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The Guardian - May 3, 2018

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Section:GDN 1N PaGe:1 Edition Date:180503 Edition:01 Zone:S
‘I miss the
old Kanye’
What has
happened
to rap’s most
complex star?
Sent at 2/5/2018 21:40
cYanmaGentaYellowbl
G2
The secrets of resilience
Lessons from extraordinary trauma

Thursday
3 May 2018
Issue № 53,399
theguardian.com
£2.00
Javid joins
Brexiters to
derail May
on customs
Heather Stewart
Pippa Crerar
Now for Real
Liverpool make it
through to Champions
League final Sport
▲ Georginio Wijnaldum celebrates scoring his team’s second goal as Liverpool beat Roma 7-6 on aggregate to progress to the final in Kiev PICTURE: TONY GENTILE/REUTERS
Sajid Javid joined Brexiters to voice
strong doubts about the prime minister’s favoured customs plan yesterday
as her Brexit inner cabinet broke up
without agreement on the government’s negotiating stance.
Just days after replacing Amber
Rudd as home secretary in the wake of
the Windrush crisis, Javid staked out
his independence from Theresa May
by suggesting her favoured model of
a “customs partnership” was unworkable and throwing his weight behind
the alternative preferred by the hard
Brexit faction.
Downing Street sources insisted
last night the customs partnership,
which would see the UK levy tariffs
on behalf of Brussels, had not been
formally rejected.
But Rudd’s departure appears to
have left the key cabinet subcommittee deadlocked over how to negotiate
Britain’s departure from the EU.
During the two-anda-half-hour meeting, the 13 
Fears breast cancer blunder may
have cut short hundreds of lives
Jessica Elgot
•
Political correspondent
Hundreds of women’s lives may
have been cut short by a major IT
error that meant 450,000 patients in
England missed crucial breast cancer
screenings, the health secretary,
Jeremy Hunt, has said.
As many as 270 women may have
died because of the 2009 computer
error, he said. Families now face the
distressing possibility that loved ones
who have recently died from breast
cancer may have missed opportunities
for early diagnosis. Women receiving
breast cancer treatment, including
those with a terminal diagnosis, may
also get letters telling them of missed
screenings in the coming months.
The government has ordered an
independent inquiry into the scandal, which Public Health England
(PHE) unearthed only in January after
almost a decade of errors, Hunt said.
He said between 135 and 270 women
450,000
The number of patients in England
who missed breast cancer screenings
as a result of the IT system error
“may have had their lives shortened
as a result” of missed letters, which
are due to be sent out automatically
to older women registered with their
GPs. He said the numbers may be a lot
lower but that statistical modelling
suggested there were “likely to be
some people in this group who would
have been alive today if this had not
happened”.
Hunt told the House of Commons
that because of a computer algorithm
failure an estimated 450,000 women
aged between 68 and 71 were not
invited to their final breast screening
between 2009 and the start of 2018.
He said the error was a serious
failure of the screening programme
and apologised “wholeheartedly
and unreservedly for the suffering
caused”. He said: “Tragically there are
likely to be some people in this group
who would have been alive today if
this failure had not happened.”
Of the women who missed screenings, 309,000 were still alive and
would be contacted before the end of
May, and the first 65,000 notifications
would be sent out this week, he said.
The letters will tell women under
72 that they will automatically be sent
an invitation for a catchup screening, and those 72 and over
6 
will be given access to a
Cambridge
Analytica
Firm at heart
of Facebook
data scandal
to close down
News Page 4 Section:GDN 1N PaGe:2 Edition Date:180503 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 2/5/2018 19:46
•
Inside
Thursday 3 May 2018
The Guardian Thursday 3 May 2018
News
▼ Aras Amiri was arrested while
visiting her grandmother. She faces
a charge of ‘colluding and acting
against the national security’
National Pages 5-25
George Michael Family says it is time to
remove tributes outside his homes | Page 9
Local elections Your guide to what to look
out for on a big night of politics | Page 16-17
Hawking’s final theory Physicist completed
paper in the last weeks of his life | Page 21
Beaks with bite Fossil of an early bird is from
‘transitional moment’ say scientists | Page 25
World Pages 29-34
Abbas accused Palestinian president’s remarks
on Jewish people are condemned | Page 29
Crazed kangaroos Tourists attacked by animals
on the rampage after being fed junk food | Page 32
Comeback at 92 Mahathir Mohamad back in
Malaysian politics to topple his protege | Page 33
Financial Pages 35-37
High street woe House of Fraser to close stores
and cut jobs as part of restructuring deal | Page 35
Windfarm fight Controversy as energy firm
plans huge turbines for Isle of Lewis | Page 36
Journal Centre section
Javid’s dirty
ty
secret – a whole
ole
new generation
ion of
Windrusherss
Sonia Sodha
a
Page 3
The Lords
is not a house
of ‘unelected
wreckers’
Karan Bilimoria
Page
P
4
G2 Centre section, tucked inside Journal
Power of resilience What gives people in
desperate straits strength to carry on? | Page 4
One tub of hummus at a time The new,
charitable way of ending food waste | Page 6
Sport Back section
Frank Lampard ‘I’ve hardly kicked a ball since I
finished. I’ve got no craving to kick one’ | Page 46
Champions League All the action as Liverpool
and Roma fight for a place in the final | Page 50
British Council worker is
latest to be arrested in Iran
Saeed Kamali Dehghan
Iran correspondent
A London-based employee of the British Council has been arrested during
a family visit to Iran. Aras Amiri, a
32-year-old Iranian national, was visiting her home country to see her ailing
grandmother in March when she was
detained, her cousin, Mohsen Omrani,
said yesterday.
Amiri’s detention is the latest in a
string of arrests involving British dual
nationals or Iranians linked to British
institutions. Last week it emerged that
Abbas Edalat, a professor at Imperial
College London, had been arrested in
April by the Revolutionary Guards.
Yesterday the Foreign Office said
it was urgently seeking information
from Iran after being asked about the
arrest of Mahan Abedin, an IranianBritish analyst and writer.
Abedin’s publisher, Michael Dwyer,
said he was worried that Abedin might
have run into trouble during a recent
visit to Tehran. “While we heard from
RAF drone
strike in Syria
killed civilian,
MoD admits
Ewen MacAskill
Defence correspondent
Puzzles G2, page 16 | Journal, page 12
Contact
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guardian.letters@theguardian.com or
the address on the letters page.
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RECYCLING
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of UK newspapers
in 2017 was 64.6%
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An RAF drone strike killed a civilian in Syria last month, the first time
the Ministry of Defence has admitted
responsibility for the death of a noncombatant since beginning air attacks
in the region almost four years ago.
According to the MoD, a Reaper
drone armed with a Hellfire missile
fired at three suspected Islamic State
fighters on 26 March. Almost simultaneously, a civilian on a motorcycle
entered the target area and was killed
by the explosion too.
In a written statement to parliament
the defence secretary, Gavin Williamson, described the fatality as “deeply
regrettable”. The MoD has faced scepticism over repeated claims that not
a single airstrike out of 1,600 in Iraq
Mahan by email on Monday, we have
no way of verifying that his messages
are genuine, and his long radio silence
till then had puzzled us, given the
recent arrest of other British citizens
of Iranian descent,” he said.
The new cases are a worrying development for Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe,
the British woman serving a five-year
sentence in Tehran on alleged spying charges. Her family insists she is
being punished as a tool of diplomatic
pressure.
In a Facebook post, Omrani wrote:
“Aras has been jailed by forces belonging to Iran’s ministry of intelligence.
They arrested her before the Eid [Persian new year] and it’s now nearly 50
days that she is being kept in Evin prison’s ward 209.”
Omrani said Amiri had been accused
of colluding and acting against the
national security, a vague charge often
used by Iran’s intelligence apparatus.
Her lawyer has not yet had any access
to her, according to her cousin.
Before her arrest, Amiri had lived
in London for 10 years. She has a residence permit and is studying for a
and Syria had resulted in any known
civilian deaths since strikes began
in September 2014. The decision to
admit responsibility in this case follows a review of aerial footage and
other evidence.
Williamson said: “We do everything
we can to minimise the risk to civilian life from UK strikes through our
rigorous targeting processes and the
professionalism of UK service personnel. t is, therefore, deeply regrettable
that a UK airstrike on 26 March 2018,
targeting Daesh [Isis] fighters in eastern Syria, resulted in an unintentional
civilian fatality.
“During a strike to engage three
Daesh fighters, a civilian motorbike
crossed into the strike area at the last
moment and it is assessed that one
civilian was unintentionally killed.”
▲ The civilian died in an air attack
in Syria involving a Reaper drone
postgraduate degree in philosophy
of art at Kingston University. “Simultaneously she has been working for the
British Council,” wrote Omrani. “She
has worked on film festivals and cultural exchanges between UK and Iran.”
The British Council said Amiri had
not been on a work assignment during her visit. A spokesperson said the
Council was aware that one of its staff
had been detained. “The colleague
is an Iranian national. The British
Council does not have offices or representatives in Iran. We work remotely
to develop long-term people-to-people cultural links with Iran as we do in
over 100 other countries.”
Iran has a history of hostility
towards the British Council, a UK
charity that receives a 15% core funding grant from the UK government.
In 2009, Iran closed its offices in Tehran in reaction to the launch of the
BBC’s Persian service. In June 2009,
following unrest in the aftermath of
a disputed presidential election, Iran
arrested several local staff working for
the British embassy in Tehran.
The new arrests, which signal that
Iran is intensifying a crackdown on
British dual nationals or those linked
with British institutions, deal a blow to
Boris Johnson, who visited Tehran last
year to lobby the Iranian government
over Zaghari-Ratcliffe’s detention.
Richard Ratcliffe, Zaghari-Ratcliffe’s husband, said his heart went
out to all those newly arrested. “It is
a cruel business, and a disorienting
one. For Nazanin, we had hoped that
the foreign secretary’s trip to Tehran
in December and follow-up measures would have improved relations
between the UK and Iran,” he said yesterday. “Instead they seemed to stall in
the spring, even get worse. The foreign
secretary does not have an easy job.”
An FCO spokeswoman said: “We
will continue to approach each case
in a way that we judge is most likely
to secure the outcome we all want.
Therefore we will not be providing a
running commentary on every twist
and turn.”
Williamson added: “We reached
this conclusion after undertaking routine and detailed post-strike analysis
of all available evidence.”
A separate review will be carried out
by the US-led coalition, of which the
UK is a part. If the family of the dead
man comes forward, they will receive
compensation.
The former defence secretary,
Michael Fallon, met scepticism in 2015
when he told the BBC: “Our estimate is
that there hasn’t yet been a single civilian casualty because of the precision of
their strikes.” Independent data at the
time suggested the US-led coalition’s
overall record of civilian casualties was
roughly about 6-8%.
The MoD later elaborated to say that
while it could not state definitively that
no civilian had been killed, no one had
come forward up until this latest incident with evidence that there had been
a single death attributable to an RAF
strike. The MoD says it uses precision
weapons and that there are elaborate
checks before a strike is ordered to
avoid civilian casualties.
The use of drones is controversial,
with repeated questions about their
legality. As with strikes from planes,
there are also questions about the
accuracy of the intelligence on which
attacks are based.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:3 Edition Date:180503 Edition:03 Zone:
Sent at 2/5/2018 23:47
•••
Thursday 3 May 2018 The Guardian
News
3
became clear that there was a formula;
and – which is my own opinion, and
not necessarily that of the other panellists – it does make for a depressing
children’s literary landscape.”
His fellow judge, Julia Eccleshare,
co-founder of the award and children’s director of the Hay Festival,
expressed a similar view, pointing to
the “huge predominance” of domestic
dramas submitted for the prize. “Children’s adventure it seems has become
internal, the setting no longer the outside world but frequently the family,
with narrative tension and action arising from issues such as mental health
and individual trauma,” she said.
Writing in The Bookseller magazine, Eccleshare said the increasing
lack of freedom for children to be
outside alone correlates to the “dwindling” of fictional adventure stories,
which “this year … seemed almost to
have disappeared from new novels”.
The £1,000 Branford Boase prize,
for the most promising book for sevenyear-olds and upwards, steered away
from small-scale domestic stories
in its shortlist, going for adventures
like Yaba Badoe’s A Jigsaw of Fire and
Stars, in which a girl who is washed
ashore in a treasure chest grows up to
join the circus, and Sharon Cohen’s
The Starman and Me, pitched as “ET
meets Stig of the Dump”.
For Womack, small scale dramas,
focusing on illness or disability, can
be done well – he pointed to titles
including Mark Haddon’s The Curious
Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time,
and RJ Palacio’s Wonder – but “in
order to write this kind of narrative
you need to be very skilful and I just
think the problem is that publishers
and authors maybe imagine that if you
give a character an illness, they will be
sympathetic”.
“It’s become a trope – something
people do because they think that’s
what a book should be,” he said. What
authors should be doing instead,
he said, is presenting readers with
“worlds the child can explore.
“ The narrative itself becomes
closed and incremental and slow
because you’re limited by what the
child can see,” he said.
Eccleshare described the domestic
dramas as “a new kind of adventure
which depends on interaction rather
than action”.
“Today’s fictional children are faced
with problems which have no such
simple resolution. Many deal with
things going wrong in families: family
breakdown, accidents, deaths, mental health problems from depression
and addiction to borderline personality disorders, all of which it will be
impossible for a child to resolve as the
issues are insurmountable,” she said.
Children’s bookseller, Tamara
Mac farlane, of the shop Tales On
Moon Lane, attributed the shift in
emphasis to a wider focus on mental
health. “There has been a shift towards
more internal narratives and exploring
the internal journey,” she said. “It’s a
tricky one to handle. In most of the
great children’s books the first thing
you do is get rid of the parents, so the
children can have an adventure.
“I hope it’s not a reflection of the
claustrophobic nature of the times,
with everything being a bit overmonitored and over-measured and
over-controlled, and the lack of freedom children have now in terms of
getting out of the house and escaping.”
which produces match reports from
women’s games, said Hasbro was
missing a trick in not making the set
available to buy because there was a
growing fanbase of women’s football
who would snap up any merchandise.
“Why wouldn’t you make it commercially available? If they say they
are supporting the women’s game but
then not making it available for fans to
buy then that doesn’t really sit right,”
she said.
“I understand that they maybe want
to try it out but I am sure it would prove
popular.”
The media commentator, Mark
Borkowski, said: “If it’s not commercially available, you put it out there,
generate a huge amount of media
interest, see what the interest is and
then, perhaps, produce it further down
the line. It’s a well-known ploy.”
A spokesman for the FA denied the
all-female set was a gimmick and said
the organisation was in discussions
with Hasbro about producing a
commercially available all-female set.
A record number of tickets have
been sold for the Women’s FA cup final
on Saturday, with more than 40,000
fans expected at Wembley to see the
game between Arsenal and Chelsea
attracted by free tickets for children.
The game – a repeat of the 2016 final,
which Arsenal won 1-0 – to be broadcast live on BBC One.
Children’s authors turning from
adventure to ‘depressing drama’
Alison Flood
The fictional children of the past
frolicked on the heather-clad slopes
of Kirrin Island or battled the armies
of evil at Hogwarts, free from the
restrictions of their parents. Today,
according to the judge of a children’s
book prize, novelists are eschewing
adventure stories for “claustrophobic”
domestic dramas on a minute scale
and creating a “depressing children’s
literary landscape” in the process.
The author Philip Womack read 60
books along with his fellow judges
to come up with the shortlist for the
Branford Boase award, which rewards
children’s authors at the start of their
careers and has honoured names
from Meg Rosoff to Mal Peet in the
past. According to Womack, at least a
third of the submissions this year had
a “very similar narrative: there’s an ill
child at home, who notices something
odd, and is probably imagining it, but
not telling the reader. They’re all in the
first person, all in the present tense, all
of a type,” he said.
“There are some adventure stories
around today, but they tend not to be
debuts. Most of these stories tend to
be so enclosed, so claustrophobic, so
depressing and formulaic. It seems to
me to be rather a worrying new trend,”
he said.
“Whilst each had its own merits, it
Subbuteo’s female debutants left
playing behind closed doors only
Alexandra Topping
It is the football game beloved of dads
throughout Britain – but now Subbuteo
is making a push to move into the 21st
century by launching an all-female set
ahead of the SSE Women’s FA Cup final
on Saturday.
The Football Association said the
new edition reflected the growth of the
cYanmaGentaYellowbla
women’s game in the UK and would
help raise the sport’s profile. The limited edition set will feature 22 players
and six substitutes in the colours of
finalists Arsenal and Chelsea.
But the FA was defended the
partnership with makers of the game,
Hasbro, after it was dismissed by some
as a marketing ploy. The set is not going
on sale; it can only be won via FA social
media channels in the coming months.
Sophie Downey, of Girls on the Ball,
▲ Philip Womack bemoaned the
trend away from adventure stories
towards ‘claustrophobic’ domestic
dramas, but he conceded that the
latter can be done well, citing Mark
Haddon’s Curious Incident, below
Not for sale:
Subbuteo’s
Arsenal player
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:4 Edition Date:180503 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 2/5/2018 20:43
cYanmaGentaYellowbla
•
4
The Guardian Thursday 3 May 2018
News
▼ Christopher Wylie, the Cambridge
Analytica whistleblower, leaves after
a meeting on Capitol Hill, Washington
PHOTOGRAPH: ALEX BRANDON/AP
Cambridge Analytica to
close after fallout from
Facebook data scandal
Olivia Solon
San Francisco
SCL Group and its Cambridge Analytica
consultancy, which were at the centre
of this year’s Facebook privacy row,
are closing and starting insolvency
proceedings.
The company has been plagued by
scandal since the Observer reported
that the personal data of about 50 million Americans and at least a million
Britons had been harvested from Facebook and improperly shared with
Cambridge Analytica.
Cambridge Analytica denies any
wrongdoing, but says that the negative media coverage has left it with no
clients and mounting legal fees.
“Despite Cambridge Analytica’s unwavering confidence that its
employees have acted ethically and
lawfully, the siege of media coverage
Kanye West
suggestion
slavery was ‘a
choice’ sparks
outrage
has driven away virtually all of the
company’s customers and suppliers,”
said the company in a statement. “As
a result, it has been determined it is
no longer viable to continue operating the business, which left Cambridge
Analytica with no realistic alternative to placing the company into
administration.”
The company has started insolvency proceedings in the US and UK.
The scandal centres on data collected from Facebook users via a
personality app developed by the
Cambridge University researcher
Aleksandr Kogan. The data was collected via Facebook’s “Graph API”, the
interface through which third parties
could interact with Facebook’s platform. This allowed Kogan to pull
data about users and their friends,
including likes, activities, location,
photos, religion, politics and relationship details. He passed the data
to Cambridge Analytica, in breach of
Facebook’s platform policies.
Christopher Wylie, the original
Cambridge Analytica whistleblower,
told the Observer that the data Kogan
obtained was used to influence the
outcome of the US presidential election and Brexit. According to Wylie the
data was fed into software that profiles
voters and tries to target them with
personalised political advertisements.
Cambridge Analytica insists it never
incorporated the Kogan data.
The CEO of Cambridge Analytica, Alexander Nix, was suspended
in late March after Channel 4 News
broadcast secret recordings in which
he claimed credit for the election of
Donald Trump. He told an undercover
reporter: “We did all the research, all
the data, all the analytics, all the targeting. We ran all the digital campaign,
the television campaign and our data
informed all the strategy.”
He also revealed the firm used a
self-destruct email server to erase its
digital history.
The episode has shone a spotlight
on the way that Facebook data is collected, shared and used to target
West, who has
voiced support
for Donald
Trump, alludes
to slavery and
political party
allegiances in his
latest release, Ye
Vs the People
OUR ancestors did not choose to be
stolen from mother Africa. OUR ancestors did not choose to be ripped of
our religion, language, culture. OUR
ancestors did not choose to be murdered, lynched, castrated, raped,
burnt at the stake, families sold apart.
OUR ancestors built this country (on
land stolen from the Native Americans) from the ground up under the
institution of SLAVERY.”
Will.i.am told Good Morning Britain that West’s words “broke my heart
… When you’re a slave, you’re owned.
You don’t choose if you’re owned.
When you’re a slave you’re deprived
of education. That’s not choice, that’s
by force. So I understand the need to
have free thought, but if your thoughts
aren’t researched, that is just going to
hurt those that are still in conditions
where it’s not choice.”
Ava DuVernay, the director of the
Martin Luther King biopic Selma,
added: “Evoking racial terrorism and
murder for personal gain/blame is
stratospheric in its ignorance.”
West’s return to the spotlight has
preceded the release of two albums
out in June. The rapper released two
tracks last weekend, including Ye Vs
the People, which alludes to slavery:
“See that’s the problem with this damn
nation / All blacks gotta be Democrats,
man, we ain’t made it off the plantation”. Referring to the Make America
Great Again cap also worn by Trump,
he rapped: “Make America Great Again
had a negative perception / I took it,
wore it, rocked it, gave it a new direction / Added empathy, care and love
and affection.”
West did receive support from
the rapper the Game, who tweeted:
“Kanye is a genius. People who’ve
never achieved greatness are not
allowed to question it.”
But others castigated West, including the rapper Talib Kweli, who said:
“Bro out here putting targets on our
backs. Slavery was not a choice.”
PHOTOGRAPH: TAYLOR
HILL/GETTY IMAGES
G2 Ben Beaumont-Thomas Page 8
‘SLAVERY ...
A CHOICE???
My brother,
OUR ancestors did not
choose to be
stolen from
Africa’
Spike Lee
Film director
Ben Beaumont-Thomas
Kanye West has caused outrage
among civil rights activists and fellow musicians by suggesting slavery
was “a choice”.
The rapper, who has been tweeting
support for Donald Trump in recent
weeks, was talking about the president, free thinking and labels before
he moved on to slavery in an interview with the celebrity news website
TMZ. “When you hear about slavery
for 400 years … for 400 years?” West
said. “That sounds like a choice … It’s
like we’re mentally in prison.”
He later clarified his comments on
Twitter, saying: “To make myself clear.
Of course I know that slaves did not get
shackled and put on a boat by free will
... My point is for us to have stayed in
that position even though the numbers were on our side means that we
were mentally enslaved.
“Once again I am being attacked for
presenting new ideas.”
His comments prompted an instant
and vociferous backlash, first of all in
the TMZ newsroom, where the host
Van Lathan told West: “While you are
making music and being an artist and
living the life that you’ve earned ... the
rest of us in society have to deal with
these threats to our lives.”
The film director Spike Lee wrote:
“SLAVERY... A CHOICE??? My Brother,
people with advertising. The social
network initially scrambled to blame
rogue third parties for “platform
abuse”. At first Facebook said: “The
entire company is outraged we were
deceived.” It then unveiled sweeping
changes to its privacy settings and data
sharing practices.
“This was a breach of trust between
Kogan, Cambridge Analytica and
Facebook,” said Mark Zuckerberg
in a Facebook post. “But it was also
a breach of trust between Facebook
and the people who share their data
with us and expect us to protect it. We
need to fix that.”
Facebook first discovered that
Kogan had shared data with Cambridge Analytica when a Guardian
journalist contacted the company
about it at the end of 2015. It asked
Cambridge Analytica to delete the
data and revoked Kogan’s apps’ API
access. However, Facebook relied on
Cambridge Analytica’s word that they
had done so.
After it was revealed that the data
had not been deleted, Facebook
revoked Cambridge Analytica’s access
to its platform and launched an investigation of “thousands” of apps that
had similar access and made several
changes to restrict how much thirdparty developers can access from
people’s profiles.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:5 Edition Date:180503 Edition:01 Zone:
Thursday 3 May 2018 The Guardian
Baby box alert
Expert raises alarm
on Scottish scheme
Page 8
Sent at 2/5/2018 20:36
cYanmaGentaYellowbla
•
Final thoughts
ghts
Hawking’s last
lished
theory published
Page 21
5
Redress
Lawyers
prepare legal
claims
Owen Bowcott
Tory whip ensures papers
on Windrush scandal will
not be released to MPs
Peter Walker
Political correspondent
The government defeated a Labour
motion in the Commons last night
seeking access to documents laying
out the policies behind the Windrush
crisis, promising instead to allow
independent oversight of an internal
review into what went wrong.
Labour had put down the same type
of “humble address” procedure it used
last year to force ministers to hand
over their Brexit impact assessments,
to seek documents and memos connected to the affair from 2010 to now.
After an often passionate five-hour
debate about how some citizens of Caribbean origin who arrived in Britain
from the 1950s onwards were wrongly
targeted as part of the “hostile environment” immigration policy, a three-line
Conservative whip ensured the government won by 316 votes to 221.
Labour’s shadow home secretary,
Diane Abbott, called the result “a
betrayal of the Windrush generation”.
She said: “After losing her human
shield with the resignation of Amber
Rudd, the architect of this scandal, Theresa May, ordered her MPs
to vote to cover up the truth of her
involvement.”
In an attempt to derail the Labour
motion, May had used prime minister’s questions earlier in the day to say
the home secretary, Sajid Javid, would
be “announcing a package of measures
to bring transparency on the issue”.
Speaking at the debate, Javid said
this would involve “independent
oversight and challenge to a lessonslearned review already underway in
my department”.
Javid said: “This review will seek
to draw out how members of the
Windrush generation came to be tangled in measures designed for illegal
immigrants, why that was not spotted
sooner, and whether the right corrective measures are now in place.”
He called the Labour request for the
Windrush information, to be passed to
the Commons home affairs committee, a “massive, open-ended fishing
expedition” that would require 100
officials to fulfil.
Javid again promised a change in
tone from the “hostile environment”
approach, but was repeatedly challenged on whether this would amount
to any real shift in approach.
In the debate, Abbott challenged
Javid on his stated intent to move to
a “compliant environment”, saying
she could not detect any real change.
The hostile environment “swept
up perfectly legal British citizens
‘The architect of this
scandal, Theresa
May, ordered her
MPs to vote to cover
up the truth of her
involvement‘
Diane Abbott
After Commons defeat
▲ Diane Abbott, who joined a protest
outside Parliament on Monday, called
defeat of Labour’s motion yesterday a
betrayal of the Windrush generation
PHOTOGRAPH: JOHN KEEBLE/GETTY IMAGES
with it”, Abbott said. “Unless and
until the prime minister announces
the abandonment of the form of hostile environment policy which she
instituted, and demonstrates that that
is the case, then we should all understand that the policy remains in place.”
David Lammy, the Labour MP who
has campaigned consistently on the
Windrush scandal, told the Commons real progress could be made
only if the government changed its
broader approach to immigration
enforcement.
“The home secretary has committed himself to a fair and humane
immigration policy, and in my view
it’s not possible to have a fair and
humane immigration policy alongside
the hostile environment. That is a total
contradiction in terms,” Lammy said.
He likened the use of the phrase
“compliant environment” to the
language used in slavery. The Tottenham MP, whose father came to Britain
from Guyana in 1956, said compliance
was “written deep into our souls and
passed down from our ancestors”.
Responding for the government the
immigration minister, Caroline Nokes
again said sorry, but spoke of the “failure of successive governments” as
being the cause.
Journal Leader comment Page 2
Journal Sonia Sodha Page 3
Lawyers have begun preparing group
compensation claims on behalf of
members of the Windrush generation
who were denied services, wrongfully
detained or forced out of work.
The threat of legal action comes
as the Home Office is developing an
official redress scheme that it hopes
will be seen as sufficiently generous to
prevent cases coming to court.
The injustices were intensified,
according to the Law Society, by deep
cuts to legal aid that deprived individuals of advice and support over their
residential status at the time they most
needed it to cope with the government’s “hostile environment” policy.
Support for immigration claims
was withdrawn by the coalition
government’s Legal Aid Sentencing
and Punishment of Offenders (Laspo)
Act. Figures since then record a dramatic decline: in 2012-13, legal aid for
immigration was granted to 22,496
cases; by 2016-17, that number had
fallen to three.
The London law firm Leigh Day is
already working on compensation
claims on behalf of people who lost
their jobs or were denied entry into
the UK after they went on holiday to
the Caribbean. It has not yet lodged
papers with the courts.
Jamie Beagent, a solicitor at the
firm, said most would be brought as
unlawful discrimination but some
could top the higher legal threshold of
degrading treatment outlawed under
article 3 of the European convention
on human rights.
“We have one case where someone
who had been on holiday in Jamaica
was detained on his return at the airport and deported,” said Beagent. “In
another case, someone was escorted
from their workplace by immigration
officers. Most of them were born in the
Caribbean but a couple are Canadians
who came here in the 1960s before the
1971 Immigration Act.”
Commonwealth immigrants who
arrived before 1971 acquired, without
the need for documents, an automatic
indefinite right to remain. Many had
been invited to Britain to help rebuild
the economy after the war.
Beagent said: “We would be aiming
to bring in test cases to establish that
the ‘hostile environment’ [created by
Theresa May when home secretary
to deal with illegal immigration]
discriminated against the Windrush
generation.”
He added: “Whilst Amber Rudd may
have resigned, it was the current prime
minister who made this policy real for
many thousands of British citizens.”
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:6 Edition Date:180503 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 2/5/2018 20:27
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•
6
The Guardian Thursday 3 May 2018
National
Health
Analysis
Sarah Boseley
‘Not everyone
shares Hunt’s
interpretation’
T
housands of women
have not been
called for their last
mammogram before
they turn 70 because
of a computer failure
that goes back to 2009, the health
secretary, Jeremy Hunt, told the
Commons. He says some will have
avoidably died as a result.
The women were enrolled in
AgeX, an NHS trial to find out
whether extra screening would
protect older women from breast
cancer. The records of the women
taking part had a “flag” on the
NHS system, which meant they
did not receive any more routine
invitations for screening. Half of
those taking part would have been
screened as part of the trial, but
the other half would not, enabling
researchers to work out whether
screening beyond 70 saves lives.
Hunt said it had taken 10 years
for the mistake to be recognised.
Some cancers that could have been
picked up early will have been
missed, he said.
The health secretary spoke of
a disaster and apologised, but not
everybody shares that interpretation of what has happened. Since
January, Public Health England has
been investigating and talking to
experts, some of whom say it is not
as clear cut as Hunt made it appear.
Sir Richard Peto, professor
of medical statistics at Oxford
University where the AgeX study is
run, says what has not been understood is that the screening system
works on a three-year cycle. That
means some women have their last
mammogram at 67, some at 68,
some at 69 and some at 70. That’s
how the screening system was set
up. They have never been offered
a last screening specifically in the
year of their 70th birthday.
The randomised trials in AgeX
have not yet been concluded, so
there is no good evidence as yet
even as to the benefits of screening
women over 70.
Hunt acknowledged several
times in his statement that there
was no consensus among experts as to whether the benefits
of screening for older women
outweigh the harms. But there
may still be women whose cancers
could have been caught at an early
stage.
An inquiry chaired by Lynda
Thomas, the chief executive of
Macmillan Cancer Support, and
Prof Martin Gore from the Royal
Marsden cancer hospital will look
into each case to find out whether
a system that was supposed to
help women, actually let some of
them down.
Fears breast cancer blunder
may have cut short lives
Continued from page 1
helpline to decide whether a screening is appropriate, he said.
Hunt said his department would
contact the families of women who
had died of breast cancer, and who
believed they had missed a screening, to apologise and offer a process to
establish whether the missed scan led
to shortening of their life. “We recognise this will be incredibly distressing
for some families,” he said. Family
members would have their concerns
investigated and compensation may
be payable if the error is found to have
led to earlier death, he said.
The regular screenings offered to
women who are most at risk of developing the disease mean signs of early
cancer development can be picked up
before they notice the symptoms.
Many families will be “deeply disturbed by these revelations”, he said,
especially those recently diagnosed
or those who were recently bereaved.
“For them and others, it is incredibly
upsetting to know that you did not
receive an invitation to screening at
a correct time and totally devastating
to hear you may have lost or be
about to lose a loved one because of
administrative incompetence.”
The issue came to light because of an
upgrade to the IT system for the breast
screening invitation programme. Dr
Jenny Harries, PHE’s deputy medical
director, said the body was “very sorry
for these faults in the system”.
“We have carried out urgent work to
identify the problem and have fixed it.
Additional failsafe systems have been
introduced to ensure the problem does
not reoccur,” she said.
The root of the problem was an NHS
trial designed to find out whether extra
screening would protect older women
from breast cancer. Set up in 2009, the
AgeX trial at the University of Oxford
ran in 65 breast cancer units across
England, but a computer glitch meant
women randomly selected for the trial
had their final routine screenings
before their 70th birthday cancelled.
Half will then have had additional
screenings as part of the trial, but
half will not, totalling an estimated
450,000 women.
The inquiry is likely to raise questions for Labour, under whom the
IT errors occurred, as well as for the
Conservatives over why the glitch
was not picked up sooner – and if any
warning signs were missed.
Hunt said the inquiry would establish how many people were affected,
why the error occurred and how it
Breast cancer was detected in
18,400 women over the age of 45
in England last year
• Women aged 45+ • Aged 50-70, thousands
20
15
10
5
03
05
07
09
11
13
15
Source: NHS breast screening programme
17
could be prevented. It will also examine why it took nearly a decade to pick
up the problem and whether ministers
were informed early enough.
The inquiry will be chaired by Lynda
Thomas, the chief executive of Macmillan cancer support, and Prof Martin
Gore, consultant medical oncologist
at the Royal Marsden. It will review
the entire breast screening programme
and report back in six months.
Jonathan Ashworth, shadow health
secretary, said Hunt must give assurances that checks were being carried
out to make sure no one was missing
screenings for other cancers. “Eight
years is a long time for an error of this
magnitude to go undetected,” he said,
saying ministers must look at whether
early warning signs were missed.
The Labour MP Lisa Nandy said she
had concerns about whether overstretched NHS screening services
would be able to meet extra demand.
Hunt said new resources would be
found where scans and treatment were
needed “to make sure other people
are not disadvantaged.” It is unclear
whether extra funding is required.
The Royal College of Radiologists
said the catch-up test would place
strain on screening units. Its vicepresident, Caroline Rubin, said units
were already stretched. “We need
funding for more training posts for
radiologists to ensure the screening
program – and the NHS as a whole –
has the vital imaging doctors it needs.”
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:7 Edition Date:180503 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 2/5/2018 20:27
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•
Thursday 3 May 2018 The Guardian
IT error
What you need to know
7
MPs grill TSB’s ‘complacent’
boss over bank’s IT failure
Breast screening declined to its lowest point in 2017
Uptake among women aged 50-70, %
75%
74
71.1%
2017
Rob Davies
73
72
2009
71
AgeX trial begins
70
2003
2005
2007
2009
2011
2013
2015
2017
Source: NHS breast screening programme
▲ Screening
for women at
most risk means
signs of early
development
can be picked up
before there are
any symptoms
How do you
know if you
have been
affected?
Of the women who missed screenings, 309,000
are still alive and will be sent a letter informing
them of the error by the end of May. The first
65,000 notifications are to be sent out this
week. The letters will invite women under 72
for a catchup screening. Those 72 and over will
be given access to a helpline to decide whether
a screening is appropriate. Public Health
England says women aged 70-79 registered
with a GP who do not receive a letter do not
need a catchup screening. Those not registered
with a GP who believe they have been affected
should contact the helpline on 0800 169 2692.
What should
I do now?
The advice from PHE is for women to be
aware of any changes to their breasts. The
government added that if women have any
concerns they should visit their GP, but those
registered with their family doctors who do not
receive a letter by end of this month should be
reassured they have not missed a screening.
Is anyone
under 70
or over 80
affected?
Official advice says no one under the age of
70 has been affected and that only a small
proportion of women at the upper age limit of
the NHS programme, who were aged from 70
to 71, were affected.
Has anything
like this
happened
before?
PHOTOGRAPH:
BURGER/PHANIE/REX/
SHUTTERSTOCK
The NHS breast screening
programme was
established in 1987 and
began inviting women
in 1988, aiming to offer
mammographic screening
to women aged 50-64
every three years. Glitches
haven’t been reported
before now. It is believed
that AgeX – an NHS trial
to find out whether extra
screening would protect
older women from breast
cancer – could have
inadvertently caused the
problem. The error that led
to the missed screenings
was programmed into
the system at the start
of the trial in 2009. The
government only realised
the mistake almost a
decade later.
What is
being done
to ensure
future
invitations?
The government has said urgent work is being
carried out on the computerised invitation
system and that an additional failsafe
mechanism has been introduced to ensure
that the problem does not recur.
What if I
have noticed
a change in
my breasts?
If you have noticed changes to your breasts or
had any breast cancer symptoms, you should
see your GP. The symptoms of breast cancer
include a lump in the breast, dimpling of the
skin or thickening in the breast tissue, a nipple
that is turned in, and pain or discomfort in
the breast that doesn’t go away. There is more
information on the NHS Choices website.
Sarah Marsh
The chief executive of TSB will forfeit a
£2m bonus after an IT failure left thousands of customers unable to access
bank accounts, as MPs called the boss
“extraordinarily complacent”.
In a bruising session before the
Treasury select committee, TSB’s chief
executive, Paul Pester, and the bank’s
chairman, Richard Meddings, said
they had received 40,000 complaints
about the outage but did not know how
many of the bank’s 1.9 million online
customers had been affected.
Meddings told MPs that Pester had
volunteered to give up a £2m bonus
due from switching to a new IT system,
hinting that other executives may also
have their bonuses slashed. But Pester
could still receive up to £1.3m in other
bonuses for 2018, on top of £1.3m for
basic pay, benefits and pension.
Pester refused to predict when the
problems, which have affected customers for 10 days, would be fixed.
The committee’s chair, Nicky Morgan,
accused him of being “extraordinarily
complacent” after he said TSB’s move
to a new IT system, which triggered the
problems, had mostly run smoothly.
She said: “What we are hearing this
afternoon is the most staggering example of a chief executive who seems
unwilling to realise the scale of the
problem that is being faced.”
Pester said 95% of customers were
now able to log in to the bank’s mobile
app and website without problems.
However, MPs on the committee read out emails and tweets from
£250m spent on
starter homes
but not a single
one built so far
Robert Booth
The government has spent £250m to
boost starter home construction but
not a single property has so far been
built, it emerged yesterday.
Dominic Raab, the housing minister, made the admission in response to
a question from the shadow housing
secretary, John Healey, who described
the government’s performance as “a
betrayal of young Brits looking for help
to buy a first home”.
In March 2016, the government
announced a £1.2bn fund to help
deliver “200,000 quality starter homes
by 2020 exclusively for first-time
buyers at a 20% discount on market
value”. The promise was originally
made in the Conservatives’ 2015 general election manifesto.
The aim was to use the cash to
support the purchase and clean-up
of sites to guarantee the construction of starter homes. It recognised
that the cost of making brownfield
customers suggesting ongoing chaos.
One customer said they had spent 14
hours on the phone to customer services, while another said they could
not pay their gas and electricity bills,
and a third said they risked a house
purchase falling through because they
could not access bank statements.
Morgan questioned the notion that
the IT problems were mostly fixed,
saying customers had been put in an
“impossible financial situation”.
The MP Simon Clarke said Pester’s
belief that most customers were now
banking without problems could not
be true unless there was a “mass conspiracy by members of the public”.
Customers began having problems
with their accounts on 23 April after
the bank – now owned by the Spanish lender Sabadell – moved from an
IT system inherited from the previous
owner, Lloyds Banking Group.
Pester and Meddings said customers would receive compensation from
TSB, not only for any financial loss but
also for emotional distress and inconvenience, adding that no customer
would be left “out of pocket”.
▲ Paul Pester said 95% of customers
could now log in. MPs disputed this
sites usable can make some places
unviable for development. Ministers
believed targeted interventions could
boost housebuilding at the bottom of
the market where the affordability crisis has bitten most deeply.
In January 2017, the then housing
minister, Gavin Barwell, who is now
Theresa May’s chief of staff, said the
first homes would be built that year following partnership agreements with
30 local authorities.
He said: “This first wave of partnerships shows the strong local interest
to build thousands of starter homes
on hundreds of brownfield sites in the
coming years. One in three councils
has expressed an interest to work with
us so far.”
However, after Raab confirmed
that “some £250m of the Starter
Homes Land Fund has been spent to
date”, a spokesman for the Ministry of
Housing, Communities and Local Government confirmed: “At the moment
no specific starter homes have been
built yet.”
The government has placed the
operation of the flagship fund “under
review”.
Healey said: “There are now a million fewer homeowners under 45 than
in 2010 but the Tories are doing too little to give working people on ordinary
incomes a hand up. Ministers should
get a grip and back Labour’s plan to
help first-time buyers with first-dibs
on new homes for local people.”
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:8 Edition Date:180503 Edition:01 Zone:S
Sent at 2/5/2018 15:17
•
8
Wet wipes
‘changing
the shape
of British
riverbeds’
cYanmaGentaYellowbl
The Guardian Thursday 3 May 2018
National
Bibi van der Zee
Wet wipes are changing the shape of
British riverbeds, campaigners say,
after finding more than 5,000 wipes
along the Thames in an area of 116 sq
metres (1,250 sq feet).
Thames 21, a London environmental
organisation that cleans up rivers and
canals, retrieved 5,453 wet wipes last
month at the Thames embankment
near Hammersmith.
The haul was nearly 1,000 more
than last year’s total, which took place
over a larger area.
“You need to go at low tide to see
the mounds forming,” said Kirsten
Downer of Thames 21. “The Thames
riverbed is changing. Wet wipes are
accumulating on the riverbed and
affecting the shape of the riverbed. It
looks natural but when you get close
you can see that these clumps are
composed of wet wipes mixed with
twigs and mud.”
Wet wipes are a booming industry
with their own conference and even
a “moist towelette” online museum.
The sector is innovating, and alongside
baby wipes you can now buy personal
care wipes, household wipes, industrial wipes, pet wipes and speciality
anti-malarial wipes. The business is
expected to grow about 6-7% a year,
and to expand from a $3bn international market to $4bn (£3bn) by 2021.
But there is growing concern about
the environmental impact. The wipes
are usually made of a fabric-like cotton woven with plastic resins such as
polyester or polypropylene, which are
not biodegradable.
“People don’t realise that you are
not supposed to flush wet wipes down
the toilet,” said Downer.
A study last year by Water UK, which
represents UK water and sewerage
companies, found wet wipes made up
93% of the material causing blockages.
Thames 21 is working with the environmental campaign organisation City
to Sea to raise awareness of the scale
of the problem. It hopes to meet the
Department for Environment, Food
and Rural Affairs to discuss improving
labelling to make people more aware
of whether they are using non-flushable wipes.
Cot death expert raises
fears over baby boxes
given out in Scotland
Severin Carrell
Scotland editor
A world expert on cot deaths has raised
safety concerns about cardboard baby
boxes given out free to thousands of
new mothers in Scotland.
Tens of thousands of baby boxes,
which include a mattress, blankets, a
digital thermometer, clothes, books
and bathing products, have been given
to expectant mothers free under a
nationwide scheme launched by Scottish ministers last year.
Scotland’s chief medical officer,
Catherine Calderwood, and Scottish
ministers have repeatedly said the box
“is designed to provide a safe sleep
space for babies and has been awarded
British safety standard accreditation
as a crib for domestic use”.
Peter Blair, a specialist in medical
statistics with the University of Bristol
medical school, has disputed that in a
detailed memo to the Scottish government seen by the Guardian.
He said there was no evidence the
boxes were safe or reduced cot deaths,
and urged them to stop claiming they
were a safe sleeping space, except in
rare cases or emergencies.
Blair, who is on an expert panel
advising Scottish ministers on the
project, said in his memo that the
boxes presented risks to a baby’s
health mainly because they were so
high-sided that a parent would need to
hover directly overhead to make sure
their child was safe.
“They shouldn’t be advocating
infants sleep in these boxes unless
there isn’t anything else available,”
he said.
Meanwhile, the British Standards
Institution, Britain’s official national
product safety standards body, has
cast doubt over whether the boxes
have the full safety accreditation
claimed by the Scottish government.
The government insisted this week
that its box was the first non-commercial cardboard baby box in the world to
be given safety accreditation.
However, the BSI told the Guardian
that no safety standard was available
for these boxes in Britain. It said it was
only now starting work on designing
that standard.
“At present there is no standard
that covers baby boxes,” the institution said in a statement. “There may
be some clauses of the BS EN 1130 furniture, cribs and cradles for domestic
use series that could be applicable to
baby boxes, but BS EN 1130 is a furniture standard and not intended for
cardboard baby boxes.”
Blair is chair of the International
Society for the Study and Prevention
of Perinatal and Infant Death (Ispid), a
body that includes the Lullaby Trust,
a charity that specialises in cot
deaths, which issued similar warnings last year.
He sent the Scottish government
a draft statement backed by Ispid’s
board that the society is planning to
publish later this month, which says
“baby boxes should not be promoted
as a public health strategy without the
evidence being in place”.
▲ Cardboard baby box given to Scottish parents PHOTOGRAPH: SCOTTISH GOVERNMENT/PA
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:9 Edition Date:180503 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 2/5/2018 19:10
cYanmaGentaYellowbla
•
Thursday 3 May 2018 The Guardian
National
9
▼ Fans established a memorial
garden outside George Michael’s
Highgate home after his death in 2016
PHOTOGRAPH: KIRSTY O’CONNOR/PA
Zephaniah
admits violent
treatment of
ex-girlfriend
Alison Flood
George Michael’s family asks fans
to take down tributes at his homes
Nadia Khomami
Relatives of George Michael have
asked fans to take down tributes left
outside the late singer’s homes in London and Oxfordshire after the growing
popularity of impromptu memorials
that have turned into international
tourist attractions began to divide
local residents and conservationists.
Fans of Michael, who was found
dead at his riverside house in Goring,
Oxfordshire, on Christmas Day 2016,
flocked to his two properties to create
memorial gardens filled with flowers,
poems and cards. In Highgate, north
London, an area that counts A-list
celebrities as residents, a triangle
of land opposite Michael’s Grade IIlisted house has been festooned with
offerings.
In a statement on his official
website, members of Michael’s family,
including his sisters, Mel and Yioda,
father, Jack, and friend David Austin,
said they had been touched by the tributes celebrating and remembering Yog
– their nickname for Michael.
“However, we feel we cannot expect
our Highgate and Goring neighbours
to continue to accept as normality
the memorials so personal to you all
to remain as and where they are any
longer,” they said.
The statement asked fans, who
call themselves “Lovelies”, to pick
up tributes by 27 May and make a
donation to charity instead, “so we
can return both Mill Cottage [Goring]
and The Grove to their former simple
state”. The family added that Michael
liked his privacy and “would not want
to disturb or change the quiet neighbourhoods he so loved for the people
in the local area, who honestly, despite
reports otherwise, have been gracious
and very understanding”.
The houses on Michael’s road in
Highgate face the famous Flask pub
and are one of the area’s biggest
attractions. Former residents include
Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Sting, Annie
Lennox, Kate Moss and Victoria Wood.
At present no permanent memorial to Michael exists. Fans have
campaigned for a lifesize bronze statue
of the singer on the land outside his
Highgate property.
But though the campaign was
backed by Michael’s record label, Sony,
and by local councillors, his family
decided against the statue, saying he
was a private person and would consider such a gesture “embarrassing”.
The Highgate Society planning
committee has also said plans for a
statue were problematic.
“We are hoping, into the future,
to get back to you with some more
thoughts on ways and ideas to remember Yog that we hope you’ll like, and
be a part of,” Michael’s family said in
their recent statement.
Annette McHail, who lays flowers
near Michael’s Mill Cottage home,
told the BBC that the decision would
“put the house back to how George
would like it”.
“He was a private person and I can
appreciate what the family are saying:
it needs to go back to normal now,”
McHail said.
The acclaimed author and poet
Benjamin Zephaniah has admitted
that he hit a former girlfriend.
Speaking on BBC Radio 5 Live,
Zephaniah, who is one of Britain’s
best-known poets, confessed that in
the past he had been violent to a partner. “The way I treated some of my
girlfriends was terrible. At one point
I was violent. I was never like one of
these persons who have a girlfriend,
who’d constantly beat them, but I
could lose my temper sometimes,”
he told presenter Nihal Arthanayake.
“There was one girlfriend that I had,
and I actually hit her a couple of times,
and as I got older I really regretted it.
It burned my conscience so badly.
It really ate at me, you know. And
I’m a meditator. It got in the way of
my meditation.”
The child of a violent home – he
has spoken publicly about how his
father beat his mother, and wrote
a BBC radio play about it called Listen to Your Parents – Zephaniah said
he moved away from violence himself as he became involved in politics,
and in protests against South African
apartheid in the 80s and early 90s.
“I remember I was on a march and
I was saying ‘Freedom! International
freedom!’, and I thought, ‘I just left
my girlfriend at home and told her not
to leave the house – I’m a hypocrite.
I’m an oppressor and a hypocrite,’
and at that moment, I just stopped,”
he recalled. “I said, ‘Right, I’m going
to think for myself, I’m going to stop
following the crowd.’ Because that was
what all my male friends were doing.”
Zephaniah was appearing on the
show to promote his autobiography,
The Life and Rhymes of Benjamin
Zephaniah.
He said he had not written about
the violence in the memoir, but told
Arthanayake that he had apologised
to his former girlfriend and had also
donated money to women’s refuges.
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•••
Thursday 3 May 2018 The Guardian
National
11
Co-op launches ‘direct cremation’ service
as attitudes shift from traditional funerals
Rebecca Smithers
The UK’s largest funeral director is to
launch a no-frills “direct cremation”
service in the next few weeks, amid
changing attitudes to death and a shift
towards more celebratory gatherings
to honour the dead rather than traditional funerals.
Co-op Funeralcare reports growing
interest in direct cremations – a more
basic option with no mourners present
– and typically followed later by a scattering of ashes or memorial service.
The plan is revealed as the Co-op
undertakes the biggest ever survey
Calls intensify for
inquiry into claims
of Bercow bullying
Heather Stewart
Jessica Elgot
The Speaker of the House of Commons, John Bercow, came under
increased pressure yesterday after
the prime minister called for new
claims of bullying against him to be
formally investigated. Bercow’s former private secretary has alleged that
the Speaker was prone to angry outbursts and obscene language.
May’s spokesman told journalists:
“The prime minister has been very
clear from the start that there is no
place for bullying or harassment in the
workplace, including parliament. It’s
a matter for parliament to decide how
to proceed, but the latest allegations
are concerning and should be properly investigated.”
The former private secretary, Angus
Sinclair, told Newsnight on Tuesday
that Bercow was prone to “over-thetop anger” and that he was “not sure
he was completely in control of it”.
He claimed Bercow had undermined
him in front of other staff and once
smashed a mobile phone over his desk.
Sinclair also claimed the Speaker
had told him he was no longer needed
after the 2010 general election and
that he was given compulsory early
retirement with an £86,250 payoff
conditional on a non-disclosure agreement. His successor, Kate Emms, has
also alleged that Bercow bullied her.
After the prime minister’s intervention, the leader of the House of
▲ Bercow’s former secretary claimed
he was prone to ‘over-the-top anger’
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Commons, Andrea Leadsom, suggested the inquiry into the treatment
of parliamentary staff, being conducted by Dame Laura Cox, could be
expanded to consider the allegations.
She said: “It is for Dame Laura Cox QC
to consider whether the terms of reference of her independent inquiry need
to be expanded, to allow for individual
investigations to take place.
“We must call out unacceptable
behaviour and stand by the House
staff who do so much for us.”
The call was echoed by the FDA
union of civil servants, which represents dozens of parliamentary staff.
Its general secretary, Dave Penman,
said: “If justice is to be served, then all
of those who have been denied it need
access to an independent complaints
process, not only those who may make
a complaint against the Speaker.”
Maria Miller, the Conservative chair
of the women and equalities committee, challenged Bercow about the
allegations in the Commons: “What
steps will you be taking to staff both
current and former that they can speak
out about wrongdoing experienced
whilst working in this place?” She also
called on him to make a personal statement about the latest claims.
The Speaker insisted he had no personal involvement in drawing up the
“compromise agreements” signed
by departing staff, which he said did
not prevent staff making complaints.
He refused to comment on the latest
allegations.
Bercow then accepted a supportive
intervention from the Conservative
MP Julian Lewis, who asked him to
confirm that most of his staff were
long-serving. “I have a superb team,”
he said. “I am also happy to confirm
that the great majority of people who
have left my service have done so on
perfectly amicable terms.”
Labour MP Barry Sheerman tweeted
in support of Bercow: “I have known
John Bercow since he came into parliament. He is not a bully, but a small
group of House officials hated his
determination to shake up and modernise the House of Commons.”
A spokesman for the Speaker’s
office said Bercow “strenuously denies
that there is any substance to any of
these allegations”.
Additional reporting Rajeev Syal
of British attitudes to dying, together
with charities including Cruse and
Dying Matters, in an effort to break the
taboos around bereavement. The poll
aims to consult 20,000 adults.
David Collingwood, director of
funerals at Co-op Funeralcare, said:
“ Talking about death is one of the
hardest conversations people have
to have and many choose to avoid it.
But having to make lots of decisions
under pressure can add to the stress
and pain of bereavement. We would
really encourage people to discuss or
write down their wishes.”
He said many people did not ask
for “direct cremations” because they
£1,500
The price of ‘direct cremations’ at
Co-op Funeralcare. Its average
standard funeral costs £3,944
were not aware of them. But there has
been growing interest since the death
of David Bowie in 2016. He was cremated without any family or friends
present as he did not want a funeral,
and his ashes were scattered in Bali.
Co-op Funeralcare’s 1,000-plus
funeral homes will offer direct cremation for £1,400-£1,500. This compares
with its standard funeral, which in
2017 had an average cost of £3,944.
Jeff Brazier, author of The Grief Survival Guide. “You’re never too young
for it to impact you. The more we talk
about it, the less a taboo it becomes.”
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•
Thursday 3 May 2018 The Guardian
National
Brexit
Javid joins Brexiters’
backlash over PM’s
customs union plan
Continued from page 1
new home secretary added his voice
to those of Liam Fox, David Davis,
Boris Johnson and Michael Gove, all
of whom expressed concerns about
May’s preferred approach. “They’ve
lost and they know it, and they’re
trying to find a way out,” said one
senior Brexiter. “It’s a dead parrot.”
Allies of Javid suggested while
he had concerns about the customs
partnership, he was not signalling that
he would automatically support the
Brexiters in future.
The Bromsgrove MP backed the
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remain camp during the 2016 general
election – but he is a longtime Eurosceptic. Before he was appointed
home secretary, he waded into the
row about whether the UK should
remain in a customs union, tweeting,
“British people gave politicians clear
instructions through EU referendum.
Includes leaving the customs union,
an intrinsic part of the EU.”
The Brexiters prefer an alternative,
maximum facilitation, or “max fac”,
proposal, which relies on technology
to keep border checks to a minimum
– and Javid gave them his backing at
the meeting yesterday, regarding this
13
plan as more practical. Brussels has
expressed reservations about both
proposals and dismissed the government’s approach to resolving the Irish
border problem as “magical thinking”.
Talks on Britain’s relationship with
the EU27 are deadlocked as Brussels
awaits a steer from the government
about which plan it wants to pursue.
The Labour MP Tulip Siddiq, of the
anti-Brexit group Best for Britain, said:
“We are 331 days until UK becomes a
third country under EU law, and the
government can’t decide between two
options already rejected by the other
side of the negotiation. It is farcical.
The Brexit war cabinet is more like a
warring cabinet that is split completely
down the middle. They have no plan
and no clue.”
The Guardian understands neither
of the two options will go forward to
the meeting of the whole cabinet next
week in its present form.
Instead, No 10 is expected to do
some more detailed work on both
options, and recall the Brexit subcommittee in a few days’ time: raising the
prospect that May could return with
an amended “hybrid plus” model, that
could be more acceptable.
“They’re both serious proposals and
they both pose a different set of challenges, which need to be addressed,”
a Downing Street source said.
While no vote was taken, Brexit
sources claimed the balance of the
meeting was 6-5 against a customs
partnership, with the defence secretary, Gavin Williamson, also “leaning
away” from it.
Williamson spoke critically of the
customs partnership, but was not
vocal in favour of the max fac option
either, one source said. “He wasn’t
leading the charge against it, but
both he and Sajid made clear they
had reservations about the partnership option.” Brexit sources added that
May appeared “genuinely surprised”
at the “robust” interventions.
However, proponents of a soft Brexit
shot back that with chief whip, Julian
Smith, present, there were 12 people in
the room: though Smith is understood
not to have made his stance clear. The
chancellor, Philip Hammond, and his
allies fear the max fac approach would
not meet the government pledge of
avoiding a hard border in Ireland.
Peers inflicted a fresh defeat on the
government in the House of Lords
over the Irish border issue last night,
backing a cross-party amendment
supported by former Tory minister
Chris Patten. The amendment would
commit the government to avoiding
any Brexit deal that would jeopardise the Good Friday agreement, and
passed by 309-242: a majority of 67,
and the latest of a series of hefty losses
on the Withdrawal bill.
When the legislation comes back
to the Commons, the government is
likely to urge MPs to vote to reject this
and a series of other amendments.
May has delayed a series of contentious votes, including on the customs
and trade bills, to which backbenchers
have laid amendments aimed at keeping the option of a full customs union .
Journal Martin Kettle Page 4 Journal Karan Bilimoria Page 4 The new
home secretary,
Sajid Javid,
leaving No 10
after the Brexit
subcommittee
meeting
yesterday
Analysis
Dan Roberts
Squabbling has
punctured the
‘have cake and
eat it’ fantasy
PHOTOGRAPH:
STEFAN ROUSSEAU/PA
A
mid fierce cabinet
squabbling over the
minutiae of customs
policy, it is easy to
lose sight of the big
picture: a battle
to decide what kind of country
Britain will be after Brexit. On
the face of it, yesterday’s Brexit
subcommittee meeting provided
little in the way of enlightenment.
Downing Street once again
deferred a decision over which
of two customs proposals the UK
will take into the next phase of
negotiations with the EU.
Even if the cabinet eventually
decides between the hi-tech
“maximum facilitation” model or
the highly integrated new customs
partnership (NCP) approach, the
EU remains deeply sceptical that
either will prove satisfactory.
But postponing the painful
choice, or finding another way
to fudge it, will no longer be
enough for Theresa May. The
one lasting legacy of yesterday’s
focus on customs has been to
cast doubt on her government’s
overall compromise approach
to Brexit. What the Europeans
have dismissed as Britain’s “have
cake and eat it” fantasy is now
under withering attack by Tory
Eurosceptics too.
The target of their attack is the
NCP approach still favoured by
May and the Treasury. The idea of
this plan is that post-Brexit Britain
can avoid introducing friction at
the EU border while at the same
time creating enough flexibility to
strike new trade deals with other
countries. It would do this by acting
as if Britain were still in the existing
customs union but, crucially,
allowing imports bound purely for
‘Delays are not just
caused by tariffs.
Smoothing trade flows
requires standardising
safety standards and
other regulations’
UK customers to qualify for a rebate
if there was a gap between the EU
tariff rate and any reduction agreed
under new trade deals.
American cars arriving at
Southampton, for example, would
still be subject to the 10% EU import
duty, but UK showrooms might
claw this back if the government
succeeded in striking its desired new
trade deal with the US. And British
car exports sent to Europe via Dover
would not be held up by having to
prove where their component parts
came from – the so-called rules of
origin test – because everything
from outside Europe would have
passed through the same common
external tariff regime.
The problem is that delays at
customs are not just caused by
tariffs and rules of origin tests. A
big factor in smoothing trade flows
is standardising product safety
standards and other regulations. For
truly frictionless trade with Europe
Britain would also need to abide by
the rules of the single market.
Where the critics agree is that
this would be impossible without in
effect being a member of the single
market and customs union.
Jacob Rees-Mogg’s European
Research Group (ERG) regards this
as a betrayal of the referendum
result. The EU views anything less
than explicit membership as an
attempt at cherry picking. The more
scrutiny it comes under, the closer
the NCP looks to the partial customs
union approach favoured by Labour
and a number of backbench Tory
rebels.
Instead of providing a halfway
house, a customs partnership could
quickly prove to be the very softest
of Brexits. The only alternative
would be the “highly streamlined”
technological approach designed
to provide “maximum facilitation”
of trade, but not promising to avoid
controls entirely. The ERG says this
is a price worth paying.
The cabinet hardliners argue
that if this proves unsatisfactory to
the Irish government and collapses
the talks, so be it. They say the real
choice is between a lightly regulated
open economy trading largely
outside Europe versus maintaining
a highly integrated European-style
social market that has to keep
collaborating with Brussels.
After yesterday’s clash,
pretending Britain can have both is
an option May no longer enjoys.
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•
14
Theatre
review
Lively and
well acted,
but gender
fluidity can
be less hit
than miss
Romeo and Juliet
Stratford-upon-Avon
★★★☆☆
The Guardian Thursday 3 May 2018
National
Michael Billington
I
n 1845, the American
Charlotte Cushman toured
Britain playing Romeo to her
sister’s Juliet. Erica Whyman’s
new Royal Shakespeare
Company production does
not go as far as that, but casts
women in five traditionally male
roles, including Mercutio, and is
multicultural and youth-oriented.
The result is a swift, lively show that
went down hugely well with the
audience but that doesn’t solve the
problems inherent in the play itself.
Whyman sees Juliet as “agent
of her own destiny” but that is
precisely what she isn’t. Shakespeare
took his plot from a didactic poem
by Arthur Brooke and created a
spirited Juliet who doesn’t fit into its
framework. Where later Shakespeare
heroines such as Rosalind and
Imogen seize the initiative, Juliet
submits to the machinations of a
bungling herbalist. Karen Fishwick
does all she can to suggest youthful
defiance, beating pillows in rage as
she takes the old pusher’s drugs,
but you feel this strong-willed Juliet
would have followed Romeo into
exile. Meanwhile, Bally Gill plays
Romeo as an impetuous hothead.
They make an engaging couple,
but their modernity highlights the
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manufactured nature of a tragedy
that relies on a letter arriving late.
Charlotte Josephine’s casting as
Mercutio raises a host of issues.
Josephine, who wrote and acted in a
play called Bitch Boxer about a
pugilist, plausibly plays Mercutio as
a tough, crop-haired female bruiser.
The performance is enjoyable but
left me puzzled. Even if Mercutio
aspires to be part of a laddish
culture, would she engage in such
rancid sexist abuse of Juliet’s Nurse
or react with such hostility on being
told she “consorts” with Romeo? I
welcome gender-fluid casting but,
since Shakespeare’s play is an attack
on destructive male violence, is
there any tangible gain in casting a
key knife-wielder as a woman?
Whyman’s flexibility pays off
Charlotte
Josephine as a
tough Mercutio
handsomely, however, in the casting
of Beth Cordingly as the angry
prince, Escalus, who berates the
men for their tribal warfare. Other
roles are also strongly played. Ishia
Bennison suggests the Nurse enjoys
a giggling intimacy with Juliet, only
to be pained by her later exclusion.
Michael Hodgson makes Capulet a
violently abusive figure, reminding
us how often in Shakespeare fathers
are raging domestic tyrants (think of
Lear and Leonato in Much Ado).
Andrew French as Friar Laurence
speaks the verse better than anyone
on stage and Josh Finan makes a real
character out of Benvolio by
suggesting he is smitten by Romeo.
Tom Piper’s design, deploying the
same rotating cube he used in The
Great W
Wave, is oddly nondescript.
Many of the best versions of this
play, from
fr
Zeffirelli’s seething Italian
produ
production to Baz Luhrmann’s
film, have
h
a socially precise setting.
i Whyman hasn’t solved all
Even if
the play’s
pla problems, she reminds
us of tthe truth of Granville-Barker’s
remar
remark that it is “a tragedy of youth”.
Not only
on is the cast supplemented
b
y schoolchildren,
sch
by
but Fishwick and
Gill as the lovers vigorously convey a
doome
doomed innocence.
R ,S
RSC
Stratford-upon-Avon, until
2
1 Sept
21 September.
01789 403493.
Then a
at the Barbican, London,
2
Nove
2 November
–19 January 2018.
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•
‘Since the play is an
attack on destructive
male violence, is
there any gain in
casting a key knifewielder as a woman?’
15
Theatre review
All the warmth
of the cold war
but no tension
Chess
London Coliseum
★★☆☆☆
Lyn Gardner
Can Juliet be
‘agent of her
own destiny’?
Karen Fishwick
and Bally Gill as
the leads in the
RSC’s Romeo
and Juliet
PHOTOGRAPH:/
TOPHER MCGRILLIS
Musicals are a tough medium,
requiring the score, book and
production to come together as a
glittering whole. But only the score,
by the Abba songwriters Benny
Andersson and Björn Ulvaeus, hits
the heights in this cold war musical,
first seen in 1986, which uses a
chess championship as a metaphor
for Russian-US tensions. Although
“metaphor” suggests a subtlety that
simply doesn’t exist here.
It doesn’t help that the male leads
are so unsympathetic. Michael Ball
plays the Soviet chess star Anatoly,
apparently devoted to wife Svetlana
(Alexandra Burke) and child. After
winning the title from American brat
Freddie Trumper (Tim Howar), he
ditches his family to shack up with
Florence (Cassidy Janson), formerly
with Freddie.
There are some great songs – I
Know Him So Well, notably,
beautifully delivered by Janson and
Burke. The latter brings light and
shade to an underwritten role.
Tim Rice’s book is a lumbering
thing and Laurence Connor’s slack
production relies on flashy video
to hide the lack of characterisation
with a plot that makes no sense.
There is also no grasp of the politics
of representation: the show is full of
national and racial stereotyping.
You can’t fault the cast’s effort but
the lack of tension and engagement
means you’d be better to stay home
and play tiddlywinks.
Chess is at the London Coliseum
until 2 June. 020-7845 9300.
▲ Tim Howar and Michael Ball in the
West End revival of the musical Chess
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•
16
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The Guardian Thursday 3 May 2018
National
Local elections
Voters prepared to
pay to mend fabric
of society, says
shadow chancellor
On the
night
What
to watch
out for
10pm
Heather Stewart
Political editor
Voters in today’s local government
elections are ready to consider paying higher council taxes to halt the
“rundown of the fabric of society”,
Labour’s shadow chancellor, John
McDonnell, says.
Speaking on the eve of the poll, with
Labour hoping to make strong gains in
London, McDonnell told the Guardian
seven years of Conservative spending
cuts had primed the public for a different approach.
“What people are saying is, the fabric of our community isn’t what it was,
and it needs addressing,” he said.
“The council tax issue is interesting. People have raised the issue of
council tax on the doorstep. There’s
often Tory councillors saying they’re
freezing them. We’re getting on the
doorstep, ‘I’d rather pay a bit more to
get a decent service’.
“I think there’s a wisdom of crowds;
people are saying, after eight years you
can’t carry on like this. You can’t just
throw a bit of tarmac over a pothole.
It’s got to be repaired properly, and that
takes money.”
With 4,350 seats up for grabs across
150 local authorities in England today,
Labour’s campaign has focused on
Tory cuts to schools budgets, policing,
social care and other public services.
“It’s the general rundown of the fabric of society, both physically, but in
terms of support mechanisms as well,”
he said.
However, McDonnell played down
expectations that Labour could seize
the Conservatives’ flagship boroughs
of Westminster, Wandsworth and
Kensington and Chelsea.
“It will be a good night – but we’re
being set up by the Tories and the
media, so if there’s a single Tory
councillor left in this country we’ll
‘I think there’s a
wisdom of crowds.
People are saying,
after eight years you
can’t go on like this’
John McDonnell
Labour shadow chancellor
have failed”, he said. “Taking individual councils is difficult – I think it’s
really difficult – I know that in my own
patch,” he added. “In Wandsworth,
there’s a real grassroots campaign
going on there; but we’ll have to see
how that goes on the night.”
He continued: “Local elections
are idiosyncratic, in a way that others aren’t. And I’m worried about the
weather, too: today’s absolutely freezing. It all depends on turnout, really.”
In London, Labour also hopes to
take control of Barnet council – but
the shadow chancellor acknowledged
concerns about whether the recent crisis over antisemitism in the Labour
party could hit votes in strongly Jewish
areas such as Golders Green, Hendon
and Finchley.
McDonnell blamed the sluggish
implementation of the Chakrabarti
review on antisemitism for issues such
as the backlog of outstanding cases,
including that of the former mayor of
London Ken Livingstone, a close ally
of Jeremy Corbyn.
Asked about the Livingstone case,
he said, “that will come: that’s why
some of us got quite angry about why
it hadn’t been dealt with before now,
why the resources weren’t in place”.
Asked who was to blame for the failure to get to grips with the crisis, he
said, “too late: we want to move on”.
But he added, “Jennie [Formby – the
party’s new general secretary] is on
top of that now.”
McDonnell said Labour is also taking its anti-austerity message outside
the capital.
“Where did we build up the votes
last time? It was London and the metropolitan areas, basically. So the issue
for us is how do we consolidate that;
but in the other areas, those small
towns, coastal towns and rural areas,
how do we start connecting again on
any scale?”
He said local campaign organisers,
now being recruited, will help with
that job.
“They will be working alongside
our candidates – parliamentary candidates, local candidates – so we get back
to a situation where every councillor,
every parliamentary candidate or MP,
every member if we can, becomes the
community leaders. It’s deep, deep
campaigning,” he said.
McDonnell said whatever the
results, Labour hopes to use them
as a springboard for the next general
election, whenever it comes. “Let’s
see what the results are – I think they
will be pretty good.
“Then we get back to the detailed
work, constituency by constituency,
and that’s what we’re aiming at now.
We’ll use here as a platform to challenge the Tories – and watch them as
they disintegrate.”
The polls close. With the majority
of councils counting overnight,
early signs of how the election
has gone for the main parties
should emerge within hours,
while a handful of councils
are waiting to declare results
until Friday daytime.
11.45pm
The television coverage starts
in earnest, with Huw Edwards
anchoring the BBC’s offering
alongside the political editor, Laura
Kuenssberg (above) and the polling
guru John Curtis. Political guests
will appear throughout the night,
including from around 20 outside
broadcasts around the country.
Robert Peston will lead ITV’s big
digital operation, outside its main
news bulletins, from around 30
counts across the UK.
1am
The first results will start to emerge,
with Sunderland (safe for Labour
despite some local scandals) likely
to be fastest to declare. It has
announced its result first in six of
the last seven general elections, so
has a reputation to uphold. A safe
Tory council, Broxbourne, will be
snapping at its heels.
Swindon, held by the
Conservatives since 2004, will be
the first Labour-Tory bellwether
council to declare. Labour insiders
believe that it is one they need to
win if they are going to return to
government. Just four seats would
do it. Jeremy Corbyn, who has
visited five times in the last six
months, will be watching closely.
5
Number of visits by Jeremy Corbyn
to Swindon, the first Labour-Tory
bellwether council likely to declare
The question is whether
voters will give Theresa
May’s party a battering
1.30am
The first sign there could be a
“mural effect” for Labour,
with voters concerned about
antisemitism, will come as the
Prestwich wards in Bury declare.
In 2016 there was a significant
“Livingstone effect” as Labour
did less well in seats with large
Jewish populations than they might
otherwise have been led to expect.
2am
Wandsworth, the first of the Tory
“crown jewels” councils – and
the most likely of the three inner
London ones to be lost to the Tories
– will declare. Labour will be waiting
nervously to see how many gains
they make in what was Margaret
Thatcher’s favourite council. If
they take it, it’s looking like a good
night. But many party insiders
are concerned they’ve raised
expectations too high.
Dan Jarvis, the MP for Barnsley
Central, should walk the Sheffield
mayoral election, which will
prompt mixed reactions from the
leader’s office. While they’ll be
happy to win the mayoralty the
first time it is up for grabs, they
may wish the party had been
successful in its attempt to block the
moderate from staying on as an MP.
The big question here is whether
the Tories manage to hang on in
Trafford, which they hold by a single
seat, to retain their speck of blue in a
sea of red. Corbyn launched his local
election campaign there to great
fanfare but has been playing down
expectations ever since. May visited
earlier this week to shore up support.
2.30am
If Labour take Westminster then
they’re in for a stunning night in the
capital – the council hasn’t been held
by the party since its formation and
they would need to win the ward
in which Buckingham Palace sits
to take it. More likely is that they’ll
make gains but the Tories will hang
on, albeit with a bloody nose.
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•
Thursday 3 May 2018 The Guardian
17
Margaret
Thatcher in
Wandsworth,
her favourite
Tory council, in
1979. Labour
will hope to
make inroads
there tonight
Seats on 150 councils are up for grabs in today’s local elections
Labour
Conservatives
Liberal Democrats
All the seats on the 32 borough
councils in London are up for
election
Newcastle
upon Tyne
No overall control
Kensington
and Chelsea
3am
Tower Hamlets will be the first of
the mayoral results in the capital –
and the only one in which there is
a any sort of question mark over a
Labour win. There is difficult
history here, and the police will be
keeping a close eye on the polling
b
booths, although a split in the
former Tower Hamlets First party
may make it easier for Labour’s
John Biggs to hang on.
The Tories took over control of
Plymouth after the defection of
three Ukip councillors originally
elected in 2014 but a switch back to
traditional Labour-voting habits,
now that the eurosceptic party is
in decline, could be enough to see
Corbyn’s party take back the council.
A big prize in a traditional marginal.
Lib Dems to dislodge them even in
Vince Cable’s own backyard. But
here it’s more Brexit than bins. The
huge Remain vote – more than 70%
of the electorate voted to stay
in the EU – could result in a
Lib Dem revival.
Manchester
Stockport
Amber Valley
Walsall
Birmingham Peterborough
Wolverhampton
1
Tory seat majority in Trafford. Loss
there to Labour would erase blue
from much of Greater Manchester
Dudley
Milton Keynes
Remain share of EU referendum
vote in Richmond upon Thames
could be a boon to the Lib Dems
All eyes will be on Kensington and
Chelsea – the most unpredictable
result in the country – in the
wake of Labour’s surprise general
election win and the Grenfell Tower
disaster. On paper it looks like an
almost insurmountable challenge
for Labour, but many believe that
the council’s poor handling of
the tragedy could change things.
Expect Labour to return big
majorities in safe wards in the north
of the borough, while the Tories
grip on the true-blue south will
Top of Labour’s target list is Barnet,
north London, which the Tories
held with a majority of one until
last month, when the borough fell
under no overall control. Labour is
expected to win but the party faces
a major hurdle in the form of the
antisemitism row: the borough has
the largest Jewish population in
the UK. If Labour doesn’t take it,
it will be a blow for Corbyn’s
electoral chances.
The Tories had a strong lead in
Richmond-upon-Thames (above)
last time and it will be tough for the
keep the Conservatives in power
overall. The result in Thurrock,
Essex, should provide the best test
of all whether the UK Indepedence
party (left) still has any electoral
clout. In January all 17 Ukip
councillors on the Essex council
quit en masse to form a new group,
denouncing the “bitter reality”
of party politics. The Tories, who
already control the council, are
the likely beneficiaries. North
East Lincolnshire, where Ukip is
defending a handful of seats, is
another one to watch.
Pippa Crerar
London is set to be one of the key
battlegrounds and Labour is
expected to do well on the back
of their performance at the snap
election and have been
campaigning hard to win the
traditionally Conservativecontrolled council of
Wandsworth
Labour targets outside of London
will include Dudley, Walsall and
Stockport, where they are
currently the largest party but fall
short of an overall majority. It
could be a difficult night for the
Conservatives, who are
defending slim councillor
majorities in councils such as
Amber Valley, but could take
control of Peterborough
70%
5am
4am
Leeds
Large metropolitan councils
such as Birmingham, Manchester
and Leeds are electing all of their
seats, whilst councils such as
Wolverhampton, Amber Valley
and Milton Keynes only have a
third of their seats on offer
Source: PA
Five questions The key
issues in today’s vote
Can Labour take the Tories’ crown
jewels in London?
Sadiq Khan boasted of taking
the capital’s Conservative crown
jewels –including the flagship Tory
council in Wandsworth, not held
by Labour for 40 years. Momentum
has held “unseat” days in even more
ambitious targets: Westminster and
Kensington & Chelsea.
The most recent London polling
suggested Labour would not take
any of those. Wandsworth is most
likely, but even that would require
bigger swings than the general
election, which ousted two south
London Tory MPs, and would
require Labour taking some of the
most affluent wards in the country.
To win Westminster, Labour
would need to take the ward that is
home to Buckingham Palace. But
while it may take only one highprofile council, the red surge in
London is likely to continue. Labour
now needs little over 150 net gains
to match its best ever result in the
capital: 1,221 seats in 1971.
Could Windrush and antisemitism
hit the vote?
Labour’s performance in Barnet,
the north London borough held
by the Conservatives since 2002,
will be seen as a test of whether
the row over antisemitism has
had an impact. The Tories have
already lost overall control after
a bitter internecine row among
councillors. But Labour candidatess
canvassing in strongly Jewish areass
such as Golders Green say they
have met with a sceptical reaction.
Meanwhile, the Tories may fear
publicity around the Windrush
crisis will damage their standing,
particularly in London, where their
share among BAME voters has
already plummeted to 17%.
Will asking some voters to prove
their identity affect turnout?
Not an issue that is likely to trouble
the headlines, but this will be
eagerly watched by election experts.
The poll will mark the first trial in
England of asking voters to prove
their identity before they vote in
person, with five boroughs, Gosport,
Watford, Woking, Swindon and
Bromley, trying different methods.
With critics concerned the
scheme tackles a barely existent
problem and risks disenfranchising
those without the necessary ID, such
as older voters and the homeless,
there will be a close watch on
turnout levels. Some official election
Vince Cable’s Lib Dems
hope for London gains
watchers will be at polling stations
to see if anyone is turned away, or
if there is confusion about the new
system.
Will the minor parties continue to
struggle?
The 2017 general election saw
everyone but Labour and the
Conservatives badly squeezed,
and today could herald a repeat.
The Liberal Democrats, struggling
for traction under Vince Cable,
are pinning their hopes on southwest London, notably Kingston
and Richmond, perhaps buoyed
by remainer sentiment – and the
support of EU nationals, who can
vote in local polls.
Ukip is fielding candidates in
barely a quarter of seats, and its
interim leader, Gerard Batten ,has
said even winning 5% support where
the party is standing would be seen
as a decent stabilising measure
following months of turmoil. The
Greens are more buoyant, pitching
themselves as an independent voice
in councils otherwise dominated by
one of the two big parties.
Can the Conservatives hold their
position as the largest party?
While Tory expectations in the
capital are low, it is across the rest
of England that they face their
biggest test. They are hanging on in
Trafford, Greater Manchester, by a
single seat, but are determined to
retain their speck of blue in a sea of
red. They look unshiftable in their
other metropolitan authority in
Solihull, West Midlands, and in the
shires and districts. Theresa May
is likely to claim a win, of sorts,
if the Conservatives remain the
largest party in local government,
a position they have held for more
than a decade.
Guardian political staff
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:18 Edition Date:180503 Edition:01 Zone:
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Section:GDN 1N PaGe:19 Edition Date:180503 Edition:01 Zone:
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•
Thursday 3 May 2018 The Guardian
National
19
Acid murder trial hears
of rows between couple
Steven Morris
A woman accused of murdering her
former partner by throwing sulphuric acid over him has told a jury she
bought the liquid to clean out the
drains. She dismissed as nonsense the
allegation that she intended to use it
to harm him.
Berlinah Wallace, who was a fashion student, said she bought the “best
acid” she could find to clear “smelly
drains” at her home in Bristol and also
used it to distress fabric.
Wallace told the jury she could
be mouthy and nasty with Mark van
Dongen. She would call him names
such as prostitute and paedophile, and
would scratch and bite him and throw
things at him. She said she regretted
the way she had acted, but claimed
that Van Dongen, an engineer, had hit,
kicked and racially abused her and
cheated on her with another woman.
Bristol crown court has heard that
Van Dongen died at a euthanasia clinic
after being left “at the limits of tolerable pain” following the alleged attack.
Wallace, 48, is charged with murdering Van Dongen, 29, by leaving him
with such “horrific and catastrophic
injuries” that he asked for assistance
in ending his life.
Van Dongen told police he woke at
3am to hear Wallace laugh and tell him:
“If I can’t have you, no one else can,”
before the acid was thrown.
▲ Berlinah Wallace told the jury that
Mark van Dongen could be violent
Test could make it
easier to diagnose
peanut allergies
Press Association
A new blood test could make it much
easier and cheaper to identify children
with peanut allergies.
The highly accurate test looks for
biomarkers released by mast cells,
white blood cells of a specific type
that form part of the immune system.
In a study involving 174 children
the mast activation test (MAT) made
a correct diagnosis 98% of the time.
Currently peanut allergy is confirmed using an unreliable skin-prick
test and “oral food challenge” (OFC) – a
time-consuming process that involves
feeding the patient increasingly large
doses of peanut.
The new test is five times cheaper to
Richard Smith QC, representing
Wallace, has said his client believed
the liquid she was throwing at Van
Dongen was water.
In the witness box, Wallace said
she had been born in South Africa
and had a difficult early life. She said
her mother was abusive and her stepfather beat her.
She married an English man who
was living in South Africa and they
moved to Britain. After they separated,
she met Van Dongen on a dating site
for HIV-positive people. They began
to live together and wanted a family,
at one point going to the Netherlands
for IVF treatment.
She said he was verbally and physically abusive. “He called me names,”
she said. “Being racist, really offensive, attacking my family.”
Police were called in April 2011
when Van Dongen kicked her in the
back and hit her in the head, Wallace
said. At that time he had shaved his
head and etched a swastika on to one
of his hands, the jury heard.
Once, while they were in the Netherlands in 2012, Wallace said, Van
Dongen threw her outside on to the
street naked. “I was really humiliated,”
she told the court.
Asked why she stayed with him,
Wallace’s voice broke as she replied:
“I loved him. I had no one in this country – Mark was my family.”
The court heard that Wallace told
a counsellor in 2014 that she felt an
adrenaline rush when someone said
the “wrong thing” and she felt she
“could destroy everything around
her”. She said this anger was directed
towards her mother or family rather
than Van Dongen.
Wallace denied a claim from Van
Dongen in an interview with police
after the alleged acid attack that she
had once thrown hot water over him.
“That’s rubbish,” she said.
Wallace, of Bristol, denies charges of
murder and throwing a corrosive substance with intent. The trial continues.
carry out than an OFC. It could act as a
second-line tool when skin-prick tests
are inconclusive before referring children for an OFC, say the researchers.
The study leader, Dr Alexandra
Santos, a Medical Research Council
scientist at King’s College London,
said: “The current tests are not ideal.
If we relied on them alone, we’d be
over-diagnosing food allergies. Only
22% of school-aged children in the UK
with a positive test to peanuts are actually allergic when they’re fed the food
in a monitored setting.”
“The new test is specific in confirming the diagnosis so when it’s positive,
we can be very sure it means allergy.”
About 5% to 8% of British children
have a food allergy, with up to one in
55 allergic to peanuts. Symptoms, such
as itching, stomach cramps and constriction of the airways, are triggered
when food proteins interact with an
antibody called immunoglobulin E
(IgE).Standard skin-prick tests measure the presence of IgE antibodies.
The study is reported in the Journal
of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.
PHOTOGRAPH: WINNIE
FORBES-COCHRANE/
DUNDEE CITY COUNCIL
Birth of Beatlemania The Beatles are returning to Dundee, where the term
Beatlemania was coined after the Fab Four had to leave a gig by escaping
through a coal cellar to avoid ecstatic fans. The McManus museum has bought
a set of photographs of the band’s last appearance at the Caird Hall in 1964,
when 50 girls were carried out in the first five minutes. The pictures, taken
by Winnie Forbes-Cochrane, a local photographer, include images of crowds
mobbing the Beatles’ car, an interview before the show and hysterical fans.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:20 Edition Date:180503 Edition:01 Zone:
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The Guardian Thursday 3 May 2018
•
Universities
In brief
Minister calls for clear
rules on free speech
Crime
Weight
watchers
Five otter
pups, aged
10 weeks, are
weighed and
microchipped
by Hannah
Sievewright
at a health
check in
Chester zoo.
Man dies after shooting
in north-west London
A man was shot dead outside a
tube station in north-west London,
Scotland Yard said.
Police were called to Cumberland
Road outside Queensbury tube
station at 9pm on Tuesday following
reports of a shooting. A man in his
30s was found with critical injuries
and he died at the scene almost
an hour later. Another man, in his
20s, was taken to hospital in north
London with a gunshot wound and
was said to be in a stable condition.
The Met is examining CCTV
footage and has called for anyone
with information to come forward.
A crime scene remains in place in
Cumberland Road and in Essolado
Way, the police said.
The death brings the total number
of suspected murders in London so
far this year to 63, prompting fears
that violent crime could rise to the
highest levels for a decade.
Last month the then home
secretary, Amber Rudd, launched a
serious violence strategy to clamp
down on violent crime, which has
been rising since 2014. The strategy
will be backed by £40m of Home
Office funding and an offensive
weapons bill to ban the sale of
corrosive liquids to under-18s and
introduce tougher restrictions for
buying knives online. It will focus
on the links between illegal drug
markets and violent crime.
Jamie Grierson
PHOTOGRAPH:
PETER BYRNE/PA
Courts
Sentencing for abusive
letter sent to MP Abbott
A man who sent a racially abusive
letter to Diane Abbott has been
given a community order.
Roy Brown, 69, sent the letter
to the shadow home secretary’s
Westminster office in August 2017.
The note, which was opened by one
of her parliamentary assistants,
included a string of racist abuse.
It also included a threat to burn
down Abbott’s house with her
“trapped inside” and said that
she would be “butchered like
the cowardly vermin butchered
PC Blakelock”. Keith Blakelock
was a Metropolitan police officer
murdered in 1985 during a riot at a
housing estate in Tottenham, north
London. Brown was sentenced to
a 12-month community order at
Barkingside magistrates court in
Ilford yesterday. The district judge,
Gary Lucie, said: “I do accept that
you have shown full remorse. I do
think you are sorry and that it won’t
happen again.
“The offence is aggravated by the
mention of race in the letter. I accept
that you are not racist, but the
wording in the letter does deal with
characteristics of black people.”
Brown, of Ilford, Essex, had
previously pleaded guilty to sending
an indecent or offensive letter. His
defence counsel, Farhana RahmanCook, said he has “vulnerabilities”,
that the offence was a “one-off ”
and that he had become “teary” at a
previous court hearing. PA
Courts
Family of Sheku Bayoh
sue police over death
The family of Sheku Bayoh, a
31-year-old man who died on a
pavement minutes after being
restrained by police, are suing Police
Scotland for his unlawful killing.
On the eve of the third
anniversary of his death, Bayoh’s
sister, Kadi Johnson, described the
family’s three-year wait for answers
about why he died in police custody
as “soul-destroying”.
Johnson said the inability of
the force watchdog the Police
Investigations and Review
Commissioner (PIRC) to conduct
a fair and open investigation into
allegations of police brutality,
The UK’s complex tangle of
regulations governing free speech
on university campuses should
be replaced by one clear set of
guidelines for both students and
institutions, according to the
universities minister.
In a speech at a closed-door
seminar about free speech on
campus, Sam Gyimah will suggest
the education department oversees
its creation to “provide clarity”.
The free speech duty was first
introduced in 1986.
Gyimah’s idea would bind both
students and universities to a
common code of practice on free
speech, although there appears to
be little enthusiasm for this among
either university or student leaders.
Richard Adams
as well as the failure of the lord
advocate to take any criminal action
against officers once the PIRC
delivered its final report in August
2016, had forced the family to turn
to the civil courts. The £1.85m
damages action is thought to be the
first time a Scottish force has been
sued for unlawful killing.
The family’s ultimate goal was
“justice for all, be they young, old,
black or white”, Johnson said.
Bayoh, a trainee gas engineer and
father of two, died near his home in
Kirkcaldy, Fife shortly after 7am on
3 May 2015. The family believe that
evidence from a postmortem, which
identified 54 lacerations, cuts and
bruises on his body, suggests he died
of positional asphyxia after being
taken to the ground by four officers.
Libby Brooks
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:21 Edition Date:180503 Edition:01 Zone:
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•
Thursday 3 May 2018 The Guardian
National
21
Hawking’s
final theory
sheds light
on the
multiverse
‘It gives us
hope that we
can arrive
at a fully
predictive
framework
of cosmology’
Thomas Hertog
Paper co-author
Ian Sample
Science editor
Reality may consist of multiple universes, but each may not be so different
from our own, according to Stephen
Hawking’s final theory of the cosmos.
The work, completed only weeks
before the physicist’s death in March,
paints a simpler picture of the past
13.8bn years than many previous
theories have proposed.
Published yesterday in the Journal
of High Energy Physics, the work is the
result of a collaboration with Thomas
Hertog, a Belgian physicist at the Catholic University of Leuven. “We sat on
this for a very long time,” Hertog said.
“I do believe he was really fond of it.”
Modern physics has more than one
theory of how the universe came to
be, but one of the most popular is that
Stephen
Hawking
completed the
work just weeks
before he died
PHOTOGRAPH: MURDO
MACLEOD/GUARDIAN
the big bang was followed by repeated
bursts of “cosmic inflation”, creating
an endless number of “pocket universes” scattered throughout space.
“The usual theory of eternal inflation
predicts that globally our universe is
like an infinite fractal, with a mosaic
of different pocket universes separated
by an inflating ocean,” Hawking said
last autumn. But in the latest work, he
and Hertog challenge that view. Instead
of space being filled with pocket universes where radically different laws of
physics apply, these alternate universes
may not actually vary that much from
one another. The theory may provide
some comfort to physicists who wonder how, given all the hostile variations
thought possible, we find ourselves in
a universe well-suited to life.
“In the old theory there were all sorts
of universes: some were empty, others
were full of matter, some expanded too
fast, others were too short-lived,” said
Hertog. “The mystery was: why do
we live in this special universe where
everything is nicely balanced in order
for complexity and life to emerge?”
Hertog added: “This paper takes
one step towards explaining that
mysterious fine tuning. It reduces
the multiverse down to a more
manageable set of universes which
all look alike. Stephen would say
that, theoretically, it’s almost like the
universe had to be like this. It gives
us hope that we can arrive at a fully
predictive framework of cosmology.”
Hertog travelled to Cambridge to
work on the theory with Hawking
and towards the end, communication
became very difficult, he said. “I
always had the impression that he
never wanted to quit.
“It was never said between us that
this would be the last paper. I personally felt this might be the conclusion
of our journey in a way.”
The new theory takes work that
Hawking and the US physicist James
Hartle published in the 1980s and
updates it with the more powerful,
modern mathematical techniques
used in string theory. In string theory,
reality is described through the interactions of one-dimensional objects
known as cosmic strings.
“Stephen himself said that this
work was the area he was most proud
of,” said Malcolm Perry, a colleague of
Hawking’s at Cambridge University.
The new paper will not be the last to
bear Hawking’s name, however. With
Andrew Strominger at Harvard, Perry
has written at least two papers with
Hawking on black holes that are still
being readied for publication.
Hawking, who rose to fame on the
back of his bestselling book, A Brief
History of Time, died on 14 March,
aged 76, at his home in Cambridge.
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•
22
UK’s crown
dependencies
‘should adopt
new law on
tax havens’
cYanmaGentaYellowbl
The Guardian Thursday 3 May 2018
National
Dan Sabbagh
MPs are prepared to look at ways of
forcing the crown dependencies of the
Channel Islands and the Isle of Man to
introduce public registers of company
ownership if they are not willing to
themselves in the wake of this week’s
decision by parliament to insist that
overseas territories do the same.
Andrew Mitchell, a Conservative,
and Margaret Hodge, for Labour,
want ministers to tell the crown
dependencies to fall in line by the end
of the decade – and said if they are not
prepared to do so they would see if it
was possible to compel them to do so
from Westminster.
“We expect the government to use
its good offices to persuade the crown
dependencies to introduce public
ownership registers,” Mitchell said.
“But if they do not, parliament will
return to the charge.”
The two MPs had believed that the
constitutional position of the crown
dependencies was different, and they
excluded them from their amendment
to the sanctions and anti-money laundering bill that was agreed on Tuesday
after the government caved in at the
last minute. The amendment required
the 14 overseas territories, including
the Cayman Islands and Bermuda, to
introduce public ownership registers
by the end of 2020 or have the requirement imposed by the UK.
Howard Quayle, the chief minister
of the Isle of Man, was in London yesterday to lobby successfully against
a separate Labour amendment that
would have tried to force the crown
dependencies to disclose the true
owners of companies. The amendment was dropped.
The crown dependencies elect
their own legislatures, run their own
domestic legislation. But there is precedent for the UK imposing its will: in
the case of the Isle of Man, parliament
extended the 1967 Marine Broadcasting Act to the Isle of Man in order to
shut down Radio Caroline.
The Cayman Islands said it was considering legal action in an attempt to
stop the UK making the overseas territory open up its company ownership
registers to public scrutiny.
Paradise Papers lawsuit
against Guardian to air
issues of public interest
Ben Quinn
Important matters of public interest
are likely to be aired in a trial that has
been brought against the Guardian
and the BBC for their reporting of the
Paradise Papers investigation, a senior
judge has said.
Mr Justice Vos, who heads the chancery division of the high court, said
it would take a five-day hearing to
examine the issues raised by the project, which relied in part on documents
from the offshore law firm Appleby.
The company has been seeking to
force the Guardian and BBC to disclose
the documents they used for their
investigations, which caused global
debate when they were published last
November.
But Appleby’s application for this
disclosure at a hearing yesterday was
described as premature by the judge,
who set a date for trial in September.
Both media organisations are
the subject of breach of confidence
proceedings and a request for damages
by Appleby.
It has claimed millions of documents were stolen in a cyber-hack and
has demanded the disclosure of any
that informed reporting for a project
that drew attention to the tax dodges
used by individuals and companies.
Plans by the government to force
Britain’s overseas territories to adopt
public registers of company ownership were referenced by Vos.
“We know what parliament has
decided. We have seen it in all of the
newspapers this morning.” The judge
also noted that the issues had been the
subject of coverage by “multiple news
organisations all over the world”.
Hugh Tomlinson, QC, for Appleby,
said that it was accepted by the firm
that it was in the public interest
to discuss certain issues. He cited
offshore accounts, preferential rates,
and trust structures that enable people
to avoid tax.
However, Tomlinson added that it
was not always the case that there was
a public interest in revealing financial
affairs in every circumstance.
Tomlinson said Appleby accepted
there had been an engagement by the
media organisations of article 10 of the
European convention on human rights,
which provides the right to freedom of
expression and information, but added
that this was at the “outer limit”. “The
fact that it’s the right of freedom of
expression does not turn it into some
special or unique case. It’s just another
factor to consider.
“The position is that they have our
documents. We are under pressure
from people to explain what is going
on and we cannot,” he said.
The documents were leaked to
the German newspaper Süddeutsche
Zeitung, which shared them with a
US-based organisation, the Pulitzer
prize-winning International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ).
The ICIJ coordinated the Paradise
Papers project, which included 380
journalists from 96 media organisations across 67 countries. The
consortium included the New York
Times, Le Monde, ABC in Australia
and CBC News in Canada.
The project revealed details of the
complex arrangements and offshore
activities of some of the world’s richest
people and companies.
On disclosures, Vos said it was
clear to him that the BBC must be in a
position to disclose the documents it
has accessed via a database if ordered
to do so. For the purposes of the trial,
however, it would be necessary for
the documents to be disclosed in a
“confidentiality club” arrangement
that would be accessed by lawyers
from both sides so that they could
decide that what was being said about
them was correct.
On the question of whether the documents disclosed should also include
“journalistic content”, he said that this
would depend on the type of material.
Internal communications about style
would not, but a document expressing a view about the public interest of
certain material might, he said.
‘They have our
documents. We are
under pressure from
people to explain
what is going on’
Hugh Tomlinson, QC
Lawyer for Appleby
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•
Thursday 3 May 2018 The Guardian
National
Reforms to
cut numbers
of women
in prison
are shelved
Rajeev Syal
A multimillion-pound government
strategy to reduce the number of
women being imprisoned for nonviolent offences has been postponed.
Plans to set up community prisons for women and launch a scheme
to support female offenders were due
to be announced this month. However,
the Ministry of Justice is redrafting the
strategy. Whitehall sources said the
plans would have cost the department
up to £30m but spending pressures
have led to a review being conducted
by David Gauke, the justice secretary.
Capital spending on both men’s and
women’s prisons is also under review.
The decision has dismayed campaigners for prison reform, who have
cYanmaGentaYellowbl
been waiting for years for the female
offenders’ strategy to be implemented.
Peter Dawson, director of the Prison
Reform Trust, said the decision to
suspend the plans was senseless.
“Support in the community offers better public protection at a fraction of
the cost of prisons. Because women
are disproportionately sent to prison
for short periods as a result of nonviolent offences, the dividend of a new
approach could be realised quickly.”
Female offenders often have complex needs, with many suffering from
poor mental health, substance misuse,
trauma and abuse, homelessness, poor
education and unemployment.
The need for a female offenders’
strategy was raised in the white paper
Prison Safety and Reform in 2016 by
the then justice secretary Liz Truss.
The latest plan brought together
the National Probation Agency, community rehabilitation companies and
local agencies to support women as
well as co-ordinating with police and
the courts. They also planned to set
up new community prisons to house
vulnerable women ahead of release.
The charity Inquest said yesterday
that 116 women died while on probation after leaving prison between 2011
and 2017. Women account for just 5%
of prisoners in England and Wales but
last year there were 2,093 incidents of
self-harm for every 1,000 women in
jail, up 12% on the year, compared with
445 for every 1,000 male prisoners.
23
Sketch
John Crace
Corbyn would have May on the
ropes if only he could just punch
I
f we’re very lucky we’ll soon
wake up to discover the past
two years have been like
the series finale of Dallas
in which everything that
had happened in previous
episodes had merely been a bad
dream. But until then we have to
assume that the political leaders
we have are real and to treat them
as such – something that is getting
harder by the day as they find new
ways of redefining mediocrity. Each
week the bar seems to get lower and
still Theresa May and Jeremy Corbyn
are unable to clear it.
With the government in chaos
over both Windrush and the
customs union, prime minister’s
questions should have been a stroll
in the park for the Labour leader. A
chance to make May look weak with
a series of well-aimed jabs ahead of
today’s local elections. And initially
it looked as if Corbyn was on top of
his brief as he got to the heart of the
government’s difficulties by asking
if the prime minister felt guilty that
Amber Rudd had been forced to
resign for her own failures.
Even though the question can’t
have come as a surprise, May found
herself unable to answer it. A look
of confusion crossed her face as the
two synapses of her brain tried to
establish a connection.
No joy. Instead she glanced at
her notes and started reading out
a statement about how she was
going to do the bare minimum to
investigate what had gone wrong
in the Home Office – if only she
could remember who had been in
charge for six years – and hoped that
everybody would apologise to her
when the inquiry, whose results she
already had in her possession, found
that she had done nothing wrong.
Corbyn didn’t appear to notice
that his question had gone
Liverpool 2018 is a year-long celebration of unique and unforgettable cultural moments.
From feel-good festivals to exhilarating exhibitions, amazing art to magnificent music.
unanswered and retreated back
to his script. Blah, blah, blah, the
economy. And this set the pattern
for the rest of the exchanges. Time
and again the Labour leader would
have the prime minister on the
ropes – on Home Office deportation
targets, on her own decision to deny
visas for people wanting to fill the
100,000 vacancies in the NHS – and
each time he let the moment slip by
meandering on to another topic.
It eventually became clear Corbyn
had no real interest in asking the
prime minister any questions. This
was not because he already knew
she was incapable of answering
them, but because he was really
only concerned with collecting a
series of video clips of him shouting
about all the things he didn’t like
about the Tories to post online in
advance of the local elections. All
of which suited May just fine as she
was free to say whatever she liked
without fear of being contradicted.
The Maybot is as the Maybot does.
PMQs had seldom felt quite so
pointless and the session quickly
descended into near farce when it
emerged that no one else had any
questions for her either. The Tory
Eurosceptic Peter Bone forgot his
disagreements with her over the
EU, and declared his intention of
building a statue to her as the Brexit
Queen. A fitting monument to the
patron saint of hopelessness.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:24 Edition Date:180503 Edition:01 Zone:
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•
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The Guardian Thursday 3 May 2018
National
24
6,500 jobs to
be lost in
drive to
modernise
the courts
Owen Bowcott
Legal affairs correspondent
About 6,500 courthouse and backroom
jobs are being lost and more courts
closed under a drive to modernise the
justice system through online pleas
and video hearings.
Details of the government’s £1bn
programme launched in 2016 emerged
from a consultation process published
by the senior judiciary yesterday.
The job loss figure underlines the
sweeping nature of the transformation
envisaged by HM Courts and Tribunals
Service (HMCTS). The justice secretary,
David Gauke, recently appointed Tim
Parker, the cost-cutting former boss
of Kwik Fit and the AA, as chair of its
board. Parker was once nicknamed the
“Prince of Darkness” for reportedly
driving to a factory in a Porsche to
announce mass job losses.
The Judicial Office has released four
large documents explaining how the
switch to digital working will affect the
criminal, civil and family courts as well
as tribunals. Feedback is being sought
from judges about the changes.
There will be more remote video
hearings, online pleas for minor
offences and video replay facilities
for jurors in their retiring rooms.
The 6,500 job losses will be spread
between 2016 to 2022. They have been
disclosed at a time when criminal barristers are refusing to handle new legal
aid cases because of cuts to fees.
The Law Society has also said that
criminal solicitors are becoming
extinct because of reduced payments.
The new cuts are likely to cause alarm
in the publicly funded branch of the
legal profession.
The consultation documents state
that there is a commitment to provide
sufficient ushers in court, and “digital support officers” will be on hand
to support judges. It also said that the
460 buildings that make up the court
estate have been reduced to 350.
“These reforms will deliver savings
– a condition for securing the financial
support of the government – but they
will transform the way we operate the
system of justice for the benefit of the
public and enhance the administration
of justice,” the lord chief justice, Lord
Burnett, says in a foreword.
Christian group in Alfie
case may face inquiry
Josh Halliday
North of England correspondent
LOVE THE
UNEXPECTED
Who cares what the weatherman says?
When you’re protected by the #1 waterproof
experts, unforgettable times are guaranteed.
The Christian campaign group that
advised the family of Alfie Evans could
face an investigation by the Solicitors
Regulation Authority (SRA), the
Guardian has learned.
The legal watchdog confirmed it
was reviewing the role of the Christian
Legal Centre (CLC) in the high-profile
life-support battle that ended with
the death of the 23-month-old boy
on Saturday, five days after he was
removed from a ventilator.
Three court of appeal judges criticised the role of supporters who may
have “infiltrated or compromised” the
legal representation of Alfie’s parents,
Tom Evans and Kate James.
The high court judge Mr Justice
Hayden was particularly critical of
the role of Pavel Stroilov, a Russianborn law student who appeared to
have taken the lead in representing
Alfie’s parents for CLC.
The judge described Stroilov, who
formerly worked for the Ukip leader,
Gerard Batten, as a “fanatical and
deluded young man” whose legal
advice was “inconsistent with the real
interests of the parents’ case”.
The SRA has not yet decided
whether to launch a formal investigation but is assessing concerns
surrounding CLC’s involvement.
An SRA spokesman said: “We can
confirm we will review the information
provided and consider if any next steps
are appropriate.
“Only those authorised by a legal
services regulatory such as the SRA
are allowed to carry out reserved legal
Get out more.
berghaus.com
▲ Alfie Evans died in the early hours
of Saturday, aged 23 months
activities, as defined within section 12
of the Legal Services Act 2007, within
the English and Welsh legal system.”
Tom Evans was presented with
an award at Everton football club’s
annual end-of-season ceremony, the
Dixies, on Tuesday night in his first
public appearance since Alfie’s death
at 2.30am on Saturday.
Receiving the Blueblood award,
given to those who “embody the
Evertonian spirit”, Evans said he
had dreamed his son would follow in
Wayne Rooney’s footsteps by playing
for the club.
“Alfie will always be a part of Everton,” he said.
CLC has not yet responded to the
SRA’s review of its role but said in a
statement on Friday that it rejected the
“unfair and detrimental” criticism by
judges and commentators.
It said that in the three weeks of
its involvement, its barrister Paul
Diamond “took the case from the
high court to the court of appeal, to
the supreme court and to the European
court – and then back again to the high
court and to the court of appeal. We
can think of no other organisation that
would have achieved this in such a
short period.”
Stroilov was described in court as
the legal adviser who had encouraged
Alfie’s father to pursue a private prosecution for murder against doctors at
Alder Hey children’s hospital, where
Alfie was treated for a degenerative
neurological condition for 16 months.
Hayden also criticised Stroilov after
the student gave Evans a letter purporting to be legal advice stating that
it would be lawful for him to remove
Alfie from Alder Hey – a letter that
the hospital’s legal team blamed for
causing a highly charged standoff
between Evans, the police and doctors and igniting protests outside.
Three court of appeal judges said
Stroilov’s letter was “misleading to
the extent of giving the father false
advice”.
The Guardian has since learned
that Alder Hey’s legal team is considering bringing contempt of court
proceedings against Stroilov after
apparently being met with silence
when asked for his legal qualifications.
CLC said on Friday: “We reject
the prejudicial and inflammatory comments made by Mr Justice
Hayden. We also reject the portrayal
by the court of appeal of our role in
this case and the assistance that we
have offered to Mr Evans.”
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:25 Edition Date:180503 Edition:01 Zone:S
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•
Thursday 3 May 2018 The Guardian
National
25
Early bird: skulls disclose
the toothy creature that
evolved from dinosaurs
Neighbourly plants
‘listen’ to each other
via roots, says study
Hannah Devlin
Nicola Davis
It was one of the fossils Darwin hailed
as evidence of evolution. Now scientists have unveiled skulls of an ancient
toothed seabird in a study experts say
reveals the face of early birds.
Thought to have lived up to 100m
years ago the gull-like bird, known as
Ichthyornis dispar, was first described
in the 19th century by American palaeontologist Othniel Marsh after fossil
remains were unearthed in the US.
These revealed that the animal’s
body was similar to modern birds in
many respects, but there was a startling difference: it had jaws that housed
sharp teeth. The findings astonished
experts, who recognised that the creature offered crucial insights into how
modern birds evolved from their dinosaur ancestors. However, the skull was
far from complete.
Now a team of researchers from Britain and the US have produced a clear
picture of what the head of the animal
looked like, after analysis of four more
skulls of the bird. “The famous bird
archaeopteryx and a lot of the fossils
in the early history of bird evolution,
they had wings, but their skulls basically looked like little baby dinosaur
skulls,” said Dr Bhart-Anjan Bhullar,
a co-author of the research from Yale
University. “Ichthyornis, it turns out,
is just at this transitional moment,” he
said, adding that the results “show the
order of appearance of modern bird
features”.
While three of the new skulls were
discovered in museum collections,
where the fragments had remained
unanalysed for years, the fourth was
only discovered in 2014, in Kansas.
The team CT-scanned the new
skulls and the 19th-century specimen
– the latter of which was found to contain important bones surrounding the
eye socket and nostrils that had not
previously been recognised. Together,
the data was used to produce a threedimensional, virtual reconstruction of
the skull of the ancient bird. The findings, published in the journal Nature,
reveal that the creature, unlike modern birds, had jaws replete with sharp,
Science correspondent
▲ Scientists’ work on the fossils has enabled them to form an image of the
ancient gull-like Ichthyornis dispar PHOTOGRAPH: BATH UNIVERSITY/PA
curved teeth and a skull with space for
large jaw muscles.
What’s more, a particular type of
bone that largely makes up beaks in
today’s birds was confined to the very
end of the jaws. However, like modern birds, this tiny beak was covered
in a fingernail material called keratin. It was also toothless and hooked
– possibly for preening, grabbing and
pecking, functions probably helped by
the fact the animal was able to raise its
upper jaw, like modern birds.
Dr Stephen Brusatte, a palaeontologist at the University of Edinburgh
who was not involved in the study,
described the work as exceptional.
“It shows us the face of the earliest birds. And it’s a bit different than
I would have expected. The earliest birds had Frankenstein-creature
heads and it was only through a long
and gradual period of evolution that
the fully modern bird skull – beak, no
teeth, huge brain, tiny jaw muscles –
evolved,” he said.
Plants use their roots to “listen in”
on their neighbours, researchers
have found. A study published in the
journal Plos One found that plants
in a crowded environment grow
more aggressively in response to
chemicals secreted into the soil by
their neighbours, presumably to avoid
being left in the shade.
“If we have a problem with our
neighbours, we can move flat,” said
Velemir Ninkovic, lead author on the
study. “Plants can’t do that. They’ve
accepted that and they use signals to
avoid competing situations and to
prepare for future competition.”
Previously, scientists have shown
that plants alter their growth strategies
when their leaves brush up against
neighbours.
Trees have been seen to experience
“canopy shyness” and rein in their
growth under crowded conditions.
The latest study reveals that
this behaviour is driven not just by
mechanical cues picked up by leaves,
but by chemical secretions in the soil.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:26 Edition Date:180503 Edition:01 Zone:
•
26
Eyewitness
Sent at 2/5/2018 16:24
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The Guardian Thursday 3 May 2018
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:27 Edition Date:180503 Edition:01 Zone:
Thursday 3 May 2018 The Guardian
Sent at 2/5/2018 16:25
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•
▼ São Paulo, Brazil
Firefighters work at the site of a tower
block that collapsed after a blaze,
reportedly leaving one person dead
PHOTOGRAPH: NELSON ALMEIDA/AFP/GETTY
27
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Section:GDN 1N PaGe:29 Edition Date:180503 Edition:01 Zone:
Thursday 3 May 2018 The Guardian
Taking the pizza
Selfie museums take
e
on the tastemakers
Page 30
Jerusalem
The Israeli prime minister, Benjamin
Netanyahu, has accused the Palestinian president, Mahmoud Abbas,
of antisemitism after he claimed past
massacres, including the Holocaust,
were related to the “social function”
of Jews in banking.
Abbas, 82, made the comments during a wide-ranging speech in which
he suggested that Jews’ relations with
banking and moneylending had led to
hostility. The speech also drew condemnation from the US and EU.
“With utmost ignorance and brazen
gall, he claimed that European Jews
were persecuted and murdered not
cYanmaGentaYellowbl
•
Radio Sleepytime
Bedtime stories for
young Syrian refugees
Page 34
Abbas condemned
for claiming Jewish
role in banking led
to the Holocaust
Oliver Holmes and agencies
Sent at 2/5/2018 19:28
because they were Jews but because
they gave loans with interest … Apparently the Holocaust denier is still a
Holocaust denier,” Netanyahu said of
Abbas on Twitter yesterday. “I call on
the international community to condemn his severe antisemitism.”
Israel’s foreign ministry accused
Abbas of fuelling religious and nationalist hatred against Jewish people and
Israel. Netanyahu’s spokesperson said
the comments were “pathetic”.
US officials also criticised the
speech. David Friedman, ambassador
to Israel, said Abbas had reached a new
low. Jason Greenblatt, Donald Trump’s
Middle East envoy, said: “Peace cannot
be built on this kind of foundation.”
The EU condemned Abbas’s remarks
as unacceptable. Its diplomatic service
said: “Such rhetoric will only play into
the hands of those who do not want a
two-state solution, which President
Abbas has repeatedly advocated …
Antisemitism is not only a threat for
Jews but a fundamental menace to our
open and liberal societies.”
Abbas, who has been accused of
antisemitism before, told a meeting
of the Palestinian National Council in
Ramallah on Monday: “From the 11th
century until the Holocaust that took
place in Germany, those Jews – who
moved to western and eastern Europe
– were subjected to a massacre every 10
to 15 years. But why did this happen?
They say: ‘It is because we are Jews.”
He then cited “three books [written
by Jews]” as evidence that “hostility
against Jews is not because of their
religion but rather their social function”, saying he meant their social
function relating to moneylending.
He incorrectly contrasted this with
Jews in the Arab world, arguing they
had not faced persecution. Incidents
of antisemitism in Arab countries are
well documented.
At one point in his speech, Abbas
wrongly said Joseph Stalin was Jewish.
He later corrected himself, saying he
had meant to refer to Karl Marx.
The US Holocaust Memorial
Museum dismissed the Abbas claims
as a “grossly inaccurate and an insidious type of antisemitism. The Nazis
29
believed that Germans were racially
superior and that the Jews, deemed
inferior, were a threat to the so-called
German racial community and had to
be eliminated,” the museum said.
The criticism was echoed by the
German foreign minister, Heiko Maas.
“We reject any relativisation of the
Holocaust,” Maas told Die Welt daily.
“Germany bears responsibility for
the most atrocious crime of human
history,” he said, adding that the
Holocaust was a constant reminder
to tackle any form of antisemitism.
The row comes as relations between
‘He claimed that
Jews were murdered
because they gave
loans … [he] is still
a Holocaust denier’
Benjamin Netanyahu
Israeli prime minister
the US and Palestinian leaders have
soured over the US plan to move its
embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.
The relocation, due to be completed
on 14 May, prompted big protests by
Palestinians, who consider East Jerusalem the capital of their future state,
and led Abbas to cut ties with Trump’s
administration.
Abbas’s spokesman, Nabil Abu
Rudeineh, refused to comment.
In March, Abbas called Friedman a
“son of a dog” and a “settler” – referring
to his support for Israeli settlements in
the occupied West Bank – in an attack
on Trump’s policies.
At the time, Friedman, who is Jewish, said: “His response was to refer
to me as son of a dog. Is that antisemitism or political discourse?”
Abbas has been accused of antisemitism in the past, including in a 2016
speech to the European parliament.
In those apparently unscripted
remarks, Abbas claimed: “A number
of rabbis in Israel made a clear declaration and asked their government to
poison water to kill the Palestinians.”
He gave no source for the accusation but said it was part of wider Israeli
incitement against Palestinians.
Netanyahu’s office replied by accusing Abbas of disseminating “a blood
libel”. Abbas’s office later acknowledged that reports on which he had
based his comments were baseless.
Angry supporters
of opposition leader
force shutdown of
Armenian capital
Andrew Roth
▲ Protesters backing Nikol Pashinyan
blockade the centre of Yerevan to
support his bid to become president
PHOTOGRAPH: SERGEI GAPON/AFP/GETTY
Protesters shut down Armenia’s
capital, Yerevan, yesterday as
supporters of the opposition leader,
Nikol Pashinyan, vented their anger
after the ruling party scuttled his bid
to become prime minister.
The protesters blocked government
buildings and the main road linking
the city with the main airport. Pashinyan had called for a general strike.
It was a show of strength to the
ruling Republican party that Pashinyan could quickly mobilise tens of
thousands of Armenians angry at the
stranglehold on the country by a small
group of politicians and businessmen.
In a sign that the protests may have
worked, the head of the ruling party
said its lawmakers were ready to support Pashinyan’s bid for the leadership
in a parliamentary vote next week. It
would signal a clear capitulation by
the party, led by Artur Baghdasaryan.
Yesterday’s protests were a return to
the political standoff that has gripped
the South Caucasus country of 3 million people for the last three weeks.
In an important victory, protesters
last week forced the country’s prime
minister and most powerful politician,
Serzh Sargsyan, to resign after more
than 10 years in power.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:30 Edition Date:180503 Edition:01 Zone:
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•
30
World
The Guardian Thursday 3 May 2018
▼ The Egg House, Manhattan, has
giant eggs, an oversized egg carton
and an egg pool with palm trees
PHOTOGRAPH: EGG HOUSE/DEAR ABIGAIL
Pizza posers
Museums
gear up for
the selfie
generation
The original
price for tickets
to the Museum
of Ice Cream
in 2016. They
have since
risen to $38
13
The number
of artworks
being sold by
the Berkshire
Museum in
Massachusetts
to pay off debts
Nadja Sayej
T
he first pizzeria in
the US opened at 32
Spring Street in New
York City in 1905. It
was founded by an
Italian pizza-maker,
Gennaro Lombardi, who sold each
slice for five cents. The Museum of
Pizza, opening this autumn in New
York, may or may not acknowledge
this piece of history, and there’s a
reason why. It’s a selfie museum.
Rather than hanging photos on a
wall and outlining the chronological
history of pizza, it’s a pop-up space
fit for a digital-savvy generation,
$18
featuring a pizza beach, a pizza cave
and several funhouse spots to pose
and celebrate pizza.
It is not the only food-themed
museum planning to cash in on
tech-savvy millennials. On 16 June,
a pop-up devoted to avocados opens
in San Diego, and the Museum of
Candy opens this summer in New
York, boasting a 15-room exhibition,
a lifesize unicorn made of candy and
“the world’s largest gummy bear”.
It was partly propelled by the
Museum of Ice Cream, which
launched in New York in 2016 and
tapped into a serious demand. It sold
more than 300,000 $18 (£13) tickets in
its first five days, a $5.4m haul.
It has since travelled to Los Angeles,
Miami and San Francisco, where it
more than doubled the ticket price, to
$38, and sold out six months’ worth of
tickets in less than two hours.
Kareem Rahma, founder of the
Museum of Pizza, says: “We see an
opportunity to add new layers of
playfulness to the current art, food
and learning experience.”
The Museum of Pizza aims to
balance Instagram selfies with the
history of pizza, Rahma adds. “Our
visitors will learn more about their
relationship with food, pizza, art,
and walk away with some really
great memories and photos.
“People want to learn and
take selfies so we’re creating
an opportunity to do both
simultaneously.”
A similar approach to photofriendly “art” is taken in a pop-up
called the Egg House, which
celebrates the egg. Set in the heart of
Manhattan, the exhibition features
giant eggs, an oversized egg carton
and an egg pool with palm trees.
“It aims to provide a quick
getaway from the daily life through
a fantasised theme house,” says
Biubiu Xu, founder of the Egg
House, which runs until 27 June.
Xu helped stage the exhibition
with the smartphone in mind,
suggesting that museums are
changing in the face of social
media. “Now, the focus is not only
on pleasing the visitors but the
lens,” says Xu. “We think it’s not
necessarily a bad or superficial thing
– cameras are better vehicles for
communicating things for a shorter
attention span, which is the case for
the current generation.”
Many “real museums”,
meanwhile, are struggling to pay
the bills. The Berkshire Museum
in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, is
auctioning off 13 artworks, including
classics by the American painter
Norman Rockwell, to deal with debts
of $55m.
“White box museums forbid
you to touch the art, which for me
personally inspired the burning
desire to touch all the art,” says
Rahma. “We’re like the second
coming of the interactive science
museum – we’re a fully immersive
space with many different
experiences, all in one.”
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•••
Thursday 3 May 2018 The Guardian
World
31
Iowa legislators pass
most restrictive ban
on abortions in US
Agencies
Des Moines
Iowa’s Republican-controlled legislature has passed the most restrictive
abortion ban in the US.
The bill would outlaw the procedure after a foetal heartbeat is
detected, which often occurs at six
weeks and before a woman realises
she is pregnant.
According to the legislature’s online
voting tallies, the state senate voted
29-17 to pass the bill, which had been
approved by Iowa’s house of representatives. It now goes to the Republican
governor, Kim Reynolds, an abortion
opponent, who has not said publicly
whether she will sign it into law.
Activists on both sides of the issue
said the legislation was aimed at triggering a challenge to Roe v Wade,
the US supreme court’s 1973 landmark decision that established that
women have a constitutional right to
an abortion.
Abortion opponents aim to put
the issue back in front of the nation’s
top court, where they believe the 5-4
conservative majority could sharply
curtail access to abortions or ban them
outright.
“We created an opportunity to take
a run at Roe v Wade – 100%,” said the
Republican state senator Rick Bertrand
of Sioux City, who said the legislation
was designed to be “thrust into the
court”. The supreme court had its
‘It is unconstitutional.
The bill weaponises
foetal heartbeat’
Becca Lee
Abortion rights activist
conservative majority restored when
Donald Trump appointed Justice Neil
Gorsuch.
Becca Lee of Planned Parenthood of
the Heartland, which supports access
to abortion, called it an “intentionally
unconstitutional ban on 99% of safe,
legal abortion, designed to challenge
Roe v Wade”. She added: “The bill
weaponises foetal heartbeat, which
is by all accounts an arbitrary standard that bans abortion long before the
point of foetal viability.”
In March, Mississippi’s Republican governor signed into law a bill
banning abortion after 15 weeks with
some exceptions, sparking an immediate court challenge by abortion rights
advocates. A similar challenge is
under way in Kentucky, which in April
enacted a ban on a common abortion
procedure from the 11th week.
The Iowa bill, which the senate
passed early yesterday after overnight
wrangling by legislators, requires any
woman seeking an abortion to undergo
an abdominal ultrasound to screen for
a foetal heartbeat. If one is detected,
healthcare providers are barred from
performing an abortion. Among the
few exceptions to the ban are if a
woman was raped or a victim of incest
and has reported that to authorities.
During the debate, Vicki Lensing,
an Iowa City Democrat, said: “How
dare we think that the privacy and
decisions of a woman and her medical choices are up to us to determine?
“I am personally offended by this
bill that seems to second-guess a woman’s ability to make an unintended and
difficult decision.”
Reynolds’ press secretary, Brenna
Smith, indicated in an email that the
governor was open to signing the bill.
“Governor Reynolds is 100% pro-life
and will never stop fighting for the
unborn,” Smith said.
French police step up security
after May Day riots in Paris
Kim Willsher
Paris
The French government has
announced it is stepping up security at
street protests over labour law reforms
after cars were torched and a McDonald’s restaurant attacked during a May
Day demonstration on Tuesday.
The county’s security services
denied they were unprepared
for the 1,200 hooded, black-clad
anti-capitalists who hijacked the
march for workers’ rights.
Shouting “Rise up, Paris”and
“Macron puts us in a black rage”, the
protesters, apparently from the far-left
Black bloc movement, hurled stones
and molotov cocktails at security
forces who responded with teargas
and water cannon.
Holding out
for reprieve
The Reuters
journalist
Kyaw Soe
Oo arrives
in court
in Yangon
holding his
daughter. He
and Wa Lone,
a colleague,
are accused
of breaking
secrecy
laws while
investigating
a massacre
of Rohingya
Muslims.
The judge
refused to
dismiss
the case.
Faux pas or faux ami?
Was it a verbal faux pas, or a jeu
de mots gone wrong? Emmanuel
Macron’s choice of English words
set Australian tongues wagging
yesterday. “Thank you and your
delicious wife for your warm
welcome,” the French president
said to the country’s prime
minister, Malcolm Turnbull. The
more charitable among the media
reckoned Macron was thinking of
his lunch. Others said the mistake
made by the French president, who
prides himself on speaking fluent
English, might have been down to a
faux ami – the French word délicieux
can means “lovely” when used to
describe a person. Jon Henley
PHOTOGRAPH:
LYNN BO BO/EPA
Police said 109 people were being
held after attacks on police and property along the route of the Paris rally.
The interior minister, Gérard Collomb, promised yesterday to send
more police to future gatherings.
“For the next demonstrations, there
will be even more security forces, this
time with the intention of totally separating protesters from those who have
come to smash things up,” he told
France 2 television.
Collomb defended the way police
had handled the violence, saying
little could be done to stop troublemakers infiltrating crowds. “We can
only detain a certain number of people who turn up like you or me in
civilian clothing and then suddenly
are dressed in Black Bloc outfits in the
middle of the crowd,” he said.
Black bloc has become a generic
term for ultraradical, highly mobilised
leftwing groups often associated with
anti-capitalism, anti-globalisation,
anti-fascism and anarchism. Protesters wear black clothing and cover their
faces to conceal their identities.
Basque militants
announce full
dissolution after
decades of terror
Sam Jones
Madrid
The Basque separatist group Eta,
which killed more than 800 people
during its 40-year terror campaign,
has announced its full dissolution
days after apologising to its victims
and their families.
In a letter dated 16 April, but published by a Spanish online newspaper
yesterday, the group said it had come
to the end of its existence.
“Eta has decided to declare an
end to its historical cycle and its role,
thereby bringing its path to an end,”
said the letter, which was obtained by
eldiario.es. “Eta has completely dissolved all its structures and declared
an end to its political initiative.”
The group, which abandoned its
armed campaign seven years ago,
said the move was part of a process
intended to “bring about a new political cycle” in the Basque homeland.
“This decision ends Eta’s 60-year
historical cycle,” it added. “But it
does not bring an end to the conflict
between the Basque homeland and
Spain and France. The conflict did not
begin with Eta and will not end with
its dissolution.”
The letter said Basques had a new
opportunity to break with the past:
“Let’s not repeat our mistakes. Let’s
not let our problems fester. Doing so
will only give rise to new problems.”
Its apology last month was dismissed by victims’ groups but hailed
by the Spanish government as proof
Eta had been defeated “with the weapons of democracy”.
Eta will hold a symbolic event
marking its disbandment in southern
France tomorrow.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:32 Edition Date:180503 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 2/5/2018 17:25
cYanmaGentaYellowbl
•
32
The Guardian Thursday 3 May 2018
World
Takeaway
and corn
chip diet
triggers
kangaroo
attacks
‘You can
rustle a
chip packet
and they
know what’s
there. That
makes them
aggressive’
Shane Lewis
Tour guide
Oliver Milman
Guardian staff
Sydney
A New South Wales politician has
called for a coordinated government
response to a spate of junk food-crazed
kangaroo attacks on tourists.
The attacks have occurred while
tourists attempt to feed the native
animals inappropriate food such
as carrots and corn chips, and even
McDonald’s takeaway, tourist companies in the area say.
“There have been a number of
reported incidents in which kangaroos have attacked visitors, in one case
causing a very deep gash to a man’s
stomach,” the state MP for the area,
Greg Piper, told the New South Wales
parliament on Tuesday.
“In most cases they have been kicking out, clawing faces and grappling
with people, causing lacerations or
significant scratching … Recently
one attacked a man, who required 17
stitches in his face.”
Tourists have been flocking to the
grounds of Morisset hospital near Lake
Macquarie, 130km north of Sydney,
advised on travel websites and social
media that it is a reliable place to see
wild kangaroos for free. The location
is about three miles from the nearest
train station.
Piper said last week he had visited
the site, which is an operational psychiatric hospital, and had seen tourists
offering the animals corn chips, apples,
bananas and processed foods. Kangaroos’ usual diet is grasses.
Michelle Shaw, the nutritionist at
Sydney’s Taronga zoo, said feeding the
animals could be very harmful. Kangaroos were grazers, with digestive
systems similar to cows, and feeding
An image from
social media
appears to show
a kangaroo
attacking a
visitor at the
Morisset hospital
site in New
South Wales
PHOTOGRAPH: KROOSN
SHUTTLE SERVICE
them even fruit or vegetables could
cause stomach ulcers and inhibit the
digestion of their proper diet, she said.
“Another problem is research has
shown animals can become quite
addicted to sugar,” she said. “They
are going to seek it out regardless
of whether it is going to be good for
them or not, so they can become quite
aggressive.”
A local tour bus operator, Shane
Lewis, estimates there are up to 2,000
visitors a week – the majority at weekends – seeking selfies with a roo. His
company transports about a quarter
of them, by his estimation. He said the
animals had learned to associate the
tourists with food.
“You can rustle a chip packet and
Invasive fist-sized Cuban frogs
discovered at New Orleans zoo
Associated Press
New Orleans
Invasive, noxious Cuban tree frogs that
eat smaller frogs and grow as big as a
human fist have established a population in New Orleans, and officials say
they could soon pose a threat to native
frogs across the Mississippi river.
The US Geological Survey (USGS)
says frogs caught at the Audubon zoo
in the city and at a nearby riverfront
Everglades
under threat as
sea level rises
and mangroves
forced inland
▲ The New Orleans population of
Cuban tree frogs is the first found on
the US mainland outside Florida
they know what’s in there,” he said.
“That makes them aggressive.
“You wouldn’t go near a dog when
it’s eating its dinner, but people let
their children go over, and I’ve seen
kangaroos lash out thinking the kids
going to take their food when they’re
just coming to pat them.”
He said he had been showing tourists photos of injuries caused by the
kangaroos to discourage them from
feeding the animals.
Estimated number of tourists a week
spotting kangaroos north of Sydney
where attacks have increased
“We try to scare them into not being
naive and thinking they’re cute and
cuddly by showing them the photos
– what can happen – and not to give
them any food,” he said.
Lewis said the presence of tourists
was generally positive as it tended to
make the animals safer, but more education was needed.
Piper said it was probably impossible to stop tourists coming to the area
– “that joey has left the pouch, so to
speak”, he said.
But he called on the state’s national
parks department and the health
department, which owns the hospital site, to install signs in several
languages to remind people that feeding the animals was illegal and unsafe.
park are the first established population of Cuban tree frogs on the US
mainland outside Florida.
The captured frogs probably arrived
on palm trees from Florida that were
planted in the zoo in 2016, Brad Glorioso, a USGS research ecologist, wrote
in a study published in the April issue
of the journal Biological Invasions.
“They have noxious skin secretions,
lay their eggs in bird baths and fish
ponds, and they can clog plumbing
and cause power outages by shortcircuiting utility switches where they
seek refuge,” he said in a news release.
They could easily cross the river on
vehicles, boats, barges or debris and
prey on smaller frogs, Glorioso wrote
in the article.
Jeff Boundy, a herpetologist with
the Louisiana Department of Wildlife
and Fisheries’ natural heritage programme, said local tree frogs were
considerably smaller than the Cuban
variety. “The natives are about a quarter- to half-dollar size [2.4cm to 3.1cm]
on your kitchen window at night.
These guys get up to five and a half
inches [14cm] in body length. You’re
talking about a fist-sized frog now.”
Four surveys of the zoo and park in
late 2017 found 370 Cuban tree frogs.
The park survey also found about
450 tadpoles in a tyre rut, with 1,600
more in a pool about a metre long and
half that wide. Water was emptied
from both pools to kill any tadpoles
that were not caught.
2,000
Florida’s mangroves have been forced
to retreat by a rise in sea level and now
face being drowned, threatening
coastal communities and the Everglades wetlands, a study has found.
Researchers found the swelling
ocean had pushed mangroves in southeast Florida on a “death march” inland.
The trees have now hit a manmade
levee and are likely to be submerged
within 30 years, according to the Florida International University analysis.
“There’s nowhere left for them
to go. They are done,” said Randall
Parkinson, a coastal geologist. “The
sea will continue to rise and the
question now is whether they will be
replaced by open water – I think they
will. The outlook is pretty grim. What’s
mind-boggling is that we are facing
the inundation of south Florida this
century.”
Mangrove trees, which can grow
in salty or brackish water, are crucial
buffers to storms and salt water intrusion, as well as animal habitats.
Using aerial photographs, satellite imagery and sediment cores, FIU
researchers found that mangroves
just south of Miami were migrating
westwards over marshland at a rate
of about 30 metres a year until they
were stopped by the L-31E levee, a
flood barrier in Miami-Dade county.
Research suggests the same phenomenon has happened elsewhere in
south Florida, making the region more
vulnerable to storms, such as Hurricane Irma last year, and land loss as
the sea rises. Of particular concern is
the future of the Everglades, the vast
marsh, mangrove and pine flatwoods
wilderness that is home to threatened
species such as the manatee, American
crocodile and Florida panther.
The Everglades, known as the “river
of grass”, was long nourished by fresh
water flowing slowly from marshes,
lakes and rivers to the north.
However, the ecosystem has shrunk
by about half since canals and dams
were built over the past century for
agriculture and to build homes.
Swathes of the Everglades have been
drained to accommodate a booming
human population – more than 6 million people now live in south Florida.
A plan to restore fresh water to the
Everglades was backed by Congress
but the area is now also threatened
by climate change. Sea levels are rising rapidly on the flat south Florida
coast – about three times as fast as the
global average. Salt water is entering
the Everglades from the coast and
from underground aquifers.
“You can restore the plumbing of
the Everglades but the question is
whether that will be enough. We are
at a tipping point. Sea-level rise could
be more than 20mm a year,” Parkinson
said. “There’s no way our coastal habitats will keep pace.”
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:33 Edition Date:180503 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 2/5/2018 17:25
cYanmaGentaYellowbl
•
Thursday 3 May 2018 The Guardian
World
Malaysia
33
‘It’s personal’ Former prime
minister Mahathir back at
92 to stop ‘corrupt’ protege
The former
prime minister
Mahathir
Mohamad, left,
with his protege
and prime
minister, Najib
Razak, in 2009. He
has since said he
feels betrayed by
Najib and will
try to oust him
PHOTOGRAPH:
LAI SENG SIN/AP
Hannah Ellis-Petersen
Putrajaya
M
ahathir Mohamad
is 92 and by his
own account
should be
enjoying a “nice
time” during his
retirement. But instead, Malaysia’s
arch political puppetmaster and
former prime minister is returning
to the political fray, bent on toppling
his former protege and reclaiming
power when the country goes to the
polls on 9 May.
This time around, the man whose
ambitions and political grudges
came to influence every major power
shift in the country for decades has
his sights on bringing down the
current prime minister, Najib Razak,
a man he dismisses as “corrupt”.
Mahathir insists it is with “great
reluctance” that he is running for
prime minister again. If he wins, it
will make him the oldest leader in
the world.
“It’s still quite unexpected,” he
tells the Guardian in an interview in
his airy office in the administrative
capital, Putrajaya. “I thought I would
retire and have a nice time, but
people demanded, kept on asking
me to do something. Eventually I’ve
had to form a party. I’ve had to be
directly involved; I have no choice.”
Mahathir ruled Malaysia with an
iron first from 1981 to 2003, but now
gives off the air of a world-weary
academic who is allowing himself
to be martyred for his cause. “This
election is personal. I feel betrayed
by him [Najib], I can’t help it,” he
says, describing in a tone of great
injury how Najib has banned anyone
in government from contacting him.
There is a certain irony to his
vendetta. Najib was groomed by
Mahathir and once described as his
protege. But in 2015, Najib was
implicated in the 1MDB scandal,
when $2.6bn (£1.9bn) of a government fund Najib set up went missing
and was embezzled around the
world. Some $681m of 1MDB money
is alleged to have been transferred
into Najib’s bank account.
While Najib denied the
allegations and cleared himself of
any wrongdoing, the Malaysian
government investigation is widely
regarded as a farce. According to
Mahathir, the scandal was the
moment he realised that Najib was
“not the man I thought he was”.
“Why do I want to remove Najib?
I should have thought the whole
world would know,” he says.
“Najib has made Malaysia among
the 10 most corrupt countries in
the world and we have evidence to
show, evidence that he has covered
up under the Official Secrets Act and
▲ Mahathir, left, greeting supporters
last week after announcing he
will stand in the election on 9 May
PHOTOGRAPH: FAZRY ISMAIL/EPA
banned people from talking about
[it]. He’s using money to buy up
people. He told me himself that ‘cash
is king’, told me that [with] that
money ‘I can do whatever I like’.”
The animosity and mudslinging
exists on both sides. Najib denies all
the allegations and a spokesperson
from his coalition, Barisan Nasional,
told the Guardian Mahathir’s “22year self-confessed dictatorship has
been a series of evasions, outright
lies and claims of memory loss”.
Certainly Mahathir’s
‘I thought I would
retire and have a
nice time, but people
demanded, kept
on asking me to
do something’
Mahathir Mohamad
Former Malaysian PM
administration had its own scandals,
both in its tendency to award
multibillion-dollar government
contracts to the prime minister’s
allies, but also for financial
mismanagement. “There was
corruption that happened when I
was prime minister but not on this
scale,” says Mahathir.
So determined is he to remove
Najib from office that Mahathir
formed his own political party last
year and swapped sides – he and
Najib were both part of the Unmo
party. Mahathir formed an alliance
with the opposition coalition, now
running as the leader of the very
set of parties he tried to destroy as
prime minister.
He firmly believes that as the
one who “made” Najib, he is also
the only one who can take him
down. Certainly the opposition,
which has never won an election, is
stronger and more united under his
leadership than ever before.
Part of Mahathir’s deal with
the opposition coalition is that,
should he win them the election, he
will quickly cede power to Anwar
Ibrahim. Anwar was another of
Mahathir’s former proteges, but
whose path to the top was halted
in 1999 when Mahathir had Anwar
jailed for sodomy, a crime in
Malaysia. He has always stood
by the decision.
But times have changed. With
Anwar due to be released from jail
in June (he is currently serving a
second sentence for sodomy), the
plan is for Mahathir to have him
pardoned and make way for him
to become prime minister. “I don’t
call it a sacrifice, I think it’s just
a necessary thing I have to do,”
says Mahathir on this unexpected
alliance. But does he still believe
Anwar is gay? “Well that is what the
police told me,” he says, skirting the
question. “I didn’t examine him, but
I am dependent on the police and I
have to accept their evidence.”
On the question of whether
Anwar deserves to be locked up
for being gay, Mahathir is more
forthright. “I’m a Muslim, we don’t
accept that,” he says.
The opposition coalition has
said that Mahathir will remain
in office for a maximum of two
years before Anwar takes over, but
Mahathir clearly views the timetable
as flexible. “I need to have time
in office – two years, three years –
because there are things that
I need to do”.
If he wins power, the first thing
Mahathir wants to do is reclaim
the stolen money, much of which
is still in the US, Singapore and
Switzerland, and jail anyone found
to be implicated in 1MDB. “If we find
he [Najib] has broken the law and
stolen money, as the evidence shows
then, yes, we will make sure he faces
charges in court,” says Mahathir.
He also intends to “restore the
rule of law”, which, he says, has
been dismantled under Najib. Yet
Mahathir himself was not known to
have great respect for the rule of law.
In 1988, after an adverse ruling, he
fired the chief justice and two other
senior judges. He also locked up
political opponents, banned public
protests and stifled criticism with a
barrage of repressive laws.
Yet Mahathir now takes umbrage
at the suggestion he was an
authoritarian leader. “I resigned
on my own and during my time the
country enjoyed a period of great
prosperity,” he says.
Perhaps then, has he softened in
his older years? After all, he has had
two heart bypass surgeries and was
recently in hospital for an issue
with his lungs. He is steely in his
answer. “Do I look like a senile old
man to you?” he asks with small
smile. “No, I thought not.”
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:34 Edition Date:180503 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 2/5/2018 19:27
•
34
cYanmaGentaYellowbl
The Guardian Thursday 3 May 2018
World
▼ Syrian children in eastern Ghouta.
The war has created a lost generation
of infants. Radio-Dodo aims to help
PHOTOGRAPH: AMER ALMOHIBANY/AFP/GETTY
‘I told myself I would
never be able to feel
good about myself
again if I didn’t find
a way to help’
Brigitte Alepin
Radio-Dodo creator
▲ Rahaf, 10, a regular listener, came
to Canada from Damascus in 2016
shocked and helpless; only a few
years earlier, she had visited her
grandfather’s hometown of Aleppo
with her young son.
Throughout the trip he had
played with local children; now, she
couldn’t help wondering what had
happened to them.
“I asked myself, how is it that life
makes it possible for my boy – who
had been in Aleppo – now to be safe
at home in Quebec?” she said. “I told
myself I would never be able to feel
good about myself again if I didn’t
find a way to help.”
For a while, Alepin wondered how
she could help Syrian refugees half
a world away, but as she discussed
the problem with a friend, an idea
formed: radio waves could cross
borders and reach an audience
anywhere around the world.
“We were talking and a little while
later, I had an intuition: I would try
to make a radio show for children,”
said Alepin.
She gathered a small team of
Syrian, Algerian and Canadian
volunteers to help her organise the
show, find things to broadcast and
sign up storytellers.
Prominent Canadian writers
including Kim Thuy and Wajdi
Mouawad, and former Canadian
Olympic athlete Marie-Ève Marleau
have appeared on the show to read
stories or discuss their jobs.
Most of the audience is in Turkey
and Quebec. One regular listener
is Rahaf, a 10-year-old Syrian
refugee from Damascus who came
to Montreal in 2016 with her two
brothers and their parents.
Rahaf uses her brother’s laptop to
listen to the show as she falls asleep;
her favourite story so far was about a
dog taking the bus by itself.
“I just listen on my bed and I sing
along,” she said in French, which is
her new language.
Rahaf’s mother, Basma – who
asked for the family’s surname to be
withheld – said that her husband and
sons escaped to Jordan first.
But when Basma and Rahaf
attempted to follow, they were
arrested and jailed for 18 months.
After being released, she and her
siblings lived in a refugee camp in
Jordan for three years; conditions
were harsh, and there was no chance
for the children to go to school.
Now Rahaf is getting used to her
new life, going to a local school
during the day and playing at home.
“I like telling myself stories and
when I have a new book, I read it to
myself,” she said.
Alepin says she wants to continue
spreading love and joy to refugee
children and plans to further expand
her project.
She has recently found a partner
radio station in Mali to broadcast
her show to children in the Frenchspeaking country, and hopes that
eventually Radio-Dodo can become
a global radio show for child refugees
around the world.
and Development party’s (AKP) control, and overcome the regulation that
any party must receive 10% of the vote
to win a seat in parliament, a rule that
has reinforced Erdoğan’s majority.
The coalition, which is expected to
be announced today, will include the
Republican People’s party (CHP), the
İyi (Good) party, the Islamist Saadet
party (SP) and the Democrat party
(DP). The secularist CHP is the largest opposition group, and the newly
formed İyi is composed primarily of
nationalists. They will run against the
AKP and the Nationalist Action party
(MHP), which formed a coalition to
contest the polls.
Erdoğan has called snap presidential and parliamentary elections on
24 June, a year and a half ahead of
schedule. Whoever is elected president will assume sweeping powers
narrowly passed in a referendum last
year. Erdoğan is the clear favourite, but
a larger opposition bloc in parliament
would pose a significant challenge.
Parties that fail to achieve the
10% minimum have any seats won
reallocated to others. In March, the
AKP-dominated parliament passed a
bill that permitted electoral alliances
in Turkey for the first time. The law
allows smaller parties to skirt the 10%
threshold by entering a coalition.
The AKP and the nationalist MHP
announced an alliance amid fears
the MHP would fail to garner enough
votes to enter parliament after backing
Erdoğan’s re-election. But the opposition’s move has complicated matters
for the ruling party.
The alliance does not include the
pro-Kurdish Peoples’ Democratic
party (HDP), which has suffered after
a crackdown on dissent led to the
imprisonment of many of its MPs and
its two leaders.
Despite this, the HDP may well
reach its electoral threshold and enter
parliament owing to its popularity
with Kurdish voters.
Bedtime Canadian radio service
plays stories for Syrian children
Clothilde Goujard
Montreal
‘A
ttention ladies and
gentlemen, come
closer! The circus – and
your favourite radio
show – is about to
start,” says a FrenchCanadian veteran journalist in
French. He turns to his co-host, a
Syrian storyteller, who repeats the
words into her microphone, this
time speaking in Arabic.
In the tiny downtown studio of a
student radio station in Montreal,
Bernard Derome and Marya Zarif are
recording a radio show for Syrian
refugee children. Launched in 2017
with support from the Canadian
Commission for Unesco, RadioDodo, or Sleepytime Radio, has
already broadcast 37 episodes online
and through Radio Rozana, a Syrian
radio station based in Paris.
The weekly bilingual show
mixes stories, songs and segments
about everything from tying your
shoelaces to why your milk teeth fall
out. The aim is to give Syrian refugee
children around the world a chance
to forget about their worries and fall
asleep at night.
The woman behind the show is
Brigitte Alepin, a French-Canadian
tax expert whose Syrian grandfather
migrated to Canada in the early
20th century. When the Syrian war
erupted in 2011, Alepin said she felt
Turkish opposition parties unite
to take on Erdoğan in elections
Kareem Shaheen
Istanbul
Turkey’s main opposition parties are
expected to announce a broad electoral alliance before general elections
next month, a step that could pose a
significant challenge to the dominance
of Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s ruling party.
The deal is likely to dilute the Justice
▲ Meral Akşener of the İyi party is a
candidate in the presidential election
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:35 Edition Date:180503 Edition:01 Zone:
Thursday 3 May 2018 The Guardian
Sent at 2/5/2018 19:37
cYanmaGentaYellowbl
•
35
FTSE 100
All share
Dow Indl
Nikkei 225
+
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1.1374
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7543.20
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15.54
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35.25
£/€
£/$
Sports Direct
founder files
complaint
over inquiry
Simon Goodley
Mike Ashley, the founder of Sports
Direct, has resurrected the controversy
over the “Victorian workhouse” conditions at his company’s Shirebrook
warehouse by filing a complaint
against the former MP who led the
parliamentary inquiry into the retailer.
The company has complained to
the parliamentary commissioner for
standards about the conduct of Iain
Wright, the former Labour MP for
Hartlepool, who chaired the business,
innovation and skills select committee
during the last parliament.
The 2016 inquiry into working practices at the firm was launched after a
Guardian investigation exposed how
the company was paying staff less
than the minimum wage. The MPs
concluded that Ashley had been building his success on a business model
that treated workers “without dignity or respect”. Sports Direct and its
employment agencies – Transline and
The Best Connection – were named
and shamed by the government for
paying workers less than the legal minimum wage. The three companies also
agreed to award the company’s warehouse workers about £1m in back pay.
Sports Direct has complained that
Wright failed to act objectively during
the inquiry, by not fully explaining a
donation he received from the Unite
trade union, which supplied evidence
to the inquiry. The retailer also says
Wright misled the company about
when the committee would carry out
an inspection of Shirebrook. The visit,
in November 2016, ended in further
controversy amid claims Sports Direct
staff had placed a recording device in
a room where the MPs were meeting.
Kathryn Stone, the parliamentary
commissioner for standards, has to
determine if the complaint is within
her remit and if the evidence justifies
an investigation. If she feels Sports
Direct’s complaint has cleared those
first two hurdles, the rules state that,
as the complaint is about a former MP,
Stone must consult with the committee on standards, which oversees her
work and is staffed by MPs and members of the public.
▲ The former MP Iain Wright chaired
the inquiry into the retailer in 2016
House of Fraser to
close stores in deal
with Chinese firm
Sarah Butler
House of Fraser is to close stores,
potentially putting hundreds of jobs
at risk, in a restructuring deal that will
hand control of the retail chain to the
Chinese owner of Hamleys.
C.banner is buying a 51% stake in the
parent of the ailing department store
group. The buyout will involve the
acquisition of shares from Nanjing
Cenbest, part of China’s Sanpower
conglomerate, which will retain a
minority stake.
C.banner has also agreed to pay a
further £70m for new shares, leading
to a “significant capital injection” in
House of Fraser. That comes on top
of £25m of cash pumped into the company by shareholders since March.
The deal is subject to House of
Fraser closing an unknown number
of its 59 stores and renegotiating rents
with landlords through a company
voluntary arrangement (CVA) insolvency process, which is expected to
be launched in June.Industry experts
suggested House of Fraser would have
to consider closing at least 20 sites.
The group has already been negotiating with landlords to reduce its
floorspace by 30% by slimming down
a number of outlets. It is understood
that deals have been struck to downsize stores in cities including Plymouth
and Wolverhampton.
The closures could lead to hundreds
of job losses at the 169-year-old department store chain, which employs
5,000 people directly and a further
12,500 in concessions for fashion
brands including French Connection,
Phase Eight and Ted Baker.
The loss of such large retail tenants will also be a blow to high streets
reeling from the collapse of Toys R Us
and Maplin and the closures of 60 New
Look stores under a rescue restructuring. Carpetright plans to shut 92
stores and Mothercare is expected
to close dozens of outlets as it battles
for survival.
The switch towards online shopping
is hitting all retailers, but department
stores are finding it particularly hard
to adapt because there are few alternative tenants for their large stores,
most of which are tied into long lease
agreements.
In the US, hundreds of department
stores closed last year, while in the UK
BHS collapsed in 2016 after years of difficulties. Debenhams has closed two
stores and announced plans to close
up to eight more. It is also looking to
find new uses for redundant space,
such as gyms, restaurants and hotdesk offices.
“A CVA for House of Fraser has
seemed inevitable for some time as
the migration to online sales leads to
a number of stores becoming unprofitable,” said Patrick O’Brien, an analyst
at GlobalData. “If it can get more realistic rents and get rid of weaker stores
and with investment in own ranges
and the store environment, it has
every chance of a viable future.”
House of Fraser said the restructuring would “provide the business
51%
The stake in House of Fraser being
bought by C.banner, the Chinese
owner of the toy retailer Hamleys
5,000
Number of people employed directly
by House of Fraser. The C.banner
deal puts hundreds of jobs at risk
▲ Industry experts suggest House of
Fraser will have to look at closing at
least 20 of its 59 department stores
PHOTOGRAPH: JACOBIA DAHM/BLOOMBERG/GETTY
with an effective platform for future
growth”. Under the deal, Sanpower
and C.banner will co-own the holding
company that controls an 89% stake in
House of Fraser’s UK business. Sports
Direct’s boss, Mike Ashley, controls the
remaining 11%.
The investment in House of Fraser
is a big step up in investment in the
UK for the Hong Kong listed C.banner,
whose chairman, Chen Yixi, is the
brother-in-law of Yuan Yafei, the billionaire chairman of Sanpower.
C.banner, which specialises in women’s footwear under brands including
MIO and Sundance, bought Hamleys in
2015 for an estimated £100m.
Frank Slevin, House of Fraser’s
chairman, said C.banner’s investment
was “a vote of confidence”.
He said the management team, led
by Alex Williamson, had made “substantial progress” on a turnaround,
but added: “We need to go further and
faster if we are to confront the seismic
shifts in the retail industry.”
But House of Fraser could face a
rocky ride in finalising its restructuring
plans, according to the British Property Federation. Ian Fletcher, director
of real estate policy, said talks with
landlords were likely to be awkward,
with “any support for the CVA given
grudgingly”, as the company had not
consulted them before going public.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:36 Edition Date:180503 Edition:03 Zone:
Sent at 2/5/2018 23:36
•••
36
cYanmaGentaYellowbl
The Guardian Thursday 3 May 2018
Financial
▼ Loch Sealg, site of one of the
wind farms proposed for the Isle of
Lewis, which are causing uproar
PHOTOGRAPH: MURDO MACLEOD/GUARDIAN
Shares in
Snapchat
owner hit
record low
Mark Sweney
Uproar on
Lewis as
EDF plans
200-metre
turbine
Adam Vaughan
Energy correspondent
The first government-backed effort
to revive onshore windfarms after
ministers scrapped public subsidies for the technology has run into
opposition in the western isles of
Scotland.
EDF Energy has said two major
windfarms on the Isle of Lewis it is
planning may need to reach heights
normally the preserve of turbines
at sea, prompting an outcry from
residents.
The French company’s renewables
unit said it may need higher turbines
for the project to be economically
viable and win millions of pounds in
government subsidies.
Kerry MacPhee, head of community liaison at Lewis Wind Power, the
EDF-led joint venture behind the plan,
told local residents this week that one
of the windfarms could be 200 metres
(650ft) tall, with the other 187 metres,
up from 150 metres and 145 metres
previously planned.
The tallest EDF turbines planned for Lewis will be
200 metres tall, 65 metres higher than the London Eye
Proposed
turbine
One
Canada
Square
200m
236m
The Shard
310m
London Eye
St Paul’s
Cathedral
135m
111m
Bus
Source: EDF
That would be taller than Britain’s
largest existing onshore turbine (193.5
metres) and be on a par with some of
the world’s most powerful offshore
wind turbines, which are 60 metres
taller than the London Eye.
MacPhee said the potential changes
were designed to increase the projects’
chances of winning future auctions
for low-carbon electricity and unlock
“substantial benefits for Lewis”.
The Conservatives ended subsidies
for onshore windfarms shortly after
coming to power in 2015, citing public
opposition. But last year the government announced onshore wind could
compete for subsidies if built on
remote islands, where the farms could
benefit communities and generate
large-scale clean power.
Claire Perry, energy minister, has
also hinted at a return for the technology on the mainland, saying she
is “looking carefully” at supporting
onshore windfarms in Scotland and
Wales, but not England.
Critics remain unimpressed, however. Four crofting groups have been
fighting EDF’s proposal, arguing that
local people would benefit more if the
island’s wind resource was harnessed
by community-owned turbines.
Rhoda MacKenzie, for the crofters,
said: “It’s going to have a detrimental
effect on tourism. The largest wind turbines in the UK? I hardly think that’s
going to bring people here.”
Calum MacDonald, a former MP who
backs an expansion of communityowned wind power, said the turbine
size was staggering.
Will Collins, the project manager
for EDF’s Lewis wind power venture,
said: “We want to assess the potential for us to consider using larger
turbines in order to make the projects
as competitive as possible.”
Shares in Snap hit a record low yesterday as investors reacted to results that
reflected the cost of a backlash against
a redesign of the social messaging app.
Snap, the parent company of Snapchat, saw its share price fall 21.9% to
$11.03 by the close amid continuing
concerns over its struggle to compete
with Facebook and the social media
group’s subsidiary Instagram.
Snapchat started its first major redesign late last year and by February
more than 1.2 million users has signed
a petition calling for it to reverse the
“annoying” changes.
It capped a bad start to 2018 with a
tweet from Kylie Jenner (a member of
the Kardashian clan and a social media
maven with 24 million followers) in
which she asked followers: “Sooo does
anyone else not open Snapchat anymore?” That proved a stock market
kiss of death and wiped $1.3bn off the
company’s value.
The user backlash against Snapchat,
known for its disappearing messages
and photograph filters, flowed through
to the company’s first-quarter results
on Tuesday, which missed targets. The
service managed to add just 4 million
new users in the first quarter, just over
half the number forecast.
Snapchat issued a growth warning,
saying the fallout from the redesign
would mean a substantial slowdown
in revenue in the current quarter.
Snapchat’s 27-year-old co-founder,
Evan Spiegel, tried to brush off the disaster, saying the redesign was needed
to broaden the app’s popularity with
users and advertisers. Even taking yesterday’s share slump into account,
Snap is worth $17.6bn (£12.9bn).
But analysts were not impressed.
“It is not clear to us why the app
redesign – the first product Snap ever
tested at scale – was rolled out broadly,
and we are even less clear on why it
hasn’t been more aggressively rolled
back already,” said Lloyd Walmsley, a
Deutsche Bank analyst.
Snapchat reported 191 million daily
active users in the first quarter, missing city expectations of 194.15 million.
Revenue came in at $230.7m, an
increase of more than 50% year on
year, but missed estimates of $244.5m.
Snap's share price has fallen to its
lowest level since it floated in
March 2017
Share price, dollars
30
25
20
15
10
Mar
Jun
Sep
Source: Thomson Reuters
Dec
Mar
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:37 Edition Date:180503 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 2/5/2018 20:03
cYanmaGentaYellowbl
•
Thursday 3 May 2018 The Guardian
Financial
Business view
Nils Pratley
TSB’s Pester had three things to
achieve at the Treasury select
committee. He managed none
P
aul Pester, the chief
executive of TSB, had
three main tasks to
perform at yesterday’s
Treasury select
committee hearing.
First, apologise with maximum
contrition for the IT shambles and
the hassle caused to customers.
Second, declare that he definitely
won’t be getting any form of bonus
this year. Third, say when the
problem will be fixed. He failed on
all three fronts.
The formal apologies flowed
(every chief executive knows the
drill), but they were undercut
by Pester’s combative assertions
that much of TSB’s new IT system
is working splendidly. The
“underlying engine” is doing its
job, he argued, but there were
still “accessibility” issues – a bit
like a shop being too small for
all the customers who want to get
in, he suggested. Since he was the
executive ultimately responsible for
commissioning the size of the shop,
this explanation fell flat. When
40,000 customers have complained
in 10 days, accessibility is the
problem.
The bonus issue should have
been an open goal, since even
Pester, surely, can’t be expecting to
collect more than his £900,000 basic
salary this year. But no, chairman
Richard Meddings said Pester
had agreed not to take any bonus
“for this integration”, which left
open the possibility that he could
receive awards for other supposed
achievements. This may not be
a comfort to those overworked
TSB staff struggling to handle
the volume of complaints or the
complainants left hanging on the
phone lines.
37
As for when TSB will get control
of the situation, nobody would offer
a hostage to fortune. Once Pester
had conceded that there was still
a problem that needed to be fixed,
he wouldn’t set a date – although
he inevitably wanted to lever in a
reference to the “improvements”
that were arriving all the time. Only
Miquel Montes, appearing for TSB’s
Spanish parent, Banco Sabadell,
agreed with a reference to “days”,
but it sounded a long way from
being a guarantee.
Meddings, at least, seemed to
grasp the seriousness of the TSB’s
situation (perhaps because he saw
a few crises during his executive
days at Standard Chartered), but
whether the post mortem by law
firm Slaughter & May will get to the
heart of events is anybody’s guess.
The true state of relations between
TSB and its Spanish parent, and how
much blame should fall on each
party, are crucial issues that were
barely explored in the session.
Instead, the lasting impression
was of prickly Pester hitting wrong
note after wrong note.
By the end, he was on to his
favourite subject of how TSB will
rise as a mighty challenger to the
“big five” banks, which enjoy too
many privileges. Nicky Morgan,
chair of the committee, had to
remind him that those who really
want to challenge should start
by running a reliable and robust
operation. Quite.
Blame it on the Gunners
Are bookmakers ever happy? Their
marketing departments never
miss an opportunity to make
exaggerated claims about being
cleaned out when too many heavily
backed favourites romp home at
Cheltenham. Now they’re grumbling
about too many favourites losing –
or, more specifically, Arsenal failing
so often.
A “sustained period of
bookmaker-friendly results”, says
Paddy Power Betfair, contributed
to a soft first quarter. When Arsène
Wenger’s team got into the losing
habit away from home, punters
went into hibernation, apparently.
There was “an adverse recycling
impact”, meaning fewer people
had winnings to blow on the next
match.
From the point of view of the
bookmaker, this does not sound
like the worst problem to have. The
customers were still separated from
their money, just more quickly than
usual. Paddy Power, note, reckons it
has still enough spare cash to spend
£500m on buying back its own
shares. It will live.
Ashley’s acrimony
‘Are bookmakers ever
happy? Now they’re
grumbling about too
many favourites losing
– or, more specifically,
Arsenal failing so often’
Sports Direct is out of the headlines,
but chief executive Mike Ashley
seems determined to get it back in.
He’s grumbling about Iain Wright,
former chair of the business select
committee that investigated
working conditions at the firm. Let
it go, Mike: the inquiry happened
two years ago, and if you didn’t
want MPs turning up unannounced
at your Shirebrook warehouse, you
shouldn’t have said that they were
“100%” free to do so. Wright isn’t
even an MP these days, which makes
Ashley’s stance doubly bizarre.
Vodafone and
TalkTalk ‘worst for
customer service’
Mark Sweney
PHOTOGRAPH:
SEAN GALLUP/GETTY
Having a ball A participant in Berlin’s re:publica conference takes a photograph
of the ball pool she is sitting in on the opening day of the annual event yesterday.
The series of conferences in the German capital focus on digital society, with
talks on topics such as media, entertainment, politics, culture and technology.
TalkTalk and Vodafone have been
named the UK’s worst broadband and
mobile providers respectively for customer service.
Ofcom has listed the broadband,
landline and mobile phone providers with the worst customer service
records, based on a comprehensive
survey. The survey, which looked at
customer satisfaction, complaints and
call waiting times, found TalkTalk’s
broadband customers received the
worst treatment of any provider.
TalkTalk may have had the second quickest call waiting time – at an
average of 52 seconds compared with
EE which topped out at 48 seconds –
but only four in 10 of those surveyed
said they were satisfied with how their
complaint was handled.
A breakdown of the nine metrics Ofcom looked at to determine
how well a broadband provider performed shows that TalkTalk was the
worst performing in all of them, from
willingness to help resolve an issue to
courtesy and politeness of advisors.
In mobile, Ofcom received more
complaints per 100,000 mobile users
(48) against Vodafone than any other
provider.
Lindsey Fussell, consumer group
director at Ofcom, said: “In such a
competitive market, companies can’t
afford to let their service standards
slip. If they don’t up their game, customers can vote with their feet.”
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:38 Edition Date:180503 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 2/5/2018 11:17
cYanmaGentaYellowbl
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:39 Edition Date:180503 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 2/5/2018 11:17
cYanmaGentaYellowbl
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:40 Edition Date:180503 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 2/5/2018 15:59
cYanmaGentaYellowbl
•
The Guardian Thursday 3 May 2018
The lapwings’ courting is a little late this
year, and the birds now face an anxious
few weeks until their eggs hatch
Journal Country diary Page 7
40
Weather
Thursday 3 May 2018
UK and Ireland Noon today
Forecast
Sunny Mist
Low 8 High 17
Around the UK
London
Fog
10
Sunny intervals
Lows and highs
Precipitation
Air pollution
Tomorrow
6
15 15%
Low
Manchester
Mostly cloudy
12
Overcast/dull
8
14
12
Sunny showers
Shetland
Inverness
17
14
25%
Low
14
15%
Low
14
25%
Low
14
25%
Low
20%
Low
13
20%
Low
13
25%
Low
Birmingham
Slight
1008
Edinburgh
Low 9 High 19
13
Sunny and heavy showers
Glasgow
Light showers
Saturday
7
Leeds
Newcastle
ca
12
8
Rain
Sleet
1012
Light
snow
Belfast
13
Snow showers
Dublin
13
Heavy snow
Moderate
York
Liverpool
rpoo
ol
14
8
Bristol
Nottingham
tting
tt
Ice
1016
35C
Thundery rain
14
Birmingham
ming
30
Norwich
25
20
Thundery showers
13
15
1
15
L
London
Cardiff
Ca
14
10
X
1020
5
Temperature,
ºC
0
Atlantic front
Dover
13
-5
-15
Cardiff
8
9
L1008
Weatherwatch
1024
1016
H
984
992
L
1016
L
1016
H
1016
Cold front
1024
1008
H
Warm front
L
1000
Occluded front
Around the world
L
L
1000
1008
L
Trough
Jet stream
The jet stream
is expected to
move across the
western UK and
Bay of Biscay
today.
Direction of
jet stream
110-159kph
160-209
210-259
12
The Channel Islands
There will be an
occluded front
across Norway.
Average speed, 25,000ft
6
7
Slight
-20
The odd shower
will occur across
Scotland on
Friday. It will
be largely dry
in England on
Saturday.
Edinburgh
Plymouth
14
-10
Wind speed,
mph
Newcastle
Atlantic Ocean
ean
260 and above
Forecasts and graphics provided by
Accuweather, Inc ©2018
It has not been a great spring – so
far, at least – but temperatures have
been more or less normal: unlike
those of May 1935. The month in
which King George V celebrated his
silver jubilee started well, with fine,
sunny weather, and highs of 23C.
But in the middle of the month,
the weather switched rapidly from
spring-like to wintry conditions,
with temperatures plummeting and
widespread frost on the night of 16
May. This caused severe damage to
fruit and vegetable crops, especially
in the orchards of Kent.
The next day, there were also
unseasonal snowfalls, with up to
15cm (six inches) falling on the
higher ground in Scotland and
northern parts of England. This then
accumulated in snowdrifts up to one
metre high, blocking roads across
much of Yorkshire, and causing
disruption as far south as Devon and
Cornwall – snow even reaching the
normally very mild Isles of Scilly.
Race meetings were cancelled, as
was a golf tournament in Lancashire.
The Times boldly declared that
this was “A Return to Winter”, but
fortunately the snow soon melted,
to be replaced by the usual unsettled
weather and showers.
Stephen Moss @stephenmoss_tv
Algiers
20
Lagos
31
Ams’dam
13
Lima
22
Athens
26
Lisbon
19
Auckland
17
Madrid
18
B Aires
22
Malaga
23
Bangkok
33
Melb’rne
25
Barcelona
21
Mexico C
25
Basra
36
Miami
28
Beijing
23
Milan
25
Berlin
18
Mombasa
28
Bermuda
23
Montreal
21
Brussels
15
Moscow
22
Budapest
28
Mumbai
33
C’hagen
13
N Orleans
30
Cairo
37
Nairobi
23
Cape Town
22
New Delhi
38
Chicago
22
New York
31
Corfu
23
Paris
16
Dakar
24
Perth
18
Dhaka
36
Prague
17
Dublin
12
Reykjavik
5
Florence
22
Rio de J
28
Gibraltar
20
Rome
22
H Kong
30
Singapore
32
Harare
23
Stockh’m
11
Helsinki
13
Sydney
26
Istanbul
24
Tel Aviv
32
Jo’burg
21
Tenerife
21
K Lumpur
32
Tokyo
25
K’mandu
23
Vancouv’r
17
Kabul
25
Warsaw
30
Kingston
30
Wash’ton
32
Kolkata
31
Well’ton
15
L Angeles
21
Zurich
15
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:41 Edition Date:180503 Edition:01 Zone:
cYanmaGentaYellowbl
•
Thursday 3 May 2018 The Guardian
Football
Sent at 2/5/2018 18:48
Cycling
41
Lampard: I don’t Our sport is
crave return – I do still sexist,
other things now says Deignan
Page 46 Page 42 ▲ The actor Idris Elba
takes a selfie with
Lionel Messi, Cristiano
Ronaldo and others
at the Best Awards in
London last autumn
BEN STANSALL/AFP/GETTY
Gong fishing
Football’s endless
awards ceremonies
are a window into
the organisers’ egos
Marina Hyde
T
he ever-multiplying camera positions,
the reaction shots, the slow motion
beads of sweat, the meticulously
produced highlights reel – sports
coverage has been cinematic for
a very long time. “We’ve always
tried to stir your emotions as well as
your mind,” reflected the late Steve
Sabol, the hugely influential NFL Films founder and
sports broadcasting pioneer. Cinema acknowledged
a reciprocal debt. Sam Peckinpah was inspired by
Sabol’s Super Bowl II film to create the Wild Bunch as
he did – mixing slow-motion violence with fast cuts in a
revolutionary type of action editing. “NFL highlight reels
had a real impact on how movies get made,” Ron Howard
has explained, “particularly montages.’’
Anyway … record scratch; freeze frame. You’re
probably wondering how I’m going to get from this to
Gary Neville’s Monday Night Football Awards. But bear
with me.
For well-rehearsed reasons – from money to
geography – football is primarily a television spectacle
for most fans today. In his excellent Television: A
Biography, the critic David Thomson considers what this
has done to the sport. A lifelong Chelsea fan, Thomson is
interested in how it has affected the players, who “know
they are part of a system of close-ups and slow motion”.
They are “more fastidious about their appearance”,
for instance, and goal celebrations have evolved into
things “that would have been regarded as tasteless 50
years ago”. Players in this multi-billion pound television
experience “have become stars who endorse other
products and dreams”.
Above all, “they know they are being photographed
and so their skills have turned into performances”. If
you watch old match footage, for all the lack of remotely
comparable camera angles, it is difficult to argue that
players have not become far more theatrical. Footballers
are more conscious of themselves as performers.
Has this helped breed a specific type of individualism
in stars that team trophies no longer sate? It might partly
account for the bonkers proliferation of individual
awards ceremonies that attend the game. There are
almost more award ceremonies for footballers now than
there are for movie actors. The traditional opportunities
for meritocratic competition afforded by footballers’
actual jobs – domestic leagues, knockout competitions,
internationals, and so on – are supplemented by a
growing category of individual awards.
Some of these gong shows are low-key, like Gary
Neville’s Monday Night Football Awards, or every
newspaper’s end-of-season effort. They’re judged useful
bits of content, addressing what we are always given to
understand is people’s need to rank things. Team of the
season, player of the season, manager of the season,
most improved player of the season – if you like player
ratings, you’ll love these. I always wish Neville and
the others would give us the likes of Worst Dive, Most
Baroque Press Conference Lie, Biggest Shitbird Owner.
But by now, we all know that would be to misunderstand
the stone tablet nature of such virtual ceremonies. The
public is only allowed a little of what it wants.
Other gong nights are rather more … well, rather more
of a performance. Consider the Football Writers’ Award,
which has been around forever, but
At Fifa’s
should surely have been eradicated
by now, like smallpox, or leaving the
The Best
pitch swiftly when substituted. This
Awards
year it is to be bestowed upon Mo
Salah – would you believe? – just as
Swiss
he won the Professional Footballers’
teenagers
Association award a fortnight ago.
Although, according to itself, the
outside
Writers’ Award is “the most
were asking Football
prestigious”.
But of course. The one thing
Gianni
often hear people say about
Infantino to you
journalists is how appealingly little
autograph self-regard they have, so any way
their shirts in which they can reinforce this
impression is to be welcomed. As its
own website has it, the first-listed aim of the Football
Writers’ Association is “to maintain the prestige of
football writers”. We all like an achievable target, and I
think it’s fair to say the FWA can safeguard the current
level without too much trouble.
I
was asked to the FWA awards once, and went. It
was a big black-tie dinner with a comedian who
was apparently much less racist than in previous
years, and at the end of the formalities, Cristiano
Ronaldo was given a prize for being excellent
at football. Like all these things, it seemed the
long way round of stating something everyone
already knew. But as revenue gathering schemes
go, it was quite fun in the bar afterwards.
Last year Fifa inaugurated its annual The Best Awards
– a classic Gianni Infantino idea, being a glitzy black-tie
ceremony in Zurich at which no sport occurred. The
saddest thing I heard about it was that Swiss teenagers
outside were asking Infantino to autograph their shirts,
in that way you grew up idolising corporate lawyers.
Inside, Cristiano Ronaldo received an award for being
excellent at football.
Arguably the most remarkable thing about the event
was that Fifa staged another one a mere nine months
later – something even a weapons-grade industrywank like the Oscars has never tried to pull. Cristiano
successfully defended his title, so presumably has two
identical Fifa The Best Player Of The Year statuettes
engraved with 2017 in his trophy room.
What does this tell us, in summary? Well, apologies
for having given the impression that all these award
ceremonies cater to the progressively starry tendencies
of the players. On reflection, they say comparatively little
about those eligible to receive them, and more – so, so
much more – about those who grandly dole them out.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:42 Edition Date:180503 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 2/5/2018 20:16
The Guardian Thursday 3 May 2018
•
42
cYanmaGentaYellowbl
Sport
Cycling
Froome steers straight
course on eve of Giro
Team Sky’s main men show
ability to compartmentalise
as they target Hinault record
Martha Kelner
Jerusalem
Chris Froome knows as well as anybody that the Giro d’Italia could be the
last time he rides competitively for a
while. The result of his anti-doping
case is expected some time between
the finish of this race on 21 May and
the start of the Tour de France in July.
But while the Team Sky principal,
Dave Brailsford, wore a battle-weary
look on another bruising day for
his operation, the top rider breezed
through his questions in Jerusalem
seemingly carefree and confident.
“For me [I’m only] thinking about
winning this race,” Froome said of the
Giro d’Italia, which starts tomorrow.
“I’m not thinking about July. I’m thinking about giving my absolute best for
the next few weeks and the aim is to be
on the top step when we reach Rome.”
Before it even reaches Italy the Giro
will have to confront myriad controversies, from the decision to hold the
start in Israel, to the spectre of a visiting Lance Armstrong, banned from
contesting official cycling events but
recording a podcast in the shadows.
Then there is Froome, the favourite,
attempting to be the first rider since
Bernard Hinault to hold all three
grand tour titles at the same time and
possessing a remarkable ability to
compartmentalise.
He is contesting a failed drug test
at last year’s Vuelta a España, where a
urine sample indicated twice the permitted level of the asthma medication
salbutamol in his system but to witness his relaxed manner, you would
not realise it. “I need to demonstrate
that I’ve done nothing wrong and
that’s what I intend to do,” he said. “It’s
not something I’m going to give a running commentary on, and when there
is something new we’ll talk about it.”
David Lappartient, the president of
the UCI, world cycling’s governing body,
as well as several high-profile riders,
have expressed misgivings that Froome
Get a move on, says Vegni
The Giro d’Italia race director
has called for a swift conclusion
to Chris Froome’s anti-doping
case, claiming it is taking too long
for cycling’s governing body to
reach a verdict. Mauro Vegni,
speaking in Jerusalem before the
race begins tomorrow, claimed he
had no regrets about inviting the
four-times Tour de France winner
to compete but added: “The timing
of justice takes too long and this
doesn’t allow any rider to race
their best.” Froome is appealing
against an adverse test at the 2017
Vuelta a España : a urine sample
indicated twice the allowed level
of the asthma drug salbutamol in
his system. Martha Kelner
▲ Chris Froome: ‘I need to demonstrate
that I’ve done nothing wrong’
continues to compete, already doing so
three times this year. There is no doubt
his presence has once more overshadowed the race. Apart from a few questions, one planted by the Israeli tourist
board, the discussion was dominated by
the fog of doubt over Team Sky.
It was the first time Brailsford had
held court since a damning report by
government’s department of culture,
media and sport select committee
(DCMS) suggested Team Sky abused
the system to allow the administration of performance-enhancing drugs.
Coming after the mystery Jiffy bag
delivery to Bradley Wiggins in 2011,
Brailsford admits he has considered his
position at the top of a team created on
an ethos of total transparency and zero
tolerance for drugs. But he resolved to
remain. “Anybody in this game considers their position every day,” he said.
“I’m constantly asking if I’m the right
man. I think that regardless of the
DCMS or anything else, there’s a constant sense of self-questioning about
whether I’m appropriately placed or
do I have the right skills. Some things
come and go, the situation and context around you changes, but I’m here
because I think I can help these guys be
the best they can be.”
Froome and Team Sky are being
paid a reported €1.4m in appearance
fees by Giro d’Italia organisers and
have the opportunity to make history,
so their motivations are manifold. But
Brailsford refused to answer whether
he would sack Froome should he be
suspended for an anti-doping rule violation. “That’s not a question for now,”
he said. “We have to respect the race.”
But for all the team who want to keep
the focus on the main event, that is the
uncomfortable situation they are in.
The organisers have also been
accused of “sport-washing” by
allowing the start to be held in Israel.
Critics claim it is an attempt to divert
attention from the killing and maiming
of Palestinians on the Gaza Strip.
Kate Allen, Amnesty International
UK’s director, said: “The Jerusalem
launch inevitably means Israel’s dismal human rights record is going to be
in the spotlight. The authorities may
have thought that the glitz of the Giro
might have a sportswash effect, removing some of the stain. Instead, it’s likely
to bring it back into focus yet again.”
Deignan: Women are
still long way behind
in cycling despite
Yorkshire prize parity
Tour de Yorkshire to pay both
sexes equally, but Otley rider
says major hurdles
les remain
Helen Pidd
Cycling is still a sexist sport, the world
champion Lizzie Deignan has said,
as she questioned why the Tour de
Yorkshire this week offers women a
two-day course while the men race
over four days.
The 29-year-old, who won silver
at the London Olympics under her
maiden name, Armitstead, won the
second edition of the fledgling race last
year. She will not be contesting her title
after announcing she is due to have a
baby in September with her husband,
the Team Sky rider Philip Deignan.
She will be commentating on the
race instead and is frustrated that
the female peloton receives so much
less support than its male equivalent.
Talking to the Guardian on a bike ride
from her parents’ home in Otley, which
will greet the Tour de Yorkshire tomorrow and Sunday, Deignan welcomed
the race paying both sexes equally –
the overall male winner will receive
€6,120 (£5,381), the same as his female
counterpart, despite racing double the
days. But she suggested prize parity
was less important than giving women
equal opportunities and, crucially,
TV exposure.
“Don’t get me wrong, the fact that
we have a huge prize pot is great and
it’s great that it’s the same as the men,
but I would prefer to get to race for four
days,” she said. Asked if cycling was
still sexist, Deignan said: “Yes. We are
still fighting for more races, we are
still fighting for more coverage, more
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:43 Edition Date:180503 Edition:01 Zone:
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cYanmaGentaYellowbl
•
Thursday 3 May 2018 The Guardian
43
▼ Lizzie Deignan takes a break during
a cycle near her home town of Otley
CHRISTOPHER THOMOND/THE GUARDIAN
‘We are still
fighting for more
races, coverage,
budget, sponsors’
Lizzie Deignan
London 2012 silver medallist
budget, more sponsors. We are still
till a
long way behind the men.”
Boels-Dolmans, Deignan’s Dutch
utch
squad, has the biggest budget off any
women’s cycling team, but it is dwarfed
arfed
by the coffers of her husband’s team.
eam.
“We have three full-time members
bers
of staff. Sky have 120,” she said. “The
men are all paid a minimum wage
ge off
€60,000 (£52,773). There are women
men
in our peloton who are paid €200
(£176) a month.”
Deignan had a “mixed” response
onse
when announcing her pregnancy.
ncy.
Boels-Dolmans were “a little bit surprised”, she said. She did not tell them
hem
she was trying to conceive and
d hid
debilitating morning sickness from
them for the first 12 weeks when
n she
couldn’t ride her bike “and couldn’t
ldn’t
even look at a vegetable”.
She insists she did not time the baby
to coincide with the tail end of the
e racing season but said her husband had
agreed he was not riding the world
orld
championships in Austria at the end
of September.
Glory: sealing
victory in the 2017
Tour de Yorkshire
After obsessing over her weight
for the best part of 15 years she says
it has been odd seeing her belly grow
and put on 5kg in the first 12 weeks of
pregnancy. “As a cyclist I used to allow
myself to be hungry in the run-up to
a meal because I had to be lean and
unfortunately that means you do have
to have hours of hunger, as long as you
are eating well at meals. I never allow
myself to be hungry now,” she said.
She has reduced the intensity of
her training, riding for 12-15 hours a
week instead of 20, and never allows
her heart rate to go over 140 BPM – not
a problem, it must be said, when spinning the wheels and chatting easily as
the Guardian panted to keep up with
her on the Yorkshire roads yesterday.
Only two other riders in the professional peloton are mothers, including
Martina Bastinelli, the 2007 world
road race champion, who still rides
for Alé Cipollini. There is more of a
precedent on the track, where Laura
Kenny returned this year after maternity leave, and in the world of time
trials – the three-times Olympic gold
medallist Kristin Armstrong has a son,
who watched her win in Rio in 2016.
Sarah Storey, 29 times a Paralympic
world champion, has two children.
Deignan is on the lookout for a new
team, having announced she plans to
contest the 2019 world road race championships in Yorkshire, which go right
up the road behind her parents’ house.
She also has her sights set on the 2020
Tokyo Olympics.
She is nervous at the prospect of
leaving her baby to race. “But having
looked at it I still think I’ll have more
time to spend with my baby than I
would if I was doing a normal 9-5 job.
I’ll train for four hours and have the
rest of the day with the baby and have
a month off in October. Philip will be
very hands-on and once I’ve done the
physical aspect of growing the baby it
will be very much a partnership.”
Stephen Park, the new performance
director of British Cycling, said last
year that creating a female Team
Sky was a “real aspiration”. Deignan
said she would be interested if it ever
became a reality, but that the rigid
structure of Team Sky wouldn’t suit
her. It is too “Big Brother”, she said.
She likes her autonomy and being her
own coach. “Philip is very much a cog
in a system,” she said of her husband’s
position in Sky.
For much of last year Deignan was
not sure she wanted to ride a bike any
more at all after a tough buildup to the
Rio Olympics when she missed three
drugs tests — only avoiding a suspension when successfully appealing
one test. “I don’t think I will ever be
totally over it,” she admitted yesterday. “It was a pretty horrendous thing
to go through. I’m pleased now I have
a break from cycling and reflect on
what it is that drives me in the sport
because for a year after Rio I felt pretty
miserable on my bike. It’s nice to have
time away from it to enjoy it again. Last
year I really struggled ... I was thinking
why am I putting myself forward to be
abused by people for riding a bike?”
With no team salary coming in any
more and no maternity pay, statutory
or otherwise – Deignan lives in Monaco
and only pays taxes on money earned
in this country so does not qualify
for UK benefits – she relies on her
sponsors. She has recently become
an ambassador for Cycleplan, an
insurance company specialising in
protection for cyclists. She says she
does not always feel safe riding in the
UK and suffers a near miss “every other
time I go out”.
When retirement comes she has
vowed to do something “less selfish”
than cycling. “Cycling is a very selfish
pursuit and I would like to feel like I’m
doing something more worthwhile,”
she said, saying it would involve
“pushing for equality in sport”.
She will not start her own team
because she is fed up of being on the
road so much. Perhaps British Cycling
will give her a job, she mused: “Maybe
I’ll be the new Dave Brailsford.”
Q&A
The inside track
on the Tour
de Yorkshire
What is the Tour de Yorkshire?
A legacy of the 2014 Tour de
France start, it has also provided
a launchpad for the county’s
successful bid to host next year’s
world road race championships.
It enjoys strong community
involvement – villages on the route
are easy to spot all year round thanks
to a wealth of decoration – and
draws huge crowds, with 2.5 million
expected on the roadsides.
What is the format?
The men start in Beverley today and
finish in Leeds on Sunday after stage
finishes in Doncaster, Ilkley and
Scarborough. The women’s event is
today and tomorrow over two almost
identical courses, meaning fans can
watch one race then return in a few
hours for the second event.
Who is there to see?
There are 18 British teams across
the two events. The women’s race
is headlined by Dani Rowe, Katie
Archibald and Hannah Barnes, with
Elisa Longo-Borghini, Chantal Blaak
and Kirsten Wild among other big
names. Mark Cavendish returns
from injury for the men’s race, which
also includes the Olympic champion
Greg Van Avermaet.
What are the key stages?
After a flat stage one, the women’s
race is set to be decided on the slopes
of the Cow and Calf, above Ilkley,
which gives tomorrow a short, steep
uphill finish. That climb will provide
an initial pecking order in the men’s
race, which then has a rolling finish
into Scarborough followed by a
brutal final leg into Leeds with six
rated climbs. This stage is usually
decisive.
Is it on television?
ITV4 will show the women’s and
men’s events in their entirety. It is an
armchair viewer’s dream although
the commentators, Ned Boulting
and David Millar, could well be a bit
hoarse by Sunday. Luckily they have
the assistance of last year’s women’s
race winner Lizzie Deignan,
currently expecting her first child.
The Guardian will have daily reports.
William Fotheringham
▲ The peloton winds its way through
Pateley Bridge during the 2016 race
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:44 Edition Date:180503 Edition:03 Zone:
Sent at 2/5/2018 22:55
The Guardian Thursday 3 May 2018
•••
44
Sport
Athletics
Olympic 1500m champion
Kiprop ‘tests positive’ for EPO
Kenyan 1500m star believes
there is an error with his 2017
out-of-competition sample
Sean Ingle
Asbel Kiprop, a three-times world
and Olympic 1500m gold medallist, is
understood to have tested positive for
the banned blood-boosting drug EPO.
It is understood that Kiprop believes
there is an error with his sample and
he is fighting his case. The sample was
taken in an out-of-competition test
late in 2017.
The Athletics Integrity Unit, which
processes all doping tests in track
and field, is unable to confirm the
cYanmaGentaYellowbl
result of any tests under the World
Anti-Doping code.
Kiprop said last night: “I have read
the reports linking me to doping. As
an athlete, I have been at the forefront
of the fight against doping in Kenya, a
fight I strongly believe in and support.
“I would not want to ruin all what
I have worked for since my first international race in 2007. I hope I can
prove that I am a clean athlete in every
way possible.”
Kiprop’s agent, Frederico Rosa,
told the Guardian he had “heard the
rumours as well” but did not have
any other information. “I need to wait
when I know the real story,” he said.
There have been rumours that a
major Kenyan star had failed a drug
test inside the sport for some time
and yesterday the Kenyan newspa-
per the Standard quoted “impeccable sources” which had suggested
an unnamed athlete has tested positive for the performance-enhancing
drug erythropoietin, which boosts
the production of red blood cells
and encourages more oxygen flow in
the body.
If it is confirmed that the 28-year-old
has failed a drug test it would be a huge
blow to Kenyan athletics.
Kiprop is one of the biggest names
in Kenyan sport, having won three
world titles in 2011, 2013 and 2015 as
well as Olympic gold in 2008. Originally he was beaten in that race by
the Bahraini Rashid Ramzi but was
upgraded when Ramzi tested positive
for a performance-enhancing drug.
In 2013 Kiprop was involved in
a serious car accident when he lost
control on a sharp turn and crashed.
According to reports at the time, the
wrecked car was approximately a
ff
metre away from rolling off a cliff
but the vehicle was stopped by a rock
which was locked underneath the car.
Last month the Guardian revealed
that Ruth Jebet, the reigning Olympic
Asbel Kiprop says
he hopes to ‘prove
I am a clean athlete’
Tennis
Wimbledon must do
right by Williams
All England club should seed
the seven-time champion
or risk being seen to punish
a player for having a baby
Kevin Mitchell
T
here are a few good
reasons Wimbledon
should break with
precedent and offer a
player ranked 449 in the
world a seeding at this
year’s championships. The overriding
one is the fact that the player has won
the tournament seven times and is
called Serena Williams.
Given the state of flux in the
women’s game, the finest women’s
player of the modern era might well
be the best player in the 2018 draw –
certainly nobody in the top 32 would
relish playing her in the first round
if she came at them from outside
the seedings.
That said, her comeback at 36
years of age has yet to pick up pace
in four matches since she stepped
gingerly back on the tour this
year after a difficult childbirth in
September. She is still reaching for
full fitness after early defeats in
Indian Wells and Miami, so things
could get messy before the opening
day at Wimbledon on 2 July.
Although Williams has almost
slipped from view in the rankings
after her long absence in 2017, as the
owner of 23 slam titles the former
world No 1 has a protected ranking to
get into the majors. However, when
asked on Tuesday if this would be
good enough for her to be placed into
the top 32, the All England Club was
momentarily wrong-footed.
It said, correctly, that the wording
of the rule book was vague and
ambiguous. The men’s seedings
were fixed according to the top32 rankings of the ATP Tour –
which deprives Andy Murray of a
discretionary seeding on his return
– but there was no mention of 32 in
provisions for the women’s draw.
It took a phonecall to the WTA
headquarters in Florida to open the
door: Wimbledon did indeed have
the discretion to offer Williams a
precious seeding, and they issued a
quick clarification to that effect.
The ball, in every way, is in
their court. The odds are it will do
the right thing. It usually does. If
there is one instinct that drives the
administration and stewardship of
the championships it is probity. Now
the quiet powerhouse of tennis has
been lumbered with a problem not
of its own making but definitely in
its gift to solve. It will be a test of its
class and wisdom when the seedings
committee meets on 26 June. The
other reasons? Natural justice,
locker-room sympathy and the good
▲ Serena Williams has struggled
so far on court since her return
3,000m steeplechase champion and
world record holder, had also tested
positive for EPO.
The 21-year-old Jebet was born and
trains in Kenya but controversially
switched allegiances to run for Bahrain
after being approached as a 16-year-old
and promised a full scholarship to take
an animal health degree in the country.
More than 40 Kenyan athletes
have tested positive for doping over
the past five years and in 2015 Kenya
was deemed “non-compliant” by the
World Anti-Doping Agency only to be
reinstated before the Rio Olympics.
However, many athletes have suggested not enough is done to test athletes training in the country. The Canadian runner Reid Coolsaet said in 2016:
“Kenyan-style anti-doping test. Notify
us the night before. One-hour drive to
test site at 5am. Many Olympic medallists in house. It was an IAAF accredited test. Procedures are far from what
I’m used to in Canada.”
In 2013 another high-profile
Kenyan, Mathew Kisorio, said he took
illegal drugs “because everyone told
me, I wasn’t the only one”.
of the game. As Williams pointed
out this week, it seems unfair to
deny the privilege of a seeding to
great players who have been away to
have a baby.
The players, largely, are behind
her. After Williams went out early at
Indian Wells the world No 1, Simona
Halep, said the American should
have been seeded No 1 in the draw,
and the Miami tournament director,
James Blake, agreed that leaving
her out of the seedings looked like
“punishment” for being a mother.
The counter argument to giving
Williams preferential treatment
is that other players have slogged
away on the tour to make the top 32
at the home of tennis, and one of
them will have to be bounced. Well,
that precarious outer territory of the
seedings exists anyway. Williams,
the most decorated player of the
Open era, has earned her right to be
regarded as special.
There is also, of course, the
seeming unfairness of the two-times
champion and home favourite
Murray possibly having to play
Roger Federer in the first round in
his comeback slam. However, it is
unlikely he will complain. He lost
his coach, Amélie Mauresmo, in May
2016 when she said she could not
juggle motherhood and coaching,
among other things. But Murray,
who has championed equality in
the game more than any other male
player, won Wimbledon that year,
not to mention taking Olympic gold
and reaching No 1 in the world.
Last year Maria Sharapova
spared the All England Club the
embarrassment of offering her a
wildcard by refusing to request one
when returning from a 15-month
absence after failing a drug test. She
ultimately postponed her return
to the big time until the US Open,
where she played four matches
on the tournament’s Arthur Ashe
showcourt, the clearest possible
signal that Sharapova was its go-to
star of the fortnight.
If it was good enough for the
Russian to be given a red carpet in
New York, it is good enough for the
American to get the same welcome
at Wimbledon.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:45 Edition Date:180503 Edition:03 Zone:
Thursday 3 May 2018 The Guardian
Sent at 3/5/2018 0:16
cYanmaGentaYellowbla
•••
Sport
45
▼ Justin Langer succeeds
Darren Lehmann after
signing a four-year deal
DAVID WOODLEY/GETTY IMAGES
Cricket
Racing
Langer takes over as
Australia head coach
Torcedor offers
Harrington hope
of glory on Flat
Mark Dobson
Australia’s attempt at repairing their
battered public image began last night
when they turned to their former Test
opener Justin Langer to be their new
head coach.
The 47-year-old was confirmed
as the man to take over from Darren
Lehmann who resigned following
the ball-tampering scandal in South
Africa. Cricket Australia said that
Langer will coach the side in all three
formats and will begin his challenge
on 22 May. He has signed a four-year
contract, a period which will include
two Ashes series, a World Cup and the
World Twenty20 tournament.
Lehmann stood down as coach
in the days after the ball-tampering
affair during the third Test in Cape
Town which also engulfed the captain
Steve Smith and vice-captain David
Warner. Both players were banned for
12 months by Cricket Australia and sent
home from the tour in disgrace while
the batsman Cameron Bancroft was
suspended for nine months.
James Sutherland, Cricket Australia’s beleaguered chief executive,
was at pains to point out the new head
coach was the clear choice with strong
“values”. “Justin was the clear standout, particularly based on his recent
Rugby union
Vunipola’s leg
injury a blow
for England’s
summer plans
Robert Kitson
Billy Vunipola’s hopes of an injury-free
end to the season have suffered another
setback after the Saracens No 8 pulled
up with a hamstring problem at
training yesterday, having only just
returned to action after a broken arm
ruled him out of the Six Nations.
England, who are due to name their
tour squad for South Africa next week,
now face another uncomfortable wait
to discover whether Vunipola will be
at full bore for the three-Test series.
There could also be implications for
▼ Billy Vunipola only recently made
his return after breaking his arm
coaching and player development
achievements,” said Sutherland. “Justin’s work ethic, leadership and values
are among his strongest attributes,
and he is widely respected across the
global cricket community.”
Langer referred indirectly to the
ball-tampering episode which has
stained the sport in Australia and has
led to widespread criticism of the culture within the team setup.
“There will be some significant
challenges ahead for our group, but
there is a wealth of talent in Australian cricket that I know will do us all
proud,” Langer said in a statement.
“I’m thoroughly looking forward to
working with all players, as we strive
for a successful men’s team across all
formats, with the support and respect
of the Australian public.”
Langer represented Australia
in 105 Test matches over nearly 20
years, scoring 7,500 runs, including
23 centuries. As a coach, he has been
in charge of Western Australia state
and the Perth Scorchers T20 team since
November 2012.
He was considered the most
likely replacement after Lehmann
announced at an emotional media
conference in Johannesburg that he
would resign as a result of the Cape
Town incident, in which sandpaper
was used on the field in an attempt to
alter the condition of the ball.
Saracens’ title push although the director of rugby, Mark McCall, remains
hopeful the latest problem could yet
turn out to be a minor inconvenience.
“Billy just felt some tightness,”
McCall said. “It is not pulled or anything, he was just being sensible. He
has looked great in training, looked
good against London Irish and trained
well with us on Tuesday.
“The common sense thing to do was
to pull out of the session, which he did.
We would not play him if we thought
that he would pull a hamstring.” The
club have a two-week break before
their Aviva Premiership semi-final
against either Wasps or Newcastle on
19 May.
Including his 20-minute contribution off the bench against Irish on
Sunday, Vunipola has played only 249
minutes of rugby all season.
The 25-year-old, who has had to
battle his way back from shoulder
and knee injuries, has not played for
England for more than a year and was
also forced to pull out of the British
& Irish Lions tour to New Zealand
last summer. But McCall has dismissed
any notion of the club advising the
player not to tour South Africa.
Manu Tuilagi is finding it similarly
hard to stay fit for long enough to
merit an international recall and Dylan
Hartley, Courtney Lawes, George
Kruis, Nathan Hughes and Jonathan
Joseph are already out of the trip this
summer. Bath are also recommending
that the flanker Sam Underhill stay
at home and losing the services of
Vunipola would further test England’s
back-row depth.
Greg Wood
Ascot
Rugby union
Sale dismiss reported interest in
signing sacked Ulster trial pair
Robert Kitson
Sale’s owners have dismissed talk of
the club signing Paddy Jackson and
Stuart Olding, the two Irish internationals sacked by Ulster last month.
Sale had reportedly been considering
employing at least one of the pair.
In a statement last night the club
insisted there was “no substance to
the rumours currently circulating
in relation to the signing of the two
international rugby players Paddy
Stuart Olding
(left) and Paddy
Jackson were
cleared of rape
Jackson and Stuart Olding”. It added
“our search continues for top-class
players for next season”.
Sale have previously denied recruitment stories that have turned out to be
true, as happened before the arrival of
James O’Connor and Faf de Klerk last
year, but this time it would seem the
board is wary of alienating fans and
sponsors. Initially the club indicated
they had no plans to say anything publicly on the issue until this weekend
before hastily changing their stance
after a Facebook petition.
It leaves the playing futures of
Jackson and Olding up in the air,
despite their acquittals in March for
rape after a nine-week trial at Belfast
crown court. A series of sexually
explicit WhatsApp conversations
between the players and their friends
led to the pair’s Ulster contracts being
revoked last month. Jackson has been
capped 25 times for Ireland. Olding
played four times for his country.
Italian rugby is mourning the death
of Rebecca Braglia, an 18-year-old
player with the Amatori Parma club.
She had been in intensive care after a
match in Ravenna on Sunday where
she was tackled and apparently hit the
back of her neck on the ground. “Now
she’s playing in the championship in
Heaven,” her father, Giuliano, said.
Jessica Harrington will always be
most closely associated with jumping
horses but the 2017 Cheltenham
Gold Cup-winning trainer will have
a realistic chance to claim one of the
Flat’s most historic races next month,
after Torcedor’s five-length win in the
Sagaro Stakes yesterday took his price
for Ascot’s Gold Cup to around 14-1.
Torcedor had something to prove
after finishing last of 16 in the Dubai
Gold Cup at Meydan in March. Colm
O’Donoghue enjoyed a soft lead from
his five rivals until the home turn,
but there was real purpose in the way
Torcedor strode clear of Time To Study
and Desert Skyline, the Doncaster Cup
winner last year, in the straight.
Vincent O’Brien, who won the last
of three Cheltenham Gold Cups with
Cottage Rake in 1950 and then saddled
Gladness to win the Ascot Gold Cup
eight years later, is the only trainer to
have won both races. To complete the
same double for Harrington, Torcedor
will need to improve on his form in
last year’s Ascot Gold Cup, when he
was nearly 10 lengths behind the winner, Big Orange, but he has still had
only seven starts for the stable and his
chance would also improve if there
was some ease in the ground.
“I’m not sure what happened [in
Dubai], Niall Amond, representing
Torcedor’s trainer, said. “I’d say it
could have been the travelling, but he
just disappointed and it’s good to see
him back in that form in the space of
four or five weeks from Dubai.
“It was a very impressive run.
Colm said he quickened twice really
and when he went for him he just
powered away.”
Invincible Army also has a date at the
Royal meeting after showing a useful
turn of foot to win the Pavilion Stakes
by a length and a half. James’s Tate
three-year-old is now a single-figure
price with several bookmakers to
win the Group One Commonwealth
six-furlong trip on 22 June.
Invincible Army gave Ryan Moore
his first Ascot winner of 2018 after an
inauspicious start to his day when The
Irish Rover, the 1-7 favourite for the
first race, reared in the stalls and lost
several lengths.
Greg Wood’s tips
Lingfield 2.00 Paddy A 2.30 Angelina D’Or
3.00 What A Party 3.30 Captain Lars
4.00 Insurgence (nb) 4.30 Belated Breath
5.00 Mac O’Polo
Redcar 2.10 Tarrzan 2.40 Queen Penn
3.10 Robsdelight 3.40 Poet’s Prince 4.10 Al Khan
4.40 Canadian George 5.10 Plansina
Southwell 2.20 Go On Gal 2.50 Serenity Now
3.20 Victory Wave 3.50 Monks Stand
4.20 Best Tamayuz 4.50 Indian Tinker 5.20 Samtu
Musselburgh 5.40 Dawoodi 6.10 Amadeus
6.40 Soldier’s Minute 7.10 Artful Rogue
7.40 Carpet Time 8.10 Harbour Patrol
8.40 Elite Icon
Chelmsford City 5.50 Pocket Dynamo
6.20 Reveleon 6.50 Prabeni 7.20 Pearl Spectre 7.50
Gold Filigree (nap) 8.20 Highly Focused
8.50 Jeremiah
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:46 Edition Date:180503 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 2/5/2018 19:15
The Guardian Thursday 3 May 2018
•
46
Sport
Football
‘I’ve hardly
kicked a ball
since I finished,
and I’ve got no
craving to’
You don’t just flick a switch – you
need to learn a lot again. There are
no shortcuts as I see it.”
Looking back at his playing
career, Lampard says that “my
biggest talent was my work ethic and
dedication”. He spent most of those
years primarily focused on himself,
on the constant betterment of Frank
Lampard. He is conscious, however,
that such a mindset cannot survive
in management.
His favourite coaches as a player,
and the ones he wants to emulate,
were those best at relating to the
different characters in their team,
and identifying for each one the
best approach. “As a player you can
be pretty selfish,” he says. “As a
manager it’s the complete opposite
of that. I’m really interested in the
idea of trying to man-manage a
group as well as I possibly could.
There’s not one rule for everyone.
I love to find out about how other
managers have tackled these things.
That’s where the magic is.”
S
Frank Lampard
Former midfielder feels
he gave everything he
could as a player and
was relieved to retire,
but is now ready to
nagement
move into management
Simon Burnton
I
t is easy to imagine that
the end of a footballer’s
career comes as a massive,
debilitating shock, suddenly
depriving the player not
just of their livelihood but
also of routine, friendship, fitness
and excitement. A little over a
year since that moment came for
Frank Lampard, he looks at it a
little differently. There have been
times, he says, when the sudden
change in his life has “smacked me
in the face”, but more commonly he
has appreciated the release of the
pressure accumulated over 21 years
at the top of the game. As he plots
his return to the sport as a manager,
however, he is aware that it is only
likely to be temporary.
“I didn’t make all the right
decisions in my career, far from
it, but when I got to the end I felt
I’d given it my full whack,” he
says. “When you can think: ‘I put
everything on the table and that’s
my lot,’ I think you have been quite
successful. That’s probably what
drove me on as a player for quite a
long while – I wanted to make sure
I took every ounce out of the game
and got the most out of myself.
“And then it becomes like a relief,
when you feel that the work’s done
and it wasn’t too bad. I didn’t have
too many failures, and I actually
did some pretty good stuff. I’m very
content with that. I’ve hardly kicked
a ball since I finished, and I’ve got no
craving to. I do other things now.”
Lampard won four FA Cups, three
league titles, two League Cups and
the Champions League and Europa
League once each, as well as winning
cYanmaGentaYellowbl
▲ Frank Lampard starts his Pro
Licence course this year but has not set
a time frame on becoming a manager
Portrait by
Tom Jenkins
for the Guardian
106 England caps in an international
career that stretched for only a few
months short of 15 years. “When
you’re at a big club, there isn’t much
breathing space,” he says. “You’re
continuously trying to win things,
to perform to the best of your ability,
and it can be quite tiring. I’ll be
honest, at the end of my career I was
ready to move on. In terms of the
intense pressure I put on myself for
that period of time, I felt ready. I’m
asked a lot now: ‘Are you missing
football?’ And I’m actually not. I sit
here pretty happy with my lot.
“When you’re playing you get
looked after, you have people
around you who completely put you
out of the real world, and then the
real world hits you smack in the face
when you finish. But I was fortunate
in that the transition hasn’t been a
problem for me. I needed the pause,
I really did. I needed the lack of
structure in my life for a while. It
was a necessity for me to get away.
’As a player you
can be pretty
selfish. As a
manager it’s the
complete opposite’
It’s been a year and a half, almost,
and now I have the hunger. So it’ll
come when it comes, if the right
opportunity comes for me.”
Lampard has remained involved
with football, swapping the pitch
for punditry while he works on his
coaching qualifications – he starts
the Pro Licence course in September
– and puts what he is learning into
practice at Chelsea’s academy. “I’ve
picked up a lot in this year, working
in the media, travelling around” he
says. “You have to do it properly. I
don’t just roll up and go: ‘That was a
good game.’ You have to look at the
players, the tactics.
“That’s why I’m not setting a time
limit on the move into management.
ince retirement Lampard
has filled what gaps
have appeared in his life
with travel, leisure and
family. There have been
no suddenly discovered
hobbies or interests, no trips to
the golf course. He lives his life
according to the principles that
drove him throughout his playing
career. He has spoken before about
his faith, and how it helped him
through the death of his mother, a
decade ago last week. He describes
himself as a “not completely
practising” Christian, but his beliefs
inform everything he does.
“I go about my life in terms of,
I try to do everything right. And
when I say right, I mean with the
right intentions,” he says. “So when
I work, I work as hard as I can; when
I have people around me I try to
respect those people. Of course you
make mistakes. But as I go through
life if I feel like I’m doing it right then
hopefully things will come good.
“What you put in is what you get
out. I think that in modern society
– and I’m not preaching here, far
from it – we do forget the basics, in
terms of manners and respect for the
people around you. I got brought up
with those things, particularly from
my mum, so I try to replicate them
as much as I can, and pass them on
to my daughters. I certainly don’t
feel that I approach life now the
way I did when I was 20. You learn
a million things along the road, and
I’m learning more now. But I do treat
people as I want to be treated myself,
and I try to take that around with
me.”
Perhaps that is why, for all
the time he spent identifying his
weaknesses as a footballer and
laboriously improving them, for all
the caps, trophies and goals, when
that time came to an end what he
wanted people to remember was
something entirely different. “What
I would have loved at the end of my
career,” he says, “was for someone to
just say: ‘He was a good team-mate.’
Not just on the pitch but also as a
friend, as a buffer, as a person.”
For more on the ‘Game Changing fans
- The 12th Player in every Premier
League team’ report, follow Barclays
Football on Facebook and Twitter
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:47 Edition Date:180503 Edition:03 Zone:
Thursday 3 May 2018 The Guardian
Sent at 2/5/2018 23:19
cYanmaGentaYellowbl
•••
Sport
Football Europa League
47
▼ Diego Costa takes centre stage
in Atlético Madrid’s preparations
PIERRE-PHILIPPE MARCOU/AFP/GETTY IMAGES
Results
Football
UEFA CHAMPIONS LEAGUE
Semi-final: Second leg
Roma
(1) 4
Milner 16og, Dzeko 52
Nainggolan 87 90pen
Liverpool
(2) 2
Mané 9, Wijnaldum 26
61,889
(agg 6-7)
VANARAMA NATIONAL LEAGUE
Play-offs: First round Aldershot 1 Ebbsfleet Utd 1 (aet,
Ebbsfleet win 5-4 on pens)
VANARAMA NATIONAL LEAGUE NORTH
Play-offs: First round Kidderminster 0 Bradford PA 2;
Stockport County 0 Chorley 1
VANARAMA NATIONAL LEAGUE SOUTH
Play-offs: First round Hampton & Richmond 3 Truro City 1
(aet); Hemel Hempstead 0 Braintree 0 (aet, Braintree win
3-2 on pens)
EVO-STIK SOUTHERN LEAGUE
Premier Division play-offs: Semi-finals King’s Lynn 3
Weymouth 0; Slough Town 3 Kettering 1
LADBROKES SCOTTISH CHAMPIONSHIP
Semi-finals: First leg Alloa 2 Raith 0; Arbroath 1
Dumbarton 2
LADBROKES SCOTTISH LEAGUE ONE
Semi-final: First leg Stirling Albion 0 Peterhead 1
PRESS & JOURNAL HIGHLAND LEAGUE
Fort William 3 Keith 3
FERRARI PACKAGING LOWLAND LEAGUE
Selkirk 1 Civil Service Strollers 1; Vale of Leithen 4
Cumbernauld Colts 4; Whitehill Welfare 1 BSC Glasgow 2
FA WOMEN’S SUPER LEAGUE TWO
Tottenham 1 Millwall 1
Cricket
INDIAN PREMIER LEAGUE
Delhi Daredevils 196-6 (RR Pant 69, SS Iyer 50); Rajasthan
Royals 146-5. Delhi won by four runs (DLS method).
Tennis
Wenger channels the spirit
of 2006 in bid to stun Atlético
Repeat of manager’s greatest
European night required
to reach the final in Lyon
y
David Hytner
Madrid
Arsène Wenger went back to Madrid –
in his own mind – when he was asked
last week to reveal his most memorable European result with Arsenal. It
came in February 2006, the manager
said, in the Champions League last-16
first leg, when his team outplayed a
Real Madrid line-up that featured Zinedine Zidane, Roberto Carlos and the
Brazilian Ronaldo to win 1-0.
Thierry Henry scored the goal and it
was the first time that an English side
had beaten Real on their own ground.
Arsenal completed the job with a 0-0
draw at Highbury and they advanced
to the final, where they lost 2-1 to Barcelona – the greatest regret of Wenger’s
near 22-year tenure.
The Frenchman’s critics will note
that it says a good deal about him
that he has to retreat so far to find an
authentic moment of greatness. It is
one of the reasons why his time at the
club is almost up. But what the Arsenal manager would give for a repeat
of the scoreline tonight in a different
part of the Spanish capital; the delight
of upsetting the odds.
Before the second leg of the Europa
League semi-final against Atlético
Madrid – the first match finished 1-1 – it
is clear that Wenger will need a similarly thrusting performance and if his
team do prevail, the result would be
comparable with the one against Real.
It would also stand the test of time
because Diego Simeone’s Atlético side
are such a fiendish proposition, even if
the manager is banned from the touchline after his sending-off in the first leg.
Arsenal have to score tonight but their
opponents have conceded only nine in
26 matches in all competitions at the
Wanda Metropolitano, where they
moved this season. They have also
kept clean sheets in the previous 11
home games.
At the other end Antoine Griezmann
and the fit-again Diego Costa, who has
previous for tormenting Arsenal, will
be licking their lips in anticipation
of getting at Wenger’s error-prone
defence. “In history Costa has shown
he can make differences,” Wenger said,
with one of those rueful half-smiles.
Arsenal’s fragility has been a talking point and it has been exemplified
by their away form in 2018. They have
lost seven and drawn one of their eight
domestic away games, including an FA
Cup third-round tie at Nottingham Forest, although they have roused themselves on their Europa League travels.
They have to show overdue steel here.
Wenger wants no more regrets and
it will be a defining occasion on several levels. The 68-year-old’s desire
to bow out from Arsenal with the first
European trophy of his career is a compelling storyline and he offered the
juiciest soundbite when he warmed to
the theme. “I want to finish this love
story well,” he said.
Yet the club, who do actually predate Wenger, are hardly well-stocked
with European honours. They have
only two – the 1970 Inter-Cities Fairs
Cup and the 1994 Cup Winners’ Cup.
Above all, it is a huge opportunity for
them and that is before a potential
Champions League qualification place
is considered.
Were Arsenal to triumph against
Marseille or Red Bull Salzburg in the
Lyon final on 16 May, they would
return to Europe’s elite competition.
“The next game is always the most
important in life and this one influ-
Atlético Madrid (1)
Arsenal (1)
8.05pm
Semi-final second leg
•
Oblak
•
Giménez
•
Partey
•
•
Saúl
Koke
•
Griezmann
•
Mkhitaryan
•
Wilshere
•
Monreal
•
Godín
•
Gabi
•
Vitolo
•
Costa
•
Lacazette
•
Xhaka
•
Koscielny
•
Lucas
•
Özil
•
Ramsey
•
•
Bellerín
Mustafi
•
Ospina
Venue Estadio Metropolitano. TV BT Sport 2
Referee Gianluca Rocchi (Italy)
ences the future of my club,” Wenger
said. “The future of Arsenal is not
exactly the same if we qualify for the
Champions League or not. That’s why
it’s a very, very big game for us.”
Wenger has made it plain that he
is not yet ready to retire; he will seek
another job in management and it
sounded a little pointed when he
insisted, “I don’t feel too much my
age”.
One of the sub-plots puts him in
the managerial shop window, not to
mention the desire this fighter has to
prove that, perhaps, Arsenal would
have been better off to keep him. What
of the players? Some of them, surely,
are playing for their futures at the club.
Wenger admitted to a mixture of
nerves and excitement. There was
still the same buzz, he said, that had
accompanied the first games of his
long Arsenal tenure. “There is uncertainly [about the result] and that creates a tension,” he added. “You can
always discover new things in football.
Every game is a new adventure. That’s
why the excitement is the same.”
How his players balance the requirements of the tie will be fundamental.
“We know exactly what we need to do
and that is an advantage,” he added.
“We need to score and to have a clear
approach in our heads. The only thing
we don’t know is will Atlético do the
same or have a more cautious approach
and try to catch us on the break? Atlético’s history [of clean sheets at home]
has to stop somewhere. We created
chances in the first leg and we have to
recreate those situations.”
What Wenger most wants is to recreate is the feeling from Madrid 2006.
This is his first return to the city with
Arsenal for what will be his 250th European match; he sits second on the alltime list behind Sir Alex Ferguson. “We
come to a place with a good history for
us,” the Frenchman added. “We came
here with a very young team and beat
Real Madrid, who had fantastic names.
I will try to repeat that.”
TP BMW OPEN (Munich)
Second round: M Klizan (Svk) bt M Basic (Bos) 4-6 6-3
7-5; J-L Struff (Ger) bt Y Maden (Ger) 6-3 3-6 6-3; Chung
Hyeon (Kor) bt M Bachinger (Ger) 6-1 6-1; A Zverev (Ger)
bt Y Hanfmann (Ger) 6-7 (12) 6-4 6-2.
ATP MILLENNIUM ESTORIL OPEN (Portugal)
Second round: F Tiafoe (US) bt G Muller (Lux) 6-4 7-5;
K Edmund (GB) bt A de Minaur (Aus) 6-2 7-5.
ATP TEB BNP PARIBAS ISTANBUL OPEN (Turkey)
Second round: L Djere (Ser) bt A Seppi (It) 6-3 6-7 (4) 6-3;
T Daniel (Jpn) bt A Bedene (Svn) 6-2 6-2; R Dutra Silva
(Br) bt V Troicki (Ser) 6-2 6-3; P Lorenzi (It) bt M Trungelliti
(Arg) 6-2 7-6 (5).
WTA GRAND PRIX DE SAR (Rabat, Morocco)
Second round: S Errani (It) bt J Larsson (Swe) 6-3 6-0;
A Krunic (Ser) bt S Sorribes Tormo (Sp) 6-3 6-1;
A Tomljanovic (Aus) bt K Flipkens (Bel) 6-3 6-2; E Mertens
(Bel) bt L Siegemund (Ger) 6-7 (5) 6-0 3-1 ret.
WTA J&T BANKA PRAGUE OPEN (Czech Republic)
Second round: P Kvitova (Cz) bt N Vikhlyantseva (Rus) 6-3
6-1; C Giorgi (It) bt T Korpatsch (Ger) 6-4 6-2;
M Buzarnescu (Rom) bt A Lottner (Ger) 6-0 7-6 (7);
K Siniakova (Cz) bt E Alexandrova (Rus) 6-4 3-6 6-3;
Zhang Shuai (Chn) bt E-G Ruse (Rom) 6-4 6-4; J Paolini
(It) bt AK Schmiedlova (Svk) 6-4 6-1; S Stosur (Aus) bt
D Allertova (Cz) 6-4 6-4.
Snooker
BETFRED WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP (Sheffield)
Quarter-finals: B Hawkins (Eng) bt Ding Junhui (Chn)
13-5; K Wilson (Eng) bt M Allen (NI) 13-6; M Williams
(Wal) bt A Carter (Eng) 13-8; J Higgins (Sco) bt J Trump
(Eng) 13-12.
Baseball
MAJOR LEAGUE
Arizona 4 LA Dodgers 3; Boston 6 Kansas City 7 (13);
Chicago Cubs 1 Colorado 3; Cincinnati 6 Milwaukee 7;
Cleveland 6 Texas 8 (12); Detroit 2 Tampa Bay 1; Houston 0
NY Yankees 4; LA Angels 3 Baltimore 2; Miami 2 Philadelphia
1 (10); Minnesota 4 Toronto 7 (10); NY Mets 2 Atlanta 3;
San Francisco 2 San Diego 3; Seattle 6 Oakland 3; St Louis 3
Chicago White Sox 2; Washington 12 Pittsburgh 4.
Basketball
NBA PLAY-OFFS
Western Conference: Semi-finals Golden State 121 New
Orleans 116 (Golden State lead best-of-seven series 2-0).
Eastern Conference: Semi-finals Toronto 112 Cleveland
113 (OT) (Cleveland lead series 1-0).
Ice hockey
NHL PLAY-OFFS
Eastern Conference: Semi-finals Pittsburgh 3 Washington
4 (Washington lead best-of-seven series 2-1).
Western Conference: Semi-finals Winnipeg 7 Nashville 4
(Winnipeg lead series 2-1).
Fixtures
Football (7.45pm unless stated)
Uefa Europa League
Semi-finals: Second leg Atlético Madrid (1) v Arsenal (1)
(8.05pm); Red Bull Salzburg (0) v Marseille (2) (8.05pm)
Vanarama National League
Play-offs: First round Boreham Wood v AFC Fylde (7pm)
Bostik League
Premier Division play-off: Semi-finals Dulwich v Leiston;
Hendon v Folkestone Invicta (7.30pm)
FA Women’s Super League
Bristol City v Manchester City (7pm)
Rugby league
Betfred Super League
St Helens v Catalans Dragons (7.45pm)
Cricket
Specsavers County Championship
Division Two (first day of four, 11am)
Edgbaston Warwickshire v Derbyshire
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:48 Edition Date:180503 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 2/5/2018 21:43
The Guardian Thursday 3 May 2018
•
48
cYanmaGentaYellowbl
Sport
Football Champions League
GENYA SAVILOV/
EUROFOOTBALL/
GETTY IMAGES
The stage is set
Liverpool v Real Madrid,
26 May
Kiev’s imposing Olympic
Stadium will host the final,
six years after England were
knocked out of Euro 2012
there by Italy on penalties.
With a 63,000 capacity it is
the second largest ground in
eastern Europe, after Moscow’s
81,000-seat Luzhnikji Stadium.
The women’s Champions
League final, Wolfsburg versus
Lyon, will be held two days
earlier at the nearby Valeriy
Lobanovskyi Stadium,
home of Dynamo Kyiv.
The story so far:
Liverpool’s
record against
Real Madrid
goal for the club. Liverpool went on
to face their Premier League rivals
Chelsea in the quarter-finals, losing
7-5 on aggregate.
Liverpool Reina, Arbeloa, Skrtel, Carragher,
Aurélio, Alonso (Lucas 60), Mascherano, Kuyt,
Gerrard (Spearing 74), Babel, Torres (Dossena 83).
Real Madrid Casillas, Ramos, Cannavaro (Van
der Vaart 64), Pepe, Heinze, Robben (Marcelo
46), L Diarra, Gago (Guti 77), Sneijder, Raúl,
Higuaín.
Referee Frank De Bleeckere (Belgium).
Attendance 42,550.
22 Oct 2014
Liverpool 0 Real Madrid 3
Champions League Group B
Victorious in 1977 and 1978, this
was Liverpool’s third European
Cup final. With Kenny Dalglish
having had little game time, Real
were troubled by the fitness of
their English forward Laurie
Cunningham, who was effectively
marked out of the game. Bob
Paisley’s side dominated possession
at the Parc des Princes, played with
width and kept the Madrid keeper
Augustín Rodríguez busy all night.
The breakthrough came in the
82nd minute when Alan Kennedy
surged up the left, beat the Real
No 2 Rafael García Cortés and fired
a left-footed shot past Rodríguez.
Liverpool held on and Paisley
became the first manager to win
three European Cups. David
Lacey’s report in the Guardian
stated: “In truth Liverpool always
seemed the more likely winners
and victory came after they had
walked through not so much a
storm as a series of squally showers
of the type that Parisians had been
avoiding all day.”
Liverpool Clemence; Neal, Thompson,
Hansen, A Kennedy, Lee, McDermott, Souness,
R Kennedy, Johnson, Dalglish (Case).
ALLSPORT UK
27 May 1981
Real Madrid 0 Liverpool 1
European Cup final
▲ Souness, Dalglish and Hansen hold aloft the European Cup in 1981
Real Madrid Augustín; Cortés (Pineda), Sabido,
Navajas, Camacho, Del Bosque, Angel, Stielike,
Juanito, Santillana, Cunningham.
Referee K Paloti (Hungary).
Attendance 84,000.
25 Feb 2009
Real Madrid 0 Liverpool 1
Champions League last 16
With eight minutes of the last-16
first leg remaining at the Bernabéu,
Yossi Benayoun, who started in
the absence of Steven Gerrard, on
the bench with hamstring trouble,
headed Fábio Aurélio’s free-kick
beyond Iker Casillas. Rafael Benítez
– under immense pressure following
a damaging draw against Manchester
City – claimed his first victory against
his boyhood club as a manager.
Real Madrid Casillas, Ramos, Pepe, Cannavaro,
Heinze, Robben, Gago, L Diarra, Marcelo (Guti
46), Higuaín, Raúl.
Liverpool Reina, Arbeloa, Skrtel, Carragher,
Aurélio, Benayoun, Alonso, Mascherano, Riera
(Gerrard 88), Torres (Babel 61), Kuyt (Lucas 90).
Referee Roberto Rosetti (Italy).
Attendance 85,000.
10 Mar 2009
Liverpool 4 Real Madrid 0
Champions League last 16
The second leg at Anfield further
ground down Juande Ramos’s
team, a 4-0 drubbing with Gerrard
and Fernando Torres cast as
tormentors-in-chief. Torres
launched Liverpool’s win by turning
in Dirk Kuyt’s cross from close range
after 16 minutes. Twelve minutes
later, Gerrard converted from the
penalty spot after Gabriel Heinze’s
handball. Then came Gerrard again,
belting home the third from Ryan
Babel’s cross two minutes after
half-time. Real’s humbling was
completed with two minutes left
by Andrea Dossena, scoring his first
The tables were well and truly
turned five years on as Cristiano
Ronaldo was Liverpool’s assassin,
scoring his 70th goal in the
Champions League as Carlo
Ancelotti’s Real scored three
first-half goals at Anfield, the other
two supplied by Karim Benzema.
Such was the imperiousness of
the former Manchester United
player’s performance that he was
applauded from the pitch when
substituted. This was the first time
Liverpool had conceded three goals
in the opening 45 minutes of a
European game since the Miracle of
Istanbul final against Milan in 2005.
The Liverpool manager Brendan
Rodgers’s foul night was further
compounded when Mario Balotelli
misjudged the mood and decided
to swap shirts with Pepe at the
interval. “You can see Real’s quality,”
Rodgers lamented afterwards.
“Speed, technique; you can see why
they are champions.”
Liverpool Mignolet, Johnson, Lovren, Moreno,
Skrtel, Gerrard, Coutinho, Henderson. Allen,
Sterling, Balotelli.
Real Madrid Casillas, Varane, Pepe, Marcelo,
Arbeloa, Kroos, Rodríguez, Modric, Isco,
Ronaldo, Benzema.
Referee Nicola Rizzoli (Italy).
Attendance 43,521.
4 Nov 2014
Real Madrid 1 Liverpool 0
Champions League Group B
And so to the return match in
Madrid, and again Benzema did the
damage, clipping a Marcelo cross
high into the net from close range
in the 27th minute. Rodgers had
made seven changes to the team
who had lost against Newcastle in
the Premier League at the weekend:
Steven Gerrard, Coutinho, Raheem
Sterling, Jordan Henderson and
Mario Balotelli were all on the bench
and Liverpool failed to muster a shot
in the first half to Real’s 13. “I knew
what I was doing with the selection
and it was a good performance,”
said Rodgers. Real advanced to the
semi-finals, but were undone 3-2 on
aggregate by Juventus.
Real Madrid Casillas, Arbeloa (Nacho 83),
Varane, Ramos, Marcelo, Rodríguez (Bale 62),
Modric, Kroos, Isco, Benzema (Hernández 87),
Ronaldo.
Liverpool Mignolet, Manquillo, Skrtel, Touré,
Moreno, Can (Coutinho 75), Lucas (Gerrard 69),
Allen, Markovic (Sterling 69), Borini, Lallana.
Referee Viktor Kassai (Hungary).
Attendance 79,283.
▲ Karim Benzema celebrates scoring
for Real at the Bernabéu in 2014
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:49 Edition Date:180503 Edition:01 Zone:
Thursday 3 May 2018 The Guardian
Sent at 2/5/2018 21:57
cYanmaGentaYellowbl
•
Sport
Football Champions League
49
Verdict
Barney Ronay Stadio Olimpico
Klopp opts to twist
and comes up trumps
to complete his
long march to Kiev
R
eally, it was never in
doubt. At the end of
a sweaty, boisterous,
agreeably open night
in Rome, Liverpool’s
long march continues.
From Hoffenheim in August,
through Spain, Russia, Slovenia,
Portugal and Manchester.
And followed now by the long
march east to Kiev and the
Soviet-scale stage of another,
even more oppressively huge,
Olympic Stadium.
Rome was its usual beautiful,
muggy, flaneurial self before
kick-off, despite the large police
presence on the streets. On the
bridges across the Tiber, Roma
fans lounged carelessly. The
problem here has always been the
gangster-wannabe minority rather
than any large-scale intimidation
and here, happily, there was time
and space to enjoy the city’s sallow
beauty, with the Olympic stadium
a surprisingly fragrant, wooded
kind of place even on a day of
high alert.
Not that Liverpool’s hopes
of progress on the pitch were
ever really in peril, despite a 4-2
defeat on the night by a spirited
Roma team.
Jürgen Klopp was faced with a
teaser here. To stick or twist: with
Klopp there is only one way really.
This is a man whose best football
comes in power chords and
face-melting solos. As expected
Liverpool did break quickly and
in numbers in the first half, a
decent rehearsal for what they
might expect to achieve against
Real Madrid, who at their best like
▲ Cengiz Ünder of Roma grimaces
after his effort comes to nothing
to press you deep into your own
penalty area these days.
It seemed fitting that Liverpool
should be called upon to defend
for long periods. And that their
young attacking full-backs, an
understated influence in the current
storming run, should come to the
fore. Trent Alexander-Arnold had a
difficult game at times, something
that will have been noted hungrily
by those ruthless white-shirted
opponents to come.
On the other flank Andy
Robertson was magnificent at times,
such a fine, physically relentless
modern full-back. The moment
that effectively killed the tie after
25 minutes was
largely his work.
With the score
1-1 and Roma
still just about
daring to believe
Robertson sprinted
out wide to keep
the ball in by the
touchline and then
drove on, skating
outside Alessandro
Florenzi in
thrilling fashion,
a wonderful moment of adventure
and brio on a night like this. From
the corner Georginio Wijnaldum
headed in after some calamitous
Roma defending.
Earlier Sadio Mané had given
Liverpool the lead from another of
those familiar breaks, three or four
players sprinting together, chest to
chest, like an early heat in the men’s
60-metres dash.
They were helped in this case by
Radja Nainggolan giving the ball
straight to Roberto Firmino 40 yards
from goal. Don’t do that. Don’t give
the ball to Roberto Firmino 40 yards
from goal. We know how this ends
by now.
Firmino sharked his way forward,
held the ball just the right amount
of time, and with one or two partial
guests in the press box already
screaming for him to slip it to his
right, duly slipped it to his right.
Mané’s run was perfectly timed, the
finish easy.
After which there were alarms
along the way, as there were on
Tuesday night to a far greater degree
for Real Madrid, albeit against more
powerful opponents than Roma.
But given the challenge that awaits
With Klopp there is
only one way really.
This is a man whose
best football comes
in power chords and
face-melting solos
this felt like an excellent moment
for Robertson show his class at
left-back, where he has perhaps
been the best in the Premier League
in the second half of the season.
Plus, of course, there is just
something about Liverpool, Europe
and a surging full-back. It was in
this stadium that Phil Neal scored
the opener from right-back against
these same opponents in the 1984
European Cup final. Three years
earlier the left-back Alan Kennedy
had also scored the winner in the
Paris final against Real Madrid,
surging through a similar channel to
the one taken by Robertson here.
Alexander-Arnold had a more
difficult night. He was pressed
hard by Roma, a pattern that has
been repeated often, and usually
without reward, since that sticky
moment at Old Trafford. This was
to be expected again opponents of
this class. “Incubo Rosso” was the
headline in the Corriere dello Sport,
a reference to Roma’s evisceration
by Liverpool’s furiously physical
attacking style in the first leg, and
an imprecation to their own fans to
create an atmosphere to match the
exultations of Anfield.
This is a beautiful flying saucer
of a stadium, with a huge oval of
powder blue evening sky looming in
above the green, and as the players
lined up a wonderful choral wall of
noise, a performance in itself from a
full-house stadium.
In those opening moments Roma
had pressed hard, often looking
to play diagonal balls in behind
Alexander-Arnold, who scurried
and hustled and just about hung in
▲ Roberto Firmino, provider of
Liverpool’s first goal on the night,
brings the ball under control
STEVE PASTON/PA
there. Towards half-time he had
the presence of mind to pull his leg
away from Stephen El Shaarawy’s
attempted dive. He might have
given away a penalty around the
hour mark for hand ball.
Alexander-Arnold has the will
and the athleticism to improve
his defensive cover. As he will
have to ahead of Kiev, where
Cristiano Ronaldo and Marcelo
will as ever team up on that side.
Alexander-Arnold might need a
little more help than he gets at
times from Mo Salah.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:50 Edition Date:180503 Edition:03 Zone:
Sent at 3/5/2018 0:23
cYanmaGentaYellowbla
The Guardian Thursday 3 May 2018
•••
Sport
Football Champions League
50
26’
Rising to
the big
occasion
Georginio
Wijnaldum
(fifth from
left) heads
home
Liverpool’s
second after a
corner
ROBBIE JAY
BARRET/AMA/
GETTY IMAGES
Liverpool weather storm in Rome to
seal classic showdown with Real
Roma
4
Milner 16og, Dzeko 52, Nainggolan 87 90pen
Liverpool
2
Mané 9, Wijnaldum 26
Liverpool win 7-6 on agg
Possession
Roma
58%
Liverpool
42%
Shots on target
6
6
Total attempts
20
8
Daniel Taylor
or
Stadio Olimpico
co
Is it too presumptuous, when Liverpool have conjured up so many thrilling occasions en route to the Champions League final, to believe they
might just have the attacking riches
to prevent Real Madrid, the most
successful team in the history of the
European Cup, from registering a 13th
triumph? The final will be on 26 May in
Kiev and Liverpool, on this evidence,
will be heading to Ukraine to score
goals, live dangerously and examine
the theory that Madrid can be susceptible at the back.
Evidently, Jürgen Klopp’s team
will need to tighten up their own
defence, eliminate the mistakes that
briefly threatened a late meltdown
and cling to the hope their goalkeeper, Loris Karius, avoids one of his
more accident-prone performances.
Attacking-wise, though, it is certainly
within their reach to ensure another
year, 2018, is added to all those banners on the Kop – many of them visible here in Rome – acclaiming their
previous wins in 1977, 78, 81, 84 and
2005. Klopp’s team have now accumulated 46 goals, qualifiers included,
in this competition and Sadio Mané,
Mohamed Salah and Roberto Firmino
have 31 of them. True, they will need to
find a way to subdue Cristiano Ronaldo
et al but if there is one certainty about
this Liverpool side it is that they will
attack with vigour and confidence.
That approach was too much
ultimately for Roma and, though
it was a night of high drama, it was
only in the final exchanges that
Radja Nainggolan’s two goals meant
Liverpool’s aggregate lead was down
to one. Even then Roma did not
actually manage another touch after
Nainggolan’s stoppage-time penalty
had made it 4-2. The game kicked
off again, the final whistle sounded
straight away and Klopp was charging
on to the pitch to bearhug his players,
one by one, starting with James Milner.
There were wonderful scenes as
the players celebrated in front of the
corner where Liverpool’s supporters
were going through their victory
songs. There was even a team photograph which featured a touching
tribute to Sean Cox, the Liverpool
supporter so badly hurt last week.
Despite the defeat, it felt like we were
witnessing a group of players who
had come of age. Barcelona, lest it
be forgotten, had buckled under the
pressure here, blowing a 4-1 first-leg
lead in the quarter-finals. The score
might suggest Liverpool almost did
the same and, granted, it was closer
than Klopp must have imagined after
the first-half goals from Mané and
Georginio Wijnaldum. In truth, it was
never really in doubt that it would be
Liverpool in the final. That does not
mean Klopp can be entirely happy
with their performance bearing in
mind the three second-half goals they
conceded, the eccentric goalkeeping
from Karius for Roma’s third goal and
the two occasions in the same period
when Serie A’s third-placed team
should have been awarded a penalty.
Roma gave everything.
Anfield was special for the first leg.
Stadio Olimpico, a seething, whistling
pit of bias, somehow managed to make
even more of a racket. Of all the places
Liverpool have been in this competition, all the stories they have accumulated over the years, have they ever
experienced such a febrile din?
That, however, was probably the
most impressive part of Liverpool’s
performance: their fearlessness.
Roma’s record of having not conceded
a single home goal in this competition – some achievement when their
opponents have included Barcelona,
Chelsea and Atlético Madrid – was
gone within eight minutes. Liverpool
began the game like a team in a hurry,
not showing a flicker of apprehension,
and had strong penalty claims of their
own because of two Kostas Manolas
challenges either side of Mané’s goal.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:51 Edition Date:180503 Edition:03 Zone:
Thursday 3 May 2018 The Guardian
Sent at 3/5/2018 0:23
cYanmaGentaYellowbla
•••
Victory
tribute
to injured
supporter
51
Liverpool
players
celebrate with
a banner in
support of
the critically
injured fan
Sean Cox
Player ratings
MATT MCNULTY/
JMP/REX/
SHUTTERSTOCK
Alisson
Could not be faulted
for the goals but
less convincing than
Karius with handling
and command 6
Alessandro Florenzi
Deserves credit for
providing an outlet
down the right while
dealing with Mané
and Robertson 7 •
Kostas Manolas
Alert to several
dangerous situations
but exposed by team’s
wayward passing
and adventure 8 •
Federico Fazio
Sharp in the tackle
and cleverly restricted
Salah’s chance to cut
in on his left foot.
Distribution poor 7
Aleksandar Kolarov
Remains a potent
threat with left-foot
deliveries but also
continues to offer
little protection 6
Lorenzo Pellegrini
Brought energy and
better balance to
the Italian club’s
midfield before fading
Replaced 6
Daniele De Rossi
Always willing to
take the ball under
pressure and threaded
the odd telling pass
but again overrun 7
Radja Nainggolan
Awful pass to Firmino
effectively killed
Roma’s hopes but he
never hid and scored
two late goals 7
Roma
4-3-3
29
Goals scored by
Mané/Salah/
Firmino in the
Champions
League this
season. The
previous best by
a trio was 28 by
Real’s Ronaldo/
Bale/Benzema
in 2013-14
Patrik Schick
Improved Roma’s
attack instantly at
Anfield but did not
have same impact as
Van Dijk dominated 6
▲ Edin Dzeko
Worked tirelessly but
his efforts, along with
his eighth goal of the
campaign, always
looked in vain 8
Stephan El Shaarawy
A constant menace on
the left but needed
more composure in
front of goal to truly
trouble Liverpool 7
Substitutes
Cengiz Ünder for Pellegrini 53; Maxime Gonalons for
De Rossi 69; Mirko Antonucci for El Shaarawy 75.
Liverpool
4-3-3
Even when Milner’s freakish own
goal offered Roma new hope, there
was not a single part of the first half
when Liverpool started playing with
more restraint. Another side might
have tried to draw the sting out of the
game. Liverpool refused to sit back and
it was typical that the corner for their
second goal originated from a surging run by their outstanding left-back,
Andy Robertson. Roma could not clear
Milner’s corner and when Edin Dzeko
▲ Edin Dzeko slams home
Roma’s second goal to draw
the home side level
ALBERTO LINGRIA/REUTERS
Five wins and counting Liverpool’s record in finals
Liverpool have reached their
eighth European Cup/Champions
League final, and are aiming for
their sixth win. The story so far:
1976-77 A 3-1 win over Borussia
Mönchengladbach in Rome; goals
from McDermott, Smith and Neal.
1983-84 A 4-2 victory on penalties
after a 1-1 draw with Roma. Kennedy
hits the winning spot-kick in Rome.
1984–85 Despite the unfolding
horror of the Heysel disaster, the
final goes ahead: Juventus win 1-0.
1977-78 Watched by 92,000 at
Wembley, a Dalglish goal set up by
Souness beats Club Brugge 1-0.
2004-05 The Miracle of Istanbul. A
3-0 Milan lead becomes 3-3 and the
Italians are beaten 3-2 on penalties,
with Polish keeper Dudek the hero.
1980-81 A late Alan Kennedy strike
is enough to beat Real Madrid 1-0
at the Parc des Princes in Paris.
2006-07 Milan’s revenge: a 2-1
victory in Athens. Kuyt’s strike
comes too late to save the game.
inadvertently headed the ball the
wrong way, under pressure from Virgil
van Dijk, it was too good an opportunity for Wijnaldum to pass up.
Roma kept attacking, desperately
trying to change the complexion of
the evening, but they were in need
of a football miracle and Liverpool
had shown with the opening goal
how devastating they could be on the
break. Roma were vulnerable as soon
as Nainggolan played the ball straight
to Firmino. Mané was running to the
Brazilian’s left, Salah was going the
other way, and there were only three
defenders back. Mané took a touch to
control Firmino’s pass and fired past
Alisson, Roma’s goalkeeper.
Perhaps the second half would have
been more hazardous for Liverpool if
Stephan El Shaarawy’s 35th-minute
shot had crept in rather than coming back off the post. Again Milner
was involved, with the shot taking a
hefty deflection off the midfielder.
This time, however, Milner’s luck was
in – in stark contrast to the freakish
set of events, a quarter of an hour in,
when Dejan Lovren tried to hack away
El Shaarawy’s knockdown only for the
ball to thud against Milner’s head and
zigzag into the net.
Roma began the second half know-
ing they needed four goals, with
none in reply, just to take the game
to extra-time. At least they had a go.
Dzeko had a splendid game, barring
the mistake for Wijnaldum’s goal, and
made it 2-2 when Karius turned a shot
into his path. Dzeko should also have
been awarded a penalty two minutes
earlier when he went down under
Karius’s challenge and Liverpool got
away with another one when Trent
Alexander-Arnold used his hand to
block El Shaarawy’s shot.
Karius was caught out for Nainggolan’s first goal and the penalty was
for an alleged handball by the substitute Ragnar Klavan. The damage was
superficial and, half an hour after the
final whistle, Klopp came out again,
pumping his fists and screaming with
joy in front of 5,000 euphoric fans.
Roma
4-3-3
Allison; Florenzi•,
Manolas•, Fazio,
Kolarov; Pellegrini
(Ünder 53), De Rossi
(Gonalons 69),
Nainggolan; Schick,
Dzeko, El Shaarawy
(Antonucci 75)
Subs not used
Skorupski, Jesus, Peres,
Gerson
Liverpool
4-3-3
Karius; Alexander-Arnold
(Clyne 90), Van Dijk,
Lovren•, Robertson•;
Wijnaldum, Henderson,
Milner; Salah, Firmino
(Solanke• 87), Mané
(Klavan 83)
Subs not used
Mignolet, Moreno, Ings,
Woodburn
Referee Damir Skomina (Slovenia) Attendance 61,889
Loris Karius
Commanded area well
against Roma crosses
but could have done
better for second and
third goals 6
Trent
Alexander-Arnold
Another mature
display but remains
vulnerable to ball over
his shoulder 7
Dejan Lovren
Unlucky with the
equaliser and harshly
booked but dealt well
with the threat from
Dzeko and Schick 7 •
▼ Virgil van Dijk
Utterly dominant
against Schick and his
power paid dividends
in the Roma box for
Wijnaldum’s goal 8
Andy Robertson
No let-up against
Florenzi but energy
and pace limited the
danger. Supported
Mané superbly 8 •
Georginio
Wijnaldum
Always available,
taking responsibility
and scored the header
that deflated Roma 8
Jordan Henderson
Passing not always at
its sharpest but strong
in the challenge and
a valuable shield at
times to his defence 7
James Milner
A ridiculous own goal
could not disrupt
another authoritative
display. Relentless
work rate 8
Mohamed Salah
Jeered and clattered
regularly on his return
to Rome but linked
Liverpool’s attack
throughout 7
Roberto Firmino
Showed why he got
a new deal. There
was an inevitability
when he pounced on
Nainggolan’s error 8
Sadio Mané
Eased visiting nerves
with a precise early
finish. Pace and
awareness unnerved
Roma all night 8
Substitutes
Ragnar Klavan for Mané 83; Dominic Solanke• for
Firmino 87; Nathaniel Clyne for Alexander-Arnold 90.
Andy Hunter Stadio Olimpico
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:52 Edition Date:180503 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 2/5/2018 21:46
cYanmaGentaYellowbl
•
The Guardian
Thursday 3 May 2018
Sports newspaper of the year
Match report
Daniel Taylor
Page 50
Roma
4
Milner 16og,
Dzeko 52,
Nainggolan 87
90pen
Liverpool
2
Mané 9,
Wijnaldum 26
Liverpool win 7-6 on aggregate
Bring on Real
Liverpool survive Roma
comeback to make final
Barney Ronay ‘A sweaty, boisterous, open night
in Rome … and Liverpool’s long march continues’
Page 49 ▲ Sadio Mané fires
Liverpool ahead in Rome
ALBERTO LINGRIA/REUTERS
Jürgen Klopp
endured tense
moments … but
Liverpool did it
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