after being
unable to swim back to shore.
Cumbria Police confirmed yesterday
that the diver became stranded in
Wastwater and was unable to get to
land.
Despite attempts by mountain
rescue, fire crews, police, coastguard
and an air ambulance they were
unable to get to the man, in his 60s
and from Lancashire, in time.
A Cumbria Police spokesman said:
“Extensive efforts were made to revive
the diver, but unfortunately they were
unsuccessful.”
Wastwater, situated near Scafell
Pike, is three miles long and 260ft
deep.
A former race relations adviser to the
police has vowed to fight a prosecution
in court after being charged with a
racially aggravated offence.
Judah Adunbi was arrested at his
Bristol home on April 18 and will
appear in court next month, charged
with a racially aggravated public order
offence following an alleged incident
at a betting shop on the city’s Stapleton
Road on March 29.
The 64-year-old, who is a former
member of the Independent Advisory
Group to Avon and Somerset Police,
has been released on conditional bail.
Car theft gadgets for
sale online for £100
Wednesday’s Lotto draw will have an estimated £10.3 million
jackpot after no ticket-holders won Saturday’s top prize. One
winner scooped the £500,000 Thunderball
Electronic gadgets that can be used to
steal cars in seconds are being sold
online for as little as £100. The devices,
available on Amazon and eBay, allow
thieves to reprogramme a blank key
fob so it can start a car’s ignition.
An inquiry carried out by the Daily
Mail found the device was able to
“steal” a test car in two minutes after
getting into the vehicle with a lock
pick, which can also be bought on the
internet. Amazon buyers posted
reviews of how effective they were.
Following the revelation one crime
commissioner accused “irresponsible”
web retailers of helping criminals, and
added that the devices should be
removed from the websites.
is a member of the
Independent
Press Standards
Organisation (IPSO) and we subscribe
to its Editors’ Code of Practice. If you
have a complaint about editorial
content, please visit www.telegraph.
co.uk/editorialcomplaints or write to
‘Editorial Complaints’ at our postal
address (see below). If you are not
satisfied with our response, you may
appeal to IPSO at www.ipso.co.uk.
Lotto
2 | 8 | 9 | 12 | 20 | 57 | B/Ball 38
Thunderball
6 | 9 | 24 | 31 | 37 | T/Ball 9
The Daily Telegraph, 111 Buckingham
Palace Road, London, SW1W 0DT
**
The Daily Telegraph Monday 23 April 2018
3
News
‘Faulty’ fitness
trackers make
you go that
extra mile
runners off into the capital in record-breaking temperatures
By Daily Telegraph Reporter
FITNESS trackers exaggerate how far
you have actually run, a study has
found. According to new research by
the consumer group Which? some
wearable devices under or overestimate distances by more than a third.
For runners in yesterday’s 26.2-mile
London Marathon this could mean
missing the finish line by eight miles.
Well-known brands such as Samsung were found to show incorrect distances and missed the marathon line
by an average of four miles.
Which? tested more than 85 fitness
trackers and smartwatches, with prices
reaching up to £500, to find the most
and least reliable. Each was assessed for
accurately measuring track steps, distance based on steps, heart rate and
calories burned.
The Garmin Forerunner 35 and Misfit Ray fitness tracker were only 68 per
cent accurate, showing 17.8 miles when
the actual distance run was 26.2 miles.
If the product had failed to work on
yesterday’s marathon it would have
been the equivalent of the runners
having to go eight miles beyond the finish line.
Which? said some fitness trackers
that do not have built in GPS and calculate distance by the number of steps
taken. Usually this will be based on an
estimated stride length multiplied by
footfalls, but some trackers do not
allow stride length to be altered, which
hits their accuracy.
Models with GPS are the most accurate, but even they could be up to 20
per cent out in Which? tests.
Some devices without GPS will use
the sensor on a mobile phone to track
distance.
GETTYIMAGES/GUY CORBISHLEY/ALAMY/WENN/REUTERS/PA
Prince Harry with champions David Weir and Madison de Rozario,
top; two fancy dress competitors soldier on, above; Sophie
Raworth and Jenni Falconer, below, before the race
Off track How devices
measured a marathon
u Misfit Ray
(£29.99) 68pc
17.8 miles
u Garmin
Forerunner 35
(£130) 68pc
17.8 miles
u Samsung Gear
Fit Pro 2 (£209)
86pc, 22.55 miles
u Tom Tom
Spark 3 (£199)
96pc, 25.17 miles
u Fitbit Ace (£80)
97pc, 25.43 miles
u Polar A370
(£170) 96pc, 25.17
miles
u Garmin
Vivoactive HR
(£165) 98pc,
25.7 miles
u Huawei Watch
2 Sport (£279)
99pc, 26.5 miles
u Apple Watch
Series 1 (£249)
99pc, 26.5 miles
4
**
Monday 23 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
News
No 10 insists UK will leave customs union
Ministers move to reassure
Tory Eurosceptics and
calm fears of ‘handbrake
turn’ on manifesto pledge
By Christopher Hope
CHIEF POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT
BRITAIN will leave the customs union
after Brexit, Downing Street said last
night, with Theresa May and other
ministers expected to skip a Labour
attempt in the House of Commons this
week to stop the UK leaving.
The Government moved to reassure
Eurosceptic Tory MPs in the wake of
reports that Mrs May’s team had pri-
vately concluded that the UK may have
to remain in the customs union after all.
Civil servants on Britain’s negotiating team were said to favour keeping
Britain in a customs union to avoid a
hard border with Ireland.
Leaving the customs union after
Brexit – which would allow the UK to
strike its own independent trade deals
– was a Tory manifesto commitment.
However, one Sunday newspaper reported that an aide to Mrs May had told
a meeting that the Prime Minister and
her team “will not be crying into our
beer” if parliament forced the Government to keep the UK in the EU.
A “war gaming exercise” even
concluded that David Davis, the Brexit
Secretary, and Michael Gove, the Envi-
ronment Secretary, would not quit
even if this were to happen.
A No 10 source said: “It remains the
case that Government policy as set out
in the Mansion House speech is for
Britain to leave the customs union.”
Last night, Sajid Javid, the Communities Secretary, and Mr Gove spoke
out to calm nerves among Brexiteers.
Mr Javid said that the public gave
“clear instructions” at the referendum
that included leaving the customs
union, “an intrinsic part of the EU”, and
the country signing its own trade deals.
Mr Gove said: “Sajid is right; the referendum vote was clear, we need to take
back control of trade – that means leaving the protectionist customs union.”
Liam Fox, the Trade Secretary, is ex-
pected to say today that Brexit will “remove the regulation, bureaucracy and
red tape that inhibit the free trade in
services”.
Labour is planning to put pressure
on the Government with a Commons
motion to require “as an objective in
negotiations … the establishment of an
effective customs union”. But Tory MPs
are likely to stay away from the debate
and instead campaign in marginal seats
ahead of May’s council elections.
One Eurosceptic source said this
would make Thursday’s debate a “tumbleweed vote” with Labour MPs voting
alone for their non-binding motion.
Mrs May will miss the debate to meet
Mala Tribich, a Holocaust survivor, in
Downing Street.
Ministers expect defeat in the House
of Lords today when peers vote to keep
Britain subject to the European Court
of Justice after Brexit. More lost amendments are likely in coming days.
Ministers want to group all successful Lords’ amendments on the EU
Withdrawal Bill into a single series of
votes next month and force Tory MPs
to overturn them, turning them into an
effective vote of confidence in the Government, The Daily Telegraph has been
told. A source said: “The amendments
will probably be bunched together and
come back at the end of May and the
plan would be to rush through them all
as quickly as possible.”
Jacob Rees-Mogg, chairman of the
European Research Group of Conserv-
ative MPs, said that staying in the customs union “would be not just a U-turn
but a handbrake turn”. He said: “There
is no indication that the Government is
backing away from its manifesto commitment.”
Nicky Morgan, the former education
secretary who is backing Labour’s motion, said the Tory party would not “entertain a leadership contest at the
moment” if Eurosceptic MPs tried to
force her out.
She told the BBC’s Sunday Politics:
“Those who want to might have
enough names to send in letters to the
1922 backbench committee chairman,
but that’s about as far as it will get.”
Juliet Samuel: Page 18
EU sees our
independence
as a nuisance,
warns Iceland
By Anna Mikhailova
POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT
By James Rothwell in Reykjavik
JEREMY HUNT saved nearly £100,000
in tax on his purchase of seven flats after exploiting a loophole in the Tory
crackdown on buy-to-let landlords.
An increase in stamp duty introduced
in 2016 means anyone buying a second
home or buy-to-let pays a surcharge.
Buying a property in addition to a
main home attracts a higher rate of
land tax – three percentage points
above the standard rate. For example, a
£400,000 home means a £10,000
stamp duty bill. If it is buy-to-let, the
bill goes up to £22,000.
However, bulk purchases of six
properties or more are exempt, meaning Mr Hunt will have saved on his tax
bill by buying seven homes in one go.
At the start of this year, Mr Hunt
made such a purchase in an upmarket
development in Ocean Village, Southampton. Other properties in the same
building are on the market for between
£450,000 and £1 million. As the taxman says “six or more residential properties bought in a single transaction”
are exempt from the higher rate, Mr
Hunt will have saved at least £94,500.
David Smith, of the National Landlords Association, said: “It looks bad
that a minister is very clearly taking advantage of a poorly designed policy.”
When Chancellor in 2015, George
Osborne introduced the higher rate because “people buying a home to let
should not be squeezing out families
who can’t afford a home to buy.”
Last week, the Parliamentary Standards Commissioner opened an inquiry
into Mr Hunt after he initially failed to
register with parliamentary authorities
his interest in the company he used to
buy the flats. He also initially failed to
declare his shareholding to Companies
House – a criminal offence punishable
by a fine or two years in prison.
Mr Hunt told The Daily Telegraph the
breaches were an “honest mistake” by
his accountant that had been corrected. His spokesman said: “All the
rental income is being donated to charity, which means there is no profit to
pay tax on, and therefore no reduction
in the tax payable or personal gain from
these arrangements.”
REUTERS/HENRY NICHOLLS
Hunt saved
£100,000 by
buying seven
flats in one go
Great expectations A fan of the Royal family camps outside St Mary’s Hospital in London where the Duchess of Cambridge
is due to give birth to her third child imminently. Both Prince George and Princess Charlotte were born at the Lindo Wing.
Project Fear ‘a giant error whose Corbyn frontbencher accuses
May of racism over Windrush
figures were out by £100bn’
By Anna Mikhailova
THE Treasury’s anti-Brexit predictions
during the lead-up to the EU referendum were wrong to the tune of
£100 billion, according to a new report.
Project Fear, spearheaded by George
Osborne, the former chancellor, was a
“giant error” and a “gross miscarriage
of government”, says the report, to be
published in Standpoint magazine.
Mr Osborne’s “scary rhetoric about a
return of the Great Recession now looks
preposterous,” said Timothy Congdon,
an economist and the report’s author.
He said the difference between Project
Fear’s forecast and reality amounted to
4.6 per cent of GDP. “Instead of employment falling by hundreds of thousands,
it has risen by hundreds of thousands,”
the report said.
“Instead of house prices going down,
they have gone up.” Even public finances
were better than at any time since the recession. Project Fear, it said, was “a mixture of malice and ignorance, of wicked
politics and trashy economics” – but
“more cock-up than conspiracy”.
By Anna Mikhailova
A LABOUR frontbencher last night accused Theresa May of racism and in the
wake of the Windrush scandal, running
an “institutionally racist” government.
Dawn Butler, shadow equalities secretary, said the Prime Minister “has
presided over racist legislation that has
discriminated against a generation of
people from the Commonwealth”.
And Jeremy Corbyn, the Labour
leader, said Mrs May was personally responsible for Windrush as she had set “a
deliberately unreachable bar” while
home secretary by forcing migrants to
provide proof of residence to access services such as housing and healthcare.
Ms Butler told Sky News that Mrs
May needed to reconsider her position.
Asked whether Mrs May could personally be accused of racism, Ms Butler
said: “Yes… she is the leader, presiding
over legislation that is discriminating
against a whole group of people.”
A Downing Street spokesman said
Mrs May was working to highlight the
need to tackle racial injustice.
ICELAND is frustrated with growing
pressure from the EU to accept more
rules on energy and food standards, the
country’s finance minister has said.
As a result, the EU was beginning to
see the Nordic country’s independence
as a “nuisance”, Bjarni Benediktsson
told The Daily Telegraph.
His comments highlight the difficulties the UK faces if it adopts the “soft
Brexit” option. “Those that are for integration are stepping up the pace and if
that is realised there will be even less
tolerance for special implementation
in the European Economic Area,” Mr
Benediktsson warned.
“An example is raw meat and the free
flow of goods. The European line is one
for all, all for one, no special rules for
anybody. But we are a special example,
as in Iceland there is no salmonella. It is
not a problem as it is in member states.”
Mr Benediktsson said that the EU did
not understand why Iceland was so reluctant to join the European project.
“They are almost showing disregard… like [we’re] a nuisance to them,”
he added. “The fact of the matter is that
if you have an international agreement
you should respect it, and that’s that.”
It comes after Iceland vowed to reexamine its agreement amid mounting
concerns that Brussels was exerting
too much influence on domestic affairs.
Iceland’s membership of the European Economic Area allows access to
the single market but requires it to accept EU rules such as free movement.
“Our participation is founded on a
two-pillar system,” said Mr Benediktsson, referring to the legal framework
that ensures Iceland is governed by the
European Free Trade Area, rather than
accepting direct rule from Brussels.
This, he said, had left Iceland struggling to assert its independence even
though it was not an EU member state.
Despite this, membership of the EEA
had been successful, he said, adding
that Iceland was free to sign trade
agreements. Britain has ruled out the
Icelandic model in Brexit talks, despite
Theresa May being urged by the Brexit
committee to resort to EEA/EFTA
membership as a fallback option.
Labour’s anti-Semitism is
making me a Tory, says Lipman
By Anna Mikhailova
MAUREEN LIPMAN, the actress, said
anti-Semitism in the Labour party is
pushing her to vote for the Conservatives instead.
Asked if she is “becoming a Tory”,
the lifelong Labour voter said: “I’m getting there. I can’t be a Labour supporter any more. I’m a socialist in my
heart, but how can I support this lot?”
Ms Lipman hit out against the rise of
anti-Semitism within the Labour party
when she told ITV’s Peston on Sunday
show that anti-Semitic tropes were
fuelling the problem. And in an apparent swipe at Jeremy Corbyn, the Labour leader, Ms Lipman said: “It is
possible to be anti-racist and anti-Semitic.
“We don’t know with Jeremy
whether he’s mischievous or naughty,
provocative or he is doing it cynically.”
The comments came two weeks after Ms Lipman attended a rally against
anti-Semitism held outside Labour’s
headquarters in London, where she
called for Mr Corbyn to resign.
**
The Daily Telegraph Monday 23 April 2018
5
News
MI5 ‘is full of young
graduates stuck
behind a monitor’
By Hayley Dixon
MI5 is a “young” organisation staffed
by analysts who have come straight
from university, the former reviewer of
terrorism has said as he called on staff
to work closer with the policeman on
the street.
In a rare insight into the shadowy organisation, David Anderson QC said
that there was a risk that young analysts were not suspicious enough and
could become “accustomed” to reams
of data, while an officer with real world
experience would be able to flag up issues that could be of interest.
Mr Anderson, the independent reviewer of terrorism until 2017, last year
reviewed the police and MI5’s response
to the four terror attacks between
March and June and found that the secret services needed to “share the fruits
of their intelligence a little more widely”.
He will now monitor both services to
see if the reforms are implemented before reporting to the Home Secretary
and the Prime Minister in January.
Mr Anderson has said that as part of
his work looking at how MI5 responded
to the attacks, he decided that it was
impossible to get to know an organisation through the office of the director
general rather than standing in the lift
or sitting in the canteen.
“It is a very impressive organisation
and it works very well with the police,
those things are not in doubt,” Mr Anderson said in an interview with the US
blog Lawfare.
“But if you asked me to sum up in
one word how I find MI5, I think I
would say young. This may be my own
advancing years or it may be the fact
that numbers are expanding very
quickly – there was a 30 per cent uplift
in the intelligence budget in 2015 and
that is only now feeding through into a
pretty rapid increase in personnel.
“But it made me realise that when it
comes to not only assessing the threat
but working out how to respond to it in
individual cases you really need a mix
of expertise. There are brilliant young
analysts in MI5. They left university,
since then they have sat behind a computer screen and they are very, very
good at what they do.
“But if they are dealing with a part of
south Manchester where the terrorism
is all mixed up with drugs and crime
they need someone there who has policed that area, someone who has been
to court and seen his case collapse because the evidence wasn’t believed and
I think that policing perspective is really important. One of the big lessons
‘You get
people in the
agencies
maybe not
being
suspicious
enough, they
get so much
of this stuff
that they
become
almost
accustomed
to it’
Tough new powers to
target terror suspects
By Martin Evans
CRIME CORRESPONDENT
POLICE and security services are to be given tougher
anti-terror powers in order
to help target suspects in the
early stages of plots.
Leaked documents show
how new proposals will
make it easier for the security services to home in on
potential extremists in what
has been described as a “step
change in our domestic capabilities”.
There are thought to be
more than 20,000 people of
interest on the radar of intelligence agencies in Britain.
But last summer’s attacks
led to concern that potential
terrorists are not being monitored closely enough.
The new plans call for
more focus on “communities
where the threat from terrorism and radicalisation is
highest” and will make it
easier for the police and MI5
to warn other government
agencies, town halls and devolved
administrations
about suspects in their area.
This aims to ensure that
plots are interrupted before
they get off the ground.
Longer prison terms for terror offences would also be
brought in and more intensive monitoring when people are released from jail.
Another plan is to have
beefed-up security at sporting and concert venues and
to prevent jihadists from getting jobs in positions they
could later exploit. It is also
suggested that almost 2,000
additional staff should be recruited and trained within
the security services.
The paper says the threat
of terrorism is higher than
when the last counter-terrorism strategy was published in 2011 and a “change
of approach” is needed.
A Home Office spokesman
said: “We do not comment
on leaked documents. The
updated counter-terrorism
strategy, which is still being
finalised, will be a comprehensive and cross-cutting
response to the evolving
threat from domestic and international terrorism.
“The Home Secretary has
made clear her determination to leave no safe space for
terrorists to act or recruit.”
He was evil, says cousin
of Manchester bomber
THE Manchester Arena
bomber was “evil”, his
cousin has said as he revealed the attack made him
feel “sick”.
Isaac Forjani, 22, told The
Sunday Times he lent his
bank card to Salman Abedi
to buy items online but in an
“act of betrayal”, he used it to
buy car batteries that he
used to make the bomb that
killed 22 people and injured
scores more at an Ariana
Grande concert last May.
Mr Forjani said he lost
“everything” – and was
arrested by officers who believed he knew about Abedi’s plans.
“Can you imagine somebody convincing you that if
you blow yourself up with all
those people, you’re going to
heaven? He’s evil. Simple as
that,” he said.
Upon hearing the news,
Mr Forjani said he felt “sick”.
He said: “I got my mum to
ring up the family in Libya to
try to confirm what was being said about Salman being
the bomber. Then a relative
confirmed he was missing.”
that came out of these reviews, yes they
work well together already but they
have to do more to pool their expertise.
“You get people in the agencies
maybe not being suspicious enough,
they get so much of this stuff every day
that they become almost, I won’t say
blasé, but almost accustomed to it and
you need someone who has been on
the street who can say ‘I think that it
needs a closer look’.”
MI5 runs a two-year training programme, starting on £30,000 a year, to
get graduates into analyst roles. It says
it “places you at the heart of MI5 investigations”. It did not respond to a request for comment.
Mr Anderson said that he was given
unprecedented access to both MI5 and
counter-terror policing because “everybody was shocked” by the four attacks across London and Manchester
last spring, which killed 36 and
wounded another 200.
He noted in his review that MI5 has
already agreed to share its knowledge
more widely.
By Daily Telegraph Reporter
A PHOTOGRAPH of the fiancé of Yulia
Skripal, the Salisbury poisoning victim, has emerged, amid claims he and
his mother have gone into hiding.
Stepan Vikeev vanished after Ms
Skripal and Sergei, her father, were
poisoned with a Russian nerve agent
last month, with The Mail on Sunday reporting he allegedly works for Vladimir
Yulia Skripal’s fiancé
Stepan Vikeev, far
left, and his mother
are reportedly being
protected by Russian
agents
EAST2WEST NEWS; FACEBOOK VIA AP
Former terrorism reviewer
says spy agency needs to
become more in touch
with police on the street
Poison victim’s
fiance ‘works
for Putin’s FSB’
Putin’s FSB intelligence service.
Russian security sources reportedly
told the paper Mr Vikeev, 30, works for
the Institute of Modern Security Problems, run by his mother Tatiana.
Mother and son are both thought to
have gone into hiding and are reportedly being protected by Russian government agents. It emerged yesterday
that key suspects have been identified
by investigators examining passenger
lists from flights in and out of Britain
around the time of the attack.
6
***
Monday 23 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
***
The Daily Telegraph Monday 23 April 2018
7
News
I fear Queen is
doomed to hear
Formby forever,
says Brandreth
By Hannah Furness
By Hannah Furness
ROYAL CORRESPONDENT
SHE is usually her husband’s most devoted champion, providing quiet support behind the scenes and by his side
in public.
Even the Duchess of Cornwall, however, drew the line on one occasion,
when she refused to visit the Prince of
Wales’s landmark Dumfries House project after sensing it was haunted.
The Duchess, who has allowed a
documentary team to follow her
through the year, has told of her initial
reaction to the Scottish stately home,
saved from a dilapidated state for the
nation by the Prince a decade ago.
It has since gone on to become a
masterclass in restoration, hailed as
preserving not only a Georgian “time
capsule” for the public to visit but providing jobs for the community and
training in dwindling traditional skills.
The Duchess gave an insight into the
transformation in a frank exchange.
“If you could have seen it when the
Prince first spotted it, you wouldn’t
have believed it was the same house,”
she told an ITV documentary.
“It was so sad and unlived in, unloved and neglected. And it had a really
eerie feel about it. There was definitely
a ghost. Without a shadow of a doubt. I
remember the first time I walked up
the steps, got into the hall and I thought
I can’t go any further. I literally froze. If
my hair could stand on end, it would
have done.
“I remember leaving and thinking I
don’t want to come back here again and
I didn’t for a few years.”
After the Prince’s team began work
on the house, opening it to the public
in 2008, she said she had walked in to
find a “completely new house”.
“Whatever was there had disappeared,” she said. “The whole thing
seemed to be smiling again.”
Of the idiosyncrasies of staying at
Dumfries House, the Duchess added: “I
love hearing clocks striking together.
We’ve got 10 or 11 grandfather clocks
that were collected by the Queen
Mother. They are all supposed to strike
at the same time but they never do.
However much you wind them, they’re
always out of sync.”
In 2007, The Daily Telegraph revealed that Dumfries House had been
saved by the Prince at the 11th hour after the building was put on the market
and its unique contents already on
their way to an auction house ready to
be sold off.
A group convened by the Prince secured the property and its furniture for
£45 million, with £20 million personally guaranteed by the heir to the
throne himself.
The ITV documentary, to be broadcast tonight, will tell the story of the
PA
How ‘haunted’
house proved
too much for
Duchess
The Prince’s restoration of Dumfries House in Ayrshire provided jobs for the local community and earned praise from the Duchess
Prince and Duchess’s relationship and
marriage. Ben Elliot, the Duchess’s
nephew, relays how the Queen expressed her approval at their 2005
wedding, saying: “It was a really happy
day because clearly these two people
had been in love for a long time.
“This was the end of a journey. I
think it was the Queen who said something in her speech about, I think it
Sorry we’re so famous, Obamas
tell daughter’s British boyfriend
By Francesca Marshall
BARACK and Michelle Obama have
sent their daughter’s British boyfriend
a letter apologising for being so famous.
The former US president and first
lady reportedly wrote to Rory Farquharson after becoming concerned over
the attention that Malia’s famous name
might bring upon her boyfriend.
Mr Farquharson and Miss Obama, 19,
have been an item since they met while
studying at Harvard University last
year.
However, according to sources in
The Mail on Sunday, the Obamas need
not worry as Mr Farquharson’s parents
have been very excited over their son
receiving the letter.
The 20-year-old is a former head boy
at Rugby School. Mr Farquharson was
made head of school at the private
school for 2015-16 and was described as
popular and “quite a catch”, according
to one school friend. He appears to be a
talented sportsman as well as academiRory Farquharson,
20, has been dating
Malia Obama, 19,
since they met at
Harvard University
last year
cally gifted, representing his school in
both golf and rugby.
He even took part in a rugby video
played at the World Cup Opening ceremony in 2015, in which Prince Harry
also made an appearance. His father,
Charles, 57, who has a degree in law
In tomorrow’s Arts section
Robert Trevino
Conductor who
rose from poverty
to become a
musical
sensation
from St Catharine’s College, Cambridge, is the chief executive of Insight
Investment Management, based in
London.
His mother, Catherine, 58, is a qualified accountant who sits as a lay person
on financial and legal tribunals in London’s Upper Tribunal.
His Twitter account also suggests he
is a vocal critic of Mr Obama’s successor as president, Donald Trump,
retweeting a post which suggested Mr
Trump’s “populism” was unlikely to
last more than a year.
In 2016, Mr Obama revealed that his
daughters had already started dating,
but joked that he was “pretty relaxed”
about the prospect because the family
still have secret service protection.
“They’ve had the secret service.
There’s only so much these guys can
do,” he said.
Menu for first meal
served on Titanic
sells for £100,000
A LUNCH menu of spring lamb and
pastries that was the first meal served
on the RMS Titanic has sold for
£100,000 at auction.
The lunch – including sweetbreads
– was served during the liner’s sea trials on April 2 in 1912, 12 days before the
ship hit an iceberg.
The menu belonged to Second Officer Charles Lightoller, the most senior surviving officer from the Titanic,
who died aged 78 in 1952.
He gave the menu to his wife as a
souvenir before he left from Southampton on April 10 in 1912, four days
before disaster struck.
Officer Lightoller, from Chorley,
Lancs stayed on board the doomed ship
until blown into the freezing sea by a
rush of warm air as a boiler exploded.
He clung to a capsized boat with 30
others until their rescue – 1,522 passengers and crew died.
Among other items under the hammer at auctioneers Henry Aldridge and
Son in Devizes, Wilts, was a key to the
doomed vessel’s chart room that sold
for £78,000. A third class steward’s
badge, which was worn by Thomas
Mullin, fetched £57,000. The badge
was found with his body.
In 2012 a menu of the first dinner
served to first-class passengers on the
Titanic on April 10 1912 sold for
£46,000 at auction.
‘I remember leaving and
thinking I don’t want to
come back here and
I didn’t for a few years’
was the same day as the Grand National, that they had got over Becher’s
Brook and that her son was with the
woman that he loved.” He added: “As
we’ve seen with our current Queen,
she’s been a great Queen because she’s
been assisted absolutely brilliantly by
her husband the Duke of Edinburgh.
And when the Prince of Wales eventually becomes our king, with my aunt
next to him, he will be a great king.”
u The Real Camilla: HRH The Duchess
of Cornwall airs tonight at 9pm on ITV.
A ROYAL biographer has said he regrets revealing the Queen’s love of
George Formby to the world, saying
she is now doomed to hear ukulele music wherever she goes.
Gyles Brandreth, a friend of the
Royal family who has written extensively on the Queen and Duke of Edinburgh, said Formby’s songs had
become the “go-to repertoire” for anyone hoping to entertain the Queen.
Writing after the Royal Albert Hall
concert to celebrate the Queen’s 92nd
birthday, where the George Formby
Fan Club led by Frank Skinner, Harry
Hill and Ed Balls played When I’m
Cleaning Windows, he said he must accept responsibility for the choice.
“I’m sure the Queen does enjoy
George Formby, but I am not sure he’s
her ‘one and only’,” Brandreth said.
“That will make no difference. Once it’s
in print there’s no escape.
“From now on in, whenever the
Queen and music are mentioned together, George Formby will be part of
the story. She will have ukulele music
wherever she goes.”
The birthday concert was attended
by the Queen, Prince of Wales, Duchess of Cornwall, Duke of Cambridge,
Prince Harry, Meghan Markle, the
Duke of York, Princess Beatrice, Princess Eugenie, the Earl and Countess of
Wessex, the Princess Royal and Sir
Timothy Laurence, along with other
members of the extended Royal family.
Performers at the concert, intended
to celebrate the Commonwealth, included Sir Tom Jones, Kylie Minogue,
Shawn Mendes, Sting and Shaggy, with
many viewers wondering whether
they were really to the Queen’s taste.
Some viewers also proclaimed themselves confused over the lack of the national anthem, with concert-goers
instead giving the Queen a prolonged
standing ovation as she took her seat at
the Royal Albert Hall.
Where they expected to hear God
Save the Queen, they were treated to a
country song from Kylie Minogue, accompanied by dancing cowboys.
Organisers said it was not an oversight, but a deliberate decision.
Royal sources said the evening was
recognised as an “informal occasion”,
while those working on the show for
the BBC insisted they had been assured
the anthem was not a “requirement”.
Michael Lake, director of the Royal
Commonwealth Society which worked
to put the event together, said the concert was “meant to have the feel of a
family birthday party”, with a view being taken that the anthem “did not fit
with that sensitivity”.
Concert review: Page 27
8
**
Monday 23 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
News
Police forces still racist,
says Sentamu, 25 years on
from Lawrence murder
POLICE forces across Britain are still
guilty of institutional racism 25 years
after the murder of Stephen Lawrence,
the Archbishop of York has suggested.
Dr John Sentamu said the recommendations made by the Macpherson
report, following the racist murder of
the black teenager, needed to be revisited and lessons still needed to be learnt.
Speaking on the 25th anniversary of
Stephen’s murder in south-east London, Dr Sentamu – who was the Bishop
of Stepney at the time – said the murder
still had a “chilling effect” on Britain.
And he said it was time to look again
at the findings of the Macpherson
report, and consider where areas of policing could be improved.
He told Sunday on BBC Radio 4: “I
think the 72 recommendations, which
were accepted by the then Home Secretary, and there was an action plan …
I’m afraid it needs to be revisited by
every police service so that they learn.”
Archbishop of York
Dr John Sentamu
says that important
lessons in the
Macpherson report
still need to be learnt
When asked what needed to be done to
improve attitudes that may be considered racist, he said: “I think it is a question of greater training, people need to
be more vigilant and they need to realise that if you stereotype people, you
end up disadvantaging them.”
Stephen was set upon by a gang of
white racists at a bus stop in Eltham in
April 1993.
Prince Harry and Meghan Markle
will attend a memorial service today,
where they will deliver a personal message of support to the family from his
father, the Prince of Wales.
The Prince will read his father’s
message, which is expected to express his sympathy and acknowledge
the courage and dignity of the Lawrence family, at the service in St Martin-in-the-Fields.
The Prince and Ms Markle will meet
Stephen’s mother, Baroness Lawrence,
and his brother, Stuart, at the event to
“celebrate his life and legacy”, including
the charitable trust set up in his name.
The Prince of Wales, who delivered
the annual Stephen Lawrence Memorial Lecture in 2000, was invited because of his interest in the built
environment reflects Stephen’s ambition to be an architect.
The police investigation into the
murder was flawed with detectives failing to arrest the main suspects and
gather vital evidence.
The Macpherson report later
accused the Metropolitan Police of
being “institutionally racist”.
After a lengthy campaign for justice
by Stephen’s parents, Doreen and
Neville Lawrence, David Norris and
Gary Dobson were found guilty of murder in 2012, but of the other suspects
three remain at large.
CHARLOTTE GRAHAM; NICHOLAS RAZZELL; STEVE BAINBRIDGE / MIRRORPIX
By Martin Evans
CRIME CORRESPONDENT
Neville Lawrence
revisits the scene
where Stephen,
above, was killed.
He spoke of his
shock at the soaring
rate of knife crime:
‘I am so sad this has
escalated,’ he said
‘I’m afraid
the report
needs to be
revisited by
every police
service so
that they
learn’
Dropping hard-to-read books
will produce a happy ending
u Reader’s guilt at
abandoning a book half way
through should be done
away with, according to The
Reading Agency, as it
advised simply putting
down any novel that does
not bring you pleasure.
A poll by the literary
charity of 2,000 people
found more than a fifth of
readers (22 per cent) refused
to give up on a book, no
matter how much they were
struggling, while others will
wait weeks, or even months,
before conceding defeat.
The most common novel
to not be finished was Fifty
Shades of Grey by EL James,
followed by JRR Tolkien’s
The Lord of the Rings: The
Fellowship of the Ring and
Harry Potter and the Order of
the Phoenix by JK Rowling.
The Reading Agency,
which commissioned the
survey to mark World Book
Night today, suggested that
anyone who finds
themselves facing “book
block” should simply drop
what they are reading. It
said: “You should never force
yourself to read something
you’re not enjoying.”
Two fifths of children worry
about levels of air pollution
u Children as young as six
are worried about the health
impacts of air pollution, a
YouGov survey has found.
More than two fifths of
children polled who lived in
towns and cities were
concerned about the levels.
The poll, carried out for
Sustrans, the walking and
cycling charity, surveyed
more than 1,000 children
aged six to 15 about their
attitudes towards air
pollution and the actions
they think should be taken
to help clean up the air.
More than one in three
thought encouraging more
people to cycle, scoot or
walk to school was the best
way to reduce levels of air
pollution.
The number of
children who said they
were concerned about
air pollution rose to over
half, (53 per cent), in
London.
More than one in three
thought that politicians
were most responsible for
bringing down levels of air
pollution while 29 per cent
believed drivers should take
responsibility themselves.
Convict
coders learn
to make apps
Pay students
a living wage,
says union
u Prisoners are developing
apps that will be sold to the
public, it has emerged.
A report by HM Chief
Inspector of Prisons said
that inmates at the
1,000-capacity HMP
Humber in East Yorkshire
achieved “industry-standard
skills” in the jail’s computer
coding workshop, the first
of its kind in the UK.
The workshop, which has
around 20 computers was
hailed as a “success” at the
category C training prison.
“The prison had
introduced a well-equipped
workshop for prisoners to
develop computer and
smartphone apps by writing
computer code,” the report
revealed. “Prisoners
benefited from teaching by
outside experts via
electronic communication,
as well as the prison’s
instructor. Prisoners worked
enthusiastically and were
aware they were developing
skills that were in demand
in the job market.”
u The Government should
introduce a minimum living
income for students to
ensure financial pressures
do not dissuade them from
university or college, a
review has suggested.
The National Union of
Students (NUS) said working
class students face major
barriers hindering their
ability to enrol in post-16
education in England.
The NUS report proposes
the Government introduce a
minimum living income,
but does not say how much
this should be. Shakira
Martin, the NUS president,
said: “Being born workingclass is one of the biggest
barriers to education.”
A Department for
Education spokesman said:
“Our reforms to higher,
further and technical
education are going further
than any before to make
sure that every young
person can fulfil their
potential, whatever their
background.”
Four British pilgrims die and
12 hurt in Saudi road crash
u Four Britons have died
and 12 others were injured
in a coach crash while on a
pilgrimage to Mecca.
A woman aged in her 60s
from Blackburn, an elderly
woman and her adult son,
from Preston, and an elderly
man, also from Preston, died
in the crash near the town of
Al Khalas, said Hashim
Travel, a Blackburn-based
travel firm.
The group was travelling
from Mecca to Medina on an
Umrah pilgrimage.
The Umrah is a Muslim
pilgrimage to Saudi Arabia
undertaken at any time of
the year, compared to the
Hajj, which must be done on
certain dates of the Islamic
calendar.
Hashim Travel said that
the coach that the four
Britons were travelling on
was hit by a fuel tanker,
which then caught fire and
set the bus alight.
The driver of the petrol
tanker is also said to have
died, while other coach
passengers were treated for
fractures. It is understood
that a young child is among
the injured.
**
The Daily Telegraph Monday 23 April 2018
9
News
Martin Lewis to sue over Facebook’s fake adverts
By Olivia Rudgard
SOCIAL AFFAIRS CORRESPONDENT
MARTIN LEWIS, the founder of
MoneySavingExpert, is to sue Facebook over scam advertisements using
his image.
The financial commentator is claiming defamation after allegations that
the site is publishing fake adverts that
convince vulnerable people to hand
over thousands of pounds to criminals.
He said the company had hosted
more than 50 of the adverts and that it
had failed to act because it was motivated by “greed”.
Mr Lewis said the legal action, due to
be launched today, was the result of
months of frustration with scammers
who were piggybacking on his reputation and preying on Facebook users
with outlandish get-rich-quick scams.
Fans have handed over thousands of
pounds in good faith, only to find the
advert has nothing to do with Mr Lewis
or his company.
“Vulnerable people are the ones being scammed and the ones being hurt,”
he told The Daily Telegraph. “It has to
take some responsibility. Facebook has
become this big agglomerated organisation where no one seems to take care
and responsibility.”
Facebooks terms and conditions for
adverts include the line: “Adverts must
not contain deceptive, false, or misleading content, including deceptive
claims, offers, or business practices.”
Mr Lewis said the legal action was
not designed to win the case itself, but
to force the company to change its policy on advertising, for example by hav-
Martin Lewis has said
he has had to
repeatedly contact
Facebook about
adverts falsely using
his image
ing inbuilt settings notifying wellknown people every time their image
has been used in an advert, requiring
their approval. He has repeatedly reported the advert, only for new, almost
identical ones to appear days later. “I
don’t do ads, so an ad with me in it does
not have my permission,” he said. “It’s
distressing, and genuinely makes me
feel sick when I hear someone has lost
money because of this.”
Mark Lewis, his solicitor, said: “Facebook is not above the law – it cannot
hide outside the UK and think that it is
untouchable.
“Exemplary damages are being
sought. This means we will ask the
court to ensure they are substantial
enough that Facebook can’t simply see
paying out damages as just the ‘cost of
business’ and carry on regardless.”
Facebook said: “We do not allow adverts that are misleading or false on Facebook and have explained to Martin
Lewis that he should report any adverts that infringe his rights and they
will be removed.
“We are in direct contact with his
team, offering to help and promptly investigating their requests, and only last
week confirmed that several adverts
and accounts that violated our advertising policies had been taken down.”
Surge in
demand to
delete social
media accounts
By Sarah Knapton SCIENCE EDITOR
By Francesca Marshall
CYBERBULLYING makes young people more than twice as likely to harm
themselves or attempt suicide, a study
has shown.
The growth of social media has left
many young people vulnerable to online bullying.
Around one third of young people
claim to have been victims, and the research suggests it can have damaging
and deadly consequences.
Researchers at the universities of
Oxford, Swansea and Birmingham, led
by Prof Ann John from Swansea University, reviewed previous studies that
involved more than 150,000 young
people under the age of 25 across 30
countries over a 21-year period.
They found that cyberbullying
raised the risk of self-harm or suicidal
behaviour 2.3 times. The researchers
said that young cyberbullying victims
should be screened for common mental disorders and self harm. Prof John
said: “Suicide prevention and intervention is essential within any comprehensive anti-bullying programme and
should incorporate a whole-school approach to include awareness raising
and training for staff and pupils”.
The research was published in the
Journal of Medical Internet Research.
u Tobias Ellwood, the defence minister, banned his children from using all
mobile devices while on holiday, saying he fears we are all “addicted” to our
gadgets. Liz Truss, the Chief Secretary
to the Treasury, said she locked up her
daughter’s phone to control her use.
THE number of people searching “how
to delete Facebook” online has doubled
in the wake of the Cambridge Analytica
scandal.
The reputation of Facebook has suffered greatly after it emerged that
around 50 million users worldwide had
their data accessed – with about one
million victims based in the UK.
A new study carried out by Virtual
Private Network (VPN), a data firm,
found that searches for “delete Facebook” had risen by 101 per cent in the
UK in March compared with the previous month.
Across the country, “delete Facebook” was looked up most widely in
London, with searches increasing by
139 per cent from 16,027 to 38,370.
Simon Migliano, head of research at
VPN, told the Evening Standard: “The
Cambridge Analytica data breach has
confirmed the long-held suspicions of
many social media users that their personal data is being used for various
means without their explicit consent.
“The backlash against what many
would consider an egregious use of
powers was immediate – with thousands of users in impacted countries
swiftly looking to distance themselves
from data-hungry sites like Facebook.
“The rocketing of search terms like
‘delete Facebook’ is evidence of a digital uprising of sorts against what has
become the accepted norm in the last
decade.” Brighton came in second
place, climbing by 129 per cent, while
Bristol rose by 111 per cent. Fourth was
Edinburgh, rising 98 per cent, then
Sunderland, up 95 per cent.
Editorial Comment: Page 19
LEN COPLAND/SWNS.COM
Cyberbullying
doubles risk of
self harm in
young people
Weird beards Gary Swain (above), Rob Hine (top right) and Paul Goad of the Wessex Beardsmen – a facial hair-themed social
club founded in 2013 – were among the competitors at the Beard and Moustache Competition in Yeovil, Somerset.
10
***
Monday 23 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
News
‘Credible victim’ gave five different accounts
Review after failed police
investigation recommends
dropping policy of always
believing abuse cases
By Martin Evans
CRIME CORRESPONDENT
AN ALLEGED fantasist known as
“Nick”, gave five different accounts
of VIP abuse to the police, but was
still regarded as “credible and true”,
it has emerged, as a recent review
recommends dropping the policy of
automatically believing “victims”.
Under the current rules, police
forces must say they believe a person
who makes a complaint of rape or sexual assault, to give victims the confidence to come forward after an attack.
That policy is now expected to be
dropped after a string of allegedly malicious complaints were made against
high-profile people including politicians and celebrities.
Scotland Yard’s disastrous Operation
Midland – which was launched when
“Nick” claimed a VIP paedophile ring
had raped and murdered boys in the
Eighties – eventually closed without a
single arrest having been made.
The investigation, which cost
£2.5 million, traduced the reputations
of a number of public figures, includ-
ing Sir Edward Heath, the former
Prime Minister; Lord Brittan, the former Home Secretary; Lord Bramall, the
war hero; and Harvey Proctor, the former Tory MP.
A report by the College of Policing
has revealed that Scotland Yard believed Nick, even though he gave detectives five different accounts of his
alleged ordeal in six months.
The information was contained in a
redacted report published by Sir Richard Henriques, the retired High Court
judge, but was revealed for the first
time in the College of Policing review.
Prosecutors are considering whether
to bring charges against Nick for perverting the course of justice. Asst Com-
missioner Rob Beckley, who carried
out the review, has now recommended
that forces drop the policy of automatically believing complainants.
While the current policy reads: “The
‘They have not bothered to
interview people whose
lives have been ruined by
these malicious allegations’
intention is that victims are believed”,
he suggested it should be changed to
state: “The intention is that victims can
be confident they will be listened to
and their crime taken seriously.” The
decision to introduce a blanket policy
of believing victims was introduced in
the wake of the Jimmy Savile scandal,
when it became clear that many assault
victims, particularly children, had not
been believed.
But false allegations, against high
profile figures such as Sir Cliff Richard,
Paul Gambaccini, the broadcaster, and
Lord Bramall, a D-Day veteran, have
led for calls for a rethink.
Recently,
Cressida
Dick,
the
Metropolitan Police Commissioner,
signalled a change of approach by her
force, but the national policy remains
in place.
A College of Policing spokesman said
the review would need to go forward
for consultation with victims’ groups
and chief officers, before any final policy decision was made.
But Mr Proctor, who lost his job and
his home following the false claims
against him, said the victims of malicious complaints should also be consulted.
He said: “While I of course welcome
this recommendation, it is long overdue. I am also very concerned that the
College of Policing have interviewed
lots of people regarding this policy,
but they have not bothered to interview people like Sir Cliff Richard, or
Paul Gambaccini or myself, whose
lives have been ruined by these malicious allegations.”
ISLANDVISIONS/BNPS
Striking show
This spectacular
image of lightning
firing down on
beaches and fields
in Dorset
underlines the
passing of the
recent heatwave.
Britain is set to
return to April
showers from today
after the UK
enjoyed some
record-beating hot
weather last week
and over the
weekend. This
week’s temperatures
are due to dip by
50F (10C) in some
parts of the country
with widespread
rain. Last Thursday
was the hottest
April day for nearly
70 years, peaking at
84F (29.1C) in
London.
Weather: Page 32
Charity head investigated over Former Tory whip has not been
alleged child sex abuse in Nepal questioned about rape, Met says
Peter Dalglish with Justin Trudeau, the
Canadian prime minister
had been working in the country providing education and drinking water to
poor communities with his charity.
Under Nepalese law Mr Dalglish
could be jailed for eight to 12 years if he
were convicted of the allegations.
Speaking to The Mail on Sunday,
Pushkar Karki, director of the bureau,
claimed that Mr Dalglish had persuaded
By Martin Evans
A FORMER Conservative whip who is
being investigated over alleged sex offences, has not been questioned about
rape, Scotland Yard has confirmed.
Charlie Elphicke, 47, was suspended
by the Conservative Party five months
ago after sexual harassment allegations
were made against him.
The Dover MP, who is also a member
of the Treasury select committee, was
questioned last month by the Metropolitan Police over allegations of “sexual touching”.
Yesterday, The Sunday Times reported that a woman had claimed she
had been raped by him between 2015
and 2017.
The married father-of-two has vehemently denied any wrongdoing and his
solicitor has said no rape allegation has
been raised at any time.
In a statement issued on behalf of
the MP, his solicitor said: “At no time
has any allegation of this nature been
Charlie Elphicke has been questioned by
police over ‘sexual touching’ allegations
raised. In addition, I was present when
Mr Elphicke was interviewed by the
police and I can confirm categorically
that this is the case.
“Moreover, had a credible allegation
of this nature been made against my
client, it is inconceivable that the police would not have questioned him
about it by now, over five months later.”
‘Force stalkers
to wear GPS
trackers’
Bishops state
transgender
concerns
By Martin Evans
By Olivia Rudgard
CONVICTED stalkers and
domestic abusers should be
made to wear GPS trackers
to alert their victims when
they are nearby, campaigners have suggested.
The plan would mean anyone granted a restraining order against a former partner
could be alerted through a
phone app or another device
if they were in the vicinity.
The Victims’ Rights Campaign wants offenders to
wear a transmitter which
would send a signal to a receiver carried by the victim.
A government consultation
is considering tagging perpetrators to electronically
monitor their movements.
CATHOLIC bishops are
“deeply concerned” about
confusion
caused
by
transgender ideology.
Following a meeting in
Leeds, the Bishops’ Conference of England and Wales
said they “recognise that
there are people who do not
accept their biological sex”.
While
acknowledging
“the idea that the individual
is free to define himself or
herself dominates discourse
about gender… our human
instinct is otherwise,” the
bishops said in a statement.
They added: “We are
deeply concerned that this
ideology of gender is creating confusion.”
CHARLOTTE GRAHAM
THE United Nations is investigating
claims that a former senior official with
links to a British charity sexually
abused children in his care.
Police in Nepal said they had found
evidence that suggested Peter Dalglish,
a Canadian, had been “targeting children from poor financial backgrounds
and sexually abusing them”.
They claimed Mr Dalglish was found
in a room with two children in their
early teens after they launched an early
morning raid at his home in Nagarkot,
near Kathmandu earlier this month.
Mr Dalglish, 60, founded the charity
Street Kids International and around 15
years ago also founded the Himalayan
Community Foundation, which provides health care and education to
remote communities in Nepal.
A statement released by the country’s Central Investigation Bureau said
that inquiries were continuing into Mr
Dalglish’s behaviour. It added that he
parents to entrust their children to him
by offering to provide education for
them as well as taking them abroad and
finding them with jobs.
During his 30-year career in aid
work, Mr Dalglish has been with the
World Food Programme, Unicef, and
the World Health Organisation (WHO)
as well as spending stints as a UN representative in Afghanistan and in Nepal.
Unicef said it was reviewing its
records, as did the World Food Programme. The WHO said it was
“shocked” at the allegations but no
complaints had been made to the organisation about Mr Dalglish.
Street Kids International (SKI) is
now part of Save the Children, which
said he had never worked for it.
“Save the Children acquired one of
SKI’s programmes and some of its assets in 2015,” a spokesman said.
Rahul Chapagain, Mr Dalglish’s lawyer, said: “Charges have not been filed
but he denies the allegations. He will
plead not guilty.”
STEVE PARSONS
By Daily Telegraph Reporter
Day of the Cuckoo Bands perform at the
Marsden Cuckoo Day Festival, celebrated
in West Yorkshire to mark spring’s arrival.
Scotland Yard also said the investigation at this stage was only one into allegations of “sexual touching”.
A spokesman said: “On 12 March,
2018, a man was interviewed under
caution, by appointment. The interview was in connection with an ongoing investigation being carried out by
the Child Abuse and Sexual Offences
Command into alleged offences of sexual touching.”
Mr Elphicke was suspended from
the Conservative Party and had the
party whip removed on Nov 3.
He has insisted he was unaware what
the specific allegations against him
were until he was questioned under
caution last month.
Keith Single, the Dover and Deal
Conservative Association chairman,
said: “Many people will rightly ask why
Charlie was not questioned about this
‘allegation’ when interviewed by the
police. Charlie is innocent until proven
otherwise and continues to have our
full support.”
The Daily Telegraph Monday 23 April 2018
***
11
12
***
Monday 23 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
**
The Daily Telegraph Monday 23 April 2018
13
News
Carpetbaggers: clothes moths prefer the South, survey shows
By Daily Telegraph Reporter
CLOTHES moths favour the South, a
survey by English Heritage has revealed as it warned the public to shake
their woolly jumpers once a month.
As part of the year-long survey,
members of the public were asked to
monitor clothes moths in their homes.
Operation Clothes Moth was
launched a year ago after English Heritage experts witnessed the numbers of
common or webbing clothes moths
double, and observed the appearance
of the pale-backed clothes moth. They
could pose a risk to the charity’s collection of historic wool carpets, tapestries
and period clothing.
The survey, which included thousands of traps being handed out at English Heritage sites and data from 42
counties being recorded, discovered an
“alarmingly high” number of the new
species, the pale-backed clothes moth.
It also revealed that the reported
catch of the common clothes moth was
significantly higher in London and the
South East, where an average 23 moths
were found per trap, than anywhere
else in England.
The South West came second with
an average of 17 moths per trap, while
the East Midlands, North West and
North East of the country recorded the
lowest levels.
According to the Operation Clothes
Moth results, flats or apartments are
more susceptible to clothes moths as
they have shared walls.
Clothes moth numbers were higher
in older, pre-1950 properties as they
have more voids, fireplaces and attics
23
The average number of moths found
per trap in London and the South-East,
more than anywhere else in England
than modern houses, English Heritage
said.
Amber Xavier-Rowe, English Heritage’s head of collections conservation,
said: “The response from the public has
been brilliant and the data we’ve gathered has been invaluable in informing
our understanding of the clothes moth
threat.
“Now that we know where the
clothes moth concentration is the highest, we can put in place extra measures
to ensure that our historic houses in
these areas are fully protected and preserved for future generations.”
She added: “It has really resonated
with a lot of people who, yes, want to
help us protect our collections but also
to protect their favourite woolly jump-
Self-healing
salamander
points to cure
for paralysed
Amphibian’s ability to
regenerate spinal cord
could potentially be
recreated in humans
By Sarah Knapton SCIENCE EDITOR
AN ENDANGERED salamander may
hold the key to helping paralysed people walk again, scientists believe.
The axolotl, or Mexican salamander,
has the astonishing ability to regenerate limbs and even its spinal cord if it
has been injured.
Now a study by the University of Minnesota has discovered how the amphibians achieve the feat, and how humans
may be able to replicate the process.
When an axolotl suffers a spinal cord
injury, nearby glial cells begin proliferating rapidly, positioning themselves
to rebuild connections between nerves
and reconnect the injured spinal cord.
By contrast, when a human suffers a
spinal cord injury, the glial cells form
scar tissue, which blocks nerves from
ever reconnecting with each other.
The US team discovered that a particular protein called c-Fos, which is
carried by both salamanders and humans, is crucial for the regeneration
process. However, in humans the protein is prevented from working by another family of proteins known as Juns,
which trigger scar tissue formation.
Scientists are hopeful that if they can
create a drug to switch off the Jun proteins, that will allow the glial cells to
grow back the spinal cord.
“Humans have very limited capacity
for regeneration, while other species
like salamanders have the remarkable
ability to functionally regenerate
limbs, heart tissue and even the spinal
cord after injury,” said Dr Karen Echeverri, the lead researcher and assistant professor in the department of
genetics, cell biology and development
at the University of Minnesota.
“We have discovered that despite
Dad’s the word
Tom Daley has
spoken about the
difficulties of
having a child via a
surrogate in the
UK, as he and his
husband celebrated
the imminent
arrival of their son
with a baby shower.
The Olympic diver
told Nick Robinson
on the Andrew
Marr Show: ‘The
laws in the UK are
different to the US.
If a surrogate
carries a baby, UK
law recognises the
surrogate and her
partner as the
parents.’
Daley and Black
shared images on
Instagram of them
wearing ‘Oh baby’
glasses and ‘Daddy
to be’ sashes.
this difference in response to injury,
these animals share many of the same
genes with humans. This knowledge
could be used to design new therapeutic targets for treating spinal cord injury or neurodegenerative diseases.”
The spinal cord is a bundle of nerves
and other tissue that extends from the
brain’s base at the top of the neck down
the length of the back. If it is damaged
or injured, messages from the brain are
disrupted, leading to partial or total
loss of feeling or movement in limbs or
internal organs below the injury.
There are around 40,000 people living with spinal cord damage in Britain,
and every year 1,000 people suffer a
life-changing injury.
The axolotl, which is also known as
the Mexican walking fish, is native to
The axolotl, also
known as the
Mexican salamander,
can regenerate limbs
and even spinal cord
if it has been injured
lakes near Mexico City, and grows to
around nine inches in length.
It can grow back lost limbs in just a
few weeks, and even grow extra limbs.
It can replace its lungs and parts of its
brain if it suffers a head injury and it
heals without any scarring.
In the new study, researchers compared gene expressions in humans and
salamanders to try to pinpoint where
they were differing.
“Our approach allows us to identify
not just the mechanisms necessary to
drive regeneration in salamanders but
what is happening differently in humans in responses to injury,” said Miss
Echeverri, who believes the breakthrough could help with a variety of injuries.
The research was presented at the
2018 Experimental Biology Meeting in
San Diego.
Police join beekeepers in battle against swarms buzzing into town
By Daily Telegraph Reporter
POLICE have teamed up with beekeepers to catch swarms that are apparently
terrorising the public.
As temperatures rose last week, colonies of bees were seen breaking up
into smaller swarms and creating new
nests. Police have been working with
beekeepers to help cordon off affected
areas and clear the swarms safely.
Gerry McDonald, chief inspector for
East Herts, said: “As it gets warmer we
get calls telling us about large swarms
of bees. This is why this year we are
working with the Beekeepers Association to find swarms and collect them
and to help people at the same time.
“Please call them if you see a swarm
of bees and they will come and collect
the swarm.”
In May 2017, a large swarm descended
on the centre of Bishop’s Stortford,
Herts, filling the air with an enormous
cloud of bees that caused panic among
shoppers who ran for cover.
Birdwatchers flock to spot rare American visitor
By Sarah Knapton
THE arrival of a rare American bittern
to Britain has sparked a “mega-twitch”
with thousands of birdwatchers descending on the Suffolk Broads to catch
a glimpse of the elusive visitor.
It is the first time in eight years that
the bird has been sighted in the UK,
with ornithologists speculating it was
blown off course on its annual migration between North America and the
Gulf of Mexico.
The American bittern is usually difficult to spot because it is so well camouflaged with its tawny brown feathers
that provide a perfect disguise at the
ers.” English Heritage has also drawn
up a guide, based on 20 years of practical experience protecting historic collections from insect pests, to help
homeowners defend their homes from
infestations. It is on sale tomorrow.
The top tips for preventing clothes
moth infestations include checking for
moths in the creases, folds and behind
labels of clothing, keeping items in vacuum bags, and taking out items from
the wardrobe and giving them a good
shake at least once a month to disturb
the moths.
edges of marshes and lakes. Like the
native European bittern, its loud booming call is usually the first hint that it is
present.
Birdwatchers posted their images of
the bird on Twitter.
Andy Hale said he had caught sight
of the American visitor after 30 hours
of waiting, while David Walsh said he
had made three visits to the marshes
and spent 15 and a half hours watching.
Mr Walsh said: “I finally saw the
American bittern at Carlton Marshes.
What a relief.”
The bittern’s chosen landing spot
was the site of Britain’s newest national
nature reserve. The Suffolk Wildlife
The American bittern at
Carlton Marshes in Suffolk
Trust has now been awarded more
than £4 million from the Heritage Lottery Fund to use 348 acres of land surrounding Carlton Marshes to create a
1,000-acre wild landscape.
Sir David Attenborough, president
emeritus of The Wildlife Trusts, who
supported the bid said: “England’s
wildlife is under great and ever-growing pressure. It is vital that we restore
our land on a landscape scale so that it
can support more wild plants and animals.
“Suffolk Wildlife Trust’s ambition to
extend Carlton and Oulton Marshes is a
unique opportunity to do just this and
it has my wholehearted support.”
More help for
the children
of alcoholics
ST GEORGE’S DAY will become a national holiday under a Labour government,
Jeremy Corbyn will announce today.
The Labour leader is expected to tell a conference in
Bournemouth that Britain’s
workers deserve a day off after eight years of austerity.
The party said making it a
public holiday will “celebrate our country’s tradition
of fairness, inclusivity and
social justice”.
Labour also plans to hold
UK-wide public holidays on
St David’s Day, on March 1, St
Patrick’s Day, on March 17,
and St Andrew’s Day, on November 30.
“These holidays will be a
chance for workers to spend
time with their families, in
their communities and with
their friends. But they will
also be a chance to celebrate
the national cultures of our
proud nations,” said Mr Corbyn.
CHILDREN suffering at the
hands of alcoholic parents
will be offered a lifeline under plans to provide them
with quick access to support
and advice.
An estimated 200,000
children in England live
with alcohol-dependent parents, with the NSPCC reporting a 16 per cent rise in calls
relating to drink or drug
abuse in recent years.
The measures unveiled by
the Government include fast
access to mental health services and support for families where there is a
dependent drinker. There is
also funding to more quickly
identify and support children who are at risk.
The plans will receive
£6 million in joint funding.
Local authorities will be invited to bid for a portion of
£4.5 million based on local
need, with priority given to
areas where more children
are affected.
KEITH HODGINS/PA
Labour backs
a St George
public holiday
Fresh from the pod Onlookers described spotting killer whales in
the Clyde over the weekend as a once-in-a-lifetime experience.
Dr Michael Cook, chairman of the
Hertford and Ware Beekeeping
Association, said
the purpose of
removing the bees from where they
were originally found was to stop the
swarm heading back to familiar territory and sources of food.
He added: “We have around 40 people who are on the swarm collection
list. When we get information about a
swarm we go and assess it.
“If it is a swarm, we put traffic cones
around the site and white and red tape
to stop people going into the area. We
collect the swarm but we don’t take
them away immediately. We keep them
in a box and wait for the feeder bees to
return, then we take them away.”
Once collected by the beekeepers,
the insects are examined to check their
health and are then passed on to professional beekeepers to look after.
Once a swarm is removed from a
populated area it is transferred to a
safer “quarantined area” to prevent any
return in future.
14
**
Monday 23 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
World news
Macron to tell
Trump ‘there
is no Plan B’
over Iran’s
nuclear deal
By Rob Crilly in New York
EMMANUEL MACRON will meet
Donald Trump today carrying a message that the United States must remain
committed to a flawed nuclear deal
with Iran because there is no “Plan B”.
In an interview on the eve of his trip
to Washington as the first foreign
leader to be afforded a full state visit by
the American president, his French
counterpart discussed his reputation
as the “Trump whisperer” and his
hopes for averting a trade war.
He also insisted that the US was committed to rebuilding Syria, warning
that Mr Trump’s threat to withdraw
could leave the door open to Iran.
Iran and the issue of alliance-building are expected to dominate his meetings with Mr Trump who is known for
his unilateralist instincts.
Officials say they will discuss Iran tomorrow ahead of a May 12 deadline for
Mr Trump to decide whether to reimpose sanctions and scuttle the Iran
deal, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).
Mr Macron said the deal was not perfect but he would implore Mr Trump
not to abandon it for fear of turning
Iran into another North Korea.
“What is Plan B? I don’t have any
Plan B for nuclear against Iran,” he said,
but added he agreed with Mr Trump
that more must be done to rein in Tehran’s development of ballistic missiles
and its meddling across the Middle East.
“My point is to say don’t leave now,
the JCPOA, as long as you don’t have a
better option for nuclear, and let’s
complete it with ballistic missile and
regional containment,” he said.
The 2015 deal between Iran, the US,
the UK and four other world powers
unpicked Tehran’s nuclear programme
in return for sanctions relief.
Mr Trump has repeatedly called it
one of the worst deals ever and it has
grated with him to have had to periodically endorse it.
At the weekend, the Iranian foreign
minister threatened “drastic action” if
the US withdrew. “America never
should have feared Iran producing a
nuclear bomb, but we will pursue vigorously our nuclear enrichment,” he
said in New York where he is attending
the United Nations general assembly.
Mr Macron has emerged as a leading
ally of Mr Trump at a time when many
world leaders have kept their distance.
Although Mr Macron has faced criticism for his stance at home, his prize is
to be feted in Washington with an
address to Congress and the full pomp
of a state dinner tomorrow.
He explained his “Trump whisperer”
nickname as being the result of their
shared experience of unexpected election victories. “We have a very special
relationship because both of us are
probably the mavericks of the system
on both sides,” he said.
At the same time, he said he hoped
Mr Trump would drop his plans for tariffs on aluminium and steel and said he
was bringing a wider message that the
president needed allies if he was to
pursue his interests.
“It’s too complicated if you make
war against everyone,” he said. “You
make trade war against China, trade
war against Europe, war in Syria, war
against Iran. Come on. It doesn’t work.
You need allies. We are the ally.”
He also issued a stark warning of
more war and instability if Mr Trump
made good on recent promises to pull
out of Syria as soon as possible.
‘It’s too complicated if you
make war against everyone.
It doesn’t work. You need
allies. We are the ally’
“If we leave … we will leave the floor
to the Iranian regime, Bashar al-Assad
and these guys, and they will prepare
the new war,” he said. “They will fuel
the new terrorists.”
According to Le Monde, Elysee
sources said Mr Macron maintains that
“the signs are not encouraging” about
the chances of convincing Mr Trump to
change tack on Iran. Sources acknowledged that they “don’t expect a diplomatic breakthrough” during the visit.
u Abdolrahim Mousavi, Iran’s army
leader, has threatened to “annihilate”
Israel as tensions escalated between
the two countries. “Hands are on the
trigger and missiles are ready and will
be launched at any moment that the
enemy tries to carry out its sinister plot
against (our) lands,” Tasnim news
agency quoted him as saying.
Since the beginning of this year
Israel has expanded its involvement in
Syria, increasingly targeting Iran
directly, and is thought to be behind a
strike earlier this month, that killed
seven Iranian military advisers.
REUTERS/TONY GENTILE
French president will be
the first foreign leader to
be afforded a full state visit
by his US counterpart
Editorial Comment: Page 19
President tones down optimism over N Korea
By Rob Crilly
DONALD TRUMP last night moved to
dampen heightened expectations of a
rapid nuclear deal with North Korea,
saying the issue was far from over.
Excitement at the prospect of an end
to tensions with the rogue state has
risen ever since Mr Trump stunned the
world by accepting an invitation to
meet Kim Jong-un, the country’s
leader. On Saturday, Pyongyang announced it was suspending weapons
tests and closing its nuclear testing site.
“Wow, we haven’t given up anything
and they have agreed to denuclearisation (so great for world), site closure,
and no more testing,” was Mr Trump’s
immediate response.
But yesterday the American president sounded an uncharacteristic note
of caution on Twitter.
Mr Trump wrote: “We are a long way
from conclusion on North Korea,
maybe things will work out, and maybe
they won’t – only time will tell.”
In fact, Kim had not included a promise to rid his country of existing nuclear
weapons, and analysts remained doubtful he would give up the missiles he
believed guaranteed his regime’s survival.
Mr Trump’s comments reportedly
surprised White House officials, who
Boxing legend Jack Johnson
may get posthumous pardon
By Rob Crilly
DONALD TRUMP says he is considering a posthumous pardon for Jack
Johnson, more than 100 years after the
first black heavyweight boxing champion of the world was convicted of
transporting a white woman across
state lines.
The case – exposing America’s Jim
Crow [the historical enforcer of racial
segregation in the South] past – is a
cause célèbre among race activists and
boxing aficionados.
Now the intervention of Sylvester
Stallone, the Rocky actor, may have
won him an unlikely ally.
“Stallone called me with the story of
heavyweight boxing champion Jack
Johnson. His trials and tribulations
were great, his life complex and controversial,” said Mr Trump on Twitter
at the weekend.
“Others have looked at this over the
years, most thought it would be done,
but yes, I am considering a full pardon!”
Johnson’s 79-8 record of wins over
losses made him a fighting phenome-
non and one of the first black celebrity
athletes. Today, his name is mentioned
among the greats such as Muhammad
Ali and Joe Louis.
But when he was crowned heavyweight champion of the world in 1908
after defeating a string of white boxers,
his success brought him enemies as
well as adulation.
A lavish lifestyle and refusal to accept social norms – by dating outside
his race – fuelled criticism.
In 1913, he was convicted by a white
jury of violating the Mann Act, which
made it illegal to transport women
across state lines for “immoral purposes”. Sentenced to a year in prison,
he fled the country and lost his title after a bout in Cuba in 1915.
He died in 1946 and his story was
turned into The Great White Hope, a
film named after the appeal that went
out to find a challenger to defeat him
and starring James Earl Jones.
His supporters have always maintained the conviction was racially motivated but attempts to pass legislation to
secure a pardon have so far failed in
Congress.
‘We are a long way from
conclusion on North Korea,
maybe things will work out,
and maybe they won’t’
Trump: cautious
language on Twitter
had expected some kind of confidencebuilding words before the planned
summit. They expressed their scepticism to The Washington Post, suggesting Kim was offering modest pledges to
create the “illusion” that he was open
to negotiation but which could easily
be reversed.
Regional experts suggested Mr
Trump would do well to point out that
New year cheer
Thailand’s Mon
people celebrate
in Bangkok
during the
Songkran
parade, a part of
Songkran Water
Festival to mark
the Thai New
Year. Songkran
also marks the
end of the dry
season – April is
Thailand’s
hottest month
– and the
beginning of the
annual rains.
Many Thais visit
their local
temple to pray
and to wash their
Buddha icons.
North Korea was unlikely to give up its
weapons after spending decades developing a deterrent.
Nam Sung-wook, a professor of
North Korean Studies at Korea University in Seoul, said: “North Korea has a
long history of raising the issue of denuclearisation and has committed to
freeze its nuclear weapons programmes in the past.
“We all remember how those
pledges and commitments went down
over past decades.”
However, the current rapprochement still marks a stark change from
last year, when the two leaders
swapped insults and threatened war.
**
The Daily Telegraph Monday 23 April 2018
15
World news
Ground
control
Newly
ordained
priests lie
on the floor
as Pope
Francis
leads a
mass in St
Peter’s
Basilica at
the Vatican
yesterday.
The pontiff
ordained
the 16 men,
from
various
countries
around the
world, as
deacons.
Germany puts gold
on display as it brings
reserves back home
By Barbara Woolsey in Berlin
GERMANY’S central bank, the Bundesbank, has opened an exhibition of its
hefty gold reserves, after recalling half
of its bullion from foreign vaults.
Worth €117 billion (£103 billion) and
weighing in at 3,400 tons, Germany’s
stockpile is the world’s second-largest
after the US, and some of it is now on
display at the Money Museum at the
Deutsche Bundesbank in Frankfurt,
the country’s financial hub.
The exhibition is the first time the
public have had a chance to sneak a
peek of its mighty gold stash, and features gold ingots and historical coins,
including the longest-lived coin in the
world – the ducat – which was introduced in 1284 and is still being minted
to this day.
To keep its gold out of Soviet hands
in case of a possible invasion during the
Cold War, as well as for other historical
reasons, bars of the precious metal
were stored in the treasuries of central
banks in New York, London and Paris.
During that time, the West German
government shipped off 98 per cent of
its gold reserves.
In 2012, a secret report from the Federal Audit Office was made public, in
which bank officials were criticised for
not carrying out regular spot checks on
the stash. A year later, the Bundesbank
announced it would bring home half of
its 270,000 bars, citing a shift in geopolitical context.
Some analysts argued the real reason
for recalling the gold was mounting
public and political pressure, particularly in the context of the Eurozone
debt crisis, when gold was considered a
Gold bars at the
exhibition Gold
Treasures at the
Deutsche
Bundesbank at the
German Money
Museum in
Frankfurt
safe haven. The gold was repatriated
through a series of clandestine shipments from the US Federal Reserve, the
Bank of England and the Banque de
France. By the end of last year, half of
the reserve had been returned.
The entire reserve in France – 90
tons – was transported to Frankfurt,
while just over 1,200 tons remain in
New York and around 430 in London as
safeguards to buy foreign cash in case
of a currency crisis.
The bullion is now kept in a secret
location in the bank’s basement in
Frankfurt, guarded around the clock
by the German federal police.
Germany’s riches were earned after
the Second World War when exports
surged, resulting in large trade surpluses with other nations. These surpluses were converted into gold under
the Bretton Woods system.
The German affinity for gold is in part
a vestige of the hyperinflation which
rocked the Weimar Republic in the
Twenties. Germans are known for being conservative with money, steering
clear of taking on debt and preferring to
pay cash rather than using plastic.
Merkel critic is new party leader
of chancellor’s coalition partners
By Barbara Woolsey
A FORMER party rebel was elected as
the leader of Germany’s Social Democrats yesterday, presenting a further
challenge to Angela Merkel over the
European Union.
Andrea Nahles, 47, a career politician, became the SPD’s first female
head in its 155-year history.
She is tasked with spearheading a
rejuvenation of the party’s workingclass support base after it suffered embarrassing low results in the September
Sarkozy heads signatures on
French anti-Semitism manifesto
By Henry Samuel in Paris
NICOLAS SARKOZY, the former
French president, and Gérard Depardieu, the actor and star of Green Card,
were among 300 public figures who
signed a manifesto against the “quiet
ethnic cleansing” of Jews in France after a wave of murders.
In a declaration published in Le Parisien yesterday, the group from across
the political spectrum attacked what it
called a worrying “new anti-Semitism”
in France, driven by rising Islamist radicalism particularly in working-class
neighbourhoods.
It accused the media of remaining
silent and elements of parts of the Left
of seeking to justify such violence as
“the expression of social revolt” for political gain.
The manifesto came a week after
members of the Jewish community in
the UK lodged more than 1,000 official
complaints calling on Labour to investigate Jeremy Corbyn over anti-Semi-
tism. At around half a million, France
has Europe’s largest Jewish population.
The manifesto reads: “In our recent
history, 11 Jews have been assassinated
by radical Islamists because they were
Jewish. We demand that the fight
against this democratic failure that is
anti-Semitism becomes a national
cause before it’s too late. Before France
is no longer France.”
Signatories also included Charles
Aznavour, the veteran singer, and Bertrand Delanoë, former mayor of Paris.
Hero disarms semi-naked
man who killed four people
REUTERS/SOE ZEYA TUN
By Rob Crilly
POLICE yesterday praised the bravery
of a quick-thinking diner who snatched
an assault rifle from a near-naked gunman who shot dead four people at a restaurant in Nashville.
Officers said the death toll could
have been much worse were it not for
the actions of James Shaw.
Mr Shaw, 29, said he did not feel like
a hero but had just been trying to protect himself. “I was just trying to get
myself out. I saw the opportunity and
pretty much took it,” he told The Tennesseean newspaper.
Witnesses said the gunman, who
wore only a green jacket, opened fire
with an AR-15 style rifle in the car park
of the Waffle House restaurant, killing
two people. He then moved inside and
shot two more people.
Mr Shaw had arrived at the restaurant with friends at about 2.30am after
a fraternity house party. He said he had
tried to find refuge near the lavatories
after being grazed by a bullet but spotted his opportunity when the gunman
entered and needed to reload. “When
he came in, I distinctively remember
thinking that he is going to have to
work for this kill,” he said. “I had a
chance to stop him and thankfully I
stopped him.”
A witness told CNN: “Had that guy
Travis Reinking, who
police were searching
for in connection
with a fatal shooting
at the Waffle House
restaurant, Nashville
reloaded, there were plenty more people who probably could have not made
it home this morning.”
Police named the suspect as Travis
Reinking, 29, who was believed to live
near the restaurant. They said he may
have discarded his jacket before fleeing on foot and warned that he should
be considered extremely dangerous.
Nashville police identified those
killed as Taurean C. Sanderlin, 29; Joe
R. Perez, 20; Akilah Dasilva, 23; and
Deebony Groves, 21.
Andrea Nahles is
the first female
SPD leader
2017 election. Ms Nahles has also been
critical of Mrs Merkel’s position on
eurozone reform, accusing the German
chancellor of breaking the terms of her
CDU party’s coalition with the SPD.
Referring to the rebuilding of the
SPD, Ms Nahles told delegates at the
congress where the vote took place in
the western city of Wiesbaden: “We
will succeed ... that is my promise.”
If this is Mrs Merkel’s final term in
office, as expected, the new SPD leader
could be poised to make a future bid to
run Germany.
16
**
Monday 23 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
The ‘Oliver
Twist’ pupils at
risk of Islamist
recruiters
Dispatch
By Colin Freeman
in Maiduguri
A
t the Goni Habib madrassa
in the Nigerian city of
Maiduguri, the hardest
lesson takes place not in
the classroom, but out in
the streets. Every
morning, lunchtime and evening,
between gruelling hours of Koranic
rote-learning, each pupil puts down his
ancient quill pen, grabs a plastic bowl,
and puts on a pleading expression.
Then they head out to beg for their
keep – for an hour between lessons
after dawn, three hours late morning,
and two hours in the evening.
“The families who send their
children here are very poor and there
are too many for the school to feed
them,” said Ousman Habib, who has
more than 300 pupils aged five to 15 in
his care. “Begging is the only way.”
Part boarding school, part
Dickensian poor house, there are
thousands of madrassas like Mr
Habib’s all over northern Nigeria,
offering a rudimentary Islamic
education to millions of children who
would otherwise get no schooling at
all. Conditions, though, are as hard as
anything in Oliver Twist. The children
in Mr Habib’s care wear rags, not
uniforms, and sleep dozens to a room
in cell-like, earth-floored shacks.
The hours they spend begging for
their keep also put them within the
clutches of local Fagins – and in
northern Nigeria, that means more
than just pickpockets or robbers.
The madrassa beggars – known as
almajiri – have also become prime
recruitment targets for Boko Haram,
whose terror campaign has claimed
20,000 lives in the last decade.
Many of the group’s original
followers are thought to have been
almajiri students, including Abubakr
Shekau, the senior commander whose
kidnapping of the Chibok schoolgirls
in 2014 brought Boko Haram to world
attention. Mr Habib, 50, says his own
madrassa has never been targeted, but
others in the city have fallen under
radical control. “My own children I
keep a close eye on, but in some other
madrassas, it’s a different story”, he
said. “I have heard stories about Boko
Haram taking over madrassas
completely.”
Nigeria’s madrassas began as a
means of educating the Muslim poor,
for whom mainstream schooling was
either unaffordable or unwanted. As
with many madrassas in the Middle
LEKE ALABI-ISAMA FOR THE TELEGRAPH
World news
Ousman Habib, top
left, has 300
children aged five to
15 in his care at a
madrassa in
Maiduguri, northern
Nigeria. The school
teaches children the
Koran and has to
send them out to
beg for their survival
East and Asia, they focused almost
entirely on Koranic Arabic and
religious study, often with a hard-line,
anti-Western interpretation of Islam.
The practice of begging is part of a
tradition of alms-giving, designed to
foster public generosity to the pious.
But in modern times, the sheer
number of almajiri on the streets has
become unsustainable. According to
Nigerian government estimates, there
are anything up to nine million
almajiri in northern Nigeria, their
numbers growing as the insurgency
rages through the country. In many
cities, they are viewed as just another
tribe of troublesome street urchins.
Mr Habib, whose pupils include 20
children orphaned by the conflict, says
they face open hostility as they tour
Maiduguri with their begging bowls.
“People will shout at them or beat
them,” he said. “I have lost count of the
times my pupils have come home with
arms or legs badly hurt – they’ve even
been knocked unconscious.”
Street Child, a British charity
working with youngsters in north-east
Nigeria, said the number of child
beggars had reached crisis point.
‘I teach my
children that
if anyone
gives them
money to do
something
bad, they
should be
suspicious’
‘I have lost
count of the
times my
pupils have
come home
with arms or
legs badly
hurt – they’ve
even been
knocked
unconscious’
Suicide bomber kills
57 at Kabul centre
By Our Foreign Staff
A SUICIDE bomber killed at least 57
people, including women and children, and wounded 112 outside a voter
registration centre in Kabul yesterday.
The attack underscores growing
concerns about security in the lead-up
to Afghanistan’s legislative elections
scheduled for Oct 20, and seen as a testrun for next year’s presidential poll.
Both the health and interior ministries confirmed the latest toll for the attack, which was claimed by the the
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
(Isil) via Amaq, its propaganda arm.
“They are civilians, including
women and children,” said Najib Danish, interior ministry spokesman.
The centre, in a heavily Shia-populated neighbourhood in the west of the
city, was also being used by people to
register for national identification certificates, needed to sign up to vote.
Sheets of paper and passport-sized
photos lay scattered amid shattered
glass and pools of blood on the street
near badly damaged cars – grim evidence of the force of the blast that drew
international condemnation.
“This senseless violence shows the
cowardice and inhumanity of the enemies of democracy and peace in Afghanistan,” John Bass, the US
ambassador, wrote on Twitter. Nato
also condemned the bombing.
A witness to the attack told Tolo TV:
“Now we know the government cannot
A man cries beside a
girl injured in the
suicide attack that
targeted people in
Kabul registering to
vote
provide us security: we have to get
armed and protect ourselves.”
Elsewhere, a roadside explosion in
the northern province of Baghlan yesterday killed six people, including
three women and two children.
Ashraf Ghani, Afghanistan’s president, condemned both attacks as “heinous”.
Afghanistan began registering voters on April 14 for the long-delayed legislative elections. Over the next two
months, authorities hope to register up
to 14 million adults.
MP detained after hostile TV
interview with Armenian PM
By Helen Nianias
ARMENIAN police yesterday detained
an opposition MP after 10 days of antigovernment protests and accusations
of a power grab levied against Serzh
Sargsyan, the prime minister.
Nikol Pashinyan was picked up by
officers at a demonstration in Yerevan,
following a televised interview between him and Mr Sargsyan, which the
prime minister cut short.
Police said: “Despite repeated calls
to stop illegal rallies, Pashinyan continued leading a demonstration”.
It added that he and two other opposition politicians “were forcibly taken
from the site”.
The prosecutor general’s office said
that Mr Pashinyan and the other two
“were detained as they were committing socially dangerous acts”.
As an MP, Mr Pashinyan is protected
by parliamentary immunity and cannot
be arrested without the approval of
lawmakers. His whereabouts are
currently unclear. His detention came
on the 10th day of mass protests against
Mr Sargsyan, who became prime minister on April 17 after two five-year
terms as president. In 2015, Mr Sargsyan tabled a controversial reform
handing the main powers to the prime
minister, a move that opposition supporters consider a power grab.
Mr Pashinyan challenged Mr Sargsyan to a debate at a hotel in Yerevan
yesterday, during which the prime
minister said he was pleased the protest leader had “responded to my numerous appeals to negotiate”.
However, Mr Pashinyan replied that
there had been a misunderstanding,
and he only wanted to discuss the
terms of the leader’s resignation and
the “terms of a peaceful and smooth
transition of power”.
Mr Sargsyan, Armenia’s former head
of defence, stormed out of the interview, pointing out that Mr Pashinyan’s
party won only eight per cent of the
vote, and accused him of “blackmail”.
Megan Lees-McCowan, programme
head, said: “The risks are extremely
grave for these children; insurgent
groups in the conflict have resorted to
using children as young as six or seven
to carry out so-called ‘suicide’ attacks;
others are recruited into armed groups
or are sexually exploited.
“We’re working to support as many
of these children as possible to get off
the streets and into school.”
Supporters of the madrassa system
claim their link to Boko Haram is
overstated, pointing out that many of
the movement’s senior figures –
including the late Mohammed Yusuf,
who founded the sect in Maiduguri in
2002 – had a secular education.
But Mr Habib believes the potential
risks are obvious. For as little as 1,000
Naira (£2), he says, a Boko Haram
agent can bribe a child into acting as a
lookout or into planting a bomb.
“I teach my children that if anyone
gives them money to do something
bad, they should be suspicious,” he
said. “But it would be better if these
children weren’t on the streets at all. If
the government gave them
accommodation, I’d be much happier.”
u Two suicide bombers killed four
Muslim worshippers in a mosque in
Bama, 40 miles south-east of
Maiduguri, on Saturday. The town is
still being rebuilt after its virtual
destruction by Boko Haram in 2014.
WORLD BULLETIN
Journalist is shot dead
during live broadcast
A reporter was shot and killed while
broadcasting live on Facebook from an
area of Nicaragua rocked by protests
over pension reform.
The man, named as Angel Gahona,
was reporting from the town of
Bluefields on the country’s southern
Caribbean coast, when a shot rang out
and he fell to the ground, footage
showed. Mr Gahona was using his
phone to broadcast when he was hit. It
was not clear who fired the shot. More
than 20 people have died in the riots.
Israel denies Mossad
killed Hamas scientist
Israel’s defence minister has dismissed
claims that Israel assassinated a
Palestinian Hamas member and
scholar who was shot dead in Malaysia.
Avigdor Lieberman said it was more
likely that Saturday’s murder of Fadi
al-Batsh, 35, was part of “an internal
Palestinian dispute”. He also added
that al-Batsh, who was a scientist, was
a “rocket expert and no saint”.
The academic’s family had blamed
Mossad, Israel’s intelligence agency,
for orchestrating the assassination.
Korean Air chairman’s
daughters to step aside
Cho Yang-ho, the chairman of Korean
Air, has apologised for the behaviour
of his two daughters and said they
would immediately step down from
the company.
Cho Hyun-min, a senior vicepresident, is alleged to have thrown
water at a businessman while Heather
Cho was jailed for ordering a plane to
return to its gate in 2014 because she
was angry over the way she had been
served nuts in first class. She returned
to work for a hotel affiliate in March.
Last person born in the
19th century dies at 117
The world’s oldest person, a 117-yearold Japanese woman, has died.
Nabi Tajima died in hospital on
Saturday in the town of Kikai in
southern Japan, town official Susumu
Yoshiyuki confirmed. She had been in
hospital since January.
Tajima, born Aug 4 1900, was the
last known person born in the 19th
century. She reportedly had more than
160 descendants. She became the
world’s oldest person seven months
ago after the death of Violet Brown in
Jamaica, also at the age of 117.
The Daily Telegraph Monday 23 April 2018
***
17
18
***
Monday 23 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Comment
My good health
could be the
social death of me
at dinner parties
JANE SHILLING
I
think it was the great
Patrick Leigh Fermor
who coined the term “the
organ recital” for the dismal
conversation about failing
body parts that gradually
takes the place, at middleaged dinner parties, of those
ubiquitous brain-numbers
of earlier decades: house
prices, careers and children.
I first encountered the
organ recital a few years
ago, at supper with some
new acquaintances. They
had had distinguished
international careers, and
I was looking forward
to an evening of lively
conversation.
Conversation there was.
Lots of it. But instead of
a glittering exchange of
reminiscence about the
places where they had
spent their working lives,
they settled down for a
cosy chat about their aches
and pains. To the recitative
of creaky joints and
alarming digestive events
I had nothing to add: I was
reduced to silence by my
own dull good health.
You might think an
absence of conversationworthy symptoms a
blessing, but if a new
dining trend catches on,
a robust constitution
may mean social death.
The nutritionist and chef
Toral Shah has launched
the concept of a “health
optimisation party”. For a
starting price of £250 per
head, up to eight people can
gather to enjoy an individual
blood test, a “banquet-style
meal”, a talk on nutrition
and a 30-minute follow-up
phone call.
Is there time for table
talk, I wonder, between the
blood tests and the nutrition
advice? And if so, what
does one discuss at such
gatherings? I suppose, with
all that nutritional rectitude
on offer, the discourse
must revolve around food
intolerances – and here
a line from that kindliest
of wits, Sydney Smith,
comes to mind: “Madam,
I have been looking for a
person who disliked gravy
all my life; let us swear
eternal friendship.”

When the artist
Francis Bacon asked
his chum, Barry Joule,
to destroy one of two
versions of a portrait of the
banker and art collector
Gilbert de Botton, he made
himself perfectly clear.
Joule was to get rid of
the painting “on the left”
– which he duly did.
The only problem was,
his left wasn’t the same as
Bacon’s. “Any fool knows
left is left with your back to
it,” screamed the affronted
painter, on discovering
the expensive error.
You’d think that such
a straightforward binary
option would admit of
almost no ambiguity, but
it is amazing how much
hapless misunderstanding
can result from a simple
left-right confusion.
To this day, I cherish an
ineradicable memory of
my mother, navigating as
I drove on the motorway
towards Devon, saying
brightly, “Turn left back
there, darling!” while
pointing right with a
sublimely confident finger.

On holiday recently,
I was briskly
assaulted by a small bird (a
white-breasted waterhen,
as it turned out), which
seized a chocolate cake
from my astonished hand,
and carried it off into
the undergrowth, there
presumably to suffer
agonies of indigestion.
I returned home to
learn that the visiting
Commonwealth heads of
government had received
a security briefing about
the aggressive mallard
currently nesting in the
window box outside
the Cabinet room in
Downing Street.
In a world full of
danger and uncertainty,
there is something rather
touching about our human
willingness to defer to
the whims of assertive
waterfowl.
READ MORE at
telegraph.co.uk/opinion
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Staying in the customs union
would leave Britain a sitting duck
To be bound by EU
decisions, without having
any input, makes us
vulnerable to being abused
JULIET SAMUEL
MUEL
L
eaving the customs union
doesn’t sound like much
of a cause. After all, who
wants to die in a ditch
over beef tariffs or toy
safety regulations? But
appearances can be deceiving.
This week, the House of Commons
has a chance to overturn a major plank
of Government Brexit policy. The
chance has been handed to them by
the Lords, who indicated last week that
they want the Government to seek a
customs union with the EU.
Most voters have little idea what a
customs union is, but they probably
would have a view on these questions.
Now that we’re leaving, is it a good idea
to outsource most of our trade policy
to the EU? And is it consistent with the
referendum result? The answer to both
questions is surely no.
The best way to think of the customs
union is as a fence between the EU’s
common market in goods and the rest
of the world. The fence consists of
tariffs, quotas and goods regulations.
For all its many continuing flaws, and
for all our moaning, the design of the
fence has been heavily influenced by
Britain. As members of the EU, Britain
has inspired and pushed for important
measures such as the development
of a single market and the pursuit
of dozens of liberalising trade deals.
We have played an important role
in helping to design, maintain and
develop the fence, ensuring that it was
tolerably consistent with our national
interests. Brexit will see us give up that
role, meaning that it will inevitably
develop in ways we don’t like.
Despite the country’s clear decision
to give up a role in designing the fence,
the Lords, Labour and some Tory MPs
would have us remain inside it, as an
entirely passive member of the fence
club. Their worry is that leaving it will
raise costs for British consumers and
force a damaging restructuring upon
businesses whose supply chains will
suddenly become bisected by a new,
British fence.
Labour’s proposed alternative, in
which we leave the EU but maintain
a role in EU trade policy, will never
happen. So the serious argument is
about trade-offs. Is it worth giving
up all control over all regulations
and tariffs on goods in order to avoid
disrupting this piece of our EU trade?
“If, as I believe, we will have to
choose,” said one lord in a debate this
year, “we must surely place a greater
priority on being able to shape our
own future than on preserving the
status quo.” This lord was no diehard
Brexiteer but the committed Europhile
Lord Hill, who until 2016 was Britain’s
commissioner in Brussels.
Lord Hill is not alone. He is joined by
prominent Remainers such as Malcolm
Rifkind, the former foreign secretary,
and Lord Bridges, a Cameroon and
former minister who quit David Davis’s
Brexit department in despair at its
indecision. All of them have concluded
that it is untenable for Britain to hand
control over such a large area of trade
policy to a foreign power.
Many civil servants privately agree.
This is because our officials spend
much of their time using the rights and
powers granted by EU membership to
ward off repeated attacks on British
business by rival member states, who
seek to use Brussels regulation to give
their own companies an advantage.
Within the customs union but without
EU membership, Britain is a sitting
duck.
Imagine what this means in
practice. Each time the EU enters a
trade negotiation, it will have a rich
source of costless concessions on the
table. If South America demands that
Brussels give up certain protections
on geographically protected indicators
such as champagne, cheddar or
Scotch, without Britain at the table,
which ones do you think will be the
first to go? If the US wants Brussels
to sacrifice animal welfare standards
in return for some manufacturing
access that Germany craves, do you
think the EU will give it a second
thought without Britain at the table,
championing the cause?
Of course, Britain itself might be
forced into any of these concessions
during its own trade negotiations. But
in such a situation, we would be giving
them up for an advantage that relates
directly to our own economy, such as
better access for our services sectors.
The EU’s members, whose economies
are hugely different to our own, will
have their own interests in mind, not
ours. In such an environment, just
imagine the toxic political discourse
that will grow up around all trade and
European matters.
The customs union doesn’t include
services, so its advocates argue that
Britain would still retain some control
over trade policy. But without control
over goods, this is meaningless. The
deals Britain wants to do will involve
offering up access to our enormous
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Samuel on Twitter
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goods market in return for access
for our services exporters. Inside a
customs union, that is impossible.
The CBI and its allies also suggest
that leaving is simply too expensive.
This isn’t because of tariffs, which
both the EU and UK want to keep at
zero. It relates to customs paperwork:
the checks that ensure goods comply
with EU standards. Certain industries
like car and drug-makers, which rely
on the speedy shipment of goods back
and forth, will suffer a cost from the
introduction of new checks.
Quite how big an impact this will
have is unknown. What we do know is
that these cases are a minority. Normal
supply chains aren’t so time-sensitive
and, for most companies that already
trade internationally, one more
customs border won’t make much
difference, since they already file the
relevant information electronically.
Smaller companies that aren’t used to
dealing with customs will have to get
used to the administrative burden,
but once they’ve learnt how it works,
it should only be about as annoying as
a VAT return.
There is one powerful argument
against leaving the customs union: it
leaves us exposed to a world at risk of a
trade war. If, indeed, global trade falls
off a cliff in the next two years, it would
be wise to reconsider the timeline
on which we leave the shelter of the
EU trading bloc. But that is not an
argument for tying the Government’s
hands today.
Two years ago, Britain voted to
seize control of its governance. It
is impossible to square that with a
customs union. Leaving it might pose
some risk, but it is the risk voters
chose to take. Even for a Remainer
like me, turning Britain into a passive
participant in someone else’s trade
policy is hard to stomach.
A more open China helps the whole world
In the face of rising egoism
and protectionism, we
choose the path of peace
and fair globalisation
LIU XIAOMING
NG
L
ast week, President Xi delivered
a speech in Boao, China. The UK
media spent many words trying to
interpret its meaning. So what was its
message, and what are its implications
for China and the world?
My short answer is that the
President was expounding the
wisdom and example our country
can offer to a world still searching for
sustainable growth. He fortified China’s
commitment to globalisation, peace
and development – and explained
how its economic transformation has
contributed to those goals.
It has been years since the end of
the international financial crisis. Yet
the world is still riven by sluggish
growth, poor economic governance
and unbalanced development. By
reviewing 40 years of China’s economic
transformation, and its quest to give its
people a better life, President Xi shared
his insights on how to overcome these
structural difficulties.
In those decades, China has learnt
to never give in to hardship, always
blaze new trails, always keep pace with
progress and embrace the world with
open arms. These are the stepping
stones for China’s ascension to the
world’s second-largest economy and its
largest industrial producer. They have
enabled it to contribute over 30 per
cent of global growth in recent years
and become an anchor for the whole
world economy.
The President also outlined a
new round of practical and effective
measures aimed at further opening up
China’s markets. Against the anti-trade
headwind, these measures are a vote
in favour of globalisation and a call for
the international community to unite in
upholding free trade. Opening up has
been key to our economic growth, and
it will continue to be in future.
We will, for example, significantly
broaden market access, create a more
attractive investment environment,
strengthen protection of intellectual
property rights and expand imports.
These major initiatives, in the
President’s own words, are best
implemented “sooner rather than
later”, and “China will only open its
door wider to the world”. This is China’s
independent decision, necessitated
by its own development, and we have
every intention of making it real.
This commitment to globalisation
is all the more valuable today. In some
parts of the world we are seeing the
rise of protectionist and egoist policies,
where a belief in the “zero-sum game”
is fanning chaos and danger in the
international community. Still plagued
by wars and conflicts, by hunger and
poverty, the world has a major choice to
make. Should we stay open and move
forward or shut ourselves in and turn
back? This is the question of our times,
and our choice will have a bearing on
the direction of history.
President Xi proposed “China’s
solution” for peace and development.
This means seizing the trend of reform,
cooperation, openness, connectivity
and innovation to achieve happiness of
the people, rejuvenation of the nation
and common development of the world
– to build, in short, a community for a
shared future for all mankind.
It is important that countries in
the world respect each other, treat
each other as equals, and choose
consultation over confrontation and
READ MORE at
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opinion
partnership over alliance. We need to
promote dialogue, share responsibility
and uphold the international order
underpinned by the UN Charter. We
must make economic globalisation
more open, inclusive, balanced and
beneficial to all. We must draw strength
from each other, seek harmony without
uniformity, promote mutual learning
between different civilisations. And
we must follow a low-carbon path to
save our blue sky, green mountains and
clear water for future generations.
Success comes to those who answer
the call of their people and follow the
trend of their times. China has sounded
the trumpet of greater openness, and
drawn a map of how to get there. The
next stop is in November with China’s
first ever International Import Expo in
Shanghai. We are also hoping to launch
the Shanghai-London Stock Connect,
allowing traders in both countries to
buy on each other’s markets across time
zones. This eagerly anticipated scheme
will surely be of great mutual benefit.
With these positive steps, China
reaffirms its intention to join hands
with the UK and the world to share
growth opportunities, achieve common
development, and build a better future.
Liu Xiaoming is China’s ambassador to
the UK
***
The Daily Telegraph Monday 23 April 2018
19
Letters to the Editor
Britain should leave the Brexit talks if the EU refuses to be constructive Economy and state
SIR – The outright rejection by
unelected EU bureaucrats of Britain’s
proposals for the Northern Irish
border is sickening.
The feeling is exacerbated by
their suggestion that the only way to
achieve a frictionless border would be
for Britain to remain in the customs
union, even though the Prime Minister
has made it absolutely clear, on many
occasions, that this is not an option.
So entrenched is the EU in its
“project” that it is unable to consider
sensible suggestions to resolve the
issue. Furthermore, it simply isn’t
good enough for the EU just to reject
Britain’s proposals without putting
forward viable alternatives that would
not breach our red lines.
The time is fast approaching
for the Prime Minister to consider
walking away from the talks until
the EU regains a sense of realism and
fairness, and stops playing politics
with such a sensitive area of the
negotiations.
Michael Schultz
Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk
Can Macron win top
billing with Trump?
H
enry Kissinger, the former US
Secretary of State, reportedly once
asked: “Who do I call if I want to
speak to Europe?” As we now know,
for the current US administration
the answer is Emmanuel Macron.
The French president will today become the first
foreign leader accorded a state visit to Washington
since Donald Trump arrived in the White House.
He will address a joint session of Congress and
enjoy the rare honour of dining with the US
leader and his wife at George Washington’s
mansion, Mount Vernon.
Mr Trump appears eager to reciprocate for the
welcome he received in France last year when
he was invited to attend the official Bastille Day
celebrations in Paris, with all the pomp and
circumstance that entails, and to dine at the Eiffel
Tower. Personal relationships matter in diplomacy,
as in business, and especially so to Mr Trump, it
seems. He got on well enough with Theresa May
when she became the first overseas leader to visit
after his inauguration, and he was invited to the
UK last year. That trip was postponed because of
political hostility to the American president here,
which the French have sensibly risen above.
But this is more than just a goodwill visit or
the further advancement of President Macron’s
self-confident push to make France the leading
power in Europe. There are major issues to be
discussed, notably Iran and trade. On the former,
Mr Trump is threatening to pull the plug next
month on the deal brokered by Washington and
the EU to constrain Tehran’s nuclear ambitions,
which he had denounced during his presidential
campaign. Egged on by Israel and now by John
Bolton, his new National Security Adviser, the US
leader is heading for a clash that Mr Macron will
seek to avert, while sharing Mr Trump’s concerns
about Iran’s intentions in the region.
The French president has a favour to call in,
of course. After committing France to the recent
action against Syria, he claims to have persuaded
Mr Trump not to turn his back on the Middle East
at such a critical moment. Mr Macron is also acting
as Europe’s emissary to convince the American
government that imposing tariffs on EU goods as
part of a wider trade war with China would be bad
for both economic blocs. His skill in managing the
mercurial US president will determine whether
his number will still be in the White House phone
book at the end of the visit.
Parents first…
O
ur children are being mentally scarred by
their obsession with social media, according
to Jeremy Hunt, the Health Secretary. He
has given outlets such as Facebook and Google a
week to come up with a plan to deal with it or face
legislation, though to do what is not entirely clear.
They are required to show the steps they have
taken to cut underage use, prevent cyber-bullying
and encourage healthy screentime, and what
more they intend to do.
Mr Hunt said their failure to prevent young
children using social media was “unacceptable and
irresponsible” and that they were turning “a blind
eye to a whole generation of children being
exposed to the harmful emotional side-effects of
social media prematurely”.
Meanwhile, as we report today, the President of
the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health is
worried, as many are, about the obesity epidemic
among young people. His idea for dealing with it is
to ban all fast-food outlets within 400m of schools.
There is a pattern here. If young children
are being harmed by being on their phones or
computers, then the first line of defence is not the
Government but their parents. Similarly, children
buying junk food on their way to school can only
do so with money given to them by their parents
– unless they are old enough to have earned it
themselves. We know the difficulties parents have
in getting their offspring to eat well or ration their
social media use. Mr Hunt said parents were being
put in an “intolerable” position by the social media
giants. Arguably, fast-food outlets are doing the
same. But these are social and cultural problems
that it is easy to blame others for perpetuating,
when the solution is often in our own hands.
Hot runnings
W
ell done to the many thousands who
took part in the London marathon in the
unseasonably warm April weather. It was
the hottest running of the race since its inception
in 1981, which made the efforts of participants even
more commendable.
Our own Bryony Gordon was cooler than
many, since she ran in her underwear to promote
“body positivity” and to raise money for the mental
health charity Heads Together. Matthew Fearn, the
Telegraph’s picture editor, ran his first marathon
for Leukaemia Care in memory of Shawn Russell,
a colleague who died last year. Altogether, millions
of pounds will have been raised for the various
charities supported by runners, making this
arguably the world’s biggest annual fund-raising
event. Congratulations all round.
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@LettersDesk
SIR – I fail to understand why Britain
should have to produce a solution to
the border issue.
The Government should tell the
EU: we are happy not to have any
border checks. If you want to protect
the integrity of your customs area,
then you introduce whatever type
of border you want.
Charlie Goodall
Winchester, Hampshire
SIR – Even to the most determined
Brexiteer, it is surely obvious now
that a meaningful break from
Europe is not going to happen. The
Eurocrats are far more clever than our
politicians, who have been hamstrung
throughout the Brexit process by their
own inadequacies and a blatantly
pro-European civil service.
But the most guilty person remains
Theresa May, whose decision to go to
the country in 2017 dealt a fatal blow to
Brexit. Ever since, Brussels has known
that Mrs May will be unable to get
parliamentary consent to any outcome
that does not include our continuing
membership of the customs union.
I’m afraid it is game over and I really
fear the inevitable political and social
consequences of this debacle.
Alan Quinton
Eastbourne, East Sussex
Testing four-year-olds
SIR – In his letter (April 20) arguing
that tests for four-year-olds are good
because they help measure teachers’
abilities, Chris Sermon completely
misses the point.
The reason that many in the
education profession (such as myself)
are against such baseline testing is
precisely because a baseline produced
for any purpose at this age is most
likely to be invalid.
Children of four who have just
entered school often have so little
concept of what a test is that you
would be lucky if the majority of the
class realised that they were meant
to give a set answer to a question,
let alone get it right.
This is due to children of this age
being imaginative, creative, joyful
bundles of boundless energy. They are
not yet the test robots our education
system seems to desire. For this we
should be grateful.
Roland Johnson
Stowe, Buckinghamshire
Required reading
SIR – Adele Davies (Letters, April
20) asks what her reading group’s
100th book should be.
I would recommend The Diary
of a Nobody by George Grossmith.
With its shrewd observations on the
aspirations of ordinary people, it is as
pertinent today as it was in 1892.
Richard Davies
Cleobury Mortimer, Shropshire
SIR – To celebrate the 100th book last
year, our book club ventured into the
world of the graphic novel and chose
Maus by Art Spiegelman.
We loved it.
Caralyn Bird
Henham, Hertfordshire
Special ingredient
SIR – Judy Nicholson (Letters, April 21)
says one of her colleagues used to stir
his tea with an upside-down pencil.
Many years ago, while serving at
the Royal Naval Air Station Hal Far
in Malta, I was in the habit of having
a very long gin and tonic after a hot
game of tennis. I would give this a
good stir to reduce the fizz and make it
more drinkable. While doing this one
evening with the pencil used to sign
bar chits, the bar steward, a Maltese
petty officer, said: “I wouldn’t do that
if I were you, sir.”
“Oh,” I replied, “why not?”
“Well,” he said, “that is the pencil
I clean my ears with.”
Patrick Mountain
Somerton, Somerset
ALAMY
EsTABLisHED 1855
SIR – In the negotiations so far, we
have secured only one concession
from the EU – the right to negotiate
trade deals during our transition
period as a vassal state. Now, because
the EU has rejected a perfectly
workable solution for the Irish border,
we “may be forced to stay in the
customs union” for the long term.
This would leave us busily
negotiating trade deals for two years,
only to abandon them all and stay
in the customs union, with the EU
controlling our trade policy. Liam Fox
and his Department for International
Trade could all go home, having
wasted their time for four years.
This is an interesting new definition
of the term “transition”.
Ken Worthy
Esher, Surrey
Non-routine check-up: June Jago and Sid James in Carry On Doctor (1967)
Why patients are being left in their pyjamas
sir – You report (April 20) that
several hospitals are encouraging
patients to wear day clothes, rather
than pyjamas, in order to speed up
their recovery.
This is nothing new. When I
qualified as a physiotherapist
30 years ago, patients who were
not bed-bound were washed and
dressed daily. If they did not have
regular visits by friends or family,
their clothes would be washed in
the hospital laundry.
Sadly, times have changed. Most
elderly patients arrive at A&E
without toiletries or appropriate
footwear, never mind changes of
clothing, having been bundled
into ambulances by over-stretched
crews. Many have no family living
nearby who could take such items
to the hospital, or take them home
for washing. When relatives who do
live locally are asked to assist, many
complain that they are too busy
working or looking after children. It
is assumed the NHS will sort it out.
As long as nurses struggle to
perform all their other duties and
complete onerous paperwork, and
the public expects someone else
to carry the full burden of care,
patients will continue to sit around
in their pyjamas.
Kirsty Blunt
Sedgeford, Norfolk
sir – I have long thought it was the
NHS staff who wore pyjamas. Bring
back proper uniforms.
Michael Allisstone
Chichester, West Sussex
sir – Your leader (April 20) on the
subject of pyjamas being worn to
be admired brings to mind Bertie
Wooster’s heliotrope and old gold
striped jimjams.
David Salter
Richmond, Surrey
Don’t blame the Americans for round tables
SIR – Wynne Weston-Davies (Letters,
April 21) should not be too hasty in
blaming the Americans for round
tables. Has he never heard of King
Arthur?
Malcolm Allen
Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire
SIR – I was delighted by Mr WestonDavies’s case against round tables,
which surpasses even that of Anthony
Trollope’s Barchester Towers character,
Archdeacon Grantly.
When his father-in-law suggests
that the room intended as a dining-
room in the parsonage at St Ewold
“would do very well for a round table”,
the archdeacon nearly has a fit:
“ ‘A round table’, said he with some
heat, ‘is the most abominable article of
furniture that ever was invented.’ ”
The archdeacon thinks there is
“something democratic and parvenu
in a round table”, imagining that
“dissenters and calico-printers chiefly
used them, and perhaps a few literary
lions more conspicuous for their wit
than their gentility”.
Sara Broadbent
Folke, Dorset
SIR – Allister Heath’s attack on the
Government (Comment, April 19)
presupposes that the best economic
performance comes in countries
where the state plays little role in the
economy.
The US and Germany have
consistently outperformed the UK
economically for a century (leaving
aside post-wartime reconstruction).
Mr Heath deplores “intervening in
takeover battles”. Yet takeover barriers
have always been higher in America
and Germany.
Unregulated big business tends
to oligopoly. As Adam Smith put it:
“People of the same trade seldom meet
together… but the conversation ends
in a conspiracy against the public, or
in some contrivance to raise price.”
In America, powerful measures
started with the Sherman Act of
1890. In Germany, the restraints are
more complex and cultural, but are
rooted in a much lower proportion of
publicly listed ownership. In contrast,
Britain’s takeover regulations, watered
down still further by the EU, are
toothless.
In America and Germany, strategic
infrastructure, such as ports and
airports, is publicly owned, as in
Switzerland and Singapore, which
Mr Heath praises. Crucially, all these
countries have been much cannier
than us in getting the private sector
and public sector to work together.
For example, our embassies and trade
organisations are improving, against
tight resource constraints, but are still
behind their US and German peers
at helping to win exports. The latter
identify and back winners.
In 2008, electorates around the
developed world witnessed bankers
being bailed out by frightened
governments, while their victims
went bust, corroding confidence in
political and economic structures. This
Government is right to seek a more
partnered approach with industry,
and to move against oligopolistic – and
tax-avoiding – tendencies.
Sir Julian Brazier
Canterbury, Kent
Remembering Vichy
SIR – Keith Miller (Letters, April 18)
says people will be offended by the
cancellation of a war re-enactment
in which Levisham, North Yorkshire,
became an occupied French village.
In my experience, no one who lives
on the Channel Islands, or lived in
Vichy France, cares to celebrate this
period. It is important to teach about
it – but there are better ways of doing
so than by having people strutting
around dressed as Nazi Stormtroopers.
Here in Sussex, many primary schools
use the facilities of the Bluebell
Railway to act out the evacuation
story, and secondary schools take
students to visit the battlefields and
cemeteries of France and Belgium.
Gordon Dudman
East Grinstead, West Sussex
Earloom
SIR – I was interested to read of
Richard Wales’s £1,000 fine for trying
to sell a tiger’s head on Gumtree
(report, April 20).
In 1941, my mother bought an
elephant’s ear coffee table in a London
junk shop. This table crossed the
Atlantic six times with my father’s
various postings and remained part
of our family’s furniture until we
downsized in 2016.
There was no room for the table
in our new home, so I considered
selling it on eBay. But, overcome
by irrational sentiment, I burned it
instead, ensuring that somewhere in
the pachyderm afterlife Jumbo was
reunited with his missing ear.
Nigel Milliner
Truro, Cornwall
Women in power have a particular stubborn courage
CHARLES MOORE
OORE
NOTEBOOK
A
s Margaret Thatcher’s authorised
biographer (one more volume to
come…), I read a great deal about
her. I don’t think it is a coincidence
that the two books published since she
died from which I have learnt the most
about her are both by women.
Nor is it coincidental that they
are written by women of a different
generation from hers. Part of the
fascination of Mrs Thatcher is the
shock she brought to the system,
not only because she was the
first woman prime minister but
also because she was a fervently,
radically conservative one.
Millions of ordinary women
admired her greatly. But for
the intellectual, predominantly
Left-leaning women writers of
Mrs Thatcher’s generation, the shock
was too great to bear. If you believed
that it was feminism that would bring
women to power, how could you
cope with the fact that a declaredly
anti-feminist woman was the first
to get to the top, and to stay there
longer than any predecessor since
the 19th century?
Younger women, whatever their
views of Mrs Thatcher, are less likely
to feel this sense of personal affront.
They have more perspective. It is
easier for them to see that, whatever
she said, she was a sort of feminist,
and can only be understood not as
a pretend man, but as a very real
woman.
The first of these two books is
God & Mrs Thatcher by Eliza Filby,
published in 2015. As its title suggests,
it discusses the links between those
two omnipotent entities.
The second, just out, is People Like
Us by Caroline Slocock. Ms Slocock
was Mrs Thatcher’s first female
private secretary (a private secretary
being not a personal assistant but
a youngish, top-flight civil servant
in the minister’s private office).
Politically, she was not close to her
boss, and she later became the chief
executive of the Equal Opportunities
Commission. She was not “one of us”.
Yet, in another sense, she was: she was
a serious-minded, lower-middle-class,
hard-working, ambitious, reformist
woman in a man’s world. Hence
much of the interest of her book.

Thus, while criticising Mrs
Thatcher for not employing
more women and not believing that
women’s solidarity changes the world,
Caroline Slocock can also say that
“the No 10 I knew under Margaret
Thatcher was the most feminine
working environment I have ever
known”. When she interviewed
Caroline for her job, the prime
minister brought along a bowl of
hyacinths, because she thought she
would like them. Ms Slocock found
Mrs Thatcher “frightening” but,
sitting at the back of the Cabinet Room
at the famous meeting in which she
resigned, she found herself weeping.
By the end of that day, all the loo
paper in the Downing Street women’s
lavatories had gone because so many
female staff had come in to wipe
their tears.
This is more than just the story –
quite familiar in powerful people – of a
character who is much nicer in private
than in public. It is part of a bigger
narrative about a woman with a strong
domestic sense, but an even stronger
sense of mission. So her work was her
home and her staff were her family:
“It was the work… not the politics, that
was the centre of interest in her life.”
It was not joyless drudgery. It was a
labour of love.
Only a woman would have run
the country that way – minding so
desperately, taking on too much,
noticing both tiny things and big ones,
disrespecting hierarchy, and fighting
all the time because “there was only
one thing to do in the battle of the
sexes, and that was to win”. So when,
after winning so often, she finally
loses, there is true pathos.
The tale is illumined by nice
vignettes. Mrs Thatcher usually
stands on a footstool in No 10 to
make a speech, because she is only
5ft 4in. Failing to gouge money out
of the Treasury for a charity for
lone mothers, she writes it a cheque
for £1,000 herself. Her old science
professor, the Nobel Prize winner
Dorothy Hodgkin, comes to lunch at
No 10. She has bad arthritis, so Mrs
Thatcher cuts her meat up for her.

The book makes the reader think
about wider questions. Why is it
that the three most striking characters
in British public life in the past 50 years
– Margaret Thatcher, Diana, Princess
of Wales and the Queen – have been
women? Is it mere rarity value? Or is
because – though each is so different
from the others – there is something
about being female that touches reality
more closely?
The rage at present is for “diversity”,
but in practice this seems to mean
uniformity. The change-bringing
power of female leadership is being
neutered by a compliance culture,
where important but second-order
issues about maternity leave, equal
pay and flexible hours are exalted
over the content of the job itself.
Mrs Thatcher always argued that so
long as women defined themselves
by “women’s issues”, they would still
be marginalised.
One watches the struggles of our
present Prime Minister. Mrs May
comes under all sorts of strains that
a man would be spared – discussion
of her childlessness, her appearance,
her awkwardness. She suffers from
the lack (which Mrs Thatcher also
knew so well) of a club of chums
to fall back on in tricky times. But
against these handicaps, she has the
compensating female virtues that go
with the territory – a sense of duty
and a stubborn courage.
READ MORE at telegraph.co.uk/opinion
20
***
Monday 23 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Puzzles, mind games and Herculis
Win £50 and a Telegraph pen
HEALTH
FEATURES
The Daily Telegraph Monday 23 April 2018
***
21
Rachel Abbott
‘I stopped breathing
73 times an hour’
Page 23
INTERVIEW
GETTY IMAGES
Jessica Huie
‘I told Meghan what
it means to be mixed
race in Britain’
Page 25
MIND
HEALING
Linda Blair
Can you be addicted
to the internet?
Page 22
ARTS
Modern Bard
Shakespeare’s take
on the #MeToo
movement Page 27
The race to create
a superbug-killer
Scientists have made a breakthrough in the antibiotic resistance
battle – the urgency has never been greater, says Lois Rogers
B
ritish scientists
claim they have
beaten more than
a dozen rival
teams around the
world in the race
towards a new
synthetic
antibiotic. They
hope that the agent – an improved
version of a natural antibiotic called
teixobactin, discovered in soil by US
scientists in 2015 – will provide a new
treatment for resistant hospital
superbugs and a range of other
infections that are becoming
impervious to our battered medicine
cupboard of 20th-century antibiotics.
The group from the University of
Lincoln, the site of a new medical
school due to open in September, has
been collaborating with groups from
the University of Liverpool, as well as
academic researchers in the
Netherlands, Belgium and Singapore,
to achieve the advance.
Their data, just published in the
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry,
provides the first evidence using mice
that the treatment can knock out
methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus
aureus and vancomycin-resistant
enterococci, both of which appear on a
World Health Organization [WHO] list
of 12 “priority pathogens” – treatmentresistant families of bacteria that
represent the biggest threats to human
health. Their work is an advance, but
not yet a game-changer. Data from the
Philadelphia-based Pew Charitable
Trusts, which is tracking progress in
the superbug war, indicates there are
80 possible antibiotic drugs, vaccines
and other “non-traditional” candidate
products in development round the
world, which could save us from losing
the war against new generations of
killer infections.
The need has never been more
urgent. A recent global study from a
team at Johns Hopkins University in
Baltimore, Maryland, showed the
problem has been fuelled by an
astonishing 65 per cent increase in
antibiotic use between 2000 and 2015.
Current Government projections
indicate that, by the time today’s
primary schoolchildren reach
adulthood, deaths from infectious
illnesses will claim at least 10 million
lives a year worldwide and limb
Major threat:
scientists all over
the world are
working to create
new drugs to fight
the rising problem
of antibioticresistant bacteria
amputations to halt the spread of
infection will become commonplace
– unless we find new treatments.
“We are optimistic,” says Dr
Ishwar Singh, a specialist in novel
drug design and development, who
is leading the Lincoln project. “We
are the first people worldwide to
achieve this step.
“We have not only proved our
treatment kills the bacteria, but we
have also shown it reduces
inflammation at the same time.”
The results so far are only in mice,
but Dr Singh is in talks with three
pharmaceutical industry investors
and he hopes the product will go into
human trials within three years.
At the University of East Anglia in
Norwich, Professor Changjiang
Dong, an expert in molecular
medicine, is also forging ahead with
a different candidate weapon: a
treatment that blocks construction of
the two-layer cell walls protecting
virulent so-called Gram-negative
bacteria, which include resistant
strains of salmonella, E.coli and
legionella, all of which regularly
cause fatal outbreaks of disease.
Prof Dong is as upbeat as Dr
Singh. “We think we have found a
very good target for a new
treatment. I am very optimistic
about where this will lead,” he says.
Over in Leicester, Professor
Martha Clokie, another expert on
infectious diseases, is working on
phages – tightly targeted viruses that
attack disease-causing bacteria,
which could provide an answer to
the search for a new way of
destroying antibiotic-resistant
superbugs. She is similarly hopeful,
but, like the others, needs more
investment to develop her work.
Until now, the problem has been
bubbling away below the surface.
Official figures indicate that in the
UK about 5,000 people a year die
from illness that could previously be
treated by penicillin and its myriad
derivatives. Many authorities believe
the real figure is 10,000 deaths or
more, but it is still a number that
looks irrelevant compared with the
300,000-plus who die from cancer
and heart disease.
However, increasing numbers of
superbug survivors are coming
forward with accounts of the horrific
damage that may affect many more of
us. In February, Magdalena Malec, 31,
from Dunstable, Bedfordshire, told
how she lost a kidney, plus both legs,
her right arm and the fingers of her
left hand, from a superbug infection
during routine treatment to remove
an ectopic pregnancy. A few weeks
later, Ben May, a 25-year-old Oxford
graduate and keen athlete from
Haslemere, Surrey, described how he
narrowly escaped amputation but
suffered life-threatening illness and
eight operations after he contracted
a superbug following surgery for a
football injury.
Also last month, Dee Struthers,
from the Isle of Man – who set up a
charity after her 18-year-old
daughter, Ann, died in 2013 from a
superbug throat infection –
presented her local emergency
services with a lactate monitor, a
device to show when antibiotics are
not working. “Perhaps if Ann’s blood
had been tested with such a monitor,
we would be sharing a different story
today,” she said.
A further worrying development
was reported last month by Public
Health England, which revealed
doctors were battling with a new
treatment-resistant version of
Continued on page 23
***
Monday 23 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
�he �urgery
D O C T O R’ S D I A RY
MIND HEALING
The huge
benefits of
tailoring
exercise
Is internet
addiction
a problem?
Linda Blair
L
GETTY IMAGES
22
Worth a tai: practising the gentle movements of tai chi beat aerobic exercise in a study
James Le Fanu
hose who take
regular exercise live
longer than those
T
who do not – though
only a narrow
margin separates the
very from the moderately fit. The
least fit, however, do badly with a
three-fold increased risk of dying
before their time. Thus the standard
advice favours a regular daily dose
of aerobic exercise of sufficient
intensity to stress the capabilities
of the heart – the simplest being a
60-minute walk brisk enough to
increase the pulse rate.
This is, however, quite unrealistic
for many – those with arthritic
joints, chronic pain syndrome,
neurological disorders and so on.
Hence some alternative method of
maintaining fitness is called for – as
demonstrated unequivocally in a
recent study comparing the merits
of tai chi, the ancient Chinese
martial art, with aerobic exercise
in 200 people with the diffuse
muscular pains of fibromyalgia. The
tai chi, combining deep breathing
with slow and gentle movements,
proved much superior not just in
improving “physical functional
performance”, but promoting a
general sense of wellbeing.
This principle of tailoring the
form of exercise to the specific
needs of individuals applies, too,
to Parkinson’s, as described by
an acquaintance, the severity of
whose symptoms had warranted
the procedure of deep brain
stimulation – inserting electrodes
into the affected part of her brain.
This certainly helped her tremor
and immobility, but what has really
made a difference, she maintains,
are her twice-weekly Pilates classes.
“I feel much stronger, and
my balance has improved
enormously,” she says. “I could
not really control my arms and
had real problems swimming in
anything but a circle. Now I can do
a whole length of the swimming
pool in a straight line, backwards.
It is very good for morale.”
Pressure points
Blood pressure, as all know,
varies markedly depending on
the time of day and in response to
What has really
made a difference,
she maintains, are
her twice-weekly
Pilates classes
circumstances. Retired physician
Oscar Jolobe was not particularly
surprised that, when measured
by his family doctor soon after
he received a worrying call from
his solicitor, it was raised, at
154/78. None the less, he decided
on returning home to measure it
with a home monitor, four to five
times a day over the following
week: “All the systolic pressures
[the upper reading] were well
within the normal limits of 100130.”
Had he not measured it himself,
on the basis of that initial reading,
he would have been labelled
as having hypertension. The
anxiety-generating implications
of being at increased risk of stroke
can, it was reported in this paper
last week, push up the blood
pressure on its own account.
It is impossible to know how
often this might happen, but it
emphasises how blood pressure
must be measured correctly, a
time-consuming but necessary
rigmarole that entails the
following: the patient sitting at
rest in a chair for five minutes
prior to measurement; avoidance
of coffee, exercise and smoking
for 30 minutes beforehand;
removal of clothing under the
cuff; repeated measurements and
averaging of the results.
The failure to follow this
procedure, it is claimed, “occurs
commonly”, resulting in
over-diagnosis and unnecessary
treatment.
Cold comfort
The reader much troubled during
the winter months by recurrent
episodes of allergic rhinitis,
followed by the classic symptoms
of a head cold, has elicited several
similar accounts. The initial
symptoms, it is proposed, may be
related to the method of keeping
the house warm in winter, due,
for example, to sensitivity to
the dust thrown up in the air by
heat rising from the radiators.
A couple of readers report how,
serendipitously, since being
started on bone-strengthening
vitamin D supplements for
osteoporosis, they “have not had a
cold since”.
This could just be coincidence
– but an analysis of 11,000 people
last year found that vitamin D
“protected against upper
respiratory tract infections overall”.
The effect is certainly modest, but
it would seem worth a trial.
Email medical questions confidentially
to Dr James Le Fanu at drjames
@telegraph.co.uk
ast week, the pub
chain JD Wetherspoon
announced it was
quitting social media,
claiming its decision had
been influenced in part by
concerns regarding “the
addictive nature of social
media”. Is this real? And if
so, what, if anything, can be
done about it?
Internet addiction means
feeling you must be logged
on 24/7 and that you’re
unable to resist checking
your devices. It’s a problem
for many. A survey of more
than 11,000 adolescents in 11
countries across Europe, by
Tony Durkee and colleagues
at the Karolinska Institute,
categorised 4.4 per cent of
respondents as pathological
internet users (PIU).
Dr Katie Niemz and
colleagues at Nottingham
Trent University found an
even higher rate of PIU:
18.3 per cent. A survey of
5,000 students in England
by Digital Awareness UK
found 56 per cent felt “on
the edge of addiction”.
The effects of excessive
internet use are not yet
proven, but negative
associations are strong. In
the Digital Awareness UK
survey, 52 per cent said
their extensive use of social
media made them feel less
confident about their
appearance and their life
generally. Dr Niemz found
the PIUs in her study had
lower self-esteem. At work,
use of the internet for
personal reasons has been
linked to lower productivity.
A study by Nucleus
Research in Boston, US,
claims firms that allow
employees access to social
media in work time lose
about 1.5 per cent of
employee productivity. A
report by TeamLease in
Business Today put the loss
much higher, at 13 per cent.
But is it a true addiction?
The most recent update to
the Diagnostic and
Statistical Manual of Mental
Disorders fails to classify
internet overuse this way, as
the authors claim more
research is still needed.
None the less, if your
internet use feels out of
control, you’ll want help
now. The key to control lies
not in how often you use the
internet, but in recognising
why you do so.
If you seek the good
feeling it gives you because
of a connection with others,
your priority is to increase
the number of additional
activities that make you feel
satisfied and happy. Create a
schedule in which you
pursue at least one such
activity every day. Spending
real time with friends and
becoming more physically
active are particularly
helpful. If you use the
internet when you’re feeling
stressed, as an escape from
uncomfortable feelings, you
need to identify the triggers
that cause your discomfort
(for example, when you’re
asked to do too much at
work). Address the source of
the stress (talk to HR)
instead of avoiding it.
It will also help to learn to
wait before checking your
devices. Start small and
build slowly: even waiting
two minutes will start to
build self-control. Create a
daily schedule with times
when you’re allowed to
check. When you’re not
meant to be checking, turn
off your devices, or at least
turn off the sound.
Finally, keep written
notes of your internet use
and praise yourself every
day you feel in control.
Linda Blair is a clinical
psychologist and author of
Siblings: How to Handle Rivalry
and Create Lifelong Loving
Bonds. To order for £10.99,
call 0844 871 1514, or visit
books.telegraph.co.uk
***
The Daily Telegraph Monday 23 April 2018
23
HEALTH
‘I stopped breathing 73 times an hour’
Restless nights: it is not unusual
to stop breathing briefly when
sleeping. Rachel Abbott, below
left, now wears a mask at night
Author Rachel
Abbott tells Peter
Stanford how the
onset of snoring was
a sign of severe
midlife sleep apnoea
R
GETTY IMAGES; ANDREW CROWLEY
achel Abbott swears
she didn’t snore until
she reached her
50s. “Perhaps a little
bit, but suddenly it
was getting much
worse,” recalls the businesswoman
and bestselling crime writer. “My
three stepchildren thought it was
hysterical the amount of noise I
started making at night. It was so
deafening that my husband, John,
couldn’t get to sleep and so I often
ended up in the spare room.”
Abbott had always known she
had a problem with breathing when
asleep. “My mum used to say she
had to prod me when I was a baby
because I would stop breathing,”
recalls the 65-year-old, “but then she
also told me the doctors had told her
my teeth would go green and fall out,
and that hadn’t happened.”
She gives me a quick flash of a
perfect all-white smile to prove it.
We are meeting in a slightly hushed,
fancy central London hotel. Though
Abbott seems perfectly at home, the
backdrop jars slightly with the downto-earth, plain-speaking charm of this
Mancunian – though, in recent years,
she has relocated to Alderney in the
Channel Islands. “I love Manchester,”
she explains, “and go back there as
often as I can, but I just can’t stand the
weather. I needed a bit more warmth
and a bit less rain.”
It wasn’t only the snoring, though,
that was on Abbott’s mind. She
suspected she could have sleep
apnoea, which can cause snoring.
It is a condition where, in its
commonest form – obstructive sleep
apnoea, or OSA – the throat muscles
intermittently relax and block the
airway when we sleep, interrupting
breathing. Though it is more
common in men – who account for
twice as many cases as women – and
can increase the risk of high blood
pressure, strokes and heart attacks if
not treated, the condition often goes
undiagnosed.
The Sleep Apnoea Trust estimates
that there may be up to 3.9 million
sufferers in the UK, while recently
released data from NHS Digital shows
a steep rise in primary admissions for
sleep apnoea from 5,675 in 2012-13 to
7,557 in 2016-17. That increase has been
attributed to higher levels of obesity,
especially in the young, with the extra
‘You haven’t slept
for 10 years. I don’t
understand how you
are standing up’
body weight pressing down on the
airwaves when we lie down.
“My husband had been telling me
I would stop breathing while I was
asleep,” Abbott says. “He said he was
lying there waiting to see if I would
breathe again. And there had been a
couple of occasions when I had a cold
depress the immune system, such
as chemotherapy for cancer, could
become too dangerous to perform.”
The WHO also fears the lack
of commercial incentive for
pharmaceutical companies to develop
antibiotics. Last March, it published
a list of 12 “priority pathogens”,
including new treatment-resistant
versions of run-of-the-mill bugs
that routinely cause food poisoning,
stomach and chest infections.
“This list is a new tool to ensure
[drug] researchers and developers
respond to urgent public health
needs,” said WHO spokesman Dr
Marie-Paule Kieny. “Antibiotic
resistance is growing and we are fast
running out of treatment options. If
we leave it to market forces alone,
the new antibiotics we most
urgently need are not going to
be developed in time.”
And that is the
problem. “We want
to encourage
the
CONTINUED FROM PAGE 21
Different class: how the antibiotic
teixobactin (yellow) destroys bacteria
SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
gonorrhoea, the common sexually
transmitted infection that can cause
permanent infertility. The male
victim is believed to have survived,
but no details have been published.
Antibiotics work by destroying
the cell walls of disease-causing
bacteria, disrupting their repair
mechanisms, or preventing cell
multiplication. Existing treatments
are called broad-spectrum, meaning
they work against varieties of
different bacteria. Doctors have
prescribed them indiscriminately,
secure in the knowledge that
knocking out a variety of species at
the same time will probably include
the one causing the infection.
Although the treatment has
been liberally overused in the
UK, overuse has been worse in
the developing world. In addition,
countries that permit routine
use of antibiotics for
pre-emptive dosing of
intensively reared chickens,
pigs and cattle, to prevent
spread of infection in their
cramped and unhygienic
living conditions, has
only encouraged
the survival and
proliferation
of the deadliest
bacteria, whose
mutations have
made them resistant
to existing drugs.
“There’s no doubt
that the rate of antibiotic
resistance is accelerating,”
says Dr Nick Brown, a
Cambridge medical
microbiologist who directs
a global public awareness
campaign called Antibiotic Action.
“Attracting investment for new
antibiotics is difficult. Despite
the scale of a problem, which is
ranked alongside terrorism and
global warming as a major threat
to mankind, drug companies can
make much more money out
of treatments for heart disease
and cancer.”
In the past two years, however,
levels of anxiety among doctors
have been ratcheted up by new
warnings from the WHO, the US
Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention, and an influential
report commissioned by Dame
Sally Davies, Britain’s chief
medical officer, from Professor
Jim O’Neill, a global authority on
bacterial infection.
Prof O’Neill, whose report
concluded that 10 million
lives could be lost to superbug
infections by 2050, says: “Key
medical procedures such as gut
surgery, caesarean sections, joint
replacements and treatments that
development of new drugs that are
expensive to produce and we also
want to restrict their use,” says Lloyd
Czaplewski, an antibiotic investment
consultant. “We need to decouple
use from profit. It’s a bit like a fire
extinguisher: you pay a lot for it, but
hope you never have to use it.”
In addition to the search for new
antibiotics, other anti-superbug
treatments include short-acting
vaccines, targeted anti-bacterial
antibodies or agents to attack specific
bacterial properties; and probiotics –
“good” bacteria designed to crowd out
disease-causing bugs.
Meanwhile, phages – the viruses
capable of infecting and destroying
targeted disease-causing bacteria –
and had woken up in the middle of the
night, unable to get a breath, because
my throat felt as if it had collapsed.”
The first two doctors she asked
about sleep apnoea waved aside her
concerns. “Their reaction was, ‘Oh,
you don’t want to bother with that.
Everyone’s got a bit of it’.” Abbott took
them at their word and got on with life.
And she had plenty on her plate: first,
starting up and running a successful
software company, which she sold
in the early 2000s for a seven-figure
sum; then moving to Italy in 2005 with
John, her second husband, to renovate
a 15th-century Italian monastery they
had bought; and more recently, as that
rarest of literary beasts, a bestselling,
self-published author whose name isn’t
E L James.
Abbott’s seven “domestic noir”
page-turners, starting in 2011 with
Only the Innocent, and featuring her
enigmatic detective, Tom Douglas,
have been dramatically successful
for some people. Tom Patterson,
71, a professor of psychiatry at the
University of California in San Diego, is
one of the highest-profile beneficiaries
of the technique. He almost died
from septic shock after all known
antibiotics were ineffective against an
infection from a resistant bug called
acinetobacter baumannii, which he
contracted on holiday in Egypt two
years ago. It was only through his
medical contacts that he was able to
get a targeted bacteriophage from the
former Soviet republic of Georgia. “It
was quite simply, a miracle,” said Prof
Patterson, who had been expected to
die. “Within two days of receiving the
therapy, I was getting better.”
The phage technique was
developed behind the Iron Curtain
at a time when antibiotics were hard
to come by. Although it is now being
investigated as an alternative to
antibiotics, it is fearsomely expensive,
with each phage having to be tailored
to an individual patient.
A variety of international
collaborations have formed to
tackle the problem of funding for
unprofitable treatments designed
to be used as sparingly as possible.
The biggest investor has been
the European Union’s Innovative
Medicines Initiative (IMI) which since
2013 has been overseeing a
vast £620 million joint project
between industry, academia
and biotech companies.
The IMI collaboration is
also co-operating with
the Combating Antibiotic
Resistant Bacteria
Biopharmaceutical
Accelerator (CARB-X),
funded by the US
government and the
London-based Wellcome
Trust medical charity. It has
a £320 million commitment
to identify 20 potential new
antibiotics and get at least two of
them into human trials by 2021.
Alongside this is the WHO’s
£240 million Global Antibiotic
Research and Development
Partnership (GARDP), which is hoping
to produce new potent forms of four
existing antibiotics by 2023.
Despite these apparently vast
levels of investment, Mr Czaplewski
says getting a candidate treatment to
a stage where it may be considered
for next-level funding is still too
expensive for many ideas to get off
the ground.
“The charity sector is very underrepresented in this field and that
needs to change,” he says. “At the
moment, there is a cancer research
building on virtually every major
university campus. If we’re going to
make progress, we need attitudes to
change so people realise antibiotic
research is just as important.”
have now sold more than three million
copies worldwide, attracting interest
from TV producers in the UK and
France.
It was two and a half years ago,
when she checked into a smart health
clinic in Austria to try to lose weight,
that someone first took her sleep
apnoea seriously. At their insistence,
she asked her GP on Alderney
pecialist
to refer her to a specialist
sleep clinic. The result was
hey
a nasty shock. “They
told me that it is not
le to
unusual for people
iefly
stop breathing briefly
eping
when they are sleeping
es
for up to five times
g
an hour. Anything
more than that is sleep
mber
apnoea. If the number
n
goes over 30, then
you have severe
sleep apnoea.
I had been recorded in their tests as
stopping 73 times an hour, sometimes
for over a minute at a time.” She is
laughing as she tells me, but the
diagnosis must have alarmed her.
“Well, the specialist did say to me,
‘Basically, you haven’t slept for 10
years. I don’t understand how you are
standing up and walking aaround’.”
Part of the shock wa
was that she
bee aware of
had never really been
sle patterns.
her disturbed sleep
“What happen
happens,” she says,
“even though I didn’t know
t s at the time,
thi
tim is that
this
brea
you stop breathing
while
you are asleep and then
your brain say
says, ‘Hang on,
something is not right
here’. So it wakes
you up for a
fr
fraction
of
a second,
just long
enough for you to take a breath, and
then go back to sleep. You’re never
awake long enough to remember it.”
Once diagnosed, though, the cure
was simple, if challenging. She wears
a breathing mask in bed at night
that blows air at high pressure via
two tubes into her nostrils, splinting
open the airway.
“There are all sorts of different
ones, from full-face things to one
with a blue cloth that you put over
your nose and makes you look like
an elephant with a trunk. What I use
now is called a Wisp, and sits neatly
under the bottom of my nose.”
Getting an uninterrupted night’s
sleep has been, she says, “a complete
revelation”. But isn’t wearing a mask
uncomfortable? “I remember one of
the doctors saying to me, ‘You don’t
want to wear a mask in bed at night.
What’s your husband going to think?’
That may well be what puts so many
people off going to their doctor with
sleep apnoea.”
But not her? “You don’t have to
put the mask on until the lights
go out,” she replies pragmatically.
“You could even lie there until your
partner has gone to sleep to put it on.
It’s not the end of the world, is it?”
When she began writing, Abbott
says, she did her plotting at night,
while awake in bed. “I always used
to have a notepad next to me, and I’d
be regularly sitting up to write things
down. Now that never happens.”
A case of exhaustion leading
to creativity? Other writers have
reported that they can only produce
their best work when at full tilt, on
the edge of collapse. “Well, now you
mention it, my PA swears that now I
am sleeping more, I am much more
scatterbrained than before. I used
to be so focused. I don’t think my
exhausted brain could compute any
more than one thing at a time. Now I
am much more scattered.”
So might her fans detect the
impact of her sleeping properly for
the first time in a decade in the pages
of her books? “I’m not the best judge
of that,” she laughs. “I just have to do
it all during waking hours, and that
takes me a bit more time.”
Come a Little Closer by Rachel Abbott is
published in e-book and paperback by
Black Dot. For more details of National
Stop Snoring Week (April 23-27), go to
britishsnoring.co.uk
24
***
Monday 23 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
***
The Daily Telegraph Monday 23 April 2018
25
INTERVIEW
‘Meghan and
I discussed
being mixed
heritage’
W
hat is it like
being a young
woman of colour
walking in
through the
front door of the
British establishment? Meghan
Markle will find out on May 19 when
she marries Prince Harry in
St George’s Chapel, Windsor, but she
is unlikely to be sharing her
impressions publicly.
Jessica Huie, however, can shed
some light – for two reasons. First,
this successful businesswoman got to
know Markle in 2015 when, through
her PR agency, she accompanied the
then Suits actress on a trip to Malta to
walk in the footsteps of Markle’s
Maltese great-great-grandmother.
And secondly because 38-year-old
Huie knows what it is like to be
invited (by hand-written letter) by a
prime minister to walk through the
front door of 10 Downing Street.
Gordon Brown invited her there to
join a discussion group with other
entrepreneurs. The youngest
“expert” there, at 27, one of only two
women among the 10 invitees and
the only person of colour at the table,
she took her seat between Peter
Jones of Dragons’ Den and the boss of
GlaxoSmithKline.
But that was only after she had had
to hide in the Downing Street loo
because she had suffered what she
calls “massive impostor syndrome”.
“I just thought, ‘I don’t belong here.
What do I have to contribute?’”
We are sitting in a boutique hotel
overlooking the Thames near
Richmond, south-west London,
where she lives with her husband,
Kwame, and her two daughters. Huie
is all elegance, poise and ease. I can’t
imagine her feeling out of place
anywhere. She laughs: “You become
more confident as you get older, but it
was often background that got me –
things like where people spent their
weekends, when they talked about
going skiing, or what private school
they had been at. That was when I
would feel most lonely.”
We are here to talk about her new
self-help book, Purpose. She resists the
label “role model”, but regularly gives
motivational talks through various
charities, including Rocking Ur Teens
and Save The Children. Huie grew up
on a west London council estate, the
oldest child of a Jamaican father and
English mother. Her dad, part of the
Windrush generation, came over in
1952. “He arrived with such pride. He
was a bus driver, despite being a
qualified teacher in Jamaica – his
qualifications were never recognised
here. When I look now at the picture
of him in his uniform, I’m almost glad
he is no longer alive to witness what
has happened to others of his
generation. It hurts. The
acknowledgement and apology by
Theresa May is a first step, but let’s be
clear, it’s just a first step.”
It was, she says, a loving home, but
also one made “dysfunctional” by
struggles with addiction. She was
expelled from school at 15 and two
years later had a daughter, Monet. She
started raising her as a single mother
in a tower block: “I realise now it was
me trying to take control of my life,
but I didn’t have any of the resources
to enable that.”
Her message today is simple but
challenging: “We are more,” she
insists, “than our racial or ethnic
backgrounds. I was brought up in a
home where the word “character”
was used a lot. It was all about what
sort of person you were going to be.
And from what I know of Meghan,
she is a great woman who has already
used her life to be of service, and to
make a contribution.”
Their relationship began with them
talking by Skype and hitting it off.
“Meghan was over in London and we
had been involved in a charity event
for children caught up in wars.”
Then came the trip to Malta, which
was Huie’s suggestion, and all about
Markle connecting with her heritage,
as her great-great grandmother,
Mary, was born there in 1862.
“On that trip, we had those
conversations you have when two
ANDREW CROWLEY FOR THE TELEGRAPH. PHOTOGRAPHED AT THE BINGHAM HOTEL
Entrepreneur
Jessica Huie tells
Peter Stanford why
she feels positive
about being biracial
in Britain today
Color Blind Cards – a multi-racial
greetings card and gift company –
was born. Initially, it was a stand at
the Notting Hill Carnival, but quickly
grew into a company supplying
high-street stores, and exporting its
greetings cards all around the world.
Markle also made this point in her
Elle article when she wrote about
growing up wanting a Barbie doll set
of the ideal family, but they were
always either all white or all black.
Her father bought two, one white,
one black, and mixed them up to give
his daughter something that looked
like her family.
Does Huie think Markle will
continue speaking out on such issues
as a royal? “Well, her presence can’t
help but spark the conversation,” she
replies. “It already has. And some of
it will be expansive, and some will be
the opposite.”
Early in his relationship with
Meghan Markle, Prince Harry
publicly rebuked the press for the
“racial undertones” in their coverage
of the romance. And there have been
some awkward remarks since.
Commentator Rachel Johnson once
Jessica Huie, above, set up Color
Blind Cards after being frustrated
by a lack of ‘brown-skinned’
choice; she met Meghan Markle,
far right, on a trip to Malta
people are working closely together.
Inevitably, we talked a lot about what
it is like to be of mixed heritage.”
Shortly afterwards, Prince Harry’s
future bride wrote a piece for Elle
magazine under the title, “I am more
than an ‘other’ ”. It was about
constantly being asked to define her
ethnicity, and touched on the
discussions the two of them had had.
“To describe something as being black
and white means it is clearly defined,”
Markle wrote. “Yet when your
ethnicity is black and white, the
dichotomy is not that clear. In fact, it
creates a grey area. Being biracial
paints a blurred line that is equal parts
staggering and illuminating…
[By] sharing small vignettes of my
experiences as a biracial woman, today
I am choosing to be braver, to go a bit
deeper, and to share a much larger
picture of that with you.”
Huie can relate to a lot of what she
said. She remembers the head at her
school asking her mother: “How does
Jessica cope with being mixed race?”
And her mother took issue with the
word “cope”.
“When I was growing up,” she says,
“the only person I saw on TV who
looked like me, and had curly hair like
me, was Diana Ross.” That same
absence of recognisable faces was still
there when she was raising her own
daughter. This time, though, she could
do something about it and would soon
set up her own business to tackle one
aspect of the problem. By then she
had transformed her own life by
going back to college and then on to
university to study journalism,
which was followed by a stint as a
writer on Pride magazine and a move
into PR, representing A-listers such as
Mariah Carey, Samuel L Jackson and
Simon Cowell.
One lunchtime in 2006, she found
herself on London’s Oxford Street
looking for a birthday card for her
daughter, who was about to turn
seven. “Then, all she wanted was
straight, blonde hair. I was looking for
a card with a picture of a brownskinned princess, so I could write in it:
‘You are perfect as you are’.” She
couldn’t find one anywhere. And so
described the “rich and exotic” DNA
that Markle could bring to the
Windsor gene pool, and when on
Celebrity Big Brother, Ann
Widdecombe, the former
Conservative minister, said: “I think
she’s trouble […] background,
attitude. I worry.”
Huie, however, isn’t discouraged.
She is, she stresses, above all an
optimist. “We are in a time of
change.” Change for the better?
“Yes.” And that same robust positivity
is also the keynote to her book. There
was nothing “strategic” about her
decision to write it, she explains.
Indeed, if there was a decision, it
wasn’t her who took it.
It was 2016, and her father was
dying. She was caring for him in his
last days when she woke up one
morning at three o’clock feeling a
compulsion to write. “I just put my
heart on to the page. I felt as if the
book flowed from beyond me.
“I don’t want to hide any more.
The need to fit, and to belong, the
need for validation, have driven a lot
of my achievement, but I am ready
to leave that behind.”
Purpose: Find Your Truth and Embrace
Your Calling by Jessica Huie is published
by Hay House (£12.99). To order for
£10.99 plus p&p, call 0844 871 1514 or
visit books.telegraph.co.uk
Where do we stand on…
charcoal food
It’s official: black is
the new black. OK,
not black exactly, but
charcoal. Charcoal is
the new black, and
though it looks like it
might kill us, the
trend for charcoalcoloured food is
taking off
everywhere, from
trendy east London
to New York.
Meanwhile, those
who can’t put a
morsel in their mouth
without first posting
a picture to
Instagram have
delighted in snapping
photos of hazardouslooking charcoal
burger buns, toasties,
croissants, ice
creams and crackers.
Or they could be
biscuits. They’re too
dark to tell.
Now, we have been
led to believe by
various scientific
studies over the years
that eating black food
is bad for us. Burnt
toast, for instance, is
a big no-no and likely
to cause instant
death. So how, we
cry, can this
newfangled charcoal
food possibly be
good for us?
Well, it might not
be actively healthgiving (especially if
we’re talking about
ice cream), but
apparently it’s far less
toxic than it looks.
The goth-like hue
of the foods in
question is the result
d charcoal
of activated
oduct of
– the by-product
conut
burning coconut
d or
shells, wood
other plant
materials. This
ame
is not the same
process as
burning
something to a
cinder and then
eating it,
apparently. Be that as
it may, we can’t help
feelin just a little
feeling
turn off. Black
turned
pu
pudding
is one
th
thing
(and yes,
w know it’s
we
m
made
of pig’s
b
blood,
and no,
it
it still
doesn’t
bo
bother
us).
B we fail to
But
see w
what eating a
c
black croissant
could
possibly bring to our
lives. Don’t get us
wrong, we didn’t like
the trend for
rainbow-coloured
unicorn food, either:
too silly and too
faddish by far.
Let food look like
food, we say. It tastes
better that way.
Rosa Silverman
***
Monday 23 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Charles Saatchi’s
Great masterpieces
Comment telegraph.co.uk/opinion
Our columnist takes a peek behind some of the world’s most significant paintings. This week, The Virgin and Child with Chancellor Rolin by Jan Van Eyck
A project
of the most
blatant vanity
an Van Eyck is
often credited
as the inventor
J
of oil painting.
Yet although he
is certainly the
first artist who fully mastered
the technique, in fact oils had
been used in Indian and Chinese
paintings as far back as the fifth
century.
Nevertheless, the many
who have admired Van Eyck’s
extraordinary The Arnolfini
Portrait (1434), at the National
Gallery, will appreciate that he
truly was a visionary. This small
painting is not only sublimely
beautiful, it is so rich with puzzling
detail and metaphor that it has
transfixed artists since it was
completed. Van Eyck even signed
the painting unconventionally: an
inscription on the wall above the
convex mirror in the background,
“Jan Van Eyck was here 1434”.
There is no certainty about the
date of birth of the Flemish artist,
which is estimated at between
1390-1395. And almost nothing
definitive has been recorded about
his early life. We know he became
court painter to Philip the Good,
Duke of Burgundy, in 1425, and
was paid a yearly stipend – unusual
at the time, when artists relied on
earning money from commissions.
His salary repeatedly doubled as
his value to the Duke grew.
In addition to making paintings,
he also acted as a personal
ambassador for his master in
trying to secure him a suitable
bride, travelling first to the Iberian
Peninsula to sound out Princess
Isabella of Spain and, more
successfully, to kindle the interest
of Princess Isabella of Portugal.
While working for the Duke,
in 1435 he was asked by the
royal chancellor, Nicolas Rolin,
to provide a grand painting to
decorate his own chapel in the
Notre Dame Church in Autun,
The Virgin and
Child with
Chancellor Rolin
was commissioned
by Nicolas Rolin to
decorate his own
chapel
In
brocade
and mink
furs,
Rolin is
seen
kneeling
before
the infant
Jesus
since destroyed. Despite his
modest family background,
Rolin’s reputation as a lawyer had
led to his advancement to court
dignitary. Unsurprisingly, he
wished to make his great standing
abundantly clear, which resulted
in one of the most blatant vanity
projects of all time: a portrait of
himself with the Virgin and Child.
Dressed in brocade and mink
furs, Rolin is seen kneeling before
a velvet-covered prayer desk, as
the infant Jesus, holding a small
globe as a symbol of Christ’s
CORBIS VIA GETTY IMAGES
26
power over creation, blesses him.
Mary is seated on a throne holding
the young child, while angels
carry an imposing jewelled crown
to her head.
The composition opens up
through a triple archway with
Roman columns, to reveal a
bucolic landscape and formal
gardens with a basilica. The three
protagonists create a sculptural
presence, enabling the artist
to demonstrate his skill with
composition and, in the room’s
architecture and ornamental
tiling, his grasp of perspective.
In the painting, Van Eyck
employs symbolism to represent
scenes from the Old and New
Testaments, and Christ’s transition
between the two. Reliefs depicting
the Seven Deadly Sins can be seen
above Rolin’s head.
Besides betraying a desire for
self-aggrandisement that would
have given Citizen Kane pause,
Rolin was an enlightened patron to
a number of artists. Importantly,
he supported the Netherlandish
painter Rogier Van der Weyden
(1400-1464) in creating the Beaune
Altarpiece, his outstanding
polyptych of the Last Judgement,
for a hospital in Beaune, France.
Along with Robert Campin
(c1378-1444), Van Eyck was the
leading representative of painting
in oils, which were soon to become
widespread as artists discovered
that it allowed light and detail to be
captured with greater brilliance.
The Duke allowed him to take
on other commissions, foremost
of which is the magnificent Ghent
Altarpiece (1432). Comprising
12 wooden panels that open to
reveal exquisitely painted biblical
depictions, it is one of the highest
pinnacles of Christian art.
It has had a turbulent history,
surviving riots and revolutions,
and was looted by the Nazis. It
was discovered, after the war,
hidden in a salt mine alongside
other stolen treasures, and was
painstakingly restored. It has
also been the subject of much
scrutiny over the years, because
the inscription on it reads
“Hubert van Eyck major quonemo
reportus” – greater than anyone.
Hubert was Jan’s brother, who
reportedly started the work, with
Jan finishing it and signing “arte
secundus” – second best in art.
However, experts maintain that
these signatures were a fiction,
invented by Ghent humanists in
the 16th century, and that Hubert
was responsible only for the
work’s sculptural framework.
Commentators have also
debated which of the surviving
Van Eyck paintings is the most
perfect example of his powers
– The Arnolfini Portrait, with its
intricate detail and symbolism;
the breathtaking majesty of
the Ghent Altarpiece, or the
electrifyingly beautiful Virgin
and Child with Chancellor Rodin.
It seems of little consequence
which is the finer, and Britain is
fortunate to have The Arnolfini
Portrait on display in the capital,
alongside Van Eyck’s delightful
Portrait of a Man from 1433.
Van Eyck achieved his precise
finish by painting layer after layer
of thin veils of oil, which also
allowed for his manipulation of
perspective and indirect lighting.
He clearly used a very fine
brush, and experts agree that, on
occasion, he worked with a single
hair. His attention to detail, and his
devotion to reproducing exactly his
sitters’s garments and their setting,
was revolutionary. Certainly, it
inspired much of the art produced
in later years.
Even in the 19th century,
Van Eyck’s works remained the
benchmark against which all
painting was to be judged. It is
probably the case that, without
the advances he made in oil
painting, the work of early giants
like Piero della Francesca, Andrea
Mantegna, and Sandro Botticelli
may have been diminished, as well
as the highest achievements of the
masters of the High Renaissance,
Raphael and da Vinci.
© Charles Saatchi
***
The Daily Telegraph Monday 23 April 2018
27
Arts
Possibly the strangest
birthday guest list ever
Gala concert
The Queen’s
Birthday Party
Royal Albert Hall
JOHN LAWRENCE FOR THE TELEGRAPH; REX/SHUTTERSTOCK
★★★★★
By Neil McCormick
I
From #MeToo to multiculturalism, Shakespeare wrote it first,
says Ben Lawrence, on what would have been his 454th birthday
S
hakespeare was born
454 years ago today
but speaks so clearly
to the world we live in
that you could almost
call him our most
modern playwright.
The way King Lear
bleakly depicts a nation
fracturing along internal divisions?
It feels a mirror image of 21st century
Britain. A furious adolescent battle
against a corrupt adult world in
Hamlet? It seems to directly reflect the
mood of today’s politicised grassroots
youth movements as they wrestle
against an established political order.
Last Thursday, to mark
Shakespeare’s birthday, Gregory
Doran, the Royal Shakespeare
Company’s artistic director, Tracy
Chevalier, the novelist, and Iqbal
Khan, the director, met at The Other
Place in Straford-upon-Avon to discuss
just why it is that we can see our world
depicted so cogently in Shakespeare.
Recorded as a special podcast in our
Much Ado About Shakespeare series,
and available to listen to from today,
the conversation ranged across social
disorder in Antony and Cleopatra and
African politics in Julius Caesar. First
Much Ado About
Shakespeare: from
left, Ben Lawrence,
Tracy Chevalier,
Gregory Doran
and Iqbal Khan
off, though, was gender politics. For
Doran, Measure to Measure is the play
for today’s #MeToo movement. “A
woman, Isabella, is compromised by
a man in power and, basically, Angelo
says: ‘Have sex with me or I will
execute your brother.’ She threatens
to expose him, at which point he says:
‘My false will outlive your true.’ She is
left alone reeling from this encounter:
‘To whom should I complain? Did I
tell this, who would believe me?’ That
could be the sort of strapline for the
#MeToo movement. It is astonishing
how relevant that play has become.”
Chevalier was equally exercised
by Shakespeare’s handling of race.
Her most recent novel, New Boy,
transposes Othello to an elementary
school in Washington DC in the
Seventies. “Race is such a potent issue
in the States right now,” she said. She
used the framework of Shakespeare’s
play to find parallels between race
relations today and those from a few
decades previously. “You start making
connections. You start thinking about
the Black Lives Matter movement.”
Khan has directed Othello for the
RSC. Intrigued by the possibilities in
the play to explore how race becomes
complicated in a multi-ethnic society,
A wizard arrives on Broadway
Broadway
Harry Potter and
the Cursed Child
Lyric Theatre, New York
★★★★★
By Diane Snyder
N
ot all theatrical extravaganzas
transfer from London to
New York, or vice versa, with
winning results. But Harry Potter
and the Cursed Child, the two-part,
five-hour behemoth that became a
blockbuster in London in 2016, is
now working its incandescent magic
on American audiences.
In New York, where the play
opened last night, theatregoers were
audibly wowed – cheering, gasping
and shrieking as stunning feats of
“how-did-they-do-that” theatrical
magic unfolded before their eyes.
Courtesy of Britain’s Ambassador
Theatre Group, the production has
received the finest of facelifts for its
Magic touch: Jamie Parker (left), Sam
Clemmett and Poppy Miller on Broadway
new attraction. Golds, blues and reds
dominate the colour scheme, while
Hogwarts “H’s” adorn doors, and
carpets and lighting fixtures feature
dragons and phoenixes.
Producers have brought over the
seven principals from the original
West End cast as part of the 40-person
company, even though they aren’t
marquee names. They include Noma
Dumezweni as the ever-loyal and
resourceful Hermione Granger,
Paul Thornley as her husband, Ron
Weasley, and Poppy Miller as Harry’s
wife, Ginny.
As the adult Harry, Jamie Parker
finds reservoirs of depth in a man still
suffering post-traumatic stress from
events of 19 years ago and dealing
with a son, Albus (Sam Clemmett),
who seems out of reach and haunted
by the difficulty of living in a parent’s
shadow. Meanwhile, newcomer
Anthony Boyle is a hoot as geeky
but lovable Scorpius Malfoy, offspring
of Harry’s nemesis, Draco (Alex Price).
Harry Potter and the Cursed Child
has already broken records. It’s the
most expensive non-musical show
ever staged on Broadway. And it’s
already the highest-grossing Broadway
play of all time, netting $2,138,859
during the first week of April. Harry
Potter and the Cursed Child looks like
it will be maintaining a permanent
Broadway residence for some time.
Booking until May 12 2019. Tickets:
harrypottertheplay.com
Over-scored concerto from young musicians
Classical
BBC Philharmonic
Bridgewater Hall, Manchester
★★★★★
By David Fanning
I
n his role as the BBC Philharmonic’s
composer in association, Mark
Simpson has kicked off with a
frantically energetic three-movement
Cello Concerto for his friend and
one-time fellow BBC Radio 3
New Generation Artist, Leonard
Elschenbroich.
The piece starts with eruptive,
lavishly-scored orchestral ascents
and high-flying, passionate cello
responses, heroically delivered by
Elschenbroich, none of which would
be out of place in a Hollywood filmscore. It continues with rhythmical
pulsations underpinned by bongos
and congas and punctuated by
Stravinskian chordal shards. Rich
harmonic substrata come to the
surface especially in the later
stages. As a seasoned, high-level
performer himself – a BBC Young
Musician winner as a clarinettist in
2006 – Simpson strives for ecstatic
communication, on the way relishing
rhetoric, and on occasion deliberately
courting catastrophe.
Nothing wrong with any of that.
The main problem is that the concerto
is wildly over-scored. Much of the
doubling and pretty much the entire
orchestral piano part could be red-
penned, along with a good deal of the
solo writing. As it stands, the general
sound and fury signify a good less
than they might, while the promised
tutti interludes are too short and
too undifferentiated to make much
impact. Even the central, initially
slow movement soon suffers from
hyperactivity.
Conductor Clemens Schuldt is
only a few years older than Simpson,
and he too is an enthusiastic
communicator with a lot to learn.
The inadvertent theme was turning
out to be young musicians who should
know better (not counting the wholly
innocent Elschenbroich). Except that
when he composed his First Symphony,
the teenage Shostakovich was younger
and did know better. This performance,
then, enjoyed mixed fortunes.
Follow me, then: Paterson Joseph as
Brutus in Gregory Doran’s Julius Caesar
for his 2015 production he cast a black
actor, Lucian Msamati, as Iago. “Iago
incites racial hatred but that is only one
of the things that he does,” he said. “I
wanted to challenge this idea that he is
a proto Nazi… To cast an actor who is
darker skinned than Othello allowed
us to tell the story of what experiences
these two black men had in society;
how Othello is embraced as a superstar
and the other [Iago] has a more
proletarian experience. In the scene
where Cassio gets drunk, we were able
to show submerged racial attitudes and
the way people broke into tribes.”
Khan’s take won rave reviews. And
Doran was able to find a way to make
his 2012 all-black production of Julius
Caesar talk to the many complexities
of life in modern Africa. With its
preoccupation with democratic
systems, Julius Caesar has been
revived several times in recent months,
including a modern-dress production
directed by Nicholas Hytner in London.
Yet Doran also strikes a contrary note,
warning against trying to force too
many 21st-century parallels: “You have
seen those productions of Julius Caesar
that have been in Western modern
dress, and it does sometimes seem like
it’s about knocking off a particularly
truculent chairman of the board. It
loses a kind of mythic resonance, the
sense that you have with Caesar that
this man is going to die, but also that
the state is going to topple as a result.”
Such is the beauty of directing
Shakespeare in the 21st century. It’s an
ever-evolving conversation between
the play and its audience, and that is
why the debate will continue to rage.
The Telegraph Much Ado About
Shakespeare podcast series is in
partnership with the Royal Shakespeare
Company. To listen to the full debate,
and to previous podcasts, visit telegraph.
co.uk/william-shakespeare or rsc.org.uk
or subscribe at Apple podcasts
AFP/GETTY IMAGES
Is the Bard 2018’s
greatest playwright?
n all my decades as a rock critic,
this may just qualify as the
strangest climax to a concert I
have ever witnessed. Amid balloons
and fireworks, the Queen and Prince
of Wales joined Sting, Shaggy, Kylie,
Tom Jones, Craig David and a choir
featuring comedian Harry Hill and
former Labour MP Ed Balls onstage at
the Royal Albert Hall to be serenaded
with a burst of Happy Birthday.
When it was decided to throw a
party for the Queen’s 92nd birthday,
I am not convinced anyone actually
considered asking her what kind of
entertainment she might like. While
I can’t claim to know what the Queen
listens to for personal pleasure, I’m
pretty sure it’s not Sting and Shaggy.
Or, for that matter, almost anyone
else on the bill. I would have liked to
have binoculars to inspect the royal
expression when Jamaican pop star
Shaggy – aka Mr Bombastic – went
walkabout in the crowd, toasting the
occasion with his lusty dance hall
patois. Although I think the Queen’s
mastery of the poker face is fairly
well established by now.
At least Her Majesty’s loyal subjects
in the audience did not have to endure
any act on this very mixed bill for too
long. This was essentially an excuse
to revive the royal variety show and it
moved along at a fast lick, operating
a “one song and you’re off ” policy.
A few of the more mercenary stars
seized the occasion to plug their new
singles on primetime BBC (hang your
head, Kylie) but most entered into the
spirit of the occasion.
The biggest screams of the night
were not for Prince Harry and Meghan
but for Canadian teen idol Shawn
Mendes, looking very dapper in a grey
suit and playing a black guitar. British
pop starlet Anne Marie, on the other
hand, looked like she thought she
was attending a Smash Hits pyjama
party. Occasionally I could see Prince
William lean over and whisper in
his grandmother’s ear, possibly to
explain what she was witnessing –
or perhaps to apologise on behalf of
his generation.
But some curatorial attempt had
evidently been made to span musical
decades and play the guest of honour
some songs she might actually be
familiar with. Jamie Cullum made an
impression with a swinging version
of I Get a Kick Out of You, in which
he kicked over his stool, picked it
up and waved it at the royal box.
Laura Mvula followed on piano with
a steamy version of Nina Simone’s
I Put a Spell on You, with some ripe
horns and velvet strings from the
BBC Concert Orchestra. Operatic
baritone Alfie Boe’s lusty swing
medley was better received than it
really deserved to be. But when Craig
David tried to get a singalong going,
the multi-generational audience
proved reluctant to unite in homage
to the hits of Noughties garage
two step.
It wasn’t all Western pop music.
The Indian drummers of the Dohl
Foundation achieved the rare feat
of drowning out Tom Jones on a
genuinely unusual version of It’s Not
Unusual. The Welsh belter fared
better with South African choral group
Ladysmith Black Mambazo on The
Green Green Grass of Home.
It has to be said, though, that the
sound at the Royal Albert Hall wasn’t
all that impressive, with vocals mixed
low and often drowned in echo. I
suspect the considerations of the live
audience, even including the Royal
family, played second fiddle to the
technical demands of a TV broadcast.
The oddest performance of the
night came when Ed Balls and Harry
Hill joined comic Frank Skinner and
the massed banjos of the George
Formby Society. But it was Shaggy
who really got the crowd going,
throwing himself into the stalls while
apparently ageless superstar Sting
led the band in a medley of hits. The
unlikely duo might just have stolen
the show, if they hadn’t been fittingly
upstaged in the surreal finale by the
weirdly serene onstage appearance
of Her Majesty herself.
Surprise guest: an onstage appearance by the Queen provided the finale to the night
Entertainments
Theatres
HER MAJESTY'S 020 7087 7762
THE BRILLIANT ORIGINAL
THE PHANTOM OF THE OPERA
Mon-Sat 7.30, Thu & Sat 2.30
www.ThePhantomOfTheOpera.com
Oscar Wilde’s
AN IDEAL HUSBAND
Vaudeville Theatre
Tue-Sat 19.30 | Tue, Thu & Sat 14.30
Extra Tuesday Matinees
Advance Senior Rate available
0330 333 4814
ST MARTIN'S 020 7836 1443
66th year of Agatha Christie's
THE MOUSETRAP
Mon-Sat 7:30pm, Mats Tues & Thurs 3 & Sat 4
www.the-mousetrap.co.uk
“Captivating” TIME OUT
**** FINANCIAL TIMES
QUEEN'S 0844 482 5160
THE MUSICAL PHENOMENON
LES MISERABLÉS
Eves 7.30, Mats Wed & Sat 2.30
www.LesMis.com
Sheila Hancock
Bill Milner
HAROLD AND MAUDE
By Colin Higgins
Directed by Thom Southerland
CharingCrossTheatre.co.uk
08444-930650
28
***
Monday 23 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Court & Social
Court
Circular
Countess of Wessex, The Princess
Royal and Vice Admiral Sir
Tim Laurence, The Duke and
Duchess of Gloucester, The Duke
and Duchess of Kent, Princess
Alexandra, the Hon. Lady Ogilvy,
Princess Michael of Kent and
other Members of the Royal
Family also attended.
WINDSOR CASTLE
April 21st
Today is the 92nd Anniversary of
the Birthday of The Queen.
Her Majesty this evening
attended a Birthday Concert at the
Royal Albert Hall, London SW7,
and was received by Her Majesty’s
Lord-Lieutenant of Greater
London (Sir Kenneth Olisa).
The Prince of Wales and
The Duchess of Cornwall, The
Duke of Cambridge, Prince
Henry of Wales, The Duke of
York, accompanied by Princess
Beatrice of York and Princess
Eugenie of York, The Earl and
KENSINGTON PALACE
April 21st
Prince Henry of Wales, Patron,
Invictus Games Foundation, this
morning attended a Reception
given by the Hon. Malcolm
Turnbull MP (Prime Minister of
the Commonwealth of Australia) at
Australia House, Strand, London
WC2, and was received by the
Australian High Commissioner
(His Excellency the Hon.
Alexander Downer).
BUCKINGHAM PALACE
April 21st
The Princess Royal, accompanied
by Vice Admiral Sir Tim Laurence,
today carried out the following
engagements in Belgium.
Her Royal Highness this
morning attended the First World
War Centenary Service of the
Zeebrugge Raid in Zeebrugge.
The Princess Royal later
attended a Reception, visited
an Exhibition and attended a
Luncheon at the Governor’s
Residence, Burg 3, Bruges.
Her Royal Highness this
afternoon visited Zeebrugge
Commonwealth War Graves
Commission Cemetery, SintDonaasstraat 1, Zeebrugge.
The Princess Royal and Vice
Admiral Sir Tim Laurence later
arrived in London from Belgium.
Captain Russell Bond was in
attendance.
WINDSOR CASTLE
April 22nd
The Queen this morning started
the London Marathon from the
Quadrangle of Windsor Castle and
was received by the Chairman of
the London Marathon (Sir John
Spurling).
KENSINGTON PALACE
April 22nd
Prince Henry of Wales, Patron, the
London Marathon, this afternoon
presented the prizes in the Mall,
London SW1.
For more details about the Royal
family, visit royal.uk
Today’s birthdays
Sir Eric Yarrow, Chairman,
Clydesdale Bank, 1985-91, is 98;
Prof George Steiner, author,
89; the Most Rev Michael
Bowen, RC Archbishop Emeritus
of Southwark, 88; the Hon
Victoria Glendinning, author
and journalist, 81; Sir Russell
Hillhouse, former senior civil
servant, 80; Sir Richard Mottram,
former senior civil servant, 72;
Prof Sir Robert Burgess, Vice-
Chancellor of the University of
Leicester, 1999-2014, 71; Air Chief
Marshal Sir Stephen Dalton,
Lieutenant-Governor of Jersey;
Chief of the Air Staff, 2009-13,
64; Sir Jon Day, Chairman, Joint
Intelligence Committee, 2012-15,
64; the Marquess of Abergavenny
63; Mr Barry Douglas, concert
pianist, 58; Mr Gianandrea
Noseda, Conductor Laureate, BBC
Philharmonic Orchestra, 54; Mr
Justice Picken 52; Mrs Justice
Yip 49; Lady Gabriella Windsor,
daughter of Prince and Princess
Michael of Kent, 37; Mr Alistair
Brownlee, triathlete; Olympic
gold medallist, Rio 2016 and
London 2012, 30; and Ms Steph
Houghton, Captain, England and
Manchester City women’s football
teams, 30.
Today is St George’s Day. It is also
the anniversary of the birth of
William Shakespeare in 1564 and
of his death in 1616, and of the
birth of J.M.W. Turner in 1775.
Sovereign’s Parade
Mr S.H. Broster and
Miss K.E. Darby
The marriage took place on
Saturday, April 21, 2018, at The
Great Barn, Aynho, between
Samuel, son of Mr and Mrs Mike
Broster, and Katrina, daughter of
Mr and Mrs Andrew Darby.
The bride was attended by Miss
Claire Pogorzelski, maid of
honour, Mrs Katherine Carter,
matron of honour, Miss Lucy
Broster, Miss Emma Butler, Miss
Amy Anderson and Miss Chloe
Whybrew, bridesmaids. Mr
Laurence Hegarty was best man
and Mr Michael Darby and Mr
Robert Rooney were ushers.
The honeymoon will be spent in
Sri Lanka and the Maldives.
Royal Logistic Corps
Lt Gen Mark Poffley, Deputy Chief
of Defence Staff (Military
Capability), was the principal guest
and speaker at the Waggon Club
(RASC/RCT/RLC) dinner held on
Saturday in the Officers' Mess,
Prince William of Gloucester
Barracks, Grantham, by kind
permission of Lt Col Richard
Forsyth, SCOTS, CO Army
Training Regiment. Lt Col Len
Clifford presided and Brig Roger
Hood, President, also spoke. Brig
Johnny Blair-Tidewell,
Commander 102 Logistic Brigade,
Col Mike McHenry, USA, Col Brian
Kay, Col Steve Rayson, Col John
Riggall and Col Mike Robinson
were among others present.
Online ref: 551331
FIRST WORLD WAR
LONDON, TUESDAY APRIL 23, 1918
RICHTHOFEN KILLED ON
THE BRITISH FRONT
FAMOUS AIRMAN’S FATE
FROM PHILIP GIBBS, FRANCE, MONDAY.
In our Royal Air Service yesterday great interest was aroused by
news that Von Richthofen, the most famous German air fighter
after the death of Immelmann, had been killed and brought down
in our lines. It was only the day before yesterday that a German
official communiqué announced that Rittmeister von Richthofen,
commanding their “trusty 11th Pursuit Squadron,” had achieved
his 79th and 80th victory in air combats. It will be a great blow to
the morale of the German air pilots when they learn that he has at
last been destroyed by us.
How it happened is not yet quite clear, and there are various
theories as to the way in which he was brought down, because
there was a general fight over our lines, with many machines
engaged on both sides. Richthofen went about with a “circus”
of about 27 to 30 fighting scouts, and each of his pilots was
renowned for daring achievements. This circus never served
on the ordinary routine work of reconnoitring and signalling
and spotting for the artillery, but had a roving commission
up and down the lines, and their pilots were out for blood all
the time. This swarm of raiders appeared yesterday over our
lines near the Somme Valley, and gave chase to some of our
planes. Two of these were suddenly attacked by four or more
fighters, and then the raiders swooped off and the battle
passed into another air space northward.
Something like 50 machines were engaged in what the flying men
call a dog fight, that is when every aeroplane up for miles around
joins in the tourney. There was a general melée in the air, pairs of
machines closely engaging each other, manœuvring for position,
and trying to get in a burst of machine-gun bullets. I hear that some
machines on both sides were disabled.
The fighting swept over a wide area of sky, so that no single
observer could see its details, but as far as Richthofen is concerned it is certain that he was seen flying low, not more than
150ft above the ground, just before his machine crashed in
full view of the enemy. Immediately, they started shelling
fiercely, no doubt with the intention of destroying its wreckage. It was only when they examined the papers of the dead
man that he was known to be the German champion who has
killed so many of our gallant fellows in fair fight, but with a
most determined and ruthless desire to increase the number
of his victims. He was a young man of about 30, slight of build,
with fair hair and a clean-shaven face. It is said out here that
he had an English mother, and that he was educated at
Oxford, but I do not know whether this is true. He was shot
through the side close to the heart.
According to the custom of our Air Service and of that chivalry
which exists between the flying men on each side, Freiherr von
Richthofen was buried to-day with full military honours, and his
funeral was attended by many of our flight commanders, officers,
and men, who paid their respects to a brave enemy, for whose skill
and daring they had profound admiration, though he was a deadly
menace near our lines.
Gen Sir Nicholas Carter, Chief of
the General Staff, was present at
the Sovereign’s Parade held at The
Royal Military Academy Sandhurst
on Friday, April 13, 2018.
The Sword of Honour was
awarded to Senior Under Officer
William Andrew Louis McCreadie,
who is to commission into the Scots
Guards.
The Queen’s Medal was
awarded to Junior Under Officer
George Bignold, who is to
commission into The Princess of
Wales’s Royal Regiment.
The International Sword,
presented by the State of Kuwait,
was awarded to Officer Cadet
Martin Mlakić of Bosina and
Herzegovina.
The International Award,
presented by the State of Qatar,
was awarded to Officer Cadet
Shehroz Shahid of the Islamic
Republic of Pakistan.
The following have been
granted commissions in the
Regiments and Corps shown,
having successfully completed
Commissioning Course No: 172.
Abbott, O.G.F., Dean Close School,
Cardiff University, RE; Acland, T.A.,
Sherborne School, University of Exeter,
RE; Adams, R.A., The London Oratory
School, University of Manchester, PARA;
Albutt, A.S., North East Worcestershire
College, Roehampton University, RLC;
Aldridge, W., Manchester College of Arts
and Technology/Stockport Grammar
School, University of Nottingham,
REME; Amor, H.W.H., Clifton College,
Royal Agricultural University, QRH;
Andrews, M.J.N., Berkhampsted,
University of Leicester, R ANGLIAN;
Apczynski, M.M., Douglas Academy,
University of Glasgow, AGC (SPS);
Appleby, T.J., Ripon Grammar School, R
SIGNALS; Atkinson, B.A.S., Oundle
School, University of Exeter, RGR;
Atkinson, C.E., Dauntsey’s School,
University of St Andrews, INT CORPS;
Atkinson-Clark, H.W., Eton College,
University of Newcastle upon Tyne,
SCOTS; Backhouse, E., Aquinas College,
University of Portsmouth, RLC; Baker,
K.S.H., Hurworth School, University of
Hull, AGC (ETS); Barbour, C.J.,
Craigmount High School, University of
Aberdeen, SCOTS; Barnes, G.A.D., St
Dunstan’s College, University of
Plymouth, RLC; Barrigan, C.H.S.,
Stokesley School, University of
Newcastle upon Tyne, AGC (ETS); Barry,
H., The Royal Grammar School
Guildford, King’s College London, RRF;
Baxter, J.A., King’s School Tynemouth,
University of Sunderland, SCOTS;
Baxter, R., Rutlish Secondary School,
University of Portsmouth, LANCS;
Belfield, T., Eastleigh College, R IRISH;
Bennett, E.C., Uppingham School,
University of Bristol, GREN GDS;
Bignold, G., St Mark’s Catholic School,
University of Kent, PWRR; Birkett, P.J.,
The Sutherland School, REME;
Blackman, R.B., Stanchester School,
Swansea University, R SIGNALS; Booth,
T.D., The Duke of York’s Royal Military
School, RE; Bottomley, D.D.G.,
Heckmondwike Grammar School,
University of Newcastle upon Tyne, R
SIGNALS; Bough, J., Droitwich Spa High
School Specialist Sports College,
University of Chester, MERCIAN;
Brickell, J., Peter Symonds College,
Coventry University, REME; Bristol,
A.J.H., Radley College, Cardiff University,
R SIGNALS; Buchanan, J.A.J., Royal
Grammar School, University of
Nottingham, RL; Burford, P.J., Simon
Langton Grammar School for Boys,
University of Warwick, King’s College
London, RE; Burgess, C., Radley College,
University of Exeter, REME; Burgin,
M.P., The Royal Grammar School
Guildford, University of Oxford, St
Edmund Hill, INT CORPS; Burns, A.J., St
Edward’s School, Cardiff University,
RIFLES; Buxton, J.B., Ashfield
Comprehensive School, Nottingham
Trent University, RA; Calder-Potts, R.,
Cheltenham College, University of
Plymouth, ESIC Marketing School,
RIFLES; Capps, D.J., Runshaw College,
University of Hull, LANCS; Catmur,
H.C.S., The Duke of York’s Royal Military
School, University of Bristol, RTR;
Challinor, A., Guernsey Grammar
School, University of Kent, RE; Church,
C.J.L., Coleraine Academical Institution,
University of Manchester, AGC (SPS);
Clark, S.R., Parmiter’s School, University
of Birmingham, AGC (ETS); Clements,
K.C., City College Plymouth, University
of Kent, RE; Collett, J.J., Leasowes
Community College, University of
Cumbria - Ambleside Campus, R
SIGNALS; Colley, L.A., Sibford School,
Aberystwyth University, R WELSH;
Colquhoun, H., St John’s Marlborough
and Dauntsey’s School, RL; Cooke, A.,
High School for Girls, University of
Exeter, RE; Cooper, E.C.C., Newcastleunder-Lyme School, University of
Newcastle upon Tyne, QDG; Cox, J.W.,
Queen Elizabeth’s Grammar School, RE;
Cox, W.C., Wymondham College,
University of Newcastle upon Tyne,
RDG; Coyle, A., Hamilton College,
University of Strathclyde, RE; Cubbin,
H.S.J., Welbeck - The Defence Sixth
Form College, University of Northumbria
at Newcastle, R SIGNALS; Davidson, A.,
Heworth Grange Comprehensive School,
University of Manchester, REME;
Davidson, C.M., George Heriot’s School,
AAC; Deed, J.M.R., Worthing College,
University of Brighton, RA; Dewey, P.J.L.,
Sexey’s School, Loughborough
University, RE; Durkin, J., Towneley
High School, Edge Hill University, INT
CORPS; Dyte, M.T., Chilton Trinity
School, University of Plymouth, RLC;
Dzwig, A.J.K., The Royal Grammar
School, University of Oxford, SCOTS DG;
Egerton, J.O., Charterhouse, University
of Southampton, PWRR; Ellis, M.R.,
Royal Wootton Bassett Academy,
University of Exeter, RA; Elmhirst, B.,
Rugby School, Royal Agricultural
University, YORKS; Emmitt, J.M., Theale
Green Community School, Brunel
University, AAC; English, J.C., The Duke
of York’s Royal Military School,
Southampton Solent University, RA;
Everson, S.N., Polam Hall School,
Edinburgh Napier University, RLC;
Flaherty, O.K., Howard of Effingham,
University of Leicester, R SIGNALS;
Folkes, J.I., Peter Symonds College,
University of Winchester, RLC; Fraser,
D., Queen Mary’s College, Coventry
University, AGC (ETS); Fuller, J., Sussex
Downs College, University of
Birmingham, AGC (ETS); Furse, J.P.M.,
Marlborough College, Oxford Brookes
University, R WELSH; Gent, H.J.,
Gillingham School, University of
Plymouth, RA; Gibson, S., King Edward
VI School Southampton, University of
Reading, RA; Goldsmith Lister, G.D.,
Ilford County High School, University of
the West of England (Bristol UWE),
REME; Graff, A.S., Welbeck - The
Defence Sixth Form College, University
of Northumbria at Newcastle, RE;
Graham, O.A., Fallsworth School,
University of Durham, RAMC; Green,
T.R.C., Marlborough College, University
of Liverpool, RE; Gregory, R.,
Marlborough College, RA; Griffiths, E.A.,
Abingdon School, University of
Nottingham, RE; Groom, T.S.J., Felsted
School, University of Derby, RAMC;
Hayes, S.H.K., Sherbourne School,
Loughborough University, LD;
Hebblewhite, L.M.D., Elizabethan High
School, Nottingham Trent University,
SCOTS DG; Hennah, W., Richard Huish
College, University of Bristol, COLDM
GDS; Holland, H.R., East Barnet School,
University of Liverpool, RLC; Holtom,
J.J., Poole Grammar School, University of
Plymouth, R SIGNALS; Hooper, A.S.,
Charterhouse, University of York, RLC;
Horne, C.J., Bloxham School, University
of Wales, Aberystwyth, RIFLES; Horsley,
M., King Edward’s School, R SIGNALS;
Horton, A., The Royal Grammar School,
University of Nottingham, AAC; Howard,
P., Kenilworth School and Sports College,
University of Sheffield, MERCIAN;
Howes, F.D., Benenden School,
University of Oxford, INT CORPS;
Hudson, R.L., Park View Community
School, Nottingham Trent University,
RAMC; Hunter, J.C., Tunbridge Wells
Grammar School for Boys, Unknown
University Overseas, RDG; Hynd, M.D.,
Greenhead College, University of
Northumbria at Newcastle, R SIGNALS;
Jenkins, A.A.D.A., The Cardinal Vaughan
RC Memorial School, Imperial College
London, RE; Johnston, A.D.D., Dulwich
College, University of Birmingham, RE;
Johnston, R.M.S., Bishops Diocesan
College, Cape Town, University of
Reading/Portsmouth, RE; Jones, E.D.D.,
The King’s School Worcester, Royal
Holloway, University of London, RAMC;
Jones, E.R., Prior Pursglove College,
University of Liverpool, RA; Joy, J.L.,
Newbury College, University of
Manchester, AGC (ETS); Joynson, A.J.P.,
Dulwich College, Cardiff University, SG;
Keenan, A.S.P., Queen Elizabeth’s
Grammar School, University of York,
MERCIAN; Kelly, J.C.O., Queen Elizabeth
Grammar School/Greenhead College,
University of Leicester, R SIGNALS;
Khondo, A.S., Cranford Community
College, Slough Grammar School,
University of Huddersfield, REME;
Kirkwood, J.W., St Aidan’s School,
Sheffield Hallam University, AGC (SPS);
Knowles, G.R., North Bromsgrove High
School, University of Manchester, REME;
Lee, D.M., Heart of England School,
University of Bristol, LANCS; Legon,
R.P., Royal Alexandra and Albert School,
AGC (RMP); Lemon, M.P., Thorpe St
Andrew School, University of Kent,
PWRR; Liddington, G.R., Sir John Lawes
School, University of Birmingham, R
ANGLIAN; Long, S.D.M., Long Road
Sixth Form College, University of Hull,
RLC; Lott, J.A., Maidstone Grammar
School, University of Portsmouth, RE;
Love, P.K., St Michael’s College, RLC;
Lowein-Levy, M.R., Richmond upon
Thames College, Open University, RTR;
Lowles, H.G., Malvern College,
University of Exeter, RAMC;
MacDonald-Armitage, B., Bishop
Wordsworth’s C of E Grammar School for
Boys, University of Southampton, RA;
Macdonald-Smith, S.R.S., St Edward’s
School, Oxford, University of Durham,
GREN GDS; MacLachlan, R.A., Runshaw
College, University of Central
Lancashire, AGC (ETS); Major, M.C.,
Claire’s Court and The Royal Grammar
School, High Wycombe, University of
Reading, RA; Marriott, C., Chesham
Grammar School, University of
Portsmouth, RLC; Martin, B.D., Kirkby
College, REME; Martin, C., Dollar
Academy, SCOTS; Mattock, J.H., Altwood
C of E School, INT CORPS; Maxwell,
S.R.B., Wellington College, QDG;
McBean-Willis, S.I.O.J., The Duke of
York’s Royal Military School,
Loughborough University, RLC;
McCreadie, W.A.L., Wellington College,
University of Durham, SG; McGinn, A.J.,
Maidstone Grammar School, University
of Portsmouth, REME; McLarnon, L.,
Belfast Royal Academy, Queen’s
University Belfast, AGC (SPS); Meheran,
D.T., Beaufort Community School, RA;
Mitchell, C.J., St Peter’s Catholic School,
Coventry University, AGC (RMP); Morris,
W.J., Oakham School, University of
Manchester, RA; Mumford, J.W., The
Hayesbrook School, University of East
Anglia, YORKS; Munnings, J.A., Therfield
School, University of Sussex, R IRISH;
Munno, E.V., Bedford Modern School,
Newcastle University, AGC (RMP);
Newbery, F.J., Richmond upon Thames
College, REME; Newman, A.P., Abingdon
School, University of Southampton, R
SIGNALS; Norman, A.E., Graveney
School, King’s College London, RIFLES;
Ochiltree, A., Thomas Alleyne’s High
School, Sheffield Hallam University, R
SIGNALS; Odlum, L., Malvern College,
University of Exeter, GREN GDS;
O’Riordan, J.M.D., Woodbridge School
- Senior School, University of Hull, IG;
Ozanne, P.A., Elizabeth College,
University of Manchester, PWRR; Park,
A.S., Highfields School, University of
Hull, RA; Parkinson, B.S., Welbeck - The
Defence Sixth Form College, University
of Northumbria at Newcastle, R
SIGNALS; Parr, L.M., The Dukeries
College, REME; Phenix-Norman, A.,
Eston Park School, University of
Teesside, RLC; Plunket, O.D.C., Stowe
School, University of Exeter, RIFLES;
Ponting, T.J., King Edward’s School, The
Royal Agricultural University, QRH;
Pounsford, K.M., Norwich School,
University of Keele, RA; Power, H.E.L.,
Harrow School, University of Bristol,
R WELSH; Poynter, T.W., St John’s
School, Southsea, RA; Pryce, A.M., John
Taylor High School, Nottingham Trent
University, RLC; Ramsden, H.R., Skipton
Girls’ High School, University College
London, REME; Redman, G., Simon
Langton Grammar School for Boys,
SCOTS; Rees, S.R., International School
Berne, University of Liverpool, RA;
Rollason, J.E.S., Castle Sixth Form
College, University of Sheffield, INT
CORPS; Rootes, A.D., Long Road Sixth
Form College, University of Wales,
Aberystwyth, RLC; Ryde, B.S.,
D’Overbroecks, University of
Sheffield, RLC.
To be continued
Recorders
The following have been
appointed Recorders with effect
from April 25, 2018:
Mr Jacques Max Algazy, QC, Ms
Angela Marie Frost, Prof Matthew
Charles Edmund Happold, Mrs
Mary Prior, Mr Ian Stephen
Unsworth, QC, Mr John Philip
Scott, Mr Jeremy Marc Brier, Ms
Patricia Ann Hitchcock, QC, Ms
Debra Ann Powell, QC, Ms Maya
Sikand, Mrs Georgina Craig Clark,
Ms Quincy Rachel Suzy Whitaker
and Mrs Rosein Moira Magee.
Legal news
Judge Joy retired as a Circuit
Judge with effect from April 19,
2018.
Tribunal Judge Walker retired
with effect from April 19, 2018.
Tribunal Judge Kidd retired
with effect from April 18, 2018.
Prize-winners of
crossword 28,713
First three prize winners are: B.
G. Beck, Lewes, East Sussex; Roy
Burrell, Newcastle upon Tyne;
Nicholas Collins, Sandwich, Kent.
Runners-up: A. J. & I. Simpson,
Saxmundham, Suffolk; Mrs W.
Lawler, Penrith, Cumbria; Maire
Wilson, Ellesmere Port, Cheshire;
Malcolm Instone, Hertfordshire; J.
F. Robinson, North Sheilds, Tyne
& Wear; Roy Edwards, Woking,
Surrey; Stuart Milner, Leeds,
West Yorkshire; W. W. Watson,
Droitwich, Worcestershire;
Margaret Day, Boston,
Lincolnshire. Mr R. Sare, Chigwell,
Essex; A. J. Ridell, Binfield,
Berkshire; Stephen Turner,
Newhaven, East Sussex.
BAGNALL.—John (Bags) Bagnall, of
Tunbridge Wells, died peacefully in
hospital, aged 95, on 2nd April 2018. He
will be sadly missed and fondly
remembered by family and friends.
Funeral Service will be held at Surrey
and Sussex Crematorium on 3rd May at
1.30 p.m. Family flowers only.
Online ref: 552588
COTTON.—A. John S. on 14th April 2018
at East Surrey Hospital following a
stroke in 2017, aged 83. Dearly loved
husband, proud father, delighted
grandfather and friend to many who
treasure his memory. Service of
Thanksgiving on Friday 18th May, 2 p.m.
at St. Mary Magdalene, South
Holmwood. Donations in lieu of flowers
to The Royal Artillery Benevolent Fund
c/o Sherlock Funeral Service, Trellis
House, Dorking RH4 2ES.
Online ref: 552642
DOWNING.—Ian Christopher, died on
26th March 2018, after a short illness,
aged 67. Funeral Service at St
Marylebone Crematorium, East End
Road, London N2 0RZ on 30th April
2018, at 2 p.m. No flowers please, but
donations, if desired, to Cancer Research
UK and sent to the Funeral Directors:
William Beckett, 29 Junction Road,
London N19 5QT. Tel: 020 72724114.
Online ref: A223692
GRIFFITHS.—Ronald James died 15th
April 2018, aged 84. Dearly loved
husband, father and grandfather.
Online ref: 552665
HONE.—Eva Agnarsdotter, (née Hall),
died peacefully in the evening of 9th
April 2018, aged 85, after a short stay in
St. Thomas' Hospital, London. Loving
wife of Barry, much loved mother of
Joanna and Rupert and grandmother of
Poppy, Hector and Ludo. She will be
greatly missed by her family and many
friends. A Service of Thanksgiving will
be held at Chelsea Old Church, London
on Friday 14th September at 2 p.m.
Flowers or donations, if desired, to
Macmillan Cancer Support,
www.macmillan.org.uk All enquiries to
Chelsea Funeral Directors. Tel. 0207 352
0008. Joanna and Rupert can be
contacted at hone.rupert@gmail.com
Online ref: A223647
MACGILLIVRAY.—Captain Ian
Stewart, Royal Navy, died peacefully at
home on 18th April, aged 90. Loving and
deeply loved husband, father, stepfather
and grandfather. Private family funeral.
Details of thanksgiving service will be
announced at a later date.
Online ref: 552680
RUSSELL.—Edward D.W. on 11th April
2018, in Devon. Devoted father of
Camilla and grandfather of Lara and
Alicia Horn. Funeral private.
Online ref: A223680
STANION.—Percival died peacefully at
home on 29th March 2018. Much loved
husband, father, brother, uncle, friend
and colleague. Memorial Service at
University Church of St Mary, Oxford,
on Monday 4th June at 11 a.m. No
flowers. Donations, if desired, to Cancer
Research UK.
Online ref: 552590
TEARE.—John Anthony, sadly passed
away unexpectedly on 18th April 2018,
aged 77 years. Devoted and much loved
husband of Rosemary, wonderful Dad of
Fiona and Joanna, adored and proud Pop
of John, Fergus and Freya. He will be
greatly missed by all. Funeral Service to
be held at Landican Crematorium on
Friday 11th May at 11.30 a.m. Family
flowers only please, donations, if desired
for Clatterbridge Cancer Charity c/o
Charles Stephens Funeral Directors.
Tel: 0151 645 4396.
Online ref: 552688
TOPHAM.—Rosemary Phyllis,
peacefully on 19th April 2018, aged 90
years. Of Eltisley, Cambridgeshire.
A great family lady. Funeral at Eltisley
Church, on Friday 4th May 2018 at
2.30 p.m. Family flowers only.
Donations, if desired, to the East Anglian
Air Ambulance.
Online ref: A223679
WATTS-RUSSELL.—Gina Spinola, aged
98, died peacefully on 10th April 2018.
Beloved wife of the late Major David
Watts-Russell, much loved mother,
grandmother and great grandmother.
Private cremation service.
Online ref: 552675
WRAY.—Marjorie. Nurse and former
Practice Manager at Western Elms
Surgery. Passed away April 14th 2018,
aged 96 years. Beloved and devoted wife
of the late Kenneth, cherished mother of
Elizabeth, Margaret and Helen,
grandmother and great-grandmother.
Funeral Service will be held at Reading
Crematorium, South Chapel on
Thursday 3rd May at 12.15 p.m.
Donations, if desired, in memory of
Marjorie to the Thames Valley Air
Ambulance may be made via
www.abwalker.co.uk All enquiries to
A.B. Walker, 0118 9573650.
Online ref: 552631
WE KNOW that we have come to know
him if we keep his commands. Whoever
says, ‘I know him,’ but does not do what
he commands is a liar, and the truth is
not in that person. But if anyone obeys
his word, love for God is truly made
complete in them. This is how we know
we are in him: whoever claims to live in
him must live as Jesus did.
1 John 2.3-5
CASH PAID. For R.A.F. Flying Log
Books. Please phone 0208 693 7647.
***
The Daily Telegraph Monday 23 April 2018
29
Obituaries
Lord Digby
Verne Troyer
L
ORD DIGBY, who died on
Easter Sunday aged 93,
served as an officer in the
Coldstream Guards during
the Emergency in Malaya
and in the British Army on
the Rhine; he was later a successful
Lord Lieutenant of Dorset.
The biographer of an earlier family
member, Sir Kenelm Digby (16031665), an English courtier, wrote of the
family that “something in all the
Digbys caused them to win renown by
being at odds with society” – though
the rogue gene would appear to have
been more prevalent among the
females of the species.
In the 19th century a Jane Digby
became one of the great adventuresses
of her time, leaving a trail of husbands
and lovers from Bavaria to Syria. In the
20th century Lord Digby’s oldest sister
Pamela (later Harriman), would
become, as her obituary put it in the
Daily Telegraph in 1997, “Winston
Churchill’s daughter-in-law, the lover
of some of the world’s richest men, a
powerful Washington hostess, a
multi-millionairess and finally a
successful diplomat” – the American
ambassador to France from 1993
to 1997.
Lord Digby’s own career followed a
more conventional aristocratic path.
He was born Edward Henry Kenelm
Digby on July 24 1924, the third child
of Edward Kenelm Digby, 11th Baron
Digby, KG, DSO, MC & Bar. His mother
Pamela (née Bruce) was a daughter of
the 2nd Lord Aberdare.
Young Eddie grew up at his family’s
1,500-acre estate at Minterne Magna
near Dorchester in Dorset, which had
been bought in the late 18th century
by Robert Digby (1732-1815), who had
served as an Admiral during the
American War of Independence.
The present rambling manor house
was constructed between 1904 and
1906 to designs by Leonard Stokes,
who considered it to be one his best
Digby captained
the Lords and
Commons’ skiing
team in Davos
attended Octu. Following a period of
ill health he received a regular
commission and in 1948 embarked
with 2nd Battalion for Far East Land
Forces.
The next two years were spent in
Malaya specialising in wireless
communications and living in the
jungle. His battalion area, 4,000
square miles in size, included the
Cameron Highlands from where, in a
letter home, he reported a visit to a
“very good hotel”, but added: “I don’t
know whether it will remain good as
we have just arrested the head waiter
and barman as communists.”
He was ADC to General Sir John
Harding, the C-in-C, Far East Land
Forces between 1950 and 1951. He
accompanied Harding on a visit to
General Douglas MacArthur during
the Korean War and again when
Harding became C-in-C BAOR. In 1953
he resigned his commission and the
following year joined the Regular
Army Reserve.
Digby served as a member of
Dorchester Rural District Council in
1962 and was a Dorset county
councillor from 1966 to 1981, serving
as vice-chairman from 1977.
Meanwhile, in 1964 he inherited the
barony from his father.
Much of his time was devoted to
running the estate. At harvest time he
could be found driving the combine,
although he admitted preferring farm
machinery when it broke down
because that was when it became
“interesting”.
He also set about converting part of
the 69-room Minterne House, which
had been a Royal Naval hospital
during the war, into flats and opening
it to groups such as the National Trust
and the University of the Third Age.
In the mid-1960s Digby became
chairman of the Royal Agricultural
Society of the Commonwealth,
attending its conferences in Toronto,
Nairobi and Cambridge with the
buildings. The gardens, regarded as
among the finest in Dorset, are notable
for their historic collections of rare
rhododendrons and azaleas brought
back by the great Victorian plant
hunters.
Edward was educated at Eton and
Trinity College, Oxford. He then
received an emergency commission
into the Coldstream Guards and later
society’s president, the Duke of
Edinburgh. He was a non-executive
director of the construction company
Beazer from 1981 to 1992, playing an
important role in its expansion,
particularly in the US.
Digby, a keen writer of letters to the
Daily Telegraph, was also a fine skier
and captained the Lords and Commons’
skiing team for five years during their
races against Swiss parliamentarians
held in Davos each January.
He served as Lord Lieutenant of
Dorset from 1984 to 1999, when he was
appointed KCVO. His gift for tact was
evident in 2015 when he welcomed a
party of visitors from the French town
of Louviers. He explained the history
of his family but diplomatically said
little about the massive painting of the
Battle of Trafalgar in Minterne House
depicting his ancestor, Sir Henry
Digby, in action.
In 2010 Digby came to the aid of
Julian Fellowes, the creator of
Downton Abbey, after Jean Marsh,
co-creator of Upstairs Downstairs,
accused Fellowes of “overglamorising” the lives of servants.
Digby fondly recalled the Mickey
Mouse films played in the servants’
hall at Minterne when he was a boy
and that the only beating his father
ever administered was for being rude
to a servant. “The idea that Victorian
servants were downtrodden is
nonsense,” he told the Daily Mail. “I
still get letters from people telling me
that their grandmother had such
happy memories serving in my house.”
In 1952 he married Dione
Sherbrooke, younger daughter of Rear
Admiral Robert St Vincent
Sherbrooke, VC, who had an eminent
career as founder of the Summer
Music Society of Dorset. She survives
him with two sons and a daughter. His
eldest son, Henry, inherits the title.
Edward Digby, 12th Baron Digby,
born July 24 1924, died April 1 2018
Livia Gollancz
Determined and imaginative publisher who earlier played French horn with the Hallé Orchestra
ANNE PURKISS/LEBRECHT MUSIC & ARTS
L
IVIA GOLLANCZ, who has died
aged 97, was a French horn
player who retired from
orchestral life in her thirties to
devote her life to the publishing house
set up by her father, Victor.
Her main preoccupations were
music and literature, which she
pursued with relish and zeal. Perhaps
her most signal achievement in
publishing was to marry the past with
the present, incorporating the feeling
– instilled by her father – of an
old-school family publishing firm that
succeeded in keeping up with the
changing needs of the modern world.
After Victor’s death in 1967, Livia
Gollancz took control of the firm,
proving herself to be determined and
imaginative. She helped to steer its
fortunes through the 1970s and 1980s,
discovering some new authors and
losing some of the older ones, but
retaining most of the “star” writers.
A J Cronin (author of The Citadel,
published by Gollancz in 1937) and
Daphne du Maurier (Rebecca, 1938)
were counted among the writers who
remained loyal during the changeover
period. Others on the Gollancz list
included Kingsley Amis (Lucky Jim,
1953), E P Thompson (The Making
of the English Working Class, 1963)
and Anthony Price (The Labyrinth
Makers, 1970).
Victor had commissioned George
Orwell’s The Road to Wigan Pier (1937),
a bleak account of life in working-class
northern Britain, but they had parted
company after he declined Homage to
Catalonia, the author’s observations of
the Spanish Civil War.
As managing director, Livia
Gollancz developed a great confidence
in the business. Yet one of her
principal interests was a study of the
apparatus of management, to the
Livia Gollancz: she
pursued music and
literature with relish
bemusement of some clients. “A
veritable portrait of the artist as a
manager,” sighed one waggish author.
Livia Ruth Gollancz was born in
Notting Hill, West London, on May 25
1920, the eldest of five daughters of
Victor, who had been thrown out of
Repton for teaching pacifism. Her
mother Ruth (née Lowry) was a painter,
while her maternal grandmother,
Henrietta, had looked like Emmeline
Pankhurst and would sometimes
switch clothes to help the Suffragette
leader escape from the authorities.
Victor, who only attended
synagogue on Yom Kippur, would read
Sherlock Holmes to the family after
lunch on Saturdays and extracts from
the New Testament on Sundays.
Although a Hebrew grace was said at
dinner, by the age of 14 Livia had
stopped going to synagogue. In an
interview for the British Library, she
recalled her young self as “fiercely
independent, with a mass of hair”.
She was seven when her father set
up his publishing house, but the lure
of books was not yet strong. “For me,
from the age of eight onwards, music
was the only thing,” she wrote.
Her formal education was at St
Paul’s Girls’ School, where she joined
the Young Communists. Her first
instrument was the violin, but she
played viola in the school orchestra
and it was with this that she entered
the Royal College of Music.
She learnt the horn in her own in
time and by the age of 20 was playing
with the wartime London Symphony
Orchestra. She recalled being in
Leicester at the time of her 21st
birthday when the pianist Benno
Moiseivitch invited some of the
orchestra to go drinking; she managed
to stay sober enough to get them back
to their digs.
The Hallé followed and she was
playing principal horn in the
Manchester orchestra by the age of 23,
although John Barbirolli dropped her
after she expressed reservations about
his conducting style.
Livia Gollancz was playing with
orchestras in Scotland when a friend
introduced her to hill walking on
Ben Lomond. She lasted only ten
minutes, but later got into rambling
on Kinder Scout.
Back in London she joined the
Covent Garden orchestra, which
turned out to be a mistake because she
lacked pit experience and Karl Rankl,
the music director, did not approve of
orchestral women. She then freelanced
while studying physics, chemistry and
biology at Regent Street Polytechnic
with a view to retraining in medicine.
Despite writing to a friend in the
early 1950s that she “got bouquets for
the sounds made”, Livia Gollancz
retired from orchestral life in 1953. She
continued to play as an amateur,
notably with Chelsea Opera, which the
opera-loving Victor once rescued after
an ill-attended performance of
Weber’s Der Freischütz.
Instead of medicine, she was coaxed
to the family publishing company by
her father. She started by sticking
labels on to envelopes, but was quickly
promoted to typographer – not
because she was her father’s daughter,
but because she had inherited her
mother’s talent for visual space. Victor
taught her the whole business,
although she recalled that the hardest
thing after years of orchestral playing
was working more sociable hours.
Livia Gollancz was in America when
her father’s death was announced. She
now had to learn to read people as well
as manuscripts. Despite some early
failures of communication, when she
attempted to emulate Victor’s more
autocratic style, she soon grasped the
hard facts of merchandising, which
she disliked calling “marketing”, and
the more sophisticated essentials of
being head of a publishing company.
The business was sold in 1989 and,
after various ownerships, is now the
science fiction imprint of Orion.
Livia Gollancz, who was unmarried,
now returned to playing the viola and
began exploring the Himalayas.
Although she would speak with
self-deprecation of her publishing
achievements, her eyes would brighten
at the mention of music. It was
dominant in her life – whether playing
professionally, as an amateur in middle
age, or while listening in her later years
– and remained so until the end.
Livia Gollancz, born May 25 1920,
died March 29 2018
Avicii
Prolific tunesmith and DJ whose electronic dance music was embraced by the millennial generation
SIPA USA/REX/SHUTTERSTOCK
A
VICII, the Swedish DJ and
musician Tim Bergling, who
has died aged 28, was a
superstar of the club world; he
was the creator of such dance anthems
as I Could Be the One and Wake Me Up,
both of which were No 1 hits in Britain
in 2013 and were embraced by the
millennial generation.
Unlike the UK, where the rave
culture has been established since the
Eighties, mainstream America has
historically been resistant to dance
music since the death of disco.
That began to change a decade ago,
with the creation of vast, often
open-air clubs in cities such as Miami
and Las Vegas, mimicking those
beloved of Europeans in Ibiza and
playing what is now known as EDM
(electronic dance music).
As in the Balearics, DJs who could
keep crowds of tens of thousands in a
state of escapist euphoria for hours
became as in demand as pop stars.
Soon, the likes of David Guetta began
to release music of their own. But
while Guetta is 50, the elfin-looking
Bergling was the same age as many of
those consuming it.
A prolific tunesmith – Nile Rodgers
Tim Bergling
(Avicii): he married
compulsive beats
to simple lyrics
of Chic called him “one of the greatest
natural melody writers” – Bergling
married compulsive beats to simple
lyrics, addressing the concerns of his
age group.
The videos for Levels, his
breakthrough hit in 2011, and I Could
Be the One showed office workers
shedding the shackles of corporate
life. That for Addicted to You (2013)
depicted an LGBT+ Bonnie and Clyde
as Bonnie and Bonnie.
Another influence was folk music.
Wake Me Up, which came from his first
album True (2013) with vocals by Aloe
Blacc, was among the first dance
tracks to have a bluegrass tinge and
there was euphoric chaos when
Bergling played it as an encore at
Earl’s Court in 2014 accompanied by
fireworks, lasers and confetti cannons.
Hey Brother, a No 2 hit in the UK in
2013, also had a country feel.
His take on Feeling Good (2015), a
cover of Nina Simone’s classic, was
used for a Volvo car advert. However,
the original video to that number
made clear Avicii’s discontent with
his fame.
At 25 he collaborated with Madonna
(Girl Gone Wild) and Coldplay (A Sky
Full of Stars), and last year worked
with Rita Ora (Lonely Together). He was
twice nominated for a Grammy and
played at the World Cup closing
ceremony in 2014 and the Swedish
royal wedding in 2015.
Blond, blue-eyed and usually seen
wearing a baseball cap backwards,
Bergling was paid $250,000 per night
to DJ – he tried to retract a revelation
that his sets were recorded, not
spontaneous – and Forbes estimated
his earnings in 2015 at $19 million. His
music has been streamed 11 billion
times on Spotify alone.
He was born Tim Bergling on
September 8 1989 in Stockholm, the
son of Klas-Otto Bergling and Anki
Lidén, an actress who was the mother
in the film My Life as a Dog (1985). He
had three older half-siblings, two of
whom are also musicians.
His father’s tastes ran to Ray
Charles, but Tim discovered house
music as a teenager. Although happier
at his computer than on stage, he won
a talent competition run by the DJ Pete
Tong and began recording as Avicii,
the word for the lowest level of hell in
Buddhism (he added an extra i).
However, in 2016 he was taken to
hospital with acute pancreatitis,
thought to be caused by excessive
drinking on tour. He played his last gig
in Ibiza that year. On hearing of his
death, thousands of young people
gathered in central Stockholm to
celebrate his music.
Avicii, born September 8 1989,
died April 20 2018
V
ERNE TROYER, who
has died aged 49, was
the diminutive actor
best known for playing
Mini-Me in the second and
third Austin Powers spy
spoof films directed by Jay
Roach.
Mini-Me first appeared as
an eighth-size clone of Dr
Evil (played by Mike Myers)
in Austin Powers: The Spy
Who Shagged Me (1999). The
character spoke few words,
but was the subject of
several gratuitous visual
gags – including being
flushed down a lavatory and
into space.
It was a box-office hit,
with Troyer and Myers
sharing the following year’s
MTV Movie Award for best
on-screen duo.
He reprised the role three
years later in Austin Powers
in Goldmember, a parody of
the James Bond film
Goldfinger, starring Beyoncé
and Michael Caine.
Despite never having had
acting lessons, Troyer made
frequent appearances on
screen, notably as Percy in
The Imaginarium of Doctor
Parnassus, Terry Gilliam’s
2009 fantasy film. The same
year he also came fourth in
the Channel 4 television
show Celebrity Big Brother
(won by Ulrika Jonsson),
causing chaos as he drove
around the house on his
scooter.
Verne Jay Troyer was
born into an Amish
community at Sturgis,
Michigan, on New Year’s
Day 1969, one of three
children of Susan and
Reuben Troyer, who were
factory workers.
He was still a child when
his parents left the Amish,
or “jumped the fence”, as his
father put it. He would later
reminisce nostalgically on
their simpler life, though
admitted that he could not
cope without a phone or
computer. “When I go back
there now I still get into that
culture,” he said. “I can
drive a horse and buggy.”
Born with cartilage-hair
hypoplasia, a bone disorder
that leads to dwarfism,
Troyer stood 2ft 8in (81cm).
Nevertheless, he was always
included in family activities:
“I had to do everything my
brother and sister had to do,
including raising our animal
menagerie that included
cows and chickens.”
At Centreville High
School, Michigan, he was
bullied. “There was a kid
[who] called me the
M-word,” he told Oprah
Winfrey. “That’s just
derogatory slang – the
proper thing to say is either
little person or dwarf. So I
basically jumped up,
KRISTIAN DOWLING/GETTY IMAGES
Army officer who served as Lord Lieutenant of Dorset and drove the combine at harvest time
Tiny actor known for playing
Mini-Me in Austin Powers films
Small was normal for Troyer:
‘It’s you guys who are abnormal’
punched him in the nose
and his nose started
bleeding.”
Troyer worked as a
telephone operator in
Michigan, but was laid off at
age 21. He joined his
brother, who had moved to
Texas, and found work in a
customer service
department.
His acting break came
when an organisation called
Little People of America
called. They had been asked
to find a stunt double for the
character Bink, a ninemonth-old baby, in the film
Baby’s Day Out (1994). “I sent
in my picture, and [the film
company] flew me out to
Hollywood,” he recalled.
“Two days later, they
offered me the job.”
After the Austin Powers
successes he appeared in
several films, including How
the Grinch Stole Christmas
(2000) and Gnome Alone
(2015). He was also Griphook
the goblin in Harry Potter
and the Sorcerer’s Stone
(2001).
Troyer, a devoted video
gamer, had a long battle
with alcoholism. He enjoyed
a colourful personal life and
often visited Hugh Hefner’s
Playboy mansion. In
February 2004 he married
the model Genevieve
Gallen, but filed for an
annulment the following
day. Four years later a sex
video emerged online of
Troyer with his girlfriend,
Ranae Shrider. Latterly he
was in a relationship with
the actress Brittney Powell,
appearing with her and her
son in Celebrity Wife Swap
(2015).
Verne Troyer insisted that
his height had never been a
disadvantage, but he did
take exception to being
patted on the head, saying:
“I’m not a lapdog.” Asked
about his experiences of
being short, he replied: “I
don’t know what it’s like to
be tall, so this is normal for
me. It’s you guys who are
abnormal.”
Verne Troyer, born
January 1 1969, died
April 21 2018
30
***
Monday 23 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Television & radio
The weekend on television Jasper Rees
ees
A feminist battle-cry for
the #MeToo generation
It slightly stole the thunder of the
book’s famous opening, in which
Hartright encountered the disturbed
will o’ the wisp Anne Catherick after
dark in a deserted London suburb.
As for the actual plot, director Carl
Tibbetts and scriptwriter Fiona Seres
have shrewdly kept faith with the
novel’s piecemeal structure in which
the various characters all tell bits of
the story from their own point of view.
Here they make witness statements to
a dependable lawyer (Art Malik).
T
T
Stirring: Olivia Vinall and Ben Hardy in ‘The Woman in White’
here are half a dozen
much loved 19th-century
novels on an adaptation
rota. Jane Eyre, Great
Expectations and Pride
and Prejudice come
around as if by clockwork. The
Woman in White is also on the list
thanks to its status as the first ever
unputdownable serial thriller. Airing
on BBC One, this is the broadcaster’s
fourth go at it in 50 years. But however
much it’s loved, there’s not much point
in exhuming the same old story
without an up-to-date angle.
Well, we’ve got one here. Though it
would have been commissioned long
before Harvey Weinstein was exposed,
the latest version was swift to position
itself as a timely proto-feminist
battle-cry for the #MeToo generation.
In the lapel-grabbing opening, Marian
Halcombe (Jessie Buckley) said it like
it still is: “How is it men crush women
time and time again and go
unpunished?”
But there’s more to this telling than
merely calling out Victorian abusers
like Sir Percival Glyde (Dougray Scott),
who has already been outed as an
inheritance-hunter of doubtful
sincerity. Any account of Wilkie
Collins’s 1860 novel is only as good as
its Marian. The BBC’s last two Marians
– Diana Quick in 1982, Tara Fitzgerald
in 1997 – were formidable but still
feminised. Jessie Buckley’s
interpretation is an invigorating tonic.
“You will soon find out we are not
the most traditional ladies,” she
advised. I’ll say. When the painter
Walter Hartright first claps eyes on her
in the novel, he’s taken aback when
the young dark-haired woman with
the shapely silhouette turns to reveal
she’s “ugly” (Collins’s word, not mine).
Plus she’s got a bit of a tache. Here he
spotted Marian through a door, briskly
fixing the laces on her leggings, part of
a chappish get-up featuring culottelike strides and exotic smoking coats.
She glugged brandy and smoothly
wielded a billiard cue. She’s far more
manly than Ben Hardy’s milksop
Hartright. As the woman in trousers,
Buckley’s splendid Ms Halcombe is
shaping up to be a genderqueer pin-up
in a “woke” Woman in White.
As in Ordeal by Innocence, the
narrative kicked off abruptly with
an untimely death. Before the
credits had even played, the lid
was drawn across the casket
containing the mortal remains of
Marian’s beautiful half-sister Laura
Fairlie. Collins waited several hundred
pages before he stunned his readers
with that shock.
This is doubtless a calculated move.
A contemporary audience of restless
screen-hoppers prefers an up-front
guarantee of thrills and chills to come.
he other thing I liked about this
new take was the way that,
much more than the BBC’s
single drama version in 1997, it frankly
embraced the trappings of serial
melodrama: coincidence, sensation, an
astonishing likeness. Olivia Vinall
deftly portrayed both the vanilla
heiress Laura and the nervy asylum
escapee Anne, the latter deformed by
an alarming set of Addams Family
dentures. Playing Laura, a passive
chattel of the patriarchy, can be a short
straw, but here Vinall was granted
agency, racily proposing a dip in the
sea, and diving in for the first kiss
with Walter.
There were also less charming signs
of bracing modernity, including an
absolute paradiddle of glottal stops:
“Hartright” often came out as
“Har’righ’”. My eyes involuntarily
rolled at the dark roots to Laura’s
bottle-blonde hair, and the word
“subconscious” borrowed
anachronistically from the future. The
magic of the shooting schedule found
some trees were stripped for winter
while the Limmeridge garden was in
full Miracle Gro bloom. (Cumberland
is handsomely impersonated by
Northern Ireland.)
Charles Dance is glorious as
Frederick Fairlie, the half-sisters’
fusspotty old uncle. His grumbles
about enfeebled health felt especially
ridiculous in a figure of such bruising
physical heft and a peremptory bass
voice that issues forth in clipped
stentorian barks. He looks about as
unwell as a peak-condition
prizefighter. Still, no matter. This
stirring series treads a neat line
between fidelity and up-to-date
social commentary.
The Woman in White ★★★★
What to watch
Factual
The Real Camilla: HRH the
Duchess of Cornwall
Rip Off Britain: Food
ITV, 9.00PM
BBC ONE, 9.15AM

A combination of
reverence and access
or lack thereof tends to
ensure that royal
documentaries rarely give
viewers the warts-and-all
depiction they might
require. That’s certainly
the case with this
pleasant if undemanding
ITV take on the life of
the Duchess of Cornwall.
The usual mixture of
friends, family and royal
correspondents give their
opinion on the “real
Camilla” – her nephew
Ben Elliott comes closest
to lifting the veil when
he talks about what to
get her for Christmas –
and there’s a whistle-stop
tour of the whole Charles/
Camilla/Diana story,
albeit one that glosses
over the over the
crucial decade when
the Prince of Wales’s
marriage fell apart.
Ultimately, what saves
it all from sycophancy is
Camilla herself, who
comes across as hardworking, easy-going
and, above all, game.
“She was fun, she made
people laugh,” says a
contributor early on
and watching the Duchess
chatting to various guests,
young and old, you can
 The popular daytime
consumer series returns
with a focus on food as
presenters Angela Rippon,
Gloria Hunniford and Julia
Somerville look at the ins
and outs of going out
for a meal and consider
public complaints. SH
Holidays Unpacked
CHANNEL 4, 8.00PM
 Lucy Hedges and
Morland Sanders are our
guides in this new series,
which aims to take us to
the world’s “up-and-coming
destinations”. In practice,
this means that Hedges
heads to Israel to float
in the Dead Sea while
Sanders goes zip-lining in
Costa Rica. SH
Travel Man: 48 Hours on
the Cote d’Azur
CHANNEL 4, 8.30PM
 Comedian Shazia Mirza is
Richard Ayoade’s guest on a
whistle-stop tour from Nice
Easy-going: the Duchess of Cornwall on her 70th birthday
believe it. The night’s best
tribute, however, comes,
fittingly, from the man
most qualified to judge:
“She’s the best listener in
the world,” notes Prince
Charles, his delivery
heartfelt. Sarah Hughes
that will ultimately become
Guernica. SH
Documentary
Secret Agent Selection:
WW2
Westworld
BBC TWO, 9.00PM
SKY ATLANTIC, 9.00PM & 10.20PM
 It’s concealment and
camouflage week as our
would-be secret agents are
sent to the Scottish
Highlands. It’s arguably
the toughest training yet
as the gang find themselves
scrambling over rocks
and wading through
freezing lakes. SH
 Television’s coldest show
returns with creators
Jonathan Nolan and Lisa Joy
having dialled back the
tricksiness so that most of
the time jumps and puzzles
feel organic to the plot,
although the overall effect is
still pretty soulless.
Understandably, last
season’s revelations have led
to chaos as Dolores (Evan
Rachel Wood) seeks
vengeance on her former
masters. Thandie Newton’s
Maeve and Jeffrey Wright’s
Bernard provide the rare
moments of emotion. SH
Drama
Genius: Picasso
NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC, 8.00PM
 Antonio Banderas plays
Spain’s most famous painter
Genius: Picasso – Banderas
in this sumptuous take on
the life of Pablo Picasso. The
action in the first episode
flashes between two key
periods in Picasso’s life: the
moment as a boy when he
realised he had to become
an artist and 1937 when he
receives the commission
Westworld: Evan Rachel Wood
to Monaco. There’s a nice
relaxed vibe between the
two of them as they bond
over their love of Roger
Moore (sorry), although
Mirza tests Ayoade’s
patience with her misuse of
the word “literally”. SH
Sport
Tennis: The Barcelona
Open
SKY SPORTS MAIN EVENT, 10.00AM
 It’s the opening day in the
clay-court tournament at
the Real Club de Tennis
Barcelona, where Rafael
Nadal triumphed last year
for the 10th time. SH
Radio choice Charlotte Runcie
The Art of Immersion
RADIO 4, 4.00PM
 Immersive virtual reality
(VR) games and devices
seemed like something that
would only ever be found in
the realms of sci-fi even a
couple of decades ago, but
now virtual reality has
become, well, reality. This
inquisitive documentary,
Radio 1
FM 97.6-99.8MHz
6.30 am The Radio 1 Breakfast
Show with Nick Grimshaw
10.00 Clara Amfo
12.45 pm Newsbeat
1.00 Scott Mills
4.00 Greg James
5.45 Newsbeat
6.00 Greg James
7.00 Annie Mac
9.00 The 8th with Charlie Sloth
11.00 Huw Stephens
1.00 am Radio 1’s Drum & Bass
Show with Rene LaVice
3.00 Radio 1’s Specialist Chart
with Phil Taggart
4.00 - 6.30am Radio 1’s Early
Breakfast Show with Adele
Roberts
Radio 2
FM 88-90.2MHz
6.30
9.30
12.00
2.00
5.00
7.00
8.00
10.00
10.30
11.00
12.00
2.00
3.00
4.00
5.00
am Chris Evans
Ken Bruce
Jeremy Vine
pm Steve Wright in the
Afternoon
Amol Rajan
The Blues Show with Paul
Jones
Jo Whiley
The Taylors
Censored
Jools Holland
Johnnie Walker’s Sounds of
the 70s
am Radio 2’s Jazz Playlist
Radio 2 Playlists: Great
British Songbook
Radio 2 Playlists: Hidden
Treasures
- 6.30am Nicki Chapman
Radio 3
FM 90.2-92.4MHz
6.30 am Breakfast
9.00 Essential Classics
12.00 Composer of the Week:
Strozzi
1.00 pm News
1.02 Radio 3 Lunchtime Concert
2.00 Afternoon Concert
4.30 BBC Young Musician 2018
presented by digital video
artist Adham Faramawy,
looks at how powerful
immersive VR can be.
Faramawy engages deeply
with philosophical
questions about simulation’s
darker side, and why it can
feel so unnerving, even
disturbing - including VR
that seeks to emulate the
experience of death.
5.00 In Tune
7.00 In Tune Mixtape
7.30 Radio 3 in Concert.
The London Symphony
Orchestra perform Tippett
and Mahler’s final works
10.00 Music Matters
10.45 The Essay: Dark Blossoms
11.00 Jazz Now
12.30 - 6.30am Through the
Night
Radio 4
FM 92.4-94.6MHz; LW 198KHz
6.00 am Today
9.00 Start the Week
9.45 FM: Book of the Week:
Sharp: The Women Who
Made an Art of Having an
Opinion
9.45 LW: Daily Service
10.00 Woman’s Hour
11.00 Inherited Fear
11.30 Spike Milligan: Inside Out
12.00 News
12.01 pm LW: Shipping Forecast
12.04 Home Front
12.15 You and Yours
12.57 Weather
1.00 The World at One
1.45 Chinese Characters
2.00 The Archers
2.15 Drama: An Open Return
3.00 Brain of Britain
3.30 The Food Programme
4.00 ◆ The Art of Immersion.
See Radio choice
4.30 Beyond Belief
5.00 PM
5.54 LW: Shipping Forecast
5.57 Weather
6.00 Six O’Clock News
6.30 The Unbelievable Truth
7.00 The Archers
7.15 Front Row
7.45 Curious Under the Stars
8.00 ◆ Imperial Echo.
See Radio choice
8.30 Crossing Continents
9.00 The Second Genome
9.30 Start the Week
9.59 Weather
10.00 The World Tonight
10.45 Book at Bedtime: Nikesh
Shukla – The One Who
Wrote Destiny
Imperial Echo
RADIO 4, 8.00PM
 After this year’s
Commonwealth Games have
drawn to a close, BBC News
Royal Correspondent Jonny
Dymond speaks to senior
figures attending the 2018
London Commonwealth
Heads of Government
meeting, as well as experts
11.00
11.30
12.00
12.30
12.48
1.00
5.20
5.30
5.43
5.45
5.58
Word of Mouth
Today in Parliament
News and Weather
am Book of the Week:
Sharp: The Women Who
Made an Art of Having an
Opinion
Shipping Forecast
As World Service
Shipping Forecast
News Briefing
Prayer for the Day
Farming Today
- 6.00am Tweet of the Day
Radio 5 Live
MW 693 & 909KHz
6.00 am 5 Live Breakfast
10.00 The Emma Barnett Show
with Anna Foster
1.00 pm Afternoon Edition
4.00 5 Live Drive
7.00 5 Live Sport
8.00 5 Live Sport: Premier
League Football 2017-18.
Everton v Newcastle United
(kick-off 8.00pm).
Top-flight commentary
from Goodison Park
10.00 5 Live Sport: 5 Live
Football Social
10.30 Phil Williams
1.00 am Up All Night
5.00 Morning Reports
5.15 - 6.00am Wake Up to
Money
Classic FM
FM 99.9-101.9MHz
6.00
9.00
1.00
5.00
7.00
8.00
am More Music Breakfast
John Suchet
pm Anne-Marie Minhall
Classic FM Drive
Smooth Classics at Seven
The Full Works Concert. To
celebrate St George’s Day,
Jane Jones presents
assorted English
discoveries, including
Elgar’s Pomp &
Circumstance March No 5,
and music by Deep Purple
veteran Jon Lord
10.00 Smooth Classics
1.00 - 6.00am Sam Pittis
in the study of British and
Commonwealth history, to
chart the history of the
institution and to ask some
pertinent questions: does
the Commonwealth have a
glorious past, but a less
interesting future? With its
post-colonial mission to be
“free and equal”, what
does it achieve, and what
defines it?
World Service
DIGITAL ONLY
6.00am Newsday 8.06 HARDtalk 8.30
Business Daily 8.50 Witness 9.00
News 9.06 The Arts Hour 10.00 World
Update 11.00 The Newsroom 11.30
The Conversation 12.00 News
12.06pm Outlook 1.00 The Newsroom
1.30 The Why Factor 1.50 More or
Less 2.00 Newshour 3.00 News
3.06 HARDtalk 3.30 World Business
Report 4.00 BBC OS 6.00 News 6.06
Outlook 7.00 The Newsroom 7.30
Sport Today 8.00 News 8.06 HARDtalk
8.30 Discovery 9.00 Newshour 10.00
News 10.06 The Why Factor 10.30
The Conversation 11.00 News 11.06
The Newsroom 11.20 Sports News
11.30 World Business Report 12.00
News 12.06am The Arts Hour 1.00
News 1.06 Business Matters 2.00
News 2.06 The Newsroom 2.30 The
Why Factor 2.50 More or Less 3.00
News 3.06 Newsday 3.30 In the
Studio 4.00 News 4.06 Newsday
5.00 News 5.06 The Newsroom
5.30 - 6.00am Discovery
Radio 4 Extra
DIGITAL ONLY
6.00am Rogue Justice 6.30 The Taking
Part 7.00 Millport 7.30 The
Unbelievable Truth 8.00 Hancock’s Half
Hour 8.30 Flywheel, Shyster and
Flywheel 9.00 Just a Minute 9.30 King
Street Junior 10.00 The Idiot 11.00
Clown’s Shoes 11.15 From Galway to
Graceland 12.00 Hancock’s Half Hour
12.30pm Flywheel, Shyster and
Flywheel 1.00 Rogue Justice 1.30 The
Taking Part 2.00 Expo 58 2.15
Shakespeare’s Restless World 2.30
Good News 2.45 Catch Me If You Can
3.00 The Idiot 4.00 Just a Minute
4.30 King Street Junior 5.00 Millport
5.30 The Unbelievable Truth 6.00 The
Man Who Was Thursday 6.30 A Good
Read 7.00 Hancock’s Half Hour 7.30
Flywheel, Shyster and Flywheel 8.00
Rogue Justice 8.30 The Taking Part
9.00 Clown’s Shoes 9.15 From Galway
to Graceland 10.00 Comedy Club
12.00 The Man Who Was Thursday
12.30am A Good Read 1.00 Rogue
Justice 1.30 The Taking Part 2.00 Expo
58 2.15 Shakespeare’s Restless World
2.30 Good News 2.45 Catch Me If You
Can 3.00 The Idiot 4.00 Just a Minute
4.30 King Street Junior 5.00 Millport
5.30 - 6.00am The Unbelievable Truth
***
The Daily Telegraph Monday 23 April 2018
31
Today’s television
FV Freeview FS Freesat (AD) Audio description (R) Repeat (S) Subtitles (SL) In-vision signing
BBC Two
ITV
Channel 4
Channel 5
6.00 am Breakfast (S) 9.15 Rip Off
Britain: Food See What to watch
(S) 10.00 Homes Under the
Hammer (AD) (R) (S) 11.00 Heir
Hunters (S) 11.45 The Housing
Enforcers (S)
12.15 pm Bargain Hunt (AD) (S)
1.00 BBC News at One; Weather (S)
1.30 Regional News; Weather (S)
1.45 Doctors (AD) (S)
2.15 800 Words (AD) (S)
3.00 Escape to the Country (AD) (S)
3.45 Flipping Profit (AD) (S)
4.30 Flog It! (S)
5.15 Pointless (S)
6.00 BBC News at Six; Weather (S)
6.30 Regional News; Weather (S)
6.00 am Flog It! Trade Secrets (R) (S)
6.30 Heir Hunters (R) (S) 7.15
Health: Truth or Scare (R) (S) 8.00
Sign Zone: Hugh’s Wild West (AD)
(R) (S) (SL) 9.00 Victoria Derbyshire
(S) 10.00 Live Snooker: The World
Championship. The concluding
session of the match between Mark
Allen and Liam Highfield (S)
12.00 Daily Politics (S)
1.00 pm Live Snooker: The World
Championship Shaun Murphy v
Jamie Jones and Ding Junhui v Xiao
Guodong (S)
6.00 Eggheads (R) (S)
6.30 Britain in Bloom (S)
6.00 am Good Morning Britain (S) 8.30
Lorraine (S) 9.25 The Jeremy Kyle
Show (S) 10.30 This Morning (S)
12.30 pm Loose Women (S)
1.30 News; Weather (S)
1.55 Regional News; Weather (S)
2.00 Judge Rinder (S)
3.00 Tenable (S)
4.00 Tipping Point (S)
5.00 The Chase (S)
6.00 Regional News; Weather (S)
6.30 News; Weather (S)
6.00 am Countdown (R) (S) 6.45 3rd
Rock from the Sun (AD) (R) (S)
7.10 3rd Rock from the Sun (AD)
(R) (S) 7.35 Everybody Loves
Raymond (R) (S) 8.00 Everybody
Loves Raymond (R) (S) 8.30 Frasier
(R) (S) 9.00 Frasier (R) (S) 9.35
Frasier (R) (S) 10.05 Ramsay’s Hotel
Hell (AD) (R) (S) 11.00 Undercover
Boss USA (R) (S)
12.00 Channel 4 News (S)
12.05 pm Coast vs Country (AD) (R) (S)
1.05 Posh Pawnbrokers (R) (S)
2.10 Countdown (S)
3.00 A Place in the Sun: Home or Away
(R) (S)
4.00 Escape to the Chateau: DIY (AD) (S)
5.00 Four in a Bed (R) (S)
5.30 Buy It Now (S)
6.00 The Simpsons (AD) (R) (S)
6.30 Hollyoaks (AD) (R) (S)
6.00 am Milkshake! 9.15 The Wright Stuff
11.15 Can’t Pay? We’ll Take It Away!
(R) (S)
12.10 pm 5 News Lunchtime (S)
12.15 The Gadget Show (R) (S)
1.10 Access (S)
1.15 Home and Away (AD) (S)
1.45 Neighbours (AD) (S)
2.15 NCIS (AD) (R) (S)
3.15 FILM: Social Nightmare (2013, TVM)
Mystery thriller starring Kirsten
Prout (S)
5.00 5 News at 5 (S)
5.30 Neighbours (AD) (R) (S)
6.00 Home and Away (AD) (R) (S)
6.30 5 News Tonight (S)
Secret Agent Selection: WW2
Give It a Year: Karren Brady (left)
7.00 The One Show Presented
by Matt Baker (S)
7.30 Nightmare Pets SOS A couple who
are under attack from an unsociable
rabbit (AD) (S)
7.00 The Secret Helpers A single father
and a nurse seek advice. Last in the
series (AD) (S)
8.00 EastEnders A mystery woman
seeks Arshad’s help (AD) (S)
8.00 Only Connect The second
semi-final (S)
8.30 Panorama: Gangsters’ Dirty Money
Exposed A report on a Ukrainian
criminal gang (S)
8.30 University Challenge St John’s
College, Cambridge, take on Merton
College, Oxford, in the final (S)
9.00 DIY SOS: The Big Build The team
helps create a new home for a
Rotherham man who suffered a
brain injury (AD) (R) (S)
9.00 Secret Agent Selection: WW2
The students learn survival skills in
the Highlands See What to watch
(AD) (S)
10.00 BBC News at Ten (S)
10.30 Regional News; Weather (S)
10.45 Have I Got a Bit More News for You
Lee Mack hosts with guests Sara
Pascoe and Janet Street-Porter (S)
11.30 The Graham Norton Show
12.20- 6.00am News
S4C
10.00 QI With Sara Pascoe, Colin Lane
and Jimmy Carr (R) (S)
10.30 Newsnight (S)
11.15 Snooker: The World Championship
12.05am Snooker: World
Championship Extra 2.05 Sign
Zone: Countryfile 3.00 Sign Zone:
My Dad, the Peace Deal and Me
4.00 Sign Zone: Murder, Mystery
and My Family 4.45 - 6.00am
This Is BBC Two
7.00 Emmerdale Ross breaks into the
veterinary surgery (AD) (S)
8.00 Give It a Year A former Royal Marine
who started a woodland adventure
business (AD) (S)
8.30 Coronation Street Billy returns
from rehab (AD) (S)
9.00 The Real Camilla: HRH the
Duchess of Cornwall A year in
the life of the Duchess of Cornwall
See What to watch (S)
10.00 News; Weather (S)
10.30 Regional News; Weather (S)
10.45 The Investigator: A British Crime
Story A new murder threatens to
derail the investigation. Last in the
series (AD) (R) (S)
11.45 Last Laugh in Vegas 12.40am
Jackpot247 3.00 The Jeremy Kyle
Show 3.50 ITV Nightscreen 5.05 6.00am The Jeremy Kyle Show
Northern Ireland
BBC One:
7.30 - 8.00pm Home Ground
10.40 Keepin ’er Country
11.10 Have I Got a Bit More
News for You 11.55 The
Graham Norton Show 12.40 6.00am BBC News
BBC Two:
10.00 - 10.30pm Cumhacht
BBC Four
FV 9 FS 107 SKY 116 VIRGIN 107
12.00
1.00
1.30
2.05
pm Beyond 100 Days
Nature’s Microworlds
Turkey with Simon Reeve
Baku: An Art Lovers’ Guide
The Ottomans: Europe’s
Muslim Emperors
Dan Cruickshank: At Home
with the British
Turkey with Simon Reeve
am Top of the Pops: 1983
Top of the Pops: 1983
- 3.05am Baku: An Art
Lovers’ Guide
ITV2
10.20am The Bachelor 12.15pm
Emmerdale 12.45 Coronation Street
1.45 The Ellen DeGeneres Show 2.35
The Jeremy Kyle Show 5.50 Take Me Out
7.00 You’ve Been Framed! Gold 8.00
Two and a Half Men 9.00 Family Guy
9.30 American Dad! 10.00 Plebs 10.30
Family Guy 11.30 American Dad! 12.00
The Cleveland Show 12.30am Two and
a Half Men 1.25 Release the Hounds
2.25-5.55am Teleshopping
E4
Noon The Goldbergs 1.00pm The Big
Bang Theory 2.00 How I Met Your
Mother 3.00 New Girl 4.00 Brooklyn
Nine-Nine 5.00 The Goldbergs 6.00 The
Big Bang Theory 7.00 Hollyoaks 7.30
Extreme Cake Makers 8.00 The Big Bang
Theory 8.30 Young Sheldon 9.00 Made
in Chelsea 10.00 Don’t Tell the Bride
Ireland 11.05 The Big Bang Theory
12.05am Tattoo Fixers 1.10 Made in
Chelsea 2.10 Don’t Tell the Bride Ireland
3.05-4.00am First Dates
More4
11.35am Four in a Bed 2.10pm Come
Dine with Me 4.50 A Place in the Sun:
Summer Sun 5.50 Ugly House to Lovely
House with George Clarke 6.55 The Secret
Life of the Zoo 7.55 Grand Designs 9.00
ITV3
FV 10 FS 115 SKY 119 VIRGIN 117
10.25 am FILM: Agatha Christie’s
Sparkling Cyanide (2003)
Murder mystery starring
Pauline Collins
12.30 pm The Royal
1.35 Heartbeat
2.40 Classic Coronation Street
3.45 On the Buses
4.55 You’re Only Young Twice
5.20 George and Mildred
5.55 Heartbeat
7.00 Murder, She Wrote
8.00 Lewis
10.00 DCI Banks
11.00 DCI Banks
12.05 am Scott & Bailey
1.10 Scott & Bailey
2.00 ITV3 Nightscreen
2.30 - 6.00am Teleshopping
Building Giants: World’s Tallest Church
10.00 Car SOS 11.00 8 Out of 10 Cats
Does Countdown 12.05am Ramsay’s
Kitchen Nightmares USA 1.00 Building
Giants: World’s Tallest Church 2.05
8 Out of 10 Cats Does Countdown
3.10-3.50am 8 Out of 10 Cats Uncut
Dave
Noon American Pickers 1.00pm Top
Gear 3.00 Sin City Motors 4.00 Steve
Austin’s Broken Skull Challenge 5.00 Top
Gear 6.00 Room 101 6.40 Would I Lie to
You? 8.00 Cop Car Workshop 9.00 Live
at the Apollo 10.00 The Best of Dara O
Briain’s Go 8 Bit 11.00 Taskmaster
12.00 QI 1.20am Mock the Week
2.00 QI 3.15 Parks and Recreation
3.35-4.00am The Indestructibles
Sky Sports Main Event
10.00am Live ATP Tennis. The Barcelona
Open 3.00pm Live Indian Premier
League. Delhi Daredevils v Kings XI
Punjab 7.00 Live MNF. Everton v
Newcastle United (kick-off 8.00pm)
11.00 Sky Sports News 1.00-4.15am
Live WWE Late Night Raw
Sky Sports Premier
League
Noon Premier League 100 Club
12.30pm Premier League Highlights
 Otto Preminger’s big-budget
adaptation of Leon Uris’s bestseller
about the founding of the modern
state of Israel in 1948 is an
accomplished piece of film-making.
A Jewish paramilitary smuggles
more than 600 detained Holocaust
survivors onto a cargo vessel and
makes an illegal crossing to Palestine.
Paul Newman and Eva Marie Saint star
with a script by blacklisted writer
Dalton Trumbo.
The Sum of All Fears (2002)
7.30 Coronation Street Gary tries to help
David (AD) (S)
SKY ONE, 9.00PM ★★★★★
8.00 Holidays Unpacked New series
See What to watch (AD) (S)
8.30 Travel Man: 48 Hours on the Cote
d’Azur See What to watch (AD) (S)
9.00 The Island with Bear Grylls The
two teams go on a joint hunting
expedition (AD) (S)
8.00 Police Interceptors Officers race to
stop a drink-driver heading the
wrong way up the M6 (R) (S)
9.00 Paddington Station 24/7 A broken
down train causes major disruption
during the morning rush hour (S)
10.00 Kiss Me First Adrian closes Red Pill
down (AD) (S)
11.00 999: What’s Your Emergency?
12.05am First Dates 1.00 Lee and
Dean 1.30 I Don’t Like Mondays 2.25
Hidden Restaurants with Michel
Roux Jr 3.20 Come Dine Champion
of Champions 4.15 Building the
Dream 5.10 Steph and Dom’s One
Star to Five Star 5.40 - 6.00am
Kirstie’s Vintage Gems
 After Alec Baldwin and
Harrison Ford, Ben Affleck is the
third actor to play CIA analyst
Jack Ryan, hero of Tom Clancy’s
bestsellers. He teams up with
Morgan Freeman and Liev Schreiber
to find a missing nuclear bomb
before it can be detonated on
American soil in this efficient
action thriller, which is lifted
out of the humdrum by a
sensational climax.
10.00 Fergie vs Wenger: The Feud
The rivalry between Alex Ferguson
and Arsene Wenger (S)
11.05 Criminals Caught on Camera
12.05am America’s Toughest
Prisons 1.00 SuperCasino 3.10
Portillo’s Hidden History of Britain
4.00 Tattoo Disasters UK 4.25
Tattoo Disasters UK 4.45 House
Doctor 5.10 Wildlife SOS
5.35 - 6.00am House Doctor
Middle Men (2009)
FILM4, 11.35PM ★★★
an Cheoil
UTV:
8.00 - 8.30pm Paul and Nick’s
Big Food Trip New Zealand
10.45 View from Stormont
11.45 The Investigator: A
British Crime Story 12.40am
Teleshopping 2.10 - 3.00am
ITV Nightscreen
Scotland
BBC One:
7.30 - 8.00pm Landward
BBC Two:
No variations
STV:
8.00 - 8.30pm The People’s
History Show 10.30 Scotland
Tonight 11.05 The
Investigator: A British Crime
Story 12.05am Teleshopping
1.05 After Midnight 2.35 ITV
Nightscreen 4.05 The Jeremy
Kyle Show 5.00 - 6.00am
Teleshopping
Wales
BBC One:
7.30 - 8.00pm Sam &
Shauna’s Big Cook Out 8.30 -
9.00 The Crash Detectives
10.40 Panorama: Gangsters’
Dirty Money Exposed 11.10
Have I Got a Bit More News
for You 12.00 The Graham
Norton Show 12.55 - 6.00am
BBC News
BBC Two:
No variations
ITV Wales:
6.00 - 6.30pm ITV News
Wales at Six 8.00 - 8.30 Wales
This Week 10.45 Sharp End
11.45 - 12.40am The
Investigator: A British Crime
Story
Nightscreen
ITV Regions
No variations, except:
ITV Channel:
12.40 - 3.00am ITV
FV Freeview FS Freesat (AD) Audio description (R) Repeat (S) Subtitles (SL) In-vision signing
Freeview, satellite and cable
11.00
7.00 MotoGP Highlights The MotoGP
Grand Prix of the Americas (S)
7.00 Channel 4 News (S)
5SPIKE, 11.55AM ★★★★
Paddington Station 24/7
Variations
6.00am Cyw 12.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd
12.05pm Teithiau Tramor Iolo 12.30 Ar Werth 1.00
Celwydd Noeth 1.30 Codi Hwyl 2.00 Newyddion S4C a’r
Tywydd 2.05 Prynhawn Da 3.00 Newyddion S4C a’r
Tywydd 3.05 Pengelli 3.30 Byd Pws 4.00 Awr Fawr
5.00 Stwnsh 6.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 6.05
Y Ty Arian 7.00 Heno 8.00 Pobol y Cwm 8.25 Garddio
a Mwy 9.00 Newyddion 9 a’r Tywydd 9.30 Ffermio
10.00 Ffit Cymru 11.00 - 11.35pm Mike Phillips a’r
Senghenydd Sirens
7.00
7.30
8.00
9.00
10.00
Travel Man: 48 Hours on the Cote d’Azur
Exodus (1960)
REX
EastEnders: Maisie Smith
REX
BBC One
Film choice
REX
Main channels
ITV4
FV 24 FS 117 SKY 120 VIRGIN 118
11.40
12.45
1.50
2.50
3.50
4.55
6.00
7.00
7.30
7.55
8.30
9.00
11.20
1.25
2.20
2.50
3.00
am The Avengers
pm Ironside
Quincy ME
Minder
The Saint
The Avengers
Cash Cowboys
Pawn Stars
Pawn Stars
Merry Christmas Mr Bean
Mr Bean
FILM: Jaws 2 (1978)
Thriller with Roy Scheider
pm FILM: Maximum
Conviction (2012)
am Motorsport UK
The Protectors
ITV4 Nightscreen
- 6.00am Teleshopping
4.30 Best PL Goals: Chelsea v Arsenal
5.00 Soccer AM: The Best Bits 5.30
Premier League Highlights 7.00 Live
MNF. Everton v Newcastle United
(kick-off 8.00pm) 11.00 Premier League
100 Club 11.30 Soccer AM: The Best
Bits 12.00 MNF Pre Match 1.00am
MNF 1.30 Best PL Goals: Liverpool v
Man Utd 2.00 Premier League Highlights
3.00-4.00am MNF Pre Match
BT Sport 1
Noon Vanarama National League
Highlights 12.30pm Uefa Champions
League Magazine 1.00 Premier League
Review 2.00 Live WTA Tennis. Day one of
the Porsche Tennis Grand Prix in Stuttgart
4.00 Formula E: Street Racers 4.30 30
for 30 Shorts 4.45 30 for 30 Shorts
5.00 NBA High Tops: Plays of the Month
5.30 NBA 7.00 The WRC Magazine 7.30
Live WTA Tennis. Day one of the Porsche
Tennis Grand Prix in Stuttgart 9.30
Fishing 10.30 UK’s Strongest Man 11.30
MotoGP 12.30am Ladbrokes SPFL
Highlights 1.00 30 for 30 3.00 NBA
High Tops: Plays of the Month 3.306.00am Live NBA. Utah Jazz v Oklahoma
City Thunder (Tip-off 3.30am)
History
Noon Project Impossible 1.00pm Pawn
Stars 2.00 American Pickers 3.00
Counting Cars 4.00 Storage Wars 5.30
Sky One
SKY 106 VIRGIN 110
Sky Atlantic
SKY 108
Film4
FV 15 FS 300 SKY 315 VIRGIN 428
NCIS: Los Angeles
pm Hawaii Five-0
NCIS: Los Angeles
Stargate SG-1
The Simpsons
Futurama
The Simpsons
Supergirl
FILM: The Sum of All Fears
(2002) Action thriller with
Ben Affleck and Morgan
Freeman See Film choice
The Force: North-East
am Brit Cops: Frontline
Crime UK
Ross Kemp: Extreme World
Most Shocking
- 4.00am Duck Quacks
Don’t Echo
1.00 pm Without a Trace
2.00 Making David Attenborough’s
Flying Monsters
3.00 The West Wing
5.00 House
7.00 CSI: Crime Scene
Investigation
8.00 Blue Bloods
9.00 Westworld
See What to watch
10.20 West:Word
10.50 Last Week Tonight
with John Oliver
11.25 The Circus: Inside the
Wildest Political Show on
Earth
12.00 Westworld
1.20 am Divorce
1.55 - 2.30am Crashing
11.00 am The Mouse That Roared
(1959) Comedy
12.40 pm Angel and the Badman
(1947, b/w) Western
2.45 The Night of the Grizzly
(1966) Western
4.50 The Hound of the
Baskervilles (1959)
Sherlock Holmes mystery
starring Peter Cushing
6.30 The Book Thief (2013)
Drama with Sophie Nelisse
9.00 Mission: Impossible – Rogue
Nation (2015) Spy thriller
sequel starring Tom Cruise
11.35 Middle Men (2009)
Comedy drama with Luke
Wilson See Film choice
1.45 - 4.00am Arbitrage (2012)
Pawn Stars 6.00 Forged in Fire 7.00
American Pickers 8.00 Storage Wars
8.30 Pawn Stars 9.00 James Nesbitt:
Disasters That Changed Britain 10.00
Project Impossible 11.00 The Lowe Files
12.00 Martin Luther King – Marked Man
1.00am JFK Declassified: The New Files
2.00 Storage Wars 2.30 Pawn Stars
3.00-4.00am Ancient Aliens
battle between a mysterious gunslinger
and a sinister sorcerer. Fantasy adventure
starring Idris Elba and Matthew
McConaughey 9.40 Rough Night (2017)
Comedy starring Scarlett Johansson
11.25 The House (2017) Comedy
starring Will Ferrell and Amy Poehler
1.10am Just Charlie (2017) Drama
starring Harry Gilby 3.10-5.10am
Growing Up Smith (2015) Comedy
starring Jason Lee
(1973) Drama starring David Essex
10.45 Stardust (1974) A rock idol
discovers fame comes at a price. Drama
sequel starring David Essex, Adam
Faith, Larry Hagman and Keith Moon
1.05am Conspiracy Theory with Jesse
Ventura 3.00-5.30am Hollywood’s
Best Film Directors
Noon
1.00
3.00
4.00
5.00
5.30
6.30
8.00
9.00
11.20
12.20
1.15
2.10
3.05
Sky Arts
Noon The Seventies 1.00pm
Discovering: Ingrid Bergman 2.00
Watercolour Challenge 2.30 The
Adventurers of Modern Art 3.30 Tales of
the Unexpected 4.00 Trailblazers: Pop
Videos 5.00 The Seventies 6.00
Discovering: Ginger Rogers 7.00 Auction
7.30 Discovering: The Eagles 8.00
Landscape Artist of the Year 2017 9.00
Andre Rieu: How It All Began 10.00 Tate
Britain’s Great Art Walks 11.00 The
South Bank Show Originals 12.00 Hard
Beauty: Helaine Blumenfeld 1.05am
Monty Python: Almost the Truth 2.20
Psychob*****s 2.45-4.30am Joan Baez:
How Sweet the Sound
Sky Cinema Premiere
24 hours, including at:
5.50pm The Wizard – An American
Wrestler (2016) Premiere. Drama
starring George Kosturos 8.00 The Dark
Tower (2017) A young lad is caught in a
PBS America
Noon The Vikings Uncovered 1.10pm
1945: The Year that Changed the World
2.15 Sputnik Declassified 3.20 The Gang
Crackdown 4.35 The Vikings Uncovered
5.45 1945: The Year that Changed the
World 6.45 Sputnik Declassified 7.55
The Aviators 9.00 Spitfire: The Birth of a
Legend 9.55 Spitfire Women 11.10 The
Aviators 12.25am Spitfire: The Birth
of a Legend 1.30 Walks Around Britain
2.00-6.00am Teleshopping
TCM
24 hours, including at:
4.45pm The Pearl of Death (1944, b/w)
Sherlock Holmes mystery starring Basil
Rathbone 6.05 Sherlock Holmes and the
Spider Woman (1944, b/w) Mystery
starring Basil Rathbone 7.15 Day of
the Evil Gun (1968) Western starring
Glenn Ford 9.00 That’ll Be the Day
GOLD
11.55am The Green Green Grass
12.30pm As Time Goes By 1.10 Waiting
for God 1.50 Only Fools and Horses 3.00
Last of the Summer Wine 5.00 As Time
Goes By 5.40 The Green Green Grass
6.20 Dad’s Army 7.00 You Rang, M’Lord?
8.00 Dad’s Army 8.40 Only Fools and
Horses 9.20 Blackadder the Third 10.00
Upstart Crow 10.40 Mrs Brown’s Boys
11.20 Bridget & Eamon 11.55 Come Fly
with Me 1.15am Blackadder the Third
1.55 Upstart Crow 2.25 Come Fly with
Me 3.00-4.00am Harry Hill’s TV Burp
Vintage TV
11.00am Monday Melodies 1.00pm My
Mixtape 2.00 Defining Decades 5.00
Tune In… To 1990 6.00 Tune In… To
1994 7.00 Tune In… To 1981 8.00 All
England 9.00 London Calling 10.00 First
Bass 10.30 Live With… Dirty Thrills
11.00 New Vintage 12.00 The Night
Shift 3.00-6.00am Neil McCormick’s
Needle Time
 Goodfellas meets Boogie Nights in
this account of a straight-arrow Texas
businessman who in the Nineties helps
set up the first paid internet porn site.
George Gallo, who co-wrote and
directed, is no Scorsese, and Luke
Wilson, narrating, is no De Niro, but
it’s an entertaining albeit sleazy ride,
and Giovanni Ribisi and Gabriel Macht
are a hoot as the two losers who
stumble across the internet’s first big
moneymaking scheme.
32
***
Monday 23 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
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