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The Daily Telegraph - April 26, 2018

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FINAL
Thursday 26 April 2018
telegraph.co.uk
No 50,677 £ 1.80
Horsing around
Is this the end
of stable lads
and lasses?
Family on Thursday
Third time around The
secret grandparents hide
Plus Judith
Woods on
GCSE hell
Family & Features, page 23
Fa
Family & Features, page 23
Sport
B R I TA I N ’ S B E S T - S E L L I N G Q U A L I T Y D A I LY
‘They will be held to account’
As the Labour
anti-Semitism row
deepens, union baron
threatens five MPs
who challenged
Corbyn on the issue
By Gordon Rayner
Political Editor
NEWS BRIEFING
Puzzles
Obituaries
TV listings
Weather
ISSN-0307-1235
9 *ujöeöu#yxc,v.* ÊÁË×
‘I look with
disgust at the
behaviour of the
Corbyn-hater
MPs’
BRUCE ADAMS/ SOLO SYNDICATION
JEREMY CORBYN’S closest union ally
last night warned five “Corbyn-hater”
Labour MPs that they would be “held
to account” after he accused them of
whipping up a row over anti-Semitism
to “smear” the Labour leader.
The intervention from Len McCluskey, the Unite general secretary, threatens to turn the growing anti-Semitism
row within Labour into a civil war just
a week before the local elections.
Mr McCluskey said Wes Streeting,
John Woodcock, Neil Coyle, Chris Leslie and Ian Austin had used anti-Semitism to “toxify” the party. He was
accused of deliberately making them
targets for abuse at a time when their
colleagues have been subjected to
death and rape threats for speaking out
on the issue.
Labour is investigating 90 cases of
alleged anti-Semitism by its members,
and has suspended 20 members in the
past fortnight. Mr Corbyn has said he is
committed to tackling anti-Semitism
but Mr McCluskey’s comments will undermine the Labour leader’s attempt to
change the narrative.
Mr Streeting issued a defiant response, saying that “no abuse, intimidation or threats of deselection will
prevent me from voicing the concerns
of Jewish constituents about anti-Semitism in the Labour Party”.
Ruth Smeeth, a Jewish MP, was
given a human shield of 40 Labour colleagues yesterday to protect her from
far-Left activists as she attended a disciplinary hearing over an incident in
which she was the alleged victim of
anti-Semitic abuse.
And today The Daily Telegraph discloses that a senior member of the
shadow cabinet has called on Mr Corbyn to expel Ken Livingstone, the former mayor of London, from the party
as he faces a second investigation into
comments in which he linked the Nazis
to Zionism. Mr Livingstone’s two-year
suspension from the party ends tomorrow, but he will immediately be subject
to a second suspension pending the
outcome of the inquiry into fresh
Len McCluskey,
main picture and,
clockwise from top
left, Labour MPs Ian
Austin, Chris Leslie,
John Woodcock,
Wes Streeting and
Neil Coyle
complaints made about him of “deliberate and offensive behaviour towards
the Jewish community”.
Mr McCluskey made his comments
in an article for New Statesman magazine. He accused Avi Gabbay, the leader
of the Israeli Labor Party, of committing a “disgusting libel” on Mr Corbyn
when he severed ties with the Labour
leader over his alleged hostility towards the Jewish community. Unite
has given £11 million to Labour since
Mr Corbyn became leader, making it
the party’s biggest financial backer.
Turning to the Labour MPs, Mr Mc-
news
Cluskey wrote: “MPs such as Chris Leslie, Neil Coyle (my own MP), John
Woodcock, Wes Streeting, Ian Austin,
and others, have become a dismal chorus whose every dirge makes winning
a Labour government more difficult.
“Promiscuous critics must expect to
be criticised, and those who wish to
hold Corbyn to account can expect to
be held to account themselves.”
Asked if Mr McCluskey had made
him and his colleagues targets for fresh
abuse, Mr Woodcock told The Daily
Telegraph: “I’m sure it is very deliberately his intention, and it will underline
‘He should be
complaining
about the
people
responsible
for antiSemitism,
not those
calling it out’
business
Worst neighbourhood TSB chief in line of fire
as IT crisis continues
20 for obesity revealed
Britain’s
childhood
obesity
crisis
is
TSB
chief Paul Pester is coming under
27 now so grave that more than 50 per mounting
pressure as MPs and tech
of children are overweight or
experts accused the lender of rushing
29 cent
obese upon leaving primary school in
out a botched IT upgrade. Thousands
areas, new figures show.
of TSB customers continued to vent
30 some
Camberwell Green in south London
their anger on social media as outages
was yesterday revealed as the first
neighbourhood where more children
have a BMI of 25 or above than are a
healthy weight, according to Public
Health England. The ward, along with
eight others in London, is in the top 10
worst areas in the country.
Page 6
to vital services continued into a sixth
day, leaving some unable to pay bills
and rent and small business owners
fearing being unable to pay staff
tomorrow. City watchdog the Financial
Conduct Authority said it now had a
team working at TSB HQ.
Business, page 1
people’s conclusions about how he operates. Nothing is going to stop us from
trying to rid the Labour Party of the abhorrence of anti-Semitism.”
Mr Coyle accused Mr McCluskey of
undermining Labour efforts to tackle
anti-Semitism by claiming it “doesn’t
exist”, while Mr Austin said: “He should
be complaining about the people responsible for anti-Semitism, not the
people who are calling it out.”
Mr Austin was one of the MPs who
spoke out in a debate on anti-Semitism
in the Commons last week, during
which Labour MPs accused Mr Corbyn
of a “betrayal” of Jews and told him:
“Enough is enough.”
Ms Smeeth yesterday gave evidence
to a disciplinary hearing against Marc
Wadsworth, a Corbyn supporter and
Momentum activist, whom she accuses
of making anti-Semitic comments
about her in 2016. As she arrived for the
hearing, she was heckled by demonstrators from Labour Against The
Witch-Hunt, who accused her of being
part of a “conspiracy”.
comment
news
Reports: Pages 4 & 5
Editorial Comment: Page 19
Labour will ban Uber Supermarkets vow to
and Airbnb, says Truss cut single-use plastic
‘Would you mind telling me
how much is in my
current account?’
Labour will ban Uber and Airbnb if it
gains control of councils, a minister
warns today as she brands the
Conservatives the party of the “gig
economy”. Liz Truss, the Chief
Secretary to the Treasury, writes in
today’s Telegraph about how the Tory
party is the true party of young people,
as it allows them to innovate in the
new economy. She warns that the
Labour Party will ban start-ups such as
Uber, Deliveroo and Airbnb, or stifle
them with regulation so they fail.
Page 18
Every major supermarket in Britain
has today pledged to eradicate
unnecessary single-use plastics by
2025, under a new “UK Plastics Pact”.
The agreement, organised by Wrap,
the government-backed waste charity,
is a world-leading collaborative effort
by Britain’s biggest consumer
companies to tackle the scourge of
plastic waste on the environment.
It means single-use plastics will only
be allowed if they are deemed
absolutely necessary and are recyclable.
Page 7
2
FINAL
Thursday 26 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
News
‘It’s a good name...’ teases the Duke
By Hannah Furness
ROYAL CORRESPONDENT
WHEN your name will be spoken all
around the world for decades to come,
it is important to get it right.
So who could blame the Duke and
Duchess of Cambridge for waiting a little longer to announce the name of
their newborn son?
The third Cambridge baby, who was
born at 11.01am on Monday, will remain
nameless to the wider world for at least
a day longer than his older brother and
sister, as the Duke and Duchess take
their time in sharing their decision.
The names of both Prince George
and Princess Charlotte were announced by their proud parents two
days after their birth, suggesting the
Duke and Duchess are struggling to
make up their minds the third time
around, or simply savouring their secret for a few precious hours longer.
The Duke yesterday fuelled speculation about the name during a public
engagement, telling a man who suggested he could suit Prince Alexander:
“Funny you should say that...”
The Duke, who left his two-day-old
son at home with the Duchess to attend
a commemoration service, teased at-
tendees about the as-yet-unknown
name, as the world waited to hear what
the Prince would be called.
Told by Alexander Downer, the Australian High Commissioner, that he favoured his own name as a front-runner,
the Duke replied: “Funny you should
say that… It’s a good name.”
The Dean of Westminster, introducing the Duke to Sir Jerry Mateparae, Mr
Downer’s New Zealand counterpart,
joked: “Jerry would like it to be Jerry.”
“It’s a strong name, I have to say,” the
Duke conceded smiling.
Asked how the Duchess and the baby
were doing, the Duke said: “They’re
very well, thanks.” The father-of-three
said they are “in good form”, adding:
“Sleeping is going reasonably well, he’s
behaving himself, which is good news.”
The Queen will be informed of the
name before it is made public. The
Prince of Wales was yesterday travelling back from a service in France, raising the possibility that he could be
introduced to his grandson in person
before a name is announced.
As the Duchess spent time with her
mother and brother, four-year-old
Prince George was back at school while
Princess Charlotte enjoyed the last day
of her Easter holiday from nursery.
The Duke joined Prince Harry and
Meghan Markle at Westminster Abbey
for an Anzac Day commemorative service, honouring fallen war heroes of
Australia and New Zealand.
While the Duke’s words stoked speculation, Alexander is not likely to be a
final contender as it is one of Prince
George’s middle names.
Bookmakers, who reported a lastminute rush on bets, still favour Arthur
followed by James, Albert and Philip.
The Prince joins siblings Prince
George Alexander Louis, born on July
22 2013 and Princess Charlotte Elizabeth Diana, born on May 2 2015.
EU prevents UK
from backing
US sanctions
says Hammond
Alert after sepsis failures
lead to 100 deaths
Patients are dying of sepsis because
ill-trained staff do not know how to
spot the signs, NHS watchdogs have
warned.
Officials have issued a safety alert
after uncovering 100 deaths of hospital
patients after failures to identify or act
on symptoms of deteriorating health.
NHS Improvement has urged all
trusts to use a scoring system which is
designed to ensure that acutely ill
patients receive immediate help.
They said staff needed to be trained
to use the method in order to prevent
future tragedies, including deaths
from sepsis, which claims 37,000 lives
in England alone every year.
Ex-Ukip chairman sues
over crackers expenses
A former Ukip chairman is suing the
party over cream crackers in a row
about unpaid expenses. Christopher
Spalding is taking legal action against
his local branch claiming it owes him
£93.20 expenses – including for
cheese-flavoured crackers.
He refused to accept a £70 offer
from Ukip’s Rochester and Strood
constituency office in Kent.
He was previously told by Roy
Freshwater, the constituency
chairman, the expenses could not be
paid as they were not “appropriately
authorised”. Mr Freshwater said: “I
wasn’t surprised he brought this
forward – he wants the publicity.”
By Tim Wallace
Cricket ‘ticklers’ fancy
repopulating fields
Cricket “ticklers” are to help bring a
once-common species back from the
brink of extinction.
Populations of field crickets
dropped to just 100 individuals at a
single location in the Eighties and
despite recovering, they are still one of
the UK’s most threatened species.
Now the RSPB and Natural England
want to boost populations of the
crickets, once the soundtracks to
summer evenings. Using a technique
known as “tickling” with a blade of
grass, experts are encouraging young
field crickets that are hatching
underground to emerge so they can be
caught and moved to new areas.
Lotto
5 | 14 | 18 | 40 | 41 | 50 | B/Ball 12
Thunderball
TOLGA AKMEN/PA
BRITAIN and the US will not stand
shoulder to shoulder against Vladimir
Putin’s regime as the EU is never likely
to agree to tough sanctions, the
Chancellor has warned.
The US and EU rallied around the UK
in the wake of the Salisbury nerve
agent attack, but unified financial sanctions are more difficult to arrange, as
the UK only joins actions when they are
imposed either at UN or EU level.
Philip Hammond said it was particularly difficult to arrange these in harmony across the EU, indicating Britain
would not be able to match those applied by the US earlier this month.
Mr Hammond told the Treasury select committee: “While we are still EU
members we don’t have, with some
very narrow exceptions, an independent sanctioning capability. We are discussing with EU partners the measures
the US and others have taken. It is
probably fair to say there are varying
degrees of appetite within the EU for
further pressure on this group of individuals. One of the challenges of working within the EU is that in these areas
– foreign policy – one is required to
build a consensus of 28, which means,
frankly, operating at the lowest common denominator quite often.”
Some 20 Conservative backbenchers are reportedly planning to rebel
against the Government and force laws
to expose corrupt Russian money held
in Britain’s overseas territories when
the Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Bill is debated next week.
The latest round of US sanctions targeted 38 individuals and entities. These
included Oleg Deripaska, a high-profile
oligarch in Britain.
NEWS BULLETIN
1 | 7 | 11 | 31 | 34 | T/Ball 01
Sombre moment Meghan Markle appears moved at an Anzac Day dawn service she attended with Prince Harry at
Wellington Arch where he laid a wreath on behalf of the Queen, honouring Australia and New Zealand’s war dead.
Alexa ‘nanny’ pleased
to teach manners
By Matthew Field
TECHNOLOGY REPORTER
AMAZON’S Alexa voice assistant will
teach children to mind their Ps and Qs
in response to fears that the voice-activated Echo speakers were leading children to bark orders.
The company’s latest speaker will reward children for saying “please” and
“thank you” in an attempt to encourage
more polite questions.
When a child questions a new “Kids
Edition” of the Echo speaker and says
“please”, it will respond: “Thanks for
asking so nicely.” When they say “thank
you”, the speaker will reply “you’re
welcome” or “no worries”.
Children’s charities had previously
warned that the commanding way people have learned to address voice assistants was being picked up by children.
A report from Childwise found that
children were learning to talk “as aggressively or rudely as they like without any consequences”.
Amazon put the speaker on sale in
the US on Tuesday but did not say if it
planned to in the UK. The speaker,
which uses its Alexa voice assistant to
play music, games or answer ques-
tions, will also filter out explicit lyrics
and songs from music playlists. Parents
had previously slammed Amazon for
playing rude songs on their familyfriendly speakers.
“Parents can filter explicit songs
from Amazon Music and voice shopping is turned off to help prevent unexpected purchases.
“Alexa even provides positive feedback when kids ask questions and remember to say ‘please’,” the company
said.
While the original Echo was designed for those aged 13 and up, it has
proved popular with children, and Amazon says the child-friendly version is
aimed at children aged five to 12.
Amazon has also added features that
make the new Alexa almost a voicecontrolled nanny, suggesting parents
make voice calls through the Echo to
their children, which can link up to
other Echo devices in the household, to
tell children to come to dinner, do their
homework, or even wish them a good
night’s sleep.
Amazon added: “Let kids know dinner is ready, ask for help with a chore,
or remind them to go to sleep – all without raising your voice.”
British ticket scoops Village post office
£121m Euromillions wins the top gong
jackpot prize
in ‘Rural Oscars’
By Daily Telegraph Reporter
By Daily Telegraph Reporter
A BRITISH Euromillions winner has
claimed a £121.3 million jackpot, the
third biggest win, Camelot has said.
The Lotto operator said there will be
no information on whether it is an individual or syndicate winner or where
the ticket was bought unless the ticketholder goes public.
Andy Carter, of Camelot, said: “We
will look to support the winner as they
take the first steps to enjoy this incredible win.” The winning numbers were
20, 23, 28, 30 and 44 and the lucky stars
were 03 and 07.
The fortune almost matches the
wealth of Adele, the singer, and Calvin
Harris, the DJ.
In July 2011, Colin and Chris Weir became Europe’s biggest lottery winners
when they scooped £161 million. They
donated £1 million to the SNP. Adrian
and Gillian Bayford, from Suffolk, won
£148 million in August 2012. The next
biggest winner, of £113 million in 2010,
opted to remain anonymous.
PONTRILAS Post Office and Store near
Hereford was named The Daily Telegraph Village Shop of the Year at the
annual Countryside Alliance awards
ceremony held at the House of Lords
yesterday.
Sonya and Nigel Cary, the owners,
received their winner’s plaque from
Lord Gardiner of Kimble, the minister
for rural affairs, and The Daily Telegraph’s Philip Johnston.
Other winners of the so-called Rural
Oscars, now in their 13th year, were
Quex Barn of Birchington, Kent, in the
local food and drink category; The
Swan in Enford, Wiltshire (Best Pub);
Perrys of Eccleshall in Staffordshire
(Best Butcher); and Clinks Care Farm of
Toft Monks, Norfolk (Best Rural Enterprise). The Clarissa Dickson Wright
Award in memory of the late TV chef
and former judge went to The School of
Artisan Food in Welbeck, Notts.
Editorial Comment: Page 19
Councillor charged
with FOI offences
A Thanet councillor is facing trial for
destroying records of a system to catch
the owners of fouling dogs.
Suzanne Brimm faces three charges
related to Freedom of Information
requests for details about a dog DNA
scheme, including getting rid of
records so that they could not be
disclosed. It is believed to be the first
time that anyone has been charged
under Section 77 of the Freedom of
Information Act.
Cllr Brimm, previously a Ukip
member before becoming
Independent, has denied the charges
and will go on trial at Folkestone
Magistrates’ Court on Sept 3.
Ticketing website faces
legal action on resales
The ticketing website Viagogo has
been threatened with court action by
the competition watchdog for refusing
to tell customers if there is a risk they
may be turned away at the door.
StubHub, Get Me In! and Seatwave
have all formally committed to
providing better information about
tickets being resold through their
platforms, the Competition and
Markets Authority said.
However, it said Viagogo had not yet
agreed to make these changes and had
been notified that the regulator will
take court action unless it “promptly
commits to satisfactorily addressing its
concerns”.
Police called in after cat
is blinded by acid attack
A cat was the victim of an acid attack,
which left it with severe burns and no
fur. Owner Lyn Prewer who lives in
Exeter, Devon, said that when Georgie,
a 10-year-old tabby cat, arrived home
on Tuesday night it looked dead.
She said: “She had no fur left on her
head, her back and legs, and she had
froth coming out of her mouth.
“The vet has said that it is likely that
she will possibly lose her sight.”
Devon and Cornwall police believe
it was a deliberate attack, and said a
vet had confirmed that the animal’s
injuries are consistent with contact
with battery acid.
is a member of the
Independent
Press Standards
Organisation (IPSO) and we subscribe
to its Editors’ Code of Practice. If you
have a complaint about editorial
content, please visit www.telegraph.
co.uk/editorialcomplaints or write to
‘Editorial Complaints’ at our postal
address (see below). If you are not
satisfied with our response, you may
appeal to IPSO at www.ipso.co.uk.
The Daily Telegraph, 111 Buckingham
Palace Road, London, SW1W 0DT
**
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 26 April 2018
3
News
New gender-balanced
questions make University
Challenge harder than
ever, say contestants
By Helena Horton
WHEN University Challenge realised
that the bulk of their questions related
to prominent men, they decided to rectify the situation by ensuring a better
gender balance.
However, contestants say that the
admirable decision had the unintended
consequence of making the already notoriously difficult quiz even harder, because fewer people have heard of the
prominent female academics and artists to which the questions refer.
ITV Studios, which produces the
BBC show, confirmed it had been attempting to make questions more diverse, but said contestants should not
find them any more difficult as they all
fall within the range of academic general knowledge.
But one finalist team said that a
round relating to female philosophers
was more difficult than if it had been
about famous male philosophers. They
passed on every question.
Rosie McKeown, from the winning
St John’s, Cambridge, team told The
Daily Telegraph: “I know our team did
badly on the round about female philosophers, and I think we would have
had more names to draw on in order to
make an educated guess if the questions had been about men.”
Ms McKeown, 20, said she hoped the
questions would encourage the public
to learn about women in academia, ex-
Test yourself
The new
questions
Q. Born in 1919,
which female
philosopher’s
works include
The Solitary
Self and Beast
and Man?
A. Mary Midgley
Q. Which moral
philosopher
introduced the
Trolley Problem
thought
experiment into
ethics?
A. Philippa Foot
Q. A close friend
of Foot’s at
Oxford, which
philosopher’s
works include
The Sovereignty
of Good?
A. Iris Murdoch
Q. Often cited as
a glaring
omission in
Nobel history,
who was missed
from the 1944
Nobel Prize in
Chemistry,
which was
awarded to Otto
Hahn for the
discovery of
nuclear fission?
A. Lise Meitner
plaining: “I hope that any increase in
difficulty would be offset by the greater
awareness of these women created by
being mentioned on the show.”
Thomas Benson, the questions editor for the show, has confirmed there
has been an effort to equalise the gender imbalance. “About three years ago,
a viewer wrote in to point out that a recent episode had contained very few
questions on women,” he told the New
Statesman. “We agreed and decided to
do something about it.”
This was notable during this week’s
final, in which there was a round on female artists and a series of questions
about Willa Cather, a noted US author.
Contestants also faced a music round
on Marin Alsop, the first woman to conduct the Last Night of the Proms, and
bonus questions on Anna Komnene, a
Byzantine historian and princess.
Mr Benson said that he did not believe the questions were any more difficult now they include more women.
He explained: “The great majority of
the questions that feature women are
no different to any others, in that they
sit firmly within the realm of standard
academic general knowledge.”
The questions editor pointed out
that they often refer to historical and
background details. He gave the example of the bonus rounds on Ruth Ozeki,
a Canadian novelist, and Hertha Ayrton, the British physicist, which both
teams answered correctly in full.
A University Challenge spokesman
said: “When deciding on questions, we
continue to look at how best they reflect
all people of achievement and historical
importance, and try and ensure that
they are challenging, entertaining and
cover a broad range of subject matter.”
CHARLOTTE GRAHAM FOR THE TELEGRAPH
How TV’s toughest
quiz became even
more challenging
Flower girls Two dancers emerge from The GREENhouse, which is designed to blur the lines between
house and garden, at the Harrogate Spring Flower Show. The show opens today and runs until Sunday.
Calling visually impaired people blind is too scary, says charity – but it is still seeking a better term
By Olivia Rudgard
SOCIAL AFFAIRS CORRESPONDENT
CALLING people “blind” is old-fashioned and misleading, a charity has
said as it looks for a new name.
Oxfordshire Association for the
Blind is searching for alternatives to
make it more appealing and less “scary”
to young and visually impaired people.
Laura Howdill, the charity’s fundraising manager, told The Daily Telegraph
that people had been shocked and upset by the charity’s name because of the
stigma and misunderstandings attached to the word “blind”.
“There’s so many different eye conditions, from tunnel vision to flashing
– all kinds of things that prevent people
from being able to safely get around. It
just doesn’t really encompass the range
of problems that people have, and it’s
quite misleading in that very few people have no vision at all,” she added.
“We’re trying to create more of a
positive image because actually there
are people who are severely sight-impaired who are doing incredible things.
“We started a project to help young
children and families, and we’ve been
told at the hospital when a child gets a
diagnosis, and they give them a leaflet,
you can see the parents physically react
in shock to see the words ‘Association
for the Blind’. Someone else asked what
our charity name was and they were really upset and shocked by it.”
She suggested the new name could
incorporate “positive” words such as
“vision”, which have a “double mean-
ing – with our vision for the future”.
The charity has already received a
number of suggestions for their new
identity, but the final decision will be a
joint one, said Clive Cure, the Association’s director.
Mr Cure said: “We’ve been aware for
a while now that our name could be a
barrier to visually impaired people
who may not see themselves as blind.
This is a great opportunity to refresh
our image, bolster our presence and
make people aware of our services.”
Other charities have already stopped
using the term “blind” such as Berkshire County Blind Society, which became Berkshire Vision in 2015.
Oxfordshire Association for the
Blind supports more than 2,800 people
every year and its services are free.
4
**
Thursday 26 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
News
DUP’s ‘red
line’ threat to
bring down
Government
By Steven Swinford
DEPUTY POLITICAL EDITOR
THE DUP has warned it will bring
down Theresa May’s Government if
Northern Ireland is forced to stay in the
single market or customs union after
Brexit.
Nigel Dodds, the leader of the Democratic Unionist Party at Westminster,
said his party would vote against the
Government if any of its “red lines” on
Brexit are crossed.
Britain and the EU are deadlocked
over how to ensure that there is no
hard border between Ireland and
Northern Ireland after Brexit.
Mr Dodds told the Conservative
Home website: “If, as a result of the
Brexit negotiations, for instance, there
was to be any suggestion that Northern
Ireland would be treated differently in
a way, for instance that we were part of
a customs union and a single market
and the rest of the UK wasn’t... for us
that would be a red line, which we
would vote against the Government.
“You might as well have a Corbyn
government pursuing openly its antiUnionist policies as have a Conservative Government doing it by a different
means.”
It comes as Tory MPs will today hold
a symbolic vote on keeping Britain in a
customs union. Bob Neill, Nicky Morgan and Sarah Wollaston are among
those backing the motion, which urges
the Government to “include as an objective in negotiations... the establishment of an effective customs union”.
Ministers have said that the vote is
“meaningless” because it is not binding. As a result, Tory MPs will not be
whipped into attending the vote.
David Davis, the Brexit Secretary,
yesterday said he would have personally “failed” if the UK has to stay in a
customs union after Brexit.
He also suggested that the EU was
posturing when it last week ruled out
Britain’s solutions over the Irish border
as he insisted Brussels was simply setting out “opening positions” for nego-
tiations. He told the Brexit select
committee: “I do not expect the solution to be an extension of the customs
union. I would view that on my part as
a failure.”
Andrea Leadsom, the Leader of the
Commons, told BBC Radio 5 Live:
“With regards to being in a customs
union, once you leave the European
Union – if you stay in the customs union – you cannot negotiate your own
free trade agreements.
“Genuinely, I cannot understand
why anybody accepts leaving the EU
but staying in the customs union.
That’s the worst of all worlds.”
In the Commons, Mrs May said: “In
voting to leave the European Union
‘You might as well have
a Corbyn government
pursuing openly its
anti-Unionist policies’
[British people] voted to leave the single market and the customs union.”
Mr Davis left open the possibility
that Mrs May could be forced to return
to Brussels to seek a new Brexit deal if
MPs reject her original offer.
He admitted that a Commons resolution to approve the Brexit deal could be
amended by MPs, amid concerns
among Brexiteers that pro-European
Tory MPs could join forces with Labour
to keep Britain in the customs union.
Mr Davis told the Brexit select committee that the “meaningful vote” on a
resolution to approve the Brexit deal
could be amended. “If you can tell me
how to write an unamendable motion,
I will take a tutorial,” he said.
Mrs May delayed a Cabinet debate
over Britain’s future relationship with
the EU until next week. The Brexit war
cabinet met yesterday but did not discuss the options for a customs relationship with the EU after Brexit.
Boris Johnson, David Davis, Michael
Gove and Liam Fox are opposed to
plans for a customs partnership, which
would see Britain collect tariffs from
imports on behalf of the EU. They believe it is unworkable and could see the
UK stay in the customs union, limiting
opportunities to make free-trade deals.
Allister Heath: Page 18
STEFAN ROUSSEAU/PA WIRE
Party will vote against
Tories if Northern Ireland
forced to stay in single
market or customs union
Why insist upon more than 90 minutes of Davis’s Brexit waffle when 30
Sketch
h
By Michael Deacon
T
hey hadn’t even started talking
about Brexit and already they
were at each other’s throats.
“My department is under high
time-pressure,” said David Davis, as he
took his seat before the Brexit select
committee. “I’ve got to limit this to an
hour and a half. My next meeting is
very, very important to me.”
Hilary Benn, the committee’s
chairman, peered at the Brexit
Secretary with a look of owlish
disdain. Mr Davis’s clear implication
– that, unlike his next meeting, this
hearing was not “very, very
important” – did not appear to impress
Mr Benn.
“I don’t think that will really do,” he
snapped. “Part of your responsibilities
is to appear in front of this committee.
We’ve all got other meetings. I don’t
think an hour and a half is satisfactory.”
And so it went on. Mr Davis retorted
to Mr Benn’s retort. Mr Benn retorted
to Mr Davis’s retort to his retort.
Between them, they managed to use
up the first three minutes of the 90
just in arguing about whether 90 was
long enough.
By the end of the argument, of
course, it was irrelevant, because they
no longer had 90 minutes. They had
about 87.
Personally, I couldn’t see why Mr
Benn was kicking up such a fuss. After
all, Mr Davis’s answers at these
hearings were invariably so waffly and
unenlightening, you’d think that, if
anything, Mr Benn would be
demanding less time with him, not
more. The argument should really
‘Part of your responsibilities
is to appear in front of this
committee. We’ve all got
other meetings’
have gone as follows ….
Davis: “I’ve got to limit this to an
hour and a half.”
Benn: “I’m sorry, Secretary of State,
but that really isn’t satisfactory. We’ll
listen to you for 20 minutes,
maximum.”
Davis: “Come on, Mr Chairman.
That’s completely unreasonable.
Think of all the important issues you
could hear my views on. An hour, at
least.”
Benn: “Twenty-five minutes, and
not a second more.”
Davis: “Forty-five.”
Benn: “Right. Compromise. We’ll
give you half an hour, but while you’re
talking, the committee is allowed to
BBC may pay star presenters’ In tomorrow’s Arts section
tax bills after HMRC mix-up
By Anita Singh
THE BBC has made hardship payments
to presenters facing large tax bills after
they were forced to form companies to
be paid, MPs were told yesterday.
Anne Bulford, the deputy director
general, told the Commons public
accounts committee the BBC had given
loans and advances to a number of people facing financial difficulty after their
tax arrangements changed. “We think
it is the right thing to do,” she said.
The presenters had to form companies so they could be treated as freelancers, but moved last year to a PAYE
system. “For some people, especially
some lower paid presenters, that represents a very big challenge because the
cash flow is different,” Ms Bulford said.
The disclosure came after another
Commons committee was told last
month how presenters were pushed by
the BBC into setting up personal
service companies, leaving them without holiday and sick pay, and pension
contributions. They subsequently faced
large bills for unpaid taxes when the
arrangements fell foul of the taxman.
Lord Hall, BBC director general, said
the problems, affecting mainly radio
and news presenters, were in part the
consequence of a series of changes by
HMRC. “This has caused a great deal of
anger among our frontline presenters,
mainly in radio and in news,” he said.
“In some cases it has caused hardship. If there are hardship cases we
have made it clear we want to deal with
those as a priority. My sympathies are
with the people on the raw end of this.”
Ms Bulford did not rule out the prospect that the BBC would end up paying
the back taxes of some affected staff.
She also denied allegations in the
Daily Mail that Capita, the firm collecting TV licence fees, was offering cash
incentives to maximise prosecutions.
answer correspondence, conduct
private conversations and play Candy
Crush Saga on their iPads. I personally
shall be reading a book about otters.
I’m just in the middle of an extremely
interesting chapter on their
prevalence in Japanese folklore. Deal?”
Eventually the questioning began.
Having put the tiff with Mr Benn
behind him, Mr Davis reverted to his
usual breeziness, waving his glasses
around and occasionally chuckling to
himself as if he’d just been reminded
of an amusing story that was much too
rude to share with the room. The
Tories call police
over doubling of
postal vote requests
Under his eye...
Why The
Handmaid’s Tale
is back for more
By Steven Swinford
SCOTLAND Yard is investigating more
than 60 allegations of voting malpractice in London ahead of local elections.
Eleven cases have been reported to
police in Hammersmith and Fulham by
the Conservatives, including some
where residents said they were given
postal votes they had not requested.
Others believe they were tricked
into applying for a postal vote, including one who said she thought she was
signing a petition about a hospital.
It comes amid a surge in people applying for postal votes in some marginal wards in the Labour-run borough.
The Conservatives allege that registrations have doubled in some wards.
A Labour spokesman said: “This is a
baseless allegation and a desperate,
politically-motivated attempt by a Tory
MP to use the police to grab a headline
during a closely fought campaign.”
Government ‘knew two years ago’ about Windrush deportations
By Kate McCann
SENIOR POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT
THE HOME Office and Downing Street
knew two years ago about concerns
over Windrush migrants facing
deportation, it was claimed last night.
The Government in Barbados raised
concerns with the Foreign Office when
Philip Hammond was in charge in April
2016 amid fears that some migrants
were facing deportation to Caribbean
countries despite having lived in the UK
for most of their lives. It is not clear at
what level the concerns were raised or
whether Theresa May, the then Home
Secretary or PM David Cameron were
personally aware, but a report about the
issues was passed to the Home Office,
according to the BBC.
Amber Rudd, the Home Secretary, revealed yesterday she had been aware of
cases involving Windrush migrants,
who came to the UK legally before 1973
but who have not previously been asked
to prove their right to stay. But she said
she had only realised recently that the
problem was systemic.
Ms Rudd told the home affairs select
committee yesterday: “I bitterly, deeply
regret that I didn’t see it as more than
individual cases that had gone wrong
that needed addressing. I didn’t see it as
a systemic issue until very recently.”
Ms Rudd revealed 1,300 people have
called the special hotline set up to help
the Windrush generation, following
claims some had been asked to leave or
threatened with deportation. Of those,
600 people have received a call back, 91
appointments have been made and 23
documents issued. A further 2,500 calls
were related to non-Windrush cases.
She also told MPs that 7,000 out of
around 8,000 records dating back to
2002 had been checked, with no wrongful removals discovered so far, but that
more work has to be done to determine
how many people may have been detained. It has emerged that ministers in
the Conservative Government had been
made aware years ago about the prob-
lems. Labour MP David Lammy said he
received a letter from Damian Green,
the former immigration minister, in
2011 dismissing the case of one of his
constituents from the Windrush generation stating his right to remain in the
UK was “not clear”.
The case has not been resolved. Ms
Rudd was also accused of setting targets
for deporting illegal immigrants from
the UK. She told the committee of MPs
she was not aware of the targets, which
union bosses claim have been handed to
regional immigration centres as a way of
raising the number of people removed.
Ms Rudd said she had asked for more
removals of individuals with no right to
be in the UK to take place, but was not
familiar with suggestions that staff have
to deport set numbers per year.
She also backed the so-called hostile
environment policy, designed to make
it more difficult for people without the
right to live in the UK to rent or buy a
home or use the NHS, despite calls for it
to be scrapped.
***
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 26 April 2018
5
News
Smeeth and her ‘shield’ run gauntlet to
testify over anti-Semitism allegation
By Harry Yorke
POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT
SHE had been advised to “slip in
through the back entrance” to avoid
angry members of the far-Left lying in
wait for her, such is the level of abuse
that Jewish Labour MPs can now
expect for taking a stand against antiSemitism in their party.
Ruth Smeeth refused to be cowed,
insisting on using the front door as she
attended a disciplinary hearing to give
evidence against a Labour activist
alleged to have abused her.
However, in a month when Labour
MPs have spoken of death threats, rape
threats and dead birds sent to them in
the post, her colleagues decided she
should not take any chances.
As Ms Smeeth walked from Parliament to the hearing of Labour’s
National Constitutional Committee at a
nearby conference venue, up to 40
Labour MPs and peers formed a human
shield to protect her as she ran the
gauntlet.
The sight of prominent Labour
names such as Luciana Berger, Jess
Ruth Smeeth, centre in red, is shielded by
40 colleagues as she arrives at the hearing
seconds will do?
‘We’re not
winging it
– merely
having to
cope with
changes as
we go along’
committee asked questions on
numerous topics, including the Irish
border issue, but gleaned little that
was new.
Jonathan Djanogly (Con,
Huntingdon) wondered whether
ministers were “winging it”. Mr Davis
assured him that they weren’t; they
were merely “having to cope with
changes as we go along”.
At 10.50am he hurried off to his
important meeting. “I trust,” said Mr
Benn, “that on the next occasion there
will be adequate time.”
About 30 seconds should do it.
‘Labour should expel
Livingstone for good’
By Kate McCann SENIOR
POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT
ONE OF Jeremy Corbyn’s
shadow cabinet colleagues
has urged him to kick Ken
Livingstone out of the party
over allegations of anti-Semitism.
Nia Griffith, the shadow
defence secretary, said the
former London mayor should
be banned after he claimed
Hitler supported Zionism.
Mr Livingstone has since repeated the remarks and is
suspended from the party for
bringing it into disrepute.
Speaking at an event organised by Progress, a moderate Labour movement, Ms
Griffith said: “I definitely
think he should be kicked
out. I think there’s an issue
about whether you can make
amends and change, and I’ve
got no evidence that he’s in
any way apologetic.”
She added that the response to his expulsion
would be forgotten in a few
days, adding: “He’s not the
big name that he probably
likes to think he still is.”
Mr Livingstone has said it
would be wrong to exclude
him permanently, telling reporters: “If I’d said Hitler
was a Zionist, I would say
sorry. You can’t apologise for
telling the truth. I apologise
for the offence caused by
those Labour MPs who lied.”
Mr Corbyn’s spokesman
said yesterday that due process will be followed, as the
party vowed to tackle the
case by July.
Irish border warning letter leak
BRITISH plans to avoid a
hard border in Northern Ireland would create a significant “back door risk” for the
EU, senior civil servants
warned as long ago as August, a leaked letter reveals.
The warning was issued
to Olly Robbins, the UK’s
chief Brexit negotiator, in a
letter by David Sterling,
head of Northern Ireland’s
Civil Service, a week after
the UK customs paper. Mr
Sterling raised concerns
about their workability and
they were swiftly dismissed
at the time as “magical thinking” by EU negotiators.
Last week The Daily Telegraph revealed senior EU officials had comprehensively
rejected the proposals. The
disclosure sent alarm bells
ringing – Stephen Kelly, the
chief executive of Manufacturing NI, said it betrayed a
lack of understanding in
Whitehall about the complexity of the border issue.
Phillips and Lord Dubs acting as minders for Ms Smeeth provided the most
graphic illustration to date of the poisonous divide that is threatening to
engulf Jeremy Corbyn’s party.
Wes Streeting, the Labour MP,
described it as “an appalling state of
affairs”.
Ms Smeeth was there to give evidence against Marc Wadsworth, a suspended party member who, two years
ago, stood up in the middle of a press
conference on Labour anti-Semitism
and accused Ms Smeeth of “working
hand in hand” with the media to undermine Mr Corbyn.
The exchange, which took place at
the launch of Labour’s Chakrabarti
report in 2016, resulted in Ms Smeeth
leaving the press conference in tears.
As she arrived for the hearing, Ms
Smeeth found two dozen demonstrators from Labour Against the WitchHunt – a far-Left fringe group – waiting
for her.
Waving banners saying “Hands off
Marc Wadsworth” and “Stop the
Labour purge”, the protesters jeered
and shouted over Ms Smeeth and her
colleagues as they attempted to speak
to reporters gathered outside.
They were joined by Tony Green-
Marc Wadsworth A controversial activist
Through his
work as an
anti-racism
activist, Marc
Wadsworth has
gained a
considerable
following inside
Labour.
wever, his
However,
viewss have often
ed
courted
oversy.
controversy.
In 2012, when
e Abbott
Diane
faced calls to
n from
resign
abour
the Labour
front bench
for
ing
claiming
that
te
“white
le love to
people
play divide
ule”, Mr
and rule”,
sworth
Wadsworth
nded the
defended
tion.
assertion.
“Can a black
person be
racist?” he said.
“That is a social
scientific view
– that it’s about
power. Black
people don’t
have the same
power in society
as white people.”
In
recent
years,
he is
believed to have
served as a
committee
member of
Momentum
Black
ConneXions,
believed to be a
subsection of
the main
Momentu
Momentum
organisa
organisation.
Following his
Follow
clash with
wit Ms
Smeeth iin 2016,
he refused
refuse to
apologis
apologise and
said “her
stormin off
storming
was an act of
politic
politically
motiv
motivated
histri
histrionics”.
Mr
Wads
Wadsworth
claim
claims he did
not re
realise
Ms Sm
Smeeth
was J
Jewish.
stein, an anti-Israel campaigner who
was ousted from Labour earlier this
year for reportedly abusive online
behaviour. Stepping aside from the
protest, Mr Greenstein wagged his finger at a television camera and declared:
“Israel should cease to exist. It is an
apartheid state. The people should live
there but the state should go.”
Others used the opportunity to
attack Ms Smeeth’s character, with
one, a black rights activist, saying she
was a paid agent of US intelligence
agencies and part of a conspiracy.
Another accused Ms Smeeth of using
her “privilege” to bring the charges
against Mr Wadsworth.
Meanwhile, tempers among Ms
Smeeth’s allies boiled over when it
emerged that, unbeknown to them,
Chris Williamson, a fellow Labour MP,
had already arrived at the venue to give
evidence in support of Mr Wadsworth.
Before the hearing began, Mr Wadsworth said: “I’m confident, as I’m not
guilty. Based on the facts, this hearing,
if it’s fair, I will be exonerated. I’m totally and utterly opposed to anti-Semitism, to all forms of bigotry, including
anti-black racism and Islamophobia.”
The hearing is expected to reach a
decision today
6
**
Thursday 26 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
News
By Henry Bodkin and Patrick Scott
BRITAIN’S childhood obesity crisis is
now so grave that more than 50 per
cent of children are overweight or
obese upon leaving primary school in
some areas, new figures show.
Camberwell Green in south London
was yesterday revealed as the first
neighbourhood where more children
have a BMI of 25 or above than are
healthy, according to Public Health
England.
The ward, which saw a seven per
cent increase in the number of takeaway outlets between 2014 and 2017,
ranks alongside eight others in London
that make up in the top ten worst areas
in the country.
The data was published as Theresa
May promised further government action if current strategies fail to turn the
situation around.
She spoke after facing calls from opposition parties, coordinated by Jamie
Oliver, to introduce a 9pm watershed
for junk food advertising on television,
as well as controls on streetside advertising and on public transport.
The latest figures, which were collated via the National Child Measurement Programme, showed 50.9 per
cent of Year 6 children in Camberwell
Green are overweight or obese, with
Newington the second worst area in
England at 49.7 per cent.
Last night, Britain’s top child doctor
called on local councils to take advantage of planning laws “urgently” to improve the food environment.
Prof Russell Viner, president of the
Royal College of Paediatrics and Child
Health, said: “There looks to be a link
between how obesogenic an environment is and deprivation, with unhealthy food often the cheapest.
“Boroughs in the worst areas urgently need to sort out their food envi-
Worst and
best areas
% excess
weight (Year
6) pupils
Worst
50.9
Camberwell
Green,
Southwark
49.7
49.7
Newington,
Southwark
Hoxton West,
Hackney
Best
13.7
Harpenden
West,
St Albans
13.8
Bathwick,
Bath and North
East Somerset
11.6
Godalming,
Charterhouse
Waverley
ronment.” His comments came a week
after the college called for a ban on fast
food outlets opening within 400 metres of a school
Of the 10 best local areas for Year 6
measurements, where overweight and
obese rates ranged from 11.6 to 14.9 per
cent, three were in well-off areas of
Surrey and another four were in Bath
and North East Somerset.
The Prime Minister is coming under
increasing pressure to strengthen
measures aimed at tackling childhood
obesity.
Yesterday, a joint letter from opposition leaders called for 13 new measures,
including a ban on buy-one-get-onefree junk food deals.
Jamie Oliver, who coordinated the
letter, said: “If kids are constantly being targeted with cheap, easily accessible, unhealthy junk food, just think
how hard it must be to make better,
healthier choices.
“We have to make it easier for children to make good decisions. These
ads undermine any positive work we’re
doing in schools or at home to tackle
the rise of childhood obesity.
“Currently, there’s nothing in place
to protect our kids from seeing these
adverts – apart from literally covering
their eyes!”
Mrs May described the Government’s plans to tackle childhood obesity as “world-leading”, pointing to
efforts to reduce the levels of sugar
eaten by people and to guarantee exercise for primary schoolchildren.
“Our soft drinks industry levy –
that’s bold action we’re taking,” she
said during Prime Minister’s Questions. “Our sugar reduction programme is going to cut the amounts of
sugar consumed by young people. And
of course we’re putting in plans in relation to the amount of exercise that primary schoolchildren get every day.”
BOULTBEE FLIGHT ACADEMY/SWNS
Primary school has
highlighted the huge
scale of obesity crisis
Wing and a prayer A hillside marriage proposal by dairy farmer Benjamin Wolfe to veterinary nurse Lacey
Jordan was spotted from a Second World War Spitfire over the South Downs National Park. She said: “I do”.
£1 schoolkids deal in Camberwell Green – three chicken wings and fries
Special report
By Yohannes Lowe and Henry Bodkin
WITH its £1 “school kids offer” –
which buys three wings and a portion
of fries – it’s not hard to see why the
children of Camberwell Green flock to
one chicken shop after school.
The fast food outlet is one of more
than 25 on or near the intersection
which gives the neighbourhood its
name, and where many pupils of the
four nearby primary schools wait for
their bus to go home.
Yesterday afternoon, blissfully
unaware of their new role in Britain’s
dire obesity story, dozens could be
seen devouring their fatty meals. Serge
Cafai, head teacher at the local Sacred
Heart Catholic [secondary] School,
was scathing. “There are two or three
chicken shops right near the school
and they don’t care how fat the kids
are,” he told The Daily Telegraph.
Temptation is everywhere. A survey
undertaken by Southwark council last
year indicated there were 400
takeaways in the borough, a seven per
cent increase since 2014.
This helps explain how the ward of
Camberwell Green is now the first in
the country with more children
leaving primary school aged 11
overweight or obese than are healthy:
50.9 per cent.
A staff member at the chicken shop,
who refused to be named, said the £1
deal was working wonders.
“Sometimes we have 20 or more
children in here,” she said. “This is
their favourite offer.”
The Southwark borough sees 43 per
cent of parents treating their children
to a takeaway at least once a week, a
previous Public Health England
survey revealed. A total of 11 per cent
of parents admitted their children
were most likely to eat fast food on
their way home from school.
At another local fast-food shop,
Charlene Francis, 54, the assistant
manager, said: “We have dozens of
children who come in after school who
have saved their lunch money and
spend £3 or £4 for some patties.
“Lots of parents are coming in for an
after-school meal quite regularly, so I
am not surprised that Southwark kids
are the fattest.”
Long-term antidepressant use
linked to higher dementia risk
By Henry Bodkin
ANTIDEPRESSANTS may significantly
increase the risk of developing dementia, experts have warned.
A study published in The British
Medical Journal found a “robust link”
between the degenerative disease and
the medication, even when taken up to
20 years before a diagnosis. It suggests
some patients with long-term exposure
to the drugs could face a 30 per cent increased chance of dementia.
Researchers warned that there may
be 20,000 people suffering from dementia as a result of taking the medication, part of a wider group called
anti-cholinergics, also prescribed for
bladder conditions and Parkinson’s disease.
The Government medicines safety
regulator said it was scrutinising the
findings and last night leading medics
called on colleagues to consider alternative prescriptions, but cautioned patients not to abandon the drugs before
consulting their doctor. The antidepressants most implicated by the study
include amitriptyline, dosulepin and
paroxetine.
Dementia risk was also associated
with the bladder drugs tolterodine,
oxybutynin and solifenacin, as well as
the Parkinson’s drug procyclidine. It is
believed nearly 2 million people in
20,000
The number of people who may be
suffering from dementia as a result of
taking the drugs, according to the study
England take these and similar drugs.
Anticholinergics target a part of the
nervous system affecting learning and
memory, as well as the heart, eye,
stomach, mouth and bladder. Scientists
at the University of East Anglia (UEA)
and Aston University studied approxi-
NHS drugs spending rising
five times faster than funding
By Laura Donnelly HealtH editor
NHS spending on drugs is rising at five
times the rate its budget is rising, leading to funding pressures that could see
access to medications threatened, a
think tank has warned.
The King’s Fund said increased prescribing of cheap drugs such as statins,
and less common but expensive cancer
treatments had seen spending on drugs
soar from £13 billion in 2010-11 to
£17.4 billion in 2016-17. The rise – an average growth of 5 per cent a year – contrasts with an average rise of 1 per cent
to the NHS budget over the period.
The think tank said attempts to cut
the bill, such as restrictions on drugs
costing the NHS more than £20 million
a year, could see the health service “returning to the Nineties”, with patients
increasingly denied access to drugs.
It came as an independent review by
Lord Darzi, the former health minister,
warned that by 2030 the NHS would
need more than £50 billion extra a
year, to meet expected demand. This
would see funding rise from its current
£123 billion a year to £173 billion by
2030 – around £4 billion extra a year.
The report, commissioned by the In-
stitute for Public Policy Research, said
social care services would need an extra £10 billion a year by 2030 to cope
with rising demand, warning that even
these sums would require a major
boost in productivity.
The Prime Minister is expected to
announce a funding increase for the
NHS later this year, as part of a longterm funding plan. A Green Paper on
social care will set out options to
pay for care of the elderly, which the
Health Secretary said would include a
“cap” on costs.
Lord Darzi said the health service
had endured the most austere decade
in its history and was in “financial distress”. “While the prospect of a longterm funding settlement is welcome, it
is vital that it delivers enough money to
meet the demands of the decade ahead.
Funding the NHS while social care falls
over is not an option,” he said.
Lord Prior, the former Tory health
minister and vice-chairman of the review, urged the Government to take
heed of the report. “Health and social
care is facing a perfect storm, with the
needs of a growing and ageing population rising faster than the available resources,” he said.
mately 27 million prescriptions from
more than 324,000 NHS patients, going back 20 years.
Chris Fox, one of the authors, a professor of clinical psychiatry at UEA’s
Norwich Medical School, said the study
revealed a “potentially important risk”.
“Doctors and patients should therefore be vigilant about using anticholinergic medications,” he said.
“They need to consider the risk of
long-term cognitive effects, as well as
short-term effects associated with specific drugs when weighing up risks and
benefits.”
Professor Clive Ballard, a professor
of age-related diseases at University of
Exeter Medical School, said: “The important thing is that even individual
drugs which only have a very modest
anticholinergic effects, when taken in
combination with other drugs, can lead
to a combined anticholinergic burden
that may have a significant impact on
cognition, highlighting the importance
of care medication review.”
Older people not
offered enough
bereavement help
By Olivia Rudgard
Social affairS correSpondent
ELDERLY people are not offered
enough support when their partner
dies because doctors think bereavement is a “normal” part of later life, a
report has found.
A study by charity Independent Age
found that more than a quarter of over65s who were bereaved didn’t seek any
help or support at all with their loss,
even from family or friends.
Bereavement charities also told
researchers that they least expected to
be contacted by people aged 65 and
over. They are also less likely to be
referred by their GP for “talking therapies” for depression and anxiety than
those from younger age groups.
Janet Morrison, chief executive of
Independent Age, said: “It is appalling
that older bereaved people aren’t being
offered the support and access to services that could make a huge difference.
“There needs to be a consistent
approach to offering bereavement support across the country so that older
people who need them can access services that can help them deal with
death in their own way.”
**
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 26 April 2018
7
News
EU rules on
lights ‘will cost
millions and
close theatres’
Wake-up call
English
National Ballet’s
The Sleeping
Beauty, at the
London
Coliseum,
reawakens the
classic fairytale
ballet with
Tchaikovsky’s
score, played
live by the ENB
Philharmonic.
This revival
coincides with
the recent
anniversary of
choreographer
Sir Kenneth
MacMillan’s
death and
features sets by
Peter Farmer
and costumes
by Nicholas
Georgiadis.
By Mason Boycott-Owen
and Steven Swinford
THEATRES are facing massive bills to
replace stage lighting if EU regulations
go through forcing them to switch to
expensive LEDs.
The EU is deciding whether to remove an exemption for stage lighting
from current legislation as part of an
energy-efficiency drive, forcing theatres to use LED alternatives by 2020.
Leaving the EU will offer no respite
as ministers are considering embedding the regulations into UK law, arguing it will prove cost-effective.
LED spotlights cost theatres £2,500
each, meaning replacement stage lighting for a 1,300-seat venue could exceed
£2 million. The National Theatre estimates it will cost it £8 million to bring
its lighting and equipment into line
with the regulations.
Campaigners say it could force some
theatres to close – and even adversely
affect blockbuster West End shows.
Jude Law, the actor, David Hare, the
playwright, and Derren Brown, the
magician, are among those criticising
the regulations. Hare told The Daily
Telegraph: “I am horrified by the impracticality of the EU lighting proposals, which will have the unintended
consequence of closing theatres all
over Europe.”
Sir Cameron Mackintosh, the theatre
impresario, said: “This is a serious matter for everyone in the industry as it
will affect audiences and practitioners.
A solution must be found, as the financial contribution of the Arts to the European economy is enormous.”
A petition by the Association of
Lighting Directors has attracted more
than 12,000 signatures. Lord Henley, a
business minister, said the Government was “aware” of the concerns.
Ban on boiling
lobsters alive
would ruin
taste, says chef
By Helena Horton
A CHEF at a Mayfair restaurant says
banning the boiling of lobsters alive
would spoil the taste.
David Simms said legislation proposed by Michael Gove, the Environment Secretary, would risk ruining the
quality of seafood. “No reputable chef
will cook a dead lobster,” he added.
He suggested the ban would be the
start of a slippery slope, as all shellfish
is cooked alive for taste and food safety
reasons. Mr Simms, managing director
of a restaurant owned by Richard Corrigan, the celebrity chef, said: “Shellfish has to be alive when you cook it.
When it’s dead, you’ve no idea how
long it’s been dead and toxins grow –
it’s not fresh. Crab, langoustines, oysters and scallops are all alive until you
cook them, so why is he concerned
about lobsters and nothing else? Where
does it stop?” He also said chefs would
like to see Mr Gove’s Department for
Environment, Food and Rural Affairs,
focus on “more important issues”, such
as food waste, food miles and supermarket use of plastics.
Animal rights campaigners including the RSPCA and the British Veterinary Association have campaigned for
the preparation of the shellfish to be
regulated, arguing that boiling live seafood causes them pain.
A Defra spokesman said: “We are
committed to the very highest standards of animal welfare and are taking
strong action in this area, including
raising maximum sentences for animal
cruelty to five years and making CCTV
mandatory in slaughterhouses. As the
PM has set out, we will make the UK a
world leader in the care and protection
of animals as we leave the EU.”
Editorial Comment: Page 19
Shop giants join anti-single use plastic pact
Non-recyclable 5p carrier
bags, squeezy ketchup
bottles and snap yogurt
pots face ban by 2025
By Katie Morley
CONSUMER AFFAIRS EDITOR
EVERY major supermarket in Britain
has today pledged to eradicate unnecessary single-use plastics by 2025, under a new “UK Plastics Pact”.
The agreement, organised by Wrap,
the government-backed waste charity,
is a world-leading collaborative effort
by Britain’s biggest consumer companies to tackle the scourge of plastic
waste on the environment.
It means single-use plastics will only
be allowed if they are deemed absolutely necessary and are made from recyclable materials.
Non-recyclable plastics including
single-use 5p carrier bags, squeezy
ketchup bottles, snap pots of yogurt,
and multi-bags of fruit and vegetables,
could all be banned if they cannot be
made recyclable. More than 40 firms
have promised that all the plastic packaging they produce will be reusable,
recyclable or compostable within
seven years, while two thirds will be recycled or composted, up from 45 per
cent today.
The movement’s success will depend heavily on consumers increasing
the amount of plastic the recycle at
home, however.
To ensure this happens, Wrap is
planning a major public awareness
campaign later this year.
Recycling units across the UK have
also signed the pledge and will start re-
Pressure grows on Cambridge
University over BP investments
By Hayley Dixon
CAMBRIDGE University is embroiled
in a row about academic freedom over
investments in BP which have caused
uproar among staff, including the Government’s former climate change tsar.
The boss of BP was accused of issuing an “outrageous threat” to the university – which is reviewing whether to
keep part of its £6.3 billion endowment
fund invested in fossil fuels – amid
pressure from staff and students.
Bob Dudley, the BP chief executive,
came under fire after telling an industry conference: “We donate and do a lot
of research at Cambridge so I hope they
come to their senses.”
His comments reignited the row a
week after 350 academics including
Prof Sir David King, formerly Britain’s
special representative for climate
change, and Prof Sir Thomas Blundell,
the former president of the UK Science
Council, wrote an open letter to Cambridge calling on it to “immediately
freeze any new investments in fossil
fuel companies, and to divest from direct ownership and any commingled
funds”.
Cambridge University has repeatedly clashed with academics and students over its investments in fossil
350
The number of academics who signed a
letter calling on Cambridge University to
cut its investments in fossil fuel companies
fuels, part of the largest endowment
fund in the UK, partly due to concerns
over research funding. BP, ExxonMobil
and Shell have all donated money to
the university and it has said in the past
that it needs to consider the “consequences of any divestment”.
Activists in the Cambridge Zero Carbon Society said Mr Dudley’s com-
ments meant that “Cambridge’s
academic independence is under
threat”. They added: “If the university
is unable to divest its endowment in
line with the democratic wishes of students and staff due to these threats,
then there is no longer academic independence at Cambridge.”
BP denied that Mr Dudley’s comments represented a threat. A spokesman said: “BP has long worked closely
with the University of Cambridge – and
we don’t expect this to change. One
should not infer from Bob’s comments
that he was in anyway linking our support of Cambridge with the university’s
decision on whether or not to divest
from the oil and gas industry.”
Cambridge Zero Carbon Society responded by saying that if it was not an
attempt at “blackmail”, then “the last of
university management’s justifications
for inaction is null and void. Do they
have any actual reason for trampling
on democracy other than not wanting
to upset their corporate pals?”
ROYAL MAIL/PA WIRE
Japanese knotweed
is indestructible,
find researchers
Fly-posting A set of ten postage stamps featuring five
species of owls – barn, little, tawny, short-eared and
long-eared – is being issued by the Royal Mail.
THERE is no way to get rid of Japanese
knotweed, a major trial of 19 methods
over three years has concluded.
Researchers from Swansea University conducted the world’s biggest
study into the weed at sites in Taff ’s
Well, near Cardiff, and in Swansea.
But despite using various chemical
solutions, physical projects and a mixture of both, scientists found no definite ways of killing the invasive plant
completely using current methods.
Prof Dan Eastwood said: “We began
focusing on knotweed at a time when
there was a great deal of hysteria surrounding it. At the time, most information was largely based on anecdote.
This led to the prospect of unscrupulous companies offering expensive and
ineffective treatment.”
Dr Dan Jones, founder of a consultancy that solves complex and invasive
plant problems, said: “Off the first three
years of data, we’ve found that eradication is not possible. Hopefully in the
long term we may move towards that
by using new chemicals.”
Dr Jones said the best chemical to
control the knotweed was glyphosate –
but the herbicide is feared to pose a
risk to wildlife.
cycling a wider variety of plastics that
currently go to landfill.
Over the next seven years, supermarkets will stop using “unnecessary”
plastic packaging, such as multi-packs
of fruit and vegetables, which are expected to be ditched in favour of loose.
Black plastic trays commonly used
for ready meals are also expected to be
phased out or modified, as well as nonrecyclable plastic wraps on items such
as yogurts, juices, herbs and flowers.
The move could also spell the end of
squeezy bottles of ketchup and mayonnaise, as the silicone component can
contaminate other recycling. An “alternative solution” would need to be
found, Wrap said. Snap pots of yogurts,
beans and other foods are also under
threat as a result of the pledge, as the
polystyrene used to make them is not
always recyclable.
The move is a world first, with other
countries expected to follow the UK’s
lead in the coming years. Firms that
have signed up will be monitored regularly by Wrap to ensure they are making progress, but Wrap said it would
not publicly name and shame companies failing to keep to their promise.
Major food brands including Nestlé,
Coca-Cola, Bird’s Eye, Britvic and Arla
also pledged to eradicate unnecessary
single-use plastic and will radically
change their packaging as a result.
Michael Gove, the Environment Secretary, said: “I am delighted to see so
many businesses sign up to this pact
and I hope others will soon follow suit.”
Marcus Gover, the chief executive of
Wrap, said: “Together, we have a oncein-a-lifetime opportunity to rethink
and reshape the future of plastic so that
we retain its value, and curtail the damage plastic waste wreaks on our planet.”
8
***
Thursday 26 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
News
Online trolls who target judges ‘should be prosecuted’
By Olivia Rudgard
SOCIAL AFFAIRS CORRESPONDENT
PEOPLE who hurl abuse at judges on
social media should be prosecuted, the
Lord Chief Justice has suggested.
Lord Burnett of Maldon said putting
“trolls” on trial “should be looked at”,
despite the difficulty of establishing
their identity. Lord Burnett told the
Lords Constitution Committee that
abuse “hurled at judges in the courtroom” was often shrugged off, but in
persistent cases the law of contempt
“should be explored more fully”. Responding to a question from Lord Pannick QC, a leading barrister, about
using contempt of court laws to prosecute trolls, the head of the judiciary
said: “The problem with much of the
social media type abuse is that it’s impossible immediately to identify who
the abuser is.
“Inevitably, if it’s come through one
of the ordinary social media platforms,
it’s often anonymised.
“I’m afraid I don’t know how easy it
is to discover identities behind pseudonyms. But it’s certainly something that
should be looked at.
“You will appreciate that occasionally the police do become involved and
they do take action and also, regrettably, it’s been necessary on behalf of a
handful of judges to take civil action in
our courts, to obtain appropriate orders restraining people from doing
things which are quite inappropriate.”
He said the abuse was “capable of
Vietnamese woman raped,
tortured and killed by men
who had murdered before
William McFall, top,
and Stephen Unwin,
both convicted
murderers, were
given whole-life
sentences at
Newcastle Crown
Court for the
murder of Quyen
Ngoc Nguyen, right
‘We cannot comprehend
how men like this can
live freely in this country … they are evil’
ruthless killer [and] William John McFall, you are an extremely violent man
capable of monstrous behaviour.
“It is against this background that I
have considered whether the circumstances of this murder are such that it is
one of those exceptional cases where
its seriousness is of such a magnitude
so as to require the making of a wholelife order. In my judgment, they are.
“You have both murdered before. On
this occasion you did so in a coldblooded and callous manner having
lulled your victim into a trap. She suffered an unimaginable ordeal.
“Both during and after that ordeal,
the two of you casually went about
your everyday tasks, chillingly devoid
of any human empathy.”
wide reputation of British justice.
“Judicial recruitment, in my view,
poses a threat to our ability to discharge the business of the courts effectively.”
In 2017, six out of 14 High Court vacancies were left unfilled. Yesterday,
the Ministry of Justice announced a
scheme to encourage more women,
black, ethnic minority and disabled
people to become judges. The programme offers help and access to discussions led by judges.
By Martin Evans
CRIME CORRESPONDENT
NORTHUMBRIA POLICE
THE sister of a woman who was tortured and murdered by two convicted
killers told a court her sister believed
Britain was a safe country, and that she
could not understand how they were
freed on licence.
Stephen Unwin, 40, and William
McFall, 51, murdered Quyen Ngoc
Nguyen, a Vietnamese nail technician,
after a four-hour ordeal and then
dumped her body in her car before
torching it last August. They were both
handed whole-life jail terms yesterday.
Ms Nguyen had been lured to
Unwin’s home in Shiney Row, near
Sunderland, where McFall lay in wait,
Newcastle Crown Court heard. Unwin
went on to rape the 28-year-old, who
was just 5ft and weighed seven stone.
Quynh Ngoc Nguyen, 35, the victim’s
sister, read a victim statement, saying:
“We cannot comprehend how men like
this can live freely in this country.
“My sister believed, as I did, that you
came to this country for a safer life,
with better opportunities for herself
and her children.”
She said their parents and her sister’s
two children had been left heartbroken
by the actions of the murderers.
“They did not act like human beings,
they are evil,” she said.
Unwin had a history of setting fires
to destroy evidence at the scenes of his
crimes.
He battered a pensioner to death
while breaking-in to his home on
Christmas Day 1998, and the fire he
started to cover his tracks meant the
victim could only be identified by his
some jurisdictions, they may be asking
themselves: ‘Why should I put myself
through what might happen?’”
He added that judges on tribunals
and in the family courts were particularly likely to receive online abuse.
Raising judicial morale was one of
Lord Burnett’s stated aims when he became Lord Chief Justice last October.
In December, he called for people to
recognise that “judges are human”. He
told the Lords that the recruitment crisis threatened to undermine the world-
Was victim
shot in revenge
for testifying
against gang?
medical records. Unwin admitted murder, was sentenced to life and was
released on licence in December 2012.
He met McFall in the prison system,
where he was also serving life for murdering a pensioner.
McFall attacked his victim with a hammer after she disturbed him while breaking into her home in Carrickfergus in
May 1996. He was jailed for life then
released on licence in October 2010.
Sentencing the two men, Mr Justice
Morris, who was interrupted by McFall
throughout, said: “Stephen Unwin, you
are a calculating, manipulative and
By Daily Telegraph Reporter
undermining the rule of law because it
erodes confidence in an institution
which doesn’t deserve to have its confidence eroded”.
The Lord Chief Justice said the abuse
was contributing to the lack of applicants for senior positions. “There is no
doubt that it is dispiriting and sometimes genuinely frightening for our
judges. It is a factor which inevitably
may play into the recruitment of
judges,” he said. “Put crudely, if people
are thinking of applying, particularly in
POLICE are investigating whether a
man shot dead outside his home last
month was murdered in revenge for
helping to bring a gang of rapists to justice.
Abraham Badru, 26, received a bravery award from the Metropolitan Police
in 2009, after he helped intervene to
stop a girl being gang raped and then
gave evidence against her attackers.
He was gunned down in Hackney,
east London, on March 25, as he opened
the boot of his car to look for a drink.
His devastated mother, Ronke
Badru, has said she believes the killing
was an act of revenge and police have
said it is one line of inquiry.
Mr Badru was just 14 when he witnessed the attack at a party in 2007,
and intervened to help the victim.
He was threatened by the culprits
and his home was pelted with eggs, but
he went on to give evidence in court
and nine people were convicted, one of
whom was jailed for life.
Police say his killer, who may have
been lying in wait, was riding a white
bike. He is believed to have emerged
from an alleyway, shot Mr Badru twice
and then escaped down another alleyway.
Detective Chief Inspector Noel
McHugh said: “Abraham was an ambitious and talented young man who had
everything to live for. He did not deserve what happened to him and his
family do not deserve the torment they
are suffering now.”
Officers want to trace four people
who were near the scene.
***
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 26 April 2018
9
News
Cancer myths
growing in the
internet age
STEVE PARSONS/PA WIRE
By Laura Donnelly HEALTH EDITOR
Flying the flag The Queen, Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal Tank Regiment, after presenting the regiment with a new standard in St George’s Hall at Windsor
Castle yesterday. The Queen hosted officers, soldiers and their partners in the castle and told them their “reputation for hard work and ingenuity endures”
ALMOST half of people mistakenly believe that stress causes cancer, a charity
has warned.
Cancer Research UK said that fake
news on the internet appears to be
fuelling a rise in incorrect beliefs,
“mythical” causes such as stress, food
additives, eating GM foods and using
mobile phones and microwave ovens,
despite a lack of good scientific evidence linking them to the disease.
Meanwhile, the survey found poor
awareness of known cancer risk factors
such as obesity, eating red or processed
meat or drinking alcohol.
Experts from University College
London and Leeds University said that
the public’s endorsement of mythical
cancer causes has risen over the last
decade – which might be due to more
information being accessed through
the internet and social media.
Researchers asked 1,330 people in
England how much they agreed items
on a list – which included known risk
factors and “mythical” factors – can increase a chance of developing cancer.
The study, published in the European Journal of Cancer, found that 43
per cent thought that stress caused
cancer, while 42 per cent thought food
additives were a risk factor.
One quarter believed that using a
mobile phone was a risk factor.
Dr Samuel Smith, from the University of Leeds, said: “It’s worrying to see
so many people endorse risk factors
when there is no convincing evidence.”
Clare Hyde, from Cancer Research
UK, said: “Around four in 10 cancer
cases could be prevented through lifestyle changes so it’s crucial we have the
right information.”
Your dog can’t get autism, vets tell anti-vaccine owners
British experts debunk
myth that jabs can make
pets ‘autistic’ as levels of
inoculation decline
By Alastair Choy
DOGS cannot get “autism”, the British
Veterinary Association has declared in
response to the rise in owners embracing the anti-vaccine movement.
Campaigners have claimed that
human immunisations have harmful
side effects and may be the cause of
autism in children – beliefs widely
debunked by the medical community.
However, the theory is increasingly
being applied to pets, particularly in
the United States, and there are fears it
is spreading to the UK and could cause
already low vaccination rates to fall.
“We are aware of an increase in antivaccination pet owners in the US who
have voiced concerns that vaccinations
may lead to their dogs developing
autism-like behaviour,” the BVA said.
“But there is currently no scientific evidence to suggest [the existence of ]
autism in dogs or a link between vaccination and autism.”
It added: “All medicines have potential side effects but in the case of vaccines these are rare and the benefits in
protecting against disease far outweigh
the potential for adverse reaction.”
Gudrun Ravetz, BVA senior vicepresident, said: “Vaccinations save
lives and are an important tool in keeping our pets healthy.
“We know from the example of the
MMR [measles, mumps and rubella]
vaccine and its now-disproved link to
autism in children that scaremongering
can lead to a loss of public confidence in
vaccination and knee-jerk reactions
that can lead to outbreaks of disease.
“Distemper and parvovirus are still
killers in pets – and the reason we no
longer see these on a wider scale is
because most owners sensibly choose
to vaccinate.”
Lisa Tenzin-Dolma, founder of the
International School for Canine Psychology and Behaviour, said: “We don’t
have scientific evidence to back claims
of canine autism. However, we have
seen anecdotal evidence of dogs having a marked change in their behaviour
(“canine dysfunctional behaviour”).
“This could be down to any number
of causes: the loss of a carer or the
arrival of another dog.”
Ms Tenzin-Dolma said she “would
not advise people against vaccinations
due to fear of canine autism as there
was a lack of scientific evidence.”
The comments came after ITV
breakfast show Good Morning Britain
tweeted: “We’re looking to speak to
pet owners who haven’t given their
pets vaccinations because they’re
concerned about side effects – as well
as people who have done so and now
believe their pet has canine autism as
a result.”
Pet vaccination rates in the UK are
already in decline. The 2017 PDSA Animal Wellbeing (PAW) Report showed
that 25 per cent of dogs, 35 per cent of
cats and 50 per cent of rabbits had not
had a primary vaccination course when
young, up on previous years.
10
**
Thursday 26 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
News
By Olivia Rudgard
SOCIAL AFFAIRS CORRESPONDENT
MILLENNIALS do not need living
rooms, a leading architect has said, as
he complains that size rules are shutting young people out of the housing
market.
In a briefing paper, Patrik Schumacher, who worked on the London
Aquatics Centre that was built for the
Olympics, argued that centrally located “hotel-room sized” studio flats
are ideal for busy young people.
“Those who are now making the
hard choice between paying 80 per
cent of their income on a central flat
versus commuting from afar, will in the
liberalised future appreciate new options and perhaps choose to pay only
60 per cent for a smaller but more central flat.
“For many young professionals who
are out and about networking 24/7, a
small, clean, private hotel-room sized
central patch serves their needs perfectly well,” he said. Mr Schumacher, a
senior designer at Zaha Hadid Architects, argues in the paper published by
the Adam Smith Institute that the minimum size of 38 square metres on newbuild flats is “paternalistic” and stops
poorer young people from getting on
the housing ladder. “Units half that
size, built at an earlier time, are rare
and thus at the moment overpriced,
hotly desired commodities.
“Lifting this prohibition would allow
a whole new (lower) income group,
which is now excluded, to enter the
market. This move would both boost
overall unit numbers and affordability,” he said. Any suggestion that
smaller homes should be allowed
means the debate “becomes quickly
emotional and rhetorical, with phrases
like ‘rabbit hutches’ and ‘slums’ standing in for arguments”, he added.
He also argued against restrictions
imposed by local planning authorities
which dictate the types of flat that must
be built in a particular development, as
well as regulations such as minimum
room sizes, building heights and build-
ing outlines. He said planning regulations have been “unduly politicised
and thereby paralysed”.
Dan Wilson Craw, of Generation
Rent, said the campaign group would
welcome some changes to planning restrictions to “get homes built”, but that
building lots of small flats would risk
“tearing up communities” by replacing
larger family homes with individual
units. “Do we want to have a completely shifting society in our big cities
where everyone is a paycheck away
from losing their home and people are
having to move very quickly and
there’s no chance of developing a sense
of community?” he said.
Sophie Jarvis, a policy adviser at the
Adam Smith Institute, said: “Millennials already know that they are at a massive disadvantage to their parents in
terms of getting on the housing ladder.
“What they don’t know is that rent
caps and restrictive planning laws are
holding them back, not helping them
out. Liberalising planning laws, however, could get them on that ladder.”
PAUL GROVER FOR THE TELEGRAPH
Ditch living rooms and
build ‘hotel flats’ for
millennials, says architect
Silver bird The Grant MacDonald International Silversmith exhibition in London features
gold and silver items such as Wings of Arabia, a falcon which took 350 hours to make.
Senior police must have case
experience in child abuse
 Police officers should be
required to have experience
of dealing with major child
abuse cases before being
promoted to the most senior
ranks in the force, an official
report has concluded.
The interim report of the
Independent Inquiry into
Child Sexual Abuse (IICSA),
says individuals should not
be allowed to rise to chief
officer rank without an
operational knowledge of
abuse cases and should have
received proper training in
dealing with child
exploitation issues.
Prof Alexis Jay, the
chairman of the inquiry,
yesterday urged the Home
Office to amend its entry
requirements for chief
police officers and called on
the College of Policing to
develop the necessary
training for senior officers.
Her recommendations
follow what the IICSA found
were years of institutional
failures over the issue of
child sex abuse, with
political leaders all too
frequently willing to place
their own reputations ahead
of protecting its victims.
Antiques dealer admits to
murdering young daughter
A wealthy antiques dealer
who claimed he heard
voices in his head before
strangling his seven-yearold daughter, changed his
plea to guilty midway
through his trial, as it
emerged that he had
previously been accused of
abusing his ex-wife.
Robert Peters, 56,
throttled his daughter
Sophia with a dressing gown
cord at their home in
Wimbledon, south-west
London, last November,
while his wife was out.
Peters had admitted
manslaughter but denied
murder.
His first wife Francine
Peters had alleged that he
had tried to strangle her
during their marriage.
Detective Inspector
Helen Rance, of Scotland
Yard, said: “Sophia was an
innocent seven-year-old
girl, much loved by her
mother and friends. She was
tragically murdered by the
hands of her own father in
the most frightening way.”
Peters was remanded into
custody to be sentenced on
Monday at the Old Bailey.
Drug students Library hopes
‘need help, not CCTV will put
punishment’ readers off sex
 Students caught with
drugs should not be arrested
or disciplined, their union
has said.
The call comes in a report
by the National Union of
Students (NUS) that argues
that such sanctions “fail to
recognise the complex
reasons that lead people to
use drugs” and risk
marginalising minority
groups such as women and
LGBT+ students.
The report says some
universities, colleges and
student unions see drug use
“wholly as a problem to be
eradicated through
suspensions, evictions and
surveillance”. It adds: “We
believe punitive measures
rarely help. Instead, they
prevent marginalised and
vulnerable students from
seeking help and support.”
Almost two fifths of
students currently use
drugs, and 17 per cent have
done so in the past, said a
survey of 2,800 people
conducted by the NUS.
 An Isle of Wight library
has installed CCTV cameras
after a couple were caught
having sex among the
shelves.
It was the latest in a series
of anti-social incidents at
the Lord Louis Library in
Newport that also included
users defecating and
urinating in the building.
Yesterday it was revealed
that a frustrated member of
the public had stumped up
£3,000 to cover the cost of
the eight CCTV cameras.
A library spokesman said:
“This was the first time we
had caught anyone doing
this act, but there have been
all sorts of other problems...
The couple were swiftly told
to move on. It is sad that it
has had to come to this, but
hopefully it solves the issue.
It’s just gross.”
A council spokesman
added: “We have had
occasional instances of
inappropriate behaviour
and we hope this will act as
an effective deterrent.”
Council makes six-figure sum
from targeting school runs
 A council may have
collected up to £380,000 in
motoring fines in just six
months after targeting
parents on the school run.
Croydon borough council
closed off roads to drivers
dropping children at three
primary schools in what
officials said was a measure
to manage congestion.
During the six-month pilot
project up to £380,120
worth of fines were issued.
The scheme saw parents
banned from driving
through roads outside
Heavers Farm primary
school, St Chad’s and
Woodcote primary.
Penalty notice charges –
at £130 each – were handed
to parents who breached the
restrictions, with the chance
to pay a lesser fine of £65 if
they paid within 14 days.
That means a minimum of
£190,060 and a maximum of
£380,120 for the total of
2,924 offences.
A borough spokesman
stood by the project, saying:
“The primaries involved
have reported less congestion
[and] a safer road for
children to walk to school.”
**
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 26 April 2018
11
News
Doctors accused
of ‘conspiracy to
murder’ by father
of Alfie Evans
By Patrick Sawer
THE father of Alfie Evans, the critically
ill child at the centre of a bitter lifesupport dispute, threatened to take out
a private prosecution for murder
against doctors treating his son.
Mr Justice Hayden decided at a hearing in the Family Division of the High
Court in Manchester on Tuesday that
Alfie should not be allowed to leave
Alder Hey Children’s Hospital in Liverpool and travel to a hospital in Italy.
The judge had said he accepted medical evidence which showed that
further treatment was futile.
Mr Evans and Kate James, Alfie’s
parents, last night lost the latest round
of their legal battle, when three judges
dismissed their appeal against the decision. Mr Justice Hayden criticised
what he described as the “malign
hand” of one of the family’s advisers,
law student Pavel Stroilov, who had
been party to Mr Evans lodging a private prosecution of doctors at Alder
Hey Hospital. He criticised Mr Stroilov
as a “fanatical and deluded young man”
and described a witness statement prepared for Alfie’s parents as “littered
with vituperation and bile” that was
doing them “far more harm than it
does good”.
Lord Justice McFarlane
yesterday
told
Paul
Diamond, Mr Evans’ barrister: “Your client purported to take out a
private prosecution to
have three named doctors charged with the
criminal offence of conspiracy to murder.
Those
summonses
were served on the
Tom Evans, below,
took out a private
prosecution against
three Alder Hey
doctors. His son
Alfie, right, stopped
receiving lifesupport on Monday
and is not expected
to live much longer
doctors and I hear you say that there is
no hostility to the NHS.”
It came as it emerged that 23-monthold Alfie, who stopped receiving lifesupport treatment late on Monday, is
now “struggling” and is not expected
to live much longer.
Merseyside Police last night warned
against threats made on social media
against staff at Alder Hey. Health trust
bosses said yesterday that staff have
experienced “unprecedented personal
abuse”. In an open letter, Sir David Henshaw of the Alder Hey Children’s NHS
Foundation Trust, and chief executive
Louise Shepherd said staff were at “the
centre of a social media storm”.
“Our staff have received in person,
via phone calls, email, and through social media channels a barrage of highly
abusive and threatening language and
behaviour that has shocked us all,” they
said. Chief Inspector Chris Gibson said:
“These posts are being monitored and
[I] remind social media users that any
offences, including malicious communications and threatening behaviour,
will be investigated and … acted upon.”
Yesterday Mr Diamond told three
senior judges that an Italian embassy
representative was in court and an air
ambulance was on standby at the “request of the Pope”. He added: “My general conversation with Mr Evans is
‘save my boy’. He would leave no stone
unturned ... he is clutching at straws.”
Two people believed to be
German air ambulance staff who
were seen speaking to members
of the Evans family were
escorted from Alder Hey
by police.
In a statement, the
hospital said its “top
priority remains ensuring Alfie receives the care he
deserves to ensure
his comfort, dignity and privacy
are maintained
throughout”.
By Daily Telegraph Reporter
THE director of a yachting management company has been cleared of the
manslaughter of four sailors who died
when their yacht, the Cheeki Rafiki,
sank mid-Atlantic.
The families of the sailors have said
maritime rules should be tightened up
as a result of the deaths.
Douglas Innes, 43, of Southampton,
briefly closed his eyes and mouthed the
words “thank you” as the jury at the retrial at Winchester Crown Court returned the not guilty verdicts.
The yacht lost its keel as the crew
were returning the 40ft yacht from
Antigua to the UK in May 2014 when it
got into trouble 1,000 miles from the
United States.
Lost at sea were Andrew Bridge, 22,
the skipper, from Farnham in Surrey;
James Male, 22, from Southampton;
Steve Warren, 52; and Paul Goslin, 56,
both from Somerset.
Innes, in charge of Stormforce
Coaching Limited, his company, is to
be sentenced on May 11 after being conDouglas Innes has
been cleared of the
manslaughter of four
sailors lost at sea
when a keel
detached
GETTY
Private prosecution was
threatened over Alder Hey
Hospital’s treatment of
critically ill toddler
‘Improve safety
rules’ call after
director cleared
of yacht deaths
victed at the first trial of failing to operate the yacht safely, having contravened
the Merchant Shipping Act.
Judge Douglas Field said “all options
must remain open” with regard to sentencing. The jury told the judge it was
“deeply concerned” about a maritime
regulation guidance note and hoped it
would be reviewed and tightened to
help improve safety.
Nigel Lickley QC, prosecuting, told
the court the yacht had an undetected
fault with bolts holding the three-ton
keel to the hull, which then failed,
causing it to fall off during bad weather.
Mr Lickley said the yacht, which had
grounded on two earlier occasions, had
been “unsafe and unsound” because
Innes had “neglected it” by not maintaining it or having it inspected for several years. This Innes denied.
After the hearing, a family spokesman said: “It is clear there is a need to
tighten up marine guidance so that the
regulations cannot be misinterpreted.
This will help to make our seas a safer
place, a fitting legacy for our four men.”
12
***
Thursday 26 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
**
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 26 April 2018
13
News
£500k raid on home
of Rothschild heiress
as her children slept
KATE
ROTHSCHILD, the banking heiress, is said to be
devastated after burglars
made off with half a million
pounds worth of jewellery
from her home.
Raiders entered the
property
in
Barnes,
southwest London, while her children were
asleep and, after locating her bedroom,
stole a large box containing all her valuables, including her engagement and
wedding rings and various antique
pieces betrothed to her by her family.
The 35-year-old ex-wife of environmentalist Ben Goldsmith discovered
the break-in when she returned home
from an evening out with her boyfriend, Paul Forkan, the entrepreneur.
After being unable to get into her
bedroom, Mr Forkan climbed in
through the window to discover that
the raiders had locked the door from
the inside before escaping. It was then
that Ms Rothschild – a music producer
– discovered her pink jewellery box
was missing, although there was very
little other sign of a break-in.
Among the items in the box were an
antique diamond dragonfly brooch,
a gold, ruby and diamond bracelet
and the engagement and wedding
rings from her marriage to Mr Goldsmith. The couple separated in 2013
after she began a relationship with
Jay Electronica, the US rapper, with
whom she had been working.
Mr Goldsmith, 37, the younger
brother of Zac, the Tory MP, and son of
Sir James, the late billionaire, said: “I
have spoken to her a lot. She is really
sad at the things that
have been lost. She
feels her personal space has
been violated. But
she is relieved
no one is hurt.
My sons Frank,
12, and ten-year-old Isaac were asleep,
along with the babysitter, at the time.
“The guy made away with a bunch of
stuff that means a lot to my ex-wife, me
and the children. They took every single thing of value that Kate has: her
wedding ring, engagement ring, everything I gave her during our marriage,
special things from when she was a
teenager, things from her father and
her grandmother.
“These are things that should have
been passed on to our daughter, Iris,
and to her daughter. I hope we get
them back. I will pay a reward to anyone with useful information.”
Ms Goldsmith was not at home yesterday and is understood to have gone
away for a few days.
John Chick, who lives nearby, said:
“I’ve lived here for 17 or 18 years and
I’ve only known of one other break-in.
Everyone around here has
good security, good cameras, so it’s quite rare.”
A Scotland Yard
spokesman said: “Police are investigating
a burglary at an address in SW13.
“The incident was
reported to have
taken place between
the evening of April 18
and the morning of
April 19. A quantity of
jewellery was stolen. No
arrests were made and inquiries continue.”
By Martin Evans
CRIME CORRESPONDENT
A NURSE who worked alongside Harold Shipman, the serial killer, has said
she could have stopped him more than
40 years ago, but was too young and
naive to raise her concerns about him.
Sandra Whitehead was 18 in 1972,
when she worked alongside Shipman
at Pontefract General Infirmary.
She said she became suspicious
about the doctor following the deaths
of three patients, but lacked the confidence to raise her concerns with hospital managers and has spent years
haunted by her inaction.
Speaking on an ITV documentary –
Harold Shipman: Doctor Death – to
mark the 20th anniversary since his arrest, she said: “One night we had three
deaths, we just went from room to
room and the patient had died.
“It just didn’t seem any reason. They
were ill but they didn’t look on death’s
door. It just seemed a high proportion
GP Harold Shipman
may have murdered
250 of his patients
over three decades
before his arrest in
1998
BACKGRID
By Martin Evans
CRIME CORRESPONDENT
and Francesca Marshall
‘I could have
stopped’ serial
killer Shipman,
nurse admits
Kate Rothschild, above, and some of the items stolen in the burglary, left
Arson attacks on hives may be the work of ‘jealous’ rival beekeeper
By Alex Thornhill
A BEEKEEPER whose hives have been
set on fire twice in a year believes she
may be the victim of a jealous rival.
Michaela Tulett, who is the owner of
Api-Bees in Kent, said she was devastated after an arsonist poured petrol
over 20 of her beehives and torched
them – killing more than 700,000 bees.
Last June, 26 of her beehives were set
alight, leading her to believe her farm
may not be a random target.
“The same area was attacked last
year. It could just be a jealous beekeeper,” she said. “If somebody decides
to come in the middle of the night and
set it on fire, there’s not a lot we can do.”
Ms Tulett said she was “numb with
shock” at the cruel crime, adding:
“They are live animals. It’s disgusting
and a senseless act of violence.”
The arson at the farm near the village of Sellindge happened at just before 10pm last Tuesday. Less than half a
dozen hives escaped destruction.
Kent Police are investigating, but Ms
Tulett believes there is little they can
do without witnesses.
She is also unsure what the farm can
do to stop a repeat of the attack, saying:
“All we can do is remove the bees from
the site. We could set up CCTV, but
that’s not really going to help.”
A police spokesman confirmed they
are investigating a reported arson in
Sellindge and added: “More than 20
hives were reportedly destroyed.”
It is the latest in a series of apiaryrelated crimes, predominantly thefts.
Hundreds of thousands of bees have
been stolen across England and Wales
since 2011, a trend which has also been
blamed on rivalry between beekeepers.
of deaths out of a 32-bed ward. I was
too young and too naive, I didn’t have
the knowledge and experience to ... see
senior management and say, ‘I am not
happy about this’.”
Following his conviction in 2000 for
15 murders, Ms Whitehead provided
information to a public inquiry which
helped uncover further victims from
his time at Pontefract General Hospital.
It was estimated that Shipman may
have secretly poisoned more than 250
of his patients across three decades before his eventual arrest in 1998.
A former detective who investigated
Shipman in 1975 for drug offences described his amazement that he was not
struck off the General Medical Register
at the time. George McKeating said he
had been about to give evidence to a
hearing when he was told it had already finished and the panel had decided he was not a danger to the public.
He said: “I was a bit flabbergasted to
say the least. In my experience addicts
very rarely rehabilitate.”
Harold Shipman: Doctor Death is on
ITV at 9pm tonight.
14
**
Thursday 26 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
World news
Macron’s Congress speech takes swipe
PRESIDENT
Emmanuel
Macron
demanded climate change action and
defended the Iran nuclear deal yesterday in a pointed rebuke of Donald
Trump’s “America First” foreign policy.
Addressing a joint session of the US
Congress, he called on America to stay
engaged in the world in a rebuttal of
the US president’s isolationist instincts.
Mr Macron said there was no
“Planet B” as he predicted the United
States will one day return to the Paris
climate change agreement. The French
leader also criticised Mr Trump for
wanting to rip up the Iran agreement,
but agreed Tehran must never be
allowed to obtain nuclear weapons.
On tariffs, he warned that abandoning free and fair trade would destroy
jobs, increase prices and punish the
middle classes. He also said global
threats would spiral and the UN and
Nato would be weaker if the US stopped
fighting for its values overseas.
“Today, the call we hear is the call of
history,” Mr Macron said in an emotive
call to arms. “This is the time of determination and courage. What we cherish is at stake. What we love is in
danger. We have no choice but to prevail and together we shall prevail.”
But he warned: “We can choose isolationism. But closing the door to the
world will not stop the evolution of the
world. If we decide to open our eyes
wider, we will be much stronger.”
The speech ended a three-day US
state visit that has seen Mr Macron
reaffirm his position as the world
leader with the closest personal relationship with Mr Trump. Their touchyfeely series of press calls was
referenced jokingly by Mr Macron.
The speech – the first by a world leader
to a joint session of US law-makers
since 2016 – showed Mr Macron willing
to publicly challenge Mr Trump.
China’s manned Moon ‘palace’ to
By Neil Connor in Beijing
CHINA has announced plans to build a
manned Moon base to act as a launchpad for missions to Mars and to explore
lunar resources.
The outpost is expected to have
“multiple tube cabins that interconnect and provide oxygen to people inside”, according to an official video
seen by Chinese media.
The scientific research base, which
will be partly sustained by solar power,
marks the latest step in Beijing’s ambitious space programme.
“We believe that the Chinese
nation’s dream of residing in a ‘lunar
palace’ will soon become a reality,” the
newspaper China Daily quoted the
country’s National Space Administration’s video as saying.
The paper said it was the first time
that China had made public its plans
for a lunar outpost. In April last year, a
‘We believe that the Chinese
nation’s dream of residing
in a ‘lunar palace’ will
soon become a reality’
Chinese space official had said Beijing
was discussing a future Moon base
with the European Space Agency, but
few details later emerged.
Then, last November, administra-
Japanese demand
change to menu
for Korea summit
By Our Foreign Staff
JAPAN has demanded that South Korea
rethinks a mango mousse dessert it
plans to serve at the North-South summit dinner tomorrow, because it features a map of the Korean peninsula
that includes islands disputed with
Japan, a recurring irritant for Tokyo.
The mousse, subtitled “Spring of the
People”, is served with an image of the
islands – known as Takeshima in Japan
and Dokdo in Korea – which are located
in the Sea of Japan, which Seoul refers
to as the East Sea.
“It is extremely regrettable,” a Japanese foreign ministry spokesman said
yesterday, adding that Japan had
lodged a protest. “We have asked that
the dessert not be served.”
The dispute comes as the North Korean leader Kim Jong-un and South
Korea’s President Moon Jae-in prepare
to meet to discuss Pyongyang’s nuclear
weapons programme.
Relations between the two Koreas
and Japan have long been strained by
territorial disputes and resentment
over Imperial Japan’s colonisation of
the Korean peninsula during the Second World War.
ALI ATMACA/ANADOLU AGENCY/GETTY IMAGES
By Ben Riley-Smith, Nick Allen
and Rozina Sabur
Flying high Semin Ozturk, 27, Turkey’s first professional
female aerobatic pilot, performs a demonstration flight in
her 360 horsepower Pitts S2-B plane in Eskisehir.
**
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 26 April 2018
Emmanuel Macron
and his wife Brigitte
join Donald Trump
and First Lady
Melania, left, for a
state dinner at the
White House before
a toast, below, with
guests including
Apple’s Tim Cook,
Rupert Murdoch
and Jerry Hall, as
well as Henry and
Nancy Kissinger
15
British-Iranian professor arrested
by Iran’s Revolutionary Guard
Abbas Edalat, an anti-war
activist, may be in the
notorious Evin jail after
raid on his home in Tehran
By Raf Sanchez and Ahmed Vahdat
A BRITISH-Iranian academic from Imperial College London has been arrested in Iran, the latest of dozens of
dual nationals taken into custody by
Tehran since the 2015 nuclear deal.
Abbas Edalat, a professor of computer science and mathematics, was in
Iran for an academic workshop when
he was arrested on April 15 by the Revolutionary Guard, according to the
Centre for Human Rights in Iran.
“Iran’s continued arbitrary arrests of
dual nationals without transparency
and lack of due process is extremely
concerning,” said Hadi Ghaemi, the
centre’s executive director.
“The Iranian judiciary and the security establishment, particularly the
Revolutionary Guards, are responsible
for the wellbeing of these detainees.”
Iran has arrested at least 30 dual nationals since the nuclear agreement, according to human rights groups. There
are no exact figures on detainees but
Iran is believed to be holding at least
four Britons, including Mr Edalat, who
strenuously maintains his innocence.
Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe, a charity
worker with the Thomson Reuters
foundation, was sentenced to five years
in prison in 2016 on charges she denies
of plotting to topple the Iranian government.
Kamal Foroughi, a British-Iranian
businessman, was arrested in 2011 and
sentenced to eight years in prison on
espionage charges.
Earlier this year Iran also arrested
Morad Tahbaz, an Iranian-American
businessman who is believed to hold a
UK passport, during a clampdown on
environmentalists and academics.
The arrest of Mr Edalat comes at a
critical moment for the future of the
2015 Iran nuclear agreement.
Donald Trump must decide by May
12 whether or not he will reimpose US
sanctions on Tehran, a move that could
effectively send the US crashing out of
the deal.
According to analysts, Iran’s practice
of arresting dual nationals is motivated
partly by a desire to use the detainees
as leverage in negotiations with Western countries.
Iranians who live in the West are often viewed with deep suspicion by the
Revolutionary Guard, who are responsible for hunting down foreign spies in
Iran.
Mr Edalat is known in the UK as an
anti-war activist. In 2005 he founded
the Campaign Against Sanctions and
Military Intervention in Iran, which
opposed Western military intervention
and sanctions on Iran.
The group described itself as an independent human rights group with
no links to any governments. It said
that Revolutionary Guard agents
raided Mr Edalat’s home in Tehran and
confiscated books, CDs and a computer.
It is believed Mr Edalat is being held
at Evin prison, the notorious Tehran
jail where dual nationals are often imprisoned.
There was no immediate response
from the Foreign Office.
The joke’s on Britain at presidents’ dinner
By Nick Allen WASHINGTON EDITOR
ANDREW HARNIK/AP
THE relation spéciale between Donald
Trump and Emmanuel Macron was
sealed with a joke – at the expense of
the British.
At his state dinner, the first of the
Trump presidency, Mr Macron began
his toast by referencing the War of 1812,
saying: “This White House, full of history, that the British burned down …”
He went on to praise James Monroe,
the fifth president of the United States,
for then having the “brilliant idea of
decorating it with French furniture”.
Laughter rippled through the State
Dining Room as the French president
went on to explain why he and Mr
at Trump
On climate change, he asked: “What
is the meaning of our lives if we spend it
destroying the future of our children?”
He said it was time to “make our
planet great again” and predicted that
the US would “one day” return to the
Paris climate change agreement.
That triggered the biggest applause
as Democrats leapt to their feet while
Republicans gave a more lukewarm
response – one of a number of points
where his speech split the chamber.
On the Iran nuclear deal, Mr Macron
pledged France would stay in the 2015
agreement and criticised Mr Trump’s
hints that he might withdraw.
He repeated Tuesday’s call for a
wider deal to tackle Iran’s ballistic missile programme and behaviour in Syria
and Yemen, as well as nuclear issues.
He pledged: “Iran shall never possess any nuclear weapons. Not now.
Not in five years. Not in 10 years.
Never.” Last night, Hassan Rouhani,
the Iranian president, rejected changes
to the nuclear agreement, saying that if
the deal stays in place, “it stays in full”.
Mr Macron repeatedly challenged
Mr Trump’s instinct to disengage from
the world – a prominent foreign policy
pledge of his 2016 election campaign.
He said: “Today, the international
community needs to step up our game
and build the 21st century world order
based on the perennial principles we
established together after the Second
World War. We must remember the
warning of president Roosevelt: freedom is never more than one generation
away from extinction.
“We didn’t pass it to our children in
the bloodstream. It must be fought for,
protected, handed on for them to do
the same.” The comments will be seen
as a call for Mr Trump to stand by Nato
and the UN and remain engaged in the
Middle East, especially Syria.
On Twitter Mr Trump stated he was
“looking forward” to the address but
maintained silence during the speech.
Features: Page 21
launch Mars missions
tion officials said China was “conducting a feasibility study for a robotic
outpost on the lunar surface to conduct
scientific research and technological
experiments”, China Daily reported.
No schedule for the construction of
the base was revealed, nor any details
given for how it would operate.
China is due to send a lunar probe to
the far side of the Moon later this year.
The mission will also involve an ambitious experiment which scientists
hope will see flowers, potatoes and
silkworms grown on the lunar surface.
China became the third country to
put a man in space with its own rocket
in 2003 and it carried out a lunar rover
mission 10 years later.
Experts believe China aims to land a
man on the Moon sometime after 2030,
while last year an official said that it
would “not take long” before Beijing
approved a manned lunar project.
Additional reporting by Christine Wei
Canberra-bound admiral
diverted to be Korean envoy
By Nicola Smith ASIA CORRESPONDENT
ADMIRAL Harry Harris, the head of
the US Pacific Command, is to be nominated for the key, and long-vacant, post
of ambassador to South Korea, US
officials said.
Admiral Harris had already been
nominated to be America’s next envoy
to Australia until Mike Pompeo, the
incoming secretary of state, instigated
the switch, The Washington Post
reported.
Mr Pompeo told his Senate confirmation hearing earlier this month that
filling the role required “immediate attention”. Australia also confirmed the
news yesterday.
Julie Bishop, Australia’s foreign minister, said she had been informed of the
decision by John Sullivan, the acting
US secretary of state. “We understand
this sort of thing happens and we also
understand the challenges the United
States has on the Korean peninsula,”
Ms Bishop told reporters in Sydney.
She said Mr Sullivan made it clear a
new appointment would be a priority
for the next secretary of state.
Like South Korea, Australia has not
had a full US ambassador since Donald
Trump won the US election in 2016.
“The national security situation on the
Korean Peninsula is of the highest priority,” a US official told Reuters when
asked to confirm the switch in nominations.
Filling the office in Seoul has become
a priority ahead of forthcoming summits between Kim Jong-un, the North
Korean leader, Moon Jae-in, South KoAdmiral Harry Harris
had been nominated
as US ambassador to
Australia but is now
set to switch to
South Korea
rea’s president, and Mr Trump, to resolve tensions over Pyongyang’s
nuclear and weapons programmes.
Admiral Harris is known for his
hawkish views on China’s military expansion in the South China Sea, but has
less experience of diplomatic involvement with North Korea. He has visited
South Korea, where about 28,000 US
troops are stationed, multiple times in
his various military roles.
Trump like each other so much, a fact
that was plainly evident to everyone
during his visit to Washington.
It was, he said, not just an “unbreakable friendship” rooted in the principles that underpinned revolutions and
world wars, it was also personal.
Addressing his “dear Donald”, Mr
Macron said: “On both sides of the
ocean, some two years ago, very few
would have bet on us being here
together today.
“But I got to know you. You got to
know me. We both know that none of
us easily changes his mind. But we will
work together, and we have this ability
to listen to one another. This is the reason why our relationship will serve our
strong history.” In his toast, Mr Trump
quoted Victor Hugo, speaking of the
divine flame that “evil can never wholly
extinguish” and how “good can make
to glow with splendour”.
On the campaign trail in 2016, Mr
Trump railed about the cost of bloated
state dinners, and he made sure this
one was a comparatively intimate
affair. There were only 123 guests,
mostly titans of the political and financial worlds, seated at 13 round tables.
They dined on goat’s cheese gateau,
spring lamb and nectarine tarts.
Celebrities from film, television and
music were absent, but among those
joining the US and French officials
were Tim Cook, the chief executive of
Apple, Rupert Murdoch, and Christine
Lagarde, the IMF managing director.
It marked a triumph for Melania
Trump and was widely judged to be
her finest moment so far as the First
Lady. Mrs Trump organised the intricacies of the meal, from the menu to the
gold-trimmed table settings and the
decorations, which included 1,500
cherry blossom branches and 1,000
stems of white lilacs.
In a nod to her guests, she wore a
Chanel gown, and was able to chat to
them in fluent French.
Mr Trump later praised his wife for a
“spectacular” event, adding: “Washington is abuzz over what an incredible
job Melania did.”
16
***
Thursday 26 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
World news
Sexual fantasist gets life for killing journalist on his submarine
By James Crisp
A DANISH inventor, Peter Madsen, was
yesterday jailed for life for the premeditated murder and sexual assault of
Swedish journalist Kim Wall on his
homemade submarine.
Madsen, 47, had confessed to cutting
up the 30-year-old’s body and throwing her remains overboard in waters off
Copenhagen, but claimed her death
was accidental.
Ms Wall, a freelance reporter, had
set off with the self-titled “inventrepreneur” to interview him on his vessel,
having planned a feature on him for a
magazine.
During the trial, which lasted 12 days
and involved evidence from 36 witnesses, special prosecutor Jakob BuchJepsen accused Madsen of attempting
to carry out “the perfect crime”.
He said Madsen killed Ms Wall in a
macabre sexual fantasy, showing the
court video footage, found on the inventor’s computer, of women being
tortured, beheaded, impaled and
hanged.
“He committed a cynical, planned
murder of a particularly brutal nature,”
the judge at Copenhagen City Council
said as she read out the guilty verdict,
adding that Madsen “dismembered the
body in order to hide the evidence of
murder”.
A black-clad Madsen looked shaken
by the verdict and swiftly signalled he
would appeal. A life sentence in Denmark typically lasts about 16 years and
he will be only the 25th person serving
one in the Nordic country.
Madsen, known for his exploits in
amateur space travel, confessed to
stuffing the award-winning journalist’s
head, arms and legs into plastic bags,
Peter Madsen, a
self-styled
‘inventrepreneur’,
watched extreme
pornography before
killing Kim Wall
weighing them down with metal pipes
before tossing them into the sea. He
later scuttled his midget submarine,
UC3 Nautilus.
After changing his story several
times, Madsen testified that she died
when the air pressure failed and toxic
fumes filled his vessel while he was up
on deck. He claimed he had cut up the
body to spare Ms Wall’s family the details of her painful suffocation.
The court found the circumstances
were enough to find Madsen’s version
of events “untrustworthy”, citing the
fact that he took on board a saw, plastic
strips and a sharpened screwdriver just
before the voyage.
The prosecution also presented as
evidence the fact that on the night before Ms Wall boarded his vessel, he
googled “beheaded girl agony”, which
Madsen tried to claim was “pure coincidence”.
On the final day of evidence, Madsen, who had described himself to
friends as “a psychopath but a loving
one”, told the court: “I’m really, really
sorry for what happened.”
Ms Wall’s parents told Swedish media they did not wish to comment on the
case. The Danish court rejected their
claim for £16,000 damages, saying the
journalist had moved out, but granted
her boyfriend, who reported her missing, £10,800. The court ordered seizure of the scuttled submarine.
Venice takes
steps to keep
invasion of
tourists at bay
By Nick Squires in Rome
VENICE is to employ unprecedented
crowd control measures to separate
tourists from locals as the World Heritage city braces for this busy bank holiday weekend.
Tourists trying to reach the most
popular landmarks – St Mark’s Square
and the Rialto Bridge – will be diverted
to visitor-only routes, away from locals
who have for years complained that
their day-to-day lives are made a misery by the invasion of visitors.
With the arrival of warm weather in
Italy and the tourist season in full
swing in La Serenissima, as the maritime republic was once called, there
are fears of severe congestion in the
city’s narrow streets and alleyways.
Tourist numbers are expected to
peak between Saturday and Tuesday,
which is a public holiday in Italy and
many other countries.
“The tourist flows heading to Rialto
or San Marco will be directed on alternative routes,” the city council said.
Luigi Brugnaro, the mayor, signed a
decree that contains “urgent measures
to guarantee public safety, security and
livability in the historic city of Venice”.
Tourists who try to arrive by car
from the Italian mainland may be
blocked from using Ponte della Libertà, the one bridge that spans the lagoon. The effect of mass tourism is so
smothering that Venice has long debated the possibility of setting a limit
on the number of visitors who can enter each day and the restriction on cars
appears to be a step in that direction.
The mayor said the package of extraordinary measures was “maybe the
first (of its kind) in Italy”. The objective
was to “manage pedestrian and water
traffic and the flows of people”. The
mayor said the measures were an “ex-
periment”, suggesting that they may be
implemented again if successful. They
appeared to be a response, in part, to
this year’s long Easter weekend, when
Venice was inundated with even more
tourists than usual and visitors had to
wait for up to an hour to board the
city’s “vaporetto” water buses.
During this year’s Carnival, the city
experimented with new technology,
including laser sensors, to keep tabs on
the huge crowds who descended on the
city. In 2016 Venetians, clutching suitcases and holdalls to symbolise exodus,
staged a protest against the rapid depopulation of their city, warning that it
risks turning into a cultural Disneyland
unless drastic measures are taken.
The city’s population has dipped below 55,000, a historic low and a sharp
drop from the 190,000 who lived there
at the end of the Second World War.
Venice is not the only place in Europe that says tourists are threatening
‘Urgent measures to
guarantee public safety,
security and livability in the
historic city of Venice’
the very thing they have come to see.
The Greek island of Santorini and Dubrovnik in Croatia have recently put
limits on the number of tourists they
are prepared to absorb.
Nearly two million people visited
Santorini last year, 850,000 of them on
cruise ships. The mayor has capped the
daily influx at 8,000, fearing that the
Cycladic island is otherwise in danger
of losing its charm.
Campaigners from Santorini, Dubrovnik, Venice, Corfu and Rhodes
gathered in Venice this month to discuss how to control mass tourism.
They blame low-cost flights and the
booming cruise ship trade for bringing
ever-greater numbers of visitors, and
home-letting websites such as Airbnb
for emptying historic destinations of
locals and killing community spirit.
Major transformation Damien Lewis is
unrecognisable as he appears on the set of
Run This Town, a film in which he plays Rob
Ford, the former Toronto mayor (below).
GOFFPHOTOS.COM; GETTY IMAGES; REUTERS
Locals to get separate
routes in the Italian city
and cars may be blocked
from bridge across lagoon
Simpsons actor ready to give up the role of ‘racist stereotype’ Apu
By Tristram Saunders
HANK AZARIA, The Simpsons actor,
has said he would be “willing to step
aside” from playing Indian shopkeeper
Apu, after a documentary claimed the
character was a racist stereotype.
“People in the South Asian community in [the US] have been fairly upset,”
said Azaria, 53. “It’s sparked a conversation about what should be done with
the character.” Azaria has acted in The
Simpsons since the show began in 1989,
voicing dozens of characters including
Moe Szyslak, the grumpy barman, and
Chief Clancy Wiggum, the dim-witted
chief of police.
“The idea that anyone young or old,
past or present, was bullied or teased
based on ... Apu? It really makes me
sad,” Azaria told Stephen Colbert, the
television host. “It certainly was not
my intention. I wanted to bring laughter and joy.” The actor continued: “I re-
ally want to see South Asian writers in
the room – not in a token way, but genuinely informing whatever new direction this character may take, including
how it is voiced or not voiced.
“I’m perfectly willing to step aside,
or help transition it into something
new. I really hope that’s what The
Simpsons does.”
In The Problem with Apu US comedian Hari Kondabolu’s 2017 TV documentary, he called the character an
offensive stereotype. “Apu reflected
how America viewed [Indians] – servile, devious and goofy,” he said.
The Simpsons nodded towards the
controversy earlier this month, with an
episode in which Marge and Lisa Simpson read an old children’s book, and are
surprised by its “offensive” characters.
“Something that started decades ago
and was applauded and inoffensive is
now politically incorrect,” Lisa says.
“What can you do?”
Archaeologists unearth ‘the last child of Pompeii’
By Nick Squires in Rome
ARCHAEOLOGISTS in Pompeii have
discovered the skeleton of a child
caught in the cataclysmic eruption of
Vesuvius nearly 2,000 years ago.
It is the first time in 50 years that a
child’s skeleton has been unearthed in
the remains of the ancient Roman city
Bavaria puts crosses on show
By Justin Huggler in Berlin
THE German state of Bavaria
has ordered crosses to be displayed in public buildings.
“It’s a fundamental symbol of our Bavarian identity
and way of life,” Markus
Söder, the regional prime
minister, said in a statement.
Critics denounced it as un-
constitutional and accused
Mr Söder of politicising religion ahead of regional elections later this year.
Burkhard Hose, a Catholic
theologian, told Mr Söder:
“You are using Christianity
to exclude people of other
faiths. I urge you to stop using Christianity as a bulwark
against Islam.”
WORLD BULLETIN
Philippines sends Indian guru jailed
nun, 71, packing
for raping girl, 16
The Philippines has ordered
the deportation of a
71-year-old nun after
President Rodrigo Duterte,
complained about her
joining protest rallies.
Patricia Anne Fox, originally
from Australia, had been
resident there for 27 years.
Asaram Bapu, 77, a highlyregarded Indian spiritual
guru with millions of
followers worldwide, was
yesterday sentenced to life
in prison by a court in the
western city of Jodhpur for
raping a 16-year-old girl in
2013 at one of his ashrams.
Madrid boss quits Citrus disease to
after ‘theft’ charge hit the Med next
Cristina Cifuentes has
resigned as president of the
Madrid region after a
scandal over her allegedly
fraudulent master’s degree
was compounded by online
revelations that she was
accused of shoplifting
products worth €40 in 2011.
A disease that has ravaged
American citrus crops now
threatens European
countries from which the
UK imports most of its fruit.
French researchers have
warned that citrus greening
disease is likely to strike the
Mediterranean next.
DNA is
being
used to
establish
the sex
of the
remains
south of Naples destroyed in AD79. The
child, believed to be eight years old,
took refuge in the public baths when
the volcano erupted.
It is believed the child suffocated in
the clouds of scorching ash that enveloped the city. It would have settled on
the body, as it did on so many other victims, solidifying when rain fell, thus
preserving the remains. Archaeologists
made the find during a sweep of the
baths using scanning instruments
which picked up an anomaly in the soil.
“This is an extraordinary find in an
area we thought had been fully excavated in the 19th century,” Massimo Osanna, the director general of Pompeii,
told La Repubblica newspaper.
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 26 April 2018
***
17
18
***
Thursday 26 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Comment
Treating a walk
like a race is the
fast track to
good health
JAN ETHERINGTON
‘C
ome on, keep up!”
As the eldest of four
girls, I spent my
childhood striding ahead of
my younger sisters, across
the beaches of Gower, along
the road to school, at
airports and at railway
stations.
My pace has not slowed as
the years have passed, so I
was pleased to read that a
review by King’s College
London has discovered that
just 150 minutes of
moderate, aerobic activity a
week – which can include
brisk walking – means that
you are 31 per cent less
likely to develop depression.
Too often dismissed, a
bracing, heart-rate-raising
walk seems to me a nearperfect form of exercise;
indeed, it’s been shown to
be superior to running for
heart health.
Here on the Suffolk coast
where I now live, the air is
so clean but the wind is
often extremely wild, so
getting a move on is the only
way to go. Slow down and
you freeze.
Certainly, if I’m stuck on a
problem or having a tough
day, “stepping out” brings
an instant feeling of
well-being.
Although I may not jump
up and down and wag my
tail, my feeling of joy is very
similar to that of my dog as I
pull on my walking boots
and grab his lead. We’re
both out of the door, almost
at a run.
Jagger, my English Setter,
likes to be in front and we
set a cracking pace. Friends
who come with us, however,
hoping for a leisurely amble,
yell “Hey, slow down!”, as
I’m often a couple of fields
ahead of them.
I see no point in slow
walking, unless you’re
helping someone elderly or
infirm. My long-legged
friend, Astrid, took Peg, her
90-year-old mother,
shopping. Peg leant on the
supermarket trolley, while
Astrid steered it from the
front. Unfortunately, as they
headed out of the
supermarket and into the
car park, Astrid inevitably
picked up speed. When she
finally turned round, her
mother wasn’t there. She
had peeled off and was
leaning on a car boot,
quietly furious.
Of course, I know many
people who, because of age
or illness, can’t walk fast and
I always try to be
considerate to them. But fast
walkers can be impatient
with mere dawdlers. We
have tourists in our village
who have all the time in the
world, admiring the view,
stopping to take photos,
just as I’m sprinting to catch
the post.
Getting stuck behind
such a slow-moving crowd
of people is frustrating to
the fleet of foot. We try to
weave in and out, muttering
“’Scuse me” and “Sorry” as
politely as we can, but really
we want to say “Hurry up!”
When I worked in
London, Waterloo Bridge in
the morning rush hour was a
fast walker’s paradise. We all
hurtled along, ignoring the
magnificent view, dashing
past anyone who paused for
a second, or was slowing us
down. It was a race, by any
other name, to get to the
other side before the person
walking next to you.
For a fast walker married
to someone who takes his
time, it can be hard to
adjust. When my husband
had a knee replacement, I
forgot that his pace had
slowed. I headed off at my
usual speed, chatting away,
but then turned to direct the
question, “Do you think I
should have my eyebrows
dyed?” to a perfect stranger.
My husband was yards
behind.
Now, as a grandmother
with teenage grandchildren,
it’s a family joke that
immediately after lunch I
will leap up and declare:
“Right, time to get some
fresh air!”
And I live in hope that
one day, instead of groans,
the dog and I will be joined
by the rest of the family, just
once, for a nice, brisk walk.
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Britain’s elites have a long history of
backing down. They’ll do so again
If it robs us of Brexit,
the establishment would
end its glorious tradition
of absorbing change
ALLISTER
HEATH
I
t is unlikely, when David
Cameron called his referendum
on EU membership, that he was
aware of just how many gambles
he was taking simultaneously.
He was betting the house not
just once, but at least four or five
times, as we are only now finding out.
He wasn’t merely hoping to
crush the Euroscepticism that had
overshadowed British politics since
the late Eighties, or staking his career
on the outcome, or even risking the
election of our first hard-Left, antiWestern prime minister. These, it
turns out, were almost second-order
bets compared with Mr Cameron’s
real, existential roll of the dice.
Without understanding what he
was doing, he was putting the British
establishment to its greatest moral and
practical test in decades. How would
it cope with a Leave vote? Would it
accept the verdict, and find it in itself
to fight for the best possible exit for
Britain? Would it implode in a morass
of incompetence? Or would it go rogue,
embrace a weird ultra-elitist identitydriven class war, and declare the end of
the UK’s long and glorious experiment
with democracy? And if it did embark
on such a reckless course, what did
it think the response from an already
disillusioned public would be? A shrug,
or something a little more robust?
It was a gigantic experiment
and, 22 months on, we are still no
clearer on the results. The chances of
Brexit being stopped keep on rising,
as a result of a lack of leadership,
competence and commitment and the
efforts of an extraordinary Remainer
counter-offensive. If MPs, in a moment
of madness, decide to keep us in the
customs union, robbing us of much
of the possible upside of Brexit, or if
the Government decides that it will
use the Irish question as the excuse to
surrender, then all bets will be off.
Even a decade ago, there would
have been little doubt that the British
establishment would have gone along
with the popular will, especially
when expressed in such a stark way.
Blairism, in its original incarnation
and for all its terrible flaws, was
democratic and populist. Today’s
political culture has degenerated to
such an extent that it may be that
the Brexit vote came too late to save
the establishment from itself. If so, it
would threaten a fundamental truth
about our political system.
Until now, Britain has brilliantly
absorbed the big tidal waves of social,
political and economic change:
to many foreign observers, this
ability to compromise, to internalise
massive change while retaining
our existing institutions, is the very
essence of Britishness. The country
has coped with religious change,
the emergence of capitalism and
democracy, industrialisation and the
end of aristocratic power, the rise
of socialism, decolonisation, world
wars and the spread of globalisation
with remarkable continuity, though
the nonsense of the past few months
reveals that our elites are finding
it tougher to deal with the anticorporatist, anti-technocratic revolt.
The French find our remarkable
ability to reinvent ourselves – our
profound pragmatism – especially
fascinating as they don’t function
or think in this way. We don’t do
proper, bloody revolutions that sweep
everything away and reset the clock.
For a variety of reasons, including
luck and geography, we are Burkean,
not Cartesian: we change to preserve,
and from within. We have never had
a Year Zero or suffered the trauma of
occupation (at least not since 1066); in
that sense, we share with the Swiss a
long history of relative stability which
makes us almost uniquely attractive to
investors and free-thinkers.
Our elites have long been willing to
refresh themselves by absorbing new
members, be they from different social
groups or overseas, a tradition the
monarchy is continuing today. Until
Brexit, our ruling class knew when
to back down; it understood that it
pays to compromise rather than resist
beyond breaking point. Even when
monarchs were removed, as during
the Glorious Revolution, James II was
replaced by William and Mary, not a
president. The Cromwellian interlude
didn’t last long, and there was a clear
(but slow) downwards shift of political
power and a spreading of prosperity.
Time and again, the British system
was able to broker compromises.
One of the most quintessential was
the reform of the House of Lords in
1911: not quite everything changed,
and certainly not appearances.
Even our break with Rome led to
the establishment of the Church of
England, that most Catholic version of
Protestantism. We didn’t embrace full
communism after the Second World
War, and it only took five years for
Winston Churchill to return to power.
Thatcherism was a compromise
between real, radical capitalism and
the welfare state; Blairism was sold as
a means of smoothing over Thatcher’s
rough edges.
Brexit needs to be approached
as merely the latest such chapter in
FOLLOW Allister
Heath on Twitter
@AllisterHeath;
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opinion
Britain’s long history: we must regain
self-government while minimising
economic dislocation. Theresa May’s
challenge was to show how she, a
Remainer, could normalise Brexit and
the public’s demand for democracy
and control.
The Remainer caricature of Brexit as
a protectionist, autarchic, xenophobic,
inward-looking, isolationist project
would be spectacularly disproved.
Britain would genuinely leave the
EU, including the single market and
customs union, but remain closely
tied to it through a comprehensive
trade deal. Her mission was to take the
fringe appeal and the populism out of
Brexit and embrace the Global Britain
vision. We wouldn’t turn our back on
all immigration but would control it
more closely, as demanded by public
opinion in all Western societies.
In fact, a Brexit implemented by
a centrist politician from a centreRight party would be a very British
reconciliation of liberalism and
nationalism, a perfect synthesis. The
ruling classes would absorb Brexit
and make it theirs, just as they had
once absorbed democracy, capitalism,
socialism, free trade and the other
great ideological and cultural shifts.
May could still pull off a miracle
and deliver a real Brexit; or if she loses
her nerve, the next Tory leader could
push it through. I still believe that we
will leave, for real and on time, but
if I’m wrong one thing is certain: the
Remainers won’t have the last laugh.
There is one overriding lesson
from Britain’s history: for all their
current muscle-flexing, the elites
cannot win a head-on confrontation
with the public or halt big, historic
shifts. To survive, they always end
up adapting and accepting the
inevitable. They will do so again
this time. It may take another
referendum, or another election,
but in the end we will leave the EU.
The young are freedom-loving capitalists
We need to double down
on the values which have
made Britain great and
Labour wants to crush
LIZ TRUSS
F
rom the coffee bars of Camden to
the gin joints of Norfolk – across
Britain a revolution is brewing.
And no, it’s not John McDonnell’s
bitter socialist hooch. It’s a generation
growing up with an entirely different
view of the world – free-thinking,
optimistic and hungry for success.
The under-30s are the risk-takers,
inventors and freethinkers, with
unprecedented freedom to start a
business, broadcast their views to the
world, or travel anywhere they like
at the push of a button. Far from the
hat-wearing, big-state-loving Marxists
often portrayed in the media, they are
the most freedom-loving, enterprising
generation ever. And they are
changing attitudes and industries – in
big and small ways – day in, day out.
That’s possible because we live
in a society that has cherished and
encouraged personal freedom, and put
the individual before the state while
making sure the least well off always
have a safety net. But those ideas are
more threatened now than they ever
have been. Not by some encroaching
overseas menace, but by a UK party
that wants to be in government.
Jeremy Corbyn and Mr McDonnell
have made no secret of their desire
to stamp out individualism and
enterprise. They call businesses the
“real enemy”. Their supporters hound
dissenters and label them “traitors”.
And they openly call for government
to take more control over the economy
and our lives. We can already see their
controlling ways in councils across the
country: anyone sensible abused until
they are booted out or quit, services
like Airbnb and Uber banned, new
schemes dreamt up for hiking tax.
This assault on freedom wouldn’t
just damage the economy, it would
erode the economic freedoms which
give power to the people. The free
market is fundamentally humane
and democratic, driven by ideas and
millions of individual choices about
what to do with our money which defy
those who benefit from the status quo.
If Labour took away that freedom
to innovate and spend our money
how we want, they would take away
our power over the powerful. If
Mr McDonnell nationalised whole
industries, they would be quickly
taken over by bureaucrats more
concerned about their careers than
about customers. Except this time,
there will be no choice and nowhere to
turn when things go wrong.
Imagine what it would be like living
in such a country. Where you are
frowned upon for making money, or
branded a traitor for criticising the
politicians who control an increasing
share of our lives. I don’t think that’s
a society any of us want, especially
those just starting out. They are
Snapchatting, pop-up-shopping,
online-trading freedom fighters. They
don’t want po-faced, humourless
socialists banning fun and controlling
every part of our lives.
We are motivated by making money
– and that’s a good thing. It’s the rich
and established who benefit when
people from ordinary backgrounds
can’t make it big. So instead of
frowning on success and promising
endless handouts, we should give
young people the freedom to succeed
and channel their go-getting attitude
to tackle the big issues we face.
FOLLOW Liz Truss
on Twitter
@trussliz;
READ MORE at
telegraph.co.uk/
opinion
Refresh is a new
initiative by
young people, for
young people,
to provide a
free-market
response to
Britain’s biggest
issues. Find us on
Facebook and
@TeleRefresh
In housing, for example, where
the answer is more market, not less.
More land to build on and more small
construction firms competing with
established players will push down
prices and make ownership a reality
for millions. The same goes for energy,
where we need a shake-up that delivers
more competition. And to turbocharge
these changes, we need to unleash
the energy, audacity and disruptive
thinking of the next generation.
So I welcome the Telegraph’s Refresh
campaign, which will engage young
people and bring energy and urgency
to developing radical, free-market
solutions to challenges like housing
and equality of opportunity.
And on the eve of the local elections,
I urge everyone to pick up their flat
whites, don their blue and fight for
the values of freedom, individual
endeavour and opportunity that got us
where we are today – a freer and more
prosperous society than we have ever
been. Because if we can double down
on those values as we leave the EU, we
can build a richer, more self-confident,
lean-in Britain where everyone,
regardless of background, has the
opportunity to change the world.
Liz Truss is Chief Secretary to the
Treasury
***
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 26 April 2018
19
Letters to the Editor
Those who worked are told to sell their homes to pay for those who didn’t Illegal immigration
SIR – Simon Stevens, the head of the
NHS, proposes that older people
should sell their homes to fund social
care (report, April 25). Why?
This is a generation that worked
hard to get their own homes. We were
not allowed to sit on our backsides and
hold our hands out for benefits. At the
labour exchange, you were offered
three jobs and if one was not taken
then your allowances were stopped.
It’s always those who have worked
who pay for those who haven’t. Are we
saying to youngsters: live for today,
spend your money and then let the
government look after you?
Mary Boyles
New Rossington, South Yorkshire
The racism in
Labour’s ranks
A
Jewish Labour MP attending a party
disciplinary hearing about alleged
anti-Semitism yesterday was
protected by 40 colleagues from
Left-wing activists who had gathered
to heckle her. Meanwhile, in the
House of Commons, Jeremy Corbyn was accusing
the Prime Minister of presiding over a policy
“hostile” to immigrants when she was home
secretary. The implication was that the Tories were
indifferent to the concerns of immigrants and the
recent debacle over the residency rights of the
Windrush generation was proof of their attitude.
Ahead of local elections next week, the two main
parties face the most toxic charge that can be
levelled against a political group: racism. But the
Windrush mess, which has left people who have
lived here for decades in serious difficulties, while
lamentable, is clearly an administrative blunder by
the Home Office, not a deliberate policy.
By contrast, what is going on in Labour is of a
different order of magnitude. As we report today,
the Left does not take the allegations of antiSemitism seriously at all. They think it is all a plot
by moderate MPs to undermine Mr Corbyn by
smear. Len McCluskey, leader of the Unite trade
union and therefore the party’s most powerful
benefactor, has even gone so far as to encourage
activists to purge five MPs who have been
prominent in their criticism on this subject.
Yet Ruth Smeeth, the MP whose colleagues
accompanied her yesterday, told the Commons just
days ago of the vile anti-Semitic abuse she has
received, much of it from people claiming to be
supporters of Mr Corbyn. Another Jewish MP,
Luciana Berger, said that “within the Labour Party,
anti-Semitism is now more commonplace, it is
more conspicuous and it is more corrosive”.
The Windrush issue is a blot on the
Government’s copy book, though successive
governments are guilty of failing to clarify the
rights of the people affected. But the anti-Semitism
evinced by the Momentum wing of Labour is tied
into an anti-American and anti-Israel worldview
whose most prominent proponent is Mr Corbyn
himself. He is unwilling to move against those who
should be kicked out of the party, like Ken
Livingstone, because they are his supporters and
friends. He has made the required noises against
anti-Semitism without doing anything about it.
Before Mr Corbyn points to the mote in the Tory
eye, he should consider the beam in his own.
Village heroes
A
n extraordinary food renaissance has taken
place in Britain in recent years based around
the provision of locally sourced produce. In
the countryside, shops, pubs, butchers and rural
enterprises are championing high-quality meat,
game, cheeses, fruit and vegetables often farmed,
shot, made or grown within a few miles’ radius.
For those living in towns and cities, used to
seeing their supermarkets stocked with imported
foodstuffs all year round, they serve as a reminder
of the seasonal delights of home-grown provender.
The best examples were on parade at the House of
Lords yesterday where the Countryside Alliance
staged its 13th awards ceremony known as the
Rural Oscars. The Telegraph plaque for Best Village
Shop was won by Pontrilas Post Office and Store in
Herefordshire.
This is run as a social enterprise and has become
the hub of the local community, a meeting place as
well as somewhere to shop and, remarkably, still a
flourishing post office. It also helps to look after
elderly and isolated people in rural areas where
traditional support systems like the family and the
Church are far weaker than they once were.
The village shop holds lunch clubs for the
elderly and has a dementia-friendly arts and crafts
café. On Christmas Day, it welcomed 14 villagers
for lunch. As Michael Gove, the Environment
Secretary, observed at the awards ceremony, rural
Britain thrives through the dedication and
resilience of its unsung heroes. Political discourse
is too often driven by metropolitan considerations
to the exclusion of rural affairs. This was a
celebration of the ingenuity, inventiveness and
rootedness of those who form the backbone of
the nation.
Lobsters like us
N
o one, given the choice, should be unkind to
a lobster. Michael Gove, the Environment
Secretary, wants us not to boil the creatures
alive, not at least without stunning them first. This
is well and good, even if it does spoil the taste, but
will it stop there? If you were a new-caught lobster
and had rubber bands put round your claws to stop
you nipping the fish-cook’s finger, you’d be very
frustrated. If you were a lobster on death row,
hanging around in a tank of water with a few other
lobsters to whom you had not been introduced,
you’d be bored and bad-tempered. What about
your very distant cousins, the oysters? You’d hate
to see them uttering their ostreaceous last words as
they slid down the throats of heartless seafoodfanciers. Granted, you are not a lobster, but the
law may soon pretend that a lobster is like you.
SIR – It is difficult to disagree that
house equity should be used to cover
an owner’s social care costs.
This not least because the bulk
of that value is likely to have been
a mostly speculative (or at least
unearned) gain. The need to reduce
the tax burden that must otherwise fall
on non-property owners must prevail
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@LettersDesk
SIR – Mr Stevens says the old should
sell their homes, as they are in a
“relatively advantaged position” over
the young. Has he not realised that the
young expect to inherit those homes?
John Stephenson
Marlow, Buckinghamshire
SIR – Mr Stevens’s solution appears to
be short-term, for a single generation.
Home ownership is dropping and
SIR – The quoted figure of 700,000
illegal immigrants residing in Britain
(report, April 25) is in itself staggering,
but given the Home Office’s persistent
record of understating its own
incompetence, this is almost certainly
an underestimate.
We have in Britain a woeful level of
prevention, an inability to detect and
apprehend those already here illegally,
and now a Foreign Secretary who
holds out the prospect of citizenship
to anyone reaching these shores by
whatever means, as long as he or she
keeps their head down. What more
encouragement do economic migrants
and their traffickers need?
Steve Haynes
Chichester, West Sussex
the young find it increasingly difficult
to buy a property. Once home-owners
have been forced to pay for their care,
how will the next generation’s be paid
for? They’ll have no assets to plunder.
Roger Gentry
Sutton-at-Hone, Kent
SIR – I, like many pensioners, agree
with Simon Stevens. However, we
cannot progress until a united front is
presented to local authorities, which
for a number of years have refused
to pay the economic costs of care for
those who have fewer assets.
It is clearly wrong that those who
do own houses should provide a
substantial subsidy to the council.
Who in Government will stand up and
insist this wrong is corrected?
R F Solly
Flitwick, Bedfordshire
SIR – Could Boris Johnson elaborate
on exactly what documentation a
“10-year” illegal immigrant would
need to show to confirm date of
arrival?
G P Brown
Norwich
SIR – At what point did the nation’s
private housing become the property
of the state, to disburse as it thinks fit?
Barry Hughes
Lytham St Annes, Lancashire
Tied to EU tariffs
Traditional counties
SIR – Further to your excellent
coverage of our campaign to restore
awareness of Britain’s traditional
counties (report, April 23), it is true
that these historical entities still
exist in law (Letters, April 24).
As our Ipsos-Mori survey also
showed, the new administrative areas
introduced by the 1974 reforms caused
huge confusion. As secretary of state,
Eric Pickles did recognise the old
counties in 2013.
The hard work starts now in
enforcing such recognition as
necessary; hence our campaign with
the Conservative MP Henry Smith and
other parliamentarians to get a Bill
into statute.
Gerard Dugdill
British Counties Campaign
Enfield, Middlesex
SIR – The 1974 government reform
resulted in unwanted boundary
changes and new county names.
Here in East Yorkshire, we thought
we had got rid of “North Humberside”
many years ago, but the police, NHS,
fire service, banks and so on have
clung at least to the “Humberside”
part, which includes northern
Lincolnshire.
That encourages people from other
parts of the country to continue using
it in postal communication, though
last month I was disgusted to receive
a publication from elsewhere in
Yorkshire so addressed.
Any chance of our three Ridings
returning, with York as their
independent centre?
Phillip Crossland
Driffield, East Yorkshire
Offline banking
SIR – The difficulties experienced by
TSB in its effort to update its computer
systems, which prevented customers
from accessing their accounts online
(report, April 24), are a perfect
illustration of why the banks should
not be closing so many of their high
street branches.
C J Allan
Heswall, Wirral
GETTY IMAGES
established 1855
over an understandable desire to leave
assets to descendants.
It might be less contentious and
painful if the value of a home on a
person entering care was regarded
as collateral for a government loan to
cover care costs. The property would
be sold and the care amount recouped
after the owner’s death.
Being, ultimately, a charge on
society, care costs of those without
either property or assets should be
funded from a designated inheritance
tax receipts fund.
Tony Stone
Oxted, Surrey
SIR – Staying in the customs union
(report, April 24) not only prevents
us from negotiating trade deals with
other countries but also ties us to
existing arrangements that the EU
has in place, mainly to protect French
farmers and German industry.
How many people know, for
example, that they pay an EU tariff on
butter from Australia or New Zealand
of £1.50 per kilogram? Or £2 or £3 on
a leg of lamb from those countries?
This tariff goes to the EU, not to
the country of import. These are just
some of the items subject to EU taxes
which, if removed, would considerably
reduce the cost of food in Britain.
Why is this not more forcibly
pointed out by our Government?
Bernard Howe
Rhu, Dunbartonshire
The play’s the thing
Curiosity can be dangerous for cats. Once under the farm door, is it safe on the outside?
Banning electric collars would harm more cats
siR – Michael Gove is proposing a
ban of the use of electric collars for
cats. Thousands of cat owners use
these collars in combination with
electronic containment fences to
stop cats from straying from their
gardens and into the street. As
many as 300,000 cats are killed by
traffic every year and even more are
seriously injured, so these fences
make a significant contribution to
animal welfare.
In its consultation document, the
Government presents no evidence
in favour of a ban on these collars,
whereas peer-reviewed evidence
(N Kasbaoui et al, PLOS One, 2016)
demonstrates that no long-term
welfare issues result from their use.
As Emeritus Professor of Feline
Medicine at Bristol University and
deputy chairman of the charity
Cats Protection, I have dedicated
my career to the welfare of cats.
I would implore the Government
to recognise that containment
fences are entirely different from
dog training collars, and not to ban
them. A ban would condemn many
cats to unnecessary suffering and
death.
Professor Timothy Gruffydd-Jones
Bristol
siR – Our dog is a rescue terrier
and, by the time we adopted him,
he already had a strong hunting
instinct. We worked hard to retrain
him, but to no avail, and, despite our
house being fully fenced, he got out
and was hit by a car while chasing a
pheasant out of our driveway.
Our vet recommended installing
an electric containment fence, so
we did. Our dog learnt quickly, by
receiving approximately four mild
shocks, all of which were preceded
by a beep when he approached the
edges of the garden. He now knows
exactly where the boundary is.
The risk of his being injured or
killed on the road far outweighs
the discomfort of those four small
electric pulses.
Antonia Thompson
Leigh, Surrey
Slices of time pie
Disraeli’s dining table versus Edward Heath’s
SIR – The main loss suffered by pupils
who cannot read an analogue clock
(report, April 25) is being unable to
visualise time segmentally in order to
apportion it to exam answers and “see”
how much is left.
Running a household depends on
much the same skill.
Eleanor Patrick
Elsdon, Northumberland
SIR – Long table or round (Letters,
April 25)? The choice is between
Benjamin Disraeli and Edward Heath.
Hughenden, Disraeli’s house, has
a round table for six. In Salisbury,
Heath’s table has four seats a side and
one at the head. I’d prefer a seat at
Disraeli’s, not just for his conversation.
Ralph Berry
Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire
SIR – Wynne Weston-Davies (Letters,
April 21) is not exactly right. Surely
the shape of the table is to do with
the shape of the room – square room,
round table.
Conversation flowed wonderfully
around my round table for eight in
my square dining room.
Gill Maden
Bexhill, East Sussex
SIR – The actress Sierra Boggess has
withdrawn from the role of Maria in
West Side Story on the grounds that
the role should be played by a Puerto
Rican actress (report, April 25).
This makes me wonder where it
will lead. Will a Dane be required for
Hamlet in future?
Pies Hubbard
Sanderstead, Surrey
Greasy spoon
SIR – Readers have been discussing
possible alternatives to plastic tea and
coffee “stirrers” (Letters, April 25).
In the Sixties, a strategically placed
tea bar on the A1, appropriately named
Joe’s Hygienic Café, had a single spoon
on a piece of elastic hanging from the
ceiling for all to use.
William McFadzean
Swansea
SIR – Quite the best stirrer is a plant
label. It also doubles as a bookmark.
Penny Adie
South Molton, Devon
SIR – One of the delights of a
cappuccino is consuming the froth.
This is not possible with the slivers
of wooden stirrers now offered by
some establishments.
We need spoons, please.
David Leech
Balcombe, West Sussex
SIR – I always have a plastic spoon
in my handbag. I also have nine
grandchildren.
Have you ever attended to a
two-year-old with a dripping
ice-cream cornet?
Ann Flute
Bampton, Oxfordshire
Humans remain masters of the machines
The TSB computer
meltdown shows why we
will never accept being
slaves to technology
HARRY DE
QUETTEVILLE
LE
I
remember very clearly my father’s
initial scepticism about electric car
windows. He was sure that the new
gizmos would soon break, and that
when they did, there would be no way
of repairing them. You didn’t need to
be an engineer to understand the
good old wind-up mechanism, and if it
did go wrong any garage could fix it.
Customers of TSB must be feeling
something similar today. As the digital
banking technologies they have come
to rely on crumbled this week, who
could blame them for hankering after
the good old days of cash money and
chequebook and pen?
Their powerlessness has only been
amplified by the very evident chaos at
the bank.
It is dispiriting enough to feel, as we
all have at one time, in the maw of an
all-powerful, uncaring institution. But
that’s almost reassuring compared
with the realisation that such
institutions, faced by technological
meltdowns of complex, multilayered
systems, are actually as impotent as
we are.
TSB is just the latest example. Think
of the NHS, brought low by the
WannaCry bug. Or of the British
Airways shutdown last summer that
left tens of thousands stranded. The
airline scratched its head for a while,
then declared that an engineer had
switched the power to a major data
centre off and on again.
To millions of us, this represented a
great irony, familiar as we are with
mysteriously recalcitrant digital
devices and beleaguered technical
support teams offering the same
advice, over and over: “Have you tried
turning it off and on again?”
Frankly, they might as well be
ancient augurs advising ill-fated
Homeric heroes to sacrifice 100 bulls
to this Olympian deity or that, hoping
against hope that it will solve matters.
Because as with the Gods in classical
times, many technologies today are so
opaque and complex that our fortunes
appear controlled by mechanisms
utterly beyond our grasp. When
things go wrong our only strategy,
now as 2,500 years ago, is to bow
down and pray.
No wonder this doesn’t always feel
like progress. And as technology gets
more and more complex, won’t things
only get worse? Won’t we end up
being enslaved, not liberated, by
technological foul-ups as inexplicable
and unopposable as thunderbolts
from the heavens?
The answer, reassuringly, is no. It is
interesting that the shutdowns I
described above – at TSB, the NHS and
BA – all affected legacy operators,
burdened with huge legacy IT systems
that are very hard to update. I recently
spoke to Anne Boden, who runs the
new, online-only Starling Bank. She
used to be chief operating officer at
Allied Irish Banks. But then she
realised that it would actually be
easier to leave and start a whole new
bank than update AIB’s old system.
That’s quite a message – that it is
easier to win new customers than
update old systems. But it ought to be
a hugely reassuring one for the
consumer. Because it shows that we
customers – and our desires – are still
the biggest prize for businesses.
Indeed, this trend is only getting
more pronounced as technologydriven start-ups fight for your
attention and cash. Across the world,
from China to Silicon Valley, new
companies have a more relentless
focus than ever on delivering what
people want.
For years now, that has been
convenience. We live in the age of
convenience. So online retailers like
Amazon have made it ever easier for
us to shop (and increasingly watch,
and listen and myriad other things)
from our sofas or phones.
When convenience is married with
value, it is an almost overwhelmingly
tempting proposition. But
increasingly we are beginning to
associate value with things other than
ticket price.
Facebook is the obvious example.
Many of us didn’t know, or weren’t
inclined to ask, how Facebook made
its money. So to all intents and
purposes, it was a free service. Very
tempting. But that has changed. A
survey out recently revealed that
three-quarters of Britons now know
that it makes its money largely
through collecting data about users,
the better to target them with
advertising. Less tempting?
New legislation, coming into force
in a month, will only accelerate
customers’ ability to reclaim power
over personal data online – part of a
dance between governments,
businesses and individuals that has
accompanied every great leap forward.
There is no reason for that to stop
now. Technology – from jet engines to
MRIs to electric windows – has long
been beyond our ken. That doesn’t
mean we can’t challenge it, demand
improvement and then benefit.
In fact, as tech gets ever more
complex, an ever greater premium
will be placed on those companies
which cannot only deliver the benefits
of, say, artificial intelligence, but also
explain how they are doing so.
Convenience is one thing. But without
transparency, humans cannot have
agency. And we’ve always put a
supreme value on that.
Nick Timothy is away
FOLLOW Harry de Quetteville on
Twitter @harrydq; READ MORE at
telegraph.co.uk/opinion
20
***
Thursday 26 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Puzzles, mind games and Telegraph Toughie
Puzzles Test your wits with our famous crosswords puzzles.telegraph.co.uk
UZ Z L E S
P
Enjoy all
your favourite
puzzles online
If you haven’t joined yet,
try our free trial now at
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1.
3.
FAMILY
FEATURES
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 26 April 2018
***
21
G
Gap Mum
D
Do I really want an
In
Instagram baby?
P
Page 22
attract. Trump must crave some of
Macron’s youth and trim vigour. He
most likely feels an ineffable pang
(to which he will not be able to put a
name) when confronted by someone
with a sense of style and taste he
could never emulate.
And consider the other men
Trump loves. His sons Donald Jr
( just 10 days younger than Macron)
and Eric Trump look like botched
wannabe versions of Macron and
his daughter Ivanka’s husband Jared
Kushner. Trump detests effeminacy
in men – it should be noted Steve
Bannon and Sean Spicer had to go
when Rosie O’Donnell impersonated
them on Saturday Night Live.
Macron’s contained masculinity
is appealing. Plus Macron is an
outsider: unlike so many insiders,
he will not “betray” this sensitive,
snowflake president.
As a compulsive creator of chaos,
Trump will also envy the apparent
order of Macron’s domestic record
so far: imagine if the worst thing
you had to worry about was a strike
‘Opposites attract:
Trump must crave
some of Macron’s
youth and vigour’
FEATURE
EDUCATION
Upping the pressure
How to cope with the
new GCSEs Page 23
INTERVIEW
Frank Skinner
‘I think I’m a better
Johnny Cash than
Joaquin Phoenix’
Page 24
LUDOVIC MARIN/AFP/GETTY IMAGES
Family secret
What three-time
grandparents are
hiding Page 23
Is it a real bromance
– or Trumped up?
The ‘close’ relationship between the US dandruff-flicker and the
younger French Alpha male could end in tears, says Nick Curtis
A
bromance is more
than a friendship:
it carries a whiff
of the illicit, the
sudden and the
unexpected – the
bombshell “pash”
of (usually) one
straight man
for another. The love-in between
presidents Donald Trump and
Emmanuel Macron in Washington this
week has been a textbook case and
quite extraordinary to witness.
We have watched agog
as the US President has
alternately gushed over his
handsome visitor like a lovesick
schoolgirl, then tried to recover
some macho poise, then come over
all bashful and simpering again.
Meanwhile, the two leaders’ wives
smiled tightly in the background
looking, as some internet wags
noted, as glum as the women in
divorce-era Abba.
“They’re saying what a
great relationship we have
and they are actually correct,”
drooled the Donald over Macron
in Tuesday’s White House press
conference. Then he flicked dandruff
from Macron’s shoulder, an act of
by rail workers, rather than mass
shootings, a nascent race war and
Stormy Daniels. Trump may also
covet the appeal of a man who, like
him, was elected by a groundswell
movement that came seemingly from
nowhere, but who is popular rather
than merely populist.
Finally, it’s worth noting that
Trump is a prime candidate for
a bromance, as he seems to view
women as commodities or sex toys,
rather than human beings he could
truly relate to. Which may make it
awkward when it comes to Prime
Minister May’s relationship with the
hyper-masculine Trump. Can you
imagine him tucking an out of place
hair behind her ear? Exactly.
Of course, there have been other
great bromances on the world stage.
The one between Prince Harry and
Barack Obama is ongoing; the one
assertion and humiliation seemingly
between Tony Blair and George W
on a par with the aggressive Trumpian Bush was the opposite of Trump and
handshake inflicted (and resisted)
Macron, with the younger, eager
on their first meeting,
European the suppliant
but actually a display
partner to the
of fear from an
swaggering older
ageing Alpha male
American. We can
to the new kid on
see how bromances
Bonding: Donald Trump
the block.
have flourished
gives his French counterpart
Then came the
throughout history
Emmanuel Macron a manly
overcompensation.
and in literature,
handshake
“We have to make him
too. Shakespeare’s
perfect,” Trump blurted.
plays are full of men
“He IS perfect!”
who strike up sudden,
Jeez: get a room.
passionate relationships, as
But why Macron, when the
are the Greek myths. Again,
American President could have his
here, it is perhaps useful to draw a
pick of strongmen and nationalists
distinction between bromance, and
among the world’s leaders to single
sexual love. Achilles was “in love”
out for a special relationship? The two with Patroclus during the Trojan
disagree on policy in Iran and Syria,
War, just as Antonio is in love with
over climate change and trade.
Sebastian in Twelfth Night. Hamlet
What’s more, Macron comes from
and Horatio are friends, as are Ant
a country anathema to Trump’s
and Dec and Socrates and Plato.
electoral base, a nation of effete,
But Falstaff and Prince Hal have a
snobbish, cheese-eating “surrender
bromance, as do Sherlock Holmes
monkeys”, whose refusal to back the
and Dr Watson.
invasion of Iraq in 2003 resulted in
However, unless it develops into
French Fries being renamed Freedom
a proper friendship (see Barack
Fries in congressional cafeterias. In
Obama, again, and Joe Biden) a
person, Macron is dapper, suave, reads bromance will rarely last. It burns
philosophy and listens to classical
too hot and brightly to endure and
music. He married an older woman
can end in tears.
because he loved her. He’s the antiNow turn the page to find out
Trump.
how to read their body language
But in a bromance, opposites
22
***
Thursday 26 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
FEATURES
True love,
or all just
presidential
monkey
business?
T H R E E T E E N S A N D A B A BY
D I A RY O F A G A P M U M
LIZ FRASER
1
2
3
4
This week:
I’ve joined
the mums of
Instagram
– but have
never felt
lonelier
A
lmost two years ago,
Nigel Farage compared
Donald Trump to “a
big gorilla”. He meant
it as a compliment,
but it also raised
an important question: is the US
President any more evolved than a
large, ground-dwelling ape?
In the past two days since
Emmanuel Macron and his wife,
Brigitte, arrived in Washington DC
for their US state visit, Trump has
groomed, patted, air-kissed, patted
again, held hands with, hugged,
kissed a little more, co-planted a
tree with, pulled, and firmly gripped
his French counterpart in a series
of body language power-plays
that’s put all their many previous
bromantic tussles to shame.
But what would a real expert in
primate behaviour make of it all?
Would Sir David Attenborough or
Dame Jane Goodall make just as
effective an interpreter of Trump as
a human psychologist or, say, Jon
Sopel? Let’s break it down.
‘Is Trump any
more evolved
than a large
ape?’
2 Teeth-baring
It isn’t often we see Donald Trump
smile. In fact, in James Comey’s book,
the former FBI director states there is
only one example of Trump laughing
(it’s at Clinton’s expense). This week,
however, there has been plenty of
baring of teeth. But what does that
mean? Last year, researchers at the
University of Lincoln discovered
that in monkeys, at least, a baring of
teeth is often mistaken for a smile by
foolhardy tourists. In reality, it is an
gg
act of aggression,
and often comes
before a b
bite. Watch this space…
1 Grooming
In what was arguably the most
rimate
blatant display of large primate
behaviour, Trump made the
bizarre move of plucking a speck of
“dandruff ” from Macron’ss lapel. The
French President looked confused;
h himself;
Trump, very pleased with
g on?
but what was really going
This behaviour,
which researchers call
“allogrooming”, is both
hygienic and essential
in sorting the social
hierarchy. It dictates
access to food, sex and
social support. Goodall
had a more appropriate
theory. “When the
ageing gorilla is confronted with the
much more virile new Alpha male, he
shows submissiveness by grooming
the Alpha male, but the gesture is
actually a vain attempt by the old
gorilla to humiliate his much younger
rival ape.”
Pulling
3 Pull
5
One llarge primate forcing another
to follow them. An act of aggression,
devotion
devotion, or insecurity? According
to C
Chimpanzees: A Gestural
L
Lexicon, which academics at
tthe University of St Andrews
put together in 2014, a great
ape pulling another can
mean several things. One
is “move closer”, another is
“climb on me” and a third
is “travel with me”. We
can only assume it was the
second in this instance.
AP/GETTY IMAGES
Hand-holding, grooming
– Trump and Macron are
displaying very familiar
behaviour, says Guy Kelly
4 Excessive hand-holding
If this week’s visit was dominated
by anything, it was the excessive
hand-hold. Macron and Trump have
previously fought over who could
shake hands the longest, but this time
Trump could barely let go. It may just
be desperate affection. In 2016, a video
of a chimp called Terry constantly
holding hands with his new love,
Jeannie, warmed hearts. Terry had
spent 18 years alone and was just
delighted to see a friend.
“Terry and Jeannie hold hands all
through breakfast. These two chimps
are reminding us of the beauty that
can be found in simply holding hands,”
Save the Chimps said. Maybe Trump
is just glad to have someone who’s
pleased to see him?
5 Alpha-male back-pats
It has been noted before that
Trump enjoys a strong Alpha-male
back-pat. It’s a patronising tap,
somewhere between a hug and a
play-fight, and he probably read about
it in a business manual he pretended
to write in the Eighties.
Macron gives as good as he gets,
though, regularly landing a blow on
Trump’s upper quarters. Gorillas
love a good game of tag. A few years
ago, researchers at the University of
Portsmouth noticed that gorillas lower
on the social ladder were usually the
taggers. The low-status gorillas used
the taps as an ego boost.
Now it all makes sense…
‘If there’s
a massive
global
motherhood
shebang
going on,
then I
want an
invitation’
P
arenting has
barely changed
since the first
cave-mother
popped out a
cave-baby,
crouched over her
Ikea-thal mammoth-skin
rug. It’s basically an
exhaustion battle: they
keep us up all night, we try
to tire them out all day.
(They always win.) But
each generation does
things differently.
My previous three
pregnancies were in the
pre-smartphone era, and I
have one photo of any of
those bumps. ONE. And I
shared it with zero people.
Everything I knew
about pregnancy, I got
from talking with other
mums over a cup of instant
coffee and a custard
cream, or flicking through
a hopelessly out-dated
book.
In between, there was a
lot of alone-time; but I
never felt lonely. I was
happy just… being. We
knew no other way.
This time, things could
hardly be more different.
Thanks to the World Wide
Mothernet, I can interact
with millions of other
parents all day and night
from the palm of my hand.
And I am curious.
Curious to learn about this
New Parenting Party.
Consequently, I am
spending a lot of time
scrolling – through
thousands of photos of
bumps, breasts and babies.
I watch videos posted by
parents from Portugal to
Peru, France to the Faroe
Islands. I’ve almost come
to know them; I celebrate
pregnancy milestones,
recognise their children,
and await news of births of
babies that I’ll never know,
but whose lives I feel
bizarrely connected to.
And as my scroll-a-thon
continues, I want in. If
there’s a massive global
motherhood shebang
going on, then I want an
invitation. So, like every
other Thoroughly Modern
Pregnant Woman, I set up
an Instagram and start
documenting my progress
in tiny squares. What I’m
wearing. What I’m eating.
Bump photos. Exercise
updates. I learn to hashtag
keywords to connect me to
even more people. I learn
#TransformationTuesday
and #tbt (Throwback
Thursday – do keep up). As
my followers rise and I feel
more connected to my
new, 4x2-inch friends, I
even use #preggo, despite
an almost physically
violent dislike of the term.
But it’s worth it – look at
the responses! I am so
connected!
Yet, despite all this
online connection, I feel a
growing sense of offline
disconnection.
Though I am barely
alone for a moment, with
all my cyber-friends, I feel
more lonely than I can
remember. Loneliness,
after all, is worst when one
is surrounded by others.
I know there’s a positive
aspect to it all, of course.
For millions of us, sharing
our lives online – the
global coffee morning and
the “Thank God it’s not
just me!” reassurance of
the Mother-network – is a
source of support, fun,
happiness and help. That’s
fantastic, everyone should
use it as they want to; I’ve
enjoyed it, and been
helped by it, many times.
But something in the
constant distraction, the
never-ending snapping,
beeping, and pressure to
respond and engage,
people’s growing absence
and relentless connection,
makes me uneasy.
I’m not about to walk
away from it all, and I still
enjoy it. But as I watch
families sitting in silence
talking to strangers online,
babies seeing the back of a
phone instead of Mum’s
face, toddlers playing up to
the camera the minute a
phone is out, I start to
think that maybe there is
something wrong with
this – and I was lucky to
have had my first three
children before it existed.
I want to try and find a
way to recreate some of
that pre-smartphone
world for our new baby.
Once I’ve shared an edited
photo with news of her
birth online, of course.
Next time: Weighing less
than 1lb, my baby is trying
to come out
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 26 April 2018
S
***
23
FAMILY
The truth about three-time grandparents
Blessed: the Prince
of Wales, left,
and Michael and
Carole Middleton,
right. The Duke
and Duchess of
Cambridge with
their newborn
son, bottom.
Below right, Sue
Weedon and Janet
Coles with their
grandchildren
As Prince Charles
confesses he’s not
sure how he will
cope with three
grandchildren,
Jane Corry offers
some reassurance
W
EDDIE MULHOLLAND; GETTY IMAGES
hen Janet Coles’s
third grandchild
was born, she
was on holiday
in France. “I
remember
whipping back to see him, thinking:
‘Golly, how is this all going to work
out? I’ve already got two wonderful
granddaughters. Will I feel the
same for this one?’ ”
In fact, as soon as Janet clapped
eyes on baby Sebastian, she felt
“exactly the same sense of elation”
as she had with his siblings.
No doubt this will be something
Carole Middleton will also feel.
And while the Prince of Wales is
obviously delighted at the birth of
his latest grandchild, he did joke on
Tuesday: “I don’t know how I am
going to keep up with them.” They
might also be heartened to know
there is an army of grandparents out
there who are wondering whether
that reservoir of grandparental
love and energy is big enough for
a growing brood. After all, two
grandchildren per child is often the
norm. But a third can be a surprise
and possibly (dare we say it?) a bit of
a burden.
Obviously, the practical side is
covered when you are from a royal
dynasty and there’s plenty of paid
childcare help on tap, but those
visceral feelings about how to fit lots
of grandchildren into what are meant
to be the golden years of your life can
affect us all.
There are other worries, too.
What if you’ve already got two of
one sex and are desperate for a
granddaughter or grandson? Will
your own relationship with their
parents affect the way you do, or
don’t, bond with the new baby? Can
any child be as special as the first
grandchild?
“Initially, I thought I bonded so
well with Sebi because he was my
first grandson,” adds Janet, who is 75
and lives in Worcester. “But now I
have 10 grandchildren, ranging in age
from 11 to 19. I can honestly say
that I love them all the same
ys – a bit
but in different ways
h your own
like you might with
children.”
Cari Rosen, editorr of
Gransnet (gransnet..
y
com), agrees. “Many
people assume
there’s something
special about the
first grandchild.
But when others
come along, you
appreciate each
one for their
different qualities
and relate to them
in different ways.
Perhaps there is
one who makes you
laugh, one who is
o
thoughtful, one who
ho’s
likes to talk, one who’s
full of mischief, or one
who reminds you off
en
your own child when
they were young. Each will have a
pl
unique and special place
in your heart.”
Yet there’s no doub
doubt that some
grandparent simply “click”
grandparents
wit certain
better with
grandch
grandchildren.
gra
“A grandmother
might
be more lenient with a
boy or girl because
sh found it easier
she
t bring up a
to
s or daughter
son
herself,” says Tina
Elven, founder
of Support 4
Kids. “Your
re
relationship with
the baby’s parents
als comes into play.
also
Ag
grandmother who
ge
gets on very well
wi
with her daughter
mi
might bond better
wi
with her children
tha
than with those of an
adu
adult child whom she
still finds difficult. Or
a gra
grandparent might
Prepare for stress and shouting
– GCSE hell is nearly upon us
D
oor slamming.
Arguments. Tears and
tantrums. Despair and
dejection. And that’s
just the parents. Yes,
it’s almost GCSE time,
folks, when homes across the land,
especially mine, are mired in misery.
It’s a well-worn tradition, like
Lent, but with shouting and Dairy
Milk. But parents like me are feeling
worse than ever, having lived
through the mocks and heard the
terrible accounts of being paralysed
in exam halls like deer in headlights.
But this is far from being the sameold, same-old story of exam hell. This
year is very different. Why? Because
these GCSEs will be the hardest
exams Britain’s children have faced
in a generation and our young people
are, I fear, being set up to fail.
“We started getting a lot of
distraught parents on the phone,”
says Caroline Stanton of crammer
experts Justin Craig, which provides
day and residential courses for
around 5,000 GCSE and A-level
students every year. “They were
calling us because their children
were so confused by mock exams,
which are a lot more challenging.”
Last year, new, harder English
and maths exams were introduced,
along with a number grading system
instead of letters. Tests were promptly
dubbed “Big Fat GCSEs” because
they dramatically raised the academic
bar. Those pupils were the proverbial
canaries in Gove’s curricular coal
mine and just about survived.
But this year’s cohort will be the
first facing a full complement of ultrarigorous exams. Stanton says: “A lot
of subjects previously had substantial
coursework; that’s all gone now in
most cases. It’s just exams, and the
fact grades are now numbered has
increased the confusion.”
Results are presented numerically,
from nine down to one. Thus, a three
is a D or low C and a four is a C. A
five equates to a low B and a six to
a high B. Grade seven is an A and
anything above equates to an A*. This
is in order to differentiate between
candidates at the higher end of the
scale – even absolutely outstanding
GETTY IMAGES
With children facing
the toughest exams in a
generation, Judith Woods
feels under siege
Knuckle down: students and parents alike feel the pressure this time of year
candidates are unlikely to achieve a
straight run of nines.
But new exams are harder because
the curriculum is crammed with more
content aimed to stretch our children
after a long period of grade inflation.
“The Blair government decided to hold
schools and local authorities to account
for pupils’ performance,” says Prof
Alan Smithers, head of the Centre for
Education and Employment Research
at the University of Buckingham. “The
pressure was passed on to exam boards,
so papers got easier.”
As a parent, I have no problem with
injecting more rigour into education.
REVISION HACKS
FOR PARENTS
Don’t nag
If you can’t stop
yourself, try and
do it with good
humour. Keep
things light.
Fill the fridge
It’s not just an
army that
marches on its
stomach.
Home-baking is
ideal; you might
even get a hug.
Stay at home
Cancelling your
own social life is
a powerful sign
of solidarity.
Be
encouraging
Assure your
children you
have faith in
them and the
only thing that
matters is doing
their best.
Cultivate
calmness
No matter how
monstrous your
child is
behaving, take it
on the chin and
pour yourself
another glass of
wine. Staying
calm is key.
High standards are an admirable goal.
But having glanced at the punitively
difficult mock physics and chemistry
exams, they bear a far greater
similarity to my science A-levels than
my O-levels.
And because the exams are now
harder, the exam board regulator
Ofqual has decreed that grades will
be based on comparative outcomes.
This means that broadly the same
proportion of children will receive a
C or a B or an A as before – even if it
means lowering the grade boundaries
needed to achieve each level.
Last year, the new maths GCSE was
so tough candidates achieved a four,
which is an old grade C, with just 18
per cent of the overall mark. In what
parallel world does that make any
sense? By comparison, a grade nine
required pupils to achieve 79 per cent
and above.
That’s fine if you’ve hit the
mathematically gifted jackpot, but
it feels egregiously unfair to expect
averagely intelligent children to toil
away at an exam that is geared towards
the top few per cent.
What’s truly frightening, from the
perspective of a parent like me, is that
GCSE results have never been more
important. Universities casting their
eye over candidates used to look at the
results from AS exams taken in the first
year of A-level. These have been axed,
however, so in future universities will
only have GCSEs to go by when making
offers to sixth formers.
It will take at least a couple of years
for this new system to settle down and,
as a parent, I feel for now all I can do is
cross my fingers and hope for the best.
see it as their chance to ‘start again’.”
Grandchild number three also
heralds a more relaxed era, according
to 53-year-old Sue Weedon from
Okehampton, Devon, who has four
granddaughters ranging from six
months to 10 years.
“When the first two were born, my
daughter-in-law, Lucy, was, like many
new mums, quite protective, but when
Sophia (now five) came along, she was
far more relaxed, which made me do
the same as a grandmother. Lucy was
happy for me to look after her while
she took the older children to their
clubs and activities. We still love doing
puzzles together and craft activities.”
The presence of a step-grandparent
can also bring its own issues. One
grandmother told me she had “no
interest whatsoever” in any of her
husband’s grandchildren, because
they were part of his life before her.
Luckily, this isn’t always the case.
“My granddaughters have three
step-grandads,” says Sue. “But it’s my
ex-husband, who helped me bring up
my two older sons, who is particularly
hands on. They love him as if he was
their blood grandfather.”
One gets the feeling that the
Duchess of Cornwall will be a natural
step-grandmother to the third, just
as she probably is to George and
Charlotte, but it is desperately sad the
Princess of Wales was denied
the joys of grannyhood. My
own mother died young
and one of my abiding
regrets is that she wasn’t
around for the arrival of
her third grandchild.
Although this
may not apply to the
Windsors, number
three also brings extra
financial pressures.
“Grandparents sometimes
worry that this will be too much
of a strain for their own children,”
according to Tina Elven. “So they
might not accept the news of a
third as excitedly as they did
a first.”
Your own lifestyle and
health can also makes
a difference. Jan, 63
from Birmingham, has
three granddaughters
(through her daughter)
and is very “hands-on”.
“I do feel tired at
times but I think that’s
the responsibility, especially
when you help to look after
them all. My ‘granny duties’ definitely
impinge on our own retirement time
and I’ve had to cut down on some of
my own interests. Having said that, of
course I feel lucky to have them.”
A grandparent/grandchild
relationship can also need working
on like any other. “I have to admit
that our third granddaughter Emily
was very clingy to her parents and
didn’t want much to do with us at the
beginning,” adds Jan. “But now that
she is five, we are as close to her now
as we are to our first granddaughter.”
Which takes us on to another
thorny question – favouritism.
Jo Fitzgerald is a former early
years teacher, grandmother of
one and the founder of Tiny
Sponges, which helps
families with their
children’s emotional
well-being. She
always felt that
others were her
grandmother’s
favourite which, she
says, hurt. However,
she also accepts that
grandparents can be
naturally drawn to one
particular child in the family.
“If that’s the case,” says Jo,
“try not to show it and treat them
equally, both emotionally and
materially. And also try to
be fair with your time.”
The good news for
anyone about to be
a grandparent third
time round is that
you’re an old hand.
But watch out for
flattery. One mother
I know gave her third
child an extremely
unusual first name: “We
only did it to curry favour with
my husband’s grandmother, who
was rolling in it,” she confided to me
in the school car park. “It worked
and she left us the lot.”
Jane Corry is a grandmother of two
and the author of My Husband’s Wife
and Blood Sisters (Penguin Viking).
You can find her granny blog at
diaryofafirsttimegran.wordpress.com
24
***
Thursday 26 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Arts
down a much-coveted place at his
local grammar school in the West
Midlands (he grew up in a council
house and thought it would be full
of snobs), he was expelled from
Oldbury Technical Secondary School
at 16 for selling forged dinner tickets.
But after getting a job in an aircraft
parts factory, he put himself through
college, achieved his A-levels and went
on to get a degree in English followed
by a Masters at the University of
Warwick.
He did his first gig in 1987, aged 20.
Four years later, he beat Jack Dee and
Eddie Izzard to take the prestigious
Perrier Comedy Award at the
Edinburgh Festival Fringe. Then came
Fantasy Football League and a joint
chat show, as well as the hit song Three
Lions (Football’s Coming Home). Today,
as well as his Room 101 berth, he hosts
The Frank Skinner Show on Absolute
Radio every Saturday.
Does that make him famous-famous
or merely famous? Let’s just say on
his last stand-up tour he asked the
audience to rate his fame on a scale
from Madonna to the woman who
dumped a cat in a wheelie bin. The
result wasn’t always a given, although
he was estimated to be nearer the
singer than cat-bin-lady.
But by his own admission, kicking
the fags and especially the booze back
That smile: Frank
Skinner has a happy
relationship with
happiness. Left, he,
Ed Balls and Harry
Hill perform a
Formby song for the
Queen. Below right,
as Johnny Cash in
Urban Myths
Last weekend he played the ukulele for
HRH. Now he’s about to play Johnny Cash.
Frank Skinner talks to Judith Woods
I
t’s hard, when talking to
Frank Skinner, to get past
that smile. You know the one;
where he wrinkles his nose
and shows all of his teeth at
once. It’s a bit implausible
for a 61-year-old, isn’t it?
“I had no idea I smiled like
that,” says Skinner, smiling
exactly like that. “My partner, Cath,
says I suffer from an unnatural excess
of serotonin because I’m always
happy,” he continues in deadpan West
Bromwich tones. “She once came into
the kitchen and found me watching
my sausages cook through the glass
door of the oven while jumping up
and down with excitement. I am the
best audience member in the world: I
laugh at everything. Especially myself,
because I am the funniest man on the
planet. The only person who’s allowed
to be funnier than me is [my fiveyear-old son] Buzz; I really hope he
becomes a comedian.”
Skinner has made a massive success
out of being funny: bar a few years
in the late Noughties, when he left
our screens to do some stand-up,
he has barely been off TV, from his
laddish period in the Nineties with
David Baddiel on Fantasy Football
League to the game show Room 101,
which he continues to present on BBC
One. But viewers are about to see a
very different side to him when he
appears in a self-penned homage to
Johnny Cash, in the Sky Arts Urban
Myths series entitled Johnny Cash
and the Ostrich. The drama is loosely
based on a surreal but true episode in
the singer’s life, when he was badly
injured by one of a pair of ostriches he
kept at his home in Tennessee.
It’s Skinner’s first foray into proper
acting and he does a fine job of
portraying the singer at a low ebb,
battling with painkiller addiction and
alcoholism, perhaps partly because
Skinner’s own relationship with
alcohol (he is now teetotal) started
with Johnny Cash.
His first visit to the pub was to see
a gig by a Cash impersonator; later,
Cash became his drinking soundtrack
of choice. “Cash was such a character
and I’d been singing his songs in his
voice ever since I was a kid, so it was a
no-brainer [for me to play him],” says
Skinner. “Sky suggested that I not only
write it and star in it but I could direct
it if I wanted. But I thought, ‘No, that’s
too much of a power-grab’.”
Presumably he’s seen Joaquin
Phoenix’s much-lauded 2005 film
version Walk the Line? He has. “I think
‘Johnny Cash was such a
character, and I’d been
singing his songs in his
voice ever since I was a kid’
HEATHCLIFF O’MALLEY; JOHN STILLWELL/PA; MARK JOHNSON
‘The Queen
gave me a
royal decree!’
I’m better. I like my Johnny Cash more
than his.”
I can’t help wondering whether he
will pass his towering self-belief on to
his son, born when Skinner was 56.
“When Buzz was born, my major
worry was leaving him in the lurch by
keeling over,” says Skinner. “As long as
I can get him through university age,
I’ll feel I’ve done my job. I think 18 is
the point where you’ve drained your
parents dry; you’ve sucked most of the
juice out of them so you really don’t
need their husks.”
Judging from Skinner’s energy,
he has no intention of dying any
time soon either off on or stage.
Performing, with all its risk and
jeopardy, remains his life’s blood.
When we meet he is fresh from his
performance at the Queen’s 92nd
birthday party concert at the Royal
Albert Hall, when he, Ed Balls and
Harry Hill joined the massed ukuleles
of the George Formby Society.
“I play a little but I’m certainly
not in the same league as the George
Formby Society,” Skinner says. “But
when you’re all playing together it
sounds brilliant.” In fairness, the
Queen is a Formby fan, so it was
probably the highlight of her evening.
“The wonderful thing was, after
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the genuine global superstars who
appeared on stage, we brought things
a little more lo-fi; it was very British,
very traditional and very eccentric.”
“Afterwards, I met the Queen and
Prince Charles under what can only
be described as surreal circumstances.
We were waiting in the wings to go
on for the finale and the Queen and
Charles just appeared beside us.” At
that point, Ed Balls started to head for
the stage and called out for Skinner to
get a move on.
“The Queen called, ‘Frank! Frank!
Hurry up’,” says Skinner. “That was
literally a royal decree – I can tell you
I’ve never moved that fast in my life.”
Skinner’s unquashable ebullience
may have something to do with
the fact his career has been on an
unshakeable upwards course ever
since he left university. Having turned
in 1986 was the deciding factor in his
life. “I liked being sober and I liked
being hammered, I just had a real
problem with the states in between
so I just stopped. I’d love to be able to
drink in moderation, but I can’t. So I
don’t.”
Sobriety coincided with the start
of Skinner’s comedy career, initially
as part of the late Eighties alternative
comedy scene that radically changed
comedy, which up until then had
been routinely sexist, racist and
homophobic. Does he think stand-up
has changed radically again since
then?
“Back then, we were self-policing,”
says Skinner. “These days it’s become
a bit like vigilantes trying to catch
out each other for saying the wrong
thing. We’re living in the age of new
Puritanism. To paraphrase Descartes:
I’m offended, therefore I am.”
Happily he is still able to find
plenty of comic mileage in the new
political climate. “At a show the other
day, I decided to talk to an audience
member in the front row who was in
a wheelchair,” he recounts. “I asked
her, ‘So what sort of speed can you
get?’ and some other woman shouted
out, ‘You’re identifying her by her
disability!’
“I said, ‘I’ll be honest, that’s the
reason why most comedians don’t
talk to people in wheelchairs; in
case someone like you yells at them’.
Then I turned to the woman in the
wheelchair and said, ‘I won’t be
speaking to you again, you’re trouble’,”
he chuckles. “When I addressed the
audience saying, ‘I don’t know who to
talk to next’, this other lovely middleaged woman pipes up, ‘I’m a lesbian, if
that helps?’ Brought the house down.”
Urban Myths: Johnny Cash and the Ostrich
is tonight on Sky Arts at 9pm
**
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 26 April 2018
25
Arts
Is Spotify
killing
songwriting?
Gender
wars take
centre stage
Theatre
The Writer
Almeida
★★★★★
By Dominic Cavendish
I
I
n an LA studio, a well-known
songwriter is desecrating Michael
Jackson’s Billie Jean. With a few
clicks, out goes the 1982 hit’s
famous opening. Instead, the song
starts with its chorus. Another
few clicks, and its bridge – where the
track climaxes in a hail of adrenalinpumping guitar licks and iconic Jacko
“woos!” – is gone. High-pitched, glitchy
noises known as “vocal chops” –
manipulated vocals that have been
chopped up – are dotted throughout:
you might not know the term, but they
are an absolute mainstay of mainstream
commercial pop now because of the
way their deliberately jagged sound
grabs the ear of listeners.
What remains is pretty horrible: the
song’s story of a shady seductress
jumbled beyond comprehension, the
way it bubbles and boils towards its
anthemic chorus ruined. To today’s
pop moneymakers, though, it’s
nirvana. “If Billie Jean was written
today, that’s probably what it would
have to sound like,” explains the
songwriter, who massacred the track
to prove a point. “Otherwise a label
might never release it.”
For that, we have Spotify to thank.
In the 12 years since the music
streaming service was founded by
Swedish entrepreneur Daniel Ek, it’s
reshaped the way we listen to music.
Last year, streaming overtook
downloads, vinyl and CD sales as the
industry’s main money-spinner for the
first time. At the end of 2017, Spotify
boasted 71 million paying subscribers
across 65 countries and this week
made its debut on the New York Stock
Exchange, valued at £18.5 billion.
It’s the digital age’s answer to a
record shop, radio station and music
magazine all in one: today Spotify
playlists – collections of songs curated
by staff and algorithms based on what
else you listen to – are the number one
way to discover new music.
There’s no doubt that Spotify has
transformed a music industry
seemingly in terminal decline thanks to
falling revenues. Yet if it has changed
the way we access pop music, there’s
g g
growing concern that it’s also changing
the music itself.. Writers for some of the
planet’s biggestt artists claim the tech
r-break power over
giant’s make-or-break
ach listeners has led to
what singles reach
writers having to tailor their music for
thms, transforming how
Spotify’s algorithms,
n.
music is written.
“If someone skips a track in
onds, Spotify
the first 15 seconds,
interprets that as a sign the
d punishes
song sucks, and
the song. The more
ikely it
skips, the less likely
is to turn up in
playlists,” says the
ho’s
songwriter, who’s
written charttoppers for
Grammy
award-winning artists but who wishes
to remain anonymous for fear that
speaking out may damage his future
releases’ chances of success on Spotify
(several others declined to talk at all).
The only way around it, he says, is
to start each song with its catchiest bit,
or “hook.” It’s the reason why Ariana
Grande’s latest single No Tears Left to
Cry leaps straight into its infectious
chorus and why Ed Sheeran’s Shape of
You begins with the marimba melody
that carries the rest of the song.
“When everyone is having to tick
the same boxes, everything ends up
sounding the same,” says the
songwriter. “It’s extremely damaging
to what pop is supposed to be:
eclectic, spontaneous and fun.”
One pop song at the heart of this
debate is British breakout artist Dua
Lipa’s hit single New Rules. That song,
which recently surpassed 750 million
streams, helped make the 22-year-old
the most-streamed female artist
among UK listeners on Spotify in 2017,
beating Taylor Swift and Beyoncé.
The track couldn’t be more perfectly
named: from its straight-to-business
intro to its bass-heavy mix, optimised
to sound good on tinny laptop and
phone speakers, it seems torn from a
new pop songwriting rule book,
tweaked for streaming success.
“I’ve been in writing sessions where
someone will say: ‘We need to make
this more Spotify-friendly’,” says one
of the song’s writers, Emily Warren,
who has also co-written hits for Fifth
Harmony and Little Mix. “It’s not a
good way to be creative, but it’s not
smart to ignore it either.”
Of course, factory line approaches
to pop music are nothing new. Record
labels like Motown, Brill Building and
Stock Aitken and Waterman are
famous for near-surgically shaping
releases to the target audiences. Pop
artists have operated within the
confines of what major radio stations
deem desirable since the Fifties. But at
least there was always a huge variety
of radio stations available, meaning a
lack of success on one didn’t
necessarily spell doom.
p
y competitor-crushing
p
g
Spotify’s
dominance means
songwriters are forced to
lea
play by their rules, leading
to a more homogenis
homogenised
pop landscape. Imagi
Imagine if
all books were forced to
open with an explosive
set-piece, if all films
rev
begin with a big reveal.
songwriter
Most songwriters
cho
don’t have any choice,
tic
however, but to tick
artis
“boxes”. If an artist
PA
As the streaming service aims for world
domination, it’s having a ruinous effect on
what we listen to, discovers Al Horner
now! I want the song to be done so I
can listen to the next one!’” (According
to data, 35 per cent of songs are
skipped within the first 30 seconds.)
Yet songwriter Dan Wilson, who has
written for Adele and Taylor Swift, is
philosophical. “The [pop writing]
format has always fit around the
platform,” he says, having been
writing chart-topping tracks for more
than 20 years. “David Byrne’s How
Music Works points out that the length
of time a song lasts was mainly decided
by the amount of seconds you could
squeeze onto a 45 [RPM record]. Not
much has changed – we still listen to
three and half minute songs today.”
He also thinks that pop’s restless love
Radio rebel: tracks such as New Rules by
Dua Lipa, above, and Ed Sheeran’s Shape
of You, below, are ideal for today’s Spotify
age. Spotify founder Daniel Ek, above
releases a song that doesn’t get on
New Music Friday, the flagship playlist
with 2.5 million subscribers, “it may as
well not exist,” says Warren. This is
because, in 2018, festival
programmers, radio executives, gig
promoters and everyone in between
use Spotify streaming numbers as a
metric to gauge artists’ popularity and
thus to decide which artists to
program or songs to play.
There are other platforms such as
Deezer and Apple Music who likely
have similar algorithms, which have
also contributed to the rise of an era of
pop built around dreams of streaming
success. But Spotify was the first, is the
biggest and holds the most power.
“We’re completely at the mercy of
them as artists,” says Warren. “It’s also
a reflection of the world we live in.
People are obsessed with their phones
and technology and expect everything
instantaneously. So it makes sense
they would be like: ‘I want the chorus
Even infinity has some limitations
Avengers: Infinity Wars A
Film
12A cert, 149 min
★★★★★
Dirs Joe and Anthony Russo
Starring Robert Downey Jr, Chris
Evans, Josh Brolin, Chris
Hemsworth, Scarlett Johansson,
Mark Ruffalo, Karen Gillan, Chris
Pratt, Elizabeth Olsen, Tom Holland,
Zoë Saldana, Dave Bautista,
Chadwick Boseman, Letitia Wright,
Danai Gurira
By Tim Robey
fter the origin stories, the
sequels sliding all over the
quality spectrum, the Marvel
Cinematic Universe ascends to a state
of supernova in Avengers: Infinity War.
This is the one with every thus-farestablished Marvel champion thrown
in, plus some freshly fledged
reinforcements, such as Chadwick
Boseman’s Black Panther, Benedict
Cumberbatch’s Doctor Strange, and
Tom Holland’s new Spider-Man.
The villain is Josh Brolin’s Thanos,
and he needs to be a big deal or the
film can’t work. He has comprehensive
plans for pulverising the known
universe, involving six different jewels
known as Infinity Stones. Close
observers of Marvel lore will know
where each one of these coloured
rocks is – one’s in the forehead of
Superherofest:
Doctor Strange
(Benedict
Cumberbatch),
Tony Stark (Robert
Downey Jr), Bruce
Banner (Mark
Ruffalo) and Wong
(Benedict Wong)
go to war
Vision (Paul Bettany), another around
the neck of Doctor Strange, and so on.
Yet the effects job on Brolin (Thanos
is a huge hulk of a being) thwarts his
usual authority as an actor. He’s like
some outsize ogre-thug beamed in
from World of Warcraft. A subplot
involving his adopted daughter
Gamora (Zoë Saldana) labours to give
him depth, but you feel the effort.
Thank heavens, then, for his skullfaced wizardy sidekick, one Ebony
Maw (Tom Vaughan-Lawlor), who
drawls his dialogue with a campy
British accent and glides around,
manipulating rubble with his fingers.
The movie could do with more of him.
The Russo brothers, who direct, are
on firmer ground pitting their good
guys against each other – for comedy
or friction – than pushing any of them
up against Thanos. Chris Pratt’s alpha
status as Star Lord Peter Quill takes an
amusing hit as soon as Thor, with his
more impressive macho credentials,
boards his ship and there’s good stuff
with Danai Gurira’s proud Wakandan
warrior Okoye shooting withering
glances at her alleged new allies.
The exorbitant action scenes hit all
the necessary crowd-pleasing buttons,
but for a movie with infinite potential
– Doctor Strange, who gets a good
look-in, counts 14 million possible
outcomes to the final battle – it often
feels like plot by numbers. Death rears
its head and it leaves absolutely
no doubt that Avengers 4 is going to
contain some serious avenging.
for innovation and reinvention will
prove its saviour. “If songwriters feel
held back by the rule book, they should
rip out that page,” he says. “A lot of
great art comes from artists rebelling
against constraints.”
Listeners, he says, will thank them
(and he may be right: the boom in
popularity for grime occurred despite,
or perhaps because of, artists like
Stormzy and Skepta’s defiance of new
pop writing norms). “Music fans’
imaginations are always enticed by
what isn’t being fed to them every day.
Soon, someone will do something
opposite, and that will spark new
trends.” Rules are meant for breaking,
in other words. Even Dua Lipa’s.
n a recent interview, Romola Garai
– one of the four actors in Ella
Hickson’s new play – said that The
Writer is audibly dividing audiences
every night. I well believe her.
The opening scene establishes the
evening’s archly theatrical conceptual
framework. A young woman (Lara
Rossi) has returned to the auditorium
to retrieve a bag; she encounters
an older man (Samuel West) who’s
intrigued by the immediate sense that
she didn’t like the play. He’s unrattled
as she unleashes entertaining arias
of disgust at the female-objectifying,
politically irrelevant work she has seen.
Explaining he’s on “the board”,
he invites her to write a play. In fact
he’s actually the director and years
ago propositioned her when she
was starting out. “Stop playing the
victim,” West’s character retorts as she
challenges him. A similar defensive
contempt oozes from the male director
(Michael Gould) we see in the next
scene when it’s revealed that what
we’ve just witnessed is a work-inprogress penned by Garai’s angrynervy Writer.
The evening operates like an
elaborate conjuring act, playing
with artifice as we enter the Writer’s
domestic life, dominated by a sexually
proprietorial boyfriend (West again)
who can’t understand why she would
turn down a lucrative film adaptation
offer and spurn marriage and kids.
In exchanges both funny and true,
he challenges her refusal to settle
for ordinary life and her demand
for “more” – communicated with
palpable, plausible yearning by Garai.
Hickson takes on theatrical
imperatives and career expectations
in one fell swoop: underlining the
Writer’s fear of motherhood, fake lives
and commercial compromise.
The final simulated acts of lesbian
congress (Garai, Rossi), obscured
behind a sofa, lead to some awkward
questions about the need for power in
human relationships. Then it’s all over,
leaving us (well, some of us) gasping.
Until May 26. Tickets: 020 7359 4404;
almeida.co.uk
26
***
Thursday 26 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Court & Social
Court
Circular
WINDSOR CASTLE
April 25th
The Queen, Colonel-in-Chief,
this morning presented a
new Standard to the Royal
Tank Regiment at Windsor
Castle and was received by the
Colonel Commandant (Major
General John Patterson) and the
Regimental Colonel (Lieutenant
Colonel Stephen May).
Her Majesty was received in St
George’s Hall with a Royal Salute.
After the presentation, The
Queen was graciously pleased
to address the Regiment and the
Colonel Commandant replied.
Her Majesty afterwards met
former Colonels Commandant and
subsequently met members of the
Regimental Family in the Waterloo
Chamber.
By command of The Queen,
Mr Alistair Harrison (Marshal
of the Diplomatic Corps) called
upon His Excellency Mr Lazarus
Ombai Amayo at 45 Portland
Place, London W1, this morning
in order to bid farewell to His
Excellency upon relinquishing
his appointment as High
Commissioner for the Republic of
Kenya in London.
The Lord St John of Bletso
(Lord in Waiting) was present
at Heathrow Airport, London,
his evening upon the Arrival of
The President of the Republic
of Azerbaijan and welcomed
His Excellency on behalf of Her
Majesty.
CLARENCE HOUSE
April 25th
The Prince of Wales, on behalf
of The Queen, this morning
attended the World War I
Centenary at the Australian
National Memorial, VillersBretonneux, France.
Miss Bernadette Smith and
Major Harry Pilcher were in
attendance.
KENSINGTON PALACE
April 25th
The Duke of Cambridge and
Prince Henry of Wales this
morning attended the ANZAC
Day Service of Commemoration
and Thanksgiving in Westminster
Abbey, London SW1.
KENSINGTON PALACE
April 25th
Prince Henry of Wales this
morning attended the ANZAC
Day Dawn Service at Hyde Park
Corner, London W1, and was
received by Mr Paul Knapman
(Deputy Lieutenant of Greater
London).
His Royal Highness, on behalf
of The Queen, later laid a wreath
at the Cenotaph, London SW1,
to commemorate the ANZAC
Landings at Gallipoli.
BUCKINGHAM PALACE
April 25th
The Duke of York, Founder,
Pitch@Palace, this afternoon held
Pitch@Palace 9.0 at St James’s
Other notice
Palace for entrepreneurs and
supporters.
BUCKINGHAM PALACE
April 25th
The Earl of Wessex, Patron, the
Tennis and Rackets Association,
today attended the ProfessionalAmateur Tournament at The
Queen’s Club, Palliser Road,
London W14.
The Countess of Wessex this
morning visited the Weeping
Window display in Hereford
Cathedral and was received by
Her Majesty’s Lord-Lieutenant
of Herefordshire (the Dowager
Countess of Darnley).
Her Royal Highness this
afternoon visited Hereford Cider
Museum, Pomona Place, Hereford.
BUCKINGHAM PALACE
April 25th
The Princess Royal, President, the
Mission to Seafarers Limited, this
afternoon attended a Luncheon
at the Baltic Exchange, 38 St Mary
Axe, London EC3.
Her Royal Highness, Patron,
RNVR Youth Sail Training Trust,
afterwards attended a Trustees’
Meeting at Pennington Manches
LLP, 125 Wood Street, London EC2.
The Princess Royal, Patron, this
evening presented the Whitley
Fund for Nature Annual Awards at
the Royal Geographical Society, 1
Kensington Gore, London SW7, and
was received by Sir Michael Dixon
(Deputy Lieutenant of Greater
London).
KENSINGTON PALACE
April 25th
The Duke of Gloucester,
Colonel-in-Chief, The Royal
Anglian Regiment, this morning
received Lieutenant Colonel Guy
Foden upon relinquishing his
appointment as Commanding
Officer, 1st Battalion and
Lieutenant Colonel Phillip Moxey
upon assuming the appointment.
His Royal Highness, Patron,
Global Heritage Fund UK, this
afternoon attended a Luncheon at
the Garrick Club, 15 Garrick Street,
London WC2.
ST JAMES’S PALACE
April 25th
The Duke of Kent, Grand Master,
United Grand Lodge of England,
this afternoon attended the Annual
Investiture at Freemasons’ Hall, 60
Great Queen Street, London WC2.
Today’s birthdays
Sir Gordon Downey,
Parliamentary Commissioner
for Standards, 1995-98, is 90; Mr
J.C.B. Gosling, Principal of St
Edmund Hall, Oxford, 1982-96,
88; Sir Edward Cazalet, a former
High Court Judge, 82; Sir Roger
Buckley, a former High Court
Judge, 79; Sir Robin Jacob, a
former Lord Justice of Appeal,
77; Mr William Tudor John,
Deputy Chairman, Nationwide
Building Society, 2007-11, 74; Mr
Peter Schaufuss, ballet dancer,
producer, choreographer and
director, 68; Mr John Battle,
former Labour MP, 67; Sir David
Reddaway, former diplomat, 65;
Mr Justice Lane 65; the Marquess
of Bute, racing driver, 60; and
Mr Mark Serwotka, General
Secretary, Public and Commercial
Services Union, 55.
FIRST WORLD WAR
GALLIPOLI ASSOCIATION
Capt C.W.M. McLean and
Miss A.J. Regan
The engagement is announced
between Captain Charlie McLean,
Coldstream Guards, eldest son of
Mr and Mrs William McLean, of
Eyton-on-Severn, Shropshire, and
Amelia, daughter of Mr and Mrs
Jon Regan, of Mereworth, Kent.
Online ref: 552783
Mr A.J.W. Wilson and
Miss V.R. Gill
The engagement is announced
between Alasdair Jonathan
Windsor, only son of Mr and Mrs
David Wilson, of Pangbourne,
Berkshire, and Victoria Rose, only
daughter of Colonel and Mrs
Howard Gill, of Wymondham,
Norfolk.
Online ref: 552767
Mr L. Holmes-Reilly and
Ms P. Patel
The engagement is announced
between Lee, son of Mr Gary
Holmes-Reilly and Ms Anne
Holmes-Reilly, of Arnos Grove,
Enfield, and Prini, daughter of Mr
and Mrs Rohit Patel, of Harrow,
Middlesex.
Online ref: 552800
Mr R.J.N. Martin and
Miss E.C.L. Read
The engagement is announced
between Robert, son of Mr and
Mrs Roy Martin, of Haddington,
East Lothian, and Emily, younger
daughter of Mr and Mrs David
Read, of St Peter Port, Guernsey.
Online ref: 552807
Exeter Flotilla
Lt Chris Seaton, RNR, Chairman,
presided at the annual luncheon of
the Exeter Flotilla held yesterday
in the Officers' Mess, Commando
Training Centre, Royal Marines,
Lympstone. Lt Col Jon Coomber,
RM Chief of Staff, CTCRM, was the
principal guest, and the Flotilla
guest was Lt Jim Booth, RN.
The Gallipoli Association held its
annual wreath-laying service at the
Gallipoli Memorial in the Crypt of
St Paul’s yesterday to honour all
those who took part in the
Gallipoli Landings, April 25, 1915,
and served on the Peninsula and in
the Dardanelles. Canon Mark
Oakley, Chancellor of St Paul’s,
officiated. Mr Mark Lancaster, MP,
Minister of State for the Armed
Forces,the High Commissioner for
Australia, the Ambassador of
Turkey, the High Commissioner
for New Zealand, Mr Don Sexton,
Deputy Head of Mission, Irish
Embassy, Mr Trevor Mallard,
Speaker of the New Zealand House
of Representatives, Maj Gen Neil
Sexton, representing the Chief of
the General Staff, Rear-Adml John
Kingwell, representing the First
Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff,
Capt Christopher Fagan, President,
Gallipoli Association, and Brig
James Stopford, Chairman, were
among others present.
Appointments
in the Clergy
Revv Karen Greenidge, SSM c,
Emmanuel, Southall (London); to
be SSM p-in-c, All Hallows, North
Greenford (same dio); Sarah
Guinness, c, Buckhurst Hill
(Chelmsford), to be p-in-c,
Brentford tm (London); Mark Hay
to be assoc p, Longfleet (Salisbury);
Jonathan Carey Hill, asst c,
Fletchamstead (Coventry), to be v,
St Martin with the Transfiguration,
Hull (York); Juliette Hulme, chapl,
Wells Cathedral School (Bath and
Wells), to be tv, Nadder Valley
(Salisbury); Kelvin Inglis, r, St
Thomas and St Edmund, Salisbury
(Salisbury), to be also rd, Salisbury
(same dio); Joanna James, c,
Christ Church, Barnet (London), to
be i, St Paul, Mill Hill (same dio);
Canon Gary Jenkins, v, St James
and St Anne, Bermondsey, and also
hon can, Southwark Cathedral
(Southwark), to be also ad,
Bermondsey (same dio).
Bridge news
United and Cecil Club
Sir Graham Brady, MP, Chairman
of the 1922 Committee, was the
guest speaker at a dinner held by
the United and Cecil Club last
night at the Carlton Club. Mrs
Wendy Morton, MP, was in the
chair and Mr John V.C. Butcher
also spoke.
Diplomatic
appointment
Ms Corin Robertson has been
appointed Ambassador to Mexico
in succession to Mr Duncan
Taylor, who is retiring from the
Diplomatic Service. Ms Robertson
will take up her appointment in
October 2018.
The Carlton Bridge Club in
Edinburgh was the host for the
Scottish Bridge Union’s four
graded Individual championship
events, writes Julian Pottage,
Bridge Correspondent, and the
winners are as follows: Benjamin
for the top ranked players: 1st Jim
Hay, 58.54%; 2nd Anne Symons,
58.13%; and 3rd Harry Smith,
55.83%. Harrison for Regional
Masters and above: 1st Andy
Wilson, 63.13%; 2nd Jean
Armstrong, 58.75%; and 3rd Nicol
Taylor, 57.71%. Shenkin for Masters
and Scottish Masters: 1st Peter
Boni, 60.00%; 2nd Norman
Cooper, 59.38%; and 3rd Graham
Dempsey, 56.88%. Alan Fairlie for
District Masters and below: 1st
Tadeusz Janowski, 65.00%; 2nd
Denis Howell, 60.00%; and 3rd
Chris Smyth, 56.75%.
LONDON, FRIDAY APRIL 26, 1918
ABOARD THE VINDICTIVE
From Our Special Correspondent. Dover, Thursday.
In “our rough island story” no more daring or hazardous adventure has ever been carried out by the men of our fighting ships than
the attack on Ostend and Zeebrugge. This, of course, has been said
many times already, but it is only when, by visiting the ships which
returned, you have visualised the tremendous risks entailed and
the terrific nature of the ordeal through which they passed, that
the shining valour of the exploit stands out in all its full meaning.
Therefore, having been aboard the battered Vindictive, the Iris,
and the Daffodil, having had engraved on one’s mind the results of
the enemy’s fire, there seems an imperative call to say once again
that no finer piece of work than this is in the annals of the Navy.
Officers who were there are strictly modest in their accounts
of the affair. A man who had escaped death in a providential
manner made this significant remark: “Not many in the
whole shoot thought there was much more than a sporting
chance of coming back. It is certain that those on the block
ships did not.” These quietly spoken words, few though they
be, are eloquent of the bravery which inspired those who set
out to do this deed. As to the Zeebrugge end of the story, an
officer gave his version of the results thus:
“It will take the enemy many months to remove the obstruction.
Some people think he will do it in six months, but he may not succeed before the war is over. It was not a ‘bluff ’ business in any
sense, and if we have stopped 50 submarines from coming out it
means, naturally, much greater security for merchant shipping.
That definite object, I feel certain, was attained.”
Regarding Ostend, it is not possible to quote so confident an
assurance, as a sudden shift of the wind blew the fog screen
across the entrance to the harbour, and the exact position in
which the block ships were sunk between, the two piers
flanking its narrow entrance, was difficult to ascertain.
Therefore, whether the obstruction is as complete as is the
case at Zeebrugge is a point which remains to be settled.
It is not necessary to tell here the stirring tale of the Vindictive’s
part in the enterprise. That can be read elsewhere, in the words of
the captain himself, who emerged from the fight with a shrapnel
wound in the arm, and a feeling of pride that will be with him all
his days at the splendid behaviour of every man under his command. But of the ship lying peacefully in safe harbourage – bruised,
shattered, shell-ridden in all her upper works – something may
well be written. As the motor launch sped across the harbour and
the vessel came in full view, one glance sufficed to show how punishing had been the fire to which she was subjected. Her foremost
and after funnels, though still standing, are literally riddled with
wounds, some great, gasping apertures caused by the passage of a
whole shell, others smaller holes to be counted by the hundred,
where jagged lumps of shrapnel had torn a way through the metal.
The middle funnel had suffered comparatively little damage. I was
told that Vice-Admiral Roger Keyes gave the ship’s company a
horseshoe before starting, and it was affixed to the middle funnel,
where it remained until this morning.
Aboard the ship the eye rested everywhere on the litter and
the wreckage of a great fight. “They have mucked her up
right and good,” said a sailor. It just about expressed the
truth. Forward, the ship caught it particularly hot. The
bridge was smashed up, the signal room reduced to fragments, and the “flammenwerfer” house damaged. On every
side were evidences of the destructive effect of modern shellfire in a confined space like a ship. The fighting-top is still
standing, though a shell bored its way right through the supporting mast. Another shell unhappily burst in the top itself,
and killed or wounded all the occupants except two. A senior
officer had left the platform only two minutes earlier. Today
I ventured to congratulate him on his escape. “Yes, it was a
piece of luck,” he replied, quite simply.
KAYE.—On Saturday April 21st 2018, at
St George's Hospital, Tooting, at
2.56 p.m. to Lauren and Jason, a
beautiful son, Oscar Tate, weighing
1.4kgs. A little warrior for grandparents
Sean and Rae Condon, and Lisa Shine
and Robert Kadish.
Online ref: 552857
Diamond weddings
GRAY - PANTER.—60 years ago on
26th April 1958, at St Marks, Seremban.
Malaya, Michael to Gwyn.
Congratulations and fondest love from
all the family.
Online ref: A223521
PRINGLE - WINDETT.—On 26th April
1958, at St Paul's Church, Hadley Wood,
Herts, David to Angela. Retired to
Suffolk IP29 5PS.
Online ref: 551961
ALLEN.—Robert (Bob), of Grasmere, on
18th April 2018 peacefully at the Royal
Lancaster Infirmary, aged 82 years.
Loving husband, father and Grandpa.
Service of Thanksgiving will be held at
St Oswald’s Church, Grasmere on
Thursday 10th May at 1 p.m. Family
flowers only. Donations, if desired, to
North West Air Ambulance or Langdale
and Ambleside Mountain Rescue c/o
Edmondson Longmire Funeral Service.
Tel: 015394 43427.
Online ref: 552827
ALLMAN.—Geoffrey Colin, passed away
peacefully on 8th April 2018, aged 92
years. Sadly missed by all family and
friends. Funeral Service to take place at
Robin Hood Crematorium, Solihull on
Thursday 3rd May at 10.30 a.m.
Online ref: 552607
BLAGG.—Caroline Ann (née Fitzhugh)
died Tuesday 17th April, aged 77,
peacefully after a second stroke.
Beloved wife to Rex, cherished mother
to Stuart, Matthew and Annabel. A
Service to celebrate Caroline’s life will
be held at St Mary’s Church, Henley on
Friday 4th May at 2 p.m. No flowers,
any donations will be gratefully
received for the Acute Stroke Unit - RBH
and St Marys Church. Enquiries to
Tomalin & Son, 01491 573370.
Online ref: 552832
BROKER.—Martin Charles, of Burnham
on Sea. Passed away peacefully in The
Priory Nursing Home aged 60 years.
Martin will be sadly missed by his
family and friends. Funeral Service to be
held on Tuesday 8th May 2018 at St
Andrew's Church, Burnham on Sea at
12 noon followed by private family
committal. Family flowers only please
but donations, if desired, to Epilepsy
Research Foundation may be left after
the service or sent to P J Harris
Funeral Service, 2 Cross Street,
Burnham on Sea, TA8 1BN.
Tel: 01278 782886.
Online ref: 552829
BRUNT.—Alun Lewis, passed peacefully
on 22nd April, aged 86 years. Devoted
and much loved husband of the late
Barbara, father of Alyson, Papa of Harry,
Benedict and Amy, and father-in-law of
Simon. Funeral Service in Llandaff
Cathedral at 12.30 p.m. on Friday 4th
May, followed by a cremation at Cardiff
& Glamorgan Crematorium, Barry.
Family flowers only. Donations, if
desired, to the Alzheimer's Society,
Oldwell Court, Ty Gwyn Road, Penylan,
Cardiff, CF23 5AZ.
Online ref: 552861
DAVIS.—John Digby, died peacefully on
April 21st, aged 80. A decorated RAF
veteran and engineer. Beloved husband
of Ann, much loved Dad to Helen, Peter,
Louise, Paul and Jennifer, dear brother
to Sue and the late Alan. A special
grandfather and great-grandfather of
their respective families. Funeral
Service at Woodvale Crematorium,
Brighton on May 8th at 3 p.m. No
flowers please. Donations, if desired, to
The Royal Air Force Association c/o
Grace Funeral Directors.
Tel: 01273 813333.
Online ref: A223779
EVANS.—Dr Rachel Georgina FRCP
FRCPH of Blackheath, sadly passed away
on 31st March 2018, aged 84 years. Her
Funeral is on 2nd May at 12 noon,
St Mary's Catholic Church, 5 Creswell
Park, Blackheath.
Online ref: 552820
GIFFORD.—Margaret, aged 99, of the
Cotswold Home, Burford, Oxfordshire,
formerly of Orchard Court, Stonehouse,
died peacefully on 29th March
2018. Funeral to be held at Gloucester
Crematorium on Thursday 3rd May at
11.30 a.m. Donations, if desired, for
St. Nicholas, Standish and The
Cotswold Home, c/o L.W. Clutterbuck
Ltd, 24-26 High Street, Cam, Dursley,
Glos, GL11 5LE.
Online ref: 552866
GRIFFIN.—Gerda Hildegard (née
Bremer) passed away peacefully 16th
April 2018, aged 96. She will be greatly
missed by her family and friends.
Funeral Service Wednesday 2nd May,
10.40 a.m. at Mortlake Crematorium.
Enquiries to TH Sanders & Sons, 020
8876 5255.
Online ref: 552805
GRIFFITHS.—Captain TMA Griffiths,
Royal Artillery, later Major, TA and an
estate agent practicing in Redcar and
Middlesbrough, passed away peacefully
on 18th April 2018, aged 88. Sadly
missed by friends and family. Service at
Teesside Crematorium at 10.45 a.m.
27th April. Goodbye Soldier.
Online ref: A223770
HIDDERLEY.—John, of Wolston,
Warwickshire, died on Thursday 19th
April, aged 87 years old. Farmer, former
chairman of NFU Poultry Committee; JP
and Chair of the Rugby Justices until
1995. Beloved husband to Wilhelmina
for 38 years, and adored stepfather,
grandfather, brother, uncle and grand
uncle. Private burial service, followed by
a Celebration of his life at St Margaret's,
Wolston, on Wednesday 2nd May at
1 p.m. Donations to the Royal
Agricultural Benevolent Institution
RABI and The Myton Hospices. All
enquiries to A. Pargetter & Son, Funeral
Directors, City Mews, Lamb Street,
Coventry, CV1 4AE. (Tel. 02476 223343).
Online ref: 552851
HORNE.—Renira Margaret Ida, died
peacefully at home on Sunday 22nd
April at the age of 87 following a long
illness. Much loved mother of Camilla,
Alexandra and Vanessa, and beloved
grandmother to Auriol, Lizzie, Alistair,
Christopher (Kipper) and Ben. Funeral
private. “Absolutely no fuss” was her
specific request. All enquiries to Camp
Hopson Funeral Directors on
Tel: 01635 522210.
Online ref: A223777
MacCARTHY.—Dolores Mary (née
Collins) died peacefully on 20th April
2018. Beloved widow of Niall, mother of
Jacqui and Tressan, grandmother to
Finbarr, Rory, Jo, Sam, Jack and Charlie.
Funeral at St Mary's, Holly Place,
London NW3 6QU at 3 p.m. on 30th
April, reception afterwards at Tressan's
home. Family only cremation. Family
flowers only, donations, if desired, to
centrepoint.org.uk Thanksgiving
services to celebrate her life will be held
in Surrey in July and Schull (Co. Cork) in
August. Details to follow.
Online ref: A223776
MACKENZIE.—Dolores (née VynerBrooks), died peacefully on 9th April
2018, aged 80, widow of Lt Cdr Steven
Mackenzie. A Service of Thanksgiving
will be held at 2.30 p.m. on Friday 4th
May at St Andrew's Church, Tangmere,
PO20 2HA.
Online ref: A223741
MARTIN.—Brigid, of Came, Dorchester,
peacefully on 19th April 2018 aged 90.
Beloved mother, grandmother and great
grandmother. Private family funeral.
Donations to be divided between Save
the Children and The Churches
Conservation Trust may be made
payable to Funeral Donations Account
and sent c/o Grassby Funeral Service,
8 Princes Street, Dorchester DT1 1TW.
Tel: 01305 262338.
Online ref: 552785
PALMER.—Colin Attwell Lynch Palmer
FRCS, aged 89 years, on 16th April in
Sheffield. Formerly of Shanghai. Retired
eye surgeon. An internee of Yang Chow
Camp. Beloved husband of Jill, loving
father of Christopher and Simon and
sadly missed by all his extended family.
Service at Hutcliffe Wood Crematorium,
Sheffield on Thursday 10th May at
1.15 p.m. Enquiries to Jason Heath, John
Heath & Sons, Sheffield.
Online ref: 552799
PICKTHALL.—Sheila Ann (née Neville)
died peacefully on 22nd April 2018, aged
91. Much loved mother of Mark, Charles
and Sarah and grandmother of Guy,
Luke, Harvey, Louis, Giacomo and
Federico and beloved wife of Colin
(deceased). A Funeral Service will be
held at the Sacred Heart and St Aldhelm
Church, Sherborne, Dorset on 11th May
at 10 a.m. No flowers please, but
donations, if desired, to Marie Curie.
www.mariecurie.org.uk
Online ref: A223769
PITTS.—Dr Eric, died on 14th April,
aged 90. Funeral at St Mary the Virgin
Church Friston, East Sussex at 11.30 a.m.
Tuesday 1st May. No flowers, donations
to St Mary’s Church, Friston c/o Haine &
Son, 19 South Street, Eastbourne
BN21 4UJ.
Online ref: 552741
PURKISS.—David Purkiss, passed away
peacefully after a period of ill health on
April 7th, aged 91. A wonderful man and
dearly loved husband of fantastic wife,
mother and grandmother, Marie
Purkiss. He will be sadly missed. He
leaves his two children, Andy and Ruth,
and six grandchildren Daniel, Jack,
Rosanna, Kate, Tom and Charlotte.
Family Funeral at Worthing Tabernacle,
64 Chapel Road, Worthing BN11 1BN at
2 p.m. on April 26th.
Online ref: 552876
SAMMONS.—Roy, died suddenly at his
home aged 88 years. Much loved
husband of Miriam and father of Richard
and Stuart. His loss is felt keenly by his
family. Thanksgiving Service will be
held at 1.30 p.m. in Wolvercote
Cemetery Chapel, OX2 8EE on Thursday
10th May 2018. Heartfelt thanks to
Oxford Ambulance Response Team and
the emergency services, post event care
was exemplary. Family flowers only.
Donations, if desired, may be given to
RNLI or Médecins Sans Frontières c/o
Reeves and Pain Funeral Services, 22
Fairfax Centre, Kidlington, OX5 2PB.
Online ref: 552830
STEVENSON.—John Michael FFARCS.
Died 22nd April 2018, aged 84. Beloved
husband of Marian and father of
Richard and Meriel. Funeral Service to
take place at Markeaton Crematorium
on 10th May 2018 at 1.40 p.m. Family
flowers only. Donations to Alzheimer's
or Motor Neurone research. All
enquiries to Co-operative Funeralcare,
4a Park Farm Centre, Birchover Way,
Allestree, Derby DE22 2QN.
Online ref: 552862
THE SACRIFICES of God are a broken
spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O
God, thou wilt not despise.
Psalm 51.17
TEXT FOR THE DAY is provided by
the Bible Society.
WALLACE.—Ian Stuart on Tuesday
17th April 2018, at home, aged 72.
Beloved husband of Jane, much loved
father, father-in-law and grandfather.
A Service of Thanksgiving will be held
at All Saints Church, Farley, Wiltshire
on Thursday 7th June at 2.30 p.m.
Family flowers only, donations if
desired for UCLH Glioblastoma
Research Fund c/o I. N. Newman Ltd,
55 Winchester St, Salisbury, SP1 1HL.
Tel: 01722 413136.
Online ref: 552870
WILKINSON RIDDLE.—Sally (née Elt),
of Bevere. Passed away peacefully with
her family by her side on 16th April 2018,
aged 71 years. Loving partner of Gerry,
darling mummy of Deb and
mother-in-law of Jamie. She will be
sorely missed by all her family and
friend. Enquiries to: E J Gumery & Son.
Tel: 01905 22094.
Online ref: 552797
WILSON.—Edward "John", formerly
of Leigh-on-Sea, passed away
peacefully after a short illness, on 22nd
April 2018, aged 94. Beloved husband
of Mary for 61 years, much loved father
of Helen and Frances and father-in-law
of Jules and Stephen, dearest brother
of Barbara and adored "Pa" of Alice,
Florence, Joseph and Toby. He will be
greatly missed. Private family funeral.
No flowers please. Funeral Directors:
J Gorringe & Son, 55 Hare Lane,
Godalming GU7 3EF.
Online ref: A223732
YOUNG.—Jean Barbara Paterson, Lady
Young, died peacefully on Saturday
April 21st, aged 92. Adored wife of Dick
(Sir Richard Young) recently of Chipping
Campden and formerly of Bearley. Much
loved mother, grandmother and
great-grandmother. Funeral at St James'
Church Chipping Campden on Thursday
May 10th at 12 noon. Enquiries: Co-op
Funeralcare, 01386 446188.
Online ref: A223740
In memoriam
HARRISON.—David. Happy 72nd
birthday. Gone, but not forgotten,
Sandra, Tracy, Jason and Charlotte.
Online ref: 552902
***
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 26 April 2018
27
Obituaries
Emma Smith
Lt-Col John Cormack
Award-winning novelist whose writing career flourished again after half a century in obscurity
ROBERT DOISNEAU/GAMMA-RAPHO/GETTY
E
MMA SMITH, who has
died aged 94, looked set
fair in the late 1940s to
become one of Britain’s
leading novelists after
publishing two highly
successful books in her early
twenties; in the event she virtually
stopped writing, but in old age she
saw her early works republished to
renewed acclaim, and resumed her
career with two highly praised
volumes of autobiography.
She was able, in her early fiction,
to draw on a range of unusually
adventurous experiences for a
young middle-class woman of her
generation, having been spared
the expected life of secretarial
drudgery by the intervention of
the Second World War.
She was born Elspeth Hallsmith
in Newquay on August 21 1923,
into what she called “a deeply
unhappy, dysfunctional family”.
Her father Guthrie, a bank clerk
who had been badly affected by
his service in the Great War,
“overshadowed our family like a
black cloud”, she said.
He was prone to terrifying
outbursts and when she was 12,
not long after the family had
moved from Cornwall to
Dartmoor, she felt relief when he
abandoned his wife Janet and
their children to pursue a career as
a painter. In later life, though, she
came to appreciate how much he
had done, despite his other
shortcomings, to stimulate her
love of literature.
Early in the war she went to do
clerical work for a branch of the
War Office – or MI5, as she
admitted in later life – in Blenheim
Palace, but although glad to have
escaped home she was bored stiff,
and answered an advertisement for
women to work on canal
narrowboats that had been
grounded since their male crews
On the banks of the Seine in 1947 and, above right, sailing on the Stour in 1950
had been called up. Aged 19 she
found herself working with other
young women from all social
backgrounds on three-week roundtrips ferrying steel to Birmingham
and coal back to London.
It was physically demanding
work and lavatory facilities were
rudimentary – it was “bucket and
chuck it”, she recalled – but she
was proud to earn the respect of
bargemen and dockers, and found
the experience hugely liberating.
In 1948 she published Maidens’
Trip, a lightly fictionalised account
of her adventures, which won the
John Llewellyn Rhys Prize and
was a bestseller. “It was what
people wanted, something
light-hearted about the war,” she
reflected in old age.
In the meantime she had met the
film-maker Raymond “Bunny”
Keene when he asked her to dance
at the Gargoyle Club, and in 1946
she agreed to accompany him as a
gofer on a trip to India to make a
documentary about tea plantations.
The scriptwriter accompanying
the party was Laurie Lee, who
encouraged her early attempts at
writing (as she encouraged his) and
suggested that she take “Emma
Smith” as a pseudonym. “People
always tried to make me say I had a
love affair with Laurie,” she said in
2009. “But he was just a very good
friend. I went off [him], though –
he needed so much adulation.”
The contrast between drab
wartime London and the colour of
Bombay and Calcutta hit her “like
an explosion”, she said, and she
kept a detailed diary of her trip; on
her return she went to live in Paris
and started to write another novel
based on her experiences.
One day while working on her
typewriter by the Seine she was
unwittingly snapped by the
photographer Robert Doisneau.
The picture became one of the
most famous examples of his
work, but it was not until 2013 that
Emma Smith revealed herself to
be its subject.
Her second novel, The Far Cry,
was published in 1949; the story of
an English girl spirited off to India
by her neurotic father to escape the
clutches of his loathed ex-wife, her
mother, it proved to be Emma
Smith’s masterpiece. It was another
popular and critical success, and
won the James Tait Black Memorial
Prize. Elizabeth Bowen hailed “a
savage comedy with a vicious
streak … She brings to English
fiction something too often lacking:
a superabundant vitality.”
In 1951 Emma Smith married
Richard Stewart-Jones, an
architectural conservationist who
had once been the lover of James
Lees-Milne, a month after she had
met him at a new year ball. She
enjoyed a smart social life unlike
anything she had known before,
and lost interest in writing.
In 1957 her husband died of a
heart attack, leaving considerable
debts, and Emma Smith went to
live with her son and daughter in a
cottage with no electricity or
running water in Wales; she
occupied her time by writing
children’s books. She published
another novel for adults, The
Opportunity of a Lifetime, in 1978,
and the following year Maidens’
Trip was dramatised on BBC Two,
but it was not until 2002, when
Persephone Books reissued The Far
Cry as part of a series of neglected
classics by women, that her work
again received serious attention.
Emma Smith, who wore bright
colours and even as an
octogenarian had an air of 1930s
Bohemia, was delighted to receive
praise from writers such as Michael
Ondaatje. She decided to return to
writing for a wider audience, keen
to record her experiences for her
grandchildren.
Her two volumes of memoirs
were The Great Western Beach
(2008), describing her childhood
in Cornwall, and As Green As Grass
(2013), which dealt with her life up
to her marriage; it was typical of
her determined personality that
she finished the latter book
despite having broken her back.
Her publisher noted that she had
“total recall” and, unlike many
memoirists, invented nothing.
Emma Smith is survived by her
son and daughter.
Emma Smith, born August 21
1923, died April 24 2018
Harry Goodman
H
ARRY GOODMAN, who
has died aged 79, was a
trailblazing travel
entrepreneur who fuelled
the British appetite for sunshine
holidays in Florida.
Goodman was best known for
Intasun, the business he founded
in the early 1970s to provide
packages to European resorts at
prices well below scheduled air
fares; it grew to be the UK’s second
biggest tour operator behind
Thomson Holidays, the market
leader against which Intasun
competed, in Goodman’s words,
“like a Jack Russell snapping at a
big dog’s heels”.
He went on in 1979 to launch Air
Europe, which flew charter flights
for Intasun and later ran scheduled
European routes from Gatwick. At
the same time he saw the
opportunity to offer £139-a-week
holidays in Miami Beach, using
flights provided by Laker Airways
– and on the strength of that
success, his group, later renamed
International Leisure Group (ILG),
floated on the stock market in 1981.
A spate of acquisitions followed,
including Club 18-30, with its
“beach party” packages for
singles, and a clutch of London
hotels which Goodman
refurbished and sold at a healthy
profit. But he never developed a
comfortable relationship with the
City, which was as wary of his
playboy lifestyle as his appetite for
risk, and in 1987 he took his group
private again through a
management buy-out.
Expansion continued in Air
Europe, where Goodman
announced he would double the
fleet by buying 30 new Boeing
aircraft, and boasted that “we’ll
always have more passengers than
aircraft seats”. A high point was
the launch of scheduled flights to
Rome, where Goodman was
awarded an audience with Pope
John Paul II.
After the demise of British
Caledonian in 1988, Air Europe
could also claim to be Britain’s
second largest scheduled carrier
– attracting hostility from British
Airways, which briefed
investigators to find out whether
Goodman was secretly backed by
foreign investors, and was
believed to have been behind a
spate of lurid tabloid stories,
including revelations of “wild
parties” and a past conviction for
possession of cocaine.
It was not Goodman’s personal
foibles, however, but the wider
impact on tourism of the first Gulf
War that brought ILG to grief: it
collapsed with £500 million of
debts in 1991.
Harry Goodman was born in
London on November 12 1938. His
PA/PA ARCHIVE
Founder of Intasun package holidays who relished the high life and had an audience with the Pope
Goodman in 1987: ‘It’s only business’
father died in a car accident before
Harry was born; his mother,
Rebecca Aaronovich, from a
Latvian Jewish immigrant family,
then married Charles Goodman,
whose name Harry took. But after
Rebecca died of cancer and
Charles abandoned the family, the
12-year-old Harry went to live with
an uncle and aunt while his two
younger half-brothers were
consigned to an orphanage.
At 15, he left school to work as a
claims clerk – until a neighbour
offered him a job in a Hatton
Garden travel agency, which came
as a revelation to “a kid from the
East End who’d never been abroad
… I was going to airports and
visiting Spain, where … you could
drink all day and the sun shone.”
After National Service he
diverted briefly into running an
employment agency in Bond
Street, which he likened to “a
cattle market”. By his own
account, “I sold it two years later
and bought three travel agencies
from a dentist in south London” –
and in 1962 he founded Sunair,
marketing holidays to Spain and
Italy in what he described as “the
beginning of a gold rush”.
After selling Sunair in 1971, he
set his mind to creating a new
package holiday model in Intasun,
which made its breakthrough in
1974 by picking up 50,000
customers from the collapse of the
tour operator Clarksons. Likewise
in 1982, Goodman stepped in to
benefit from the demise of the
Laker empire.
If it was true, as one profile
reported, that Goodman “loved to
shove two fingers at sober-suited
City toffs”, it was also the case that
bankers who understood his
modus operandi grew to like him:
one invited him for a day at the
Badminton horse trials, where
Goodman showed up in a RollsRoyce convertible and a turquoise
suit, with a spectacular picnic.
Shortly before the collapse of
ILG, Goodman passed out at the
wheel and almost died. “I was
overweight, stressed and living an
unhealthy lifestyle,” he admitted.
“I was so busy trying to save my
business, I hadn’t noticed.” Four
weeks later he was also broke.
But after a period of quiescence
which he called his “wilderness
years”, he returned in 1997 to
launch TV Travel Shop, a
shopping channel, which was
successfully sold on four years
later. Goodman’s last venture, in
2005, was Totally Travel, offering
cruise bargains, which ended in
liquidation in 2012.
In later life Goodman was
philosophical about his career
reversals, and most proud of
having funded the Rebecca
Goodman Centre for deaf and
blind children in Walthamstow, in
memory of his mother: “That was
meaningful. The rest? For Christ’s
sake, it’s only business.”
Harry Goodman married first,
in 1962, Helen Ross, with whom he
had a son and a daughter.
Secondly, in 1977, he married Joy
McGeever, née Rosendale; they
had a daughter. He married his
third wife Yvonne in 1986; she
survives him, with his children.
Harry Goodman, born November
12 1938, died March 12 2018
Cecil Taylor
Free jazz pianist whose mercurial style challenged audiences but was praised by Jimmy Carter
On returning to New York he
formed his own quartet, with
which he recorded his first album,
Jazz Advance, in 1956. In the light
of Taylor’s later work, this sounds
quite conventional, if somewhat
angular at times. Recordings from
the next few years trace the
progress towards what would be
his own distinctive style.
Unfortunately for him, in late
1959 Ornette Coleman arrived in
New York with his band and
attracted all the attention. Despite
growing critical acclaim, Taylor’s
regular live work dwindled to
sporadic bookings in small clubs.
In 1962 this led to the grimly
farcical situation in which Down
Beat magazine hailed Taylor as its
“Rising Star”, while the rising star
himself was unemployed and
washing dishes to pay his rent.
An opportunity to make his first
visit to Europe arose later that year
and he spent six months playing in
Scandinavia. During that time he
recorded two live albums at the
Café Montmartre, Copenhagen.
Returning home at the end of the
year he found the situation as
bleak as before, in contrast to the
receptive Scandinavian scene.
Together with a group of
like-minded musicians, including
the trumpeter Michael Mantler,
trombonist Roswell Rudd and
saxophonist Archie Shepp, he
Cecil Taylor’s
highly physical
performances often
spilled over into
spontaneous
chanting, dancing
and recitations of
his poetry
REDFERNS
C
ECIL TAYLOR, who has
died aged 89, was the
pianist whose challenging
and mercurial playing
virtually defined the term “Free
Jazz”.
Like his near contemporary,
Ornette Coleman, Taylor
dispensed with elements such as
regular chorus structure, chord
sequences and (in Taylor’s case)
four beats to a bar, which had
hitherto been considered
essential. Of the two, Taylor
proved the more dauntingly
abstract, and his music was slow
in gaining a viable audience.
Cecil Percival Taylor was born
on March 15 1929 and brought up
in the New York borough of
Queens. His father was a chef and
his mother, whom he adored,
played piano and violin and valued
education and culture highly. She
took him to concerts and, when he
began learning the piano, insisted
on a routine of daily practice. She
died when he was aged 14.
Taylor went on to study piano at
the New York College of Music,
and later at the New England
Conservatory. He began going to
jazz clubs, hearing leading figures
such as Charlie Parker, Bud
Powell, Sarah Vaughan and
especially Duke Ellington, whose
“orchestral” approach to the piano
he greatly admired.
formed a collective, the Jazz
Composers’ Guild. When, in 1968,
they released an album with
Taylor as the featured soloist, the
tide had begun to turn. Taylor’s
band, the Cecil Taylor Unit, toured
Europe in 1969, playing at major
festivals, and he embarked on a
parallel career as a solo artist.
Concert promoters and their
audiences seemed no longer to be
so wary. Probably more were
prepared to set aside their
expectations of a “normal” jazz
performance. Whatever the case,
the experience could be quite
overwhelming. His phenomenal
piano technique was often
shatteringly loud, and his whole
approach so physically energetic
that it could spill over into
chanting and a kind of shuffling
dance. This probably helps explain
his fondness for duets with
drummers, of which there are
many recorded examples, among
the most admired being those with
Max Roach, Andrew Cyrille, Han
Bennink and Louis Moholo.
One notable case of the Taylor
effect on an unprepared listener
occurred during a jazz festival on
the White House lawn hosted by
the then President, Jimmy Carter.
As Taylor’s set ended, Carter
jumped to his feet and rushed over
to the stage. According to George
Wein, organiser of the show, “the
President took the pianist’s two
hands in his own, looking at them
with wonderment and awe. ‘I’ve
never seen anyone play the piano
that way,’ he marvelled.”
Music, for Taylor, was part of
his total artistic expression, which
also included dance, and poetry,
which he wrote and sometimes
published on the sleeves of his
albums or recited during a
performance. He created the
music for several dance ensembles
and once explained: “I try to
imitate on the piano the leaps in
space that a dancer makes.”
Appreciation may have been
late in arriving, but when it came
it was accompanied by a string of
honours. Principal among these
were a Guggenheim Fellowship in
1973 and a MacArthur Fellowship
in 1991. Finally, in 2013, the
Japanese Kyoto Prize brought him
a bounty of $500,000.
Taylor was unique and
inimitable. He angrily rejected all
attempts to categorise him or his
work, and the closest he ever came
to explaining it himself was:
“What I am doing is creating a
language – a different American
language.”
He was unmarried and had no
surviving close family.
Cecil Taylor, born March 25
1929, died April 5 2018
Sapper who lived on his wits in
Korea, Cyprus and Germany
L
IEUTENANTCOLONEL JOHN
CORMACK, who has
died aged 90, won an MC in
the Korean War and served
with the British Mission to
the Soviet Forces.
Cormack served in Korea
as a junior sapper officer
from 1951 to 1953. In October
1951, in Operation
Commando, he was riding
on the turret of a Centurion
tank of the 8th Royal Irish
Hussars when they struck a
mine. He was blown up in
the air and landed inside the
tank but was lucky to escape
serious injury.
Between January 20 and
February 9 1952, he
commanded a troop of 28
Field Engineer Regiment RE
in support of 3rd Bn Royal
Australian Regiment. The
task was to clear mines and
booby traps from a forward
area but, added to the
danger posed by the devices
themselves, it was not
possible to do this work by
night. Any movement by
day was very risky because
the whole area was
overlooked by the Chinese
Communists at distances as
close as 200 yards.
Cormack, making skilful
use of the terrain and the
weather conditions, eluded
the enemy’s attention in
areas where Allied patrols
could not normally move by
day without bringing down
mortar fire. Laying an
anti-personnel minefield
100 yards from enemy lines,
he chose a night that was so
cold that fingers stuck to the
fuzes and the enemy
concluded that any such
activity was impossible.
Over many months, he
and his troop carried out
hazardous operations
without incurring
casualties. The citation for
his MC paid tribute to his
determination, courage and
inspirational leadership.
John Napier Cormack was
born in Edinburgh on
August 4 1927 and educated
at Daniel Stewart’s College.
He went to Selwyn College,
Cambridge, where he
attended a shortened course
in engineering before going
to Sandhurst. He played
rugby for London Scottish,
the Royal Engineers XV and
United Services.
He was commissioned
into the Corps of Royal
Engineers in 1948. After
returning from Korea, he
instructed at Mons Officer
Cadet School and served in
Cyprus with 37 Field
Engineer Regiment RE
during the Eoka troubles.
He studied Russian before
being posted in 1964 to
Berlin, where he joined the
British C-in-C’s Mission to
Cormack: inspirational leader
the Soviet Forces in
Germany, or Brixmis.
One one occasion, he was
driving along the edge of a
Permanently Restricted
Area (PRA) when he spotted
an A-frame which he
believed could be used to
launch the Scud-B, a Soviet
short-range ballistic missile
which had just “gone
operational”. He raced back
to HQ and, having got
clearance to break the rules
and penetrate the PRA, he
and two comrades set up an
observation post under
cover of darkness.
At first light, they heard
the sound of movement and
Cormack, using the long
lens on his camera, was able
to photograph the Scud
through the trees and obtain
proof that the missile was
being deployed with
regiments in Germany.
On another occasion, he
was photographing a new
Soviet 120 mm field artillery
gun when he was accosted
by a Soviet officer who
demanded to see the film.
Cormack insisted that he
had only been taking
pictures of churches and
opened the camera. This, of
course, ruined the film,
which was only a dummy.
The officer was furious. The
real film was inside
Cormack’s driver’s boot.
Cormack was appointed
MBE for his work.
A spell at the School of
Infantry, Warminster, was
followed by a posting as
second-in-command of 21
Field Engineer Regiment in
BAOR, which included a
tour in Northern Ireland.
After promotion to
lieutenant-colonel and a
period as liaison officer to
the Netherlands Army, in
1979 he retired and, for the
next 10 years, edited RE
Corps publications. For
several years, he was
Director-General of the
Burma Star Association.
Cormack married, in 1953,
Beverley Fitzroy, who
survives him with their son
and daughter.
John Cormack, born
August 4 1927, died April 9
2018
28
***
Thursday 26 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Television & radio
The week in radio Jemima Lewis
What to watch
The BBC finally has a true
crime podcast to rival Serial
D
Whodunit: Neil McCarthy and Marit Higraff investigate a cold case in ‘Death in Ice Valley’
eath in Ice Valley is said
to be the BBC’s “answer”
to the podcast Serial.
That, in itself, feels
slightly dispiriting.
Almost four years after a
not-for-profit production company in
Chicago produced the most popular
podcast series of all time – a word-ofmouth sensation that helped spawn a
mass market for the emerging medium
– our national broadcaster is only now
lumbering to its feet to offer some
serious competition.
To make the comparison especially
direct, Death in Ice Valley (released
weekly on BBC iPlayer and Apple
Podcasts) is, like Serial, a cold-case
investigation about a murdered
woman – but this time with added
Scandi-noir. The dead woman in
question was found in 1970 in a
remote, wooded spot in Norway’s
Isdalen (or Ice) Valley. She had been
partially burnt, and all the labels on
her clothes removed. Her luggage was
later discovered in Bergen railway
station: its contents included wigs,
fake spectacles and a notebook full of
mysterious codes.
The conceit here is that two
investigative journalists – Marit
Higraff from the Norwegian public
radio station NRK, and Neil McCarthy
from the World Service – will try to
crack one of Norway’s most famous
unsolved crimes, with a little help
from the audience. Amateur sleuths
are encouraged to post any leads or
theories on a dedicated Facebook
page. New episodes are still being
made, and the producers evidently
hope that the public will lead them to a
satisfactory conclusion.
I started listening to this in a mood
of deep scepticism. It seems so
optimistic – not to say childish – to
hope that Joe Public can solve a
mystery that has defeated the
Norwegian police for almost 50 years.
And everything about this show – even
down to the international detective
double-act, nicked from the cult TV
series The Bridge – sounded so
derivative.
But after two episodes, I’m hooked.
It’s a great story, imaginatively told. Its
elusive heroine – known in Norway as
the “Isdal Woman” – is emerging as a
possible Cold War spy, with a touch of
Cruella de Vil: dark eyes; red,
unsmiling lips; a gold tooth and a fur
hat. She travelled alone, dressed
beautifully, spoke with a strange
foreign accent, and – according to
several witnesses who met her –
trailed a horrible smell behind her.
Of our two detectives, Higraff is the
expert: she had already spent two
years investigating this case when the
World Service suggested a collaboration.
McCarthy’s role, which he performs
winningly, is to follow her around
Norway asking pertinent questions.
But perhaps the biggest star of the show
is its sound designer, Phil Channell.
Successful podcasts have to be
pleasing to the ear, because most
people listen to them through
earphones: a much more intimate,
enveloping experience than pottering
about in the kitchen with the radio on.
Channell has created a lush
soundscape of crunching footsteps,
buffeting winds and the pattering of
rain on anoraks. I’m less keen on the
suspenseful music – especially the
ladies wailing “Aaaaaoooooooooo” in
the background, like a chorus of
ghostly Enyas – but the overall effect is
so immersive that you can almost feel
the mossy floor of the Isdalen Valley
beneath your feet.
Death in Ice Valley went to the top of
the Apple Podcast charts this week:
number one in Britain and number
two in America. That is a huge deal for
a British podcast, and proof that, at
last, the BBC is mastering this
wonderful art.
T
hought for the Day (Radio 4) is
very far indeed from the cutting
edge of radio: 48 years old and
widely considered a pointless
anachronism, a daily puff of religious
hot air into the secular atmosphere of
the Today programme.
But when Rabbi Jonathan Sacks
took the microphone on Friday, it
briefly became essential radio again.
“I’ve been doing Thought for the Day
for 30 years,” he began, “but I never
thought that in 2018 I would still have
to speak about antisemitism.” What
followed was three minutes of
brilliantly measured fury. Political
extremism on the left and right, he
said, had revived the ancient hatred:
antisemitic incidents on Jews in
Britain have risen to their highest level
since records began in 1984. This
“dysfunction” in our culture should
frighten everyone, “because the hate
that begins with Jews never ends with
Jews”. Mere unease is no longer
enough, he warned. “All it takes for
evil to flourish is for good people to
do nothing. Today I see too many
good people doing nothing, and I
am ashamed.”
before descending into a
genuinely scary tale. SH
Ambulance
BBC ONE, 9.00PM
Drama

The key to the
BBC’s emotional,
compelling Ambulance,
which returns for a third
series, lies in the attention
to small details, whether
it’s the way in which a
husband gazes into his
injured wife’s eyes or the
moment at the end of a
shift when two team
members of the West
Midlands Ambulance
Service relax to the radio
on the way home.
This strong opening
episode is also almost
impossible to watch at
times. It begins with call
assessor Shanie, who has
just graduated from
training, as she deals with
the cries of a woman in
labour. And then there’s
paramedic Nat, who gets a
call that’s uncomfortably
close to home while her
driving partner, also called
Nat, desperately tries to
keep her calm.
They are just two of the
five featured stories – only
a handful of the 6,041
cases treated by the
service in a 48-hour period
– and the film-makers do
well to balance the light
and dark, ensuring that
we are able to laugh amid
the tears. The night’s star
is, however, 101-year-old
Mary, who greets
Happy!
NETFLIX, FROM TODAY
 Adapted by Grant
Morrison from his graphic
novel, Happy! stars Chris
Meloni (Law & Order: SVU)
as Nick Sax, a depressed cop
turned hitman who appears
to be hallucinating a tiny
blue unicorn named Happy!
The kicker: Happy! (voiced
by Patton Oswalt) is real,
sort of. He’s the imaginary
friend of a little girl in
danger and he needs Sax to
save the day. The result is
crazed, profane and
strangely enjoyable. SH
Barry
SKY ATLANTIC, 10.45PM
 The night’s second
hitman-related offering sees
Saturday Night Live’s Bill
Hader as Barry, a killer
developing a conscience.
That description doesn’t
come close to capturing the
tone of this dark comedy,
however. It’s an eccentric
Cup half full medics: paramedics Nat and Nat
paramedic Justin with a
smile and the words: “Oh,
don’t you look nice” before
going on to flirt for
Harold Shipman:
Doctor Death
Documentary
Super Fast Falcon
ITV, 9.00PM
BBC TWO, 8.00PM
 “They seem to live in a
different time perception,”
says an awed watcher
during this fascinating film
about peregrine falcons.
The film-makers make a
great deal out of trying to
uncover how fast peregrines
really are, but that’s largely
incidental to the footage of
these elegant birds. SH
Civilisations
BBC TWO, 9.00PM
 Simon Schama, the
presenter for this final
episode of the Civilisation
reboot, begins the final
Britain. It’s a lovely scene
and one which, like the
episode, warms the heart.
Sarah Hughes
Happy: Christopher Meloni
episode with a heartfelt
plea: “What can art do
when horror comes
calling?” What follows
is an emotional hour that
starts with the Holocaust
and ends with monuments
to migrants who drowned
at sea. SH
 Harold Shipman was one
of Britain’s most prolific
serial killers. Nicknamed
“Doctor Death”, Shipman is
said to have poisoned more
than 250 of his patients, and
was found guilty of killing
15. This documentary speaks
to some of the key people
involved in the case. SH
True Horror
CHANNEL 4, 10.00PM
 This inventive “true life”
horror series continues with
The Ghost in the Wall, a
haunted house story that
starts out as a study of a
relationship under stress
Barry: Bill Hader
but entertaining mash-up of
Community and Grosse Point
Blank, held together by
Hader’s gloriously laconic
central performance. SH
Sport
Europa League Football:
Arsenal v Atletico Madrid
BT SPORT 2, 8.05PM
 Following the
announcement that Arsène
Wenger is to leave at the end
of the season, the Gunners
will want to send him off in
style – by winning the
Europa League. But first,
they have to get past Atletico
Madrid in the semi-finals.
Radio choice Charlotte Runcie
Guilty Architecture
RADIO 4, 11.00AM
 You can spot them
immediately: buildings
across Europe that were
constructed as meeting
places for fascist groups,
and were built to embody
the nationalist ideologies of
Mussolini and Hitler. Those
ideologies – and the political
parties who espoused them
– are long gone, but the
buildings remain. This
fascinating documentary
presented by architecture
journalist Jonathan Glancey
explores how we use these
“cathedrals of propaganda”
tainted by past horrors
today, and whether they
should be maintained or
left to crumble.
Radio 1
FM 97.6-99.8MHz
6.30 am The Radio 1 Breakfast
Show with Nick Grimshaw
10.00 Clara Amfo
12.45 pm Newsbeat
1.00 Scott Mills
4.00 Greg James
5.45 Newsbeat
6.00 Greg James
7.00 Annie Mac
9.00 The 8th with Charlie Sloth
11.00 Radio 1’s Residency: James
Blake
12.00 BBC Radio 1’s Residency –
Mura Masa
1.00 am Toddla T
3.00 Radio 1 Comedy – Birthday
Girls House Party
4.00 - 6.30am Radio 1’s Early
Breakfast Show with Adele
Roberts
Radio 2
FM 88-90.2MHz
6.30
9.30
12.00
2.00
5.00
7.00
8.00
10.00
12.00
2.00
3.00
4.00
5.00
am Chris Evans
Ken Bruce
Jeremy Vine
pm Steve Wright in the
Afternoon
Amol Rajan
Bob Harris Country
Jo Whiley
The Radio 2 Arts Show with
Anneka Rice
The Craig Charles House
Party
am Radio 2’s Tracks of My
Years Playlist
Radio 2 Playlist: Have A
Great Weekend
Radio 2 Playlist: Feelgood
Friday
- 6.30am Nicki Chapman
Radio 3
FM 90.2-92.4MHz
6.30 am Breakfast
9.00 Essential Classics
12.00 Composer of the Week:
Strozzi
1.00 pm News
1.02 Radio 3 Lunchtime Concert.
Sarah Walker presents the
2.00
4.30
5.00
7.00
7.30
10.00
10.45
11.00
12.00
12.30
third of four concerts of
songs by Tchaikovsky and
his friends from last
Saturday’s BBC Radio 3 Big
Chamber Day at Saffron
Hall in Essex
Afternoon Concert
BBC Young Musician 2018
In Tune
In Tune Mixtape
Radio 3 in Concert
Free Thinking
◆ The Essay: Dark
Blossoms. See Radio choice
Exposure
Late Junction
- 6.30am Through the
Night
Radio 4
FM 92.4-94.6MHz; LW 198KHz
6.00
8.30
9.00
9.45
9.45
10.00
11.00
11.30
12.00
12.01
12.04
12.15
12.57
1.00
1.45
2.00
2.15
3.00
3.27
3.30
4.00
4.30
5.00
5.54
5.57
6.00
6.30
7.00
7.15
7.45
8.00
am Today
LW: Yesterday in Parliament
In Our Time
FM: Book of the Week:
Sharp: The Women Who
Made an Art of Having an
Opinion
LW: Daily Service
Woman’s Hour
Crossing Continents
◆ Guilty Architecture. See
Radio choice
News
pm LW: Shipping Forecast
Home Front
You and Yours
Weather
The World at One
Chinese Characters
The Archers
Drama: Mythos
Open Country
Radio 4 Appeal
Open Book
The Film Programme
BBC Inside Science
PM
LW: Shipping Forecast
Weather
Six O’Clock News
Alone
The Archers
Front Row
Curious Under the Stars
The Briefing Room
The Essay
RADIO 3, 10.45PM
 As part of Radio 3’s
season exploring Japan’s
counterculture, This Essay,
subtitled The Art of the
Heist, is exploring the
dark side of Japanese
history. In tonight’s edition,
Christopher Harding, an
academic and cultural
8.30
9.00
9.30
10.00
10.45
11.00
11.30
12.00
12.30
12.48
1.00
5.20
5.30
5.43
5.45
5.58
In Business
BBC Inside Science
In Our Time
The World Tonight
Book at Bedtime: Nikesh
Shukla – The One Who
Wrote Destiny
Beef and Dairy Network
Today in Parliament
News and Weather
am Book of the Week:
Sharp: The Women Who
Made an Art of Having an
Opinion
Shipping Forecast
As World Service
Shipping Forecast
News Briefing
Prayer for the Day
Farming Today
- 6.00am Tweet of the Day
Radio 5 Live
MW 693 & 909KHz
6.00 am 5 Live Breakfast
10.00 The Emma Barnett Show
with Anna Foster
1.00 pm Afternoon Edition
4.00 5 Live Drive
7.00 5 Live Sport
8.05 5 Live Sport: Europa League
Football 2017-18. Arsenal v
Atletico Madrid (kick-off
8.05pm). Commentary on
the semi-final first-leg
encounter from the
Emirates Stadium
10.00 Question Time Extra Time
1.00 am Up All Night
5.00 Morning Reports
5.15 - 6.00am Wake Up to
Money
Classic FM
FM 99.9-101.9MHz
6.00
9.00
1.00
5.00
7.00
8.00
am More Music Breakfast
John Suchet
pm Anne-Marie Minhall
Classic FM Drive
Smooth Classics at Seven
The Full Works Concert.
Catherine Bott presents
another evening of the best
new recordings, and
features pieces by Debussy,
historian of Japan and India
tells the story of the
300 million yen bank
robbery of 1968, which was
the largest heist in Japanese
history at the time. The case
is still unsolved today. As
Harding investigates, it was
also seen as a metaphor for
the broken promises of
openness and civil liberties
in post-war Japan.
Haydn, Brahms and
Offenbach
10.00 Smooth Classics
1.00 - 6.00am Jane Jones
World Service
DIGITAL ONLY
6.00am Newsday 8.06 The Inquiry
8.30 Business Daily 8.50 Witness 9.00
News 9.06 The Thought Show 10.00
World Update 11.00 The Newsroom
11.30 The Food Chain 12.00 News
12.06pm Outlook 1.00 The Newsroom
1.30 Assignment 2.00 Newshour 3.00
News 3.06 The Inquiry 3.30 World
Business Report 4.00 BBC OS 6.00
News 6.06 Outlook 7.00 The
Newsroom 7.30 Sport Today 8.00
News 8.06 The Inquiry 8.30 Science in
Action 9.00 Newshour 10.00 News
10.06 Assignment 10.30 The Food
Chain 11.00 News 11.06 The
Newsroom 11.20 Sports News 11.30
World Business Report 12.06am The
Thought Show 1.00 News 1.06
Business Matters 2.00 News 2.06 The
Newsroom 2.30 Assignment 3.00
News 3.06 Newsday 3.30 World
Football 4.00 News 4.06 Newsday
5.00 News 5.06 The Newsroom 5.30 6.00am Science in Action
Radio 4 Extra
DIGITAL ONLY
6.00am Rogue Justice 6.30 Sud-U-Like
7.00 Hopes and Desires 7.30 Alone 8.00
J Kingston Platt’s Showbiz Handbook
8.30 The Goon Show 9.00 Listomania
9.30 HR 10.00 The Idiot 11.00
Grounded 11.15 Forest Tales 12.00 J
Kingston Platt’s Showbiz Handbook
12.30pm The Goon Show 1.00 Rogue
Justice 1.30 Sud-U-Like 2.00 Expo 58
2.15 Shakespeare’s Restless World 2.30
Good News 2.45 Catch Me If You Can
3.00 The Idiot 4.00 Listomania 4.30 HR
5.00 Hopes and Desires 5.30 Alone 6.00
The Man Who Was Thursday 6.30 Great
Lives 7.00 J Kingston Platt’s Showbiz
Handbook 7.30 The Goon Show 8.00
Rogue Justice 8.30 Sud-U-Like 9.00
Grounded 9.15 Forest Tales 10.00
Comedy Club 12.00 The Man Who Was
Thursday 12.30am Great Lives 1.00
Rogue Justice 1.30 Sud-U-Like 2.00 Expo
58 2.15 Shakespeare’s Restless World
2.30 Good News 2.45 Catch Me If You
Can 3.00 The Idiot 4.00 Listomania 4.30
HR 5.00 Hopes and Desires 5.30 6.00am Alone
***
The Daily Telegraph Thursday 26 April 2018
29
Today’s television
FV Freeview FS Freesat (AD) Audio description (R) Repeat (S) Subtitles (SL) In-vision signing
BBC One
BBC Two
ITV
Channel 4
Channel 5
6.00 am Breakfast (S) 9.15 Rip Off Britain:
Food (S) 10.00 Homes Under the
Hammer (AD) (S) 11.00 Heir Hunters
(S) 11.45 The Housing Enforcers (S)
12.15 pm Bargain Hunt (AD) (R) (S)
1.00 BBC News at One; Weather (S)
1.30 Regional News; Weather (S)
1.45 Doctors (AD) (S)
2.15 800 Words (AD) (S)
3.00 Escape to the Country (AD) (R) (S)
3.45 Flipping Profit (AD) (S)
4.30 Flog It! (R) (S)
5.15 Pointless (S)
6.00 BBC News at Six; Weather (S)
6.30 Regional News; Weather (S)
6.00 am Flog It! Trade Secrets (R) (S)
6.30 Heir Hunters (R) (S) 7.15 Rip Off
Britain: Food (R) (S) 8.00 Sign Zone:
David Attenborough’s Natural
Curiosities (AD) (R) (S) (SL) 8.30
Sign Zone: Kate Humble: Off the
Beaten Track (R) (S) (SL) 9.00
Victoria Derbyshire (S) 11.00 BBC
Newsroom Live (S)
12.00 Daily Politics (S)
1.00 pm Live Snooker: The World
Championship The sixth day’s play
gets under way at the Crucible
Theatre in Sheffield (S)
6.00 Eggheads (R) (S)
6.30 Britain in Bloom (S)
6.00 am Good Morning Britain (S) 8.30
Lorraine (S) 9.25 The Jeremy Kyle
Show (S) 10.30 This Morning (S)
12.30 pm Loose Women (S)
1.30 News; Weather (S)
1.55 Regional News; Weather (S)
2.00 Judge Rinder (S)
3.00 Tenable (S)
4.00 Tipping Point (S)
5.00 The Chase (S)
6.00 Regional News; Weather (S)
6.30 News; Weather (S)
6.00 am Countdown (R) (S) 6.45 3rd
Rock from the Sun (AD) (R) (S) 7.10
3rd Rock from the Sun (AD) (R) (S)
7.35 Everybody Loves Raymond (R)
(S) 8.00 Everybody Loves Raymond
(R) (S) 8.30 Frasier (R) (S) 9.00
Frasier (R) (S) 9.35 Frasier (R) (S)
10.05 Ramsay’s Hotel Hell (AD) (R)
(S) 11.00 Undercover Boss USA (R)
(S)
12.00 Channel 4 News (S)
12.05 pm Coast vs Country (AD) (R) (S)
1.05 Posh Pawnbrokers (R) (S)
2.10 Countdown (S)
3.00 A Place in the Sun: Home or Away
(R) (S)
4.00 Escape to the Chateau: DIY (AD) (S)
5.00 Four in a Bed (R) (S)
5.30 Buy It Now (S)
6.00 The Simpsons (AD) (R) (S)
6.30 Hollyoaks (AD) (R) (S)
6.00 am Milkshake! 9.15 The Wright Stuff
11.15 The Yorkshire Vet: A Five
Legged Lamb & Other Curious
Creatures (AD) (R) (S)
12.10 pm 5 News Lunchtime (S)
12.15 GPs: Behind Closed Doors (AD) (R)
(S)
1.10 Access (S)
1.15 Home and Away (AD) (S)
1.45 Neighbours (AD) (S)
2.15 NCIS (AD) (R) (S)
3.15 FILM: Patricia Cornwell’s The Front
(2010, TVM) Mystery drama starring
Andie MacDowell (S)
5.00 5 News at 5 (S)
5.30 Neighbours (AD) (R) (S)
6.00 Home and Away (AD) (R) (S)
6.30 5 News Tonight (S)
Super Fast Falcon
Harold Shipman: Doctor Death
The Truth About Obesity
7.00 The One Show Topical stories from
around the UK (S)
7.30 EastEnders Arshad is frantic after
Harley’s kidnapping (AD) (S)
7.00 Antiques Road Trip James Braxton
and Christina Trevanion head to Ayr,
Scotland (S)
Gogglebox
7.00 Emmerdale Moira is stunned by a
revelation (AD) (S)
8.00 Super Fast Falcon The secrets of
the peregrine falcon – the world’s
fastest animal See What to watch
(AD) (S)
8.00 Emmerdale (AD) (S)
9.00 Ambulance New series.
Documentary revealing the work of
the West Midlands Ambulance
Service See What to watch (S)
9.00 Civilisations Simon Schama
considers the fate of art in the
modern world. Last in the series See
What to watch (AD) (S)
9.00 Harold Shipman: Doctor Death
Detectives reveal how the serial
killer got away with his crimes See
What to watch (AD) (S)
10.00 BBC News at Ten (S)
10.30 Regional News; Weather (S)
10.45 Question Time Topical debate from
Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk (S)
10.00 MOTD: The Premier League Show
(S)
10.30 Newsnight (S)
11.15 Snooker: The World Championship
12.05am Snooker: World
Championship Extra 2.05 Sign Zone:
MasterChef 2.35 Sign Zone: The
Secret Helpers 3.35 Sign Zone:
Murder, Mystery and My Family 4.20
- 6.00am This Is BBC Two
11.45 This Week 12.35- 6.00am News
S4C
8.30 Paul O’Grady: For the Love of Dogs
– India New series. People who
dedicate their lives to helping dogs
in Delhi (AD) (S)
10.00 News; Weather (S)
10.30 Regional News; Weather (S)
10.45 Uefa Europa League Highlights
Action from the semi-final first-leg
matches (S)
11.45 Play to the Whistle 12.20am Lethal
Weapon 1.05 Give It a Year 1.30
Jackpot247 3.00 Secrets of Your
Online Shop – Tonight 3.25 ITV
Nightscreen 5.05 - 6.00am The
Jeremy Kyle Show
Northern Ireland
BBC One:
10.40pm The View 11.15
Question Time 12.15am This
Week 1.00 - 6.00am BBC
News
BBC Two:
10.00 - 10.30pm The Arts
Show 11.15 MOTD: The
Premier League Show 11.45
BBC Four
7.00 pm Beyond 100 Days
7.30 Top of the Pops: 1985
8.00 Dive WWII: Our Secret
History
9.00 Putin, Russia & the West
10.00 Horizon: Swallowed by a
Sink Hole
11.00 Law and Order
12.20 am Top of the Pops: 1985
12.50 Danny Baker’s Great Album
Showdown
1.50 Putin, Russia & the West
2.50 - 3.50am Dive WWII: Our
Secret History
ITV3
FV 10 FS 115 SKY 119 VIRGIN 117
10.20
12.30
1.35
2.40
3.15
3.45
4.20
4.50
5.25
5.55
7.00
8.00
10.00
12.05
2.15
2.30
am Agatha Christie’s Marple
pm The Royal
Heartbeat
Classic Coronation Street
Classic Coronation Street
On the Buses
On the Buses
You’re Only Young Twice
George and Mildred
Heartbeat
Murder, She Wrote
Vera
Housewife, 49
am A Touch of Frost
ITV3 Nightscreen
- 6.00am Teleshopping
Snooker: The World
Championship 12.35 2.05am Snooker: World
Championship Extra
UTV:
1.30 - 3.00am Teleshopping
Scotland
BBC One:
No variations
ITV2
E4
Noon The Goldbergs 1.00pm The Big
Bang Theory 2.00 How I Met Your
Mother 3.00 New Girl 4.00 Brooklyn
Nine-Nine 5.00 The Goldbergs 6.00 The
Big Bang Theory 7.00 Hollyoaks 7.30
Extreme Cake Makers 8.00 The Big Bang
Theory 8.30 Young Sheldon 9.00
Brooklyn Nine-Nine 9.30 Derry Girls
10.00 The Inbetweeners 10.35 The
Windsors 11.10 The Big Bang Theory
12.10am First Dates 1.15 Tattoo Fixers
2.15 Gogglebox 3.10 The Inbetweeners
3.40-4.05am The Windsors
More4
11.35am Four in a Bed 2.10pm Come
Dine with Me 4.50 A Place in the Sun:
Winter Sun 5.50 Ugly House to Lovely
House with George Clarke 6.55 The
7.00 The Nightmare Neighbour Next
Door A dispute leads to a man being
attacked with a hammer (R) (S)
Secret Life of the Zoo 7.55 Grand
Designs 9.00 The Good Fight 10.05
Emergency Helicopter Medics 11.05 24
Hours in A&E 12.10am Ramsay’s Kitchen
Nightmares USA 1.05 The Good Fight
2.15 24 Hours in A&E 3.15-4.00am 8
Out of 10 Cats Uncut
Dave
Noon American Pickers 1.00pm Top
Gear 3.00 Sin City Motors 4.00 Steve
Austin’s Broken Skull Challenge 5.00 Top
Gear 6.00 Room 101 6.40 Would I Lie to
You? 8.00 Have I Got a Bit More News
for You 9.00 QI XL 10.00 Room 101
10.40 Mock the Week 12.00 QI 1.20am
Mock the Week 2.00 QI 3.15 Parks and
Recreation 3.40-4.00am The
Indestructibles
Sky Sports Main Event
10.30am Live ATP Tennis 3.00pm Live
Indian Premier League 7.00 Live Premier
League Darts 10.00 Live PGA Tour Golf.
The Zurich Classic of New Orleans 11.30
Premier League World 12.00 NFL Draft
12.30-5.00am Live NFL Draft. Day one
from AT&T Stadium in Arlington, Texas
Sky Sports Premier
League
Noon Premier League World 12.30pm
PL Greatest Games 1.00 Premier League
 Bradley Cooper stars in this thriller
about a writer whose former brotherin-law slips him a pill that enables
him to access 100 per cent of his
brain. His book is finished in four
days, so he goes back for more and this
time nets himself a fortune on the
stock market. Neil Burger directs at
breakneck pace, but afterwards you
wish that Cooper’s character had used
that brainpower for something more
interesting than making money.
Moonraker (1979)
ITV4, 9.00PM ★★★
8.00 Location, Location, Location
Catching up with two first-time
buyers (S)
8.00 Bad Tenants, Rogue Landlords
Harrow Council officers find 30
mattresses in a flat designed for four
people (S)
9.00 999: What’s Your Emergency?
Crimes resulting in the breakdown
of mother-son relationships (AD) (S)
9.00 Can’t Pay? We’ll Take It Away!
Stewart and Vic try to evict a volatile
tenant in Nottingham (S)
10.00 True Horror Docudrama based on
real horror stories See What to
watch (AD) (S)
11.05 Gogglebox 12.00 The Real Football
Fan Show 12.35am The Island with
Bear Grylls 1.30 The Secret Life of
the Zoo 2.25 Class of Mum and Dad
3.20 Come Dine Champion of
Champions 4.15 Building the Dream
5.10 - 6.00am Fifteen to One
 The 11th film in the Bond series, and
the fourth to star Roger Moore as the
dapper MI6 agent, involves the theft of
a space shuttle. It’s one of the weaker
007 films and at times seems more of a
comedy than a tense action adventure,
but it’s enjoyably frivolous. Michael
Lonsdale plays resident baddy Hugo
Drax who pinches the aforementioned
space shuttle to help along his plan to
wipe out the world’s population.
10.00 Michael Portillo: Our Housing
Crisis – Who’s to Blame? Michael
Portillo investigates the story of the
social housing revolution (S)
11.30 Where There’s Blame, There’s a
Claim 12.00 SuperCasino 3.10am
GPs: Behind Closed Doors 4.00
Tattoo Disasters UK 4.25 Tattoo
Disasters UK 4.45 House Doctor
5.10 Wildlife SOS 5.35 - 6.00am
House Doctor
BBC Two:
12.00 - 1.00pm First
Minister’s Questions 7.00pm
The Beechgrove Garden 7.30 8.00pm Timeline
STV:
10.30pm Scotland Tonight
11.05 Uefa Europa League
Highlights 12.05am Lethal
Weapon 12.50 - 1.50
Teleshopping 2.50 Secrets of
Your Online Shop – Tonight
3.15 ITV Nightscreen 4.05
The Jeremy Kyle Show 5.00 6.00am Teleshopping
Enemy of the State (1998)
 This slick, hi-tech film is considered
a continuation of the Seventies
spy-thriller The Conversation, which
starred Gene Hackman. Here,
Hackman plays a surveillance expert
who helps Will Smith’s framed
attorney escape the clutches of some
corrupt government spooks led by Jon
Voight. Directed by Tony Scott, it’s a
riveting ride. The interplay between
the leads is fun, too.
ITV Wales:
6.00 - 6.30pm ITV News
Wales at Six
ITV Regions
Wales
No variations, except:
ITV Channel:
1.30 - 3.00am ITV
Nightscreen
BBC One:
No variations
BBC Two:
No variations
FV Freeview FS Freesat (AD) Audio description (R) Repeat (S) Subtitles (SL) In-vision signing
ITV4
FV 24 FS 117 SKY 120 VIRGIN 118
11.35
12.45
1.50
2.50
3.50
4.55
6.05
7.00
7.55
9.00
11.40
1.35
2.30
3.00
10.20am The Bachelorette 12.15pm
Emmerdale 12.45 Coronation Street
1.45 The Ellen DeGeneres Show 2.35
The Jeremy Kyle Show 6.00 Take Me Out
7.30 You’ve Been Framed! Gold 8.00
Two and a Half Men 9.00 Family Guy
10.00 Celebrity Juice 10.50 Family Guy
11.45 American Dad! 12.40am Plebs
1.10 Two and a Half Men 2.05 Totally
Bonkers Guinness World Records 2.306.00am Teleshopping
AMC, 9.00PM ★★★
SONY MOVIE CHANNEL, 9.00PM ★★★
Freeview, satellite and cable
FV 9 FS 107 SKY 116 VIRGIN 107
7.00 Channel 4 News (S)
Variations
6.00am Cyw 12.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd
12.05pm Straeon y Ffin 12.30 Ffit Cymru 1.30 Sion a
Siân 2.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 2.05 Prynhawn Da
3.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 3.05 O Gymru Fach
4.00 Awr Fawr 5.00 Stwnsh 6.00 Newyddion S4C a’r
Tywydd 6.05 ’Sgota gyda Julian Lewis Jones 6.30
Rownd a Rownd 7.00 Heno 7.30 Pobol y Cwm 8.00 Y
Ty Arian 9.00 Newyddion 9 a’r Tywydd 9.30 Cwymp yr
Ymerodraethau 10.30 Hansh 11.00 - 11.35pm Mwy o
Sgorio
Limitless (2011)
Can’t Pay? We’ll Take It Away!
7.30 Secrets of Your Online Shop –
Tonight Consumers’ rights when
shopping online (S)
8.00 The Truth About Obesity Chris
Bavin seeks out the latest scientific
research into the problem (AD) (S)
Film choice
ALAMY
Main channels
am The Avengers
pm Ironside
Quincy ME
Minder
The Saint
The Avengers
Cash Cowboys
Pawn Stars
The Chase: Celebrity Special
FILM: Moonraker (1979)
Adventure starring Roger
Moore See Film choice
pm FILM: Crank: High
Voltage (2009) Action
thriller sequel starring Jason
Statham
am The Americans
The Protectors
- 6.00am Teleshopping
100 Club 2.00 PL Best Goals 00/01 3.00
Premier League Years 5.00 Premier
League World 5.30 Premier League 100
Club 6.00 Premier League Today 6.30
Premier League 100 Club 7.00 Premier
League World 7.30 Premier League
Match Pack 8.00 Premier League Today
8.30 Premier League World 9.00 PL Best
Goals 93/94 10.00 The Debate 11.00
Premier League Match Pack 11.30
Premier League World 12.00 PL Best
Goals 93/94 1.00am The Debate 2.00
Premier League Match Pack 2.30 PL
Greatest Games 3.00-4.00am The
Debate
BT Sport 1
10.30am Live WTA Tennis. Day four of
the Porsche Tennis Grand Prix in
Stuttgart 4.30pm The WRC Magazine
5.00 Ladbrokes SPFL Highlights 5.30
Live WTA Tennis. Day four of the Porsche
Tennis Grand Prix in Stuttgart 9.30 UFC:
Beyond the Octagon 10.00 UFC: The
Ultimate Fighter 11.00 Live World Rally
Championship. Rally Argentina, round
five of the FIA World Rally Championship,
gets underway with a dazzling super
special stage in downtown Villa Carlos
Paz, 700km north-west of Buenos Aires
12.00 NBA High Tops: Plays of the
Month 12.30am NBA Action 1.00 Live
NBA. Action from the NBA playoffs, a
best-of-seven elimination tournament
among the season’s 16 best teams. The
Sky One
SKY 106 VIRGIN 110
Noon
1.00
3.00
4.00
5.00
5.30
6.30
8.00
9.00
10.00
10.30
11.00
12.00
NCIS: Los Angeles
pm Hawaii Five-0
NCIS: Los Angeles
Stargate SG-1
The Simpsons
Futurama
The Simpsons
Arrow
SEAL Team
In the Long Run
Football’s Funniest Moments
The Force: North-East
Brit Cops: Frontline Crime
UK
1.00 am Ross Kemp: Extreme
World
2.00 Most Shocking
3.00 - 4.00am Duck Quacks Don’t
Echo
two winners (one from each conference)
will go on to contest the finals 3.305.00am 30 for 30
History
Noon Forged in Fire 1.00pm Pawn Stars
2.00 American Pickers 3.00 Counting
Cars 4.00 Storage Wars 5.30 Pawn Stars
6.00 Forged in Fire 7.00 American
Pickers 8.00 Forged in Fire 10.00
Ultimate Vehicles 11.00 The Lowe Files
12.00 Hitler’s Circle of Evil 1.00am
Forged in Fire 2.00 Homicide Hunter
3.00-4.00am Ancient Aliens
Sky Arts
Noon The Seventies 1.00pm
Discovering: Cary Grant 2.00
Watercolour Challenge 2.30 The Art
Show 3.30 Tales of the Unexpected 4.00
Trailblazers: New Romantics 5.00 The
Seventies 6.00 Discovering: Robert
Mitchum 7.00 The Gospel Music of
Johnny Cash 8.00 Johnny Cash at
Folsom Prison 9.00 Urban Myths:
Johnny Cash and the Ostrich 9.30
Johnny Cash’s Bitter Tears 10.45 Johnny
Cash: A Legend in Concert 11.30 Urban
Myths: Johnny Cash and the Ostrich
12.00 National Treasures: The Art of
Collecting 1.00am Monty Python:
Almost the Truth 2.05 Psychob*****s
2.35-4.30am FILM: Leonard Cohen: I’m
Your Man (2005) Documentary about
Sky Atlantic
SKY 108
Noon
1.00
2.00
3.00
5.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.10
10.45
11.20
11.55
12.30
1.30
2.30
3.05
3.35
Film4
FV 15 FS 300 SKY 315 VIRGIN 428
House
pm Without a Trace
Blue Bloods
The West Wing
House
CSI: Crime Scene
Investigation
Blue Bloods
Billions
Silicon Valley
Barry See What to watch
Last Week Tonight with John
Oliver
Mike Judge Presents
am Tin Star
Blue Bloods
House of Lies
Animals
- 4.05am Animals
the life and career of the Canadian
singer-songwriter
Sky Cinema Premiere
24 hours, including at:
4.30pm Broken Vows (2016) Thriller
starring Wes Bentley 6.10 Gifted (2017)
Drama starring Chris Evans 8.00 The
Dark Tower (2017) Fantasy adventure
starring Idris Elba 9.45 Palm Swings
(2017) Premiere. Comedy drama starring
Sugar Lyn Beard 11.40 Rough Night
(2017) Comedy starring Scarlett
Johansson 1.35am Sheikh Jackson
(2017) Drama starring Basma 3.305.30am Sky (2015) Drama starring
Diane Kruger and Norman Reedus
PBS America
10.15am The Vietnam War 12.50pm
The Aviators 1.50 Deadliest Tornadoes
3.10 The Vietnam War 5.35 The Aviators
6.40 Deadliest Tornadoes 7.50 The
Aviators 9.00 Crash of the Century
10.55 The Aviators 12.05am Crash of
the Century 2.00-6.00am Teleshopping
TCM
24 hours, including at:
5.55pm Sherlock Holmes in Dressed to
Kill (1945, b/w) Mystery with Basil
Rathbone 7.20 The Adventures of
Sherlock Holmes (1939, b/w) Adventure
11.00 am Samson and Delilah
(1949) Biblical drama
starring Victor Mature
1.35 pm The Spoilers (1955,
b/w) Western starring Anne
Baxter
3.15 Retreat, Hell! (1952, b/w)
Drama with Frank Lovejoy
5.05 Winchester ’73 (1950, b/w)
Western with James Stewart
6.55 Never Been Kissed (1999)
Comedy with Drew Barrymore
9.00 Prisoners (2013) Thriller
starring Hugh Jackman
12.00 Everly (2014) Action thriller
starring Salma Hayek
1.50 - 3.40am Cheap Thrills
(2013) Comedy thriller
starring Pat Healy
starring Basil Rathbone 9.00 Sherlock
Holmes (2009) Thriller with Robert
Downey Jr 11.35 Sherlock Holmes: A
Game of Shadows (2011) Thriller with
Robert Downey Jr 2.10-4.00am
Conspiracy Theory with Jesse Ventura
GOLD
11.20am You Rang, M’Lord? 12.20pm
The Green Green Grass 1.00 As Time
Goes By 1.40 Waiting for God 2.20 Only
Fools and Horses 3.00 Last of the
Summer Wine 5.00 As Time Goes By
5.40 The Green Green Grass 6.20 Dad’s
Army 7.00 You Rang, M’Lord? 8.00 Dad’s
Army 8.40 Only Fools and Horses 9.20
Harry Enfield and Chums 10.40 Two
Doors Down 11.20 Jack Dee Live at the
Apollo 12.20am Monty Python: Before
the Flying Circus 1.40 Vic Reeves Big
Night Out 2.40 Two Doors Down 3.10
Jack Dee Live at the Apollo 3.25-4.00am
Citizen Khan
Vintage TV
11.00am Throwback Thursday 1.00pm
My Mixtape 2.00 Defining Decades 5.00
Tune In… To 1988 6.00 Tune In… To
1982 7.00 Tune In… To 1991 8.00 The
Vintage TV Sessions 9.00 Britpop
Explored 10.00 Focus On Sheffield
10.30 My Vintage 11.30 Blues ’n’ Roots
12.30am The Night Shift 3.00-6.00am
Neil McCormick’s Needle Time
30
***
Thursday 26 April 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Weather and crosswords
Nature notes
Tardy birds fail to
catch caterpillars
Warmer springs are creating a
“mismatch” whereby hungry chicks
hatch too late to feast on abundant
caterpillars, new research has shown.
With climate change expected to
deliver warmer spring temperatures,
scientists say the difference in timing
between the hatching of birds and
peaks in caterpillar numbers is likely
to continue to worsen.
Researchers from the RSPB and the
universities of Exeter and Edinburgh
studied the emergence of oak tree
leaves and caterpillars, and the timing
of nesting by three bird species: blue
tits, great tits and pied flycatchers.
The biggest mismatch was among
pied flycatchers and their caterpillar
supply. Migratory flycatchers, that are
not in the UK in winter, are less able to
respond to earlier spring weather. It
had been suggested that northern
birds would be less affected, but
researchers found no evidence of this.
Samantha Herbert
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