FINAL Thursday 26 April 2018 telegraph.co.uk No 50,677 £ 1.80 Horsing around Is this the end of stable lads and lasses? Family on Thursday Third time around The secret grandparents hide Plus Judith Woods on GCSE hell Family & Features, page 23 Fa Family & Features, page 23 Sport B R I TA I N ’ S B E S T - S E L L I N G Q U A L I T Y D A I LY ‘They will be held to account’ As the Labour anti-Semitism row deepens, union baron threatens five MPs who challenged Corbyn on the issue By Gordon Rayner Political Editor NEWS BRIEFING Puzzles Obituaries TV listings Weather ISSN-0307-1235 9 *ujöeöu#yxc,v.* ÊÁË× ‘I look with disgust at the behaviour of the Corbyn-hater MPs’ BRUCE ADAMS/ SOLO SYNDICATION JEREMY CORBYN’S closest union ally last night warned five “Corbyn-hater” Labour MPs that they would be “held to account” after he accused them of whipping up a row over anti-Semitism to “smear” the Labour leader. The intervention from Len McCluskey, the Unite general secretary, threatens to turn the growing anti-Semitism row within Labour into a civil war just a week before the local elections. Mr McCluskey said Wes Streeting, John Woodcock, Neil Coyle, Chris Leslie and Ian Austin had used anti-Semitism to “toxify” the party. He was accused of deliberately making them targets for abuse at a time when their colleagues have been subjected to death and rape threats for speaking out on the issue. Labour is investigating 90 cases of alleged anti-Semitism by its members, and has suspended 20 members in the past fortnight. Mr Corbyn has said he is committed to tackling anti-Semitism but Mr McCluskey’s comments will undermine the Labour leader’s attempt to change the narrative. Mr Streeting issued a defiant response, saying that “no abuse, intimidation or threats of deselection will prevent me from voicing the concerns of Jewish constituents about anti-Semitism in the Labour Party”. Ruth Smeeth, a Jewish MP, was given a human shield of 40 Labour colleagues yesterday to protect her from far-Left activists as she attended a disciplinary hearing over an incident in which she was the alleged victim of anti-Semitic abuse. And today The Daily Telegraph discloses that a senior member of the shadow cabinet has called on Mr Corbyn to expel Ken Livingstone, the former mayor of London, from the party as he faces a second investigation into comments in which he linked the Nazis to Zionism. Mr Livingstone’s two-year suspension from the party ends tomorrow, but he will immediately be subject to a second suspension pending the outcome of the inquiry into fresh Len McCluskey, main picture and, clockwise from top left, Labour MPs Ian Austin, Chris Leslie, John Woodcock, Wes Streeting and Neil Coyle complaints made about him of “deliberate and offensive behaviour towards the Jewish community”. Mr McCluskey made his comments in an article for New Statesman magazine. He accused Avi Gabbay, the leader of the Israeli Labor Party, of committing a “disgusting libel” on Mr Corbyn when he severed ties with the Labour leader over his alleged hostility towards the Jewish community. Unite has given £11 million to Labour since Mr Corbyn became leader, making it the party’s biggest financial backer. Turning to the Labour MPs, Mr Mc- news Cluskey wrote: “MPs such as Chris Leslie, Neil Coyle (my own MP), John Woodcock, Wes Streeting, Ian Austin, and others, have become a dismal chorus whose every dirge makes winning a Labour government more difficult. “Promiscuous critics must expect to be criticised, and those who wish to hold Corbyn to account can expect to be held to account themselves.” Asked if Mr McCluskey had made him and his colleagues targets for fresh abuse, Mr Woodcock told The Daily Telegraph: “I’m sure it is very deliberately his intention, and it will underline ‘He should be complaining about the people responsible for antiSemitism, not those calling it out’ business Worst neighbourhood TSB chief in line of fire as IT crisis continues 20 for obesity revealed Britain’s childhood obesity crisis is TSB chief Paul Pester is coming under 27 now so grave that more than 50 per mounting pressure as MPs and tech of children are overweight or experts accused the lender of rushing 29 cent obese upon leaving primary school in out a botched IT upgrade. Thousands areas, new figures show. of TSB customers continued to vent 30 some Camberwell Green in south London their anger on social media as outages was yesterday revealed as the first neighbourhood where more children have a BMI of 25 or above than are a healthy weight, according to Public Health England. The ward, along with eight others in London, is in the top 10 worst areas in the country. Page 6 to vital services continued into a sixth day, leaving some unable to pay bills and rent and small business owners fearing being unable to pay staff tomorrow. City watchdog the Financial Conduct Authority said it now had a team working at TSB HQ. Business, page 1 people’s conclusions about how he operates. Nothing is going to stop us from trying to rid the Labour Party of the abhorrence of anti-Semitism.” Mr Coyle accused Mr McCluskey of undermining Labour efforts to tackle anti-Semitism by claiming it “doesn’t exist”, while Mr Austin said: “He should be complaining about the people responsible for anti-Semitism, not the people who are calling it out.” Mr Austin was one of the MPs who spoke out in a debate on anti-Semitism in the Commons last week, during which Labour MPs accused Mr Corbyn of a “betrayal” of Jews and told him: “Enough is enough.” Ms Smeeth yesterday gave evidence to a disciplinary hearing against Marc Wadsworth, a Corbyn supporter and Momentum activist, whom she accuses of making anti-Semitic comments about her in 2016. As she arrived for the hearing, she was heckled by demonstrators from Labour Against The Witch-Hunt, who accused her of being part of a “conspiracy”. comment news Reports: Pages 4 & 5 Editorial Comment: Page 19 Labour will ban Uber Supermarkets vow to and Airbnb, says Truss cut single-use plastic ‘Would you mind telling me how much is in my current account?’ Labour will ban Uber and Airbnb if it gains control of councils, a minister warns today as she brands the Conservatives the party of the “gig economy”. Liz Truss, the Chief Secretary to the Treasury, writes in today’s Telegraph about how the Tory party is the true party of young people, as it allows them to innovate in the new economy. She warns that the Labour Party will ban start-ups such as Uber, Deliveroo and Airbnb, or stifle them with regulation so they fail. Page 18 Every major supermarket in Britain has today pledged to eradicate unnecessary single-use plastics by 2025, under a new “UK Plastics Pact”. The agreement, organised by Wrap, the government-backed waste charity, is a world-leading collaborative effort by Britain’s biggest consumer companies to tackle the scourge of plastic waste on the environment. It means single-use plastics will only be allowed if they are deemed absolutely necessary and are recyclable. Page 7 2 FINAL Thursday 26 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph News ‘It’s a good name...’ teases the Duke By Hannah Furness ROYAL CORRESPONDENT WHEN your name will be spoken all around the world for decades to come, it is important to get it right. So who could blame the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge for waiting a little longer to announce the name of their newborn son? The third Cambridge baby, who was born at 11.01am on Monday, will remain nameless to the wider world for at least a day longer than his older brother and sister, as the Duke and Duchess take their time in sharing their decision. The names of both Prince George and Princess Charlotte were announced by their proud parents two days after their birth, suggesting the Duke and Duchess are struggling to make up their minds the third time around, or simply savouring their secret for a few precious hours longer. The Duke yesterday fuelled speculation about the name during a public engagement, telling a man who suggested he could suit Prince Alexander: “Funny you should say that...” The Duke, who left his two-day-old son at home with the Duchess to attend a commemoration service, teased at- tendees about the as-yet-unknown name, as the world waited to hear what the Prince would be called. Told by Alexander Downer, the Australian High Commissioner, that he favoured his own name as a front-runner, the Duke replied: “Funny you should say that… It’s a good name.” The Dean of Westminster, introducing the Duke to Sir Jerry Mateparae, Mr Downer’s New Zealand counterpart, joked: “Jerry would like it to be Jerry.” “It’s a strong name, I have to say,” the Duke conceded smiling. Asked how the Duchess and the baby were doing, the Duke said: “They’re very well, thanks.” The father-of-three said they are “in good form”, adding: “Sleeping is going reasonably well, he’s behaving himself, which is good news.” The Queen will be informed of the name before it is made public. The Prince of Wales was yesterday travelling back from a service in France, raising the possibility that he could be introduced to his grandson in person before a name is announced. As the Duchess spent time with her mother and brother, four-year-old Prince George was back at school while Princess Charlotte enjoyed the last day of her Easter holiday from nursery. The Duke joined Prince Harry and Meghan Markle at Westminster Abbey for an Anzac Day commemorative service, honouring fallen war heroes of Australia and New Zealand. While the Duke’s words stoked speculation, Alexander is not likely to be a final contender as it is one of Prince George’s middle names. Bookmakers, who reported a lastminute rush on bets, still favour Arthur followed by James, Albert and Philip. The Prince joins siblings Prince George Alexander Louis, born on July 22 2013 and Princess Charlotte Elizabeth Diana, born on May 2 2015. EU prevents UK from backing US sanctions says Hammond Alert after sepsis failures lead to 100 deaths Patients are dying of sepsis because ill-trained staff do not know how to spot the signs, NHS watchdogs have warned. Officials have issued a safety alert after uncovering 100 deaths of hospital patients after failures to identify or act on symptoms of deteriorating health. NHS Improvement has urged all trusts to use a scoring system which is designed to ensure that acutely ill patients receive immediate help. They said staff needed to be trained to use the method in order to prevent future tragedies, including deaths from sepsis, which claims 37,000 lives in England alone every year. Ex-Ukip chairman sues over crackers expenses A former Ukip chairman is suing the party over cream crackers in a row about unpaid expenses. Christopher Spalding is taking legal action against his local branch claiming it owes him £93.20 expenses – including for cheese-flavoured crackers. He refused to accept a £70 offer from Ukip’s Rochester and Strood constituency office in Kent. He was previously told by Roy Freshwater, the constituency chairman, the expenses could not be paid as they were not “appropriately authorised”. Mr Freshwater said: “I wasn’t surprised he brought this forward – he wants the publicity.” By Tim Wallace Cricket ‘ticklers’ fancy repopulating fields Cricket “ticklers” are to help bring a once-common species back from the brink of extinction. Populations of field crickets dropped to just 100 individuals at a single location in the Eighties and despite recovering, they are still one of the UK’s most threatened species. Now the RSPB and Natural England want to boost populations of the crickets, once the soundtracks to summer evenings. Using a technique known as “tickling” with a blade of grass, experts are encouraging young field crickets that are hatching underground to emerge so they can be caught and moved to new areas. Lotto 5 | 14 | 18 | 40 | 41 | 50 | B/Ball 12 Thunderball TOLGA AKMEN/PA BRITAIN and the US will not stand shoulder to shoulder against Vladimir Putin’s regime as the EU is never likely to agree to tough sanctions, the Chancellor has warned. The US and EU rallied around the UK in the wake of the Salisbury nerve agent attack, but unified financial sanctions are more difficult to arrange, as the UK only joins actions when they are imposed either at UN or EU level. Philip Hammond said it was particularly difficult to arrange these in harmony across the EU, indicating Britain would not be able to match those applied by the US earlier this month. Mr Hammond told the Treasury select committee: “While we are still EU members we don’t have, with some very narrow exceptions, an independent sanctioning capability. We are discussing with EU partners the measures the US and others have taken. It is probably fair to say there are varying degrees of appetite within the EU for further pressure on this group of individuals. One of the challenges of working within the EU is that in these areas – foreign policy – one is required to build a consensus of 28, which means, frankly, operating at the lowest common denominator quite often.” Some 20 Conservative backbenchers are reportedly planning to rebel against the Government and force laws to expose corrupt Russian money held in Britain’s overseas territories when the Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Bill is debated next week. The latest round of US sanctions targeted 38 individuals and entities. These included Oleg Deripaska, a high-profile oligarch in Britain. NEWS BULLETIN 1 | 7 | 11 | 31 | 34 | T/Ball 01 Sombre moment Meghan Markle appears moved at an Anzac Day dawn service she attended with Prince Harry at Wellington Arch where he laid a wreath on behalf of the Queen, honouring Australia and New Zealand’s war dead. Alexa ‘nanny’ pleased to teach manners By Matthew Field TECHNOLOGY REPORTER AMAZON’S Alexa voice assistant will teach children to mind their Ps and Qs in response to fears that the voice-activated Echo speakers were leading children to bark orders. The company’s latest speaker will reward children for saying “please” and “thank you” in an attempt to encourage more polite questions. When a child questions a new “Kids Edition” of the Echo speaker and says “please”, it will respond: “Thanks for asking so nicely.” When they say “thank you”, the speaker will reply “you’re welcome” or “no worries”. Children’s charities had previously warned that the commanding way people have learned to address voice assistants was being picked up by children. A report from Childwise found that children were learning to talk “as aggressively or rudely as they like without any consequences”. Amazon put the speaker on sale in the US on Tuesday but did not say if it planned to in the UK. The speaker, which uses its Alexa voice assistant to play music, games or answer ques- tions, will also filter out explicit lyrics and songs from music playlists. Parents had previously slammed Amazon for playing rude songs on their familyfriendly speakers. “Parents can filter explicit songs from Amazon Music and voice shopping is turned off to help prevent unexpected purchases. “Alexa even provides positive feedback when kids ask questions and remember to say ‘please’,” the company said. While the original Echo was designed for those aged 13 and up, it has proved popular with children, and Amazon says the child-friendly version is aimed at children aged five to 12. Amazon has also added features that make the new Alexa almost a voicecontrolled nanny, suggesting parents make voice calls through the Echo to their children, which can link up to other Echo devices in the household, to tell children to come to dinner, do their homework, or even wish them a good night’s sleep. Amazon added: “Let kids know dinner is ready, ask for help with a chore, or remind them to go to sleep – all without raising your voice.” British ticket scoops Village post office £121m Euromillions wins the top gong jackpot prize in ‘Rural Oscars’ By Daily Telegraph Reporter By Daily Telegraph Reporter A BRITISH Euromillions winner has claimed a £121.3 million jackpot, the third biggest win, Camelot has said. The Lotto operator said there will be no information on whether it is an individual or syndicate winner or where the ticket was bought unless the ticketholder goes public. Andy Carter, of Camelot, said: “We will look to support the winner as they take the first steps to enjoy this incredible win.” The winning numbers were 20, 23, 28, 30 and 44 and the lucky stars were 03 and 07. The fortune almost matches the wealth of Adele, the singer, and Calvin Harris, the DJ. In July 2011, Colin and Chris Weir became Europe’s biggest lottery winners when they scooped £161 million. They donated £1 million to the SNP. Adrian and Gillian Bayford, from Suffolk, won £148 million in August 2012. The next biggest winner, of £113 million in 2010, opted to remain anonymous. PONTRILAS Post Office and Store near Hereford was named The Daily Telegraph Village Shop of the Year at the annual Countryside Alliance awards ceremony held at the House of Lords yesterday. Sonya and Nigel Cary, the owners, received their winner’s plaque from Lord Gardiner of Kimble, the minister for rural affairs, and The Daily Telegraph’s Philip Johnston. Other winners of the so-called Rural Oscars, now in their 13th year, were Quex Barn of Birchington, Kent, in the local food and drink category; The Swan in Enford, Wiltshire (Best Pub); Perrys of Eccleshall in Staffordshire (Best Butcher); and Clinks Care Farm of Toft Monks, Norfolk (Best Rural Enterprise). The Clarissa Dickson Wright Award in memory of the late TV chef and former judge went to The School of Artisan Food in Welbeck, Notts. Editorial Comment: Page 19 Councillor charged with FOI offences A Thanet councillor is facing trial for destroying records of a system to catch the owners of fouling dogs. Suzanne Brimm faces three charges related to Freedom of Information requests for details about a dog DNA scheme, including getting rid of records so that they could not be disclosed. It is believed to be the first time that anyone has been charged under Section 77 of the Freedom of Information Act. Cllr Brimm, previously a Ukip member before becoming Independent, has denied the charges and will go on trial at Folkestone Magistrates’ Court on Sept 3. Ticketing website faces legal action on resales The ticketing website Viagogo has been threatened with court action by the competition watchdog for refusing to tell customers if there is a risk they may be turned away at the door. StubHub, Get Me In! and Seatwave have all formally committed to providing better information about tickets being resold through their platforms, the Competition and Markets Authority said. However, it said Viagogo had not yet agreed to make these changes and had been notified that the regulator will take court action unless it “promptly commits to satisfactorily addressing its concerns”. Police called in after cat is blinded by acid attack A cat was the victim of an acid attack, which left it with severe burns and no fur. Owner Lyn Prewer who lives in Exeter, Devon, said that when Georgie, a 10-year-old tabby cat, arrived home on Tuesday night it looked dead. She said: “She had no fur left on her head, her back and legs, and she had froth coming out of her mouth. “The vet has said that it is likely that she will possibly lose her sight.” Devon and Cornwall police believe it was a deliberate attack, and said a vet had confirmed that the animal’s injuries are consistent with contact with battery acid. is a member of the Independent Press Standards Organisation (IPSO) and we subscribe to its Editors’ Code of Practice. If you have a complaint about editorial content, please visit www.telegraph. co.uk/editorialcomplaints or write to ‘Editorial Complaints’ at our postal address (see below). If you are not satisfied with our response, you may appeal to IPSO at www.ipso.co.uk. The Daily Telegraph, 111 Buckingham Palace Road, London, SW1W 0DT ** The Daily Telegraph Thursday 26 April 2018 3 News New gender-balanced questions make University Challenge harder than ever, say contestants By Helena Horton WHEN University Challenge realised that the bulk of their questions related to prominent men, they decided to rectify the situation by ensuring a better gender balance. However, contestants say that the admirable decision had the unintended consequence of making the already notoriously difficult quiz even harder, because fewer people have heard of the prominent female academics and artists to which the questions refer. ITV Studios, which produces the BBC show, confirmed it had been attempting to make questions more diverse, but said contestants should not find them any more difficult as they all fall within the range of academic general knowledge. But one finalist team said that a round relating to female philosophers was more difficult than if it had been about famous male philosophers. They passed on every question. Rosie McKeown, from the winning St John’s, Cambridge, team told The Daily Telegraph: “I know our team did badly on the round about female philosophers, and I think we would have had more names to draw on in order to make an educated guess if the questions had been about men.” Ms McKeown, 20, said she hoped the questions would encourage the public to learn about women in academia, ex- Test yourself The new questions Q. Born in 1919, which female philosopher’s works include The Solitary Self and Beast and Man? A. Mary Midgley Q. Which moral philosopher introduced the Trolley Problem thought experiment into ethics? A. Philippa Foot Q. A close friend of Foot’s at Oxford, which philosopher’s works include The Sovereignty of Good? A. Iris Murdoch Q. Often cited as a glaring omission in Nobel history, who was missed from the 1944 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, which was awarded to Otto Hahn for the discovery of nuclear fission? A. Lise Meitner plaining: “I hope that any increase in difficulty would be offset by the greater awareness of these women created by being mentioned on the show.” Thomas Benson, the questions editor for the show, has confirmed there has been an effort to equalise the gender imbalance. “About three years ago, a viewer wrote in to point out that a recent episode had contained very few questions on women,” he told the New Statesman. “We agreed and decided to do something about it.” This was notable during this week’s final, in which there was a round on female artists and a series of questions about Willa Cather, a noted US author. Contestants also faced a music round on Marin Alsop, the first woman to conduct the Last Night of the Proms, and bonus questions on Anna Komnene, a Byzantine historian and princess. Mr Benson said that he did not believe the questions were any more difficult now they include more women. He explained: “The great majority of the questions that feature women are no different to any others, in that they sit firmly within the realm of standard academic general knowledge.” The questions editor pointed out that they often refer to historical and background details. He gave the example of the bonus rounds on Ruth Ozeki, a Canadian novelist, and Hertha Ayrton, the British physicist, which both teams answered correctly in full. A University Challenge spokesman said: “When deciding on questions, we continue to look at how best they reflect all people of achievement and historical importance, and try and ensure that they are challenging, entertaining and cover a broad range of subject matter.” CHARLOTTE GRAHAM FOR THE TELEGRAPH How TV’s toughest quiz became even more challenging Flower girls Two dancers emerge from The GREENhouse, which is designed to blur the lines between house and garden, at the Harrogate Spring Flower Show. The show opens today and runs until Sunday. Calling visually impaired people blind is too scary, says charity – but it is still seeking a better term By Olivia Rudgard SOCIAL AFFAIRS CORRESPONDENT CALLING people “blind” is old-fashioned and misleading, a charity has said as it looks for a new name. Oxfordshire Association for the Blind is searching for alternatives to make it more appealing and less “scary” to young and visually impaired people. Laura Howdill, the charity’s fundraising manager, told The Daily Telegraph that people had been shocked and upset by the charity’s name because of the stigma and misunderstandings attached to the word “blind”. “There’s so many different eye conditions, from tunnel vision to flashing – all kinds of things that prevent people from being able to safely get around. It just doesn’t really encompass the range of problems that people have, and it’s quite misleading in that very few people have no vision at all,” she added. “We’re trying to create more of a positive image because actually there are people who are severely sight-impaired who are doing incredible things. “We started a project to help young children and families, and we’ve been told at the hospital when a child gets a diagnosis, and they give them a leaflet, you can see the parents physically react in shock to see the words ‘Association for the Blind’. Someone else asked what our charity name was and they were really upset and shocked by it.” She suggested the new name could incorporate “positive” words such as “vision”, which have a “double mean- ing – with our vision for the future”. The charity has already received a number of suggestions for their new identity, but the final decision will be a joint one, said Clive Cure, the Association’s director. Mr Cure said: “We’ve been aware for a while now that our name could be a barrier to visually impaired people who may not see themselves as blind. This is a great opportunity to refresh our image, bolster our presence and make people aware of our services.” Other charities have already stopped using the term “blind” such as Berkshire County Blind Society, which became Berkshire Vision in 2015. Oxfordshire Association for the Blind supports more than 2,800 people every year and its services are free. 4 ** Thursday 26 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph News DUP’s ‘red line’ threat to bring down Government By Steven Swinford DEPUTY POLITICAL EDITOR THE DUP has warned it will bring down Theresa May’s Government if Northern Ireland is forced to stay in the single market or customs union after Brexit. Nigel Dodds, the leader of the Democratic Unionist Party at Westminster, said his party would vote against the Government if any of its “red lines” on Brexit are crossed. Britain and the EU are deadlocked over how to ensure that there is no hard border between Ireland and Northern Ireland after Brexit. Mr Dodds told the Conservative Home website: “If, as a result of the Brexit negotiations, for instance, there was to be any suggestion that Northern Ireland would be treated differently in a way, for instance that we were part of a customs union and a single market and the rest of the UK wasn’t... for us that would be a red line, which we would vote against the Government. “You might as well have a Corbyn government pursuing openly its antiUnionist policies as have a Conservative Government doing it by a different means.” It comes as Tory MPs will today hold a symbolic vote on keeping Britain in a customs union. Bob Neill, Nicky Morgan and Sarah Wollaston are among those backing the motion, which urges the Government to “include as an objective in negotiations... the establishment of an effective customs union”. Ministers have said that the vote is “meaningless” because it is not binding. As a result, Tory MPs will not be whipped into attending the vote. David Davis, the Brexit Secretary, yesterday said he would have personally “failed” if the UK has to stay in a customs union after Brexit. He also suggested that the EU was posturing when it last week ruled out Britain’s solutions over the Irish border as he insisted Brussels was simply setting out “opening positions” for nego- tiations. He told the Brexit select committee: “I do not expect the solution to be an extension of the customs union. I would view that on my part as a failure.” Andrea Leadsom, the Leader of the Commons, told BBC Radio 5 Live: “With regards to being in a customs union, once you leave the European Union – if you stay in the customs union – you cannot negotiate your own free trade agreements. “Genuinely, I cannot understand why anybody accepts leaving the EU but staying in the customs union. That’s the worst of all worlds.” In the Commons, Mrs May said: “In voting to leave the European Union ‘You might as well have a Corbyn government pursuing openly its anti-Unionist policies’ [British people] voted to leave the single market and the customs union.” Mr Davis left open the possibility that Mrs May could be forced to return to Brussels to seek a new Brexit deal if MPs reject her original offer. He admitted that a Commons resolution to approve the Brexit deal could be amended by MPs, amid concerns among Brexiteers that pro-European Tory MPs could join forces with Labour to keep Britain in the customs union. Mr Davis told the Brexit select committee that the “meaningful vote” on a resolution to approve the Brexit deal could be amended. “If you can tell me how to write an unamendable motion, I will take a tutorial,” he said. Mrs May delayed a Cabinet debate over Britain’s future relationship with the EU until next week. The Brexit war cabinet met yesterday but did not discuss the options for a customs relationship with the EU after Brexit. Boris Johnson, David Davis, Michael Gove and Liam Fox are opposed to plans for a customs partnership, which would see Britain collect tariffs from imports on behalf of the EU. They believe it is unworkable and could see the UK stay in the customs union, limiting opportunities to make free-trade deals. Allister Heath: Page 18 STEFAN ROUSSEAU/PA WIRE Party will vote against Tories if Northern Ireland forced to stay in single market or customs union Why insist upon more than 90 minutes of Davis’s Brexit waffle when 30 Sketch h By Michael Deacon T hey hadn’t even started talking about Brexit and already they were at each other’s throats. “My department is under high time-pressure,” said David Davis, as he took his seat before the Brexit select committee. “I’ve got to limit this to an hour and a half. My next meeting is very, very important to me.” Hilary Benn, the committee’s chairman, peered at the Brexit Secretary with a look of owlish disdain. Mr Davis’s clear implication – that, unlike his next meeting, this hearing was not “very, very important” – did not appear to impress Mr Benn. “I don’t think that will really do,” he snapped. “Part of your responsibilities is to appear in front of this committee. We’ve all got other meetings. I don’t think an hour and a half is satisfactory.” And so it went on. Mr Davis retorted to Mr Benn’s retort. Mr Benn retorted to Mr Davis’s retort to his retort. Between them, they managed to use up the first three minutes of the 90 just in arguing about whether 90 was long enough. By the end of the argument, of course, it was irrelevant, because they no longer had 90 minutes. They had about 87. Personally, I couldn’t see why Mr Benn was kicking up such a fuss. After all, Mr Davis’s answers at these hearings were invariably so waffly and unenlightening, you’d think that, if anything, Mr Benn would be demanding less time with him, not more. The argument should really ‘Part of your responsibilities is to appear in front of this committee. We’ve all got other meetings’ have gone as follows …. Davis: “I’ve got to limit this to an hour and a half.” Benn: “I’m sorry, Secretary of State, but that really isn’t satisfactory. We’ll listen to you for 20 minutes, maximum.” Davis: “Come on, Mr Chairman. That’s completely unreasonable. Think of all the important issues you could hear my views on. An hour, at least.” Benn: “Twenty-five minutes, and not a second more.” Davis: “Forty-five.” Benn: “Right. Compromise. We’ll give you half an hour, but while you’re talking, the committee is allowed to BBC may pay star presenters’ In tomorrow’s Arts section tax bills after HMRC mix-up By Anita Singh THE BBC has made hardship payments to presenters facing large tax bills after they were forced to form companies to be paid, MPs were told yesterday. Anne Bulford, the deputy director general, told the Commons public accounts committee the BBC had given loans and advances to a number of people facing financial difficulty after their tax arrangements changed. “We think it is the right thing to do,” she said. The presenters had to form companies so they could be treated as freelancers, but moved last year to a PAYE system. “For some people, especially some lower paid presenters, that represents a very big challenge because the cash flow is different,” Ms Bulford said. The disclosure came after another Commons committee was told last month how presenters were pushed by the BBC into setting up personal service companies, leaving them without holiday and sick pay, and pension contributions. They subsequently faced large bills for unpaid taxes when the arrangements fell foul of the taxman. Lord Hall, BBC director general, said the problems, affecting mainly radio and news presenters, were in part the consequence of a series of changes by HMRC. “This has caused a great deal of anger among our frontline presenters, mainly in radio and in news,” he said. “In some cases it has caused hardship. If there are hardship cases we have made it clear we want to deal with those as a priority. My sympathies are with the people on the raw end of this.” Ms Bulford did not rule out the prospect that the BBC would end up paying the back taxes of some affected staff. She also denied allegations in the Daily Mail that Capita, the firm collecting TV licence fees, was offering cash incentives to maximise prosecutions. answer correspondence, conduct private conversations and play Candy Crush Saga on their iPads. I personally shall be reading a book about otters. I’m just in the middle of an extremely interesting chapter on their prevalence in Japanese folklore. Deal?” Eventually the questioning began. Having put the tiff with Mr Benn behind him, Mr Davis reverted to his usual breeziness, waving his glasses around and occasionally chuckling to himself as if he’d just been reminded of an amusing story that was much too rude to share with the room. The Tories call police over doubling of postal vote requests Under his eye... Why The Handmaid’s Tale is back for more By Steven Swinford SCOTLAND Yard is investigating more than 60 allegations of voting malpractice in London ahead of local elections. Eleven cases have been reported to police in Hammersmith and Fulham by the Conservatives, including some where residents said they were given postal votes they had not requested. Others believe they were tricked into applying for a postal vote, including one who said she thought she was signing a petition about a hospital. It comes amid a surge in people applying for postal votes in some marginal wards in the Labour-run borough. The Conservatives allege that registrations have doubled in some wards. A Labour spokesman said: “This is a baseless allegation and a desperate, politically-motivated attempt by a Tory MP to use the police to grab a headline during a closely fought campaign.” Government ‘knew two years ago’ about Windrush deportations By Kate McCann SENIOR POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT THE HOME Office and Downing Street knew two years ago about concerns over Windrush migrants facing deportation, it was claimed last night. The Government in Barbados raised concerns with the Foreign Office when Philip Hammond was in charge in April 2016 amid fears that some migrants were facing deportation to Caribbean countries despite having lived in the UK for most of their lives. It is not clear at what level the concerns were raised or whether Theresa May, the then Home Secretary or PM David Cameron were personally aware, but a report about the issues was passed to the Home Office, according to the BBC. Amber Rudd, the Home Secretary, revealed yesterday she had been aware of cases involving Windrush migrants, who came to the UK legally before 1973 but who have not previously been asked to prove their right to stay. But she said she had only realised recently that the problem was systemic. Ms Rudd told the home affairs select committee yesterday: “I bitterly, deeply regret that I didn’t see it as more than individual cases that had gone wrong that needed addressing. I didn’t see it as a systemic issue until very recently.” Ms Rudd revealed 1,300 people have called the special hotline set up to help the Windrush generation, following claims some had been asked to leave or threatened with deportation. Of those, 600 people have received a call back, 91 appointments have been made and 23 documents issued. A further 2,500 calls were related to non-Windrush cases. She also told MPs that 7,000 out of around 8,000 records dating back to 2002 had been checked, with no wrongful removals discovered so far, but that more work has to be done to determine how many people may have been detained. It has emerged that ministers in the Conservative Government had been made aware years ago about the prob- lems. Labour MP David Lammy said he received a letter from Damian Green, the former immigration minister, in 2011 dismissing the case of one of his constituents from the Windrush generation stating his right to remain in the UK was “not clear”. The case has not been resolved. Ms Rudd was also accused of setting targets for deporting illegal immigrants from the UK. She told the committee of MPs she was not aware of the targets, which union bosses claim have been handed to regional immigration centres as a way of raising the number of people removed. Ms Rudd said she had asked for more removals of individuals with no right to be in the UK to take place, but was not familiar with suggestions that staff have to deport set numbers per year. She also backed the so-called hostile environment policy, designed to make it more difficult for people without the right to live in the UK to rent or buy a home or use the NHS, despite calls for it to be scrapped. *** The Daily Telegraph Thursday 26 April 2018 5 News Smeeth and her ‘shield’ run gauntlet to testify over anti-Semitism allegation By Harry Yorke POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT SHE had been advised to “slip in through the back entrance” to avoid angry members of the far-Left lying in wait for her, such is the level of abuse that Jewish Labour MPs can now expect for taking a stand against antiSemitism in their party. Ruth Smeeth refused to be cowed, insisting on using the front door as she attended a disciplinary hearing to give evidence against a Labour activist alleged to have abused her. However, in a month when Labour MPs have spoken of death threats, rape threats and dead birds sent to them in the post, her colleagues decided she should not take any chances. As Ms Smeeth walked from Parliament to the hearing of Labour’s National Constitutional Committee at a nearby conference venue, up to 40 Labour MPs and peers formed a human shield to protect her as she ran the gauntlet. The sight of prominent Labour names such as Luciana Berger, Jess Ruth Smeeth, centre in red, is shielded by 40 colleagues as she arrives at the hearing seconds will do? ‘We’re not winging it – merely having to cope with changes as we go along’ committee asked questions on numerous topics, including the Irish border issue, but gleaned little that was new. Jonathan Djanogly (Con, Huntingdon) wondered whether ministers were “winging it”. Mr Davis assured him that they weren’t; they were merely “having to cope with changes as we go along”. At 10.50am he hurried off to his important meeting. “I trust,” said Mr Benn, “that on the next occasion there will be adequate time.” About 30 seconds should do it. ‘Labour should expel Livingstone for good’ By Kate McCann SENIOR POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT ONE OF Jeremy Corbyn’s shadow cabinet colleagues has urged him to kick Ken Livingstone out of the party over allegations of anti-Semitism. Nia Griffith, the shadow defence secretary, said the former London mayor should be banned after he claimed Hitler supported Zionism. Mr Livingstone has since repeated the remarks and is suspended from the party for bringing it into disrepute. Speaking at an event organised by Progress, a moderate Labour movement, Ms Griffith said: “I definitely think he should be kicked out. I think there’s an issue about whether you can make amends and change, and I’ve got no evidence that he’s in any way apologetic.” She added that the response to his expulsion would be forgotten in a few days, adding: “He’s not the big name that he probably likes to think he still is.” Mr Livingstone has said it would be wrong to exclude him permanently, telling reporters: “If I’d said Hitler was a Zionist, I would say sorry. You can’t apologise for telling the truth. I apologise for the offence caused by those Labour MPs who lied.” Mr Corbyn’s spokesman said yesterday that due process will be followed, as the party vowed to tackle the case by July. Irish border warning letter leak BRITISH plans to avoid a hard border in Northern Ireland would create a significant “back door risk” for the EU, senior civil servants warned as long ago as August, a leaked letter reveals. The warning was issued to Olly Robbins, the UK’s chief Brexit negotiator, in a letter by David Sterling, head of Northern Ireland’s Civil Service, a week after the UK customs paper. Mr Sterling raised concerns about their workability and they were swiftly dismissed at the time as “magical thinking” by EU negotiators. Last week The Daily Telegraph revealed senior EU officials had comprehensively rejected the proposals. The disclosure sent alarm bells ringing – Stephen Kelly, the chief executive of Manufacturing NI, said it betrayed a lack of understanding in Whitehall about the complexity of the border issue. Phillips and Lord Dubs acting as minders for Ms Smeeth provided the most graphic illustration to date of the poisonous divide that is threatening to engulf Jeremy Corbyn’s party. Wes Streeting, the Labour MP, described it as “an appalling state of affairs”. Ms Smeeth was there to give evidence against Marc Wadsworth, a suspended party member who, two years ago, stood up in the middle of a press conference on Labour anti-Semitism and accused Ms Smeeth of “working hand in hand” with the media to undermine Mr Corbyn. The exchange, which took place at the launch of Labour’s Chakrabarti report in 2016, resulted in Ms Smeeth leaving the press conference in tears. As she arrived for the hearing, Ms Smeeth found two dozen demonstrators from Labour Against the WitchHunt – a far-Left fringe group – waiting for her. Waving banners saying “Hands off Marc Wadsworth” and “Stop the Labour purge”, the protesters jeered and shouted over Ms Smeeth and her colleagues as they attempted to speak to reporters gathered outside. They were joined by Tony Green- Marc Wadsworth A controversial activist Through his work as an anti-racism activist, Marc Wadsworth has gained a considerable following inside Labour. wever, his However, viewss have often ed courted oversy. controversy. In 2012, when e Abbott Diane faced calls to n from resign abour the Labour front bench for ing claiming that te “white le love to people play divide ule”, Mr and rule”, sworth Wadsworth nded the defended tion. assertion. “Can a black person be racist?” he said. “That is a social scientific view – that it’s about power. Black people don’t have the same power in society as white people.” In recent years, he is believed to have served as a committee member of Momentum Black ConneXions, believed to be a subsection of the main Momentu Momentum organisa organisation. Following his Follow clash with wit Ms Smeeth iin 2016, he refused refuse to apologis apologise and said “her stormin off storming was an act of politic politically motiv motivated histri histrionics”. Mr Wads Wadsworth claim claims he did not re realise Ms Sm Smeeth was J Jewish. stein, an anti-Israel campaigner who was ousted from Labour earlier this year for reportedly abusive online behaviour. Stepping aside from the protest, Mr Greenstein wagged his finger at a television camera and declared: “Israel should cease to exist. It is an apartheid state. The people should live there but the state should go.” Others used the opportunity to attack Ms Smeeth’s character, with one, a black rights activist, saying she was a paid agent of US intelligence agencies and part of a conspiracy. Another accused Ms Smeeth of using her “privilege” to bring the charges against Mr Wadsworth. Meanwhile, tempers among Ms Smeeth’s allies boiled over when it emerged that, unbeknown to them, Chris Williamson, a fellow Labour MP, had already arrived at the venue to give evidence in support of Mr Wadsworth. Before the hearing began, Mr Wadsworth said: “I’m confident, as I’m not guilty. Based on the facts, this hearing, if it’s fair, I will be exonerated. I’m totally and utterly opposed to anti-Semitism, to all forms of bigotry, including anti-black racism and Islamophobia.” The hearing is expected to reach a decision today 6 ** Thursday 26 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph News By Henry Bodkin and Patrick Scott BRITAIN’S childhood obesity crisis is now so grave that more than 50 per cent of children are overweight or obese upon leaving primary school in some areas, new figures show. Camberwell Green in south London was yesterday revealed as the first neighbourhood where more children have a BMI of 25 or above than are healthy, according to Public Health England. The ward, which saw a seven per cent increase in the number of takeaway outlets between 2014 and 2017, ranks alongside eight others in London that make up in the top ten worst areas in the country. The data was published as Theresa May promised further government action if current strategies fail to turn the situation around. She spoke after facing calls from opposition parties, coordinated by Jamie Oliver, to introduce a 9pm watershed for junk food advertising on television, as well as controls on streetside advertising and on public transport. The latest figures, which were collated via the National Child Measurement Programme, showed 50.9 per cent of Year 6 children in Camberwell Green are overweight or obese, with Newington the second worst area in England at 49.7 per cent. Last night, Britain’s top child doctor called on local councils to take advantage of planning laws “urgently” to improve the food environment. Prof Russell Viner, president of the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health, said: “There looks to be a link between how obesogenic an environment is and deprivation, with unhealthy food often the cheapest. “Boroughs in the worst areas urgently need to sort out their food envi- Worst and best areas % excess weight (Year 6) pupils Worst 50.9 Camberwell Green, Southwark 49.7 49.7 Newington, Southwark Hoxton West, Hackney Best 13.7 Harpenden West, St Albans 13.8 Bathwick, Bath and North East Somerset 11.6 Godalming, Charterhouse Waverley ronment.” His comments came a week after the college called for a ban on fast food outlets opening within 400 metres of a school Of the 10 best local areas for Year 6 measurements, where overweight and obese rates ranged from 11.6 to 14.9 per cent, three were in well-off areas of Surrey and another four were in Bath and North East Somerset. The Prime Minister is coming under increasing pressure to strengthen measures aimed at tackling childhood obesity. Yesterday, a joint letter from opposition leaders called for 13 new measures, including a ban on buy-one-get-onefree junk food deals. Jamie Oliver, who coordinated the letter, said: “If kids are constantly being targeted with cheap, easily accessible, unhealthy junk food, just think how hard it must be to make better, healthier choices. “We have to make it easier for children to make good decisions. These ads undermine any positive work we’re doing in schools or at home to tackle the rise of childhood obesity. “Currently, there’s nothing in place to protect our kids from seeing these adverts – apart from literally covering their eyes!” Mrs May described the Government’s plans to tackle childhood obesity as “world-leading”, pointing to efforts to reduce the levels of sugar eaten by people and to guarantee exercise for primary schoolchildren. “Our soft drinks industry levy – that’s bold action we’re taking,” she said during Prime Minister’s Questions. “Our sugar reduction programme is going to cut the amounts of sugar consumed by young people. And of course we’re putting in plans in relation to the amount of exercise that primary schoolchildren get every day.” BOULTBEE FLIGHT ACADEMY/SWNS Primary school has highlighted the huge scale of obesity crisis Wing and a prayer A hillside marriage proposal by dairy farmer Benjamin Wolfe to veterinary nurse Lacey Jordan was spotted from a Second World War Spitfire over the South Downs National Park. She said: “I do”. £1 schoolkids deal in Camberwell Green – three chicken wings and fries Special report By Yohannes Lowe and Henry Bodkin WITH its £1 “school kids offer” – which buys three wings and a portion of fries – it’s not hard to see why the children of Camberwell Green flock to one chicken shop after school. The fast food outlet is one of more than 25 on or near the intersection which gives the neighbourhood its name, and where many pupils of the four nearby primary schools wait for their bus to go home. Yesterday afternoon, blissfully unaware of their new role in Britain’s dire obesity story, dozens could be seen devouring their fatty meals. Serge Cafai, head teacher at the local Sacred Heart Catholic [secondary] School, was scathing. “There are two or three chicken shops right near the school and they don’t care how fat the kids are,” he told The Daily Telegraph. Temptation is everywhere. A survey undertaken by Southwark council last year indicated there were 400 takeaways in the borough, a seven per cent increase since 2014. This helps explain how the ward of Camberwell Green is now the first in the country with more children leaving primary school aged 11 overweight or obese than are healthy: 50.9 per cent. A staff member at the chicken shop, who refused to be named, said the £1 deal was working wonders. “Sometimes we have 20 or more children in here,” she said. “This is their favourite offer.” The Southwark borough sees 43 per cent of parents treating their children to a takeaway at least once a week, a previous Public Health England survey revealed. A total of 11 per cent of parents admitted their children were most likely to eat fast food on their way home from school. At another local fast-food shop, Charlene Francis, 54, the assistant manager, said: “We have dozens of children who come in after school who have saved their lunch money and spend £3 or £4 for some patties. “Lots of parents are coming in for an after-school meal quite regularly, so I am not surprised that Southwark kids are the fattest.” Long-term antidepressant use linked to higher dementia risk By Henry Bodkin ANTIDEPRESSANTS may significantly increase the risk of developing dementia, experts have warned. A study published in The British Medical Journal found a “robust link” between the degenerative disease and the medication, even when taken up to 20 years before a diagnosis. It suggests some patients with long-term exposure to the drugs could face a 30 per cent increased chance of dementia. Researchers warned that there may be 20,000 people suffering from dementia as a result of taking the medication, part of a wider group called anti-cholinergics, also prescribed for bladder conditions and Parkinson’s disease. The Government medicines safety regulator said it was scrutinising the findings and last night leading medics called on colleagues to consider alternative prescriptions, but cautioned patients not to abandon the drugs before consulting their doctor. The antidepressants most implicated by the study include amitriptyline, dosulepin and paroxetine. Dementia risk was also associated with the bladder drugs tolterodine, oxybutynin and solifenacin, as well as the Parkinson’s drug procyclidine. It is believed nearly 2 million people in 20,000 The number of people who may be suffering from dementia as a result of taking the drugs, according to the study England take these and similar drugs. Anticholinergics target a part of the nervous system affecting learning and memory, as well as the heart, eye, stomach, mouth and bladder. Scientists at the University of East Anglia (UEA) and Aston University studied approxi- NHS drugs spending rising five times faster than funding By Laura Donnelly HealtH editor NHS spending on drugs is rising at five times the rate its budget is rising, leading to funding pressures that could see access to medications threatened, a think tank has warned. The King’s Fund said increased prescribing of cheap drugs such as statins, and less common but expensive cancer treatments had seen spending on drugs soar from £13 billion in 2010-11 to £17.4 billion in 2016-17. The rise – an average growth of 5 per cent a year – contrasts with an average rise of 1 per cent to the NHS budget over the period. The think tank said attempts to cut the bill, such as restrictions on drugs costing the NHS more than £20 million a year, could see the health service “returning to the Nineties”, with patients increasingly denied access to drugs. It came as an independent review by Lord Darzi, the former health minister, warned that by 2030 the NHS would need more than £50 billion extra a year, to meet expected demand. This would see funding rise from its current £123 billion a year to £173 billion by 2030 – around £4 billion extra a year. The report, commissioned by the In- stitute for Public Policy Research, said social care services would need an extra £10 billion a year by 2030 to cope with rising demand, warning that even these sums would require a major boost in productivity. The Prime Minister is expected to announce a funding increase for the NHS later this year, as part of a longterm funding plan. A Green Paper on social care will set out options to pay for care of the elderly, which the Health Secretary said would include a “cap” on costs. Lord Darzi said the health service had endured the most austere decade in its history and was in “financial distress”. “While the prospect of a longterm funding settlement is welcome, it is vital that it delivers enough money to meet the demands of the decade ahead. Funding the NHS while social care falls over is not an option,” he said. Lord Prior, the former Tory health minister and vice-chairman of the review, urged the Government to take heed of the report. “Health and social care is facing a perfect storm, with the needs of a growing and ageing population rising faster than the available resources,” he said. mately 27 million prescriptions from more than 324,000 NHS patients, going back 20 years. Chris Fox, one of the authors, a professor of clinical psychiatry at UEA’s Norwich Medical School, said the study revealed a “potentially important risk”. “Doctors and patients should therefore be vigilant about using anticholinergic medications,” he said. “They need to consider the risk of long-term cognitive effects, as well as short-term effects associated with specific drugs when weighing up risks and benefits.” Professor Clive Ballard, a professor of age-related diseases at University of Exeter Medical School, said: “The important thing is that even individual drugs which only have a very modest anticholinergic effects, when taken in combination with other drugs, can lead to a combined anticholinergic burden that may have a significant impact on cognition, highlighting the importance of care medication review.” Older people not offered enough bereavement help By Olivia Rudgard Social affairS correSpondent ELDERLY people are not offered enough support when their partner dies because doctors think bereavement is a “normal” part of later life, a report has found. A study by charity Independent Age found that more than a quarter of over65s who were bereaved didn’t seek any help or support at all with their loss, even from family or friends. Bereavement charities also told researchers that they least expected to be contacted by people aged 65 and over. They are also less likely to be referred by their GP for “talking therapies” for depression and anxiety than those from younger age groups. Janet Morrison, chief executive of Independent Age, said: “It is appalling that older bereaved people aren’t being offered the support and access to services that could make a huge difference. “There needs to be a consistent approach to offering bereavement support across the country so that older people who need them can access services that can help them deal with death in their own way.” ** The Daily Telegraph Thursday 26 April 2018 7 News EU rules on lights ‘will cost millions and close theatres’ Wake-up call English National Ballet’s The Sleeping Beauty, at the London Coliseum, reawakens the classic fairytale ballet with Tchaikovsky’s score, played live by the ENB Philharmonic. This revival coincides with the recent anniversary of choreographer Sir Kenneth MacMillan’s death and features sets by Peter Farmer and costumes by Nicholas Georgiadis. By Mason Boycott-Owen and Steven Swinford THEATRES are facing massive bills to replace stage lighting if EU regulations go through forcing them to switch to expensive LEDs. The EU is deciding whether to remove an exemption for stage lighting from current legislation as part of an energy-efficiency drive, forcing theatres to use LED alternatives by 2020. Leaving the EU will offer no respite as ministers are considering embedding the regulations into UK law, arguing it will prove cost-effective. LED spotlights cost theatres £2,500 each, meaning replacement stage lighting for a 1,300-seat venue could exceed £2 million. The National Theatre estimates it will cost it £8 million to bring its lighting and equipment into line with the regulations. Campaigners say it could force some theatres to close – and even adversely affect blockbuster West End shows. Jude Law, the actor, David Hare, the playwright, and Derren Brown, the magician, are among those criticising the regulations. Hare told The Daily Telegraph: “I am horrified by the impracticality of the EU lighting proposals, which will have the unintended consequence of closing theatres all over Europe.” Sir Cameron Mackintosh, the theatre impresario, said: “This is a serious matter for everyone in the industry as it will affect audiences and practitioners. A solution must be found, as the financial contribution of the Arts to the European economy is enormous.” A petition by the Association of Lighting Directors has attracted more than 12,000 signatures. Lord Henley, a business minister, said the Government was “aware” of the concerns. Ban on boiling lobsters alive would ruin taste, says chef By Helena Horton A CHEF at a Mayfair restaurant says banning the boiling of lobsters alive would spoil the taste. David Simms said legislation proposed by Michael Gove, the Environment Secretary, would risk ruining the quality of seafood. “No reputable chef will cook a dead lobster,” he added. He suggested the ban would be the start of a slippery slope, as all shellfish is cooked alive for taste and food safety reasons. Mr Simms, managing director of a restaurant owned by Richard Corrigan, the celebrity chef, said: “Shellfish has to be alive when you cook it. When it’s dead, you’ve no idea how long it’s been dead and toxins grow – it’s not fresh. Crab, langoustines, oysters and scallops are all alive until you cook them, so why is he concerned about lobsters and nothing else? Where does it stop?” He also said chefs would like to see Mr Gove’s Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, focus on “more important issues”, such as food waste, food miles and supermarket use of plastics. Animal rights campaigners including the RSPCA and the British Veterinary Association have campaigned for the preparation of the shellfish to be regulated, arguing that boiling live seafood causes them pain. A Defra spokesman said: “We are committed to the very highest standards of animal welfare and are taking strong action in this area, including raising maximum sentences for animal cruelty to five years and making CCTV mandatory in slaughterhouses. As the PM has set out, we will make the UK a world leader in the care and protection of animals as we leave the EU.” Editorial Comment: Page 19 Shop giants join anti-single use plastic pact Non-recyclable 5p carrier bags, squeezy ketchup bottles and snap yogurt pots face ban by 2025 By Katie Morley CONSUMER AFFAIRS EDITOR EVERY major supermarket in Britain has today pledged to eradicate unnecessary single-use plastics by 2025, under a new “UK Plastics Pact”. The agreement, organised by Wrap, the government-backed waste charity, is a world-leading collaborative effort by Britain’s biggest consumer companies to tackle the scourge of plastic waste on the environment. It means single-use plastics will only be allowed if they are deemed absolutely necessary and are made from recyclable materials. Non-recyclable plastics including single-use 5p carrier bags, squeezy ketchup bottles, snap pots of yogurt, and multi-bags of fruit and vegetables, could all be banned if they cannot be made recyclable. More than 40 firms have promised that all the plastic packaging they produce will be reusable, recyclable or compostable within seven years, while two thirds will be recycled or composted, up from 45 per cent today. The movement’s success will depend heavily on consumers increasing the amount of plastic the recycle at home, however. To ensure this happens, Wrap is planning a major public awareness campaign later this year. Recycling units across the UK have also signed the pledge and will start re- Pressure grows on Cambridge University over BP investments By Hayley Dixon CAMBRIDGE University is embroiled in a row about academic freedom over investments in BP which have caused uproar among staff, including the Government’s former climate change tsar. The boss of BP was accused of issuing an “outrageous threat” to the university – which is reviewing whether to keep part of its £6.3 billion endowment fund invested in fossil fuels – amid pressure from staff and students. Bob Dudley, the BP chief executive, came under fire after telling an industry conference: “We donate and do a lot of research at Cambridge so I hope they come to their senses.” His comments reignited the row a week after 350 academics including Prof Sir David King, formerly Britain’s special representative for climate change, and Prof Sir Thomas Blundell, the former president of the UK Science Council, wrote an open letter to Cambridge calling on it to “immediately freeze any new investments in fossil fuel companies, and to divest from direct ownership and any commingled funds”. Cambridge University has repeatedly clashed with academics and students over its investments in fossil 350 The number of academics who signed a letter calling on Cambridge University to cut its investments in fossil fuel companies fuels, part of the largest endowment fund in the UK, partly due to concerns over research funding. BP, ExxonMobil and Shell have all donated money to the university and it has said in the past that it needs to consider the “consequences of any divestment”. Activists in the Cambridge Zero Carbon Society said Mr Dudley’s com- ments meant that “Cambridge’s academic independence is under threat”. They added: “If the university is unable to divest its endowment in line with the democratic wishes of students and staff due to these threats, then there is no longer academic independence at Cambridge.” BP denied that Mr Dudley’s comments represented a threat. A spokesman said: “BP has long worked closely with the University of Cambridge – and we don’t expect this to change. One should not infer from Bob’s comments that he was in anyway linking our support of Cambridge with the university’s decision on whether or not to divest from the oil and gas industry.” Cambridge Zero Carbon Society responded by saying that if it was not an attempt at “blackmail”, then “the last of university management’s justifications for inaction is null and void. Do they have any actual reason for trampling on democracy other than not wanting to upset their corporate pals?” ROYAL MAIL/PA WIRE Japanese knotweed is indestructible, find researchers Fly-posting A set of ten postage stamps featuring five species of owls – barn, little, tawny, short-eared and long-eared – is being issued by the Royal Mail. THERE is no way to get rid of Japanese knotweed, a major trial of 19 methods over three years has concluded. Researchers from Swansea University conducted the world’s biggest study into the weed at sites in Taff ’s Well, near Cardiff, and in Swansea. But despite using various chemical solutions, physical projects and a mixture of both, scientists found no definite ways of killing the invasive plant completely using current methods. Prof Dan Eastwood said: “We began focusing on knotweed at a time when there was a great deal of hysteria surrounding it. At the time, most information was largely based on anecdote. This led to the prospect of unscrupulous companies offering expensive and ineffective treatment.” Dr Dan Jones, founder of a consultancy that solves complex and invasive plant problems, said: “Off the first three years of data, we’ve found that eradication is not possible. Hopefully in the long term we may move towards that by using new chemicals.” Dr Jones said the best chemical to control the knotweed was glyphosate – but the herbicide is feared to pose a risk to wildlife. cycling a wider variety of plastics that currently go to landfill. Over the next seven years, supermarkets will stop using “unnecessary” plastic packaging, such as multi-packs of fruit and vegetables, which are expected to be ditched in favour of loose. Black plastic trays commonly used for ready meals are also expected to be phased out or modified, as well as nonrecyclable plastic wraps on items such as yogurts, juices, herbs and flowers. The move could also spell the end of squeezy bottles of ketchup and mayonnaise, as the silicone component can contaminate other recycling. An “alternative solution” would need to be found, Wrap said. Snap pots of yogurts, beans and other foods are also under threat as a result of the pledge, as the polystyrene used to make them is not always recyclable. The move is a world first, with other countries expected to follow the UK’s lead in the coming years. Firms that have signed up will be monitored regularly by Wrap to ensure they are making progress, but Wrap said it would not publicly name and shame companies failing to keep to their promise. Major food brands including Nestlé, Coca-Cola, Bird’s Eye, Britvic and Arla also pledged to eradicate unnecessary single-use plastic and will radically change their packaging as a result. Michael Gove, the Environment Secretary, said: “I am delighted to see so many businesses sign up to this pact and I hope others will soon follow suit.” Marcus Gover, the chief executive of Wrap, said: “Together, we have a oncein-a-lifetime opportunity to rethink and reshape the future of plastic so that we retain its value, and curtail the damage plastic waste wreaks on our planet.” 8 *** Thursday 26 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph News Online trolls who target judges ‘should be prosecuted’ By Olivia Rudgard SOCIAL AFFAIRS CORRESPONDENT PEOPLE who hurl abuse at judges on social media should be prosecuted, the Lord Chief Justice has suggested. Lord Burnett of Maldon said putting “trolls” on trial “should be looked at”, despite the difficulty of establishing their identity. Lord Burnett told the Lords Constitution Committee that abuse “hurled at judges in the courtroom” was often shrugged off, but in persistent cases the law of contempt “should be explored more fully”. Responding to a question from Lord Pannick QC, a leading barrister, about using contempt of court laws to prosecute trolls, the head of the judiciary said: “The problem with much of the social media type abuse is that it’s impossible immediately to identify who the abuser is. “Inevitably, if it’s come through one of the ordinary social media platforms, it’s often anonymised. “I’m afraid I don’t know how easy it is to discover identities behind pseudonyms. But it’s certainly something that should be looked at. “You will appreciate that occasionally the police do become involved and they do take action and also, regrettably, it’s been necessary on behalf of a handful of judges to take civil action in our courts, to obtain appropriate orders restraining people from doing things which are quite inappropriate.” He said the abuse was “capable of Vietnamese woman raped, tortured and killed by men who had murdered before William McFall, top, and Stephen Unwin, both convicted murderers, were given whole-life sentences at Newcastle Crown Court for the murder of Quyen Ngoc Nguyen, right ‘We cannot comprehend how men like this can live freely in this country … they are evil’ ruthless killer [and] William John McFall, you are an extremely violent man capable of monstrous behaviour. “It is against this background that I have considered whether the circumstances of this murder are such that it is one of those exceptional cases where its seriousness is of such a magnitude so as to require the making of a wholelife order. In my judgment, they are. “You have both murdered before. On this occasion you did so in a coldblooded and callous manner having lulled your victim into a trap. She suffered an unimaginable ordeal. “Both during and after that ordeal, the two of you casually went about your everyday tasks, chillingly devoid of any human empathy.” wide reputation of British justice. “Judicial recruitment, in my view, poses a threat to our ability to discharge the business of the courts effectively.” In 2017, six out of 14 High Court vacancies were left unfilled. Yesterday, the Ministry of Justice announced a scheme to encourage more women, black, ethnic minority and disabled people to become judges. The programme offers help and access to discussions led by judges. By Martin Evans CRIME CORRESPONDENT NORTHUMBRIA POLICE THE sister of a woman who was tortured and murdered by two convicted killers told a court her sister believed Britain was a safe country, and that she could not understand how they were freed on licence. Stephen Unwin, 40, and William McFall, 51, murdered Quyen Ngoc Nguyen, a Vietnamese nail technician, after a four-hour ordeal and then dumped her body in her car before torching it last August. They were both handed whole-life jail terms yesterday. Ms Nguyen had been lured to Unwin’s home in Shiney Row, near Sunderland, where McFall lay in wait, Newcastle Crown Court heard. Unwin went on to rape the 28-year-old, who was just 5ft and weighed seven stone. Quynh Ngoc Nguyen, 35, the victim’s sister, read a victim statement, saying: “We cannot comprehend how men like this can live freely in this country. “My sister believed, as I did, that you came to this country for a safer life, with better opportunities for herself and her children.” She said their parents and her sister’s two children had been left heartbroken by the actions of the murderers. “They did not act like human beings, they are evil,” she said. Unwin had a history of setting fires to destroy evidence at the scenes of his crimes. He battered a pensioner to death while breaking-in to his home on Christmas Day 1998, and the fire he started to cover his tracks meant the victim could only be identified by his some jurisdictions, they may be asking themselves: ‘Why should I put myself through what might happen?’” He added that judges on tribunals and in the family courts were particularly likely to receive online abuse. Raising judicial morale was one of Lord Burnett’s stated aims when he became Lord Chief Justice last October. In December, he called for people to recognise that “judges are human”. He told the Lords that the recruitment crisis threatened to undermine the world- Was victim shot in revenge for testifying against gang? medical records. Unwin admitted murder, was sentenced to life and was released on licence in December 2012. He met McFall in the prison system, where he was also serving life for murdering a pensioner. McFall attacked his victim with a hammer after she disturbed him while breaking into her home in Carrickfergus in May 1996. He was jailed for life then released on licence in October 2010. Sentencing the two men, Mr Justice Morris, who was interrupted by McFall throughout, said: “Stephen Unwin, you are a calculating, manipulative and By Daily Telegraph Reporter undermining the rule of law because it erodes confidence in an institution which doesn’t deserve to have its confidence eroded”. The Lord Chief Justice said the abuse was contributing to the lack of applicants for senior positions. “There is no doubt that it is dispiriting and sometimes genuinely frightening for our judges. It is a factor which inevitably may play into the recruitment of judges,” he said. “Put crudely, if people are thinking of applying, particularly in POLICE are investigating whether a man shot dead outside his home last month was murdered in revenge for helping to bring a gang of rapists to justice. Abraham Badru, 26, received a bravery award from the Metropolitan Police in 2009, after he helped intervene to stop a girl being gang raped and then gave evidence against her attackers. He was gunned down in Hackney, east London, on March 25, as he opened the boot of his car to look for a drink. His devastated mother, Ronke Badru, has said she believes the killing was an act of revenge and police have said it is one line of inquiry. Mr Badru was just 14 when he witnessed the attack at a party in 2007, and intervened to help the victim. He was threatened by the culprits and his home was pelted with eggs, but he went on to give evidence in court and nine people were convicted, one of whom was jailed for life. Police say his killer, who may have been lying in wait, was riding a white bike. He is believed to have emerged from an alleyway, shot Mr Badru twice and then escaped down another alleyway. Detective Chief Inspector Noel McHugh said: “Abraham was an ambitious and talented young man who had everything to live for. He did not deserve what happened to him and his family do not deserve the torment they are suffering now.” Officers want to trace four people who were near the scene. *** The Daily Telegraph Thursday 26 April 2018 9 News Cancer myths growing in the internet age STEVE PARSONS/PA WIRE By Laura Donnelly HEALTH EDITOR Flying the flag The Queen, Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal Tank Regiment, after presenting the regiment with a new standard in St George’s Hall at Windsor Castle yesterday. The Queen hosted officers, soldiers and their partners in the castle and told them their “reputation for hard work and ingenuity endures” ALMOST half of people mistakenly believe that stress causes cancer, a charity has warned. Cancer Research UK said that fake news on the internet appears to be fuelling a rise in incorrect beliefs, “mythical” causes such as stress, food additives, eating GM foods and using mobile phones and microwave ovens, despite a lack of good scientific evidence linking them to the disease. Meanwhile, the survey found poor awareness of known cancer risk factors such as obesity, eating red or processed meat or drinking alcohol. Experts from University College London and Leeds University said that the public’s endorsement of mythical cancer causes has risen over the last decade – which might be due to more information being accessed through the internet and social media. Researchers asked 1,330 people in England how much they agreed items on a list – which included known risk factors and “mythical” factors – can increase a chance of developing cancer. The study, published in the European Journal of Cancer, found that 43 per cent thought that stress caused cancer, while 42 per cent thought food additives were a risk factor. One quarter believed that using a mobile phone was a risk factor. Dr Samuel Smith, from the University of Leeds, said: “It’s worrying to see so many people endorse risk factors when there is no convincing evidence.” Clare Hyde, from Cancer Research UK, said: “Around four in 10 cancer cases could be prevented through lifestyle changes so it’s crucial we have the right information.” Your dog can’t get autism, vets tell anti-vaccine owners British experts debunk myth that jabs can make pets ‘autistic’ as levels of inoculation decline By Alastair Choy DOGS cannot get “autism”, the British Veterinary Association has declared in response to the rise in owners embracing the anti-vaccine movement. Campaigners have claimed that human immunisations have harmful side effects and may be the cause of autism in children – beliefs widely debunked by the medical community. However, the theory is increasingly being applied to pets, particularly in the United States, and there are fears it is spreading to the UK and could cause already low vaccination rates to fall. “We are aware of an increase in antivaccination pet owners in the US who have voiced concerns that vaccinations may lead to their dogs developing autism-like behaviour,” the BVA said. “But there is currently no scientific evidence to suggest [the existence of ] autism in dogs or a link between vaccination and autism.” It added: “All medicines have potential side effects but in the case of vaccines these are rare and the benefits in protecting against disease far outweigh the potential for adverse reaction.” Gudrun Ravetz, BVA senior vicepresident, said: “Vaccinations save lives and are an important tool in keeping our pets healthy. “We know from the example of the MMR [measles, mumps and rubella] vaccine and its now-disproved link to autism in children that scaremongering can lead to a loss of public confidence in vaccination and knee-jerk reactions that can lead to outbreaks of disease. “Distemper and parvovirus are still killers in pets – and the reason we no longer see these on a wider scale is because most owners sensibly choose to vaccinate.” Lisa Tenzin-Dolma, founder of the International School for Canine Psychology and Behaviour, said: “We don’t have scientific evidence to back claims of canine autism. However, we have seen anecdotal evidence of dogs having a marked change in their behaviour (“canine dysfunctional behaviour”). “This could be down to any number of causes: the loss of a carer or the arrival of another dog.” Ms Tenzin-Dolma said she “would not advise people against vaccinations due to fear of canine autism as there was a lack of scientific evidence.” The comments came after ITV breakfast show Good Morning Britain tweeted: “We’re looking to speak to pet owners who haven’t given their pets vaccinations because they’re concerned about side effects – as well as people who have done so and now believe their pet has canine autism as a result.” Pet vaccination rates in the UK are already in decline. The 2017 PDSA Animal Wellbeing (PAW) Report showed that 25 per cent of dogs, 35 per cent of cats and 50 per cent of rabbits had not had a primary vaccination course when young, up on previous years. 10 ** Thursday 26 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph News By Olivia Rudgard SOCIAL AFFAIRS CORRESPONDENT MILLENNIALS do not need living rooms, a leading architect has said, as he complains that size rules are shutting young people out of the housing market. In a briefing paper, Patrik Schumacher, who worked on the London Aquatics Centre that was built for the Olympics, argued that centrally located “hotel-room sized” studio flats are ideal for busy young people. “Those who are now making the hard choice between paying 80 per cent of their income on a central flat versus commuting from afar, will in the liberalised future appreciate new options and perhaps choose to pay only 60 per cent for a smaller but more central flat. “For many young professionals who are out and about networking 24/7, a small, clean, private hotel-room sized central patch serves their needs perfectly well,” he said. Mr Schumacher, a senior designer at Zaha Hadid Architects, argues in the paper published by the Adam Smith Institute that the minimum size of 38 square metres on newbuild flats is “paternalistic” and stops poorer young people from getting on the housing ladder. “Units half that size, built at an earlier time, are rare and thus at the moment overpriced, hotly desired commodities. “Lifting this prohibition would allow a whole new (lower) income group, which is now excluded, to enter the market. This move would both boost overall unit numbers and affordability,” he said. Any suggestion that smaller homes should be allowed means the debate “becomes quickly emotional and rhetorical, with phrases like ‘rabbit hutches’ and ‘slums’ standing in for arguments”, he added. He also argued against restrictions imposed by local planning authorities which dictate the types of flat that must be built in a particular development, as well as regulations such as minimum room sizes, building heights and build- ing outlines. He said planning regulations have been “unduly politicised and thereby paralysed”. Dan Wilson Craw, of Generation Rent, said the campaign group would welcome some changes to planning restrictions to “get homes built”, but that building lots of small flats would risk “tearing up communities” by replacing larger family homes with individual units. “Do we want to have a completely shifting society in our big cities where everyone is a paycheck away from losing their home and people are having to move very quickly and there’s no chance of developing a sense of community?” he said. Sophie Jarvis, a policy adviser at the Adam Smith Institute, said: “Millennials already know that they are at a massive disadvantage to their parents in terms of getting on the housing ladder. “What they don’t know is that rent caps and restrictive planning laws are holding them back, not helping them out. Liberalising planning laws, however, could get them on that ladder.” PAUL GROVER FOR THE TELEGRAPH Ditch living rooms and build ‘hotel flats’ for millennials, says architect Silver bird The Grant MacDonald International Silversmith exhibition in London features gold and silver items such as Wings of Arabia, a falcon which took 350 hours to make. Senior police must have case experience in child abuse Police officers should be required to have experience of dealing with major child abuse cases before being promoted to the most senior ranks in the force, an official report has concluded. The interim report of the Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse (IICSA), says individuals should not be allowed to rise to chief officer rank without an operational knowledge of abuse cases and should have received proper training in dealing with child exploitation issues. Prof Alexis Jay, the chairman of the inquiry, yesterday urged the Home Office to amend its entry requirements for chief police officers and called on the College of Policing to develop the necessary training for senior officers. Her recommendations follow what the IICSA found were years of institutional failures over the issue of child sex abuse, with political leaders all too frequently willing to place their own reputations ahead of protecting its victims. Antiques dealer admits to murdering young daughter A wealthy antiques dealer who claimed he heard voices in his head before strangling his seven-yearold daughter, changed his plea to guilty midway through his trial, as it emerged that he had previously been accused of abusing his ex-wife. Robert Peters, 56, throttled his daughter Sophia with a dressing gown cord at their home in Wimbledon, south-west London, last November, while his wife was out. Peters had admitted manslaughter but denied murder. His first wife Francine Peters had alleged that he had tried to strangle her during their marriage. Detective Inspector Helen Rance, of Scotland Yard, said: “Sophia was an innocent seven-year-old girl, much loved by her mother and friends. She was tragically murdered by the hands of her own father in the most frightening way.” Peters was remanded into custody to be sentenced on Monday at the Old Bailey. Drug students Library hopes ‘need help, not CCTV will put punishment’ readers off sex Students caught with drugs should not be arrested or disciplined, their union has said. The call comes in a report by the National Union of Students (NUS) that argues that such sanctions “fail to recognise the complex reasons that lead people to use drugs” and risk marginalising minority groups such as women and LGBT+ students. The report says some universities, colleges and student unions see drug use “wholly as a problem to be eradicated through suspensions, evictions and surveillance”. It adds: “We believe punitive measures rarely help. Instead, they prevent marginalised and vulnerable students from seeking help and support.” Almost two fifths of students currently use drugs, and 17 per cent have done so in the past, said a survey of 2,800 people conducted by the NUS. An Isle of Wight library has installed CCTV cameras after a couple were caught having sex among the shelves. It was the latest in a series of anti-social incidents at the Lord Louis Library in Newport that also included users defecating and urinating in the building. Yesterday it was revealed that a frustrated member of the public had stumped up £3,000 to cover the cost of the eight CCTV cameras. A library spokesman said: “This was the first time we had caught anyone doing this act, but there have been all sorts of other problems... The couple were swiftly told to move on. It is sad that it has had to come to this, but hopefully it solves the issue. It’s just gross.” A council spokesman added: “We have had occasional instances of inappropriate behaviour and we hope this will act as an effective deterrent.” Council makes six-figure sum from targeting school runs A council may have collected up to £380,000 in motoring fines in just six months after targeting parents on the school run. Croydon borough council closed off roads to drivers dropping children at three primary schools in what officials said was a measure to manage congestion. During the six-month pilot project up to £380,120 worth of fines were issued. The scheme saw parents banned from driving through roads outside Heavers Farm primary school, St Chad’s and Woodcote primary. Penalty notice charges – at £130 each – were handed to parents who breached the restrictions, with the chance to pay a lesser fine of £65 if they paid within 14 days. That means a minimum of £190,060 and a maximum of £380,120 for the total of 2,924 offences. A borough spokesman stood by the project, saying: “The primaries involved have reported less congestion [and] a safer road for children to walk to school.” ** The Daily Telegraph Thursday 26 April 2018 11 News Doctors accused of ‘conspiracy to murder’ by father of Alfie Evans By Patrick Sawer THE father of Alfie Evans, the critically ill child at the centre of a bitter lifesupport dispute, threatened to take out a private prosecution for murder against doctors treating his son. Mr Justice Hayden decided at a hearing in the Family Division of the High Court in Manchester on Tuesday that Alfie should not be allowed to leave Alder Hey Children’s Hospital in Liverpool and travel to a hospital in Italy. The judge had said he accepted medical evidence which showed that further treatment was futile. Mr Evans and Kate James, Alfie’s parents, last night lost the latest round of their legal battle, when three judges dismissed their appeal against the decision. Mr Justice Hayden criticised what he described as the “malign hand” of one of the family’s advisers, law student Pavel Stroilov, who had been party to Mr Evans lodging a private prosecution of doctors at Alder Hey Hospital. He criticised Mr Stroilov as a “fanatical and deluded young man” and described a witness statement prepared for Alfie’s parents as “littered with vituperation and bile” that was doing them “far more harm than it does good”. Lord Justice McFarlane yesterday told Paul Diamond, Mr Evans’ barrister: “Your client purported to take out a private prosecution to have three named doctors charged with the criminal offence of conspiracy to murder. Those summonses were served on the Tom Evans, below, took out a private prosecution against three Alder Hey doctors. His son Alfie, right, stopped receiving lifesupport on Monday and is not expected to live much longer doctors and I hear you say that there is no hostility to the NHS.” It came as it emerged that 23-monthold Alfie, who stopped receiving lifesupport treatment late on Monday, is now “struggling” and is not expected to live much longer. Merseyside Police last night warned against threats made on social media against staff at Alder Hey. Health trust bosses said yesterday that staff have experienced “unprecedented personal abuse”. In an open letter, Sir David Henshaw of the Alder Hey Children’s NHS Foundation Trust, and chief executive Louise Shepherd said staff were at “the centre of a social media storm”. “Our staff have received in person, via phone calls, email, and through social media channels a barrage of highly abusive and threatening language and behaviour that has shocked us all,” they said. Chief Inspector Chris Gibson said: “These posts are being monitored and [I] remind social media users that any offences, including malicious communications and threatening behaviour, will be investigated and … acted upon.” Yesterday Mr Diamond told three senior judges that an Italian embassy representative was in court and an air ambulance was on standby at the “request of the Pope”. He added: “My general conversation with Mr Evans is ‘save my boy’. He would leave no stone unturned ... he is clutching at straws.” Two people believed to be German air ambulance staff who were seen speaking to members of the Evans family were escorted from Alder Hey by police. In a statement, the hospital said its “top priority remains ensuring Alfie receives the care he deserves to ensure his comfort, dignity and privacy are maintained throughout”. By Daily Telegraph Reporter THE director of a yachting management company has been cleared of the manslaughter of four sailors who died when their yacht, the Cheeki Rafiki, sank mid-Atlantic. The families of the sailors have said maritime rules should be tightened up as a result of the deaths. Douglas Innes, 43, of Southampton, briefly closed his eyes and mouthed the words “thank you” as the jury at the retrial at Winchester Crown Court returned the not guilty verdicts. The yacht lost its keel as the crew were returning the 40ft yacht from Antigua to the UK in May 2014 when it got into trouble 1,000 miles from the United States. Lost at sea were Andrew Bridge, 22, the skipper, from Farnham in Surrey; James Male, 22, from Southampton; Steve Warren, 52; and Paul Goslin, 56, both from Somerset. Innes, in charge of Stormforce Coaching Limited, his company, is to be sentenced on May 11 after being conDouglas Innes has been cleared of the manslaughter of four sailors lost at sea when a keel detached GETTY Private prosecution was threatened over Alder Hey Hospital’s treatment of critically ill toddler ‘Improve safety rules’ call after director cleared of yacht deaths victed at the first trial of failing to operate the yacht safely, having contravened the Merchant Shipping Act. Judge Douglas Field said “all options must remain open” with regard to sentencing. The jury told the judge it was “deeply concerned” about a maritime regulation guidance note and hoped it would be reviewed and tightened to help improve safety. Nigel Lickley QC, prosecuting, told the court the yacht had an undetected fault with bolts holding the three-ton keel to the hull, which then failed, causing it to fall off during bad weather. Mr Lickley said the yacht, which had grounded on two earlier occasions, had been “unsafe and unsound” because Innes had “neglected it” by not maintaining it or having it inspected for several years. This Innes denied. After the hearing, a family spokesman said: “It is clear there is a need to tighten up marine guidance so that the regulations cannot be misinterpreted. This will help to make our seas a safer place, a fitting legacy for our four men.” 12 *** Thursday 26 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph ** The Daily Telegraph Thursday 26 April 2018 13 News £500k raid on home of Rothschild heiress as her children slept KATE ROTHSCHILD, the banking heiress, is said to be devastated after burglars made off with half a million pounds worth of jewellery from her home. Raiders entered the property in Barnes, southwest London, while her children were asleep and, after locating her bedroom, stole a large box containing all her valuables, including her engagement and wedding rings and various antique pieces betrothed to her by her family. The 35-year-old ex-wife of environmentalist Ben Goldsmith discovered the break-in when she returned home from an evening out with her boyfriend, Paul Forkan, the entrepreneur. After being unable to get into her bedroom, Mr Forkan climbed in through the window to discover that the raiders had locked the door from the inside before escaping. It was then that Ms Rothschild – a music producer – discovered her pink jewellery box was missing, although there was very little other sign of a break-in. Among the items in the box were an antique diamond dragonfly brooch, a gold, ruby and diamond bracelet and the engagement and wedding rings from her marriage to Mr Goldsmith. The couple separated in 2013 after she began a relationship with Jay Electronica, the US rapper, with whom she had been working. Mr Goldsmith, 37, the younger brother of Zac, the Tory MP, and son of Sir James, the late billionaire, said: “I have spoken to her a lot. She is really sad at the things that have been lost. She feels her personal space has been violated. But she is relieved no one is hurt. My sons Frank, 12, and ten-year-old Isaac were asleep, along with the babysitter, at the time. “The guy made away with a bunch of stuff that means a lot to my ex-wife, me and the children. They took every single thing of value that Kate has: her wedding ring, engagement ring, everything I gave her during our marriage, special things from when she was a teenager, things from her father and her grandmother. “These are things that should have been passed on to our daughter, Iris, and to her daughter. I hope we get them back. I will pay a reward to anyone with useful information.” Ms Goldsmith was not at home yesterday and is understood to have gone away for a few days. John Chick, who lives nearby, said: “I’ve lived here for 17 or 18 years and I’ve only known of one other break-in. Everyone around here has good security, good cameras, so it’s quite rare.” A Scotland Yard spokesman said: “Police are investigating a burglary at an address in SW13. “The incident was reported to have taken place between the evening of April 18 and the morning of April 19. A quantity of jewellery was stolen. No arrests were made and inquiries continue.” By Martin Evans CRIME CORRESPONDENT A NURSE who worked alongside Harold Shipman, the serial killer, has said she could have stopped him more than 40 years ago, but was too young and naive to raise her concerns about him. Sandra Whitehead was 18 in 1972, when she worked alongside Shipman at Pontefract General Infirmary. She said she became suspicious about the doctor following the deaths of three patients, but lacked the confidence to raise her concerns with hospital managers and has spent years haunted by her inaction. Speaking on an ITV documentary – Harold Shipman: Doctor Death – to mark the 20th anniversary since his arrest, she said: “One night we had three deaths, we just went from room to room and the patient had died. “It just didn’t seem any reason. They were ill but they didn’t look on death’s door. It just seemed a high proportion GP Harold Shipman may have murdered 250 of his patients over three decades before his arrest in 1998 BACKGRID By Martin Evans CRIME CORRESPONDENT and Francesca Marshall ‘I could have stopped’ serial killer Shipman, nurse admits Kate Rothschild, above, and some of the items stolen in the burglary, left Arson attacks on hives may be the work of ‘jealous’ rival beekeeper By Alex Thornhill A BEEKEEPER whose hives have been set on fire twice in a year believes she may be the victim of a jealous rival. Michaela Tulett, who is the owner of Api-Bees in Kent, said she was devastated after an arsonist poured petrol over 20 of her beehives and torched them – killing more than 700,000 bees. Last June, 26 of her beehives were set alight, leading her to believe her farm may not be a random target. “The same area was attacked last year. It could just be a jealous beekeeper,” she said. “If somebody decides to come in the middle of the night and set it on fire, there’s not a lot we can do.” Ms Tulett said she was “numb with shock” at the cruel crime, adding: “They are live animals. It’s disgusting and a senseless act of violence.” The arson at the farm near the village of Sellindge happened at just before 10pm last Tuesday. Less than half a dozen hives escaped destruction. Kent Police are investigating, but Ms Tulett believes there is little they can do without witnesses. She is also unsure what the farm can do to stop a repeat of the attack, saying: “All we can do is remove the bees from the site. We could set up CCTV, but that’s not really going to help.” A police spokesman confirmed they are investigating a reported arson in Sellindge and added: “More than 20 hives were reportedly destroyed.” It is the latest in a series of apiaryrelated crimes, predominantly thefts. Hundreds of thousands of bees have been stolen across England and Wales since 2011, a trend which has also been blamed on rivalry between beekeepers. of deaths out of a 32-bed ward. I was too young and too naive, I didn’t have the knowledge and experience to ... see senior management and say, ‘I am not happy about this’.” Following his conviction in 2000 for 15 murders, Ms Whitehead provided information to a public inquiry which helped uncover further victims from his time at Pontefract General Hospital. It was estimated that Shipman may have secretly poisoned more than 250 of his patients across three decades before his eventual arrest in 1998. A former detective who investigated Shipman in 1975 for drug offences described his amazement that he was not struck off the General Medical Register at the time. George McKeating said he had been about to give evidence to a hearing when he was told it had already finished and the panel had decided he was not a danger to the public. He said: “I was a bit flabbergasted to say the least. In my experience addicts very rarely rehabilitate.” Harold Shipman: Doctor Death is on ITV at 9pm tonight. 14 ** Thursday 26 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph World news Macron’s Congress speech takes swipe PRESIDENT Emmanuel Macron demanded climate change action and defended the Iran nuclear deal yesterday in a pointed rebuke of Donald Trump’s “America First” foreign policy. Addressing a joint session of the US Congress, he called on America to stay engaged in the world in a rebuttal of the US president’s isolationist instincts. Mr Macron said there was no “Planet B” as he predicted the United States will one day return to the Paris climate change agreement. The French leader also criticised Mr Trump for wanting to rip up the Iran agreement, but agreed Tehran must never be allowed to obtain nuclear weapons. On tariffs, he warned that abandoning free and fair trade would destroy jobs, increase prices and punish the middle classes. He also said global threats would spiral and the UN and Nato would be weaker if the US stopped fighting for its values overseas. “Today, the call we hear is the call of history,” Mr Macron said in an emotive call to arms. “This is the time of determination and courage. What we cherish is at stake. What we love is in danger. We have no choice but to prevail and together we shall prevail.” But he warned: “We can choose isolationism. But closing the door to the world will not stop the evolution of the world. If we decide to open our eyes wider, we will be much stronger.” The speech ended a three-day US state visit that has seen Mr Macron reaffirm his position as the world leader with the closest personal relationship with Mr Trump. Their touchyfeely series of press calls was referenced jokingly by Mr Macron. The speech – the first by a world leader to a joint session of US law-makers since 2016 – showed Mr Macron willing to publicly challenge Mr Trump. China’s manned Moon ‘palace’ to By Neil Connor in Beijing CHINA has announced plans to build a manned Moon base to act as a launchpad for missions to Mars and to explore lunar resources. The outpost is expected to have “multiple tube cabins that interconnect and provide oxygen to people inside”, according to an official video seen by Chinese media. The scientific research base, which will be partly sustained by solar power, marks the latest step in Beijing’s ambitious space programme. “We believe that the Chinese nation’s dream of residing in a ‘lunar palace’ will soon become a reality,” the newspaper China Daily quoted the country’s National Space Administration’s video as saying. The paper said it was the first time that China had made public its plans for a lunar outpost. In April last year, a ‘We believe that the Chinese nation’s dream of residing in a ‘lunar palace’ will soon become a reality’ Chinese space official had said Beijing was discussing a future Moon base with the European Space Agency, but few details later emerged. Then, last November, administra- Japanese demand change to menu for Korea summit By Our Foreign Staff JAPAN has demanded that South Korea rethinks a mango mousse dessert it plans to serve at the North-South summit dinner tomorrow, because it features a map of the Korean peninsula that includes islands disputed with Japan, a recurring irritant for Tokyo. The mousse, subtitled “Spring of the People”, is served with an image of the islands – known as Takeshima in Japan and Dokdo in Korea – which are located in the Sea of Japan, which Seoul refers to as the East Sea. “It is extremely regrettable,” a Japanese foreign ministry spokesman said yesterday, adding that Japan had lodged a protest. “We have asked that the dessert not be served.” The dispute comes as the North Korean leader Kim Jong-un and South Korea’s President Moon Jae-in prepare to meet to discuss Pyongyang’s nuclear weapons programme. Relations between the two Koreas and Japan have long been strained by territorial disputes and resentment over Imperial Japan’s colonisation of the Korean peninsula during the Second World War. ALI ATMACA/ANADOLU AGENCY/GETTY IMAGES By Ben Riley-Smith, Nick Allen and Rozina Sabur Flying high Semin Ozturk, 27, Turkey’s first professional female aerobatic pilot, performs a demonstration flight in her 360 horsepower Pitts S2-B plane in Eskisehir. ** The Daily Telegraph Thursday 26 April 2018 Emmanuel Macron and his wife Brigitte join Donald Trump and First Lady Melania, left, for a state dinner at the White House before a toast, below, with guests including Apple’s Tim Cook, Rupert Murdoch and Jerry Hall, as well as Henry and Nancy Kissinger 15 British-Iranian professor arrested by Iran’s Revolutionary Guard Abbas Edalat, an anti-war activist, may be in the notorious Evin jail after raid on his home in Tehran By Raf Sanchez and Ahmed Vahdat A BRITISH-Iranian academic from Imperial College London has been arrested in Iran, the latest of dozens of dual nationals taken into custody by Tehran since the 2015 nuclear deal. Abbas Edalat, a professor of computer science and mathematics, was in Iran for an academic workshop when he was arrested on April 15 by the Revolutionary Guard, according to the Centre for Human Rights in Iran. “Iran’s continued arbitrary arrests of dual nationals without transparency and lack of due process is extremely concerning,” said Hadi Ghaemi, the centre’s executive director. “The Iranian judiciary and the security establishment, particularly the Revolutionary Guards, are responsible for the wellbeing of these detainees.” Iran has arrested at least 30 dual nationals since the nuclear agreement, according to human rights groups. There are no exact figures on detainees but Iran is believed to be holding at least four Britons, including Mr Edalat, who strenuously maintains his innocence. Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe, a charity worker with the Thomson Reuters foundation, was sentenced to five years in prison in 2016 on charges she denies of plotting to topple the Iranian government. Kamal Foroughi, a British-Iranian businessman, was arrested in 2011 and sentenced to eight years in prison on espionage charges. Earlier this year Iran also arrested Morad Tahbaz, an Iranian-American businessman who is believed to hold a UK passport, during a clampdown on environmentalists and academics. The arrest of Mr Edalat comes at a critical moment for the future of the 2015 Iran nuclear agreement. Donald Trump must decide by May 12 whether or not he will reimpose US sanctions on Tehran, a move that could effectively send the US crashing out of the deal. According to analysts, Iran’s practice of arresting dual nationals is motivated partly by a desire to use the detainees as leverage in negotiations with Western countries. Iranians who live in the West are often viewed with deep suspicion by the Revolutionary Guard, who are responsible for hunting down foreign spies in Iran. Mr Edalat is known in the UK as an anti-war activist. In 2005 he founded the Campaign Against Sanctions and Military Intervention in Iran, which opposed Western military intervention and sanctions on Iran. The group described itself as an independent human rights group with no links to any governments. It said that Revolutionary Guard agents raided Mr Edalat’s home in Tehran and confiscated books, CDs and a computer. It is believed Mr Edalat is being held at Evin prison, the notorious Tehran jail where dual nationals are often imprisoned. There was no immediate response from the Foreign Office. The joke’s on Britain at presidents’ dinner By Nick Allen WASHINGTON EDITOR ANDREW HARNIK/AP THE relation spéciale between Donald Trump and Emmanuel Macron was sealed with a joke – at the expense of the British. At his state dinner, the first of the Trump presidency, Mr Macron began his toast by referencing the War of 1812, saying: “This White House, full of history, that the British burned down …” He went on to praise James Monroe, the fifth president of the United States, for then having the “brilliant idea of decorating it with French furniture”. Laughter rippled through the State Dining Room as the French president went on to explain why he and Mr at Trump On climate change, he asked: “What is the meaning of our lives if we spend it destroying the future of our children?” He said it was time to “make our planet great again” and predicted that the US would “one day” return to the Paris climate change agreement. That triggered the biggest applause as Democrats leapt to their feet while Republicans gave a more lukewarm response – one of a number of points where his speech split the chamber. On the Iran nuclear deal, Mr Macron pledged France would stay in the 2015 agreement and criticised Mr Trump’s hints that he might withdraw. He repeated Tuesday’s call for a wider deal to tackle Iran’s ballistic missile programme and behaviour in Syria and Yemen, as well as nuclear issues. He pledged: “Iran shall never possess any nuclear weapons. Not now. Not in five years. Not in 10 years. Never.” Last night, Hassan Rouhani, the Iranian president, rejected changes to the nuclear agreement, saying that if the deal stays in place, “it stays in full”. Mr Macron repeatedly challenged Mr Trump’s instinct to disengage from the world – a prominent foreign policy pledge of his 2016 election campaign. He said: “Today, the international community needs to step up our game and build the 21st century world order based on the perennial principles we established together after the Second World War. We must remember the warning of president Roosevelt: freedom is never more than one generation away from extinction. “We didn’t pass it to our children in the bloodstream. It must be fought for, protected, handed on for them to do the same.” The comments will be seen as a call for Mr Trump to stand by Nato and the UN and remain engaged in the Middle East, especially Syria. On Twitter Mr Trump stated he was “looking forward” to the address but maintained silence during the speech. Features: Page 21 launch Mars missions tion officials said China was “conducting a feasibility study for a robotic outpost on the lunar surface to conduct scientific research and technological experiments”, China Daily reported. No schedule for the construction of the base was revealed, nor any details given for how it would operate. China is due to send a lunar probe to the far side of the Moon later this year. The mission will also involve an ambitious experiment which scientists hope will see flowers, potatoes and silkworms grown on the lunar surface. China became the third country to put a man in space with its own rocket in 2003 and it carried out a lunar rover mission 10 years later. Experts believe China aims to land a man on the Moon sometime after 2030, while last year an official said that it would “not take long” before Beijing approved a manned lunar project. Additional reporting by Christine Wei Canberra-bound admiral diverted to be Korean envoy By Nicola Smith ASIA CORRESPONDENT ADMIRAL Harry Harris, the head of the US Pacific Command, is to be nominated for the key, and long-vacant, post of ambassador to South Korea, US officials said. Admiral Harris had already been nominated to be America’s next envoy to Australia until Mike Pompeo, the incoming secretary of state, instigated the switch, The Washington Post reported. Mr Pompeo told his Senate confirmation hearing earlier this month that filling the role required “immediate attention”. Australia also confirmed the news yesterday. Julie Bishop, Australia’s foreign minister, said she had been informed of the decision by John Sullivan, the acting US secretary of state. “We understand this sort of thing happens and we also understand the challenges the United States has on the Korean peninsula,” Ms Bishop told reporters in Sydney. She said Mr Sullivan made it clear a new appointment would be a priority for the next secretary of state. Like South Korea, Australia has not had a full US ambassador since Donald Trump won the US election in 2016. “The national security situation on the Korean Peninsula is of the highest priority,” a US official told Reuters when asked to confirm the switch in nominations. Filling the office in Seoul has become a priority ahead of forthcoming summits between Kim Jong-un, the North Korean leader, Moon Jae-in, South KoAdmiral Harry Harris had been nominated as US ambassador to Australia but is now set to switch to South Korea rea’s president, and Mr Trump, to resolve tensions over Pyongyang’s nuclear and weapons programmes. Admiral Harris is known for his hawkish views on China’s military expansion in the South China Sea, but has less experience of diplomatic involvement with North Korea. He has visited South Korea, where about 28,000 US troops are stationed, multiple times in his various military roles. Trump like each other so much, a fact that was plainly evident to everyone during his visit to Washington. It was, he said, not just an “unbreakable friendship” rooted in the principles that underpinned revolutions and world wars, it was also personal. Addressing his “dear Donald”, Mr Macron said: “On both sides of the ocean, some two years ago, very few would have bet on us being here together today. “But I got to know you. You got to know me. We both know that none of us easily changes his mind. But we will work together, and we have this ability to listen to one another. This is the reason why our relationship will serve our strong history.” In his toast, Mr Trump quoted Victor Hugo, speaking of the divine flame that “evil can never wholly extinguish” and how “good can make to glow with splendour”. On the campaign trail in 2016, Mr Trump railed about the cost of bloated state dinners, and he made sure this one was a comparatively intimate affair. There were only 123 guests, mostly titans of the political and financial worlds, seated at 13 round tables. They dined on goat’s cheese gateau, spring lamb and nectarine tarts. Celebrities from film, television and music were absent, but among those joining the US and French officials were Tim Cook, the chief executive of Apple, Rupert Murdoch, and Christine Lagarde, the IMF managing director. It marked a triumph for Melania Trump and was widely judged to be her finest moment so far as the First Lady. Mrs Trump organised the intricacies of the meal, from the menu to the gold-trimmed table settings and the decorations, which included 1,500 cherry blossom branches and 1,000 stems of white lilacs. In a nod to her guests, she wore a Chanel gown, and was able to chat to them in fluent French. Mr Trump later praised his wife for a “spectacular” event, adding: “Washington is abuzz over what an incredible job Melania did.” 16 *** Thursday 26 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph World news Sexual fantasist gets life for killing journalist on his submarine By James Crisp A DANISH inventor, Peter Madsen, was yesterday jailed for life for the premeditated murder and sexual assault of Swedish journalist Kim Wall on his homemade submarine. Madsen, 47, had confessed to cutting up the 30-year-old’s body and throwing her remains overboard in waters off Copenhagen, but claimed her death was accidental. Ms Wall, a freelance reporter, had set off with the self-titled “inventrepreneur” to interview him on his vessel, having planned a feature on him for a magazine. During the trial, which lasted 12 days and involved evidence from 36 witnesses, special prosecutor Jakob BuchJepsen accused Madsen of attempting to carry out “the perfect crime”. He said Madsen killed Ms Wall in a macabre sexual fantasy, showing the court video footage, found on the inventor’s computer, of women being tortured, beheaded, impaled and hanged. “He committed a cynical, planned murder of a particularly brutal nature,” the judge at Copenhagen City Council said as she read out the guilty verdict, adding that Madsen “dismembered the body in order to hide the evidence of murder”. A black-clad Madsen looked shaken by the verdict and swiftly signalled he would appeal. A life sentence in Denmark typically lasts about 16 years and he will be only the 25th person serving one in the Nordic country. Madsen, known for his exploits in amateur space travel, confessed to stuffing the award-winning journalist’s head, arms and legs into plastic bags, Peter Madsen, a self-styled ‘inventrepreneur’, watched extreme pornography before killing Kim Wall weighing them down with metal pipes before tossing them into the sea. He later scuttled his midget submarine, UC3 Nautilus. After changing his story several times, Madsen testified that she died when the air pressure failed and toxic fumes filled his vessel while he was up on deck. He claimed he had cut up the body to spare Ms Wall’s family the details of her painful suffocation. The court found the circumstances were enough to find Madsen’s version of events “untrustworthy”, citing the fact that he took on board a saw, plastic strips and a sharpened screwdriver just before the voyage. The prosecution also presented as evidence the fact that on the night before Ms Wall boarded his vessel, he googled “beheaded girl agony”, which Madsen tried to claim was “pure coincidence”. On the final day of evidence, Madsen, who had described himself to friends as “a psychopath but a loving one”, told the court: “I’m really, really sorry for what happened.” Ms Wall’s parents told Swedish media they did not wish to comment on the case. The Danish court rejected their claim for £16,000 damages, saying the journalist had moved out, but granted her boyfriend, who reported her missing, £10,800. The court ordered seizure of the scuttled submarine. Venice takes steps to keep invasion of tourists at bay By Nick Squires in Rome VENICE is to employ unprecedented crowd control measures to separate tourists from locals as the World Heritage city braces for this busy bank holiday weekend. Tourists trying to reach the most popular landmarks – St Mark’s Square and the Rialto Bridge – will be diverted to visitor-only routes, away from locals who have for years complained that their day-to-day lives are made a misery by the invasion of visitors. With the arrival of warm weather in Italy and the tourist season in full swing in La Serenissima, as the maritime republic was once called, there are fears of severe congestion in the city’s narrow streets and alleyways. Tourist numbers are expected to peak between Saturday and Tuesday, which is a public holiday in Italy and many other countries. “The tourist flows heading to Rialto or San Marco will be directed on alternative routes,” the city council said. Luigi Brugnaro, the mayor, signed a decree that contains “urgent measures to guarantee public safety, security and livability in the historic city of Venice”. Tourists who try to arrive by car from the Italian mainland may be blocked from using Ponte della Libertà, the one bridge that spans the lagoon. The effect of mass tourism is so smothering that Venice has long debated the possibility of setting a limit on the number of visitors who can enter each day and the restriction on cars appears to be a step in that direction. The mayor said the package of extraordinary measures was “maybe the first (of its kind) in Italy”. The objective was to “manage pedestrian and water traffic and the flows of people”. The mayor said the measures were an “ex- periment”, suggesting that they may be implemented again if successful. They appeared to be a response, in part, to this year’s long Easter weekend, when Venice was inundated with even more tourists than usual and visitors had to wait for up to an hour to board the city’s “vaporetto” water buses. During this year’s Carnival, the city experimented with new technology, including laser sensors, to keep tabs on the huge crowds who descended on the city. In 2016 Venetians, clutching suitcases and holdalls to symbolise exodus, staged a protest against the rapid depopulation of their city, warning that it risks turning into a cultural Disneyland unless drastic measures are taken. The city’s population has dipped below 55,000, a historic low and a sharp drop from the 190,000 who lived there at the end of the Second World War. Venice is not the only place in Europe that says tourists are threatening ‘Urgent measures to guarantee public safety, security and livability in the historic city of Venice’ the very thing they have come to see. The Greek island of Santorini and Dubrovnik in Croatia have recently put limits on the number of tourists they are prepared to absorb. Nearly two million people visited Santorini last year, 850,000 of them on cruise ships. The mayor has capped the daily influx at 8,000, fearing that the Cycladic island is otherwise in danger of losing its charm. Campaigners from Santorini, Dubrovnik, Venice, Corfu and Rhodes gathered in Venice this month to discuss how to control mass tourism. They blame low-cost flights and the booming cruise ship trade for bringing ever-greater numbers of visitors, and home-letting websites such as Airbnb for emptying historic destinations of locals and killing community spirit. Major transformation Damien Lewis is unrecognisable as he appears on the set of Run This Town, a film in which he plays Rob Ford, the former Toronto mayor (below). GOFFPHOTOS.COM; GETTY IMAGES; REUTERS Locals to get separate routes in the Italian city and cars may be blocked from bridge across lagoon Simpsons actor ready to give up the role of ‘racist stereotype’ Apu By Tristram Saunders HANK AZARIA, The Simpsons actor, has said he would be “willing to step aside” from playing Indian shopkeeper Apu, after a documentary claimed the character was a racist stereotype. “People in the South Asian community in [the US] have been fairly upset,” said Azaria, 53. “It’s sparked a conversation about what should be done with the character.” Azaria has acted in The Simpsons since the show began in 1989, voicing dozens of characters including Moe Szyslak, the grumpy barman, and Chief Clancy Wiggum, the dim-witted chief of police. “The idea that anyone young or old, past or present, was bullied or teased based on ... Apu? It really makes me sad,” Azaria told Stephen Colbert, the television host. “It certainly was not my intention. I wanted to bring laughter and joy.” The actor continued: “I re- ally want to see South Asian writers in the room – not in a token way, but genuinely informing whatever new direction this character may take, including how it is voiced or not voiced. “I’m perfectly willing to step aside, or help transition it into something new. I really hope that’s what The Simpsons does.” In The Problem with Apu US comedian Hari Kondabolu’s 2017 TV documentary, he called the character an offensive stereotype. “Apu reflected how America viewed [Indians] – servile, devious and goofy,” he said. The Simpsons nodded towards the controversy earlier this month, with an episode in which Marge and Lisa Simpson read an old children’s book, and are surprised by its “offensive” characters. “Something that started decades ago and was applauded and inoffensive is now politically incorrect,” Lisa says. “What can you do?” Archaeologists unearth ‘the last child of Pompeii’ By Nick Squires in Rome ARCHAEOLOGISTS in Pompeii have discovered the skeleton of a child caught in the cataclysmic eruption of Vesuvius nearly 2,000 years ago. It is the first time in 50 years that a child’s skeleton has been unearthed in the remains of the ancient Roman city Bavaria puts crosses on show By Justin Huggler in Berlin THE German state of Bavaria has ordered crosses to be displayed in public buildings. “It’s a fundamental symbol of our Bavarian identity and way of life,” Markus Söder, the regional prime minister, said in a statement. Critics denounced it as un- constitutional and accused Mr Söder of politicising religion ahead of regional elections later this year. Burkhard Hose, a Catholic theologian, told Mr Söder: “You are using Christianity to exclude people of other faiths. I urge you to stop using Christianity as a bulwark against Islam.” WORLD BULLETIN Philippines sends Indian guru jailed nun, 71, packing for raping girl, 16 The Philippines has ordered the deportation of a 71-year-old nun after President Rodrigo Duterte, complained about her joining protest rallies. Patricia Anne Fox, originally from Australia, had been resident there for 27 years. Asaram Bapu, 77, a highlyregarded Indian spiritual guru with millions of followers worldwide, was yesterday sentenced to life in prison by a court in the western city of Jodhpur for raping a 16-year-old girl in 2013 at one of his ashrams. Madrid boss quits Citrus disease to after ‘theft’ charge hit the Med next Cristina Cifuentes has resigned as president of the Madrid region after a scandal over her allegedly fraudulent master’s degree was compounded by online revelations that she was accused of shoplifting products worth €40 in 2011. A disease that has ravaged American citrus crops now threatens European countries from which the UK imports most of its fruit. French researchers have warned that citrus greening disease is likely to strike the Mediterranean next. DNA is being used to establish the sex of the remains south of Naples destroyed in AD79. The child, believed to be eight years old, took refuge in the public baths when the volcano erupted. It is believed the child suffocated in the clouds of scorching ash that enveloped the city. It would have settled on the body, as it did on so many other victims, solidifying when rain fell, thus preserving the remains. Archaeologists made the find during a sweep of the baths using scanning instruments which picked up an anomaly in the soil. “This is an extraordinary find in an area we thought had been fully excavated in the 19th century,” Massimo Osanna, the director general of Pompeii, told La Repubblica newspaper. The Daily Telegraph Thursday 26 April 2018 *** 17 18 *** Thursday 26 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph Comment Treating a walk like a race is the fast track to good health JAN ETHERINGTON ‘C ome on, keep up!” As the eldest of four girls, I spent my childhood striding ahead of my younger sisters, across the beaches of Gower, along the road to school, at airports and at railway stations. My pace has not slowed as the years have passed, so I was pleased to read that a review by King’s College London has discovered that just 150 minutes of moderate, aerobic activity a week – which can include brisk walking – means that you are 31 per cent less likely to develop depression. Too often dismissed, a bracing, heart-rate-raising walk seems to me a nearperfect form of exercise; indeed, it’s been shown to be superior to running for heart health. Here on the Suffolk coast where I now live, the air is so clean but the wind is often extremely wild, so getting a move on is the only way to go. Slow down and you freeze. Certainly, if I’m stuck on a problem or having a tough day, “stepping out” brings an instant feeling of well-being. Although I may not jump up and down and wag my tail, my feeling of joy is very similar to that of my dog as I pull on my walking boots and grab his lead. We’re both out of the door, almost at a run. Jagger, my English Setter, likes to be in front and we set a cracking pace. Friends who come with us, however, hoping for a leisurely amble, yell “Hey, slow down!”, as I’m often a couple of fields ahead of them. I see no point in slow walking, unless you’re helping someone elderly or infirm. My long-legged friend, Astrid, took Peg, her 90-year-old mother, shopping. Peg leant on the supermarket trolley, while Astrid steered it from the front. Unfortunately, as they headed out of the supermarket and into the car park, Astrid inevitably picked up speed. When she finally turned round, her mother wasn’t there. She had peeled off and was leaning on a car boot, quietly furious. Of course, I know many people who, because of age or illness, can’t walk fast and I always try to be considerate to them. But fast walkers can be impatient with mere dawdlers. We have tourists in our village who have all the time in the world, admiring the view, stopping to take photos, just as I’m sprinting to catch the post. Getting stuck behind such a slow-moving crowd of people is frustrating to the fleet of foot. We try to weave in and out, muttering “’Scuse me” and “Sorry” as politely as we can, but really we want to say “Hurry up!” When I worked in London, Waterloo Bridge in the morning rush hour was a fast walker’s paradise. We all hurtled along, ignoring the magnificent view, dashing past anyone who paused for a second, or was slowing us down. It was a race, by any other name, to get to the other side before the person walking next to you. For a fast walker married to someone who takes his time, it can be hard to adjust. When my husband had a knee replacement, I forgot that his pace had slowed. I headed off at my usual speed, chatting away, but then turned to direct the question, “Do you think I should have my eyebrows dyed?” to a perfect stranger. My husband was yards behind. Now, as a grandmother with teenage grandchildren, it’s a family joke that immediately after lunch I will leap up and declare: “Right, time to get some fresh air!” And I live in hope that one day, instead of groans, the dog and I will be joined by the rest of the family, just once, for a nice, brisk walk. READ MORE at telegraph.co.uk/opinion To order prints or signed copies of any Telegraph cartoon, go to telegraph.co.uk/prints-cartoons or call 0191 603 0178 email@example.com Britain’s elites have a long history of backing down. They’ll do so again If it robs us of Brexit, the establishment would end its glorious tradition of absorbing change ALLISTER HEATH I t is unlikely, when David Cameron called his referendum on EU membership, that he was aware of just how many gambles he was taking simultaneously. He was betting the house not just once, but at least four or five times, as we are only now finding out. He wasn’t merely hoping to crush the Euroscepticism that had overshadowed British politics since the late Eighties, or staking his career on the outcome, or even risking the election of our first hard-Left, antiWestern prime minister. These, it turns out, were almost second-order bets compared with Mr Cameron’s real, existential roll of the dice. Without understanding what he was doing, he was putting the British establishment to its greatest moral and practical test in decades. How would it cope with a Leave vote? Would it accept the verdict, and find it in itself to fight for the best possible exit for Britain? Would it implode in a morass of incompetence? Or would it go rogue, embrace a weird ultra-elitist identitydriven class war, and declare the end of the UK’s long and glorious experiment with democracy? And if it did embark on such a reckless course, what did it think the response from an already disillusioned public would be? A shrug, or something a little more robust? It was a gigantic experiment and, 22 months on, we are still no clearer on the results. The chances of Brexit being stopped keep on rising, as a result of a lack of leadership, competence and commitment and the efforts of an extraordinary Remainer counter-offensive. If MPs, in a moment of madness, decide to keep us in the customs union, robbing us of much of the possible upside of Brexit, or if the Government decides that it will use the Irish question as the excuse to surrender, then all bets will be off. Even a decade ago, there would have been little doubt that the British establishment would have gone along with the popular will, especially when expressed in such a stark way. Blairism, in its original incarnation and for all its terrible flaws, was democratic and populist. Today’s political culture has degenerated to such an extent that it may be that the Brexit vote came too late to save the establishment from itself. If so, it would threaten a fundamental truth about our political system. Until now, Britain has brilliantly absorbed the big tidal waves of social, political and economic change: to many foreign observers, this ability to compromise, to internalise massive change while retaining our existing institutions, is the very essence of Britishness. The country has coped with religious change, the emergence of capitalism and democracy, industrialisation and the end of aristocratic power, the rise of socialism, decolonisation, world wars and the spread of globalisation with remarkable continuity, though the nonsense of the past few months reveals that our elites are finding it tougher to deal with the anticorporatist, anti-technocratic revolt. The French find our remarkable ability to reinvent ourselves – our profound pragmatism – especially fascinating as they don’t function or think in this way. We don’t do proper, bloody revolutions that sweep everything away and reset the clock. For a variety of reasons, including luck and geography, we are Burkean, not Cartesian: we change to preserve, and from within. We have never had a Year Zero or suffered the trauma of occupation (at least not since 1066); in that sense, we share with the Swiss a long history of relative stability which makes us almost uniquely attractive to investors and free-thinkers. Our elites have long been willing to refresh themselves by absorbing new members, be they from different social groups or overseas, a tradition the monarchy is continuing today. Until Brexit, our ruling class knew when to back down; it understood that it pays to compromise rather than resist beyond breaking point. Even when monarchs were removed, as during the Glorious Revolution, James II was replaced by William and Mary, not a president. The Cromwellian interlude didn’t last long, and there was a clear (but slow) downwards shift of political power and a spreading of prosperity. Time and again, the British system was able to broker compromises. One of the most quintessential was the reform of the House of Lords in 1911: not quite everything changed, and certainly not appearances. Even our break with Rome led to the establishment of the Church of England, that most Catholic version of Protestantism. We didn’t embrace full communism after the Second World War, and it only took five years for Winston Churchill to return to power. Thatcherism was a compromise between real, radical capitalism and the welfare state; Blairism was sold as a means of smoothing over Thatcher’s rough edges. Brexit needs to be approached as merely the latest such chapter in FOLLOW Allister Heath on Twitter @AllisterHeath; READ MORE at telegraph.co.uk/ opinion Britain’s long history: we must regain self-government while minimising economic dislocation. Theresa May’s challenge was to show how she, a Remainer, could normalise Brexit and the public’s demand for democracy and control. The Remainer caricature of Brexit as a protectionist, autarchic, xenophobic, inward-looking, isolationist project would be spectacularly disproved. Britain would genuinely leave the EU, including the single market and customs union, but remain closely tied to it through a comprehensive trade deal. Her mission was to take the fringe appeal and the populism out of Brexit and embrace the Global Britain vision. We wouldn’t turn our back on all immigration but would control it more closely, as demanded by public opinion in all Western societies. In fact, a Brexit implemented by a centrist politician from a centreRight party would be a very British reconciliation of liberalism and nationalism, a perfect synthesis. The ruling classes would absorb Brexit and make it theirs, just as they had once absorbed democracy, capitalism, socialism, free trade and the other great ideological and cultural shifts. May could still pull off a miracle and deliver a real Brexit; or if she loses her nerve, the next Tory leader could push it through. I still believe that we will leave, for real and on time, but if I’m wrong one thing is certain: the Remainers won’t have the last laugh. There is one overriding lesson from Britain’s history: for all their current muscle-flexing, the elites cannot win a head-on confrontation with the public or halt big, historic shifts. To survive, they always end up adapting and accepting the inevitable. They will do so again this time. It may take another referendum, or another election, but in the end we will leave the EU. The young are freedom-loving capitalists We need to double down on the values which have made Britain great and Labour wants to crush LIZ TRUSS F rom the coffee bars of Camden to the gin joints of Norfolk – across Britain a revolution is brewing. And no, it’s not John McDonnell’s bitter socialist hooch. It’s a generation growing up with an entirely different view of the world – free-thinking, optimistic and hungry for success. The under-30s are the risk-takers, inventors and freethinkers, with unprecedented freedom to start a business, broadcast their views to the world, or travel anywhere they like at the push of a button. Far from the hat-wearing, big-state-loving Marxists often portrayed in the media, they are the most freedom-loving, enterprising generation ever. And they are changing attitudes and industries – in big and small ways – day in, day out. That’s possible because we live in a society that has cherished and encouraged personal freedom, and put the individual before the state while making sure the least well off always have a safety net. But those ideas are more threatened now than they ever have been. Not by some encroaching overseas menace, but by a UK party that wants to be in government. Jeremy Corbyn and Mr McDonnell have made no secret of their desire to stamp out individualism and enterprise. They call businesses the “real enemy”. Their supporters hound dissenters and label them “traitors”. And they openly call for government to take more control over the economy and our lives. We can already see their controlling ways in councils across the country: anyone sensible abused until they are booted out or quit, services like Airbnb and Uber banned, new schemes dreamt up for hiking tax. This assault on freedom wouldn’t just damage the economy, it would erode the economic freedoms which give power to the people. The free market is fundamentally humane and democratic, driven by ideas and millions of individual choices about what to do with our money which defy those who benefit from the status quo. If Labour took away that freedom to innovate and spend our money how we want, they would take away our power over the powerful. If Mr McDonnell nationalised whole industries, they would be quickly taken over by bureaucrats more concerned about their careers than about customers. Except this time, there will be no choice and nowhere to turn when things go wrong. Imagine what it would be like living in such a country. Where you are frowned upon for making money, or branded a traitor for criticising the politicians who control an increasing share of our lives. I don’t think that’s a society any of us want, especially those just starting out. They are Snapchatting, pop-up-shopping, online-trading freedom fighters. They don’t want po-faced, humourless socialists banning fun and controlling every part of our lives. We are motivated by making money – and that’s a good thing. It’s the rich and established who benefit when people from ordinary backgrounds can’t make it big. So instead of frowning on success and promising endless handouts, we should give young people the freedom to succeed and channel their go-getting attitude to tackle the big issues we face. FOLLOW Liz Truss on Twitter @trussliz; READ MORE at telegraph.co.uk/ opinion Refresh is a new initiative by young people, for young people, to provide a free-market response to Britain’s biggest issues. Find us on Facebook and @TeleRefresh In housing, for example, where the answer is more market, not less. More land to build on and more small construction firms competing with established players will push down prices and make ownership a reality for millions. The same goes for energy, where we need a shake-up that delivers more competition. And to turbocharge these changes, we need to unleash the energy, audacity and disruptive thinking of the next generation. So I welcome the Telegraph’s Refresh campaign, which will engage young people and bring energy and urgency to developing radical, free-market solutions to challenges like housing and equality of opportunity. And on the eve of the local elections, I urge everyone to pick up their flat whites, don their blue and fight for the values of freedom, individual endeavour and opportunity that got us where we are today – a freer and more prosperous society than we have ever been. Because if we can double down on those values as we leave the EU, we can build a richer, more self-confident, lean-in Britain where everyone, regardless of background, has the opportunity to change the world. Liz Truss is Chief Secretary to the Treasury *** The Daily Telegraph Thursday 26 April 2018 19 Letters to the Editor Those who worked are told to sell their homes to pay for those who didn’t Illegal immigration SIR – Simon Stevens, the head of the NHS, proposes that older people should sell their homes to fund social care (report, April 25). Why? This is a generation that worked hard to get their own homes. We were not allowed to sit on our backsides and hold our hands out for benefits. At the labour exchange, you were offered three jobs and if one was not taken then your allowances were stopped. It’s always those who have worked who pay for those who haven’t. Are we saying to youngsters: live for today, spend your money and then let the government look after you? Mary Boyles New Rossington, South Yorkshire The racism in Labour’s ranks A Jewish Labour MP attending a party disciplinary hearing about alleged anti-Semitism yesterday was protected by 40 colleagues from Left-wing activists who had gathered to heckle her. Meanwhile, in the House of Commons, Jeremy Corbyn was accusing the Prime Minister of presiding over a policy “hostile” to immigrants when she was home secretary. The implication was that the Tories were indifferent to the concerns of immigrants and the recent debacle over the residency rights of the Windrush generation was proof of their attitude. Ahead of local elections next week, the two main parties face the most toxic charge that can be levelled against a political group: racism. But the Windrush mess, which has left people who have lived here for decades in serious difficulties, while lamentable, is clearly an administrative blunder by the Home Office, not a deliberate policy. By contrast, what is going on in Labour is of a different order of magnitude. As we report today, the Left does not take the allegations of antiSemitism seriously at all. They think it is all a plot by moderate MPs to undermine Mr Corbyn by smear. Len McCluskey, leader of the Unite trade union and therefore the party’s most powerful benefactor, has even gone so far as to encourage activists to purge five MPs who have been prominent in their criticism on this subject. Yet Ruth Smeeth, the MP whose colleagues accompanied her yesterday, told the Commons just days ago of the vile anti-Semitic abuse she has received, much of it from people claiming to be supporters of Mr Corbyn. Another Jewish MP, Luciana Berger, said that “within the Labour Party, anti-Semitism is now more commonplace, it is more conspicuous and it is more corrosive”. The Windrush issue is a blot on the Government’s copy book, though successive governments are guilty of failing to clarify the rights of the people affected. But the anti-Semitism evinced by the Momentum wing of Labour is tied into an anti-American and anti-Israel worldview whose most prominent proponent is Mr Corbyn himself. He is unwilling to move against those who should be kicked out of the party, like Ken Livingstone, because they are his supporters and friends. He has made the required noises against anti-Semitism without doing anything about it. Before Mr Corbyn points to the mote in the Tory eye, he should consider the beam in his own. Village heroes A n extraordinary food renaissance has taken place in Britain in recent years based around the provision of locally sourced produce. In the countryside, shops, pubs, butchers and rural enterprises are championing high-quality meat, game, cheeses, fruit and vegetables often farmed, shot, made or grown within a few miles’ radius. For those living in towns and cities, used to seeing their supermarkets stocked with imported foodstuffs all year round, they serve as a reminder of the seasonal delights of home-grown provender. The best examples were on parade at the House of Lords yesterday where the Countryside Alliance staged its 13th awards ceremony known as the Rural Oscars. The Telegraph plaque for Best Village Shop was won by Pontrilas Post Office and Store in Herefordshire. This is run as a social enterprise and has become the hub of the local community, a meeting place as well as somewhere to shop and, remarkably, still a flourishing post office. It also helps to look after elderly and isolated people in rural areas where traditional support systems like the family and the Church are far weaker than they once were. The village shop holds lunch clubs for the elderly and has a dementia-friendly arts and crafts café. On Christmas Day, it welcomed 14 villagers for lunch. As Michael Gove, the Environment Secretary, observed at the awards ceremony, rural Britain thrives through the dedication and resilience of its unsung heroes. Political discourse is too often driven by metropolitan considerations to the exclusion of rural affairs. This was a celebration of the ingenuity, inventiveness and rootedness of those who form the backbone of the nation. Lobsters like us N o one, given the choice, should be unkind to a lobster. Michael Gove, the Environment Secretary, wants us not to boil the creatures alive, not at least without stunning them first. This is well and good, even if it does spoil the taste, but will it stop there? If you were a new-caught lobster and had rubber bands put round your claws to stop you nipping the fish-cook’s finger, you’d be very frustrated. If you were a lobster on death row, hanging around in a tank of water with a few other lobsters to whom you had not been introduced, you’d be bored and bad-tempered. What about your very distant cousins, the oysters? You’d hate to see them uttering their ostreaceous last words as they slid down the throats of heartless seafoodfanciers. Granted, you are not a lobster, but the law may soon pretend that a lobster is like you. SIR – It is difficult to disagree that house equity should be used to cover an owner’s social care costs. This not least because the bulk of that value is likely to have been a mostly speculative (or at least unearned) gain. The need to reduce the tax burden that must otherwise fall on non-property owners must prevail We accept letters by post, fax and email only. Please include name, address, work and home telephone numbers. 111 Buckingham Palace Road, London SW1W 0DT FAX 020 7931 2878 EMAIL dtletters@ telegraph.co.uk FOLLOW Telegraph Letters on Twitter @LettersDesk SIR – Mr Stevens says the old should sell their homes, as they are in a “relatively advantaged position” over the young. Has he not realised that the young expect to inherit those homes? John Stephenson Marlow, Buckinghamshire SIR – Mr Stevens’s solution appears to be short-term, for a single generation. Home ownership is dropping and SIR – The quoted figure of 700,000 illegal immigrants residing in Britain (report, April 25) is in itself staggering, but given the Home Office’s persistent record of understating its own incompetence, this is almost certainly an underestimate. We have in Britain a woeful level of prevention, an inability to detect and apprehend those already here illegally, and now a Foreign Secretary who holds out the prospect of citizenship to anyone reaching these shores by whatever means, as long as he or she keeps their head down. What more encouragement do economic migrants and their traffickers need? Steve Haynes Chichester, West Sussex the young find it increasingly difficult to buy a property. Once home-owners have been forced to pay for their care, how will the next generation’s be paid for? They’ll have no assets to plunder. Roger Gentry Sutton-at-Hone, Kent SIR – I, like many pensioners, agree with Simon Stevens. However, we cannot progress until a united front is presented to local authorities, which for a number of years have refused to pay the economic costs of care for those who have fewer assets. It is clearly wrong that those who do own houses should provide a substantial subsidy to the council. Who in Government will stand up and insist this wrong is corrected? R F Solly Flitwick, Bedfordshire SIR – Could Boris Johnson elaborate on exactly what documentation a “10-year” illegal immigrant would need to show to confirm date of arrival? G P Brown Norwich SIR – At what point did the nation’s private housing become the property of the state, to disburse as it thinks fit? Barry Hughes Lytham St Annes, Lancashire Tied to EU tariffs Traditional counties SIR – Further to your excellent coverage of our campaign to restore awareness of Britain’s traditional counties (report, April 23), it is true that these historical entities still exist in law (Letters, April 24). As our Ipsos-Mori survey also showed, the new administrative areas introduced by the 1974 reforms caused huge confusion. As secretary of state, Eric Pickles did recognise the old counties in 2013. The hard work starts now in enforcing such recognition as necessary; hence our campaign with the Conservative MP Henry Smith and other parliamentarians to get a Bill into statute. Gerard Dugdill British Counties Campaign Enfield, Middlesex SIR – The 1974 government reform resulted in unwanted boundary changes and new county names. Here in East Yorkshire, we thought we had got rid of “North Humberside” many years ago, but the police, NHS, fire service, banks and so on have clung at least to the “Humberside” part, which includes northern Lincolnshire. That encourages people from other parts of the country to continue using it in postal communication, though last month I was disgusted to receive a publication from elsewhere in Yorkshire so addressed. Any chance of our three Ridings returning, with York as their independent centre? Phillip Crossland Driffield, East Yorkshire Offline banking SIR – The difficulties experienced by TSB in its effort to update its computer systems, which prevented customers from accessing their accounts online (report, April 24), are a perfect illustration of why the banks should not be closing so many of their high street branches. C J Allan Heswall, Wirral GETTY IMAGES established 1855 over an understandable desire to leave assets to descendants. It might be less contentious and painful if the value of a home on a person entering care was regarded as collateral for a government loan to cover care costs. The property would be sold and the care amount recouped after the owner’s death. Being, ultimately, a charge on society, care costs of those without either property or assets should be funded from a designated inheritance tax receipts fund. Tony Stone Oxted, Surrey SIR – Staying in the customs union (report, April 24) not only prevents us from negotiating trade deals with other countries but also ties us to existing arrangements that the EU has in place, mainly to protect French farmers and German industry. How many people know, for example, that they pay an EU tariff on butter from Australia or New Zealand of £1.50 per kilogram? Or £2 or £3 on a leg of lamb from those countries? This tariff goes to the EU, not to the country of import. These are just some of the items subject to EU taxes which, if removed, would considerably reduce the cost of food in Britain. Why is this not more forcibly pointed out by our Government? Bernard Howe Rhu, Dunbartonshire The play’s the thing Curiosity can be dangerous for cats. Once under the farm door, is it safe on the outside? Banning electric collars would harm more cats siR – Michael Gove is proposing a ban of the use of electric collars for cats. Thousands of cat owners use these collars in combination with electronic containment fences to stop cats from straying from their gardens and into the street. As many as 300,000 cats are killed by traffic every year and even more are seriously injured, so these fences make a significant contribution to animal welfare. In its consultation document, the Government presents no evidence in favour of a ban on these collars, whereas peer-reviewed evidence (N Kasbaoui et al, PLOS One, 2016) demonstrates that no long-term welfare issues result from their use. As Emeritus Professor of Feline Medicine at Bristol University and deputy chairman of the charity Cats Protection, I have dedicated my career to the welfare of cats. I would implore the Government to recognise that containment fences are entirely different from dog training collars, and not to ban them. A ban would condemn many cats to unnecessary suffering and death. Professor Timothy Gruffydd-Jones Bristol siR – Our dog is a rescue terrier and, by the time we adopted him, he already had a strong hunting instinct. We worked hard to retrain him, but to no avail, and, despite our house being fully fenced, he got out and was hit by a car while chasing a pheasant out of our driveway. Our vet recommended installing an electric containment fence, so we did. Our dog learnt quickly, by receiving approximately four mild shocks, all of which were preceded by a beep when he approached the edges of the garden. He now knows exactly where the boundary is. The risk of his being injured or killed on the road far outweighs the discomfort of those four small electric pulses. Antonia Thompson Leigh, Surrey Slices of time pie Disraeli’s dining table versus Edward Heath’s SIR – The main loss suffered by pupils who cannot read an analogue clock (report, April 25) is being unable to visualise time segmentally in order to apportion it to exam answers and “see” how much is left. Running a household depends on much the same skill. Eleanor Patrick Elsdon, Northumberland SIR – Long table or round (Letters, April 25)? The choice is between Benjamin Disraeli and Edward Heath. Hughenden, Disraeli’s house, has a round table for six. In Salisbury, Heath’s table has four seats a side and one at the head. I’d prefer a seat at Disraeli’s, not just for his conversation. Ralph Berry Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire SIR – Wynne Weston-Davies (Letters, April 21) is not exactly right. Surely the shape of the table is to do with the shape of the room – square room, round table. Conversation flowed wonderfully around my round table for eight in my square dining room. Gill Maden Bexhill, East Sussex SIR – The actress Sierra Boggess has withdrawn from the role of Maria in West Side Story on the grounds that the role should be played by a Puerto Rican actress (report, April 25). This makes me wonder where it will lead. Will a Dane be required for Hamlet in future? Pies Hubbard Sanderstead, Surrey Greasy spoon SIR – Readers have been discussing possible alternatives to plastic tea and coffee “stirrers” (Letters, April 25). In the Sixties, a strategically placed tea bar on the A1, appropriately named Joe’s Hygienic Café, had a single spoon on a piece of elastic hanging from the ceiling for all to use. William McFadzean Swansea SIR – Quite the best stirrer is a plant label. It also doubles as a bookmark. Penny Adie South Molton, Devon SIR – One of the delights of a cappuccino is consuming the froth. This is not possible with the slivers of wooden stirrers now offered by some establishments. We need spoons, please. David Leech Balcombe, West Sussex SIR – I always have a plastic spoon in my handbag. I also have nine grandchildren. Have you ever attended to a two-year-old with a dripping ice-cream cornet? Ann Flute Bampton, Oxfordshire Humans remain masters of the machines The TSB computer meltdown shows why we will never accept being slaves to technology HARRY DE QUETTEVILLE LE I remember very clearly my father’s initial scepticism about electric car windows. He was sure that the new gizmos would soon break, and that when they did, there would be no way of repairing them. You didn’t need to be an engineer to understand the good old wind-up mechanism, and if it did go wrong any garage could fix it. Customers of TSB must be feeling something similar today. As the digital banking technologies they have come to rely on crumbled this week, who could blame them for hankering after the good old days of cash money and chequebook and pen? Their powerlessness has only been amplified by the very evident chaos at the bank. It is dispiriting enough to feel, as we all have at one time, in the maw of an all-powerful, uncaring institution. But that’s almost reassuring compared with the realisation that such institutions, faced by technological meltdowns of complex, multilayered systems, are actually as impotent as we are. TSB is just the latest example. Think of the NHS, brought low by the WannaCry bug. Or of the British Airways shutdown last summer that left tens of thousands stranded. The airline scratched its head for a while, then declared that an engineer had switched the power to a major data centre off and on again. To millions of us, this represented a great irony, familiar as we are with mysteriously recalcitrant digital devices and beleaguered technical support teams offering the same advice, over and over: “Have you tried turning it off and on again?” Frankly, they might as well be ancient augurs advising ill-fated Homeric heroes to sacrifice 100 bulls to this Olympian deity or that, hoping against hope that it will solve matters. Because as with the Gods in classical times, many technologies today are so opaque and complex that our fortunes appear controlled by mechanisms utterly beyond our grasp. When things go wrong our only strategy, now as 2,500 years ago, is to bow down and pray. No wonder this doesn’t always feel like progress. And as technology gets more and more complex, won’t things only get worse? Won’t we end up being enslaved, not liberated, by technological foul-ups as inexplicable and unopposable as thunderbolts from the heavens? The answer, reassuringly, is no. It is interesting that the shutdowns I described above – at TSB, the NHS and BA – all affected legacy operators, burdened with huge legacy IT systems that are very hard to update. I recently spoke to Anne Boden, who runs the new, online-only Starling Bank. She used to be chief operating officer at Allied Irish Banks. But then she realised that it would actually be easier to leave and start a whole new bank than update AIB’s old system. That’s quite a message – that it is easier to win new customers than update old systems. But it ought to be a hugely reassuring one for the consumer. Because it shows that we customers – and our desires – are still the biggest prize for businesses. Indeed, this trend is only getting more pronounced as technologydriven start-ups fight for your attention and cash. Across the world, from China to Silicon Valley, new companies have a more relentless focus than ever on delivering what people want. For years now, that has been convenience. We live in the age of convenience. So online retailers like Amazon have made it ever easier for us to shop (and increasingly watch, and listen and myriad other things) from our sofas or phones. When convenience is married with value, it is an almost overwhelmingly tempting proposition. But increasingly we are beginning to associate value with things other than ticket price. Facebook is the obvious example. Many of us didn’t know, or weren’t inclined to ask, how Facebook made its money. So to all intents and purposes, it was a free service. Very tempting. But that has changed. A survey out recently revealed that three-quarters of Britons now know that it makes its money largely through collecting data about users, the better to target them with advertising. Less tempting? New legislation, coming into force in a month, will only accelerate customers’ ability to reclaim power over personal data online – part of a dance between governments, businesses and individuals that has accompanied every great leap forward. There is no reason for that to stop now. Technology – from jet engines to MRIs to electric windows – has long been beyond our ken. That doesn’t mean we can’t challenge it, demand improvement and then benefit. In fact, as tech gets ever more complex, an ever greater premium will be placed on those companies which cannot only deliver the benefits of, say, artificial intelligence, but also explain how they are doing so. Convenience is one thing. But without transparency, humans cannot have agency. And we’ve always put a supreme value on that. Nick Timothy is away FOLLOW Harry de Quetteville on Twitter @harrydq; READ MORE at telegraph.co.uk/opinion 20 *** Thursday 26 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph Puzzles, mind games and Telegraph Toughie Puzzles Test your wits with our famous crosswords puzzles.telegraph.co.uk UZ Z L E S P Enjoy all your favourite puzzles online If you haven’t joined yet, try our free trial now at puzzles.telegraph.co.uk 1. 3. FAMILY FEATURES The Daily Telegraph Thursday 26 April 2018 *** 21 G Gap Mum D Do I really want an In Instagram baby? P Page 22 attract. Trump must crave some of Macron’s youth and trim vigour. He most likely feels an ineffable pang (to which he will not be able to put a name) when confronted by someone with a sense of style and taste he could never emulate. And consider the other men Trump loves. His sons Donald Jr ( just 10 days younger than Macron) and Eric Trump look like botched wannabe versions of Macron and his daughter Ivanka’s husband Jared Kushner. Trump detests effeminacy in men – it should be noted Steve Bannon and Sean Spicer had to go when Rosie O’Donnell impersonated them on Saturday Night Live. Macron’s contained masculinity is appealing. Plus Macron is an outsider: unlike so many insiders, he will not “betray” this sensitive, snowflake president. As a compulsive creator of chaos, Trump will also envy the apparent order of Macron’s domestic record so far: imagine if the worst thing you had to worry about was a strike ‘Opposites attract: Trump must crave some of Macron’s youth and vigour’ FEATURE EDUCATION Upping the pressure How to cope with the new GCSEs Page 23 INTERVIEW Frank Skinner ‘I think I’m a better Johnny Cash than Joaquin Phoenix’ Page 24 LUDOVIC MARIN/AFP/GETTY IMAGES Family secret What three-time grandparents are hiding Page 23 Is it a real bromance – or Trumped up? The ‘close’ relationship between the US dandruff-flicker and the younger French Alpha male could end in tears, says Nick Curtis A bromance is more than a friendship: it carries a whiff of the illicit, the sudden and the unexpected – the bombshell “pash” of (usually) one straight man for another. The love-in between presidents Donald Trump and Emmanuel Macron in Washington this week has been a textbook case and quite extraordinary to witness. We have watched agog as the US President has alternately gushed over his handsome visitor like a lovesick schoolgirl, then tried to recover some macho poise, then come over all bashful and simpering again. Meanwhile, the two leaders’ wives smiled tightly in the background looking, as some internet wags noted, as glum as the women in divorce-era Abba. “They’re saying what a great relationship we have and they are actually correct,” drooled the Donald over Macron in Tuesday’s White House press conference. Then he flicked dandruff from Macron’s shoulder, an act of by rail workers, rather than mass shootings, a nascent race war and Stormy Daniels. Trump may also covet the appeal of a man who, like him, was elected by a groundswell movement that came seemingly from nowhere, but who is popular rather than merely populist. Finally, it’s worth noting that Trump is a prime candidate for a bromance, as he seems to view women as commodities or sex toys, rather than human beings he could truly relate to. Which may make it awkward when it comes to Prime Minister May’s relationship with the hyper-masculine Trump. Can you imagine him tucking an out of place hair behind her ear? Exactly. Of course, there have been other great bromances on the world stage. The one between Prince Harry and Barack Obama is ongoing; the one assertion and humiliation seemingly between Tony Blair and George W on a par with the aggressive Trumpian Bush was the opposite of Trump and handshake inflicted (and resisted) Macron, with the younger, eager on their first meeting, European the suppliant but actually a display partner to the of fear from an swaggering older ageing Alpha male American. We can to the new kid on see how bromances Bonding: Donald Trump the block. have flourished gives his French counterpart Then came the throughout history Emmanuel Macron a manly overcompensation. and in literature, handshake “We have to make him too. Shakespeare’s perfect,” Trump blurted. plays are full of men “He IS perfect!” who strike up sudden, Jeez: get a room. passionate relationships, as But why Macron, when the are the Greek myths. Again, American President could have his here, it is perhaps useful to draw a pick of strongmen and nationalists distinction between bromance, and among the world’s leaders to single sexual love. Achilles was “in love” out for a special relationship? The two with Patroclus during the Trojan disagree on policy in Iran and Syria, War, just as Antonio is in love with over climate change and trade. Sebastian in Twelfth Night. Hamlet What’s more, Macron comes from and Horatio are friends, as are Ant a country anathema to Trump’s and Dec and Socrates and Plato. electoral base, a nation of effete, But Falstaff and Prince Hal have a snobbish, cheese-eating “surrender bromance, as do Sherlock Holmes monkeys”, whose refusal to back the and Dr Watson. invasion of Iraq in 2003 resulted in However, unless it develops into French Fries being renamed Freedom a proper friendship (see Barack Fries in congressional cafeterias. In Obama, again, and Joe Biden) a person, Macron is dapper, suave, reads bromance will rarely last. It burns philosophy and listens to classical too hot and brightly to endure and music. He married an older woman can end in tears. because he loved her. He’s the antiNow turn the page to find out Trump. how to read their body language But in a bromance, opposites 22 *** Thursday 26 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph FEATURES True love, or all just presidential monkey business? T H R E E T E E N S A N D A B A BY D I A RY O F A G A P M U M LIZ FRASER 1 2 3 4 This week: I’ve joined the mums of Instagram – but have never felt lonelier A lmost two years ago, Nigel Farage compared Donald Trump to “a big gorilla”. He meant it as a compliment, but it also raised an important question: is the US President any more evolved than a large, ground-dwelling ape? In the past two days since Emmanuel Macron and his wife, Brigitte, arrived in Washington DC for their US state visit, Trump has groomed, patted, air-kissed, patted again, held hands with, hugged, kissed a little more, co-planted a tree with, pulled, and firmly gripped his French counterpart in a series of body language power-plays that’s put all their many previous bromantic tussles to shame. But what would a real expert in primate behaviour make of it all? Would Sir David Attenborough or Dame Jane Goodall make just as effective an interpreter of Trump as a human psychologist or, say, Jon Sopel? Let’s break it down. ‘Is Trump any more evolved than a large ape?’ 2 Teeth-baring It isn’t often we see Donald Trump smile. In fact, in James Comey’s book, the former FBI director states there is only one example of Trump laughing (it’s at Clinton’s expense). This week, however, there has been plenty of baring of teeth. But what does that mean? Last year, researchers at the University of Lincoln discovered that in monkeys, at least, a baring of teeth is often mistaken for a smile by foolhardy tourists. In reality, it is an gg act of aggression, and often comes before a b bite. Watch this space… 1 Grooming In what was arguably the most rimate blatant display of large primate behaviour, Trump made the bizarre move of plucking a speck of “dandruff ” from Macron’ss lapel. The French President looked confused; h himself; Trump, very pleased with g on? but what was really going This behaviour, which researchers call “allogrooming”, is both hygienic and essential in sorting the social hierarchy. It dictates access to food, sex and social support. Goodall had a more appropriate theory. “When the ageing gorilla is confronted with the much more virile new Alpha male, he shows submissiveness by grooming the Alpha male, but the gesture is actually a vain attempt by the old gorilla to humiliate his much younger rival ape.” Pulling 3 Pull 5 One llarge primate forcing another to follow them. An act of aggression, devotion devotion, or insecurity? According to C Chimpanzees: A Gestural L Lexicon, which academics at tthe University of St Andrews put together in 2014, a great ape pulling another can mean several things. One is “move closer”, another is “climb on me” and a third is “travel with me”. We can only assume it was the second in this instance. AP/GETTY IMAGES Hand-holding, grooming – Trump and Macron are displaying very familiar behaviour, says Guy Kelly 4 Excessive hand-holding If this week’s visit was dominated by anything, it was the excessive hand-hold. Macron and Trump have previously fought over who could shake hands the longest, but this time Trump could barely let go. It may just be desperate affection. In 2016, a video of a chimp called Terry constantly holding hands with his new love, Jeannie, warmed hearts. Terry had spent 18 years alone and was just delighted to see a friend. “Terry and Jeannie hold hands all through breakfast. These two chimps are reminding us of the beauty that can be found in simply holding hands,” Save the Chimps said. Maybe Trump is just glad to have someone who’s pleased to see him? 5 Alpha-male back-pats It has been noted before that Trump enjoys a strong Alpha-male back-pat. It’s a patronising tap, somewhere between a hug and a play-fight, and he probably read about it in a business manual he pretended to write in the Eighties. Macron gives as good as he gets, though, regularly landing a blow on Trump’s upper quarters. Gorillas love a good game of tag. A few years ago, researchers at the University of Portsmouth noticed that gorillas lower on the social ladder were usually the taggers. The low-status gorillas used the taps as an ego boost. Now it all makes sense… ‘If there’s a massive global motherhood shebang going on, then I want an invitation’ P arenting has barely changed since the first cave-mother popped out a cave-baby, crouched over her Ikea-thal mammoth-skin rug. It’s basically an exhaustion battle: they keep us up all night, we try to tire them out all day. (They always win.) But each generation does things differently. My previous three pregnancies were in the pre-smartphone era, and I have one photo of any of those bumps. ONE. And I shared it with zero people. Everything I knew about pregnancy, I got from talking with other mums over a cup of instant coffee and a custard cream, or flicking through a hopelessly out-dated book. In between, there was a lot of alone-time; but I never felt lonely. I was happy just… being. We knew no other way. This time, things could hardly be more different. Thanks to the World Wide Mothernet, I can interact with millions of other parents all day and night from the palm of my hand. And I am curious. Curious to learn about this New Parenting Party. Consequently, I am spending a lot of time scrolling – through thousands of photos of bumps, breasts and babies. I watch videos posted by parents from Portugal to Peru, France to the Faroe Islands. I’ve almost come to know them; I celebrate pregnancy milestones, recognise their children, and await news of births of babies that I’ll never know, but whose lives I feel bizarrely connected to. And as my scroll-a-thon continues, I want in. If there’s a massive global motherhood shebang going on, then I want an invitation. So, like every other Thoroughly Modern Pregnant Woman, I set up an Instagram and start documenting my progress in tiny squares. What I’m wearing. What I’m eating. Bump photos. Exercise updates. I learn to hashtag keywords to connect me to even more people. I learn #TransformationTuesday and #tbt (Throwback Thursday – do keep up). As my followers rise and I feel more connected to my new, 4x2-inch friends, I even use #preggo, despite an almost physically violent dislike of the term. But it’s worth it – look at the responses! I am so connected! Yet, despite all this online connection, I feel a growing sense of offline disconnection. Though I am barely alone for a moment, with all my cyber-friends, I feel more lonely than I can remember. Loneliness, after all, is worst when one is surrounded by others. I know there’s a positive aspect to it all, of course. For millions of us, sharing our lives online – the global coffee morning and the “Thank God it’s not just me!” reassurance of the Mother-network – is a source of support, fun, happiness and help. That’s fantastic, everyone should use it as they want to; I’ve enjoyed it, and been helped by it, many times. But something in the constant distraction, the never-ending snapping, beeping, and pressure to respond and engage, people’s growing absence and relentless connection, makes me uneasy. I’m not about to walk away from it all, and I still enjoy it. But as I watch families sitting in silence talking to strangers online, babies seeing the back of a phone instead of Mum’s face, toddlers playing up to the camera the minute a phone is out, I start to think that maybe there is something wrong with this – and I was lucky to have had my first three children before it existed. I want to try and find a way to recreate some of that pre-smartphone world for our new baby. Once I’ve shared an edited photo with news of her birth online, of course. Next time: Weighing less than 1lb, my baby is trying to come out The Daily Telegraph Thursday 26 April 2018 S *** 23 FAMILY The truth about three-time grandparents Blessed: the Prince of Wales, left, and Michael and Carole Middleton, right. The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge with their newborn son, bottom. Below right, Sue Weedon and Janet Coles with their grandchildren As Prince Charles confesses he’s not sure how he will cope with three grandchildren, Jane Corry offers some reassurance W EDDIE MULHOLLAND; GETTY IMAGES hen Janet Coles’s third grandchild was born, she was on holiday in France. “I remember whipping back to see him, thinking: ‘Golly, how is this all going to work out? I’ve already got two wonderful granddaughters. Will I feel the same for this one?’ ” In fact, as soon as Janet clapped eyes on baby Sebastian, she felt “exactly the same sense of elation” as she had with his siblings. No doubt this will be something Carole Middleton will also feel. And while the Prince of Wales is obviously delighted at the birth of his latest grandchild, he did joke on Tuesday: “I don’t know how I am going to keep up with them.” They might also be heartened to know there is an army of grandparents out there who are wondering whether that reservoir of grandparental love and energy is big enough for a growing brood. After all, two grandchildren per child is often the norm. But a third can be a surprise and possibly (dare we say it?) a bit of a burden. Obviously, the practical side is covered when you are from a royal dynasty and there’s plenty of paid childcare help on tap, but those visceral feelings about how to fit lots of grandchildren into what are meant to be the golden years of your life can affect us all. There are other worries, too. What if you’ve already got two of one sex and are desperate for a granddaughter or grandson? Will your own relationship with their parents affect the way you do, or don’t, bond with the new baby? Can any child be as special as the first grandchild? “Initially, I thought I bonded so well with Sebi because he was my first grandson,” adds Janet, who is 75 and lives in Worcester. “But now I have 10 grandchildren, ranging in age from 11 to 19. I can honestly say that I love them all the same ys – a bit but in different ways h your own like you might with children.” Cari Rosen, editorr of Gransnet (gransnet.. y com), agrees. “Many people assume there’s something special about the first grandchild. But when others come along, you appreciate each one for their different qualities and relate to them in different ways. Perhaps there is one who makes you laugh, one who is o thoughtful, one who ho’s likes to talk, one who’s full of mischief, or one who reminds you off en your own child when they were young. Each will have a pl unique and special place in your heart.” Yet there’s no doub doubt that some grandparent simply “click” grandparents wit certain better with grandch grandchildren. gra “A grandmother might be more lenient with a boy or girl because sh found it easier she t bring up a to s or daughter son herself,” says Tina Elven, founder of Support 4 Kids. “Your re relationship with the baby’s parents als comes into play. also Ag grandmother who ge gets on very well wi with her daughter mi might bond better wi with her children tha than with those of an adu adult child whom she still finds difficult. Or a gra grandparent might Prepare for stress and shouting – GCSE hell is nearly upon us D oor slamming. Arguments. Tears and tantrums. Despair and dejection. And that’s just the parents. Yes, it’s almost GCSE time, folks, when homes across the land, especially mine, are mired in misery. It’s a well-worn tradition, like Lent, but with shouting and Dairy Milk. But parents like me are feeling worse than ever, having lived through the mocks and heard the terrible accounts of being paralysed in exam halls like deer in headlights. But this is far from being the sameold, same-old story of exam hell. This year is very different. Why? Because these GCSEs will be the hardest exams Britain’s children have faced in a generation and our young people are, I fear, being set up to fail. “We started getting a lot of distraught parents on the phone,” says Caroline Stanton of crammer experts Justin Craig, which provides day and residential courses for around 5,000 GCSE and A-level students every year. “They were calling us because their children were so confused by mock exams, which are a lot more challenging.” Last year, new, harder English and maths exams were introduced, along with a number grading system instead of letters. Tests were promptly dubbed “Big Fat GCSEs” because they dramatically raised the academic bar. Those pupils were the proverbial canaries in Gove’s curricular coal mine and just about survived. But this year’s cohort will be the first facing a full complement of ultrarigorous exams. Stanton says: “A lot of subjects previously had substantial coursework; that’s all gone now in most cases. It’s just exams, and the fact grades are now numbered has increased the confusion.” Results are presented numerically, from nine down to one. Thus, a three is a D or low C and a four is a C. A five equates to a low B and a six to a high B. Grade seven is an A and anything above equates to an A*. This is in order to differentiate between candidates at the higher end of the scale – even absolutely outstanding GETTY IMAGES With children facing the toughest exams in a generation, Judith Woods feels under siege Knuckle down: students and parents alike feel the pressure this time of year candidates are unlikely to achieve a straight run of nines. But new exams are harder because the curriculum is crammed with more content aimed to stretch our children after a long period of grade inflation. “The Blair government decided to hold schools and local authorities to account for pupils’ performance,” says Prof Alan Smithers, head of the Centre for Education and Employment Research at the University of Buckingham. “The pressure was passed on to exam boards, so papers got easier.” As a parent, I have no problem with injecting more rigour into education. REVISION HACKS FOR PARENTS Don’t nag If you can’t stop yourself, try and do it with good humour. Keep things light. Fill the fridge It’s not just an army that marches on its stomach. Home-baking is ideal; you might even get a hug. Stay at home Cancelling your own social life is a powerful sign of solidarity. Be encouraging Assure your children you have faith in them and the only thing that matters is doing their best. Cultivate calmness No matter how monstrous your child is behaving, take it on the chin and pour yourself another glass of wine. Staying calm is key. High standards are an admirable goal. But having glanced at the punitively difficult mock physics and chemistry exams, they bear a far greater similarity to my science A-levels than my O-levels. And because the exams are now harder, the exam board regulator Ofqual has decreed that grades will be based on comparative outcomes. This means that broadly the same proportion of children will receive a C or a B or an A as before – even if it means lowering the grade boundaries needed to achieve each level. Last year, the new maths GCSE was so tough candidates achieved a four, which is an old grade C, with just 18 per cent of the overall mark. In what parallel world does that make any sense? By comparison, a grade nine required pupils to achieve 79 per cent and above. That’s fine if you’ve hit the mathematically gifted jackpot, but it feels egregiously unfair to expect averagely intelligent children to toil away at an exam that is geared towards the top few per cent. What’s truly frightening, from the perspective of a parent like me, is that GCSE results have never been more important. Universities casting their eye over candidates used to look at the results from AS exams taken in the first year of A-level. These have been axed, however, so in future universities will only have GCSEs to go by when making offers to sixth formers. It will take at least a couple of years for this new system to settle down and, as a parent, I feel for now all I can do is cross my fingers and hope for the best. see it as their chance to ‘start again’.” Grandchild number three also heralds a more relaxed era, according to 53-year-old Sue Weedon from Okehampton, Devon, who has four granddaughters ranging from six months to 10 years. “When the first two were born, my daughter-in-law, Lucy, was, like many new mums, quite protective, but when Sophia (now five) came along, she was far more relaxed, which made me do the same as a grandmother. Lucy was happy for me to look after her while she took the older children to their clubs and activities. We still love doing puzzles together and craft activities.” The presence of a step-grandparent can also bring its own issues. One grandmother told me she had “no interest whatsoever” in any of her husband’s grandchildren, because they were part of his life before her. Luckily, this isn’t always the case. “My granddaughters have three step-grandads,” says Sue. “But it’s my ex-husband, who helped me bring up my two older sons, who is particularly hands on. They love him as if he was their blood grandfather.” One gets the feeling that the Duchess of Cornwall will be a natural step-grandmother to the third, just as she probably is to George and Charlotte, but it is desperately sad the Princess of Wales was denied the joys of grannyhood. My own mother died young and one of my abiding regrets is that she wasn’t around for the arrival of her third grandchild. Although this may not apply to the Windsors, number three also brings extra financial pressures. “Grandparents sometimes worry that this will be too much of a strain for their own children,” according to Tina Elven. “So they might not accept the news of a third as excitedly as they did a first.” Your own lifestyle and health can also makes a difference. Jan, 63 from Birmingham, has three granddaughters (through her daughter) and is very “hands-on”. “I do feel tired at times but I think that’s the responsibility, especially when you help to look after them all. My ‘granny duties’ definitely impinge on our own retirement time and I’ve had to cut down on some of my own interests. Having said that, of course I feel lucky to have them.” A grandparent/grandchild relationship can also need working on like any other. “I have to admit that our third granddaughter Emily was very clingy to her parents and didn’t want much to do with us at the beginning,” adds Jan. “But now that she is five, we are as close to her now as we are to our first granddaughter.” Which takes us on to another thorny question – favouritism. Jo Fitzgerald is a former early years teacher, grandmother of one and the founder of Tiny Sponges, which helps families with their children’s emotional well-being. She always felt that others were her grandmother’s favourite which, she says, hurt. However, she also accepts that grandparents can be naturally drawn to one particular child in the family. “If that’s the case,” says Jo, “try not to show it and treat them equally, both emotionally and materially. And also try to be fair with your time.” The good news for anyone about to be a grandparent third time round is that you’re an old hand. But watch out for flattery. One mother I know gave her third child an extremely unusual first name: “We only did it to curry favour with my husband’s grandmother, who was rolling in it,” she confided to me in the school car park. “It worked and she left us the lot.” Jane Corry is a grandmother of two and the author of My Husband’s Wife and Blood Sisters (Penguin Viking). You can find her granny blog at diaryofafirsttimegran.wordpress.com 24 *** Thursday 26 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph Arts down a much-coveted place at his local grammar school in the West Midlands (he grew up in a council house and thought it would be full of snobs), he was expelled from Oldbury Technical Secondary School at 16 for selling forged dinner tickets. But after getting a job in an aircraft parts factory, he put himself through college, achieved his A-levels and went on to get a degree in English followed by a Masters at the University of Warwick. He did his first gig in 1987, aged 20. Four years later, he beat Jack Dee and Eddie Izzard to take the prestigious Perrier Comedy Award at the Edinburgh Festival Fringe. Then came Fantasy Football League and a joint chat show, as well as the hit song Three Lions (Football’s Coming Home). Today, as well as his Room 101 berth, he hosts The Frank Skinner Show on Absolute Radio every Saturday. Does that make him famous-famous or merely famous? Let’s just say on his last stand-up tour he asked the audience to rate his fame on a scale from Madonna to the woman who dumped a cat in a wheelie bin. The result wasn’t always a given, although he was estimated to be nearer the singer than cat-bin-lady. But by his own admission, kicking the fags and especially the booze back That smile: Frank Skinner has a happy relationship with happiness. Left, he, Ed Balls and Harry Hill perform a Formby song for the Queen. Below right, as Johnny Cash in Urban Myths Last weekend he played the ukulele for HRH. Now he’s about to play Johnny Cash. Frank Skinner talks to Judith Woods I t’s hard, when talking to Frank Skinner, to get past that smile. You know the one; where he wrinkles his nose and shows all of his teeth at once. It’s a bit implausible for a 61-year-old, isn’t it? “I had no idea I smiled like that,” says Skinner, smiling exactly like that. “My partner, Cath, says I suffer from an unnatural excess of serotonin because I’m always happy,” he continues in deadpan West Bromwich tones. “She once came into the kitchen and found me watching my sausages cook through the glass door of the oven while jumping up and down with excitement. I am the best audience member in the world: I laugh at everything. Especially myself, because I am the funniest man on the planet. The only person who’s allowed to be funnier than me is [my fiveyear-old son] Buzz; I really hope he becomes a comedian.” Skinner has made a massive success out of being funny: bar a few years in the late Noughties, when he left our screens to do some stand-up, he has barely been off TV, from his laddish period in the Nineties with David Baddiel on Fantasy Football League to the game show Room 101, which he continues to present on BBC One. But viewers are about to see a very different side to him when he appears in a self-penned homage to Johnny Cash, in the Sky Arts Urban Myths series entitled Johnny Cash and the Ostrich. The drama is loosely based on a surreal but true episode in the singer’s life, when he was badly injured by one of a pair of ostriches he kept at his home in Tennessee. It’s Skinner’s first foray into proper acting and he does a fine job of portraying the singer at a low ebb, battling with painkiller addiction and alcoholism, perhaps partly because Skinner’s own relationship with alcohol (he is now teetotal) started with Johnny Cash. His first visit to the pub was to see a gig by a Cash impersonator; later, Cash became his drinking soundtrack of choice. “Cash was such a character and I’d been singing his songs in his voice ever since I was a kid, so it was a no-brainer [for me to play him],” says Skinner. “Sky suggested that I not only write it and star in it but I could direct it if I wanted. But I thought, ‘No, that’s too much of a power-grab’.” Presumably he’s seen Joaquin Phoenix’s much-lauded 2005 film version Walk the Line? He has. “I think ‘Johnny Cash was such a character, and I’d been singing his songs in his voice ever since I was a kid’ HEATHCLIFF O’MALLEY; JOHN STILLWELL/PA; MARK JOHNSON ‘The Queen gave me a royal decree!’ I’m better. I like my Johnny Cash more than his.” I can’t help wondering whether he will pass his towering self-belief on to his son, born when Skinner was 56. “When Buzz was born, my major worry was leaving him in the lurch by keeling over,” says Skinner. “As long as I can get him through university age, I’ll feel I’ve done my job. I think 18 is the point where you’ve drained your parents dry; you’ve sucked most of the juice out of them so you really don’t need their husks.” Judging from Skinner’s energy, he has no intention of dying any time soon either off on or stage. Performing, with all its risk and jeopardy, remains his life’s blood. When we meet he is fresh from his performance at the Queen’s 92nd birthday party concert at the Royal Albert Hall, when he, Ed Balls and Harry Hill joined the massed ukuleles of the George Formby Society. “I play a little but I’m certainly not in the same league as the George Formby Society,” Skinner says. “But when you’re all playing together it sounds brilliant.” In fairness, the Queen is a Formby fan, so it was probably the highlight of her evening. “The wonderful thing was, after Entertainments Theatres HER MAJESTY'S 020 7087 7762 THE BRILLIANT ORIGINAL THE PHANTOM OF THE OPERA Mon-Sat 7.30, Thu & Sat 2.30 www.ThePhantomOfTheOpera.com Oscar Wilde’s AN IDEAL HUSBAND Vaudeville Theatre Tue-Sat 19.30 | Tue, Thu & Sat 14.30 Extra Matinees Added 0330 333 4814 QUEEN'S 0844 482 5160 THE MUSICAL PHENOMENON LES MISERABLÉS Eves 7.30, Mats Wed & Sat 2.30 www.LesMis.com ST MARTIN'S 020 7836 1443 66th year of Agatha Christie's THE MOUSETRAP Mon-Sat 7:30pm, Mats Tues & Thurs 3 & Sat 4 www.the-mousetrap.co.uk “Captivating” TIME OUT **** FINANCIAL TIMES Linda Marlowe Patrick Walshe McBride HAROLD AND MAUDE By Colin Higgins Directed by Thom Southerland CharingCrossTheatre.co.uk 08444-930650 the genuine global superstars who appeared on stage, we brought things a little more lo-fi; it was very British, very traditional and very eccentric.” “Afterwards, I met the Queen and Prince Charles under what can only be described as surreal circumstances. We were waiting in the wings to go on for the finale and the Queen and Charles just appeared beside us.” At that point, Ed Balls started to head for the stage and called out for Skinner to get a move on. “The Queen called, ‘Frank! Frank! Hurry up’,” says Skinner. “That was literally a royal decree – I can tell you I’ve never moved that fast in my life.” Skinner’s unquashable ebullience may have something to do with the fact his career has been on an unshakeable upwards course ever since he left university. Having turned in 1986 was the deciding factor in his life. “I liked being sober and I liked being hammered, I just had a real problem with the states in between so I just stopped. I’d love to be able to drink in moderation, but I can’t. So I don’t.” Sobriety coincided with the start of Skinner’s comedy career, initially as part of the late Eighties alternative comedy scene that radically changed comedy, which up until then had been routinely sexist, racist and homophobic. Does he think stand-up has changed radically again since then? “Back then, we were self-policing,” says Skinner. “These days it’s become a bit like vigilantes trying to catch out each other for saying the wrong thing. We’re living in the age of new Puritanism. To paraphrase Descartes: I’m offended, therefore I am.” Happily he is still able to find plenty of comic mileage in the new political climate. “At a show the other day, I decided to talk to an audience member in the front row who was in a wheelchair,” he recounts. “I asked her, ‘So what sort of speed can you get?’ and some other woman shouted out, ‘You’re identifying her by her disability!’ “I said, ‘I’ll be honest, that’s the reason why most comedians don’t talk to people in wheelchairs; in case someone like you yells at them’. Then I turned to the woman in the wheelchair and said, ‘I won’t be speaking to you again, you’re trouble’,” he chuckles. “When I addressed the audience saying, ‘I don’t know who to talk to next’, this other lovely middleaged woman pipes up, ‘I’m a lesbian, if that helps?’ Brought the house down.” Urban Myths: Johnny Cash and the Ostrich is tonight on Sky Arts at 9pm ** The Daily Telegraph Thursday 26 April 2018 25 Arts Is Spotify killing songwriting? Gender wars take centre stage Theatre The Writer Almeida ★★★★★ By Dominic Cavendish I I n an LA studio, a well-known songwriter is desecrating Michael Jackson’s Billie Jean. With a few clicks, out goes the 1982 hit’s famous opening. Instead, the song starts with its chorus. Another few clicks, and its bridge – where the track climaxes in a hail of adrenalinpumping guitar licks and iconic Jacko “woos!” – is gone. High-pitched, glitchy noises known as “vocal chops” – manipulated vocals that have been chopped up – are dotted throughout: you might not know the term, but they are an absolute mainstay of mainstream commercial pop now because of the way their deliberately jagged sound grabs the ear of listeners. What remains is pretty horrible: the song’s story of a shady seductress jumbled beyond comprehension, the way it bubbles and boils towards its anthemic chorus ruined. To today’s pop moneymakers, though, it’s nirvana. “If Billie Jean was written today, that’s probably what it would have to sound like,” explains the songwriter, who massacred the track to prove a point. “Otherwise a label might never release it.” For that, we have Spotify to thank. In the 12 years since the music streaming service was founded by Swedish entrepreneur Daniel Ek, it’s reshaped the way we listen to music. Last year, streaming overtook downloads, vinyl and CD sales as the industry’s main money-spinner for the first time. At the end of 2017, Spotify boasted 71 million paying subscribers across 65 countries and this week made its debut on the New York Stock Exchange, valued at £18.5 billion. It’s the digital age’s answer to a record shop, radio station and music magazine all in one: today Spotify playlists – collections of songs curated by staff and algorithms based on what else you listen to – are the number one way to discover new music. There’s no doubt that Spotify has transformed a music industry seemingly in terminal decline thanks to falling revenues. Yet if it has changed the way we access pop music, there’s g g growing concern that it’s also changing the music itself.. Writers for some of the planet’s biggestt artists claim the tech r-break power over giant’s make-or-break ach listeners has led to what singles reach writers having to tailor their music for thms, transforming how Spotify’s algorithms, n. music is written. “If someone skips a track in onds, Spotify the first 15 seconds, interprets that as a sign the d punishes song sucks, and the song. The more ikely it skips, the less likely is to turn up in playlists,” says the ho’s songwriter, who’s written charttoppers for Grammy award-winning artists but who wishes to remain anonymous for fear that speaking out may damage his future releases’ chances of success on Spotify (several others declined to talk at all). The only way around it, he says, is to start each song with its catchiest bit, or “hook.” It’s the reason why Ariana Grande’s latest single No Tears Left to Cry leaps straight into its infectious chorus and why Ed Sheeran’s Shape of You begins with the marimba melody that carries the rest of the song. “When everyone is having to tick the same boxes, everything ends up sounding the same,” says the songwriter. “It’s extremely damaging to what pop is supposed to be: eclectic, spontaneous and fun.” One pop song at the heart of this debate is British breakout artist Dua Lipa’s hit single New Rules. That song, which recently surpassed 750 million streams, helped make the 22-year-old the most-streamed female artist among UK listeners on Spotify in 2017, beating Taylor Swift and Beyoncé. The track couldn’t be more perfectly named: from its straight-to-business intro to its bass-heavy mix, optimised to sound good on tinny laptop and phone speakers, it seems torn from a new pop songwriting rule book, tweaked for streaming success. “I’ve been in writing sessions where someone will say: ‘We need to make this more Spotify-friendly’,” says one of the song’s writers, Emily Warren, who has also co-written hits for Fifth Harmony and Little Mix. “It’s not a good way to be creative, but it’s not smart to ignore it either.” Of course, factory line approaches to pop music are nothing new. Record labels like Motown, Brill Building and Stock Aitken and Waterman are famous for near-surgically shaping releases to the target audiences. Pop artists have operated within the confines of what major radio stations deem desirable since the Fifties. But at least there was always a huge variety of radio stations available, meaning a lack of success on one didn’t necessarily spell doom. p y competitor-crushing p g Spotify’s dominance means songwriters are forced to lea play by their rules, leading to a more homogenis homogenised pop landscape. Imagi Imagine if all books were forced to open with an explosive set-piece, if all films rev begin with a big reveal. songwriter Most songwriters cho don’t have any choice, tic however, but to tick artis “boxes”. If an artist PA As the streaming service aims for world domination, it’s having a ruinous effect on what we listen to, discovers Al Horner now! I want the song to be done so I can listen to the next one!’” (According to data, 35 per cent of songs are skipped within the first 30 seconds.) Yet songwriter Dan Wilson, who has written for Adele and Taylor Swift, is philosophical. “The [pop writing] format has always fit around the platform,” he says, having been writing chart-topping tracks for more than 20 years. “David Byrne’s How Music Works points out that the length of time a song lasts was mainly decided by the amount of seconds you could squeeze onto a 45 [RPM record]. Not much has changed – we still listen to three and half minute songs today.” He also thinks that pop’s restless love Radio rebel: tracks such as New Rules by Dua Lipa, above, and Ed Sheeran’s Shape of You, below, are ideal for today’s Spotify age. Spotify founder Daniel Ek, above releases a song that doesn’t get on New Music Friday, the flagship playlist with 2.5 million subscribers, “it may as well not exist,” says Warren. This is because, in 2018, festival programmers, radio executives, gig promoters and everyone in between use Spotify streaming numbers as a metric to gauge artists’ popularity and thus to decide which artists to program or songs to play. There are other platforms such as Deezer and Apple Music who likely have similar algorithms, which have also contributed to the rise of an era of pop built around dreams of streaming success. But Spotify was the first, is the biggest and holds the most power. “We’re completely at the mercy of them as artists,” says Warren. “It’s also a reflection of the world we live in. People are obsessed with their phones and technology and expect everything instantaneously. So it makes sense they would be like: ‘I want the chorus Even infinity has some limitations Avengers: Infinity Wars A Film 12A cert, 149 min ★★★★★ Dirs Joe and Anthony Russo Starring Robert Downey Jr, Chris Evans, Josh Brolin, Chris Hemsworth, Scarlett Johansson, Mark Ruffalo, Karen Gillan, Chris Pratt, Elizabeth Olsen, Tom Holland, Zoë Saldana, Dave Bautista, Chadwick Boseman, Letitia Wright, Danai Gurira By Tim Robey fter the origin stories, the sequels sliding all over the quality spectrum, the Marvel Cinematic Universe ascends to a state of supernova in Avengers: Infinity War. This is the one with every thus-farestablished Marvel champion thrown in, plus some freshly fledged reinforcements, such as Chadwick Boseman’s Black Panther, Benedict Cumberbatch’s Doctor Strange, and Tom Holland’s new Spider-Man. The villain is Josh Brolin’s Thanos, and he needs to be a big deal or the film can’t work. He has comprehensive plans for pulverising the known universe, involving six different jewels known as Infinity Stones. Close observers of Marvel lore will know where each one of these coloured rocks is – one’s in the forehead of Superherofest: Doctor Strange (Benedict Cumberbatch), Tony Stark (Robert Downey Jr), Bruce Banner (Mark Ruffalo) and Wong (Benedict Wong) go to war Vision (Paul Bettany), another around the neck of Doctor Strange, and so on. Yet the effects job on Brolin (Thanos is a huge hulk of a being) thwarts his usual authority as an actor. He’s like some outsize ogre-thug beamed in from World of Warcraft. A subplot involving his adopted daughter Gamora (Zoë Saldana) labours to give him depth, but you feel the effort. Thank heavens, then, for his skullfaced wizardy sidekick, one Ebony Maw (Tom Vaughan-Lawlor), who drawls his dialogue with a campy British accent and glides around, manipulating rubble with his fingers. The movie could do with more of him. The Russo brothers, who direct, are on firmer ground pitting their good guys against each other – for comedy or friction – than pushing any of them up against Thanos. Chris Pratt’s alpha status as Star Lord Peter Quill takes an amusing hit as soon as Thor, with his more impressive macho credentials, boards his ship and there’s good stuff with Danai Gurira’s proud Wakandan warrior Okoye shooting withering glances at her alleged new allies. The exorbitant action scenes hit all the necessary crowd-pleasing buttons, but for a movie with infinite potential – Doctor Strange, who gets a good look-in, counts 14 million possible outcomes to the final battle – it often feels like plot by numbers. Death rears its head and it leaves absolutely no doubt that Avengers 4 is going to contain some serious avenging. for innovation and reinvention will prove its saviour. “If songwriters feel held back by the rule book, they should rip out that page,” he says. “A lot of great art comes from artists rebelling against constraints.” Listeners, he says, will thank them (and he may be right: the boom in popularity for grime occurred despite, or perhaps because of, artists like Stormzy and Skepta’s defiance of new pop writing norms). “Music fans’ imaginations are always enticed by what isn’t being fed to them every day. Soon, someone will do something opposite, and that will spark new trends.” Rules are meant for breaking, in other words. Even Dua Lipa’s. n a recent interview, Romola Garai – one of the four actors in Ella Hickson’s new play – said that The Writer is audibly dividing audiences every night. I well believe her. The opening scene establishes the evening’s archly theatrical conceptual framework. A young woman (Lara Rossi) has returned to the auditorium to retrieve a bag; she encounters an older man (Samuel West) who’s intrigued by the immediate sense that she didn’t like the play. He’s unrattled as she unleashes entertaining arias of disgust at the female-objectifying, politically irrelevant work she has seen. Explaining he’s on “the board”, he invites her to write a play. In fact he’s actually the director and years ago propositioned her when she was starting out. “Stop playing the victim,” West’s character retorts as she challenges him. A similar defensive contempt oozes from the male director (Michael Gould) we see in the next scene when it’s revealed that what we’ve just witnessed is a work-inprogress penned by Garai’s angrynervy Writer. The evening operates like an elaborate conjuring act, playing with artifice as we enter the Writer’s domestic life, dominated by a sexually proprietorial boyfriend (West again) who can’t understand why she would turn down a lucrative film adaptation offer and spurn marriage and kids. In exchanges both funny and true, he challenges her refusal to settle for ordinary life and her demand for “more” – communicated with palpable, plausible yearning by Garai. Hickson takes on theatrical imperatives and career expectations in one fell swoop: underlining the Writer’s fear of motherhood, fake lives and commercial compromise. The final simulated acts of lesbian congress (Garai, Rossi), obscured behind a sofa, lead to some awkward questions about the need for power in human relationships. Then it’s all over, leaving us (well, some of us) gasping. Until May 26. Tickets: 020 7359 4404; almeida.co.uk 26 *** Thursday 26 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph Court & Social Court Circular WINDSOR CASTLE April 25th The Queen, Colonel-in-Chief, this morning presented a new Standard to the Royal Tank Regiment at Windsor Castle and was received by the Colonel Commandant (Major General John Patterson) and the Regimental Colonel (Lieutenant Colonel Stephen May). Her Majesty was received in St George’s Hall with a Royal Salute. After the presentation, The Queen was graciously pleased to address the Regiment and the Colonel Commandant replied. Her Majesty afterwards met former Colonels Commandant and subsequently met members of the Regimental Family in the Waterloo Chamber. By command of The Queen, Mr Alistair Harrison (Marshal of the Diplomatic Corps) called upon His Excellency Mr Lazarus Ombai Amayo at 45 Portland Place, London W1, this morning in order to bid farewell to His Excellency upon relinquishing his appointment as High Commissioner for the Republic of Kenya in London. The Lord St John of Bletso (Lord in Waiting) was present at Heathrow Airport, London, his evening upon the Arrival of The President of the Republic of Azerbaijan and welcomed His Excellency on behalf of Her Majesty. CLARENCE HOUSE April 25th The Prince of Wales, on behalf of The Queen, this morning attended the World War I Centenary at the Australian National Memorial, VillersBretonneux, France. Miss Bernadette Smith and Major Harry Pilcher were in attendance. KENSINGTON PALACE April 25th The Duke of Cambridge and Prince Henry of Wales this morning attended the ANZAC Day Service of Commemoration and Thanksgiving in Westminster Abbey, London SW1. KENSINGTON PALACE April 25th Prince Henry of Wales this morning attended the ANZAC Day Dawn Service at Hyde Park Corner, London W1, and was received by Mr Paul Knapman (Deputy Lieutenant of Greater London). His Royal Highness, on behalf of The Queen, later laid a wreath at the Cenotaph, London SW1, to commemorate the ANZAC Landings at Gallipoli. BUCKINGHAM PALACE April 25th The Duke of York, Founder, Pitch@Palace, this afternoon held Pitch@Palace 9.0 at St James’s Other notice Palace for entrepreneurs and supporters. BUCKINGHAM PALACE April 25th The Earl of Wessex, Patron, the Tennis and Rackets Association, today attended the ProfessionalAmateur Tournament at The Queen’s Club, Palliser Road, London W14. The Countess of Wessex this morning visited the Weeping Window display in Hereford Cathedral and was received by Her Majesty’s Lord-Lieutenant of Herefordshire (the Dowager Countess of Darnley). Her Royal Highness this afternoon visited Hereford Cider Museum, Pomona Place, Hereford. BUCKINGHAM PALACE April 25th The Princess Royal, President, the Mission to Seafarers Limited, this afternoon attended a Luncheon at the Baltic Exchange, 38 St Mary Axe, London EC3. Her Royal Highness, Patron, RNVR Youth Sail Training Trust, afterwards attended a Trustees’ Meeting at Pennington Manches LLP, 125 Wood Street, London EC2. The Princess Royal, Patron, this evening presented the Whitley Fund for Nature Annual Awards at the Royal Geographical Society, 1 Kensington Gore, London SW7, and was received by Sir Michael Dixon (Deputy Lieutenant of Greater London). KENSINGTON PALACE April 25th The Duke of Gloucester, Colonel-in-Chief, The Royal Anglian Regiment, this morning received Lieutenant Colonel Guy Foden upon relinquishing his appointment as Commanding Officer, 1st Battalion and Lieutenant Colonel Phillip Moxey upon assuming the appointment. His Royal Highness, Patron, Global Heritage Fund UK, this afternoon attended a Luncheon at the Garrick Club, 15 Garrick Street, London WC2. ST JAMES’S PALACE April 25th The Duke of Kent, Grand Master, United Grand Lodge of England, this afternoon attended the Annual Investiture at Freemasons’ Hall, 60 Great Queen Street, London WC2. Today’s birthdays Sir Gordon Downey, Parliamentary Commissioner for Standards, 1995-98, is 90; Mr J.C.B. Gosling, Principal of St Edmund Hall, Oxford, 1982-96, 88; Sir Edward Cazalet, a former High Court Judge, 82; Sir Roger Buckley, a former High Court Judge, 79; Sir Robin Jacob, a former Lord Justice of Appeal, 77; Mr William Tudor John, Deputy Chairman, Nationwide Building Society, 2007-11, 74; Mr Peter Schaufuss, ballet dancer, producer, choreographer and director, 68; Mr John Battle, former Labour MP, 67; Sir David Reddaway, former diplomat, 65; Mr Justice Lane 65; the Marquess of Bute, racing driver, 60; and Mr Mark Serwotka, General Secretary, Public and Commercial Services Union, 55. FIRST WORLD WAR GALLIPOLI ASSOCIATION Capt C.W.M. McLean and Miss A.J. Regan The engagement is announced between Captain Charlie McLean, Coldstream Guards, eldest son of Mr and Mrs William McLean, of Eyton-on-Severn, Shropshire, and Amelia, daughter of Mr and Mrs Jon Regan, of Mereworth, Kent. Online ref: 552783 Mr A.J.W. Wilson and Miss V.R. Gill The engagement is announced between Alasdair Jonathan Windsor, only son of Mr and Mrs David Wilson, of Pangbourne, Berkshire, and Victoria Rose, only daughter of Colonel and Mrs Howard Gill, of Wymondham, Norfolk. Online ref: 552767 Mr L. Holmes-Reilly and Ms P. Patel The engagement is announced between Lee, son of Mr Gary Holmes-Reilly and Ms Anne Holmes-Reilly, of Arnos Grove, Enﬁeld, and Prini, daughter of Mr and Mrs Rohit Patel, of Harrow, Middlesex. Online ref: 552800 Mr R.J.N. Martin and Miss E.C.L. Read The engagement is announced between Robert, son of Mr and Mrs Roy Martin, of Haddington, East Lothian, and Emily, younger daughter of Mr and Mrs David Read, of St Peter Port, Guernsey. Online ref: 552807 Exeter Flotilla Lt Chris Seaton, RNR, Chairman, presided at the annual luncheon of the Exeter Flotilla held yesterday in the Oﬃcers' Mess, Commando Training Centre, Royal Marines, Lympstone. Lt Col Jon Coomber, RM Chief of Staﬀ, CTCRM, was the principal guest, and the Flotilla guest was Lt Jim Booth, RN. The Gallipoli Association held its annual wreath-laying service at the Gallipoli Memorial in the Crypt of St Paul’s yesterday to honour all those who took part in the Gallipoli Landings, April 25, 1915, and served on the Peninsula and in the Dardanelles. Canon Mark Oakley, Chancellor of St Paul’s, officiated. Mr Mark Lancaster, MP, Minister of State for the Armed Forces,the High Commissioner for Australia, the Ambassador of Turkey, the High Commissioner for New Zealand, Mr Don Sexton, Deputy Head of Mission, Irish Embassy, Mr Trevor Mallard, Speaker of the New Zealand House of Representatives, Maj Gen Neil Sexton, representing the Chief of the General Staff, Rear-Adml John Kingwell, representing the First Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff, Capt Christopher Fagan, President, Gallipoli Association, and Brig James Stopford, Chairman, were among others present. Appointments in the Clergy Revv Karen Greenidge, SSM c, Emmanuel, Southall (London); to be SSM p-in-c, All Hallows, North Greenford (same dio); Sarah Guinness, c, Buckhurst Hill (Chelmsford), to be p-in-c, Brentford tm (London); Mark Hay to be assoc p, Longfleet (Salisbury); Jonathan Carey Hill, asst c, Fletchamstead (Coventry), to be v, St Martin with the Transfiguration, Hull (York); Juliette Hulme, chapl, Wells Cathedral School (Bath and Wells), to be tv, Nadder Valley (Salisbury); Kelvin Inglis, r, St Thomas and St Edmund, Salisbury (Salisbury), to be also rd, Salisbury (same dio); Joanna James, c, Christ Church, Barnet (London), to be i, St Paul, Mill Hill (same dio); Canon Gary Jenkins, v, St James and St Anne, Bermondsey, and also hon can, Southwark Cathedral (Southwark), to be also ad, Bermondsey (same dio). Bridge news United and Cecil Club Sir Graham Brady, MP, Chairman of the 1922 Committee, was the guest speaker at a dinner held by the United and Cecil Club last night at the Carlton Club. Mrs Wendy Morton, MP, was in the chair and Mr John V.C. Butcher also spoke. Diplomatic appointment Ms Corin Robertson has been appointed Ambassador to Mexico in succession to Mr Duncan Taylor, who is retiring from the Diplomatic Service. Ms Robertson will take up her appointment in October 2018. The Carlton Bridge Club in Edinburgh was the host for the Scottish Bridge Union’s four graded Individual championship events, writes Julian Pottage, Bridge Correspondent, and the winners are as follows: Benjamin for the top ranked players: 1st Jim Hay, 58.54%; 2nd Anne Symons, 58.13%; and 3rd Harry Smith, 55.83%. Harrison for Regional Masters and above: 1st Andy Wilson, 63.13%; 2nd Jean Armstrong, 58.75%; and 3rd Nicol Taylor, 57.71%. Shenkin for Masters and Scottish Masters: 1st Peter Boni, 60.00%; 2nd Norman Cooper, 59.38%; and 3rd Graham Dempsey, 56.88%. Alan Fairlie for District Masters and below: 1st Tadeusz Janowski, 65.00%; 2nd Denis Howell, 60.00%; and 3rd Chris Smyth, 56.75%. LONDON, FRIDAY APRIL 26, 1918 ABOARD THE VINDICTIVE From Our Special Correspondent. Dover, Thursday. In “our rough island story” no more daring or hazardous adventure has ever been carried out by the men of our fighting ships than the attack on Ostend and Zeebrugge. This, of course, has been said many times already, but it is only when, by visiting the ships which returned, you have visualised the tremendous risks entailed and the terrific nature of the ordeal through which they passed, that the shining valour of the exploit stands out in all its full meaning. Therefore, having been aboard the battered Vindictive, the Iris, and the Daffodil, having had engraved on one’s mind the results of the enemy’s fire, there seems an imperative call to say once again that no finer piece of work than this is in the annals of the Navy. Officers who were there are strictly modest in their accounts of the affair. A man who had escaped death in a providential manner made this significant remark: “Not many in the whole shoot thought there was much more than a sporting chance of coming back. It is certain that those on the block ships did not.” These quietly spoken words, few though they be, are eloquent of the bravery which inspired those who set out to do this deed. As to the Zeebrugge end of the story, an officer gave his version of the results thus: “It will take the enemy many months to remove the obstruction. Some people think he will do it in six months, but he may not succeed before the war is over. It was not a ‘bluff ’ business in any sense, and if we have stopped 50 submarines from coming out it means, naturally, much greater security for merchant shipping. That definite object, I feel certain, was attained.” Regarding Ostend, it is not possible to quote so confident an assurance, as a sudden shift of the wind blew the fog screen across the entrance to the harbour, and the exact position in which the block ships were sunk between, the two piers flanking its narrow entrance, was difficult to ascertain. Therefore, whether the obstruction is as complete as is the case at Zeebrugge is a point which remains to be settled. It is not necessary to tell here the stirring tale of the Vindictive’s part in the enterprise. That can be read elsewhere, in the words of the captain himself, who emerged from the fight with a shrapnel wound in the arm, and a feeling of pride that will be with him all his days at the splendid behaviour of every man under his command. But of the ship lying peacefully in safe harbourage – bruised, shattered, shell-ridden in all her upper works – something may well be written. As the motor launch sped across the harbour and the vessel came in full view, one glance sufficed to show how punishing had been the fire to which she was subjected. Her foremost and after funnels, though still standing, are literally riddled with wounds, some great, gasping apertures caused by the passage of a whole shell, others smaller holes to be counted by the hundred, where jagged lumps of shrapnel had torn a way through the metal. The middle funnel had suffered comparatively little damage. I was told that Vice-Admiral Roger Keyes gave the ship’s company a horseshoe before starting, and it was affixed to the middle funnel, where it remained until this morning. Aboard the ship the eye rested everywhere on the litter and the wreckage of a great fight. “They have mucked her up right and good,” said a sailor. It just about expressed the truth. Forward, the ship caught it particularly hot. The bridge was smashed up, the signal room reduced to fragments, and the “flammenwerfer” house damaged. On every side were evidences of the destructive effect of modern shellfire in a confined space like a ship. The fighting-top is still standing, though a shell bored its way right through the supporting mast. Another shell unhappily burst in the top itself, and killed or wounded all the occupants except two. A senior officer had left the platform only two minutes earlier. Today I ventured to congratulate him on his escape. “Yes, it was a piece of luck,” he replied, quite simply. KAYE.—On Saturday April 21st 2018, at St George's Hospital, Tooting, at 2.56 p.m. to Lauren and Jason, a beautiful son, Oscar Tate, weighing 1.4kgs. A little warrior for grandparents Sean and Rae Condon, and Lisa Shine and Robert Kadish. Online ref: 552857 Diamond weddings GRAY - PANTER.—60 years ago on 26th April 1958, at St Marks, Seremban. Malaya, Michael to Gwyn. Congratulations and fondest love from all the family. Online ref: A223521 PRINGLE - WINDETT.—On 26th April 1958, at St Paul's Church, Hadley Wood, Herts, David to Angela. Retired to Suﬀolk IP29 5PS. Online ref: 551961 ALLEN.—Robert (Bob), of Grasmere, on 18th April 2018 peacefully at the Royal Lancaster Inﬁrmary, aged 82 years. Loving husband, father and Grandpa. Service of Thanksgiving will be held at St Oswald’s Church, Grasmere on Thursday 10th May at 1 p.m. Family ﬂowers only. Donations, if desired, to North West Air Ambulance or Langdale and Ambleside Mountain Rescue c/o Edmondson Longmire Funeral Service. Tel: 015394 43427. Online ref: 552827 ALLMAN.—Geoﬀrey Colin, passed away peacefully on 8th April 2018, aged 92 years. Sadly missed by all family and friends. Funeral Service to take place at Robin Hood Crematorium, Solihull on Thursday 3rd May at 10.30 a.m. Online ref: 552607 BLAGG.—Caroline Ann (née Fitzhugh) died Tuesday 17th April, aged 77, peacefully after a second stroke. Beloved wife to Rex, cherished mother to Stuart, Matthew and Annabel. A Service to celebrate Caroline’s life will be held at St Mary’s Church, Henley on Friday 4th May at 2 p.m. No ﬂowers, any donations will be gratefully received for the Acute Stroke Unit - RBH and St Marys Church. Enquiries to Tomalin & Son, 01491 573370. Online ref: 552832 BROKER.—Martin Charles, of Burnham on Sea. Passed away peacefully in The Priory Nursing Home aged 60 years. Martin will be sadly missed by his family and friends. Funeral Service to be held on Tuesday 8th May 2018 at St Andrew's Church, Burnham on Sea at 12 noon followed by private family committal. Family ﬂowers only please but donations, if desired, to Epilepsy Research Foundation may be left after the service or sent to P J Harris Funeral Service, 2 Cross Street, Burnham on Sea, TA8 1BN. Tel: 01278 782886. Online ref: 552829 BRUNT.—Alun Lewis, passed peacefully on 22nd April, aged 86 years. Devoted and much loved husband of the late Barbara, father of Alyson, Papa of Harry, Benedict and Amy, and father-in-law of Simon. Funeral Service in Llandaﬀ Cathedral at 12.30 p.m. on Friday 4th May, followed by a cremation at Cardiﬀ & Glamorgan Crematorium, Barry. Family ﬂowers only. Donations, if desired, to the Alzheimer's Society, Oldwell Court, Ty Gwyn Road, Penylan, Cardiﬀ, CF23 5AZ. Online ref: 552861 DAVIS.—John Digby, died peacefully on April 21st, aged 80. A decorated RAF veteran and engineer. Beloved husband of Ann, much loved Dad to Helen, Peter, Louise, Paul and Jennifer, dear brother to Sue and the late Alan. A special grandfather and great-grandfather of their respective families. Funeral Service at Woodvale Crematorium, Brighton on May 8th at 3 p.m. No ﬂowers please. Donations, if desired, to The Royal Air Force Association c/o Grace Funeral Directors. Tel: 01273 813333. Online ref: A223779 EVANS.—Dr Rachel Georgina FRCP FRCPH of Blackheath, sadly passed away on 31st March 2018, aged 84 years. Her Funeral is on 2nd May at 12 noon, St Mary's Catholic Church, 5 Creswell Park, Blackheath. Online ref: 552820 GIFFORD.—Margaret, aged 99, of the Cotswold Home, Burford, Oxfordshire, formerly of Orchard Court, Stonehouse, died peacefully on 29th March 2018. Funeral to be held at Gloucester Crematorium on Thursday 3rd May at 11.30 a.m. Donations, if desired, for St. Nicholas, Standish and The Cotswold Home, c/o L.W. Clutterbuck Ltd, 24-26 High Street, Cam, Dursley, Glos, GL11 5LE. Online ref: 552866 GRIFFIN.—Gerda Hildegard (née Bremer) passed away peacefully 16th April 2018, aged 96. She will be greatly missed by her family and friends. Funeral Service Wednesday 2nd May, 10.40 a.m. at Mortlake Crematorium. Enquiries to TH Sanders & Sons, 020 8876 5255. Online ref: 552805 GRIFFITHS.—Captain TMA Griﬃths, Royal Artillery, later Major, TA and an estate agent practicing in Redcar and Middlesbrough, passed away peacefully on 18th April 2018, aged 88. Sadly missed by friends and family. Service at Teesside Crematorium at 10.45 a.m. 27th April. Goodbye Soldier. Online ref: A223770 HIDDERLEY.—John, of Wolston, Warwickshire, died on Thursday 19th April, aged 87 years old. Farmer, former chairman of NFU Poultry Committee; JP and Chair of the Rugby Justices until 1995. Beloved husband to Wilhelmina for 38 years, and adored stepfather, grandfather, brother, uncle and grand uncle. Private burial service, followed by a Celebration of his life at St Margaret's, Wolston, on Wednesday 2nd May at 1 p.m. Donations to the Royal Agricultural Benevolent Institution RABI and The Myton Hospices. All enquiries to A. Pargetter & Son, Funeral Directors, City Mews, Lamb Street, Coventry, CV1 4AE. (Tel. 02476 223343). Online ref: 552851 HORNE.—Renira Margaret Ida, died peacefully at home on Sunday 22nd April at the age of 87 following a long illness. Much loved mother of Camilla, Alexandra and Vanessa, and beloved grandmother to Auriol, Lizzie, Alistair, Christopher (Kipper) and Ben. Funeral private. “Absolutely no fuss” was her speciﬁc request. All enquiries to Camp Hopson Funeral Directors on Tel: 01635 522210. Online ref: A223777 MacCARTHY.—Dolores Mary (née Collins) died peacefully on 20th April 2018. Beloved widow of Niall, mother of Jacqui and Tressan, grandmother to Finbarr, Rory, Jo, Sam, Jack and Charlie. Funeral at St Mary's, Holly Place, London NW3 6QU at 3 p.m. on 30th April, reception afterwards at Tressan's home. Family only cremation. Family ﬂowers only, donations, if desired, to centrepoint.org.uk Thanksgiving services to celebrate her life will be held in Surrey in July and Schull (Co. Cork) in August. Details to follow. Online ref: A223776 MACKENZIE.—Dolores (née VynerBrooks), died peacefully on 9th April 2018, aged 80, widow of Lt Cdr Steven Mackenzie. A Service of Thanksgiving will be held at 2.30 p.m. on Friday 4th May at St Andrew's Church, Tangmere, PO20 2HA. Online ref: A223741 MARTIN.—Brigid, of Came, Dorchester, peacefully on 19th April 2018 aged 90. Beloved mother, grandmother and great grandmother. Private family funeral. Donations to be divided between Save the Children and The Churches Conservation Trust may be made payable to Funeral Donations Account and sent c/o Grassby Funeral Service, 8 Princes Street, Dorchester DT1 1TW. Tel: 01305 262338. Online ref: 552785 PALMER.—Colin Attwell Lynch Palmer FRCS, aged 89 years, on 16th April in Sheﬃeld. Formerly of Shanghai. Retired eye surgeon. An internee of Yang Chow Camp. Beloved husband of Jill, loving father of Christopher and Simon and sadly missed by all his extended family. Service at Hutcliﬀe Wood Crematorium, Sheﬃeld on Thursday 10th May at 1.15 p.m. Enquiries to Jason Heath, John Heath & Sons, Sheﬃeld. Online ref: 552799 PICKTHALL.—Sheila Ann (née Neville) died peacefully on 22nd April 2018, aged 91. Much loved mother of Mark, Charles and Sarah and grandmother of Guy, Luke, Harvey, Louis, Giacomo and Federico and beloved wife of Colin (deceased). A Funeral Service will be held at the Sacred Heart and St Aldhelm Church, Sherborne, Dorset on 11th May at 10 a.m. No ﬂowers please, but donations, if desired, to Marie Curie. www.mariecurie.org.uk Online ref: A223769 PITTS.—Dr Eric, died on 14th April, aged 90. Funeral at St Mary the Virgin Church Friston, East Sussex at 11.30 a.m. Tuesday 1st May. No ﬂowers, donations to St Mary’s Church, Friston c/o Haine & Son, 19 South Street, Eastbourne BN21 4UJ. Online ref: 552741 PURKISS.—David Purkiss, passed away peacefully after a period of ill health on April 7th, aged 91. A wonderful man and dearly loved husband of fantastic wife, mother and grandmother, Marie Purkiss. He will be sadly missed. He leaves his two children, Andy and Ruth, and six grandchildren Daniel, Jack, Rosanna, Kate, Tom and Charlotte. Family Funeral at Worthing Tabernacle, 64 Chapel Road, Worthing BN11 1BN at 2 p.m. on April 26th. Online ref: 552876 SAMMONS.—Roy, died suddenly at his home aged 88 years. Much loved husband of Miriam and father of Richard and Stuart. His loss is felt keenly by his family. Thanksgiving Service will be held at 1.30 p.m. in Wolvercote Cemetery Chapel, OX2 8EE on Thursday 10th May 2018. Heartfelt thanks to Oxford Ambulance Response Team and the emergency services, post event care was exemplary. Family ﬂowers only. Donations, if desired, may be given to RNLI or Médecins Sans Frontières c/o Reeves and Pain Funeral Services, 22 Fairfax Centre, Kidlington, OX5 2PB. Online ref: 552830 STEVENSON.—John Michael FFARCS. Died 22nd April 2018, aged 84. Beloved husband of Marian and father of Richard and Meriel. Funeral Service to take place at Markeaton Crematorium on 10th May 2018 at 1.40 p.m. Family ﬂowers only. Donations to Alzheimer's or Motor Neurone research. All enquiries to Co-operative Funeralcare, 4a Park Farm Centre, Birchover Way, Allestree, Derby DE22 2QN. Online ref: 552862 THE SACRIFICES of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise. Psalm 51.17 TEXT FOR THE DAY is provided by the Bible Society. WALLACE.—Ian Stuart on Tuesday 17th April 2018, at home, aged 72. Beloved husband of Jane, much loved father, father-in-law and grandfather. A Service of Thanksgiving will be held at All Saints Church, Farley, Wiltshire on Thursday 7th June at 2.30 p.m. Family ﬂowers only, donations if desired for UCLH Glioblastoma Research Fund c/o I. N. Newman Ltd, 55 Winchester St, Salisbury, SP1 1HL. Tel: 01722 413136. Online ref: 552870 WILKINSON RIDDLE.—Sally (née Elt), of Bevere. Passed away peacefully with her family by her side on 16th April 2018, aged 71 years. Loving partner of Gerry, darling mummy of Deb and mother-in-law of Jamie. She will be sorely missed by all her family and friend. Enquiries to: E J Gumery & Son. Tel: 01905 22094. Online ref: 552797 WILSON.—Edward "John", formerly of Leigh-on-Sea, passed away peacefully after a short illness, on 22nd April 2018, aged 94. Beloved husband of Mary for 61 years, much loved father of Helen and Frances and father-in-law of Jules and Stephen, dearest brother of Barbara and adored "Pa" of Alice, Florence, Joseph and Toby. He will be greatly missed. Private family funeral. No ﬂowers please. Funeral Directors: J Gorringe & Son, 55 Hare Lane, Godalming GU7 3EF. Online ref: A223732 YOUNG.—Jean Barbara Paterson, Lady Young, died peacefully on Saturday April 21st, aged 92. Adored wife of Dick (Sir Richard Young) recently of Chipping Campden and formerly of Bearley. Much loved mother, grandmother and great-grandmother. Funeral at St James' Church Chipping Campden on Thursday May 10th at 12 noon. Enquiries: Co-op Funeralcare, 01386 446188. Online ref: A223740 In memoriam HARRISON.—David. Happy 72nd birthday. Gone, but not forgotten, Sandra, Tracy, Jason and Charlotte. Online ref: 552902 *** The Daily Telegraph Thursday 26 April 2018 27 Obituaries Emma Smith Lt-Col John Cormack Award-winning novelist whose writing career flourished again after half a century in obscurity ROBERT DOISNEAU/GAMMA-RAPHO/GETTY E MMA SMITH, who has died aged 94, looked set fair in the late 1940s to become one of Britain’s leading novelists after publishing two highly successful books in her early twenties; in the event she virtually stopped writing, but in old age she saw her early works republished to renewed acclaim, and resumed her career with two highly praised volumes of autobiography. She was able, in her early fiction, to draw on a range of unusually adventurous experiences for a young middle-class woman of her generation, having been spared the expected life of secretarial drudgery by the intervention of the Second World War. She was born Elspeth Hallsmith in Newquay on August 21 1923, into what she called “a deeply unhappy, dysfunctional family”. Her father Guthrie, a bank clerk who had been badly affected by his service in the Great War, “overshadowed our family like a black cloud”, she said. He was prone to terrifying outbursts and when she was 12, not long after the family had moved from Cornwall to Dartmoor, she felt relief when he abandoned his wife Janet and their children to pursue a career as a painter. In later life, though, she came to appreciate how much he had done, despite his other shortcomings, to stimulate her love of literature. Early in the war she went to do clerical work for a branch of the War Office – or MI5, as she admitted in later life – in Blenheim Palace, but although glad to have escaped home she was bored stiff, and answered an advertisement for women to work on canal narrowboats that had been grounded since their male crews On the banks of the Seine in 1947 and, above right, sailing on the Stour in 1950 had been called up. Aged 19 she found herself working with other young women from all social backgrounds on three-week roundtrips ferrying steel to Birmingham and coal back to London. It was physically demanding work and lavatory facilities were rudimentary – it was “bucket and chuck it”, she recalled – but she was proud to earn the respect of bargemen and dockers, and found the experience hugely liberating. In 1948 she published Maidens’ Trip, a lightly fictionalised account of her adventures, which won the John Llewellyn Rhys Prize and was a bestseller. “It was what people wanted, something light-hearted about the war,” she reflected in old age. In the meantime she had met the film-maker Raymond “Bunny” Keene when he asked her to dance at the Gargoyle Club, and in 1946 she agreed to accompany him as a gofer on a trip to India to make a documentary about tea plantations. The scriptwriter accompanying the party was Laurie Lee, who encouraged her early attempts at writing (as she encouraged his) and suggested that she take “Emma Smith” as a pseudonym. “People always tried to make me say I had a love affair with Laurie,” she said in 2009. “But he was just a very good friend. I went off [him], though – he needed so much adulation.” The contrast between drab wartime London and the colour of Bombay and Calcutta hit her “like an explosion”, she said, and she kept a detailed diary of her trip; on her return she went to live in Paris and started to write another novel based on her experiences. One day while working on her typewriter by the Seine she was unwittingly snapped by the photographer Robert Doisneau. The picture became one of the most famous examples of his work, but it was not until 2013 that Emma Smith revealed herself to be its subject. Her second novel, The Far Cry, was published in 1949; the story of an English girl spirited off to India by her neurotic father to escape the clutches of his loathed ex-wife, her mother, it proved to be Emma Smith’s masterpiece. It was another popular and critical success, and won the James Tait Black Memorial Prize. Elizabeth Bowen hailed “a savage comedy with a vicious streak … She brings to English fiction something too often lacking: a superabundant vitality.” In 1951 Emma Smith married Richard Stewart-Jones, an architectural conservationist who had once been the lover of James Lees-Milne, a month after she had met him at a new year ball. She enjoyed a smart social life unlike anything she had known before, and lost interest in writing. In 1957 her husband died of a heart attack, leaving considerable debts, and Emma Smith went to live with her son and daughter in a cottage with no electricity or running water in Wales; she occupied her time by writing children’s books. She published another novel for adults, The Opportunity of a Lifetime, in 1978, and the following year Maidens’ Trip was dramatised on BBC Two, but it was not until 2002, when Persephone Books reissued The Far Cry as part of a series of neglected classics by women, that her work again received serious attention. Emma Smith, who wore bright colours and even as an octogenarian had an air of 1930s Bohemia, was delighted to receive praise from writers such as Michael Ondaatje. She decided to return to writing for a wider audience, keen to record her experiences for her grandchildren. Her two volumes of memoirs were The Great Western Beach (2008), describing her childhood in Cornwall, and As Green As Grass (2013), which dealt with her life up to her marriage; it was typical of her determined personality that she finished the latter book despite having broken her back. Her publisher noted that she had “total recall” and, unlike many memoirists, invented nothing. Emma Smith is survived by her son and daughter. Emma Smith, born August 21 1923, died April 24 2018 Harry Goodman H ARRY GOODMAN, who has died aged 79, was a trailblazing travel entrepreneur who fuelled the British appetite for sunshine holidays in Florida. Goodman was best known for Intasun, the business he founded in the early 1970s to provide packages to European resorts at prices well below scheduled air fares; it grew to be the UK’s second biggest tour operator behind Thomson Holidays, the market leader against which Intasun competed, in Goodman’s words, “like a Jack Russell snapping at a big dog’s heels”. He went on in 1979 to launch Air Europe, which flew charter flights for Intasun and later ran scheduled European routes from Gatwick. At the same time he saw the opportunity to offer £139-a-week holidays in Miami Beach, using flights provided by Laker Airways – and on the strength of that success, his group, later renamed International Leisure Group (ILG), floated on the stock market in 1981. A spate of acquisitions followed, including Club 18-30, with its “beach party” packages for singles, and a clutch of London hotels which Goodman refurbished and sold at a healthy profit. But he never developed a comfortable relationship with the City, which was as wary of his playboy lifestyle as his appetite for risk, and in 1987 he took his group private again through a management buy-out. Expansion continued in Air Europe, where Goodman announced he would double the fleet by buying 30 new Boeing aircraft, and boasted that “we’ll always have more passengers than aircraft seats”. A high point was the launch of scheduled flights to Rome, where Goodman was awarded an audience with Pope John Paul II. After the demise of British Caledonian in 1988, Air Europe could also claim to be Britain’s second largest scheduled carrier – attracting hostility from British Airways, which briefed investigators to find out whether Goodman was secretly backed by foreign investors, and was believed to have been behind a spate of lurid tabloid stories, including revelations of “wild parties” and a past conviction for possession of cocaine. It was not Goodman’s personal foibles, however, but the wider impact on tourism of the first Gulf War that brought ILG to grief: it collapsed with £500 million of debts in 1991. Harry Goodman was born in London on November 12 1938. His PA/PA ARCHIVE Founder of Intasun package holidays who relished the high life and had an audience with the Pope Goodman in 1987: ‘It’s only business’ father died in a car accident before Harry was born; his mother, Rebecca Aaronovich, from a Latvian Jewish immigrant family, then married Charles Goodman, whose name Harry took. But after Rebecca died of cancer and Charles abandoned the family, the 12-year-old Harry went to live with an uncle and aunt while his two younger half-brothers were consigned to an orphanage. At 15, he left school to work as a claims clerk – until a neighbour offered him a job in a Hatton Garden travel agency, which came as a revelation to “a kid from the East End who’d never been abroad … I was going to airports and visiting Spain, where … you could drink all day and the sun shone.” After National Service he diverted briefly into running an employment agency in Bond Street, which he likened to “a cattle market”. By his own account, “I sold it two years later and bought three travel agencies from a dentist in south London” – and in 1962 he founded Sunair, marketing holidays to Spain and Italy in what he described as “the beginning of a gold rush”. After selling Sunair in 1971, he set his mind to creating a new package holiday model in Intasun, which made its breakthrough in 1974 by picking up 50,000 customers from the collapse of the tour operator Clarksons. Likewise in 1982, Goodman stepped in to benefit from the demise of the Laker empire. If it was true, as one profile reported, that Goodman “loved to shove two fingers at sober-suited City toffs”, it was also the case that bankers who understood his modus operandi grew to like him: one invited him for a day at the Badminton horse trials, where Goodman showed up in a RollsRoyce convertible and a turquoise suit, with a spectacular picnic. Shortly before the collapse of ILG, Goodman passed out at the wheel and almost died. “I was overweight, stressed and living an unhealthy lifestyle,” he admitted. “I was so busy trying to save my business, I hadn’t noticed.” Four weeks later he was also broke. But after a period of quiescence which he called his “wilderness years”, he returned in 1997 to launch TV Travel Shop, a shopping channel, which was successfully sold on four years later. Goodman’s last venture, in 2005, was Totally Travel, offering cruise bargains, which ended in liquidation in 2012. In later life Goodman was philosophical about his career reversals, and most proud of having funded the Rebecca Goodman Centre for deaf and blind children in Walthamstow, in memory of his mother: “That was meaningful. The rest? For Christ’s sake, it’s only business.” Harry Goodman married first, in 1962, Helen Ross, with whom he had a son and a daughter. Secondly, in 1977, he married Joy McGeever, née Rosendale; they had a daughter. He married his third wife Yvonne in 1986; she survives him, with his children. Harry Goodman, born November 12 1938, died March 12 2018 Cecil Taylor Free jazz pianist whose mercurial style challenged audiences but was praised by Jimmy Carter On returning to New York he formed his own quartet, with which he recorded his first album, Jazz Advance, in 1956. In the light of Taylor’s later work, this sounds quite conventional, if somewhat angular at times. Recordings from the next few years trace the progress towards what would be his own distinctive style. Unfortunately for him, in late 1959 Ornette Coleman arrived in New York with his band and attracted all the attention. Despite growing critical acclaim, Taylor’s regular live work dwindled to sporadic bookings in small clubs. In 1962 this led to the grimly farcical situation in which Down Beat magazine hailed Taylor as its “Rising Star”, while the rising star himself was unemployed and washing dishes to pay his rent. An opportunity to make his first visit to Europe arose later that year and he spent six months playing in Scandinavia. During that time he recorded two live albums at the Café Montmartre, Copenhagen. Returning home at the end of the year he found the situation as bleak as before, in contrast to the receptive Scandinavian scene. Together with a group of like-minded musicians, including the trumpeter Michael Mantler, trombonist Roswell Rudd and saxophonist Archie Shepp, he Cecil Taylor’s highly physical performances often spilled over into spontaneous chanting, dancing and recitations of his poetry REDFERNS C ECIL TAYLOR, who has died aged 89, was the pianist whose challenging and mercurial playing virtually defined the term “Free Jazz”. Like his near contemporary, Ornette Coleman, Taylor dispensed with elements such as regular chorus structure, chord sequences and (in Taylor’s case) four beats to a bar, which had hitherto been considered essential. Of the two, Taylor proved the more dauntingly abstract, and his music was slow in gaining a viable audience. Cecil Percival Taylor was born on March 15 1929 and brought up in the New York borough of Queens. His father was a chef and his mother, whom he adored, played piano and violin and valued education and culture highly. She took him to concerts and, when he began learning the piano, insisted on a routine of daily practice. She died when he was aged 14. Taylor went on to study piano at the New York College of Music, and later at the New England Conservatory. He began going to jazz clubs, hearing leading figures such as Charlie Parker, Bud Powell, Sarah Vaughan and especially Duke Ellington, whose “orchestral” approach to the piano he greatly admired. formed a collective, the Jazz Composers’ Guild. When, in 1968, they released an album with Taylor as the featured soloist, the tide had begun to turn. Taylor’s band, the Cecil Taylor Unit, toured Europe in 1969, playing at major festivals, and he embarked on a parallel career as a solo artist. Concert promoters and their audiences seemed no longer to be so wary. Probably more were prepared to set aside their expectations of a “normal” jazz performance. Whatever the case, the experience could be quite overwhelming. His phenomenal piano technique was often shatteringly loud, and his whole approach so physically energetic that it could spill over into chanting and a kind of shuffling dance. This probably helps explain his fondness for duets with drummers, of which there are many recorded examples, among the most admired being those with Max Roach, Andrew Cyrille, Han Bennink and Louis Moholo. One notable case of the Taylor effect on an unprepared listener occurred during a jazz festival on the White House lawn hosted by the then President, Jimmy Carter. As Taylor’s set ended, Carter jumped to his feet and rushed over to the stage. According to George Wein, organiser of the show, “the President took the pianist’s two hands in his own, looking at them with wonderment and awe. ‘I’ve never seen anyone play the piano that way,’ he marvelled.” Music, for Taylor, was part of his total artistic expression, which also included dance, and poetry, which he wrote and sometimes published on the sleeves of his albums or recited during a performance. He created the music for several dance ensembles and once explained: “I try to imitate on the piano the leaps in space that a dancer makes.” Appreciation may have been late in arriving, but when it came it was accompanied by a string of honours. Principal among these were a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1973 and a MacArthur Fellowship in 1991. Finally, in 2013, the Japanese Kyoto Prize brought him a bounty of $500,000. Taylor was unique and inimitable. He angrily rejected all attempts to categorise him or his work, and the closest he ever came to explaining it himself was: “What I am doing is creating a language – a different American language.” He was unmarried and had no surviving close family. Cecil Taylor, born March 25 1929, died April 5 2018 Sapper who lived on his wits in Korea, Cyprus and Germany L IEUTENANTCOLONEL JOHN CORMACK, who has died aged 90, won an MC in the Korean War and served with the British Mission to the Soviet Forces. Cormack served in Korea as a junior sapper officer from 1951 to 1953. In October 1951, in Operation Commando, he was riding on the turret of a Centurion tank of the 8th Royal Irish Hussars when they struck a mine. He was blown up in the air and landed inside the tank but was lucky to escape serious injury. Between January 20 and February 9 1952, he commanded a troop of 28 Field Engineer Regiment RE in support of 3rd Bn Royal Australian Regiment. The task was to clear mines and booby traps from a forward area but, added to the danger posed by the devices themselves, it was not possible to do this work by night. Any movement by day was very risky because the whole area was overlooked by the Chinese Communists at distances as close as 200 yards. Cormack, making skilful use of the terrain and the weather conditions, eluded the enemy’s attention in areas where Allied patrols could not normally move by day without bringing down mortar fire. Laying an anti-personnel minefield 100 yards from enemy lines, he chose a night that was so cold that fingers stuck to the fuzes and the enemy concluded that any such activity was impossible. Over many months, he and his troop carried out hazardous operations without incurring casualties. The citation for his MC paid tribute to his determination, courage and inspirational leadership. John Napier Cormack was born in Edinburgh on August 4 1927 and educated at Daniel Stewart’s College. He went to Selwyn College, Cambridge, where he attended a shortened course in engineering before going to Sandhurst. He played rugby for London Scottish, the Royal Engineers XV and United Services. He was commissioned into the Corps of Royal Engineers in 1948. After returning from Korea, he instructed at Mons Officer Cadet School and served in Cyprus with 37 Field Engineer Regiment RE during the Eoka troubles. He studied Russian before being posted in 1964 to Berlin, where he joined the British C-in-C’s Mission to Cormack: inspirational leader the Soviet Forces in Germany, or Brixmis. One one occasion, he was driving along the edge of a Permanently Restricted Area (PRA) when he spotted an A-frame which he believed could be used to launch the Scud-B, a Soviet short-range ballistic missile which had just “gone operational”. He raced back to HQ and, having got clearance to break the rules and penetrate the PRA, he and two comrades set up an observation post under cover of darkness. At first light, they heard the sound of movement and Cormack, using the long lens on his camera, was able to photograph the Scud through the trees and obtain proof that the missile was being deployed with regiments in Germany. On another occasion, he was photographing a new Soviet 120 mm field artillery gun when he was accosted by a Soviet officer who demanded to see the film. Cormack insisted that he had only been taking pictures of churches and opened the camera. This, of course, ruined the film, which was only a dummy. The officer was furious. The real film was inside Cormack’s driver’s boot. Cormack was appointed MBE for his work. A spell at the School of Infantry, Warminster, was followed by a posting as second-in-command of 21 Field Engineer Regiment in BAOR, which included a tour in Northern Ireland. After promotion to lieutenant-colonel and a period as liaison officer to the Netherlands Army, in 1979 he retired and, for the next 10 years, edited RE Corps publications. For several years, he was Director-General of the Burma Star Association. Cormack married, in 1953, Beverley Fitzroy, who survives him with their son and daughter. John Cormack, born August 4 1927, died April 9 2018 28 *** Thursday 26 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph Television & radio The week in radio Jemima Lewis What to watch The BBC finally has a true crime podcast to rival Serial D Whodunit: Neil McCarthy and Marit Higraff investigate a cold case in ‘Death in Ice Valley’ eath in Ice Valley is said to be the BBC’s “answer” to the podcast Serial. That, in itself, feels slightly dispiriting. Almost four years after a not-for-profit production company in Chicago produced the most popular podcast series of all time – a word-ofmouth sensation that helped spawn a mass market for the emerging medium – our national broadcaster is only now lumbering to its feet to offer some serious competition. To make the comparison especially direct, Death in Ice Valley (released weekly on BBC iPlayer and Apple Podcasts) is, like Serial, a cold-case investigation about a murdered woman – but this time with added Scandi-noir. The dead woman in question was found in 1970 in a remote, wooded spot in Norway’s Isdalen (or Ice) Valley. She had been partially burnt, and all the labels on her clothes removed. Her luggage was later discovered in Bergen railway station: its contents included wigs, fake spectacles and a notebook full of mysterious codes. The conceit here is that two investigative journalists – Marit Higraff from the Norwegian public radio station NRK, and Neil McCarthy from the World Service – will try to crack one of Norway’s most famous unsolved crimes, with a little help from the audience. Amateur sleuths are encouraged to post any leads or theories on a dedicated Facebook page. New episodes are still being made, and the producers evidently hope that the public will lead them to a satisfactory conclusion. I started listening to this in a mood of deep scepticism. It seems so optimistic – not to say childish – to hope that Joe Public can solve a mystery that has defeated the Norwegian police for almost 50 years. And everything about this show – even down to the international detective double-act, nicked from the cult TV series The Bridge – sounded so derivative. But after two episodes, I’m hooked. It’s a great story, imaginatively told. Its elusive heroine – known in Norway as the “Isdal Woman” – is emerging as a possible Cold War spy, with a touch of Cruella de Vil: dark eyes; red, unsmiling lips; a gold tooth and a fur hat. She travelled alone, dressed beautifully, spoke with a strange foreign accent, and – according to several witnesses who met her – trailed a horrible smell behind her. Of our two detectives, Higraff is the expert: she had already spent two years investigating this case when the World Service suggested a collaboration. McCarthy’s role, which he performs winningly, is to follow her around Norway asking pertinent questions. But perhaps the biggest star of the show is its sound designer, Phil Channell. Successful podcasts have to be pleasing to the ear, because most people listen to them through earphones: a much more intimate, enveloping experience than pottering about in the kitchen with the radio on. Channell has created a lush soundscape of crunching footsteps, buffeting winds and the pattering of rain on anoraks. I’m less keen on the suspenseful music – especially the ladies wailing “Aaaaaoooooooooo” in the background, like a chorus of ghostly Enyas – but the overall effect is so immersive that you can almost feel the mossy floor of the Isdalen Valley beneath your feet. Death in Ice Valley went to the top of the Apple Podcast charts this week: number one in Britain and number two in America. That is a huge deal for a British podcast, and proof that, at last, the BBC is mastering this wonderful art. T hought for the Day (Radio 4) is very far indeed from the cutting edge of radio: 48 years old and widely considered a pointless anachronism, a daily puff of religious hot air into the secular atmosphere of the Today programme. But when Rabbi Jonathan Sacks took the microphone on Friday, it briefly became essential radio again. “I’ve been doing Thought for the Day for 30 years,” he began, “but I never thought that in 2018 I would still have to speak about antisemitism.” What followed was three minutes of brilliantly measured fury. Political extremism on the left and right, he said, had revived the ancient hatred: antisemitic incidents on Jews in Britain have risen to their highest level since records began in 1984. This “dysfunction” in our culture should frighten everyone, “because the hate that begins with Jews never ends with Jews”. Mere unease is no longer enough, he warned. “All it takes for evil to flourish is for good people to do nothing. Today I see too many good people doing nothing, and I am ashamed.” before descending into a genuinely scary tale. SH Ambulance BBC ONE, 9.00PM Drama The key to the BBC’s emotional, compelling Ambulance, which returns for a third series, lies in the attention to small details, whether it’s the way in which a husband gazes into his injured wife’s eyes or the moment at the end of a shift when two team members of the West Midlands Ambulance Service relax to the radio on the way home. This strong opening episode is also almost impossible to watch at times. It begins with call assessor Shanie, who has just graduated from training, as she deals with the cries of a woman in labour. And then there’s paramedic Nat, who gets a call that’s uncomfortably close to home while her driving partner, also called Nat, desperately tries to keep her calm. They are just two of the five featured stories – only a handful of the 6,041 cases treated by the service in a 48-hour period – and the film-makers do well to balance the light and dark, ensuring that we are able to laugh amid the tears. The night’s star is, however, 101-year-old Mary, who greets Happy! NETFLIX, FROM TODAY Adapted by Grant Morrison from his graphic novel, Happy! stars Chris Meloni (Law & Order: SVU) as Nick Sax, a depressed cop turned hitman who appears to be hallucinating a tiny blue unicorn named Happy! The kicker: Happy! (voiced by Patton Oswalt) is real, sort of. He’s the imaginary friend of a little girl in danger and he needs Sax to save the day. The result is crazed, profane and strangely enjoyable. SH Barry SKY ATLANTIC, 10.45PM The night’s second hitman-related offering sees Saturday Night Live’s Bill Hader as Barry, a killer developing a conscience. That description doesn’t come close to capturing the tone of this dark comedy, however. It’s an eccentric Cup half full medics: paramedics Nat and Nat paramedic Justin with a smile and the words: “Oh, don’t you look nice” before going on to flirt for Harold Shipman: Doctor Death Documentary Super Fast Falcon ITV, 9.00PM BBC TWO, 8.00PM “They seem to live in a different time perception,” says an awed watcher during this fascinating film about peregrine falcons. The film-makers make a great deal out of trying to uncover how fast peregrines really are, but that’s largely incidental to the footage of these elegant birds. SH Civilisations BBC TWO, 9.00PM Simon Schama, the presenter for this final episode of the Civilisation reboot, begins the final Britain. It’s a lovely scene and one which, like the episode, warms the heart. Sarah Hughes Happy: Christopher Meloni episode with a heartfelt plea: “What can art do when horror comes calling?” What follows is an emotional hour that starts with the Holocaust and ends with monuments to migrants who drowned at sea. SH Harold Shipman was one of Britain’s most prolific serial killers. Nicknamed “Doctor Death”, Shipman is said to have poisoned more than 250 of his patients, and was found guilty of killing 15. This documentary speaks to some of the key people involved in the case. SH True Horror CHANNEL 4, 10.00PM This inventive “true life” horror series continues with The Ghost in the Wall, a haunted house story that starts out as a study of a relationship under stress Barry: Bill Hader but entertaining mash-up of Community and Grosse Point Blank, held together by Hader’s gloriously laconic central performance. SH Sport Europa League Football: Arsenal v Atletico Madrid BT SPORT 2, 8.05PM Following the announcement that Arsène Wenger is to leave at the end of the season, the Gunners will want to send him off in style – by winning the Europa League. But first, they have to get past Atletico Madrid in the semi-finals. Radio choice Charlotte Runcie Guilty Architecture RADIO 4, 11.00AM You can spot them immediately: buildings across Europe that were constructed as meeting places for fascist groups, and were built to embody the nationalist ideologies of Mussolini and Hitler. Those ideologies – and the political parties who espoused them – are long gone, but the buildings remain. This fascinating documentary presented by architecture journalist Jonathan Glancey explores how we use these “cathedrals of propaganda” tainted by past horrors today, and whether they should be maintained or left to crumble. Radio 1 FM 97.6-99.8MHz 6.30 am The Radio 1 Breakfast Show with Nick Grimshaw 10.00 Clara Amfo 12.45 pm Newsbeat 1.00 Scott Mills 4.00 Greg James 5.45 Newsbeat 6.00 Greg James 7.00 Annie Mac 9.00 The 8th with Charlie Sloth 11.00 Radio 1’s Residency: James Blake 12.00 BBC Radio 1’s Residency – Mura Masa 1.00 am Toddla T 3.00 Radio 1 Comedy – Birthday Girls House Party 4.00 - 6.30am Radio 1’s Early Breakfast Show with Adele Roberts Radio 2 FM 88-90.2MHz 6.30 9.30 12.00 2.00 5.00 7.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 am Chris Evans Ken Bruce Jeremy Vine pm Steve Wright in the Afternoon Amol Rajan Bob Harris Country Jo Whiley The Radio 2 Arts Show with Anneka Rice The Craig Charles House Party am Radio 2’s Tracks of My Years Playlist Radio 2 Playlist: Have A Great Weekend Radio 2 Playlist: Feelgood Friday - 6.30am Nicki Chapman Radio 3 FM 90.2-92.4MHz 6.30 am Breakfast 9.00 Essential Classics 12.00 Composer of the Week: Strozzi 1.00 pm News 1.02 Radio 3 Lunchtime Concert. Sarah Walker presents the 2.00 4.30 5.00 7.00 7.30 10.00 10.45 11.00 12.00 12.30 third of four concerts of songs by Tchaikovsky and his friends from last Saturday’s BBC Radio 3 Big Chamber Day at Saffron Hall in Essex Afternoon Concert BBC Young Musician 2018 In Tune In Tune Mixtape Radio 3 in Concert Free Thinking ◆ The Essay: Dark Blossoms. See Radio choice Exposure Late Junction - 6.30am Through the Night Radio 4 FM 92.4-94.6MHz; LW 198KHz 6.00 8.30 9.00 9.45 9.45 10.00 11.00 11.30 12.00 12.01 12.04 12.15 12.57 1.00 1.45 2.00 2.15 3.00 3.27 3.30 4.00 4.30 5.00 5.54 5.57 6.00 6.30 7.00 7.15 7.45 8.00 am Today LW: Yesterday in Parliament In Our Time FM: Book of the Week: Sharp: The Women Who Made an Art of Having an Opinion LW: Daily Service Woman’s Hour Crossing Continents ◆ Guilty Architecture. See Radio choice News pm LW: Shipping Forecast Home Front You and Yours Weather The World at One Chinese Characters The Archers Drama: Mythos Open Country Radio 4 Appeal Open Book The Film Programme BBC Inside Science PM LW: Shipping Forecast Weather Six O’Clock News Alone The Archers Front Row Curious Under the Stars The Briefing Room The Essay RADIO 3, 10.45PM As part of Radio 3’s season exploring Japan’s counterculture, This Essay, subtitled The Art of the Heist, is exploring the dark side of Japanese history. In tonight’s edition, Christopher Harding, an academic and cultural 8.30 9.00 9.30 10.00 10.45 11.00 11.30 12.00 12.30 12.48 1.00 5.20 5.30 5.43 5.45 5.58 In Business BBC Inside Science In Our Time The World Tonight Book at Bedtime: Nikesh Shukla – The One Who Wrote Destiny Beef and Dairy Network Today in Parliament News and Weather am Book of the Week: Sharp: The Women Who Made an Art of Having an Opinion Shipping Forecast As World Service Shipping Forecast News Briefing Prayer for the Day Farming Today - 6.00am Tweet of the Day Radio 5 Live MW 693 & 909KHz 6.00 am 5 Live Breakfast 10.00 The Emma Barnett Show with Anna Foster 1.00 pm Afternoon Edition 4.00 5 Live Drive 7.00 5 Live Sport 8.05 5 Live Sport: Europa League Football 2017-18. Arsenal v Atletico Madrid (kick-off 8.05pm). Commentary on the semi-final first-leg encounter from the Emirates Stadium 10.00 Question Time Extra Time 1.00 am Up All Night 5.00 Morning Reports 5.15 - 6.00am Wake Up to Money Classic FM FM 99.9-101.9MHz 6.00 9.00 1.00 5.00 7.00 8.00 am More Music Breakfast John Suchet pm Anne-Marie Minhall Classic FM Drive Smooth Classics at Seven The Full Works Concert. Catherine Bott presents another evening of the best new recordings, and features pieces by Debussy, historian of Japan and India tells the story of the 300 million yen bank robbery of 1968, which was the largest heist in Japanese history at the time. The case is still unsolved today. As Harding investigates, it was also seen as a metaphor for the broken promises of openness and civil liberties in post-war Japan. Haydn, Brahms and Offenbach 10.00 Smooth Classics 1.00 - 6.00am Jane Jones World Service DIGITAL ONLY 6.00am Newsday 8.06 The Inquiry 8.30 Business Daily 8.50 Witness 9.00 News 9.06 The Thought Show 10.00 World Update 11.00 The Newsroom 11.30 The Food Chain 12.00 News 12.06pm Outlook 1.00 The Newsroom 1.30 Assignment 2.00 Newshour 3.00 News 3.06 The Inquiry 3.30 World Business Report 4.00 BBC OS 6.00 News 6.06 Outlook 7.00 The Newsroom 7.30 Sport Today 8.00 News 8.06 The Inquiry 8.30 Science in Action 9.00 Newshour 10.00 News 10.06 Assignment 10.30 The Food Chain 11.00 News 11.06 The Newsroom 11.20 Sports News 11.30 World Business Report 12.06am The Thought Show 1.00 News 1.06 Business Matters 2.00 News 2.06 The Newsroom 2.30 Assignment 3.00 News 3.06 Newsday 3.30 World Football 4.00 News 4.06 Newsday 5.00 News 5.06 The Newsroom 5.30 6.00am Science in Action Radio 4 Extra DIGITAL ONLY 6.00am Rogue Justice 6.30 Sud-U-Like 7.00 Hopes and Desires 7.30 Alone 8.00 J Kingston Platt’s Showbiz Handbook 8.30 The Goon Show 9.00 Listomania 9.30 HR 10.00 The Idiot 11.00 Grounded 11.15 Forest Tales 12.00 J Kingston Platt’s Showbiz Handbook 12.30pm The Goon Show 1.00 Rogue Justice 1.30 Sud-U-Like 2.00 Expo 58 2.15 Shakespeare’s Restless World 2.30 Good News 2.45 Catch Me If You Can 3.00 The Idiot 4.00 Listomania 4.30 HR 5.00 Hopes and Desires 5.30 Alone 6.00 The Man Who Was Thursday 6.30 Great Lives 7.00 J Kingston Platt’s Showbiz Handbook 7.30 The Goon Show 8.00 Rogue Justice 8.30 Sud-U-Like 9.00 Grounded 9.15 Forest Tales 10.00 Comedy Club 12.00 The Man Who Was Thursday 12.30am Great Lives 1.00 Rogue Justice 1.30 Sud-U-Like 2.00 Expo 58 2.15 Shakespeare’s Restless World 2.30 Good News 2.45 Catch Me If You Can 3.00 The Idiot 4.00 Listomania 4.30 HR 5.00 Hopes and Desires 5.30 6.00am Alone *** The Daily Telegraph Thursday 26 April 2018 29 Today’s television FV Freeview FS Freesat (AD) Audio description (R) Repeat (S) Subtitles (SL) In-vision signing BBC One BBC Two ITV Channel 4 Channel 5 6.00 am Breakfast (S) 9.15 Rip Off Britain: Food (S) 10.00 Homes Under the Hammer (AD) (S) 11.00 Heir Hunters (S) 11.45 The Housing Enforcers (S) 12.15 pm Bargain Hunt (AD) (R) (S) 1.00 BBC News at One; Weather (S) 1.30 Regional News; Weather (S) 1.45 Doctors (AD) (S) 2.15 800 Words (AD) (S) 3.00 Escape to the Country (AD) (R) (S) 3.45 Flipping Profit (AD) (S) 4.30 Flog It! (R) (S) 5.15 Pointless (S) 6.00 BBC News at Six; Weather (S) 6.30 Regional News; Weather (S) 6.00 am Flog It! Trade Secrets (R) (S) 6.30 Heir Hunters (R) (S) 7.15 Rip Off Britain: Food (R) (S) 8.00 Sign Zone: David Attenborough’s Natural Curiosities (AD) (R) (S) (SL) 8.30 Sign Zone: Kate Humble: Off the Beaten Track (R) (S) (SL) 9.00 Victoria Derbyshire (S) 11.00 BBC Newsroom Live (S) 12.00 Daily Politics (S) 1.00 pm Live Snooker: The World Championship The sixth day’s play gets under way at the Crucible Theatre in Sheffield (S) 6.00 Eggheads (R) (S) 6.30 Britain in Bloom (S) 6.00 am Good Morning Britain (S) 8.30 Lorraine (S) 9.25 The Jeremy Kyle Show (S) 10.30 This Morning (S) 12.30 pm Loose Women (S) 1.30 News; Weather (S) 1.55 Regional News; Weather (S) 2.00 Judge Rinder (S) 3.00 Tenable (S) 4.00 Tipping Point (S) 5.00 The Chase (S) 6.00 Regional News; Weather (S) 6.30 News; Weather (S) 6.00 am Countdown (R) (S) 6.45 3rd Rock from the Sun (AD) (R) (S) 7.10 3rd Rock from the Sun (AD) (R) (S) 7.35 Everybody Loves Raymond (R) (S) 8.00 Everybody Loves Raymond (R) (S) 8.30 Frasier (R) (S) 9.00 Frasier (R) (S) 9.35 Frasier (R) (S) 10.05 Ramsay’s Hotel Hell (AD) (R) (S) 11.00 Undercover Boss USA (R) (S) 12.00 Channel 4 News (S) 12.05 pm Coast vs Country (AD) (R) (S) 1.05 Posh Pawnbrokers (R) (S) 2.10 Countdown (S) 3.00 A Place in the Sun: Home or Away (R) (S) 4.00 Escape to the Chateau: DIY (AD) (S) 5.00 Four in a Bed (R) (S) 5.30 Buy It Now (S) 6.00 The Simpsons (AD) (R) (S) 6.30 Hollyoaks (AD) (R) (S) 6.00 am Milkshake! 9.15 The Wright Stuff 11.15 The Yorkshire Vet: A Five Legged Lamb & Other Curious Creatures (AD) (R) (S) 12.10 pm 5 News Lunchtime (S) 12.15 GPs: Behind Closed Doors (AD) (R) (S) 1.10 Access (S) 1.15 Home and Away (AD) (S) 1.45 Neighbours (AD) (S) 2.15 NCIS (AD) (R) (S) 3.15 FILM: Patricia Cornwell’s The Front (2010, TVM) Mystery drama starring Andie MacDowell (S) 5.00 5 News at 5 (S) 5.30 Neighbours (AD) (R) (S) 6.00 Home and Away (AD) (R) (S) 6.30 5 News Tonight (S) Super Fast Falcon Harold Shipman: Doctor Death The Truth About Obesity 7.00 The One Show Topical stories from around the UK (S) 7.30 EastEnders Arshad is frantic after Harley’s kidnapping (AD) (S) 7.00 Antiques Road Trip James Braxton and Christina Trevanion head to Ayr, Scotland (S) Gogglebox 7.00 Emmerdale Moira is stunned by a revelation (AD) (S) 8.00 Super Fast Falcon The secrets of the peregrine falcon – the world’s fastest animal See What to watch (AD) (S) 8.00 Emmerdale (AD) (S) 9.00 Ambulance New series. Documentary revealing the work of the West Midlands Ambulance Service See What to watch (S) 9.00 Civilisations Simon Schama considers the fate of art in the modern world. Last in the series See What to watch (AD) (S) 9.00 Harold Shipman: Doctor Death Detectives reveal how the serial killer got away with his crimes See What to watch (AD) (S) 10.00 BBC News at Ten (S) 10.30 Regional News; Weather (S) 10.45 Question Time Topical debate from Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk (S) 10.00 MOTD: The Premier League Show (S) 10.30 Newsnight (S) 11.15 Snooker: The World Championship 12.05am Snooker: World Championship Extra 2.05 Sign Zone: MasterChef 2.35 Sign Zone: The Secret Helpers 3.35 Sign Zone: Murder, Mystery and My Family 4.20 - 6.00am This Is BBC Two 11.45 This Week 12.35- 6.00am News S4C 8.30 Paul O’Grady: For the Love of Dogs – India New series. People who dedicate their lives to helping dogs in Delhi (AD) (S) 10.00 News; Weather (S) 10.30 Regional News; Weather (S) 10.45 Uefa Europa League Highlights Action from the semi-final first-leg matches (S) 11.45 Play to the Whistle 12.20am Lethal Weapon 1.05 Give It a Year 1.30 Jackpot247 3.00 Secrets of Your Online Shop – Tonight 3.25 ITV Nightscreen 5.05 - 6.00am The Jeremy Kyle Show Northern Ireland BBC One: 10.40pm The View 11.15 Question Time 12.15am This Week 1.00 - 6.00am BBC News BBC Two: 10.00 - 10.30pm The Arts Show 11.15 MOTD: The Premier League Show 11.45 BBC Four 7.00 pm Beyond 100 Days 7.30 Top of the Pops: 1985 8.00 Dive WWII: Our Secret History 9.00 Putin, Russia & the West 10.00 Horizon: Swallowed by a Sink Hole 11.00 Law and Order 12.20 am Top of the Pops: 1985 12.50 Danny Baker’s Great Album Showdown 1.50 Putin, Russia & the West 2.50 - 3.50am Dive WWII: Our Secret History ITV3 FV 10 FS 115 SKY 119 VIRGIN 117 10.20 12.30 1.35 2.40 3.15 3.45 4.20 4.50 5.25 5.55 7.00 8.00 10.00 12.05 2.15 2.30 am Agatha Christie’s Marple pm The Royal Heartbeat Classic Coronation Street Classic Coronation Street On the Buses On the Buses You’re Only Young Twice George and Mildred Heartbeat Murder, She Wrote Vera Housewife, 49 am A Touch of Frost ITV3 Nightscreen - 6.00am Teleshopping Snooker: The World Championship 12.35 2.05am Snooker: World Championship Extra UTV: 1.30 - 3.00am Teleshopping Scotland BBC One: No variations ITV2 E4 Noon The Goldbergs 1.00pm The Big Bang Theory 2.00 How I Met Your Mother 3.00 New Girl 4.00 Brooklyn Nine-Nine 5.00 The Goldbergs 6.00 The Big Bang Theory 7.00 Hollyoaks 7.30 Extreme Cake Makers 8.00 The Big Bang Theory 8.30 Young Sheldon 9.00 Brooklyn Nine-Nine 9.30 Derry Girls 10.00 The Inbetweeners 10.35 The Windsors 11.10 The Big Bang Theory 12.10am First Dates 1.15 Tattoo Fixers 2.15 Gogglebox 3.10 The Inbetweeners 3.40-4.05am The Windsors More4 11.35am Four in a Bed 2.10pm Come Dine with Me 4.50 A Place in the Sun: Winter Sun 5.50 Ugly House to Lovely House with George Clarke 6.55 The 7.00 The Nightmare Neighbour Next Door A dispute leads to a man being attacked with a hammer (R) (S) Secret Life of the Zoo 7.55 Grand Designs 9.00 The Good Fight 10.05 Emergency Helicopter Medics 11.05 24 Hours in A&E 12.10am Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA 1.05 The Good Fight 2.15 24 Hours in A&E 3.15-4.00am 8 Out of 10 Cats Uncut Dave Noon American Pickers 1.00pm Top Gear 3.00 Sin City Motors 4.00 Steve Austin’s Broken Skull Challenge 5.00 Top Gear 6.00 Room 101 6.40 Would I Lie to You? 8.00 Have I Got a Bit More News for You 9.00 QI XL 10.00 Room 101 10.40 Mock the Week 12.00 QI 1.20am Mock the Week 2.00 QI 3.15 Parks and Recreation 3.40-4.00am The Indestructibles Sky Sports Main Event 10.30am Live ATP Tennis 3.00pm Live Indian Premier League 7.00 Live Premier League Darts 10.00 Live PGA Tour Golf. The Zurich Classic of New Orleans 11.30 Premier League World 12.00 NFL Draft 12.30-5.00am Live NFL Draft. Day one from AT&T Stadium in Arlington, Texas Sky Sports Premier League Noon Premier League World 12.30pm PL Greatest Games 1.00 Premier League Bradley Cooper stars in this thriller about a writer whose former brotherin-law slips him a pill that enables him to access 100 per cent of his brain. His book is finished in four days, so he goes back for more and this time nets himself a fortune on the stock market. Neil Burger directs at breakneck pace, but afterwards you wish that Cooper’s character had used that brainpower for something more interesting than making money. Moonraker (1979) ITV4, 9.00PM ★★★ 8.00 Location, Location, Location Catching up with two first-time buyers (S) 8.00 Bad Tenants, Rogue Landlords Harrow Council officers find 30 mattresses in a flat designed for four people (S) 9.00 999: What’s Your Emergency? Crimes resulting in the breakdown of mother-son relationships (AD) (S) 9.00 Can’t Pay? We’ll Take It Away! Stewart and Vic try to evict a volatile tenant in Nottingham (S) 10.00 True Horror Docudrama based on real horror stories See What to watch (AD) (S) 11.05 Gogglebox 12.00 The Real Football Fan Show 12.35am The Island with Bear Grylls 1.30 The Secret Life of the Zoo 2.25 Class of Mum and Dad 3.20 Come Dine Champion of Champions 4.15 Building the Dream 5.10 - 6.00am Fifteen to One The 11th film in the Bond series, and the fourth to star Roger Moore as the dapper MI6 agent, involves the theft of a space shuttle. It’s one of the weaker 007 films and at times seems more of a comedy than a tense action adventure, but it’s enjoyably frivolous. Michael Lonsdale plays resident baddy Hugo Drax who pinches the aforementioned space shuttle to help along his plan to wipe out the world’s population. 10.00 Michael Portillo: Our Housing Crisis – Who’s to Blame? Michael Portillo investigates the story of the social housing revolution (S) 11.30 Where There’s Blame, There’s a Claim 12.00 SuperCasino 3.10am GPs: Behind Closed Doors 4.00 Tattoo Disasters UK 4.25 Tattoo Disasters UK 4.45 House Doctor 5.10 Wildlife SOS 5.35 - 6.00am House Doctor BBC Two: 12.00 - 1.00pm First Minister’s Questions 7.00pm The Beechgrove Garden 7.30 8.00pm Timeline STV: 10.30pm Scotland Tonight 11.05 Uefa Europa League Highlights 12.05am Lethal Weapon 12.50 - 1.50 Teleshopping 2.50 Secrets of Your Online Shop – Tonight 3.15 ITV Nightscreen 4.05 The Jeremy Kyle Show 5.00 6.00am Teleshopping Enemy of the State (1998) This slick, hi-tech film is considered a continuation of the Seventies spy-thriller The Conversation, which starred Gene Hackman. Here, Hackman plays a surveillance expert who helps Will Smith’s framed attorney escape the clutches of some corrupt government spooks led by Jon Voight. Directed by Tony Scott, it’s a riveting ride. The interplay between the leads is fun, too. ITV Wales: 6.00 - 6.30pm ITV News Wales at Six ITV Regions Wales No variations, except: ITV Channel: 1.30 - 3.00am ITV Nightscreen BBC One: No variations BBC Two: No variations FV Freeview FS Freesat (AD) Audio description (R) Repeat (S) Subtitles (SL) In-vision signing ITV4 FV 24 FS 117 SKY 120 VIRGIN 118 11.35 12.45 1.50 2.50 3.50 4.55 6.05 7.00 7.55 9.00 11.40 1.35 2.30 3.00 10.20am The Bachelorette 12.15pm Emmerdale 12.45 Coronation Street 1.45 The Ellen DeGeneres Show 2.35 The Jeremy Kyle Show 6.00 Take Me Out 7.30 You’ve Been Framed! Gold 8.00 Two and a Half Men 9.00 Family Guy 10.00 Celebrity Juice 10.50 Family Guy 11.45 American Dad! 12.40am Plebs 1.10 Two and a Half Men 2.05 Totally Bonkers Guinness World Records 2.306.00am Teleshopping AMC, 9.00PM ★★★ SONY MOVIE CHANNEL, 9.00PM ★★★ Freeview, satellite and cable FV 9 FS 107 SKY 116 VIRGIN 107 7.00 Channel 4 News (S) Variations 6.00am Cyw 12.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 12.05pm Straeon y Ffin 12.30 Ffit Cymru 1.30 Sion a Siân 2.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 2.05 Prynhawn Da 3.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 3.05 O Gymru Fach 4.00 Awr Fawr 5.00 Stwnsh 6.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 6.05 ’Sgota gyda Julian Lewis Jones 6.30 Rownd a Rownd 7.00 Heno 7.30 Pobol y Cwm 8.00 Y Ty Arian 9.00 Newyddion 9 a’r Tywydd 9.30 Cwymp yr Ymerodraethau 10.30 Hansh 11.00 - 11.35pm Mwy o Sgorio Limitless (2011) Can’t Pay? We’ll Take It Away! 7.30 Secrets of Your Online Shop – Tonight Consumers’ rights when shopping online (S) 8.00 The Truth About Obesity Chris Bavin seeks out the latest scientific research into the problem (AD) (S) Film choice ALAMY Main channels am The Avengers pm Ironside Quincy ME Minder The Saint The Avengers Cash Cowboys Pawn Stars The Chase: Celebrity Special FILM: Moonraker (1979) Adventure starring Roger Moore See Film choice pm FILM: Crank: High Voltage (2009) Action thriller sequel starring Jason Statham am The Americans The Protectors - 6.00am Teleshopping 100 Club 2.00 PL Best Goals 00/01 3.00 Premier League Years 5.00 Premier League World 5.30 Premier League 100 Club 6.00 Premier League Today 6.30 Premier League 100 Club 7.00 Premier League World 7.30 Premier League Match Pack 8.00 Premier League Today 8.30 Premier League World 9.00 PL Best Goals 93/94 10.00 The Debate 11.00 Premier League Match Pack 11.30 Premier League World 12.00 PL Best Goals 93/94 1.00am The Debate 2.00 Premier League Match Pack 2.30 PL Greatest Games 3.00-4.00am The Debate BT Sport 1 10.30am Live WTA Tennis. Day four of the Porsche Tennis Grand Prix in Stuttgart 4.30pm The WRC Magazine 5.00 Ladbrokes SPFL Highlights 5.30 Live WTA Tennis. Day four of the Porsche Tennis Grand Prix in Stuttgart 9.30 UFC: Beyond the Octagon 10.00 UFC: The Ultimate Fighter 11.00 Live World Rally Championship. Rally Argentina, round five of the FIA World Rally Championship, gets underway with a dazzling super special stage in downtown Villa Carlos Paz, 700km north-west of Buenos Aires 12.00 NBA High Tops: Plays of the Month 12.30am NBA Action 1.00 Live NBA. Action from the NBA playoffs, a best-of-seven elimination tournament among the season’s 16 best teams. The Sky One SKY 106 VIRGIN 110 Noon 1.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 5.30 6.30 8.00 9.00 10.00 10.30 11.00 12.00 NCIS: Los Angeles pm Hawaii Five-0 NCIS: Los Angeles Stargate SG-1 The Simpsons Futurama The Simpsons Arrow SEAL Team In the Long Run Football’s Funniest Moments The Force: North-East Brit Cops: Frontline Crime UK 1.00 am Ross Kemp: Extreme World 2.00 Most Shocking 3.00 - 4.00am Duck Quacks Don’t Echo two winners (one from each conference) will go on to contest the finals 3.305.00am 30 for 30 History Noon Forged in Fire 1.00pm Pawn Stars 2.00 American Pickers 3.00 Counting Cars 4.00 Storage Wars 5.30 Pawn Stars 6.00 Forged in Fire 7.00 American Pickers 8.00 Forged in Fire 10.00 Ultimate Vehicles 11.00 The Lowe Files 12.00 Hitler’s Circle of Evil 1.00am Forged in Fire 2.00 Homicide Hunter 3.00-4.00am Ancient Aliens Sky Arts Noon The Seventies 1.00pm Discovering: Cary Grant 2.00 Watercolour Challenge 2.30 The Art Show 3.30 Tales of the Unexpected 4.00 Trailblazers: New Romantics 5.00 The Seventies 6.00 Discovering: Robert Mitchum 7.00 The Gospel Music of Johnny Cash 8.00 Johnny Cash at Folsom Prison 9.00 Urban Myths: Johnny Cash and the Ostrich 9.30 Johnny Cash’s Bitter Tears 10.45 Johnny Cash: A Legend in Concert 11.30 Urban Myths: Johnny Cash and the Ostrich 12.00 National Treasures: The Art of Collecting 1.00am Monty Python: Almost the Truth 2.05 Psychob*****s 2.35-4.30am FILM: Leonard Cohen: I’m Your Man (2005) Documentary about Sky Atlantic SKY 108 Noon 1.00 2.00 3.00 5.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.10 10.45 11.20 11.55 12.30 1.30 2.30 3.05 3.35 Film4 FV 15 FS 300 SKY 315 VIRGIN 428 House pm Without a Trace Blue Bloods The West Wing House CSI: Crime Scene Investigation Blue Bloods Billions Silicon Valley Barry See What to watch Last Week Tonight with John Oliver Mike Judge Presents am Tin Star Blue Bloods House of Lies Animals - 4.05am Animals the life and career of the Canadian singer-songwriter Sky Cinema Premiere 24 hours, including at: 4.30pm Broken Vows (2016) Thriller starring Wes Bentley 6.10 Gifted (2017) Drama starring Chris Evans 8.00 The Dark Tower (2017) Fantasy adventure starring Idris Elba 9.45 Palm Swings (2017) Premiere. Comedy drama starring Sugar Lyn Beard 11.40 Rough Night (2017) Comedy starring Scarlett Johansson 1.35am Sheikh Jackson (2017) Drama starring Basma 3.305.30am Sky (2015) Drama starring Diane Kruger and Norman Reedus PBS America 10.15am The Vietnam War 12.50pm The Aviators 1.50 Deadliest Tornadoes 3.10 The Vietnam War 5.35 The Aviators 6.40 Deadliest Tornadoes 7.50 The Aviators 9.00 Crash of the Century 10.55 The Aviators 12.05am Crash of the Century 2.00-6.00am Teleshopping TCM 24 hours, including at: 5.55pm Sherlock Holmes in Dressed to Kill (1945, b/w) Mystery with Basil Rathbone 7.20 The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes (1939, b/w) Adventure 11.00 am Samson and Delilah (1949) Biblical drama starring Victor Mature 1.35 pm The Spoilers (1955, b/w) Western starring Anne Baxter 3.15 Retreat, Hell! (1952, b/w) Drama with Frank Lovejoy 5.05 Winchester ’73 (1950, b/w) Western with James Stewart 6.55 Never Been Kissed (1999) Comedy with Drew Barrymore 9.00 Prisoners (2013) Thriller starring Hugh Jackman 12.00 Everly (2014) Action thriller starring Salma Hayek 1.50 - 3.40am Cheap Thrills (2013) Comedy thriller starring Pat Healy starring Basil Rathbone 9.00 Sherlock Holmes (2009) Thriller with Robert Downey Jr 11.35 Sherlock Holmes: A Game of Shadows (2011) Thriller with Robert Downey Jr 2.10-4.00am Conspiracy Theory with Jesse Ventura GOLD 11.20am You Rang, M’Lord? 12.20pm The Green Green Grass 1.00 As Time Goes By 1.40 Waiting for God 2.20 Only Fools and Horses 3.00 Last of the Summer Wine 5.00 As Time Goes By 5.40 The Green Green Grass 6.20 Dad’s Army 7.00 You Rang, M’Lord? 8.00 Dad’s Army 8.40 Only Fools and Horses 9.20 Harry Enfield and Chums 10.40 Two Doors Down 11.20 Jack Dee Live at the Apollo 12.20am Monty Python: Before the Flying Circus 1.40 Vic Reeves Big Night Out 2.40 Two Doors Down 3.10 Jack Dee Live at the Apollo 3.25-4.00am Citizen Khan Vintage TV 11.00am Throwback Thursday 1.00pm My Mixtape 2.00 Defining Decades 5.00 Tune In… To 1988 6.00 Tune In… To 1982 7.00 Tune In… To 1991 8.00 The Vintage TV Sessions 9.00 Britpop Explored 10.00 Focus On Sheffield 10.30 My Vintage 11.30 Blues ’n’ Roots 12.30am The Night Shift 3.00-6.00am Neil McCormick’s Needle Time 30 *** Thursday 26 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph Weather and crosswords Nature notes Tardy birds fail to catch caterpillars Warmer springs are creating a “mismatch” whereby hungry chicks hatch too late to feast on abundant caterpillars, new research has shown. With climate change expected to deliver warmer spring temperatures, scientists say the difference in timing between the hatching of birds and peaks in caterpillar numbers is likely to continue to worsen. Researchers from the RSPB and the universities of Exeter and Edinburgh studied the emergence of oak tree leaves and caterpillars, and the timing of nesting by three bird species: blue tits, great tits and pied flycatchers. The biggest mismatch was among pied flycatchers and their caterpillar supply. Migratory flycatchers, that are not in the UK in winter, are less able to respond to earlier spring weather. It had been suggested that northern birds would be less affected, but researchers found no evidence of this. Samantha Herbert Our puzzle website Enjoy your favourite Telegraph puzzles with our website. Visit puzzles.telegraph.co.uk Prize puzzles: You can win puzzles added weekly cash prizes with our exclusive Leaderboard: Play online crosswords interactively for points, and Your profile: Create compare your score on the a Nickname and add a photo leaderboard Puzzle archive: More than Print and play: Print 5,000 puzzles from Crosswords puzzles to complete at your to Sudoku. Plus over 50 new leisure The Daily Telegraph published by Telegraph Media Group Ltd, 111 Buckingham Palace Road, London SW1W 0DT. Tel: 020 7931 2000 Printed at Newsprinters (Broxbourne) Ltd, Great Cambridge Road, Waltham Cross, Hertfordshire EN8 8DY; Newsprinters (Knowsley) Ltd, Kitling Road, Prescot, Merseyside L34 9HN; Newsprinters (Eurocentral) Ltd, Byramsmuir Road, Holytown, Motherwell; and Independent News and Media, Unit 5 Springhill Road, Carnbane Industrial Estate, Newry, County Down, Northern Ireland BT35 6EF. Registered as a Newspaper at the Post Office. Newspapers Support Recycling. 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