Tuesday 24 April 2018 FINAL telegraph.co.uk No 50,675 £ 1.80 Then there were three Souvenir eight-page supplement to celebrate the birth of the royal baby B R I TA I N ’ S B E S T - S E L L I N G Q U A L I T Y D A I LY Welcome to the family: a new prince for the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge JOHN STILLWELL/PA Reports, pages 2-5 ISSN-0307-1235 9 *ujöeöu#yxc,xb* ÊÁË× Hannah Furness Pages 2-3 Kate Williams Page 4 Judith Woods Supplement ** 2 Tuesday 24 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph SAMIR HUSSEIN/WIREIMAGE; BEN STANSALL/AFP/GETTY IMAGES The new prince With the smallest of snuffles, Baby Cambridge says hello to the world Hannah Furness sees well-wishers cheer and social media go crazy for the sleeping St George’s Day prince T he Duke of Cambridge was bursting with pride, the Duchess clearly besotted. And the third Cambridge baby? Fast asleep, but seemingly secure of his new place in the world. The newborn prince signalled his arrival with three tiny fingers as he made his public debut in the arms of his mother. And while his newborn son was oblivious to the excitement he had caused, the Duke embarked on his new life with three children with no illusions, holding up three fingers and joking his enlarged brood would give him “thrice the worry now”. The baby prince, a younger brother to Prince George and Princess Charlotte, was born at 11.01am yesterday, weighing 8lb 7oz. The newborn, whose name had last night not yet been announced, was lulled to sleep in his mother’s arms as she cooed “Hello” and wrapped him up closely against the cold wind. The Duke and Duchess, rarely anything less than poised, appeared old hands at parenting, walking down the steps of the Lindo Wing a mere seven hours after their son was born, to greet well-wishers. Prince George and Princess Charlotte, the stars of the show as they marched up to the hospital for a visit, were “very happy” to meet their little brother, the Duke said, proclaiming the young family “delighted”. As a nervous George held his father’s hand, Charlotte walked proudly along the street outside the hospital, waving to the cameras and turning at the last second as she climbed the stairs to the door to unwittingly ensure they caught her beaming smile. The Duchess, wearing a red Jenny Packham dress much like the one worn by Diana, Princess of Wales as she left hospital with a baby Prince Harry, carried history in her arms: the first royal baby boy not to leapfrog his elder sister in the line of succession. Not that the new prince was aware of any of it, emitting the smallest of snuffles as he was paraded before the watching world, strapped gently into a car seat and taken home. The public would learn the baby’s name soon, the Duke told the waiting media, joking: “We didn’t keep you waiting too long this time.” And they hadn’t. While the build-up to her first baby had been nicknamed the Great Kate Wait, there was no such moniker the third time around, with the Duchess going into labour with remarkable timing – the birth missed the key week of Commonwealth meetings so important to the Royal family, allowed the Queen to celebrate her 92nd birthday and took place in time for the royal parents to celebrate their own wedding anniversary on April 29. The prince’s birthday had an extra national significance, falling on St George’s Day. Around 6am, in the early stages of labour, the Duchess had arrived unnoticed by the public at St Mary’s Hospital, Paddington, with her husband to support her. At 8.24am, Kensington Palace announced that a baby was on its way, before at 1pm the official confirmation of the arrival of the new prince, the fifth in line to the throne. He was the heaviest baby born to a senior member of the Royal family in recent history, surpassing Prince George at 8lb 6oz, Prince William at 7lb 1.5oz in 1982, and Prince Charles at 7lb 6oz in 1948. In an official statement, the Palace proclaimed: “Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Cambridge was safely delivered of a son at 11:01 hours. “The Queen, the Duke of Edinburgh, the Prince of Wales, the Duchess of Cornwall, Prince Harry and members of both families have been informed and are delighted with the news.” Mother and son, it added, were “both doing well”. As news filtered into inboxes, over Twitter and through excited word of mouth, the narrow pavements around the Lindo Wing thronged with excited bystanders. The die-hard royalists, some of whom had been camping outside the hospital for two weeks, popped champagne corks and struck up with shouts of “three cheers”. The Union flags were held aloft, a doll dressed in blue for a boy was brandished in triumph, and a fancydress town crier jostled to the front to read his self-proclaimed “official” announcement. If the Duchess cared to open her window, she could have been serenaded with a rousing rendition of God Save The Queen or, as the day unfolded, a lone republican protester with a megaphone. Among the crowds was John Loughrey, 63, who claimed he had been waiting outside for more than two weeks to be first in line to catch a glimpse of the new arrival. “We’ve been here for 15 days and I’m ready to go home but it’s been absolutely worth it,” he said. “It’s such an honour to be here and I’m so excited.” During the two-week wait, Mr Loughrey and his fellow fans were provided with showers and porridge from the hospital, and also used their new spare time to run errands for patients. With social media in overdrive, the Palace reverted to tradition: placing a bulletin with news of the birth on an easel displayed outside Buckingham Palace at 2.30pm. Carried by footman Heather McDonald and senior footman Olivia Smith, the framed notice continued a custom that has gone on for at least as long as the palace has been the Sovereign’s official residence – since ** The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 24 April 2018 3 Welcome to the world The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge on the steps of the Lindo Wing of St Mary’s Hospital after the birth of their third child. The prince, sound asleep in his mother’s arms, is now the fifth in line to the throne, pushing back Prince Harry but the first in history to not leapfrog his elder sister. The prince was born at 11.01am and weighed 8lb 7oz. 1837. A large Union flag was raised over the Palace and a Royal Standard flown over Windsor Castle. Congratulatory messages and warm wishes flooded in from around the world, with the news announced in the House of Commons. Theresa May, the Prime Minister, sent her “warmest congratulations to the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge on the birth of their baby boy”, adding: “I wish them great happiness for the future.” Justin Welby, the Archbishop of Canterbury, said: “Congratulations to the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge on the safe delivery of their baby, a brother for Prince George and Princess Charlotte. May God bless them and all of their children with love, happiness and health.” Jeremy Corbyn, the Labour leader, said: “Congratulations to Kate and William on the birth of their baby boy. I wish them all the very best.” Only two opinions really mattered, though: Prince George, who was at school when his brother was born, and Princess Charlotte, who had spent the morning at nursery. Mid-afternoon, the Duke emerged from the doors of the Lindo Wing, assuring well-wishers he would be back soon, after telling the two elder children about their new sibling. As good as his word, he was soon seen driving back down the road with two familiar faces in the back seat. Prince George, much taller than the last time he was photographed in his school uniform, seemed shy, staring at the floor and readjusting his shorts as he held his father’s hand. The Princess, who will turn three on May 2, was in her element, waving cheerfully as she strode down the street. ‘The Queen… and members of both families have been informed and are delighted with the news’ After spending time inside, meeting their brother and no doubt receiving encouraging cuddles from their mother, the children were taken home to Kensington Palace to prepare for the baby’s homecoming. At 6pm, the Duke and Duchess emerged in person. Wrapped in a shawl from GH Hurt and Son Ltd, the company which provided similar wraps for George, Charlotte and the infant Prince William himself, the unnamed newborn made his first public appearance. The Duke and Duchess, by now old hands at the Lindo Wing photoshoot, beamed at one another in the spring chill, waving to the crowd across the street and delighting the hospital patients and nurses hanging out of the building’s windows to catch a glimpse of their departure. The Duchess stroked the baby’s cheek, patting him every now and again to soothe him through the extraordinary moment. After ensuring everyone had time to see them, the trio turned to go back inside, strapping the baby into a car seat ready for the journey home. Unlike the arrival of Prince George, when the Duke caused amusement with his fumbling to fix the baby seat in the car, this departure went flawlessly, and the new father-of-three stopped for a moment to answer questions from the media before driving his wife and son home. Michelle Obama last night shared a photo of her and husband Barack meeting Prince George, in which the ‘Their Royal Highnesses would like to thank all staff at the hospital for the care and treatment they received’ Place your bets The favourites and odds for the baby’s name Arthur Philip Frederick Charles James Other names A middle name of the Prince of Wales, the Duke of Cambridge, and George VI, the Queen’s father. Harks back to King Arthur, the mythical leader of the knights of the Round Table. A lasting tribute to the Duke of Edinburgh might see a Prince Philip of Cambridge. Both Prince Charles and Prince William have Philip as a middle name. Prince Adolphus Frederick, the first Duke of Cambridge, lived from 1774 to 1850 and was a son of George III. He was apparently very fond of interrupting church services by bellowing out “By all means” if the priest said “Let us pray”. Prince William may want to pay tribute to his father – but perhaps as a middle name, as it may be considered too similar to Charlotte. James could be chosen to signify the Duchess’s affection for her brother, James Middleton. William has a cousin James, Viscount Severn. Looks back to two kings, and five earlier kings of Scotland The couple could choose William, but also perhaps Michael, out of respect for the Duchess’s father. Her grandfathers were called Peter and Ronald. Thomas also appears several times in the Duchess’s family tree as does Francis. 2/1 5/1 16/1 25/1 4/1 youngster was wearing a dressing gown. She wrote on Twitter: “Barack and I are thrilled to congratulate the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge on their newest arrival! We hope to meet him soon for a Kensington Palace pajama [sic] party. I’ll wear my robe!” The new baby’s name will be announced in the coming days, with Arthur, Philip, James, Frederick and Albert the frontrunners, according to the bookmakers. Naturally, the Duchess will now largely disappear from public duties to take maternity leave until the autumn, with royal sources confirming the Duke, too, will be focusing on his young family in the coming weeks. Prince George will remain at school and Princess Charlotte will continue at her Kensington nursery, with the children’s nanny, Maria Borrallo, on hand to help the Duchess with her growing brood. There are no plans to employ additional staff at present. While settling in to life with a newborn is a challenge for even the most composed of mothers, the Duchess has an additional hurdle on her hands. On May 19, in less than a month, she is expected to re-emerge in front of the world’s cameras at the wedding of her brother-in-law Prince Harry and Meghan Markle. The young Prince and Princess are expected to take centre stage in the wedding party, with their baby brother potentially joining in the celebrations in the arms of his mother. For now, though, the Duchess’s duties will consist only of settling into life as a family of five. The baby, who will be known as His Royal Highness Prince [Name] of Cambridge, shares a birthday with William Shakespeare, and also, in the extended Royal family, Lady Gabriella Windsor, the daughter of Prince and Princess Michael of Kent. The new prince is the Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh’s sixth great-grandchild. Kensington Palace said: “Their Royal Highnesses would like to thank all staff at the hospital for the care and treatment they received. They would also like to thank everyone for their warm wishes.” The senior medical team that looked after the Duchess during her labour were named by Kensington Palace, with Guy Thorpe-Beeston, surgeon gynaecologist to the Royal household, and consultant gynaecologist Alan Farthing, surgeon gynaecologist to the Queen, joined by two familiar colleagues. Dr Sunit Godambe, a consultant neonatologist at Imperial College NHS Trust, which runs St Mary’sl, was part of the group that cared for the Duchess during her previous two births alongside Mr Farthing and Mr Thorpe-Beeston. Prof Huw Thomas, physician to the Queen and head of the medical household, completed the team. He was also involved with the birth of Princess Charlotte. As the Cambridge family settle in at home, they are expected to receive visitors including the Middleton family, the Prince of Wales and Duchess of Cornwall, and their Kensington Palace neighbours Prince Harry and Ms Markle. The Queen, who is at Windsor Castle, is being kept informed of her great-grandson’s progress. Editorial Comment: Page 19 4 ** Tuesday 24 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph The new prince Baby prince’s first achievement is to The third little Cambridge is first child to be born since Act that secured girls’ place in line of succession By Robert Mendick CHIEF REPORTER THE DUKE and Duchess of Cambridge’s third child won’t know it yet but he made history yesterday by becoming the first prince not to leapfrog an older sister in the direct line of succession. The baby boy is fifth in line to the throne, one place below his big sister, Princess Charlotte, in the royal pecking order. A change in the law in 2013 brought to an end hundreds of years of sex discrimination within the Royal family, overhauling the rule that, until then, meant male siblings took precedence over females. The Succession to the Crown Act 2013 replaced male primogeniture with “absolute” primogeniture, abolishing the precedence given to male royals. The new baby is the first prince to be born into the Royal family since the constitutional change. As a consequence, Princess Charlotte, now aged two, remains fourth in line to ascend to the throne. The law ‘It was absolutely the right thing to do to modernise the monarchy’ was in place when the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge’s first child was born in July 2013 – but the arrival of a firstborn son, Prince George, meant that it did not have an immediate impact. Vernon Bogdanor, professor of government at King’s College London, and author of The Monarchy and The Constitution, said history had none the less been made with the birth of the baby prince. “This is the first time the change in the law has taken affect,” he said. “In the days of gender equality, it was felt that you could not have a boy succeeding over a girl. It was absolutely the right thing to do to modernise the mon- archy. It would have been perverse to continue with gender discrimination.” Penny Junor, a royal biographer and commentator, said: “It is absolutely fantastic that Princess Charlotte is not being overtaken in the line of succession. It is absolutely right that an outdated law on male primogeniture is over. This has brought the royals kicking and screaming into the 21st century, and makes them interesting again. They need to stay interesting to stay relevant.” Ms Junor, whose latest biography is the “untold story” of the Duchess of Cornwall, said it was unclear whether the Royal family had supported the law ‘This has brought the royals kicking and screaming into the 21st century, and makes them interesting again’ change that benefits Princess Charlotte. “I would certainly think Princess Anne backed it.” The Princess Royal, now 13th in line, would, under the 2013 Act, have leapfrogged her younger brothers. Her children and grandchildren would also have benefited. However, the law did not change anything for older generations, so the Queen’s second child will remain behind her siblings, the Duke of York and the Earl of Wessex. Of other younger members of the Royal family, James, Viscount Severn, the younger child of the Earl and Countess of Wessex, entered the line of succession ahead of his sister, Lady Louise AFP/GETTY; PA; REUTERS; EDDIE MULHOLLAND FOR THE TELEGRAPH Dressing for the occasion The Duchess of Cambridge’s red shift dress with a white lace Peter Pan collar was by Jenny Packham, one of the Duchess’s favourites. Her choice mirrored the style legacy of the late Diana, Princess of Wales, pictured above in a Jan Van Velden coat and dress leaving the Lindo Wing with a baby Prince Harry in 1984. It’s not hard to imagine that the third Cambridge might surprise us all History of the royal third By Kate Williams Everybody knows the phrase “an heir and a spare” – but what about the “royal third”? Set to be fifth in the line of succession, the third child of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge is very unlikely to ever come to the throne – and when George and Charlotte themselves have children, he will be pushed even further down the tree. So what does history tell us about the role of the royal third? And what might the new prince be able to learn from those who have been before him? Traditionally, the third has tended to be the charm. Among the third children in our nation’s past are Henry VIII, Edward VI, James II and William IV. Back then, life expectancy not being what it is today, the third had a better chance of inheriting. Indeed, three was deemed a riskily small royal family. Thus Queen Charlotte, wife of George III, gave birth to 15 children. Queen Victoria had nine, and might have given birth to more had Prince Albert not died. Charles I and Henrietta Maria also produced nine. Added to this were various illegitimate offspring – Charles II had so many that taxpayers complained at having to support them. The golden era of the royal third was the Tudor period. Henry VIII was a solid number three: not cherished by his parents and some distance from the throne. But this stood him in good stead when – after er his elder brother Arthur died – he leapfrogged his middle sister Margaret, according to the laws of primogeniture, and ascended to the throne. While his brother ther had been schooled in n the art of government, the child Henry had been sent to Eltham Palace, outside London. It meant nt that, by the time he became ecame monarch, however, ver, he knew how to fight ht for Prince Andrew, seated next to the e Duke of Edinburgh, h, was the last ‘royal third’ what he wanted, took nothing for granted and was constantly on guard. He set about breaking from Rome and taking wives – including Catherine of Aragon, Arthur’s widow. But it was William IV, the third son of George III, who was perhaps the most influential royal third in British history; widely credited with paving the way for the modern British monarchy as we know it today. With little pressure to prepare for the throne, William joined the Royal Navy and served in the American War of Independence. Charming and affable, with no need to produce an heir, he was known for his partying and vocal interest in politics. But, in 1830, aged 64 – having outlived his two older brothers George IV and Prince Frederick, Duke of York – he became king; the oldest come to the throne (so far). monarch to c He provided provid another lesson for aspirational a irational royal number threes: asp stay alive the longest and you might reap the rewards. This is not just a rewa numbers gam game, though. The royal number three has, traditionally, had to find a way of making him or herself individual, even eccentric, to stand i ividual, e ind out. Take Queen Victoria’s third child, c ld Princess Alice. She took chi a keen ke interest in medical issues issu and alarmed her mother with her fascination mo with wit gynaecology – the Queen told her younger Q Qu daughter, Princess Louise da to be “very silent and cautious about your ca interior” aaround her sister. She eventually married Prince Louis of ma Hesse and is the Duke of Edinburgh’s great-grandmother. And so to the most recent royal third, Prince Andrew. His mother, the Queen, has always been devoted to him but, as his older brothers have neither caught tuberculosis, been killed in battle nor imprisoned in the Tower, he has only the tiniest likelihood of ever coming to the throne. This has made life less “In the office sweepstake on the royal baby name I got ‘Vladimir’ ” pressured growing up. Today, a royal third can more easily hide behind their siblings. Yet, following Andrew’s birth in 1960, it had seemed like the days of the royal third might be over. Since then, all the other royals have had just two children apiece – the Cambridges are the first to have three for 59 years. The Duchess herself is, of course, the eldest of three and we know how close she is to her sister and brother. They are her support system, and no doubt she hopes for the same dynamic among her own children. A friend once told me that she wouldn’t consider having a third because, “with three, there’s always an odd one out; a bit of a funny one.” Has that been true for the royals? Undeniably, there have been all sorts of odd ones out over the centuries, but for many more reasons than birth order. In fact, more often than not, number three has tended to end up on top. And, as a royal third in a very modern monarchy, it’s not hard to imagine that the new little prince might just do something very surprising indeed. uKate Williams’s new series, The Stuarts: A Bloody Reign, starts on Yesterday on April 26. ** The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 24 April 2018 5 make history for royal gender equality Down the pecking order But Prince Andrew can now remarry without asking for Queen’s permission One of the consequences of yesterday’s birth is that the Duke of York – should he desire to do so – can now marry for a second time without having to ask for permission from the Queen. Prince Andrew slips down to seventh in the line of succession to the throne and in so doing does not need his mother’s permission to marry. The same 2013 legislation that ended the right of younger males to succeed over older female siblings also brought to an end the need for all descendants to seek the monarch’s permission if they have plans to marry. According to the Succession to the Crown Act 2013, only the first six people in line to the throne require the Queen’s consent. The Duke lives at the Royal Lodge at Windsor under the same roof as his former wife Sarah, Duchess of York. They remain close, although friends dismissed the idea that the couple could marry for a second time, pointing out that the Queen is on friendly terms with the Duchess of York and would never have stood in their way had they expressed a wish to re-marry. The previous law, which was enshrined in the Royal Marriages Act of 1772, stated that anyone in the royal succession was required to gain the consent of the monarch before getting married. The Act stated that “a descendant of King George II may marry only with the consent of the sovereign”. Windsor, when he was born in 2007. With yesterday’s birth, 10-year-old Viscount Severn dropped down to 11th in line, while his sister, four years his senior, is now 12th. Prince Harry will be pushed down to sixth, and next comes the Duke of York, who was second in line when he was born, although he is highly unlikely to ever ascend the throne given the number of people ahead of him and their ages. The Succession to the Crown Act, which replaced the Act of Settlement dating back to 1701, was passed by parliament in 2013 but all countries of which the Queen is head of state needed to pass legislation before it ‘In the days of gender equality, it was felt that you could not have a boy succeeding over a girl’ took effect. In more than 300 years, only twice has a younger male succeeded to the throne ahead of an older sister – George III became king ahead of his sister, Princess Augusta, in 1760 on the death of George II, while Edward VII succeeded to the throne on the death of Queen Victoria, ahead of his sister, Princess Victoria. The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge’s third arrived less than four weeks before the wedding of Prince Harry and Meghan Markle on May 19 at St George’s Chapel in Windsor Castle. The ceremony will be followed by a procession through Windsor and a reception in the castle apartments. In an echo of his ‘two babies’ gesture after the birth of Princess Charlotte, the Duke holds up three fingers as George and Charlotte visit, the official notice is displayed at the Palace and the crew of HMS Albion spell out the word ‘Boy!’ on board A lifestyle bombshell: confessions Why youngest children are the from an outnumbered dad rule-breakers in a family of five Three changes everything WHEN I told my mother that my wife and I were expecting baby No 3, her tone was a mix of dazzlement and fear: “Three children under five!” Until that point, I hadn’t actually considered this prospect, having paid more attention to buying new stereo speakers. After the initial lifestyle bombshell, raising one child felt manageable; even when No 2 arrived, I was able to retain something of my old life. But, as the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge will soon see, the birth of a third changes everything. No more reading. No nights out with the lads. I was now on holding, carrying, soothing or playing duty every waking moment. I would change nappies, peel off sodden Babygrows and then squeak in a few hours rest before 6am, when the two-year-old would rouse the fouryear-old. I would herd them downstairs to play and squabble, while my wife slept or fed the youngest. This ANDREW CROWLEY By Phil Robinson Having a ball with the kids: Phil Robinson plays cricket with the youngsters was a new dimension of exhaustion, heightened by their crashing into every sharp corner, or dialling 999. The struggle to keep everyone alive was a far cry from the curated life we had designed for our first child. He ate no sweets or chocolate until he was two, attended baby massage, and screen time was limited to two Bob the Builder episodes per day. Our second had seen a slight drop off in standards – yes, more sugar – but No 3 might as well have been raised by wolves. Looking back, though, I wish I had realised our situation – difficult, demanding, wonderful, privileged – was fleeting. Then, I didn’t find fatherhood fun; I only really got into my stride when they were older. For me, the fathers befriended at school and cricket clubs, with whom I share successes and failures, have been invaluable. A man also finds out what kind of father he has been programmed to be. I discovered that a family is best run like a team, not a police state, and that if you want to be heard, speak softly. It is important not to think of the kids as an amorphous group, but as three individuals who all need a relationship with you. My children are now 11, 13, and 16, and when everyone’s getting along, there is no one on the planet I would rather hang out with. We go on road trips, visits to nuclear bunkers and castles, walks in forests. Now that it’s fast disappearing, I finally understand the value of enjoying their childhood with them. The power of birth order By Linda Blair THE arrival of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge’s third child is delightful news – and three children means a much richer and more complex set of interactions in a family. Many factors work to create a unique individual, but birth order is still one of the most powerful factors that shapes character – and could be the most powerful influence of all in determining social behaviour throughout a lifetime. In 2013, Daniel Eckstein and his colleagues at Sam Houston State University looked at more than 200 studies into birth order characteristics and created a list of the most frequently cited qualities for each birth order position. Firstborns The eldest is the only child in a family who starts life enjoying the exclusive attention of their parents. As a result, they often develop good linguistic and social skills and we see these in Prince George already. The downside is that firstborns can pick up on any anxiety new parents may feel and, when the next sibling comes along, they feel the loss more keenly. This leaves them with a strong thirst for approval from authority, and with that comes a powerful drive to succeed. One study found that firstborns were 30 per cent more likely to be in positions of leadership than any other birth order position. As the baby is a boy, Prince George is firstborn in ordinal position and as the elder son, so first born qualities are likely to be strong in him. Middle children Contrary to popular belief, middle children are not troubled outsiders, but often the least anxious child in the family. They grow up learning to avoid conflict and get on with a wide variety of individuals. A word of warning: because middle-borns value getting along with others, they can be easily led. They’re also the ones most likely to go through a phase of appearing outlandish in dress or make-up – possibly as a reaction to feeling “invisible”. Princess Charlotte has a most interesting and complex profile: not only is she now a middle child, but as the first and only girl she is also likely to show characteristics of a first born too – particularly caring aspects. Youngest of three To an outsider, this looks like the most privileged birth order position – the new royal baby is a lucky child. Parents of three have less time and inclination to enforce the rules, which allows the youngest child more freedom to take greater risks. Older members of the family are also often on hand to help, but this can mean the youngest grows up impatient and frustrated as they are surrounded by others more competent than they are. In all this, it’s important to remember there are nuancing factors that can subtly change a child’s profile and these will be beautifully illustrated in William and Kate’s family. uLinda Blair is a clinical psychologist and the author of Siblings: How to Handle Rivalry and Create Lifelong Loving Bonds. 6 Tuesday 24 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph *** News One-stop shop for online divorce ‘would end blame game’ COUPLES should be able to divorce online in a “one-stop shop”, the president of the Supreme Court has said as she argued that blame should be taken out of the process as it is “unjust” and “discriminatory”. Baroness Hale of Richmond said that the current system is misleading and added “needlessly to the anger, pain, grief and guilt” – therefore increasing the warring between couples and having an adverse effect on their children. After the decree nisi is granted, there then would be arrangements for property, finance and children that are long and drawn out and involve different applications with different paperwork ‘A separating party could file one form telling one story, asking for whichever relief they wanted’ before different judges. She used a speech in front of family lawyers to call for a “one-stop shop in family cases – where instead of having to navigate possibly five different processes a separating party could file one form telling one story and asking for whichever relief they wanted at the time – and preferably available online”. Several areas have already started trials of online divorce petitions in order to reduce workload on the courts, but Lady Hale’s suggestion would simplify the whole process. She also called for an end to a ‘fault’ system in divorce. Currently, if a couple want to divorce without waiting two years, then they must accuse their husband or wife of being at fault, often using adultery. Lady Hale said: “The contents of the petition can trigger or exacerbate family conflict entirely unnecessarily. Re- spondents are encouraged by their lawyers to ‘suck it up’ even though the allegations are unfair. “There is no evidence at all that having to give a reason for the breakdown makes people think twice. The decision to divorce is not taken lightly, but this is not because of need to give prove one of the five facts.” Lady Hale pointed out that in Scotland, where couples only have to wait a year before claiming that their marriage has irretrievably broken down, only 6 per cent of divorces cited adultery or behaviour compared with 56 per cent in England. Lady Hale, who has a background in family law, has long been a supporter of ‘no fault’ divorce and was behind a Law Commission report calling for a change in 1990. But for the first time since taking up her post, Lady Hale has set out in detail why she believes Parliament needs to change the law to ensure that families are supported. She argued that that the current system is “confusing and misleading” because having to use one of five reasons to explain why a couple have split means that the “fact used as the peg on which to hang the divorce petition may not bear any relationship to the real reason why the marriage broke down”. The system is “unjust” because it suggests one person is to blame and there is “little or nothing to stop the more blameworthy one relying on the conduct of the less blameworthy one”, she told the 30th conference of Resolution, which represents around 6,500 family law firms. It provokes “unnecessary hostility and bitterness”, she said, because it is arbitrary and does not allow the accused to put their side of the story and therefore “adds needlessly to the anger, pain, grief and guilt felt by many when their marriage breaks down, especially the one who was not expecting it”. Father of drowned boy is trolled on social media The father of a boy who drowned in a swimming pool said he had been attacked on social media with false claims that his son had been left unattended. Rocco Wright, three, died at the David Lloyd Club, Leeds, on Saturday. Police said they were treating it as a “tragic accident” and the club said it was investigating. Rocco’s father, Steven, said last night that a lifeguard had not “rescued” the boy and that it was he who pulled his son from the water. He added: “We’re not trying to place blame, we just want the facts reported.” More upset had been caused by social media trolls blaming them for what happened, he said. Exercise may increase risk of contracting MND Vigorous exercise may be linked to a heightened risk of developing motor neurone disease (MND). Researchers compared the lifestyles of 1,557 patients with the disease in Europe with 2,922 healthy people and found those with ALS were more likely to have done intensive exercise. The disease, also called amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS, impacts two in 100,000 people in Britain. But Nick Cole, of the MND Association, said: “Exercise offers protection against diseases, so it is not advisable to adopt a sedentary lifestyle to avoid a very small increased risk of MND.” New mate would be too dangerous for swan WALTER MCBRIDE/WIREIMAGE By Hayley Dixon NEWS BULLETIN Magic touch J K Rowling, the author, attends the Broadway opening performance of Harry Potter and the Cursed Child Parts One and Two at The Lyric Theatre in New York on Sunday. The play, which premiered in London in 2016, has won 22 British theatre awards. Williamson: Russia is a greater threat than insurgents By Verity Ryan RUSSIA poses a “far greater” threat to Britain than insurgents did in Iraq and Afghanistan, the Defence Secretary has said. In a fresh attack on the Russian regime, Gavin Williamson said that the security threat Britain faces has considerably “escalated” in the last three years, and acknowledged that returning to Cold War-levels of defence spending was “tempting”. He told the Commons yesterday: “We have to be realistic about the chal- lenges. The challenges that are posed by Russia are far greater than the challenges that were presented as an insurgency in terms of Iraq and Afghanistan, and how do we get the right mix of military equipment and capability to deal with that increased threat.” A source close to Defence Secretary said that he was referring to the insurgencies that followed Britain’s military engagement in the two countries after the September 11 terrorist attack in New York in 2001. The Government has blamed Russia for the use of Soviet-era nerve agent ‘Conspiracy theory’ Labour candidate faces deselection By Helena Horton A LABOUR parliamentary candidate who last year challenged the evidence for the murder of Jo Cox and the terror attacks at Westminster and Manchester is likely to be deselected, it has emerged. A staunch supporter of Jeremy Corbyn, Mandy Richards was selected to fight the marginal seat of Worcester, but then it emerged she had written on Twitter: “Glad someone asking right questions about #terror coverage. #JoCox incident conveniently bereft of evidence too.” With the message she posted a video by a conspiracy theorist suggesting the Westminster attack coverage had been edited and faked. She also questioned coverage of the Manchester Arena attack: “Can news agencies, police or anyone else for that matter explain why still no images/ footage of physical damage at #ManchesterArena?” Mike Foster, the former Labour MP for Worcester, posted on Twitter: “Will someone from @UKLabour please put a stop to this. Having “no comment” from u is difficult to defend on local radio to Labour members in Worcester and most importantly, to the voters in Worcester I had the privilege to serve.” Concerns were first raised after it emerged Ms Richards was under 14 extended civil restraint orders by the High Court. She is banned from bringing court actions without permission after claims against MI5, MI6, the Met Police, the Army, Thames Water, her gas, electricity and broadband suppliers, Royal Mail, Hackney council, her GP and the freeholder of her flat. John Woodcock MP said of her Jo Cox tweet: “We would be outraged if any other party picked a candidate who said this about the murder of our friend.” Ms Richards apologised on Facebook for “any upset” but added: “I can assure you the cases brought were all above board.” The Labour Party declined to comment any further. against Sergei Skripal, a former Russian spy, and his daughter, Yulia, in Salisbury, and also criticised the country for its support of the Syrian regime after its alleged use of chemical weapons. Yesterday Julian Lewis, Conservative chair of the defence select committee, pressed Mr Williamson for a commitment to greater levels of defence spending in response Russia’s activities. Mr Lewis said: “When the threat from Russia receded at the end of the Cold War we understandably cut our defence budget down to 3 per cent of GDP. Given events from Salisbury to Syria demonstrating that sadly this threat is now reappearing, should we not be seeking to get back to that sort of level of defence expenditure, and will he lay this pertinent fact in front of the Chancellor of the Exchequer?” Mr Williamson, who has previously clashed with the Chancellor over fears of sharp defence cuts, responded saying: “The Right Honourable gentleman does try to tempt me.” He added: “We have to be realistic about the fact that the threat picture is changing. We’ve seen it escalate quite considerably since 2010, even from 2015. “That is why we’re doing the modernising defence programme, in order to deliver the right type of capabilities for our armed forces to deal with that increasing threat that we face.” Last week the National Audit Office revealed that the Armed Forces is facing its biggest overall shortfall for a decade, with 8,200 fewer servicemen and women than it needs, warning that the gaps could affect the Government’s ability to engage in future missions. Body of missing stag party reveller found in river Commons bullying inquiry ‘will give MPs a clean slate’ By Simon Johnson By Harry Yorke Political corresPondent THE body of a missing Scottish man who vanished during his brother’s stag weekend in Hamburg two months ago was pulled from a river yesterday. Liam Colgan, 29, disappeared on Feb 10, triggering a series of searches in the German city and appeals on social media. His body was found in the Elbe. His brother Eamonn, a Dundee police officer, and Susan Dolan, his fiancée, postponed their wedding. CCTV images showed Liam had been in the port’s Baumwall area, near the Reeperbahn where the 18-strong stag group had been celebrating. The Lucie Blackman Trust, a charity supporting Mr Colgan’s family during the search, stated: “Formal identification is yet to be carried out, but Mr Colgan’s driving licence was in the pocket of the jacket and the clothes were those he was wearing when he disappeared. We ask that the family be given privacy to grieve at this difficult time.” AN INQUIRY into claims of bullying in Parliament will not consider claims made against individual MPs, it was confirmed last night, with campaigners warning that the probe will do little more than to provide the accused with a “clean slate”. The investigation into an allegedly toxic culture in Westminster will not take into account allegations made against John Bercow, the Speaker, or two other MPs who are accused of abusing former staff. Instead, the inquiry, chaired by Dame Laura Cox QC, the former High Court judge, will examine the atmosphere in the Commons without delving into the specific cases which led to it being launched. It comes two months after Mr Bercow was accused of bullying Kate Emms, his former secretary, who was signed off work sick and later transferred to another office. Mr Bercow cat- egorically denies the claims. Last night an insider told The Daily Telegraph that allies of Mr Bercow, who sit on the body which approved the inquiry, had refused to entertain any investigation which would look at the specific investigations against him or other MPs. The source, who spoke anonymously, added that there was “no way” that the organisers of the probe would have got it past the House of Commons Commission – chaired by Mr Bercow – which sets both the terms and scope of the inquiry. Amy Leversidge, the FDA union’s general secretary, said: “The failure to consider existing and past complaints by the inquiry will potentially result in a ‘clean slate’ for the perpetrators of bullying and harassment, rather than the promised closure for staff.” Dame Janet Gaymer, who sits on the commission, said the “calibre” of Dame Laura was evidence staff could be “confident” of being “treated appropriately and fairly at all times”. A widowed “celebrity swan” will not get a new mate, an animal charity has revealed. The bird, dubbed “Mr Swan” by locals in Perranporth, Cornwall, became well known in the tourist resort for holding up traffic. But the male bird’s mate was killed in a dog attack in May 2017. Locals have reported that the bird has been searching “forlornly” for a new mate, but Tanya Higgins, from Perranporth Gardens Charities, said: “We’ve taken specialist advice and introducing a new mate at this age/stage could be dangerous as one could attack the other.” Supermarkets’ gourmet ranges hurt restaurants A boom in gourmet supermarket food and drink is driving the decline in chain restaurants, say analysts. It came as outlets including Jamie’s Italian and Prezzo are shutting dozens of restaurants across the UK, claiming fewer people are dining out. This year Jamie’s Italian announced 12 restaurants were closing. Then Prezzo said it was closing 94 branches, blaming “pressures on our industry”. Howard Wright, strategy director at Equator, an own brand labeling firm, told the Grocer people increasingly saw premium supermarket fare “as an alternative to going out for a meal”. Back pain sufferer avoids jail over cannabis factory A man who grew 29 cannabis plants in his home has escaped a jail sentence after the judge accepted he suffered from bad back pain. Police discovered the factory growing in Shaun Waters’ home in Waterlooville, Hants, after his lodger let officers in for an unrelated matter. Waters, 50, admitted producing a class B drug for “back problems”. Sentencing Waters at Portsmouth Crown Court to an eight-month sentence suspended for two years and a two-month curfew, judge Robert Hill said: “If it were not for that [back pain] you’d be going to prison.” is a member of the Independent Press Standards Organisation (IPSO) and we subscribe to its Editors’ Code of Practice. If you have a complaint about editorial content, please visit www.telegraph. co.uk/editorialcomplaints or write to ‘Editorial Complaints’ at our postal address (see below). If you are not satisfied with our response, you may appeal to IPSO at www.ipso.co.uk. The Daily Telegraph, 111 Buckingham Palace Road, London, SW1W 0DT The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 24 April 2018 *** 7 8 Tuesday 24 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph ** News The customs union – in or out? Theresa May’s changing position January 17, 2017 May 18 In her Lancaster House speech Theresa May says: “I want Britain to be able to negotiate its own trade agreements. But I also want tariff-free trade with Europe and cross-border trade to be as frictionless as possible.” The Conservative Party Manifesto: “We will no longer be members of the single market or customs union… we will seek a special partnership including a comprehensive free trade and customs agreement.” August 15 Future customs arrangements: a future partnership paper sets out two options: “a highly streamlined customs arrangement between the UK and the EU” or “a new customs partnership with the EU”. September 22 March 2, 2018 April 22 In her Florence speech Theresa May says: “The United Kingdom is leaving the European Union. We will no longer be members of its single market or its customs union.” In her Mansion House speech Theresa May says: “The UK has been clear it is leaving the customs union… to determine its own tariffs with third countries – which would not be possible in a customs union.” An aide to Mrs May reportedly says her team “will not be crying in our beer” if Parliament forces her to stay in the customs union. A source says: “Policy is for Britain to leave the customs union.” May faces Cabinet split over EU customs deal Divisions between senior ministers could put PM’s job at risk when Commons votes on trade proposals By Steven Swinford and Jack Maidment THERESA MAY will face a Cabinet split over a customs deal with the EU when she meets senior ministers tomorrow ahead of a key Commons vote next month that could determine her future as leader. Eurosceptic Cabinet ministers including David Davis, Liam Fox, Boris Johnson and Michael Gove are expected to warn the Prime Minister that she must abandon plans for a customs partnership amid fears it could pave the way for a significant climbdown over Brexit. However, Philip Hammond, the Chancellor, and other leading pro-European Cabinet ministers will argue that it is “premature” to abandon any of the Government’s proposals for a customs deal with the EU when negotiations with Brussels have stalled. “We shouldn’t cut off our nose to spite our face,” a Whitehall source said. It came as Downing Street refused to rule out making a crunch vote on the customs union in Parliament next month an effective vote of confidence in the Prime Minister and her Government. Pro-European Tory MPs have put their names to an amendment that would force the Government to strike a divorce deal with the EU that enables the UK to stay in a customs union – something the Prime Minister has explicitly ruled out. Mrs May would face serious questions about whether she should remain in post if she lost such a vote, which could leave Britain unable to strike free trade deals after leaving the EU. Mr Johnson, the Foreign Secretary, yesterday declined to say whether he would quit if Parliament forced the Prime Minister to stay in the customs union. Ministers are expected to debate Britain’s options for a customs union at a meeting of the Cabinet’s Brexit sub-committee tomorrow. The Prime Minister set out two options last month for a deal with the EU. The first, a “customs partnership”, would see Britain collect duties for Brussels for goods arriving in the UK but intended for EU markets. Eurosceptics fear that this option is “unworkable” and will see Britain end up staying in the customs union, despite the Prime Minister’s pledge to leave it. They favour a second “highly ‘Coming out of the customs union means that we will be free to have those deals, deals that suit the UK’ streamlined” arrangement, which would use technology to minimise but not eliminate checks on imports. Whitehall sources have previously described the customs partnership option as “intellectually perfect”. Downing Street yesterday insisted that both options are being pursued. The Prime Minister yesterday said that the UK must leave the customs union after Brexit in order to strike trade deals Choices The options for Britain outside the customs union Option 1 A highly streamlined customs arrangement between Britain and the European Union would use a combination of technology and goodwill to limit the impact of checks on trade. The movement of goods across borders would be as simple as possible, with no entry or exit declarations for goods moving between the UK and the EU. Goods moving between the UK and the rest of the world would be able to travel through the EU without paying EU duties and vice versa. “Trusted trader” schemes in the UK and EU, together with “the most advanced IT solutions” would mean that vehicles do not need to stop at the border. Small traders in Northern Ireland would continue to trade across the border with no new restrictions. A streamlined “trusted trader” scheme would be introduced for larger companies in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. Option 2 A new customs partnership with the European Union. At the border, the UK would mirror the EU’s requirements for imports from the rest of the world, applying the same tariffs and the same rules of origin as the EU. This would also apply for those goods arriving in the UK and intended for the EU. Britain would have to be able to guarantee that all goods entering the EU via the UK pay the right EU duties, removing the need for customs processes at the UK-EU border. The UK would also be able to apply its own tariffs and trade policy for goods intended for the UK market. around the world. On a visit to the West Midlands she told the BBC: “Coming out of the customs union means that we will be free to have those deals, deals that suit the UK. But I also recognise the importance to businesses like this of being able to have as frictionless a border as possible into the European Union.” On Thursday pro-European Tory MPs will back a non-binding amendment requiring Britain to make staying in the customs union an “objective” of negotiations. However, ministers believe that the vote will be “meaningless” and the Government is not whipping MPs to attend the debate or vote against it. It comes after the Government lost two votes on the customs union in the Lords last week. Last night they lost two further votes after peers backed a move to contain the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights in domestic law after Brexit and for another vote over challenges to the validity of EU law. William Hague: Page 18 Editorial Comment: Page 19 JASON BRYANT/APEX Knight for a day St George’s Day celebrations were held across England yesterday, with one patriot, John Dicks, enthusiastically parading through Glastonbury in Somerset wearing a suit of armour and waving the St George’s Cross flag. Rudd to waive fees in wake of Windrush scandal By Kate McCann SENIOR POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT Fashion ‘faux pas’ Rudd attacked over EU registrations AMBER RUDD has announced that British citizenship fees and language tests will be waived for the Windrush generation amid fresh calls for her resignation over the scandal. Addressing the House of Commons, the Home Secretary vowed to pay compensation and suggested the Government could pay to help people return to the UK from abroad if they chose. She faced calls to step down after some Windrush migrants were threatened with deportation if they were unable to prove their right to stay. Ms Rudd was also accused of allowing the Prime Minister to use her as a “human shield” over the issue, amid claims it was Theresa May who initiated the socalled “hostile environment” policy An application system for EU nationals seeking to stay in the UK after Brexit will be “as easy to use as setting up an online account at LK Bennett”, the Home Secretary has reportedly said. Amber Rudd referred to the fashion retailer at a private business dinner, according to the Financial Times. LK Bennett describes itself as an “affordable luxury brand”, selling shoes, clothes, handbags and accessories. It is a favourite of a number of high-profile women, including Theresa May and the Duchess of Cambridge. Ms Rudd reportedly made the comments as she told business leaders at a meeting in London that her department was taking steps to ensure the smooth registration of EU nationals using a digital system. But campaign group the3million, which represents EU citizens living in the UK, accused her of “trivialising” the “serious” application process. The group said: “We had to Google LK Bennett, a popular chain with the upper middle class. It just shows how detached the Government is from the real concerns of the average EU citizens.” which caused Windrush migrants to be caught in the crossfire. Joanna Cherry, the SNP’s justice and home affairs spokesman, said Ms Rudd should “have the decency to resign”. She added: “The Home Secretary has used Home Office staff as a shield to hide behind, and in turn she herself is being used by the Prime Minister – not for the first time – as a human shield to protect the Prime Minister from the repugnant consequences of policies the Prime Minister authored. “The time has come for this Home Secretary to bite the bullet – will she emerge from the shadow of the Prime Minister and scrap her predecessor’s hostile environment policy?” Ms Rudd accepted blame for the scandal but declined to step aside, instead telling MPs: “I want to be the person to put it right.” She also vowed to change the “culture” of the Home Office, after criticising officials for failing to see the “human” side of immigration. Ms Rudd said in a statement that she wanted “to enable the Windrush generation to acquire the status they deserve – British citizenship – quickly and at no cost.” Then, she said, she would waive the need for a Knowledge of Language and Life test; waive the fee for naturalisation of the children of the Windrush generation who were in the UK but were not British citizens; and would ensure those who had retired to their country of origin could return to the UK, with the cost of any fees associated with this process waived. She said staff were also checking that nobody had been deported by accident. But she warned that the Home Office would continue to take a tough approach to illegal immigration. At last we’ve found the culprit at the heart of this outrage – ‘the state’ Sketch h By Michael Deacon I t’s a curious thing. Both Amber Rudd and Theresa May have said sorry for the Windrush scandal – yet neither of them seems to think that they’re to blame for it. Yesterday Ms Rudd made a statement to the Commons. In it, she attempted to pull off an extremely tricky feat. Expressing her most heartfelt anguish for the scandal’s victims – while making it sound as if she had been a powerless bystander. “All members will have seen the recent heartbreaking stories,” she said, sadly. “These people worked here for decades… helped establish the NHS… paid their taxes… enriched our culture… This should never have been allowed to happen… The state has let these people down…” Ah, the state. So that’s whose fault it was. For a while there, I was worried that it might have been the Government. Or the Home Secretary. I wonder what Ms Rudd was like as a teenager. “Mother, Father – it has come to my attention that, while you were away this weekend, a party was held at our house without your permission, attended by a large number of my friends. I regret to report that, during this party, a considerable amount of damage was done to upholstery, carpets, priceless family heirlooms and the back garden. It truly is heartbreaking, to see what the party’s guests did to your scatter cushions, glass coffee table, and koi carp. I personally have been deeply upset by the consequences of the decision to hold this party – consequences which could not possibly have been foreseen when the invitations were secretly sent out. Mother, Father: there is no denying where the responsibility lies. Let me be very clear: the guests of that party have let you down.” At any rate, Ms Rudd assured MPs that she was “personally committed” to “resolving this situation with urgency and purpose”. The Windrush generation would have their UK citizenship fees waived, and they would not be made to sit the usual citizenship test, which assesses applicants’ knowledge of “life in the UK” (probably unnecessary, given that they’ve been living here for decades). Ms Rudd insisted that the Government would still take “a robust approach” to illegal immigration. But its approach to language, it seems, will be softer. Mrs May once boasted that for illegal immigrants she would create a “hostile environment”. Now that this phrase is being used to pin the blame on the Prime Minister, Ms Rudd has instead taken to calling it a “compliant environment”. There, much nicer. Naturally Labour gave her a scolding, but without much zeal. They’d clearly sensed that, if she was going to be sacked, it would have happened by now. Still, there was one moment they enjoyed. “The Home Office,” declared Ms Rudd, “is a great department of state.” Labour MPs guffawed. If you watch the footage, you’ll notice that Ms Rudd smirks, too. The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 24 April 2018 ** 9 News By Anita Singh ROBERT KENNEDY intervened to suppress revelations about Jeremy Thorpe’s sexuality to save the British establishment from scandal, according to a previously unseen memo. Kennedy was US attorney general in 1963 when the FBI came into possession of a passionate letter from Thorpe to an American known as “Bruno”. Thorpe, then a rising star of the Liberal Party, was clearly besotted and wrote: “If I’m ever driven out of public life in Britain for a gay scandal then I shall settle in San Francisco” – the city where the two men had met. It was a prescient remark, as in 1979 Thorpe was accused of conspiracy to murder a former lover in what was rial of the century”. century . dubbed “the trial etter came to light, When the letter Britain was in the grip of the Profumo affairr and homosexuality was illegal in Britain. An FBI ed along with the memo, obtained BC via a Freedom letter by the BBC n request, reads: of Information akes refer“The letter makes ible ence to a possible elahomosexual relaeen tionship between d [redacted] and e. Jeremy Thorpe. The letter was orwritten by Thorpe and bore a return addresss of the House of Commons, London. “The Atal torney General stated that he orm wanted to inform [redacted] of this matter on a personal basis ‘as n’t the British can’t afford anotherr his disclosure of this kind’.” It added thatt Kennedy had verified that n Thorpe was an MP, although it Robert Kennedy, above, suppressed a letter written by Thorpe, right. Below, Hugh Grant and Ben Whishaw as Thorpe and Norman Scott in the forthcoming BBC drama A Very English Scandal wrongly identified him as a member of the Labour Party. Sixteen years later, Thorpe stood trial for conspiracy to murder his former lover, Norman Scott, with whom he had conducted a secret relationship when homosexuality remained illegal. He was acquitted, but his career was destroyed. The prosecution had a copy of the letter, and it has been speculated that Thorpe’s decision not to take the stand was because he did not wish to be cross-examined about its contents. The letter was dated April 1961 and was seized two years later when “Bruno”, whose full name has been redacted by the FBI, was arrested in New York for breaking the terms of a probation order for theft. In the letter, It w Thorpe writes: “It was an unkind th we should stroke of fate that only have met at the very end of my stay in S San Francisco… I don’t know h how you feel, but although we only met so briefly, I miss you desperately.” He said: “H “How I adored San Francisco… the one city wher a gay person where can let down his defe defences and feel free and unhunted.” Af After offering to h contacts to use his help B Bruno find a job, he said said: “Somehow we me again, either I must meet o to San Francismust get on co on som some mission, which the British or American w pay for!! – or taxpayer will one summ summer we must get Eu you to Europe for a really ho good holiday.” as He asked Bruno to write to him at his home or at th the House of Commons, but warned that lat “the latter should be pe marked personal!” sign off by saying: He signed tel you how happy “I can’t tell hav met you. Yours I am to have affect most affectionately, Jeremy.” d Thorpe died in 2014, aged 85. Universities may have to pay £10m each as students sue MORE than 1,000 students from some of the UK’s biggest universities have launched collective legal action that could see universities pay out millions in compensation for lost teaching time during recent lecturer strikes. The law firm behind the group actions believe institutions, including Oxford, Cambridge, Bristol and Manchester, could end up paying out as much as £10 million each. It comes after staff from 64 universities around the UK were hit by 14 days of strikes in a dispute over pensions. When the action collected 1,000 signatures, it triggered the number needed to apply for a Group Litigation Order. It is expected that more students could sign up too. According to lawyers, a quarter of those who signed up are overseas students. The most number of signatories have come from the University of Manchester. Members of the University and Col- ‘Paying about £500 compensation each to 20,000 students would cost around £10 million’ lege Union (UCU) staged a wave of strikes in February and March as part of a bitter dispute over changes to the Universities Superannuation Scheme (USS), a major pension scheme. The UCU called off further action earlier this month after members accepted new proposals put forward by Universities UK. Students can sign up on a website set up by Asserson, a specialist law firm, which would mean all the individual claims could be grouped together and heard at the same time if a lawsuit goes ahead. Shimon Goldwater, a senior solicitor at the firm, said the decision on how to proceed will be taken in the next few weeks, and it is likely that if a case is brought, it would be “a set of 10 to 20 universities that we would be suing”. Which universities are involved is likely to depend on which students come forward, he said. He claimed that institutions could have to pay out millions of pounds. “Over 20,000 undergraduates attend each large UK university,” he said. “Paying about £500 compensation each to 20,000 students would cost around £10 million.” PA; GETTY IMAGES The explosive letter from Thorpe stifled by Robert Kennedy 10 Tuesday 24 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph ** News Depression and mood swings of PMT linked to alcohol Pope helps to declare Alfie a citizen of Italy ALFIE EVANS has been granted Italian citizenship after an intervention by the Pope. The Italian foreign ministry made the move in the hope that the toddler can be transferred from hospital in Liverpool where his life support was due to be switched off. It said: “The Italian government hopes that being an Italian citizen will enable the immediate transfer of the child to Italy.” Tom Evans, the boy’s father, wrote on Facebook: “Alfie belongs to Italy.” Yesterday, about 200 people protested outside the Liverpool Alder Hey hospital after the European Court of Human Rights refused to intervene in the case. Last week, Mr Evans flew to Rome and met Pope Francis at the Vatican, appealing for “asylum” for Alfie. The Pope said the Vatican would ensure a “decisive diplomatic channel is opened up”. A children’s hospital in Rome, Bambino Gesù, has offered to treat the 23-month old. CHRISNEILL/MAVERICK PHOTOGRAPHY By Nick Squires in Rome Police stopped dozens of protesters from entering Alder Hey Hospital in Liverpool yesterday after European judges decided not to intervene in the case Drinking could interfere with hormone levels, say researchers By Laura Donnelly HEALTH EDITOR PMT may be caused by alcohol in more than a fifth of cases, research suggests. Women who drink more than one glass of wine a day also have almost twice the risk of suffering, compared with light drinkers, the findings show. Scientists examined 19 studies involving more than 47,000 women for links between drinking and premenstrual symptoms, such as mood swings and depression. Studies have previously shown that premenstrual 79pc The rise in the risk of suffering PMT among women who drink more than a glass of wine daily syndrome (PMS) tends to be more severe among women who drink alcohol. But it has not been clear whether this is due to the alcohol itself causing the problem, or that women reach for the bottle in response to more severe symptoms. The Spanish review, published in the medical journal BMJ Open, estimates that even moderate drinking is enough to increase symptoms by 45 per cent. The risks rose to 79 per cent among women drinking more than one glass daily. Overall, 21 per cent of PMT cases in the UK and other European countries were found to be associated with alcohol intake, researchers found. The study, which claims to be the first to examine the relationship between alcohol consumption and PMT, did not prove that alcohol was the main cause. But research by the University of Santiago de Compostela said the size of the studies and consistency of the results provided substantial evidence that drinking appeared to increase the risks. Researchers said alcohol may interfere with hormone levels involved in the menstrual cycle, and interfere with the production of key “mood” chemicals in the brain, such as serotonin, low levels of which are linked to depression. Drugs which target serotonin are already used to treat PMT. Scientists said it was also possible that women with alterations in such levels might, too, be more sensitive to alcohol. Six in 10 British women drink alcohol. More than one in six exceed recommended weekly limits of 14 units (around six glasses of wine). Dr Bahi Takkouche, the lead author, said the findings were important given the rates of alcohol drinking among women, especially in Europe. Globally, the proportion of women who drink alcohol is thought to be around 30 per cent. Across Europe the figure is more than 60 per cent, including 12.5 per cent heavy drinkers. “Based on the figures above and on our results, we estimate that 11 per cent of the PMS cases may be associated to alcohol intake worldwide and 21 per cent in Europe,” wrote the researchers. “Furthermore, heavy drinking may be associated with 4 per cent of the PMS cases in the world and over 9 per cent in Europe.” It added that if the association was causal in nature, eliminating heavy drinking in women could prevent one in 12 cases in Europe. Allergies linked to psychiatric conditions By Henry Bodkin SUFFERING from hay fever or other common allergies significantly increases the risk of depression and anxiety, a major study suggests. Analysis of almost 200,000 people showed for the first time a link between the so-called “three As” – allergic rhinitis (hay fever), asthma and atopic dermatitis (eczema) – and psychiatric illness. Previous research had hinted at causal connections between certain allergies and emotional or psychological disorders, but the picture was confused. The new study shows a widescale association between the two, which experts say should help doctors better predict and prevent mental illness. They believe inflammation caused by the allergies may also increase the likelihood of psychiatric conditions. The stress of coping with an allergy may also explain the link. Researchers used health insurance data to compare 46,647 people with allergies to 139,941 without. While those without one of the three main allergies had a 6.7 per cent chance of developing a psychiatric disorder within a 15-year period, for those who were allergic the risk was 10.8 per cent. The team at Tri-Service General Hospital in Taiwan studied all ages. “I observed that some patients with the three As appeared to suffer emotionally,” said Dr Nian-Sheng Tzeng, team leader. “We’d like to let clinicians who care for patients with allergic diseases know that their risk for psychiatric diseases may be higher.” People with atopic dermatitis had a lower risk of psychiatric disorder, while those with asthma and allergic rhinitis had a higher risk. Dr Samantha Walker, director of research and policy at Asthma UK, said: “We are not surprised by the results, but they are concerning. “We have known for some time that people with longterm conditions, like the 5.4 million people with asthma in the UK, are more likely to experience issues with mental health.” Pregnancy coffees may lead to heavier children By Sarah Knapton PREGNANT women who drink too much coffee are more likely to have overweight children, according to a study. Children of mothers who drank more than three cups a day were found to be more than a pound heavier by the age of eight than those of women who consumed little or no caffeine. The Norwegian Institute of Public Health studied 51,000 women over nine years and discovered a linear link between the consumption of coffee and larger children. NHS advice is that women drink no more than 200mg of caffeine per day, or two cups. But the Norwegian study found complete avoidance may be advisable. The body takes longer to get rid of caffeine during pregnancy. It has been linked to a greater risk of miscarriage and restricted foetal growth. The research was published in the journal BMJ Open. The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 24 April 2018 *** 11 News Stephen’s day ‘will give young people a voice’ By Victoria Ward VICTORIA JONES/PA WIRE Baroness Lawrence and her son Stuart with Theresa May commemorating the 25th anniversary of Stephen’s death STEPHEN LAWRENCE Day is to be held on April 22 every year to remember the murdered teenager, Theresa May has announced. The anniversary of the 18-year-old’s death will be a national commemoration of his life and legacy and was hailed by his family as an opportunity for young people to use their voices. The Prime Minister was joined by public figures including Prince Harry and Meghan Markle at a memorial service marking the 25th anniversary of Stephen’s murder at St Martin-in-theFields in central London. Mrs May said: “We will use this day to encourage and support young people in achieving their dreams, and to reflect on Stephen’s life, death and the positive change he has inspired.” Baroness Lawrence said her son “was denied his voice but the Stephen Lawrence Day will be an opportunity for young people to use their voices and should be embedded in our education and wider system”. Meanwhile, Sadiq Khan, the Mayor of London said Lady Lawrence should have a statue in her honour, as the bust of Millicent Fawcett, the suffragist who fought for women’s right to vote, was unveiled in Parliament Square. Student was ‘stabbed in the back by cowards in the dark’ ‘Evil triumphs when good people do nothing’, say student’s family By Martin Evans Crime Correspondent THE family of a model law student stabbed to death by “cowards in the dark” have blamed his murder on the failure to tackle knife crime. Sami Sidhom, 18, was killed as he returned home from a West Ham United football match on April 16. The teenager, who was studying at Queen Mary University, was attacked and stabbed multiple times by a gang outside his home Forest Gate, east London. Scotland Yard said a 22-year-old man had been arrested on suspicion of Sami Sidhom, 18, was stabbed multiple times by a gang near his home in east London murder and was being questioned. Police have said they have still no idea of the motive and are appealing for witnesses. It is thought the murderers may have escaped in a car. In a statement, his family said: “How many more have to die this way before everyone cares? How many more communities like ours have to be terrorised by mindless stabbings? Sami was a model son, model student, a dedicated West Ham fan who was studying to be a lawyer to bring fair play and justice to those who needed it. “He never had a chance to do any of that because he was stabbed in the back by cowards in the dark. He was only 18. We’ve somehow ended up in a society where our brightest hopes are taken before they’ve even started. “It is shameful that a single knife is allowed on the street. There isn’t a single fathomable reason why this is still tolerated, unchecked and unstopped. Those who are responsible for enforcing the banning of knives in our streets are also responsible for his death. Someone once said evil triumphs when good people do nothing.” In their statement, the family went on: “It wasn’t just Sami that got stabbed near his home. It was justice itself that got stabbed in the back. It’s up to all of us to ensure justice and life should be given and never taken.” Scotland Yard said Sami was returning home after earlier watching West Ham United play Stoke City, and had just got off a bus in Romford Road. He was walking the final part of the journey when he was attacked. Det Chief Insp Mark Wrigley, leading the investigation, said: “I now appeal to those people in the community who know what took place or who is responsible to come forward and give Sami’s family the justice they deserve.” The murder came amid fears over a surge of violence sweeping the capital and other parts of the country. Since the start of the year, the Met Police has launched more than 60 murder investigations, the latest after a man was stabbed to death in Finsbury Park, north London, on Saturday. Sadiq Khan, the Mayor of London, also appealed for help to find Sami’s killers, and said: “Nobody could fail to be moved by Sami’s family’s tribute to him… We all have a role to play in keeping our streets safe… The police and other groups can’t do this alone. They need each and every one of us to do the right thing and work tirelessly to end this scourge.” Businessman used laser to jam speed cameras By Victoria Ward A COMPANY director jammed speed cameras with a laser to escape fines while sticking his middle finger up at them, a court has heard. Timothy Hill, 67, fitted a laser jammer to his Range Rover, which meant that his speed came up blank. Hill drove past mobile speed camera vans on the A19 near Easingwold, Thirsk and Crathorne three times in December and each time he was photographed gesturing to them with his middle finger. But his actions were spotted by police, who noted his personalised registration plate. When officers traced the vehicle to Hill’s home in the Yorkshire Dales village of Grassington, the businessman threw the device in a river that runs by his home. Hill appeared at Teesside Crown Court where he was jailed for eight months and banned from driving for a year for perverting the course of justice. 12 Tuesday 24 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph *** News Hand car washes ‘damage environment’, MPs warn By Steven Swinford DEPUTY POLITICAL EDITOR HAND car washes in supermarket car parks could be damaging the environment, MPs have warned as they set up an inquiry. The environmental audit committee is concerned that oil, dirt and pollutant cleaning products are being thrown down car park drains, affecting rivers, streams and water sources and harming wildlife. It is also concerned that gangs are trafficking people and forcing them to work at hand car washes in a form of “modern slavery”. The MPs will compare the environmental impact of hand car washes with that of automatic systems, and examine whether the chemicals used could harm “human health and the natural environment”. Mary Creagh, the Labour chairman of the committee, said: “Hand car washes are a familiar sight throughout the UK and often offer drivers a cheaper and more convenient alternative to automatic car washes, but they may be having a damaging environmental impact. “Oil, dirt and cleaning products are often not disposed of correctly, which could be having a significant impact on local water sources and wildlife. “The Independent Anti-Slavery Commission has also expressed concerns around the exploitation of the workforce at hand car washes. We are concerned about the cost to the public purse of tackling criminality, including trafficking, tax evasion and enforcement of minimum wage law. “Our inquiry will look at the environmental impact of hand car washes and ask how effective the regulations that govern them are. It will also ask the Government how it is meeting its commitments under the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals to reduce human exploitation.” There are nearly 19,000 car-wash operations in Britain, employing up to 200,000 people. Many of those working in the car washes are from Asia, Africa and Eastern Europe. Thousands of workers are thought to be in modern slavery. They are mostly men lured from eastern Europe with promises of paid work, housing and job opportunities. Yet many end up trapped in debt, forced to live and work in squalid and unsafe conditions, stripped of their documents and subjected to threats, abuse and violence. Police say it is dif- ficult to secure convictions because the alleged victims are often reluctant to speak out. “There is modern slavery on an industrial scale,” said Lysbeth Ford, of the Gangmasters and Labour Abuse Authority, the anti-slavery body. “The Government and the police are not yet aware of the extent of car wash slavery. It has exploded because workers are being underpaid or not paid at all – creating an environment ripe for exploitation.” Warning over children’s yogurts that contain up to five sugar cubes Transport for London has come under fire for putting up a “fatshaming” message on a noticeboard. It read: “During this heatwave please dress for the body you have… not for the body you want.” Michael Hawkes posted an image of the notice at Blackhorse Road Tube station, writing on Twitter: “Way to body shame, TfL.” Others tweeted their anger. Jane Murphy wrote: “It would suit [TfL] better to have trains running on time, than quotes of the day.” Alexandra Goldstein stated: “I am so very tired of TfL wit and wisdom. Especially when neither is demonstrated.” Kellie Dawson told TfL to “keep your judgment off my body.” But some people defended TfL. Abi Brookes wrote: “This is not body shaming, it’s brutal honesty & majority of what most people are thinking.” A TfL spokesman said: “We apologise unreservedly to customers who were offended by the insensitive message. In this instance the message was clearly ill-judged and it has been removed. An investigation is under way to establish who thought such an unacceptable message was a good idea, so that the appropriate action can be taken.” Children are able to eat almost their entire daily sugar allowance in certain brands of yogurt, health officials have warned. Analysis of major brands by Public Health Liverpool found some products contain the equivalent of almost five sugar cubes. NHS guidelines say children aged between four and six should have no more than 19g, or five cubes, of so-called free sugar – sugar not “locked in” naturally to products – a day, while seven to 10-year-olds should have no more than six cubes. Public Health Liverpool is to highlight its findings with a media campaign across health centres, dentists’ surgeries, children’s centres and hospitals over the coming months. The drive, is aimed at tackling childhood obesity in the city, where around 12 per cent of school reception age children and more than 23 per cent of Year Six pupils are classed as obese. Almost a third of five-year-olds in Liverpool have decayed, missing or filled teeth, with two a day under the age of 10 having to get teeth removed. Dr Sandra Davies, the city’s director of public health, said: “Tackling sugar in diets is a real priority for us because we know that people simply don’t realise how much they are consuming.” NICK HURST/ MERCURY PRESS Transport bosses apologise for ‘fat-shaming’ notice on the Tube Spring on the wing A tawny owl swoops across a sea of bluebells near Billericay, Essex. Photographer Nick Hurst, 49, of Lavenham, Suffolk, captured the image on an outing with the Imperial Bird of Prey Academy, a falconry centre in Essex. ‘Worst lambing season’ pushes up prices Birds hatch too late in warmer springs Oxford professor hit child at crossing Lamb prices are expected to rise sharply after farmers reported having the worst lambing season in memory. Farmers said the late spring, which caused death rates among newborn lambs to soar, would have serious implications for home-grown supply. Wholesale prices are up 46 per cent A 97-year-old veteran of the Battle of El Alamein and Oxford law professor ran over a child on a pedestrian crossing, a court has heard. Tony Honoré, an honorary fellow at New College, Oxford, was found guilty of dangerous driving at Oxford magistrates’ court. The court heard he on last year, leading to a rise in prices in supermarkets and butchers. John Royle, chief livestock adviser to the National Farmers’ Union, told The Grocer that this year’s season was “as bad as we can remember”. Supplies of lamb are already down because of a shortage of exports from New Zealand. Warmer springs are leaving birds hungry because they hatch after the caterpillar population has peaked, researchers have warned. The Universities of Exeter, Edinburgh and Sheffield found that the emergence of chicks was “increasingly mismatched” with their main food source of oak caterpillars, which are only active for a few weeks and are emerging earlier as springs warm. Great tits were found to hatch on average two days late and pied flycatchers 13 days too late. The research was published in the journal Nature Ecology and Evolution. ran through a red light at midday on Feb 6, striking Ragnar Cadogan, nine, who was crossing with his mother and two siblings. The boy was not seriously hurt. Honoré failed a roadside eyesight test. He was ordered to pay £1,755 in fines and costs and was banned from driving for a year. The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 24 April 2018 FINAL News Antiques dealer claims he thought his business was about to go bust when he strangled seven-year-old By Martin Evans CRIME CORRESPONDENT AN ANTIQUES dealer strangled his seven-year-old daughter to spare her the “pain and upset” of bankruptcy, a court has heard. Robert Peters, 56, who ran a business in Kensington, London, with his brother, claimed he had been worried about finances when he killed Sophia at their home in Wimbledon. But the Old Bailey was told he had no mortgage arrears or defaults of his accounts and there was cash in the bank. Peters waited until his wife had gone out before he woke Sophia up in bed by tying a dressing gown cord around her neck and throttling her. Afterwards, he called 999 and told police to come to his home telling them: “There’s been a murder.” He said a child had been killed, and when asked who had done it, replied: “I have.” When officers arrived at his £1 million home, he told them: “She’s upstairs. I’ve strangled her. My daughter, she’s upstairs in her bedroom.” Sophia had a weak pulse and was rushed to hospital, but died next day. Following his arrest, Peters, who had been married three times, told a mental health nurse he had twice tried to kill himself in 2017. He said he had been thinking of killing his wife and everal weeks so they daughter for several d the pain and upset could be “spared e bankrupt”. when he became ed he expected to go Peters claimed e of months and they bust in a couple rything. But the court would lose everything. minary examination of was told a preliminary ealed no debt. his finances revealed rview, he said Sophia In police interview, woke up as he put the cord around herr neck at are and asked: “What you doing?” He said led a she had struggled little bit as he stranout 20 gled her for about d officers it minutes. He told had been his lastt opportuughter as nity to kill his daughter she was due back at MasterChef entrant dies after running London marathon By Camilla Turner A FORMER MasterChef contestant has died after running the London Marathon in memory of his father. Donations have poured in for Matt Campbell, a professional chef from the Lake District, who collapsed at the 22.5-mile mark in Sunday’s race. He received medical treatment at the scene but later died in hospital. The exact cause of death is yet to be determined. A keen runner, Mr Matt Campbell paid tribute to his father’s charity work before the race Campbell, 29, completed the Manchester Marathon earlier this month in under three hours. He was a contestant on MasterChef: The Professionals last year, with Marcus Wareing, a judge on the show, describing his signature dish of “cod cheeks, spirulina, kale & kombucha” as the best he had ever tasted on the television contest. Mr Campbell was raising money for the Brathay Trust, a charity in Ambleside, Cum- bria, which runs training and skills programmes for vulnerable youths and young adults. Before the marathon, he had just beaten his target of raising £2,500 but by last night, donations on his JustGiving web page had surpassed £75,000. On his fundraising page, Mr Campbell told how his father Martin, who died 18 months ago, worked “tirelessly” for the charity and through his work, had “helped change many lives for the good”. Mr Campbell wrote: “As many of you know, I lost my father Martin 18 months ago suddenly. The past year and a half have been the toughest of my life but his spirit and energy live on in me. “Although he won’t be there in person, I know he will be there in spirit and I will be running for him.” MasterChef paid tribute to Mr Campbell, praising him for “some of the most innovative and groundbreaking food we saw on the show”. Mr Campbell began his career in Michelin-starred kitchens, and came second on the BBC’s Young Chef of the Year aged 20. He had worked in the French Alps as a chef for “VIP guests”, according to his website. ‘Obsessed’ worker stabbed boss to death By Martin Evans CRIME CORRESPONDENT A UNIVERSITY worker stabbed his boss to death and scrawled “bully” across her forehead after she rejected his romantic advances, a court has heard. David Browning, 52, stabbed Jill Howell 15 times before going to police to tell them: “In a nutshell, I have killed my boss.” Mr Browning, who has admitted manslaughter on the grounds of diminished responsibility, is on trial charged with murder. Hove Crown Court heard the married man with two grown-up children worked in the payroll department at the University of Brighton for almost 30 years when in 2015 Ms Howell became his manager. He became obsessed and gave her gifts, flowers and messages. Alan Gardner, prosecuting, said: “He formed an intense attachment with his boss and wanted a closer relationship with her.” He became possessive, controlling and jealous, Mr Gardner added. The court heard when Mr Browning began to suspect Miss Howell was in a relationship, he bought a shotgun and knife. Her body was found at her home in Brighton, covered in blood. Mr Gardner said: “The word ‘bully’ had been scrawled across her forehead.” Mr Browning later fetched his shotgun but found he could not kill himself and went to the police. Mr Browning denies murder. The trial continues. Inquiry into naturists’ child swimming lessons A NATURIST swimming club is being investigated by the council after it began naked classes for children in a local swimming pool. Ryedale Naturist Club, which holds fortnightly swims at Derwent Pool, near Malton, N Yorks, has come under scrutiny after it invited under-18s to swim nude with a parent or guardian. Ryedale District Council, which owns the pool, is investigating whether there is a “risk to the welfare of children”. Luke Ives, lead coun- cillor said: “While there is nothing wrong in the club hiring the pool, it must be done in a way that does not give risk to children. The council will not hesitate to take immediate action.” The club’s website states: “If you bring the kids we will let them in free but they must be accompanied at all times.” The club, run by “Janet”, said its sessions were a great way to make new friends and insisted no sexual activity of any type took place. Robert Peters has admitted the manslaughter of daughter Sophia, right, with the cord of a dressing gown boarding school after half-term break. Peters said he had been having an affair for two-and-a-half years, moved out of the family home, then returned having ended it. A post-mortem examination found Sophia, who had a hole in the heart as a baby, suffered fatal brain damage. Prosecutor Mukul Chawla QC said: “There is no dispute that the defendant killed Sophia. The prosecution case is that that killing amounted to murder. “On the part of Mr Peters, it is suggested that the killing was not murder but manslaughter.” It was not disputed that he suffered a “moderate” depressive illness, the Old Bailey heard. But the prosecutor said: “Simply suffering from such a condition is not enough to enable a killing to be reduced from murder to manslaughter.” Peters has admitted manslaughter but denies murder. In the months before the killing, he searched the internet for “serial killers”, “treatment of child killers in prison” and “premeditated murder”, the court was told. The trial continues. CENTRAL NEWS Father killed daughter ‘to save her bankruptcy pain’ 13 14 Tuesday 24 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph ** World news By Ben Riley-Smith, Henry Samuel and Alec Luhn EMMANUEL MACRON will today urge Donald Trump to keep the United States engaged in Syria for the long run as the pair meet in the White House. The French president is expected to warn that new terrorist threats could emerge if the US disengages from the country as it remains locked in civil war. The White House has confirmed that a “way ahead in Syria” will be discussed in what officials predicted will be a “full and free airing of points of view” with Mr Macron. America’s Syrian policy is up in the air as Mr Trump balances his instinctive opposition to foreign intervention with a determination to police a “red line” over chemical weapons use. Mr Trump said last month that American troops would withdraw from Syria “very soon”, only to be convinced by advisers to stay for the time being to defeat the last remaining Isil fighters. Just weeks later, the US president sanctioned air strikes on Syrian regime facilities alongside Britain and France to punish Bashar al-Assad, the Syrian dictator, for a chemical weapons attack. Mr Macron, who arrived in Washington DC yesterday for a three-day state visit, was said to have played a central role in convincing Mr Trump to approve the strikes. Mr Macron also used a Fox News interview on Sunday to declare that pulling out of Syria would “leave the floor to the Iranian regime” and Assad, adding: “They will fuel the new terrorists.” The US president has repeatedly criticised his country’s involvement in the Middle East, saying that America has got “nothing” from the trillions of pounds spent in the region in the last S Korea mutes propaganda broadcasts over border few decades. A decision over future Syrian engagement has become more pressing amid Russian media reports that the Kremlin is considering further arming Assad’s forces. The Kommersant newspaper quoted diplomatic and military sources as saying that Russia was planning to give S-300 surface-to-air missiles to the Syrian government in the “near future”. The move would anger Israel, which helped quash a similar move in 2013, and increase volatility in the region. Sergei Lavrov, the Russian foreign minister, yesterday said that no final decision had been taken. Mr Macron was given a red-carpet welcome yesterday as he arrived with his wife Brigitte, becoming the first world leader to embark on a state visit to the US under Mr Trump. The Macrons were due to have a private couples dinner with the Trumps at Mount Vernon, the home of George Washington, America’s first president, last night. Mr Macron will also be given a “review of the troops” with 500 US soldiers in attendance, mirroring a military march that Mr Trump attended during his Paris visit. Mr Macron and Mr Trump will have a one-on-one meeting in the Oval Office today. As well as Syria, the two leaders are expected to discuss the Iran nuclear deal, US steel tariffs on the EU and the Paris climate change agreement. Germany is reportedly considering a major new round of defence spending, including an estimated €1 billion (£875 million) on new drone aircraft over the next nine years. The move comes amid concerns that the country’s defence spending is lagging behind that of allies and questions over its ability to meet its Nato commitments. By Nicola Smith ASIA CORRESPONDENT SOUTH KOREA has stopped broadcasting propaganda across the border with the North for the first time in two years, ahead of the first inter-Korean summit in a decade. Yesterday’s move came as Moon Jaein, the South Korean president, praised the North for pledging to freeze its programme of missile tests. North and South Korea are in the EVAN VUCCI Macron’s White House mission is to persuade the US to stay in Syria final stages of preparations for a summit between Mr Moon and Kim Jongun at the border village of Panmunjom on Friday. Yesterday, Seoul announced that the historic meeting would include an official dinner. Parts of the event will be broadcast live, and it was also reported that Kim may make the last leg of the journey to the venue, on the south side of the border zone, on foot. “We hope this decision will lead both Koreas to stop mutual criticism and propaganda against each other and also contribute in creating peace and a new beginning,” the South Korean defence ministry said about the decision to halt the broadcasts. North Korea has about 40 of its own propaganda loudspeakers at the border, and was expected to silence most of them last night. In February, the North lowered the volume of its border propaganda after the Winter Olympics opening ceremony in South Korea’s Pyeongchang. The South’s propaganda broadcasts were stopped at midnight, the defence ministry said, without specifying whether they would resume after the Kim-Moon summit. It is the first time in more than two years the South Korean broadcasts, which include a mixture of news, pop music and criticism of the North Korean regime, have been halted. Broadcasts were stopped in mid-2015 only to be restarted in January 2016 following North Korea’s fourth nuclear test. Pyongyang has conducted two more nuclear tests since then. The inter-Korean talks, and a planned meeting between Kim and Donald Trump in the coming weeks, have raised hopes of an easing in tensions that reached a crescendo last year amid a flurry of North Korean missile trials and its largest nuclear test. On Saturday, North Korea pledged to The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 24 April 2018 FINAL 15 Nine killed as Toronto van driver goes on the rampage ‘Pulling out of Syria would leave the floor to the Iranian regime and Assad... They will fuel the new Streets are turned into a terrorists’ ‘war zone’ after vehicle mounts the kerb and ‘hits people one by one’ ZUMAPRESS.COM/MEGA By Rozina Sabur and Ben Riley-Smith NINE people were killed and 16 injured yesterday afternoon after a van driver mounted a kerb and hit pedestrians in Toronto. Witnesses described seeing the vehicle swerve to deliberately hit victims, leaving a baby stroller “split in half ” and hitting people sitting on a bench. Five of the injured were in a critical condition and two more were described as “serious” at the Canadian city’s Sunnybrook Hospital. The suspect was named by local media, citing police sources, as Alek Minassian, a 25-year-old student. He was in custody last night. John Tory, the city’s mayor, appealed for calm in the aftermath as he praised the “professionalism” and “thoroughness” of the emergency services. Ralph Goodale, Canada’s public safety minister, declined to comment on what may have motivated the attack. It was not clear yesterday if there was a terrorist motive. He said: “The police are conducting their investigation to determine what happened.” Numerous body bags were seen in Police at the horrific scene in Toronto when nine people were killed by a van driver the street, according to witnesses, with one describing the scene as like a “war zone”. A police spokesman also said it was too early to discuss motives. The incident occurred in Yonge Street and Finch Avenue area of the city, 18 miles north of the city centre. Boris Johnson, the Foreign Secretary, was attending a meeting of G7 ministers in the city, but the gathering Trump pick for secretary of state faces senators’ snub By Ben Riley-Smith US EDITOR Donald Trump and first lady Melania on the South Lawn with President Emmanuel Macron and his wife Brigitte halt nuclear and missile tests and said it was scrapping its nuclear test site to instead pursue economic growth and peace. After initially welcoming the statement, Mr Trump sounded a more cautious note on Sunday. “We are a long way from conclusion on North Korea, maybe things will work out, and maybe they won’t – only time will tell,” he wrote on Twitter. Mr Moon, the South’s president, said yesterday that the move was “a green light that improves the prospect of success of the inter-Korea and North-US summits”. South Korean companies with exposure to the North rallied after Pyongyang’s weekend announcement. Shares of Good People and Shinwon Corp, which used to operate factories in North Korea’s Kaesong industrial region near the Demilitarised Zone, surged 8 per cent and 15 per cent respectively. DONALD TRUMP led a last-minute scramble for votes yesterday amid fears his choice for America’s top diplomat could be handed a highly unusual snub by a committee of senators. Mike Pompeo, proposed as Mr Trump’s new secretary of state, was struggling to secure enough support on the Senate’s foreign relations committee to approve his nomination. No secretary of state nominee has failed to win the committee’s backing since records began in the late 19th century, according to the US Senate Historical Office. Mr Pompeo’s hawkish views on North Korea and Iran, closeness to Mr Trump and socially conservative comments made in the past have all fallen under the spotlight. His failure to disclose a recent meeting with Kim Jong-un, the North Korean leader, to congressmen during a nomination hearing has also been criticised. Mr Trump tweeted: “Hard to believe Obstructionists May vote against Mike Pompeo for Secretary of State. “The Dems will not approve hundreds of good people, including the Ambassador to Germany. They are maxing out the time on approval process for all, never happened before. Need more Republicans!” Mr Pompeo, the current CIA director, has been proposed as the replacement for Rex Tillerson, Mr Trump’s first secretary of state. who was fired after falling out with the president. A rejection does not mean that Mr Pompeo will not take up the post. A full vote of the US Senate, where the Republicans enjoy a 51-49 majority, would likely follow. The last cabinet-level nominee to be rejected by a Senate committee but confirmed by the full Senate was Henry Wallace, the commerce secretary, on March 1, 1945. was not near the site of the incident. Justin Trudeau, the Canadian prime minister, said: “Our thoughts are with all those affected by the terrible incident. Thank you to the first responders working at the scene – we’re monitoring the situation closely.” Officials asked businesses in the area to close early in order for police to continue their “complex” investigation. Peter Yuen, Toronto Police’s acting chief, said: “We have located the vehicle, the driver is in custody right now and he is being investigated. “We can confirm right now that nine people are dead, 16 injured.” Mark Saunders, the city’s police chief, who was in New York at the time, travelled back to Toronto last night to oversee the investigation. Claudia Panfil, a spokesman for Ryder Systems, confirmed that one of the company’s rental vehicles was involved in the tragedy and they were cooperating with authorities. Henry Miller, who lives in an apartment overlooking the street, told Sky News he saw from his balcony “a lady lying on the floor and the van driving off with people running around trying to help her”. He said the white van “[sped] probably 60-70mph down this major road, swerving to what I would say fairly deliberately hit pedestrians and swerving in and out of traffic before eventually careering off into one of the other side streets and out of view”. Kash Alavi described seeing victims with faces “full of blood”, telling CNN that the legs of those hit had been “twisted and contorted”. Another witness said: “He’s just hitting people one by one by one. It was a nightmare.” He said he saw a baby stroller “split in half ” and that what he had witnessed was like “a war zone”. Tusk testifies over plane crash death of Polish leader By Matthew Day in Warsaw DONALD TUSK, the European Council president, was questioned for over two hours yesterday in a Warsaw court as he gave evidence in a trial linked to the 2010 air disaster that killed the Polish president and dozens of the country’s political and military elite. Mr Tusk’s appearance in court made headlines in Poland given that Jaroslaw Kaczynski, the leader of Poland’s ruling party and the twin brother of Lech Kaczynski, the late president, has said he holds him responsible, in part, for the tragedy, which he suggests was an assassination organised by Russia. Mr Tusk was Polish prime minister at the time when the plane carrying Lech Kaczynski crashed as it came into land at Smolensk airport in western Russia, killing all 96 on board. Political observers say Mr Kaczynski is using the trial to try to tarnish Mr Tusk, who still has significant political potential in Poland. Mr Tusk faced hours of questioning into events surrounding the incident as he gave evidence in the trial of Tomasz Arabski, his former office chief from his days as prime minister, and four other officials. The five are in court following a private prosecution organised by families of victims who claim they failed in their official duties to ensure the safety of the flight. Since 2010, Mr Kaczynski and his supporters have insisted the disaster was not an accident, and have rejected the findings of official investigations that blamed factors such as pilot error and the weather for the crash. Despite proposing a number of conspiracy theories about the disaster, they have so far also failed to produce hard evidence proving the plane was brought down by criminal activity. Terrorist linked to Paris attack gets 20 years for trying to kill police in Brussels shoot-out By James Crisp in Brussels SALAH ABDESLAM, once Europe’s most wanted man and the sole surviving suspect of the Paris terror attacks, yesterday was jailed for 20 years for terrorism-related attempted murder in a shoot-out with Belgian police. Neither Abdeslam, 28, or Sofiane Armenian PM bows to the people: Yes, I will resign Ayari, 24, his co-accused, were in the Palais de Justice courtroom in Brussels to hear the verdict over the March 2016 gun battle, which left four officers wounded and one jihadist dead. The Belgian-born French national was in prison in France where he is awaiting trial for his alleged role in the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant By Alec Luhn in Moscow SERZH SARGSYAN, Armenia’s long-time leader, resigned yesterday after 11 days of protests against his attempt to remain in power as prime minister. “The movement of the street is against my office. I’m fulfilling your demands,” Mr Sargsyan said on his website. The announcement (Isil) attack on Paris in November 2015, which killed 130 people. In its judgment, the court in the Belgian capital said “there can be no doubt” over Abdeslam and Ayari’s involvement in extremism. Ayari, who is being held in a Belgian prison, was also sentenced to 20 years. Acting on a tip-off over the Paris at- came after soldiers joined demonstrations, which had spread beyond Yerevan, the capital, following 300 arrests on Sunday. Nikol Pashinyan, the opposition leader and MP, was released from custody and joined protesters in celebrating, his hand still bandaged from a march on the legislature last week. Mr Sargsyan, who led the country for a decade as president, was confirmed as prime minister last Tuesday, reversing a promise not to take the post. His appointment, which followed a constitutional reform to shift power to that office, was seen by many as an attempt to remain ruler for life. Videos showed Armenians cheering, waving flags and honking car horns on Courtroom sketch of Salah Abdeslam flanked by security when he appeared at his trial at the Justice Palace in Brussels the streets of Yerevan. People were “screaming and yelling with joy” at the departure, Maria Karapetyan, an activist, told The Daily Telegraph from outside a Yerevan holding centre, where she was waiting for detained protesters to be released. The opposition would now push for the dissolution of the national assembly and new elections, she added. tacks, police had raided a flat in a suburb of Brussels – 34 shots were fired before Abdeslam escaped. Investigators say his arrest three days later in the largely immigrant area of Molenbeek, in the Belgian capital, spurred the Brussels bombers to bring forward the 2016 attacks. On March 22, suicide bombers from a cell linked to the Paris attacks killed 32 people and wounded hundreds more at Brussels airport and a metro station. At an earlier hearing in Brussels, Abdeslam vowed not to answer any questions saying European courts were prejudiced against Muslims before adding that he was “not afraid”. He refused to attend any further hearings. 16 Tuesday 24 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph ** World news WORLD BULLETIN Chinese tourists killed in N Korea bus plunge Thirty-two Chinese tourists were killed when their bus fell from a bridge in North Korea. A Chinese foreign ministry spokesman said the holidaymakers and four North Koreans died in the crash on Sunday night in North Hwanghae province, south of Pyongyang, the capital. Two Chinese tourists were said to be critically injured. Chinese state media footage taken in pouring rain showed the blue tour bus flipped over, with part of its body broken. World’s first penis and scrotum transplant Doctors in the US have performed the world’s first penis and scrotum transplant on a US military sergeant severely injured several years ago in an IED blast in Afghanistan. The unnamed man is recovering well and expected to regain both urinary and sexual function, said Richard Redett, who led the transplant operation. He told a press conference yesterday that the patient had undergone 14 hours of surgery under a specialist team at the Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore in late March. Egypt’s terror fight ‘has imperilled 420,000’ Canadian lynched over death of Peru healer Villagers accuse father who had left his home to study Amazon plant medicine of murdering wise woman By Harriet Alexander POLICE in Peru were last night preparing a series of arrests over the lynching of a Canadian man accused by villagers of murdering an 81-year-old medicine woman. Sebastian Woodruffe’s body was found in a shallow grave on Saturday in a remote village in the Amazonian region of Ucayali. The 41-year-old had been accused by locals of the murder of Olivia Arevalo, a traditional healer of the ShipiboConibo tribe. She was shot twice and died on Thursday near her home, said Ricardo Palma Jimenez, the head of a group of prosecutors in Ucayali. Arevalo had been working with traditional plant medicine since the age of 15, and came from a long line of healers, according to the Temple of the Way of Light centre, where she worked. Ricardo Franco, Arevalo’s nephew, described her as “the mother that protects the Earth in the jungle”. Woodruffe was believed to have been one of her clients, and some reports on social media suggested that she was killed for refusing to perform an ayahuasca ceremony – a hallucinogenic spiritual ritual increasingly popular with Westerners. Other reports indicated a row over debts. Arevalo’s sons disputed both versions, however, saying that she had stopped performing ayahuasca ceremonies due to her health. Locals told an indigenous news outlet that witnesses saw Woodroffe shoot Arevalo multiple times after she sang Sebastian Woodruffe, 41, was lynched after Amazonian villagers accused him of murdering Olivia Arevalo, 81, right, a traditional healer an ikaro, or curing song. He then fled, residents alleged, prompting Arevalo’s family members to post a “wanted” bulletin online, showing Woodroffe’s photo, identifying him by name and nationality and offering a reward. Distressing mobile phone footage, shared on social media, showed the attack on Woodruffe. He is seen in the film groaning in a puddle near a thatched-roof structure, as another man puts a rope around his neck and drags him, with others looking on. Peru’s ministry of the interior said yesterday that they were close to making arrests in the case. Woodruffe, who had a nine-year-old son, grew up on Vancouver Island. In a YouTube video in 2013, he said that he had decided to leave his job and his home in Canada to study plant medicine in Peru. A relative’s battle with alcoholism had inspired him to “fix the family’s spirit” and pursue a career as an addictions counsellor. He began raising money for an apprenticeship with traditional healers in the Amazon, writing on his fundraising page that he felt a responsibility to “support this culture and retain some of their treasure in me and my family, and share it with those that wish to learn”. Yarrow Willard, a friend, said: “We’ve just been in shock… there is no way this person is capable of that.” Mr Jimenez said: “We will not rest until both murders, of the indigenous woman as well as the Canadian man, are solved. We want the people of the Amazon to know that there is justice, but not justice by their own hands.” Egypt’s military operations against jihadists in the Sinai desert have left 420,000 people on the brink of humanitarian crisis, according to Human Rights Watch. The group found that residents of four north Sinai cities were facing acute shortages of food, water and medicine as the military cut roads and electricity lines as part of its offensive. “A counter-terrorism operation that imperils hundreds of thousands of civilians is unlawful and unlikely to stem violence,” said a spokesman. Saudi-led airstrikes kill Yemen wedding guests Airstrikes by a Saudi-led military coalition battling the armed Houthi movement killed at least 20 people and injured a further 30 attending a wedding in a village in north-western Yemen late on Sunday, residents and medical sources said. The head of Al Jumhouri hospital in Hajjah put the casualty toll even higher, and told Reuters by telephone that the hospital had received 40 bodies, most of them torn to pieces, and that 46 people had been injured, including 30 children, in the airstrikes. Pet dog saves girl, 3, lost in Australian bush French queen’s stolen heart of gold is found By Jonathan Pearlman in Sydney A THREE-YEAR-OLD girl who got lost in bushland in Australia was rescued after the family dog followed her, stayed by her side overnight and then helped searchers to find her. The girl, Aurora, wandered off from her family’s remote rural home in Queensland at about 3pm on Friday. She was followed into the bush by the family’s pet, Max, a 17-year-old partially deaf and blind cattle dog, which stayed beside her for 16 hours as the temperature dropped and rain fell. The pair apparently sheltered under a rock. In the morning, about 100 emergency workers and local volunteers set off at first light to try to find Aurora. She was discovered at about 7.30am after Leisa Marie Bennett, the girl’s grandmother, heard her crying faintly from the top of a mountain, about a mile from home. “When I heard her yell ‘Grammy’ I knew it was her,” Ms Bennett told ABC News. “I shot up the mountain... and when I got to the top, the dog came to me and led me straight to her. He never left her sight.” Kelly Benston, Ms Bennett’s partner, wrote on Facebook that Aurora was found with a “few scratches from brush but wasn’t even scared”. Following the rescue, Queensland’s police force named Max an honorary police dog. By Henry Samuel in Paris POLICE have recovered a stolen 16th century gold case containing the heart of the only woman to have twice been crowned queen of France. Thieves broke in to the Thomas-Dobrée Museum in Nantes earlier this month, making off with the 6in oval case containing the heart of Anne of Brittany, despite setting off an alarm. Local reports said that police had now found the reliquary, which was crafted in 1514, along with a statuette and gold coins at an unspecified location not far from nearby Saint-Nazaire. Two men in their early twenties have been arrested and charged with “association with criminals” and “theft of cultural assets”. Two other suspects are at large. The reliquary, topped by a gold crown with nine fleurs-de-lis, the French royal motif, is considered a mas- terpiece. It has been displayed at the museum for more than 130 years. The relic has huge symbolic value in the region as Queen Anne defended the autonomy of Brittany, then a duchy linked by treaty to France and often referred to as “Little Britain”. Anne married Charles VIII of France in 1491, ascending the throne as queen consort at the age of 12. After he died without an heir in 1498, she married Louis XII a year later. The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 24 April 2018 *** 17 18 *** Tuesday 24 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph A Comment Be it ever so humble, there really is no place like loam To order prints or signed copies of any Telegraph cartoon, go to telegraph.co.uk/ prints-cartoons or call 0191 603 0178 readerprints@ telegraph.co.uk ALICE VINCENT A ccording to Kathryn Bradley-Hole, the outgoing Gardens Editor of Country Life magazine, we are in a golden age of gardening. To those of you with a carefully nurtured back yard or a well-tended allotment, this may come as no surprise. But – lovely as your lawns may be – you’re not the only ones driving the trend. It’s a more unlikely bunch: younger, metropolitan, able to name you three different avocado-based meals. I know, because I am one: a garden-obsessed millennial, who moved several miles away from a Tube stop in order to get custodianship of a balcony. People like me – those with little homes, barely any outside space and endless digital demands – find the same solace in growing things that gardeners always have, even if we don’t have the ground to do it in. I taught myself the rudiments of horticulture – light, exposure, seasons and patience – in four square metres of north-facing, windswept concrete. Now, happily graduated onto my second balcony, I continue to delight in the challenges that occur when one can’t even take soil for granted. Vertical planting, indoor LED lighting, getting windowsills put in specifically for germination – these are the things I have resorted to for the satisfaction of growing plants. As a container gardener, you have to be inventive. I strung up chicken wire against a brick wall for sweet peas. Last year’s tomato crop emerged from a Bag for Life, which was then folded down and stashed away for this summer. At last year’s RHS Chelsea Flower Show I found Kate Gould’s City Living Garden (which took home a Gold medal) the most inspiring, because she proved that three different types of garden could fit into one urban home. Luckily there’s plenty of inspiration out there for modern gardeners. Instagram has been integral to my own gardening journey – I set up a plant-based Instagram account, @noughticulture, and found myself immersed in a world where people such as Monty Don and New Perennials master Piet Oudolf share their daily gardening snaps, while indoor gardening gurus such as Gardener’s World’s James Wong enthuse about tiny, foliagepacked troughs bringing much-needed calming greenery into rented flats. The new vogue for house plants, in particular, has sparked a wave of horticultural ingenuity – and anyone who’s scared of garden centres can find house plants for sale in Urban Outfitters on the high street. I like to think that this recent boom in gardening is happening because some of us are proving it can be accessible. You don’t need an acre of land or a healthy bank balance to develop green fingers, just a little gumption and an open mind. But really, the primary reason I keep growing in the face of ignorance, error and vine weevil is because it makes me feel good. If I’ve had a wearying commute, a frustrating day at work or a bad night’s sleep, five minutes tending to the plants delivers a muchneeded meditation, every time. And maybe, in our increasingly hectic lives, that’s where we find ourselves putting our best creative energies. Alice Vincent is the author of How to Grow Stuff: Easy, no-stress gardening for beginners (Ebury, £12.99) FOLLOW Alice Vincent on Twitter @alice_emily; READ MORE at telegraph.co.uk/opinion The Conservatives can yet avoid Labour’s customs union traps Jeremy Corbyn coming to power would be worse for the United Kingdom than any aspect of Brexit WILLIAM HAGUE T heresa May and the Conservatives have had a better few months. While the Windrush debacle has been deeply embarrassing for all concerned, the Government has nevertheless proved to be stronger and more competent than many detractors allowed. In rallying most western countries into a joint and massive expulsion of Russian intelligence officers, ministers pulled off a considerable diplomatic success. Their response to the use of chemical weapons in Syria was well-judged and left Labour divided and floundering. Recent months have also seen a competent budget and the maintenance of reasonable economic confidence despite all the uncertainties of Brexit. Many aspects of the EU withdrawal agreement have been nailed down in a constructive spirit. The Tories are even credited with a small poll lead. Yet it would be very easy for this hard-earned progress to be lost in short order, and for the Government soon to be in the midst of an existential crisis. For in the next two months, the Brexit process reaches a crossroads where the irreconcilable requirements of assuaging business sentiment, securing future trading freedom and maintaining an open border with Ireland meet and have to be sacrificed, amended or assured. The question of whether the UK stays in a Customs Union with the EU is integral to all those issues, and thus is becoming the fundamental and decisive controversy. By June, a solution to the Irish border issue will either be in sight, or the whole prospect of a Brexit deal will again be in doubt. And by then, the Government will have been unable to avoid a series of occasions on which the Commons considers a Customs Union, with no guarantee at all that Theresa May’s policy of leaving it can command a majority. Unless the Conservatives find a disciplined and collective way through this, these problems will feed on each other. The prospect of Government defeats in parliament will embolden EU negotiators to take a harder line; no solution to the Irish border acceptable to the UK will be agreed; a majority of the Commons might then vote for a Customs Union; many pro-Brexit Tories would say they cannot abide by that; and the conduct of the negotiations and credible government becomes almost or actually impossible. It’s a grim but plausible scenario. Avoiding this requires, first of all, discipline at the top of government. Weekend reports of a Number 10 adviser saying they “wouldn’t be crying into their beer” if defeated on the Customs Union and suggesting that “only” Boris Johnson and Liam Fox would quit if the policy changed are the sort of thing that can bring catastrophe. Nothing undermines a leader more than the idea taking hold that you don’t mind having something imposed on you, because from then on everyone will try to impose their view in a free-for-all. Most of all, however, it requires other Tories consciously to avoid the elephant traps so obviously prepared for them – traps designed to bring down the entire Government or to humiliate Britain in the negotiations. The first has been prepared by the Labour Party, by saying they will join rebel Tories in voting to insist on a Customs Union. The sole motivation of Jeremy Corbyn for doing this is to get into power, since he has shown no evidence of believing in it and has no credible policy to bring it about on the conditions he has set. The wise response of the Tory MPs being offered such “support” would be to say: “We are trying to persuade our colleagues but will not be used to bring down our own Government and replace it with the most extreme Left-wing administration in our history. We will state our case but not break our party.” The EU itself has fashioned a more elaborate trap for Brexiteer MPs. By rejecting out of hand British proposals for handling the Irish border, they can tip the harder-line Conservative MPs and ministers into opposing Theresa May’s attempts at compromise, such as a “customs partnership”. With no compromise agreed, Britain will increasingly be forced to the back-stop position agreed to last December, that regulations in Northern Ireland have to be kept aligned with the Republic. And since we cannot accept an economic border down the Irish Sea, that means all of the UK aligned with the EU, even after we’ve left it. The way to dodge this trap is to say: “We will bend over backwards to solve the Irish border question, even if we have to agree customs procedures on manufactured goods which are pretty FOLLOW William Hague on Twitter @WilliamJHague; READ MORE at telegraph.co.uk/ opinion close to being in a customs union, because otherwise the whole idea of Brexit is going to lose its point. And we too will not be used to break up our Government.” In other words, everyone now has to choose the lesser of evils. In these pages a few weeks ago, I drew attention to the attractions of a “partial customs union”, as set out in a paper from the Institute of Directors. Alternatives, such as the plans put forward by UK negotiators for charging different customs duties depending on the destination of goods crossing the border are more complex but also a serious attempt to find an answer. What is crucial, though, is that political chaos on the Tory side would be much worse than any of these ideas. As a Conservative, I can accept Brexit without a customs union, or Brexit with a partial one, but I can’t accept that any Tory should make this issue unmanageable for a Prime Minister who has been doing her level best to guide the country through this very complicated process. Any real prospect of the Labour leadership coming to power would be worse for business, investment, confidence, jobs – not to mention the western alliance – than any aspect of leaving the EU. Britain can prosper in or out of the EU. It has no hope of doing so with a Marxist-led government. So as the debates of the next few weeks gather pace, sounding so technical over border procedures and customs, remember what is really going on. For Labour, this is the vehicle to bring down the Government. For some in Brussels, it might very well be that too. No Tory should give them the chance. They should see the traps, and, for the country’s sake, watch where they’re walking. Canada would never cede trade control Our relationship with the US is similar to the UK’s with the EU: our priority is sovereignty in all its forms MICHAEL TAUBE S hould the UK leave the EU Customs Union? As a Canadian, it’s not my job to decide. But given that my country’s economic relationship with its closest trading partner, the United States, is regularly compared with that of the UK to the EU, Canada’s experience could still be of use to our British friends. And one thing is clear: whatever the claimed benefits, we would never dream of entering a customs union with the US. While they are effective, this isn’t because the current border arrangements are perfect. Canada and the US have a free trade deal, and make use of some of the technological solutions now being proposed for the Irish border, but wait times can be lengthy and frustrating, depending on the volume of traffic. There are restrictions on goods and services that can be purchased and taken across the Canada-US border, too. It’s not because Canada is protectionist, either. Far from it. The country supports capitalism and free markets; it has signed various trade deals, including the North American Free Trade Agreement in 1994. Nevertheless, despite suggestions over the years that Canada should integrate further with the US – join a customs union, even adopt a single currency – it’s not going to happen. And the reason is simple: notwithstanding the current US president’s attitudes to trade, my country wants to maintain some degree of sovereignty to ensure it can always determine its economic fate, as well as its own particular character. The US is our largest trading partner, but there is a political consensus that it would be unwise to place limitations on our ability to build global economic ties, that Canada needs diverse economic relationships to thrive. That’s why former Prime Minister Stephen Harper, a Tory, and current Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, a Liberal, both worked towards a free trade deal with the EU (which will remove roughly 98 per cent of all tariffs), and supported a trans-Pacific trade deal, too. A customs union with the US would severely handicap Canada’s ability to take advantage of economic opportunities and enhance trade liberalisation. One of the arguments in favour of a customs union is that it would remove the threat of a trade war and, admittedly, crippling tariffs have caused their fair share of problems with respect to Canada-US trade relations. Our countries have fought over duties and levies related to the car industry and softwood lumber. The NAFTA renegotiation process almost hit a stumbling block recently when it became unclear whether Canada and Mexico would be exempt from US-imposed steel and aluminum tariffs. (Both nations have been excluded for the time being.) Donald Trump is frustrated by Canada’s protectionism towards its dairy and poultry industries. But the other way of looking at this is that, if Canada and the US can’t find common ground on tariffs between each other, it would be just as difficult to find common ground with respect to tariffs on other countries. And if Britain remained in the EU Customs Union, it wouldn’t even have a seat at READ MORE at telegraph.co.uk/ opinion the table deciding these things. Finally, the border is a matter of politics, not just economics. Since 9/11, security concerns have reduced the free flow of goods and services. While the Canadian side believes in strong security measures, we’re more relaxed in the way we look at particular issues. Marijuana will be legalised in Canada later this year, for instance, and that’s led some US politicians to call for stricter border regulations against Canadians who may have smoked pot. Hence, a customs union couldn’t be established, and wouldn’t be desirable, because Canada and the US look at politics, economics and culture in different ways. We’re close friends, allies and trading partners, and hopefully always will be, but we’re not a symbiotic creature like the Borg from Star Trek. Our differences are profound and will always remain so. There may be aspects of Canada-US trade relations that Britain emulates post-Brexit. When it comes to the EU Customs Union, the view from Canada is that it would be politically and economically beneficial for Mrs May to get Britain out as quickly as possible. Michael Taube was an aide to former Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 24 April 2018 ** 19 Letters to the Editor Brexit about freedom – not restrictions F or a few weeks, Westminster’s preoccupation with Brexit was supplanted by the diplomatic and military implications of the Salisbury poisoning outrage and the use of chemical weapons in Syria. Inevitably, however, the gravitational pull of the UK’s decision to leave the EU has reasserted itself. With only 11 months left to the official Brexit Day, the end game is starting to be played out in Parliament. The chosen battleground is the customs union – whether we should stay in one with the EU and, if we don’t, what happens about the border in Northern Ireland. Those who have tried to keep track of the increasingly Byzantine discussions on this issue have cause to wonder what is going on. The Conservatives promised in their manifesto last year to leave the customs union. Labour, at least until recently, said it would do likewise. The two parties between them secured more than 80 per cent of the vote last June; so why is it still being debated? In addition, the Commons has twice voted decisively to leave the customs union. On the most recent occasion, an amendment to the EU Withdrawal Bill was defeated by 322 votes to 99. Yet last week the subject was resurrected by the House of Lords and, on Thursday, MPs will debate a Labour motion calling for some sort of customs arrangement to be established after Brexit. While this is non-binding, a further set of votes next month will force the Government’s hand if it is defeated. Number 10 has insisted that the policy remains intact and that the UK will leave any form of customs union. But with no guaranteed majority in the Commons, this is not something Mrs May can be certain of delivering. Her fate – and that of Brexit in any meaningful sense – will be in the hands of a dozen or so Remain Tory MPs who have signalled their support for staying in a customs union. The main reason they give is to fulfill Mrs May’s promise not to introduce “physical infrastructure” on the frontier between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. But we are in danger of becoming stuck in a definitional morass. We are not establishing a border between the two countries. There has been one since partition in 1921. To ensure the integrity of the border with the EU is not compromised, it should be possible to work out technical arrangements, whether through trusted trader schemes, small business exemptions, in-country checks and mutual recognition agreements to cover most goods traffic that would ensure seamless trade. Most of this can be done using new technology like barcode ID, automatic number plate recognition cameras and all the other commonplace paraphernalia of modern life. These only constitute a “hard border” if they are defined as such. The Government should stop doing so. This issue is being used by those who want to keep us in the EU and by Brussels negotiators to stymie Brexit or to force the UK into a deal which would not be in its national interest. Staying in a customs union would mean Britain could not strike its own trade deals and would be subject to whatever the EU negotiated. Conservative MPs were elected on a manifesto promising to leave the customs union and cannot in all conscience now vote the other way. They need to consider, too, the ramifications of defeating the Government on this issue. It is not just a minor technical matter but goes to the heart of what Brexit is all about – the freedom to make our own decisions on who we trade with, who crosses our borders and who sets our laws. A cheering birth T he birth of a baby son to the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge has cheered the nation. Like the sudden arrival of spring it is a welcome antidote to the idiocies and perils of politics. Everyone but a curmudgeon is curious about the arrival of the 8lb 7oz prince, fifth in line to the throne. Curiosity was soon rewarded with a glimpse of the little child in his mother’s arms as the Duchess left hospital, supported by the proud father. But there are about 100,000 third children born in this country each year, and we hear little enough about any not closely related to us. The royal baby is different. That is not wrong, and it is no offence against equality. Indeed, on the narrow question of sexual equality, this is the first baby boy in line to the throne not to supplant his elder sister in the succession. But there is a much bigger point about why most British people are rightly delighted by the royal birth. The unrivalled authority on the English constitution, Walter Bagehot, had an inkling about the reason. “A princely marriage,” he wrote, “is the brilliant edition of a universal fact, and, as such, it rivets mankind.” What goes for the marriage of a prince (William, say, or Harry) goes for a prince’s birth. Of course Bagehot, deep as he was in constitutional law, was a bit of a showman. He pictured a whole royal family on the throne, as it were. Perhaps he went too far. Victoria was a loved monarch, as is our own Queen, but Victoria’s uncles were a mixed bunch and so were her offspring. No, today we are blessed with a monarch beyond our deserts, and to the Crown our Armed Services, police and public servants swear loyalty. We rejoice in the birth of a royal baby because it is a baby of all the realm, sharing our prosperity, liberties and hopes. A happy royal birthday SIR – I welcome the insistence by No 10 that the Government will honour its manifesto pledge to leave the customs union. This may be in a different league from tuition fees, but as any Lib Dem will tell you, the price of taking the electorate for fools and reneging on an explicit promise is catastrophic. Perhaps for them to be able to claim they helped force the Conservatives to betray the majority who voted Leave would be their ultimate revenge. Lord Shinkwin London SW1 SIR – What marvellous timing – a royal birth on St George’s Day. William Haly London SW6 SIR – Where MPs are attempting to sabotage Brexit, it is time for Conservative constituency committee members to put the interests of the nation before loyalty to an individual. These people won their seats on a manifesto which explicitly promised to leave the customs union. To seek to defeat the Government on this issue now is a negation of democracy. Colin Bullen Tonbridge, Kent We accept letters by post, fax and email only. Please include name, address, work and home telephone numbers. 111 Buckingham Palace Road, London SW1W 0DT FAX 020 7931 2878 EMAIL dtletters@ telegraph.co.uk FOLLOW Telegraph Letters on Twitter @LettersDesk SIR – Why are the Lords in their palace still trying to influence Brexit? They are all unelected and the main point of Brexit is to get out from under all unelected politicians, is it not? John Cooper Minehead, Somerset home industries and services, France and Germany being among the worst offenders. Being outside and free to define our economic structure will benefit the majority in this country. David James Chaddesley Corbett, Worcestershire SIR – I listened to Ken Clarke MP yesterday on Today arguing in favour of remaining in the EU customs union. I am fed up with the BBC waking him up in the morning to wheel him out as the arch remoaner. He refuses to accept that David Cameron made it very clear before the referendum that a vote to leave meant leaving the single market and the customs union. He also continues to refer to the EU as the largest free trade area in the world. If only. The EU is in fact the world’s largest protectionist economy, maintaining high external tariff barriers for all imported goods, raising costs for all citizens and impeding growth in the economy. Even inside the EU most countries maintain non-tariff barriers to protect SIR – When one considers the EU negotiators’ intransigent attitude towards Brexit negotiations, the saying “Where there’s a will, there’s a way” springs to mind. It is clear that they do not have either. Anthony Haslam Farnham, Surrey SIR – Jeremy Corbyn must be tickled pink, as it were, that the Duchess of Cambridge laboured to produce another royal heir on St George’s Day, the very day he proposes as a new public holiday. If granted his wish that April 23 should annually be “a celebration of our country’s tradition”, he can be sure it will be a right royal celebration. Sandra Miles-Taylor Downderry, Cornwall SIR – As the EU plans to take between £35 billion and £39 billion from the British taxpayer on our departure (an amount desperately needed to fill its coffers), and wishes to continue to sell us £314billion of goods and services annually, with Britain sustaining a trade deficit of £82 billion, why do we act like the supplicant? Pauline Coleman Painswick, Gloucestershire SIR – I am delighted that the Duchess has given birth to a baby boy, but astounded that the BBC reported the weight in pounds and ounces. This is a bad lapse by the Corporation, normally determined to bring the entire nation under the metrication thumb. Bill Soens Ormskirk, Lancashire Talkative tables Bishop Bell cleared SIR – That the Sussex Police have now dropped their second investigation into alleged paedophilia on the part of the late Bishop George Bell (report, April 23) is wonderful news, especially to the people of Chichester, whose spiritual leader he was for nearly 30 years. The Archbishop of Canterbury (with the present bishop of Chichester, the Rt Rev Martin Warner) must surely now apologise comprehensively for their continued smearing of Bell’s reputation in recent months. Sad to say, not one currently serving bishop of the Church of England was brave enough to challenge Archbishop Welby’s position on the subject. Since 26 bishops, including the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Bishop of Chichester, are among our legislators as members of the House of Lords, that’s a deeply depressing thought. Tim Hudson Chichester, West Sussex SIR – The many people disappointed by Archbishop Welby’s nonacceptance of the independent report by Lord Carlile into the Bishop Bell case and by his insistence that the late bishop was still “under a significant cloud”, will be much cheered by your front-page news. That the police are not pursuing the latest allegation must bring us to the time when, nationally, the Archbishop will, if not apologise, at least recant the besmirching of Bishop Bell. At diocesan level, surely this is a perfect moment to restore Chichester’s memorials to Bishop Bell, in particular George Bell House. Christopher Hoare Chichester, West Sussex Carry on casting BRIDGEMANIMAGES established 1855 Voters won’t forgive breaking manifesto pledge to leave customs union Not the only way: ‘Essex – Quicker by Train’, a poster for LNER by Tom Purvis, from 1933 Strong loyalty to the historic counties endures sir – The 1974 local government reform did not abolish the traditional county (report, April 23). It simply set up administrative regions that confusingly became called “counties”. This ignored the feelings of those of us who were proud of our county history and, at the same time, created lots of anomalies, especially here in the Palatine County of Lancashire. Lancashire Cricket Club and several teams in the Lancashire League do not play in the 1974 administrative “Lancashire”. Southport is in Merseyside but is on the Ribble, not the Mersey, estuary. Perhaps the silliest effect of the 1974 administrative regions being confused with real counties is some addresses. The post code of our home is WA3, placing it in Warrington, Cheshire. The post office at which we may pick up mail for this address is in Earlstown, Merseyside. We are administered by Wigan Metro, Greater Manchester. But we are Lancastrians – and proud of it. Dr Malcolm Greenhalgh Lowton, Lancashire sir – There are many reasons why people continue to use historic county names. One is that the names of many local newspapers continue unchanged – so we have the Cumberland News and the Westmoreland Gazette, both published in Cumbria. The main reason however, is the fact that in 2013, Eric Pickles, as Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government, formally recognised and acknowledged the continued existence of England’s 39 historic counties. Peter Froggatt Dorking, Surrey Closing fast food outlets is a fat lot of good SIR – The nurse pictured (above left) with Sid James in Carry on Doctor (1967) on yesterday’s Letters page was played by the actress Valerie Van Ost, not June Jago (above right), who played Sister Hoggett. I know because Valerie is a friend of ours and she hasn’t changed a bit after 51 years. Ann Saunders Petersfield, Hampshire SIR – The Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health wants fast food outlets banned within 400 yards of every school in the country, to tackle the obesity epidemic (report, April 23). The authors of such reports may be well educated but seem to have no idea about the lives of the people they try to save from themselves. There is no part of our lives that recent governments have felt they cannot interfere in, nudging us to do the right thing, according to their criteria. If that fails, they legislate to stop our nasty habits. The only way to deny youngsters fast food without inconveniencing everybody else who lives near a school would be to restrict the sale by age, as with tobacco. But for some schoolchildren these places are their only source of supper. Not all parents cook for their children. But I guess the authors of the report do not know this. Margie Haynes Colchester, Essex SIR – Wynne Weston-Davies (Letters, April 21) is right: round tables are a curse. I know it is a “first-world problem”, but I have suffered many evenings and wedding receptions placed between my husband (whom I love but see every day) and another person, often a complete stranger, sometimes a bit deaf. With a large table, flowers and candles, and a low ceiling that produces a high ambient noise level, conversation becomes hard work. The perfect table is small and narrow, with just enough space for essentials – preferably two or three seats each side and one each end. Result: a merry conversation. Stephanie Webster Woking, Surrey Cameron’s short story SIR – One can imagine David Cameron, the former prime minister, in his shepherd’s hut, lost for words for his autobiography (report, April 23). Let me help. Chapter One – The Referendum. “I’m sorry.” The End. Mark Peaker Hong Kong SIR – Mr Cameron’s delay in completing his autobiography is said to have been caused by “writer’s block”. Surely this is a problem which only bedevils creators of fiction? Lindsay Jones Poole, Dorset Latest shopping trend SIR – Jemima Lewis (Comment, April 20) writes of the convenience of Amazon, buying goods online one day and having them delivered the next. In the Welsh borders we do things better. If we need something, we get in the car, motor to Wrexham or Chester (both five miles away), buy what we choose and are home within the hour. No waiting around for delivery men. No trips to the post office to return items of the wrong colour or of the wrong size. Superbly convenient. Sarah C Fontes Rossett, Denbighshire Stirring spectacle SIR – I would strongly advise readers not to use pencils to stir their coffee and tea (Letters, April 21). Whenever a teaspoon is not available, I use an arm of my spectacles. Diana Crook Seaford, East Sussex Social media is a public health emergency Governments must embrace the inevitable and regulate the web as they do alcohol and cigarettes TIM STANLEY EY D o you know what will eventually do for social media? The health issue: it’s killing us, mind and body. As I predicted that on Sky News the other day, it occurred to me that, in a previous decade I would’ve said it with a cigarette on the go, the interviewer pausing to offer me a light. But just as health scares stopped smoking in public, so social media will eventually become a taboo, even a matter for state regulation. I for one will be very happy. I wish we could uninvent it altogether. Not a week goes by without another story of its deficiencies. Martin Lewis, the consumer campaigner, is suing Facebook: he says at least 50 fake ads appeared on the platform using his name, causing reputational damage. Good for Mr Lewis. Mark Zuckerberg is as responsible for what’s posted on his site as I would be for permitting racist haikus to be painted on my roof, and it’s time to stop passing the buck. We’ve had the conversation about how individual users need to learn to be nicer online and, thanks to other legal actions, we’re slowly getting there – but there will always be extremists, fake news and frauds, and these platforms ought to have found a better way of weeding them out by now. They insist they’re trying their best and that it’s awfully hard – but as Mr Lewis says, their business model militates against doing what it takes. He’s right. Why wouldn’t these sites want to stick to a Wild West model that keeps costs low while maximising profit? There is always a gap between the invention of something and its regulation, in which it is argued that it’s too ingenious, too dynamic to be controlled by politicians who don’t understand it (and, yes, most of them don’t). Social media is the 21st century equivalent of the railroad or pharmaceutical pioneers, who also warned that, if you regulate them, it would kill them. We did. It didn’t. They just became safer, and evolved from industries that were wholly speculative to those with a more fixed, responsible relationship to the rest of society. This process is so historically commonplace, you might almost call it inevitable. The question isn’t when social media will be brought to heel but by what. As Mrs Lovejoy cries in The Simpsons: “Won’t somebody please think of the children?” Step forward, Jeremy Hunt. The Health Secretary says that he asked the social media companies six months ago to discuss improving the mental health of kids who use social media, but that almost nothing has been done. Now he’s threatening legislation. Mr Hunt is concerned with enforcing age restrictions, tackling cyber-bullying and limiting screen time. The best of what he’s calling for isn’t censorship of content, which would be a violation of everyone’s civil liberties, but controls on access, which we apply selectively all the time to obviously bad things. Smoking isn’t outlawed – we just say three-year-olds can’t do it. Drinking alcohol is perfectly legal – we just ask you don’t imbibe before driving a bus. The internet meets all the necessary qualifications for control of exposure: it is addictive, is linked to rising levels of depression, and we all know that sitting hunched over a screen all day swiping right is bad for the body. The counter argument is that we should control the use of social media by us and our children; that we must exercise a bit of discipline. I’d agree but for the unusual thing about computer technology: we cannot escape the damned thing. Even as an adult who has conquered smoking and a dangerous addiction to wargaming, I’ve found it near impossible not to be sucked into social media, which I’m required to be on by my job (otherwise, I’d delete my accounts and throw my phone in the river). How can I expect children to avoid its temptations when all their friends are on it and schools – for some eccentric reason – actively teach and encourage the use of electronic devices? To ask parents to regulate an evil that the rest of society is pushing down our throats is a bit rich. There is thus something absurd about executives at the tech giants announcing that they limit their own children’s access to social media – not only because it smacks of hypocrisy but because we all know such discipline is near-impossible now. Their kids will be on Facebook. They’re all on Facebook, even if you don’t know it. Some day, the puritanism of the Silicon Valley elites will catch on. Restaurants will ban the use of iPhones at the table. When drunk and in the mood, we’ll have to pop outside the pub to stand in the street and have a cheeky Tweet. But governments do need to take a lead, both for the sake of public health and to confront monopolies that exercise far too much power. For writing this column, I will be accused of advancing censorship, but make no mistake: social media is in the mindbending business, too. It is dominated by the Left and, enjoying an astonishing reach right into your homes and schools, is pushing a liberal cultural agenda that will, in time, do as much damage as the internet has done to our spines and self-esteem. We are reaching a historical moment when the state must play nanny and say: “Switch it off, children – and go outside.” FOLLOW Tim Stanley on Twitter @tim stanley; READ MORE at telegraph.co.uk/opinion 20 Tuesday 24 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph *** Puzzles, mind games and Telegraph Toughie Puzzles Test your wits with our famous crosswords puzzles.telegraph.co.uk UZ Z L E S P Enjoy all your favourite puzzles online If you haven’t joined yet, try our free trial now at puzzles.telegraph.co.uk 1. 3. LIVING FEATURES The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 24 April 2018 *** 21 Shane Watson Why we all have a marriage crush Page 22 FEATURE MONEY DAVID ROSE FOR THE TELEGRAPH; GETTY IMAGES ‘Secret’ billionaire Meet the British businessman who’s given away £1 bn Page 23 ARTS ‘This statue has a bigger story to tell’ Robert Trevino ‘I have this sense I’m going to die young Page 27 As Parliament Square gets its first female statue, after a Telegraph campaign, Rosa Silverman talks to its creator Gillian Wearing Getting together Pooling resources makes sense Page 25 W hat might aliens think of British society if they landed in our capital city and judged us by our civic statues alone? It is a question that has long troubled Justine Simons, London’s deputy mayor for culture and creative industries, who quips: “They’d conclude that we mainly travel around on horseback and that we’re all blokes.” Perhaps not for much longer. Today, the first statue of a woman in Parliament Square will be unveiled. A bronze of the suffragist leader Millicent Fawcett, it was created by Gillian Wearing; a Turner Prizewinning artist and also now the first woman to have produced a statue in the historic square. To date, the area directly opposite our seat of democracy – and one of London’s main tourist attractions – has been home to 11 statues of men, all designed by men. The monument came about following a campaign by activist Caroline Criado Perez (who had previously lobbied to put Jane Austen on the new £10 note) and The Daily Telegraph, which published an open letter to Sadiq Khan, the London Mayor, in May 2016. It called for a statue celebrating suffrage to be placed in Parliament Square in 2018 to mark the centenary of the Representation of the People Act, which gave some women in Britain Votes for women: artist Gillian Wearing, above, poses with the maquette of her bronze statue of suffragist Millicent Fawcett, below the vote for the first time, and was backed by Emma Watson, J K Rowling and others. Wearing, a feminist who has previously described her working method as “editing life”, declares herself to have been surprised by the lack of female statues. “Until someone launched a campaign, it wasn’t going to organically appear,” she says. “Women form half the population yet there’s no representation.” Ahead of the anticipated unveiling, in a small room near the top of City Hall, she has met Simons – chairman of the Suffragette Statue Commission that selected her as the woman for the job – to look back at the journey that started in The Telegraph and has led them to this point. Wearing, 54, who is dressed in Barbour jacket, jeans and trainers, admits she was “amazed” to have been selected. One of the so-called Young British Artists who dominated the art scene in the Nineties, she is known for her conceptual pieces and, she says, had “never actually done historical work. I didn’t imagine I was going to get [the commission] to be honest. I thought I wouldn’t be in the running. Then I got a call to say I was on the shortlist – and was the only one on the shortlist – and that was fantastic.” For Simons and her team, Wearing’s status as a contemporary artist made her all the more suitable for the job. “A lot of the bronze pieces Continued on page 22 22 Tuesday 24 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph *** LIVING MODERN LIFE S H A N E WAT S O N CONTINUED FROM PAGE 21 you see, there’s not much contemporary perspective on them,” Simons reflects. The challenge for Wearing, then, was to create something for a historical square already populated with historical pieces (other statues there include Winston Churchill, Mahatma Gandhi, Benjamin Disraeli and Nelson Mandela), and make it relevant. The resulting bronze “really did nail that”, says Simons. Fawcett, who led the movement for women’s suffrage in Britain, has been cast with a banner in her hands. “Courage calls to courage everywhere,” read the words inscribed upon it, taken from a speech she gave following the death of Emily Wilding Davison, who was trampled by King George V’s horse at the Epsom Derby in 1913. Why this slogan in particular? “It’s open-ended, so it can make you think about your own perspective,” says Wearing. “You want to bring people in and not make them feel as if they’re distant to it. I think ‘courage calls to courage’ opens up your imagination and makes you think about what it can mean, but it’s also GREATER LONDON AUTHORITY; DAVID ROSE FOR THE Couple crushes We’ve moved on from wanting to marry that single celebrity to wanting to know all about their perfect marriages ‘I hope it makes people feel this is how movements can bring about change’ a rallying cry,” she adds. Not only this, but it brings into the mix the suffragettes. “Millicent was anti-militant, but she wrote those words after Davison’s death and it was her way of acknowledging that the suffragettes were also very important,” says Wearing. “Including them on the banner was a way of acknowledging both the suffragettes and suffragists.” Controversy surrounded the choice of Fawcett for the statue, with some calling for a more recognisable figure such as Sylvia Pankhurst – a leader of the suffragette movement, which was willing to use violence in the fight for the vote. Fawcett, by contrast, was a suffragist who founded the National Union of Women’s Suffrage and preferred to lobby peacefully. Those behind the statue have argued that her tireless work represents the long, arduous battle for the 1918 Act – and subsequent 1928 Act, giving every woman in Britain the vote and which Fawcett only just lived to see, dying in 1929 aged 82. Yet, this is not a monument to just one woman; it is intended to represent Fawcett’s individual courage as part of a collective struggle. Look at the plinth and you History in the making: Sadiq Khan, the London mayor, visits the Fine Art Foundry where the Millicent Fawcett statue is being made, above; artist Gillian Wearing with Justine Simons, the deputy mayor for culture and the creative, below will see a border, around the top, composed of 59 laser-etched images of other women and men who fought for the Representation of the People Act, which marked its centenary on February 6. This had not been the original plan. “There were so many different people involved,” explains Wearing. “I remember going away on a trip to Copenhagen and having a panic moment, thinking this is the only time we can have a lot of people commemorated in a public place and we’re just having suffragists, so it will feel like I’m leaving out a lot of people and there’s a bigger story to be told. This is my chance to be more inclusive. And that’s when I decided to incorporate suffragettes as well.” Back in the UK, she sat down with a team of experts and together they drew up a list. “It was so hard because it couldn’t include everyone, as the plinth is not huge,” she says. “But we tried to get a cross-section of different parts of Britain.” That includes one working-class suffrage speaker called Jessie Craigen, for whom no photograph exists. Her tile will be left blank. While Wearing insists that the most important thing about the statue “is it’s about Millicent Fawcett, the suffragists and suffragettes, and not about me” one subtle detail reflects her role as artist. For the hands clasping the banner are, in fact, her own. “When I was searching through photographs of Fawcett, looking for the right clothes and details, I noticed she had a similar wedding band to me,” says Wearing. “I thought, my hands are around a similar age – she was a little bit older than me at the age she’s portrayed – so I’ll use my hands.” The result is a powerful and evocative piece. What effect does Wearing hope it will have when seen by the public for the first time this week? “I hope it’s very inspiring,” she says. “I hope it makes people feel that this is how movements can come together and bring about change. In situations like these, you realise it has to be a large group of people that changes things; change doesn’t get handed to you on a plate.” As for Simons and those hypothetical aliens landing in London, she has high hopes for the power of Wearing’s statue to bring about a change of its own. “My hope is it starts a conversation about redressing the balance of gender in statues, and about visibility,” she says. “We need to see ourselves in these public spaces. Otherwise we’re only telling half a story.” ‘Which one of them cooks at home? Do they keep chickens, or ducks? Is he the grass cutter?’ D on’t know if you have noticed, but it is no longer the done thing to lust after single celebrities. Phwoar, Ryan Gosling, Chris Hemsworth, Emily Ratajkowski! Not any more. Now we have couple crushes. We have graduated from the days of “it could have been me” and “what does he see in her?”, to “don’t you love them and their lovely married lives?”. Amal Clooney is on the cover of American Vogue this month – that’s nice, of course, but 100 times better if husband George is in there, too (yes he is!) and it’s about the two of them. What we want to know is, which one of them cooks at home in Henley? Do they keep chickens, or ducks? Is he the grass cutter? What is “their” song, and can we get a look at their converted boathouse? If the Clooneys are the golden couple we drool over, we can’t actually imagine being them. That’s Emily Blunt and John Krasinski, currently starring in A Quiet Place, a film that’s getting a lot of attention at least partly because it features a couple we like the look of, who we would quite like to be (he directed her, so that’s like doing your marital advanced driving test). These two score extra crush points because he is American and she is English and we’re partial to the unexpected and slightly unequal pairing: him tall, beardy, not that famous; her beautiful, posh and witty. We like that he has said “I married up a and don’t I know it?” and that – after a false start with Michael Bublé – she had the common sense not to rush into the arms of a old Ben Affleck. any Coincidentally, we a also have a crush on her sister’s marriage, to Stanley Tucci, which has the hard-to-beat appeal of a mended broken heart (he was a w widower) and a shared lo of hearty cooking love (they wrote a cookbook together). And it doesn’t hurt that she is in publishing, not an actress who has meals delivered in miniature boxes. Oddly, you don’t need to have seen your couple crushes together in order to be a fan. We don’t even know what Chris Shaw looks like but, since Martha Kearney has been promoted to the Today programme, we’ve found out a lot about their relationship and now it’s slotted into our top 10, just below DJ Jo Whiley’s and one above Helen Mirren’s. If you wanted to break down the reasons for this, they would go something like: Martha and Chris fell in love at university, they went to punk gigs, they took a year out to travel in their 30s, he’s just paid for her to have a tattoo of a bee on her wrist at the age of 60. These are the kinds of details that inspire a couple crush. The little clues that reveal a rock-solid, enviable marriage. But we’re not stupid. There’s a big difference between being glued to a marriage, Truman Show style, and believing in it. We didn’t have an actual crush on Brangelina, or Gwyneth and Chris. We don’t care for the showoffs, the vow-renewers, the anniversary junkies or anyone in the business of “making memories”. And we can’t be pushed or persuaded. Some marriages, like Tom Hanks’s, look like good news but we haven’t got enough information to spark a devotion. Some, like the Cleggs’ or the Camerons’, tick the boxes, but it’s just never worked for us. And generally, you have to be mad about at least one of the couple. We don’t tire of couple crushes often. And we have a wish list of people we would really like to get back together – even though we know there is less than a snowball’s chance in hell – namely, Lindsey Buckingham (who has just left Fleetwood Mac) and Stevie Nicks. Perhaps we are a bit stupid sometimes. The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 24 April 2018 *** 23 FEATURES And my billionth pound goes to … T he story begins in a little room above a bakery in Toronto, where Garfield Weston was born in 1898. It was shortly afterwards that his father took him down to the shop floor for his first smell of bread, a magical aroma that must have had a profound impact: Weston grew up to turn his family’s modest business into an extraordinary global enterprise that now owns British retail icons Selfridges and Fortnum and Mason. Though clearly driven, Weston did not set out to make a vast fortune, and when he did – coming from a family with a deeply ingrained Protestant conscience – it made him deeply uncomfortable. “Great wealth… can destroy all those who have it,” he wrote in a letter to his children in the Fifties. “Or if they can wisely control it, I am sure it can bring great blessings in its distribution.” Weston’s idea was to give away 80 per cent of the family’s wealth to create the Garfield Weston Foundation, based in London, which is now 60 years old and today will give away its billionth – yes, billionth – pound. The Foundation has supported some of the most highprofile projects in British national life, giving millions toward the restoration of King Henry VIII’s warship The Mary Rose and the building of the British Museum’s Great Court, but the recipient of the billionth pound is to be a small charity set up by a group of teenagers in Evesham, Worcestershire, who have turned a derelict hut into a youth centre. “It’s absolutely the sort of thing we love best,” says Guy Weston, Garfield’s grandson and chairman of the Foundation’s trustees, “and the fact that it was set up by a bunch of enterprising teenagers is better still”. Ourside, which offers sexual health and financial advice to young people along with a sports club and café, is a small charity that was facing possible closure due to council cutbacks. It has been saved by a £70,000 grant from the Foundation (£20,000 a year over three years, plus £10,000 for core costs), news of which was greeted with elation. “There were definitely tears of joy,” says Carly Elwell, one of Ourside’s founders and chairman of the trustees. “Young people are under so much pressure today. We know in this area there are a lot of teenagers from low-income families who are not always looking after themselves and could easily be tempted to take drugs or get into trouble with the police. Ourside offers them support when they need it.” Even Weston probably could not have imagined his charitable enterprise reaching this point, though as his grandson Guy notes, sitting at the boardroom table in Mayfair where decisions about grants are hammered out between family members, “he thought very big”. Bolting together his business and philanthropic ventures, Weston created a unique structure, still controlled by his descendants. “It was inspired, because he gave away 80 per cent of the family’s wealth but put it in a form that actually held us together and made us concentrate on things that matter,” says Guy, 57. “It also secured the future of the business as it has a controlling shareholder that can take a long-term view of investments.” Guy has three sons and a daughter at university, and hopes that they will eventually follow the family tradition. Weston took over his father’s bakery during the Great Depression – he had served in France during the First World War – and developed an uncanny knack for spotting struggling businesses that he could acquire and nurture. In the Thirties, Weston settled in Britain, creating Associated British Foods PLC (whose brands ‘Great wealth… can destroy all those who have it. Or … it can bring great blessings’ Grand design: the Queen Elizabeth II Great Court of the British Museum CHRISTOPHER PLEDGER FOR THE TELEGRAPH; GETTY The wealthy Weston family decided to give away 80 per cent of its money. Margarette Driscoll hears why and what effect it’s had Early intervention: Guy Weston, above, with children from St Paul’s with St Michael’s School as part of the IntoUniversity programme in north London. Left, the Ourside charity in Evesham include Primark, Ryvita, Ovaltine and Twinings tea) naming part of his business Wittington Investments, after Wittington House, a beautiful, red-brick mansion near Marlow, Bucks, which became home. Later, he would give this to the Salvation Army. In the run-up to the Second World War he entered British politics, and was elected MP for Macclesfield. When more than a dozen fighter planes were shot down in the Battle of Britain, he gave £100,000 to replace them. During the Blitz, he set up canteens to feed Londoners using underground stations to shelter from the bombs. He had nine children, two of whom still serve as trustees at the Foundation: Galen Weston, who runs the Canadian side of the family food business and owner of Selfridges, and Camilla Dalglish, a former director of Fortnum and Mason. She remembers her father as “a dynamic and inspiring man” who was clearly determined to keep his children’s feet on the ground. Weston’s belief that great wealth can destroy is demonstrated all too frequently, most recently in the death of Matthew Mellon, the American banking heir who struggled for years with drug addiction and died last week of a suspected overdose. Though hugely wealthy, the Westons retain a very low profile. “I remember as a pre-teen polishing my brother’s shoes for 25 cents and all my life I’ve never been able to spend lots of money on myself,” she writes in a book being published to celebrate WO R K P L A C E FA B L E S THE CENTRALISING BOSS Businessman and writer Mark Price shares his workplace fables - true stories from the business frontline that can teach us lessons about career success T he new boss of Emporium surveyed her empire, marked out by coloured pins on the large map hanging on her office wall. The business had grown from a few shops to hundreds across the country, all selling different things. “Keep the head office small” had been the mantra for many decades. There had been boardroom tension as new members argued that there would be benefits in centralisation, and that head office should have more power and control. Eventually, those forces for change had brought in the new boss with a track record of working in highly centralised businesses. The Centralising Boss decided to start by setting up a customer service call centre and built a huge state-of-the-art site, signing a contract with a third party to provide “overflow” services to cope with demand during peak times. It wasn’t easy as the new call centre operators had not worked in the shops and needed to know what to do on nearly everything: vast sums were spent on IT and training. But staff in the Staff were less motivated as decisions were made far away shops began simply referring any complaining customers to the call centre, which made the service feel less personal and immediate. It was then decided that IT staff were still needed in each of the business units as they would have a better grasp of detail. But there were also heated arguments about how the IT budget was spent: more project managers were required and costs went up again, leading to speed and flexibility being lost. Over a number of years, costs increased tenfold. Sales were impacted as good people left, and the staff were less motivated as decisions were made far away from them. When the Centralising Boss left, she was credited with transforming the business, but profits were a fraction of what they once were. Moral of the tale: Centralisation is not necessarily more efficient or profitable Mark Price is author of Workplace Fables: 147 True Life Stories (£10.99, Stour Publishing). To order your copy for £8.99 plus p&p, call 0844 871 1514 or visit books. telegraph.co.uk Share your Workplace Fables and learn more about Mark’s mission to improve workplace happiness at engaging.works/ideas the foundation’s 60th anniversary. “My brother, Garry, was the same. He used to go on the London Underground all the time even though he could have had a car and chauffeur.” Weston died when Guy was just 18 years old, and his brother, George, runs the business. Almost all the other brothers, sisters and grandchildren are dotted around the brands or the foundation, to which Guy now devotes at least half his time. Thanks to the success of ABF, the Foundation was able to give grants totalling £63 million last year and expects to give away some £70 million this year. Guy studied at Oxford, so the transformation of the university’s Bodleian Library – with a gift of £25 million, the biggest single donation the foundation has made (towards total costs of £75 million) – was a project that meant a lot: “It was a building that one looked at and thought ‘Ugh, it’s so horrible’. Now it’s the beating heart of the city.” Major projects this year include the setting up of a fund that will enable major national galleries to lend masterpieces to their regional counterparts, “Dippy on tour”, the Natural History Museum’s famous diplodocus being taken to eight regions of the country, which is expected to attract some 90 million visitors, and a partnership with the Royal Horticultural Society to create a new garden in Salford. Guy spent last week observing the IntoUniversity programme at work at a centre in Hackney, where local primary schoolchildren were busy constructing models of volcanoes. Started in west London 16 years ago, it now has 20 local learning centres in some of the most disadvantaged areas in the UK, helped by grants from the foundation totalling almost £1 million. The charity believes in early intervention, hence its recent move into working with primary schoolchildren, and provides focused classes as a top-up to the regular school curriculum. It also offers academic mentors to guide and raise the aspirations of children from impoverished backgrounds. Last year, it worked with more than 25,000 young people, and 80 per cent of its school-leavers went on to university, compared with 22 per cent of students from a similar background. “It’s wonderful to be involved in something so worth supporting,” says Guy of the enterprise that – who knows? – could well produce the next generation’s Garfield Weston. anniversary.garfieldweston.org 24 *** Tuesday 24 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 24 April 2018 *** 25 MONEY How you can cash in by clubbing together H aving a child is expensive. Just how much it adds up to depends on where you live, how many holidays you take and whether you manage to convince grandparents to step in to cut nursery bills. On average, raising a child from birth to the age of 11 in Britain today will set you back around £60,000, according to data from Halifax. Other research suggests families in London will fork out more than £250,000 per child up to the age of 21. Add in private school fees, and the bill is in the region of half a million pounds. Whichever way you look at it, kids cost a lot of money. Luckily, a growing number of companies offer generous discounts when you club together. In some cases, multi-customer perks are not restricted to family members. Increasingly, digital firms let unrelated people operate as a “network” to spread the cost of a service. Telegraph Money has combed through the best of the deals – from trips out to dull-but-important insurance and wealth management. Investing Imbibe A “plus one” National Art Pass lets you take anyone you like A new breed of digital financial advisers are attempting to break the stranglehold of traditional wealth management firms. So-called “robo” advisers can cut costs by doing away with physical offices and simplifying investment choice. One firm, Netwealth, goes a step further by allowing friends and families to club together to cut fees. Wealth managers and fund shops, such as Hargreaves Lansdown, typically charge less the more money you invest. It is common for families to use the same company for all their Explore A family of 12 can enjoy a single National Trust membership The ability for families to create economies of scale has been lacking Travel Network Railcards drastically reduce fares for families Watch Netflix lets you watch films and series on four devices at once do not apply on travel before 10am during the week, apart from on public holidays. Some train companies allow railcards to be used on earlier trains – check websites before booking. The Family & Friends Railcard does work across the country, but can only be used with at least one child present. Travel Rail fares rise at the start of every year, almost always quicker than inflation. This year, regulated fares – most standard journeys and weekly season tickets – rose by 3.4pc. Frequent train users can take advantage of the Network Railcard, which costs £30 a year and is open to anyone over 16. The card takes a third off the price of your ticket and those of up to three adults travelling with you, and reduces the fares of up to four children by 60pc. The Family & Friends Railcard has the same perks and also costs £30 a year (or £70 for three years). The small print: despite Network Rail operating across Britain, its railcard only covers London and parts of south-east and south-west England. In addition, the discounts has a free version and a £9.99-a-month premium service that removes ads and allows offline downloads of songs. For £14.99 you can link up to six accounts, each with their own profile, as long as you live at the same address. ECONOMIES OF SCALE HOW COMPANIES REWARD YOU FOR BUYING IN BULK Days out Three generations of the Butler family invest together, saving thousands in fees RII SCHROER; GETTY; ALAMY; AP; NETFLIX Sharing with others can cut your costs. Sam Brodbeck picks out the best moneysaving deals for family and friends The National Trust oversees hundreds of miles of coastline and rural land, as well as more than 500 houses, castles, monuments, parks and nature reserves. Membership gives free entry and parking to National Trust land and properties. Memberships can even be used outside Britain in conjunction with certain National Trust partner organisations, including in New Zealand, Canada and Italy. Membership costs £69 a year, or £114 for a couple and £120 for a family, including two adults and up to 10 children or grandchildren (under 17). Over-60s who have held a membership for at least five of the past 10 years can apply for an additional 25pc discount on normal fees. The small print: to qualify for joint or family memberships, everyone must be living at the same address. Similarly, the National Art Pass gives free entry to more than 240 museums, galleries and historic houses and knocks 50pc off the price of entry to major exhibitions. Membership is £67 a year (£34 for under 26s), £99 for a couple and £110 for a family (with unlimited numbers of children under 16). Couples and families sharing memberships must be living at the same address. You can buy a £76 “plus one” pass, on top of your own, which allows you to share the benefits with anyone you like. Save 25pc on the first year of membership by paying by direct debit. The small print: you can claim Gift Aid when purchasing a pass, meaning charity Art Fund can claim back an extra 25p for every £1 you spend from the government at no extra cost to you. But Gift Aid cannot be claimed for lifetime memberships or if you buy the card as a gift for someone else. Entertainment Streaming service Netflix, producer of a rapidly growing list of hit shows including Grace and Frankie (pictured above) and House of Cards, offers three pricing plans. The basic service is £5.99 a month, rising to £7.99 to use the same account on an additional screen and £9.99 for up to four screens at once. Music streaming service Spotify accounts, but they are charged as individuals. Netwealth is different as it allows users to group their wealth into “networks” and be counted as one investor. That is what Nell Butler, 53, and her family (pictured, below left) have done. Three generations of her family invest through the service and are charged as if they are a single person – just 0.35pc a year, because the total invested is more than £500,000. Netwealth founder Charlotte Ransom said the Butlers save 1pc a year as a result, equating to around £75,000 in fees over 10 years. There are other family financial savings to be made, too. Most motor insurers offer multi-car discounts. Admiral, for instance, claims you can save up to £350. Friends and family are grouped together and each qualify for a multi-car discount. Education Fee-paying schools have long operated family discounts, as generations of the same family often attend the same school. Now higher education institutions are doing the same, recognising the pressure of £9,000-a-year fees on students. Buckingham, one of Britain’s few private universities, offers 5pc off tuition fees for family members, children and spouses of alumni. 26 Tuesday 24 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph *** rt market focus �olin leadell Comment telegraph.co.uk/opinion Exciting discovery of ‘new’ Van Dycks ith a joint fortune of £5.5 billion at stake, the marriage between W Bernie Ecclestone’s daughter, Petra, and the flamboyant businessman, James Stunt, made headlines when it ground to a halt this year. Among the assets is an impressive art collection, built by Stunt and ranging from Rembrandt to Picasso, with a focus on King Charles I’s favourite painter, Sir Anthony van Dyck. Whether it had anything to do with the divorce is not known but, last week, Stunt sold two of his Van Dycks at Christie’s in New York, where a double portrait of the Apostles St Paul and St Thomas achieved $468,500 (£336,000), and a portrait of the artist’s friend, François Langlois, $1.8 million (£1.3 million). Perhaps more interesting than who was selling, though, was the change in the attribution and price of these paintings since they were last sold at auction. Just over three years ago, when they were sold at Christie’s in London, the Apostles were catalogued as “Studio of Sir Anthony van Dyck” (ie by the hand of one of Egyptian art hottest in Islamic week This week is Islamic art sales week in London – always a ravishing display of art and artefacts from the Middle East. Kicking off early, last his studio assistants), with an estimate of £40,000. Clearly, more than one person thought they might be by the artist himself, as they eventually sold for £110,000 ($173,000). The portrait of Langlois, meanwhile, also offered as “Studio of Sir Anthony van Dyck”, at Christie’s New York in 2012, sparked similar speculative interest, since it sold for $386,500 against an estimate of $80,000. But it wasn’t Stunt who made that handsome $1.7 million. The buyer of both paintings had been Fergus Hall, an Old Master dealer with a particular interest in Van Dyck, who, having cleaned and researched the paintings, sold them to Stunt as fully attributed Van Dycks. Interestingly, Van Dyck has had more re-attributions than any other Old Master in recent times. Philip Mould, presenter of the BBC’s Fake or Fortune, traces this phenomenon to the publication of the first reliable catalogue raisonné in 2004, which allowed for detailed study of nearly 800 examples of the artist’s work. Of the catalogue’s four original scholars, only two are still alive, and a number of former museum directors have offered their views on attribution since. It’s differences in opinion that have allowed additional works to be added to the recognised Van Dyck corpus. Because Van Dyck was prolific and used studio assistants in his work, it can be tricky to unravel how much of a painting is solely by the master. Consequently, the number of works attributed to him, his studio and his many followers is plentiful. Around 300 have come up for auction in the past four years, with dozens subsequently upgraded with a full attribution. Mould’s favourite is a self-portrait that he found at auction in Germany, in 2012. Thought to be a copy and with a €30,000 estimate, he bought it for €572,000. By 2015 he had sold week Bonhams staged a sale of modern and contemporary Middle Eastern art, which celebrated the 110th anniversary of the founding of the Cairo Faculty of Fine Arts. Here, students were taught European methods of figure, landscape and still-life painting using oils, pastel and watercolours, and clay for modelling sculpture by European artists. Long bidding battle: Fouad Kamel’s Surrealist Woman it on privately, since it appeared at the Minneapolis Institute of Art on loan from the American investment financier, Scott Minerd. Taking some credit for the change in status was Mould’s researcher, Bendor Grosvenor, now a TV presenter in his own right and also a Van Dyck connoisseur, who has been quietly accumulating a small collection of discoveries of his own. But while Grosvenor prefers to keep his finds, his friend, Hall, is in the business of selling, his trained eye capable of recognising Van Dyck’s touch even through centuries of dirt, degraded varnish and additional paint. It is only after painstaking cleaning, though, that It can be tricky to unravel how much of a painting is solely by the master Genuine article: Sir Anthony van Dyck’s Portrait of François Langlois, which sold in New York for $1.8 million It was, says Dr Youssef Kamel, “a point of awakening” for Egyptian art. It was the Egyptian art in the sale that most awakened the interest of bidders, claiming nine of the top 10 lots, including three record prices. Perhaps the most extraordinary of these was a 1943 painting, Surrealist Woman, by Fouad Kamel, an artist associated with the international Art and Liberty movement, which protested against Fascism. Estimated at £20,000, the painting triggered the sale’s longest bidding battle before selling to Dubai’s Meem Gallery for £218,750. Overall, though, the sale felt flat, with more than half the lots from Iraq, Iran and Syria going unsold. A more complete picture of this market should emerge after Sotheby’s comparable sale today. Traders face stricter rules on ivory sales The trade in antique ivory works of art is about to be severely curtailed, according to government proposals. Only portrait miniatures more than the full picture emerges. In the case of the Apostles, for instance, a panel maker’s mark that corresponded to marks on the back of three early apostles by Van Dyck in the Gemäldegalerie in Dresden, was revealed. Subsequent dendrochronological testing (dating a piece of wood by tree rings) of the panels confirmed they were painted very early in Van Dyck’s career, which fitted with Hall’s theory. In the case of the Langlois portrait, previously thought to be a studio copy of a painting that is part-owned by the National Gallery, close examination of the documentary evidence revealed that Van Dyck had made two versions of the portrait – one for the sitter (Stunt’s), and one for Van Dyck to keep (the National Gallery’s). At this rate, the 2004 catalogue raisonné is going to need updating fairly soon – if everyone can agree on things, that is. 100 years old, items with no more than 10 per cent ivory content, pre-1975 musical instruments with less than 20 per cent ivory content, and the rarest and most important works of art of their type will escape the ban. Trade representatives have only a matter of months to plead for less stringent restrictions before the new legislation will be enacted. This signals victory for non-political organisations like Tusk, which have exerted pressure from the outset for a total ban however distanced an antique ornament may appear to be from the slaughter of elephants today. Whether a total ban was the right option, instead of focusing on controlling the trade of fake antique ivory, often used as a cover by dealers for trading new ivory, remains questionable. The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 24 April 2018 *** 27 Arts ANDREW CROWLEY FOR THE TELEGRAPH Robert Trevino with the Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra earlier this month ‘I have this sense I’m going to die young’ Having grown up in poverty, the conductor Robert Trevino has a boundless determination and no time to lose, finds Ivan Hewett I t helps to come from a family with money if you want to become an orchestral conductor. Without it, such a career is almost impossible. Like becoming a barrister or a surgeon, it requires a long costly apprenticeship. One only has to glance at the British conducting scene to see this. Some conductors, like Martyn Brabbins, come from modest beginnings but many, such as Simon Rattle and Robin Ticciati, are blessed with more privileged backgrounds. None I know of could be described as having had a deprived upbringing. And this makes the success of 34-year-old American conductor Robert Trevino all the more astonishing. Only a decade ago, Trevino was a struggling music student living on the rough side of Chicago, home-schooling his sister while helping her kick her drug addiction, and living on boiled rice flavoured with salt to save cash. A decade before that, he was living in a poor district of Fort Worth, Texas, in a house with no electricity, and he hadn’t yet even picked up a musical instrument. Today, he is one of America’s most exciting and fast-rising conductors. He has a habit of hitting the headlines after replacing A-list conductors at the last minute. He was described as “the greatest musical sensation from America since Van Cliburn”, after he stepped in to conduct Verdi’s Don Carlo at the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow in 2013. He did the same for the London Symphony Orchestra last June, taking the place of Daniel Harding, to conduct a brilliant performance of Mahler’s Third Symphony. Last September, he gained his first post as music director, at the Basque National Orchestra in San Sebastian, and he has a full schedule of appearances around the world – including one with the London Philharmonic Orchestra later this month. Trevino is known for being a perfectionist and an indefatigably hard worker. To what extent does he think his upbringing fuelled his determination to succeed? “I don’t like to focus too much on my background,” Trevino says politely, before going on to talk of little else, with a mix of modesty, pride and anger. His greatgrandparents were Mexican seasonal workers in Texas who brought up their children in America. Trevino’s own parents struggled to make ends meet, but were determined to better themselves and eventually rented a house in a predominantly white neighbourhood of Fort Worth. “We were the only Mexicans, and we were not welcome,” he says. “People used to throw beer bottles at our front door An exhilarating showdown Exhibition Rodin and the Art of Ancient Greece British Museum, London ★★★★★ By Mark Hudson T his show has all the makings of the ultimate sculptural showdown. In the one corner, Auguste Rodin, the first great sculptor of the modern era, who rebelled against the sterile imitations of neo-classicism but was obsessed with actual ancient Greek sculpture; in the other, the works that ignited his passion, the British Museum’s Parthenon Marbles, which Rodin first encountered on a visit here in 1881. The exhibition presents some of Rodin’s most iconic pieces, on loan from Paris’s Musée Rodin, beside the ancient marbles – generally agreed to represent the summit of classical sculpture – that inspired them. Given the French sculptor’s veneration for the artists behind the Marbles, the show shouldn’t feel like a competition. But you can practically smell Rodin’s desire to best his own standards, and those of the past; to fuse the core elements of classical sculpture into a new art relevant to the machine age. The show has wow factor from the first room, with three of Rodin’s most famous works visible as you enter: The Kiss, The Age of Bronze and The Thinker. In the centre of this dramatically lit tableau stands one of the most famous of the Parthenon Marbles – of two headless, recumbent goddesses. You might expect that the ancient works would appear cool and static beside the more modern pieces, with Rodin’s animated surfaces grasping at the tactility of human flesh through a kind of sculptural equivalent to impressionism. In fact, you could Lustrous energy: The Age of Bronze hardly have a better example than this majestic piece of the way ancient Athenian sculptors breathed new life into the rigid forms of the archaic Greek imagery that preceded them. Beside the mesmerising flow of drapery covering these female figures, the entwined couple in The Kiss (1882) have a sort of Joy of Sex clunkiness with their slightly too-white plaster flesh. The youth in The Age of Bronze (1876), on the other hand, radiates a lustrous energy. His nakedness represents not the godlike idealisation of ancient Greek art, but a modern existential turmoil. So the show proceeds through a series of brilliantly conceived standoffs and juxtapositions: The Thinker, 1902, versus the headless, reclining River God Ilissos from the Parthenon’s West Pediment; Rodin’s headless bronze Iris Messenger of the Gods (189091) next to the shattered torso of a striding woman. If Rodin’s touch feels a touch galumphing in the first encounter, his visceral sensuality carries the day in the second. With his magnum opus, The Burghers of Calais (1884-89), seen here in a heart-stopping coup de théâtre, it’s the six enormous male figures silhouetted against the window at the end of the gallery, Rodin seems to have moved on from the classical, or at least transformed it into an intensely dramatic narrative language. And with the show’s final work, The Walking Man, 1907, he’s turned another corner, with the headless, armless figure seeming about to stride into the 20th century, carrying Rodin’s pioneering enthusiasm for the “fragment” – not as a broken relic, but an expressive form in its own right – into the modernism of Picasso and Matisse. It might be pointed out that the Parthenon Marbles can generally be seen for free, as can many of Rodin’s key works in museums around London (The Burghers normally resides at Victoria Tower Gardens, beside the Houses of Parliament). But seeing these works piecemeal you’d lose the heroic, larger-than-life mood that makes this one of the shows of the year. You’ll leave it exhilarated about the possibilities of sculpture, nostalgic for an age of superhuman ambition, and still pondering that question of who “won” the show’s notional showdown. Until July 29. Tickets: 020 7323 8181; britishmuseum.org and shout “Go home”. My father had three jobs, including one at Pizza Hut and one at a construction site, but he still didn’t have enough money for heating or electricity. We used candles for light, and were on welfare. We had vouchers for a special governmentfunded cheese, weird stuff that never goes off. I never lacked love, but they just couldn’t buy extra things for me.” Then came the epiphany that changed his life. “I was sitting in my Dad’s pickup truck one day, aged about eight, and he was flicking the dial on the radio, looking for something to listen to. He was a big fan of Carlos Santana and the Red Hot Chili Peppers. Anyway, he accidentally landed on a classical music station that was playing the Lacrimosa from Mozart’s Requiem. At that moment, I knew I wanted to be a musician. It was a defining moment for me and, looking back, my life before that point seems cloudy. Everything that happened afterwards I remember really well.” The desire quickly took on greater focus. “I watched concerts on PBS [Public Broadcasting Service] and I remember seeing Seiji Ozawa on TV conducting the Boston Symphony, and I thought yes, that’s what I want to do.” Trevino’s first step was to try to join the school band as a bassoonist. “I had heard Prokofiev’s Peter and the Wolf and I thought the bassoon [who impersonates Peter’s grandfather] sounded really cool.” But since he was unable to afford lessons, things didn’t go well. He came bottom in the auditions for the band. “There was a girl in the band who looked at me and said, ‘You’ll never amount to anything’.” The memory clearly still rankles. Trevino set himself a punishing regime, getting up at 4am, jogging for an hour, then practising for two hours before breakfast. He took holiday jobs to pay for lessons, until the bassoon teacher discovered what was going on and refused to take any money. “He became one of my mentors,” says Trevino fondly. “I told him I wanted to be a conductor, and he invited me to pull out a score from his collection. I pulled out Stravinsky’s Rite of Spring at random and told him I wanted to start with this. He laughed and said, ‘That’s crazy, you should start with Mozart,’ but I said, ‘Don’t tell me what I can or can’t do’. I went to the library and taught myself how to read all those strange rhythms and how to read the Cyrillic writing.” His parents were supportive but also baffled by their ambitious, wilful son. One gets the impression that by his mid-teens Trevino simply out-soared them. Sometimes he and his father came to blows. “I was skipping school to practise, and they called my father in for a meeting. He was really mad, and he was a big man, domineering, and I could see he was ready to lay me out.” Trevino didn’t budge. He told his father he would pass the school exams by studying at home, and that he would pay for the correspondence course needed to do two years’ learning in five months, by working evenings and weekends. “We shook on the deal.” It is one of Trevino’s regrets that his father didn’t live to see him succeed. He died in his early 40s, while Trevino was still a student. That combination of curiosity and what some might call pig-headed determination carried Trevino through the next 10 years. He mastered his instrument enough to gain a place at Chicago’s Roosevelt University. Meanwhile, he was studying scores and conducting groups and orchestras that he assembled himself, often to play music by Chicagoan composers. On the fourth attempt, he got a conducting fellowship at the renowned Aspen Summer School. Introductions to Daniel Barenboim and Pierre Boulez followed. During the summers, he played bassoon for a light opera company in Ohio, and soon progressed to conducting. Eventually, his big break came with an invitation to be the assistant conductor of New York City Opera, and shortly after that the invitation to conduct at the Bolshoi. Trevino seems more driven than ever. “My wife, Julia, [a pianist] keeps telling me to slow down, but I feel there’s this thing I have to do, and there’s no time to lose. That’s why I don’t want children. I have this sense I am going to die young like my father.” He must think there is something supremely valuable in an art form that demands such a sacrifice. “Music is an epitome of life itself, in the sense that it is fleeting. When we are dead we leave so little behind, so in the time we have we should strive to do the best we can. When music goes well, you create a ‘There was a girl in the band who looked at me and said, “You’ll never amount to anything” ’ Determined: a young Trevino conducted orchestras that he assembled himself magic moment when everyone, black and white, liberal and conservative, voters for Brexit and against it, believers and atheists, are all united.” That’s the kind of thing you might hear from many conductors, but Trevino’s belief in music’s transcendence has a sharp, personal edge. “My background taught me that every human being should be accorded their dignity, no matter how poor they are. That’s why I am so passionate about the educational side of my work with my orchestra, which I do for free. People who become successful have a duty to give something back. The writer Maya Angelou once said to me, if somebody opens a door for you, you must seize your chance and walk through, but remember to hold that door open for someone else.” Robert Trevino conducts the London Philharmonic Orchestra at the Royal Festival Hall on April 25 (tickets: southbankcentre.co.uk); and at the Norfolk and Norwich Festival on May 21 at St Andrew’s Hall (tickets: nnfestival. org.uk) 020 7840 4242 Entertainments Theatres QUEEN'S 0844 482 5160 THE MUSICAL PHENOMENON LES MISERABLÉS Eves 7.30, Mats Wed & Sat 2.30 www.LesMis.com HER MAJESTY'S 020 7087 7762 THE BRILLIANT ORIGINAL THE PHANTOM OF THE OPERA Mon-Sat 7.30, Thu & Sat 2.30 www.ThePhantomOfTheOpera.com ST MARTIN'S 020 7836 1443 66th year of Agatha Christie's THE MOUSETRAP Mon-Sat 7:30pm, Mats Tues & Thurs 3 & Sat 4 www.the-mousetrap.co.uk “Captivating” TIME OUT Oscar Wilde’s AN IDEAL HUSBAND Vaudeville Theatre Tue-Sat 19.30 | Tue, Thu & Sat 14.30 Extra Tuesday Matinees Advance Senior Rate available 0330 333 4814 **** FINANCIAL TIMES Sheila Hancock Bill Milner HAROLD AND MAUDE By Colin Higgins Directed by Thom Southerland CharingCrossTheatre.co.uk 08444-930650 28 Tuesday 24 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph *** Court & Social Court Circular KENSINGTON PALACE April 23rd The Duchess of Cambridge was safely delivered of a son at 11.01 am today. Her Royal Highness and her child are both well. Signed: Guy Thorpe-Beeston, Alan Farthing, Sunit Godambe and Huw Thomas. KENSINGTON PALACE April 23rd Prince Henry of Wales this afternoon held a Mental Health Innovations Meeting with Chief Executives of telecommunications organisations. Prince Henry of Wales, also representing The Prince of Wales, later attended a Memorial Service to commemorate the Life and Legacy of Stephen Lawrence in St Martin-in-the-Fields, Trafalgar Square, London WC2, and was received by Her Majesty’s Lord-Lieutenant of Greater London (Sir Kenneth Olisa). BUCKINGHAM PALACE April 23rd The Countess of Wessex, Patron, Toronto General and Western Hospital, this morning held a Meeting. Her Royal Highness, Patron, Defence Medical Welfare Service, this afternoon held a Meeting. BUCKINGHAM PALACE April 23rd The Princess Royal this evening attended the St George’s Day Service in Gloucester Cathedral to mark the Fortieth Anniversary of the Gloucestershire Branch of the Royal Society of St George and was received by Her Majesty’s Lord-Lieutenant of Gloucestershire (Dame Janet Trotter). ST JAMES’S PALACE April 23rd The Duke of Kent, Colonel-inChief, this morning attended a Thanksgiving Service in the Chapel Royal of St Peter ad Vincula, HM Tower of London, to celebrate the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Founding of The Royal Regiment of Fusiliers. His Royal Highness, Colonel-inChief, this afternoon attended a Lunch to celebrate the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Founding of The Royal Regiment of Fusiliers, Mercers’ Hall, Ironmonger Lane, London EC2. Today’s birthdays Miss Bridget Riley, artist, is 87; Miss Shirley MacLaine, actress, 84; Mr John Williams, guitarist, 77; Miss Barbra Streisand, singer, actress and director, 76; Sir Peter Cresswell, a former High Court Judge, 74; Mr Tony Visconti, record producer, musician and singer, 74; Prof Sir Graeme Catto, President, General Medical Council, 2002-09, 73; Mr Piers Gough, architect, 72; Sir James Paice, former Conservative MP, 69; Canon Robert Wright, Chaplain to the Speaker, 1998-2010, 69; M Jean-Paul Gaultier, fashion designer, 66; Lord Ahmed, business development manager, 61; Mr Kumar Dharmasena, former Sri Lanka cricketer; ICC Umpire, 47; Mrs Gabby Logan, broadcaster, presenter and journalist, 45; Mr Sachin Tendulkar, former India cricketer; currently the highest run scorer in Test cricket and one-day internationals, 45; Mr Lee Westwood, golfer, 45; Mrs Laura Kenny, née Trott, track and road cyclist; Olympic gold medallist, women’s team pursuit and women’s omnium, Rio 2016 and London 2012, 26; and Miss Lauren Rowles, rower; Paralympic gold medallist, mixed double sculls, Rio 2016, 20. FIRST WORLD WAR Mr W.D.R. Newton and Miss C.E. Grant The engagement is announced between William, elder son of Mr and Mrs Mark Newton, of Church Langton, Leicestershire, and Lottie, younger daughter of Mr and Mrs Ian Grant, of Sibsey, Boston, Lincolnshire. Online ref: 552496 St George's Day Club Maj Gen Andrew Keeling, President, was in the chair at the annual luncheon of the St George's Day Club held yesterday at Grosvenor House. Lord Burnett and Dr Phil Hammond were the speakers and Mr John Brunel Cohen was presented with the Club's Award to a True Englishman. Rotary Club of London Mr Michael Finn was the speaker at a luncheon held by the Rotary Club of London yesterday at The Chesterﬁeld Hotel, London. Mr Stephen Potter, President, was in the chair and Mr Hugh Kirk, Mr Tim MacAndrews and Mr Neville Shulman were among others present. Sovereign’s Parade The Sovereign’s Parade, Commissioning Course 172, held on Friday, April 13, 2018, continued: Scott, G.P.C., Radley College, University of St Andrews, London School of Economics, RL; Sharp, J.J., Durham Sixth Form Centre, University of Northumbria at Newcastle, RA; Sherry, B., Tonbridge School, University of Edinburgh, AGC (ETS); Shields, H.T.M., St John’s Leatherhead, Oxford Brookes University, RLC; Shill, M.J., John Taylor High School, AGC (RMP); Shuttleworth, M.S., Farnham College, Queen Mary, University of London, AAC; Simpson, D.M., Pilton Community College, Birmingham City University, AGC (RMP); Smith, B.Z.T., St Bede’s Senior School, King’s College London, QRH; Smith, G.M., Havering Sixth Form College, AAC; Smith, N.H., Ysgol David Hughes, Amsterdam University and Cardiff University, AGC (RMP); Southeard, J.B., Verulam School, University of Birmingham, LANCS; Stafford, I.F., Henley College, R SIGNALS; Stevenson, C.S., The John Fisher School, Cardiff Metropolitan University, RE; Stewart, R.W.K., Wellington College, University of Leeds/University of Exeter, LG; Stoner, D.M.P., Unknown School Overseas, Southampton Solent University, RE; Strawbridge, A.V., Casterton School, University of York, LD; Swallowe, D.A.P., Netherhall School, University of Adelaide, RLC; Swarbrick, R.J., St Ambrose College, University of Sheffield, RE; Tallis, S.G., The Marsh Academy, University of Brighton, REME; Tattersall, D.J., Hurstpierpoint College, Loughborough University, RE; Taylor, S.C., Oxted School, University of Nottingham, RE; Thompson, C., Chesham Grammar School, University of Birmingham, R ANGLIAN; Thompson, G.G., St Mary’s School Ascot, University of Cambridge, INT CORPS; Tobin, A.L., King Edward VI C of E (C) Upper School, University of Essex, RAMC; Trant, R.B., Ampleforth College, IG; Trotman, W., St Edward’s School, RA; Trup, L., JFS School, University of Oxford, RE; Truscott, N.J., Chislehurst and Sidcup Grammar School, University of Greenwich, REME; Tweed, D.M., The Castle School, Swansea University, REME; Tysoe, B.J., The Skinners’ School, University of Manchester, RLC; Vickers, R.S., School of St Helen and St Katharine, Royal Veterinary College, RAMC; Vinters, P.L., New College, Telford, University of Chester, AGC (ETS); Walter, M.J., St Mark’s Catholic School, University of Warwick, R SIGNALS; Walton, E.R., Reaseheath College, Bangor University, RE; Washington-Smith, T.G., Richard Huish College, University of Exeter, RGR; Waters, O., Hereford Cathedral School, University of Birmingham, PARA; Watkins, E.J., Magdalen College School - Senior School, University of East Anglia, PARA; Welch, A.J., Wyedean School and Sixth Form Centre, R IRISH; Westcott, P.G., Cranleigh School, University of Cambridge, Jesus College, PARA; Whiteman, J.C., Salesian College, Cardiff University, RRF; Wilkinson, J., The Ecclesbourne School, University of Nottingham, WG; Wilkinson, T.J., Cheltenham Bournside School and Sixth Form Centre, University of Kent, INT CORPS; Williams, G.J., De Aston School, University of Nottingham/ University College London, INT CORPS; Wood, T.C., Llanidloes High School, University of Kent, AGC (RMP); Woods, W.A., Berkhamsted Collegiate School, University of Leicester, PWRR; Woolner, T.J., Unknown School Overseas, RA; Wray, B., King’s Norton Boys’ School, Birmingham City University, RLC; Wright, J.B., Thomas Deacon Academy, King’s College London, R ANGLIAN; Yaqub-Khan, A., Harrow School, London School of Economics and Political Science, INT CORPS; Yelland, O.D., Newquay Tretherras School, University of Plymouth, RA; Young, C., Queen Elizabeth’s School, RA; Young, C.S., South Tyneside College, RE; Young, J.C.A., Rochester Independent College/Cranbrook School, RIFLES; Ziegler, H., Christ’s Hospital, University of York, RLC. The following Overseas Cadets also passed out with a view to being commissioned into the Armed Forces of their countries: Melad Barmaki, Mudsser Milad Tarakhil, Afghanistan; Amarildo Hysa, Albania; Shaikh Khalid Terky Rashid Isa AlKhalifa, Shaikh Ahmed Fahad Ahmed Rashed AlKhalifa, Shaikh A. Rahman Khaled Salman Abdulla AlKhalifa, Bahrain; Martin Mlakić, Bosnia and Herzegovinia; Khalaf Saeed Alremeithi, Mohamed Saif Ali Al Yammahi, Saoud Rashed Khalifa Al Kaabi, UAE; Juan Felipe Salgado Cuevas, Colombia; Ziad Ibrahim Ahmed AbdelRahim, Egypt; Jilda Tsurtsumia, Georgia; Yousif Hisham Sharhan Al-Lami, Iraq; Rami Rateb Madallah Alrawashdeh, Jordan; Solomon Meng’oru Namunkuk, Kenya; Aidin Kalmatov, Kyrgyzstan; Rami Loutfi, Lebanon; Sandip Pandit, Nepal; Muhammad Bin Abbas Baloch, Shehroz Shahid, Pakistan; Abdulaziz Sefar Sa Al-Kuwari, Abdulla Mahmoud A.Z. Al-Mahmoud, Mohammed Ali Al-Maadeed, Yousef Ahmad J.M. Al-Muftah, Qatar; Phuriporn Nate-Anong, Thailand; Julius Ntegeka, Uganda; Daniel Gabrielli, USA. MANSELL-MOULLIN.—On 6th February 2018, in San Pietro Hospital, Rome, to Carolyn (née Sillau Herrera) and David, a lovely daughter, Leyla. Online ref: 552724 ASHWORTH.—Frank on April 15th 2018, aged 83, in Chichester. Beloved husband, father, grandfather and great grandfather. Online ref: 552710 BAIN.—Iain Stuart FSA, died peacefully in hospital on 20th April 2018. Beloved husband of Sue, much loved father and grandfather of Kirsty, Nina, Donald and Alice. Private funeral. Memorial service to be announced. Online ref: A223693 LONDON, WEDNESDAY APRIL 24, 1918 NAVY’S DASH ON THE ZEEBRUGGE BASE. BRUGES CANAL BLOCKED. A “SIGNAL SUCCESS.” National Liberal Club Mr Tony Gledhill, GC, was the guest of honour at a dinner to celebrate St George and England held at the National Liberal Club last night. Mrs Janet Berridge, Club Chairman, presided and Lt Gen Andrew Figgures, Miss Anna Barry, Miss Celestine Randall, Miss Charlotte Moore and Mr Michael Lunts also spoke. ELDERKIN.—On 7th April 2018 , in The Hague, to Nelly and Rupert, a son, Benjamin John Lucien, brother to Tom and Sam. Online ref: 552689 At noon yesterday the Secretary of the Admiralty issued the following announcement: Early this morning a naval raid was made on Ostend and Zeebrugge, which are being used by the enemy as destroyer and submarine bases. Our forces are returning, and the scanty information so far received is to the effect that the raid met with a reasonable measure of success. With the exception of covering ships, the force employed consisted of auxiliary vessels and of six obsolete cruisers. Five of these cruisers, filled with concrete, were used as block ships, and, after being run aground, were, in accordance with orders, blown up and abandoned by their crews. A further communiqué will be issued when the reports have been received from the ships, which are now returning to their bases. No report of casualties has yet come to hand. MODERN CUTTING-OUT EXPEDITION By ARCHIBALD HURD. The hazardous operations reported to-day will rank as among the most gallant in the annals of the Navy when they come to be studied in the light of all the circumstances, and particularly of the advantages which lay with the enemy. We are confronted with a cuttingout expedition with which the boldest seaman of the last Great War would have been proud to be associated, and Admiral Roger Keyes and all who were connected with the dual exploit will receive to-day the hearty congratulations of their fellow-countrymen. Ever since the Germans obtained possession of the portion of the Belgian coast pierced by the harbours of Ostend and Zeebrugge it has been the ambition of the British seamen to strike at them, but the difficulties were great. THE ELEMENTS OF SUCCESS. The success of the daring scheme of attack upon this strongly defended breakwater, in association with an attempt to block the exit of the Bruges Canal, depended upon wind, sea, and complete co-ordination of the various units employed. On Monday night the sea was smooth and the wind favourable, but, unfortunately, a change occurred in the latter respect after the operation had begun, with the result that the ingeniously devised smoke screen was less effective than was hoped would be the case, and our casualties were consequently increased. But, on the other hand, the co-ordination between units engaged could not have, been better. There was a preliminary bombardment, which the Germans no doubt, thought, would, like others have no sequel. But they were mistaken. At the right moment one of the two old submarines selected for use was driven under the viaduct and there exploded, isolating the breakwater from t-he shore. The success of the scheme depended largely on this operation, shutting off reinforcements which might otherwise have been rapidly despatched to succour the guard on the mole. In the meantime, the old cruiser Vindictive, a vessel of 5,750 tons, long since past her fighting days, which was accompanied by two ferry-boats, the Iris and Daffodil, crept up to the mole with landing parties, consisting of a naval contingent and a body of marines. Simultaneously a destroyer, greatly daring, passed into the harbour and began discharging torpedoes at German destroyers which were lying under the shelter of the mole. As a concurrent operation, three old cruisers were taken across the harbour to be sunk at the entrance of the canal. Two of these vessels, filled with concrete, reached their objective, and it is believed will for many days impede the seaward progress of German submarines and destroyers. Whilst this desperate exploit at the entrance of the canal was being carried out, fortunately with very light casualties, desperate fighting was in progress on the breakwater. This long, broad projection into the sea-way bristled with guns. Though the wind shifted at an unfortunate moment, the Vindictive got away uninjured, together with two auxiliary craft, having reembarked the survivors of the gallant men who, supported by mortars and flame-throwers, had impeached the enemy. telegraph.co.uk/news/ww1-archive BREWER.—Suddenly, but peacefully, at his home in Broughty Ferry, on April 20th, 2018, Douglas Morton Brewer, in his 92nd year. Beloved husband of Joyce, much loved father of Paul, dearly loved father-in-law of Gillian and cherished grandpa of Katie, Sarah and Helena. Funeral Service in Broughty Ferry New Kirk, Queen Street, Broughty Ferry, on Friday, April 27th, at 1.45 p.m., to which all friends are respectfully invited, interment thereafter private. Family ﬂowers only, please. Online ref: 552745 BROOKS.—Barbara Eves (née Barratt), passed away peacefully, surrounded by her family, on Saturday 7th April after a valiantly fought ﬁve year battle with cancer. The very much loved wife of George, for 59 years, adored by her children James, Caroline, Camilla, her seven granddaughters and her grandson. She will be sorely missed by all who knew her, and remembered forever. A Service of Thanksgiving will be held at 12 noon on Wednesday 30th May 2018 at the Church of St John the Evangelist, The High Street, Sutton Veny BA12 7AW. No ﬂowers please. Donations, if desired, to the Salisbury Hospice or to the RNLI Poole. Online ref: A223696 de BERKER.—Patricia de Berker of Hillier Road, Guildford, passed away peacefully on Monday 16th April, aged 96. Loving and beloved wife of the late Dr Paul de Berker. Details from Forsey and Son: 01458 272297. Online ref: A223699 deNEUMANN.—Frederick 'Bernard'. On 18th April 2018, aged 74 years. Funeral Service at Southend Crematorium, West Chapel on Tuesday 8th May at 12.40 p.m. No ﬂowers please. Donations for the RNLI gratefully received c/o F P Guiver & Sons Ltd, 641 Southchurch Road, Southend on Sea SS1 2PN or online at www.guiver.co.uk Online ref: A223703 ELTON.—Michael Anthony. Died peacefully, aged 85, on 18th April 2018. Funeral Service at Basingstoke Crematorium on 1st May, at 10.15 a.m. Online ref: 552698 FORD-YOUNG.—Pamela Mary (Pam), died peacefully at Breamar Lodge, Salisbury on 15th April. Funeral service to be held at Salisbury Crematorium on Thursday 10th May at 3.15 p.m. Family ﬂowers only. Donations, if desired, to Salisbury Hospice or The Friends of Salisbury Cathedral c/o Shergold Funeral Directors, 11 Brown Street, Salisbury SP1 1HE. Tel: 01722 328966. Online ref: 552725 FULLERTON.—Dr John Richard, passed away peacefully at Victoria House, Ryde on 17th April aged 85 years. Funeral Service to take place on Thursday 3rd May 10.30 a.m. at Springwood Woodland Cemetery, Newchurch, Isle of Wight. Family ﬂowers only or donations, if desired, to the British Heart Foundation c/o William Hall Independent Funeral Directors, Newchurch, Isle of Wight. Tel: 01983 868688. Online ref: 552738 GAMMIE.—Anthony Petrie, much loved husband, father and grandfather, died peacefully in Spain on 20th April 2018, following a long illness. He is greatly missed by all who knew him. Thanksgivings for his life will be held later this year in both Spain and the UK. Online ref: A223698 GEATER.—Patricia Alma passed away peacefully on 8th April 2018, aged 87. Beloved wife of Jack, mother of Sara and Tim, grandmother of Claudia, Lucy, Molly and Jack, great grandmother to Jenson and sister to Pauline. She was much loved by all her family and those who knew her and will be sadly missed. Family only cremation. Party to celebrate her life details to follow. Donations to British Red Cross Society please. Online ref: A223695 HARRISSON.—Esme Joan (née Price). Died at home in Lingﬁeld after a short illness, aged 92. Wife of Bob (deceased). Much loved mother of Martin and Clare. Nana to Oliver, Rachel, Natalie, Robert and Alice, Granna to Harry, Poppy, Emma, Daisy and Jack. Beautiful memories for us all. Funeral at Worth Crematorium at 11 a.m. on 26th April. Online ref: 552718 HARRIS.—Martin FRICS. Martin died peacefully surrounded by his family on the 17th April 2018, aged 66. Much loved by his wife Melanie, his children Charlotte, Oliver and Caitlin, his son in law Jon, and Grumpsy to Freya and Lincoln. He will be greatly missed by family and friends. A Thanksgiving Service to take place at St Nicholas Church, Harpenden, on Friday 4th May at 2 p.m. Colourful attire welcome. Donations, if desired, to Diabetes UK and The British Heart Foundation c/o Phillips. Tel: 01582 461100. Online ref: 552758 HARVEY.—Marigold Ann (née Sporborg), on 18th April 2018, aged 81 peacefully at home after a long illness. Widow of Ted and much loved mother of David, Nick and Alex, and adored grandmother of Rose, Patrick, Henry, Marina, India, Charlie and Arthur. Funeral at Albury Church at 2 p.m. on 30th April. Family ﬂowers only. Donations to Albury Church. Online ref: A223700 McALONAN.—William Skilling, April 29th 1929 – April 14th 2018. Former Director of Roads, Strathclyde Region. Peacefully, in Ayrshire on Saturday 14th April, with his family, in his 89th year, after living with cancer for 20 years. Beloved husband of Laura, loving father to Elsa, Kirsten and David; father-in-law to Murdoch and Kirsty and adored grandfather to Oliver and Skye. A Thanksgiving Service for Bill’s life will be held on Thursday April 26th at 11 a.m. at Carmunnock Parish Church, to which all friends are invited. The family are not wearing black and no ﬂowers please. Donations instead to Prostate Cancer UK. Online ref: 552756 MILES.—Tony, journalist, died 14th April 2018, aged 87. The combined Funeral and Memorial Service will be held on 1st May at 2 p.m. at St Joseph's Catholic Church, Highgate Hill, N19 5NE, followed by a reception nearby. No ﬂowers but donations to St Joseph's Restoration Fund in Tony's memory would be appreciated. Online ref: 552594 SAGE.—Maurice George died peacefully among his family on 18th April 2018, aged 86 after a short illness. Much loved by his wife June, his children Kate and Peter and his grandchildren Jack, Helena and Oscar. A private family cremation will take place followed later by a Thanksgiving Service at St Peter's Church, Newdigate, Surrey on Friday 11th May at 12.30 p.m. Family ﬂowers only. Donations to St Catherine's Hospice, Crawley. Online ref: 552712 PANTON.—Angus Alexander Fitzgerald died peacefully on 16th April, aged 85. Much loved father to Thomas. Funeral Service at St Martin's Church, Zeals on 4th May at 1.30 p.m. followed by a private cremation. Family ﬂowers only please, but donations, if desired, to ILPH c/o Co-operative Funeralcare, 2 High Street, Gillingham, Dorset SP8 4QT. Online ref: 552693 SHAW.—Joan passed peacefully at home on 8th April 2018, aged 94 years. Funeral Service will be held at St John in the Wilderness, Exmouth, EX8 5QG, on 26th April at 12.30 p.m. Family ﬂowers only please with donations to British Paralympic Association. Much loved mother, grandmother and great grandma, will be greatly missed by all. Enquiries to Richard W. Gegg & Sons, Funeral Directors: 01395 222444. Online ref: 552730 REARDON.—John, photographer, died peacefully, surrounded by family, on 21st April 2018. Online ref: A223701 RENNER-GEE.—Iris Erni, loyal friend and colleague to many, died at her South London home on Sunday 8th April 2018, aged 84. Iris requested no mourning, no ﬂowers but donations to her favourite charity, Cats Protection, are welcome. Private cremation, to be followed by a memorial gathering in June. Online ref: A223694 CREATE IN me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me. Cast me not away from thy presence; and take not thy holy spirit from me. Psalm 51.10-11 WEST.—Godfrey Philip, of Rochester, Kent, formerly of Danbury, Essex. Died peacefully at home following a long illness. Beloved husband of Suzanne West and father of four sons, Nicholas, Charles, Benjamin and Matthew. The Funeral Service will be held at Thamesview Crematorium, Kent DA12 2NL, 14th May at 3 p.m. Family ﬂowers only, with any donations to Wisdom Hospice, Rochester. Online ref: 552723 WILLIAMS.—Sir Lawrence Hugh, 9th Baronet of Bodelwyddan, died peacefully at home on 19th April 2018. Any donations to Parkinson's UK. Online ref: A223714 HAPPY 90TH BIRTHDAY Have a great day Dad, enjoy your birthday surprises, love from all the family xxx Online ref: 552747 The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 24 April 2018 *** 29 Obituaries Jill, Duchess of Hamilton Peter Lloyd Dynamic and generous-spirited Australian-born journalist, author, plantswoman and campaigner CHRISTINE BOYD J ILL, DUCHESS OF HAMILTON, who has died aged 78, was a woman of indomitable energy who left her native Australia as a young reporter for the Murdoch press and ended up marrying Scotland’s premier duke; after her divorce, she distinguished herself as a writer and researcher. Jillian Robertson was born in Sydney on January 30 1940, the daughter of a First World War veteran, and spent her youth in Townsville, Queensland. After school, she made her first trip to Britain. On her return to Sydney in 1961 she trained as a newspaper reporter under Donald Horne, then Australia’s leading journalist and later one of its great public intellectuals. Three years later she was sent to report from London. She was one of the group’s youngest foreign correspondents and later recalled the young tycoon himself as a friendly man in a brown suit wandering between the desks of his journalists. Assignments took her to America, India, Russia, Tahiti, Vietnam and Afghanistan. Among the people she interviewed were Jawaharlal Nehru, Indira Gandhi, the Dalai Lama, Marlon Brando, Richard Burton, Nancy Mitford and P G Wodehouse. In November 1963 she attended a dinner for President Kennedy in Miami four nights before he was assassinated. Two years later, when working in Vietnam, she was one of the first women to write about the effects of bombing raids, having flown in a raid from Da Nang. Her journalistic career was cut short by motherhood and marriage. Finding herself pregnant, she married the father of her child, a fellow journalist named Martin Page. Her only son Jamie was born in April 1968. The marriage was brief and unhappy, and after their divorce the couple never spoke to each other or saw each other again, communicating solely through lawyers. Nevertheless, Jill was deeply annoyed some years later when the marriage was annulled by the Roman Catholic Church to enable Page, a convert to Catholicism, to marry again. Her second marriage, to Edward Hulton, a scion of the newspaper dynasty who was several years her junior, brought with it a residence in the south of France, a flat in Monte Carlo as an address for tax purposes, and a sea plane in which they regularly toured the West Indies. But they were unsuited to each other, and divorce followed. Her third and final husband was Angus, 15th Duke of Hamilton. They married in 1988, and divorced in 1995. She was his second wife. She shared his love of nature and conservation, as well as his championing of distressed animals, and carried out her duties as chatelaine of Lennoxlove, his house, with great devotion and energy. Nevertheless, none of this hard work and commitment was quite enough to overcome the Duke’s alcoholism and unhappiness. After her third divorce, she swore that she would never marry again. Based in a small but charming flat in Chelsea, which she had been given by the Hamilton estate, Jill, Duchess of Hamilton, as she now became, threw Jill Hamilton (and, below, reporting from Vietnam): although she was not religious, she spent several months a year in Jerusalem and wrote for the Catholic Herald herself into the business of making her living, drawing on her dynamic personality and her journalistic training. In later years she came to dislike the awkward title with which her last divorce had saddled her and demanded that it be removed from her byline as a journalist. On being asked the correct written form of address for a divorced duchess, she replied: “I have absolutely no bloody idea, and please don’t tell me.” Her best book, Marengo, the Myth of Napoleon’s Horse (2000), uncovered some hitherto unknown facts about Napoleon’s favourite horse and identified, through some impressive detective work, one of its hooves, until then lost. First to Damascus (2002) dealt with her father’s wartime experiences in the Australian Light Horse in Egypt, Palestine and Syria. Later came God, Guns and Israel (2009), which placed the Balfour Declaration in its correct context and identified the many evangelical Christians in Balfour’s cabinet who were instrumental in ensuring British support for a Jewish homeland. This ran to several editions and was translated into Italian as Il Dio in armi (“God under Arms”). Her appetite for research knew no bounds, and she was constantly on the lookout for new projects, her prose style reflecting her enthusiastic and catholic approach. There was also a First World War poetry anthology, Gallipoli to Gaza (2003). The Holy Land soon became an abiding interest. She spent several months every year as the guest of various religious bodies in Jerusalem, having enrolled at London’s School of African and Oriental Studies, first to do an MA and then a doctorate, which was to investigate the status of marriage law in Israel, a state that has no civil divorce. In the course of her researches she uncovered the way that Christian women in the Middle East would often change religion so as to escape the restrictive practices of the various churches with regard to divorce. From her place in Jerusalem she fired off regular columns for the Catholic Herald. Her reporting from the Holy City was only one string to her bow, and hardly enough to channel all her formidable energy. She tried her best to have the Garden of Gethsemane, perhaps the world’s most ancient and important garden, replanted with native plants. In 2007-8, using only native flora, she designed a garden beside the Baths of Bethesda at the Church of Saint Anne in the Old City. This is now visited by pilgrims who take bunches of herbs as souvenirs to press in their Bibles. She had by this stage already written numerous volumes on gardening, including Scottish Plants for Scottish Gardens (1996), English Plants for Your Garden (2000) and The Gardens of William Morris (1998), the last of which was translated into several languages. She had also exhibited at Chelsea on several occasions and won medals. If this were not enough, as the daughter of a soldier, her campaigning zeal inspired her to set up a memorial in London to Australian soldiers who had fallen in Europe and the Middle East in both World Wars. In 1995 she organised an Australian War Memorial at Battersea Park in London, and a dawn service on Anzac Day. This eventually led to the memorial that now stands at Hyde Park Corner, which was built by the Australian government. Her energetic personality, which could exhaust less hardy souls, was equally to the fore in her social life. A familiar figure in the Chelsea Arts Club, she advised on the garden there as well as offering suggestions on a wide range of other subjects. She was frequently invited to parties, quite often by people she hardly knew. “There’s a list,” she once explained. “Once you are on it, you get invited to everything.” Strikingly attractive and looking several decades younger than her real age, she was pursued by numerous men. One, a former Chancellor of the Exchequer, tried to kiss her through a taxi window. “Can you imagine the horror of that face coming towards you?” she recalled. Jill Hamilton was devoted to Dame Miriam Rothschild, the natural scientist, with whom she spent much time, often staying at a cottage in the grounds of her house. Later, she became great friends with Prince and Princess Michael of Kent, often walking their dog when they were away. “The Princess gives excellent advice,” she confided. She was never sentimental. Cancer was diagnosed, and in her final illness she faced the business of dying with the same dauntless spirit with which she had faced all the challenges of life. Lying in bed shortly before leaving for the hospice, she mischievously suggested to a friend that he try the powerful opiate medicine she had been given to ease her pain. “Let’s face it, darling, I’ll be gone before I can finish the bottle,” she said. Despite her connection to the Catholic Herald, her friendship with numerous clerics, and her residence in Jerusalem, she was never religious. She was devoted to her son Jamie, who survives her. She planned to donate her body to science and to have no funeral. “Funerals,” she told one friend, “are a bore.” Her last days were spent in a small flat in Oxford, surrounded by devoted friends helping her to get her thesis in order for submission to Soas. Jill, Duchess of Hamilton, born January 30 1940, died April 22 2018 Brigadier David Baines D-Day veteran who was involved in a perilous rescue of civilians from an overturned bus in Libya B RIGADIER DAVID BAINES, who has died aged 94, had a distinguished and adventurous career in both the Army and the Security Services. In 1947, Baines was serving as adjutant with 74 Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment RA in Libya. On the night of October 22, near Homs, a civilian bus loaded with Arabs ran off the road into a wadi or ravine which was flooded after a cloudburst. Baines was one of a rescue party which arrived at 2000 hours on a tractor. By this time the bus was overturned in a torrent about 10 yards from the edge of the road. Eighteen Arabs were clinging to the bus. Four others had been swept downstream and two of these were 120 yards away and holding desperately to some rocks. After the Arabs in the vehicle had been rescued by means of an improvised ropeway, Baines floated a lifeline to the two nearest Arabs. He rescued one. The other was washed away by the strength of the current. When all attempts to float a line to the two remaining Arabs failed, Baines dived into the river. He was tied to the bus with one rope and carried another, but he was still 50 yards from the two men when he reached the end of his rope. He tried to float the other line to the men, but this failed and he made the perilous return journey for more rope. Several times he disappeared under the water but eventually he got the line to the men and they were slowly pulled against the current to safety. When the rescue operation ended at 0300 hours, Baines had been in the water for more than three hours. He was recommended for a George Cross. When this was questioned, George VI intervened. The King considered that the courage Baines had shown merited the award of at least a George Medal but, in the event, he was appointed MBE (Military) for gallantry. Baines in 1967, and, below, during Octu training; he was once arrested by the Soviets for not wearing a uniform at the opera David Fitzroy Alan Talbot Baines, the son of a Gunner officer, was born at Sutton, London, on December 22 1923 and educated at Eton, where he was Captain of House. He enlisted in 1941 on his 18th birthday and was commissioned in April 1943. Having joined 25/26 Battery, 7 Medium Regiment RA, as signals officer, he landed on Gold Beach on D-Day and took part in fierce fighting in Normandy, Belgium, Holland and the advance into Germany. At the Battle of Arnhem in September 1944, he was attached to US 82nd Airborne Division and, in the forced crossing of the Rhine, his vehicle was blown up on a mine and his signaller killed. In August 1945 he transferred to 6th Field Regiment RA and served as adjutant with this unit in Palestine and Tripoli where 6 FR became 74 HAA. After a posting to 5 Royal Horse Artillery followed by a move to Mons Officer Cadet School as an instructor, he was on the staff at 31 Lorried Infantry Brigade. In 1957 he joined 3 RHA at Bulford, first as adjutant, then as battery captain. A spell at the MS Branch of the War Office was followed by command of the Chestnut Troop 1 RHA in BAOR as a brevet lieutenant-colonel. After a tour as Chief of Staff at HQ 2 Division, BAOR, he assumed command of 1 RHA and led the Regiment to Aden on operational service in September 1965. The Regiment fired more than 23,000 rounds in support of seven British and six Arab battalions and received some 50 casualties, including seven killed. In 1967 he was promoted brigadier and appointed Commander Royal Artillery 4 Division in Herford, BAOR. He subsequently became Director of Plans at HQ Strategic Command. His final job took him to Berlin as Chief of the British Military Mission to Soviet Forces or Brixmis. The system licensed intelligence gathering by Soviet and Allied forces but differing interpretation of the rules led to some sharp clashes, some of which strained relations almost to breaking point. But there were also lighter moments. On one occasion Baines and his wife, Honor, attended the opera in Leipzig, behind the Iron Curtain. Baines felt that the occasion demanded that he wear a dinner jacket. Uniform, however, was what the Soviets insisted upon and, at the end of the performance, they were arrested in full view of the audience and driven to Potsdam under escort. Unfortunately, the young Russian officer leading the convoy got hopelessly lost, and Baines ordered his official car to show him the way. This resulted in the unprecedented sight of the large black British Military Mission vehicle, flying the Union Jack, leading 10 Soviet army cars up the East German autobahn. Baines might have reached higher rank had he been more calculating, but his nature was to tackle problems head on, to take swift and decisive action and to encourage others to do likewise. He was highly respected and held in great affection by the officers and men who served with him. He retired from the Army in 1974, and for the next nine years worked for MI5 on measures to counter the terrorist threat, especially that posed by the IRA, to oil and gas installations around the British Isles. He then became a security consultant to BP International until he retired in 1988. For the next five years, he was emergency planning officer for St John Ambulance in Wiltshire. He was, for 10 years, a member of the Wessex Region Committee of Ofwat, and for many years he was churchwarden of his parish church of Berwick St James. Settled in a Jacobean house in Salisbury, he and his wife travelled to many parts of the world. He enjoyed skiing, sailing his yacht and, when well into his eighties, he was riding astride elephants in northern India. As President of the Normandy Veterans Association, he attended the annual commemoration of the D-Day landings and rarely missed the reunions of 1 RHA Aden Veterans. David Baines married, in 1948, Honor Coriat, whom he met when her father was Area Governor of Tripolitania, and who was the greatest support throughout their life together. She survives him with their two sons, both of whom became cavalry officers before having careers in the City. David Baines, born December 22 1923, died March 1 2018 Popular flautist who was heard in Leia’s theme from Star Wars P ETER LLOYD, who has died aged 86, played principal flute with the London Symphony Orchestra from 1967 to 1987; he was also a distinguished soloist in his own right as well as a much-loved teacher. In 1969 John Williams wrote a concerto for him, full of ethereal tone colours; Lloyd would repay the compliment some years later with his exquisite rendition of the solo from Leia’s theme in the soundtrack to Star Wars. Lloyd was the choice of many conductors when a flute concerto, especially a modern one, was on the programme. André Previn conducted him in Nielsen’s Concerto in 1972 and Malcolm Arnold’s Concerto the following year, while in 1974 his account of Cristóbal Halffter’s Fibonaciana was described by a Daily Telegraph critic as being “played with great fire and conviction”. Peter John Lloyd was born at Broadstone, Dorset, on September 9 1931, later describing his father as “something in the City”. He was educated at Dauntsey’s School, Wiltshire, where he took up flute at age 14. He told Robert Bigio in the journal Flute how he was encouraged by “a marvellous man whose name was Mr Nightingale”, who proved to be an inspirational teacher even if he was unaware of the niceties of flute playing. Excused National Service because of his asthma, Lloyd entered the Royal College of Music to study with Edward Walker, principal flautist of the LSO. During his final year, having earlier been thrown out of the National Youth Orchestra for not being good enough, he joined the Scottish National Orchestra, playing on a wooden flute. “There were only two people after the second flute job,” he recalled of his application for the post. “The other bloke had just got out of a military band and didn’t know what an orchestra part was.” Within a couple of years Lloyd had saved enough money to take six months out. He now studied with Fernand Caratgé in France, who taught him the art of perfection and helped him switch to a silver instrument. Eventually he made his way to the BBC Northern Orchestra in Manchester. He had always wanted to play for John Barbirolli, conductor of the Lloyd ’played with great fire and conviction’, said one critic neighbouring Hallé Orchestra, and was thrilled when Barbirolli offered him a post. Yet on the day that the Hallé contract landed on his desk, the LSO called to offer him the post in London. After 20 years with the orchestra, during which he also taught at the Guildhall School of Music and Drama and played with several leading chamber music ensembles including Barry Tuckwell’s wind quintet, Lloyd accepted an offer to join Indiana University in the US. There he joined a remarkable group of musicians led by the cellist János Starker and the pianist Menahem Pressler. “I loved it. It was heaven,” he said of his early days. But within a few years he had changed his tune: “I didn’t understand how important sport was to American universities,” he said, pointing out that his music students were being wasted on marching bands rather than undertaking serious musical study. Back in Britain, Lloyd settled again in Manchester. He had intended to continue playing and soon arranged a concert of music by Czech composers. But not long beforehand he came down with pneumonia, exacerbated by his asthma. “The air would not work,” he recalled, “Then I said to myself, ‘Aren’t you lucky! You don’t have to worry any more’. ” At which point he stopped playing professionally. Instead, from 1993 he was professor of flute at the Royal Northern College of Music, where he was made an honorary fellow in 1999. Peter Lloyd married, first, Geraldine Purser, in 1960. That was dissolved, as was his second marriage to Thelma Handy, leader of the Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra. He is survived by six sons, three from each marriage. Peter Lloyd, born September 9 1931, died April 15 2018 30 Tuesday 24 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph *** Television & radio Last night on television Benji Wilson n What to watch Westworld is back with a vengeance – and more action and part-monster movie. It follows two Royal Navy ships in the 1840s on a journey to discover the Northwest Passage through the Arctic. Conditions worsen, resources dwindle and strange creatures lurk as the crews begin to turn on each other. A top-notch cast, led by Ciarán Hinds, Jared Harris and Tobias Menzies, keeps the tension high and the humanity front and centre among some difficult characters. GT The Split BBC ONE, 9.00PM T Fired up: Evan Rachel Wood as Dolores in the return of the Sky Atlantic sci-fi series he first season of Westworld (Sky Atlantic) was so confusing that attempting to explain it to a newcomer required a degree in metaphysics, a 10ft whiteboard and some Nurofen. Set in a futuristic Wild West theme park, peopled by robots indistinguishable from humans, where “guests” could play out their basest human desires, it was unashamedly a treatise on the nature of reality, consciousness and determinism. And if that sounds a bit heavy for a Monday night, plenty agreed. But actually, as the series returns for a second run, what’s most striking about Westworld is just how much fun it all is. It probably isn’t what its creators want people to like it for – as evidenced by their insistence on some pseudishly circular dialogue about reality, consciousness and determinism – but Westworld is best enjoyed as an epic shoot ’em up. There was a lot of epically shooting ’em up in last night’s first episode, which contained a body count that made Rambo look like The Sound of Music. The robots had acquired both self-awareness and guns, and you can guess what followed. It was hard not to root for Dolores (Evan Rachel Wood) and Maeve (Thandie Newton) as they meted out great vengeance on their cruel former masters. The best scenes involved Newton and the park’s unctuous “story architect” Lee Sizemore (Simon Quarterman). Sporting a power-suit and a large rifle she humiliated him for some of the duff lines he’d written for her and then made him strip off entirely. Given that Newton had had to parade nude to no obvious purpose in series one, this felt like a rejoinder both to the slimeball Sizemore and to the series’s critics. Those same critics felt that series one asked too many wafty, highfalutin questions without providing any satisfying answers; this time around the show appears to have greater direction. Increasingly we’re following Bernard (Jeffrey Wright), the programmer who turned out to be a robot himself. It’s the right play – Wright is terrific. He’s able to express an ontological crisis (which is basically what Westworld is) through gestures and expressions, rather than in quotable, but ultimately meaningless, aphorisms. Westworld is best when there’s less talk, more action. Benji Wilson E ven habitual harrumpher Jeremy Paxman was impressed by the standard of quizzing in the grand final of University Challenge (BBC Two). “It’s amazing what people know, isn’t it?” marvelled the host. Indeed it was, covering eclectic topics from the Shipping Forecast to Chinese literature, from the Black Lives Matter movement in the US to Egyptian politician Boutros Boutros-Ghali. For the fifth year in a row, the showdown was an all-Oxbridge affair. It’s becoming like a brainbox version of the Boat Race. First-time finalists St John’s College, Cambridge, took on Merton College, Oxford, who last won the contest back in 1980. At a cursory glance, this episode could have been filmed anytime in the last half-century. University Challenge is impervious to change, with everything reassuringly familiar: the jaunty string music, the lo-fi buzzers, the split-screen effect, viewers’ air-punching pride when they get one right. Even the teams’ appearances – ill-fitting blazers, patterned ties, polo-necks, non-statement specs and resolutely unfashionable haircuts – were a throwback. Once battle commenced, it was a women’s world out there. The star players were the only two female participants: Merton captain Leonie Woodland, who looked worried even while reeling off correct answers, and St John’s’ Rosie McKeown, lightningquick queen of the starter question. The six males – even the teams’ respective “human Googles”, Merton’s Akira Wiberg and John-Clark Levin from St John’s – barely got a look-in. It was a ding-dong clash, with Merton racing into an early lead before St John’s clawed their way back. Once the Cambridge college got their bookish noses in front, they stayed there, winning by 145 points to 100. This final’s female domination continued as the trophy was presented by composer Judith Weir. This 47th series hasn’t been a vintage one, due to the lack of a cult figure like 2009 phenomenon Gail Trimble, 2010’s deadpan Alexander Guttenplan, 2015’s Ted Loveday or last year’s Eric Monkman, whose grimacing, gurning facial expressions inspired “Monkmania”. However, it remains quietly gripping and pleasingly highbrow in a dumbed-down world. As Paxman concluded: “Until next time, goodbye.” Michael Hogan Westworld ★★★★ University Challenge ★★★ Abi Morgan’s latest television drama is perhaps her most mainstream yet after the psychological trauma of River and period precision of The Hour, but that doesn’t mean that it’s superficial. The set up is the stuff of classic family melodrama: London divorce lawyer Hannah Stern (Nicola Walker) clashes with her mother (Deborah Findlay) when she leaves the family firm for a bigger, flashier rival – and the pair end up on opposite sides in a highprofile case between a sportswear mogul (Stephen Tompkinson) and his wife (Meera Syal). Complicating matters further, Hannah’s estranged father (Anthony Head) returns after 30 years, leaving Hannah and her two sisters (Annabel Scholey and Fiona Button), one a singleton, the other engaged, in turmoil. There’s an unselfconscious gloss not often seen on British TV, and the set-ups are ripe for the sort of narrative twists in which Morgan excels, all peppered with her familiarly pointed dialogue. Walker and Stephen Flight HS13 CHANNEL 4, 11.00PM An absorbing Dutch thriller in which a woman (Katja Schuurman) goes in search of her husband (Daniel Boissevain) after he fails to board a plane which subsequently crashes. The full series will be available on Walter Presents from 11.55pm. GT Entertainment Cunk on Britain BBC TWO, 10.00PM; N IRELAND, 11.15PM Can Diane Morgan’s Legal eagle: Nicola Walker as divorce lawyer Hannah Mangan are particularly convincing as a couple still in love but also in denial about the cracks appearing in their marriage. There’s nothing guilty about this pleasure. Gabriel Tate Rent for Sex / The Botox Bust: Ellie Undercover Arts Tate Britain’s Great Art Walks BBC ONE, 10.45PM & 11.15PM; SCOTLAND, 11.45PM & 12.15AM SKY ARTS, 9.00PM Gus Casely-Hayford brings Jeremy Paxman to the Cairngorms, inspiration for Edwin Landseer, who sculpted the four lions of Nelson’s Column but never fulfilled his promise after a breakdown set the pattern of mental-health issues that would dog him for life. GT Documentary Fatberg Autopsy: Secrets of the Sewers CHANNEL 4, 9.00PM This grotesque film Tate Britain’s Great Art Walks follows presenter Rick Edwards and technician Carla Valentine as they pull apart one of those enormous lumps of congealed fat and assorted unpleasantness, uncovering a grim truths about modern life. GT Investigative journalist Ellie Flynn goes undercover to explore the alarming phenomena of landlords offering rooms in exchange for sex, and then the professional misuse of Botox. GT Drama The Terror AMC, 9.00PM Turning Dan Simmons’s slightly pulpy source material into a gripping drama, this new series is part-psychological thriller, The Terror: Ciarán Hinds dunderheaded alter-ego wring laughs from the first half of the 20th century? Of course she can, when her real targets are the many pofaced documentaries on the same that preceded her. GT Sport Champions League Football: Liverpool v Roma BT SPORT 2, 7.45PM Having brushed aside Manchester City 5-1 on aggregate, Liverpool take on Roma in what should be a pulsating semi-final first leg at Anfield. Radio choice Charlotte Runcie Jeremy Vine: Agony Uncle RADIO 2, 10.00PM As part of BBC Radio 2’s Funny Fortnight of new comedy pilots, this is a surreal alternate-universe spoof of Jeremy Vine’s radio show. It features bizarre phone-ins such as “Should cheese be weaponised?” and also allows us to listen in on Radio 1 FM 97.6-99.8MHz 6.30 am The Radio 1 Breakfast Show with Nick Grimshaw 10.00 Clara Amfo 12.45 pm Newsbeat 1.00 Scott Mills 4.00 Greg James 5.45 Newsbeat 6.00 Greg James 7.00 Annie Mac 9.00 The 8th with Dev 11.00 Huw Stephens 1.00 am Annie Nightingale 3.00 Movies That Made Me: Emma Stone and Ben Affleck 4.00 - 6.30am Radio 1’s Early Breakfast Show with Adele Roberts Radio 2 FM 88-90.2MHz 6.30 9.30 12.00 2.00 5.00 7.00 8.00 10.00 10.30 11.00 11.30 12.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 am Chris Evans Ken Bruce Jeremy Vine pm Steve Wright in the Afternoon Amol Rajan Jamie Cullum Jo Whiley ◆ Jeremy Vine: Agony Uncle. See Radio choice ◆ Josh Widdicombe Will Make Your Life Better. See Radio choice Nigel Ogden: The Organist Entertains Listen to the Band Sounds of the 80s am Radio 2’s Folk Playlist Radio 2 Playlist: 90s Hits Radio 2 Playlist: Wednesday Workout - 6.30am Nicki Chapman Radio 3 FM 90.2-92.4MHz 6.30 am Breakfast 9.00 Essential Classics 12.00 Composer of the Week: Strozzi 1.00 pm News 1.02 Radio 3 Lunchtime Concert Vine’s off-air conversations, including ones with none other than US President Donald Trump, who seeks the broadcaster’s advice while the music is playing. Vine is played here with such uncanny accuracy by the actor and impressionist Lewis Macleod that I had to double check it wasn’t really the presenter. 2.00 4.30 5.00 7.00 7.30 10.00 10.45 11.00 12.30 Afternoon Concert BBC Young Musician 2018 In Tune In Tune Mixtape Radio 3 in Concert Free Thinking The Essay: Dark Blossoms Late Junction - 6.30am Through the Night Radio 4 FM 92.4-94.6MHz; LW 198KHz 6.00 8.30 9.00 9.30 9.45 9.45 10.00 11.00 11.30 12.00 12.01 12.04 12.15 12.57 1.00 1.45 2.00 2.15 3.00 3.30 4.00 4.30 5.00 5.54 6.00 6.30 7.00 7.15 7.45 8.00 8.40 9.00 9.30 10.00 10.45 11.00 11.30 am Today LW: Yesterday in Parliament The Long View Nature’s Great Invaders FM: Book of the Week: Sharp: The Women Who Made an Art of Having an Opinion LW: Daily Service Woman’s Hour The Second Genome The Voices of News pm LW: Shipping Forecast Home Front Call You and Yours Weather The World at One Chinese Characters The Archers Drama: Mythos The Kitchen Cabinet Costing the Earth Word of Mouth Great Lives PM LW: Shipping Forecast Six O’Clock News Love in Recovery The Archers Front Row Curious Under the Stars Too Young to Veil? In Touch All in the Mind The Long View The World Tonight Book at Bedtime: Nikesh Shukla – The One Who Wrote Destiny Richard Marsh: Cardboard Heart Today in Parliament Josh Widdicombe Will Make Your Life Better RADIO 2, 10.30PM Another of the Funny Fortnight pilots tonight is a new panel show presented by Josh Widdicombe, he of Channel 4’s The Last Leg and the BBC Three sitcom Josh. Here Widdicombe plays a version of himself, and this 12.00 News and Weather 12.30 am Book of the Week: Sharp: The Women Who Made an Art of Having an Opinion 12.48 Shipping Forecast 1.00 As World Service 5.20 Shipping Forecast 5.30 News Briefing 5.43 Prayer for the Day 5.45 Farming Today 5.58 - 6.00am Tweet of the Day Radio 5 Live MW 693 & 909KHz 6.00 am 5 Live Breakfast 10.00 The Emma Barnett Show with Anna Foster 1.00 pm Afternoon Edition 4.00 5 Live Drive 6.30 5 Live Sport 7.45 5 Live Sport: Champions League Football 2017-18. Liverpool v AS Roma (kick-off 7.45pm) 10.00 5 Live Sport: 5 Live Football Social 10.30 Phil Williams 1.00 am Up All Night 5.00 Morning Reports 5.15 - 6.00am Wake Up to Money Classic FM FM 99.9-101.9MHz 6.00 9.00 1.00 5.00 7.00 8.00 am More Music Breakfast John Suchet pm Anne-Marie Minhall Classic FM Drive Smooth Classics at Seven The Full Works Concert. Over the next four nights, the station celebrates the best recordings of 2018. Tonight Jane Jones features work by Grieg, Albeniz, Danzi and Philip Stopford 10.00 Smooth Classics 1.00 - 6.00am Sam Pittis World Service DIGITAL ONLY 6.00am Newsday 8.06 BBC World Hacks 8.30 Business Daily 8.50 week he’s joined by Harry Hill and Fay Ripley as the guests who are squabbling over the panel show’s central premise: what life hacks, hare-brained ideas and elaborate schemes can a group of celebrities and comedians come up with to help us live our lives? Each suggestion is demonstrated, tested and critiqued on air. Witness 9.00 News 9.06 The Forum 9.50 Sporting Witness 10.00 World Update 11.00 The Newsroom 11.30 In the Studio 12.00 News 12.06pm Outlook 1.00 The Newsroom 1.30 The Documentary 2.00 Newshour 3.00 News 3.06 BBC World Hacks 3.30 World Business Report 4.00 BBC OS 6.00 News 6.06 Outlook 7.00 The Newsroom 7.30 Sport Today 8.00 News 8.06 BBC World Hacks 8.30 Click 9.00 Newshour 10.00 News 10.06 The Documentary 10.30 In the Studio 11.00 News 11.06 The Newsroom 11.20 Sports News 11.30 World Business Report 12.00 News 12.06am The Forum 12.50 Sporting Witness 1.00 News 1.06 Business Matters 2.00 News 2.06 The Newsroom 2.30 The Documentary 3.00 News 3.06 Newsday 3.30 The Compass 4.00 News 4.06 Newsday 5.00 News 5.06 The Newsroom 5.30 - 6.00am Click Radio 4 Extra DIGITAL ONLY 6.00am Rogue Justice 6.30 Grasshead Racers 7.00 Stockport, So Good They Named It Once 7.30 Love in Recovery 8.00 The Ken Dodd Show 8.30 The Men from the Ministry 9.00 The News Quiz Extra 9.45 Helen Keen’s It Is Rocket Science 10.00 The Idiot 11.00 Grounded 11.15 Forest Tales 12.00 The Ken Dodd Show 12.30pm The Men from the Ministry 1.00 Rogue Justice 1.30 Grasshead Racers 2.00 Expo 58 2.15 Shakespeare’s Restless World 2.30 Good News 2.45 Catch Me If You Can 3.00 The Idiot 4.00 It’s Not What You Know 4.30 The Wordsmiths at Gorsemere 5.00 Stockport, So Good They Named It Once 5.30 Love in Recovery 6.00 The Man Who Was Thursday 6.30 Pioneers 7.00 The Ken Dodd Show 7.30 The Men from the Ministry 8.00 Rogue Justice. Thriller, by Geoffrey Household. Originally broadcast in 2009 8.30 Grasshead Racers. Dorset’s annual lawnmower race. From 2004 9.00 Grounded 9.15 Forest Tales 10.00 Comedy Club 12.00 The Man Who Was Thursday 12.30am Pioneers 1.00 Rogue Justice 1.30 Grasshead Racers 2.00 Expo 58 2.15 Shakespeare’s Restless World 2.30 Good News 2.45 Catch Me If You Can 3.00 The Idiot 4.00 It’s Not What You Know 4.30 The Wordsmiths at Gorsemere 5.00 Stockport, So Good They Named It Once 5.30 - 6.00am Love in Recovery The Daily Telegraph Tuesday 24 April 2018 *** 31 Today’s television FV Freeview FS Freesat (AD) Audio description (R) Repeat (S) Subtitles (SL) In-vision signing BBC Two ITV Channel 4 Channel 5 6.00 am Breakfast (S) 9.15 Rip Off Britain: Food (S) 10.00 Homes Under the Hammer (AD) (S) 11.00 Heir Hunters (S) 11.45 The Housing Enforcers (S) 12.15 pm Bargain Hunt (AD) (R) (S) 1.00 BBC News at One; Weather (S) 1.30 Regional News; Weather (S) 1.45 Doctors (AD) (S) 2.15 800 Words (AD) (S) 3.00 Escape to the Country (AD) (S) 3.45 Flipping Profit (AD) (S) 4.30 Flog It! (R) (S) 5.15 Pointless (S) 6.00 BBC News at Six; Weather (S) 6.30 Regional News; Weather (S) 6.00 am Flog It! Trade Secrets (R) (S) 6.25 Heir Hunters (R) (S) 7.10 The Super League Show (S) 8.00 Sign Zone: Sea Cities – Bristol (R) (S) (SL) 9.00 Victoria Derbyshire (S) 10.00 Live Snooker: The World Championship. Ding Junhui v Xiao Guodong and Stuart Bingham v Jack Lisowski (S) 12.00 Daily Politics (S) 1.00 pm Live Snooker: The World Championship Luca Brecel v Ricky Walden and Mark Williams v Jimmy Robertson (S) 6.00 Eggheads (R) (S) 6.30 Britain in Bloom (S) 6.00 am Good Morning Britain (S) 8.30 Lorraine (S) 9.25 The Jeremy Kyle Show (S) 10.30 This Morning (S) 12.30 pm Loose Women (S) 1.30 News; Weather (S) 1.55 Regional News; Weather (S) 2.00 Judge Rinder (S) 3.00 Tenable (S) 4.00 Tipping Point (S) 5.00 The Chase (S) 6.00 Regional News; Weather (S) 6.30 News; Weather (S) 6.00 am Countdown (R) (S) 6.45 3rd Rock from the Sun (AD) (R) (S) 7.10 3rd Rock from the Sun (AD) (R) (S) 7.35 Everybody Loves Raymond (R) (S) 8.00 Everybody Loves Raymond (R) (S) 8.30 Frasier (R) (S) 9.00 Frasier (R) (S) 9.35 Frasier (R) (S) 10.05 Ramsay’s Hotel Hell (AD) (R) (S) 11.00 Undercover Boss USA (R) (S) 12.00 Channel 4 News (S) 12.05 pm Coast vs Country (AD) (R) (S) 1.05 Posh Pawnbrokers (R) (S) 2.10 Countdown (S) 3.00 A Place in the Sun: Home or Away (R) (S) 4.00 Escape to the Chateau: DIY (AD) (S) 5.00 Four in a Bed (R) (S) 5.30 Buy It Now (S) 6.00 The Simpsons (AD) (R) (S) 6.30 Hollyoaks (AD) (R) (S) 6.00 am Milkshake! 9.15 The Wright Stuff (S) 11.15 Can’t Pay? We’ll Take It Away! (R) (S) 12.10 pm 5 News Lunchtime (S) 12.15 GPs: Behind Closed Doors (AD) (R) (S) 1.10 Access (S) 1.15 Home and Away (AD) (S) 1.45 Neighbours (AD) (S) 2.15 NCIS (AD) (R) (S) 3.15 FILM: Secrets of Eden (2012, TVM) Drama starring John Stamos (S) 5.00 5 News at 5 (R) (S) 5.30 Neighbours (AD) (R) (S) 6.00 Home and Away (AD) (R) (S) 6.30 5 News Tonight (S) Cunk on Britain This Time Next Year Holby City 7.00 Antiques Road Trip Christina Trevanion and James Braxton begin their hunt in the Scottish Borders (S) 7.00 The One Show Live chat and topical reports (S) 7.30 EastEnders The residents are furious about Max’s return (AD) (S) Flight HS13 7.00 Autumn in Loch Lomond Cameras document autumn events at Loch Lomond and the Trossachs National Park (R) (S) 7.30 Devon and Cornwall Cops Documentary following the work of police officers in the two counties (AD) (R) (S) 8.00 Top of the Shop with Tom Kerridge Sweetmakers compete for a place in the final (AD) (S) 8.00 This Time Next Year Davina McCall meets a young couple desperate to start a family against all odds (AD) (S) 8.00 Class of Mum and Dad Lateness is among the problems at Blackrod Primary School (AD) (S) 8.00 The Yorkshire Vet Julian Norton is called out to a sick llama (S) 9.00 The Split New series. A top divorce lawyer finds business is personal when she leaves the family firm See What to watch (AD) (S) 9.00 Hospital Cameras follow stranded patients at Nottingham University Hospitals (S) 9.00 Last Laugh in Vegas The performers wonder whether the show should go on after a tragedy hits Nevada (AD) (S) 9.00 Fatberg Autopsy: Secrets of the Sewers Rick Edwards and experts examine a huge blockage of fat and human waste See What to watch (AD) (S) 9.00 Ben Nevis: The Venomous Mountain Examining one of Britain’s most iconic mountains (S) 10.00 BBC News at Ten (S) 10.30 Regional News; Weather (S) 10.45 Rent for Sex: Ellie Undercover Part one of two. Landlords offering rooms in properties in exchange for sexual favours See What to watch (AD) (S) 10.00 Cunk on Britain Mark Lawson joins Philomena to discuss the first half of the 20th century See What to watch (AD) (S) 10.30 Newsnight (S) 10.00 News; Weather (S) 10.30 Regional News; Weather (S) 10.45 The Cruise: Sailing the Caribbean Captain Bob Oliver enjoys his last tour of duty before retirement (AD) (R) (S) 10.00 The World’s Most Luxurious Airline (AD) (R) (S) 11.00 Flight HS13 See What to watch 11.55 Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA 12.45am One Born Every Minute 1.45 The Secret Life of the Zoo 2.40 The Channel: The World’s Busiest Waterway 3.35 Come Dine Champion of Champions 4.30 Building the Dream 5.25 Steph and Dom’s One Star to Five Star 5.50 - 6.00am Kirstie’s Handmade Treasures 11.15 The Botox Bust: Ellie Undercover See What to watch 11.45 Live at the Apollo 12.35- 6.00am News S4C 11.15 The Durrells 12.10am Jackpot247 3.00 Loose Women 3.45 ITV Nightscreen 5.05 - 6.00am The Jeremy Kyle Show BBC Four Northern Ireland BBC One: No variations BBC Two: 10.00 - 10.30pm Keepin ’er Country 11.15 Cunk on Britain 11.45 Snooker: The World Championship 12.35 2.05am Snooker: World Championship Extra 7.00 pm Beyond 100 Days 7.30 Sea City 8.00 King Alfred and the AngloSaxons 9.00 The Story of the Jews 10.00 Majesty and Mortar: Britain’s Great Palaces 11.00 Chivalry and Betrayal: The Hundred Years War 12.00 Francesco’s Italy Top to Toe 1.00 am Top of the Pops: 1983 1.40 Top of the Pops: 1983 2.15 - 3.15am The Story of the Jews ITV3 UTV: 8.00 - 9.00pm The Spirit of Northern Ireland Awards 10.45 This Time Next Year 11.45 Give It a Year 12.10am The Cruise: Sailing the Caribbean 12.35 Teleshopping 2.05 - 3.00am ITV Nightscreen Scotland BBC One: 8.00 - 9.00pm River City 10.45 Holby City 11.45 Rent for Sex: Ellie Undercover 12.15am The Botox Bust: Ellie Undercover 12.45 Live at the Apollo 1.35 - 6.00am BBC News BBC Two: ITV2 E4 Noon The Goldbergs 1.00pm The Big Bang Theory 2.00 How I Met Your Mother 3.00 New Girl 4.00 Brooklyn Nine-Nine 5.00 The Goldbergs 6.00 The Big Bang Theory 7.00 Hollyoaks 7.30 Extreme Cake Makers 8.00 The Big Bang Theory 9.00 Gotham 10.00 Supernatural 11.00 The Big Bang Theory 12.00 First Dates 1.05am Tattoo Fixers 2.05 Gotham 2.55 Supernatural 3.404.05am How I Met Your Mother More4 11.35am Four in a Bed 2.10pm Come Dine with Me 4.50 A Place in the Sun: ITV4 FV 24 FS 117 SKY 120 VIRGIN 118 10.25 12.35 1.35 2.40 3.15 3.45 4.15 4.50 5.20 5.55 7.00 8.00 10.00 11.45 12.50 1.50 2.55 3.55 5.00 6.05 7.05 8.00 9.00 11.30 12.55 2.00 2.30 10.20am The Bachelor 12.15pm Emmerdale 12.45 Coronation Street 1.45 The Ellen DeGeneres Show 2.35 The Jeremy Kyle Show 5.50 Take Me Out 7.00 You’ve Been Framed! Gold 8.00 Two and a Half Men 9.00 FILM: American Pie: The Wedding (2003) The friends reunite to celebrate Jim and Michelle’s forthcoming trip to the altar – but events quickly spiral out of control. Comedy sequel with Jason Biggs and Alyson Hannigan 11.00 Family Guy 11.55 American Dad! 12.55am Celebrity Juice 1.40 Two and a Half Men 2.25-5.55am Teleshopping 1.00 am SuperCasino 3.10 Britain’s Great Cathedrals with Tony Robinson 4.00 Tattoo Disasters UK 4.25 Tattoo Disasters UK 4.45 House Doctor 5.10 Wildlife SOS 5.35 - 6.00am House Doctor Summer Sun 5.50 Ugly House to Lovely House with George Clarke 6.55 The Secret Life of the Zoo 7.55 Grand Designs 9.00 My Floating Home 10.00 24 Hours in A&E 11.05 Millionaires’ Mansions: Designing Britain’s Most Exclusive Homes 12.10am 8 Out of 10 Cats Does Countdown 1.10 Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA 2.05 My Floating Home 3.10-3.50am 8 Out of 10 Cats Uncut Dave Noon American Pickers 1.00pm Top Gear 3.00 Sin City Motors 4.00 Steve Austin’s Broken Skull Challenge 5.00 Top Gear 6.00 Room 101 6.40 Would I Lie to You? 8.00 Scrappers – Back in the Yard 9.00 Would I Lie to You? 11.00 Live at the Apollo 12.00 QI 1.20am Mock the Week 2.00 QI 3.15 Parks and Recreation 3.40-4.00am The Indestructibles Sky Sports Main Event 10.00am Live ATP Tennis. The Barcelona Open. Coverage of the second day in the clay-court tournament at the Real Club de Tenis Barcelona3.00pm Live Indian Premier League. Mumbai Indians v Sunrisers Hyderabad 7.30 Live EFL Derby County v Cardiff City (Kick-off 7.45pm) 10.15 The Debate 11.15 PL Greatest Games 12.00 Sky Sports News 1.00am Live WWE Late Night Smackdown 3.00-6.00am Sky Sports News No variations STV: 10.30 - 11.05pm Scotland Tonight 11.15 Heroes and Villains: Caught on Camera 12.15am Teleshopping 1.15 After Midnight 2.45 ITV Nightscreen 4.05 The Jeremy Kyle Show 5.00 - 6.00am Teleshopping Wales BBC One: No variations BBC Two: 11.15pm First Minister’s Questions 12.05am Snooker: The World Championship 12.55 - 2.05am Snooker: World Championship Extra ITV Wales: 6.00 - 6.30pm ITV News Wales at Six 10.45 - 11.15pm Give It a Year ITV Regions No variations, except: ITV Channel: 12.10 - 3.00am ITV Nightscreen FV Freeview FS Freesat (AD) Audio description (R) Repeat (S) Subtitles (SL) In-vision signing FV 10 FS 115 SKY 119 VIRGIN 117 am Agatha Christie’s Marple pm The Royal Heartbeat Classic Coronation Street Classic Coronation Street On the Buses On the Buses You’re Only Young Twice George and Mildred Heartbeat Murder, She Wrote Midsomer Murders Last Laugh in Vegas: Showtime The Street am The Street ITV3 Nightscreen - 6.00am Teleshopping Sons of the Desert (1934, b/w) This Laurel and Hardy comedy is a joyous romp. Stan Laurel and Oliver Hardy scheme to outwit their wives and secretly attend a fraternal lodge meeting in Chicago. Based on a story by Frank Craven, an American actor, playwright, and screenwriter, best known for originating the role of the Stage Manager in Thornton Wilder’s Our Town, it holds together well and is full of sparkling jokes. American Gangster (2007) ITV4, 11.30PM ★★★★ Freeview, satellite and cable FV 9 FS 107 SKY 116 VIRGIN 107 Terence Fisher teamed up with Hammer Films for this child-friendly spin-off from The Adventures of Robin Hood TV series, with Richard Greene, who reprises his role here. Peter Cushing stars as the dastardly Sheriff of Nottingham who is out to murder the Archbishop of Canterbury. It’s a cheap and cheerful affair that remains true to the spirit of the original. 10.00 When TV Goes Horribly Wrong A compilation of television mishaps (R) (S) Variations 6.00am Cyw 12.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 12.05pm Y Ty Cymreig 12.30 Cwymp yr Ymerodraethau 1.30 Only Men Aloud 2.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 2.05 Prynhawn Da 3.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 3.05 John ac Alun 3.30 Gwyllt ar Grwydr 4.00 Awr Fawr 5.00 Stwnsh 6.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 6.05 04 Wal 6.30 Rownd a Rownd 7.00 Heno 7.30 Pobol y Cwm 8.00 Ffit Cymru 9.00 Newyddion 9 a’r Tywydd 9.30 Y Ditectif 10.30 Wil ac Aeron: Taith Rwmania 11.00 - 11.35pm Pobol y Rhondda FILM4, 5.15PM ★★★ TALKING PICTURES, 6.40PM ★★★★★ 8.00 Holby City Dominic is confronted by a ghost from the past (AD) (S) 11.15 Snooker: The World Championship 12.05am Snooker: World Championship Extra 2.05 Sign Zone: MasterChef 3.05 Sign Zone: Secret Agent Selection: WW2 4.05 - 6.00am This Is BBC Two Sword of Sherwood Forest (1960) Ben Nevis: The Venomous Mountain 7.00 Channel 4 News (S) 7.00 Emmerdale (AD) (S) ALAMY BBC One Film choice ALAMY Main channels Sky One SKY 106 VIRGIN 110 am The Avengers pm Ironside Quincy ME Minder The Saint The Avengers Cash Cowboys Pawn Stars World Superbike Highlights FILM: Lethal Weapon 4 (1998) Action adventure starring Mel Gibson and Danny Glover 11.30 pm FILM: American Gangster (2007) Drama starring Denzel Washington See Film choice 2.35 am The Protectors 3.00 - 6.00am Teleshopping Noon 1.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 5.30 6.30 8.00 9.00 10.00 Sky Sports Premier League 8.30 Pawn Stars 9.00 Amelia Earhart: The Lost Evidence 11.00 The Lowe Files 12.00 The Curse of Oak Island 2.00am Storage Wars 2.30 Pawn Stars 3.004.00am Ancient Aliens 11.00am MNF 3.00pm Premier League Highlights 4.30 Premier League 100 Club 5.30 Premier League Highlights 7.30 Gillette Soccer Special 10.00 PL Greatest Games 10.15 The Debate 11.15 PL Greatest Games 12.00 PL Best Goals 00/01 1.00am The Debate 2.00 PL Review 3.00-4.00am The Debate BT Sport 1 10.30am Live WTA Tennis. Day two of the Porsche Tennis Grand Prix in Stuttgart 4.30pm BT Sport Goals Reload 5.00 The Emirates FA Cup Highlights 5.30 Live WTA Tennis. Day two of the Porsche Tennis Grand Prix in Stuttgart 9.30 UFC: Beyond the Octagon 10.00 AFL 12.00 30 for 30 1.00am Live NBA. Action from the NBA playoffs, a best-ofseven elimination tournament among the season’s 16 best teams. The two winners (one from each conference) will go on to contest the finals 3.30 BT Sport Goals Reload 3.45-5.45am AFL History Noon Ultimate Vehicles 1.00pm Pawn Stars 2.00 American Pickers 3.00 Counting Cars 4.00 Storage Wars 5.30 Pawn Stars 6.00 Forged in Fire 7.00 American Pickers 8.00 Storage Wars 11.00 12.00 1.00 3.00 NCIS: Los Angeles pm Hawaii Five-0 NCIS: Los Angeles Stargate SG-1 The Simpsons Futurama The Simpsons The Flash The Blacklist The Late Late Show with James Corden: Best of the Week The Force: North-East Brit Cops: Frontline Crime UK am Ross Kemp: Extreme World - 4.00am Duck Quacks Don’t Echo Sky Arts Noon The Seventies 1.00pm Discovering: Ginger Rogers 2.00 Watercolour Challenge 2.30 The Adventurers of Modern Art 3.30 Tales of the Unexpected 4.00 Trailblazers: Conscience Songs 5.00 The Seventies 6.00 Discovering: Ava Gardner 7.00 The Music Videos That Shaped the ‘80s 8.00 Portrait Artist of the Year 2017 9.00 Tate Britain’s Great Art Walks See What to watch 10.00 The Nineties 11.00 Urban Myths: Backstage at Live Aid 11.30 Discovering: Montgomery Clift 12.30am Tate Britain’s Great Art Walks 1.30 Monty Python: Almost the Truth 2.45 Psychob*****s 3.15-4.30am Pink Floyd – Live at Pompeii Sky Cinema Premiere 24 hours, including at: 4.10pm American Wrestler: The Wizard (2016) Drama starring George Kosturos 6.20 The Dark Tower (2017) Fantasy adventure starring Idris Elba 8.00 Rough Night (2017) Things go wrong for a group of girlfriends who hire a male stripper for a hen party in Miami. Sky Atlantic SKY 108 Noon 1.00 2.00 3.00 5.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.10 10.45 11.20 12.40 1.10 2.20 3.15 3.45 Film4 FV 15 FS 300 SKY 315 VIRGIN 428 House pm Without a Trace Blue Bloods The West Wing House CSI: Crime Scene Investigation Blue Bloods Here and Now Crashing The Circus: Inside the Wildest Political Show on Earth Westworld am West:Word Real Time with Bill Maher Tin Star Animals - 4.20am High Maintenance Comedy starring Scarlett Johansson, Kate McKinnon and Zoe Kravitz 9.45 Broken Vows (2016) Premiere. Thriller starring Wes Bentley 11.20 American Wrestler: The Wizard (2016) Drama starring George Kosturos 1.30am Gifted (2017) Drama starring Chris Evans 3.305.30am Sky (2015) Drama starring Diane Kruger and Norman Reedus PBS America 11.55am Spitfire Women 1.10pm The Aviators 2.15 Volcano Above the Clouds 3.20 Spitfire: The Birth of a Legend 4.25 Spitfire Women 5.40 The Aviators 6.40 Volcano Above the Clouds 7.50 The Aviators 9.00 The Ship Sinkers 10.00 The Sinking of the Royal Oak 11.00 The Aviators 12.20am The Ship Sinkers 1.30 Walks Around Britain 2.00-6.00am Teleshopping TCM 24 hours, including at: 5.00pm Sherlock Holmes and the Secret Weapon (1942, b/w) Mystery thriller starring Basil Rathbone 6.20 Sherlock Holmes and the Spider Woman (1944, b/w) Mystery starring Basil Rathbone 7.40 Pursuit to Algiers (1945, b/w) Sherlock Holmes mystery starring Basil Rathbone 9.00 Kelly’s Heroes (1970) American soldiers go behind enemy lines in a bid to get their hands on a fortune in 11.00 am The Sound of Fury (1950, b/w) Drama 12.50 pm Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea (1961) Sci-fi starring Walter Pidgeon 3.00 Strategic Air Command (1955) Drama starring James Stewart 5.15 Sword of Sherwood Forest (1960) Robin Hood adventure See Film choice 6.55 Enemy Mine (1985) Sci-fi starring Dennis Quaid 9.00 X-Men: Days of Future Past (2014) Adventure starring Hugh Jackman 11.35 Hyena (2014) Crime thriller 1.50 - 4.00am Waste Land (2010) Documentary Nazi gold. Second World War adventure with Clint Eastwood, Telly Savalas and Donald Sutherland 11.55 Exit Wounds (2001) Thriller starring Steven Seagal 2.00-4.00am Conspiracy Theory with Jesse Ventura GOLD 11.20am You Rang, M’Lord? 12.20pm The Green Green Grass 1.00 As Time Goes By 1.40 Waiting for God 2.20 Only Fools and Horses 3.00 Last of the Summer Wine 5.00 As Time Goes By 5.35 The Green Green Grass 6.20 Dad’s Army 7.00 You Rang, M’Lord? 8.00 Dad’s Army 8.40 Only Fools and Horses 9.20 Mrs Brown’s Boys 10.00 Bridget & Eamon 10.40 Come Fly with Me 12.00 Live at the Apollo 1.00am Come Fly with Me 1.40 Vic Reeves Big Night Out 2.10 Bridget & Eamon 2.40 Live at the Apollo 3.30-4.00am Come Fly with Me Vintage TV 11.00am Turn It Up Tuesday 1.00pm My Mixtape 2.00 The Nineties, Naturally 5.00 Tune In… To 1976 6.00 Tune In… To 1973 6.30 Tune In… To 1968 7.00 Tune In… To 1977 8.00 Elton John Special 9.00 Me, My Songs & I 10.00 Focus On Coventry 10.30 Neil McCormick’s Needle Time 11.30 Sixties Sirens 12.30am The Night Shift 3.006.00am Neil McCormick’s Needle Time Denzel Washington is imperious as the Seventies Harlem drug kingpin Frank Lucas in Ridley Scott’s cocksure crime thriller. Charting Lucas’s domination of the heroin market during the Vietnam War and his investigation by honest New Jersey cop Richie Roberts (an excellent Russell Crowe), the film features an enthralling final face-off. Cuba Gooding Jnr provides ample support. 32 Tuesday 24 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph *** Weather and crosswords Nature notes Cranes hatch at wetland reserve Two crane chicks have hatched for the first time in Norfolk. The scarce birds arrived at the Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust’s (WWT) Welney Centre last month, to the delight of staff and visitors. Measuring 6in tall when they hatch, crane chicks are quickly able to walk, swim and run. Both parents take an active role in the incubation process, sharing the responsibility of brooding the eggs – swapping over every couple of hours to protect and keep their young warm. Over the next 10 weeks, both birds will protect the chicks from predators and teach them how to find food. The site the birds have chosen to nest on was developed for wet springs, such as the one we have experienced this year. This breeding success adds to an impressive list of species on the WWT site, including the black-winged stilt and black-tailed godwit. Samantha Herbert Our puzzle website Enjoy your favourite Telegraph puzzles with our website. Visit puzzles.telegraph.co.uk Prize puzzles: You can win puzzles added weekly cash prizes with our exclusive Leaderboard: Play online crosswords interactively for points, and Your profile: Create compare your score on the a Nickname and add a photo leaderboard Puzzle archive: More than Print and play: Print 5,000 puzzles from Crosswords puzzles to complete at your to Sudoku. Plus over 50 new leisure The Daily Telegraph published by Telegraph Media Group Ltd, 111 Buckingham Palace Road, London SW1W 0DT. 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