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The Daily Telegraph - April 24, 2018

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Tuesday 24 April 2018
No 50,675 £ 1.80
Then there were three Souvenir eight-page supplement to celebrate the birth of the royal baby
B R I TA I N ’ S B E S T - S E L L I N G Q U A L I T Y D A I LY
Welcome to the
family: a new
prince for the
Duke and Duchess
of Cambridge
Reports, pages 2-5
9 *ujöeöu#yxc,xb* ÊÁË×
Hannah Furness
Pages 2-3
Kate Williams
Page 4
Judith Woods
Tuesday 24 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
The new prince
With the smallest of
snuffles, Baby Cambridge
says hello to the world
Hannah Furness
sees well-wishers
cheer and social
media go crazy
for the sleeping
St George’s Day
he Duke of Cambridge
was bursting with pride,
the Duchess clearly
besotted. And the third
Cambridge baby? Fast
asleep, but seemingly
secure of his new place in the world.
The newborn prince signalled his
arrival with three tiny fingers as he
made his public debut in the arms of
his mother.
And while his newborn son was
oblivious to the excitement he had
caused, the Duke embarked on his
new life with three children with no
illusions, holding up three fingers and
joking his enlarged brood would give
him “thrice the worry now”.
The baby prince, a younger brother
to Prince George and Princess
Charlotte, was born at 11.01am
yesterday, weighing 8lb 7oz. The
newborn, whose name had last night
not yet been announced, was lulled to
sleep in his mother’s arms as she
cooed “Hello” and wrapped him up
closely against the cold wind.
The Duke and Duchess, rarely
anything less than poised, appeared
old hands at parenting, walking down
the steps of the Lindo Wing a mere
seven hours after their son was born,
to greet well-wishers.
Prince George and Princess
Charlotte, the stars of the show as they
marched up to the hospital for a visit,
were “very happy” to meet their little
brother, the Duke said, proclaiming
the young family “delighted”. As a
nervous George held his father’s hand,
Charlotte walked proudly along the
street outside the hospital, waving to
the cameras and turning at the last
second as she climbed the stairs to the
door to unwittingly ensure they
caught her beaming smile.
The Duchess, wearing a red Jenny
Packham dress much like the one
worn by Diana, Princess of Wales as
she left hospital with a baby Prince
Harry, carried history in her arms: the
first royal baby boy not to leapfrog his
elder sister in the line of succession.
Not that the new prince was aware
of any of it, emitting the smallest of
snuffles as he was paraded before the
watching world, strapped gently into a
car seat and taken home.
The public would learn the baby’s
name soon, the Duke told the waiting
media, joking: “We didn’t keep you
waiting too long this time.”
And they hadn’t. While the build-up
to her first baby had been nicknamed
the Great Kate Wait, there was no such
moniker the third time around, with
the Duchess going into labour with
remarkable timing – the birth missed
the key week of Commonwealth
meetings so important to the Royal
family, allowed the Queen to celebrate
her 92nd birthday and took place in
time for the royal parents to celebrate
their own wedding anniversary on
April 29.
The prince’s birthday had an extra
national significance, falling on St
George’s Day.
Around 6am, in the early stages of
labour, the Duchess had arrived
unnoticed by the public at St Mary’s
Hospital, Paddington, with her
husband to support her.
At 8.24am, Kensington Palace
announced that a baby was on its way,
before at 1pm the official confirmation
of the arrival of the new prince, the
fifth in line to the throne.
He was the heaviest baby born to a
senior member of the Royal family in
recent history, surpassing Prince
George at 8lb 6oz, Prince William at
7lb 1.5oz in 1982, and Prince Charles at
7lb 6oz in 1948.
In an official statement, the Palace
proclaimed: “Her Royal Highness The
Duchess of Cambridge was safely
delivered of a son at 11:01 hours.
“The Queen, the Duke of
Edinburgh, the Prince of Wales, the
Duchess of Cornwall, Prince Harry
and members of both families have
been informed and are delighted with
the news.” Mother and son, it added,
were “both doing well”. As news
filtered into inboxes, over Twitter and
through excited word of mouth, the
narrow pavements around the Lindo
Wing thronged with excited
The die-hard royalists, some of
whom had been camping outside the
hospital for two weeks, popped
champagne corks and struck up with
shouts of “three cheers”.
The Union flags were held aloft, a
doll dressed in blue for a boy was
brandished in triumph, and a fancydress town crier jostled to the front to
read his self-proclaimed “official”
If the Duchess cared to open her
window, she could have been
serenaded with a rousing rendition of
God Save The Queen or, as the day
unfolded, a lone republican protester
with a megaphone.
Among the crowds was John
Loughrey, 63, who claimed he had
been waiting outside for more than
two weeks to be first in line to catch a
glimpse of the new arrival.
“We’ve been here for 15 days and
I’m ready to go home but it’s been absolutely worth it,” he said. “It’s such an
honour to be here and I’m so excited.”
During the two-week wait, Mr
Loughrey and his fellow fans were provided with showers and porridge from
the hospital, and also used their new
spare time to run errands for patients.
With social media in overdrive, the
Palace reverted to tradition: placing a
bulletin with news of the birth on an
easel displayed outside Buckingham
Palace at 2.30pm.
Carried by footman Heather
McDonald and senior footman Olivia
Smith, the framed notice continued a
custom that has gone on for at least as
long as the palace has been the
Sovereign’s official residence – since
The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 24 April 2018
Welcome to the
world The Duke and
Duchess of Cambridge
on the steps of the
Lindo Wing of St
Mary’s Hospital after
the birth of their third
child. The prince,
sound asleep in his
mother’s arms, is now
the fifth in line to the
throne, pushing back
Prince Harry but the
first in history to not
leapfrog his elder
sister. The prince was
born at 11.01am and
weighed 8lb 7oz.
1837. A large Union flag was raised over
the Palace and a Royal Standard flown
over Windsor Castle.
Congratulatory messages and warm
wishes flooded in from around the
world, with the news announced in
the House of Commons.
Theresa May, the Prime Minister,
sent her “warmest congratulations to
the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge
on the birth of their baby boy”, adding:
“I wish them great happiness for the
Justin Welby, the Archbishop of
Canterbury, said: “Congratulations to
the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge
on the safe delivery of their baby, a
brother for Prince George and
Princess Charlotte. May God bless
them and all of their children with
love, happiness and health.”
Jeremy Corbyn, the Labour leader,
said: “Congratulations to Kate and
William on the birth of their baby boy.
I wish them all the very best.”
Only two opinions really mattered,
though: Prince George, who was at
school when his brother was born, and
Princess Charlotte, who had spent the
morning at nursery.
Mid-afternoon, the Duke emerged
from the doors of the Lindo Wing,
assuring well-wishers he would be
back soon, after telling the two elder
children about their new sibling.
As good as his word, he was soon
seen driving back down the road with
two familiar faces in the back seat.
Prince George, much taller than the
last time he was photographed in his
school uniform, seemed shy, staring at
the floor and readjusting his shorts as
he held his father’s hand. The Princess,
who will turn three on May 2, was in
her element, waving cheerfully as she
strode down the street.
Queen… and
members of
have been
and are
with the
After spending time inside, meeting
their brother and no doubt receiving
encouraging cuddles from their
mother, the children were taken home
to Kensington Palace to prepare for the
baby’s homecoming.
At 6pm, the Duke and Duchess
emerged in person.
Wrapped in a shawl from GH Hurt
and Son Ltd, the company which
provided similar wraps for George,
Charlotte and the infant Prince
William himself, the unnamed
newborn made his first public
The Duke and Duchess, by now old
hands at the Lindo Wing photoshoot,
beamed at one another in the spring
chill, waving to the crowd across the
street and delighting the hospital
patients and nurses hanging out of
the building’s windows to catch a
glimpse of their departure.
The Duchess stroked the baby’s
cheek, patting him every now and
again to soothe him through the
extraordinary moment.
After ensuring everyone had time to
see them, the trio turned to go back
inside, strapping the baby into a car
seat ready for the journey home.
Unlike the arrival of Prince George,
when the Duke caused amusement
with his fumbling to fix the baby seat
in the car, this departure went
flawlessly, and the new father-of-three
stopped for a moment to answer
questions from the media before
driving his wife and son home.
Michelle Obama last night shared a
photo of her and husband Barack
meeting Prince George, in which the
‘Their Royal
would like
to thank all
staff at the
hospital for
the care and
Place your bets The favourites and odds for the baby’s name
Other names
A middle name
of the Prince of
Wales, the Duke
of Cambridge,
and George VI,
the Queen’s
father. Harks
back to King
Arthur, the
mythical leader
of the knights of
the Round Table.
A lasting tribute
to the Duke of
might see a
Prince Philip of
Cambridge. Both
Prince Charles
and Prince
William have
Philip as a
middle name.
Prince Adolphus
Frederick, the
first Duke of
Cambridge, lived
from 1774 to 1850
and was a son of
George III. He
was apparently
very fond of
church services
by bellowing out
“By all means” if
the priest said
“Let us pray”.
Prince William
may want to pay
tribute to his
father – but
perhaps as a
middle name, as
it may be
considered too
similar to
James could be
chosen to signify
the Duchess’s
affection for her
brother, James
William has a
cousin James,
Viscount Severn.
Looks back to
two kings, and
five earlier kings
of Scotland
The couple could
choose William,
but also perhaps
Michael, out of
respect for the
Duchess’s father.
Her grandfathers
were called Peter
and Ronald.
Thomas also
appears several
times in the
Duchess’s family
tree as does
youngster was wearing a dressing
gown. She wrote on Twitter: “Barack
and I are thrilled to congratulate the
Duke and Duchess of Cambridge on
their newest arrival! We hope to meet
him soon for a Kensington Palace
pajama [sic] party. I’ll wear my robe!”
The new baby’s name will be
announced in the coming days, with
Arthur, Philip, James, Frederick and
Albert the frontrunners, according to
the bookmakers.
Naturally, the Duchess will now
largely disappear from public duties
to take maternity leave until the
autumn, with royal sources
confirming the Duke, too, will be
focusing on his young family in the
coming weeks.
Prince George will remain at school
and Princess Charlotte will continue
at her Kensington nursery, with the
children’s nanny, Maria Borrallo, on
hand to help the Duchess with her
growing brood.
There are no plans to employ
additional staff at present.
While settling in to life with a
newborn is a challenge for even the
most composed of mothers, the
Duchess has an additional hurdle on
her hands. On May 19, in less than a
month, she is expected to re-emerge
in front of the world’s cameras at the
wedding of her brother-in-law Prince
Harry and Meghan Markle.
The young Prince and Princess are
expected to take centre stage in the
wedding party, with their baby
brother potentially joining in the
celebrations in the arms of his mother.
For now, though, the Duchess’s
duties will consist only of settling into
life as a family of five.
The baby, who will be known as His
Royal Highness Prince [Name] of
Cambridge, shares a birthday with
William Shakespeare, and also, in the
extended Royal family, Lady Gabriella
Windsor, the daughter of Prince and
Princess Michael of Kent.
The new prince is the Queen and
the Duke of Edinburgh’s sixth
great-grandchild. Kensington Palace
said: “Their Royal Highnesses would
like to thank all staff at the hospital for
the care and treatment they received.
They would also like to thank
everyone for their warm wishes.”
The senior medical team that
looked after the Duchess during her
labour were named by Kensington
Palace, with Guy Thorpe-Beeston,
surgeon gynaecologist to the Royal
household, and consultant
gynaecologist Alan Farthing, surgeon
gynaecologist to the Queen, joined by
two familiar colleagues.
Dr Sunit Godambe, a consultant
neonatologist at Imperial College NHS
Trust, which runs St Mary’sl, was part
of the group that cared for the
Duchess during her previous two
births alongside Mr Farthing and Mr
Prof Huw Thomas, physician to the
Queen and head of the medical
household, completed the team. He
was also involved with the birth of
Princess Charlotte.
As the Cambridge family settle in at
home, they are expected to receive
visitors including the Middleton
family, the Prince of Wales and
Duchess of Cornwall, and their
Kensington Palace neighbours Prince
Harry and Ms Markle.
The Queen, who is at Windsor
Castle, is being kept informed of her
great-grandson’s progress.
Editorial Comment: Page 19
Tuesday 24 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
The new prince
Baby prince’s first achievement is to
The third little Cambridge
is first child to be born
since Act that secured girls’
place in line of succession
By Robert Mendick CHIEF REPORTER
Cambridge’s third child won’t know it
yet but he made history yesterday
by becoming the first prince not to
leapfrog an older sister in the direct
line of succession.
The baby boy is fifth in line to the
throne, one place below his big sister,
Princess Charlotte, in the royal pecking order. A change in the law in 2013
brought to an end hundreds of years of
sex discrimination within the Royal
family, overhauling the rule that, until
then, meant male siblings took precedence over females.
The Succession to the Crown Act
2013 replaced male primogeniture with
“absolute” primogeniture, abolishing
the precedence given to male royals.
The new baby is the first prince to be
born into the Royal family since the
constitutional change.
As a consequence, Princess Charlotte, now aged two, remains fourth in
line to ascend to the throne. The law
‘It was
the right
thing to
do to
was in place when the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge’s first child was born
in July 2013 – but the arrival of a firstborn son, Prince George, meant that it
did not have an immediate impact.
Vernon Bogdanor, professor of government at King’s College London, and
author of The Monarchy and The Constitution, said history had none the less
been made with the birth of the baby
“This is the first time the change in
the law has taken affect,” he said. “In
the days of gender equality, it was felt
that you could not have a boy succeeding over a girl. It was absolutely the
right thing to do to modernise the mon-
archy. It would have been perverse to
continue with gender discrimination.”
Penny Junor, a royal biographer and
commentator, said: “It is absolutely
fantastic that Princess Charlotte is not
being overtaken in the line of succession. It is absolutely right that an outdated law on male primogeniture is
over. This has brought the royals kicking and screaming into the 21st century, and makes them interesting
again. They need to stay interesting to
stay relevant.”
Ms Junor, whose latest biography is
the “untold story” of the Duchess of
Cornwall, said it was unclear whether
the Royal family had supported the law
‘This has
brought the
kicking and
into the 21st
century, and
makes them
change that benefits Princess Charlotte. “I would certainly think Princess
Anne backed it.”
The Princess Royal, now 13th in line,
would, under the 2013 Act, have leapfrogged her younger brothers. Her
children and grandchildren would also
have benefited. However, the law did
not change anything for older generations, so the Queen’s second child will
remain behind her siblings, the Duke
of York and the Earl of Wessex.
Of other younger members of the
Royal family, James, Viscount Severn,
the younger child of the Earl and Countess of Wessex, entered the line of succession ahead of his sister, Lady Louise
Dressing for the occasion
The Duchess of Cambridge’s red shift dress
with a white lace Peter Pan collar was by
Jenny Packham, one of the Duchess’s
favourites. Her choice mirrored the style
legacy of the late Diana, Princess of Wales,
pictured above in a Jan Van Velden coat and
dress leaving the Lindo Wing with a baby
Prince Harry in 1984.
It’s not hard to imagine that the third Cambridge might surprise us all
History of the royal third
By Kate Williams
Everybody knows the phrase “an heir
and a spare” – but what about the
“royal third”? Set to be fifth in the line
of succession, the third child of the
Duke and Duchess of Cambridge is
very unlikely to ever come to the
throne – and when George and
Charlotte themselves have children,
he will be pushed even further down
the tree.
So what does history tell us about
the role of the royal third? And what
might the new prince be able to learn
from those who have been before him?
Traditionally, the third has tended
to be the charm. Among the third
children in our nation’s past are
Henry VIII, Edward VI, James II and
William IV.
Back then, life expectancy not being
what it is today, the third had a better
chance of inheriting. Indeed, three
was deemed a riskily small royal
family. Thus Queen Charlotte, wife of
George III, gave birth to 15 children.
Queen Victoria had nine, and might
have given birth to more had Prince
Albert not died. Charles I and
Henrietta Maria also produced nine.
Added to this were various illegitimate
offspring – Charles II had so many that
taxpayers complained at having to
support them.
The golden era of the royal third
was the Tudor period. Henry VIII was
a solid number three: not cherished by
his parents and some distance from
the throne. But this stood him in good
stead when – after
er his elder
brother Arthur died – he
leapfrogged his middle
sister Margaret, according
to the laws of
primogeniture, and
ascended to the throne.
While his brother
ther had
been schooled in
n the art
of government, the child
Henry had been sent to
Eltham Palace, outside
London. It meant
nt that,
by the time he became
monarch, however,
ver, he
knew how to fight
ht for
Prince Andrew,
seated next to the
Duke of Edinburgh,
was the last
‘royal third’
what he wanted, took nothing for
granted and was constantly on guard.
He set about breaking from Rome and
taking wives – including Catherine of
Aragon, Arthur’s widow.
But it was William IV, the third son
of George III, who was perhaps the
most influential royal third in British
history; widely credited with paving
the way for the modern British
monarchy as we know it today.
With little pressure to prepare
for the throne, William joined the
Royal Navy and served in the
American War of Independence.
Charming and affable, with no need
to produce an heir, he was known for
his partying and vocal interest in
But, in 1830, aged 64 – having
outlived his two older brothers
George IV and Prince Frederick, Duke
of York – he became king; the oldest
come to the throne (so far).
monarch to c
He provided
provid another lesson for
a irational royal number threes:
stay alive the longest and you might
reap the rewards.
This is not just a
numbers gam
game, though. The royal
number three has, traditionally, had to
find a way of making him or herself
even eccentric, to stand
i ividual, e
Take Queen Victoria’s third
c ld Princess Alice. She took
a keen
ke interest in medical
issu and alarmed her
with her fascination
wit gynaecology – the
told her younger
Princess Louise
to be “very silent and
about your
interior” aaround her sister. She
eventually married
Prince Louis of
Hesse and is the Duke of Edinburgh’s
And so to the most recent royal
third, Prince Andrew. His mother, the
Queen, has always been devoted to
him but, as his older brothers have
neither caught tuberculosis, been
killed in battle nor imprisoned in the
Tower, he has only the tiniest
likelihood of ever coming to the
throne. This has made life less
“In the office sweepstake
on the royal baby name
I got ‘Vladimir’ ”
pressured growing up. Today, a royal
third can more easily hide behind their
siblings. Yet, following Andrew’s birth
in 1960, it had seemed like the days of
the royal third might be over. Since
then, all the other royals have had just
two children apiece – the Cambridges
are the first to have three for 59 years.
The Duchess herself is, of course, the
eldest of three and we know how close
she is to her sister and brother. They
are her support system, and no doubt
she hopes for the same dynamic
among her own children.
A friend once told me that she
wouldn’t consider having a third
because, “with three, there’s always an
odd one out; a bit of a funny one.” Has
that been true for the royals?
Undeniably, there have been all sorts
of odd ones out over the centuries, but
for many more reasons than birth
order. In fact, more often than not,
number three has tended to end up on
top. And, as a royal third in a very
modern monarchy, it’s not hard to
imagine that the new little prince
might just do something very
surprising indeed.
uKate Williams’s new series, The
Stuarts: A Bloody Reign, starts on
Yesterday on April 26.
The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 24 April 2018
make history for royal gender equality
Down the pecking order But Prince Andrew can now remarry without asking for Queen’s permission
One of the
of yesterday’s
birth is that
the Duke of
York – should
he desire to do
so – can now
marry for a
second time
having to ask
for permission
from the
Queen. Prince
Andrew slips
down to
seventh in the
line of
succession to
the throne
and in so
doing does not
need his
permission to
marry. The
same 2013
that ended the
right of
younger males
to succeed
over older
siblings also
brought to an
end the need
for all
to seek the
permission if
they have
plans to
According to
the Succession
to the Crown
Act 2013, only
the first six
people in line
to the throne
require the
consent. The
Duke lives at
the Royal
Lodge at
under the
same roof as
his former
wife Sarah,
Duchess of
York. They
remain close,
dismissed the
idea that the
couple could
marry for a
second time,
pointing out
that the
Queen is on
friendly terms
with the
Duchess of
York and
would never
have stood in
their way had
expressed a
wish to
re-marry. The
previous law,
which was
enshrined in
the Royal
Act of 1772,
stated that
anyone in
the royal
was required
to gain the
consent of the
before getting
The Act
stated that “a
descendant of
King George II
may marry
only with the
consent of the
Windsor, when he was born in 2007.
With yesterday’s birth, 10-year-old Viscount Severn dropped down to 11th in
line, while his sister, four years his senior, is now 12th. Prince Harry will be
pushed down to sixth, and next comes
the Duke of York, who was second in
line when he was born, although he is
highly unlikely to ever ascend the
throne given the number of people
ahead of him and their ages.
The Succession to the Crown Act,
which replaced the Act of Settlement
dating back to 1701, was passed by parliament in 2013 but all countries of
which the Queen is head of state
needed to pass legislation before it
‘In the days
of gender
equality, it
was felt
that you
could not
have a boy
over a girl’
took effect. In more than 300 years,
only twice has a younger male succeeded to the throne ahead of an older
sister – George III became king ahead
of his sister, Princess Augusta, in 1760
on the death of George II, while Edward VII succeeded to the throne on
the death of Queen Victoria, ahead of
his sister, Princess Victoria.
The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge’s third arrived less than four
weeks before the wedding of Prince
Harry and Meghan Markle on May 19 at
St George’s Chapel in Windsor Castle.
The ceremony will be followed by a
procession through Windsor and a
reception in the castle apartments.
In an echo of his ‘two
babies’ gesture after the
birth of Princess Charlotte,
the Duke holds up three
fingers as George and
Charlotte visit, the official
notice is displayed at the
Palace and the crew of
HMS Albion spell out the
word ‘Boy!’ on board
A lifestyle bombshell: confessions Why youngest children are the
from an outnumbered dad
rule-breakers in a family of five
Three changes everything
WHEN I told my mother that my wife
and I were expecting baby No 3, her
tone was a mix of dazzlement and fear:
“Three children under five!” Until that
point, I hadn’t actually considered this
prospect, having paid more attention
to buying new stereo speakers.
After the initial lifestyle bombshell,
raising one child felt manageable; even
when No 2 arrived, I was able to retain
something of my old life. But, as the
Duke and Duchess of Cambridge will
soon see, the birth of a third changes
No more reading. No nights out with
the lads. I was now on holding,
carrying, soothing or playing duty
every waking moment. I would
change nappies, peel off sodden
Babygrows and then squeak in a few
hours rest before 6am, when the
two-year-old would rouse the fouryear-old. I would herd them
downstairs to play and squabble, while
my wife slept or fed the youngest. This
By Phil Robinson
Having a ball with the kids: Phil Robinson
plays cricket with the youngsters
was a new dimension of exhaustion,
heightened by their crashing into
every sharp corner, or dialling 999.
The struggle to keep everyone alive
was a far cry from the curated life we
had designed for our first child. He ate
no sweets or chocolate until he was
two, attended baby massage, and
screen time was limited to two Bob the
Builder episodes per day. Our second
had seen a slight drop off in standards
– yes, more sugar – but No 3 might as
well have been raised by wolves.
Looking back, though, I wish I had
realised our situation – difficult,
demanding, wonderful, privileged –
was fleeting. Then, I didn’t find
fatherhood fun; I only really got into
my stride when they were older.
For me, the fathers befriended at
school and cricket clubs, with whom I
share successes and failures, have
been invaluable.
A man also finds out what kind of
father he has been programmed to be.
I discovered that a family is best run
like a team, not a police state, and that
if you want to be heard, speak softly.
It is important not to think of the
kids as an amorphous group, but as
three individuals who all need a
relationship with you.
My children are now 11, 13, and 16,
and when everyone’s getting along,
there is no one on the planet I would
rather hang out with. We go on road
trips, visits to nuclear bunkers and
castles, walks in forests.
Now that it’s fast disappearing, I
finally understand the value of
enjoying their childhood with them.
The power of birth order
By Linda Blair
THE arrival of the Duke and Duchess
of Cambridge’s third child is delightful
news – and three children means a
much richer and more complex set of
interactions in a family.
Many factors work to create a
unique individual, but birth order is
still one of the most powerful factors
that shapes character – and could be
the most powerful influence of all in
determining social behaviour
throughout a lifetime. In 2013, Daniel
Eckstein and his colleagues at Sam
Houston State University looked at
more than 200 studies into birth order
characteristics and created a list of the
most frequently cited qualities for
each birth order position.
The eldest is the only child in a family
who starts life enjoying the exclusive
attention of their parents. As a result,
they often develop good linguistic and
social skills and we see these in Prince
George already. The downside is that
firstborns can pick up on any anxiety
new parents may feel and, when the
next sibling comes along, they feel the
loss more keenly. This leaves them
with a strong thirst for approval from
authority, and with that comes a
powerful drive to succeed. One study
found that firstborns were 30 per cent
more likely to be in positions of
leadership than any other birth order
position. As the baby is a boy, Prince
George is firstborn in ordinal position
and as the elder son, so first born
qualities are likely to be strong in him.
Middle children
Contrary to popular belief, middle
children are not troubled outsiders,
but often the least anxious child in the
family. They grow up learning to avoid
conflict and get on with a wide variety
of individuals. A word of warning:
because middle-borns value getting
along with others, they can be easily
led. They’re also the ones most likely
to go through a phase of appearing
outlandish in dress or make-up –
possibly as a reaction to feeling
“invisible”. Princess Charlotte has a
most interesting and complex profile:
not only is she now a middle child, but
as the first and only girl she is also
likely to show characteristics of a first
born too – particularly caring aspects.
Youngest of three
To an outsider, this looks like the most
privileged birth order position – the
new royal baby is a lucky child. Parents
of three have less time and inclination
to enforce the rules, which allows the
youngest child more freedom to take
greater risks. Older members of the
family are also often on hand to help,
but this can mean the youngest grows
up impatient and frustrated as they are
surrounded by others more competent
than they are. In all this, it’s important
to remember there are nuancing
factors that can subtly change a child’s
profile and these will be beautifully
illustrated in William and Kate’s family.
uLinda Blair is a clinical psychologist
and the author of Siblings: How to
Handle Rivalry and Create Lifelong
Loving Bonds.
Tuesday 24 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
One-stop shop
for online
divorce ‘would
end blame game’
COUPLES should be able to divorce
online in a “one-stop shop”, the president of the Supreme Court has said as
she argued that blame should be taken
out of the process as it is “unjust” and
Baroness Hale of Richmond said that
the current system is misleading and
added “needlessly to the anger, pain,
grief and guilt” – therefore increasing
the warring between couples and having an adverse effect on their children.
After the decree nisi is granted, there
then would be arrangements for property, finance and children that are long
and drawn out and involve different
applications with different paperwork
‘A separating party could
file one form telling one
story, asking for whichever
relief they wanted’
before different judges. She used a
speech in front of family lawyers to call
for a “one-stop shop in family cases –
where instead of having to navigate
possibly five different processes a separating party could file one form telling
one story and asking for whichever relief they wanted at the time – and preferably available online”.
Several areas have already started
trials of online divorce petitions in order to reduce workload on the courts,
but Lady Hale’s suggestion would simplify the whole process. She also called
for an end to a ‘fault’ system in divorce.
Currently, if a couple want to divorce
without waiting two years, then they
must accuse their husband or wife of
being at fault, often using adultery.
Lady Hale said: “The contents of the
petition can trigger or exacerbate family conflict entirely unnecessarily. Re-
spondents are encouraged by their
lawyers to ‘suck it up’ even though the
allegations are unfair.
“There is no evidence at all that having to give a reason for the breakdown
makes people think twice. The decision to divorce is not taken lightly, but
this is not because of need to give prove
one of the five facts.”
Lady Hale pointed out that in Scotland, where couples only have to wait a
year before claiming that their marriage has irretrievably broken down,
only 6 per cent of divorces cited adultery or behaviour compared with 56
per cent in England.
Lady Hale, who has a background in
family law, has long been a supporter
of ‘no fault’ divorce and was behind a
Law Commission report calling for a
change in 1990. But for the first time
since taking up her post, Lady Hale has
set out in detail why she believes Parliament needs to change the law to ensure that families are supported.
She argued that that the current system is “confusing and misleading” because having to use one of five reasons
to explain why a couple have split
means that the “fact used as the peg on
which to hang the divorce petition may
not bear any relationship to the real
reason why the marriage broke down”.
The system is “unjust” because it
suggests one person is to blame and
there is “little or nothing to stop the
more blameworthy one relying on the
conduct of the less blameworthy one”,
she told the 30th conference of Resolution, which represents around 6,500
family law firms.
It provokes “unnecessary hostility
and bitterness”, she said, because it is
arbitrary and does not allow the accused to put their side of the story and
therefore “adds needlessly to the anger,
pain, grief and guilt felt by many when
their marriage breaks down, especially
the one who was not expecting it”.
Father of drowned boy is
trolled on social media
The father of a boy who drowned in a
swimming pool said he had been attacked on social media with false claims
that his son had been left unattended.
Rocco Wright, three, died at the
David Lloyd Club, Leeds, on Saturday.
Police said they were treating it as a
“tragic accident” and the club said it
was investigating. Rocco’s father,
Steven, said last night that a lifeguard
had not “rescued” the boy and that it
was he who pulled his son from the
water. He added: “We’re not trying to
place blame, we just want the facts
reported.” More upset had been
caused by social media trolls blaming
them for what happened, he said.
Exercise may increase
risk of contracting MND
Vigorous exercise may be linked to a
heightened risk of developing motor
neurone disease (MND).
Researchers compared the lifestyles
of 1,557 patients with the disease in
Europe with 2,922 healthy people and
found those with ALS were more likely
to have done intensive exercise. The
disease, also called amyotrophic lateral
sclerosis, or ALS, impacts two in
100,000 people in Britain. But Nick
Cole, of the MND Association, said:
“Exercise offers protection against
diseases, so it is not advisable to adopt
a sedentary lifestyle to avoid a very
small increased risk of MND.”
New mate would be too
dangerous for swan
By Hayley Dixon
Magic touch J K Rowling, the author, attends the Broadway opening performance of Harry
Potter and the Cursed Child Parts One and Two at The Lyric Theatre in New York on Sunday.
The play, which premiered in London in 2016, has won 22 British theatre awards.
Williamson: Russia is a greater threat than insurgents
By Verity Ryan
RUSSIA poses a “far greater” threat to
Britain than insurgents did in Iraq and
Afghanistan, the Defence Secretary has
In a fresh attack on the Russian regime, Gavin Williamson said that the
security threat Britain faces has considerably “escalated” in the last three
years, and acknowledged that returning to Cold War-levels of defence
spending was “tempting”.
He told the Commons yesterday:
“We have to be realistic about the chal-
lenges. The challenges that are posed
by Russia are far greater than the challenges that were presented as an insurgency in terms of Iraq and Afghanistan,
and how do we get the right mix of
military equipment and capability to
deal with that increased threat.”
A source close to Defence Secretary
said that he was referring to the insurgencies that followed Britain’s military
engagement in the two countries after
the September 11 terrorist attack in
New York in 2001.
The Government has blamed Russia
for the use of Soviet-era nerve agent
‘Conspiracy theory’ Labour
candidate faces deselection
By Helena Horton
A LABOUR parliamentary candidate
who last year challenged the evidence
for the murder of Jo Cox and the terror
attacks at Westminster and Manchester is likely to be deselected, it has
A staunch supporter of Jeremy Corbyn, Mandy Richards was selected to
fight the marginal seat of Worcester,
but then it emerged she had written on
Twitter: “Glad someone asking right
questions about #terror coverage. #JoCox incident conveniently bereft of
evidence too.” With the message she
posted a video by a conspiracy theorist
suggesting the Westminster attack
coverage had been edited and faked.
She also questioned coverage of the
Manchester Arena attack: “Can news
agencies, police or anyone else for that
matter explain why still no images/
footage of physical damage at #ManchesterArena?” Mike Foster, the former Labour MP for Worcester, posted
on Twitter: “Will someone from @UKLabour please put a stop to this. Having
“no comment” from u is difficult to defend on local radio to Labour members
in Worcester and most importantly, to
the voters in Worcester I had the privilege to serve.”
Concerns were first raised after it
emerged Ms Richards was under 14 extended civil restraint orders by the
High Court. She is banned from bringing court actions without permission
after claims against MI5, MI6, the Met
Police, the Army, Thames Water, her
gas, electricity and broadband suppliers, Royal Mail, Hackney council, her
GP and the freeholder of her flat.
John Woodcock MP said of her Jo Cox
tweet: “We would be outraged if any
other party picked a candidate who said
this about the murder of our friend.”
Ms Richards apologised on Facebook for “any upset” but added: “I can
assure you the cases brought were all
above board.” The Labour Party declined to comment any further.
against Sergei Skripal, a former Russian
spy, and his daughter, Yulia, in Salisbury, and also criticised the country for
its support of the Syrian regime after its
alleged use of chemical weapons.
Yesterday Julian Lewis, Conservative chair of the defence select committee, pressed Mr Williamson for a
commitment to greater levels of defence spending in response Russia’s activities.
Mr Lewis said: “When the threat
from Russia receded at the end of the
Cold War we understandably cut our
defence budget down to 3 per cent of
GDP. Given events from Salisbury to
Syria demonstrating that sadly this
threat is now reappearing, should we
not be seeking to get back to that sort
of level of defence expenditure, and
will he lay this pertinent fact in front of
the Chancellor of the Exchequer?”
Mr Williamson, who has previously
clashed with the Chancellor over fears
of sharp defence cuts, responded saying: “The Right Honourable gentleman
does try to tempt me.”
He added: “We have to be realistic
about the fact that the threat picture is
changing. We’ve seen it escalate quite
considerably since 2010, even from
“That is why we’re doing the modernising defence programme, in order
to deliver the right type of capabilities
for our armed forces to deal with that
increasing threat that we face.”
Last week the National Audit Office
revealed that the Armed Forces is facing its biggest overall shortfall for a
decade, with 8,200 fewer servicemen
and women than it needs, warning
that the gaps could affect the Government’s ability to engage in future missions.
Body of missing
stag party reveller
found in river
Commons bullying inquiry
‘will give MPs a clean slate’
By Simon Johnson
By Harry Yorke
Political corresPondent
THE body of a missing Scottish man
who vanished during his brother’s stag
weekend in Hamburg two months ago
was pulled from a river yesterday.
Liam Colgan, 29, disappeared on Feb
10, triggering a series of searches in the
German city and appeals on social media. His body was found in the Elbe. His
brother Eamonn, a Dundee police officer, and Susan Dolan, his fiancée,
postponed their wedding. CCTV images showed Liam had been in the
port’s Baumwall area, near the Reeperbahn where the 18-strong stag group
had been celebrating.
The Lucie Blackman Trust, a charity
supporting Mr Colgan’s family during
the search, stated: “Formal identification is yet to be carried out, but Mr Colgan’s driving licence was in the pocket
of the jacket and the clothes were those
he was wearing when he disappeared.
We ask that the family be given privacy
to grieve at this difficult time.”
AN INQUIRY into claims of bullying in
Parliament will not consider claims
made against individual MPs, it was
confirmed last night, with campaigners
warning that the probe will do little
more than to provide the accused with
a “clean slate”.
The investigation into an allegedly
toxic culture in Westminster will not
take into account allegations made
against John Bercow, the Speaker, or
two other MPs who are accused of
abusing former staff. Instead, the inquiry, chaired by Dame Laura Cox QC,
the former High Court judge, will examine the atmosphere in the Commons
without delving into the specific cases
which led to it being launched.
It comes two months after Mr Bercow was accused of bullying Kate
Emms, his former secretary, who was
signed off work sick and later transferred to another office. Mr Bercow cat-
egorically denies the claims. Last night
an insider told The Daily Telegraph that
allies of Mr Bercow, who sit on the
body which approved the inquiry, had
refused to entertain any investigation
which would look at the specific investigations against him or other MPs.
The source, who spoke anonymously, added that there was “no way”
that the organisers of the probe would
have got it past the House of Commons
Commission – chaired by Mr Bercow –
which sets both the terms and scope of
the inquiry.
Amy Leversidge, the FDA union’s
general secretary, said: “The failure to
consider existing and past complaints
by the inquiry will potentially result in
a ‘clean slate’ for the perpetrators of
bullying and harassment, rather than
the promised closure for staff.”
Dame Janet Gaymer, who sits on the
commission, said the “calibre” of Dame
Laura was evidence staff could be “confident” of being “treated appropriately
and fairly at all times”.
A widowed “celebrity swan” will not
get a new mate, an animal charity has
revealed. The bird, dubbed “Mr Swan”
by locals in Perranporth, Cornwall,
became well known in the tourist
resort for holding up traffic.
But the male bird’s mate was killed
in a dog attack in May 2017. Locals
have reported that the bird has been
searching “forlornly” for a new mate,
but Tanya Higgins, from Perranporth
Gardens Charities, said: “We’ve taken
specialist advice and introducing a
new mate at this age/stage could be
dangerous as one could attack the
Supermarkets’ gourmet
ranges hurt restaurants
A boom in gourmet supermarket food
and drink is driving the decline in
chain restaurants, say analysts.
It came as outlets including Jamie’s
Italian and Prezzo are shutting dozens
of restaurants across the UK, claiming
fewer people are dining out.
This year Jamie’s Italian announced
12 restaurants were closing. Then
Prezzo said it was closing 94 branches,
blaming “pressures on our industry”.
Howard Wright, strategy director at
Equator, an own brand labeling firm,
told the Grocer people increasingly
saw premium supermarket fare “as an
alternative to going out for a meal”.
Back pain sufferer avoids
jail over cannabis factory
A man who grew 29 cannabis plants in
his home has escaped a jail sentence
after the judge accepted he suffered
from bad back pain.
Police discovered the factory
growing in Shaun Waters’ home in
Waterlooville, Hants, after his lodger
let officers in for an unrelated matter.
Waters, 50, admitted producing a
class B drug for “back problems”.
Sentencing Waters at Portsmouth
Crown Court to an eight-month
sentence suspended for two years and
a two-month curfew, judge Robert Hill
said: “If it were not for that [back pain]
you’d be going to prison.”
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The Daily Telegraph, 111 Buckingham
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The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 24 April 2018
Tuesday 24 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
The customs
union – in or out?
Theresa May’s
changing position
January 17, 2017
May 18
In her Lancaster House speech
Theresa May says: “I want
Britain to be able to negotiate
its own trade agreements. But I
also want tariff-free trade with
Europe and cross-border trade
to be as frictionless as possible.”
The Conservative Party
Manifesto: “We will no longer
be members of the single
market or customs union… we
will seek a special partnership
including a comprehensive free
trade and customs agreement.”
August 15
Future customs arrangements: a
future partnership paper sets
out two options: “a highly
streamlined customs
arrangement between the UK
and the EU” or “a new customs
partnership with the EU”.
September 22
March 2, 2018
April 22
In her Florence speech
Theresa May says: “The United
Kingdom is leaving the
European Union. We will no
longer be members of its
single market or its customs
In her Mansion House speech
Theresa May says: “The UK has
been clear it is leaving the
customs union… to determine
its own tariffs with third
countries – which would not be
possible in a customs union.”
An aide to Mrs May reportedly
says her team “will not be
crying in our beer” if
Parliament forces her to stay in
the customs union. A source
says: “Policy is for Britain to
leave the customs union.”
May faces Cabinet split over EU customs deal
Divisions between senior
ministers could put PM’s
job at risk when Commons
votes on trade proposals
By Steven Swinford
and Jack Maidment
THERESA MAY will face a Cabinet split
over a customs deal with the EU when
she meets senior ministers tomorrow
ahead of a key Commons vote next
month that could determine her future
as leader.
including David Davis, Liam Fox, Boris
Johnson and Michael Gove are expected
to warn the Prime Minister that she
must abandon plans for a customs partnership amid fears it could pave the way
for a significant climbdown over Brexit.
However, Philip Hammond, the Chancellor, and other leading pro-European
Cabinet ministers will argue that it is
“premature” to abandon any of the Government’s proposals for a customs deal
with the EU when negotiations with
Brussels have stalled. “We shouldn’t cut
off our nose to spite our face,” a Whitehall source said.
It came as Downing Street refused to
rule out making a crunch vote on the
customs union in Parliament next
month an effective vote of confidence
in the Prime Minister and her
Government. Pro-European Tory MPs
have put their names to an amendment
that would force the Government to
strike a divorce deal with the EU that
enables the UK to stay in a customs
union – something the Prime Minister
has explicitly ruled out.
Mrs May would face serious questions about whether she should remain
in post if she lost such a vote, which
could leave Britain unable to strike free
trade deals after leaving the EU.
Mr Johnson, the Foreign Secretary,
yesterday declined to say whether he
would quit if Parliament forced the
Prime Minister to stay in the customs
union. Ministers are expected to debate
Britain’s options for a customs union at
a meeting of the Cabinet’s Brexit
sub-committee tomorrow. The Prime
Minister set out two options last month
for a deal with the EU. The first, a “customs partnership”, would see Britain
collect duties for Brussels for goods arriving in the UK but intended for EU
Eurosceptics fear that this option is
“unworkable” and will see Britain end
up staying in the customs union,
despite the Prime Minister’s pledge to
leave it. They favour a second “highly
‘Coming out of the customs
union means that we will
be free to have those deals,
deals that suit the UK’
streamlined” arrangement, which
would use technology to minimise but
not eliminate checks on imports.
Whitehall sources have previously
described the customs partnership
option as “intellectually perfect”.
Downing Street yesterday insisted that
both options are being pursued. The
Prime Minister yesterday said that the
UK must leave the customs union after
Brexit in order to strike trade deals
Choices The options for Britain outside the customs union
Option 1
A highly
between Britain
and the
European Union
would use a
combination of
technology and
goodwill to limit
the impact of
checks on trade.
movement of
goods across
borders would
be as simple as
possible, with no
entry or exit
declarations for
goods moving
between the UK
and the EU.
Goods moving
between the UK
and the rest of
the world would
be able to travel
through the EU
without paying
EU duties and
vice versa.
trader” schemes
in the UK and
EU, together
with “the most
advanced IT
solutions” would
mean that
vehicles do not
need to stop at
the border.
Small traders
in Northern
Ireland would
continue to
trade across the
border with no
new restrictions.
A streamlined
“trusted trader”
scheme would
be introduced
for larger
companies in
Ireland and the
Republic of
Option 2
A new customs
with the
European Union.
At the border,
the UK would
mirror the EU’s
for imports from
the rest of the
world, applying
the same tariffs
and the same
rules of origin as
the EU. This
would also apply
for those goods
arriving in the
UK and intended
for the EU.
Britain would
have to be able
to guarantee
that all goods
entering the EU
via the UK pay
the right EU
removing the
need for
processes at the
UK-EU border.
The UK would
also be able to
apply its own
tariffs and trade
policy for goods
intended for the
UK market.
around the world. On a visit to the West
Midlands she told the BBC: “Coming
out of the customs union means that
we will be free to have those deals,
deals that suit the UK. But I also recognise the importance to businesses like
this of being able to have as frictionless
a border as possible into the European
On Thursday pro-European Tory
MPs will back a non-binding
amendment requiring Britain to make
staying in the customs union an
“objective” of negotiations.
However, ministers believe that the
vote will be “meaningless” and the
Government is not whipping MPs to
attend the debate or vote against it.
It comes after the Government lost
two votes on the customs union in the
Lords last week. Last night they lost
two further votes after peers backed a
move to contain the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights in domestic law after
Brexit and for another vote over challenges to the validity of EU law.
William Hague: Page 18
Editorial Comment: Page 19
Knight for a day
St George’s Day
celebrations were
held across
England yesterday,
with one patriot,
John Dicks,
parading through
Glastonbury in
Somerset wearing a
suit of armour and
waving the St
George’s Cross flag.
Rudd to
waive fees
in wake of
By Kate McCann
Fashion ‘faux pas’ Rudd attacked over EU registrations
AMBER RUDD has announced that
British citizenship fees and language
tests will be waived for the Windrush
generation amid fresh calls for her resignation over the scandal.
Addressing the House of Commons,
the Home Secretary vowed to pay compensation and suggested the Government could pay to help people return
to the UK from abroad if they chose.
She faced calls to step down after
some Windrush migrants were threatened with deportation if they were unable to prove their right to stay. Ms
Rudd was also accused of allowing the
Prime Minister to use her as a “human
shield” over the issue, amid claims it
was Theresa May who initiated the socalled “hostile environment” policy
An application
system for EU
seeking to stay
in the UK after
Brexit will be “as
easy to use as
setting up an
online account
at LK Bennett”,
the Home
Secretary has
reportedly said.
Amber Rudd
referred to the
fashion retailer
at a private
business dinner,
according to the
Times. LK
describes itself
as an “affordable
luxury brand”,
selling shoes,
handbags and
accessories. It is
a favourite of a
number of
Theresa May and
the Duchess of
Cambridge. Ms
Rudd reportedly
made the
comments as she
told business
leaders at a
meeting in
London that her
department was
taking steps to
ensure the
registration of
EU nationals
using a digital
system. But
campaign group
represents EU
citizens living in
the UK, accused
her of
“trivialising” the
process. The
group said: “We
had to Google
LK Bennett, a
popular chain
with the upper
middle class. It
just shows how
detached the
Government is
from the real
concerns of the
average EU
which caused Windrush migrants to be
caught in the crossfire.
Joanna Cherry, the SNP’s justice and
home affairs spokesman, said Ms Rudd
should “have the decency to resign”.
She added: “The Home Secretary has
used Home Office staff as a shield to
hide behind, and in turn she herself is
being used by the Prime Minister – not
for the first time – as a human shield to
protect the Prime Minister from the repugnant consequences of policies the
Prime Minister authored.
“The time has come for this Home
Secretary to bite the bullet – will she
emerge from the shadow of the Prime
Minister and scrap her predecessor’s
hostile environment policy?”
Ms Rudd accepted blame for the
scandal but declined to step aside, instead telling MPs: “I want to be the person to put it right.” She also vowed to
change the “culture” of the Home Office, after criticising officials for failing
to see the “human” side of immigration.
Ms Rudd said in a statement that she
wanted “to enable the Windrush generation to acquire the status they deserve – British citizenship – quickly
and at no cost.” Then, she said, she
would waive the need for a Knowledge
of Language and Life test; waive the fee
for naturalisation of the children of the
Windrush generation who were in the
UK but were not British citizens; and
would ensure those who had retired to
their country of origin could return to
the UK, with the cost of any fees associated with this process waived. She said
staff were also checking that nobody
had been deported by accident.
But she warned that the Home Office
would continue to take a tough approach to illegal immigration.
At last we’ve found the culprit at the heart of this outrage – ‘the state’
By Michael Deacon
t’s a curious thing. Both Amber
Rudd and Theresa May have said
sorry for the Windrush scandal –
yet neither of them seems to think that
they’re to blame for it.
Yesterday Ms Rudd made a
statement to the Commons. In it, she
attempted to pull off an extremely
tricky feat. Expressing her most
heartfelt anguish for the scandal’s
victims – while making it sound as if
she had been a powerless bystander.
“All members will have seen the
recent heartbreaking stories,” she said,
sadly. “These people worked here for
decades… helped establish the NHS…
paid their taxes… enriched our
culture… This should never have been
allowed to happen… The state has let
these people down…”
Ah, the state. So that’s whose fault it
was. For a while there, I was worried
that it might have been the
Government. Or the Home Secretary.
I wonder what Ms Rudd was like as
a teenager.
“Mother, Father – it has come to my
attention that, while you were away
this weekend, a party was held at our
house without your permission,
attended by a large number of my
friends. I regret to report that, during
this party, a considerable amount of
damage was done to upholstery,
carpets, priceless family heirlooms
and the back garden. It truly is
heartbreaking, to see what the party’s
guests did to your scatter cushions,
glass coffee table, and koi carp. I
personally have been deeply upset by
the consequences of the decision to
hold this party – consequences which
could not possibly have been foreseen
when the invitations were secretly
sent out. Mother, Father: there is no
denying where the responsibility lies.
Let me be very clear: the guests of that
party have let you down.”
At any rate, Ms Rudd assured MPs
that she was “personally committed”
to “resolving this situation with
urgency and purpose”. The Windrush
generation would have their UK
citizenship fees waived, and they
would not be made to sit the usual
citizenship test, which assesses
applicants’ knowledge of “life in the
UK” (probably unnecessary, given that
they’ve been living here for decades).
Ms Rudd insisted that the
Government would still take “a robust
approach” to illegal immigration. But
its approach to language, it seems, will
be softer. Mrs May once boasted that
for illegal immigrants she would
create a “hostile environment”. Now
that this phrase is being used to pin
the blame on the Prime Minister, Ms
Rudd has instead taken to calling it a
“compliant environment”. There,
much nicer.
Naturally Labour gave her a
scolding, but without much zeal.
They’d clearly sensed that, if she was
going to be sacked, it would have
happened by now. Still, there was one
moment they enjoyed.
“The Home Office,” declared Ms
Rudd, “is a great department of state.”
Labour MPs guffawed.
If you watch the footage, you’ll
notice that Ms Rudd smirks, too.
The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 24 April 2018
By Anita Singh
ROBERT KENNEDY intervened to
suppress revelations about Jeremy
Thorpe’s sexuality to save the British
establishment from scandal, according
to a previously unseen memo.
Kennedy was US attorney general in
1963 when the FBI came into possession of a passionate letter from Thorpe
to an American known as “Bruno”.
Thorpe, then a rising star of the
Liberal Party, was clearly besotted and
wrote: “If I’m ever driven out of public
life in Britain for a gay scandal then I
shall settle in San Francisco” – the city
where the two men had met.
It was a prescient remark, as in 1979
Thorpe was accused of conspiracy to
murder a former lover in what was
rial of the century”.
century .
dubbed “the trial
etter came to light,
When the letter
Britain was in the grip of the
Profumo affairr and homosexuality was illegal in Britain. An FBI
ed along with the
memo, obtained
BC via a Freedom
letter by the BBC
n request, reads:
of Information
akes refer“The letter makes
ence to a possible
elahomosexual relaeen
tionship between
[redacted] and
Jeremy Thorpe.
The letter was
orwritten by Thorpe and bore a
return addresss
of the House
of Commons,
“The Atal
torney General
stated that he
wanted to inform
[redacted] of
this matter on a
personal basis ‘as
the British can’t
afford anotherr
disclosure of this
It added thatt
Kennedy had
verified that
Thorpe was an
MP, although it
Robert Kennedy,
above, suppressed
a letter written by
Thorpe, right.
Below, Hugh Grant
and Ben Whishaw
as Thorpe and
Norman Scott in the
forthcoming BBC
drama A Very
English Scandal
wrongly identified him as a member of
the Labour Party.
Sixteen years later, Thorpe stood
trial for conspiracy to murder his former lover, Norman Scott, with whom
he had conducted a secret relationship
when homosexuality remained illegal.
He was acquitted, but his career was
The prosecution had a copy of the
letter, and it has been speculated that
Thorpe’s decision not to take the stand
was because he did not wish to be
cross-examined about its contents.
The letter was dated April 1961
and was seized two years later when
“Bruno”, whose full name has been
redacted by the FBI, was arrested in
New York for breaking the terms of a
probation order for theft. In the letter,
It w
Thorpe writes: “It
was an unkind
th we should
stroke of fate that
only have met at the very end
of my stay in S
San Francisco…
I don’t know h
how you feel,
but although we only met so
briefly, I miss you desperately.”
He said: “H
“How I adored San
Francisco… the one city
wher a gay person
can let down his
and feel free
and unhunted.”
offering to
h contacts to
use his
help B
Bruno find a job,
he said
said: “Somehow we
me again, either I
must meet
o to San Francismust get on
co on som
some mission, which
the British or American
w pay for!! – or
taxpayer will
one summ
summer we must get
you to Europe
for a really
good holiday.”
He asked
Bruno to
write to him at his home
or at th
the House of Commons, but warned that
“the latter
should be
marked personal!”
sign off by saying:
He signed
tel you how happy
“I can’t tell
hav met you. Yours
I am to have
most affectionately,
Thorpe died
in 2014,
aged 85.
may have to pay
£10m each as
students sue
MORE than 1,000 students from some
of the UK’s biggest universities have
launched collective legal action that
could see universities pay out millions
in compensation for lost teaching time
during recent lecturer strikes.
The law firm behind the group actions believe institutions, including
Oxford, Cambridge, Bristol and Manchester, could end up paying out as
much as £10 million each.
It comes after staff from 64 universities around the UK were hit by 14 days
of strikes in a dispute over pensions.
When the action collected 1,000 signatures, it triggered the number
needed to apply for a Group Litigation
Order. It is expected that more students could sign up too.
According to lawyers, a quarter of
those who signed up are overseas students. The most number of signatories
have come from the University of Manchester.
Members of the University and Col-
‘Paying about £500
compensation each to
20,000 students would
cost around £10 million’
lege Union (UCU) staged a wave of
strikes in February and March as part
of a bitter dispute over changes to the
Universities Superannuation Scheme
(USS), a major pension scheme.
The UCU called off further action
earlier this month after members accepted new proposals put forward by
Universities UK.
Students can sign up on a website
set up by Asserson, a specialist law
firm, which would mean all the individual claims could be grouped together and heard at the same time if a
lawsuit goes ahead.
Shimon Goldwater, a senior solicitor
at the firm, said the decision on how
to proceed will be taken in the next
few weeks, and it is likely that if a
case is brought, it would be “a set of 10
to 20 universities that we would be
Which universities are involved is
likely to depend on which students
come forward, he said. He claimed that
institutions could have to pay out millions of pounds.
“Over 20,000 undergraduates attend each large UK university,” he
said. “Paying about £500 compensation each to 20,000 students would
cost around £10 million.”
The explosive letter
from Thorpe stifled
by Robert Kennedy
Tuesday 24 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
and mood
swings of
PMT linked
to alcohol
Pope helps to
declare Alfie a
citizen of Italy
ALFIE EVANS has been
granted Italian citizenship
after an intervention by the
The Italian foreign ministry made the move in the
hope that the toddler can be
transferred from hospital in
Liverpool where his life support was due to be switched
off. It said: “The Italian government hopes that being an
Italian citizen will enable the
immediate transfer of the
child to Italy.”
Tom Evans, the boy’s father, wrote on Facebook:
“Alfie belongs to Italy.”
Yesterday, about 200 people protested outside the
Liverpool Alder Hey hospital
after the European Court of
Human Rights refused to intervene in the case.
Last week, Mr Evans flew
to Rome and met Pope Francis at the Vatican, appealing
for “asylum” for Alfie. The
Pope said the Vatican would
ensure a “decisive diplomatic
channel is opened up”. A children’s hospital in Rome,
Bambino Gesù, has offered to
treat the 23-month old.
By Nick Squires in Rome
Police stopped dozens of protesters from entering Alder Hey Hospital in Liverpool yesterday after European judges decided not to intervene in the case
Drinking could
interfere with
hormone levels,
say researchers
By Laura Donnelly
PMT may be caused by alcohol in more than a fifth of
cases, research suggests.
Women who drink more
than one glass of wine a day
also have almost twice the
risk of suffering, compared
with light drinkers, the findings show.
Scientists examined 19
studies involving more than
47,000 women for links
between drinking and premenstrual symptoms, such
as mood swings and depression.
Studies have previously
shown that premenstrual
The rise in the risk of suffering
PMT among women who drink
more than a glass of wine daily
syndrome (PMS) tends to be
more severe among women
who drink alcohol. But it has
not been clear whether this
is due to the alcohol itself
causing the problem, or that
women reach for the bottle
in response to more severe
The Spanish review, published in the medical journal
BMJ Open, estimates that
even moderate drinking is
enough to increase symptoms by 45 per cent. The
risks rose to 79 per cent
among women drinking
more than one glass daily.
Overall, 21 per cent of
PMT cases in the UK and
other European countries
were found to be associated
with alcohol intake, researchers found. The study,
which claims to be the first
to examine the relationship
between alcohol consumption and PMT, did not prove
that alcohol was the main
cause. But research by the
University of Santiago de
Compostela said the size of
the studies and consistency
of the results provided substantial evidence that drinking appeared to increase the
Researchers said alcohol
may interfere with hormone
levels involved in the menstrual cycle, and interfere
with the production of key
“mood” chemicals in the
brain, such as serotonin, low
levels of which are linked to
Drugs which target serotonin are already used to
treat PMT.
Scientists said it was also
possible that women with
alterations in such levels
might, too, be more sensitive
to alcohol.
Six in 10 British women
drink alcohol. More than one
in six exceed recommended
weekly limits of 14 units
(around six glasses of wine).
Dr Bahi Takkouche, the
lead author, said the findings
were important given the
rates of alcohol drinking
among women, especially in
Globally, the proportion
of women who drink alcohol
is thought to be around 30
per cent. Across Europe the
figure is more than 60 per
cent, including 12.5 per cent
heavy drinkers.
“Based on the figures
above and on our results, we
estimate that 11 per cent of
the PMS cases may be associated to alcohol intake worldwide and 21 per cent in
Europe,” wrote the researchers.
drinking may be associated
with 4 per cent of the PMS
cases in the world and over
9 per cent in Europe.”
It added that if the association was causal in nature,
eliminating heavy drinking
in women could prevent one
in 12 cases in Europe.
Allergies linked to
psychiatric conditions
By Henry Bodkin
SUFFERING from hay fever
or other common allergies
significantly increases the
risk of depression and anxiety, a major study suggests.
200,000 people showed for
the first time a link between
the so-called “three As” – allergic rhinitis (hay fever),
asthma and atopic dermatitis
(eczema) – and psychiatric
illness. Previous research
had hinted at causal connections between certain allergies and emotional or
psychological disorders, but
the picture was confused.
The new study shows a
widescale association between the two, which experts say should help doctors
better predict and prevent
mental illness.
They believe inflammation caused by the allergies
may also increase the likelihood of psychiatric conditions. The stress of coping
with an allergy may also explain the link.
Researchers used health
insurance data to compare
46,647 people with allergies
to 139,941 without. While
those without one of the
three main allergies had a 6.7
per cent chance of developing a psychiatric disorder
within a 15-year period, for
those who were allergic the
risk was 10.8 per cent.
The team at Tri-Service
General Hospital in Taiwan
studied all ages.
“I observed that some patients with the three As appeared to suffer emotionally,”
said Dr Nian-Sheng Tzeng,
team leader. “We’d like to let
clinicians who care for patients with allergic diseases
know that their risk for psychiatric diseases may be
People with atopic dermatitis had a lower risk of psychiatric disorder, while
those with asthma and allergic rhinitis had a higher risk.
Dr Samantha Walker, director of research and policy
at Asthma UK, said: “We are
not surprised by the results,
but they are concerning.
“We have known for some
time that people with longterm conditions, like the
5.4 million
asthma in the UK, are more
likely to experience issues
with mental health.”
Pregnancy coffees may
lead to heavier children
By Sarah Knapton
PREGNANT women who
drink too much coffee are
more likely to have overweight children, according
to a study.
Children of mothers who
drank more than three cups
a day were found to be more
than a pound heavier by the
age of eight than those of
women who consumed little
or no caffeine.
The Norwegian Institute
of Public Health studied
51,000 women over nine
years and discovered a linear
link between the consumption of coffee and larger children. NHS advice is that
women drink no more than
200mg of caffeine per day,
or two cups. But the Norwegian study found complete
avoidance may be advisable.
The body takes longer to
get rid of caffeine during
pregnancy. It has been
linked to a greater risk of
miscarriage and restricted
foetal growth. The research
was published in the journal
BMJ Open.
The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 24 April 2018
Stephen’s day
‘will give young
people a voice’
By Victoria Ward
Baroness Lawrence
and her son Stuart
with Theresa May
the 25th
anniversary of
Stephen’s death
held on April 22 every year to remember the murdered teenager, Theresa
May has announced.
The anniversary of the 18-year-old’s
death will be a national commemoration of his life and legacy and was
hailed by his family as an opportunity
for young people to use their voices.
The Prime Minister was joined by
public figures including Prince Harry
and Meghan Markle at a memorial service marking the 25th anniversary of
Stephen’s murder at St Martin-in-theFields in central London.
Mrs May said: “We will use this day
to encourage and support young people in achieving their dreams, and to
reflect on Stephen’s life, death and the
positive change he has inspired.”
Baroness Lawrence said her son
“was denied his voice but the Stephen
Lawrence Day will be an opportunity
for young people to use their voices
and should be embedded in our education and wider system”.
Meanwhile, Sadiq Khan, the Mayor
of London said Lady Lawrence should
have a statue in her honour, as the bust
of Millicent Fawcett, the suffragist who
fought for women’s right to vote, was
unveiled in Parliament Square.
Student was
‘stabbed in
the back by
cowards in
the dark’
‘Evil triumphs
when good people
do nothing’, say
student’s family
By Martin Evans
Crime Correspondent
THE family of a model law
student stabbed to death by
“cowards in the dark” have
blamed his murder on the
failure to tackle knife crime.
Sami Sidhom, 18, was
killed as he returned home
from a West Ham United
football match on April 16.
The teenager, who was
studying at Queen Mary University, was attacked and
stabbed multiple times by a
gang outside his home Forest Gate, east London.
Scotland Yard said a
22-year-old man had been
arrested on suspicion of
Sami Sidhom,
18, was stabbed
multiple times
by a gang near
his home in
east London
murder and was being questioned.
Police have said they have
still no idea of the motive
and are appealing for witnesses. It is thought the murderers may have escaped in a
In a statement, his family
said: “How many more have
to die this way before everyone cares? How many more
communities like ours have
to be terrorised by mindless
stabbings? Sami was a model
son, model student, a dedicated West Ham fan who
was studying to be a lawyer
to bring fair play and justice
to those who needed it.
“He never had a chance to
do any of that because he
was stabbed in the back by
cowards in the dark. He was
only 18. We’ve somehow
ended up in a society where
our brightest hopes are
taken before they’ve even
“It is shameful that a single knife is allowed on the
street. There isn’t a single
fathomable reason why this
is still tolerated, unchecked
and unstopped. Those who
are responsible for enforcing
the banning of knives in our
streets are also responsible
for his death. Someone once
said evil triumphs when
good people do nothing.”
In their statement, the
family went on: “It wasn’t
just Sami that got stabbed
near his home. It was justice
itself that got stabbed in the
back. It’s up to all of us to ensure justice and life should
be given and never taken.”
Scotland Yard said Sami
was returning home after
earlier watching West Ham
United play Stoke City, and
had just got off a bus in Romford Road. He was walking
the final part of the journey
when he was attacked.
Det Chief Insp Mark Wrigley, leading the investigation, said: “I now appeal to
those people in the community who know what took
place or who is responsible
to come forward and give
Sami’s family the justice they
The murder came amid
fears over a surge of violence
sweeping the capital and
other parts of the country.
Since the start of the year,
the Met Police has launched
more than 60 murder investigations, the latest after a
man was stabbed to death in
Finsbury Park, north London, on Saturday.
Sadiq Khan, the Mayor of
London, also appealed for
help to find Sami’s killers,
and said: “Nobody could fail
to be moved by Sami’s family’s tribute to him… We all
have a role to play in keeping
our streets safe… The police
and other groups can’t do
this alone. They need each
and every one of us to do the
right thing and work tirelessly to end this scourge.”
Businessman used laser
to jam speed cameras
By Victoria Ward
jammed speed cameras with
a laser to escape fines while
sticking his middle finger up
at them, a court has heard.
Timothy Hill, 67, fitted a
laser jammer to his Range
Rover, which meant that his
speed came up blank.
Hill drove past mobile
speed camera vans on the
A19 near Easingwold, Thirsk
and Crathorne three times in
December and each time he
was photographed gesturing
to them with his middle finger. But his actions were
spotted by police, who noted
his personalised registration
When officers traced the
vehicle to Hill’s home in the
Yorkshire Dales village of
Grassington, the businessman threw the device in a
river that runs by his home.
Hill appeared at Teesside
Crown Court where he was
jailed for eight months and
banned from driving for a
year for perverting the
course of justice.
Tuesday 24 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Hand car washes ‘damage environment’, MPs warn
By Steven Swinford
HAND car washes in supermarket car
parks could be damaging the environment, MPs have warned as they set up
an inquiry.
The environmental audit committee
is concerned that oil, dirt and pollutant
cleaning products are being thrown
down car park drains, affecting rivers,
streams and water sources and harming wildlife. It is also concerned that
gangs are trafficking people and forcing them to work at hand car washes in
a form of “modern slavery”.
The MPs will compare the environmental impact of hand car washes with
that of automatic systems, and examine
whether the chemicals used could
harm “human health and the natural
Mary Creagh, the Labour chairman
of the committee, said: “Hand car
washes are a familiar sight throughout
the UK and often offer drivers a cheaper
and more convenient alternative to
automatic car washes, but they may
be having a damaging environmental
“Oil, dirt and cleaning products are
often not disposed of correctly, which
could be having a significant impact on
local water sources and wildlife.
“The Independent Anti-Slavery
Commission has also expressed concerns around the exploitation of the
workforce at hand car washes. We are
concerned about the cost to the public
purse of tackling criminality, including
trafficking, tax evasion and enforcement of minimum wage law.
“Our inquiry will look at the environmental impact of hand car washes
and ask how effective the regulations
that govern them are. It will also ask
the Government how it is meeting its
commitments under the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals
to reduce human exploitation.”
There are nearly 19,000 car-wash
operations in Britain, employing up to
200,000 people. Many of those working in the car washes are from Asia,
Africa and Eastern Europe.
Thousands of workers are thought to
be in modern slavery. They are mostly
men lured from eastern Europe with
promises of paid work, housing and job
Yet many end up trapped in debt,
forced to live and work in squalid and
unsafe conditions, stripped of their
documents and subjected to threats,
abuse and violence. Police say it is dif-
ficult to secure convictions because the
alleged victims are often reluctant to
speak out.
“There is modern slavery on an industrial scale,” said Lysbeth Ford, of
the Gangmasters and Labour Abuse
Authority, the anti-slavery body. “The
Government and the police are not yet
aware of the extent of car wash slavery.
It has exploded because workers
are being underpaid or not paid at all
– creating an environment ripe for
Warning over
children’s yogurts
that contain up to
five sugar cubes
 Transport for London has come
under fire for putting up a “fatshaming” message on a noticeboard.
It read: “During this heatwave
please dress for the body you have…
not for the body you want.”
Michael Hawkes posted an image of
the notice at Blackhorse Road Tube
station, writing on Twitter: “Way to
body shame, TfL.”
Others tweeted their anger. Jane
Murphy wrote: “It would suit [TfL]
better to have trains running on time,
than quotes of the day.” Alexandra
Goldstein stated: “I am so very tired of
TfL wit and wisdom. Especially when
neither is demonstrated.”
Kellie Dawson told TfL to “keep
your judgment off my body.”
But some people defended TfL. Abi
Brookes wrote: “This is not body
shaming, it’s brutal honesty & majority
of what most people are thinking.”
A TfL spokesman said: “We
apologise unreservedly to customers
who were offended by the insensitive
message. In this instance the message
was clearly ill-judged and it has been
removed. An investigation is under
way to establish who thought such an
unacceptable message was a good
idea, so that the appropriate action can
be taken.”
 Children are able to eat almost their
entire daily sugar allowance in certain
brands of yogurt, health officials have
warned. Analysis of major brands by
Public Health Liverpool found some
products contain the equivalent of
almost five sugar cubes.
NHS guidelines say children aged
between four and six should have no
more than 19g, or five cubes, of
so-called free sugar – sugar not
“locked in” naturally to products – a
day, while seven to 10-year-olds should
have no more than six cubes.
Public Health Liverpool is to
highlight its findings with a media
campaign across health centres,
dentists’ surgeries, children’s centres
and hospitals over the coming months.
The drive, is aimed at tackling
childhood obesity in the city, where
around 12 per cent of school reception
age children and more than 23 per cent
of Year Six pupils are classed as obese.
Almost a third of five-year-olds in
Liverpool have decayed, missing or
filled teeth, with two a day under the
age of 10 having to get teeth removed.
Dr Sandra Davies, the city’s director
of public health, said: “Tackling sugar
in diets is a real priority for us because
we know that people simply don’t
realise how much they are consuming.”
Transport bosses
apologise for
notice on the Tube
Spring on the wing A tawny owl swoops across a sea of bluebells near Billericay, Essex. Photographer Nick Hurst, 49, of
Lavenham, Suffolk, captured the image on an outing with the Imperial Bird of Prey Academy, a falconry centre in Essex.
‘Worst lambing season’ pushes up prices Birds hatch too late in warmer springs
Oxford professor hit child at crossing
 Lamb prices are expected to rise
sharply after farmers reported having
the worst lambing season in memory.
Farmers said the late spring, which
caused death rates among newborn
lambs to soar, would have serious
implications for home-grown supply.
Wholesale prices are up 46 per cent
 A 97-year-old veteran of the Battle of
El Alamein and Oxford law professor
ran over a child on a pedestrian
crossing, a court has heard.
Tony Honoré, an honorary fellow at
New College, Oxford, was found guilty
of dangerous driving at Oxford
magistrates’ court. The court heard he
on last year, leading to a rise in prices
in supermarkets and butchers.
John Royle, chief livestock adviser
to the National Farmers’ Union, told
The Grocer that this year’s season was
“as bad as we can remember”. Supplies
of lamb are already down because of a
shortage of exports from New Zealand.
 Warmer springs are leaving birds
hungry because they hatch after the
caterpillar population has peaked,
researchers have warned.
The Universities of Exeter,
Edinburgh and Sheffield found that
the emergence of chicks was
“increasingly mismatched” with their
main food source of oak caterpillars,
which are only active for a few weeks
and are emerging earlier as springs
warm. Great tits were found to hatch
on average two days late and pied
flycatchers 13 days too late.
The research was published in the
journal Nature Ecology and Evolution.
ran through a red light at midday on
Feb 6, striking Ragnar Cadogan, nine,
who was crossing with his mother and
two siblings. The boy was not seriously
hurt. Honoré failed a roadside eyesight
test. He was ordered to pay £1,755 in
fines and costs and was banned from
driving for a year.
The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 24 April 2018
Antiques dealer claims he
thought his business was
about to go bust when he
strangled seven-year-old
By Martin Evans
AN ANTIQUES dealer strangled his
seven-year-old daughter to spare her
the “pain and upset” of bankruptcy, a
court has heard.
Robert Peters, 56, who ran a business in Kensington, London, with his
brother, claimed he had been worried
about finances when he killed Sophia
at their home in Wimbledon.
But the Old Bailey was told he had no
mortgage arrears or defaults of his accounts and there was cash in the bank.
Peters waited until his wife had gone
out before he woke Sophia up in bed by
tying a dressing gown cord around her
neck and throttling her.
Afterwards, he called 999 and told
police to come to his home telling
them: “There’s been a murder.” He said
a child had been killed, and when
asked who had done it, replied: “I
have.” When officers arrived at his
£1 million home, he told them: “She’s
upstairs. I’ve strangled her. My daughter, she’s upstairs in her bedroom.”
Sophia had a weak pulse and was
rushed to hospital, but died next day.
Following his arrest, Peters, who
had been married three times, told a
mental health nurse he had twice tried
to kill himself in 2017. He said he had
been thinking of killing his wife and
everal weeks so they
daughter for several
d the pain and upset
could be “spared
e bankrupt”.
when he became
ed he expected to go
Peters claimed
e of months and they
bust in a couple
rything. But the court
would lose everything.
minary examination of
was told a preliminary
ealed no debt.
his finances revealed
rview, he said Sophia
In police interview,
woke up as he put the
cord around herr neck
at are
and asked: “What
you doing?” He said
led a
she had struggled
little bit as he stranout 20
gled her for about
d officers it
minutes. He told
had been his lastt opportuughter as
nity to kill his daughter
she was due back at
MasterChef entrant
dies after running
London marathon
By Camilla Turner
A FORMER MasterChef contestant has died after running the London Marathon
in memory of his father.
Donations have poured in
for Matt Campbell, a professional chef from the Lake
District, who collapsed at
the 22.5-mile mark in Sunday’s race.
He received medical treatment at the scene but later
died in hospital. The exact
cause of death is yet to be determined. A keen runner, Mr
Matt Campbell
paid tribute to
his father’s
charity work
before the race
Campbell, 29, completed the
Manchester Marathon earlier this month in under
three hours.
He was a contestant on
MasterChef: The Professionals last year, with Marcus
Wareing, a judge on the
show, describing his signature dish of “cod cheeks,
spirulina, kale & kombucha”
as the best he had ever tasted
on the television contest.
Mr Campbell was raising
money for the Brathay Trust,
a charity in Ambleside, Cum-
bria, which runs training
and skills programmes for
young adults.
Before the marathon, he
had just beaten his target of
raising £2,500 but by last
night, donations on his JustGiving web page had surpassed £75,000.
On his fundraising page,
Mr Campbell told how his father Martin, who died 18
months ago, worked “tirelessly” for the charity and
through his work, had
“helped change many lives
for the good”.
Mr Campbell wrote: “As
many of you know, I lost my
father Martin 18 months ago
suddenly. The past year and
a half have been the toughest of my life but his spirit
and energy live on in me.
“Although he won’t be
there in person, I know he
will be there in spirit and I
will be running for him.”
MasterChef paid tribute to
Mr Campbell, praising him
for “some of the most innovative and groundbreaking
food we saw on the show”.
Mr Campbell began his
career in Michelin-starred
kitchens, and came second
on the BBC’s Young Chef of
the Year aged 20.
He had worked in the
French Alps as a chef for
“VIP guests”, according to
his website.
‘Obsessed’ worker
stabbed boss to death
By Martin Evans
stabbed his boss to death
and scrawled “bully” across
her forehead after she rejected his romantic advances, a court has heard.
stabbed Jill Howell 15 times
before going to police to tell
them: “In a nutshell, I have
killed my boss.”
Mr Browning, who has admitted manslaughter on the
grounds of diminished responsibility, is on trial
charged with murder.
Hove Crown Court heard
the married man with two
grown-up children worked
in the payroll department at
the University of Brighton
for almost 30 years when in
2015 Ms Howell became his
manager. He became obsessed and gave her gifts,
flowers and messages.
Alan Gardner, prosecuting, said: “He formed an intense attachment with his
boss and wanted a closer relationship with her.”
He became possessive,
controlling and jealous, Mr
Gardner added. The court
heard when Mr Browning
began to suspect Miss Howell was in a relationship, he
bought a shotgun and knife.
Her body was found at her
home in Brighton, covered
in blood. Mr Gardner said:
“The word ‘bully’ had been
scrawled across her forehead.” Mr Browning later
fetched his shotgun but
found he could not kill himself and went to the police.
Mr Browning denies murder. The trial continues.
Inquiry into naturists’
child swimming lessons
A NATURIST swimming
club is being investigated by
the council after it began
naked classes for children in
a local swimming pool.
Ryedale Naturist Club,
which holds fortnightly
swims at Derwent Pool, near
Malton, N Yorks, has come
under scrutiny after it invited under-18s to swim nude
with a parent or guardian.
Ryedale District Council,
which owns the pool, is investigating whether there is
a “risk to the welfare of children”. Luke Ives, lead coun-
cillor said: “While there is
nothing wrong in the club
hiring the pool, it must be
done in a way that does not
give risk to children. The
council will not hesitate to
take immediate action.”
The club’s website states:
“If you bring the kids we will
let them in free but they
must be accompanied at all
The club, run by “Janet”,
said its sessions were a great
way to make new friends
and insisted no sexual activity of any type took place.
Robert Peters has
admitted the
manslaughter of
daughter Sophia,
right, with the cord
of a dressing gown
boarding school after half-term break.
Peters said he had been having an affair for two-and-a-half years, moved
out of the family home, then returned
having ended it.
A post-mortem examination found
Sophia, who had a hole in the heart as a
baby, suffered fatal brain damage.
Prosecutor Mukul Chawla QC said:
“There is no dispute that the defendant
killed Sophia. The prosecution case is
that that killing amounted to murder.
“On the part of Mr Peters, it is suggested that the killing was not murder
but manslaughter.”
It was not disputed that he suffered a
“moderate” depressive illness, the Old
Bailey heard. But the prosecutor said:
“Simply suffering from such a condition is not enough to enable a killing to be reduced from murder
to manslaughter.”
Peters has admitted manslaughter but denies murder.
In the months before the
killing, he searched the internet for “serial killers”, “treatment of child killers in
prison” and “premeditated
murder”, the court was told.
The trial continues.
Father killed daughter ‘to
save her bankruptcy pain’
Tuesday 24 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
World news
By Ben Riley-Smith, Henry Samuel
and Alec Luhn
EMMANUEL MACRON will today urge
Donald Trump to keep the United
States engaged in Syria for the long run
as the pair meet in the White House.
The French president is expected to
warn that new terrorist threats could
emerge if the US disengages from the
country as it remains locked in civil
The White House has confirmed that
a “way ahead in Syria” will be discussed
in what officials predicted will be a
“full and free airing of points of view”
with Mr Macron.
America’s Syrian policy is up in the
air as Mr Trump balances his instinctive opposition to foreign intervention
with a determination to police a “red
line” over chemical weapons use.
Mr Trump said last month that
American troops would withdraw from
Syria “very soon”, only to be convinced
by advisers to stay for the time being to
defeat the last remaining Isil fighters.
Just weeks later, the US president sanctioned air strikes on Syrian regime
facilities alongside Britain and France
to punish Bashar al-Assad, the Syrian
dictator, for a chemical weapons attack.
Mr Macron, who arrived in Washington DC yesterday for a three-day
state visit, was said to have played a
central role in convincing Mr Trump to
approve the strikes.
Mr Macron also used a Fox News interview on Sunday to declare that pulling out of Syria would “leave the floor
to the Iranian regime” and Assad, adding: “They will fuel the new terrorists.”
The US president has repeatedly criticised his country’s involvement in the
Middle East, saying that America has
got “nothing” from the trillions of
pounds spent in the region in the last
S Korea mutes
over border
few decades. A decision over future
Syrian engagement has become more
pressing amid Russian media reports
that the Kremlin is considering further
arming Assad’s forces.
The Kommersant newspaper quoted
diplomatic and military sources as saying that Russia was planning to give
S-300 surface-to-air missiles to the Syrian government in the “near future”.
The move would anger Israel, which
helped quash a similar move in 2013,
and increase volatility in the region.
Sergei Lavrov, the Russian foreign minister, yesterday said that no final decision had been taken.
Mr Macron was given a red-carpet
welcome yesterday as he arrived with
his wife Brigitte, becoming the first
world leader to embark on a state visit
to the US under Mr Trump.
The Macrons were due to have a private couples dinner with the Trumps at
Mount Vernon, the home of George
Washington, America’s first president,
last night.
Mr Macron will also be given a “review of the troops” with 500 US soldiers in attendance, mirroring a
military march that Mr Trump attended during his Paris visit.
Mr Macron and Mr Trump will have a
one-on-one meeting in the Oval Office
As well as Syria, the two leaders are
expected to discuss the Iran nuclear
deal, US steel tariffs on the EU and the
Paris climate change agreement.
 Germany is reportedly considering a
major new round of defence spending,
including an estimated €1 billion
(£875 million) on new drone aircraft
over the next nine years.
The move comes amid concerns that
the country’s defence spending is
lagging behind that of allies and questions over its ability to meet its Nato
SOUTH KOREA has stopped broadcasting propaganda across the border with
the North for the first time in two years,
ahead of the first inter-Korean summit
in a decade.
Yesterday’s move came as Moon Jaein, the South Korean president, praised
the North for pledging to freeze its programme of missile tests.
North and South Korea are in the
Macron’s White
House mission is
to persuade the
US to stay in Syria
final stages of preparations for a summit between Mr Moon and Kim Jongun at the border village of Panmunjom
on Friday. Yesterday, Seoul announced
that the historic meeting would include an official dinner.
Parts of the event will be broadcast
live, and it was also reported that Kim
may make the last leg of the journey to
the venue, on the south side of the border zone, on foot.
“We hope this decision will lead
both Koreas to stop mutual criticism
and propaganda against each other and
also contribute in creating peace and a
new beginning,” the South Korean defence ministry said about the decision
to halt the broadcasts.
North Korea has about 40 of its own
propaganda loudspeakers at the border, and was expected to silence most
of them last night. In February, the
North lowered the volume of its border
propaganda after the Winter Olympics
opening ceremony in South Korea’s
Pyeongchang. The South’s propaganda
broadcasts were stopped at midnight,
the defence ministry said, without
specifying whether they would resume
after the Kim-Moon summit.
It is the first time in more than two
years the South Korean broadcasts,
which include a mixture of news, pop
music and criticism of the North Korean regime, have been halted. Broadcasts were stopped in mid-2015 only to
be restarted in January 2016 following
North Korea’s fourth nuclear test.
Pyongyang has conducted two more
nuclear tests since then.
The inter-Korean talks, and a
planned meeting between Kim and
Donald Trump in the coming weeks,
have raised hopes of an easing in tensions that reached a crescendo last year
amid a flurry of North Korean missile
trials and its largest nuclear test.
On Saturday, North Korea pledged to
The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 24 April 2018
Nine killed as Toronto van
driver goes on the rampage
‘Pulling out
of Syria
would leave
the floor to
the Iranian
regime and
Assad... They
will fuel the
Streets are turned into a
‘war zone’ after vehicle
mounts the kerb and ‘hits
people one by one’
By Rozina Sabur and Ben Riley-Smith
NINE people were killed and 16 injured
yesterday afternoon after a van driver
mounted a kerb and hit pedestrians in
Witnesses described seeing the vehicle swerve to deliberately hit victims,
leaving a baby stroller “split in half ”
and hitting people sitting on a bench.
Five of the injured were in a critical
condition and two more were described as “serious” at the Canadian
city’s Sunnybrook Hospital.
The suspect was named by local media, citing police sources, as Alek Minassian, a 25-year-old student. He was
in custody last night.
John Tory, the city’s mayor, appealed
for calm in the aftermath as he praised
the “professionalism” and “thoroughness” of the emergency services.
Ralph Goodale, Canada’s public
safety minister, declined to comment
on what may have motivated the attack. It was not clear yesterday if there
was a terrorist motive. He said: “The
police are conducting their investigation to determine what happened.”
Numerous body bags were seen in
Police at the horrific scene in Toronto when nine people were killed by a van driver
the street, according to witnesses, with
one describing the scene as like a “war
A police spokesman also said it was
too early to discuss motives.
The incident occurred in Yonge
Street and Finch Avenue area of the
city, 18 miles north of the city centre.
Boris Johnson, the Foreign Secretary, was attending a meeting of G7
ministers in the city, but the gathering
Trump pick for secretary
of state faces senators’ snub
By Ben Riley-Smith US EDITOR
Donald Trump and
first lady Melania
on the South Lawn
with President
Emmanuel Macron
and his wife Brigitte
halt nuclear and missile tests and said it
was scrapping its nuclear test site to
instead pursue economic growth and
peace. After initially welcoming the
statement, Mr Trump sounded a more
cautious note on Sunday. “We are a
long way from conclusion on North
Korea, maybe things will work out, and
maybe they won’t – only time will tell,”
he wrote on Twitter.
Mr Moon, the South’s president, said
yesterday that the move was “a green
light that improves the prospect of success of the inter-Korea and North-US
South Korean companies with exposure to the North rallied after Pyongyang’s weekend announcement.
Shares of Good People and Shinwon
Corp, which used to operate factories
in North Korea’s Kaesong industrial region near the Demilitarised Zone,
surged 8 per cent and 15 per cent respectively.
DONALD TRUMP led a last-minute
scramble for votes yesterday amid fears
his choice for America’s top diplomat
could be handed a highly unusual snub
by a committee of senators.
Mike Pompeo, proposed as Mr
Trump’s new secretary of state, was
struggling to secure enough support
on the Senate’s foreign relations committee to approve his nomination.
No secretary of state nominee has
failed to win the committee’s backing
since records began in the late 19th
century, according to the US Senate
Historical Office. Mr Pompeo’s hawkish
views on North Korea and Iran, closeness to Mr Trump and socially conservative comments made in the past have
all fallen under the spotlight.
His failure to disclose a recent meeting with Kim Jong-un, the North Korean leader, to congressmen during a
nomination hearing has also been criticised. Mr Trump tweeted: “Hard to believe Obstructionists May vote against
Mike Pompeo for Secretary of State.
“The Dems will not approve hundreds of good people, including the
Ambassador to Germany. They are
maxing out the time on approval process for all, never happened before.
Need more Republicans!”
Mr Pompeo, the current CIA director, has been proposed as the replacement for Rex Tillerson, Mr Trump’s
first secretary of state. who was fired
after falling out with the president.
A rejection does not mean that Mr
Pompeo will not take up the post. A full
vote of the US Senate, where the Republicans enjoy a 51-49 majority, would
likely follow. The last cabinet-level
nominee to be rejected by a Senate
committee but confirmed by the full
Senate was Henry Wallace, the commerce secretary, on March 1, 1945.
was not near the site of the incident.
Justin Trudeau, the Canadian prime
minister, said: “Our thoughts are with
all those affected by the terrible incident. Thank you to the first responders
working at the scene – we’re monitoring the situation closely.”
Officials asked businesses in the area
to close early in order for police to continue their “complex” investigation.
Peter Yuen, Toronto Police’s acting
chief, said: “We have located the vehicle, the driver is in custody right now
and he is being investigated.
“We can confirm right now that nine
people are dead, 16 injured.”
Mark Saunders, the city’s police
chief, who was in New York at the time,
travelled back to Toronto last night to
oversee the investigation.
Claudia Panfil, a spokesman for Ryder Systems, confirmed that one of the
company’s rental vehicles was involved
in the tragedy and they were cooperating with authorities.
Henry Miller, who lives in an apartment overlooking the street, told Sky
News he saw from his balcony “a lady
lying on the floor and the van driving
off with people running around trying
to help her”.
He said the white van “[sped] probably 60-70mph down this major road,
swerving to what I would say fairly deliberately hit pedestrians and swerving
in and out of traffic before eventually
careering off into one of the other side
streets and out of view”.
Kash Alavi described seeing victims
with faces “full of blood”, telling CNN
that the legs of those hit had been
“twisted and contorted”.
Another witness said: “He’s just hitting people one by one by one. It was a
He said he saw a baby stroller “split
in half ” and that what he had witnessed
was like “a war zone”.
Tusk testifies over plane
crash death of Polish leader
By Matthew Day in Warsaw
DONALD TUSK, the European Council
president, was questioned for over two
hours yesterday in a Warsaw court as
he gave evidence in a trial linked to the
2010 air disaster that killed the Polish
president and dozens of the country’s
political and military elite.
Mr Tusk’s appearance in court made
headlines in Poland given that Jaroslaw
Kaczynski, the leader of Poland’s ruling
party and the twin brother of Lech Kaczynski, the late president, has said he
holds him responsible, in part, for the
tragedy, which he suggests was an assassination organised by Russia.
Mr Tusk was Polish prime minister
at the time when the plane carrying
Lech Kaczynski crashed as it came into
land at Smolensk airport in western
Russia, killing all 96 on board.
Political observers say Mr Kaczynski
is using the trial to try to tarnish Mr
Tusk, who still has significant political
potential in Poland.
Mr Tusk faced hours of questioning
into events surrounding the incident as
he gave evidence in the trial of Tomasz
Arabski, his former office chief from
his days as prime minister, and four
other officials.
The five are in court following a private prosecution organised by families
of victims who claim they failed in their
official duties to ensure the safety of
the flight.
Since 2010, Mr Kaczynski and his
supporters have insisted the disaster
was not an accident, and have rejected
the findings of official investigations
that blamed factors such as pilot error
and the weather for the crash.
Despite proposing a number of conspiracy theories about the disaster,
they have so far also failed to produce
hard evidence proving the plane was
brought down by criminal activity.
Terrorist linked to Paris attack gets 20 years for trying to kill police in Brussels shoot-out
By James Crisp in Brussels
SALAH ABDESLAM, once Europe’s
most wanted man and the sole surviving suspect of the Paris terror attacks,
yesterday was jailed for 20 years for
terrorism-related attempted murder in
a shoot-out with Belgian police.
Neither Abdeslam, 28, or Sofiane
PM bows to
the people:
Yes, I will
Ayari, 24, his co-accused, were in the
Palais de Justice courtroom in Brussels
to hear the verdict over the March 2016
gun battle, which left four officers
wounded and one jihadist dead.
The Belgian-born French national
was in prison in France where he is
awaiting trial for his alleged role in the
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
By Alec Luhn in Moscow
SERZH SARGSYAN, Armenia’s long-time leader, resigned yesterday after 11
days of protests against his
attempt to remain in power
as prime minister.
“The movement of the
street is against my office.
I’m fulfilling your demands,”
Mr Sargsyan said on his website. The announcement
(Isil) attack on Paris in November 2015,
which killed 130 people.
In its judgment, the court in the Belgian capital said “there can be no
doubt” over Abdeslam and Ayari’s involvement in extremism. Ayari, who is
being held in a Belgian prison, was also
sentenced to 20 years.
Acting on a tip-off over the Paris at-
came after soldiers joined
demonstrations, which had
spread beyond Yerevan, the
capital, following 300 arrests on Sunday.
Nikol Pashinyan, the opposition leader and MP, was
released from custody and
joined protesters in celebrating, his hand still bandaged
from a march on the legislature last week.
Mr Sargsyan, who led the
country for a decade as president, was confirmed as
prime minister last Tuesday,
reversing a promise not to
take the post. His appointment, which followed a constitutional reform to shift
power to that office, was
seen by many as an attempt
to remain ruler for life.
Videos showed Armenians cheering, waving flags
and honking car horns on
Courtroom sketch of
Salah Abdeslam
flanked by security
when he appeared at
his trial at the Justice
Palace in Brussels
the streets of Yerevan. People were “screaming and
yelling with joy” at the departure, Maria Karapetyan,
an activist, told The Daily
Telegraph from outside a Yerevan holding centre, where
she was waiting for detained
protesters to be released.
The opposition would
now push for the dissolution
of the national assembly and
new elections, she added.
tacks, police had raided a flat in a suburb of Brussels – 34 shots were fired
before Abdeslam escaped.
Investigators say his arrest three
days later in the largely immigrant area
of Molenbeek, in the Belgian capital,
spurred the Brussels bombers to bring
forward the 2016 attacks. On March 22,
suicide bombers from a cell linked to
the Paris attacks killed 32 people and
wounded hundreds more at Brussels
airport and a metro station.
At an earlier hearing in Brussels, Abdeslam vowed not to answer any questions saying European courts were
prejudiced against Muslims before
adding that he was “not afraid”. He refused to attend any further hearings.
Tuesday 24 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
World news
Chinese tourists killed
in N Korea bus plunge
Thirty-two Chinese tourists were
killed when their bus fell from a bridge
in North Korea.
A Chinese foreign ministry
spokesman said the holidaymakers
and four North Koreans died in the
crash on Sunday night in North
Hwanghae province, south of
Pyongyang, the capital.
Two Chinese tourists were said to
be critically injured. Chinese state
media footage taken in pouring rain
showed the blue tour bus flipped over,
with part of its body broken.
World’s first penis and
scrotum transplant
Doctors in the US have performed the
world’s first penis and scrotum
transplant on a US military sergeant
severely injured several years ago in
an IED blast in Afghanistan.
The unnamed man is recovering
well and expected to regain both
urinary and sexual function, said
Richard Redett, who led the transplant
He told a press conference yesterday
that the patient had undergone 14
hours of surgery under a specialist
team at the Johns Hopkins Hospital in
Baltimore in late March.
Egypt’s terror fight ‘has
imperilled 420,000’
Canadian lynched over death of Peru healer
Villagers accuse father who
had left his home to study
Amazon plant medicine of
murdering wise woman
By Harriet Alexander
POLICE in Peru were last night preparing a series of arrests over the lynching
of a Canadian man accused by villagers
of murdering an 81-year-old medicine
Sebastian Woodruffe’s body was
found in a shallow grave on Saturday in
a remote village in the Amazonian
region of Ucayali.
The 41-year-old had been accused by
locals of the murder of Olivia Arevalo, a
traditional healer of the ShipiboConibo tribe. She was shot twice and
died on Thursday near her home, said
Ricardo Palma Jimenez, the head of a
group of prosecutors in Ucayali.
Arevalo had been working with traditional plant medicine since the age of
15, and came from a long line of healers,
according to the Temple of the Way of
Light centre, where she worked.
Ricardo Franco, Arevalo’s nephew,
described her as “the mother that protects the Earth in the jungle”. Woodruffe was believed to have been one of
her clients, and some reports on social
media suggested that she was killed for
refusing to perform an ayahuasca ceremony – a hallucinogenic spiritual
ritual increasingly popular with Westerners. Other reports indicated a row
over debts.
Arevalo’s sons disputed both versions, however, saying that she had
stopped performing ayahuasca ceremonies due to her health.
Locals told an indigenous news outlet that witnesses saw Woodroffe shoot
Arevalo multiple times after she sang
Woodruffe, 41, was
lynched after
Amazonian villagers
accused him of
murdering Olivia
Arevalo, 81, right, a
traditional healer
an ikaro, or curing song. He then fled,
residents alleged, prompting Arevalo’s
family members to post a “wanted”
bulletin online, showing Woodroffe’s
photo, identifying him by name and
nationality and offering a reward.
Distressing mobile phone footage,
shared on social media, showed the
attack on Woodruffe.
He is seen in the film groaning in
a puddle near a thatched-roof structure, as another man puts a rope
around his neck and drags him,
with others looking on.
Peru’s ministry of the interior
said yesterday that they were
close to making arrests in
the case.
Woodruffe, who had a
nine-year-old son, grew
up on Vancouver Island.
In a YouTube video in
2013, he said that he
had decided to leave his
job and his home in Canada to study
plant medicine in Peru. A relative’s battle with alcoholism had inspired him to
“fix the family’s spirit” and pursue a career as an addictions counsellor.
He began raising money for an apprenticeship with traditional healers in
the Amazon, writing on his fundraising
page that he felt a responsibility to “support this culture and retain some of
their treasure in me and my family, and
share it with those that wish to learn”.
Yarrow Willard, a friend, said:
“We’ve just been in shock… there is no
way this person is capable of that.”
Mr Jimenez said: “We will
not rest until both murders, of
the indigenous woman as well
as the Canadian man, are
solved. We want the people
of the Amazon to know
that there is justice, but
not justice by their own
Egypt’s military operations against
jihadists in the Sinai desert have left
420,000 people on the brink of
humanitarian crisis, according to
Human Rights Watch.
The group found that residents of
four north Sinai cities were facing
acute shortages of food, water and
medicine as the military cut roads and
electricity lines as part of its offensive.
“A counter-terrorism operation that
imperils hundreds of thousands of
civilians is unlawful and unlikely to
stem violence,” said a spokesman.
Saudi-led airstrikes kill
Yemen wedding guests
Airstrikes by a Saudi-led military
coalition battling the armed Houthi
movement killed at least 20 people
and injured a further 30 attending a
wedding in a village in north-western
Yemen late on Sunday, residents and
medical sources said.
The head of Al Jumhouri hospital in
Hajjah put the casualty toll even
higher, and told Reuters by telephone
that the hospital had received 40
bodies, most of them torn to pieces,
and that 46 people had been injured,
including 30 children, in the airstrikes.
Pet dog saves girl, 3, lost in Australian bush French queen’s stolen heart of gold is found
By Jonathan Pearlman in Sydney
A THREE-YEAR-OLD girl who got lost
in bushland in Australia was rescued
after the family dog followed her,
stayed by her side overnight and then
helped searchers to find her.
The girl, Aurora, wandered off from
her family’s remote rural home in
Queensland at about 3pm on Friday.
She was followed into the bush by the
family’s pet, Max, a 17-year-old partially
deaf and blind cattle dog, which stayed
beside her for 16 hours as the temperature dropped and rain fell. The pair apparently sheltered under a rock.
In the morning, about 100 emergency workers and local volunteers set
off at first light to try to find Aurora.
She was discovered at about 7.30am
after Leisa Marie Bennett, the girl’s
grandmother, heard her crying faintly
from the top of a mountain, about a
mile from home. “When I heard her
yell ‘Grammy’ I knew it was her,” Ms
Bennett told ABC News. “I shot up the
mountain... and when I got to the top,
the dog came to me and led me straight
to her. He never left her sight.”
Kelly Benston, Ms Bennett’s partner,
wrote on Facebook that Aurora was
found with a “few scratches from brush
but wasn’t even scared”.
Following the rescue, Queensland’s
police force named Max an honorary
police dog.
By Henry Samuel in Paris
POLICE have recovered a stolen 16th
century gold case containing the heart
of the only woman to have twice been
crowned queen of France.
Thieves broke in to the Thomas-Dobrée Museum in Nantes earlier this
month, making off with the 6in oval
case containing the heart of Anne of
Brittany, despite setting off an alarm.
Local reports said that police had
now found the reliquary, which was
crafted in 1514, along with a statuette
and gold coins at an unspecified location not far from nearby Saint-Nazaire.
Two men in their early twenties
have been arrested and charged with
“association with criminals” and “theft
of cultural assets”. Two other suspects
are at large.
The reliquary, topped by a gold
crown with nine fleurs-de-lis, the
French royal motif, is considered a mas-
terpiece. It has been displayed at the
museum for more than 130 years.
The relic has huge symbolic value in
the region as Queen Anne defended the
autonomy of Brittany, then a duchy
linked by treaty to France and often referred to as “Little Britain”.
Anne married Charles VIII of France
in 1491, ascending the throne as queen
consort at the age of 12. After he died
without an heir in 1498, she married
Louis XII a year later.
The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 24 April 2018
Tuesday 24 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Be it ever so
humble, there
really is no
place like loam
To order prints
or signed copies
of any Telegraph
cartoon, go to
or call 0191 603
0178 
ccording to Kathryn
Bradley-Hole, the
outgoing Gardens
Editor of Country Life
magazine, we are in a
golden age of gardening. To
those of you with a carefully
nurtured back yard or a
well-tended allotment, this
may come as no surprise.
But – lovely as your lawns
may be – you’re not the only
ones driving the trend.
It’s a more unlikely
bunch: younger,
metropolitan, able to name
you three different
avocado-based meals.
I know, because I am one: a
garden-obsessed millennial,
who moved several miles
away from a Tube stop in
order to get custodianship
of a balcony.
People like me – those
with little homes, barely any
outside space and endless
digital demands – find the
same solace in growing
things that gardeners always
have, even if we don’t have
the ground to do it in.
I taught myself the
rudiments of horticulture –
light, exposure, seasons and
patience – in four square
metres of north-facing,
windswept concrete. Now,
happily graduated onto my
second balcony, I continue
to delight in the challenges
that occur when one can’t
even take soil for granted.
Vertical planting, indoor
LED lighting, getting
windowsills put in
specifically for germination
– these are the things I have
resorted to for the
satisfaction of growing
As a container gardener,
you have to be inventive.
I strung up chicken wire
against a brick wall for
sweet peas. Last year’s
tomato crop emerged from a
Bag for Life, which was then
folded down and stashed
away for this summer.
At last year’s RHS Chelsea
Flower Show I found Kate
Gould’s City Living Garden
(which took home a Gold
medal) the most inspiring,
because she proved that
three different types of
garden could fit into one
urban home.
Luckily there’s plenty of
inspiration out there for
modern gardeners.
Instagram has been
integral to my own
gardening journey – I
set up a plant-based
Instagram account,
@noughticulture, and found
myself immersed in a world
where people such as Monty
Don and New Perennials
master Piet Oudolf share
their daily gardening snaps,
while indoor gardening
gurus such as Gardener’s
World’s James Wong
enthuse about tiny, foliagepacked troughs bringing
much-needed calming
greenery into rented flats.
The new vogue for house
plants, in particular, has
sparked a wave of
horticultural ingenuity
– and anyone who’s scared
of garden centres can find
house plants for sale in
Urban Outfitters on the high
I like to think that this
recent boom in gardening is
happening because some of
us are proving it can be
accessible. You don’t need
an acre of land or a healthy
bank balance to develop
green fingers, just a little
gumption and an open
But really, the primary
reason I keep growing in the
face of ignorance, error and
vine weevil is because it
makes me feel good. If I’ve
had a wearying commute, a
frustrating day at work or a
bad night’s sleep, five
minutes tending to the
plants delivers a muchneeded meditation,
every time.
And maybe, in our
increasingly hectic lives,
that’s where we find
ourselves putting our best
creative energies.
Alice Vincent is the author of
How to Grow Stuff: Easy,
no-stress gardening for
beginners (Ebury, £12.99)
FOLLOW Alice Vincent on
Twitter @alice_emily;
The Conservatives can yet avoid
Labour’s customs union traps
Jeremy Corbyn coming
to power would be worse
for the United Kingdom
than any aspect of Brexit
heresa May and the
Conservatives have
had a better few months.
While the Windrush
debacle has been deeply
embarrassing for all
concerned, the Government has
nevertheless proved to be stronger
and more competent than many
detractors allowed.
In rallying most western countries
into a joint and massive expulsion of
Russian intelligence officers, ministers
pulled off a considerable diplomatic
success. Their response to the use of
chemical weapons in Syria was
well-judged and left Labour divided
and floundering. Recent months have
also seen a competent budget and the
maintenance of reasonable economic
confidence despite all the
uncertainties of Brexit. Many aspects
of the EU withdrawal agreement have
been nailed down in a constructive
spirit. The Tories are even credited
with a small poll lead.
Yet it would be very easy for this
hard-earned progress to be lost in
short order, and for the Government
soon to be in the midst of an existential
crisis. For in the next two months, the
Brexit process reaches a crossroads
where the irreconcilable requirements
of assuaging business sentiment,
securing future trading freedom and
maintaining an open border with
Ireland meet and have to be sacrificed,
amended or assured. The question of
whether the UK stays in a Customs
Union with the EU is integral to all
those issues, and thus is becoming the
fundamental and decisive controversy.
By June, a solution to the Irish
border issue will either be in sight, or
the whole prospect of a Brexit deal will
again be in doubt. And by then, the
Government will have been unable to
avoid a series of occasions on which
the Commons considers a Customs
Union, with no guarantee at all that
Theresa May’s policy of leaving it can
command a majority.
Unless the Conservatives find a
disciplined and collective way through
this, these problems will feed on each
other. The prospect of Government
defeats in parliament will embolden
EU negotiators to take a harder line; no
solution to the Irish border acceptable
to the UK will be agreed; a majority of
the Commons might then vote for a
Customs Union; many pro-Brexit
Tories would say they cannot abide by
that; and the conduct of the
negotiations and credible government
becomes almost or actually
impossible. It’s a grim but plausible
Avoiding this requires, first of all,
discipline at the top of government.
Weekend reports of a Number 10
adviser saying they “wouldn’t be
crying into their beer” if defeated on
the Customs Union and suggesting
that “only” Boris Johnson and Liam
Fox would quit if the policy changed
are the sort of thing that can bring
catastrophe. Nothing undermines a
leader more than the idea taking hold
that you don’t mind having something
imposed on you, because from then on
everyone will try to impose their view
in a free-for-all. Most of all, however, it
requires other Tories consciously to
avoid the elephant traps so obviously
prepared for them – traps designed to
bring down the entire Government or
to humiliate Britain in the
negotiations. The first has been
prepared by the Labour Party, by
saying they will join rebel Tories in
voting to insist on a Customs Union.
The sole motivation of Jeremy
Corbyn for doing this is to get into
power, since he has shown no
evidence of believing in it and has no
credible policy to bring it about on the
conditions he has set. The wise
response of the Tory MPs being
offered such “support” would be to
say: “We are trying to persuade our
colleagues but will not be used to
bring down our own Government and
replace it with the most extreme
Left-wing administration in our
history. We will state our case but not
break our party.”
The EU itself has fashioned a more
elaborate trap for Brexiteer MPs. By
rejecting out of hand British proposals
for handling the Irish border, they can
tip the harder-line Conservative MPs
and ministers into opposing Theresa
May’s attempts at compromise, such as
a “customs partnership”. With no
compromise agreed, Britain will
increasingly be forced to the back-stop
position agreed to last December, that
regulations in Northern Ireland have
to be kept aligned with the Republic.
And since we cannot accept an
economic border down the Irish Sea,
that means all of the UK aligned with
the EU, even after we’ve left it.
The way to dodge this trap is to say:
“We will bend over backwards to solve
the Irish border question, even if we
have to agree customs procedures on
manufactured goods which are pretty
FOLLOW William
Hague on Twitter
close to being in a customs union,
because otherwise the whole idea of
Brexit is going to lose its point. And we
too will not be used to break up our
In other words, everyone now has to
choose the lesser of evils. In these
pages a few weeks ago, I drew
attention to the attractions of a “partial
customs union”, as set out in a paper
from the Institute of Directors.
Alternatives, such as the plans put
forward by UK negotiators for
charging different customs duties
depending on the destination of goods
crossing the border are more complex
but also a serious attempt to find an
answer. What is crucial, though, is that
political chaos on the Tory side would
be much worse than any of these ideas.
As a Conservative, I can accept
Brexit without a customs union, or
Brexit with a partial one, but I can’t
accept that any Tory should make this
issue unmanageable for a Prime
Minister who has been doing her level
best to guide the country through this
very complicated process. Any real
prospect of the Labour leadership
coming to power would be worse for
business, investment, confidence, jobs
– not to mention the western alliance
– than any aspect of leaving the EU.
Britain can prosper in or out of the EU.
It has no hope of doing so with a
Marxist-led government.
So as the debates of the next few
weeks gather pace, sounding so
technical over border procedures and
customs, remember what is really
going on. For Labour, this is the
vehicle to bring down the
Government. For some in Brussels, it
might very well be that too.
No Tory should give them the
chance. They should see the traps,
and, for the country’s sake, watch
where they’re walking.
Canada would never cede trade control
Our relationship with the
US is similar to the UK’s
with the EU: our priority is
sovereignty in all its forms
hould the UK leave the EU
Customs Union? As a Canadian,
it’s not my job to decide. But
given that my country’s economic
relationship with its closest trading
partner, the United States, is regularly
compared with that of the UK to the
EU, Canada’s experience could still be
of use to our British friends. And one
thing is clear: whatever the claimed
benefits, we would never dream of
entering a customs union with the US.
While they are effective, this isn’t
because the current border
arrangements are perfect. Canada and
the US have a free trade deal, and
make use of some of the technological
solutions now being proposed for the
Irish border, but wait times can be
lengthy and frustrating, depending
on the volume of traffic. There are
restrictions on goods and services that
can be purchased and taken across the
Canada-US border, too.
It’s not because Canada is
protectionist, either. Far from it. The
country supports capitalism and free
markets; it has signed various trade
deals, including the North American
Free Trade Agreement in 1994.
Nevertheless, despite suggestions
over the years that Canada should
integrate further with the US – join a
customs union, even adopt a single
currency – it’s not going to happen.
And the reason is simple:
notwithstanding the current US
president’s attitudes to trade, my
country wants to maintain some
degree of sovereignty to ensure it can
always determine its economic fate, as
well as its own particular character.
The US is our largest trading
partner, but there is a political
consensus that it would be unwise to
place limitations on our ability to build
global economic ties, that Canada
needs diverse economic relationships
to thrive. That’s why former Prime
Minister Stephen Harper, a Tory, and
current Prime Minister Justin
Trudeau, a Liberal, both worked
towards a free trade deal with the EU
(which will remove roughly 98 per
cent of all tariffs), and supported a
trans-Pacific trade deal, too. A customs
union with the US would severely
handicap Canada’s ability to take
advantage of economic opportunities
and enhance trade liberalisation.
One of the arguments in favour of a
customs union is that it would remove
the threat of a trade war and,
admittedly, crippling tariffs have
caused their fair share of problems
with respect to Canada-US trade
relations. Our countries have fought
over duties and levies related to the
car industry and softwood lumber.
The NAFTA renegotiation process
almost hit a stumbling block recently
when it became unclear whether
Canada and Mexico would be exempt
from US-imposed steel and aluminum
tariffs. (Both nations have been
excluded for the time being.) Donald
Trump is frustrated by Canada’s
protectionism towards its dairy and
poultry industries.
But the other way of looking at this
is that, if Canada and the US can’t find
common ground on tariffs between
each other, it would be just as difficult
to find common ground with respect
to tariffs on other countries. And if
Britain remained in the EU Customs
Union, it wouldn’t even have a seat at
the table deciding these things.
Finally, the border is a matter of
politics, not just economics. Since 9/11,
security concerns have reduced the
free flow of goods and services. While
the Canadian side believes in strong
security measures, we’re more relaxed
in the way we look at particular issues.
Marijuana will be legalised in Canada
later this year, for instance, and that’s
led some US politicians to call for
stricter border regulations against
Canadians who may have smoked pot.
Hence, a customs union couldn’t be
established, and wouldn’t be desirable,
because Canada and the US look at
politics, economics and culture in
different ways. We’re close friends,
allies and trading partners, and
hopefully always will be, but we’re not
a symbiotic creature like the Borg
from Star Trek. Our differences are
profound and will always remain so.
There may be aspects of Canada-US
trade relations that Britain emulates
post-Brexit. When it comes to the EU
Customs Union, the view from Canada
is that it would be politically and
economically beneficial for Mrs May to
get Britain out as quickly as possible.
Michael Taube was an aide to
former Canadian Prime Minister
Stephen Harper
The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 24 April 2018
Letters to the Editor
Brexit about freedom
– not restrictions
or a few weeks, Westminster’s
preoccupation with Brexit was
supplanted by the diplomatic and
military implications of the Salisbury
poisoning outrage and the use of
chemical weapons in Syria. Inevitably,
however, the gravitational pull of the UK’s decision
to leave the EU has reasserted itself. With only
11 months left to the official Brexit Day, the end
game is starting to be played out in Parliament.
The chosen battleground is the customs union
– whether we should stay in one with the EU and,
if we don’t, what happens about the border in
Northern Ireland. Those who have tried to keep
track of the increasingly Byzantine discussions on
this issue have cause to wonder what is going on.
The Conservatives promised in their manifesto
last year to leave the customs union. Labour, at
least until recently, said it would do likewise. The
two parties between them secured more than 80
per cent of the vote last June; so why is it still being
debated? In addition, the Commons has twice
voted decisively to leave the customs union. On the
most recent occasion, an amendment to the EU
Withdrawal Bill was defeated by 322 votes to 99.
Yet last week the subject was resurrected by the
House of Lords and, on Thursday, MPs will debate
a Labour motion calling for some sort of customs
arrangement to be established after Brexit. While
this is non-binding, a further set of votes next
month will force the Government’s hand if it is
defeated. Number 10 has insisted that the policy
remains intact and that the UK will leave any form
of customs union. But with no guaranteed majority
in the Commons, this is not something Mrs May
can be certain of delivering.
Her fate – and that of Brexit in any meaningful
sense – will be in the hands of a dozen or so Remain
Tory MPs who have signalled their support for
staying in a customs union. The main reason they
give is to fulfill Mrs May’s promise not to introduce
“physical infrastructure” on the frontier between
the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. But
we are in danger of becoming stuck in a definitional
morass. We are not establishing a border between
the two countries. There has been one since
partition in 1921. To ensure the integrity of the
border with the EU is not compromised, it should
be possible to work out technical arrangements,
whether through trusted trader schemes, small
business exemptions, in-country checks and mutual
recognition agreements to cover most goods traffic
that would ensure seamless trade. Most of this can
be done using new technology like barcode ID,
automatic number plate recognition cameras and all
the other commonplace paraphernalia of modern
life. These only constitute a “hard border” if they
are defined as such. The Government should stop
doing so. This issue is being used by those who
want to keep us in the EU and by Brussels
negotiators to stymie Brexit or to force the UK into a
deal which would not be in its national interest.
Staying in a customs union would mean Britain
could not strike its own trade deals and would be
subject to whatever the EU negotiated.
Conservative MPs were elected on a manifesto
promising to leave the customs union and cannot in
all conscience now vote the other way. They need to
consider, too, the ramifications of defeating the
Government on this issue. It is not just a minor
technical matter but goes to the heart of what Brexit
is all about – the freedom to make our own decisions
on who we trade with, who crosses our borders and
who sets our laws.
A cheering birth
he birth of a baby son to the Duke and
Duchess of Cambridge has cheered the
nation. Like the sudden arrival of spring it is
a welcome antidote to the idiocies and perils of
politics. Everyone but a curmudgeon is curious
about the arrival of the 8lb 7oz prince, fifth in line
to the throne. Curiosity was soon rewarded with a
glimpse of the little child in his mother’s arms as
the Duchess left hospital, supported by the proud
father. But there are about 100,000 third children
born in this country each year, and we hear little
enough about any not closely related to us.
The royal baby is different. That is not wrong,
and it is no offence against equality. Indeed, on the
narrow question of sexual equality, this is the first
baby boy in line to the throne not to supplant his
elder sister in the succession. But there is a much
bigger point about why most British people are
rightly delighted by the royal birth. The unrivalled
authority on the English constitution, Walter
Bagehot, had an inkling about the reason.
“A princely marriage,” he wrote, “is the brilliant
edition of a universal fact, and, as such, it rivets
mankind.” What goes for the marriage of a prince
(William, say, or Harry) goes for a prince’s birth. Of
course Bagehot, deep as he was in constitutional
law, was a bit of a showman. He pictured a whole
royal family on the throne, as it were. Perhaps he
went too far. Victoria was a loved monarch, as is
our own Queen, but Victoria’s uncles were a mixed
bunch and so were her offspring. No, today we are
blessed with a monarch beyond our deserts, and to
the Crown our Armed Services, police and public
servants swear loyalty. We rejoice in the birth of a
royal baby because it is a baby of all the realm,
sharing our prosperity, liberties and hopes.
A happy royal birthday
SIR – I welcome the insistence by No 10
that the Government will honour its
manifesto pledge to leave the customs
This may be in a different league
from tuition fees, but as any Lib Dem
will tell you, the price of taking the
electorate for fools and reneging on an
explicit promise is catastrophic.
Perhaps for them to be able to claim
they helped force the Conservatives to
betray the majority who voted Leave
would be their ultimate revenge.
Lord Shinkwin
London SW1
SIR – What marvellous timing – a royal
birth on St George’s Day.
William Haly
London SW6
SIR – Where MPs are attempting to
sabotage Brexit, it is time for
Conservative constituency committee
members to put the interests of the
nation before loyalty to an individual.
These people won their seats on a
manifesto which explicitly promised
to leave the customs union. To seek to
defeat the Government on this issue
now is a negation of democracy.
Colin Bullen
Tonbridge, Kent
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SIR – Why are the Lords in their palace
still trying to influence Brexit? They
are all unelected and the main point of
Brexit is to get out from under all
unelected politicians, is it not?
John Cooper
Minehead, Somerset
home industries and services, France
and Germany being among the worst
offenders. Being outside and free to
define our economic structure will
benefit the majority in this country.
David James
Chaddesley Corbett, Worcestershire
SIR – I listened to Ken Clarke MP
yesterday on Today arguing in favour
of remaining in the EU customs union.
I am fed up with the BBC waking him
up in the morning to wheel him out as
the arch remoaner. He refuses to
accept that David Cameron made it
very clear before the referendum that
a vote to leave meant leaving the single
market and the customs union.
He also continues to refer to the EU
as the largest free trade area in the
world. If only. The EU is in fact the
world’s largest protectionist economy,
maintaining high external tariff
barriers for all imported goods, raising
costs for all citizens and impeding
growth in the economy.
Even inside the EU most countries
maintain non-tariff barriers to protect
SIR – When one considers the EU
negotiators’ intransigent attitude
towards Brexit negotiations, the saying
“Where there’s a will, there’s a way”
springs to mind. It is clear that they do
not have either.
Anthony Haslam
Farnham, Surrey
SIR – Jeremy Corbyn must be tickled
pink, as it were, that the Duchess of
Cambridge laboured to produce
another royal heir on St George’s Day,
the very day he proposes as a new
public holiday.
If granted his wish that April 23
should annually be “a celebration of
our country’s tradition”, he can be sure
it will be a right royal celebration.
Sandra Miles-Taylor
Downderry, Cornwall
SIR – As the EU plans to take between
£35 billion and £39 billion from the
British taxpayer on our departure (an
amount desperately needed to fill its
coffers), and wishes to continue to sell
us £314billion of goods and services
annually, with Britain sustaining a
trade deficit of £82 billion, why do we
act like the supplicant?
Pauline Coleman
Painswick, Gloucestershire
SIR – I am delighted that the Duchess
has given birth to a baby boy, but
astounded that the BBC reported the
weight in pounds and ounces. This is a
bad lapse by the Corporation, normally
determined to bring the entire nation
under the metrication thumb.
Bill Soens
Ormskirk, Lancashire
Talkative tables
Bishop Bell cleared
SIR – That the Sussex Police have now
dropped their second investigation
into alleged paedophilia on the part of
the late Bishop George Bell (report,
April 23) is wonderful news, especially
to the people of Chichester, whose
spiritual leader he was for nearly 30
The Archbishop of Canterbury (with
the present bishop of Chichester, the
Rt Rev Martin Warner) must surely
now apologise comprehensively for
their continued smearing of Bell’s
reputation in recent months.
Sad to say, not one currently serving
bishop of the Church of England was
brave enough to challenge Archbishop
Welby’s position on the subject. Since
26 bishops, including the Archbishop
of Canterbury and the Bishop of
Chichester, are among our legislators
as members of the House of Lords,
that’s a deeply depressing thought.
Tim Hudson
Chichester, West Sussex
SIR – The many people disappointed
by Archbishop Welby’s nonacceptance of the independent report
by Lord Carlile into the Bishop Bell
case and by his insistence that the late
bishop was still “under a significant
cloud”, will be much cheered by your
front-page news.
That the police are not pursuing the
latest allegation must bring us to the
time when, nationally, the Archbishop
will, if not apologise, at least recant the
besmirching of Bishop Bell.
At diocesan level, surely this is a
perfect moment to restore
Chichester’s memorials to Bishop Bell,
in particular George Bell House.
Christopher Hoare
Chichester, West Sussex
Carry on casting
established 1855
Voters won’t forgive breaking manifesto pledge to leave customs union
Not the only way: ‘Essex – Quicker by Train’, a poster for LNER by Tom Purvis, from 1933
Strong loyalty to the historic counties endures
sir – The 1974 local government
reform did not abolish the
traditional county (report, April 23).
It simply set up administrative
regions that confusingly became
called “counties”.
This ignored the feelings of those
of us who were proud of our county
history and, at the same time,
created lots of anomalies, especially
here in the Palatine County of
Lancashire Cricket Club and
several teams in the Lancashire
League do not play in the 1974
administrative “Lancashire”.
Southport is in Merseyside but is on
the Ribble, not the Mersey, estuary.
Perhaps the silliest effect of the
1974 administrative regions being
confused with real counties is some
addresses. The post code of our
home is WA3, placing it in
Warrington, Cheshire. The post
office at which we may pick up mail
for this address is in Earlstown,
Merseyside. We are administered by
Wigan Metro, Greater Manchester.
But we are Lancastrians – and proud
of it.
Dr Malcolm Greenhalgh
Lowton, Lancashire
sir – There are many reasons why
people continue to use historic
county names. One is that the names
of many local newspapers continue
unchanged – so we have the
Cumberland News and the
Westmoreland Gazette, both
published in Cumbria.
The main reason however, is the
fact that in 2013, Eric Pickles, as
Secretary of State for Communities
and Local Government, formally
recognised and acknowledged the
continued existence of England’s 39
historic counties.
Peter Froggatt
Dorking, Surrey
Closing fast food outlets is a fat lot of good
SIR – The nurse pictured (above left)
with Sid James in Carry on Doctor
(1967) on yesterday’s Letters page was
played by the actress Valerie Van Ost,
not June Jago (above right), who
played Sister Hoggett. I know because
Valerie is a friend of ours and she
hasn’t changed a bit after 51 years.
Ann Saunders
Petersfield, Hampshire
SIR – The Royal College of Paediatrics
and Child Health wants fast food
outlets banned within 400 yards of
every school in the country, to tackle
the obesity epidemic (report, April 23).
The authors of such reports may be
well educated but seem to have no
idea about the lives of the people they
try to save from themselves.
There is no part of our lives that
recent governments have felt they
cannot interfere in, nudging us to do
the right thing, according to their
criteria. If that fails, they legislate to
stop our nasty habits.
The only way to deny youngsters
fast food without inconveniencing
everybody else who lives near a
school would be to restrict the sale by
age, as with tobacco. But for some
schoolchildren these places are their
only source of supper. Not all parents
cook for their children. But I guess the
authors of the report do not know this.
Margie Haynes
Colchester, Essex
SIR – Wynne Weston-Davies (Letters,
April 21) is right: round tables are a
curse. I know it is a “first-world
problem”, but I have suffered many
evenings and wedding receptions
placed between my husband (whom I
love but see every day) and another
person, often a complete stranger,
sometimes a bit deaf.
With a large table, flowers and
candles, and a low ceiling that
produces a high ambient noise level,
conversation becomes hard work.
The perfect table is small and
narrow, with just enough space for
essentials – preferably two or three
seats each side and one each end.
Result: a merry conversation.
Stephanie Webster
Woking, Surrey
Cameron’s short story
SIR – One can imagine David Cameron,
the former prime minister, in his
shepherd’s hut, lost for words for his
autobiography (report, April 23). Let
me help.
Chapter One – The Referendum.
“I’m sorry.”
The End.
Mark Peaker
Hong Kong
SIR – Mr Cameron’s delay in
completing his autobiography is
said to have been caused by “writer’s
block”. Surely this is a problem which
only bedevils creators of fiction?
Lindsay Jones
Poole, Dorset
Latest shopping trend
SIR – Jemima Lewis (Comment, April
20) writes of the convenience of
Amazon, buying goods online one day
and having them delivered the next.
In the Welsh borders we do things
better. If we need something, we get in
the car, motor to Wrexham or Chester
(both five miles away), buy what we
choose and are home within the hour.
No waiting around for delivery men.
No trips to the post office to return
items of the wrong colour or of the
wrong size. Superbly convenient.
Sarah C Fontes
Rossett, Denbighshire
Stirring spectacle
SIR – I would strongly advise readers
not to use pencils to stir their coffee
and tea (Letters, April 21). Whenever a
teaspoon is not available, I use an arm
of my spectacles.
Diana Crook
Seaford, East Sussex
Social media is a public health emergency
Governments must
embrace the inevitable and
regulate the web as they
do alcohol and cigarettes
o you know what will eventually
do for social media? The health
issue: it’s killing us, mind and
body. As I predicted that on Sky News
the other day, it occurred to me that,
in a previous decade I would’ve said
it with a cigarette on the go, the
interviewer pausing to offer me a light.
But just as health scares stopped
smoking in public, so social media will
eventually become a taboo, even a
matter for state regulation. I for one
will be very happy. I wish we could
uninvent it altogether.
Not a week goes by without another
story of its deficiencies. Martin Lewis,
the consumer campaigner, is suing
Facebook: he says at least 50 fake ads
appeared on the platform using his
name, causing reputational damage.
Good for Mr Lewis. Mark Zuckerberg is
as responsible for what’s posted on his
site as I would be for permitting racist
haikus to be painted on my roof, and it’s
time to stop passing the buck. We’ve
had the conversation about how
individual users need to learn to be
nicer online and, thanks to other legal
actions, we’re slowly getting there – but
there will always be extremists, fake
news and frauds, and these platforms
ought to have found a better way of
weeding them out by now. They insist
they’re trying their best and that it’s
awfully hard – but as Mr Lewis says,
their business model militates against
doing what it takes. He’s right. Why
wouldn’t these sites want to stick to a
Wild West model that keeps costs low
while maximising profit?
There is always a gap between the
invention of something and its
regulation, in which it is argued that
it’s too ingenious, too dynamic to be
controlled by politicians who don’t
understand it (and, yes, most of them
don’t). Social media is the 21st century
equivalent of the railroad or
pharmaceutical pioneers, who also
warned that, if you regulate them, it
would kill them. We did. It didn’t.
They just became safer, and evolved
from industries that were wholly
speculative to those with a more fixed,
responsible relationship to the rest of
society. This process is so historically
commonplace, you might almost call it
inevitable. The question isn’t when
social media will be brought to heel
but by what.
As Mrs Lovejoy cries in The
Simpsons: “Won’t somebody please
think of the children?” Step forward,
Jeremy Hunt. The Health Secretary
says that he asked the social media
companies six months ago to discuss
improving the mental health of kids
who use social media, but that almost
nothing has been done. Now he’s
threatening legislation. Mr Hunt is
concerned with enforcing age
restrictions, tackling cyber-bullying
and limiting screen time. The best of
what he’s calling for isn’t censorship of
content, which would be a violation of
everyone’s civil liberties, but controls
on access, which we apply selectively
all the time to obviously bad things.
Smoking isn’t outlawed – we just say
three-year-olds can’t do it. Drinking
alcohol is perfectly legal – we just ask
you don’t imbibe before driving a bus.
The internet meets all the necessary
qualifications for control of exposure:
it is addictive, is linked to rising levels
of depression, and we all know that
sitting hunched over a screen all day
swiping right is bad for the body.
The counter argument is that we
should control the use of social media
by us and our children; that we must
exercise a bit of discipline. I’d agree
but for the unusual thing about
computer technology: we cannot
escape the damned thing. Even as an
adult who has conquered smoking and
a dangerous addiction to wargaming,
I’ve found it near impossible not to be
sucked into social media, which I’m
required to be on by my job
(otherwise, I’d delete my accounts and
throw my phone in the river). How can
I expect children to avoid its
temptations when all their friends are
on it and schools – for some eccentric
reason – actively teach and encourage
the use of electronic devices? To ask
parents to regulate an evil that the rest
of society is pushing down our throats
is a bit rich.
There is thus something absurd
about executives at the tech giants
announcing that they limit their own
children’s access to social media – not
only because it smacks of hypocrisy
but because we all know such
discipline is near-impossible now.
Their kids will be on Facebook.
They’re all on Facebook, even if you
don’t know it.
Some day, the puritanism of the
Silicon Valley elites will catch on.
Restaurants will ban the use of
iPhones at the table. When drunk and
in the mood, we’ll have to pop outside
the pub to stand in the street and have
a cheeky Tweet.
But governments do need to take a
lead, both for the sake of public health
and to confront monopolies that
exercise far too much power.
For writing this column, I will be
accused of advancing censorship, but
make no mistake: social media is in the
mindbending business, too. It is
dominated by the Left and, enjoying an
astonishing reach right into your
homes and schools, is pushing a liberal
cultural agenda that will, in time, do as
much damage as the internet has done
to our spines and self-esteem. We are
reaching a historical moment when the
state must play nanny and say: “Switch
it off, children – and go outside.”
FOLLOW Tim Stanley on Twitter
@tim stanley;
Tuesday 24 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Puzzles, mind games and Telegraph Toughie
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The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 24 April 2018
Shane Watson
Why we all have a
marriage crush
Page 22
‘Secret’ billionaire
Meet the British
businessman who’s
given away £1 bn
Page 23
‘This statue has a
bigger story to tell’
Robert Trevino
‘I have this sense I’m
going to die young
Page 27
As Parliament Square gets its first female statue, after a Telegraph
campaign, Rosa Silverman talks to its creator Gillian Wearing
Getting together
Pooling resources
makes sense Page 25
hat might aliens
think of British
society if they
landed in our
capital city and
judged us by our
civic statues alone? It is a question that
has long troubled Justine Simons,
London’s deputy mayor for culture
and creative industries, who quips:
“They’d conclude that we mainly
travel around on horseback and that
we’re all blokes.” Perhaps not for much
longer. Today, the first statue of a
woman in Parliament Square will be
A bronze of the suffragist leader
Millicent Fawcett, it was created by
Gillian Wearing; a Turner Prizewinning artist and also now the first
woman to have produced a statue in
the historic square. To date, the area
directly opposite our seat of
democracy – and one of London’s main
tourist attractions – has been home to
11 statues of men, all designed by men.
The monument came about
following a campaign by activist
Caroline Criado Perez (who had
previously lobbied to put Jane Austen
on the new £10 note) and The Daily
Telegraph, which published an open
letter to Sadiq Khan, the London
Mayor, in May 2016. It called for a
statue celebrating suffrage to be
placed in Parliament Square in 2018 to
mark the centenary of the
Representation of the People Act,
which gave some women in Britain
Votes for women: artist Gillian
Wearing, above, poses with the
maquette of her bronze statue of
suffragist Millicent Fawcett, below
the vote for the first time, and was
backed by Emma Watson, J K Rowling
and others.
Wearing, a feminist who has
previously described her working
method as “editing life”, declares
herself to have been surprised by the
lack of female statues. “Until someone
launched a campaign, it wasn’t going
to organically appear,” she says.
“Women form half the population yet
there’s no representation.”
Ahead of the anticipated
unveiling, in a small room near the
top of City Hall, she has met Simons
– chairman of the Suffragette Statue
Commission that selected her as the
woman for the job – to look back at
the journey that started in The
Telegraph and has led them to this
Wearing, 54, who is dressed in
Barbour jacket, jeans and trainers,
admits she was “amazed” to have
been selected. One of the so-called
Young British Artists who
dominated the art scene in the
Nineties, she is known for her
conceptual pieces and, she says, had
“never actually done historical
work. I didn’t imagine I was going to
get [the commission] to be honest. I
thought I wouldn’t be in the
running. Then I got a call to say I
was on the shortlist – and was the
only one on the shortlist – and that
was fantastic.”
For Simons and her team,
Wearing’s status as a contemporary
artist made her all the more suitable
for the job. “A lot of the bronze pieces
Continued on page 22
Tuesday 24 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
you see, there’s not much
contemporary perspective on them,”
Simons reflects.
The challenge for Wearing, then,
was to create something for a
historical square already populated
with historical pieces (other statues
there include Winston Churchill,
Mahatma Gandhi, Benjamin Disraeli
and Nelson Mandela), and make it
relevant. The resulting bronze
“really did nail that”, says Simons.
Fawcett, who led the movement for
women’s suffrage in Britain, has been
cast with a banner in her hands.
“Courage calls to courage
everywhere,” read the words
inscribed upon it, taken from a
speech she gave following the death
of Emily Wilding Davison, who was
trampled by King George V’s horse at
the Epsom Derby in 1913.
Why this slogan in particular?
“It’s open-ended, so it can make
you think about your own
perspective,” says Wearing. “You
want to bring people in and not
make them feel as if they’re distant
to it. I think ‘courage calls to
courage’ opens up your
imagination and makes you think
about what it can mean, but it’s also
on from
to marry
that single
celebrity to
to know
all about
their perfect
‘I hope it makes
people feel this is
how movements can
bring about change’
a rallying cry,” she adds.
Not only this, but it brings into the
mix the suffragettes. “Millicent was
anti-militant, but she wrote those
words after Davison’s death and it
was her way of acknowledging that
the suffragettes were also very
important,” says Wearing. “Including
them on the banner was a way of
acknowledging both the suffragettes
and suffragists.”
Controversy surrounded the
choice of Fawcett for the statue,
with some calling for a more
recognisable figure such as Sylvia
Pankhurst – a leader of the
suffragette movement, which was
willing to use violence in the fight
for the vote. Fawcett, by contrast,
was a suffragist who founded the
National Union of Women’s Suffrage
and preferred to lobby peacefully.
Those behind the statue have
argued that her tireless work
represents the long, arduous battle
for the 1918 Act – and subsequent
1928 Act, giving every woman in
Britain the vote and which Fawcett
only just lived to see, dying in 1929
aged 82.
Yet, this is not a monument to just
one woman; it is intended to
represent Fawcett’s individual
courage as part of a collective
struggle. Look at the plinth and you
History in the making:
Sadiq Khan, the London
mayor, visits the Fine Art
Foundry where the
Millicent Fawcett statue is
being made, above; artist
Gillian Wearing with
Justine Simons, the
deputy mayor for culture
and the creative, below
will see a border, around the top,
composed of 59 laser-etched images of
other women and men who fought for
the Representation of the People Act,
which marked its centenary on
February 6.
This had not been the original plan.
“There were so many different people
involved,” explains Wearing. “I
remember going away on a trip to
Copenhagen and having a panic
moment, thinking this is the only time
we can have a lot of people
commemorated in a public place and
we’re just having suffragists, so it will
feel like I’m leaving out a lot of people
and there’s a bigger story to be told.
This is my chance to be more
inclusive. And that’s when I decided to
incorporate suffragettes as well.”
Back in the UK, she sat down with
a team of experts and together they
drew up a list. “It was so hard
because it couldn’t include everyone,
as the plinth is not huge,” she says.
“But we tried to get a cross-section of
different parts of Britain.” That
includes one working-class suffrage
speaker called Jessie Craigen, for
whom no photograph exists. Her tile
will be left blank.
While Wearing insists that the
most important thing about the
statue “is it’s about Millicent Fawcett,
the suffragists and suffragettes, and
not about me” one subtle detail
reflects her role as artist. For the
hands clasping the banner are, in
fact, her own. “When I was searching
through photographs of Fawcett,
looking for the right clothes and
details, I noticed she had a similar
wedding band to me,” says Wearing.
“I thought, my hands are around a
similar age – she was a little bit older
than me at the age she’s portrayed
– so I’ll use my hands.”
The result is a powerful and
evocative piece. What effect does
Wearing hope it will have when seen
by the public for the first time this
week? “I hope it’s very inspiring,” she
says. “I hope it makes people feel that
this is how movements can come
together and bring about change. In
situations like these, you realise it has
to be a large group of people that
changes things; change doesn’t get
handed to you on a plate.”
As for Simons and those
hypothetical aliens landing in
London, she has high hopes for the
power of Wearing’s statue to bring
about a change of its own. “My hope
is it starts a conversation about
redressing the balance of gender in
statues, and about visibility,” she says.
“We need to see ourselves in these
public spaces. Otherwise we’re only
telling half a story.”
‘Which one
of them
cooks at
home? Do
they keep
chickens, or
ducks? Is he
the grass
on’t know
if you have
but it is
no longer
the done
thing to lust after single
celebrities. Phwoar,
Ryan Gosling, Chris
Hemsworth, Emily
Ratajkowski! Not any
more. Now we have
couple crushes. We have
graduated from the days
of “it could have been me”
and “what does he see in
her?”, to “don’t you love
them and their lovely
married lives?”.
Amal Clooney is on the
cover of American Vogue
this month – that’s nice, of
course, but 100 times
better if husband George is
in there, too (yes he is!) and
it’s about the two of them.
What we want to know is,
which one of them cooks at
home in Henley? Do they
keep chickens, or ducks? Is
he the grass cutter? What
is “their” song, and can we
get a look at their
converted boathouse?
If the Clooneys are the
golden couple we drool
over, we can’t actually
imagine being them. That’s
Emily Blunt and John
Krasinski, currently
starring in A Quiet Place, a
film that’s getting a lot of
attention at least partly
because it features a couple
we like the look of, who we
would quite like to be (he
directed her, so that’s like
doing your marital
advanced driving test).
These two score extra
crush points because he is
American and she is
English and we’re partial
to the unexpected and
slightly unequal pairing:
him tall, beardy, not that
famous; her beautiful,
posh and witty. We like
that he has said “I married
up a
and don’t I know it?”
and that – after a false start
with Michael Bublé – she
had the common sense not
to rush into the arms of
a old Ben Affleck.
Coincidentally, we
also have a crush on
her sister’s marriage,
to Stanley Tucci, which
has the hard-to-beat
appeal of a mended
broken heart (he was a
and a shared
lo of hearty cooking
(they wrote a cookbook
together). And it doesn’t
hurt that she is in
publishing, not an actress
who has meals delivered in
miniature boxes.
Oddly, you don’t need to
have seen your couple
crushes together in order
to be a fan. We don’t even
know what Chris Shaw
looks like but, since Martha
Kearney has been
promoted to the Today
programme, we’ve found
out a lot about their
relationship and now it’s
slotted into our top 10, just
below DJ Jo Whiley’s and
one above Helen Mirren’s.
If you wanted to break
down the reasons for this,
they would go something
like: Martha and Chris fell
in love at university, they
went to punk gigs, they
took a year out to travel in
their 30s, he’s just paid for
her to have a tattoo of a bee
on her wrist at the age of
60. These are the kinds of
details that inspire a couple
crush. The little clues that
reveal a rock-solid, enviable
But we’re not stupid.
There’s a big difference
between being glued to a
marriage, Truman Show
style, and believing in it.
We didn’t have an actual
crush on Brangelina, or
Gwyneth and Chris. We
don’t care for the showoffs, the vow-renewers,
the anniversary junkies or
anyone in the business of
“making memories”.
And we can’t be pushed
or persuaded. Some
marriages, like Tom
Hanks’s, look like good
news but we haven’t got
enough information to
spark a devotion. Some,
like the Cleggs’ or the
Camerons’, tick the boxes,
but it’s just never worked
for us. And generally, you
have to be mad about at
least one of the couple.
We don’t tire of couple
crushes often. And we have
a wish list of people we
would really like to get
back together – even
though we know there is
less than a snowball’s
chance in hell – namely,
Lindsey Buckingham (who
has just left Fleetwood
Mac) and Stevie Nicks.
Perhaps we are a bit stupid
The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 24 April 2018
And my
billionth pound
goes to …
he story begins in a
little room above a
bakery in Toronto,
where Garfield Weston
was born in 1898. It was
shortly afterwards that
his father took him down to the shop
floor for his first smell of bread, a
magical aroma that must have had a
profound impact: Weston grew up to
turn his family’s modest business
into an extraordinary global
enterprise that now owns British
retail icons Selfridges and Fortnum
and Mason.
Though clearly driven, Weston
did not set out to make a vast
fortune, and when he did – coming
from a family with a deeply
ingrained Protestant conscience – it
made him deeply uncomfortable.
“Great wealth… can destroy all
those who have it,” he wrote in a
letter to his children in the Fifties.
“Or if they can wisely control it, I
am sure it can bring great blessings
in its distribution.”
Weston’s idea was to give away
80 per cent of the family’s wealth to
create the Garfield Weston
Foundation, based in London, which
is now 60 years old and today will
give away its billionth – yes, billionth
– pound. The Foundation has
supported some of the most highprofile projects in British national life,
giving millions toward the restoration
of King Henry VIII’s warship The
Mary Rose and the building of the
British Museum’s Great Court, but the
recipient of the billionth pound is to
be a small charity set up by a group of
teenagers in Evesham,
Worcestershire, who have turned a
derelict hut into a youth centre.
“It’s absolutely the sort of thing we
love best,” says Guy Weston,
Garfield’s grandson and chairman of
the Foundation’s trustees, “and the
fact that it was set up by a bunch of
enterprising teenagers is better still”.
Ourside, which offers sexual
health and financial advice to young
people along with a sports club and
café, is a small charity that was facing
possible closure due to council
cutbacks. It has been saved by a
£70,000 grant from the Foundation
(£20,000 a year over three years, plus
£10,000 for core costs), news of which
was greeted with elation. “There were
definitely tears of joy,” says Carly
Elwell, one of Ourside’s founders and
chairman of the trustees. “Young
people are under so much pressure
today. We know in this area there are a
lot of teenagers from low-income
families who are not always looking
after themselves and could easily be
tempted to take drugs or get into
trouble with the police. Ourside offers
them support when they need it.”
Even Weston probably could not
have imagined his charitable
enterprise reaching this point, though
as his grandson Guy notes, sitting at
the boardroom table in Mayfair where
decisions about grants are hammered
out between family members, “he
thought very big”. Bolting together
his business and philanthropic
ventures, Weston created a unique
structure, still controlled by his
descendants. “It was inspired,
because he gave away 80 per cent of
the family’s wealth but put it in a form
that actually held us together and
made us concentrate on things that
matter,” says Guy, 57. “It also secured
the future of the business as it has a
controlling shareholder that can take
a long-term view of investments.”
Guy has three sons and a daughter
at university, and hopes that they will
eventually follow the family tradition.
Weston took over his father’s bakery
during the Great Depression – he had
served in France during the First
World War – and developed an
uncanny knack for spotting struggling
businesses that he could acquire and
nurture. In the Thirties, Weston
settled in Britain, creating Associated
British Foods PLC (whose brands
‘Great wealth… can
destroy all those who
have it. Or … it can
bring great blessings’
Grand design: the Queen Elizabeth II Great Court of the British Museum
The wealthy Weston family decided to give
away 80 per cent of its money. Margarette
Driscoll hears why and what effect it’s had
Early intervention:
Guy Weston,
above, with
children from
St Paul’s with
St Michael’s School
as part of the
programme in
north London. Left,
the Ourside charity
in Evesham
include Primark, Ryvita, Ovaltine and
Twinings tea) naming part of his
business Wittington Investments,
after Wittington House, a beautiful,
red-brick mansion near Marlow,
Bucks, which became home. Later, he
would give this to the Salvation Army.
In the run-up to the Second World
War he entered British politics, and
was elected MP for Macclesfield.
When more than a dozen fighter
planes were shot down in the Battle of
Britain, he gave £100,000 to replace
them. During the Blitz, he set up
canteens to feed Londoners using
underground stations to shelter from
the bombs.
He had nine children, two of whom
still serve as trustees at the
Foundation: Galen Weston, who runs
the Canadian side of the family food
business and owner of Selfridges, and
Camilla Dalglish, a former director of
Fortnum and Mason. She remembers
her father as “a dynamic and inspiring
man” who was clearly determined to
keep his children’s feet on the ground.
Weston’s belief that great wealth
can destroy is demonstrated all too
frequently, most recently in the death
of Matthew Mellon, the American
banking heir who struggled for years
with drug addiction and died last week
of a suspected overdose. Though
hugely wealthy, the Westons retain a
very low profile.
“I remember as a pre-teen polishing
my brother’s shoes for 25 cents and all
my life I’ve never been able to spend
lots of money on myself,” she writes in
a book being published to celebrate
and writer Mark
Price shares his
workplace fables
- true stories
from the business
frontline that can
teach us lessons
about career
he new boss
of Emporium
surveyed her
marked out by
coloured pins
on the large map hanging
on her office wall. The
business had grown from a
few shops to hundreds
across the country, all
selling different things.
“Keep the head office
small” had been the
mantra for many decades.
There had been
boardroom tension as
new members argued
that there would be
benefits in
centralisation, and that
head office should have
more power and control.
Eventually, those forces
for change had brought
in the new boss with a
track record of working
in highly centralised
The Centralising Boss
decided to start by setting
up a customer service call
centre and built a huge
state-of-the-art site,
signing a contract with a
third party to provide
“overflow” services to cope
with demand during peak
times. It wasn’t easy as the
new call centre operators
had not worked in the
shops and needed to know
what to do on nearly
everything: vast sums
were spent on IT and
training. But staff in the
Staff were less
motivated as
decisions were
made far away
shops began simply
referring any complaining
customers to the call
centre, which made the
service feel less personal
and immediate.
It was then decided that
IT staff were still needed
in each of the business
units as they would have a
better grasp of detail. But
there were also heated
arguments about how the
IT budget was spent: more
project managers were
required and costs went
up again, leading to speed
and flexibility being lost.
Over a number of years,
costs increased tenfold.
Sales were impacted as
good people left, and the
staff were less motivated
as decisions were made far
away from them. When
the Centralising Boss left,
she was credited with
transforming the
business, but profits were
a fraction of what they
once were.
Moral of the tale:
Centralisation is not
necessarily more
efficient or profitable
Mark Price is author of
Workplace Fables: 147 True Life
Stories (£10.99, Stour
Publishing). To order your
copy for £8.99 plus p&p, call
0844 871 1514 or visit books.
Share your Workplace Fables
and learn more about Mark’s
mission to improve
workplace happiness at
the foundation’s 60th anniversary.
“My brother, Garry, was the same. He
used to go on the London
Underground all the time even though
he could have had a car and chauffeur.”
Weston died when Guy was just 18
years old, and his brother, George,
runs the business. Almost all the other
brothers, sisters and grandchildren
are dotted around the brands or the
foundation, to which Guy now
devotes at least half his time.
Thanks to the success of ABF, the
Foundation was able to give grants
totalling £63 million last year and
expects to give away some £70 million
this year. Guy studied at Oxford, so the
transformation of the university’s
Bodleian Library – with a gift of
£25 million, the biggest single
donation the foundation has made
(towards total costs of £75 million) –
was a project that meant a lot: “It was a
building that one looked at and
thought ‘Ugh, it’s so horrible’. Now it’s
the beating heart of the city.”
Major projects this year include the
setting up of a fund that will enable
major national galleries to lend
masterpieces to their regional
counterparts, “Dippy on tour”, the
Natural History Museum’s famous
diplodocus being taken to eight
regions of the country, which is
expected to attract some 90 million
visitors, and a partnership with the
Royal Horticultural Society to create a
new garden in Salford.
Guy spent last week observing the
IntoUniversity programme at work at a
centre in Hackney, where local primary
schoolchildren were busy constructing
models of volcanoes. Started in west
London 16 years ago, it now has 20
local learning centres in some of the
most disadvantaged areas in the UK,
helped by grants from the foundation
totalling almost £1 million.
The charity believes in early
intervention, hence its recent move
into working with primary
schoolchildren, and provides focused
classes as a top-up to the regular
school curriculum. It also offers
academic mentors to guide and raise
the aspirations of children from
impoverished backgrounds. Last
year, it worked with more than
25,000 young people, and 80 per
cent of its school-leavers went on to
university, compared with 22 per
cent of students from a similar
“It’s wonderful to be involved in
something so worth supporting,”
says Guy of the enterprise that –
who knows? – could well produce
the next generation’s Garfield
Tuesday 24 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 24 April 2018
How you can cash in by clubbing together
aving a child is
expensive. Just how
much it adds up to
depends on where
you live, how many
holidays you take and
whether you manage to convince
grandparents to step in to cut
nursery bills.
On average, raising a child from
birth to the age of 11 in Britain today
will set you back around £60,000,
according to data from Halifax. Other
research suggests families in London
will fork out more than £250,000
per child up to the age of 21. Add in
private school fees, and the bill is in
the region of half a million pounds.
Whichever way you look at it, kids
cost a lot of money.
Luckily, a growing number of
companies offer generous
discounts when you club together.
In some cases, multi-customer
perks are not restricted to family
members. Increasingly, digital
firms let unrelated people operate
as a “network” to spread the cost of
a service.
Telegraph Money has combed
through the best of the deals – from
trips out to dull-but-important
insurance and wealth management.
A “plus one”
National Art Pass
lets you take
anyone you like
A new breed of digital financial
advisers are attempting to break the
stranglehold of traditional wealth
management firms. So-called “robo”
advisers can cut costs by doing away
with physical offices and simplifying
investment choice.
One firm, Netwealth, goes a step
further by allowing friends and
families to club together to cut fees.
Wealth managers and fund shops,
such as Hargreaves Lansdown,
typically charge less the more money
you invest. It is common for families
to use the same company for all their
A family of 12 can
enjoy a single
National Trust
The ability for
families to create
economies of scale
has been lacking
drastically reduce
fares for families
Netflix lets you
watch films and
series on four
devices at once
do not apply on travel before 10am
during the week, apart from on public
holidays. Some train companies allow
railcards to be used on earlier trains
– check websites before booking. The
Family & Friends Railcard does work
across the country, but can only be
used with at least one child present.
Rail fares rise at the start of every
year, almost always quicker than
inflation. This year, regulated fares
– most standard journeys and weekly
season tickets – rose by 3.4pc.
Frequent train users can take
advantage of the Network Railcard,
which costs £30 a year and is open to
anyone over 16. The card takes a third
off the price of your ticket and those
of up to three adults travelling with
you, and reduces the fares of up to
four children by 60pc. The Family &
Friends Railcard has the same perks
and also costs £30 a year (or £70 for
three years).
The small print: despite Network
Rail operating across Britain, its
railcard only covers London and
parts of south-east and south-west
England. In addition, the discounts
has a free version and a
£9.99-a-month premium service
that removes ads and allows offline
downloads of songs. For £14.99 you
can link up to six accounts, each
with their own profile, as long as
you live at the same address.
Days out
Three generations of the Butler family
invest together, saving thousands in fees
Sharing with others
can cut your costs.
Sam Brodbeck picks
out the best moneysaving deals for
family and friends
The National Trust oversees
hundreds of miles of coastline and
rural land, as well as more than 500
houses, castles, monuments, parks and
nature reserves. Membership gives
free entry and parking to National
Trust land and properties.
Memberships can even be used
outside Britain in conjunction with
certain National Trust partner
organisations, including in New
Zealand, Canada and Italy.
Membership costs £69 a year, or
£114 for a couple and £120 for a family,
including two adults and up to 10
children or grandchildren (under 17).
Over-60s who have held a
membership for at least five of the past
10 years can apply for an additional
25pc discount on normal fees.
The small print: to qualify for joint
or family memberships, everyone
must be living at the same address.
Similarly, the National Art Pass
gives free entry to more than 240
museums, galleries and historic
houses and knocks 50pc off the price
of entry to major exhibitions.
Membership is £67 a year (£34 for
under 26s), £99 for a couple and £110
for a family (with unlimited numbers
of children under 16). Couples and
families sharing memberships must be
living at the same address.
You can buy a £76 “plus one” pass,
on top of your own, which allows you
to share the benefits with anyone you
like. Save 25pc on the first year of
membership by paying by direct debit.
The small print: you can claim Gift
Aid when purchasing a pass, meaning
charity Art Fund can claim back an
extra 25p for every £1 you spend from
the government at no extra cost to you.
But Gift Aid cannot be claimed for
lifetime memberships or if you buy the
card as a gift for someone else.
Streaming service Netflix, producer of
a rapidly growing list of hit shows
including Grace and Frankie (pictured
above) and House of Cards, offers three
pricing plans. The basic service is
£5.99 a month, rising to £7.99 to use
the same account on an additional
screen and £9.99 for up to four
screens at once.
Music streaming service Spotify
accounts, but they are charged as
individuals. Netwealth is different as
it allows users to group their wealth
into “networks” and be counted as
one investor.
That is what Nell Butler, 53, and
her family (pictured, below left) have
done. Three generations of her
family invest through the service and
are charged as if they are a single
person – just 0.35pc a year, because
the total invested is more than
£500,000. Netwealth founder
Charlotte Ransom said the Butlers
save 1pc a year as a result, equating to
around £75,000 in fees over 10 years.
There are other family financial
savings to be made, too. Most motor
insurers offer multi-car discounts.
Admiral, for instance, claims you
can save up to £350. Friends and
family are grouped together and each
qualify for a multi-car discount.
Fee-paying schools have long
operated family discounts, as
generations of the same family often
attend the same school.
Now higher education
institutions are doing the same,
recognising the pressure of
£9,000-a-year fees on students.
Buckingham, one of Britain’s few
private universities, offers 5pc off
tuition fees for family members,
children and spouses of alumni.
Tuesday 24 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
rt market focus
�olin leadell
of ‘new’
Van Dycks
ith a joint fortune of
£5.5 billion at stake,
the marriage between
Bernie Ecclestone’s
daughter, Petra, and
the flamboyant
businessman, James Stunt, made
headlines when it ground to a halt
this year. Among the assets is an
impressive art collection, built by
Stunt and ranging from Rembrandt
to Picasso, with a focus on King
Charles I’s favourite painter, Sir
Anthony van Dyck.
Whether it had anything to do
with the divorce is not known but,
last week, Stunt sold two of his Van
Dycks at Christie’s in New York,
where a double portrait of the
Apostles St Paul and St Thomas
achieved $468,500 (£336,000), and
a portrait of the artist’s friend,
François Langlois, $1.8 million
(£1.3 million).
Perhaps more interesting than
who was selling, though, was the
change in the attribution and price
of these paintings since they were
last sold at auction.
Just over three years ago, when
they were sold at Christie’s in
London, the Apostles were
catalogued as “Studio of Sir Anthony
van Dyck” (ie by the hand of one of
Egyptian art
hottest in
Islamic week
This week is
Islamic art sales
week in London –
always a ravishing
display of art and
artefacts from the
Middle East.
Kicking off early, last
his studio assistants), with an
estimate of £40,000. Clearly, more
than one person thought they might
be by the artist himself, as they
eventually sold for £110,000
The portrait of Langlois,
meanwhile, also offered as “Studio
of Sir Anthony van Dyck”, at
Christie’s New York in 2012, sparked
similar speculative interest, since it
sold for $386,500 against an
estimate of $80,000.
But it wasn’t Stunt who made that
handsome $1.7 million. The buyer of
both paintings had been Fergus
Hall, an Old Master dealer with a
particular interest in Van Dyck, who,
having cleaned and researched the
paintings, sold them to Stunt as fully
attributed Van Dycks.
Interestingly, Van Dyck has had
more re-attributions than any other
Old Master in recent times. Philip
Mould, presenter of the BBC’s Fake
or Fortune, traces this phenomenon
to the publication of the first reliable
catalogue raisonné in 2004, which
allowed for detailed study of nearly
800 examples of the artist’s work. Of
the catalogue’s four original
scholars, only two are still alive, and
a number of former museum
directors have offered their views on
attribution since. It’s differences in
opinion that have allowed additional
works to be added to the recognised
Van Dyck corpus.
Because Van Dyck was prolific
and used studio assistants in his
work, it can be tricky to unravel how
much of a painting is solely by the
master. Consequently, the number
of works attributed to him, his
studio and his many followers is
plentiful. Around 300 have come up
for auction in the past four years,
with dozens subsequently upgraded
with a full attribution.
Mould’s favourite is a self-portrait
that he found at auction in Germany,
in 2012. Thought to be a copy and
with a €30,000 estimate, he bought
it for €572,000. By 2015 he had sold
week Bonhams staged a
sale of modern and
contemporary Middle
Eastern art, which
celebrated the 110th
anniversary of the
founding of the Cairo
Faculty of Fine Arts.
Here, students were
taught European
methods of figure,
landscape and still-life
painting using oils,
pastel and watercolours,
and clay for modelling
sculpture by European
Long bidding battle: Fouad
Kamel’s Surrealist Woman
it on privately, since it appeared at
the Minneapolis Institute of Art on
loan from the American investment
financier, Scott Minerd. Taking
some credit for the change in status
was Mould’s researcher, Bendor
Grosvenor, now a TV presenter in
his own right and also a Van Dyck
connoisseur, who has been quietly
accumulating a small collection of
discoveries of his own.
But while Grosvenor prefers to
keep his finds, his friend, Hall, is in
the business of selling, his trained
eye capable of recognising Van
Dyck’s touch even through centuries
of dirt, degraded varnish and
additional paint. It is only after
painstaking cleaning, though, that
It can be tricky to
unravel how much of
a painting is solely by
the master
Genuine article: Sir Anthony van Dyck’s Portrait of François Langlois, which sold in New York for $1.8 million
It was, says Dr Youssef
Kamel, “a point of
awakening” for Egyptian
art. It was the Egyptian
art in the sale that most
awakened the interest of
bidders, claiming nine of
the top 10 lots, including
three record prices.
Perhaps the most
extraordinary of these
was a 1943 painting,
Surrealist Woman, by
Fouad Kamel, an artist
associated with the
international Art and
Liberty movement, which
protested against
Fascism. Estimated at
£20,000, the painting
triggered the sale’s
longest bidding battle
before selling to Dubai’s
Meem Gallery for
Overall, though, the
sale felt flat, with more
than half the lots from
Iraq, Iran and Syria going
unsold. A more complete
picture of this market
should emerge after
Sotheby’s comparable
sale today.
Traders face
stricter rules
on ivory sales
The trade in
antique ivory
works of art is about to
be severely curtailed,
according to
government proposals.
Only portrait
miniatures more than
the full picture emerges. In the case
of the Apostles, for instance, a panel
maker’s mark that corresponded to
marks on the back of three early
apostles by Van Dyck in the
Gemäldegalerie in Dresden, was
revealed. Subsequent
dendrochronological testing (dating
a piece of wood by tree rings) of the
panels confirmed they were painted
very early in Van Dyck’s career,
which fitted with Hall’s theory.
In the case of the Langlois
portrait, previously thought to be a
studio copy of a painting that is
part-owned by the National Gallery,
close examination of the
documentary evidence revealed that
Van Dyck had made two versions of
the portrait – one for the sitter
(Stunt’s), and one for Van Dyck to
keep (the National Gallery’s).
At this rate, the 2004 catalogue
raisonné is going to need updating
fairly soon – if everyone can agree
on things, that is.
100 years old, items
with no more than 10
per cent ivory content,
pre-1975 musical
instruments with less
than 20 per cent ivory
content, and the rarest
and most important
works of art of their
type will escape the ban.
Trade representatives
have only a matter of
months to plead for less
stringent restrictions
before the new legislation
will be enacted. This
signals victory for
organisations like Tusk,
which have exerted
pressure from the outset
for a total ban however
distanced an antique
ornament may appear to
be from the slaughter of
elephants today.
Whether a total ban
was the right option,
instead of focusing on
controlling the trade of
fake antique ivory, often
used as a cover by dealers
for trading new ivory,
remains questionable.
The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 24 April 2018
Robert Trevino with the Bournemouth
Symphony Orchestra earlier this month
‘I have this sense I’m
going to die young’
Having grown up in poverty, the conductor Robert Trevino has a
boundless determination and no time to lose, finds Ivan Hewett
t helps to come from a family
with money if you want to
become an orchestral conductor.
Without it, such a career is
almost impossible. Like
becoming a barrister or a
surgeon, it requires a long costly
apprenticeship. One only has to glance
at the British conducting scene to see
this. Some conductors, like Martyn
Brabbins, come from modest
beginnings but many, such as Simon
Rattle and Robin Ticciati, are blessed
with more privileged backgrounds.
None I know of could be described as
having had a deprived upbringing.
And this makes the success of
34-year-old American conductor
Robert Trevino all the more
astonishing. Only a decade ago,
Trevino was a struggling music
student living on the rough side of
Chicago, home-schooling his sister
while helping her kick her drug
addiction, and living on boiled rice
flavoured with salt to save cash. A
decade before that, he was living in a
poor district of Fort Worth, Texas, in a
house with no electricity, and he
hadn’t yet even picked up a musical
Today, he is one of America’s most
exciting and fast-rising conductors. He
has a habit of hitting the headlines after
replacing A-list conductors at the last
minute. He was described as “the
greatest musical sensation from
America since Van Cliburn”, after he
stepped in to conduct Verdi’s Don Carlo
at the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow in
2013. He did the same for the London
Symphony Orchestra last June, taking
the place of Daniel Harding, to conduct
a brilliant performance of Mahler’s
Third Symphony. Last September, he
gained his first post as music director,
at the Basque National Orchestra in San
Sebastian, and he has a full schedule of
appearances around the world –
including one with the London
Philharmonic Orchestra later this
Trevino is known for being a
perfectionist and an indefatigably hard
worker. To what extent does he think
his upbringing fuelled his
determination to succeed? “I don’t like
to focus too much on my background,”
Trevino says politely, before going on
to talk of little else, with a mix of
modesty, pride and anger. His greatgrandparents were Mexican seasonal
workers in Texas who brought up
their children in America. Trevino’s
own parents struggled to make ends
meet, but were determined to better
themselves and eventually rented a
house in a predominantly white
neighbourhood of Fort Worth. “We
were the only Mexicans, and we were
not welcome,” he says. “People used to
throw beer bottles at our front door
An exhilarating showdown
Rodin and the Art of
Ancient Greece
British Museum, London
By Mark Hudson
his show has all the makings of
the ultimate sculptural
showdown. In the one corner,
Auguste Rodin, the first great sculptor
of the modern era, who rebelled
against the sterile imitations of
neo-classicism but was obsessed with
actual ancient Greek sculpture; in the
other, the works that ignited his
passion, the British Museum’s
Parthenon Marbles, which Rodin first
encountered on a visit here in 1881.
The exhibition presents some of
Rodin’s most iconic pieces, on loan
from Paris’s Musée Rodin, beside the
ancient marbles – generally agreed to
represent the summit of classical
sculpture – that inspired them. Given
the French sculptor’s veneration for
the artists behind the Marbles, the
show shouldn’t feel like a competition.
But you can practically smell Rodin’s
desire to best his own standards, and
those of the past; to fuse the core
elements of classical sculpture into a
new art relevant to the machine age.
The show has wow factor from the
first room, with three of Rodin’s most
famous works visible as you enter: The
Kiss, The Age of Bronze and The Thinker.
In the centre of this dramatically lit
tableau stands one of the most famous
of the Parthenon Marbles – of two
headless, recumbent goddesses. You
might expect that the ancient works
would appear cool and static beside
the more modern pieces, with Rodin’s
animated surfaces grasping at the
tactility of human flesh through a kind
of sculptural equivalent to
impressionism. In fact, you could
Lustrous energy: The Age of Bronze
hardly have a better example than this
majestic piece of the way ancient
Athenian sculptors breathed new life
into the rigid forms of the archaic
Greek imagery that preceded them.
Beside the mesmerising flow of
drapery covering these female figures,
the entwined couple in The Kiss (1882)
have a sort of Joy of Sex clunkiness
with their slightly too-white plaster
flesh. The youth in The Age of Bronze
(1876), on the other hand, radiates a
lustrous energy. His nakedness
represents not the godlike idealisation
of ancient Greek art, but a modern
existential turmoil.
So the show proceeds through a
series of brilliantly conceived standoffs and juxtapositions: The Thinker,
1902, versus the headless, reclining
River God Ilissos from the Parthenon’s
West Pediment; Rodin’s headless
bronze Iris Messenger of the Gods (189091) next to the shattered torso of a
striding woman. If Rodin’s touch feels
a touch galumphing in the first
encounter, his visceral sensuality
carries the day in the second.
With his magnum opus, The
Burghers of Calais (1884-89), seen here
in a heart-stopping coup de théâtre,
it’s the six enormous male figures
silhouetted against the window at the
end of the gallery, Rodin seems to have
moved on from the classical, or at least
transformed it into an intensely
dramatic narrative language. And with
the show’s final work, The Walking
Man, 1907, he’s turned another corner,
with the headless, armless figure
seeming about to stride into the 20th
century, carrying Rodin’s pioneering
enthusiasm for the “fragment” – not as
a broken relic, but an expressive form
in its own right – into the modernism
of Picasso and Matisse.
It might be pointed out that the
Parthenon Marbles can generally be
seen for free, as can many of Rodin’s key
works in museums around London (The
Burghers normally resides at Victoria
Tower Gardens, beside the Houses of
Parliament). But seeing these works
piecemeal you’d lose the heroic,
larger-than-life mood that makes this
one of the shows of the year. You’ll leave
it exhilarated about the possibilities of
sculpture, nostalgic for an age of
superhuman ambition, and still
pondering that question of who “won”
the show’s notional showdown.
Until July 29. Tickets: 020 7323 8181;
and shout “Go home”. My father had
three jobs, including one at Pizza Hut
and one at a construction site, but he
still didn’t have enough money for
heating or electricity. We used candles
for light, and were on welfare. We had
vouchers for a special governmentfunded cheese, weird stuff that never
goes off. I never lacked love, but they
just couldn’t buy extra things for me.”
Then came the epiphany that
changed his life. “I was sitting in my
Dad’s pickup truck one day, aged
about eight, and he was flicking the
dial on the radio, looking for
something to listen to. He was a big fan
of Carlos Santana and the Red Hot
Chili Peppers. Anyway, he accidentally
landed on a classical music station that
was playing the Lacrimosa from
Mozart’s Requiem. At that moment, I
knew I wanted to be a musician. It was
a defining moment for me and, looking
back, my life before that point seems
cloudy. Everything that happened
afterwards I remember really well.”
The desire quickly took on greater
focus. “I watched concerts on PBS
[Public Broadcasting Service] and I
remember seeing Seiji Ozawa on TV
conducting the Boston Symphony, and
I thought yes, that’s what I want to do.”
Trevino’s first step was to try to join
the school band as a bassoonist. “I had
heard Prokofiev’s Peter and the Wolf
and I thought the bassoon [who
impersonates Peter’s grandfather]
sounded really cool.” But since he was
unable to afford lessons, things didn’t
go well. He came bottom in the
auditions for the band. “There was a
girl in the band who looked at me and
said, ‘You’ll never amount to anything’.”
The memory clearly still rankles.
Trevino set himself a punishing
regime, getting up at 4am, jogging for
an hour, then practising for two hours
before breakfast. He took holiday jobs
to pay for lessons, until the bassoon
teacher discovered what was going on
and refused to take any money. “He
became one of my mentors,” says
Trevino fondly. “I told him I wanted to
be a conductor, and he invited me to
pull out a score from his collection. I
pulled out Stravinsky’s Rite of Spring
at random and told him I wanted to
start with this. He laughed and said,
‘That’s crazy, you should start with
Mozart,’ but I said, ‘Don’t tell me what
I can or can’t do’. I went to the library
and taught myself how to read all
those strange rhythms and how to read
the Cyrillic writing.”
His parents were supportive but also
baffled by their ambitious, wilful son.
One gets the impression that by his
mid-teens Trevino simply out-soared
them. Sometimes he and his father
came to blows. “I was skipping school
to practise, and they called my father
in for a meeting. He was really mad,
and he was a big man, domineering,
and I could see he was ready to lay me
out.” Trevino didn’t budge. He told his
father he would pass the school exams
by studying at home, and that he
would pay for the correspondence
course needed to do two years’
learning in five months, by working
evenings and weekends. “We shook on
the deal.” It is one of Trevino’s regrets
that his father didn’t live to see him
succeed. He died in his early 40s, while
Trevino was still a student.
That combination of curiosity and
what some might call pig-headed
determination carried Trevino
through the next 10 years. He
mastered his instrument enough to
gain a place at Chicago’s Roosevelt
University. Meanwhile, he was
studying scores and conducting
groups and orchestras that he
assembled himself, often to play music
by Chicagoan composers. On the
fourth attempt, he got a conducting
fellowship at the renowned Aspen
Summer School. Introductions to
Daniel Barenboim and Pierre Boulez
followed. During the summers, he
played bassoon for a light opera
company in Ohio, and soon progressed
to conducting. Eventually, his big
break came with an invitation to be the
assistant conductor of New York City
Opera, and shortly after that the
invitation to conduct at the Bolshoi.
Trevino seems more driven than
ever. “My wife, Julia, [a pianist] keeps
telling me to slow down, but I feel
there’s this thing I have to do, and
there’s no time to lose. That’s why I
don’t want children. I have this sense I
am going to die young like my father.”
He must think there is something
supremely valuable in an art form that
demands such a sacrifice. “Music is an
epitome of life itself, in the sense that it
is fleeting. When we are dead we leave
so little behind, so in the time we have
we should strive to do the best we can.
When music goes well, you create a
‘There was a girl in the
band who looked at me
and said, “You’ll never
amount to anything” ’
Determined: a young Trevino conducted
orchestras that he assembled himself
magic moment when everyone, black
and white, liberal and conservative,
voters for Brexit and against it,
believers and atheists, are all united.”
That’s the kind of thing you might hear
from many conductors, but Trevino’s
belief in music’s transcendence has a
sharp, personal edge.
“My background taught me that
every human being should be accorded
their dignity, no matter how poor they
are. That’s why I am so passionate
about the educational side of my work
with my orchestra, which I do for free.
People who become successful have a
duty to give something back. The
writer Maya Angelou once said to me, if
somebody opens a door for you, you
must seize your chance and walk
through, but remember to hold that
door open for someone else.”
Robert Trevino conducts the London
Philharmonic Orchestra at the Royal
Festival Hall on April 25 (tickets:; and at the
Norfolk and Norwich Festival on May 21
at St Andrew’s Hall (tickets: nnfestival. 020 7840 4242
QUEEN'S 0844 482 5160
Eves 7.30, Mats Wed & Sat 2.30
HER MAJESTY'S 020 7087 7762
Mon-Sat 7.30, Thu & Sat 2.30
ST MARTIN'S 020 7836 1443
66th year of Agatha Christie's
Mon-Sat 7:30pm, Mats Tues & Thurs 3 & Sat 4
“Captivating” TIME OUT
Oscar Wilde’s
Vaudeville Theatre
Tue-Sat 19.30 | Tue, Thu & Sat 14.30
Extra Tuesday Matinees
Advance Senior Rate available
0330 333 4814
Sheila Hancock
Bill Milner
By Colin Higgins
Directed by Thom Southerland
Tuesday 24 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Court & Social
April 23rd
The Duchess of Cambridge was
safely delivered of a son at 11.01
am today.
Her Royal Highness and her
child are both well.
Signed: Guy Thorpe-Beeston,
Alan Farthing, Sunit Godambe and
Huw Thomas.
April 23rd
Prince Henry of Wales this
afternoon held a Mental Health
Innovations Meeting with Chief
Executives of telecommunications
Prince Henry of Wales, also
representing The Prince of Wales,
later attended a Memorial Service
to commemorate the Life and
Legacy of Stephen Lawrence in St
Martin-in-the-Fields, Trafalgar
Square, London WC2, and was
received by Her Majesty’s
Lord-Lieutenant of Greater
London (Sir Kenneth Olisa).
April 23rd
The Countess of Wessex, Patron,
Toronto General and Western
Hospital, this morning held a
Her Royal Highness, Patron,
Defence Medical Welfare Service,
this afternoon held a Meeting.
April 23rd
The Princess Royal this evening
attended the St George’s Day
Service in Gloucester Cathedral to
mark the Fortieth Anniversary of
the Gloucestershire Branch of the
Royal Society of St George and
was received by Her Majesty’s
Lord-Lieutenant of
Gloucestershire (Dame Janet
April 23rd
The Duke of Kent, Colonel-inChief, this morning attended a
Thanksgiving Service in the
Chapel Royal of St Peter ad
Vincula, HM Tower of London, to
celebrate the Fiftieth Anniversary
of the Founding of The Royal
Regiment of Fusiliers.
His Royal Highness, Colonel-inChief, this afternoon attended a
Lunch to celebrate the Fiftieth
Anniversary of the Founding of
The Royal Regiment of Fusiliers,
Mercers’ Hall, Ironmonger Lane,
London EC2.
Today’s birthdays
Miss Bridget Riley, artist, is 87;
Miss Shirley MacLaine, actress,
84; Mr John Williams, guitarist,
77; Miss Barbra Streisand, singer,
actress and director, 76; Sir Peter
Cresswell, a former High Court
Judge, 74; Mr Tony Visconti,
record producer, musician and
singer, 74; Prof Sir Graeme
Catto, President, General Medical
Council, 2002-09, 73; Mr Piers
Gough, architect, 72; Sir James
Paice, former Conservative MP,
69; Canon Robert Wright,
Chaplain to the Speaker,
1998-2010, 69; M Jean-Paul
Gaultier, fashion designer, 66;
Lord Ahmed, business
development manager, 61; Mr
Kumar Dharmasena, former Sri
Lanka cricketer; ICC Umpire, 47;
Mrs Gabby Logan, broadcaster,
presenter and journalist, 45; Mr
Sachin Tendulkar, former India
cricketer; currently the highest
run scorer in Test cricket and
one-day internationals, 45; Mr
Lee Westwood, golfer, 45; Mrs
Laura Kenny, née Trott, track
and road cyclist; Olympic gold
medallist, women’s team pursuit
and women’s omnium, Rio 2016
and London 2012, 26; and Miss
Lauren Rowles, rower;
Paralympic gold medallist, mixed
double sculls, Rio 2016, 20.
Mr W.D.R. Newton and
Miss C.E. Grant
The engagement is
announced between William, elder
son of Mr and Mrs Mark Newton,
of Church Langton, Leicestershire,
and Lottie, younger daughter of
Mr and Mrs Ian Grant, of Sibsey,
Boston, Lincolnshire.
Online ref: 552496
St George's Day Club
Maj Gen Andrew Keeling,
President, was in the chair at the
annual luncheon of the St George's
Day Club held yesterday at
Grosvenor House. Lord Burnett
and Dr Phil Hammond were the
speakers and Mr John Brunel
Cohen was presented with the
Club's Award to a True
Rotary Club of London
Mr Michael Finn was the speaker
at a luncheon held by the Rotary
Club of London yesterday at The
Chesterfield Hotel, London. Mr
Stephen Potter, President, was in
the chair and Mr Hugh Kirk, Mr
Tim MacAndrews and Mr Neville
Shulman were among others
Sovereign’s Parade
The Sovereign’s Parade,
Commissioning Course 172, held on
Friday, April 13, 2018, continued:
Scott, G.P.C., Radley College,
University of St Andrews, London
School of Economics, RL; Sharp, J.J.,
Durham Sixth Form Centre,
University of Northumbria at
Newcastle, RA; Sherry, B., Tonbridge
School, University of Edinburgh,
AGC (ETS); Shields, H.T.M., St John’s
Leatherhead, Oxford Brookes
University, RLC; Shill, M.J., John
Taylor High School, AGC (RMP);
Shuttleworth, M.S., Farnham
College, Queen Mary, University of
London, AAC; Simpson, D.M., Pilton
Community College, Birmingham
City University, AGC (RMP); Smith,
B.Z.T., St Bede’s Senior School,
King’s College London, QRH; Smith,
G.M., Havering Sixth Form College,
AAC; Smith, N.H., Ysgol David
Hughes, Amsterdam University and
Cardiff University, AGC (RMP);
Southeard, J.B., Verulam School,
University of Birmingham, LANCS;
Stafford, I.F., Henley College, R
SIGNALS; Stevenson, C.S., The John
Fisher School, Cardiff Metropolitan
University, RE; Stewart, R.W.K.,
Wellington College, University of
Leeds/University of Exeter, LG;
Stoner, D.M.P., Unknown School
Overseas, Southampton Solent
University, RE; Strawbridge, A.V.,
Casterton School, University of York,
LD; Swallowe, D.A.P., Netherhall
School, University of Adelaide, RLC;
Swarbrick, R.J., St Ambrose College,
University of Sheffield, RE; Tallis,
S.G., The Marsh Academy, University
of Brighton, REME; Tattersall, D.J.,
Hurstpierpoint College,
Loughborough University, RE;
Taylor, S.C., Oxted School,
University of Nottingham, RE;
Thompson, C., Chesham Grammar
School, University of Birmingham, R
ANGLIAN; Thompson, G.G., St
Mary’s School Ascot, University of
Cambridge, INT CORPS; Tobin, A.L.,
King Edward VI C of E (C) Upper
School, University of Essex, RAMC;
Trant, R.B., Ampleforth College, IG;
Trotman, W., St Edward’s School,
RA; Trup, L., JFS School, University
of Oxford, RE; Truscott, N.J.,
Chislehurst and Sidcup Grammar
School, University of Greenwich,
REME; Tweed, D.M., The Castle
School, Swansea University, REME;
Tysoe, B.J., The Skinners’ School,
University of Manchester, RLC;
Vickers, R.S., School of St Helen and
St Katharine, Royal Veterinary
College, RAMC; Vinters, P.L., New
College, Telford, University of
Chester, AGC (ETS); Walter, M.J., St
Mark’s Catholic School, University of
Warwick, R SIGNALS; Walton, E.R.,
Reaseheath College, Bangor
University, RE; Washington-Smith,
T.G., Richard Huish College,
University of Exeter, RGR; Waters,
O., Hereford Cathedral School,
University of Birmingham, PARA;
Watkins, E.J., Magdalen College
School - Senior School, University of
East Anglia, PARA; Welch, A.J.,
Wyedean School and Sixth Form
Centre, R IRISH; Westcott, P.G.,
Cranleigh School, University of
Cambridge, Jesus College, PARA;
Whiteman, J.C., Salesian College,
Cardiff University, RRF; Wilkinson,
J., The Ecclesbourne School,
University of Nottingham, WG;
Wilkinson, T.J., Cheltenham
Bournside School and Sixth Form
Centre, University of Kent, INT
CORPS; Williams, G.J., De Aston
School, University of Nottingham/
University College London, INT
CORPS; Wood, T.C., Llanidloes High
School, University of Kent, AGC
(RMP); Woods, W.A., Berkhamsted
Collegiate School, University of
Leicester, PWRR; Woolner, T.J.,
Unknown School Overseas, RA;
Wray, B., King’s Norton Boys’
School, Birmingham City University,
RLC; Wright, J.B., Thomas Deacon
Academy, King’s College London, R
ANGLIAN; Yaqub-Khan, A., Harrow
School, London School of Economics
and Political Science, INT CORPS;
Yelland, O.D., Newquay Tretherras
School, University of Plymouth, RA;
Young, C., Queen Elizabeth’s School,
RA; Young, C.S., South Tyneside
College, RE; Young, J.C.A., Rochester
Independent College/Cranbrook
School, RIFLES; Ziegler, H., Christ’s
Hospital, University of York, RLC.
The following Overseas Cadets also
passed out with a view to being
commissioned into the Armed Forces
of their countries:
Melad Barmaki, Mudsser Milad
Tarakhil, Afghanistan; Amarildo
Hysa, Albania; Shaikh Khalid Terky
Rashid Isa AlKhalifa, Shaikh Ahmed
Fahad Ahmed Rashed AlKhalifa,
Shaikh A. Rahman Khaled Salman
Abdulla AlKhalifa, Bahrain; Martin
Mlakić, Bosnia and Herzegovinia;
Khalaf Saeed Alremeithi, Mohamed
Saif Ali Al Yammahi, Saoud Rashed
Khalifa Al Kaabi, UAE; Juan Felipe
Salgado Cuevas, Colombia; Ziad
Ibrahim Ahmed AbdelRahim, Egypt;
Jilda Tsurtsumia, Georgia; Yousif
Hisham Sharhan Al-Lami, Iraq; Rami
Rateb Madallah Alrawashdeh, Jordan;
Solomon Meng’oru Namunkuk,
Kenya; Aidin Kalmatov, Kyrgyzstan;
Rami Loutfi, Lebanon; Sandip Pandit,
Nepal; Muhammad Bin Abbas Baloch,
Shehroz Shahid, Pakistan; Abdulaziz
Sefar Sa Al-Kuwari, Abdulla
Mahmoud A.Z. Al-Mahmoud,
Mohammed Ali Al-Maadeed, Yousef
Ahmad J.M. Al-Muftah, Qatar;
Phuriporn Nate-Anong, Thailand;
Julius Ntegeka, Uganda; Daniel
Gabrielli, USA.
February 2018, in San Pietro Hospital,
Rome, to Carolyn (née Sillau Herrera)
and David, a lovely daughter, Leyla.
Online ref: 552724
ASHWORTH.—Frank on April 15th
2018, aged 83, in Chichester. Beloved
husband, father, grandfather and
great grandfather.
Online ref: 552710
BAIN.—Iain Stuart FSA, died peacefully
in hospital on 20th April 2018. Beloved
husband of Sue, much loved father and
grandfather of Kirsty, Nina, Donald and
Alice. Private funeral. Memorial service
to be announced.
Online ref: A223693
National Liberal Club
Mr Tony Gledhill, GC, was the
guest of honour at a dinner to
celebrate St George and England
held at the National Liberal Club
last night. Mrs Janet Berridge,
Club Chairman, presided and Lt
Gen Andrew Figgures, Miss Anna
Barry, Miss Celestine Randall, Miss
Charlotte Moore and Mr Michael
Lunts also spoke.
ELDERKIN.—On 7th April 2018 , in The
Hague, to Nelly and Rupert, a son,
Benjamin John Lucien, brother to Tom
and Sam.
Online ref: 552689
At noon yesterday the Secretary of the Admiralty issued the following announcement:
Early this morning a naval raid was made on Ostend and Zeebrugge, which are being used by the enemy as destroyer and
submarine bases. Our forces are returning, and the scanty
information so far received is to the effect that the raid met
with a reasonable measure of success.
With the exception of covering ships, the force employed consisted of auxiliary vessels and of six obsolete cruisers. Five of these
cruisers, filled with concrete, were used as block ships, and, after
being run aground, were, in accordance with orders, blown up and
abandoned by their crews.
A further communiqué will be issued when the reports have
been received from the ships, which are now returning to
their bases. No report of casualties has yet come to hand.
The hazardous operations reported to-day will rank as among the
most gallant in the annals of the Navy when they come to be studied
in the light of all the circumstances, and particularly of the advantages which lay with the enemy. We are confronted with a cuttingout expedition with which the boldest seaman of the last Great War
would have been proud to be associated, and Admiral Roger Keyes
and all who were connected with the dual exploit will receive to-day
the hearty congratulations of their fellow-countrymen.
Ever since the Germans obtained possession of the portion of
the Belgian coast pierced by the harbours of Ostend and Zeebrugge it has been the ambition of the British seamen to
strike at them, but the difficulties were great.
The success of the daring scheme of attack upon this strongly
defended breakwater, in association with an attempt to block the
exit of the Bruges Canal, depended upon wind, sea, and complete
co-ordination of the various units employed. On Monday night the
sea was smooth and the wind favourable, but, unfortunately, a
change occurred in the latter respect after the operation had
begun, with the result that the ingeniously devised smoke screen
was less effective than was hoped would be the case, and our casualties were consequently increased. But, on the other hand, the
co-ordination between units engaged could not have, been better.
There was a preliminary bombardment, which the Germans no
doubt, thought, would, like others have no sequel. But they were
mistaken. At the right moment one of the two old submarines
selected for use was driven under the viaduct and there exploded,
isolating the breakwater from t-he shore. The success of the
scheme depended largely on this operation, shutting off reinforcements which might otherwise have been rapidly despatched to
succour the guard on the mole. In the meantime, the old cruiser
Vindictive, a vessel of 5,750 tons, long since past her fighting days,
which was accompanied by two ferry-boats, the Iris and Daffodil,
crept up to the mole with landing parties, consisting of a naval
contingent and a body of marines. Simultaneously a destroyer,
greatly daring, passed into the harbour and began discharging
torpedoes at German destroyers which were lying under the shelter of the mole. As a concurrent operation, three old cruisers were
taken across the harbour to be sunk at the entrance of the canal.
Two of these vessels, filled with concrete, reached their objective,
and it is believed will for many days impede the seaward progress
of German submarines and destroyers.
Whilst this desperate exploit at the entrance of the canal was
being carried out, fortunately with very light casualties, desperate fighting was in progress on the breakwater. This long,
broad projection into the sea-way bristled with guns. Though
the wind shifted at an unfortunate moment, the Vindictive got
away uninjured, together with two auxiliary craft, having reembarked the survivors of the gallant men who, supported by
mortars and flame-throwers, had impeached the enemy.
BREWER.—Suddenly, but peacefully,
at his home in Broughty Ferry, on April
20th, 2018, Douglas Morton Brewer, in
his 92nd year. Beloved husband of Joyce,
much loved father of Paul, dearly loved
father-in-law of Gillian and cherished
grandpa of Katie, Sarah and Helena.
Funeral Service in Broughty Ferry New
Kirk, Queen Street, Broughty Ferry, on
Friday, April 27th, at 1.45 p.m., to which
all friends are respectfully invited,
interment thereafter private. Family
flowers only, please.
Online ref: 552745
BROOKS.—Barbara Eves (née Barratt),
passed away peacefully, surrounded by
her family, on Saturday 7th April after a
valiantly fought five year battle with
cancer. The very much loved wife of
George, for 59 years, adored by her
children James, Caroline, Camilla, her
seven granddaughters and her
grandson. She will be sorely missed by
all who knew her, and remembered
forever. A Service of Thanksgiving will
be held at 12 noon on Wednesday 30th
May 2018 at the Church of St John the
Evangelist, The High Street, Sutton
Veny BA12 7AW. No flowers please.
Donations, if desired, to the Salisbury
Hospice or to the RNLI Poole.
Online ref: A223696
de BERKER.—Patricia de Berker of
Hillier Road, Guildford, passed away
peacefully on Monday 16th April, aged
96. Loving and beloved wife of the late
Dr Paul de Berker. Details from Forsey
and Son: 01458 272297.
Online ref: A223699
deNEUMANN.—Frederick 'Bernard'.
On 18th April 2018, aged 74 years.
Funeral Service at Southend
Crematorium, West Chapel on Tuesday
8th May at 12.40 p.m. No flowers
please. Donations for the RNLI
gratefully received c/o F P Guiver &
Sons Ltd, 641 Southchurch Road,
Southend on Sea SS1 2PN or online at
Online ref: A223703
ELTON.—Michael Anthony. Died
peacefully, aged 85, on 18th April 2018.
Funeral Service at Basingstoke
Crematorium on 1st May, at 10.15 a.m.
Online ref: 552698
FORD-YOUNG.—Pamela Mary (Pam),
died peacefully at Breamar Lodge,
Salisbury on 15th April. Funeral service
to be held at Salisbury Crematorium on
Thursday 10th May at 3.15 p.m. Family
flowers only. Donations, if desired, to
Salisbury Hospice or The Friends of
Salisbury Cathedral c/o Shergold
Funeral Directors, 11 Brown Street,
Salisbury SP1 1HE. Tel: 01722 328966.
Online ref: 552725
FULLERTON.—Dr John Richard,
passed away peacefully at Victoria
House, Ryde on 17th April aged 85 years.
Funeral Service to take place on
Thursday 3rd May 10.30 a.m. at
Springwood Woodland Cemetery,
Newchurch, Isle of Wight. Family
flowers only or donations, if desired, to
the British Heart Foundation c/o
William Hall Independent Funeral
Directors, Newchurch, Isle of Wight.
Tel: 01983 868688.
Online ref: 552738
GAMMIE.—Anthony Petrie, much loved
husband, father and grandfather, died
peacefully in Spain on 20th April 2018,
following a long illness. He is greatly
missed by all who knew him.
Thanksgivings for his life will be held
later this year in both Spain and the UK.
Online ref: A223698
GEATER.—Patricia Alma passed away
peacefully on 8th April 2018, aged 87.
Beloved wife of Jack, mother of Sara and
Tim, grandmother of Claudia, Lucy,
Molly and Jack, great grandmother to
Jenson and sister to Pauline. She was
much loved by all her family and those
who knew her and will be sadly missed.
Family only cremation. Party to
celebrate her life details to follow.
Donations to British Red Cross Society
Online ref: A223695
HARRISSON.—Esme Joan (née
Price). Died at home in Lingfield after a
short illness, aged 92. Wife of Bob
(deceased). Much loved mother of
Martin and Clare. Nana to Oliver,
Rachel, Natalie, Robert and Alice,
Granna to Harry, Poppy, Emma, Daisy
and Jack. Beautiful memories for us all.
Funeral at Worth Crematorium at
11 a.m. on 26th April.
Online ref: 552718
HARRIS.—Martin FRICS. Martin died
peacefully surrounded by his family on
the 17th April 2018, aged 66. Much loved
by his wife Melanie, his children
Charlotte, Oliver and Caitlin, his son in
law Jon, and Grumpsy to Freya and
Lincoln. He will be greatly missed by
family and friends. A Thanksgiving
Service to take place at St Nicholas
Church, Harpenden, on Friday 4th May
at 2 p.m. Colourful attire welcome.
Donations, if desired, to Diabetes UK and
The British Heart Foundation c/o
Phillips. Tel: 01582 461100.
Online ref: 552758
HARVEY.—Marigold Ann (née
Sporborg), on 18th April 2018, aged 81
peacefully at home after a long illness.
Widow of Ted and much loved mother
of David, Nick and Alex, and adored
grandmother of Rose, Patrick, Henry,
Marina, India, Charlie and Arthur.
Funeral at Albury Church at 2 p.m. on
30th April. Family flowers only.
Donations to Albury Church.
Online ref: A223700
McALONAN.—William Skilling, April
29th 1929 – April 14th 2018. Former
Director of Roads, Strathclyde Region.
Peacefully, in Ayrshire on Saturday 14th
April, with his family, in his 89th year,
after living with cancer for 20 years.
Beloved husband of Laura, loving father
to Elsa, Kirsten and David; father-in-law
to Murdoch and Kirsty and adored
grandfather to Oliver and Skye. A
Thanksgiving Service for Bill’s life will
be held on Thursday April 26th at 11 a.m.
at Carmunnock Parish Church, to which
all friends are invited. The family are not
wearing black and no flowers please.
Donations instead to Prostate Cancer
Online ref: 552756
MILES.—Tony, journalist, died 14th
April 2018, aged 87. The combined
Funeral and Memorial Service will be
held on 1st May at 2 p.m. at St Joseph's
Catholic Church, Highgate Hill, N19
5NE, followed by a reception nearby.
No flowers but donations to St Joseph's
Restoration Fund in Tony's memory
would be appreciated.
Online ref: 552594
SAGE.—Maurice George died
peacefully among his family on 18th
April 2018, aged 86 after a short illness.
Much loved by his wife June, his
children Kate and Peter and his
grandchildren Jack, Helena and Oscar.
A private family cremation will take
place followed later by a Thanksgiving
Service at St Peter's Church, Newdigate,
Surrey on Friday 11th May at 12.30 p.m.
Family flowers only. Donations to St
Catherine's Hospice, Crawley.
Online ref: 552712
PANTON.—Angus Alexander Fitzgerald
died peacefully on 16th April, aged 85.
Much loved father to Thomas. Funeral
Service at St Martin's Church, Zeals on
4th May at 1.30 p.m. followed by a
private cremation. Family flowers only
please, but donations, if desired, to ILPH
c/o Co-operative Funeralcare, 2 High
Street, Gillingham, Dorset SP8 4QT.
Online ref: 552693
SHAW.—Joan passed peacefully at
home on 8th April 2018, aged 94 years.
Funeral Service will be held at St John in
the Wilderness, Exmouth, EX8 5QG, on
26th April at 12.30 p.m. Family flowers
only please with donations to British
Paralympic Association. Much loved
mother, grandmother and great
grandma, will be greatly missed by all.
Enquiries to Richard W. Gegg & Sons,
Funeral Directors: 01395 222444.
Online ref: 552730
REARDON.—John, photographer, died
peacefully, surrounded by family, on
21st April 2018.
Online ref: A223701
RENNER-GEE.—Iris Erni, loyal friend
and colleague to many, died at her South
London home on Sunday 8th April 2018,
aged 84. Iris requested no mourning, no
flowers but donations to her favourite
charity, Cats Protection, are welcome.
Private cremation, to be followed by a
memorial gathering in June.
Online ref: A223694
CREATE IN me a clean heart, O God;
and renew a right spirit within me. Cast
me not away from thy presence; and
take not thy holy spirit from me.
Psalm 51.10-11
WEST.—Godfrey Philip, of Rochester,
Kent, formerly of Danbury, Essex. Died
peacefully at home following a long
illness. Beloved husband of Suzanne
West and father of four sons, Nicholas,
Charles, Benjamin and Matthew. The
Funeral Service will be held at
Thamesview Crematorium, Kent DA12
2NL, 14th May at 3 p.m. Family flowers
only, with any donations to Wisdom
Hospice, Rochester.
Online ref: 552723
WILLIAMS.—Sir Lawrence Hugh, 9th
Baronet of Bodelwyddan, died
peacefully at home on 19th April 2018.
Any donations to Parkinson's UK.
Online ref: A223714
HAPPY 90TH BIRTHDAY Have a great
day Dad, enjoy your birthday surprises,
love from all the family xxx
Online ref: 552747
The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 24 April 2018
Jill, Duchess of Hamilton
Peter Lloyd
Dynamic and generous-spirited Australian-born journalist, author, plantswoman and campaigner
HAMILTON, who has died
aged 78, was a woman of
indomitable energy who left
her native Australia as a
young reporter for the
Murdoch press and ended up
marrying Scotland’s premier duke;
after her divorce, she distinguished
herself as a writer and researcher.
Jillian Robertson was born in
Sydney on January 30 1940, the
daughter of a First World War veteran,
and spent her youth in Townsville,
Queensland. After school, she made
her first trip to Britain. On her return
to Sydney in 1961 she trained as a
newspaper reporter under Donald
Horne, then Australia’s leading
journalist and later one of its great
public intellectuals. Three years later
she was sent to report from London.
She was one of the group’s youngest
foreign correspondents and later
recalled the young tycoon himself as a
friendly man in a brown suit
wandering between the desks of his
journalists. Assignments took her to
America, India, Russia, Tahiti, Vietnam
and Afghanistan. Among the people
she interviewed were Jawaharlal
Nehru, Indira Gandhi, the Dalai Lama,
Marlon Brando, Richard Burton,
Nancy Mitford and P G Wodehouse.
In November 1963 she attended a
dinner for President Kennedy in
Miami four nights before he was
assassinated. Two years later, when
working in Vietnam, she was one of
the first women to write about the
effects of bombing raids, having flown
in a raid from Da Nang.
Her journalistic career was cut short
by motherhood and marriage. Finding
herself pregnant, she married the
father of her child, a fellow journalist
named Martin Page. Her only son
Jamie was born in April 1968. The
marriage was brief and unhappy, and
after their divorce the couple never
spoke to each other or saw each other
again, communicating solely through
Nevertheless, Jill was deeply
annoyed some years later when the
marriage was annulled by the Roman
Catholic Church to enable Page, a
convert to Catholicism, to marry again.
Her second marriage, to Edward
Hulton, a scion of the newspaper
dynasty who was several years her
junior, brought with it a residence in
the south of France, a flat in Monte
Carlo as an address for tax purposes,
and a sea plane in which they regularly
toured the West Indies. But they were
unsuited to each other, and divorce
Her third and final husband was
Angus, 15th Duke of Hamilton. They
married in 1988, and divorced in 1995.
She was his second wife. She shared
his love of nature and conservation, as
well as his championing of distressed
animals, and carried out her duties as
chatelaine of Lennoxlove, his house,
with great devotion and energy.
Nevertheless, none of this hard work
and commitment was quite enough to
overcome the Duke’s alcoholism and
After her third divorce, she swore
that she would never marry again.
Based in a small but charming flat in
Chelsea, which she had been given by
the Hamilton estate, Jill, Duchess of
Hamilton, as she now became, threw
Jill Hamilton (and,
below, reporting
from Vietnam):
although she was
not religious, she
spent several
months a year in
Jerusalem and
wrote for the
Catholic Herald
herself into the business of making her
living, drawing on her dynamic
personality and her journalistic
In later years she came to dislike the
awkward title with which her last
divorce had saddled her and
demanded that it be removed from her
byline as a journalist. On being asked
the correct written form of address for
a divorced duchess, she replied: “I
have absolutely no bloody idea, and
please don’t tell me.”
Her best book, Marengo, the Myth of
Napoleon’s Horse (2000), uncovered
some hitherto unknown facts about
Napoleon’s favourite horse and
identified, through some impressive
detective work, one of its hooves, until
then lost. First to Damascus (2002)
dealt with her father’s wartime
experiences in the Australian Light
Horse in Egypt, Palestine and Syria.
Later came God, Guns and Israel
(2009), which placed the Balfour
Declaration in its correct context and
identified the many evangelical
Christians in Balfour’s cabinet who
were instrumental in ensuring British
support for a Jewish homeland. This
ran to several editions and was
translated into Italian as Il Dio in armi
(“God under Arms”).
Her appetite for research knew no
bounds, and she was constantly on the
lookout for new projects, her prose
style reflecting her enthusiastic and
catholic approach. There was also a
First World War poetry anthology,
Gallipoli to Gaza (2003).
The Holy Land soon became an
abiding interest. She spent several
months every year as the guest of
various religious bodies in Jerusalem,
having enrolled at London’s School of
African and Oriental Studies, first to do
an MA and then a doctorate, which
was to investigate the status of
marriage law in Israel, a state that has
no civil divorce.
In the course of her researches she
uncovered the way that Christian
women in the Middle East would often
change religion so as to escape the
restrictive practices of the various
churches with regard to divorce. From
her place in Jerusalem she fired off
regular columns for the Catholic
Her reporting from the Holy City
was only one string to her bow, and
hardly enough to channel all her
formidable energy. She tried her best
to have the Garden of Gethsemane,
perhaps the world’s most ancient and
important garden, replanted with
native plants. In 2007-8, using only
native flora, she designed a garden
beside the Baths of Bethesda at the
Church of Saint Anne in the Old City.
This is now visited by pilgrims who
take bunches of herbs as souvenirs to
press in their Bibles.
She had by this stage already written
numerous volumes on gardening,
including Scottish Plants for Scottish
Gardens (1996), English Plants for Your
Garden (2000) and The Gardens of
William Morris (1998), the last of
which was translated into several
languages. She had also exhibited at
Chelsea on several occasions and won
If this were not enough, as the
daughter of a soldier, her campaigning
zeal inspired her to set up a memorial
in London to Australian soldiers who
had fallen in Europe and the Middle
East in both World Wars.
In 1995 she organised an Australian
War Memorial at Battersea Park in
London, and a dawn service on Anzac
Day. This eventually led to the
memorial that now stands at Hyde
Park Corner, which was built by the
Australian government.
Her energetic personality, which
could exhaust less hardy souls, was
equally to the fore in her social life. A
familiar figure in the Chelsea Arts
Club, she advised on the garden there
as well as offering suggestions on a
wide range of other subjects.
She was frequently invited to
parties, quite often by people she
hardly knew. “There’s a list,” she once
explained. “Once you are on it, you get
invited to everything.”
Strikingly attractive and looking
several decades younger than her real
age, she was pursued by numerous
men. One, a former Chancellor of the
Exchequer, tried to kiss her through a
taxi window. “Can you imagine the
horror of that face coming towards
you?” she recalled.
Jill Hamilton was devoted to Dame
Miriam Rothschild, the natural
scientist, with whom she spent much
time, often staying at a cottage in the
grounds of her house. Later, she
became great friends with Prince and
Princess Michael of Kent, often
walking their dog when they were
away. “The Princess gives excellent
advice,” she confided.
She was never sentimental. Cancer
was diagnosed, and in her final illness
she faced the business of dying with
the same dauntless spirit with which
she had faced all the challenges of life.
Lying in bed shortly before leaving
for the hospice, she mischievously
suggested to a friend that he try the
powerful opiate medicine she had
been given to ease her pain. “Let’s face
it, darling, I’ll be gone before I can
finish the bottle,” she said.
Despite her connection to the
Catholic Herald, her friendship with
numerous clerics, and her residence in
Jerusalem, she was never religious.
She was devoted to her son Jamie,
who survives her. She planned to
donate her body to science and to have
no funeral. “Funerals,” she told one
friend, “are a bore.”
Her last days were spent in a small
flat in Oxford, surrounded by devoted
friends helping her to get her thesis in
order for submission to Soas.
Jill, Duchess of Hamilton, born
January 30 1940, died April 22 2018
Brigadier David Baines
D-Day veteran who was involved in a perilous rescue of civilians from an overturned bus in Libya
who has died aged 94, had a
distinguished and adventurous
career in both the Army and
the Security Services.
In 1947, Baines was serving as
adjutant with 74 Heavy Anti-Aircraft
Regiment RA in Libya. On the night of
October 22, near Homs, a civilian bus
loaded with Arabs ran off the road into
a wadi or ravine which was flooded
after a cloudburst.
Baines was one of a rescue party
which arrived at 2000 hours on a
tractor. By this time the bus was
overturned in a torrent about 10 yards
from the edge of the road. Eighteen
Arabs were clinging to the bus. Four
others had been swept downstream
and two of these were 120 yards away
and holding desperately to some rocks.
After the Arabs in the vehicle had
been rescued by means of an
improvised ropeway, Baines floated a
lifeline to the two nearest Arabs. He
rescued one. The other was washed
away by the strength of the current.
When all attempts to float a line to
the two remaining Arabs failed, Baines
dived into the river. He was tied to the
bus with one rope and carried another,
but he was still 50 yards from the two
men when he reached the end of his
rope. He tried to float the other line to
the men, but this failed and he made
the perilous return journey for more
rope. Several times he disappeared
under the water but eventually he got
the line to the men and they were
slowly pulled against the current to
safety. When the rescue operation
ended at 0300 hours, Baines had been
in the water for more than three hours.
He was recommended for a George
Cross. When this was questioned,
George VI intervened. The King
considered that the courage Baines
had shown merited the award of at
least a George Medal but, in the event,
he was appointed MBE (Military) for
Baines in 1967, and,
below, during Octu
training; he was
once arrested by
the Soviets for not
wearing a uniform
at the opera
David Fitzroy Alan Talbot Baines,
the son of a Gunner officer, was born
at Sutton, London, on December 22
1923 and educated at Eton, where he
was Captain of House. He enlisted in
1941 on his 18th birthday and was
commissioned in April 1943.
Having joined 25/26 Battery,
7 Medium Regiment RA, as signals
officer, he landed on Gold Beach on
D-Day and took part in fierce fighting
in Normandy, Belgium, Holland and
the advance into Germany.
At the Battle of Arnhem in
September 1944, he was attached to
US 82nd Airborne Division and, in the
forced crossing of the Rhine, his
vehicle was blown up on a mine and
his signaller killed.
In August 1945 he transferred to
6th Field Regiment RA and served as
adjutant with this unit in Palestine and
Tripoli where 6 FR became 74 HAA.
After a posting to 5 Royal Horse
Artillery followed by a move to Mons
Officer Cadet School as an instructor,
he was on the staff at 31 Lorried
Infantry Brigade.
In 1957 he joined 3 RHA at Bulford,
first as adjutant, then as battery
captain. A spell at the MS Branch of the
War Office was followed by command
of the Chestnut Troop 1 RHA in BAOR
as a brevet lieutenant-colonel.
After a tour as Chief of Staff at HQ 2
Division, BAOR, he assumed command
of 1 RHA and led the Regiment to Aden
on operational service in September
1965. The Regiment fired more than
23,000 rounds in support of seven
British and six Arab battalions and
received some 50 casualties, including
seven killed.
In 1967 he was promoted brigadier
and appointed Commander Royal
Artillery 4 Division in Herford, BAOR.
He subsequently became Director of
Plans at HQ Strategic Command.
His final job took him to Berlin as
Chief of the British Military Mission to
Soviet Forces or Brixmis. The system
licensed intelligence gathering by
Soviet and Allied forces but differing
interpretation of the rules led to some
sharp clashes, some of which strained
relations almost to breaking point. But
there were also lighter moments.
On one occasion Baines and his
wife, Honor, attended the opera in
Leipzig, behind the Iron Curtain.
Baines felt that the occasion demanded
that he wear a dinner jacket. Uniform,
however, was what the Soviets insisted
upon and, at the end of the
performance, they were arrested in
full view of the audience and driven to
Potsdam under escort.
Unfortunately, the young Russian
officer leading the convoy got
hopelessly lost, and Baines ordered his
official car to show him the way. This
resulted in the unprecedented sight of
the large black British Military Mission
vehicle, flying the Union Jack, leading
10 Soviet army cars up the East
German autobahn.
Baines might have reached higher
rank had he been more calculating,
but his nature was to tackle problems
head on, to take swift and decisive
action and to encourage others to do
likewise. He was highly respected and
held in great affection by the officers
and men who served with him.
He retired from the Army in 1974,
and for the next nine years worked for
MI5 on measures to counter the
terrorist threat, especially that posed
by the IRA, to oil and gas installations
around the British Isles. He then
became a security consultant to BP
International until he retired in 1988.
For the next five years, he was
emergency planning officer for St John
Ambulance in Wiltshire. He was, for 10
years, a member of the Wessex Region
Committee of Ofwat, and for many
years he was churchwarden of his
parish church of Berwick St James.
Settled in a Jacobean house in
Salisbury, he and his wife travelled to
many parts of the world. He enjoyed
skiing, sailing his yacht and, when well
into his eighties, he was riding astride
elephants in northern India.
As President of the Normandy
Veterans Association, he attended the
annual commemoration of the D-Day
landings and rarely missed the
reunions of 1 RHA Aden Veterans.
David Baines married, in 1948,
Honor Coriat, whom he met when her
father was Area Governor of
Tripolitania, and who was the greatest
support throughout their life together.
She survives him with their two sons,
both of whom became cavalry officers
before having careers in the City.
David Baines, born December 22
1923, died March 1 2018
Popular flautist who was heard
in Leia’s theme from Star Wars
ETER LLOYD, who has
died aged 86, played
principal flute with the
London Symphony
Orchestra from 1967 to 1987;
he was also a distinguished
soloist in his own right as
well as a much-loved
In 1969 John Williams
wrote a concerto for him,
full of ethereal tone colours;
Lloyd would repay the
compliment some years
later with his exquisite
rendition of the solo from
Leia’s theme in the
soundtrack to Star Wars.
Lloyd was the choice of
many conductors when a
flute concerto, especially a
modern one, was on the
programme. André Previn
conducted him in Nielsen’s
Concerto in 1972 and
Malcolm Arnold’s Concerto
the following year, while in
1974 his account of Cristóbal
Halffter’s Fibonaciana was
described by a Daily
Telegraph critic as being
“played with great fire and
Peter John Lloyd was
born at Broadstone, Dorset,
on September 9 1931, later
describing his father as
“something in the City”. He
was educated at Dauntsey’s
School, Wiltshire, where he
took up flute at age 14.
He told Robert Bigio in
the journal Flute how he
was encouraged by “a
marvellous man whose
name was Mr Nightingale”,
who proved to be an
inspirational teacher even if
he was unaware of the
niceties of flute playing.
Excused National Service
because of his asthma, Lloyd
entered the Royal College of
Music to study with Edward
Walker, principal flautist of
the LSO.
During his final year,
having earlier been thrown
out of the National Youth
Orchestra for not being
good enough, he joined the
Scottish National Orchestra,
playing on a wooden flute.
“There were only two
people after the second flute
job,” he recalled of his
application for the post.
“The other bloke had just
got out of a military band
and didn’t know what an
orchestra part was.”
Within a couple of years
Lloyd had saved enough
money to take six months
out. He now studied with
Fernand Caratgé in France,
who taught him the art of
perfection and helped him
switch to a silver
instrument. Eventually he
made his way to the BBC
Northern Orchestra in
Manchester. He had always
wanted to play for John
Barbirolli, conductor of the
Lloyd ’played with great fire
and conviction’, said one critic
neighbouring Hallé
Orchestra, and was thrilled
when Barbirolli offered him
a post. Yet on the day that
the Hallé contract landed on
his desk, the LSO called to
offer him the post in
After 20 years with the
orchestra, during which he
also taught at the Guildhall
School of Music and Drama
and played with several
leading chamber music
ensembles including Barry
Tuckwell’s wind quintet,
Lloyd accepted an offer to
join Indiana University in
the US. There he joined a
remarkable group of
musicians led by the cellist
János Starker and the pianist
Menahem Pressler. “I loved
it. It was heaven,” he said of
his early days.
But within a few years he
had changed his tune: “I
didn’t understand how
important sport was to
American universities,” he
said, pointing out that his
music students were being
wasted on marching bands
rather than undertaking
serious musical study.
Back in Britain, Lloyd
settled again in Manchester.
He had intended to continue
playing and soon arranged a
concert of music by Czech
composers. But not long
beforehand he came down
with pneumonia,
exacerbated by his asthma.
“The air would not work,”
he recalled, “Then I said to
myself, ‘Aren’t you lucky!
You don’t have to worry any
more’. ” At which point he
stopped playing
Instead, from 1993 he was
professor of flute at the
Royal Northern College of
Music, where he was made
an honorary fellow in 1999.
Peter Lloyd married, first,
Geraldine Purser, in 1960.
That was dissolved, as was
his second marriage to
Thelma Handy, leader of the
Royal Liverpool
Philharmonic Orchestra. He
is survived by six sons, three
from each marriage.
Peter Lloyd, born
September 9 1931,
died April 15 2018
Tuesday 24 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Television & radio
Last night on television Benji Wilson
What to watch
Westworld is back with a
vengeance – and more action 
and part-monster movie. It
follows two Royal Navy
ships in the 1840s on a
journey to discover the
Northwest Passage through
the Arctic. Conditions
worsen, resources dwindle
and strange creatures lurk
as the crews begin to turn
on each other. A top-notch
cast, led by Ciarán Hinds,
Jared Harris and Tobias
Menzies, keeps the tension
high and the humanity front
and centre among some
difficult characters. GT
The Split
Fired up: Evan Rachel Wood as Dolores in the return of the Sky Atlantic sci-fi series
he first season of
Westworld (Sky Atlantic)
was so confusing that
attempting to explain it
to a newcomer required
a degree in metaphysics,
a 10ft whiteboard and some Nurofen.
Set in a futuristic Wild West theme
park, peopled by robots
indistinguishable from humans, where
“guests” could play out their basest
human desires, it was unashamedly a
treatise on the nature of reality,
consciousness and determinism. And
if that sounds a bit heavy for a Monday
night, plenty agreed.
But actually, as the series returns for
a second run, what’s most striking
about Westworld is just how much fun
it all is. It probably isn’t what its
creators want people to like it for – as
evidenced by their insistence on some
pseudishly circular dialogue about
reality, consciousness and
determinism – but Westworld is best
enjoyed as an epic shoot ’em up.
There was a lot of epically shooting
’em up in last night’s first episode,
which contained a body count that
made Rambo look like The Sound of
Music. The robots had acquired both
self-awareness and guns, and you can
guess what followed. It was hard not to
root for Dolores (Evan Rachel Wood)
and Maeve (Thandie Newton) as they
meted out great vengeance on their
cruel former masters.
The best scenes involved Newton
and the park’s unctuous “story
architect” Lee Sizemore (Simon
Quarterman). Sporting a power-suit
and a large rifle she humiliated him for
some of the duff lines he’d written for
her and then made him strip off
entirely. Given that Newton had had to
parade nude to no obvious purpose in
series one, this felt like a rejoinder
both to the slimeball Sizemore and to
the series’s critics.
Those same critics felt that series
one asked too many wafty, highfalutin
questions without providing any
satisfying answers; this time around
the show appears to have greater
direction. Increasingly we’re following
Bernard (Jeffrey Wright), the
programmer who turned out to be a
robot himself. It’s the right play – Wright
is terrific. He’s able to express an
ontological crisis (which is basically what
Westworld is) through gestures and
expressions, rather than in quotable,
but ultimately meaningless, aphorisms.
Westworld is best when there’s less
talk, more action. Benji Wilson
ven habitual harrumpher Jeremy
Paxman was impressed by the
standard of quizzing in the grand
final of University Challenge (BBC
Two). “It’s amazing what people know,
isn’t it?” marvelled the host. Indeed it
was, covering eclectic topics from the
Shipping Forecast to Chinese
literature, from the Black Lives Matter
movement in the US to Egyptian
politician Boutros Boutros-Ghali.
For the fifth year in a row, the
showdown was an all-Oxbridge affair.
It’s becoming like a brainbox version
of the Boat Race. First-time finalists St
John’s College, Cambridge, took on
Merton College, Oxford, who last won
the contest back in 1980.
At a cursory glance, this episode
could have been filmed anytime in the
last half-century. University Challenge
is impervious to change, with
everything reassuringly familiar: the
jaunty string music, the lo-fi buzzers,
the split-screen effect, viewers’
air-punching pride when they get one
right. Even the teams’ appearances –
ill-fitting blazers, patterned ties,
polo-necks, non-statement specs and
resolutely unfashionable haircuts
– were a throwback.
Once battle commenced, it was a
women’s world out there. The star
players were the only two female
participants: Merton captain Leonie
Woodland, who looked worried even
while reeling off correct answers, and
St John’s’ Rosie McKeown, lightningquick queen of the starter question.
The six males – even the teams’
respective “human Googles”, Merton’s
Akira Wiberg and John-Clark Levin
from St John’s – barely got a look-in.
It was a ding-dong clash, with
Merton racing into an early lead before
St John’s clawed their way back. Once
the Cambridge college got their
bookish noses in front, they stayed
there, winning by 145 points to 100.
This final’s female domination
continued as the trophy was presented
by composer Judith Weir.
This 47th series hasn’t been a
vintage one, due to the lack of a cult
figure like 2009 phenomenon Gail
Trimble, 2010’s deadpan Alexander
Guttenplan, 2015’s Ted Loveday or last
year’s Eric Monkman, whose grimacing,
gurning facial expressions inspired
“Monkmania”. However, it remains
quietly gripping and pleasingly
highbrow in a dumbed-down world.
As Paxman concluded: “Until next
time, goodbye.” Michael Hogan
Westworld ★★★★
University Challenge ★★★
Abi Morgan’s latest
television drama is
perhaps her most
mainstream yet after the
psychological trauma of
River and period precision
of The Hour, but that
doesn’t mean that it’s
The set up is the stuff of
classic family melodrama:
London divorce lawyer
Hannah Stern (Nicola
Walker) clashes with her
mother (Deborah Findlay)
when she leaves the family
firm for a bigger, flashier
rival – and the pair end up
on opposite sides in a highprofile case between a
sportswear mogul
(Stephen Tompkinson)
and his wife (Meera Syal).
Complicating matters
further, Hannah’s
estranged father (Anthony
Head) returns after 30
years, leaving Hannah and
her two sisters (Annabel
Scholey and Fiona Button),
one a singleton, the other
engaged, in turmoil.
There’s an
unselfconscious gloss not
often seen on British TV,
and the set-ups are ripe
for the sort of narrative
twists in which Morgan
excels, all peppered
with her familiarly
pointed dialogue.
Walker and Stephen
Flight HS13
CHANNEL 4, 11.00PM
 An absorbing Dutch
thriller in which a woman
(Katja Schuurman) goes in
search of her husband
(Daniel Boissevain) after he
fails to board a plane which
subsequently crashes. The
full series will be available
on Walter Presents from
11.55pm. GT
Cunk on Britain
BBC TWO, 10.00PM; N IRELAND, 11.15PM
 Can Diane Morgan’s
Legal eagle: Nicola Walker as divorce lawyer Hannah
Mangan are particularly
convincing as a couple still
in love but also in denial
about the cracks
appearing in their
marriage. There’s nothing
guilty about this pleasure.
Gabriel Tate
Rent for Sex / The Botox
Bust: Ellie Undercover
Tate Britain’s Great
Art Walks
BBC ONE, 10.45PM & 11.15PM; SCOTLAND,
11.45PM & 12.15AM
 Gus Casely-Hayford
brings Jeremy Paxman to
the Cairngorms, inspiration
for Edwin Landseer, who
sculpted the four lions of
Nelson’s Column but never
fulfilled his promise after a
breakdown set the pattern
of mental-health issues that
would dog him for life. GT
Fatberg Autopsy: Secrets
of the Sewers
 This grotesque film
Tate Britain’s Great Art Walks
follows presenter Rick
Edwards and technician
Carla Valentine as they
pull apart one of those
enormous lumps of
congealed fat and assorted
unpleasantness, uncovering
a grim truths about
modern life. GT
 Investigative journalist
Ellie Flynn goes undercover
to explore the alarming
phenomena of landlords
offering rooms in exchange
for sex, and then the
professional misuse of
Botox. GT
The Terror
AMC, 9.00PM
 Turning Dan Simmons’s
slightly pulpy source
material into a gripping
drama, this new series is
part-psychological thriller,
The Terror: Ciarán Hinds
dunderheaded alter-ego
wring laughs from the first
half of the 20th century? Of
course she can, when her
real targets are the many pofaced documentaries on the
same that preceded her. GT
Champions League
Football: Liverpool v
BT SPORT 2, 7.45PM
 Having brushed aside
Manchester City 5-1 on
aggregate, Liverpool take
on Roma in what should
be a pulsating semi-final
first leg at Anfield.
Radio choice Charlotte Runcie
Jeremy Vine: Agony Uncle
RADIO 2, 10.00PM
 As part of BBC Radio 2’s
Funny Fortnight of new
comedy pilots, this is a
surreal alternate-universe
spoof of Jeremy Vine’s radio
show. It features bizarre
phone-ins such as “Should
cheese be weaponised?” and
also allows us to listen in on
Radio 1
FM 97.6-99.8MHz
6.30 am The Radio 1 Breakfast
Show with Nick Grimshaw
10.00 Clara Amfo
12.45 pm Newsbeat
1.00 Scott Mills
4.00 Greg James
5.45 Newsbeat
6.00 Greg James
7.00 Annie Mac
9.00 The 8th with Dev
11.00 Huw Stephens
1.00 am Annie Nightingale
3.00 Movies That Made Me:
Emma Stone and Ben
4.00 - 6.30am Radio 1’s Early
Breakfast Show with Adele
Radio 2
FM 88-90.2MHz
am Chris Evans
Ken Bruce
Jeremy Vine
pm Steve Wright in the
Amol Rajan
Jamie Cullum
Jo Whiley
◆ Jeremy Vine: Agony
Uncle. See Radio choice
◆ Josh Widdicombe Will
Make Your Life Better.
See Radio choice
Nigel Ogden: The Organist
Listen to the Band
Sounds of the 80s
am Radio 2’s Folk Playlist
Radio 2 Playlist: 90s Hits
Radio 2 Playlist: Wednesday
- 6.30am Nicki Chapman
Radio 3
FM 90.2-92.4MHz
6.30 am Breakfast
9.00 Essential Classics
12.00 Composer of the Week:
1.00 pm News
1.02 Radio 3 Lunchtime Concert
Vine’s off-air conversations,
including ones with none
other than US President
Donald Trump, who seeks
the broadcaster’s advice
while the music is playing.
Vine is played here with
such uncanny accuracy by
the actor and impressionist
Lewis Macleod that I had
to double check it wasn’t
really the presenter.
Afternoon Concert
BBC Young Musician 2018
In Tune
In Tune Mixtape
Radio 3 in Concert
Free Thinking
The Essay: Dark Blossoms
Late Junction
- 6.30am Through the
Radio 4
FM 92.4-94.6MHz; LW 198KHz
am Today
LW: Yesterday in Parliament
The Long View
Nature’s Great Invaders
FM: Book of the Week:
Sharp: The Women Who
Made an Art of Having an
LW: Daily Service
Woman’s Hour
The Second Genome
The Voices of
pm LW: Shipping Forecast
Home Front
Call You and Yours
The World at One
Chinese Characters
The Archers
Drama: Mythos
The Kitchen Cabinet
Costing the Earth
Word of Mouth
Great Lives
LW: Shipping Forecast
Six O’Clock News
Love in Recovery
The Archers
Front Row
Curious Under the Stars
Too Young to Veil?
In Touch
All in the Mind
The Long View
The World Tonight
Book at Bedtime: Nikesh
Shukla – The One Who
Wrote Destiny
Richard Marsh: Cardboard
Today in Parliament
Josh Widdicombe Will
Make Your Life Better
RADIO 2, 10.30PM
 Another of the Funny
Fortnight pilots tonight is a
new panel show presented
by Josh Widdicombe, he of
Channel 4’s The Last Leg and
the BBC Three sitcom Josh.
Here Widdicombe plays a
version of himself, and this
12.00 News and Weather
12.30 am Book of the Week:
Sharp: The Women Who
Made an Art of Having an
12.48 Shipping Forecast
1.00 As World Service
5.20 Shipping Forecast
5.30 News Briefing
5.43 Prayer for the Day
5.45 Farming Today
5.58 - 6.00am Tweet of the Day
Radio 5 Live
MW 693 & 909KHz
6.00 am 5 Live Breakfast
10.00 The Emma Barnett Show
with Anna Foster
1.00 pm Afternoon Edition
4.00 5 Live Drive
6.30 5 Live Sport
7.45 5 Live Sport: Champions
League Football 2017-18.
Liverpool v AS Roma
(kick-off 7.45pm)
10.00 5 Live Sport: 5 Live
Football Social
10.30 Phil Williams
1.00 am Up All Night
5.00 Morning Reports
5.15 - 6.00am Wake Up to
Classic FM
FM 99.9-101.9MHz
am More Music Breakfast
John Suchet
pm Anne-Marie Minhall
Classic FM Drive
Smooth Classics at Seven
The Full Works Concert.
Over the next four nights,
the station celebrates the
best recordings of 2018.
Tonight Jane Jones features
work by Grieg, Albeniz,
Danzi and Philip Stopford
10.00 Smooth Classics
1.00 - 6.00am Sam Pittis
World Service
6.00am Newsday 8.06 BBC World
Hacks 8.30 Business Daily 8.50
week he’s joined by Harry
Hill and Fay Ripley as the
guests who are squabbling
over the panel show’s
central premise: what life
hacks, hare-brained ideas
and elaborate schemes can a
group of celebrities and
comedians come up with to
help us live our lives? Each
suggestion is demonstrated,
tested and critiqued on air.
Witness 9.00 News 9.06 The Forum
9.50 Sporting Witness 10.00 World
Update 11.00 The Newsroom 11.30
In the Studio 12.00 News 12.06pm
Outlook 1.00 The Newsroom 1.30 The
Documentary 2.00 Newshour 3.00
News 3.06 BBC World Hacks 3.30
World Business Report 4.00 BBC OS
6.00 News 6.06 Outlook 7.00 The
Newsroom 7.30 Sport Today 8.00
News 8.06 BBC World Hacks 8.30 Click
9.00 Newshour 10.00 News 10.06 The
Documentary 10.30 In the Studio
11.00 News 11.06 The Newsroom
11.20 Sports News 11.30 World
Business Report 12.00 News 12.06am
The Forum 12.50 Sporting Witness
1.00 News 1.06 Business Matters
2.00 News 2.06 The Newsroom 2.30
The Documentary 3.00 News 3.06
Newsday 3.30 The Compass 4.00 News
4.06 Newsday 5.00 News 5.06 The
Newsroom 5.30 - 6.00am Click
Radio 4 Extra
6.00am Rogue Justice 6.30 Grasshead
Racers 7.00 Stockport, So Good They
Named It Once 7.30 Love in Recovery
8.00 The Ken Dodd Show 8.30 The
Men from the Ministry 9.00 The News
Quiz Extra 9.45 Helen Keen’s It Is
Rocket Science 10.00 The Idiot 11.00
Grounded 11.15 Forest Tales 12.00
The Ken Dodd Show 12.30pm The Men
from the Ministry 1.00 Rogue Justice
1.30 Grasshead Racers 2.00 Expo 58
2.15 Shakespeare’s Restless World
2.30 Good News 2.45 Catch Me If You
Can 3.00 The Idiot 4.00 It’s Not What
You Know 4.30 The Wordsmiths at
Gorsemere 5.00 Stockport, So Good
They Named It Once 5.30 Love in
Recovery 6.00 The Man Who Was
Thursday 6.30 Pioneers 7.00 The Ken
Dodd Show 7.30 The Men from the
Ministry 8.00 Rogue Justice. Thriller,
by Geoffrey Household. Originally
broadcast in 2009 8.30 Grasshead
Racers. Dorset’s annual lawnmower
race. From 2004 9.00 Grounded 9.15
Forest Tales 10.00 Comedy Club 12.00
The Man Who Was Thursday 12.30am
Pioneers 1.00 Rogue Justice 1.30
Grasshead Racers 2.00 Expo 58 2.15
Shakespeare’s Restless World 2.30
Good News 2.45 Catch Me If You Can
3.00 The Idiot 4.00 It’s Not What You
Know 4.30 The Wordsmiths at
Gorsemere 5.00 Stockport, So Good
They Named It Once 5.30 - 6.00am
Love in Recovery
The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 24 April 2018
Today’s television
FV Freeview FS Freesat (AD) Audio description (R) Repeat (S) Subtitles (SL) In-vision signing
Channel 4
Channel 5
6.00 am Breakfast (S) 9.15 Rip Off Britain:
Food (S) 10.00 Homes Under the
Hammer (AD) (S) 11.00 Heir Hunters
(S) 11.45 The Housing Enforcers (S)
12.15 pm Bargain Hunt (AD) (R) (S)
1.00 BBC News at One; Weather (S)
1.30 Regional News; Weather (S)
1.45 Doctors (AD) (S)
2.15 800 Words (AD) (S)
3.00 Escape to the Country (AD) (S)
3.45 Flipping Profit (AD) (S)
4.30 Flog It! (R) (S)
5.15 Pointless (S)
6.00 BBC News at Six; Weather (S)
6.30 Regional News; Weather (S)
6.00 am Flog It! Trade Secrets (R) (S)
6.25 Heir Hunters (R) (S) 7.10 The
Super League Show (S) 8.00 Sign
Zone: Sea Cities – Bristol (R) (S) (SL)
9.00 Victoria Derbyshire (S) 10.00
Live Snooker: The World
Championship. Ding Junhui v Xiao
Guodong and Stuart Bingham v Jack
Lisowski (S)
12.00 Daily Politics (S)
1.00 pm Live Snooker: The World
Championship Luca Brecel v Ricky
Walden and Mark Williams v Jimmy
Robertson (S)
6.00 Eggheads (R) (S)
6.30 Britain in Bloom (S)
6.00 am Good Morning Britain (S) 8.30
Lorraine (S) 9.25 The Jeremy Kyle
Show (S) 10.30 This Morning (S)
12.30 pm Loose Women (S)
1.30 News; Weather (S)
1.55 Regional News; Weather (S)
2.00 Judge Rinder (S)
3.00 Tenable (S)
4.00 Tipping Point (S)
5.00 The Chase (S)
6.00 Regional News; Weather (S)
6.30 News; Weather (S)
6.00 am Countdown (R) (S) 6.45 3rd
Rock from the Sun (AD) (R) (S)
7.10 3rd Rock from the Sun (AD) (R)
(S) 7.35 Everybody Loves Raymond
(R) (S) 8.00 Everybody Loves
Raymond (R) (S) 8.30 Frasier (R) (S)
9.00 Frasier (R) (S) 9.35 Frasier (R)
(S) 10.05 Ramsay’s Hotel Hell (AD)
(R) (S) 11.00 Undercover Boss USA
(R) (S)
12.00 Channel 4 News (S)
12.05 pm Coast vs Country (AD) (R) (S)
1.05 Posh Pawnbrokers (R) (S)
2.10 Countdown (S)
3.00 A Place in the Sun: Home or Away
(R) (S)
4.00 Escape to the Chateau: DIY (AD) (S)
5.00 Four in a Bed (R) (S)
5.30 Buy It Now (S)
6.00 The Simpsons (AD) (R) (S)
6.30 Hollyoaks (AD) (R) (S)
6.00 am Milkshake! 9.15 The Wright Stuff
(S) 11.15 Can’t Pay? We’ll Take It
Away! (R) (S)
12.10 pm 5 News Lunchtime (S)
12.15 GPs: Behind Closed Doors
(AD) (R) (S)
1.10 Access (S)
1.15 Home and Away (AD) (S)
1.45 Neighbours (AD) (S)
2.15 NCIS (AD) (R) (S)
3.15 FILM: Secrets of Eden (2012, TVM)
Drama starring John Stamos (S)
5.00 5 News at 5 (R) (S)
5.30 Neighbours (AD) (R) (S)
6.00 Home and Away (AD) (R) (S)
6.30 5 News Tonight (S)
Cunk on Britain
This Time Next Year
Holby City
7.00 Antiques Road Trip Christina
Trevanion and James Braxton begin
their hunt in the Scottish Borders (S)
7.00 The One Show Live chat and
topical reports (S)
7.30 EastEnders The residents are
furious about Max’s return (AD) (S)
Flight HS13
7.00 Autumn in Loch Lomond Cameras
document autumn events at Loch
Lomond and the Trossachs National
Park (R) (S)
7.30 Devon and Cornwall Cops
Documentary following the work of
police officers in the two counties
(AD) (R) (S)
8.00 Top of the Shop with Tom Kerridge
Sweetmakers compete for a place in
the final (AD) (S)
8.00 This Time Next Year Davina
McCall meets a young couple
desperate to start a family
against all odds (AD) (S)
8.00 Class of Mum and Dad Lateness is
among the problems at Blackrod
Primary School (AD) (S)
8.00 The Yorkshire Vet Julian Norton is
called out to a sick llama (S)
9.00 The Split New series. A top divorce
lawyer finds business is personal
when she leaves the family firm
See What to watch (AD) (S)
9.00 Hospital Cameras follow stranded
patients at Nottingham University
Hospitals (S)
9.00 Last Laugh in Vegas The
performers wonder whether the
show should go on after a tragedy
hits Nevada (AD) (S)
9.00 Fatberg Autopsy: Secrets of the
Sewers Rick Edwards and experts
examine a huge blockage of fat and
human waste See What to watch
(AD) (S)
9.00 Ben Nevis: The Venomous
Mountain Examining one of Britain’s
most iconic mountains (S)
10.00 BBC News at Ten (S)
10.30 Regional News; Weather (S)
10.45 Rent for Sex: Ellie Undercover Part
one of two. Landlords offering
rooms in properties in exchange for
sexual favours See What to watch
(AD) (S)
10.00 Cunk on Britain Mark Lawson joins
Philomena to discuss the first half
of the 20th century See What to
watch (AD) (S)
10.30 Newsnight (S)
10.00 News; Weather (S)
10.30 Regional News; Weather (S)
10.45 The Cruise: Sailing the Caribbean
Captain Bob Oliver enjoys his last
tour of duty before retirement
(AD) (R) (S)
10.00 The World’s Most Luxurious Airline
(AD) (R) (S)
11.00 Flight HS13 See What to watch 11.55
Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA
12.45am One Born Every Minute 1.45
The Secret Life of the Zoo 2.40 The
Channel: The World’s Busiest
Waterway 3.35 Come Dine Champion
of Champions 4.30 Building the
Dream 5.25 Steph and Dom’s One
Star to Five Star 5.50 - 6.00am
Kirstie’s Handmade Treasures
11.15 The Botox Bust: Ellie Undercover
See What to watch 11.45 Live at the
Apollo 12.35- 6.00am News
11.15 The Durrells 12.10am Jackpot247
3.00 Loose Women 3.45 ITV
Nightscreen 5.05 - 6.00am The
Jeremy Kyle Show
BBC Four
Northern Ireland
BBC One:
No variations
BBC Two:
10.00 - 10.30pm Keepin ’er
Country 11.15 Cunk on Britain
11.45 Snooker: The World
Championship 12.35 2.05am Snooker: World
Championship Extra
7.00 pm Beyond 100 Days
7.30 Sea City
8.00 King Alfred and the AngloSaxons
9.00 The Story of the Jews
10.00 Majesty and Mortar:
Britain’s Great Palaces
11.00 Chivalry and Betrayal: The
Hundred Years War
12.00 Francesco’s Italy Top to Toe
1.00 am Top of the Pops: 1983
1.40 Top of the Pops: 1983
2.15 - 3.15am The Story of the
8.00 - 9.00pm The Spirit of
Northern Ireland Awards
10.45 This Time Next Year
11.45 Give It a Year 12.10am
The Cruise: Sailing the
Caribbean 12.35 Teleshopping
2.05 - 3.00am ITV
BBC One:
8.00 - 9.00pm River City
10.45 Holby City 11.45 Rent
for Sex: Ellie Undercover
12.15am The Botox Bust: Ellie
Undercover 12.45 Live at the
Apollo 1.35 - 6.00am BBC
BBC Two:
Noon The Goldbergs 1.00pm The Big
Bang Theory 2.00 How I Met Your
Mother 3.00 New Girl 4.00 Brooklyn
Nine-Nine 5.00 The Goldbergs 6.00 The
Big Bang Theory 7.00 Hollyoaks 7.30
Extreme Cake Makers 8.00 The Big Bang
Theory 9.00 Gotham 10.00 Supernatural
11.00 The Big Bang Theory 12.00 First
Dates 1.05am Tattoo Fixers 2.05
Gotham 2.55 Supernatural 3.404.05am How I Met Your Mother
11.35am Four in a Bed 2.10pm Come
Dine with Me 4.50 A Place in the Sun:
FV 24 FS 117 SKY 120 VIRGIN 118
10.20am The Bachelor 12.15pm
Emmerdale 12.45 Coronation Street
1.45 The Ellen DeGeneres Show 2.35
The Jeremy Kyle Show 5.50 Take Me Out
7.00 You’ve Been Framed! Gold 8.00
Two and a Half Men 9.00 FILM:
American Pie: The Wedding (2003) The
friends reunite to celebrate Jim and
Michelle’s forthcoming trip to the altar –
but events quickly spiral out of control.
Comedy sequel with Jason Biggs and
Alyson Hannigan 11.00 Family Guy
11.55 American Dad! 12.55am
Celebrity Juice 1.40 Two and a Half
Men 2.25-5.55am Teleshopping
1.00 am SuperCasino 3.10 Britain’s Great
Cathedrals with Tony Robinson 4.00
Tattoo Disasters UK 4.25 Tattoo
Disasters UK 4.45 House Doctor
5.10 Wildlife SOS 5.35 - 6.00am
House Doctor
Summer Sun 5.50 Ugly House to Lovely
House with George Clarke 6.55 The
Secret Life of the Zoo 7.55 Grand Designs
9.00 My Floating Home 10.00 24 Hours
in A&E 11.05 Millionaires’ Mansions:
Designing Britain’s Most Exclusive Homes
12.10am 8 Out of 10 Cats Does
Countdown 1.10 Ramsay’s Kitchen
Nightmares USA 2.05 My Floating Home
3.10-3.50am 8 Out of 10 Cats Uncut
Noon American Pickers 1.00pm Top
Gear 3.00 Sin City Motors 4.00 Steve
Austin’s Broken Skull Challenge 5.00 Top
Gear 6.00 Room 101 6.40 Would I Lie to
You? 8.00 Scrappers – Back in the Yard
9.00 Would I Lie to You? 11.00 Live at
the Apollo 12.00 QI 1.20am Mock the
Week 2.00 QI 3.15 Parks and Recreation
3.40-4.00am The Indestructibles
Sky Sports Main Event
10.00am Live ATP Tennis. The Barcelona
Open. Coverage of the second day in the
clay-court tournament at the Real Club
de Tenis Barcelona3.00pm Live Indian
Premier League. Mumbai Indians v
Sunrisers Hyderabad 7.30 Live EFL Derby
County v Cardiff City (Kick-off 7.45pm)
10.15 The Debate 11.15 PL Greatest
Games 12.00 Sky Sports News 1.00am
Live WWE Late Night Smackdown
3.00-6.00am Sky Sports News
No variations
10.30 - 11.05pm Scotland
Tonight 11.15 Heroes and
Villains: Caught on Camera
12.15am Teleshopping 1.15
After Midnight 2.45 ITV
Nightscreen 4.05 The Jeremy
Kyle Show 5.00 - 6.00am
BBC One:
No variations
BBC Two:
11.15pm First Minister’s
Questions 12.05am Snooker:
The World Championship
12.55 - 2.05am Snooker:
World Championship Extra
ITV Wales:
6.00 - 6.30pm ITV News
Wales at Six 10.45 - 11.15pm
Give It a Year
ITV Regions
No variations, except:
ITV Channel:
12.10 - 3.00am ITV
FV Freeview FS Freesat (AD) Audio description (R) Repeat (S) Subtitles (SL) In-vision signing
FV 10 FS 115 SKY 119 VIRGIN 117
am Agatha Christie’s Marple
pm The Royal
Classic Coronation Street
Classic Coronation Street
On the Buses
On the Buses
You’re Only Young Twice
George and Mildred
Murder, She Wrote
Midsomer Murders
Last Laugh in Vegas:
The Street
am The Street
ITV3 Nightscreen
- 6.00am Teleshopping
Sons of the Desert (1934, b/w)
 This Laurel and Hardy comedy is a
joyous romp. Stan Laurel and Oliver
Hardy scheme to outwit their wives
and secretly attend a fraternal lodge
meeting in Chicago. Based on a story
by Frank Craven, an American actor,
playwright, and screenwriter, best
known for originating the role of
the Stage Manager in Thornton
Wilder’s Our Town, it holds together
well and is full of sparkling jokes.
American Gangster (2007)
ITV4, 11.30PM ★★★★
Freeview, satellite and cable
FV 9 FS 107 SKY 116 VIRGIN 107
 Terence Fisher teamed up with
Hammer Films for this child-friendly
spin-off from The Adventures of Robin
Hood TV series, with Richard Greene,
who reprises his role here. Peter
Cushing stars as the dastardly Sheriff
of Nottingham who is out to murder
the Archbishop of Canterbury. It’s a
cheap and cheerful affair that remains
true to the spirit of the original.
10.00 When TV Goes Horribly Wrong
A compilation of television mishaps
(R) (S)
6.00am Cyw 12.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd
12.05pm Y Ty Cymreig 12.30 Cwymp yr
Ymerodraethau 1.30 Only Men Aloud 2.00 Newyddion
S4C a’r Tywydd 2.05 Prynhawn Da 3.00 Newyddion S4C
a’r Tywydd 3.05 John ac Alun 3.30 Gwyllt ar Grwydr
4.00 Awr Fawr 5.00 Stwnsh 6.00 Newyddion S4C a’r
Tywydd 6.05 04 Wal 6.30 Rownd a Rownd 7.00 Heno
7.30 Pobol y Cwm 8.00 Ffit Cymru 9.00 Newyddion 9
a’r Tywydd 9.30 Y Ditectif 10.30 Wil ac Aeron: Taith
Rwmania 11.00 - 11.35pm Pobol y Rhondda
FILM4, 5.15PM ★★★
8.00 Holby City Dominic is confronted by
a ghost from the past (AD) (S)
11.15 Snooker: The World Championship
12.05am Snooker: World
Championship Extra 2.05 Sign
Zone: MasterChef 3.05 Sign Zone:
Secret Agent Selection: WW2
4.05 - 6.00am This Is BBC Two
Sword of Sherwood Forest (1960)
Ben Nevis: The Venomous Mountain
7.00 Channel 4 News (S)
7.00 Emmerdale (AD) (S)
Film choice
Main channels
Sky One
SKY 106 VIRGIN 110
am The Avengers
pm Ironside
Quincy ME
The Saint
The Avengers
Cash Cowboys
Pawn Stars
World Superbike Highlights
FILM: Lethal Weapon 4
(1998) Action adventure
starring Mel Gibson and
Danny Glover
11.30 pm FILM: American
Gangster (2007) Drama
starring Denzel Washington
See Film choice
2.35 am The Protectors
3.00 - 6.00am Teleshopping
Sky Sports Premier
8.30 Pawn Stars 9.00 Amelia Earhart:
The Lost Evidence 11.00 The Lowe Files
12.00 The Curse of Oak Island 2.00am
Storage Wars 2.30 Pawn Stars 3.004.00am Ancient Aliens
11.00am MNF 3.00pm Premier League
Highlights 4.30 Premier League 100
Club 5.30 Premier League Highlights
7.30 Gillette Soccer Special 10.00 PL
Greatest Games 10.15 The Debate
11.15 PL Greatest Games 12.00 PL Best
Goals 00/01 1.00am The Debate 2.00
PL Review 3.00-4.00am The Debate
BT Sport 1
10.30am Live WTA Tennis. Day two of
the Porsche Tennis Grand Prix in
Stuttgart 4.30pm BT Sport Goals Reload
5.00 The Emirates FA Cup Highlights
5.30 Live WTA Tennis. Day two of the
Porsche Tennis Grand Prix in Stuttgart
9.30 UFC: Beyond the Octagon 10.00
AFL 12.00 30 for 30 1.00am Live NBA.
Action from the NBA playoffs, a best-ofseven elimination tournament among the
season’s 16 best teams. The two winners
(one from each conference) will go on to
contest the finals 3.30 BT Sport Goals
Reload 3.45-5.45am AFL
Noon Ultimate Vehicles 1.00pm Pawn
Stars 2.00 American Pickers 3.00
Counting Cars 4.00 Storage Wars 5.30
Pawn Stars 6.00 Forged in Fire 7.00
American Pickers 8.00 Storage Wars
NCIS: Los Angeles
pm Hawaii Five-0
NCIS: Los Angeles
Stargate SG-1
The Simpsons
The Simpsons
The Flash
The Blacklist
The Late Late Show with
James Corden: Best of the
The Force: North-East
Brit Cops: Frontline Crime
am Ross Kemp: Extreme
- 4.00am Duck Quacks
Don’t Echo
Sky Arts
Noon The Seventies 1.00pm
Discovering: Ginger Rogers 2.00
Watercolour Challenge 2.30 The
Adventurers of Modern Art 3.30 Tales
of the Unexpected 4.00 Trailblazers:
Conscience Songs 5.00 The Seventies
6.00 Discovering: Ava Gardner 7.00 The
Music Videos That Shaped the ‘80s 8.00
Portrait Artist of the Year 2017 9.00
Tate Britain’s Great Art Walks See
What to watch 10.00 The Nineties
11.00 Urban Myths: Backstage at Live
Aid 11.30 Discovering: Montgomery Clift
12.30am Tate Britain’s Great Art Walks
1.30 Monty Python: Almost the Truth
2.45 Psychob*****s 3.15-4.30am Pink
Floyd – Live at Pompeii
Sky Cinema Premiere
24 hours, including at:
4.10pm American Wrestler: The Wizard
(2016) Drama starring George Kosturos
6.20 The Dark Tower (2017) Fantasy
adventure starring Idris Elba 8.00 Rough
Night (2017) Things go wrong for a
group of girlfriends who hire a male
stripper for a hen party in Miami.
Sky Atlantic
SKY 108
FV 15 FS 300 SKY 315 VIRGIN 428
pm Without a Trace
Blue Bloods
The West Wing
CSI: Crime Scene
Blue Bloods
Here and Now
The Circus: Inside the
Wildest Political Show on
am West:Word
Real Time with Bill Maher
Tin Star
- 4.20am High Maintenance
Comedy starring Scarlett Johansson,
Kate McKinnon and Zoe Kravitz 9.45
Broken Vows (2016) Premiere. Thriller
starring Wes Bentley 11.20 American
Wrestler: The Wizard (2016) Drama
starring George Kosturos 1.30am Gifted
(2017) Drama starring Chris Evans 3.305.30am Sky (2015) Drama starring
Diane Kruger and Norman Reedus
PBS America
11.55am Spitfire Women 1.10pm The
Aviators 2.15 Volcano Above the Clouds
3.20 Spitfire: The Birth of a Legend 4.25
Spitfire Women 5.40 The Aviators 6.40
Volcano Above the Clouds 7.50 The
Aviators 9.00 The Ship Sinkers 10.00
The Sinking of the Royal Oak 11.00 The
Aviators 12.20am The Ship Sinkers 1.30
Walks Around Britain 2.00-6.00am
24 hours, including at:
5.00pm Sherlock Holmes and the Secret
Weapon (1942, b/w) Mystery thriller
starring Basil Rathbone 6.20 Sherlock
Holmes and the Spider Woman (1944,
b/w) Mystery starring Basil Rathbone
7.40 Pursuit to Algiers (1945, b/w)
Sherlock Holmes mystery starring Basil
Rathbone 9.00 Kelly’s Heroes (1970)
American soldiers go behind enemy lines
in a bid to get their hands on a fortune in
11.00 am The Sound of Fury
(1950, b/w) Drama
12.50 pm Voyage to the Bottom
of the Sea (1961) Sci-fi
starring Walter Pidgeon
3.00 Strategic Air Command
(1955) Drama starring
James Stewart
5.15 Sword of Sherwood Forest
(1960) Robin Hood
adventure See Film choice
6.55 Enemy Mine (1985) Sci-fi
starring Dennis Quaid
9.00 X-Men: Days of Future Past
(2014) Adventure starring
Hugh Jackman
11.35 Hyena (2014) Crime thriller
1.50 - 4.00am Waste Land
(2010) Documentary
Nazi gold. Second World War adventure
with Clint Eastwood, Telly Savalas and
Donald Sutherland 11.55 Exit Wounds
(2001) Thriller starring Steven Seagal
2.00-4.00am Conspiracy Theory with
Jesse Ventura
11.20am You Rang, M’Lord? 12.20pm
The Green Green Grass 1.00 As Time
Goes By 1.40 Waiting for God 2.20 Only
Fools and Horses 3.00 Last of the
Summer Wine 5.00 As Time Goes By
5.35 The Green Green Grass 6.20 Dad’s
Army 7.00 You Rang, M’Lord? 8.00 Dad’s
Army 8.40 Only Fools and Horses 9.20
Mrs Brown’s Boys 10.00 Bridget &
Eamon 10.40 Come Fly with Me 12.00
Live at the Apollo 1.00am Come Fly with
Me 1.40 Vic Reeves Big Night Out 2.10
Bridget & Eamon 2.40 Live at the Apollo
3.30-4.00am Come Fly with Me
Vintage TV
11.00am Turn It Up Tuesday 1.00pm
My Mixtape 2.00 The Nineties, Naturally
5.00 Tune In… To 1976 6.00 Tune In…
To 1973 6.30 Tune In… To 1968 7.00
Tune In… To 1977 8.00 Elton John
Special 9.00 Me, My Songs & I 10.00
Focus On Coventry 10.30 Neil
McCormick’s Needle Time 11.30 Sixties
Sirens 12.30am The Night Shift 3.006.00am Neil McCormick’s Needle Time
 Denzel Washington is imperious as
the Seventies Harlem drug kingpin
Frank Lucas in Ridley Scott’s cocksure
crime thriller. Charting Lucas’s
domination of the heroin market
during the Vietnam War and his
investigation by honest New Jersey
cop Richie Roberts (an excellent
Russell Crowe), the film features an
enthralling final face-off. Cuba
Gooding Jnr provides ample support.
Tuesday 24 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Weather and crosswords
Nature notes
Cranes hatch at
wetland reserve
Two crane chicks have hatched for the
first time in Norfolk. The scarce birds
arrived at the Wildfowl and Wetlands
Trust’s (WWT) Welney Centre last
month, to the delight of staff and
Measuring 6in tall when they hatch,
crane chicks are quickly able to walk,
swim and run.
Both parents take an active role in
the incubation process, sharing the
responsibility of brooding the eggs –
swapping over every couple of hours
to protect and keep their young warm.
Over the next 10 weeks, both birds
will protect the chicks from predators
and teach them how to find food.
The site the birds have chosen to
nest on was developed for wet springs,
such as the one we have experienced
this year. This breeding success adds
to an impressive list of species on the
WWT site, including the black-winged
stilt and black-tailed godwit.
Samantha Herbert
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