FINAL Wednesday 2 May 2018 telegraph.co.uk No 50,682 £ 1.80 Fashion on Wednesday Plus Perfect skirts for work A Anna Harvey The ultimate bank T holiday wardrobe Style & Features, page 22 Princess Charlotte A mum’s guide to coping with a ‘threenager’ Style & Features, page 21 B R I TA I N ’ S B E S T - S E L L I N G Q U A L I T Y D A I LY news Addictive games a risk to health, says minister Highly addictive video games risk having a “damaging” impact on children’s lives, the Culture Secretary has warned, after parents raised concerns about a hugely popular multi-player “survival shooter”. Matt Hancock made the warning after it was revealed that Fortnite, a video game which pits 100 players against each other and is free to play on mobile phones and games consoles, had been downloaded more than 40 million times since its launch in July last year and had been endorsed by several celebrities. Page 3 news Loophole ‘used to expel skilled migrants’ The Home Office is using a clause designed to deport people deemed national security risks to expel highly skilled migrants for minor tax mistakes. Campaigners believe thousands of people may have been affected after officials refused them the right to remain in the UK because of missed tax deadlines or minor errors. The disclosure follows the Windrush scandal, which cost Amber Rudd her job. Evidence seen by The Telegraph shows caseworkers discussing whether minor infringements could be used against applicants. Page 6 ‘Mrs May decided on a hard border between the Leavers and Remainers’ business Apple buyback boost as iPhone sales leap Apple last night brushed off suggestions that the iPhone party was over as it reported increasing sales and announced a $100bn (£73bn) share buyback. The world’s biggest listed company said revenues in the three months to the end of March grew by 16pc to $61.1bn, leading profits to grow 25pc to $13.8bn. The results beat Wall Street expectations, leading shares in the company to jump in after-hours trading. Reports from Asian suppliers had sent Apple shares falling as investors feared that the latest iPhone models had not sold as well as hoped. Business, page 1 features Allison Pearson When did bringing up a baby become a rich woman’s luxury? ISSN-0307-1235 9 *ujöeöu#yxc,cx* ÊÑËÈ Sixty Tory rebels tell PM customs proposal with EU could ‘collapse the Government’ By Christopher Hope and Gordon Rayner THERESA MAY has been warned the Government will “collapse” if she does not abandon plans for a post-Brexit customs partnership with the EU. Sixty Eurosceptic Conservative MPs from the European Research Group, led by Jacob Rees-Mogg, have sent the Prime Minister a 30-page report detailing their opposition to the plan. No 10 has been told in correspondence that accepting a customs partnership would be fatal because it would mean Mrs May cannot deliver a clean break from the EU and would therefore lose the backing of Brexiteers. Sources have told The Daily Telegraph that the Tory faction will consider withdrawing support for government Bills in Parliament, which would lead to legislative paralysis and put Mrs May’s future as leader in doubt. The threat of rebellion grew when David Davis, the Brexit Secretary, wrote to the Prime Minister, arguing “strongly” against the deal. Mrs May is expected to choose between a partnership and an alternative “highly streamlined” customs arrangement when the Cabinet’s Brexit negotiating sub-committee meets today. Mrs May and Philip Hammond, the Chancellor, are expected to make the case for a customs partnership, but the ERG, which has remained loyal despite a string of Brexit concessions, has made it clear that to pursue that end would cross a red line. One senior minister said the decision would be “a critical moment in our nation’s history”. There are reports that Mr Davis will consider resigning over the issue. Any revolt would be the biggest of Mrs May’s premiership as the ERG memo has made clear the strength of opposition to her plan. One ERG source said: “We have swallowed everything so far – but this is it. If they don’t have confidence in Brexit, we don’t have confidence in them. The Prime Minister will not have a majority if she does not kill off the NCP [New Customs Partnership].” Mr Rees-Mogg added: “The customs partnership is incompatible with the Conservative Party manifesto.” A copy of the report, obtained by The Telegraph, dismantles the argument for such a partnership, which Brexiteers fear will keep Britain effectively in a customs union with the EU after it leaves in March next year. The ERG insists the Government must stick with an alternative arrangement that would use technological solutions and “trusted trader” status schemes to solve the problem of the Irish border. Liam Fox warned he could quit as International Trade Secretary if Mrs May tried to keep Britain tied to the customs union after Brexit. The ERG has spoken out after supporting Mrs May over previous concessions – including the £38 billion bill to leave the EU, as well as surrendering control over fisheries and allowing freedom of movement during the transition period until the end of 2020. A mass meeting of ERG members Continued on Page 2 The Brexiteers’ report: Page 4 Editorial Comment: Page 19 Robin Gravestock, 75, celebrates May Day, the ancient spring festival, in traditional fashion, as the sun rises over Painswick Beacon, Glos. Mr Gravestock and his fellow Morris dancers arrived in pitch darkness, before dancing for an hour from daybreak Cash ruling angers overseas territories By Steven Swinford deputy political editor BRITAIN has prompted a furious backlash from its overseas territories after announcing they will be forced to mount a transparency crackdown in an attempt to stem the flow of “dirty money”. The Government said it would not oppose a cross-party amendment requiring tax havens such as the British Virgin Islands and the Cayman Islands to introduce public ownership registers. It was forced drop its opposition after up to 20 Tory rebels said they would support the amendment, which was also backed by Labour, the Scottish National Party and the Liberal Democrats. The amendment requires Britain to ensure that overseas terri- tories establish publicly accessible registers of the “beneficial ownership” of companies. MPs and campaigners say public registers will make it easier to uncover moneylaundering, tax-dodging and corruption. Ministers had opposed the move amid concerns that the Government could not impose its will on overseas territories. Sir Alan Duncan, a Foreign Office minister, told the Commons: “We do not want to legislate directly for them, nor do we want to risk damaging our long-standing constitutional arrangements which respect their autonomy. “However, we’ve listened to the strength of feeling in this House on this issue and accept that it is the majority view of this House that the overseas territo- ries should have public registers ahead of it becoming the international standard, as set by the Financial Action Task Force.” However, Orlando Smith, the president of the British Virgin Islands, described the crackdown as a “breach of trust”, adding that he was “deeply disturbed”. He stopped short, however, of directly calling for independence. Overseas territories fear the policy will damage their economies, already struggling after a series of devastating hurricanes. He said: “This is a deeply flawed policy. It is not only a breach of trust but calls into question our very relationship with the UK and the constitutional rights of the people of the BVI. We will ensure that this constitutional overreach does not set a precedent and that the rights of the people whom I represent are respected.” Andrew Mitchell, a former Tory Cabinet minister who jointly tabled the amendment, said: “The overseas territories share our freedom. They travel under our flag, and they should also share our values.” Geoffrey Cox, a Tory MP, said ministers had pledged to the Cayman Islands in 2009 not to interfere in their domestic legislation. “By this measure today, we are breaking that promise and it is beneath the dignity of this Parliament to do away with that promise and pledge of good faith,” he said. Rebecca Gowland, of Oxfam, said: “This is great news for the world’s poorest people. Ending secrecy in UK-linked tax havens will help developing countries recoup billions of lost revenue.” Higher earners far more Ecstasy can cure PTSD likely to hit the bottle within weeks, study finds Page 25 Puzzles Obituaries TV listings Weather May warned Brexit deal will sink her Spring in his step PAUL NICHOLLS NEWS BRIEFING By Laura Donnelly HealtH editor 20 29 31 32 HIGH earners such as doctors and lawyers are significantly more likely to drink alcohol than those in manual jobs. Around seven in 10 people who work in managerial and professional jobs had consumed alcohol in the previous week, according to survey data from the Office of National Statistics (ONS). This compares with approximately half of routine and manual workers, which include labourers, bar staff, lorry drivers, receptionists and care workers. The data shows that the highest earners are most likely to drink. Of those earning £40,000 and above, 78.9 per cent said they had drunk in the previous week, compared with 57 per cent of those aged 16 and over across the UK. Young adults aged 16 to 24 were the most abstemious – 23 per cent of this age group were teetotal. England has the highest proportion of drinkers in the UK: 57.8 per cent of adults said they had drunk in the previous week compared with 53.5 per cent in Scotland and 50 per cent in Wales. Dr James Nicholls, director of research and policy development at Alcohol Concern and Alcohol Research UK, said: “A pattern seems to be established in which people who learnt to drink in the Eighties, Nineties and 2000s are carrying their heavier drinking behaviours into middle age; whereas millennials are moving away from an alcohol-centred lifestyle.” By Henry Bodkin TREATING soldiers suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with the drug Ecstasy effectively cures the condition within weeks, according to a new study. Scientists found that administering MDMA improved veterans’ receptiveness to traditional psychotherapy. Psychiatrists last night hailed the results as evidence that using the drug for therapeutic purposes can be effective and safe. Published in the Lancet Psychiatry, the study involved 22 military veterans, three firefighters and a police officer, who had been diagnosed with PTSD. Participants were given doses of the drug that ranged from 30mg to 125mg. After two treatment sessions, 86 per cent of participants in a 75mg group, 58 per cent in the 125mg group and 29 per cent in the 30mg group no longer met the diagnostic criteria for PTSD. Researchers believe exposure to the class-A drug may improve the effect of psychotherapy by engendering feelings of insight and empathy. MDMA is the main active constituent of Ecstasy; both are illegal in the UK. Lead researcher Dr Allison Feduccia, from the Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies in Santa Cruz, California, said: “Our study suggests that MDMA might help augment the psychotherapeutic experiences and may have a role to play in the future treatment of PTSD.” 2 ** Wednesday 2 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph News Senior Tories fear ‘disaster’ in London By Steven Swinford and Christopher Hope THE Tories risk being locked out of London for a generation, Cabinet ministers have privately warned amid concerns that tomorrow’s local elections will be “hugely damaging” for Theresa May’s leadership. Senior Conservatives have admitted that the Tories could be decimated in the capital and lose traditional strongholds such as Wandsworth and Westminster. There is mounting concern that the backlash over Brexit could be compounded by fury over the treatment of Windrush migrants threatened with deportation. A Cabinet source said: “Fundamentally these local elections are an indicator of how the general public think the Government are doing. This is a judgment on the Prime Minister, it has the potential to be hugely damaging. “Even the most optimistic projections look like a disaster. We could be locked out of London for a generation.” Labour already dominates the capital, controlling 20 of London’s boroughs compared to the Conservatives’ eight. However polls have suggested that the Tories will lose heavily with even traditional strongholds Kensington, Chelsea and Hillingdon, the home of Boris Johnson’s seat, at risk. Over the last decade London has increasingly shifted towards Labour, amid concerns that the Tories are failing to appeal to ethnic minority voters. Brandon Lewis, the chairman of the Conservative Party, warned that if Tory supporters fail to get out and vote they will end up with “Bolsheviks in charge of your bins”. He told The Daily Telegraph: “The fact is Conservative councils deliver better local services. And charge less for them. Conservative councils around the country make sure your bins are collected regularly, your streets and parks are kept clean and your roads are repaired. And council tax under Conservative councils is on average around £100 less than under Labour on a Band D home. Jeremy Corbyn’s hard-Left Momentum group are standing candidates across the country as they seize control of the Labour Party. And be in no doubt to what they will bring. “They have called for 20 per cent hikes in council tax, new local income taxes and bin strikes that leave rubbish piling in the street. So if you don’t want to wake up on Friday with Bolsheviks in charge of your bins, get out and vote Conservative tomorrow.” A recent poll suggested that the Tories trail Labour by 22 points in London, although the gap narrowed in the wake of the anti-Semitism scandal and questions over Jeremy Corbyn’s posi- Death duty ‘too easy to dodge and should be scrapped’ Flying visit The Queen arrives at Kensington Palace yesterday to meet Prince Louis for the first time. Her Majesty was flown into the grounds by helicopter from Windsor Castle, before being driven by Range Rover to the palace, where she reportedly spent 90 minutes with her sixth greatgrandchild. By Anna Mikhailova POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT Brexit delays HMRC’s simpler tax return system By Katie Morley and Sam Meadows A DIGITAL revolution in the UK tax system has been postponed as tax collectors and customs officials are too busy preparing for Brexit. The taxman had been trying to end the need for filing traditional returns by 2020. Experts say this is now unachievable. A notice sent out yesterday said the overhaul, which would have led to five million taxpayers filing prefilled forms instead of filling out blank ones, has been put on ice indefinitely. So-called “simple assessments” were being introduced to make the filing process easier. Despite being paperbased, HMRC intended to use the information it already had to calculate the tax owed by citizens, rather than require them to submit a tax return. HMRC said: “We have made the decision to delay plans to release project capability to EU Exit work. This means halting progress on simple assessment and real-time tax code changes. The May to order experts to plan UK satnav system Theresa May will instruct engineering and aerospace experts to come up with plans for the UK’s own satellite navigation system, as a row with the European Union intensified. The plans set out today by Downing Street suggest that Britain could develop and launch its own version of the bloc’s Galileo project by the mid-2020s. It comes in response to the EU indicating that it would not allow the UK to participate fully in Galileo post-Brexit. It is thought the British version of the system would cost approximately the same each year as the UK’s current contribution to the EU’s programme. NHS pays £19m after girl is left brain damaged The NHS has made a near-record £19 million payout to the parents of a girl left brain damaged after jaundice treatment went wrong. The girl, now aged nine, was born at King’s College Hospital, London, with severe jaundice and her lawyers claimed there was a negligent delay in giving her a total blood transfusion. NHS lawyers accepted that there had been “shortcomings” in her care and agreed to the cash settlement. Approving the payout, Sir Robert Francis said: “This is very near to the top end of the scale for a brain injury.” The girl was delivered with high levels of bilirubin – which causes jaundice – in her blood, the High Court heard. Activist ‘tricked into sex’ by officer begins lawsuit An environmental activist tricked into a relationship with an undercover police officer has launched a legal action, seeking prosecution for a string of alleged offences, including rape. The woman, who wishes to remain anonymous, had a six-month relationship with Jim Boyling in 1997 when she was 27. She is now trying to compel the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) to bring a case against him. In 2014, the CPS decided not to prosecute such officers, citing lack of evidence. The woman, known only as Monica, is the first to file a lawsuit challenging this refusal. Gibson guitar maker files for bankruptcy The firm that makes Gibson guitars is filing for bankruptcy protection after wrestling for years with debt. A pre-negotiated reorganisation plan filed yesterday will allow Gibson Brands Inc to continue operations with $135 million (£99 million) in financing from lenders. Gibson guitars have been esteemed by generations of guitar legends. After Chuck Berry died, his beloved cherry-red Gibson guitar was bolted to the inside of his coffin lid. FLYNET PICTURES INHERITANCE tax should be scrapped and replaced by a system that is fairer and harder to avoid, an economic think tank has said. Death duty is a “failed” and “unfixable” tax that does not keep up with modern society, according to the Resolution Foundation. Adam Corlett, senior economic analyst at the think tank, said that inheritance tax “manages the uniquely bad twin feat of being both wildly unpopular and raising very little revenue”. The taxman collected £5.2 billion from inheritance tax in 2017-18, a 53 per cent rise in four years, figures from HM Revenue & Customs show. Despite the increase, IHT still only amounts to 77p of every £100 raised nationally, and just four per cent of estates are subject to it, the Resolution Foundation said. Mr Corlett said: “Rather than tweak our failed inheritance tax system, it should be scrapped altogether.” The think tank has called for the tax to be replaced with a “lifetime receipts tax”, which would typically have lower tax-free thresholds but also lower rates. At the moment, a deceased’s estate is taxed at 40 per cent if it is above £325,000 in value. It rises to £850,000 for couples who are married or in civil partnerships. Homes passed on to children or grandchildren have a higher tax-free threshold of £450,000. Under the proposed new system, each descendant would get their own tax-free allowance of up to £125,000. The tax would be charged at 20 per cent on the amount the individual inherits between £125,000 to £500,000 and 30 per cent above that. This means that an inheritance split between four children would have a tax-free threshold of up to £500,000 – each child would have £125,000 taxfree and pay lower rates above that. The lifetime receipts tax would also apply to gifts above £3,000 a year. tion on the Salisbury attack, Russia and Syria. Baroness Sayeeda Warsi, a former Conservative Party chairman, said recently: “Of course because of the Windrush tragedy we are going to find people who find it difficult to vote for us, but this is much broader,” she said. “I genuinely feel that much of the progress made in the David Cameron detoxification process has been damaged”. Sajid Javid, the new Home Secretary, raised concerns that the Windrush scandal has further damaged the Tories’ popularity. He said: “I do accept that there may be ethnic-minority voters [for whom] that will cause them concern.” NEWS BULLETIN MTD [Making Tax Digital] for Individuals programme has made significant progress, so we’ve laid foundations that will enable us to return to this.” Topping the list of HMRC priorities is building a new customs declaration service which can cope with the expected huge increase in customs declarations after the UK leaves the EU in March 2019. Experts said that although taxpayers would have to wait longer for the simpler system, the delay would likely mean fewer technical problems. So far relatively small numbers of taxpayers have moved over to the system but tax experts have reported issues with inaccuracies with pre-populated data. HMRC also admitted its digital regime had so far resulted in a higher volume of phonecalls from taxpayers needing help. A spokesman said: “It hasn’t all been smooth sailing. We were overly ambitious about the number of customers who would stop contacting us.” Spurned worker jailed after porn site posting Bercow faces new allegations of bullying an aide May’s customs deal would leave Government ‘in mess’ By Jack Maidment Continued from Page 1 has been called for next Tuesday – the day the full Cabinet is expected to sign off on the deal hammered out today by the Brexit sub-committee. Last night Iain Duncan-Smith, the former Tory leader, said opting for the partnership would leave the Government “bogged down in a complete and total mess”. He said: “The customs partnership is a non-starter and that report kills it stone dead. People have gone along with an awful lot of stuff but we are getting to the point when we really have to make clear decisions about what we want, not what the EU wants. “Their use of the Northern Ireland border has been a shameless process by the EU and we should have called it out a long time ago. Now is the opportunity to say [to the EU] ‘enough’s enough’ – you either want to make an arrangement or you don’t.” The report was handed to Mrs May last week by Tory MPs and sent to Sir Jeremy Heywood, the Cabinet Secre- JOHN BERCOW last night faced fresh claims of “bullying” after a former member of his staff said the Speaker of the House of Commons subjected him to angry outbursts and obscene language. Angus Sinclair, a former private secretary to the Speaker, said Mr Bercow’s alleged behaviour made him feel as if the “dignity had been removed” from his role. Mr Bercow faced calls in March to resign after similar allegations were made against him. He has denied all allegations of bullying. Mr Sinclair told the BBC’s Newsnight he had been subjected to mimicry, felt undermined and had a mobile phone smashed on the desk in front of him. He said he was paid £86,250 in 2010 as part of a deal that required him to sign a non-disclosure agreement. Mr Sinclair breached the terms of the agreement in speaking to Newsnight. A spokesman for the Speaker said he “strenuously denies” the claims. tary, Gavin Barwell, Mrs May’s chief of staff, and Julian Smith, the Chief Whip. The document, titled “Memorandum – the New Customs Partnership”, sets out a series of reasons why the Government should not accept it as a way to trade with the EU after Brexit. The memorandum says a customs partnership would prevent the UK from having regulatory autonomy and effectively eliminate the UK’s independent trade policy. It also warns that the inevitable consequence of regulatory alignment is that Britain would not be able to negotiate its own trade deals with non-EU countries. It makes clear how a customs partnership would mean firms would pay higher EU tariffs just to avoid red tape. It adds there are “risks we would reach the next election having not really left the EU, with no deals elsewhere, and with the EU ... running negotiations with third countries with whom we currently have trade agreements through the EU”. A city worker who has been jailed for 16 weeks for posting pictures of a female intern at his workplace on a pornographic website was seeking “21st century revenge”, a judge has said. Davide Buccheri, 25, of Bologna, Italy, acted after being spurned by his victim who turned down his romantic advances. He was ordered to pay £5,000 in compensation to his victim for the seven-month campaign. He was convicted of harassment at Westminster magistrates’ court. is a member of the Independent Press Standards Organisation (IPSO) and we subscribe to its Editors’ Code of Practice. If you have a complaint about editorial content, please visit www.telegraph. co.uk/editorialcomplaints or write to ‘Editorial Complaints’ at our postal address (see below). If you are not satisfied with our response, you may appeal to IPSO at www.ipso.co.uk. The Daily Telegraph, 111 Buckingham Palace Road, London, SW1W 0DT *** The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 May 2018 3 News YouTube stars being paid to promote essay cheat service By Gareth Davies By Steven Swinford and Christopher Hope HIGHLY addictive video games risk having a “damaging” impact on children’s lives, the Culture Secretary has warned after parents raised concerns about a hugely popular multiplayer “survival shooter”. Fortnite, a video game that pits 100 players against each other and is free to play on mobile phones and consoles, has proved hugely popular with children and teenagers. The game is thought to be particularly addictive because it can be played on mobiles as well as games consoles meaning children are able to play it during school time. It has been downloaded more than 40 million times since its launch in July last year and has been endorsed by a raft of celebrities. Dele Alli, the Tottenham and England footballer, celebrated a goal in the FA Cup semi-final with a signature dance from the game. Drake, the US rapper, and a host of American football stars have helped popularise the game with teenagers, streaming themselves playing online and attracting hundreds of thousands of viewers. The popularity of the game has led to concerns that it is dominating chil- dren’s time. Matt Hancock, the Culture Secretary, told The Daily Telegraph: “Too much screen time could have a damaging impact on our children’s lives. Whether it’s social media or video games, children should enjoy them safely and as part of a lifestyle that includes exercise and socialising in the real world. “We’re looking at what more can be done in this area alongside game publishers, developers and other agencies to promote safety and support parents.” The most popular format is Battle Royale, in which 100 players face off against each other initially armed with just a pickaxe, to see who is the last player standing. Since it was released last summer, the game has been available on consoles including Xbox One and PlayStation 4, as well as PC and Mac. It is now available on mobiles. Anne Longfield, the Children’s Commissioner, suggested that the game is “irresponsibly addictive” and urged parents to limit screen time. She said: “Parents have a responsibility to make sure that children know they can turn off their devices, that they don’t need to be online all the time and that their screen time is healthy, well-managed and productive. At the MARK PAIN/PA Addictive games warning over children in the thrall of Fortnite Fortnite, the popular video game, above; Dele Alli, the Tottenham footballer, copies a dance from the game, top left same time, games companies have a responsibility to ensure their products are not sucking in children with addictive features that encourage them to spend all day on their devices, spending more and more money. “I know many parents are really worried about the power some games and apps have over their children’s lives and the way they encourage them to keep buying new features.” The National Crime Agency warned paedophiles could be hijacking the game after one mother from Liverpool claimed her 12-year-old son was offered £50 to perform a sex act. Nigel ‘Many parents are really worried about the power some games and apps have over their children’s lives’ Huddleston, a Tory MP and parliamentary private secretary to Mr Hancock, said: “Game developers must take their responsibilities seriously. They must think carefully about who they are targeting and what messages their content sends. “It appears that children under the age of 12 are playing this game and it concerns me that some parents claim this game is highly addictive and their children’s attitude changes when playing this game. There is a thin line between entertainment and addiction. “I wouldn’t want my 12-year-old son to play this game. I’m concerned that some highly addictive games consume huge amounts of young people’s lives, when that time can be spent on more valuable, real-world activities or on more informative and certainly less aggressive screen time activities.” Epic Games, the developer behind Fortnite, last night declined to comment. ACADEMICS labelled “supersmart nerds” are being paid on YouTube to help students cheat by buying pre-written essays, an investigation has revealed. Popular YouTube stars are making money from publicising the service on Ukraine-based channel EduBirdie, which is responsible for more than 1,400 videos with a total of more than 700 million views. The videos contain adverts promoting the controversial practice, according to a BBC probe. The service gives students from around the globe the option of buying essays as opposed to completing the work themselves. While the act of writing a piece of work is not illegal in itself, the penalties for students can be severe. Sam Gyimah, Universities Minister for England, told the BBC: “It’s clearly wrong because it is enabling and normalising cheating, potentially on an industrial scale.” Depending on the popularity of the channels endorsing the service, the people running them can make hundreds of pounds for each advert, according to the BBC. Among them have been stars such as Adam Saleh and British gamer JMX, who have four million and two and a half million subscribers respectively. A 12-year-old girl who has 200,000 followers was also promoting the service, but all three took their videos which contained the adverts down after the BBC contacted them. YouTube has said it would help creators understand they cannot promote dishonest behaviour, but Mr Gyimah said those involved should be “called out” for abusing their power as social influencers and said the video sharing platform “has a huge responsibility”. He told the BBC: “This is something that is corrosive to education and I think YouTube has got to step up to the plate and exercise some responsibility here.” Around 30 of the channels were in Britain and Ireland. Shakira Martin, the President of the National Union of Students, said: “I think it’s totally disgusting the fact that these type of organisations are exploiting vulnerable young people through getting them to promote something that isn’t good; isn’t ethical.” In a statement EduBirdie said: “We cannot be held responsible for what social influencers say on their channels.” *** 4 Wednesday 2 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph News ‘Why May’s EU customs deal is undeliverable’ Sixty Brexiteers set out why they believe the PM’s proposal would be disasterous for Britain Customs union row By Gordon Rayner and Christopher Hope A 30-PAGE memorandum sent to No 10 by Eurosceptic Conservative MPs sets out in forensic detail why they believe a customs partnership with the EU is “undeliverable”. The 60-strong European Research Group, led by Jacob Rees-Mogg, wants Theresa May to rule out a customs partnership today when she meets her Brexit “war Cabinet” to discuss what customs arrangement with the EU should be. The group insists the Government must stick with a “highly streamlined” customs arrangement which would use technological solutions and trusted trader status schemes to solve the issue of the Irish border. The document says a customs partnership would make an independent trade policy a “practical impossibility”. It says the main purpose of a CP is customs-free circulation of UK and EU goods, which “could not be achieved without the EU demanding regulatory alignment with the EU”. The ERG argues a CP “would end up substantially the same as a full customs union” and therefore Britain would not “take back control” of its trade policy. Customs partnership means no regulatory autonomy Threat to independent trade policy A Customs Partnership (CP) would “eliminate” the UK’s independent trade policy because it would require Britain to be in regulatory alignment with the EU, the document says. Instead of being able to set its own standards and regulations for imports to the UK, Britain would have to ensure all goods were EU-compliant to avoid “leakage” of UK-only imports to the EU. The inevitable consequence of regulatory alignment is that Britain would be unable to negotiate its own trade deals with non-EU countries, the memo says. Wilbur Ross, the US commerce secretary, has said that unless the UK can diverge from EU regulations, it will be unable to sign a free-trade agreement with the US. Other countries’ trade ministers “regard a customs partner- ship and customs union as analogous”, meaning it would “make the execution of an independent trade policy a practical impossibility”. It adds: “Meaningful trade agreements would become impossible” Mutual tariff reductions with trade partners at risk The fact that trading partners in thirdparty countries would have to pay EU tariff rates up front would deter them from agreeing mutual tariff reductions with the UK. Under any free trade agreement, UK exporters would be able to send goods to customers in the receiving country tariff-free, but the partner country’s exporters would have to pay an EU tariff and claim it back as a rebate. “This substantially reduces the appeal of a free-trade agreement with the UK,” the memo says. The EU also has quotas for some imports, so that the import is tariff-free until the quota is filled, making the system even more complicated. Red tape would negate benefits of lower tariffs Brexit is intended to deliver cheaper goods by enabling Britain to negotiate tariff-free deals with third party countries, but the ERG argues that a customs partnership would mean firms would end up paying higher EU tariffs just to avoid red tape. The system would rely on companies paying a common external tariff set by the EU, before claiming back a rebate by proving that the goods had gone to a UK end-user. Often the destination would be unknown, for example in the case of meat that might be imported into Britain and then processed and exported to the EU, making tariffs difficult to calculate. Only the biggest companies would have the capacity to cope with the administrative burden of the system, so small and medium-sized companies (SMEs) would pay the higher tariff to save time, “removing at a stroke any competitive gains for our SMEs”. Britain would continue to be a net contributor to the EU If companies continued to pay the higher tariffs to save time, the EU would be the beneficiary, meaning that Britain would continue to be a net contributor to the EU. Britain would end up being the EU’s “tax collector”, the ERG says, and would be in a “disproportionately disadvantaged position” because it trades a higher percentage of its GDP than any other major EU member. PA No sugar-coating Jamie Oliver, left, and Hugh FearnleyWhittingstall, on College Green after giving evidence on child obesity to the health and social care committee. The celebrity chefs called for the extension of sugar taxes, along with restrictions on the marketing of unhealthy foods, and a ban on junk food advertising on TV before 9pm. MPs ponder takeaways from TV chefs’ recipe for healthier lifestyles By Michael Deacon Y esterday Parliament was graced by a visit from two TV chefs. They’d come to warn the health select committee about childhood obesity. “This is a national security issue,” said Jamie Oliver, sternly. “Today is the first of May,” said Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall. “It’s May Day for the obesity crisis! And you can read the word ‘May’ any way you like!” The committee tittered politely. Mr Oliver has appeared in front of MPs before. For some years, in fact, he badgered them to help parents by introducing a tax on sugary drinks (or, as Mr Oliver called it, “a tax for love”). It finally came into force last month. But he isn’t resting on his laurels. Next, he declared yesterday, MPs should tax unhealthy milkshakes, ban adverts for junk food during The X Factor – and give Tony the Tiger a new job. Crafty advertisers, he explained, used “aspirational superheroes” to lure children into eating unhealthy breakfast cereals. So how about removing Tony the Tiger from boxes of Frosties … and instead, putting him on boxes of Weetabix or Shreddies? The MPs listened in respectful silence. None of them pointed out that Tony the Tiger is a trademark belonging to Kellogg’s, while Shreddies is produced by Nestle, and Weetabix by Weetabix Ltd. But perhaps they just didn’t want to look defeatist. After all, as Mr Oliver told them (more than once): “If you can dream it, you can make it happen.” Diana Johnson (Lab, Kingston upon Hull North) was worried that some shoppers found it hard to resist special offers on junk food. Recently in a bakery she’d seen a woman buying four sausage rolls for £1. Mr Fearnley-Whittingstall looked appalled. Surely the bakery could make a more responsible offer than that. “What’s wrong with three sausage rolls and an apple?” he demanded. “Or three sausage rolls and a small bag of carrot sticks?” Again, none of the MPs demurred. Perhaps they simply thought it was a good suggestion. Or perhaps they were silently picturing the wan little bag of warm lettuce you always find nestling unsolicited at the bottom of your Chinese takeaway order. Had anyone, in the history of human civilisation, ever eaten that wan little bag of warm lettuce? Perhaps a job for an enterprising young Commons researcher. Johnny Mercer (Con, Plymouth Moor View) asked a brave question. “How are you going to reply,” he ventured, “to people who say, ‘This is the nanny state. If I want to eat fatty food, I’ll eat fatty food! That’s why I’m British!’” Mr Oliver was unperturbed. “I believe,” he said graciously, “in the British people.” They would eat more sensibly if they were offered healthier choices, and “good, clear information”. It’s easy to scoff, but Mr Oliver has a habit of getting his way on these things. Just you wait. This time next year, the Coco Pops monkey will be singing, “I’d rather have a bowl of raw quinoa!” Farmers set to be losers in post-Brexit deals with US ture for services” trade-off. Services make up 80 per cent of Britain’s GDP and 44 per cent of its exports. The committee urged the Government to publish a trade policy strategy before beginning negotiations with the US. The policy should “articulate its vision for how the UK will operate as an independent trading nation” and set out Britain’s objectives while addressing how different sectors might be affected,” it said. “The economic benefits of a US deal are presently unproven,” Mr MacNeil added. “Even in ideal circumstances, trade-offs will have to be made to get a comprehensive US deal. Without a By Anna Mikhailova POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT FARMERS stand to be the biggest losers in a post-Brexit trade deal with America. In a rush to secure a deal with the US, agriculture may be traded for good deals for the services sector, MPs on the International Trade committee said in a report to the Commons. Angus MacNeil, who chaired the committee, warned the Government not to make a “catastrophic error” by rushing into negotiations with the US without a full “trade strategy” in place. Deals with the US could mean compromises possibly including a “agricul- 80 pc The contribution to Britain’s gross domestic product made by the services sector, which also accounts for 44 per cent of UK exports trade strategy, we have no idea what these may be. Will the Government, in their rush to secure the future of the UK services sector, sacrifice UK agriculture or manufacturing? What will the Government do to help industries if they are negatively affected?” MPs also warned of the effect a trade deal with the US could have on the NHS. American companies are “particularly keen to gain access to the public health systems of Europe”, according to evidence presented to the committee. “Universal access to healthcare is an accepted fact of life in the UK and must not be compromised by a UK-US agreement,” the committee said. Tory MP accuses Legatum founder of Russia links 96-year-old hopes to become UK’s oldest councillor By Harry Yorke POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT By Francesca Marshall A CONSERVATIVE MP has used Parliamentary privilege to accuse the founder of a pro-Brexit think tank of being a suspected Russian informant under surveillance by the French intelligence services. Bob Seely claimed that Christopher Chandler, the billionaire backer of the Legatum Institute, had been mentioned as an “object of interest” in security files stored in Monaco. The files have allegedly been compiled by French police and intelligence agencies. Mr Chandler, a Maltese businessman, has invested heavily in the think tank and is close to several senior Conservative MPs. The Legatum Institute dismissed the allegations as “complete nonsense”, adding that Mr Chandler had “never been approached at any time by the French or any other authorities regarding Russia and maintains a sterling record of ethical business practices earned over many decades”. It said that it was unclear if the accusation was “officially sanctioned” or “concocted” by a “thoroughly discredited source”. TIM MCGUINNESS/NEWCASTLE CHRONICLE Sketch h If elected, Florence Kirkby will focus on health and education A FORMER headmistress could become the UK’s oldest councillor tomorrow if she wins a seat – at the age of 96. Conservative candidate Florence Kirkby is hoping to be elected in the newly created Manor Park ward in Newcastle upon Tyne. Born in 1921, when David Lloyd George was Prime Minister, Ms Kirkby says her outlook on the world was influenced by the outbreak of the Second World War when she was 18. She said: “It wasn’t until after I retired that I became involved in politics, but those memories have influenced my beliefs.” Ms Kirkby was headmistress at a number of schools and served on the ruling body of Newcastle University. If elected, her main areas of interest are health and education. She said: “Being involved in politics at my age I feel has absolutely kept me young and kept my mind stimulated.” The UK’s oldest councillor is thought to have been Bernard “Claude” Miller MBE, a former Lord Mayor of Plymouth, who retired aged 95 in 2010. *** The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 May 2018 5 News Leith tells of brother’s agony as she backs assisted dying PRUE LEITH has spoken of how her brother died in agony because doctors were afraid of hastening his death. The restaurateur and presenter told how her brother David “suffered months of agony and a horrific death from bone cancer” as she backed a man suffering from motor neurone disease who has brought an assisted dying case to the Court of Appeal. She said: “David’s doctors would not give him enough morphine ‘for fear he’d become addicted’. The real reason, of course, was the fear of being prosecuted for unlawful killing if the extra morphine should hasten his death. “We should not put patients or doctors in this untenable position.” Her brother, who had worked for the RAF and for Leith’s company Good Food, died in 2012 at the age of 74. Having moved to South Africa, he became ill during a visit to England to see his son and daughter. He initially told relatives that he had wrenched his back moving a fridge, but was persuaded to see a doctor and was diagnosed with bone cancer. He became too ill to travel and was eventually forced to refuse antibiotics and allow the pneumonia brought on by his condition to kill him. Leith, a judge on The Great British Bake Off, was speaking as Noel Con- way, a 68-year-old retired university lecturer, began a three-day case at the Court of Appeal. Outlining his case to three senior judges yesterday, Mr Conway’s lawyers said the law as it stands interferes with his rights and that the court must decide whether that interference is “justified and proportionate”. Nathalie Lieven QC said: “The question for this court is not a very generalised one of the morality or ethics of Noel Conway outside Telford Crown Court, from where he is watching the Court of Appeal hearing via video link allowing doctors to assist patients to die. “The question for this court is rather a focused one of whether for this very specific cohort – terminally ill people with less than six months to live – the ban is justifiable because of an impact on the weak and vulnerable.” Mr Conway previously asked the High Court for a declaration that the Suicide Act 1961, which outlaws assisted suicide, is incompatible with Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights, which relates to respect for private and family life, and AARON CHOWN/PA By Olivia Rudgard SOCIAL AFFAIRS CORRESPONDENT Prue Leith, the Great British Bake Off judge, says patients and doctors are being put in an ‘untenable position’. Right, Ms Leith as a child with her brother David Article 14, which protects from discrimination. His case was rejected in October last year, and he is appealing to the higher court to overturn that ruling. Mr Conway is too unwell to travel to London for the hearing, but is watching proceedings over a video link from Telford Crown Court. Sir Patrick Stewart, the actor, also voiced his support for Mr Conway’s case, citing the experiences of a “dear friend” who died from cancer. Mr Conway’s case is supported by Dignity in Dying, whose chief executive, Sarah Wootton, said: “Terminally Bulger’s mother backs killer’s anonymity By Martin Evans CRIME CORRESPONDENT THE mother of murdered toddler James Bulger has opposed a move to strip one of his killers of his cloak of anonymity, warning that the move could lead to vigilante attacks. Ralph Bulger, James’s father, and Jimmy Bulger, his uncle, have launched a High Court challenge aimed at overturning Jon Venables’ right to live under a false identity. Venables, 35, and Robert Thompson were given new identities after they were released from custody in 2001 following the brutal murder of James on Merseyside more than 25 years ago. Denise Fergus said while she understood why her ex-husband had brought the court case, she feared if successful, it might lead to innocent people being hurt. Preliminary details of the legal application by Mr Bulger and his brother were set out in the High Court yesterday, six months after Venables was jailed for three years and four months after police found more than 1,000 indecent images on his computer. Lawyers for Mr Bulger will argue that the original injunction was put in place on the basis that Venables and Thompson were rehabilitated and would not offend again. The hearing was adjourned until next month. ill people like Noel should be shown compassion and respect but instead our outdated laws force dying people into taking drastic measures in order to salvage some control over the end of their lives.” However, The Distant Voices, a disability campaign group which opposes the case, created a “giant graveyard” outside the Royal Courts of Justice to highlight the “danger” of changing the law. Nikki Kenward, a campaigner who has GuillainBarré syndrome, said: “Should Mr Conway win his case it will change my life forever. As a disabled person I am only too aware that some people see me as having ‘no quality of life’.” Archbishop at odds with Pope over Alfie By Olivia Rudgard RELIGIOUS AFFAIRS CORRESPONDENT BRITAIN’S most senior Catholic cleric is at odds with the Pope over the treatment of Alfie Evans, who died last week. The Pope previously expressed support for the parents’ desire to take their child abroad for treatment, but Cardinal Vincent Nichols, the Archbishop of Westminster, backed the doctors. He said: “Wisdom enables us to make decisions based on full information, and many people have taken a stand on Alfie’s case in recent weeks who didn’t have such information and didn’t serve the good of this child.” He told the Polish church’s Catholic information agency KAI: “Alder Hey hospital cared for Alfie not for two weeks or two months, but for 18 months, consulting with the world’s top specialists – so its doctors’ position, that no further medical help could be given, was very important,” he said. “The Church says very clearly we do not have a moral obligation to continue a severe therapy when it’s having no effect, while the Church’s catechism also teaches that palliative care, which isn’t a denial of help, can be an act of mercy. “It’s very hard to act in a child’s best interest when this isn’t always as the parents would wish – and this is why a court must decide what’s best, not for the parents, but for the child.” 6 ** Wednesday 2 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph News Home Office uses minor tax errors to expel migrants Exclusive: Officials used small mistakes to bar skilled workers and label them ‘national security risks’ By Kate McCann and Cara McGoogan THE Home Office is using a clause designed to deport national security risks to expel highly skilled migrants for minor tax mistakes, it emerged last night. Campaigners believe thousands of people could be affected after officials refused their right to remain in the UK because of missed tax deadlines or minor errors. The disclosure comes in the wake of the Windrush scandal, which cost Amber Rudd her job as Home Secretary over her “hostile environment” policy towards immigrants. Evidence seen by The Daily Telegraph shows caseworkers discussing if minor infringements could be used against applicants, prompting fears that the policy has been targeting people who are “easier to remove”. Around 600 highly skilled doctors, engineers, IT professionals and others who have jobs and families and have lived in the UK for years are known to be affected, but the number could be higher. Almost 1,000 applications for indefinite leave to remain, mainly from skilled migrants, have been refused in similar circumstances in just a year, according to a Freedom of Information request. The issue involves clause 322(5), which allows the Government to refuse migrants on national security grounds if they believe applicants have attempted to deceive. Officials are using the clause, meant to remove terrorism suspects and criminals, to demand highly skilled migrants leave because of minor tax mistakes – errors which in some cases had been corrected. Paperwork seen by this paper reveals a conversation in which a caseworker asks whether an applicant’s decision to correct a mistake on a previous tax return could be used against them. They said: “[This] concerns a tax return for 10/11 which he admits to amending. Could we also say this casts doubt on others?” The exchange ends with the caseworker telling a colleague: “We could argue previous error casts doubt on current [tax returns]”. Some of those affected have left the UK. Others are going through the courts to plead to remain after paying thousands of pounds in taxes. They fear they will be unable to return or enter other countries if they are deported because of a refusal on national security grounds. Mustafa Ali Baig, a compliance officer who has lived and worked in Scotland for 12 years, is being threatened with deportation over a tax mistake he made in 2010, which he corrected. He said: “This was a minor error, the same type of thing Jeremy Corbyn has done, but he’s national leader and I’m a threat to national security.” Labour will use parlia- mentary procedure to attempt to force ministers to hand over correspondence regarding the Windrush scandal today. Sajid Javid, the new Home Secretary, has signalled a break from the regime under Ms Rudd and Theresa May, distancing himself from the use of the phrase “hostile environment”. The disclosure raises more questions over whether the Prime Minister’s pursuit of a plan to cut net migration may have prompted officials to scrutinise applications like those of Windrush and highly skilled migrant groups. Alison Thewliss, the MP who raised Mr Baig’s case with the Prime Minister, said: “The Home Office saw fit to classify Mr Baig as a threat to national security. This is absurd and a truly wicked way to treat someone who has lived here for so long, obeyed the law, and contributed a great deal. It is abundantly clear to me that individuals are being unfairly targeted using paragraph 322(5) of the immigration rules.” Victims of the Windrush injustice received an apology from an immigration minister yesterday. Caroline Nokes said the treatment of people with West Indian heritage was an “appalling scandal”, adding: “I wish to put absolutely and formally on record how sorry I am that this has happened on my watch.” u A report yesterday claimed 7,000 foreign students may have been deported amid claims they cheated on tests, when in fact software used to detect such behaviour had failed. Game, set and match for plastic straws at Wimbledon No women’s lavatory raises stink at trans conference By Daily Telegraph Reporter By Olivia Rudgard WIMBLEDON has joined the war against plastic after it said it will scrap straws at this year’s championships. Last year more than 400,000 plastic straws were used during the tournament. However this year, as part of its sustainability approach, the All England Lawn Tennis Club said it will not be using them during the Grand Slam THE National Union of Students has become embroiled in a row after it abolished the women’s lavatories at a trans conference. The NUS’s Trans Steering Group’s Twitter account provoked anger when it announced that the women’s lavatories at the conference in Manchester had been turned into gender neutral facilities, while a men’s lavatory was left unchanged. The annual event was held at a Holiday Inn and according to the group, the facilities included “a disabled toilet with a gender neutral sign, gender neutral toilets (formerly women’s toilets), another disabled toilet and men’s”. Critics said the change discriminated against women. Jane Slavin, an actress who has appeared in Coronation Street and Casualty, said there were “few enough women’s toilets as it is. Even if you disregard the safe space we need more loos because of biology.” Producer and writer Tracy King said: “You made the women’s toilets gender neutral but not the men’s? I doubt that’s legal given your obligation to not give men something you don’t also provide for women.” The Trans Steering Group said: “We weren’t able to make all the toilets gender neutral due to some stipulations by the venue. We didn’t get to choose which toilets it happened to. Delegates debated topics including “transmisogyny and the gender recognition act”. A spokesman for the NUS said the Twitter account was not an official channel so it was unable to comment. 400,000 Creature feature Ian Gartside, a stonemason at Canterbury Cathedral in Kent, prepares a gargoyle he designed and carved as the process begins to install eight new stone creatures – the first to be added to the building in more than 100 years. Start before the age of 10 to become fluent in a language By Henry Bodkin CHILDREN must start learning a second language before the age of 10 if they ever hope to become fluent, the largest study of its kind has found. Scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Boston College studied data from nearly 700,000 language learners and established there is a “critical period” up to the age of 18 where the brain is most receptive. While this period is far longer than researchers previously thought, the data also suggest that there is a relatively young cut-off point before which children must start learning to achieve native fluency. The researchers said that while it is typical for children to pick up languages more easily than adults – a phenomenon often seen in families that migrate to a new country – the trend has been difficult to study in a laboratory setting. Prof Joshua Hartshorne, from Boston College, who led the study, said: “We don’t see very much difference ‘This is a rare opportunity to take a new perspective and see something that other people haven’t’ between people who start at birth and people who start at 10, but we start seeing a decline after that.” Following people as they learn a language over many years has previously been challenging for scientists. In the study, they used a social media questionnaire to obtain snapshots of thousands of people who were at different stages of learning English. By measuring the grammatical ability of people of different ages, who started learning English at various stages in their life, they were able to gather enough data to achieve robust conclusions “This is one of those rare opportunities in science where we could work on a question that is very old, that many smart people have thought about and written about, and take a new perspective and see something that maybe other people haven’t,” said Prof Josh Tenenbaum, an MIT professor of brain and cognitive sciences. Steven Pinker, a professor of psychology at Harvard University, is also an author of the paper, which is published in the journal Cognition. Steady wins the race Paignton Zoo has become the first in Britain to breed one of the world’s smallest and rarest tortoises. The spider tortoise, known as Pyxis arachnoides due to the web-like patterns on its shell, is found around the southwestern coast of Madagascar. It will grow to six inches long. PAIGNTON ZOO/PA event. In February, it was estimated that the UK uses 8.5 billion straws a year, according to the Marine Conservation Society, and plastic straws are one of the top 10 items found in beach clean-ups. Firms such as JD Wetherspoon, Wagamama, Costa Coffee, Pizza Express and Waitrose have all started phasing out plastic straws or offering them on request only. Also announced at a press conference yesterday was the provision of a paper bag option at the Wimbledon shops. In February, the Queen took action on plastic, banning straws and bottles from the royal estates. It is thought that she became personally interested in the problem of plastic after working with Sir David Attenborough on a conservation documentary dealing with wildlife in the Commonwealth. PA The number of plastic straws used during last year’s Wimbledon tennis tournament Boarding pupils don’t waste time in front of screens, says head By Camilla Turner education editor BOARDING school children dominate the world of work because they do not spend hours in their bedrooms “hunched” in front of screens, a leading headmaster has said. Martin Reader, headmaster of the £37,000-a-year Cranleigh School in Surrey, is chairman of the Boarding School Association. At its annual conference in Brighton yesterday, he said: “When people question why our schools dominate the nations’ sports, creative and performing arts, the professions and politics, it is because they have had time to do those things and time with experts to coach them. “Why sit in a car or on a train or a bus for 45 minutes twice a day, or in a bedroom by yourself hunched over homework or a screen? You could be spending those hours rehearsing for a play, having a band practice, spending more time mastering your musical instrument … debating or discussing politics or science or history – whatever is your passion.” Mr Reader made the comments after Justine Greening, the former education secretary, said companies should hire job applicants from struggling state schools rather than Eton, whose grades are “not as impressive”. Sherelle Jacobs: Page 18 The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 May 2018 *** 7 8 *** Wednesday 2 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph FINAL The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 May 2018 9 News Don’t be a chindhi, share your outlandish English slang Frame up Sir Anthony van Dyck’s Charles I and Henrietta Maria with their two eldest children, Prince Charles and Princess Mary, being installed in the Queen’s Ballroom in the State Apartments at Windsor Castle. The painting, which was known as “The Greate Peece” at the time, was Van Dyck’s first commission after his appointment as court painter to Charles I in 1632. It is returning to Windsor Castle for the first time in 65 years. By Olivia Rudgard SOCIAL AFFAIRS CORRESPONDENT ENGLISH has been spoken across the world for hundreds of years – and now the Oxford English Dictionary (OED) has launched a campaign to make sure its contents reflect the language’s global nature. Eleanor Maier, associate editor of the OED, said it had “always been a global dictionary” but its expertise was slanted towards Britain and America because it was based in the two countries. “As a dictionary we need to cover the types of English that people are speaking,” she said. “We need to reflect the English that’s spoken and written – it’s spoken in South Africa, the Philippines, India, Singapore, Hong Kong – so we need to reflect those varieties.” She added that the suggested words tended to be “colloquial” and the kind of language that would be met with “blank stares” outside the areas where it is common. “These are words that people are likely to use in speech a lot but which might not make their way into more formal English,” she said. Participants are encouraged to use the hashtag #wordswhereyouare to add suggestions to the list. Hamajang – Hawaiian, meaning askew Smoko – Australian, a tea break Chindhi – Mumbai, India, a miser Dingle day – British Antarctic Survey Station, very pleasant day Frog-drowner – North Carolina, a rainstorm Shift – Irish, to snog PA Word play English abroad Most common blood type trebles death risk Classification O shared by half of Britons does not clot as well as types A, B or AB, say scientists By Daily Telegraph Reporter HAVING blood type O almost trebles the risk of dying from serious injury because it does not clot as well, scientists in Japan have discovered. Data there showed a death rate of 28 per cent for those with type O blood. The death rate of patients from other blood groups combined was 11 per cent. Dr Wataru Takayama, the lead researcher in the study conducted at Tokyo Medical and Dental University Hospital, said: “Recent studies suggest that blood type O could be a potential risk factor for haemorrhage. “Loss of blood is the leading cause of death in patients with severe trauma but studies on the association between different blood types and the risk of trauma death have been scarce. “We wanted to test the hypothesis that trauma survival is affected by differences in blood types.” Nearly half the UK’s population is 47 pc Proportion of the population in Britain with the most common blood type O; 42 pc are type A, 8 pc B and 3 pc AB type O, making it the most common blood group. Blood type is determined by proteins on the surfaces of red blood cells. The other main blood group categories are A, B and AB – 42 per cent of the population are type A, 8 per cent type B Death of the sickie sees workers head to the office when they’re ill By Daily Telegraph Reporter YOUR colleagues might admire you for your stoicism, and you may even hope to impress the boss, but when it comes to spreading coughs and colds, you should really stay at home. That is the advice from a think tank that yesterday warned of a worrying rise in the number of people heading to work when they ought to be keeping their distance. According to a new report, the death of pulling a sickie appears to have arrived as the number of companies reporting a rise in workers heading into work while ill has tripled since 2010. The survey of hundreds of British employers suggested days of lying on the couch with daytime television for company has been replaced by a strong work ethic. The Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development, which produced the report, warned that while they may seem laudable, the efforts of the work-conscious might well be damag- ing the economy. An explanation offered suggests that despite being present in the workplace, ailing employees might not be able to match their productivity to their commitment to impress. Rachel Suff, the study’s author, told The Times: “If people are coming into ‘If people are coming into work when really unwell, it means that they are not performing’’ work when really unwell, it means that they are not performing and not adding value to their job, while their own condition could worsen or they could pass it to other workers.” The survey of 1,021 employers, who represent nearly five million workers, found nearly nine in 10 companies said people were turning up for work while they were still ill (86 per cent). The figure was just 26 per cent in 2010, and has risen from 72 per cent in the past two years. It is not the only study to shed light on the trend. The Office for National Statistics said that in 2016, the number of people taking sickies was the lowest in over two decades since records began. Those figures found that the most common sickness causing people to miss work was minor coughs and colds, followed by musculoskeletal problems such as back or limb pain. Mental health issues were the next most common reason, which saw the TUC say that it was a “myth” UK workers are “always throwing sickies”. For those looking for a good excuse to stay at home, a recent Telegraph poll of our readers found the best excuse for pulling a sickie was saying that you had the flu (37 per cent). However, just 5 per cent believe having a cold is good enough a reason for a day at home. Two in five readers said that if they had a mental health issue, they would lie to their boss about their need to miss work. Clifftop residents ignore warnings to evacuate By Francesca Marshall Newly minted The Royal Mint has released a £5 coin to celebrate the wedding later this month of Prince Harry to Meghan Markle. Editorial Comment: Page 19 RESIDENTS living at the top of a cliff have refused to evacuate and go to a rescue centre, despite being warned their homes could collapse into the sea. Great Yarmouth council has advised residents living in 30 chalets west of The Marrams in Hemsby, Norfolk, to evacuate after the dunes eroded by 16 ft (5m) in 24 hours. Residents were told they could move to a rescue centre until the high tide had passed. “This is a purely precautionary measure, taken in light of the risk posed through further loss of cliff material,” a council spokesman said. The council said “residents chose not to relocate to the centre”. Police officers and lifeboat crew visited the properties on behalf of the council to advise residents to move their vehicles away. In March some residents living in houses east of The Marrams fled after part of the cliff gave way during the so-called “Mini Beast from the East”. A garden shed and an oil tank reportedly tumbled into the sea after days of high winds and waves eroded the sandstone. and 3 per cent type AB. Type O blood can generally be donated to anyone, with no ill-effects, whereas someone with type A blood can only donate to someone who is type A or type AB; someone with type B blood can only donate to someone who is type B or type AB; and someone with type AB blood can only donate to someone else who is type AB. However, people with type O have lower levels of Von Willebrand factor, a blood clotting agent that helps prevent life-threatening bleeding. The researchers suggested that a lower level of the factor could be a possible explanation for the higher death rate in trauma patients with blood type O. Dr Takayama said the results raised questions about the emergency transfusion of type O red blood cells to severe trauma patients – victims of injuries with the potential to cause long-term disability or death. He said: “Our results also raise questions about how emergency transfusion of O type red blood cells to a severe trauma patient could affect homeostasis, the process which causes bleeding to stop, and if this is different from other blood types. “Further research is necessary to in- vestigate the results of our study and develop the best treatment strategy for severe trauma patients.” All the study’s 900 participants had suffered severe trauma and been admitted to critical care medical centres in Japan between 2013 and 2016. The researchers warned that all the patients whose data was analysed in this study were Japanese, so there was a need for further research to see if the findings applied to other ethnic groups. The research was reported in Critical Care, the official journal of the World Federation of Societies of Intensive and Critical Care Medicine. 10 ** Wednesday 2 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph News Cost of claims against newspapers to be capped Those with a grievance can seek arbitration and avoid going to court through Ipso’s new scheme By Robert Mendick CHIEF REPORTER A COMPULSORY, low-cost arbitration scheme that avoids expensive court cases for people bringing claims against newspapers is being set up by the industry’s biggest regulator. End of the line for train firm’s painful ‘ironing board’ seats By Helena Horton A TRAIN company has scrapped “ironing board” seats in a victory for commuters. Greater Anglia said it had consulted specialists after seeing the anger about uncomfortable seats on new trains, and promised padded seats. The £1.4 billion investment in 169 new trains will see them all fitted with free wi-fi, at-seat plugs and USB points, along with air conditioning. Jason Brandon, the brand manager for Greater Anglia, said: “We’re very aware of the problems that there have been in other parts of the country with seats on new trains and this is why we really listened to customers’ feedback and really wanted to avoid any misshaped seats or too hard a seat. “We’ve heard the feedback from customers, we’ve listened, and we care about them being as comfortable as possible so we’ve selected a seat which is far more comfortable for customers.” Passengers had previously complained that seats on the trains were uncomfortable. One tweeted to the company: “Thank you for new trains but the ironing board seats are horrendous and experience therefore far worse. Dread seeing a new carriage come in now.” Another posted: “I’m not one to whinge (unless the train is cancelled or late) but usually people try out new chairs before investing in them … I appreciate the carriage upgrades but I’m unable to walk after an hour sat on these terrible new seats!” Thameslink and Great Northern have also received complaints about uncomfortable seats. The scheme announced yesterday by the Independent Press Standards Organisation (Ipso), is a compulsory version of a voluntary system already in place. The scheme allows someone with a genuine claim against a newspaper who could have gone to court to instead seek arbitration. Newspapers that choose to sign up to the new system cannot then refuse the request. In other words the scheme is not compulsory to join – but once signed up to, arbitration cannot be avoided. The Telegraph Media Group, which includes the Daily Telegraph and Sunday Telegraph and telegraph. co.uk, has agreed to join the compulsory scheme, which will go live by July 31. National newspapers which are members of Ipso have until Friday to decide whether to join up. The voluntary scheme had allowed newspapers to opt out of arbitration on any given case. The arbitration system administered by Ipso will cost a claimant a maximum £100 in costs. The compulsory scheme – unlike the vol- untary one – will offer a higher level of damages, of up to £60,000. Once a claim is accepted by Ipso, a senior barrister is appointed as the arbitrator, and will make a preliminary ruling on “core issues in the dispute”. Claims could be brought to settle such disputes as defamation actions and invasion of privacy. Currently, disputes that reach court typically take a long time to get there and are hugely expensive. Lord Justice Leveson, who conducted an inquiry into the conduct of the British press in the wake of the News of the World phone-hacking scandal, recommended that claims against newspapers should be resolved quickly and cheaply through arbitration. The decision of the arbitrator is legally binding and claimants would not then be able to go to court if the ruling was not to their liking – unless they could demonstrate the arbitrator had abused the process or exceeded their authority. Matt Tee, Ipso’s chief executive, said the compulsory scheme was being in- Small wonder A 50-year-old Mini with all of its original parts and just 36,000 miles on the clock is expected to fetch at least £10,000 at auction in Buxton, Derbys in July. The 1967 850 Deluxe, above, has been stored, unused, in a barn since 1983. It has never undergone any welding or required any new parts and has a vivid red interior, left, as good as new. It has had only one – very careful – owner and comes with its original bill of sale, two keys and a handbook. troduced in response to Lord Justice Leveson’s call for greater access to justice for ordinary claimants. “Lord Justice Leveson stressed the importance of having a low-cost means of people that had been wronged by a newspaper getting compensation, without the expense of court and legal fees,” he said. “The new Ipso scheme does exactly that and the papers are not able to choose which cases they take.” He added: “Once Ipso has accepted an arbitration claim, a senior barrister is appointed as the arbitrator. Brighton trio who voted to ban Uber have never tried it By Helena Horton UBER has had its licence removed in Brighton as three councillors who voted not to renew it revealed they had never used the app. The car-hailing service said that it was “a disappointing decision”, and added that it intended to appeal “so we can continue serving the city” after having its private hire operator licence turned down. The council said the taxi app was not “fit and proper” to hold a licence, citing concerns over a data breach and the use of drivers from outside the area. None of the three councillors on the licensing panel – Jackie O’Quinn of Labour, Lynda Hyde, a Tory, and Lizzie Deane of the Green Party – said they had ever used the app or been in an Uber vehicle. Brighton council said the recent decision not to renew Uber’s licence was unanimous. “Our priority is the safety of residents and visitors and, due to the data breach and the lack of commitment to using drivers licensed here, we were not satisfied that UBL [Uber Britannia Limited] are a fit and proper person to hold an operator’s licence,” said Ms O’Quinn, chairman of the licensing panel. An Uber spokesman said: “This is a disappointing decision for the thousands of passengers and drivers who rely on our app in Brighton and Hove. We intend to appeal so we can continue serving the city.” The company is in the process of appealing the decision last year not to renew its licence in London. *** The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 May 2018 11 News Solicitor struck off for butting rival lawyer in High Court By Daily Telegraph Reporter A PROPERTY solicitor who butted a developer in the High Court during a £100 million legal battle has been struck off. Philip Saunders, 69, was captured on CCTV at the Royal Courts of Justice in London lunging forward to hit Mohammad Reza Ghadami, who was left with a broken nose and blood streaming down his face. He had to be taken to hospital for surgery. Saunders said he lost his temper after Mr Ghadami made a “vile antiSemitic comment”, but did not give further details of the exact words used. He told the Solicitors’ Disciplinary Tribunal: “I am an observant religious Jew. I have a high moral standard. I completely lost all self-control as a result of this comment he made. “I am bitterly ashamed that I lost my temper. I am not trying to justify my actions, but to put them into perspective. “I cannot see how my behaviour on that day in the face of a raw antiSemitic comment negates the way I behaved and behave since.” After a three-hour hearing, Edward Nelly, chairman of the disciplinary panel, said the panel found Saunders had failed to act with integrity. Mr Nelly said: “You were convicted for a criminal assault. We have reflected on that and the initial unhappy context – as an unwise engagement with Mr Ghadami in the Rolls Building about the subject of costs. “We have considered what the behaviour of Mr Saunders demonstrates, on that unhappy day, and we accept the submissions of both persons that a single act may constitute a lack of integrity. We are sorry to find that allegation proved, while understanding the explanation Mr Saunders has offered. We must not conflate mitigation with fact.” Saunders was given an 18-month suspended prison sentence after being convicted of assault occasioning actual bodily harm at Inner London Crown Court in January last year. CCTV footage showed Mr Ghadami blocking Saunders from passing him in the court during an exchange in April 2016. The pair had been involved on opposing sides in a land dispute. When Mr Ghadami swung his case between Saunders’ legs, Saunders lunged forward and butted him. Mr Ghadami said the assault came “out of the blue”. Both men attended the misconduct hearing in central London. Saunders, who has been a solicitor for more than 40 years, said he had stopped practising after the incident. He admitted failing to uphold the law and failing to maintain public trust and confidence in the profession, but denied failing to act with integrity. Saunders was struck off the roll of solicitors and ordered to pay £4,611 in costs. Upper crust name can cost BBC presenters the best jobs By Anita Singh Arts And EntErtAinmEnt Editor Colour supplement The Festival of Korean Dance (May 9-16) at The Place contemporary dance venue in London will come to a climax with the performance of an art dance work, Riverrun, a collaboration between dancer Jinyeob Cha and Vakki, a Seoul-based visual artist. BBC presenters could miss out on highprofile jobs if they have a double-barrelled name, a tribunal heard yesterday as a veteran journalist described the “whimsical, ludicrous, precarious business” of broadcast news. Tim Willcox, a presenter on BBC news since 2004, said some executives valued “what looked right” ahead of journalistic integrity. Along with David Eades and Joanna Gosling, Mr Willcox is appealing against a joint tax bill of £920,000 in what is seen as a test case for more than 100 other presenters. The three were told to set up personal service companies by the BBC in return for contracts that granted them a minimum amount of work. HMRC says the arrangement amounts to employment and attracts a different tax scale. Mr Willcox said he was relieved to be offered a BBC contract because “I work in a very competitive industry where people fall in and out of favour”. He told a High Court tax tribunal: “One is constantly at the whim of any new programme editor or whoever new comes in … It might be as simple as someone saying, ‘I don’t want someone with a double-barrelled name on the 10 O’Clock News.’” Mr Willcox presented the Chilean miners’ story in 2010, Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines in 2013, and the Charlie Hebdo terror attack in 2015. But he said: “There have been several occasions where I’ve had calls before going on air from the managing editor saying: ‘I wanted to warn you that we’ve taken on a particular person and, as a result, the amount of work we can give you has been significantly impacted.’” The case continues. Barrister sues firm over spanking session Tycoon took axe to tree protection order By Gareth Davies A BARRISTER is taking his former employers to court after he was suspended for spanking a junior colleague. Robert Jones, 40, worked at London firm LEXLAW when he took part in the kinky session in the office of a partner. He and the junior colleague had exchanged messages which included a “sex contract” containing bondage preferences, “safe words” and agreed limits. A salary dispute on Friday June 6 last year resulted in Mr Jones handing in his notice. Two days later the company’s managing director emailed him urging him to reconsider. But when he refused, LEXLAW suspended him for bringing his private activities to work, citing the spanking incident which had occurred months previously. Mr Jones accused the firm of breaching the Data Protection Act by accessing his personal messages to build a case against him. He said this evidence, relating to the 2016 incident, was used so LEXLAW would not have to pay him for his notice period. He told legal website Roll On Friday: “I believe that the disciplinary proceedings were brought against me as retaliation for my having handed in notice … and not as a result of the much earlier incident.” LEXLAW declined to comment other than to describe the behaviour as “unacceptable in our work place”. A WEALTHY businessman illegally cut down 11 protected trees on his land to give himself a bigger back garden, a court has heard. Millionaire David Matthews, 67, ignored Tree Preservation Orders (TPOs) and spent a weekend cutting them down with a chainsaw. The specimens, including an oak, beech and sweet chestnut, were close to his five-bedroom detached house in Poole, Dorset. Nine of the trees were said to have been up to 100 years old. A member of the public who heard the noise of the trees being felled reported the matter to Poole council, which launched an investigation and subsequently charged Matthews with the wilful destruction of protected trees. Poole magistrates were told that Matthews had breached a similar order in 2015 and had been given a warning. The scrap metal dealer pleaded guilty to the charges when he appeared before magistrates in Poole yesterday. Sentencing was adjourned for reports. It is thought he may also face a Proceeds of Crime hearing to determine if he must pay the amount his property had increased in value because of the felling. Andy Dearing, head of enforcement at the council, said: “He did it with a chainsaw and really went for it. This is the worst environmental crime of its kind we have seen in Poole.” 12 *** Wednesday 2 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph News Navy’s carriers ‘will only go to war alongside allies’ By Jack Maidment POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT THE national security adviser has cast doubt on whether the Government would send the Royal Navy’s new aircraft carriers to war without support from allies. Sir Mark Sedwill said he believed the carriers would “inevitably” only be deployed in a “contested environment” alongside other forces. His comments suggest the Government would not agree to send the two new Queen Elizabeth-class carriers into a conflict similar to the Falklands War, when Britain fought Argentina alone. Meanwhile, Sir Mark also said he believed Russia and its arsenal of nuclear weapons continued to pose an “existential threat” to the UK, admitting there were “areas of vulnerability” in Britain’s national security. The Navy has been without an aircraft carrier since 2014 but two new ships – HMS Queen Elizabeth and HMS Prince of Wales – are due to become operational in the coming years. Sir Mark told the defence select committee: “We will be one of only about six countries in the world that has this kind of strategic projection capability when the carriers are fully operational. “But it is our intention, because of that, to use them with allies … We will see what happens in the circumstances but that is part of the thinking about the use of the carriers. “It is projecting them as a British sovereign capability but one that will almost inevitably, I would actually say inevitably, be used in a context of allied operations of some kind if used in a contested environment.” Margaret Thatcher’s government sent two aircraft carriers – HMS Hermes and HMS Invincible – to help take back the Falkland Islands in 1982. They were accompanied by an array of destroyers, frigates and submarines. Sir Mark’s comments are likely to spark questions about if and when the UK would embark on a similar course of action in the future. The two new aircraft carriers are the largest vessels ever built for the Navy. The 65,000-ton HMS Queen Elizabeth cost £3.5 billion to build and was officially commissioned in December last year. It is intended to become fully operational in 2020. Meanwhile, Sir Mark also used his appearance to urge the UK’s fellow Nato members to meet a commitment to spend 2 per cent of their GDP on defence, adding that Russia was the UK’s “primary strategic threat”. “It is very important when we think about Russia that we don’t think about it in an entirely bilateral way. It is not just the UK up against Russia, it is Nato that is the linchpin of our defence.” He added: “If all of the other Nato countries achieved that 2 per cent target, that would be the equivalent of about an additional $100 billion (£73 billion) a year devoted to the defence.” Never mind the neighbours, say home buyers, is the broadband good? GPs are being put under pressure as councils reduce services aimed at preventing ill health, an investigation has found. Nine out of 10 councils have cut funding for weight management, sexual health and addiction services in an attempt to save cash. Some areas are scrapping the services altogether, a survey of 80 councils found, leaving GPs to try to cover the gaps. Doctors have warned that cutting preventative healthcare will put a greater strain on the NHS in the long term. The research, conducted by the GP publication Pulse, found that only 11 out of 80 councils that responded to a Freedom of Information request had maintained spending at last year’s levels. Drug and alcohol treatment services have been one of the biggest casualties, with 87 per cent of councils cutting funding, followed by sexual health at 83 per cent and smoking cessation services at 79 per cent. Some councils have cut weight management completely, raising the risk of patients needing surgical intervention because preventative strategies are unavailable. Dr Richard Vautrey, chairman of the British Medical Association’s GP committee, said: “These short-sighted cuts will cost the NHS in the long run as we don’t properly invest in prevention and health promotion.” Good broadband is now more important than having friendly neighbours when buying a home. When asked the “must haves” when searching for a property, home buyers ranked broadband as the fifth most important aspect, according to a study by GoCompare, the price comparison website. It is the first time internet connection has featured in the top five most important considerations, it said. Traditional selling points such as a driveway, conservatory and garage, now rank lower than broadband sufficient to stream movies, and being close to shops and amenities. Top of the list this year are central heating, double glazing, secure doors and windows, and a garden. Close behind are plentiful electrical sockets to enable phone charging and having a TV in every room. Moving near a good school fails to make the list, as does open-plan living or period features. The survey questioned 2,000 people. Ben Wilson, of GoCompare, said: “Connectivity and energy efficiency are massive factors, while the number of electrical sockets is now more important than access to local amenities. Likewise, a broadband signal fast enough for streaming, and a reliable mobile phone signal are deemed essential today and sellers need to be wise to these priorities.” DAVID ROSE FOR THE TELEGRAPH GPs warn councils over cuts to weight management and addiction services Maximum volume A “challenging” exhibition has been installed at the National Trust’s Blickling Estate in Norfolk by arts group Les Enfants Terribles to highlight the threats that books face, including damp, death watch beetles and Isis. Charity boss accused of stealing £700k Father dies in birthday gift plane crash Four children died in ‘feud’ firebombing The chief executive of a charity has been accused of stealing more than £700,000 by paying cheques into his own account and awarding himself bonuses. John Briers abused his position at Age Concern South Tyneside to steal from the charity between 2007 and 2015, Newcastle Crown Court heard. The 57-year-old, from Gateshead, denies three Three brothers who paid for their military enthusiast father to fly in a Second World War Mustang watched in horror as he was killed when the plane crashed on landing. An inquest heard that John Marshall, 84, was a passenger in the P-51D fighter-bomber and enjoyed 50 minutes in the air before it got into difficulty in a cross wind while allegations of fraud. Anthony Dunne, prosecuting, said Mr Briers used fake invoices and fraudulent minutes of board meetings in a bid to cover his tracks. Mr Briers made no comment during police interview and later claimed that payments were diverted to his account so he could pay suppliers in cash. The trial continues. landing. The plane bounced off the runway and burst into flames after hitting an oak tree at Hardwick airfield. Mr Marshall, of Willoughby Waterleys, Leics, died instantly from head and neck injuries on Oct 2, 2016. Maurice Hammond, 58, the pilot who owned the Mustang, survived with burns, a broken neck, shoulder and ribs. The inquest continues. Four sleeping children died when their house was torched just hours after the family warned police of the attack, a court heard. Zak Bolland, 23, was in a longrunning feud with Kyle Pearson, 16, the victims’ brother, a jury at Manchester Crown Court was told. Bolland and David Worrall, 25, tossed two lit petrol bombs into the house in Walkden, Greater Manchester, in December, it is alleged. Demi, 15, Brandon, 8, Lacie, 7 and Lia Pearson, 3, all died. Hour hours before the fire, Bolland and Worrall shouted: “All your family’s getting it, they’re all gonna die.” Bolland, Courtney Brierley, 20, his girlfriend, and Worrall all deny charges of murder. The trial continues. *** The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 May 2018 13 World news Trilateral summit to discuss North Korea By Nicola Smith ASIA CORRESPONDENT and Julian Ryall in Tokyo SOUTH KOREA, China and Japan will hold a trilateral summit in Tokyo next week, in the latest round of diplomacy to resolve tensions over North Korea’s nuclear weapons programme. The meeting will bring together Moon Jae-in, the South’s president, Shinzo Abe, the Japanese prime minister, and Li Keqiang, the Chinese premier, for the first time in more than two years. It follows a historic summit between Mr Moon and North Korea’s Kim Jong-un last Friday, where they pledged to pursue “complete denuclearisation” and a peace treaty to formally end the 1950-53 Korean War. South Korea asked the United Nations yesterday to help verify the planned nuclear shutdown, due to begin later this month. On Sunday, Mr Moon’s office revealed that Kim would invite experts from South Korea and the US to the country to ensure “transparency” around the site’s dismantlement. Yoon Young-chan, a presidential spokesman, said that Kim had no intention of targeting the US or the South with nuclear weapons, reported CNN. “There is no reason for us to possess nuclear weapons … if mutual trust with the United States is built through frequent meetings from now on … an end to the war and non-aggression are promised,” Kim was quoted as saying. Ambassador to Israel in secret Gaza border trip JEFF J MITCHELL/GETTY By Raf Sanchez in Jerusalem Street fighting man Masked protesters threw stones at police, who responded with tear gas and water cannons, as thousands of people took to the streets of Paris during May Day demonstrations. It is 50 years since similar civil unrest in May 1968 made headlines around the world. Netanyahu plays down war talk over Iran nuclear deal Britain and France try to turn Israel’s research accusation to their advantage ISRAEL’S prime minister said yesterday that he was not seeking a military confrontation with Iran, even as he continued his public campaign to convince Donald Trump to strengthen the 2015 nuclear deal or pull the US out of it. A day after Benjamin Netanyahu unveiled Israeli intelligence which he said proved that Iran had lied about its nuclear research, the Israeli leader talked down European fears that scrapping the deal could lead to war. “Nobody is seeking that kind of development,” Mr Netanyahu said. “Iran is the one practising aggression against every country in the Middle East.” With less than two weeks until the May 12 deadline when Mr Trump must decide whether to pull the US out of the Iran deal, Britain and France tried to turn Israel’s accusations to their own diplomatic advantage. Boris Johnson, the Foreign Secretary, argued that the new Israeli intelligence only underscored the need AFP/GETTY By Raf Sanchez in Jerusalem Israel says Iran lied to the world about its nuclear research to keep the nuclear deal and preserve access for inspectors to look inside Iranian research facilities. “The Israeli prime minister’s presentation on Iran’s past research into nuclear weapons technology underlines the importance of keeping the Iran nuclear deal’s constraints on Tehran’s nuclear ambitions,” Mr Johnson said. “The Iran nuclear deal is based on tough verification, including measures that allow inspectors from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) unprecedented access to Iran’s nuclear programme.” France’s foreign ministry echoed that sentiment, saying “the pertinence of the deal is reinforced by the details presented by Israel”. Iran’s foreign ministry denounced Mr Netanyahu as a “broke and infamous liar who has had nothing to offer except lies and deceits”. The debate over the fate of the Iran deal is playing out against rising tensions between Israel and Iran in Syria. Israel is believed to have been behind two strikes in the last month which have killed Iranian soldiers in Syria. Britain, France and Germany face an uphill battle to try to convince Mr Trump to stay in the nuclear agreement, which he has repeatedly denounced as a “horrible” deal for the US. The IAEA, the United Nations watchdog given the task of inspecting Iran’s nuclear sites, said it was open to inspecting the new Israeli intelligence but it stood by its previous assessment: that there was “no credible indication” that Iran had continued research into a nuclear bomb after 2009. Secret Mossad raids that spirited away half a ton of documents Analysis By Raf Sanchez THE dilapidated warehouse in southern Tehran seemed an unlikely place for Iran to store its most sensitive nuclear secrets. But according to Israeli officials, the storage facility in the Shorabad neighbourhood had been chosen precisely because of its unassuming appearance. Iran’s government reportedly feared that the files might be found by international inspectors. Israeli officials said it was this act of centralisation that made it possible for Mossad spies to pull off the seemingly impossible: snatching half a ton of documents in a single night and secreting them out of the capital and the country. “It was too heavy to take in its entirety,” said one Israeli official. Details began to emerge yesterday about the Israeli raid that provided the intelligence behind Benjamin Netanyahu’s public accusation that Iran lied to the world about its nuclear programme before and after the 2015 Iran deal. The Israeli prime minister described the operation as one of its “biggest-ever intelligence achievements” but gave little sense about how it came about during his speech on Monday. Officials said that Mossad, Israel’s foreign intelligence agency, had become aware of the warehouse in February 2016, a few weeks after the Iran deal came into force. It was kept under surveillance for two years. “Few Iranians knew where it was,” Mr Netanyahu said. The raid was carried out in February. The documents, which were almost all in Farsi, were shared with the US. “The documents we have reviewed are authentic,” said Mike Pompeo, the US secretary of state. Sceptics of Mr Netanyahu speculated that there may have been no raid at all, and suggested that Israel may have broken into the computer systems of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), which had some of the files. “It appears to me that what Israel has done is that it has probably hacked the [IAEA] and gathered some new details from what Iran responded to the agency to close the outstanding issues in 2015,” said Ali Vaez, project director for Iran at the Crisis Group. Britain’s ambassador to Israel made a secret trip to the Gaza border to observe Israel’s handling of Palestinian protests, according to video footage taken by Palestinian militants. David Quarrey travelled with a senior Israeli general to the Gaza border last week. The British diplomat’s trip was not made public but members of Islamic Jihad, a Palestinian terrorist group, posted a video of Mr Quarrey and the Israeli commander filmed from inside Gaza. Israel’s military invited Mr Quarrey to make the unusual visit after he raised concerns over Israel’s use of live ammunition against Palestinian protesters, which has led to 48 deaths in the area since March. A foreign office spokesman said: “We urge Israelis to reconsider the use of live fire, and we urge the Palestinian leadership to maintain their calls for nonviolent protests.” 14 *** Wednesday 2 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph World news Pope’s finance chief to stand trial on sexual abuse charges torate from Oxford and was formerly a national-level Australian Rules footballer, has been an imposing figure in Australia and has been heavily criticised for his handling of complaints of child sex abuse made against Catholic priests there. He is known for staunchly conservative views on issues such as homosexuality and abortion, the latter being, he once said, a “worse moral scandal” than child sex abuse by priests. As rumours swirled about his behaviour, alleged victims began to come forward. Cardinal Pell protested his innocence and left his post in the Vatican to fight the allegations after he was charged in June last year. Robert Richter QC, his lawyer, told the court in submissions two weeks ago that the complainants might have been seeking to punish the Cardinal for failCardinal George Pell leaving Melbourne Magistrates’ Court yesterday. He faces multiple allegations of sexual assault ing to act against abuse by clerics. Campaigners have been critical of Pope Francis, who hand-picked Cardinal Pell to oversee the Vatican’s finances despite the controversy in Australia. But the decision to commit Cardinal Pell for trial was welcomed by victims and campaigners as a vindication of their struggle for action by the justice system. “George Pell has been committed to trial and the positive that survivors of abuse can take from this case is that nobody is above the law,” said Lisa Flynn, an Australian lawyer who specialises in prosecuting cases for the survivors of historical abuse. “To the brave few who came forward with your stories … you made someone answerable to your allegations and I hope that vindicates you from your pain,” she added. Cardinal Pell has been bailed to return to court today for a hearing that is likely to set a trial date. He has previously forfeited his passport and is not allowed to leave Australia. Hollywood stars sue Weinstein Company for unpaid millions participation. For the same film and The Giver, Streep has claimed $168,611. Many of the celebrity filings state that the amounts are difficult to ascertain without an audit due to the Weinstein Company’s poor accounts. Streep, for instance, found her name misspelled as “Street”, and said she has By Alice Vincent SOME of Hollywood’s best-known actors and directors have claimed they are owed millions after Harvey Weinstein’s film company collapsed. Stars including Meryl Streep, George Clooney, Leonardo DiCaprio, Quentin Tarantino and Jennifer Lawrence filed objections against the sale of the Weinstein Company, claiming the bankrupt studio owes them outstanding payments before it is sold in a court-supervised auction. The Weinstein Company filed for bankruptcy in March, after months of trying to find a buyer. It also ended all non-disclosure agreements, some of which may have been signed with Weinstein’s victims. Tarantino, the Oscar-winning director who made four films with the studio, states in papers that he is owed more than $4 million (£3 million) in royalties: $300,000 for Grindhouse, $575,000 for Inglourious Basterds, $1.25m for Django Unchained and nearly $2.5m for The Hateful Eight. The director has asked that the sale of the company be stalled until the Weinstein Company fulfils its contractual obligations and says it will pay. Elsewhere, Lawrence has said she is owed $102,623 for Silver Linings Playbook, Clooney has filed for $250,000 for his production of August: Osage County, while adding that the amount doesn’t account for back-end KEVIN WINTER/GETTY THE Vatican’s treasurer has become the most senior Catholic figure to be tried on sexual assault charges after a court in Melbourne committed him to stand trial on historical offences involving multiple victims. Asked how he pleaded, 76-year-old Cardinal George Pell – a trusted aide of Pope Francis – considered third highest ranked figure in the Catholic church, stated firmly and loudly: “Not guilty.” Belinda Wallington, the magistrate, dismissed half the charges brought against him for lack of evidence or concerns about witness credibility. According to Cardinal Pell’s lawyer, these included the more “vile” allegations. But Ms Wallington ordered the Cardinal to face a trial by jury for alleged sexual offending at a pool in the Seventies in Ballarat, near Melbourne, and at St Patrick’s Cathedral in Melbourne in the Nineties, when he was the city’s Archbishop. After the magistrate left the court, a group of the Cardinal’s critics applauded. The details of the alleged offences are yet to be revealed. Much of the committal hearing was closed to the public because the allegations were of a sexual nature. The case follows an explosive report aired on ABC News in 2016 in which two men claimed they were groped by Cardinal Pell in the late Seventies at Eureka pool, Ballarat. “He would play games, like throw the kids out of the water,” Lyndon Monument, a former student, told ABC. “You know, his hand touching your genitals and stuff on the outside of your bathers or shorts. And then that slowly became hand down the front of the pants.” One man who also made allegations, Damian Dignan, died in January after a long illness. Pope Francis did not ask Cardinal Pell to resign after he was charged and granted him leave to return to Australia to fight the charges. But the decision to proceed with a trial could put pressure on the Vatican for a stronger response. Pope Francis has recently ruled there is “zero tolerance” for abuse in the Church. Cardinal Pell, who holds a doc- ACE WU/CATERS By Jonathan Pearlman in Sydney Harvey Weinstein with Meryl Streep at an awards ceremony in Los Angeles in 2012 been unable to find accurate accounting of outstanding payments. Several production companies have raised concerns over the company’s bookkeeping, with some films lacking accounting for a year and on others, records have been lax for up to seven. The March 20 bankruptcy filing listed thousands of names on its 394page list of people owed money by the Weinstein Company, including Malia Obama, Judi Dench, David Bowie and Daniel Radcliffe. The case unfolds against more legal drama for the producer himself. On Monday, Ashley Judd sued Weinstein saying the former movie mogul hurt her acting career in retaliation for her rejecting his sexual advances. In the lawsuit filed in Los Angeles County Superior Court, Judd accused Weinstein of defamation, sexual harassment and violating California’s unfair competition law. Director Peter Jackson’s claim, which was made public last December, that Weinstein had warned him 20 years ago that Judd was a “nightmare” to work with, and should be avoided “at all costs”, is central to the suit. Jackson was considering Judd for a major role in his Lord of the Rings movies, and had met with her about the role. A year earlier, Weinstein – in what was supposed to be a business meeting – appeared to Judd in a bathrobe, asked her to watch him shower and to let him massage her, the suit alleges. Weinstein has denied trying to derail Judd’s career, and said he had no role in Jackson’s casting. Jackson said Weinstein also warned him against casting Mira Sorvino, who has also alleged she is among Weinstein’s victims. It is the latest in a string of lawsuits filed towards Weinstein since allegations of sexual harassment and wrongdoing were made against him last year. Weinstein has denied the allegations. In February, the Metropolitan Police embarked upon “Operation Kaguyak”, investigating 15 claims of alleged assault against Weinstein. Tonys’ vote of confidence in British theatre By Hannah Furness ARTS CORRESPONDENT WHEN Hamilton swept the boards at this year’s Oliviers, some theatre-lovers were left wondering at the domination of American productions on London’s most prestigious awards. Yesterday, home-grown talent got its own back in some style, as British plays, actors and crew enjoyed extraordinary success at the Tonys. Nominations for the Broadwaybased Tony theatre awards include a raft of British favourites, from the juggernaut of Harry Potter and the Cursed Child to Lucy Kirkwood’s nuclear disaster drama The Children. Four out of the five men nominated for best actor are British, with three of the five best plays originating in the UK. Nominees include Glenda Jackson, Dame Diana Rigg, Sir Mark Rylance, Andrew Garfield and Tom Hollander, along with a lifetime achievement award for Lord Lloyd Webber. The stars of Harry Potter, Noma Dumezweni, Jamie Parker and Anthony Boyle, are nominated among a total of 10 for the two-part play, reported to be the most expensive ever staged on Broadway. In April, Telegraph critic Dominic Cavendish remarked that the overall impression of the Olivier Awards, which honoured Hamilton in particular, “attests to a just-detectable lack of confidence in our own product”. “The minor irony of this year’s wins is that it looks as if we have wound up deferring, to an oleaginous fault, to American culture,” he added. At the Tonys, the transfer of the National Theatre’s revival of Angels in America has 11 nominations, Farinelli and the King has five, including one for Rylance, its lead actor, and a revival of Tom Stoppard’s 1974 farce Travesties has four. The Children, described as “Fukushima meets The Archers” by the Telegraph’s critic, is up for two awards. Robert Icke’s adaptation of George Orwell’s 1984, which was controversially deemed ineligible for last year’s Tonys after a journalist on the award committee was refused a ticket, has one nomination, for its sound design. “New York audiences respond to British stories and Britishness,” Sonia Friedman, the British producer of both Travesties and Harry Potter, told The Daily Telegraph in March. “The successes I’ve had [on Broadway] have all been quintessentially British, with our best playwrights at the centre of them.” *** The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 May 2018 15 Trump attacks leak of Russia questions US president condemns ‘disgraceful’ disclosure of list put to his lawyers in collusion investigation By Nick Allen WASHINGTON EDITOR Depth of focus Ace Wus, from Taiwan, goes where few photographers dare travel to capture alien-like images of the sea creatures that live deep below the ocean’s surface. He uses blue light to create images of a hairy frogfish, far left, transparent octopus and ghost pipefish that glow with an incredible vibrancy. Ace, 42, who was highly commended in the Underwater Photographer of the Year 2018 awards, said: “It’s difficult to describe the beauty of the ocean with words, so I choose pictures.” WORLD BULLETIN ‘Subversive’ Peppa Swedes: meatball gets chop in China is actually Turkish Peppa Pig appears to have become the latest Western children’s character to be curbed by Beijing. Around 30,000 videos of the cartoon have been removed from the Douyin website, the Global Times newspaper reported, as state media said that Peppa Pig had taken on a “subversive hue” among a “unruly slackers” opposed to the values of the ruling Communist Party. Meatballs may seem as Swedish as Ikea and Abba, but Sweden has admitted its iconic cuisine actually originates from Turkey. The country’s official Twitter account said: “Swedish meatballs are actually based on a recipe King Charles XII brought home from Turkey in the early 18th century.” Public response varied from dismay to celebration of the truth coming to light. Circumcisions Austria looks into ordered over HIV Syria ambush case Vienna prosecutors are investigating whether Austrian peacekeepers allowed Syrian police to drive into a fatal ambush in the Golan Heights in 2012. Austrian weekly Der Falter published a leaked video that shows Syrian smugglers ambushing the police and Austrian soldiers are heard discussing whether or not to warn them. Nine officers were killed in the attack. AFP/ GETTY IMAGES Mozambique is to circumcise 100,000 men over the coming months to combat the spread of HIV. The World Health Organisation says uncircumcised men are more likely to contract HIV because of the vulnerability of the foreskin to small cuts and abrasions. More than five million men in southern and eastern Africa have been voluntarily circumcised since 2013. Tower inferno A 24-storey building in São Paulo, Brazil, collapsed yesterday after a fire spread, killing one person. DONALD TRUMP yesterday condemned as “disgraceful” a leak of dozens of questions Robert Mueller wants to ask the US president in a faceto-face interview. Mr Mueller, the special counsel investigating Russian meddling in the 2016 election, submitted more than 40 proposed questions to Mr Trump’s lawyers. The questions indicated he wants to focus on whether Mr Trump attempted to obstruct justice by blocking the inquiry, and any links between his campaign and Russia. Mr Mueller’s team read the inquiries over the telephone to Mr Trump’s lawyers who compiled them into a list. That list was leaked to The New York Times by “a person outside Mr Trump’s legal team”, the newspaper said. Mr Trump, writing on Twitter, said: “So disgraceful that the questions concerning the Russian Witch Hunt were ‘leaked’ to the media. No questions on Collusion. Oh, I see... you have a made up, phony crime, Collusion, that never existed, and an investigation begun with illegally leaked classified informa- Truth or consequences Mueller’s key questions for Trump On Russia: During the campaign, what did you know about Russian hacking, use of social media or other acts aimed at the campaign? What knowledge did you have of any outreach by your campaign, including by Paul Manafort, to Russia about potential assistance to the campaign? When did you become aware of the Trump Tower meeting? What was your reaction to Mr Comey’s briefing that day (Jan 6, 2017) about other intelligence matters (the Steele dossier)? On potential tion. Nice!” Mr Trump later added: “It would seem very hard to obstruct justice for a crime that never happened.” The president’s assertion that there were “no questions on collusion” was correct in the sense that the word “collusion” was not used. However, the list did suggest Mr Mueller is looking into whether Mr Trump’s campaign coordinated in any way with the Kremlin, and whether he knew about it. John Dean, Richard Nixon’s White House counsel, and star witness in the Watergate investigation, said whoever leaked the questions could be obstructing justice. He said: “It could be obstruction just to have released these questions... the tipping off of witnesses in advance to what the question was go- obstruction of justice: Did you discuss whether Mr Sessions would protect you, and reference past attorneys general? After the resignations, what efforts were made to reach out to Mr Flynn about seeking immunity or possible pardon? ‘It would seem very hard to obstruct justice for a crime that never happened’ Regarding the decision to fire Mr Comey: When was it made? Why? Who played a role? What discussions did you have regarding terminating the special counsel, and what did you do when that consideration was reported in January 2018? ing to be.” Many of the questions were predictable, based on events that are already publicly known, but one appeared to stem from as yet unreleased information. In it Mr Mueller asked: “What knowledge did you have of any outreach by your campaign, including by Paul Manafort, to Russia about potential assistance to the campaign?” There has been no public suggestion so far of alleged outreach by Mr Manafort, who has been separately charged by Mr Mueller with financial crimes. Mr Mueller’s questions gave no indication whether Mr Trump is an official suspect in his year-long investigation, which has been shrouded in secrecy. The numerous inquiries related to potential obstruction of justice included whether Mr Trump had sought to fire Mr Mueller himself. They also included what Mr Trump’s intentions were in firing James Comey as FBI director, and whether he initially appointed Jeff Sessions as attorney general to “protect” himself from any Russia investigation. In relation to Russia links, Mr Mueller wants to ask Mr Trump when he became aware of a Trump Tower meeting in June 2016 between senior members of his campaign and a Russian lawyer who offered “dirt” on Hillary Clinton. The special counsel also expressed interest in Mr Trump’s trip to Moscow for the Miss Universe pageant in 2013, and any discussions he had during the campaign about meeting Vladimir Putin. Mr Trump’s businesses also feature in the questions, including any discussions he had with Michael Cohen, his personal lawyer, about a potential property deal in Moscow. The president has expressed a desire to sit down with Mr Mueller for an interview, believing it could hasten the conclusion of an investigation he has repeatedly called a “witch hunt”. The questions were provided by Mr Mueller’s team in March and convinced John Dowd, Mr Trump’s lead lawyer at the time, that the president should not agree to an interview. Mr Dowd resigned shortly afterwards amid suggestions his client was determined to ignore his advice. 16 ** Wednesday 2 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph World news Lion mauls British sanctuary owner who reared it from a cub Dominican Republic cuts Taiwan ties in coup for China By Nicola Smith in Taipei and Neil Connor in Beijing Man suffers broken jaw and cuts after animal attacked him in its enclosure in South Africa By Adrian Blomfield in Nairobi THE British owner of a wildlife sanctuary in South Africa has been severely injured by a lion that he hand-reared from a cub in an attack that was witnessed and filmed by his tourist clients. Michael Hodge, 71, was attacked as he walked into the enclosure of the Marakele Animal Sanctuary’s star attraction, a male lion named Shamba. Video footage of Saturday’s incident shows Mr Hodge, who moved to South Africa in 1999, walking in a relaxed manner towards the lion as a ranger outside the fence attempts to distract the animal. Mr Hodge, who founded the sanctuary in South Africa’s Limpopo region with his wife Chrissy and stepdaughter Emma in 2010, was reportedly investigating a strange smell that had been upsetting the lion. Suddenly, Mr Hodge is seen running for the gate of Shamba’s enclosure, before being brought down by the lion, his body crashing against the fence. A woman can be heard sobbing and screaming “Oh my god!” and “Somebody help, please!” as the lion drags Mr Hodge away into a thicket. Mr Hodge is heard to cry out “Help me, please!” Shots ring out, fired by the ranger, prompting Shamba to drop the injured Mr Hodge. The lion retreated a few yards from the bush where the Briton lay, but not far enough to allow a safe rescue attempt to be made. Shamba was then killed, a family friend, Bernadette Maguire, said, before Mr Hodge was taken to a clinic three miles away in the town of Thabazimbi. He was later airlifted to a hospital in Johannesburg. Mrs Hodge ‘One lion slept in Mike’s bed, washing his face and giving him a spit-bath daily at 3am’ said her husband had been hurt but was now recovering. “He has a broken jaw and several lacerations, but is recovering well,” she said in a statement. She added that the family were “devastated” over Shamba’s death. The lion, born in 2008, had been hand-reared since it was a month old, with Mrs Hodge nursing it through a near-fatal dose of colic, according to friends. Shamba was one of the most popular of the dozen or so big cats housed in the sanctuary’s “predator park”. Tourists could pay an extra fee to be locked into a cage on the back of a pickup vehicle. Shamba had been trained to leap on to the cage to eat freshly slaughtered chickens hung from the bars. Tourists would then photograph Shamba from just inches away as the feathers flew. “Come and take a ride on the wild side in our purpose-built Lion Mobile,” the sanctuary’s website reads. “I can promise you that Shamba will jump up and look you in the eye.” Previous visitors and volunteers said that Mr Hodge had long experience with lions, having hand-reared three from cubs. One, a lioness named Nina, even slept on his bed, according to Emerita Abadilla, a former volunteer. “She slept in Mike’s bed, washing his face and giving him a spit-bath daily at Video footage shows wildlife sanctuary owner Michael Hodge (above left) being attacked by Shamba the lion in its enclosure (above) 3am,” she wrote in a blog post two years ago. Apart from lions, the sanctuary also housed at least two tigers. Some visitors to the sanctuary’s Facebook page criticised the manner in which Shamba was killed and the park run. But friends also came to Mr Hodge’s defence, saying he had a “special bond” with the lion. THE Dominican Republic has cut longstanding diplomatic ties with Taiwan and switched to China, handing another victory to Beijing in its longterm quest to isolate the self-ruled island on the global stage. Taiwan’s government said yesterday it was “deeply upset” by the move, and condemned China’s “objectionable decision to use dollar diplomacy”, accusing Beijing of luring Taipei’s foreign allies with cash rewards. An unnamed Taiwanese official told Reuters that China had won the country over with $3.1 billion incentives and loans. The decision comes during a time of heightened tensions between China and Taiwan’s traditionally independence-leaning Democratic Progressive Party, which rose to power in 2015. Beijing and Taipei have long competed for each other’s allies in a power struggle that stems from China’s belief that it has a territorial claim to Taiwan and from democratic Taiwan’s resistance to being absorbed into the mainland. “Beijing’s attempts at foreign policy have only served to drive a wedge between the people on both sides of the Taiwan Strait, erode mutual trust, and further harm the feelings of the people of Taiwan,” said Joseph Wu, Taiwan’s foreign minister, yesterday. Flavio Dario Espinal, a legal consultant to Dominican Republic’s presidential office, said ending relations with Taiwan was based on the “needs, potential and future prospects” of his Caribbean nation. Taiwan hit back by immediately recalling its diplomats and reminding the Dominicans that it had helped build their nation into a rice exporter. China said there had been no economic pre-conditions for the switch, with An Fengshan, a spokesman for the Taiwan Affairs Office, attributing it to the “general trend and common aspiration of the people” of both countries. Tsai Ing-wen, Taiwan’s president, described China’s latest action as “an unfriendly and destructive approach to cross-strait relations”. Rubens painting written off by New York museum to be auctioned for millions By Steve Bird WHEN New York’s Metropolitan Museum of Art decided to sell off a portrait of Rubens’ only daughter, Clara Serena, they were convinced it was the work of a mere “follower” of the Old Master. So, in 2013, the painting was given the modest auction estimate of between £14,500 to £22,000. But, a British collector who bought it for £457,500 appeared to know something the Met’s scholars did not. Now the painting has been accepted as a Rubens original and is going up for auction at Christie’s in July with an estimate of between £3 million and £5 million. The family portrait by Sir Peter Paul Rubens was painted around 1623, about the time his daughter died from the plague, aged just 12. In the Forties, Julius Held, the art historian, declared that it was not a Rubens original and so the painting fell out of favour. In 2013 it was sold off to pay for new acquisitions at the worldfamous American museum. “There’s always a flicker of excitement when you see a picture is being sold by a major museum,” said Bendor Grosvenor, an art historian, collector and BBC presenter. “There’s no doubt in my mind that it’s a Rubens. The piece is painted clearly in his idiosyncratic style. It’s a beautiful depiction of his daughter.” Mr Grosvenor believes a costly mistake was made by staff at the Met. The then buyer, who is anonymous but is believed to live in London, had experts clean off layers of dirt and green overpainting. Henry Pettifer, head of Old Master paintings at Christie’s London, said that since its restoration the portrait has been shown as a Rubens original three times in public. The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 May 2018 *** 17 18 *** Wednesday 2 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph Comment Everyone is so media trained these days that we love a Mike Coupe moment To order prints or signed copies of any Telegraph cartoon, go to telegraph. co.uk/prints-cartoons or call 0191 603 0178 readerprints@telegraph. co.uk ISABEL HARDMAN P ity the poor person in the Sainsbury’s press office who was responsible for Mike Coupe’s media training. That hapless member of staff must have sat with head in hands, cursing themselves for failing to tell their boss that while sounding concerned about job losses as a result of the company’s merger with Asda, he must also avoid singing about money between interviews. “We’re in the money, the sky is sunny,” Coupe sang absent-mindedly as he waited for the mic to go live again. Except, the mic was already live, and ITV broadcast it. Sainsbury’s hastily – and rather unconvincingly – protested that Coupe was merely singing a song from the musical 42nd Street and “to attach any wider meaning to this innocent, personal moment is preposterous”. Who knows what was going on in Coupe’s head as he thought about his company’s merger. He certainly now knows that innocent, personal moments are best not taken when there’s recording equipment nearby. Isn’t it rather telling, though, that media trainers have been so effective that the most interesting bits about many interviews are the bits that weren’t supposed to happen? To avoid making one false move, business leaders and politicians have developed a habit of chaining together meaningless phrases to create a protective armour for surviving the interview intact. Former Liberal Democrat minister Danny Alexander was a master of this art, managing to talk a great deal in broadcast interviews without saying anything that could possibly move a story on, even in a positive way. Alexander has struggled with his own innocent, personal moments: he was filmed breaking wind while sitting in a Sky studio in 2011. Perhaps after that the Chief Secretary to the Treasury decided that he would never do or say anything to cause a stink in a studio ever again. Most MPs are less worried about farting, and more worried about accidentally being recorded calling a voter a “bigot”, as Gordon Brown was in 2010. But us grubby journalists have a lot to answer for too. We practise a willing suspension of disbelief when reporting more innocuous remarks. We know exactly what someone actually meant, but we write it up as though we don’t. Take Anne Jenkin. The Conservative peer was one of the speakers at the launch of an inquiry into food banks, and she chose to discuss one of the group’s findings. “We have lost a lot of our cooking skills, and poor people don’t know how to cook,” she said, immediately looking terrified by what she’d clumsily said. In the stories that followed, the Baroness was pictured standing proudly in a kitchen that had two ovens, making her the Conservative equivalent of John “two Jags” Prescott. The only problem was that Jenkin had merely been clumsily repeating a line in the report itself about cooking skills – and the kitchen was in the House of Lords, not her own home. It’s no wonder that people in the public eye try to create such a division between their on-mic persona and their real, unconstructed demeanour. The stakes are too high for anything else. But we too pay a price for being so demanding: we now very rarely know what anyone we are listening to really thinks. READ MORE at telegraph.co.uk/opinion Brexit is now so gloomy, its mood music may be early Leonard Cohen This should be a time of optimism – but, instead, we are mired in stultifying arguments and in-fighting PHILIP JOHNSTON T he Bank of England’s chief economist, Andy Haldane, says it is possible to gauge the mood of the nation from the music it is downloading on Spotify. What should we be listening to at the moment? Billie Holiday singing Gloomy Sunday, aka the Hungarian Suicide song? Or the early bedsit-angst works of Leonard Cohen? It is hard to recall a more downbeat time in the national demeanour. Brexit has been turned into an enervating, morale-sapping exercise in making the best of a bad job. What should be a moment of renewal and optimism has been reduced to a barely comprehensible debate over various forms of customs arrangements. Here is the great divide: do you favour the New Customs Partnership (NCP) approach (closet Remainer); or are you a “highly streamlined, technologybased customs arrangement” supporter (true Brexiteer)? This conundrum is due to be settled by the Cabinet’s Brexit committee today, though I am not holding my breath. Theresa May is said to favour the NCP option denounced as “cretinous” by Jacob Rees-Mogg and which many Brexiteers regard as tantamount to staying in the EU. On the other hand, if her colleagues plump for the second option, that will look like a defeat for the Prime Minister. With less than a year to go to the official date for leaving the EU, our government is locked in an argument that makes Swift’s satirical war between the Big Endians and the Little Endians over how to break an egg look positively sane. I will spare readers the stultifying details of the customs dispute, not least because I am not sure I understand them. Essentially, this is a political fight, a re-run of the referendum. The country may have voted to leave the EU; but since 48 per cent wanted to stay, that option has never really been killed off. Remainers who purport to be reconciled to Brexit and claim to be arguing only over the form it should take still think they can reverse it. In the end, this decision will be taken by parliament, though you might be forgiven for thinking it had already done so when the Commons agreed to trigger Article 50 by a substantial majority last year. Not a bit of it. In the Lords on Monday, peers passed an amendment to the EU Withdrawal Bill setting out what should occur if MPs reject the final deal (assuming there is one) when it is put to the Commons in October. In such circumstances, the Government would be told to go back and try again, which is clearly a preposterous idea since an agreement will already have been reached between governments and ratified by European legislatures. Brexiteers argue that in such circumstances we would leave with no deal. But the Commons will simply not allow that to happen because of the cliff-edge uncertainties it entails. Moreover, if the EU was asked to suspend the Article 50 process, is it really being suggested that they would deny the UK the option to stay? No-deal brinkmanship might have been a credible strategy had Theresa May comprehensively won the snap general election, which seemed like a good idea at the time. When parliament was dissolved a year ago today, the Prime Minister set out confident of securing the big majority she needed to avoid precisely the political quicksands that are now threatening to engulf her government. We all know what happened. So now what? There is a sense in Whitehall that the next two months are critical to the future of Brexit and the survival of the Government, starting with today’s Cabinet committee meeting. The best-case scenario runs like this. Ministers agree on the technical option for avoiding a hard border in Ireland and go all-out to sell this to the party and the country as a practical and feasible solution. Towards the end of the month, the Commons will vote on an amendment to the Trade Bill to keep the UK in a customs union and the Government sees off a Tory rebellion and wins. Mrs May then goes to the June summit in Brussels to persuade EU leaders to accept a compromise based around an off-the-peg EEA agreement which would enable the UK to continue trading goods and services freely. As non-EU EEA States are not in the Common Commercial Policy, the UK could enter into its own free trade arrangements outside the bloc. This is a sensible, least-worst solution that we should have adopted 18 months ago. The doomsday alternative is that the Government gets into a fight in the Commons, loses the vote on the customs union or fails to reverse this READ MORE at telegraph.co.uk/ opinion week’s Lords amendment and Theresa May resigns. For this to happen there will have to be more than a dozen Tory MPs ready to countenance the prospect of Jeremy Corbyn in Downing Street. A few are said to be prepared to risk what they see as a short-term calamity for the long-term prize of reversing Brexit but it is not clear how many. In truth, no one really knows what would transpire if the Government fell. There would presumably be an election, but what would it be about – leaving without an agreement or staying in the EU? What if it again resulted in no party winning an outright majority? A coalition could only be cobbled together with parties that take a similar view of Brexit; yet they may not represent a majority in the country. The price of any pact might well be the promise of another referendum, though what would the question be? And if it ended up reversing the last one, how would that help unite the country? It would be an unmitigated political and constitutional mess. Tory MPs thinking of helping to defeat the Government on what would effectively be a confidence issue need to consider that they may unleash demons far scarier than anything they have convinced themselves will be conjured up by our leaving the EU. They may well think that staying in the EU is in the long-term interests of the country – but we had that argument during the referendum. By precipitating a crisis in the hope of reversing Brexit, they risk causing chaos and national humiliation. If we wanted some appropriate music to accompany that debacle, how about this from Les Miserables: “Do you hear the people sing? Singing the songs of angry men?” School strivers deserve support not criticism Justine Greening’s idea of discriminating against Etonians overlooks the role of family values SHERELLE JACOBS I come from humble Midlands stock; my family history is one of miners, crooks and horseshoe filers. But in the Eighties, something interesting happened. My Nigerian father – an ambitious disciplinarian – married my Black Country mother, a woman determined that her offspring wouldn’t also suffer a “tat” education. They pushed me hard as a child. It worked: I was educated at St Paul’s, one of Britain’s finest schools. A degree from a red-brick university and a career in journalism ensued. That is why former education secretary Justine Greening’s suggestion that employers should show a preference for candidates from under-performing secondaries, compared to those from elite schools such as Eton, makes me shudder. It devalues the struggles and striving of families like mine. If you are a parent, what is the point of toiling to pay school fees if employers are going to discriminate against your children? If you are a bright student, what is the point in sweating to pass entrance exams for world-class schools if the person who failed them is more likely to get a job? I make the latter point in sadness. I come from a family of working-class people whose lives were defined by their failure to pass the 11-plus. When money was tight, I went to one of the worst-performing primary schools in the country, in a flaking Victorian building where boys threw chairs at the teachers and year groups were combined because there weren’t enough classrooms. Good schooling matters: St Paul’s was my lucky break. But the solution should be improving state schools, not discriminating against the privileged and the brilliant. Progress has been made in recent years. Attainment levels in London state schools, in particular, have steadily improved. This is partly down to more competition and choice, and more effective school inspections. But it is also because head teachers have been given the freedom to lead, and to transform their schools. Yet there is still so much more to do. We shouldn’t get bogged down with penalising parents who don’t have time to wait for change. Ms Greening’s proposal also overlooks the fact that, when it comes to academic achievement, parents shape children just as much as their schools do. Immigrant families often powerfully demonstrate this – as the story of the new Home Secretary, Sajid Javid, hints. This son of a Lancashire bus driver of Pakistani heritage is not the only one in his family to excel. One of his brothers is a property developer and another is Chief Superintendent of West Midlands Police. None of them went to private school. So what – apart from aspirational, forceful parenting – could be the common denominator? I look at my own story, too. In Africa, the Ibo Nigerians are mocked as penny-pinching shopkeepers. Indeed, all the time I was focusing on my schooling at St Paul’s, I could see my dad in my peripheral vision, keeping his card store open until 11pm to pay the fees. The sense of responsibility made me work. And, even if it was just by osmosis, I must have absorbed some of the ambition of FOLLOW Sherelle Jacobs on Twitter @Sherelle_E_J; READ MORE at telegraph.co.uk/ opinion a man who went from being a 16-yearold orphaned soldier in the Biafran war to graduating from Durham University; and one who built a family business in this country from scratch to give his three children the best start in life. Immigrants aren’t intrinsically more hard-working than the English. My mother’s family are grafters. My white ancestors literally worked themselves to death in coal pits. But sometimes I wonder if immigrants are more willing to believe in silly dreams that to many just seem out of reach; and more zealous about getting their children ahead. That would, if you extended Ms Greening’s logic, put immigrants at an unfair advantage, of course. Perhaps she feels that employers should also probe candidates about their family backgrounds and discount those with pushy parents, citing unfair advantage? That would be preposterous. Instead, we need better schools for all, and more hard-working, optimistic family values. The extraordinary story of the Home Secretary is a reminder of what determined, loving parents can help their children to achieve. We don’t need to punish Etonians for their privileges. But we do need more families like the Javids. *** The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 May 2018 19 Letters to the Editor A sensible border solution is achievable I n her Mansion House speech six weeks ago, setting out the Government’s rebooted Brexit policy, Theresa May outlined two options for customs arrangements to deliver the commitment to a “frictionless border” between the UK and the EU in Ireland and at the Channel ports. One involves the UK mirroring the EU’s requirements for imports from the rest of the world, applying the same tariffs and rules of origin as the EU for those goods arriving in the UK and intended for the EU. The second would require a joint agreement to implement a range of measures to minimise frictions to trade and simplify arrangements for moving goods across the border. Goods moving between the UK and the rest of the world would be allowed to travel through the EU without paying EU duties and vice versa. So-called trusted trader schemes and advanced IT solutions would be deployed so that vehicles do not need to stop at the border. Both of these options have so far been rejected by EU negotiators; but the Cabinet’s Brexit committee will today seek an agreement around one of them. The idea of the UK effectively acting as the EU’s external frontier and collecting its tariffs is seen as a non-starter by Tory Brexiteers. They say it is complex, would take years to introduce and would destroy the UK’s chances of obtaining free trade deals because third countries would have to pay EU-level tariffs and then try to prove the goods ended up on the UK market. The second option, however, would require technological infrastructure, such as cameras, and would not entirely eliminate the need for checks at the UK-EU frontier in Ireland. This is seen as failing to meet the pledge not to introduce a “hard border”. There is a danger of a crisis being triggered by a definitional misunderstanding. A border has existed between Ireland and Northern Ireland for nearly 100 years and the sort of infrastructure needed to enforce the second option would not constitute a “hard” border in most people’s books. Some sort of unobtrusive and light-touch infrastructure will inevitably be needed to monitor the arrangements, but this should not be an obstacle to agreement. Michel Barnier this week said Britain had to come up with “fresh thinking” to avoid the talks collapsing. But if all sides took a sensible and pragmatic approach a solution should be eminently achievable. Peers out of line T he House of Lords has been taking chunks out of the EU Withdrawal Bill during its final stages in the upper chamber. The Government has suffered seven defeats at the hands of peers over matters ranging from the exercise of ministerial powers to the implications of a rejection of the final Brexit deal by MPs. Some irritated Brexiteers have denounced the temerity of these unelected peers in seeking to thwart “the will of the people” and demanded the reform of the Upper House or even its abolition. They have some cause to regard the Lords as unrepresentative of the political balance in the country. The Opposition has a majority in the Upper House, with 296 Lib Dems and Labour peers to 248 Tories, with the balance held by crossbenchers. It is unsurprising that the Government has been defeated, not least when 20 or so Conservatives voted against it. The job of the Lords is to act as a revising chamber to improve legislation, not to thwart the wishes of the Commons. Most peers know this because scores of them have served as MPs. Any amendments they make can be overturned by the Commons. If peers continue to insist upon changes, the Government can use the Parliament Act to override their objections. But this would delay legislation for a year; and in the case of Brexit would clearly be an attempt to wreck the process. There are suspicions that Remainers in the Commons are colluding with peers to engineer a political crisis over Brexit. The Lords have a legitimate fiunction to perform in our bicameral democracy; but they must be careful not to overstep the mark, lest there be demands for it to become unicameral. Legal tender glances A s it counts the days to the royal wedding, a fortnight on Saturday, the nation must wonder how best to commemorate it. At the tasteful end of the souvenir market the Royal Mint offers a £5 coin (prices starting at £13), promising it will help buyers “capture the moment Prince Harry and Meghan say ‘I do’ ” (even if, during the marriage service, they actually say “I will”). But there they are, on a cupro-nickel disc 1.52 inches across, a living likeness for hearts loyal enough to make it out, he stubble-chinned, she clutching an arm with steely grip. “The pair can be seen looking lovingly into each other’s eyes,” says the Royal Mint helpfully, though the glance is hard to pin down numismatically. And should possessors ever tire of this memorial token, the coin “can be exchanged for goods or services at main Post Office branches”. We accept letters by post, fax and email only. Please include name, address, work and home telephone numbers. 111 Buckingham Palace Road, London SW1W 0DT FAX 020 7931 2878 EMAIL dtletters@ telegraph.co.uk FOLLOW Telegraph Letters on Twitter @LettersDesk Interpreters betrayed SIR – Ruth Dudley Edwards’s timely article (Comment, May 1), coupled with the Lords’ vote to block any “no deal” Brexit outcome, show just what the Government is up against, as it tries to implement the referendum vote. As in any negotiation, Britain had to make clear its willingness to walk away at any point. Its position was then undermined by the Treasury’s well-flagged unwillingness even to prepare for such an outcome. Nor, probably, was it much helped by Keir Starmer’s naive insistence that, if Labour took over, it would never walk away but simply keep talking. No doubt to its amazement, the EU was thus put on notice that this was no negotiation at all: that, whereas Britain might have had the better opening negotiating hand, its ace had been wilfully thrown away. Perhaps one should not expect better from the Lords, but it is still startling that it too offers support to the EU negotiators, by confirming that the Government’s hands are tied. We have been told that Brexit means SIR – As the new Home Secretary rights the wrongs endured by the Windrush generation, I call upon him to redress the harm caused to another group caught up in the “hostile immigration environment” – namely our former Afghan interpreters. For a minority of the interpreters – some 600 out of 2,600 – a “resettlement scheme” was offered; but they were only given five-year visas, and had no automatic right to bring their families over, unless they came immediately. For some interpreters, those five years come to an end next year, and the Home Office will not tell them whether their visas will be renewed – a wicked game to play with men of such honour. This uncertainty also limits their employment prospects, despite their excellent English and understanding of our culture. However, access to the resettlement scheme was arbitrarily limited to those who had served for a year, in Helmand, between December 19 2011 and December 19 2012. There was no rhyme or reason to those criteria beyond effectively excluding the majority (2,000) of our former interpreters – thus achieving the goal of limiting immigration. Credible reporting by the UN and others has documented the fate of those left behind – some driven from their homes by the Taliban, some murdered, and some forced to become refugees and asylum-seekers. This is a shameful way to treat those who served with our service personnel, shared their risks and now, precisely because of their service, are unable to “hide in plain sight” in Afghanistan – the usual advice they are given by our embassy in Kabul. Sajid Javid promises better for the Windrush generation; let him do the same for our Afghan interpreters too. Col Simon Diggins (retd) Rickmansworth, Hertfordshire “taking back control”. If we actually do, then, once on our own, we shall need to find leaders who understand how the world really works. Gordon Bonnyman Frant, East Sussex SIR – The House of Lords is a revising chamber, not a wrecking chamber. It has no right to thwart the will of the people. If the Lords don’t understand that, they must be abolished. Bernard Gallivan Edinburgh SIR – An unelected body instinctively acts to protect unelected bureaucrats. Didn’t Viscount Hailsham, who put forward the amendment to the EU Withdrawal Bill, once charge the taxpayer for the cleaning of his moat? Mark Robbins Bruton, Somerset SIR – A majority voted Leave and any idea that Remainers can cheat this majority out of their victory will, in my opinion, result in civil unrest at the very least and the collapse of democracy at worst. Adrian Johnston Rugby, Warwickshire SIR – The arch-Remainer combo of Theresa May and Philip Hammond is determined to sell us out with this “EU Mark 2” idea. Of all ideas – yet another that Michel Barnier will bat to one side – this is the most ridiculous. It would make the UK an EU vassal state. Brian Curd St Ives, Dorset SIR – How can Mr Barnier live with his own rhetoric? “No matter how big or small a country is in the EU, we stand by each other through thick and thin,” he says. Why do Germans pay less than Polish consumers of Russian gas? Why is such high unemployment (youth unemployment particularly) tolerated in Spain, Portugal, Italy and Greece? So much for all being in it together. Simon McIlroy Croydon, Surrey Timely funerals SIR – May I offer sincere condolences to Anne Griffin (Letters, May 1) on the loss of her husband. May she only know joyous events in the future. But she misunderstands the dispute with Mary Hassell, the senior coroner for inner north London. Nobody ever asked Ms Hassell to prioritise dealing with Jewish and Muslim deaths over those of everybody else. She was only asked to take proper account of every family’s wishes and requirements. The point is, as the courts have now agreed, that her policy of operating a “cab rank” system failed to distinguish between those families that were planning funerals several weeks in the future and those that wanted a funeral sooner, whether for religious reasons, in the case of Jews and Muslims, or for any other reasons, as, for example, in the case of Mrs Griffin’s late husband. Had Mr Griffin died with Ms Hassell’s policy in force, it is actually more likely that it would have been impossible to hold his funeral before Christmas in accordance with the family’s wishes, than under the more enlightened systems used by many other coroners up and down the country where specific family wishes are given proper consideration. Brian Gedalla London N3 Wonderland targets SIR – When is a target not a target? According to a former immigration minister it is when the Home Office has an “ambition” to increase the removal of illegal immigrants by the defined amount of 10 per cent. How much further is it down the rabbit hole, as Alice might have asked? Sir John Nutting QC London W1 NATIONAL PORTRAIT GALLERY, LONDON established 1855 The Lords follow the Treasury in throwing away Britain’s Brexit ace Ford Madox Brown’s portrait of Henry and Millicent Fawcett (1872) Repairing Salisbury’s memorial to a suffragist sir – The unveiling of the muchpraised statue of Dame Millicent Fawcett (report, April 25) means that a husband and wife have now been publicly commemorated in the same way for the first time outside the Royal family. Henry Fawcett, Liberal MP from 1865 until his early death in 1884, was excluded from the Cabinet solely on account of his blindness, as Gladstone told him apologetically. There are statues of him in Victoria Embankment Gardens (a short distance from his wife’s in Parliament Square) and in the centre of Salisbury, his birthplace, where he spoke powerfully in support of women’s suffrage in the company of his devoted spouse. The Salisbury statue is badly in need of cleaning and repair. In view of the couple’s unique statuary achievement, should not restoration work be set in hand in Salisbury, where tourism needs a boost in the aftermath of the nerve poison attack? Lord Lexden London SW1 Day of the knotweed SIR – I don’t like to worry John Brandon (Letters, April 28) about the spread of knotweed, but seawater only did for the triffids in the inferior film version of John Wyndham’s novel. In the book, they continued to flourish. Roy Freeman Tunbridge Wells, Kent Light programme SIR – Never mind the possible link between LED lighting and disease (Letters, May 1), my complaint is that my digital radio will not work at night under this lighting. Peter Jordan Pinner, Middlesex Will Sainsbury’s and Asda keep all stores open? SIR – Sainsbury’s and Asda assure us there will be no store closures. Really? Close to us, we have a large Asda store opposite an equally large Sainsbury’s store at a busy roundabout. Obviously one of the two will close. John Tilsiter Radlett, Hertfordshire SIR – Stephen Edwards (Letters, May 1) asks what Sainsbury’s customers will make of this “socially downmarket” merger. I think it could be good news for Waitrose, provided its shelves are better stocked than they currently are. Jane O’Nions Sevenoaks, Kent SIR – I am not so sure this merger should be regarded as a downmarket move. Despite vociferous protests that there was no demand for a German supermarket in Guildford, I now have difficulty getting into its car park for all the Mercedes, BMWs and Range Rovers. Stephen Askew Woking, Surrey SIR – For the sake of social inclusion, what I really want to see is the merger of Waitrose and Lidl. Guy Bargery Edinburgh Law of banking SIR – John Snook (Letters, April 30) discusses the poor service he has received from various banks. After many years of dealing with banks – in business as well as privately, and in many countries – I have developed an iron law of banking: no matter how bad the bank you are using is, the bank you move to will be worse. On this basis, I am afraid that there is no hope for Mr Snook in his quest to find a better bank. Roger Clark Christchurch, New Zealand About face SIR – Mik Shaw (Letters, May 1) says many of his students didn’t understand the words clockwise and anticlockwise. Every day, Alan Turing used to ask his co-workers at GCHQ a riddle. One morning he asked: “Which way does a clock go?” “Clockwise,” came the chorus. “Not if you’re the clock,” said he. Keith Chadbourn Over Compton, Dorset SIR – Curious clock faces (Letters, May 1) are not unusual and not, of course, confined to churches. My grandchildren were never confused by this kitchen clock, which sums up their grandmother’s attitude to whatever is thrown at her. Hugh Ogus Stanmore, Middlesex Iran is not the only danger – Isil is still a terror force The uncovering of Tehran’s nuclear secrets must not let us believe rogue states are the sole threat to peace CON COUGHLIN HLIN I ran’s decades-long insistence that its nuclear intentions are entirely peaceful is starting to wear a bit thin following the daring raid by Israeli agents that resulted in them stealing the crown jewels of Tehran’s nuclear programme. For those of us who have followed the Iran nuclear brief closely over many years, the dramatic revelations made by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu have an all-too-familiar ring of truth about them. The essence of Mr Netanyahu’s case is that, soon after signing the 2015 nuclear deal, the Iranians collected all the relevant paperwork relating to its clandestine nuclear weapons programme and stored it in a top-secret location in the Shorabad district of Tehran. Only a very small number of Iranians knew the precise whereabouts of the storage facility, but this did not prevent Israel’s Mossad intelligence agency from discovering its location. Then, in the course of a single night, the Israelis succeeded in removing half a tonne of documents, a feat hailed by Mr Netanyahu as one of his country’s “biggest ever intelligence achievements”. Of course the naysayers, like our own Foreign Office, who want to preserve the flawed deal at all costs, are already trying to play down the significance of the Israeli discovery, claiming it is nothing more than a stunt by Mr Netanyahu to persuade the Trump administration to end Washington’s support for the nuclear agreement when it comes up for renewal on May 12. Leading the charge, somewhat predictably, was Federica Mogherini, the EU’s foreign affairs chief, who said the Israeli claims did “not put into question” Tehran’s compliance with the deal. And yet, what no one seems to be challenging is the claim that the Iranians did have this cache of top-secret material squirrelled away in a nondescript suburb of Tehran. Moreover, such conduct on the part of the Iranians is entirely in keeping with the obsessive secrecy that has defined their approach ever since they first began work on developing nuclear weapons, which most intelligence specialists agree was some time after the end of the Iran-Iraq war in the Nineties. How else do you explain the construction of the underground Natanz uranium enrichment plant that Iran built in total secrecy in the Nineties until its existence was eventually exposed by opposition activists? Behaviour like this explains why doubts have been raised about Tehran’s commitment to the nuclear deal, concerns that are likely to deepen in the wake of the latest Israeli revelations. If, as seems increasingly likely, the Trump administration does decide to walk away from the deal next week, a number of other factors, quite apart from Iran’s failure to make a full and unequivocal disclosure on its nuclear activities, will inform the decision. The Trump administration makes no secret of its assessment that Iran is the world’s leading state sponsor of terrorism, a view that has hardened following the dramatic expansion of Tehran’s military involvement in Arab countries such as Yemen, Iraq and Syria. In particular, Iran’s multi-billion dollar investment in the Assad regime has allowed it to build a network of military bases in Syria equipped with thousands of missiles, a development that has generated a great deal of alarm in neighbouring Israel. Iran’s military take-over of Syria, moreover, will allow Tehran to increase its support for terrorist organisations like Hizbollah, which controls most of southern Lebanon, a development that Western leaders should view with alarm. Since the defeat of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (Isil) at the end of last year, there has been a growing tendency to regard Islamist terrorism as a fading threat, with rogue states like Russia, North Korea and Iran seen as being likely sources of future conflict. But while it is important that we prepare ourselves for the possibility of state-on-state confrontation, it would also be foolhardy to discount completely the threat posed by Islamist terror cells. The devastating series of Isilsponsored terror attacks in Afghanistan this week graphically demonstrates that, while Isil may have been defeated on the battlefield, it has lost none of its appetite for committing acts of carnage. The same goes for other, like-minded Islamist groups such as Hizbollah and Hamas, which have, for years, been the beneficiaries of Iranian largesse. Islamist terror groups are always on the look-out for new opportunities to target their enemies, and a decision by the Trump administration to cut its ties with the nuclear deal might prompt them to launch a new wave of terror attacks against the West and countries viewed as its allies in the region, such as Israel. It is unlikely, though, that Mr Trump will be swayed by concerns that ending the nuclear deal will spark an escalation in Iranian-sponsored terrorism. On the contrary, Washington will view this threat as further evidence that it is high time Tehran is held to account for its actions, whether it is building nuclear weapons or sponsoring terrorism. FOLLOW Con Coughlin on Twitter @concoughlin; READ MORE at telegraph.co.uk/opinion 20 *** Wednesday 2 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph Puzzles, mind games and Telegraph Toughie Puzzles Test your wits with our famous crosswords puzzles.telegraph.co.uk UZ Z L E S P Enjoy all your favourite puzzles online If you haven’t joined yet, try our free trial now at puzzles.telegraph.co.uk 1. 3. FASHION FEATURES The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 May 2018 *** 21 Allison Pearson When did raising a family become a luxury? Page 25 Look out, Kate – you’ve now got a threenager! As Princess Charlotte turns three today, Maria Lally says the terrible twos have nothing on your child’s ‘first adolescence’ FASHION W Sophie hie Hill Meett the man woman changing nging the way we e-shop op Page 24 FEATURE Real-life ‘Missing’ Who abducted Katrice Lee? Page 26 ARTS GC IMAGES; GETTY IMAGES; AP Under assault Women are getting the blame for TV violence Page 27 hen Princess Charlotte confidently turned to give a wave to the waiting crowds on her way to meet her new baby brother last week, like the rest of the world, my heart melted a little. But I also smiled in recognition. Because I have my own little princess (more the Disney dress-clad kind than the real thing, but still…), so I know only too well how three-year-old girls can be equal parts sweet and exasperating, only too sure of their cuteness and place in the world. My daughter Rosie, now aged four, and her seven-year-old sister Sophia before her, were both typical “threenagers”, which the Urban Dictionary defines as a three-year-old with the attitude of a teenager. It’s not for nothing the threes are often referred to by child psychologists as the first adolescence and the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge should brace themselves. “I call this stage the attack of the ‘I can do its’,” says Dr Elizabeth Kilbey, a child psychologist and expert on Channel 4’s The Secret Life of 4 & 5-year-olds. “Parents often prepare for the terrible twos, but they’re nothing compared to the threes and fours. “Two-year-olds are actually a little easier, as their tantrums are typically borne out of frustration because they’re unable to express themselves. By the time children get to three, however, they think, in their minds at least, they’re fully independent beings and they bowl into everything with unwavering confidence.” Hence, says Dr Kilbey, Charlotte’s confident turn on the steps of the Lindo Wing. “Threeyear-olds often sound and act older than they really are, engaging in full-blown conversations with their parents, but despite huge leaps in verbal and cognitive ability, they still have no sense of their own limitations, safety, time or reality.” Which explains why Princess Charlotte may be deep into what is also known to the rest of us as the Cute and confident: as the middle child turning three today, Princess Charlotte can use her cuteness to her advantage, as she did on the steps of the Lindo Wing, left, on an official visit to Poland and Germany, below, and on her first day at nursery, bottom “princess phase” – when they decide to wear a creased, slightly too small, polyester Disney princess dress to a formal wedding. Or even a tutu and flip-flops to a 2k Junior Park Run. Shoes have to be glittery, hair bands sparkly and jewellery as jangly as it is plasticky. The advice of Kathryn Mewes, a former Norland nanny and author of The Three Day Nanny, is to pick your battles: “Three is a particularly tricky age and you’ll need to decide what they can be in charge of, and what you can be in charge of.” Kathryn says this newfound need for independence comes from starting nursery or pre-school, which most British children do at two and a half. “When they get to three, they start to take notice of the authority figures such as teachers or nursery assistants, and girls in particular start to re-enact that authority at home and try to take control in the areas they can. “For example, clothes can become a particular battleground for parents of girls. I have a two-year-old daughter who insists on wearing princess dresses and deely-bopper headbands, so I speak with some experience on this. “Girls tend to watch their mothers experiment with clothes – wearing jeans one day, dresses the next – wearing make-up and doing their hair, and they’ll emulate this.” So what can parents do with their threenagers? “First, explain things to them to help them feel in control,” says Kathryn. “Tell them where they’re going, what they’ll be eating and what they need to wear, in advance. “Secondly, give them choices – but not too many. That way they feel in control, but you’re giving them options that are weather – and situation – appropriate. But there’s always a little give and take and on days beginning with T, my daughters can wear their princess dresses if they want to. As a parent you have to be one step ahead of your three- or four-year-old, otherwise they will try to outwit you.” Dr Kilbey says that Charlotte’s newfound place as the middle child m may mean her threenager ttraits will be dialled up even m more. “Much is spoken about tthe overlooked middle-child ssyndrome, the position C Charlotte now finds herself in. N Nothing a middle child does is n novel because their older ssibling has got there first, and tthey no longer get the special d dispensation handed out to the y youngest. So they often b behave in a way that will get them noticed – which means th they may be either a little n naughty – or cute.” Which is perhaps Charlotte’s ta tactic. “She has an edge in being th only girl sandwiched between the ttwo boys, and she’ll learn to use tthis to her advantage,” says Dr K Kilbey. My own daughter’s take o on this theory includes a heartm melting dimple, ringlets and a sslightly more high-pitched than u usual baby voice she’ll often use w when she’s trying to get her own w way (usually with my husband aand her grandparents). As the youngest girl in my own family who spent years using similar tactics, I see right through this and ignore it – while quietly bracing myself for the time my tiny threenager becomes a full-blown teenager and battles over princess dresses will seem like a breeze… 22 *** Wednesday 2 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph FASHION When it comes to our wardrobes, mothers – and grandmothers – know best. Our editors share the familial tips they dress by Lisa Armstrong – Two words: classic and quality My mother’s the least vain woman I know. She’d rather have good food in the fridge than fashion statements in her wardrobe. My three sisters take after her. But I loved clothes from the get-go. The more I trawl through old family photos, the more I appreciate her style, part Natalie Wood part Ali MacGraw. There’s the photograph of her with my second sister, aged a few months, and me, aged around two (right). My mother’s in a navy bouclé dress, with a top-handled bag… we’re by the swings and she’s dressed like Jackie Kennedy. She’s never been one for gazing in the mirror or agonising over what to put on. I begged her to wear make-up like other school mothers but it wasn’t her thing. She was, however, scrupulous about looking after her skin. For my 12th birthday, uncharacteristically, she gave me a Boots cleanser, toner and moisturiser – a lifelong morning and evening ritual was born. Perhaps the Seventies, my father’s wildly fluctuating finances and moving to deepest Dorset got in the way of my mother and the wardrobe she’d have liked. Not that she complained. But when she remarried, it was in Yves Saint Laurent. That’s quite telling. And then there was the Christian Dior teal dress. Unfathomably, it had a CD monogram on the breast pocket – we teased her because it made her look as though she worked fo a bank. One time for sshe wore it to nip into th the one and only local d department store and sshe was mistaken for the m manager. We never let h her live it down. Showy d dressing wasn’t part of tthe family pact. Maybe that’s why she h has a tendency to grab tthe collar of whatever II’m wearing to peer at tthe label – a habit that u used to drive me mad ((I probably felt guilty aabout my extravagance) b but I now find funny. Her fashion splurges o occurred once a d decade – and I’d always b borrow them. She has c classic taste, an eye for q quality and heightened aantennae when it Charlie Gowans-Eglinton – Only buy what you love Many mornings, on opening my wardrobe, I envy those women with a personal uniform. I long to be someone with a rotating wardrobe of navy, grey and white staples in cashmere and silk, all of which go together and can be made into stylish, understated outfits in a few minutes. Instead, a shantung silk Mao jacket jostles for space on the rail between a leopard print ponyskin coat and a pink brocade duster. There are lots of silk blouses, but red, p pink and yellow ones, c covered with flowers, s spots and stripes. None o them much go with of a of the bottom halves any o the shelf below. on “Do you love it?” my m mother (left) has always a asked me on shopping t trips. Not “What does it g with?” or “Where will go y wear it?” or “Do you you really need it?” Just, invariably: “Do you love it?” As a 10-year-old on Australia’s east coast, Mum rebelled against the strictures of an all-girls convent school uniform with magazine dress patterns and her sewing machine: she’d rush home and change into a muumuu she’d made from a bedsheet, dyed pink, and tie raffia daisies around her ankles. At university in the Seventies, she’d go to lectures barefoot: perhaps she just couldn’t find shoes she really loved. These days, meeting up for a walk on the heath at the weekend could mean a pink leather jacket, a polka dot blouse, small round sunglasses or gobstoppersized amber and turquoise rings. Her advice is the reason my column in these pages is called The Passion Shopper. Sometimes it’s a short-lived fling, though not because I fall out of love – beloved summer dresses literally come apart at the seams; a pair of Camilla Elphick silver ankle boots peeled free of their sole after nearconstant wear through snow and sleet. Joy-bringing pieces liven up my day more than a classic ever could, so I live in them until they fall to pieces. I inherited my mum’s face, love of red wine, and tendency to come home with yellow shoes when I went out to buy black. The black pair might be more useful – but would I really love them? Krissy Turner – Invest in classics My mother and I have dressed similarly for as far back as I can remember; we recently turned up for a shopping trip in chunky knits, identical Topshop jeans and Zara ankle boots. But my grandmother (pictured opposite, top WIREIMAGE The style advice we’ve never forgotten comes to the ridiculous. I often think of my mother when I’m watching a particularly “challenging” catwalk show, which is handy, because she’s a Daily Telegraph reader. ISABEL SPEARMAN W H Y I T WO R K S Find a shape that suits – and fits – and skirts can become a workwear staple A-line skirt, £180 (cefinn.com) Asymmetric skirt, £55, Studio by Preen (debenhams.com) Splatter print skirt, £120 ( jigsaw-online.com) Q I live in trousers ousers at the office ce but feel that my wardrobe needss a ep refresh and, deep breath, a skirt. Where should I start? A The first rt grown-up skirt ght I ever bought ck was a Prada black wool pencil skirtt hop from a charity shop in Newcastle for the almighty sum off £85, a purchase well get. beyond my budget. I was so proud off ore my find and I wore art it often at the start en I of my career when was trying to be taken ver, seriously. However, bly on it rode up horribly uld the hips and would he swing around the ng waist, unravelling whatever I had neatly r. I spent tucked in earlier. most of the time selfing consciously pulling own, the skirt back down, ating completely defeating the purpose. ame, To avoid the same, finding the rightt style ant – and fit is important rts are once you do, skirts an excellent e. workwear staple. Hem length will depend on how you egs. feel about your legs. I hate my knees (a pretty common issue) but I’m happy appy with my ankles, so anything from below the knee to et ankle is my sweet spot. I’m partial to A-line skirts ass g they’re flattering s Check skirt, £159 (hugob (hugoboss.com) Pleated skirt, £455, Rokh (net-a-porter.com) for m my pearfigur as long as I shaped figure tuck the top h half in: as a general rule, tops look best tucked in or at a least fitted at the waist to balance out the proportions. A tailored proportio blazer, the more fitted the m better and not no too long in the body, also works well over skirts to emphasise the waist (or create the illusion of on one). Don’t feel tthat you need to stick to bla black and navy. A print, like Jigsaw’s splatter Jig print or Hugo Boss’s check, will look good goo with a crisp white shirt or a simple navy knit. Preen’s excellent collection for Debenhams includes a striped midistr skirt with the perfect amount of flip. If you prefer block colours then try to keep everything tonal to avoid looking too corporate, for example a khaki skirt with a cream top. As for shoes, the shorter the skirt the lower the heel. A mid-length looks great with a court shoe heel and an elegant but chunky loafer balances out anything above the knee. To ask Isabel Spearman your workwear questions, email isabel.spearman @telegraph.co.uk or follow her on Instagram @isabelspearman *** The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 May 2018 23 GETTING DRESSED (WITHOUT THE FUSS) Caroline Leaper – Don’t wear silly shoes Most of the fashion advice that my mother (right) has given over the years has had a practical slant: “Always check the composition label before buying something” or “It’s fine to machinewash most things if you do it cold and in a pillowcase”, etc. Her absolute favourite, though (best dispensed as I’d totter precariously out the door as a teenager) has always been “don’t wear silly shoes”. In my mind, unfortunately, this particular gem conflicts with another piece of style advice that I have always liked better; to pick things that are different to the norm, that catch your eye, and that make your heart h sing. My sum of these parts (or the way I had always added them up, at least) means that I have forever been someone who will defiantly suffer on in killer heels – neon, jewel encrusted, ankle-strapped, you name it – on the understanding that, at some point, Like mother, like daughter: Jerry Hall, main, with her model daughters, Elizabeth, far left, and Georgia May Jagger, who have followed in her fashionable footsteps looking at their exciting colours and textures when they were inanimate objects in the box had made me happy. After years of twisted ankles, crushed toes, grass sinkings and so on, I have finally concluded that my mother does know best on this one. I obviously needed to learn it the hard way, but now I’m consciously retiring the skyscrapers in favour of my new kitten heels and fancy flats that are just as occasion-worthy. Her point, I understand now, is that when you feel comfortable, you look comfortable. This summer, I won’t be standing on the sidelines tending to blisters, or doing a naff shoe change into flip flops – I’ll be joining her on the dance floor and having a better time for it. Dressing for a relaxing weekend in the country on the bed, arranged into outfits. This way I avoid over-packing. I might also make a list of what to wear when, if it is to be a long weekend. I doubt most people go to this trouble but they are probably more organised than I am. n invitation There is often a dinner for a country party one evening that weekend is will require something always a smart but not too formal leasure. pleasure. (“sm (“smart casual” seems nce you Once a to appear regularly on have put the wellies inv invitations today). A oof in and a waterproof vis to the farmers’ visit the boot, whatt to m market on Saturday allenge. pack is the challenge. m morning might ould be Weekends should be proposed, a about taking a w walk after Sunday hat break – and that lu lunch perhaps, and ou means what you so sometimes drinks wear as much as at a neighbour’s what you do. Iff you ho house. If you do need ances work then chances to invest in countryare you spend most ap appropriate labels n of your time in w without wanting to restrictive, go down the tweed es, tailored clothes, an and headscarf sober colours and ro route, then good ch. shoes that pinch. lab labels to look at for A weekend in att attractive, smarter the country – casual clothes Tasselled loafer, £195 or anywhere (russellandbromley.co.uk) include J by else – means Jasper Conran a chance to relax and at Debenhams, Bruce escape from all that. You Oldfield at John Lewis, can bring out items you Winser London, Jaeger, feel relaxed in and enjoy Jigsaw, Whistles and Toast, wearing, with possibly among others. a dash more colour. It I don’t like rules about doesn’t mean breaking what to wear when, ut the trackies – they out but outside a city ould be confined should environment it to your own four is better to be alls. Here are walls. comfortable. This me suggestions some doesn’t mean as to what to wear frum looking frumpy, forr a weekend in far from it: it e country, even the lookin means looking if you live in the th great but at the untry yourself. country same time not When I pack m attracting too much ay my I lay attention othes clothes for the Whenever I read about a woman whose mother raised her not to leave the house without matching her handbag to her shoes, I think of the spectrum of fashion messages I absorbed from my family. First, my mother: a make-upeschewing, short-haired, sensible psychologist, alternately bemused and horrified by her daughter’s insistence on wearing only dresses, even on m muddy-play day at nursery. T That I would “grow up” tto be a fashion journalist sstill strikes her as a cosmic jjoke. Fretting over what to w wear to an interview early iin my career, she would ssay, “Emily, they won’t be llooking at you. Just wear b black.” A useful reminder, m maybe, but sometimes you w want to be noticed – for tthe right reasons. Then there’s my maternal grandmother (above, with Emily), whose walk-in wardrobe in Miami was a cave of sequins and boas – which she was happy to share for ice cream runs and other outings. There was no such thing as being overdressed in Marsha’s colourful world – and if you were, then everyone else should try harder, shouldn’t they? Finally, my most stylish aunt: a high-powered advertising executive who introduced me to the concept of pointed stilettos. Working in her office one summer, she sent me to a nearby boutique to pick up a £500 suit. It was cream with black pinstripes, fitted, with flared trousers. She told me: “Just have them throw it in the shopping bag,” and I was horrified, certain she should wait for the tissue paper. Her point was that clothes – whether expensive, utilitarian or fantastical – are for wearing. Not for cosseting in tissue and saving for best. It’s something I think about whenever I wear a printed silk midi-dress or gold tasselled shoes to work on an average Wednesday. I might get some looks on the Tube, but at least they’re looking. If you ask me, it’s for all the right reasons. Easy ways to tweak your summer beauty routine Madison crepe top, £185 (thefoldlondon.com) Tweed jacket, £129 (winserlondon.com) wrong reasons. Extremes like very tight trousers, too short skirts and very low necklines after a certain age don’t necessarily work well. I always pack a couple of pairs of trousers, possibly jeans or chinos and a smarter pair in gabardine. You might prefer to wear skirts, in which case, this season I would suggest a dress or mid-calf pleated skirt for smart wear and a cotton twill or denim one for that country ramble. Start at Uniqlo, M&S, Zara and Mango for these. Juliet Dunn is a great source of decorative tunic tops, as is Monsoon. A knitted jacket from Brora or the White Company is a good idea in case of a change in the weather. I also always pack a dress (which I hope won’t need ironing), and evening There are three key changes to freshen up your make-up regime CONDÉ NAST VIA GETTY IMAGES I some rather smart products on the market that feel – and have the look of – your regular moisturiser, but with an added boost of SPF factor 30 or 50. My current favourite suncare brand is Heliocare. Its 360 Airgel SPF 50+, (£28, heliocare.com) is dispensed like a hair mousse (hear me out) but leaves a sheer, moisturised film of protection on the skin. This innovative texture is a total triumph for all skin types. It also has a slightly tacky texture, similar to that of a primer (which any make-up artist will tell you is the secret to long-lasting make-up). Avène and La Roche-Posay are two other excellent, reliable brands best known for their sophisticated, well-priced sun protection. As for summer make-up tweaks, there’s a quick switch in Chinos, £69 (cosstores.com) Save your blushes: look your best when the warm weather comes by adjusting your skincare Switch up your make-up bag and maybe summer will actually arrive. Beauty director Sonia Haria has faith ’m a firm believer in the principle that as soon as the season changes, so should your make-up and skincare. Admittedly the weather still leaves quite a lot to be desired, especially now that it’s May, but that doesn’t mean we shouldn’t stay hopeful for some sunshine. There’s a certain flush to the cheeks that comes with a little optimism. There are three key changes which will freshen up your make-up routine for the (in theory) warm months ahead. First, and probably unsurprisingly, switch to a moisturiser with added broad-spectrum sun protection. If the thought of slathering a thick sun lotion on your face every day fills you with dread, there are Shirt dress, £55.20, J by Jasper Conran (debenhams.com) A Emily Cronin – Don’t save things for best ZAC FRACKELTON FOR THE TELEGRAPH right) has a ladylike look that is the antithesis of our laidback vibe, which is why I’ve always been obsessed with it. She’d regularly pick me up from primary school with a fresh auburn curly perm and immaculate nails (as a result, I always have painted nails). I’d then sit in her living room leafing through dozens of her catalogues, being careful not to move the slips of paper she’d left next to the pieces she planned to buy while I’d stick Post-it notes on the things I liked. Fast-forward 15 years and when I bought my first designer handbag, she cooed alongside me, reassuring me that I’d wear it all the time and confirming it was a wise buy. While she’s dismayed when I throw an expensive pair of jeans into our regular family charity collection (“They weren’t worth the money in the first place”), she stands by the investments I’ve made in accessories. She nodded in approval when I showcased a pair of Jimmy Choo patent flats I’d bought at a sample sale – “Look at the sole, they’re very well made and your feet stopped growing years ago so you can wear them forever.” She was the first woman I know to speak of a “Fashion formula”. Rather than waste time and money on clothes she’s not comfortable in, she sticks to a modest aesthetic – “My teachers in Ireland were nuns” – pairing coloured jersey T-shirts with expertly matched printed skirts, worn with sandals for the warmer months then cashmere and boots for winter. Evenings out call for a few outfit enhancers; she’ll simply throw on some pearls, her favourite pinky-beige lipstick and a smart wool coat, the lapels peppered with gold brooches. �nna �arvey imeless �tyle base that makes a big difference. Rather than applying foundation – which usually leaves a heavier, matte finish along with evening out the complexion – try using just a concealer and bronzer instead. Conceal wherever you feel you need coverage (under the eyes, redness around the nose, and any blemishes you may have) but leave as much skin free of make-up as you can. Instead, add a little warmth to the skin with a bronzer. The mere mention of bronzer strikes fear in many women, understandably, but I feel there are two conditions for a good bronzer for women over 30 – choose a matte shade in a sheer cream formula. The best by far is Chanel’s classic Soleil Tan De Chanel, (£40, chanel.com) which comes in a satisfyingly large tub that lasts for months and months. Apply it with your fingers or a big synthetic blusher brush on areas where you’d trousers and a top, to give myself a choice when the moment for decisionmaking comes. Having packed the wellies (mine are very old but brilliantly comfortable Chameau), you need a pair of flat day shoes and a more glamorous pair for the evening, medium or flat heels (vertiginous heels do not work in the country as a general rule and are an example of drawing the wrong kind of attention to yourself, unless you are young enough to carry them off) and perhaps a small clutch bag. It might also be a good idea to pack a pair of warm pyjamas, since we all know what nights in cold houses can be like. naturally tan – tops of your cheeks, temples and down the bridge of your nose. It’s a one-shade suitsall modern bronzer that deserves a place in every make-up bag this summer. The concealer-bronzer trick epitomises summer beauty to me. It’s about skin looking like skin, just better. Next, try switching from powder textures to gel formulas where you can. This applies to lips, cheeks, lids and brows. The beauty of gels is that in cosmetics they typically “stain” the skin with long-lasting colour, and they leave a grown-up sheen when applied. For a pop of colour, I love The Body Shop’s bargain Lip & Cheek Stains (£8, thebodyshop.com) which come in a few flattering shades. The product leaves a semi-transparent flush of colour that is easy to build. Smile and dab the product on to the chubbiest part of the cheek, and for lips, just layer on until you reach the desired depth of colour. With my brows, I often reach for the Arch Brow Volumising Fibre Gel by Hourglass (£22, hourglasscosmetics. com) which is easy-peasy to apply and fills the brows naturally without the telltale matte look of a pencil. Finally, for the all-important eye make-up, a wash of Charlotte Tilbury’s Eyes to Mesmerise gelcream eyeshadow in the taupegold shade Marie Antoinette (£22, charlottetilbury.com) is just enough to enhance the eyes for a pretty, fresh look. The hint of sparkle within the cream catches the sunlight (that is, when it finally appears) beautifully. 24 *** Wednesday 2 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph FASHION ANDREW CROWLEY FOR THE TELEGRAPH; INSTAGRAM/@THREADSSTYLING Revolutionary: Sophie Hills says the bar for convenience is rising all the time, with Threads Styling finding a global customer base The woman changing the way we shop for luxury Sophie Hill tells Bethan Holt how she uses social media to take luxury fashion to time-pressed customers L et’s imagine you’re searching for the perfect dress for a summer wedding. In fact, most of us probably are right now. The default approach might once have been to dedicate a day to scouring the shops or spending evenings giving yourself RSI from scrolling through endless pages of options on websites. But Sophie Hill, the founder of Threads Styling, is on a mission to bring those of us with money to spend into her brave – and ultra-convenient – new world of “luxury social commerce”. Threads barely even has a website, but instead does all its business through Instagram, WhatsApp, Snapchat and, in China, WeChat. Thanks to Hill’s crack team of personal shoppers, there is no tiresome typing of even a “www.” Instead, you simply peruse Threads’ Instagram Stories (mini videos that appear for 24 hours on the app), which show Dior gowns being twirled in, Rolex watches touted on wrists or Malone Souliers kitten heels being slipped into, and then swipe through to buy on whichever messaging service is convenient to you. If it isn’t showcasing exactly what you want, or never knew you needed, via its social media channels then you can send screen grabs and photos, or brief personal shoppers, and they’ll do the rest of the hard work for you. They then learn what you love and send more recommendations. The majority of Threads’ customers are high-net- worth millennial and Gen Z fashion devotees who require multiple wardrobes for lives that involve flitting from skiing to sun to city in a matter of days. The company’s average order value is $3,343 (£2,455), while the most expensive item ever purchased through the service came in at almost $1 million. “I think the element of ivory-tower mentality in fashion has really started to change,” says 35-year-old Hill, sitting in her ultra-modern working space in Shoreditch. Gone are the days of feeling intimidated by designer shopping; for Hill and her team, customers are “community” and “real people”. In effect, Threads aims to be your super-stylish, in-the-know friend who always has just the thing and will go to the ends of the earth to secure it for you. “The bar for convenience is ever increasing. What the consumer expects today is a given tomorrow, any blockers along the journey are quite frustrating,” adds Hill, who has the polished fashion-businesswoman look down pat in a flared Proenza Schouler midi skirt, black cashmere knit and Céline pumps. Her two phones are never far from her fingertips and her hands jangle with Cartier and Van Cleef bangles and rings by Spinelli. While Hill is clearly most keen to talk up her young, wealthy customers who can’t get enough of Elie Saab gowns and Balenciaga Triple S trainers, the Threads proposition has helped plenty of people with more targeted style dilemmas, too. “I’d had an operation and really didn’t feel like going round lots of bridal stores trying things on, but needed a wedding dress as it was late May and I was getting married in mid-August,” says stylist and fashion editor Georgina Lucas. “I found a Maticevski dress I loved the look of online but couldn’t find it anywhere. A friend recommended I try Threads so I Whatsapped a picture to them and told them the size I was looking for. Within four hours they had replied saying they’d found it in my size, how much it was, the returns policy and their finding fee, which was about 10 per cent [Threads also takes commission from brands]. I still have no idea how they tracked it down but it arrived via courier and fitted perfectly.” Threads’ super-connected, conveniencedemanding customers have also converted their parents and older relatives to the joys of quick and easy luxury shopping. “Millennials are the most influential generation and the impact which they can have on their parents is huge,” Hill marvels. “Research has shown that they influence holidays, fashion and event choices, so they’re naturally pulling them into their world. Even the fact that a lot of parents have moved to Instagram so that they can stay in touch with family shows it’s definitely not a platform just f the young.” for Hill, who is from Sheffield o originally, started Threads i the early 2010s. She in h studied sociology and had s social policy at Leeds before w working in a series of buying a merchandising roles and a Arcadia. Her initial idea at w to service the needs of was t tourists coming to London o Paris to shop. or “Very quickly, we were l looking after several clients in London. I hired a team and within weeks we realised it wasn’t about them being here, it was about them being anywhere.” Now Threads works with “superpower” brands such as Dolce & Gabbana, Fendi and Dior, and offers services across streetwear and contemporary labels such as Alexander Wang through to couture evening wear. The Middle East is a major focus while the Far East is the next growth area. But as Hill stresses, “the location isn’t relevant to the customer because it’s truly international. We can get pieces from anywhere in the world and deliver them anywhere.” Threads, which is part of Tech City’s Future Fifty businesses and has more than doubled sales on average in the last four years, currently has a 60-strong team but is recruiting for 80 more roles. Of course, in order to bring her vision to revolutionise the shopping experience to life, Hill had to raise capital. The company doesn’t speak about exact figures but to be part of Future Fifty, gross revenue for the past 12 months must be at least £5 million. Most recently, investment has come from Horizons Ventures but she has become savvy along the way to the challenges facing female entrepreneurs. “I think it’s definitely harder when you’re selling something which is for a female consumer, but there h have definitely been c changes. I think t that more can and s should be done t support female to e entrepreneurs. “Venture firms a moving in the are r right direction, there h have been a lot more f female partners a appointed in the past y year and there’s an u understanding that there’s an incredible landscape of female entrepreneurs with great ideas out there.” Hill’s latest focus is tapping into the transformation in how we buy jewellery, whereby traditional maisons such as Boucheron and Chopard sit alongside modern labels including Foundrae and Suzanne Kalan, and women shop for pieces because they work for real life, rather than waiting for a loved one to buy them something for a special occasion. “We see ourselves as building the number one global destination for fine jewellery. Social media allows for a very modern yet informal way of actually seeing how something should be worn and can be styled.” She has recruited Sophie Quy, who used to head up jewellery buying at Net-a-Porter (several of Hill’s big hires have come from the original purveyor of online luxury fashion), to head up the new division, and she’s already been busy. “We launched Amrapali last week after noticing our clients wanted more one-of-a-kind pieces,” says Quy. “We are also launching Brooke Gregson this weekend, the perfect layering brand – a trend our women love – in time for summer.” Life as a fashion entrepreneur is not for the faint-hearted. Hill rises a 5.30am each day, at tr travels a few times a m month and has moved n next door to the office. S doesn’t get home She m much these days but h parents come down her a visit once a month. and “It’s really busy,” s says with a she s squeal of excitement m mixed with panic. T hectic schedule The d doesn’t mean she’s i immune to worrying a about where she’s g going to shop now t that Phoebe Philo has left Céline. But, as the consummate styling professional, she of course has a solution: “I’m loving Blazé Milano’s jackets, I can see myself wearing them for years to come.” *** The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 May 2018 llison �earson Email Allison.Pearson@ telegraph.co.uk Twitter @AllisonPearson t the beauty salon, I was chatting to two therapists I’ve got to A know really well about their hopes and plans. Saving for a deposit on a house was the primary consideration. Marriage and children could wait. They would be lucky, the girls laughed, if they could afford a place big enough for a baby by the time they were 33. Then, and only then, would they “start trying”. Gently, I suggested that you really didn’t need something called a “nursery” before you got pregnant. My mother, who was 24 when she gave birth, took me home from the maternity hospital to her mother-inlaw’s council house. They washed me in a pink plastic bath in front of the fire. “Babies don’t know any different. All they need is your love,” I encouraged. The young women exchanged despairing glances. “It’s all changed now,” one explained. “Even if you can afford a place, there’s the childcare on top. That’s a fortune.” “Don’t see how Matt and me will ever be able to afford it,” the other sighed. “But you’d be a fantastic mum,” I insisted. And I was right. She would be. Twenty-nine-year-old Katie is exactly the kind of warm, capable person we need to be raising this nation’s young. But Katie and the other girls in the salon find themselves at a point in history where the stay-home mother has become an endangered species and motherhood itself is increasingly regarded as some kind of costly optional extra. Remarkable figures just published by the Institute for Fiscal Studies reveal a seismic social change. The IFS found that only half of mothers aged between 25 and 54 were in work in 1975. By 2015, 72 per cent went back to work, leaving others to change their babies’ nappies and rock them to sleep. Invariably, we are invited to cheer these great leaps forward for womankind. Even the Conservative Party, long-time guardian of family values, has started boasting that it has got “more women than ever before into work!” Pausing for a moment to hear a small inner voice that whispers “But what about the children?” makes you a party-pooper, a deluded dinosaur hankering after the dark days when wives were tethered to the twin-tub and had to ask husbands for housekeeping. I get that, I really do. And with my feminist hat on, I’m delighted by the long overdue expansion of opportunities for my sex. Still, that small voice again. What about the children? It’s not just the infants dropped at childminders that I worry about. It’s young women like Katie. They have a job they like well enough, sure, but it hardly compares to the immense satisfaction and lifelong joy of raising a wonderful human being. Behind those IFS statistics, there are remarkable ordinary women like our former nanny, Sam. When she had her own first child, Sam planned to go straight back to work. She and her plasterer husband had little choice if they wanted to go on paying the mortgage. That was before Sam checked out the local nursery and was appalled by the bovine girls mooching about in the galley kitchen making coffee while the toddlers either ran riot in the next room or sat dull-eyed in a corner. Sam decided she could not look after some rich woman’s kids while leaving her own in the care of low-paid, poorly educated nursery workers. With a lot of sacrifices, they could on her husband’s wage manage (only just, mind you…) the luxury of having one parent at home. This is the sad state of affairs in 2018. A mother looking after her own small children is considered a luxury, even though, in survey after survey, most women – the poor unenlightened things! – say they would prefer to be at home in the early years. They’re caught in a trap. As successive governments encouraged mothers out to work, the more couples could pay for a house and property prices rose. The share of working-age mothers with a job has risen by a staggering 50 per cent in the past four decades. This has probably been the single biggest contributor to the growth of GDP. On the train the other day, I sat opposite a woman who was feeding lunch to her daughter. As she moved spoon towards mouth, the mother named each vegetable, incorporating those simple words into more complex sentences, which her child echoed. I told the woman that her daughter was beautiful – “and it’s great to see such a good mum”. It really was. We don’t yet know the price society will pay for making it practically impossible for mothers to look after their own children. Anecdotal evidence is building that things are amiss. Two teachers that I know talk of pupils who are five, six, even seven and are still not pottytrained. There’s increased aggression, lack of basic table manners, an alarming growth in speech problems that simply weren’t there 30 years ago. I find I’m hesitating as I write this. Working mothers feel enough guilt as it is. Many do an amazing double-shift, holding down the office job their father did while retaining their mother’s domestic responsibilities. We deserve a bloody medal, quite frankly. The fact remains that professional middle-class women like me, who can afford decent childcare, have established a template which has been copied by (or imposed on) women like Katie, who will struggle to ever afford an adequate substitute for their own mothering. They postpone motherhood until their 30s in order to afford a small house, and if they run into fertility problems, as so many do, they can’t begin to afford the IVF enjoyed by the celebrity mums of twins in the glossy magazines. I’m struggling to see this as progress. Are we really happy that possibly the world’s most vital job is now subcontracted to inferior substitutes to satisfy a demand for national growth? That’s not female liberation, it’s economic servitude. Motherhood needs to be properly valued; there is nothing more productive than love, nor as damaging as its absence. I thank my lucky stars that my mum stayed at home with me when I was small. Even in quite poor circumstances, she gave me the richest of starts. When my own daughter was tiny and I was careering (in both senses) between office and home, I told myself that I was a good role model for her. Maybe she didn’t want a role model. Maybe she would have preferred her mummy. WEINSTEIN/EVERETT/REX Tough choices: Sarah Jessica Parker in I Don’t Know How She Does It When did bringing up baby become a rich woman’s luxury? Sajid Javid’s biggest danger? Diane Abbott S ome bizarre things have happened lately, but we may have reached peak surreality this week when Diane Abbott lectured a Conservative government on competence. That’s the shadow home secretary who said an additional 10,000 police officers would cost £300,000 a year. (And I thought my maths was bad.) She made the most of Amber Rudd’s resignation, calling for a “more considerate” immigration policy. More considerate to whom? Piers Morgan on Good Morning Britain couldn’t get Diane to say if she would deport illegal immigrants. He asked her very politely, six times. Allow me to help Diane out. Labour’s immigration policy is as follows: let in millions of people within a short period, causing huge pressure on overwhelmed public services. Then go on national TV and rant about our NHS and schools being “broken” by the Tories. If anyone dares to point out that the population is predicted to rise in the next 25 years from 64.5 million to 74.3 million, with more than two thirds of that increase due to migration, just hiss “Racist!” Someone really needs to get a grip and we can only hope Sajid Javid is that person. I like the look of him. His childhood home was a two-bedroom flat above a shop that he shared with his mum and dad and four brothers. In the fallout from Windrush, the new Home Secretary should not hurry to abandon targets for clamping down on illegal immigration. The truth is there is nothing wrong with targets, just quite a lot wrong with human nature. Presented with a target, there will always be people who will take the easiest path to hitting it. Thus, certain schools have told pupils to drop subjects where they may not perform well enough (for the target, not the child). Given a target of boosting rape convictions, rather a lot of police officers found themselves suddenly unable to read text messages or emails, especially those providing inconvenient proof that the “victim” had been a willing participant. Disgracefully, the Immigration Service adopted the same warped approach to the Windrush generation. Charged with providing a “hostile environment” for illegal immigrants, officers found it more congenial to go after Jamaican grandmothers who insisted they were British citizens (because they were) than organised criminals from Eastern Europe. It is that callous bureaucratic mentality that needs to be challenged, not the targets. Saj must also focus his energy on the biggest danger of all. I think I speak for everyone here: whatever you do, man, don’t let Diane Abbott become home secretary. If the Lords help to derail Brexit, I’m afraid it’s war I REUTERS Read more telegraph.co.uk/ opinion A clean-eating diet is the thin end of the wedge A larming news from The Wedding preparations where Ms Markle seems to have put the man she calls Haz on a diet. The Prince who, when he was a soldier, was famous for existing on Kentucky Fried Chicken, is enrolled in a clean-eating programme. He has already lost at least half a stone thanks to juicing, cutting out carbs and replacing them with quinoa. Harry probably thought quinoa was a Hawaiian hula dancer before he met his fiancée. The poor chap has given up smoking, now he is “being weaned off Slim chance: Ms Markle has reportedly put her fiancé on a diet ahead of their wedding day meat”. Yikes. There’ll be nothing left of him. Does Meghan not appreciate that a well-cut military uniform has a slimming effect? If she doesn’t want her groom to resemble a Biro refill, I suggest emergency action be taken immediately. There’s a McDonald’s just across the road from Kensington Palace, Megz. Haz will explain to you what a Big Tasty Extra Bacon with Mozzarella Dippers is, honey. Loads of protein, promise! n the past, I’ve always defended the House of Lords. A chamber composed mainly of older people who cast an experienced, world-weary eye on passing events while exerting a mild restraining influence on a brasher, younger House of Commons is definitely eccentric. Well, not any more. Peers voted by a majority of 91 on Monday to give Parliament a decisive say on the outcome of the final Brexit negotiations. The amendment was deliberately designed to stop Brexit. It sets up impossible deadlines which Remainers know the Government can’t possibly meet. If it misses just one of those deadlines that would give the Commons the power to dictate the Government’s policy on Brexit. We would be sitting ducks for the Brussels’ marksmen. Michel Barnier would know that the Prime Minister no longer had any control. The Commons could direct the Government to postpone Article 50 indefinitely until a) the UK doesn’t leave, or b) we leave on such bad terms, we are still effectively in the EU. Watching the debate, I was absolutely disgusted. Who were these unelected toads dripping with condescension for the British people? Lord Bilimoria actually said that Parliament knows what is “in the best interests of the people and the country”. No, mate, you are the servants and we are the masters. Hard to compute in your ermine-lined ivory tower, I know, but the clue is in the word “democracy”. When the amendment gets to the Commons, Theresa May should tell the Tory rebels: “This is a matter of confidence. I can’t have my hands tied in this way.” If the rebels have got any sense (debatable), they will vote with the Government, and the Lords if they have any sense (doubly debatable), will accept the Commons’ verdict. If they don’t, then I’m afraid it’s war. The British People vs Parliament. I’m looking for a tank on eBay. Do they really think we will be told we voted the wrong way by an elite no one voted for at all? 25 26 *** Wednesday 2 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph FEATURES ‘I’ve kept hoping she’ll come home’ ‘My heart went into my mouth … and it feels like it is still there today’ I n October 2016, nearly four decades after the disappearance of his own daughter, Richard Lee turned on his television to watch the second series of the BBC fictional crime drama, The Missing. He had no prior knowledge of the series and says he had not been consulted by the programmemakers, but watched dumbfounded as a plot unfolded bearing cruel symmetry to the real-life story that devastated his own family. On November 28 1981, Katrice Lee went missing on her second birthday from a Navy, Army and Air Force Institutes (NAAFI) shopping complex in Schloss Neuhaus, Paderborn, West Germany, near to the British garrison where Richard was posted as a staff sergeant with the 15/19 King’s Royal Hussars. The Missing begins similarly, with a young girl disappearing from a British Army garrison in Germany. But in the programme, the girl – or at least someone purporting to be her – returns to her anguished parents after an absence spanning 10 years. Art may mirror real life to a point, but for the Lee family there has been no such closure. Richard, who is 68 and nowadays lives in Hartlepool, says even today he remains in the same state of agonised disbelief as when he first discovered his daughter was missing. “My heart went into my mouth,” he says. “And it feels like it is still there today.” This week, the Royal Military Police (RMP) will commence a major search of the area near to where Katrice vanished. Around 100 soldiers will comb the banks of the River Alme during a five-week forensic excavation. At the same time, an e-fit image has been produced of a man reportedly seen at the NAAFI supermarket holding a child similar to Katrice who was spotted in a green saloon car near to the river following her disappearance. It has taken nearly four decades for the family to get to this point, and in the Nineties, Richard and his wife Sharon (with whom he has another daughter, Natasha) divorced, in part because of the strain. Like many parents of the missing, Richard and his ex-wife cling on to the possibility that against all odds Katrice may still be alive. He believes his daughter may have been snatched and sold for profit to a childless couple. “I have never lost my hope,” he says. “These past years have been like walking down a dark tunnel just feeling the walls. There is a tiny light at the end, but it hasn’t yet diminished.” Lee joined the King’s JAMIE LORRIMAN/SOLENT NEWS; BBC/JO VOETS Almost 40 years after Katrice Lee vanished on her second birthday, her father tells Joe Shute a breakthrough may be coming Royal Hussars as a boy soldier in 1967 and by the time he was posted to Paderborn had already served in Northern Ireland. Sharon was pregnant with Katrice at the time, while Natasha had been born five years previously. Like her parents, she has campaigned tirelessly throughout her life for answers as to her sister’s disappearance. Compared to the Mystery: Katrice Lee was last seen on her second birthday in 1981 in Germany. Top right, her mother Sharon Lee at her home in Gosport. Left, a scene from BBC drama The Missing constant violence of Northern Ireland, Paderborn was considered a more relaxed posting. The Lee family lived in military accommodation away from the main barracks in a complex of homes nicknamed “Legoland” for their blocky architecture. Richard Lee had just returned from an exercise and the garrison of around 2,000 soldiers was beginning to disband for Christmas leave. Sharon’s sister, Wendy, and her husband, Cliff, were visiting that day for Katrice’s birthday party, which was planned that afternoon. Lee recalls his daughter as “very forthright and intelligent” and a “daddy’s girl”, with a smile that still causes him to choke up whenever it springs into his mind. They had already bought Katrice’s toys but needed to visit the NAAFI to stock up on a few extra party supplies. Richard drove them down in his Austin Allegro estate and dropped Sharon, Wendy and Katrice off while he attempted to find a parking space. He waited outside, but after a while “realised something wasn’t right”. He then walked into the shop and saw his wife in tears in the manager’s office. Katrice – who was wearing red wellies, a turquoise duffel coat and tartan dress – had vanished in the busy supermarket when Sharon left her with Wendy near the checkout after returning to get some crisps. The initial investigation led by the Royal Military Police focused on the theory that Katrice had fallen into the River Lippe, which is a tributary of the Alme. Lee describes the investigation as a “complete and utter sham”, and says the family were shrugged off and lied to by those in command. Statements from shop staff were not taken for weeks while details of an eye condition Katrice suffered and could have helped identify her were not passed on. He says it felt as if the regiment was closing ranks around him. “In the immediate aftermath, you would have thought my family had cancer,” he recalls. “You would walk down the street and people would cross the road.” Timothy Irish, now 56, was a trooper with the King’s Royal Hussars based at Paderborn at the time, and was in the garrison the day of her disappearance. He recalls being told to report to the guard room with his fellow troops, and informed they were to be loaded up on to Bedford trucks to help search for a little girl who had gone missing. “I can remember being waistdeep in the side of a lake that the river feeds into with a rope on a grappling hook throwing it into the water and dragging it back,” he says. “Unfortunately, nothing came up.” Irish says at no time were they informed of who they were looking for and at sundown he was pulled off the search. “I believe the more senior ranks among us knew who it was, but we didn’t. For us that was it. We didn’t get told anymore and didn’t hear anymore. It was almost as if it just got swept under the carpet.” Eventually, the Lee family left Germany without their missing daughter and the case went cold. “We just felt incomplete,” Richard says. “It was such a hard thing to do.” The Lee family has campaigned against the Ministry of Defence for years to see the paperwork relating to the case, but so far has been refused on the basis that the case remains open. A re-assessment in 2000 led to the arrest of a former soldier, who was released without charge. A Crimewatch appeal in 2012 (and again in 2017) sparked a flurry of new information as well as a photofit of how Katrice may look today. The latest RMP investigation is backed by Gavin Williamson, the Defence Secretary, who has praised the “courage and dignity of the Lee family”. While scathing of the early investigations, Richard – who is travelling out to Germany tomorrow – says it now seems as if they are finally being listened to by the RMP. Perhaps, he says, over the next few weeks, he and Sharon will learn of their daughter’s fate. But even as they watch soldiers picking their way along the muddy riverbank, the agonising hope remains that one day their daughter could still come home. *** The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 May 2018 27 Arts An assault on our television screens Debate: Germaine Greer, right, claims women are the main audience for sexual violence in crime dramas such as The Fall, left As Germaine Greer blames women for the spate of sexual violence on TV, Alice Vincent points out why she is wrong T television,” says Mina. She has had two of her novels, The Field of Blood and The Dead Hour, adapted for BBC One, and expresses dissatisfaction at the process. “Even if you have a female writer or director, the narrative forms in television and film are essentially male, and the people who control the money are men. The fallback position is the male gaze.” Mina cites an instance during the adaptation of her novels in which “the discussion was about how non-fat my fat, female central character could be, because we couldn’t have a fat girl on television being an active lead.” Contrary to Greer’s comments, crime drama’s fetishisation of violence against women has inspired vocal dissent from women in recent years. Helen Mirren – known for her long-standing performance in Prime Suspect – and BBC; FAIRFAX MEDIA; KUDOS/IMAGINARY FRIENDS/SISTER P he image of the scantily clad, beautiful female corpse has become a well-worn trope on our screens. Actresses have long been cast as victims of violent, often sexual, assault and murder, with shows ranging from The Bridge to Game of Thrones picking up critical acclaim and accolades for such grisly entertainment. It’s an issue that has aroused concern in recent years – in 2013, Allan Cubitt the writer of BBC Two drama The Fall (starring Gillian Anderson, pictured right) was forced to defend his portrayal of violence against women. But while many reasons have been given for the rise of sexual violence on television and in film, Germaine Greer has now offered a novel one: that “female victimisation sells” – and the main consumers are women. “Who is watching and reading the proliferating imagery of female victimhood?” Greer has written in a column for this week’s Radio Times, “Women, that’s who.” These are just the latest controversial comments by the famous feminist, and if they were designed to bait the #MeToo generation of feminists, they’ve proved effective. On Twitter, Asia Argento and Rose McGowan, two of Harvey Weinstein’s most vocal alleged victims, swiftly criticised Greer, calling her “a fail and a fraud”. Is there truth behind her comments? She builds her theory from claims that “women make up 60 and 80 per cent of readers of crime fiction” and that true crime channels are “principally watched by women” – although she offers no such statistics about TV crime drama, a different beast entirely. Greer also speciously cites a much-referenced study from 2008 about how often women indulge in rape fantasies. As Greer’s column shows, proving who watches crime drama – let alone why – can be tricky. However, what’s more pertinent, and easier to deduce, is who is creating the scenes of sexual violence on our screens. Because even if women do love watching crime, they don’t have much choice but to watch what is created by the men. And it is, ‘It’s not so much that women enjoy watching sexualised violence in shows, we’ve all become desensitised to it’ by and large, men. In 2014, Directors UK found that less than 10 per cent of female directors had directed crime serials between 2011 and 2012. In the same period, no female directors worked on major dramas such as Luther and Being Human. In the US, women accounted for 28 per cent of all television creators, directors, writers, producers and editors in 2016-17. “It’s not so much that women enjoy watching sexualised violence in shows, [it’s that] we’ve all become desensitised to it,” says Finn Mackay, feminist author and co-founder of the Reclaim the Night marches against sexual violence. “It’s very wrong and dangerous to blame women [for watching crime dramas] when they are under-represented in television production and the media generally.” Women do, however, write the lion’s share of crime novels, according to crime author Denise Mina – so it’s no surprise, then, that the portrayal of women on the page is more nuanced. The past 30 years have witnessed an increase in diverse and intriguing female characters. Authors such as Mina, Sara Paretsky, Val McDermid and others have put women at the heart of crime fiction – and while their novels will refer to sexual violence, Mina says it is “much broader and more complex” than what we see in TV drama. “It’s not just women being disposed of, but women investigating sexual violence or getting through the aftermath of it,” she says. “It’s not just a screaming woman with a ripped blouse.” Mina, author of the Garnethill crime trilogy, agrees with Greer that “women are very interested in crime and crime fiction”, but says it doesn’t mean they want to see their gender repeatedly assaulted on television of an evening. She only hopes that the kind of progressive stance towards violence against women shown by her and her fellow crime novelists will eventually make it on to our screens. “It takes a long time to trickle down into Victim: Julie Hesmondhalgh as Trish Winterman in Broadchurch playwright David Hare are among the high-profile names who have criticised their own industry’s fascination with young, female corpses. In 2015, Call the Midwife’s Jessica Raine admitted: “I’ve had enough of watching women get abused.” Other actresses, Doon Mackichan, Robin Weaver, Polly Kemp and Claire Cordier, wrote a letter to The Guardian last year demanding “a year without rape, violence, dead women on slabs [on television]”. Moreover, increased scrutiny has led to some much-needed sensitivity. The gratuitous depiction of 50 acts of rape in five series of Game of Thrones is a world away from dramas like Broadchurch or Apple Tree Yard, and their respective explorations of the impact of assault on female characters. But this doesn’t compensate for the fact that, however sensitively portrayed rape may be, the extent to which it is served up as a plot point is exhausting. In the past year, female characters have been assaulted in televisual triumphs including Big Little Lies, Top of the Lake, Taboo and The Handmaid’s Tale. They have won awards, but they still rely on violence towards women in a way that can sometimes feel exploitative. Take The Handmaid’s Tale on Channel 4. Originally a landmark feminist novel of the same name by Margaret Atwood, it creates a dystopian near-future where fertile women are routinely raped by powerful men. It’s an artful piece of television, with deftly handled rape scenes – but the first season still included instances of female assault that felt unnecessarily brutal. The only benefit of Greer’s comments is that they remind us of how far we have to go to reach a stage where violence is not a cornerstone of on-screen female narratives. Certainly, having more women behind the scenes may help: for instance, Phoebe WallerBridge, who created Fleabag, a series about a sexually dysfunctional woman in her 20s that was snapped up by Amazon after being quietly released on BBC Three in July 2016. WallerBridge’s latest project, Killing Eve, was acquired by BBC America and is about the relationship between a female MI5 officer and a woman assassin. It occupies the kind of genre where female characters would typically get abused. In Waller-Bridge’s hands, it’s an off-kilter comedy. Certainly, the #MeToo campaign is spurring change – starting in Hollywood. In January, The Hollywood Reporter claimed that “studios are steering clear of sex”, with previously slated steamy films such as a Hugh Hefner biopic and James Franco’s film about a teenage prostitute lingering in development. With any luck, this heightened sensitivity will trickle down to our small screens, too. Then, Greer’s argument will be obsolete, rather than just wrong-headed. Timely debut on grief and grievances Entertainments Theatres Nine Night National’s Dorfman Theatre ★★★★★ By Dominic Cavendish A n adieu to the Windrush generation and a reflection on the emotional legacy of their migration to the UK, Nine Night couldn’t be timelier, given the political crisis of the past few weeks. It marks an assured playwriting debut for actress Natasha Gordon that would be even more assured had she pushed past 100 minutes: we’re just tucking into big themes of abandonment, dispossession and belonging when it all comes to a sudden, supernatural-ish end. The “nine-night” is a Caribbean wake tradition entailing a protracted celebration of the departed, culminating in a gathering on the ninth night when the spirit of the deceased is believed by some to depart. One such wake is conducted here for muchloved Gloria – who succumbs to cancer (unseen) upstairs, while her next of kin fuss about in her kitchen. Assisted by director Roy Alexander Weise’s accomplished, authenticfeeling production, Gordon catches Lively and resonant despite its daft tweaks Opera Eugene Onegin Theatre Royal Glasgow ★★★★★ By Rupert Christiansen T here’s nothing very complex about Tchaikovsky’s Eugene Onegin. It tells a readily recognised story of adolescent infatuation and its ironies through music that wears its heart on its sleeve – a combination quite rich enough to satisfy most of us. But to an ambitious young director like Oliver Mears, such the expense of tough, familial truth. Gloria’s dutiful elder daughter Lorraine (Franc Ashman) skirmishes with her brusque brother Robert (Oliver AlvinWilson). The latter is indifferent to his white, uptight wife Sophie (Hattie Ladbury), in turn estranged from her racist mother. The belated arrival of half-sister Trudy (Michelle Greenidge), the daughter Gloria left behind when emigrating, unleashes a welter of long-held resentments and prompts an outburst about England not wanting any of them. A few months ago that might have sounded melodramatic; right now, it carries a chilling, shaming force. HER MAJESTY'S 020 7087 7762 THE BRILLIANT ORIGINAL Until May 26. Tickets: 020 7452 3000; nationaltheatre.org.uk Home truths: the cast of Nine Night at National Theatre HELEN MURRAY Theatre well that aching time around the death of a loved one when those affected can’t give way to grief: sadness bubbles away and tempers fray. We could do with a greater sense of the local community; this is a family-only affair. Still, what a family: imposing herself with a comic grandeur that demands its own spinoff sitcom is Gloria’s septuagenarian, sixth-sense-possessing cousin Maggie. As played by Cecilia Noble, she’s a joy to watch, sitting clucking quiet disapproval with stolid regality. On learning that Gloria’s granddaughter Anita (Rebekah Murrell) is still breastfeeding her baby at nine months, she drily observes: “Poor ting must be longing fi a piece of chicken.” Warm-hearted humour proves Gordon’s forte but it’s not delivered at romantic simplicity is a red rag: he feels impelled to make his mark by roughing it up and scumbling its primary emotional colours. His big idea for this Scottish Opera production isn’t particularly original, nor is it illuminating. An elderly mute Tatyana (Rosy Sanders) prowls the stage throughout, wondering miserably at the follies of her youthful self: since her clothes suggest the Sixties and the setting is otherwise located in the late 19th century, we must assume that the horrors of the Russian Revolution have intervened – except that Tchaikovsky was long dead when those events occurred and the opera’s theme is clearly remorse rather than memory. This mute figure is only a distraction from the simple immediacy of the drama. Mears has cooked up other daft interpolations as well: Onegin makes his first appearance astride a magnificent clip-clopping horse and later is even more gratuitously glimpsed standing naked in a bath (Tatyana’s fantasy? Oh please). More’s the pity, because in many respects his direction is quietly sensitive to character. Natalya Romaniw’s Tatyana is vocally an interpretation of world class, ardent in expression and expansive in phrase; a little less sulkiness, a little more vulnerability in the early scenes wouldn’t come amiss. She is well matched to Samuel Dale Johnson’s dashingly handsome Onegin, his manner just the wrong side of smug and his singing elegantly polished. Peter Auty makes a plangent Lensky, delivering his aria full throttle, and Sioned Gwen Davies is an exuberant Olga. Lesser roles are all crisply taken, and the ad hoc chorus, singing from behind a scrim, sounds fervent. The conducting of Scottish Opera’s music director Stuart Stratford, expert in the Russian repertory, renders the score’s deeper swell as well as its passing delicacies. Despite outbreaks of directorial nonsense, this is an Onegin crackling with vitality. Until May 5, then touring until May 31. Tickets (Glasgow): 0844 871 7647; scottishopera.org.uk Oscar Wilde’s AN IDEAL HUSBAND Vaudeville Theatre Tue-Sat 19.30 | Tue, Thu & Sat 14.30 Extra Matinees Added 0330 333 4814 QUEEN'S 0844 482 5160 THE MUSICAL PHENOMENON THE PHANTOM OF THE OPERA LES MISERABLÉS Mon-Sat 7.30, Thu & Sat 2.30 www.ThePhantomOfTheOpera.com Eves 7.30, Mats Wed & Sat 2.30 www.LesMis.com ST MARTIN'S 020 7836 1443 66th year of Agatha Christie's THE MOUSETRAP Mon-Sat 7:30pm, Mats Tues & Thurs 3 & Sat 4 www.the-mousetrap.co.uk “Captivating” TIME OUT **** FINANCIAL TIMES Linda Marlowe Patrick Walshe McBride HAROLD AND MAUDE By Colin Higgins Directed by Thom Southerland CharingCrossTheatre.co.uk 08444-930650 28 *** Wednesday 2 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph Court & Social Court Circular BUCKINGHAM PALACE May 1st The Duke of York, Patron, Institution of Civil Engineers, this morning visited the Cambridge Centre for Smart Infrastructure and Construction, James Dyson Building, Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Trumpington Street, Cambridge, and was received by Her Majesty’s Lord-Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire (Mrs Julie Spence). His Royal Highness, Honorary Fellow, Hughes Hall, later opened Gresham Court at Hughes Hall, University of Cambridge, Wollaston Road, Cambridge. The Duke of York, Patron, the Entrepreneurship Centre, this afternoon visited the Entrepreneurship Centre at Cambridge Judge Business School, University of Cambridge, Trumpington Street. His Royal Highness afterwards opened the Simon Sainsbury Centre, Cambridge Judge Business School. The Duke of York, Honorary Patron, British-Kazakh Society, this evening held a Reception at St James’s Palace. BUCKINGHAM PALACE May 1st The Princess Royal, Chancellor, the University of Edinburgh, this morning attended Global Surgery Presentations at the Chancellor’s Building, 49 Little France Crescent, Edinburgh, and was received by Her Majesty’s Lord-Lieutenant of the City of Edinburgh (Councillor Francis Ross, the Rt Hon the Lord Provost). Her Royal Highness, Chancellor, the University of Edinburgh, later visited the One Hundred and Fiftieth Anniversary Celebrations at the School of Engineering, Sanderson Building, King’s Buildings, Robert Stevenson Road, Edinburgh. Mr C.E.A. White and Miss V. E. Lockyer The engagement is announced between Charlie, son of Colin and Sue White, of Hudnall Common, Herts, and Victoria (Bibs), daughter of the late Cliﬀord and Lorraine Lockyer, formerly of Bovingdon, Herts. Online ref: 553110 Mr O.J.S. Woods and Miss T.W. Wilmot The engagement is announced between Oliver, son of the late Mr Simon Woods and of Mrs Christopher Carter, of Child Okeford, Dorset, and Theodora, daughter of Mr and Mrs Geoﬀrey Wilmot, of Honiton, Devon. Online ref: 553051 12th/13th (Yorkshire and Lancashire) Battalion, The Parachute Regiment, TA Sir Miles Irving was the principal guest at a dinner held by oﬃcers of the 12th/13th (Yorkshire and Lancashire) Battalion, The Parachute Regiment, TA, last night at Mere Court, Knutsford. Major B.A.R. Frost presided. Senior legal news Lord Justice McFarlane has been appointed as the President of the Family Division from July 28, 2018. This appointment follows the retirement of Sir James Munby on July 27, 2018. The Princess Royal, Chancellor, the University of Edinburgh, and Patron, the Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, this afternoon opened the Equine Diagnostic, Surgical and Critical Care Unit and the Charnock Bradley Building at the Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, Easter Bush Campus, Bush Farm Road, Roslin, and was received by Her Majesty’s Lord-Lieutenant of Midlothian (Sir Robert Clerk, Bt). For more details about the Royal family, visit royal.uk Today’s birthdays Mr H.J. Foulds, Chairman, Halifax plc, 1990-99, is 86; Lord Woolf, Lord Chief Justice, 2000-05, 85; the Rt Rev Bruce Cameron, Primus of the Episcopal Church in Scotland, 2000-06, and Bishop of Aberdeen and Orkney, 1992-2006, 77; Mr Jacques Rogge, President, International Olympic Committee, 2001-13, 76; Lord Dulverton 74; Dr Robert Anderson, Director, British Museum, 1992-2002, 74; Mr David Suchet, actor, 72; Sir James Dyson, Founder, Dyson Ltd; Chairman, 1992-2010, 71; Prof John McClure, Chairman, British Red Cross, 2001-07, 71; Mr Alan Titchmarsh, horticulturist, writer and broadcaster, 69; Prof Simon Gaskell, President and Principal, Queen Mary, University of London, 2009-17, 68; Baroness Primarolo 64; Ms Carole Souter, Master, St Cross College, Oxford, 61; Mr Jimmy White, snooker player, 56; Mr Brian Lara, former West Indies cricket captain, 49; Mr David Beckham, former footballer; England captain, 2000-06, 43; Mr Zac Purchase, former rower; Olympic gold medallist, lightweight double sculls, Beijing 2008, and silver medallist London 2012, 32; Mr James Fox, rower; Paralympic gold medallist, mixed coxed four, Rio 2016, 26; Mr Owain Doull, track cyclist; Olympic gold medallist, men’s team pursuit, Rio 2016, 25; and Princess Charlotte of Cambridge, daughter of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, 3. Today is the anniversary of the death of Leonardo da Vinci in 1519. The Duke of Beaufort and Miss G. Powell The marriage took place quietly on Monday, April 30, 2018, at St Michael and All Angels Church, Badminton, between the Duke of Beaufort and Miss Georgia Powell. The Rev Richard Thomson oﬃciated. Online ref: 553165 Appointments in the Clergy Rev Claire Carson, chapl, St George’s Hospital, Tooting (Southwark), to be lead chapl, Royal Free Hospital (London); Canon Rosy Fairhurst, can chancellor, Leicester Cathedral (Leicester), to be i, St Augustine and St Clement, Bradford (Leeds); Canon Lee Francis-Dehqani, tr, Oakham (All Saints, Ashwell, Braunston, Brooke, Egleton, Hambleton, Langham, Market Overton, Teigh and Whissendine), and rd, Rutland (Peterborough), to be interim tr, Fosse team (Leicester); Revv Tony Ford, i, St Mary, Balderstone (Manchester), to be p-in-c, St Mark’s, Barrow-in-Furness (Carlisle); Steve Gayle, c, St John at Hackney (London), to be i, St Michael and all Angels, Stoke Newington Common (same dio). Retirements and Resignations Rev Richard Pringle, v, St Bede, Newsham (Newcastle), to retire with effect from June 3; Clive Shaw, p-in-c, Millom (Carlisle) to retire with effect from June 30; Andrew Wadsworth, i, Bognor (Chichester), has retired. Correction Mr Andrew Wignal to be chapl, St Mark’s Academy Trust, Mitcham (Southwark). Bridge news Clubs across Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland have held heats of the Celtic Spring Pairs, writes Julian Pottage, Bridge Correspondent. Winners of the Monday and Tuesday sessions are as follows: Monday: 1st Jim McDonnell and Brian Moore (Windsor, Belfast), 74.42%; 2nd Ann Hasson and Harold Curran (Windsor, Belfast), 73.56%; 3rd Mervyn Carlisle and Jean Patterson (Dromore, Down), 66.26%; 4th Iain Sime and Julia Palmer (New Melville, Edinburgh), 65.91%; and 5th Robert Roden and John Newsnap (Gwent, Newport), 65.91%. Tuesday: 1st Tony Ratcliff and Julian Pottage (Pencoed, Glamorgan), 70.58%; 2nd George Anderson and Trish Davis (Cairngorm, Aviemore), 68.55%; 3rd Jake Milne and Liam O’Brien (Montrose), 66.26%; 4th Maureen Mowat and Pearl Gill (Aberdeen), 64.98%; and 5th Ricky Serafini and Mike Scully (Tryst, Falkirk), 64.80%. FIRST WORLD WAR LONDON, THURSDAY MAY 2, 1918 BYRTE.—On 25th March 2018, to Elizabeth (née Boulton) and James, a son, Charles Hugh Alexander. Online ref: A223947 POWELL.—Richard Guy, retired solicitor, died peacefully at home on 18th April 2018, aged 91 years. Loving brother of the late Pamela Haynes, much loved uncle and great uncle. Funeral Service on Friday 18th May at Leatherhead Parish Church, at 1.30 p.m. Donations, if desired, for RNIB can be sent to L. Hawkins & Sons Ltd., Funeral Directors, Leatherhead. Tel: 01372 372435. Online ref: 553167 BARKER.—Pauline Mary died on 19th April 19th 2018, at the age of 96. "Muv" to Christopher, Peter, David and Hilary; a grandmother and a great grandmother. An extraordinarily kind, thoughtful, welcoming and altogether wonderful person who will be missed by everyone who knew her. Interment of the ashes will be held at St John the Baptist Church, Pinner, 11.30 a.m. on 12th May. No ﬂowers please. Online ref: A223909 RAMSAY.—Christine Elizabeth (née Warwick). Widow of David, beloved mother of Charlotte, Philippa and the late David devoted and much loved grandmother and great-grandmother, died peacefully on 28th April, aged 94. Funeral 12 noon on Friday 1st June at St Dunstan’s Church, Monks Risborough HP27 9JE. No ﬂowers please. Donations to Blesma. Online ref: 553134 FATHOMS DEEP. IMPRISONED IN A SUBMARINE A great story may always be told simply. We published a few days ago the brief official note of an act of heroism which will ever claim a leading place in that long roll of noble deeds of self-sacrifice. It told of a naval hero, Commander Francis Goodhart, who gave up his life in an effort to save his comrades imprisoned in a submarine which had become fast on the bottom in 38ft of water. Placing in his belt a small tin cylinder with instructions for the rescuers, he went into the conning tower, determined to allow himself to be shot up to the surface. But the great adventure miscarried, and the hero paid the penalty with his life. Those who had the privilege of knowing Commander Goodhart declare that he was as modest as he was brave, and his fellow-prisoners remember with admiration the coolness displayed by him when he went forth to take the fraction of a chance. His last remark was: “If I don’t get up the tin cylinder will.” The circumstances which called forth this heroism may now be referred to. A representative of The Daily Telegraph, who has had an opportunity of conversing with one of the rescued sailors, writes: I got a version of the story from one of its central figures in reluctant sentences. One had almost as soon have squeezed water from a stone, but the big, hard-knit man – an indomitable spirit encased in a frame of steel – gave me ultimately the grim tale – one of the grimmest in the annals of the sea. THREE DAYS AND NIGHTS “We were a goodly company on board that mechanical whale – a handsome fish, I can assure you – and no man of us even dreamt of the trick she was to play us, transforming us into Jonahs. She took a header many fathoms deep, as, indeed, she was intended to do, but she elected to remain at the bottom far beyond her proper time. The Book tells us that Jonah – he was alone, too, poor fellow – was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights. We did not exceed his record, but ran it close. We were in the belly of our whale, lying fathoms deep, part of three-days and part of three nights. Then the smile on the mariner’s face vanished. “They aged myself and my fellow prisoners by years, I reckon. I’m told that I was about the last to abandon hope. It’s a small ray that does not get about my heart – but this time it was pretty pitch-dark. When the first night of imprisonment passed, and it appeared from our watches – we had artificial light enough to see the time – that the dawn of a new day had come with no sign of release; some of the company threatened to chuck hope. But others of us put as bright a face on a black outlook as we could, and gave them such cheer as a waterless and breadless situation would allow. Of course, too, we had to remember that our air supply was running out. “Then a great thing happened. Two heroes came forward and offered to risk all in an attempt to win to the surface. All honour to them! How they did it and at what a cost may be told later on, but the thing was done, and the outer world was thus made aware of our terrible plight. That much we realised when we knew of the presence of divers about our craft. What a relief! We had been located, practical measures were being taken for our salvage, and that splendid prospect made us take in a draught of new life. “Our ordeal as it turned out was but a young thing as yet, however. We had still a long way to go. The day dragged through, and when we entered on the silence and uncertainty of the night, we were a forlorn enough lot. However, we were given further indications that the great work of rescue was well in hand. The constant tapping of the divers outside was a cheering sound, and brought hope to those of us who, in the steadily increasing stifle of the atmosphere, were now breathing hard to live. “But rescue was long delayed, and in the early hours of the following day most of us wrote our last farewell to our loved ones – short, tender messages scrawled in pencil – and some of us made our wills. Then, as if by a miracle, three strong strands in the ladder of escape came to us from above. We got air, water, and food, in only the smallest quantities, but just enough to stir us into new life. That was a godsend as welcome as it was unexpected. And we had not to wait long for the opening of our prison door. It verges on the miraculous. When we scrambled into freedom we were a dazed and shaken lot of men, but I warrant you our hearts were full of gratitude to God for saving mercies.” RESTORED TO LIFE It was left to others to give me fuller details of the impression caused by the unexpected arrival of the three “strands” in the life ladder. The first was air – life-giving air – which was forced into the stifling compartment from above. More than one of the company had lost consciousness, but the effect of the tiny air current was instantaneous. The senseless men stirred as if in troubled sleep, and opened their eyes, breathing hard, whilst those of the company who had stood up to the ordeal with all their senses about them felt instantly the glorious effect of the air draught. The second strand was water – fresh, cold water – also forced down by the splendid salvage party. The quantity was very small – only a sip to each – but, oh! the refreshment of it! “We were parched in lip and mouth and throat,” said one of the prisoners, “and never was a drop of water more welcome.” The third strand was food, pellets of compressed food. The salvage party had accomplished almost the impossible. And this was not their greatest achievement. It was the forcing of a way of escape for the men after they had been evidently hopelessly entombed that was the marvel. This miracle of accomplishment was made possible only by an act of daring which cost one hero his life, and almost led to the sacrifice of another. Knowing as they did that the chance of reaching the surface from such a depth offered only the slenderest chance of success, they determined to lead the forlorn hope. Could anything save British heroism rise to such heights as that? telegraph.co.uk/news/ww1-archive BEAKE.—Carol Margaret, much loved sister, mother, Grammy, auntie and friend. Reunited with her beloved Peter on 16th April. Her Funeral will be held at St John's church, Meads, Eastbourne. Friday 18th May at 11:30 a.m. Flowers will be taken to St Wilfrid's Hospice. Donations if desired to Save the Children. Online ref: A223944 BUDENBERG.—Brian Harold Christian, died peacefully on 28th April 2018 at home in Lower Peover, aged 91 years. Very loving husband, friend and companion to Di (Diana) for 61 years and wonderful father, father-in-law and grandfather to Ian and Rosie, Robin and Jacky, Linda and Simon and his eleven grandchildren. Service of Celebration and Thanksgiving at St Oswald’s Church, Lower Peover at 2.30 p.m. on Saturday 5th May 2018. All welcome. Family ﬂowers only. Any donations to East Cheshire Hospice. All enquiries to Dodgson’s Funeral Service, Knutsford. Tel: 01565 634251. Online ref: 553140 COAD-PRYOR.—Dinah, passed away peacefully at St. Christopher’s Hospice, aged 93. Greatly missed by her sister, Ann, her family and many friends. Funeral Service for family and close friends at Beckenham Crematorium at 10.15 a.m., followed by a Thanksgiving Service at Christ Church Bromley at 11.30 a.m., on 14th May 2018. No ﬂowers please. Donations, if desired, to London City Mission may be given at the service or sent to Francis Chappell & Son, 231 High Street, Bromley, BR1 1NZ. Tel: 020 8460 1720. Online ref: 553186 DEACON.—On April 22nd 2018 Joyce Mary Deacon died aged 95 years. Daughter of the late Wing Commander G.R.A. Deacon OBE, MC and the late Mrs Deacon and sister of the late Tony. At her request, a private funeral in Gloucestershire. Online ref: 553113 FALLA.—Stephen Francis (Steve). On 29th April 2018 in Guernsey. Funeral to take place in Guernsey at a later date. Enquiries to Martels Funeral Services. Tel: 01481 244788. Online ref: 553183 GODFREY.—Lois Betty (née Bowden). On 24th April 2018, aged 86 years. Suddenly, but at peace. She was much loved and will be missed by many. A Service of Thanksgiving will be held at Leamington Spa Baptist Church CV32 4RN, on Wednesday 23rd May at 11 a.m. Family ﬂowers only please; donations, if desired, for Cancer Research (Birmingham), c/o W.G. Rathbone, 30 Clarendon Avenue, Leamington Spa CV32 4RY. Online ref: A223932 HARMER.—Lindsay Joy Massy, peacefully on 30th April 2018, aged 73, after a long illness. Much loved wife of Paul, mother of Tim, and Granny to Mariella and James. Many thanks to the staﬀ at the Sue Ryder Hospice at Leckhampton to which donations may be made, if desired. Private funeral. Online ref: A223931 HOFFMAN.—Verena Mary (née Fairs) died peacefully on 19th April 2018, aged 71. Much loved mother of Alexander and grandmother of Evie, Beatrice and Alice. Survived by her husband Tom, her son and three granddaughters. Thanksgiving Service to be held on 4th June 2018, at 2.30 p.m., at All Saints Church, Biddenden, Kent. Online ref: A223950 LISBY.—Joan Irene. Passed away peacefully on 25th April, aged 98 years. Beloved mother, grandmother and great-grandmother will be sadly missed. Funeral Service on Thursday 17th May, Chichester Crematorium, at 2 p.m. Family ﬂowers only please. Donations, if desired, to Bloodwise (cheques only please) c/o Roger Poat & Partners, Duck Lane, Midhurst, West Sussex, GU29 9DE. Tel: 01730 812094. Online ref: 553130 MARSLAND.—Robert Edgar. Son of the late Mr and Mrs E.C. Marsland. Brother of Valerie, father of James and Anthony. Private funeral service. Donations, if desired, for Pedmore Sporting Club may be sent to Emma Bouston Funeral Services, 50 High Street, Bromyard HR7 4AE (01885 489900). Online ref: 553073 McNEILLY.—Esmee McNeilly died peacefully on 13th April 2018, just short of her 100th birthday. She lived her long life with boundless energy, in banking, sport and most signiﬁcantly in her many years of joyfully serving her community of North Kensington and St Helen's Church. A surrogate Auntie to so many, loved by so many. Her Funeral will be held at St Helen's Church, W10 6LP, on 17th May at 12 noon, followed by a private cremation. No ﬂowers, but donations are welcome, in her name, to www.tearfund.org/give and memories may be left at www. jessie-esmeemcneilly.muchloved.com Online ref: 553151 MEDLOCK.—Edna (née Hewitt), passed away peacefully on 28th April aged 102. A much loved and devoted wife for 78 years of Ken and loving mother of Jeﬀ, Andrew and Richard. Lovingly remembered by their families. Funeral Service on 21st May at 2.30 p.m. at West Kirby United Reform Church. All welcome. No ﬂowers please but donations to Providence Church, New Mills. Online ref: 553139 PLATH.—Richard Neil, Captain US Navy (ret'd) peacefully and comfortably at St Richard’s Hospice, Worcester on Wednesday 25th April 2018, aged 77. Beloved husband of Penny, much loved father of John and Lydia, and adored grandfather. Cremation and burial of ashes private. Memorial Service at St Mary's Church, Wick on Wednesday 4th July at 2.30 p.m. No ﬂowers. Donations to St Richard’s Hospice and enquiries to E Hill and Son. Tel: 01386 552141. Online ref: 553035 RASKIN.—Audrey Betty, died on 11th April 2018, aged 95. Family only Funeral at St Mary Abbots Church, Kensington on 9th May at 11.15 a.m. Online ref: A223945 SALUSBURY.—Group Captain David John, Royal Air Force Regiment, died peacefully on 21st April, aged 74, in Kingston Hospital after a short illness. Dearly beloved husband of Rosemary for 47 years, much loved father of Julian and Austen, brother of Gwyneth, father-in-law of Kathleen and Emily, and grandfather of Lucy, Isabel, Alexander, Tabitha and Raymond. He will be greatly missed by his family and many friends. Funeral Service to be held at St Mark’s Church, Surbiton, on Wednesday 9th May at 12.15 p.m. No ﬂowers please but donations, if desired, in memory of David to the Friends of Kingston Hospital or RAF Benevolent Fund c/o F.W. Paine, 24 Old London Road, Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, KT2 6QG. Telephone 0208 547 1556. Online ref: 553108 SMALLEY.—Cdr Bryan Garnet, RD DL RN, peacefully passed away 18th April 2018 aged 86 years. A Thanksgiving Service will be held at St Andrew's Church, Much Hadham, SG10 6HW on Thursday 17th May at 1.30 p.m. Family flowers or donations to “Much Hadham PCC” or “St Elizabeth’s” may be sent c/o Daniel Robinson & Sons, 79/81 South Street, Bishops Stortford, CM23 3AL or via web In Memory Page www.drobinson.co.uk Online ref: 553187 SMITH.—Bob (Robert Charles) of Orpington, passed peacefully away on 8th April 2018 in Somerset. Very much loved uncle to three generations, many friends. Service at Ladywell Cemetery, SE13 7HY on 10th May 2018, at 12 noon. Bob's chosen charities: GOSH Children's Charity and The Salvation Army. Enquiries: 01373 452100. Online ref: A223912 SMITH.—Dudley Henry Edwin (Major, RA Retired) peacefully passed away on Monday 16th April at his home in Canterbury. He is survived by his loving daughters Carina (CJ) and Lisa and was predeceased by his beloved wife, Marilyn. Funeral Service will be performed at St Dunstan’s Church, Canterbury on Wednesday 16th May at 2 p.m. followed by a committal service at Barham Crematorium at 3.20 p.m. Donations to Cancer Research UK in lieu of ﬂowers, which can be made c/o C W Lyons & Son Ltd, 70 Military Road, Canterbury, Kent, CT1 1ND. Tel: 01227 463508. Online ref: A223946 STEVENS.—Yvonne Joy Stevens (née Hill) died peacefully on 10th April 2018, aged 82. Widow of Robert William Stevens. Much loved mother of Adrian, Timothy and Sally and grandmother of Charlie, Kitty, Basil, Barny and Toby. Her Funeral will take place at st Nicholas' Church, Chislehurst, Kent, BR7 5PG, on Tuesday 8th May at 1.30 p.m. Family ﬂowers only but donations, if desired, to Myeloma UK c/o. Francis Chappell & Sons, Boundary Place, Orpington, Kent, BR6 9JW. Online ref: 553156 SUCKLING.—Suddenly but peacefully at her home in Steeple Bumpstead on Friday 16th March 2018, aged 89 years; Margaret Elizabeth (Peggy) Suckling, much loved wife of the late John William Suckling, dearly loved mother of Jonathan and Lesley, dearest Grandma of Rebecca and Robert and loving Great Grandma to Henry and Eliza. Private cremation followed by a Service of Thanksgiving at St Mary’s Church, Steeple Bumpstead on Friday 4th May at 2 p.m. Family ﬂowers only please, but if wished donations for St Mary’s Church, Steeple Bumpstead may be sent c/o H.J. Paintin Ltd, 60 Withersﬁeld Road, Haverhill, Suﬀolk, CB9 9HE. Online ref: 553184 THOMPSON.—"Tommy", retired pilot, RAF and Britannia Airways, died peacefully at home on 24th April 2018, aged 88 years, surrounded by his family, who were loved by him, as he was much loved by them. Funeral will be held on 22nd May 2018 at 11.30 a.m. at St Giles Church, Great Coxwell. No ﬂowers. Funeral Director Godfrey and Sons, Stanford in the Vale. Online ref: 553174 TRUSTING.—Ian Robert Rawson, died peacefully on 27th April 2018, surrounded by Annette, Andrew, Robert and his grandchildren. A Funeral Service will be held on Tuesday 8th May at 12 noon at All Saints, Odell, Bedfordshire. Family ﬂowers only. Donations, if desired to DogsTrust. Online ref: A223911 WHO OF you by worrying can add a single hour to your life? Since you cannot do this very little thing, why do you worry about the rest? Luke 12.25-26 WADE.—Charles Colin, died peacefully at home, aged 69, on Friday 27th April 2018 after a short illness faced with courage. He will be sadly missed by all the family; his wife Jemima, children Daniel and Natasha, son in law Jack, grandchildren Hugo and Matilda, and his mother Joan. He will be fondly remembered by his wide circle of friends and colleagues in the furniture trade. Private family funeral. A celebration of Charles' life to be held on 28th June. Donations, if desired, to Furniture Trades Benevolent Association or Marie Curie may be sent c/o A.W. Lymn The Family Funeral Service, Robin Hood House, Robin Hood Street, Nottingham, NG3 1GF. Tel: 0115 950 5875 or www.lymn.co.uk Online ref: 553182 WICKHAM.—Elizabeth (née Dunn) of Stoke St Mary, Somerset, peacefully at home on 27th April 2018, aged 99 years. Beloved wife to the late Anthony Wickham, RN, and to her family and many friends. Funeral Service at St Michael’s Church, Orchard Portman at 2 p.m. on 14th May (her 100th birthday). Donations for St Michael’s Church may be sent to E. White & Son Ltd., F/D, 138/139 East Reach, Taunton TA1 3HN. Online ref: 553170 WOOLLARD.—Antony (Tony) died peacefully at home on 29th April, aged 83. Wonderful husband to Marise for 58 years. An inspiration to his sons, David and Bruce, and his grandchildren; Jack, Tom, Daisy and Edward. Private cremation, Service of Thanksgiving at St Andrew's Church, Fontmell Magna, Shaftesbury on 1st June at 12 noon. Donations Amyloidosis.org Online ref: A223949 *** The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 May 2018 29 Obituaries Professor Steven Marcus Sandra Noel COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY ARCHIVES P ROFESSOR STEVEN MARCUS, who has died aged 89, was an American scholar best known for his classic bestselling study of 19th-century British pornography The Other Victorians (1964), in which he threw much new light on hitherto obscure and unmentionable aspects of Victorian life. In 1961 Marcus was teaching at Indiana University when he was invited by the Kinsey Institute for Sex Research based there to study the huge collection of Victorian pornography contained in its archives. Marcus had just finished a book about Charles Dickens and had co-edited another about the psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud. As he explained in the preface to The Other Victorians, while he had his misgivings about a book on secret 19th-century sex, he would “take at least a crack” at what was then virtually uncharted territory. In his book, Marcus (then a young professor of English) explained and analysed the change from the sexual frankness and permissiveness of the 18th century to the repression of the 19th, when currents of sensuality and even violence ran beneath the respectable surface of Victorian life. After an exposition of the official Victorian attitude to sex (“a universal and virtually incurable scourge”), he turned his sights on the forbidden literature of the age – pornographic novels like The Lustful Turk (1828) and Randiana (1884), the vast literature of flagellation, pamphlets on sodomy and the perceived horrors of self-abuse. Quoting freely and without expurgation, he described a murky world that was “part fantasy, part nightmare, part hallucination, part madhouse”. He examined the work of Henry Spencer Ashbee, the first scholarbibliographer of pornography, and dwelt at length on the notorious Victorian million-word erotic epic My Secret Life. Its author, “Walter” or Mr X, was an unknown, rich and abnormally sexed Englishman and a veteran of more than 1,200 sexual encounters (“women of 27 Empires, Kingdoms or Countries”), mostly with prostitutes, servants or starving skivvies. In the end Marcus, who claimed to be the only modern academic to have ploughed through all 11 volumes, was disinclined to support the theory that Ashbee himself was Mr X. In 1969, when a Bradford printer, Arthur Dobson, was charged under the 1959 Obscene Publications Act for republishing My Secret Life, Marcus flew to Britain to testify as an expert defence witness. Marcus in 1984. His work described a murky world that was ‘part fantasy, part nightmare, part hallucination, part madhouse’ Pressed at Leeds assizes to agree that “Walter’s” account of sex with a 10-year-old girl at Vauxhall Gardens was the most evil passage he had ever read, Marcus replied that 20th-century accounts of Nazi concentration camps or of 13-year-old Victorian chimney sweeps dying of cancer of the scrotum were more evil, but no one advocated suppressing this knowledge. Dobson was convicted and jailed for two years. The prosecution also accused Marcus in The Other Victorians of harbouring prurient motives for analysing pornography. In his final chapter, Marcus likened pornographic fiction to a utopian fantasy of abundance, coining the term “pornotopia” to describe a realm where “all men … are always and infinitely potent; all women fecundate with lust and flow inexhaustibly with sap or juice or both. Everyone is always ready for everything.” Within weeks of publication in Britain in 1966, The Other Victorians was top of the bestseller lists, outselling Nancy Mitford’s portrait of Louis XIV in The Sun King. Marcus’s work set off a spate of 19th-century cultural studies and books by other writers on sexuality, prostitution, masturbation, flagellation, sodomy and masochism. The grandson of Jewish immigrants from Lithuania, Steven Paul Marcus was born on December 13 1928 in New York City. Ten months later his father, an accountant, lost his job in the Wall Street crash and had to move his family to a poor neighbourhood in the Bronx. Leaving De Witt Clinton High School at the age of 15, he won scholarships to both Columbia University in New York and Harvard, but because his family could not afford to board him at Harvard, Steven attended Columbia, where he studied under Lionel Trilling, who would become the pre-eminent American literary intellectual of the 1950s. Marcus continued to live at home, carrying his lunch to college in a paper bag. On graduation, he enrolled in graduate school at Columbia, submitting his master’s thesis on Henry James in 1949. After teaching at Baruch College and the universities of North Carolina and Southern California, in 1952 he was awarded a fellowship at Cambridge, where he studied with FR Leavis. Returning to America in 1954, he served two years in the US Army before settling again at Columbia, where he earned his doctorate. He was appointed to an assistant professorship as a faculty colleague of Lionel Trilling and spent a summer teaching at Indiana University, where he toured the Kinsey Institute. In his first book, Dickens: From Pickwick to Dombey (1961), Marcus analysed the first seven of Dickens’s major novels in their historical and political context, framing a neat comparison between England’s two most protean literary imaginations: “One of the most instructive things about Dickens’s development is that, like Shakespeare, he had an impulse to begin writing his next work in the middle of the one he was currently engaged upon.” In the same year he collaborated with Trilling on an abridgement of Ernest Jones’s The Life and Work of Sigmund Freud (1961). During the Vietnam War, Marcus became a prominent peace campaigner. In Engels, Manchester and the Working Class (1974), Marcus charted the Manchester conurbation’s swift expansion from 24,000 inhabitants in 1773 to some 400,000 by the 1840s, a doubling of the population every 16 years. He showed how Friedrich Engels, sent to Manchester to work in a branch of his German family firm, used his capitalist father’s generosity to popularise and subsidise the ideas of a young Karl Marx whom he met there in 1842. But one British critic wondered whether the frequent errors of fact about Manchester implied that Marcus had never set foot in the city, while The Sunday Telegraph wished that Marcus had not written it with so many “far-fetched classical twitterings”. One notable aspect of The Other Victorians was Marcus’s breezy prose, a feature of all his books intended for a general readership. One scholarly reviewer of his Representations (1975), a collection of his reviews and essays, commended Marcus’s style for its “playfulness, wit, zest, and readability,” in contrast to the “high seriousness and arch academicism of most criticism today”. In 1988 a paranoid schizophrenic called Daniel Price heard Marcus lecture at Columbia. Afterwards Price inundated him with messages and posted him a suicide note. With his colleague Edward Said, Marcus persuaded Price to take psychiatric medication, but Price later sent death threats to both Marcus and Said, accusing them of “soul murder”, and in 1994 Marcus reported that Price had twice used a baseball bat to shatter windows at the English Department at Columbia before being arrested. In a major reorganisation in 1993, Marcus was appointed to serve as both dean of the college and vice-president for arts and sciences, only to be restored to his teaching and research post two years later. As dean, Marcus had been criticised for being unwilling to meet students and for not using email. After being compared in an editorial in the university newspaper to a “giant severed penis”, Marcus resigned citing health reasons. Steven Marcus’s first marriage, to Algene Ballif, in 1965, ended in divorce and the following year he married a German sociologist, Gertrud Lenzer. Their son John studied at the Juilliard school of music and became a violinist. Professor Steven Marcus, born December 13 1928, died April 25 2018 Andrew Borowiec Journalist who wrote a powerful account of his dramatic role as a youngster in the Warsaw Uprising A NDREW BOROWIEC, who has died aged 89, learnt his first English in a German prisonerof-war camp when he was 16. It was October 1944 and his teachers were captured British medics who had strayed into enemy hands. They were treating the wounds he had received towards the end of the Warsaw Uprising, trying to keep the Germans away from the manhole cover that was the hatch to his next escape route through the city’s sewers. Six years later, his English was good enough for him to talk his way into Columbia University’s Graduate School of Journalism in New York. This, and the French and German he had learnt as a child, got him a job with Associated Press, where his byline was anglicised from Andrjez to Andrew Borowiec. By 1956 he was part of the agency’s Paris bureau, from where he covered wars and revolutions in francophone former colonies such as Algeria, the Belgian Congo and Vietnam. He was last shot at in Croatia at the age of 63. But other people’s wars, as he called them, never matched his memories of growing up in a wartime Poland that, before Hitler turned on Stalin and invaded the USSR, was jointly occupied by Russian and German troops. He saw his first killing aged 11, when a Soviet sentry shot a tottering figure heading for the German zone across a frozen river. Jews came the other way. Enemies of the Reich dangled from roadside gibbets; intermittent gunfire sounded night and day as, despite horrendous reprisals, Poles continued to resist. A generation for whom the Nazis forbade education beyond 14 attended clandestine classrooms, and it was at one of these that an older boy recruited Borowiec to the Home Army, whose loyalty was to the government in exile in London. Boys his age were used mainly as couriers, but when the time came Borowiec started the way he intended to continue. “Somebody shouted, ‘Throw the grenade!’ ” he wrote in Warsaw Boy, his memoir, eventually published in 2014, which was started with notes pencilled on Red Cross lavatory paper in Stalag X1-A. “I looked around, then realised this command was directed at me. I pulled the pin and hurled it through the nearest window. I remember thinking I’ll never be able to live back with my mother after this.” Writing in The Daily Telegraph, Andrew, or Andrjez, Borowiec, in Poland after the war: during the uprising he crawled through sewers, shot his way through gunfights, saw his friends killed – and avenged them Lewis Jones called his book “a timely, angry, terribly moving and drily amusing account”. When he threw that grenade Borowiec was still two months short of his 16th birthday. Yet when the fighting began on a sunny August morning neither side expected it to last long. German forces included SS units composed almost entirely of desperate Red Army deserters with a gruesome reputation for massacre, rape and pillage. They estimated that it would take a couple of weeks at most to finish off a bunch of poorly armed teenagers. The Poles were just as certain of a swift victory. For days they had thrilled to the sound of the Red Army’s artillery getting closer as it approached the city’s outer suburbs on the Vistula’s east bank. Recent German losses in Russia and eastern Poland had been so big they hoped that the Wehrmacht might be planning to abandon Warsaw and regroup in East Prussia. In the event, both sides were wrong. Stalin saw the Warsaw Uprising as a chance to let Hitler dispose of the enemies of socialism most likely to resist Poland’s transformation into a Soviet satellite and paused his tanks. At the same time, the insurgents turned out to be better armed, partly by RAF airdrops, and often better led than either Stalin or the SS envisaged. In the end they were reduced to paper bandages and short of everything except courage, but they astonished both friend and foe alike by holding out for 63 days. Borowiec was among those who crawled through sewers, shot his way through close quarters gunfights, saw his friends killed – and avenged them. Once, he staggered firing out of the ruins of a house that, as the prelude for an infantry assault, had been blasted apart by an unmanned wire-guided miniature demolition vehicle on caterpillar tracks. About the size of a large suitcase, the Germans called it Goliath. Borowiec narrowly escaped from the building after he had spotted from a ground level basement window the Goliath approaching in beetle-like stops and starts. The basement was packed with wounded, but when he tried to raise the alarm a doctor reprimanded him for disturbing his patients. By the time the Goliath exploded the teenage veteran had reached the top step. His luck ran out on September 25 1944, the day after his 16th birthday. An agonising mortar shrapnel wound in his right leg came exactly a week before the depleted Home Army surrendered, by which time the Red Cross had secured an agreement that they would be granted the same prisoner-of-war status that the Poles had given their German prisoners and not executed as Polish banditen. As Borowiec lay in a makeshift field hospital, nurses put him in the only civilian clothes they could find: a satin-lapelled dinner suit and two left shoes. He was still wearing them when he limped through the gates of Stalag XI-A and into the arms of British medics. Andrjez Borowiec was born in Lodz on September 24 1928. His father, Stanislaw, was a career officer in the Austro-Hungarian Army that found itself on the losing side of the First World War. In 1920 Colonel Borowiec fought the Russians again when a newly independent Poland routed Lenin’s Bolshevik invaders. Divorced, he celebrated this victory with an unlikely marriage to Zofia Arct, the daughter of a general and some 20 years his junior. But when their only child was five she left him for a younger officer. Zofia had little access to her son and in her absence the boy became close to his Francophile governess, who was also his father’s mistress. Young Andrjez was living with his father in somewhat reduced circumstances in a German-occupied Carpathian mountain town, after they had been evicted from their family home to accommodate German civilians made homeless by the RAF. Then, in September 1942, Colonel Borowiec died of a stroke and Andrjez joined his mother in Warsaw. Two years later he threw his first grenade. By 1947, having briefly served with a Polish formation in Allied occupied Italy, Borowiec was living in Britain as a beneficiary of the Polish Resettlement Act. Intensive English language courses were available. Borowiec, having just failed to get into the LSE, read social sciences at a college in Pennsylvania and went from there to Columbia. On November 11 1954 he was among 50,000 new US citizens swearing their Oath of Allegiance at the Yankee Stadium. Once he became a journalist he rarely lived in America. Shortly after his second marriage he moved with his English wife Juliet, the younger sister of the novelist Shirley Conran, to Cyprus where – apart from a short interlude in Washington DC – they remained for more than 30 years. During this time he published political histories of Yugoslavia and Cyprus and a historical account of the Warsaw Uprising for a US academic imprint, but he could never finish an account of his own part in the events and nearly lost a draft in the 1974 Turkish invasion of Cyprus. In failing health, in 2012, he consulted Colin Smith, an old friend who had published military histories. Smith brought it to the attention of Penguin and it has since appeared in English, Italian, Greek and Polish editions. In 2015, shortly after the Polish government awarded him a Bene Merito distinction for promoting his country abroad, the Borowieces moved to Ilford Park Polish Home, near Newton Abbot. Andrew Borowiec is survived by Juliet and his two children by his first wife, Tamara. Andrew Borowiec, born September 24 1928, died April 14 2018 S ANDRA NOEL, who has died aged 74, was a great champion of her father Captain John Noel, the official photographer on the 1922 British expedition to Everest and its ill-fated successor in 1924. Her book, Everest Pioneer: the Photographs of John Noel (2003), with an introduction by Brian Blessed, included many previously unpublished images from his adventures as well as anecdotes that he had related to her. John Noel first visited the Himalaya region in 1913 disguised as an Indian tea planter while on leave from his Indian regiment. He later resigned his commission to join the 1922 expedition. According to Sandra Noel, the last letter written by George Mallory, who died on the 1924 expedition with Andrew “Sandy” Irvine, was to her father telling him of their efforts to reach the summit. His final images of the two men, taken on a Newman-Sinclair 35mm camera, depict their doomed ascent along the northern precipice. After Hillary and Tenzing reached the summit of Everest in 1953, her father found himself in demand to talk about the inter-war expeditions. Gradually she picked up the mantle and, using his evocative images, would recall his tales of derring-do. “He talked about the hardship, but I don’t think it seemed like hardship to them at the time,” she said. “They thought it was a huge adventure.” John Noel lived until the age of 99, dying in March 1989. While clearing out his possessions Sandra Noel, who inherited the rights to his photographic materials, came across old film footage from the expedition shot by her father. She passed it to the British Film Institute where, in 2003, it was added to his 1924 documentary, The Epic of Everest, which was subsequently rereleased with a new score by Simon Fisher Turner. Although Mallory’s body was discovered in May 1999, Irvine’s has never been found. Sandra Noel always hoped that a small camera Irvine was known to carry would come to light – and that it might contain proof that he and Mallory were the first to reach the summit of Everest. She, like her father, “held a mystical belief … a hope perhaps” that they had. Sandra Ruth Catherine KENT NEWS & PICTURES/LEWIS DURHAM Daughter of the photographer Academic and literary critic known for his analysis of Dickens and a study of Victorian pornography of the 1922 Everest expedition Sandra Noel with her father John Noel’s mountaineering boots Noel was born in Oxford on April 15 1943, 19 years after her father’s return from his final Everest expedition. His first wife had died young and he had met Mary (née Sullivan), Sandra’s Irish mother, in Glasgow while lecturing about his travels. After the war the family moved to Kent where her father, who had forfeited his Army pension by resigning, restored old buildings. An only child, she was educated at Ashford School, where her father would visit to give talks about his travels. As an old girl she remained involved with the Ashford School Association for the rest of her life. Having caught the travel bug from her father, she soon went off around Italy, Germany and Switzerland, learning their languages and teaching English. By the mid-1970s she was working as a tour manager, specialising in India and China and often travelling with parties organised by Cox & Kings. She even acquired a pilot’s licence in the hope of flying visitors to game reserves in Africa, though in the end that project came to naught. She particularly enjoyed taking passengers to Lapland on Concorde for the Christmas festivities. From 1996 to 2002 she ran a guesthouse in Kent and was a Blue Badge guide, escorting tourists around sites such as Dover, Canterbury and Battle. After inheriting her father’s materials Sandra Noel’s interest in promoting his work grew. At Christmas 2006 she visited the Himalayas, where she met a descendant of an English tea planter who had known her father and was able to locate the studio where John Noel had developed his Everest films. Sandra Noel is survived by her partner of 24 years, Lakhan Samuels. Sandra Noel, born April 15 1943, died February 24 2018 30 *** Wednesday 2 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph Television & radio The week in radio Jemima Lewis What to watch Radio shows about music give me good vibrations O Memories: The Beach Boys’ ‘God Only Knows’ was the subject of ‘Soul Music’ ne of the small sorrows of my life is that I can’t make music. As a dutiful middle-class child, I studied both the piano and the guitar for five years, at the end of which I still couldn’t read a note. When I attempt to sing in the car, my children cast me reproachful looks. And although I love listening to music of every kind, from baroque opera to hip-hop, I can seldom identify the instruments involved, let alone distinguish a tremolo from a vibrato. I was hoping that Radio 3’s new series Inside Music might cure me of this musical dyslexia. Every Saturday, a different virtuoso chooses a selection of music and explains, “from the inside”, what makes each piece so special. In the first episode, for example, the percussionist Colin Currie explained how, in a Steve Reich piece for two marimbas (giant xylophones to you and me), both musicians play the same tune, but one lags “that very important quaver behind”, which means “you get these incredible textures that just, sort of, bring the ear into a stratospheric bliss”. Interesting stuff – though I wasn’t certain I’d recognise a quaver if I met it down a dark alley. Four episodes in, I can’t claim to be much the wiser. Musicians, it turns out, are hardly better than athletes at explaining how they do what they do. They lean heavily on adjectives (“clean”, “flirtatious”, “warm”) that describe the end result without casting much light on the process. They rummage around in vain for the right words – and no wonder. Music so often expresses the inexpressible. Highly technical and difficult though it might be to create, it is received effortlessly, and by the heart rather than the brain. How does one explain this mystery? It can’t be done – and it doesn’t really matter. What makes this programme a joy to listen to is the enthusiasm of its presenters. This week’s expert, the soprano Claire Booth, was a particularly excitable host. At times she tumbled over her words and almost shouted into the microphone, so urgent was her zeal. At other moments, she just swooned with pleasure. “Ooooooh,” she shuddered at the end of Ravel’s Le Tombeau de Couperin. “That was so perfect you don’t want it to end. At least, I don’t.” Soul Music (Radio 4, Wednesday), goes in from the opposite angle. Each programme considers, not the execution of a piece of music, but its sentimental value to ordinary people. This is something that any of us, however musically illiterate, can understand. I remember exactly where I was when I first heard the subject of this week’s episode – God Only Knows, by The Beach Boys. It was 1981, we were staying by the sea with family friends, and their much-cooler-than-me son put Pet Sounds on the record player. As the French horns began their rising, melancholy introduction, I felt something new register in my 10-year-old heart: the pain that goes with love. I’m not sure there has ever been a pop song that better expresses the awful conundrum of finding a soulmate. True love can only end badly: if not with divorce, then with death. Two of the contributors to Soul Music were witnesses to this truth. Erin Prewitt experienced it at first hand when her husband – and the father of her young daughter – was killed by a car while out jogging. Kim Lynch saw it in her parents’ long and happy marriage. Aged eight, she woke up to the sound of those French horns drifting through the sunlit house, and her father telling her mother: “This is for you.” Decades later, as Lynch’s mother was dying of cancer, she wrote a final love letter to her husband. It just said: “God only knows what I’d be without you.” Soul Music often makes me sniffle – but this time I was bawling. R adio 4’s new series Instrument Makers began yesterday with a visit to Penrith, where master luthier Roger Bucknall makes some of the finest guitars in the world. The musicians Richard Hawley and Martin Simpson rootled around Bucknall’s workshop, marvelling at his collection of rare and ancient hardwoods, each of which creates a different tone. It’s always a pleasure to listen to perfectionists talking about their craft. But with no presenter to introduce us to each character, or help us keep track of who was talking, this often felt too muddled for comfort. Still, at least I now know what a “luthier” is. The education continues. Entertainment Love in the Countryside Benidorm BBC TWO, 9.00PM Among the many challenges facing British farmers today, the lack of potential partners is a perhaps underreported one. Seeking to right this wrong, Sara Cox has gathered eight agricultural singletons for this new series. After posting profiles and pictures on the BBC website, they have received sacks of letters from which they must select a few hopefuls to meet and then take home for a few days on the farm. The focus for this opening week falls on three of them. There’s 52-year-old Pete, whose bachelordom comes as no surprise given his claim that “cows are probably better behaved than women”, but whose softer centre emerges over the course of the hour; Dumfries farmer Christine, 32 and a vulnerable soul whose unwillingness to leave the family farm is as much psychological as practical; and 25-year-old Ed, a former wild child tamed by the quieter rhythms of rural life. Their brief dates veer from faltering to sweet and unwatchable, but by the end each has a ITV, 9.00PM After 10 series, ITV’s sun-drenched sitcom has been axed and this is its last ever episode. And it goes out with a bang: Holly Johnson follows in the footsteps of Carol Decker, as he arrives to entertain the guests. GT Factual Heathrow: Britain’s Busiest Airport ITV, 8.00PM Passenger experience manager Demi has to deal with disgruntled passengers and broken baggage belts, while border guard Bob assesses whether or not to allow a Brazilian student into the country, as the fourth series of the docusoap begins. GT Rich House, Poor House: The Big Surprise CHANNEL 5, 9.00PM It’s series five, and the Single minded: Sara Cox hosts the rural matchmaking show shortlist of potential mates. Although six episodes feels like a stretch, it’s an engaging career with his ornery, Oscar-winning turn in Billy Crystal comedy City Slickers. This brisk, concise profile pays tribute. GT Arts Mystery of the Lost Paintings SKY ARTS, 8.00PM This new series about lost art begins with a look at Graham Sutherland’s 1954 portrait of Winston Churchill. The picture was so loathed by Churchill’s wife Clementine that it was burnt. The Mona Lisa Myth, which investigates the theory that Leonardo painted two versions of the portrait, airs at 10.00pm. GT Discovering: Jack Palance SKY ARTS, 9.00PM Initially typecast as a concept, and with a madeto-measure host in downto-earth farmer’s daughter Cox. Gabriel Tate Documentary Britain’s Fat Fight with Hugh FearnleyWhittingstall Discovering Jack Palance wealthy Whitings switch houses with the Timmins family, who live in a two-bed property in Newquay: one is in the wealthiest 10 per cent, the other in the poorest; expect life lessons to be learnt. GT BBC ONE, 9.00PM; SCOTLAND, 10.45PM Mystery of the Lost Paintings villain in westerns (Shane) and melodramas (Sudden Fear), actor Jack Palance went on to have an unpredictable career, working with Jean-Luc Godard in Le Mepris and Percy Adlon in Baghdad Café, before capping his Hugh challenges restaurants to improve calorie information on menus, spreads the word about the high sugar content in fruit juices and smoothies, and recruits comedian Ross Noble for his campaign to improve Newcastle’s eating habits. GT Sport Champions League Football: Roma v Liverpool BT SPORT 2, 7.45PM Having lost the first leg 5-2, Roma host Liverpool in the Italian capital. A place in the final against either Bayern Munich or Real Madrid awaits the winner. Radio choice Charlotte Runcie Proposal RADIO 2, 10.00PM Ben Ashenden and Alex Owen are some of the latest successful comedians to emerge from the Cambridge Footlights stable. They already have three well-received series of the meta, absurdist Radio 4 sketch comedy The Radio 1 FM 97.6-99.8MHz 6.30 am The Radio 1 Breakfast Show with Nick Grimshaw 10.00 Clara Amfo 12.45 pm Newsbeat 1.00 Scott Mills 4.00 Greg James 5.45 Newsbeat 6.00 Greg James 7.00 Stefflon Don and Dotty 9.00 The 8th with Charlie Sloth 11.00 Huw Stephens 1.00 am Benji B 3.00 Radio 1 Comedy – Niki and Sammy’s Peachy Podcast 4.00 - 6.30am Radio 1’s Early Breakfast Show with Adele Roberts Radio 2 FM 88-90.2MHz 6.30 9.30 12.00 2.00 5.00 7.00 8.00 10.00 10.30 11.00 12.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 am Chris Evans Ken Bruce Jeremy Vine pm Steve Wright in the Afternoon Simon Mayo The Folk Show with Mark Radcliffe Jo Whiley ◆ Proposal. See Radio choice ◆ Celebrity Lip Service. See Radio choice Old Grey Whistle Test 40 Pick of the Pops am Radio 2 Playlists: Country Playlist Radio 2 Playlist: Easy Radio 2 Playlist: Radio 2 Rocks - 6.30am Vanessa Feltz Radio 3 FM 90.2-92.4MHz 6.30 am Breakfast 9.00 Essential Classics 12.00 Composer of the Week: Copland 1.00 pm News 1.02 Radio 3 Lunchtime Concert. 2.00 Afternoon Concert 3.30 Choral Evensong Pin under their belts. The one, Proposal, is a pilot for a longer-form sitcom written by the pair, though it has a more traditional premise: it’s follows a couple called Jamie and Lucy (The Inbetweeners’s Joe Thomas and Doctor Who’s Pearl Mackie) as Jamie plucks up the courage to pop the question. 4.30 5.00 7.00 7.30 10.00 10.45 11.00 12.30 BBC Young Musician 2018 In Tune In Tune Mixtape Radio 3 in Concert Free Thinking The Essay: My Life in Music Late Junction - 6.30am Through the Night Radio 4 FM 92.4-94.6MHz; LW 198KHz 6.00 8.30 9.00 9.30 9.45 9.45 10.00 10.56 11.00 11.30 12.00 12.01 12.04 12.15 12.57 1.00 1.45 2.00 2.15 3.00 3.30 4.00 4.30 5.00 5.54 5.57 6.00 6.30 7.00 7.15 7.45 8.00 8.45 9.00 9.30 9.59 10.00 10.45 11.00 am Today LW: Yesterday in Parliament Soul Music The History of Secrecy FM: Book of the Week: The Life and Rhymes of Benjamin zephaniah LW: Daily Service Woman’s Hour The Listening Project Single Black Female Ability News pm LW: Shipping Forecast Four Thought You and Yours Weather The World at One Chinese Characters The Archers Drama: Fury Money Box Live All in the Mind Thinking Allowed The Media Show PM LW: Shipping Forecast Weather Six O’Clock News Daliso Chaponda: Citizen of Nowhere The Archers Front Row Love Henry James: The Wings of the Dove FutureProofing Four Thought Costing the Earth Soul Music Weather The World Tonight Book at Bedtime: The Valley at the Centre of the World Six Degrees of John Sessions Celebrity Lip Service RADIO 2, 10.30PM Radio 2 is attempting to rejuvenate impressions, pranks and stunts with this new comedy pilot. Here, some of Britain’s most talented up–and-coming impressionists put their skills to the test as they attempt to see how far 11.15 11.30 12.00 12.30 12.48 1.00 5.20 5.30 5.43 5.45 5.58 The John Moloney Show Today in Parliament News and Weather am Book of the Week: The Life and Rhymes of Benjamin zephaniah Shipping Forecast As World Service Shipping Forecast News Briefing Prayer for the Day Farming Today - 6.00am Tweet of the Day Radio 5 Live MW 693 & 909KHz 6.00 am 5 Live Breakfast 10.00 The Emma Barnett Show with Anna Foster 1.00 pm Afternoon Edition 4.00 5 Live Drive 7.00 5 Live Sport. Mark Chapman presents coverage of the night’s Champions League semi-final second-leg game between AS Roma and Liverpool 10.30 Phil Williams 1.00 am Up All Night 5.00 Morning Reports 5.15 - 6.00am Wake Up to Money Classic FM FM 99.9-101.9MHz 6.00 9.00 1.00 5.00 7.00 8.00 am More Music Breakfast John Suchet pm Nicholas Owen Classic FM Drive Smooth Classics at Seven The Full Works Concert. Jane Jones presents a tribute to the life and career of Russian conductor Valery Gergiev 10.00 Smooth Classics 1.00 - 6.00am Sam Pittis World Service DIGITAL ONLY 6.00am Newsday 8.06 HARDtalk 8.30 Business Daily 8.50 Witness 9.00 News 9.06 The Documentary 10.00 World Update 11.00 The Newsroom organisations will go if they think they’re speaking to a bona fide celebrity. For example, will Pizza Express in Watford clear its premises for a famous actor to dine with his cats? Or will Exeter City Council agree to turn off all their street lights so the controversial Katie Hopkins can go to sleep? 11.30 The Documentary 12.00 News 12.06pm Outlook 1.00 The Newsroom 1.30 The Compass 2.00 Newshour 3.00 News 3.06 HARDtalk 3.30 World Business Report 4.00 BBC OS 6.00 News 6.06 Outlook 7.00 The Newsroom 7.30 Sport Today 8.00 News 8.06 HARDtalk 8.30 Healthcheck 9.00 Newshour 10.00 News 10.06 The Compass 10.30 The Documentary 11.00 News 11.06 The Newsroom 11.20 Sports News 11.30 World Business Report 12.00 News 12.06am The Documentary 1.00 News 1.06 Business Matters 2.00 News 2.06 The Newsroom 2.30 The Documentary 3.00 News 3.06 Newsday 3.30 The Food Chain 4.00 News 4.06 Newsday 5.00 News 5.06 The Newsroom 5.30 6.00am Healthcheck Radio 4 Extra DIGITAL ONLY 6.00am John Mortimer Presents The Trials of Marshall Hall 6.30 Night Visions 7.00 Ring Around the Bath 7.30 Sketchtopia 8.00 The Navy Lark 8.30 Round the Horne 9.00 The Write Stuff 9.30 Life, Death and Sex with Mike and Sue 10.00 The Earthquake Girl 11.00 After Milk Wood 11.15 Galbraith and the King of Diamonds 12.00 The Navy Lark 12.30pm Round the Horne 1.00 John Mortimer Presents The Trials of Marshall Hall 1.30 Night Visions 2.00 The Secret History 2.15 Shakespeare’s Restless World 2.30 The Enchanted April 2.45 Sissinghurst: An Unfinished History 3.00 The Earthquake Girl 4.00 The Write Stuff 4.30 Life, Death and Sex with Mike and Sue 5.00 Ring Around the Bath 5.30 Sketchtopia 6.00 The Man Who Was Thursday 6.30 The Tingle Factor 7.00 The Navy Lark 7.30 Round the Horne 8.00 John Mortimer Presents The Trials of Marshall Hall 8.30 Night Visions 9.00 After Milk Wood 9.15 Galbraith and the King of Diamonds 10.00 Comedy Club 12.00 The Man Who Was Thursday 12.30am The Tingle Factor 1.00 John Mortimer Presents The Trials of Marshall Hall 1.30 Night Visions 2.00 The Secret History 2.15 Shakespeare’s Restless World 2.30 The Enchanted April 2.45 Sissinghurst: An Unfinished History 3.00 The Earthquake Girl 4.00 The Write Stuff 4.30 Life, Death and Sex with Mike and Sue 5.00 Ring Around the Bath 5.30 6.00am Sketchtopia *** The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 May 2018 31 Today’s television FV Freeview FS Freesat (AD) Audio description (R) Repeat (S) Subtitles (SL) In-vision signing BBC One BBC Two ITV Channel 4 Channel 5 6.00 am Breakfast (S) 9.15 Rip Off Britain: Food (S) 10.00 Homes Under the Hammer (R) (S) 11.00 A1: Britain’s Longest Road (AD) (S) 11.45 The Housing Enforcers (S) 12.15 pm Bargain Hunt (AD) (R) (S) 1.00 BBC News at One; Weather (S) 1.30 Regional News; Weather (S) 1.45 Doctors (AD) (S) 2.15 800 Words (AD) (S) 3.00 Escape to the Country (AD) (R) (S) 3.45 Flipping Profit (AD) (S) 4.30 Flog It! (S) 5.15 Pointless (S) 6.00 BBC News at Six; Weather (S) 6.30 Regional News; Weather (S) 6.00 am Flog It! Trade Secrets (R) (S) 6.30 A1: Britain’s Longest Road (AD) (R) (S) 7.15 Rip Off Britain: Food (R) (S) 8.00 Sign Zone: See Hear (S) (SL) 8.30 Sign Zone: Great British Railway Journeys (AD) (R) (S) (SL) 9.00 Victoria Derbyshire (S) 10.00 Live Snooker: The World Championship. Coverage of the opening session on day 12 at the Crucible Theatre (S) 11.30 Daily Politics (S) 1.00 pm Live Snooker: The World Championship Coverage of two quarter-finals (S) 6.00 Eggheads (R) (S) 6.30 Britain in Bloom (S) 6.00 am Good Morning Britain (S) 8.30 Lorraine (S) 9.25 The Jeremy Kyle Show (S) 10.30 This Morning (S) 12.30 pm Loose Women (S) 1.30 News; Weather (S) 1.55 Regional News; Weather (S) 2.00 Judge Rinder (S) 3.00 Tenable (S) 4.00 Tipping Point (S) 5.00 The Chase (S) 6.00 Regional News; Weather (S) 6.30 News; Weather (S) 6.00 am Countdown (R) (S) 6.45 3rd Rock from the Sun (AD) (R) (S) 7.10 3rd Rock from the Sun (AD) (R) (S) 7.35 Everybody Loves Raymond (R) (S) 8.00 Everybody Loves Raymond (R) (S) 8.30 Frasier (R) (S) 9.00 Frasier (R) (S) 9.35 Frasier (R) (S) 10.05 Ramsay’s Hotel Hell (AD) (R) (S) 11.00 Undercover Boss USA (R) (S) 12.00 Channel 4 News (S) 12.05 pm Coast vs Country (AD) (R) (S) 1.05 Posh Pawnbrokers (R) (S) 2.10 Countdown (S) 3.00 A Place in the Sun: Home or Away (R) (S) 4.00 Escape to the Chateau: DIY (AD) (S) 5.00 Four in a Bed (R) (S) 5.30 Buy It Now (S) 6.00 The Simpsons (AD) (R) (S) 6.30 Hollyoaks (AD) (R) (S) 6.00 am Milkshake! 9.15 The Wright Stuff 11.15 Paddington Station 24/7 (R) (S) 12.10 pm 5 News Lunchtime (S) 12.15 GPs: Behind Closed Doors (AD) (R) (S) 1.10 Access (S) 1.15 Home and Away (AD) (S) 1.45 Neighbours (AD) (S) 2.15 NCIS (AD) (R) (S) 3.15 FILM: A Daughter’s Nightmare (2013, TVM) Drama starring Emily Osment (S) 5.00 5 News at 5 (S) 5.30 Neighbours (AD) (R) (S) 6.00 Home and Away (AD) (R) (S) 6.30 5 News Tonight (S) Britain’s Fat Fight: Fearnley-Whittingstall Top of the Shop with Tom Kerridge Benidorm: Holly Johnson The Secret Life of the Zoo 7.00 Live Snooker: The World Championship The concluding session on day 12 at the Crucible Theatre (S) 7.00 Emmerdale Liv tries to deny that she has a drinking problem (AD) (S) 8.00 Watchdog Live The team report on what has gone wrong with a global company’s attempt to put right a huge problem (S) 8.00 Top of the Shop with Tom Kerridge Four producers of drinks compete against each other for one place in the final (AD) (S) 8.00 Heathrow: Britain’s Busiest Airport New series See What to watch (AD) 9.00 Britain’s Fat Fight with Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall Hugh turns his attention to the alarming amount of sugar found in fruit juices and smoothies See What to watch (AD) (S) 9.00 Love In the Countryside New series. Sara Cox meets eight singletons living in the countryside as they begin their journey to find love See What to watch (AD) (S) 10.00 Detectorists The dark cloud of a solar farm threatens the tranquillity (AD) (R) (S) 10.30 Newsnight (S) 11.15 Snooker: The World Championship 12.05am Snooker: World Championship Extra 2.05 Sign Zone: See Hear 2.35 Sign Zone: MasterChef: The Finals 3.35 Sign Zone: Pilgrimage: The Road to Santiago 4.35 - 6.00am This Is BBC Two 7.00 The One Show Hosted by Matt Baker and Alex Jones (S) 10.00 BBC News at Ten (S) 10.30 Regional News; Weather (S) 10.45 A Question of Sport Panellists include Johnny Nelson and Katharine Merry (S) 11.15 Ambulance 12.20- 6.00am News S4C Northern Ireland BBC One: 10.40pm The Top Table 11.40 A Question of Sport 12.10am Ambulance 1.10 6.00am BBC News BBC Two: No variations BBC Four ITV3 FV 10 FS 115 SKY 119 VIRGIN 117 7.00 pm Beyond 100 Days 7.30 The Culture Show: Lego – The Building Blocks of Architecture 8.00 The Great Rift: Africa’s Wild Heart 9.00 Elizabeth I’s Secret Agents 10.00 The Celts: Blood, Iron and Sacrifice with Alice Roberts and Neil Oliver 11.00 Putin: The New Tsar 12.00 Bombay Railway 1.00 am Top of the Pops: 1983 1.30 Top of the Pops: 1983 2.00 The Great Rift: Africa’s Wild Heart 3.00 - 4.00am Elizabeth I’s Secret Agents 10.25 12.30 1.35 2.40 3.15 3.45 4.20 4.50 5.25 5.55 7.00 8.00 10.00 11.20 12.45 2.25 2.30 ITV2 Designs 9.00 Building the Dream 10.00 24 Hours in A&E 11.10 8 Out of 10 Cats Does Countdown 12.10am Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA 1.05 24 Hours in A&E 2.10 Building the Dream 3.154.00am 8 Out of 10 Cats: Best Bits 10.20am The Bachelorette 12.15pm Emmerdale 12.45 You’ve Been Framed! Gold Top 100 Sport Stars 1.45 The Ellen DeGeneres Show 2.35 The Jeremy Kyle Show 5.50 Take Me Out 7.00 You’ve Been Framed! Gold 8.00 Two and a Half Men 8.30 Superstore 9.00 FILM: Hot Fuzz (2007) Action comedy starring Simon Pegg 11.25 Family Guy 12.55am American Dad! 1.50 Two and a Half Men 2.15-5.45am Teleshopping E4 Noon The Goldbergs 1.00pm The Big Bang Theory 2.00 How I Met Your Mother 3.00 New Girl 4.00 Brooklyn Nine-Nine 5.00 The Goldbergs 6.00 The Big Bang Theory 7.00 Hollyoaks 7.30 Extreme Cake Makers 8.00 The Goldbergs 8.30 The Big Bang Theory 9.00 Timeless 10.00 Naked Attraction 11.05 The Big Bang Theory 12.00 Celebrity First Dates 1.05am Tattoo Fixers 2.10 Naked Attraction 3.05 Timeless 3.55-4.40am The Goldbergs More4 11.35am Four in a Bed 2.10pm Come Dine with Me 4.50 A Place in the Sun: Winter Sun 5.55 Ugly House to Lovely House with George Clarke 6.55 The Secret Life of the Zoo 7.55 Grand am Agatha Christie’s Marple pm The Royal Heartbeat Classic Coronation Street Classic Coronation Street On the Buses On the Buses You’re Only Young Twice George and Mildred Heartbeat Murder, She Wrote Endeavour The Street The Street am Agatha Christie’s Marple ITV3 Nightscreen - 6.00am Teleshopping Dave Noon American Pickers 1.00pm Top Gear 3.00 Sin City Motors 4.00 Steve Austin’s Broken Skull Challenge 5.00 Top Gear 6.00 Room 101 6.40 Would I Lie to You? 8.00 QI XL 9.00 Taskmaster 10.00 Room 101 10.40 Live at the Apollo 11.40 QI XL 12.40am Would I Lie to You? 1.20 Mock the Week 2.00 QI 2.40 Would I Lie to You? 3.20-4.00am Parks and Recreation Sky Sports Main Event Noon Sky Sports News 3.00pm Live Indian Premier League. Delhi Daredevils v Rajasthan Royals. All the action from the match, which is taking place at Feroz Shah Kotla in Delhi. The Royals claimed a 10-run victory by the Duckworth-LewisStern method in a rain-hit reverse fixture in Jaipur 7.30 Sky Sports Tonight 8.00 NFL Draft 8.30 F1 Report 9.00 Sky Sports Tonight 10.00 Behind The Ropes: Bellew v Haye. Behind the scenes of both boxers’ camps, as they prepare for their heavyweight rematch at O2 Arena on May 5 11.00-6.00am Sky Sports News Andy Warhol would have been knocked sideways by this uproarious all-art, all-advertising family adventure that perfectly captures Lego’s unique charms. The plot is a Star Wars/Matrix hybrid with jokes, in which a builder from the town of Bricksburg becomes the unlikely leader of a resistance movement. Parents who grew up with Lego will feel the prickle of nostalgia, and children will be swept away. The Dressmaker (2015) FILM4, 9.00PM ★★ 8.00 The Secret Life of the Zoo Pregnant giraffe Orla goes into labour (S) 8.00 GPs: Behind Closed Doors A man is encouraged to cut back on the 60-hour weeks he regularly works (AD) (S) 9.00 Benidorm A strike in the airport causes panic at the Solana. Last in the series See What to watch (AD) (S) 9.00 One Born Every Minute A couple originally from Bulgaria visit Birmingham Women’s Hospital (AD) (S) 9.00 Rich House, Poor House: The Big Surprise New series. Two families from the Newquay area swap homes and budgets for a week See What to watch (S) 10.00 News; Weather (S) 10.30 Regional News; Weather (S) 10.45 Uefa Champions League Highlights Action from the semi-final secondleg matches (S) 10.00 First Dates A Reiki healer it set up on a date with a children’s entertainer (AD) (S) 11.05 My F-ing Tourette’s Family 12.05am Live from Abbey Road Classics 12.35 How’d You Get So Rich? 1.15 FILM: Playing for Keeps (2012) Comedy starring Gerard Butler 3.00 Come Dine Champion of Champions 3.55 Gok’s Fill Your House for Free 4.45 Steph and Dom’s One Star to Five Star 5.10 - 6.00am Fifteen to One 8.30 Coronation Street Angie is blindsided by Jude’s betrayal (AD) (S) In Jocelyn Moorhouse’s royally daffy outback melodrama, Kate Winslet plays the perfectly styled seamstress Tilly Dunnage, returning to her dusty hometown. There are scores to be settled, an amnesiac mother (Judy Davis) to be coaxed into lucidity and a rugby-playing stud (Liam Hemsworth) to be ensnared. But most of all, there are frocks: every scene’s a Dior-inspired catwalk in the scrub. 10.00 Billionaire Babies: 24 Carat Kids The world of super-rich babies and young children (R) (S) 11.05 Named and Shamed: Greatest Celebrity Scandals 12.05am Celeb Trolls: We’re Coming to Get You 1.00 SuperCasino 3.10 GPs: Behind Closed Doors 4.00 Never Teach Your Wife to Drive 4.45 House Doctor 5.10 Wildlife SOS 5.35 6.00am House Doctor The Day of the Triffids (1962, b/w) TALKING PICTURES TV, 9.00PM ★★★ UTV: 12.20am Teleshopping 1.50 3.00am ITV Nightscreen Scotland BBC One: 9.00 - 10.00pm The Cancer Hospital 10.45 Britain’s Fat Fight with Hugh FearnleyWhittingstall 11.45 A Question of Sport 12.15am Ambulance 1.20 - 6.00am BBC News BBC Two: No variations STV: 10.30pm Scotland Tonight 11.05 Uefa Champions League Highlights 12.05am Teleshopping 2.05 After Midnight 3.35 ITV Nightscreen 4.05 The Jeremy Kyle Show 5.00 - 6.00am Teleshopping ITV Wales: 6.00 - 6.30pm ITV News Wales at Six Wales ITV Regions BBC One: No variations BBC Two: No variations No variations, except: ITV Channel: 12.20 - 3.00am ITV Nightscreen An adaptation of John Wyndham’s more serious novel, this is clunky, hammy, hysterical sci-fi fun from an age when films could end with a narrator saying, “Mankind survived and once again have reason to give thanks.” Giant carnivorous plants arrive in a meteor shower. They attack mankind. Mankind runs around shrieking. Mankind gets its act together. The end. FV Freeview FS Freesat (AD) Audio description (R) Repeat (S) Subtitles (SL) In-vision signing Freeview, satellite and cable FV 9 FS 107 SKY 116 VIRGIN 107 5STAR, 7.00PM ★★★★ 7.00 Police Interceptors Lee is confronted by a particularly mouthy motorist (R) (S) 7.00 Channel 4 News (S) Variations 6.00am Cyw 11.00 Dysgu Gyda Cyw 12.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 12.05pm Crwydro 12.30 Y Ty Arian 1.30 Garddio a Mwy 2.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 2.05 Prynhawn Da 3.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 3.05 Pengelli 3.30 Tro Breizh Lyn Ebenezer 4.00 Awr Fawr 5.00 Stwnsh 6.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 6.05 Her yr Hinsawdd 6.30 Mwy o Sgorio 7.00 Heno 8.00 Pobol y Cwm 8.25 Wil ac Aeron: Taith Rwmania 9.00 Newyddion 9 a’r Tywydd 9.30 Elis James: Cic Lan Yr Archif 10.00 Dim Byd/Mwy 10.30 Galw Nain Nain Nain 11.05 - 11.40pm Cadw Cwmni gyda John Hardy The Lego Movie (2014) Rich House, Poor House: The Big Surprise 7.30 Coronation Street Mary and Jude pull out all the stops to keep Angie in the dark (AD) (S) 11.45 Play to the Whistle 12.20am Jackpot247 3.00 Grantchester 3.50 ITV Nightscreen 5.05 - 6.00am The Jeremy Kyle Show Film choice SNAP / REX Main channels ITV4 FV 24 FS 117 SKY 120 VIRGIN 118 11.40 12.45 1.50 2.55 3.55 4.55 6.05 7.00 7.30 7.55 9.00 10.00 12.00 1.10 2.05 2.55 3.00 am The Avengers pm Ironside Quincy ME Minder The Saint The Avengers Cash Cowboys Pawn Stars Pawn Stars Mr Bean The Motorbike Show FILM: Hard Target (1993) Action thriller starring JeanClaude Van Damme The Americans am Lethal Weapon Bear Grylls: Mission Survive ITV4 Nightscreen - 6.00am Teleshopping Sky Sports Premier League Noon Premier League Review 1.00pm Premier League 100 Club 2.00 PL Best Goals 07/08 3.00 Premier League Years 5.00 Premier League Review 6.00 Best Premier League Own Goals 6.30 Best PL Goals: Chelsea v Man Utd 7.00 Best PL Goals: Man Utd v Newcastle 7.30 Premier League World 8.00 Premier League Review 9.00 Premier League World 9.30 Best PL Goals: Tottenham v Chelsea 10.00 The Debate 11.00 Premier League World 11.30 Best PL Goals: North London Derby 12.00 PL Best Goals 13/14 1.00am The Debate 2.00 Premier League World 2.30 PL Greatest Games 3.004.00am The Debate BT Sport 1 10.00am Live WTA Tennis. The J&T Banka Prague Open 4.00pm BT Sport Goals Reload 4.15 Hyundai A-League Highlights 5.15 Premier League 6.45 Live Vanarama National League. Aldershot Town v Ebbsfleet United (Kick-off 7.00pm). Coverage of the play-off elimination final, which takes place at The Electrical Services Stadium 9.15 Premier League Reload 9.30 BT Sport Films 11.00 PSA Squash Highlights 12.00 30 for 30 1.00am Live NBA. Houston Rockets v Utah Jazz (Tip-off 1.00am). Coverage of Sky One SKY 106 VIRGIN 110 Noon 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 5.30 6.00 6.30 9.00 10.00 12.00 1.00 2.00 3.00 NCIS: Los Angeles pm Hawaii Five-0 Hawaii Five-0 NCIS: Los Angeles Stargate SG-1 The Simpsons Futurama Futurama The Simpsons A League of Their Own Premier League’s Greatest Moments Brit Cops: Rapid Response am Ross Kemp: Extreme World Most Shocking - 4.00am Duck Quacks Don’t Echo game two of the Western Conference semi-final, which takes place at Toyota Centre 3.30 BT Sport Reload. 4.00 Stevie G meets Dele Alli. 4.30 UFC: Beyond the Octagon. History Noon The Curse of Civil War Gold 1.00pm Pawn Stars 2.00 American Pickers 3.00 Counting Cars 4.00 Storage Wars 5.30 Pawn Stars 6.00 Forged in Fire 7.00 American Pickers 8.00 The Curse of Civil War Gold 10.00 The Curse of Oak Island 11.00 Breaking Mysterious 12.00 Forged in Fire 1.00am Storage Wars 1.30 Pawn Stars 2.00 Homicide Hunter 3.004.00am Ancient Aliens Sky Arts Noon The Eighties 1.00pm Discovering: Burt Lancaster 2.00 Watercolour Challenge 2.30 The Art Show 3.30 Tales of the Unexpected 4.00 Classic Albums 5.00 The Eighties 6.00 Discovering: Henry Fonda 7.00 Tate Britain’s Great Art Walks 8.00 Mystery of the Lost Paintings See What to watch 9.00 Discovering: Jack Palance See What to watch 10.00 The Mona Lisa Myth 11.50 At-Issue 12.00 Mystery of the Lost Paintings 1.00am Depeche Mode: Live in Berlin 2.30-4.30am Black Sabbath: The End of the End Sky Atlantic SKY 108 Noon 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.00 10.35 11.10 11.50 1.00 2.15 2.50 3.25 Film4 FV 15 FS 300 SKY 313 VIRGIN 428 House pm Without a Trace Blue Bloods The West Wing The West Wing House House CSI: Crime Scene Investigation Blue Bloods Occupied High Maintenance Silicon Valley Barry Billions am The Sopranos Togetherness House of Lies - 4.00am Happyish Sky Cinema Premiere 24 hours, including at: 5.05pm Captain Underpants: The First Epic Movie (2017) Cartoon adventure with the voice of Kevin Hart 6.50 Girls Trip (2017) Comedy starring Regina Hall 9.00 Brawl In Cell Block 99 (2017) Crime thriller starring Vince Vaughn 11.20 After the Storm (2016) Premiere. Comedy drama starring Hiroshi Abe 1.25am Where’s the Money (2017) Comedy starring Andrew Bachelor 3.055.00am Palm Swings (2017) Comedy drama starring Sugar Lyn Beard PBS America 11.25am JFK: A New Perspective 12.35pm The Aviators 1.15 The Nuremberg Prosecutor: Benjamin Ferencz 1.55 Air Warriors 3.00 Billy the Kid 4.10 JFK: A New Perspective 5.20 The Aviators 5.55 The Nuremberg Prosecutor: Benjamin Ferencz 6.35 Air Warriors 7.50 Why Trains Crash 9.10 The Vietnam War 11.35 Why Trains Crash 12.55am Air Warriors 2.006.00am Teleshopping TCM 24 hours, including at: 5.10pm Saddle the Wind (1958) Western starring Robert Taylor and John Cassavetes 6.50 Off Set 7.10 Guns of 11.00 am Terror in a Texas Town (1958, b/w) Western 12.40 pm The Spoilers (1955, b/w) Western 2.20 Gun Fury (1953) Western 3.55 Three Faces West (1940, b/w) Drama with John Wayne 5.30 Hondo (1953) Western starring John Wayne 7.10 Fantastic Four: Rise of the Silver Surfer (2007) Sci-fi starring Ioan Gruffudd 9.00 The Dressmaker (2015) Drama starring Kate Winslet See Film choice 11.20 Regression (2015) Thriller starring Ethan Hawke 1.30 - 3.55am Drowning by Numbers (1988) Wyoming (1963) Western starring Robert Taylor 9.00 Fire Down Below (1997) Action adventure starring Steven Seagal 11.15 The Deer Hunter (1978) Vietnam War drama starring Robert De Niro 2.55am Conspiracy Theory with Jesse Ventura 3.55-5.00am Hollywood’s Best Film Directors GOLD 11.20am You Rang, M’Lord? 12.20pm The Green Green Grass 1.00 As Time Goes By 1.40 Butterflies 2.20 Only Fools and Horses 3.00 Last of the Summer Wine 5.00 You Rang, M’Lord? 6.00 As Time Goes By 6.40 The Green Green Grass 7.20 Dad’s Army 8.40 Only Fools and Horses 9.25 Citizen Khan 10.40 Live at the Apollo 11.40 Goodnight Sweetheart 12.20am Nurse 1.00 Citizen Khan 1.40 Live at the Apollo 2.35 Harry Hill’s TV Burp 3.00 Vic Reeves Big Night Out 3.25-4.00am Nurse Vintage TV 11.00am Whimsical Wednesday 1.00pm My Mixtape 2.00 The Nineties, Naturally 5.00 Tune In… To 1986 6.00 Tune In… To 1978 7.00 Tune In… To 1980 8.00 Men Up Front: ‘80s 9.00 Still Got It! 10.00 Cymru Class Acts 10.30 Live With… Jack Harris 11.00 Seattle Sounds 12.00 The Night Shift 3.00-6.00am Neil McCormick’s Needle Time 32 *** Wednesday 2 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph Weather and crosswords Nature notes A songbird’s tale of two Britains A northern powerhouse for songbirds is emerging as species thriving in Scotland struggle south of the border. Spotted flycatchers and willow warblers in particular are showing huge differences in fortunes, the latest Breeding Bird Survey (BBS) found. In Scotland flycatchers increased by two thirds between 2011 and 2016 and willow warblers saw an increase of a fifth over the past 23 years. In England, however, both species are in trouble with the number of breeding flycatchers having declined 65 per cent since the first BBS survey in 1994. As a result, the species has been red-listed (of the highest conservation concern). Warblers have declined 9 per cent since the survey began, while a worrying 40 per cent of its breeding population has been lost in England. The results were compiled thanks to a record 2,814 volunteers who collected the data. Samantha Herbert Our puzzle website Enjoy your favourite Telegraph puzzles with our website. Visit puzzles.telegraph.co.uk Prize puzzles: You can win puzzles added weekly cash prizes with our exclusive Leaderboard: Play online crosswords interactively for points, and Your profile: Create compare your score on the a Nickname and add a photo leaderboard Puzzle archive: More than Print and play: Print 5,000 puzzles from Crosswords puzzles to complete at your to Sudoku. Plus over 50 new leisure The Daily Telegraph published by Telegraph Media Group Ltd, 111 Buckingham Palace Road, London SW1W 0DT. Tel: 020 7931 2000 Printed at Newsprinters (Broxbourne) Ltd, Great Cambridge Road, Waltham Cross, Hertfordshire EN8 8DY; Newsprinters (Knowsley) Ltd, Kitling Road, Prescot, Merseyside L34 9HN; Newsprinters (Eurocentral) Ltd, Byramsmuir Road, Holytown, Motherwell; and Independent News and Media, Unit 5 Springhill Road, Carnbane Industrial Estate, Newry, County Down, Northern Ireland BT35 6EF. Registered as a Newspaper at the Post Office. Newspapers Support Recycling. 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