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The Daily Telegraph - May 2, 2018

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Wednesday 2 May 2018
No 50,682 £ 1.80
Fashion on
Plus Perfect
skirts for
The ultimate bank
holiday wardrobe
Style & Features, page 22
Princess Charlotte
A mum’s guide
to coping with
a ‘threenager’
Style & Features, page 21
B R I TA I N ’ S B E S T - S E L L I N G Q U A L I T Y D A I LY
Addictive games a risk
to health, says minister
Highly addictive video games risk
having a “damaging” impact on
children’s lives, the Culture Secretary
has warned, after parents raised
concerns about a hugely popular
multi-player “survival shooter”.
Matt Hancock made the warning after
it was revealed that Fortnite, a video
game which pits 100 players against
each other and is free to play on
mobile phones and games consoles,
had been downloaded more than
40 million times since its launch in
July last year and had been endorsed
by several celebrities.
Page 3
Loophole ‘used to
expel skilled migrants’
The Home Office is using a clause
designed to deport people deemed
national security risks to expel highly
skilled migrants for minor tax
mistakes. Campaigners believe
thousands of people may have been
affected after officials refused them the
right to remain in the UK because of
missed tax deadlines or minor errors.
The disclosure follows the Windrush
scandal, which cost Amber Rudd her
job. Evidence seen by The Telegraph
shows caseworkers discussing whether
minor infringements could be used
against applicants.
Page 6
‘Mrs May decided on a
hard border between the
Leavers and Remainers’
Apple buyback boost
as iPhone sales leap
Apple last night brushed off
suggestions that the iPhone party was
over as it reported increasing sales and
announced a $100bn (£73bn) share
buyback. The world’s biggest listed
company said revenues in the three
months to the end of March grew by
16pc to $61.1bn, leading profits to grow
25pc to $13.8bn. The results beat Wall
Street expectations, leading shares in
the company to jump in after-hours
trading. Reports from Asian suppliers
had sent Apple shares falling as
investors feared that the latest iPhone
models had not sold as well as hoped.
Business, page 1
Allison Pearson
When did
bringing up
a baby
become a
rich woman’s
9 *ujöeöu#yxc,cx* ÊÑËÈ
Sixty Tory rebels tell PM customs proposal
with EU could ‘collapse the Government’
By Christopher Hope and
Gordon Rayner
THERESA MAY has been warned the
Government will “collapse” if she does
not abandon plans for a post-Brexit
customs partnership with the EU.
Sixty Eurosceptic Conservative MPs
from the European Research Group,
led by Jacob Rees-Mogg, have sent the
Prime Minister a 30-page report detailing their opposition to the plan.
No 10 has been told in correspondence that accepting a customs partnership would be fatal because it would
mean Mrs May cannot deliver a clean
break from the EU and would therefore
lose the backing of Brexiteers.
Sources have told The Daily Telegraph that the Tory faction will consider
government Bills in Parliament, which
would lead to legislative paralysis and
put Mrs May’s future as leader in doubt.
The threat of rebellion grew when
David Davis, the Brexit Secretary,
wrote to the Prime Minister, arguing
“strongly” against the deal.
Mrs May is expected to choose between a partnership and an alternative
“highly streamlined” customs arrangement when the Cabinet’s Brexit negotiating sub-committee meets today.
Mrs May and Philip Hammond, the
Chancellor, are expected to make the
case for a customs partnership, but the
ERG, which has remained loyal despite
a string of Brexit concessions, has made
it clear that to pursue that end would
cross a red line.
One senior minister said the decision would be “a critical moment in our
nation’s history”. There are reports that
Mr Davis will consider resigning over
the issue.
Any revolt would be the biggest of
Mrs May’s premiership as the ERG
memo has made clear the strength of
opposition to her plan.
One ERG source said: “We have
swallowed everything so far – but this
is it. If they don’t have confidence in
Brexit, we don’t have confidence in
them. The Prime Minister will not have
a majority if she does not kill off the
NCP [New Customs Partnership].”
Mr Rees-Mogg added: “The customs
partnership is incompatible with the
Conservative Party manifesto.”
A copy of the report, obtained by
The Telegraph, dismantles the argument for such a partnership, which
Brexiteers fear will keep Britain effectively in a customs union with the EU
after it leaves in March next year. The
ERG insists the Government must stick
with an alternative arrangement that
would use technological solutions and
“trusted trader” status schemes to
solve the problem of the Irish border.
Liam Fox warned he could quit as International Trade Secretary if Mrs May
tried to keep Britain tied to the customs
union after Brexit.
The ERG has spoken out after supporting Mrs May over previous concessions – including the £38 billion bill to
leave the EU, as well as surrendering
control over fisheries and allowing
freedom of movement during the transition period until the end of 2020.
A mass meeting of ERG members
Continued on Page 2
The Brexiteers’ report: Page 4
Editorial Comment: Page 19
Robin Gravestock, 75, celebrates May Day, the ancient spring festival, in traditional fashion, as the sun rises over Painswick Beacon,
Glos. Mr Gravestock and his fellow Morris dancers arrived in pitch darkness, before dancing for an hour from daybreak
Cash ruling angers overseas territories
By Steven Swinford
deputy political editor
BRITAIN has prompted a furious
backlash from its overseas territories after announcing they will be
forced to mount a transparency
crackdown in an attempt to stem
the flow of “dirty money”.
The Government said it would
not oppose a cross-party amendment requiring tax havens such as
the British Virgin Islands and the
Cayman Islands to introduce public ownership registers.
It was forced drop its opposition after up to 20 Tory rebels said
they would support the amendment, which was also backed by
Labour, the Scottish National
Party and the Liberal Democrats.
The amendment requires Britain to ensure that overseas terri-
tories establish publicly accessible
registers of the “beneficial ownership” of companies. MPs and campaigners say public registers will
make it easier to uncover moneylaundering, tax-dodging and corruption.
Ministers had opposed the
move amid concerns that the Government could not impose its will
on overseas territories.
Sir Alan Duncan, a Foreign Office minister, told the Commons:
“We do not want to legislate directly for them, nor do we want to
risk damaging our long-standing
which respect their autonomy.
“However, we’ve listened to
the strength of feeling in this
House on this issue and accept
that it is the majority view of this
House that the overseas territo-
ries should have public registers
ahead of it becoming the international standard, as set by the Financial Action Task Force.”
However, Orlando Smith, the
president of the British Virgin Islands, described the crackdown
as a “breach of trust”, adding that
he was “deeply disturbed”. He
stopped short, however, of directly calling for independence.
Overseas territories fear the
policy will damage their economies, already struggling after a
series of devastating hurricanes.
He said: “This is a deeply flawed
policy. It is not only a breach of
trust but calls into question our
very relationship with the UK and
the constitutional rights of the
people of the BVI. We will ensure
that this constitutional overreach
does not set a precedent and that
the rights of the people whom I
represent are respected.”
Andrew Mitchell, a former Tory
Cabinet minister who jointly tabled
the amendment, said: “The overseas territories share our freedom.
They travel under our flag, and
they should also share our values.”
Geoffrey Cox, a Tory MP, said
ministers had pledged to the Cayman Islands in 2009 not to interfere in their domestic legislation.
“By this measure today, we are
breaking that promise and it is beneath the dignity of this Parliament to do away with that promise
and pledge of good faith,” he said.
Rebecca Gowland, of Oxfam,
said: “This is great news for the
world’s poorest people. Ending
secrecy in UK-linked tax havens
will help developing countries recoup billions of lost revenue.”
Higher earners far more Ecstasy can cure PTSD
likely to hit the bottle
within weeks, study finds
Page 25
TV listings
May warned
Brexit deal
will sink her
Spring in his step
By Laura Donnelly
HealtH editor
HIGH earners such as doctors and
lawyers are significantly more
likely to drink alcohol than those
in manual jobs.
Around seven in 10 people who
work in managerial and professional jobs had consumed alcohol
in the previous week, according
to survey data from the Office of
National Statistics (ONS).
This compares with approximately half of routine and manual
workers, which include labourers,
bar staff, lorry drivers, receptionists and care workers.
The data shows that the highest
earners are most likely to drink. Of
those earning £40,000 and above,
78.9 per cent said they had drunk
in the previous week, compared
with 57 per cent of those aged 16
and over across the UK.
Young adults aged 16 to 24 were
the most abstemious – 23 per cent
of this age group were teetotal.
England has the highest proportion of drinkers in the UK: 57.8
per cent of adults said they had
drunk in the previous week
compared with 53.5 per cent in
Scotland and 50 per cent in Wales.
Dr James Nicholls, director of
research and policy development
at Alcohol Concern and Alcohol
Research UK, said: “A pattern
seems to be established in which
people who learnt to drink in the
Eighties, Nineties and 2000s are
carrying their heavier drinking
behaviours into middle age;
whereas millennials are moving
away from an alcohol-centred
By Henry Bodkin
TREATING soldiers suffering
disorder (PTSD) with the drug Ecstasy effectively cures the condition within weeks, according to a
new study.
administering MDMA improved
traditional psychotherapy.
Psychiatrists last night hailed
the results as evidence that using
the drug for therapeutic purposes
can be effective and safe.
Published in the Lancet Psychiatry, the study involved 22 military veterans, three firefighters
and a police officer, who had been
diagnosed with PTSD.
Participants were given doses
of the drug that ranged from
30mg to 125mg. After two treatment sessions, 86 per cent of participants in a 75mg group, 58 per
cent in the 125mg group and 29
per cent in the 30mg group no
longer met the diagnostic criteria
for PTSD.
Researchers believe exposure
to the class-A drug may improve
the effect of psychotherapy by engendering feelings of insight and
empathy. MDMA is the main
active constituent of Ecstasy; both
are illegal in the UK.
Lead researcher Dr Allison Feduccia, from the Multidisciplinary
Association for Psychedelic Studies in Santa Cruz, California, said:
“Our study suggests that MDMA
might help augment the psychotherapeutic experiences and may
have a role to play in the future
treatment of PTSD.”
Wednesday 2 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Senior Tories fear ‘disaster’ in London
By Steven Swinford
and Christopher Hope
THE Tories risk being locked out of
London for a generation, Cabinet ministers have privately warned amid concerns that tomorrow’s local elections
will be “hugely damaging” for Theresa
May’s leadership.
Senior Conservatives have admitted
that the Tories could be decimated in
the capital and lose traditional strongholds such as Wandsworth and Westminster.
There is mounting concern that the
backlash over Brexit could be compounded by fury over the treatment of
Windrush migrants threatened with
deportation. A Cabinet source said:
“Fundamentally these local elections
are an indicator of how the general public think the Government are doing.
This is a judgment on the Prime Minister, it has the potential to be hugely
“Even the most optimistic projections look like a disaster. We could be
locked out of London for a generation.”
Labour already dominates the capital, controlling 20 of London’s boroughs compared to the Conservatives’
eight. However polls have suggested
that the Tories will lose heavily with
even traditional strongholds Kensington, Chelsea and Hillingdon, the home
of Boris Johnson’s seat, at risk. Over the
last decade London has increasingly
shifted towards Labour, amid concerns
that the Tories are failing to appeal to
ethnic minority voters.
Brandon Lewis, the chairman of the
Conservative Party, warned that if Tory
supporters fail to get out and vote they
will end up with “Bolsheviks in charge
of your bins”.
He told The Daily Telegraph: “The
fact is Conservative councils deliver
better local services. And charge less
for them. Conservative councils around
the country make sure your bins are
collected regularly, your streets and
parks are kept clean and your roads are
repaired. And council tax under Conservative councils is on average around
£100 less than under Labour on a Band
D home. Jeremy Corbyn’s hard-Left
Momentum group are standing candidates across the country as they seize
control of the Labour Party. And be in
no doubt to what they will bring.
“They have called for 20 per cent
hikes in council tax, new local income
taxes and bin strikes that leave rubbish
piling in the street. So if you don’t want
to wake up on Friday with Bolsheviks in
charge of your bins, get out and vote
Conservative tomorrow.”
A recent poll suggested that the Tories trail Labour by 22 points in London, although the gap narrowed in the
wake of the anti-Semitism scandal and
questions over Jeremy Corbyn’s posi-
Death duty ‘too
easy to dodge
and should be
Flying visit
The Queen
arrives at
yesterday to
meet Prince
Louis for the
first time.
Her Majesty
was flown
into the
grounds by
before being
driven by
Range Rover
to the
where she
spent 90
with her
sixth greatgrandchild.
By Anna Mikhailova
Brexit delays HMRC’s
simpler tax return system
By Katie Morley and Sam Meadows
A DIGITAL revolution in the UK tax
system has been postponed as tax
collectors and customs officials are too
busy preparing for Brexit.
The taxman had been trying to end
the need for filing traditional returns
by 2020. Experts say this is now unachievable. A notice sent out yesterday
said the overhaul, which would have
led to five million taxpayers filing prefilled forms instead of filling out blank
ones, has been put on ice indefinitely.
So-called “simple assessments” were
being introduced to make the filing
process easier. Despite being paperbased, HMRC intended to use the
information it already had to calculate
the tax owed by citizens, rather than
require them to submit a tax return.
HMRC said: “We have made the decision to delay plans to release project
capability to EU Exit work. This means
halting progress on simple assessment
and real-time tax code changes. The
May to order experts to
plan UK satnav system
Theresa May will instruct engineering
and aerospace experts to come up
with plans for the UK’s own satellite
navigation system, as a row with the
European Union intensified.
The plans set out today by Downing
Street suggest that Britain could
develop and launch its own version
of the bloc’s Galileo project by the
It comes in response to the EU
indicating that it would not allow the
UK to participate fully in Galileo
It is thought the British version of
the system would cost approximately
the same each year as the UK’s current
contribution to the EU’s programme.
NHS pays £19m after girl
is left brain damaged
The NHS has made a near-record
£19 million payout to the parents of a
girl left brain damaged after jaundice
treatment went wrong.
The girl, now aged nine, was born at
King’s College Hospital, London, with
severe jaundice and her lawyers
claimed there was a negligent delay in
giving her a total blood transfusion.
NHS lawyers accepted that there
had been “shortcomings” in her care
and agreed to the cash settlement.
Approving the payout, Sir Robert
Francis said: “This is very near to the
top end of the scale for a brain injury.”
The girl was delivered with high levels
of bilirubin – which causes jaundice –
in her blood, the High Court heard.
Activist ‘tricked into sex’
by officer begins lawsuit
An environmental activist tricked into
a relationship with an undercover
police officer has launched a legal
action, seeking prosecution for a string
of alleged offences, including rape.
The woman, who wishes to remain
anonymous, had a six-month
relationship with Jim Boyling in 1997
when she was 27. She is now trying to
compel the Crown Prosecution Service
(CPS) to bring a case against him.
In 2014, the CPS decided not to
prosecute such officers, citing lack of
evidence. The woman, known only as
Monica, is the first to file a lawsuit
challenging this refusal.
Gibson guitar maker
files for bankruptcy
The firm that makes Gibson guitars is
filing for bankruptcy protection after
wrestling for years with debt.
A pre-negotiated reorganisation
plan filed yesterday will allow Gibson
Brands Inc to continue operations
with $135 million (£99 million) in
financing from lenders.
Gibson guitars have been esteemed
by generations of guitar legends. After
Chuck Berry died, his beloved
cherry-red Gibson guitar was bolted to
the inside of his coffin lid.
INHERITANCE tax should be scrapped
and replaced by a system that is fairer
and harder to avoid, an economic think
tank has said.
Death duty is a “failed” and “unfixable” tax that does not keep up with
modern society, according to the
Resolution Foundation.
Adam Corlett, senior economic analyst at the think tank, said that inheritance tax “manages the uniquely bad
twin feat of being both wildly unpopular and raising very little revenue”.
The taxman collected £5.2 billion
from inheritance tax in 2017-18, a 53 per
cent rise in four years, figures from HM
Revenue & Customs show.
Despite the increase, IHT still only
amounts to 77p of every £100 raised
nationally, and just four per cent of
estates are subject to it, the Resolution
Foundation said.
Mr Corlett said: “Rather than tweak
our failed inheritance tax system, it
should be scrapped altogether.”
The think tank has called for the tax
to be replaced with a “lifetime receipts
tax”, which would typically have lower
tax-free thresholds but also lower rates.
At the moment, a deceased’s estate is
taxed at 40 per cent if it is above
£325,000 in value. It rises to £850,000
for couples who are married or in civil
Homes passed on to children or
grandchildren have a higher tax-free
threshold of £450,000.
Under the proposed new system,
each descendant would get their own
tax-free allowance of up to £125,000.
The tax would be charged at 20 per
cent on the amount the individual
£500,000 and 30 per cent above that.
This means that an inheritance split
between four children would have a
tax-free threshold of up to £500,000 –
each child would have £125,000 taxfree and pay lower rates above that.
The lifetime receipts tax would also
apply to gifts above £3,000 a year.
tion on the Salisbury attack, Russia and
Baroness Sayeeda Warsi, a former
Conservative Party chairman, said recently: “Of course because of the Windrush tragedy we are going to find
people who find it difficult to vote for
us, but this is much broader,” she said.
“I genuinely feel that much of the progress made in the David Cameron detoxification process has been damaged”.
Sajid Javid, the new Home Secretary,
raised concerns that the Windrush
scandal has further damaged the Tories’ popularity.
He said: “I do accept that there may
be ethnic-minority voters [for whom]
that will cause them concern.”
MTD [Making Tax Digital] for Individuals programme has made significant
progress, so we’ve laid foundations
that will enable us to return to this.”
Topping the list of HMRC priorities
is building a new customs declaration
service which can cope with the
expected huge increase in customs
declarations after the UK leaves the EU
in March 2019.
Experts said that although taxpayers
would have to wait longer for the
simpler system, the delay would likely
mean fewer technical problems. So far
relatively small numbers of taxpayers
have moved over to the system but tax
experts have reported issues with inaccuracies with pre-populated data.
HMRC also admitted its digital
regime had so far resulted in a higher
volume of phonecalls from taxpayers
needing help.
A spokesman said: “It hasn’t all been
smooth sailing. We were overly ambitious about the number of customers
who would stop contacting us.”
Spurned worker jailed
after porn site posting
Bercow faces new
allegations of
bullying an aide
May’s customs deal would
leave Government ‘in mess’
By Jack Maidment
Continued from Page 1
has been called for next Tuesday – the
day the full Cabinet is expected to sign
off on the deal hammered out today by
the Brexit sub-committee.
Last night Iain Duncan-Smith, the
former Tory leader, said opting for the
partnership would leave the Government “bogged down in a complete and
total mess”. He said: “The customs partnership is a non-starter and that report
kills it stone dead. People have gone
along with an awful lot of stuff but we
are getting to the point when we really
have to make clear decisions about
what we want, not what the EU wants.
“Their use of the Northern Ireland
border has been a shameless process
by the EU and we should have called it
out a long time ago. Now is the opportunity to say [to the EU] ‘enough’s
enough’ – you either want to make an
arrangement or you don’t.”
The report was handed to Mrs May
last week by Tory MPs and sent to Sir
Jeremy Heywood, the Cabinet Secre-
JOHN BERCOW last night faced fresh
claims of “bullying” after a former member of his staff said the Speaker of the
House of Commons subjected him to angry outbursts and obscene language.
Angus Sinclair, a former private secretary to the Speaker, said Mr Bercow’s
alleged behaviour made him feel as if
the “dignity had been removed” from
his role. Mr Bercow faced calls in
March to resign after similar allegations were made against him. He has
denied all allegations of bullying.
Mr Sinclair told the BBC’s Newsnight
he had been subjected to mimicry, felt
undermined and had a mobile phone
smashed on the desk in front of him. He
said he was paid £86,250 in 2010 as
part of a deal that required him to sign
a non-disclosure agreement.
Mr Sinclair breached the terms of
the agreement in speaking to Newsnight. A spokesman for the Speaker
said he “strenuously denies” the claims.
tary, Gavin Barwell, Mrs May’s chief of
staff, and Julian Smith, the Chief Whip.
The document, titled “Memorandum – the New Customs Partnership”,
sets out a series of reasons why the
Government should not accept it as a
way to trade with the EU after Brexit.
The memorandum says a customs
partnership would prevent the UK
from having regulatory autonomy and
effectively eliminate the UK’s independent trade policy. It also warns that
the inevitable consequence of regulatory alignment is that Britain would
not be able to negotiate its own trade
deals with non-EU countries.
It makes clear how a customs partnership would mean firms would pay
higher EU tariffs just to avoid red tape.
It adds there are “risks we would reach
the next election having not really left
the EU, with no deals elsewhere, and
with the EU ... running negotiations
with third countries with whom we
currently have trade agreements
through the EU”.
A city worker who has been jailed
for 16 weeks for posting pictures of a
female intern at his workplace on a
pornographic website was seeking
“21st century revenge”, a judge has
Davide Buccheri, 25, of Bologna,
Italy, acted after being spurned by his
victim who turned down his romantic
He was ordered to pay £5,000 in
compensation to his victim for the
seven-month campaign. He was
convicted of harassment at
Westminster magistrates’ court.
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The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 May 2018
YouTube stars
being paid to
promote essay
cheat service
By Gareth Davies
By Steven Swinford
and Christopher Hope
HIGHLY addictive video games risk
having a “damaging” impact on
children’s lives, the Culture Secretary
has warned after parents raised
concerns about a hugely popular
multiplayer “survival shooter”.
Fortnite, a video game that pits 100
players against each other and is free to
play on mobile phones and consoles,
has proved hugely popular with
children and teenagers.
The game is thought to be particularly addictive because it can be played
on mobiles as well as games consoles
meaning children are able to play it
during school time.
It has been downloaded more than
40 million times since its launch in July
last year and has been endorsed by a
raft of celebrities. Dele Alli, the Tottenham and England footballer, celebrated
a goal in the FA Cup semi-final with a
signature dance from the game. Drake,
the US rapper, and a host of American
football stars have helped popularise
the game with teenagers, streaming
themselves playing online and attracting hundreds of thousands of viewers.
The popularity of the game has led to
concerns that it is dominating chil-
dren’s time. Matt Hancock, the Culture
Secretary, told The Daily Telegraph:
“Too much screen time could have a
damaging impact on our children’s
lives. Whether it’s social media or
video games, children should enjoy
them safely and as part of a lifestyle
that includes exercise and socialising
in the real world.
“We’re looking at what more can be
done in this area alongside game publishers, developers and other agencies
to promote safety and support parents.”
The most popular format is Battle
Royale, in which 100 players face off
against each other initially armed with
just a pickaxe, to see who is the last
player standing.
Since it was released last summer,
the game has been available on
consoles including Xbox One and
PlayStation 4, as well as PC and Mac. It
is now available on mobiles.
Anne Longfield, the Children’s Commissioner, suggested that the game is
“irresponsibly addictive” and urged
parents to limit screen time.
She said: “Parents have a responsibility to make sure that children know
they can turn off their devices, that
they don’t need to be online all the time
and that their screen time is healthy,
well-managed and productive. At the
Addictive games
warning over
children in the
thrall of Fortnite
Fortnite, the popular video game, above; Dele Alli, the Tottenham footballer, copies a dance from the game, top left
same time, games companies have a responsibility to ensure their products
are not sucking in children with addictive features that encourage them to
spend all day on their devices, spending more and more money.
“I know many parents are really
worried about the power some games
and apps have over their children’s
lives and the way they encourage them
to keep buying new features.”
The National Crime Agency warned
paedophiles could be hijacking the
game after one mother from Liverpool
claimed her 12-year-old son was offered
£50 to perform a sex act. Nigel
‘Many parents are really
worried about the power
some games and apps have
over their children’s lives’
Huddleston, a Tory MP and parliamentary private secretary to Mr Hancock,
said: “Game developers must take their
responsibilities seriously. They must
think carefully about who they are
targeting and what messages their
content sends.
“It appears that children under the
age of 12 are playing this game and it
concerns me that some parents claim
this game is highly addictive and their
children’s attitude changes when playing this game. There is a thin line between entertainment and addiction.
“I wouldn’t want my 12-year-old son
to play this game. I’m concerned that
some highly addictive games consume
huge amounts of young people’s lives,
when that time can be spent on more
valuable, real-world activities or on
more informative and certainly less aggressive screen time activities.”
Epic Games, the developer behind
Fortnite, last night declined to
ACADEMICS labelled “supersmart
nerds” are being paid on YouTube to
help students cheat by buying
pre-written essays, an investigation
has revealed.
Popular YouTube stars are making
money from publicising the service on
Ukraine-based channel EduBirdie,
which is responsible for more than
1,400 videos with a total of more than
700 million views. The videos contain
adverts promoting the controversial
practice, according to a BBC probe.
The service gives students from
around the globe the option of buying
essays as opposed to completing the
work themselves. While the act of
writing a piece of work is not illegal in
itself, the penalties for students can be
Sam Gyimah, Universities Minister
for England, told the BBC: “It’s clearly
wrong because it is enabling and
normalising cheating, potentially on an
industrial scale.”
Depending on the popularity of the
channels endorsing the service, the
people running them can make
hundreds of pounds for each advert,
according to the BBC. Among them
have been stars such as Adam Saleh
and British gamer JMX, who have four
million and two and a half million
subscribers respectively.
A 12-year-old girl who has 200,000
followers was also promoting the
service, but all three took their videos
which contained the adverts down after the BBC contacted them.
YouTube has said it would help creators understand they cannot promote
dishonest behaviour, but Mr Gyimah
said those involved should be “called
out” for abusing their power as social
influencers and said the video sharing
platform “has a huge responsibility”.
He told the BBC: “This is something
that is corrosive to education and I
think YouTube has got to step up to the
plate and exercise some responsibility
Around 30 of the channels were in
Britain and Ireland.
Shakira Martin, the President of the
National Union of Students, said: “I
think it’s totally disgusting the fact that
these type of organisations are exploiting vulnerable young people through
getting them to promote something
that isn’t good; isn’t ethical.”
In a statement EduBirdie said: “We
cannot be held responsible for what social influencers say on their channels.”
Wednesday 2 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph
‘Why May’s EU customs deal is undeliverable’
Sixty Brexiteers set out
why they believe the PM’s
proposal would be
disasterous for Britain
Customs union row
By Gordon Rayner
and Christopher Hope
A 30-PAGE memorandum sent to No 10
by Eurosceptic Conservative MPs sets
out in forensic detail why they believe a
customs partnership with the EU is
The 60-strong European Research
Group, led by Jacob Rees-Mogg, wants
Theresa May to rule out a customs partnership today when she meets her
Brexit “war Cabinet” to discuss what
customs arrangement with the EU
should be. The group insists the Government must stick with a “highly
streamlined” customs arrangement
which would use technological solutions and trusted trader status schemes
to solve the issue of the Irish border.
The document says a customs partnership would make an independent
trade policy a “practical impossibility”.
It says the main purpose of a CP is
customs-free circulation of UK and EU
goods, which “could not be achieved
without the EU demanding regulatory
alignment with the EU”. The ERG argues a CP “would end up substantially
the same as a full customs union” and
therefore Britain would not “take back
control” of its trade policy.
Customs partnership means
no regulatory autonomy
Threat to independent
trade policy
A Customs Partnership (CP) would
“eliminate” the UK’s independent trade
policy because it would require Britain
to be in regulatory alignment with the
EU, the document says.
Instead of being able to set its own
standards and regulations for imports
to the UK, Britain would have to ensure
all goods were EU-compliant to avoid
“leakage” of UK-only imports to the EU.
The inevitable consequence of regulatory alignment is that Britain would be
unable to negotiate its own trade deals
with non-EU countries, the memo says.
Wilbur Ross, the US commerce secretary, has said that unless the UK can
diverge from EU regulations, it will be
unable to sign a free-trade agreement
with the US. Other countries’ trade
ministers “regard a customs partner-
ship and customs union as analogous”,
meaning it would “make the execution
of an independent trade policy a practical impossibility”. It adds: “Meaningful
trade agreements would become impossible”
Mutual tariff reductions
with trade partners at risk
The fact that trading partners in thirdparty countries would have to pay EU
tariff rates up front would deter them
from agreeing mutual tariff reductions
with the UK.
Under any free trade agreement, UK
exporters would be able to send goods
to customers in the receiving country
tariff-free, but the partner country’s
exporters would have to pay an EU tariff and claim it back as a rebate. “This
substantially reduces the appeal of a
free-trade agreement with the UK,” the
memo says. The EU also has quotas for
some imports, so that the import is tariff-free until the quota is filled, making
the system even more complicated.
Red tape would negate
benefits of lower tariffs
Brexit is intended to deliver cheaper
goods by enabling Britain to negotiate
tariff-free deals with third party countries, but the ERG argues that a customs partnership would mean firms
would end up paying higher EU tariffs
just to avoid red tape.
The system would rely on companies paying a common external tariff
set by the EU, before claiming back a
rebate by proving that the goods had
gone to a UK end-user.
Often the destination would be unknown, for example in the case of meat
that might be imported into Britain and
then processed and exported to the EU,
making tariffs difficult to calculate.
Only the biggest companies would
have the capacity to cope with the administrative burden of the system, so
small and medium-sized companies
(SMEs) would pay the higher tariff to
save time, “removing at a stroke any
competitive gains for our SMEs”.
Britain would continue to be
a net contributor to the EU
If companies continued to pay the
higher tariffs to save time, the EU
would be the beneficiary, meaning that
Britain would continue to be a net contributor to the EU. Britain would end
up being the EU’s “tax collector”, the
ERG says, and would be in a “disproportionately disadvantaged position” because it trades a higher percentage of its
GDP than any other major EU member.
No sugar-coating
Jamie Oliver, left,
and Hugh FearnleyWhittingstall, on
College Green after
giving evidence on
child obesity to the
health and social
care committee.
The celebrity chefs
called for the
extension of sugar
taxes, along with
restrictions on the
marketing of
unhealthy foods,
and a ban on junk
food advertising on
TV before 9pm.
MPs ponder takeaways from TV chefs’ recipe for healthier lifestyles
By Michael Deacon
esterday Parliament was graced
by a visit from two TV chefs.
They’d come to warn the health
select committee about childhood
“This is a national security issue,”
said Jamie Oliver, sternly.
“Today is the first of May,” said
Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall. “It’s May
Day for the obesity crisis! And you can
read the word ‘May’ any way you like!”
The committee tittered politely.
Mr Oliver has appeared in front of
MPs before. For some years, in fact,
he badgered them to help parents by
introducing a tax on sugary drinks
(or, as Mr Oliver called it, “a tax for
love”). It finally came into force last
month. But he isn’t resting on his
laurels. Next, he declared yesterday,
MPs should tax unhealthy milkshakes,
ban adverts for junk food during The X
Factor – and give Tony the Tiger a new
job. Crafty advertisers, he explained,
used “aspirational superheroes” to lure
children into eating unhealthy breakfast cereals. So how about removing
Tony the Tiger from boxes of Frosties
… and instead, putting him on boxes of
Weetabix or Shreddies?
The MPs listened in respectful
silence. None of them pointed out that
Tony the Tiger is a trademark belonging to Kellogg’s, while Shreddies is
produced by Nestle, and Weetabix by
Weetabix Ltd. But perhaps they just
didn’t want to look defeatist. After
all, as Mr Oliver told them (more than
once): “If you can dream it, you can
make it happen.”
Diana Johnson (Lab, Kingston upon
Hull North) was worried that some
shoppers found it hard to resist special
offers on junk food. Recently in a
bakery she’d seen a woman buying
four sausage rolls for £1.
Mr Fearnley-Whittingstall looked
appalled. Surely the bakery could
make a more responsible offer than
that. “What’s wrong with three sausage rolls and an apple?” he demanded. “Or three sausage rolls and a small
bag of carrot sticks?” Again, none of
the MPs demurred.
Perhaps they simply thought it was a
good suggestion. Or perhaps they were
silently picturing the wan little bag of
warm lettuce you always find nestling unsolicited at the bottom of your
Chinese takeaway order. Had anyone,
in the history of human civilisation,
ever eaten that wan little bag of warm
lettuce? Perhaps a job for an enterprising young Commons researcher.
Johnny Mercer (Con, Plymouth
Moor View) asked a brave question.
“How are you going to reply,” he
ventured, “to people who say, ‘This is
the nanny state. If I want to eat fatty
food, I’ll eat fatty food! That’s why I’m
Mr Oliver was unperturbed. “I
believe,” he said graciously, “in the
British people.” They would eat more
sensibly if they were offered healthier
choices, and “good, clear information”.
It’s easy to scoff, but Mr Oliver has
a habit of getting his way on these
things. Just you wait.
This time next year, the Coco Pops
monkey will be singing, “I’d rather
have a bowl of raw quinoa!”
Farmers set to be losers in post-Brexit deals with US
ture for services” trade-off. Services
make up 80 per cent of Britain’s GDP
and 44 per cent of its exports.
Government to publish a trade policy
strategy before beginning negotiations
with the US. The policy should
“articulate its vision for how the UK
will operate as an independent trading
nation” and set out Britain’s objectives
while addressing how different sectors
might be affected,” it said.
“The economic benefits of a US deal
are presently unproven,” Mr MacNeil
added. “Even in ideal circumstances,
trade-offs will have to be made to get a
comprehensive US deal. Without a
By Anna Mikhailova
FARMERS stand to be the biggest
losers in a post-Brexit trade deal with
America. In a rush to secure a deal with
the US, agriculture may be traded for
good deals for the services sector, MPs
on the International Trade committee
said in a report to the Commons.
Angus MacNeil, who chaired the
committee, warned the Government
not to make a “catastrophic error” by
rushing into negotiations with the US
without a full “trade strategy” in place.
Deals with the US could mean compromises possibly including a “agricul-
80 pc
The contribution to
Britain’s gross
domestic product
made by the
services sector,
which also accounts
for 44 per cent of
UK exports
trade strategy, we have no idea what
these may be. Will the Government, in
their rush to secure the future of the
UK services sector, sacrifice UK agriculture or manufacturing? What will
the Government do to help industries if
they are negatively affected?”
MPs also warned of the effect a trade
deal with the US could have on the NHS.
American companies are “particularly keen to gain access to the public
health systems of Europe”, according to
evidence presented to the committee.
“Universal access to healthcare is an
accepted fact of life in the UK and must
not be compromised by a UK-US
agreement,” the committee said.
Tory MP accuses
Legatum founder
of Russia links
96-year-old hopes
to become UK’s
oldest councillor
By Harry Yorke
By Francesca Marshall
A CONSERVATIVE MP has used Parliamentary privilege to accuse the
founder of a pro-Brexit think tank of
being a suspected Russian informant
under surveillance by the French intelligence services.
Bob Seely claimed that Christopher
Chandler, the billionaire backer of the
Legatum Institute, had been mentioned
as an “object of interest” in security files
stored in Monaco. The files have allegedly been compiled by French police
and intelligence agencies.
Mr Chandler, a Maltese businessman,
has invested heavily in the think tank
and is close to several senior Conservative MPs. The Legatum Institute dismissed the allegations as “complete
nonsense”, adding that Mr Chandler had
“never been approached at any time by
the French or any other authorities regarding Russia and maintains a sterling
record of ethical business practices
earned over many decades”. It said that
it was unclear if the accusation was “officially sanctioned” or “concocted” by a
“thoroughly discredited source”.
If elected, Florence Kirkby will focus on health and education
A FORMER headmistress could become the UK’s oldest councillor tomorrow if she wins a seat – at the age of 96.
Conservative candidate Florence
Kirkby is hoping to be elected in the
newly created Manor Park ward in
Newcastle upon Tyne.
Born in 1921, when David Lloyd
George was Prime Minister, Ms Kirkby
says her outlook on the world was
influenced by the outbreak of the
Second World War when she was 18.
She said: “It wasn’t until after I
retired that I became involved in
politics, but those memories have
influenced my beliefs.”
Ms Kirkby was headmistress at a
number of schools and served on the
ruling body of Newcastle University. If
elected, her main areas of interest are
health and education.
She said: “Being involved in politics
at my age I feel has absolutely kept me
young and kept my mind stimulated.”
The UK’s oldest councillor is thought
to have been Bernard “Claude” Miller
MBE, a former Lord Mayor of Plymouth, who retired aged 95 in 2010.
The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 May 2018
Leith tells of
brother’s agony
as she backs
assisted dying
PRUE LEITH has spoken of how her
brother died in agony because doctors
were afraid of hastening his death.
The restaurateur and presenter told
how her brother David “suffered
months of agony and a horrific death
from bone cancer” as she backed a man
suffering from motor neurone disease
who has brought an assisted dying case
to the Court of Appeal.
She said: “David’s doctors would not
give him enough morphine ‘for fear
he’d become addicted’. The real reason,
of course, was the fear of being prosecuted for unlawful killing if the extra
morphine should hasten his death.
“We should not put patients or doctors in this untenable position.”
Her brother, who had worked for the
RAF and for Leith’s company Good
Food, died in 2012 at the age of 74.
Having moved to South Africa, he
became ill during a visit to England to
see his son and daughter. He initially
told relatives that he had wrenched his
back moving a fridge, but was persuaded to see a doctor and was diagnosed with bone cancer.
He became too ill to travel and was
eventually forced to refuse antibiotics
and allow the pneumonia brought on
by his condition to kill him.
Leith, a judge on The Great British
Bake Off, was speaking as Noel Con-
way, a 68-year-old retired university
lecturer, began a three-day case at the
Court of Appeal.
Outlining his case to three senior
judges yesterday, Mr Conway’s lawyers
said the law as it stands interferes with
his rights and that the court must decide whether that interference is “justified and proportionate”.
Nathalie Lieven QC said: “The question for this court is not a very generalised one of the morality or ethics of
Noel Conway outside
Telford Crown Court,
from where he is
watching the Court
of Appeal hearing via
video link
allowing doctors to assist patients to
“The question for this court is rather
a focused one of whether for this very
specific cohort – terminally ill people
with less than six months to live – the
ban is justifiable because of an impact
on the weak and vulnerable.”
Mr Conway previously asked the
High Court for a declaration that the
Suicide Act 1961, which outlaws
assisted suicide, is incompatible with
Article 8 of the European Convention
on Human Rights, which relates to respect for private and family life, and
By Olivia Rudgard
Prue Leith, the
Great British Bake
Off judge, says
patients and
doctors are being
put in an ‘untenable
position’. Right, Ms
Leith as a child with
her brother David
Article 14, which protects from
discrimination. His case was rejected
in October last year, and he is appealing to the higher court to overturn
that ruling. Mr Conway is too unwell to
travel to London for the hearing, but is
watching proceedings over a video link
from Telford Crown Court.
Sir Patrick Stewart, the actor, also
voiced his support for Mr Conway’s
case, citing the experiences of a “dear
friend” who died from cancer.
Mr Conway’s case is supported by
Dignity in Dying, whose chief executive, Sarah Wootton, said: “Terminally
Bulger’s mother backs killer’s anonymity
By Martin Evans
THE mother of murdered toddler
James Bulger has opposed a move to
strip one of his killers of his cloak of
anonymity, warning that the move
could lead to vigilante attacks.
Ralph Bulger, James’s father, and
Jimmy Bulger, his uncle, have launched
a High Court challenge aimed at overturning Jon Venables’ right to live
under a false identity. Venables, 35, and
Robert Thompson were given new
identities after they were released from
custody in 2001 following the brutal
murder of James on Merseyside more
than 25 years ago.
Denise Fergus said while she understood why her ex-husband had brought
the court case, she feared if successful,
it might lead to innocent people being
hurt. Preliminary details of the legal
application by Mr Bulger and his
brother were set out in the High Court
yesterday, six months after Venables
was jailed for three years and four
months after police found more than
1,000 indecent images on his computer. Lawyers for Mr Bulger will argue that the original injunction was put
in place on the basis that Venables and
Thompson were rehabilitated and
would not offend again.
The hearing was adjourned until
next month.
ill people like Noel
should be shown compassion and respect but
instead our outdated
laws force dying people
measures in order to salvage some control
over the end of
their lives.”
Voices, a disability
campaign group
which opposes the case, created a
“giant graveyard” outside the
Royal Courts of Justice to highlight the “danger” of changing
the law.
Nikki Kenward, a campaigner who has GuillainBarré
“Should Mr Conway win his
case it will change my life forever. As a disabled person
I am only too aware that
some people see me as
having ‘no quality of
Archbishop at odds with Pope over Alfie
By Olivia Rudgard
BRITAIN’S most senior Catholic cleric is
at odds with the Pope over the treatment
of Alfie Evans, who died last week.
The Pope previously expressed support for the parents’ desire to take their
child abroad for treatment, but Cardinal Vincent Nichols, the Archbishop of
Westminster, backed the doctors.
He said: “Wisdom enables us to
make decisions based on full information, and many people have taken a
stand on Alfie’s case in recent weeks
who didn’t have such information and
didn’t serve the good of this child.”
He told the Polish church’s Catholic
information agency KAI: “Alder Hey
hospital cared for Alfie not for two
weeks or two months, but for 18
months, consulting with the world’s
top specialists – so its doctors’ position,
that no further medical help could be
given, was very important,” he said.
“The Church says very clearly we do
not have a moral obligation to continue
a severe therapy when it’s having no effect, while the Church’s catechism also
teaches that palliative care, which isn’t
a denial of help, can be an act of mercy.
“It’s very hard to act in a child’s best
interest when this isn’t always as the
parents would wish – and this is why a
court must decide what’s best, not for
the parents, but for the child.”
Wednesday 2 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Home Office uses minor tax errors to expel migrants
Exclusive: Officials used
small mistakes to bar skilled
workers and label them
‘national security risks’
By Kate McCann and Cara McGoogan
THE Home Office is using a clause designed to deport national security risks
to expel highly skilled migrants for minor tax mistakes, it emerged last night.
Campaigners believe thousands of
people could be affected after officials
refused their right to remain in the UK
because of missed tax deadlines or minor errors. The disclosure comes in the
wake of the Windrush scandal, which
cost Amber Rudd her job as Home Secretary over her “hostile environment”
policy towards immigrants.
Evidence seen by The Daily Telegraph shows caseworkers discussing if
minor infringements could be used
against applicants, prompting fears
that the policy has been targeting people who are “easier to remove”. Around
600 highly skilled doctors, engineers,
IT professionals and others who have
jobs and families and have lived in the
UK for years are known to be affected,
but the number could be higher.
Almost 1,000 applications for indefinite leave to remain, mainly from skilled
migrants, have been refused in similar
circumstances in just a year, according
to a Freedom of Information request.
The issue involves clause 322(5), which
allows the Government to refuse migrants on national security grounds if
they believe applicants have attempted
to deceive. Officials are using the
clause, meant to remove terrorism suspects and criminals, to demand highly
skilled migrants leave because of minor tax mistakes – errors which in some
cases had been corrected.
Paperwork seen by this paper reveals
a conversation in which a caseworker
asks whether an applicant’s decision to
correct a mistake on a previous tax return could be used against them.
They said: “[This] concerns a tax return for 10/11 which he admits to amending. Could we also say this casts doubt
on others?” The exchange ends with the
caseworker telling a colleague: “We
could argue previous error casts doubt
on current [tax returns]”. Some of those
affected have left the UK. Others are going through the courts to plead to remain after paying thousands of pounds
in taxes. They fear they will be unable
to return or enter other countries if
they are deported because of a refusal
on national security grounds.
Mustafa Ali Baig, a compliance officer
who has lived and worked in Scotland
for 12 years, is being threatened with deportation over a tax mistake he made in
2010, which he corrected. He said: “This
was a minor error, the same type of
thing Jeremy Corbyn has done, but he’s
national leader and I’m a threat to national security.” Labour will use parlia-
mentary procedure to attempt to force
ministers to hand over correspondence
regarding the Windrush scandal today.
Sajid Javid, the new Home Secretary,
has signalled a break from the regime
under Ms Rudd and Theresa May, distancing himself from the use of the
phrase “hostile environment”.
The disclosure raises more questions
over whether the Prime Minister’s pursuit of a plan to cut net migration may
have prompted officials to scrutinise
applications like those of Windrush and
highly skilled migrant groups.
Alison Thewliss, the MP who raised
Mr Baig’s case with the Prime Minister,
said: “The Home Office saw fit to classify Mr Baig as a threat to national security. This is absurd and a truly wicked
way to treat someone who has lived
here for so long, obeyed the law, and
contributed a great deal. It is abundantly clear to me that individuals are
being unfairly targeted using paragraph 322(5) of the immigration rules.”
Victims of the Windrush injustice received an apology from an immigration
minister yesterday. Caroline Nokes
said the treatment of people with West
Indian heritage was an “appalling scandal”, adding: “I wish to put absolutely
and formally on record how sorry I am
that this has happened on my watch.”
u A report yesterday claimed 7,000
foreign students may have been deported amid claims they cheated on
tests, when in fact software used to detect such behaviour had failed.
Game, set and
match for
plastic straws
at Wimbledon
No women’s
lavatory raises
stink at trans
By Daily Telegraph Reporter
By Olivia Rudgard
WIMBLEDON has joined the war
against plastic after it said it will scrap
straws at this year’s championships.
Last year more than 400,000 plastic
straws were used during the tournament. However this year, as part of its
sustainability approach, the All England Lawn Tennis Club said it will not
be using them during the Grand Slam
THE National Union of Students has
become embroiled in a row after it
abolished the women’s lavatories at a
trans conference.
The NUS’s Trans Steering Group’s
Twitter account provoked anger when
it announced that the women’s lavatories at the conference in Manchester
had been turned into gender neutral
facilities, while a men’s lavatory was
left unchanged.
The annual event was held at a Holiday Inn and according to the group, the
facilities included “a disabled toilet
with a gender neutral sign, gender
neutral toilets (formerly women’s toilets), another disabled toilet and men’s”.
Critics said the change discriminated against women. Jane Slavin, an
actress who has appeared in Coronation Street and Casualty, said there
were “few enough women’s toilets as it
is. Even if you disregard the safe space
we need more loos because of biology.”
Producer and writer Tracy King said:
“You made the women’s toilets gender
neutral but not the men’s? I doubt
that’s legal given your obligation to not
give men something you don’t also provide for women.”
The Trans Steering Group said: “We
weren’t able to make all the toilets gender neutral due to some stipulations by
the venue. We didn’t get to choose
which toilets it happened to.
Delegates debated topics including
“transmisogyny and the gender recognition act”.
A spokesman for the NUS said the
Twitter account was not an official
channel so it was unable to comment.
Creature feature Ian Gartside, a stonemason at Canterbury Cathedral in Kent, prepares a gargoyle he designed and carved
as the process begins to install eight new stone creatures – the first to be added to the building in more than 100 years.
Start before the age of 10 to
become fluent in a language
By Henry Bodkin
CHILDREN must start learning a second language before the age of 10 if
they ever hope to become fluent, the
largest study of its kind has found.
Scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Boston College
studied data from nearly 700,000 language learners and established there is
a “critical period” up to the age of 18
where the brain is most receptive.
While this period is far longer than
researchers previously thought, the
data also suggest that there is a relatively young cut-off point before which
children must start learning to achieve
native fluency. The researchers said
that while it is typical for children to
pick up languages more easily than
adults – a phenomenon often seen in
families that migrate to a new country
– the trend has been difficult to study in
a laboratory setting.
Prof Joshua Hartshorne, from Boston College, who led the study, said:
“We don’t see very much difference
‘This is a rare opportunity
to take a new perspective
and see something that
other people haven’t’
between people who start at birth and
people who start at 10, but we start seeing a decline after that.”
Following people as they learn a language over many years has previously
been challenging for scientists.
In the study, they used a social media
questionnaire to obtain snapshots of
thousands of people who were at different stages of learning English. By measuring the grammatical ability of people
of different ages, who started learning
English at various stages in their life,
they were able to gather enough data to
achieve robust conclusions
“This is one of those rare opportunities in science where we could work on a
question that is very old, that many smart
people have thought about and written
about, and take a new perspective and
see something that maybe other people
haven’t,” said Prof Josh Tenenbaum, an
MIT professor of brain and cognitive sciences.
Steven Pinker, a professor of psychology at Harvard University, is also
an author of the paper, which is published in the journal Cognition.
Steady wins
the race Paignton
Zoo has become
the first in Britain
to breed one of the
world’s smallest
and rarest tortoises.
The spider tortoise,
known as Pyxis
arachnoides due to
the web-like
patterns on its
shell, is found
around the southwestern coast of
Madagascar. It will
grow to six inches
event. In February, it was estimated
that the UK uses 8.5 billion straws a
year, according to the Marine
Conservation Society, and plastic
straws are one of the top 10 items found
in beach clean-ups.
Firms such as JD Wetherspoon,
Wagamama, Costa Coffee, Pizza
Express and Waitrose have all started
phasing out plastic straws or offering
them on request only. Also announced
at a press conference yesterday was the
provision of a paper bag option at the
Wimbledon shops.
In February, the Queen took action
on plastic, banning straws and bottles
from the royal estates.
It is thought that she became personally interested in the problem of
plastic after working with Sir David
Attenborough on a conservation
documentary dealing with wildlife in
the Commonwealth.
The number of plastic straws
used during last year’s
Wimbledon tennis tournament
Boarding pupils don’t waste time in front of screens, says head
By Camilla Turner education editor
BOARDING school children dominate
the world of work because they do not
spend hours in their bedrooms
“hunched” in front of screens, a leading headmaster has said.
Martin Reader, headmaster of the
£37,000-a-year Cranleigh School in
Surrey, is chairman of the Boarding
School Association. At its annual conference in Brighton yesterday, he said:
“When people question why our
schools dominate the nations’ sports,
creative and performing arts, the professions and politics, it is because they
have had time to do those things and
time with experts to coach them.
“Why sit in a car or on a train or a bus
for 45 minutes twice a day, or in a bedroom by yourself hunched over homework or a screen? You could be
spending those hours rehearsing for a
play, having a band practice, spending
more time mastering your musical instrument … debating or discussing
politics or science or history – whatever is your passion.”
Mr Reader made the comments after
Justine Greening, the former education secretary, said companies should
hire job applicants from struggling
state schools rather than Eton, whose
grades are “not as impressive”.
Sherelle Jacobs: Page 18
The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 May 2018
Wednesday 2 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph
The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 May 2018
Don’t be a
chindhi, share
your outlandish
English slang
Frame up
Sir Anthony van
Dyck’s Charles I
and Henrietta
Maria with their
two eldest children,
Prince Charles and
Princess Mary,
being installed
in the Queen’s
Ballroom in the
State Apartments
at Windsor Castle.
The painting,
which was known
as “The Greate
Peece” at the time,
was Van Dyck’s first
commission after
his appointment as
court painter to
Charles I in 1632.
It is returning to
Windsor Castle
for the first time
in 65 years.
By Olivia Rudgard
ENGLISH has been spoken across
the world for hundreds of years – and
now the Oxford English Dictionary
(OED) has launched a campaign to
make sure its contents reflect the
language’s global nature.
Eleanor Maier, associate editor of the
OED, said it had “always been a global
dictionary” but its expertise was slanted
towards Britain and America because it
was based in the two countries.
“As a dictionary we need to cover the
types of English that people are speaking,” she said.
“We need to reflect the English that’s
spoken and written – it’s spoken in
South Africa, the Philippines, India,
Singapore, Hong Kong – so we need to
reflect those varieties.”
She added that the suggested words
tended to be “colloquial” and the kind
of language that would be met with
“blank stares” outside the areas where
it is common. “These are words that
people are likely to use in speech a lot
but which might not make their way
into more formal English,” she said.
Participants are encouraged to use
the hashtag #wordswhereyouare to
add suggestions to the list.
– Hawaiian,
meaning askew
Smoko –
Australian, a
tea break
– Mumbai, India,
a miser
Dingle day –
British Antarctic
Survey Station,
very pleasant day
– North Carolina,
a rainstorm
Shift – Irish, to
Word play English abroad
Most common blood type trebles death risk
Classification O shared by
half of Britons does not
clot as well as types A, B
or AB, say scientists
By Daily Telegraph Reporter
HAVING blood type O almost trebles
the risk of dying from serious injury
because it does not clot as well,
scientists in Japan have discovered.
Data there showed a death rate of 28
per cent for those with type O blood.
The death rate of patients from other
blood groups combined was 11 per
cent. Dr Wataru Takayama, the lead
researcher in the study conducted at
Tokyo Medical and Dental University
Hospital, said: “Recent studies suggest
that blood type O could be a potential
risk factor for haemorrhage.
“Loss of blood is the leading cause of
death in patients with severe trauma
but studies on the association between
different blood types and the risk of
trauma death have been scarce.
“We wanted to test the hypothesis
that trauma survival is affected by
differences in blood types.”
Nearly half the UK’s population is
47 pc
Proportion of the population in Britain
with the most common blood type O;
42 pc are type A, 8 pc B and 3 pc AB
type O, making it the most common
blood group. Blood type is determined
by proteins on the surfaces of red blood
The other main blood group categories are A, B and AB – 42 per cent of the
population are type A, 8 per cent type B
Death of the sickie sees workers
head to the office when they’re ill
By Daily Telegraph Reporter
YOUR colleagues might admire you for
your stoicism, and you may even hope
to impress the boss, but when it comes
to spreading coughs and colds, you
should really stay at home.
That is the advice from a think tank
that yesterday warned of a worrying
rise in the number of people heading
to work when they ought to be keeping
their distance.
According to a new report, the death
of pulling a sickie appears to have arrived as the number of companies reporting a rise in workers heading into
work while ill has tripled since 2010.
The survey of hundreds of British
employers suggested days of lying on
the couch with daytime television for
company has been replaced by a strong
work ethic.
The Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development, which produced
the report, warned that while they
may seem laudable, the efforts of the
work-conscious might well be damag-
ing the economy. An explanation offered suggests that despite being
present in the workplace, ailing employees might not be able to match
their productivity to their commitment to impress.
Rachel Suff, the study’s author, told
The Times: “If people are coming into
‘If people are coming into
work when really unwell,
it means that they are
not performing’’
work when really unwell, it means that
they are not performing and not adding value to their job, while their own
condition could worsen or they could
pass it to other workers.”
The survey of 1,021 employers, who
represent nearly five million workers,
found nearly nine in 10 companies said
people were turning up for work while
they were still ill (86 per cent).
The figure was just 26 per cent in
2010, and has risen from 72 per cent in
the past two years. It is not the only
study to shed light on the trend. The
Office for National Statistics said that
in 2016, the number of people taking
sickies was the lowest in over two decades since records began.
Those figures found that the most
common sickness causing people to
miss work was minor coughs and
colds, followed by musculoskeletal
problems such as back or limb pain.
Mental health issues were the next
most common reason, which saw the
TUC say that it was a “myth” UK workers are “always throwing sickies”.
For those looking for a good excuse
to stay at home, a recent Telegraph poll
of our readers found the best excuse
for pulling a sickie was saying that you
had the flu (37 per cent).
However, just 5 per cent believe
having a cold is good enough a reason
for a day at home. Two in five readers
said that if they had a mental health issue, they would lie to their boss about
their need to miss work.
Clifftop residents
ignore warnings
to evacuate
By Francesca Marshall
Newly minted The Royal Mint has released a £5 coin to
celebrate the wedding later this month of Prince Harry to
Meghan Markle. Editorial Comment: Page 19
RESIDENTS living at the top of a cliff
have refused to evacuate and go to a
rescue centre, despite being warned
their homes could collapse into the sea.
Great Yarmouth council has advised
residents living in 30 chalets west of
The Marrams in Hemsby, Norfolk, to
evacuate after the dunes eroded by 16 ft
(5m) in 24 hours.
Residents were told they could move
to a rescue centre until the high tide
had passed. “This is a purely precautionary measure, taken in light of the
risk posed through further loss of cliff
material,” a council spokesman said.
The council said “residents chose
not to relocate to the centre”.
Police officers and lifeboat crew
visited the properties on behalf of the
council to advise residents to move
their vehicles away.
In March some residents living in
houses east of The Marrams fled after
part of the cliff gave way during the
so-called “Mini Beast from the East”.
A garden shed and an oil tank
reportedly tumbled into the sea after
days of high winds and waves eroded
the sandstone.
and 3 per cent type AB. Type O blood
can generally be donated to anyone,
with no ill-effects, whereas someone
with type A blood can only donate to
someone who is type A or type AB;
someone with type B blood can only
donate to someone who is type B or
type AB; and someone with type AB
blood can only donate to someone else
who is type AB.
However, people with type O have
lower levels of Von Willebrand factor, a
blood clotting agent that helps prevent
life-threatening bleeding.
The researchers suggested that a
lower level of the factor could be a
possible explanation for the higher
death rate in trauma patients with
blood type O. Dr Takayama said the results raised questions about the emergency transfusion of type O red blood
cells to severe trauma patients – victims of injuries with the potential to
cause long-term disability or death.
He said: “Our results also raise
questions about how emergency
transfusion of O type red blood cells to
a severe trauma patient could affect
homeostasis, the process which causes
bleeding to stop, and if this is different
from other blood types.
“Further research is necessary to in-
vestigate the results of our study and
develop the best treatment strategy for
severe trauma patients.”
All the study’s 900 participants had
suffered severe trauma and been admitted to critical care medical centres
in Japan between 2013 and 2016.
The researchers warned that all the
patients whose data was analysed in
this study were Japanese, so there was
a need for further research to see if the
findings applied to other ethnic groups.
The research was reported in
Critical Care, the official journal of the
World Federation of Societies of
Intensive and Critical Care Medicine.
Wednesday 2 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Cost of claims against newspapers to be capped
Those with a grievance
can seek arbitration and
avoid going to court
through Ipso’s new scheme
By Robert Mendick CHIEF REPORTER
A COMPULSORY, low-cost arbitration
scheme that avoids expensive court
cases for people bringing claims
against newspapers is being set up by
the industry’s biggest regulator.
End of the line
for train firm’s
painful ‘ironing
board’ seats
By Helena Horton
A TRAIN company has scrapped “ironing board” seats in a victory for commuters. Greater Anglia said it had
consulted specialists after seeing the
anger about uncomfortable seats on
new trains, and promised padded seats.
The £1.4 billion investment in 169
new trains will see them all fitted with
free wi-fi, at-seat plugs and USB points,
along with air conditioning.
Jason Brandon, the brand manager
for Greater Anglia, said: “We’re very
aware of the problems that there have
been in other parts of the country with
seats on new trains and this is why we
really listened to customers’ feedback
and really wanted to avoid any misshaped seats or too hard a seat.
“We’ve heard the feedback from customers, we’ve listened, and we care
about them being as comfortable as
possible so we’ve selected a seat which
is far more comfortable for customers.”
Passengers had previously complained that seats on the trains were
One tweeted to the company:
“Thank you for new trains but the ironing board seats are horrendous and experience therefore far worse. Dread
seeing a new carriage come in now.”
Another posted: “I’m not one to
whinge (unless the train is cancelled or
late) but usually people try out new
chairs before investing in them … I appreciate the carriage upgrades but I’m
unable to walk after an hour sat on
these terrible new seats!”
Thameslink and Great Northern
have also received complaints about
uncomfortable seats.
The scheme announced yesterday
by the Independent Press Standards
Organisation (Ipso), is a compulsory
version of a voluntary system already
in place.
The scheme allows someone with a
genuine claim against a newspaper
who could have gone to court to instead seek arbitration.
Newspapers that choose to sign up
to the new system cannot then refuse
the request. In other words the scheme
is not compulsory to join – but once
signed up to, arbitration cannot be
avoided. The Telegraph Media Group,
which includes the Daily Telegraph
and Sunday Telegraph and telegraph., has agreed to join the compulsory scheme, which will go live by July
31. National newspapers which are
members of Ipso have until Friday to
decide whether to join up.
The voluntary scheme had allowed
newspapers to opt out of arbitration on
any given case. The arbitration system
administered by Ipso will cost a claimant a maximum £100 in costs. The
compulsory scheme – unlike the vol-
untary one – will offer a higher level of
damages, of up to £60,000.
Once a claim is accepted by Ipso, a
senior barrister is appointed as the arbitrator, and will make a preliminary
ruling on “core issues in the dispute”.
Claims could be brought to settle
such disputes as defamation actions
and invasion of privacy. Currently, disputes that reach court typically take a
long time to get there and are hugely
Lord Justice Leveson, who conducted an inquiry into the conduct of
the British press in the wake of the
News of the World phone-hacking scandal, recommended that claims against
newspapers should be resolved quickly
and cheaply through arbitration.
The decision of the arbitrator is legally binding and claimants would not
then be able to go to court if the ruling
was not to their liking – unless they
could demonstrate the arbitrator had
abused the process or exceeded their
Matt Tee, Ipso’s chief executive, said
the compulsory scheme was being in-
Small wonder
A 50-year-old
Mini with all of its
original parts and
just 36,000 miles
on the clock is
expected to fetch
at least £10,000 at
auction in Buxton,
Derbys in July. The
1967 850 Deluxe,
above, has been
stored, unused, in
a barn since 1983.
It has never
undergone any
welding or required
any new parts and
has a vivid red
interior, left, as
good as new.
It has had only
one – very careful
– owner and comes
with its original bill
of sale, two keys
and a handbook.
troduced in response to Lord Justice
Leveson’s call for greater access to justice for ordinary claimants. “Lord Justice Leveson stressed the importance
of having a low-cost means of people
that had been wronged by a newspaper
getting compensation, without the expense of court and legal fees,” he said.
“The new Ipso scheme does exactly
that and the papers are not able to
choose which cases they take.”
He added: “Once Ipso has accepted
an arbitration claim, a senior barrister
is appointed as the arbitrator.
Brighton trio
who voted to
ban Uber have
never tried it
By Helena Horton
UBER has had its licence removed in
Brighton as three councillors who
voted not to renew it revealed they had
never used the app.
The car-hailing service said that it
was “a disappointing decision”, and
added that it intended to appeal “so we
can continue serving the city” after
having its private hire operator licence
turned down.
The council said the taxi app was not
“fit and proper” to hold a licence, citing
concerns over a data breach and the
use of drivers from outside the area.
None of the three councillors on the
licensing panel – Jackie O’Quinn of Labour, Lynda Hyde, a Tory, and Lizzie
Deane of the Green Party – said they
had ever used the app or been in an
Uber vehicle.
Brighton council said the recent decision not to renew Uber’s licence was
“Our priority is the safety of residents and visitors and, due to the data
breach and the lack of commitment to
using drivers licensed here, we were
not satisfied that UBL [Uber Britannia
Limited] are a fit and proper person to
hold an operator’s licence,” said Ms
O’Quinn, chairman of the licensing
An Uber spokesman said: “This is a
disappointing decision for the thousands of passengers and drivers who
rely on our app in Brighton and Hove.
We intend to appeal so we can continue serving the city.”
The company is in the process of appealing the decision last year not to renew its licence in London.
The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 May 2018
Solicitor struck
off for butting
rival lawyer in
High Court
By Daily Telegraph Reporter
A PROPERTY solicitor who butted a
developer in the High Court during a
£100 million legal battle has been
struck off.
Philip Saunders, 69, was captured on
CCTV at the Royal Courts of Justice
in London lunging forward to hit
Mohammad Reza Ghadami, who was
left with a broken nose and blood
streaming down his face. He had to be
taken to hospital for surgery.
Saunders said he lost his temper
after Mr Ghadami made a “vile antiSemitic comment”, but did not give
further details of the exact words used.
He told the Solicitors’ Disciplinary
Tribunal: “I am an observant religious
Jew. I have a high moral standard. I
completely lost all self-control as a
result of this comment he made.
“I am bitterly ashamed that I lost my
temper. I am not trying to justify my actions, but to put them into perspective.
“I cannot see how my behaviour on
that day in the face of a raw antiSemitic comment negates the way I
behaved and behave since.”
After a three-hour hearing, Edward
Nelly, chairman of the disciplinary
panel, said the panel found Saunders
had failed to act with integrity.
Mr Nelly said: “You were convicted
for a criminal assault. We have reflected on that and the initial unhappy
context – as an unwise engagement
with Mr Ghadami in the Rolls Building
about the subject of costs.
“We have considered what the behaviour of Mr Saunders demonstrates,
on that unhappy day, and we accept the
submissions of both persons that a single act may constitute a lack of integrity. We are sorry to find that allegation
proved, while understanding the explanation Mr Saunders has offered. We
must not conflate mitigation with fact.”
Saunders was given an 18-month
suspended prison sentence after being
convicted of assault occasioning actual
bodily harm at Inner London Crown
Court in January last year.
CCTV footage showed Mr Ghadami
blocking Saunders from passing
him in the court during an exchange
in April 2016. The pair had been
involved on opposing sides in a land
dispute. When Mr Ghadami swung his
case between Saunders’ legs, Saunders
lunged forward and butted him. Mr
Ghadami said the assault came “out of
the blue”. Both men attended the misconduct hearing in central London.
Saunders, who has been a solicitor
for more than 40 years, said he had
stopped practising after the incident.
He admitted failing to uphold the law
and failing to maintain public trust and
confidence in the profession, but denied failing to act with integrity.
Saunders was struck off the roll of
solicitors and ordered to pay £4,611 in
Upper crust
name can cost
BBC presenters
the best jobs
By Anita Singh Arts And
EntErtAinmEnt Editor
Colour supplement The Festival of Korean Dance (May 9-16) at The Place contemporary
dance venue in London will come to a climax with the performance of an art dance work,
Riverrun, a collaboration between dancer Jinyeob Cha and Vakki, a Seoul-based visual artist.
BBC presenters could miss out on highprofile jobs if they have a double-barrelled name, a tribunal heard yesterday
as a veteran journalist described the
“whimsical, ludicrous, precarious business” of broadcast news.
Tim Willcox, a presenter on BBC
news since 2004, said some executives
valued “what looked right” ahead of
journalistic integrity. Along with David
Eades and Joanna Gosling, Mr Willcox
is appealing against a joint tax bill of
£920,000 in what is seen as a test case
for more than 100 other presenters.
The three were told to set up personal service companies by the BBC in
return for contracts that granted them a
minimum amount of work. HMRC says
the arrangement amounts to employment and attracts a different tax scale.
Mr Willcox said he was relieved to be
offered a BBC contract because “I work
in a very competitive industry where
people fall in and out of favour”.
He told a High Court tax tribunal:
“One is constantly at the whim of any
new programme editor or whoever
new comes in … It might be as simple as
someone saying, ‘I don’t want someone
with a double-barrelled name on the
10 O’Clock News.’”
Mr Willcox presented the Chilean
miners’ story in 2010, Typhoon Haiyan
in the Philippines in 2013, and the
Charlie Hebdo terror attack in 2015.
But he said: “There have been several occasions where I’ve had calls before going on air from the managing
editor saying: ‘I wanted to warn you
that we’ve taken on a particular person
and, as a result, the amount of work
we can give you has been significantly
The case continues.
Barrister sues firm over spanking session Tycoon took axe to tree protection order
By Gareth Davies
A BARRISTER is taking his former
employers to court after he was suspended for spanking a junior colleague.
Robert Jones, 40, worked at London
firm LEXLAW when he took part in the
kinky session in the office of a partner.
He and the junior colleague had exchanged messages which included a
“sex contract” containing bondage preferences, “safe words” and agreed limits.
A salary dispute on Friday June 6 last
year resulted in Mr Jones handing in his
notice. Two days later the company’s
managing director emailed him urging
him to reconsider. But when he refused,
LEXLAW suspended him for bringing
his private activities to work, citing the
spanking incident which had occurred
months previously.
Mr Jones accused the firm of breaching the Data Protection Act by accessing his personal messages to build a
case against him. He said this evidence,
relating to the 2016 incident, was used
so LEXLAW would not have to pay him
for his notice period. He told legal website Roll On Friday: “I believe that the
disciplinary proceedings were brought
against me as retaliation for my having
handed in notice … and not as a result
of the much earlier incident.”
LEXLAW declined to comment other
than to describe the behaviour as
“unacceptable in our work place”.
A WEALTHY businessman illegally cut
down 11 protected trees on his land to
give himself a bigger back garden, a
court has heard.
Millionaire David Matthews, 67,
ignored Tree Preservation Orders
(TPOs) and spent a weekend cutting
them down with a chainsaw.
The specimens, including an oak,
beech and sweet chestnut, were close
to his five-bedroom detached house in
Poole, Dorset. Nine of the trees were
said to have been up to 100 years old. A
member of the public who heard the
noise of the trees being felled reported
the matter to Poole council, which
launched an investigation and subsequently charged Matthews with the
wilful destruction of protected trees.
Poole magistrates were told that
Matthews had breached a similar order
in 2015 and had been given a warning.
The scrap metal dealer pleaded
guilty to the charges when he appeared
before magistrates in Poole yesterday.
Sentencing was adjourned for reports.
It is thought he may also face a
Proceeds of Crime hearing to
determine if he must pay the amount
his property had increased in value
because of the felling.
Andy Dearing, head of enforcement
at the council, said: “He did it with a
chainsaw and really went for it. This is
the worst environmental crime of its
kind we have seen in Poole.”
Wednesday 2 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Navy’s carriers ‘will only go to war alongside allies’
By Jack Maidment
THE national security adviser has cast
doubt on whether the Government
would send the Royal Navy’s new aircraft carriers to war without support
from allies.
Sir Mark Sedwill said he believed
the carriers would “inevitably” only be
deployed in a “contested environment”
alongside other forces. His comments
suggest the Government would not
agree to send the two new Queen Elizabeth-class carriers into a conflict similar to the Falklands War, when Britain
fought Argentina alone.
Meanwhile, Sir Mark also said he
believed Russia and its arsenal of nuclear weapons continued to pose an
“existential threat” to the UK, admitting there were “areas of vulnerability”
in Britain’s national security.
The Navy has been without an aircraft carrier since 2014 but two new
ships – HMS Queen Elizabeth and HMS
Prince of Wales – are due to become
operational in the coming years.
Sir Mark told the defence select committee: “We will be one of only about
six countries in the world that has this
kind of strategic projection capability
when the carriers are fully operational.
“But it is our intention, because of
that, to use them with allies … We will
see what happens in the circumstances
but that is part of the thinking about
the use of the carriers.
“It is projecting them as a British
sovereign capability but one that will
almost inevitably, I would actually say
inevitably, be used in a context of allied
operations of some kind if used in a
contested environment.”
Margaret Thatcher’s government
sent two aircraft carriers – HMS
Hermes and HMS Invincible – to help
take back the Falkland Islands in 1982.
They were accompanied by an array of
destroyers, frigates and submarines.
Sir Mark’s comments are likely to
spark questions about if and when the
UK would embark on a similar course
of action in the future. The two new
aircraft carriers are the largest vessels
ever built for the Navy. The 65,000-ton
HMS Queen Elizabeth cost £3.5 billion
to build and was officially commissioned in December last year. It is intended to become fully operational in
Meanwhile, Sir Mark also used his
appearance to urge the UK’s fellow
Nato members to meet a commitment
to spend 2 per cent of their GDP on
defence, adding that Russia was the
UK’s “primary strategic threat”.
“It is very important when we think
about Russia that we don’t think about
it in an entirely bilateral way. It is not
just the UK up against Russia, it is Nato
that is the linchpin of our defence.”
He added: “If all of the other Nato
countries achieved that 2 per cent target, that would be the equivalent of
about an additional $100 billion
(£73 billion) a year devoted to the
Never mind the
neighbours, say
home buyers, is the
broadband good?
 GPs are being put under pressure as
councils reduce services aimed at
preventing ill health, an investigation
has found.
Nine out of 10 councils have cut
funding for weight management,
sexual health and addiction services in
an attempt to save cash.
Some areas are scrapping the
services altogether, a survey of 80
councils found, leaving GPs to try to
cover the gaps. Doctors have warned
that cutting preventative healthcare
will put a greater strain on the NHS in
the long term.
The research, conducted by the GP
publication Pulse, found that only 11
out of 80 councils that responded to a
Freedom of Information request had
maintained spending at last year’s
levels. Drug and alcohol treatment
services have been one of the biggest
casualties, with 87 per cent of councils
cutting funding, followed by sexual
health at 83 per cent and smoking
cessation services at 79 per cent.
Some councils have cut weight
management completely, raising the
risk of patients needing surgical
intervention because preventative
strategies are unavailable.
Dr Richard Vautrey, chairman of the
British Medical Association’s GP
committee, said: “These short-sighted
cuts will cost the NHS in the long run
as we don’t properly invest in
prevention and health promotion.”
 Good broadband is now more
important than having friendly
neighbours when buying a home.
When asked the “must haves” when
searching for a property, home buyers
ranked broadband as the fifth most
important aspect, according to a study
by GoCompare, the price comparison
It is the first time internet
connection has featured in the top five
most important considerations, it said.
Traditional selling points such as a
driveway, conservatory and garage,
now rank lower than broadband
sufficient to stream movies, and being
close to shops and amenities.
Top of the list this year are central
heating, double glazing, secure doors
and windows, and a garden.
Close behind are plentiful electrical
sockets to enable phone charging and
having a TV in every room.
Moving near a good school fails to
make the list, as does open-plan living
or period features. The survey
questioned 2,000 people.
Ben Wilson, of GoCompare, said:
“Connectivity and energy efficiency
are massive factors, while the number
of electrical sockets is now more
important than access to local
amenities. Likewise, a broadband
signal fast enough for streaming, and a
reliable mobile phone signal are
deemed essential today and sellers
need to be wise to these priorities.”
GPs warn councils
over cuts to weight
management and
addiction services
Maximum volume A “challenging” exhibition has been installed at the National Trust’s Blickling Estate in Norfolk by arts
group Les Enfants Terribles to highlight the threats that books face, including damp, death watch beetles and Isis.
Charity boss accused of stealing £700k
Father dies in birthday gift plane crash Four children died in ‘feud’ firebombing
 The chief executive of a charity has
been accused of stealing more than
£700,000 by paying cheques into his
own account and awarding himself
bonuses. John Briers abused his
position at Age Concern South
Tyneside to steal from the charity
between 2007 and 2015, Newcastle
Crown Court heard. The 57-year-old,
from Gateshead, denies three
 Three brothers who paid for their
military enthusiast father to fly in a
Second World War Mustang watched
in horror as he was killed when the
plane crashed on landing.
An inquest heard that John
Marshall, 84, was a passenger in the
P-51D fighter-bomber and enjoyed 50
minutes in the air before it got into
difficulty in a cross wind while
allegations of fraud. Anthony Dunne,
prosecuting, said Mr Briers used fake
invoices and fraudulent minutes of
board meetings in a bid to cover his
Mr Briers made no comment during
police interview and later claimed that
payments were diverted to his account
so he could pay suppliers in cash.
The trial continues.
landing. The plane bounced off the
runway and burst into flames after
hitting an oak tree at Hardwick airfield.
Mr Marshall, of Willoughby
Waterleys, Leics, died instantly from
head and neck injuries on Oct 2, 2016.
Maurice Hammond, 58, the pilot
who owned the Mustang, survived
with burns, a broken neck, shoulder
and ribs. The inquest continues.
 Four sleeping children died when
their house was torched just hours
after the family warned police of the
attack, a court heard.
Zak Bolland, 23, was in a longrunning feud with Kyle Pearson, 16, the
victims’ brother, a jury at Manchester
Crown Court was told.
Bolland and David Worrall, 25,
tossed two lit petrol bombs into the
house in Walkden, Greater Manchester,
in December, it is alleged. Demi, 15,
Brandon, 8, Lacie, 7 and Lia Pearson, 3,
all died. Hour hours before the fire,
Bolland and Worrall shouted: “All your
family’s getting it, they’re all gonna
Bolland, Courtney Brierley, 20, his
girlfriend, and Worrall all deny
charges of murder. The trial continues.
The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 May 2018
World news
Trilateral summit to
discuss North Korea
By Nicola Smith
and Julian Ryall in Tokyo
SOUTH KOREA, China and
Japan will hold a trilateral
summit in Tokyo next week,
in the latest round of
diplomacy to resolve tensions over North Korea’s nuclear weapons programme.
The meeting will bring
together Moon Jae-in, the
South’s president, Shinzo
Abe, the Japanese prime
minister, and Li Keqiang, the
Chinese premier, for the first
time in more than two years.
It follows a historic summit between Mr Moon and
North Korea’s Kim Jong-un
last Friday, where they
pledged to pursue “complete
denuclearisation” and a
peace treaty to formally end
the 1950-53 Korean War.
South Korea asked the
United Nations yesterday to
help verify the planned
nuclear shutdown, due to
begin later this month.
On Sunday, Mr Moon’s
office revealed that Kim
would invite experts from
South Korea and the US to
the country to ensure “transparency” around the site’s
Yoon Young-chan, a presidential spokesman, said that
Kim had no intention of targeting the US or the South
with nuclear weapons, reported CNN. “There is no
reason for us to possess nuclear weapons … if mutual
trust with the United States
is built through frequent
meetings from now on … an
end to the war and non-aggression are promised,” Kim
was quoted as saying.
Ambassador to Israel in
secret Gaza border trip
By Raf Sanchez in Jerusalem
Street fighting man Masked protesters threw stones at police, who responded with tear gas and water cannons, as thousands of people took
to the streets of Paris during May Day demonstrations. It is 50 years since similar civil unrest in May 1968 made headlines around the world.
Netanyahu plays
down war talk over
Iran nuclear deal
Britain and France
try to turn Israel’s
research accusation
to their advantage
ISRAEL’S prime minister
said yesterday that he was
not seeking a military
confrontation with Iran,
even as he continued his
public campaign to convince
Donald Trump to strengthen
the 2015 nuclear deal or pull
the US out of it.
A day after Benjamin
Netanyahu unveiled Israeli
intelligence which he said
proved that Iran had lied
about its nuclear research,
the Israeli leader talked
down European fears that
scrapping the deal could
lead to war.
“Nobody is seeking that
kind of development,” Mr
Netanyahu said. “Iran is the
one practising aggression
against every country in the
Middle East.”
With less than two weeks
until the May 12 deadline
when Mr Trump must decide whether to pull the US
out of the Iran deal, Britain
and France tried to turn Israel’s accusations to their
own diplomatic advantage.
Boris Johnson, the Foreign Secretary, argued that
the new Israeli intelligence
only underscored the need
By Raf Sanchez in Jerusalem
Israel says Iran lied to the world about its nuclear research
to keep the nuclear deal and
inspectors to look inside
Iranian research facilities.
minister’s presentation on
Iran’s past research into
nuclear weapons technology underlines the importance of keeping the Iran
nuclear deal’s constraints on
Tehran’s nuclear ambitions,”
Mr Johnson said.
“The Iran nuclear deal is
based on tough verification,
including measures that allow inspectors from the International Atomic Energy
Agency (IAEA) unprecedented access to Iran’s nuclear programme.”
France’s foreign ministry
echoed that sentiment, saying “the pertinence of the
deal is reinforced by the details presented by Israel”.
Iran’s foreign ministry denounced Mr Netanyahu as a
“broke and infamous liar
who has had nothing to offer
except lies and deceits”.
The debate over the fate of
the Iran deal is playing out
between Israel and Iran in
Syria. Israel is believed to
have been behind two
strikes in the last month
which have killed Iranian
soldiers in Syria.
Germany face an uphill battle to try to convince Mr
Trump to stay in the nuclear
agreement, which he has
repeatedly denounced as a
“horrible” deal for the US.
The IAEA, the United
Nations watchdog given the
task of inspecting Iran’s nuclear sites, said it was open
to inspecting the new Israeli
intelligence but it stood by
its previous assessment: that
there was “no credible indication” that Iran had continued research into a nuclear
bomb after 2009.
Secret Mossad raids that spirited
away half a ton of documents
By Raf Sanchez
THE dilapidated warehouse
in southern Tehran seemed
an unlikely place for Iran to
store its most sensitive
nuclear secrets.
But according to Israeli
officials, the storage facility
in the Shorabad
neighbourhood had been
chosen precisely because of
its unassuming appearance.
Iran’s government
reportedly feared that the
files might be found by
international inspectors.
Israeli officials said it was
this act of centralisation that
made it possible for Mossad
spies to pull off the
seemingly impossible:
snatching half a ton of
documents in a single night
and secreting them out of
the capital and the country.
“It was too heavy to take
in its entirety,” said one
Israeli official. Details began
to emerge yesterday about
the Israeli raid that provided
the intelligence behind
Benjamin Netanyahu’s
public accusation that Iran
lied to the world about its
nuclear programme before
and after the 2015 Iran deal.
The Israeli prime minister
described the operation as
one of its “biggest-ever
intelligence achievements”
but gave little sense about
how it came about during
his speech on Monday.
Officials said that Mossad,
Israel’s foreign intelligence
agency, had become aware
of the warehouse in
February 2016, a few weeks
after the Iran deal came into
force. It was kept under
surveillance for two years.
“Few Iranians knew
where it was,” Mr
Netanyahu said. The raid
was carried out in February.
The documents, which were
almost all in Farsi, were
shared with the US.
“The documents we have
reviewed are authentic,”
said Mike Pompeo, the US
secretary of state.
Sceptics of Mr Netanyahu
speculated that there may
have been no raid at all, and
suggested that Israel may
have broken into the
computer systems of the
International Atomic
Energy Agency (IAEA),
which had some of the files.
“It appears to me that
what Israel has done is that
it has probably hacked the
[IAEA] and gathered some
new details from what Iran
responded to the agency to
close the outstanding issues
in 2015,” said Ali Vaez,
project director for Iran at
the Crisis Group.
Britain’s ambassador to
Israel made a secret trip to
the Gaza border to observe
Palestinian protests, according to video footage taken by
Palestinian militants.
David Quarrey travelled
with a senior Israeli general
to the Gaza border last week.
The British diplomat’s trip
was not made public but
members of Islamic Jihad, a
Palestinian terrorist group,
posted a video of Mr Quarrey
and the Israeli commander
filmed from inside Gaza.
Israel’s military invited
Mr Quarrey to make the
unusual visit after he raised
concerns over Israel’s use of
live ammunition against
which has led to 48 deaths in
the area since March.
A foreign office spokesman said: “We urge Israelis
to reconsider the use of live
fire, and we urge the
Palestinian leadership to
maintain their calls for nonviolent protests.”
Wednesday 2 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph
World news
Pope’s finance
chief to stand
trial on sexual
abuse charges
torate from Oxford and was formerly a
footballer, has been an imposing figure
in Australia and has been heavily
criticised for his handling of complaints
of child sex abuse made against Catholic
priests there.
He is known for staunchly
conservative views on issues such as
homosexuality and abortion, the latter
being, he once said, a “worse moral
scandal” than child sex abuse by priests.
As rumours swirled about his
behaviour, alleged victims began to
come forward. Cardinal Pell protested
his innocence and left his post in the
Vatican to fight the allegations after he
was charged in June last year.
Robert Richter QC, his lawyer, told
the court in submissions two weeks ago
that the complainants might have been
seeking to punish the Cardinal for failCardinal George Pell
leaving Melbourne
Magistrates’ Court
yesterday. He faces
multiple allegations
of sexual assault
ing to act against abuse by clerics. Campaigners have been critical of Pope
Francis, who hand-picked Cardinal Pell
to oversee the Vatican’s finances despite the controversy in Australia. But
the decision to commit Cardinal Pell for
trial was welcomed by victims and campaigners as a vindication of their struggle for action by the justice system.
“George Pell has been committed to
trial and the positive that survivors of
abuse can take from this case is that
nobody is above the law,” said Lisa
Flynn, an Australian lawyer who
specialises in prosecuting cases for the
survivors of historical abuse.
“To the brave few who came forward
with your stories … you made someone
answerable to your allegations and I
hope that vindicates you from your
pain,” she added.
Cardinal Pell has been bailed to
return to court today for a hearing that
is likely to set a trial date. He has
previously forfeited his passport and is
not allowed to leave Australia.
Hollywood stars sue Weinstein
Company for unpaid millions
participation. For the same film and
The Giver, Streep has claimed $168,611.
Many of the celebrity filings state that
the amounts are difficult to ascertain
without an audit due to the Weinstein
Company’s poor accounts.
Streep, for instance, found her name
misspelled as “Street”, and said she has
By Alice Vincent
SOME of Hollywood’s best-known actors and directors have claimed they
are owed millions after Harvey Weinstein’s film company collapsed.
Stars including Meryl Streep, George
Clooney, Leonardo DiCaprio, Quentin
Tarantino and Jennifer Lawrence filed
objections against the sale of the Weinstein Company, claiming the bankrupt
studio owes them outstanding payments before it is sold in a court-supervised auction.
The Weinstein Company filed for
bankruptcy in March, after months of
trying to find a buyer. It also ended all
non-disclosure agreements, some of
which may have been signed with
Weinstein’s victims.
director who made four films with the
studio, states in papers that he is owed
more than $4 million (£3 million) in
royalties: $300,000 for Grindhouse,
$575,000 for Inglourious Basterds,
$1.25m for Django Unchained and
nearly $2.5m for The Hateful Eight.
The director has asked that the sale
of the company be stalled until the
Weinstein Company fulfils its contractual obligations and says it will pay.
Elsewhere, Lawrence has said she is
owed $102,623 for Silver Linings
Playbook, Clooney has filed for
$250,000 for his production of August:
Osage County, while adding that the
amount doesn’t account for back-end
THE Vatican’s treasurer has become
the most senior Catholic figure to be
tried on sexual assault charges after a
court in Melbourne committed him to
stand trial on historical offences
involving multiple victims.
Asked how he pleaded, 76-year-old
Cardinal George Pell – a trusted aide of
Pope Francis – considered third highest
ranked figure in the Catholic church,
stated firmly and loudly: “Not guilty.”
Belinda Wallington, the magistrate,
dismissed half the charges brought
against him for lack of evidence or
concerns about witness credibility. According to Cardinal Pell’s lawyer, these
included the more “vile” allegations.
But Ms Wallington ordered the Cardinal to face a trial by jury for alleged
sexual offending at a pool in the
Seventies in Ballarat, near Melbourne,
and at St Patrick’s Cathedral in
Melbourne in the Nineties, when he
was the city’s Archbishop. After the
magistrate left the court, a group of the
Cardinal’s critics applauded.
The details of the alleged offences
are yet to be revealed. Much of the
committal hearing was closed to the
public because the allegations were of a
sexual nature.
The case follows an explosive report
aired on ABC News in 2016 in which
two men claimed they were groped by
Cardinal Pell in the late Seventies at
Eureka pool, Ballarat.
“He would play games, like throw
the kids out of the water,” Lyndon Monument, a former student, told ABC.
“You know, his hand touching your
genitals and stuff on the outside of your
bathers or shorts. And then that slowly
became hand down the front of the
One man who also made allegations,
Damian Dignan, died in January after a
long illness.
Pope Francis did not ask Cardinal
Pell to resign after he was charged and
granted him leave to return to Australia
to fight the charges. But the decision to
proceed with a trial could put pressure
on the Vatican for a stronger response.
Pope Francis has recently ruled there
is “zero tolerance” for abuse in the
Church. Cardinal Pell, who holds a doc-
By Jonathan Pearlman in Sydney
Harvey Weinstein with Meryl Streep at an
awards ceremony in Los Angeles in 2012
been unable to find accurate accounting of outstanding payments. Several
production companies have raised
concerns over the company’s bookkeeping, with some films lacking accounting for a year and on others,
records have been lax for up to seven.
The March 20 bankruptcy filing
listed thousands of names on its 394page list of people owed money by the
Weinstein Company, including Malia
Obama, Judi Dench, David Bowie and
Daniel Radcliffe.
The case unfolds against more legal
drama for the producer himself. On
Monday, Ashley Judd sued Weinstein
saying the former movie mogul hurt
her acting career in retaliation for her
rejecting his sexual advances.
In the lawsuit filed in Los Angeles
County Superior Court, Judd accused
Weinstein of defamation, sexual
harassment and violating California’s
unfair competition law.
Director Peter Jackson’s claim,
which was made public last December,
that Weinstein had warned him 20
years ago that Judd was a “nightmare”
to work with, and should be avoided “at
all costs”, is central to the suit. Jackson
was considering Judd for a major role
in his Lord of the Rings movies, and had
met with her about the role.
A year earlier, Weinstein – in what
was supposed to be a business meeting
– appeared to Judd in a bathrobe, asked
her to watch him shower and to let him
massage her, the suit alleges.
Weinstein has denied trying to derail
Judd’s career, and said he had no role in
Jackson’s casting. Jackson said Weinstein also warned him against casting
Mira Sorvino, who has also alleged she
is among Weinstein’s victims.
It is the latest in a string of lawsuits
filed towards Weinstein since allegations of sexual harassment and wrongdoing were made against him last year.
Weinstein has denied the allegations.
In February, the Metropolitan Police
embarked upon “Operation Kaguyak”,
investigating 15 claims of alleged
assault against Weinstein.
Tonys’ vote of confidence in British theatre
By Hannah Furness
WHEN Hamilton swept the boards at
this year’s Oliviers, some theatre-lovers were left wondering at the domination of American productions on
London’s most prestigious awards.
Yesterday, home-grown talent got its
own back in some style, as British
plays, actors and crew enjoyed extraordinary success at the Tonys.
Nominations for the Broadwaybased Tony theatre awards include a
raft of British favourites, from the juggernaut of Harry Potter and the Cursed
Child to Lucy Kirkwood’s nuclear disaster drama The Children.
Four out of the five men nominated
for best actor are British, with three of
the five best plays originating in the
UK. Nominees include Glenda Jackson,
Dame Diana Rigg, Sir Mark Rylance,
Andrew Garfield and Tom Hollander,
along with a lifetime achievement
award for Lord Lloyd Webber.
The stars of Harry Potter, Noma
Dumezweni, Jamie Parker and Anthony Boyle, are nominated among a
total of 10 for the two-part play, reported to be the most expensive ever
staged on Broadway.
In April, Telegraph critic Dominic
Cavendish remarked that the overall
impression of the Olivier Awards,
which honoured Hamilton in particular, “attests to a just-detectable lack of
confidence in our own product”.
“The minor irony of this year’s wins
is that it looks as if we have wound up
deferring, to an oleaginous fault, to
American culture,” he added.
At the Tonys, the transfer of the National Theatre’s revival of Angels in
America has 11 nominations, Farinelli
and the King has five, including one for
Rylance, its lead actor, and a revival of
Tom Stoppard’s 1974 farce Travesties
has four.
The Children, described as “Fukushima meets The Archers” by the Telegraph’s critic, is up for two awards.
Robert Icke’s adaptation of George
Orwell’s 1984, which was controversially deemed ineligible for last year’s
Tonys after a journalist on the award
committee was refused a ticket, has
one nomination, for its sound design.
“New York audiences respond to
British stories and Britishness,” Sonia
Friedman, the British producer of both
Travesties and Harry Potter, told The
Daily Telegraph in March. “The successes I’ve had [on Broadway] have all
been quintessentially British, with our
best playwrights at the centre of them.”
The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 May 2018
Trump attacks leak of Russia questions
US president condemns
‘disgraceful’ disclosure of
list put to his lawyers in
collusion investigation
Depth of focus
Ace Wus, from
Taiwan, goes where
few photographers
dare travel to
capture alien-like
images of the sea
creatures that live
deep below the
ocean’s surface. He
uses blue light to
create images of a
hairy frogfish, far
left, transparent
octopus and ghost
pipefish that glow
with an incredible
vibrancy. Ace, 42,
who was highly
commended in the
Photographer of
the Year 2018
awards, said: “It’s
difficult to describe
the beauty of the
ocean with words,
so I choose
‘Subversive’ Peppa Swedes: meatball
gets chop in China is actually Turkish
Peppa Pig appears to have
become the latest Western
children’s character to be
curbed by Beijing.
Around 30,000 videos of
the cartoon have been
removed from the Douyin
website, the Global Times
newspaper reported, as
state media said that Peppa
Pig had taken on a
“subversive hue” among a
“unruly slackers” opposed
to the values of the ruling
Communist Party.
Meatballs may seem as
Swedish as Ikea and Abba,
but Sweden has admitted
its iconic cuisine actually
originates from Turkey.
The country’s official
Twitter account said:
“Swedish meatballs are
actually based on a recipe
King Charles XII brought
home from Turkey in the
early 18th century.”
Public response varied
from dismay to celebration
of the truth coming to light.
Austria looks into
ordered over HIV Syria ambush case
Vienna prosecutors are
investigating whether
Austrian peacekeepers
allowed Syrian police to
drive into a fatal ambush in
the Golan Heights in 2012.
Austrian weekly Der
Falter published a leaked
video that shows Syrian
smugglers ambushing the
police and Austrian soldiers
are heard discussing
whether or not to warn
them. Nine officers were
killed in the attack.
Mozambique is to
circumcise 100,000 men
over the coming months to
combat the spread of HIV.
The World Health
Organisation says
uncircumcised men are
more likely to contract HIV
because of the vulnerability
of the foreskin to small cuts
and abrasions. More than
five million men in
southern and eastern Africa
have been voluntarily
circumcised since 2013.
Tower inferno A 24-storey building in
São Paulo, Brazil, collapsed yesterday
after a fire spread, killing one person.
condemned as “disgraceful” a leak of
dozens of questions Robert Mueller
wants to ask the US president in a faceto-face interview.
Mr Mueller, the special counsel investigating Russian meddling in the
2016 election, submitted more than 40
proposed questions to Mr Trump’s lawyers. The questions indicated he wants
to focus on whether Mr Trump attempted to obstruct justice by blocking
the inquiry, and any links between his
campaign and Russia.
Mr Mueller’s team read the inquiries
over the telephone to Mr Trump’s
lawyers who compiled them into a list.
That list was leaked to The New York
Times by “a person outside Mr Trump’s
legal team”, the newspaper said.
Mr Trump, writing on Twitter, said:
“So disgraceful that the questions concerning the Russian Witch Hunt were
‘leaked’ to the media. No questions on
Collusion. Oh, I see... you have a made
up, phony crime, Collusion, that never
existed, and an investigation begun
with illegally leaked classified informa-
Truth or consequences Mueller’s key questions for Trump
On Russia:
During the
campaign, what did
you know about
Russian hacking, use
of social media or
other acts aimed at
the campaign?
What knowledge
did you have of any
outreach by your
campaign, including
by Paul Manafort, to
Russia about
potential assistance
to the campaign?
When did you
become aware of the
Trump Tower
What was your
reaction to Mr
Comey’s briefing that
day (Jan 6, 2017)
about other
intelligence matters
(the Steele dossier)?
On potential
tion. Nice!” Mr Trump later added: “It
would seem very hard to obstruct justice for a crime that never happened.”
The president’s assertion that there
were “no questions on collusion” was
correct in the sense that the word “collusion” was not used. However, the list
did suggest Mr Mueller is looking into
whether Mr Trump’s campaign coordinated in any way with the Kremlin, and
whether he knew about it.
John Dean, Richard Nixon’s White
House counsel, and star witness in the
Watergate investigation, said whoever
leaked the questions could be obstructing justice. He said: “It could be obstruction just to have released these
questions... the tipping off of witnesses
in advance to what the question was go-
obstruction of
Did you discuss
whether Mr Sessions
would protect you,
and reference past
attorneys general?
After the
resignations, what
efforts were made to
reach out to Mr Flynn
about seeking
immunity or possible
‘It would
seem very
hard to
justice for a
crime that
Regarding the
decision to fire Mr
Comey: When was it
made? Why? Who
played a role?
What discussions
did you have
terminating the
special counsel, and
what did you do when
that consideration
was reported in
January 2018?
ing to be.” Many of the questions were
predictable, based on events that are
already publicly known, but one appeared to stem from as yet unreleased
information. In it Mr Mueller asked:
“What knowledge did you have of any
outreach by your campaign, including
by Paul Manafort, to Russia about potential assistance to the campaign?”
There has been no public suggestion
so far of alleged outreach by Mr Manafort, who has been separately charged
by Mr Mueller with financial crimes.
Mr Mueller’s questions gave no indication whether Mr Trump is an official
suspect in his year-long investigation,
which has been shrouded in secrecy.
The numerous inquiries related to potential obstruction of justice included
whether Mr Trump had sought to fire
Mr Mueller himself.
They also included what Mr Trump’s
intentions were in firing James Comey
as FBI director, and whether he initially
appointed Jeff Sessions as attorney general to “protect” himself from any Russia investigation. In relation to Russia
links, Mr Mueller wants to ask Mr
Trump when he became aware of a
Trump Tower meeting in June 2016
between senior members of his
campaign and a Russian lawyer who
offered “dirt” on Hillary Clinton.
The special counsel also expressed
interest in Mr Trump’s trip to Moscow
for the Miss Universe pageant in 2013,
and any discussions he had during the
campaign about meeting Vladimir
Putin. Mr Trump’s businesses also feature in the questions, including any discussions he had with Michael Cohen,
his personal lawyer, about a potential
property deal in Moscow.
The president has expressed a desire
to sit down with Mr Mueller for an
interview, believing it could hasten the
conclusion of an investigation he has repeatedly called a “witch hunt”.
The questions were provided by Mr
Mueller’s team in March and convinced
John Dowd, Mr Trump’s lead lawyer at
the time, that the president should not
agree to an interview. Mr Dowd
resigned shortly afterwards amid
suggestions his client was determined
to ignore his advice.
Wednesday 2 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph
World news
Lion mauls British
sanctuary owner who
reared it from a cub
Republic cuts
Taiwan ties in
coup for China
By Nicola Smith in Taipei
and Neil Connor in Beijing
Man suffers broken jaw
and cuts after animal
attacked him in its
enclosure in South Africa
By Adrian Blomfield in Nairobi
THE British owner of a wildlife
sanctuary in South Africa has been
severely injured by a lion that he
hand-reared from a cub in an attack
that was witnessed and filmed by his
tourist clients.
Michael Hodge, 71, was attacked as
he walked into the enclosure of the
Marakele Animal Sanctuary’s star attraction, a male lion named Shamba.
Video footage of Saturday’s incident
shows Mr Hodge, who moved to South
Africa in 1999, walking in a relaxed
manner towards the lion as a ranger
outside the fence attempts to distract
the animal.
Mr Hodge, who founded the
sanctuary in South Africa’s Limpopo
region with his wife Chrissy and
stepdaughter Emma in 2010, was
reportedly investigating a strange
smell that had been upsetting the lion.
Suddenly, Mr Hodge is seen running
for the gate of Shamba’s enclosure,
before being brought down by the lion,
his body crashing against the fence.
A woman can be heard sobbing and
screaming “Oh my god!” and “Somebody help, please!” as the lion drags Mr
Hodge away into a thicket. Mr Hodge is
heard to cry out “Help me, please!”
Shots ring out, fired by the ranger,
prompting Shamba to drop the injured
Mr Hodge. The lion retreated a few
yards from the bush where the Briton
lay, but not far enough to allow a safe
rescue attempt to be made.
Shamba was then killed, a family
friend, Bernadette Maguire, said,
before Mr Hodge was taken to a clinic
three miles away in the town of
Thabazimbi. He was later airlifted to a
hospital in Johannesburg. Mrs Hodge
‘One lion
slept in
Mike’s bed,
washing his
face and
giving him a
daily at 3am’
said her husband had been hurt but
was now recovering. “He has a broken
jaw and several lacerations, but is
recovering well,” she said in a statement. She added that the family were
“devastated” over Shamba’s death.
The lion, born in 2008, had been
hand-reared since it was a month old,
with Mrs Hodge nursing it through a
near-fatal dose of colic, according to
Shamba was one of the most popular
of the dozen or so big cats housed in
the sanctuary’s “predator park”.
Tourists could pay an extra fee to be
locked into a cage on the back of a
pickup vehicle. Shamba had been
trained to leap on to the cage to eat
freshly slaughtered chickens hung
from the bars. Tourists would then
photograph Shamba from just inches
away as the feathers flew.
“Come and take a ride on the wild
side in our purpose-built Lion Mobile,”
the sanctuary’s website reads.
“I can promise you that Shamba will
jump up and look you in the eye.”
Previous visitors and volunteers said
that Mr Hodge had long experience
with lions, having hand-reared three
from cubs.
One, a lioness named Nina, even
slept on his bed, according to Emerita
Abadilla, a former volunteer.
“She slept in Mike’s bed, washing his
face and giving him a spit-bath daily at
Video footage
shows wildlife
sanctuary owner
Michael Hodge
(above left) being
attacked by
Shamba the lion in
its enclosure
3am,” she wrote in a blog post two years
ago. Apart from lions, the sanctuary
also housed at least two tigers.
Some visitors to the sanctuary’s
Facebook page criticised the manner in
which Shamba was killed and the park
But friends also came to Mr Hodge’s
defence, saying he had a “special bond”
with the lion.
THE Dominican Republic has cut longstanding diplomatic ties with Taiwan
and switched to China, handing
another victory to Beijing in its longterm quest to isolate the self-ruled
island on the global stage.
Taiwan’s government said yesterday
it was “deeply upset” by the move, and
condemned China’s “objectionable decision to use dollar diplomacy”, accusing Beijing of luring Taipei’s foreign
allies with cash rewards. An unnamed
Taiwanese official told Reuters that
China had won the country over with
$3.1 billion incentives and loans.
The decision comes during a time of
heightened tensions between China
and Taiwan’s traditionally independence-leaning Democratic Progressive
Party, which rose to power in 2015. Beijing and Taipei have long competed for
each other’s allies in a power struggle
that stems from China’s belief that it
has a territorial claim to Taiwan and
from democratic Taiwan’s resistance to
being absorbed into the mainland.
“Beijing’s attempts at foreign policy
have only served to drive a wedge
between the people on both sides of
the Taiwan Strait, erode mutual trust,
and further harm the feelings of the
people of Taiwan,” said Joseph Wu,
Taiwan’s foreign minister, yesterday.
Flavio Dario Espinal, a legal consultant to Dominican Republic’s presidential office, said ending relations with
Taiwan was based on the “needs, potential and future prospects” of his Caribbean nation.
Taiwan hit back by immediately recalling its diplomats and reminding the
Dominicans that it had helped build
their nation into a rice exporter.
China said there had been no economic pre-conditions for the switch,
with An Fengshan, a spokesman for the
Taiwan Affairs Office, attributing it to
the “general trend and common aspiration of the people” of both countries.
Tsai Ing-wen, Taiwan’s president,
described China’s latest action as “an
unfriendly and destructive approach to
cross-strait relations”.
Rubens painting written off by New York museum to be auctioned for millions
By Steve Bird
WHEN New York’s Metropolitan
Museum of Art decided to sell off a
portrait of Rubens’ only daughter,
Clara Serena, they were convinced it
was the work of a mere “follower” of
the Old Master. So, in 2013, the painting
was given the modest auction estimate
of between £14,500 to £22,000.
But, a British collector who bought it
for £457,500 appeared to know something the Met’s scholars did not.
Now the painting has been accepted
as a Rubens original and is going up for
auction at Christie’s in July with an
estimate of between £3 million and
£5 million.
The family portrait by Sir Peter Paul
Rubens was painted around 1623,
about the time his daughter died from
the plague, aged just 12.
In the Forties, Julius Held, the art
historian, declared that it was not a
Rubens original and so the painting fell
out of favour. In 2013 it was sold off to
pay for new acquisitions at the worldfamous American museum.
“There’s always a flicker of excitement when you see a picture is being
sold by a major museum,” said Bendor
Grosvenor, an art historian, collector
and BBC presenter. “There’s no doubt
in my mind that it’s a Rubens. The
piece is painted clearly in his
idiosyncratic style. It’s a beautiful
depiction of his daughter.”
Mr Grosvenor believes a costly mistake was made by staff at the Met. The
then buyer, who is anonymous but is
believed to live in London, had experts
clean off layers of dirt and green overpainting.
Henry Pettifer, head of Old Master
paintings at Christie’s London, said that
since its restoration the portrait has
been shown as a Rubens original three
times in public.
The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 May 2018
Wednesday 2 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Everyone is so
media trained
these days that
we love a Mike
Coupe moment
To order prints or signed
copies of any Telegraph
cartoon, go to telegraph. or call
0191 603 0178 
ity the poor person in
the Sainsbury’s press
office who was
responsible for Mike
Coupe’s media training.
That hapless member of
staff must have sat with
head in hands, cursing
themselves for failing to tell
their boss that while
sounding concerned about
job losses as a result of the
company’s merger with
Asda, he must also avoid
singing about money
between interviews.
“We’re in the money, the
sky is sunny,” Coupe sang
absent-mindedly as he
waited for the mic to go live
again. Except, the mic was
already live, and ITV
broadcast it. Sainsbury’s
hastily – and rather
unconvincingly – protested
that Coupe was merely
singing a song from the
musical 42nd Street and “to
attach any wider meaning to
this innocent, personal
moment is preposterous”.
Who knows what was
going on in Coupe’s head as
he thought about his
company’s merger. He
certainly now knows that
innocent, personal
moments are best not taken
when there’s recording
equipment nearby.
Isn’t it rather telling,
though, that media trainers
have been so effective that
the most interesting bits
about many interviews are
the bits that weren’t
supposed to happen? To
avoid making one false
move, business leaders and
politicians have developed a
habit of chaining together
meaningless phrases to
create a protective armour
for surviving the interview
Former Liberal Democrat
minister Danny Alexander
was a master of this art,
managing to talk a great deal
in broadcast interviews
without saying anything
that could possibly move a
story on, even in a positive
way. Alexander has
struggled with his own
innocent, personal
moments: he was filmed
breaking wind while sitting
in a Sky studio in 2011.
Perhaps after that the Chief
Secretary to the Treasury
decided that he would never
do or say anything to cause a
stink in a studio ever again.
Most MPs are less worried
about farting, and more
worried about accidentally
being recorded calling a
voter a “bigot”, as Gordon
Brown was in 2010. But us
grubby journalists have a lot
to answer for too. We
practise a willing
suspension of disbelief
when reporting more
innocuous remarks. We
know exactly what someone
actually meant, but we write
it up as though we don’t.
Take Anne Jenkin. The
Conservative peer was one
of the speakers at the launch
of an inquiry into food
banks, and she chose to
discuss one of the group’s
findings. “We have lost a lot
of our cooking skills, and
poor people don’t know
how to cook,” she said,
immediately looking
terrified by what she’d
clumsily said.
In the stories that
followed, the Baroness was
pictured standing proudly
in a kitchen that had two
ovens, making her the
Conservative equivalent of
John “two Jags” Prescott.
The only problem was that
Jenkin had merely been
clumsily repeating a line in
the report itself about
cooking skills – and the
kitchen was in the House of
Lords, not her own home.
It’s no wonder that people
in the public eye try to
create such a division
between their on-mic
persona and their real,
unconstructed demeanour.
The stakes are too high for
anything else.
But we too pay a price for
being so demanding: we
now very rarely know what
anyone we are listening to
really thinks.
Brexit is now so gloomy, its mood
music may be early Leonard Cohen
This should be a time of
optimism – but, instead,
we are mired in stultifying
arguments and in-fighting
he Bank of England’s chief
economist, Andy Haldane,
says it is possible to gauge
the mood of the nation
from the music it is
downloading on Spotify.
What should we be listening to at the
moment? Billie Holiday singing Gloomy
Sunday, aka the Hungarian Suicide
song? Or the early bedsit-angst works
of Leonard Cohen?
It is hard to recall a more downbeat
time in the national demeanour. Brexit
has been turned into an enervating,
morale-sapping exercise in making the
best of a bad job. What should be a
moment of renewal and optimism has
been reduced to a barely
comprehensible debate over various
forms of customs arrangements. Here
is the great divide: do you favour the
New Customs Partnership (NCP)
approach (closet Remainer); or are you
a “highly streamlined, technologybased customs arrangement”
supporter (true Brexiteer)?
This conundrum is due to be settled
by the Cabinet’s Brexit committee
today, though I am not holding my
breath. Theresa May is said to favour
the NCP option denounced as
“cretinous” by Jacob Rees-Mogg and
which many Brexiteers regard as
tantamount to staying in the EU. On
the other hand, if her colleagues plump
for the second option, that will look
like a defeat for the Prime Minister.
With less than a year to go to the
official date for leaving the EU, our
government is locked in an argument
that makes Swift’s satirical war
between the Big Endians and the Little
Endians over how to break an egg look
positively sane. I will spare readers the
stultifying details of the customs
dispute, not least because I am not
sure I understand them. Essentially,
this is a political fight, a re-run of the
referendum. The country may have
voted to leave the EU; but since 48 per
cent wanted to stay, that option has
never really been killed off. Remainers
who purport to be reconciled to Brexit
and claim to be arguing only over the
form it should take still think they can
reverse it.
In the end, this decision will be
taken by parliament, though you
might be forgiven for thinking it had
already done so when the Commons
agreed to trigger Article 50 by a
substantial majority last year. Not a bit
of it. In the Lords on Monday, peers
passed an amendment to the EU
Withdrawal Bill setting out what
should occur if MPs reject the final
deal (assuming there is one) when it is
put to the Commons in October.
In such circumstances, the
Government would be told to go back
and try again, which is clearly a
preposterous idea since an agreement
will already have been reached
between governments and ratified by
European legislatures. Brexiteers
argue that in such circumstances we
would leave with no deal. But the
Commons will simply not allow that to
happen because of the cliff-edge
uncertainties it entails. Moreover, if
the EU was asked to suspend the
Article 50 process, is it really being
suggested that they would deny the
UK the option to stay?
No-deal brinkmanship might have
been a credible strategy had Theresa
May comprehensively won the snap
general election, which seemed like a
good idea at the time. When
parliament was dissolved a year ago
today, the Prime Minister set out
confident of securing the big majority
she needed to avoid precisely the
political quicksands that are now
threatening to engulf her government.
We all know what happened.
So now what? There is a sense in
Whitehall that the next two months
are critical to the future of Brexit and
the survival of the Government,
starting with today’s Cabinet
committee meeting.
The best-case scenario runs like
this. Ministers agree on the technical
option for avoiding a hard border in
Ireland and go all-out to sell this to the
party and the country as a practical
and feasible solution. Towards the end
of the month, the Commons will vote
on an amendment to the Trade Bill to
keep the UK in a customs union and
the Government sees off a Tory
rebellion and wins.
Mrs May then goes to the June
summit in Brussels to persuade EU
leaders to accept a compromise based
around an off-the-peg EEA agreement
which would enable the UK to
continue trading goods and services
freely. As non-EU EEA States are not in
the Common Commercial Policy, the
UK could enter into its own free trade
arrangements outside the bloc. This is
a sensible, least-worst solution that we
should have adopted 18 months ago.
The doomsday alternative is that the
Government gets into a fight in the
Commons, loses the vote on the
customs union or fails to reverse this
week’s Lords amendment and Theresa
May resigns. For this to happen there
will have to be more than a dozen Tory
MPs ready to countenance the
prospect of Jeremy Corbyn in
Downing Street. A few are said to be
prepared to risk what they see as a
short-term calamity for the long-term
prize of reversing Brexit but it is not
clear how many.
In truth, no one really knows what
would transpire if the Government
fell. There would presumably be an
election, but what would it be about
– leaving without an agreement or
staying in the EU? What if it again
resulted in no party winning an
outright majority? A coalition could
only be cobbled together with parties
that take a similar view of Brexit; yet
they may not represent a majority in
the country.
The price of any pact might well be
the promise of another referendum,
though what would the question be?
And if it ended up reversing the last
one, how would that help unite the
country? It would be an unmitigated
political and constitutional mess.
Tory MPs thinking of helping to
defeat the Government on what would
effectively be a confidence issue need
to consider that they may unleash
demons far scarier than anything they
have convinced themselves will be
conjured up by our leaving the EU.
They may well think that staying in the
EU is in the long-term interests of the
country – but we had that argument
during the referendum.
By precipitating a crisis in the hope
of reversing Brexit, they risk causing
chaos and national humiliation. If we
wanted some appropriate music to
accompany that debacle, how about
this from Les Miserables: “Do you hear
the people sing? Singing the songs of
angry men?”
School strivers deserve support not criticism
Justine Greening’s idea of
discriminating against
Etonians overlooks the
role of family values
come from humble Midlands
stock; my family history is one
of miners, crooks and horseshoe
filers. But in the Eighties, something
interesting happened. My Nigerian
father – an ambitious disciplinarian –
married my Black Country mother, a
woman determined that her offspring
wouldn’t also suffer a “tat” education.
They pushed me hard as a child. It
worked: I was educated at St Paul’s,
one of Britain’s finest schools. A
degree from a red-brick university
and a career in journalism ensued.
That is why former education
secretary Justine Greening’s
suggestion that employers should
show a preference for candidates
from under-performing secondaries,
compared to those from elite schools
such as Eton, makes me shudder. It
devalues the struggles and striving of
families like mine. If you are a parent,
what is the point of toiling to pay
school fees if employers are going to
discriminate against your children? If
you are a bright student, what is the
point in sweating to pass entrance
exams for world-class schools if the
person who failed them is more likely
to get a job?
I make the latter point in sadness.
I come from a family of working-class
people whose lives were defined by
their failure to pass the 11-plus. When
money was tight, I went to one of the
worst-performing primary schools
in the country, in a flaking Victorian
building where boys threw chairs at
the teachers and year groups were
combined because there weren’t
enough classrooms. Good schooling
matters: St Paul’s was my lucky break.
But the solution should be
improving state schools, not
discriminating against the privileged
and the brilliant. Progress has been
made in recent years. Attainment
levels in London state schools, in
particular, have steadily improved.
This is partly down to more
competition and choice, and more
effective school inspections. But it
is also because head teachers have
been given the freedom to lead, and
to transform their schools. Yet there is
still so much more to do. We shouldn’t
get bogged down with penalising
parents who don’t have time to wait
for change.
Ms Greening’s proposal also
overlooks the fact that, when it comes
to academic achievement, parents
shape children just as much as their
schools do. Immigrant families often
powerfully demonstrate this – as the
story of the new Home Secretary, Sajid
Javid, hints. This son of a Lancashire
bus driver of Pakistani heritage is not
the only one in his family to excel. One
of his brothers is a property developer
and another is Chief Superintendent
of West Midlands Police. None of them
went to private school. So what – apart
from aspirational, forceful parenting –
could be the common denominator?
I look at my own story, too. In
Africa, the Ibo Nigerians are mocked
as penny-pinching shopkeepers.
Indeed, all the time I was focusing
on my schooling at St Paul’s, I could
see my dad in my peripheral vision,
keeping his card store open until
11pm to pay the fees. The sense of
responsibility made me work. And,
even if it was just by osmosis, I must
have absorbed some of the ambition of
FOLLOW Sherelle
Jacobs on Twitter
a man who went from being a 16-yearold orphaned soldier in the Biafran
war to graduating from Durham
University; and one who built a family
business in this country from scratch
to give his three children the best start
in life.
Immigrants aren’t intrinsically more
hard-working than the English. My
mother’s family are grafters. My white
ancestors literally worked themselves
to death in coal pits. But sometimes I
wonder if immigrants are more willing
to believe in silly dreams that to many
just seem out of reach; and more zealous
about getting their children ahead.
That would, if you extended Ms
Greening’s logic, put immigrants
at an unfair advantage, of course.
Perhaps she feels that employers
should also probe candidates about
their family backgrounds and discount
those with pushy parents, citing
unfair advantage?
That would be preposterous.
Instead, we need better schools for
all, and more hard-working, optimistic
family values. The extraordinary story
of the Home Secretary is a reminder
of what determined, loving parents
can help their children to achieve.
We don’t need to punish Etonians for
their privileges. But we do need more
families like the Javids.
The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 May 2018
Letters to the Editor
A sensible border
solution is achievable
n her Mansion House speech six weeks ago,
setting out the Government’s rebooted
Brexit policy, Theresa May outlined two
options for customs arrangements to deliver
the commitment to a “frictionless border”
between the UK and the EU in Ireland and at
the Channel ports.
One involves the UK mirroring the EU’s
requirements for imports from the rest of the
world, applying the same tariffs and rules of origin
as the EU for those goods arriving in the UK and
intended for the EU. The second would require a
joint agreement to implement a range of measures
to minimise frictions to trade and simplify
arrangements for moving goods across the border.
Goods moving between the UK and the rest of the
world would be allowed to travel through the EU
without paying EU duties and vice versa. So-called
trusted trader schemes and advanced IT solutions
would be deployed so that vehicles do not need to
stop at the border. Both of these options have so far
been rejected by EU negotiators; but the Cabinet’s
Brexit committee will today seek an agreement
around one of them.
The idea of the UK effectively acting as the EU’s
external frontier and collecting its tariffs is seen as
a non-starter by Tory Brexiteers. They say it is
complex, would take years to introduce and would
destroy the UK’s chances of obtaining free trade
deals because third countries would have to pay
EU-level tariffs and then try to prove the goods
ended up on the UK market.
The second option, however, would require
technological infrastructure, such as cameras, and
would not entirely eliminate the need for checks at
the UK-EU frontier in Ireland. This is seen as failing
to meet the pledge not to introduce a “hard border”.
There is a danger of a crisis being triggered by a
definitional misunderstanding. A border has
existed between Ireland and Northern Ireland for
nearly 100 years and the sort of infrastructure
needed to enforce the second option would not
constitute a “hard” border in most people’s books.
Some sort of unobtrusive and light-touch
infrastructure will inevitably be needed to monitor
the arrangements, but this should not be an
obstacle to agreement.
Michel Barnier this week said Britain had to
come up with “fresh thinking” to avoid the talks
collapsing. But if all sides took a sensible and
pragmatic approach a solution should be
eminently achievable.
Peers out of line
he House of Lords has been taking chunks
out of the EU Withdrawal Bill during its final
stages in the upper chamber. The
Government has suffered seven defeats at the
hands of peers over matters ranging from the
exercise of ministerial powers to the implications
of a rejection of the final Brexit deal by MPs.
Some irritated Brexiteers have denounced the
temerity of these unelected peers in seeking to
thwart “the will of the people” and demanded the
reform of the Upper House or even its abolition.
They have some cause to regard the Lords as
unrepresentative of the political balance in the
country. The Opposition has a majority in the
Upper House, with 296 Lib Dems and Labour peers
to 248 Tories, with the balance held by
crossbenchers. It is unsurprising that the
Government has been defeated, not least when 20
or so Conservatives voted against it.
The job of the Lords is to act as a revising
chamber to improve legislation, not to thwart the
wishes of the Commons. Most peers know this
because scores of them have served as MPs. Any
amendments they make can be overturned by the
Commons. If peers continue to insist upon
changes, the Government can use the Parliament
Act to override their objections. But this would
delay legislation for a year; and in the case of Brexit
would clearly be an attempt to wreck the process.
There are suspicions that Remainers in the
Commons are colluding with peers to engineer a
political crisis over Brexit. The Lords have a
legitimate fiunction to perform in our bicameral
democracy; but they must be careful not to
overstep the mark, lest there be demands for it to
become unicameral.
Legal tender glances
s it counts the days to the royal wedding, a
fortnight on Saturday, the nation must
wonder how best to commemorate it. At the
tasteful end of the souvenir market the Royal Mint
offers a £5 coin (prices starting at £13), promising it
will help buyers “capture the moment Prince Harry
and Meghan say ‘I do’ ” (even if, during the marriage
service, they actually say “I will”). But there they
are, on a cupro-nickel disc 1.52 inches across, a
living likeness for hearts loyal enough to make it
out, he stubble-chinned, she clutching an arm with
steely grip. “The pair can be seen looking lovingly
into each other’s eyes,” says the Royal Mint
helpfully, though the glance is hard to pin down
numismatically. And should possessors ever tire of
this memorial token, the coin “can be exchanged for
goods or services at main Post Office branches”.
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Telegraph Letters
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Interpreters betrayed
SIR – Ruth Dudley Edwards’s timely
article (Comment, May 1), coupled with
the Lords’ vote to block any “no deal”
Brexit outcome, show just what the
Government is up against, as it tries to
implement the referendum vote.
As in any negotiation, Britain had to
make clear its willingness to walk
away at any point. Its position was
then undermined by the Treasury’s
well-flagged unwillingness even to
prepare for such an outcome. Nor,
probably, was it much helped by Keir
Starmer’s naive insistence that, if
Labour took over, it would never walk
away but simply keep talking.
No doubt to its amazement, the EU
was thus put on notice that this was no
negotiation at all: that, whereas Britain
might have had the better opening
negotiating hand, its ace had been
wilfully thrown away.
Perhaps one should not expect
better from the Lords, but it is still
startling that it too offers support to
the EU negotiators, by confirming that
the Government’s hands are tied.
We have been told that Brexit means
SIR – As the new Home Secretary
rights the wrongs endured by the
Windrush generation, I call upon him
to redress the harm caused to another
group caught up in the “hostile
immigration environment” – namely
our former Afghan interpreters.
For a minority of the interpreters
– some 600 out of 2,600 – a
“resettlement scheme” was offered;
but they were only given five-year
visas, and had no automatic right to
bring their families over, unless they
came immediately.
For some interpreters, those five
years come to an end next year, and
the Home Office will not tell them
whether their visas will be renewed –
a wicked game to play with men of
such honour. This uncertainty also
limits their employment prospects,
despite their excellent English and
understanding of our culture.
However, access to the resettlement
scheme was arbitrarily limited to
those who had served for a year, in
Helmand, between December 19 2011
and December 19 2012. There was no
rhyme or reason to those criteria
beyond effectively excluding the
majority (2,000) of our former
interpreters – thus achieving the goal
of limiting immigration.
Credible reporting by the UN and
others has documented the fate of
those left behind – some driven from
their homes by the Taliban, some
murdered, and some forced to become
refugees and asylum-seekers.
This is a shameful way to treat those
who served with our service
personnel, shared their risks and now,
precisely because of their service, are
unable to “hide in plain sight” in
Afghanistan – the usual advice they
are given by our embassy in Kabul.
Sajid Javid promises better for the
Windrush generation; let him do the
same for our Afghan interpreters too.
Col Simon Diggins (retd)
Rickmansworth, Hertfordshire
“taking back control”. If we actually
do, then, once on our own, we shall
need to find leaders who understand
how the world really works.
Gordon Bonnyman
Frant, East Sussex
SIR – The House of Lords is a revising
chamber, not a wrecking chamber. It
has no right to thwart the will of the
people. If the Lords don’t understand
that, they must be abolished.
Bernard Gallivan
SIR – An unelected body instinctively
acts to protect unelected bureaucrats.
Didn’t Viscount Hailsham, who put
forward the amendment to the EU
Withdrawal Bill, once charge the
taxpayer for the cleaning of his moat?
Mark Robbins
Bruton, Somerset
SIR – A majority voted Leave and any
idea that Remainers can cheat this
majority out of their victory will, in my
opinion, result in civil unrest at the
very least and the collapse of
democracy at worst.
Adrian Johnston
Rugby, Warwickshire
SIR – The arch-Remainer combo of
Theresa May and Philip Hammond is
determined to sell us out with this “EU
Mark 2” idea. Of all ideas – yet another
that Michel Barnier will bat to one side
– this is the most ridiculous. It would
make the UK an EU vassal state.
Brian Curd
St Ives, Dorset
SIR – How can Mr Barnier live with his
own rhetoric? “No matter how big or
small a country is in the EU, we stand
by each other through thick and thin,”
he says.
Why do Germans pay less than
Polish consumers of Russian gas? Why
is such high unemployment (youth
unemployment particularly) tolerated
in Spain, Portugal, Italy and Greece?
So much for all being in it together.
Simon McIlroy
Croydon, Surrey
Timely funerals
SIR – May I offer sincere condolences
to Anne Griffin (Letters, May 1) on the
loss of her husband. May she only
know joyous events in the future.
But she misunderstands the dispute
with Mary Hassell, the senior coroner
for inner north London. Nobody ever
asked Ms Hassell to prioritise dealing
with Jewish and Muslim deaths over
those of everybody else. She was only
asked to take proper account of every
family’s wishes and requirements.
The point is, as the courts have now
agreed, that her policy of operating a
“cab rank” system failed to distinguish
between those families that were
planning funerals several weeks in the
future and those that wanted a funeral
sooner, whether for religious reasons,
in the case of Jews and Muslims, or for
any other reasons, as, for example, in
the case of Mrs Griffin’s late husband.
Had Mr Griffin died with Ms
Hassell’s policy in force, it is actually
more likely that it would have been
impossible to hold his funeral before
Christmas in accordance with the
family’s wishes, than under the more
enlightened systems used by many
other coroners up and down the
country where specific family wishes
are given proper consideration.
Brian Gedalla
London N3
Wonderland targets
SIR – When is a target not a target?
According to a former immigration
minister it is when the Home Office
has an “ambition” to increase the
removal of illegal immigrants by the
defined amount of 10 per cent.
How much further is it down the
rabbit hole, as Alice might have asked?
Sir John Nutting QC
London W1
established 1855
The Lords follow the Treasury in throwing away Britain’s Brexit ace
Ford Madox Brown’s portrait of Henry and Millicent Fawcett (1872)
Repairing Salisbury’s memorial to a suffragist
sir – The unveiling of the muchpraised statue of Dame Millicent
Fawcett (report, April 25) means
that a husband and wife have now
been publicly commemorated in the
same way for the first time outside
the Royal family.
Henry Fawcett, Liberal MP from
1865 until his early death in 1884,
was excluded from the Cabinet
solely on account of his blindness, as
Gladstone told him apologetically.
There are statues of him in
Victoria Embankment Gardens
(a short distance from his wife’s in
Parliament Square) and in the centre
of Salisbury, his birthplace, where
he spoke powerfully in support of
women’s suffrage in the company
of his devoted spouse.
The Salisbury statue is badly in
need of cleaning and repair. In view
of the couple’s unique statuary
achievement, should not restoration
work be set in hand in Salisbury,
where tourism needs a boost in
the aftermath of the nerve poison
Lord Lexden
London SW1
Day of the knotweed
SIR – I don’t like to worry John
Brandon (Letters, April 28) about the
spread of knotweed, but seawater only
did for the triffids in the inferior film
version of John Wyndham’s novel. In
the book, they continued to flourish.
Roy Freeman
Tunbridge Wells, Kent
Light programme
SIR – Never mind the possible link
between LED lighting and disease
(Letters, May 1), my complaint is that
my digital radio will not work at night
under this lighting.
Peter Jordan
Pinner, Middlesex
Will Sainsbury’s and Asda keep all stores open?
SIR – Sainsbury’s and Asda assure us
there will be no store closures. Really?
Close to us, we have a large Asda store
opposite an equally large Sainsbury’s
store at a busy roundabout.
Obviously one of the two will close.
John Tilsiter
Radlett, Hertfordshire
SIR – Stephen Edwards (Letters, May 1)
asks what Sainsbury’s customers will
make of this “socially downmarket”
merger. I think it could be good news
for Waitrose, provided its shelves are
better stocked than they currently are.
Jane O’Nions
Sevenoaks, Kent
SIR – I am not so sure this merger
should be regarded as a downmarket
Despite vociferous protests that
there was no demand for a German
supermarket in Guildford, I now have
difficulty getting into its car park for
all the Mercedes, BMWs and Range
Stephen Askew
Woking, Surrey
SIR – For the sake of social inclusion,
what I really want to see is the merger
of Waitrose and Lidl.
Guy Bargery
Law of banking
SIR – John Snook (Letters, April 30)
discusses the poor service he has
received from various banks.
After many years of dealing with
banks – in business as well as
privately, and in many countries – I
have developed an iron law of
banking: no matter how bad the bank
you are using is, the bank you move to
will be worse.
On this basis, I am afraid that there
is no hope for Mr Snook in his quest to
find a better bank.
Roger Clark
Christchurch, New Zealand
About face
SIR – Mik Shaw (Letters, May 1) says
many of his students didn’t
understand the words clockwise and
Every day, Alan Turing used to ask
his co-workers at GCHQ a riddle. One
morning he asked: “Which way does a
clock go?”
“Clockwise,” came the chorus.
“Not if you’re the clock,” said he.
Keith Chadbourn
Over Compton, Dorset
SIR – Curious clock faces (Letters,
May 1) are not unusual and not, of
course, confined to churches.
My grandchildren were never
confused by this kitchen clock, which
sums up
attitude to
whatever is
thrown at
Hugh Ogus
Iran is not the only danger – Isil is still a terror force
The uncovering of Tehran’s
nuclear secrets must not let
us believe rogue states are
the sole threat to peace
ran’s decades-long insistence that
its nuclear intentions are entirely
peaceful is starting to wear a bit
thin following the daring raid by
Israeli agents that resulted in them
stealing the crown jewels of Tehran’s
nuclear programme. For those of us
who have followed the Iran nuclear
brief closely over many years, the
dramatic revelations made by Israeli
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu
have an all-too-familiar ring of truth
about them.
The essence of Mr Netanyahu’s case
is that, soon after signing the 2015
nuclear deal, the Iranians collected all
the relevant paperwork relating to its
clandestine nuclear weapons
programme and stored it in a
top-secret location in the Shorabad
district of Tehran. Only a very small
number of Iranians knew the precise
whereabouts of the storage facility, but
this did not prevent Israel’s Mossad
intelligence agency from discovering
its location. Then, in the course of a
single night, the Israelis succeeded in
removing half a tonne of documents, a
feat hailed by Mr Netanyahu as one of
his country’s “biggest ever intelligence
Of course the naysayers, like our
own Foreign Office, who want to
preserve the flawed deal at all costs,
are already trying to play down the
significance of the Israeli discovery,
claiming it is nothing more than a
stunt by Mr Netanyahu to persuade
the Trump administration to end
Washington’s support for the nuclear
agreement when it comes up for
renewal on May 12. Leading the
charge, somewhat predictably, was
Federica Mogherini, the EU’s foreign
affairs chief, who said the Israeli
claims did “not put into question”
Tehran’s compliance with the deal.
And yet, what no one seems to be
challenging is the claim that the
Iranians did have this cache of
top-secret material squirrelled away in
a nondescript suburb of Tehran.
Moreover, such conduct on the part
of the Iranians is entirely in keeping
with the obsessive secrecy that has
defined their approach ever since they
first began work on developing
nuclear weapons, which most
intelligence specialists agree was some
time after the end of the Iran-Iraq war
in the Nineties.
How else do you explain the
construction of the underground
Natanz uranium enrichment plant that
Iran built in total secrecy in the Nineties
until its existence was eventually
exposed by opposition activists?
Behaviour like this explains why
doubts have been raised about
Tehran’s commitment to the nuclear
deal, concerns that are likely to
deepen in the wake of the latest Israeli
If, as seems increasingly likely, the
Trump administration does decide to
walk away from the deal next week, a
number of other factors, quite apart
from Iran’s failure to make a full and
unequivocal disclosure on its nuclear
activities, will inform the decision.
The Trump administration makes
no secret of its assessment that Iran is
the world’s leading state sponsor of
terrorism, a view that has hardened
following the dramatic expansion of
Tehran’s military involvement in Arab
countries such as Yemen, Iraq and
Syria. In particular, Iran’s multi-billion
dollar investment in the Assad regime
has allowed it to build a network of
military bases in Syria equipped with
thousands of missiles, a development
that has generated a great deal of
alarm in neighbouring Israel.
Iran’s military take-over of Syria,
moreover, will allow Tehran to
increase its support for terrorist
organisations like Hizbollah, which
controls most of southern Lebanon, a
development that Western leaders
should view with alarm.
Since the defeat of the Islamic State
of Iraq and the Levant (Isil) at the end
of last year, there has been a growing
tendency to regard Islamist terrorism
as a fading threat, with rogue states
like Russia, North Korea and Iran seen
as being likely sources of future
conflict. But while it is important that
we prepare ourselves for the
possibility of state-on-state
confrontation, it would also be
foolhardy to discount completely the
threat posed by Islamist terror cells.
The devastating series of Isilsponsored terror attacks in Afghanistan
this week graphically demonstrates
that, while Isil may have been defeated
on the battlefield, it has lost none of its
appetite for committing acts of carnage.
The same goes for other, like-minded
Islamist groups such as Hizbollah and
Hamas, which have, for years, been the
beneficiaries of Iranian largesse.
Islamist terror groups are always on
the look-out for new opportunities to
target their enemies, and a decision by
the Trump administration to cut its
ties with the nuclear deal might
prompt them to launch a new wave of
terror attacks against the West and
countries viewed as its allies in the
region, such as Israel.
It is unlikely, though, that Mr
Trump will be swayed by concerns
that ending the nuclear deal will spark
an escalation in Iranian-sponsored
terrorism. On the contrary,
Washington will view this threat as
further evidence that it is high time
Tehran is held to account for its
actions, whether it is building nuclear
weapons or sponsoring terrorism.
FOLLOW Con Coughlin on Twitter
@concoughlin;
Wednesday 2 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Puzzles, mind games and Telegraph Toughie
Puzzles Test your wits with our famous crosswords
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your favourite
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The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 May 2018
Allison Pearson
When did raising
a family become
a luxury? Page 25
Look out,
Kate – you’ve
now got a
As Princess Charlotte turns
three today, Maria Lally says the
terrible twos have nothing on
your child’s ‘first adolescence’
hie Hill
Meett the
the way we
Page 24
Real-life ‘Missing’
Who abducted
Katrice Lee? Page 26
Under assault
Women are getting
the blame for TV
violence Page 27
hen Princess
turned to give a
wave to the
waiting crowds on
her way to meet her new baby brother
last week, like the rest of the world,
my heart melted a little.
But I also smiled in recognition.
Because I have my own little princess
(more the Disney dress-clad kind than
the real thing, but still…), so I know
only too well how three-year-old girls
can be equal parts sweet and
exasperating, only too sure of their
cuteness and place in the world.
My daughter Rosie, now aged four,
and her seven-year-old sister Sophia
before her, were both typical
“threenagers”, which the Urban
Dictionary defines as a three-year-old
with the attitude of a teenager. It’s not
for nothing the threes are often
referred to by child
psychologists as the first
adolescence and the Duke and
Duchess of Cambridge should
brace themselves.
“I call this stage the attack of
the ‘I can do its’,” says Dr
Elizabeth Kilbey, a child
psychologist and expert on
Channel 4’s The Secret Life of 4 &
5-year-olds. “Parents often
prepare for the terrible twos,
but they’re nothing compared
to the threes and fours.
“Two-year-olds are actually a
little easier, as their tantrums are
typically borne out of frustration
because they’re unable to express
themselves. By the time children
get to three, however, they think,
in their minds at least, they’re fully
independent beings and they bowl
into everything with unwavering
Hence, says Dr Kilbey,
Charlotte’s confident turn on the
steps of the Lindo Wing. “Threeyear-olds often sound and act older
than they really are, engaging in
full-blown conversations with their
parents, but despite huge leaps in
verbal and cognitive ability, they still
have no sense of their own limitations,
safety, time or reality.”
Which explains why Princess
Charlotte may be deep into what is
also known to the rest of us as the
Cute and confident:
as the middle child
turning three
today, Princess
Charlotte can use
her cuteness to her
advantage, as she
did on the steps of
the Lindo Wing,
left, on an official
visit to Poland and
Germany, below,
and on her first day
at nursery, bottom
“princess phase” – when they decide
to wear a creased, slightly too small,
polyester Disney princess dress to a
formal wedding. Or even a tutu and
flip-flops to a 2k Junior Park Run.
Shoes have to be glittery, hair bands
sparkly and jewellery as jangly as it is
The advice of Kathryn Mewes, a
former Norland nanny and author of
The Three Day Nanny, is to pick your
battles: “Three is a particularly tricky
age and you’ll need to decide what
they can be in charge of, and what
you can be in charge of.”
Kathryn says this newfound need
for independence comes from
starting nursery or pre-school,
which most British children do at
two and a half. “When they get to
three, they start to take notice of the
authority figures such as teachers or
nursery assistants, and girls in
particular start to re-enact that
authority at home and try to take
control in the areas they can.
“For example, clothes can become
a particular battleground for parents
of girls. I have a two-year-old
daughter who insists on wearing
princess dresses and deely-bopper
headbands, so I speak with some
experience on this.
“Girls tend to watch their mothers
experiment with clothes – wearing
jeans one day, dresses the next –
wearing make-up and doing their
hair, and they’ll emulate this.”
So what can parents do with their
threenagers? “First, explain things to
them to help them feel in control,”
says Kathryn. “Tell them where
they’re going, what they’ll be eating
and what they need to wear, in
“Secondly, give them choices – but
not too many. That way they feel in
control, but you’re giving them
options that are weather – and
situation – appropriate. But there’s
always a little give and take and on
days beginning with T, my daughters
can wear their princess dresses if they
want to. As a parent you have to be
one step ahead of your three- or
four-year-old, otherwise they will try
to outwit you.”
Dr Kilbey says that Charlotte’s
newfound place as the middle child
may mean her threenager
ttraits will be dialled up even
more. “Much is spoken about
tthe overlooked middle-child
ssyndrome, the position
Charlotte now finds herself in.
Nothing a middle child does is
novel because their older
ssibling has got there first, and
tthey no longer get the special
dispensation handed out to the
youngest. So they often
behave in a way that will get
them noticed – which means
they may be either a little
naughty – or cute.”
Which is perhaps Charlotte’s
“She has an edge in being
th only girl sandwiched between
ttwo boys, and she’ll learn to use
tthis to her advantage,” says Dr
Kilbey. My own daughter’s take
on this theory includes a heartm
melting dimple, ringlets and a
sslightly more high-pitched than
usual baby voice she’ll often use
when she’s trying to get her own
way (usually with my husband
aand her grandparents).
As the youngest girl in my own
family who spent years using similar
tactics, I see right through this and
ignore it – while quietly bracing
myself for the time my tiny
threenager becomes a full-blown
teenager and battles over princess
dresses will seem like a breeze…
Wednesday 2 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph
When it comes to our wardrobes, mothers
– and grandmothers – know best. Our
editors share the familial tips they dress by
Lisa Armstrong – Two
words: classic and quality
My mother’s the least vain woman I
know. She’d rather have good food in
the fridge than fashion statements in
her wardrobe. My three sisters take
after her. But I loved clothes from
the get-go.
The more I trawl through old
family photos, the more I appreciate
her style, part Natalie Wood part Ali
MacGraw. There’s the photograph of
her with my second
sister, aged a few
months, and me, aged
around two (right).
My mother’s in a navy
bouclé dress, with a
top-handled bag…
we’re by the swings
and she’s dressed like
Jackie Kennedy.
She’s never been
one for gazing in the
mirror or agonising
over what to put on.
I begged her to wear
make-up like other
school mothers but
it wasn’t her thing.
She was, however,
scrupulous about
looking after her skin.
For my 12th birthday,
she gave me a Boots
cleanser, toner and
moisturiser – a lifelong
morning and evening ritual was born.
Perhaps the Seventies, my father’s
wildly fluctuating finances and moving
to deepest Dorset got in the way of my
mother and the wardrobe she’d have
liked. Not that she complained. But
when she remarried, it was in Yves
Saint Laurent. That’s quite telling.
And then there was the Christian Dior
teal dress. Unfathomably, it had a CD
monogram on the breast pocket – we
teased her because it made her look
as though she worked
fo a bank. One time
sshe wore it to nip into
the one and only local
department store and
sshe was mistaken for the
manager. We never let
her live it down. Showy
dressing wasn’t part of
tthe family pact.
Maybe that’s why she
has a tendency to grab
tthe collar of whatever
II’m wearing to peer at
tthe label – a habit that
used to drive me mad
((I probably felt guilty
aabout my extravagance)
but I now find funny.
Her fashion splurges
occurred once a
decade – and I’d always
borrow them. She has
classic taste, an eye for
quality and heightened
aantennae when it
Charlie Gowans-Eglinton –
Only buy what you love
Many mornings, on opening my
wardrobe, I envy those women with a
personal uniform. I long to be someone
with a rotating wardrobe of navy, grey
and white staples in cashmere and silk,
all of which go together and can be
made into stylish, understated outfits
in a few minutes.
Instead, a shantung silk Mao jacket
jostles for space on the rail between a
leopard print ponyskin coat and a pink
brocade duster. There are lots
of silk blouses, but red,
and yellow ones,
with flowers,
and stripes. None
o them much go with
a of the bottom halves
o the shelf below.
“Do you love it?” my
(left) has always
me on shopping
Not “What does it
g with?” or “Where will
y wear it?” or “Do
you really need it?” Just, invariably:
“Do you love it?”
As a 10-year-old on Australia’s
east coast, Mum rebelled against the
strictures of an all-girls convent school
uniform with magazine dress patterns
and her sewing machine: she’d rush
home and change into a muumuu she’d
made from a bedsheet, dyed pink, and
tie raffia daisies around her ankles. At
university in the Seventies, she’d go
to lectures barefoot: perhaps she just
couldn’t find shoes she really loved.
These days, meeting up for a walk on
the heath at the weekend could mean a
pink leather jacket, a polka dot blouse,
small round sunglasses or gobstoppersized amber and turquoise rings.
Her advice is the reason my column
in these pages is called The Passion
Shopper. Sometimes it’s a short-lived
fling, though not because I fall out
of love – beloved summer dresses
literally come apart at the seams; a pair
of Camilla Elphick silver ankle boots
peeled free of their sole after nearconstant wear through snow and sleet.
Joy-bringing pieces liven up my day
more than a classic ever could, so I live
in them until they fall to pieces.
I inherited my mum’s face, love of
red wine, and tendency to come home
with yellow shoes when I went out
to buy black. The black pair might
be more useful – but would I really
love them?
Krissy Turner –
Invest in classics
My mother and I have dressed similarly
for as far back as I can remember; we
recently turned up for a shopping trip
in chunky knits, identical Topshop
jeans and Zara ankle boots. But my
grandmother (pictured opposite, top
The style
advice we’ve
comes to the ridiculous. I often think
of my mother when I’m watching a
particularly “challenging” catwalk
show, which is handy, because she’s a
Daily Telegraph reader.
Find a shape
that suits – and
fits – and skirts
can become a
workwear staple
A-line skirt, £180
Asymmetric skirt, £55, Studio
by Preen (
Splatter print skirt, £120
I live in trousers
at the office
ce but
feel that my
wardrobe needss a
refresh and, deep
breath, a skirt.
Where should I
The first
grown-up skirt
I ever bought
was a Prada black
wool pencil skirtt
from a charity shop
in Newcastle for the
almighty sum off
£85, a purchase well
beyond my budget.
I was so proud off
my find and I wore
it often at the start
en I
of my career when
was trying to be taken
seriously. However,
bly on
it rode up horribly
the hips and would
swing around the
waist, unravelling
whatever I had neatly
r. I spent
tucked in earlier.
most of the time selfing
consciously pulling
the skirt back down,
completely defeating
the purpose.
To avoid the same,
finding the rightt style
ant –
and fit is important
rts are
once you do, skirts
an excellent
workwear staple.
Hem length will
depend on how you
feel about your legs.
I hate my knees (a
pretty common
issue) but I’m happy
with my ankles, so
anything from
below the knee to
ankle is my sweet
spot. I’m partial
to A-line skirts ass
they’re flattering
Check skirt,
Pleated skirt, £455, Rokh
for m
my pearfigur as long as I
shaped figure
tuck the top h
half in: as a
general rule, tops look best
tucked in or at
a least fitted
at the waist to balance out
the proportions.
A tailored
blazer, the more
fitted the
better and not
no too long in
the body, also works well
over skirts to emphasise
the waist (or create the
illusion of on
Don’t feel tthat you need
to stick to bla
black and navy. A
print, like Jigsaw’s
print or Hugo Boss’s check,
will look good
goo with a crisp
white shirt or a simple navy
knit. Preen’s excellent
collection for Debenhams
includes a striped
skirt with the perfect
amount of flip. If you
prefer block colours then
try to keep everything
tonal to avoid looking too
corporate, for example a
khaki skirt with a cream
As for shoes, the
shorter the skirt the lower
the heel. A mid-length
looks great with a court
shoe heel and an elegant
but chunky loafer
balances out anything
above the knee.
To ask Isabel Spearman
your workwear questions,
email isabel.spearman or
follow her on Instagram
The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 May 2018
Caroline Leaper –
Don’t wear silly shoes
Most of the fashion advice that my
mother (right) has given over the years
has had a practical slant: “Always check
the composition label before buying
something” or “It’s fine to machinewash most things if you do it cold and
in a pillowcase”, etc. Her absolute
favourite, though (best dispensed as
I’d totter precariously out
the door as a teenager) has
always been “don’t wear silly
In my mind,
unfortunately, this
particular gem conflicts
with another piece of style
advice that I have always
liked better; to pick things
that are different to the
norm, that catch your eye,
and that make your heart
sing. My sum of these parts (or the
way I had always added them up, at
least) means that I have forever been
someone who will defiantly suffer on
in killer heels – neon, jewel encrusted,
ankle-strapped, you name it – on the
understanding that, at some point,
Like mother, like
daughter: Jerry
Hall, main, with her
model daughters,
Elizabeth, far left,
and Georgia May
Jagger, who have
followed in her
looking at their exciting colours and
textures when they were inanimate
objects in the box had made me happy.
After years of twisted ankles,
crushed toes, grass sinkings and so
on, I have finally concluded that my
mother does know best on this one. I
obviously needed to learn it the hard
way, but now I’m consciously retiring
the skyscrapers in favour of my new
kitten heels and fancy flats that are just
as occasion-worthy.
Her point, I understand now, is that
when you feel comfortable, you look
comfortable. This summer, I won’t be
standing on the sidelines tending to
blisters, or doing a naff shoe change
into flip flops – I’ll be joining her on the
dance floor and having a better time
for it.
Dressing for
a relaxing
weekend in
the country
on the bed, arranged into
outfits. This way I avoid
over-packing. I might also
make a list of what to wear
when, if it is to be a long
weekend. I doubt most
people go to this trouble
but they are probably more
organised than I am.
n invitation
There is often a dinner
for a country party one evening that
weekend is
will require something
always a
smart but not too formal
casual” seems
nce you
to appear
regularly on
have put the wellies
today). A
oof in
and a waterproof
vis to the farmers’
the boot, whatt to
on Saturday
pack is the challenge.
ould be
Weekends should
be proposed, a
about taking a
after Sunday
break – and that
perhaps, and
means what you
wear as much as
at a neighbour’s
what you do. Iff you
If you do need
work then chances
to invest in countryare you spend most
appropriate labels
of your time in
without wanting to
go down the tweed
tailored clothes,
and headscarf
sober colours and
route, then good
shoes that pinch.
to look at for
A weekend in
attractive, smarter
the country –
casual clothes
Tasselled loafer, £195
or anywhere
( include J by
else – means
Jasper Conran
a chance to relax and
at Debenhams, Bruce
escape from all that. You
Oldfield at John Lewis,
can bring out items you
Winser London, Jaeger,
feel relaxed in and enjoy
Jigsaw, Whistles and Toast,
wearing, with possibly
among others.
a dash more colour. It
I don’t like rules about
doesn’t mean breaking
what to wear when,
ut the trackies – they
but outside a city
ould be confined
environment it
to your own four
is better to be
alls. Here are
comfortable. This
me suggestions
doesn’t mean
as to what to wear
looking frumpy,
forr a weekend in
far from it: it
e country, even
means looking
if you live in the
great but at the
untry yourself.
same time not
When I pack
attracting too much
ay my
I lay
for the
Whenever I read about a woman whose
mother raised her not to leave the
house without matching her handbag
to her shoes, I think of the spectrum of
fashion messages I absorbed from my
First, my mother: a make-upeschewing, short-haired, sensible
psychologist, alternately bemused and
horrified by her daughter’s insistence
on wearing only dresses, even on
muddy-play day at nursery.
That I would “grow up”
tto be a fashion journalist
sstill strikes her as a cosmic
jjoke. Fretting over what to
wear to an interview early
iin my career, she would
ssay, “Emily, they won’t be
llooking at you. Just wear
black.” A useful reminder,
maybe, but sometimes you
want to be noticed – for
tthe right reasons.
Then there’s my maternal
grandmother (above, with Emily),
whose walk-in wardrobe in Miami was
a cave of sequins and boas – which she
was happy to share for ice cream runs
and other outings. There was no such
thing as being overdressed in Marsha’s
colourful world – and if you were,
then everyone else should try harder,
shouldn’t they?
Finally, my most stylish aunt: a
high-powered advertising executive
who introduced me to the concept of
pointed stilettos. Working in her office
one summer, she sent me to a nearby
boutique to pick up a £500 suit. It was
cream with black pinstripes, fitted,
with flared trousers. She told me: “Just
have them throw it in the shopping
bag,” and I was horrified, certain she
should wait for the tissue paper.
Her point was that clothes – whether
expensive, utilitarian or fantastical
– are for wearing. Not for cosseting
in tissue and saving for best. It’s
something I think about whenever I
wear a printed silk midi-dress or gold
tasselled shoes to work on an average
Wednesday. I might get some looks on
the Tube, but at least they’re looking. If
you ask me, it’s for all the right reasons.
Easy ways to tweak
your summer
beauty routine
Madison crepe top, £185
Tweed jacket, £129
wrong reasons. Extremes
like very tight trousers, too
short skirts and very low
necklines after a certain age
don’t necessarily work well.
I always pack a couple of
pairs of trousers, possibly
jeans or chinos and a
smarter pair in gabardine.
You might prefer to wear
skirts, in which case, this
season I would suggest a
dress or mid-calf pleated
skirt for smart wear and a
cotton twill or denim one
for that country ramble.
Start at Uniqlo, M&S, Zara
and Mango for these. Juliet
Dunn is a great source of
decorative tunic tops, as is
Monsoon. A knitted jacket
from Brora or the White
Company is a good idea
in case of a change in the
weather. I also always pack
a dress (which I hope won’t
need ironing), and evening
There are
three key
to freshen
up your
some rather smart products on the
market that feel – and have the look of
– your regular moisturiser, but with an
added boost of SPF factor 30 or 50.
My current favourite suncare brand
is Heliocare. Its 360 Airgel SPF 50+,
(£28, is dispensed like
a hair mousse (hear me out) but leaves
a sheer, moisturised film of protection
on the skin. This innovative texture
is a total triumph for all skin types.
It also has a slightly tacky texture,
similar to that of a primer (which
any make-up artist will tell you is the
secret to long-lasting make-up). Avène
and La Roche-Posay are two other
excellent, reliable brands best known
for their sophisticated, well-priced sun
protection. As for summer make-up
tweaks, there’s a quick switch in
Chinos, £69
Save your blushes:
look your best
when the warm
weather comes by
adjusting your
Switch up your make-up bag and maybe summer will
actually arrive. Beauty director Sonia Haria has faith
’m a firm believer in the
principle that as soon as the
season changes, so should
your make-up and skincare.
Admittedly the weather still
leaves quite a lot to be desired,
especially now that it’s May, but
that doesn’t mean we shouldn’t stay
hopeful for some sunshine. There’s a
certain flush to the cheeks that comes
with a little optimism.
There are three key changes
which will freshen up your make-up
routine for the (in theory) warm
months ahead. First, and probably
unsurprisingly, switch to a moisturiser
with added broad-spectrum sun
protection. If the thought of slathering
a thick sun lotion on your face every
day fills you with dread, there are
Shirt dress, £55.20, J by Jasper
Conran (
Emily Cronin –
Don’t save things for best
right) has a ladylike look that
is the antithesis of our laidback vibe, which is why I’ve
always been obsessed with
it. She’d regularly pick me up
from primary school with a
fresh auburn curly perm and
immaculate nails (as a result,
I always have painted nails).
I’d then sit in her living room leafing
through dozens of her catalogues,
being careful not to move the slips of
paper she’d left next to the pieces she
planned to buy while I’d stick Post-it
notes on the things I liked.
Fast-forward 15 years and when I
bought my first designer handbag, she
cooed alongside me, reassuring me that
I’d wear it all the time and confirming it
was a wise buy.
While she’s dismayed when I throw
an expensive pair of jeans into our
regular family charity collection (“They
weren’t worth the money in the first
place”), she stands by the investments
I’ve made in accessories. She nodded
in approval when I showcased a pair of
Jimmy Choo patent flats I’d bought at a
sample sale – “Look at the sole, they’re
very well made and your feet stopped
growing years ago so you can wear
them forever.”
She was the first woman I know to
speak of a “Fashion formula”. Rather
than waste time and money on clothes
she’s not comfortable in, she sticks to
a modest aesthetic – “My teachers in
Ireland were nuns” – pairing coloured
jersey T-shirts with expertly matched
printed skirts, worn with sandals for
the warmer months then cashmere and
boots for winter.
Evenings out call for a few outfit
enhancers; she’ll simply throw on
some pearls, her favourite pinky-beige
lipstick and a smart wool coat, the
lapels peppered with gold brooches.
�nna �arvey
imeless �tyle
base that makes a big difference.
Rather than applying foundation –
which usually leaves a heavier, matte
finish along with evening out the
complexion – try using just a concealer
and bronzer instead.
Conceal wherever you feel you need
coverage (under the eyes, redness
around the nose, and any blemishes
you may have) but leave as much skin
free of make-up as you can. Instead,
add a little warmth to the skin with
a bronzer. The mere mention of
bronzer strikes fear in many women,
understandably, but I feel there are
two conditions for a good bronzer
for women over 30 – choose a matte
shade in a sheer cream formula. The
best by far is Chanel’s classic Soleil Tan
De Chanel, (£40, which
comes in a satisfyingly large tub that
lasts for months and months. Apply
it with your fingers or a big synthetic
blusher brush on areas where you’d
trousers and a top, to give
myself a choice when the
moment for decisionmaking comes.
Having packed the
wellies (mine are very
old but brilliantly
comfortable Chameau),
you need a pair of flat
day shoes and a more
glamorous pair for the
evening, medium or
flat heels (vertiginous
heels do not work in the
country as a general rule
and are an example of
drawing the wrong kind
of attention to yourself,
unless you are young
enough to carry them
off) and perhaps a small
clutch bag.
It might also be a good
idea to pack a pair of
warm pyjamas, since we
all know what nights in
cold houses can be like.
naturally tan – tops of your cheeks,
temples and down the bridge of
your nose. It’s a one-shade suitsall modern bronzer that deserves
a place in every make-up bag this
summer. The concealer-bronzer
trick epitomises summer beauty to
me. It’s about skin looking like skin,
just better.
Next, try switching from powder
textures to gel formulas where you
can. This applies to lips, cheeks, lids
and brows. The beauty of gels is that
in cosmetics they typically “stain”
the skin with long-lasting colour, and
they leave a grown-up sheen when
For a pop of colour, I love The
Body Shop’s bargain Lip & Cheek
Stains (£8, which
come in a few flattering shades. The
product leaves a semi-transparent
flush of colour that is easy to build.
Smile and dab the product on to
the chubbiest part of the cheek,
and for lips, just layer on until you
reach the desired depth of colour.
With my brows, I often reach for the
Arch Brow Volumising Fibre Gel by
Hourglass (£22, hourglasscosmetics.
com) which is easy-peasy to apply
and fills the brows naturally without
the telltale matte look of a pencil.
Finally, for the all-important
eye make-up, a wash of Charlotte
Tilbury’s Eyes to Mesmerise gelcream eyeshadow in the taupegold shade Marie Antoinette (£22, is just enough
to enhance the eyes for a pretty, fresh
look. The hint of sparkle within the
cream catches the sunlight (that is,
when it finally appears) beautifully.
Wednesday 2 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Sophie Hills
says the bar for
convenience is
rising all the
time, with
Threads Styling
finding a global
customer base
The woman changing the
way we shop for luxury
Sophie Hill tells Bethan Holt how she uses social media
to take luxury fashion to time-pressed customers
et’s imagine you’re
searching for the perfect
dress for a summer
wedding. In fact, most
of us probably are
right now. The default
approach might once have been to
dedicate a day to scouring the shops
or spending evenings giving yourself
RSI from scrolling through endless
pages of options on websites. But
Sophie Hill, the founder of Threads
Styling, is on a mission to bring those
of us with money to spend into her
brave – and ultra-convenient – new
world of “luxury social commerce”.
Threads barely even has a website,
but instead does all its business
through Instagram, WhatsApp,
Snapchat and, in China, WeChat.
Thanks to Hill’s crack team of personal
shoppers, there is no tiresome typing
of even a “www.” Instead, you simply
peruse Threads’ Instagram Stories
(mini videos that appear for 24 hours
on the app), which show Dior gowns
being twirled in, Rolex watches touted
on wrists or Malone Souliers kitten
heels being slipped into, and then
swipe through to buy on whichever
messaging service is convenient to you.
If it isn’t showcasing exactly what
you want, or never knew you needed,
via its social media channels then you
can send screen grabs and photos, or
brief personal shoppers, and they’ll do
the rest of the hard work for you. They
then learn what you love and send
more recommendations. The majority
of Threads’ customers are high-net-
worth millennial and
Gen Z fashion devotees who
require multiple wardrobes
for lives that involve flitting from
skiing to sun to city in a matter of
days. The company’s average order
value is $3,343 (£2,455), while the
most expensive item ever purchased
through the service came in at almost
$1 million.
“I think the element of ivory-tower
mentality in fashion has really started
to change,” says 35-year-old Hill,
sitting in her ultra-modern working
space in Shoreditch. Gone are the days
of feeling intimidated by designer
shopping; for Hill and her team,
customers are “community” and “real
people”. In effect, Threads aims to be
your super-stylish, in-the-know friend
who always has
just the thing and
will go to the ends
of the earth to
secure it for you.
“The bar for convenience is ever
increasing. What the consumer
expects today is a given tomorrow, any
blockers along the journey are quite
frustrating,” adds Hill, who has the
polished fashion-businesswoman look
down pat in a flared Proenza Schouler
midi skirt, black cashmere knit and
Céline pumps. Her two phones are
never far from her fingertips and her
hands jangle with Cartier and Van
Cleef bangles and rings by
While Hill is clearly most
keen to talk up her young,
wealthy customers
who can’t get enough
of Elie Saab gowns
and Balenciaga Triple
S trainers, the Threads
proposition has helped
plenty of people with more
targeted style dilemmas, too.
“I’d had an operation and really
didn’t feel like going round lots of
bridal stores trying things on, but
needed a wedding dress as it was late
May and I was getting married in
mid-August,” says stylist and fashion
editor Georgina Lucas. “I found a
Maticevski dress I loved the look of
online but couldn’t find it anywhere. A
friend recommended I try Threads so I
Whatsapped a picture to them and told
them the size I was looking for. Within
four hours they had replied saying
they’d found it in my size, how much
it was, the returns policy and their
finding fee, which was about 10 per
cent [Threads also takes commission
from brands]. I still have no idea how
they tracked it down but it arrived via
courier and fitted perfectly.”
Threads’ super-connected,
conveniencedemanding customers
have also converted
their parents and older
relatives to the joys of
quick and easy luxury
shopping. “Millennials
are the most influential
generation and the
impact which they can
have on their parents
is huge,” Hill marvels.
“Research has shown
that they influence
holidays, fashion and event choices,
so they’re naturally pulling them into
their world. Even the fact that a lot of
parents have moved to Instagram so
that they can stay in touch with family
shows it’s definitely not a platform just
f the young.”
Hill, who is from Sheffield
started Threads
i the early 2010s. She
h studied sociology and
policy at Leeds before
in a series of buying
a merchandising roles
a Arcadia. Her initial idea
w to service the needs of
coming to London
o Paris to shop.
“Very quickly, we were
after several clients
in London. I hired a team and within
weeks we realised it wasn’t about
them being here, it was about them
being anywhere.”
Now Threads works with
“superpower” brands such as Dolce
& Gabbana, Fendi and Dior, and
offers services across streetwear and
contemporary labels such as Alexander
Wang through to couture evening
wear. The Middle East is a major focus
while the Far East is the next growth
area. But as Hill stresses, “the location
isn’t relevant to the customer because
it’s truly international. We can get
pieces from anywhere in the
world and deliver them
Threads, which is part
of Tech City’s Future
Fifty businesses and
has more than doubled
sales on average in the
last four years, currently
has a 60-strong team
but is recruiting for 80
more roles. Of course,
in order to bring her
vision to revolutionise
the shopping experience
to life, Hill had to raise
capital. The company
doesn’t speak about
exact figures but to be
part of Future Fifty, gross revenue for
the past 12 months must be at least
£5 million. Most recently, investment
has come from Horizons Ventures
but she has become savvy along the
way to the challenges facing female
“I think it’s definitely harder when
you’re selling something which is
for a female consumer, but there
definitely been
I think
more can and
be done
t support female
“Venture firms
a moving in the
direction, there
been a lot more
in the past
and there’s an
there’s an incredible landscape of
female entrepreneurs with great
ideas out there.”
Hill’s latest focus is tapping into
the transformation in how we buy
jewellery, whereby traditional
maisons such as Boucheron and
Chopard sit alongside modern labels
including Foundrae and Suzanne
Kalan, and women shop for pieces
because they work for real life,
rather than waiting for a loved one
to buy them something for a special
“We see ourselves as building the
number one global destination for
fine jewellery. Social media allows
for a very modern yet informal way
of actually seeing how something
should be worn and can be styled.”
She has recruited Sophie Quy, who
used to head up jewellery buying
at Net-a-Porter (several of Hill’s big
hires have come from the original
purveyor of online luxury fashion),
to head up the new division, and
she’s already been busy.
“We launched Amrapali last week
after noticing our clients wanted
more one-of-a-kind pieces,” says
Quy. “We are also launching Brooke
Gregson this weekend, the perfect
layering brand – a trend our women
love – in time for summer.”
Life as a fashion entrepreneur is
not for the faint-hearted. Hill rises
a 5.30am each day,
a few times a
and has moved
door to the office.
S doesn’t get home
these days but
h parents come down
a visit once a month.
“It’s really busy,”
s says with a
of excitement
with panic.
T hectic schedule
mean she’s
to worrying
where she’s
to shop now
Phoebe Philo has
left Céline. But, as the consummate
styling professional, she of course
has a solution: “I’m loving Blazé
Milano’s jackets, I can see myself
wearing them for years to come.”
The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 May 2018
llison �earson
t the beauty salon, I
was chatting to two
therapists I’ve got to
know really well about
their hopes and plans.
Saving for a deposit on a
house was the primary consideration.
Marriage and children could wait. They
would be lucky, the girls laughed, if
they could afford a place big enough
for a baby by the time they were 33.
Then, and only then, would they
“start trying”.
Gently, I suggested that you really
didn’t need something called a
“nursery” before you got pregnant.
My mother, who was 24 when she
gave birth, took me home from the
maternity hospital to her mother-inlaw’s council house. They washed me
in a pink plastic bath in front of the fire.
“Babies don’t know any different. All
they need is your love,” I encouraged.
The young women exchanged
despairing glances. “It’s all changed
now,” one explained. “Even if you can
afford a place, there’s the childcare on
top. That’s a fortune.”
“Don’t see how Matt and me will ever
be able to afford it,” the other sighed.
“But you’d be a fantastic mum,” I
insisted. And I was right. She would be.
Twenty-nine-year-old Katie is exactly
the kind of warm, capable person we
need to be raising this nation’s young.
But Katie and the other girls in the
salon find themselves at a point in
history where the stay-home mother
has become an endangered species
and motherhood itself is increasingly
regarded as some kind of costly
optional extra. Remarkable figures just
published by the Institute for Fiscal
Studies reveal a seismic social change.
The IFS found that only half of mothers
aged between 25 and 54 were in work
in 1975. By 2015, 72 per cent went back
to work, leaving others to change their
babies’ nappies and rock them to sleep.
Invariably, we are invited to
cheer these great leaps forward for
womankind. Even the Conservative
Party, long-time guardian of family
values, has started boasting that it has
got “more women than ever before
into work!” Pausing for a moment to
hear a small inner voice that whispers
“But what about the children?”
makes you a party-pooper, a deluded
dinosaur hankering after the dark
days when wives were tethered to the
twin-tub and had to ask husbands for
I get that, I really do. And with
my feminist hat on, I’m delighted
by the long overdue expansion of
opportunities for my sex. Still, that
small voice again. What about the
children? It’s not just the infants
dropped at childminders that I worry
about. It’s young women like Katie.
They have a job they like well enough,
sure, but it hardly compares to the
immense satisfaction and lifelong joy of
raising a wonderful human being.
Behind those IFS statistics, there
are remarkable ordinary women like
our former nanny, Sam. When she
had her own first child, Sam planned
to go straight back to work. She and
her plasterer husband had little
choice if they wanted to go on paying
the mortgage. That was before Sam
checked out the local nursery and was
appalled by the bovine girls mooching
about in the galley kitchen making
coffee while the toddlers either ran riot
in the next room or sat dull-eyed in a
corner. Sam decided she could not look
after some rich woman’s kids while
leaving her own in the care of low-paid,
poorly educated nursery workers.
With a lot of sacrifices, they could on
her husband’s wage manage (only just,
mind you…) the luxury of having one
parent at home.
This is the sad state of affairs in 2018.
A mother looking after her own small
children is considered a luxury, even
though, in survey after survey, most
women – the poor unenlightened
things! – say they would prefer to be at
home in the early years. They’re caught
in a trap. As successive governments
encouraged mothers out to work, the
more couples could pay for a house and
property prices rose.
The share of working-age mothers
with a job has risen by a staggering
50 per cent in the past four decades.
This has probably been the single
biggest contributor to the growth of
GDP. On the train the other day, I sat
opposite a woman who was feeding
lunch to her daughter. As she moved
spoon towards mouth, the mother
named each vegetable, incorporating
those simple words into more complex
sentences, which her child echoed. I
told the woman that her daughter was
beautiful – “and it’s great to see such a
good mum”.
It really was. We don’t yet know
the price society will pay for making
it practically impossible for mothers
to look after their own children.
Anecdotal evidence is building that
things are amiss. Two teachers that I
know talk of pupils who are five, six,
even seven and are still not pottytrained. There’s increased aggression,
lack of basic table manners, an
alarming growth in speech problems
that simply weren’t there 30 years ago.
I find I’m hesitating as I write this.
Working mothers feel enough guilt as
it is. Many do an amazing double-shift,
holding down the office job their father
did while retaining their mother’s
domestic responsibilities. We deserve
a bloody medal, quite frankly. The fact
remains that professional middle-class
women like me, who can afford decent
childcare, have established a template
which has been copied by (or imposed
on) women like Katie, who will struggle
to ever afford an adequate substitute
for their own mothering. They
postpone motherhood until their 30s
in order to afford a small house, and if
they run into fertility problems, as so
many do, they can’t begin to afford the
IVF enjoyed by the celebrity mums of
twins in the glossy magazines.
I’m struggling to see this as progress.
Are we really happy that possibly
the world’s most vital job is now
subcontracted to inferior substitutes to
satisfy a demand for national growth?
That’s not female liberation, it’s
economic servitude.
Motherhood needs to be properly
valued; there is nothing more
productive than love, nor as damaging
as its absence. I thank my lucky stars
that my mum stayed at home with me
when I was small. Even in quite poor
circumstances, she gave me the richest
of starts. When my own daughter
was tiny and I was careering (in both
senses) between office and home,
I told myself that I was a good role
model for her. Maybe she didn’t want
a role model. Maybe she would have
preferred her mummy.
Tough choices:
Sarah Jessica
Parker in I Don’t
Know How She
Does It
When did bringing
up baby become a
rich woman’s luxury?
Sajid Javid’s biggest
danger? Diane Abbott
ome bizarre things have
happened lately, but we
may have reached peak
surreality this week when Diane
Abbott lectured a Conservative
government on competence.
That’s the shadow home
secretary who said an additional
10,000 police officers would
cost £300,000 a year. (And I
thought my maths was bad.) She
made the most of Amber Rudd’s
resignation, calling for a “more
considerate” immigration policy.
More considerate to whom?
Piers Morgan on Good Morning
Britain couldn’t get Diane to say
if she would deport illegal
immigrants. He asked her very
politely, six times.
Allow me to help Diane out.
Labour’s immigration policy is
as follows: let in millions of
people within a short period,
causing huge pressure on
overwhelmed public services.
Then go on national TV and rant
about our NHS and schools
being “broken” by the Tories. If
anyone dares to point out that
the population is predicted to
rise in the next 25 years from
64.5 million to 74.3 million, with
more than two thirds of that
increase due to migration, just
hiss “Racist!”
Someone really needs to get a
grip and we can only hope Sajid
Javid is that person. I like the
look of him. His childhood home
was a two-bedroom flat above a
shop that he shared with his
mum and dad and four brothers.
In the fallout from Windrush,
the new Home Secretary should
not hurry to abandon targets for
clamping down on illegal
immigration. The truth is there
is nothing wrong with targets,
just quite a lot wrong with
human nature. Presented with a
target, there will always be
people who will take the easiest
path to hitting it. Thus, certain
schools have told pupils to drop
subjects where they may not
perform well enough (for the
target, not the child).
Given a target of boosting
rape convictions, rather a lot of
police officers found themselves
suddenly unable to read text
messages or emails, especially
those providing inconvenient
proof that the “victim” had been
a willing participant.
Disgracefully, the
Immigration Service adopted
the same warped approach to
the Windrush generation.
Charged with providing a
“hostile environment” for illegal
immigrants, officers found it
more congenial to go after
Jamaican grandmothers who
insisted they were British
citizens (because they were)
than organised criminals from
Eastern Europe.
It is that callous bureaucratic
mentality that needs to be
challenged, not the targets.
Saj must also focus his energy
on the biggest danger of all. I
think I speak for everyone here:
whatever you do, man, don’t let
Diane Abbott become home
If the Lords
help to derail
Brexit, I’m
afraid it’s war
Read more
A clean-eating diet is the thin end of the wedge
news from
where Ms
Markle seems to
have put the
man she calls
Haz on a diet.
The Prince who,
when he was a
soldier, was
famous for
existing on
Kentucky Fried
Chicken, is
enrolled in a
programme. He
has already lost
at least half a
stone thanks to
juicing, cutting
out carbs and
replacing them
with quinoa.
Harry probably
thought quinoa
was a Hawaiian
hula dancer
before he met
his fiancée.
The poor chap
has given up
smoking, now he
is “being
weaned off
Slim chance:
Ms Markle has
reportedly put her
fiancé on a diet
ahead of their
wedding day
meat”. Yikes.
There’ll be
nothing left of
him. Does
Meghan not
appreciate that a
well-cut military
uniform has a
slimming effect?
If she doesn’t
want her groom
to resemble a
Biro refill, I
action be taken
There’s a
McDonald’s just
across the road
from Kensington
Palace, Megz.
Haz will explain
to you what a
Big Tasty Extra
Bacon with
Dippers is,
honey. Loads
of protein,
n the past, I’ve always defended the
House of Lords. A chamber
composed mainly of older people
who cast an experienced, world-weary
eye on passing events while exerting a
mild restraining influence on a
brasher, younger House of Commons
is definitely eccentric. Well, not any
more. Peers voted by a majority of 91
on Monday to give Parliament a
decisive say on the outcome of the
final Brexit negotiations.
The amendment was deliberately
designed to stop Brexit. It sets up
impossible deadlines which Remainers
know the Government can’t possibly
meet. If it misses just one of those
deadlines that would give the
Commons the power to dictate the
Government’s policy on Brexit.
We would be sitting ducks for the
Brussels’ marksmen. Michel Barnier
would know that the Prime Minister
no longer had any control. The
Commons could direct the
Government to postpone Article 50
indefinitely until a) the UK doesn’t
leave, or b) we leave on such bad
terms, we are still effectively in the EU.
Watching the debate, I was
absolutely disgusted. Who were these
unelected toads dripping with
condescension for the British people?
Lord Bilimoria actually said that
Parliament knows what is “in the best
interests of the people and the
country”. No, mate, you are the
servants and we are the masters. Hard
to compute in your ermine-lined ivory
tower, I know, but the clue is in the
word “democracy”.
When the amendment gets to the
Commons, Theresa May should tell the
Tory rebels: “This is a matter of
confidence. I can’t have my hands tied
in this way.” If the rebels have got any
sense (debatable), they will vote with
the Government, and the Lords if they
have any sense (doubly debatable), will
accept the Commons’ verdict. If they
don’t, then I’m afraid it’s war. The
British People vs Parliament. I’m
looking for a tank on eBay. Do they
really think we will be told we voted
the wrong way by an elite no one
voted for at all?
Wednesday 2 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph
‘I’ve kept
hoping she’ll
come home’
‘My heart
went into
my mouth
… and it
feels like
it is still
n October 2016, nearly
four decades after the
disappearance of his own
daughter, Richard Lee turned
on his television to watch
the second series of the BBC
fictional crime drama, The Missing.
He had no prior knowledge of
the series and says he had not been
consulted by the programmemakers, but watched dumbfounded
as a plot unfolded bearing cruel
symmetry to the real-life story that
devastated his own family.
On November 28 1981, Katrice
Lee went missing on her second
birthday from a Navy, Army and Air
Force Institutes (NAAFI) shopping
complex in Schloss Neuhaus,
Paderborn, West Germany, near to
the British garrison where Richard
was posted as a staff sergeant with
the 15/19 King’s Royal Hussars.
The Missing begins similarly, with
a young girl disappearing from a
British Army garrison in Germany.
But in the programme, the girl – or at
least someone purporting to be her
– returns to her anguished parents
after an absence spanning 10 years.
Art may mirror real life to a point,
but for the Lee family there has been
no such closure.
Richard, who is 68 and nowadays
lives in Hartlepool, says even
today he remains in the same state
of agonised disbelief as when he
first discovered his daughter was
missing. “My heart went into my
mouth,” he says. “And it feels like it
is still there today.”
This week, the Royal Military
Police (RMP) will commence a
major search of the area near to
where Katrice vanished. Around
100 soldiers will comb the banks of
the River Alme during a five-week
forensic excavation. At the same time,
an e-fit image has been produced of
a man reportedly seen at the NAAFI
supermarket holding a child similar
to Katrice who was spotted in a green
saloon car near to the river following
her disappearance.
It has taken nearly four decades
for the family to get to this point, and
in the Nineties, Richard and his wife
Sharon (with whom he has another
daughter, Natasha) divorced, in part
because of the strain. Like many
parents of the missing, Richard and
his ex-wife cling on to the possibility
that against all odds Katrice may still
be alive. He believes his daughter
may have been snatched and sold for
profit to a childless couple.
“I have never lost my hope,” he
says. “These past years have been
like walking down a dark tunnel
just feeling the walls. There is a tiny
light at the end, but it hasn’t yet
diminished.” Lee joined the King’s
Almost 40 years after Katrice Lee vanished
on her second birthday, her father tells
Joe Shute a breakthrough may be coming
Royal Hussars as a boy soldier in
1967 and by the time he was posted
to Paderborn had already served
in Northern Ireland. Sharon was
pregnant with Katrice at the time,
while Natasha had been born five
years previously.
Like her parents, she has
campaigned tirelessly throughout
her life for answers as to her sister’s
disappearance. Compared to the
Mystery: Katrice
Lee was last seen
on her second
birthday in 1981 in
Germany. Top right,
her mother Sharon
Lee at her home in
Gosport. Left, a
scene from BBC
drama The Missing
constant violence of Northern Ireland,
Paderborn was considered a more
relaxed posting. The Lee family lived
in military accommodation away
from the main barracks in a complex
of homes nicknamed “Legoland” for
their blocky architecture.
Richard Lee had just returned from
an exercise and the garrison of around
2,000 soldiers was beginning to
disband for Christmas leave. Sharon’s
sister, Wendy, and her husband, Cliff,
were visiting that day for Katrice’s
birthday party, which was planned
that afternoon.
Lee recalls his daughter as “very
forthright and intelligent” and a
“daddy’s girl”, with a smile that still
causes him to choke up whenever it
springs into his mind.
They had already bought Katrice’s
toys but needed to visit the NAAFI to
stock up on a few extra party supplies.
Richard drove them down in his
Austin Allegro estate and dropped
Sharon, Wendy and Katrice off while
he attempted to find a parking space.
He waited outside, but after a while
“realised something wasn’t right”. He
then walked into the shop and saw his
wife in tears in the manager’s office.
Katrice – who was wearing red
wellies, a turquoise duffel coat and
tartan dress – had vanished in the busy
supermarket when Sharon left her
with Wendy near the checkout after
returning to get some crisps.
The initial investigation led by the
Royal Military Police focused on the
theory that Katrice had fallen into the
River Lippe, which is a tributary of the
Alme. Lee describes the investigation
as a “complete and utter sham”, and
says the family were shrugged off and
lied to by those in command.
Statements from shop staff were
not taken for weeks while details of
an eye condition Katrice suffered and
could have helped identify her were
not passed on. He says it felt as if the
regiment was closing ranks around
him. “In the immediate aftermath, you
would have thought my family had
cancer,” he recalls. “You would walk
down the street and people would
cross the road.”
Timothy Irish, now 56, was a
trooper with the King’s Royal Hussars
based at Paderborn at the time, and
was in the garrison the day of her
disappearance. He recalls being told
to report to the guard room with his
fellow troops, and informed they
were to be loaded up on to Bedford
trucks to help search for a little girl
who had gone missing.
“I can remember being waistdeep in the side of a lake that the
river feeds into with a rope on a
grappling hook throwing it into the
water and dragging it back,” he says.
“Unfortunately, nothing came up.”
Irish says at no time were they
informed of who they were looking
for and at sundown he was pulled
off the search.
“I believe the more senior ranks
among us knew who it was, but we
didn’t. For us that was it. We didn’t
get told anymore and didn’t hear
anymore. It was almost as if it just got
swept under the carpet.”
Eventually, the Lee family left
Germany without their missing
daughter and the case went cold.
“We just felt incomplete,” Richard
says. “It was such a hard thing to do.”
The Lee family has campaigned
against the Ministry of Defence for
years to see the paperwork relating
to the case, but so far has been
refused on the basis that the case
remains open.
A re-assessment in 2000 led to
the arrest of a former soldier, who
was released without charge. A
Crimewatch appeal in 2012 (and
again in 2017) sparked a flurry of new
information as well as a photofit of
how Katrice may look today. The
latest RMP investigation is backed
by Gavin Williamson, the Defence
Secretary, who has praised the
“courage and dignity of the Lee
family”. While scathing of the early
investigations, Richard – who is
travelling out to Germany tomorrow
– says it now seems as if they are
finally being listened to by the RMP.
Perhaps, he says, over the next few
weeks, he and Sharon will learn of
their daughter’s fate.
But even as they watch soldiers
picking their way along the muddy
riverbank, the agonising hope
remains that one day their daughter
could still come home.
The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 May 2018
An assault on our television screens
Debate: Germaine
Greer, right, claims
women are the
main audience for
sexual violence in
crime dramas such
as The Fall, left
As Germaine Greer
blames women for
the spate of sexual
violence on TV,
Alice Vincent points
out why she is wrong
television,” says Mina. She has had two
of her novels, The Field of Blood and The
Dead Hour, adapted for BBC One, and
expresses dissatisfaction at the process.
“Even if you have a female writer
or director, the narrative forms in
television and film are essentially
male, and the people who control
the money are men. The fallback
position is the male gaze.” Mina cites
an instance during the adaptation of
her novels in which “the discussion
was about how non-fat my fat, female
central character could be, because we
couldn’t have a fat girl on television
being an active lead.”
Contrary to Greer’s comments, crime
drama’s fetishisation of violence against
women has inspired vocal dissent
from women in recent years. Helen
Mirren – known for her long-standing
performance in Prime Suspect – and
he image of the scantily
clad, beautiful female
corpse has become a
well-worn trope on our
screens. Actresses have
long been cast as victims
of violent, often sexual, assault and
murder, with shows ranging from The
Bridge to Game of Thrones picking up
critical acclaim and accolades for such
grisly entertainment.
It’s an issue that has aroused
concern in recent years – in 2013, Allan
Cubitt the writer of BBC Two drama
The Fall (starring Gillian Anderson,
pictured right) was forced to defend his
portrayal of violence against women.
But while many reasons have been
given for the rise of sexual violence
on television and in film, Germaine
Greer has now offered a novel one: that
“female victimisation sells” – and the
main consumers are women. “Who is
watching and reading the proliferating
imagery of female victimhood?” Greer
has written in a column for this week’s
Radio Times, “Women, that’s who.”
These are just the latest controversial
comments by the famous feminist,
and if they were designed to bait the
#MeToo generation of feminists,
they’ve proved effective. On Twitter,
Asia Argento and Rose McGowan,
two of Harvey Weinstein’s most vocal
alleged victims, swiftly criticised Greer,
calling her “a fail and a fraud”.
Is there truth behind her comments?
She builds her theory from claims that
“women make up 60 and 80 per cent
of readers of crime fiction” and that
true crime channels are “principally
watched by women” – although she
offers no such statistics about TV crime
drama, a different beast entirely. Greer
also speciously cites a much-referenced
study from 2008 about how often
women indulge in rape fantasies.
As Greer’s column shows, proving
who watches crime drama – let alone
why – can be tricky. However, what’s
more pertinent, and easier to deduce,
is who is creating the scenes of sexual
violence on our screens. Because even
if women do love watching crime, they
don’t have much choice but to watch
what is created by the men. And it is,
‘It’s not so much that women
enjoy watching sexualised
violence in shows, we’ve all
become desensitised to it’
by and large, men. In 2014, Directors
UK found that less than 10 per cent of
female directors had directed crime
serials between 2011 and 2012. In
the same period, no female directors
worked on major dramas such as
Luther and Being Human. In the US,
women accounted for 28 per cent of all
television creators, directors, writers,
producers and editors in 2016-17.
“It’s not so much that women
enjoy watching sexualised violence
in shows, [it’s that] we’ve all become
desensitised to it,” says Finn Mackay,
feminist author and co-founder of the
Reclaim the Night marches against
sexual violence. “It’s very wrong
and dangerous to blame women [for
watching crime dramas] when they
are under-represented in television
production and the media generally.”
Women do, however, write the lion’s
share of crime novels, according to
crime author Denise Mina – so it’s no
surprise, then, that the portrayal of
women on the page is more nuanced.
The past 30 years have witnessed an
increase in diverse and intriguing
female characters. Authors such as
Mina, Sara Paretsky, Val McDermid and
others have put women at the heart of
crime fiction – and while their novels
will refer to sexual violence, Mina says
it is “much broader and more complex”
than what we see in TV drama. “It’s
not just women being disposed of, but
women investigating sexual violence or
getting through the aftermath of it,” she
says. “It’s not just a screaming woman
with a ripped blouse.”
Mina, author of the Garnethill
crime trilogy, agrees with Greer that
“women are very interested in crime
and crime fiction”, but says it doesn’t
mean they want to see their gender
repeatedly assaulted on television of
an evening. She only hopes that the
kind of progressive stance towards
violence against women shown by her
and her fellow crime novelists will
eventually make it on to our screens. “It
takes a long time to trickle down into
Victim: Julie Hesmondhalgh as Trish
Winterman in Broadchurch
playwright David Hare are among the
high-profile names who have criticised
their own industry’s fascination with
young, female corpses. In 2015, Call
the Midwife’s Jessica Raine admitted:
“I’ve had enough of watching women
get abused.” Other actresses, Doon
Mackichan, Robin Weaver, Polly Kemp
and Claire Cordier, wrote a letter to The
Guardian last year demanding “a year
without rape, violence, dead women on
slabs [on television]”.
Moreover, increased scrutiny has
led to some much-needed sensitivity.
The gratuitous depiction of 50 acts of
rape in five series of Game of Thrones
is a world away from dramas like
Broadchurch or Apple Tree Yard, and
their respective explorations of the
impact of assault on female characters.
But this doesn’t compensate for the
fact that, however sensitively portrayed
rape may be, the extent to which it is
served up as a plot point is exhausting.
In the past year, female characters have
been assaulted in televisual triumphs
including Big Little Lies, Top of the Lake,
Taboo and The Handmaid’s Tale. They
have won awards, but they still rely on
violence towards women in a way that
can sometimes feel exploitative.
Take The Handmaid’s Tale on
Channel 4. Originally a landmark
feminist novel of the same name
by Margaret Atwood, it creates a
dystopian near-future where fertile
women are routinely raped by
powerful men. It’s an artful piece
of television, with deftly handled
rape scenes – but the first season still
included instances of female assault
that felt unnecessarily brutal.
The only benefit of Greer’s
comments is that they remind us of
how far we have to go to reach a stage
where violence is not a cornerstone of
on-screen female narratives. Certainly,
having more women behind the scenes
may help: for instance, Phoebe WallerBridge, who created Fleabag, a series
about a sexually dysfunctional woman
in her 20s that was snapped up by
Amazon after being quietly released
on BBC Three in July 2016. WallerBridge’s latest project, Killing Eve, was
acquired by BBC America and is about
the relationship between a female
MI5 officer and a woman assassin.
It occupies the kind of genre where
female characters would typically get
abused. In Waller-Bridge’s hands, it’s an
off-kilter comedy.
Certainly, the #MeToo campaign
is spurring change – starting in
Hollywood. In January, The Hollywood
Reporter claimed that “studios are
steering clear of sex”, with previously
slated steamy films such as a Hugh
Hefner biopic and James Franco’s film
about a teenage prostitute lingering in
With any luck, this heightened
sensitivity will trickle down to our
small screens, too. Then, Greer’s
argument will be obsolete, rather than
just wrong-headed.
Timely debut on grief and grievances Entertainments
Nine Night
National’s Dorfman Theatre
By Dominic Cavendish
n adieu to the Windrush
generation and a reflection on
the emotional legacy of their
migration to the UK, Nine Night
couldn’t be timelier, given the political
crisis of the past few weeks.
It marks an assured playwriting
debut for actress Natasha Gordon
that would be even more assured
had she pushed past 100 minutes:
we’re just tucking into big themes
of abandonment, dispossession and
belonging when it all comes to a
sudden, supernatural-ish end.
The “nine-night” is a Caribbean
wake tradition entailing a protracted
celebration of the departed,
culminating in a gathering on the ninth
night when the spirit of the deceased is
believed by some to depart. One such
wake is conducted here for muchloved Gloria – who succumbs to cancer
(unseen) upstairs, while her next of kin
fuss about in her kitchen.
Assisted by director Roy Alexander
Weise’s accomplished, authenticfeeling production, Gordon catches
Lively and
resonant despite
its daft tweaks
Eugene Onegin
Theatre Royal Glasgow
By Rupert Christiansen
here’s nothing very complex
about Tchaikovsky’s Eugene
Onegin. It tells a readily
recognised story of adolescent
infatuation and its ironies through
music that wears its heart on its sleeve
– a combination quite rich enough to
satisfy most of us. But to an ambitious
young director like Oliver Mears, such
the expense of tough, familial truth.
Gloria’s dutiful elder daughter Lorraine
(Franc Ashman) skirmishes with her
brusque brother Robert (Oliver AlvinWilson). The latter is indifferent to
his white, uptight wife Sophie (Hattie
Ladbury), in turn estranged from her
racist mother. The belated arrival of
half-sister Trudy (Michelle Greenidge),
the daughter Gloria left behind when
emigrating, unleashes a welter of
long-held resentments and prompts an
outburst about England not wanting
any of them.
A few months ago that might have
sounded melodramatic; right now, it
carries a chilling, shaming force.
HER MAJESTY'S 020 7087 7762
Until May 26. Tickets: 020 7452 3000;
Home truths: the
cast of Nine Night at
National Theatre
well that aching time around the death
of a loved one when those affected
can’t give way to grief: sadness
bubbles away and tempers fray.
We could do with a greater sense
of the local community; this is a
family-only affair. Still, what a family:
imposing herself with a comic
grandeur that demands its own spinoff sitcom is Gloria’s septuagenarian,
sixth-sense-possessing cousin Maggie.
As played by Cecilia Noble, she’s a
joy to watch, sitting clucking quiet
disapproval with stolid regality. On
learning that Gloria’s granddaughter
Anita (Rebekah Murrell) is still breastfeeding her baby at nine months, she
drily observes: “Poor ting must be
longing fi a piece of chicken.”
Warm-hearted humour proves
Gordon’s forte but it’s not delivered at
romantic simplicity is a red rag: he
feels impelled to make his mark by
roughing it up and scumbling its
primary emotional colours.
His big idea for this Scottish Opera
production isn’t particularly original,
nor is it illuminating. An elderly mute
Tatyana (Rosy Sanders) prowls the
stage throughout, wondering
miserably at the follies of her youthful
self: since her clothes suggest the
Sixties and the setting is otherwise
located in the late 19th century, we
must assume that the horrors of the
Russian Revolution have intervened
– except that Tchaikovsky was long
dead when those events occurred and
the opera’s theme is clearly remorse
rather than memory. This mute figure
is only a distraction from the simple
immediacy of the drama.
Mears has cooked up other daft
interpolations as well: Onegin makes
his first appearance astride a
magnificent clip-clopping horse and
later is even more gratuitously
glimpsed standing naked in a bath
(Tatyana’s fantasy? Oh please). More’s
the pity, because in many respects his
direction is quietly sensitive to
character. Natalya Romaniw’s Tatyana
is vocally an interpretation of world
class, ardent in expression and
expansive in phrase; a little less
sulkiness, a little more vulnerability in
the early scenes wouldn’t come amiss.
She is well matched to Samuel Dale
Johnson’s dashingly handsome
Onegin, his manner just the wrong
side of smug and his singing
elegantly polished.
Peter Auty makes a plangent
Lensky, delivering his aria full throttle,
and Sioned Gwen Davies is an
exuberant Olga. Lesser roles are all
crisply taken, and the ad hoc chorus,
singing from behind a scrim, sounds
fervent. The conducting of Scottish
Opera’s music director Stuart
Stratford, expert in the Russian
repertory, renders the score’s deeper
swell as well as its passing delicacies.
Despite outbreaks of directorial
nonsense, this is an Onegin crackling
with vitality.
Until May 5, then touring until May 31.
Tickets (Glasgow): 0844 871 7647;
Oscar Wilde’s
Vaudeville Theatre
Tue-Sat 19.30 | Tue, Thu & Sat 14.30
Extra Matinees Added
0330 333 4814
QUEEN'S 0844 482 5160
Mon-Sat 7.30, Thu & Sat 2.30
Eves 7.30, Mats Wed & Sat 2.30
ST MARTIN'S 020 7836 1443
66th year of Agatha Christie's
Mon-Sat 7:30pm, Mats Tues & Thurs 3 & Sat 4
“Captivating” TIME OUT
Linda Marlowe Patrick Walshe McBride
By Colin Higgins
Directed by Thom Southerland
Wednesday 2 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Court & Social
May 1st
The Duke of York, Patron,
Institution of Civil Engineers, this
morning visited the Cambridge
Centre for Smart Infrastructure
and Construction, James Dyson
Building, Department of
Engineering, University of
Cambridge, Trumpington Street,
Cambridge, and was received by
Her Majesty’s Lord-Lieutenant of
Cambridgeshire (Mrs Julie
His Royal Highness, Honorary
Fellow, Hughes Hall, later opened
Gresham Court at Hughes Hall,
University of Cambridge,
Wollaston Road, Cambridge.
The Duke of York, Patron, the
Entrepreneurship Centre, this
afternoon visited the
Entrepreneurship Centre at
Cambridge Judge Business School,
University of Cambridge,
Trumpington Street.
His Royal Highness afterwards
opened the Simon Sainsbury
Centre, Cambridge Judge Business
The Duke of York, Honorary
Patron, British-Kazakh Society,
this evening held a Reception at St
James’s Palace.
May 1st
The Princess Royal, Chancellor,
the University of Edinburgh, this
morning attended Global Surgery
Presentations at the Chancellor’s
Building, 49 Little France
Crescent, Edinburgh, and was
received by Her Majesty’s
Lord-Lieutenant of the City of
Edinburgh (Councillor Francis
Ross, the Rt Hon the Lord Provost).
Her Royal Highness,
Chancellor, the University of
Edinburgh, later visited the One
Hundred and Fiftieth Anniversary
Celebrations at the School of
Engineering, Sanderson Building,
King’s Buildings, Robert Stevenson
Road, Edinburgh.
Mr C.E.A. White and
Miss V. E. Lockyer
The engagement is announced
between Charlie, son of Colin and
Sue White, of Hudnall Common,
Herts, and Victoria (Bibs),
daughter of the late Clifford and
Lorraine Lockyer, formerly of
Bovingdon, Herts.
Online ref: 553110
Mr O.J.S. Woods and
Miss T.W. Wilmot
The engagement is announced
between Oliver, son of the late
Mr Simon Woods and of Mrs
Christopher Carter, of Child
Okeford, Dorset, and Theodora,
daughter of Mr and Mrs Geoffrey
Wilmot, of Honiton, Devon.
Online ref: 553051
12th/13th (Yorkshire and
Lancashire) Battalion, The
Parachute Regiment, TA
Sir Miles Irving was the principal
guest at a dinner held by officers of
the 12th/13th (Yorkshire and
Lancashire) Battalion, The
Parachute Regiment, TA, last night
at Mere Court, Knutsford. Major
B.A.R. Frost presided.
Senior legal news
Lord Justice McFarlane has been
appointed as the President of the
Family Division from July 28,
2018. This appointment follows
the retirement of Sir James
Munby on July 27, 2018.
The Princess Royal, Chancellor,
the University of Edinburgh, and
Patron, the Royal (Dick) School of
Veterinary Studies, this afternoon
opened the Equine Diagnostic,
Surgical and Critical Care Unit and
the Charnock Bradley Building at
the Royal (Dick) School of
Veterinary Studies, Easter Bush
Campus, Bush Farm Road, Roslin,
and was received by Her Majesty’s
Lord-Lieutenant of Midlothian (Sir
Robert Clerk, Bt).
For more details about the Royal
family, visit
Today’s birthdays
Mr H.J. Foulds, Chairman, Halifax
plc, 1990-99, is 86; Lord Woolf,
Lord Chief Justice, 2000-05, 85;
the Rt Rev Bruce Cameron,
Primus of the Episcopal Church in
Scotland, 2000-06, and Bishop of
Aberdeen and Orkney, 1992-2006,
77; Mr Jacques Rogge, President,
International Olympic Committee,
2001-13, 76; Lord Dulverton 74; Dr
Robert Anderson, Director,
British Museum, 1992-2002, 74;
Mr David Suchet, actor, 72; Sir
James Dyson, Founder, Dyson
Ltd; Chairman, 1992-2010, 71; Prof
John McClure, Chairman, British
Red Cross, 2001-07, 71; Mr Alan
Titchmarsh, horticulturist, writer
and broadcaster, 69; Prof Simon
Gaskell, President and Principal,
Queen Mary, University of London,
2009-17, 68; Baroness Primarolo
64; Ms Carole Souter, Master, St
Cross College, Oxford, 61; Mr
Jimmy White, snooker player, 56;
Mr Brian Lara, former West
Indies cricket captain, 49; Mr
David Beckham, former
footballer; England captain,
2000-06, 43; Mr Zac Purchase,
former rower; Olympic gold
medallist, lightweight double
sculls, Beijing 2008, and silver
medallist London 2012, 32; Mr
James Fox, rower; Paralympic
gold medallist, mixed coxed four,
Rio 2016, 26; Mr Owain Doull,
track cyclist; Olympic gold
medallist, men’s team pursuit, Rio
2016, 25; and Princess Charlotte
of Cambridge, daughter of the
Duke and Duchess of Cambridge,
Today is the anniversary of the
death of Leonardo da Vinci in 1519.
The Duke of Beaufort and
Miss G. Powell
The marriage took place quietly on
Monday, April 30, 2018, at St
Michael and All Angels Church,
Badminton, between the Duke of
Beaufort and Miss Georgia Powell.
The Rev Richard Thomson
Online ref: 553165
in the Clergy
Rev Claire Carson, chapl, St
George’s Hospital, Tooting
(Southwark), to be lead chapl, Royal
Free Hospital (London); Canon
Rosy Fairhurst, can chancellor,
Leicester Cathedral (Leicester), to
be i, St Augustine and St Clement,
Bradford (Leeds); Canon Lee
Francis-Dehqani, tr, Oakham (All
Saints, Ashwell, Braunston, Brooke,
Egleton, Hambleton, Langham,
Market Overton, Teigh and
Whissendine), and rd, Rutland
(Peterborough), to be interim tr,
Fosse team (Leicester); Revv Tony
Ford, i, St Mary, Balderstone
(Manchester), to be p-in-c, St
Mark’s, Barrow-in-Furness
(Carlisle); Steve Gayle, c, St John at
Hackney (London), to be i, St
Michael and all Angels, Stoke
Newington Common (same dio).
Retirements and Resignations
Rev Richard Pringle, v, St Bede,
Newsham (Newcastle), to retire with
effect from June 3; Clive Shaw,
p-in-c, Millom (Carlisle) to retire
with effect from June 30; Andrew
Wadsworth, i, Bognor (Chichester),
has retired.
Mr Andrew Wignal to be chapl, St
Mark’s Academy Trust, Mitcham
Bridge news
Clubs across Scotland, Wales
and Northern Ireland have held
heats of the Celtic Spring Pairs,
writes Julian Pottage, Bridge
Correspondent. Winners of the
Monday and Tuesday sessions are
as follows:
Monday: 1st Jim McDonnell and
Brian Moore (Windsor, Belfast),
74.42%; 2nd Ann Hasson and
Harold Curran (Windsor, Belfast),
73.56%; 3rd Mervyn Carlisle and
Jean Patterson (Dromore, Down),
66.26%; 4th Iain Sime and Julia
Palmer (New Melville, Edinburgh),
65.91%; and 5th Robert Roden
and John Newsnap (Gwent,
Newport), 65.91%. Tuesday: 1st
Tony Ratcliff and Julian Pottage
(Pencoed, Glamorgan), 70.58%; 2nd
George Anderson and Trish Davis
(Cairngorm, Aviemore), 68.55%;
3rd Jake Milne and Liam O’Brien
(Montrose), 66.26%; 4th Maureen
Mowat and Pearl Gill (Aberdeen),
64.98%; and 5th Ricky Serafini
and Mike Scully (Tryst, Falkirk),
BYRTE.—On 25th March 2018, to
Elizabeth (née Boulton) and James, a
son, Charles Hugh Alexander.
Online ref: A223947
POWELL.—Richard Guy, retired
solicitor, died peacefully at home on 18th
April 2018, aged 91 years. Loving brother
of the late Pamela Haynes, much loved
uncle and great uncle. Funeral Service
on Friday 18th May at Leatherhead
Parish Church, at 1.30 p.m. Donations, if
desired, for RNIB can be sent to L.
Hawkins & Sons Ltd., Funeral Directors,
Leatherhead. Tel: 01372 372435.
Online ref: 553167
BARKER.—Pauline Mary died on 19th
April 19th 2018, at the age of 96. "Muv" to
Christopher, Peter, David and Hilary; a
grandmother and a great grandmother.
An extraordinarily kind, thoughtful,
welcoming and altogether wonderful
person who will be missed by everyone
who knew her. Interment of the ashes
will be held at St John the Baptist
Church, Pinner, 11.30 a.m. on 12th May.
No flowers please.
Online ref: A223909
RAMSAY.—Christine Elizabeth (née
Warwick). Widow of David, beloved
mother of Charlotte, Philippa and the
late David devoted and much loved
grandmother and great-grandmother,
died peacefully on 28th April, aged 94.
Funeral 12 noon on Friday 1st June at St
Dunstan’s Church, Monks Risborough
HP27 9JE. No flowers please. Donations
to Blesma.
Online ref: 553134
A great story may always be told simply. We published a few days
ago the brief official note of an act of heroism which will ever claim
a leading place in that long roll of noble deeds of self-sacrifice. It told
of a naval hero, Commander Francis Goodhart, who gave up his life
in an effort to save his comrades imprisoned in a submarine which
had become fast on the bottom in 38ft of water. Placing in his belt a
small tin cylinder with instructions for the rescuers, he went into
the conning tower, determined to allow himself to be shot up to the
surface. But the great adventure miscarried, and the hero paid the
penalty with his life. Those who had the privilege of knowing Commander Goodhart declare that he was as modest as he was brave,
and his fellow-prisoners remember with admiration the coolness
displayed by him when he went forth to take the fraction of a chance.
His last remark was: “If I don’t get up the tin cylinder will.”
The circumstances which called forth this heroism may now
be referred to. A representative of The Daily Telegraph, who
has had an opportunity of conversing with one of the rescued
sailors, writes:
I got a version of the story from one of its central figures in reluctant sentences. One had almost as soon have squeezed water from
a stone, but the big, hard-knit man – an indomitable spirit encased
in a frame of steel – gave me ultimately the grim tale – one of the
grimmest in the annals of the sea.
“We were a goodly company on board that mechanical whale – a
handsome fish, I can assure you – and no man of us even dreamt of
the trick she was to play us, transforming us into Jonahs. She took a
header many fathoms deep, as, indeed, she was intended to do, but
she elected to remain at the bottom far beyond her proper time. The
Book tells us that Jonah – he was alone, too, poor fellow – was in the
belly of the fish three days and three nights. We did not exceed his
record, but ran it close. We were in the belly of our whale, lying
fathoms deep, part of three-days and part of three nights.
Then the smile on the mariner’s face vanished.
“They aged myself and my fellow prisoners by years, I reckon. I’m
told that I was about the last to abandon hope. It’s a small ray that
does not get about my heart – but this time it was pretty pitch-dark.
When the first night of imprisonment passed, and it appeared from
our watches – we had artificial light enough to see the time – that
the dawn of a new day had come with no sign of release; some of the
company threatened to chuck hope. But others of us put as bright a
face on a black outlook as we could, and gave them such cheer as a
waterless and breadless situation would allow. Of course, too, we
had to remember that our air supply was running out.
“Then a great thing happened. Two heroes came forward and
offered to risk all in an attempt to win to the surface. All honour to them! How they did it and at what a cost may be told
later on, but the thing was done, and the outer world was thus
made aware of our terrible plight. That much we realised
when we knew of the presence of divers about our craft.
What a relief! We had been located, practical measures were
being taken for our salvage, and that splendid prospect made
us take in a draught of new life.
“Our ordeal as it turned out was but a young thing as yet, however.
We had still a long way to go. The day dragged through, and when
we entered on the silence and uncertainty of the night, we were a
forlorn enough lot. However, we were given further indications that
the great work of rescue was well in hand. The constant tapping of
the divers outside was a cheering sound, and brought hope to those
of us who, in the steadily increasing stifle of the atmosphere, were
now breathing hard to live.
“But rescue was long delayed, and in the early hours of the
following day most of us wrote our last farewell to our loved
ones – short, tender messages scrawled in pencil – and some
of us made our wills. Then, as if by a miracle, three strong
strands in the ladder of escape came to us from above. We got
air, water, and food, in only the smallest quantities, but just
enough to stir us into new life. That was a godsend as welcome as it was unexpected. And we had not to wait long for
the opening of our prison door. It verges on the miraculous.
When we scrambled into freedom we were a dazed and
shaken lot of men, but I warrant you our hearts were full of
gratitude to God for saving mercies.”
It was left to others to give me fuller details of the impression
caused by the unexpected arrival of the three “strands” in the life
ladder. The first was air – life-giving air – which was forced into
the stifling compartment from above. More than one of the company had lost consciousness, but the effect of the tiny air current
was instantaneous. The senseless men stirred as if in troubled
sleep, and opened their eyes, breathing hard, whilst those of the
company who had stood up to the ordeal with all their senses about
them felt instantly the glorious effect of the air draught.
The second strand was water – fresh, cold water – also forced
down by the splendid salvage party. The quantity was very
small – only a sip to each – but, oh! the refreshment of it! “We
were parched in lip and mouth and throat,” said one of the
prisoners, “and never was a drop of water more welcome.”
The third strand was food, pellets of compressed food.
The salvage party had accomplished almost the impossible. And
this was not their greatest achievement. It was the forcing of a way
of escape for the men after they had been evidently hopelessly
entombed that was the marvel. This miracle of accomplishment
was made possible only by an act of daring which cost one hero his
life, and almost led to the sacrifice of another. Knowing as they did
that the chance of reaching the surface from such a depth offered
only the slenderest chance of success, they determined to lead the
forlorn hope. Could anything save British heroism rise to such
heights as that?
BEAKE.—Carol Margaret, much loved
sister, mother, Grammy, auntie and
friend. Reunited with her beloved Peter
on 16th April. Her Funeral will be held at
St John's church, Meads, Eastbourne.
Friday 18th May at 11:30 a.m. Flowers will
be taken to St Wilfrid's Hospice.
Donations if desired to Save the
Online ref: A223944
BUDENBERG.—Brian Harold Christian,
died peacefully on 28th April 2018 at
home in Lower Peover, aged 91 years.
Very loving husband, friend and
companion to Di (Diana) for 61 years and
wonderful father, father-in-law and
grandfather to Ian and Rosie, Robin and
Jacky, Linda and Simon and his eleven
grandchildren. Service of Celebration
and Thanksgiving at St Oswald’s
Church, Lower Peover at 2.30 p.m. on
Saturday 5th May 2018. All welcome.
Family flowers only. Any donations to
East Cheshire Hospice. All enquiries to
Dodgson’s Funeral Service, Knutsford.
Tel: 01565 634251.
Online ref: 553140
COAD-PRYOR.—Dinah, passed away
peacefully at St. Christopher’s Hospice,
aged 93. Greatly missed by her sister,
Ann, her family and many friends.
Funeral Service for family and close
friends at Beckenham Crematorium at
10.15 a.m., followed by a Thanksgiving
Service at Christ Church Bromley at
11.30 a.m., on 14th May 2018. No flowers
please. Donations, if desired, to London
City Mission may be given at the service
or sent to Francis Chappell & Son,
231 High Street, Bromley, BR1 1NZ.
Tel: 020 8460 1720.
Online ref: 553186
DEACON.—On April 22nd 2018 Joyce
Mary Deacon died aged 95 years.
Daughter of the late Wing Commander
G.R.A. Deacon OBE, MC and the late
Mrs Deacon and sister of the late Tony.
At her request, a private funeral in
Online ref: 553113
FALLA.—Stephen Francis (Steve).
On 29th April 2018 in Guernsey.
Funeral to take place in Guernsey at a
later date. Enquiries to Martels Funeral
Services. Tel: 01481 244788.
Online ref: 553183
GODFREY.—Lois Betty (née Bowden).
On 24th April 2018, aged 86 years.
Suddenly, but at peace. She was much
loved and will be missed by many. A
Service of Thanksgiving will be held at
Leamington Spa Baptist Church CV32
4RN, on Wednesday 23rd May at 11 a.m.
Family flowers only please; donations, if
desired, for Cancer Research
(Birmingham), c/o W.G. Rathbone,
30 Clarendon Avenue, Leamington Spa
CV32 4RY.
Online ref: A223932
HARMER.—Lindsay Joy Massy,
peacefully on 30th April 2018, aged 73,
after a long illness. Much loved wife of
Paul, mother of Tim, and Granny to
Mariella and James. Many thanks to the
staff at the Sue Ryder Hospice at
Leckhampton to which donations may
be made, if desired. Private funeral.
Online ref: A223931
HOFFMAN.—Verena Mary (née Fairs)
died peacefully on 19th April 2018,
aged 71. Much loved mother of
Alexander and grandmother of Evie,
Beatrice and Alice. Survived by her
husband Tom, her son and three
granddaughters. Thanksgiving Service
to be held on 4th June 2018, at 2.30 p.m.,
at All Saints Church, Biddenden, Kent.
Online ref: A223950
LISBY.—Joan Irene. Passed away
peacefully on 25th April, aged 98 years.
Beloved mother, grandmother and
great-grandmother will be sadly missed.
Funeral Service on Thursday 17th May,
Chichester Crematorium, at 2 p.m.
Family flowers only please. Donations, if
desired, to Bloodwise (cheques only
please) c/o Roger Poat & Partners, Duck
Lane, Midhurst, West Sussex, GU29
9DE. Tel: 01730 812094.
Online ref: 553130
MARSLAND.—Robert Edgar. Son of
the late Mr and Mrs E.C. Marsland.
Brother of Valerie, father of James and
Anthony. Private funeral service.
Donations, if desired, for Pedmore
Sporting Club may be sent to Emma
Bouston Funeral Services, 50 High
Street, Bromyard HR7 4AE (01885
Online ref: 553073
McNEILLY.—Esmee McNeilly died
peacefully on 13th April 2018, just short
of her 100th birthday. She lived her long
life with boundless energy, in banking,
sport and most significantly in her many
years of joyfully serving her community
of North Kensington and St Helen's
Church. A surrogate Auntie to so many,
loved by so many. Her Funeral will be
held at St Helen's Church, W10 6LP, on
17th May at 12 noon, followed by a
private cremation. No flowers, but
donations are welcome, in her name, to and memories
may be left at www.
Online ref: 553151
MEDLOCK.—Edna (née Hewitt), passed
away peacefully on 28th April aged 102.
A much loved and devoted wife for 78
years of Ken and loving mother of Jeff,
Andrew and Richard. Lovingly
remembered by their families. Funeral
Service on 21st May at 2.30 p.m. at West
Kirby United Reform Church. All
welcome. No flowers please but
donations to Providence Church, New
Online ref: 553139
PLATH.—Richard Neil, Captain US
Navy (ret'd) peacefully and comfortably
at St Richard’s Hospice, Worcester on
Wednesday 25th April 2018, aged 77.
Beloved husband of Penny, much loved
father of John and Lydia, and adored
grandfather. Cremation and burial of
ashes private. Memorial Service at St
Mary's Church, Wick on Wednesday 4th
July at 2.30 p.m. No flowers. Donations
to St Richard’s Hospice and enquiries to
E Hill and Son. Tel: 01386 552141.
Online ref: 553035
RASKIN.—Audrey Betty, died on 11th
April 2018, aged 95. Family only Funeral
at St Mary Abbots Church, Kensington
on 9th May at 11.15 a.m.
Online ref: A223945
SALUSBURY.—Group Captain David
John, Royal Air Force Regiment, died
peacefully on 21st April, aged 74, in
Kingston Hospital after a short illness.
Dearly beloved husband of Rosemary for
47 years, much loved father of Julian and
Austen, brother of Gwyneth,
father-in-law of Kathleen and Emily, and
grandfather of Lucy, Isabel, Alexander,
Tabitha and Raymond. He will be greatly
missed by his family and many friends.
Funeral Service to be held at St Mark’s
Church, Surbiton, on Wednesday 9th
May at 12.15 p.m. No flowers please but
donations, if desired, in memory of
David to the Friends of Kingston
Hospital or RAF Benevolent Fund c/o
F.W. Paine, 24 Old London Road,
Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, KT2
6QG. Telephone 0208 547 1556.
Online ref: 553108
SMALLEY.—Cdr Bryan Garnet, RD DL
RN, peacefully passed away 18th April
2018 aged 86 years. A Thanksgiving
Service will be held at St Andrew's
Church, Much Hadham, SG10 6HW on
Thursday 17th May at 1.30 p.m. Family
flowers or donations to “Much Hadham
PCC” or “St Elizabeth’s” may be sent c/o
Daniel Robinson & Sons, 79/81 South
Street, Bishops Stortford, CM23 3AL or
via web In Memory Page
Online ref: 553187
SMITH.—Bob (Robert Charles) of
Orpington, passed peacefully away on
8th April 2018 in Somerset. Very much
loved uncle to three generations, many
friends. Service at Ladywell Cemetery,
SE13 7HY on 10th May 2018, at 12 noon.
Bob's chosen charities: GOSH Children's
Charity and The Salvation Army.
Enquiries: 01373 452100.
Online ref: A223912
SMITH.—Dudley Henry Edwin (Major,
RA Retired) peacefully passed away on
Monday 16th April at his home in
Canterbury. He is survived by his loving
daughters Carina (CJ) and Lisa and was
predeceased by his beloved wife,
Marilyn. Funeral Service will be
performed at St Dunstan’s Church,
Canterbury on Wednesday 16th May at
2 p.m. followed by a committal service at
Barham Crematorium at 3.20 p.m.
Donations to Cancer Research UK in lieu
of flowers, which can be made c/o C W
Lyons & Son Ltd, 70 Military Road,
Canterbury, Kent, CT1 1ND.
Tel: 01227 463508.
Online ref: A223946
STEVENS.—Yvonne Joy Stevens (née
Hill) died peacefully on 10th April 2018,
aged 82. Widow of Robert William
Stevens. Much loved mother of Adrian,
Timothy and Sally and grandmother of
Charlie, Kitty, Basil, Barny and Toby.
Her Funeral will take place at st
Nicholas' Church, Chislehurst, Kent,
BR7 5PG, on Tuesday 8th May at
1.30 p.m. Family flowers only but
donations, if desired, to Myeloma UK
c/o. Francis Chappell & Sons, Boundary
Place, Orpington, Kent, BR6 9JW.
Online ref: 553156
SUCKLING.—Suddenly but peacefully
at her home in Steeple Bumpstead on
Friday 16th March 2018, aged 89 years;
Margaret Elizabeth (Peggy) Suckling,
much loved wife of the late John William
Suckling, dearly loved mother of
Jonathan and Lesley, dearest Grandma
of Rebecca and Robert and loving Great
Grandma to Henry and Eliza. Private
cremation followed by a Service of
Thanksgiving at St Mary’s Church,
Steeple Bumpstead on Friday 4th May at
2 p.m. Family flowers only please, but if
wished donations for St Mary’s Church,
Steeple Bumpstead may be sent c/o
H.J. Paintin Ltd, 60 Withersfield Road,
Haverhill, Suffolk, CB9 9HE.
Online ref: 553184
THOMPSON.—"Tommy", retired pilot,
RAF and Britannia Airways, died
peacefully at home on 24th April 2018,
aged 88 years, surrounded by his family,
who were loved by him, as he was much
loved by them. Funeral will be held on
22nd May 2018 at 11.30 a.m. at St Giles
Church, Great Coxwell. No flowers.
Funeral Director Godfrey and Sons,
Stanford in the Vale.
Online ref: 553174
TRUSTING.—Ian Robert Rawson, died
peacefully on 27th April 2018,
surrounded by Annette, Andrew, Robert
and his grandchildren. A Funeral Service
will be held on Tuesday 8th May at
12 noon at All Saints, Odell,
Bedfordshire. Family flowers only.
Donations, if desired to DogsTrust.
Online ref: A223911
WHO OF you by worrying can add a
single hour to your life? Since you
cannot do this very little thing, why do
you worry about the rest?
Luke 12.25-26
WADE.—Charles Colin, died peacefully
at home, aged 69, on Friday 27th April
2018 after a short illness faced with
courage. He will be sadly missed by all
the family; his wife Jemima, children
Daniel and Natasha, son in law Jack,
grandchildren Hugo and Matilda, and
his mother Joan. He will be fondly
remembered by his wide circle of
friends and colleagues in the furniture
trade. Private family funeral. A
celebration of Charles' life to be held on
28th June. Donations, if desired, to
Furniture Trades Benevolent
Association or Marie Curie may be sent
c/o A.W. Lymn The Family Funeral
Service, Robin Hood House, Robin Hood
Street, Nottingham, NG3 1GF.
Tel: 0115 950 5875 or
Online ref: 553182
WICKHAM.—Elizabeth (née Dunn) of
Stoke St Mary, Somerset, peacefully at
home on 27th April 2018, aged 99 years.
Beloved wife to the late Anthony
Wickham, RN, and to her family and
many friends. Funeral Service at St
Michael’s Church, Orchard Portman at
2 p.m. on 14th May (her 100th
birthday). Donations for St Michael’s
Church may be sent to E. White & Son
Ltd., F/D, 138/139 East Reach, Taunton
TA1 3HN.
Online ref: 553170
WOOLLARD.—Antony (Tony) died
peacefully at home on 29th April, aged
83. Wonderful husband to Marise for 58
years. An inspiration to his sons, David
and Bruce, and his grandchildren; Jack,
Tom, Daisy and Edward. Private
cremation, Service of Thanksgiving at St
Andrew's Church, Fontmell Magna,
Shaftesbury on 1st June at 12 noon.
Online ref: A223949
The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 May 2018
Professor Steven Marcus
Sandra Noel
MARCUS, who has died
aged 89, was an American
scholar best known for his
classic bestselling study of
19th-century British
pornography The Other Victorians
(1964), in which he threw much
new light on hitherto obscure
and unmentionable aspects of
Victorian life.
In 1961 Marcus was teaching at
Indiana University when he was
invited by the Kinsey Institute for Sex
Research based there to study the
huge collection of Victorian
pornography contained in its archives.
Marcus had just finished a book about
Charles Dickens and had co-edited
another about the psychoanalyst
Sigmund Freud. As he explained in the
preface to The Other Victorians, while
he had his misgivings about a book on
secret 19th-century sex, he would
“take at least a crack” at what was then
virtually uncharted territory.
In his book, Marcus (then a young
professor of English) explained and
analysed the change from the sexual
frankness and permissiveness of the
18th century to the repression of the
19th, when currents of sensuality and
even violence ran beneath the
respectable surface of Victorian life.
After an exposition of the official
Victorian attitude to sex (“a universal
and virtually incurable scourge”), he
turned his sights on the forbidden
literature of the age – pornographic
novels like The Lustful Turk (1828) and
Randiana (1884), the vast literature of
flagellation, pamphlets on sodomy and
the perceived horrors of self-abuse.
Quoting freely and without
expurgation, he described a murky
world that was “part fantasy, part
nightmare, part hallucination, part
He examined the work of Henry
Spencer Ashbee, the first scholarbibliographer of pornography, and
dwelt at length on the notorious
Victorian million-word erotic epic
My Secret Life. Its author, “Walter” or
Mr X, was an unknown, rich and
abnormally sexed Englishman and a
veteran of more than 1,200 sexual
encounters (“women of 27 Empires,
Kingdoms or Countries”), mostly with
prostitutes, servants or starving
In the end Marcus, who claimed to
be the only modern academic to have
ploughed through all 11 volumes, was
disinclined to support the theory that
Ashbee himself was Mr X.
In 1969, when a Bradford printer,
Arthur Dobson, was charged under
the 1959 Obscene Publications Act for
republishing My Secret Life, Marcus
flew to Britain to testify as an expert
defence witness.
Marcus in 1984. His
work described a
murky world that
was ‘part fantasy,
part nightmare,
part hallucination,
part madhouse’
Pressed at Leeds assizes to agree
that “Walter’s” account of sex with a
10-year-old girl at Vauxhall Gardens
was the most evil passage he had ever
read, Marcus replied that 20th-century
accounts of Nazi concentration camps
or of 13-year-old Victorian chimney
sweeps dying of cancer of the scrotum
were more evil, but no one advocated
suppressing this knowledge. Dobson
was convicted and jailed for two years.
The prosecution also accused
Marcus in The Other Victorians of
harbouring prurient motives for
analysing pornography. In his final
chapter, Marcus likened pornographic
fiction to a utopian fantasy of
abundance, coining the term
“pornotopia” to describe a realm
where “all men … are always and
infinitely potent; all women fecundate
with lust and flow inexhaustibly with
sap or juice or both. Everyone is
always ready for everything.” Within
weeks of publication in Britain in 1966,
The Other Victorians was top of the
bestseller lists, outselling Nancy
Mitford’s portrait of Louis XIV in
The Sun King.
Marcus’s work set off a spate of
19th-century cultural studies and
books by other writers on sexuality,
prostitution, masturbation,
flagellation, sodomy and masochism.
The grandson of Jewish immigrants
from Lithuania, Steven Paul Marcus
was born on December 13 1928 in New
York City. Ten months later his father,
an accountant, lost his job in the Wall
Street crash and had to move his
family to a poor neighbourhood in
the Bronx.
Leaving De Witt Clinton High
School at the age of 15, he won
scholarships to both Columbia
University in New York and
Harvard, but because his
family could not afford to
board him at Harvard,
Steven attended Columbia,
where he studied under
Lionel Trilling, who would
become the pre-eminent
American literary
intellectual of the 1950s.
Marcus continued to live at
home, carrying his lunch to
college in a paper bag.
On graduation, he
enrolled in graduate school
at Columbia, submitting his
master’s thesis on Henry James in 1949.
After teaching at Baruch College and
the universities of North Carolina and
Southern California, in 1952 he was
awarded a fellowship at Cambridge,
where he studied with FR Leavis.
Returning to America in 1954, he
served two years in the US Army
before settling again at Columbia,
where he earned his doctorate. He was
appointed to an assistant professorship
as a faculty colleague of Lionel Trilling
and spent a summer teaching at
Indiana University, where he toured
the Kinsey Institute.
In his first book, Dickens: From
Pickwick to Dombey (1961), Marcus
analysed the first seven of Dickens’s
major novels in their historical and
political context, framing a neat
comparison between England’s two
most protean literary imaginations:
“One of the most instructive things
about Dickens’s development is that,
like Shakespeare, he had an impulse to
begin writing his next work in the
middle of the one he was currently
engaged upon.”
In the same year he collaborated
with Trilling on an abridgement of
Ernest Jones’s The Life and Work of
Sigmund Freud (1961). During the
Vietnam War, Marcus became a
prominent peace campaigner.
In Engels, Manchester and the
Working Class (1974), Marcus charted
the Manchester conurbation’s swift
expansion from 24,000 inhabitants in
1773 to some 400,000 by the 1840s, a
doubling of the population every 16
years. He showed how Friedrich
Engels, sent to Manchester to work in
a branch of his German family firm,
used his capitalist father’s generosity
to popularise and subsidise the ideas
of a young Karl Marx whom he met
there in 1842.
But one British critic wondered
whether the frequent errors of fact
about Manchester implied that Marcus
had never set foot in the city, while
The Sunday Telegraph wished that
Marcus had not written it with so
many “far-fetched classical
One notable aspect of The Other
Victorians was Marcus’s
breezy prose, a feature of
all his books intended for a
general readership. One
scholarly reviewer of his
Representations (1975), a
collection of his reviews
and essays, commended
Marcus’s style for its
“playfulness, wit, zest, and
readability,” in contrast to
the “high seriousness and
arch academicism of most
criticism today”.
In 1988 a paranoid
schizophrenic called Daniel
Price heard Marcus lecture at
Columbia. Afterwards Price inundated
him with messages and posted him a
suicide note. With his colleague
Edward Said, Marcus persuaded Price
to take psychiatric medication, but
Price later sent death threats to both
Marcus and Said, accusing them of
“soul murder”, and in 1994 Marcus
reported that Price had twice used a
baseball bat to shatter windows at the
English Department at Columbia
before being arrested.
In a major reorganisation in 1993,
Marcus was appointed to serve as both
dean of the college and vice-president
for arts and sciences, only to be
restored to his teaching and research
post two years later. As dean, Marcus
had been criticised for being unwilling
to meet students and for not using
email. After being compared in an
editorial in the university newspaper
to a “giant severed penis”, Marcus
resigned citing health reasons.
Steven Marcus’s first marriage, to
Algene Ballif, in 1965, ended in divorce
and the following year he married a
German sociologist, Gertrud Lenzer.
Their son John studied at the Juilliard
school of music and became a violinist.
Professor Steven Marcus, born
December 13 1928, died April 25 2018
Andrew Borowiec
Journalist who wrote a powerful account of his dramatic role as a youngster in the Warsaw Uprising
died aged 89, learnt his first
English in a German prisonerof-war camp when he was 16.
It was October 1944 and his teachers
were captured British medics who had
strayed into enemy hands. They were
treating the wounds he had received
towards the end of the Warsaw
Uprising, trying to keep the Germans
away from the manhole cover that was
the hatch to his next escape route
through the city’s sewers.
Six years later, his English was good
enough for him to talk his way into
Columbia University’s Graduate
School of Journalism in New York.
This, and the French and German he
had learnt as a child, got him a job with
Associated Press, where his byline was
anglicised from Andrjez to Andrew
By 1956 he was part of the agency’s
Paris bureau, from where he covered
wars and revolutions in francophone
former colonies such as Algeria, the
Belgian Congo and Vietnam. He was
last shot at in Croatia at the age of 63.
But other people’s wars, as he called
them, never matched his memories of
growing up in a wartime Poland that,
before Hitler turned on Stalin and
invaded the USSR, was jointly
occupied by Russian and German
troops. He saw his first killing aged 11,
when a Soviet sentry shot a tottering
figure heading for the German zone
across a frozen river. Jews came the
other way. Enemies of the Reich
dangled from roadside gibbets;
intermittent gunfire sounded night
and day as, despite horrendous
reprisals, Poles continued to resist.
A generation for whom the Nazis
forbade education beyond 14 attended
clandestine classrooms, and it was at
one of these that an older boy
recruited Borowiec to the Home Army,
whose loyalty was to the government
in exile in London.
Boys his age were used mainly as
couriers, but when the time came
Borowiec started the way he intended
to continue. “Somebody shouted,
‘Throw the grenade!’ ” he wrote in
Warsaw Boy, his memoir, eventually
published in 2014, which was started
with notes pencilled on Red Cross
lavatory paper in Stalag X1-A. “I looked
around, then realised this command
was directed at me. I pulled the pin
and hurled it through the nearest
window. I remember thinking I’ll
never be able to live back with my
mother after this.”
Writing in The Daily Telegraph,
Andrew, or Andrjez,
Borowiec, in Poland
after the war:
during the uprising
he crawled through
sewers, shot his
way through
gunfights, saw his
friends killed – and
avenged them
Lewis Jones called his book “a timely,
angry, terribly moving and drily
amusing account”.
When he threw that grenade
Borowiec was still two months short of
his 16th birthday. Yet when the
fighting began on a sunny August
morning neither side expected it to
last long. German forces included SS
units composed almost entirely of
desperate Red Army deserters with a
gruesome reputation for massacre,
rape and pillage. They estimated that it
would take a couple of weeks at most
to finish off a bunch of poorly armed
The Poles were just as certain of a
swift victory. For days they had thrilled
to the sound of the Red Army’s artillery
getting closer as it approached the
city’s outer suburbs on the Vistula’s
east bank. Recent German losses in
Russia and eastern Poland had been so
big they hoped that the Wehrmacht
might be planning to abandon Warsaw
and regroup in East Prussia.
In the event, both sides were wrong.
Stalin saw the Warsaw Uprising as a
chance to let Hitler dispose of the
enemies of socialism most likely to
resist Poland’s transformation into a
Soviet satellite and paused his tanks.
At the same time, the insurgents
turned out to be better armed, partly
by RAF airdrops, and often better led
than either Stalin or the SS envisaged.
In the end they were reduced to paper
bandages and short of everything
except courage, but they astonished
both friend and foe alike by holding
out for 63 days.
Borowiec was among those who
crawled through sewers, shot his way
through close quarters gunfights, saw
his friends killed – and avenged them.
Once, he staggered firing out of the
ruins of a house that, as the prelude for
an infantry assault, had been blasted
apart by an unmanned wire-guided
miniature demolition vehicle on
caterpillar tracks.
About the size of a large suitcase,
the Germans called it Goliath.
Borowiec narrowly escaped from the
building after he had spotted from a
ground level basement window the
Goliath approaching in beetle-like
stops and starts. The basement was
packed with wounded, but when he
tried to raise the alarm a doctor
reprimanded him for disturbing his
patients. By the time the Goliath
exploded the teenage veteran had
reached the top step.
His luck ran out on September 25
1944, the day after his 16th birthday.
An agonising mortar shrapnel wound
in his right leg came exactly a week
before the depleted Home Army
surrendered, by which time the Red
Cross had secured an agreement that
they would be granted the same
prisoner-of-war status that the Poles
had given their German prisoners and
not executed as Polish banditen.
As Borowiec lay in a makeshift field
hospital, nurses put him in the only
civilian clothes they could find: a
satin-lapelled dinner suit and two left
shoes. He was still wearing them when
he limped through the gates of Stalag
XI-A and into the arms of British
Andrjez Borowiec was born in Lodz
on September 24 1928. His father,
Stanislaw, was a career officer in the
Austro-Hungarian Army that found
itself on the losing side of the First
World War. In 1920 Colonel Borowiec
fought the Russians again when a
newly independent Poland routed
Lenin’s Bolshevik invaders. Divorced,
he celebrated this victory with an
unlikely marriage to Zofia Arct, the
daughter of a general and some 20
years his junior. But when their only
child was five she left him for a younger
officer. Zofia had little access to her son
and in her absence the boy became
close to his Francophile governess, who
was also his father’s mistress.
Young Andrjez was living with his
father in somewhat reduced
circumstances in a German-occupied
Carpathian mountain town, after they
had been evicted from their family
home to accommodate German
civilians made homeless by the RAF.
Then, in September 1942, Colonel
Borowiec died of a stroke and Andrjez
joined his mother in Warsaw. Two
years later he threw his first grenade.
By 1947, having briefly served with a
Polish formation in Allied occupied
Italy, Borowiec was living in Britain as
a beneficiary of the Polish
Resettlement Act. Intensive English
language courses were available.
Borowiec, having just failed to get into
the LSE, read social sciences at a
college in Pennsylvania and went from
there to Columbia. On November 11
1954 he was among 50,000 new US
citizens swearing their Oath of
Allegiance at the Yankee Stadium.
Once he became a journalist he
rarely lived in America. Shortly after
his second marriage he moved with
his English wife Juliet, the younger
sister of the novelist Shirley Conran, to
Cyprus where – apart from a short
interlude in Washington DC – they
remained for more than 30 years.
During this time he published
political histories of Yugoslavia and
Cyprus and a historical account of the
Warsaw Uprising for a US academic
imprint, but he could never finish an
account of his own part in the events
and nearly lost a draft in the 1974
Turkish invasion of Cyprus.
In failing health, in 2012, he
consulted Colin Smith, an old friend
who had published military histories.
Smith brought it to the attention of
Penguin and it has since appeared in
English, Italian, Greek and Polish
editions. In 2015, shortly after the
Polish government awarded him a
Bene Merito distinction for promoting
his country abroad, the Borowieces
moved to Ilford Park Polish Home,
near Newton Abbot.
Andrew Borowiec is survived by
Juliet and his two children by his first
wife, Tamara.
Andrew Borowiec, born September
24 1928, died April 14 2018
ANDRA NOEL, who has
died aged 74, was a
great champion of her
father Captain John Noel,
the official photographer on
the 1922 British expedition
to Everest and its ill-fated
successor in 1924.
Her book, Everest Pioneer:
the Photographs of John Noel
(2003), with an introduction
by Brian Blessed, included
many previously
unpublished images from
his adventures as well as
anecdotes that he had
related to her.
John Noel first visited the
Himalaya region in 1913
disguised as an Indian tea
planter while on leave from
his Indian regiment. He
later resigned his
commission to join the 1922
According to Sandra Noel,
the last letter written by
George Mallory, who died
on the 1924 expedition with
Andrew “Sandy” Irvine, was
to her father telling him of
their efforts to reach the
summit. His final images of
the two men, taken on a
Newman-Sinclair 35mm
camera, depict their
doomed ascent along the
northern precipice.
After Hillary and Tenzing
reached the summit of
Everest in 1953, her father
found himself in demand to
talk about the inter-war
expeditions. Gradually she
picked up the mantle and,
using his evocative images,
would recall his tales of
derring-do. “He talked
about the hardship, but I
don’t think it seemed like
hardship to them at the
time,” she said. “They
thought it was a huge
John Noel lived until the
age of 99, dying in March
1989. While clearing out his
possessions Sandra Noel,
who inherited the rights to
his photographic materials,
came across old film footage
from the expedition shot by
her father. She passed it to
the British Film Institute
where, in 2003, it was added
to his 1924 documentary,
The Epic of Everest, which
was subsequently rereleased with a new score
by Simon Fisher Turner.
Although Mallory’s body
was discovered in May 1999,
Irvine’s has never been
found. Sandra Noel always
hoped that a small camera
Irvine was known to carry
would come to light – and
that it might contain proof
that he and Mallory were
the first to reach the summit
of Everest. She, like her
father, “held a mystical
belief … a hope perhaps”
that they had.
Sandra Ruth Catherine
Daughter of the photographer
Academic and literary critic known for his analysis of Dickens and a study of Victorian pornography of the 1922 Everest expedition
Sandra Noel with her father John
Noel’s mountaineering boots
Noel was born in Oxford on
April 15 1943, 19 years after
her father’s return from his
final Everest expedition. His
first wife had died young
and he had met Mary (née
Sullivan), Sandra’s Irish
mother, in Glasgow while
lecturing about his travels.
After the war the family
moved to Kent where her
father, who had forfeited his
Army pension by resigning,
restored old buildings.
An only child, she was
educated at Ashford School,
where her father would visit
to give talks about his
travels. As an old girl she
remained involved with the
Ashford School Association
for the rest of her life.
Having caught the travel
bug from her father, she
soon went off around Italy,
Germany and Switzerland,
learning their languages and
teaching English. By the
mid-1970s she was working
as a tour manager,
specialising in India and
China and often travelling
with parties organised by
Cox & Kings.
She even acquired a
pilot’s licence in the hope of
flying visitors to game
reserves in Africa, though in
the end that project came to
naught. She particularly
enjoyed taking passengers
to Lapland on Concorde for
the Christmas festivities.
From 1996 to 2002 she
ran a guesthouse in Kent
and was a Blue Badge guide,
escorting tourists around
sites such as Dover,
Canterbury and Battle.
After inheriting her
father’s materials Sandra
Noel’s interest in promoting
his work grew. At Christmas
2006 she visited the
Himalayas, where she met a
descendant of an English tea
planter who had known her
father and was able to locate
the studio where John Noel
had developed his Everest
Sandra Noel is survived
by her partner of 24 years,
Lakhan Samuels.
Sandra Noel, born April 15
1943, died February 24
Wednesday 2 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Television & radio
The week in radio Jemima Lewis
What to watch
Radio shows about music
give me good vibrations
Memories: The Beach Boys’ ‘God Only Knows’ was the subject of ‘Soul Music’
ne of the small sorrows
of my life is that I can’t
make music. As a dutiful
middle-class child, I
studied both the piano
and the guitar for five
years, at the end of which I still
couldn’t read a note. When I attempt
to sing in the car, my children cast me
reproachful looks. And although I love
listening to music of every kind, from
baroque opera to hip-hop, I can
seldom identify the instruments
involved, let alone distinguish a
tremolo from a vibrato.
I was hoping that Radio 3’s new
series Inside Music might cure me of
this musical dyslexia. Every Saturday,
a different virtuoso chooses a selection
of music and explains, “from the
inside”, what makes each piece so
special. In the first episode, for
example, the percussionist Colin
Currie explained how, in a Steve Reich
piece for two marimbas (giant
xylophones to you and me), both
musicians play the same tune, but one
lags “that very important quaver
behind”, which means “you get these
incredible textures that just, sort of,
bring the ear into a stratospheric bliss”.
Interesting stuff – though I wasn’t
certain I’d recognise a quaver if I met
it down a dark alley.
Four episodes in, I can’t claim to be
much the wiser. Musicians, it turns
out, are hardly better than athletes at
explaining how they do what they do.
They lean heavily on adjectives
(“clean”, “flirtatious”, “warm”) that
describe the end result without casting
much light on the process. They
rummage around in vain for the right
words – and no wonder. Music so often
expresses the inexpressible. Highly
technical and difficult though it might
be to create, it is received effortlessly,
and by the heart rather than the brain.
How does one explain this mystery?
It can’t be done – and it doesn’t
really matter. What makes this
programme a joy to listen to is the
enthusiasm of its presenters. This
week’s expert, the soprano Claire
Booth, was a particularly excitable
host. At times she tumbled over her
words and almost shouted into the
microphone, so urgent was her zeal. At
other moments, she just swooned with
pleasure. “Ooooooh,” she shuddered at
the end of Ravel’s Le Tombeau de
Couperin. “That was so perfect you
don’t want it to end. At least, I don’t.”
Soul Music (Radio 4, Wednesday),
goes in from the opposite angle.
Each programme considers, not
the execution of a piece of music,
but its sentimental value to ordinary
people. This is something that any
of us, however musically illiterate,
can understand. I remember exactly
where I was when I first heard the
subject of this week’s episode – God
Only Knows, by The Beach Boys. It
was 1981, we were staying by the
sea with family friends, and their
much-cooler-than-me son put Pet
Sounds on the record player. As the
French horns began their rising,
melancholy introduction, I felt
something new register in my
10-year-old heart: the pain that
goes with love.
I’m not sure there has ever been a
pop song that better expresses the
awful conundrum of finding a
soulmate. True love can only end
badly: if not with divorce, then with
death. Two of the contributors to Soul
Music were witnesses to this truth.
Erin Prewitt experienced it at first
hand when her husband – and the
father of her young daughter – was
killed by a car while out jogging.
Kim Lynch saw it in her parents’ long
and happy marriage. Aged eight, she
woke up to the sound of those French
horns drifting through the sunlit
house, and her father telling her
mother: “This is for you.” Decades
later, as Lynch’s mother was dying of
cancer, she wrote a final love letter to
her husband. It just said: “God only
knows what I’d be without you.” Soul
Music often makes me sniffle – but this
time I was bawling.
adio 4’s new series Instrument
Makers began yesterday with a
visit to Penrith, where master
luthier Roger Bucknall makes some
of the finest guitars in the world. The
musicians Richard Hawley and Martin
Simpson rootled around Bucknall’s
workshop, marvelling at his collection
of rare and ancient hardwoods, each
of which creates a different tone. It’s
always a pleasure to listen to
perfectionists talking about their craft.
But with no presenter to introduce us
to each character, or help us keep
track of who was talking, this often felt
too muddled for comfort. Still, at least
I now know what a “luthier” is. The
education continues.
Love in the Countryside
Among the many
challenges facing
British farmers today, the
lack of potential partners
is a perhaps underreported one. Seeking to
right this wrong, Sara Cox
has gathered eight
agricultural singletons for
this new series. After
posting profiles and
pictures on the BBC
website, they have
received sacks of letters
from which they must
select a few hopefuls to
meet and then take home
for a few days on the farm.
The focus for this
opening week falls on
three of them. There’s
52-year-old Pete, whose
bachelordom comes as no
surprise given his claim
that “cows are probably
better behaved than
women”, but whose softer
centre emerges over the
course of the hour;
Dumfries farmer
Christine, 32 and a
vulnerable soul whose
unwillingness to leave the
family farm is as much
psychological as practical;
and 25-year-old Ed, a
former wild child tamed
by the quieter rhythms of
rural life. Their brief dates
veer from faltering to
sweet and unwatchable,
but by the end each has a
ITV, 9.00PM
 After 10 series, ITV’s
sun-drenched sitcom has
been axed and this is its last
ever episode. And it goes
out with a bang: Holly
Johnson follows in the
footsteps of Carol Decker,
as he arrives to entertain
the guests. GT
Heathrow: Britain’s
Busiest Airport
ITV, 8.00PM
 Passenger experience
manager Demi has to deal
with disgruntled passengers
and broken baggage belts,
while border guard Bob
assesses whether or not to
allow a Brazilian student
into the country, as the
fourth series of the
docusoap begins. GT
Rich House, Poor House:
The Big Surprise
 It’s series five, and the
Single minded: Sara Cox hosts the rural matchmaking show
shortlist of potential
mates. Although six
episodes feels like a
stretch, it’s an engaging
career with his ornery,
Oscar-winning turn in Billy
Crystal comedy City
Slickers. This brisk, concise
profile pays tribute. GT
Mystery of the Lost
 This new series about lost
art begins with a look at
Graham Sutherland’s 1954
portrait of Winston
Churchill. The picture was
so loathed by Churchill’s
wife Clementine that it was
burnt. The Mona Lisa Myth,
which investigates the
theory that Leonardo
painted two versions of the
portrait, airs at 10.00pm. GT
Jack Palance
 Initially typecast as a
concept, and with a madeto-measure host in downto-earth farmer’s daughter
Cox. Gabriel Tate
Britain’s Fat Fight
with Hugh FearnleyWhittingstall
Discovering Jack Palance
wealthy Whitings switch
houses with the Timmins
family, who live in a
two-bed property in
Newquay: one is in the
wealthiest 10 per cent, the
other in the poorest; expect
life lessons to be learnt. GT
Mystery of the Lost Paintings
villain in westerns (Shane)
and melodramas (Sudden
Fear), actor Jack Palance
went on to have an
unpredictable career,
working with Jean-Luc
Godard in Le Mepris and
Percy Adlon in Baghdad
Café, before capping his
 Hugh challenges
restaurants to improve
calorie information on
menus, spreads the word
about the high sugar
content in fruit juices and
smoothies, and recruits
comedian Ross Noble
for his campaign to
improve Newcastle’s
eating habits. GT
Champions League
Football: Roma v Liverpool
BT SPORT 2, 7.45PM
 Having lost the first leg
5-2, Roma host Liverpool in
the Italian capital. A place in
the final against either
Bayern Munich or Real
Madrid awaits the winner.
Radio choice Charlotte Runcie
RADIO 2, 10.00PM
 Ben Ashenden and
Alex Owen are some of
the latest successful
comedians to emerge from
the Cambridge Footlights
stable. They already have
three well-received series
of the meta, absurdist
Radio 4 sketch comedy The
Radio 1
FM 97.6-99.8MHz
6.30 am The Radio 1 Breakfast
Show with Nick Grimshaw
10.00 Clara Amfo
12.45 pm Newsbeat
1.00 Scott Mills
4.00 Greg James
5.45 Newsbeat
6.00 Greg James
7.00 Stefflon Don and Dotty
9.00 The 8th with Charlie Sloth
11.00 Huw Stephens
1.00 am Benji B
3.00 Radio 1 Comedy – Niki and
Sammy’s Peachy Podcast
4.00 - 6.30am Radio 1’s Early
Breakfast Show with Adele
Radio 2
FM 88-90.2MHz
am Chris Evans
Ken Bruce
Jeremy Vine
pm Steve Wright in the
Simon Mayo
The Folk Show with Mark
Jo Whiley
◆ Proposal. See Radio
◆ Celebrity Lip Service. See
Radio choice
Old Grey Whistle Test 40
Pick of the Pops
am Radio 2 Playlists:
Country Playlist
Radio 2 Playlist: Easy
Radio 2 Playlist: Radio 2
- 6.30am Vanessa Feltz
Radio 3
FM 90.2-92.4MHz
6.30 am Breakfast
9.00 Essential Classics
12.00 Composer of the Week:
1.00 pm News
1.02 Radio 3 Lunchtime Concert.
2.00 Afternoon Concert
3.30 Choral Evensong
Pin under their belts. The
one, Proposal, is a pilot for
a longer-form sitcom
written by the pair, though
it has a more traditional
premise: it’s follows a
couple called Jamie and
Lucy (The Inbetweeners’s Joe
Thomas and Doctor Who’s
Pearl Mackie) as Jamie
plucks up the courage to
pop the question.
BBC Young Musician 2018
In Tune
In Tune Mixtape
Radio 3 in Concert
Free Thinking
The Essay: My Life in Music
Late Junction
- 6.30am Through the Night
Radio 4
FM 92.4-94.6MHz; LW 198KHz
am Today
LW: Yesterday in Parliament
Soul Music
The History of Secrecy
FM: Book of the Week: The
Life and Rhymes of
Benjamin zephaniah
LW: Daily Service
Woman’s Hour
The Listening Project
Single Black Female
pm LW: Shipping Forecast
Four Thought
You and Yours
The World at One
Chinese Characters
The Archers
Drama: Fury
Money Box Live
All in the Mind
Thinking Allowed
The Media Show
LW: Shipping Forecast
Six O’Clock News
Daliso Chaponda: Citizen of
The Archers
Front Row
Love Henry James: The
Wings of the Dove
Four Thought
Costing the Earth
Soul Music
The World Tonight
Book at Bedtime: The Valley
at the Centre of the World
Six Degrees of John
Celebrity Lip Service
RADIO 2, 10.30PM
 Radio 2 is attempting to
rejuvenate impressions,
pranks and stunts with this
new comedy pilot. Here,
some of Britain’s most
talented up–and-coming
impressionists put their
skills to the test as they
attempt to see how far
The John Moloney Show
Today in Parliament
News and Weather
am Book of the Week: The
Life and Rhymes of
Benjamin zephaniah
Shipping Forecast
As World Service
Shipping Forecast
News Briefing
Prayer for the Day
Farming Today
- 6.00am Tweet of the Day
Radio 5 Live
MW 693 & 909KHz
6.00 am 5 Live Breakfast
10.00 The Emma Barnett Show
with Anna Foster
1.00 pm Afternoon Edition
4.00 5 Live Drive
7.00 5 Live Sport. Mark Chapman
presents coverage of the
night’s Champions League
semi-final second-leg game
between AS Roma and
10.30 Phil Williams
1.00 am Up All Night
5.00 Morning Reports
5.15 - 6.00am Wake Up to
Classic FM
FM 99.9-101.9MHz
am More Music Breakfast
John Suchet
pm Nicholas Owen
Classic FM Drive
Smooth Classics at Seven
The Full Works Concert.
Jane Jones presents a
tribute to the life and
career of Russian conductor
Valery Gergiev
10.00 Smooth Classics
1.00 - 6.00am Sam Pittis
World Service
6.00am Newsday 8.06 HARDtalk 8.30
Business Daily 8.50 Witness 9.00
News 9.06 The Documentary 10.00
World Update 11.00 The Newsroom
organisations will go if
they think they’re speaking
to a bona fide celebrity.
For example, will Pizza
Express in Watford clear
its premises for a famous
actor to dine with his
cats? Or will Exeter City
Council agree to turn off
all their street lights so
the controversial Katie
Hopkins can go to sleep?
11.30 The Documentary 12.00 News
12.06pm Outlook 1.00 The Newsroom
1.30 The Compass 2.00 Newshour
3.00 News 3.06 HARDtalk 3.30 World
Business Report 4.00 BBC OS 6.00
News 6.06 Outlook 7.00 The
Newsroom 7.30 Sport Today 8.00
News 8.06 HARDtalk 8.30 Healthcheck
9.00 Newshour 10.00 News 10.06 The
Compass 10.30 The Documentary
11.00 News 11.06 The Newsroom
11.20 Sports News 11.30 World
Business Report 12.00 News 12.06am
The Documentary 1.00 News 1.06
Business Matters 2.00 News 2.06 The
Newsroom 2.30 The Documentary
3.00 News 3.06 Newsday 3.30 The
Food Chain 4.00 News 4.06 Newsday
5.00 News 5.06 The Newsroom 5.30 6.00am Healthcheck
Radio 4 Extra
6.00am John Mortimer Presents The
Trials of Marshall Hall 6.30 Night
Visions 7.00 Ring Around the Bath
7.30 Sketchtopia 8.00 The Navy Lark
8.30 Round the Horne 9.00 The Write
Stuff 9.30 Life, Death and Sex with
Mike and Sue 10.00 The Earthquake
Girl 11.00 After Milk Wood 11.15
Galbraith and the King of Diamonds
12.00 The Navy Lark 12.30pm Round
the Horne 1.00 John Mortimer
Presents The Trials of Marshall Hall
1.30 Night Visions 2.00 The Secret
History 2.15 Shakespeare’s Restless
World 2.30 The Enchanted April 2.45
Sissinghurst: An Unfinished History
3.00 The Earthquake Girl 4.00 The
Write Stuff 4.30 Life, Death and Sex
with Mike and Sue 5.00 Ring Around
the Bath 5.30 Sketchtopia 6.00 The
Man Who Was Thursday 6.30 The
Tingle Factor 7.00 The Navy Lark
7.30 Round the Horne 8.00 John
Mortimer Presents The Trials of
Marshall Hall 8.30 Night Visions 9.00
After Milk Wood 9.15 Galbraith and
the King of Diamonds 10.00 Comedy
Club 12.00 The Man Who Was
Thursday 12.30am The Tingle Factor
1.00 John Mortimer Presents The
Trials of Marshall Hall 1.30 Night
Visions 2.00 The Secret History 2.15
Shakespeare’s Restless World 2.30 The
Enchanted April 2.45 Sissinghurst: An
Unfinished History 3.00 The
Earthquake Girl 4.00 The Write Stuff
4.30 Life, Death and Sex with Mike and
Sue 5.00 Ring Around the Bath 5.30 6.00am Sketchtopia
The Daily Telegraph Wednesday 2 May 2018
Today’s television
FV Freeview FS Freesat (AD) Audio description (R) Repeat (S) Subtitles (SL) In-vision signing
Channel 4
Channel 5
6.00 am Breakfast (S) 9.15 Rip Off Britain:
Food (S) 10.00 Homes Under the
Hammer (R) (S) 11.00 A1: Britain’s
Longest Road (AD) (S) 11.45 The
Housing Enforcers (S)
12.15 pm Bargain Hunt (AD) (R) (S)
1.00 BBC News at One; Weather (S)
1.30 Regional News; Weather (S)
1.45 Doctors (AD) (S)
2.15 800 Words (AD) (S)
3.00 Escape to the Country (AD) (R) (S)
3.45 Flipping Profit (AD) (S)
4.30 Flog It! (S)
5.15 Pointless (S)
6.00 BBC News at Six; Weather (S)
6.30 Regional News; Weather (S)
6.00 am Flog It! Trade Secrets (R) (S)
6.30 A1: Britain’s Longest Road (AD)
(R) (S) 7.15 Rip Off Britain: Food (R)
(S) 8.00 Sign Zone: See Hear (S) (SL)
8.30 Sign Zone: Great British
Railway Journeys (AD) (R) (S) (SL)
9.00 Victoria Derbyshire (S) 10.00
Live Snooker: The World
Championship. Coverage of the
opening session on day 12 at the
Crucible Theatre (S) 11.30 Daily
Politics (S)
1.00 pm Live Snooker: The World
Championship Coverage of two
quarter-finals (S)
6.00 Eggheads (R) (S)
6.30 Britain in Bloom (S)
6.00 am Good Morning Britain (S) 8.30
Lorraine (S) 9.25 The Jeremy Kyle
Show (S) 10.30 This Morning (S)
12.30 pm Loose Women (S)
1.30 News; Weather (S)
1.55 Regional News; Weather (S)
2.00 Judge Rinder (S)
3.00 Tenable (S)
4.00 Tipping Point (S)
5.00 The Chase (S)
6.00 Regional News; Weather (S)
6.30 News; Weather (S)
6.00 am Countdown (R) (S) 6.45 3rd
Rock from the Sun (AD) (R) (S) 7.10
3rd Rock from the Sun (AD) (R) (S)
7.35 Everybody Loves Raymond (R)
(S) 8.00 Everybody Loves Raymond
(R) (S) 8.30 Frasier (R) (S) 9.00
Frasier (R) (S) 9.35 Frasier (R) (S)
10.05 Ramsay’s Hotel Hell (AD) (R)
(S) 11.00 Undercover Boss USA (R)
12.00 Channel 4 News (S)
12.05 pm Coast vs Country (AD) (R) (S)
1.05 Posh Pawnbrokers (R) (S)
2.10 Countdown (S)
3.00 A Place in the Sun: Home or Away
(R) (S)
4.00 Escape to the Chateau: DIY (AD) (S)
5.00 Four in a Bed (R) (S)
5.30 Buy It Now (S)
6.00 The Simpsons (AD) (R) (S)
6.30 Hollyoaks (AD) (R) (S)
6.00 am Milkshake! 9.15 The Wright Stuff
11.15 Paddington Station 24/7 (R) (S)
12.10 pm 5 News Lunchtime (S)
12.15 GPs: Behind Closed Doors (AD) (R)
1.10 Access (S)
1.15 Home and Away (AD) (S)
1.45 Neighbours (AD) (S)
2.15 NCIS (AD) (R) (S)
3.15 FILM: A Daughter’s Nightmare
(2013, TVM) Drama starring Emily
Osment (S)
5.00 5 News at 5 (S)
5.30 Neighbours (AD) (R) (S)
6.00 Home and Away (AD) (R) (S)
6.30 5 News Tonight (S)
Britain’s Fat Fight: Fearnley-Whittingstall
Top of the Shop with Tom Kerridge
Benidorm: Holly Johnson
The Secret Life of the Zoo
7.00 Live Snooker: The World
Championship The concluding
session on day 12 at the Crucible
Theatre (S)
7.00 Emmerdale Liv tries to deny that
she has a drinking problem (AD) (S)
8.00 Watchdog Live The team report on
what has gone wrong with a global
company’s attempt to put right a
huge problem (S)
8.00 Top of the Shop with Tom Kerridge
Four producers of drinks compete
against each other for one place in
the final (AD) (S)
8.00 Heathrow: Britain’s Busiest Airport
New series See What to watch (AD)
9.00 Britain’s Fat Fight with Hugh
Fearnley-Whittingstall Hugh turns
his attention to the alarming
amount of sugar found in fruit juices
and smoothies See What to watch
(AD) (S)
9.00 Love In the Countryside New
series. Sara Cox meets eight
singletons living in the countryside
as they begin their journey to find
love See What to watch (AD) (S)
10.00 Detectorists The dark cloud of a
solar farm threatens the tranquillity
(AD) (R) (S)
10.30 Newsnight (S)
11.15 Snooker: The World Championship
12.05am Snooker: World
Championship Extra 2.05 Sign Zone:
See Hear 2.35 Sign Zone:
MasterChef: The Finals 3.35 Sign
Zone: Pilgrimage: The Road to
Santiago 4.35 - 6.00am This Is BBC
7.00 The One Show Hosted by Matt
Baker and Alex Jones (S)
10.00 BBC News at Ten (S)
10.30 Regional News; Weather (S)
10.45 A Question of Sport Panellists
include Johnny Nelson and
Katharine Merry (S)
11.15 Ambulance 12.20- 6.00am News
Northern Ireland
BBC One:
10.40pm The Top Table
11.40 A Question of Sport
12.10am Ambulance 1.10 6.00am BBC News
BBC Two:
No variations
BBC Four
FV 10 FS 115 SKY 119 VIRGIN 117
7.00 pm Beyond 100 Days
7.30 The Culture Show: Lego –
The Building Blocks of
8.00 The Great Rift: Africa’s Wild
9.00 Elizabeth I’s Secret Agents
10.00 The Celts: Blood, Iron and
Sacrifice with Alice Roberts
and Neil Oliver
11.00 Putin: The New Tsar
12.00 Bombay Railway
1.00 am Top of the Pops: 1983
1.30 Top of the Pops: 1983
2.00 The Great Rift: Africa’s Wild
3.00 - 4.00am Elizabeth I’s
Secret Agents
Designs 9.00 Building the Dream 10.00
24 Hours in A&E 11.10 8 Out of 10 Cats
Does Countdown 12.10am Ramsay’s
Kitchen Nightmares USA 1.05 24 Hours
in A&E 2.10 Building the Dream 3.154.00am 8 Out of 10 Cats: Best Bits
10.20am The Bachelorette 12.15pm
Emmerdale 12.45 You’ve Been Framed!
Gold Top 100 Sport Stars 1.45 The Ellen
DeGeneres Show 2.35 The Jeremy Kyle
Show 5.50 Take Me Out 7.00 You’ve
Been Framed! Gold 8.00 Two and a Half
Men 8.30 Superstore 9.00 FILM: Hot
Fuzz (2007) Action comedy starring
Simon Pegg 11.25 Family Guy 12.55am
American Dad! 1.50 Two and a Half Men
2.15-5.45am Teleshopping
Noon The Goldbergs 1.00pm The Big
Bang Theory 2.00 How I Met Your
Mother 3.00 New Girl 4.00 Brooklyn
Nine-Nine 5.00 The Goldbergs 6.00 The
Big Bang Theory 7.00 Hollyoaks 7.30
Extreme Cake Makers 8.00 The
Goldbergs 8.30 The Big Bang Theory
9.00 Timeless 10.00 Naked Attraction
11.05 The Big Bang Theory 12.00
Celebrity First Dates 1.05am Tattoo
Fixers 2.10 Naked Attraction 3.05
Timeless 3.55-4.40am The Goldbergs
11.35am Four in a Bed 2.10pm Come
Dine with Me 4.50 A Place in the Sun:
Winter Sun 5.55 Ugly House to Lovely
House with George Clarke 6.55 The
Secret Life of the Zoo 7.55 Grand
am Agatha Christie’s Marple
pm The Royal
Classic Coronation Street
Classic Coronation Street
On the Buses
On the Buses
You’re Only Young Twice
George and Mildred
Murder, She Wrote
The Street
The Street
am Agatha Christie’s Marple
ITV3 Nightscreen
- 6.00am Teleshopping
Noon American Pickers 1.00pm Top
Gear 3.00 Sin City Motors 4.00 Steve
Austin’s Broken Skull Challenge 5.00 Top
Gear 6.00 Room 101 6.40 Would I Lie to
You? 8.00 QI XL 9.00 Taskmaster 10.00
Room 101 10.40 Live at the Apollo
11.40 QI XL 12.40am Would I Lie to
You? 1.20 Mock the Week 2.00 QI 2.40
Would I Lie to You? 3.20-4.00am Parks
and Recreation
Sky Sports Main Event
Noon Sky Sports News 3.00pm Live
Indian Premier League. Delhi Daredevils
v Rajasthan Royals. All the action from
the match, which is taking place at Feroz
Shah Kotla in Delhi. The Royals claimed a
10-run victory by the Duckworth-LewisStern method in a rain-hit reverse fixture
in Jaipur 7.30 Sky Sports Tonight 8.00
NFL Draft 8.30 F1 Report 9.00 Sky
Sports Tonight 10.00 Behind The Ropes:
Bellew v Haye. Behind the scenes of both
boxers’ camps, as they prepare for their
heavyweight rematch at O2 Arena on
May 5 11.00-6.00am Sky Sports News
 Andy Warhol would have been
knocked sideways by this uproarious
all-art, all-advertising family
adventure that perfectly captures
Lego’s unique charms. The plot is a
Star Wars/Matrix hybrid with jokes,
in which a builder from the town of
Bricksburg becomes the unlikely
leader of a resistance movement.
Parents who grew up with Lego will
feel the prickle of nostalgia, and
children will be swept away.
The Dressmaker (2015)
FILM4, 9.00PM ★★
8.00 The Secret Life of the Zoo Pregnant
giraffe Orla goes into labour (S)
8.00 GPs: Behind Closed Doors A man is
encouraged to cut back on the
60-hour weeks he regularly works
(AD) (S)
9.00 Benidorm A strike in the airport
causes panic at the Solana. Last in
the series See What to watch (AD)
9.00 One Born Every Minute A couple
originally from Bulgaria visit
Birmingham Women’s Hospital (AD)
9.00 Rich House, Poor House: The Big
Surprise New series. Two families
from the Newquay area swap homes
and budgets for a week See What
to watch (S)
10.00 News; Weather (S)
10.30 Regional News; Weather (S)
10.45 Uefa Champions League Highlights
Action from the semi-final secondleg matches (S)
10.00 First Dates A Reiki healer it set up
on a date with a children’s
entertainer (AD) (S)
11.05 My F-ing Tourette’s Family 12.05am
Live from Abbey Road Classics 12.35
How’d You Get So Rich? 1.15 FILM:
Playing for Keeps (2012) Comedy
starring Gerard Butler 3.00 Come
Dine Champion of Champions 3.55
Gok’s Fill Your House for Free 4.45
Steph and Dom’s One Star to Five
Star 5.10 - 6.00am Fifteen to One
8.30 Coronation Street Angie is
blindsided by Jude’s betrayal (AD)
 In Jocelyn Moorhouse’s royally
daffy outback melodrama, Kate
Winslet plays the perfectly styled
seamstress Tilly Dunnage, returning to
her dusty hometown. There are scores
to be settled, an amnesiac mother
(Judy Davis) to be coaxed into lucidity
and a rugby-playing stud (Liam
Hemsworth) to be ensnared. But most
of all, there are frocks: every scene’s a
Dior-inspired catwalk in the scrub.
10.00 Billionaire Babies: 24 Carat Kids
The world of super-rich babies and
young children (R) (S)
11.05 Named and Shamed: Greatest
Celebrity Scandals 12.05am Celeb
Trolls: We’re Coming to Get You 1.00
SuperCasino 3.10 GPs: Behind
Closed Doors 4.00 Never Teach
Your Wife to Drive 4.45 House
Doctor 5.10 Wildlife SOS 5.35 6.00am House Doctor
The Day of the Triffids (1962, b/w)
12.20am Teleshopping 1.50 3.00am ITV Nightscreen
BBC One:
9.00 - 10.00pm The Cancer
Hospital 10.45 Britain’s Fat
Fight with Hugh FearnleyWhittingstall 11.45 A
Question of Sport 12.15am
Ambulance 1.20 - 6.00am
BBC News
BBC Two:
No variations
10.30pm Scotland Tonight
11.05 Uefa Champions
League Highlights 12.05am
Teleshopping 2.05 After
Midnight 3.35 ITV
Nightscreen 4.05 The Jeremy
Kyle Show 5.00 - 6.00am
ITV Wales:
6.00 - 6.30pm ITV News
Wales at Six
ITV Regions
BBC One:
No variations
BBC Two:
No variations
No variations, except:
ITV Channel:
12.20 - 3.00am ITV
 An adaptation of John Wyndham’s
more serious novel, this is clunky,
hammy, hysterical sci-fi fun from an
age when films could end with a
narrator saying, “Mankind survived
and once again have reason to give
thanks.” Giant carnivorous plants
arrive in a meteor shower. They attack
mankind. Mankind runs around
shrieking. Mankind gets its act
together. The end.
FV Freeview FS Freesat (AD) Audio description (R) Repeat (S) Subtitles (SL) In-vision signing
Freeview, satellite and cable
FV 9 FS 107 SKY 116 VIRGIN 107
5STAR, 7.00PM ★★★★
7.00 Police Interceptors Lee is
confronted by a particularly mouthy
motorist (R) (S)
7.00 Channel 4 News (S)
6.00am Cyw 11.00 Dysgu Gyda Cyw 12.00 Newyddion
S4C a’r Tywydd 12.05pm Crwydro 12.30 Y Ty Arian
1.30 Garddio a Mwy 2.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd
2.05 Prynhawn Da 3.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd
3.05 Pengelli 3.30 Tro Breizh Lyn Ebenezer 4.00 Awr
Fawr 5.00 Stwnsh 6.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd
6.05 Her yr Hinsawdd 6.30 Mwy o Sgorio 7.00 Heno
8.00 Pobol y Cwm 8.25 Wil ac Aeron: Taith Rwmania
9.00 Newyddion 9 a’r Tywydd 9.30 Elis James: Cic Lan
Yr Archif 10.00 Dim Byd/Mwy 10.30 Galw Nain Nain
Nain 11.05 - 11.40pm Cadw Cwmni gyda John Hardy
The Lego Movie (2014)
Rich House, Poor House: The Big Surprise
7.30 Coronation Street Mary and Jude
pull out all the stops to keep Angie
in the dark (AD) (S)
11.45 Play to the Whistle 12.20am
Jackpot247 3.00 Grantchester 3.50
ITV Nightscreen 5.05 - 6.00am The
Jeremy Kyle Show
Film choice
Main channels
FV 24 FS 117 SKY 120 VIRGIN 118
am The Avengers
pm Ironside
Quincy ME
The Saint
The Avengers
Cash Cowboys
Pawn Stars
Pawn Stars
Mr Bean
The Motorbike Show
FILM: Hard Target (1993)
Action thriller starring JeanClaude Van Damme
The Americans
am Lethal Weapon
Bear Grylls: Mission Survive
ITV4 Nightscreen
- 6.00am Teleshopping
Sky Sports Premier
Noon Premier League Review 1.00pm
Premier League 100 Club 2.00 PL Best
Goals 07/08 3.00 Premier League Years
5.00 Premier League Review 6.00 Best
Premier League Own Goals 6.30 Best PL
Goals: Chelsea v Man Utd 7.00 Best PL
Goals: Man Utd v Newcastle 7.30 Premier
League World 8.00 Premier League
Review 9.00 Premier League World 9.30
Best PL Goals: Tottenham v Chelsea
10.00 The Debate 11.00 Premier League
World 11.30 Best PL Goals: North London
Derby 12.00 PL Best Goals 13/14
1.00am The Debate 2.00 Premier League
World 2.30 PL Greatest Games 3.004.00am The Debate
BT Sport 1
10.00am Live WTA Tennis. The J&T
Banka Prague Open 4.00pm BT
Sport Goals Reload 4.15 Hyundai
A-League Highlights 5.15 Premier
League 6.45 Live Vanarama National
League. Aldershot Town v Ebbsfleet
United (Kick-off 7.00pm). Coverage
of the play-off elimination final, which
takes place at The Electrical Services
Stadium 9.15 Premier League Reload
9.30 BT Sport Films 11.00 PSA
Squash Highlights 12.00 30 for 30
1.00am Live NBA. Houston Rockets v
Utah Jazz (Tip-off 1.00am). Coverage of
Sky One
SKY 106 VIRGIN 110
NCIS: Los Angeles
pm Hawaii Five-0
Hawaii Five-0
NCIS: Los Angeles
Stargate SG-1
The Simpsons
The Simpsons
A League of Their Own
Premier League’s Greatest
Brit Cops: Rapid Response
am Ross Kemp: Extreme
Most Shocking
- 4.00am Duck Quacks Don’t
game two of the Western Conference
semi-final, which takes place at Toyota
Centre 3.30 BT Sport Reload. 4.00
Stevie G meets Dele Alli. 4.30 UFC:
Beyond the Octagon.
Noon The Curse of Civil War Gold
1.00pm Pawn Stars 2.00 American
Pickers 3.00 Counting Cars 4.00
Storage Wars 5.30 Pawn Stars 6.00
Forged in Fire 7.00 American Pickers
8.00 The Curse of Civil War Gold
10.00 The Curse of Oak Island 11.00
Breaking Mysterious 12.00 Forged
in Fire 1.00am Storage Wars 1.30 Pawn
Stars 2.00 Homicide Hunter 3.004.00am Ancient Aliens
Sky Arts
Noon The Eighties 1.00pm Discovering:
Burt Lancaster 2.00 Watercolour
Challenge 2.30 The Art Show 3.30 Tales
of the Unexpected 4.00 Classic Albums
5.00 The Eighties 6.00 Discovering:
Henry Fonda 7.00 Tate Britain’s Great
Art Walks 8.00 Mystery of the Lost
Paintings See What to watch 9.00
Discovering: Jack Palance See What to
watch 10.00 The Mona Lisa Myth 11.50
At-Issue 12.00 Mystery of the Lost
Paintings 1.00am Depeche Mode: Live in
Berlin 2.30-4.30am Black Sabbath: The
End of the End
Sky Atlantic
SKY 108
FV 15 FS 300 SKY 313 VIRGIN 428
pm Without a Trace
Blue Bloods
The West Wing
The West Wing
CSI: Crime Scene
Blue Bloods
High Maintenance
Silicon Valley
am The Sopranos
House of Lies
- 4.00am Happyish
Sky Cinema Premiere
24 hours, including at:
5.05pm Captain Underpants: The First
Epic Movie (2017) Cartoon adventure
with the voice of Kevin Hart 6.50 Girls
Trip (2017) Comedy starring Regina Hall
9.00 Brawl In Cell Block 99 (2017)
Crime thriller starring Vince Vaughn
11.20 After the Storm (2016) Premiere.
Comedy drama starring Hiroshi Abe
1.25am Where’s the Money (2017)
Comedy starring Andrew Bachelor 3.055.00am Palm Swings (2017) Comedy
drama starring Sugar Lyn Beard
PBS America
11.25am JFK: A New Perspective
12.35pm The Aviators 1.15 The
Nuremberg Prosecutor: Benjamin
Ferencz 1.55 Air Warriors 3.00 Billy the
Kid 4.10 JFK: A New Perspective 5.20
The Aviators 5.55 The Nuremberg
Prosecutor: Benjamin Ferencz 6.35 Air
Warriors 7.50 Why Trains Crash 9.10
The Vietnam War 11.35 Why Trains
Crash 12.55am Air Warriors 2.006.00am Teleshopping
24 hours, including at:
5.10pm Saddle the Wind (1958)
Western starring Robert Taylor and John
Cassavetes 6.50 Off Set 7.10 Guns of
11.00 am Terror in a Texas Town
(1958, b/w) Western
12.40 pm The Spoilers (1955,
b/w) Western
2.20 Gun Fury (1953) Western
3.55 Three Faces West (1940, b/w)
Drama with John Wayne
5.30 Hondo (1953) Western
starring John Wayne
7.10 Fantastic Four: Rise of the
Silver Surfer (2007) Sci-fi
starring Ioan Gruffudd
9.00 The Dressmaker (2015)
Drama starring Kate Winslet
See Film choice
11.20 Regression (2015) Thriller
starring Ethan Hawke
1.30 - 3.55am Drowning by
Numbers (1988)
Wyoming (1963) Western starring
Robert Taylor 9.00 Fire Down Below
(1997) Action adventure starring Steven
Seagal 11.15 The Deer Hunter (1978)
Vietnam War drama starring Robert De
Niro 2.55am Conspiracy Theory with
Jesse Ventura 3.55-5.00am Hollywood’s
Best Film Directors
11.20am You Rang, M’Lord? 12.20pm
The Green Green Grass 1.00 As Time
Goes By 1.40 Butterflies 2.20 Only Fools
and Horses 3.00 Last of the Summer
Wine 5.00 You Rang, M’Lord? 6.00 As
Time Goes By 6.40 The Green Green
Grass 7.20 Dad’s Army 8.40 Only Fools
and Horses 9.25 Citizen Khan 10.40 Live
at the Apollo 11.40 Goodnight
Sweetheart 12.20am Nurse 1.00 Citizen
Khan 1.40 Live at the Apollo 2.35 Harry
Hill’s TV Burp 3.00 Vic Reeves Big Night
Out 3.25-4.00am Nurse
Vintage TV
11.00am Whimsical Wednesday 1.00pm
My Mixtape 2.00 The Nineties, Naturally
5.00 Tune In… To 1986 6.00 Tune In…
To 1978 7.00 Tune In… To 1980 8.00
Men Up Front: ‘80s 9.00 Still Got It!
10.00 Cymru Class Acts 10.30 Live
With… Jack Harris 11.00 Seattle Sounds
12.00 The Night Shift 3.00-6.00am Neil
McCormick’s Needle Time
Wednesday 2 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph
Weather and crosswords
Nature notes
A songbird’s tale
of two Britains
A northern powerhouse for songbirds
is emerging as species thriving in
Scotland struggle south of the border.
Spotted flycatchers and willow
warblers in particular are showing
huge differences in fortunes, the latest
Breeding Bird Survey (BBS) found.
In Scotland flycatchers increased by
two thirds between 2011 and 2016 and
willow warblers saw an increase of a
fifth over the past 23 years.
In England, however, both species
are in trouble with the number of
breeding flycatchers having declined
65 per cent since the first BBS survey
in 1994. As a result, the species has
been red-listed (of the highest
conservation concern). Warblers have
declined 9 per cent since the survey
began, while a worrying 40 per cent of
its breeding population has been lost
in England. The results were compiled
thanks to a record 2,814 volunteers
who collected the data.
Samantha Herbert
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