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The Guardian - April 26, 2018

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Section:GDN 1N PaGe:1 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:S
Sent at 25/4/2018 20:54
Raw hatred
How the
Incel
movement
targets
women

cYanmaGentaYellowb
Thursday
26 April 2018
Issue № 53,393
www.theguardian.com
£2.00
G2
Rudd ‘protecting’ the PM over Windrush
Home secretary refuses to
blame her predecessor
for ‘hostile environment’
Pippa Crerar and Peter Walker
Amber Rudd has been accused of protecting the prime minister over the
Home Office’s failure to get to grips
with the Windrush scandal after she
refused to identify the “hostile environment” strategy as a major factor.
The home secretary said she deeply
regretted not spotting the problem of a
generation of Britons wrongly targeted
by immigration authorities, vowing to
change the culture in her department.
However, there was immediate
confusion over whether she had sanctioned regional targets for deporting
migrants, with Rudd at odds with the
head of Immigration Service Union,
who claimed they appeared on posters
across the Home Office estate.
Rudd came under continued pressure over the Windrush debacle at
prime minister’s questions when
Grocers sign
pledge to
cut plastic
packaging
•
‘I think the Home
Office needs to have
a more human face
… I’m trying to look
forward to make
those changes now’
Amber Rudd
Home secretary
told MPs. May denied that the hostile environment had affected the
Windrush generation, saying: “The
problem at the time is that they were
not documented with that right, and
that is what we are now putting right.”
During her later grilling from the
home affairs select committee, Rudd
remained steadfastly loyal to May. The
home secretary, who is expected to
survive in her role by Tory ministers
as long as no new scandals emerge,
was accused of protecting the prime
minister, her predecessor
at the Home Office, after 8 
The problem
with Apu
Simpsons
actor ‘willing
to step aside’
in controversy
Page 4
Sandra Laville
Rebecca Smithers
UK supermarkets and food companies
will today launch a voluntary pledge
to cut plastic packaging as ministers
consider forcing them to pay more
towards collecting and recycling the
waste they produce.
Most of the UK’s largest supermarkets have signed up to support the
UK Plastics Pact – an industry-wide initiative aiming to transform packaging
and reduce avoidable plastic waste.
Tesco, Sainsbury’s, Morrisons, Aldi,
Lidl and Waitrose are among the 42
businesses so far supporting the new
pledge, which includes an aspiration
that by 2025 all plastic packaging can
be reused, recycled or composted. But
they refuse to say how much plastic
packaging they use, or commit to paying more to recycle it.
The environment secretary, Michael
Gove, who is to address a launch event
tonight, said: “Our ambition to eliminate avoidable plastic waste will only
be realised if government, businesses
and the public work together. Industry
action can prevent excess plastic
reaching our supermarket shelves in
the first place.”
Sainsbury’s chief executive, Mike
Coupe, said: “We all have a role to play
in reducing the amount of plastics
used in society. For our part we accept
our responsibilities and are working
hard to reduce the use of plastic across
our business.”
Critics say the pact is vol2 
untary and that the pledge
Jeremy Corbyn accused her of inheriting a “cruel and misdirected” policy
from Theresa May and making it worse.
The prime minister struggled to get
the upper hand in tetchy exchanges
with the Labour leader, during which
she insisted the government was committed to making sure those who were
entitled to be in Britain could remain.
May added that it was also right to
clamp down on illegal immigration.
“Up and down this country people
want to ensure the government is
taking action against those people who
are here in this country illegally,” she
Journalist’s
killer gets life
An inventor has
been sentenced
for the murder and
dismemberment
of Kim Wall in a
case that gripped
Denmark Page 4
The age of
Amazon
Jeff Bezos:
How he
became the
world’s richest
man
Page 12
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:2 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 25/4/2018 20:40
•
Inside
Thursday 26 April 2018
The Guardian Thursday 26 April 2018
News
National Pages 5-23
Rupert Murdoch and wife Jerry Hall
arrive for a state dinner with Donald
Trump and Emmanuel Macron
Press freedom Britain ranks below Uruguay
and Samoa for restrictions on reporters | Page 7
PHOTOGRAPH: ALEX BRANDON/AP
Cheeki Rafiki Sailing firm director cleared overr
manslaughter of four yachtsmen | Page 15
Handmaid’s Tale It’s back. And it’s gloomier,
harsher and scarier than before | Page 17
Gorilla study More of the apes than thought,
but their numbers are plummeting | Page 22
World Pages 25-33
Korea talks Optimism gives way to realism
on eve of cross-border negotiations | Page 28
Bags banned What is it like living under the
world’s toughest anti-plastic rules? | Page 31
Madrid scandal Regional president resigns as
footage emerges of face cream ‘theft’ | Page 33
Financial Pages 35-39
Persimmon revolt Shareholders vent anger over
£75m bonus for building firm’s boss | Page 35
TSB trouble Bank not out of the woods after
saying services were up and running | Page 37
Journal Centre section
Britain doesn’t need
more statues. They
hey
don’t tell us what
at is
right and wrong
g
Martin Kettle
Page 1
Tech has no
moral code. It is
our job now to
fight for one
Lizzie O’Shea
Page
P
4
G2 Centre section, tucked inside Journal
Penne wise How do the low-carb alternatives
to traditional durum pasta shape up? | Page 6
Parental advisory How 80s musicians
reacted to being part of the Filthy 15 | Page 10
Sport Back section
Moeen Ali ‘I’d rather be too nice to be honest.
I set out in cricket to make friends’ | Page 44
Barney Ronay Only the stoniest heart could fail
to be cheered by the rise of James Milner | Page 48
Puzzles G2, page 16 | Journal, page 12
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guardian.readers@theguardian.com.
Letters for publication should be sent to
guardian.letters@theguardian.com or
the address on the letters page.
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cYanmaGentaYellowbl
Murdoch faces rival £22bn
bid for Sky from Comcast
Mark Sweney
A US media and telecoms company
yesterday gatecrashed Rupert Murdoch’s takeover of Sky with a rival
£22bn offer, sparking a bidding war for
Britain’s biggest pay-TV broadcaster.
Comcast, which owns NBC Universal and is the largest cable operator in
the US, has made an all-cash offer of
£12.50 a share – 16% more than the
offer from Murdoch’s 21st Century Fox,
which values Sky at £19bn.
Fox already owns 39% of Sky and
submitted its bid to take full control in
December 2016, but the deal has been
delayed by regulatory issues.
Comcast made its move after having
an offer for 21st Century Fox’s entertainment assets, which include Sky
and the Hollywood studio 20th Century Fox, spurned by Murdoch last
year. Murdoch agreed a $66bn (£47bn)
Continued from page 1
Supermarkets sign
pledge to reduce
plastic packaging
comes with no enforcement mechanism. It fails to commit to removing
all single-use packaging, instead
promising to remove “problematic
or unnecessary” single-use plastic by
2025.
Other promises include that all
plastic packaging should be reusable,
recyclable or compostable; that 70%
should be recycled or composted; and
that all plastic packaging should have
30% average recycled content.
Ministers are considering changes
to the way retailers and supermarkets
contribute to the collection and
recycling of their waste, known as
the packaging recovery note scheme.
Changes this summer could include
forcing supermarkets and other
retailers to pay more to clear up the
waste they create. Supermarkets pay
less towards collecting and recycling
their plastic waste than in any other
European country, leaving taxpayers
to pick up 90% of the bill.
Documents published this week
under freedom of information laws
show supermarkets and their representative bodies have strongly lobbied
government against increasing the
sale to rival Disney that is being scrutinised by US regulators, as Fox’s own
deal for Sky continues to be investigated by the UK competition regulator
over issues including media plurality
concerns.
Philapelphia-based Comcast, which
has 1,300 employees in the UK, made a
number of pledges, including a promise to keep Sky’s HQ in south-west
London and guarantee the editorial
independence and funding of Sky
News for at least 10 years.
“We are determined to be responsible and trusted owners of Sky,” Brian
Roberts, the chair and chief executive
of Comcast, said. “We understand and
appreciate the value of news and are
committed to protecting the important
role that Sky News plays in providing a
high-quality impartial news service.”
The company also said it would
not look to acquire a majority interest in any UK newspaper for at least
five years, a shot at the Sun and Times
amount they pay towards collection
and recycling of plastic and other
waste, saying it would be a “significant
and disruptive change” to business.
Julian Kirby, plastics campaigner
for Friends of the Earth, welcomed
the new pact as a move in the right
direction, but said: “It must be accompanied by government measures to
ensure that everyone plays their part
and these targets are actually met.”
He said regulations and taxes were
required to discourage industry from
using virgin plastic and to boost their
recycling and force them to re-use
material. “Ultimately the only longterm solution is a complete phase-out
of all but the most essential uses,
covering all plastic-polluting sectors
including clothing, cosmetics and
vehicles, as well as packaging.”
Iceland has not joined up to the
pledge, which mostly concentrates on
recycling. In January the chain became
the first major retailer to commit to
eliminate plastic packaging for all its
own-brand products within just five
years.
Iceland’s boss, Richard Walker, said
he was supportive of the initiative. But
he added: “We have taken the decision not to participate directly in their
2023
Date by which Iceland promises
to eliminate plastic packaging
for all its own-brand products
owner Murdoch, whose takeover bid
is being scrutinised over concerns that
taking over Sky News would give him
too much control of UK news media.
This month Disney “expressed an
interest” in buying Sky News – regardless of whether its takeover of Fox and
Sky is successful – in an attempt to help
solve the plurality issue that is slowing
up Murdoch’s bid and see off Comcast.
Comcast said it would prefer to
take full control of Sky but it would
be “happy at 50.1% and 100% and anywhere in between”. However Roberts
said he did not expect Fox or Disney to
want to remain a minority shareholder.
Comcast would need approval from
82% of Sky’s non-Fox shareholders to
achieve a 50% controlling stake.
While 21st Century Fox said it
remained committed to its offer for
Sky and was “considering its options”,
including potentially raising its bid,
analysts believe Murdoch now has to
clear any offer increase with Disney.
Under the terms of their agreement Fox has “broad parameters”
to increase debt, or buy or sell assets
without breaking its deal with Disney.
But in “certain instances” Fox cannot act without Disney’s approval. In
addition, Disney cannot make its own
direct bid for Sky without the written
consent of Fox.
Sky’s independent board, which
had told shareholders to accept Murdoch’s offer, has withdrawn that
recommendation in light of Comcast’s
higher bid. Comcast said its offer was
warmly received Sky. “In reality, this is
likely to be about what Disney is willing to pay for Sky as Disney will be the
buyer of the Fox assets,” said Ian Whittaker, analyst at Liberum.
Plastic Pact because we have already
taken a more far-reaching decision to
eliminate plastic packaging from our
own label range in its entirety by 2023.
Given the scale of our ambition, we
feel that it is right to focus all Iceland’s
resources on delivering this.”
Morrisons announced last week
it is to trial “plastic-free” fruit and
vegetable sections in its stores, while
allowing shoppers to bring in their own
containers for purchases from its fresh
meat and fish counters.
Dominic Hogg, from the environmental consultants Eunomia, said the
voluntary policy must not be used as
an excuse not to regulate.
“If you want 70% of packaging to be
recycled or composted, don’t put it in a
voluntary agreement that businesses
can choose to adopt or not choose to,”
he said. “Make it a policy, legislate to
drive performance to that level. Plastic
waste is a significant global problem
and won’t be addressed by a voluntary pact.”
Marcus Gover, chief executive
officer of the government-backed
waste adviser Wrap, said: “We have
a once in a lifetime opportunity to
rethink and reshape the future of
plastic so that we retain its value,
and curtail the damage plastic waste
wreaks on our planet.
“This requires a whole-scale transformation of the plastics system and
can only be achieved by bringing
together all links in the chain under a
shared commitment to act. ”
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:3 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 25/4/2018 20:40
cYanmaGentaYellowbl
•
Thursday 26 April 2018 The Guardian
News
3
▼ The Brontë project coincides with
the 40th anniversary year of Kate
Bush’s debut hit Wuthering Heights
PHOTOGRAPH: COURTESY OF EMI
Back to the wiley windy moors:
Kate Bush’s tribute to Brontës
Mark Brown
Arts correspondent
Kate Bush is to make her second tribute to Emily Brontë, providing words
for a permanent art installation on
the wiley, windy moors that inspired
Wuthering Heights.
Bush will join the poet laureate,
Carol Ann Duffy, the Scottish makar,
or national poet, Jackie Kay and the
novelist Jeanette Winterson in a summer project celebrating the Brontë
sisters. All four have been commissioned to write a piece of poetry or
prose which will then be engraved on
stones positioned over the eight-mile
route between the sisters’ birthplace
and the family parsonage.
Winterson will celebrate the Brontë
legacy as a whole, Duffy will celebrate
Charlotte, Kay has Anne and Bush has
Emily. The Brontë stones project takes
place in the bicentenary year of Emily’s birth andthe 40th anniversary year
of Bush’s Wuthering Heights, the song
she released when 18 years old that
carved out her place in pop history.
Bush said she was delighted to
be involved . “Each sister being
remembered by a stone in the enigmatic landscape where they lived and
worked is a striking idea. Emily only
wrote the one novel – an extraordinary
work of art that has truly left its mark.
To be asked to write a piece for Emily’s stone is an honour and, in a way, a
chance to say thank you to her.”
The writers have been commissioned by Bradford literature festival,
which will unveil the stones in July.
Getting Bush involved is a real coup.
While not, in her words, the “weirdo
recluse” she is sometimes portrayed
as, Bush avoids the limelight.
She rarely gives interviews. When,
out of the blue, she announced a
series of live shows in 2014, her first
for 35 years, the news made headlines
around the world.
The festival’s director, Siyama
Aslam, admitted they approached
the singer with a degree of trepidation. “We saw it as such a good fit, but
equally we were, ‘she might just say
no.’ But you won’t know unless you
ask … and she said yes, which was tremendously exciting.”
The stones project is the only thing
Bush will be doing to mark the 40th
anniversary of the song.
Aslam said the Charlotte stone will
be at the house where the Brontës,
including their wayward brother
Branwell, were born in the village
of Thornton. Anne’s stone will be in
a meadow beside the parsonage in
Haworth, now the Bronte Parsonage
Museum, where the family grew up.
The Emily and Brontë legacy stones
will be in the landscape.
Putting the Emily stone on the wild
and exposed moors was not a difficult
decision. “There was no other way of
▲ The Brontë sisters, above, will be
celebrated by Kate Bush, Jeanette
Winterson, below, Carol Ann Duffy
and Jackie Kay PHOTOGRAPH: DAVID LEVENE
doing it,” said Aslam. “I remember a
long time ago being laughed at by a
friend as we were driving through the
moors and I said, ‘It’s all so bleak, it
reminds me of Wuthering Heights.’ .”
Aslam said it had been important
to get a northern writer to celebrate
the Brontë legacy and was thrilled that
Winterson said yes.
Winterson recalled growing up in
Lancashire and roaming the hills in
the rain. “The Brontës showed me that
hearts beat like mine, that the struggle
to know who you are happens across
time and generations, and gender.
“They showed me that writing
needs the power of the personal
behind it – but that somehow the
story one person tells has to become
a story many people can claim as their
own. And the Brontës are women. As
a woman I needed those ancestors,
those guides. I still do.”
Aslam said the calibre of the writers was important. “As much as the
stones will be a way in to the work of
the Brontës, they will also be a way into
these writers as well.”
Michael Stewart, who lives in
Thornton, came up with the idea in
2013. He said he had long wanted “my
village to receive recognition for its
place in the Brontë story … It’s fantastic to see the project come to fruition.”
Stewart will lead a guided walk
between Thornton and Haworth, titled
In the Footsteps of the Brontës, on 8
July. The day before Duffy, Kay and
Winterson will be in Bradford to inaugurate the stones and read their words.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:4 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 25/4/2018 19:08
cYanmaGentaYellowbl
•
4
The Guardian Thursday 26 April 2018
News
▼ Kim Wall went missing after a trip
on the Nautilus submarine last August
PHOTOGRAPH: MADS CLAUS RASMUSSEN/GETTY
▲ Kim Wall, a Swedish journalist, had reported from
around the world, including for the Guardian
▲ Peter Madsen, who is a celebrity in Denmark, confessed
to a woman that he was a ‘psychopath, but a loving one’
Court sentences Danish inventor
to life in jail for reporter’s murder
Richard Orange
Copenhagen
A Danish inventor has been sentenced
to life in prison for the premeditated
murder and sexual assault of the
Swedish journalist Kim Wall on his
submarine in August last year.
The judge, Anette Burkø, and two
jurors found Peter Madsen, 47, guilty
of premeditated murder, aggravated
sexual assault and desecrating a
corpse.
“This is a cynical and pre-planned
sexual assault of a particularly brutal
nature on a random woman who, in
connection with her journalistic work,
accepted an invitation for a sailing
trip on the accused’s submarine,” the
judge said, explaining the rare decision to hand down Denmark’s most
severe sentence.
Wall’s parents, Ingrid and Joachim,
who had followed much of the trial
in court, were not present for the verdict, although their seats were taken
by friends and relatives. Wall, 30, had
reported from all over the world for
Time magazine, the New York Times
and the Guardian, among others. Her
boyfriend, Ole Stokke Nielsen, told the
court she was “incredibly ambitious”
and “amazingly curious”.
Madsen looked crushed as he heard
the verdict, sitting motionless with his
eyes closed and his head bowed, in
contrast to his behaviour during the
trial, when he would look frequently
around the courtroom. He then left
Simpsons’ Apu controversy:
actor says he is willing to quit
Lanre Bakare
The Simpsons actor Hank Azaria, who
provides the voice for Apu Nahasapeemapetilon, has said he would be
willing to step aside and be replaced
by an Indian or south Asian actor after
calling for more “inclusion” and diversity in the show’s writing room.
He made the comments on Stephen
Colbert’s The Late Show, where he
called for the creators of The Simpsons
to listen to the criticism over Apu, who
has been called “a noxious pastiche
of south Asian stereotypes”. Azaria
said: “I think the most important thing
is to listen to Indian people and their
experience with it. Listening to voices
means inclusion in the writers’ room.
“I really want to see Indian, south
Asian writers in the writers’ room, genuinely informing whichever direction
this character takes. I’m perfectly willing to step aside. It just feels like the
right thing to do to me.”
The conversation around the character started when Hari Kondabolu – a
standup comic from New York – made a
documentary called The Problem With
Apu, in which he explained how the
character was used by children and
young people, who would adopt his
to confer with his lawyer, Betina Hald
Engmark, who announced on their
return that he would appeal.
The case has gripped Denmark
since Wall failed to return from a trip
on Madsen’s self-built Nautilus submarine on 10 August. Madsen was a
semi-celebrity at the time of his arrest,
having made a name for himself with
three self-built submarines and two
crowdfunded manned space projects.
Burkø said his version of events –
that Wall died when an accident filled
the vessel with toxic exhaust fumes
– was “not credible and not consistent with the following decision to
dismember the body”. Madsen had
changed his explanation for Wall’s
death several times, Burkø noted.
She said the court instead believed
catchphrase “Thank you, come again!”
to bully south Asian Americans.
Kondabolu told the Guardian in
2017: “There are a billion reasons to
love The Simpsons and Apu was one
of them. But when you sit in high
school, which is, I think for most of
us, the lowest point in our lives, you
realise [Apu] was a tool for kids to go
after you. And this was perfect, right?
A caricature with this ridiculous accent
that nobody has.”
He said: “I still had the same vulnerabilities, and my parents were
accented. I thought: how are they
going to view my parents, how are
they going to view me?”
The Simpsons addressed the criticism during an episode in early April.
In the scene, Marge is reading a book
to daughter Lisa that has been updated
from its original text to something
more politically correct. “Something
the prosecution’s theory that he had
sexually tortured Wall to fulfil a violent sexual fantasy.
It is very unusual for a life sentence
to be handed down for the murder of a
single person in Denmark, where prisoners sentenced to life imprisonment
serve an average of 16 years.
Madsen admitted to just one of the
four charges: mistreatment of a corpse.
He confessed in October to dismembering Wall’s body after divers found
her head, legs and clothing in Køge
Bay, claiming it had been necessary
to cut it up in order to remove it from
the submarine.
Over the course of the 11-day trial,
prosecutors presented their case
in often horrific detail. But Madsen
refused to go into detail in court, calling Wall’s death “a very, very traumatic
event which I do not want to describe”.
When he was arrested in August,
Madsen initially claimed to have
dropped Wall off on land, but he
almost immediately admitted that she
had died on board and that he had then
“buried her at sea”.
At first he said her skull had been
crushed by a heavy latch, but after
the discovery of Wall’s head, he said
she had been asphyxiated, claiming
to have come up with his first story to
spare Wall’s parents.
The court heard from a woman that
Madsen had confessed to her that he
was “a psychopath, but a loving one”, a
judgment backed up by a forensic psychiatric report that described Madsen
as a “perverse polymorph” with “psychopathic traits”.
Such was the interest in the trial that
the Copenhagen district court opened
up a special room with a video link on
some days to accommodate up to 115
journalists from 15 countries. Wall’s
parents attended the trial most days
and took notes from specially reserved
seats beside the media section.
Madsen expressed his regret when
asked to make a closing statement at
the end of the trial. “The only thing I
want to say is that I’m very, very sorry
for what has happened,” he said.
He was also found guilty of a lesser
charge of reckless sailing, and ordered
to pay damages to the victim’s parents
and boyfriend.
▲ Hank Azaria (top) has said he is
ready to stop voicing the Simpsons’
Kwik-E-Mart owner Apu (bottom)
that started decades ago and was
applauded and inoffensive is now
politically incorrect. What can you
do?” says Lisa, the screen then showing Apu with the phrase “Don’t have
a cow” on it.
Kondabolu criticised the scene
as dismissive and “sad”, tweeting:
“Wow. ‘Politically incorrect?’ That’s
the takeaway from my movie and the
discussion it sparked?”
Azaria had previously said the fact
that Apu had caused harm and suffering was “disturbing” and “distressing”
to him. “The idea that anybody was
marginalised based on it, or had a hard
time, was very upsetting to me personally and professionally,” he added.
Last week, Al Jean, the show’s executive producer, tweeted that he would
“try to find an answer” to the controversy. “I truly appreciate all responses
pro and con,” he wrote.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:5 Edition Date:180426 Edition:03 Zone:
cYanmaGentaYellowbla
•••
Thursday 26 April 2018 The Guardian
Press freedom
UK among worst in
western Europe
Page 7
Sent at 26/4/2018 0:20
Offred’s return
The Handmaid’s
Tale is back
Page 17
5
Trump set for
visit in July,
minus pomp
and ceremony
Pippa Crerar
Deputy political editor
Donald Trump will finally make his
first official visit to Britain this summer, sources have confirmed. The
US president will join Theresa May
for talks at No 10 and could meet the
Queen or other senior royal family
members.
However, the president will not be
afforded the honour of a state visit
with an official banquet at Buckingham Palace or a carriage procession
along the Mall.
The prime minister’s official
spokesman, when asked whether the
visit had been confirmed, said: “When
the prime minister and the president
met at Davos [for the World Economic
Forum meeting in January], they said
their officials were going to be putting
together a working visit, and we will
announce the details of that in due
course.”
The Guardian understands that
Trump is expected to travel to the UK
after attending the Nato summit in
Brussels in mid-July.
The prime minister invited Trump
for a state visit when she became the
first world leader to meet the president in the White House in January
last year. It was swiftly downgraded
to a “working trip” after huge public
opposition to the visit and MPs vowed
not to give Trump the opportunity to
address parliament.
The president then cancelled that
visit, to open the new American
embassy in London, amid fears of
mass protests.
He claimed on Twitter that he had
called it off because of his displeasure at his predecessor, Barack Obama,
having sold the previous embassy in
Mayfair for “peanuts” and building
a $1bn replacement. The move was
signed off when George W Bush was
still in the White House.
May’s government has been keen
to strike up a close relationship with
the Trump administration, despite his
erratic behaviour, in part because of
Britain’s desire, post-Brexit, to strike
a swift trade deal with the world’s largest economy.
They clashed last year after the
president retweeted videos from
the far-right group Britain First, but
in recent weeks their relationship
appears to have been put on firmer
footing after Britain joined US military strikes against the Syrian regime.
Trump is the first US president in
decades to wrap up his opening year
without offering a counterpart the
honour of a state visit, a diplomatic
tool used to impress and showcase ties
between allies.
Labour divisions widen as
McCluskey calls for ‘Corbyn
haters’ to be held to account
Heather Stewart
Jessica Elgot
Anne Perkins
The general secretary of the Unite trade
union, Len McCluskey, has accused
Labour MPs who have complained
about antisemitism of “smearing” Jeremy Corbyn and called for them to be
“held to account”.
In an article in the New Statesman,
McCluskey, a close ally of Corbyn, says:
“I look with disgust at the behaviour of
the Corbyn-hater MPs who join forces
with the most reactionary elements of
the media establishment and I understand why there is a growing demand
for mandatory reselection.”
Unite was the largest single donor
to Labour’s 2017 general election campaign, and the party’s new general
secretary, Jennie Formby, was previously a senior officer at the union.
McCluskey denounces some Labour
MPs by name, including Chris Leslie, Neil Coyle, John Woodcock, Wes
Streeting and Ian Austin, calling them
“a dismal chorus whose every dirge
makes winning a Labour government
more difficult”, and accuses them of
“working overtime trying to present
the Labour party as a morass of misogyny, antisemitism and bullying”. He
goes on to warn that “promiscuous
critics” who “wish to hold Corbyn
to account can expect to be held to
account themselves”.
McCluskey’s intervention came as
Corbyn attempted to show he was getting to grips with the antisemitism row.
The Labour leader’s spokesman said
yesterday that Formby would make
tackling antisemitism her top priority,
and Corbyn would “lead the drive to
eliminate antisemitism in the party”.
The Guardian understands the
McCluskey article was not cleared with
Corbyn’s office in advance.
Yesterday about 40 Labour MPs
and peers marched in support of their
Jewish colleague Ruth Smeeth before
she gave evidence at the disciplinary
hearing of Marc Wadsworth, a Labour
activist accused of berating her.
MPs including the shadow environment secretary, Sue Hayman,
Owen Smith, and the Jewish Labour
Candidate rejected
Labour has declined to endorse a
candidate who suggested that last
year’s Manchester Arena bombing
may not have occurred, effectively
removing her as a prospective MP.
Mandy Richards, selected as the
party’s candidate for Worcester last
week, had claimed on her Twitter
account that there were “no images
… of physical damage” from the
bombing last May, and also said
there was a “convenient shortage of
evidence” in the murder of the MP
Jo Cox in June 2016.
Questions are likely to be asked
about how Richards passed the
selection process, having previously
been shortlisted for another seat in
Telford several weeks earlier.
Speaking after the announcement, Richards said she was
disappointed, but understood the
NEC’s decision, which was the result
of “adverse publicity” over the past
few days. Jessica Elgot
▲ Ruth Smeeth, in sunglasses, is
escorted to the disciplinary hearing
by Labour MPs and peers including
Luciana Berger and Jess Phillips
PHOTOGRAPH: STEFAN ROUSSEAU/PA
Movement chair, Luciana Berger,
formed a protective ring around
Smeeth as she entered.
Wadsworth’s case will be heard
by Labour’s national constitutional
committee, which has the power to
expel members. The hearing comes 22
months after the first complaint was
made against Wadsworth, who at the
launch of Labour’s inquiry into antisemitism accused Smeeth of working
“hand in hand” with the media.
Labour Against the Witch-Hunt, a
lobby group set up to protest against
expulsions, turned out to support
Wadsworth. Several people shouted
“Free Palestine” as the MPs passed.
MPs said they were supporting
Smeeth because she had initially
been told by the party that she would
be responsible for her own security en
route to the hearing.
Streeting, who organised the delegation, said: “I was proud to see so
many Labour MPs and peers ... accompanying Ruth this morning in a show of
friendship and solidarity. But no victim of abuse should ever have to walk
through a protest against them to give
evidence to a hearing.”
Wadsworth denied he was antisemitic and said he had endured
“almost two years of trial by media”
and that much reporting of his case
had been incorrect. Asked whether he
thought he would get a fair hearing,
he said: “I reserve my view on that.”
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6
Scientists call
for rethink as
depression
drugs linked
to dementia
cYanmaGentaYellowb
The Guardian Thursday 26 April 2018
National
Sarah Boseley
Health editor
Some antidepressants and bladder
medicines could be linked to dementia, according to scientists who have
called on doctors to think about “deprescribing” them where possible.
Tricyclic antidepressants such as
amitriptyline, which are prescribed
for pain and help with sleeping, and
one of the SSRI class, paroxetine (also
known as Seroxat), are also implicated
by the largest study of its kind.
Amitriptyline was in the news in
February, named as the most effective of the antidepressants in a study.
Some drugs used to combat Parkinson’s disease are also linked to raising
the risk of dementia.
As a group, these are known as
anticholinergic drugs. There are about
1.5 to 2 million people in England on
this type of drug which can cause
short-term-confusion and raise the
risk of falls for sufferers. One in five
people taking an antidepressant is on
an anticholinergic drug, which is usually amitriptyline.
The researchers, who reported their
findings in the British Medical Journal,
investigated GP records for more than
40,000 people over the age of 65 with
dementia and nearly 300,000 without dementia. They looked back at
prescribing records for up to 20 years
earlier, to find out whether there was
a link between the anticholinergic
drugs given and a later diagnosis of
dementia.
They found that people who were
on the drugs between four and 20 years
earlier were more likely to have been
diagnosed with dementia.
Antihistamines for hayfever and
gastrological drugs were given a clean
bill of health even though these are
also anticholinergic.
But for those who have been prescribed these drugs for depression,
Parkinson’s and bladder problems,
the risk of dementia rose from10%
which is considered normal, to 13%
– so three extra people in every 100
might be diagnosed.
The researchers, led by the University of East Anglia, stopped short
of claiming that the drugs cause
dementia.
Alfie Evans care staff
face ‘barrage of abuse’
Ben Quinn
Medical staff at the hospital treating
Alfie Evans have been subjected to “a
barrage of highly abusive and threatening” language and behaviour, the
chairman and chief executive of Alder
Hey Children’s NHS Foundation Trust
said yesterday.
The news came on the day that a
court rejected a last-ditch appeal by
Alfie’s parents against a ruling preventing them from flying him to Rome for
treatment.
In an open letter, chairman of Alder
Hey hospital Sir David Henshaw and
chief executive Louise Shepherd said
staff had been “deeply affected” by the
story of Alfie Evans and felt “deeply”
for him and his whole family.
But they defended staff from
what they said had been a “barrage”
of abuse. The letter said: “As a leading children’s healthcare provider,
described by Justice Hayden, who
heard the detailed evidence in Alfie’s
case, as providing care that ‘can only
be properly characterised as world
class’, we share the heartbreak that
occurs when a child cannot be cured
and when a child dies.
“Having to carry on our usual day to
day work in a hospital that has required
a significant police presence just to
keep our patients, staff and visitors
safe is completely unacceptable.
“Our staff have received in person,
via phone calls, email, and through
social media channels a barrage of
highly abusive and threatening language and behaviour that has shocked
▲ Alfie Evans is said to be struggling
after his life support was withdrawn
us all. Worse still, patients and visitors
to Alder Hey have also reported abuse.”
Henshaw and Shepherd added that
they had also received many messages
of support and thanked the hospital’s
supporters, as well as Merseyside
police for their unstinting assistance.
Yesterday three court of appeal
judges backed the decision made at
the high court on Tuesday to deny the
request after the 23-month-old was
granted Italian citizenship.
The ruling followed a flurry of legal
arguments by lawyers for Tom Evans
and Kate James, the parents of Alfie,
who was said to be “struggling” yesterday after being taken off life support.
Among those present in court was
the chief of staff of the Italian embassy,
who was said to be ready to give immediate instructions to a “military grade”
air ambulance that had been put on
standby to bring the boy to Italy at the
request of Pope Francis.
The high court ruled Alfie may be
allowed home from Alder Hey, where
his life support has been withdrawn
following a legal fight that went to the
European court of human rights, but
barred the parents from taking their
son to hospital at the Vatican.
Mr Justice Hayden said that
although Alfie had been a “fighter”
since his life support had removed, his
undiagnosed degenerative condition
had “almost entirely wiped out” his
brain matter and he stood no chance
of recovery.
Yesterday the appeal judges heard
that James was now represented by a
different barrister, Jason Coppel QC,
who said she had told him by telephone: “Alfie is struggling and needs
immediate intervention.”
Paul Diamond QC, for Evans,
said the parents were not seeking a
“miracle cure” in Italy but wanted
recognition that the context in which
the palliative care that had previously
been considered had now changed, as
Alfie had been breathing unaided for
more than 48 hours.
Rejecting the arguments put forward by the legal counsel for the
parents, Michael Mylonas QC said
that doctors had never said the child’s
death would be instantaneous after his
ventilator had been removed.
While it had been suggested that
there was a change in circumstances
that gave greater weight to allowing
Alfie to be transported by air to Italy,
Mylonas told the judges: “Alfie stands
exactly the same risk of brain damage
in transit.”
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:7 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
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•
Thursday 26 April 2018 The Guardian
National
7
Britons’ loyalty
to Facebook
dips but survey
finds they don’t
stray too far
Jim Waterson
PHOTOGRAPH: NOOR AHMED GELAL © PERN IMAGES
Media editor
Feast for the eyes This overhead shot of Hindu worshippers breaking a daylong fast at a temple in Dhaka,
Bangladesh, taken by local photographer Noor Ahmed Gelal and titled ‘Praying With Food’, beat 8,000 other
entries to win Gelal the title of Pink Lady Food Photographer of the Year 2018 . The top prize was £5,000
UK ranks among worst for press
freedom in western Europe
Jim Waterson
Media editor
The UK has one of the worst environments for press freedom in western
Europe, according to a global ranking
that places Britain below countries
including Uruguay, Samoa and Chile
for restrictions on reporters as they
seek to hold power to account.
Reporters Without Borders, which
campaigns for journalistic freedoms,
said the UK ranked 40th out of 180
countries on its annual world press
freedom index, between Trinidad &
Tobago and Burkina Faso.
It cited proposals to introduce
tougher press regulation, the government’s campaign to limit encryption
on services such as WhatsApp, and
restrictions by Labour and the Conservatives on journalists’ access to
politicians during the 2017 general
election as evidence of a “heavyhanded” approach towards the media.
Other concerns include the law firm
Appleby using British courts to sue the
Guardian and the BBC over the publication of the Paradise Papers, plus
the fact the BBC political editor, Laura
Kuenssberg, required a bodyguard for
her protection while attending last
autumn’s political party conferences.
Reporters Without Borders’ UK
bureau director, Rebecca Vincent, said
Britain’s ranking was “unacceptable
Scandinavia leads the World Press Freedom Index 2018
Jamaica (6th) and
Costa Rica (10th) lead the
Americas for press freedom
How the index
rates countries
• Good
• Fairly good
• Problematic
• Bad
• Very bad
Top five countries for
press freedom
1 Norway
2 Sweden
3 The Netherlands
4 Finland
5 Switzerland
Source: Reporters Without Borders
UK ranked 40th
behind France (33rd)
and Spain (31st)
South Korea climbed
20 places since last
year to 43rd
North Korea stayed
180th out of 180 with
a global score of 88.87
And the bottom
five countries
176 China
177 Syria
178 Turkmenistan
179 Eritrea
180 North Korea
for a country that plays an important
international standard-setting role
when it comes to human rights and fundamental freedoms”. Scandinavian
countries scored highest on the list,
with Norway taking top spot. Italy was
the only big western European country
to have a lower ranking than the UK.
Canada ranked 18th, Australia was
19th, while the US came in at 45th. New
Zealand rose five places to rank eighth.
The Guardian editor, Katharine
Viner, launched the report at the
Guardian’s office in London, warning
that the worldwide “situation in terms
of press freedom is getting worse”. She
said journalists should not forget to
campaign for press freedom in the UK,
in addition to other countries.
James Harding, who until recently
was in charge of the BBC’s news operation, said that while misinformation
on social media was widely discussed
it was often the actions of governments that caused real damage.
“For all the discussion of fake news,
there is much more pervasive problem
of state news, which is the problem of governments and politicians
encroaching on the media,” he said.
They were joined by the reporter
Matthew Caruana Galizia, the son
of the murdered Maltese journalist
Daphne Caruana Galizia. He said the
public should be aware that even in
Europe journalists were being killed
as a result of their work.
“There is no one who has stepped
up to claim that spot and continue the
fight that she was fighting,” he said.
Malta dropped to 65th on the list.
He urged others to continue her
work. “It was easy for the people she
was reporting on – all they had to do
was eliminate her and they thought
that would eliminate the story.”
British adults are becoming less reliant on Facebook for communicating
with friends, according to research
conducted by the UK media regulator, which suggests people are starting
to turn to other social media apps.
The number of British social media
users who consider Facebook to be
their main social media or messaging profile fell from 80% to 70% in 12
months, according to the regulator’s
annual media use survey.
Instead Britons are increasingly using other services, with the
proportion of internet users considering WhatsApp to be their main
online profile increasing from 7% to
16%. Although primarily a messaging service, WhatsApp is becoming
increasingly important for holding
discussions and distributing news
through groups of users built around
specific interests.
The drift away from Facebook was
particularly marked among younger
internet users, with 13% of 16-24 year
olds saying Snapchat was their preferred social media service, while 9%
of the same age group said they primarily used Instagram rather than
Facebook.
Ofcom’s data was primarily based
on interviews with 1,875 individuals
aged over 16, with the main survey
work conducted in autumn 2017. This
was before the Cambridge Analytica
story raised widespread concerns
about Facebook’s data usage and damaged the company’s brand.
Although Britons appear to be
slightly less loyal to the main Facebook
site, the company may not be completely upset with the survey findings.
While there has been a slight dip in
the total number of adults who have
an account on the social network, it
remains utterly dominant with more
than half of British adults saying they
have an account. In addition, losing
attention time to WhatsApp and Instagram is not catastrophic for Mark
Zuckerberg’s company: both are
owned by Facebook.
The Ofcom survey also found that
the average British adult internet
user spends 24 hours a week online
and people are becoming less reliant
on their televisions, with more than
half of adults saying they watch ondemand or streaming content.
Despite this the report found a lack
of understanding regarding online regulation, with three in 10 internet users
incorrectly believing video content
on YouTube is regulated and thinking “rules about offensive, harmful,
unfair, inaccurate or biased content”
apply to videos posted on the site.
The majority of Britons said the benefits of being on the internet outweigh
the risks, although respondents raised
concerns about the impact of being
online for substantial periods of time.
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8
cYanmaGentaYellowbl
The Guardian Thursday 26 April 2018
National
Windrush scandal
Rudd accused
of protecting
PM over ‘hostile
environment’
Continued from page 1
refusing to say whether May was
responsible for the department ending up too focused on policy rather
than people.
“I think the Home Office needs to
have a more human face … I’m trying
to look forward to make those changes
now. I want the Home Office to have a
more personal focus,” she said.
However, when asked whether the
fault lay with changes that she had
implemented herself, rather than her
predecessor, she said: “That would be
for others to judge … I don’t think I can
give a clear answer to that.”
John Woodcock, a Labour committee member, told her: “You could
give a clear answer, but you’re choosing not to because you’re choosing to
protect the previous incumbent of the
home department, who is the prime
minister.”
Rudd also refused to identify the
so-called hostile environment immigration policy brought in by May,
which requires people to proactively
prove their status, as a specific failing. She again appeared to deflect
blame from the current government,
saying the Windrush problem had
been around for decades, and that
it was “disappointing no previous
governments saw this coming”
Lucy Moreton, head of the ISU
immigration workers’ union, told the
committee the changes introduced
by May around 2011 had made a difference. Before then, she told MPs,
immigration case workers dealing with
a Windrush generation person could
assess their case by checking their
knowledge of events such as the 1977
silver jubilee and the 1976 drought.
“That level of discretion is no longer
permitted,” she added.
Rudd later said she hoped to give
immigration staff more discretion to
assess cases to prevent anything similar happening again. She also told
the MPs that the government was still
checking to confirm that no Windrush
citizens had been wrongly deported
and had not yet begun to assess how
many might have been detained over
their immigration status.
Asked by the committee chair,
Labour’s Yvette Cooper, when she
first learned of the issue, Rudd replied:
Amelia Gentleman
[of the Guardian]
has done an
extraordinary job
Amber Rudd
Home secretary
“I became aware over the past few
months, I would say, that there was a
problem of individuals I was seeing.
This was covered by newspapers, and
MPs bringing it forward anecdotally
over the past three or four months, and
I became aware that there was a potential issue.”
She continued: “I bitterly, deeply
regret that I didn’t see it as more than
individual cases gone wrong that
needed addressing. I didn’t see it as
a systemic issue until very recently.”
The home secretary paid tribute to
the “extraordinary job” done by the
Guardian’s Amelia Gentleman, who
had been highlighting the issue for
more than six months.
Rudd caused confusion over the
existence of regional targets for
deportations, which she claimed to
be unaware of, prompting Cooper to
suggest that she might “lack a grip”
on the system. She confirmed that she
had asked for more removals to take
place generally, of about 12,000 people
a year, adding that there was “nothing
wrong” with trying to remove people
who were here illegally.
However, after the hearing, Moreton said: “Net removal targets certainly
do exist, and I’m somewhat bemused
as to why the home secretary would
say they do not.”
The home secretary denied that
the Tories’ stated goal of bringing
net immigration below 100,000 –
which she has previously refused to
say whether she would stick to – had
fuelled the saga.
“I don’t think that’s got anything
to do with it. It’s wrong to think the
net migration target is the problem
here. The problem here is that people were not properly documented,”
Rudd insisted.
She denied that she had discussed
the net immigration target in the context of the whole Windrush scandal
with May, but refused to be drawn on
“private conversations” that they had
had .
Satbir Singh, chief executive of the
Joint Council for the Welfare of Immigrants, told the MPs there was now a
“decision-making culture of suspicion” based around “inflexible and
unrealistic evidentiary burdens”.
Singh said that even though he was
a UK national born in the country, he
was recently asked to prove his immigration status when trying to rent a
flat. As his passport was at an embassy
to get a visa, he missed out. He said:
“That, for me, was a clear coalface
indictment of how this works.”
Earlier this week, Rudd unveiled an
emergency package of measures in an
attempt to draw a line under the affair,
but the Home Office has remained
under pressure as new cases continue
to emerge.
Damian Green Letter shows
hostile culture dates to 2011
Pippa Crerar
Deputy political editor
One of Theresa May’s most loyal allies
dismissed pleas from the Windrush
generation for help to confirm citizenship status as far back as 2011, a letter
seen by the Guardian shows.
Damian Green, former deputy to
the prime minister and an immigration minister during May’s first two
years running the Home Office, suggested the blame could have lain with
the migrants themselves for not regularising their status earlier.
The letter, sent to the Labour MP
David Lammy, is the earliest evidence
yet of the Conservative immigration
policy that was to follow – which was
defined by May two years later as the
“hostile environment” strategy. The
government is struggling to contain
the growing pressure on both May and
the home secretary, Amber Rudd.
The involvement of Green, whom
May made her first secretary when
she took over at No 10, draws the scandal ever closer to the prime minister,
despite the government’s repeated
attempts to lay the blame elsewhere.
At prime minister’s questions yesterday, Lammy revealed the plight of
one constituent, William O’Grady, who
left Jamaica as a child in 1959 and lived
and worked in the UK for 40 years. He
was unable to work for seven years
because he did not have the “right”
documentation, despite having had a
national insurance number since 1971.
Then he found he could not claim benefits to help with living costs, including
his rent.
Lammy, the MP for Tottenham, said
his pleas had fallen on deaf ears at the
Home Office, the UK Border Agency
and Passport Office. They had also
rejected a suggestion that UK citizenship fees could be waived.
In his letter, Green suggested that
O’Grady should have acquired settled status before 1971, when the law
changed. “Having settled status would
mean that he would be able to live and
work in the UK without restriction,” he
said. It was the constituent’s responsibility to provide evidence that he had
been in the UK before that time, and
had stayed continuously.
A separate letter from the Border
Agency to Lammy apologised for failing to reply to earlier correspondence
and told him the fee for a single application for British citizenship had since
risen to £836. It suggested O’Grady
should acquire a “no time limit” stamp
on his passport to enable him to work.
However, the Passport Agency held on
to O’Grady’s passport and birth certificate for more than a year, then claimed
that he had lost his claim to British
citizenship when Jamaica gained
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:9 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
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•
Thursday 26 April 2018 The Guardian
9
▼ Amber Rudd told the committee
she ‘deeply regretted’ not seeing
Windrush as a systemic issue until
recently PHOTOGRAPHS: BBC PARLIAMENT
Commons home affairs committee
Five unanswered questions
The Commons home affairs
committee heard almost three
hours of evidence about the
Windrush crisis from the home
secretary, Amber Rudd, one of
her senior officials and a series of
immigration experts. But a number
of points remain unclear.
1
What compensation will those
wrongly targeted receive?
Asked about this at prime
minister’s questions, Theresa May
said Rudd would “set out the details
of that compensation scheme in due
course”. Quizzed at the committee,
the home secretary had nothing
more to add. Yes, she assured the
MPs, those who had wrongly lost
jobs, homes or benefits would
receive recompense. But it remains
to be seen when, how much, and
how those affected should go about
applying.
2
How many people are
potentially affected by the
Windrush crisis?
A lot. In the short space of time
since the Windrush hotline was set
up, Glynn Williams, the head of
immigration for the Home Office,
told the committee that it had taken
3,800 calls, of which 1,364 had been
identified as Windrush cases. This
seems likely to rise.
So far, he said, 91 appointments
had been arranged, 25 had taken
place, and 23 documents had been
issued. Earlier in the day, a junior
minister, Nadhim Zahawi, had
pledged that all cases would be
sorted out within a fortnight. This
seems a big ask.
3
Have targets been set for
numbers of deportations?
It depends who you ask. Giving
evidence before Rudd, the head of
the ISU immigration workers’ union,
Lucy Moreton, said that there was
a target for net removals, and that
it was broken down by region. But
when asked about this, Williams
denied that it was the case.
independence in 1962. In fact, all those
people who travelled to Britain from
Commonwealth countries from 1948
to 1971 can gain citizenship.
Lammy demanded that the prime
minister apologise personally to
O’Grady. He said his constituent
should receive significant compensation for the years when he was out
of work and unable to access benefits,
and for the trauma he had been put
through. He also called for O’Grady’s
citizenship and passport to be granted
immediately.
Lammy said: “William lived here
since he was a very young child and
worked here for 40 years. The government were happy to take his taxes for
four decades – but then treat him in
this utterly shameful manner without even a second thought.
“He was a citizen when he came
here, so why was he treated like an
illegal immigrant? Modern Britain was
built on the backs of William and the
rest of the Windrush generation and it
is a disgrace that he was stripped of his
rights and treated in this way.
‘How many other
people have been
stripped of their right
pp off
to work, stripped
their right to benefits
and healthcare?’
David Lammy
Labour MP
“How many more Windrush cases
have successive Home Office ministers dismissed? How many other
innocent people have been stripped
of their right to work, stripped of their
right to access benefits and healthcare
or im
imprisoned in their own country? I
asked the home secretary over a week
aske
ago and she still hasn’t told me.”
May told the Commons: “Obviously,
M
individual cases will have different cirindi
cumstances, but the home secretary
cum
will be setting out the compensation
scheme shortly.”
sche
A Home Office spokesman said: “As
the home
h
secretary announced, members
b
ers of the Windrush generation who
arrived in the UK before 1973 and have
arriv
stayed to build a life here will be eligistay
b
le for
f free citizenship.
ble
“
“The offer, which will be available
to pe
people from Commonwealth countries, not just Caribbean nationals,
tries
will extend to individuals who have
no current
c
documentation, those who
already have leave to remain and want
alrea
to ad
advance their status and children of
the Windrush
W
generation.”
As the hearing continued,
Moreton told Sky News she was
“somewhat bemused” at this
answer, and said the target was
8,337. Targets had appeared on
posters in regional centres.
When asked about Moreton’s
later comments, Williams insisted
he was right: “I said earlier on: I
don’t think they do exist. There are
no published removals targets and
there is nothing broken down by
region.” A slightly puzzled Rudd
promised to look into the matter.
4
Who is to blame?
Rudd was somewhat evasive
on this, at times seeming
to accept that there was a wider
issue connected to the so-called
“hostile environment” approach,
but then rejecting the idea that this
had “blurred the lines” between
targeting illicit migrants and those
with the right to be in the UK.
At times she seemed to blame
Home Office officials, saying her
department “needs to have a more
personal approach in terms of
engaging with people”.
But she also implicated previous
governments for not realising
that the undocumented status of
many in the Windrush generation
could cause problems, saying it
was “disappointing no previous
governments saw this coming”.
5
How many people have been
wrongly detained or deported?
We still don’t know. On
removals, Rudd said: “The answer
is [none] as far as we can see at the
moment.” But, she added, this was
not definitive, as checks were still
incomplete.
Asked by the committee chair,
Labour’s Yvette Cooper, how many
people had been wrongly detained,
Rudd said – to Cooper’s apparent
surprise – that no work had yet been
carried out on this. “I have to be
frank, I am prioritising the removals
for now,” she explained.
Peter Walker
Overseas Ex-diplomat reveals
struggle to get baby’s passport
Caroline Davies
A former British high commissioner
whose baby son was initially denied
a British passport after being born
abroad said it demonstrated a Home
Office that defaults to refusal wherever possible.
Arthur Snell, who served as high
commissioner to Trinidad and Tobago
for four years, was left feeling “powerless and nervous in spite of my
privileged position” after his newborn was refused citizenship in 2011.
Snell, who has since left the Foreign
Office, said he was forced to reapply,
and for two months his son was in
effect stateless as he was ineligible
for Trinidadian citizenship.
Snell told the Guardian: “I want to
stress, the inconvenience that I went
through was nothing compared to
what the Guardian has uncovered in
terms of what happened to the Windrush generation, and I wouldn’t want
anyone to think I am trying to equate
my own experience to that.”
But, he said, it illustrated that the
Home Office defaults to refusal wherever possible. “The process by which
you demonstrate you may or may not
have a right to be British is not at all
straightforward, and – I suspect – part
of that is designed to make it difficult
for people.
“The Home Office appears to have
a policy that says you … must prove in
the face of a very, very sceptical and
negative institution that you have this
right. And you can expect the Home
Office to effectively answer in the negative wherever they can.”
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:10 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
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•
10
The government has agreed to wipe
out most of a help-to-buy loan on a
London flat in a block with cladding
similar to that used at Grenfell Tower.
It will make the write-down on
the grounds that the value of the
Greenwich flat has been reduced
from £500,000 to £50,000 because
the developer has no plans to remove
the cladding.
The concession raises the prospect
of multimillion-pound losses for the
government scheme on any flat that
goes into negative equity. Unlike high
Murdered Ellie: report
warns of more deaths
Diane Taylor
Deaths such as that of six-year-old
Ellie Butler, who was murdered by
her father, could happen again unless
child protection failures are corrected,
a report has warned.
The assistant coroner at Ellie’s
inquest, Dame Linda Dobbs, a retired
high court judge, highlighted a series
of failures by the agencies involved in
the girl’s care before she was killed.
These included failures in communication and misunderstandings by
professionals of the appropriate role
of various agencies. “In my opinion
there is a risk that future deaths could
occur unless action is taken,” she wrote
in her report to the government.
Ellie was beaten to death at her
home in Sutton, south London, by her
father, Ben Butler, less than a year after
she was returned to her parents following a custody battle. She had been
placed in the care of her grandparents
as a baby after her father was convicted
of shaking her. The local authority had
circulated a letter exonerating Butler
after that conviction was quashed by
the court of appeal.
Butler was convicted of Ellie’s
murder in June 2016 and jailed for
life with a minimum term of 23 years.
Dobbs’s report comes after the
inquest found this month that Ellie
was unlawfully killed, but that the
authorities’ mistakes had not led to
her death.
That finding prompted Ellie’s grandfather, Neal Gray, whose daughter
Jennie admitted perverting the course
of justice by helping to cover up Ellie’s
▲ Ellie Butler died less than a year
after she was returned to her parents
The Guardian Thursday 26 April 2018
National
Concession on loan for flat
with Grenfell-style cladding
Lisa O’Carroll
cYanmaGentaYellowb
murder, to accuse the authorities of
having “blood on their hands”.
Dobbs said that although guidance
had been drawn up around communication and information sharing
between agencies involved in cases
such as Ellie’s, it was not clear if they
had acted on it. “They should do,” she
said. She criticised shortcomings at
Sutton council – Ellie’s local authority – the children’s court guardian and
the independent social work agency
Services for Children (S4C).
Gray welcomed Dobbs’s report but
lamented that the role of the family
court had not been explored at the
inquest. Dame Justice Hogg exonerated Butler in the family court of
having caused his daughter any harm
and ordered that a letter of exoneration
be circulated to 38 different agencies.
“What went so tragically wrong has
been exposed to the public, which is
what I set out to accomplish,” Gray
said. “The role of the family court in
decisions made or actions taken which
inevitably led to Ellie being placed at
risk of mortal harm was the ‘elephant
in the room’ throughout the inquest.
“I would have liked to have heard
from the judge [Hogg] herself. Even
an informal approach to me by her
such as a letter expressing her condolences to my family would have been
appreciated. That would have been
the humane thing to do.”
Dobbs questioned whether there
were adequate arrangements in
place nationally to provide a suitable
framework for managing roles when
independent social work agencies
were commissioned to carry out work
relating to children’s proceedings.
In evidence, Catherine Harris of
S4C said: “I think, with the benefit
of hindsight, Ellie was let down by
the entire system, and S4C was part
of that system.”
Gray had considered calling for a
public inquiry so that the role of the
family court could be scrutinised, but
has decided against this. “Finally, Ellie
may be laid to rest,” he said. “I still
miss her and think of her every day,
but I think that if important lessons
are learned from this tragedy then her
death may not have been in vain.”
Christine Davies, independent chair
of the Sutton Local Safeguarding Children Board, said: “The main agencies
responsible for children’s welfare have
worked hard to learn the lessons from
Ellie’s death and put in place measures to ensure, as far as possible, such
a tragedy never occurs again.”
street mortgages, help-to-buy loans
can be redeemed on the sale value of
the property, rather than the value of
the original loan.
Homes England, the agency
responsible for the loan, wrote to the
homeowner, Cecile Langevin, last
week to agree that she could pay back
her loan at the knockdown valuation.
She took out a £95,000 loan with the
help-to-buy scheme in 2014 as a 20%
downpayment on the two-bedroom
flat in New Capital Quay, a riverside
development in Greenwich.
When she recently got her flat
revalued, in light of the cladding issue,
she discovered the huge reduction.
The developer and freeholder, Galliard, is locked in a legal dispute over
the cladding and has no immediate
plans to remove it.
Langevin wrote to Homes England
in March to ask if she could pay back
the loan at the current value. In its
response, Home England said it had
“now determined that you may proceed with the redemption of your
help-to-buy equity loan based on the
valuation provided … ie at a market
value of £50,000”.
The letter means Langevin has to
pay back only £10,000 – 20% of the new
valuation – leaving the government
with a £85,000 shortfall on its original
loan.
Homes England declined to
comment on Langevin’s case but
said: “Every case received by
the Homes England mortgage
administration team is considered
on its own merits and will take in to
account the local circumstances of
each building. We will allow redemption of a loan if it is within the rules of
the scheme.”
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:11 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
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•
Thursday 26 April 2018 The Guardian
National
Roma chiefs
condemn
supporters
for attack on
Liverpool fan
Frances Perraudin
A Liverpool fan left fighting for his
life after allegedly being attacked by
Roma supporters before a Champions
League semi-final has been named
as Sean Cox, a father of three from
Ireland.
Cox, a 53-year-old businessman
from Dunboyne in Co Meath, suffered serious head injuries after being
assaulted outside the Albert pub, next
to the Kop end of Liverpool’s Anfield
11
stadium, on Tuesday evening. Merseyside police said two men from Rome,
aged 25 and 26, had been arrested on
suspicion of attempted murder. Witnesses reported that the victim fell to
the ground after being hit with a belt.
Cox’s family have flown to Liverpool
to be with him at Walton Neurological
Centre, where he remains in a critical
condition. Damien O’Reilly, a friend
from home who his also a councillor,
said Cox was heavily involved in the
local community. “Everyone is just in
shock and we are praying for a speedy
recovery,” he said.
It is understood Cox had travelled
to Liverpool with his brother to watch
the game. A GoFundMe page, set up
to raise money for medical bills, had
raised €3,000 (£2,600) yesterday.
The Italian club said in a statement
that it condemned “the abhorrent
behaviour of a minority of travelling fans who brought shame on the
majority of Roma’s well-behaved
supporters”.
The club said it was cooperating with Liverpool FC, Uefa and the
authorities, adding that its thoughts
were with the victim’s family.
Merseyside police confirmed that
nine men in all, aged between 20 and
43, were arrested for various offences
before and after the game, in which
Liverpool beat Roma 5-2.
In a statement, Uefa said it was
“deeply shocked by the vile attack”.
It added: “The perpetrators of this
ignominious attack have no place in
and around football and we trust they
will be dealt with the utmost severity
by the authorities.
“Uefa is waiting to receive full
reports before deciding on potential
disciplinary charges.”
▲ ‘A credible mix of the tentative and the assured’. Samuel West and Romola
Garai in The Writer, written by Ella Hickson PHOTOGRAPH: MANUEL HARLAN
Theatre review Is the stage
still a place for revolution?
The Writer
Almeida theatre, London
★★★★☆
Michael Billington
E
lla Hickson struck gold
with her last play, Oil
(2016), which spanned
150 years of female
history. Her new play
may at first look like
a Pirandellian box of tricks but is
no less ambitious in its attempt
to address the purpose of art, the
nature of gender and the need for
the mythic in a society governed
by fixed, male-determined rules.
It keeps one riveted for two,
uninterrupted hours.
It starts with a meeting between
two figures in a deserted theatre.
The woman (Lara Rossi) is an angry
24-year-old who detests drama’s
conventions and whose ambition
is to “dismantle capitalism and
overturn the patriarchy”; the
man (Samuel West) is a part of the
theatrical establishment governed
by a cautious pragmatism.
Her view of theatre as a sacred
space with a political purpose is met
with amused condescension and a
vain attempt to co-opt her fire and
fury. It sets the tone for much of
what ensues.
But Hickson immediately asks
what we are watching: real people
or characters created by the Writer
(Romola Garai) and manipulated
by the Director (Michael Gould)?
Without giving too much away,
the following four scenes are an
extension of the initial debate.
Garai’s Writer is a fervent idealist
wrestling with the compromises
demanded by her boyfriend and her
director. This leads her into a quest
for a more tribal way of living and a
rejection of the polarised fixities of
gender. But, above all, the play’s big
question is: do we need to discover
new theatrical forms to reflect a
society amid a sexual revolution?
Hickson keeps the ground shifting
under one’s feet. But, while Rossi
questions the power of “old white
guys” to set the rules, I have two
reservations. Hickson portrays the
Writer’s boyfriend and director as
implacable materialists, denying
the possibility of men uniting with
women to overthrow the existing
order. In placing so much stress on
the solitary anguish of the Writer,
Hickson is in danger of endorsing the
privileged despair of the lucky few.
But this is a play about big issues
reinforced by Blanche McIntyre’s
superbly inventive production and
Anna Fleischle’s ingenious design.
Garai as the Writer is a wonderfully
credible mix of the tentative and the
assured. Rossi has blazing intensity
and both West and Gould convey the
male desire for control. In the end
this is a play about a Writer’s desire
to change the world and it leaves us
debating whether theatre itself is a
potential instrument of revolution
or a bastion of the status quo.
Until 26 May. Box office:
020 7359 4404
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:12 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
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•
12
The Guardian Thursday 26 April 2018
News
The age of
Amazon
From a bookstore to billions How
Bezos became world’s richest man
Rupert Neate
I
n 1994, Jeff Bezos held 60
meetings with family members, friends and potential
investors in an attempt to persuade them to invest $50,000
(£35,000) in his revolutionary
idea to create an online bookshop.
He failed to convince 38 of them,
and 24 years later some of them
still cannot bring themselves to talk
about what life might have been like
if they had taken a punt on Bezos
and this “Amazon thing” that the
then 30-year-old hedge fund manager wouldn’t shut up about.
cYanmaGentaYellowb
“I’m in touch with a few of them
now,” Bezos revealed in an on-stage
interview at a charity dinner in
Washington DC last year. “It’s kind of
a study in human nature … Some of
them take it in their stride, and they
recognise that they have ridiculously
happy lives. [But] others just cannot
talk about it – it’s too painful.”
That pain comes from knowing
that they opted out of the chance
to become billionaires. Each of the
22 investors – who included Bezos’s
parents, his younger brother Mark
and sister Christina – were granted
just under 1% of Amazon’s stock on
average. If they held on to all the
shares their stakes could now be
worth up to $7bn each. “That’s just
human nature,” Bezos, now 54, says.
“Some people are just better at rolling with the punches.”
The biggest winners from investing early in Bezos’s idea were his
parents, Mike and Jackie Bezos, who
pumped in $300,000 in return for
6% of the company, which sold its
first book – about artificial intelligence – in July 1995. “It couldn’t happen to two nicer people,” Bezos says
of his parents’ windfall.
They have given away $68m of it
through their Bezos Family Foundation, which focuses on education.
Its mission statement is a Winston
Churchill quote: “What is the use of
living, if it be not to strive for noble
causes and to make this muddled
world a better place for those who
will live in it after we are gone?”
Bezos’s parents have also given
$65m to Seattle’s Fred Hutchinson
Cancer Research Center. Jackie
Bezos, who was 17 and still in high
school when Jeff was born, said the
donation was “the gift of time for all
those people who will benefit from
new treatments and cures. It’s the
gift of more hugs, more graduations
and more moments.” Bezos tweeted:
“My parents rock.”
The biggest winner of all though,
has been Bezos himself. He still owns
16% of Amazon, which in the past
year has made him the richest person in the world with a “net worth”
of $130bn. He has enough wealth to
cut Britain’s budget deficit twice and
still have change. His fortune has
been rising fast, up about 30% since
the start of the year, according to the
Bloomberg Billionaires Index.
Many industry experts reckon
Amazon – which has spread its
tentacles into webhosting, TV production and the high-end grocery
chain Whole Foods – is growing
so fast that it will overtake Apple,
Google (Alphabet) and Microsoft to
become the first trillion-dollar company. Amazon has a market value
of $740bn – at Monday’s share price
– making it 30 times the size of the
UK’s biggest retailer, Tesco.
Bezos has been very, very rich for
a long time, but he has only recently
started to really spend his billions.
In 1999, when he was already worth
well north of $9bn, Bezos and his
wife, MacKenzie, were still living
in the one-bedroom apartment in
Seattle they had rented when they
moved to the city to set up Amazon
five years earlier. That year the couple bought their first big house, a
$10m mansion on Lake Washington.
Today, however, Bezos owns
almost a dozen homes across the
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:13 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
Thursday 26 April 2018 The Guardian
Sent at 25/4/2018 19:58
cYanmaGentaYellowb
•
13
▲ Bezos, eclipsed
by other tech
billionaires
in charitable
giving, last year
sought ideas for
a ‘philanthropy
strategy’
PHOTOGRAPH:
VICTORIA
BONN-MEUSER/ALAMY
US, and is the country’s 25th-largest
landowner, according to the Land
Report, a magazine that tracks US
land ownership.
He owns a string of properties on
Lake Washington; two neighbouring
homes in Beverly Hills, California,
worth $12.9m and $24.4m; four
linked apartments in a landmark
tower on Manhattan’s Central Park
West [worth about $40m]; a former
museum in Washington DC that cost
him $23m and is being converted
into the city’s largest private residence; and a 300,000-acre ranch in
Texas. He also bought the Washington Post for $250m in 2013.
He has made his first tentative
steps into giving away a fraction of
his fortune, but Bezos seriously lags
behind his technology billionaire
contemporaries in philanthropy.
Bezos would still be the world’s
second-richest man if Microsoft
founder Bill Gates had not given
away more than $36bn.
Gates, along with Facebook’s
Mark Zuckerberg, Netflix’s Reed
Hastings and dozens of the world’s
other billionaires have signed up to
the Giving Pledge commitment to
give away at least half of their fortunes. So far, however, Bezos has not
joined up. After being questioned
about his apparent reluctance, he
tweeted a request for ideas for a
“philanthropy strategy”. Last year,
he tweeted to thank his 400,000 followers for their input and promised
“more to come”.
Bezos made his first big donation
earlier this year: a $33m grant to a
scholarship fund for undocumented
immigrants who were brought to
the US as children. TheDream.US
donation will fund scholarships for
1,000 participants of Barack Obama’s Deferred Action for Childhood
Arrival (Daca) programme, who are
often called Dreamers. Undocumented immigrants are ineligible for
federal grants and state aid for tuition in 44 states.
Bezos’s previous biggest donation
was also political: $2.5m to a campaign to defend same-sex marriage
law in Washington state (the state
that includes Seattle) in 2012.
Jennifer Cast, a former Amazon
employee who is a lesbian, emailed
Bezos directly on a Sunday asking
him to please consider donating
between $100,000 and $200,000. “I
want to have the right to marry the
love of my life and to let my children
and grandchildren know their family is honoured like a ‘real’ family,”
Cast told Bezos. “We need help from
straight people. To be very frank,
we need help from wealthy straight
people who care about us and who
want to help us win.”Bezos replied
on the Tuesday: “Jen, this is right for
so many reasons. We’re in for $2.5m.
Jeff & MacKenzie.”
Bezos has not acknowledge the
politics of his Dreamers donation. He
said the gift was in recognition of the
help given to his father, who was one
of 14,000 students who fled to the
US from Cuba in the early 1960s.
Mike – born Miguel – Bezos is
Jeff ’s father and hero, but he is not
his biological parent. Jeff has never
met his birth father, Ted Jorgensen,
whom his mother divorced when
her son was 17 months old. “As far
as I’m concerned ... my dad [Mike
Bezos] is my natural father,” Bezos
told technology magazine Wired in a
Tax player
Haggling – a
strategy for
expansion
David Pegg
1999 interview. “The only time I ever
think about it, genuinely, is when a
doctor asks me to fill out a form.”
His mother married Mike when
Jeff was four years old, and he was
legally adopted.
Jorgensen, a unicyclist and bicycle shop owner, did not know he was
the father of a billionaire until he
was tracked down by the journalist
and author Brad Stone. In research
for The Everything Store, his biography of Bezos, Stone turned up at Jorgensen’s Road Runner Bike Center
shop in Glendale, Arizona in 2013.
“I didn’t know where he was, if
he had a good job or not, or if he was
alive or dead,” Jorgensen told Stone.
Jorgensen died in 2015.
By all accounts, Bezos was gifted
from a very early age. When he was
a toddler he used a screwdriver to
dismantle his cot because he wanted
to sleep in a real bed. His genius at
school is recorded for posterity in a
1977 book Turning On Bright Minds:
A Parent Looks at Gifted Education
in Texas, which profiles a sixthgrade Houston pupil called “Tim”.
Tim, who was enrolled in a gifted
children programme, is described
as reading dozens of books far in
advance of his years and of being
incredibly interested in science.
The author described him as of
general intellectual excellence, but
according to his teachers “not particularly gifted in leadership”. Tim
was revealed in Stone’s book to be a
pseudonym for Jeff Bezos.
While Stone was widely praised
for his portrait of Bezos, one
reviewer on Amazon gave his book
one star (the lowest possible). The
▲ Bezos and his wife MacKenzie were
hedge fund managers when they met
reviewer was MacKenzie Bezos, who
said it was littered with “numerous
factual inaccuracies”.
Bezos met MacKenzie at DE Shaw,
a hedge fund run by computer scientist David Shaw, who is known as
“King Quant” because of the firm’s
pioneering role in high-speed quantitative trading. Until he met MacKenzie, when he interviewed her for
a job at the hedge fund, Bezos had
attempted to apply analytics to finding love. He called it “women flow”
and reckoned he could increase his
chances with women if he took up
ballroom dancing.
In a profile of MacKenzie to promote her novel Traps, she told Vogue
that it was she who had chased
Bezos and not the other way round.
Within three months, they were
engaged and after another three
months they married. Shortly afterwards Bezos described his idea for
selling books over the internet, and
while admitting she had “no business sense whatsoever” she could
see “how excited he was” and agreed
they should leave New York for Seattle to explore his idea. Seattle was
chosen because it was close to a big
book distributor and Washington
state’s advantages as a sales point.
Bezos told Vogue his wife was
“resourceful, smart, brainy, and hot,
but I had the good fortune of having
seen her résumé before I met her, so
I knew exactly what her SATs [high
school exam results] were”. The
couple have four children.
At high school near Miami, Bezos
decided he wanted to go into space
when he grew up. But, his ambition was not to be an astronaut; he
wanted to colonise space.
“The whole idea is to preserve
the Earth,” he told the Miami Herald
newspaper in 1982, the year he graduated from high school. “The goal
was to be able to evacuate humans.
The planet would become a park.”
Recently a Bezos-owned rocket
sent a dummy named Mannequin
Skywalker into orbit and the his Blue
Origin space tourism and exploration company is planning to send its
first customers – including Bezos –
into space next year.
No other prospective passengers
have yet been named, but Bezos has
extended an invitation to Trump,
tweeting that he would “reserve
him a seat on the rocket”, adding
“#sendDonaldtospace”.
▲ Jeff Bezos
is adding this
former museum
in Washington
DC, bought for
$23m, to his
portfolio of
luxury homes
PHOTOGRAPH:
RICKY CARIOTI/
GETTY IMAGES
‘I had the
good fortune
of having
seen her
résumé
before I met
her, so I knew
exactly what
her SAT
scores were’
Bezos on his
future wife
W
hen Jeff Bezos
was looking for
a home for his
fledgling online
bookseller,
amazon.com, in
1994, his first choice is said to have
been a Native American reservation.
The location would have presented
generous tax breaks if the state of
California had not halted the plan.
Next stop was Seattle, selected
because of Washington state’s small
population. At the time, mail-order
retailers would pay sales tax only in
the state where they had a physical
presence, such as a shop or a warehouse. A home state with a small
population meant only a small number of its orders would be subject to
tax – sales made into more populous
states, such as California or New
York, would be tax-free.
It was a strategic decision that
would characterise Amazon’s attitude towards paying tax over the
next two decades. Its critics allege
that it owes its position as the
world’s largest online retailer in part
to its use of contrived and artificial
tax arrangements that – while legal
– endow it with competitive advantages no bricks-and-mortar retailer
could ever hope to enjoy.
The company deployed the strategy in Luxembourg, the tiny European country that became, in the
words of the Tax Justice Network,
“the Death Star of financial secrecy”
in a national bid to attract capital
through tax competition.
The architect of that transformation, Jean-Claude Juncker, later
became president of the European
commission and, in an atmosphere
of increasing anger about tax avoidance, has been dogged by questions
about his suitability for the post.
Amazon first arrived in Luxembourg in 2003 and within a few
months secured a confidential
agreement with the country’s tax
authorities. Bob Comfort, Amazon’s head of tax, would later tell
the Luxembourgish newspaper
d’Lëtzebuerger Land that Juncker
had personally offered to help
Amazon. “His message was simply:
‘If you encounter problems which
you don’t seem to be able to resolve,
please come back and tell me. I’ll
try to help.’” Comfort was later
appointed Luxembourg’s “honorary
consul to Seattle”, the location of
Amazon’s US headquarters.
Fast-forward a decade and
Amazon would find itself in the
crosshairs of Europe’s competition
commissioner, Margrethe Vestager,
Continued on next page
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:14 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
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•
14
cYanmaGentaYellowb
The Guardian Thursday 26 April 2018
News
The age of
Amazon
Tomorrow
Continued from previous page
Amazon set
to announce
a 40% leap in
sales in the
most recent
three months
best known for her ruling that Apple
enjoyed €13bn (£11bn) of illegal
state aid from Ireland in the form
of preferential tax treatment. Her
investigation into Amazon would
focus on the nature of its secret deal
with Luxembourg. But the details of
that deal would be revealed not as a
result of her inquiry, but by a parallel
investigation by the Internal Revenue Service in the US.
The tax strategy, internally codenamed Project Goldcrest after the
national bird of Luxembourg, was
fundamental to Amazon’s plan to
put the duchy at the heart of its
European business. Though complex, at its core the scheme involved
the following interplay between
entities in Luxembourg and the US:
• Amazon Europe Holding
Technologies SCS (AEHT) would
own the legal right to use Amazon’s
intellectual property, or IP,
outside the US. Because it had
the legal status of a “non-resident
partnership”, any money it received
from other Amazon entities in
exchange for the right to use that IP
would be tax-free.
• Amazon EU Sarl, which operates
Amazon’s European businesses,
would pay AEHT hundreds of
millions of euros in “royalty fees” for
that IP each year. Those costs would
be offset against its own tax bill.
• AEHT would pay Amazon’s US
business its own royalty fees for the
right to license out that IP in Europe.
While EU regulators argued that
the royalties between the two
Luxembourg companies were too
high, US regulators said the royalties
paid back to Amazon’s US headquar-
In numbers
3
Number of Amazon entities in the US
and Luxembourg linked by a tax-free
network of royalties and rights fees
€250m
Sum the EU ordered Amazon to repay
in 2017 in ‘illegal tax advantages’
following its investigation of the firm
$5bn
Value of tax incentives Maryland has
offered Amazon to attract the retailer
to set up its new US base in the state
ters were too low. The net effect of
the baroque Project Goldcrest was to
reduce Amazon’s taxes everywhere.
Last year the EU ordered Amazon
to repay €250m in “illegal tax advantages” following its investigation,
and last month the European commission proposed a new 3% “digital
tax” on the revenues (rather than
profits) of large technology companies – to prevent them avoiding taxes
by shifting profits around the globe.
In the UK, campaigners have long
held suspicions that HM Revenue
and Customs (HMRC) selects which
taxpayers to pursue for alleged
underpayment according to political
expediency. HMRC has always
denied these claims and says it
treats all taxpayers equally.
Those allegations were made
substantially more credible two
months ago, when a VAT campaigner
released a covert recording of his
off-the-record conversation with an
HMRC official in a pub; the subject
of their discussion: Amazon. “I’ve
heard from the Treasury; the Treasury didn’t want us to be too hard on
Amazon,” the official said, before
adding “but I think that was ‘yet’”.
HMRC did not respond to the specifics of the recording, but reiterated
that it “has not been told to be soft
on multinationals and no taxpayer
gets preferential treatment”.
More recently, Donald Trump
has repeatedly accused Amazon of
underpayment of taxes – although
the US president has previously
bragged that paying little to no tax
made him “smart”, and his grudge
against the company is likely to be
partly motivated by his hatred of
the Bezos-owned Washington Post.
But one focus of Trump’s attacks,
an arrangement between Amazon
and the United States Postal Service, which the president alleges is
unfairly generous, is emblematic of
the company’s strategy of haggling
with public authorities.
Amazon is inviting US cities to
outbid each other to host its “second
headquarters”, promising 50,000
jobs and $5bn (£3.6bn) of investment
to the winner. Maryland offered
$5bn of tax incentives – matching the
pledged investment – for the company to opt for Montgomery County,
while California offered between
$300m and $1bn of breaks. New
Jersey even promised $7bn of tax
incentives – $2bn more than Amazon’s maximum investment.
Whichever city wins, it seems
likely tax will influence its decisionmaking: the firm’s criteria for bidders specifically cites “a stable and
business-friendly environment and
tax structure” as a high priority.
▲ Jeff Bezos at Amazon’s Seattle headquarters. US states are bidding
with incentives to attract the firm PHOTOGRAPH: LINDSEY WASSON/REUTERS
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:15 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 25/4/2018 19:39
cYanmaGentaYellowb
•
Thursday 26 April 2018 The Guardian
National
Director cleared over
deaths of four men
on Cheeki Rafiki
Steven Morris
A jury has expressed grave concerns over the regulations governing
ocean-going yachts after it cleared
the director of a sailing management
company of the manslaughter of four
sailors who died when the Cheeki
Rafiki sank mid-Atlantic.
Relatives of the four, all experienced sailors, wept when Douglas
Innes was found not guilty of the men’s
manslaughter. Innes, from Southampton, and Stormforce Coaching are to
be sentenced next month after being
convicted at a previous trial of failing
to operate the yacht in a safe manner
contrary to the Merchant Shipping Act.
Unusually, after clearing Innes, the
jury yesterday handed a note to the
judge, Douglas Field, that said: “We
are deeply concerned by the evidence
we have heard about the regulations
involved in this case. Pleasure and
commercial regulations need to be
clarified.” Winchester crown court was
told there was confusion over the regulations and certain inspections did not
involve structural surveys and could
be carried out by people who are not
qualified surveyors.
The head of the Maritime and Coastguard Agency (MCA), Sir Alan Massey,
said it would “look at regulations”
15
questioned by jurors. He said: “The
sea can be an extremely hostile place
and you must make sure your vessel
is properly maintained. [The jury]
made recommendations and we will
follow them up. If we need to review or
amend any regulations we will.”
What is known of the last hours of
Cheeki Rafiki and its crew has been
set out during two trials at Winchester
crown court and in a marine accident
investigation branch (MAIB) report.
The yacht – named after a character in The Lion King – took part in a
cross-Atlantic ocean race in December 2013 and then competed in Antigua
Sailing Week in April 2014. It set sail
for its base port of Southampton on
4 May 2014. On board were skipper
Andrew Bridge, 22, from Farnham
in Surrey, and mate James Male, 23,
Sir Alan Massey
MCA
of Southampton. Both were working
for the yacht’s management company,
Stormforce Coaching.
The crew members were amateur
sailors Steve Warren, 52, and Paul
Goslin, 56, friends from Somerset for
whom the voyage was a dream trip.
Their crossing was due to take 30
days. At first progress was hampered
by light winds but the waves picked
up. On 14 May, Bridge emailed base the
vessel had “hit a big wave hard”. The
next day it was being struck by waves
almost 5m high and force seven winds.
It was 1,000 miles off the US coast.
On 23 May, a navy helicopter found
an upturned hull, identified it as
Cheeki Rafiki and confirmed that its
life raft was still on board. The men’s
bodies were not found.
During the trials, the prosecution
alleged the sailors died after Innes, 43,
had neglected the “unsafe” vessel for
several years by failing to maintain it.
At the end of the first trial, he was
found guilty of failing to ensure the
safety of Cheeki Rafiki but the jury
failed to reach verdicts on the manslaughter charges. A retrial was
ordered on those charges.
police and 21 students were permanently excluded for drug possession.
Zoe Carre, policy researcher at
Release, said: “We are deeply concerned about the punitive approach
taken towards student drug use in
some institutions.
“The fact that at least 21 students
were permanently excluded from their
studies for simply possessing a drug,
and one in four students caught with
drugs for personal use were reported
to the police, is archaic and harmful.
This type of approach prevents people
from seeking support if they need it.”
Carre went on: “The reality is that
students take drugs and educational
institutions must have policies and
procedures in place that protect the
student population. This can only be
done by providing vital harm reduction information.”
The study, which surveyed almost
3,000 UK-based students, found
that drug use was common, though
infrequent. Almost six out of 10
respondents (56%) reported having
used drugs at some point. Most said
they used drugs occasionally (23%).
Cannabis was the most popular
narcotic, having been used by 94%
of respondents who had used drugs.
Ecstasy/MDMA (67%) was the second
most commonly used drug.
The report highlights the complex
reasons for drug use. Almost a third of
respondents who had used drugs said
they had done so to deal with stress,
and 22% were self-medicating for an
existing mental health problem.
‘If we need to review
or amend any
regulations we will‘
Company …
at ease!
Soldiers from
Catterick
Garrison after
marching
through
Richmond,
North
Yorkshire. The
garrison was
awarded the
freedom of the
town on the
centenary of
the end of the
first world war.
PHOTOGRAPH:
OWEN HUMPHREYS/PA
Report condemns overly harsh
handling of student drug takers
Sally Weale
Education correspondent
Universities are being urged not to
report students caught in possession
of drugs to police, amid fears that an
overly punitive approach is preventing
vulnerable young people from seeking help.
The recommendation is made in a
new study by the National Union of
Students in collaboration with the
drug information charity Release,
which looks at drug use among students and how higher education
institutions deal with drug incidents.
The report, published today,
expresses concern about an “archaic
and harmful” approach towards drug
use at some institutions. Freedom of
information requests to 151 institutions found that in 2016/17 there were
at least 2,067 recorded incidents of student misconduct for possession.
While many were resolved with a
formal warning or fine, at least one in
four incidents were reported to the
Free schools
policy under
further fire as
two more close
Sally Weale
Education correspondent
The government’s free schools policy
has come under renewed fire after it
emerged another of its pioneering studio schools is to close this summer.
Plymouth studio school will be
the 19th to shut since the policy was
introduced in 2010, according to the
National Education Union. This week
it also emerged that the Isle of Wight
studio school will close next summer
due to lack of demand.
The NEU said 66 new schools
launched under the high-profile policy
have either closed, have plans to do so
or failed to open at all, at an estimated
cost of almost £150m in start-up costs
and capital funding. Free schools,
which include studio schools and university technical colleges, are funded
by the government, are free of local
authority control and have greater
control over how they operate.
“The government should hang its
head in shame at this monumental
waste of taxpayers’ money at a time
when schools are severely underfunded,” NEU joint general secretary
Mary Bousted said.
UTCs and studio schools were established as a more technical/vocational
alternative for 14- to 19-year-olds,
but have struggled to recruit enough
pupils and many of the new start-ups
have been beset by problems. “Parents
do not want to remove their children
from secondary school at age 14 to
attend a studio school,” said Bousted.
Plymouth studio school was set up
to train the sports stars of the future.
As well as classrooms and laboratories, the new £4.2m building – opened
by the school standards minister, Nick
Gibb – contains a gym containing the
latest fitness equipment including a
virtual reality “brain training” NeuroTracker device, which is intended to
boost concentration.
There are 155 pupils on roll, half the
number the school was built to accommodate. Ofsted is expected to brand it
“inadequate” after a recent inspection.
Malcolm Trobe, deputy general secretary of the Association of School and
College Leaders, said the idea behind
studio schools was good. “However,
they need to be part of a coordinated
local plan for school places and curriculum provision which is based upon
local needs and ensures that any new
school is sustainable.”
66
Free schools have closed or are
earmarked to do so, according to
the National Education Union
£150m
The estimated cost to the taxpayer
to date of closing the government’s
flagship policy schools
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:16 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 24/4/2018 12:27
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Section:GDN 1N PaGe:17 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 25/4/2018 19:29
cYanmaGentaYellowb
•
Thursday 26 April 2018 The Guardian
National
17
▼ The ‘unwomen’ find themselves
brutalised by Gilead’s disciplinarians
PHOTOGRAPH: GEORGE KRAYCHYK/HULU
TV review
Intensely
menacing,
but utterly
compelling
The Handmaid’s Tale:
season two
★★★★☆
A series that inspired women
to take to the streets dressed
in cloaks to protest against
Trump has returned – and
this time it is even more
shocking, says Jake Nevins
A
fter its formidable
first season debuted
last spring, the smallscreen adaptation of
Margaret Atwood’s
The Handmaid’s Tale
rode a wave of timely, Trump-era
resonance all the way to Emmy
awards glory, securing victories
for best drama, directing and
writing, as well as most of the acting
awards. That a series as grim and
unforgiving as this could pull off an
awards-season sweep spoke to how
felicitous its timing was, premiering
as the new Trump administration
was kicking into high gear.
The resistance, too, was beginning
to crystallise, and the image of
handmaids in blood-red robes and
white bonnets became totemic, a
kind of pop-political call to arms. At
anti-Trump demonstrations women
sported the shapeless handmaid’s
cloak, suggesting “wokeness” or
political dissent.
In Gilead, though, the theocratic
hellscape that was once the United
States, such displays of female
solidarity are fraught with peril,
resulting in untold zaps from a cattle
prod, brutal torture or hanging. For
Elisabeth Moss’s June, who at the
end of season one defiantly refused
to stone a fellow handmaid, it meant
a ride in the back of a black van. We
didn’t know where it was headed –
Atwood’s classic novel ends at the
same mysterious juncture, with the
line “into the darkness within; or
else the light” – but the purposeful
ambiguity paved any number of
roads for the show’s second season.
We find out what happened in the
opening sequence to the haunting
tune of Kate Bush’s This Woman’s
Work; the scene lasts an excruciating
eight minutes, which felt more like
the length of an entire episode. But,
it prepares you psychologically for
what follows, which is gloomier and
more frightening than season one.
For most women living in Gilead –
where female fertility has become a
nationalised resource, handmaids
are systematically raped by their
commanders and “unwomen” are
sent to clean up nuclear waste in the
“colonies” – their prospects of
salvation have never been lower,
‘The scene prepares
you for what follows,
which is gloomier
and more frightening
than season one’
ART. BRING YOUR HOME TO LIFE.
10 – 13 MAY 2018 Hampstead Heath, London
Book tickets and browse art: affordableartfair.com
which makes for an utterly joyless
viewing experience. It’s unrelenting
in its presentation of familiar spaces,
such as baseball fields or a rundown
school gym, as sites of torture.
Those sites are often shot
aerially, referencing the “eye”
under which the handmaids live.
As it did in season one, so skillfully
directed by the since-departed
Reed Morano, the show emphasises
monochromatic colouring, sharp
angles and visual order. It also
seems that the showrunner Bruce
Miller has doubled down on what
Susan Sontag, in an essay on the
director Leni Riefenstahl, once
called the “fascist aesthetic”, in
which “the relations of domination
and enslavement take the form
of a characteristic pageantry”.
In the scenes in the colonies the
“unwomen” are brutalised by
Gileadean disciplinarians in chem
suits and gas masks, calling to mind
the post-apocalyptic horror of
George Romero’s The Crazies.
By showing us the colonies,
which were alluded to in season one,
the show has expanded its scope.
There, Alexis Bledel’s Emily, who
was subjected to a clitoridectomy in
season one, spends her days digging
through radioactive waste. Bledel
is once again brilliant, as is Marisa
Tomei and Ann Dowd’s Aunt Lydia.
The show is never better than
when it’s focused on June, known to
her captors as Offred, who starts the
season on the run from Commander
Waterford (Joseph Fiennes). Having
exhausted Atwood’s source material
(although the author was consulted
on season two), The Handmaid’s
Tale is now a broader, more
menacing and less hamstrung show,
bringing into the fold Gilead’s many
other mechanisms of tyranny. We
also see how Gilead came to be, but
these sequences are less successful,
reading almost like clarion calls to
today’s resistance.
What is most striking is the way
it’s both intensely unenjoyable but
unquestionably worthwhile, an
artistic achievement that reinvents
what it means to hate-watch.
The Handmaid’s Tale will return to
Channel 4 in the UK later this year
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:18 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 25/4/2018 20:01
•
18
Starmer: May
putting party
over country
on Brexit deal
Heather Stewart
Political editor
The shadow Brexit secretary has
accused the prime minister of putting party management before the
national interest, as MPs seek to step
up pressure on the government over
a customs union.
Keir Starmer said yesterday: “Over
the past few weeks it has become
abundantly clear that Theresa May is
unwilling and unable to put the country’s interests first during the Brexit
negotiations. She has wasted 12 weeks
of the Brexit negotiations delaying a
Commons’ vote on the UK negotiating a customs union with the EU for
fear of a defeat.”
May has delayed contentious votes
over amendments to two Brexit bills,
aimed at forcing the issue of a customs
union. But after the House of Lords
overwhelmingly backed a pro-customs union amendment to the Brexit
cYanmaGentaYellowb
The Guardian Thursday 26 April 2018
National
bill last week, 10 select committee
chairs, including the Conservative MPs
Nicky Morgan and Sarah Wollaston,
have triggered a backbench debate on
the issue this afternoon.
Backbench debates do not always
result in a vote – though Labour may
try to force one – and any resolution
would be non-binding. But backers of
a customs union hope it will demonstrate the level of support for the cause
in parliament.
Starmer, speaking in advance of the
debate, added: “The prime minister is
now solely focused on internal party
management and masking the divisions within her government. Above
all, it shows we have a prime minister
governing for narrow party interest,
not the national interest.”
Yesterday the leader of the House of
Commons, Andrea Leadsom, became
the latest senior minister to reject the
idea of remaining in a customs union,
calling the idea “ludicrous”. A customs
union with the EU would help to minimise border checks (though diverging
from EU rules would be likely to result
in some checks being imposed). But it
would prevent Britain from being able
to sign independent trade deals.
Earlier, David Davis said he would
consider it a failure if the UK was
forced to extend its membership of
the EU customs union, amid mounting concern among MPs that time is
running out for negotiations on alternative solutions.
Sketch
John Crace
‘Release the Fox!’ said David
Davis, and even the Brexiters
knew it was time to worry
I
n November 2002 David
Davis spoke in the Commons
about why he didn’t think
referendums were necessarily
a good idea. “We should not
ask people to vote on a blank
sheet of paper and tell them to trust
us to fill in the details,” he warned.
With good reason. Because the
person the country might be relying
on for that information could
be him.
Detail and Davis are barely on
nodding terms. Partly because
leaving the EU is more complicated
than he expected, but mainly
because he is out of his depth. Davis
has yet to be asked any question, no
matter how straightforward, that
doesn’t take him by surprise.
The Brexit secretary has also yet
to attend a meeting for which he is
fully prepared. At the start of his
latest outing to update the Brexit
select committee on his lack of
progress, Davis spent the best part
of 10 minutes explaining why he had
to get away early, as he had another
meeting that he was already late
for. As this was the same excuse
he had used at his last appearance,
everyone on the committee was
underwhelmed. “I’m very busy,”
Davis explained. Busy being busy
with busy things. And always at
least one meeting behind himself.
As it turned out, the committee
had more than enough time to
explore the depths of Davis’s
knowledge. Largely because he
knows so little. On almost every
question the Brexit secretary’s stock
answer is one of definite vagueness.
Hilary Benn, chair of the exiting
the EU committee, began by asking
how, having spent the past 22
months achieving next to nothing,
the government could be sure of
reaching an agreement on Ireland in
the next couple of months. Because
he could, Davis insisted. And if he
couldn’t, something would probably
be sorted out later.
So it went on. There might or
might not be a deal. Parliament
might or might not be able to ask
the government to renegotiate with
the EU. He was making tremendous
progress but was unable to list any
achievements. He didn’t know
if there would be time for the
Office for Budget Responsibility to
calculate the economic impact of
any deal, but it didn’t matter anyway
because he would be providing his
own assessments, which might or
might not exist.
Normally, the Brexit enthusiasts
on the committee can be relied
upon to come to Davis’s rescue by
asking him simple questions and
congratulating him profusely for his
failure to answer. But even they are
now beginning to look worried that
his air of stupidity may not be an act.
When Davis said the real benefit
of leaving the customs union was
“releasing Liam to sign trade deals”,
several members ran out of the
room sobbing. When the country’s
future depends on Liam Fox, even
the Brexiters know we’re screwed.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:19 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 25/4/2018 16:12
cYanmaGentaYellowb
•
Thursday 26 April 2018 The Guardian
National
Crime
19
‘Anything could
happen. Anyone
could get shot up.
That’s the mentality
now. I’ve given myself
a curfew of 7pm’
Anonymous youth
Wood Green
A shrine to
Kelvin Odunuyi,
19 (top). Tanesha
Melbourne-Blake,
17 (centre), and
Kwabena
Nelson, 22
PHOTOGRAPH: MARTIN
GODWIN/ GUARDIAN
London murders Bravado belies terror
on the streets riven by gang warfare
Ian Cobain
L
ordship Lane is a road
that plods from east
to west across north
London, past shops and
pubs, terraced houses
and small blocks of
flats: an unremarkable and slightly
humdrum thoroughfare.
Today, at one end of the road, in
the shadow of the cranes raising
Tottenham Hotspur’s new £800m
glass and steel stadium, is a shrine to
Kwabena Nelson, a 22-year-old who
was known to his friends as Kobi.
Lined up against the railings are
photographs of Kobi, bunches of
flowers, empty bottles of cherry
wine and candles. A white bed sheet
scrawled with messages – “fly boy
Kobi we love you” – is tied to the
railings along with a pair of blue and
gold striped school ties.
A few hundred metres away,
alongside a wall at the side of the
Washeteria Laundromat, is a second,
almost identical shrine, this one
to Tanesha Melbourne-Blake, a
17-year-old girl. There are the same
flowers, candles, empty bottles
and messages – “we love you to the
moon and back” – and a handful of
pink and red balloons.
At the other end of Lordship
Lane, outside the Vue cinema in
Wood Green, is yet another shrine,
to Kelvin Odunuyi, 19, known
as Lampz. Again, there are the
flowers, the bottles and candles, the
handwritten messages: “Rest up
brother.”
The road is only 2 miles long. You
can walk it in half an hour. A couple
of teenagers on a scooter can travel
its length in five minutes.
Some of the young men and boys
living at either end are locked in an
increasingly vicious gang war, one
that may have cost lives and resulted
in countless stabbings and beatings.
It is a fight that is both fuelled and
coordinated by social media, as
the antagonists struggle to protect
their reputations, and those of their
friends and neighbourhoods.
In a way that is bewildering to
outsiders, the young men’s conflict
is focused on the postcodes in which
they live – N17 in Tottenham and
N22 in Wood Green – as they attempt
to control the one place to which
they can lay claim: the streets. The
dispute has simmered for years,
possibly originating in turf wars over
the drug economy.
It is not known whether the
Nelson case was part of the feud. A
20-year-old from Wood Green has
been charged with his murder.
Odunuyi had appeared in a
number of well-produced videos,
which were posted on YouTube,
in which he and his friends rapped
about stabbing and shooting their
“ops” – opponents – from outside
“the Wood”.
For their part, members of the
gang that is centred on the Northumberland Park estate in Tottenham,
who call themselves the Park Lane
Boys or NPK – the Northumberland
Park Killers – have also posted videos
on YouTube that suggest an obsession with stabbing and shooting.
On 8 March, Odunuyi was
watching a film at the Vue cinema.
According to his friends, either he or
somebody who was with him posted
a message on social media that
betrayed his whereabouts.
As he walked towards the exit
a scooter mounted the pavement
outside and a masked gunman
opened fire through a window.
Odunuyi tried to run away but the
gunman fired again, with one round
passing through the door frame and
hitting him in the head.
Later that day, youths thought to
be from Wood Green attacked and
stabbed a student during a brawl
outside Haringey sixth-form college
in Tottenham.
At the end of the month, a group
of boys from Northumberland Park
filmed themselves attacking and
robbing a man from Wood Green at
a restaurant in central London, after
accusing him of “dissing” Nelson.
The film was posted online. Two
days later, Melbourne-Blake and
Postcode rivalries
North Circular
Road
Wood
Green
Tottenham
N22
Shrine to
Kelvin Odunuyi
0.5 km
0.5 miles
Northumberland
Park estate
White Hart
Lane station
Wood Green
station
Vue Cinema
Tottenham Hotspur
football ground
A10
N17
Lordship
Lane
Shrine to Tanesha
Melbourne-Blake
Shrine to
Kwabena
Nelson
a group of friends were chatting
in the street on the edge of the
Northumberland Park estate. A car
drove slowly by and an occupant
opened fire, killing the trainee
hairdresser.
Since then, Northumberland
Park has become deserted, as many
young people stay indoors. “You can
really feel the tension, can’t you?”
said one young man. “It was bad
enough being from here – tell people
your postcode is N17 and you can’t
get a job, you can’t get a loan – but
now it’s going to get even worse.
People will think we’re all gangsters
and drug dealers.”
At the shrine to Melbourne-Blake,
a middle-aged man appeared with
his teenage son. “That’s what I
wanted you to see,” he said, pointing
at the wreaths. “That could have
been you if you’d been standing
there. You’re going to stay off the
street, yeah?” The boy nodded.
At the other end of Lordship Lane,
boys hanging around outside the
McDonald’s next to the Vue cinema
were visibly nervous. They spoke
of gang members from N17 jumping
out of a car and chasing youths while
wielding samurai swords, and of
a car mounting the pavement and
driving at people.
“Anything could happen at any
time,” said one. “Anyone can get it
now, anyone. Anyone could get shot
up any time, that’s the mentality
now. All people have to do is go
into the kitchen and get a knife, it’s
so easy. I’ve given myself a seven
o’clock curfew.” A couple of teenage
girls walking past shouted over. “Go
home,” they said.
There were complaints about
how the Sun newspaper had offered
a £50,000 reward for information
leading to the conviction of
Melbourne-Blake’s killer, but had
not done the same for Odunuyi.
“That’s dissin’ Lampz.”
They spoke of the gang war with
an argot that was rich and complex.
One, a 17-year-old, identified himself
as SJ. “I’m not going to give you my
government [real name].” He and
his friends talked of “G-checking”
strangers, to find out where they
were from, of “Sids” – plain clothes
police – stopping and searching
them; of “civilians” – non-gang
members – not being in danger.
Behind the bluster, however, was
real fear. A young man they had not
seen before rode his bike along the
pavement, and they all stiffened.
“Who’s that?”
Time and again, their eyes were
drawn to the small steel panel
riveted over the bullet hole on the
frame of the cinema door, and then
to the carpet beyond, where there is
a long, dark stain.
“It is what it is,” said one. “I guess
life goes on, innit?”
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:20 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 25/4/2018 19:32
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•
The Guardian Thursday 26 April 2018
In brief
Pollination
stations
Auricula
flowers on
display prior to
the Harrogate
Spring Flower
Show, which
runs from
today to
Sunday and
is expected to
attract over
50,000 visitors
Crime
Raids shut down site
linked to cyber-attacks
A website linked to more than 4m
cyber-attacks including against
some of Britain’s biggest banks, has
been shut down following a UKNetherlands operation.
Webstresser.org had 136,000
registered users and could be
rented for £10 to launch distributed
denial of service attacks in which
high volumes of internet traffic are
launched at firms to disable them.
Following an investigation led by
the National Crime Agency and the
Dutch national police, servers were
seized yesterday in the Netherlands,
the US and Germany. Suspected
members of the group were arrested
on Tuesday in Scotland, Croatia,
Canada and Serbia, the NCA said.
NCA officers also raided a
property in Bradford, where it
believed a suspect linked to the
address used the Webstresser
service to target seven of the
UK’s biggest banks in attacks in
November. The banks were forced
to reduce their operations or shut
down entire systems, incurring costs
in the hundreds of thousands.
Jo Goodall, senior investigating
officer at the NCA, said: “The arrests
show that the internet does not
provide bulletproof anonymity to
offenders and we expect to identify
further suspects linked to the site.”
Jamie Grierson
PHOTOGRAPH:
IAN FORSYTH/GETTY
Salford fire
Mother comes out of
coma to hear of deaths
A severely injured mother who lost
four of her children in a suspected
arson attack in December has only
recently recovered enough to be told
of their deaths, police have said.
Michelle Pearson, 36, remains
in intensive care and has been in
an induced coma after the targeted
attack on their family home in
Walkden, Salford, at 5am on
11 December.
DCI Lewis Hughes of Greater
Manchester police said yesterday
that Pearson’s burns were so severe
she had only in the last fortnight
been able to learn that four of her
children had died.
Three people are due to stand
trial next week for the murders
of Demi Pearson, 15, her brother
Brandon, eight, and sisters Lacie,
seven, and Lia, three. Their 16-yearold brother and a friend escaped
unhurt by climbing out of a window.
The children’s funerals are expected
to take place in the summer.
Zak Bolland, 23, his girlfriend
Courtney Brierley, 20, and David
Worrall, 25, have been charged
jointly with four counts of murder,
three counts of attempted murder
and one of arson with intent to
endanger life. Their trial is due to
begin next week at Manchester
crown court. Josh Halliday
Courts
Two men will die in jail
for woman’s murder
Two men, who met in prison while
serving time for previous murders,
have been sentenced to spend
the rest of their lives in jail for the
torture and murder of a woman.
Stephen Unwin, 40, and William
McFall, 51, attacked Quyen Ngoc
Nguyen, a 28-year-old Vietnamese
nail technician, at Unwin’s home
near Sunderland last August.
The pair tortured her to get her
bank pin numbers, before Unwin
raped her. They then dumped her
body in a car and set it alight while
she was still alive.
Reading a victim impact
statement to Newcastle crown
court, the victim’s sister, Quynh
Ngoc Nguyen, 35, questioned how
the men could have been freed from
prison after their previous crimes.
“We cannot comprehend how
men like this can live freely in
this country,” she said. “My sister
believed, as I did, that you came
to this country for a safer life, with
better opportunities for herself and
her children.” Frances Perraudin
Crime
Bomb detector conman
has sentence increased
A conman jailed for selling fake
bomb detectors to war-torn
countries has had more than two
years added to his prison sentence
after failing to pay back £1.8m.
James McCormick sold the
useless devices – based on a novelty
£13 golf ball finder – to customers in
Iraq, Niger and Bahrain. The jury in
his trial heard how he made millions
of pounds from selling three
different models of the device.
He was jailed for 10 years after
his trial at the Old Bailey in 2013 and
later ordered to pay back about £8m.
That included £4m from the
sale of a house in Bath, a £345,000
Sunseeker motorcruiser and a
family home in Somerset.
But a shortfall remained and
McCormick, who was due to be
released from prison soon, was told
he must serve a default additional
sentence of 842 days after refusing
to meet the bill at a hearing at
North Somerset magistrates court
yesterday. Kevin Rawlinson
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:21 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
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•
Thursday 26 April 2018 The Guardian
National
21
▼ ‘It’s quite extraordinary’ … the
only recorded palimpsest of a Qur’an
copied on to an ancient Christian text
Biblical text
found behind
manuscript
of Qur’an
Alison Flood
An eagle-eyed scholar has identified
the shadowy outlines of passages from
the Bible behind an eighth-century
manuscript of the Qur’an – the only
recorded palimpsest in which a Christian text has been effaced to make way
for the Islamic holy text.
The French scholar Éléonore Cellard was looking for images of a
palimpsest page sold a decade earlier
by Christie’s when she came across
the auction house’s latest catalogue,
which included fragments from a
manuscript of the Qur’an that Christie’s had dated to the eighth century,
or the second century of Islam.
Scrutinising the image, she noticed
that appearing faintly behind the Arabic script were Coptic letters. She
contacted Christie’s and they managed
to identify the Coptic text as coming
from the Book of Deuteronomy – part
of the Torah and the Christian Old
Testament. “This is a very important
discovery for the history of the Qur’an
and early Islam. We have here a witness of cultural interactions between
different religious communities,” said
Cellard, of the Collège de France.
“It’s quite extraordinary,” said
Christie’s specialist Romain Pingannaud. “Once you know it’s there, you
can only see it, it becomes so obvious.
£80,000
The lower end of Christie’s guide
price for the palimpsest fragments
We missed it at the beginning. It’s fascinating, particularly because it’s the
only example where you have an Arabic text on top of a non-Arabic text.
“And what’s even more fascinating is it is on top of passages from the
Old Testament … It shows the contact
between communities in the first centuries of Islam; it’s very relevant.”
Christie’s, which is offering the fragments for auction with a guide price
of £80,000-£120,000 today, believes
the manuscript is likely to have been
produced by the Coptic community in
Egypt at the time of the Arab conquest.
It said the fragments “resonate with
the historical reality of religious communities in the near east and as such
are an invaluable survival from the
earliest centuries of Islam”.
While the writing style of the Qur’an
scribe dates it to around the eighth or
early ninth century, it is not possible
to identify how much older the ghostly
Coptic writing is, although the formation of the letters means it is unlikely to
have been written before the seventh
century. “Carbon-14 testing would
date only the material, not the writing, but it’s quite destructive and these
folios are too thin,” said Pingannaud.
Qur’anic palimpsests are “extremely
rare”, according to Christie’s, with only
a handful previously recorded, none
of which were copied above a Christian text. Other examples of Qur’anic
palimpsests include two leaves from a
seventh-century Hijazi Qur’an, copied
above an earlier version of the Qur’an.
“We think this is because the Qur’an
is such an important text and although
vellum was very expensive, the Qur’an
was always written on new material.
It’s highly revered and so they would
use brand-new material,” said Pingannaud. It was, however, “quite common
in the Byzantine and Greek worlds to
have palimpsests,” he added.
“Parchment is very strong, it
doesn’t suffer too much – it’s sensitive
to humidity but very solid,” he said.
“At the time it was erased, the parchment was probably like new and it’s
only with centuries passing that the
ink which sank into the parchment
provides this ghost image we see.”
Universities pay out
£650,000 to settle
student complaints
Press Association
Universities were told to pay students
more than £650,000 in compensation
last year after they raised complaints
about problems with their courses.
In total, financial remedies were
handed to nearly 200 students – in
some cases thousands of pounds –
after the Office of the Independent
Adjudicator (OIA) found they had
cause for complaint.
The higher education watchdog
investigates students’ complaints
relating to issues such as academic
status – for example, unfair withdrawal
from a course – and services, such as
quality of facilities and information.
The OIA’s latest annual report
shows that universities and colleges
were told to pay £583,321 in total last
year to students who had suffered
financial loss, distress or inconvenience. In addition, just under £70,000
was paid through settlements reached
after students complained to the OIA.
Complaints in 2017 were most
numerous from students studying
on business and law courses.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:22 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
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•
22
The Guardian Thursday 26 April 2018
National
Environment
▼ A gorilla and baby in the Virunga
national park, Democratic Republic
of the Congo. Right, a chimpanzee
PHOTOGRAPH: FRIEDRICH VON HORSTEN/ALAMY
More gorillas found
than expected – but
numbers still falling
Hope for world population if
poachers and deforestation
can be stopped, says survey
Damian Carrington
Environment editor
There are far more gorillas left in
the world than previously thought,
according to a landmark new survey,
with numbers as much as double the
earlier estimates.
However, their populations are
continuing to fall fast, down 20% in
only eight years, leaving them critically endangered. Furthermore, 80%
of the remaining gorilla troops do not
live in protected areas, leaving them
vulnerable to the threats the researchers summarise as “guns, germs and
[felled] trees”.
The decade-long survey in western equatorial Africa involved almost
6,000 miles of foot patrols and used
the nests that gorillas make every night
to assess the population.
The scientists covered the entire
range of the western lowland gorilla,
which accounts for 99% of all living
gorillas, now thought to number about
360,000 animals.
Gorillas are vital for the health of
the forest, the scientists said, because
they spread large seeds and their loss
is disastrous in the long term. The
larger-than-expected population gives
hope for gorillas’ survival, they said
– if poaching and forest destruction
for palm oil can be halted.
“The population could be double,”
said Prof Fiona Maisels, of the Wildlife Conservation Society and the one
of about 50 international experts who
conducted the survey. “But that is not
the big story. Just because there are
rather a lot of them does not mean they
are not very vulnerable.”
Gorillas breed slowly, with females
taking 11-12 years to reach maturity and
only giving birth every four years. “It
takes a long time to build populations
back up,” Maisels said.
The survey, published in the journal Science Advances, covered about a
quarter of the gorillas’ total range – an
area the size of France – which is naturally bounded by the Atlantic Ocean
and the Congo and Ubangi rivers. They
then used the nest counts and data
on important factors, including the
presence of people, roads and intact
forest to produce a sophisticated statistical model.
This allowed them to fill in the
gaps between the surveyed areas,
unlike previous research. The total
was 361,900 gorillas, far higher than
the earlier estimates of 150,000 to
250,000. The researchers also assessed
the population of the central chimpanzee subspecies, which lives in the same
‘Keep up the antipoaching effort. But
the future worry is
the removal of forest’
Prof Fiona Maisels
Conservation scientist
Gorilla distribution in western equatorial Africa
More than 360,000 gorillas are now thought to inhabit the
region, as much as double the previous estimate
Cameroon
Central African
Republic
Yaoundé
Equatorial
Guinea
Ouesso
Libreville
Gabon
Sangala
Geographic
range
Congo
Franceville
Democratic Republic
of the Congo
Gulf of Guinea
Pointe-Noire
200 km
200 miles
Source: Strindberg et al, Science Advances
Brazzaville
Kinshasa
range and represents about a third
of all chimps. Their population was
10-80% higher than thought.
It is illegal to kill or capture any great
ape in all the nations where they live,
but poaching to supply bushmeat to
fast-growing cities is rife. Outbreaks
of the Ebola virus have had a “catastrophic” impact on populations, the
scientists said, decimating numbers
in recent decades. “If Ebola wipes
through an area, they all go – 90% of
them in six months,” Maisels said.
The most vital factor in gorillas’ survival was the presence of park guards
to deter poachers. Dominant males
are easy to shoot because they stand
up to hunters, trying to protect their
group. The males replacing them often
kill any babies they have not fathered,
compounding the losses.
In contrast, chimpanzees, which
spend more time in trees, usually
flee when hunters approach. “They
are not as heroic, if you like,” Maisels
said. “Chimps are cleverer and sneak
away very quietly.” Local cultural
taboos against eating chimpanzee
meat also helped protect them. The
chimp population did not show a significant decline in the study period
from 2008 to 2013.
“The advice we would like to offer
is: keep up the anti-poaching effort,”
Maisels said. “That gets rid of the
immediate worry. But the future worry
is the removal of forest for agricultural
development. If a big area of forest is
turned into an oil palm or rubber plantation, it is not habitat for anything
anymore, except weeds.”
Only 20% of the gorillas range is in
protected areas and the researchers
said the majority of unprotected forests are being opened to logging and
deforestation: “It is vital that we step
up our efforts to conserve great apes.”
The situation varies widely by
country, Maisel said, with Gabon
having good national policies, while
the war-torn Central African Republic is struggling to govern at all. The
Democratic Republic of the Congo is a
hotspot for gorillas, she said, and could
play a vital role in conservation.
Liz Williamson, who coordinates
the Red List of endangered great apes
for the International Union for Conservation of Nature, said a combination
of responsible development and a network of well-managed parks would
provide a winning formula: “It is not
too late to secure a future for gorillas.”
The western lowland gorilla is by far
the most populous subspecies. There
are about 3,600 Grauer’s or eastern
lowland gorillas (a fall of 75% in 20
years), 800 mountain gorillas and only
200-300 Cross River gorillas.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:23 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
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•
Thursday 26 April 2018 The Guardian
National
Inquiries rise
into police
response to
Rotherham
abuse scandal
Frances Perraudin
North of England reporter
The number of investigations into
the response by police to allegations
of child sexual abuse in Rotherham
has increased to nearly 100, the police
watchdog has said.
The Independent Office for Police
Conduct (IOPC) said yesterday that at
the beginning of April it was overseeing 98 investigations into the response
of South Yorkshire police, compared
with 62 at the same point last year.
Father changes his plea and
admits murder of daughter
Press Association
An antiques dealer who strangled his
seven-year-old daughter in an act of
“pure selfishness” has admitted murder midway through his trial.
Robert Peters, 56, throttled Sophia
with a dressing-gown cord while alone
with her at his home in Wimbledon,
south-west London, last November.
Afterwards, he called 999 to report
what he had done and the child was
rushed to hospital, but died the
following day.
The killing came just over a month
after Peters, who was depressed and
suicidal, was found not to be a risk by
a child protection team.
Peters had admitted manslaughter but denied murder, claiming he
was hearing voices at the time. But
three days into his trial at the Old Bailey, he dramatically changed his plea,
watched by Sophia’s mother, Krittiya
– his third wife – and other family
members.
Peters had recently ended a twoand-a-half-year affair with a married
Home Office official he met online
when Sophia was killed.
He was also worrying about his
finances and claimed his Kensingtonbased oriental antiques business was
going bankrupt, even though he had a
Jaguar car and plenty of money in the
bank, the court was told.
In the months before the killing,
Peters searched the internet for “serial
killers”, “treatment of child killers in
prison” and “premeditated murder”.
▲ Robert Peters waited for his wife
to go out before strangling Sophia
cYanmaGentaYellowb
He chose his opportunity to kill Sophia
before she was due to return to her
£5,000-a-term boarding school after
the half-term break, waiting until his
wife went out.
When officers arrived at his home,
Peters calmly told them: “She’s
upstairs. I’ve strangled her.”
When Sophia was found she had a
weak pulse and was rushed to hospital,
joined soon after by her mother, who
was escorted there by police. Sophia
was treated in intensive care, but died
from brain damage the next day, on 4
November last year.
Following his arrest, Peters admitted not being a “good father” and said
he had been suffering a breakdown. He
said he had been thinking of killing his
family for several weeks so they could
be “spared the pain and upset when he
became bankrupt”.
Peters told police he had been visited by a child protection team and
feared Sophia would be taken into
care. But an assessment had already
concluded on 27 September that he
was not a risk to himself or others and
the case was closed.
It can now be reported that Peters’
second wife, Francine, claimed he had
throttled her during their marriage,
which ended acrimoniously in 2009.
She said in a statement in the wake
of the killing: “He grabbed me around
the neck, was strangling me. It was on
a hot summer month. I had marks on
my neck.” She also alleged he was controlling and had headbutted her.
But Jim Sturman QC, defending,
dismissed her account, which was
not put before the trial jury, saying it
“never happened”.
Mr Justice Edis remanded Peters
into custody. He will be sentenced
next Monday.
DI Helen Rance, of Scotland Yard,
said: “Sophia was an innocent sevenyear-old girl, much loved by her
mother, brother and friends. She was
tragically murdered by the hands of
her own father in the most frightening way.
“Sophia had her whole life ahead of
her, which was taken away so cruelly
in an act of pure selfishness. Robert Peters has shown no remorse for
the murder, and initially maintained
a defence of diminished responsibility.
However, due to the strong evidence
against him, he has changed his plea
to guilty.
“This was a particularly traumatic
case to deal with for all concerned,
and I hope that this conviction brings
a degree of closure to Sophia’s family.”
23
IOPC said that 45 of those inquiries
had been completed and 33 current
and former police officers were still
being investigated. The body would
publish a report once Operation Linden, which is examining alleged
misconduct by police in relation to
the Rotherham case, had concluded.
The watchdog confirmed that some
of the completed investigations had
identified potential misconduct by
officers, but said that details would not
be made public until the final report
was published.
An investigation by the Times in
2012 found that gang rape and trafficking were widespread in Rotherham.
A report in 2014 by Prof Alexis Jay,
a former chief inspector of social
work,found that failures of political
and police leadership had contributed
to the exploitation of 1,400 children.
Jay concluded that police gave no
priority to child abuse, regarded many
victims with contempt and failed to act
on their reports of abuse.
The increase in the number of
investigations under Operation Linden is due to new complaints being
received and decisions to split up
some inquiries to make them more
manageable.
Steve Noonan, acting deputy director of investigations at the IOPC, said:
“We are supporting 53 survivors and
a number of complainants through a
very difficult period, when they are
also being asked to give evidence to
the National Crime Agency to support
their investigations into the terrible
crimes committed in Rotherham.”
The operation has a team of 35 staff
who have analysed more than 15,000
documents and pieces of evidence,
some of which dates to the 1990s.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:24 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
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Section:GDN 1N PaGe:25 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
Thursday 26 April 2018 The Guardian
Korean summit
Peninsula gears up for
historic meeting
Page 28
Sent at 25/4/2018 20:26
•
Deadly cycle
Dutch bike fatalities
overtake car deaths
Page 30
25
Macron attempts to win over
Trump on climate and Iran
French president cheered in
Congress as he casts doubt
on White House policies
Julian Borger
Washington
After a day of intimate presidential fraternity with Donald Trump,
Emmanuel Macron yesterday made
an impassioned speech in Washington
advocating many of the things Trump
has spent much of his presidency trying to destroy.
Over the course of a 50-minute
address in English to a joint meeting
of Congress, the French president said
he was “sure” that the US would one
day return to the Paris climate change
accord, and vowed that France would
not abandon the 2015 nuclear deal with
Iran.
Trump has left the first and has been
threatening to quit the second in the
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next few weeks. More broadly, Macron
presented himself to the US legislature
as an unabashed advocate of liberal
world order of global institutions and
free trade – the very opposite of the
America First nationalism that fuelled
Trump’s rise to the White House.
The speech was interrupted by frequent standing ovations, many from
both sides of the aisle. “We will not
let the rampaging work of extreme
nationalism shake a world full of hopes
for greater prosperity,” Macron said.
“It is a critical moment. If we do
not act with urgency as a global community, I am convinced that the
international institutions, including
the United Nations and Nato, will no
longer be able to exercise a mandate
and stabilising influence.
“Personally, if you ask me, I do not
share the fascination for new strong
powers, the abandonment of freedom and the illusion of nationalism,”
Macron said, in remarks that could
easily be seen as a rebuke for Trump’s
▲ President Macron said the rift over
the Paris accord was “short term”
enthusiasm for some of the world’s
most autocratic rulers.
Macron also called for global action
to combat climate change built around
the 2015 Paris accord, which Trump
announced in June he was walking
away from. “What is the meaning
of our life if we [are] destroying the
planet while sacrificing the future
of our children?” the French president asked. “Let us face it. There is
no planet B.”
He said the rift over the Paris accord
was but a “short-term disagreement”.
“In the long run, we will have to face
the same reality that we are citizens of
the same planet,” he added.
“I’m sure one day the United States
will come back and join the Paris agreement,” Macron declared, to cheers
from the Democratic ranks.
He had an even more direct rebuke
for his host’s use of tariffs as an instrument of trade policy. Macron said
that the right way to correct trade
imbalances and overcapacity was to
negotiate through the World Trade
Organisation.
“We wrote these rules. We should
follow them,” the visiting president
said.
On the Iran nuclear agreement,
Macron repeated an idea he had promoted on Tuesday at a White House
meeting with Trump of a “new deal”
that would complement the 2015
accord with a broader remit to address
Iranian ballistic missile development
and its military role across the Middle East.
Iran, Macron said, would “never
possess any nuclear weapons” but, he
added: “This policy should never lead
us to war in the Middle East.”
He called for respect for the sovereignty of Iran and its ancient
civilisation and urged the west not to
“repeat past mistakes”, an apparent
reference to the 2003 Iraq invasion.
Both the US and France signed the
2015 Joint Comprehensive Programme
of Action (JCPOA), he pointed out,
adding: “We should not abandon it
without something more substantial
in its place.”
In a tweet after his speech to Congress, Macron added: “We decided
with President [Trump] to work on
a new comprehensive deal”, which
would address Iranian missiles and
make limits on Iranian nuclear activities permanent.
On Tuesday, Trump had stopped
short of voicing support for Macron’s
idea of a supplemental agreement,
or set of agreements, on non-nuclear
issues but did suggest that he was at
least reconsidering his vow to abrogate
the JCPOA by declining to extend sanctions relief when presidential waivers
fall due on May 12.
Macron was speaking as part of
his visit to the United States. It is the
first time that a president from France
has addressed Congress in more than
a decade, but follows a tradition of
foreign leaders appearing at the US
Capitol.
Visitors to Tussauds
invited ‘to give
Melania a voice’ as
waxworks unveiled
Adam Gabbatt
New York
▲ Sean Spicer poses next to models of
Melania and Donald Trump
PHOTOGRAPH: MIKE SEGAR/REUTERS
The former White House press secretary Sean Spicer unveiled a waxwork of
Melania Trump at Madame Tussauds
in New York yesterday, praising the
model as “unbelievably lifelike”.
The model of the first lady is next
to one of her husband, Donald Trump,
behind a wooden presidential desk in a
section of Madame Tussauds devoted
to world and religious leaders.
Asked what Melania was like away
from the cameras, Spicer said: “She’s a
very gracious and fashionable woman.
I don’t think the American people have
fully appreciated the level of intellect
she has and her political savviness.”
Tussauds visitors are being invited
to “give Melania a voice” by tweeting
from a social-media station next to the
first lady. Those deemed suitable will
be tweeted out to the world.
The option is likely to draw comparisons to the #FreeMelania movement
that trended after the 2016 presidential inauguration, sparked by footage
of her looking less than pleased as her
husband was inaugurated.
A spokeswoman acknowledged that
people might make that comparison,
but said it was not intended as a comment on her vocality or role in the
White House.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:26 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
•
Eyewitness
26
Hospital life
before the NHS
In one, a patient relaxes with
a specially designed cigarette
holder after being treated
in a saline bath for burns. In
another, a patient plays with
a budgerigar, presumably as
therapy.
The images are from a
vast photographic cache
illustrating healthcare in
Britain before the dawn of the
NHS, and which is now being
made available online on the
Historic England website.
Scenes of improvised
wartime hospital wards
and early plastic surgery
are among more than 4,000
images dating from 1938 to
1943, which were recently
discovered by staff at Historic
England’s archive in Swindon.
The collection was taken
by the Topical Press Agency,
which operated until the
1950s and is being released to
coincide with this year’s
70th anniversary of the
founding of the NHS.
▼ Saline bath
treatment for
burns in 1940 at
Queen Victoria
hospital, West
Sussex, included
a glass of milk
A patient at the
Wingfield-Morris
orthopaedic
hospital in
Oxford in 1939
gets a visit from a
caged budgerigar
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The Guardian Thursday 26 April 2018
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:27 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
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Sent at 25/4/2018 17:12
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•
27
Orthoptic
exercises to
correct a squint
at King Edward
VII hospital,
Birmingham,
in 1941
Staff testing
rehabilitation
equipment at
Albert Dock
hospital,
London, in 1938
before it opened
A linen mask
protecting the
face and neck of
a young patient
at St Thomas’
hospital,
Lambeth, in 1941
Production of
medical rubber
gloves in 1939,
four decades
after their first
use by surgeons
▲ A trainer and
patient dummy
at Central
Middlesex
hospital in 1941
▲ A gym class in
1941 at 933-bed
St Ebba’s
psychiatric
hospital, Epsom
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:28 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
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•
28
cYanmaGentaYellowb
The Guardian Thursday 26 April 2018
National
World
xSubjectxxxx
Korean summit
Peninsula rests
hopes on leader
of North and the
son of refugees
Justin McCurry Tokyo
Benjamin Haas Seoul
The grandson of the revered founder
of North Korea and the son of refugees
who fled to the South will shake hands
and sit down for talks tomorrow that
could defuse arguably the biggest
threat to global peace and security.
The meeting between Kim Jong-un,
the North Korean leader, and Moon
Jae-in, the South Korean president,
will take place just south of the border
that has separated their countries for
65 years.
The meeting represents a breakthrough few thought possible just a
few months ago.
Following North Korea’s sixth –
and possibly final – nuclear test, the
talk was of economic pressure, diplomatic containment and, in the White
House, the pros and cons of a “bloody
nose” strike on Pyongyang’s seemingly recalcitrant regime.
The mood of pessimism lifted in
February in the sub-zero temperatures
of the Pyeongchang Winter Olympics
as North Korean athletes, cheerleaders
and Kim’s sister descended on the
South Korean town.
The Games were the launch pad for
this week’s meeting between Moon
and Kim and, very possibly, a summit between the North Korean leader
and Donald Trump in late May or early
June, with Mongolia and Singapore
among the possible hosts.
Yesterday, Pope Francis called on
the two leaders to seek a “path to
reconciliation” at tomorrow’s summit.
“I ask them to have the courage of
hope by becoming artisans of peace,”
he said in his weekly audience in St
Peter’s Square, calling for “a concrete
path to reconciliation” and “transparent dialogue”.
Both Moon and Trump have talked
up the potential for an agreement
on two key issues: North Korean
denuclearisation and the signing of a
peace treaty that would finally bring
an end to the Korean war.
Many of the positive signs from
North Korea have not been stated
publicly by Kim’s regime, with most
announcements coming from South
Korean officials.
Any indication that Kim is willing
to jettison the best guarantor of his
dynasty’s survival could come after
he and Moon end their day of talks,
which begin with a greeting in front
of the world’s media and end with a
dinner that references their very different backgrounds.
A potato rösti is meant to evoke
Kim’s childhood years in Switzerland, where he is believed to have
gone to school, while a John Dory fish
course represents Moon’s time in the
South Korean port city of Busan. The
head chef of one of Pyongyang’s most
famous restaurants will travel to the
summit site to prepare cold noodles.
Tomorrow’s summit, the first time
Kim and Moon have met and only the
third between the North and South
since an armistice halted the Korean
war in 1953, has been prefaced by
attempts on both sides to create the
right mood music.
Propaganda broadcasts either side
of the demilitarised zone have been
halted – for now and joint US-South
Korea military exercises that began
on 1 April have been scaled down.
Trump, who last year called Kim “little rocket man,” referred to him this
week of a “very open and honourable” man. For his part, Kim has at least
refrained from baiting the “dotard” in
the White House.
Moon, though, is playing down
the suggestion that he and Kim will
emerge from the talks declaring
peace in their time, acknowledging
this week that a formal peace treaty
would require the approval of other
parties that fought in the Korean war,
notably China and the US.
Instead, they could reach a less
ambitious interim deal to “end hostilities” – similar to agreements brokered
during previous inter-Korean summits
in 2000 and 2007.
Yesterday, officials from both
countries spent two hours behind
closed doors rehearsing for the
meeting. By tomorrow evening, the
world will know if their leaders are
up to the task of turning summit
choreography into real substance.
Masked
South Korean
activists in
Seoul yesterday
demonstrate
their support
for the summit
‘Forever strangers’ The defectors
hoping to return to Pyongyang
Benjamin Haas
Seoul
F
rom the moment Kim
Ryon-hui set foot in
Seoul she had a singular
goal: to return to her
home in North Korea.
It is a rare yearning
among the 30,000 North Korean
defectors living in the South, many
of whom risked death to escape
poverty, hunger and political
oppression. But Kim’s desire to
return has made her a hero in
the North, where officials have
demanded her return, while in the
South she is viewed with suspicion
by the government, which refused
to issue her a passport for fear she
would try to travel to North Korea
through China.
Kim has spent seven years trying
to return to her daughter and
husband in Pyongyang, staging
protests and petitioning the United
Nations, saying she is trapped, a
stranger in a strange land.
Ahead of tomorrow’s summit,
she hopes her dream of returning
will become a reality. North
Korean officials insist she be
allowed to return and have said it
is a precondition to any reunions
between families divided by the
1950-53 Korean War.
“If the meeting of [divided]
families are to be negotiated at the
inter-Korean summit, I must be sent
back,” Kim said. “I think I will be able
to go back to my family this year ... I
don’t know how I have managed the
last seven years. If I were told to wait
longer, I don’t think I could do that.”
Kim travelled to China for medical
treatment in 2011, shocked to find
the fellow communist state did not
provide free healthcare. She began
working to pay her bills, when a
broker who smuggles North Koreans
to the South convinced her she could
make more money there and that
she could return in a few months.
Like all North Korean defectors,
she was interrogated in the South
by the National Intelligence Service
and required to sign a statement
disavowing support for the North.
She automatically became a South
Korean citizen, for whom it is illegal
to visit the North without approval.
Kim planned to apply for a passport
and return, but was rejected
when the authorities found her
destination was Pyongyang.
She tried to forge a passport
but was caught and sentenced to
two years in prison. She served 10
months, since when she has staged
protests and travelled around
South Korea speaking about her
wish to return. On tour she has
been asked why she would want to
return when life in the South is far
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:29 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
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•
Thursday 26 April 2018 The Guardian
29
Q&A
Hopes and
fears on
both sides
Why is the summit important?
This is only the second time Kim
will meet another head of state,
after a brief trip to China last month.
It is also the first time in a decade
that South Korea has a liberal
government that wants to engage
with the North. “The Inter-Korean
summit is like the opening move in
chess. How you play it sets up the
other possible moves that come
after it,” said Mintaro Oba, a former
US diplomat who worked on North
Korea policy.
What’s the history?
North and South Korea have been
divided since the end of the Korean
war and, except for about a decade
ending in 2008, relations have
remained frosty. This is not the first
time North Korea has expressed a
willingness to abandon its nuclear
ambitions. A deal in the 1990s was
meant to given the North civilian
nuclear power without the ability
to build a weapon, but the reactor
was never finished. North Korea
pledged to relinquish its nuclear
programme in 2007, but later pulled
out of that agreement.
The lawn in
front of Seoul’s
city hall displays
the shape of
the Korean
peninsula ahead
of tomorrow’s
inter-Korean
summit
PHOTOGRAPH: JORGE
SILVA/REUTERS
more comfortable. “No matter how
affluent you are, if you can’t share
that with your family, it would be
meaningless,” she said.
“North Korean defectors are
forever strangers in this country,
classified as second class citizens. I
would never want my daughter to
live this life,” she added. “Defectors
are treated like cigarette ashes
thrown away on the streets.” Half the
North Koreans living in the South
say they have faced discrimination.
Kim grew up in Pyongyang,
working as a tailor, and lived
comfortably by North Korean
standards. Her husband was a
military surgeon. Now she lives in
a dilapidated house in Seoul filled
with people who want to go back to
North Korea, mostly veterans who
have been in the South since the end
of the Korean war.
Kim knows of seven defectors
who want to return, and says there
are more that shun the spotlight.
A woman was arrested in February
for violating the South’s National
Security Law, which forbids aiding
North Korea, after she sent 130
tonnes of rice to Pyongyang ahead of
her planned return.
Kim recently spoke to Kwon
Chol-nam, another defector who
has publicly declared his wish to
‘No matter
how affluent
you are, if
you can’t
share it with
your family,
it would be
meaningless’
Kim Ryon-hui
Defector
return to the North. He came to the
South to earn money to pay for his
son’s medical treatment after he
was persuaded by a broker. From
the moment he arrived he faced
financial difficulties, first with the
broker and then with his employer.
He has since come to regret
the decision to travel to the
South. He said he faced constant
discrimination that eventually led to
unpaid wages. He called the police to
try to recover the money and during
a heated exchange of words pushed
his boss, which led to his arrest.
While he was sitting in the police
station, Kwon decided he wanted to
go back to North Korea.
“To live a life, money is an
important factor, but the most
important thing is to be treated like
a human being. In the North, no one
treated me like that,” he said. “When
I arrived [in South Korea] I was told
I would be treated equally, but that
was bullshit.”
Kwon tried to return to the North
but was caught and spent several
months in jail. He now lives in a tiny
apartment on the outskirts of Seoul
where he struggles to pay the rent of
about £150 a month.
“I really miss my family,” Kwon
said. “I miss them every single
moment in South Korea.”
Why now?
Kim feels he has developed his
nuclear and missile programmes
sufficiently to act as a deterrent
against any attack and give him
significant negotiating power. In his
New Year’s address, he extended
an olive branch and offered to
participate in the Winter Olympics in
South Korea in February. That led to
a series of meetings culminating in
this month’s summit and a planned
meeting between Kim and Trump.
What do both sides want?
They want to claim the summit as a
success and know that the real goal
is an agreement between the US and
the North. Seoul has also suggested
it could try to replace the current
armistice agreement with a formal
peace treaty, but it wants the North
to agree to denuclearise.
“For Moon, the summit is
valuable because it makes it harder
for the US or North Korea to escalate
tensions and gives him a lever to
push both countries toward his
ultimate goal: a comprehensive
US-North Korea deal,” Oba said.
“For Kim, it’s a way of increasing his
options, putting pressure on the US
to deal with him on his terms, and
convincing the world he is acting
in good faith, so the blame for any
future setbacks will be on the US and
not North Korea.” Kim may also be
looking for relief from sanctions.
What are the possible outcomes?
While North Korea has repeatedly
signalled it is willing to give up its
nuclear weapons, the conditions
may be too high a price to pay.
Kim is acutely aware of the fate
of Muammar Gaddafi, the Libyan
dictator who gave up his weapons
programmes only to have European
and US forces bomb Libya during an
uprising against him.
Other possibilities include
a meeting relatively light on
substance, focused on building
goodwill and positive photo
opportunities instead of touching on
issues that could cause conflict.
Benjamin Haas Seoul
Signature dishes
Korean twists and Swiss memories
presidential Blue House has named
“Memories of Swiss”. Also for
dessert will be a mango mousse,
below left, decorated with a blue
map symbolising a unified Korean
Peninsula.
The chefs will serve baked John
Dory fish, below, a tribute to the
While not many things are known
about Kim Jong-un’s childhood,
one thing Seoul is certain about
is that he spent several years at
school in Switzerland. That means
a lot of Swiss-inspired dishes at a
banquet to be held after tomorrow’s
summit meeting. As well as a Korean
twist on Swiss rösti, above – fried
grated potato from South Korea’s
Gangwon province – the South
Koreans will serve Swiss chocolate,
macaroons and cheesecake as
part of a dessert menu that Seoul’s
South Korean port of Busan, where
the 65-year-old South Korean
president, Moon Jae-in, was born.
Other dishes include nods to the
birthplaces of the former presidents
Kim Dae-jung and Roh Moo-hyun,
who met Kim Jong-un’s father, Kim
Jong-il, at the two previous interKorean summits in the 2000s.
The Blue House said that for its
part, North Korea had agreed to
bring to the dinner “naengmyeon,”
or cold noodles, made by the head
chef of Pyongyang’s famous
Okryu-gwan restaurant. AP/Seoul
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:30 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
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•
Analysis
Jason Wilson
Facebook post may link suspect
in deadly Toronto van attack to
misogynist ‘incel’ subculture
hortly before a rented
van ploughed into a
crowd of pedestrians
in Toronto, killing
10 and wounding 14
others, a short and
cryptic message was posted on
the Facebook account of Alek
Minassian, the man accused of
carrying out the attack.
The post referred to another
mass killer – Elliot Rodger, who
shot dead six people and wounded
13 in Isla Vista, California, in 2014
– and said the “incel rebellion has
already begun. We will overthrow
all the Chads and the Stacys”.
Minassian’s Facebook account
has since been deleted and police
have yet to suggest a motive for
the attack, but the post appeared
to connect the alleged killer with
the so-called “incel” movement,
which has made collective sexual
frustration the basis for a deeply
PHOTOGRAPH: CARL
DE SOUZA/AFP/GETTY
The Guardian Thursday 26 April 2018
World
30
S
cYanmaGentaYellowb
misogynistic online subculture.
Incel stands for “involuntary
celibate”, and the people who
identify with the label are almost
exclusively male. On Incels.me, the
subculture’s leading online forum,
an incel is described as someone
who “can’t have sex despite wanting
to”, and is thus also denied the
pleasures of relationships. (In incel
language, sexually successful men
are known as Chads, and attractive
women are called Stacys).
Self-identified incels have used
the internet to find anonymous
support and develop an ideology
whose central belief is that the
modern world is unfairly stacked
against awkward or unattractive
heterosexual men.
Incel websites claim that society
is set up so that some men have
numerous sexual partners, others
have none, and women get to take
their pick in what is often described
as a “sexual marketplace”. Such
ideas are often buttressed with
half-understood theories about
evolution, psychology and genetics.
At their heart is a belief that
denying men sex is unjust. As in
other reactionary subcultures that
reject consensus liberal beliefs,
those adopting the incel creed are
said to take “the red pill” – referring
to the scene in the science-fiction
film The Matrix in which the hero
chooses to leave his illusions
behind. Frequently, such ideas lead
to a generalised bitterness towards
women. Big incel hubs are often
viciously misogynistic and feature
calls for rape or other violence.
Even the free-speech bastion
Reddit was forced last year to ban
the largest incel subreddit for
inciting hate (another subreddit,
incelTears, continues to chronicle
the excesses of incel culture online).
Some people with this mindset
take it upon themselves to commit
Incels have used the
internet to develop an
ideology whose central
belief is that the world is
unfairly stacked against
unattractive men
Hoping to ruffle some feathers An indigenous man wears an elaborate headdress at the Acampamento Terra Livre (Free Land Camp) in the Brazilian capital,
Brasilia. About 2,500 members from more than 100 ethnicities gathered for
Indigenous National Mobilisation Week, a protest to assert their territorial rights.
horrendous violence. In videos and
a manifesto, the Isla Vista shooter,
Rodger, justified his mass homicide
by presenting it as revenge for his
romantic rejections and the fact
that, at 22, he was a virgin.
Rodger was adopted by some
incels as a hero, and made into
the quasi-ironic figurehead for a
“beta uprising”, when sexually
unsuccessful men would engage
in armed revolt against all of the
“Chads” and “Stacys”.
Behind the irony and disavowal,
then, some incels have constructed
a kind of violent, insurrectionary
rhetoric from romantic failure.
It’s possible that this mindset has
influenced another lonely man in
Toronto to commit mass murder.
The nature of social media still
leaves room for doubt as to whether
the message is genuine, or whether
it was really posted by Minassian –
and internet trolls have previously
misled the media following mass
killings with false claims.
Moderators on Incels.me were
quick to disavow him. One post
said Minassian “has never posted
on Incels.me. As far as we are
concerned, no one on the forum
heard of him before these latest
news.” But elsewhere on the
site, some users appeared to be
defending the attacker. One post
castigated other forum users for
their squeamishness under the title,
“Most of you guys are all talk”.
G2 Cover story Epidemic of
murders in
focus as Latin
nations gear
up for polls
Tom Phillips
Latin America has suffered more than
2.5m murders since the start of this
century and is facing an acute public
security crisis that demands urgent
and innovative solutions, a new report
warns. “The sheer dimensions of homicidal violence are breathtaking,” says
the report by the Igarapé Institute, a
Brazil-based thinktank.
The report paints a bleak portrait
of what it calls the world’s most homicidal continent. Latin America suffers
33% of the world’s homicides, despite
having only 8% of its population. One
quarter of all global homicides are concentrated in four countries – Brazil,
Colombia, Mexico and Venezuela – all
of which are preparing for presidential elections.
“The overall trend right now in
Latin America is one of increasing
homicides and deteriorating security,” said Robert Muggah, one of the
report’s authors. “The rate of homicide is set to continue increasing up
until 2030. The only other places we
are seeing similar kinds of increases
are in parts of southern and central
Africa and some war zones.”
Young Latin Americans are disproportionately affected, with nearly half
of all homicide victims aged 15-29.
The report also denounces the
“astonishingly” large role of guns.
Muggah said: “The vast majority of
these homicides are committed with
firearms. Over 75% of homicides are
gun-related” – compared with a global
average of 40%.
The security crisis has taken centre stage as the region’s most violent
nations head to the polls. Colombia
and Venezuela are both due to hold
presidential elections in late May,
while Mexico, in which there were
nearly 30,000 homicides last year,
votes on 1 July, and Brazil in October.
Some candidates, seeking to exploit
public anger over insecurity and crime,
are floating radical responses. On Sunday, one Mexican presidential hopeful,
Jaime Rodríguez, suggested chopping
off thieves’ hands.
In Brazil, the far-right candidate Jair
Bolsonaro has vowed to relax gun-control laws. “We must give everyone the
right to carry a gun, just like in the US,”
he told O Globo this week. “We already
have a ‘bang bang’ going on in Brazil,
but only one side is allowed to shoot.”
Muggah said he feared many voters
would look to strongman-style populists peddling “simple, forceful and
aggressive solutions to what they see
as one of their primary problems”.
“There is a risk that Latin Americans are seduced by this narrative of
mano dura [firm hand]. But we will not
solve this problem by simply throwing more police, longer sentences and
more prisons at it.”
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:31 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
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•
Thursday 26 April 2018 The Guardian
World
31
▼ A customer shopping with her
family at a market in Nairobi
uses a compostable bag
JENNIFER HUXTA/THE GUARDIAN
‘We have achieved
more in six months
than in the previous
five years’
Samuel Matonda
Manufacturers’ spokesman
The amount those who produce, sell
or carry plastic bags can be fined
is on the bustling thoroughfare leading
down into Mathare valley. One of the
administrators, Caleb Omondi, said
he had already noticed a difference.
“We used to get about 300 people a
day. Now it’s over 400,” he said. “I’m
overjoyed. This is making the community cleaner and we get more income.”
In broader society, the ban appears
to be working – though not everyone
is ready to give up their plastic bags.
Elijia, who preferred not to give his
family name, is a young man who
says he has to use a plastic bag to carry
his beloved khat because it keeps the
moisture far more effectively than
a paper bag. “I’m worried about the
police, of course, but I’m not a bad person,” he said.
Esther, a stallholder who sells fried
chips for 20 shillings a bag, sighs when
the subject is mentioned. A clutch of
red, orange and green biodegradable
fibre bags pinned to the wall behind
her show her efforts to meet the conditions of the ban, but the new bags
are six times more expensive. Customers refuse to pay extra and there are no
government subsidies. “My business
is badly affected,” she said. “I’m not
against a plastic ban, but there should
be a cheap alternative.”
In the eight months since the ban
was introduced, local media have
charted the crackdown on “plastic bag dealers”. In February, more
than 50 people were arrested in raids
across the country. Authorities also
shut down Nairobi’s Burma market for
widespread noncompliance.
In Mathare, a group of slums that is
home to half a million people, one local
trader, nicknamed Onya, was arrested
after police caught him using plastic
bags to sell chicken heads. The judge
fined him 15,000 shillings, much lower
than the maximum penalty but equivalent to six weeks’ work. “That seems
harsh for a new law,” said one of his
customers.
Other stallholders are asking their
customers to bring plastic bowls or
traditional bags made from sisal fibre.
This has led to complaints. The bowls
spill easily. The sisal bags are expensive because the plants, which were
once common, have been replaced by
cash crops.
There has been pushback. On 1
March, the manufacturer, Hi-Plast
filed a lawsuit against the government
for compensation and argued the ban
has been selectively implemented.
In Kenya as a whole, the prohibition
on plastic bags has caused headaches
for retailers and manufacturers.
“The ban has shaken the economy.
In several areas, business is at a standstill,” said Samuel Matonda, of the
Kenyan manufacturers association,
who complains that the policy should
have been introduced gradually.
He estimates that 80% of member companies are affected and close
to 100,000 people have been laid off
because the outlawing of flat plastic
bags has been very broadly interpreted
to include almost all packaging,
which hurts exporters of food and
flower products to Tesco, Walmart
and Carrefour, as well as producers of
pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals.
But Matonda, who is part of a panel
that is working with the government
to create more exemptions and put a
greater emphasis on improving waste
management, is upbeat.
“It’s a stimulus,” he said. “The ban
has undoubtedly aroused more public awareness of the need for a clean
environment.
“We have achieved more in six
months than in the previous five
years.”
Mohammad Salameh, 16, was
fatally shot an hour after Nawara.
Mohamed al-Azi, who was 15 at the
time, survived a gunshot wound to the
chest. An Israeli military spokesman
at the time had claimed footage of the
killings had been edited to portray an
unfair picture of events.
Yesterday’s sentence came as the
Israeli security forces’ use of live fire is
in the spotlight after the fatal shooting
of dozens of Palestinians at the Gaza
border fence in recent weeks
Deri, who was 21 at the time, was
tried only for firing the fatal shots
that killed Nawara. An examination
after his body was exhumed showed
he had been killed by an Israeli M16
round to the chest. Although soldiers had been ordered only to use
rubber bullets, Deri’s M16 magazine
had been replaced with one containing live rounds.
Four minutes after Nawara threw a
stone at Israeli forces, Deri shot him in
the chest. Video footage taken from a
security camera showed clearly that
Nawara was 80-200metres from the
soldiers when he was killed.
The court, in Jerusalem, agreed to a
plea bargain under which Deri admitted to using the bullets accidentally. He
had been charged with manslaughter.
The court described Deri’s actions
as having involved a “high degree of
negligence”. Deri was also ordered
to pay the victim’s family $14,000
(£10,000).
“This is not how justice is done,”
said Nawara’s father, Siam Nawara,
after the sentencing. “I never expected
the Israeli court to do justice for my
martyred son, but I had to do all I can
to present a solid case and to expose
the Israeli judicial system.”
Nairobi feels the force of world’s
most draconian plastic bag ban
Eight months on, there are
fewer ‘flying toilets’ – but
more worries for traders
Jonathan Watts
Nairobi
The waterways are clearer, the food
chain is less contaminated with plastic
– and there are fewer “flying toilets”.
A year after Kenya announced the
world’s toughest ban on plastic bags,
and eight months after it was introduced, the authorities are claiming
victory, so much so that other east
African nations – Uganda, Tanzania,
Burundi and South Sudan – are considering following suit.
“Our streets are generally cleaner,
which has brought with it a general ‘feelgood’ factor,” said David
Ong’are, the enforcement director of
the National Environment Management Authority. “You no longer see
carrier bags flying around when it’s
windy. Waterways are less obstructed.
Fishermen on the coast and Lake
Victoria are seeing few bags entangled in their nets.”
Ong’are said abattoirs used to find
plastic in the guts of roughly three out
of every 10 animals taken to slaughter. This had gone down to one. The
government is now conducting a
proper analysis to measure the overall effect of the measure.
The draconian ban came in last
August, threatening up to four years’
imprisonment or fines of $40,000
(£31,000) for anyone producing, selling
– or even just carrying – a plastic bag.
In Nairobi’s shanty towns, one
immediate impact was on the practice
of defecating in a plastic bag, tying it
up and then throwing it on to the tin
roofs, a convenience known as “flying
Israeli border guard given nine
months for shooting teenager
Peter Beaumont
An Israeli border policeman who
fatally shot a Palestinian teenager at
a demonstration has been sentenced
to nine months in prison. The father of
17-year-old Nadeem Nawara said the
sentence was “ridiculous”, insisting
Ben Deri had murdered his son.
Nawara was one of three Palestinian teenagers shot when stones were
thrown at a demonstration near Ofer
prison near Ramallah in May 2014 on
the day Palestinians mark the Nakba,
or “catastrophe”, referring to the time
of the creation of Israel in 1948.
toilets”. Johnson Kaunange, a wheelchair user, said: “I don’t know when
the flying toilets started, but they are
not good.
“You never know where they are
going to land or where they will fall
when it rains. My wheelchair often
rolls over the bags and splits them,
and then the stink on the wheels is
disgusting.”
Since the ban was introduced, many
more people in the Mathare community, a collection of slums in the city,
are using a communal toilet, which
charges five Kenyan shillings (4p)
for single use or 100 shillings for a
month-long family pass. The facility
£31,000
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:32 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
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Section:GDN 1N PaGe:33 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
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•
Thursday 26 April 2018 The Guardian
World
Madrid leader quits
over ‘theft’ film and
claim of fake degree
Sam Jones
Madrid
The president of Madrid’s regional
government has resigned after video
footage emerged of her apparently
being caught stealing two tubs of face
cream seven years ago.
Cristina Cifuentes, one of the most
high-profile figures in the conservative
People’s party (PP) of the prime minister, Mariano Rajoy, had been under
pressure to quit over allegations that
she had faked her master’s degree. She
said yesterday she was stepping down
to spare her colleagues and family any
further embarrassment.
Cifuentes had managed to cling
on for weeks and had tried to shift
responsibility for the degree on to
the university that awarded it, but the
release of the video to the news site
OKdiario appears to have sealed her
fate. Speaking at a hastily convened
press conference, Cifuentes said the
footage showed an “involuntary mistake” she had made in 2011.
She said she had become the subject of a very public and very personal
“lynching” over recent weeks. “This
has been a campaign of harassment
and demolition and one which has,
for a while now, stopped being political and become personal. Some clear
red lines have been crossed,” she said.
Cifuentes, who had governed the
Madrid region since 2015, said she was
quitting so as not to jeopardise her
administration’s achievements or let
her political opponents take control.
Rajoy, speaking after the resignation, said: “Cristina Cifuentes has done
what she had to do. I think the situation made her resignation obligatory.”
Opposition parties in the regional
assembly had called a vote of no
33
confidence in early May. Her departure means the PP can now replace her
with another candidate. “The alternative would be a leftist government that
would undoubtedly not just raise taxes
but also destroy many of the things
we’ve done and mean an administration that would be bad for the people
of Madrid,” Cifuentes said.
She said she had taken the decision to resign a few days earlier and
had been planning to announce her
departure in early May but yesterday’s events had forced her hand. “I
have already endured about 35 days
▲ Regional president Cristina
Cifuentes announces her resignation
of permanent exposure and lynching morning, noon and night by land,
sea and air,” she said. “But what happened today has crossed a line … First
of all, I don’t want to hurt my family,
which is why I’ve taken this decision –
for my family, so that they don’t have
to continue suffering. I also believe it’s
what’s best for Madrid, for the people
of Madrid and, of course, for my party.”
Cifuentes’s troubles began on 21
March when El Diario first raised questions about her master’s degree from
King Juan Carlos University in Madrid.
She threatened to sue the site but later
gave up the qualification.
It then emerged that Pablo Casado,
an MP and the PP’s deputy communications chief, had claimed to hold a
postgraduate degree from Harvard but
had only attended a four-day course
in Madrid.
The video leaked to OKdiario
appears to show Cifuentes emptying
her bag in the office of a Madrid supermarket to reveal two jars of Olay cream
– worth €40 (£35) – which she pays for.
The editor of OKdiario, Eduardo
Inda, dismissed suggestions that the
footage had been leaked by Cifuentes’s
own party in an attempt to force her
out and to hold on to power in the
region. “The person who gave us the
video had nothing to do with either the
PP or politics,” Inda told the Spanish
TV programme Al Rojo Vivo.
India
Guru sentenced to life
in prison for raping girl
Literature
Dutch cycling fatalities overtake
motoring deaths as e-bikes boom
The deaths of men aged over 65 using
electric bikes on Dutch roads have
caused the number of cycling fatalities in the country to surpass that of
people killed in cars.
Germany’s biggest music prize is
being abolished after one of this
year’s awards was given to a rap
album allegedly containing
antisemitic lyrics. “The Echo brand
is so badly damaged that a complete
new beginning is necessary,” the
Federal Music Industry Association
(BVMI) has said. The BVMI had
drawn criticism for honouring the
album Jung, Brutal, Gutaussehend 3
(Young, Brutal, Good-Looking 3). In
the song 0815, the rappers Kollegah
and Farid Bang say their bodies are
“more defined than Auschwitz
prisoners”. Both rappers have said
they reject antisemitism.
Philip Oltermann Berlin
Palestinian writer wins
prize for Arabic fiction
PHOTOGRAPH: BRENDON
THORNE/GETTY IMAGES
Brussels
Germany
Music awards scrapped
after antisemitism row
An Indian court has sentenced a
guru to life in prison for raping a girl
of 16 when she visited his retreat in
Jodhpur with her mother in 2013.
The verdict against Asaram Bapu,
77, was read out inside a prison in
Jodhpur, Rajasthan state, owing
to fears that his followers might
become violent. Security was tight
around the prison and in states
where the guru has a following.
It is the latest high-profile rape
case in India, following others that
have fuelled public protests and
raised questions about how police
handle allegations and treat victims.
Bapu’s spokesman said he would
appeal. AP Delhi
Australia
remembers
A woman
waves the
Australian
flag on Anzac
Day in Sydney
yesterday. A
ceremony was
also held in the
UK to mark the
landing in 1915
of Australian
and New
Zealand troops
on the shores
of Gallipoli.
Daniel Boffey
In brief
Figures from the Netherlands’ central bureau of statistics show a near
doubling of deaths on e-bikes in the
last 12 months, three-quarters of
which involved men of 65 years or
over. In 2017, 206 cyclists were killed,
17 more than in 2016 and the highest
number in 10 years. The same year 201
people lost their lives in cars.
A quarter of the cyclists were on
e-bikes, which have an integrated electric motor to propel them to speeds of
about 20mph.
As of 2017, approximately 294,000
e-bikes had been sold in the Netherlands. Sales in the UK have lagged,
although recent market research suggests 62% of those have been sold to
people over the age of 55.
Peter van der Knaap, director of the
Dutch Road Safety Research Foundation, said older men were too confident
in their ability not only to cycle at the
speeds e-bikes make possible but also
to mount or dismount the bike.
“We know that simple accidents,
including fatalities, can often be attributed to bad road surface,” Van der
Knaap said. “We should not underestimate how many accidents happen
among the elderly when getting on and
off an e-bike. Such a bicycle is heavier
than a regular one … some older people
do not take into account that their own
physical possibilities are reduced.”
Jaap Kamminga, from the Dutch
cycling association, the Fietsersbond,
said: “Of course, every dead person is
one too many. But if you look at how
much more we have all started cycling,
especially the elderly, then the Netherlands can congratulate itself.”
The Palestinian writer Ibrahim
Nasrallah has won the International
Prize for Arabic Fiction with The
Second War of the Dog, a novel
hailed by the judges as “a masterful
vision of a dystopian future in a
nameless country”. Along with the
$50,000 cheque (£36,000) – one
of the richest prizes in fiction – he
has also been awarded funds for an
English translation of the novel.
The book focuses on Rashid, who
transforms from an opponent of the
unnamed regime into a materialistic
and unscrupulous extremist. The
judges said Nasrallah reveals the
“intrinsic savagery” of humans in a
futuristic world. Danuta Kean
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:34 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
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Section:GDN 1N PaGe:35 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
Thursday 26 April 2018 The Guardian
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•
35
FTSE 100
All share
Dow Indl
Nikkei 225
-
-
-
-
1.1449
1.3936
7379.32
4059.93
23958.22
22215.32
+0.0016
-0.0028
46.08
27.03
65.91
62.80
£/€
£/$
Investor outrage fails to halt
Persimmon’s £75m payday
Rupert Neate
Wealth correspondent
Persimmon shareholders yesterday revolted against the £75m bonus
handed to the housebuilder’s chief
executive, Jeff Fairburn, describing
it as “grossly excessive” and “totally
and utterly unjustifiable” .
Several shareholders at Persimmon’s annual meeting in York stood
to express their outrage at the “enormous sums” awarded to Fairburn and
other senior managers at Britain’s second biggest housebuilder.
Some 64% of shareholders failed to
support the payout, and just 36% voted
in favour of the housebuilder’s renumeration policy in one of the biggest
expressions of investor frustration in
recent years.
However, the pay policy was
approved because nearly a third of
shareholders abstained and of those
who voted, 51.5% cast in favour.
Euan Stirling, head of stewardship
at Aberdeen Standard Investments,
one of Persimmon’s biggest shareholders with a 2.3% stake, said the payment
of “such excessive amounts” had tarnished Persimmon’s brand. He said
Fairburn’s offer to reduce his bonus
from his legally entitled £110m to £75m
“does not even get close to acceptable”
and that being the chief executive of
a FTSE 100 company “requires a personal motivation that goes beyond
simply amassing a fortune”.
“Regardless of any moral or societal
duties, company directors have a legal
responsibility to act in the best longterm interests of the company that
employs them,” Stirling said. “Today’s
remuneration results suggest the executive directors at Persimmon have
lost sight of that because the longterm success of the company is being
endangered by the reputational damage associated with excessive pay.”
Fairburn collected the first £50m
worth of bonus shares on New Year’s
Eve and will collect the remainder of
his award on 1 July. He had been due to
collect a total of £110m worth of bonus
shares, but has agreed to forgo 50%
of the second half of the award following criticism. He has also said he
is setting up a charitable foundation,
but has refused to reveal how much
he will be donating or the causes that
might benefit.
The bonus has been attacked by
politicians, charities and corporate governance experts, who have
Last November, the regulator said it
would take action against secondary
ticketing sites suspected of breaking
the law, and yesterday said StubHub,
Get Me In! and Seatwave had formally
committed to ensuring better information would be given about tickets
being resold through their platforms.
The three sites will make clear which
seat in the venue the customer will
get; whether there is a risk a customer
might be turned away at the door; and
who is selling the ticket, so customers
can benefit from enhanced legal rights.
The CMA raised the same concerns
with Viagogo and its failure to comply with a commitment given in 2015
to make customers aware of the face
value of tickets. However, the regulator said: “This platform has not
agreed to make changes the CMA
considers necessary. Therefore, the
CMA has notified them it will take
action through the courts, unless
they promptly commit to satisfactorily addressing its concerns.”
Viagogo did not comment. Yesterday, Viagogo’s website said its
top-selling events included forthcoming UK shows by the Rolling Stones,
▲ Fairburn’s award has been labelled
‘obscene’ and ‘corporate looting’
described it as “obscene” and “corporate looting”. Vince Cable, leader of the
Liberal Democrats, said the “scale of
this bonus is obscene” and built on a
government subsidy. “It is reminiscent of the worst excesses of corporate
greed that helped to create the financial crisis,” he said.
Persimmon is one of the biggest
beneficiaries of the government’s
help-to-buy programme, which has
lifted sales and boosted house prices
across the UK.
Fairburn did not respond to the
shareholder outrage at his bonus, leaving Persimmon’s interim chairman,
Nigel Mills, to field the criticism. He
took on the position after former chair
Nicholas Wrigley resigned over his
role in overseeing the bonus scheme,
which was not capped.
Mills said the board was powerless
to force Fairburn and other managers to give up a greater proportion of
their bonuses because of “contractual
entitlements”. He added: “Please let
me take this opportunity to apologise
unreservedly to our shareholders. This
could have all have been handled better. Indeed it should have been. It is a
matter of profound regret that we got
to the position where we had a company with an exceptional management
team, delivering exceptional, marketbeating performance , that has been
overshadowed by a row over pay.”
Viagogo facing
court for failing
‘to protect live
music fans’
Rupert Jones
The secondary ticketing firm Viagogo looks set to be taken to court for
breaching consumer protection laws
after the UK competition regulator said
the website had ignored its demands
to make changes.
The Competition and Markets
Authority (CMA) said it was determined to ensure Viagogo complied
with the law, and was prepared to use
its powers to protect music fans.
Viagogo claims to be the world’s
largest secondary marketplace for tickets to live events, and while it is a major
player in the UK, it gives its address as
a street in Geneva, Switzerland.
The announcement comes five
months after the CMA reported
that its year-long investigation into
the secondary ticketing market had
uncovered widespread concerns about
breaches of consumer law.
The CMA launched its investigation
in late 2016 amid mounting pressure
from the music industry and fans’
groups to address concerns about the
ticket resale industry, which is dominated by Viagogo, StubHub, Get Me In!
and Seatwave, the last two of which
are owned by Ticketmaster.
▲ Best selling events on the Viagogo
ticket website include forthcoming
UK shows by Beyoncé and Jay-Z
PHOTOGRAPH: KEVIN MAZUR/GETTY/COACHELLA
Beyoncé and Jay-Z, and the Dutch violinist André Rieu.
It is not clear whether Viagogo views
itself as a Swiss company that is bound
only by Swiss law. Its website’s small
print states: “This agreement shall be
governed by and interpreted in accordance with the Swiss laws. You consent
to the exclusive personal jurisdiction
and venue of Swiss courts.”
Guardian on
track to break
even this year
as publisher
halves losses
Mark Sweney
The publisher of the Guardian and
Observer halved its losses in the last
financial year and the company is on
track to break even this year.
Guardian News & Media (GNM)
reported a £19m loss in the year to
the end of March, half the £38m loss
recorded in the previous financial year.
The publisher, now in the final year
of a three-year plan to break even,
has cut losses to a third of the £57m
reported when the drive to reshape
the business began. Losses are 25%
better than its target of £25m, owing to
a combination of higher than expected
revenue growth and almost £20m
removed from the group’s cost base.
GNM cut costs by 7% year on year,
from £252m to £235m, including the
first savings from the shift to a tabloid
format in January.
“We are well on track with our threeyear strategy to make the Guardian
sustainable and break even at the
operating level by 2018-2019,” said
Katharine Viner, the editor-in-chief,
and David Pemsel, the chief executive of GNM’s parent, Guardian Media
Group.
Total revenues increased marginally
by 1% to £216m, a second consecutive
year of growth in the face of tough market conditions. The steep decline in
print advertising revenue affecting
publishers was more than offset by
strong growth in digital income and
the rapid growth of reader revenues.
Reader revenues – from contributions, a three-tier membership
programme and print and digital
subscribers – are a core part of the
Guardian’s plans to diversify revenue
streams and reduce reliance on traditional income from advertising and
newsstand sales. More than 800,000
people now financially support the
Guardian, up 200,000 from a year ago.
Reader revenues, including income
from sales on newsstands, now exceed
revenues generated from advertising.
“We enter year three with the goal to
break even, but we still face challenges
and uncertainties. This unpredictability makes sensible financial and
business planning more critical than
ever,” Viner and Pensel said.
The US and Australian operations
performed strongly.
Guardian Media Group incurs additional costs, meaning the overall loss
is likely to be £24m to £25m when the
group reports its annual results later
this year. In the previous financial
year, GMG reported a £45m loss.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:36 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
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•
36
The Guardian Thursday 26 April 2018
Financial
Investigators
raid IMG and
Italian rights
agency in
cartel inquiry
Napoli players
celebrate a goal.
MP & Silva, one
of the agencies
raided, sells the
rights to Italy’s
Serie A league
around the world
PHOTOGRAPH:
STEFANO RELLANDINI/
REUTERS
Mark Sweney
The London offices of the giant international sports rights company IMG
and the agency co-founded by the
new owner of Leeds United football
club have been raided by officials from
the European commission investigating potential sports rights cartels, the
Guardian has learned.
European investigators entered the
offices of IMG and MP & Silva on 10
April as part of a series of raids timed
simultaneously, including at the 21st
Century Fox subsidiary Fox Networks
Group, based in Hammersmith, west
London, and Ziggo Sport, the Dutch
subsidiary owned by Vodafone and
Virgin Media’s parent company, Liberty Global.
IMG, one of the most prestigious
sports rights and management agencies in the world, handles rights
including Wimbledon, the ATP Tennis Tour and production of Premier
League matches in several international markets.
“IMG Media was the subject of an
on-site inspection by the European
commission,” said a spokesman for
IMG. “We are cooperating with the EC
and no further comment will be made
at this time.”
MP & Silva, which has sold TV
rights, including the Premier League
in the Middle East and Italy’s top-flight
football league, Serie A, to broadcasters around the world, was co-founded
by Leeds United’s new owner, Andrea
Radrizzani.
Radrizzani, who bought the club
last year, made a fortune from the $1bn
(£710m) sale of a 65% stake in MP &
Silva in 2016.
He was chief executive of MP & Silva
until 2014 and retains the nominal title
of vice-chairman but it is understood
that he is no longer involved in the
day-to-day running of the business.
However, he does retain a minority stake in MP & Silva, which has 20
offices worldwide and a turnover of
more than $600m.
The EC’s string of “unannounced
inspections”, which are understood to
include the Mayfair office in London
of a second international sports rights
firm, B4 Capital, relate to the alleged
abuse of “anti-trust rules that prohibit cartels and restrictive business
practices” in the sports rights market.
The raid on the offices of MP & Silva
and B4 Capital may be linked to the
sale of Serie A broadcast rights.
Last year, Italy’s competition
authority, AGCM, launched an investigation over alleged collusion between
the two sports rights agencies and IMG
over the sale of international broadcast
rights to Serie A.
The AGCM said that it “suspected
that the intermediaries have, since
2009, put in place behaviour that
would alter the outcome of the proceedings initiated by Lega Serie A for
the allocation of TV rights to view football competitions in territories other
than Italy”. The companies’ offices
in Italy were raided by the Italian
regulator.
The European commission, the
executive arm of the European Union,
has not specified which sports rights
deals it is investigating. It said the
raids did not mean that the companies involved were guilty.
“Unannounced inspections are
a preliminary step into suspected
anti-competitive practices,” said the
commission. “The fact that the commission carries out such inspections
does not mean that the companies are
guilty of anti-competitive behaviour
nor does it prejudge the outcome of
the investigation itself.”
MP & Silva declined to comment.
B4 Capital did not respond to a request
for comment.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:37 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
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•
Thursday 26 April 2018 The Guardian
Financial
37
▼ TSB customers reported a host
of problems with their accounts
as the bank’s IT crisis continued
PHOTOGRAPH: PETER MACDIARMID/GETTY
Diesel worries
and Brexit
fears deliver
double trouble
for carmakers
Julia Kollewe
TSB forced to admit it has not
fixed mobile bank problems
Chief had said services were
up and running, but that is
not what customers found
Julia Kollewe
Angela Monaghan
The TSB chief executive was forced
to admit yesterday that problems
persisted with the firm’s mobile and
online banking for a sixth day, after
confidently declaring that services
were back up and running.
TSB said internet banking was
operating at 50% of capacity. Mobile
banking was operating at around 90%
of capacity, the bank said in a statement issued at about 4pm.
Paul Pester, TSB chief executive,
said the bank’s teams were working
“around the clock to fix the problems
that some of our customers are having in accessing their TSB accounts”.
He said the engine room of the
bank was working as it should. “This
means that for the vast majority of our
five million customers, everything is
running smoothly.” He said direct
debits, standing orders, payments
including salary credits, and transfers were working as normal.
“The challenge we are facing at the
moment is that while we know everything is working, one of the main
ways that our customers see everything is working – through our
internet banking and mobile app – isn’t
functioning as well as it should be, and
‘How can we trust them after this?’
Guardian readers’ experiences
Matt from south Wales is on holiday
in the Canary Islands and has
been unable to pay for goods and
services
“My card was declined in a
restaurant I went to and I had to
walk 50 minutes back to my hotel
as I didn’t have enough money to
pay for a taxi. I tried to contact TSB
via email and on the phone but after
waiting for 40 minutes I couldn’t
wait any longer ... How can we trust
them after this?”
Jules Hawkins, 54, who owns a
Bristol-based leather lingerie
brand, Lux Tenebrae, has been
unable to pay her staff
“I’m going to have to pay them out
of my First Direct personal account,
which will look to HMRC like I’m
paying myself a huge amount of
money when I eventually manage to
reimburse myself.”
Angela from Kent is becoming
concerned about her upcoming
holiday
“We are going away on Saturday
and can’t transfer money from our
savings to buy holiday clothes and
travel money. We didn’t bother
trying to contact TSB as their
phone call waiting time is over
an hour!”
Mark, 54, from Birmingham
was left on hold for three hours
after seeing his account was
showing in US dollars
“My account is showing £40k in
arrears against my mortgage and the
whole account shows in dollars. I
can live with all of that but yesterday
my son couldn’t eat as I couldn’t
transfer funds to his ParentPay
account.”
Jos is on a low income, with no
credit cards or savings accounts,
and is unable to use his debit card
“I have £3.14 in my pocket, my
wife is disabled and we can’t shop
for food. I’ve been able to see my
account details twice on the app
since Sunday – both times the
balance was wrong with credits and
debits to the account missing.”
Sue Capener, 69, is disabled
and lives on her own in Liverpool.
She was expecting her online
food shop to be delivered but her
order was cancelled because of a
declined payment
“I usually get a shop in on Monday
but TSB wouldn’t release the funds.
I can’t go out and I have no family
to help me. Instead I’m sitting here
answering calls about my bills not
getting paid.” Rachel Obordo
for this I’m truly sorry,” he added. “I
can appreciate how frustrating this
must be for our customers.” He reiterated that no one would be left out
of pocket.
A spokesperson for TSB said customers who were having trouble
accessing the mobile app should shut
it down completely and then reload.
Regulatory scrutiny of the IT crisis, one of the biggest for years in
Britain’s banking sector, has intensified. The Financial Conduct Authority
said it had a small team in place at TSB,
“assessing the situation”.
The bank is facing a potential multimillion-pound compensation bill and
regulatory fines for the crisis, which
began on Friday when TSB started a
move of 1.3bn customer records from
its former parent company, Lloyds
Banking Group, to a platform built by
TSB’s Spanish owner, Banco Sabadell.
Small businesses were unable to pay
salaries or manage transactions, while
some account holders found all their
direct debits had disappeared and
others reported that their cards were
declined when shopping, and phone
banking users reported long delays.
‘We’re working
round the clock to
fix the problems. I
can appreciate how
frustrating this must
be for our customers’
Paul Pester
Chief executive
Car production in Britain suffered a
double-digit slump last month, amid
widespread industry concern over
falling diesel sales and the impact of
Brexit on exports.
The performance, which was partly
weather related, prompted the Society
of Motor Manufacturers and Traders
(SMMT) to repeat its call for continued
membership of the EU customs union.
The number of cars built in UK factories in March fell 13% from a year ago to
141,471 vehicles, the SMMT reported.
Manufacturing for the domestic
market tumbled 17.7% last month,
while the number of vehicles made for
export fell 11.9%. Eight out of 10 of the
cars produced in the UK, which hosts
factories owned by a range of manufacturers including Nissan and BMW,
are exported.
Some automotive companies were
hit by the bad weather in March when
the “beast from the east” brought large
parts of the UK to a standstill. Blizzards
and freezing temperatures disrupted
car production because some workers were unable to get to work, and
the supply of parts was also affected.
Production in the first quarter of
the year fell by 6.3% compared with
the same period in 2017, with 440,426
cars rolling off production lines. While
demand from overseas customers fell
4% between January and March, this
was dwarfed by the 14.1% decline in
manufacturing for the UK market.
Mike Hawes, SMMT chief executive,
said: “Following recent announcements on jobs cutbacks in the sector,
it’s vitally important that the industry and consumers receive greater
certainty, both about future policies
towards diesel and other low emission technologies, and our post-Brexit
trading relationships and customs
arrangements.”
Carmakers are responsible for 13%
of the UK’s exports in goods. The customs union is a particularly sensitive
issue for the industry because some
car parts cross the Channel multiple
times as part of the manufacturing
process.
However, this week Downing Street
reiterated the government’s commitment to leaving the customs union.
17.7%
Decline in car manufacturing for the
domestic market last month; export
manufacturing fell 11.9%
13%
The contribution of carmakers to
the United Kingdom’s overall
exports of goods
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Section:GDN 1N PaGe:39 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
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•
Thursday 26 April 2018 The Guardian
National
39
▼ Costa, which has 2,400 coffee
shops, could fetch £3bn; Whitbread
is currently valued at about £8bn
PHOTOGRAPH: RICHARD GARDNER/REX
Business view
Nils Pratley
A pay cut to £75m? More
fund managers need to get
off the fence at Persimmon
H
Costa to split from
Premier Inn after
investor pressure
Angela Monaghan
Whitbread is to spin off its Costa Coffee chain from the rest of the business,
which includes Premier Inn hotels,
after pressure from activist investors.
It said the demerger of the UK’s biggest coffee chain would be completed
within two years, allowing shareholders to invest in “two distinct, focused
and market-leading businesses”.
Activist investors have built up
stakes over the past year and argued
Whitbread would be best split into
its two component parts, Costa and
the Premier Inn hotel and restaurant
chains – including restaurant brands
such as Brewers Fayre and Beefeater.
Shares have underperformed the
stock market, reflecting the fact that
the two businesses are distinct and
would be better off as separate entities, according to some investors.
Laith Khalaf, a senior analyst at
the investment company Hargreaves
Lansdown, said: “Coffee shops and
hotel rooms don’t make natural bedfellows, so splitting off Costa Coffee
from Premier Inn makes sense for
Whitbread. The breakup will provide
each of the two emerging companies
with greater strategic focus on their
own goals, and will allow investors
50,000
Employees at Whitbread. ‘Coffee
shops and hotel rooms don’t make
natural bedfellows,’ one analyst said
Overseas growth fuels second
profitable quarter for Twitter
Dominic Rushe
It has taken 12 years but Twitter is
finally turning into a regular money
maker. The social media company
reported its second profitable quarter yesterday, driven by a 10% rise in
users and faster growth overseas.
Twitter has struggled since it went
public in 2013, and user growth slowed
dramatically. But while its US base is
still declining, it appears to have found
a rich source of international growth.
In its first quarter of 2018, Twitter’s
revenue – mainly from advertising
– rose 21% to $665m (£477m) compared with the same period a year ago,
comfortably ahead of analysts’ expectations. It posted a profit of $61m,
compared with a loss of nearly $62m
in the same quarter of 2017.
Twitter’s daily active users (DAU)
rose 10% while monthly user numbers
rose 3% to 336m – 69m in the US and
to choose which of the two distinct
brands they want exposure to.”
Costa, which has 2,400 coffee
shops, could be valued at about £3bn.
Whitbread has a market value of about
£8bn and employs 50,000 people.
Alison Brittain, Whitbread’s chief
executive, said the time was now right
for a split, partly because both businesses had established good growth
prospects abroad.
She conceded that pressure from
two investors, the US hedge funds
Elliott Advisors and Sachem Head,
had encouraged the board to bring
forward the announcement about the
demerger, to provide clarity for shareholders and employees. Costa will be a
separate listed company, while Whitbread will remain the owner of Premier
Inn, the UK’s largest hotel chain.
Brittain said the two-year timeframe reflected the enormously
complex process of separating the two
businesses, which share, among other
things, IT systems, a pension deficit
and £1.8bn of loan facilities with banks
and bondholders. “If it can happen
before April 2020, then that’s great,”
she said.
Whitbread also published results
for the year to the end of February.
Revenue rose 6.1% to £3.3bn, with pretax profit up 6.4% at £548m.
267m overseas. The company added
5m tweeters outside the US and 1m in
its home market.
Twitter struggled for years to make
a profit, and its internal problems led
to a mass exodus of executives and
layoffs. Its co-founder Jack Dorsey
rejoined the company as chief executive last May and the company set a
goal of “driving towards” profitability. Advertising revenue rose 21% to
$575m over the quarter, with strong
growth in Asia.
As with its peers, Twitter is facing
a backlash over the misuse of its platform by parties spreading fake news
and hate speech. Twitter said it would
increase staff numbers by 10-15% this
year as it seeks to tackle the issues.
ow did the
housebuilder
Persimmon get
away with paying
its chief executive,
Jeff Fairburn, a
£75m share bonus? One answer is
that too few City fund managers
are willing to follow the example of
Euan Stirling of Aberdeen Standard
Investments and state the bleedin’
obvious – that a chief executive of
a public company sometimes has
to put the interests of the business
ahead of his personal desire to
become immensely rich.
Stirling’s address to Persimmon’s
annual meeting was admirably
furious. The reduction in Fairburn’s
bumper payday from £110m to
£75m “does not even get close to
acceptable”, he said. Directors have
a legal responsibility to act in the
long-term interests of the employer,
he argued, but Persimmon’s
executives were endangering
success by linking the company’s
name with “grossly excessive” pay.
Note his wider point: executives
grumble about interfering regulators
and politicians but invite attention
when they breach their duty to do
the right thing for their businesses.
This will affect “all their corporate
peers”.
He’s completely right, of course.
The Persimmon saga has been a
shambles from start to finish. A
technically flawed incentive scheme
should never have been proposed
or approved in 2012. When it spat
out figures that were obviously
absurd, even by modern standards
of boardroom pay, the lucky trio
at the top of Persimmon should
have known that trousering £200m
between them would be damaging.
Yes, the company has been
successful, but the chairman
had just resigned out of shame
and embarrassment over the pay
debacle. The voluntary reductions
that eventually followed from
Fairburn and his two top colleagues
came too late and, as Stirling
suggests, were too small.
Fairburn sat in silence at
yesterday’s meeting, presumably in
the knowledge that the vote itself
was in the bag. The company’s
remuneration report was duly
approved by 74.5m votes to 70.1m,
or a 51.5% majority. Look at the
number of active abstentions,
though – 64.8m. What were those
“no opinion” box-tickers thinking?
They will probably tell
themselves, and their clients,
they were registering a protest
and fulfilling their stewardship
role. Get real: fund managers are
paid to have an opinion and they
justify their princely fees on that
basis. If you can’t get off the fence
when boardroom greed reaches
Persimmon levels, you don’t
deserve to be managing other
people’s money.
There’s no coffee rush
Whether Whitbread – a hugely
successful company since it stopped
brewing beer in 2001 – really needs
to demerge Costa is a moot point.
The coffee shops are doing fine and
the self-serve vending machines
have returns on capital that are off
the charts. There isn’t a business
problem that needs to be fixed.
But it’s true that Premier Inn,
Whitbread’s bigger operation,
and Costa have little in common.
Premier requires lots of upfront capital and is expanding in
Germany. Costa is light on assets
and growing in China. Now that it
is generating enough cash to fund
its expansion, a split is a reasonable
idea if Whitbread’s share price is
labouring under a “conglomerate
discount”, which it probably is.
The real debate is about timing.
Alison Brittain, the chief executive,
reckons up to two years sounds
about right, and knows she’ll be
booed for taking so long. Elliott, the
US activist hedge fund that has been
the chief lobbyist for a demerger,
thinks six months, max, would be
more like it. There will be trouble.
Brittain’s argument for taking
her time sounds fair. Renegotiating
bonds, attributing pension assets
and liabilities, recruiting a new
board and re-wiring the IT are fiddly
jobs. Sure, they could been done
faster if there was an urgent need.
But there isn’t, especially as Costa in
China is still a young operation.
The only reason to rush would
be to suit the short-termist agenda
of Elliott and its hedge fund cotraveller Sachem Head. Brittain
should ignore them. Two bossy
agitators’ demand for instant action
– and a pop in the share price that
may or may not materialise – is not
her lookout. Concentrate on what’s
best for the business.
Situation normal ...
As TSB’s computers have gone
wonky, so has the chief executive,
Paul Pester’s, ability to make sense.
“The challenge we are facing at
the moment is that while we know
everything is working, one of the
main ways that our customers see
everything is working – through our
internet banking and mobile app –
isn’t functioning as well as it should
be,” he said yesterday.
Eh? Surely the website and app
are important components of this
“upgrade”. If they’re on the blink,
everything is not working.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:40 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 25/4/2018 18:39
cYanmaGentaYellowb
•
The Guardian Thursday 26 April 2018
A giant pike burst up out of the water,
opening its long jaws in a great yawn to
display a mean row of jagged teeth
Journal Country diary Page 7
40
Weather
Thursday 26 April 2018
UK and Ireland Noon today
Sunny Mist
Forecast
Fog
Low 5 High 9
1000
London
Lows and highs
Precipitation
Air pollution
Tomorrow
10
Sunny intervals
Around the UK
6
1004
14 45%
Low
45%
Low
12
45%
Low
12
60%
Low
55%
Low
40%
Low
11
40%
Low
11
50%
Low
Manchester
Mostly cloudy
20
Shetland
Inverness
Overcast/dull
Sunny showers
5
12
11
18
12
Birmingham
Moderate
Edinburgh
Sunny and heavy showers
Low 4 High 11
21
1008
Glasgow
Light showers
Saturday
5
Leeds
Newcastle
ca
10
5
Rain
Sleet
Belfast
Light
snow
Slight
11
Newcastle
York
1012
Snow showers
Dublin
12
Heavy snow
Liverpool
rpoo
ol
12
3
Ice
35C
Thundery rain
12
Birmingham
ming
30
Norwich
25
20
Thundery showers
1016
11
14
1
15
L
London
Cardiff
Ca
13
10
X
Dover
5
Temperature,
ºC
0
13
-5
13
-10
Wind speed,
mph
1020
There will be an
occluded front
over northern
Scotland.
L
L
L
L
1000
L
1008
H
1032
1016
H
L
1016
1016
H
1008
L
Warm front
H
Occluded front
L
1008
Trough
Jet stream
A trough of low
pressure will
be approaching
the British Isles
from the west
today.
Average speed, 25,000ft
Direction of
jet stream
110-159kph
160-209
210-259
Around the world
1016
1000
1024
Cold front
6
World weatherwatch
L
1008
1016
10
Cardiff
3
The Channel Islands
1016
4
22
-15
Atlantic front
There will be
periods of rain
across England
on Friday. A
few showers
throughout the
UK on Saturday.
Edinburgh
Plymouth
Moderate
-20
11
Bristol
Nottingham
tting
tt
Atlantic Ocean
260 and above
Forecasts and graphics provided by
Accuweather, Inc ©2018
Hawaii was inundated with more
than half a metre (2ft) of water
in 24 hours, as thunderstorms
deluged the island last week. This
was caused by a plume of low-level
moisture spreading northwards,
which bumped into a strong upperlevel trough. This trough enabled
warm surface air to rise beyond the
average height of the trade wind
inversion, generating instability and
intense thunderstorms. In Kauai,
heavy rains triggered landslides that
isolated communities, with more
than 500 people airlifted to safety.
Fanned by dry, warm and windy
conditions, Oklahoma saw two
large wildfires. The US state is no
stranger to such conditions, but it is
facing a severe drought, and the fires
burned through dry grass, causing
two deaths. Last weekend, a storm
system delivered up to 2.5cm (1in) of
rainfall, helping to contain the fires.
Central and northern India
have been reeling in temperatures
of up to 40C. High pressure over
the Arabian Sea strengthened,
intensifying heat inland, with
night-time temperatures above 27C.
Thunderstorms brought some relief
as pre-monsoon humidity collided
with cold Himalayan air.
Tamsin Green (Met Office)
Algiers
19
Lagos
32
Ams’dam
12
Lima
23
Athens
27
Lisbon
23
Auckland
20
Madrid
25
B Aires
25
Malaga
22
Bangkok
34
Melb’rne
17
Barcelona
20
Mexico C
25
Basra
34
Miami
29
Beijing
27
Milan
26
Berlin
13
Mombasa
31
Bermuda
23
Montreal
10
Brussels
13
Moscow
14
Budapest
20
Mumbai
32
C’hagen
12
N Orleans
24
Cairo
30
Nairobi
24
Cape Town
18
New Delhi
42
Chicago
18
New York
18
Corfu
25
Paris
15
Dakar
24
Perth
25
Dhaka
35
Prague
16
Dublin
11
Reykjavik
6
Florence
26
Rio de J
29
Gibraltar
21
Rome
23
H Kong
27
Singapore
31
Harare
25
Stockh’m
11
Helsinki
12
Sydney
23
Istanbul
26
Tel Aviv
22
Jo’burg
23
Tenerife
21
K Lumpur
32
Tokyo
22
K’mandu
25
Vancouv’r
20
Kabul
26
Warsaw
16
Kingston
30
Wash’ton
20
Kolkata
35
Well’ton
18
L Angeles
22
Zurich
15
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:41 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
Thursday 26 April 2018 The Guardian
Sent at 25/4/2018 18:36
cYanmaGentaYellowb
•
Tennis
Athletics
Damning report
calls for betting
sponsorship ban
New testosterone
rules set to slow
down Semenya
Page 43 Page 46 41
no one without the internet could have foreseen. It will
serve as a reminder that modern football is essentially
a never-ending game of four-dimensional chess, with
clubs expected not simply to navigate the Championship
or wherever they play, but to have a vague idea of which
countries in the world are being accused of ethnic
cleansing or even genocide. Clearly some are struggling
to adapt to these new and complex expectations.
And yet, were there hints Leeds missed? Almost
immediately after announcing the news, the club sent a
second communication, reading: “More information on
travelling to Myanmar will be released shortly and we
advise supporters to wait for further advice.”
Arguably advice was already out there, what with
the Foreign Office website offering comprehensive
warnings on travel to Myanmar. Among other pointers,
this advises avoiding “all large gatherings”, describes
terrorism as likely, and mentions something called Zika
Virus, which turns out not to be a potential midfield
signing. The headline issue, however, is the ethnic
cleansing of the Rohingya, which a tour might be viewed
as legitimising.
T
▲ The Leeds managing
director, Angus Kinnear
(right), announces
details of the club’s
post-season tour in
Yangon on Tuesday
NYEIN CHAN NAING/EPA
Travel sickness
Leeds’ Myanmar
muddle sets football
on another boggling
ethical odyssey
Marina Hyde
B
y the time you read this column, ideally,
it will have been overtaken by fastmoving events involving Leeds United
and the Myanmar regime accused of
ethnic cleansing and multiple human
rights abuses. However, at the time
of going to so-called press, Leeds
had delightedly announced they had
booked a two-match tour of Myanmar, with planned
friendlies in Yangon and Mandalay. The games were
due to take place shortly after the domestic campaign
ends, with the players apparently “very excited for the
chance”. As rewards for a season go it tends toward the
idiosyncratic, though some Leeds fans may have judged
it much deserved.
As the club’s managing director, Angus Kinnear, put
it: “Myanmar is one of the fastest-growing nations in
south-east Asia and is passionate about English football.”
Yes. It’s not everyone’s top line about Myanmar these
days – but I guess Angus isn’t playing Family Fortunes.
Instead his survey said: “They have ambitious goals
for grassroots and elite football development that we
are delighted to be able to support. This tour gives us
an opportunity to meet new fans of football who will
hopefully support our journey back to the Premier
L
League in the coming years.”
Quite a leap, there. Still, you have to admire how
tthe Premier League makes everything about itself,
o
one way or another. Meanwhile if you’re wondering
“
“why Myanmar?” it turns out the Leeds owner, Andrea
R
Radrizzani, owns a telly rights package in the region.
Even so, students of the news cycle may predict this
ttour will soon be abruptly cancelled – an eventuality
hen again this is an age where people
are constantly required to decide on
which source of information to trust.
Clearly there are some who will always
cling to legacy information sources
such as the Foreign Office or the UN. But
others will prefer a fearless alt-source.
Faced with the choice between the
FCO and Leeds for a verdict on Myanmar, they’d go with
Leeds every time. As would Aung San Suu Kyi, I imagine.
Speaking of whom, Leeds’ apparent failure to have
a clue about the local situation is arguably the most
eyebrow-raising Myanmar muddle since Suu Kyi claimed
listening to Dave Lee Travis had been her lifeline in years
of house arrest – only for it later to have transpired she’d
confused DLT with Bob Holness. (Still, what goes around
comes around – it turned out the rest of the world had
confused Suu Kyi with a decent person.)
Anyway it is a tribute to the malarial atmosphere of
modern football that such a tour could be suggested and
get as far as being booked before questions intervened. It
may yet be one of the most eye-catching cultural tours of
Burma since Rambo pitched up in the eponymous 2008
movie, with the aim of rescuing Christian missionaries.
Much has changed since then of
course
– but if only Sylvester Stallone
If you’re
could be persuaded to undertake one
wondering final tour of Myanmar. I’ve heard he
can be quite handy as a goalkeeper.
‘why
though, it would still
Myanmar?’ notUltimately
be the most completely boggling
it turns out football odyssey. The big one is
surely a pre-season tour by the US
the Leeds
soccerball side the Dallas Tornado in
owner
1967, where they managed two draws
in Vietnam (far from the worst US
owns a
results in the country at that time).
telly rights Indeed the Vietnam stops were part
package in of a 49-match, 27-country, sevenmonth tour in which the Tornado
the region were stoned in Singapore – with actual
stones, not cannabis – and missed
a plane from Athens that was later blown up by Greek
Cypriot terrorists.
There’s a wonderful account of the tour on what is
now the FC Dallas website. We’ll play out with the bit
where half the side are marooned overnight in a “jungle
hut” between the Pakistan-India border without food,
water or visas. They eventually barter footballs and shin
pads for some and are led to safety when their guide cuts
a hole through the border fence in the dead of night.
“We truly expected to get shot, or even worse,
attacked by a tiger or some other wild dangerous
animal,” reflected one of their number 50 years on.
“What a sight it must have been. Eleven young, scaredto-death soccer players wearing Texas cowboy hats and
carrying suitcases, entering India through a fence hole.”
Top that, Leeds.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:42 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 25/4/2018 20:22
cYanmaGentaYellowb
The Guardian Thursday 26 April 2018
•
42
Sport
Golf
▼ Shasta Averyhardt, one
of the eight black American
women to have been a
member of the LPGA Tour
It is time to act
over prejudice
on the course
Sport
In brief
Snooker
Robertson joins list of
Crucible casualties
Calling of police to a course
in Philadelphia shows how
much still needs to be done
on racist attitudes in golf
Y
ou do not need to wait
too long to be reminded
how slow golf has been
to evolve in America.
The latest incident
came last weekend
after police were called on a group of
black female golfers in Pennsylvania
who had apparently been playing too
slowly. (If that’s really a crime, most
middle-aged white businessman in
America would have been arrested at
some point in their lives.)
Not that the incident surprises
me. I am a golfer. I have also worked
in corporate America in spaces
where I was the only woman, and
sometimes the only person of
colour. I have developed a thick
skin, and that skin has been tested
with all kinds of ignorance over
the years – some of it, sadly, on the
golf course. Like the time a course’s
general manager told me I could not
take a certain set of stairs because
“these are the white stairs”. A joke,
he said. Or the email I received with
the subject line “Jigga Boo”. Just
one email of many like it. Or the
foursome who paused to watch our
group of black women play out of a
bunker and told us: “We didn’t know
y’all could play like that.” Or the time
I was standing in line at the grocery
store with a Black Girls Golf polo on
and the man behind me said: “Black
Girls Golf? Y’all ain’t gotta ask for
permission to do nothin’ no more.”
I could go on.
Golf’s long history as a game for
rich white men is well documented.
It was not until 1961 that the PGA of
America removed the “caucasians
only” clause from its bylaws, and
we are not so far removed from the
days of official racist policies that
we do not still feel their sting. These
black women paid like any other
member or player, but at this club it
appeared there were different rules
for people of colour.
As the founder of Black Girls Golf,
an organisation I created to provide
a safe space for black women and
girls, I am constantly reminded that
race relations have not made their
way to the golf course. The latest
incident underscores the work that
Black Girls Golf and other grassroots
organisations are doing to create a
more diverse and inclusive space.
The acute lack of representation
of African Americans in golf remains
a problem – Tiger Woods’s dazzling
Only eight black
American women
have been members
of the LPGA tour in
its 70-year history
Racing
Townend battles back in style
on memorable day for Mullins
Chris Cook
Punchestown
A series of supportive phone conversations with Ruby Walsh was one of the
things that helped Paul Townend
shake off a calamitous error on Tuesday and ride three winners here yesterday, a turnaround in his fortunes
that he described as “unreal”.
Working for Willie Mullins is a big
help to anyone; the trainer bagged a
scarcely credible six winners out of
seven races and is now long odds-on
to keep his title as Ireland’s champion. “It’s like fantasy racing,” said
Mullins, who could not remember
having had six winners on a single
card anywhere, never mind the day
of the Punchestown Gold Cup, which
he won with Bellshill. “We came here
under a bit of a cloud but what a reply
from Paul, and from all the jockeys.”
Townend apologised for his blunder on Tuesday, when he steered a
likely winner around the final fence.
“I thought I heard a shout and that
the last fence was being bypassed,” he
said in a statement and refused several
SCOTT HALLERAN/GETTY IMAGES
Tiffany Fitzgerald
ascent still remains an outlier more
than two decades after he burst
on to the world stage – and the
latest incident shines a light on
the industry’s dark and ugly past.
Although I have worked with some
amazing individuals in golf who
share my passion for diversity and
inclusion, there are still remnants
of racism and sexism, and only
eight black American women have
been members of the LPGA Tour in
its 70-year history.For women to
feel safe, respected and welcomed
in golf we cannot accept empty
apologies such as the one Grandview
golf club posted on its Facebook
page. The club wrote: “Our team is
very sorry for any interaction that
may have made any member feel
uncomfortable.”
“May have made”? What
happened on that course goes
deeper than supposed slow play. It
speaks to the way the police have
been weaponised against people of
colour in America. As was shown in
the recent incident at a Starbucks
in which police were called on
two black men who were simply
waiting for a friend, when someone
brings the authorities into what
is essentially a customer service
situation, we are in essence saying
humanity is not recognised. Empty
apologies after the fact do not cut it.
Every golf course has a way
to deal with slow play and every
seasoned golfer understands how
to handle slow players – although
in this case it appears there are
questions as to whether the ladies
were, in fact, playing behind the
pace. Either way, we should be
asking Grandview’s owner how
often the cops are called to the
course for “slow play”. It seems
unprecedented to me.
We should no longer patronise
establishments that claim to
support diversity but which tolerate
its absence. The responsibility
for calling out hypocrisy falls on
all of us, not just black women.
As situations like last weekend’s
arise, each of us is forced to make
a choice about where we stand. As
for Black Girls Golf, we will be on
the side of history that shows black
girls that their blackness and their
womanhood is enough – enough to
play the course like anyone else, and
to demand the respect and dignity
they deserve as humans.
requests to elaborate. Townend’s
mishap on Al Boum Photo looks
bizarre rather than suspicious, on
the available evidence. The Irish Turf
Club said it had seen nothing in the
pattern of betting that would prompt
further inquiry.
The Tizzard clan, trainers of Finian’s
Oscar, have as much reason as anyone
to be sore about what happened, as
Al Boum Photo carried their horse
out of the race. But Joe Tizzard met
Townend at Mullins’s yard yesterday
morning and was reconciled with him.
“It was human error,” Tizzard said.
Townend could also take comfort
from Walsh’s words of support, uttered
over the phone on Tuesday night. The
message, apparently, was: “If this was
an ordinary day in Ireland, you might
be waiting a week for a chance to go
out there and put it behind you. But
the good news is, it’s the Punchestown
Festival and you’ve got good rides in
Grade Ones.” And Townend made the
most of the opportunity.
Chris Cook’s tips
Beverley 1.30 Bogart 2.00 Piccothepack
2.35 Exhort 3.10 Swiss Belle 3.45 Liquid Gold
4.20 Bob Maxwell 4.55 Dark Devil
5.25 Wind Storm (nap)
Warwick 1.40 Mystical Clouds 2.10 Bel Esprit
2.45 Herminator 3.20 Ozzie The Oscar
3.55 Sergeant Brody 4.25 Phangio
5.00 Dream Brother 5.35 Some Boy McCoy
Perth 1.50 Cornerstone Lad 2.20 Mixboy
2.55 The Banastoir 3.30 Highland Fling
4.05 Tiquer (nb) 4.35 Rivabodiva
5.10 Henry’s Joy
Kempton 4.45 Dinsdale 5.15 Wallace Spirit
5.45 Vocaliser 6.20 Kings Ryde 6.50 Remind
Me Later 7.25 Black Mischief 7.55 Port Melon
Chelmsford 5.55 Oregon Gift 6.30 How Far
7.05 Wolowitz 7.35 Mubtasim 8.05 Ower Fly
8.35 Luna Eclipse 9.05 Lacan
Australia’s Neil Robertson became
the fifth former champion to crash
out in the opening round of the
world championship as he lost
against Robert Milkins in Sheffield.
Robertson threatened to stage a
comeback when he won the first
two frames of the second session
at the Crucible Theatre to reduce
his deficit to 6-5. But the off-form
left-hander scored just 36 points in
the next four frames as Milkins made
breaks of 69, 55 and 54 to secure a
10-5 win and book his place in the
last 16. Meanwhile, Mark Williams
produced the highest break of the
tournament so far as he eased into
the second round. Williams, twice a
winner at the Crucible, compiled a
total clearance of 140 on his way to a
10-5 win over Jimmy Robertson. PA
Rugby league
Lo left out because
of police inquiry
Castleford have dropped the Papua
New Guinea winger Garry Lo after
revealing that he is helping police
with an inquiry. The 24-year-old
made his Super League debut in
the Tigers’ 28-12 defeat at Wigan
last Friday and would have been in
line to make his home bow in the
derby against Wakefield tomorrow.
Castleford say they have stood the
player down but did not go into any
further details. PA
Cycling
Eisel has brain surgery
but could return in May
Bernhard Eisel, a key team-mate
of Mark Cavendish, has undergone
surgery to relieve bleeding on
the brain. Team Dimension Data
described the surgery at an Austrian
clinic in Klagenfurt as “successful”,
suggesting he will be able to return
to a turbo trainer in two weeks and
riding on the road in four weeks.
Team Sky’s Geraint Thomas is four
seconds off the lead at the Tour
de Romandie after the opening road
stage. The Spaniard Omar Fraile, of
Astana, held off Sonny Colbrelli in a
reduced sprint after the race leader
Michael Matthews was dropped on a
hilly stage. Slovenia’s Primoz Roglic
is the new leader. PA
Castleford’s Garry Lo
played for Papua New
Guinea in the World Cup
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:43 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
Thursday 26 April 2018 The Guardian
Sent at 25/4/2018 20:24
cYanmaGentaYellowb
•
Sport
Tennis
43
Corruption report
flags up ‘serious
integrity problem’
Sean Ingle
Tennis has been engulfed by a “tsunami” of corruption at the lower levels
of the game involving “serious and
substantial” match-fixing, an independent task force warned yesterday.
The scale of the problem was set out
by Adam Lewis QC, the author of Independent Review of Integrity in Tennis, who said “tennis is responsible for
more suspicious betting than any other
sport”. A survey of 3,200 players at all
levels of the professional game found
that 14.5% had first-hand knowledge
of match-fixing – 464 players in total.
The interim review, published after
a 27-month process that cost nearly
£20m, proposed a number of solutions
to tackle the problem, including banning betting companies from sponsoring tennis and gambling on lower-level
matches. But it insisted the evidence
did not reveal a “widespread problem”
in elite professional tennis or a coverup by the game’s authorities.
According to Lewis, many of the
problems dated back to the International Tennis Federation’s decision
in 2012 to sign a $70m deal with the
data company Sportradar to distribute
live scores from small and intermediate tournaments around the globe.
It meant bookmakers could provide
odds on those matches, particularly
on the lucrative in-play market – and
unscrupulous gamblers had a prime
opportunity which they could exploit.
The report noted: “The panel has
seen little empirical evidence betting
was widespread on the lowest levels
of ITF tournaments before the deal in
2012. But in 2013, the year after the
first ITF-Sportradar contract, 40,000
matches at ITF Men’s Futures and
Women’s 15k and 25k events were
made available to the betting market.
By 2016 that number had increased to
over 60,000.”
Because the Futures events offer
such poor prize money, the report
found that only 336 men and 253
women were able to break even –
and that was before accounting for
coaching costs. It meant that many
players were vulnerable to being
manipulated by fixers. “The nature
of the game lends itself to manipulation for betting purposes,” the report
added. “The player incentive structure
creates a fertile breeding ground for
breaches of integrity. Today tennis
faces a serious integrity problem.”
Umpires were sometimes involved,
too. As the Guardian revealed in 2016,
under the terms of the Sportradar
deal, umpires were asked to immediately update the scoreboard after
each point using their official IBM
tablets. But some umpires deliberately
delayed updating the scores for up to
60 seconds – allowing gamblers to
place bets knowing what was going
to happen next.
That problem has now been tackled
but the report admitted there was “no
simple solution or panacea” to deal
with the many other outstanding
issues. It suggested discontinuing the
sale of official live scoring data at lower
levels of the game would help.
However, Sportradar responded
angrily to this proposal calling it “unrealistic and potentially unlawful”. In
a statement it warned: “Prohibition
simply doesn’t work. Prohibiting data
partnerships will not stop betting, live
or otherwise, on these matches nor
will it remove corruption risk at this
level. Pre-match betting will remain
available and the risk of data fraud
and ghost matches will increase. This
will almost certainly encourage black
market activity.”
The ITF was criticised in the report
for “at times insufficient” investigations around grand slams and the ATP
for not doing more in following up on
a report by Richard Ings’s original
anti-corruption code in 2005. Tennis
authorities say they plan to implement the findings of the final report,
which is scheduled to be published in
the autumn.
Analysis
Kevin Mitchell
Tennis still defending its name
despite review’s warning bells
I
t would be unwise to ignore
the diligence and expertise
of three respected lawyers
who have been investigating
match-fixing in tennis for
more than two years and
concluded yesterday that there was
a “tsunami” of corruption on the
fringes of the game.
Similarly, though, it would be
witless to assume the game is
about to collapse in a steaming
pile of shame. It is a long way from
Centre Court at Wimbledon to
the echoing outposts where only
friends and family are witnesses
to the shenanigans of sinners, a
significant handful of desperate
part-timers masquerading as fulltime professional athletes, who have
JOSEP LAGO/
AFP/GETTY IMAGES
No progress for Novak The former world No 1 Novak Djokovic suffered
another early defeat when he lost against Slovakia’s 140th-ranked Martin Klizan
6-2, 1-6, 6-3 in the second round of the Barcelona Open. The winner of 12 grand
slam titles has not made it past the last 16 in five tournaments this year. AP
no qualms about manipulating
the markets to take home what
generally amounts to ill-gotten
pocket money.
What tennis is also defending,
however, is its image, a very
marketable commodity – and it
goes by the generic term, integrity.
The Independent Review of
Integrity in Tennis has deliberated
since February 2016 and was set
up in response to claims in a joint
BBC/Buzzfeed investigation, and
a Guardian probe into corrupt
umpires in the Futures tour. The
review handed down its interim
report in London yesterday.
The panel investigated the
activities of more than 3,000
suspect players, and spent an
estimated £15m shining a light on
all corners of the game. It found
there were no cover-ups or collusion
at the top. But nearly 15% of players
said they had first-hand knowledge
of match-fixing. That is no small
number.
The panel therefore suggested
the International Tennis Federation
withdraw from its £50m sponsorship
deal with the Swiss data collection
company Sportradar – due to end
in 2020 – because its supply of live
scores contributes to the temptation
for players to gamble on matches
beyond the normal scrutiny of
authorities. This created a “fertile
breeding ground” for dodgy betting,
it said.
Part of the problem, the report
said, was the money outside the
main Tour is so poor that only 336
of the men and 253 women players
even remotely break even. That
sounds about right. A tiny minority
of those in this category fall prey
to bookmakers and their charms.
Many of them, though, play just
for the pleasure. While they know
they will never properly “make
it”, they are doing something they
love. It is the same at the top, as
it happens – except that Rafael
Nadal, Roger Federer, Novak
Djokovic and Andy Murray, along
with perhaps another 100 or so
exceptional players, earn so much
they can indulge their love of the
game without worrying about
“extras”. It would, indeed, be a
daft bookmaker who even thought
of asking any established player to
throw a tennis match.
For now, at least, the tsunami
rumbles in the distance. The
forecast is good to fair.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:44 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 25/4/2018 19:07
The Guardian Thursday 26 April 2018
•
44
Sport
Cricket
‘I probably should
have been dropped
from Test side earlier’
Interview
Moeen Ali
All-rounder endured
a terrible Ashes series
and wants to return to
Tests as a batsman but
for now he is learning
how to hit big in the IPL
Ali Martin
Mumbai
W
hen Moeen Ali
was taken aside
by Joe Root in
Christchurch
last month and
told he would sit
out the final instalment of England’s
troubled Test winter, the overriding
emotion that followed was not one
of frustration.
Having never before been
dropped during a 50-cap run in the
side – one that was interrupted only
once by injury – Moeen actually
thanked Root for his honesty and
sticking by him for so long. But by
his own admission, this hook from
the stage should have come sooner.
“When I didn’t play the last Test
in New Zealand it was a relief,” says
Moeen at the Taj hotel in Mumbai
during what is a hectic Indian
Premier League schedule with
his new team, Royal Challengers
Bangalore.
“I could have been dropped three
Tests earlier – I probably should have
been – but Joe said he sees me as a
match-winner and, with 50 matches
of experience, they wanted to give
me a longer run. It was almost like:
‘Right, now I can actually work on
my game and mentally have a break
from the pressure of playing.’ When
it’s my time again, I will be ready.”
But how did it come to this? Only
last year Moeen was the toast of the
England team, with the beaming
smile that sits above a luxuriant
beard dominating the sports
pages during a man-of-the-series
performance against South Africa.
His 252 runs and 25 wickets – the
latter including a hat-trick at the
Oval – was an English record for an
all-rounder over four Tests.
The Ashes, however, was a
different story. Injured in the
buildup, Moeen went on to average
19 with the bat and 115 with the ball
over the course of the 4-0 defeat. His
own appraisal reveals something of
an identity crisis for a player whose
selfless, team-first approach had
seen his role forever in flux.
“I have been up and down the
batting order and it’s difficult.
People don’t always realise that.
If you look at my last 18 months, I
went from batting four and five in
India – scoring two hundreds – then
to No 7 as second spinner at home
before dropping to No 8. When we
got to Australia I was down to bat six,
then went to seven when the series
started. You don’t really know your
role.
“You do your best but I think
I’m going to try and get back in as a
batsman first, spinner second. The
problem is, because I have played
more than others – say if Jack Leach
is in the same team, or Liam Dawson
or Adil Rashid before – I’ll still get
seen as the senior spinner.”
Has he been too nice for his own
good? “I have been told in the past
that’s my downfall but I’d rather be
▲ Moeen Ali heads back to the pavilion after a duck in Auckland last month
STU FORSTER/GETTY IMAGES
cYanmaGentaYellowb
‘I have been
up and down
the batting
order and it’s
difficult.
People don’t
realise that’
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:45 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
Thursday 26 April 2018 The Guardian
Sent at 25/4/2018 19:07
cYanmaGentaYellowb
•
45
Moeen’s miserable winter
DAVID SILLITOE/THE GUARDIAN
First Test vs Australia
Brisbane, 23-27 Nov 2017
Moeen 38 & 40
Second Test vs Australia
Adelaide, 2-6 Dec
Moeen 25 & 2
Third Test vs Australia
Perth, 14-18 Dec
Moeen 0 & 11
Fourth Test vs Australia
Melbourne, 26-30 Dec
Moeen 20 & dnb
Fifth Test vs Australia
Sydney 4-8 Jan 2018
Moeen 30 & 13
First Test vs New Zealand
Auckland, 22-26 Mar
Moeen 0 & 28
too nice, to be honest. I set out in
cricket to make friends. I’d rather
people say they enjoyed playing
with him and he’s a good guy, not
he’s a good player but a bit of a so
and so.”
Moeen has always viewed
himself as a batsman first and only
Root, with 11, and Alastair Cook
(seven) have more than his five Test
centuries since his debut in 2014.
However the 30-year-old talks of his
game “missing something” and he
cannot yet put his finger on it.
Gary Kirsten, the former South
Africa left-hander who is the batting
coach for RCB, is being tapped up for
insight but whatever follows, we all
hope it does not come at the expense
of those buttery drives.
The above could paint Moeen as
a cricketer licking his wounds but it
could not be further from the truth.
Just as he did not get carried away
last year, he is not down now either.
He is loving his time in the IPL even
if a lack of game time hampers his
Test ambitions in the short-term.
“If you asked me to play in the
IPL for free, I would have done,”
says Moeen, whose auction price
of £187,000 was around a seventh
of that of Ben Stokes. “I literally
would have come for the experience,
especially with the players at RCB
like Virat Kohli, AB de Villiers and
Brendon McCullum.
“And I’m wanting to train all of
the time. Even today I have asked
to do some extra time. I think the
IPL has come at a great time, getting
different ideas from new voices.”
Such as? “For example I have
never worked on power-hitting. I’ve
just always batted and when days
have gone my way, it’s been nice.
But with Trent Woodhill, one of
the coaches, I’m learning different
ways to hit the ball. In Twenty20
it’s not always about straight drives
and high elbows. It’s amazing how
far you can hit the ball. I’ve always
been able to hit the ball far but not
consistently like I have in practice
over here. I’m enjoying it so much.”
With that Moeen heads off to his
extra training session. Doubtless
Worcestershire, two defeats from two
upon their return to Division One,
could do with his services and when
it is put to him his first-class absence
means the Pakistan Test series at the
end of May will likely come too soon,
he replies: “It will be tough. But I
know my time will come again.”
Australia trio paid
a big price – Arthur
Andy Bull
Mickey Arthur hopes that Australia’s
recent ball-tampering scandal will
be “a reality check for world cricket”
that makes everybody “sit back and
take stock”.
Arthur, who was the head coach of
Australia between 2011 and 2013 and is
now in charge of Pakistan, spoke yesterday about his disappointment with
the team but also said he felt “really
sorry” for the three banned players –
Steve Smith, David Warner, and Cameron Bancroft. He feels they should
be allowed to play county cricket this
summer because “they were really stupid but have paid a big price already”.
Surrey have said they would be open
to signing Smith and Warner, pending
approval from the England and Wales
Cricket Board.
“Australia always play their cricket
really hard,” Arthur said. “They’ve
pushed ‘the line’. I just want to know
where the line is because I’m not sure
many people do know where that
line is and what it is. They’ve always
played that way but I think it got to a
point where perhaps, hopefully, this
is a reality check for world cricket and
just makes everybody sit back and take
stock. Hopefully something good
comes out if it.”
Actions speak louder than words, of
course, and Arthur will have a chance
to be as good on his in the next few
weeks, during which his Pakistan team
play a Test against Ireland and then
two against England.
Arthur was full of praise for England
yesterday, saying: “It’s a little bit
early to get too controversial.” There
have been plenty of bad-tempered
series between Pakistan and England
although though the last one in Britain, in 2016, was a lot less fractious
than the two before it, which were
marred by ball-tampering and spotfixing scandals.
Arthur is pushing through major
changes in the way Pakistan go about
the rest of their cricket as part of an
World Cup
London
Stadium set
to miss out
Ali Martin
The London Stadium looks likely to
miss out on hosting matches in the
Cricket World Cup next summer.
Fixtures for the 10-team, 50-over
showpiece, which like the 1992 tournament will feature an all-plays-all group
stage leading into semi-finals and the
final, are expected to be announced
today following sign-off by the
International Cricket Council board.
attempt to “resurrect” their Test team
after two years of bad results.
In that time they have beaten West
Indies four times but lost all the other
nine Tests they have played. Which is
one reason why their squad for this
tour is so fresh. It includes seven men
who are 24 or under, and five who have
never played Test cricket before. Altogether the squad have only 242 Test
caps, while Jimmy Anderson and Stuart Broad have more than that between
the two of them. “They are a young
group,” Arthur adds. “There is a lot of
vibrancy in this team. They are fit and
raring to go. This bunch have a first
crack at rebuilding the side.”
There are some conspicuous omissions, such as Wahab Riaz. Arthur has
been blunt about his reasons for dropping him. “He has not won us a game
in two years,” he said this year. He was
just as tough on Kamran Akmal, who
has not played a Test in seven years
but was in the limited-overs side last
‘If you can’t field
you can’t play
for Pakistan’
Mickey Arthur
Pakistan coach
year and has been in superb form in
the Pakistan Super League. “If you
can’t field you can’t play for Pakistan,”
Arthur said. “It’s as simple as that.”
Fawad Alam, who has scored more
than 10,000 runs at 55 in first-class
cricket, also missed out on selection.
He has signed to play with Clitheroe in
the Lancashire League instead.
The chair of selectors, Inzamam-ulHaq, explained that last decision by
saying that he had seen “better players
in the last three years”. One of them
is his own nephew, Imam-ul-Haq,
who is one of the five new boys in the
Test squad. Inzamam explained that
he left the room when Arthur and his
assistant Grant Flower were deciding
whether or not to pick Imam for the
tour. It all means Arthur has come in
for some fierce criticism back in Pakistan, where Abdul Qadir described
him as an “incompetent white man
who has never played Test cricket”
and “someone who was kicked out
by South Africa and Australia”.
Arthur has been too busy working
to worry. He ran a four-week camp
in Lahore before this tour and
the team also have two first-class
games organised, against Kent and
Northamptonshire. But still, Yasir
Shah is recovering from a stress fracture, which means the spin bowling
will be done by the 19-year-old Shadab
Khan. And Mohammad Amir, who is by
far the most experienced of the quicks
in the squad, arrived late because he
had problems getting a visa.
Arthur said: “We are a young team,
a team that’s a little bit short on Testmatch experience but a team that’s
really skilful and talented.”
▲ Mickey Arthur (left) and Inzamam-ul-Haq at practice in Lahore last week
ARIF ALI/AFP/GETTY IMAGES
However, news of certain matches
has begun to seep out of the ICC’s
meetings in Kolkata this week, with
the highly anticipated group game
between India and Pakistan reportedly
scheduled to be played at Old Trafford
on 16 June.
Both this match and England’s
meeting with Australia had been tentatively planned to take place at the
London Stadium in the hope of filling
its 60,000 capacity and setting a record
crowd for a cricket match in the UK.
While the proposed outfield at the
venue met the minimum boundary
sizes for a one-day international,
hosting cricket would have involved
a costly transformation and required
a successful test event this summer.
However, one official has told the
Guardian that at this stage plans to
host cricket at the London Stadium
during the World Cup tournament
look to be “a thing of the past”. A pre-
vious report in the Times suggested
the undersoil heating used by the
current tenants West Ham United
created a problem for the proposed
drop-in pitches.
It means the tournament will revert
to its original 11 host venues over its
46-day schedule: The Oval, Edgbaston,
Trent Bridge, Headingley, Old Trafford,
Taunton, Bristol, Chester-le-Street,
Southampton, Cardiff and Lord’s.
The latter venue is due to host
the final on 14 July, with reserve
days scheduled for this and the two
semi-finals, which are reportedly to be
played at Edgbaston and Old Trafford.
Last month West Indies and
Afghanistan secured the final two
World Cup qualifying places, with
the defending champions Australia,
the hosts England, India, Pakistan,
Sri Lanka, South Africa, New Zealand
and Bangladesh making up the 10
competing teams.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:46 Edition Date:180426 Edition:03 Zone:
Sent at 26/4/2018 0:24
The Guardian Thursday 26 April 2018
•••
46
Sport
Athletics
Football
In brief
Semenya dominance
threatened by new
testosterone rules
IAAF set to introduce limits
that may slow 800m Olympic
champion by seven seconds
Sean Ingle
The Olympic 800m champion Caster
Semenya could run up to seven
seconds slower under new rules
requiring her to lower her natural
testosterone levels to race internationally, a prominent sports scientist
has predicted.
Under rules due to be announced
today by the IAAF, the world athletics
governing body, a separate female classification for an athlete with differences
of sexual development (or DSDs) will be
introduced. Such athletes, including
Semenya, will have to reduce and then
maintain their testosterone levels to no
greater than 5nmol/L by 1 November if
they want to compete in events ranging
from 400 metres to a mile.
The International Association
of Athletics Federations believes
its new rules will “preserve fair
and meaningful competition in the
female classification” because women
athletes with high testosterone have
an advantage of up to 9% over women
with normal levels of testosterone.
The move, which is sure to divide
opinion, was unanimously approved
by the IAAF council last month.
According to the world-renowned
sports scientist Ross Tucker, the
effect will be significant. “If this
policy passes, then I would predict that
Semenya will be five to seven seconds
slower over 800 metres,” he wrote.
“The other really interesting thing
is that, guided by the new IOC transgender policy that lowers the upper
limit for testosterone to 5nmol/L, the
IAAF are setting their limit at 5nmol/L.
It used to be 10. That will slow the
times of these athletes down even
more than it did in the past.”
He told the Guardian: “History suggests Semenya will lose about four seconds to five seconds. Because in 2013
and 2014, when the IAAF were diligent
about ensuring her compliance with
the upper limit at that time (10nM), she
was running 2:00. Now, at 5nM, that
effect will be even larger, I suspect. She
will go from a 1:54 to 2:01-2:03, is my
estimate.”
Semenya burst on to the scene in
2009 when she won the world 800m
title but was then required to take
testosterone-suppressing medicine
by the IAAF in order to compete.
However, in July 2015 the court of
arbitration for sport reversed that rule
when it examined the Dutee Chand
case – allowing inter-sex athletes to
compete without taking testosteronesuppressing medication.
The decisive factor for the Cas
panel in 2015 was whether testosterone above the 10nmol/L threshold
set by the IAAF gave female athletes
a competitive advantage. However
research by the IAAF since then shows
that in certain events testosterone
does make a major difference. An IAAF
report notes that “most females have
low levels of testosterone circulating
naturally in their bodies (0.12 to 1.79
nmol/L in blood); while after puberty
the normal male range is much higher
(7.7 – 29.4 nmol/L). Absent a DSD or a
‘She will go from a
1:54 to 2:01-2:03 is
my estimate’
Ross Tucker
Sports scientist
Rugby union
North makes his decision and
plumps for move to Ospreys
Paul Rees
It took him five months to make up his
mind but the British & Irish Lions wing
George North will be joining Ospreys
next season after signing a national
dual contract.
North made the decision to return
to Wales last November after spending
five seasons at Northampton. He
joined them from the Scarlets, who
had first call on him, but they opted
not to re-sign him. Cardiff Blues and
the Dragons made pitches to the
26-year old, who has scored 34 tries
for Wales in 73 Tests, but he preferred
cYanmaGentaYellowbl
Ospreys, who will be in the European
Challenge Cup next season.
Ospreys announced this week that
Allen Clarke is taking over as head
coach following the sacking of Steve
Tandy in January. “I believe the region
has an exciting future with the structure and recruitment they have put
in place,” North said. “I have worked
alongside the Welsh Rugby Union to
finalise my choice of region and would
like to thank everyone involved.”
Ospreys have fallen behind the
Scarlets in recent seasons and also
been overtaken by the Blues, their
opponents on the final day of the
regular season this weekend at the
Principality Stadium, but joining
Wolves
Mendes’s status
cleared by the league
The EFL has announced that it
is satisfied with the status of the
Portuguese agent Jorge Mendes
at Wolverhampton Wanderers,
following concerns raised by Leeds
United and other Championship
clubs. The league said Mendes’s
involvement – as an agent and as
an adviser to the club and to their
owner, the Chinese conglomerate
Fosun – does not amount to a formal
role. Because Mendes is not a
director nor formally representing
Fosun or controlling Wolves’
dealings the EFL concluded,
following “a comprehensive review
of the detail” Wolves supplied,
that he did not have to be cleared
under its owners and directors’ test,
formerly known as the fit and proper
person test. Now promoted from the
Championship, Wolves’ ownership
structures and relationship with
Mendes will be scrutinised further
by the Premier League, whose
executive chairman, Richard
Scudamore, is understood to have
been asked by at least one club to
bear in mind the concerns raised by
Leeds. David Conn
Scotland
▲ Caster Semenya will have to reduce her testosterone levels by 1 November
Boyd, McGinn and Celtic
pair on award shortlist
SAEED KHAN/AFP/GETTY IMAGES
tumour, no female would have serum
levels of testosterone approaching 5
nmol/L, but individuals with DSDs
can have very high levels of natural
testosterone, extending into and even
beyond the normal male range.”
The IAAF also makes it clear that
science is on its side. In its report it
writes: “There is a broad medical and
scientific consensus that if these individuals are sensitive to androgens (ie,
they have properly-functioning androgen receptors), such very high levels of
natural testosterone can increase their
muscle mass and strength, as well as
their levels of circulating haemoglobin, and so significantly enhance their
sporting potential.
“This evidence shows clearly that
(at least in certain events) DSD athletes
with levels of circulating testosterone
in the normal male range have a very
significant competitive advantage.”
It adds: “To the best of our knowledge, there is no other genetic or biological trait encountered in female
athletics that confers such a huge
performance advantage.”
North at Ospreys next season are two
fellow Wales players, Scott Williams
and Aled Davies.
The Guinness Pro14’s final weekend
before the revamped play-offs involves
a series of derbies. Leinster need a
point in Connacht to join Glasgow in
the semi-finals and enjoy a rest weekend when the quarter-finals, involving
the sides that finish second and third in
the two conferences, are played.
The Champions Cup organisers
have stated that reports Gloucester
have qualified for the tournament next
season having reached the Challenge
Cup final against Cardiff Blues, who
had secured their place through league
position, are premature.
Gloucester, who face Bath at
Kingsholm on Saturday, would miss
out, even if they beat the Blues, if
they finish outside the top six in the
Premiership and Racing 92 win the
Champions Cup final against Leinster
in Bilbao next month having failed to
qualify through the Top 14. That outcome is unlikely, with Racing needing
three points from their final two league
matches to qualify. Should they drop
out of the top six in the Top 14 and lose
against Leinster, they would miss out
on the Champions Cup.
In a bid to incentivise teams to take
the secondary tournament seriously,
the finalists of this season’s Challenge
Cup would have a claim for the final
place in the Champions Cup followed
by the losing semi-finalists, who
would meet in a play-off if they had
not already qualified.
▲ George North is heading home after
five seasons at Franklin’s Gardens
The veteran Kilmarnock striker Kris
Boyd, 34, has been included on the
PFA Scotland player of the
year shortlist. He joins Celtic’s
Scott Brown and James Forrest,
along with the Hibernian midfielder
John McGinn. PA
Russia
Spartak and Zenit fined
over supporter racism
Spartak Moscow and Zenit
St Petersburg have both been fined
for racist chants by their fans after
the latest such incident in Russia.
Spartak’s fans were accused of
aiming monkey chants at the FC
Tosno player Nuno Rocha, who is
black, while some Zenit supporters
allegedly chanted a Nazi slogan
during a league game. The clubs
must each pay a £1,150 fine, and
Spartak have been hit with a partial
stadium closure for their next cup
game. AP
Jorge Mendes was not
considered to have a
‘formal role’ at Wolves
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:47 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
Thursday 26 April 2018 The Guardian
▼ Arsène Wenger believes
Arsenal are not far short of
competing for the league
Sent at 25/4/2018 20:25
cYanmaGentaYellowb
•
Sport
Football Europa League
47
BEN STANSALL/AFP/GETTY IMAGES
Arsenal
Atlético Madrid
Tonight 8.05pm
• Arsenal
Probable: 4-2-3-1
Ospina; Bellerín,
Koscielny, Mustafi,
Monreal; Ramsey,
Xhaka; Özil, Wilshere,
Welbeck; Lacazette
Subs from
Cech, Macey, Iliev,
Chambers, Holding,
Maitland-Niles, Iwobi,
Kolasinac, Mavropanos,
Mertesacker, Nelson
Ineligible
Aubameyang
Injured Cazorla,
Elneny, Mkhitaryan
Semi-final
• Atlético Madrid
Probable: 4-4-2
Oblak; Vrsaljko, Godín,
Gimenez, Lucas; Correa,
Partey, Saúl, Koke;
Griezmann, Gameiro
Subs from
Werner, Dos Santos,
Savic, Sergi, Gabi, Vitolo,
Olabe, Torres, Costa
Injured
Juanfran, Filipe Luís
(probable teams)
Venue Emirates Stadium
Referee Clément Turpin (Fr)
12°
TV BT Sport 2 Radio BBC 5 Live
Former Arsenal player would be
‘better’ successor, says Wenger
David Hytner
Arsène Wenger believes it would
be “even better” for Arsenal if they
appoint a former player to succeed him
as manager at the end of the season. He
also provided the clearest indication
yet that he did not want to step down,
by revealing the timing of the decision
was not down to him.
Wenger was in relaxed mood before
tonight’s Europa League semi-final
first leg at home against Atlético
Madrid – a tie he feels he has to win in
order to avoid an anti-climatic conclusion to his near 22-year tenure.
It promises to be an intriguing contest in which Wenger is set to start
with David Ospina in goal; a surprising
move, given the manager played Petr
Cech in both legs of the quarter-final
against CSKA Moscow.
But, perhaps inevitably, the focus
remained on the fallout from the
announcement last Friday that Wenger
was set to leave his post and the discussion as to the identity of his successor.
The favourite to take over is Luis
Enrique, the former Barcelona manager whose credentials are being
pushed by Raul Sanllehi, Arsenal’s
new head of football relations. Sanllehi
worked with Enrique at Barcelona and
Wenger said he had a “high opinion”
of him. But the merits of the former
Arsenal captains Patrick Vieira and
Mikel Arteta have also been advanced.
Vieira, the manager of New York
City, said yesterday that he was flattered to have been linked. “It’s not
something which will stop me doing
what I am doing at the moment,” he
Sky Bet Championship
Leeds owner defends reasons
for two-match tour of Myanmar
Martha Kelner
The owner of Leeds United has
defended the club’s decision to play
two post-season friendlies in Myanmar, a country accused of ethnic
cleansing and human rights abuses
against its Muslim Rohingya minority.
Andrea Radrizzani, the Italian busi-
nessman who became the full owner
of Leeds last year, has even suggested
the tour may be beneficial in raising
awareness of what the United Nations
has called a “textbook example of
ethnic cleansing”.
Leeds are due to face a Myanmar
National League all-star team in
Yangon, formerly known as Rangoon,
and the country’s national team in
Mandalay next month. This, despite
said. “I don’t want this to be perceived
that I want to go because I don’t want
to leave. But if the question is as simple
as ‘Are you ready to manage any teams
in Europe?’, I would say: ‘I am ready.’”
Wenger has said he will play no part
in the recruitment of the new manager but when asked about Vieira and
Arteta – the latter is a coach at Manchester City – it was interesting to hear
‘I am a bit like a
guy who plays
Russian roulette
every week’
Arsène Wenger
Arsenal manager
the club being fully aware of the
violence that has caused 700,000 of
the Rohingya population to flee the
country in the past eight months.
“I have spent over 10 years living in
Asia, and Myanmar is a country I have
visited on many occasions,” Radrizzani
said. “I am aware of the serious issues
within the country but I also know that
it is a beautiful place filled with incredibly warm and welcoming people.
“This was a carefully considered
decision and we knew it would be
controversial but this is about people
not governments. It has never been
my intention, nor that of the club, to
get involved in a political debate in
Myanmar. However, if because of the
the 68-year-old endorse the notion of
a former player, even if they might be
less heralded in managerial terms.
“The need is to make the right decision, even if you have to be bold,”
Wenger said. “Is it former people that
worked here? That is even better. But
there are many players who had qualities. Some of them are in the job. I don’t
influence that choice but I will stand
behind the decision.”
When Wenger and the club made
the announcement that they would go
their separate ways, the understanding was he had jumped before he was
pushed.
The club’s hierarchy had become
increasingly worried about the team’s
poor Premier League performance
and the chief executive, Ivan Gazidis,
offered a telling line last Friday evening. “There’s been a conversation,
Arsène has made his decision and now
that process [regarding a successor]
begins,” Gazidis said.
Wenger was asked yesterday why he
was quitting when he had another year
to run on his contract. “The timing was
not really my decision,” he replied.
Arsenal later argued that Wenger’s
comment related to the release of
tour we further highlight the ongoing serious issues in certain areas
of the country, then maybe that is a
positive thing.”
The violence committed against the
Rohingya people has centred on the
Rakhine province in the north, where
entire villages have been razed and
horrific acts committed by the military.
‘I am aware of
the serious issues
in the country’
Andrea Radrizzani
Leeds United’s owner
the announcement rather than the
decision. “After reaching agreement
about my departure, I was happy for
the club to decide when to announce,”
Wenger later said in a statement. “I
wish to make it clear the timing of the
announcement was right.”
He also made it plain he intended
to seek another job in management
– “I will continue to work, that’s for
sure” – but he suggested he might need
a period of reflection. “I had no break
for 35 years. In our job – you can look
around – that doesn’t exist. I don’t
know now how addicted I am. I am a
bit like a guy who plays Russian roulette every week and suddenly has no
gun any more. I will see how much I
miss that gun.”
There were moments of levity,
including one when Wenger predicted
the club would have no shortage of
managerial applicants. “That shows
you the place is a good place. Green
outside, nice trees, good grass. Fantastic. No pollution. Until the press
conference starts.”
The broader point Wenger sought
to make was his successor would have
a wonderful chance to be successful
because he had helped to create such
a powerful squad and club. The hurt
of the looming separation is clear.
Wenger continues to feel the urge to
justify himself and his record. “I am
convinced in the future, with two
or three additions, this team has the
quality to fight for the title.”
Wenger listed his greatest regret
as the 2006 Champions League final
defeat against Barcelona, which had
come after a couple of highlights – the
wins over Real Madrid and Juventus.
Leeds’ tour will be sponsored by
AYA, a Myanmar private bank implicated in the ethnic cleansing. But
Radrizzani denied there was any
financial incentive. “The club is not
receiving any fee to play,” he said.
“Rather I see this both as a personal
initiative to support local football
and a way to introduce the name of
Leeds in the fastest growing country
in south-east Asia.”
Some Leeds players are understood to be wary of travelling and the
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
guidance is to “check travel advice
before travelling”.
Marina Hyde Page 41 Section:GDN 1N PaGe:48 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 25/4/2018 19:48
The Guardian Thursday 26 April 2018
•
48
Sport
Football Champions League
Milner the mule thrives
as lead creator through
enduring diligence
Midfielder enjoys late-career
bloom by playing much as he
always has, providing calm
behind an attacking
king storm
Barney Ronay
S
ometimes the cock crows
at midnight, the cats bark a
dawn chorus and the cow
does indeed jump over the
moon. Just as every now
and then a football statistic
crops up that goes against every
prevailing metric and trend, which
seems not so much an anomaly as a
case of football simply kicking off its
shoes and enjoying itself.
Only the stoniest heart could
fail to be cheered a little by the
news that James Milner is now out
there alone as the most incisive
creative player over the course of a
single season in Champions League
history. Not only has he contributed
more goalscoring assists than
Lionel Messi, Cristiano Ronaldo,
Neymar, Andrés Iniesta and Xavi.
He has done it having played fewer
minutes than all of them, and while
shouldering close to zero creative
expectation, performing in effect
as a defensive midfielder and
occasional full-back.
As Roma wobbled like a boxer
punched out of shape on Tuesday,
Milner’s corner was headed in by
Roberto Firmino to take his own
total to a record nine assists this
season in world football’s premier
club competition. This probably
should not be happening. Milner
himself was moved to tweet a
typically wry response (‘Funny that I don’t like anyone assisting me with
the dishes’) to Uefa’s celebration of
this achievement, in the process subreferencing and also contradicting
his own Boring Milner persona (do
keep up).
And yet there it is all the same,
tribute to Milner’s underrated
precision at set pieces, his fine,
accurate crosses with both feet, and
indeed to Liverpool’s own strikingly
well-drilled team dynamic. All this
with a second leg in Rome and quite
possibly a final in Kiev to come. For
Milner these are some hard-earned,
late-breaking high notes to a career
spent close to, but often a little in
the shadows of, the main stage.
Milner does not start every week
for Liverpool. He probably would
not have faced Roma if Emre Can
were fit. But he is now unavoidably
central to Jürgen Klopp’s plan for the
remainder of the season following
Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain’s knee
injury in the first half at Anfield.
cYanmaGentaYellowb
As things stand Liverpool will face
Roma, Chelsea and quite possibly
Real Madrid or Bayern Munich
with only Jordan Henderson, Gigi
Wijnaldum and – yes – Europe’s
deadliest provider of assists to fill
the central midfield.
Not that this should be a concern
judging by Tuesday night. Milner’s
performance against a team who had
beaten Barcelona last time out was
good enough to earn him a 7.5 rating
from the notoriously sniffy Gazzetta
dello Sport, below only Mohamed
Salah and Roberto Firmino. And yet
there is still an element of doubletake to Milner’s presence as a key
part of the finest attacking display
at this stage of the Champions
League since Bayern’s World Cup
winners-in-waiting walked through
Barcelona’s era-defining club team
five years ago.
Perhaps the most intriguing part
of the current Milner Supremacy is
that there are no obvious changes
to his game. This is not an act of
alchemy, the dramatic discovery
of some hidden superpower by
Professor Klopp. At Anfield Milner
was simply himself once again, a
footballer without a turn of pace,
with no eye-catching technical
skills, or obvious extreme qualities
beyond the vital ones of intelligence,
stamina and versatility.
As Liverpool wrestled with
Roma’s power and craft in the
opening 20 minutes Milner was
diligent and compact. As Liverpool
surged into that annihilating Red
Zone midway through the half
Milner was diligent and compact. As
Roma scored two late goals Milner
was still diligent and compact, not to
mention a little unlucky to concede a
late penalty.
He remains Milner the mule, an
endearingly dogged, biddable figure,
approaching each box-to-box shift
James Milner gets
past Daniele De
Rossi at Anfield
A night to remember
Rout of Roma the
latest great European
occasion at Anfield
like a plucky Soviet tractor steadily
ploughing its way to the horizon
and back again. Alongside the more
deep-lying version of Henderson he
provides a vital element of stillness
at the heart of this attacking whirl
of a team. Milner knows where to
stand, where to cover, is free of the
kind of creative ego that might lead
him galloping into the wrong part of
the pitch.
His success points to the best
part of Liverpool’s fine run, to
the primacy of team and system
that has so many players in this
XI performing to their maximum
capacity in bespoke, and perhaps
untransferable tactical roles. Just
as Firmino is the perfect Klopp
centre-forward, with no need to
measure him against others doing
other jobs in other teams, so the
presence of Milner-Henderson at
the peak of European club football
points to the importance of balance
over starrier qualities.
I
n isolation Henderson+Milner
might look a pretty ordinary
collection of footballing
attributes. But just as Klopp
has talked about needing
everyone to push the train,
the players just component parts,
so Milner and Henderson are the
perfect piston engine behind the
whistles and sparks and steam
of that eye-catching attack. This
is probably the best explanation
for those assist stats too, a sign
not of individual brilliance but of
a functioning and indeed highly
specialised team. Milner’s job in that
midfield three is to close the space,
to get the ball and to give it to the
people who score the goals.
Should Liverpool make it to Kiev
no doubt some will suggest Milner
might be tempted from international
retirement, that a midfield two that
can perform at such a level might
just be England’s best bet in Russia.
This would be to misunderstand
the best parts of Milner’s success
in the Champions League. Were
England looking to replicate the
Liverpool style, to play fast-pressing
shock-metal football then it might
well be an ideal fit. But England play
slowly under Gareth Southgate. This
is lounge-jazz football, a carefully
geared style that requires if anything
a little acceleration in midfield.
Instead the lessons of late Milner
are the primacy of the system,
the value of versatility and those
hard-won game-management skills.
And beyond that of a player who, like
a footballing version of late-career
Johnny Cash, is fashionable once
again simply by walking at the same
speed, doing the same things,
waiting for the right team, the
right moment to take shape
around him.
May 1965
Shankly’s
men storm
to victory
Goals from
Roger Hunt,
Ian St John
and Ian
Callaghan
defeat Inter
3-1 in first leg
of semi-final
CENTRAL PRESS/
HULTON ARCHIVE/
GETTY IMAGES
‘The past is cruel’ How Italy’s press reacted
Maurizio Crosetti La Repubblica
“The past is cruel, with long nails.
Roma found it suddenly on top
of her, flesh torn by ‘Mo Sala’, as
they call him here. It was like being
caught in a story written by Stephen
King, who had been sleeping badly
due to indigestion, and who got up
to start writing instead.”
Luigi Garlando Gazzetta
“When you finish up beneath a train,
and you come out of it with just a
few broken bones, you almost feel
lucky. That 5-2 final scoreline almost
looked beautiful, after risking an
historic rout. Now Roma can repeat,
like a mantra: ‘Three goals at the
Olimpico and we’re through.’”
Davide Stoppini
Gazzetta dello Sport
“Salah was sold for €42m before
bonuses. The same player went past
the 42-goal mark against Roma:
almost as if to demonstrate that
he is worth more, much more, too
much more.”
Fabio Licari Gazzetta
“The numbers cannot tell the full
story. Salah looked like Messi set
to double speed.”
Gianni Mura La Repubblica
“This Roma team was too broken
to be true. How many times do
miracles repeat themselves?”
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:49 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
Thursday 26 April 2018 The Guardian
Sent at 25/4/2018 20:04
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•
49
April 2018
Hail
Caesar
Salah
April 2016
Lovren
seals late
comeback
Liverpool’s
Egyptian king
delivers a
spellbinding
display in a
5-2 semi-final
first leg win
over Roma
Defender’s
injury-time
header turns
3-1 deficit into
a stunning
4-3 triumph
over Borussia
Dortmund
CLIVE
BRUNSKILL/
GETTY IMAGES
MATT WEST/
BPI/REX/
SHUTTERSTOCK
Dec 2004
Captain
Marvel to
the rescue
April 2018
City sunk
by rapid
treble
Steven
Gerrard’s late
strike downs
Olympiakos
to put Rafael
Benítez’s
side on track
for glory in
Istanbul
Sadio Mané
completes a
19-minute,
three-goal
rout of Pep
Guardiola’s
soon-to-be
champions
PAUL BARKER/AFP/
GETTY IMAGES
Analysis
Andy Hunter
Klopp stokes
Liverpool fire
to be ready for
Roma revival
The awe and wonder from a
remarkable Anfield night has not
diminished the day after. Fifteen
minutes to play in a Champions
League semi-final and Jürgen
Klopp thinks of Stoke. Almost 60%
remains of a tie to decide the cream
of Europe’s elite and it is Bruno
Martins Indi, Erik Pieters and Mame
Biram Diouf who enter the Liverpool
manager’s head as he withdraws
Mohamed Salah to safeguard against
injury. What’s more, he admits
it too. “I’m not thinking of one
game,” Klopp said. The thought was
justified, and another measure of
Liverpool’s command over Roma.
Respite from Salah is temporary.
Uefa ranked Liverpool the No 1
team in Europe in February 2009
based on a five-year period of
success and consistency under
Rafael Benítez. A month later they
revelled in a 4-0 destruction of Real
Madrid that took them into the
Champions League quarter-finals,
JOHN POWELL/
LIVERPOOL FC
VIA GETTY IMAGES
following a semi-final appearance in
2008, a runners-up spot in 2007 and
the ultimate triumph in 2005.
Klopp’s Liverpool cannot compare
with that body of work in only his
second full season as manager. His
team have, however, reached a level
of exhilarating attacking brilliance
in this Champions League campaign
that their predecessors would envy.
And just like the quality of Salah’s
goals, they are improving.
The 5-2 first-leg romp over Roma
made it 38 Champions League goals
this season for Liverpool. With 10
apiece, Salah and Roberto Firmino
share the record for most goals in a
European campaign by a Liverpool
player. Along with Sadio Mané, they
form the most prolific forward line
in the competition – 28 goals and
counting. And Liverpool have scored
in each of their six European away
fixtures this term.
Roma’s obligation to attack in
Oxlade-Chamberlain out
of World Cup with injury
Andy Hunter
Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain will miss
Liverpool’s pursuit of the Champions
League and England’s World Cup campaign with the knee injury sustained
against Roma.
Jürgen Klopp’s worst fears were
realised yesterday when scans confirmed the midfielder had sustained
knee ligament damage during Liverpool’s Champions League semi-final
first-leg win at Anfield. Liverpool
have not specified the full extent of
the injury or a time-frame for recovery but have confirmed that OxladeChamberlain’s domestic and international campaigns are over.
“Absolutely devastated to have
picked up that injury at such a crucial
time in the season,” he wrote in a Twitter post.“Gutted I won’t be able to play
any further part now in our Champions
League run for Liverpool, and also the
World Cup with England.”
The injury represents a severe
setback for Klopp and the England
manager Gareth Southgate, who was
told of the news in a call from OxladeChamberlain. The Liverpool manager
is already without Emre Can and Adam
Lallana through injury and has only
three established midfielders – Jordan Henderson, James Milner and
Georginio Wijnaldum – available for
the remainder of the campaign.
Liverpool take a commanding 5-2
lead into Wednesday’s second leg in
Rome, where they will be looking to
seal a place in the final in Kiev on 26
May. Klopp’s team also have Premier
League games against Stoke City, Chelsea and Brighton to try to seal qualification for next season’s Champions
League via the domestic route.
“Oxlade-Chamberlain’s season is
over for both club and country due to a
knee ligament injury sustained against
Roma,” the club said in a statement .
“The 24-year-old was assessed by the
club’s medical team on Wednesday
morning and no specific timescale is
being placed upon his return to action
Stadio Olimpico next Wednesday
will whet Liverpool’s appetite for
more. “I learned tonight that we can
win the second leg, too,” said Klopp.
Post-match interviews are framed
by emotion but the contrasting
approaches of the managers in
the aftermath of the first leg also
bodes well for Liverpool’s pursuit
of a sixth European Cup. Eusebio
Di Francesco, the Roma coach,
abdicated responsibility for the
high defensive line and three-man
rearguard that invited Salah to
destroy his former club with one
of the finest individual displays in
Europe that Anfield has witnessed.
It was his players’ fault,
Di Francesco claimed, for losing too
many individual duels and allowing
the Liverpool midfield to launch
the “lethal” breaks that Roma had
focused on stopping in training.
“We don’t need miracles” was the
gist of the Roma coach’s message
at this stage. However, Oxlade-Chamberlain will now begin a rehabilitation
programme to enable him to reach
full fitness again as soon as possible,
returning to action next season.”
Oxlade-Chamberlain has flourished
since leaving Arsenal last summer and
his absence will also cost Southgate an
experienced, in-form midfielder. The
injury is likely to strengthen the claims
of Ruben Loftus-Cheek for a place in
the England squad in Russia.
Loftus-Cheek played in England’s
friendlies against Brazil and Germany
in November having made an impressive start to his loan spell at Crystal
Palace from Chelsea. He was then
sidelined by an ankle problem after
hobbling out of a defeat to Arsenal
in December and missed over three
months of the season before returning
for Roy Hodgson’s team at Huddersfield Town last month.
The 22-year-old has started Palace’s
last three games and Southgate went to
check on his match fitness at Watford
on Saturday. The England manager is
a firm admirer of Loftus-Cheek and
would have considered him for the
World Cup without Oxlade-Chamberlain’s injury, although the loss of
the Liverpool man greatly improves
his prospects of featuring in the squad
for Russia.
▲ Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain looks
mournful as his right knee is assessed
as he inevitably invoked their
quarter-final comeback against
Barcelona. As others quickly
pointed out, Liverpool achieved a
level of dominance over the Italian
side on Tuesday that the Spanish
league leaders never did.
Klopp took a different line
to Di Francesco by accepting
responsibility for a scoreline that
Liverpool would have embraced
before kick-off. “If someone wants
to say it is my mistake they scored
two goals because I changed the
striker I have no problem with that,”
he said.
The real result of Salah’s exit
was to limit Liverpool to five. Just
the five goals, in a Champions
League semi-final, and with Alex
Oxlade-Chamberlain adding to an
ominous injury list Klopp had every
reason to protect the forward line
that is slicing through Europe.
On to Stoke.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:50 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 25/4/2018 21:59
cYanmaGentaYellowb
•
50
Sport
Football Champions League semi-final
Real edge
towards
final after
Asensio’s
killer blow
57’
Asensio
punishes
Bayern
Marco
Asensio (left)
was on target
as Real’s
counterattack
led to a vital
second away
goal
JAVIER SORIANO/
AFP/GETTY
IMAGES
The Guardian Thursday 26 April 2018
Bayern Munich
1
Kimmich 28
Real Madrid
2
Marcelo 44, Asensio 57
Possession
Bayern Munich
60%
Real Madrid
40%
Shots on target
8
5
Total attempts
13
6
Sid Lowe
Allianz Arena
“The Champions League releases
special powers in Real Madrid,” Toni
Kroos had warned and there may be no
power greater than the ability to survive, to always emerge, bruised perhaps but never beaten. Under pressure
for so long, they left the Allianz Arena
a step closer to a third consecutive
Champions League final. As they left,
exhausted, Bayern Munich’s players
struggled to grasp what had happened,
defeated by their great rivals for a sixth
successive game.
What had happened was this: goals
from Marcelo and Marco Asensio overturned Joshua Kimmich’s opener to
give Real Madrid a 2-1 away victory.
Mistakes defined this game as much as
talent did, and Bayern made more of
them. They started the night attacking
and they ended it attacking too, but
Madrid are a club who consider this
competition their own, aware that
there is always a chance. And there
always is.
Bayern’s first chance came after
only 25 seconds, when the ball sat up
for Robert Lewandowski. What came
next was hit too hard to be a pass and
too horizontal to be a shot. The tone,
though, appeared to be set.
It didn’t last, and nor did Arjen
Robben. Forced off after just eight
minutes, his departure did not just
▲ Bayern’s
Joshua Kimmich
opens the
scoring despite
the presence of
Raphaël Varane
CHRISTOPHE STACHE/
AFP/GETTY IMAGES
mean a change of personnel, but a
change of shape. There was more
misfortune for Bayern when Jérôme
Boateng had to make way, too. And
yet Bayern enjoyed much of the ball
in those opening minutes and by then
they had taken the lead.
James Rodríguez’s ball sent Joshua
Kimmich racing away up the right, and
into the area. Lewandowski ran with
him, Madrid’s centre-backs after him
and their goalkeeper perhaps preoccupied with him because as Kimmich
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:51 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
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Sent at 25/4/2018 22:00
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•
51
slowed slightly, Keylor Navas seemed
to edge towards the centre. Instead
of crossing, Kimmich hit the ball hard
from a tight angle sending it flying past
Navas in at the near post. Bayern had
the lead and very nearly doubled it
immediately, a swift robbery sending
Lewandowski dashing clean through
straight from the kick-off, only for
Raphäel Varane to step across him.
Franck Ribéry should have doubled
it soon after, when Thiago Alcántara
gave him the ball, alone inside the
area only for his second touch to be
astonishingly bad. And yet there was
still a sense that Bayern were not
entirely comfortable here. That said,
nor were Madrid in what was a game
of surprising imprecision for two such
talented teams. When Madrid had
the ball, they created little, although
Cristiano Ronaldo headed one wide.
Mats Hummels’s touch was almost
as bad as Ribéry’s had been a few
minutes before, as he nearly gifted
a chance to Luka Modric and then
booted a simple pass straight out of
play. Then he thumped a free-kick
all the way through to Navas, born
it seemed of a lack of ideas about
what to do with it. Soon after, he was
involved again, volleying over from
seven yards.
Despite the imprecision, chances
came and the greater nerves were
those of Madrid. Kimmich and Ribéry
made a chance for Thomas Müller, running in, to hit on the bounce, only for
Sergio Ramos to block a shot that was
goalbound. Then, five minutes from
a half-time whistle they were willing
the referee to blow, Madrid scored.
Ramos’s diagonal ball across was
headed back by Dani Carvajal and Ronaldo leapt, seeking an overhead kick.
He made no contact but he did put
off Javi Martínez, who backed away,
letting the ball bounce, and Marcelo
struck a superb shot into the corner
from 20 yards. How things change.
When the clock reached 45 minutes
the sensations were different, although
they could have shifted again. Bayern
had three chances in additional time
at the end of the first half. Rodríguez’s
free-kick, curled long into the area,
found Lewandowski leaping seven
yards out, but while he kept the header
down he could not guide it towards
either corner, the ball going straight
at Navas. Next, Ribéry ran beyond
Carvajal, clipping his cross to the far
post. With Müller running in, Marcelo
intercepted to head away. From the
corner, Lewandowski was there again.
His header just evaded Müller on he
post. As he fell, the Pole complained
that he had been held.
The score was good now for Madrid
but the performance was still a cause
for concern and Zinedine Zidane
replaced Isco with Marco Asensio. Ten
minutes later, he had given them the
lead, scoring a hugely significant goal.
It came from a corner – for Bayern.
Lewandowski nodded the ball down
inside the six-yard box, but no one was
there and it was cleared. The ball came
out to Rafinha on the halfway line
whose dreadful pass was intercepted
by Asensio, who slotted it into Lucas
Vázquez, two against one now, running into an enourmous space, Sven
Ulreich at their mercy. Vázquez gave
it back and Asensio finished superbly.
Bayern could barely believe it.
Ribéry, relentlessly running at Carvajal
until the full-back was forced to withdraw injured, led Bayern’s bid to turn
this round. In the absence of Robben,
it was up to him.
Twice he drew saves from Navas,
before Müller and Lewandowski got
in each other’s way as the ball dropped
a metre from the line. Ronaldo had
the ball in the net but it was ruled
out because he had controlled with
an arm.
Still Bayern searched, but there
was no way through, Madrid waiting,
resisting, every ball into the box sent
sailing out again. With three minutes
to go, Lewandowski was free in the
area, the ball slipped through to him,
but he clipped his shot wide. The flag
was up, anyway. So, too, was time.
Bayern Munich
4-1-4-1
Ulreich; Kimmich,
Boateng (Süle 34),
Hummels, Rafinha;
Martínez (Tolisso 75);
Robben (Alcántara• 8),
Müller, Rodríguez,
Ribéry•; Lewandowksi
Subs not used
Starke, Wagner, Bernat,
Rudy
Real Madrid
4-3-3
Navas; Carvajal (Benzema
67), Ramos, Varane,
Marcelo; Modric,
Casemiro• (Kovacic 83),
Kroos; Isco (Asensio h-t),
Ronaldo, Vázquez
Subs not used
Casilla, Vallejo, Bale,
Hernández
Referee B Kuipers (Neth) Attendance 70,000
Analysis
Nick Ames Allianz Arena
Uncomfortable flashback for
Bayern as Madrid’s masters
make them suffer again
I
t was Thomas Müller,
contorting himself to swipe
at an open goal from a matter
of feet midway through the
second half before missing
the ball completely, who
confirmed the impression that the
die had been cast. Over-familiarity
could have bred contempt between
two such practised, garlanded
powers; instead a chess-like opening
30 minutes gave way to a see-sawing
and at times pinball-esque affair
that, for all its apparent concessions
to chance, came to appear eerily
familiar.
Barely a year has passed since, in
a quarter-final first leg at the same
venue, Bayern Munich threatened
to put Real Madrid to the sword
before falling to a mixture of their
own profligacy and their visitors’
gumption. The pattern repeated itself
almost to the letter here; nights like
this lend the impression that memory
is as important a tool as any in football
and as a bright Bayern performance
faded, it did not take an overactive
imagination to perceive the ghosts of
failures’ past taunting them.
The Champions League trophy
was pitch-side in the hour before
kick-off, and if that did not seem
presumptuous in itself there had
been little escaping the narrative
that this was the final before the
final. You knew what they meant,
even if Liverpool have probably
done enough to temper any
overconfidence in this tie’s victors.
If Anfield was wild on Tuesday
night then the Allianz Arena, bathed
in golden spring light as the teams
warmed up, was its usual inimitable
Results
▲ Bayern’s Arjen Robben reacts after
going off injured in the eighth minute
has yet to sign a new deal and looks
a fair bet to move on; at 34 there is a
chance this was his last Champions
League appearance and should that
be the case, it was an unworthy end.
Robben would have enjoyed
himself. Real’s left flank was
non-existent when Joshua
Kimmich outfoxed Keylor Navas
to open the scoring and in the
period immediately after that
Bayern buzzed with menace.
James Rodríguez, unwanted by
his opponents, has been a figure
transformed under Jupp Heynckes
– trimmer, zippier, his touch and
occasionally extravagant range
matched by a willingness to put the
yards in.
He and Robben’s replacement,
Thiago Alcântara, wove patterns
and teased black-clad defenders
out of shape; Müller and
Lewandowski provided more
brawn and the former, from one
of several headed chances, should
have done better than nod straight
at Navas before half-time.
By then, though, Real had done
what Real do. There was to be
no Juventus-style miracle from
Cristiano Ronaldo, a harmless firsthalf header and a 48th-minute shot
that squirted out for a throw-in
the sum of his efforts this time,
but in Marcelo he has a team-mate
whose mettle for the big stage goes
under-appreciated. Marcelo had
been exposed during that flurry of
Bayern pressure but, like Kimmich,
made no mistake when the halfchance presented itself.
Marco Asensio’s goal, which
came within moments of another
opportunity for Lewandowski,
thus contained a sense of grim
inevitability. Asensio is not yet a
Real Madrid grandee and certainly
not yet a 30-something; his finish
displayed something of his older
team-mates’ dead-eyed instinct
though and while Müller writhed
and Bayern strained, the spectres
of April 2017 readied themselves.
Snooker
Cricket
BETFRED WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP (Sheffield)
First round: M Williams (Wal) bt J Robertson (Eng) 10-5;
R Milkins (Eng) bt N Robertson (Aus) 10-5;
J Higgins (Sco) bt T Un-Nooh (Tha) 10-7.
INDIAN PREMIER LEAGUE
Bangalore Royal Challengers Bangalore 205-8 (AB de
Villiers 68, Q de Kock 53). Chennai Super Kings 207-5
(AT Rayudu 82, MS Dhoni 70no). Chennai Super Kings
bt Royal Challengers Bangalore by five wickets.
mixture of gravitas and confidence.
This was serious Champions League
stuff for serious Champions League
people: two winning machines,
unabashed in their self-importance
but perfectly entitled to it too.
If the sheer exhilaration of the
previous evening never quite seemed
likely in a meeting of two such
familiar foes, the names on display
provided a comfort blanket. Here,
four minutes in, was a 35-year-old
Franck Ribéry, wagging his finger at
the referee in search of a non-existent
spot kick. There, five minutes later,
was Sergio Ramos stepping out of
defence before crunching through
both Robert Lewandowski and ball,
a premeditated calling card that
temporarily left the centre-forward
in a heap.
This particular collection of old
masters wage battle against one
another semi-regularly, quality
and sheer force of personality
lying behind their ability to rise to
occasions like this, but the day is
nearing when they will yield to the
less familiar. Arjen Robben’s injuryenforced substitution was a stark
reminder that some treasures are best
savoured while one still can. Robben
Tennis
Football
UEFA CHAMPIONS LEAGUE
Semi-final: First leg
Bayern Munich
Kimmich 28
70,000
(1) 1
Real Madrid
Marcelo 44
Asensio 57
VANARAMA NATIONAL LEAGUE NORTH
Brackley Town 1 Chorley 2; Darlington 2 Southport 4;
Nuneaton Town 1 Boston United 1
VANARAMA NATIONAL LEAGUE SOUTH
Havant & Waterlooville 6 East Thurrock United 1
EVO-STIK NORTHERN PREMIER LEAGUE
Mickleover Sports 0 Halesowen 0;
Stalybridge 1 Workington 3
BOSTIK PREMIER LEAGUE
Leatherhead 1 Hendon 2
EVO-STIK SOUTHERN PREMIER LEAGUE
Frome Town 0 Banbury 2; Hitchin 0 Hereford 3
PRESS & JOURNAL HIGHLAND LEAGUE
Deveronvale 5 Fort William 0; Rothes L Brora L
FERRARI PACKAGING LOWLAND LEAGUE
Selkirk 1 Vale of Leithen 1
LIGUE 1
Caen 0 Toulouse 0
Rugby union
PRINCIPALITY WELSH PREMIERSHIP
Bedwas 34 Bargoed 19
(1) 2
ATP BARCELONA OPEN BANCSABADELL (Spain)
Second round: G García-López (Sp) bt K Nishikori (Jpn) 6-3
ret; D Thiem (Aut) bt J Munar (Sp) 7-6 (10-8) 6-1;
G Dimitrov (Bul) bt G Simon (Fr) 6-2 6-1;
M Klizan (Svk) bt N Djokovic (Ser) 6-2 1-6 6-3;
J Kovalik (Svk) bt G Pella (Arg) 6-3 6-3;
A Ramos Viñolas (Sp) bt R Dutra Silva (Bra) 3-6 6-3 6-4;
R Nadal (Sp) bt R Carballés Baena (Sp) 6-4 6-4;
S Tsitsipas (Gre) bt DS Schwartzman (Arg) 6-2 6-1;
P Carreño Busta (Sp) bt B Paire (Fra) 6-3 6-3;
K Khachanov (Rus) bt L Mayer (Arg) 6-4 6-3;
P Andújar (Sp) bt B Fratangelo (US) 6-4 6-3.
ATP GAZPROM HUNGARIAN OPEN (Budapest)
Second round: M Cecchinato (It) bt D Dzumhur (Bos)
6-3 6-1; M Youzhny (Rus) bt Z Piros (Hun) 6-3 6-3;
J-L Struff (Ger) bt A Bublik (Kaz) 6-1 6-4;
L Sonego (It) bt R Gasquet (Fra) 6-4 7-6 (7-4);
A Bedene (Slo) bt M Berrettini (It)
7-6 (7-2) 4-6 6-4.
WTA TEB BNP PARIBAS ISTANBUL CUP (Turkey)
First round: S Errani (It) bt K Flipkens (Bel) 6-3 6-4;
A Krunic (Ser) bt E Makarova (Rus) 1-6 6-1 6-4;
A Tomljanovic (Aus) bt A Van Uytvanck (Bel) 6-3 6-3;
K Bondarenko (Ukr) bt I Oz (Tur) 4-6 6-4 6-0.
Second round: I-C Begu (Rom) bt C McHale (USA) 6-4 6-4;
S Kuznetsova (Rus) bt V Tomova (Bul) 7-5 4-6 6-1;
P Parmentier (Fr) bt Y Putintseva (Kaz) 6-2 2-6 6-3.
WTA PORSCHE GRAND PRIX (Stuttgart, Germany)
First round: V Kudermetova (Rus) bt
C Suárez Navarro (Sp) 7-6 (7-5) 6-2;
A Pavlyuchenkova (Rus) bt M Keys (US) 7-6 (9-7) 5-7 6-4;
Z Diyas (Kaz) bt Crina Witthöft (Ger) 6-3 6-2;
C Vandeweghe (US) bt S Stephens (USA) 6-1 6-0.
Cycling
UCI WORLD TOUR TOUR DE ROMANDIE (Switzerland)
Stage one (Fribourg - Delemont 166.6 km): 1 O Fraile (Sp)
Astana Pro Team at 4hr 3min 42sec; 2 S Colbrelli (It)
Bahrain-Merida; 3 R Costa (Por) UAE Team Emirates.
Selected Other: 15 G Thomas (GB) Team Sky.
General Classification: 1 P Roglic (Slo) LottoNL-Jumbo
at 4hr 9min 16sec; 2 R Dennis (Aus) BMC Racing Team
at same time; 3 G Thomas (GB) Team Sky at 4sec.
Fixtures
Football (7.45pm unless stated)
Uefa Europa League
Semi-final: First leg Arsenal v Atlético Madrid (8.05pm);
Marseille v Red Bull Salzburg (8.05pm)
Vanarama National League North
Spennymore Town v North Ferriby United
Vanarama National League South
Wealdstone v Oxford City
Evo-Stik Southern Premier League
Dunstable v Gosport Borough; St Ives Town v Basingstoke
Bostik Premier League
Kingstonian v Dulwich
Evo-Stik Northern Premier League
Coalville Town v Workington; Shaw Lane v Barwell;
Stourbridge v Stafford Rangers
Rugby union (7.30pm unless stated)
Principality Welsh Premiership
Ebbw Vale v Aberavon; Llanelli v Bridgend
Rugby league (7.45pm unless stated)
Betfred Super League
Salford v St Helens
Cricket (3.30pm unless stated)
Indian Premier League
Hyderabad Sunrisers Hyderabad v Kings XI Punjab
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:52 Edition Date:180426 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 25/4/2018 21:47
cYanmaGentaYellowb
•
Forced out
Wenger claims leaving
Arsenal after 22 years was
‘not really my decision’
Sports newspaper of the year
S
Th Guardian
The
Thursday 26 April 2018
Th
Page 47 Match report
Sid Lowe
Page 50 Bayern
Munich
Real
Madrid
1
2
Kimmich 28
Marcelo 44
Asensio 57
Advantage Real Madrid
Away goals from Marcelo and
Asensio give holders initiative
▲ Marcelo is
mobbed after
scoring the
equaliser for
Real Madrid
against Bayern
in the first leg of
the Champions
League
semi-final
JEAN CATUFFE/
GETTY IMAGES
World Cup agony
Oxlade-Chamberlain out
of finals with knee injury
‘It was a relief’
Moeen opens up on being
dropped by England
Page 49 Pages 44-45 
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