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The Times 1 May 2018

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daily newspaper of the year
Tuesday May 1 2018 | thetimes.co.uk | No 72523
2G
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Body&Soul
Discriminate against job applicants from Eton, says Tory
Rosemary Bennett Education Editor
Companies should discriminate against
job applicants from Eton because their
grades are ?not as impressive? as those
achieved by candidates from struggling
state schools, a former Conservative
education secretary has said.
Justine Greening urged employers to
take a candidate?s background into
account during recruitment to boost
social mobility. At a meeting in New
York, she said that applying ?contextual
recruitment? was a far better predictor
of potential than grades alone.
?Contextual recruitment basically
says when you?re looking at someone?s
grades who?s applied for a job . . . look at
them in the context of the school they
went to. You can easily do this, there?s
Javid to end
hostile era
for illegal
immigrants
software to help you as a company,? Ms
Greening said. ?So if you get three Bs
from Eton, you?re probably not as impressive as somebody who gets three Bs
from the school in a part of the country
where the school [wasn?t] doing well.?
She added that contextual recruitment would allow employers to ?stop
fishing in a talent puddle and start fishing in a talent pool?, according to TES.
Eton College, which charges fees of
more than �,000 a year, sends dozens
of pupils to top universities and has educated 19 British prime ministers, most
recently David Cameron. Ms Greening
went to a comprehensive in Yorkshire.
She quit the cabinet in January after
clashing with Theresa May over a
review into university tuition fees and
support for grammar schools. Research
PETE MACLAINE/I-IMAGES
Thousands of
rail travellers
forced to take
bus instead
times investigation
Graeme Paton Transport Correspondent
New home secretary promises policy overhaul
Francis Elliott Political Editor
Oliver Wright Policy Editor
Sajid Javid has warned the Home Office
to expect an overhaul after the Windrush scandal as he ditches the policy of
creating a ?hostile environment? for
illegal immigrants and seeks to break
free from Theresa May?s legacy.
Mr Javid, who replaced Amber Rudd
as home secretary yesterday, opened
the door to the return of appeals and
legal aid for those facing deportation.
The first non-white holder of a great
office of state said that he would do
?whatever I can? to rectify the treatment of Caribbean-born Britons
caught up in a clampdown started by
Mrs May when she was home secretary.
Ms Rudd, 54, was forced to resign on
Sunday night after misleading parliament over targets for removing illegal
migrants and failing to stem a string of
leaks about her department.
Allies of Mr Javid, 48, told The Times
that he would ?consider the Home
Office?s structures? as well as reviewing
individual policies in coming weeks
amid recriminations over who was to
blame for Ms Rudd?s demise.
Appearing in front of MPs yesterday,
Mr Javid told Diane Abbott, the shadow
home secretary, that she did not have a
monopoly on anger over the scandal.
Ms Abbott had earlier refused eight
times during a TV interview to spell out
Labour?s position on deportations.
Invited by the Tory MP Nick Boles to
scrap Mrs May?s ?legacy policies? as
home secretary, Mr Javid pledged to
put his own stamp on immigration after
Brexit. He disowned threats used by
Mrs May and others to create a hostile
environment for illegal migrants, saying only that he would seek to ensure a
?compliant environment?.
?I don?t like the phrase ?hostile? so I
think the terminology is incorrect. I
think it is a phrase that is unhelpful and
it does not represent our values as a
country,? he told MPs. Asked by Karen
Buck, a Labour MP, whether he would
look at reinstating legal aid for most
immigration cases, which was removed
in 2013, Mr Javid replied that she
?makes an important point? and pointed to a review being conducted by
David Gauke, the justice secretary.
Mr Javid defended removing illegal
migrants, however, as the Tories tried
to turn the tide on an issue that threatened to implicate the prime minister.
Mrs May admitted that targets for
the removal of illegal migrants had
operated during her six years at the
Home Office. ?When I was home secretary, yes, there were targets in terms of
removing people from the country who
were here illegally,? she told ITV News.
?This is important. If you talk to members of the public, they want to be reassured that we are dealing with people
who are here illegally.?
The prime minister insisted that she
had not known whether the targets
Continued on page 6, col 1
showed that disadvantaged applicants
were 50 per cent more likely to be hired
after contextual recruitment than
otherwise, Ms Greening added.
Julie Robinson, general secretary of
the Independent Schools Council,
pointed out that going to a particular
school type was not in itself an indicator
of socio-economic advantage.
Eton declined to comment.
Sajid Javid adopted the Tory ?power pose? popularised by George Osborne for
his first appearance at the Home Office since replacing Amber Rudd yesterday
The number of train passengers forced
to endure rail replacement bus services
has reached its highest level in at least
a decade, The Times has learnt.
New figures show that weekend
timetables are heavily disrupted by
engineering work, with more than a
fifth of trains failing to run as planned
on Saturdays and Sundays over the past
year. Network Rail admitted that 22 per
cent of weekend timetables were
ditched, against a target of 10 per cent.
Buses were used for an average of
17,050 hours a month over 12 months
compared with 10,500 a month at the
start of the decade, data from Network
Rail shows.
The government insists that the network is undergoing its biggest modernisation since the Victorian era, with
� billion of work planned between
2014 and 2019 and a further �.9 billion
in the following five years.
However, the passenger watchdog
accused the government and rail bosses
of failing to be straight about the impact
of rail upgrades. Transport Focus
acknowledged that the work was necessary but said that its passenger surveys had shown a ?significant decline?
in satisfaction with weekend services
over the past year. It came as an investigation by this newspaper found that:
6 Train companies are in effect profiting from delays, receiving at least
�0 million more from Network Rail
for disruption than they passed on to
passengers over five years.
6 Delays are among the worst they
have been in 12 years, with the equivalent of more than 2,900 services a day
failing to reach their final stop on time.
6 The number of passengers using the
railways dropped by nearly 1 per cent in
the last three months of last year, the
biggest fall in almost a decade, amid
concerns over congestion and prices.
The rise in rail replacement bus
services coincides with an increase in
engineering work and huge projects
Continued on page 2, col 3
2
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Tuesday May 1 2018 | the times
News
T O D AY ? S E D I T I O N
May?s tactics like Oily fish staves
Hitler, says peer off menopause
Nobel literature
prize faces axe
A Liberal Democrat
peer likened Theresa
May?s treatment of
parliament to Hitler?s
actions in the 1930s as
the government
suffered another defeat
on its Brexit bill. Page 4
The Nobel prize for
literature could be
abandoned this year or
?rolled over? into 2019
after a third of the
committee resigned
over a sexual assault
scandal. Page 11
Eating oily fish such as
salmon or mackerel
every day may delay
the menopause by
several years. A study
also found that red
meat could have a
similar effect. Page 10
COMMENT
The TSB fiasco shows we are in the hands
of companies we have no choice but to trust
HUGO RIFKIND, PAGE 23
Netanyahu: Iran
is lying to world
Investors back
Sainsbury deal
Klopp splits
from coach
Binyamin Netanyahu,
the Israeli prime
minister, has revealed
on live television what
he said were archives
of Tehran?s secret
atomic weapons
programme. Page 26
Shareholders in
J Sainsbury have
backed the retailer?s
merger with Asda.
Shares in Sainsbury?s
closed up 15 per cent
after details of the deal
were revealed. Page 33
J黵gen Klopp?s trusted
assistant Zeljko Buvac
has stepped down from
first-team duties as
Liverpool prepare for
the second leg of their
Champions League
semi-final. Page 64
COMMENT 21
LETTERS 24
LEADING ARTICLES 25
WORLD 26
BUSINESS 33
REGISTER 49
SPORT 54
CROSSWORD 64
TV & RADIO TIMES2
FOLLOW US
thetimes
timesandsundaytimes
DINNER
TONIGHT
Pappa al pomodoro
My nephew in concert
at LSO St Luke?s, a
restored Hawksmoor
church near the
Barbican, was the
excuse for family lunch
at the Eagle on
Farringdon Road. It?s
ages since I?d been but
I can report it is
blessedly unchanged.
The bifana steak
sandwich was as
amazing as ever but
pappa al pomodoro
was the dish I made
the next day. It?s an
ambrosial soup from
Tuscany. A peasant
dish made with
yesterday?s bread and
tomatoes with flavour;
from the Isle of Wight
or Italy are the best
bet at the moment.
Serves 4 Prep 20 min
Cook 20 min
Ingredients: 900g
decent tomatoes;
2 garlic cloves; 200g
day-old sourdough
bread; 3 tbsp olive oil;
10 basil leaves; 600ml
light chicken or
vegetable stock
To serve: extra-virgin
olive oil; basil leaves;
chunk Parmesan
Place tomatoes in a
bowl and cover with
thetimes
boiling water. Count to
40, drain, cut out the
core, swipe away skin
and coarsely chop.
Chop then pound the
garlic to a paste with
� tsp salt. Chop the
bread into small
chunks; I didn?t remove
the crust. Heat the
olive oil in a pan that
can hold all the
ingredients and gently
saut� the garlic
without browning. Add
tomatoes, basil and
bread, then gradually
add the stock, stirring
as it begins to
resemble porridge.
Taste and season with
salt and pepper. Serve
with a swirl of your
best olive oil, torn basil
leaves and freshly
grated Parmesan.
Lindsey Bareham
Black people are four times
more likely to be sectioned
Chris Smyth Health Editor
People from ethnic minorities are four
times more likely to be detained under
mental health law, which must be
changed to stop widespread indignities,
a government review has found.
Detention rates are up by almost
50 per cent in a decade because of a lack
of provision for care in the community
and pressure on beds that means doctors have to section people to get them
treated, according to the report by Sir
Simon Wessely, former president of the
Royal College of Psychiatrists.
Theresa May said in her speech to the
Conservative Party conference last
year that the ?stigma and injustice? of
mental health was a priority, and she
asked Sir Simon to review mental
health law.
?Detention rates under the Mental
Health Act are too high,? she said. ?And
it is people from black and minority
ethnic populations who are affected the
most.?
The act, passed in 1983, allows people
to be detained for treatment if two doctors and an approved mental health
professional agree. Sir Simon?s interim
report, published today, says that being
sectioned often saves severely ill people
from suicide, but ?all too frequently we
have heard about practices and procedures which fell short of respecting
[patients?] dignity?.
He points to NHS Digital figures
showing that people with an African
and Caribbean background are much
more likely to be sectioned. The report
says that the reasons include differences in diagnosis and severity of illness;
experiences of deprivation and discrimination; historical legacies of slavery and migration; differences in social
and family support; public and professional perceptions about risk; the impact of recreational substance use; and
the role of structural racism within
health, social care, education, criminal
justice and other institutions.
Black patients told the review about
cultural insensitivities in mental health
care, with some saying that they were
scared of mental health services. ?Our
experience has been [that] professionals come with stereotypes, usually negative if a black person. Seems to have to
make a special effort to treat us like
human beings,? one said.
NHS figures show that 19,812 people
were detained at the end of March last
year, up more than 40 per cent in two
years. ?We have been told people are
not receiving the care they need in the
community, which might have prevented them from reaching crisis. We have
also been told that a reduction in acute
bed numbers has made the use of the
MHA more important to get a bed
when needed,? the review concludes.
Danielle Hamm, of the charity Rethink Mental Illness, said: ?This landmark review confirms what we have
long known, that there are serious
problems with the Mental Health Act.
People who have been detained under
the act have been telling us how it fails
to protect their rights and dignity, and
how they are kept out of decisions
about their own care.?
Wendy Burn, president of the Royal
College of Psychiatrists, said: ?Improving mental health services depends on
the right number of well-trained staff
and the resources to meet the needs of
patients, their families and carers.?
Pharmacists arrested over Scammers
illegal sale of deadly drugs exploiting TSB
Will Humphries
Pharmacists are selling dangerous prescription drugs such as Xanax on the
black market.
Eight pharmacists have been arrested and at least 50 pharmacies investigated in a police operation into illegal
sales of prescription drugs.
Young people are buying Class C
controlled prescription drugs such as
Xanax online to use recreationally and
to tackle stress and depression because
NHS mental health services are
stretched.
Xanax is the brand name for alprazolam, a tranquilliser banned by the
NHS because it is so powerful. It can be
obtained through private prescription.
It has played a role in several high profile deaths in the US including that of
the actor Heath Ledger.
The government?s Medicines and
Healthcare
products
Regulatory
Authority and the police are cracking
down on the diversion of drugs from
the legitimate supply chain, a trade
worth up to �0 million in 2013-16.
They have arrested 44 people, including eight pharmacists, as part of their
operation involving the General Pharmaceutical Council. One pharmacist
has been charged.
The council is investigating 23 pharmacists, of whom six are suspended, for
diverting prescription medication to
the black market. Two pharmacists
have been struck off this year for selling
tablets to dealers.
The crackdown comes as a pharmacist was caught on camera selling Xanax tablets over the counter to an
undercover reporter from the Daily
Mail who did not have a prescription.
Anatolijus Kostiukevicius, of Al Razi
Pharmacy in London, was filmed selling hundreds of Class C drugs. He reportedly sold 60 Xanax tablets for �50
each and 100 tramadol capsules for
�0, saying the prices were high
?because you need a prescription?. He
later admitted that selling the medication was illegal, the paper reported, but
said he ?did not know about the situation?. Al Razi Pharmacy failed to respond to requests for comment.
tech fiasco
Harry Wilson
TSB has warned its customers that
fraudsters are trying to take advantage
of the bank?s IT problems, which have
now lasted more than a week.
The Spanish-owned company said
that customers had been receiving
emails and tweets from people claiming
to represent the bank. ?We would never
ask for your security details such as a
PIN or full password and we would only
contact you via social media from our
official @TSB or official Facebook
page,? TSB posted on Twitter.
MPs have ordered the bank?s boss
and chairman to give evidence to the
Treasury committee tomorrow about
what they call ?miscommunication? on
the extent of the problem. ?We will take
evidence from TSB and Sabadell to find
out how they got into this mess, who is
responsible, and how they are putting it
right,? said Nicky Morgan, the chairwoman of the committee.
Hugo Rifkind, page 23
OFFER
Why pay more? Save money on your daily
papers with a subscription to The Times
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THE WEATHER
Please note, some sections of The Times are
available only in the United Kingdom and Ireland
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Long spells of rain in the west of
the UK. Largely dry in southeastern
Britain. Full forecast, page 53
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continued from page 1
Rail travellers forced on to buses
such as Crossrail, the electrification of
the Great Western mainline, the upgrade of the Thameslink line through
London, improvements to the route
between Edinburgh and Glasgow and a
series of projects across the north.
The use of buses last year rose by
5.4 per cent compared with 12 months
earlier. The annual average between
2014 and 2018 stood at 14,924 hours a
month while the average between 2009
and 2014 was 10,548.
In the past few days, passengers have
complained about drivers getting lost
between stations, buses taking long
routes, a lack of lavatories and missed
rail connections. One passenger said
that a bus between Richmond-uponThames in southwest London and
Hounslow took an hour, compared
with 16 minutes by train. Another posted a picture of two replacement buses
that crashed into each other in Bir-
mingham. Anthony Smith, chief executive of Transport Focus, said: ?We
haven?t yet come anywhere near an
honest debate about the impact that
those mega-projects and day-to-day
maintenance have on the running of
the timetable, especially at the weekends, and the level of disruption that
passengers will have to bear. There
needs to be honesty about the fact that
when you suddenly start spending billions on networks that have been historically underfunded it will cause disruption.?
The impact of Network Rail?s work is
set out in monthly ?possession indicator? reports that chart the effect of
upgrades and maintenance on passenger services. They show that disruption
? the extra journey time caused by
planned engineering work ? is at its
worst since records began in 2006.
Some 77.9 per cent of weekend trains
ran as scheduled in the year to the start
of March, down from 80.2 per cent a
year earlier. It was far lower than the
annual average achieved between 2014
and 2018 of 80.9 per cent. The average
between 2009 and 2014 was almost
85 per cent. Network Rail said it had an
?aspirational target? of running 90 per
cent of weekend trains as scheduled.
It is feared that disruption combined
with overcrowding and rising fares is
starting to put some people off rail travel. Figures from the Office of Rail and
Road show that passenger numbers fell
0.9 per cent in the three months to the
end of 2017, driven by an 8.1 per cent
decline in season ticket journeys.
A Network Rail spokeswoman said:
?Passengers are set to benefit from an
explosion in investment in recent years,
which continues apace, with some
�0 million being invested every week
in things like new platforms, new stations, new bridges and junctions. The
size and scale of this investment means
much of our work is done over nights,
weekends, and bank holidays when
there are fewer passengers travelling.?
Times investigation, pages 14-16
the times | Tuesday May 1 2018
3
2G M
News
Sexualised violence on TV is
what women want, says Greer
How your
Spotify songs
set the tone
for economy
BBC
Matthew Moore Media Correspondent
Female viewers? fascination with the
victimisation of women is to blame for
the prevalence of sexual violence and
rape on television, Germaine Greer has
claimed.
Crime dramas criticised for gratuitous depictions of attacks on women
are only trying to satisfy the desires of
their audiences, according to the feminist writer.
?Female victimisation sells. What
should disturb us is that it sells to
women,? she said.
Greer?s comments follow a backlash
against sexually violent scenes in
primetime television dramas, with BBC
series The Fall, Luther and Top of the
Lake, and the ITV thriller Paranoid all
accused of normalising or glamorising
brutality against women.
The final series of the Scandinavian
crime drama The Bridge, that starts on
BBC Two this month, opens with the
discovery of a woman who has been
buried up to her neck and stoned to
death. Producers have been accused of
exploiting violence against women as a
plot device but Greer, 79, lays the blame
on female viewers.
?Who is watching and reading the
proliferating imagery of female victimhood? Women, that?s who,? she writes
in the Radio Times, claiming that
women make up 60 to 80 per cent of
crime fiction readers.
?The endless array of female cadavers laid out on slabs and dragged out of
the undergrowth in crime drama on TV
is designed to reel in a mainly female
audience.?
Greer suggests that large numbers of
female viewers enjoy fantasising about
sexual assault. She cites a small
2008 study by US academics
that found that 32 per cent of
women had fantasised about
being raped by a man, while
52 per cent fantasised
about some kind of forced
sex. ?The fantasy is
commoner than
these figures suggest,? says Greer.
?The man who
groans
and
clenches his teeth
as he struggles to
resist the heroine?s fatal charms
has been a staple
of ?chick-lit? ever
since Jane Eyre.
The delusion that
rape is the result
Tom Knowles
Economics Correspondent
Series such as The Fall and The Bridge, below left, are ?designed to reel in a mainly female audience?, says Germaine Greer
Grisly viewing
The Fall (BBC)
One reviewer described
this thriller starring
Gillian Anderson and
Jamie Dornan as
the ?the most
repulsive drama
ever broadcast?
because of its
depictions of
sexual murder.
The writer, Allan
Cubitt, denied
accusations of
misogyny.
Paranoid (ITV)
This 2016 series opened
with the stabbing of a
mother who had been
pushing her child on a
swing. Critics
complained that the
violence was
inappropriate just after
the 9pm watershed.
of overwhelming sexual desire is a female delusion.?
There is evidence to
support Greer?s assertion
that women are drawn to
tales of murder and rape.
In 2010 Illinois University researchers found
Luther (BBC)
Psychopathic killers
abound in Idris Elba?s
gritty detective
drama. Elba
ba
admits
being
sensitive
to
violence
against
women
on TV.
that women were disproroeview
portionately likely to review
true crime books on Amazon
al series such as
and US police procedural
CSI and Law & Order tend to attract
largely female audiences.
Greer, the author of The Female Eunuch, was a pioneer of second-wave
feminism but has alienated some activists with comments critical of the
?whingeing? #MeToo movement.
In a book, On Rape, due out this year,
she argues for more awareness of the
difference between ?sleaze and
assault . IIn the Radio Times
assault?.
Greer contrasts women
who outed themselves as
vict
victims
of Hollywood
pr
predators with what
sh
she calls a lower-profi
file approach taken
b men who claim
by
th
they were abused.
M
Male
victims ?refrain
fro
from exhibiting themselv
selves? because women
have no desire to see
them, she
sh argues.
?The disp
display of female victimhood in entertainm
entertainment media is not the
result of a conspiracy between wicked
men to objectify, reify and sexualise
women but a straightforward capitulation to market forces.?
Next time you listen to a song on Spotify or play a game of World of Warcraft,
be aware that central bankers may be
monitoring your movements to work
out when might be a good time to next
raise interest rates.
Andy Haldane, the chief economist
of the Bank of England, has said that if
central bankers want to really understand what is happening in the economy, they should forget market
research surveys and focus on Taylor
Swift downloads in the UK instead.
Mr Haldane said that it was ?devilishly difficult? to work out the mood of
consumers using traditional surveys as
they tended to be biased in their sampling and too framed in their responses.
Policymakers at central banks are
always trying to gauge how consumers
are feeling as higher confidence tends
to lead to higher spending and the ability to handle the impact of an interest
rate rise or a change in regulations.
Mr Haldane, who sits on the Bank?s
monetary policy committee, which sets
interest rates for the UK, said that
researchers were using more unusual
methods to understand consumer
behaviour and the Bank of England
should follow suit.
Researchers at Claremont University, in California, look at data on music
streams from Spotify to provide an indicator of people?s sentiment.
Mr Haldane said that the results
were just as good at tracking the mood
of consumers as the monthly Michigan
University survey, which is one of the
most closely watched surveys on how
confident Americans are feeling.
The study ? called The Rhythm of
Markets ? found that changes in the
frequencies of words associated with
anticipation and joy in popular songs
could forecast changes in the Nasdaq
stock market and the S&P 500 index.
For example, an increase of 1 per cent
in the occurrence of words associated
with ?anticipation? led to a 0.444 per
cent drop in the Nasdaq and 0.315 per
cent drop in the S&P 500.
Online multiplayer games such as
World of Warcraft already had ?primitive? economies attached to them that
economists were studying, Mr Haldane
said. Gamers were studied to assess
how people may react to sudden policy
changes such as moves in interest rates
or tougher regulations. ?The game
could serve as a test bed for policy
action, a large-scale dynamic, digital
focus group,? Mr Haldane said.
4
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Tuesday May 1 2018 | the times
News
JANE BARLOW/PA
Quintagram�
No 51
Solve all five clues using each
letter underneath once only
1 Crafty (3)
---
2 In plain view (5)
----3 Welsh city (7)
------4 Payment request (7)
------5 Influential soul singer (6,4)
---------A
A
A
A
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E
E
E
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I
I
I
L
M
N
N
N
O
O
R
R
S
S
S
T
V
V
V
W
Y
Y
Solutions MindGames in Times2
Cryptic clues every day online
Sex abuse clampdown
Top billing The last full moon in April, known as the pink moon but looking like a gold coin, is caught by the Arctic tern at the Scottish Seabird Centre in North Berwick
May?s tactics recall Hitler, says peer
as Brexit bill suffers seventh defeat
Oliver Wright Policy Editor
Henry Zeffman
Theresa May?s treatment of parliament
was compared to Hitler?s assault on
German democracy yesterday as the
government suffered another defeat on
its flagship Brexit legislation.
Peers voted by a majority of 91 in the
House of Lords to give parliament a
decisive say on the outcome of the final
Brexit negotiations, including in the
event of a ?no deal?. It is the seventh
defeat to be inflicted on the government during the report stage of the bill
that ministers will now have to seek to
overturn when it returns to the House
of Commons this month.
The vote was overshadowed by an
acrimonious exchange between Remain and Brexiteer supporters and a
Liberal Democrat peer equated Mrs
May?s actions over Brexit to Hitler?s
seizure of sweeping powers in 1930s
Berlin.
?Sometimes it is very valuable to look
at what happened in other countries
when similar steps have been taken,?
Lord Roberts of Llandudno said.
?We remember the reluctance of Mrs
May to allow parliament itself to be
involved [in Brexit]. She wanted the
government to be in charge. My mind
went back to Berlin in 1933 when the
enabling bill was passed in the Reichstag and that bill transferred the democratic right from the parliament into
the hands of Adolf Hitler.?
He added: ?Let?s just take a warning.
What we are doing here must involve
parliament. We cannot let an enabling
act in the UK lead to the catastrophe
that happened in Berlin.?
He was followed shortly afterwards
by the Tory peer Lord Fairfax of Cameron, who accused those supporting the
amendment of being fifth columnists.
?This house is a cosy cabal of Remain,?
he said. ?This is a wrecking amendment. It is designed to delay, frustrate
and ultimately block Brexit.
?Those proposing and supporting it
are playing the role of a fifth column for
Mr [Michel] Barnier and EU negotiators. They are doing his job for them.?
Steve Baker, a Brexit minister,
described Lord Roberts?s comments as
disgraceful. ?This irresponsible rhetoric does Lord Roberts no favours,? he
said. ?This legislation is an essential
mechanism for delivering a smooth and
orderly Brexit and ensuring our legal
order functions.
?The over-the-top nonsense spouted
by its opponents demonstrates how
moribund their arguments are.?
After the vote Sir Keir Starmer, the
shadow Brexit secretary, described the
result as hugely significant. He said: ?If
parliament votes down the Article 50
deal then parliament must decide what
happens next. Under no circumstances
can the prime minister be given a blank
cheque to crash the UK out of the EU
without a deal.?
Lord Callanan, the Lords Brexit minister, said he was disappointed by the
defeat ?in spite of the assurances we
have provided?.
?What this amendment would do is
weaken the UK?s hand in our negotiations with the EU by giving parliament
unprecedented powers to instruct the
government to do anything with regard
to the negotiations, including trying to
keep the UK in the EU indefinitely,? he
said.?It is absolutely right that parliament is able to scrutinise the final deal,
and that is why we have already committed to giving both houses a vote on
the final deal.?
Jacob Rees-Mogg, page 22
Barnier: Irish border issue threatens entire deal
Sam Coates Dundalk
The Brexit talks are at risk of collapsing
over the future of the Irish border, the
EU?s chief negotiator said yesterday.
During a visit to Ireland, Michel Barnier urged Theresa May to reconsider
introducing a border in the Irish Sea.
He called for a ?clear and operational
solution for Ireland? to be included in
the Brexit deal, adding: ?Until we reach
this agreement, there is a risk [of no
deal].?
Leo Varadkar, the Irish prime minister, warned that Britain?s ?approach to
negotiations will need to change in
some way? if there is to be agreement
over the issue. The EU and Ireland are
pressing the UK to spell out its plans for
the Irish border before a key European
summit at the end of next month.
Mr Barnier used a speech in Dundalk
to revive a plan previously ruled out by
Mrs May to have different rules and
checks in Northern Ireland from the
rest of the United Kingdom.
The move is likely to irritate ministers as it has been rejected by the government and the Democratic Unionist
Party, who have said that it would
imperil the Union.
Mr Barnier said: ?The UK?s decision
to leave the single market and the customs union creates a risk that the hard
border will return. This is why it is necessary to have a self-standing backstop
solution. To be clear once again, the
backstop was drafted in full respect of
the UK?s red lines.?
The Irish border will be the UK?s only
land border with the EU after Brexit and
is among the most vexed issues facing
negotiators. The Irish government is
suggesting that failure to strike a deal by
the summer could imperil the withdrawal agreement, the legal deal that authorises the 21-month transition period. Mr
Barnier did not go quite that far, saying
only that agreement next month was a
stepping stone to a deal in October.
Mrs May?s ministers are meeting
tomorrow to discuss customs arrangements. There are signs that Mrs May
wants to put forward the so-called hybrid customs union option in defiance of
Brexiteers, which would mean that the
UK continued to collect EU tariffs after
Brexit. The EU has rejected this option
as unworkable.
David Davis, the Brexit secretary,
said on Twitter: ?Agree w/ @MichelBarnier on need to move quickly in discussions + importance of a workable
backstop. Our solutions must respect
the EU single market and the integrity
of the UK. We?ve put forward proposals
on the future and look forward to making progress this week #brexit.?
Ant髇io Guterres will tell the
heads of 31 UN agencies to
improve their handling of sexual
misconduct cases at a special
meeting in London on Thursday.
The UN secretary-general?s
intervention, which will drive
home the need for prevention,
comes in the wake of several
international sex scandals,
including a cover-up by Oxfam
and investigations into several
senior figures in the aid sector
who have been accused of assault.
Women quit
Labour over
gender row
Henry Zeffman Political Reporter
More than three hundred women are
quitting the Labour Party today
because it allows transgender women
who have not legally changed gender to
stand on all-women shortlists.
The revolt comes after a dispute over
whether transgender women should be
eligible for the shortlists, which encourage female candidates to stand as MPs
and councillors. The campaigners say
only women who have legally changed
gender should be let on the lists.
In a letter to The Times today, ten
women, including a former member of
the party?s national constitutional
committee, accuse Labour of being
?disingenuous?, adding that support for
self-identification ?reeks of male
authority and male supremacy?.
They write: ?We are dismayed at the
Labour Party?s support for sex as a selfidentified characteristic for all-women
shortlists . . . We now face a situation in
which any man can simply claim to be
a woman and be included on allwomen shortlists.
?Sex is not a self-defined characteristic and it is disingenuous for Labour to
pretend that it is. Self-identity ? ?I am
what I say I am? ? reeks of male authority and male supremacy. In contrast,
women are rarely believed about the
sexual violence we face or about harassment on the streets and domestic
violence in the home . . . It is for that reason that we ? alongside 300 other
women ? are resigning from the Labour Party today.?
A party spokeswoman said: ?All
women shortlists are and always have
been open to all women, which of
course includes trans women.?
Letters, page 24
the times | Tuesday May 1 2018
5
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News
Singing grocer fails
to calm nerves over
supermarket merger
Alex Ralph, Deirdre Hipwell
Callum Jones
As Sainsbury?s shares soared by nearly
17 per cent yesterday on news of its
proposed merger with Asda, Mike
Coupe, the supermarket?s chief executive, perhaps got a little too excited by
the prospect of a bumper pay day.
The guitar-playing veteran of the
grocery industry, whose pay packet is
about �million, was caught on camera
singing We?re in the Money before a television interview. With a straight face,
Mr Coupe sang, ?We?re in the money,
the sky is sunny, let?s send it, lend it,
spend it, rolling along? in footage
obtained by ITV News. He later apologised, saying that it was an ?unguarded
Mike Coupe said he sang in an attempt
to compose himself before going on TV
Beware the microphone
6 David Cameron had to apologise
in 2014 after he told Michael
Bloomberg, the former mayor of
New York, that the Queen had
?purred down the line? when he told
her that Scotland had voted against
independence. His comments were
heard via a Sky News microphone.
6 Gordon Brown said sorry to Gillian
Duffy in 2010 after a microphone
recorded him describing the Labour
supporter, who challenged him over
immigration in the run-up to the
election, as a ?bigoted woman?.
6 In 2005, Prince Charles muttered
to his sons that Nicholas Witchell,
the BBC?s royal correspondent, was
?awful?. The comments were picked
up by the media?s microphones.
moment trying to compose myself
before a TV interview? and was an
?unfortunate choice of song, from the
musical 42nd Street, which I saw last
year?.
Yesterday Sainsbury?s executives and
its advisers sought to allay concerns
about a merger with Asda to create
Britain?s biggest supermarket chain.
Formally unveiling the potential deal,
the retailers pledged that consumers
would enjoy price cuts of about 10 per
cent on ?everyday products?. Mr Coupe
said that the combined group could
offer lower prices because the tie-up
would improve its buying terms with
large suppliers.
Politicians and unions have raised
fears about the impact on suppliers,
farmers and jobs, particularly at Asda?s
2,000-strong head office in Leeds.
Rebecca Long Bailey, the shadow business secretary, asked an urgent question in the Commons and warned that
a ?duopoly of the big supermarkets,
Tesco, Asda and Sainsbury?s, will now
emerge, providing never-before-seen
bargaining power?.
A merger would combine two of the
four largest grocery chains in Britain,
giving them a combined 2,800 shops,
revenues of about � billion and
market share of about 31 per cent, leapfrogging Tesco, which has dominated
the industry for more than a decade and
has about 28 per cent.
Sainsbury?s and Asda confirmed that
they would retain their brand names
and would not close any shops. They
face a lengthy investigation, however,
from competition regulators, which Mr
Coupe has asked to be fast-tracked.
Analysts at Global Data, a research
company, forecast that 75 Asda shops
?would be the absolute minimum? that
the Competition and Markets Authority ?will want disposed of?.
Andrew Griffiths, the business minister, said the supermarkets? bosses had
reassured him that ?there will be no
store closures? but added: ?I cannot
confirm the impact that it would have
on the head offices other than the confirmation that both will be kept open.?
Tim Roache, general secretary of the
GMB union, said: ?Hundreds of thousands of workers stand to be affected.?
Leading article, 25
Business, pages 33-35
Anxiety linked to a higher
risk of dementia in old age
Chris Smyth Health Editor
People who are anxious in middle age
are about 50 per cent more likely to get
dementia decades later, an overview of
research has suggested.
Anxiety is a red flag for emerging
problems in the brain and doctors could
use it to spot those most at risk of dementia in old age, scientists have said.
It remains unclear whether anxiety
causes dementia or if feelings of worry
and nervousness emerge as people feel
their memory failing.
Scientists said, however, that habits
known to protect against dementia,
such as exercise, hobbies and a good
social life, can help with anxiety too.
More than 200,000 people a year
have dementia diagnosed and with no
treatment researchers are increasingly
focusing on prevention. Depression is
already known to double the risk of
developing dementia.
Researchers found four studies involving 30,000 people who had had a
clinical diagnosis of anxiety at least a
decade before finding out that they had
dementia. Amy Gimson, of the University of Southampton, one of the authors
of the paper, said: ?These are people
with a range of anxiety symptoms ?
worry, agitation, difficulty concentrating, difficulty sleeping.?
Three of the studies showed that
people with anxiety were 48 to 62 per
cent more likely to get dementia, it was
reported in the journal BMJ Open. The
remaining study, showing that anxious
people were seven times more likely to
get a rarer form of dementia, was likely
to be an outlier, Ms Gimson said.
MIKE GALLAGHER/APEX
Rush hour Tom Hards swaps the bus for a kayak, commuting three miles on the Stroudwater Navigation in Gloucestershire
6
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Tuesday May 1 2018 | the times
News
News Politics
Rudd was given bad advice by
Francis Elliott Political Editor
Oliver Wright Policy Editor
Advisers who ?let her down?
Amber Rudd was ?badly let down? by
senior home office civil servants,
friends said yesterday in the wake of her
resignation.
Glyn Williams, the director general
of borders, immigration and citizenship, and Hugh Ind, the director general of immigration enforcement, both
advised Ms Rudd in the lead up to last
Wednesday?s home affairs committee
hearing at which she claimed, wrongly,
that there were no targets for the
deportation of illegal immigrants.
Before calling Theresa May on Sunday evening, Ms Rudd had known for
several hours that she would resign.
She had tried to make a stand on Friday after admitting she misled MPs,
saying that she was the best-placed person to clear up the Windrush mess. Ms
Rudd, 54, then promised to make a
clean breast of her mistakes in a Commons statement on Monday. It was in
preparing for that speech that she was
confronted with further documents on
targets after a ?trawl? carried out by her
private office.
It was clear, friends said, that if she
were to be truthful she would have to
admit that the failure to engage on the
key topic of removing illegal immigrants was far greater than a one-off
aberration. She was setting herself up
for what she knew would be a brutal
attack on her competence and professionalism and it was beyond her.
It was very much a personal decision.
Even her closest political aides were not
Glyn Williams is the director general
of the border, immigration and
citizenship department at the Home
Office and is helping ministers
create a post-Brexit immigration
policy and a system to register the
3 million citizens of EU countries
living in the UK.
He previously worked on
reforming immigration from outside
Europe and before the Brexit
referendum was involved in
negotiations with Brussels to end
the abuse of free movement.
He has been in his current job for
about 14 months but has been at the
heart of immigration policy in one
form or another since 2006 when
he was director of visa services. He
has also served as head of migration
policy and director of asylum.
Hugh Ind has been director general
of immigration enforcement since
2017. He joined the Home Office in
1991 and has spent most of his
career in the department. He has
held posts dealing with asylum and
was the UK Border Agency?s
regional director of crime and
enforcement in London and the
southeast for three years to 2013.
Between 2001 and 2004 he was
Tessa Jowell?s principal private
secretary when she was the
secretary of state for culture, media
and sport.
Ambitions are less easy to target
Behind the story
T
he row that
engulfed
Amber Rudd
centred on
whether there
was a target or
ambition for enforced
deportation. Ms Rudd
and her allies said
there was an ambition
for increased
deportations; Labour
said there were targets,
which the home
secretary knew about
(Richard Ford writes).
A target would
suggest a commitment
to deliver a particular
goal within a given
timescale. An example
would be setting a
target for the number
of illegal immigrants
or foreign national
offenders to be
removed from the UK
annually. Before
setting a target a
minister would hold
talks with policy
advisers and
operational staff to
assess the implications
and determine what
was feasible with the
resources available. It
allows ministers to
be judged on
whether they
have met the
target.
By contrast,
an ambition
signals the
direction in
which
ministers
want to go,
but is not
a promise
that the
ambition
will be
met. It can change
depending on
circumstances, giving
?wriggle room? to
explain away a failure
to achieve the
ambition. In 2010 the
Conservative manifesto
promised to ?take
steps? to lower net
migration to the tens
of thousands, but did
not set it as a target.
In 2015, with
Theresa May as
home secretary, the
manifesto
promised to
keep ?our
ambition? of
delivering net
migration in
the tens of
thousands.
By 2017 this
had become
?our
objective?.
involved, while Downing Street was
expressing full confidence in Ms Rudd
just two hours before her resignation
was announced. ?In the end it was a dignity thing,? said one of those advising
her in the final hours. ?And when she
had taken the decision to go, I think
there was a tremendous sense of relief.?
Relief but anger too. While Ms Rudd
has paid the price with her job the fact
that Mr Williams, the UK?s most senior
immigration official, gave the committee the same answer, apparently without consequence, has been lost in the
noise, friends said. ?Are there removal
targets for different regions of the enforcement team?? Yvette Cooper, the
home affairs select committee?s Labour
chairwoman, had asked him. ?I am not
in charge of enforcement,? he replied,
?but not as far as I know, no.?
However, insiders point out that Mr
Williams later clarified his answer
when asked by the Labour MP Stephen
Doughty whether ?net removal targets
exist?. He replied: ?There are no published removals targets? although the
department did look ?at management
data? and ?managers will be asked how
many people have been removed and
why it is more or less?. They pointed out
that Mr Williams was a man who always chose what he said carefully and
that the use of the word ?published?
would have been deliberate.
Ms Rudd?s answer to the same question was less precise. In part this may
have been because she had not been
sufficiently briefed. Ms Rudd had arrived at the hearing direct from the
Brexit strategy and negotiation committee and so had not heard Lucy
Moreton, the general secretary of the
Immigration Service Union, talk in detail about how removal targets were set.
However, political aides in Downing
Street said she should have been made
aware of what had been said. ?Who was
briefing her? How could they not at
least have watched the previous
testimony?? they asked.
Even after Ms Rudd gave her incorrect answer her friends claim that
senior civil servants in her department
provided her with advice that was at
best misleading and confusing.
Sources have also blamed Mr Ind, the
director-general of immigration enforcement, for Ms Rudd?s downfall. He
is said to have written emails both
before and after the committee hearing
insisting that there were no enforcement targets.
A Home Office spokesman declined
to comment on claims that both men
had let Ms Rudd down.
As for Ms Rudd, she will have been
heartened by the warmth of her
colleagues. In carrying the can for the
application of policies set by her
predecessor, she can be reasonably
confident of redemption.
Letters, page 24
Cabinet?s Brexit balance maintained
Continued from page 1
were in place when Ms Rudd told MPs
last week that there were none. Ms
Rudd?s answer last Wednesday led to
her downfall when documents
emerged that proved she had repeatedly been told about the targets.
Friends of Ms Rudd said that while
she accepted responsibility she had
been badly advised by the two most
senior civil servants responsible before,
during and after the hearing by the
Commons home affairs committee.
She tweeted her support for her ?fantastic? successor, saying that he had
made an outstanding debut.
Jeremy Corbyn said that Mrs May
had questions to answer about her time
as home secretary, adding: ?She was
presiding over, in her terms, the creation of a hostile environment.?
In the short term Mr Javid is not
expected to challenge the Tory manifesto objective to reduce annual net
migration below 100,000, friends said.
He is expected to push for a ?pro-business? immigration system after Brexit,
however, including making a new effort
to remove students from the count.
As home secretary Mr Javid will
attend tomorrow?s meeting of the Brexit ?war cabinet? where Mrs May will
come under pressure to ditch her plan
for a customs partnership with Brussels.
The prime minister moved to repair
the damage caused by Ms Rudd?s
departure by promoting Mr Javid from
communities secretary and bringing
back James Brokenshire, the former
Northern Ireland secretary, to replace
him. Mr Brokenshire, 50, had stepped
down in January after having a lung
tumour diagnosed. Since then he has
made a recovery and had been expected to return.
Penny Mordaunt, 45, the international development secretary, takes
on Ms Rudd?s equalities brief.
Mr Javid?s promotion preserves the
delicate balance between Remainers
and Leavers at cabinet although he was
a much less enthusiastic promoter of
close EU ties than Ms Rudd.
Leading article, page 25
From a near miss
with homelessness
to home secretary
S
ajid Javid and his
four brothers grew
up in a two-bedroom
flat in Bristol. ?I
shared a room with
my parents; there were two
double beds, I was with one
of my siblings, and there
were two double beds in the
other room,? he told The
Times in January. When he
became an MP in 2010 he
was told that he would have
been classed as homeless
(Henry Zeffman and Francis
Elliott write).
One of his brothers, Bas,
is a chief superintendent at
West Midlands police, and
served in the Royal Navy
during the Gulf War as an
aircraft engineer. In March
2015, when Mr Javid was
already in the cabinet, Bas
shared an article about
police cuts with the caption:
?The VERY thin blue line.?
Policing will now come
under his brother?s remit.
On Sunday Mr Javid
revealed his own pain at the
Windrush scandal. ?I
thought that could be my
mum,? he told The Daily
Telegraph. ?My dad, my
uncle ? it could be me.?
Mr Javid?s parents came
to the UK from Pakistan
rather than the Caribbean
but his quick climb from
humble beginnings to adult
success is a story shared by
many children of the
Windrush generation.
His father, Abdul, worked
as a bus driver in Rochdale,
Greater Manchester, where
Sajid was born in 1969, after
arriving at Heathrow in
1961 with �in his pocket.
Mr Javid has told how he
Sajid Javid with
his wife, Laura,
whom he met
on a work
placement, and
their family, top.
Far right, his
brother Bas,
a chief
superintendent
with West
Midlands police
Brokenshire ready to take on
Henry Zeffman Political Reporter
The Home Office has been the graveyard of many ministerial careers but it
was the making of James Brokenshire.
At the start of the Coalition government in 2010, Mr Brokenshire, 50, was
appointed to the role he had shadowed
in opposition ? a junior post at the
Home Office responsible for crime
reduction. His good fortune was that
Theresa May became home secretary
at the same time. Mr Brokenshire
stayed in the department under Mrs
May until she became prime minister in
2016, moving first to the security brief
then on to immigration.
Mr Brokenshire led talks with Jordan
over the deportation of Abu Qatada, the
radical preacher, and oversaw efforts to
introduce laws combating modern slavery. Both issues are seen by champions
of Mrs May as significant achievements
of her time as home secretary.
Though a low-key, even uncharismatic, operator, he was capable on
occasion of making news. Soon after
becoming immigration minister in
2014, he chastised ?the wealthy metropolitan elite who wanted cheap tradesmen and services? over ?the ordinary,
hard-working people of this country?.
His comments backfired, thrusting the
spotlight on to David Cameron?s
employment of a Nepalese nanny.
When Mrs May entered Downing
Street in July 2016 she rewarded Mr
Brokenshire for his steady service with a
cabinet post as Northern Ireland secretary. Brexit and the collapse of powersharing in the province made it an important and febrile post. He was praised
by all sides for his work ethic and widely
liked ? but made little progress.
Mr Brokenshire surprised Westminster by resigning in January, revealing
that he had recently been diagnosed
with early-stage lung cancer. He later
had part of his right lung removed. ?It
has certainly been a challenging
personal few months for me,? he said at
his first appearance at the despatch box
in his new role yesterday.
As communities secretary, Mr Brokenshire will be at the centre of Conservative efforts to address the housing
the times | Tuesday May 1 2018
7
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News
News
top civil servants, say friends
EDWARD LLOYD/ALPHA PRESS
was advised to consider
becoming a TV repair man::
?My school careers adviserr
told me there was no point
in aiming high because
kids from my neck of the
woods simply didn?t take
A levels or go to
university. Society had
low expectations of us,
and we were expected to
live down to them.?
He has said his father,
r,
initially a Labour supporter,
turned to the Conservativess
after the 1978-79 ?winter off
discontent?. At the age of
about 12 Sajid watched King
Vidor?s 1949 adaptation of
Ayn Rand?s The
Fountainhead. The
libertarian allegorical novel
made a deep impression. He
read the central courtroom
scene to his future wife,
Laura, whom he met on a
work-placement scheme as
a teenager, and repeats the
battle cry for individualism
twice a year.
Mr Javid, 48, attended
state schools and was the
first in his family to go to
university, studying politics
new challenge
crisis, especially improving the
prospects of young people and renters.
His southeast London constituency of
Old Bexley and Sidcup, which he has
represented since 2010 having been
first elected to the Commons in Hornchurch in 2005, includes part of the
green belt. Last year, Mr Brokenshire
opposed plans for 60 new homes there.
Local government will prove similarly taxing. The Conservatives expect reverses in Thursday?s local elections,
while scores of councils are struggling
to close budget deficits. Yesterday in the
Commons he assured MPs he was
eager to get started. ?In some ways local
government is in the blood with me as
my father was a chief executive of a
local council,? he said. ?Some of the debates about local councils were ones I
had as a boy ? believe it or not.?
Mr Brokenshire, who is married with
three children, was born in Essex and
educated at grammar school there,
then a private sixth-form in Cambridge.
He studied law at Exeter University and
before entering politics was a partner at
Jones Day, an international law firm.
and
d economics
i att Exeter.
E t
There he became a member
of the Conservative Party.
His closest friends were
Robert Halfon, now the MP
for Harlow, David Burrowes,
who lost his Enfield,
Southgate seat last June,
and Tim Montgomerie, the
former Times columnist and
creator of the
ConservativeHome website.
Mr Javid went to a Tory
conference to protest
against Margaret Thatcher?s
decision to join the
exchange-rate mechanism.
He failed
fa
to get a job in the
City of London after
univ
university, so instead went
to N
New York, where Chase
M
Manhattan made him
th youngest ever vicetheir
p
president
at 25.
He later returned to
L
London, joining
D
Deutsche Bank and
ri
rising to its board. When
he left in 2009 to enter
poli
politics,
he was working in
Singa
Singapore, on a salary said
to be �million.
Aft entering the
After
Com
Commons as the MP for
B
Bromsgrove ? he beat
Ruth Davidson to the
nomination ? Mr Javid was
talent-spotted by George
Osborne, becoming his
parliamentary private
secretary in 2011 and a
junior minister at the
Treasury the next year.
In 2014 he became
culture secretary, the first of
his parliamentary intake to
make it into the cabinet,
and after David Cameron
won in 2015 he was
promoted to business
secretary. Eurosceptics
hoped that Mr Javid would
defy the leadership and join
the Leave campaign. Instead
he said that ?with a heavy
heart and no enthusiasm?
he would vote Remain. His
stance pleased no one.
Brexiteers believed that he
had put his career before
his convictions.
After Mr Cameron?s
resignation Mr Javid
mounted a joint leadership
bid with Stephen Crabb. Mrs
May spared him from the
brutal return to the back
benches she dealt Mr
Osborne and many of his
allies, but had she won the
enhanced majority she
wanted after the snap
election last year Mr Javid
was thought to have been in
line for the sack.
He has not been
squeamish about using his
personal story to promote
policy, be it on housing or
community integration (he
spoke recently about how
his mother came to learn
English only decades after
arriving in the UK).
He has been deft in
alluding to his background
and the racism that he has
endured, making his points
with humour. Speaking to
Birmingham?s Asian
Business Chamber of
Commerce in 2016 he
recalled being
congratulated by a ?white
guy? shortly after he was
appointed as communities
secretary. ?And as he heads
off he turns round and says,
?Great to meet you, Sadiq!
Thanks for kicking those
Tories out of London!? ?
Mr Javid joked: ?I?ve no
idea who he was. White
people, they all look the
same, don?t they? As Sadiq
Khan himself has said, you
wait ages for the son of a
Pakistani immigrant bus
driver to turn up in British
politics, then two come
along at once.?
Rachel Sylvester, page 21
Analysis
S
ajid Javid?s move to put a
more humane face on Tory
immigration policy after the
Windrush scandal is at first
glance clever politics (Oliver
Wright writes).
Under David Cameron the
Conservatives increased their share
of the non-white vote in five years
from 16 per cent to 23 per cent in
2015. Two years later, with the
former home secretary Theresa
May in charge, this fell back at the
general election to 19 per cent and
cost the party seats in places such
as Edgbaston in Birmingham that
could have given the prime
minister a majority.
As the son of immigrants Mr
Javid is perfectly positioned to
recalibrate the Tory message on
immigration but such a move is not
without its risks. Polling conducted
by YouGov last week revealed that
more than 70 per cent of the public
still supported the principle of the
Conservatives? hostile environment
policy, even though they
How the cabinet voted 2016
Remain
Leave
16
7
Theresa May, prime minister
David Lidington, Duchy of Lancaster
Philip Hammond, chancellor
Sajid Javid, home secretary
Boris Johnson, foreign secretary
David Davis, Brexit secretary
Gavin Williamson, defence secretary
David Gauke, justice secretary
Jeremy Hunt, health secretary
Greg Clark, business secretary
James Brokenshire, communities secretary
Liam Fox, international trade secretary
Damian Hinds, education secretary
Michael Gove, environment secretary
Chris Grayling, transport secretary
Esther McVey, work and pensions secretary
Baroness Evans of Bowes Park, leader of the
House of Lords
David Mundell, Scotland secretary
Alun Cairns, Wales secretary
Karen Bradley, Northern Ireland secretary
Penny Mordaunt, int?l development secretary
Matt Hancock, culture secretary
Brandon Lewis, minister without portfolio
sympathised with those caught up
in the crackdown.
The Windrush debacle therefore
speaks to a strategic dilemma that
the Conservatives must resolve
before the next general election.
Mrs May spent much of last year?s
campaign in seats in the midlands
and north of England. In the event
she barely won any but she did
come close, losing in two Labour
strongholds by 30 votes or fewer
and in another by only 209.
Should the party push on to win
those traditional Labour areas, or
should it focus on regaining urban
seats that swung to Labour?
Most voters in those seats will
abhor the treatment of the
Windrush generation. But Tories
watching Diane Abbott refusing
eight times yesterday to explain
whether Labour would deport illegal
immigrants could be forgiven for
deciding that maintaining Mrs
May?s tough rhetoric on illegal
immigration could yield results in
Labour heartlands.
Javid?s log,
stardate 1:
be human
Patrick Kidd
Political Sketch
I
t did not take long for Sajid
Javid to get up Diane Abbott?s
nose. And, indeed, vice versa.
The new home secretary had
been in the chamber for only a
few minutes when he accused his
shadow of playing the victim card. It
went down as well as you?d expect.
Mr Javid had tried to say the right
things about the Windrush debacle.
He admitted that there had been
awful mistakes, gave an update on
how it was being put right, promised
compensation and said that, as the
son of migrants, he felt a personal
duty to change the way government
treats our citizens from overseas.
?When I heard that people who
were longstanding pillars of their
communities were being impacted
for not having the right documents
to prove their status I thought, ?That
could be my mum, my brother, my
uncle or even me,? ? he said, though
the last bit was quite a stretch.
Ms Abbott had clearly not paid
attention. ?Is he aware that this is a
matter not just for citizens from the
Caribbean?? she asked. ?It could
also affect citizens who came here
from Asia.? Mr Javid, the son of a
bus driver from Pakistan, goggled. ?I
literally just said that,? he thought.
?I shared with her just a moment
ago how angry I am,? he said with
undisguised impatience. ?I am also a
second-generation migrant. I know
she shares that anger. She should
respect that other people share it too.
She doesn?t have a monopoly on that.?
The Labour top brass went doolally,
of course. Jeremy Corbyn growled
?shame on you? a few times and a
disgusted Ms Abbott appeared to
make a remark about being
patronised. All Tories are bastards to
them, whether they are a child of
immigrants or the aristocracy
co-ordinator on a Richard Curtis film.
There was more of an attempt to
find consensus away from the front
bench. Anna Soubry (C, Broxtowe)
got a shout of ?well said? from a
Labour MP when she argued that
the system had to stop assuming that
people were here illegally. ?There is
an attitude, too often as a result of
policy ? let?s not shift the blame ?
that ?the computer says no?,? she said.
Nick Boles (C, Grantham &
Stamford) got a similar reaction
when he called on Mr Javid to
disown his boss?s approach. ?We
need a new immigration policy,? he
said. ?If that means retiring some
legacy policies then so be it.?
Mr Javid was tongue-tied in reply
? he could hardly criticise Theresa
May so soon after a promotion ?
but promised to put his ?own stamp?
on the department. He told Labour?s
Stephen Doughty that he would ban
the phrase ?hostile environment? as
it did not fit with his values.
Actions mean more than words, of
course, but for Day 1 it was a good
start. Mr Javid, with his pointy ears,
shiny bald head and rather robotic
manner, may resemble an alien
from Star Trek but he was trying to
give the Home Office a human face.
8
2G M
Tuesday May 1 2018 | the times
News
News Politics
ALAMY
What she does
now will shape
how Rudd is
remembered
Resignations
are quickly
forgotten,
Matthew
Parris says
For me, what really took the biscuit was
Diane Abbott, late on Sunday, declining
the invitation to say she felt pity for
Amber Rudd. And this from the woman
who, criticised for getting her figures
for the cost of extra police out by a factor of about two thousand, sought the
nation?s sympathy because she?d been
feeling woozy due to diabetes.
Sympathy in politics is, anyway, a
counterfeit currency. We may feel sorry
for Ms Rudd, but still perplexed. Why
did she do it? Let?s turn to Sherlock
Holmes: ?One must first eliminate all
impossibilities, and whatever remains
must be the solution.?
You won?t find anyone who knows
Ms Rudd personally who thinks it possible that she told a barefaced lie. When
the former home secretary said her department did not deport illegal immigrants according to targets, she will
have believed this. We can argue about
her definitions of words like ?target?,
about her recollection, or about her
?grip?, but I have absolutely no doubt
that we can eliminate the possibility of
her trying to fib her way out of trouble.
Why do I say that? Well, if you think
(as I do), that she?d have had a moral objection to such dishonesty, you need go
no further. But if you won?t take her
honesty on trust, then consider a more
selfish motive: her instinct for self-preservation. If Ms Rudd remembered the
emails copied to her and the things
she?d signed, and if she?d thought this
language did amount to ?targeting?,
then she?d have been crazy to deny it.
Anything written down can be found
and published ? or leaked. Every minister knows that. Enemies are everywhere, and if you know they have ammunition, you don?t offer them an open
goal to use it. It was not, after all, as if a
targets-based office culture cannot be
defended. Most people in Britain would
think the target for deporting illegal immigrants should be 100 per cent.
The point, though, is that the Windrush generation were not illegal immigrants. This has rather been lost in the
hue and cry about what Ms Rudd said
about targets. And as for targets, she
had the perfectly serviceable option of
defending the practice. The police have
targets for drink-driving arrests; the
Department for Work and Pensions
should have targets for the take-up of
benefits by the elderly; the NHS has
targets for waiting times. If she didn?t
defend targets, as she could have, then
I?m certain this was because Ms Rudd?s
impression was that targeting was not
what drove her department?s operations for removing illegal immigrants.
So if we eliminate dishonesty, what is
left? Two possibilities, I think. First, it
has become clear there was a serious
operation afoot to get her. The way in
which material was dribbled out by
sources (presumably in the Home
Office) appeared calculated to keep the
story running and intensify the torture
through slow motion. She may simply
have concluded that she?d got so hopelessly on to the back foot that tottering
on wasn?t worth the candle: that if she
survived, it would be broken-backed.
And I think she could have survived.
It?s a fair bet the prime minister wanted
her to, for (unless you speculate that
Theresa May is actually plotting to tip
the balance against her Brexiteers)
these developments cannot have
strengthened Mrs May?s position:
Downing Street will end up with a substitute Remainer in the cabinet, and an
extra and now-unmuzzled Remainer
roaming the back benches.
Which brings us to the second possibility. Ms Rudd just snapped, said: ?Sod
it, I?m out of here?. She can?t have felt it
was going well, can?t have felt she was
distinguishing herself in the post, and
can?t anyway have felt that her heart
was in what this government is doing.
Ministers are human. None are without ambition, but only a few are so consumed with ambition as to take punishment without limit. Paradoxically, the
more honest and moral you are, the
more you twist on the rack, the more
you sweat under the TV lights, the more
tortured become your attempts not to
lie yet not to let cats out of bags.
Nice people do look shifty. They feel
shifty. Because they?re nice. A minister
without a conscience could have sauntered through all this, weeping crocodile tears for the Windrush generation
and feeling no pain. Ms Rudd did feel
pain, did feel crushed and dispirited by
the baggage she?d inherited.
Do you remember why Jacqui Smith
resigned as home secretary? No? Nor I,
really. Do you remember why Stephen
Byers resigned as transport secretary?
Search me. Rudd?s resignation will
prove one of these: a storm which, once
abated, is quite forgotten. What she did
or didn?t do is last week?s news. What
will be remembered ? or might be ? is
what she may do next.
The Home Office is under attack for its handling of migration, but security and Brexit may be more pressing for Sajid Javid
Unrelenting pressure of national security
Analysis
S
ajid Javid faces a
huge task on
inheriting a
department
tackling issues
from Windrush to
counterterrorism when
many question its ability
to deal with them
(Richard Ford writes).
The Home Office is at
the heart of some of the
most complex decisions,
many of them crucial to
the safety of the public
and state. It is a huge
department where
millions of decisions are
taken each year, many
carrying political risk for
the home secretary.
?It is an operational
department more than a
policy-making [one],? a
Whitehall observer said.
Officials are also
responsible for vital
projects, including a new
emergency services
communications
network; upgrading the
IT used to check people
working with children
and vulnerable adults;
and reintroducing exit
checks at the border.
Windrush is the issue
that must be sorted
quickly, but the most
pressing matter for any
home secretary is the
security threat to the UK.
Mr Javid will see daily
reports from the police
and intelligence agencies
seeking to intercept the
communications of
people who are allegedly
a threat.
Then there is policing
and how to tackle rising
serious violent crime,
including a surge in fatal
stabbings. Although the
Conservatives devolved
responsibility for local
priorities to police and
crime commissioners, the
government of the day
remains the focus when
offending is increasing.
Mr Javid will also be
heavily involved in Brexit
because he must secure a
deal with Brussels on
crime and security, help
devise a new immigration
policy and ensure that the
Home Office has a
system in place to register
three million EU citizens.
The department has
struggled with the scale
of modernisation needed,
particularly on
immigration. The
National Audit Office
said that an ?enduring
challenge? was its lack
of robust data to inform
decision-making. It found
that the department had
?poor visibility? of
projects, including the
multimillion-pound
e-borders scheme, and
there was an inability to
make key decisions
because of gaps in
capability and resources.
Failure in any of its
critical projects will cause
damaging headlines, as
happened last month
when Sir Philip Rutnam,
permanent secretary,
admitted that a 2012 plan
to update criminal record
checks ?lacked realism?.
The project is almost four
years late and the costs
are �0 million more
than forecast.
Some of the problems
are down to wider
Whitehall failings, but
others are because plans
are hurriedly introduced
to cope with toxic issues.
There are signs of a
system under strain. An
inspection of asylum
claims and casework last
year found high turnover,
lengthy staffing gaps and
inexperience among new
staff. Some talked of
being pushed to the limit.
Poisoned chalice that defeated a succession of May?s predecessors
Richard Ford Home Correspondent
The departure of four Labour home
secretaries in five years was behind
Theresa May?s decision to keep a tight
grip on the Home Office when she was
in charge.
She had seen it live up to its reputation as a destroyer of ministerial careers
as three fell for political and personal
reasons. David Blunkett resigned as
home secretary in December 2004
after an email emerged showing a visa
application for his former lover?s nanny
had been fast-tracked. The email had
said ?no favours but slightly quicker?.
Mr Blunkett said that he had not been
aware of its contents and insisted that
he had done nothing wrong. An inquiry
focused on how Leoncia Casalme?s visa
was granted within weeks of her being
told that it could take up to a year.
Charles Clarke was sacked in 2006
after a scandal involving the deportation of foreign prisoners. More than
1,000 foreign prisoners had been freed
without being considered for deportation, including five convicted of sexual
offences against children, and two for
manslaughter. Mr Clarke managed to
survive the initial furore but after poor
local government election results was
sacked by Tony Blair in May 2006.
Jacqui Smith, the first female home
secretary, resigned in June 2009 after a
row over her parliamentary expenses.
Her husband had submitted a receipt to
the Commons for watching adult films.
She had also been criticised for claiming her family home as a second home
under the MPs? allowances scheme
while lodging with her sister in London.
Her political authority had waned
after two defeats in October 2008,
when she lost the battle for terrorism
suspects to be detained for up to 42 days
and lost a tug of war with Boris Johnson,
then mayor of London, over the future
of the Metropolitan Police commissioner, Sir Ian Blair.
the times | Tuesday May 1 2018
9
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News
Farmer masters new art of plane planting
ALAMY
Jack Malvern
When an East Anglian farmer was
approached with a request to bury a
military jet on his land in the name of
art he was somewhat mystified.
The farmer, who has been identified
only as Tim, said that he prefers traditional art to conceptual works but was
prepared to humour Roger Hiorns, a
former Turner Prize nominee best
known for encrusting a council flat in
copper sulphate crystals.
Tim got out his digger and excavated
two trenches four metres deep and
about 18 metres long that intersected
like a crucifix. The aircraft was lowered
in and he moved the earth back on top.
?It?s provoked a lot of thought since,?
the farmer said on The Man Who Buries
Planes on BBC Radio 4. ?The first question is, ?Why?? Usually I would say,
?It?s art.? And they would look at me
like I probably looked at Roger. I?ve
had to explain that to a lot of people
since.?
The burial in 2016 set Hiorns on
the road to an international project.
Late last year he buried a MiG-21
fighter jet in Prague in the
Czech Republic and in
February a British Aerospace model in Haarlem
in the Netherlands.
?It?s got something to
do with taking something out of the air and
putting it under the skin
of the land,? he said.
?When you say to somebody that you want to
bury an aircraft you get
Cinemagoer
ejected for
llaughing
David Sanderson Arts Correspondent
D
R
Roger Hiorns?s
Hi
?
plans, above, to
bury a Boeing 737
in Birmingham
are on hold, but
he did bury this
MiG-21 fighter jet
in the Czech
Republic last year
an incredulous laugh. What is
it all about??
He said that he
liked the idea of
taking an object
that makes people
feel anxious and
changing its nature by concealing
it underground.
?Burying planes
is a gesture towards changing
the status quo.
Changing our re-
lationship to planes.? The artist declined to identify the type of aeroplane
in East Anglia, but photographs suggest
a passenger jet resembling a British
Aerospace 125, which the RAF has used
as a navigation trainer.
Tim said that he became convinced
of the artistic value of the burial only
after he had dug the hole. ?It wasn?t
until we lowered the plane in and you
could look at the nose, something said
to me, ?I can see now?. Even my wife
said, I can see now where the weirdness
and the art starts to come together.
?My worry was we hadn?t dug it right
and the plane wouldn?t fit. It looked
very sad. It was never alive, but I
thought it was sad when we buried it.?
The location is meant to be a secret
but the artist said that it was near the
banks of the River Orwell around
Ipswich.
Tim said that he had to take special
measures to prevent metal detectorists
digging it up. ?I occasionally get a club
come on to the farm. They got most
excited there was a plane buried ?
perhaps a Second World War bomber
or something. I said, ?No, it?s a lot more
modern than that.? ?
A film-maker with Asperger?s synd
drome was removed from a screening
o
of her favourite film after laughing too
m
much.
Tamsin Parker was ?publicly humiliaated? on Sunday while watching The
G
Good, the Bad and the Ugly with her
ssister, Sabrina, as a 25th birthday treat,
aaccording to family members.
Audience members at the British
F
Film Institute on London?s South Bank
d
defended Ms Parker, who has made an
Tamsin Parker was
?forcibly removed?
from the BFI
acclaimed film challenging the ?perceptions of women with autism?. They
said she had laughed loudly but at
scenes that were supposed to be funny.
One said, however, that there had been
abusive shouts towards Ms Parker and
cheers when she was removed.
Lloyd Shepherd, an audience
member, said that as Ms Parker was
being dragged out she had said: ?I?m
sorry, I have Asperger?s?. He described
the incident as naked intolerance. The
BFI apologised yesterday for its response to the ?challenging and complex
situation?. It added: ?We got it wrong.?
10
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Tuesday May 1 2018 | the times
News
Oily fish could stave off menopause
Oliver Moody Science Correspondent
Eating oily fish such as salmon or mackerel every day may delay the menopause by several years, according to a
study of British women?s diets.
The paper also suggests that daily
servings of red meat and fresh legumes
could have a similar effect. Conversely,
crisps, vegetarianism and refined carbohydrates such as rice and pasta were
associated with an earlier menopause.
Women in Britain usually start their
menopause at about the age of 51. If it
begins in the mid-forties or earlier it is
thought to come with a greater risk of
depression, cardiovascular disease,
fragile bones and premature death.
Those who go through the menopause
at a later age face higher odds of breast,
ovarian and endometrial cancer. Much
of the variation is down to differences in
genes but some of it is influenced by
lifestyle choices.
Only a few studies have investigated
the links between diet and the menopause, however, and their findings have
mostly been contradictory, according
to Yashvee Dunneram, a postdoctoral
researcher at the University of Leeds
and the study?s lead author.
Ms Dunneram and her team analysed data on 14,172 women between
the ages of 35 and 69 living in England,
Wales and Scotland. Over the course of
four years 914 of these women went
into the menopause. One of the
strengths of the study was that it broke
down the participants? diets into 217 different food groups. Whereas papers on
diet usually rely on people?s estimates
of what they eat, these results were validated by blood tests.
The findings, which were published
in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, show that for every 90g
daily serving of oily fish that a woman
eats she can expect the menopause
between ten months and five and a half
years later than the average.
Each 189g portion of red meat, equivalent to a burger, was associated with
menopause beginning between four
months and three and a half years later.
Other foods linked to a delay included salad vegetables, dried fruits and legumes; those linked with earlier onset
were pasta, rice and soft drinks. Vegetarians tended to go through the menopause about nine months earlier than
meat-eaters. Ms Dunneram said that
GPs and dieticians might take the findings into account when advising
women approaching the menopause.
In some ways, however, the study was
not representative. The women were
drawn largely from the professional or
managerial classes, with low rates of
obesity and smoking. Nearly two in five
were vegetarians. The data was collected from 1999 to 2002, since when diets
have changed.
The small number of women who
went through the menopause during
the period also meant that it was hard to
draw definite conclusions, according to
Channa Jayasena, clinical senior lecturer in reproductive endocrinology at
Imperial College London.
?It is tempting to speculate that this
provides a recipe for delaying menopause,? Mr Jayasena said. ?Unfortunately, a big limitation of these observational studies is their inability to
prove that dietary behaviour actually
causes early menopause. Until we have
that type of proof I see no reason for
people to change their diet.?
Cheap drug is better treatment for deadly breast cancer
Kat Lay Health Correspondent
Women with a deadly form of breast
cancer would gain more benefit from a
cheap chemotherapy drug than they do
from the current treatment, according
to a study.
Researchers found that women with
a diagnosis of advanced ?triple negative? breast cancer who also had faults
in their BRCA genes ? about 2,400 a
year ? were twice as likely to find that
their tumours shrink when given carboplatin instead of the standard drug
docetaxel. The team from the Institute
of Cancer Research and King?s College
London said that they expected the
trial to change international guidelines.
Women with triple-negative breast
cancer who are young or who have a
family history of breast cancer should
be given genetic testing, they said, to
ensure that they got the best treatment.
Women with BRCA gene mutations
are far more likely to develop breast and
ovarian cancers and many choose preventative surgery to cut the risk. The
options for treating triple-negative
breast cancer are limited because the
disease does not respond to standard
hormone therapies. Advanced cases
are usually treated with chemotherapy,
but response rates have been low.
The trial, in 376 women with this type
of cancer, was designed to compare carboplatin with docetaxel because the
drugs work in different ways. Overall
the two drugs seemed to offer similar
results. Among the 43 women who also
had BRCA gene faults, however, tumours shrank in 68 per cent of the
patients treated with carboplatin, com-
pared with only 33 per cent of the
women on docetaxel. Carboplatin also
had fewer side effects. A course costs
about �000-�500 per patient. The
study is published in Nature Medicine.
6 Cancer researchers will be the first in
the UK to use an app that harnesses the
collective processing power of idle
smartphones to analyse huge amounts
of data while the phones? owners sleep.
DreamLab, created by Vodafone, will
be used by a team from Imperial College London to analyse patient data to
find more effective drug combinations.
Singer faces jail if he is
caught alone with girls
An opera singer faces up to five
years in jail if he is caught alone
with any female pupil under 18
after being accused of having an
inappropriate relationship. York
magistrates imposed a sexual risk
order on Michael Patterson, 78,
who is known as Michael De
Costa and runs an academy
there. He denies wrongdoing and
was not charged with an offence
but did not contest the order.
Primary school drops
plan to close on Fridays
A Northamptonshire primary
school that was considering
closing on Friday afternoons to
stop teacher burnout has dropped
the proposal. The head teacher
and chairman of governors at
Ashby Fields Primary School said
that parents were concerned by
the impact it would have, adding:
?We can offer our teachers more
time out of the classroom . . .
without ?burning out?.?
Russian retreats from
Maggie?s armoured bus
A Russian who
was buying a
bomb-proof bus
that Margaret
Thatcher used in
Northern Ireland
pulled out after the nerve agent
attack in Salisbury. The buyer
had paid �,000 through the
website Tanks-Alot. ?I?m not
really sure what they wanted it
for,? the owner, Nick Mead, said.
the times | Tuesday May 1 2018
11
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News
Carer who forged dying millionaire?s will ends up with �,000 bill
Frances Gibb Legal Editor
A carer who guided the pen of a dying
millionaire as he signed over almost
half his fortune to her family has been
stripped of the money and ordered to
pay legal costs of �,000.
Donna Henderson helped Marcel
Chu, a retired London banker, to make
out a will leaving two thirds of his
�million estate to her and her children.
Mr Chu had made a will in 2008 that
divided his estate between his family
and a friend. That was before the carer
?took control of his life and excluded his
siblings? in the year before he died.
The deathbed will ? dated May 9,
2014, when Mr Chu was seriously ill in
hospital and two days before he died at
the age of 73 ? added Mrs Henderson
and her children to his bequests.
However, Judge Nigel Price said that
he had ?no hesitation? in ruling that the
will was invalid. A handwriting expert
had concluded that the signature on the
will was not Mr Chu?s and the judge
ruled that the dying millionaire had
lacked mental capacity when the document was signed.
The High Court was told that Mr Chu
of South Woodford, northeast London,
had ?a relatively close relationship?
with his brothers, Allen and Stanley
Chu, and his sister, Eva Young, for most
of his life.
However, he suffered from Morvan?s
syndrome, which causes memory loss
and confusion, and he could no longer
live without assistance. It was at that
Marcel Chu hired Donna Henderson as
his carer, then she cut out his family
stage that Mr Chu hired Mrs Henderson, the court was told. ?She took control of his life and excluded his siblings,?
the judge said.
Giving his ruling, Judge Price said: ?It
may be that it is permissible for a testator to be helped in signing a document,
but the scope of such assistance must be
limited. There is a distinction between
leading and steadying the hand.?
He also ruled that Mr Chu lacked
capacity, and that the 2008 document
was his last true will.
PAUL KINGSTON/NNP; GEOFF ROBINSON PHOTOGRAPHY; TOBY MELVILLE/REUTERS
Waves crash over the
coastline in Leysdownon-Sea, Kent, while
tourists in Cambridge
don?t let the rain ruin
their day. In Richmond,
southwest London, the
Thames burst its banks
Man killed
as month of
rain falls in
24 hours
A
man died after
he was swept off
Ramsgate pier by
a huge wave (Elizabeth
Burden writes).
Kent police said that
three men were pulled
from the water amid
powerful winds and
torrential rain
yesterday, but one died
at the scene. The Royal
National Lifeboat
Institution said that the
conditions were
atrocious, with waves
crashing over the
harbour wall.
More than a month?s
worth of rain fell within
24 hours in some areas.
Fallen trees and rising
floodwater disrupted
roads in Kent, East
Anglia and London,
and several people had
to be rescued from
their cars by the
emergency services.
The most rain recorded
in a day was in
Lenham, Kent, which
had 57.6mm (2.2in) by
5pm yesterday.
Weather, page 53
is favoured choice for
Nobel literature prize may Austen
judges of bookish persuasion
be scrapped after scandal
Will Pavia New York
David Charter, August Graham
The Nobel prize for literature could be
abandoned this year or ?rolled over?
into 2019 after a third of the committee
resigned over a sexual assault scandal.
The Swedish Academy has chosen
the winner since the prize was introduced in 1901 but the husband of a
prominent member has been accused
by 18 women of assault. The remaining
members will meet on Thursday to decide whether to scrap this year?s award
or to name two winners in 2019. It
would be the first year that a winner has
not been chosen since 1943, at the
height of the Second World War.
The academy, founded in 1786, is
formed of 18 Swedish academics and
writers who are appointed for life. Six
resigned last month. They included the
poet Katarina Frostenson, who is married to Jean-Claude Arnault, 71, the
French artist at the centre of the allegations. Another two members had previously withdrawn, leaving ten.
The academy cannot elect a new
member unless an old one dies. Members usually spend the summer reading
works by five shortlisted authors before
deciding on a winner to be announced
in October. Academy members could
not agree on how to handle this year?s
award when they met last Thursday.
The sixth resignation was announced over the weekend and it was
claimed that Crown Princess Victoria
of Sweden was among Mr Arnault?s victims. A Swedish newspaper said that it
had spoken to three witnesses who saw
the Frenchman groping the princess?s
bottom at an academy event in 2006.
One witness said that he had to be
?dragged off? the heir to the throne.
The academy is accused of having
known about Mr Arnault?s behaviour
since 1996, but of having ignored complaints and funded the venue that he
runs with Ms Frostenson. It is alleged
that Mr Arnault leaked winners? names
seven times. He has denied all the
claims, which he says are rumours designed to damage him. The academy
has said that it had been told about Mr
Arnault?s behaviour but that the tipoffs ?did not seem important?.
The publicly funded broadcaster
Radio Sweden (SR) reported that one
or more of the committee members believed that the prize should be deferred.
?The reasonable thing to do would be
not to hand out the prize and instead
give out two Nobel prizes next year, one
for 2018 and one for 2019,? an academy
source told SR. ?I think that is the only
way for us to keep any prestige.?
Peter Englund, who resigned early
last month after a failed internal vote to
oust Ms Frostenson, said: ?Considering
the situation in the academy . . . perhaps
it would be best to delay the prize.?
G鰎an Malmqvist, 93, a linguist and
literary historian on the academy, said:
?We have never failed to award the
prize before, why should we miss it this
year? We have all summer to read up on
the five authors and we read quickly . . .
I?d be damned if we can?t get a Nobel
prize winner by the summer. It would
be awful if we couldn?t find one.?
Thunderer, page 22
Ruling on a protracted legal dispute
between the American Trucking Associations and the authority that operates
New York?s highways, Judge Colleen
McMahon reached for Jane Austen. ?It
is a truth universally acknowledged
that the only ?functional relationship?
between the Thruway and the canals is
that the former rendered the latter obsolete,? she wrote.
In this adaptation of the opening line
of Pride and Prejudice, Justice McMahon was very much in step with her
fellow American judges, who cite Austen more frequently than almost any
other female writer.
Harper Lee and Mary Shelley ?
whose most famous works revolve
around a crime ? are both well used in
rulings. But alongside them is Austen,
who writes of English Regency drawing
rooms. And while Lee and Shelley are
cited for a single work, judges quote
from across Austen?s oeuvre.
In a survey of legal opinions, Matthew Birkhold, an assistant professor of
law at Ohio State University, found the
first Austen citation was in 1978, from
Emma. Austen has cropped up 27 times
since in US legal decisions, he writes in
Medium, an online magazine.
Half of these opinions draw entirely
on the first line of Pride and Prejudice.
This has been adapted, sometimes
rather forcefully, for use in a medical
malpractice case, in a case involving an
infant ?unattended in a filled bathtub?
? when surely John Updike?s Rabbit,
Run would have been nearer the mark
? and in a 2008 opinion from the US
tax court: ?It is a truth universally acknowledged that a recently widowed
woman in possession of a good fortune
must be in want of an estate planner.?
Professor Birkhold writes that some
judges seem to use Austen to demonstrate their erudition ? making their
opinions Austentatious ? or to suggest
that a party in a case was vulgar,
because reported dialogue was ?not
what you would find in a Jane Austen
novel?.
But often judges show a deep
familiarity with her work. Professor
Birkhold concluded that Austen was
cited ?as an authority on the complexity of life, particularly with regard to the
intricacies of relationships?.
12
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Tuesday May 1 2018 | the times
News
GUILHEM BAKER FOR THE TIMES
Priest had child with
teenager he abused
Gabriella Swerling
Northern Correspondent
Back in the frame Sir John Soane?s portrait has been restored and returned to the architect?s London home, now a museum
A Roman Catholic priest had a relationship with a woman after he secretly
fathered a child with her teenage
daughter, a court heard.
Alan Devine, 74, had become infatuated with the girl when she attended
his convent school aged 15. She later
gave birth to his child and the baby was
given up for adoption. The woman, who
cannot be identified, initially kept quiet
about the father?s identity.
After leaving the priesthood in the
1980s Devine, who had been chaplain
at the convent school ten years earlier,
began a relationship with the woman?s
mother. The scandal emerged four
decades later when the victim, now 58,
went to the police. Her younger sister,
now 54, also came forward to say that
Devine had molested her during the
same period.
Devine, of Stockport, was convicted
after a two-week trial at Minshull
Street crown court, Manchester, of six
indecent assault offences, five against
the older daughter and one against the
younger, between 1972 and 1976.
The court heard that the older girl
had been a pupil at the former Stockport Convent School, where Devine
was appointed chaplain in 1973 aged 30.
He lived in a presbytery but was said to
be ?different? from the older, stricter
priests. He was known for shunning
cassocks in favour of regular clothing
and soon befriended the girl?s family.
The victim claimed that she had had
sex with Devine three times, including
during an encounter in his office. She
became pregnant by him aged 19.
She said: ?I was not ready to be a
mother. I had no idea I was going to be
a mother. He was a priest, he should not
have been having sex with anyone.? She
said she later had flashbacks and doctors diagnosed depression.
In a statement to the police her
younger sister recalled that Devine was
?always there? in the family home. She
said that once while aged 11 or 12 when
she was showering at a swimming pool
he had ?put his hand down my bikini
bottoms?, telling her: ?It?s fine because
I?m part of the family.? ?
She told the court that she had been
unaware that her sister was pregnant or
had a boyfriend before she gave birth.
?Mum didn?t believe her so there was a
massive divide in the family,? she added.
A family friend recalled the older girl
babysitting for her when she said that
she was in terrible pain. An emergency
doctor was called and explained that
she was about to give birth.
Devine admitted fathering the child
but claimed that the affair began after
she turned 18. He said that he was infatuated with her but when asked why he
had got into her bed he said: ?I think it
was a spur of the moment thing.?
Devine was bailed until sentencing
next month and was ordered to sign the
sex offenders register. He was cleared of
two charges of rape and various other
indecent assault allegations.
Labour suspends accused MP
Henry Zeffman Political Reporter
A Labour MP has been suspended
while he is investigated over allegations
of sexual harassment.
John Woodcock, the MP for Barrow
and Furness, had the party whip withdrawn yesterday by Jennie Formby, the
new general secretary.
It emerged over the weekend that Mr
Woodcock, 39, has been accused of
sending inappropriate messages to a fe-
male former Labour staffer between
2014 and 2016. Last December he was
made aware that the case had been referred to Labour?s national constitutional committee, but the panel decided
not to suspend him.
Yesterday Ms Formby intervened
and decided to suspend Mr Woodcock
while the investigation continues.
Mr Woodcock did not respond to a
request for comment. He has denied
the allegations.
I N T H E T I M E S T O M O R ROW
BUSINESS
DAVID SMITH
at
There?s no doubt that
as
Britain?s economy has
slowed. The only
ch
question is how much
FASHION
IT?S A
REVOLUTION
How
designers
hijacked
military
style
MAIN PAPER
PULLOUT
SPORT
STICK OR TWIST??
A tactical teaser forr
Liverpool
MAIN PAPER
COMMENT
Daniel Finkelstein Why Brexiteers
are their own worst enemy
MAIN PAPER
the times | Tuesday May 1 2018
13
2G M
News
Quiet please! Amazon meetings begin in silence
Valentine Low
The problem with business meetings is
that they involve the ambitious and the
self-important talking too much for too
long, usually at the expense of listening
to anyone else.
Not at Amazon. There, in an atmosphere more akin to a Trappist monastery than a boardroom, meetings start
with 30 minutes of silence.
Jeff Bezos, the company?s chief executive, has described what he calls the
?weird? meeting culture he has
ordained, which bans Powerpoint presentations and replaces them with
lengthy memos. In a style akin to a university tutorial, he insists on meetings
starting with a document that participants read and then discuss.
?No Powerpoints are used inside
Amazon,? Mr Bezos said in an onstage
interview at the George W Bush Presidential Center in Dallas, Texas. ?When
we hire a new executive from outside
[we warn], ?This is the weirdest meeting
culture you ever encounter?.?
He added: ?For every meeting, someone from the meeting has prepared a
Jeff Bezos has set
up ?the weirdest
meeting culture?
six-page, narratively structured memo
that has real sentences and topic sentences and verbs. It?s not just bullet
points. It?s supposed to create the context for the discussion.?
The meeting starts with everyone
reading the memo in silence, which can
take at least half an hour. Only when
everyone has read the memo does the
discussion begin. These meetings are
?so much better than the typical Powerpoint presentation for so many reasons?, Mr Bezos said. A ?brilliant and
thoughtful? memo will ?set up the
meeting for high-quality discussion?.
One of the benefits is that everyone
reads the memo, he said. ?We read in
the room. Just like high-school kids,
executives [elsewhere] will bluff their
way through the meeting as if they?ve
read the memo. So you have to carve
TMS
diary@thetimes.co.uk | @timesdiary
Caught out at
Lord?s lunch
The players? dining room at Lord?s
cricket ground has a long-held
reputation for the size of its meals.
Players never want to field after
lunch there. Now the MCC is
opening up the table to the public,
The Cricketer reports, with lunch
and a tour being offered for �.
The kitchen used to be overseen
by the fearsome Nancy Doyle,
who took on Mike Brearley, the
England captain, when he
complained that she was giving
his players too much. ?Tell you
what,? she said, ?you don?t tell me
how to feed my boys and I won?t
tell you how to bat. OK?? Not all
players were gourmands, though.
Shane Warne, the Australian spin
bowler, seldom went up to dine
but would ask for a stream of
toasted cheese sandwiches and
cigarettes to be delivered to the
dressing room.
Kevin Rudd, the former Australian
prime minister who was forced out
of office twice, was surprised to fly
into Britain yesterday and see the
front page of this paper. ?Rudd
resigns,? the headline read. ?A little
confronting,? Rudd, below, says.
?Thankfully it wasn?t me this time.?
office politics
Not only does Amber Rudd lose
her chauffeur, she must tolerate a
substantial downgrading in office
comforts. Sir Michael Fallon and
Priti Patel, who resigned last year,
were given tiny offices in the
Norman Shaw North block on the
edge of the parliamentary estate,
described as ?nearer to Covent
Garden than Central Lobby?.
Fallon was seen emerging from
the toilets with a look
of nausea ? the
drains are always
blocked ? while Patel,
who once travelled the
world, now has to do
her own washing-up.
Sajid Javid has come a long way in
only eight years as an MP. Javid told
a conference a few years ago that as
he drove home from his first
election count he said to his wife:
?Did you ever imagine in your
wildest dreams that I would be a
member of parliament?? And she
replied: ?Darling, in my wildest
dreams you don?t feature at all.?
sajid who?
How many people know who the
home secretary is, anyway? The
playwright Tom Stoppard wanted
to be a journalist in his youth and
had an interview at the Evening
Standard. He told the editor,
Charles Wintour, of his keen
interest in politics. ?All right,?
Wintour replied, ?who is the home
secretary?? Stoppard was floored,
then briskly replied: ?I said I was
interested, not obsessed.?
On his way to a Labour function in
Cardiff, Chris Bryant, MP for
Rhondda, was spotted by a group in
favour of foxhunting who, knowing
his stance on the issue and with no
fox in sight, decided to chase him
instead. Bryant told MPs that he
was rescued by the police, who
bundled him into the back of a van.
Unfortunately, he said, they then
forgot about him and he was stuck
there for four hours. ?They didn?t
forget,? insisted Alex Chalk, a Tory.
peer pressure
Yesterday marked 60 years since
the enactment of the Life Peerages
Act, which admitted what Harold
Macmillan referred to as ?day
boys? to the upper chamber
(thanks to Lord Lexden for that).
Day girls too, for women were
finally allowed to be peers, 40
years after they could sit as
MPs. Progress had been
slow. A century earlier
Lord Redesdale had
complained about
women being in the
gallery. ?They make
the House look like
a casino,? he huffed.
patrick kidd
out time so everyone has actually read
the memo ? they are not just pretending.?
He explained his approach in a
recent letter to shareholders. ?We write
narratively structured six-page memos.
We silently read one at the beginning of
each meeting in a kind of ?study hall?.
?Not surprisingly, the quality of these
memos varies widely. Some have the
clarity of angels singing. They are brilliant and thoughtful and set up the
meeting for high-quality discussion.
Sometimes they come in at the other
end of the spectrum.
?It would be extremely hard to write
down the detailed requirements that
Less talk, more thought
6 Elon Musk, the Tesla entrepreneur,
advises staff to walk out of meetings
if they go on for too long.
6 Richard Branson invites speakers
from fields such as astronomy to get
groups thinking in ?exploratory ways?.
6 Tinypulse, a software company,
starts meeting at odd times like
8.48am to ensure people remember.
6 Just Fearless, a consultancy, limits
meetings to 30 minutes after which
the chairs are removed.
make up a great memo. Nevertheless, I
find that much of the time readers react
to great memos very similarly. They
know it when they see it. The standard
is there and it is real, even if it?s not easily describable. Often, when a memo
isn?t great, it?s not the writer?s inability
to recognise the high standard but instead a wrong expectation on scope:
they mistakenly believe a high-standards, six-page memo can be written in
one or two days or even a few hours,
when really it might take a week or
more! They simply can?t be done in a
day or two . . . a great memo probably
should take a week or more.?
Leading article, page 25
14
2G M
Tuesday May 1 2018 | the times
News
News Times investigation
Trains will soon run 24 hours a
Graeme Paton Transport Correspondent
Round-the-clock trains could be introduced in Britain amid demands for a
more modern rail service, according to
the head of Network Rail.
The government-funded company
said that it was overhauling its system
of inspecting and repairing Britain?s
railway to ultimately prepare for trains
running through the night.
In an interview with The Times, Mark
Carne, chief executive, said that he
expected trains to run 24 hours a day on
the mainline network in the ?not too
distant future?.
The move follows the introduction of
a 24-hour service on five London
Underground lines in 2016 and the
recent expansion of the extended hours
to two overground lines in the capital.
Some trains also serve Gatwick and
Manchester airports at night.
Mr Carne said the railway had to become more relevant for the
21st century. More than two thirds of
the Victorian network may be fitted
with digital signalling within 15 years,
replacing trackside controls, which
would allow far more trains to operate
efficiently, he said. It was recently tri-
Mass cancellations still happen, but
Network Rail insists that there are fewer
delays caused by infrastructure failures
tomorrow
How to solve Britain?s transport problems
interactive
Send us your stories and pictures
of disrupted rail travel
On mobile, tablet and at thetimes.co.uk
In line for improvement
Crossrail
Thameslink programme
�.8bn
�n
Completion date
December 2018
(main tunnels)
Completion date
December 2018
Predicted passenger usage
200m a year
Predicted passenger
usage 40,000 extra rush
hour passengers
Aim 73-mile line through
London linking Berkshire to
the west and Essex to the east
to provide high-frequency
commuter services and
relieve pressure on the Tube
Aim Digitally controlled
line through London with
upgraded stations at
London Bridge, Farringdon
and Blackfriars to run a
train every 2.5 minutes
Building HS2 heralds
a decade of closures
Graeme Paton
Passengers using some of the busiest
railway lines face a decade of disruption
as routes are shut to construct HS2, The
Times has learnt.
Existing lines, including the busy
west coast mainline, could be forced to
shut for up to 227 weekends, almost
half, in the run up to the opening of the
line between London, Birmingham and
Crewe in 2027.
During the work, passenger trains
are likely to be cancelled, replaced by
buses or diverted onto longer routes
around the work site.
Official estimates drawn up by HS2
Ltd, the company set up by the government to oversee the construction, show
that as many as 133 weekend ?possessions? will be made of passenger lines
during the building of the first phase
between London and Birmingham.
A further 94 weekend closures may
be imposed to construct phase 2a of the
line between Birmingham and Crewe.
It means the closure of existing passenger lines for one, two or, in the case
of bank holiday weekends, three or four
Most delays
O
n
tim
(% e
)*
Hull Trains
Govia Thameslink
Virgin Trains, E Coast
Grand Central
South Western
Virgin Trains, W Coast
Great Western
Caledonian Sleeper
Transpennine Express
West Midlands Trains
CrossCountry
Northern
Southeastern
Greater Anglia
ScotRail
Heathrow Express
East Midlands Trains
Arriva Trains Wales
Chiltern
TfL Rail
London Overground
Merseyrail
C2C Rail
d
le *
el )*
nc (%
Ca
alled on the Cambrian line in Wales and
has been fitted to the Thameslink route
in central London.
However, the move to 24-hour railway services would be a significant
challenge for Network Rail. It currently
gets only a few hours a night on the
main line to carry out repairs, creating
huge tension between the company
and train operators.
MPs on the Commons public
accounts committee reported last week
that it was ?virtually impossible? for
engineers to properly upgrade part of
the Govia Thameslink Railway
network ? the biggest franchise in
Britain ? because it was used so
intensively, having a serious impact on
punctuality. The short window for
engineering work has contributed to
slipped deadlines and spiralling costs
on a number of large projects across the
country.
Network Rail has come under fire for
its performance in recent years, with
spiralling costs and delays to upgrades
such as the electrification of the Great
Western mainline.
Mr Carne joined Network Rail
following a career in the oil and gas industry. In February he announced that
he was quitting after four years in
charge, but he defended the company?s
performance and insisted that punctuality would improve when projects
such as Crossrail, linking Berkshire
with Essex, are completed. He said the
network was the most reliable it had ever been, with fewer delays caused
directly by infrastructure failures.
However, he admitted that the railway had to ?evolve to be relevant and
provide the sort of service that people
need?, including 24-hour rail services.
Mr Carne said that Network Rail was
preparing for round-the-clock services
by speeding up engineering work and
anticipating faults before they become
a problem.
The company, which is responsible
for 20,000 miles of tracks and 40,000
bridges and viaducts, has 13 multimillion-pound measurement trains, a helicopter and drones that can monitor the
network for damage to the tracks, overhead cables and ground movements.
This has already led to a ten-fold drop
in the number of broken rails over the
past decade to fewer than 100 a year.
Mr Carne said the technology would
be fitted to the front of passenger trains
to significantly increase the proportion
of the line being inspected. A trial is expected to begin next year.
?Over time what do people want
from a railway?? he said. ?They want
something that is more relevant to their
lifestyle and today people?s lifestyles
are 24-hour. If you look at the success of
the Night Tube in London, it is an
example of how if you provide a
different service, people use it.
?If you have a 24-hour Tube, it is not
going to be long before people want 24hour availability of rail systems. So we
have to be one step ahead of the game.
?I am anticipating that my customers
? the train operating companies ?
will come to me in the not-too-distant
future and tell me they want to run 24hour trains. And I have got to be prepared for that and that?s why we?re
thinking today about what that would
look like. It comes back to the theme of
looking one step ahead so that you?re
not caught out.?
A spokeswoman for the Rail Delivery
Group, which represents train operators, said: ?In their long-term plan, rail
companies have committed to doing
more for communities, customers and
the economy. Train companies will
consider timetable changes where
there is demand, where it will boost
night-time economies and improve
transport interchanges.?
76.6
81.3
81.5
83.8
84.3
84.2
85.5
85.7
86.3
87.5
87.7
88.2
88.7
88.9
89.5
90.7
91.9
92.2
92.6
93.4
94.4
94.9
95.3
8.0
6.2
6.8
6.4
4.4
6.3
4.6
n/a
6.0
3.7
4.9
2.5
3.4
3.3
n/a
2.1
2.3
3.0
1.8
3.1
3.0
2.0
2.3
* Trains on time (within five mins for short distance
and ten minutes for long distance trains)
** Trains cancelled or delayed by 30 mins or more
the times | Tuesday May 1 2018
15
2G M
News
News
day, says head of Network Rail
Edinburgh-Glasgow
improvement programme
Great Western
upgrade
Great North
Rail Project
Delays give operators
�0m a year profit
HS2
�2m
�n
Up to �bn
�.7bn
Completion date
March 2019
Completion date
2019
Completion date
2022
Predicted passenger
usage 30% increase
in capacity
Predicted passenger
usage 90m passengers
a year
Aim New electrified line
between Edinburgh and
Glasgow, new Edinburgh
Gateway station and
redevelopment of seven
other stations
Aim Electrifying line from
London to Cardiff,
modernising Reading and
Paddington and further
track improvements in
biggest upgrade to
Brunel?s line in 150 years
Predicted passenger
usage 15m extra
passengers
a year
Completion date
2026 (to Birmingham)
2033 (Leeds/Manchester)
days at a time. A total of 370 days of
work is outlined by the estimates.
Last night, HS2 insisted that the
figures constituted ?high level? early
estimates of the impact of HS2. It said
that a final schedule would be published this year and it was likely that the
total number of rail closures would be
cut. The company also said that closures would be combined with other
engineering work being undertaken by
Network Rail on the same lines to keep
disruption at a minimum.
Nevertheless, the estimates underline the scale of the disruption caused
by building the � billion line.
Under the present plans, the line will
be built between London and Birmingham by the end of 2026 and then to
Crewe by 2027. The Crewe link ensures
that HS2 trains can run on to the west
coast mainline to Liverpool, Manchester and Scotland.
A second stage ? phase 2b ? will
create a full Y-shaped network to carry
the line to Manchester in one direction
and the East Midlands, Sheffield and
Leeds in the other. This is expected to
be completed by 2033.
Ministers insist that HS2 is needed to
provide more capacity on Britain?s main
north-south railway route and ease
pressure on the west coast mainline.
However, in the short term that line,
which is used by operators including
Virgin Trains, West Midlands Trains
Aim Addresses
pinch-points across
northern England
including upgrade of
Liverpool Lime Street,
Manchester-Preston line
and Transpennine line
from Manchester to Leeds
and CrossCountry, will bear the brunt
of disruption. HS2 is expected to shave
an hour off the rail journey between
London and Manchester and cut halfan-hour off travel times between the
capital and Birmingham. It is also expected to create space for 300,000 passengers a day on the line.
The government?s case for the
project suggests there will be �30
worth of economic benefits for every �spent on the line, although the estimate
in 2012 was �50.
According to HS2 estimates, the construction of phase 1 will close the west
coast mainline for up to 50 weekends
around Euston or around Handsacre,
Staffordshire, plus up to 33 weekend
closures of the Great Western mainline
at Old Oak Common, west London.
Other routes affected include the Chiltern line and the railway linking Derby
and Birmingham and Coventry and
Leamington Spa.
A spokesman for HS2 said: ?We aim
to keep passenger disruption to a minimum . . . We are currently working with
our contractors to refine and develop
our detailed construction plans.
?We also work closely with our industry partners, so that, wherever possible, we work on days when the railway
is already closed for Network Rail
maintenance. Together, this will help
significantly reduce impacts for the
travelling public.?
Predicted passenger
usage 110m a year
Aim 250mph line
between London,
Midlands and northern
England to create extra
capacity on main
north-south corridor,
easing pressure on west
coast mainline
Q& A
Who runs the railways?
British Rail, which
previously ran the entire
system, was privatised by
the Conservatives in the
mid-1990s and split into
three parts. Network Rail,
which is state-funded,
operates and maintains the
tracks and the biggest
stations. Private operators
run the trains and smaller
stations under 20
franchises signed with the
government. The trains are
mainly owned and leased to
operators by private rolling
stock companies. It is all
overseen by the
Department for Transport in
England or the devolved
governments in Scotland
and Wales.
So it all works fine then?
Not everyone thinks so.
Passenger numbers are
certainly up (having
doubled since privatisation),
Graeme Paton, Leila Haddou
Train companies make up to �0 million a year in ?profits? from disruption
on Britain?s railway, analysis has shown.
Figures reveal that over the past five
years rail operators collected �5 million more in compensation from Network Rail for unplanned infrastructure
failures than they passed on to compensate passengers for delays.
Commuter networks in the southeast of England benefited most.
It recently emerged that only a third
of passengers eligible for compensation
under the government?s reimbursement scheme for delays made claims.
Ministers have pledged to make improvements, including urging rail companies to make greater use of automatic
repayments and cutting the delay
threshold before passengers become
eligible for refunds. However, passenger groups say that too many companies still failed to advertise compensation properly, insisting that it remains a
?clunky? process for travellers.
According to Network Rail?s figures,
in the past year 3.9 per cent of trains ?
an average of 936 a day ? were cancelled or delayed by more than an hour,
the usual threshold for a full refund.
The Times has learnt that the rail regulator considered plans to link train
company compensation with payments made to passengers last year but
decided that it would not work. The
Office of Rail and Road is now working
on proposals to make Network Rail pay
higher rates of compensation to train
operators if it gives short notice of
planned engineering work.
Andy McDonald, the shadow transport secretary, said that the figures
strengthened Labour?s case for the railways to be renationalised. ?Privatisation is increasingly undermining public
faith and trust in the railway,? he said.
?There can be no justification for train
companies cynically withholding
record sums are being
spent upgrading the
historically underfunded
network (� billion in the
past five years) and it is one
of the safest railways in
Europe. The main gripe is
that the system is
fragmented and inefficient,
making it expensive.
Network Rail and the train
companies have been
known to blame each other
when things go wrong.
Critics claim that
fragmentation wastes
money and drives up fares.
So why not bring back
British Rail?
Labour is proposing to do
exactly that (although they
are likely to call the
renationalised company
GB Rail because of the toxic
reputation of the old BR).
The party believes that train
franchises can be brought
back in-house when their
deals expire. Jeremy
Corbyn says that running
the tracks and trains under
one body (and stopping
private companies taking
�0 million a year in compensation
due to passengers.?
Alex Hayman, managing director of
public markets at Which?, the consumer group, said: ?Train companies that
are dragging their feet on making it
simple for passengers to claim the
money they are owed should now
introduce automatic compensation
and make it available to all passengers
and ticket categories.?
Companies are compensated by Network Rail for planned engineering
work that affects their business. Such
Schedule 4 payments were worth
�1.5 million in 2016-17, almost three
times the amount five years earlier. A
second pot, Schedule 8, compensates
companies for unplanned disruption.
The Times analysed net income from
the Schedule 8 scheme over the past
five years and compared it to sums paid
out to passengers for disruption under
the government?s ?delay repay?
scheme. This typically gives travellers a
50 per cent refund for delays of at least
half an hour, rising to a full refund for
sudden cancellations and delays of an
hour. Some companies have also introduced 25 per cent refunds for delays of
more than 15 minutes.
Rail operators made almost
�4.5 million over five years from compensation paid by Network Rail but
paid out �9.3 million to compensate
passengers. In 2016-17, operators made
�.2 million more than they paid out,
up from �.3 million a year earlier.
A spokeswoman for the Rail Delivery
Group, which represents train companies, said that it was wrong to compare
the two forms of compensation. ?The
payments are to compensate train
operators for fewer people travelling as
a result of delays and disruption, which
leads to lost revenue,? she said. ?They
are entirely separate and different from
customer refunds, which are paid by
train operators to those who do travel
and experience delays.?
their average profit of 3 per
cent) would make the
whole thing more efficient,
bring down costs and allow
everyone to enjoy cheaper
travel.
And the Tories don?t
agree?
To put it mildly. The
Conservative Party has its
own reform plan. It admits
that the present system
needs to work better and
wants all future franchises
to be rewritten to force
Network Rail and the train
operator to create teams,
working together to
co-ordinate engineering
work.
In Scotland this has
already been done through
the ScotRail Alliance
(between Network Rail and
the Dutch-owned operator
Abellio). The test case in
England will be on the
Southeastern route,
followed by the Midland
Mainline.
Anything else?
The government also wants
to reduce costs to the
taxpayer and create more
competition for Network
Rail.
Previously it was simple:
Network Rail built
everything, even if it went
over budget. From next
year private companies will
be invited to draw up their
own plans for new railway
lines.
The first is likely to be a
southern rail link into
Heathrow. The companies
will be expected to fund,
build and run the lines,
making their money back
through track charges
levied on the companies
that use them to run trains.
This, the theory goes, will
expand the railway while
reducing taxpayer
exposure. In addition, while
billions has been promised
for day-to-day maintenance
of the railway, cash for most
major upgrades will be
released case by case when
they have been properly
costed and planned; thus, in
theory, preventing big
budget overruns.
16
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Tuesday May 1 2018 | the times
News
News Times investigation
HIGH LEVEL/REX/SHUTTERSTOCK
Spy in the sky
helps ageing
railways to
stay on track
Special trains, futuristic
gadgets and even an air
force spot faults to keep
the network running,
Graeme Paton writes
Britain?s railway network is the oldest
and one of the busiest in the world. So
it is little surprise that when something
goes wrong, people know about it.
Lots of people. It is not hard to find
examples of how a single, seemingly
innocuous fault can cause chaos on a
network expected to carry more than
4.6 million passengers a day.
Reports logged in the past few
months alone show that a single power
outage in West Sussex, which knocked
out the supply to signalling for just over
half an hour, caused the cancellation or
diversion of 518 trains.
A week earlier, two faults to a power
line on consecutive days in Willesden,
northwest London, led to the cancellation of 335 trains.
Network Rail is investing record
sums in technology designed to
anticipate faults before they happen.
The taxpayer-funded company, which
is responsible for maintaining and
operating Britain?s 20,000-mile railway
network, has built up an arsenal of
high-tech gadgets that are employed to
survey the network continually and
detect rails, points, power connections
and overhead lines on the verge of
packing up.
At the front line are 13 inspection
trains, including a converted Intercity
125 that carries a range of onboard
equipment and cameras. Nicknamed
the ?flying banana? because of its bright
yellow livery, it can scan lines at up to
125mph and relays any imperfections to
engineers. Network Rail is aiming to fit
scaled-down versions of this equipment on normal passenger trains.
At the centrepiece of the mammoth
operation is Network Rail?s own air
service ? a helicopter and a small fleet
of drones ? which is tasked with
surveying the railway from above. It is
not cheap. The helicopter alone costs
about �4 million a year to operate but,
according to the company, carries out
an average of 380 inspections a year,
apparently preventing as many as
616 hours? worth of delays caused by
faults that otherwise would not have
been spotted.
It has been deployed to film trespassers on the line and gather evidence of
cable thefts to bring successful prosecutions against offenders. Pictures taken
from the helicopter are even used to
create an ultra-high definition Google
maps-style library. It uses 30 million
images covering 90 per cent of the
network, which is used to inform work
on the line.
It is not hard to see the benefit of
early intervention. Data from Network
Rail shows that track faults, including
broken rails, cumulatively caused
11,883 hours of delays on the railway in
2016-17, with signalling and powersupply failures blamed for 8,930 hours
and points failures 7,343 hours.
Mark Carne, chief executive, said: ?It
is about intervening and going in and
fixing it before it becomes a problem. A
measure of how successful this sort of
approach is, is that ten years ago we
would have had about 1,000 broken
rails a year and today we have fewer
than 100. It is a tenfold improvement in
that aspect of safety.?
I recently took a trip with the twoperson helicopter team ? a pilot and
camera operator ? as they took off
The helicopter flies at 1,000ft above routes including those into London Bridge to spot potential faults for engineers to fix
from Rochester airport in Kent to
survey the line between Dartford and
London Bridge. The route takes in what
was the old London and Greenwich
railway, the first steam-powered line in
the capital, which was opened to
passenger services in 1838. It is certainly showing its age.
A recent Network Rail report acknowledged that the line was ?incredibly fragile with an ongoing potential for
low-frequency, high-impact failures?.
Trains using the line, one of the busiest
in the country, are run by Southeastern
and take their power from an electrified
third rail; a feature of older commuter
lines.
The helicopter, an AS355 Twin
Squirrel, flies at about 1,000ft and
surveys the line at 70mph using a highdefinition thermal imaging camera to
spot possible faults. Each potential
problem (a piece of lineside equipment,
third rail or overhead line will overheat
before failing) is logged and relayed to
engineers for further inspection or
repair. The helicopter can also be kitted
out with high-definition video and a
laser rangefinder to pinpoint the exact
location of a fault.
On the 40-mile round trip seven
potential faults were found, each with
the potential to cause chaos. Almost all
are ?hook switches?, which feed power
to sections of the third rail and are
prone to faults because of a build-up of
dirt or a loose connection.
Emma Taylor, a national aerial
survey specialist, who controlled the
imaging equipment, said: ?We are flying over an intensively used line where
it?s not easy to get track access; that?s the
real benefit of this. We can inspect up to
200 miles a day. That?s potentially a lot
of faults that would have been much
harder to find.?
How we compare
In Japan,
perfection is
the standard
F
or the Metropolitan
Intercity Railway
Company of Japan, it
was a moment of
humiliation (Richard
Lloyd Parry writes). Staff
members were reprimanded;
a public apology was put out.
The Tsukuba Express
scheduled to leave MinamiNagareyama at 9.44.40am
one day last November had
instead pulled out at 9.44.20
? a devastating 20 seconds
ahead of time.
This is the world of rail
travel in Japan. For those
accustomed to British public
transport it is like passing
through the rabbit hole into
cleanliness, efficiency and
punctuality, in which delays
are measured in seconds and
perfection is the standard.
In this densely populated
country, well-run trains are
an essential national asset.
From the shinkansen ?bullet
train? to the intricately
interlocking lines of the
Tokyo subway, Japan?s trains
are as central to its culture as
sushi and the kimono.
Yet, the first railways built
and run by British experts in
the late 19th century were
late and accident prone. ?The
British engineers and
managers were angry at how
lazy Japanese people were,?
Naofumi Nakamura, a
historian at Tokyo University,
said. The government took
matters in hand,
nationalising the biggest
companies in 1906 and
standardising operational
manuals and gauge widths.
The railways were
reprivatised in 1987, but the
government still contributes
the lion?s share for building
lines. Railway companies are
often part of diversified
conglomerates, and this is
also one of the secrets of
their success. A salaryman
may live in a flat owned by a
Tokyu company, commute on
its trains and buy his food at
a Tokyu shop in the station
where he alights. Tokyu may
not turn a large profit on its
railway, but it funnels
customers from one branch
of its business to another.
All change
for French
subsidies
B
eset by strikes and
dissatisfaction,
France?s railways
are wallowing in
disgrace this spring.
Yet for cost and quality the
SNCF state monopoly is still
ahead of Britain?s network
(Charles Bremner writes).
Indeed, to whip up fear
over President Macron?s rail
reforms, the unions claim
that he is planning to follow
the notorious British model.
The French network?s
excellence is symbolised by
the TGV high-speed trains
that have shrunk the map.
Running at up to 190mph,
they put the Mediterranean
just over three hours from
Paris. This network of nearly
2,000 miles of dedicated lines
is rightly a source of national
pride, but its vast costs are
blamed for a steady decline
in service on intercity and
regional lines. For nearly
four decades investment has
gone to the TGV at the
expense of other services.
Paris commuters face
constant delays caused by
ageing equipment that would
be familiar to those in the
southeast of England, and
one in five rush-hour trains is
delayed in the ProvenceAlpes-C魌e d?Azur region.
The consolation for French
commuters is that season
tickets are less expensive
than those in Britain.
There is no mystery over
the price difference. The rail
system is subsidised annually
by about ?200 per person
and it still loses ?3 billion a
year. The government is
attempting to remedy this by
turning the SNCF into a
viable commercial operator
as France belatedly opens its
rails to competition. The
unions claim that underused
lines will be shut and services
cut if the state does not keep
its subsidised monopoly.
French railways fell from
fourth to seventh best in
Europe in the latest ranking
by the Boston Consulting
Group. Switzerland remained
top and Britain remained
steady at eighth place, top of
the ?second tier? networks.
the times | Tuesday May 1 2018
17
2G M
News
Gilliam?s Quixote faces final windmill
AMAZON STUDIOS
David Sanderson Arts Correspondent
It has famously been described as
?unfilmable?. Now that it is finally in the
can, however, it may end up being
impossible to screen.
Terry Gilliam?s epic mission to film
and show Cervantes? Don Quixote,
which has taken eight attempts and a
third of his life, is in danger of being
derailed again by a legal dispute.
The Cannes film festival, which has
selected The Man Who Killed Don Quixote for its prestigious closing slot,
yesterday attacked a Portuguese film
producer who is seeking to ban the
screening and halt its release.
Paulo Branco will claim in a Paris
court on Monday, on the eve of the festival, that his company, and not Gilliam,
owns the rights to the film.
Gilliam, a former member of Monty Python and an acclaimed director based in London, argues that
Mr Branco lost his stake in the film
when he failed to raise enough
money for its production.
Gilliam said recently that Mr
Branco?s demands were ?absurd?
and claimed that ?he is trying to make as much
money as he possibly can
from a film he did not
produce?.
The president and director of the Cannes film
festival said yesterday
that the festival ?stood
squarely on the side of
film-makers and in
particular on the side of
Terry Gilliam?. ?We know
Terry Gilliam, left, finally filmed Don Quixote at the eighth
attempt, starring Adam Driver and Jonathan Pryce
how important this
project, which has
gone through so
many trials and
tribulations, is to
him,? Pierre Lescure and Thierry
Fr閙aux said in a
joint
statement.
?The troubles were
caused on this last occasion by the
actions of a producer who has shown
his true colours once and for all during
this episode and who has threatened us,
via his lawyer, with a ?humiliating
defeat?. Defeat would be to succumb to
threats.?
In a reference to the Russian director
Kirill Serebrennikov and the Iranian
director Jafar Panahi, they added that
at a time when two film-makers whose
films would be shown at the festival
were under house arrest ?it is more
important than ever to remember that
artists need us to support them, not
attack them?.
Gilliam?s journey to Cannes has been
eventful. The torturous saga of filming
Cervantes? novel was captured in the
2002 documentary Lost in La Mancha,
which showed floods destroying the set
and the lead actor Jean Rochefort being
airlifted to hospital. Various actors
including Ewan McGregor, John Hurt
and Robert Duvall have been linked to
the project over the decades.
Since the disbanding of Monty
Python Gilliam has directed other
acclaimed films, including Twelve Monkeys, which won a best supporting actor
Golden Globe for Brad Pitt, and Brazil,
which won two Baftas.
In an interview with The Times last
year Gilliam, 77, said that shooting his
latest attempt in Spain last year ? with
Jonathan Pryce playing a version of the
deluded knight from the 17th-century
novel alongside the Star Wars actor
Adam Driver ? had left him in ?terrible
shape?.
He said that private screenings ?went
terribly well? although he admitted
that he still felt trepidation. ?Is it good
enough? Is it worthy of 25 years of my
life?? he asked.
The trailer for The Man Who Killed
Don Quixote hints at the parallels
between Gilliam and Cervantes? hero,
who embarks on a series of doomed
missions. The trailer begins with the
caption: ?Some people say I am mad,
that I am just obsessed by my illusions.?
Business chief,
90, saved from
Tube track
Elizabeth Burden
A 90-year-old former captain of industry narrowly escaped death after he was
allegedly pushed in front of a train on
the London Underground.
Sir Robert Malpas, a former chairman of ICI and Eurotunnel, was left on
the tracks at Marble Arch station after
the unprovoked attack last Friday until
Riyad El-Hassani, 24, jumped down to
hoist him back on to the platform.
?As I approached the Tube line, I
could hear panicking, screaming and
running,? Mr El-Hassani, who works at
the Dorchester Hotel in Mayfair, told
the Daily Mail. ?I thought it was a
terrorist attack. As I ran, I saw an
elderly man in the middle of the underground track.
?I could see the train coming very
quickly. I barely stopped to think and
jumped down on to the track. I threw
him on to the platform like a sack of
potatoes. The man was bleeding a lot,
there was blood coming from his face.?
London Ambulance Service confirmed that it had treated a man and
took him to a major trauma centre. Sir
Robert, who lives in Wandsworth,
southwest London, remains in hospital
with a severe cut to his face.
Paul Crossley, 46, from Leyton, east
London, appeared at Westminster
magistrates? court yesterday on two
charges of attempted murder. He will
appear at Blackfriars crown court on
May 29.
18
1G M
Tuesday May 1 2018 | the times
News
Complacency blamed as asthma deaths rise by a fifth
Chris Smyth Health Editor
Deaths from asthma are up by more
than 20 per cent in four years as complacency over the condition leaves Britain with one of the worst records in
Europe, analysis reveals.
The country has the sixth worst
asthma death rate in Europe, with four
people dying of the condition every day,
official figures show. More than five
million people in Britain have asthma
and campaigners said that because the
condition is so common doctors and
even patients themselves fail to realise
it can suddenly turn fatal.
Germany, Finland and other coun-
tries have cut deaths by making it a priority for GPs, while in Britain basic care
is neglected and guidelines routinely
ignored, Asthma UK said.
In 2015, 1,434 people in Britain died of
asthma, up from 1,151 in 2011. Accounting for a rising population, death rates
have risen 21 per cent to 2.21 deaths per
100,000 people. Britons are more than
twice as likely to die of asthma than
people in Bulgaria, Slovakia, Italy and
the Netherlands, according to Eurostat.
Even though asthma is more common in Sweden, death rates there are a
third lower while in Germany, which
was already doing better than Britain in
2011, death rates have since fallen by
11 per cent. Samantha Walker, director
of research at Asthma UK, said: ?People
still think ?it?s only asthma?.? She said
good care was ?not rocket science?, but
basics such as inhaler checks and
annual reviews were being neglected as
the NHS got busier.
The charity has previously found
that one in six asthmatics rates their
care as poor and Dr Walker said that
they and their doctors did not realise
that even mild asthma could spiral
quickly out of control. ?People with
asthma are sometimes complacent
themselves,? she said. ?The harrowing
[deaths] are in people who just had mild
disease but find themselves calami-
tously unwell very suddenly.? The findings suggest little has changed in the
NHS since a review by the Royal College of Physicians concluded four years
ago that two thirds of asthma deaths
could have been prevented by better
care. Mark Levy, the GP who wrote that
review, said this year that NHS bosses
had ignored most of his recommendations.
Cathy Worboys, whose 19-year-old
daughter, Holly, died from an asthma
attack in 2016, urged people to take the
condition more seriously. ?Holly had
asthma from a young age but it was
mild, so it was a huge shock when she
appeared at my bedroom door after a
night out saying she couldn?t breathe,?
she said. ?She went into the garden to
try and catch her breath while I got her
inhaler. By the time I got outside, she
was unconscious.?
6 People who grew up in cities may be
more susceptible to physiological stress
because they have been less exposed to
animal-borne microbes. Contact with a
wide range of bugs is thought to train
the body?s defences not to over-react to
signs of danger. In a study published in
PNAS, scientists at Ulm University in
Germany subjected young men to a
stressful test and found those who had
grown up on farms showed a lower
inflammatory response.
BPM MEDIA
St
Stag hunt Thieves cut a 200kg, �,000 bronze
from
its plinth at Horninghold Hall, Leicestershire
fr
Terror suspect denies
d i encouraging attack on prince
An alleged supporter of Islamic State
has denied encouraging an attack on
Prince George by posting details of
his school on the encrypted
messaging app Telegram. Husnain
Rashid, 32, from Nelson, Lancashire,
is accused of using the profile ?Lone
Mujahid? to encourage terrorism. He
is alleged to have sent information to
an Isis fighter in Syria on how to
make explosives and shoot down
aircraft, and is accused of trying to
join Isis in Syria. Mr Rashid, a web
designer, is accused of posting a
photograph of the prince, the address
of his school and a silhouette of a
jihadist captioned: ?Even the royal
family will not be left alone.? The
Telegram channel analysed an attack
on a stadium in Istanbul, showing
how it could be replicated at British
football grounds. Mr Rashid faces
three charges of preparing acts of
terrorism, one of encouraging
terrorism, two of disseminating
terrorist publications and one under
the Regulation of Investigatory
Powers Act, all of which he denied at
Woolwich crown court yesterday. He
is expected to face trial this month.
Prison officer had relationship with violent inmate
A prison officer had a relationship
with an inmate and sent him
messages on a phone hidden in
his cell. Shauna Cleary, 25, gave
her number to Kurt Jarman, 22,
serving ten years for robbing
and attacking a 77-year-old
man in Powys in 2015. Cardiff
crown court heard that
Cleary, right, was working at
Parc prison, run by G4S in
Bridgend, south Wales, from
August 2016 to November
last year. Joanna James, for
the prosecution, said
analysis revealed that
Jarman had called Cleary in August
2017 and the relationship ?gained
momentum?. She was arrested and
her phone and laptop were seized.
Cleary, from Pontypridd, admitted
misconduct in public office. Judge
Daniel Williams said that she had
been ?terribly compromised and
vulnerable to being
manipulated?. He gave her a
16-week suspended sentence
and ordered her to do 15 days
of rehabilitation activity.
Jarman admitted possessing a
phone in prison and was jailed
for a further six months.
Boy, 13, turns professional
at Fortnite video game
Big bar chains ?serving
drinks with less alcohol?
A 13-year-old boy has become the
youngest professional player of
Fortnite, the popular video game with
150 million players worldwide. Kyle
Jackson, from Kent, who goes by the
screen name Mongraal, will play for
Team Secret with two Norwegians
and one Latvian, all in their late teens
or early twenties. Jackson, who will
get a share of any prize money, said
his parents would take him abroad for
competitions. ?I?m doing very well in
pretty much every subject so they?re
not really worried,? he told the BBC.
Cocktails at Britain?s largest bar
chains are weaker than some might
think, according to an investigation
by a Channel 4 programme. Tricks of
the Restaurant Trade identified Slug
and Lettuce, All Bar One and Las
Iguanas as bars that serve less than
two units of alcohol per drink, which
it said was below industry standards.
A pi馻 colada at a Slug and Lettuce
was found to contain less than a unit.
The programme, which is the subject
of a legal complaint, was scheduled to
be broadcast last night.
the times | Tuesday May 1 2018
19
2G M
News
GUY BELL/ALAMY; TATE
Meeting point between
great minds makes for
rather a dull exhibition
Visual art
Rachel Campbell-Johnston
Shape of light
Tate Modern
HHIII
Big revolutions don?t come around
often, but in the early 19th century,
two pitched up at once. Abstraction
and photography, like a pair of
proverbial buses, rolled into the art
world and then continued to follow
one another, interweaving their way
along similar routes. They have
picked up and dropped off a
succession of artistic ideas ? cubism,
surrealism, minimalism, op art ? as
they progressed.
Tate Modern curators have for a
long time been keen to emphasise this
correlation. It sometimes seems that
scarcely a show can be staged without
a section being devoted specifically to
the subject.
Now, however, in Shape of Light: 100
Years of Photography and Abstract Art
this intertwining of influences
becomes the principal matter.
?Why should the inspiration that
comes from an artist?s manipulation
of the hairs of a brush be any
different from that of the artist who
bends at will the rays of light?? This
question sets the agenda as you enter
to find abstracts by Kandinsky,
Mondrian and Braque hung beside
their photographic counterparts.
From then on, curators
determinedly pursue a shared history.
The camera works within and
around the concerns of painters,
sculptors and designers as,
experimenting with composition or
perspective or focus, exaggerating
angle or texture or contrast, playing
with collages or chemigrams or digital
techniques, it develops an
independent but related photographic
language.
The photographer, curators argue,
is capable of anything from the
simplest line ?drawing? to the
creation of an entire experience. You
walk out of this show through the
shimmering installation, A Rock is a
River, created this year.
This might make the exhibition
historically interesting for
photographic enthusiasts. Here is an
opportunity to study anything from
Pierre Dubreuil?s 1911 interpretation
of cubism, through Brassa�s graffiti
images or Laszlo Moholy-Nagy?s
geometric transparencies, to Bill
Brandt?s body-part blow-ups on a
pebbled beach. Many little-known
The latest in Maya Rochat?s A Rock is a River series provides a shimmering exit
to the show of photography and abstract art such as Kandinsky?s Swinging, 1925
Police scour German riverbank in
hunt for toddler missing since 1981
David Charter Berlin
Military police officers looking for a
British toddler who disappeared on her
second birthday 36 years ago are to
undertake a ?major forensic search? on
a German riverbank near where she
was last seen.
Katrice Lee vanished from the Naafi
shopping centre in Schloss Neuhaus,
Paderborn, close to the British military
base where her father was stationed for
the army, on November 28, 1981. She
was on a shopping trip with her mother.
Despite a vast search effort by the
Royal Military Police (RMP), German
police, British troops and volunteers,
the trail went cold. Her case was reopened in 2012 by the RMP, which said
that it would carry out a dig on the
banks of the River Alme in the western
German city using a team of military
personnel and civilian forensic experts.
A re-analysis of evidence gathered
during the original investigation pinpointed the river as an area of interest,
Katrice Lee as a toddler and as she
might appear now at the age of 38
33
Schloss
Neuhaus
Site of new
excavation
Katrice Lee
disappeared
in Nov 1981
1
Alme
river
GERMANY
Paderborn
One mile
t force said. Richard O?Leary, senior
the
iinvestigating officer for the RMP, ren
newed an appeal for information about
a man seen at the shopping centre putting a child matching the toddler?s
description into a green saloon car.
?A green saloon car was also seen on
the River Alme bridge near the Naafi
the day after Katrice disappeared . . . we
are very keen to identify this car,? he
added.
Investigators believe that the possibility remains that Katrice is still alive,
now aged 38, having been abducted and
raised with no memory of her early
years. She was born with a distinctive
condition in her left eye that would
have required two medical operations.
?Thirty-six years have passed and
allegiances may have changed,? Mr
O?Leary said. ?We are appealing to
members of the public and the military
community, including veterans and retired civil servants in both Germany
and the UK: do you know what happened to Katrice? An age progression
image of what Katrice may look like
now, aged 38, has been produced. If
anyone feels they know someone who
looks like this, or believes they could be
Katrice, then we would encourage
them to come forward.?
Katrice?s parents, Richie and Sharon
Lee, have always believed that she was
taken as a surrogate child for another
family and is still alive.?For the next five
weeks it is going to be as though my
family are walking on egg shells,? said
Mr Lee, 68, who will travel to Germany
this week.
?Until such a time as the excavation is
completed, in reality, we are still back at
day one. I have my belief that she did
not leave the Naafi on her own.
?I have always said someone picked
her up and walked off with her. We have
always believed that it was as a surrogate child. But now this situation has
confronted us we have got to see this
investigation out. Hopefully they don?t
find anything, which leaves them free
to pursue other avenues.?
Father who murdered girl ?should have killed himself?
John Simpson Crime Correspondent
The wife of an antiques dealer jailed for
life for murdering their daughter said
that she questions why he did not kill
himself rather than their ?beautiful,
loving? seven-year-old child.
Robert Peters, 56, was jailed for a
minimum of 24 years yesterday for
killing Sophia in her bedroom with a
dressing gown cord in November. He
had been depressed and had twice at-
tempted suicide after ending a two-year
affair with a married woman and returning to his family.
Sophia?s mother, Krittiya Peters, said
in a statement read to the Old Bailey at
his sentencing: ?I would give anything I
have to be able to bring my daughter
back. I could not believe what
happened.?
Mrs Peters said she had at first been
concerned about her husband?s mental
health. ?Now I no longer worry about
him,? she said. ?I don?t care about him as
he killed our beautiful daughter.
?I always think to myself, ?If Robert
was ill, why didn?t he kill himself? Why
did he kill my innocent daughter??
Peters, a specialist in Oriental antiques, killed his daughter at their home
in Wimbledon, southwest London, on
November 3. A month earlier a report
by a child protection team from Merton
council had found that he was not a risk
to her. On the morning that she died,
Sophia had been due to return to her
�000-a-term boarding school.
Peters went to trial claiming manslaughter by reason of diminished
responsibility but confessed to murder
on the third day. Jailing him for life with
a minimum term of 24 years, Mr Justice
Edis said: ?It is impossible to imagine
the last few conscious minutes of that
child?s life. She was a lovely little girl
who loved her parents and thought that
they loved her.?
talents are included. A series of
blurred Polaroids created by Man Ray
swinging a camera about wildly in his
studio are brought together for the
first time since they were taken.
Homage is paid to a landmark 1960
Museum of Modern Art exhibition of
abstract photography in New York.
This is the most extensive show to
be staged on this subject. Yet it
increasingly comes to feel like an
academic essay as it doggedly
progresses, meticulously hammering
each argument home.
I have never looked at so many
images of dots, squiggles and slits,
spirals and puckers, rumples and
apertures without having a clue what
I was meant to be feeling.
And to be perfectly frank, I found it
extremely dull.
The exhibition runs from May 2
to Oct 14
Sounds of
sea life could
help revive reef
Ben Webster Oceans Correspondent
Fish can be attracted back to damaged
coral reefs by playing them recordings
of snapping shrimps, a study has found.
Coral reef animals produce sounds to
communicate while hunting, to warn of
the approach of predators and to
impress each other in courtship. These
can be heard by fish for miles around,
and baby fish looking for a home follow
the noise of what marine biologists
have called ?the coral reef orchestra?.
Scientists recorded noise levels on
the northern Great Barrier Reef in
2012, when the reef was healthy, and
again in 2016 after it had been severely
damaged by two cyclones and a mass
bleaching, when higher sea temperatures turned it ghostly white. Damaged
reefs typically emit noise at only a quarter of the volume of a healthy reef.
The team from Exeter and Bristol
universities built experimental reefs
from coral rubble on sand flats and used
underwater loudspeakers to broadcast
the sound of healthy or damaged reefs.
The sound of damaged reefs attracted
40 per cent fewer fish. This could delay
the recovery of damaged reefs because
fish remove algae, helping coral grow.
Steve Simpson, a marine biologist at
the University of Exeter and co-author
of the study in Proceedings of the
National Academy of Sciences, said: ?In
the last few years the reefs we know and
love have died before our eyes. If the
reefs have gone quiet, then the chances
of the next generation of fish recolonising the reefs are much reduced. Without fish, the reefs can?t recover.?
He said that loudspeakers broadcasting the sound of a healthy reef could be
deployed after storms and bleaching to
help reefs recover.
20
1G M
Tuesday May 1 2018 | the times
News
Flat Earthers conspire
to change the world
Neil Johnston Midlands Correspondent
To most the notion that gravity does
not exist, that the moon is a sham and
that the Earth is anything other than
round is simply preposterous. But this
was the verdict reached at the weekend
by die-hard conspiracy theorists at
Britain?s first flat Earth convention.
The 200 people at the convention
debated whether the Earth was a disc, a
square, shielded by a dome or if the horizon was a route to teleportation, but
they agreed on one thing: it was inconceivable that the Earth was spherical.
Dismissing the rest of the population
as ?ballers? and ?muggles?, speakers at
the event in Birmingham detailed their
?scientific? theories, which they said
proved irrefutably that the world is flat.
Some had discovered the flat Earth
movement while researching conspiracy theories online. They said that
?globers? had been conned into accepting computer-generated images of the
world from space and that they were
?idiots? to believe that events such as
the moon landings ever took place.
Wearing ?Flat power? T-shirts and
happily snapping up flat Earth spirit
levels and compasses, some suggested
that there was a secret civilisation on
the North Pole and there was near consensus that Nasa had hidden land and
resources beyond Antarctica.
Darren Nesbitt, a musician from
Manchester, said he had ?multi-verifiable evidence? that the world was flat
and, while admitting that people
thought he was insane, said it was ridiculous that people believed ?they are on
a sphere ball travelling at 1,000 miles an
hour?. ?Everyone lives above the land,?
he said. ?I?m still waiting on the money
shot of the Hubble being turned around
and showing us people on Africa walking sideways.?
He added that the International
Space Station was a hologram and that
no one could ever fall off a flat Earth
because of the ?Pac-Man effect?. In the
video game characters exit one side of
the screen and appear on the other and
he said that the same could happen
when something reached the horizon,
possibly though teleportation.
With each talk came conspiracies
including that Nelson Mandela died in
the 1980s and that evolution was a lie.
Conference-goers were also urged to
turn off their wifi over radiation fears
and warned by the organiser Gary
John, 54, that the hotel?s bottled water
was ?like acid?.
He said that people were waking up
to the idea of a flat Earth and that there
had been an explosion in interest for
the movement, which he first found in
a video online. ?It just felt right inside. I
was hooked. It is life-changing, it makes
you look at everything with a more critical eye.?
Dave Marsh, an NHS manager, said
he had conducted detailed experiments
from his garden and believed that the
moon was a projection.
SWNS
Geneticists on
the scent of
a perfect rose
Oliver Moody Science Correspondent
Purple phase Nicolas Party?s sculpture, Head, makes a striking addition to the
Modern Institute for the Glasgow International art festival, which runs until May 7
A rose by any other name would smell
as sweet. But one with a slightly altered
genome could smell even sweeter.
Scientists have created the first complete map of the plant?s DNA in a study
that shows how botanists could breed
or genetically engineer ?super-roses?
that combine all of the finest virtues of
modern varieties. The research, published in the journal Nature Genetics,
could resolve centuries-old trade-offs
between colour, scent and vase life.
?If you go to the market and look at
the cut roses, they won?t smell like anything. They smell like plastic,? Mohammed Bendahmane, of the 蒫ole Normale Sup閞ieure in Lyons, said. Now
scientists hope they can select for a rose
that has a longer life and a better scent.
The reason no one has cracked the
rose?s genome before now is the heterogeneity of its DNA, with different
copies of the same gene appearing on
different chromosomes, presenting
anyone who tries to read the whole
thing with an indecipherably complicated jigsaw puzzle.
Dr Bendahmane and his colleagues
got around this problem by taking male
pollen grains, which only have one copy
of each gene, and subjecting them to a
barrage of cold, starvation and stressinducing hormones so that they started
dividing. This made it much easier to
reconstruct a clean version of the
species? genome.
the times | Tuesday May 1 2018
21
1G M
If our tech breaks we?ll be
back in the dark ages
Hugo Rifkind
Page 23
Comment
Javid has the job of detoxifying the Tories
The new home secretary must build a more liberal immigration regime and resist the temptation to be a ?Mini-May?
Rachel
Sylvester
@rsylvestertimes
I
t is revealing that Sajid Javid?s
first reaction to the Windrush
scandal was not to consider the
political implications but to think
that his own family could have
been the victims of it. Instead of
discussing the minutiae of Home
Office targets, or ministerial memos,
he said at the weekend: ?I thought,
?that could be my mum, my dad, my
uncle, it could be me?.?
Politics is always to some extent
personal and the new home
secretary is, of course, a product of
his background and heritage. When I
interviewed him as housing
secretary, he explained that it was his
memory of growing up as part of a
family of seven in a two-bedroom
flat above a shop that made him
want to boost the supply of
affordable homes. Now, this son of
Pakistani immigrants is promising
?respect and decency? ? instead of a
?hostile environment? ? for people
who arrive from abroad. His success,
or failure, will determine not only his
political future but also whether the
Tory party survives in an
increasingly multicultural Britain.
The fact that Theresa May has
appointed him as Britain?s first Asian
home secretary means she knows
just how damaging the recent
revelations have been both for her
and her party. Mr Javid has never
made any secret of the fact that he
has a much more liberal approach to
immigration than the prime minister.
A close ally of George Osborne,
when he was chancellor, he has
repeatedly urged Mrs May to
exclude students from the
immigration numbers. Friends say he
also disagrees with the long-standing
Tory pledge ? often repeated but
never met ? to bring net migration
down to the tens of thousands. For
him, immigration has always been
about individuals rather than
arbitrary targets.
Fiercely pro-business, the new
home secretary worries that cutting
the number of foreign workers on
which many companies depend will
damage the economy. In his view the
harsh rhetoric on immigration
favoured by Mrs May also poses a
political threat to the Conservatives
who, he once told me, still have a
widespread ?perception problem?
among ethnic minority voters.
Although the country no longer
allows signs that read ?no blacks, no
The stakes are too
high to take orders
from Downing Street
dogs, no Irish? ? as his father once
saw when he was looking for a place
to rent ? Mr Javid believes the Tory
party is still associated in too many
people?s minds with Enoch Powell?s
?Rivers of Blood? speech.
One senior Conservative says he
wants to ?unwind? the emphasis on
creating a hostile environment
because he thinks it is ?toxic? for his
party. ?There will be a noticeable
change of tone,? according to the
source, and in developing a postBrexit immigration policy ?he?ll want
to emphasise who we welcome as a
country rather than focusing on
those we don?t?. An MP who knows
the home secretary well says he will
emphasise fairness rather than
firmness. ?That doesn?t mean he will
have an arch-liberal ?open the doors?
approach but he is a compassionate
individual who will want to take the
hostility out of the system.? Indeed,
in the Commons yesterday, Mr Javid
said he would not use the phrase
?hostile environment? which he
described as ?unhelpful? and at odds
with ?our values as a country?.
The question is, will the prime
minister let him change the direction
of policy? Having been home
secretary for six years, Mrs May has
always seen the department as her
personal fiefdom. Clamping down on
immigration is the issue with which
she is personally associated more
than any other and she will be
reluctant to admit she was wrong.
Yet the prime minister is already
facing a parliamentary revolt over
Brexit and a backlash over this
week?s local election results, which
are expected to be poor. She can ill
afford another cabinet resignation
having already lost four senior
ministers in just six months.
The home secretary must also
know that his predecessor Amber
Rudd was destroyed partly because
she allowed herself to become a
?Mini-May? and failed to carve out a
distinct identity on immigration. At
the Ministry of Housing,
Communities and Local Government,
Mr Javid was not afraid to take on the
prime minister?s nimby instincts,
facing down No 10 to get more state
intervention and reforms to planning
laws that would increase housebuilding. He also led the charge in
cabinet after last year?s general
election, which was disastrous for the
Tories, criticising Mrs May?s failure to
make the economic arguments during
the campaign and the highhandedness of her team.
Friends say he knows the stakes
are too high to take orders from
Downing Street on the contentious
Sajid Javid showed he wasn?t afraid to
take on Theresa May?s nimby instincts
issue of immigration. ?Sajid won?t
want to have a stand-up row on day
one, but he is very attuned to how
damaging all this stuff is with the
voters and why morally ? but also
politically ? things need to change.?
For too long, in the country that
once nurtured the age of
enlightenment, politicians have
fostered the era of the hostile
environment. While the Conservative
Party turned on immigrants and
welfare claimants, Labour allowed a
culture of antisemitism to go
unchecked on the hard left. The
anonymity of social media has
fuelled the nastiness, giving people
permission to air their darkest
thoughts. Cool Britannia has turned
into Cruel Britannia. On the day that
a statue of Millicent Fawcett was
unveiled in Parliament Square
celebrating the progress of women, a
man was mowing down pedestrians
on the streets of Toronto in the name
of a misogynistic ?Incel? ideology.
Never has the banner held by Gillian
Wearing?s sculpture ? ?Courage
Calls to Courage Everywhere? ?
seemed more relevant, but politicians
have appeared more interested in
pandering to people?s worst instincts
than in seeking to create a more
benign popular mood.
The truth is the vast majority of
voters are becoming more tolerant of
difference and open to change. The
reaction last week to Ruth
Davidson?s pregnancy could not have
been more positive, with her samesex relationship now seen as being as
romantic as a heterosexual marriage
in a way that would have been
unthinkable a decade ago. A recent
analysis by Rob Ford, professor of
politics at Manchester University,
found that ?the public have become
more positive about immigration?
since the EU referendum. Not only
has it fallen down the list of voters?
concerns but ?far fewer see it as a
major political priority and more see
it as positive for Britain?s economy
and culture?.
Ms Rudd resigned because she
inadvertently misled MPs but her
real sin was the failure to challenge a
political culture that championed the
?hostile environment? for
immigration. Mr Javid should
emulate Abraham Lincoln and reach
out to ?the better angels of our
nature? rather than always
pandering to people?s inner demons.
That would be a true sign of
political leadership.
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and commentary on
the political landscape
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22
1G M
Tuesday May 1 2018 | the times
Comment
Trump will be our greatest ally after Brexit
Freed from ties to the EU, Britain can build a truly special relationship with this US president
Jacob
Rees-Mogg
T
he planned visit of the
President of the United
States, Donald Trump, to
the United Kingdom in July
is well-timed and of great
importance. By then the European
Union Withdrawal Bill ought to have
passed into law and a mere three
months of negotiations are
scheduled to settle the terms of our
departure. Once we have left our
alliance with the EU, the United
States will be even more central to
our foreign policy than it currently
is, especially as we are unlikely to be
flavour of the month with the EU
after our departure.
It is our national good fortune that
the president with whom we will
develop this new arrangement is Mr
Trump. His election depended upon
similar factors to those that led to
Brexit. He appealed to voters left
behind by the metropolitan elite and
he exudes confidence about his own
nation and a determination not to be
a manager of decline, which also
inspires the Brexiteers.
This has had an important effect
on American foreign policy which
had consistently supported Britain?s
engagement with the European
Union from the days of the Coal and
Steel Community in the 1950s.
Former President Obama?s rude and
counterproductive intervention in
the referendum debate, telling us to
get to the back of the queue, was an
undiplomatic reminder of how the
US saw its position.
It will, therefore, be necessary to
show the Americans how our
departure from the EU will be in
their national interest, too. Donald
Trump has supported Britain?s
decision to leave the EU out of
conviction and principle but if that
could be bolstered by robust selfinterest, so much the better.
The standard US view was that
Britain could temper the incipient
hostility to its power within the
European councils. The proposition
was that if one of the key member
states were a true friend who could
lessen some of the jealousy and
unnecessary competitiveness
exhibited towards the US this would
advance America?s interests. In this
way Britain could make an important
regional power marginally more
The red carpet laid
out for the president
must be spotless
helpful to the US in pursuing its
global aims.
The US accepted that because of
its ties to the EU, Britain could not
be as supportive as it might
otherwise have wished to be in all
circumstances. It could be held back
by the sometimes irrational concerns
of other member states, and the
unwillingness to impose sanctions
against Russia in recent years is a
case in point.
As the US is about to lose a
moderating ally in a major but
sometimes difficult regional
organisation, what is it going to get
in return? This is where Britain has
something genuine to offer to
America, for so many of its values
are similar. Indeed, with the
common law and a parallel
constitutional settlement the two
nations are the world?s most
longstanding democracies.
Free from its ties to the EU, Britain
will be able to co-operate more fully
with the US in its global efforts.
Sometimes the sheer size and power
of America makes it harder for it to
deal with a smaller nation with
whom we may have an excellent
relationship.
In this way Britain can change from
being a lukewarm friend exercising a
calming influence to having a real
special relationship. This is only
?special? if it is in the United States?
interest, for every country in the
world knows that its link to America
is its overriding foreign relationship.
Whether it is Germany, India, Israel
or Taiwan, all view their link to the
US as ?special? but for America all
this specialness is routine.
After Brexit, the US and Britain
could push our shared values in all
international forums, arguing for
new solutions for the next
generation rather than being held
back by the EU?s efforts to protect
vested interests.
However, this opportunity is
dependent upon Mr Trump?s
presidency. Without him the US
would be offering no support for
Brexit and would be seeking to
frustrate it. He ought to be treated
with every possible courtesy when he
comes, both as befits the office he
holds and in gratitude for his goodwill
towards the nation of his mother?s
birth. The red carpet that is laid out
must be spotless and the evidence of
our close relationship on clear display.
In addition, we would be wise to
offer the US something tangible that
would help the president?s agenda,
not just fine words. If that means
presenting a free trade deal or
suggesting a London-New York
agreement on financial regulation,
which would become the global
standard, the duty of ?sincere co-
July I?ll turn 49 and the gap will be 11
years again, just like it was on our
wedding day ? I was 40 and she was
29 ? when she shook out her waistlength hair, wiggled her hips in her
not entirely unslutty wedding dress
and told the guests, ?He?s marrying
his second wife first.?
did write. All
120,000 words of it. Lovingly,
painstakingly, over two years, for
four hours every morning before
work at The Times. It was called
Against The Odds ? The
Autobiography of James Dyson and
did not have my name on it
anywhere.
I?m pretty sure that?s a winning
career trajectory ? though not one
that James Joyce or Ernest
Hemingway would have recognised
? to go from writing books that
don?t have my name on, to putting
my name on books that I didn?t write.
We need a clear vision
of how our two great
nations can co-operate
operation? with the EU must not be
an impediment. Opportunities need
to be grasped and not evaded because
of passing bureaucratic convenience.
Inevitably there will be
demonstrations when Mr Trump
visits but the US constitution has
greater protections for freedom of
speech than our own, so protest is
part and parcel of political life. It is
the official welcome that matters
and it should be of the greatest
warmth, ideally backed up by a clear
vision of how our two great nations
can co-operate in future.
Perhaps then Harold Macmillan?s
vision of our playing the Greeks to
America?s Romans would at last be
fulfilled.
Jacob Rees-Mogg is the Conservative
MP for North East Somerset
Melanie Phillips is away
Giles Coren Notebook
Trying and
failing to get
the birthday
mix right
I
t is my wife?s birthday today. So
I?ll have to dash this off and get
out and buy her a present. Yes, I
know I should have been more
organised than that. And I was. I
WAS. But what happened is that a
couple of months ago Esther said
to me, ?I just want a decent food
mixer this year,? and sent me an
Amazon link to it, which I duly dug
out of my inbox on Wednesday,
clicked and executed, then got back
to work.
On Friday morning, I was upstairs
writing when there was a ring at the
door and I thought, ?Esther can get
that.? And then I thought, ?Oh,
balls!? and leapt to my feet.
But by the time I got downstairs
the door was closed again and she
was standing in the hall with a
1.5 litre, 650-watt, Philips Daily
Collection Food Processor in her
arms, bought from a link she sent
me, using the bank account we share.
?You decided on the mixer then??
she said.
?Er, yes.?
?So I guess it?s Happy Birthday to
me.?
?Sorry. I thought it would at least
be double-packaged in a giant
unnecessary cardboard box, looking
like it might be a pink Morris
Minor. Shall I take it upstairs and
wrap it??
?You could. Or I could use it
to make us some lunch.?
So she made a soup. And
then pancakes for the children
on Sunday. Thus on the eve of
the big day, her present was
wet on the draining board
with the pots and pans,
looking like it had
been knocking
around for years.
So I?ll have to get
down to Chanel
today and buy her a
surprise handbag or
something. Just as
soon as she sends me
a link to one she likes.
Mind the gap
M
ay the first
introduces the
chastening
three-month section of
each year when Esther is
only ten years younger
than me. At the end of
To write, or not to write
I?
ve got a book out this
week. It is called The
Story of Food ? An
Illustrated History of
Everything We Eat. It is a
vast, beautiful, heavily
pictorial thing and has my
name in big letters on the
front. But I didn?t
actually write it. I
just liked it a lot,
wrote the
foreword and
promised to
support it
(I?m going on
TV tomorrow
to sing its
praises to a
generation of
consumers who I
doubt even know
what a book is).
It?s a funny
business, publishing.
Twenty-one years
ago this week a book
was published that I
Career course
P
oor old Amber Rudd. I don?t
care for party politics and know
very little about her, except that
many years ago she used to be
married to AA Gill.
It?s funny to think of someone who
was briefly so powerful being
married to a restaurant critic.
During her tenure, I used to look
across the breakfast table at my wife
sometimes and think, ?So if things go
tits up between us, will you have to
become home secretary to make
ends meet??
For my sake, if not the nation?s, I
hope it never comes to that.
Happy Birthday, honey. xxx
@giles coren
Let?s close the book
on pointless Nobel
Prize in Literature
Robbie Millen
L
iterature is showbiz for
people who wear spectacles.
It seems that way now that
the Nobel Prize in Literature
is having a MeToo moment.
The Swedish Academy, which has
awarded the prize since 1901, is ?in a
state of crisis?, according to a
statement it issued last week.
The husband of one academician is
accused of sexually assaulting 18
women at a cultural venue that had
been funded by the academy. There
are allegations of cover-up, of
excessive secrecy, of patriarchy. Such
is the disarray, with members trying
to resign from a body that does not
allow resignations, that the 18-strong
academy might not award the prize
this year.
Good. They should make it
permanent. The Swedish Academy?s
judgment is as sound as Donald
Trump?s in his early morning tweets.
When was the last time you plucked
a Tomas Transtr鰉er from your
shelf? Or a volume by Herta M黮ler?
JMG Le Cl閦io? Elfriede Jelinek?
What, you?ve not read these recent
winners? And what in God?s name
possessed them to award it in 2007
to dreary old Doris Lessing? She
called motherhood the ?Himalayas
of tedium?; her oeuvre is surely the
?Andes of dullness?.
Occasionally, they bless someone
worthwhile with their bounty of
9 million Swedish krona, the
equivalent of 1.77 million meatballs in
an Ikea restaurant, or �0,000.
Kazuo Ishiguro won it last year, and
Svetlana Alexievich, the Belarusian
journalist, has now found a small
audience in the Anglophone world
for books such as The Unwomanly
Face of War or Boys in Zinc. But
stopped clocks and all that.
The prize is like Kim Kardashian:
rich and with no discernible point. If
it is to introduce writers from
different cultures to new audiences,
it has little impact. If it is to honour
brave writers in troubled places, such
as Alexievich, then why give it to
Swedish translators? If it is to
recognise brilliance in the written
word, then why Bob Dylan? Is it to
allow writers who are past their best
to buy holiday homes?
The members of the academy
include a retired professor of
computational linguistics, a professor
of systematic theology, a professor of
aesthetics at S鰀ert鰎n University.
Let?s also give a shout out to the chap
who introduced post-structuralist
thinkers into Swedish literary
research. I might seek their advice if I
was buying horn-rimmed glasses in
Stockholm but not about what to read.
These are the types who have
helped to make literary fiction a
minority interest by smothering it in
gobbledygook, leaving it as the
domain of the obscure and worthy. So,
our pointy-headed Swedish friends,
don?t rush to sort out your crisis.
Robbie Millen is literary editor
the times | Tuesday May 1 2018
23
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Comment
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If our tech breaks we?ll be back in the dark ages
The TSB fiasco is just a taste of the problems being created by our increasing reliance on systems we don?t understand
Hugo
Rifkind
@hugorifkind
Y
ou wake up late, because the
alarm app is on the blink.
Your house is curiously
dark, so you fumble with
the smart lightbulb app but
that doesn?t seem to be working
either. Irritably, you try to remember
where the manual switches are.
Under the bath? In a manhole in the
front garden? No, wait, that?s the
stopcock. Maybe there aren?t any.
Still in bed, you become aware of a
terrifying thudding sound coming
from the kitchen. Padding through,
you see that your empty internetenabled washing machine is
juddering around as though it has an
angry dervish in it, trying to get out.
Remember that story, years ago,
about Mossad hackers making the
centrifuges in an Iranian nuclear
power plant spin themselves to bits?
Your washing machine is like that.
Also, your internet-enabled fridge
has defrosted itself into a puddle on
the floor and your internet-enabled
cat-flap is slamming repeatedly, like
a guillotine. You don?t want to look
too closely, but there may be
something on its edge. Could be
blood, could be fur. Could be both.
Clearly something is up, but the
app-powered television and radio are
as dead as your cat might be. Firing
up an old battery-powered radio you
keep in the shower room, you learn
that it?s not just you. Across Britain,
aeroplanes are taking off all by
themselves. Power plants are fizzing
and driverless cars are going
ram-raiding. Part of you wants to
spend the day hiding here, but you?ve
got no food and Deliveroo isn?t going
to help you. Only at the front door,
though, do you remember your
home lock security system is now
online, too. You tug at the handle,
desperately, and then you hear a
terrifying whine. It?s your appenabled vibrator that you bought last
week after reading about them in
Times2. And it is splintering a trench
into your hall floorboards as it comes
at you, like a shark.
Too silly? Fine, so let?s start a little
simpler. For ten days now TSB
customers have been struggling to
manage their accounts, after the
company migrated its IT systems to
a new service. People have been
unable to settle bills, unable to see if
they?ve been paid, unable to manage
their mortgages. Small firms have
been unable to pay staff. Call it a
corporate disaster and you would be
right. Yet it is also, perhaps, a
harbinger of the dangers of the
future and an indication of the
hidden wobbliness around us.
About 68 per cent of us rely on
internet banking and within a few
years everybody will. The more we
do it, the less option we have not to.
Remember that NatWest advert
about an old lady?s bank turning into
a trendy wine bar? Mine became a
KFC. Which? reports that 703 British
high street banks closed in 2017, up
from 583 in 2016 and 461 the year
We are in the hands
of companies that we
simply have to trust
before. When those numbers start
going down again, it will be only
because there are so few left. Unlike
the old lady, most of us don?t hugely
mind. Online banking is quicker,
more convenient and downright
easier. When it works.
The reliance these services
engender is something we barely
notice until we have to. What?s more,
as with your wifi going down, we
have a tendency to forget problems
the instant they?re resolved. For
example, unless it particularly
messed up your life, you?ve probably
already forgotten about the British
Airways IT disaster of only 11
months ago, grounding hundreds of
flights and leaving tens of thousands
of customers stranded. That and
TSB?s current woes are fairly similar.
Both centred on an all-important
computerised background that, only
at the very last moment, did
customers realise was held together
with prayer, Blu Tack and string.
A fortnight ago, our National
Cyber Security Centre joined with
the US Department of Homeland
Security to warn that much of our
government, civil and commercial IT
infrastructure was vulnerable to
foreign hacking. Others, such as the
think tank Chatham House, have
warned that similar weaknesses exist
with the ?internet of things?;
household devices connected online.
By 2025, there will be an estimated
55 billion such devices worldwide,
and if the thought of Vladimir Putin
hacking not only your bank and
power plants but also your
breadmaker and premium sex toy
doesn?t give you pause for thought,
then perhaps nothing will.
You may also remember the
WannaCry virus, which came from
sources unknown last year, hit
computers worldwide and forced the
NHS to cancel appointments and
turn away patients. Overt
malignancy, though, isn?t the only
thing to worry about. Fortunately,
few countries are as vulnerable to
innocent disaster as Armenia, which
in 2011 lost all internet connectivity
when an elderly lady in Georgia
sliced through a cable while digging
a hole. Still, as with banking, the
more our reliance on a connected
world grows, the more our inability
to cope without it shrinks.
When it comes to cyberwarfare
and hacking, we seem to be waking
up. When it comes to the potential
for more prosaic disaster, I?m not sure
we are. Yesterday, I called the
Financial Conduct Authority to ask
whose job it was to make sure stuff
like the TSB fiasco simply doesn?t
happen. They told me about the
� million fine issued to RBS in 2014
following a similar meltdown, but
conceded that nobody really polices
the vital, customer-facing systems of
banks until they go wrong.
That seems odd to me, and if
you?ve been without access to your
bank accounts it will doubtless seem
odder to you. None of this is an
excuse for Luddism; life is better
now. Yet once again, the big story
behind the tech story is one of ever
more power over our daily lives
resting in the hands of companies we
simply have to trust not to let us
down. At least let us notice it is
happening, before we hear those
noises and wake up in the dark.
24
1G M
Letters to the Editor should be sent to
letters@thetimes.co.uk or by post to
1 London Bridge Street, London SE1 9GF
Letters to the Editor
Amber Rudd and reform of the Home Office
Labour revolt over
all-women shortlist
Sir, We are dismayed at the Labour
Party?s support for sex as a selfidentified characteristic for allwomen shortlists (AWS). This
position has been outlined in a legal
letter to Jennifer James (a member of
the Labour Party who is preparing to
take legal action against Labour over
AWS) without any debate or
consultation with women members.
The letter states: ?The party?s position,
as stated above, is that its AWS are
open to all women, including trans
women; and that trans women do not
need a gender recognition certificate
to participate in an AWS.? We now
face a situation in which any man can
simply claim to be a woman and be
included on all-women shortlists.
Sex is not a self-defined
characteristic and it is disingenuous
for Labour to pretend that it is.
Self-identity ? ?I am what I say I
am? ? reeks of male authority and
male supremacy. In contrast, women
are rarely believed about the sexual
violence we face or about harassment
on the streets and violence in the
home. We are rarely listened to, as
this very issue demonstrates. It is for
that reason that we ? alongside 300
other women ? are resigning from
the Labour Party today.
councillor louise paine, St Ives
and Penzance Constituency Labour
Party (CLP); jennifer spencerwelsh, chair of Clubmoor branch,
Walton CLP; pamela osborn,
former CLP secretary and Labour
candidate for Spelthorne; nicola
miller, former women?s officer, Bury
St Edmonds CLP; denise
wightman, former women?s officer
for Loughborough CLP; anne
ruzylo, branch vice-chair, former
women?s officer for Bexhill & Battle
CLP; amanda moore, former
member of the National Labour
Women?s Committee and a former
member of National Constitutional
Committee, Canterbury; emma
flynn, Vale of Glamorgan CLP;
i hussain, Hackney South and
Shoreditch CLP; jo bartosh,
Gloucester CLP
Sir, In an age of unremitting public
scrutiny of governmental officials,
Matthew Parris (Comment, Apr 28)
makes a valid point that ?you can?t fly
the plane while facing the
passengers?. In this context the
regrettable but seemingly inevitable
resignation of Amber Rudd highlights
the near-impossible task facing the
home secretary of keeping on top of
all the detailed information and daily
activity that falls under the remit of
the Home Office.
Perhaps it is time to think about the
size and scope of this important but
notoriously difficult office, and to
ascertain whether it should be divided
into more tightly focused and more
easily managed units.
dr peter cooper
Motcombe, Dorset
Sir, The resignation of Amber Rudd
follows a well-worn path, as the
Home Office has been the graveyard
of many other political careers. There
is clearly a structural problem, which
nobody in the system seems to have
the will to solve. Indeed, the whole
doctrine of ministerial responsibility
needs to be reviewed. One person is
supposed to be on top of the 1,001
Flea in your ear
Sir, As ear surgeons we were
delighted to hear of the proposal to
ban cotton buds as they are
unnecessary for cleaning ears. Ears
are designed to be self-cleaning: the
ear canal skin has a sophisticated
migratory property that transports
dead skin from the deep part of the
canal and eardrum to the outside.
This dead skin mixes with wax oil
from the glands in the outer part of
the canal to form ear wax that will
dry and crumble and fall out of the
ear. Ear wax will trap debris and dust
and transport it out of the ear, thus
cleaning it. The wax also has special
properties that help to maintain the
correct pH in the ear canal, an
important factor in minimising
infections.
Cotton buds inserted in the ear
push the wax back into the ear canal,
causing a build-up of wax, hearing
loss and sometimes infections in
addition to creating unnecessary
extra work for doctors and nurses,
who then have to remove it. The
Corrections and
clarifications
6 We stated (Business, Apr 25) that
?only 3 per cent of British households
have superfast broadband?. That
figure relates to ?ultrafast?, or FTTP,
broadband. ?Superfast?, or FTTC,
broadband is now available to 95 per
cent of premises.
6 We stated that Baroness Cox had
meetings with President Assad while
on delegations to Syria in 2016 and
2017 (News, Apr 16). Only the 2016
delegation met the president.
The Times takes
complaints
about editorial
content seriously. We are committed to
abiding by the Independent Press
Standards Organisation (?IPSO?) rules
and regulations and the Editors? Code of
Practice that IPSO enforces.
Requests for corrections or
clarifications should be sent by email to
feedback@thetimes.co.uk or by post to
Feedback, The Times, 1 London Bridge
Street, London SE1 9GF
Tuesday May 1 2018 | the times
on this day may 1, 1918
THE
ATTACK THAT
FAILED
General Sixt von Armin tried on
Monday to carry the main group of
hills from the Scherpenberg to the
Mont des Cats, and this time he
failed utterly. He is believed to have
put in at least eleven divisions on the
ten-mile front between Meteren and
Lock No 8 on the Ypres-Comines
canal close to Ypres. The attack was
preceded by the heaviest
bombardment in the northern battle;
the Germans attacked repeatedly
issues facing a complex government
department and to be nominally
accountable for thousands of civil
servants and their actions. In
addition, a cabinet minister has
collective responsibility for wider
government decisions. Add in the
work of being a constituency MP and
the necessity for the incumbent to
have a few crucial hours to unwind
with their family, and it is clear that
the system makes impossible
demands on the individual. The myth
of ministerial responsibility is
obviously highly convenient to the
civil service but the resignation of Ms
Rudd should be a wake-up call to
review the entire doctrine.
kenneth parsons
Blagdon, Somerset
Sir, Why should the senior civil
servants at the Home Office escape
scot-free from the debacle that has
forced Amber Rudd?s resignation?
Surely it is part of their job to ensure
that the home secretary is properly
briefed when appearing before
parliament. Ms Rudd says that her
misleading of parliament was
inadvertent, which suggests that she
was not fully briefed. It follows that
adage recommending that nothing
smaller than your elbow should be
inserted into your ear canal remains
the best advice.
philip robinson, FRCS, FRCS (Otol.)
President, British Society of Otology
Weight of evidence
Sir, Simon Stevens, the chief
executive of NHS England (report,
Apr 28), says that ?a much more
comprehensive response? is needed to
tackle childhood obesity and that he
supports the prime minister?s
expected proposals to restrict the
advertising and marketing of food and
drinks with a high sugar content.
Of more importance, however, and
perhaps more difficult, would be to
introduce measures directed towards
reducing the intake rather than the
content of what is eaten, and
encouraging fat children to eat less.
sir terence english, frcs
Oxford
Sir, In the rush to introduce
legislation restricting the promotion
and yet by nightfall had not made
the smallest progress, suffering the
most costly repulse since they began
their offensive on March 21. If the
words ?victory and defeat? can be
applied to a single phase of a
prolonged battle, then the Allied
forces north of the Lys emphatically
won a very notable local victory.
They broke up the German attack in
a sheer trial of strength, and on
ground which was none too
favourable for defence.
The two most crushing failures
experienced by the Germans have
been their attack on Arras on March
28 and their prolonged onslaught on
Monday. In the neighbourhood of
Meteren they gained no ground, in
spite of furious assaults. West of
Mont Kemmel they pushed the
French up the lower slopes of Mont
Rouge and the Scherpenberg, but
later in the day our Allies made
strong counter-attacks which more
than restored their line. They even
swept the enemy out of the ruins of
Locre, and are again in possession of
that much-contested village.
On the road from Locre to
the senior civil servants were not
doing their job fully and properly.
john osler
Guildford
Sir, Amber Rudd is a decent, liberalminded politician. Her problem was
that she did not believe in the
immigration policy she inherited. But
whether out of a sense of duty or selfpreservation she felt she had no choice
but to pursue it. Any politician whose
heart is not in the policies they are
overseeing will struggle to distinguish
between the politically difficult but
necessary and the politically toxic. As
the whole ?hostile environment? drive
was alien to her, Rudd could not see
where it crossed from being difficult
but career-enhancing and became
simply wrong and career-ending.
The parallels are clear. Theresa May
does not believe Brexit is in the UK?s
interests. Like Rudd, she is pursuing a
policy she has inherited partly out of a
sense of duty and partly out of selfpreservation. And like Rudd, she is
neither convincing nor successful in
her attempts to do so. The question is,
will the parallels stop there?
john nug閑
New Malden, Surrey
of ?junk food? there may be
difficulties with framing definitions.
For example, how much cheese may
be added to a vegetarian wholemeal
pizza or to a Caesar salad before they
switch from being healthy snacks to
becoming junk food? Similarly, will all
calorie-laden items such as foie gras,
Camembert and cr鑝e br鹟閑 now be
downgraded to junk food status?
dr charles shee
Otford, Kent
Alien adventure
Sir, The best books to define Britain
are, of course, written by foreigners
(letter, Apr 30). George Mikes?s
How to be an Alien, published in 1946,
is still the best guide to this island and
its inhabitants.
peter lantos
Professor emeritus, KCL, London NW1
Letters to the Editor must be exclusive
to The Times and may be edited. Please
include a full address and daytime
telephone number.
Dranoutre the French advanced
nearly a mile beyond the points they
were holding last weekend. Within
the old Ypres salient, the British line
never yielded an inch through the
whole of a day?s desperate fighting.
Again and again the Germans
sought to enter their positions, and
each time they were compelled to
retire with heavy loss. Though we
name the localities where these
heroic exploits were performed, the
woods and villages from which the
names are taken no longer exist. The
spots are marked on the map, but
nothing remains of the places
themselves but a few heaps of ruins
and some shattered tree stumps.
Within the salient our troops are
fighting in an area of desolation. Of
all the many violent combats of the
last few weeks, we know none of
more hopeful augury to the Allies
than this ten-mile German failure.
sign up for a weekly email
with extracts from
the times history of the war
ww1.thetimes.co.uk
Plague of potholes
Sir, You report (Apr 30) that
thousands of roadworks a year will be
shifted on to pavements to cut
congestion and prevent roads from
being plagued by potholes.
A third of those aged over 65 fall each
year. Falls are the commonest reason
for attendance at A&E in this age
group, and the cost to the NHS runs
to several billion pounds.
It is curious that a government
keen to tackle healthcare expenditure
plans to improve the quality of road
surfaces at the expense of pavements.
dr simon howard
Gosforth, Newcastle upon Tyne
Sir, The numerous utilities that have
the authority to dig holes in the road,
as well as reinstating the road after
their work, should also pay a sum per
square metre of road to the local
authority to create a rebuilding fund
that can be used to repair the road
properly after a series of repairs.
david leibling
Editor/adviser RAC Report on
Motoring 1989-2018, Pinner, Harrow
Sir, When visiting Kampala I was
advised that if I saw a car being driven
in a straight line I was to be careful, as
the driver was probably drunk. To
drive safely one had to weave one?s
way around the many potholes. Is this
now the same in the UK?
ruth snary
Bristol
Sir, As there is little prospect of the
early repair of our dangerously
potholed roads may I suggest the
solution adopted by the French many
years ago when their roads were in
disrepair: the Citro雗 2CV, with its
light body, soft long-travel suspension
and rugged pressed steel wheels.
allan duncan
Abingdon, Oxon
Child-friendly vote
Sir, Libby Purves (?Stay-at-home
mums have become a rarity?, Apr 30)
quotes the statistic that 72 per cent of
mothers worked in 2015. That figure
is probably higher now. So why are
schools used as polling stations? If
their child?s school is shut, working
parents have to find (and probably
pay for) day care if they do not have
family living near by to help out. The
only other option is to take the child
to work or to ?go sick?. I wonder if
there is any data showing an increase
in absenteeism on election days?
sue milton
London SE21
Floodlit stones
Sir, I agree completely with Sir Simon
Jenkins?s views on Stonehenge (letter,
Apr 30). Why not also floodlight the
stones at night? That would allow a
wonderful view after dark from the
A303 coming west as you crest the
rise. Any tunnel would be a
monumental waste of money.
john clarkson
Chirton, Wilts
Poetry on a plate
Sir, As Sathnam Sanghera says
(Notebook, Apr 28) not all number
plates are ?brash and boastful?.
Because I needed a number plate that
I could remember the county council
gave me RUD1L (Ruddy ?ell), which I
have kept on a series of cars for
nearly 40 years. It is not unusual for
men to offer to buy it from me.
ann spokes symonds
Oxford
the times | Tuesday May 1 2018
25
2G M
Leading articles
Daily Universal Register
UK: May Day rally in London for
international workers? day; minimum unit
pricing for alcohol is introduced in Scotland.
Nature notes
As we enter May
the fields and lanes
are turning very
white. There has
already been one
fine white sight in
the fields this year
? the lines of blackthorn hedges
crisscrossing them in snowy blossom. Their
flowers are now turning rusty-looking or
falling. However, on the countless hawthorn
hedges in farmland the white flower buds,
which are like tiny drumsticks, are breaking
and in a very short time the scented white
flowers will adorn the hedges in masses
everywhere. Many banks below the hedges
have the white flowers of greater stitchwort
clambering all over them with their thin
stems. The starry flowers can be recognised
by their five-notched petals. Cow parsley is
also opening its umbrella-like white
flowers, and often extends, like a ribbon, for
long stretches along roadside verges.
derwent may
Birthdays today
Judge Nicholas Hilliard,
QC, pictured, recorder of
London, the most senior
Old Bailey judge, 59;
Lady Sarah Chatto, artist,
vice-president, The Royal
Ballet, 54; Wes Anderson,
film-maker, Isle of Dogs
(2018), 49; Naim Attallah, publisher,
chairman, Quartet Books, 87; Prof Sir
Richard Blundell, economist, 66; Steve
Cauthen, British champion jockey (1984,
1985, 1987), 58; Judy Collins, singer, Send
in the Clowns (1975), and songwriter, 79;
Rita Coolidge, singer, (Your Love Has
Lifted Me) Higher and Higher (1977), 73;
Alex Cunningham, Labour MP for Stockton
North, shadow pensions minister (2016-17),
63; Ian Curteis, TV dramatist, Philby, Burgess
and Maclean (1977), 83; Jamie Dornan, actor,
Fifty Shades Freed (2018), 36; David
Freeman, theatre director, founder, Opera
Factory London (1981-98), 66; Fiona Gilbert,
professor of radiology, University of
Cambridge, 62; Gordon Greenidge,
cricketer, West Indies (1974-91), 67;
Prof Phillip King, sculptor, president, Royal
Academy of Arts (1999-2004), 84; Sir Kim
Lewison, lord justice of appeal, 66; Joanna
Lumley, actress, Absolutely Fabulous (19922012, film 2016), 72; Julian Mitchell, writer,
Another Country (1984), 83; Archie Norman,
chairman, Marks & Spencer, ITV (2010-16),
Conservative MP (1997-2005), chief
executive, Conservative Party (1998-99), 64;
Ren� Olivieri, chairman, The Wildlife
Trusts (2012-17), 65; Elsa Peretti, jewellery
designer, creator of Tiffany?s teardrop
necklace, 78; Peter Phillips, chief executive,
Cambridge University Press, 56; Sonny
Ramadhin, cricketer, West Indies (1950-61),
89; Sir Bob Reid, deputy governor, Bank of
Scotland (1997-2004), 84; Una Stubbs,
actress, Sherlock (2010-17), 81; Paul Walsh,
chairman, Compass Group, 63; Antony
Worrall Thompson, TV chef, 67.
On this day
In 1707, the union of England and Scotland
was proclaimed; in 1961 Fidel Castro, prime
minister of Cuba, declared the country a
socialist nation and abolished elections.
The last word
?Straightforwardness without civility is like a
surgeon?s knife, effective but unpleasant.
Candour with courtesy is helpful and
admirable.? Sri Yukteswar Giri, Indian guru,
Autobiography of a Yogi (1946)
Home Truths
It was right for Amber Rudd to resign over the Windrush scandal
but this was a serious policy failure that is not fixed yet
A basic convention of a democracy is that somebody takes the blame for a mess. Amber Rudd,
until late on Sunday evening the home secretary,
has rightly taken responsibility for the policy
disaster in which immigrants to Britain on HMT
Empire Windrush were treated as if they were illegal interlopers simply because, at no point in their
long stay in this country, had they acquired any
documents. Nobody seriously disputes they were
British citizens; they just could not prove it.
It is this serious failure of policy and of operations that has caused Mrs Rudd?s resignation,
rather than the secondary issue of why she
appeared before a select committee ill briefed to
answer the question of whether or not her department had a target for the removal of illegal immigrants. It is therefore to the policy and the capacity
of the department he inherits that her successor,
Sajid Javid, will have to attend.
To take the capacity first, a previous home secretary, John Reid, declared grandly in 2006 that
the department was not ?fit for purpose?. He
promptly changed the purpose. The old diversified
conglomerate Home Office was split into two.
Legal affairs and prisons disappeared into the
newly minted Ministry of Justice and the Home
Office was left with the rest. Yet although that
looks like a significant reduction in workload, the
suggestion is deceptive.
Over the past two decades, two of the remaining
functions of the Home Office, terrorism and immigration, have become bigger policy issues than
at any time before. Given the fact that, in the Windrush case, the immigration authorities did not
seem to know who was here legally and who was
not, there is a case for saying that Mr Javid ought
to split the department again. Crime and immigration, as if the latter was caused by the former, has
always been an uneasy coupling in Whitehall and
it might be preferable to concentrate resources.
However, departmental reorganisations usually have a limited effect because, though it is true
that the Home Office should be more effective
than it is, the real problem lies deeper. In the Windrush case it is difficult to tell the dancer from the
dance, which is to say that the issue is not just the
poverty of administration. It is the poverty of
policy and the poverty of thought.
There is nothing intrinsically ignoble about
having a target for the removal of illegal immigrants. Indeed, a government probably should
have such a target. However, when that policy is
conducted as part of the creation of a deliberately
?hostile environment?, this is when the problems
start. It is a reversal of the usual burden of proof to
assume that people are here illegally until they can
prove they are not. It is all but inevitable, with an
assumption of hostility, that undocumented
people here legally will be caught up in the policy
as well as, if not more than, the intended targets.
The new home secretary has one of two options.
He can either abandon the regime of explicit hostility and soft-pedal on the policy, which he has
now done. Or he will have to ensure that everyone
has a document. It is clear that a voluntary process
leaves plenty of people without verification. For all
of British history so far that has not mattered. If
the government wants to set and meet a stringent
target for deportations it will have to give people
some kind of card of identity. That might fall short
of a national ID scheme but Mr Javid is only in his
new job because his department does not know
who people are.
Immigration has become a toxic question in
British politics and that has not been made any
easier by the existence of a target for net migration
into the country. When a minister sets a target that
she has no hope of hitting, it puts politics into
disrepute far more than any subsidiary target that
she did not know she had. In the end, this is a
policy failure.
Food Market
The merger of Sainsbury?s and Asda risks reducing competitive pressures
Supermarkets may not be the most loved institutions but they have greatly advanced the quality of
life. To best promote the public good, they need to
be constantly subject to competitive pressures. It
is on that point that a proposed � billion merger
of J Sainsbury and Asda is vulnerable to criticism.
The Competition and Markets Authority (CMA)
should examine the deal carefully to ensure that
the merged company?s leading market position is
genuinely compatible with the public interest.
Sainsbury?s and Asda are respectively Britain?s
second and third largest food retailers. A merged
entity would have a market share of 31 per cent.
The deal makes clear strategic sense for the
companies, as they are complementary businesses geographically and commercially. Sainsbury?s
is better represented in the south of the country
and with premium products. Asda has a greater
spread in the north and in lower-cost groceries.
Yet while the companies stress that a combined
entity would reduce prices to consumers, this
cannot be taken as a given. The concentrated
purchasing power of the merged company will
need to be scrutinised to ensure it does not distort
the market. It might do so, by squeezing suppliers.
That is the inevitable corollary of cutting prices
to consumers, but it does not follow that a company with a large market share will necessarily
pass on savings to customers. If it has a dominant
position in a particular locality, it might instead
seek to expand its margins, knowing that shoppers
lack alternatives. Sainsbury?s and Asda want a
CMA investigation to be concluded rapidly so that
the deal can be completed next year. It is likely that
the CMA would require the new company to
divest some of its 2,800 stores but the implications
of such a large food retailer in the marketplace are
more extensive than just the number of outlets.
Admittedly, supermarkets attract criticism
whatever their strategy. If they do not attempt to
negotiate the best deal from their suppliers, they
are accused of gouging the consumer. If they are
profitable and expand their operations to generate
further economies of scale and scope, they lay
themselves open to the charge of predatory pricing and forcing independent retailers out of business. It is as well, therefore, to spell out the ways in
which supermarkets are a mark of civilised living.
Food shopping before the 1960s was typically an
arduous task, requiring visits to several retailers,
where choice was limited, quality was highly variable, opening hours were brief and prices were
high. Supermarkets are a British success because
they serve consumer demands. They provide
convenience, choice and competitive prices. The
supermarkets may appear now to be behemoths
but their origins are humble. Sainsbury?s was born
from a single dairy shop in London in 1869.
Even so, there is justifiable worry that 150 years
on from this pioneering experiment, the food retailing sector is too concentrated. The largest four
firms (Tesco, Sainsbury?s, Asda and Morrisons) accounted for 75 per cent of the market in 2011. The
sector has since become more diffuse owing to inroads from budget retailers such as Lidl and Aldi.
The merger of Sainsbury?s and Asda is undoubtedly a response to that erosion of market share
from newer entrants. The test for the deal will be
whether these companies? ambitions for expansion are driven, like the original Sainsbury ideal, by
what shoppers want. Only if it can be shown not to
harm competition will the deal be worth it.
The Wisdom of Business
The basic insights can be said quickly and in plain language
If power corrupts then Powerpoint corrupts
absolutely. It is hard to be sure whether that lame
joke is worse than the excessive and dreary use of
Powerpoint. Jeff Bezos of Amazon evidently feels
the same way because he has decreed that employees should write a six-page memorandum
before every meeting that contains no bullet
points and appears on no slides.
Every meeting at Amazon therefore begins with
employees silently reading. Apparently Mr Bezos
believes this ensures that staff turn up prepared
and full of wisdom. It is hard to accept that six
pages are necessary. Here, for the delight of Mr
Bezos, is all of business summarised in just a few
short paragraphs.
Try to find something that people want to buy
and offer it to them. Set a price for it to be sold at
that is higher than all the costs that go into making
it, all the costs that go into marketing it and all taxes due. Remember the sage advice of Mr Micawber: ?Annual income twenty pounds, annual expenditure nineteen pounds nineteen shillings and
sixpence, result happiness. Annual income twenty
pounds, annual expenditure twenty pounds ought
and six, result misery.? That is all there is to say.
So, with that lodged, never use the terms ?going
forward?, ?boil the ocean?, ?thought shower?, ?peel
the onion?, ?push the envelope?, ?leverage our skill
set? or ?synergise?. Try to remember that there is
no noun that cannot be verbed but there is absolutely no need to do so. ?Impact? does not necessarily sound better if you use it as a verb, every other
sentence.
Try to imbibe the wisdom of the poets who
aimed to get a lot said quickly. Lincoln managed
the whole Gettysburg address in 272 words.
Elizabeth I repelled the Spanish Armada in not
many more. It cannot take six pages just to get
through a meeting.
26
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Tuesday May 1 2018 | the times
World
Nuclear trove proves Iran
is lying, claims Netanyahu
AMIR COHEN/REUTERS
Iran
Richard Spencer
Middle East Correspondent
Binyamin Netanyahu intervened
dramatically in the row over the Iranian nuclear deal last night, revealing
what he said were archives of Tehran?s
secret atomic weapons programme.
In one of the more remarkable intelligence coups of modern times, the
Israeli prime minister claimed that
intelligence operatives, presumably
working for Mossad, had managed to
get hold of 55,000 documents from a
secret warehouse in Iran. They showed
that Iran had been lying to the world
when it claimed that it never had any
intention of building a nuclear weapon,
he said. The nuclear deal signed in 2015
between Iran and the UN security
council?s permanent members and
Germany had thus been ?built on a lie?.
He urged President Trump to scrap it
when it came up for review on May 12.
Mr Trump?s response was positive: he
said the presentation had vindicated
his own warnings on Iran?s nuclear
ambitions. ?What we?ve learnt has
really shown that I?ve been one hundred per cent right,? he said.
Mr Netanyahu?s statement, delivered
in English on live television, appeared
to be a direct appeal to the US after
mounting tensions in recent weeks
between Israel and Iran.
The angry rhetoric culminated in an
apparent cruise missile attack by Israel
on two Iranian Revolutionary Guard
bases in Syria on Sunday night.
Mr Netanyahu did not directly
accuse Iran of breaching the nuclear
deal. Instead he made clear that the files
he was revealing had been stored for
future use, rather than as part of a continuing project to build nuclear weapons. He said that Project Amad, the
code name for the programme, had
been divided into two after the 2015
deal, with the explicitly military part set
to one side while research continued on
aspects that could be passed off as ?dual
use? or, as he put it, ?seeking knowhow?.
The speech was presented with the
rhetoric and dramatic devices that Mr
Hit on
April 30
Aleppo
Raqqa
SYRIA
Hama
Homs
Tiyas
ISRAEL
Damascus
Da
ama
a
Military facilities
allegedly hit by
Israel in the past
six months
Netanyahu has used repeatedly when
talking of Iran?s nuclear programme. At
a speech at the UN general assembly in
2012 he used illustrations of a large
cartoon bomb with fuse attached.
This time he stood in front of a giant
Powerpoint-style presentation, showing files and computers and at one point
a screen that flashed up: ?Iran Lied?.
He said that 55,000 documents and
183 CDs had been retrieved in recent
weeks from what appeared to be a
run-down warehouse in Iran but was in
fact a high-tech storage facility. He said
they showed that Iran was working on
all five stages of a nuclear weapons programme: designing weapons, developing nuclear cores, building nuclear
implosion systems, preparing nuclear
Binyamin Netanyahu?s presentation in
English on live television was ridiculed
by the foreign minister of Iran
test sites and integrating nuclear warheads on missiles.
His findings were ridiculed in
advance by Mohammad Javad Zarif,
the Iranian foreign minister. ?The boy
who can?t stop crying wolf is at it again,?
he tweeted, with a picture of Mr Netanyahu?s general assembly bomb cartoon.
?Undeterred by cartoon fiasco at
UNGA. You can only fool some of the
people so many times.?
Abbas Araghchi, Iran?s deputy
foreign minister, called Mr Netanyahu?s presentation ?childish and ridiculous? and said that the purported
evidence was ?fake and fabricated?.
The presentation is unlikely to make
the European powers who are arguing
to preserve the nuclear deal think
again. They never doubted that Iran?s
nuclear programme had a military
capacity; the suppression of which was
the point of the deal. However, they will
say that the documents suggest that the
explicitly military aspects have indeed
been mothballed.
A British government spokesman
said: ?We have never been naive about
Iran and its nuclear intentions. That is
why the IAEA inspection regime
agreed as part of the Iran nuclear deal is
one of the most extensive and robust in
the history of international nuclear
accords.?
Mr Trump, however, is looking for
support in his efforts to scrap the deal or
force renegotiation, and Mr Netanyahu
made no bones that he had this in mind.
He urged Mr Trump to ?do the right
thing? in his announcement next week.
The US president has set a deadline
of May 12 to decide whether to abandon
the Iran deal. ?I?m not telling you what
I?m doing,? Mr Trump said last night.
There was still a possibility, he suggested that he could negotiate a broader
?real deal? that might put new constraints on Iran?s nuclear programme,
its missile development and its influence across the Middle East.
Mike Pompeo, the secretary of state,
was on a whirlwind tour at the weekend
of the Middle East, including Israel and
the US?s other key regional ally against
Iran, Saudi Arabia. The Israeli prime
minister said that the details of the
speech had been shared with the US.
Mr Pompeo said that Mr Trump had
yet to make up his mind regarding the
deal. President Macron of France, who
visited Washington last week, has stood
firmly behind it, as has Britain. That
leaves the prospect of America pulling
out unilaterally.
Mr Trump has declared that the deal
is the ?worst ever?, because it does not
scrap Iranian nuclear research outright, but Iran has also been disappointed because it has not brought
about western investment.
That raises the prospect of a resumption of Iran?s nuclear-enrichment programme in response to a reimposition
of US sanctions, and more threats by
Israel to attack Iran?s nuclear sites. The
All the flair of a stage magician, but little was new
Analysis
I
n his presentation, Mr
Netanyahu promised to
reveal information about
Iran?s nuclear weapons
programme that the world
had never seen before
(Catherine Philp writes).
In reality, little of it was
new or surprising to an
informed observer. All of it
was known to the UN
atomic watchdog before
2011 and US intelligence
had it even before then.
What the material most
vividly illustrated was why
the Iranian nuclear deal
was needed and why its
architects fought so hard to
forge it: to halt Iran?s race
to acquire the nuclear
know-how and materials to
build a bomb. What Mr
Netanyahu failed to
demonstrate was that the
2015 deal had not worked,
or even that Iran had done
anything to violate it.
He showed off half a
tonne of files containing the
secrets of the Iranian
nuclear weapons
programme, the vast
majority spirited out of Iran
in the past few weeks. The
drama lay in the sheer scale
and audacity of the
intelligence coup, which Mr
Netanyahu sought to
animate with the flair of a
stage magician, unveiling a
bookcase containing the
paper files. ?Iran had a
secret nuclear weapons
programme called Project
Amad,? he said. ?It was a
comprehensive programme
to design, build and test
nuclear weapons.? Project
Amad stopped in 2003.
Mr Netanyahu?s main
accusation rested on the
fact that Iran had kept the
material for future
reference, but in voicing
this, he seemed to confirm
that the nuclear weapons
programme is currently
suspended. ?Iran is secretly
storing project Amad
material to use at a time of
its choice to develop
nuclear weapons,? he said.
He is correct that Iran
was supposed to come clean
on its past to the
International Atomic
Energy Agency. It did not.
But that failure itself is not
a breach of the 2015 deal
and Mr Netanyahu did not
claim it was. Rather, he
called out Tehran for lying,
in the past and today, when
it insists that it never tried
to develop nuclear weapons
and never would. That is
indeed a lie.
However, the 2015 deal
does not rest on Iran telling
the truth; it relies on
inspections, which continue.
If there is evidence of
violations, it should be
passed to the IAEA. Mr
Netanyahu produced none,
only material the IAEA had
seen before.
Missile attacks on bases at Hama and
threat of a direct war between the two
adversaries is already high.
On Sunday military bases near Hama and Aleppo in Syria said to be associated with Iran?s Revolutionary Guard
were hit by missiles believed to have
been fired by Israel. The blasts were so
powerful they triggered earthquake
sensors in Lebanon and Turkey. Syrian
Embattled PM
Behind the story
T
he Israeli prime minister
knows that in less than two
weeks President Trump is
almost certainly going to
upend the nuclear deal with
Iran (Anshel Pfeffer writes). He also
fears that Mr Trump is unlikely to
give a convincing account of why he
is doing so, except that he wants to
dismantle every last shred of
President Obama?s legacy.
Binyamin Netanyahu can offer two
major assets to help Mr Trump: his
own considerable rhetorical skills and
the fabled capabilities of Israel?s spies.
To that effect he called a surprise
press conference in Tel Aviv, to which
journalists were invited with the
the times | Tuesday May 1 2018
27
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The World at Five
France falls out of love
with the spirit of ?68
In depth and online today at 5pm
thetimes.co.uk
MAHMOUD TAHA/ANADOLU AGENCY/GETTY IMAGES
Trump ?deserves
Nobel peace prize?
for Korea talks
South Korea
Rhys Blakely Washington
Daniel Hurst Tokyo
Aleppo in Syria used by Iran?s Revolutionary Guards have been blamed on Israel. It has refused to confirm or deny the claim
rebel sources said the main target, the
Brigade 47 base a few miles from
Hama?s city centre, housed the northern command and control centre of the
Iranian Revolutionary Guard in Syria.
Israel rarely admits to any military
operations in Syria, but failed to deny
that its air force was responsible. The
Syrian Observatory for Human Rights
monitor said that 26 soldiers were
killed, most of them Iranian. State
media in Iran appeared to confirm the
attack, saying that 18 Iranians died, but
later reported an unnamed official
denying that Iranians had been killed.
A Syrian rebel intelligence officer
said the Brigade 47 base was extensive,
partly dug into a hillside, and included
a ?scientific research centre? used to
produce missiles. ?The strike hit the
Guard sites in the centre and the
ammunition warehouses,? Captain
Abdullah al-Zoubi told The Times.
Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Iran?s
Supreme Leader, warned before the
strikes of a ?crushing response? to any
future attacks by American allies.
President Trump should be awarded
the Nobel prize for his pursuit of peace
on the Korean peninsula, President
Moon of South Korea said yesterday.
With momentum continuing to build
towards a summit with Kim Jong-un,
Mr Trump made an unexpected offer
yesterday to travel to the border
between the two Koreas.
Earlier Mr Moon had been congratulated on his efforts to find common
ground with the Kim regime. Lee Huiho, widow of the late South Korean
president Kim Dae-jung, who won the
Nobel peace prize in 2000 after the first
inter-Korean summit with Kim Jong-il,
suggested that Mr Moon should be recognised by the Nobel committee. He
humbly demurred: ?It?s President
Trump who should win the Nobel
peace prize. The only thing we need is
peace.?
Mr Trump raised the idea yesterday
of a meeting with Mr Kim at Peace
House, the modern, three-storey building on the South Korean side of the
demilitarised zone where the two Korean leaders held their historic talks last
week. He wrote on Twitter: ?Numerous
countries are being considered for the
MEETING, but would Peace House/
Freedom House, on the Border of
North & South Korea, be a more Representative, Important and Lasting site
than a third party country? Just
asking!? Last night he suggested that
Singapore was also a possible venue.
Other locations understood to have
been considered include Ulan Bator,
the capital of Mongolia, which Mr Kim
could reach using the armoured train
that took him to Beijing last month for
his first official trip as leader outside his
home country.
South Korea announced yesterday
that it would begin dismantling the
loudspeakers used to blare propaganda
messages across the border. North Korea responded with an offer to shift its
time zone forward by half an hour to be
in sync with the South because Mr Kim
had found it ?a painful wrench to see
two clocks indicating Pyongyang and
Seoul times hanging on a wall of the
summit venue?.
The two nations were separated in
time in 2015, when the North set its
clocks 30 minutes slower than South
Korea and Japan, a move aimed, it said,
at rooting out the legacy of Japan?s
occupation of the Korean peninsula
from 1910 to 1945.
A spokeswoman for the South Korean defence ministry said that the
removal of the propaganda loudspeakers would build trust and that the
North was expected to follow suit. The
South?s broadcasts, which included
K-pop music, began about two years
ago when North Korea conducted a
fourth nuclear test and prompted the
Kim regime to reciprocate with its own
loud messages targeting residents in
the border region.
The joint statement issued on Friday
in support of a peninsula free of nuclear
weapons was welcomed across the
world but Mr Moon is facing a political
backlash from conservative opponents
in Seoul who argue that the agreement
was heavy on political rhetoric and
light on details. The main opposition
Liberty Korea Party plans to vote
against the declaration when Mr
Moon?s ruling party seeks parliamentary ratification.
Mr Moon has conceded that the
agreement was only ?the very first step?,
but he remains optimistic. ?I am confident a new era of peace will open on
the Korean peninsula,? he told a meeting of his aides yesterday.
Face-to-face talks between Mr Kim
and Mr Trump are expected this month
or next but American officials are arguing against offering concessions until
North Korea gives up its nuclear weapons. China has moved to exert its influence on the negotiations and confirmed yesterday that Wang Yi, the foreign minister, would visit North Korea
for two days later this week at the invitation of Ri Yong-ho, his counterpart in
Pyongyang.
Mr Kim hinted during Friday?s talks
that he was also open to dialogue with
Japan, according to the South Korean
presidential office.
NEWSCOM/ALAMY
tries to sell himself as the indispensable man
promises of significant and
game-changing revelations. What Mr
Netanyahu delivered, along with
plenty of videos and visual aids, was
less than earth-shattering.
He timed his press conference at
8pm to coincide with Israel?s main
prime-time news programmes. It was
hard to escape the impression that
this was just as much a show for
domestic consumption as for helping
out Mr Trump with his detractors
around the world.
After a prolonged period of riding
high in the polls Mr Netanyahu?s
Likud party is beginning to lose
momentum and his right-wing bloc of
parties seems less impregnable in an
upcoming election.
Most of the press conference was
held in English but it was aimed at
Hebrew-speakers as well. Mr
Netanyahu wants Israelis to think
that no matter how serious the
corruption allegations being levelled
at him by the police, he is the nation?s
indispensable leader: the only one
capable of facing up to the Iranian
threat; the only one on equal terms
with the President of the United
States; and the only who can make
Israel?s case to the world.
But the Iranian threat, encroaching
on the northern border in the shape
of new missile bases, one of which
was attacked on Sunday night, is very
real. Mr Netanyahu may soon find
that hyped-up press conferences and
intelligence coups could boost him in
the polls but are no substitute for the
serious diplomacy that Israel will
need to deal with Iran.
Israel?s intelligence community has
certainly scored a significant coup.
The purloined Iranian files, if they are
authentic, do indeed prove that Iran
was secretly working on developing
nuclear weapons, contrary to all the
claims made in the past and today by
its leaders, but no serious intelligence
agency anywhere in the world
believed otherwise.
Simply underlining the fact that
Iran has in the past acted in bad faith
and hidden such a programme is not
enough to invalidate the Iran Deal. In
fact, as some of the deal?s defenders
were quick to point out, it could
actually be used as proof that the deal
is even more crucial.
The time, it is a
changin? Kim
Yo-jong had put
her watch to South
Korean time at last
week?s summit,
unlike her brother
Kim Jong-un. He
has since decreed
that clocks and
watches at home
should go forward
by 30 minutes
28
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Tuesday May 1 2018 | the times
World
NOAH SEELAM/AFP/GETTY IMAGES
Fruit of her labours A worker takes a break from stacking mangoes at a Hyderabad
market. India produces 40 per cent of the world supply and has a hundred varieties
Russia?s floating nuclear
plant will power Arctic
Russia
Floating nuclear power plant
Tom Parfitt Moscow
Akademik Lomonosov
A waterborne nuclear power plant
branded a ?floating Chernobyl? by
critics is being towed to the Russian
Arctic, where it will provide energy to
isolated factories and settlements.
The Akademik Lomonosov will be
moored in Pevek?s port in the remote
Chukotka region, off the Arctic coast.
It is the first floating station of its
kind and is powered by two nuclear
reactors modified from those used in
atomic icebreakers. Its makers say
that it is extremely robust and capable of withstanding pack ice or a tsunami. The vessel was to be loaded
with nuclear fuel and tested in St Petersburg, but this will now take place in
the northern port of Murmansk after
opposition from Baltic states.
Environmental campaigners have
called it a dangerous project. ?To test
a nuclear reactor in a densely populated area like the centre of St Petersburg is irresponsible to say the least,?
Jan Haverkamp, nuclear expert for
Greenpeace, said. ?However, moving
the testing of this ?nuclear Titanic?
away from the public eye will not
make it less so. Nuclear reactors bobbing around the Arctic Ocean will
pose a shockingly obvious threat to a
fragile environment which is already
under enormous pressure from climate change.?
Mr Haverkamp said that the plant
was a ?hazardous venture? and that
the risks of such projects had not
been properly considered. ?The float-
Storage of spent
fuel and
radioactive
waste
Length 110m
Width 30m
Rhys Blakely Washington
A porn star who claims to have had an
affair with President Trump has sued
him for defamation, adding a new
strand to an already tangled web of
legal disputes between them.
Stephanie Clifford, who uses the
stage name Stormy Daniels, filed a
lawsuit in a New York federal court.
It contends that Mr Trump defamed
her last month when he said on Twitter that a sketch she had commissioned of a man she says threatened
her was ?a total con job?.
Ms Clifford alleges that a man
approached her in Las Vegas in 2011
and warned her: ?Leave Trump
alone. Forget the story.? The man
then allegedly gestured at her daughter and added: ?That?s a beautiful little girl. It?d be a shame if something
happened to her mom.?
Her lawsuit states: ?Mr Trump
used his national and international
audience of millions of people to
make a false factual statement to denigrate and attack Ms Clifford.? It contends that Mr Trump would have
known that his tweet would expose
her to threats of ?violence, economic
damage and reputational harm?. It
also says that he accused her of fabricating a crime, which itself would be
illegal.
The First Amendment, which safeguards free speech, makes the US a
tougher jurisdiction in which to
prove libel than Britain. To succeed in
court Ms Clifford would have to show
that Mr Trump acted with ?actual
Two KLT-40S nuclear
reactors (35MW each)
Steam turbines
Heat
distribution
centre
Porn star launches libel
action against Trump
United States
RU S S IA
St Petersburg
Hydrotechnical
structures
ing nuclear power plants will typically be put to use near coastlines and
shallow water,? he said. ?Contrary to
claims regarding safety the flatbottomed hull and the floating nuclear plant?s lack of self-propulsion
makes it particularly vulnerable to
tsunamis and cyclones.?
The power plant was designed to
provide energy to remote mining facilities, ports and offshore oil and gas
rigs. Chukotka is one of Russia?s most
isolated regions, with a sweep of territory inside the Arctic Circle, where
poor transport links and permafrost
complicate large-scale construction.
The Akademik Lomonosov, which
cannot move independently, will be
towed 3,000 miles by tugs next year,
from Murmansk to Pevek via the
Northern Sea Route. Its two 35megawatt reactors power steam turbines, providing enough electricity
malice?: that he lied, on purpose, to
hurt her. She is seeking damages of
more than $75,000.
Ms Clifford had already brought
legal action in California against Mr
Trump?s personal lawyer, Michael
Cohen. In that case she is trying to
invalidate a deal under which she
agreed to stay silent about her alleged
affair with Mr Trump in return for
$130,000. The arrangement was
struck days before the 2016 election.
On Friday the lawsuit in California
was postponed for three months
because Mr Cohen is under criminal
investigation in New York. He invoked his Fifth Amendment right not
to testify in the California case, saying that he faced the risk of incriminating himself in the federal case.
Ms Clifford?s lawsuits have entranced some of the media but one
segment of America appears oblivious: conservative Christians. According to the pollster PRRI 75 per cent of
white evangelical Protestants view
Mr Trump favourably, a record high
and up from 68 per cent in January.
6 John Kelly, the White House chief
of staff, denied a report that he had
described Mr Trump as an idiot to
staff on numerous occasions. ?This is
another pathetic attempt to smear
people close to President Trump and
distract from the administration?s
many successes,? he said.
digital
Why Christians are sticking
with Trump despite Stormy scandal
On mobile, tablet and at thetimes.co.uk
Pevek
Murmansk
Electric transmission unit
Hot water tanks
and hot water to supply a city of more
than 100,000 people.
?In Russia and the whole world it
has become possible for the first time
to transport a source of safe, ecological energy,? Vitaliy Trutnev, of Rosenergoatom, the state body responsible for nuclear plants, said. ?This is
particularly important in the far
north, where it is not possible to bring
in traditional sources of fuel without
polluting the unique environment.?
The plant will replace an onshore
atomic power station in Chukotka.
Pevek has a population of 5,000 but
its port may grow as Russia seeks to
promote the Northern Sea Route as
an increasingly viable trade route
between Europe and Asia because
global warming is reducing the ice.
Russia is in talks with 15 countries
including China, Algeria and Indonesia to export similar floating plants.
Peppa Pig is a
bad influence,
says Beijing
China
Didi Tang Beijing
Peppa Pig has been outlawed from a
Chinese lip-synching app, after the
cartoon character became a mascot
for disaffected youths whose attitudes and outlook the Communist
Party considers undesirable.
The Beijing technology firm Bytedance, which runs the Douyin app,
has not officially confirmed the ban,
but users found that searches for the
cartoon suddenly stopped returning
results on the video-sharing platform
over the weekend. Before then more
than 30,000 videos were available.
Bytedance has been under intense
pressure from the government in
recent weeks to censor content that
does not promote what the Communist Party touts as ?socialist values?.
Peppa Pig has become associated
with the slang term shehuiren, or ?societal people?, a euphemism for disaffected, unemployed youths. Youths
who are shehuiren do not have steady
employment and are seen as potential troublemakers who roam the
streets. Young adults have taken to
having Peppa tattoos or wearing
T-shirts bearing her picture.
Some of Peppa?s actions are considered subversive and replete with
meaning. When Peppa abruptly
hangs up on her best friend, Suzy
Sheep, for example, the shehuiren see
it as a veiled critique of what they
consider false friendship common
among adults.
the times | Tuesday May 1 2018
29
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World
Schr鰀er sued for adultery by fianc閑?s ex
Germany
David Charter Berlin
Gerhard Schr鰀er, the former German
chancellor, is being sued by his South
Korean fianc閑?s ex-husband for allegedly having an affair with her while
she was still married.
Although extramarital affairs are no
longer a criminal offence in conservative South Korea, they remain grounds
for civil action for damages.
Mr Schr鰀er, 74, who was chancellor from 1998 until losing to
Angela Merkel in 2005,
announced his engagement to
Kim So-yeon in January. She
had divorced her husband
the previous November.
Doris Schr鰀er-K鰌f,
Gerhard Schr鰀er
and Kim So-yeon,
his fifth wife-to-be
Lord of the rings
Eva Schubach
Childhood sweetheart,
married 1968, divorced
1972.
Anne Taschenmacher
Fellow student and
Young Socialist, married
1972, divorced 1984.
Hiltrud Marion Hampel,
Known as Hillu, fellow
Social Democratic Party
(SPD) member and
environmentalist,
married 1984, divorced
1997.
Doris K鰌f Bavarian
the former leader?s fourth wife,
claimed last September in the
process of divorcing him that
Ms Kim had played a part
in their breakup. Mr
Schr鰀er insisted that
his fianc閑 had nothing to do with his marriage?s failure.
Mr Schr鰀er?s mul-
journalist, now an SPD
state politician, married
1997, divorced 2016.
Kim So-yeon South
Korean translator he
met at a conference.
Due to be married this
autumn.
tiple marriages have earned him the
nicknames ?lord of the rings? and ?Audi
man? after the German carmaker?s
four-ring emblem ? although this will
soon be out of date with his fifth wedding being planned for the autumn. He
has no children so far.
He began dating Ms Kim while both
were still married, according to court
papers filed by the South Korean trans-
lator?s former husband, as part of his
claim for 100 million won (�,125) in
damages from Mr Schr鰀er for ?unbearable mental distress?.
The suit was filed in the Seoul family
court, Yonhap news agency said, without disclosing the husband?s name.
?The accused [Mr Schr鰀er] continued extramarital affairs with Ms Kim
knowing she was a married woman,
causing unbearable mental distress,? it
quoted the husband in a document submitted to the court. ?Our marriage
eventually fell apart, and the accused
should be held responsible for his
action.? Until 2015, people were jailed
for having extramarital affairs.
Mr Schr鰀er has said that he got to
know Ms Kim, 47, when she translated
for him at a meeting in 2016. She works
for the economic development agency
of North Rhine-Westphalia.
Mr Schr鰀er, who lives in Hanover
and is close to President Putin, chairs
the board of the Nord Stream 2 pipeline
project to bring Russian gas to Germany through the Baltic Sea.
He has said that he wants to divide his
life between Germany and South
Korea. ?I have tremendous interest in
South Korea?s history, culture and arts
and would like to have more opportunities to learn about South Koreans.?
Mrs Schr鰀er-K鰌f, a member of the
Lower Saxony state parliament, made
light of the situation in the February
carnival season when she wore Asian
dress and a black wig in the company of
her new partner, Boris Pistorius, Lower
Saxony?s interior minister.
S黡deutsche Zeitung commented:
?Whether the ex-partner of Ms Kim
has found new love is unclear. As is how
much success he will have with the lawsuit against Mr Schr鰀er. It remains
controversial among relationship therapists whether money really helps
against heartache.?
PEDRO CRUZ/AP
Four killed as
skiers are hit
by storm on
Swiss Alps
Switzerland
Ben Clatworthy
Peak performance Rodrigo Koxa, 38, from Brazil, was credited with a world record by the World Surf League last Saturday for having surfed the biggest wave on
record, an 80ft (24m) swell at Praia do Norte in Nazar�, Portugal, last November 8. Andrew Cotton, 38, a British surfer, fell and broke his back on the same day
Call to bar Franco granddaughter from title
Spain
Graham Keeley Madrid
The King of Spain is facing demands to
block General Franco?s granddaughter
from inheriting a royal title after the
recent death of her mother.
Left-wing parties have written to
King Felipe to urge him to use his royal
authority to deny Carmen Mart韓ezBordi�, 67, from becoming the second
Duchess of Franco.
While it is normally within the remit
of the government to block the inheritance of an aristocratic title, the political
parties are hoping that the king will
make the move after stripping his
brother-in-law and sister of being
called the Duke and Duchess of Palma.
He removed their titles in 2015 because
they faced corruption
charges.
King Felipe can withdraw a noble title only if
he judges the recipients
to be guilty of ?inadequate comportment?,
according to a 1948 law.
Ricardo Sixto Iglesias,
the spokesman for the
United Left party, said that
if King Felipe bestowed
the title on Ms Mart韓ez-Bordi�, it would
amount to honouring
General Franco, who he
Look who?s
dancing: Carmen
Martinez-Bordi�
described as having been the ?head of
a corrupt regime, responsible for
crimes against humanity?.
A spokesman for the royal household said: ?The monarch has not
taken any decision on this matter.?
General Franco, who ruled Spain
for 36 years after his nationalist
forces won the 1936-39 civil war,
remains a controversial figure in
the country long after his death in
1975.
His seven grandchildren make
regular appearances in Spain?s
gossip magazines for their marriages, divorces and brushes
with the law. Thrice-married
Ms Mart韓ez-Bordi� is
among the most high-profile
members of the family. She
took part in Mira qui閚 baila, Spain?s
equivalent of Strictly Come Dancing, in
2006.
In February Francisco Franco, a
grandson of the dictator, was sentenced
to 30 months in prison for ramming a
police car in 2012. His brother, Jaime,
was given a one-year suspended sentence for beating his girlfriend at a hotel
in 2009.
When Franco?s only daughter, Carmen Polo Franco, the 1st Duchess of
Franco, died in December, historians
claimed that her estate ? worth
�3 million ? included assets that had
been stolen by her father during the war
and his dictatorship. They said that the
money and other assets left in the first
Duchess of Franco?s will should be
returned to their owners.
Four skiers have died and five were in a
critical condition in hospital last night
with hypothermia after being stranded
overnight by a storm in the Swiss Alps.
A further five are in hospital with
?mild hypothermia? but their lives are
not thought to be in danger, police said
last night.
The group of 14 were skiing the
Haute Route, a popular, week-long ski
tour from Chamonix in France to
Zermatt in Switzerland, when they got
into difficulty late on Sunday at an
altitude of almost 3,800m. Overnight,
as an unexpected storm intensified, the
temperature plunged to minus 10C.
A search-and-rescue operation
involving seven helicopters began at
dawn yesterday after the skiers were
reported missing by the caretaker of the
Cabane des Vignettes mountain refuge,
where they had been expected to spend
the night.
The skiers, of French, German and
Italian nationality, were found in a
severe state of hypothermia. One was
pronounced dead at the scene, having
slipped and fallen; three others died
later in hospital.
St鑦e L間er, a spokesman for the
Valais police, said: ?They were rescued
by helicopters and sent to different
hospitals.?
The group was skiing the Serpentine
pass sector after leaving the Cabane des
Dix early on Sunday, bound for the
Cabane des Vignettes. The route
crosses the 3,796m Pigne d?Arolla and
takes about eight hours, including a
four-hour ascent using ?skins? that
attach to the bottom of skis, allowing
uphill travel.
The Haute Route is the world?s most
popular ski tour and involves more
than 4,350m of uphill skiing. A qualified mountain guide is essential. Skiers
spend the night in basic refuges.
The group had been due to arrive in
Zermatt yesterday afternoon.
6 Two other skiers, both 35, were killed
in the Chamonix valley in separate
accidents. A Frenchman from nearby
Annecy died after becoming lost in a
storm. The second skier was killed in an
avalanche on the western face of the
Aiguille du Midi. He was skiing with
three others, who survived.
30
2G M
Tuesday May 1 2018 | the times
World
MASSOUD HOSSAINI/AP
Reporters rushing to
Kabul blast are killed
by second Isis bomb
Afghanistan
Haroon Janjua Islamabad
Islamic State claimed responsibility for a
double suicide bombing in Kabul yesterday that killed 26 people, including several
journalists, in the deadliest day for members of the media in 17 years of war.
Ten reporters or photographers were
killed in attacks yesterday, including nine
in the Kabul strike, which appears to have
targeted the media and first responders.
In the eastern province of Khost, the
BBC said that its reporter Ahmad Shah, 29,
had been killed. He is believed to have
been shot.
Shah Marai, 48, the chief photographer
for Agence France-Presse (AFP) in Kabul,
The second bomb went off as journalists and ambulance crews arrived
was among those killed in the capital,
along with Yar Mohammad Tokhi, a cameraman for the Afghan television news
service Tolonews, Ghazi Rasooli, a reporter, Nowroz Ali Rajabi, of the Afghan 1TV
television channel, and Abadullah Hananzai, Moharram Durrani and Sabawoon
Kakar, who worked for a branch of Radio
Free Europe.
Marai had worked for AFP since 1996.
The agency had distributed more than
18,000 of his pictures documenting the
wars and everyday life in the country.
Photographers working for Reuters and
Al Jazeera were among 49 others injured.
Najib Danish, the interior ministry
spokesman, said that the second attacker,
who had posed as a journalist, detonated
his explosives amid reporters and emer-
gency crews as they responded to the first
blast.
Mich鑜e L閞idon, AFP?s global news
director, said: ?This is a devastating blow,
for the brave staff of our close-knit Kabul
bureau and the entire agency. Shah Marai
was a treasured colleague who spent more
than 15 years documenting the tragic conflict in Afghanistan for AFP.?
The agency said that Marai had been
beaten and threatened by the Taliban. His
wife, two of his children and his close
friend Sardar Ahmad, a senior reporter
with AFP, were killed in a Taliban attack in
2014. Marai leaves six children.
?He remained known for his humour,
his love for his children . . . and his enthusiastic efforts to bring down office tension
with games of ping pong or volleyball,?
AFP reported.
Muhammad Rizwan, a journalist, said:
?I reached the site of the first bombing and
people were running everywhere, then I
heard the loud second blast in front of me.
The first explosion occurred about 8am
and journalists had rushed to cover the
news. The first blast was a suicide attacker
on a motorcycle. About 20 minutes later a
second suicide attacker detonated his
explosives.?
Eleven children were killed and 16
people wounded in a suicide attack yesterday near a Nato convoy in the southern
province of Kandahar.
The Taliban announced the beginning
of its spring offensive last week, triggering
heavy fighting in several parts of the country. Islamic State has also built a presence
in Afghanistan, particularly in the northeast, and appears to have established cells
in Kabul, where it has claimed to have
carried out several recent attacks.
Parthenon tourists targeted in
rash of muggings by ?migrants?
Greece
Anthee Carassava Athens
Gangs of migrants have been blamed for a
series of muggings of foreign tourists near
the Parthenon in Athens.
The latest robbery involved a 21-yearold Spanish man who was treated in hospital for gashes on his right arm after he tried
to resist being robbed by at least five people
who are believed to be Pakistanis.
Police recently arrested a gang of Algerians, aged between 16 and 21, who robbed
Athenians and tourists at knife point,
stealing wallets, mobile phones and
cameras.
In March the gang almost killed a 23year-old tourist who stepped in when they
were mugging his 19-year-old woman
Fake news law
claims first inmate
Kuala Lumpur A Dane has
become the first person to
be convicted under a
Malaysian law against
fake news. Salah Salem
Saleh Sulaiman was jailed
for a week after admitting
posting a YouTube video
accusing police of a slow
response to the shooting
of a Palestinian member
of Hamas in Kuala
Lumpur. (AFP)
Protesters oppose
online censorship
Moscow About 10,000
people, including the
opposition leader Alexei
Navalny, demonstrated in
Moscow against Vladimir
Putin after the Russian
government tried to block
access to Telegram, a
popular messaging app
that refused to give the
security services access to
private chatlogs. (AFP)
companion in central Athens. The attack
led to a manhunt in the city and 200 extra
officers were deployed to protect travellers
as the peak tourist season begins.
But yesterday, following a resurgence in
the muggings, local people complained
that there were too few police at the capital?s major tourist attractions.
More than 60,000 migrants and refugees remain stranded in Greece after an
estimated 1.2 million people streamed in
from Turkey in 2015, during the greatest
influx of asylum seekers since the Second
World War.
With illegal entries now increasing
along Greece?s northeast land borders
with Turkey, the authorities have sent 185
police officers to the region to reinforce
patrols beginning today.
the times | Tuesday May 1 2018
31
2G M
World
Icebergs to be towed to thirsty Cape Town
South Africa
Harvesting an iceberg
Jane Flanagan Cape Town
A salvage expert who planned the most
complex maritime rescue operation
ever undertaken is hoping to tow an
iceberg from the Antarctic to Cape
Town to provide water for the city,
which is in danger of running out.
Nick Sloane plans to ?capture? one of
the many massive icebergs that drift to
within 1,200 nautical miles of South
Africa as more than 2,000 billion tonnes of ice break away from Antarctica
each year.
A single 70,000-tonne iceberg would
be enough to provide 135 million litres a
day for a year, considerably more than
existing emergency plans, including
desalination, that are being considered
by the city?s authorities.
The salvage master, who won international acclaim for refloating the
114,500-tonne Costa Concordia cruise
liner in 2013, said that he already had
80 per cent of the $130 million seed cap-
1 A ?tabular?
iceberg at least
200m thick
identified near
Gough Island
Pump
extracts
water
Pool created
3 The iceberg is run
aground. Its top is
?mined? so melted
SOUTH
water runs into a pool AFRICA
which is pumped off
into tankers for
delivery to Cape Town
Cape Town
Gough
Island
Geotextile
material
Image not to scale
2 Two tugs
encircle the
iceberg in
tough
material and
it is towed
towards
South Africa
ital he needed to begin a pilot project
this year, and ?very enthusiastic? international experts in his Southern Ice
team.
The idea is not new ? a similar plan
was mooted to tackle the United Arab
Iceberg
towed
1,400 miles
Icebergs
break off
and drift
northward
Southern
Ocean
ANTARCTICA
1,000 miles
Emirates? shortage of drinking water
last year ? but Mr Sloane is hopeful
that his plan will be the first to come off,
describing it as ?basically a maritime
project?. The delivery of an iceberg
from the southern seas to the coast of
the Western Cape would rely on
?taking advantage of the peculiarities
of the currents so that you are just guiding it as much as towing it?, he said.
Olav Orheim, the former director of
the Norwegian Polar Institute and now
part of the Southern Ice project, estimates that about 7 per cent of icebergs
breaking off the Antarctic ice shelf
would be of suitable ?tabular shape with
steep sides?.
Mr Sloane plans to use a massive protective skirt, suspended from an enormous cable, to ?lasso? the iceberg and
drag it behind a supertanker supported
by two high-powered tugs to ensure
that the iceberg stays on course.
The skirt would be stretched around
the submerged ice to minimise melting,
although it is estimated that the iceberg
would shrink by up to 30 per cent on its
three-month journey. Because of its
deep draught, the iceberg would run
aground 25 miles off the west coast of
South Africa and be tethered like an
offshore rig, Mr Sloane explained. The
Wigs and Persepolis flags
helped the young women
to blend into the crowd
Man up! Female fans
in fake beards defy
Iranian football ban
A
group of
Iranian
women
football fans
wore fake
beards to defy a ban on
female attendance at
matches and see
m
their team
pick up thee
league
trophy
(Richard
Spencer
writes).
Video
of the
five
young
women,
ards
four in beards
and what
appeared to be either
wigs or very bad
haircuts, circulated on
Iranian social media
after the game, as did
photographs.
Persepolis, one of
Tehran?s leading sides,
water would be harvested from the iceberg by a technique similar to that used
in opencast mining, with a ?saucer?
being created in the top of the berg and
the harvested melted ice pooling at its
centre and being pumped into tankers.
Next month Cape Town officials will
meet the Southern Ice team, which includes experts on oceanography, satellite tracking, glaciology and engineering, to decide whether the city would
buy water harvested from an iceberg.
Cape Town is at risk of becoming the
first big city in the world to have its taps
run dry after three dry winters and a
sizeable increase in the city?s population.
?Desalination plants require enormous funding before even a drop of
water is produced,? Mr Sloane said.
?The beauty of this model is that Antarctic water is pure, needs no treatment, costs nothing to acquire and the
only cost is in delivering it. The engineers and scientists are all saying it
sounds mad, but it?s doable.?
that has become more
controversial since
ultra-conservative Saudi
Arabia lifted its own law
against mixed crowds at
football matches.
There was particular
anger after two female
Syrian embassy staff
were photographed
attending a World Cup
qualifying game in
Tehran between the two
countries, which Iranian
women with tickets
were prevented from
watching.
The Iranian Students?
News Agency reported
that Gianni Infantino,
the president of Fifa,
football?s world
governing body, was
criticised for attending a
men-only game in
Tehran on March 1.
It added that Mr
Infantino said President
Rouhani had told him
that he hoped soon to
lift the ban, which is
justified on the grounds
that the ?turbulent?
atmosphere at matches
is unsuitable for women.
had already won the
Gulf Pro League and
were presented with the
trophy after the game
against Sepidrood
Rasht, which they also
won, 3-0.
The women
dr
were draped
in
Perse
Persepolis?s
red flags
an held
and
ou six
out
fi
fingers
tto the
ccamera.
T
The
ge
gesture is
pop
popular
amo
among
Persep
Persepolis
ffans
ans and u
urges
the club to match one of
its most celebrated
results, a 6-0 thrashing
of local rivals Esteghlal
in 2010.
Women are banned
from all-male sports
games in Iran, an issue
Tired scientist, 104, wants to end life Lucky devils could hold key
Australia
Bernard Lagan Sydney
Australia?s oldest scientist, who defied
efforts by his university to force him
into retirement, has decided to end his
life with the aid of a voluntary euthanasia group.
David Goodall, 104, is not terminally
ill but he has poor eyesight and declining mobility. On his birthday last
month the botanist, ecologist and
emeritus professor revealed that he was
unhappy and regretted having lived so
long.
Next week he has an appointment
with the Swiss group Life Circle and
Erika Preisig, an assisted dying expert,
in Basle. Crowdfunding has raised
�000 for him to travel in business
class to Switzerland, and he will be
accompanied to his death by a friend
from the Australian pro-euthanasia
group Exit International.
In 2016 Professor Goodall won
worldwide sympathy for his resistance
to attempts by Edith Cowan University
in Perth to make him work from home
because he was a safety risk on campus.
However, on reaching his latest
birthday, he told the Australian Broadcasting Corporation: ?I greatly regret
having reached that age. I?m not happy.
I want to die. It?s not sad particularly.
What is sad is if one is prevented. If one
chooses to kill oneself, then that should
be fair enough. I don?t think anyone else
should interfere.? Karen GoodallSmith, his daughter, told the broadcaster that the choice was her father?s.
Euthanasia is illegal in Australia on a
national level but states and territories
have passed legislation allowing it. It
was legal in the Northern Territory for
two years until being overturned. Last
November legislation to allow assisted
suicide was passed in the parliament of
Victoria but will not come into effect
until next year.
Professor Goodall was 102 when he
was told that he would have to continue
his work as an unpaid honorary research associate from home because
the university considered him a health
and safety risk. He had been travelling
to his office on at least four days a week,
catching a train and two buses for the
90-minute commute. Eventually the
university found an office for him on a
campus nearer his home.
Dr Goodall became editor-in-chief of
the journal Ecosystems of the World
when he retired at 65 and was still publishing his own research until 2014. Two
years later he was made a member of
the Order of Australia.
to saving Tasmanian species
Bernard Lagan
Just as scientists were despairing that
the devils of Tasmania were going to be
wiped out by a contagious cancer, an
isolated healthy population has been
discovered that may save the species.
Scientists believe that a bloodline
from the population in the island?s
remote Southwest National Park could
restore genetic strength to the devils.
More than 80 per cent of devils
across Tasmania have been lost to a
disfiguring, fatal cancer. It is highly
unusual and very difficult to contain
because the facial cancer is transmitted
through biting, which occurs during
frequent fights in their mating season.
The world?s largest carnivorous mar-
supials have been whittled down to
small, genetically weak pockets, despite
attempts to bolster them by rearing
healthy devils in captivity and releasing
them into disease-free regions.
Katherine Belov, a geneticist from
the University of Sydney, told The Australian that Tasmanian devils were entering an ?extinction vortex?. ?They?ve
been through these big population
crashes,? Professor Belov said. ?So they
have lost a lot of that diversity that was
around thousands of years ago. With a
really low genetic diversity . . . the ability
to adapt and change is lower.?
Genetic sequencing would determine whether the newly discovered
population could add genetic diversity
to an ?insurance? population in zoos.
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33
2G M
Business
world markets (Change on the day)
commodities
FTSE 100
7,509.30 (+7.09)
Gold
$1,316.59 (-5.55)
Dow Jones
24,163.15 (-148.04)
Apr 10
18
26
$
$
�/$
$1.3750 (-0.0034)
$
�/?
?1.1394 (+0.0010)
�
7,800
26,500
1,500
78
1.500
1.200
7,400
24,500
1,400
70
1.450
1.150
7,000
22,500
1,300
62
1.400
1.100
20,500
6,600
Mar 29
currencies
Brent crude (6pm)
$74.83 (+0.84)
Apr 2
10
18
26
1,200
Apr 2
10
18
26
54
Apr 2
10
18
26
1.050
1.350
Apr 2
10
18
26
FITBIT
Apr 2
10
18
26
Autonomy
finance chief
faces jail
over ?fraud?
James Dean US Business Editor
Let?s get physical Shares in Fitbit, maker of the world?s most popular fitness trackers, jumped more than 9 per cent after it announced a collaboration with Google
Sainsbury?s shareholders
back merger with Asda
Groups have been in talks for nearly two years
Deirdre Hipwell Retail Editor
Shareholders in J Sainsbury have
backed the retailer?s proposed deal to
merge with Asda in a transaction that
would redefine the British grocery
market.
Shares in Sainsbury?s closed up
nearly 15 per cent at 309p yesterday
after the grocer revealed the terms of a
deal to combine Britain?s second and
third largest grocers.
News of the possible tie-up, which
has already secured the support of the
Qatar Investment Authority, Sainsbury?s biggest shareholder, came after
nearly two years of talks between
Sainsbury and Walmart, the American
owner of Asda.
The deal, if approved, would create
Britain?s largest supermarket group,
with a network of 2,800 Sainsbury?s,
Asda and Argos stores, pushing Tesco
into second place. Under the terms of
the deal, Walmart would take a 42 per
cent share holding in the enlarged
group, but only 29.9 per cent of the
voting rights, and would receive
�975 billion in cash. The deal values
Asda at about �3 billion on a debt-free,
cash-free and pension-free basis.
Mike Coupe, chief executive of
Sainsbury?s, said that combining the
two businesses would create a group
that was one of the top five corporate
tax contributors to the UK exchequer.
He said that the merger also would
result in a ?more dynamic, more adaptable, more resilient? business that
could provide better prices and choice
to consumers.
While some of the share price movement at Sainsbury?s yesterday was
driven by hedge funds seeking to cover
short-selling positions ? where investors had bet on the grocer?s stock price
falling ? it also was a result of positive
reaction from longer-term shareholders.
One top 20 shareholder told The
Times that this was not the ?dream deal?
6 Companies on both sides of the
Atlantic have been involved in a
frenzy of dealmaking over the past
few days as $120 billion of tie-ups
were announced in telecoms, energy
and retail. Twelve transactions
greater than $100 million in value
were announced in just over 24
hours yesterday, adding to a record
bout of dealmaking in 2018 that now
stands at $1.7 trillion.
he would have chosen, but there was a
logic to it. ?We are not a huge fan of
Asda, but we do see the benefits of the
huge cost savings and putting Argos
outlets in Asda stores has to be a good
move,? he said.
Another smaller institutional shareholder said that the proposed �0 million of synergies from the deal could
?only be a good thing?, but questioned
Mr Coupe?s confidence that the deal
would pass a test by the Competition
and Markets Authority. ?This is not like
Tesco and Booker. If it happens, more
than 60 per cent of the food market will
be controlled by two supermarket
groups and that seems difficult to
justify as being a good thing for the
customer and an already pressurised
supplier chain,? he said. ?If this gets
waved through with relatively few
remedies I think you have to ask the
question what the CMA is actually for.??
However, a veteran retailer in the
industry said that the deal made sense
and added that while there would have
to be store disposals, the deal was likely
to be approved by regulators: ?This is
page one of what will probably be a 565page book and there are going to be
more people against this deal than
those in favour.?
He added he expected regulators to
hold Mr Coupe to his pledge to cut prices
of everyday products by 10 per cent.
Prodigal?s return, page 34
Alistair Osborne, page 35
The former finance boss of Autonomy
was facing jail last night after he was
convicted of using accounting tricks to
flatter the company?s finances before it
was bought by Hewlett-Packard.
A jury in San Francisco found
Sushovan Hussain guilty on 16 counts of
wire fraud in connection with allegations that he and others had duped HP
and its investors before the �billion
takeover.
Autonomy developed software for
businesses and at its peak was Britain?s
second largest software company. It
specialised in the analysis of large pools
of data, using research techniques
developed at the University of Cambridge by Mike Lynch, its founder and
former chief executive.
Soon after buying Autonomy in 2011,
HP, the American software group,
claimed that the British company had
mis-stated its finances. HP went on to
write down the value of Autonomy by
80 per cent.
Dr Lynch and Hussain say that the
value of Autonomy plunged because
HP mismanaged the takeover.
Hussain, 54, who had denied the
charges, faces a maximum sentence of
20 years in prison and a fine of
$250,000 for each count on which he
was convicted. A hearing is due to take
place on Friday to determine bail and
sentencing arrangements.
John Keker, Hussain?s lawyer, said
last night that his client would appeal
against the verdict.
Hussain was Autonomy?s finance
director for ten years. He made � million from the sale of Autonomy; Dr
Lynch, 52, made �7 million.
Hussain was arrested in the United
States in 2016 and was indicted that
year on charges of conspiring to commit wire fraud and multiple counts of
wire fraud. The trial began in February
this year.
Prosecutors alleged that Hussain
?together with others, engaged in a
fraudulent scheme to deceive purchasers and sellers of Autonomy securities
and HP about the true performance of
Autonomy?s business, its financial condition, and its prospects for growth?.
They did this by ?artificially inflating
revenues? and ?making false and misleading statements? to auditors,
analysts and regulators, prosecutors
claimed. Hussain responded to complaints about the company?s financial
performance by ?intimidating, pressuring and paying off? those who raised
them, the prosecutors claimed.
HP sold its software business, including Autonomy, to Micro Focus, the British company, in September 2016.
34
2G M
Tuesday May 1 2018 | the times
Business
Need to know
1
The number of train passengers
forced to endure rail
replacement bus services has
hit its highest level in at least a
decade, The Times has learnt.
Network Rail admitted that 22 per
cent of weekend timetables were
abandoned, more than double its
10 per cent target. An investigation
by The Times shows that train
companies are effectively profiting
from delays, receiving at least
�0 million more from Network
Rail for disruption than they
passed on to passengers for laterunning trains over five years.
Page 1
2
TSB, the Spanish-owned bank,
has warned its five million
customers through messages
on Twitter that fraudsters are
trying to take advantage of the
bank?s IT breakdown, which has
entered a second week. Page 2
3
Mike Coupe, chief executive
of Sainsbury?s, whose pay
packet is about �million, was
caught on camera singing We?re in
the Money from the musical 42nd
Street before a television interview
as his company?s shares raced
ahead, with investors backing the
supermarket?s proposed merger
with Asda. Pages 5, 33
4
Mark Read and Andrew
Scott, who were parachuted
in as joint chief operating
officers at WPP last month, have
opened the door to selling off
parts of the world?s biggest
advertising agency but have ruled
out a complete break-up of the
group. Page 33
5
The Bank of England may
face questions about its
legitimacy should another
recession strike before it has raised
interest rates and rebuilt its
monetary policy war chest, Sir
Paul Tucker, a former deputy
governor, has warned. Page 36
6
Harry Stratford, who
launched Shire from an office
above a village off-licence
near Basingstoke in the mid-1980s,
has come out in support of a
proposed takeover over the
pharmaceuticals company by a
Japanese rival. Page 38
7
Royal Dutch Shell, the AngloDutch energy group, has
become embroiled in a row
with fellow lenders to Flow Energy
after being accused of blocking the
sale of the troubled small energy
supplier to Co-op Energy in a deal
which would salvage their cash.
Page 39
8
About 2,000 investors who
sold their Aviva preference
shares after the insurer
announced plans to cancel the
stock are to receive a total of
about � million in compensation.
Page 40
9
Tim H鰐tges, chief executive
of Deutsche Telekom, which
owns T-Mobile, has said that
he has ?never been so optimistic?
about the proposed merger of
T-Mobile US and Sprint, despite
the prospect of a showdown with
regulators in Washington. Page 41
10
A record $23.3 billion deal
to create America?s
largest oil refiner has
been struck, with Marathon
Petroleum agreeing to buy
Andeavor, a rival. Page 41
Prodigal?s return is
no guarantee that
a deal is in the bag
Deirdre Hipwell Retail Editor
On July 5, 2002, Mike Coupe was
escorted from Asda?s headquarters in
Leeds after he informed the Americanowned grocer that he was leaving to
join its arch-rival J Sainsbury.
Indeed, Asda?s then trading director
had tried to resign the day before, but,
since it was Independence Day in the
United States, all senior management
at Walmart, the parent company of
Asda, were out of the office.
The one-day delay proved to be no
handicap to Mr Coupe?s progress. He
ended up running the show at Sainsbury?s, overseeing Britain?s second
largest grocer during a recession that
has prompted a brutal, relentless food
price war.
And today he will return to Leeds.
Nearly 16 years to the day since he left,
the chief executive of Sainsbury?s will
speak to staff at Asda?s headquarters
and espouse the virtues of a proposed
merger between the two businesses.
Plans for a merger between Sainsbury?s and Asda have stunned the retail
market. If the deal goes ahead it will
create an enlarged group with sales of
� billion, 330,000 staff and more than
2,800 UK stores.
Under the terms of the deal, Walmart
will receive a cash payment from Sainsbury?s of nearly �billion and will hold
a 42 per cent stake in the combined
group, albeit with 29.9 per cent of the
voting rights. The deal values Asda at
�3 billion on a debt-free, cash-free and
pension-free basis.
?This is a transformational opportunity to create a new force in UK retail,
which will be more competitive and will
give customers more of what they want
now and in the future,? Mr Coupe told
the City yesterday. He said that the tieup would create a ?dual brand? business
catering to almost all British shoppers,
including those looking for value and
those seeking out ?great fresh food?.
The merger should result in
�0 million of synergies, most of
which will come from ?streamlining?
the supplier base, with further savings
In line for checkout
David Tyler has been a busy man of
late, but he has yet to see much fruit
for his labours (Deirdre Hipwell
writes). As chairman of J Sainsbury,
he has been helping to orchestrate
the grocer?s proposed merger with
Asda. He also has tried to seal a
merger between Hammerson, the
shopping centre owner he chairs,
and Intu Properties, its British rival ?
a deal that has collapsed amid
shareholder discontent.
It could be 18 months before there
is any sense of whether the
Sainsbury-Asda tie-up will be more
successful, but even if it is, Mr Tyler
may no longer be there to savour
the victory. Yesterday, Sainsbury?s
revealed alongside full-year results
that it was seeking a replacement
for Mr Tyler, who has been its
chairman for more than eight years.
He has held several high-profile
positions within some of Britain?s
biggest companies. He has worked
at Unilever, County Natwest,
Christie?s and GUS. He helped to
supervise the demerger of GUS into
two separate companies ? Experian
and Home Retail Group, which was
bought by Sainsbury?s in 2016.
eked out from operational efficiencies
and by installing Argos outlets in Asda
stores.
However, although there was plenty
of backslapping among the top brass of
Sainsbury?s and Asda yesterday, the
biggest test is yet to come. Mr Coupe?s
grand vision will come to fruition only
if he can convince the Competition and
Markets Authority that this merger is a
good deal for consumers.
Mr Coupe pledged to lower prices by
10 per cent. He also said that there
would be no store closures as part of the
merger, but could not rule out compulsory store disposals as a result of the
fast-track inquiry by the CMA. He
pointed to recent precedents set, in-
cluding the competition authority?s
decision to allow the merger of Ladbrokes and Coral, two of the four big
high street bookmakers.
?The CMA is there on behalf of the
consumer and we believe we have a
compelling story to tell about the customer benefits,? he said, adding that
grocery market share statistics were
?misleading? as the Big Four (a group
that also comprises Tesco and Morrisons) were now competing with an
array of rivals from Aldi and Lidl , the
discounters, to the likes of Boots and
Marks & Spencer.
Yet many feel that Mr Coupe?s
confidence is misplaced. One top 20
shareholder told The Times: ?[The
merger] is going to take a long time and
if it even happens it is going to make
Sainsbury?s quite a complicated business ? and it is already complicated.?
A large branded goods supplier to
both Sainsbury?s and Asda, said: ?I can?t
think of any other country in the G7
where two retailers [Tesco and Sainsbury?s/Asda] have a 60 per cent market
share and I would worry that it will lead
to rising prices. I think the CMA is
going to have to really closely assess the
consumer issue . . . as we are just going
to end up with this big duopoly.?
The Federation of Small Businesses,
has called for assurances that small
suppliers would not be ?coerced into
accepting unfair contracts and poor
payment terms? by a newly merged and
more powerful company.
Steve Parfett, chairman of AG Parfett, a cash-and-carry business, said
that he expected the deal to go through,
adding that he no longer had faith that
the CMA even ?understood the retail
grocery market properly?. ?I think this
marks the end of an uneasy truce
between the grocers and suppliers,? he
said. ?We will be going from four large
supermarkets to two very large ones,
which is just going to create a situation
where no supplier can afford to stand
up to the two behemoths.
?We need a fundamental review
around anti-trust issues in the market.?
Supermarket
sweep
600
Total number of Sainsbury?s
supermarkets
(excluding Sainsbury?s local)
36,000
Average Sainsbury?s
supermarket size in
square feet
580
Total number of
Asda supermarkets
35,000
Average Asda
supermarket size
in square feet
Patrick Hosking, page 37
Executive who went to Hull and back
Profile
I
n February this year, Judith
McKenna, right, became the
most senior woman in food
retail when Walmart promoted
her to chief executive of its
international division (Deirdre
Hipwell writes). The promotion put
the British retail veteran in charge
of 6,000 stores from China to
Britain, where the American
retailing giant owns Asda.
Her elevation came after 22 years
of working at Walmart, including 17
years spent at Asda. Three months
later, Ms McKenna has helped to
broker a deal that could redefine the
UK grocery market.
At a presentation yesterday, she
said that Sainsbury?s and Asda?s
?hearts and minds were aligned?,
and added: ?It is undoubtedly the
boldest move Walmart has made to
date. It is an opportunity to create a
strong, more resilient business that
can benefit from Walmart?s global
expertise.?
Ms McKenna graduated in law
from Hull University before
gaining her accountancy
qualification at KPMG. She
worked at Allied Domecq, the
wine and spirits business,
before joining Asda, where
she was chief financial
officer. Her performance
led to more senior
positions in the parent
company, including chief
operating officer of
Walmart USA and chief
development officer,
helping to lead
innovation around new
store formats.
Allan Leighton, the
former chief executive of
Asda, who helped to revive
the grocer in the early
Nineties, said that Ms McKenna was
?brilliant?. Mr Leighton worked with
her at Asda.
He said: ?Unusually for a finance
person, she is great with people.
She has a sharp brain, is a very
good retailer and has a great
track record for developing
people within a business.?
Mr Leighton, who is now
chairman of The Co-operative
Group, said that Ms
McKenna would have been a
?real broker? for the deal as
she ?sits in both camps?,
having worked at Asda for so
long as well as the parent
Walmart.
At the time of her
promotion to head of
international, analysts
speculated that she could be a
contender to replace Doug
McMillon, the present chief
executive of Walmart group.
Greater London
the times | Tuesday May 1 2018
35
2G M
Business
Store locations
Walmart to
take $2bn
loss ? that?s
Asda price
75
Sainsbury?s supermarkets
are located within half a
mile of an Asda store
154
Sainsbury?s supermarkets
are located within one mile
of an Asda store
James Dean US Business Editor
Driving time from Sainsbury?s
to nearest Asda
Up to 1
minute
1% of Sainsbury?s
supermarkets
2
1%
3
1%
4
3%
4%
5
6
6%
7
5%
8
7%
9
7%
10
7%
12.5
15%
15
12%
17%
25
30
1%
45 0%
Further
12%
0
5
10
15%
42%
of Sainsbury?s
supermarkets
10 minutes or less
from nearest Asda
Market share
Sainsbury?s 15.8%
Tesco 27.6%
Asda 15.6%
Ocado 1.2%
Independents 1.7%
Other outlets 1.8%
Combined
31.4%
Morrisons 10.4%
Aldi 7.3%
Iceland 2.1%
Waitrose 5%
Lidl 5.3%
Co-Op 6%
Source: Times Data team, J Sainsbury, Asda, Walmart, Bernstein, Google Drive Times
Map: Geolytix
The American owner of Asda has
warned that it will take a hit to its profits
by absorbing a $2 billion loss from the
deal with J Sainsbury.
The decision to take the loss
underscores Walmart?s drive to reduce
its exposure to bricks-and-mortar retail
and to divert its resources online as it
tries to fend off Amazon, the ecommerce giant.
Walmart, which is valued at
$263 billion, is the world?s largest
bricks-and-mortar retailer; Amazon,
which is worth about $733 billion, is the
world?s largest ecommerce company.
As Walmart tries to expand its online
operations, Amazon is experimenting
with opening high-tech physical stores.
Walmart is in the midst of a plan to
lift its web sales from about 4 per cent of
its overall annual sales of $500 billion.
In recent years it has scrapped plans to
build physical stores and renovate old
ones, diverting the funds into matching
Amazon services, such as guaranteed
two-day delivery.
Walmart bought Jet.com, an online
retailing platform, for $3.3 billion in
2016 and is planning to buy a majority
stake in Flipkart, an Indian ecommerce
start-up that is valued at about $12 billion.
Walmart said that it was ?embracing
�7bn
The sum paid in 1999 by Walmart for
Asda, its biggest acquisition to date
technology and thinking differently to
serve customers and drive growth?.
Walmart would book a non-cash loss
of $2 billion after the merger is completed, although the figure could fluctuate
?significantly?. The impact on profits
would be ?slightly dilutive? in the first
year, then ?neutral to slightly accretive?
in subsequent years, the retailer said.
Walmart bought Asda for �7 billion
in 1999, a deal that remains its largest
acquisition. The acquisition went
through shortly after Archie Norman,
then chief executive of Asda, had completed a turnaround of the supermarket
chain, remodelling Asda?s business
along the lines of Walmart?s.
Mr Norman sent Allan Leighton, his
right-hand man, on forays to Walmart?s
headquarters in Bentonville, Arkansas.
Mr Leighton would go shopping in
Walmart?s American stores, taking
photographs as he went.
In an interview with Management
Today in 2005, Mr Leighton said: ?They
let me copy all their stuff. Their ?rollback? offer? We put it straight into Asda.
It was a cracker. It added �5 billion of
value to Asda.?
He said of the 1999 deal: ?It was like
getting the keys to this enormous candy
shop called Walmart.?
For its first decade under Walmart,
Asda was seen as a good investment.
Then it came under pressure from Lidl
and Aldi, the German discount chains,
and heightened competition from
Tesco and Sainsbury?s.
Since the start of the decade, Walmart has struggled to make good on its
UK and other overseas investments.
Doug McMillon, chief executive of
Walmart, said in February that the
retailer?s priorities were ?our North
American core and key growth
markets, including China and India?.
Inconvenient truth of
Co-op?s experience
business commentary Alistair Osborne
D
idn?t Widnes cause
enough of a hoo-ha? And
that was just one shop.
Not only that: it was bust.
But even that didn?t stop
the Competition and Markets
Authority. When the Co-op bought
eight Mylocal convenience stores
out of administration in 2016, the
CMA?s isochrone experts could
hardly wait. They spotted that the
Co-op?s rescue deal involved bulking
up in Widnes: an extra store, no less,
on top of its existing three vaguely
located in the Cheshire town. The
upshot? A seven-month inquiry and
a deal that would have been blocked
but for the happiest of ?remedies?:
the Co-op could keep its new
Widnes store, but only if it sold two
of its existing three.
Yes, lucky old Co-op. So what
happens if you re-run that sort of
logic across the 2,800-strong
Sainsbury?s-Asda estate? The short
answer: an inquiry 350 times longer
and the forced sale of half the shops.
True, things won?t get that bad. But
Mike Coupe?s singalong confidence
could be a bit misplaced.
No question the Sainsbury?s chief?s
�3 billion Asda tie-up looks tasty on
paper ? as implied by the 15 per
cent jump in Sainsbury?s shares to
309p (boosted by a squeeze on
short-sellers). But will it actually
happen? Neither the cultural fit nor
execution risk should be sniffed at.
But the crucial issue? The reaction
of the CMA?s shopping wonks: the
same crew that took so long to
conclude that Poundland?s
� million purchase of 99p Stores
wasn?t actually an existential threat
to the UK consumer that the
company it bought went bust.
Perverse decisions are a CMA
forte. But it would be wrong to
assume that just because the pointyheads nodded through Tesco?s
�7 billion Booker buy, anything
now goes with supermarkets. That
was basically a retailer buying a
wholesaler. This deal is much more
2003 territory, when the regulator
ruled that only Morrisons could buy
Safeway, because it bolstered a
fourth player in the market.
Sainsbury?s buying Safeway would
have just fattened up the Big Three.
Of course, the world has changed
since then: online shopping has
arrived, bringing specialists like
Ocado; Amazon is waiting in the
wings; and the Aldi/Lidl discounters
have grabbed 13 per cent of the
market. But Sainsbury?s/Asda would
take about 31 per cent, leapfrogging
Tesco with 28 per cent. Or to put it
another way: a duopoly would have
almost 60 per cent of UK food retail.
Does the new CMA chairman,
Andrew Tyrie, really want that
outcome as his first big decision?
Mr Coupe will argue that, if the
CMA follows its Tesco/Booker logic,
it must focus on local monopolies,
not national share, with Sainsbury?s/
Asda having a neat geographic fit.
He?s also promising to maintain two
distinctive brands and to bring
consumer-friendly price cuts of up to
10 per cent on ?many? products. But
who?s going to enforce them? And
what about the suppliers? All that
talk of �0 million synergies must
be making them nervous.
As Bernstein put it: ?Everything
swings on CMA store disposals.? It
suggests 8 per cent to 15 per cent of
the portfolio, depending on whether
the regulator counts discounters?
smaller stores as local competition
? Global Data reckons at least 75
Asda stores. But Peel Hunt is hardly
alone in seeing ?no chance? of the
deal ?getting through the CMA
without a major dismemberment of
the combined business?. Besides, say
there was no buyer for some stores
the pair were forced to sell? Would
they have to close? Mr Coupe has
his work cut out proving that Sasda?s
in consumers? interests.
Name of the game
S
till, anyone looking for a name
for the Sainsbury?s/Asda combo,
here?s a suggestion: what about
Walmart? Yes, it would be
Sainsbury?s management running
the show. But, contrary to some of
the stuff being put about yesterday,
the deal hardly adds up to the US
retail gorilla retreating from the UK
? the market it entered to such
fanfare in 1999, paying �7 billion for
Asda.
Should the deal go through,
Walmart will take almost �billion
off the table and still have 42 per
cent of a UK retailer valued at more
than � billion. True, it?ll only have
29.9 per cent of the voting rights, but
nothing can happen without
Walmart?s say-so. And it?s got itself
some decent optionality. Say the
deal proves a roaring success: a top
position in grocery, say, with Asda at
last finding an online distributor for
its non-food business via Sainsbury?s
Argos chain. Walmart would be
ideally placed to buy the entire
business. It?s valued at $260 billion,
so could probably afford it.
WPP on the up
W
hat a relief. Sir Martin
Sorrell?s gone ? and WPP
hasn?t totally collapsed. In
fact, the first-quarter figures were
marginally better than feared:
underlying revenue down just 0.1 per
cent, instead of the minus 1 per cent
in some analyst forecasts. Even the
clients are behaving: no Ford-style
threats to take business elsewhere.
So is that why the shares shot up 9
per cent to �.48? Probably not.
WPP?s joint chief operating officers,
Mark Read and Andrew Scott, also
made the right sort of noises about
getting the net debt/ebitda ratio
down to as low as 1.5 times ? below
the present top of the range two
times. And that points to some asset
sales ? even if not all of the Kantar
data wing, valued at about
�5 billion. A few market-beating
disposals would boost the shares.
Salary sins
U
nbelievable. ?One in ten Brits
have lied about their salary.?
Or so says online furniture
company Swoon, worried that the
?tendency to show off is ingrained in
human beings?. Well, not really.
Doesn?t that mean 90 per cent
reveal exactly what they earn?
alistair.osborne@thetimes.co.uk
36
2G M
Tuesday May 1 2018 | the times
Business
WILL OLIVER/EPA
Liam Fox attacked the
?irresponsible myths?
surrounding the impact of
trade deals on the NHS
Beware catastrophic
error of rushing into
US talks, warn MPs
M
inisters
have been
warned
that it
would be a
?catastrophic error? to
rush into trade
negotiations with the
United States before
knowing which British
sectors are most
vulnerable to Brexit
(Callum Jones and James
Dean write).
The Department for
International Trade is
facing calls to reveal
?who is most and least
likely to benefit? from
agreements with key
markets after Britain
leaves the European
Union.
Liam Fox, the trade
secretary, has visited the
US several times as
Whitehall officials pave
the way for trade talks
with the country after
Brexit next March.
MPs on the
international trade
committee insisted that
the government was not
doing enough to forecast
the economic impact of a
trade agreement with
the US. In a new report,
they urged ministers to
?ensure there is no
ambiguity in its position
on the protection of UK
public services in a UKUS trade deal, and in all
future trade
negotiations?.
A trade deal with
America is widely
considered to be a
pivotal part of Britain?s
post-Brexit plan.
Last night Dr Fox
responded to criticism
that his department had
yet to face up to the
challenges of forging an
independent trade policy,
attacking what he called
the ?irresponsible
myths? surrounding the
impact of trade deals on
food standards and the
NHS.
The trade secretary
used a speech to warn
that it would be a big
mistake to allow ?violent
anti-capitalists? to go
unchallenged. ?We must
take head-on the
destructive arguments of
the anti-trade lobby
whose narrative is that
free trade is nothing
more than a global
corporate conspiracy, a
front for their wider
ideological anti-capitalist
agenda,? he said.
However, the trade
committee said that
negotiations with the US
would force British
officials to make
?fundamental decisions?
over whether to move
UK regulation closer to
that of the US or the EU
in key areas.
Meanwhile, import
tariffs on metal imposed
by President Trump
were due to come into
force today, pending lastditch talks between the
EU and US. Mr Trump
said in March that steel
and aluminium would be
subject to 25 per cent
and 10 per cent rates,
respectively, but the EU
was exempt for a month.
Mr Trump was
expected to decide
yesterday evening
whether or not to extend
the exemptions. The EU
has drawn up a list of
retaliatory tariffs.
Central banks ?lack firepower
needed to deal with recession?
Philip Aldrick Economics Editor
The Bank of England may face questions about its legitimacy should
another recession strike before it has
raised interest rates and rebuilt its
monetary policy war chest, a former
deputy governor has warned.
Sir Paul Tucker said that central
banks were no longer in a position to
repeat the measures that they took in
2009, when they were hailed as
economic saviours for cutting interest
rates close to zero and launching
quantitative easing. Central banks, with
the exception of the US Federal
Reserve, are struggling to wean their
economies off the drip of cheap money
that has been in place since then.
?It?s all the more urgent that central
bankers tell the world that they can?t
solve everything because it?s very likely
that when the next recession comes
they won?t have as much ammunition
as they had in 2009,? he told the Policy
Exchange think tank at the launch of
his book Unelected Power: The Quest for
Legitimacy in Central Banking and the
Regulatory State.
Asked whether the extreme policies
needed to tackle another recession,
such as ?helicopter money?, or a failure
to combat a slowdown might be a
severe challenge to the legitimacy of
independent central banks, he added:
?Could be.?
Sir Paul was the bookmakers? frontrunner to replace Mervyn King as Bank
governor in 2013 before Mark Carney
was chosen instead. Mr Carney is
stepping down in July next year and Sir
Paul, 60, who ran financial stability at
the Bank and is now a Harvard professor, is again considered a potential
candidate. He declined to
comment when asked if he
would consider the role.
The Treasury is expected
to begin a formal search in
July.
Questions
have
been raised about
the Bank?s independence. There
are
concerns
that low rates
and QE have
widened
inequality,
with the prime minister
claiming that the policies
Top candidates
for governor
6 Andrew Bailey,
59, chief executive,
FCA
6 Ben Broadbent,
53, deputy
governor for
monetary policy,
Bank of England
6 Sir Jon Cunliffe,
64, deputy
governor for
financial stability,
Bank of England
6 Dame Minouche
Shafik, 56, left,
director, London
School of
Economics
6 Baroness
Vadera, 55,
chairwoman,
Santander UK
6 Kevin
Warsh, 48,
Stanford
S
University
had ?bad side-effects?. Sir Paul said that
politicians were partly to blame by their
inaction.
?It now seems to suit elected policymakers to sit on their hands and not use
fiscal measures of any kind, knowing
that central banks will have to reinvent
themselves and go to the very edges of
their power in order to revive the
economy and produce stability,? he
said.
?This is a world where the central
bank is forced by legal mandate to
move into the space vacated by elected
fiscal policymakers. There is something
slightly wrong about that.?
He added that the distinction
between fiscal and monetary policy
was ?blurred territory? that required a
clear mandate from elected officials,
describing rate rises as an ?inflation
tax?.
In Britain, interest rates are at the
same level today as they were in March
2009, at 0.5 per cent, and �5 billion
has been injected into the economy
through QE. Most economists believe
that there will be no increase until later
this year and maybe only one rise
before the end of 2019.
Inflation puts pressure on Fed to raise rates
James Dean US Business Editor
The US Federal Reserve has come
under pressure to raise interest rates
more aggressively this year after
inflation edged closer towards its target
rate of 2 per cent yesterday.
The core personal consumption
expenditures price index, which is the
central bank?s preferred measure of
inflation, climbed to an annual rate of
1.9 per cent in March, from 1.6 per cent
the month before, the personal income
and outlays report showed.
The Fed is one of the most important
institutions in world finance because it
sets interest rates and oversees leading
banks in the world?s largest economy.
When inflation rises above a certain
point, a central bank normally tries
to slow it by raising the base interest
rate.
The federal open market committee,
the Fed?s policymaking body, begins a
two-day rate-setting meeting today. It
will reveal its decision tomorrow.
Inflation in the United States was low
for much of last year, but it has shown
signs of rising in recent weeks, possibly
because of the income tax cuts that
came into force at the start of the year,
which should give Americans more dis-
7.2%
The probability of
the US Federal
Reserve raising
interest rates at its
rate-setting meeting
Source: CME Group
posable income. The Fed indicated at
the start of the year that it would raise
rates three times in 2018, but economists believe that four rises will be
needed.
The FOMC is not expected to vote for
a rate rise tomorrow. However, the
odds of a rise at its next meeting in June
have soared because positive economic
data has indicated that inflation is on
the rise.
The Fedwatch tool from CME
Group, the derivatives marketplace, put
the probability of a rate rise tomorrow
at 7.2 per cent, but the chance of a June
rise at 100 per cent.
the times | Tuesday May 1 2018
1G M
37
RM
Comment Business
Patrick Hosking
Philip Aldrick
Triple whammy that
could leave the global
economy under water
Keeping it in the family can become
more difficult as the years go by
??
One unreported
aspect of the
proposed merger of
J Sainsbury with
Asda is the role of
the Sainsbury family in this ambitious
combination. That?s because the
family has had no role.
The descendants of John James and
Mary Ann Sainsbury, who opened the
first shop in 1869, now have next to no
say in the running of the business. No
family member works there. Lord
(John) Sainsbury of Preston Candover,
who ran the shops in the golden years
of the 1970s and 1980s and celebrated
his 90th birthday last year, is life
president. But it is an entirely
honorary label.
The Gatsby Foundation, a charity of
his cousin Lord (David) Sainsbury of
Turville, who took over in the
disastrous 1990s, is listed as having a
2.99 per cent stake in the business. Not
enough to give any serious influence.
And this, one presumes, will be diluted
to 1.7 per cent by the torrent of new
shares being issued to Walmart, Asda?s
owner. The last family member to
have had any working role in the
business, was John?s younger brother,
Sir Tim Sainsbury, who was a nonexecutive director until 1999.
All family members combined now
own only 6 per cent, which will be
diluted to 3.5 per cent by the deal.
That compares with an 85 per cent
family holding after they floated the
business in 1973 and a controlling
43 per cent stake in the 1990s. As
recently as 2007, the family holding
was still meaty enough to see off two
unwanted takeover approaches.
Those days have gone. No doubt,
senior family members were alerted to
the Asda deal as a courtesy, but in
terms of influence the Qatari
Investment Authority, with its 21 per
cent stake, is a far more important
weet.
stakeholder to be kept sweet.
It?s quite a change for the
family. It?s easy to forget
how influential they
were 30 years ago.
They were regularly
named as Britain?s
wealthiest family,
ahead of the Duke of
Westminster. This was
when the company was
undisputed top dog in
John and Mary Sainsbury
y
started the grocer with a
shop in London in 1869
food retailing. The volcanic John was
feared and revered. Store managers
trembled at his visit. As a rookie
reporter, I was once sent to interview
him. Ushered into the great man?s
presence, my very first question was
met with a disapproving glare and the
response, ?You have read my speech to
the staff conference last month, have
you?? I was ordered out of the room to
do my homework properly.
His business record was
phenomenal as he rode the wave of
out-of-town supermarkets and
grabbed efficiency gains from
checkout scanning. In his 23 years to
1992 as executive chairman, sales
exploded from �6 million to
�billion, profits from �3 million to
�8 million and the share price from
9p to more than 500p (today it is
309p). It?s hard to think of many
modern day FTSE 100 bosses who
have helped to create wealth on quite
such a scale.
That wealth helped to spawn the
political careers of quite a few family
members and even a political party:
the SDP was bankrolled by David,
who later became science minister in
the Blair government.
Then there was phenomenal
philanthropy, which carries on today.
Family members boast 17 different
grant-making trusts. There?s the highprofile stuff, such as the Sainsbury
wing of the National Gallery, and huge
amounts pumped into less glamorous
good causes, such as plant research
and policy think tanks.
In sheer wealth terms, however, the
Sainsburys as a family are diminished.
David, after giving away more than
�billion, is now ranked a mere 217th
in the Sunday Times Rich List, down to
his last �0 million.
Compare the Sainsburys? story to
that of the Walton family in the
State who own
United States,
control
a controlling
stake in
Walma Both
Walmart.
were heirs to an
ambitious
am
grocery
chain
gr
founder,
both
fo
a
accessed
the
p
public
m
markets
to
h to
help
fin
finance
exp
expansion:
Wal
Walmart
floated
in 1972.
1972 But from
in
there, th
the paths
diverge. The children of
diverge.
the founders Sam and Bud Walton
own 50.8 per cent of Walmart stock
worth $133 billion, which makes them
the richest family in the world, by
some measures.
It is not simply that Sainsbury?s
supermarkets stumbled in the 1990s
while Walmart prospered. It?s also the
generational effects. With every
generation, the Sainsbury shares got
more dispersed and the children were
less interested in joining the business.
With every generation, they wanted to
divert more of their wealth to good
causes. Walmart, by contrast, is a
younger company and the family?s
50.8 per cent stake is treated for now
as a single holding through two trusts.
It?s hardly ?clogs to clogs in three
generations?: many Sainsbury heirs
are very well off six generations after
the first shop was opened on Drury
Lane in London. Yet maintaining
family control of a large, capitalhungry business is difficult. The
Weston family, with Associated
British Foods, and the Schroders, with
their asset management group, show it
can be done ? thanks to judicious
issuance of non-voting stock.
Families row and have different
income desires. A feud between about
130 Cayzer family members ? split
over whether to cash out some of their
banking and shipping dynasty fortune
? went on for years until investment
bankers found a way of unlocking
value from Caledonia, their listed
investment trust, while somehow
keeping everyone happy.
Today?s technology billionaires
seem just as intent to preserve control
at least for their lifetimes and perhaps
for their heirs, too. Google?s founders
own shares with ten times as many
votes as those issued to outsiders.
Hong Kong has just abandoned its
long-held principle of ?one share, one
vote? in an attempt to attract listings
from entrepreneurs who want to
maintain control ? even beyond the
grave.
Ultimately, however, the passage of
the years, the need for outside capital
and the preferences of independentminded children throw a spanner into
the most determined efforts to
preserve a family
business dynasty.
Even the Waltons
will find that out
one day.
David Smith knows which
way the wind blows
He?s written economic reports for Lloyds Bank and been a forecaster at the
Henley Centre. Now, columnist David Smith uses his insight and experience
to predict future trends, ensuring that you?re well informed.
Don?t miss David Smith in The Times tomorrow
??
Patrick Hosking is Financial Editor
of The Times
W
hen Didier SaintGeorges, managing
director of
Carmignac, a French
asset manager, is not
quantifying market risk, he can
often be found underwater with a
scuba tank strapped to his back.
Unlikely as it sounds, the part-time
diving instructor claims that the two
worlds are not so far apart.
?Any qualified diver can deal with
one problem,? he says. ?Two
problems at the same time needs
experience. At three you?re in
trouble. Financial markets have
something of the same nature.
Problems increase exponentially, not
arithmetically.?
Today, Mr Saint-Georges fears that
three problems are about to collide
and, at the very least, upset markets
and cool roaring global growth. His
Shrinking risk premiums
Yield on adjusted investment-grade corporate bond index
Risk-free interest rate
1998 01
04
07
Risk premium
10
13
8%
6
4
2
0
2016
Source: BoE
thoughts bear repeating because
Carmignac, with ?56 billion under
management, survived the financial
crisis largely unscathed.
The first problem he fears is the
global economic cycle peaking, the
second that central banks must
remove emergency stimulus to
restock their monetary policy
armoury and the third that financial
risk since 2008 has shifted from
banks to less regulated markets.
The collision occurs because
investors, hooked on cheap money
for so long, are unprepared for a
world where central banks raise
interest rates and withdraw
quantitative easing. Ideally, rates rise
at the start of an upswing, when
companies and households can
absorb the higher cost of credit. This
time, tightening under way by the US
Federal Reserve and potentially by
others including the Bank of
England may coincide with the tailend of the boom and accelerate the
slowdown.
Invidious as it may be, central
banks have little option but to build
policy headroom when they can.
Memories may be short, but it was
only three years ago that investors
were fretting that the monetary war
chest was bare and the future was
Japanese stagnation.
As for markets, Mr Saint-Georges
is not the only one worrying. The
S&P 500 global index has risen for
eight years running. Observers fret
about it adding a ninth. Either it
does, and a nasty correction could be
due, or it doesn?t, and stocks fall.
Regulators fear ?procyclicality?
risk. Commercial banks have been
repaired since the crisis, but lending
has migrated to market ?shadow
banking?. Today in the UK, shadow
banks account for as much corporate
lending as traditional banks.
As Alex Brazier, executive director
for financial stability at the Bank,
pointed out last week, assets are
priced as though risk has gone, but
market makers, who absorb risk in
times of stress, are positioned for
more risk than ever. The
contradiction stinks of ?excessive
leverage and liquidity mismatches?,
he said, like the ?hidden in plain
sight? threats from before 2008.
The danger is that a shock will
send investors stampeding for the
exit at once, causing an almighty
crash in asset prices. There are
already hints of what may be
coming. The VVIX, which measures
how volatile the volatility index may
be, has twice hit a high recently.
Volatility, often caused by liquidity
shortages, is a fear. In the crisis,
$300 billion of sub-prime mortgage
losses became $2.5 trillion of bank
writedowns. With no buyers and a
rush of sellers, markets overshot
catastrophically. The trigger this
time, some believe, will be
?snapback risk? as rates rise and QE
is reversed.
What happens if investors lose
their shirts? Will banks pick up the
slack in corporate lending? Will
falling share prices damage
consumer and business confidence?
?There is enough here to be of
concern not just to investors but the
wider economy,? Mr Brazier said.
Then what? Central banks have little
left to fight a slowdown and the same
goes for overstretched governments.
The risks have not collided, but if
they should we may all be gasping
for air.
Philip Aldrick is Economics Editor of
The Times
38
1G M
Tuesday May 1 2018 | the times
Business
Japanese takeover
bid is at fair price,
says Shire founder
Alex Ralph
The founder of Shire has come out in
support of a proposed takeover by a
Japanese rival.
Harry Stratford, 70, who launched
the pharmaceuticals company from an
office above a village off-licence near
Basingstoke in the mid-1980s, said that
a � billion proposal from Takeda
represented a ?fair price?.
Many investors remain sceptical
about the cash-and-shares offer
because the Osaka-based company is
smaller than Shire. The fall in Takeda?s
shares in Tokyo has diluted the value of
the proposal to below � billion.
Takeda?s offer is its fifth in the space
of barely a month. The two sides
remain in talks over the preliminary
agreement ahead of a May 8 deadline
and Shire?s board is prepared to recommend the deal to shareholders,
subject to due diligence being done by
both sides.
If it is completed, the deal would be
both the biggest takeover of a western
company by a Japanese buyer and one
of the largest deals in the pharmaceuticals industry, behind Pfizer?s
$89 billion takeover of Warner Lambert in 2000.
It also would mark the end of the
independence of a company that Mr
Stratford founded with his wife, selling
calcium supplements to fund a drug
development pipeline. Under successive bosses Shire has expanded to
become a rare diseases and neuroscience specialist, generating revenue of
CURRENCY SERVICES
$15 billion a year, two thirds of which is
in the United States, and a member of
the FTSE 100 index of leading UK-listed
shares.
Mr Stratford said that although it
would be a stretch for Takeda to take
over its British peer, it ?actually works
positively for Shire? as ?the Shire part of
that new entity is important? for the
$15bn
Shire?s annual revenue, two thirds
of which is from the United States
Source: Shire
combined business going forward. He
added: ?I wouldn?t have any doubt that
the combination could work handsomely over the medium term, at least.?
Shire was named after Shire House,
the name of the office that Mr Stratford
rented above the off-licence in Hampshire, a move intended to make the
business ?look proper? and ?as if it had
more substance?.
The business got off the ground with
the help of �0,000 of seed money
from friends and family and later
�2 million from Schroder Ventures.
Experts were lured from American
Home Products, a drugs group where
Mr Stratford had worked.
The entrepreneur said that Shire had
been ?more successful than I would
have anticipated. I think credit to all the
CEOs that have come since and especially to Flemming [Ornskov, Shire?s
present chief executive], who I think
has done a remarkably good job.?
Having stepped down as head of
Shire about a decade after launching
the business, he used the ?low millions
of pounds? he made from Shire to
launch his second drugs business, Prostrakan. That was sold to Kyowa Hakko
Kirin, a Japanese drugs company, for
�2 million in 2011. Mr Stratford said
that the Japanese ?are by and large
excellent to work for. Takeda being a
Japanese company, I think it?s really
good for the employees of Shire.?
Mr Stratford has launched a third
drugs business, Ridge Pharma, while
also sitting on the board of Amryt
Pharma, a rare diseases company.
CITY
PEOPLE
The feuds, the faces and the farcical
Dominic Walsh @walshdominic
Business big shot
Need to manage
the currency risk
of your business?
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Competitive exchange rates
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The Times and The Sunday Times
name
sarah john
age 41
position
chief cashier,
bank of
england
B
ritain?s banknotes are to get
a new signature after the
Bank of England promoted
Sarah John to become its
33rd chief cashier (Philip Aldrick
writes).
Ms John, 41, will become only
the third woman to hold the role
in the Bank?s 324-year history.
She replaces Victoria Cleland,
who is being promoted to
executive director for banking,
payments and financial
resilience, meaning that five
women will be among the Bank?s
the business department
wasn?t the final frontier
Sajid Javid, the new home
secretary, is remembered fondly
from his days running the business
department. His achievements
included being fluent in Klingon,
(no, really, he spoke in the Star
Trek fantasy language at Mansion
House); doing nothing so prosaic
as having an industrial strategy;
and, at the height of the Tata Steel
crisis and with a make-or-break
talks taking place in Mumbai,
deciding to go on holiday to
Australia. Not so much a safe pair
of hands as a great survivor.
has steak had its chips?
A further twist in the saga of Jamie
Oliver?s restaurant business. You
will recall that in February his
fledgling Barbecoa steakhouse
chain went into administration,
enabling the television chef to shed
the loss-making branch in
Piccadilly while
buying back the
profitable original
near St Paul?s
Cathedral. His
assertion that the
City venue ?will be
trading as normal? may
prove a tad premature. It seems
that Landsec, the landlord, is
seventeen executive directors.
Merlyn Lowther was the first
female chief cashier, between
1999 and 2003.
Ms John?s appointment is part
of a broader reshuffle after Chris
Salmon?s decision last month to
quit as executive director for
markets. Andrew Hauser is
moving sideways into Mr
Salmon?s role and Ms Cleland is
taking Mr Hauser?s job. Ms John
joined the Bank in 1999 from
Cambridge University, where she
studied economics. She was head
of sterling markets, where she
designed and implement policies
to support quantitative easing
and the � billion corporate
bond programme.
Mark Carney, the governor,
said: ?Sarah will bring a wealth of
experience to our work to issue
the polymer � and to research
new banknote technologies.?
seeking new takers for the lease
when it expires in July.
fancy a kebab, anyone?
Alan Yau, founder of such eateries
as Wagamama, Hakkasan, Busaba
Eathai, Yauatcha and Duck & Rice,
was asked by The Straits Times
what he reckons will be the next
big food trends. His answer? ?I
believe the doner kebab market
will be big one day. It currently
outsells American quick service
restaurants such as McDonald?s in
Germany and yet it has no brand
leader in the segment.?
birds of a feather
With WPP delivering its first
trading update in more than three
decades without Sir Martin Sorrell,
there was no mention, sadly, of the
advertising
tycoon?s fabled
swans to
describe the
group?s
performance.
Analysts at
Barclays helped to
soften this break
with the past: a
research note on the
unrelated Sainsbury?s/Asda
merger was entitled Black
swan materialises.
the times | Tuesday May 1 2018
39
2G M
Business
Lenders pour
scorn on Shell
over sale of
Flow Energy
Emily Gosden Energy Editor
Royal Dutch Shell has become
embroiled in a row with fellow lenders
to a troubled small energy supplier after
being accused of blocking a sale that
would salvage their cash.
The Anglo-Dutch energy giant
carries out wholesale energy trading
for Flow Energy, which has about
130,000 customers. It is the supplier?s
senior secured creditor.
Flowgroup, the supplier?s Aim-listed
parent company, agreed last month to
sell it to Co-op Energy, a mid-sized
supplier, for �million after concluding
that it could not raise the cash needed
to keep Flow Energy operating.
The deal wipes out Flowgroup?s
shareholders and results in heavy
losses for junior secured creditors,
including Palm Energy and Lombard
Odier bank. Shell, which is understood
to be owed � million, is expected to be
repaid in full.
Palm, a Connecticut-based investment fund that expects to lose more
than �million, has accused Shell of
blocking an alternative sale on more
favourable terms to Ovo Energy,
another mid-sized supplier. Palm says
that its loans, as well as Shell?s, would
have been repaid by the sale to Ovo.
Shell, an oil and gas major that operates in more than 70 countries worldwide, has long had an energy trading
business and carries out wholesale
trading for several of Britain?s growing
legion of small suppliers, including Ovo
Energy and Flow Energy. This year it
made its first move into direct household supply by buying First Utility, one
of Ovo?s biggest rivals.
Provincial House Estates, a smaller
lender, suggested that Shell may be
blocking the Ovo deal amid a ?conflict
of interest? and claimed that it would
report the matter to the competition
watchdog and other financial regulators.
The sale of Flow Energy to Co-op
was narrowly approved by shareholders in Flowgroup yesterday after a
heated general meeting that overran
from Friday. Shareholders also would
have been wiped out under the proposed Ovo deal.
Palm, which had a 17 per cent shareholding in Flowgroup, voted against the
Co-op deal and accused Shell of giving
?no legal or regulatory reason? for
opposing a sale to Ovo. It also took the
unusual step of issuing a stock market
announcement reporting ?speculation?
from Chris Maybury, of Provincial
House Estates, that Shell might be
blocking the Ovo deal for ?competitive
reasons?. According to Palm?s release,
Mr Maybury believes that ?Shell and
First Utility might be trying to prevent
Ovo from growing? and that ?by favouring Co-op Energy over Ovo, Shell
gains a new trading customer at the
other creditors? expense?.
A spokesman for Shell dismissed the
allegations that it had ulterior motives
as ?completely without merit?.
It is understood that the company regarded the Co-op transaction as a firm
agreement and that the prospect of a
sale to Ovo as much further off.
On April 10 Flowgroup said that its
board ? which includes Brad Tirpak, a
representative of Palm ? had
unanimously recommended that
shareholders back the Co-op deal as
?the only realistic course of action open
to the company?. Mr Tirpak said that
the deal with Ovo had got to contract
stage only last week and claimed that
Ovo had been willing to repay Shell in
full today, but that Shell had refused to
engage with the proposal.
Mr Maybury did not respond to
requests for comment.
Ovo declined to comment.
A penthouse in Henley-onThames and a house in
Nottingham, left, are both
on sale with Humberts
Humberts
is laid low
by prime
suspect
A
n estate agent
with a 176-year
history that
specialises in
high-end
properties has called in
administrators (David
Byers writes).
Humberts, which has
23 branches including a
new office in Mayfair,
central London, is on the
brink of failure because
of ?turbulent market
conditions and pressures
on the industry as a
whole?, Ian Westerling,
its managing director,
said.
The agency, which was
founded in 1842,
specialised in country
houses before expanding
in London. It has been in
administration before,
when it merged with
Chestertons, a rival, in
2009, before demerging
in 2013.
Humberts has asked
Begbies Traynor, the
insolvency specialist, to
find a buyer for profitable
parts of the business and
has warned that
redundancies will follow.
Sources said that Mr
Westerling had agreed to
stand down at the end of
this process.
Humberts? failure
comes amid turmoil at
the ?prime? end of the
London market, which is
classed as comprising
residential properties
upwards of �5 million. A
report last month by
Knight Frank, the estate
agency, suggested that
prices had fallen by 8 per
cent since August 2015,
while Coutts, the private
bank that specialises in
catering to wealthy
customers, said that
53 per cent of prime
property was being sold
below the asking price,
compared with 42 per
cent last year.
Last week Begbies
Traynor reported a 46 per
cent increase in property
companies described as
being in ?significant
financial distress?.
Charlie Ellingworth, of
Property Vision, a buying
agency, said that ?at a
time of stiff competition,
you need to be more
nimble in this market?.
Interserve sees red over past failures Aviva prefers to hand over
Robert Lea Industrial Editor
Signing up to a host of loss-making
contracts and a disastrous foray into
building energy-from-waste facilities
have helped to send Interserve tumbling �4 million into the red.
Glyn Barker, chairman of the private
sector provider of public services, said
that the company had ?suffered unprecedented levels of disruption and
faced significant challenges? as it reported deep losses and warned that
debts could more than double to
�0 million this year.
Mr Barker has attracted criticism
over Interserve?s slide. He ousted
Adrian Ringrose, its former chief executive, in November 2016 and Debbie
White, Mr Ringrose?s successor, did not
arrive until September last year.
Interserve is one of Britain?s largest
providers of public services. Its rivals
include Capita, Serco and Mitie, all of
which have had serious financial issues.
The company has �2 billion of annual
revenues and employs 75,000 people.
Mr Barker, a former senior partner at
PWC, the accounting giant, said that
many of the company?s present problems were the result of ?self-inflicted
mistakes of the past? with ?inadequate?
financial and operating discipline.
?The resulting stress and uncertainty
have led to anxiety among our staff,
suppliers and customers and significant
loss of value for our shareholders from
�0m
The company?s estimated level of debt
arising from lossmaking contracts
Interserve
the fall in our share price,? Mr Barker
said.
The company?s shares, which have
crashed by more than 80 per cent over
the past five years, slumped a further
13紁, or 12.3 per cent, to close at 93緋
yesterday.
The �4 million losses for 2017
included a 62 per cent slump in underlying operating profits to � million.
Interserve was dragged into the red by
writedowns of � million on the value
of its assets, � million of restructuring
and property costs and provisions of
� million for lossmaking contracts.
About 125 of its contracts are in
trouble. These are mainly in construction, but also include losses that
Interserve is taking for looking after US
military bases in Britain and a hit from
the part-privatisation of the Probation
Service. It took an extra � million of
charges in the energy-from-waste
fiasco that started the company?s crisis
after it incurred �0 million of fines
and penalties in 2016.
Interserve also reported � million
of payments to consultants and
advisers with a warning that the
company would incur another � million this year.
Last week Interserve raised �6 million, taking its borrowing facilities to
�4 million. Ms White said: ?I would
not say we are out of the woods. The
debt refinancing has taken up a lot of
our time.?
Tempus, page 44
�m of payouts to investors
Harry Wilson City Editor
About 2,000 investors who sold their
Aviva preference shares after the
insurer announced plans to cancel the
stock are to receive a total of about
� million in compensation.
Aviva backtracked on plans to withdraw �0 million of its preference
shares last month after facing a barrage
of criticism. However, the insurance
company said yesterday that investors
who had sold stock before it had reversed its decision would receive a
?goodwill payment?.
Unlike ordinary shares, preference
shares do not give holders voting rights,
but offer a fixed rate of interest, making
them closer to financial securities, such
as bonds. Aviva, the largest insurance
company in Britain, scrapped plans to
cancel its prefenence shares at the end
of March, having revealed the proposals on March 8.
The price of Aviva preference shares,
as well as those of other companies,
crashed after the initial announcement, meaning that investors who sold
in the window between the first statement and the second lost out as the
stock recovered in value.
Aviva said that according to its estimates ?fewer than 2,000 individual
investors? had sold in the period
between March 8 and March 22 and
that compensating them for their losses
would cost up to � million. It said that
despite receiving ?clear legal advice?
that it could cancel its irredeemable
preference shares, it recognised the
?strong feedback and criticism? that it
had received since then.
The Financial Conduct Authority
has launched an investigation into the
episode and Aviva said that it would
?continue to engage? with the watchdog. It said it was making its payments
to investors voluntarily, although the
FCA had been consulted on the move.
Tempus, page 44
40
2G M
Tuesday May 1 2018 | the times
Business
GETTY IMAGES
Leisure industry is
having a tough ride
C
onsumers are
spending less
on leisure
activities,
including going
to the pub, eating out,
going to the cinema and
ordering takeaways, as
they focus more of their
budgets on essentials,
according to Deloitte
(Tom Knowles writes).
In the first quarter of
this year, consumers cut
their spending in seven
out of eleven leisure
categories that the
accounting group
monitors, with culture
and entertainment
spending falling the most
? by four percentage
points year-on-year.
The survey is likely to
be of concern to the
casual eating sector,
which is suffering from
rising labour costs,
business rates, rent and
food inflation. Several
restaurant chains, such
as Byron, Prezzo and
Jamie?s Italian have had
to go through painful
restructurings.
The fall in leisure
spending also marks a
change from a trend over
the past two years.
However, the survey of
3,000 people by Deloitte
showed that 45 per cent
of those who spent less
on going out in the first
quarter had done so
?because they could not
afford it, suggesting that
consumers were
consciously downshifting
their discretionary
spending?.
Attending live sporting
events, playing sport or
going to the gym are the
only leisure categories
that can expect a rise in
spending over the next
three months, Deloitte
said, with increases of
Cycling and other outdoor pursuits are attracting a bigger share of declining leisure spending at the expense of restaurants, pubs and cinemas
one percentage point.
Whitsun Fjordland
cruise
CRUISE
SAI LI N G FRO M LO N D O N TI LB U RY
Break-up is not on the
agenda, say WPP chiefs
Alex Ralph
EIGHT DAYS FROM
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The new joint chief operating officers
at WPP, parachuted in last month to
run the world?s biggest advertising
group, have opened the door to selling off parts of the group but have
ruled out a complete break-up.
Mark Read, head of WPP?s
Wunderman agency, and Andrew
Scott are conducting a review of
WPP?s strategy and have vowed to
tackle parts of the business that are
underperforming.
They were appointed to help to
stabilise WPP after the resignation of
Sir Martin Sorrell, the group?s
founder and chief executive, in the
wake of an investigation by WPP into
allegations of personal misconduct
and abuse of company assets, which
he denies.
The sudden exit of Sir Martin, who
had run WPP for more than 30 years
and who was the FTSE 100?s longestserving chief executive, triggered
speculation of a possible break-up of
the group. It is also under pressure
from corporate customers, such as
Procter & Gamble and Unilever, who
are cutting back spending, and from a
shake-up of the advertising industry
triggered by Google and Facebook.
Sir Martin built WPP from a maker
of wire baskets in the mid-1980s into
a business with about 200,000
employees and annual revenues of
� billion.
The FTSE 100 company provides
services from advertising and buying
slots on television and the internet to
�bn
Annual revenues of WPP, which
employs about 200,000 people
WPP
market research. Kantar, WPP?s
market research division, which accounts for about 15 per cent of group
profits, is among the assets that could
be offloaded, as well as minority
stakes in several companies. WPP?s
investments include positions in
Vice, the publisher, and Globant, a
Nasdaq-listed software group. CVC
Capital Partners is said to have approached WPP over a sale of Kantar.
Mr Read, who is keen to succeed Sir
Martin as chief executive, said yesterday that he did not think that ?breaking up the group makes sense? but
that the review over the next few
months could look at ?options
around the edges?. He was ?not ruling
out specific asset sales?.
?Our top 30 clients account for
around a third of the business and are
asking us to integrate our service
more,? he said. ?They are not asking
us to break up. They want fewer
points to manage their marketing,
not more.?
Analysts at Liberum said that the
plans ?all sound sensible, but this will
take time against a backdrop of an increasingly competitive marketplace?.
The potential asset sales came
alongside a first-quarter trading update that was better than forecast and
that helped to push shares in WPP up
8.6 per cent to �.47�. They had fallen by almost a third in the past year.
WPP said that like-for-like net
sales had fallen by 0.1 per cent in the
three months to the end of March,
compared with analyst forecasts of a
drop of almost 1 per cent. It picked up
new business of about �2 billion in
the quarter.
New inquiry into HBOS Reading fraud
Harry Wilson City Editor
Police have begun a fresh investigation into the turnaround unit of a
subsidiary of Lloyds Banking Group,
a year after six people were jailed over
a �5 million scam that ruined
business customers of the lender.
The National Crime Agency said
that it would be conducting a preinvestigative review of the HBOS
Reading fraud after complaints from
businesses alleging ?significant fraud
involving a former employee of
HBOS and associates?. The agency
said: ?These include allegations of
asset-stripping, through the use of
corrupt consultants, as well as
allegations of fraud and money laundering. The sums of money involved
could be significant, running to many
millions.?
Last February six people were
jailed over the fraud, including two
former bank employees, prompting
Lloyds to apologise and set up a
�0 million compensation scheme.
The fraud involved consultants
who bribed a senior manager in the
bank?s business support unit to force
customers to employ their services,
then syphoned off hundreds of millions of pounds in loans and fees.
Victims argue that the prosecution
involved only a fraction of wrongdoing involving HBOS Reading. The
NCA inquiry will look at wider allegations of fraud across operations in
London and the southeast.
A Lloyds spokesman said: ?Lloyds
Banking Group will fully assist this
review by the National Crime Agency, which follows on from the original
investigation led by Thames Valley
police and subsequent criminal trial.?
the times | Tuesday May 1 2018
41
2G M
Business
Mobile rivals?? merger ?is good for America?
James Dean US Business Editor
The boss of Deutsche Telekom said
yesterday that he had ?never been so
optimistic? about the proposed merger
of T-Mobile US and Sprint, despite
facing a showdown with regulators in
Washington.
Tim H鰐tges, chief executive of
Deutsche Telekom, which owns
T-Mobile, said that remained confident
of the deal, regardless of previous failures to merge the two mobile operators
and a heightened level of scrutiny over
big takeover deals since President
Trump was elected.
T-Mobile said on Sunday that it
wanted to buy Sprint for $26 billion,
marking the third time in the past four
years that the companies have
attempted to merge. T-Mobile US,
which is valued at $55 billion, is the
third largest mobile network operator
in America. Sprint, which is valued at
$21 billion, is the fourth biggest.
Investors reacted negatively to the
idea yesterday, sending the New Yorklisted shares of T-Mobile US down by
7.5 per cent to $59.68 and those of
Sprint even lower, down 15 per cent to
$5.52.
The proposal comes as a competition
case involving AT&T, Time Warner
and the US justice department reaches
its closing stages. AT&T and Time
Warner are seeking to merge to create
a $280 billion media giant, but the
department blocked the deal last
November after fierce criticism from
Mr Trump.
Mr H鰐tges said: ?I have been working on this deal for seven years. We have
never been so optimistic as we have
been today. It?s good for America and
good for its consumers.?
In addition to scrutiny from the
justice department, the deal is likely to
attract the attention of the Federal
Communications Commission and
could interest the Committee on
Foreign Investment in the United
States, which reviews deals that involve
a key interest of a non-US company,
such as Deutsche Telekom.
A merger between T-Mobile US and
Sprint would be the eighth largest on
record in the telecoms industry. The
largest was Vodafone?s $202.8 billion
takeover of Mannesmann in 1999.
Verizon is the largest mobile network
operator in the US, with about
116 million mobile customers, followed
by AT&T, which has about 93 million
customers. Combined, T-Mobile and
Sprint would have about 100 million
mobile customers.
John Legere, chief executive of
T-Mobile US, said: ?This isn?t a case of
going from four to three wireless
companies. There are now at least
seven or eight big competitors in this
converging market.?
Deutsche Telekom owns 62 per cent
of T-Mobile US, while Softbank, the
Japanese internet and telecoms conglomerate owned by Masayoshi Son,
the entrepreneur, owns 83 per cent of
Sprint. Under the terms of the proposed
deal, Deutsche Telekom would have a
42 per cent stake in the combined
company and Softbank 27 per cent.
Deutsche Telekom would assume
Softbank?s voting rights for four years,
giving it effective control of 69 per cent
of the merged company.
Talks about a tie-up between
T-Mobile US and Sprint collapsed in
November last year because of a disagreement over who would control the
merged company. An attempted
merger in 2014 was dropped after pressure from competition officials.
In 2011, AT&T withdrew a $39 billion
bid for T-Mobile US after the justice
department blocked the deal.
GETTY IMAGES
US shale oil
boom fuels
oil refiners?
link-up plan
McDonald?s
bites back
with new
recipes
F
resh beef and
reduced calorie
Happy Meals have
enticed customers
to spend more
money at McDonald?s
restaurants and extend a
rally for the fast-food giant
(James Dean writes).
Comparable sales grew by
5.5 per cent in the first three
months of the year, marking
the 11th consecutive quarter
of growth, McDonald?s said
yesterday.
Visits to McDonald?s
restaurants worldwide fell
for three straight years to
the end of 2015. This led
Steve Easterbrook, its
British-born chief
executive, to launch a
turnaround plan that
focused on driving more
customers into McDonald?s
restaurants by offering
cut-price deals, premium
gourmet burgers and fresh
rather than frozen beef in
its quarter-pounders.
First-quarter customer
James Dean
The McDonald?s in Times Square, New York. A turnaround plan using cut-price deals and lower-calorie meals has paid off
visits increased by 0.8 per
cent, the fifth consecutive
quarter of growth. Mr
Easterbrook said:
?We are satisfying the
rising expectations
customers have for the taste
and quality of our food.?
First-quarter profit rose to
$1.4 billion from $1.2 billion
a year before, as revenue fell
to $5.1 billion from
$5.7 billion, beating Wall
Street?s forecasts. Revenues
are declining because
McDonald?s is selling
thousands of companyowned restaurants to
franchisees. Shares in
McDonald?s were higher by
4.3 per cent at $165.14 in the
early afternoon in New York
yesterday, valuing
the company at $131 billion.
Prince closes door on spell Oligarch calls for changes
in captivity with hotels deal at Rusal to lift sanctions
Dominic Walsh
Prince Alwaleed bin Talal is selling his
holding in M鰒enpick Hotels & Resorts
in the billionaire investor?s first big deal
since he was released after an anticorruption drive in his native Saudi
Arabia.
The prince, once dubbed the world?s
richest Arab, was freed in January after
being held at Riyadh?s Ritz-Carlton
hotel for three months.
M鰒enpick, in which the prince?s
Kingdom Holding Company has a
33.3 per cent stake, is being acquired by
Accor Hotels, the French group behind
such brands as Sofitel and Mercure, in a
cash deal worth ?482 million.
Founded in 1973 in Switzerland,
M鰒enpick operates 84 hotels in 27
countries across Europe, the Middle
East, Africa and Asia-Pacific. It has
plans for another 42 hotels by 2021. It is
the second deal that the prince has
done with Accor since S閎astien Bazin,
the French group?s chairman and chief
executive, embarked on an acquisition
spree. Two years ago, the French group
acquired FRHI Hotels & Resorts, the
operator of the Raffles and Swiss魌el
brands, for $2.9 billion. Kingdom took a
5.8 per cent stake in Accor as part of the
sale of its 35.3 per cent stake in FRHI.
Kingdom has been an investor in
M鰒enpick since 1998 alongside
M鰒enpick Holding, the Swiss hotel,
restaurant and wine company that is
selling its 66.7 per cent to Accor. The
deal is expected to be completed later
this year.
Since his release from detention,
Prince Alwaleed has denied any wrongdoing, claiming that Kingdom had received a vote of confidence from the Saudi government for its investment
strategy and business operations.
Robin Pagnamenta
Deputy Business Editor
One of the biggest shareholders in
Rusal has said that the company needs
a new strategy to ensure that American
sanctions are lifted as soon as possible.
Rusal, the world?s second biggest
aluminium producer with 6 per cent of
global output, is controlled by Oleg
Deripaska. The United States named
the billionaire and Rusal in a list of
those to be sanctioned over concern in
Washington about Russia?s ?malign
activities?.
Rusal, which is listed in Hong Kong,
employs 62,000 people at 44 sites producing 3.9 million tonnes of aluminium
and 10.5 million tonnes of alumina ore
each year.
Sual Partners, the investment vehicle
of Viktor Vekselberg, another Russian
oligarch, owns a 22.5 per cent stake.
Andrei Shtorkh, of Sual, said that it
would take ?all necessary steps to
facilitate the swift lifting? of sanctions
on Rusal.
In a statement, he added: ?Sual
Partners believe that in these circumstances Rusal cannot keep working and
evolving in the same way as it did
before.
Serious
transformations,
reflecting the new reality, must be
carried out.
?For this purpose, the board of
directors and the shareholders of Rusal
must swiftly start discussions on the
company?s new strategy, which will
determine the new thrust of its development in the short and longer term.?
Suppliers and buyers have scrambled
to sever links with Rusal in the wake of
the sanctions. Mr Deripaska has agreed
to cut his stake in En+, a power company that holds a 48 per cent share of
Rusal, after being asked to cede control.
A record $23.3 billion deal to create
America?s largest oil refiner was struck
yesterday when Marathon Petroleum
agreed to buy its rival Andeavor.
The deal, the largest to be announced
in the US refining industry, would
create a company larger than Valero
Energy, the market leader.
Marathon, which is worth about
$37 billion, is the country?s second
largest oil refiner, processing 1.9 million
barrels of crude per day at six facilities
in the eastern United States. It owns or
leases about 10,800 miles of oil pipelines in the country and owns Speedway, America?s second largest petrol
station and convenience store chain,
which has about 2,700 sites
Andeavor, worth about $22 billion,
operates ten refineries in the western
US that process about 1.2 million barrels of crude a day. The company also
owns or leases several pipelines.
A merged company would have a
16 per cent share of the US refining
market at a time when oil prices are
climbing.
Gary Heminger, chief executive of
Marathon, said that the merger ?allows
us to go after and find ways to create a
bigger presence in the Permian?. The
Permian Basin, in West Texas, is a
hotbed of activity for shale oil. Rising
output there has propelled US crude
production to an all-time high of
10.5 million barrels per day.
Marathon has offered $152.27 per
Andeavor share, a 24 per cent premium
over the closing price on Friday. Marathon shares were down by 5.7 per cent
to $76.76 yesterday as Andeavor shares
jumped by 14.2 per cent to $139.92.
The deal would bring about a big
payday for Paul Foster, an oil entrepreneur who last year sold his Western
Refining business to Andeavor. At the
price proposed by Marathon, his shares
in Andeavor are worth almost $1 billion,
a regulatory filing suggests.
Greg Goff, chief executive of
Andeavor, has about 760,000 shares
worth $120 million, the filing shows.
Tudor Pickering Holt & Co, the
energy analyst, said that a challenge
from competition officials was unlikely,
given that the companies? operations
were on opposite side of the US.
The deal follows hard on the heels of
a $9.5 billion tie-up between Concho
Resources and RSP Permian, also
focused on the Permian Basin.
42
Tuesday May 1 2018 | the times
1G M
Business
The Times unit trust information service
Sell
Buy
+/-
Yld
%
For Abbey National see Santander
For Allchurches see Ecclesiastical
ALLIANZ GLOBAL INVESTORS
Inv Serv: 020 7065 1400 Helpline: 0800 317 573
Gilt Yield A ?@
Strategic Bond Fund ?@
UK Corp Bond C ?@
UK Eqty C ?@
UK Eqty Inc A ?@
UK Gwth A ?@
UK Index A Inc ?@
UK Mid Cap A ?@
176.79
148.24
104.79
6317.26
306.90
5933.52
1423.81
5184.69
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.25
+0.06
-0.78
-14.91
+3.10
+20.00
-5.83
+17.18
1.25
0.49
3.87
3.28
4.35
1.21
3.01
0.13
1711.24
110.59
105.37
378.80
35.30
276.56
134.21
99.76
109.34
84.71
463.46
250.26
75.17
90.97
101.79
60.53
101.61
60.58
592.72
1783.98
635.91
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1.79
0.79
0.79
0.85
0.43
0.86
3.64
3.75
?
5.46
3.82
3.93
4.29
?
3.35
3.42
3.35
3.41
1.20
1.31
1.61
AXA FRAMLINGTON UNIT MGMT LTD
Dling: 0845 602 1952 Priv Clients: 0845 777 5511
Equity Inc ?@
572.40
Gilt Acc @
201.30
Gilt Inc @
74.35
Health Acc ?@
1805.00
Jap Smlr Co Ac @
62.56
Managed Inc ?@
142.00
Monthly Inc Inc ?@
258.90
UK Growth Inc ?@
211.20
UK Select Opps Inc ?@ 1939.00
UK Sml Cos Inc ?@
295.00
?
211.80
78.24
?
66.09
?
?
?
?
?
-2.70
+0.10
-0.39
+16.00
-0.19
+0.10
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+1.50
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1.09
?
0.30
4.16
4.55
1.58
0.22
0.05
AXA FUND MANAGERS LTD
Admin & Enq 0117 989 0808
AXA Trusts
Gen Acc ?@
Gen Inc ?@
2101.00
1079.00
?
?
+6.00
-2.00
2.64
2.70
UK/Global Investment Companies
Euro Acc A ?@
Extra Inc Inc B ?@
Global Gwth Acc R ?@
Japan Acc A ?@
Pac Gwth Acc A ?@
249.80
89.49
210.90
164.50
474.80
?
?
?
?
?
152.00
578.50
573.80
226.20
1.80
0.88
1.10
1.27
1.65
154.30
?
582.50
229.60
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?
1.19
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4.66
CLOSE FUND MANAGEMENT LTD
0870 606 6402
Beacon Inv ?
84.88
?
+0.35
0.01
Dealing: 020 7426 6232
Winchester ?
2707.65
?
+11.94
1.43
EDENTREE INV MGMT LTD
0800 358 3010
Amity European A ?
Amity International A ?
Amity Sterling Bond A ?
Amity UK A Inc ?
Higher Income A ?
UK Equity Growth A ?
271.50
277.90
106.00
241.10
139.40
291.60
?
?
?
?
?
?
+1.20
+1.70
+0.10
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+1.00
+1.90
1.11
1.18
4.58
1.48
4.45
1.07
Corporate Bond ?@
Ethical ?@
European ?@
Far Eastern ?
Fund of Inv Tst ?@
Intl Gwth ?
Japanese ?
North Amer ?
Smaller Cos ?@
Special Sits ?@
UK Equity Inc ?@
UK FTSE 100 IT ?@
UK FTSE All-S IT ?@
UK Growth ?@
Yld
%
2252.00
27.63
3858.00
1947.00
149.50
368.90
49.65
327.60
79.77
36.54
109.15
4034.00
69.75
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
327.60
?
?
?
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72.18
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0.89
2.94
?
?
0.08
?
4.32
0.21
2.38
2.86
2.63
0.94
0.44
?
?
?
?
?
?
15.00
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
35.49
81.69
87.97
104.60
115.80
87.13
62.01
87.26
119.70
48.45
88.09
60.54
69.21
80.99
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
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+0.23
+0.34
+1.40
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+0.75
Amer Ind Acc ?@
Amer Ind Inc ?@
Euro Ind Acc ?@
Euro Ind Inc ?@
FTSE 100 Ind Acc ?@
FTSE 100 Ind Inc ?@
FTSE 250 Ind Acc ?@
FTSE 250 Ind Inc ?@
FTSE All-S Acc ?@
FTSE All-S Inc ?@
Jap Ind Acc ?@
Jap Ind Inc ?@
Pac Ind Acc ?@
Pac Ind Inc ?@
502.73
431.31
872.02
627.38
230.63
124.77
272.09
187.33
592.79
356.88
123.47
105.36
387.20
275.30
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+2.07
+1.78
+5.35
+3.85
+2.08
+1.12
+1.40
+0.96
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+2.96
+0.41
+0.35
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+3.25
Balanced Acc ?@
214.41
Balanced Inc ?@
143.10
Corp Bd Acc ?@
277.59
Corp Bd Inc ?@
121.77
Gilt & Fd Int Acc ?@
460.58
Gilt & Fd Int Inc ?@
71.68
Income Acc ?@
661.61
Income Inc ?@
330.08
Monthly Inc Acc ?@
301.55
Monthly Inc Inc ?@
147.80
UK Grth & Inc Ret B Acc ?@136.61
UK Grth & Inc Ret B Inc ?@72.46
UK Gth & Inc Acc ?@
136.61
UK Gth & Inc Inc ?@
72.46
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+1.28
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+0.08
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+2.38
+1.70
+0.83
+0.99
+0.53
+0.99
+0.53
Buy
+/-
Yld
%
Cautious Managed A Acc ?@421.21
Cautious Managed A Inc ?@277.90
Diversified Growth A Acc ?@127.96
Diversified Growth A Inc ?@139.97
Diversified Income A Acc ?@306.76
Diversified Income A Inc ?@79.49
Emerging Mkts Blended Debt A Acc ?@117.46
Emerging Mkts Blended Debt A Acc Gross ?@125.82
Emerging Mkts Blended Debt A Inc ?@89.59
Emerging Mkts Equity A Acc ?@150.20
Emrg Mkts Local Curr Debt A Acc ?@187.06
Emrg Mkts Local Curr Debt A Inc ?@97.82
Emrg Mkts Local Curr Debt Gross I Acc ?@220.49
Enhanced Natural Resources A Acc ?@119.26
Global Bond A Acc ?@
139.30
Global Bond A Inc ?@
109.33
Global Bond I Gross Inc ?@1167.00
Global Dynamic A Acc ?@ 153.20
Global Energy A Acc ?@ 199.26
Global Equity A Acc ?@ 154.72
Global Franchise A Acc ?@191.88
Global Free Enterprise A Acc ?@922.99
Global Gold A Acc ?@
124.06
Global Special Situations A Acc ?@275.38
Global Special Situations A Inc ?@217.43
Managed Growth A Acc ?@231.04
Monthly High Income A Acc ?@219.98
Monthly High Income A Inc ?@68.11
Multi-Asset Protector A Acc ?@173.34
Strategic Bond A Acc ?@ 244.54
Strategic Bond A Inc ?@ 119.47
Target Return A Acc ?@ 102.12
Target Return A Inc ?@ 89.68
UK Alpha A Acc ?@
2496.71
UK Blue Chip A Acc ?@ 770.11
UK Smaller Companies A Acc ?@4827.39
UK Smaller Companies A Inc ?@4376.59
UK Special Situations A Acc ?@1222.21
UK Special Situations A Inc ?@469.52
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.69
+0.46
+0.35
+0.39
+0.40
+0.11
+0.47
+0.20
+0.36
+1.84
+0.82
+0.43
-0.05
+0.29
+4.03
+3.00
+29.78
+1.06
-0.39
+0.86
+0.77
+6.47
+0.25
+1.85
+1.45
+0.98
?
?
+0.69
+0.19
+0.09
+0.09
+0.07
+15.50
+3.15
+11.41
+10.34
+8.62
+3.31
?
?
0.86
0.91
2.81
4.26
4.92
4.21
6.85
0.37
5.47
7.41
5.42
0.63
0.83
0.82
1.26
0.38
1.30
0.43
1.76
0.04
?
?
?
0.08
3.62
5.11
0.16
1.94
3.31
0.89
0.88
1.65
1.67
0.95
0.96
1.57
1.59
For ISIS Asset Mgmt see F&C Fd Mgmt Ltd (OEICS)
New Europe A ?@
Portfolio ?@
Stg Corp Bd A Acc ?@
Stg Corp Bd A Inc ?@
UK Act 350 A Acc ?@
UK Dynamic Acc ?@
UK Dynamic Inc ?@
UK Equity A Acc ?@
UK Equity A Inc ?@
UK Eqy & Bd Inc Acc ?@
UK Eqy & Bd Inc Inc ?@
UK Higher Inc A Acc ?@
UK Higher Inc A Inc ?@
UK Sm Cos A Acc ?@
UK Str Eq Inc A Acc ?@
UK Str Eq Inc A Inc ?@
US A Acc ?@
US Sm Cos A Acc ?@
Sell
Buy
+/-
Yld
%
197.60
261.70
92.67
55.58
199.00
207.70
163.70
401.90
46.44
167.10
90.29
1108.00
576.40
494.40
193.00
115.20
1036.00
639.70
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.90
+0.50
+0.16
+0.10
-2.20
+0.90
+0.60
+0.60
+0.07
-0.20
-0.48
+8.00
+3.90
+0.80
+1.40
+0.90
+25.00
+2.00
?
0.65
1.49
1.98
?
0.98
1.57
3.45
3.49
3.41
3.50
2.55
4.56
?
3.31
3.88
?
?
JUPITER UT MGRS LTD
020 7581 3020
Absolute Return ?@
54.42
Distribution and Growth ?@123.63
Emg Euro Opps ?@
209.07
Euro Special Sits ?@
418.67
European ?@
2175.23
Financial Opps ?@
620.96
Income Trust ?@
581.52
Merlin Bal (Acc) ?@
182.81
Merlin Gwth (Acc) ?@ 405.29
Merlin Inc (Acc) ?@
296.75
Merlin Wwide (Inc) ?@ 290.21
UK Growth ?@
337.03
UK Special Sits (Inc) ?@ 195.63
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.04
+0.73
+0.83
+2.31
+6.12
+3.42
+5.31
+1.13
+4.75
+2.21
+3.88
+3.27
+1.69
?
4.38
1.45
?
?
0.29
4.02
2.10
?
3.06
?
1.16
1.29
LEGAL & GENERAL (UT MGRS) LTD
Enquiries: 0870 050 0955 Dealing: 0870 050 0956
Equity Acc @
Equity Dist @
Euro Ind Acc @
Euro Ind Inc @
Fixed Int Acc @
2616.00
893.80
396.30
285.40
138.20
2639.00
902.00
396.30
285.40
139.00
-8.00
-2.70
+2.50
+1.80
+0.20
2.12
2.15
1.93
1.96
2.55
1.41
1.42
2.62
2.65
2.16
2.19
4.39
4.53
3.85
4.30
4.06
4.18
4.06
4.18
Sell
American Index Retail Acc ?@502.73
American Index Retail Inc ?@431.31
Asian Gth Acc ?@
156.78
Asian Gth Inc ?@
139.86
Chinese Eq Acc ?@
563.69
Chinese Eq Inc ?@
478.71
Euro Gth Acc ?@
844.00
Euro Gth Inc ?@
723.47
+0.08
+1.60
+5.00
+0.03
+3.50
+1.70
+0.04
+0.03
?
?
+2.20
+6.00
+0.10
+22.00
?
?
+4.00
2.73
?
0.86
2.92
3.43
?
5.36
3.57
3.18
3.37
?
0.96
0.47
1.14
3.25
3.34
0.34
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+2.07
+1.78
+2.68
+2.39
+10.14
+8.61
+5.21
+4.47
1.48
1.50
0.37
0.46
0.21
0.22
1.48
1.52
322.55
262.17
393.13
99.69
403.88
475.71
331.53
83.98
275.04
49.06
130.89
71.96
95.54
498.71
756.24
628.94
340.42
276.69
414.92
?
426.26
502.07
349.90
88.64
290.28
51.78
138.15
76.96
100.84
526.34
798.14
663.79
-3.34
-0.93
-1.40
-0.89
-3.57
-4.21
-3.09
-0.29
-0.92
-0.03
-0.06
+0.17
-0.11
-2.81
+1.64
+1.36
?
1.52
1.49
4.77
2.18
2.24
0.12
4.43
4.32
0.94
0.66
1.30
0.58
1.34
0.15
0.21
INSIGHT INVESTMENT FDS MANAGEMENT LTD
Client Servs: 0800 124 314
Insight Investment Global Investment Funds
Mthly Inc Bd Inc ?@
Mthly Inc Bd N Inc ?@
48.44
91.99
?
?
+0.10
+0.19
Insigt Investment Portfolio Fund
Insight Investment Multi-Manager Funds (0800)
96.05
93.79
?
?
-0.32
-0.36
UK Str Inc N/Trl ?@
533.58
?
+1.90
3.36
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+1.94
+0.26
+1.16
+2.37
+4.04
+0.01
+0.19
+2.28
+4.98
+3.78
+0.04
2.17
2.88
3.67
4.12
3.74
0.04
4.88
2.24
2.10
0.27
?
INVESCO PERPETUAL Funds
Childrens Acc ?@
470.00
Corp Bond Acc ?@
201.94
High Income Inc ?@
447.11
Income & Grth Inc ?@
428.07
Income Inc ?@
1704.04
Money Acc ?@
90.42
Monthly Inc Plus Inc ?@ 109.04
UK Aggressive Inc ?@
204.38
UK Growth Acc ?@
686.89
UK Sml Cos Eqty Acc ?@ 1258.60
UK Sml Cos Gwth ?@
82.54
American A Acc ?@
357.98
Asia ex Japan A Acc ?@ 640.10
Capital Accumulator A Acc ?@237.69
?
?
0.10
0.14
0.12
INVESCO FUND MGRS LTD
Dling: 0800 085 8571 Inv Serv: 0800 085 8677
Brkr Serv: 0800 028 2121
INVESCO Funds
Amer Spec Sits ?@
American ?@
Euro Opps ?@
+8.00
+16.00
+3.20
?
4.21
?
?
?
+1.22
+13.82
+1.73
?
0.53
1.18
Yld
%
-0.01
?
+0.20
+0.40
+6.10
+3.40
+3.10
+5.70
+11.10
+6.90
4.20
4.10
3.16
3.24
3.75
3.67
0.79
0.35
MANEK INVESTMENT MGMT LTD
0844 800 9401
Growth Fd Acc @
41.47
43.54
MARKS & SPENCER UNIT TRUST LTD
0808 005 5555
High Income
High Income Acc
UK 100 Comp Acc
UK 100 Cos
UK Select Pflo
UK Selection Port Acc
Worldwide Mgd Acc ?
Wwide Mgd ?
113.00
257.00
384.30
222.70
352.00
638.00
810.50
505.20
113.00
257.00
384.30
222.70
352.00
638.00
?
?
MORGAN STANLEY INVESTMENT MGMT LTD
Enquires: 0800 0961 962
The Morgan Stanley Funds (UK)
Class A Shares
Equity
Eur (Ex UK) Eq A Acc ?@1310.92
Glob Brands A Acc ?@ 7938.59
UK Eq A Acc ?@
1184.53
?
?
?
+4.24
+80.09
-0.02
1.25
1.11
1.66
?
?
?
+3.57
-3.80
?
1.95
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.10
+0.80
+1.40
+1.30
+1.90
+2.90
+1.80
2.70
2.01
5.52
3.03
3.93
3.12
3.20
+6.35
+8.64
+0.73
+0.43
+9.74
+13.33
+6.23
+9.28
-7.28
+4.45
1.45
1.18
0.24
0.56
1.43
1.17
0.24
3.20
?
3.27
Fixed Income
Stg Corp Bd A Acc ?@
UK Ind Lnkd A Acc ?@
UK Long Bd A Acc ?@
Bal Pfolio Inc ?@
Bal Port Gwth Acc ?@
Equity Inc Inc ?@
N&P UK Gwth Inc ?@
Stkmkt 100 Tkr ?@
UK Growth Acc ?@
UK Growth Inc ?@
106.20
203.10
222.00
188.20
220.80
404.40
249.10
SCOTTISH MUTUAL INV MNGRS LTD
0141 248 6100
European Inc
Far Eastern Inc
Intl Growth Inc
Japanese Inc
Mutual European
Mutual Far Eastern
Mutual North Am
Mutual UK Eq
Nth American Inc
UK Equity Inc
1447.24
544.36
569.59
41.85
2220.81
840.51
1983.00
1362.80
1227.65
653.08
1527.43
574.52
601.13
41.85
2343.86
887.08
2092.88
1438.31
1295.67
689.27
200.60
182.90
138.60
225.60
219.30
?
?
?
?
?
0.52
1.04
1.05
0.46
0.48
2507.00
?
+47.00
0.56
326.60
189.50
?
?
+3.60
+2.10
3.12
3.20
+0.80
+0.30
+3.20
+0.10
+0.03
+3.00
+1.20
?
-0.40
-0.30
+2.00
+23.00
1.78
1.80
1.21
5.26
5.41
4.25
4.36
?
3.08
3.13
2.28
1.32
UK and Income Investment Funds
Corp Bond A Acc ?@
311.50
Corp Bond A Inc ?@
126.10
Envir Invtr A Acc ?@
290.60
Hi Inc Bond A Ac ?@
229.90
Hi Inc Bond A Inc ?@
86.68
Hi Res A Acc ?@
364.70
Hi Res A Inc ?@
137.40
Safety Plus A Acc ?@
40.49
Strat Inc A Acc ?@
201.00
Strat Inc A Inc ?@
100.10
UK Gwth A Acc ?@
191.40
UK Sel Gwth A Acc ?@ 1953.00
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
OEIC B Class
Tracker and Specialist Investment Funds
All Stks Credit A Inc ?@ 132.30
Asian Div Inc U Trst Inc @108.71
Cautious Man Fd A Acc ?@268.20
Cautious Man Fd A Inc ?@154.60
China Opp Fund A Acc ?@1462.00
Emg Mkts Opps Fd A Acc ?@209.20
Erpn Grth Fund A Acc ?@ 235.00
Erpn Sel Opps Fd A Acc ?@1646.00
Fix Int Mnthly Inc Fd Acc @28.74
Global Equity Fund Acc @3026.29
Global Equity Income A Inc ?@60.94
Global Tech A Acc ?@ 1681.00
M-Asset Abs Ret A Acc ?@141.70
M-Man Active Fd A Acc ?@223.00
M-Man Inc Grth A Inc ?@ 154.30
M-Man Inc Grth Fd A Acc ?@176.40
Sterling Bond U Trst Acc @220.26
Sterling Bond U Trst Inc @ 64.76
Strategic Bond A Inc ?@ 122.50
UK Abs Ret Fd A Acc ?@ 158.30
UK Alpha Fund A Acc ?@ 153.80
UK Index Fund A Acc ?@ 635.00
UK Irsh Sm Co Fd A Acc ?@670.50
UK Property A Acc @
238.69
UK Property A Inc @
107.40
UK Tracker Fund A Acc ?@285.50
US Growth Fund A Acc ?@1010.00
?
114.21
?
?
?
?
?
?
29.98
3156.65
?
?
?
?
?
?
229.76
67.54
?
?
?
?
?
251.24
113.04
?
?
+0.20
+1.64
+1.10
+0.70
+23.00
+1.80
+1.40
+5.00
+0.02
+13.31
+0.44
+1.00
+0.40
+1.30
+0.80
+1.00
+0.28
+0.08
+0.20
+0.20
+0.60
+5.20
+4.50
+10.37
+4.67
+2.60
+4.00
2.46
5.90
3.33
3.40
0.47
0.31
0.87
0.59
4.50
?
3.39
?
0.43
?
2.16
2.13
2.24
2.27
4.02
?
1.93
2.17
0.44
3.00
2.76
2.21
?
JP MORGAN ASSET MGMT
OEIC
Asia A Acc ?@
210.30
Emerging Mkts ?@
224.30
Eur Dyn (ex-UK) A Acc ?@223.70
Euro Smllr Cos ?@
779.60
Europe A Acc ?@
1465.00
Gbl Hi Yld Bd A Acc ?@ 110.30
Gbl Hi Yld Bd A Inc ?@
36.88
Gl ex-UK Bd A Acc ?@ 262.40
Gl ex-UK Bd A Inc ?@
203.60
Glb Fins A Acc ?@
1077.00
Global A Acc ?@
1331.00
Japan A Acc ?@
467.60
Multi-Man Tst A Acc ?@ 1004.00
Multi-Man Tst A Inc ?@ 919.00
Nat Resources ?@
630.30
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+3.30
+3.20
+1.70
+3.50
+9.00
+0.10
+0.04
+0.40
+0.30
+1.00
+9.00
+1.50
+7.50
+7.30
+1.00
?
?
?
?
?
4.23
5.77
0.15
0.45
1.03
?
?
?
0.56
?
Fixed Int Dist @
Glob Gwth Acc @
Glob Health Acc @
Glob Tech Acc @
Gwth Tst Acc @
High Inc Acc @
Japan Ind Acc @
Pacific Ind Acc @
UK 100 Ind Acc @
UK Active Opps Acc @
UK Index Acc @
UK Index Dist @
US Ind Acc @
Worldwide Acc @
71.16
243.90
64.67
41.08
106.00
127.00
61.52
157.50
186.50
249.90
296.10
166.10
453.80
306.10
71.62
243.90
64.73
41.12
106.50
128.00
61.52
157.50
186.50
252.90
296.10
166.10
453.80
306.10
+0.09
-1.30
+0.46
+0.29
-1.00
+0.10
+0.35
+2.60
+2.60
-0.10
+4.00
+2.20
+3.20
+3.60
2.59
1.15
0.75
0.25
0.17
4.83
0.86
2.26
3.12
?
3.22
3.30
0.88
0.72
M & G SECURITIES
Enq: 0800 390 390 Dealing Line: 0800 328 3196
Authorised Inv Funds
Charifund Inc ?
1620.08
?
+8.77
4.93
+2.26
+2.12
0.20
1.87
+10.33
+0.17
+0.01
-0.23
+0.64
-0.06
+21.50
4.65
1.24
4.91
?
3.94
1.57
2.22
+0.05
+0.33
+0.74
+0.41
3.76
5.08
2.39
2.29
Sterling Class A Investment Funds 1
Euro Smlr Cos Acc ?@
Euro Smlr Cos Inc ?@
432.12
403.77
?
?
Sterling Class A Investment Funds 2
Extra Income Inc ?@
797.56
Gilt & Fxd Int Inc ?@
96.94
Gl Hi Yd Bd Inc ?@
50.20
Index Linked Bd Inc ?@ 137.62
Index Trckr Inc ?@
78.30
Short Dated Corp Bd Inc ?@25.76
UK Select A Inc ?@
3031.21
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
Sterling Class A Investment Funds 3
Corp Bd A Inc ?@
Dividend Inc ?@
Recovery A Inc ?@
Sml Cos Inc ?@
40.31
61.43
143.53
368.02
?
?
?
?
Sterling Class A Investment Funds 4
Episode Allocation A Inc ?@147.87
?
+0.46
1.97
UK Trkr B Acc ?@
UK Trkr B Inc ?@
354.30
188.50
?
?
+3.80
+2.10
3.61
3.69
+0.70
+0.30
+2.00
+24.00
1.97
2.00
2.64
1.58
+1.50
+25.00
3.24
1.83
UK and Income Investment Funds
Corp Bond B Acc ?@
320.90
Corp Bond B Inc ?@
126.00
UK Gwth B Acc ?@
205.20
UK Sel Gwth B Acc ?@ 2034.00
?
?
?
?
UK Gth C Inc ?@
141.90
UK Sel Gwth C Acc ?@ 2113.00
?
?
STANDARD LIFE INVESTMENTS
0845 279 3003
Investment Funds (OEIC) - Retail Shares
95.54
57.06
102.10
137.40
162.80
62.17
199.10
130.20
172.20
129.30
132.80
48.98
104.40
258.00
88.79
54.35
353.10
232.60
261.90
88.58
205.30
256.90
235.60
742.10
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.31
+0.19
+0.40
+0.80
+0.60
+0.24
+2.40
+1.20
+1.60
+1.40
+0.10
+0.01
+0.40
+3.10
+0.09
+0.06
+3.00
+1.30
+2.20
+0.73
+1.60
+1.00
+1.00
+3.20
1.43
1.44
1.81
?
3.02
3.10
1.67
1.05
1.02
0.05
3.02
3.08
0.09
1.62
1.29
1.30
2.11
2.59
3.82
3.94
1.35
0.38
0.38
0.38
?
?
?
+1.05
+1.00
+0.80
1.65
1.66
1.87
SVS BROWN SHIPLEY FUNDS
Enquiries: 0141 222 1151
Balanced A Acc ?@
Balanced A Inc ?@
Cautious A Acc ?@
Yld
%
103.49
266.38
251.51
284.02
225.91
228.99
96.04
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.75
+2.57
+2.43
+2.69
+1.18
+0.22
+0.09
1.86
1.02
1.01
0.95
2.99
2.67
2.72
UK Oseas Earns ?@
130.17
?
+1.22
2.02
115.60
155.90
80.90
?
?
?
+0.40
+0.60
+0.53
1.29
0.87
3.89
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.09
+0.04
+0.10
+0.11
+0.84
+0.85
+0.02
+1.30
+0.55
+0.54
+1.26
+0.97
-2.77
1.06
3.41
2.92
2.55
4.24
3.79
4.62
1.76
3.97
4.75
1.79
1.54
0.16
707.00
219.40
+4.10
+1.00
1.56
?
Managed Funds
Def Eqty & Bd Acc ?@
Eqty & Bd Acc ?@
Mgd Income ?@
120.70
114.35
111.00
Stg Bd Ret Inc ?@
Strat Bd Ret ?@
UK Corp Bond ?@
UK Corp Ret ?@
UK Eqty Inc Ret ?@
UK Gwth & Inc Ret ?@
UK Hi Yld Bd 1 ?@
UK Inst Acc ?@
UK Mnthly Extra Inc ?@
UK Mnthly Inc Ret ?@
UK Retail ?@
UK Sel Retail ?@
UK Smaller Cos ?@
56.57
46.49
61.51
61.39
97.11
94.27
42.79
166.62
81.44
75.57
143.38
133.35
341.86
For Resolution see Ignis
TU FUND MANAGERS LIMITED
British
European
671.70
210.70
* Yield expressed as CAR (Compound Annual Return);
? Ex dividend; ?Middle price; . . . No significant data. #
Periodic charge deducted from capital; @ Exit charge
British funds
Stock
Price
Int Yld Grs rd
(�) +/?
% yld
108.87
373.07
126.82
374.13
118.16
121.29
138.32
127.55
378.33
156.47
151.09
277.35
145.62
173.21
168.93
178.32
164.26
169.66
200.81
169.50
200.09
196.53
265.64
206.91
213.67
249.03
249.33
264.95
104.00
360.97
117.79
355.46
111.02
113.84
128.67
118.89
354.00
145.05
139.88
259.90
133.96
159.00
154.29
161.81
148.24
151.89
178.81
157.14
176.72
171.51
231.14
176.93
181.37
208.77
204.60
214.78
Tr IL 0V% 19
104.09
Tr IL 2K% 20
361.84
Tr IL 1Y% 2022 * 118.34
Tr IL 2K% 24
359.25
Tr IL 0V% 24
111.78
Tr IL 0V% 26
114.80
Tr IL 1N% 2027 * 129.90
Tr IL 0V% 29
120.24
Tr IL 4V% 30
358.22
Tr IL 1N% 2032 * 147.11
Tr IL 0O% 34
142.11
Tr IL 2% 35
265.05
Tr IL 0V% 36
136.51
Tr IL 1V% 2037 * 161.88
Tr IL 0X% 40
157.42
Tr IL 0X% 42 * 165.54
Tr IL 0V% 44
152.46
Tr IL 0V% 46
156.47
Tr IL 0O% 2047 * 183.71
Tr IL 0V% 48
161.86
Tr IL 0K% 50 * 182.11
Tr IL 0N% 52
177.54
Tr IL 1N% 2055 * 238.64
Tr IL 0V% 56
184.30
Tr IL 0V% 58 * 188.46
Tr IL 0W% 62
217.48
Tr IL 0V% 65
215.20
Tr IL 0V% 68
225.24
+ .02
+ .25
+ .21
+ .77
+ .23
+ .27
+ .34
+ .38
+1.36
+ .77
+ .79
+1.55
+ .90
+1.03
+1.27
+1.50
+1.54
+1.74
+2.01
+1.93
+2.14
+2.20
+2.86
+2.55
+2.69
+3.25
+3.54
+3.81
?
1.76
1.63
1.51
?
?
1.05
?
1.80
0.85
?
0.92
?
0.73
?
0.38
?
?
0.42
?
?
?
0.58
?
?
?
?
?
?2.43
?2.27
?1.95
?1.76
?1.76
?1.63
?1.63
?1.57
?1.55
?1.61
?1.57
?1.55
?1.56
?1.57
?1.56
?1.56
?1.52
?1.50
?1.49
?1.49
?1.50
?1.50
?1.49
?1.49
?1.49
?1.50
?1.52
?1.54
+ .48
+ .51
+ .45
+ .64
+ .67
+ .72
+ .77
+ .70
+ .74
+ .84
+ .63
+ .92
+ .88
+1.05
+ .85
+1.26
+1.11
+1.32
3.23
3.08
?
3.15
2.97
?
2.95
?
?
2.77
?
2.67
?
2.49
?
?
?
?
1.73
1.76
1.81
1.78
1.80
1.81
1.83
1.85
1.85
1.84
1.83
1.79
1.75
1.70
1.67
1.65
1.63
1.63
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
.09
.14
.17
.22
.24
.24
.24
.26
.31
.36
.39
.42
?
?
?
?
4.00
?
?
?
3.39
4.16
3.50
3.22
0.86
0.99
1.09
1.17
1.21
1.23
1.34
1.45
1.42
1.48
1.61
1.68
+
?
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
?
.01
.03
.01
.03
.06
.05
.06
.08
.08
.10
.14
.16
?
4.42
?
4.11
3.60
?
4.42
?
?
6.56
3.58
?
?
0.50
0.72
0.68
0.62
0.66
0.77
0.71
0.73
0.82
0.81
0.89
0.98
1.11
Longs (Over 15 years)
145.88
144.09
102.52
157.27
148.88
150.88
159.30
133.83
140.40
160.53
97.05
166.78
159.09
179.39
107.38
179.15
135.86
173.27
135.90
134.34
95.39
146.30
138.48
139.98
147.31
123.60
129.43
147.59
88.05
152.65
144.61
162.92
96.14
162.07
121.18
154.94
Tr 4K% 34
Tr 4N% 36
Tr 1{ }% 37
Tr 4O% 38
Tr 4N% 39
Tr 4N% 40
Tr 4K% 42
Tr 3N% 44
Tr 3K% 45
Tr 4N% 46
Tr 1K% 47
Tr 4N% 49
Tr 3O% 52
Tr 4N% 55
Tr 1O% 57
Tr 4% 60
Tr 2K% 65
Tr 3K% 68
139.25
138.09
99.04
150.98
143.24
145.06
152.79
128.67
134.67
153.51
92.63
159.10
151.39
170.74
102.23
170.79
128.71
164.06
Mediums (5-15 years)
OEIC C Class
UK and Income Investment Funds
AAA Inc CAT Acc ?@
AAA Inc CAT Inc ?@
AAA Income Acc ?@
Amer Eq Gth Acc ?@
Corp Bond Acc ?@
Corp Bond Inc ?@
Euro Eq Gth Acc ?@
Glb Advtg CAT Acc ?@
Glob Advtg Acc ?@
Glob Eq Uncstrd Acc ?@
Higher Inc Acc ?@
Higher Inc Inc ?@
Japan Eq Gth Acc ?@
Managed Acc ?@
Select Inc Acc ?@
Select Inc Inc ?@
UK Eq Gth Acc ?@
UK Eq Hi Alpha ?@
UK Eq Hi Inc Acc ?@
UK Eq Hi Inc Inc ?@
UK Ethical Acc ?@
UK Opps Acc ?@
UK Opps Inc ?@
UK Smlr Cos Acc ?@
+/-
Index-linked
+1.30
+0.60
+0.50
+2.10
+1.90
Tracker and Specialist Investment Funds
JANUS HENDERSON INVESTORS
Investors Serv: 0800 832 832 Dlng: 0845 946 4646
Buy
THREADNEEDLE INVESTMENTS
Client Serv: 0800 0683000
Intermediary Serv: 0800 0684000
Institutional Shares (Class 2) (163500,000 min)
12 month
High
Low
Overseas Growth Investment Funds
UK Trkr A Acc ?@
UK Trkr A Inc ?@
Cautious A Inc ?@
Dynamic A Acc ?@
Dynamic A Inc ?@
Growth A Acc ?@
Income A Acc ?@
Sterling Bond Acc ?@
Sterling Bond Inc ?@
Sell
Retail Shares (Class 1)
2455.63
1350.60
1288.90
SANTANDER UNIT TST MGRS
08457 413002
Bal Port A Acc ?@
Caut Port A Acc ?@
Caut Port A Inc ?@
Opps Port A Acc ?@
Prog Port A Acc ?@
IGNIS ASSET MGMT
Dlg: 0141 222 8282
American Gth Inc @
Balanced Growth @
Balanced Growth Acc @
Corporate Bond ?@
European Growth @
European Growth Acc @
Glob Gwth @
Higher Yield @
Higher Yield Acc @
Japan @
Managed @
Managed Trust @
Mngd Pfolio Inc @
Pacific Grth @
Smaller Comp @
Smaller Cos @
+/-
Buy
SCOTTISH WIDOWS UNIT TRUST MGRS
0845 300 2244
Authorised Inv Funds (OEICs)
OEIC A Class
Managed Investment Funds
HSBC Specialist Investment Funds (OEIC)
INVESTEC FUND MGRS
Broker Support and Dealing: 020 7597 1900
OEIC Series i,ii,iii, & iv
?
?
?
1.48
1.50
2.42
2.47
3.58
3.62
2.41
2.47
3.46
3.59
1.47
1.50
2.44
2.51
Sell
HSBC Investment Funds (OEIC) - Retail Share Class
FIDELITY INTERNATIONAL
Private Clnts 0800 414161 Broker Dlgs 0800 414181
1524.00
3749.00
516.70
3.26
0.70
1.91
1.94
0.36
1.45
1.32
1.05
0.81
1.48
4.64
3.05
2.87
2.49
HSBC GLOBAL ASSET MGMT (UK) LTD
Enq: 0845 745 6123 Dlg: 0845 745 6126 Mon-Fri 8-6
HSBC Index Tracker Investment Funds (OEIC)
Well Bldr Bal Acc ?@
Well Bldr Gwth Acc ?@
F & C FUND MANAGEMENT LTD (OEICS)
Enqs: 0870 601 6183 Dealing: 0870 601 6083
Share Class 1 - Retail
Corporate Bd ?@
57.91
Emerging Mkts ?@
123.20
Euro Gwth & Inc 1 ?@ 1047.00
Extra Inc Bond ?@
48.71
FTSE All-Shr Track ?@ 429.50
Global Gwth SC1 ?@
204.50
High Inc Trst @
14.25
Max Inc Bond ?@
48.61
Multi Man Caut ?@
70.41
Multi Man Distr ?@
60.44
North Amer ?@
509.70
Pacific Gwth ?@
435.00
Strategic Bd ?@
194.30
UK Equity ?@
3315.00
UK Gwth & Inc Acc 1 ?@ 658.50
UK Gwth & Inc Dist ?@ 234.70
UK Smaller Cos ?@
1022.00
+/-
Eur Sel Gth A Acc ?@
+1.50
+0.13
+1.40
+0.60
+6.90
CIS UNIT MANAGERS LTD
08457 46 46 46
European Gwth @
Sus Leaders ?@
UK Growth @
UK Income @
Buy
HALIFAX INVESTMENT FUND MGRS LTD
01296 386 386
Authorised Inv Funds
Share Class `C
ARTEMIS FUND MGRS LTD
0800 092 2051
Authorised Inv Funds
Capital R Acc @
1621.80
Euro Opps R Acc @
104.82
Euro Opps R Inc @
99.87
European Growth R Acc @359.08
Global Energy R Acc @
33.37
Global Growth R Acc @ 262.21
Global Income R Acc @ 127.21
Global Income R Inc @
94.55
Global Select R Acc @
103.68
High Income R Inc @
79.81
Income R Acc @
437.76
Income R Inc @
236.38
Monthly Dist R Inc @
70.99
Strategic Assets R Acc @ 85.99
Strategic Bond R M Acc @ 96.04
Strategic Bond R M Inc @ 57.11
Strategic Bond R Q Acc @ 95.86
Strategic Bond R Q Inc @ 57.16
UK Growth R Acc @
561.07
UK Smaller Cos R Acc @ 1662.78
UK Special Sits R Acc @ 599.57
European ?@
Extra Income ?@
Glob Spec Sits ?@
Global Focus ?@
International ?@
Japan ?@
Moneybldr Bal ?@
Moneybldr Glob
Moneybldr Gwth ?@
Moneybldr Inc ?@
Moneybldr UK Ind ?@
Special Sits ?@
Wealthbuilder
Sell
115.00
107.31
110.88
115.27
132.93
110.19
105.54
102.29
133.03
153.92
143.86
139.13
109.17
102.69
105.32
108.78
124.02
104.05
99.67
96.41
123.47
142.43
133.08
129.40
Tr 3O% 21
Tr 1O% 22
Tr 2N% 23
Tr 2O% 24
Tr 5% 25
Tr 2% 25
Tr 1K% 26
Tr 1N% 27
Tr 4N% 27
Tr 6% 28
Tr 4O% 30
Tr 4N% 32
109.54
103.25
105.99
109.66
124.88
105.40
101.25
98.27
125.33
144.14
135.65
132.18
Shorts (under 5 years)
101.47
114.36
103.71
108.22
108.65
105.83
113.20
112.03
104.73
131.73
117.77
100.70
101.30
100.15
111.68
101.18
103.24
104.02
102.42
107.25
106.77
101.42
121.67
111.31
97.36
?
Tr 1N% 18
Tr 5% 18
Tr 1O% 19
Tr 4K% 19
Tr 3O% 19
Tr 2% 20
Tr 4O% 20
Tr 3O% 20
Tr 1K% 21
Tr 8% 21
Tr 4% 22
Tr 0K% 22
Tr 0O% 23
100.17
113.00
101.31
103.29
104.14
102.71
107.42
107.03
101.84
121.97
111.75
98.00
98.15
* maturities as having a 3-month indexation lag and
which trade on a real clean price basis, excluding inflation
adjustment charge.
This is a paid for information service. For
further details on a particular fund, readers
should contact their fund manager.
Data as shown is
for information
purposes only. No offer is made by
Morningstar or this publication
the times | Tuesday May 1 2018
43
1G M
Working Life Business
STARTING OUT Starship Technologies has captured the spirit of start-up enterprise with its fleet of tiny autonomous vehicles, reports James Hurley
PETI KOLLANYI/BLOOMBERG VIA GETTY IMAGES
The march of the
robots is coming,
along with lunch
A
hti Heinla and Janus Friis
say that their start-up, the
appropriately named
Starship Technologies, was
inspired in part by a desire
to develop the kind of services
portrayed in science fiction films.
?This is quite a rare idea in that it?s
something that no one has done
before,? Mr Friis says of the fleet of
knee-high, pavement-hugging robots
that deliver food to workers of Intuit,
a financial software group, at its
4.3-acre campus in California.
Yet realism can be a useful quality
for entrepreneurs, even when they are
trying to achieve a world first. It was
pragmatism that made the pair settle
upon developing semi-autonomous
delivery robots that bring you your
lunch. The pair, who were among the
founders of Skype, the online video
call service, realised that if they were
going to try something new, they had
better ground it in today?s technology.
Mr Friis says that the company,
based in London, has outpaced the
development of self-driving cars
because ?our robots fall within the
confines of applied technology as it
exists today. Our self-driving robots
are here after three and a half years
of development. The truth is it will be
many, many years before you can hop
in a car and it will drive you from
Manhattan to Brooklyn. They are
driving at fast speeds in complex
environments on the roads and have
to be able to react instantly to any
situation and to take the appropriate
manoeuvres. The car has to know
what to do in any given situation.?
By contrast, Starship?s small robots
travel at pedestrian speeds and the
company does not want to entirely
remove the human touch. When the
software gets confused, the robots
halt and a remote operator takes over.
The approach appears to have
delivered relatively rapid progress.
Starship Technologies was founded in
2014 and Mr Friis, 41, says that the
company is ready to roll out its robots
for ?corporate and academic
campuses across the United States
and Europe?. The business says that
this represents the world?s ?first largescale deployment of autonomous
delivery services? and builds on trials
in Britain, America, Germany,
Switzerland and Estonia. The robots
have covered more than 100,000
miles in 20 countries and over 100
cities, ?encountering over 15 million
people along the way?. Last year, the
start-up raised $17.2 million in an
investment round led by Daimler AG.
The most common delivery item at
Ahti Heinla has high hopes for Starship Technologies? pavement robots as a link in the chain of home delivery services
Intuit has been breakfast sandwiches,
but Starship expects its robots to be
used to deliver everything from office
stationery to machine parts. Mr
Heinla, 45, says that kerbs and
potholes are ?not a problem? and so
far none of the devices have been
stolen or vandalised.
The service is being sold to
corporate and academic campuses on
a monthly lease or as a rental for a
fleet of robots, but Mr Friis expects it
to be a consumer-facing platform that
will ?reinvent the last-mile
transportation process? ? the final
stage of getting a product to a home.
Pointing to a trial being run in Milton
Keynes, where the robots take
groceries to households, Mr Friis says
that the idea is not to replace human
delivery with something cheaper but
to allow for the kind of deliveries that
until now have not been costeffective.
?Imagine you have come home
from work and you need a few extra
ingredients. You make a few clicks
and you summon the robot to meet
you at your front door and it arrives
in 25 minutes. The total value of your
order might only be what fits in a
small plastic bag. It wouldn?t be
something that you could pay a
human $5 to deliver for you. We?re
trying to add services you couldn?t
have before.
?The technology is by no means
finished, but now our focus is on
deploying the service that people use
on their smartphones to order food
and groceries. We want to see our
robots everywhere.?
Susinvss to Susinvss
Business For Sale
General
Company
Announcvmvnts
NOTICE o f
Book your
advertisement or
announcement
now at:
thvtimvs.co.uk/
advvrtisv
Business For Sale
Share Buyback
On 25 April 2018, speciall
r e s o l u t i o n s
( t h e
?Resolutions?) of Dot
Matrix Group Limited
("DMG") (Company Numberr
10213136) were passed
approving the buyback and
d
cancellation of 10 ordinary
y
shares of �01 each from
Dato Anathkumar Alagu forr
total consideration of
�,000, funded from
capital reserves of DMG..
Relevant documentation in
accordance with s.714 off
Companies Act 2006 can
be inspected by contacting
matthew@dotmatrixgroup.com.
Within 5 weeks of the
date of the Resolutions,,
creditors may apply to the
court under s.721 of
Companies Act 2006 forr
an order preventing th e
payment for the buyback
of shares.
Business Services
Business
Opportunities
CYPRUS HOTEL76R&13SHOPS
SALE ?7.3MLN+35799329000
wwwAGAPINORHOTEL.COM.CY
BOOKIES NIGHTMARE I have
had all my accounts
closed by every major
bookmaker for winning
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07493 928681
44
2G M
Tuesday May 1 2018 | the times
Business Markets
news in brief
Tempus
Buy, sell or hold: today?s best share tips
Chain in healthy profit
Health-conscious consumers with
a penchant for Manuka honey
and superfoods helped to boost
sales at Holland & Barrett, which
has recorded 34 quarters of
consecutive growth. The retailer,
which specialises in vitamins,
health supplements and natural
beauty products, reported a
4.5 per cent rise in like-for-like
sales last year with revenues of
�6 million, up from
�2 million. It is Europe?s largest
health and wellness chain, with
1485 stores in 17 countries, and
was bought last year by L1 Retail,
Mikhail Fridman?s fund.
Would-be buyer could be tasty target
aviva
2017 dividend
27.4p, up 18%
That?s life
Operating profit
�1 bn, up 2%
Share price
600p
A
interserve
Forecast net
debt �0m
2017 pre-tax loss
244m
G
iven the volatility in the share
price of Interserve in the past
six months, it would come as
no surprise to learn that the
company has won a derogation
from regulators for having to
comment every time its stock swings
wildly.
Listed companies typically are
expected to provide an explanation
if their stock price moves by more
than 10 per cent in a session.
Interserve shares, however, have
leapt or dived on average about once
Earning per share
2014
550
500
450
Source: Thomson Reuters
viva?s history is one of
stitching together various
insurers, which once gave
it the unlovely name of
CGNU. That was
changed in 2002 to the made-up
palindrome based on the Latin word
for living.
The insurer, which has life and
general insurance operations in
Britain, Europe and Canada, has
made healthy progress in the past
few years. Mark Wilson, its New
Zealand-born chief executive who
has had a globe-trotting career, has
succeeded in getting rid of poorly
performing businesses, bringing its
footprint down from 32 countries to
14. He also has strengthened Aviva?s
capital and breathed life back into its
profits.
The more confident Aviva bought
Friends Life in 2015 in a �6 billion
deal that was the largest UK
insurance acquisition in more than a
decade, bringing advantages of cost
savings, capital benefits and millions
more customers.
So Mr Wilson should have been
coasting when in March he said that
Aviva was awash with �billion of
excess capital. It was, he said, an
?embarrassment of riches?. Instead,
the announcement simply turned
out to be embarrassing. A plan to
buy back �0 million of expensive
preference shares at par ended in a
Growing EPS and dividend
400
350
2013
14
15
16
17
18
300
Dividend per share
49p
18.1p
15
49.7 (+1%)
20.8 (+15%)
16
51.1 (+3%)
23.3 (+12%)
17
54.8 (+7%)
27.4 (+18%)
Major market profit growth
13%
20%
26%
UK
France
Poland
Canada
Aviva investors
Ireland
Singapore
Italy
-83%
-83%
21%
18%
10%
0
bust-up with Aviva?s City peers,
prompting the company to back
down. Yesterday, Aviva sought to
mend more fences ahead of an
annual shareholder meeting on
May 10, pledging to pay about
� million to investors who had sold
their prefs in a panic. At about the
same time, it emerged that Mr
Wilson was taking up a seat on the
board of Blackrock, the American
fund management giant, prompting
criticism that he was joining a
competitor.
Both developments looked out of
keeping with Aviva?s recent surefooted progress. In truth, Blackrock?s
competition with Aviva is limited and
Mr Wilson probably gets insights
and access from the role that could
benefit Aviva. It does, however,
indicate that there could be a
leadership change in the not-toodistant future, as Mr Wilson casts his
net further afield than the UK.
Aviva?s underlying business is solid.
At its last set of results the FTSE 100
a week, bouncing between 55p and
110p.
Interserve finally published its 2017
accounts yesterday, the last possible
day under the City?s rules. They were
delayed by its latest rescue
refinancing, giving it �4 million of
borrowing facilities against an
expected net debt this year of up to
�0 million, far more than ten times
expected annual earnings.
If the newish management
thought that taking nearly
�0 million of write-offs, provisions
for lossmaking contracts,
redundancy costs, losses on property
disposals and a bill from its advisers
of � million, would be a drawing of
a line in the mudbath it finds itself in,
then the market had different ideas.
The stock closed down 12 per cent
off 13p at 93緋. The reason is that
Interserve shares ? like its debt ?
are in the hands of speculators,
hedge funds and short-sellers; the
company has become a plaything of
the casino that is called the City.
If that were not enough to put you
off a cogent investment appraisal of
the company, then a look around its
sector should.
Carillion, Interserve?s nearest peer
in the construction and public
services model, is bust. Companies
such as Serco and Mitie, which also
do the dirty and dull end of
outsourcing, remain in multi-year
slumps. Shares in Capita, the best-in-
ADVICE Buy
WHY There may be a
management shake-up
coming, but the business is
sound. A European insurance
M&A could drive up its value.
insurer experienced broad-based
growth, with six of its eight key
markets delivering double-digit profit
improvement.
Yet there are question marks over
Aviva. Some in the City were shaken
by the Friends deal, which came out
of the blue and prompted some
shareholders to sell their holdings.
Aviva has said it may spend
�0 million of its spare cash on
deals, indicating that they will be
small, but there is a view that it could
embark on something big and risky.
Aviva struggles with being caught
between some other plays in the
insurance sector. Investors gravitate
to Prudential for its Asian growth, or
Legal & General as a high-yielding
play in the life sector. Aviva, which
offers a mix of life and general
insurance, can be overlooked. That is
reflected in its valuation. The shares
jumped after Mr Wilson took the
reins, but for the past three years
they have drifted sideways, despite
the fact that profits and dividends
have increased significantly.
Barrie Cornes, an analyst at
Panmure Gordon, said yesterday:
?The shares are now yielding 5.6 per
cent this year increasing to 6.4 per
cent next, whilst trading on price
earnings multiples of only nine times
this year and 8.2 times next year.?
That, he added, was ?too cheap?.
Mr Wilson has pledged a
�0 million return to shareholders.
In the longer term, Aviva?s structure
has been simplified so that if anyone
wanted to break it up, they could.
That could make it a tasty target.
Rank bets on veteran
A betting industry veteran who
has held senior roles at all three
of Britain?s biggest bookmakers is
to take the reins at Rank Group.
The operator of Mecca Bingo and
Grosvenor Casinos said that John
O?Reilly would succeed Henry
Birch as chief executive next
week. Mr O?Reilly made his name
in almost two decades at
Ladbrokes. He joined Gala Coral
Group in 2011 before completing
a treble in January last year when
he joined the board of William
Hill as a non-executive director.
Koum quits Facebook
Jan Koum, billionaire co-founder
of the Whatsapp messaging
service, owned by Facebook, is to
quit. He decided to leave after
clashing with Facebook over its
attempts to use personal data
from Whatsapp and weaken
encryption, The Washington Post
reported. Mr Koum, 42, said: ?It is
time for me to move on. I?m
taking some time off to do things
I enjoy outside of technology.?
Facebook bought Whatsapp for
$19 billion in 2014. Mr Koum is
worth about $9 billion.
class contractor in the sector, have
cratered and it is going through a
�0 million emergency rights issue.
Interserve?s new management may
be able to turn this company around,
but even in their best scenarios it is a
three-year project. In the meantime
who knows where the sector will be,
especially as both sides of the House
of Commons are now talking about
insourcing, bringing all these
outsourced contracts back in-house.
Exporters ?complacent?
The Chartered Institute of
Marketing warned that
companies that exported goods
were ?naive? about the challenges
posed by Brexit. It said that there
was a ?worrying level of
complacency? about trading
strategy once the UK leaves the
EU. In a report, it said that seven
in ten British exporters expected
to increase overseas sales but
most had failed to develop an
export strategy and were
?passively waiting on orders from
existing customers?.
ADVICE Avoid
WHY In a volatile stock there
is money to be made daily
PRICES
Major indices
New York
Dow Jones
Nasdaq Composite
S&P 500
London Financial Futures
24163.15 (-148.04)
7066.27 (-53.53)
2648.05 (-21.86)
Tokyo
Nikkei 225
22467.87 n/a
Hong Kong
Hang Seng
30808.45 (+527.78)
Amsterdam
AEX Index
Sydney
AO
Frankfurt
DAX
Singapore
Straits
Brussels
BEL20
Paris
CAC-40
555.73 (+0.79)
Zurich
SMI Index
8886.26 (+43.24)
DJ EURO Stoxx 50
3536.52 (+17.74)
London
FTSE 100
7509.30 (+7.09)
FTSE 250
20285.05 (+13.42)
FTSE 350
4179.29 (+3.74)
FTSE Eurotop 100
2921.52 (+8.25)
FTSE All-Shares
4127.68 (+3.76)
FTSE Non Financials
4818.53 (+0.89)
techMARK 100
4533.80 (-6.72)
Bargains
6071.60 (+28.70)
12612.11 (+31.24)
n/a
US$
1.3763 (-0.0006)
Euro
1.1380 (+0.0025)
�SDR
0.98 (+0.00)
Exchange Index
3613.93 (+36.72)
3910.30 (-2.61)
5520.50 (+37.32)
79.50 (-0.53)
Long Gilt
3-Mth Sterling
3-Mth Euribor
3-Mth Euroswiss
FTSEurofirst 80
Period
Jun 18
Sep 18
Jun 18
Sep 18
Dec 18
Mar 19
Jun 19
Jun 18
Sep 18
Dec 18
Mar 19
Jun 19
Jun 18
Sep 18
Dec 18
Sep 18
Jun 18
Sep 18
Open
121.99
121.46
99.240
99.140
99.060
98.980
98.890
100.33
100.32
100.30
100.26
100.19
100.72
100.70
100.65
7425.5
High
122.38
121.46
99.255
99.160
99.080
99.000
98.930
100.33
100.32
100.31
100.27
100.20
100.73
100.70
100.65
7425.5
Commodities
Low
121.85
121.17
99.240
99.140
99.050
98.970
98.890
100.33
100.32
100.30
100.26
100.18
100.72
100.69
100.64
7392.5
Sett
122.26
121.31
99.250
99.150
99.070
98.990
98.910
100.33
100.32
100.31
100.27
100.20
100.73
100.70
100.65
7392.0
4864.5
4860.5
Vol
218430
17
138412
118647
102142
79937
84728
20230
25555
28620
33225
33614
560
890
1307
115
Open Int
811532
30
694505
466015
548072
360018
363721
543158
558810
534028
447158
413928
65142
73120
102544
5767
ICIS pricing (London 7.30pm)
Brent (9.00pm)
Crude Oils ($/barrel FOB)
Jun
Jul
Aug
Brent Physical
BFOE(Jul)
BFOE(Jun)
WTI(Jun)
WTI(Jul)
75.67
74.88
75.29
68.46
68.57
+0.87
+0.79
+0.58
+0.37
+0.47
Products ($/MT)
Spot CIF NW Europe (prompt delivery)
Premium Unld
Gasoil EEC
3.5 Fuel Oil
Naphtha
708.00
646.50
382.50
646.00
708.00
648.50
383.00
650.00
+4.00
+0.00
+2.75
+4.00
Bank of England official close (4pm)
CPI
105.00 Mar (2015 = 100)
RPI
278.30 Mar (Jan 1987 = 100)
RPIX
278.80 Mar (Jan 1987 = 100)
Morningstar Long Commodity
615.25 (+0.54)
Morningstar Long/Short Commod
4364.50 (-4.35)
� 2017 Tradeweb Markets LLC. All rights reserved.
The Tradeweb FTSE Gilt Closing Prices information contained
herein is proprietary to Tradeweb; may not be copied or
re-distributed; is not warranted to be accurate, complete or timely; and does not constitute
investment advice. Tradeweb is not responsible for any loss or damage that might result
from the use of this information.
ICE Futures
Sep
Oct
73.45-73.42
72.90-72.86
Volume: 1468383
1843-1842
1901-1898
1940-1930
1930-1910
1902-1892
1876-1817
Jul
Sep
Dec
1900-1822
1884-1827
1876-1776
LIFFE
Cocoa
May
Jul
Sep
Dec
Mar
May
RobustaCoffee
May
Jul
Sep
Nov
1754-1703
1756-1754
1757-1741
1772-1737
Reuters
657.25-656.75
652.50-652.25
650.00-649.50
Volume: 70577
Jan
Mar
1800-1714
1800-1710
Volume: 20982
White Sugar (FOB)
Gas Oil
May
Jun
Jul
75.17-75.16
74.52-74.51
74.02-73.98
Aug
Sep
648.50-648.25
647.50-647.00
Volume: 548677
Aug
Oct
Dec
329.60-329.00
327.00-325.60
331.60-328.90
Mar
May
Aug
Oct
337.80-333.80
342.50-338.30
344.40-341.80
351.80-347.60
Volume: 27467
the times | Tuesday May 1 2018
45
1G M
Markets Business
JASON ALDEN/BLOOMBERG VIA GETTY IMAGES
Glencore stumbles amid
$3bn legal minefield
Miles Costello Market report
A
Carpetright
ready to cut
its cloth
after losses
B
ritain?s biggest
flooring retailer
will be hoping to
sweep a drop in sales
under the carpet after
shareholders approved
a restructuring that it
hopes will reverse its
fortunes (Alex Ralph
writes). Carpetright
expects underlying
pre-tax losses of up to
�million for its
financial year, which
ended last week.
In a pre-close update
yesterday, it said that
like-for-like sales had
slumped by 10.5 per
cent in Britain in its
fourth quarter, leaving
full-year sales down by
3.6 per cent.
Carpetright was
founded in London 30
years ago by Lord
Harris of Peckham,
who stepped down as
chairman in 2014. It
sells tiles, wood
flooring and beds, as
well as carpets.
Carpetright plans to
close 92 of its 409
stores and to seek rent
reductions of up to
50 per cent on 113
further outlets under
its company voluntary
arrangement. About
300 jobs will be
affected. It needs to
raise � million in
fresh equity from
shareholders to help to
reduce its debts.
The shares closed 紁
down at 42絧.
Results in brief
Name
Pre-tax figure
Profit (+) loss (-)
Interserve (Services FY)
Luceco(Services FY)
Randall & Quilter (Banking FY)
J Sainsbury (Retailing FY)
Sinclair Pharma (Health FY)
J Smart (Construction HY)
Telit Comms (Technology FY)
-�4.4m (-�.1m)
�m (�6m)
�.5m (�5m)
�9m (�3m)
-�3m (-�.6m)
�1,000 (�2,000)
-$56.8m ($17.9m)
Dividend
nil
0.8p f nil
nil
10.2p f 7.1p July 13
nil
0.95p p June 1
nil
6 Results in brief are given for all companies valued at more than � million. f = final p = payable
The day?s biggest movers
Change
Company
J Sainsbury Confirms plans to merger with Asda
WPP Will look at restructuring amid positive first-quarter trading
Thomas Cook Jefferies initiates coverage with a ?buy? recommendation
Virgin Money Optimism about today?s first-quarter trading update
Capita Favourable weekend media coverage
Card Factory Sector out of favour
Victrex Downgrade by Barclays
Hikma Negative broker commentary
Glencore Dispute over assets in the Democratic Republic of Congo
N Brown Loses gains made after last week?s favourable results
London Grain Futures
LIFFE Wheat (close �/t)
May
144.00 Jul
146.00
Jan
unq Mar
unq
Gold/Precious
metals (US dollars per ounce)
Nov
149.50
Volume: 638
London Metal Exchange
15mth
6820.0-6820.5
7310.0-7320.0
Older travellers in for long haul
T
homas Cook was
flying high after
the holidays
operator was boosted
by an analyst?s ?buy?
rating amid hopes that
an increase in older
travellers would lift its
long-term sales (Miles
Costello writes).
The shares rose 3絧
to 123絧 after
Jefferies initiated
coverage with some
upbeat analysis and
set a price target for
the stock of 180p.
Thomas Cook had a
strong first quarter,
with revenue over the
three months to the
end of December up
by 7 per cent at just
under �75 billion.
The travel company
Wall Street report
Rising oil prices and sliding
healthcare stocks gave Wall Street
something of a queasy feeling, with
indices slumping after a bright start
to close in the red. The Dow Jones
industrial average fell 148.04 points
to 24,163.15.
unable to do business with Mr Gertler,
who was accused by the US
government last year of using his
friendship with President Kabila, the
DRC?s leader, to secure favourable
mining contracts. Mr Gertler is on a
sanctions list that bans American
companies from trading with him.
Glencore is one of the world?s
biggest diversified miners, with a
market value of more than � billion.
Last year it made adjusted profits
before tax and other items of nearly
$8.6 billion. It produces copper, nickel,
ferroalloys and iron ore, among other
things.
Analysts at Morgan Stanley said
that the spat complicated copper
production for Glencore in the vast
central African country and RBC
downgraded its rating and cut its
price target from 460p to 410p.
In the wider market, leading shares
were on the up as bid fever took hold
(again) after J Sainsbury and the
Walmart-owned Asda confirmed
plans for a retailing mega-merger.
2338.0-2340.0
n/a
Zinc Spec Hi Gde ($/tonne)
3170.5-3171.0
3170.0-3170.5
n/a
Finance House 1.0
ECB Refi 0.00
US Fed Fd 1.50-1.75
Depo CDs
0.55-0.45
0.63-0.53
0.74-0.64
0.91-0.76
1.07-0.92
Palladium $966.00 (�1.96)
Eurodollar Deps
1.88-2.08
2.04-2.24
2.33-2.53
2.48-2.68
2.74-2.94
Other Sterling
European money
deposits %
Sterling spot and forward rates
Close $1316.37-1316.82 High $1324.76
Treasury Bills (Dis) Buy: 1 mth 0.449; 3 mth 0.418. Sell: 1 mth 0.320; 3 mth 0.418
1 mth
Krugerrand $1303.00-1373.00 (�6.85-997.72)
Silver $16.35 (�.88)
Interbank Rates
2 mth
3 mth
6 mth
12 mth
0.5198
0.5839
0.7129
0.8138
0.9833
Clearer CDs
0.55-0.45
0.63-0.53
0.74-0.64
0.91-0.76
1.07-0.92
Currency
21025.0-21050.0
20685.0-20735.0
Alum Hi Gde ($/tonne)
2223.0-2224.0
2225.0-2226.0
2280.0-2285.0
Nickel ($/tonne)
13720.0-13725.0
1mth
3mth
6mth
12mth
0.13
0.20
0.29
0.55
0.52
0.71
0.81
0.98
0.10
0.15
0.20
0.50
Dollar
Sterling
Euro
13765.0-13770.0
n/a
Mkt Rates for
Copenhagen
Euro
Montreal
New York
Oslo
Stockholm
Tokyo
Zurich
Range
8.4439-8.4968
1.1406-1.1335
1.7605-1.7707
1.3716-1.3792
10.953-11.044
11.901-12.060
149.87-150.81
1.3567-1.3649
Close
8.4791-8.4806
1.1382-1.1381
1.7628-1.7630
1.3761-1.3761
11.028-11.030
12.044-12.047
150.22-150.23
1.3622-1.3625
1 month
85ds
8pr
14pr
20pr
43pr
106ds
9ds
17ds
Premium = pr
3 month
239ds
24pr
41pr
61pr
114pr
331ds
30ds
50ds
Discount = ds
Argentina peso
Australia dollar
Bahrain dinar
Brazil real
Euro
Hong Kong dollar
India rupee
Indonesia rupiah
Kuwait dinar KD
Malaysia ringgit
New Zealand dollar
Singapore dollar
S Africa rand
U A E dirham
holidaymakers each
year, mostly in
Europe, and in its
most recent financial
year made gross
profits of �billion on
revenues of more
than �billion.
Jefferies described
Thomas Cook, whose
fortunes are closely
linked with consumer
sentiment, as a
?compelling recovery
play?. It said: ?We
conclude that a
consumer downturn
is not necessarily a
material risk to the
package holiday and
that Thomas Cook
stands to benefit from
the structural growth
of an ageing
population.?
Severn Trent dropped 20絧 to �.40
and United Utilities fell 5絧 to 743紁.
Virgin Money rose 7緋 to 278緋 as
dealers predicted that today?s
quarterly update would be strong. It
took Onesavings Bank with it, with
the rival smaller lender adding 8紁 to
397p. Dignity rose 26p to �.91, as
hopes strengthened thatover a
recovery in the fortunes of the
funerals operator.
Victrex, which makes and sells
polymers, fell 56p to �.22 after
analysts at Barclays cut their
recommendation from ?equal weight?
to ?underweight?, citing currency
fluctuations that would reduce its
competitive edge in the United States.
At the same time, Barclays increased
its price target from �.70 to �, but
that still means it thinks the price will
come down.
Further down the boards,
Interserve slid 13p to 93緋 after the
construction and support services
group published widening annual
losses and a worrying rise in its debts.
Dollar rates
Clearing Banks: 0.50
Halifax Mortgage Rate 3.99
Bullion: Open $1323.03
Tin ($/tonne)
21125.0-21150.0
was founded in 1841
by Thomas Cook, a
former Baptist
preacher who
organised railway
excursions for
temperance societies
and Sunday schools.
Now it transports
more than 19 million
Shares in Sainsbury?s jumped by more
than 14.5 per cent, or 39紁, to 309p, in
a move that lifted the rival Wm
Morrison 3p to 243p but pushed
Tesco 2紁 lower to 236p.
Indices edged ? narrowly ? into
positive territory. The FTSE 100
closed 7.09 points better at 7,509.3,
while the FTSE 250 finished 13.42
points to the good at 20,285.05.
WPP jumped nearly 9 per cent,
though, adding 99p to �.47�, as the
world?s biggest advertising and
marketing group unveiled firstquarter sales that were less anaemic
than dealers had feared and after one
of its two bosses said that he would
consider a restructuring.
Paddypower Betfair rose 65p to
�.80 ahead of the gambling group?s
update on first-quarter trading due this
week. ITV, reporting next week, was in
demand and the commercial
broadcaster added 2p to 151絧.
Utility shares were off in a rising
market that was less interested in their
perceived safe investment status.
Lead ($/tonne)
2343.0-2345.0
Analysts believe the
older generation offers
hope to Thomas Cook
Australia
Canada
Denmark
Euro
Hong Kong
Japan
Malaysia
Norway
Singapore
Sweden
Switzerland
Platinum $909.00 (�0.54)
Copper Gde A ($/tonne)
6781.0-6783.0
Base Rates
AM $1316.25 PM $1313.20
3mth
leisure
Money rates %
Low $1310.30
(Official)
Cash
14.5%
8.6%
3.0%
2.8%
2.5%
-2.0%
-2.1%
-2.8%
-5.0%
-5.2%
near-$3 billion legal spat
with an Israeli billionaire
over assets in the
Democratic Republic of
Congo sent Glencore?s
stock tumbling. Shares in the mining
and commodities trading group lost
almost 5 per cent of their value,
closing 18紁 off at 350緋, as dealers
fretted about legal action that Dan
Gertler is taking to try to lay claim to
royalties in the country from his
former business partner.
Ventora, a company controlled by
Mr Gertler, has served freezing orders
on Mutanda Mining and Kamoto
Copper, Glencore?s local mining
subsidiaries, although Glencore has
denied the claim and said it would
appeal as early as this week.
The miner has argued that it is
Exchange rates
1.3245-1.3246
1.2810-1.2811
6.1618-6.1625
0.8270-0.8270
7.8481-7.8485
109.16-109.17
3.9190-3.9240
8.0130-8.0150
1.3238-1.3239
8.7522-8.7538
0.9899-0.9900
28.242-28.256
1.8226-1.8228
0.5153-0.5222
4.7958-4.7999
1.1380-1.1382
10.799-10.801
91.453-91.466
19129-19141
0.4125-0.4148
5.3923-5.3992
1.9511-1.9525
1.8216-1.8221
17.128-17.141
5.0504-5.0518
Australia $
Canada $
Denmark Kr
Egypt
Euro �
Hong Kong $
Hungary
Indonesia
Israel Shk
Japan Yen
New Zealand $
Norway Kr
Poland
Russia
S Africa Rd
Sweden Kr
Switzerland Fr
Turkey Lira
USA $
Bank buys Bank sells
1.990
1.730
1.930
1.680
9.130
8.000
n/a
n/a
1.240
1.090
11.620
10.220
391.640
322.220
22029.000
17571.500
5.430
4.630
162.750
140.950
2.190
1.850
11.950
10.330
5.300
4.340
92.900
77.360
18.890
16.000
12.790
11.370
1.500
1.290
6.310
5.400
1.500
1.320
Rates for banknotes and traveller's cheques as
traded by Royal Bank of Scotland plc yesterday
Data as shown is
for information
purposes only. No offer is made by
Morningstar or this publication
46
Tuesday May 1 2018 | the times
1G M
Business Equity prices
12 month
High Low Company
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
Banking & finance
12 month
High Low Company
39O 1PMv
51
?
14
14 ACHPv
14
?
2178
63K
25N
3K
27
10937
1784 Admiral
19K ADVFNv
9 Amedeo Resv
Y Amphion Innovsv
17 Amryt Pharmav
8601K Aon Corpn
1562K 1245 Arbuthnot Bkgv?
1993
?
36
10
1470
18K
14O Argo Groupv
18N
433V
332N Ashmore Gp
62V
? -2.1
? -0.1
V
? -2.4
17W 1.0 92.4
?
2W
43K ?
486K Aviva?
K
17V +
10459Y +
2 Arc Mineralsv
542
? 37.0
?
32 Arden Partnersv
1786O 1439N Aus New Z
2K 2.6 17.0
?
1V
9.1
? 70.0
?
54
2X
0.9
2.1 45.2
?
? -2.5
K
?
? 13.5
?
2.7
18X EIHv
18Y
?
? -6.2
?
? Location Sciences Groupv?
65 El Oro
67
?
3.6 10.6
4305
3350 Lond Stk Ex Gp 4300
164
303
212W Esure?
225K +
1086O
708K FBD?
10
428
319 Gresham Housev
405
?
815 Gresh Hse Stratv
840
+
70W
61K Gulf Invest
70W ?
367Y
268 H&T Groupv
340K +
325
1266 Hargreaves L
260K Hastings Gp
167K
? -7.2
?
5K 3.9 13.1
1525
105 Helios Underv
? Highway Capital#
78K
276
217
178Y Barclays
207N ?
1X 1.4 60.9
796
636K HSBC
598
439O Beazley
591K ?
11K 1.7 32.7
841
543K IG Group
90 Impaxv
164
3226 BGEO Group
X
V Blue Star Capitalv
278
204 BP Marsh&Ptnrsv
19
13O Braveheart Invv
393
2582
53
3480
322N Brewin Dolphin
1810 Brooks Macv
45V Carador
?
V
253
17O
361
1885
+
+
2
2.1 11.8
423K
346 Chesnara?
405
?
5
4.8
189W
1191K
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474K
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4.0 35.0
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11K 9.0 11.9
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334
411O +
+
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
70
1470Y +
529
12 month
High Low Company
20W
2K
55
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
the times | Tuesday May 1 2018
47
1G M
Equity prices Business
12 month
High Low Company
245K 72Y Silence Therapv
34O 14O Sinclair Pharmav
1431 1215 Smith & Neph?
361
206 Spire Hcare
242K 142K Summit Corpv
417K 280 Swallowfieldv
14N
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16
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225N 82 Tiziana Lifev
317K 188 Tristelv
959
740 UDG Healthcare
7X
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149Y 68W Vectura Grp
19Y
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197K 102K Verona Pharmav
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165K
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228
195
310
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2959O Takeda Pharm
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281O Zotefoams?
77K
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14.6
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763
534K Daily Mail
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615
245 DCD Mediav
559
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123K
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96K Celticv
97Y Cineworld
263W Domino's Pizza
115 EI Group
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458Y Greene King
737K GVC Holdings?
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170 Heavitree Av
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559 Jackpotjoy
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431Y Millen & Cop?
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958 Wetherspoon JD
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Morningstar or this publication
the times | Tuesday May 1 2018
49
1G M
Comedy writer who
created On the Buses
Ronald Chesney
Page 50
Register
Obituaries
Professor Peter Waddington
Policing expert known as ?Tank? who unwittingly started the poll tax riot in 1990, then invented ?kettling? and enjoyed impersonating Elvis
STEFAN ROUSSEAU/PA
Peter ?Tank? Waddington, a tall and
solidly built police officer turned
sociology professor, liked to joke that
he was the unwitting catalyst for the
anti-poll tax riots in 1990. Acting as a
civilian observer for the Metropolitan
Police, he offered to take charge of the
radio communications where he was
positioned in Trafalgar Square. He took
a call from the officer in charge at
Downing Street, who asked him what
the situation was looking like where he
was. ?It?s fine,? Waddington said.
?People have come with their families.
There?s almost a carnival atmosphere.?
?Well, it?s all kicking off over here,? the
officer at Downing Street said. ?I?m
going to send them up to you.?
What happened next entered the
annals of policing history and, symbolically at least, contributed towards
Margaret Thatcher?s early departure
from No 10. The mood of the 200,000
mostly left-wing protesters turned ugly
and the riot that broke out in Trafalgar
Square resulted in much looting and
vandalism. It also left more than a
hundred police officers and members of
the public injured. Even Waddington
was caught up in it, finding himself
knocked down by a mounted policewoman who lifted her visor and said in
what he described as a home counties
accent: ?Frightfully sorry.?
What Waddington witnessed that
day gave him an idea for how to prevent
such chaos in the future. He suggested
that violent or non-compliant protesters be corralled until such time as they
became bored, tired and hungry. By
forming large cordons of police officers
who would move as one to contain a
crowd in a limited area, he said it should
be possible to leave protesters with only
one exit, which could be controlled.
Either that or the protesters would be
prevented from leaving the area completely, with the effect of denying them
access to food, water and lavatory facilities for an arbitrary period determined
by the police.
Kettling was first used in this country
five years later in the Parliament
Square disability rights demonstration.
It was used on several occasions after
that, but was not without its detractors.
The death of Ian Tomlinson, a
bystander who was struck by a police
officer during the G20 protests in 2009,
brought the tactic into the media
spotlight. Perhaps inevitably, given that
kettling clearly worked but also ruffled
feathers, liberal activists went to the
European Court of Human Rights to
challenge its legality. In 2012 the court
did something rather unexpected: it
ruled that kettling was lawful.
Given the size of him, it might have
been more appropriate for Waddington
to say ?frightfully sorry? to the mounted policewoman that day. ?Tank? was
not one of those ironic nicknames, such
as ?Lofty? for a short person, or ?Slim?
for a fat person. He was 6ft 6in and
broad of shoulder. His build, indeed,
was the reason he got into policing. At
the age of 16 he had gone for an interview with Birmingham city police only
to be told that he was not qualified.
However, the force offered him a place
on the cadet course because he would
be such a useful asset to its rugby team.
Getting clothes to fit was a problem
for Tank, as were beds, cars, and
would be able to see him only from the
waist up, in shirt and tie.
As an academic he had no patience
with cant and orthodoxy. His paper
Mugging as a moral panic: a question of
proportion, published in 1986, punctured some of the claims made about
the supposed links between the politicised demonisation of mugging and
trends in crime.
Another paper, In proportion: race,
and police stop and search in 2004,
forced a reappraisal of some of the
lazier arguments that were in vogue
about the police practice of stop and
search, arguing that the picture of
discrimination changed radically if one
considered who was about in particular
places and particular times.
Although Waddington was a contrarian who delighted in debate, he
could contain within himself quite
difficult, divergent and unresolved
thoughts. As a religious man, for
example, he was anything but orthodox, more of a pantheist than a conven-
A contract was taken out
on his life after he led an
inquiry in South Africa
Waddington with his wife, Diane, at a concert in 2011. He
came up with the divisive police tactic of kettling, right
economy airline seats. He once took a
seat in a crowded cinema only to hear a
voice behind him declare loudly: ?Trust
man-bloody-mountain to sit in front of
me!? He would joke that he had offered
to donate his body for medical research,
but had been rejected because he was
too tall to fit on the anatomy table.
Born in 1947 in the area of Birmingham now known as the Balti Triangle,
Peter Anthony James Waddington was
the only child of Jim Waddington, a site
Getting clothes to fit was
a problem for Tank, as
were beds and vehicles
manager for a construction company,
and his wife, Pat, who was an insurance
broker. By the age of 14 he was so tall
that he was asked by a nightclub owner
(who was unaware of his age) if he
would like to earn some extra money as
a bouncer.
At Moseley School of Art Waddington was an underachiever, but after
being accepted as
a police cadet, he
studied for O and
A levels at a techwell H
nical college and did well.
He took
unpaid leave from the police to read for
a degree from the University of London
and then resigned from the force to go
to the University of Leeds to read for a
PhD on the socialisation of prison
governors. He joined Reading University as a lecturer in 1977 and was later
appointed professor of sociology and
politics. He moved to Wolverhampton
University as a professor of social policy
in 2005 and there set up the country?s
first degree course in policing.
It was always the academic study and
practical reform of policing in England
and overseas that preoccupied him. He
grew to be one of the most respected
scholars in his field, publishing 11 books,
and was a member of the expert panel
advising Her Majesty?s chief inspector
of constabulary in his report on the
policing of the G20 protests. ?I was
encouraged in the line I took by the
strength of his thinking,? Sir Denis
O?Connor recalled, adding: ?He was a
British oak of a man.?
Waddington undertook work for the
Goldstone Commission in South Africa
as part of the post-apartheid peace and
reconciliation process, after which he
was asked by Judge Goldstone to
conduct an inquiry into the South
African police force?s investigation of
the Boipatong massacre. The project
resulted in a complete reorganisation
of the service, and a warning that a
contract had been taken out on his life.
A man who could never be accused of
dullness, Waddington laughed the
contract off and eventually it was
forgotten. He liked to impersonate
Elvis, complete with wig and sunglasses, drank beer rather than wine and had
posters of Clint Eastwood as Dirty
Harry on his walls. On one occasion,
when doing a television interview
seated at his desk, he wore shorts and
sandals, reasoning that TV viewers
tional Christian. He was playful,
sometimes a tease, not being averse to
閜ater les bourgeois
(s
(shock
the bourgeoisie)
by defending controve
versial
forms of policin including kettling,
ing,
w
which
did not always
en
endear
him to what he
ca
called
his ?softy? liberal academic peers. At
th Waddingtons? dinthe
n table, politics and
ner
re
religion
were not topic to be avoided, they
ics
w
were
compulsory.
It was in the police
ca
cadets
that he met
D
Diane
Atherley, who
is 5ft 7in. They marri in 1968. Thereried
af
after
he called her
?w
?wife?
or ?Waddie?.
Sh like everyone
She,
el friends and colelse,
ll d him Tank. They
leagues alike
alike, called
had two children: Daniel, who became
a carpenter and property developer,
and Claire, who became a doctor.
In order to undertake research for his
book The Strong Arm of the Law,
Waddington was embedded in the
Metropolitan Police firearms department and completed its firearms
course, achieving marksman grades.
He also had unfettered access to the
Met?s public order planning department and was allowed to train in riot
control (he even had his own riot
shield). Waddington attended many
public demonstrations and events including the Notting Hill Carnivals, the
striking miners? march, gay pride
marches, and New Year?s Eve in Trafalgar Square ? the scene of his eureka
moment.
Peter Waddington, sociology professor,
was born on March 6, 1947. He died
of a cardiac arrest on March 21, 2018,
aged 71
550
1G M
Tuesday May 1 2018 | the times
Register
Ronald Chesney
Harmonica player who was one half of the comedy-writing team that made On the Buses the biggest British sitcom of its day
GETTY IMAGES
Long before Ronnie Corbett and
Ronnie Barker began their iconic
collaboration,
British
television
comedy was being defined by a quite
different pair of Ronnies.
Ronald Chesney and his writing
partner Ronald Wolfe (obituary, December 21, 2011) scripted a series of
quintessentially British sitcoms in the
1960s that included The Rag Trade and
On The Buses and in the process created
memorable roles that turned Reg Varney, Peter Jones, Miriam Karlin and
Sheila Hancock into household names.
The shows were notable for a brash
and bawdy working-class humour that
was often better appreciated by viewers
than by TV critics. ?Writers who come
from orthodox middle-class backgrounds just don?t
know what makes
the man in the
street
laugh,?
Wolfe noted.
He and Chesney most certainly did. Audiences
of up to 13 million,
the
biggest
ratings the BBC
had achieved for
a comedy show
at the time,
laughed at The
Rag Trade, which ran
d also
l translated to
from 1961 to 1963, and
the West End stage.
Set in a garment factory with an allfemale workforce, the conflict between
workers and management presented a
rich seam of humour, with Karlin as a
strike-happy shop steward, blowing her
whistle and shouting ?Everybody out?,
Jones as the hapless owner and Varney
as the foreman.
Varney survived his humiliations in
the factory to drive the No 11 bus as Stan
Butler in On the Buses with Bob Grant
as Jack, his conductor. When not ogling
the mini-skirted clippies, the pair made
life hell for the officious bus inspector
?Blakey?, played by Stephen Lewis, and
whose oft-repeated ?I ?ate you, Butler!?
became a national catchphrase. The
show ran for more than 70 episodes
between 1969 and 1973, drawing audiences of up to 16 million, outstripping
even Dad?s Army in the ratings. On The
Buses also spawned three films written
by Wolfe and Chesney, the first of
which beat the James Bond movie Diamonds Are Forever, to become the top
British box-office attraction of 1971.
Both their biggest successes were
initially turned down. When Chesney
and Wolfe pitched The Rag Trade to
ITV, the idea was rejected on the
grounds that after spending the day
working in a factory, people did not
He and Wolfe were
known as Two Ronnies
before being usurped
want
to
re
return home
to see the
sa
same thing on
te
television.
Th
They took the
id
idea to the
BB
BBC, where
Fr
Frank
Muir
an
and
Denis
N
Norden, who
w
were working
as comedy advi
visers in the
Li
Light Entertaintment recom
ment department,
recommended it.
The process was reversed eight years
later when Chesney and Wolfe took On
The Buses to the BBC, which could not
imagine how anything remotely funny
could be set in a bus depot. By then Muir
was head of comedy at the newly
launched London Weekend Television
and commissioned the show,but he
later described it as ?rather at the baked
beans end of my menu?.
There were, however, a few practical
obstacles. A bus depot was required, as
well as a fleet of buses. London
Transport refused to help because they
felt that the show would not favour
their public image, depicting buses as
unpunctual, and their drivers as slothful, lascivious and without discipline.
Ronald Chesney in 1941 when he appealed for harmonicas to send to the troops
Chesney and Wolfe went instead to the
Eastern National Bus Company, which
gave permission for the use of its buses.
The writing partnership between
Wolfe and ?Ches? was based on a
division of labour in which they would
decide together on the main storyline,
separate to write individual sections
and reunite to provide the final polish.
The handwritten script was then
passed to Wolfe?s wife for typing.
Dennis Main Wilson, who produced
The Rag Trade, saw Wolfe?s forte as providing the human touch, with Chesney
as the technician who used props to
brilliant comic effect. ?Ches has the
better concentration and is the better
editor, so he?s the ?putter-downer? while
I?m the ?walker-rounder?,? Wolfe said.
They went to great pains to write
from real life, hanging around London
Transport depots for hours on end and
talking to the drivers and conductors
while writing On The Buses.
Chesney was born Ren� Lucien Cadier in London in 1920, the son of Marius
Cadier, a silk trader, and his wife,
Jeanne (n閑 Basset), who were French.
He was educated at the Lyc閑 in west
London and took piano lessons as a
child, but became a virtuoso on the
mouth organ after receiving a toy instrument in his Christmas stocking one
year.
At 16 he anglicised his name and
became a professional harmonica
player, touring ABC cinemas to
perform between films and making his
BBC radio debut in 1937.
Exempted from serving in the forces
during the war after suffering a TB-infected kidney, he launched an appeal
for harmonicas to send to the troops,
played for them on tours with the En-
tertainments National Service Association (ENSA) and taught them to
master the instrument on the radio
show Let?s Play the Mouth-Organ. After
the war he was a regular on programmes such as Workers? Playtime. He
played solo in a sold-out Albert Hall in
London and became president of the
National Harmonica League. His
showstoppers included Ravel?s Bolero.
He also developed what he called a
?talking harmonica?, using different
harmonicas to ?speak? in low and highpitched voices, and performed alongside Duke Ellington and Gracie Fields.
In 1955 he was performing in this style
on Educating Archie on the radio when
he met Wolfe, who wrote for the show.
They teamed up to provide scripts for
the next four radio seasons. When Educating Archie transferred to television,
the pair continued as scriptwriters with
Marty Feldman.
Chesney relaxed by playing his baby
grand piano at the family home in
Kingston-upon-Thames, which he
shared with his wife, Patricia (n閑
Martin), a former dancer, and their two
children: Michael, who ebcame a plastic surgeon, and Marianne, who for
more than 40 years has worked as an IT
consultant for IBM and Toshiba. He
was married for 71 years; his wife and
children survive him.
In private Chesney was quiet and
reserved with an inherent shyness that
meant that it was always left to his wife
to make the introductions at parties.
In a 20-year partnership with Wolfe,
he also wrote the BBC sitcoms Meet The
Wife starring Thora Hird and Freddie
Frinton, The Bed-Sit Girl for Sheila
Hancock, Sorry I?m Single starring
Derek Nimmo and Wild, Wild Women
for Barbara Windsor and Pat Coombs.
To this day On The Buses retains an
active fan club with 15,000 members,
but to harmonica aficionados nothing
compared to Chesney?s ability to play
Rimsky-Korsakov?s The Flight of the
Bumblebee at lightning speed.
Ronald Chesney, TV comedy writer, was
born on May 4, 1920. He died after a
short illness on April 12, 2018, aged 97
Lally Segard
Golfer known as the ?divine Vicomtesse? who was intensely competitive and liked to celebrate victory by dancing on tables
In 1937, a French girl with a crop of dark
hair won the British Girls? Open golfing
championship. Only 16, Lally Vagliano
was spurred on by her younger, golfing,
sister. ?Sonia played much better than I
did so I wanted to beat her? she
explained.
Later The Times would describe
Vagliano?s swing as ?faultless . . . with a
wide arc and a perfect grip?. With
characteristic modesty she murmured
of her British win: ?By a miracle I played
quite well but I was helped by luck.?
That assessment was thrown into
question two years later when Vagliano
became French champion.
The same year, 1939, she married a
soldier in the French artillery, Vicomte
Jacques de Saint-Sauveur. Some fans,
awed by her talent and dark beauty,
called her the ?divine Vicomtesse?.
The Vicomte was also a golf champion. During the war he was imprisoned in Berlin. In 1940, when Paris was
invaded, the president of Germany?s
golf federation entered the offices of
the equivalent French body. As his son
had been released as a prisoner of war
he was keen to have three captured
French golf internationals reprieved in
Berlin. One was Jacques de SaintSauveur. He was released within days.
Although she won the French
women?s championship again in 1946,
and had subsequent victories, Segard
said that her game never recovered the
standard to which she had played
before the war. But she viewed golf as
almost insignificant in the light of her
family?s involvement with the resistance. Her parents sheltered Allied
personnel while Segard?s sister Sonia
joined the Free French Forces and was
the first of their female officers to enter
Buchenwald concentration camp when
it was liberated.
Segard said the only reason to play
international golf was to have fun and
make friends. This approach could be
abused. On the eve of a match between
France and Belgium in Deauville in
1957, after she had taken over the
captaincy of her country from her
mother, she sent her young players to
bed early. After dinner she and friends
went to a nearby casino. There on the
dancefloor she found her entire team.
?Lally wanted to have young players
involved rather than crusty old birds
who did not display the best team
spirit,? said Pierre Bechmann, a friend
who became captain of the Royal and
Ancient golf club. ?Throughout her life,
she was the closest friend of people who
were considerably younger.?
Linda Bayman, former British
champion, called her ?the guiding light
of my life. It was entirely down to her
that I took golf seriously, that I learned
French, worked for Cond� Nast. I
sometimes wonder what path my life
would have taken if we had never met.?
She was born Doroth閑 Vagliano,the
daughter of a Greek father, Andr�, and
his wife, Barbara (n閑 Allen), who
was awarded the Croix de Guerre
for her work with the
American Committee for
Devastated France after
the First World War. She
was named for her
mother?s aunt, Dorothy,
who died shortly before
Barbara had married.
Both
of
her
parents were golf
champions. Andr�
was captain of
France, and donated the Vagliano
Trophy, which is
awarded to the
winner of the
ladies
match
between Great
Britain & Ireland
Segard won more
than 30 golf titles
and Europe. Segard grew up playing
golf and tennis. Later her slender frame
made her an ideal model for her husband?s fashion company, Bruy鑢e, but
golf was her first love. Her victories
included the 1950 British Ladies
Amateur Championship at Royal
County Down. The club?s centenary
history recorded: ?The combination
of her attractive appearance and
golfing ability set many an old
golfing heart gently aflutter.?
In all she scooped up more
than 30 national and
international titles. Lively
and
light-hearted,
she
admitted to breaking glasses as
she danced on tables after a
win. While preparing a
course at St Germain
she rode between holes
on a Solex motorbike.
Wherever she played,
men would beg to
caddie for her.
Segard
became
chairwoman of the
World Amateur Golf
Council?s women?s
committee. In 2015
she became one of the
first seven female
honorary members of
the Royal and Ancient. When the
invitation arrived friends asked, with
bated breath, ?Will you accept?? ?But
how could I not?? she replied.
Away from golf she enjoyed gardening. In 1969 she divorced Jacques, with
whom she had two children, Evelyne
and Alain. Both predeceased her. Her
second husband, Patrick Segard, who
was chief executive of a French government organisation, took his own life in
1979. Her family declined to reveal any
personal details; they wished only to
talk about her character and career.
?As organiser of championships and
promoter of ladies? golf she had no
peers,? Bechmann said. ?She displayed
ruthless determination as a competitor
while showing the most impeccable
and charming sportsmanship. She was
also the most elegant and friendly
golfer one could dream of meeting.?
At 92 Segard still played golf with a
perfect swing. Hauling her bag over the
Morfontaine course, north of Paris, she
would praise the play of her opponent.
In her retirement home she did not lose
her competitive edge: it was noted that
at any events involving her fellow
pensioners, she always came first.
Lally Segard, golfer, was born on April 4,
1921. She died on March 3, 2018, aged 96
the times | Tuesday May 1 2018
51
1G M
Register
Law Report
Births, Marriages and Deaths
Airline liable for carrying non-EU
citizen without correct papers
WORRY can rob you of happiness, but
Court of Appeal
Published May 1, 2018
Ryanair Ltd v Secretary of State
for the Home Department
Before Lady Justice King, Lord Justice
Newey and Mr Justice MacDonald
[2018] EWCA Civ 899
Judgment April 24, 2018
A valid residence card for the
purposes of entry by a family
member of a European Union
national to the United Kingdom
without a visa had to bear the
words ?Residence card of a
family member of a Union
citizen?. Where a passenger
failed to produce such a
document and failed to establish
a right of free movement in some
other way, the home secretary
was entitled to impose a charge
on the carrier in respect
of a passenger without proper
documentation.
The Court of Appeal so stated
when refusing the appeal of
Ryanair Ltd against a decision of
Judge Wulwik in the Central
London county court on June 6,
2017, that a charge of �000
issued by the home secretary
under section 40 of the
Immigration and Asylum Act
1999 was lawfully imposed.
Article 5.2 of Directive
2004/38/EC, on the right of
citizens of the Union and their
family members to move and
reside freely within the territory
of the member states, provides:
?For the purposes of this
directive, possession of the valid
residence card referred to in
article 10 shall exempt such
family members from the
visa requirement.?
Article 10.1 provides: ?The
right of residence of family
members of a Union citizen who
are not nationals of a member
state shall be evidenced by the
issuing of a document called
?Residence card of a family
member of a Union citizen?.?
Article
20.1
provides:
?Member states shall issue
family members who are not
nationals of a member state
entitled
to
permanent
residence with a permanent
residence card.?
Ms Kassie Smith, QC, for
Ryanair; Mr Simon Colton, QC,
for the secretary of state.
Lord Justice Newey said that
the passenger had flown from
Germany to London on a
Ryanair flight with his son, an
Austrian citizen. The passenger,
a citizen of Bosnia and Herzegovina, had produced a card
issued by the Austrian authorities bearing words which could
be translated as: ?family member
? permanent residency?.
When the father arrived (with
his son) he was stopped by UK
Border Force and refused leave
to enter the UK. He explained
that he lived in Austria and had
been told by a German official
that he did not need a visa. The
UK Border Force ordered
Ryanair to take him back to Germany. The Home Office subsequently confirmed that Ryanair
was liable to pay �000 under
section 40 of the Immigration
and Asylum Act 1999, on the
basis that one of the passengers
had arrived in the UK without
appropriate
documentation.
That charge was the subject
of the appeal.
It seemed to his Lordship that
an article 10 residence card had
to bear the words ?Residence
card of a family member of a
Union citizen? (in whatever
language) and, hence, that a
?valid residence card? within the
meaning of article 5.2 of the
directive also had to do so.
A card purportedly issued
without the requisite words
might
potentially
provide
powerful evidence of the
holder?s right of free movement
and so, perhaps, enable him to
prove his entitlement ?by other
means? under article 5.4. However, a card that did not carry the
specified wording would not of
itself satisfy article 5.2.
Further, possession of a card
issued under article 20 of the
directive might potentially
afford strong evidence of a right
of free movement. Nevertheless,
a bare article 20 card did not
count as a ?valid residence card?
for the purposes of article 5.2.
In the present case, however,
there was no evidence that the
card held by the passenger had
been applied for or issued under
article 20. It appeared to
have been issued pursuant to
Austrian domestic law rather
than article 20.
Liability under section 40 of
the Immigration and Asylum
Act 1999 arose when a passenger
failed to produce appropriate
documentation to the immigration officer. The home secretary
was entitled to impose a charge
under section 40 wherever a
passenger neither produced the
documents required by articles
5.1 and 5.2 of the directive
nor, despite having been given
an opportunity to do so, proved
by other means that he was
covered by the right of free
movement.
Even supposing that the home
secretary bore the burden of
proof, she could be under no
obligation to demonstrate not
merely that a passenger had not
provided proof of a right of free
movement, but that he in fact
lacked such a right. The terms of
article 5 were not apt to impose
such a requirement and someone wishing to rely on an EU
right had generally to establish
that he had it.
Further, the duty to give
someone ?every reasonable
opportunity? to ?prove by other
means? that he had a right of free
movement (in accordance with
article 5.4 of the directive) did
not mean that the UK Border
Force had always to tell a person
lacking appropriate documentation that he could seek to
establish a right of free
movement in some other way.
Perhaps there might be
circumstances in which providing ?every reasonable opportunity? to prove a right of free
movement necessarily involved
drawing the relevant individual?s
attention to the fact that he had
that opportunity but there was
no general rule to that effect.
Since the passenger had
neither produced the documents required by article 5.2 nor
proved by other means that he
was covered by the right of free
movement, the home secretary
had been entitled to impose the
�000 charge on Ryanair.
Lady Justice King and Mr Justice MacDonald agreed.
Solicitors: Stephenson Harwood LLP; Treasury Solicitor.
Court Circular
(Permanent Secretary,
Department for International
Development).
Buckingham Palace
30th April, 2018
The Duke of York today
received Major General
Benjamin Bathurst (General
Officer Commanding London
District and Major General
Commanding the
Household Division).
His Royal Highness,
Founder, Pitch@Palace,
this afternoon received the
Lord Marland (Chairman,
Commonwealth
Business Council).
The Duke of York received
Mr Matthew Ryecroft
Buckingham Palace
30th April, 2018
The Earl of Wessex, Chairman
of the Trustees, The Prince
Philip Trust Fund for the
Royal Borough of Windsor and
Maidenhead, this afternoon
chaired a Meeting at
St George?s House and this
evening attended a Dinner
in the Norman Tower,
Windsor Castle.
The Countess of Wessex,
Colonel-in-Chief, Corps of
Army Music, today held
a Meeting.
Buckingham Palace
30th April, 2018
The Princess Royal this
afternoon visited Thales
United Kingdom, 1 Linthouse
Road, Glasgow, to mark their
Twenty Fifth Anniversary, and
was received by Her Majesty?s
Lord-Lieutenant of the City of
Glasgow (Councillor Eva
Bolander, the Rt Hon the
Lord Provost).
Her Royal Highness, Patron,
the Royal College of Midwives,
later opened Alongside
Midwifery Unit at Wishaw
General Hospital Maternity
Unit, 50 Netherton Street,
Wishaw, and was received by
Her Majesty?s Lord-Lieutenant
of Lanarkshire (the Lady
Haughey).
The Princess Royal
afterwards opened Healthcare
Environmental Group
Limited?s Waste to Energy
Facility, Hassockrigg Eco Park,
Shotts Road, Shotts, and was
received by Mr Gavin
Whitefield (Vice LordLieutenant of Lanarkshire).
kind words will cheer you up. Proverbs
12.25 (GNB)
Bible verses provided by Bible Society
www.newsukadvertising.co.uk
MURRAY燜ather燫obert燬燡燿ied爋n
24th燗pril�18,燼ged�,燼t燙orpus
Christi燡esuit爎esidence爄n燘oscombe.
For爉any爕ears燼爈ecturer燼t燞eythrop
College,燯niversity爋f燣ondon.燜uneral
mass燼t爐he燾hurch爋f爐he營mmaculate
Conception,燜arm燬treet,燣ondon,
W1K�H,爋n爐he�d燤ay,燼t�m.
OHLSON燢enneth燘anks燿ied
Charlie�(n閑燞acking)燼nd燗lex,燼
daughter,燤atilda燙lare燗gatha,爏ister
to燫ory.
peacefully爋n�nd燗pril�18,燼ged�,
at爃ome.燝reatly爈oved燼nd爈oving
husband爋f燡ill,爓onderful爁ather爋f
Richard,燞ilary,燙hristopher燼nd燡onny,
and燼dored爂randfather燼nd爂reatgrandfather.燩rivate燾remation.燗
service爋f爐hanksgiving爓ill燽e爃eld爋n
Friday�t燡une,燼t爊oon,燼t燬t
Andrew's燙hurch,燙heam,燬M2�F.燗ll
welcome.燜amily爁lowers爋nly,燽ut
donations,爄f燿esired,爐o燬urrey燙ricket
Foundation,燭he燢ia燨val,燢ennington,
London,燬E11�S.
LAKIN On�th燗pril�18爐o
PIX燤ichael燿ied爌eacefully爋n�rd
Births
ALLEN On�th燗pril�18爐o燞annah
(n閑燩ratt)燼nd燡ason,爐wins,燴oe燼nd
Kate,爏isters爐o燡essica燼nd燤ichael.
Beautiful爐win爂irls爓eighing�bs�z
and�bs�z.
CHRISTIAN燨n�th燗pril�18爐o
Margaretha�(n閑燘ata)燼nd燛dmund,燼
daughter,燩amina燙lara燣ouise,爏ister
to燢aspar.
LELLMAN燨n�rd燗pril�18爐o燗lice
(n閑燩orter)燼nd燢arl,爐wins,燨scar
Michael燼nd燛lliot燚avid,燽rothers爐o
Gabriel燼nd燬ebastian.
VANE-TEMPEST燨n�th燗pril�18
to燙harlotte�(n閑燨ddie)燼nd燡ames,燼
daughter,燜lora燤ary燛lizabeth,爏ister
to燝eorge燼nd燞arry.
Forthcoming
Marriages
MR A.M.D. MEGARRY
AND燤ISS V.E.J. MENHINICK
The爀ngagement爄s燼nnounced燽etween
Andrew,爏on爋f燤rs燝illian燙reevy爋f
Broughshane,燙ounty燗ntrim,燼nd
Victoria,爕ounger燿aughter爋f燤r燼nd
Mrs燤artin燤enhinick爋f燣indsell,
Essex.
MR A.W. ROBB
AND燤ISS H.B.L. WELLS
The爀ngagement爄s燼nnounced燽etween
Alec,爕oungest爏on爋f燤r燼nd燤rs燢eith
Robb爋f燱arrington,燙heshire,燼nd
Hannah,爋nly燿aughter爋f燤r燼nd燤rs
David燱ells爋f燬t燦eots,
Cambridgeshire.
Marriages
MISS燙.燘UCKLEY
AND燤R燙.燬HAW
The爉arriage爐ook爌lace爋n�th
April�18,燼t燙hrist燙hurch燩ort
Sunlight燱irral,燽etween
Charlotte燼nd燙hristopher
Deaths
BELLINGHAM燙olin燡ohn燜RICS
passed燼way爋n�th燗pril�18,燼ged
81.燤uch-loved爃usband爋f燝illian燼nd
father爋f燤ichael,燡ulia燼nd燡ohn,
grandfather爋f爐hree.燣ong爐ime
resident爋f燞ong燢ong燼nd爈atterly爋f
UK.燞is爁uneral爏ervice爓ill燽e爃eld爋n
18th燤ay,燼t�.45am.燗ny爀nquiries:
Stoneman,燫edhill,爐el:�737�3456.
BURKEMAN
Fiona�(n閑燙live璕oss)爌assed
away爋n�th燗pril�18,燼ged�.
Fiona爈ived燼n爀xtraordinary爈ife,
successfully爎einventing爃erself爏o
many爐imes爁rom�s爁ashion
designer燼nd營t爂irl,爐o爋rganic
farmer,爁rom爌olitician爐o爌roperty
developer.燗爈ifelong爈over爋f
animals燼nd爄n爌articular爃orses
she爓as燼爐alented爀questrian.
She爏ucceeded爄n爏o爉any燼reas,
but爏he爐ook爌ride爄n爊one爉ore
than爄n爃er爎oles燼s燼爓onderful
daughter爐o爃er爌arents,燜rancis
and燨live,爁iercely爈oving爉other
to爃er爐hree燾hildren,燗dam,燭iggy
and燬arah燼nd爐ireless爏upporter
to爃er爉any爁riends.燦one爋f爑s
can爍uite燽elieve爐his爑niquely
strong爓oman,爓ho爏urvived爐he
death爋f爃er爋wn燿arling燿aughter
Sarah,爃as爁inally爈ost爃er爈ong
fight爐o燾ancer.燬he爓ill燽e燿early
missed燽y爏o爉any燽ut爀specially
by爃er爐wo爏urviving燾hildren燼nd
her爌artner燘rian,爓ho爊ever
wavered爁rom爃er爏ide燼nd爈oved
her爓ith燼ll爃is爃eart.燗
celebration爋f爃er爈ife爓ill燽e爃eld
on爃er燽irthday,�h燡uly,燼t爃er
beloved燣imbury.
JAMES燛lizabeth�"Mary"燙lifford�(n閑
Van燚er燘ijl)燿ied爌eacefully爋n�th
April�18,燼ged�.燱idow爋f燞enry
James燼nd爌reviously爋f燡ohn燘lount.
Much-loved爉other爋f燡ulia燼nd燙harles
and爂randmother爋f燛d,燡ohn,燗lex燼nd
Arthur.燞er爁uneral爓ill爐ake爌lace燼t燬t
Agatha?s燙hurch,燘rightwell燾/燬otwell,
OX10�U,爋n燭uesday�th燤ay,燼t
11.30am.燜amily爁lowers爋nly,燽ut
donations,爄f燿esired,爐o燘rightwell
Churches,燾/o燞oward燙hadwick
Funeral燬ervice.燭el:�491�5222.
www.chadwicksfuneralservice.co.uk.
Memorial Services
CAREY燗燤emorial燬ervice爁or燘ridget
(n閑燙ooke)爓ill燽e爃eld燼t燬t燤ary's
Church,燱iveton,燦R25�P,燼t�m,爋n
22nd燡une�18.
In Memoriam - War
PHILLIPS燦orman燞olt.燚river燗
Battery燞AC爇illed爄n燗ction燛s燬alt,
Palestine,�t燤ay�18.
Legal Notices
March�18,燼ged�,爄n燙hinon,燼fter
a燽rave爁ight爓ith燾ancer.燞e爄s
survived燽y爃is爈oving燼nd爉uch-loved
wife,燡eanne.燤ichael爓as燼n
exceptional爄nsurance燽roker,爈inguist,
raconteur燼nd爓as燙hairman爋f燡燞
Minet燜ine燗rt�&燡ewellery燚ivision,
from�84爐o�97燼nd燱illis燜aber
Dumas燜ine燗rt,燡ewellery�&燬pecie
from�98,爑ntil爃is爎etirement爄n
2003. We爓ill爉iss爃im爒ery爉uch.燗
celebration爋f爃is爈ife爓ill燽e爃eld爄n
London爈ater爄n爐he爕ear.
SAUNDERS燭ony�(Sandy/Pomma)
died爋n�nd燗pril�18,燼ged�,爉uchloved爃usband爋f爐he爈ate燘unty,爁ather
of燗nn,燩hilip燼nd燱illiam,爂randfather
and爂reat-grandfather.燩rivate
cremation.燭hanksgiving爏ervice燼t燬t
Mary's燙hurch,燬lindon,燦r燗rundel,
BN18�B,爋n�h燤ay�18,燼t�m.
Enquiries爐o燢evin燞olland燜uneral
Service,爐el:�243�8630.
SILEWICZ燴dzis?aw燱incenty爌assed
away爌eacefully爄n燣ondon,爋n�th
April�18,燼t爐he燼ge爋f�.燗
wonderful爉an,燼dored燽y爃is爁amily
and燾lose爁riends.燞e爓ill燽e爃ugely
missed.燜uneral爉ass爐o燽e爃eld燼t燭he
London燨ratory,燱ednesday�h燤ay,
at�am.
STRIDE燡ohn燛dward爌assed燼way
20th燗pril�18,燼ged�爕ears. Actor,
and爁ather爐o爐hree燿aughters.燜uneral
service爐o爐ake爌lace燼t燨xford
Crematorium,爋n燱ednesday�h燤ay,
at�am.燦o爁lowers爌lease,燽ut
donations,爐o爐he燗ctors燘enevolent
Fund燼nd燤IND. All爀nquiries爐o:
Sandra燞omewood燜unerals,爐elephone:
01865�0700.
TATHAM燗nne爋n�th燗pril�18,
adored爓ife爋f爐he爈ate燦igel,爉other
of燡o,燙ally,燛dwina燼nd燙harlotte,
grandmother爋f爐hirteen燼nd爂reatgrandmother爋f爐hree. Service爋f
thanksgiving燼t爐he燩arish燙hurch,
Midhurst,燝U29�B,燼t�m,爋n
Thursday�h燡une.燘right燾olours
please.
WETHERALL燰era燗nne燤BE�(n閑
Acton燚avis)爋n�nd燗pril�18,燼ged
90.燣oving爓idow爋f燡ohn,爌roud
mother爋f燿aughters燙indy燿e爈a燫ue
and爐he爈ate燛mma燞ughes燼nd爋f爏on
Charlie,燼doring燝randmop爋f燬am,
Rose燼nd燤ay燿e爈a燫ue,燩atrick燼nd
Tom燞ughes,燡essica燼nd燣ouis
Wetherall. She爄s爊ow爎eunited爄n
peace爓ith爃er燽eloved燡ohn燼nd
Emma. Thanksgiving爏ervice燼t燬t
Mary?s燙hurch,燜royle,燝U34�H,爋n
Wednesday�rd燤ay�18,燼t�m.燦o
black燾lothes爌lease. Family爁lowers
only. Any燿onations爌lease爐o燤ental
Health燜oundation爋r燬t燤ary?s燙hurch,
c/o燢emp�&燬tevens�(Alton).
WORDIE Peter燡effrey燿ied爌eacefully
at燛rskine燩ark燙are燞ome,燘ishopton,
on�th燗pril�18.燤uch-loved
husband爋f燗lice,爈oving爁ather爋f
Roderick,燙hantal,燤ichaela,燩hilippa
and燙harles燼nd燼dored�"Bumper"爐o
his爐hirteen爂randchildren. Service爋f
thanksgiving燼t燚unblane燙athedral,
2pm,爋n�th燤ay�18.燦o爁lowers
please,燽ut燿onations,爄f燿esired,爐o
Erskine燩ark燙are燞ome,燾/o燡ohn
Coubrough�&燬on,燜uneral燚irectors,
27,燙astlehill燣oan,燢ippen,
Stirlingshire,燬cotland,燜K8�Z.
The simple way to place
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the times | Tuesday May 1 2018
53
1G M
Weather
Weather Eye
Paul Simons
Today Long spells of rain in the west of the UK. Largely dry in southeastern Britain. Max 14C (57F), min 0C (32F)
Around Britain
Five days ahead
Key: b=bright, c=cloud, d=drizzle, pc=partly cloudy
du=dull, f=fair, fg=fog, h=hail, m=mist, r=rain,
sh=showers, sl=sleet, sn=snow, s=sun, t=thunder
*=previous day **=data not available
Spells of rain or showers,
but becoming gradually
drier and warmer during
the week
Temperature
Tomorrow
Flood alerts and warnings
Temp C
Rain mm Sun hr*
midday yesterday
24 hrs to 5pm yesterday
Aberdeen
Aberporth
Anglesey
Aviemore
Barnstaple
Bedford
Belfast
Birmingham
Bournemouth
Bridlington
Bristol
Camborne
Cardiff
Edinburgh
Eskdalemuir
Glasgow
Guernsey
Hereford
Herstmonceux
Ipswich
Isle of Man
Isle of Wight
Keswick
Kinloss
Leeds
Lerwick
Leuchars
Lincoln
Liverpool
London
Lyneham
Manchester
Margate
Milford Haven
Newcastle
Nottingham
Orkney
Oxford
Plymouth
Portland
Scilly, St Mary?s
Shoreham
Shrewsbury
Skye
Snowdonia
Southend
Stornoway
Tiree
Whitehaven
Wick
Yeovilton
8
8
9
9
10
8
9
8
8
8
9
9
10
9
9
11
7
9
5
5
9
6
8
9
7
8
9
8
10
8
7
10
6
10
9
8
8
8
10
8
10
5
9
**
7
6
9
10
7
8
9
PC
PC
PC
S
S
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
R
R
PC
R
C
S
C
PC
**
PC
C
PC
PC
C
R
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
C
C
PC
R
PC
**
PC
R
S
PC
PC
S
PC
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
**
0.0
33.0
14.8
0.0
1.6
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
3.4
0.0
0.0
36.8
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
19.4
0.0
**
0.0
31.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
7.5
9.8
11.6
7.3
**
**
9.9
**
0.0
**
0.1
11.3
0.5
7.9
5.9
4.4
**
**
0.0
0.0
9.4
**
**
14.3
**
5.6
10.5
0.0
**
0.0
0.0
5.1
0.0
**
**
0.0
6.5
**
**
**
**
0.0
0.2
**
**
0.0
14.1
9.2
3.2
**
0.0
A band of cloud and rain in
southeastern Britain will move
eastwards, tur
in places.
Scattered s
ere,
spreading s w s.
Max 12C, n 1
8
7
Slight
Rough
12
6
35
Aberdeen
NORTH
SEA
30
Edinburgh
Glasgow
20
9
11
Londonderry
ATLANTIC
OCEAN
Sunny intervals with some scattered
showers in southeastern England and
rain or drizzle
r l
and western
Scotland. O
w ,
ly dry, but
with the ri
o at
ers.
Max 14C, in C
Belfast
Dublin
13
LLlandudno
Cork
Channel Islands
Partly cloudy with rain in Scotland and
Ireland. England and Wales will have
sunny interval n
ells, but
with some i
s.
Max 19C,
68
15
59
10
50
5
41
0
32
-5
23
-10
14
-15
5
i h
Norwich
10
11
Birmingham
Swansea
13
4
14
Bristol
London
11
0
10
Southampton
Exeterr
Brighton
11
CHANNEL
2
Tides
Cambridge
Oxford
Cardiff
CELTIC
SEA
General situation: Rain over Ireland
will move eastwards to western
Britain, followed by showers.
NE Eng, E Eng, Cen N Eng, E Eng,
Midlands, E Anglia, Cen S Eng,
London, SE Eng: Largely dry with
sunny intervals, but cloud increasing
from the west later, bringing some
isolated showers. Light to moderate
southwesterly wind. Maximum
14C (57F), minimum 7C (45F).
NW Eng, Wales, Channel Is, SW Eng:
A dry and bright start, but cloud
15
Nottingham
Plymouth
16
77
20
Sheffield
11
Shrewsbury
35
Largely dry with sunny spells, but
some isolated showers in Ireland and
Scotland.
Max 21C, mi
25
Hull
14
ooo
Liverpool
IRISH
SEA
9
13
Saturday
86
Yorkk
Manchester
11
16
30
13
10
24
Galway
18
F
95
Carlisle
9
10
15
C
35
Newcastle
Thursday
Friday
9
9
At 17:00 on Monday there were
38 ?ood alerts and 3 warnings in
England, and no ?ood alerts or
warnings in Wales or Scotland.
For further information and
updates, visit ?ood-warninginformation.service.gov.uk, and for
Scotland www.SEPA.org.uk
12
Shetland
Sh
8
Moderate
28 (degrees C)
10
All readings local midday yesterday
18 S
Madeira
10 B
Madrid
18 S
Majorca
19 S
M醠aga
25 F
Malta
17 S
Melbourne
Mexico City 24 B
29 B
Miami
21 C
Milan
** **
Mombasa
7
R
Montreal
23 F
Moscow
32 B
Mumbai
14 B
Munich
22 C
Nairobi
23 S
Naples
New Orleans 27 S
14 B
New York
17 S
Nice
25 S
Nicosia
11 F
Oslo
5
C
Paris
29 F
Perth
18 S
Prague
2
R
Reykjavik
18 F
Riga
Rio de Janeiro 28 S
33 F
Riyadh
20 B
Rome
San Francisco 15 S
18 F
Santiago
24 F
S鉶 Paulo
20 B
Seoul
31 S
Seychelles
32 B
Singapore
St Petersburg 12 DU
11 F
Stockholm
19 B
Sydney
28 F
Tel Aviv
20 S
Tenerife
24 S
Tokyo
11 S
Vancouver
22 F
Venice
26 F
Vienna
27 F
Warsaw
Washington 10 C
16 S
Zurich
ney
Orkney
Calm
8
16
20 B
10 S
23 S
20 R
31 F
29 R
30 S
17 S
24 F
25 S
28 F
19 C
23 DU
11 R
12 B
21 F
26 F
19 M
37 S
25 B
17 F
21 F
12 S
15 F
25 S
** **
34 F
11 S
14 B
20 C
16 S
15 S
17 S
24 F
12 B
28 S
25 B
20 F
33 F
20 F
32 S
21 S
20 S
21 C
14 S
19 S
35 C
e st te
(mph)
10
The world
Alicante
Amsterdam
Athens
Auckland
Bahrain
Bangkok
Barbados
Barcelona
Beijing
Beirut
Belgrade
Berlin
Bermuda
Bordeaux
Brussels
Bucharest
Budapest
Buenos Aires
Cairo
Calcutta
Canberra
Cape Town
Chicago
Copenhagen
Corfu
Delhi
Dubai
Dublin
Faro
Florence
Frankfurt
Geneva
Gibraltar
Harare
Helsinki
Hong Kong
Honolulu
Istanbul
Jerusalem
Johannesburg
Kuala Lumpur
Lanzarote
Las Palmas
Lima
Lisbon
Los Angeles
Luxor
in s e d
34
increasing from the west later with
rain moving eastwards. The risk of
some hill fog over Wales. Fresh to
strong southwesterly wind. Maximum
10C (50F), minimum 5C (41F).
N Isles, NE Scotland, Moray Firth,
Aberdeen, Edinburgh & Dundee,
Borders: Dry with sunshine and patchy
cloud at ?rst, but cloud thickening with
spells of rain later in the afternoon.
Light to moderate southerly wind.
Maximum 12C (54F), minimum
0C (32F).
20
NW Scotland, Cen Highland, Argyll,
Glasgow, SW Scotland, Lake District,
IoM: Rather cloudy with long spells
of rain spreading to the east, turning
heavy in places. Strong to near-gale
force southerly wind. Maximum
10C (50F), minimum 0C (32F).
N Ireland, Republic of Ireland: Cloudy
with early rain moving eastwards,
becoming heavy in places and followed
by scattered showers. Fresh to strong
southerly wind. Maximum 12C (54F),
minimum 4C (39F).
Noon today
Tidal predictions.
Heights in metres
15
20
18
Sunday
Bright or sunny intervals with spells
of rain in Ireland and Scotland.
Elsewhere, mai
sunshine
and patchy
Max 23C, n C
17
18
22
20
The Times weather
page is provided
by Weatherquest
Tours for the solo traveller
T R AV E L W I T H L I K E- M I N D E D P EO P L E
Today
Aberdeen
Avonmouth
Belfast
Cardiff
Devonport
Dover
Dublin
Falmouth
Greenock
Harwich
Holyhead
Hull
Leith
Liverpool
London Bridge
Lowestoft
Milford Haven
Morecambe
Newhaven
Newquay
Oban
Penzance
Portsmouth
Shoreham
Southampton
Swansea
Tees
Weymouth
Ht
02:55 4.2
09:00 13.4
00:46 3.3
08:51 12.3
07:30 5.4
00:41 6.8
01:03 3.8
06:56 5.1
02:12 3.4
01:14 4.0
12:06 5.5
08:00 7.3
04:12 5.5
00:44 9.4
03:27 7.2
11:18 2.4
07:57 7.0
00:46 9.3
00:38 6.8
06:47 6.9
07:15 3.9
06:19 5.5
00:50 4.7
00:54 6.4
00:27 4.5
08:03 9.5
05:17 5.3
08:35 2.1
Ht
15:12 4.2
21:19 13.3
13:00 3.5
21:07 12.3
19:47 5.4
13:00 6.7
13:27 3.9
19:11 5.1
14:17 3.4
13:37 4.0
--:--20:16 7.4
16:35 5.5
13:03 9.3
15:47 7.1
23:31 2.5
20:14 6.9
13:04 9.2
12:56 6.6
19:04 6.9
19:37 3.9
18:37 5.5
13:10 4.6
13:14 6.2
12:45 4.3
20:20 9.5
17:32 5.3
20:59 2.2
1
Cold front
Warm front
Occluded front
Trough
Synoptic situation
A low-pressure system over
Ireland will move eastwards
across Britain, bringing long
spells of rain, followed by
scattered showers. Another
area of low pressure over
Algeria and Tunisia will move
notheastwards to Italy, leading
to unsettled weather during
the next few days with heavy
rain, showers or thunderstorms,
depositing Saharan dust.
F R O M O NLY
TOUR
�9
PER PERSON
Flights from regional airports
Highs and lows
Hours of darkness
24hrs to 5pm yesterday
Aberdeen
Belfast
Birmingham
Cardiff
Exeter
Glasgow
Liverpool
London
Manchester
Newcastle
Norwich
Penzance
Shef?eld
Warmest: Glasgow,
Strathclyde, 14.0C
Coldest: Kinbrace, -6.0C
Wettest: East Malling,
Kent, 37.4mm
Sunniest: Kinloss, 14.3hrs*
Sun and moon
For Greenwich
Sun rises: 05.31
Sun sets: 20.22
Moon rises: 21.55
Moon sets: 07.14 Wed
Last quarter: May 8
T
oday is the beginning of
May, celebrated in ancient
times by the Gaelic festival
of Beltane, when fires were
lit the evening before to
mark the beginning of what was
considered summer. Beltane was
probably significant because it
came roughly halfway between the
spring equinox and summer solstice,
as the growing power of the sun
marked the transition from spring
to summer.
Glimmers of summer on the
horizon are difficult to see at
the moment. The outlook for
May starts as a mixture of
sunshine and rain followed by
warmer, drier weather, but after
that there is a good deal of
uncertainty and there is no strong
signal for what early summer is
likely to bring. Farmers, though,
will probably be hoping for no
more long bouts of rain in May;
as folklore warned: ?A May wet,
was never kind yet.?
Let us also hope that the bizarre
rollercoaster of weather in April is
gone. April was unusually wet and
the explosion of wind and rain in the
east and southeast yesterday was
nothing short of extraordinary.
Even before that storm, rainfall up
to April 28 across England and
Wales was more than a third higher
than normal. April is usually one of
our drier months and for farmers
the wet spring has delayed the
planting of many crops, such as
onions and potatoes.
One surprise, however, is how
warm April was, at least in central
England. Despite the cold end to the
month overall temperatures held up
well. Temperatures in central
England are likely to rank in the top
50 warmest Aprils in records going
back to 1659. The extraordinary
heatwave of two weeks ago
obviously helped, but was not
enough to explain the month?s
warmth overall. It was far less
apparent in the first half of the
month, when daytimes were
memorably cool and sometimes
downright cold, but the nights
were exceptionally mild thanks to
thick cloud cover giving an
insulating effect.
21:21-04:46
21:26-05:12
21:03-05:04
21:05-05:12
21:04-05:16
21:24-05:01
21:10-05:05
20:53-05:00
21:08-05:02
21:10-04:53
20:51-04:50
21:10-05:26
21:04-04:59
T
he thought of travelling alone can be daunting, but with Riviera Travel, you can rest
assured that you?ll be taken care of at every step of the way on their escorted tours.
Since 1984, they have carefully curated holidays for customers, so they understand
what makes your experience that extra bit special. They are delighted to offer the same
passionately curated holidays that customers have come to love, especially for those who
wish to travel solo.
Selected departures up to November, 2019.
Guided excursions included
Welcome dinner
Fully-escorted by our dedicated
tour managers
Call 0330 160 5049 and quote KM196
thetimes.co.uk/riviera
Price per person based on a twin room for sole occupancy. Single rooms available at a supplement. Additional entrance costs may apply. Travel insurance is not included but is strongly recommended. This holiday is operated by and subject to booking conditions of Riviera Travel, ABTA V4744 ATOL 3430 protected, a company independent of Times
Newspapers Ltd. Subject to availability. Images used in conjunction with Riviera Travel. KM196.
554
Tuesday May 1 2018 | the times
2G M
Sport
Abell adds to list
of talents as he
shines with ball
Somerset v Yorkshire
DAN MULLAN/GETTY IMAGES
Surrey dig in
to end Bailey?s
victory surge
Siddle feels the
cold at the Ageas
Bowl, where it was
5C, but worked up
enough pace to
break Rossouw?s
bat, inset
Paul Edwards
Division One table
Taunton (final day of four): Somerset (20pts) beat
Yorkshire (3) by 118 runs
Specsavers County Championship
Steve James
So Tom Abell can bowl too. Is there no
limit to the 24-year-old?s talents? He is
growing into the role of captaincy and
Abell, who made a second-innings 82
on Sunday, showed yesterday that he
can also bowl some very useful medium
pacers.
Lunch had been taken with Yorkshire
having already lost six wickets in their
pursuit of a notional 321 to win, but then
Jack Leaning and Tim Bresnan were
building the sort of stubborn partnership of which Yorkshire sides of yore
would have been proud.
Josh Davey was off the field with a
thigh injury and the off spin of Dom
Bess was clearly not particularly
threatening on a pitch that was easier
than at any other stage of the game but
still suited to seam. The other seamers
had already bowled their share of overs,
so Abell decided to give himself a go,
despite having just three first-class
wickets to his name before this match.
The results were better than he could
ever have imagined. He revealed
himself as much more than a dobber.
He bowled some briskish away swing
and nipped the odd ball back off the
seam. It was a ball of the latter variety
that did for Bresnan, trapping him
leg-before for 21. The batsman was
crestfallen, but unless he had edged the
ball, it looked an obvious decision.
A partnership of 56 for the seventh
wicket was ended and the gate to
victory thrown wide open. There was
more from Abell too when he snared
Ben Coad, caught at second slip by
Marcus Trescothick.
When Leaning was last man out,
top-edging a pull off the impressive
Craig Overton, it was Somerset?s
second victory from two this season,
the first time that they have done that
since 1993. The first-innings century by
Matt Renshaw, the Australia opener,
was clearly critical. His signing in place
Nottinghamshire
Somerset
Hampshire
Essex
Yorkshire
Surrey
Lancashire
Worcestershire
P W L D Bat Bwl Pts
3 2 1 0 4 9 45
2 2 0 0 2 6 40
3 1 1 1 6 8 35
3 1 0 2 3 5 34
3 1 1 1 2 6 29
2 1 0 1 2 5 28
3 0 2 1 4 9 18
1 9 10
3 0 3 0
of the banned Cameron Bancroft is
already looking very useful.
Somerset?s seamers also deserve
huge credit, with Lewis Gregory,
Overton, Tim Groenewald and Davey
bowling with good discipline and no
little potency. With Jamie Overton, the
injured quickie, and Jack Leach, the ill
left-arm spinner, to return, it looks like
an attack that can cope with all
conditions. This match showed that
Somerset do not necessarily have to
rely on the spinning pitches at
?Ciderabad? that have brought success
in recent seasons.
Yorkshire?s day began poorly when
Cheteshwar Pujara fell to the first ball,
an away swinger from Gregory that he
edged behind. Adam Lyth nicked a
decent ball from Groenewald to first
slip and then Gary Ballance received a
beauty from Gregory, holding up on the
angle from around the wicket, which he
edged behind.
Matthew Waite chipped a return
catch to Overton as he attempted to
work to leg, while Andrew Hodd was
plumb leg-before to the same bowler.
Then came Abell?s crucial intervention, before Jack Brooks produced an
aggressive cameo of 21 from 16 balls,
which ended when he was brilliantly
caught and bowled, low down and
one-handed, by Groenewald.
All the while Leaning had played
exceptionally well. His driving on the
off side began a little tentatively but it
grew in confidence, as Leaning himself
did in making 68. If only others had
followed his lead.
77.4
Alastair Cook?s
average in 22 County
Championship matches
since the start of 2016,
the best of any
batsman
That?s just
not cricket:
Siddle bowls
in a beanie
W
hat would
Alec Bedser
have said?
Peter Siddle, the
former Australia fast
bowler and renowned
woodchopper, not
only wore a woolly
hat on the final day at
the Ageas Bowl ? but
actually bowled in it
(Ivo Tennant writes).
According to those
who had observed
him from breakfast
time, he put it on after
finishing his muesli.
And on his head it
stayed until the end of
Hampshire?s innings.
For the hardy souls
who sat outside in 5C,
his opening over was
quite a sight. Not only
did the hat stay on,
but he managed to
break Rilee
Rossouw?s bat.
Once this had been
replaced, Siddle
promptly dismissed
him caught at second
slip on account of a
leaden-footed waft.
No one, including
Hampshire?s
historian, could recall
a fast bowler running
in to bowl in a woolly
hat. Geoffrey Boycott
with his cap turned
back to front in the
World Cup final of
1979, yes, but that was
semi-conventional.
Siddle will stay with
Essex for two more
championship games
before returning
down under.
Alastair Cook then
came out to bat for
Essex in his first
innings of the season
and made 84 before
falling, caught behind,
to Chris Wood. Not
for him any concerns
about very cold
weather.
Having bowled poorly and batted
indifferently for much of their match
against Lancashire, Surrey located
some resolve at Old Trafford yesterday.
Their reward was a draw that was
achieved with six wickets down after
Tom Bailey had conjured late drama.
Surrey?s resilience was displayed by
Ben Foakes and Ollie Pope. The fifthwicket pair added 86 in 31 overs, Foakes
making a polished 57 before being
caught down the leg side in Bailey?s first
over with the second new ball. Two
overs later Pope was taken at slip by
Liam Livingstone for 41 to give Bailey
his eighth wicket in the match.
But Ryan Patel and Sam Curran
defended stoutly and the draw was
agreed with three balls left. The
morning began when Graham Onions
removed Amar Virdi but Mark Stoneman and Rory Burns ensured the
follow-on was not followed by further
embarrassments. The openers put on
53 runs by lunch but Stoneman and
Scott Borthwick fell to Bailey on the
resumption.
Burns and Dean Elgar defended
grimly, scoring 15 runs in 50 minutes
before the Surrey skipper was caught at
slip. Elgar followed when he edged
Jordan Clark to Dane Vilas, the
stand-in wicketkeeper. That dismissal
brought Pope and Foakes together and
Lancastrian spirits were deflated when
Vilas grassed an easy catch offered by
Pope off Onions when he had made 12.
At New Road, Jake Ball continued his
fine start to the season to power
Nottinghamshire to victory over
Worcestershire. The 27-year-old took
five for 59 to make it 21 wickets for the
season as his side won by an innings and
41 runs and inflicted a third successive
defeat on Joe Leach?s men.
Division Two table
Warwickshire
Derbyshire
Glamorgan
Gloucestershire
Middlesex
Sussex
Kent
Leicestershire
Northamptonshire
Durham
P W L D Bat Bwl Pts
2 1 0 1 5 6 32
2 1 0 1 4 6 31
2 1 0 1 3 6 30
1
7 29
3 1 1 1
1
7 29
3 1 1 1
3 0 0 3 7 7 29
2 1 1 0 0 6 22
2 0 0 2 7 4 21
3 0 2 1 0 5 10
2 0 1 1 0 3 8
Scoreboards
Specsavers County Championship
Division One
Hampshire v Essex
Ageas Bowl (final day of four): Match drawn.
Hampshire 11pts, Essex 9
Hampshire: First Innings (overnight 241-4)
R R Rossouw c Harmer b Siddle
10
L A Dawson not out
34
?L D McManus c Foster b S Cook
16
K J Abbott c and b S Cook
43
C P Wood not out
10
Extras (b 7, lb 9, w 1, nb 6)
23
Total (7 wkts dec, 108.4 overs)
351
B T J Wheal and F H Edwards did not bat.
Fall of wickets: 1-54, 2-134, 3-227, 4-241, 5-241,
6-272, 7-340.
Bowling: Porter 29-4-86-1; Cook 22-7-87-2;
Siddle 29-7-62-3; Bopara 9.4-2-37-0; Harmer
18-3-59-1; Lawrence 1-0-4-0.
Essex: First Innings
N L J Browne c Adams b Wheal
26
A N Cook c McManus b Wood
84
T Westley c Amla b Wheal
0
D W Lawrence lbw b Abbott
6
R S Bopara not out
84
*R N Ten Doeschate lbw b Edwards
24
?J S Foster b Dawson
46
S R Harmer not out
21
Extras (b 1, lb 8)
9
Total (6 wkts, 70.5 overs)
300
S Cook, P M Siddle and J A Porter to bat.
Fall of wickets: 1-54, 2-54, 3-61, 4-148, 5-175,
6-251.
Bowling: Abbott 17-3-42-1; Edwards 16-4-63-1;
Wood 17-1-72-1; Wheal 12.5-3-63-2; Dawson
8-0-51-1.
Umpires: P K Baldwin and N L Bainton.
Clark 12-3-29-1; Mennie 15-5-44-0; Livingstone
22.3-5-59-1; Croft 3-1-6-0.
Umpires: P J Hartley and R A Kettleborough.
Lancashire v Surrey
Taunton (final day of four): Somerset (20pts)
beat Yorkshire (3) by 118 runs
Somerset: First Innings 216 (M T Renshaw 112;
J A Brooks 5 for 57)
Second Innings 200 (T B Abell 82; B O Coad
4 for 61)
Yorkshire: First Innings 96
Second Innings
A Lyth c Hildreth b Groenewald
34
C A Pujara c Davies b Gregory
6
*G S Ballance c Davies b Gregory
19
J A Leaning c Renshaw b Overton
68
M J Waite c and b Overton
6
?A J Hodd lbw b Overton
1
T T Bresnan lbw b Abell
21
J A Brooks c and b Groenewald
21
B O Coad c Trescothick b Abell
2
K Carver not out
0
Extras (b 2, lb 7)
9
Total (86.1 overs)
202
Fall of wickets: 1-26, 2-49, 3-67, 4-81, 5-99,
6-103, 7-159, 8-188, 9-191.
Bowling:
Gregory
23-7-59-2;
Overton
21.1-7-43-3; Davey 7.5-4-12-1; Groenewald
19-5-51-2; Bess 9.1-5-13-0; Abell 6-2-15-2.
Umpires: A G Wharf and M Burns.
Old Trafford (final day of four): Match drawn.
Lancashire 12pts, Surrey 8
Lancashire: First Innings 439-9 dec (J Clark 78;
J M Mennie 68 not out; A Virdi 4 for 80)
Surrey: First Innings (overnight 231-9)
R Patel not out
4
A Virdi c Vilas b Onions
4
Extras (b 8, lb 6, nb 4)
18
Total (89.4 overs)
235
Fall of wickets: 1-2, 2-100, 3-131, 4-171, 5-202,
6-217, 7-218, 8-228, 9-231.
Bowling: Bailey 22-5-54-4; Onions 19.4-6-49-4;
Livingstone 18-4-36-1; Mennie 16-2-47-0;
Clark 12-4-32-1; Croft 2-0-3-0.
Second Innings (following on)
*R J Burns c Jennings b Livingstone
33
M D Stoneman c Vilas b Bailey
29
S G Borthwick b Bailey
0
D Elgar c Vilas b Clark
14
?B T Foakes c Vilas b Bailey
57
O J D Pope c Livingstone b Bailey
41
S M Curran not out
9
R Patel not out
9
Extras (lb 7)
7
Total (6 wkts, 90.3 overs)
199
Fall of wickets: 1-53, 2-53, 3-68, 4-90, 5-176,
6-177.
Bowling: Bailey 19-12-13-4; Onions 19-6-41-0;
Somerset v Yorkshire
Worcestershire v Nottinghamshire
Worcester (final day of four): Nottinghamshire
(22pts) beat Worcestershire (3) by an innings
and 41 runs
Worcestershire: First Innings 110 (L J Fletcher
5 for 27)
Second Innings
D K H Mitchell b Ball
3
B L D?Oliveira c Taylor b Ball
0
T C Fell b Gurney
37
J M Clarke c Moores b Broad
4
T M Head lbw b Ball
29
G H Rhodes c Moores b Fletcher
8
?O B Cox c Libby b Fletcher
11
E G Barnard c Moores b Ball
12
*J Leach c Moores b Ball
6
J C Tongue b Gurney
21
C A J Morris not out
9
Extras (b 5, lb 4)
9
Total (38.2 overs)
149
Fall of wickets: 1-1, 2-12, 3-17, 4-62, 5-75, 6-89,
7-101, 8-118, 9-125.
Bowling: Ball 13-2-59-5; Broad 6-2-17-1;
Fletcher 9-2-28-2; Gurney 10.2-2-36-2.
Notts: First Innings (overnight 204-6)
?T J Moores c Cox b Tongue
43
S C J Broad c Cox b Head
38
L J Fletcher not out
27
J T Ball lbw b Tongue
0
H F Gurney not out
1
Extras (lb 16, w 4, nb 10)
30
Total (9 wkts dec, 70.5 overs)
300
Fall of wickets: 1-33, 2-44, 3-122, 4-126, 5-138,
6-193, 7-252, 8-287, 9-288.
Bowling: Leach 21-7-73-3; Barnard 14-0-62-1;
Morris 12-2-38-0; Tongue 19.5-1-81-4; Head
4-0-30-1.
Umpires: R K Illingworth and D J Millns.
Division Two
Leicestershire v Derbyshire
Leicester (final day of four): Match drawn.
Leicestershire 11pts, Derbyshire 10
Leicestershire: First Innings (overnight 267-5)
?E J H Eckersley c sub b Rampaul
54
N J Dexter b Olivier
47
B A Raine run out
47
D Klein not out
19
G T Griffiths lbw b Davis
0
V R Aaron lbw b Viljoen
1
Extras (b 4, lb 5, nb 14)
23
Total (96 overs)
381
Fall of wickets: 1-94, 2-157, 3-179, 4-210, 5-219,
6-301, 7-336, 8-366, 9-374.
Bowling: Rampaul 20-3-82-1; Viljoen 11-2-35-1;
Davis 11-3-39-2; Olivier 20-1-94-1; Reece
16-2-64-3; Critchley 18-1-58-1.
Derbyshire: First Innings
B T Slater c Eckersley b Raine
27
L M Reece lbw b Raine
0
W L Madsen lbw b Aaron
0
A L Hughes b Dexter
42
*B A Godleman lbw b Griffiths
7
?G C Wilson not out
64
M J J Critchley c Raine b Griffiths
38
G C Viljoen c Raine b Ackermann
43
W S Davis c and b Ackermann
6
R Rampaul not out
3
Extras (lb 11nb 10)
21
Total (8 wkts, 68 overs)
251
D Olivier to bat.
Fall of wickets: 1-8, 2-9, 3-43, 4-54, 5-104,
6-164, 7-224, 8-242.
Bowling: Aaron 17-5-54-1; Raine 16-1-65-2;
Griffiths 11-3-29-2; Klein 9-1-36-0; Ackermann
6-0-36-2; Dexter 9-1-20-1.
Umpires: M A Gough and J H Evans.
Middlesex v Glamorgan
Lord?s (final day of four, no play due to rain):
Match drawn. Middlesex 6pts, Glamorgan 8
Middlesex: First Innings 194 (S S Eskinazi 94;
M G Hogan 5 for 49; T van der Gugten 4 for 63)
Glamorgan: First Innings 38 (T J Murtagh 4 for 12)
Umpires: I J Gould and R J Bailey.
Northamptonshire v Durham
Northampton (final day of four, no play due to
rain): Match abandoned without a ball bowled.
Northampton 5pts, Durham 5
Sussex v Gloucestershire
Hove (final day of four, no play due to rain):
Match drawn. Sussex 8pts, Gloucestershire 8
Sussex: First Innings 145 (P D Salt 63; R F
Higgins 5 for 21)
Second Innings 204 (D J Worrall 4 for 45)
Gloucestershire: First Innings 183 (D Wiese 5
for 48; O E Robinson 4 for 67)
Second Innings 108-6 (S van Zyl 3 for 16)
Umpires: M J Saggers and R J Warren.
Tour match: Canterbury: Third day of four, no
play due to rain. Pakistanis 168; Kent 39-1.
the times | Tuesday May 1 2018
55
1G M
Racing Sport
Nottingham
Brighton
Kempton Park
Newcastle
Yarmouth
Rob Wright
Rob Wright
Rob Wright
Rob Wright
Rob Wright
2.00 Delft Dancer
4.05 Iconic Code
2.30 Cacophonous
4.35 Thistimenextyear
3.00 Cosmopolitan Queen 5.05 Angel Force
3.35 Red Tea
Thunderer: 3.00 Tig Tog. 3.35 Red Tea (nap).
Going: soft Draw: no advantage Racing UK
2.20 Nayslayer
4.25 False Id
2.50 Font Vert
4.55 Black Caesar
3.25 Rose Berry
5.25 Ashazuri
3.55 Precious Ramotswe
Going: good to soft (good in places)
Draw: no advantage
At The Races
5.45 Its The Only Way 7.45 Gavlar
6.15 On The Stage
8.15 Cwynar
6.45 Freddy With A Y 8.45 Settle Petal
7.15 Chessman
Going: standard Draw: 5f-1m, low best Racing UK
5.20 Portledge
7.25 Testa Rossa
5.55 Gowanbuster (nap) 7.55 Betty Grable
6.25 Walk On Walter
8.25 Who Told Jo Jo
6.55 Hediddodinthe
Going: standard
At The Races
Draw: no advantage
2.10 Artair
4.15 Emily Goldfinch
2.40 Blame Culture
4.45 Rosedale Topping
3.15 Raven Banner (nb) 5.15 Olive Mabel
3.45 London
5.50 Dor?s Law
Going: good to soft (good in places;
soft in the back straight)
Draw: no advantage
At The Races
2.00
Fillies' Novice Stakes
2.20
(2-Y-O: �528: 5f 8y) (5)
4 CHITRA 19 D Kubler 9-0
G Downing
1 (1)
3 DELFT DANCER 10 M Johnston 9-0
J Crowley
2 (2)
RED HANDED M Channon 9-0
J Egan
3 (4)
SKEETAH J J Quinn 9-0
J Hart
4 (3)
SPELL
R
Hannon
9-0
S
Levey
5 (5)
6-4 Delft Dancer, 5-2 Spell, 5-1 Chitra, Skeetah, 8-1 Red Handed.
Rob Wright?s choice: Delft Dancer needed the experience
when third over course and distance
Danger: Spell
2.30
Novice Stakes
(3-Y-O: �528: 1m 75y) (8)
S Levey
1 (6) 41- MUSHTAQ 145 R Hannon 9-9
CACOPHONOUS D Menuisier 9-2
J Crowley
2 (3)
0 COHEN 7 (T) W Haggas 9-2
Georgia Cox (3)
3 (4)
ELEDEED Sir M Stoute 9-2
R Kingscote
4 (7)
0 GIOVANNI 14 P Chapple-Hyam 9-2
J Mitchell
5 (5)
M C MULDOON P Chapple-Hyam 9-2
D Allan
6 (8)
0 OLYMPIC ODYSSEY 10 (H) G Scott 9-2
E Greatrex
7 (2)
00 POSSIBLY SO 28 D Elsworth 9-2
A Jones (3)
8 (1)
Evens Mushtaq, 4-1 Giovanni, 6-1 Cacophonous, 7-1 Eledeed, 14-1 others.
Wright choice: Cacophonous, a well-bred son of Cacique,
can make a winning start Dangers: Mushtaq, Giovanni
3.00
Handicap (3-Y-O: �528: 1m 75y) (8)
S Levey
1 (6) 033-3 TIG TOG 27 R Hannon 9-8
J Egan
2 (2) -1020 FELISA 66 (D) P D Evans 9-7
3 (7) 5240- COSMOPOLITAN QUEEN 213 D Elsworth 9-7 J Crowley
4 (1) 020-2 LAST ENCHANTMENT 27 (BF) E Houghton 9-4 E Greatrex
C Lee (3)
5 (5) 405- CHANTRESSE 192 K Burke 9-0
D Allan
6 (3) 140-2 LADY ALAVESA 15 Miss G Kelleway 8-13
G Lee
7 (8) 11322 ELIXSOFT 12 R G Fell 8-12
K O'Neill
8 (4) 00-40 SUPERSYMMETRY 27 D Loughnane 8-10
3-1 Last Enchantment, 9-2 Lady Alavesa, 5-1 Cosmopolitan Queen, 6-1 others.
Wright choice: Cosmopolitan Queen drops in class after a
poor run at Newmarket Dangers: Tig Tog, Last Enchantment
3.35
Fillies' Handicap (�,173: 1m 75y) (7)
Finley Marsh (5)
1 (2) 030-2 RED TEA 14 (D) P Hiatt 5-9-8
J Crowley
2 (5) 346-0 SEDUCE ME 38 (P,D) K Burke 4-9-7
J Egan
3 (1) 16420 PATTIE 32 (D) M Channon 4-9-2
4 (3) 11-42 MAMA AFRICA 27 (D) T D Barron 4-8-11 Jane Elliott (5)
J Mitchell
5 (6) 100-6 KYLLACHYS TALE 27 (D) R Teal 4-8-10
R Kingscote
6 (7) 2-330 FEATHERY 37 (T,BF) C Fellowes 4-8-9
7 (4) 500-0 PRYING PANDORA 10 (P,D) R Fahey 5-8-5 P P Mathers
3-1 Red Tea, 7-2 Prying Pandora, 4-1 Mama Africa, 5-1 others.
Wright choice: Red Tea was beaten just a short head in a
19-runner handicap at Newmarket Danger: Seduce Me
4.05
Fillies' Handicap
(3-Y-O: �528: 1m 2f 50y) (11)
1 (2) 3100- AMAZING MICHELE 186 R Fahey 9-7 Connor Murtagh (5)
K O'Neill
2 (4) 0-451 RENNY'S LADY 64 P D Evans 9-4
3 (6) 00-26 DREAM MALFUNCTION 34 (P) J Tuite 9-4 E Greatrex
G Lee
4 (10) 4461- ICONIC CODE 190 K Dalgleish 9-3
J Egan
5 (9) 646-4 ANN WITHOUT AN E 20 (H) M Channon 9-3
J Crowley
6 (7) 440-0 CALLING RIO 17 (P) D Loughnane 9-1
C Lee (3)
7 (3) 36-02 DOUBLE REFLECTION 8 K Burke 9-0
S Levey
8 (8) 06-61 APACHE BLAZE 10 (CD) R Brisland 9-0
R Hornby
9 (11) 00-3 MAID UP 12 A Balding 8-13
D Allan
10 (5) 405-4 HYANNA 12 T Easterby 8-11
R Tate
11 (1) 065- POINT IN TIME 153 M Usher 8-11
7-2 Maid Up, 4-1 Double Reflection, 5-1 Apache Blaze, 7-1 I others.
Wright choice: Iconic Code stayed on well to win over a
mile at Pontefract
Dangers: Maid Up, Apache Blaze
4.35
2.50
Handicap (3-Y-O: �752: 1m 3f 198y) (7)
Jason Watson (5)
1 (1) 065- DIOCLETIAN 188 A Balding 9-10
C Shepherd
2 (4) 06-3 ROCKY SHORES 46 M Channon 9-7
F Norton
3 (3) 4336- MAIL ORDER M Johnston 9-5
L Morris
4 (7) 323-4 SASSIE 18 S Kirk 9-4
L Steward
5 (2) 4-013 FONT VERT 34 (V) R Beckett 9-3
6 (5) 00-0 STRONGARM CHASER 10 R Hannon 8-13 T Marquand
M Godwin (3)
7 (6) 0001- GALLOPING HOGAN 196 S Kirk 8-11
3-1 Diocletian, Mail Order, 4-1 Galloping Hogan, 11-2 Font Vert, 8-1 others.
3.25
Handicap (�531: 5f 60y) (5)
L Edmunds (3)
1 (5) -0230 ROSE BERRY 32 (H,D) C Dwyer 4-9-7
C Bishop
2 (3) 06-05 SUPER JULIUS 14 (CD) E Houghton 4-9-5
D C Costello
3 (2) 20000 NAUTICAL HAVEN 8 S Best 4-9-5
L Morris
4 (4) 25-10 LIBERATUM 12 (D) Mrs R Carr 4-9-1
F Norton
5 (1) 620-2 MR POCKET 108 R Cowell 4-8-9
2-1 Mr Pocket, 3-1 Liberatum, Super Julius, 4-1 Rose Berry, 12-1 Nautical Haven.
3.55
Handicap (�767: 1m 1f 207y) (7)
1 (7) 2054- CANBERRA CLIFFS 121 (D) G L Moore 4-9-7
Jason Watson (5)
R Havlin
2 (2) 1/10- PRECIOUS RAMOTSWE (D) J Gosden 4-9-6
3 (5) 4240- WHITE CHOCOLATE 206 (D) D Simcock 4-9-3 H Bentley
D C Costello
4 (3) 2314- DECCAN QUEEN (BF) J Osborne 4-8-13
5 (4) 0540- FLYING NORTH 223 (D) R Hannon 4-8-11 T Marquand
L Morris
6 (6) 42424 CHAMPAGNE PINK 26 (D,BF) K Burke 4-8-9
C Shepherd
7 (1) 3210- CARAVELA 213 (BF) M Channon 4-8-7
2-1 Precious Ramotswe, 5-1 Caravela, 11-2 Canberra Cliffs, 6-1 others.
4.25
Handicap (�105: 7f 211y) (14)
K Fox
(4) 0-050 ROBERT THE PAINTER 7 (B,D) D Steele 10-9-7
C Bishop
(1) 30210 TARSEEKH 27 (V,D) C Gordon 5-9-6
(10) 505-3 WITH APPROVAL 20 (P,CD) Mrs L Mongan 6-9-6 L Morris
(6) -4023 BLOODSWEATANDTEARS 27 (CD) W Knight 10-9-6
Jason Watson (5)
M Godwin (3)
5 (7) 10-00 KAABER 22 M Blake 7-9-5
6 (12) 0-500 RIGHTWAY 40 (D) A Carroll 7-9-5 Poppy Bridgwater (7)
7 (13) 06425 RATTLE ON 20 (P,D,BF) J Boyle 5-9-4 Paddy Bradley (5)
D Probert
8 (3) 10001 SIR JAMIE 20 (B,D) A Carroll 5-9-3
D Keenan (7)
9 (11) 0-054 FALSE ID 20 (T,C) J Farrelly 5-8-12
10(14) 003-4 MASTER OF HEAVEN 20 (P,C) J Boyle 5-8-12 C Bennett (3)
H Crouch
11 (8) 36P55 ST JAMES'S PARK 20 Ralph J Smith 5-8-12
12 (5) /300- LADY GWHINNYVERE 225 J Spearing 4-8-12 C Noble (5)
R Havlin
13 (2) 0-600 KWIKSTEP 83 (B) A Brown 4-8-12
C Shepherd
14 (9) 00/0- SPICE BOAT 5J P Butler 6-8-12
7-2 Bloodsweatandtears, With Approval, 5-1 False Id, 6-1 others.
1
2
3
4
4.55
Handicap (�752: 6f 210y) (8)
1 (7) 0-005 BLACK CAESAR 7 (CD) P Hide 7-9-9 Jason Watson (5)
C Shepherd
2 (8) 4-644 ZLATAN 15 (P) E De Giles 5-9-9
3 (4) 100-0 GOOD LUCK CHARM 15 (P,CD) G L Moore 9-9-7 H Crouch
4 (1) 0-500 BRIYOUNI 41 (D) R Beckett 5-9-5 Emma Wilkinson (7)
5 (3) 105-2 BOUNTY PURSUIT 20 (D) M Blake 6-9-4 M Godwin (3)
M Dwyer
6 (5) 300-0 TAI SING YEH 10 (T,D) C Hills 4-9-3
R Havlin
7 (2) 0232- BALGAIR 181 (D,BF) T Clover 4-9-3
8 (6) 4600- DUKE OF NORTH 190 (C,D) J Boyle 6-8-8 Isobel Francis (7)
7-2 Good Luck Charm, 5-1 Black Caesar, Bounty Pursuit, 6-1 others.
5.25
Apprentice Handicap
(�105: 1m 1f 207y) (11)
Wright choice: Thistimenextyear has been running well
over hurdles and remains unexposed Danger: Slunovrat
5.05
JAMES WATT Michael Bell 9-2
Hayley Turner
1 (1)
KAPONO A Murphy 9-2
L Souza
2 (5)
NAYSLAYER S Kirk 9-2
L Morris
3 (4)
WEDDING DATE R Hannon 8-11
T Marquand
4 (2)
SPIRIT OF SOCIETY A Murphy 8-6
Hollie Doyle
5 (3)
6-4 Wedding Date, 9-4 James Watt, 6-1 Spirit Of Society, 7-1 others.
Handicap (�763: 1m 6f) (5)
J Crowley
1 (2) /260- SLUNOVRAT 199 (CD) D Menuisier 7-9-7
G Lee
2 (5) 5556/ ROMAN FLIGHT 507J D Dennis 10-8-13
3 (3) 0140- THISTIMENEXTYEAR 9J (H) Richard Spencer 4-8-13
S Levey
D Allan
4 (1) 40-65 MULTELLIE 68 T Easterby 6-8-9
5 (4) 6450- ZENAFIRE 187J (P,D) S Hollinshead 9-8-5 P P Mathers
7-4 Thistimenextyear, 9-4 Slunovrat, 4-1 Zenafire, 7-1 Multellie, Roman Flight.
Handicap (3-Y-O: �469: 5f 8y) (8)
2-450 ROCKIES SPIRIT 12 D Quinn 9-9
J Egan
4106- DAHIK 222 (D) M W Easterby 9-8
G Lee
02-13 DOTTED SWISS 18 (D,BF) R Hannon 9-8
S Levey
13-30 LITTLE BOY BLUE 10 (D) W G M Turner 9-7
Finley Marsh (5)
D Allan
5 (1) 550-0 ANGEL FORCE 10 (H,D) D Griffiths 9-7
K O'Neill
6 (8) 23111 SAMOVAR 10 (B,CD) S Dixon 9-4
7 (7) 00-20 THE GOLDEN CUE 6 (D,BF) S Hollinshead 8-10
Toby Eley (7)
P P Mathers
8 (6) 1102- FLO'S MELODY 223 B Leavy 8-3
5-2 Samovar, 3-1 Dotted Swiss, 5-1 The Golden Cue, 13-2 others.
1
2
3
4
Novice Stakes (2-Y-O: �752: 5f 60y) (5)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
Wright choice: Angel Force should strip fitter for her
return at Thirsk Dangers: Little Boy Blue, Dotted Swiss
Blinkered first time: Kempton Park 6.45 Summer Thunder.
8.15 Verstappen. 8.45 Cross Swords. Newcastle 8.25
Digital Revolution. Yarmouth 5.15 Ahfad, Spring Praise.
1 (8) -2612 ZEPHYROS 17 (D) D Bridgwater 7-9-9 Poppy Bridgwater (7)
H Burns (5)
2 (10) 05/04 OFFICER DRIVEL 17 (H) S Best 7-9-8
Rossa Ryan (3)
3 (6) 0311- SUSSEX GIRL 189 (CD) J Berry 4-9-7
Jason Watson (5)
4 (5) 020-3 ARCHIMENTO 13 (P) P Hide 5-9-7
Joshua Bryan (3)
5 (3) 304-0 ASHAZURI 20 (H) J Portman 4-9-5
6 (1) 26346 ICONIC BELLE 8 M Channon 4-9-5 Lenka Helmecka (7)
P Pilley
7 (2) 322-0 JUNOESQUE 25 (P) J Gallagher 4-9-0
G Mahon (3)
8 (9) 40/00 AUSTIN FRIARS 13 (T,D) S Best 6-9-0
9 (11) 605-0 IT'S HOW WE ROLL 22 (B) J Spearing 4-8-11 C Noble (3)
10 (7) 36114 STRINGYBARK CREEK 33 (D,BF) J Farrelly 4-8-10
D Keenan (5)
11 (4) 0055- MULSANNE CHASE 194 H Morrison 4-8-10 C Bennett
4-1 Stringybark Creek, Sussex Girl, 6-1 Archimento, Iconic Belle, 8-1 others.
5.45
6.15
Brighton: Trainer J Berry, 8 from 23 runners, 34.8%.
Jockey Joshua Bryan, 4 from 12 rides, 33.3%.
Kempton Park: Trainer A Watson, 15 from 48,
31.2%. Jockey James Doyle, 66 from 274, 24.1%.
Newcastle: Trainer T Tate, 9 from 27, 33.3%.
Jockey D Muscutt, 6 from 26, 23.1%.
Nottingham: Trainer G Scott, 3 from 11, 27.3%.
Jockey J Crowley, 19 from 66, 28.8%.
Yarmouth: Trainer J Gosden, 15 from 50, 30.0%.
Jockey L Dettori, 14 from 29, 48.3%.
Novice Stakes (2-Y-O: �881: 5f) (10)
5 CHYNNA 13 M Channon 9-0
C Bishop
1 (10)
DELAGATE THE LADY M Attwater 9-0
K Fox
2 (9)
FREE LOVE T Clover 9-0
Josephine Gordon
3 (8)
IMPROVISING R Hughes 9-0
S W Kelly
4 (7)
4 KODINAR 12 W Haggas 9-0
James Doyle
5 (3)
LAURA KENNY H Dunlop 9-0
T Marquand
6 (2)
MY EXCELSA G Scott 9-0
Fran Berry
7 (4)
NANANITA D M Loughnane 9-0
L Morris
8 (6)
ON THE STAGE E Walker 9-0
L Keniry
9 (1)
60 THEGREYVTRAIN 8 R Harris 9-0
J Fahy
10 (5)
9-4 Chynna, 3-1 Kodinar, My Excelsa, 12-1 Free Love, Improvising, 16-1 others.
6.45
Handicap (�105: 7f) (14)
T Clark (3)
(2) -0140 VIOLA PARK 20 (P,D) R Harris 4-10-0
(5) -4454 MASQUERADE BLING 27 (D) N Mulholland 4-9-13 A Kirby
(10) 502-3 FORTUNE AND GLORY 111 (BF) J Tuite 5-9-13O Murphy
J Uys (7)
(8) 600-0 ARCTIC FLOWER 13 (D) J Bridger 5-9-12
K Fox
(9) 5-603 FREDDY WITH A Y 25 (CD) J Jenkins 8-9-11
(3) 64005 LIGHT FROM MARS 29 (P,CD) R Harris 13-9-11D Probert
(4) 00650 DEAR BRUIN 18 (P,D) D Drinkwater 6-9-9 W A Carson
J Haynes
(14) 0030- HAABIS 349 P Chamings 5-9-4
(1) 04630 PRINCESS WAY 49 (V,D) K George 4-9-4
Rhiain Ingram (5)
C Bishop
10(13) 5600- DELAHAY 140 M Blanshard 4-9-1
L Morris
11(11) 0-233 SUMMER THUNDER 89 (B) P Cole 3-9-1
50-00
NOREENA
67
P
D'Arcy
4-9-0
S
W Kelly
12 (6)
J Quinn
13(12) 0003- PEGGIE SUE 181 A West 3-8-13
14 (7) 6-546 FREE TALKIN 20 M Attwater 3-8-5 Josephine Gordon
11-4 Fortune And Glory, 4-1 Masquerade Bling, 9-2 others.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
7.15
Conditions Stakes (�338: 7f) (5)
James Doyle
1 (3) 3124- JALLOTA 178 (D) C Hills 7-9-9
O Murphy
2 (5) 0005- AROD D Simcock 7-9-2
E Greatrex
3 (2) /220- CHESSMAN 314 (T,CD) A Watson 4-9-2
C Shepherd
4 (1) 20/ MAGILLEN 682 C Hills 4-9-2
D Probert
5 (4) 3040- POET'S VANITY 255 (D) A Balding 4-8-11
6-4 Jallota, 13-8 Arod, 3-1 Poet's Vanity, 20-1 Chessman, 33-1 Magillen.
7.45
Handicap (�338: 1m 7f 218y) (12)
W Cox (5)
1 (3) 5-230 HAINES 32 (P,CD) A Balding 7-9-10
L Steward
2 (9) 020-0 GRACELAND 31 (D) Michael Bell 6-9-7
James Doyle
3 (4) 24-36 AMAZING RED 32 E Dunlop 5-9-6
O Murphy
4 (10) 5-155 REGICIDE 20 J Fanshawe 5-9-5
5 (8) 36-06 JACOB CATS 20 (P,C) W Knight 9-9-3 Jason Watson (5)
6 (6) 153-1 CHOCOLATE BOX 47 (P,D) D M Loughnane 4-9-1 L Morris
C Shepherd
7 (2) 35-34 GAVLAR 13 (CD) W Knight 7-9-0
8 (12) 3510- ARTY CAMPBELL 165J (CD) B Llewellyn 8-9-0 D Probert
L Edmunds (3)
9 (1) 155-0 ZAKATAL 17 (D) R Whitaker 12-8-12
Fran Berry
10(11) 5356- KING CALYPSO 181 (CD) D Coakley 7-8-10
H Bentley
11 (7) 3510- STEAMING 147 R Beckett 4-8-7
F Norton
12 (5) 12346 MAMBO DANCER 35 (D) M Johnston 4-8-6
7-2 Chocolate Box, 5-1 Haines, 6-1 Graceland, 7-1 King Calypso, 8-1 others.
8.15
Handicap (3-Y-O: �752: 1m) (11)
S W Kelly
1 (8) 0420- CWYNAR 165 R Hughes 9-9
T Marquand
2 (3) 4023- BALLETOMANE 189 (BF) R Hannon 9-9
3 (1) 23233 SWEET SYMPHONY 27 (H,BF) M Botti 9-8 G Malune (5)
A Kirby
4 (7) 4-520 VERSTAPPEN 17 (B) M Botti 9-8
5 (5) 44324 DOLLY MIXTURE 46 John Best 9-7 Dayverson De Barros
6 (4) 065- BREXITMEANSBREXIT 175 R Hannon 9-7 Hollie Doyle
7 (11) 0255- ZABALETASWANSONG 122 (P) R Hannon 9-6 P Dobbs
J Quinn
8 (2) 1-450 COULDN'T COULD SHE 15 (D) A West 9-5
O Murphy
9 (6) 40-36 EL BORRACHO 87 (H,D) S Dow 9-4
0003ARIGATO
175
W
Jarvis
8-12
Josephine
Gordon
10(10)
C Bishop
11 (9) 3050- LADY OF PETRA 208 E Houghton 8-11
3-1 Sweet Symphony, 4-1 Balletomane, 11-2 Dolly Mixture, 13-2 others.
8.45
Course specialists
Novice Stakes (2-Y-O: �881: 5f) (10)
1 ITS THE ONLY WAY 7 R Hannon 9-7
T Marquand
1 (3)
SWAN STREET A Balding 9-2
O Murphy
2 (10)
KYAT KHAN H Dunlop 9-1
Hollie Doyle
3 (4)
EYE OF THE WATER R Harris 8-13
J Fahy
4 (7)
0 WOLF HUNTER 32 R Hughes 8-13
P Dobbs
5 (6)
0 WOLSTONBURY 11 S Kirk 8-13
L Keniry
6 (5)
BRELADES BAY Michael Bell 8-11
K Shoemark
7 (2)
DOLLY DUPREE P D'Arcy 8-10
W A Carson
8 (8)
RAJY T Clover 8-10
Josephine Gordon
9 (9)
UM SHAMA R Hughes 8-8
S W Kelly
10 (1)
7-4 Its The Only Way, 5-1 Brelades Bay, 11-2 Swan Street, 6-1 others.
Handicap (�105: 1m) (14)
W A Carson
1 (11) 004- DELICATE KISS 139 J Bridger 4-10-0
C Bishop
2 (6) 05424 CHETAN 18 (T,CD,BF) C Wallis 6-10-0
3 (7) 00-00 TEE IT UP TOMMO 24 (T,CD) D Steele 9-10-0 W Cox (5)
4 (2) 6-521 SETTLE PETAL 20 (CD) P Phelan 4-9-12 Paddy Bradley (5)
5 (9) 06000 MALT TEASER 13 John Best 4-9-10 Dayverson De Barros
A Kirby
6 (4) 0-005 CONNEMERA QUEEN 20 (P) J Butler 5-9-9
H Crouch
7 (10) 0-004 ALMANACK 52 (P,C) M Pattinson 8-9-2
L Morris
8 (3) 6445 CROSS SWORDS 25 (B) J Tate 3-9-1
J Fisher (7)
9 (13) 20020 LIVING LEADER 45 (CD) G Harris 9-9-1
K Shoemark
10 (8) 00-4 DESERT TRIP 25 D Menuisier 3-9-1
11(14) -0150 DUKES MEADOW 52 (D) R Ingram 7-9-0 Rhiain Ingram (5)
J Quinn
12(12) -0300 VODKA PIGEON 38 A West 3-8-11
C Shepherd
13 (5) 03235 DARK FREEDOM 49 (V) C Hills 3-8-11
Hollie Doyle
14 (1) 6-606 LITTLE AUB 25 M Usher 3-8-1
7-2 Settle Petal, 5-1 Chetan, 6-1 Dark Freedom, 15-2 others.
5.20
Handicap (�531: 7f 14y) (10)
1 (3) 1050- MON BEAU VISAGE 200 (W,CD) D O'Meara 5-9-9
D Tudhope
2 (9) 0/21- FAST LANDING 455 (P,D) S bin Suroor 4-9-7 P Cosgrave
6100ETIKAAL
241
(W,D)
G
Tuer
4-9-5
P Makin
3 (4)
4 (6) 314-3 IMPERIAL STATE 31 (T) M W Easterby 5-9-3 N Evans
T Hamilton
5 (1) 56633 FLORENCIO 13 (P,D) R G Fell 5-9-2
B A Curtis
6 (8) 60435 FAST TRACK 26 T D Barron 7-9-1
J Sullivan
7 (7) 000-1 CHAPLIN BAY 32 (CD) Mrs R Carr 6-9-1
Kevin Stott
8 (10) 4013- PORTLEDGE 176 (B,CD) J Bethell 4-8-12
Paula Muir (7)
9 (2) 30-00 AMOOD 3 (CD) S West 7-8-11
10 (5) /06-0 EASTERN RACER 12 (P) B Ellison 6-8-10 B Robinson (5)
7-4 Fast Landing, 5-1 Imperial State, 6-1 Chaplin Bay, 8-1 others.
5.55
Handicap (3-Y-O: �752: 6f) (9)
H Shaw (5)
1 (7) -2121 SNAFFLED 74 (CD) D Brown 9-9
J Fanning
2 (8) 16-30 KNOCKOUT BLOW 32 M Johnston 9-7
51-3
GOWANBUSTER
32
(T,CD)
S
Corbett
9-7
P
Mulrennan
3 (3)
P Hanagan
4 (9) 213-0 GANGLAND 11 (D) R Fahey 9-6
D Muscutt
5 (4) 06-51 CHARLES FOX 95 J Fanshawe 9-3
T Eaves
6 (5) 334 CITRON MAJOR 54 N Tinkler 9-2
Kevin Stott
7 (1) 200-6 HAVANA STAR 12 (BF) K A Ryan 9-2
B A Curtis
8 (6) 300-0 TEMBER 12 T D Barron 8-10
B Robinson (5)
9 (2) 340-5 MOONLIT SANDS 12 B Ellison 8-9
3-1 Charles Fox, 7-2 Gowanbuster, Snaffled, 10-1 Citron Major, Knockout
Blow, Tember, 12-1 Gangland, Havana Star, 16-1 Moonlit Sands.
6.25
Novice Median Auction Stakes
(�752: 6f) (10)
J Hart
1 (1) 345-3 BUSTAM 35 J J Quinn 3-9-2
FIRST BREATH B Haslam 3-9-2
P Mulrennan
2 (7)
Kevin Stott
3 (9) 230-5 HARROGATE 32 J Bethell 3-9-2
40 HE'S ONE OF R OWN 5 J Tuite 3-9-2
P Cosgrave
4 (6)
00 MARDY GRAS 12 Mrs R Carr 3-9-2
J Sullivan
5 (2)
J Garritty
6 (3) 5534- SAISONS D'OR 193 Jedd O'Keeffe 3-9-2
UNIQUE COMPANY D Thompson 3-9-2
A Mullen
7 (10)
T Eaves
8 (5) 644-2 WALK ON WALTER 35 (H) D Simcock 3-9-2
D Tudhope
9 (4) 2244- WEELLAN 193 D O'Meara 3-9-2
Sam James
10 (8) 30- MORETTI 164 (H) D O'Meara 3-8-11
7-4 Walk On Walter, 5-1 Weellan, 6-1 Bustam, Harrogate, Saisons D'Or, 8-1
Moretti, 20-1 He's One Of R Own, 25-1 First Breath, 50-1 others.
6.55
Handicap (�752: 2m 56y) (8)
B Robinson (5)
1 (7) /53-1 BAL DE RIO 35 (CD) B Ellison 5-9-13
Phil Dennis (3)
2 (8) 1103- CHEBSEY BEAU 197 J J Quinn 8-9-8
3 (2) 1-620 CAGED LIGHTNING 68 (P,D) S Gollings 8-9-8 T Hamilton
Kevin Stott
4 (1) 2665- CRAY 257 J Bethell 4-9-7
5 (6) 0-221 HEDIDDODINTHE 12 (P,CD) I Jardine 4-9-7J Gormley (5)
6 (4) /242- ITALIAN RIVIERA 244 (H,D) K Slack 9-9-6 P Mulrennan
A Mullen
7 (5) 50434 PANTOMIME 12 R Menzies 6-8-5
J Sullivan
8 (3) 0-601 ARCHIBELLE 82 (CD) R Mike Smith 4-8-4
5-2 Hediddodinthe, 3-1 Bal De Rio, 6-1 Archibelle, Cray, 8-1 Chebsey Beau,
Italian Riviera, 10-1 Caged Lightning, 33-1 Pantomime.
7.25
Handicap (�531: 1m 2f 42y) (6)
1 (5) 0/00- WEST COAST FLYER 159 (C) D Simcock 5-9-9 P Cosgrave
2 (1) 5-130 TESTA ROSSA 31 (V,C,D) J Goldie 8-9-7 Phil Dennis (3)
D Muscutt
3 (4) 0-123 TOM'S ROCK 26 (D,BF) J Butler 5-9-6
D Tudhope
4 (2) 0500- DALSHAND 182 D O'Meara 5-9-3
P Hanagan
5 (6) 641 SHANGHAI SILVER 26 (D) C Hills 4-9-2
N Evans
6 (3) 236-0 JAMACHO 35 B Ellison 4-8-7
5-4 Shanghai Silver, 3-1 Tom's Rock, 5-1 West Coast Flyer, 6-1 others.
7.55
Handicap (�170: 1m 2f 42y) (12)
(10) 00464 ARCHIPELIGO 49 (P,CD) I Jardine 7-9-9 J Gormley (5)
(5) -6400 ROCKWOOD 49 (V,D) Karen McLintock 7-9-8 D Tudhope
(8) 1602- EXCLUSIVE WATERS 159 (CD) N Tinkler 8-9-7 T Eaves
J Sullivan
(6) -5400 ABUSHAMAH 10 Mrs R Carr 7-9-6
(7) 654-5 PICKETT'S CHARGE 10 (C) B Ellison 5-9-4 B Robinson (5)
(1) 411-4 CHAMPAGNE RULES 34 (C,D) Mrs S Watt 7-9-3
Connor Murtagh (5)
K Schofield (7)
7 (9) 310-0 TRAVELTALK 27 (D) B Ellison 4-9-1
Cal Rodriguez (3)
8 (2) 00-03 KIWI BAY 35 (C,D) M Dods 13-9-0
A Mullen
9 (12) -5345 LEODIS 35 T Tate 6-8-10
N Evans
10 (4) 6060- BETTY GRABLE 172 W Storey 4-8-9
11(11) 0064/ SPLASH OF VERVE 650 (D) D Thompson 6-8-7 P Hanagan
Paula Muir (7)
12 (3) 005/0 OROBAS 17 (V) L Egerton 6-8-7
4-1 Champagne Rules, Pickett's Charge, 7-1 Archipeligo, 8-1 Abushamah,
Exclusive Waters, Kiwi Bay, Traveltalk, 10-1 Rockwood, 12-1 others.
1
2
3
4
5
6
8.25
Handicap (�170: 5f) (11)
J Mitchell
(3) 56541 WHO TOLD JO JO 7 (D) J Tuite 4-9-11
(5) 000-2 GROUNDWORKER 27 (T,CD) P Midgley 7-9-9 P Mulrennan
D Tudhope
(7) 63060 STAR CRACKER 10 (P,C,D) J Goldie 6-9-7
K Lundie (5)
(10) 50230 HISAR 11 (B,BF) M Appleby 4-9-7
J Sullivan
(1) -513U FUEL INJECTION 21 (CD) Mrs R Carr 7-9-6
T Eaves
(4) -0005 FLY TRUE 21 (H,D) S France 5-9-2
C Hardie
(8) -5035 MONSIEUR MEL 26 (H) A Brittain 4-9-0
(9) 00500 NOVABRIDGE 19 (B,CD) Mrs K Tutty 10-8-12
Gemma Tutty (5)
B McHugh
9 (2) 3-256 FINTRY FLYER 46 (P) J Goldie 4-8-12
10 (6) 4-000 DIGITAL REVOLUTION 26 (B) A Brittain 4-8-12
J Gormley (5)
R Scott (3)
11(11) 56/00 GRIFFIN STREET 19 A Whillans 5-8-12
4-1 Who Told Jo Jo, 5-1 Groundworker, Hisar, 6-1 Fuel Injection, Monsieur
Mel, 10-1 Fintry Flyer, Fly True, 12-1 Star Cracker, 16-1 others.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
2.10
Maiden Stakes
(2-Y-O: �787: 5f 42y) (6)
ADAM TILER R Cowell 9-5
G Mosse
1 (1)
3 ARTAIR 15 Michael Bell 9-5
J P Spencer
2 (3)
REVICH Richard Spencer 9-5
S Donohoe
3 (4)
USAIN BOAT G Scott 9-5
S De Sousa
4 (5)
WINDY GUEST G Margarson 9-5
T Queally
5 (2)
36 HARD FOREST 13 (BF) M Johnston 9-0
P J McDonald
6 (6)
6-4 Hard Forest, 11-4 Artair, Usain Boat, 12-1 Adam Tiler, 14-1 others.
2.40
Novice Stakes
(3-Y-O: �704: 1m 3f 104y) (5)
1 (1) 41-2 ANTONIAN 27 J Gosden 9-8
2 (3) 61- CORELLI 164 (T) J Gosden 9-8
3 (2) 0-1 JETSTREAM 69 C Hills 9-8
4 (5) 022-2 BLAME CULTURE 17 G Margarson 9-2
3 KITTILEO 12 M Johnston 9-2
5 (4)
11-10 Corelli, 3-1 Antonian, Blame Culture, 8-1 Kittileo.
3.15
N Mackay
L Dettori
Doubtful
T Queally
P J McDonald
Handicap (�752: 1m 2f 23y) (7)
J P Spencer
1 (1) 540 INSOMNIAC 52 D Simcock 4-9-7
N Mackay
2 (7) 44-30 HARD TOFFEE 81 Miss L Allan 7-9-5
3 (6) 63535 OCEANUS 17 (D) Miss J Feilden 4-9-4 Shelley Birkett (3)
G Wood (3)
4 (4) 005- CALM CHARM 197 C Wall 4-9-3
S De Sousa
5 (3) 00-02 RAVEN BANNER 35 (D) I Furtado 5-9-2
A Breslin (7)
6 (2) 50310 RAVENHOE 10 M Johnston 5-9-2
David Egan (3)
7 (5) 66-05 TYRSAL 3 (CD) C Lines 7-9-0
9-4 Raven Banner, 9-2 Insomniac, 5-1 Calm Charm, Hard Toffee, 6-1 others.
3.45
Handicap (�246: 7f 3y) (7)
T Queally
1 (7) 2102- MOUNTAIN RESCUE 222 (D) C Wall 6-9-7
P J McDonald
2 (1) 0-346 AFANDEM 31 M Johnston 4-9-1
50300
SUZI'S
CONNOISSEUR
5
(T,V,D)
S
C
Williams
7-9-1
3 (2)
J P Spencer
4 (4) -2120 MAJESTIC MOON 48 (D) Miss J Feilden 8-9-1
Shelley Birkett (3)
Nicola Currie (5)
5 (5) 00550 LONDON 14 (D) Phil McEntee 5-9-1
6 (3) 1312- SALT WHISTLE BAY 179 (D) Rae Guest 4-8-12 M Harley
S De Sousa
7 (6) /2212 RIPP ORF 27 D Elsworth 4-8-12
5-2 Ripp Orf, Salt Whistle Bay, 9-2 Mountain Rescue, 6-1 others.
4.15
Fillies' Handicap (�752: 7f 3y) (9)
1 (6) 33113 SONNET ROSE 17 (T,B,D) C Allen 4-9-7
Sebastian Woods (7)
S De Sousa
2 (4) -4412 THE LACEMAKER 17 (P) C Dwyer 4-9-6
T Queally
3 (1) 2204- SEYASAH 209 C Wall 4-9-4
20-50
LA
ISLA
BONITA
39
(P,D)
Richard
Spencer
4-8-13
4 (2)
S Donohoe
5 (9) -0112 RAMBLOW 33 (P,D,BF) M Appleby 5-8-12 Nicola Currie (5)
6 (5) 255-6 TALLULAH'S QUEST 27 Miss J Feilden 4-8-10
Shelley Birkett (3)
7 (3) 00-44 EMILY GOLDFINCH 17 (P,D) Phil McEntee 5-8-8
G Wood (3)
N Mackay
8 (7) 442-0 RONNI LAYNE 26 Miss L Allan 4-8-3
9 (8) -4000 HOW'S LUCY 20 (P) Jane Chapple-Hyam 4-8-2
David Egan (3)
4-1 Ramblow, 9-2 Tallulah's Quest, 5-1 Emily Goldfinch, 11-2 others.
4.45
Handicap (3-Y-O: �105: 1m 3y) (9)
Shelley Birkett (3)
(7) 34003 LULU STAR 12 Miss J Feilden 9-9
S Donohoe
(8) 05-60 PATTY PATCH 26 (V) Richard Spencer 9-8
S De Sousa
(9) 0-050 MANDARIN PRINCESS 12 P McBride 9-7
(1) 0-550 ROSEDALE TOPPING 68 (V) E Vaughan 9-6 P J McDonald
G Wood (3)
(5) 000-1 GAINSAY 26 J Portman 9-5
David Egan (3)
(3) 005-5 JAZZY GIRL 20 B Powell 9-0
J Osborn (7)
(2) 006- CALVIN'S GAL 234 John Ryan 9-0
(4) 00-53 BANJO'S VOICE 25 (B) Jane Chapple-Hyam 8-12
Nicola Currie (5)
M Harley
9 (6) 000-4 PRETTY PEARL 103 R Eddery 8-12
7-2 Gainsay, 9-2 Mandarin Princess, 11-2 Banjo's Voice, 13-2 others.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
5.15
Handicap (3-Y-O: �105: 1m 3y) (9)
G Wood (3)
1 (4) 000-1 CHORAL MUSIC 20 J Portman 9-8
G Malune (5)
2 (8) 000-6 SPRING PRAISE 18 (B,BF) M Botti 9-7
R Winston
3 (7) 5060- GRASMERE 138 A Bailey 9-7
4 (3) 560- HIDDEN DREAM 195 (P) Mrs C Dunnett 9-6 S Donohoe
J Duern (3)
5 (9) -0453 OLIVE MABEL 25 D Ivory 9-2
S De Sousa
6 (2) 0-040 AHFAD 10 (T,V) S C Williams 9-0
M Harley
7 (1) 000- ALDBURY LASS 151 R Eddery 9-0
T Queally
8 (5) 6-005 MISS MOLLIE 41 J Given 8-12
9 (6) 000- SANDKISSED 173 (H) A Murphy 8-12 Nicola Currie (5)
3-1 Choral Music, 7-2 Spring Praise, 5-1 Ahfad, 6-1 Olive Mabel, 7-1 others.
5.50
Handicap (�105: 1m 3y) (8)
1 (6) 250-4 SCREAMING GEMINI 20 (B) R Varian 4-9-4
David Egan (3)
G Wood (3)
2 (8) -4126 KING OSWALD 82 (CD) J Unett 5-9-2
3 (7) 004-0 CHANNEL PACKET 38 M Appleby 4-8-12 A Rawlinson
4 (3) 0322- SUBLIMATION 374 (D) S Gollings 8-8-11 P J McDonald
5 (1) 2550- SLOW TO HAND 189 (B,C) W Jarvis 4-8-11 J P Spencer
S De Sousa
6 (5) 00403 MISU PETE 22 (P) M Usher 6-8-8
J Duern (3)
7 (4) 42336 DOR'S LAW 34 (P,D) D Ivory 5-8-6
8 (2) 1-020 CANDESTA 25 (T,D) Miss J Feilden 8-8-2 N Garbutt (3)
3-1 Misu Pete, Slow To Hand, 9-2 Screaming Gemini, 11-2 Dor's Law, 8-1 King
Oswald, 10-1 Candesta, 12-1 Channel Packet, Sublimation.
Yesterday?s racing results
Salisbury
Going: heavy (soft in places)
2.00 (5f) 1, Steeve (William Carson, 15-8); 2,
Mersey (7-1); 3, Arcadian Rocks (11-2). 5 ran.
NR: Oloroso, Temple Of Wonder, Treasure
Quest. Kl, 1l. B R Millman.
2.30 (6f) 1, Here?s Two (K T O?Neill, 14-1); 2,
Another Boy (16-1); 3, Field of Vision (16-1). 10
ran. NR: Pride Of Angels. 2Nl, nk. R Hodges.
3.05 (1m 1f 201yd) 1, Can Can Sixty Two
(Callum Shepherd, 6-1); 2, Dame Nellie (6-1); 3,
Clan Mcgregor (12-1). 8 ran. NR: Johni Boxit. Ol,
Ol. M Channon.
3.40 (1m 4f) 1, Pretty Jewel (K O?Neill, 5-4 fav);
2, I?m A Believer (10-1); 3, Lady Bergamot (5-2).
5 ran. NR: Flight Of Fantasy. Nk, 4Kl. I Williams.
4.15 (1m 6f 44yd) 1, Master Grey (William
Carson, 5-2); 2, Seasearch (1-2 fav); 3, Say
About It (9-1). NR: Pollyissimo, Rose Of Shiraz.
2Kl, 1Nl. B R Millman.
4.45 (1m 6f 44yd) 1, Garcon De Soleil (Rob
Hornby, 12-1); 2, Patent (25-1); 3, Beyeh (5-1). 8
ran. NR: Diamond Reflection. 9l, 1l M Blanshard.
5.15 (1m 6f 44yd) 1, Chivers (Joshua Bryan,
16-1); 2, Heron (9-2); 3, Ocean Gale (4-1 jt-fav).
8 ran. NR: Amadeus Rox. Nk, 4Kl. D Steele.
Placepot: �960.40.
Quadpot: �.60.
Thirsk
Going: good to soft (good in places)
1.50 (6f) 1, Rickyroadboy (A Mullen, 11-4 fav);
2, Erastus (10-1); 3, French Silk (16-1). 12 ran.
1Kl, Ol. M Walford.
2.20 (7f) 1, Be Bold (Connor Beasley, 28-1); 2,
Redrosezorro (4-5 fav); 3, Cool Strutter (18-1).
14 ran. Kl, sh hd. Rebecca Bastiman.
2.55 (7f) 1, Harbour Patrol (Theodore Ladd,
7-1); 2, Supreme Power (14-1); 3, Mrs Angel
(20-1). 13 ran. Ol, sh hd. Rebecca Bastiman.
3.30 (7f 218yd) 1, The Navigator (P Hanagan,
4-1); 2, Bacacarat (6-4 fav); 3, Valdolobo (8-1).
9 ran. 1Ol, 2Nl. R Fahey.
4.05 (6f) 1, Black Isle Boy (D Tudhope, 16-1); 2,
My Name Is Rio (33-1); 3, Pennsylvania Dutch
(7-1). 15 ran. NR: Henley, Short Work. Nk, sh hd.
D O?Meara.
4.35 (6f) 1, I Know How (P Mulrennan, 9-1);
2, Capla Demon (20-1); 3, Hop Maddocks
(17-2). 9 ran. NR: Rotherhithe. 1Nl, sh hd.
Miss J Camacho.
5.05 (1m) 1, Odds On Oli (P Hanagan, 7-2 fav);
2, Consultant (5-1); 3, Amity Island (12-1).
10 ran. Nk, 3Nl. R Fahey.
5.35 (1m 4f) 1, Zig Zag (Callum Rodriguez, 7-1);
2, Ice Galley (14-1); 3, Four Kingdoms (12-1);
4, Druid?s Diamond (7-1). 17 ran. 1l, Kl. P Kirby.
Placepot: �422.10.
Quadpot: �3.50.
Wolverhampton
Going: standard
2.10 (7f) 1, Dance On The Day (R Kingscote,
7-1); 2, Rasima (Evens fav); 3, Pride?s Gold
(16-1). 12 ran. Hd, 1Nl. T Dascombe.
2.40 (7f) 1, Ubla (S De Sousa, 9-4 jt-fav); 2, Tisa
River (100-1); 3, Prince Of Time (20-1). 12 ran.
2Kl, 1l. Miss Gay Kelleway.
3.15 (7f) 1, Tivoli (R Havlin, 11-10 fav); 2, Line
House (14-1); 3, Ortiz (7-2). 5 ran. NR: Cirrus
Minor. Kl, 3l. J Gosden.
3.50 (1m 142yd) 1, Shamonix (Darragh Keenan,
22-1); 2, Windsorlot (2-1 fav); 3, Orobas (66-1).
11 ran. Nk, Kl. M Usher.
4.25 (1m 1f 104yd) 1, Mootasadir (Josephine
Gordon, 4-5 fav); 2, Well Suited (9-4);
3, Starcaster (13-2). 6 ran. Nk, Ol. H Palmer.
4.55 (1m 4f 51yd) 1, Sky Eagle (Andrea Atzeni,
11-10 fav); 2, Agent Gibbs (11-1); 3, Star
Ascending (9-2). 9 ran. 1Nl, 3Ol. Ed Walker.
5.25 (6f 20yd) 1, Revenge (Jason Hart, 7-2);
2, Chloellie (9-4 fav); 3, Swift Fox (8-1). 8 ran.
2l, nk. T Easterby.
Placepot: �.40.
Quadpot: �40.
Windsor
Going: good (good to soft in places)
5.10 (6f 12yd) 1, Quick Breath (R Kingscote, 3-1
jt-fav); 2, Jeopardy John (11-2); 3, White
Feather (13-2). 9 ran. NR: Achianna. 1Kl, Ol.
J Portman.
5.40 (5f 21yd) 1, Emaraaty Ana (T P Queally,
12-1); 2, Blown By Wind (4-11 fav); 3, Dark
Thunder (8-1). 7 ran. 2Nl, 6l. K Ryan.
6.10 (5f 21yd) 1, Wiley Post (Dane O?Neill,
17-2); 2, Dragstone Rock (6-4 fav); 3, Awesome
Allan (5-1). 11 ran. 1Kl, hd. A W Carroll.
6.40 (1m 2f) 1, Aspetar (Kieran Shoemark, 15-8
fav); 2, Shall We Go Now (8-1); 3, Imaginative
(6-1). 12 ran. NR: Floral Queen, Reprieval. 4Kl,
1Ol. R Charlton.
7.10 (1m 2f) 1, Chance To Dream (J P Spencer,
4-1); 2, Zzoro (15-2); 3, Man Of Harlech (5-1).
8 ran. Kl, Kl. J R Best.
7.40 (1m 3f 99yd) 1, Envoy (Ryan Tate, 25-1);
2, Quothquan (9-1); 3, Hawridge Flyer (9-2).
13 ran. NR: Gassin Golf. Hd, 3Nl. J Eustace.
8.10 (1m 31yd) 1, Caiya (Charles Bishop, 7-2);
2, Ghalia Al Thumama (10-1); 3, Gift Of Raaj
(2-1 fav). 13 ran. Nk, 2Kl. E Johnson Houghton.
Placepot: �.00.
Quadpot: �.70.
Southwell
Going: standard
5.20 (7f 14yd) 1, Feel The Wrath (S De Sousa,
11-4 fav); 2, Mimram (9-2); 3, Wilde Oscar
(11-2). 9 ran. 2Ol, 3Ol. I Furtado.
5.50 (4f 214yd) 1, Cococabala (R Winston, 7-1);
2, Mr Buttons (8-11 fav); 3, Lady Katy (9-1).
5 ran. 1N, Kl. Richard Spencer.
6.20 (1m 13yd) 1, Zarjaz (T Eaves, 16-1); 2,
Battle Lines (7-2); 3, Compliance (11-4 jt-fav).
10 ran. 1Ol, 3Kl. K Ryan.
6.50 (1m 13yd) 1, Treaty Of Rome (P Mathers,
5-1); 2, Best Tamayuz (11-2); 3, Fieldsman
(11-2). 8 ran. Sh hd, 1Nl. D Shaw.
7.20 (6f 16yd) 1, Captain Bob (P McDonald, 6-4
fav); 2, Eponina (7-2); 3, Dream Ally (9-2). 5 ran.
NR: Da Capo Dandy. Ol, 1Kl. P Kirby.
7.50 (1m 3f 23yd) 1, Rashdan (Josephine
Gordon, 7-2); 2, Litigation (7-4 fav); 3, Albizzia
(6-1). 7 ran. 1Ol, 2Kl. H Palmer.
8.20 (1m 4f 14yd) 1, Arabian Oasis (Noel
Garbutt, 9-1); 2, Song Of Love (7-1); 3, Sleep
Easy (7-4 fav). 8 ran. Kl, 6l. L McJannet.
Placepot: �.50.
Quadpot: �.90.
556
2G M
Tuesday May 1 2018 | the times
Sport
GARETH COPLEY/GETTY IMAGES
Hardaker ?could
have died? if he
kept drinking
Rugby league
Martyn Ziegler Chief Sports Reporter
An anti-doping panel has suggested it
was ?fortuitous? that Zak Hardaker,
one of England?s leading players,
decided to take cocaine because he
could have died if he had instead
continued on a dangerous drinking
binge.
The 26-year-old had drunk six or
seven pints of lager and more than a
litre of spirits before taking several
lines of cocaine, and the UK AntiDoping (Ukad) panel, in announcing a
14-month ban for Hardaker, said in its
findings: ?In a sense, it might be said
that it was almost fortuitous that it was
cocaine that he ingested rather than,
say, another bottle of spirits. There
was no performance-related benefit
and if he?d had another bottle of spirits
instead, he would not be before us.?
The panel heard that Hardaker,
whose career had previously been
blighted by a string of misdemeanours,
some related to alcohol, had an
undisclosed condition diagnosed by a
psychiatrist in 2015.
The England full back and former
Man of Steel was sacked by Castleford
Tigers, his club, in February after
testing positive for cocaine on September 8 last year after a match against
Leeds Rhinos, his former team. Two
days earlier, the hearing was told, he
had gone out drinking with a friend on
the first anniversary of a distressing
personal incident.
Ukad?s findings stated: ?He knew his
friend had access to drugs. He told
Ukad?s expert that he had six to seven
pints of lager and then shared a litre of
vodka and a litre of whisky. He then
continued drinking spirits.? He was
then offered cocaine ?and he took four
or five lines?.
Hardaker was facing a two-year ban
for taking the drug in competition, but
the panel imposed a shorter suspension
on the basis that he was of ?no
significant fault or negligence? because
he had not taken the cocaine for
performance-enhancing reasons.
Hardaker?s lawyers had argued to the
panel that they should follow the case
of Jake Livermore, the Premier League
footballer who escaped a drugs ban
altogether ? he used cocaine after
losing his baby son. The panel decided,
however, that the Livermore decision
was not a precedent and was different
to Hardaker?s case.
A statement from Hardaker?s lawyers
said: ?The last two years have been an
extremely difficult period for Zak who,
away from the public eye, has bravely
battled a number of personal traumas.?
Hardaker has been working outside
rugby league since his positive test but
has been linked with Wigan Warriors
once his ban ends.
During a chequered career, he was
fined and warned by Leeds for breaching their code of conduct after being
thrown out of England?s World Cup
squad in 2013 for misconduct, and was
banned for five matches for making
homophobic comments during a game
in 2014. A year later he agreed to take an
anger-management
course
after
admitting assaulting a student in Leeds.
Last year, he was again shortlisted for
the Man of Steel award but in October
he was dropped by Castleford days
before the Grand Final and left out of
England?s World Cup squad after the
failed drugs test.
Rugby union
Alex Lowe Deputy Rugby Correspondent
Gloucester are on the verge of signing a
convicted drugs cheat.
Gerbrandt Grobler, the South
African lock, served a two-year ban
after testing positive for a body-building steroid in October 2014, and the 26year-old is likely to be subject to
increased testing from UK AntiDoping (Ukad) once he completes his
expected move from Munster.
Johan Ackermann, the Gloucester
head coach, also served a two-year
doping ban during his playing days in
South Africa.
Grobler
tested
positive
for
drostanolone after a Currie Cup game
for Western Province and signed an
admission of guilt. He returned to
action for Racing 92 in the 2016-17
season and then joined Munster,
sparking a storm of controversy.
Chris Henry, the Ulster and Ireland
flanker, said that it was ?unacceptable?
and ?hindering home-grown players
who have done it the right way?. Brian
O?Driscoll and Gordon D?Arcy were
among a number of Irish rugby figures
to speak out on the issue.
The Irish Rugby Football Union said
that it would review its recruitment
policy but concluded that Grobler
deserved a second chance.
Ukad does not automatically target
an athlete who is competing again after
serving a ban but the athlete?s record is
Grobler admitted
using an anabolic
steroid in 2014
Hardaker was nominated for Man of Steel last year, but dropped by Castleford
Tigers for the Grand Final after he failed a drugs test and was then sacked
Ascot on the verge of signing up to Sky?s new channel
Ascot is understood to be ready to join
Sky Sports? dedicated racing channel,
which will be launched in January, it
was confirmed yesterday.
The Times revealed in February that
the broadcaster was ready to make its
move after earlier taking a majority
stake in the At The Races (ATR)
channel as a media rights ground war
intensified. The announcement yester-
day could herald a transformation in
the broadcast landscape.
Chester and Bangor announced that
they would be leaving Racing UK, the
rival racing channel, and joining ATR
in a ten-year deal from next March.
That in itself is a coup for ATR but the
jewel in the crown is Ascot and insiders
are optimistic that the Queen?s racecourse is on the verge of announcing
that it too has been persuaded that the
power and reach of Sky, with its 14 million subscribers, cannot be ignored.
Trump into quarter-finals
Evans beaten on comeback
Snooker Judd Trump reached the
Tennis Dan Evans suffered a first-
World Championship quarter-finals
by beating Ricky Walden 13-9. Trump,
the world No 4, sealed a last-eight
clash against John Higgins, the fourtimes champion, with a final-frame
clearance of 103. The pair were locked
at 8-8 overnight but Trump won five
of their six frames yesterday.
Ding Junhui sealed his place in the
last eight by completing a 13-4 win
against Anthony McGill. The world
No 3 from China, who had built a
commanding 12-4 overnight lead,
won the opening frame in yesterday?s
morning session and will play Barry
Hawkins in the last eight. Mark
Williams, the two-times world
champion, beat Robert Milkins 13-7 to
set up a quarter-final with Ali Carter.
round defeat against Lucas Miedler at
the Glasgow Challenger in his first
tournament since completing a drugs
ban. The 27-year-old had to come
through qualifying after the end of his
12-month ban after he failed a test for
cocaine in Barcelona last April. The
Briton took the first set 6-2 in just 27
minutes but Miedler, of Austria,
stormed back to break three times as
Evans struggled with his match
fitness to win 2-6, 6-2, 6-4 at
Scotstoun Leisure Centre.
Heather Watson, the British No 2,
suffered a seventh successive defeat
when she was beaten 6-1, 6-3 by Anna
Karolina Schmiedlova, of Slovakia, in
the Prague Open first round. Watson
has not won a set since February 27.
Racing
Mark Souster Racing Writer
Controversial
drugs cheat
set to sign for
Gloucester
?The mood music is very much
that Ascot will leave RUK,? a source
said.
Officially Ascot is still considering its
response to tenders for three packages
of rights, including one for pay television. It has not set a deadline for its
decision but the prospect of losing
Ascot would be a hammer-blow to
Racing UK, which has 50,000
subscribers paying �0 per year.
ATR will have about 45 per cent of
fixtures next year from its 24 courses.
The channel reaches 1.5 million viewers
and that figure is expected to rise
considerably under the Sky umbrella.
There are no official viewing numbers
for RUK, which has 36 courses and
recently won the rights to Irish racing
from ATR.
ITV will no doubt be watching
closely. It is 18 months into a four-year
deal for the terrestrial rights to racing
and would be keen to continue
thereafter, but will want to understand
what it would be buying into.
Results
Fixtures
Football
Tennis
Football
Premier League
ATP Estoril Open
Portugal: First round: P Sousa (Por)
bt G Simon (Fr) 6-3, 4-6, 7-6 (7-4);
F Tiafoe (US) bt T Sandgren (US) 3-6,
7-6 (7-5), 7-6 (7-4).
All matches kick-off 7.45
Champions League: Semi-final,
second leg: Real Madrid (2) v Bayern
Munich (1).
Sky Bet League One: Bradford v
Walsall; Scunthorpe v Plymouth;
Doncaster v AFC Wimbledon. League
Two: Chesterfield v Newport County.
Ladbrokes Scottish Premiership:
Play-off quarter-final, first leg:
Dunfermline v Dundee Utd. League
One: Play-off semi-final, first leg:
Stenhousemuir v Queen?s Park.
League Two: Play-off semi-final,
second leg: Spartans v Cove Rangers.
Tottenham (1) 2 Watford (0) 0
Alli 16
Kane 48
52,675
6 Table on page 62
Golf
LPGA
Mediheal
Championship
California, United States: Leading
final scores: 276: L Ko (NZ) 68, 70, 67,
71 (won play-off at first hole);
M Lee (Aus) 70, 70, 68, 68.
280: J Korda (US) 68, 67, 71, 74; A Yin
(US) 73, 69, 71, 67; C Hull (GB) 69, 68,
73, 70; S Feng (China) 73, 71, 68, 68.
Snooker
Crucible Theatre, Sheffield
Betfred World Championship: Second
round (GB unless stated): J Trump bt
R Walden 13-9; Ding Junhui (China)
bt A McGill 13-4; M Williams bt
R Milkins 13-7.
ATP Istanbul Open
Turkey: First round: L Djere (Serbia)
bt D Istomin (Uzb) 7-6 (7-5), 7-6
(8-6); V Troicki (Serbia) bt B Tomic
(Aus) 3-6, 6-0, 7-5; T Daniel (Japan)
bt M Berrettini (It) 7-5, 6-3.
WTA Prague Open
Czech Republic: First round: A K
Schmiedlova (Slovakia) bt H Watson
(GB) 6-1, 6-3; S Stosur (Aus) bt
D Gavrilova (Aus) 6-3, 4-6, 0-0 ret;
K Siniakova (Cz) bt A Petkovic (Ger)
6-2, 7-6 (7-4).
WTA Morocco Open
Rabat: First round: S Sorribes Tormo
(Sp) bt Y Putintseva (Kaz) 7-6 (7-4),
6-0; J Fett (Cro) bt S Vickery (US)
6-2, 3-6, 6-3; K Flipkens (Bel) bt
P Martic (Cro) 3-6, 6-2, 6-4; S Errani
(It) bt Z Diyas (Kaz) 6-4, 6-4.
Cricket
Tour match: Canterbury, final day of
four: Kent v Pakistan (11.0).
Snooker
Crucible Theatre, Sheffield: Betfred
World Championship.
one of the factors considered when a
testing regime is being formulated.
There is a growing South African
influence at Gloucester, which became
stronger yesterday when the club completed the signing of Jaco Kriel, 28, the
Springbok flanker, for next season.
While Gloucester will focus on the
Premiership this summer, London Irish
will spend the close season formulating
a five-year plan to re-establish the club
in the Aviva Premiership after the
exiles suffered their second relegation
in three seasons.
In a campaign that brought little
cheer to the Madejski Stadium faithful,
that London Irish have a future to
prepare for at all was the club?s most
significant victory of the season.
Brian Facer, the chief executive,
believes that various proposals to establish a ring-fenced Premiership of 12
clubs, which could result in Irish being
locked out and facing a semi-professional future, have been defeated.
?I don?t think it?s going to happen,?
Facer said. ?Until there?s a way ahead
for ring-fencing that every club agrees
on then it won?t move forward. You
certainly can?t be looking to kill a club if
they?re a shareholder.?
London Irish are one of 13 Premiership shareholders and a founder
member of the league. Despite facing
another season in the Greene King IPA
Championship and the financial challenge of having their central funding cut
from �million to �3 million, London
Irish still support the principles and the
merits of promotion and relegation.
Facer believes that the way forward is
not to ring-fence the Premiership but to
focus on greater investment in the
Championship.
the times | Tuesday May 1 2018
57
2G M
Rugby union Sport
Owen Slot
Rugby Writer of the Year
RFU has moral duty to support Jones
I
n words that were bafflingly humble, Sam
Jones opened up in an interview in the
Wasps matchday programme on Sunday
and said: ?I feel guilty that I haven?t been
able to be more transparent about my
injury.? In one of the most unfortunate ends to a
rugby career, though, guilt is not an emotion
with which he should be remotely acquainted.
Jones did not just do the programme on
Sunday, he was also presented on the Ricoh
Arena pitch. It was his formal goodbye and the
first time that he had been out on the turf in
front of the crowd since October 2, 2016. On
that day, he had played 80 minutes in Wasps?
47-18 Aviva Premiership victory over
Harlequins. That was the last game he ever
played. The next day, his rugby career ended.
Jones was 24 at the time and, in the club
games that season, his form had been
impressing Eddie Jones. The England players
would meet for a training camp in Brighton that
weekend and, for the first time, Jones had got
the call-up to join them. He was the new man.
The Harlequins game was a Sundayafternoon fixture. The camp had started that
day, so Jones travelled down to Brighton after
the game a day late.
One area that the squad was to be working on
was grappling skills in contact and, for that
reason, Jones had brought in two England judo
coaches, JP Bell and Kate Howey, who was an
Olympic silver medallist in Sydney in 2000. It
was the head coach?s belief that judo skills would
help and, on the Sunday in camp, the players
received instruction and safety guidance.
However, a number of people claim that the
same guidance was not given to the late arrivals.
The following day, the judo began. Some
question whether the Wasps and Harlequins
players should have been doing judo at all. The
day after a game is generally given over to
recovery; ?active recovery? may be considered
some work on an exercise bike, not a new
martial art.
Jones was paired up with Maro Itoje, who is
one of the strongest players in the squad. That
was where the injury occurred. Jones was then
put in a taxi to hospital. The next day, another
taxi took him from Brighton back to Coventry.
The seriousness of the injury soon became
apparent. He had fractured his fibula, disrupted
the ligaments around the ankle, damaged ankle
cartilage and ruptured his medial ligament.
He would not play again that season.
However, 11 months later, at the start of this
season, he still was not fit and, as his injury
continued to defy rehabilitation, the inevitable
end began to dawn. For periods, he would return
to training with the team; he would get through
one session but would be overwhelmed by
discomfort thereafter.
In January it became apparent that his career
was over. At the end of March the press
release dropped, confirming the news.
The injury will be with him for life.
As he said in the Wasps programme:
?I will need to do some work on it to
make sure it gets to a place where it?s
not a pain in the arse to climb up a
hill or go for a jog in the park.? He
also said: ?Maro Itoje has texted
me several times throughout the
process. I don?t blame him at all.?
What do you get back for
losing your career in this way? Thee
standard contract that Jones had
signed qualified him to six months? full
pay and then three months at half-pay.
This was paid by Wasps who,
because the injury was on England
time, were then reimbursed
through the RFU?s insurance.
Wasps then continued paying
Jones?s salary in full until his
retirement.
Do Wasps qualify for any
compensation from the RFU
because this was a player that
the club had developed
through from his teens?
None at all.
And what about Jones
and his loss of earnings?
He had established
himself as a mainstay in
the Wasps back row and
Jones was injured in a
judo session with Itoje,
inset right, who gets to
grips with Jamie
George in Brighton
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led by Ed Jackson, his former Wasps team-mate,
who suffered a spinal injury after diving into the
shallow end of a swimming pool thinking that it
was the deep end. That was
?an emotional day,? Jones said. Jackson
?absolutely blitzed it up there and put us all to
shame.? Jones says that he completed the ascent
himself ?despite my ankle being pretty terrible.?
Everything about Jones is positive and
suggests that he is moving on. ?In terms of
bitterness,? he said in the programme, ?there
isn?t any. I?m lucky to have experienced what I
did. You play the hand you are dealt and you get
on with life.?
Nevertheless there is a small crowd waiting
with interest to see where this finishes up. All of
Jones?s public statements have been carefully
and meticulously worded. As he says in the
programme, he wishes he could have been
?more transparent? about the injury.
All that he says about the judo incident is:
?The intensity of the environment is geared to
take you out of your comfort zone at all costs
and at that time it was working. I suppose
that?s what happened ? I was out of my
comfort zone and that was the aim. These
things happen.?
Jones is waiting for the JPPI payment to be
confirmed. At that point, his position may
change. If this were the United States, litigation
would probably be right around the corner.
Jones, however, does not come over as a man
with such an appetite. And the RFU?s position is
steadfast. ?Sam Jones?s injury was bad luck,? an
R
RFU
spokeswomen said yesterday. ?There
w no lack of care in the team camp.?
was
Of course, he was very unlucky. Of course,
th
h situation is painful too for the England
the
m
management
who laid on the judo course.
I wonder if all the tip-toeing around the
co
o
conversation
is leading in a specific
di
direction
anyway, but if not, let?s hope the
R
RFU
goes there of its own accord, without
be
being
pushed.
This was a career cruelly and
un
unfortunately
lost and in the most peculiar
of circumstances; everyone here is a loser,
of
an most of all Jones.
and
The offer from the RFU of a
co
o
compensation
payment would be the most
de
decent
way to achieve closure.
EXCLUSIVE RADIO COMMENTARY
BELLEW
VS HAYE
REMATCH
THE
THE HOME OF
LIVE SPORT
THIS WEEK?S
COMMENTARIES
here he was, just attempting to take the first step
into the international game. If he had completed
that step-up, it is not unreasonable to suggest
that he would now be earning
about �0,000 a year.
Under the Joint
Professional Players?
Insurance (JPPI) contract,
shared by Premiership clubs,
the RFU and the Rugby
Players? Association, his
financial compensation
will be a single
payment of about
�0,000. You
could argue that is
u
unfortunate, or
jjust plain unfair.
Jones, to his
credit, has not sat
around feeling
s
sorry
for himself.
H other passion,
His
outside rugby, is
f
food.
He has
conttriibu
contributed,
in the past, to a
f
food
blog. He has pursued that
p
passion
since rugby ended, has
m
moved
back to London and has
already spent time doing work
experience in a Michelinstarred restaurant in the centre
of town.
He also joined a charity climb
of Mount Snowdon
1089/1053AM ? DAB Radio ? App ? talkSPORT.com
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558
2G M
Tuesday May 1 2018 | the times
Sport
Jos�, did you relish psycho role in The Wenger Years?
Giles Smith
Sport on
television
O
ne minute the presidents
of North and South
Korea are embracing at
the border, the next Sir
Alex Ferguson and Jos�
Mourinho are inviting Ars鑞e
Wenger on to the pitch at Old
Trafford for a ceremony in his
honour. How much historic cessation
of globe-threatening hostilities can a
television viewer take in a week?
This is how it ends, apparently: not
with a bang but with a handshake
and, in Wenger?s case, a flower vase.
The world loves a truce, of course. At
the same time, were all those years of
solid rancour really dissolved with a
smile and a hug and some silverware
in a presentation case?
In the alternative version of
Sunday?s scenes, a riotously
triumphant Mourinho welcomes
Wenger to the dugout with lip curled
and hand cupped to ear. Then, in the
64th minute, after a long exchange of
sadly inaudible insults, Wenger bursts
into his opposite number?s technical
area to beat Mourinho to the ground
with the vase. More like it, surely ? a
properly apocalyptic denouement for
the onlookers, who had a lot invested
in the hatred between these two men
and who can now only think: ?What
have we been worrying about these
past two decades??
You?re saying it was only soap opera
after all? But what about that
Saturday lunchtime in 2014 when
Wenger arrived at Stamford Bridge
for his 1,000th match in charge and
Mourinho, with no commemorative
vases anywhere in sight, sent out a
Chelsea team so hyped up, they
clobbered Arsenal 6-0? This was the
same Mourinho, note, who sets up his
sides to pinch a narrow lead and hold
it. That afternoon he seemed to serve
notice that he was ready to step
entirely out of character, if it meant
the crisps got dampened at a party for
Wenger.
But no. The ?specialist in failure?
thing? Just bantz, it turns out, and
when you peel those layers of cruel
rhetoric away, you will find that a
bedrock of respect underlay them
throughout. Revise your assessments
accordingly, then, because this was
merely gameplay, and when
Mourinho was busy calling Wenger a
voyeur, it was always with that
irreducible core of admiration that
one has for voyeurs.
Maybe it?s time to start
interviewing managers the same way
people interview actors. ?Jose, for The
Wenger Years, you had to play the
part of a sneering Portuguese psychowarrior who appears to derive some
of his most intense pleasure from
teasing the accident-prone
Frenchman who lives up the road.
Was it a stretch for you to get into
character for the role??
Surely television had too much
invested to believe that this could all
be magicked away in a pre-match
ceremony. We have lost a key
rivalry, and the indulgent tone on
MOTD2 should have been funereal.
On Sky Sports, a baffled
Graeme Souness (no fan
generally of a boxed
commemorative vase, one
feels) was finding it so
hard to adapt to the
redrawn political
landscape that he was
still shouting ?Wenger
out? after the game,
even though Wenger had, technically,
gone.
Who, or what, can fill the gap?
Antonio Conte v Mourinho has
shown a certain smouldering promise,
and may still furnish something
properly combustible at the FA Cup
final, but nobody seems to think that
Conte will still be around in August so
there is nothing to build on here.
Mourinho v Pep Guardiola? It can
be made to simmer, certainly, and
both undeniably look good in slo-mo,
although Guardiola never seems
entirely on for it and, in any case,
Mourinho rarely punches up.
Sam Allardyce v Rafa Ben韙ez?
There?s definitely some history. But
this is low-watt, marginal-interest fare
by comparison with Wenger v
Mourinho and one can?t imagine
viewers settling in for the long term.
It?s a problem. Meanwhile Arsenal
still have to go to Leicester, where
Claude Puel, his conscience pricked
by Sunday?s pictures, will no doubt be
waiting at the end of the tunnel to gift
the departing manager with a nice
chair for the garden and a strimmer.
And we?ve got two more weeks of
Wenger shaking hands after games
and looking like he actually means it.
Terrible scenes. Frankly, the end can?t
come soon enough.
Mourinho, Wenger
and Ferguson pose
awkwardly with a
vase, putting aside
their differences
Chelsea win fifth cup in row
Arsenal
Chelsea
Gilmour 11, Hudson-Odoi 58, 76,
Anjorin 67
0
2
1
4
Chelsea win 7-1 on aggregate
FA Youth Cup final second leg
Robert Dunford
Jody Morris believes that Callum
Hudson-Odoi has the potential to
become a first-team regular for Chelsea
after they lifted the FA Youth Cup for
the fifth straight season.
Hudson-Odoi has made two
appearances already in the first team
this season, against Bournemouth and
Tottenham, and cemented a growing
reputation with two goals at Arsenal in
the second leg of the final.
However, even with a 7-1 aggregate
continued from back
Programmes under threat
view is that this would be a regrettable
step. For quite a few fans even now
buying and reading a programme is
part of the matchday tradition.
?I hope at the least that the EFL will
have a proper consultation with
supporters about this, and if they do
bring in the rule change that the clubs
will consult their own supporters
before deciding to stop. The quality of
victory, Chelsea?s manager felt that his
young charge still has much to do.
?He?s got a lot to learn but he?s
certainly got a chance, if he keeps his
feet on the ground. There?s a young kid
there who has got a fantastic amount of
talent. I love seeing what he can do with
a football at times,? he said.
Chelsea were simply too powerful for
their north London opponents. The
game was effectively over after Billy
Gilmour struck in the 11th minute after
a Arsenal had failed to clear.
Jo鉶 Virginia, the Arsenal goalkeeper, had to keep out shots from Juan
Castillo, the Dutch midfielder, before
finally getting beaten again early in the
second half by Hudson-Odoi.
The goalscorer then scythed open
the Arsenal defence to feed Tino
Anjorin, who slotted home, before
showing impressive composure in the
area to turn his shot past Virginia.
the programmes now is much higher
than it used to be.?
The most expensive programme
sold at auction is the oldest-surviving
one for an FA Cup final ? Blackburn
Rovers v Old Etonians in 1882. It was
bought in 2013 for �,000.
The EFL said: ?At its summer
meeting in June, EFL clubs will vote on
a proposal that will determine whether
or not it is an absolute requirement to
produce a match programme from the
start of season 2018-19.?
the times | Tuesday May 1 2018
59
2G M
Football Sport
Henry Winter
Chief Football Writer
Uefa deserves blame if Rome burns
A
ANDREW YATES/AFP/GETTY IMAGES
nd so to Rome. We can leave it to
clever sociologists in genteel
seminars to debate what drives
nihilists and nutters to violence at
football (here are some clues for free:
alienation, anger, access and adrenaline rush
and those are just the As) but those heading to
Rome, the city of breadknives and circuses,
must confront the very real problem with Roma
in the quivering flesh right now.
For those en route to the Stadio Olimpico, an
assault course stretches across Ponte Duca
d?Aosta. English fans have been stabbed and
chased on this brutal bridge over the Tiber.
Those of us in the media game travelling back
post-match are inevitably wary and 2007 with
Manchester United was certainly unpleasant.
So forget academics and columnists in their
ivory towers. They are not in Rome, not in the
fray, not in the know.
Those there have to unite to fight the enemy
within. Fans, clubs, staff and authorities in
England and Italy must combine to cleanse the
stain on the game, some of it blood-stained.
Uefa, too often too cowardly, must wake up too.
But who exactly is responsible for the
malevolent minority ruining it for others?
Society or the greatest game? Clubs or
governing bodies? All of them. First of all, some
perspective is required on Rome, a city more
eternal than infernal.
This columnist is inevitably biased, having
been based in Rome during Italia 90, loving the
hospitality, even big-hearted gestures like the
landlady of a tiny, rented room near the
Colosseum insisting on pressing all my clothes
so I returned home looking vaguely presentable
after a visit to her beloved, stylish country. She
was that proud, that friendly, and one does not
forget the kindness of strangers lightly.
So let?s hope the 5,000 Liverpool fans
descending on Italy enjoy regal, papal Rome,
marvelling at the breathtaking Gallery of Maps
which the naive blindly ignore as they hurry
impatiently to the Sistine Chapel. So let?s hope
they pause to absorb the glory of St Peter?s,
which I was first privileged to appreciate early
one morning in August 1978 to pay my respects
to the late Pope Paul VI who was lying in state,
an extraordinary experience ? and I?m not
Catholic.
These are serious, special places. So let us not
trash Rome in our minds. One of the myriad
joys of football is the opportunity to travel and
engage and understand better, broadening
horizons, a particularly pertinent issue in the
age of Brexit. Rome is epic. So let?s trust that the
Liverpool fans feel free to explore Rome,
clambering all over the Colosseum, ascending
the Spanish Steps and adding to the ?3,000
thrown daily into the Trevi Fountain. And then
carry on to the Stadio Olimpico safely without
being waylaid.
And consider this: on Liverpool?s extensive
travels this season, taking in Germany, Spain,
Familiar scene: United supporters suffered injuries at the hands of Roma hooligans 11 years ago
Russia, Slovenia, Portugal, and Manchester, not
one travelling fan has been arrested. Not one. So
the scrutiny now falls all on Rome. A valid
starting point in all this debate is the outpouring
from Jim Pallotta, Roma?s president, about what
befell Se醤 Cox, the Liverpool fan set upon by a
group of visiting supporters outside Anfield
before last Tuesday?s first leg of the Champions
League semi-final.
Pallotta raged against ?a few stupid people?
[who] destroy our history and they attack our
legacy and I?m tired of it?. Well, agreed, Rome is
certainly far more a tourist haven than the war
zone as depicted by some, but Pallotta has to
acknowledge that it is more than ?a few stupid
people?. His club have a problem. His city has a
problem.
Away from the silver screen, there?s always
been a seamy side to ?La Dolce Vita?, trouble
spewing from the suburbs. Just because Rome is
so thrilling, doesn?t mean it?s not threatening in
certain areas. But this is the issue. Where does a
social problem become a stadium problem?
Where?s the line? Does Pallotta have control
over the knife-wielding scooterati on Ponte
Duca d?Aosta? No. Should Pallotta?s club be
expected to patrol a bridge a sharpened stone?s
throw from the ground? No.
So listen closer to Pallotta as he decries the
filth within in his plea to fans broadcast via
Wembley could get a roof if Khan deal goes through
Shahid Khan will investigate the
possibility of installing a fully
retractable roof at Wembley if his
proposed �0 million purchase of
the national stadium from the FA
goes ahead. There have been
considerable problems with leaks
from the roof and repair work could
take several years.
?You would want to put in whatever
investment is needed to make it the
state-of-the-art global destination
venue it should be and obviously our
focus is going to be on that,? Khan
told the Daily Telegraph. ?I?m
assuming we will now be at least
going to the stage of doing some due
diligence. Some of the drama with the
roof, for example . . . all I know is what
I have read but I?d like to really
understand the angle [of the roof] and
how it doesn?t quite work.
?There are now all kinds of plastic
roofs so if you could do that you
could control the climate. With the
roof there are two sliding parts that
move but the rain can still come in
and if you are looking at a winter
concert, for example, would it be
comfortable for people??
Roma?s website. ?It?s not just an issue for Rome.
It?s an issue for Italy and it?s an issue for the
authorities and it?s an issue for all of [us] to band
together and to finally wake up so that we don?t
have a reputation ? that?s not deserved around
the rest of the world ? that our fans are not
good fans because our fans are the best fans in
the world ?it?s just a couple of f***ing morons
that take the rest of us down.?
Fair play, Gentleman Jim. A broader issue is at
play here for the image of the city that Pallotta
loves. Do Romans want to be associated with
hooligans like the ones who assaulted Se醤
Cox? Pallotta is right, all parties need to
congregate to confront the cancer inside.
If that means Roma as a club considering
properly the complex relationship with their
Ultras, then good. If that means the Carabinieri
conducting themselves with more thought
(maybe taking some lessons off the German
police, the best at controlling football crowds),
then good. About time.
Sadly, the English know it?s more than a
?couple of f***ing morons?. Ask Liverpool fans
stabbed there in 1984. Or 2001, when six felt
cold Roman steel. Liverpool supporters are the
innocents here, but also consider this. Some
understanding is required of the Italian mindset
from 1997 when England fans pissed in the Trevi
Fountain, assaulted locals by the Spanish Steps
Slimani?s charge could
end his Newcastle career
Islam Slimani could have played his
final game for Newcastle United after
being charged with violent conduct.
The 29-year-old striker, on loan from
Leicester City, has been charged by
the FA after appearing to kick out at
Craig Dawson, the West Bromwich
Albion defender, during Saturday?s 1-0
defeat at St James? Park.
David Coote, the referee, did not
see the incident and Slimani was not
punished at the time, but he faces a
three-match ban if he either admits or
is found guilty of the alleged offence.
and took to rearranging neighbouring towns.
Rome was not quite burning but those of us
there, cringing, embarrassed, understand
lingering local outrage. There?s previous.
On the night before Glenn Hoddle?s England
side got the point to qualify for France 98, I
headed into town with a couple of the more
enlightened FA officials (a slim field to be fair)
and saw how England fans disgraced
themselves.
?They gave themselves up to an orgy of beer,
their own sweat and the tears of others,? Il
Messaggero, the Roman paper, commented of
England fans. ?Naked torsos, strong tattoos.
Gorilla-style actions near the Spanish Steps.?
The next night, revenge-seeking Carabinieri
waded into England fans in the Stadio Olimpico.
So let?s face it. We?re not angels nationally.
Club-wise, though, the English are better
behaved but try telling that to Italian police.
Little sympathy is gathered locally. Do they
care? Ask the three Middlesbrough fans stabbed
in the Drunken Ship bar in Campo De? Fiori in
2006. Ask Manchester United fans ambushed
on Ponte Duca d?Aosta and on that deceptively
alluring avenue of Cypress Trees and Olympian
statues leading to the stadium in 2007.
Horrible trip, that. I walked back into town
with a photographer and a couple of United fans
and it was hardly a relaxing stroll round
Primrose Hill. And again, ask those Arsenal fans
on a besieged official bus in 2009.
Roma cannot be in denial and, in fairness to
Pallotta, he is aware of the perils for visiting
fans. His club consulted Liverpool on Monday
and they will have received sound advice.
One of Liverpool?s many shrewd moves in the
modern era is employing Tony Barrett, formerly
of this parish, to liaise with travelling supporters,
and Tony?s recent tweets make essential reading
about the right buses to Stadio Olimpico and
the areas for fans to avoid. Surprise, surprise,
followers of other clubs note how Liverpool and
Barrett operate, and beseech their club to follow
suit.
A step removed, slightly haughtily, is Uefa. It
is its gig. The European governing body should
be more accountable, more responsible, more on
the front foot. A trawl through Uefa?s handbook,
particularly Article 16 of the riveting
?Disciplinary Regulations, Edition 2017?,
confirms that ?host clubs and national
associations are responsible for order and
security both inside and around the stadium
before, during and after matches?. Trouble on
public thoroughfare outside grounds? Uefa? Not
us, guv.
So Roma fans can assault somebody on a road
yards from Anfield and it?s not Uefa?s concern.
How wrong is that? If Uefa effectively takes
control of stadia, branding it and owning it, it
should take total responsibility. If Roma fans
step out of line on Wednesday, Uefa should
punish them. Let?s hope the wise words of all
parties prevail.
Burnley fans who booed Bong unacceptable, says FA
The FA has condemned Burnley fans
who booed the Brighton & Hove
Albion defender Ga雝an Bong during
their Premier League game at Turf
Moor. Bong accused Jay Rodriguez,
the former Burnley player who is now
with West Bromwich Albion, of
racially abusing him during a match
in January. That charge was found
not proven but the FA said it was
?completely satisfied? the complaint
was ?made in absolute good faith?.
Bong was booed throughout
Brighton?s goalless draw on Saturday.
A statement read: ?The FA
considers the behaviour of some
supporters on Saturday towards
Ga雝an Bong to be unacceptable. It
needs repeating, following the recent
disciplinary matter, that there was no
suggestion by any party involved in
that case that the player made a
malicious or fabricated complaint.
?The FA takes all allegations of
discrimination extremely seriously
and continues to encourage all
participants who believe that they
have been the subject of or witness to
discriminatory abuse to report this
through the appropriate channels.?
60
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Tuesday May 1 2018 | the times
Sport Champions League
?Anfield was
painful but
now they have
to come here?
Radja Nainggolan explains to
Oliver Kay how Roma can
beat Liverpool tomorrow and
why he and his twin sister
chose to have tattoos in Elvish
?I
am a fighter,? Radja Nainggolan says, his
eyes narrowing, his tattooed biceps
bulging. He is sitting on a sofa at Roma?s
training ground, where he and his teammates have been plotting their
improbable bid to overturn Liverpool?s first-leg
advantage in the Champions League semi-final.
?Even I have to say it?s difficult,? he says, looking
ahead to tomorrow?s second leg at the Stadio
Olimpico, ?but it?s not impossible.?
Impossible is not a word that Nainggolan
believes in, not even after a 5-2 defeat at Anfield
last week. The Belgium midfielder was part of
the Roma team who overwhelmed Barcelona in
similar circumstances in the quarter-final ? 4-1
down from the first leg, but 3-0 winners in an
unforgettable return game at home, prevailing
on the away-goals rule. ?We did it against
Barcelona ? against [Lionel] Messi and [Luis]
Su醨ez ? and they barely had a shot all game,?
he says. ?That shows it?s possible.
?We?ll try to make another historic moment
like we did against Barcelona. We were sad in
the locker room after the game at Liverpool, but
the coach [Eusebio Di Francesco] said to us the
next day, ?We have to believe we can do it.?
That?s all we can do.?
Belief, combined with a
belligerent spirit, has taken
Nainggolan a long way. He
was not an archetypal
academy kid, presented with
a clear pathway to
stardom from a young
age. His backstory,
as a rare footballer
of Indonesian
heritage, is a
compelling one.
His tattoos
hint at part of the
story. Several of
them pay homage
to his mother,
Lizy, who died in
2010. Another is a
tribute to his twin
sister, Riana, who
lives with him and
his family on the
outskirts of Rome.
Nainggolan turns 30 o
on
Friday. In an unusual quirk,
his twin, who was born just
the other side of midnight,
reaches that milestone a
day earlier.
?She was born on the
third and I was born on
the fourth, so she?s my big
sister,? he says.
?But I?m her big brother. I look after her.?
The twins have tattoos bearing each other?s
name. They also have their mother?s name
tattooed in Elvish, the language from The Lord
of The Rings. ?To be honest, I haven?t even
watched one of those movies,? he says. ?It was
just because I preferred having it in a more
stylish way than the normal letters. But, yes, this
[pointing to his left wrist] is my mother?s name. I
have another on my back.?
Nainggolan wonders where he would have
ended up had he not had his mother to keep
him on the straight and narrow. His upbringing,
in a tough district of Antwerp, was far from
idyllic after their father, with serious gambling
debts, walked out, leaving the family in poverty.
?He went back to Indonesia,? Nainggolan says.
?It was so difficult for my mum, working so hard
with three different jobs to pay the bills every
month. I grew up on the streets, pretty much.
?We did have a home, but I was always on the
streets until late, always hanging around. I
wasn?t focused on school. I made some mistakes.
I took some things ? small things, let?s say,
when I needed to eat.
?I didn?t have the possibility to buy anything.
It wasn?t the best time of my life.?
Football offered a way out. His talent brought
him to the attention of Germinal Beerschot,
where Jan Vertonghen, Toby Alderweireld and
Mousa Demb閘�, all now at Tottenham Hotspur,
were among his contemporaries. That talented
trio were part of a production line that headed
to the Netherlands ? Vertonghen and
Alderweireld to Ajax,
Demb閘� to Willem II.
Nainggolan took the
road less travelled,
enticed, as a 17-year-old,
b
by Piacenza?s offer of a
ccontract worth ?1,400 a
month ? peanuts by the
standards of an elite
ffootballer, even in 2005,
b
but potentially lifecchanging for the
N
Nainggolan family.
?After six months I
wanted to come home
because it was so
d
difficult,? he says. ?It
w
was the different
language, the Italian mentality,
being away from my family. At
one stage I said to myself, ?OK,
maybe it?s better to go back.? But
w
when you want something in life
you have to be prepared to fight
ffor it. I changed my mind and
stayed. I?m happy I did that.?
Just as Nainggolan was making
tthe grade in Italy, though, his
m
mother died of cancer. ?It was so
h
hard, but it was even more difficult
ffor Riana,? he says. ?I was already in
Italy, away from home, becoming a
man, whereas my sister was at
home, still studying.
?My mum had always arranged
eeverything for her. Now she had
n
nothing. She had to study, had to
wash her clothes and everything else and it was
difficult. She?s still coming to terms with it now.?
Riana is also a footballer. She played for the
Roma women?s team last season. A similar type
of player? All raging intensity? ?No,? he laughs.
?She?s more a finesse player. She has good
technique, but not so powerful as me.
?She and her partner live with us. It?s a
different entrance, but the same building, under
my house. She?s all day in our house. It?s not
because we?re twins, it?s because when you?ve
had difficulties in your life, you want to help
each other. She?s trying to make her life and I?m
just trying to help give her the best life I can.?
There was a brief attempt to rebuild the
relationship with his estranged father. ?I met
him around 2013 when I was in Indonesia,? he
says, ?but afterwards it was just all about money,
so the contact stopped again.?
Was that painful? ?No, honestly, because I
didn?t even have the feeling I was missing him,?
he says.
?To me, it was just normal life, but with this
other person. I wanted to give him a chance but
he didn?t take it and for me it?s over again.?
The conversation moves back to football. Has
he ever been tempted to move to the Premier
League? ?My focus is on Roma,? he says.
?People have written something about me every
day for the past ten years, but I?m still here. Let
them talk. I have a very good life here,
everything I need.?
Didn?t Chelsea make a serious play in 2016?
?Chelsea, yes, that was something,? he says. ?It
wasn?t done, but they were interested in me.
?At the end of the day, the choice wasn?t that
difficult for me. I like English football, I love to
watch the English games too, but I?m almost 30
now. Starting over again? It?s difficult even to
think about that.
?And I hate the rain. We were in Liverpool
two days and it didn?t stop raining. It was cold
too. You see the difference to here??
How does he reflect on last Tuesday night at
Anfield? ?It was difficult for us,? he says. ?It was
the first Champions League semi-final for a lot
of our players and to lose 5-2 . . . they are so
quick on the attack and it?s difficult playing
against them because they?re all aggressive, they
all press high and they keep running like
the times | Tuesday May 1 2018
61
2G M
Sport
FRANCO ORIGLIA/GETTY IMAGES FOR THE TIMES
869
Champions League
minutes for Nainggolan
this season. Dzeko and
Kolarov are the only
Roma outfield
players with
more
11
Assists that Nainggolan
has in the Champions
League and Serie A
combined, more than
any other Roma
player
15
Chances that
Nainggolan has created
in Champions League.
Perotti has 17, the
most of any Roma
player
Tatt?s entertainment:
Nainggolan has his
mother?s name tattooed in
Elvish, the language used
in The Lord of The Rings.
He enjoyed the
atmosphere during the
first leg at Anfield, left,
but says that he is not
keen on a move to
England, largely because
of the wet weather
animals ? even in the 94th minute. I don?t
think Liverpool had what I would call fluid
actions, but they were playing the ball into
space. We made too many mistakes by leaving
space for them.?
Was it hard to see Mohamed Salah, his former
Roma team-mate, score twice?
?Mohamed Salah is a professional footballer,?
he says. ?He has to give his best for Liverpool.
Obviously I would prefer to have him in my
team, but I wish him all the best. I have a good
relationship with him. We exchange some
messages and we talked before the game.
?He was shy when he came here, but he?s a
good guy. I?m really happy for him for what he?s
doing. Obviously it was a bit painful that he
scored two wonderful goals against us, but he?s
an amazing player. He was already good over
here. Now he became even better.
?It was a great atmosphere at Anfield. You can
feel the people there live for the team. It?s not
like this in a lot of stadiums, but Liverpool have
to come to Rome now. I think they will expect
something similar. It?s difficult for us, despite the
two goals we scored, but not impossible.?
Fans warned hooligans
may target them today
Tom Kington Rome
Liverpool fans arriving in Rome a day
early to visit the city before their second
leg against Roma have been warned
that they face a greater danger of being
attacked by local hooligans than those
who arrive on matchday tomorrow.
Five thousand Liverpool fans are
expected to arrive in the city today and
tomorrow morning for the Champions
League semi-final.
Police, fearing clashes tomorrow
night similar to those before the game
at Anfield when a 53-year-old
Liverpool fan was left in a coma, will bus
visiting fans to the stadium under
supervision from a meeting point in the
Villa Borghese park.
Officials are keen to stop Liverpool
fans ?walking the bridge?, meaning
crossing the Duca d?Aosta bridge over
the Tiber to the Stadio Olimpico, where
British fans have been ambushed in the
past. ?These are two sets of fans who
don?t back down, so we have work to
do,? Giampietro Lionetti, the head of
the Rome special branch, said.
But with clashes unlikely outside the
stadium tomorrow, Liverpool fans will
be at risk if they arrive in small groups
today, when they will be vulnerable to
roving groups of hooligans known for
stabbing rivals in the buttocks ? a
rarely fatal, but bloody and humiliating
attack.
?Tuesday night is a flashpoint,? said
Maurizio Rosi, vice-president of the
Roma supporters? club in the city?s
historic Testaccio district. ?If fans go
out and are heard speaking English or
are wearing a Liverpool scarf, they
could be singled out,? Rosi, who
condemned the Anfield violence, said.
Alessandro Catapano, who follows
Roma for Gazzetta dello Sport, the
Italian newspaper, warned of the
dangers outside the Stadio Olimpico.
?Real violence at the stadium is difficult
but there could be small groups going
hunting for Liverpool fans on Tuesday
night ? that?s the danger moment,? he
said.
Police said yesterday that the two
men arrested for the attack on Se醤
Cox in Liverpool were members of the
so-called Fedayn, one of Roma?s groups
of Ultra fans who dominate the
southern end of their stadium.
A feared force in the 1970s and early
1980s when they were among the first
Ultra groups on the terraces in Rome,
the Fedayn started life as a left-wing
group who jousted for supremacy at the
stadium with the right-wing Boys
continued from back
Klopp?s loyal No 2 steps aside
when he signed a six-year extension to
his contract in the summer of 2016 that
Buvac and Krawietz were given the
same contract length. He has
previously given some of the proceeds
of his own commercial activities to the
two men who form his inner sanctum.
Buvac has operated above the level of
a normal assistant and Klopp has not
hidden the importance of the man six
years his senior. He is an intense character, one who has a fixed way of doing
things, and despite the progress on
the field there has been a change
behind the scenes.
In January, the highly rated Pep
Klopp and Buvac, right, have
worked together since they
were at Mainz 17 years ago
Advice for Liverpool fans
Ponte Milvio
Liverpool urge
fans to avoid bridge
Stadio
Olimpico
Ponte Duca
d?Aosta
Site of previous
attacks on
English fans
Areas to avoid
?Safe? areas
SS4
Villa Borghese
Away fans urged to
get buses to and from
stadium from here
500 metres
ROME
VATICAN
CITY
Termini Station
Fans advised to only
use this railway station
River
Tiber
Campo de?Fiori
Liverpool have suggested
fans meet here despite
previous attacks
Colosseum
Largo Corrado Ricci
Safe spot for supporters
before the game,
according to club advice
Circus Maximus
group, before their politics drifted to the
right. Much reduced in number, the
Fedayn now occupy the top left side of
the Curva Sud behind the goal, as seen
from the pitch.
?Today the main group which dominates the Curva Sud is the ?Roma?
ultras, who were at Anfield but didn?t
take part in the fight because they were
already in the stadium,? Catapano said.
?It?s not in their interest to provoke
violence because they do not want to
upset their ties to the club, which allow
them to bring banners and flares into
the stadium, nor do they want anything
upsetting the money they make from
organising flights and travel packages
for travelling fans,? he said.
The mob of Roma fans seen rampaging outside Anfield were ?cani sciolti?
? stray dogs, said Sergio Rosi, who
founded the Testaccio fans? club in 1978.
?These fans wanted to prove themselves against British fans to shake off
the reputation Roma fans have in Italy
for being cowards,? Catapano said.
During Roma?s home win over
Chievo on Saturday, there were chants
from the Curva Sud demanding the
release of the fans arrested in Liverpool,
and they were called ?Lions? on one fan
Facebook page. Maurizio Rosi blamed
Liverpool police for the attack. ?Roma
fans in Liverpool were left unprotected
and had things thrown at them so had
to form a group to defend themselves.
In a situation of urban warfare, a
survival instinct kicks in,? he said.
Italian police officials said that there
will be heavy police presence in Rome
tomorrow ? 1,000 officers at the stadium, and 500 extra police in the city.
?We have a different approach to law
enforcement,? a spokeswoman said.
Details of the policing were due to be
ironed out at a meeting last night that
UK police and Liverpool representatives were due to attend. Italian police
said that they had been warned of the
possible arrival of 30-40 Liverpool fans
?considered at risk?. They would be
flying into Rome?s two airports as well
as far north as Bergamo before taking a
train, they said.
Fans will be encouraged to
congregate at Largo Corrado Ricci ?
next to the Roman Forum ? and at the
Campo de? Fiori piazza. ?We advise fans
not to stray too far from these areas,?
the spokeswoman said. A ban on drinking in the street will be in force across
much of the city. From 3pm tomorrow
city buses will shuttle fans from a meeting point at Piazzale delle Canestre in
the Villa Borghese to the stadium.
At the Drunken Ship pub in Campo
de? Fiori, Alessio Ciannella, the owner,
said that it would be open, despite
Italian hooligans trashing the pub in
2012 when they stormed in throwing
smoke bombs to attack Spurs fans,
leaving 13 injured and one English fan
fighting for his life after a near-fatal
stabbing. ?This time we hope the police
will be here to defend Campo de? Fiori,?
Ciannella said.
Lijnders departed the first-team set-up
to join NEC Nijmegen, the Dutch club,
while Andy Renshaw, head of physiotherapy,
left
the
club
last
October. There have been continued
discussions since on how to restructure
the medical department.
In addition, Steven Gerrard, the
club?s under-18s coach, has been in talks
with Rangers about becoming their
manager.
Still, there will be a sense of unease at
the uncertainty over Buvac among
supporters and concern that history is
repeating itself.
G閞ard Houllier won a cup treble in
2001, including the Uefa Cup, but lost
Patrice Bergues, his assistant, who
returned to France. The club were
unable to maintain the same level of
progress.
In 2007, weeks after Liverpool?s
Champions League final defeat by AC
Milan, Pako Ayestar醤, the assistant
manager, quit after falling out with
Rafa Ben韙ez.
Ayestar醤 was perceived as
crucial to the club?s success under
Ben韙ez and Liverpool never
managed to replicate the heights
they reached together in the years
after his departure.
62
2G M
Tuesday May 1 2018 | the times
Sport Premier League
Kane?s persistence
pays off to keep
Salah in his sights
Tottenham
Alli 16, Kane 48
Watford
James Gheerbrant
2
0
2
1
0
How they stand
P
Man City (C).......35
Man United ........ 35
Liverpool ............. 36
Tottenham...........35
Chelsea.................35
Arsenal ................. 35
Burnley.................36
Everton.................36
Leicester .............. 35
Newcastle............35
Crystal Palace....36
Bournemouth....36
Watford................36
Brighton...............35
West Ham...........35
Huddersfield.......35
Swansea...............35
Southampton.....35
Stoke.....................36
West Brom ......... 36
W
30
24
20
21
20
17
14
13
11
11
9
9
10
8
8
9
8
6
6
5
D
3
5
12
8
6
6
12
9
11
8
11
11
8
13
11
8
9
14
12
13
L F
2102
6 67
4 80
6 68
9 60
12 67
10 35
14 42
13 49
16 35
16 41
16 42
18 42
14 32
16 43
18 27
18 27
15 35
18 32
18 30
A
26
27
37
31
34
48
32
54
52
44
54
60
62
47
67
56
52
54
65
54
GD Pts
76 93
40 77
43 72
37 71
26 66
19 57
3 54
-12 48
-3 44
-9 41
-13 38
-18 38
-20 38
-15 37
-24 35
-29 35
-25 33
-19 32
-33 30
-24 28
Big week for Tottenham Hotspur: their
temporary home may be on the market
to the tune of �0 million, but their
patch in the prime real estate of the top
four looks safe for another year. This
vital win gave Mauricio Pochettino?s
side a five-point cushion in fourth with
three games remaining, making it likely
that Chelsea will end this season with
their noses pressed up against the glass.
In fact, Tottenham will overtake
Liverpool into third if they win their
remaining games, and yet the sense was
not entirely dispelled of a team slowing,
Remaining fixtures in
rather than cruising triumphantly, into
bid to finish in top four
the finishing straight.
Liverpool
At the centre of this match was a
Sunday Chelsea (a), 4.30pm. May 13
paradoxical performance by Harry
Brighton & Hove Albion (h), 3pm.
Kane, who scored his 27th goal of the
league season yet did not resemble his
Tottenham Hotspur
usual high-class, predatory self. He
Saturday West Bromwich Albion (a),
netted once; he could easily have had
3pm. May 9 Newcastle United (h),
four, and unless Gareth Southgate was
8pm. May 13 Leicester City (h), 3pm.
watching through rose-tinted specs in
the posh seats, he will have departed
Chelsea
with the sense that all is still not entirely
Sunday Liverpool (h), 4.30pm. May
right with England?s talisman.
9 Huddersfield Town (h), 7.45pm.
?He needs to improve his performMay 13 Newcastle United (a), 3pm.
ance still,? Pochettino admitted. ?It?s a
mix of a lot of different things.
?It wasn?t a great period for him, the
last few weeks. But with the help of
Still chasing the Egyptian
everyone, now he?s doing well ? 150
games in the Premier League, 105 goals,
Leading goalscorers
it?s fantastic.?
all competitions
Spring is usually when Kane bursts
43.............Mohamed Salah (Liverpool)
into flower. In the past two league
38.....................Harry Kane (Tottenham)
seasons, the striker has managed nine
30..................Sergio Ag黣ro (Man City)
and 12 goals respectively from March
onwards. This season however, perhaps
Premier League only
hampered by the effects of an ankle
31................................................................Salah
injury, perhaps burdened by the weight
27................................................................Kane
of a thousand memes generated by his
21...........................................................Ag黣ro
insistence on claiming that goal against
Stoke City, his vernal verve has been
slow to take effect, with two goals in
outswinger. Christian Kabasele was
eight matches coming into this game.
Kane?s rustiness was evident early on, poised to mop up but Orestis Karnezis
called him off and then spilled the ball
as the ball dropped to
at the feet of
him in the box after
Christian Eriksen,
Watford failed to
Making an impression:
w
who
squared for
clear their lines,
Alli celebrates his goal in
Dele Alli to sweep
but his normallyy
a display that will have
i
into
the unguarded
clinical touch wass
pleased Southgate
n
net.
off and the chancee
Watford had an
disappeared.
o
opportunity
to strike
Southgate, who hass
b
back.
Eric Dier played a
49 days left to cross offf
c
careless
pass that was
his
calendar
beforee
p
iintercepted
by
蓆ienne
England?s World Cup
d
C
Capoue, who slid a perfect
opener, must have sighed
tthrough-ball into the run of Andre
inwardly.
G
Gray.
Hugo Lloris got down well to
Richarlison was then guilty
save Gray?s first-time shot and cover
of a similar error, tripping
D
Dier?s
mistake. At that point, Southover his feet when an opening
gate must have been suppressing the
presented itself. An end-ofinstinct to avert his gaze.
season slackness was perOne Englishman who was enjoymeating the game, and
ing a fine first half was a player
when the first goal arrived,
Southgate knows well ? Will
it originated from a mistake.
Hughes, a trusted lieutenant of his
Kieran Trippier is one of the
England Under-21 squad. His
best crossers in the Premier
excellent backheel released
League but there was no
Abdoulaye Doucour�, trundling
particular venom on his
into the penalty area with intent, but
the Frenchman took one touch too
many as he tried to find space, and
Lloris saved his shot through traffic.
Watford were creating plenty, in
defiance of their wretched form under
Javi Gracia. A pin-sharp pass from Gray
released Richarlison, whose fierce
angled shot was beaten away by Lloris.
After some recent criticism, the France
No 1 was having an outstanding game.
Tottenham?s lead did not look secure
at half-time, but after the interval they
doubled it quickly. Alli?s superb pass
released Son Heung-min, but when the
South Korean?s centre arrived at Kane?s
feet in the six-yard box, the striker
slipped over. But just as a nation?s
fingers hovered above the ?Send tweet?
button, Kane got back to his feet,
cleverly peeled away from his man and
converted Trippier?s pinpoint centre
from the other side.
Here you had to applaud Kane: if
resilience is a hallmark of great strikers,
then picking himself back up after
falling down ? literally and
metaphorically ? was not a bad way to
demonstrate it. That goal closed the gap
on Mohamed Salah to four in the race
for the golden boot, yet before the night
was out Kane could have halved the
remaining deficit.
Minutes later, Jan Vertonghen?s
header cannoned back off the post and
fell kindly for him, but he could not
react quickly enough and the ball went
under his foot.
Watford were missing gilt-edged
chances of their own. Richarlison,
statistically one of the most profligate
players in the league this season, found
a pocket of space on the edge of the sixyard box but could only thrash Troy
Deeney?s knockdown over the bar.
Kane continued to get into good
positions, but was still bedevilled by the
missing second part of his goalscoring
genius ? cold-blooded precision.
When Alli?s clever pass to a marauding
Vertonghen created a two-on-one, all
Kane had to do was stay onside, but he
fractionally mistimed his run and
found his celebrations correctly
curtailed by the linesman?s flag.
For Tottenham, it was enough. For
Watford, Gracia?s bounce has well and
truly worn off: they have now taken two
points from their past seven matches,
and are ending the season in a familiar
state of apathy and inertia.
For Southgate? A mixed report. Alli
was clinical and composed, and
Trippier excelled too. As for Kane,
Pochettino promised: ?He is strong
physically and mentally and I?m sure
he?s going to arrive in a very good
condition to play the World Cup.? A
nation needs its star striker to spring
back into top form before the summer.
Tottenham Hotspur (4-2-3-1): H Lloris 8 ? K Trippier 7,
D S醤chez 6, J Vertonghen 8, B Davies 6 ? E Dier 6,
M Demb閘� 5 (sub: V Wanyama 63min, 6) ? C Eriksen 6,
D Alli 7 (sub: � Lamela 82), Son Heung-min 6
(sub: M Sissoko 74) ? H Kane 6. Substitutes not used
M Vorm, T Alderweireld, S Aurier, L Moura. Booked
Wanyama.
Watford (4-2-3-1): O Karnezis 4 ? A Mariappa 5,
C Cathcart 5, C Kabasele 6, J Holebas 6 ? � Capoue 6,
A Doucour� 6 ? K Femenia 6 (sub: G Deulofeu 64, 6),
W Hughes 7 (sub: A Carrillo 83), Richarlison 5 ? A Gray
6 (sub: T Deeney 64, 6). Substitutes not used: H Gomes,
D Janmaat, M Britos, J Sinclair.
Referee M Oliver.
Striker slips at crucial moment
1
2
4
Son crosses for Kane, circled, from the left (1) but the striker slips over (2) and
Tony Cascarino?s
talking points
Uneasy partners
Demb閘�s deficiency
Toby Alderweireld?s lack of fitness
this season has allowed Jan
Vertonghen and Davinson S醤chez
time to build a partnership in
Tottenham?s central defence but I
don?t think it has worked well.
Vertonghen and his fellow Belgian
Alderweireld are almost telepathic but
there is little understanding between
this pairing. Time and again opposing
teams have broken clear and Watford
might have scored one or two last
night. S醤chez is young and has had a
decent season but he has often been
caught out because he does not know
when to stay or go. Vertonghen looks
uncomfortable alongside him.
Mousa Demb閘� gets a lot of praise,
and I understand that, but I wonder
whether the Tottenham midfielder?s
all-round contribution is enough. His
whole game is built on his strength
and his ability to rob opposing
players, shrugging them off the ball in
congested areas of central midfield.
But there are other players in the
Premier League who can do that
while offering an attacking threat.
This season the Belgian has not
recorded a goal or assist in the
Premier League, whereas
Fernandinho, in a similar role for
Manchester City, has four goals and
three assists.
the times | Tuesday May 1 2018
63
2G M
Sport
? then gets up to score from Trippier?s cross
GLYN KIRK/AFP/GETTY IMAGES; SKY SPORTS; TOTTENHAM HOTSPUR FC VIA GETTY
IMAGES
continued from back
Moyes bust-up with Carroll
appeared to storm down the tunnel.
Moyes said after the game that he
would seek an explanation from Carroll
for leaving the bench while his teammates were still playing and sought out
the striker at the training ground
yesterday.
The nine-cap England striker is
believed to have reacted badly to his
manager?s perceived criticism, and
while there was no physical element to
their exchange a heated conversation
ended with Carroll being asked to leave
the training ground. It is unclear
whether he is expected to return for
training today.
Moyes is expected to take
disciplinary action against Carroll for
his show of dissent with a fine of two
weeks? wages the most likely outcome,
while his involvement in Saturday?s
potentially crucial visit to Leicester
City is in question.
West Ham still need points to stave
off the threat of relegation as they are
only three points better off than thirdbottom Southampton having failed to
win any of their past four matches, with
this weekend?s trip to the King Power
Stadium followed by home games
3
against Manchester United and
Everton.
Carroll has only just returned to
Moyes?s squad after four months out
with an ankle injury, but has made a
potentially significant contribution to
West Ham?s battle to stay up by coming
off the bench to score a stoppage-time
equaliser to earn a 1-1 draw against
Stoke City, their fellow strugglers, last
month.
Carroll?s game time since the start of
January has been limited to four minutes against Stoke and a further four
minutes six days later against
Arsenal. However, with Moyes wanting
to make wholesale changes for the final
quarter against City on Sunday, he
was not considered fit enough for the
remainder of the match. West Ham
made Carroll available for transfer in
January, with Chelsea expressing an
interest in taking him on loan before
the extent of his ankle problem became
more widely known, and his future at
the club remains in doubt.
Although his own contract expires at
the end of the season, Moyes is
expected to be offered an extension if
he keeps West Ham in the Premier
League, with The Times revealing last
month that the Scot has been allowed
to veto the club?s plans to bring in a new
director of football.
Exclusive Times+ event with
Roy Hodgson
Join the former England manager, now in
charge at Crystal Palace, on Friday, May 18 for
an evening in London to discuss the big issues
facing England in Russia. Times football writers
Tony Cascarino, Alyson Rudd, and Matt
Dickinson will be part of the panel
discussion with less than a month to
go
g before the big kick-off in Moscow
To book tickets, go to mytimesplus.co.uk
the ball rolls past him. However, he gets back up as Trippier fires the ball back in (3) and is there to stroke the ball home (4)
Watford impress
Southgate has reason to fret over forward
On last night?s performance,
especially in the first half, I don?t
know how Watford have not already
secured their Premier League status
for next season. They should be much
further up the table than they are in
13th place. They picked a very athletic
line-up against Tottenham and were
unlucky not to get more out of the
game having wasted several decent
opportunities. Abdoulaye Doucour�
was bombing on from midfield and
Richarlison and Andre Gray also
provided pace, which troubled the
shaky Tottenham back line. Watford
are an unusual club who are happy
to change their manager whenever
there is a sniff of something going
wrong, and it?s hard to secondguess what they will do, so Javi
Gracia can never rest easy in the
manager?s chair. But I don?t see that
much wrong with them at the
moment.
Gareth Southgate had every reason to
be worried last night as he watched
Harry Kane struggling to make an
impact in the first half, so the
England manager will hope that the
striker?s goal after the interval can
spark a revival before the summer.
You do not want to be going into a
World Cup with your main goalscorer
so out of sorts. Kane had only scored
twice in his previous nine
appearances for Tottenham ? and
one was that phantom goal against
Stoke City and the strike against
Brighton & Hove Albion that was the
result of an opposition mistake. This
season people were calling
Tottenham the Harry Kane team but
they have been anything but that
recently. It?s really been his first big
loss of form since he rose to
prominence three seasons ago. One
big concern has been how Kane has
struggled to get off the ground, a big
Fellaini demands pay rise
Paul Hirst
Kane contrives to take an air shot
surprise when you remember how he
rose so brilliantly to head the winner
against Arsenal in February. Several
times a Watford defender nipped in
front of him to win possession as
Kane waited for the ball and on many
occasions a poor touch let him down.
I assume he is not 100 per cent fit yet
after the ankle injury that he suffered
against Bournemouth in March.
Manchester United will hold their
latest round of contract talks with
Marouane Fellaini this week as the
midfielder tries to persuade the club to
hand him a new two-year deal worth
more than �0,000 per week.
Jos� Mourinho said after Fellaini?s
match-winning header against Arsenal
on Sunday that the Belgian was ?almost
there? in terms of agreeing a new deal.
The Times understands negotiations
are far from over, however. United
offered Fellaini a one-year deal, with
the option of a further year that could
only be activated by the club, but the
30-year-old ? who earns about
�,000 a week ? wants at least two
more years and a pay rise.
Mourinho is keen to keep the
Belgium midfielder, who has offers
from Galatasaray and Besiktas and
from China. Several Premier League
clubs have also contacted Fellaini?s
representatives to enquire about his
status, but the player wants to stay at
United,
particularly
now
that
Mourinho has committed his future to
the club by signing a new contract.
However, if the sides cannot agree a
deal, he will leave on a free transfer at
the end of June.
?I believe he will stay,? Mourinho
said. ?He?s a good player and he can be
used in many different circumstances,
according to the nature of the game.?
Romelu Lukaku has received positive
news about his chances of playing in the
FA Cup final against Chelsea. The
striker injured an ankle during the 2-1
win over Arsenal, but initial tests
conducted yesterday showed that the
problem was not serious. He will
undergo further tests today but is hopeful of playing at Wembley on May 19.
Tuesday May 1 2018 | the times
2G M
Sport
Owen Slot
England have moral duty to
compensate retired flanker
Sports newspaper of the year
Rugby union, page 57
TIMES PHOTOGRAPHER MARC ASPLAND
Klopp splits
from coach
after 17 years
Paul Joyce
Northern Football Correspondent
Liverpool?s preparations for their
biggest Champions League game in a
decade have been disrupted after
J黵gen Klopp?s trusted assistant Zeljko
Buvac stood down from first-team
duties.
Buvac, the man Klopp calls ?The
Brain?, will not be on today?s flight to
Rome for their semi-final, second-leg
tie with Roma tomorrow, and will not
be involved for the rest of the season.
The timing of the decision to suspend
their longstanding working relationship seems extraordinary ? Liverpool
lead the Italians 5-2 and are on the cusp
of reaching the final ? but was reached
by mutual accord at the weekend.
Liverpool cited personal reasons,
which are understood to be work-related, and said that Buvac?s long-term
position at Anfield was not affected,
opening the door for him to return to
first-team duties at a later date.
Whether the split proves temporary or
permanent, it remains a dramatic
development at a pivotal period.
Buvac has become increasingly
distant and withdrawn around the club
and has been visibly less engaged
during recent matches. The matter
came to a head after the stalemate with
Stoke City on Saturday, and Liverpool?s
players were informed at training a
day after that he would be stepping
back.
How much upheaval it will cause is
open to debate. The situation has been
building for some time and the club?s
surge to the brink of their first
Champions League final since 2007 has
continued regardless.
The decision appears to have been
taken for the good of the club, with
Klopp recognising that his assistant
manager was not as engaged as in the
past and opting to tackle the matter
even at such a crucial time.
Klopp must wait to see whether
Buvac wants to return ? any previous
friction in their careers has been
resolved ? but it is clear that their
relationship is at a crossroads.
The pair were team-mates at Mainz
and struck a pact that whoever went
into management first would take the
other with them. The transition of
Klopp from player to coach at Mainz in
2001 made good the agreement and
they have worked together ever since,
enjoying
success
at
Borussia
Dortmund and arriving at Liverpool in
October 2015. Peter Krawietz ? ?The
Eyes? ? completes the triumvirate, but
it is Buvac who carried the most
influence and was central to all work
done on the training pitch.
When Klopp missed the Premier
League game against Sunderland in
February 2016 because of an appendix
operation, it was Buvac who took the
reins. During matches, he was heavily
involved in which substitutions took
place and at what stage of a game.
Klopp and Krawietz will take on
Buvac?s responsibilities, although that
has been the case for a while. It had
previously been unthinkable to
consider Klopp or Buvac working
without the other.
The Liverpool manager insisted
Continued on page 61
Times Crossword 27,026
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Moyes bust-up
with Carroll
Matt Hughes
Deputy Football Correspondent
Andy Carroll was sent home early from
West Ham United?s training ground
yesterday after a heated exchange with
David Moyes, his manager.
The pair are understood to have
clashed at the club?s Rush Green centre
after Moyes questioned the striker over
why he left the substitutes? bench and
returned to the dressing room during
the second half of West Ham?s 4-1 defeat
by Manchester City on Sunday.
Carroll appeared to be angry at being
ignored when Moyes made a triple
substitution in the 66th minute at the
London Stadium, with television
cameras
clearly
showing
his
displeasure.
The 29-year-old left the substitutes?
bench without seeking Moyes?s
permission shortly afterwards and
Continued on page 63
Programmes
under threat
Martyn Ziegler Chief Sports Reporter
Kane and Spurs back on track
Striker sees off Watford as 2-0 win boosts bid for top-four place, pages 62-63
across
down
1 Like a ?lm perhaps lacking
audience (2,6)
5 Solid eggs almost smashed (6)
8 One?s charged over breaking into
home (3)
9 Writer?s material still to be read out
(10)
10 Foreign accents, not English,
retaining appeal and a dignity (8)
11 Letter and article to develop orally
(6)
12 Single room where Arabs dwell (4)
14 Empty blowlamp ?lled by one
craftsman joining sides (10)
17 What?s on TV, top sportsperson (10)
20 Brand leaders for sales, effectively,
and retailing (4)
23 Pounds, a single one of them in
cash (6)
24 Carpet?s a beauty, laid over a day
(8)
25 Lace pants put on along with
lingerie offering light support (10)
26 Getting in round, not drinking
drink (3)
27 Sparkling imitation of German
composer university released (6)
28 Fox to show increasing savagery (8)
1 Fishy product gets stored by
schooner, say (9)
2 Depressed politician given cold
welcome (7)
3 Service provided in range (6)
4 Manager is spreading president?s
policies (9)
5 Aussie native behind tailless bird
(7)
6 Dairy product?s around jug where
drinks come from (9)
7 Yacht is travelling around ancient
region (7)
13 Island city raised with old money
(3,6)
15 Willing to clothe daughter liable to
get changed (9)
16 Leading light, note, playing short
on pitch (5,4)
18 Broadcast about boring building
style seen in Barnet (7)
19 Cleaner scrubbing US city strip (7)
21 Was Sierra left outside? (7)
22 Really, place in Africa is African (6)
Several English football clubs have
called for the requirement to produce
matchday programmes for each game
to be lifted.
The English Football League said
that the clubs wanted the rules to be
changed because of rising costs and
easy access to information on social
media. A vote will be held at their
annual meeting next month.
Programmes date back to the 19th
century and rare items have been sold
at auction for tens of thousands of
pounds. Many fans still collect them.
Malcolm Clarke, chairman of the
Football Supporters? Federation, said
that there had been no consultation
from the EFL and he would bring the
issue up at a meeting this month.
Clarke told The Times: ?My personal
Continued on page 58
Yesterday?s solution 27,025
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ply too powerful for
their north London opponents. The
game was effectively over after Billy
Gilmour struck in the 11th minute after
a Arsenal had failed to clear.
Jo鉶 Virginia, the Arsenal goalkeeper, had to keep out shots from Juan
Castillo, the Dutch midfielder, before
finally getting beaten again early in the
second half by Hudson-Odoi.
The goalscorer then scythed open
the Arsenal defence to feed Tino
Anjorin, who slotted home, before
showing impressive composure in the
area to turn his shot past Virginia.
the programmes now is much higher
than it used to be.?
The most expensive programme
sold at auction is the oldest-surviving
one for an FA Cup final ? Blackburn
Rovers v Old Etonians in 1882. It was
bought in 2013 for �,000.
The EFL said: ?At its summer
meeting in June, EFL clubs will vote on
a proposal that will determine whether
or not it is an absolute requirement to
produce a match programme from the
start of season 2018-19.?
the times | Tuesday May 1 2018
59
2G M
Football Sport
Henry Winter
Chief Football Writer
Uefa deserves blame if Rome burns
A
ANDREW YATES/AFP/GETTY IMAGES
nd so to Rome. We can leave it to
clever sociologists in genteel
seminars to debate what drives
nihilists and nutters to violence at
football (here are some clues for free:
alienation, anger, access and adrenaline rush
and those are just the As) but those heading to
Rome, the city of breadknives and circuses,
must confront the very real problem with Roma
in the quivering flesh right now.
For those en route to the Stadio Olimpico, an
assault course stretches across Ponte Duca
d?Aosta. English fans have been stabbed and
chased on this brutal bridge over the Tiber.
Those of us in the media game travelling back
post-match are inevitably wary and 2007 with
Manchester United was certainly unpleasant.
So forget academics and columnists in their
ivory towers. They are not in Rome, not in the
fray, not in the know.
Those there have to unite to fight the enemy
within. Fans, clubs, staff and authorities in
England and Italy must combine to cleanse the
stain on the game, some of it blood-stained.
Uefa, too often too cowardly, must wake up too.
But who exactly is responsible for the
malevolent minority ruining it for others?
Society or the greatest game? Clubs or
governing bodies? All of them. First of all, some
perspective is required on Rome, a city more
eternal than infernal.
This columnist is inevitably biased, having
been based in Rome during Italia 90, loving the
hospitality, even big-hearted gestures like the
landlady of a tiny, rented room near the
Colosseum insisting on pressing all my clothes
so I returned home looking vaguely presentable
after a visit to her beloved, stylish country. She
was that proud, that friendly, and one does not
forget the kindness of strangers lightly.
So let?s hope the 5,000 Liverpool fans
descending on Italy enjoy regal, papal Rome,
marvelling at the breathtaking Gallery of Maps
which the naive blindly ignore as they hurry
impatiently to the Sistine Chapel. So let?s hope
they pause to absorb the glory of St Peter?s,
which I was first privileged to appreciate early
one morning in August 1978 to pay my respects
to the late Pope Paul VI who was lying in state,
an extraordinary experience ? and I?m not
Catholic.
These are serious, special places. So let us not
trash Rome in our minds. One of the myriad
joys of football is the opportunity to travel and
engage and understand better, broadening
horizons, a particularly pertinent issue in the
age of Brexit. Rome is epic. So let?s trust that the
Liverpool fans feel free to explore Rome,
clambering all over the Colosseum, ascending
the Spanish Steps and adding to the ?3,000
thrown daily into the Trevi Fountain. And then
carry on to the Stadio Olimpico safely without
being waylaid.
And consider this: on Liverpool?s extensive
travels this season, taking in Germany, Spain,
Familiar scene: United supporters suffered injuries at the hands of Roma hooligans 11 years ago
Russia, Slovenia, Portugal, and Manchester, not
one travelling fan has been arrested. Not one. So
the scrutiny now falls all on Rome. A valid
starting point in all this debate is the outpouring
from Jim Pallotta, Roma?s president, about what
befell Se醤 Cox, the Liverpool fan set upon by a
group of visiting supporters outside Anfield
before last Tuesday?s first leg of the Champions
League semi-final.
Pallotta raged against ?a few stupid people?
[who] destroy our history and they attack our
legacy and I?m tired of it?. Well, agreed, Rome is
certainly far more a tourist haven than the war
zone as depicted by some, but Pallotta has to
acknowledge that it is more than ?a few stupid
people?. His club have a problem. His city has a
problem.
Away from the silver screen, there?s always
been a seamy side to ?La Dolce Vita?, trouble
spewing from the suburbs. Just because Rome is
so thrilling, doesn?t mean it?s not threatening in
certain areas. But this is the issue. Where does a
social problem become a stadium problem?
Where?s the line? Does Pallotta have control
over the knife-wielding scooterati on Ponte
Duca d?Aosta? No. Should Pallotta?s club be
expected to patrol a bridge a sharpened stone?s
throw from the ground? No.
So listen closer to Pallotta as he decries the
filth within in his plea to fans broadcast via
Wembley could get a roof if Khan deal goes through
Shahid Khan will investigate the
possibility of installing a fully
retractable roof at Wembley if his
proposed �0 million purchase of
the national stadium from the FA
goes ahead. There have been
considerable problems with leaks
from the roof and repair work could
take several years.
?You would want to put in whatever
investment is needed to make it the
state-of-the-art global destination
venue it should be and obviously our
focus is going to be on that,? Khan
told the Daily Telegraph. ?I?m
assuming we will now be at least
going to the stage of doing some due
diligence. Some of the drama with the
roof, for example . . . all I know is what
I have read but I?d like to really
understand the angle [of the roof] and
how it doesn?t quite work.
?There are now all kinds of plastic
roofs so if you could do that you
could control the climate. With the
roof there are two sliding parts that
move but the rain can still come in
and if you are looking at a winter
concert, for example, would it be
comfortable for people??
Roma?s website. ?It?s not just an issue for Rome.
It?s an issue for Italy and it?s an issue for the
authorities and it?s an issue for all of [us] to band
together and to finally wake up so that we don?t
have a reputation ? that?s not deserved around
the rest of the world ? that our fans are not
good fans because our fans are the best fans in
the world ?it?s just a couple of f***ing morons
that take the rest of us down.?
Fair play, Gentleman Jim. A broader issue is at
play here for the image of the city that Pallotta
loves. Do Romans want to be associated with
hooligans like the ones who assaulted Se醤
Cox? Pallotta is right, all parties need to
congregate to confront the cancer inside.
If that means Roma as a club considering
properly the complex relationship with their
Ultras, then good. If that means the Carabinieri
conducting themselves with more thought
(maybe taking some lessons off the German
police, the best at controlling football crowds),
then good. About time.
Sadly, the English know it?s more than a
?couple of f***ing morons?. Ask Liverpool fans
stabbed there in 1984. Or 2001, when six felt
cold Roman steel. Liverpool supporters are the
innocents here, but also consider this. Some
understanding is required of the Italian mindset
from 1997 when England fans pissed in the Trevi
Fountain, assaulted locals by the Spanish Steps
Slimani?s charge could
end his Newcastle career
Islam Slimani could have played his
final game for Newcastle United after
being charged with violent conduct.
The 29-year-old striker, on loan from
Leicester City, has been charged by
the FA after appearing to kick out at
Craig Dawson, the West Bromwich
Albion defender, during Saturday?s 1-0
defeat at St James? Park.
David Coote, the referee, did not
see the incident and Slimani was not
punished at the time, but he faces a
three-match ban if he either admits or
is found guilty of the alleged offence.
and took to rearranging neighbouring towns.
Rome was not quite burning but those of us
there, cringing, embarrassed, understand
lingering local outrage. There?s previous.
On the night before Glenn Hoddle?s England
side got the point to qualify for France 98, I
headed into town with a couple of the more
enlightened FA officials (a slim field to be fair)
and saw how England fans disgraced
themselves.
?They gave themselves up to an orgy of beer,
their own sweat and the tears of others,? Il
Messaggero, the Roman paper, commented of
England fans. ?Naked torsos, strong tattoos.
Gorilla-style actions near the Spanish Steps.?
The next night, revenge-seeking Carabinieri
waded into England fans in the Stadio Olimpico.
So let?s face it. We?re not angels nationally.
Club-wise, though, the English are better
behaved but try telling that to Italian police.
Little sympathy is gathered locally. Do they
care? Ask the three Middlesbrough fans stabbed
in the Drunken Ship bar in Campo De? Fiori in
2006. Ask Manchester United fans ambushed
on Ponte Duca d?Aosta and on that deceptively
alluring avenue of Cypress Trees and Olympian
statues leading to the stadium in 2007.
Horrible trip, that. I walked back into town
with a photographer and a couple of United fans
and it was hardly a relaxing stroll round
Primrose Hill. And again, ask those Arsenal fans
on a besieged official bus in 2009.
Roma cannot be in denial and, in fairness to
Pallotta, he is aware of the perils for visiting
fans. His club consulted Liverpool on Monday
and they will have received sound advice.
One of Liverpool?s many shrewd moves in the
modern era is employing Tony Barrett, formerly
of this parish, to liaise with travelling supporters,
and Tony?s recent tweets make essential reading
about the right buses to Stadio Olimpico and
the areas for fans to avoid. Surprise, surprise,
followers of other clubs note how Liverpool and
Barrett operate, and beseech their club to follow
suit.
A step removed, slightly haughtily, is Uefa. It
is its gig. The European governing body should
be more accountable, more responsible, more on
the front foot. A trawl through Uefa?s handbook,
particularly Article 16 of the riveting
?Disciplinary Regulations, Edition 2017?,
confirms that ?host clubs and national
associations are responsible for order and
security both inside and around the stadium
before, during and after matches?. Trouble on
public thoroughfare outside grounds? Uefa? Not
us, guv.
So Roma fans can assault somebody on a road
yards from Anfield and it?s not Uefa?s concern.
How wrong is that? If Uefa effectively takes
control of stadia, branding it and owning it, it
should take total responsibility. If Roma fans
step out of line on Wednesday, Uefa should
punish them. Let?s hope the wise words of all
parties prevail.
Burnley fans who booed Bong unacceptable, says FA
The FA has condemned Burnley fans
who booed the Brighton & Hove
Albion defender Ga雝an Bong during
their Premier League game at Turf
Moor. Bong accused Jay Rodriguez,
the former Burnley player who is now
with West Bromwich Albion, of
racially abusing him during a match
in January. That charge was found
not proven but the FA said it was
?completely satisfied? the complaint
was ?made in absolute good faith?.
Bong was booed throughout
Brighton?s goalless draw on Saturday.
A statement read: ?The FA
considers the behaviour of some
supporters on Saturday towards
Ga雝an Bong to be unacceptable. It
needs repeating, following the recent
disciplinary matter, that there was no
suggestion by any party involved in
that case that the player made a
malicious or fabricated complaint.
?The FA takes all allegations of
discrimination extremely seriously
and continues to encourage all
participants who believe that they
have been the subject of or witness to
discriminatory abuse to report this
through the appropriate channels.?
60
2G M
Tuesday May 1 2018 | the times
Sport Champions League
?Anfield was
painful but
now they have
to come here?
Radja Nainggolan explains to
Oliver Kay how Roma can
beat Liverpool tomorrow and
why he and his twin sister
chose to have tattoos in Elvish
?I
am a fighter,? Radja Nainggolan says, his
eyes narrowing, his tattooed biceps
bulging. He is sitting on a sofa at Roma?s
training ground, where he and his teammates have been plotting their
improbable bid to overturn Liverpool?s first-leg
advantage in the Champions League semi-final.
?Even I have to say it?s difficult,? he says, looking
ahead to tomorrow?s second leg at the Stadio
Olimpico, ?but it?s not impossible.?
Impossible is not a word that Nainggolan
believes in, not even after a 5-2 defeat at Anfield
last week. The Belgium midfielder was part of
the Roma team who overwhelmed Barcelona in
similar circumstances in the quarter-final ? 4-1
down from the first leg, but 3-0 winners in an
unforgettable return game at home, prevailing
on the away-goals rule. ?We did it against
Barcelona ? against [Lionel] Messi and [Luis]
Su醨ez ? and they barely had a shot all game,?
he says. ?That shows it?s possible.
?We?ll try to make another historic moment
like we did against Barcelona. We were sad in
the locker room after the game at Liverpool, but
the coach [Eusebio Di Francesco] said to us the
next day, ?We have to believe we can do it.?
That?s all we can do.?
Belief, combined with a
belligerent spirit, has taken
Nainggolan a long way. He
was not an archetypal
academy kid, presented with
a clear pathway to
stardom from a young
age. His backstory,
as a rare footballer
of Indonesian
heritage, is a
compelling one.
His tattoos
hint at part of the
story. Several of
them pay homage
to his mother,
Lizy, who died in
2010. Another is a
tribute to his twin
sister, Riana, who
lives with him and
his family on the
outskirts of Rome.
Nainggolan turns 30 o
on
Friday. In an unusual quirk,
his twin, who was born just
the other side of midnight,
reaches that milestone a
day earlier.
?She was born on the
third and I was born on
the fourth, so she?s my big
sister,? he says.
?But I?m her big brother. I look after her.?
The twins have tattoos bearing each other?s
name. They also have their mother?s name
tattooed in Elvish, the language from The Lord
of The Rings. ?To be honest, I haven?t even
watched one of those movies,? he says. ?It was
just because I preferred having it in a more
stylish way than the normal letters. But, yes, this
[pointing to his left wrist] is my mother?s name. I
have another on my back.?
Nainggolan wonders where he would have
ended up had he not had his mother to keep
him on the straight and narrow. His upbringing,
in a tough district of Antwerp, was far from
idyllic after their father, with serious gambling
debts, walked out, leaving the family in poverty.
?He went back to Indonesia,? Nainggolan says.
?It was so difficult for my mum, working so hard
with three different jobs to pay the bills every
month. I grew up on the streets, pretty much.
?We did have a home, but I was always on the
streets until late, always hanging around. I
wasn?t focused on school. I made some mistakes.
I took some things ? small things, let?s say,
when I needed to eat.
?I didn?t have the possibility to buy anything.
It wasn?t the best time of my life.?
Football offered a way out. His talent brought
him to the attention of Germinal Beerschot,
where Jan Vertonghen, Toby Alderweireld and
Mousa Demb閘�, all now at Tottenham Hotspur,
were among his contemporaries. That talented
trio were part of a production line that headed
to the Netherlands ? Vertonghen and
Alderweireld to Ajax,
Demb閘� to Willem II.
Nainggolan took the
road less travelled,
enticed, as a 17-year-old,
b
by Piacenza?s offer of a
ccontract worth ?1,400 a
month ? peanuts by the
standards of an elite
ffootballer, even in 2005,
b
but potentially lifecchanging for the
N
Nainggolan family.
?After six months I
wanted to come home
because it was so
d
difficult,? he says. ?It
w
was the different
language, the Italian mentality,
being away from my family. At
one stage I said to myself, ?OK,
maybe it?s better to go back.? But
w
when you want something in life
you have to be prepared to fight
ffor it. I changed my mind and
stayed. I?m happy I did that.?
Just as Nainggolan was making
tthe grade in Italy, though, his
m
mother died of cancer. ?It was so
h
hard, but it was even more difficult
ffor Riana,? he says. ?I was already in
Italy, away from home, becoming a
man, whereas my sister was at
home, still studying.
?My mum had always arranged
eeverything for her. Now she had
n
nothing. She had to study, had to
wash her clothes and everything else and it was
difficult. She?s still coming to terms with it now.?
Riana is also a footballer. She played for the
Roma women?s team last season. A similar type
of player? All raging intensity? ?No,? he laughs.
?She?s more a finesse player. She has good
technique, but not so powerful as me.
?She and her partner live with us. It?s a
different entrance, but the same building, under
my house. She?s all day in our house. It?s not
because we?re twins, it?s because when you?ve
had difficulties in your life, you want to help
each other. She?s trying to make her life and I?m
just trying to help give her the best life I can.?
There was a brief attempt to rebuild the
relationship with his estranged father. ?I met
him around 2013 when I was in Indonesia,? he
says, ?but afterwards it was just all about money,
so the contact stopped again.?
Was that painful? ?No, honestly, because I
didn?t even have the feeling I was missing him,?
he says.
?To me, it was just normal life, but with this
other person. I wanted to give him a chance but
he didn?t take it and for me it?s over again.?
The conversation moves back to football. Has
he ever been tempted to move to the Premier
League? ?My focus is on Roma,? he says.
?People have written something about me every
day for the past ten years, but I?m still here. Let
them talk. I have a very good life here,
everything I need.?
Didn?t Chelsea make a serious play in 2016?
?Chelsea, yes, that was something,? he says. ?It
wasn?t done, but they were interested in me.
?At the end of the day, the choice wasn?t that
difficult for me. I like English football, I love to
watch the English games too, but I?m almost 30
now. Starting over again? It?s difficult even to
think about that.
?And I hate the rain. We were in Liverpool
two days and it didn?t stop raining. It was cold
too. You see the difference to here??
How does he reflect on last Tuesday night at
Anfield? ?It was difficult for us,? he says. ?It was
the first Champions League semi-final for a lot
of our players and to lose 5-2 . . . they are so
quick on the attack and it?s difficult playing
against them because they?re all aggressive, they
all press high and they keep running like
the times | Tuesday May 1 2018
61
2G M
Sport
FRANCO ORIGLIA/GETTY IMAGES FOR THE TIMES
869
Champions League
minutes for Nainggolan
this season. Dzeko and
Kolarov are the only
Roma outfield
players with
more
11
Assists that Nainggolan
has in the Champions
League and Serie A
combined, more than
any other Roma
player
15
Chances that
Nainggolan has created
in Champions League.
Perotti has 17, the
most of any Roma
player
Tatt?s entertainment:
Nainggolan has his
mother?s name tattooed in
Elvish, the language used
in The Lord of The Rings.
He enjoyed the
atmosphere during the
first leg at Anfield, left,
but says that he is not
keen on a move to
England, largely because
of the wet weather
animals ? even in the 94th minute. I don?t
think Liverpool had what I would call fluid
actions, but they were playing the ball into
space. We made too many mistakes by leaving
space for them.?
Was it hard to see Mohamed Salah, his former
Roma team-mate, score twice?
?Mohamed Salah is a professional footballer,?
he says. ?He has to give his best for Liverpool.
Obviously I would prefer to have him in my
team, but I wish him all the best. I have a good
relationship with him. We exchange some
messages and we talked before the game.
?He was shy when he came here, but he?s a
good guy. I?m really happy for him for what he?s
doing. Obviously it was a bit painful that he
scored two wonderful goals against us, but he?s
an amazing player. He was already good over
here. Now he became even better.
?It was a great atmosphere at Anfield. You can
feel the people there live for the team. It?s not
like this in a lot of stadiums, but Liverpool have
to come to Rome now. I think they will expect
something similar. It?s difficult for us, despite the
two goals we scored, but not impossible.?
Fans warned hooligans
may target them today
Tom Kington Rome
Liverpool fans arriving in Rome a day
early to visit the city before their second
leg against Roma have been warned
that they face a greater danger of being
attacked by local hooligans than those
who arrive on matchday tomorrow.
Five thousand Liverpool fans are
expected to arrive in the city today and
tomorrow morning for the Champions
League semi-final.
Police, fearing clashes tomorrow
night similar to those before the game
at Anfield when a 53-year-old
Liverpool fan was left in a coma, will bus
visiting fans to the stadium under
supervision from a meeting point in the
Villa Borghese park.
Officials are keen to stop Liverpool
fans ?walking the bridge?, meaning
crossing the Duca d?Aosta bridge over
the Tiber to the Stadio Olimpico, where
British fans have been ambushed in the
past. ?These are two sets of fans who
don?t back down, so we have work to
do,? Giampietro Lionetti, the head of
the Rome special branch, said.
But with clashes unlikely outside the
stadium tomorrow, Liverpool fans will
be at risk if they arrive in small groups
today, when they will be vulnerable to
roving groups of hooligans known for
stabbing rivals in the buttocks ? a
rarely fatal, but bloody and humiliating
attack.
?Tuesday night is a flashpoint,? said
Maurizio Rosi, vice-president of the
Roma supporters? club in the city?s
historic Testaccio district. ?If fans go
out and are heard speaking English or
are wearing a Liverpool scarf, they
could be singled out,? Rosi, who
condemned the Anfield violence, said.
Alessandro Catapano, who follows
Roma for Gazzetta dello Sport, the
Italian newspaper, warned of the
dangers outside the Stadio Olimpico.
?Real violence at the stadium is difficult
but there could be small groups going
hunting for Liverpool fans on Tuesday
night ? that?s the danger moment,? he
said.
Police said yesterday that the two
men arrested for the attack on Se醤
Cox in Liverpool were members of the
so-called Fedayn, one of Roma?s groups
of Ultra fans who dominate the
southern end of their stadium.
A feared force in the 1970s and early
1980s when they were among the first
Ultra groups on the terraces in Rome,
the Fedayn started life as a left-wing
group who jousted for supremacy at the
stadium with the right-wing Boys
continued from back
Klopp?s loyal No 2 steps aside
when he signed a six-year extension to
his contract in the summer of 2016 that
Buvac and Krawietz were given the
same contract length. He has
previously given some of the proceeds
of his own commercial activities to the
two men who form his inner sanctum.
Buvac has operated above the level of
a normal assistant and Klopp has not
hidden the importance of the man six
years his senior. He is an intense character, one who has a fixed way of doing
things, and despite the progress on
the field there has been a change
behind the scenes.
In January, the highly rated Pep
Klopp and Buvac, right, have
worked together since they
were at Mainz 17 years ago
Advice for Liverpool fans
Ponte Milvio
Liverpool urge
fans to avoid bridge
Stadio
Olimpico
Ponte Duca
d?Aosta
Site of previous
attacks on
English fans
Areas to avoid
?Safe? areas
SS4
Villa Borghese
Away fans urged to
get buses to and from
stadium from here
500 metres
ROME
VATICAN
CITY
Termini Station
Fans advised to only
use this railway station
River
Tiber
Campo de?Fiori
Liverpool have suggested
fans meet here despite
previous attacks
Colosseum
Largo Corrado Ricci
Safe spot for supporters
before the game,
according to club advice
Circus Maximus
group, before their politics drifted to the
right. Much reduced in number, the
Fedayn now occupy the top left side of
the Curva Sud behind the goal, as seen
from the pitch.
?Today the main group which dominates the Curva Sud is the ?Roma?
ultras, who were at Anfield but didn?t
take part in the fight because they were
already in the stadium,? Catapano said.
?It?s not in their interest to provoke
violence because they do not want to
upset their ties to the club, which allow
them to bring banners and flares into
the stadium, nor do they want anything
upsetting the money they make from
organising flights and travel packages
for travelling fans,? he said.
The mob of Roma fans seen rampaging outside Anfield were ?cani sciolti?
? stray dogs, said Sergio Rosi, who
founded the Testaccio fans? club in 1978.
?These fans wanted to prove themselves against British fans to shake off
the reputation Roma fans have in Italy
for being cowards,? Catapano said.
During Roma?s home win over
Chievo on Saturday, there were chants
from the Curva Sud demanding the
release of the fans arrested in Liverpool,
and they were called ?Lions? on one fan
Facebook page. Maurizio Rosi blamed
Liverpool police for the attack. ?Roma
fans in Liverpool were left unprotected
and had things thrown at them so had
to form a group to defend themselves.
In a situation of urban warfare, a
survival instinct kicks in,? he said.
Italian police officials said that there
will be heavy police presence in Rome
tomorrow ? 1,000 officers at the stadium, and 500 extra police in the city.
?We have a different approach to law
enforcement,? a spokeswoman said.
Details of the policing were due to be
ironed out at a meeting last night that
UK police and Liverpool representatives were due to attend. Italian police
said that they had been warned of the
possible arrival of 30-
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