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The Times - 4 May 2018

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daily newspaper of the year
Friday May 4 2018 | thetimes.co.uk | No 72526
2G
Bricks&Mortar
Style secrets of Meghan?s florist
Only �to subscribers �60
The Critics
Charlize Theron
on 5-star form
Pullout
Times2
Teachers offered a year?s paid leave to boost recruitment
Rosemary Bennett Education Editor
Teachers will be offered paid sabbaticals for the first time in the hope of
making the profession more attractive
and stemming the flow of departures
from the classroom.
Damian Hinds, the education secretary, said that he wanted teaching to
offer greater flexible working to com-
pete more effectively with other graduate careers. Although it is renowned for
its generous holidays ? 13 weeks a year
? in other ways teaching is inflexible,
with job-shares and part-time working
slow to catch on.
The number of teachers leaving the
profession has risen from 22,260, or
6 per cent, in 2011, to 34,910, or 8.1 per
cent, in 2016. Secondary school teach-
Bercow digs
in amid new
bullying
allegations
ers in particular are deserting in large
numbers.
Under the pilot sabbatical scheme,
applicants must demonstrate that their
time off will complement their teaching
role, either through studies or working
elsewhere. Sabbaticals would last
between a term and an academic year
and only teachers with ten years? experience would be eligible. The govern-
ment has given the scheme �million,
which will cover 138 year-long sabbaticals or about 400 term-long breaks.
Mr Hinds is to launch the scheme at
the National Association of Head
Teachers (NAHT) conference in Liverpool today, where he will tell delegates:
?All of us have a shared goal of making
sure teaching remains an attractive,
fulfilling profession. We will take an
CHRIS MCANDREW FOR THE TIMES
Breast cancer
warnings
ignored by
health chiefs
Chris Smyth Health Editor
Mark Bridge, Georgie Keate
Speaker claims he has support to stay in office
Henry Zeffman Political Reporter
Francis Elliott Political Editor
A defiant John Bercow has vowed to
?keep buggering on? as Commons
Speaker after he was accused of
bullying by the second former senior
Westminster official in less than a week.
David Leakey, who was Black Rod
until last year, said that Mr Bercow
displayed ?intolerable? rudeness and
?explosive? behaviour that terrified his
subordinates. The claim follows allegations by Angus Sinclair, the Speaker?s
former chief of staff, that he was
physically intimidated, demeaned and
mimicked before he took ?compulsory
early retirement?.
Last night Mr Bercow became further isolated when his Lords counterpart suggested that he would allow
President Trump to address parliament
when he visited Britain. The intervention places him at odds with Mr Bercow,
who said last year that he would refuse
to let Mr Trump give a speech in the
Palace of Westminster.
Mr Bercow, 55, has made clear that he
has no intention of resigning, leaving
MPs on the House of Commons commission, which is responsible for parliament?s administration, in no doubt that
he would have to be forced from office.
?He?s said that he?s determined to
?keep buggering on? and that he?s got
enough support across the Commons
to do so,? a senior MP told The Times
last night. A spokeswoman for the
Speaker said that the remark accurately
reflected his view.
Mr Bercow, a shadow minister under
Michael Howard and Iain Duncan
Smith, is far more popular among opposition MPs than Conservatives, but
nevertheless believes that he has sufficient support on the government
benches to remain in place.
Theresa May made a highly unusual
intervention into the specific claims
about his behaviour this week. The
prime minister?s spokesman said that
the allegations were ?concerning? and
must be investigated.
A spokesman for Jeremy Corbyn, the
Labour leader, said that the allegations
were ?extremely serious? and also
called for an investigation, but the party
will not assist any government effort to
force Mr Bercow from office.
Mr Leakey, 65, who was Gentleman
Usher of the Black Rod for seven years,
told the Politics Home website yesterday that Mr Bercow?s ?objectionable?
behaviour made him unworthy of his
public office, adding: ?His explosive and
intemperate behaviour is legendary.?
In his role Mr Leakey was responsible
for the security of the House of Lords
and played a significant part in ceremonial occasions. When planning one
ceremony he said that Mr Bercow
?quite suddenly erupted in a rage, banging the table and being extremely and
personally rude to me, including calling
me an antisemite. He did apologise to
Continued on page 2, col 3
unflinching look at the things that discourage people from going into teaching or make them consider leaving.?
Paul Whiteman, general secretary of
the NAHT, said: ?A fund for sabbaticals
will certainly be welcomed and is exactly what we?re asking for at this conference, although we do also need to see
basic pay improved and the 1 per cent
pay cap lifted.?
Costume change Traditional tutus return in the Royal Ballet?s new production of
Swan Lake, replacing the long feathered skirts used for the past 30 years. Times2
Hospitals warned public health chiefs
in charge of breast cancer screening
last year that women were not being
called to checks, but the problems were
dismissed as a local issue.
Jeremy Hunt, the health secretary,
revealed on Wednesday that 450,000
women had not been asked for
screenings, acknowledging that up to
270 may have died prematurely because
they were not checked. The omissions
were down to a computer glitch that was
not spotted for nine years.
It emerged yesterday, however, that
Public Health England?s regional teams
investigated concerns last year from
hospitals in London and the West
Midlands that women aged 70 were not
being invited for checks. The agency
says it was told by Hitachi, which
manages the computer system, that it
was a purely local issue that had been
resolved. The true national problem
was not discovered until this January.
Separately, The Times has learnt that
women had been raising concerns
themselves years earlier. One GP in
Leeds said he recalled ?a spate of
examples where patients appeared not
to be being recalled for their breast
screening. We got quite a lot of requests
[for checks] from people who weren?t
getting recall letters.?
He said he helped them to make
appointments at the Leeds mammography unit, but no one picked up the
pattern. ?Communication in the NHS
is crap at the best of times; nobody
really is in overall charge. If this was
recognised, nobody thought it was their
job,? he said.
Leeds Teaching hospitals, which
runs the unit, referred inquiries to PHE,
which said it had not received any
concerns from local screening centres.
The agency and the NHS are
conducting a blame game. Health service bosses have pointed the finger at
PHE, which is in charge of quality
checks on the screening programme,
alleging that officials were focused on
Continued on page 2, col 5
2
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Friday May 4 2018 | the times
News
T O D AY ? S E D I T I O N
Home Office is
racist, say staff
Pupils ?plotted
school killings?
Roads are in a
?perilous state?
The Home Office has
been accused of racism
by staff who claim that
there is a culture of
discrimination against
ethnic minority
employees seeking
promotion. Page 4
Two teenage boys
wanted to slaughter
fellow pupils and
teachers at their North
Yorkshire school in a
Columbine-style
massacre, a court has
been told. Page 7
The poor condition of
Britain?s roads is a
national emergency
that leaves cyclists
hurt and cars damaged.
A report by the AA
said roads were in a
perilous state. Page 17
COMMENT
Britain is becoming a nation that votes
according to its cultural view of the world
PHILIP COLLINS, PAGE 25
Trump defends
porn star cash
TSB chaos ?will
last for months?
Wenger denied
final send-off
Hush money paid to
the porn star Stormy
Daniels days before
the 2016 US election
did not break campaign
finance laws, President
Trump insisted
yesterday. Page 30
TSB customers are
likely to face months
of disruption while the
bank fixes computer
problems that have left
many unable to access
accounts, regulators
believe. Page 37
Ars鑞e Wenger?s hopes
of finishing on a high
were killed off last
night when Arsenal
were eliminated from
the Europa League,
losing 1-0 to Atletico
Madrid. Pages 70-72
THUNDERER 26
LETTERS 28
LEADING ARTICLES 29
WORLD 30
BUSINESS 37
REGISTER 53
SPORT 61
CROSSWORD 72
TV & RADIO TIMES2
FOLLOW US
thetimes
timesandsundaytimes
DINNER
TONIGHT
Barbecued squid
with lemon
Squid is a difficult food
for lots of people but
now, with the barbecue
ready for action, it?s
top of my list for the
coals. It cooks quickly,
tossed around with
tongs until the tender
flesh is smoky and
charred. I cook it
whole, an idea copied
from Harry?s Taverna
at Thanos beach on
Lemnos, where it?s
wolfed down with a
Greek salad and
garlicky, cold potato
puree (skordalia is far
nicer than it sounds).
Serves 2 Prep 15 min
Cook 15 min
Ingredients: 2 prepared
medium squid; 2 tbsp
Greek olive oil; 1 lemon;
few sprigs flat-leaf
parsley.
Get the BBQ to white
ash stage before you
start cooking the
squid. To prepare,
ensure all the dark film
has been rubbed off
the white tubes, don?t
bother to remove the
side wings. Cut down
the length of the sac.
Nip through the base
ring of the tentacles,
so they can be opened
out like a frill,
removing the hard
beak at the base.
thetimes
Scrape away any slime
(remaining innards)
from inside the sac
with a knife. Pat dry,
smear with olive oil
and season with salt
and pepper. Lay
opened out like a book
on the hot coals, press
down with a spatula
and cook for 3 minutes
before turning. Repeat
if not nicely crusty and
cooked through. Cook
the tentacles
alongside, they will
curl and turn crusty
quickly. Reassemble
the squid by folding
the sides to the middle
and serve with crusty
tentacles on top. Add a
generous squeeze of
lemon, swirl of olive oil
and dusting of finely
chopped parsley.
Lindsey Bareham
OFFER
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THE WEATHER
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available only in the United Kingdom and Ireland
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13
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13
16
16
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Rather cloudy with spells of rain
in the west, but dry and bright
farther east. Full forecast, page 59
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Ex-MI6 head attacks ?disloyal?
civil servants in satellites row
Francis Elliott Political Editor
Britain has been outwitted by the EU
over the Galileo satellite system
because ministers believed ?incompetently ignorant or at worst disloyal? civil
servants, according to the former head
of MI6.
Sir Richard Dearlove wants Theresa
May to carry out her threat to leave the
�billion programme and begin work
on a UK-only system before becoming
trapped in a Brussels ?spider?s web?.
Galileo is a satellite-based navigation
system created by the EU which aims to
free European nations from having to
rely on Russian, Chinese or US GPS
systems. It is intended to be accurate
within a metre and is considered crucial
to UK military and intelligence needs.
The European Commission insists
that the UK must be blocked from Galileo?s back-up system, needed by the military, as only EU members can have access to sensitive encrypted signal. That
has infuriated Mrs May and senior ministers, even those such as Philip Hammond who support keeping the UK
closely aligned with the EU. A Downing
Street source said the so-called ?war
cabinet? was united in its determination
to force Brussels to back down.
Britain has contributed about 12 per
cent of the cost of Galileo, with overseas
territories such as the Falklands providing some of the ground stations.
The chancellor has now authorised
the effective sabotage of Galileo?s development by seeking to disrupt the
transfer of encryption technology from
a firm in the UK to France.
However, Sir Richard and Professor
Gwythian Prins, a former adviser to the
chief of the defence staff, believe ministers were naive ever to believe they
could force the EU to allow the UK full
access to the critical system.
?The idea that the EU might agree to
the UK participating on its own terms
was always totally unrealistic. British
civil servants who sold this idea to their
ministers were at best incompetently
ignorant or, at worst, disloyal,? they
write in a paper to be published on the
Briefings for Brexit website. ?In the
world of EU officials, there can be no
deviation from the rulebook . . . So the
EU was not ?playing hardball? on Galileo . . . It is merely operating within the
strictures of its own vast and inflexible
There?s no place like home
for ageing UK population
Tom Knowles Property Correspondent
About a million fewer people are
moving home every decade compared
with the 1970s as an ageing population
occupies larger homes for longer and
younger generations struggle to get on
the property ladder.
The trend is common to many
advanced countries including Australia, America, Italy, Germany and
Japan. However, researchers found it
was particularly marked in England
and Wales, with a significant drop in the
number of people moving distances of
ten kilometres or less.
A study conducted at Queen?s University in Belfast said the slowdown
started before the financial crisis,
suggesting underlying changes in the
population and the way Britain works
were contributing to the fall, alongside
squeezed income growth.
The researchers looked at census
data for the 1970s and 2000s and found
that about 55 per cent of people moved
home in England and Wales between
1971 and 1981, but this had dropped to
45 per cent between 2001 and 2011.
Ian Shuttleworth, who conducted
the study, said: ?This predates the
recession. One important thing which
is driving this is the population ageing.
continued from page 1
Bercow digs in
me for that specific remark afterwards,
but not for his other highly personal
insults, and it is intolerable?. He said:
?The red mist suddenly descended: it
was quite disproportionate and unreasonable by any standards.?
Mr Leakey joined the calls for Mr
Bercow to be investigated, saying that
were an inquiry not to take place the
affair would be ?on the same radar as
the expenses scandal?. Mr Bercow?s
condemnations of bullying in parliament, he added, ?reek of hypocrisy?.
A spokesman for Mr Bercow said:
?Mr Speaker refutes all the allegations
levelled by Mr Leakey. John Bercow
and David Leakey are two very differ-
Older people tend to change address
less than younger people as they are
less mobile.?
The way council tax is levied also
gives elderly people less incentive to
downsize as limited revaluations of
price bands means homes that may
have risen greatly in value over decades
are often taxed lightly. At the same
time, there is a shortage of one and twobed homes for the elderly, leading to
inefficient use of housing stock.
Dr Shuttleworth added that the
census data showed the sharpest fall in
migration had been for moves of 10km
(6 miles) or less, suggesting younger
generations were struggling to find a
house to buy within their home town.
More Britons also live alone. Since
1971, the share of households with one
occupant has risen from 17 per cent to
28 per cent. Single people are less likely
than those with children to need extra
space, so may not need to move up the
housing ladder.
Dr Shuttleworth said that the way we
work was also contributing to a change
in moving habits. ?Workers are commuting longer distances on a daily or
weekly basis instead of moving home,
and improved transport and communication technologies mean that there is
less need to move,? he said.
ent people with very different backgrounds, perspectives and ideas. They
had fundamental disagreements in
2011 and 2012, but interacted adequately after that.? Mr Bercow also strenuously denies bullying Mr Sinclair.
This year Kate Emms, Mr Sinclair?s
successor, said that she had post-traumatic stress disorder diagnosed after
less than a year working for Mr Bercow.
Mr Bercow denies bullying her.
The accusations came as Lord
Fowler, the Lord Speaker, indicated
that he would be willing for Mr Trump
to address parliament.
Last February, Mr Bercow infuriated
Downing Street when he told MPs that
he was ?strongly opposed? to an address by the US president in Westminster Hall or the Royal Gallery. Last
acquis of directives and treaties, just as
it will do on all aspects of our ?negotiations?. EU officials will already have
assessed the impact of additional running costs, new tenders, recruiting new
expertise, restarting work, new ground
stations and the legal and technical
issues of Galileo without the UK.
?They will have grasped that the UK?s
departure means that a considerable
chunk of finance, most of the expertise
and several ground stations will be lost
from the project . . . So they need to trap
the UK fly in a spider?s web so that after
Brexit we are powerless, but still contributing money and the essential skills
the EU needs. Since so much of Galileo
is British, the UK might do as the prime
minister is reported to be considering
seriously, namely develop its own global navigation network. We strongly encourage her to take this prudent step in
the interests of our national security.?
However, Alexandra Stickings, a research analyst at the Royal United Services Institute, said: ?While the UK has
the technical ability to build its own
system it is open to question whether
this is a sensible use of resources.?
Irish veto threat, page 8
continued from page 1
NHS ignored screening alert
cutting waiting times between checks,
rather than investigating why women
were not coming for screening.
PHE is responsible for preventative
strategies for conditions ranging from
obesity to ebola but it does not provide
services. NHS England is responsible
for spending �4 billion on treatment,
but it does not run the 79 local hospitals
that provide breast cancer screening.
Management of the 1990s system,
which still operates breast screening, is
split between PHE and NHS hospitals;
Hitachi has been contracted to manage
software since 2015. The missed
screening became visible when a more
modern system was added on in 2016.
Ministers have been urged to confirm
that people screened for bowel and
cervical cancer have not been affected.
Baroness Morgan of Drefelin, chief
executive of the charity Breast Cancer
Now, said: ?We urgently need to
understand why quality-assurance
measures did not pick this up and what
procedures will be put in place to
ensure such a colossal mistake is never
repeated.?
Jonathan Ashworth, the shadow
health secretary, said: ?It seems extraordinary that while breast cancer
screening rates were falling, serious
questions were not being asked, especially as we are now hearing reports of
GPs warning of missed tests.?
Hotline overwhelmed, page 9
Leading article, page 29
night Lord Fowler, a former Conservative cabinet minister, said: ?Since becoming Lord Speaker in 2016 I have
welcomed both the King of Spain and
the president of Colombia to
parliament. Both addressed members
of the House of Commons and the
House of Lords in the Royal Gallery, the
use of which was approved by myself
together with Black Rod. No conversations have taken place between the
House of Lords and the UK government regarding President Trump coming to the Royal Gallery.
?Any request for him to speak in the
Royal Gallery would be discussed if and
when it were received. The United
States is a long-standing ally and friend
of the United Kingdom.?
Thunderer, page 26
the times | Friday May 4 2018
3
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News
BEN CAWTHRA/LNP; TONY KERSHAW/SWNS
Burglar laid
to rest in hail
of obscenities
and punches
Will Humphries
At first glance the funeral cort鑗e appeared not unlike thousands of others,
but the buzz of a police helicopter overhead and the presence of uniformed
officers gave some indication that this
would not be a typical send-off.
The funeral of Henry Vincent, the
career criminal fatally stabbed during the burglary of a pensioner?s
home in southeast London, began
relatively sombrely but ended
with rocks thrown by mourners,
police charging a violent mob of
hooded youths, and an arrest.
Vincent?s body had been
taken from his mother?s home
in Swanley, Kent, in a silver
Mercedes hearse. It was followed by eight black Mercedes limousines.
Mourners wound down
the windows sticking up
two fingers and shouting obscenities at
journalists.
Floral tributes on
the top of the cars included a car towing a
caravan and and the message ?Love
You Cuz?. A flatbed truck followed
behind with numerous other flower
arrangements, including one in the
shape of a bottle of vodka.
The Vincents are a well-known
Traveller family in the area. Vincent?s
father Henry Sr, 59, his uncle David Sr,
50, and cousin David, 26, are all convicted fraudsters.
Vincent, 37, died on the pavement outside the home of Richard
Osborn-Brooks, 78, and his vulnerable wife, Maureen, 76, on April
4 in Hither Green after he and an
accomplice had broken in
armed with screwdrivers. Mr Osborn-Brooks
was arrested on suspicion of murder before
being released without
charge.
The
procession
made the four-mile
journey to St Mary?s
church in the nearby town
of Saint Mary Cray. Uniformed officers were stationed along the route.
Before the service, a
A cort鑗e of limousines ferried the body of Henry Vincent and his father, above, to the funeral in Saint Mary Cray, where
reporters were abused and attacked by mourners, one of whom was armed with a catapult. One arrest was made, top left
mob of youths in hoods ran at a group
of reporters standing near by, throwing
eggs and rocks. A riot van and a group
of police officers surged towards the
mob. After the incident was calmed
the 30-minute service went ahead and
was attended by about 100 family and
friends.
Afterwards, two groups of about 40
mourners charged towards a group of
journalists. One press photographer
was punched in the face and a teenager
was pinned to the ground and later
arrested on suspicion of assault.
Vincent?s body was taken to the cemetery opposite his family?s Traveller site
for burial.
A police sergeant told The Times that
they would have 80 officers in the area
for the evening, when a wake was expected to be held. Some pubs near by
closed their doors as a precaution.
4
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Friday May 4 2018 | the times
News
PETER HORBURY/SWNS
Quintagram�
No 54
Solve all five clues using each
letter underneath once only
1 Civic dignitary (5)
----2 Velocity (5)
-----
3 Rub to a shine (6)
-----4 Rock-pool mollusc (6)
-----5 Lindisfarne (4,6)
---------A
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I
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L
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Solutions MindGames in Times2
Cryptic clues every day online
Mirror hacking payout
Time to shine The sun rises over Staithes in North Yorkshire. Much of the country will enjoy fine weather today and over the bank holiday weekend. Forecast, page 59
Home Office is accused
of racism by own staff
Billy Kenber Investigations Reporter
Dozens of Home Office staff have accused the department of racial discrimination as it prepares for a case in which
Theresa May?s national security adviser will be a high-profile defendant.
Mark Sedwill, a former Home Office
permanent secretary, is named as one
of the defendants in a race discrimination claim brought by Amjed Ramzan,
who alleges that he was treated unfairly
in an interview process, including by
having his scores reduced while those
of white candidates were increased.
The Network, an internal advocacy
group for ethnic minority staff, claims
the case is just the ?tip of the iceberg? in
a culture of discrimination against
ethnic minority employees seeking
promotion. More than 40 have signed a
petition calling for a fresh internal
investigation into the case.
Mr Ramzan?s employment tribunal
case, which is listed for an eight-day
hearing in July, dates back to 2014,
when Theresa May was home secre-
tary. The allegations of racial discrimination will add to the challenges faced
by Sajid Javid, the first home secretary
from an ethnic minority background,
who took over the job this week.
Figures disclosed under the Freedom
of Information Act reveal that six
ethnic minority employees at the department?s Sheffield offices, where Mr
Ramzan was based, were promoted
between 2013 and 2016. In two years,
2014 and 2015, no ethnic minority employees were promoted. Over the same
period, 77 white Home Office employees in Sheffield received promotions.
Mr Ramzan, 47, who is British Asian
and Muslim, was working as a junior
manager and had been at the Home
Office for 12 years when he applied for
promotion to middle management in
2014. He was one of 11 people given an
interview and several posts were filled.
After he was unsuccessful, Mr
Ramzan lodged an internal grievance,
complaining that he had been judged
against the criteria for roles several
grades higher than the one he was ap-
plying for and that his scores had been
changed from sixes and sevens to
threes and fours.
He also raised concerns that other
candidates had an unfair advantage
because they were known by those interviewing for the promotion.
Mr Ramzan wrote in a grievance
form that ?it is no coincidence that
BME [black and ethnic minority] staff
struggle with career progression faced
with these glass ceilings?. An internal
investigation found no evidence that he
had been treated differently because of
his ethnic background.
He also wrote to Mr Sedwill, who was
the Home Office?s ?race champion?.
However, it is understood that Mr
Sedwill did not meet Mr Ramzan and
did not commission an investigation into his case. Mr Ramzan filed a race discrimination case in late 2016.
The Home Office denies that he
suffered any kind of discrimination. A
spokesman said it would be ?inappropriate to comment on ongoing legal
proceedings?.
Fast food may cut chances of conceiving
Women who eat less fruit and more fast
food take longer to get pregnant, a
study has suggested.
Women who ate fruit less than four
times in the month before conception
took about two weeks longer to conceive than those who ate fruit twice a
day. Those who never or rarely ate fast
food conceived nearly a month sooner
than women who ate fast food at least
four times a week.
The researchers found that although
fruit and fast foods affected the time it
took women to get pregnant, eating
green leafy vegetables or fish did not.
The study, published in Human Reproduction, asked 5,598 women about
their diets. The women, who were from
the UK, Ireland, Australia and New
Zealand, had not had babies before.
Eight per cent of the participants
were considered infertile, defined as
taking longer than a year to conceive,
and 39 per cent conceived within a
month. For the women with the lowest
intake of fruit, the risk of infertility
increased from 8 to 12 per cent, and in
those who ate fast food four or more
times a week, it rose from 8 to 16 per
cent.
Claire Roberts, of the University of
Adelaide, who led the study, said: ?Eating a good quality diet that includes
fruit, and minimising fast food consumption, improves fertility and reduces the time it takes to get pregnant.?
Nut allergy
test is cheap
and accurate
A new blood test could make it much
easier and cheaper to identify children
with peanut allergies.
The test looks for biomarkers released by mast cells, a type of white
blood cell. In a study involving 174 children, the mast activation test made a correct diagnosis 98 per cent of the time. At
present, peanut allergy is confirmed using an unreliable skin-prick test and
time-consuming ?oral food challenge?
(OFC), in which the patient is fed
increasingly large doses of peanut.
The new test is five times cheaper
than an OFC and could be a secondary
tool when skin-prick tests are inconclusive. Alexandra Santos, a Medical
Research Council scientist at King?s
College London, said: ?The current
tests are not ideal. If we relied on them
alone, we?d be overdiagnosing food
allergies. Only 22 per cent of schoolaged children in the UK with a positive
test to peanuts are actually allergic.
?The new test is specific in confirming the diagnosis, so when it?s positive,
we can be very sure it means allergy. We
would reduce by two thirds the number
of expensive, stressful oral food
challenges conducted.?
Between 5 and 8 per cent of UK children have a food allergy, with up to one
in 55 being allergic to peanuts. Symptoms such as itching, stomach cramps
and constriction of the throat are
caused by proteins interacting with an
antibody, immunoglobulin e (IgE).
Skin-prick tests measure the presence of IgE antibodies. The new test focuses on mast cells that are activated by
IgE in blood plasma. ?We are adapting
this test to other foods, such as milk,
eggs, sesame and tree nuts,? Dr Santos
said. The study is reported in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.
Danielle Lloyd, a model, Jennifer
Ellison, an actress, and Dwight
Yorke and Andrew Cole, both
former footballers, have accepted
undisclosed damages and an
apology from Mirror Group
Newspapers for misuse of private
information in the phone-hacking
scandal. Mark Elder, of the law
firm Shoosmiths, told the High
Court in London yesterday that
the hacking had had an
emotional impact on the
complainants as well as damaging
their reputations and careers.
Academy expels stars
Roman Polanski and Bill Cosby
have been expelled from the US
Academy of Motion Picture Arts
and Sciences, the organisation
that runs the Oscars. Cosby, 80, a
former TV star, was convicted last
week of sexual assault. Polanski,
84, pleaded guilty to unlawful sex
with a teenager and fled the US
in 1978. The director, who lives in
Paris, has evaded extradition.
Knifeman alert ignored
The family of a disturbed former
commando who murdered a
dog walker told the BBC that
they had warned Norfolk and
Suffolk NHS mental health
services that he was collecting
knives but were dismissed as
?busybodies?. Alexander Palmer,
24, was jailed for life for killing
Peter Wrighton, 83, near East
Harling, Norfolk, last August.
Boss murderer jailed
An obsessed Brighton University
worker has been jailed for at least
28 years for stabbing his boss to
death and writing ?bully? on her
forehead. David Browning, 52, of
Seaford, East Sussex, murdered
Jillian Howell, 46, at her home
last October after she rejected
him. Judge Christine Laing, QC,
told Hove crown court that his
actions were ?utterly callous?.
Burglar ran into lamp
A burglar who was caught after
running into a lamppost has been
jailed for 16 months. Terry
Sawyers, 39, of east London, was
found unconscious after grabbing
four laptops, seven cameras and a
mobile phone from two offices in
the City. He had been given a
12-month suspended sentence
days earlier. He admitted three
burglary charges at the Old Bailey.
the times | Friday May 4 2018
5
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News
Twitter warns all
its 300m users to
change passwords
Mark Bridge Technology Correspondent
Yesterday?s World Password Day, an
annual PR stunt from Intel, took on
unexpected relevance after Twitter
asked all of its 336 million users to
change their passwords, admitting that
a ?bug? had left them exposed.
Twitter passwords would normally
be stored only in encrypted form but
the company said yesterday that due to
an oversight they had been kept in plain
text in an internal log. This would have
left them freely accessible to at least
some Twitter employees and more
vulnerable to external hackers.
The microblogging site insisted that
it was recommending that users change
their passwords only out of an ?abundance of caution? due to the company?s
sense of social responsibility. It said that
there was no evidence or indication
that passwords had been obtained or
misused by hackers.
Anyone who did obtain those passwords would have gained access to personal data of Twitter users, including a
log of their Twitter activity, and the
ability to post from their accounts.
Because people often use the same
password and email address for multiple online services, anyone obtaining
the data could have been able to hack
people?s accounts on other sites.
The failure of Twitter to safeguard its
users? data adequately comes after
Facebook came under fire for failing to
protect the personal information of
nearly 90 million people, which was
obtained by Cambridge Analytica, the
now defunct consultancy accused of
electoral meddling.
Parag Agrawal, Twitter?s chief technology officer, tweeted: ?We are sharing this information to help people
make an informed decision about their
account security. We didn?t have to, but
it?s the right thing to do.?
This prompted one user of the site to
comment: ?Twitter?s CTO is acting like
they?re doing us a favour by letting us
know that Twitter wasn?t securely
storing our passwords.?
In a blog post, Mr Agrawal said: ?We
recognise and appreciate the trust you
place in us, and are committed to earning that trust every day.?
Normally when a user sets a password for a Twitter account, the company uses encryption technology that
masks it so that no employee can view
it. This also makes it far more difficult
for any hackers to access the data in the
event of a breach. However, Twitter last
night admitted that it had identified ?a
bug that stored passwords unmasked in
an internal log?.
A spokesman added: ?We have fixed
the bug, and our investigation shows no
indication of breach or misuse by
anyone. Out of an abundance of
caution, we ask that you consider
changing your password on all services
where you?ve used this password. You
can change your Twitter password any
time by going to the password settings
page.?
He said: ?We found this error ourselves, removed the passwords, and are
implementing plans to prevent this bug
from happening again.?
Twitter?s embarrassment comes
shortly before the implementation of
stricter data laws, the general data protection regulation (GDPR), on May 25.
The rules will hold companies to higher
standards of data protection in the UK
and across the European Union, introducing fines of up to ?20 million or
4 per cent of global turnover.
Facebook, which has been heavily
criticised by politicians for its failure to
protect users? data, has fired an employee who was abusing his access to
internal Facebook data to ?stalk? a
woman who he was speaking to on the
dating app Tinder. A spokesman said
yesterday that the employee had been
sacked immediately after his activities
were discovered.
Murderer goes free after
43 years and four escapes
Fiona Hamilton Crime Editor
A murderer who was one of Britain?s
longest-serving prisoners has been freed
almost 43 years after his conviction.
John Massey, 69, was jailed for life
with a minimum of 20 years for shooting a pub doorman in 1975, but served
almost double that after escaping or
absconding four times, three of them to
sit at the deathbeds of his mother,
father and one of his sisters. He once
said that he had been kept inside for
being a ?loving son and brother?.
Campaigners said that his case illustrated how the system was clogged up
with prisoners held on technicalities
long after serving their time. Massey,
who killed Charlie Higgins with a
sawn-off shotgun after being thrown
out of an east London pub, was met outside HMP Warren Hill in Suffolk by his
sister, Jane, and a niece, Michelle. He
said of his crime: ?It was a moment of
madness. I?ve served my time now.?
Massey first absconded in 1994 while
on day release and fled to Spain, where
he stayed for three years before being
extradited and returned to prison.
He was released on parole in 2007 but
was told that he had to live in a south
London hostel. When he was refused
an extension to his curfew to be with his
dying father, Jack, he absconded and
stayed with him for four days until he
passed away. In 2010 he absconded
from Ford open prison in West Sussex
for ten months after being refused permission to visit his terminally ill sister,
Carol. In 2012 he used a makeshift rope
John Massey was
clapped by inmates
on his release
to scale the wall of Pentonville prison to
say a final goodbye to his mother after
being denied compassionate leave.
Massey, who had three appeals for
release rejected after the 2012 breakout,
was applauded by inmates as he walked
to the gates on Wednesday.
After his final breakout, Massey sent
an apology to Charlton Higgins, the son
of his victim. Mr Higgins, of Braintree,
Essex, described it as a ?very late act?.
ELLIOTT FRANKS
Top that Lost in Translation will be helping to celebrate 250 years of the circus at a festival in Shillington Park, Battersea
6
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Friday May 4 2018 | the times
News
Afghan interpreters
will not be expelled
Deborah Haynes Defence Editor
Hundreds of Afghan interpreters living
in fear of deportation will be allowed to
stay in Britain without having to pay
thousands of pounds in visa fees, it was
announced yesterday.
The Home Office shifted policy after
The Times revealed that more than 150
interpreters had written to Sajid Javid,
the home secretary, to say that they had
been left in limbo and let down by
?shameful? government rules.
The interpreters, who served alongside British troops on the front line in
Afghanistan, had been told that they
and any family members must pay
more than �000 to apply for indefinite leave to remain in Britain once an
initial five-year permit expired from as
early as next year. This left many fearing that they would be forced to return
to their country where they risked persecution by the Taliban because of their
ties to the British military.
Confirming that they can stay, Mr
Javid said yesterday: ?The local Afghan
interpreters worked in dangerous and
challenging situations, regularly putting their lives at risk. We have always
been clear that they will be able to stay
in the UK with their families and today
I have announced that they will be able
to do this for free.?
Gavin Williamson, the defence secretary, welcomed the move, which will
help about 400 Afghans ? interpreters
and their families ? who benefited
from a government relocation scheme
after most British forces withdrew from
Afghanistan. He said that he had asked
the Home Office to abolish the fees.
?I?m thrilled that the Home Office
has agreed with me that the government will waive visa fees for interpreters and their families, who bravely
served our country shoulder to shoulder with our armed forces,? he said. ?We
want to give them the reassurance that
they can stay and won?t have to stump
up large sums to do so.?
It is thought that the Ministry of
Defence raised the issue with the Home
Office in February, but it took until yesterday for the change to be announced.
In the letter to Mr Javid, a copy of which
was also sent to Mr Williamson, the
interpreters said that they and their
families had suffered an injustice.
They are among the few interpreters
flown to the UK under the scheme,
while others were left behind because
they did not meet strict rules to qualify
for assistance. The uncertainty over the
interpreters? residency status, with only
a five-year permit, has stopped many
from finding a job, however.
The Home Office has also refused to
allow the wives and children of many of
the interpreters to join them. Dependants should have come when the interpreters moved to Britain, under Home
Office rules, but some wives had to stay
to care for parents or because they
could not afford the cost of travelling to
obtain the visa to get to Britain.
ANDREW MILLIGAN/PA
Data scandal
chiefs may still
face charges
Mark Bridge Technology Correspondent
Delicate wash Benedict, a European eagle owl chick at Blair Drummond safari
park near Stirling, is getting used to human noises at the home of his keeper
The former directors of Cambridge
Analytica and its parent company SCL
Group could still be personally charged
with offences despite having shut down
the companies, an MP has warned.
Asked by Canadian lawmakers about
how the closure of the businesses
would affect the investigation and any
possible sanctions, Damian Collins, the
chairman of the digital, culture, media
and sport committee, said: ?It doesn?t
change our inquiry at all.?
Mr Collins added: ?I discussed this
this morning with Elizabeth Denham,
the information commissioner. As far
as she?s concerned it doesn?t make any
difference to her inquiry either.?
His comments will keep the pressure
on bosses including Alexander Nix,
former chief executive of Cambridge
Analytica, whose answers to parliament
Mr Collins considers unsatisfactory.
The MP suggested that the Information Commissioner?s Office (ICO)
should gain powers to hand down sanctions going beyond fines, which he said
could simply be treated as a cost of business by rich companies.
Ministers have already given the
green-light to the committee?s previous
recommendation that the ICO should
gain the power to raid companies without notice.
Cambridge Analytica and its parent
company SCL Group deny all allegations of wrongdoing.
the times | Friday May 4 2018
7
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News
Teenagers ?plotted Columbine-style rampage?
Gabriella Swerling
Northern Correspondent
Two teenage boys plotted to slaughter
fellow pupils and teachers with firearms
and homemade bombs in a Columbineinspired massacre, a court was told.
The boys, who were both 14 at the
time of the alleged plot, were said to
have wanted revenge for being bullied
at their school in the market town of
Northallerton, North Yorkshire.
The ?best friends?, now 15, who deny
conspiracy to murder, allegedly drew
up a kill list of targets they wanted to
?obliterate? and ?who deserved it?.
Paul Greaney, QC, for the prosecution, told Leeds crown court that the
boys ?hero-worshipped? Eric Harris
and Dylan Klebold, who killed 12 pupils
and a teacher at Columbine High
School in Colorado before shooting
themselves in 1999. He said there was a
?strange, dark subculture of adoration
for them and their crimes? on the
internet and that the British schoolboys
planned a ?re-enactment? of the attack.
Neither the boys nor their school can
be identified for legal reasons. On the
first day of their trial yesterday, the court
was told that the older boy, described as
the leader, had planned a mass killing
for more than a year and had stockpiled
an arsenal at a hideout.
A police raid in October discovered
balaclavas, wires, batteries, bags of
screws and an ignitable substance
similar to petrol at the scene.
After a raid at the older boy?s home,
they also found diary entries that said:
?I just want to kill every single one of
you f***ers. Everyone is filthy and
deserve[s] to be shot, including me. I?ll
play the role of God and decide who [I] let
live and die. Humans are a vile species
which needs to die out. The Human
condition is a curse and burden.?
The older boy had also allegedly
carved his name into his girlfriend?s
back and plotted to ?rip out [the] f***ing
guts? of her parents, so he could steal
seven legally owned shotguns used for
game-shooting. He was arrested after
breaking into her home holding a kitchen
knife with ?LOVE? written on it.
Other diary entries ranged from
praising Hitler and natural selection
to his fascination with killers
including Charles Manson, Ted Bundy
and Timothy McVeigh.
As well as being shown his doodles
of swastikas and love-hearts, the jury
also saw his diagram of a stickman
wearing a trench coat ? like the Columbine killers ? and where weapons
could be concealed within it, as well as
a checklist of items still needed for the
attack, such as napalm, fuses, ammunition, smoke bombs and pipe bombs.
Another diary entry dated October
11, 2017, told of the boy?s ?great f***ing
plan? to murder his girlfriend?s parents.
He added: ?And I?ll make some
explosives then we?ll find a way back
to Northallerton and we?ll begin our
assault on that f***ing school. Great
idea isn?t it. F***, I hate my school. I will
obliterate it. I will kill everyone.?
Inside the cover of the journal, it said:
?Sorry if this is found I have committed
one of the worst atrocities in British
history or I killed myself.?
The court was told that both boys
had a copy of The Anarchist Cookbook,
used by the Columbine killers, which
provided bomb-making instructions.
Mr Greaney said that at one point the
younger boy had confessed to school
staff and police. ?You may conclude
that the police in North Yorkshire
responded inadequately to the threat
these two defendants presented?
because they remained free, Mr Greaney
said, ?although a month later a
specialist anti-terrorism team who
became responsible for the investigation
responded more appropriately and
robustly?. He said that the plot was not
?fantasy?, as the defendants claim, nor
?foolish teenage banter?.
Both boys deny the charges relating
to a period between December 31, 2016
and October 29 last year. They also
each pleaded not guilty to intentionally
encouraging or assisting an offence and
encouraging or assisting an offence
believing that it would be committed.
The older boy also denies unlawful
wounding and aggravated burglary.
The trial continues.
IAN WEST/PA
Potato top of
the crops for
home growers
Ben Webster
Potatoes are the most popular crop for
gardeners and allotment holders
growing their own food, according to
the first survey of its kind since the wartime Dig for Victory campaign.
Courgettes and French or climbing
beans are close behind, followed by
raspberries, broad beans, runner beans,
peas and tomatoes. Strawberries are
the most productive crop, in terms of
how much growers get from a given
area, followed by plums and currants.
Thousands of harvests have been
logged by scientists from the University
of Sheffield in the Myharvest project,
which aims to reveal the most plentiful
fruit and vegetables grown by amateurs. The national ?grow-your-own?
survey is examining the contribution
made to national food security, researchers say. The first results are based
on data from almost 700 people across
the country who have signed up to the
project.
Dr Jill Edmondson, from the university?s animal and plant sciences
department, said: ?With over 80 per
cent of the UK population living in
cities or towns that are currently
dependent on imported fruit and vegetables, it is important to understand
how we can make our cities and towns
even more sustainable.?
Girls on film The German photographer Ellen von Unwerth at the opening of an exhibition of her work from the 1990s to the present day at the Opera Gallery, London
Shooting victim is convicted killer Judge links drill music to
John Simpson
The man killed in the latest London
shooting was trying to turn his life
around after he was jailed for murdering a Traveller over a � debt, The
Times can reveal.
Leon Maxwell, 38, was shot and
killed outside Queensbury Underground station in Harrow, northwest London, on Tuesday night.
A second man, aged 26, was
injured in the attack but is thought
to be in a stable condition in
hospital.
Maxwell,
also
known by the street
names ?Sykes? and
?2Swift?, was a 20st
bodybuilder and
nutrition adviser
Leon Maxwell was
turning his life around
who friends praised as a naturally gifted
musician. In 2003 he was jailed for life,
to serve a minimum of 12 years, after
stabbing to death Patrick Fitzharris,
who had cheated him in a cannabis
deal.
Mr Fitzharris had tried to steal the
drugs by throwing them into a van
driven by a friend and escaping on
foot, but Maxwell gave chase and
stabbed him in the chest with a
10in kitchen knife. He pleaded
guilty to manslaughter and
claimed self-defence but was
convicted of murder.
His Old Bailey trial was
told that he pinned the
victim down. Mr Fitzharris made a call to a friend
to warn them that Maxwell, a father, had a gun
and there was a ?woman
here with two knives?. Jonathan Laidlaw, for the prosecu-
tion, told the court: ?The attack lasted
for about 30 seconds, punching and
kicking Patrick Fitzharris, who at that
stage was on all fours attempting to get
up. Throughout the attack the victim
was calling for the defendant to stop,
saying: ?Leave me, stop?.?
One friend wrote on Facebook:
?Another friend gone too soon.
Another son will grow up without a
father. Another tragic end . . . Loved by
so many. Gonna miss you big bro.?
On a rap song released last year
called Forever Young on a compilation
entitled Porridge, Maxwell said: ?I want
to live for ever but death is a thing that
we can?t escape never.?
Detective Inspector Justin Howick
said: ?I would like to appeal to anyone
with information to contact police at
the earliest opportunity. Detectives are
busy at the scene and working to build
a clear picture of the circumstances of
this fatal attack.?
violence as pair face life
An Old Bailey judge warned of the
dangers surrounding ?drill music? as
two gang members were convicted of
murdering an innocent music producer
yesterday.
Devone Pusey, 20, and Kai Stewart,
18, stabbed Dean Pascal-Modeste, 22, to
death after a feud played out in rap
videos featuring Tim Westwood, the
former Radio 1 DJ.
Both killers appeared in YouTube
videos for Lewisham?s ?B side gang?
which mocked their rivals from the
?Splash gang?. One showed Pusey
standing next to Westwood.
Mr Pascale-Modeste was not affiliated with any gang but he was stabbed up
to 14 times as he made his way to a
recording session with two men associated with Splash in February last year.
Before yesterday?s verdict two gang
members, Alex Scott and Corey
Donaldson, both 18, had already been
convicted of Mr Pascale-Modeste?s
murder and jailed for life with minimum terms of 18 years.
Stewart, of Bellingham, south
London, and Pusey, of Beckenham,
south London, were convicted after a
second trial at the Old Bailey.
Judge Nicholas Cooke, QC, remanded both men in custody to await sentencing on May 17 and warned that those
attracted to drill music may be putting
themselves in the sights of warring
gangs. He said: ?Music, of course, does
not kill people. Music is a great cause
for good, whatever genre or type. But
there is legitimate concern about the
glamorisation of violence in some of
the material we hear in these cases and
this is a good example of this.?
8
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Friday May 4 2018 | the times
News
EU backs Irish right to veto Brexit trade deal
John Walsh, Bruno Waterfield
Oliver Wright
Ireland has the backing of European
leaders to collapse Brexit trade talks
next month if Theresa May fails to force
through a customs pact that avoids a
hard border in Northern Ireland.
Senior EU officials have told Downing Street that next month?s European
summit will suspend negotiations on a
future partnership entirely until the
customs issue is resolved.
The prime minister told cabinet
colleagues on Thursday that the
government had only weeks to present
a unified plan after they rejected her
proposal for a customs partnership
with the bloc. Oliver Robbins, Mrs
May?s chief Brexit negotiator, has been
sent away to work on more ?options?
before a second meeting to take place
within two weeks.
Senior Whitehall sources expressed
scepticism, however, that a compromise could be found. ?I don?t know
what they?ll do,? they said. ?Given the
very strong views in cabinet against the
plan they can?t bring anything close to
that back unless they want a repeat.?
Mr Robbins is due in Brussels today
for a meeting with his EU counterparts
at which he will be asked how Downing
Street intends to resolve the impasse. It
will be made clear to him that there can
be no extension to the June deadline.
An EU official expressed his pessimism. ?This feels like a very big
moment, a disaster,? he said. ?How will
May and Robbins get out of this??
The threat of an Irish veto came at a
private meeting in Dublin last week at
which Simon Coveney, the Irish minister for foreign affairs, said his government would not allow any slippage
beyond June for a broad outline of an
agreement on the Irish border.
Mr Coveney added that the Irish
position had the full backing of Brussels
and the UK government was ?fully
aware? of its demands. The EU side had
expected that Mrs May?s ?partnership?
plan, with some further concessions,
could become the basis for a fudge on
Ireland, then nudging Britain towards a
?camouflaged? customs union during
the transitional period after Brexit.
?Now these are killed by the cabinet, we
cannot see what better alternative
could come that would come close to ?a?
customs union,? said the EU source.
Answering questions in the Commons yesterday, David Davis, the Brexit secretary, said ministers had made a
clear commitment to ensure there
would be no physical infrastructure or
related checks on the border between
Ireland and Northern Ireland. In a
separate development, Jean-Claude
Juncker, the European Commission
president, has said that Britons who
work in the EU should be given Belgian
citizenship after Brexit.
He said Belgium was a kind host to
the EU, and Charles Michel, its prime
minister, should ?show the same generosity when it comes to granting Belgian
citizenship? to British staff of the EU.
Mr Michel said Belgium was ?examining the judicial possibilities?.
About 1,100 British people work for
EU institutions in Brussels and Luxembourg. When the UK leaves the EU,
Britons will no longer be EU citizens
and officials may be required to resign.
The jolly Weeble shows
he is no pushover in
a cabinet of wobblers
Patrick Kidd
Political Sketch
W
ho would have
predicted this time
last year that
Theresa May would
lose four members
of her cabinet and not one would be
a flounce over Brexit? It is a surprise
that one of Boris Johnson, David
Davis and Liam Fox hasn?t made a
grand, futile gesture of immolation
over fishing rights or Gibraltar.
There have been plenty of threats
but like those egg-shaped toys from
the 1970s the leading Leavers stay
upright and jaunty no matter how
buffeted they are. Brexit Weebles
wobble but they don?t fall down.
Mr Davis was the Weeble on duty
yesterday and in a jolly mood having
apparently won an argument in
cabinet over the customs union (an
issue on which, ?friends? told the
papers, he might resign if he didn?t
get his own way). Any suggestion
that he appeared wobbly was met
with loud, if slightly manic, laughter.
Gavin Newlands (SNP, Paisley &
Renfrewshire North) noted that the
bookmakers have the Brexit
secretary at 6-1 to be the next
cabinet minister to leave. ?Those
are good odds, if you ask me,? Mr
Newlands said. ?Will he resign if the
prime minister decides to seek a
customs arrangement with the EU??
?Hahahahahahaha,? laughed Mr
Davis, shaking his head. ?I?m not
sure whether it?s constitutional to
discuss my resignation, Mr Speaker.?
John Bercow, who may have been
more worried about whether
he can stay in post through
the bank holiday,
shrugged. ?I do not
take it to be
imminent,? Mr
Davis said.
Sir Keir Starmer,
his Labour shadow,
said he hadn?t been
entirely certain
that Mr Davis
would be coming
to work that
morning. The
Brexit secretary
Breggsit secretary: David
Davis shares many of
the qualities of a Weeble
threw back his head and howled.
?Does this mean he won the
argument with the prime minister??
Sir Keir asked. ?We are taking time
to get it right,? Mr Davis replied.
Paul Blomfield (Lab, Sheffield
Central) said that the European
Research Group (ERG), an awkward
squad of 60 hard Brexiteers, was
dictating government policy. Mr
Davis fished for a word that would not
offend the rules on parliamentary
language. ?He is putting a non-fact in
front of the House,? he said. Mr Davis
then reminded Labour MPs that
Barry Gardiner, the shadow trade
secretary, had described his own
party?s policy with an eight-letter
obscenity for scrotal contents that is
certainly forbidden by Erskine May.
The government may be in the
gutter when it comes to working out
how to trade across the Irish border
but some are looking at the stars.
Suella Braverman, a junior minister
who until recently traded under her
maiden name of Fernandes, sang of
the success of the UK space agency,
which she said would have 10 per
cent of the global market by 2030
and create 100,000 new jobs.
?Astronomical levels!? she
promised. ?We want the UK to
reach space from our own shores.
Brexit will not pose a barrier to our
journey.? These are the voyages of
the starship Boobyprize. If the US
and China won?t give us a trade deal,
perhaps the Romulans will send
some dilithium crystals in exchange
for a few cases of Lea & Perrins.
John Hayes (C, South Holland and
The Deepings) gleefully took this on,
celebrating Mrs Braverman?s pledge
to ?lead geo-galactic enterprise? and
calling on her to promote Brexit
Britain ?across the cosmos?. Mr
Hayes is an exotic creature.
It perked up Mr Speaker, who had
seemed a bit subdued. Indeed,
when Labour?s Jenny
Chapman described the
ERG demands as
?bullying? he stared at
his feet. But he
recognised a fellow
belletrist in Mr
Hayes and observed
that the Tory veteran
had always
?inhabited his own
galaxy and been the
most shining star in
it?. When Mr Hayes
left, Mr Bercow even
leant out of his chair
to give him a high-five.
Speaker Weeble is also
trying hard not to fall down.
the times | Friday May 4 2018
9
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News
Call it off,
says Markle?s
half-brother
George is
given a
malevolent
alter ego
Valentine Low
T
o millions of
royal family
admirers,
beguiled by
his plump
cheeks and lively eyes,
Prince George is
among the House of
Windsor?s best
ambassadors (Ben
Hoyle writes).
In the hands of Gary
Janetti, however, the
four-year-old prince
becomes a
Shakespearean
monster obsessed by
his birthright. Janetti,
a television writer and
producer based in Los
Angeles, has been
posting sly captions
alongside photographs
of Prince George and
other members of the
royal family on his
Instagram account,
garyjanetti, since last
autumn.
He has more than
300,000 followers,
who are revelling in
what The New York
Times described as
?Game of Thrones,
starring an imperious
toddler in short pants?.
Gary Janetti, a comic
screenwriter, uses
Instagram posts to
imagine Prince George
as a plotter obsessed
by his birthright
He told the paper that
he was ?not a royals
watcher? but was
intrigued by the
prince?s ?expressive
face? and the comic
potential of imagining
him as a ?narcissist?
who is ?obsessed with
being the king?.
On April 20 Janetti
posted a split screen:
on the left, a CNBC
news report headlined
?Prince Charles
reportedly to succeed
Queen as head of the
Commonwealth?. On
the right, George
staring at the camera.
Janetti?s comment,
which was liked 19,493
times, was ?one down,
two to go?.
Janetti has written
for Family Guy and
Will & Grace, and also
wrote Vicious, the ITV
sitcom that starred Ian
McKellen and Derek
Jacobi. His prince is
jealous of the
attention being
heaped on Meghan
Markle. He sees
Prince Harry?s fianc閑
as a ?stumbling block?.
He is bitchy because
?the spotlight has
shifted . . . And she?s
American, which he
would abhor. And she?s
a B actress.?
A CNN story about
?Meghan Markle?s
acting farewell? was
juxtaposed with
George and the
caption: ?I wasn?t
aware there had been
an acting hello.?
?The way I see it,?
Janetti said, ?the
[royal] wedding is the
last episode of the
season . . . But I don?t
know how it?s going to
end.?
The estranged half-brother of Meghan
Markle has written an open letter to
Prince Harry urging him to call off the
royal wedding.
Tom Markle Jr, 51, used the magazine
In Touch to tell the prince that his halfsister, a ?below C average actress? to
whom he has not spoken for seven
years, was ?obviously not the right
woman for you? and that it was not too
late for him to change his mind. ?As
more time passes to your royal wedding, it became very clear that this is the
biggest mistake in royal wedding
history,? he wrote, adding: ?She doesn?t
invite her own family and instead
invites complete strangers to the wedding. Who does that??
The handwritten letter is not the first
clue to the Markle family?s dysfunctional relationships: a half-sister,
Samantha Grant, 53, has told Harry to
?man up?, and criticised him for allowing ?Meg to ignore the Markles?.
Mr Markle, who lives in Grants Pass,
Oregon, claims that their father,
Thomas Markle Sr, went into debt to
support his half-sister?s ambitions of
becoming an actress and has struggled
ever since. He was arrested last year
after an incident in which he was accused of drunkenly holding a gun to his
fianc閑?s head. The case was dropped.
As well as 600 guests at the wedding
on May 19, there will be 2,640 members
of the public watching the procession
inside the grounds of Windsor Castle.
Cancer fiasco hotline overwhelmed
Chris Smyth Health Editor
Georgie Keate
A helpline set up for women worried
about breast cancer screening errors
was overwhelmed as thousands demanded to know whether they had been
affected and what their options were.
More than 8,000 calls were taken
yesterday, but other women were angry
that they could not get through.
All 309,000 living women who
missed out on scans will be contacted
by letter and have been promised
checks if they want them, although
some will have to wait until October to
avoid disrupting routine screening for
patients aged 50 to 70. Women aged up
to 72 will be automatically scheduled
for screening but older women have
been asked to discuss options with a
helpline first, as the risk of needless
treatment increases with age.
Freida McKitrick, 70, an artist from
Liverpool, said that she had been
screened every three years since she
had a hysterectomy aged 38. This
suddenly stopped at some point in the
past five years. ?I knew I had fallen into
the group of women who did not get a
letter for screening and that?s why I was
calling and trying to deal with it but
there was just no way of getting through
to anyone,? she said.
Lee Towsey, 53, from Brighton, rang
the helpline after learning that his
mother, who died from breast cancer in
2012, may have been one of thousands
who had not been invited for a screening. The condition had been diagnosed
in 2010, when she was 68. He said:
?What makes me so angry is the way I
was treated by the person on the helpline. The NHS has palmed this off to a
call centre who do anything from insurance to mobile phones and then find
themselves talking to people affected
by cancer.?
GPs are preparing for an increased
number of appointments by women
who may have missed scans. Emma
Pennery, of Breast Cancer Care, said
that four times as many women as usual
had been contacting the charity after
what she called an ?appalling blunder?.
She said: ?This surge highlights the
gravity of the situation and the sheer
number of people it has impacted. The
women contacting us are feeling angry,
confused and want answers. Many are
anxiously playing a waiting game until
the letters arrive, not knowing if they?ve
been affected. Others are extremely
worried about when their letters will
arrive and how long it will take to get
screened.?
Sarah Wollaston, chairwoman of the
health select committee, said it was
vital that women who missed out on
checks were given balanced information when they called a helpline.
She wrote on Twitter: ?Really
important for all women to have clearly
presented info on both the uncertainties and what we do know about the
balance of risk/benefit of breast cancer
screening in later life, so that they can
make an informed choice.?
Leading article, page 29
Case studies
H
elen Jarvis,
72, a former
NHS
occupational
therapist
from Milton Keynes,
had regular
mammograms until her
late sixties. In February
she found a lump in her
breast and saw her GP
(Georgie Keate writes).
?The doctor said it
wasn?t anything to worry
about, but then he
realised I hadn?t had a
scan for four years.
?I was screened and it
was breast cancer. I have
been lucky not to have
chemotherapy or
radiotherapy but I did
have a mastectomy last
month,? she said.
Mrs Jarvis, who cares
full time for her husband
and daughter, is ?livid?
with the NHS. ?If I had
got my last scan it would
have been caught a year
earlier and I might not
have had to have a
mastectomy,? she said.
After the scandal was
reported she visited the
help website, where she
read that those with
cancer would speak to a
nurse if they rang the
hotline. ?All I got was a
robot saying the line was
busy and then after so
many ?hold the lines?, I
was cut off. This
happened four times
before I got through.
?There was no nurse
to talk to and
there were only two
options: the complaints
procedure and phone
numbers
for breast cancer
charities.?
Mrs Jarvis said she was
angry over ?the
thousands of women in
the same situation and in
particular for those who
have died because their
Helen Jarvis says she was
unable to speak to a nurse
cancer spread. I want
answers about how this
happened. An apology
doesn?t cut it ? someone
needs to fall on their
sword.?
When Mauveen Stone,
84, was found to have
breast cancer in August
last year, doctors said she
had ?slipped through
the net?. The former pub
landlady, from Yeovil in
Somerset, had not been
screened since 1995,
when she was 62 and
given the all-clear. Last
year doctors found she
had a slow-growing
cancer and removed four
lymph nodes. ?The
doctors were surprised
that my last screening
had been in 1995, they
said I must have slipped
under the net,? she said.
?If I was invited for a
screening I most definitely
would have gone like I did
in 1995. I do not know why
I did not get any more
letters. I have been at the
same address since. It was
not something I thought
about until I felt the lump.
?As my cancer was
slow-growing I don?t
know how long it has
been present. But it may
well have been spotted
earlier if I had been sent
the invitation. I was very
lucky it was slow-growing,
other women might not
have been so lucky.?
Failure ?saved
useless surgery?
Chris Smyth
Women who missed out on breast
screening have been told that they may
be better off without it as experts cast
doubt on the programme?s future.
Up to 270 women are thought to have
had their lives shortened by the IT
glitch revealed this week, but an estimated 800 would have avoided pointless surgery by not going to screening.
It is estimated that one death is
avoided for every 200 women aged 5070 who attend breast checks with a type
of x-ray known as mammography. Yet
this comes at a cost of three women
given needless surgery, radiotherapy or
chemotherapy for abnormalities that
would not have caused them problems.
Evidence of the downside of screening has mounted in recent years and in
2012 the NHS programme was forced
to rip up its patient information leaflet
to give women more detail about the
risks involved.
Sir David Spiegelhalter, president of
the Royal Statistical Society, says that
most women who believe that their
lives have been saved by screening are
wrong, because most cancer treatment
as a result of the programme is unnecessary.
He said that this ?invisible harm? had
been avoided by the IT blunder. ?It
means that up to 800 women may have
been saved from harm by not sending
them their final screening appointment
letter, as they avoided possible reduction in their life expectancy through
unnecessary treatment,? he said.
the times | Friday May 4 2018
11
2G M
News
Gossip about staff to boost morale, bosses are told
Greg Hurst Social Affairs Editor
It?s lonely at the top, conventional
wisdom tells us; leaders are supposed
to cultivate a distance from subordinates to preserve their dignity and
authority.
Hope is at hand, however, for lonesome leaders. Research suggests that
engaging in a good gossip with staff
improves team morale.
A particular tip is to drop into some
office banter a passing word of praise
for a colleague who is not party to the
conversation. Once this is conveyed to
the absent member of staff, and others,
the effect is akin to sending an electric
current of positive energy through the
entire team.
The findings were presented at the
annual conference of the British
Psychological Society in Nottingham.
Kirk Chang, professor of organisational behaviour research at Salford
Business School, conducted the study
in collaboration with Chien-Chih Kuo,
a professor at National Chengchi
University, Taiwan.
They said that it was the first study of
its kind to assemble statistical evidence
to show that well-meaning gossip could
have a beneficial effect.
Professor Chang said: ?Gossip is a
term that carries some negative
connotations, but our research suggests that managers who gossip in
positive terms with the team members
are likely to maintain a more committed workforce.?
The researchers assembled panels of
130 managers and 231 of their subordinates chosen at random who work
in seven industries in Taiwan.
They compiled measures for the
managers? predilection to indulge in
workplace gossip and for employees?
attitudes towards their boss, and
matched these to separate surveys
asking staff about their psychological
wellbeing, sense of empowerment
within their team and how likely they
were to stay in their role.
Analysis of the results suggested that
managers who gossiped about employees in a positive way enhanced the
sense of mutual support among the
wider team, who reciprocated by
showing commitment towards their
TMS
diary@thetimes.co.uk | @timesdiary
Take that for
free speech
Sam Gyimah, the universities
minister, wants to ban students
from ?no-platforming? speakers
whom they disagree with, saying
that attempts to silence debate
are ?chilling?. Gyimah has his
own experience of censorship.
When he was president of the
Oxford Union in 1997, a politician
he had invited to speak was
no-platformed. On this occasion,
though, it wasn?t snowflake
students who refused to allow a
controversial voice but the
government. Tariq Aziz, Saddam
Hussein?s deputy prime minister,
had accepted Gyimah?s invitation
to speak to the union but the
Home Office denied him a visa.
Gyimah, below, booked the Take
That singer Mark Owen instead,
who had a better singing voice
than Aziz but was a little sketchy
on Middle Eastern politics.
Many journalists have a tendency
to pomposity (not here, of course)
and few had a greater self-regard
than EW Swanton, the rather grand
Telegraph cricket correspondent. A
new biography has the story of him
giving an engagement present to
the writer Michael Melford, saying
?I thought you would like this.? It
was a signed photo of EW Swanton.
flaccid campaign
Craig MacKenzie, brother of the
former Sun editor Kelvin, stood as
an independent candidate
yesterday in the Surrey borough
of Elmbridge under the slogan
?Don?t be vague, vote for Craig?.
Kelvin is proud of the Sun-style
word play but tells me that
Craig?s partner has a better pun.
Worried that the exertions
of canvassing might be
too stressful for his
heart, she imposed a
sex ban with the title
?No erection before
the election?.
Amber Rudd?s recent trouble with
her Home Office staff reminds me
of the old joke that Mrs Thatcher
used to tell about a tourist stopping
a minister on Whitehall and asking
if he knew which side the Foreign
Office was on. Came the weary
reply: ?The other.?
new fankled language
It is always an education to watch
the SNP in Parliament. Yesterday,
Hansard sent Hannah Bardell, MP
for Livingston, a note to query
what she meant by ?fankle? in
Brexit questions. It turns out to be
Scottish for ?entangle? and is both
beautiful and apt. The accent
sometimes catches out those in
the gallery. In 2013 Jim Sheridan, a
Labour MP in Renfrewshire, called
the SNP ?fearties?, as in people
who are afraid. Hansard sent a
note asking if he?d really called his
opponents ?big fairies?.
MEPs have a stressful life. Well,
that?s what they say. To help them to
unwind, three of them have set up a
Brussels yoga group and invited
other MEPs to join them every
Wednesday. There is scepticism that
it will catch on among the British
contingent. ?I?m yet to meet any
Eurocrat who shows enthusiasm for
being flexible,? a Kipper mutters.
champagne and socialism
For the 50th anniversary of the
Paris student riots, The Spectator
has reprinted a diary that Nancy
Mitford wrote from her house
near Versailles. At the time, it
seemed that the students were one
grievance short of deploying
guillotines but as tear gas spread
over the city, Mitford reacted
in a very British way. ?I?ve
got masses of champagne
and no mineral water, so if
the tap gives out we will be
permanently drunk,? she
wrote. Mitford also noted
that all the chemists had
been looted. ?I do hope
our future rulers are not
hypochondriacs.?
patrick kidd
Office pick-me-ups
Mindfulness Creates harmonious
workplace relations as it increases
empathy, according to a study in the
journal Psychological Science.
Workplace pets Letting dogs roam
around the office is claimed to
reduce stress, improve performance
and increase social interactions.
Playground Google staff in Silicon
Valley relax with table tennis, indoor
slides and games consoles.
manager. People who worked for a
gossiping boss also reported higher
levels of psychological wellbeing, team
spirit and sense of job satisfaction.
Curiously, the findings suggested
that the reverse did not apply for
managers: bosses who were rude about
members of their staff did not seem to
have any negative impact on their
esprit de corps.
Among subordinate team members
themselves, however, ?positive? gossip
by colleagues had a beneficial effect
while ?negative? gossip was damaging
to morale and staff commitment.
Professor Chang said: ?Our research
shows that gossiping in the workplace
can be a good thing, but only if the comments made about those who are not
present are positive in nature and it
does not become rumour.
?Traditional wisdom suggests that
managers should keep their distance
and not gossip about their team members but as long as comments are kept
positive it may actually allow them to
maintain a more committed and empowered team.
?Having a good relationship with a
manager is associated with both psychological wellbeing and job satisfaction so this research could have implications for how managers interact with
their staff.?
the times | Friday May 4 2018
13
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News
TIMES PHOTOGRAPHER JACK HILL
Kew?s giant
glasshouse
opens after
�m refit
I
t has taken 15,000
new panes of glass
and the reassembly
of about 69,000
components, but
after a five-year refit the
Temperate House at
Kew Gardens reopened
last night (Jonathan
Morrison writes).
In the most complex
repairs ever undertaken
at the Unesco world
heritage site, the frame
of the giant Grade Ilisted glasshouse,
designed by Decimus
Burton in 1860, was
stripped back to metal
and coated with
5,280 litres of the paint
used on oil rigs, while
damaged masonry and
much of the roof was
also replaced.
The � million
restoration by the
conservation architects
Donald Insall
Associates, which will
help to oversee the
refurbishment of the
Palace of Westminster,
added a computerised
ventilation system,
biomass plant and
cathodic protection to
halt corrosion. In the
process, some 10,000
plants of 1,500 species
were ?decanted?.
Aim閑 Felton, of
Donald Insall, said:
?Putting 69,000 pieces
back together again was
easier said than done.
When we tried to put
things back in perfect
alignment, we found
there were leaks ? of
course, the building had
been built by craftsmen
rather than robots. So
Kew is a test bed for
Westminster. They offer
Too lazy for hard toil on Tinder?
Just call in the seducers for hire
Mark Bridge Technology Correspondent
Katie Gibbons
Ladies, the alpha male you?ve been
flirting with on Tinder could be another
woman following a manual of scripted
pick-up lines.
The lid has been lifted on a service
used by busy professionals who pay
�0 to �200 a month for strangers to
blitz the most attractive dating profiles
with one-liners and secure dates.
The US-based Virtual Dating
Assistants (Vida) service boasts 2,500
?satisfied customers?, including a ?ton?
of clients in London. It is among a
handful of services, including Personal
Dating Assistants and Tinder Done for
You, that promise romantic success
with minimal effort.
Chloe Stuart-Ulin, right, a freelance
journalist, has spoken about her work
as a ?closer? for Vida, one of three
categories of paid seducers in addition
to profile-writers and matchmakers.
Writing for the Quartz website, she
claimed that profile-writers, whose task
is to set up winning profiles for clients
across sites such as Tinder and Bumble,
recycled the same clich閟. ?If a client
has a dog, all the profile-writer needs to
do is search for the word ?dog? in
their manual and choose from a
list of dog-related one-liners.?
Matchmakers then send opening messages en masse to
people who meet their clients?
preferences. For middle-aged
men this is typically women
in their early 20s, she said.
For this bracket, she claimed
that matchmakers were
advised to stick to ?low cognitive load? openers so the
recipient doesn?t have
to ?think too hard?.
These include: ?Dear
[MATCH NAME], You
seem like someone with a
lot of confidence. What?s
The chat-up lines
?A beautiful seaplane. A suitcase full
of cash. And a dashing co-pilot.
Where to??
?Hey. As an animal lover, I want to
find out your opinion . . . dressing
up your dog: yes or no??
?Your dad will never approve?
?Why don?t we go halfsies on a
bottle of Jack and create a
bastard child before next
weekend??
your secret? A) all-in-one
shampoo and conditioner, B)
high-fibre diet, C) Photoshop.? The company?s
manuals, written by its
founder, Scott Valdez, say
there?s ?no question? that
?women want to date the al-
pha male?. To play the part, matchmakers should ?never compliment her
without a qualification . . . Let her know
what you want in a woman and make
her explain why she fits those criteria.?
Mr Valdez told Quartz that his
service appealed to cash-rich, timepoor professionals, one third of whom
were women. The business grew out of
his own experience of online dating. ?I
wasn?t interested in hooking up with
the sleazy drunk girl everyone else was
having their fun with. I was interested
in high quality, ?marriage-material?
women,? he writes on the website. ?The
problem is that sifting, sorting and
swiping through hundreds of profiles is
a lot of work. Coming up with a clever
way to break the ice with dozens of
women . . . handling all the back and
forth messaging once they respond . . .
working out the logistics of where and
when to meet. Good grief ? it was like
a part-time job.?
Edward Lucas, page 27
Migraines may be the legacy of hardy ancestors
Oliver Moody Science Correspondent
Europeans may have evolved a susceptibility to migraines because an underlying gene protected their ancestors
against the cold, a study has suggested.
Up to one Briton in five is afflicted by
the headaches. Researchers think one
reason that migraines are common at
northerly latitudes but rarer around the
equator is a trade-off between a sore
head and an ability to cope with the
cold. They have singled out a gene
known to affect sensitivity to cold, pain
and the chilly sensation of menthol.
In the UK, 80 per cent of people carry
a variant of the gene, which elevates the
odds of having migraines by about 5 per
cent. In Finland the figure is 87 per cent,
but in Sierra Leone it is 3 per cent.
Geneticists led by Felix Key and Aida
Andr閟, of the Max Planck Institute for
Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig,
analysed populations from at least 18
countries. Their study, in Plos Genetics,
shows that the cold-friendly mutation
becomes more common as you move
north. The scientists think that the
gene began to spread through the forebears of modern Europeans near the
peak of the last big ice age, 26,500 years
ago, and was dominant by 1,000BC.
Professor Andr閟 said that when Homo sapiens moved into Europe, which
was far colder then, those without the
mutation would have struggled to survive and pass on their genes. Migraines
may be an unfortunate by-product.
?Because humans have migrated to
regions of the world that have very
different temperatures . . . [cold sensitivity is] an obvious candidate,? she said.
Aarno Palotie at the Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland, who linked
the gene to migraines several years ago,
said the association was a ?neat? idea
but his latest paper, published yesterday in Neuron, shows that no single
gene has a big influence on whether
people have migraines. A study of more
than 300,000 Finns found that hundreds of variants contributed.
Craftsmanship and new
technology have played a
part in the Temperate
House?s restoration
the same proposition of
academic thought versus
realities. But unlike
MPs, plants don?t have
an opinion about where
they?re sent to.?
Early birds
watch the
TV on iPad
Matthew Moore Media Correspondent
Britons use tablets to watch television
programmes at the breakfast table,
work computers to catch up on shows
over lunch and smartphones to enjoy
video clips in bed after midnight.
Although television remains the
preferred screen on which to watch
programmes, alternative devices have
become increasingly popular, according to a report by Barb, the body that
compiles audience figures for British
broadcasters.
Use of online devices varies throughout the day. The popularity of tablets
peaks in the morning at 7am, with
58 per cent of all device viewing. The
report suggested that this could partly
be because of parents using the devices
as ?breakfast-time childminders?.
PCs were viewed mostly between
12pm and 3pm, as office workers
watched programmes during their
lunch breaks. Smartphone viewing as a
proportion of total viewing on online
devices was highest between 1am and
5am, suggesting that it was the most
convenient option for people in bed.
Barb previously only monitored
figures for television programmes, but
now includes catch-up viewing and is
working on methods of tracking the
popularity of programmes on subscription services such as Netflix.
Blue Planet II, Strictly Come Dancing
and I?m a Celebrity . . . Get Me Out of
Here! were the most-watched programmes of last year. The New Year?s
Day episode of Sherlock received the
most ?timeshifted? views of any television programme, with millions of
people watching it on BBC iPlayer in
the week after it was broadcast.
14
2G M
Friday May 4 2018 | the times
News
Voters turned away from council
polls for having no identification
DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS/AFP/GETTY IMAGES
Henry Zeffman Political Reporter
The largest test of public opinion since
last year?s snap election took place yesterday amid complaints from Labour
about a scheme requiring voters to
provide identification.
Trial runs of the measure to prevent
electoral fraud caused controversy
soon after polls opened for local elections. Officials in Bradford were reported to be asking for identification even
though the city was not one of the five
areas piloting the scheme.
Trials took place in Bromley, southeast London; Swindon;
Woking, Surrey; Watford; and Gosport,
Hampshire, with most
problems reported in
Bromley. In Bromley,
Woking and Gosport
people had to show a
photo ID or two documents from a qualifying
list. In Swindon and
Watford, they needed
only their polling card.
Angela Wilkins, leader
of the Labour group in
Conservative-controlled
Bromley, said five people
had been unable to vote
because of the scheme
and that there had been
long delays. The presiding
officer at the polling
Voting at a pub in Kensington & Chelsea; dogged devotion in Anfield
V
sstation at Sydenham Tenn
nis Club, however, said
tthat ?only a very small
p
percentage? of voters had
fo
forgotten or been unable
tto give ID.
Peter White, 76, who
li
lives in Bromley, said he
h
had been unable to vote
d
despite knowing voluntteers at the polling sta-
tion. ?I can?t vote even though the
people know me here and I have been a
candidate,? he told The Independent.
?This is a nonsense scheme.?
Ellie Reeves, Labour MP for Lewisham West & Penge, which covers part
of Bromley, said that two people had
been turned away because they did not
have ID. ?Just been to vote,? she tweeted. ?Was informed that two people had
already turned up without ID this
morning so had been unable to vote.
Very worrying and backs up all the
evidence that the voter ID pilot in
Bromley is plain wrong.?
Cat Smith, the shadow minister for
voter engagement, said that the government had been warned that there
would be problems. ?Instead of
listening to the experts and the vast
evidence base, the government decided
to implement a mistaken policy with
the full knowledge that voters could be
disenfranchised.?
The electoral commission said that
returning officers had run awareness
campaigns. Theresa May?s spokesman
said: ?Local authorities told all voters
that they need to bring a form of ID in
these pilot areas. The overwhelming
majority of people are casting their vote
without a problem.?
Labour was hopeful last night of
emerging as the biggest winner because
many of the 4,300 seats being contested
were in London, although some forecasts had suggested the Conservatives
could make modest net gains on 2014.
Seats were contested in all 32 London
boroughs and about 120 councils,
including every ward in Birmingham,
Manchester, Leeds and Newcastle.
There were mayoral elections in
Hackney, Lewisham, Newham, and
Tower Hamlets in London; Watford;
and the Sheffield city region, but no
polls outside England.
Philip Collins, page 25
Lockerbie case
review could
lead to appeal
Mike Wade
An official review of the evidence
against the Lockerbie bomber is to be
held, to determine whether his family
can appeal against his conviction.
The Scottish Criminal Cases Review
Commission (SCCRC) ruled that Abdul
Baset Ali al-Megrahi had abandoned a
previous appeal in 2009 ?as he held a
genuine and reasonable belief that such
a course of action would result in him
being able to return home to Libya?. At
the time he had terminal cancer.
Al-Megrahi, a Libyan, was found
guilty of mass murder for the destruction of Pan Am flight 103 over Lockerbie, in December 1988, killing 270
people. He was jailed for 27 years in
2001 but died aged 60 of prostate
cancer in 2012, three years after his
release on compassionate grounds.
Gerard Sinclair, chief executive of
the SCCRC, said that the commission
had decided that it was ?in the interests
of justice? to accept an application from
al-Megrahi?s family for a full review of
his conviction.
Al-Megrahi insisted in his authorised
biography that a Scottish government
decision to agree his early release from
prison was conditional on his decision
to drop his appeal.
Jim Swire, whose daughter Flora died
in the bombing and who has long campaigned on al-Megrahi?s behalf, said he
heard the news of the review ?with
great pleasure?.
the times | Friday May 4 2018
15
2G M
News
ALFRED G BUCKHAM/NATIONAL GALLERIES OF SCOTLAND/SWNS
Deaths of two
more students
add to welfare
fears at Bristol
Rosemary Bennett Education Editor
Bristol University has confirmed that a
fourth-year electrical and engineering
student died suddenly last month and a
second-year physicist died this week.
Alex Elsmore, the engineering student, fell from Clifton suspension
bridge on April 21, the university confirmed. The unnamed physics student
died on Monday and an email to all of
their peers was sent yesterday morning, saying that the university had been
told by the student?s family about ?the
sudden and unexpected death?.
The university has been under scrutiny over a number of student deaths. It
is believed that eight Bristol University
students have taken their own lives in
the past two years, although inquests
into the other deaths found no links
between the cases.
In a statement on the most recent
death the university said that it was
?deeply saddened?. It added: ?Sadly,
this is the second death in a short
period of time and the university is doing everything we can to support all
those affected by these deaths.?
In a statement on Mr Elsmore?s
death, the university said that it had
spoken to the family of the student and
that they had requested privacy. ?We
are not aware of any suspicious
circumstances surrounding his
death and the coroner will hold
an inquest in due course,? it
said. ?It is immensely distressing for members of our university community to learn that one
of our students has died, and we
know it will be especially difficult
for those who knew and studied
alongside the student.?
The university urged any
students or staff affected to
Alex Elsmore, a
final-year student,
fell from Clifton
suspension bridge
contact university support services, as
well as seeking support from friends or
family. It is understood that Mr Elsmore was from Liverpool and was a
popular student who was embarking
on his final term.
Bristol University has been undertaking a review of its student health
services, putting �million into its
mental health and well-being provision. It has appointed 28 full-time wellbeing professionals as well as 18 advisers and a network of student mentors.
In March a second-year economics
undergraduate died suddenly. Omojola Ogundipe was a leading member of
a university gospel choir, joint president of the spoken word poetry and
creative writing society and a campaigner on green and sustainability
issues.
The neighbouring University of the
West of England has also suffered the
loss of two students in the same period.
The family of one criticised it for failing
to offer them support after her death.
Emmy Hunt, whose daughter Raven, 21, was in her third year at UWE,
said that she heard nothing from the
institution in the months afterwards,
including during an inquest into her
daughter?s death. She decided to speak
out after the death of the Bristol University student Justine Cheng
in January. Ms Cheng, a
third-year law student from
Toronto, Canada, had suffered from severe depression. UWE has apologised for
the distress it caused.
Universities are increasingly
concerned about mental
health problems among
students. Almost five
times as many disclose a mental health
condition to their
university as they
did ten years ago, a
study found last
year.
Bird?s eye view This aerial image of Edinburgh was taken by Alfred Buckham, a pioneer of the art, in about 1920. Buckham,
the navy?s first head of aerial reconnaissance, believed his best shots were made standing up and he survived nine crashes
Scrap essays to stop cheats, universities told
Rosemary Bennett
Universities have been urged to stop
relying on the traditional written essay
to assess students in order to overcome
the scourge of ?contract cheating?.
Online essay mills, companies selling
essays and coursework, have sprung up
all over the world. An Australian study
said 6 per cent of students there had
bought at least one essay or paid for
work they submitted for their degree.
Though software packages can spot
?cut and paste? plagiarised work, essay
companies offer bespoke services that
are more difficult to identify.
The large number of such companies
means prices have fallen. Bespoke
essays that would once have cost hundreds of pounds now go for as little as
�, Douglas Blackstock, chief executive of the Quality Assurance Agency
watchdog, said.
He said the problem was so serious
that the agency was reconvening its
expert group on cheating to tackle it. In
the meantime, he is advising universities to try different ways of assessing
students to ensure work is their own.
He said: ?It is about making sure the
student has the knowledge presented
in their written work. Obviously exams
are one way of doing this, but there are
other forms of face-to-face assessment
that work, for example students being
asked to discuss their essay or present
it.? He said that software that could spot
bespoke essay cheats would soon be
available.
?Rapist should be ashamed, not me? Journalist set to be tried
A young woman who was raped by a
stranger after she asked him for
directions has described the attack on
social media, saying that she has
nothing to be ashamed of.
Emily-Rose Hinnells, 19, was led
down a dead end next to the River Aire
in Leeds by Neil McNally, 33, who had
approached her to ask for change. He
punched her and raped her, before leaving with her phone and a bank card.
Ms Hinnells used Facebook to share
details of the attack on January 20 soon
after it happened, but was asked by
police to remove her post until the
investigation was over.
McNally was jailed for 15 years last
week after pleading guilty at Leeds
crown court to rape, assault by penetration, robbery and fraud. Ms Hinnells,
who has a one-year-old daughter, has
returned to Facebook to warn women
about the risks of talking to strangers.
?I am not ashamed to have been
raped. I know it is not my fault,? she
said. ?This is not a dirty little secret. He
is the one who has to live with what he
has done for the rest of his life. He is the
one who should be ashamed of himself,
not me.
?You get brought up and you always
get told not to talk to strangers, but the
older you get the less important it
Emily-Rose
Hinnells warned
women to be
wary of strangers
seems to become. I never thought
something like this would happen . . .
because it?s one of those things you
don?t expect to happen. But sadly they
do happen, and so easily. Please
wherever you are stay safe, stay with
your friends.?
Ms Hinnells, who is from Leeds, was
with friends looking for a flat one had
rented for a birthday celebration when
McNally approached her. ?I assumed
he was a harmless homeless guy and
ended up asking him for directions,?
she said. ?Unfortunately, he wasn?t
harmless, or homeless.?
When McNally?s attack started, Ms
Hinnells did not fight back because she
feared he might throw her into the river.
?I just couldn?t stop thinking about my
little girl and was so scared that I might
not see her again,? she wrote.
After the rape, she said, she was afraid
?of everything. It was like being a child
scared of a monster under the bed.? She
later decided, however, that she ?wasn?t
going to let this man win?.
?I do not dwell on it or fear him,? she
said. ?Being so vocal has allowed me to
defy him, I refuse to be a victim.?
Ms Hinnells has said that she will
compete in Tough Mudder, the endurance obstacle race, to raise money for
Rape Crisis.
in Paris over 1996 murder
Adam Sage Paris
A British journalist is set to be tried in
his absence in Paris over the murder of
a French television producer in Ireland
more than 20 years ago.
The Cour de Cassation, France?s
supreme court, upheld a request by
prosecutors to try Ian Bailey over the
killing of Sophie Toscan du Plantier, 39,
in Co Cork in December 1996.
Jean-Pierre Gazeau, her uncle, said:
?This lifts the last obstacle in the way of
a trial in France. It is a real relief after so
many years.?
Mr Bailey, 61, from Manchester, denies having anything to do with her
death and indicated that he would take
the case to the European Court of
Human Rights, though that would not
suspend the legal procedure.
Dublin refused French requests to
extradite the Briton in 2010 and 2016,
but Paris would almost certainly issue a
third warrant if he were found guilty.
Mrs Toscan du Plantier was beaten
over the head and crushed with a large
concrete block near the isolated
cottage she owned in Schull. Irish
police detective described it as an
?unbelievably vicious? attack. Mr
Bailey, a freelance journalist who lived
nearby, was arrested twice but not
charged after Ireland?s director of
public prosecutions threw out the case
against him.
Mrs Toscan du Plantier?s relatives
filed a criminal lawsuit in France, forcing prosecutors in Paris to open their
own inquiry.
The court was told that ?although no
material proof can be brought forward,
the cluster of clues concerning Ian
Bailey are sufficient?.
16
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Friday May 4 2018 | the times
News
Tycoon attacks MPs who
called him Kremlin agent
Oliver Wright Policy Editor
The billionaire founder of a pro-Brexit
think tank has accused MPs of abusing
their position to name him as a Russian
agent without the risk of being sued.
Writing in The Times Christopher
Chandler says that the MPs made
?untrue and damaging statements?
while under parliamentary privilege
after he was accused on Tuesday of
being an ?object of interest? to the
French, who suspected him of ?working
for the Russian intelligence services?.
The accusation was made by Bob
Seely, a Conservative member of the
foreign affairs select committee. He
cited security files that he said were
authenticated by French, British and
US sources.
Mr Chandler, a New Zealand-born
tycoon in his late 50s, provides financial
support to the Legatum Institute, a
London-based think tank with strong
links to cabinet ministers, MPs, economists and campaigners for a hard
Brexit. He provides support through
the Legatum Group, a Dubai-based
hedge fund he controls. Legatum has
always denied taking a stance on Brexit.
In his article, Mr Chandler denies
that he had ?been associated with the
Russian state in any capacity?. He
accuses the MPs of making ?unspecified allegations of wrongdoing based on
a discredited report from 16 years ago?.
?Impugning my reputation while
hiding behind parliamentary privilege
shows the lack of confidence which
they have in their claims. By using the
floor of parliament to make defamatory,
untrue and damaging statements, these
MPs degrade public discourse and
undermine the very democracy they
purport to be protecting,? he says.
He calls on the MPs to publish their
?dossier? of evidence against him.
Mr Seely, MP for the Isle of Wight,
made the allegations during a debate on
money laundering and said that he and
his colleagues were speaking ?in the
Christopher
Chandler says
the claims against
him are part of an
anti-Brexit plot
national interest? to fight the ?malign
influence? of Russia. Mr Seely, who was
elected last year and is pro-Brexit, was
supported by the Tory MP Adam Holloway and three anti-Brexit Labour
MPs, Chris Bryant, Ben Bradshaw and
Liam Byrne. Their claims are based on
police files from 2005, which contained
information provided by Monaco
police and French intelligence covering
a period from the mid-1990s.
?Mr Chandler is described as having
been ?an object of interest to the DST
[Direction de la Surveillance du Terri-
toire, France?s now-dissolved equivalent to MI5] since 2002 on suspicion of
working for the Russian intelligence
services?,? Mr Seely said.
Speaking of Mr Chandler?s backing
of the Legatum Institute, Mr Byrne said
he ?happens to run an important think
tank that has enjoyed unrivalled access
to ministers in one of the most important national debates in this country.
And the risk that we are running at the
moment is that this support is financed
from sources that derive from the Russian republic.?
Mr Chandler denies that he had any
involvement in the institute?s work and
says he has never expressed a view on
Britain leaving the EU.
?Many in the media and these MPs
suggest otherwise, but I challenge them
to point to one example of any statement by me one way or the other on
Brexit,? he says. ?They cannot. Regardless of this truth, they seek to make me
an emblem of Brexit and then, as with
all others they perceive as enemies, discredit me in their quest to reverse the
decision of the British public.?
The MPs said that they would
publish the dossier on Mr Chandler
next week. Since the allegations were
first made against him his company has
undertaken an extensive lobbying and
PR campaign to defend his reputation
and has denied allegations that
Legatum was being used to promote
Brexit.
That?s enough
innuendo and
slander ? now
show us proof
Christopher Chandler
Comment
A
s a New Zealander, I have
always been proud that
my country is ranked as
the least corrupt nation
on the planet ? my
upbringing there shaped my values,
business and life. Yet yesterday, four
members of parliament made a
harsh, public attack on my integrity.
The apparent purpose of the attack
is to discredit someone they believe
to be an opponent in their campaign
to reverse Brexit.
The substance of their statements
is untrue. I am not and never have
been associated with the Russian
state in any capacity. There is no
evidence to support claims to the
contrary. The truth is that over the
past four decades my global
investment activities, commercial
and philanthropic, have deliberately
and measurably improved the lives
of hundreds of millions of people.
The MPs? unspecified allegations
of wrongdoing are being based on a
discredited report from 16 years ago.
They have refused to release the
report to me. Calling for a response
while hiding the document at issue
is patently dishonest. Impugning my
reputation while hiding behind
parliamentary privilege shows the
lack of confidence which they have
in their claims.
What is at stake here is something
much more important than my
reputation, which remains secure.
By using the floor of parliament to
make defamatory, untrue and
damaging statements, these MPs
degrade public discourse and
undermine the democracy they
purport to be protecting.
I have never taken a public position
on Brexit. Many in the media and
these MPs suggest otherwise, but I
challenge them to point to one
example of any statement by me one
way or the other on Brexit. They
cannot. Regardless of this truth, they
seek to make me an emblem of
Brexit and then, as with all others
they perceive as enemies, discredit
me in their quest to reverse the
decision of the British public.
The MPs are alleging that I was
investigated 16 years ago by the
authorities in Monaco. Even if there
was an investigation, I was never ?
not once ? contacted or questioned
by the authorities in Monaco or any
other authority about Russia, or any
other questions about the propriety
of my business affairs.
When Liam Byrne first raised
some of these issues in the New
European in November, he was
given a detailed rebuttal to help him
to understand the facts and embrace
the truth. He did not respond.
Instead, he repeated the innuendo
and slander from the floor of
parliament ? beyond accountability.
I again call on these MPs to provide
us with their ?secret? dossier so that
the issues can be properly addressed
and truth can prevail.
the times | Friday May 4 2018
17
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News
Met sacks undercover officer for deceiving women into relationships
Fiona Hamilton Crime Editor
A detective constable yesterday became
the first police officer sacked from Scotland Yard for his role in the undercover
policing scandal in which female activists
were deceived into sexual relationships.
Jim Boyling, who is believed to have
entered into three separate relationships with women he spied on, was
found guilty of gross misconduct after
an independent disciplinary hearing.
The panel found he had breached
the standards of professional behaviour
after forming a ?long-term intimate
sexual relationship? with a woman
using his cover identity, Jim Sutton. He
ultimately married her and they had
two children before divorcing.
Mr Boyling, who worked for the
Met?s covert Special Demonstration
Squad between 1995 and 2000, infiltrating environmental and animal
rights campaign groups, was dismissed
without notice last night. The squad
was disbanded in 2008.
The Met said that he took steps to
conceal his relationship from the force
and disclosed confidential information.
Mr Boyling, who did not attend his
disciplinary hearing, was suspended in
November 2015 after the woman, who
now uses the pseudonym Rosa, revealed
she had a sexual relationship with him.
She said she was deceived into a
relationship with Mr Boyling in 1999
when he infiltrated Reclaim the Streets
and Earth First. He then went missing,
claiming to be suffering a mental breakdown. When he later walked into a shop
where she was working, she said he
admitted he was a spy but had instead
worked against the police to protect her
movement. They married and had two
children before divorcing in 2008.
Rosa said yesterday: ?My life partner
was fabricated by the state. I was
pregnant within two weeks of his
reappearance and bore children by the
actor, a random police officer, who had
played my partner.?
She was one of seven women deceived
into relationships who won an apology
and payout from the Met in 2015.
Mr Boyling said he was ?astonished?
the Met denied knowledge of the rela-
tionship and said that he had made a
full declaration of his marriage and
divorce to the vetting unit.
He said: ?The Met does a good line in
selective amnesia, as they do in selective
disclosure. The position of the Met
appears to be a relationship entered into
as an operational tactic is acceptable, but
a genuine one resulting in marriage and
children constitutes misconduct.?
Deputy Assistant Commissioner
Richard Martin said: ?Jim Boyling?s
actions as an undercover officer were
unacceptable.?
HATZOLA/STORYFUL; @999LONDON
Children
injured at
Jewish fire
ceremony
A
Hundreds of people had
gathered closely around
the fire before it exploded.
Paramedics and Hatzola
treated the victims
alight by Rabbi Leone
Rabinowitz.
The explosion
knocked over many of
those in the crowd while
others fell in the panic
that ensued as clumps of
burning cotton wool
covered spectators.
David Lubel, a
paramedic with the
volunteer Jewish
ambulance service
Hatzola, said that he
had been sure at first
that there must be
deaths as he began
treating those with the
most serious injuries.
Remarkably, most
escaped with only minor
injuries. All the
children, aged from
seven to 12, who were
Dangerous state of roads
?is a national emergency?
Graeme Paton Transport Correspondent
The condition of Britain?s roads is
turning into a ?national emergency?,
with rising numbers of cyclists seriously
injured and cars damaged.
Research published today by the AA
found that almost nine in ten drivers say
that roads have deteriorated in the past
decade. In the past year the number of
motorists describing the state of local
roads as ?poor? has risen by a quarter.
The harsh winter resulted in a sharp
rise in the number of potholes, with
an increase in breakdowns caused
by uneven surfaces. These include
damaged shock absorbers, broken
suspension and distorted wheels.
The AA insisted that roads were
already in a ?perilous state? because of
years of underfunding and the freezing
conditions and wet weather had caused
the network to crumble in many areas.
Industry experts say that �3 billion is
needed to bring all roads up to scratch.
The government is investing about
�billion a year in local roads and said
The Times report last Monday on plans
to tackle the nation?s crumbling streets
recently that another �0 million was
being spent to repair routes affected by
the severe winter weather.
Edmund King, president of the AA,
said this was ?little more than papering
over the cracks? and that long-term
measures were needed. He proposes
diverting 2p a litre from fuel duty to
create a dedicated �billion pothole
fund, in effect doubling central government investment in the roads network.
?It is clear that despite all the talk
from central and local government, not
enough is being done to fix our
increasingly dangerous streets,? he said.
?Our potholed roads are in a perilous
state. AA breakdown operations are
rescuing record numbers of drivers
whose tyres or wheels are damaged by
potholes.?
He urged Chris Grayling, the
transport secretary, to ?convince the
Treasury to allow more funds for roads
maintenance in what is fast becoming a
national emergency?.
The AA surveyed more than 17,500
members and found that 88 per cent
thought the roads are worse now than
ten years ago. Sixty-seven per cent said
that roads had ?considerably deteriorated? over the past decade. Official
figures show that crumbling roads have
contributed to the deaths or serious
injuries of 390 cyclists in the past decade.
A Department for Transport spokeswoman said: ?We are already providing
councils in England with over �billion
to help improve the condition of
local highways. While it is for councils
to identify where repairs should be
undertaken, we are also looking at how
innovative technology can help them
keep their roads in the best condition
and save money.?
Letters, page 28
taken to hospital
returned home after
treatment for burns and
in one case a suspected
fractured ankle. Mr
Lubel, 31, said: ?The
area was covered in
hundreds of shoes,
people had been literally
blown out of their shoes.
I thought we definitely
had fatalities.?
About 25 people were
treated for minor burns
and injuries from the
crush.
Huge outlay on motorways
despite reduction in traffic
Graeme Paton
Billions of pounds spent upgrading
motorways and roads may be a waste of
money because traffic levels are expected to fall, ministers have been told.
A study said that people were travelling ?less often and less far? by car
because of the rise of internet shopping,
Netflix and flexible working.
The Commission on Travel Demand
said that individuals used cars and
other vehicles 14 per cent less than they
did in 2002, with more of those in their
late teens and early 20s shunning car
ownership altogether.
It said that the government was
failing to consider these findings in its
forecasts, which predict higher vehicle
use. This has been used to justify huge
road building schemes, with � billion
being spent on motorways before 2020.
Traffic has reached record levels,
driven largely by population growth. A
study this year said that Britain was the
most congested country in western
Europe. However, the commission, led
by Professor Greg Marsden, from the
University of Leeds, suggested that
government assumptions about rising
Miles travelled by car
1,000s per person per annum
Shire town, resort and rural
Districts with industry and new towns
Metropolitan areas
5
Greater London
Source: Commission on Travel Demand, May 2018
n explosion
during the
lighting of a
ceremonial
fire knocked
hundreds of members of
a Jewish congregation
off their feet and left ten
children with burns that
needed hospital
treatment (David Brown
writes).
A 10ft cone wrapped
in cotton wool and
doused with litres of
olive oil went up ?like a
bomb? after being lit by
a rabbi outside a north
London synagogue on
Wednesday night.
More than 700 people
had gathered around the
fire built in the road in
Stamford Hill for the
annual Lag BaOmer
celebration.
Organisers from the
Biala synagogue said
they believed an overenthusiastic volunteer
had added too much
petrol before it was set
19 71
4
3
2
1
0
81
91
01
11
car use were ?limited and sometimes
wrong?. It said that vehicles were likely
to travel 70 billion miles less by 2040
than the government predicted.
The Department for Transport said
that it ?regularly updates its forecasts
and evidence base to ensure they remain up to date for planning future
transport investment. While on average individuals are travelling less often,
total travel demand is increasing . . . Our
planning reflects this.?
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Friday May 4 2018 | the times
News
ROBERT PERRY/GETTY IMAGES
Surge in sex cases
abandoned over
hidden evidence
Richard Ford Home Correspondent
Frances Gibb Legal Editor
What goes around The artist Hilary Jack with a piece made in response to the history of Mellerstain House, near Kelso
The number of sexual offence cases
dropped because of a failure by police
or prosecutors to disclose evidence has
risen sixfold in four years.
Official figures show a steady yearon-year increase in sex crime prosecutions being abandoned over issues
around the disclosure of information.
The Crown Prosecution Service figures
follow the high-profile collapse of
several rape cases after failures to share
evidence with defence solicitors.
They prompted the CPS to launch a
review this year into every rape and serious sexual assault case in England
and Wales and a package of emergency
measures to shore up public confidence
in the justice system.
The latest figures show that 23 sexual
offence cases were stopped at magistrates? and crown courts because of disclosure problems in 2017/18, up from
four in 2013/14.
Evidence from Alison Saunders,the
retiring director of public prosecutions,
shows that the number of sex cases
being dropped over disclosure problems has risen every year since 2013/14.
In December, The Times revealed
that the trial of Liam Allan, who faced
12 counts of rape and sexual assault,
had been halted. The case against Mr
Allan, 22, was dropped when it emerged
that evidence on a computer disc,
which police had looked through, included messages from the alleged victim pestering him for ?casual sex?.
Days later, another prosecution case
collapsed against Isaac Itiary, who was
facing trial at Inner London crown
court, accused of raping a child. He was
charged in July but police only disclosed ?relevant material? in response
to his defence case statement as his trial
was about to start. Overall, 841 cases
were dropped over a failure to disclose
evidence in 2017/8, a fall of 8 per cent on
the 916 in the previous year. More than
700 cases were abandoned at magistrates? court with just over 100 dropped
at crown courts, the figures show.
Among those dropped were 230
cases of offences against the person, 24
burglary cases, 84 theft and handling
and 256 motoring offences. The figures
have been provided to the Commons
justice select committee which is carrying out an investigation into the disclosure of evidence in criminal cases.
Ms Saunders said: ?The figure of 841
is 8 per cent lower than in 2016/17 but
clearly every case of this type is a cause
of significant concern.?
She added in her written evidence to
the committee: ?We do not record whether the failure was that of the police or
the CPS because there is rarely a clear
apportioning of blame.? Often police
officers will provide poor schedules of
evidence, she said, but prosecutors will
fail to challenge them sufficiently.
In separate evidence to the committee, the CPS and the National Police
Chiefs? Council admitted that their performance on disclosure ?has generally
not been good enough?.
They said that they had ?not reacted
quickly enough? to previous inspection
reports that highlighted problems over
the issue.
Jeremy Wright, the attorney-general, is conducting a review into disclosure processes including codes of practice, guidelines and legislation relating
to sex offences and other crimes.
Baroness Chakrabarti, the shadow
attorney-general, said: ?The government needs to explain the context behind these figures. How late in the day
are these trials folding and are the relevant authorities adequately resourced
to meet their public safety and criminal
justice obligations??
Judges to be offered help
coping with online abuse
Frances Gibb
Judges and magistrates are being
offered training sessions in how to
avoid stress because of the ?intolerable
pressure? of abuse on social media and
increasing number of disturbing sex
and child abuse cases.
The course has been created by the
Judicial College, the training body for
judges, with the aim of helping them to
cope with and manage stress, as well as
to build resilience. It is being offered as
an online course to all judges and
magistrates in England and Wales.
Lord Burnett of Maldon, the lord
chief justice, told The Times that the
programme was designed to assist
judges ?in dealing with the inevitable
pressures of a difficult job, particularly
when that difficult job involves dealing
with very unpleasant factors?.
In December, at his first press conference since becoming head of the judiciary in England and Wales, he spoke of
an increasing ?torrent of personal
abuse? online that threatened to ?undermine the rule of law?. He said that
there was a growing number of cases
where judges were threatened and
physically abused.
This week he said that several meas-
ures were being put in place to help
judges, including counselling support
to deal with the stresses of their work,
such as dealing with ?often harrowing?
cases. It is estimated that up to 40 per
cent of crown court time is spent on
sexual offence cases.
Lord Burnett said: ?This can have an
impact, so we are making available
professional support to judges who feel
that it would assist them.?
He said that the aim was to give
judges a ?varied diet? of work so that
they did not deal with sex offence cases
for lengthy periods. ?I have in mind serious criminal sex cases, often involving
very disturbing material or disturbing
allegations involving children.?
The resilience programme has been
devised with input from an occupational psychologist, behavioural neuroscientist and senior judges with responsibility for supporting colleagues.
The programme includes testimonies from serving judges as to how they
dealt with stressful situations and links
to outside sources on where to find help
and guidance. Lord Burnett said that he
was encouraging judges at their court
centres to support each other to deal
with difficulties, even by simply chatting about their cases or problems.
the times | Friday May 4 2018
19
1G M
News
Star swaps red swimsuit for Red Square Housekeeper
?tried to wed
Ben Hoyle Los Angeles
Even the most devoted Baywatch fans
would hesitate to claim that the 1990s
television hit was an obvious launchpad
for a globe-trotting activism career in
the company of some of the world?s
most powerful people.
Yet more than 20 years after she left
the drama about skimpily dressed
Californian lifeguards, Pamela Anderson is at home discussing politics with
Julian Assange at the Ecuadorean
embassy in London, hanging out with
Dame Vivienne Westwood in New
York, or holding talks at the Kremlin.
?My breasts had a career, I?m just
tagging along,? the actress and former
Playboy Playmate once said. Now the
rest of her is making up for lost time.
Anderson knows President Putin
and has spoken about animal rights at
the Kremlin and at the Eastern
Economic Forum in Vladivostok.
Asked by The Hollywood Reporter
about rumours that she was in a
romantic relationship with the Russian
president, she laughed off the idea,
albeit without denying it, saying: ?I love
this question.?
?I speak at the Kremlin or I speak at
Vladivostok at the economic conference about green energy and a green
economy,? she said. ?And I don?t know
what people are expecting from me. I
can talk about whales and the environment, biodiversity of the oceans. I can
talk about anything I want because I
think people are still looking at me, trying to figure out, ?Why is she here?? ?
She has lectured on sexuality and
pornography at the Oxford and Cam-
bridge unions and has written a book
on relationships with the kosher sex guru and former congressional candidate
Rabbi Shmuley Boteach. She is also
close to some of the world?s most prominent creative figures, including Westwood, Jeff Koons and Ai Weiwei.
But it is Anderson?s friendship with
Mr Assange, the founder of Wikileaks,
that has drawn the most attention. She
is a frequent visitor to the hacker in the
embassy where he has lived for nearly
six years to avoid extradition, initially
to Sweden on rape charges, which
have been dropped, and
now to the US on
possible espionage
charges. She says
Pamela Anderson
knows President
Putin and visits
Julian Assange
that she talks about ?everything? with
Mr Assange.
?We talk about the Bible, we talk
about what?s happening with my kids,
what?s happening with his family. It?s
not just about politics, even though I do
take a lot of notes and it?s so overwhelming, the information he gives
me,? she said.
They were introduced by Westwood,
who has called Anderson ?one of the
most intelligent women I ever met?.
Anderson brings Mr Assange vegan
food but worries about his health.
?The air and light quality [at the embassy] is terrible because he can?t keep
his windows open and he can?t get any
sunlight. Even prisoners can go outside.
?I always try to humanise him
because people think he?s a robot or he?s
a computer screen or he?s not this
human being.?
She believes that her friend has
been ?wrongly accused of so
many things?.
?He?s so misunderstood,? she
said. ?Especially in Hollywood,
and really hated, because of the
Clinton monopoly on the
media.?
Hillary Clinton and
some of her supporters have blamed
her 2016 presidential election defeat
partly on the staggered release of
hacked Democratic Party emails by
Wikileaks in the
weeks before the
vote.
dying man?
Frances Gibb Legal Editor
The daughter of a wealthy engineer is
fighting a �0,000 court battle with
the Korean ?domestic servant? who she
claims tried to marry her father on his
deathbed.
Deborah John-Woodruffe, 47, claims
that Bok Soon Song, 72, was nothing
more than a ?live-in housekeeper? who
took advantage of her dying father.
She says the former waitress tried to
marry John Williams in hospital only
for the pensioner to send her and the
registrar packing. Soon after his death
from bowel cancer in 2016, Miss Bok
changed the locks on his home in Kensal Rise, northwest London, and began
a claim to obtain more than �0,000
from his estate, which was worth more
than �million.
Mr Williams, 66, died without making a will and so his assets would
normally be divided between his three
children, Mrs John-Woodruffe and her
brothers, David and Andrew Williams.
Ms Bok, who said that Mr Williams
proposed to her with the aid of a
phrasebook, is suing the estate and the
siblings, claiming ?reasonable provision? as his cohabiting partner of 20
years. ?We say they slept in the same
bed until he became ill, had sexual relations and were effectively a couple,? Mr
Paul Infield, counsel for Miss Bok, told
Central London county court.
The hearing continues.
20
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Friday May 4 2018 | the times
News
Pure genius: Turing?s sums strip seawater of salt
Oliver Moody Science Correspondent
Shortly before his arrest on charges of
homosexuality, and two years before
his suicide, Alan Turing wrote his first
and last paper on chemistry.
It purported to explain how a human
being could go from a single spherical
egg to the complicated form of a baby.
Turing?s theory was largely ignored
for nearly 40 years but now a team of
Chinese researchers has used it to build
a new kind of desalinator.
The idea is thought to have first
occurred to Turing while he was trying
to crack the German military?s ciphers
at Bletchley Park. In 1952 he set out the
mathematics that showed how a symmetrical shape could break into a multitude of elaborate patterns. In recent
years biologists have discovered these
equations can account for the spots on
a leopard?s coat, the stripes on cowrie
shells, the way a species of ant buries its
dead and even the geographical distribution of crimes.
Chemists have also found that
Turing?s dense algebra describes how
molecules interact and unfold into
labyrinths of circles and polygons.
?This really was one of those original
ideas that come from someone outside
the field who is looking at questions in
a way I don?t think anyone had properly
thought of before,? Philip Ball, a science
writer and expert on Turing?s chemistry paper, said.
A study published in the journal
Science shows that an extremely thin
membrane arranged in a Turing pattern of interlocking hexagons can strip
the salt out of seawater faster than a
conventional desalination plant.
A team led by Lin Zhang, of Zhejiang
University in the city of Hangzhou,
built a system in which a membrane
separates water on one side and an
organic solvent on the other. The liquids are mixed with a pair of chemicals
that react with each other in accord
with Turing?s maths, the ?activator?
molecule being effectively corralled by
an ?inhibitor? that diffuses at a slower
rate. The chemistry is somewhat similar to the process used to make nylon.
The result is a sieve with a thickness
of less than 20 nanometres. Analysis
with a scanning electron microscope
revealed that the membrane had acquired a distinctive Turing pattern.
Every square metre of the sieve is
capable of purifying 125 litres of water
per hour. It stripped out 99.1 per cent of
the sodium sulphate salt in a sample of
water and 98.5 per cent of its magnesium sulphate. With sodium chloride, the
chief salt in seawater, it only managed
51.2 per cent, suggesting that it will have
to be improved before it can be used as
a desalinator in the real world.
It is unlikely to be the last time that
Turing?s paper comes in handy. While
his mathematics could not in the end
explain the development of the human
embryo, they appear to describe a fundamental process of nature that turns
up time and again in unlikely places.
Turing patterns have been observed in
the ripples in sand dunes and the heaps
in which the Messor sancta ant piles up
the corpses of its dead colony members.
Before his death, Turing also prepared
an unpublished paper that used the
same technique to explain the spiral
arrangement of the leaves of plants.
CHRISTIES/BNPS
Relativity A photo from 1884 of Albert Einstein, aged 5, with his sister Maja, 3,
is among letters and pictures being sold for �0,000 at Christie?s in London
Ford?s new design offers a
car and motorbike in one
Mark Bridge Technology Correspondent
How it works
Is it a car? Is it a motorcycle? No, it?s
Ford?s design for a ?multimodal transportation apparatus?.
The motor company has filed a patent application for a vehicle that resembles a poor man?s version of the ?Tumbler? Batmobile, which deploys a Batpod motorcycle at a moment?s notice.
Unlike the Batpod, the motorcycle in
Ford?s vehicle, which looks like a Ford
Focus Hatchback in the drawings,
wouldn?t shoot out from the front of the
moving car. Instead, the motorist would
park, open the bonnet, and the bike
would slide out on guide rails.
The ?apparatus? takes its inspiration
from the same problem of inner-city
congestion that inspired the Honda
Motocompo, the foldable ?trunk bike?
that the Japanese firm created to fit inside car boots in the Eighties.
The details of Ford?s proposal are
sketchy, but parts of the bike?s body
would rest between the car?s driver and
passenger seats, incorporating an infotainment and navigation system, used
for both vehicles. The bike would be
electric and would be charged at the
same time as its electric or hybrid parent
Electric bike makes up central console
between driver and passenger. The bike
can be used independently, sliding out
from under bonnet. Electric wheel hub
motors allow the car to run separately
car. Alternatively, the car would have a
regular engine in the boot to make space
for the built-in cycle in the front.
The patent says the bike would be
useful because of the high price and low
availability of parking spaces in urban
areas and restrictions on internal combustion engines.
A spokesman for Ford said: ?We submit patents on innovative ideas as a
normal course of business. Patent applications are intended to protect new
ideas but aren?t necessarily an indication of new business or product plans.?
22
Friday May 4 2018 | the times
2G M
News
SWNS
Jail for brothers who conned pensioners out of millions
Two brothers who conned vulnerable
pensioners into putting � million
into a high-risk investment scheme
were jailed yesterday. Alan Taylor, 38,
and his brother Russell, 37, paid
themselves hundreds of thousands of
pound in commission even though
their clients lost more than �million,
King?s Lynn crown court was told.
They paid more than �0,000 to
hire a private jet to take them on
luxury holidays. Alan Taylor also
bought an Aston Martin car with a
personalised numberplate for
�0,000 and spent �,000 on
watches. The pair also bought luxury
homes and a �,000 boat. They
turned to crime after they took over
the business of their late father,
Richard, a respected financial adviser.
� to spare? Buy all of
a cobbled Islington mews
The court was told that they had
limited financial expertise, with Alan
Taylor having left school with one
GCSE ? a D in economics. Between
2008 and 2015 the brothers talked
many of their father?s 239 clients into
moving their cash out of relatively
safe pensions and investment funds
and into their Vantage Investment
Group fund, run from offices in
Hoveton, Norfolk. They used
�.8 million invested to bet on daily
changes in share prices. On average,
each of their clients lost almost half
of their pension funds.
Alan Taylor, from Norwich, was
jailed for six years. Russell Taylor,
who lives near Mundesley, Norfolk,
was given five years. Both pleaded
guilty to conspiracy to defraud.
More than 20 mews properties on a
cobbled London street are to be
auctioned with a �million guide
price. The majority of Rheidol Mews,
in Islington, has been owned by one
family for the past 78 years. It
comprises 21 buildings hidden
behind an archway. They are being
used as offices and light industrial
premises, with tenants including
radio and television production
companies. George Walker, a partner
in the auction house Allsop, said
that it was a ?once-in-a-lifetime sale?
and added: ?Potential buyers are
likely to be interested in the
possibility of obtaining planning
permission to develop the buildings
into highly desirable homes.?
See the real Guernsey . . . come to North Devon
Tourism officials in Guernsey are
sneakily cashing in on a new film shot
200 miles away on land in North
Devon. The Guernsey Literary and
Potato Peel Pie Society is being used to
entice visitors to the Channel island
but Lady Stucley, owner of the
historic Hartland Abbey & Gardens,
has pointed out that it was made on
her land. ?It was filmed on the
Hartland Abbey estate and at
Clovelly and other locations in North
Devon this time last year in glorious
weather,? she said. The film stars Lily
James, Matthew Goode and Michiel
Huisman. VisitGuernsey capitalised
on its release last month with a
�0,000 television advert and a
campaign that featured the slogan
?Visit the island that inspired the
story?. There is also a 30-second
advert that will be shown to almost
700,000 cinemagoers. Lady Stucley
said that it was ?quite ingenious? of
Guernsey to cash in but added that
not one second was filmed there. She
added: ?We don?t want to do the dirty
on Guernsey, but we just want to stick
up for our patch and tell the world
how stunning North Devon is.?
Man ?robbed football club
boss of �0,000 watch?
Evans pulls out of show
after his mother?s death
A man has appeared in court charged
with stealing a �0,000 Swiss watch
from the former owner of Crystal
Palace Football Club. Adam Yaro, 32,
allegedly stole the rare white gold,
blue-faced Franck Muller watch
from Simon Jordan as he sat in his
car on March 21. Mr Jordan, 50,
chairman at the Selhurst Park club
between 2000 and 2010, previously
tweeted that he had been ?robbed at
gunpoint? while driving his 80-yearold father to the doctors in Croydon,
south London. Mr Yaro, of Catford
Hill, southeast London, appeared
at Croydon magistrates? court
yesterday charged with armed
robbery, Scotland Yard said. He was
remanded in custody.
Chris Evans pulled
out of his Radio 2
breakfast show just
before it went on air
yesterday, after his
92-year-old mother
died. Evans, 52, has
regularly spoken
about his love for his mother, Minnie,
above, praising her selflessness and
rapier wit. The sports reporter Vassos
Alexander stepped in at the last
minute and read a note from Evans
that said: ?The reason I?m not with
you today is because just before we
came on air my mum passed away
and I needed to go straight back
home to be with the family. But it?s all
OK . . . Mum needed to be at peace.?
I N T H E T I M E S T O M O R ROW
MONEY
WEEKEND
MERGER
MANIA
How you
can make
money from
takeover deals
MAIN PAPER
ESCAPE!
40 best country house hotels
BUSINESS
PULLOUT
PHILIP
ALDRICK
Is Brussels edging
towards a Brexit
deal on financial
services?
FOOTBALL?S
CRAZIEST MANAGER
The world according
to Neil Warnock
MAIN PAPER
MAIN PAPER
SPORT
COMMENT
Matthew Parris What May and Corbyn
can learn from the local elections
MAIN PAPER
the times | Friday May 4 2018
23
2G M
News
MARILYN KINGWILL
Fantastic Mr Foxes
are an ideal match
for Wilde?s comedy
Theatre Ann Treneman
An Ideal Husband
Vaudeville
Theatre, WC2
HHHHI
There is something quite delicious
about the fact that it is the two Foxes
that make this Wilde revival feel quite
so, well, wild. Edward Fox, at the age
of 81, is playing the Earl of
Caversham, a distinguished politician
who is in despair over his son,
Viscount Goring, a dandy who takes
the triviality of his buttonhole flower
arrangements as seriously as life itself.
?You see Phipps,? says Goring to his
butler, preening and posing before us,
his buttonhole arrangement so large
that no bee could resist, ?fashion is
what one wears oneself. What is
unfashionable other people wear.?
The fact that Goring is played by
Freddie Fox, aged 29 and the son of
Edward, gives it all an extra zing and
it?s Freddie who is the one who is
absolutely superb.
Is this Wilde?s best play? It avoids,
for the most part, sounding like a
series of epigrams strung together
with a bit of acting in between. It has
a proper plot in which a Foreign
Office minister Sir Robert Chiltern,
played with marvellous scaredy-cat
hypocrisy by Nathaniel Parker, is
blackmailed over a deep, dark secret.
His tiresome wife, Gertrude, is
entirely too moral for words: we know
what Wilde thinks of her as she has
hardly any good lines at all.
The nasty woman behind it all is
Mrs Cheveley, played by Frances
Barber with a truly evil throaty
laugh worthy of Cruella de Vil. It
must be said that Barber doesn?t feel
entirely natural in the part at times
but the laugh always saves her. Plus
she has some great lines. When
Goring threatens to give her some
advice, she shushes him: ?Pray don?t.
You should never give a woman
something she can?t wear in the
evening.?
Jonathan Church directs a delight
of a revival that rarely lags and the
set, by Simon Higlett, has enough
swag and velvet to make Wilde
himself happy. It was written in 1895
but its themes of honesty in politics
(and love) feel modern. There was a
Disabled son
hounded out
of theatre
Charlie Parker
Edward and Freddie Fox give a delightful revival extra zing as the earl and his son
huge laugh when Lady Markby,
played by Susan Hampshire with total
panache, announces: ?The fact is that
our society is terribly over-populated.
Really, someone should arrange a
proper scheme of assisted emigration.
It would do a great deal of good.?
This is the third play in Oscar
Wilde season at the Vaudeville. We?ve
already seen A Woman of No
Importance and Lady Windermere?s
Fan with The Importance of Being
Earnest to come this July. This is the
best of the lot so far and the Foxes
can take the credit for that.
Box office 0330 333 4814, until July 14.
A disabled man watching his father on
stage at a theatre was pressured into
leaving after a member of the audience
complained about him making noises.
Harry Boniface, 25, has ?profound
and multiple? learning difficulties and
communicates with sign language. His
father, Martin, was performing in a musical at the Swan theatre in Worcester.
During the first half of the matinee
performance, the younger Mr Boniface
was shushed by a woman in front of
him, his father said. They left in the
second half after the woman said Mr
Boniface?s ?noises? were ?disrespectful
and putting off the performers?.
Fairytale characters including a cow
and wolf featured in the play, Into the
Woods, prompting Mr Boniface to
?moo? and growl, his father, who played
the father of Cinderella, said.
?She was rude and discourteous,? he
said. ?It?s such an outdated attitude. For
her to speak for the whole cast, on
behalf of us ? she had no right to make
that sort of assumption . . . nobody was
distracted, nobody felt disrespected.?
They had chosen the matinee, Mr
Boniface said, because it encouraged a
less formal atmosphere.
Chris Jaeger, head of Worcester Live,
which owns the Swan, told the BBC he
was ?extremely disappointed that a
member of the audience should take
such an unenlightened view?.
24
2G M
Friday May 4 2018 | the times
News
ALAMY
Loophole lets unsafe
cars stay on the road
Will Humphries
The government has no power to take
dangerous cars off the roads despite
millions every year suffering defects,
The Times has learnt.
The Driver and Vehicle Standards
Agency (DVSA) has said that it cannot
order car manufacturers to recall
dangerous vehicles.
The admission comes after an
inquest was told that BMW failed to
recall thousands of British cars with an
electrical fault which had led to the
death of a former Gurkha on Christmas
Day 2016 in Hampshire.
Narayan Gurung, 66, who served in
the British Army for 20 years, swerved
into a tree and died after trying to avoid
a BMW that had suddenly stalled in the
dark because of a total electrical failure
that cut out its lights.
BMW had known since 2011 about
such faults affecting its cars and was
questioned about them by the DVSA in
October 2014 and December 2016. The
DVSA asked the carmaker in December
2016 to recall 370,000 1 Series, 3 Series
and Z4 cars affected by the fault, but it
did not do so until April last year, four
months after Mr Gurung?s death.
The DVSA has no power to
make manufacturers recall dangerous
vehicles and can only ask them to do so,
the safety agency told The Times.
Gareth Llewellyn, the DVSA chief
executive, said: ?At present we are
handling 417 recalls involving more
than 2.9 million vehicles under the
code of practice agreed with industry.
We keep our approach to safety recalls
constantly under review to ensure
we are able to respond more quickly . . .
and prioritise activities where they are
most needed.?
Andy McDonald, the shadow transport secretary, has called on ministers
to give the DVSA powers to take
dangerous cars off the road.
A Department for Transport spokeswoman said: ?We are working with the
DVSA to look at ways to strengthen its
enforcement powers so that it can
protect drivers from unsafe vehicles.?
About 80 per cent of safety recalls are
started by manufacturers rather than
the DVSA. A full safety recall happens
when a fault is liable to cause significant
risk of injury or death. Importantly, a
driver has no warning it will occur.
Mr Llewellyn said that the safety
authority had learnt of 19 cases of
electrical failure in BMW?s cars
between 2011 and 2014 only after a
complaint by one of the company?s
customers in October 2014. He said
that the information the authority
had received about the faults did not
enable it to make an informed decision
on a full recall.
BMW told the inquest that the
electrical fault was not ?critical?
because drivers could still steer and
brake despite the headlights, hazard
lights, indicators and brake lights not
working.
Daredevils
leave anger
in their wake
along canal
I
t is fast, it is fun, and
it is making people
furious (Valentine
Low writes).
Particularly the
ducks: if the resident
mallards were given to
articulate expressions of
discontent, they would
probably have written
several angry letters by
now. In the latest attempt
to find ever more
challenging forms of
excitement in the big city,
a group has taken to
wakeboarding on the
Regent?s Canal in central
London.
For those not familiar
with this particular form
of aquatic activity it
is a cross between
water-skiing, surfing and
snowboarding, and
involves being pulled over
a surface of water while
riding a small, thin board:
the faster, the better.
It is excellent for lakes,
docklands and other
enclosed expanses of
A wakeboarder is pulled
along Regent?s Canal, above.
Locals say the activity poses
a risk to people and wildlife
water, but not such an
obvious choice for a city
canal. The Canal and
River Trust, which
manages the waterways,
said the activity raised a
number of dangers to
people and wildlife:
?We?re always up for new
things on the canal, but
not this. There?s lots of
wildlife in the area and
there?s also a risk to
people, especially if the
cable snapped or the
skier was to collide with
anything on the water.?
the times | Friday May 4 2018
25
1G M
The modern Cupid must
act like a spymaster
Edward Lucas
Page 27
Comment
Gut feeling, not income, drives voters now
Cultural attitudes have become more important than economic competence, which is why the Tories are in trouble
Philip
Collins
@pcollinstimes
L
ocal government elections
are always fascinating,
obviously. I can think of
nothing more enticing than
staying up all night to
discover whether Labour has finally
taken Wandsworth. Yet this time it is
different. The choice of 150 local
authorities, 4,371 councillors and six
mayors may just be the most
intriguing election of recent times
because it should confirm that a
quiet revolution is taking place. Class
as the basis for allegiance is being
recast. The clues to the new politics
are in. It?s not where you work or
what you earn; it?s what you think.
British politics used to be easy to
read. The party ahead on economic
competence was likely to win. If, in
addition, it had a popular leader,
then it would definitely win. The
essential rule was to find the middle
of the spectrum. When YouGov
asked people where they stood
politically, on an axis of left to right,
a huge majority placed themselves
near the middle. As an insurance
policy I always kept an eye on Bury
North, my home town, which
tended to pick the winner. This was,
for a long while, a wholly
serviceable theory of politics. As
long as you kept your discipline and
were not tempted to listen to
anyone out on the stump
campaigning, this was all you needed
to know. I used to spend election
campaigns reading improving books
of poetry, safe in the knowledge I
knew the outcome.
I suppose it is plausible, at a
stretch, to say that this method held
up in 2017. The Tories were ahead on
economic competence and
leadership. They were thought to be
nearer than Labour to the centre,
albeit not all that near. Yet here is
the tip-off that something else was
going on. Bury North let me down.
Theresa May is in Downing Street
but Bury North has, in James Frith,
a Labour MP. This is, in part, an
effect of the European Union
referendum, although it is also more
than that. Britain is becoming a
nation that votes according to its
cultural view of the world rather
than its economic interest.
The new politics is most evident in
London, which has become a solid
Labour city. The mayor is Labour
and so are 49 of the 73 MPs and 12 of
the 25 members of the London
Assembly. All five directly elected
mayors are Labour and, at the time
Your feelings about
minorities matter more
than your wage packet
of writing, 21 of 32 boroughs. Labour
took 55 per cent of the London vote
in 2017 and the local government
polls have been running at the same
rate. The Conservatives need to lose
only 93 councillors in London and it
will be their worst-ever performance
in the capital. As recently as 1992,
the Tories did better in London than
they did nationally. Boris Johnson
was mayor until 2016, yet now
Labour is as strong in London as it is
in the northeast, one of its great
redoubts.
The Corbynite explanation is that
this allegiance is an expression of
anger about austerity and inequality,
symbolised by the charred remains
of Grenfell Tower in North
Kensington. There is only a germ of
truth in this; the lack of affordable
housing matters more than that and
cultural attitudes matter more than
either. Labour is not actually
attracting fugitives from
globalisation. It is attracting the
liberal-minded, people who are
comfortable in the modern world.
Not all of them are economically
comfortable; in fact many are not.
They are, though, happy with the
tolerant and open nature of modern
cities. Increasingly, voting blocs are
organised along these lines.
A recent report for Global Futures
illustrated the new terms. If you ask
people some representative cultural
questions you will now be able to
predict their vote just as once you
could read affiliation from occupation
or income. If you think feminism has
gone a bit far, that globalisation and
immigration are forces for bad and
that gay marriage is a bit much, you
will be a Brexit voter. If you are
favourable to all of the above it is
overwhelmingly likely that you will
have been on the side of Remain. At
the 2017 election these camps became
organised as party groups. Labour
increased its share among ABC1s by
12 points between 2015 and 2017. The
Tories had an identical leap among
the C2DE classes. Within all the
classes the contest between the two
parties is too close to call. Whether
you live in a diverse community and
how you feel about minorities now
matters more than the nature of your
employment or your wage packet.
The Tories beat Labour in 2017
among the people described by Claire
Ainsley in an important new book,
The New Working Class. The Tories
were also running ahead of Labour in
polls of the London working class.
primarily an economic effect. There
is no reason to suppose that someone
who is relaxed about gay marriage
will suddenly become illiberal when
they hit 50. These are likely to be
attitudes people take through life.
Unless the Tory party can find a way
of speaking nationally in the idiom
of Ruth Davidson?s liberal,
compassionate conservatism in
Scotland, it is in serious trouble. The
best way to do that, of course, would
The divide between
the generations exists
all over the country
Views on issues such as immigration are
now a good guide to voting intention
The Corbyn vote is bourgeois and
liberal, not proletarian and radical.
This is Corbynite neoliberalism.
It will also be fun to scour the local
election results for an age effect. In
2015, the age at which people shifted
from Labour to Tory was 34. Among
the under 34s, Labour won; among
the over-34s, the Tories won. By 2017
that age had risen to 47 and, on
current trends, it will be 52 by 2022.
There are lots of old people and they
vote Tory in large numbers, but this
is not a durable political strategy.
Neither will the ageing society
come to the rescue of the Tories.
That is because people do not change
culturally in the way they change
economically. It is natural, as people
get older and acquire property, that
they tend to become more
protectionist and conservative. This is
be to get Ruth Davidson to say it.
These trends will be visible in
London this morning but this is not
an exclusively metropolitan
tendency. Labour has already taken
Portsmouth South, Plymouth Sutton,
Leamington Spa and Canterbury;
glimpses of the future every one of
them. The divide between the
generations is starker in London but
not by much; it exists all over the
country. Though it may not look
or sound like it in the midst of the
Brexit shambles, the new Britain is
liberal, diverse and cosmopolitan.
The new politics will be the friends
of the open society versus its
enemies. Today?s Tories are
becoming the party that answers
no to the questions about the future.
Labour is the party that answers
maybe and, at the moment, maybe
is beating no.
morland animation
That?s one small step for
Theresa May; one giant
leap for Brexit kind
thetimes.co.uk
26
1G M
Friday May 4 2018 | the times
Comment
Tech giants are eyeing up our supermarkets
Digital disruption can be good so long as competition rules keep up with the likes of Amazon
Ed Conway
@edconwaysky
J
ust over a decade ago the UK?s
competition authorities
decided that the Yellow Pages
was too dominant in the
classified advertising market.
In hindsight it seems like a bizarre
decision. This was 2007. Google had
already established itself as the
world?s leading search engine and
was rapidly turning advertising on its
head. It was clear that the internet
was fast disrupting everything.
But the rules were the rules. When
the Competition Commission
examined the phone book industry it
saw that Yell had a 75 per cent
market share, with the rest taken by
Thomson and the BT phone book.
So it imposed a pretty aggressive
price cap. This beset the company in
the following years. By the time the
cap was abolished in 2012, it was
effectively too late: much of the
Yellow Pages? custom had been
gobbled up by internet search
engines and social networks.
This might all seem like ancient
history, but the parable is worth
contemplating today as the
authorities start to run their slide
rules over the proposed merger
between Sainsbury?s and Asda.
Here are two supermarkets whose
combined market share will make
them the biggest retailer in the
country ? bigger even than Tesco.
There will be parts of the country
where they will become the only
game in town. It is a textbook case of
market dominance, and the chances
are the authorities will take a long,
hard look and at the very least
propose sanctions, possibly a forced
sell-off of many of the combined
company?s stores.
Some concerns are prosaic: should
Sainsbury?s and Asda be compared
only to other supermarkets, or to
primarily non-food stores like Marks
& Spencer and Boots? Some go
deeper: do we assume that shoppers
can make their weekly shop online,
or do we limit our inquiry to physical
stores within a ten-mile radius? To
put it another way: what is a
supermarket? Is it a place people
drive to in order to buy stuff, or
simply a platform that connects
buyers and sellers? Your answer to
Regulators are rather
relaxed about the size
of these megagroups
these questions changes everything
? and that?s before you start
wondering whether the industry
you?re investigating is about to be
disrupted altogether by a new
entrant from Silicon Valley.
This goes to the very heart of 21stcentury capitalism. Ultimately the
laws that determine our approach to
monopolies date back decades or, in
the case of the US, more than a
century. They certainly pre-date
global supply chains or the internet.
Same thing for international rules on
taxation: brilliant at raising money
from companies that made a product
in country A and shipped it to
country B but no match for
businesses that can simply shift their
profits to the lowest tax jurisdiction.
These antitrust principles made
plenty of sense at the time, when the
big risk was that a company could
control whole industries and gouge
customers. That was the basis on
which Standard Oil and AT&T were
broken up by regulators. But what
about today?s tech giants?
Consumers don?t pay cash to use
Google or Facebook; one can hardly
accuse them of price gouging in that
sense. Passing savings to customers,
at the expense of margins and profits,
is Amazon?s very business model.
So regulators have usually stopped
short of imposing sanctions on the
Silicon Valley giants as they
munched up and disposed of their
competitors. While regulators furrow
their brows about data protection,
fake news and all that, they are
actually rather relaxed about the size
of these megagroups. After all, they
say, they are there to protect
consumers, not small businesses.
But that puts us in a slightly odd
position. Across the world, from
pharmaceuticals to media to retail,
beleaguered incumbents are merging
with each other. Each has its own
parochial problems but each is also
paranoid about an impending
existential fight with Amazon,
Netflix, Google and the rest. Every
other industry has seen what
happened to newspapers and music.
They are on the defensive, and what
is the most straightforward way of
defending yourself? Size.
Which brings us back to those
antitrust rules. The incumbents
argue that they effectively enshrine
double standards, preventing them
from merging while ignoring the
internet giants. It isn?t merely
industries being disrupted here: the
legal structures we?ve established to
regulate them are being upturned at
the same time.
Still, in a sense, the decision facing
regulators on Sainsbury?s-Asda is
even trickier than when they had to
pass judgment on Yellow Pages.
Amazon has yet to storm the UK
grocery market, and it is hardly a
foregone conclusion that any assault
would succeed. If there is one thing
Britain does well, it is running retail:
what else would you expect from a
nation of shopkeepers? And,
crucially, a glance at the market will
show you that in many senses
consumers have rarely had it so good.
The Bank of England recently
found that retailers simply absorbed
much of the potential inflation
caused by the devaluation of sterling
after the referendum. Food and
non-alcoholic beverage prices are
lower today than in 2014, which is
remarkable given that the pound is
significantly weaker. The arrival of
low-cost competitors such as Aldi
and Lidl has only accelerated
the process.
In any case, there is a bigger
problem facing the retail incumbents
than the rise of the internet. British
consumers look like they may have
lost their appetite for spending. If
that is the case, then all bets are off.
Ed Conway is economics editor
of Sky News
Ann Treneman Notebook
Brits take
theatrical
genius for
granted
I
t is one of my theories that
people do not value what comes
naturally to them. I call it the
?If It?s Easy It Can?t Be Worth
Much? school of thought. The
world is full of writers who only ever
scribble emails and painters who
only do DIY. It seems to me that
our education system is now
adopting my theory as something
of a mantra.
Fact: Brits are very good at theatre.
It is one of the areas in which we
lead the world. The Tony award
nominations, out this week in New
York, are stuffed with British actors
and British productions. Theatre
generates hundreds of millions of
pounds for the economy and has
shown continual growth for 20 years.
In 2016, the West End sold more
than 14 million seats.
So what do we do? As a nation we
decide to squeeze drama and music
in schools. Fewer classes and
teachers are the result. Now
university arts degrees are declining
as well. Instead, maths and sciences
are all the rage. It is unbelievably
perverse, not to mention
self-sabotaging. The education
secretary should do something
about it pronto.
Hedgehog v fox
I
spend a great deal of time fuming
inwardly about Southern Fail, as I
like to call it. Its latest wheeze
involves timetabling connections
so tightly that, the other night, on
the way back from Chichester, I
had nanoseconds to catch my fast
train to London. Needless to say,
I failed (it?s catching).
The result was that I
didn?t pick my car up
for the short drive
home until 1.30am.
At night in London?s
outer boroughs the
people disappear
and are replaced
by foxes. Every
night there is a
vulpine
street
party and
d
yet in Derbyshire I?ve
never seen even one fox.
As I drove up the Great
North Road in Barnet, I
ssaw a
scurrying little bundle crossing the
road followed very closely by a fox.
It was a hedgehog! I almost crashed
the car with excitement. (I?ve not
seen a hedgehog in Derbyshire for
years either.)
Now I?m worried that the fox was
trying to attack the hedgehog. Grrr.
It?s another reason, if we need one, to
start treating foxes like
the pests they are.
Garden chat
I
am developing an
interest in other
people?s
front
p
ggardens that is
b
bordering
(pun
alert!) on the
obsessive. As part of
my 10,000 steps a
day programme, I
spend a lot of time
perambulating and,
i I see a garden I
if
a
admire,
I sometimes
t
take
a photo.
T feels a little bit
This
w
wrong
but I notice that it
d
doesn?t
stop me.
Now I?ve started
making comments.
?Looking good!? I said
to a woman cutting
her hedge, who was
too stunned to
respond. The
oth
other day I came across
a lovely
l
tangle of a garden, all
herbs and flowers. ?Is this yours??
I asked the woman in it, who looked
at me warily.
It seems that some people think
her garden is ?messy?. Well, I
suppose it is, when you compare it
with the one next door which is, yes,
100 per cent concrete. I know which
I prefer.
Lovey dovey
L
ife feels just a little bit empty at
the moment because our
dovelings have fled the nest.
Well it was getting a bit crowded in
there. Mrs and Mrs Dove don?t seem
to miss their love nest at all and
haven?t returned. Indeed the only
ones suffering from empty-nest
syndrome seem to be my husband
and me. We keep peering into the
tree, feeling just a bit forlorn. Surely,
with the current housing crisis, it
can?t remain unused for long?
Stay woke
M
y word of the week is ?woke?,
which, when I was in New
York recently, I kept seeing
used in articles. It?s an AfricanAmerican political term that,
basically, means socially aware, as in
a quiz called How Woke Are You?
Well, at this point, I?m woke
enough to know that I may not be
woke at all.
@anntreneman
Commons Speaker
and MPs require
a better watchdog
Hannah White
I
nvestigating allegations of
bullying against the Commons
Speaker John Bercow is fraught
with difficulty because he
oversees the process that decides
whether or not they are true. How
can such a system convince those
within and beyond Westminster that
justice will be done?
The Speaker is a vital figure in our
constitution, and should be subject to
truly independent scrutiny. This is
why Downing Street?s suggestion
that the Commons authorities
investigate him is unworkable. The
commission that oversees the House
is made up of seven MPs, two
officials and two lay members, and is
chaired by the Speaker. That would
put staff in the impossible position of
investigating their boss.
Downing Street?s other suggestion,
that the parliamentary commissioner
for standards investigates, won?t
work either. She reports to the
Commons standards committee,
whose recommendations must be
The suspicion that the
Commons is a cosy
club will only persist
voted on by the whole House,
chaired by the Speaker.
Which leaves the new independent
inquiry by Dame Laura Cox. She is
looking at broader allegations of
bullying and harassment in
parliament, rather than individual
cases. But her remit should be
extended if the inquiry is to produce
a credible outcome. Dame Laura has
invited parliamentary staff to give
evidence ? she ought to seek
testimony from MPs too.
We should go further. Dame
Laura, or someone of her stature and
impartiality, should lead a fully
independent, permanent system to
adjudicate on allegations of bullying
in parliament.
This will inevitably give rise to
dewy-eyed talk of the sanctity of the
Mother of Parliaments and how MPs
can only be ?judged by their peers?.
Certainly it would be wrong for an
unelected official to unseat a
democratically elected politician, but
the record of anyone who faces the
sort of serious accusations made
against the Speaker needs to be
investigated by someone who is not
beholden to him or her. There are
multiple levels of sanction, short of
forcing an MP to step down, that
could be imposed on the few
members guilty of such behaviour.
And a system with real teeth would
go a long way to deter bullying in the
first place. Otherwise, the suspicion
that the Commons is a cosy club run
for the benefit of its members will
only persist.
Hannah White is director of research at
the Institute for Government think tank
and a former Commons clerk
the times | Friday May 4 2018
27
1G M
Comment
Buy prints or signed copies of Times cartoons from our Print Gallery at timescartoons.co.uk or call 020 7711 7826
The modern Cupid must act like a spymaster
Successful matchmaking, as practised by me and my wife, requires intelligence gathering and the sly use of pets
Edward
Lucas
@edwardlucas
T
he spring sap is rising with
a royal wedding looming,
Facebook launching a
dating app and a
particularly good new
television series, Love in the
Countryside, trying to fix up lonely
male farmers with potential wives.
But not everyone can feature in a
TV dating show, and the apps and
lonely-hearts ads have a fatal flaw:
they expect users to tell the truth.
People lie about their ages, incomes,
and attachments. The need to
present an attractive advertisement
militates against the sincerity and
vulnerability that underlie a serious
relationship. Technology offers the
semblance of connectedness but
all too often entrenches feelings
of isolation.
Real-life meetings work much
better, especially parties given by
my wife, an indefatigable
matchmaker. They offer singletons
the chance to spot the counterfeit,
the fraud and the good fit, with a
minimum of embarrassment and
the maximum fun.
Matchmaking is nothing new. It
has been ensuring the flourishing of
dynasties great and small for
centuries, most recently with Prince
Harry and Meghan Markle,
introduced on a blind date by Violet
von Westenholz, a Windsor family
friend. The matchmakers of yore
followed a materialist approach to
helping singletons, in the words of
Hodel in Fiddler on the Roof, to find a
find and catch a catch. How much
will the plain-faced old maid bring in
dowry? How many acres will make
the dewy-eyed maiden forget her
suitor?s age?
Our approach is more akin to an
espionage operation. Work starts
with target acquisition. Who do we
know who is single? The operations
directorate tasks its intelligence
collectors with some vital
preliminary reconnaissance: chiefly,
is this person still really unattached?
There is no point in recruiting
someone who has other allegiances.
We had one disastrous dinner at
which the prime target, halfway
through the meal, excused himself
while he phoned his new girlfriend
? of whose existence we had all
been unaware.
Second, is the target truly
recruitable? Those traumatised by a
previous relationship, unreliable
because of drugs or alcohol, or
incurably footloose are ineligible.
Next, we identify motivating
factors. In the spy world, these are
known by the acronym Mice, for
Money, Ideology, Coercion and Ego.
Admittedly, coercion is not an ideal
way to start a relationship, but the
other factors have equivalents in
Cupid?s realm. Is this person
chiefly hungry for appreciation,
companionship, romance or security,
and who do we know who might
There is no point in
recruiting someone
with other allegiances
best provide it? Once these elements
are in place, we start assembling
the other parts of the operation.
Ideally, we need a cover story
(meeting a visiting foreigner): simply
inviting people for a blind date is a
bit too obvious.
Next comes timing. Ideally the
operation has at least three phases.
Drinks beforehand, a sit-down meal,
and moving to another room for
coffee afterwards. These allow you to
roll the dice several times on seating
and conversation topics, and gain
another chance after any early
missteps. If things are going well, an
extra lap can be added, by suggesting
an after-lunch walk (or asking if any
of the guests would like to take
Panda the dog for his night-time
constitutional; if the targets head off
together into the gloaming, we are
close to success).
Well-crafted invitations help to set
the scene. A reminder on the day to
all the guests means that they
automatically have each other?s
email addresses, meaning no
end-of-evening embarrassment
about asking for a card or contact
number. Some stage props are
important too: brief entrances by the
children and Panda give guests a
chance to flinch or fawn revealingly.
Punctuality is also on display. If you
take a happy-go-lucky approach to
other people?s time, you will respond
indulgently to a fellow guest who
sails up an hour late with a mumbled
excuse, or none. If you (like me) are
a stickler, you will have crossed them
off your list before they even arrive.
Then there?s appearance. The first
thing Cristina noticed about me at
the dinner party where we ourselves
were matchmade was my interesting
choice of clothes (frayed green shirt,
stained red tie, moth-eaten purple
sweater and yellow trousers that
reached only to my shins). It could
have been a serious black mark
against me; instead, and luckily for
me, she scented a challenge. Having
just returned from many years in
eastern Europe, I had never seen a
woman so elegantly dressed, and
contemplated hiding under the table.
Much more important, though, is
the way people talk. Serial
interrupters, obsessives and
shoe-starers may be unattractive to
some, but are confident, passionate
or charmingly shy to others. Instead
of just asserting GSOH, guests have
to show what they mean by it.
Table manners matter hugely to
some people, and, evidently, not at
all to others. Men who show some
interest in the food and how it was
cooked can win points for potential
house-husbandry. Appetites for
alcohol are on display, as are those
for novelty. My post-prandial ?Blue
tea from Estonia anyone?? prompts
excited assent from some and
shuddering requests for coffee from
others as the azure liquid gushes
from the pot.
Our record still has room for
improvement, featuring more Miss
Moneypennys than Vesper Lynds.
Some friends are beginning to
respond to invitations with, ?Am I
coming to eat or meet??. The answer
is emphatically: ?Both.?
Matchmaking is not meddling. It
is a vote for hope in a world plagued
by unwanted solitariness, which
technological fixes such as internet
dating seem in practice to aggravate,
not abate.
28
1G M
Letters to the Editor should be sent to
letters@thetimes.co.uk or by post to
1 London Bridge Street, London SE1 9GF
Letters to the Editor
Kurds ?deserve the full support of the West?
Transport strategy
Sir, Your articles on Britain?s transport
problems have been timely. We have
long argued that the priority for roads
spending and policy should be ?fix it
first?: better management and
maintenance of the roads we have,
rather than the big shiny new roads
so beloved by politicians. On rail,
despite the rhetoric, the passenger is
not being put at the centre of rail
franchising or management of the
network (see, for example, the spartan
and uncomfortable new intercity and
London commuter trains ordered by
the Department for Transport).
Your ?blueprint for change? (May 2)
will help but more is needed.
Transport policy must concentrate on
investing in a transport network for
tomorrow rather than just a bigger
version of what we needed yesterday.
We need electric trains, cars and
buses, lorries that pay their way, and
commitments to supporting high
streets and making health, education
and jobs accessible to all.
In particular, local transport needs
more support generally, not just on
potholes. Local bus services are being
cut back and there is very limited
funding for the packages of small scale
schemes or new local rail stations that
can make a real difference to local
congestion and pollution. Moreover,
the government?s housing and
planning agenda needs to have a
strong transport component so that
new developments are planned around
walking and cycling and do not add to
gridlock and car dependence.
stephen joseph
CEO, Campaign for Better Transport
Sir, You are right to highlight the
escalating problem of congestion on
Britain?s roads. However, your
transport manifesto overlooks a simple
solution: the humble bus. One doubledecker can remove 75 cars from the
roads, helping to keep traffic flowing.
It is frustrating, then, that some local
authorities think that removing bus
lanes will alleviate congestion; they
should instead see buses as a way of
easing congestion. Six out of ten public
transport journeys in the UK are by
bus, yet buses are too often overlooked
in national transport policy.
david brown
Group CEO, Go-Ahead Group
Sir, Your leading article (?Stand by the
Kurds?, May 2) rightly emphasises
that democracies should not abandon
allies such as the Kurds. They were
not actually left in the lurch after
their uprising against Saddam
Hussein in 1991. British people were
shocked to see two million Kurds flee
to the freezing mountains and this
encouraged John Major to win
support for a no-fly zone and safe
haven. This undoubtedly saved the
Kurds from likely further genocide for
12 years. The Kurds regard Sir John as
a hero for this; Tony Blair is also
greatly respected there for supporting
the 2003 liberation of Iraq.
The Kurds now in Iraq deserve
greater support. They are militarily
reliable and their secular and
religiously moderate politics make
them a powerful antidote to
extremism. Isis has not been
eliminated and Iraqi Sunnis, among
whom it found support, have yet to
resettle. The Kurds could be pivotal in
Iraq and the wider Middle East. Your
article does much to encourage
practical and political support for a
people who are natural allies.
jack lopresti, mp
Chairman, all-party parliamentary
group on the Kurdistan region in Iraq
Sir, You refer in your leading article to
the plight of the Kurds in the
immediate aftermath of the first Gulf
War and state: ?No one came to their
aid, and the lesson seemed clear, the
rhetoric in Washington about
liberation and democracy was
self-serving.? This is incorrect. An
international coalition was formed
almost overnight to alleviate the
suffering of hundreds of thousands of
Kurds in North Iraq. 3 Commando
Brigade Royal Marines deployed
incredibly quickly, within hours in
many cases, to come under the
command of Lieutenant-General
John Shalikashvili, US Army, in an
entirely unexpected and unrehearsed
operation. The Times reported at the
time on the creation of a safe haven
for the Kurds inside Iraq (?Coming to
the rescue of the Kurds?, Apr 18, 1991).
major-general andrew keeling
Commander, 3 Commando Brigade
Royal Marines 1990-92
Caught mapping
mocked for expecting maps and
diagrams to be coloured in neatly. I
see that I am vindicated at last (?. . . but
a spot of colouring could help?, May 3)
as students are reaching for colouring
books to calm themselves down.
Obviously we geographers have
simply been ahead in our thinking.
anita mills
Bath
Sir, The vice-chancellor of
Buckingham University attests that
children can no longer read maps and
are losing their grip on reality (May
3). I am not qualified to comment on
the latter part of this contention but
as a professor of geography I concur
that a lack of geographical awareness
is a growing concern. Cartographic
knowledge of our surroundings
augments our understanding of
events affecting our shared living
environments. Basic map skills also
afford one considerable pleasure in
navigating the environment. Although
my car has a sat-nav, I never turn it
on. I much prefer to choose a route by
consulting a map. This enables me to
include points of interest between A
and B, with the additional benefit of
not directing me into a river.
professor michael pacione
Milton of Campsie, Glasgow
Sir, Throughout my career as a
geography teacher I have been
Corrections and
clarifications
6 In a story about making marriage
plans, ?Get to financial grips with the
big events in your life? (Money, Apr
28), we said: ?Divorce revokes any
wills you may have made in [a
previous] marriage.? This was
incorrect. Divorce does not revoke
any will made in an earlier marriage.
We apologise for the error, which was
introduced in editing.
The Times takes
complaints
about editorial
content
seriously. We are committed to abiding
by the Independent Press Standards
Organisation rules and regulations and
the Editors? Code of Practice that IPSO
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Bridge Street, London SE1 9GF
Friday May 4 2018 | the times
on this day may 4, 1918
SLEEPING
IN
GAS MASKS
You have already been told the
heroic story of the defence of
Kemmel, and if in the later stages we
had intelligence of the surrounded
garrison only from aeroplanes, it was
because the French runners were
nearly all killed, and, with the enemy
all round, it was impossible to send
messages. French officers speak in
the highest terms of their runners,
some of whom got through with
messages after hiding up to their
Sir, As soon as we saw the reports of
Saddam?s attacks, and the Kurds
fleeing to the mountains to escape
mass murder, and with little food or
possessions, we took action in 1991 to
save them and provide safe havens.
The Americans sent 5,000 troops, we
Vaccine policy
Sir, Further to your article ?Doctors
pay for sons to have vaccine that girls
get free? (Mar 3), we are an average
working-class family (not doctors)
with three children: a girl and two
boys. Our daughter has benefited
from a free HPV vaccination; after
reviewing the medical evidence we
paid our GP surgery �0 for the two
injections needed to protect our 13year-old son. We will do the same
once our other son is old enough. We
have also paid for the meningitis B
vaccination, an additional �0 per
child, as there were cases locally in
necks in water while the German
infantry went by. Equally heroic
were the stretcher-bearers, who had
to bring the wounded over two
kilometres of exposed road. Many
were killed, and it is recorded of one
French ambulance crew that they
worked for six days and nights
without rest, only finally to be killed.
The Germans, attacking behind a
barrage, got through on both sides of
Kemmel, and fighting of the fiercest
description went on between
Dranoutre and Locre. The French,
after the enemy got round them into
Dranoutre, re-formed in a wood just
behind the village, re-attacked, and
drove the Germans out.
For two days it was a constant
struggle against the rising tide;
French units or small parties were
again and again surrounded, and
fighting breathlessly, facing in all
directions, then somehow filled up
the gaps, and held on again. The
attack of the 29th was once again
preceded with very heavy gas
shelling, so that the French soldiers
once more slept and passed the
night in masks. Fortunately, a brisk
sent 2,000 including a complete
Marine Commando, and the French
sent 1,000 as well. In addition we
based RAF Tornado jets in Turkey to
establish a no-fly zone for Iraqi
planes, and in particular their lethal
helicopter gunships. Its code name
was Operation Provide Comfort, and
it certainly did, as I saw for myself.
lord king of bridgwater
Defence secretary 1989-92,
House of Lords
Sir, Further to Anthony Loyd?s article
?Kurds say West has betrayed them
after purge of Isis? (May 3), I would
wholeheartedly agree that the Kurds
as a people deserve a great deal more
support and recognition. My wife and
I were present in Arbil on the day of
the referendum last year and spent
just over week in Kurdistan itself. We
were greatly moved during the
referendum process to see that many
Kurdish people had a clear desire to
determine their own future. The
atmosphere was one of a holiday, and
it was apparent that many had made
considerable effort to vote and had
travelled from other countries to
participate in the process.
michael robinson
Ickleford, Herts
adolescents. It is our choice to
prioritise this in our family budget, but
we feel saddened that the UK seems
so reluctant to protect all our children.
jacky millar
Marshfield, Glos
Computer says No
Sir, Jenni Russell (Comment, May 3)
might be less enthusiastic about
psychometric tests if she had ever had
her future decided by one. It rather irks
when, after five years of hard study to
achieve good A-level results and a
degree, this is all discounted and your
fate is decided by an automaton. The
impersonal nature of the application
process is also particularly dispiriting
for unemployed graduates, as it feels
that people cannot be bothered to even
consider your application, farming you
out to be rejected by robots.
I went to a state school and would
much rather have my job applications
considered by a human being.
samuel casey
Bradford on Avon, Wilts
wind was blowing, which dissipated
the fumes quickly, so the casualties
from gas were negligible, but the
men say that they had to put on and
take off their masks 50 times in the
course of the day. The German
attack was assisted by a great fleet of
aeroplanes, which flew low and
bombed and fired their machineguns at the French positions.
The whole French performance
was very gallant. One platoon fought
for two days, surrounded on all sides
and quite isolated, and never gave a
yard of ground till assistance came
and relieved them. It is characteristic
of the fatherly care which the
French commanding officers take of
their men in the main positions, that
through it all the French troops got
their rations of wine and beefsteak,
though these had to be brought up
under conditions of incredible
difficulty.
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with extracts from
the times history of the war
ww1.thetimes.co.uk
Nobel prime time
Sir, Robbie Millen?s catalogue of
Nobel literary prize misses
(Thunderer, May 1) is amusing and, in
general, I agree with him. There is a
leaden Scandiworthiness about the
committee?s judgments. There are,
though, undeniably hits among the
misses. Who would cavil at Beckett,
Solzhenitsyn or Morrison? By my
partial count about a third of the
winners are unexceptionable by any
judgment. The pity is that the awards
come after the sap has ceased to rise
? like carrying your tombstone on
your back, grumbled Saul Bellow.
When and if it returns from its
present crisis it is to be hoped that the
committee dares to choose writers in
their prime, not their sunset years.
john sutherland
Emeritus Lord Northcliffe professor
of modern English literature, UCL
Russian beauties
Sir, Matthew Parris (My Week, May
2) expresses his admiration for the
bridges over the M1, and suggests
they should be listed for preservation.
Indeed they should. They were
designed by Oleg Kerensky, for the
firm Freeman, Fox & Partners, of
which he was a partner. Kerensky was
the son of the Russian prime minister
Alexander Kerensky, who fled to Paris
in 1918. Oleg was appointed CBE in
1964 and FRS in 1970.
r h w cooper
Grasmere, Cumbria
Too ill not to work
Sir, Further to your report ?Death of
the sickie as staff turn up ill? (May 2),
when I worked on a leading women?s
magazine one manager never let us
take time off for illness, insisting that
a slug of whisky in our coffee would
cure everything. Struck down with flu
and armed with a doctor?s note, I
once dared to stay off work for more
than a week. She rang me every day
to ask if I felt well enough to return.
linda zeff
London N20
Egg utility vehicle
Sir, Apropos Allan Duncan?s letter
(May 1), the original design brief of the
Citro雗 2CV was that the suspension
should be soft enough for the car to be
able to carry a tray of eggs across a
ploughed field without any breakages.
It succeeded with aplomb.
roger marsden
Basingstoke, Hants
Weighing pupils
Sir, When I was at school years ago
we were weighed and measured each
term (?Schools could be forced to
weigh pupils for Ofsted obesity
checks?, May 3). But accuracy matters.
One child measured 5ft 4in at the
start of term and 5ft 3in at the end. It
elicited the comment on the term
report: ?Seems to be settling down.?
andrew body
Ludlow, Shropshire
Eton trifles
Sir, When I dealt with admissions for
Hull law faculty in the late 1960s, an
Eton master (letter, May 2) wrote the
most memorably succinct reference I
ever received: ?As viscounts go, he is a
very good one.? Sadly he was not
sufficiently impressed to join us.
john hawkins
Colchester, Essex
the times | Friday May 4 2018
29
1G M
Leading articles
Daily Universal Register
UK: Local election results emerge in
England.
US: President Trump addresses the National
Rifle Association meeting in Dallas, Texas.
Nature notes
In gardens now on
sunny days, a little
insect ? and often
several of them ?
can be seen
hovering out in
the open and
constantly shooting sideways. These are
hoverflies. They look like small wasps. There
are 250 species of them in Britain, but only
two of these are commonly noticed, and
these have English names, not just scientific
names like most of the others. The
marmalade hoverfly has a yellow back
with two double black lines across it, each
consisting of a thick line and a thin line.
The common banded hoverfly looks
basically black with three broad yellow
bands across its back, the top one broken.
You can easily see these distinctive patterns
when they settle on flowers to take nectar,
or even sometimes when they are hovering.
The larvae do a good job in the garden
by eating aphids. derwent may
Birthdays today
Rory McIlroy, pictured,
golfer, winner of four
major championships, 29;
Julian Barratt, actor and
comedian, The Mighty
Boosh (2003-07), 50; Ravi
Bopara, cricketer, Essex
and England (2007-12), 33;
Anna Botting, broadcaster, Sky News, 51;
Alison Britton, ceramic artist, 70; Dick Dale,
guitarist, Miserlou (1962), 81; Freddie Fox,
actor, Pride (2014), 30; Kate Garraway,
presenter, Good Morning Britain, 51;
Charlotte Green, presenter, Classic FM,
Radio 4 (1985-2013), 62; Dr Caroline
Harper, chief executive, Sightsavers
International, 58; Jackie Jackson, musician,
the Jackson 5, 67; Richard Jenkins, actor,
The Shape of Water (2017), 71; Thomas
Kinsella, poet, Late Poems (2013), 90; Sir
Anthony McCoy, 20-times champion jump
jockey (1995-2015), 44; Christine Morgan,
head of radio, BBC religion and ethics, 60;
Martyn Moxon, cricketer, England (198689), director of cricket, Yorkshire CCC, 58;
Hosni Mubarak, president of Egypt (19812011), 90; Amos Oz, novelist, Judas (2017), 79;
Chris Packham, naturalist and broadcaster,
57; Betsy Rawls, golfer, winner of eight
majors, 90; Marisa Robles, harpist, 81;
Gennadi Rozhdestvensky, conductor, 87;
Dame Caroline Spelman, Conservative MP
for Meriden, Second Church Estates
Commissioner, 60; Dr Thomas Stuttaford,
medical columnist, The Times (1991-2009),
87; Graham Swift, author, Mothering Sunday
(2016), 69; Gillian Tindall, writer and
historian, The Tunnel Through Time (2016),
80; John Watson, Formula One driver
(1973-83, 1985), and commentator, 72.
Split Screen
A computer algorithm failure meant 450,000 women missed screening for
breast cancer. The NHS needs to integrate better to avoid these disasters
As the National Health Service prepares for its
70th anniversary in July, the pressures are
weighing in from all sides. Mistakes are inevitable
in an enterprise with 1.3 million staff, the largest
employer in Europe. Yet when they occur they can
be fatal and they can also illustrate some of the
problems with the NHS.
A computer algorithm failure meant that
450,000 women aged from 68 to 71 have not been
called for breast cancer checks since 2009. The
health secretary, Jeremy Hunt, conceded it was
possible that as many as 270 could have had their
lives shortened as a result. He apologised to the
families of those killed by ?administrative
incompetence?. Officials are now searching for
hundreds of thousands of women to give them
missed screening.
This incident is not dissimilar to the Windrush
scandal in the sense that an administrative mess,
hidden deep in a department, can quickly become
an explosive political issue. While it would be
wrong to suppose that blame can be apportioned
anywhere near Mr Hunt, it is an important
principle that responsibility should settle there.
The question of central responsibility for the
NHS is, in fact, the big issue for the service. In this
case, Public Health England, which runs the
The last word
?Every time you open your wardrobe, you look
at your clothes and you wonder what you are
going to wear. What you are really saying is
?Who am I going to be today?? ? Fay Weldon,
novelist, in The New Yorker (June 26, 1995).
the top needs to be complemented by integration
from the bottom. NHS England has set out ambitious plans for such integration and its main policy
to achieve it is the personal health budget.
The greatest pressure in the NHS, which is
serving an ageing society, is coming from the rise
of long-term conditions such as diabetes and
dementia. There are already 15.4 million people in
Britain coping with a long-term condition. They
take up 70 per cent of the �6 billion NHS budget
as well as two thirds of the �.5 billion spent on
social care. Worse even than that, fragmentation is
a problem for the two million people who suffer
from more than one long-term condition and who
are often passed from one service to another, with
no body obviously in charge.
The best response is to put the patient in charge.
Patients devise a care plan in consultation with a
doctor and then manage their own symptoms.
Early results from a pilot scheme suggest greater
patient satisfaction at lower cost. The various
parts of the bureaucracy are forced to integrate
around the patient, who is the budget holder. This
is, ultimately, a way to relieve the pressure on the
budget and to ensure that mistakes are flagged
early. After all, the people affected are all of a
sudden in control.
Target Journalist
The killing of reporters should be classified as a war crime
A bomb exploded in Kabul this week and journalists rushed to the scene. An Islamic State fighter
disguised as a cameraman triggered a second blast
killing nine reporters and photographers. As
World Press Freedom Day highlighted yesterday,
journalists have become easy targets for killers
across the globe. They are jailed for doing their job
in Turkey, Egypt and Burma, they are muzzled by
increasingly restrictive laws, held hostage by
terror groups and monitored by nervous states. It
is their cold-blooded murder, however, that is
most chilling. According to media rights groups,
2,500 journalists have been killed since 1990.
The United Nations should explicitly spell out
that the deliberate killing of a journalist in a
conflict zone amounts to a war crime. Evidence
should be gathered and the case should be
presented as evidence for the prosecution at the
international criminal court. This may seem like a
naive attempt to impose and enforce rules on
regimes and groups that have shown brazen
disregard for international law. The alternative is
unthinkable: to allow brutal regimes to celebrate
their own impunity. The Afghan killings exposed
On this day
In 1926 the TUC called the first general
strike in British history; in 1970 four Kent
State University students were shot dead by
the National Guard during demonstrations
against the Vietnam War; in 1979 Margaret
Thatcher became Britain?s first female prime
minister; in 2000 Ken Livingstone became
London?s first elected mayor.
screening programme, was accused by NHS
England, which holds most of the NHS budget
and is the body in overall charge of how the system
is organised, of inadequate quality checks. Public
Health England retorted that because NHS
England was the ultimate client, it was up to them
to raise concerns. Though Public Health England
is responsible for strategies to prevent conditions
such as obesity, it provides no services, runs no
hospitals and has no executive authority.
In short, it was not obvious whose job this was.
Before the reforms introduced in 2012 by Andrew
Lansley as health secretary, screening was the
responsibility of a single body rather than split
between Public Health England and NHS
England. The fragmentation in the NHS between
different institutions is a recurrent complaint. The
health secretary would be well advised to assign
responsibility for screening programmes more
clearly to a single agency. The NHS has become a
collection of disparate bodies and some top-down
integration would be welcome.
Not all of the integration can be done by central
government fiat, however. The NHS is a vast body
that needs to work efficiently and yet also be more
responsive to patients. These objectives constantly
pull against each other. Forced integration from
the vulnerabilities of Isis and the Taliban as much
as the press. The terrorist groups are anxious that
a free and independent press will counter their
gross exaggeration of battlefield successes. The
government has passed an access to information
law, approved regulations to establish private
media and ordered investigations into cases of
murder and mistreatment of Afghan journalists.
The formidable family of the murdered Sunday
Times correspondent Marie Colvin have shown
one way of answering this threat. Documents
presented to a US court by Colvin?s sister,
Cathleen, made a powerful case that the reporter
was targeted in an extrajudicial killing
methodically planned by the regime of President
Assad of Syria in 2012. Many of the documents
were provided by the Commission for International Justice and Accountability, which uses a
network of investigators on the ground. They
yield the kind of gritty detail about the chain of
command that would be needed to make a
successful prosecution case at the Hague and
show what can be done.
Colvin, and the French photographer R閙i
Ochlik, were holed up in a makeshift media centre
in Homs when it was coming under bombardment
from Syrian government forces. The evidence,
which includes military intelligence memoranda
and the testimony of defectors, suggests that the
reporter?s presence was tracked from her
interviews with western broadcasters and a ring of
pro-regime informants. The head of the ring was
later rewarded for his part in the killings with a
new car, a gift from Assad?s brother, Maher.
Regime supporters later mounted a macabre
celebration of her killing.
Under international law the targeting of civilians is already a war crime. The same should apply
to reporters. There is a reason that they are in the
crosshairs of ugly dictators: they are feared.
?When you were arrested by the regime,? an exiled
Syrian activist has testified, ?it was far better that
they regard you as an armed fighter rather than as
someone who was working to document and
broadcast their crimes.? The law must reflect this
special duty to record their brutalities. It should
put regimes and terrorist leaders on notice that
journalists cannot simply be eliminated.
Relatively Simple
Pretending to grasp what Stephen Hawking thought about what he used to think
We get it. You bought A Brief History of Time but
gave up on it after a few pages because it was a
beach holiday and, my God, what were you
thinking and what sort of person did you even
imagine you were anyway?
Now you read that Stephen Hawking may have
changed his mind about all of this, anyway, in his
last work with theoretical physicist Thomas
Hertog. What to think? What to feel? How to
pretend you understand?
It?s not so hard. Start by learning that this is all
about what happened before the moment that the
universe began to expand, otherwise known as the
Big Bang. Hawking originally thought nothing
existed at all, before deciding that was a cop-out.
His next theory was that thinking back in time and
space was a bit like thinking about going south
around the globe. As in, when you reach the South
Pole, the term ?south? becomes meaningless, but
you can still keep going. There is no boundary.
This is a magnificent theory, but Hawking was
plagued by the nagging thought that it had a fatal
flaw, with this flaw being that it was total rubbish.
One problem was that it implied not one Big Bang
but many, in the same way that going north from
the South Pole can take you anywhere on Earth.
This, in turn, implied many universes, which
leaves us having to explain why we ended up in
this one, as opposed to another more bizarre one,
where your face is your knee, or the prime minister
is a cheese, or you?re reading The Guardian. If we
cannot, we have not explained anything at all.
To be simplistic about the new theory, which is
to be wrong, but informatively so, it returns to
what he thought before. There is a boundary,
before which there was nothing. In a sentence, you
could say that going backwards, time and space is
not infinite after all. Which, although imperfect, is
the best we can do, because we?re out of both.
30
2G M
Friday May 4 2018 | the times
World
Hush money paid to porn
star not illegal, says Trump
United States
Rhys Blakely Washington
President Trump insisted yesterday
that a hush-money payment to a porn
star days before the 2016 election did
not break campaign finance laws, after
his legal team shocked Washington by
revealing that he had provided the
funds for the deal.
Mr Trump said that a non-disclosure
agreement struck by Michael Cohen,
his personal lawyer, with Stephanie
Clifford, who uses the stage name
Stormy Daniels, had been an attempt to
stop her making ?false and extortionist
accusations? about an alleged affair.
Such arrangements were ?very common among celebrities and people of
wealth?, Mr Trump wrote on Twitter.
?Money from the campaign, or campaign contributions, played no roll [sic]
in this transaction.?
The remarks followed a bombshell
interview by Rudy Giuliani, the former
New York mayor who recently joined
Mr Trump?s legal team.
Appearing on Fox News on Wednesday night, Mr Giuliani revealed that the
president had reimbursed Mr Cohen
the $130,000 that the lawyer had paid
Ms Clifford to secure her silence
about an alleged relationship
with Mr Trump that she says
took place in 2006.
Mr Trump had previously
denied any knowledge of the
payment. On April 5,
while aboard Air
Force One, he was
asked if he knew
where Mr Cohen
had got the money
and answered: ?No.
I don?t know.?
Federal investigators are looking at
whether the payment
amounted to an illegal
Stormy Daniels has
sued Donald Trump
Al-Qaeda terrorist sent from Guantanamo Bay to Saudi Arabia
A convicted terrorist
has been repatriated to
Saudi Arabia from the
Guantanamo Bay
detention camp in Cuba,
the first since Donald
Trump became
president (Michael
Evans writes).
Ahmed Mohammed
Haza al-Darbi, 43, a
Saudi citizen, had been
held at the camp since
August 2002. At a
military commission
trial there in 2014 he
pleaded guilty to
terrorist offences.
He planned an
al-Qaeda attack on a
French oil tanker, the
Limburg, off Yemen in
2002. One person was
killed in the attack,
which took place after
he had been arrested.
Al-Darbi was
transferred to a military
intelligence facility at
Bagram, Afghanistan,
under the US rendition
programme and sent to
Guantanamo Bay two
months later.
The Pentagon, which
announced the detainee
transfer, said it expected
al-Darbi to complete the
contribution to the Trump campaign
by Mr Cohen, potentially a serious
crime. A candidate is allowed to contribute as much as they want to their
own campaign; anyone else is limited
by law to $2,700.
Mr Giuliani told Fox News that Mr
Trump had become aware of the
details of the hush-money deal
only in the past two weeks,
after Mr Cohen?s office and
home were raided by the FBI.
Mr Cohen has been under
surveillance by federal
investigators and it was
reported yesterday that his
phones had been tapped.
At least one call with the
White House was intercepted, NBC news
said. Mr Trump
was said to have
been advised not to
call Mr Cohen
because of the risk
of being recorded.
According to Mr Giuliani, Mr Cohen, who has
remaining nine years of
his 13-year sentence in a
Saudi prison. His
departure brings the
total number of
detainees still held at
Guantanamo Bay to 40.
He said in a
statement issued
through a lawyer: ?My
words will not do justice
to what I lived through
in these years and to
the men I leave behind
in prison.?
The Pentagon said he
had waived his right to
appeal against his
sentence.
worked for Mr Trump for a decade,
made the payment to Ms Clifford ?on
his own authority?. Mr Trump reimbursed him through a series of monthly
payments of $35,000 each, he added.
?That removes the campaign finance
violation and we have all the documentary proof,? Mr Giuliani said. Mr
Trump had ?trusted Michael, and
Michael trusted him?.
Mr Cohen had previously said that
?neither the Trump Organisation nor
the Trump campaign was a party to the
transaction with Ms Clifford? ? a carefully phrased statement that gave rise to
speculation that Mr Trump might have
been involved. He had also claimed that
the money came from his own pocket.
Legal experts said that campaign
finance laws may still have been broken
if the payment to Ms Clifford was made
in order to influence the 2016 election
and not disclosed to the Federal Election Commission.
In a second interview broadcast on
Fox yesterday morning, Mr Giuliani
asked his TV hosts to imagine what
would have happened had the story of
Mr Trump?s alleged affair with a porn
actress come out ?on October 15, 2016,
in the middle of the last debate with
Hillary Clinton?. He added: ?Cohen
made it go away. He did his job.?
However, he also argued that Mr Cohen had been thinking about Mr
Trump and his wife Melania, not politics, when he made the $130,000
payment. ?I think he was trying to help
the [Trump] family,? Mr Giuliani said.
?It was to save . . . not their marriage as
much as their reputation.?
Michael Avenatti, Ms Clifford?s lawyer, said on Twitter: ?Mr Trump stood
on AF1 and blatantly lied. This followed
the lies told by others close to him,
including Mr Cohen. This should never
be acceptable in our America.?
In an interview with CNN, he added:
?Every American regardless of their
political persuasion should be disgusted by what has happened.?
Ms Clifford has started legal action in
California to invalidate her nondisclosure agreement with Mr Trump.
She has also sued the president for
defamation in New York.
Mr Giuliani also offered Fox News a
new explanation for Mr Trump?s sacking
of James Comey, the former FBI director, which set off a political firestorm a
year ago. ?He fired Comey because
Comey would not, among other things,
say that he wasn?t a target of the [Russia]
investigation,? Mr Giuliani said. ?He?s
entitled to that. Hillary Clinton got that
and he couldn?t get that. So he fired him
and he said, ?I?m free of this guy?.?
Mr Giuliani?s disclosures appeared to
have blindsided senior White House
staff. Asked yesterday when she had
learnt that Mr Trump repaid Mr Cohen
the $130,000, Sarah Sanders, White
House press secretary, said: ?The first
awareness I had was during the interview last night.?
The president has denied having an
affair with Ms Clifford. She alleges that
they slept together in 2006, months
after Melania give birth to Mr Trump?s
son Barron.
President Trump led a National Day of
Kim set to release US prisoners before talks Chinese
North Korea
Daniel Hurst Tokyo
Rhys Blakely Washington
Three Americans held captive by
North Korea were expected to be released imminently as plans for a historic summit between Kim Jong-un and
President Trump take shape.
The three men were believed to have
been transferred to a Pyongyang hotel
in anticipation of their release. Kim
Dong-chul, an American pastor, was
detained in 2015. The other two, Kim
Sang-duk and Kim Hak-song, were
arrested in North Korea in April and
May last year.
Rudy Giuliani, the former New York
mayor who recently joined Mr Trump?s
personal legal team, told Fox News
yesterday: ?We got Kim Jong-un
impressed enough to be releasing three
prisoners today.? Mr Trump himself
had hinted at an imminent prisoner release hours earlier. ?As everybody is
aware, the past administration has long
been asking for three hostages to be released from a North Korean labour
camp, but to no avail. Stay tuned!? he
wrote on Twitter.
He has frequently warned that any
talks with Mr Kim may fail to produce
tangible results, but has come under
pressure anyway from sceptics in Washington to extract concrete concessions
from the North Korean dictator. Yesterday, speaking at a Day of Prayer event
outside the White House, he told the audience to expect ?some very good announcements very shortly?.
Choi Sung-ryong, a South Korean
activist with extensive contacts in the
North, told the AFP news agency that
the three American prisoners had been
moved to a hotel on the outskirts of
Pyongyang. They were being kept
separately but were ?going on tours, receiving medical treatment and eating
good food?, he said.
John Bolton, Mr Trump?s recently appointed national security adviser, said
that releasing the three would be a
?demonstration of sincerity?.
Kim Dong-chul, who was born in
South Korea, was arrested in North
Korea in October 2015 and sentenced
to ten years of hard labour the following
year. He was accused of espionage after
allegedly taking possession of a
memory stick with nuclear-related
data.
Kim Sang-duk, also known as Tony
Kim and believed to be in his late 50s,
had been on a short-term teaching
assignment at the Pyongyang University of Science and Technology before
his arrest at the airport last April as he
tried to leave the country. He was accused of ?subversive acts?.
Kim Hak-song, who was born in
China but educated in the US, worked
at the same university. He was arrested
in May last year as he travelled to his
home in the Chinese border region of
Dandong.
Mr Kim has pledged to suspend
nuclear and missile testing; moves that
the US had long said were prerequisites
for negotiations.
Last week he became the first North
Korean leader to travel to South Korea,
where he met President Moon and declared that he was willing to give up his
nuclear arsenal.
In a symbolic gesture, Mr Kim also
said that North Korea would shift its
time zone by 30 minutes to align with
South Korea.
This week he told Wang Yi, China?s
foreign minister, that ?achieving the
denuclearisation of the peninsula is the
firm position of the North Korean side?.
China
Didi Tang Beijing
China is believed to have deployed
missiles on a series of disputed artificial
islands in the South China Sea.
The move follows warnings from the
US military that Beijing is poised to extend its influence thousands of miles
beyond its shores.
US intelligence officials told the
CNBC news channel that Beijing had
installed anti-ship cruise missiles and
surface-to-air missiles on Fiery Cross
Reef, Subi Reef and Mischief Reef in the
Spratly Islands, which are also claimed
by Vietnam and Taiwan.
China?s Defence Ministry did not
immediately respond to a request for
comment, but a foreign ministry
spokeswoman said: ?Those who do not
intend to be aggressive have no need to
be worried or scared.? She added that
the times | Friday May 4 2018
31
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The World at Five
Why Guantanamo
will never be closed
In depth and online today at 5pm
thetimes.co.uk
SUSAN WALSH/AP
Spotlight falls once again
on a political chameleon
Profile
L
ike his new presidential
boss, Rudy Giuliani is
renowned for speaking
his mind (Boer Deng
writes). The two men have
known each other for at least 30
years, and Mr Trump donated
money to Mr Giuliani?s fledgling
political career. In 1994 he became
the mayor of New York, President
Trump?s home city, a position he
held until two months after the
attacks on the World Trade Center
in 2001, and won plaudits as well as
an honorary knighthood, for his
handling of the crisis.
He was part of the president?s
campaign and post-election
transition team, but failed to
secure the job he wanted in the
administration as Jeff Sessions was
made the attorney-general. Last
week, Mr Giuliani was brought in
to bolster Mr Trump?s legal team
as it tries to fend off allegations of
campaign financing irregularities
and the Russia inquiry.
The two men are very familiar.
The president was once filmed
pretending to flirt with Mr Giuliani
when he was in drag for a comedy
event. Like his new boss, Mr
Giuliani, 73, has been a political
chameleon. He was born in
Brooklyn to a working class
Italian-American family and his
father, a plumber, dropped out of
school at 15 and was convicted of
armed robbery.
After considering becoming a
priest, Mr Giuliani instead went to
New York University law school.
He then made his name as a
district attorney, taking on the
city?s mafia, who put out a
contract on his life. Nonetheless,
he helped to convict and jail a
senior figure in the Sicilian mafia,
Gaetano Badalamenti, in 1987,
which helped to advance his
political ambitions.
Mr Giuliani was a Democrat but
switched parties when Ronald
Reagan became president. He
Rudy Giuliani boosted his career by
prosecuting mafia members
served two terms as the
Republican mayor of New York
and his demeanour and actions
after the terrorist attacks earned
him praise and speculation that he
could run for the White House.
His legacy, however, was tarnished
by accusations that the New York
fire brigade had been starved of
resources before September 11. A
former wife, his second, with
whom he had a son and a
daughter, revealed that his
infidelity had ended their 18-year
marriage.
He married his mistress in 2003
but the allegations undermined his
hopes of becoming the Republican
presidential nominee in 2008.
Instead, he turned his efforts to
business, running an investment
company and his law firm.
Like Mr Trump, the former
mayor ?loves to talk [and] he does
so with unselfconscious selfabsorption?, Time magazine once
observed.
His long-running friendship with
Mr Trump has given Mr Giuliani
another, perhaps final chance, in
the political spotlight. His
disclosure about Mr Trump, the
president?s former lawyer, and a
porn star has put him back in
the headlines but, as many
previous aides have learnt, it is not
always a good idea to outshine the
boss.
Prayer at the White House, hours after admitting that he reimbursed his lawyer for paying hush money to a porn actress
send cruise missiles to islands
China ?hopes relevant parties can
objectively and calmly view this?.
The Americans believe that the missiles were deployed in the past month.
The installations, if confirmed, would
mark the first Chinese missile deployments in the Spratly Islands.
Beijing has transformed dozens of
atolls and reefs into fortified artificial
islands, ignoring protests from neighbouring nations. The land-based antiship cruise missiles could strike vessels
within 340 nautical miles of the reefs,
while the surface-to-air missiles can hit
aircraft, drones and cruise missiles
within 180 miles.
A Pentagon official told CNBC: ?We
have consistently called on China, as
well as other claimants, to refrain from
further land reclamation, construction
of new facilities and militarisation of
disputed features. The further militarisation of outposts will only serve to
CHINA
Extent of
China?s claim,
the so-called
nine-dash line
VIETNAM
M
VIE
200 miles
South China Sea
Woody Island
Paracel
Islands
PHILIPPINES
ES
S
Subi Reef
Fiery
Cross
Reef
Mischief
Reef Thitu Is
Spratly
ra
a
Islands
BRU
RUNEI
R
RU
Singapore
MALAYSI
LAYSIA
LAYSI
IND
DONESIA
D
O
raise tensions and create greater
distrust among claimants.?
Greg Poling, a South China Sea
expert at the Centre for Strategic and
International Studies in Washington,
said yesterday: ?Before this, if you were
one of the other claimants you knew
that China was monitoring your every
move. Now you will know that you?re
operating inside Chinese missile range.
That?s a pretty strong, if implicit, threat.?
The US military said last month that
China?s ?forward operating bases? in
the South China Sea appeared to have
been completed. ?The only thing lacking are the deployed forces,? Admiral
Philip Davidson said. ?China will be
able to extend its influence thousands
of miles to the south and project power
deep into Oceania.
?China is now capable of controlling
the South China Sea in all scenarios
short of war with the United States.?
Safari park closes after lion
killing prompts death threats
South Africa
Jane Flanagan Cape Town
A South African safari park where a
ranger shot dead a lion as it mauled one
of the owners has shut its doors after
receiving threats and abuse.
Mike and Chrissy Hodge said that
they needed time ?to take stock and
decide what to do next? after the attack
at Marakele Predator Park in which Mr
Hodge, 72, suffered a broken jaw and
multiple lacerations.
Footage of the incident, which was
recorded by a tourist and shared online,
has drawn criticism of Mr Hodge, his
park and the commercial ?wildlife? industry. The couple, who moved to
South Africa from Wilmslow, Cheshire,
30 years ago, said that they were ?devastated? by what had happened and did
not understand why Shamba, the tenyear-old lion, suddenly charged.
The video shows Mr Hodge walking
around Shamba?s enclosure. The lion
runs at him, knocks him to the ground
and drags him away head-first. The
shooting by a ranger is not shown.
The park, about 160 miles northwest
of Johannesburg, has more than a
dozen big cats, including white lions. Its
income comes from visitors as well as
volunteers who pay for hands-on work
experience with the animals.
Pippa Hankinson, from the Blood
Lions campaign against captive predator breeding, said the park had no conservation value, adding: ?Tourists and
volunteers who pay to pet, cuddle and
walk with captive predators support the
industry as they are helping to cover
the costs of rearing these animals.?
32
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Friday May 4 2018 | the times
World
Dam threatens to wipe out rare orangutan
Indonesia
Ben Webster Environment Editor
A recently discovered species of orangutan is threatened with extinction in
Indonesia by plans for a hydroelectric
dam backed by Chinese companies,
scientists have said.
Tapanuli orangutans were thought
until last year to be genetically identical
to Sumatra?s other orangutans, but
analysis of their genome established
them as a separate species, now named
Pongo tapanuliensis, that had been
isolated from other orangutans for
10,000 years.
Only 800 Tapanuli orangutans are
left and they are already threatened by
hunting and the expansion of agriculture. Sinohydro, a Chinese state-owned
hydroelectric company, is clearing forest in Sumatra in preparation for the
510-megawatt Batang Toru dam. Sinosure and Bank of China have provided
loans for the $1.6 billion project, the
Sumatran Orangutan Society said.
Sinohydro did not respond yesterday
to requests for comment. Its good
governance policy, published on its
website, says that it observes ?a set of
?no-go? areas including . . . habitats of
threatened species?.
Critics argue that the dam will make
it far harder for orangutans to move
between the two main sections of their
breeding grounds, fragmenting the
population and causing inbreeding.
According to a paper in Current Biology
at least 8 per cent of Tapanuli territory
will be damaged or destroyed.
The authors, from James Cook University in Australia and the University
of Indonesia, said that the new roads
required for building and maintaining
the dam would encourage more development and deforestation. ?This proposed project is highly inadvisable,?
they concluded. ?Without rapid action
to limit conversion and restore key habitat, the long-term survival of [Tapanuli
orangutans] is in serious doubt.?
They called on the Indonesian government to protect all the remaining
Tapanuli habitat and restore land
already converted to plantations to
create 200-metre wide corridors for the
orangutans to cross and find mates.
They also recommend installing rope
bridges to help the apes cross rivers.
Serge Wich of Liverpool John Moores University, one of the scientists who
revealed the existence of the Tapanuli
orangutan, said: ?It?s appalling to think
that, within our lifetimes, a new great
ape species could be both discovered
and driven to extinction. And yet if
construction of the Batang Toru dam is
allowed to continue, it will be the final
nail in the coffin.
?This species is already perilously
close to extinction and so every effort
must be made to ensure that one of
our closest living relatives survives.
Companies and investors involved in
the project must immediately halt
construction of the dam while full
legal protection is granted to all of the
orangutans? remaining forest, and
efforts made to produce this electricity
elsewhere.?
Professor Wich suggested that the
Indonesian government should focus
instead on a large geothermal project
north of the Tapanuli habitat.
Fewer than 15,000 orangutans remain on Sumatra and 70,000-100,000
are left in Borneo, the only other place
where they exist in the wild.
Dust storms kill 125 in
night of destruction
Delhi At least 125 people have
been killed and hundreds injured
in northern India after a night of
chaos in which powerful dust
storms brought down houses and
ripped trees from the ground. The
storms tore down electricity
pylons, hurled trees into buildings
and killed livestock in Rajasthan
and Uttar Pradesh. There were
also torrential downpours. In
Agra, home to the Taj Mahal, at
least 36 people died in the city
and surrounding districts. Dozens
of people were reportedly killed
by lightning strikes. The state
government in Rajasthan
announced that families of the
dead would receive 400,000
rupees (�400) in compensation.
Red Cross aid worker
kidnapped by gunmen
Mogadishu Gunmen abducted a
German nurse from the
compound of the International
Committee of the Red Cross in
the Somali capital. Sonja Nientiet
had been giving first-aid training.
The kidnappers avoided guards
by taking her out of a back door.
Abductions of foreign aid staff,
once common, have become
unusual. No one has claimed
responsibility. (Reuters)
Italian rivals called to
new coalition talks
Rome Italy?s bickering political
Albino killers
may face the
death penalty
Malawi
Jane Flanagan Africa Correspondent
The president of Malawi has called for
a debate on introducing the death penalty for ?albino hunters? after the most
recent case of a victim being killed for
his body parts.
A priest and a police officer were
among a gang of 12 arrested over the
kidnapping and murder of McDonald
Masambuka, 22, the 22nd person with
albinism to have been killed in the
country since 2014.
Suspects led police to a shallow grave
containing his dismembered body. He
went missing on March 9 from Machinga in the east of the country. His legs
and some bones had been removed. A
surgical assistant and one of the victim?s
closest relatives are among those facing
charges over his death, police said.
Traditional medicine, or witchcraft,
is common in some rural parts of Africa
where access to modern medicine is
limited and superstitions persist. There
have been about 150 attacks on people
with albinism in Malawi since 2014. The
condition is caused by a lack of pigmentation in the skin, hair and eyes and
affects one in 20,000 people worldwide,
but is most common in sub-Saharan
Africa. The body parts are made into
charms or potions by traditional healers who claim they bring wealth and
good fortune. The entire body of someone with albinism can sell for tens of
thousands of pounds.
President Mutharika said that Malawi needed an ?honest debate? about introducing the death sentence to ?stop
such barbarous acts?.
Ikponwosa Ero, the UN independent
expert on albino rights, described the
situation in Malawi as ?an emergency, a
crisis disturbing in its proportions.
They are an endangered people group
facing a risk of systemic extinction over
time if nothing is done,? she added.
leaders have been summoned by
the president for a day of talks on
Monday to resolve a two-month
impasse. Sergio Mattarella?s office
said the talks were to develop a
coalition between the populist
Five Star Movement and the
centre-left Democratic Party. Mr
Mattarella could appoint a unity
government to lead Italy until a
general election next year. (AP)
Three rhinos shot dead
in Kenyan sanctuary
Nairobi Poachers killed two adult
black rhinos and a calf in a
sanctuary at Meru National Park,
Kenya. Rangers heard gunshots
then laid ambushes but did not
catch the culprits. The black
rhino is critically endangered. Its
horn is made of keratin, as are
human hair and fingernails, but is
sought after in Asia, where it is
sold as a hangover cure and
aphrodisiac. (AFP)
Mulch obliged: girl, 3,
survives five-storey fall
Stamford A three-year-old girl
survived with only minor injuries
after falling the equivalent of five
storeys and landing in freshly
spread mulch. Police in Stamford,
Connecticut, said that the child
was being looked after by her
sight-impaired grandmother and
an aunt when she opened a
window in the second-floor flat
and fell to the car park area
below ground level. (AP)
Train tea vendor fined
for using lavatory water
Calcutta An Indian tea vendor
caught on video taking water
from a train toilet before serving
passengers has been fined �100
amid concern over food hygiene.
He said he and his colleagues had
been pouring milk from one can
to another and did not want to do
it in the open. Rail officials said
they had investigated the incident
on the Madras-Hyderabad
express ?in detail?. (AFP)
the times | Friday May 4 2018
33
2G M
World
Writer is a big deal in the world of poker
United States
Will Pavia New York
Almost a year ago, the psychologist and
writer Maria Konnikova stood on the
floor of the Monte Carlo Casino
explaining the idea for her new book.
She would spend a year learning to be
a professional poker player, she said,
hoping to ?work from zero to the highest levels? and use the skills she had
learnt to make ?better decisions? in
everyday life. The book would chart
that journey, she said.
Today, the book is on hold and, at a
recent tournament in the Caribbean,
Konnikova triumphed over a field of
230 players, including some well
known champions, to win $84,600.
One particular lesson seems to have
stayed with her: not to leave the table
when your luck is in. This week she was
back in Monte Carlo playing poker.
The game appears to have been
rather more lucrative than writing.
When a fellow writer suggested on
Twitter that her success at cards represented ?the future of journalism?,
Konnikova replied: ?I mean, everyone
keeps saying we need a new business
model.?
Konnikova was born in Moscow and
moved with her family to the US as a
child. She graduated with distinction
from Harvard and completed a doctorate at Columbia University in New York
before becoming a journalist at The
New Yorker and a writer of popular psychology books. They included How to
Think Like Sherlock Holmes, which was
published in 2013, and The Confidence
Game, in which she interviewed con
artists and explored what makes people
susceptible to deception.
After that work was finished, in the
autumn of 2016, she shifted her focus
from con artists to poker players. ?It?s
not the connection you would think,?
she said last year. ?I was interested in
the question of skill versus chance in
life and how much of our lives we control, and that?s a huge question.?
Some had approached the question
philosophically, some strayed into
theology and metaphysics.
?I decided to use [the poker game] nolimit hold ?em specifically ? because
life is obviously a game of no limits ? as
a metaphor for life and immerse myself
in that world.? It helped that she was a
bestselling author. Erik Seidel, a poker
champion, agreed to take her on as his
student, taking her with him to highstakes games. Other champions,
eager to popularise the game, let
her watch them play too. ?When I
started this project I didn?t
know how many cards
[there are] in a deck,? she
said. ?I thought it was 54. I
didn?t realise the jokers
didn?t count.?
Mr Seidel made her build her
game from the bottom up,
starting with $20 and $40
tournaments. There she met
hustlers pretending to be
Maria Konnikova has
had a string of wins
SERGEY GORSHKOV/SOUTH WEST NEWS SERVICE
Plundered
treasures
returned
to Baghdad
novices and preying on tourists, she
said in an interview with Poker News.
The players seemed friendlier the
higher she climbed.
After winning that $84,000 in
January, a solid finish in a major
tournament convinced her that it
was not a fluke.
?It?s a really wonderful feeling
when you?re studying and working to have that validated,? she
said. She went on to finish
second at a tournament in
Macau, winning $57,519.
On Twitter this week, she
said that she had pushed the
book back to next year.
?I have some more
tourneys to play
first,? she added.
Bank bosses
held as cash
runs short
in meltdown
Catherine Philp
Diplomatic Correspondent
Venezuela
Thousands of priceless artefacts from
ancient Mesopotamia are on their way
back to Iraq after they were recovered
by the US authorities from an evangelical family-owned business that had
bought them from looters.
The objects were smuggled into the
US by Hobby Lobby, a craft store chain
that achieved notoriety in 2014 when it
won a Supreme Court case exempting it
from covering contraception on employees? health insurance, because it
was against the owners? Christian
values.
Hobby Lobby paid $1.6 million to an
unknown dealer for 5,500 Middle Eastern artefacts for its Museum of the
Bible in Washington, despite expert
warnings that they may have been illegally looted from sites in Iraq.
The majority of the items were
ancient clay cuneiforms from the
second and third millennia BC, several
from the ancient city of Irisagrig. Prosecutors said the deal was ?fraught with
red flags?. Hobby Lobby went ahead
with the purchase even though its
representatives never met the dealers
and received conflicting accounts of
their origins.
Hobby Lobby obeyed instructions to
wire payments to seven personal bank
accounts overseas before the items
were shipped from Israel and the
United Arab Emirates in packages
falsely identifying Turkey as their
country of origin. A number were intercepted, prompting an investigation.
Hobby Lobby forfeited the items and
was fined $3 million.
This week 3,800 items were handed
to the Iraq embassy in Washington for
repatriation. They will be taken to the
restored National Museum of Iraq in
Baghdad for examination and display.
Richard Donohue of the US Attorney?s Office said: ?We are proud to have
played a role in removing these pieces
of Iraq?s history from the black market
of illegally obtained antiquities and
restoring them to the Iraqi people.?
Thomas Homan, the director of US
immigration and customs enforcement, called the case ?a powerful reminder that nobody is above the law?.
Hobby Lobby did not respond to request for comment on the handover but
has previously blamed its lack of experience for the illegal acquisition.
Venezuela?s socialist government has
arrested the entire senior management
of the country?s leading private bank as
the country struggles with chronic cash
shortages, spiralling inflation and a
collapse in the value of its currency.
The chief prosecutor said yesterday
that 11 executives at the bank, including
Oscar Doval, its human resources
director, had been ?attacking the financial system?. They were being held by
military counterintelligence.
Earlier, Tareck El Aissami, the
Venezuelan vice-president, said that
?suspicious? activity, indicating black
market trading, had been detected in
Banesco accounts. Mr El Aissami, who
is deemed a ?drug kingpin? by the US
Treasury Department ? a description
he denies ? said Banesco had been
used by ?criminal networks? to take
banknotes from the country and
undermine the local currency.
Juan Carlos Escotet, Banesco?s president, has temporarily stepped down as
non-executive chairman of the Spanish
bank Abanca to assist his companies in
Venezuela, Abanca said yesterday. He
was not among those arrested.
In 2013, the holding group Banesco,
owned by Mr Escotet, bought Spain?s
regional bank NCG Banco, now
rebranded Abanca, for ?1 billion.
Economists say there is a far simpler
explanation for the fact that Venezuelans are finding cash in short supply
and worthless: inflation. It is running at
about 9,000 per cent. The Venezuelan
government does not publish inflation
figures and consistently claims that
rising prices are the result of illegal
speculation, not market forces.
Banesco, which has more than 20 per
cent of the retail banking business in
the country, issued a statement before
the arrests, saying: ?All of our actions
are always entirely lawful.?
On Wednesday the IMF criticised
Venezuela for failing to provide it with
economic figures in accordance with its
membership. It has described Venezuela?s economic collapse as one of the
most extreme in modern history.
President Maduro is campaigning for
re-election this month, despite being
blamed for economic mismanagement
that has led to hunger and mass migration. The opposition coalition has boycotted the vote, saying it will be rigged.
Stephen Gibbs Caracas
The bear necessities A fish twists fruitlessly in the jaws of a brown bear as it is pulled from a river in Kamchatka, Russia
Down dog? US vets dish out happy pills
Rhys Blakely Washington
Could the cat be catatonic? Should the
pooch be getting Prozac? Worried that
the guinea pig is gloomy?
Surveys of vets and owners suggest
that a growing number of Americans
are giving their pets anti-anxiety drugs
to treat conditions such as antisocial
behaviour, phobias and compulsive
tail-chasing.
A market research company has suggested that nearly one in ten American
dog owners has given a medicine to
their pet for ?anxiety, calming or mood
purposes?. For cats, the figure is about
one in 20, according to a national survey.
About 60 million US households own a
dog, and about 47 million own a cat. If
the survey is accurate, several million
animals are being medicated.
The Washington Post recently collated
a number of studies and concluded that
?veterinary providers and pet owners
are paying increased attention to
such problems as separation anxiety,
compulsive behaviours, phobias and
aggression . . . As a result, many
American pets are taking psychiatric
medications.?
A poll of vets in 2016 found that more
than 80 per cent had prescribed fluoxetine, an antidepressant often sold under
the brand name Prozac, to treat a cat or
dog. Several drugs developed for
humans have been approved by US
regulators to treat the mental health of
pets. The antidepressant clomipramine,
for example, can be used for separation
anxiety in dogs.
Selegiline, which is used to treat
Parkinson?s disease in people, has
been prescribed for canine cognitive
dysfunction.
Michael Fox, a vet who writes a
column for the Washington Post, has
warned against an ?over-reliance
on psychopharmaceuticals to help
animals adapt to situations in which
they do not belong, such as a dog being
left at home in a crate all day?.
34
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Friday May 4 2018 | the times
World
Blistering barnacles!
Tintin watercolour
to sell for ?500,000
A
rare
watercolour
of the boy
reporter
Tintin was
expected to sell in Paris
last night for more than
half a million euros, as
the Belgian cartoon
character continues to
rise from the world of
comic strips to the
realm of serious art
collecting (Charles
Bremner writes).
The image, drawn in
ink and coloured by
Georges Remi, aka
Herg�, Tintin?s creator,
was the cover for King
Ottokar?s Sceptre, the
hero?s seventh adventure
when it was originally
published, in 1939, in the
The drawing was created
by Georges Remi, aka
Herg�, below, in 1938
youth supplement to Le
Petit Vingti鑝e, a
Catholic monthly. The
sale, at Christie?s, was
expected to beat records
for modern cartoons.
The 20cm x 20cm
illustration, which
did not appear in
the subsequent
published
book, shows
T
Tintin
fleeing
through the
s
snow-covered
Balkans
into the imaginary state
of Syldavia from the
fascist kingdom of
Borduria. He is
accompanied by his
faithful fox terrier Milou
(Snowy in the English
version) and is clutching
a loaf of bread and a
bottle of red wine. A
Bordurian border guard
is seen shaking his fists.
The latest sale in a
booming auction market
for Tintin originals is
rare because the
illustration had been
locked away for 79 years
by the family who
received it as a gift from
the artist. Daniel
Maghen, an expert at
Christie?s, which was
selling the work, said
that the illustration, in
Herg�s typical clean
line style, ?has an
incredible freshness? as
it had not suffered from
any wear.
?You?d say that Herg�
finished it last week. It?s
magical,? he said.
Another original
illustration from King
Ottokar?s Sceptre, which
is seen as the beginning
of Herg�s mature phase,
sold in Paris in
November for ?505,000.
It?s a jungle out there:
elite Parisian district
gets a migrant camp
France
Adam Sage Paris
Migrants could soon be mingling with
Paris?s most affluent residents after the
city council won approval for a plan to
house them in a camp in an exclusive
neighbourhood.
With the capital struggling to cope
with an influx of more than 500 migrants a week, Anne Hidalgo, the
mayor, has proposed opening a shelter
for the destitute in a park in the 16th Arrondissement, home to Nicolas Sarkozy, the former president, and Xavier Niel, the business tycoon who has a fortune estimated at ?9 billion.
She wants a series of wooden shelters
in Bois de Boulogne park, which were
originally intended to house travellers,
to be turned over to migrants as part of
efforts to relieve the pressure on parts
of north Paris, where about 3,000
people are sleeping on pavements. The
move needs government approval and
residents have begun a determined
campaign to prevent it.
A local woman who declined to be
named said that the Bois de Boulogne
was already frequented by prostitutes.
?We cannot go out after 6pm. If they
put migrants there on top of that, where
are we going to be able to go for a walk??
Claude Goasguen, the constituency
MP and a member of the centre-right
opposition Republicans party, accused
Ms Hidalgo of ?targeting the Bois de
Boulogne again?. He said the government was ?totally opposed to a concentration of migrant camps in the capital?.
Le Parisien has described Paris as ?the
new Calais?.
Hundreds of migrants arrive in
France from Italy every week, often by
crossing the Alps. Some hope to claim
asylum in France, others plan to go on
to the UK and elsewhere.
However, heightened security at
Channel ports has made reaching Britain harder, and the evacuation two
years ago of The Jungle, the Calais
The 16th
Arrondissement is
home to Nicolas
Sarkozy and his
wife Carla Bruni
camp, has meant that migrants in the
town have to sleep in nearby woods.
Some have decided to settle in Paris,
while others move back and forth
between Calais and Paris.
At least 50,000 migrants have been
bussed to shelters across France after
arriving in Paris over the past two years.
Even so, there are about 2,500 migrants living by the Paris ring-road, a
further 400 by the Place de Stalingrad,
in the city?s northeast, and several
dozen more at other sites in the north of
the city.
Greece accuses Turkey of
revenge cyberattack plot
Greece
Anthee Carassava Athens
Greece is preparing for a cyberattack
on its state institutions after it refused
to hand over Turkish soldiers accused
of plotting to overthrow President
Erdogan.
Turkish hackers of the Akincilar ?
or Raiders ? group threatened to
breach the Greek foreign ministry?s
computer system and leak sensitive
state documents. They also targeted
the state news agency and accused
Greece of aiding and abetting terrorists.
One of the hackers told Skai, an
Athens-based television network, that
the attacks were a response to the soldiers being ?unjustly tried in Athens?.
Since the first hacking, the Turkish
group has attacked the computer
systems of four Greek organisations.
Greek hackers from the group Anonymous were said to have retaliated.
All eight Turkish defectors were
believed to have been supporters of
Fethullah Gulen, the US-based cleric
whom Mr Erdogan has blamed for the
attempt to overthrow his government.
In a statement, the Greek foreign
ministry said that it was dealing with
hacking incidents but that its computer
system had ?not stopped operating?.
Angelos Syrigos, a professor of international relations at Panteion University in Athens, said: ?There?s no
doubt that these guys are spooks acting
within the context of an organised plan
to escalate a war of nerves with
Greece.?
the times | Friday May 4 2018
35
1G M
World
Hunt for MH370 finds wreck of Victorian ship
AUSTRALIAN TRANSPORT SAFETY BUREAU/AFP/GETTY
Australia
INDIAN OCEAN
Bernard Lagan Sydney
The world?s most expensive search has
yet to find the missing Malaysian flight
MH370 but it has solved a 135-year-old
British seafaring mystery.
Australian archaeologists have
identified one of two 19th-century shipwrecks discovered by teams looking for
the lost Boeing 777 as a merchant vessel
that disappeared en route from Liverpool to Bombay in July 1883.
She is almost certainly West Ridge, a
220ft iron barque, built in Scotland,
which was lost while carrying coal to
India. Nothing was heard again of
the ship or her 28-man crew until
December 2015 when a sonar device
registered wreckage more than 12,000ft
beneath the southern Indian Ocean.
There was, briefly, huge excitement
among the team searching for MH370.
The plane vanished in March 2014 on a
flight from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing
and the search has cost an estimated
� million. Then high-resolution
images showed that they had found a
ship rather than an aircraft.
Anchors, old metal fasteners and the
outlines of a hull were visible on the
seabed 1,500 miles off Western Australia. Some of the lumps of coal scattered
around the wreck were recovered and
analysed, enabling Australian scientists
to identify it as British in origin.
That helped to narrow down the
likely identity of the wreck. West Ridge,
built in Glasgow in 1869, was known
to be carrying British coal to India and
her dimensions fitted those of the
Projected route
of missing
aircraft
AUSTRALIA
Proposed new
search area
Perth
Location of
West Ridge
Already searched
The wreck found 12,000ft beneath the southern Indian Ocean is almost certainly West Ridge, a barque lost in July 1883
wreck. Her crew comprised British,
Scottish, Norwegian, Swedish, Canadian
and Irish seamen, including its master,
John Arthur, from Shetland.
A subsequent inquiry found that the
cargo was ?particularly well ventilated?
and therefore an explosion or spontaneous combustion from a gas build-up
was not considered to have caused
the loss, a finding now questioned by
Australian researchers.
Ross Anderson, curator of maritime
archaeology at the West Australian
Museum, who traced the wreck, said:
?Most of the material widely scattered
on the seabed consists of the remains of
the coal cargo that had spilt out of the
hull prior to it striking the seabed.
?The evidence points to the ship
sinking as a result of a catastrophic
event such as explosion, which was
common in the transport of coal
cargos.?
There are competing theories as to
why the wreck of West Ridge lies east of
the normal sailing route to Bombay.
One suggestion is that she had become
dismasted and was making a run for
port in Western Australia. The other is
that the ship was on fire and drifted,
with or without the crew on board,
before she sank.
Explosion or spontaneous combustion was a constant danger for ships
carrying cargos of coal. Between
August 1878 and June 1886, 302
British-registered ships with coal
cargos disappeared at sea.
The Australian researchers were
unable positively to identify a second
wreck found 22 miles from West Ridge,
but they believe that they have
narrowed the candidates to two.
The first is the wooden barque
Magdala, lost in 1882 on a voyage
from Penarth in Wales to Ternate in
Indonesia, also with a cargo of coal.
The other candidate is the wooden
brig W. Gordon, lost in 1876, sailing from
Glasgow to Adelaide and also thought
to have been carrying coal. Her name
board drifted and was found washed up
at Cape Otway, Victoria, in September
of that year.
A second underwater search for
MH370 is being conducted by the
American company Ocean Infinity for
the Malaysian government on a ?no
find, no fee? basis. It is expected to end
this month.
The searchers were to be paid
$90 million if they found MH370, which
was lost with 239 people on board. It has
become ? and may well remain ?the
world?s greatest aviation mystery.
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the times | Friday May 4 2018
37
2G M
Business
world markets (Change on the day)
commodities
FTSE 100
7,502.69 (-40.51)
Gold
$1,313.40 (+7.94)
Dow Jones
23,930.15 (+5.17)
13
23
$
$
�/$
$1.3569 (-0.0038)
$
�/?
?1.1338 (-0.0028)
�
7,800
26,500
1,500
78
1.450
1.200
7,400
24,500
1,400
70
1.400
1.150
7,000
22,500
1,300
62
1.350
1.100
20,500
6,600
Apr 5
currencies
Brent crude (6pm)
$73.12 (+0.60)
May 1
Apr 5
13
23
May 1
1,200
Apr 5
13
23
May 1
54
Apr 5
13
23
May 1
1.050
1.300
Apr 5
13
23
May 1
Apr 5
13
23
May 1
Americans charge ex-Volkswagen boss with conspiracy and fraud
James Dean US Business Editor
American prosecutors have charged
Volkswagen?s former chief executive
with conspiring to mislead customers
and regulators about the carmaker?s
diesel emissions cheating.
Martin Winterkorn was indicted on
four counts of conspiracy and wire
fraud, becoming the most senior VW
executive to be charged in connection
with the scandal. About 11 million
Volkswagen vehicles, including half a
million in America, were secretly and
deliberately equipped with ?defeat devices? that allowed them to cheat diesel
emissions tests. Volkswagen admitted
the existence of the devices in 2015
during an investigation by the US environment watchdog and Mr Winterkorn
resigned soon after.
In March last year, VW paid a
$2.8 billion fine after pleading guilty to
deceiving US regulators with the defeat
devices. Two former VW engineers
have been jailed and a further five
former employees have been charged
but not apprehended. One former VW
employee has been charged and is
awaiting extradition from Germany.
Mr Winterkorn was indicted secretly
in March and the indictment was
unsealed, or made public, in a Detroit
court yesterday.
Jeff Sessions, the attorney general,
said last night: ?The indictment un-
sealed today alleges that Volkswagen?s
scheme to cheat its legal requirements
went all the way to the top of the company. These are serious allegations, and
we will prosecute this case to the fullest
extent of the law. If you try to deceive
the United States, then you will pay a
heavy price.?
Prosecutors allege that Mr Winterkorn, 70, was informed about emissions
cheating in May 2014 and again in July
2015 but agreed with other top VW
executives to continue to perpetrate
the fraud. He is charged with conspiring to defraud the US, violating environmental law and wire fraud.
A spokesman for VW said that the
company did not comment on individuals and was co-operating with the
authorities. VW has agreed to spend
more than $25 billion in the US to
address legal claims linked to the emissions scandal. It has offered to buy back
about 500,000 vehicles in the US.
MARC DIMOV/PMC
TSB chaos
set to ?last
for months?
City watchdog sends in team to oversee repairs
Harry Wilson City Editor
Customers of TSB are likely to face
months of disruption before the bank is
able to fully fix the computer problems
that have left many unable to access
their accounts and struggling to perform basic services such as paying in
cheques, financial regulators believe.
In a highly unusual move, a team
from the Financial Conduct Authority
has set up a temporary operation in
TSB?s head office to monitor the bank?s
efforts to restore its systems. One
source with knowledge of the work said
officials were working on the basis that
fully repairing the problems could take
several months.
The move by the FCA illustrates the
concerns among regulators over TSB?s
problems, which have cost the bank
millions as it struggles to persuade its
more than five million customers not to
leave it while it repairs the problems.
An IT expert with knowledge of the
situation said that fixing the Spanishowned lender?s system, after a bungled
upgrade, could take three to six months
because of the severity of the problems.
?The fact you can see other people?s
accounts suggests this is way beyond a
capacity issue. I think this is genuinely
catastrophic for TSB,? said the expert,
who works for a UK bank and asked not
to be named.
IBM has been brought in by TSB to
help with the recovery operation but
the expert said that this was a ?stunt?
and that it would take weeks before the
team got to grips with the bank?s technology and provided meaningful help.
TSB has 550 branches in England,
Scotland and Wales with more than
� billion of loans and customer deposits, and has its headquarters in Edinburgh. It was divested from Lloyds
Banking Group after a European Commission ruling that the government?s
purchase of a 43.4 per cent stake in the
group in 2009 counted as state aid. TSB
listed on the London Stock Exchange in
2014 and accepted a takeover offer from
the Spanish bank Sabadell in 2015.
Yesterday was the 11th day since the
problems emerged after a planned
transfer of more than a million customer accounts and more than a billion
records went awry, sending online
banking services down and leaving inbranch computer systems in disarray.
In a message on the bank?s Twitter account yesterday, it suggested customers
having problems with services such as
paying in cash or cheques use the Post
Office instead of their TSB branch.
Paul Pester, chief executive of TSB,
declined at a parliamentary hearing on
Wednesday to discuss whether the
bank had properly planned for the
transfer to a new IT system developed
by Sabadell.
Speaking to the MPs, Miquel Montes, general manager of Sabadell and a
director of TSB, said that the end to the
problems was ?very close?. Mr Pester
refused to be drawn on when the problems would be resolved. A spokeswoman for TSB said: ?IBM has been appointed to help us identify and resolve
the performance issues in our platform.
We need to understand what the IBM
experts tell us so we can fully understand the issues. Only then can we
understand the timescales to fix this.?
Bum rap Jay-Z, left with Kanye West, has been ordered by the US Securities and Exchange Commission to explain details of
the $200 million sale of his Rocawear clothing label to Iconix Brand Group in 2007. He failed to comply with earlier requests
Tesla shares crash after Musk outburst
James Dean US Business Editor
Ill-tempered comments by Elon Musk,
the boss of Tesla, triggered a sell-off in
the electric carmaker?s shares yesterday, wiping about $3 billion from its
value.
On an earnings call after Tesla
reported its fifth consecutive record
loss on Wednesday night Mr Musk,
the billionaire technology entrepreneur, described questions from financial analysts as ?bonehead? and ?dry?.
Adam Jonas, an analyst at Morgan
Stanley, who was on the call, said it was
?arguably the most unusual call I have
experienced in 20 years?.
In Silicon Valley Mr Musk is revered
for his brains but feared for his temper.
He often vents his anger at his critics on
Twitter and is supported by an army of
loyal followers who believe he is trying
to change the world for the better.
Tesla?s main business is selling electric cars, although it also makes batteries for home and industrial use and
solar power systems. The company?s
shares closed down 5.6 per cent at
$284.45 in New York last night, valuing
the company at $48.1 billion, with analysts suggesting the decline showed
that Wall Street was running out of
patience with Tesla.
Mr Musk took issue with technical
questions from analysts about Tesla?s
profit margins, cashflow and customer
reservations for its new Model 3 saloon,
which is expected to be on Britain?s
roads next year, at a cost of �,000 for
a basic model. After venting his anger at
two analysts, Mr Musk turned to a
25-year-old You Tube blogger and
Tesla enthusiast who was allowed to
ask questions for 23 minutes.
Tesla has struggled to ramp up production of the Model 3, its first massmarket car and the key to its future,
because of what Mr Musk described as
?manufacturing hell?. In the past few
months he has become increasingly
frustrated with his detractors, who
point to a series of missed production
targets and finances that are becoming
increasingly squeezed.
Tesla?s shares have fallen by 26.6 per
cent from a high of $385 in September,
when the company was valued higher
than General Motors, America?s largest
carmaker.
Cashflow woes, page 45
38
2G M
Friday May 4 2018 | the times
Business
Need to know
1
About a million fewer people
are moving home every decade
compared with the 1970s as an
ageing population occupies larger
homes for longer and younger
generations struggle to get on to
the property ladder. Page 2
2
Ireland has the backing of
European leaders to collapse
Brexit trade talks next month
if Theresa May fails to force
through a customs pact that
avoids a hard border in Northern
Ireland. Page 8
3
Billions of pounds spent
upgrading motorways and
roads may be a waste of
money because traffic levels are
expected to fall, ministers have
been told. A study said that people
were travelling ?less often and less
far? by car because of the rise of
internet shopping, Netflix and
flexible working. Page 17
4
American prosecutors have
charged Martin Winterkorn,
the former chief executive of
Volkswagen, with conspiring to
mislead customers and regulators
in the United States about the
carmaker?s diesel emissions
cheating. Page 37
5
Customers of TSB are likely to
face months of disruption
before the bank is able to fully
fix its computer problems that
have left many unable to access
their accounts and struggling to
perform basic services such as
paying in cheques, financial
regulators believe. Page 37
6
Ill-tempered comments by
Elon Musk, the boss of Tesla,
triggered a sell-off in the
electric carmaker?s shares, wiping
about $3 billion from its value.
Pages 37, 45
7
Philip Clarke, the former boss
of Tesco, has been accused of
carrying out ?an extraordinary
act of corporate vandalism? during
his troubled period at the helm of
Britain?s largest grocer. In a
stinging attack by Andrew
Higginson, who now chairs WM
Morrison, Mr Clarke is labelled as
an alleged ?bully? who presided
over a ?really shameful period in
the company history?.
8
Politicians on two influential
parliamentary committees
have written to Britain?s
competition regulator to raise
concerns about how suppliers will
be impacted by the proposed
merger between J Sainsbury and
Asda. Page 40
9
Sir Richard Branson, the
founder of Virgin Group, is to
make a new foray into private
equity by going into partnership
with an old friend to invest more
than $2 billion in consumer
businesses over the next decade.
Page 42
10
Glencore, the Swiss-based
mining giant, has unveiled
an upbeat earnings
forecast for its trading unit and
said that the ramp-up of a new
copper and cobalt project in the
Democratic Republic of Congo
was progressing well. In a
production update, Glencore said
that earnings from its trading unit
were likely to be at the upper end
of a range between $2.2 billion
and $3.2 billion for the full year.
Page 44
Poor services
dent hopes of
rate increase
Philip Aldrick Economics Editor
Poor service sector activity in April
looks to have dealt a final blow to hopes
of an interest rate rise next week.
With all three private sector activity
surveys for last month now published,
there is little sign that the economy has
gathered speed after dismal first-quarter growth of 0.1 per cent, raising
concerns about the UK?s prospects and
almost guaranteeing that the Bank of
England will leave rates on hold at
0.5 per cent next Thursday.
The disappointment was confirmed
by April?s purchasing managers? index
for services, which accounts for four
fifths of the economy ? from logistics
to accounting. The reading edged up
from the 20-month low of 51.7 in March
to 52.8 last month, below forecasts for
53.5 and the second-worst figure in
more than 18 months. Anything above
50 indicates expansion.
The all-sector output index of services, manufacturing and construction
failed to recover the ground lost in
March, when it sank from 54.2 in February to 51.9. For April it was 53.2. ?The
economy has slowed since late last
year,? Chris Williamson, chief business
economist at IHS Markit, the survey
compilers, said. ?The rate of economic
growth remained subdued at the start
of the second quarter.?
Mr Williamson added that the composite index reading was ?historically
consistent?
with
second-quarter
growth of only 0.2 per cent if there is no
pick-up in May and June.
The PMIs have been under an unusual level of scrutiny because the Bank
of England is using them to gauge
whether to raise interest rates on
May 10. Just over two weeks ago
markets put the probability of a rate rise
to 0.75 per cent at about 90 per cent.
They now give it a 10 per cent chance.
The reversal has been accompanied
by a collapse in the pound. In mid-April
sterling was at a post-Brexit referendum high of $1.4377. A series of sharp
falls over the past week have left it at
$1.3546, down about 6 per cent. The
pound fell after yesterday?s services
PMI release. The full set of April PMIs
Pound v
dollar
suggest there has been a fundamental
slowdown in the economy and that
poor first-quarter growth, which was
the weakest in five years, was not solely
related to the snowy weather. Economists blame the inflationary squeeze on
household incomes and the effect of
Brexit uncertainty on business investment for the underlying problems.
?The slight pick-up in the services
PMI in April will do little to assuage
fears that the economy has suffered a
loss of underlying momentum and
makes the chances of a rate hike next
week extremely slim,? Paul Hollingsworth, senior UK economist at Capital
Economics, said.
The services survey gave a mixed
view of the future. Business confidence
was the highest since January but the
inflow of new orders was the second
weakest since August 2016. The worst
performances were in consumer-facing
6 Tax cuts in the US and the rise of
protectionist policies around the
world are putting economic growth
in the eurozone under threat, the
European Union has said. The bloc?s
official forecasters predicted that
the economy would expand by
2.3 per cent this year, but that
tensions posed an ?unambiguously
negative risk?. Inflation in the zone
fell to its lowest level in more than a
year, to 1.2 per cent in April. This is
likely to call into question plans for
the European Central Bank to end
its huge bond-buying programme.
parts of the economy, such as hotels
and restaurants. The strongest expansion was in financial services.
Hiring among services companies
was the slowest in more than a year.
Some said they could not replace staff
who left because of a lack of qualified
applicants. Others said higher employment costs meant that they were seeking to squeeze more from existing staff.
James Smith, an economist at ING
Financial Markets, said that the poor
services data ?has to do with weak
consumer demand and we don?t expect
these difficulties to fade rapidly?.
April 17 Pound
reaches post-Brexit
referendum high as
financial markets bet
that rise in interest
rates in May is almost
certain
April
03
Philip Aldrick
Analysis
A
s sterling tumbled to its
lowest level since early
January it was easy to
forget yesterday that just
over two weeks ago it had
hit a post-Brexit referendum high.
After reaching that peak, the
pound has lost more than 8 cents
against the dollar on a crash course
to $1.3550. So what happened to
cause such a reversal?
The pound had been on a steady
rise earlier in the year as traders
bought into the belief that the
feeling of Brexit uncertainty was
04
05 06
09
10
waning and a rise in interest rates
was imminent. Nothing substantial
has changed with Brexit to cause
the pound to tumble; negotiations
remain in limbo. Instead, sterling?s
collapse has been all about the
prospects for interest rates.
In mid-April, markets put the
chance of a rate rise at the Bank of
England?s May 10 meeting at almost
90 per cent. Today, it?s less than
10 per cent. That isn?t just a reversal,
its a handbrake turn.
The moment it began was when
Mark Carney, the Bank?s governor,
told the BBC that the economic data
had been ?mixed? and that ?there
are other [rate-setting] meetings
over the course of this year?. It may
sound innocuous, but central bank
US trade deficit falls as exports hit record high
James Dean US Business Editor
America?s trade deficit with China
narrowed in March, providing a boost
to President Trump?s attempt to
reshape relations with Beijing.
The deficit fell to $25.9 billion from
$29.3 billion, figures from the US
Department of Commerce showed.
The overall deficit fell to a six-month
low of $49 billion from $57.7 billion the
month before, lower than economists?
forecast of $50 billion.
America and China are engaged in a
tit-for-tat dispute over import tariffs,
which has led to volatility in the
markets. Mr Trump wants to drastically
cut the trade deficit, the amount by
which the country?s cost of imports
exceeds the value of its exports. He says
that a lower deficit would protect jobs
and bolster national security.
Exports rose by 2 per cent month on
6 Argentina?s central bank caught
international money markets by
surprise yesterday after raising its
benchmark interest rate by another
300 basis points to 33.25 per cent, its
second increase in less than a week
(Robert Miller writes).
Central bank data show it spent
$4.3 billion to support the peso last
week and a further $505 million
when markets opened on
Wednesday after a two-day holiday.
The currency?s weakening has
shown a lack of investor confidence
in Latin America?s third largest
economy, even under businessfriendly President Macri.
Argentina remains blighted by
one of the world?s highest inflation
rates. Consumer prices rose 2.3 per
cent in March and annual inflation
was 25.4 per cent.
month in March to $208.5 billion, the
highest since records began 26 years
ago. They were boosted by exports of
food and drinks and capital goods. Imports fell by 1.8 per cent to $257.5 billion.
Ian Shepherdson, chief economist at
Pantheon Macroeconomics, said that
the ?trade deficit has much further to
fall?, while Andrew Hunter, at Capital
Economics, said: ?Assuming the Trump
administration backs down from its
protectionist threats, the outlook for
exports is fairly bright.?
America?s trade surplus with the
UK widened to a record $1.6 billion in
March, bringing the surplus figure for
the first quarter to $2.5 billion. Mr
Trump has spoken of cutting the trade
deficit with Mexico but that expanded
to $8.1 billion in March, the largest on
record.
Although the March reading for the
overall trade deficit was positive for
Mr Trump, it has nonetheless widened
in the first quarter of this year, to
$200.6 billion.
Factory orders in the US were
stronger than expected in March, rising
by 1.6 per cent compared with February,
according to a separate report, while
another showed that productivity rose
by 0.7 per cent in the first quarter.
The number of new claims for unemployment benefits rose by 2,000 to
211,000 last week, which was below the
consensus forecast of 225,000.
Productivity rose by 0.7 per cent in
the first quarter, which was less than
the 0.9 per cent expected, another report showed. Labour costs rose by
2.7 per cent, which was better than the
consensus estimate of 3 per cent.
The Institute for Supply Management?s non-manufacturing index fell
to 56.8 in April, below forecasts of 58.4.
Anything above 50 shows growth.
11
the times | Friday May 4 2018
39
2G M
Business
April 27 Official
figures show UK
economy grew by
just 0.1 per cent in
the first quarter of
2018, far slower
than expected
May 1
Manufacturing
PMIs show
growth in the
sector has hit a
17-month low
May 3
Expectations of
an interest rate
rise in May all
but disappear
after services
PMI, which is
closely-watched
by the Bank of
England,
rebounds less
than forecast
$1.44
1.43
1.42
Tom Knowles
Economics Correspondent
1.40
1.39
1.38
1.37
1.36
May
1.35
13
16
17
18
19
20
23
24
governors do not talk so close to a
decision unless they are saying
something. What Mr Carney was
saying, in different words, was that
the market had got overexcited
about a decision in May and should
be following the data, which hadn?t
been awfully good.
Markets knew the data was bad
but they put it down to the adverse
weather. What they were following
was the Bank?s statement in
February that rates would need to
rise ?earlier? and by a ?somewhat
greater extent? than thought, which
traders took to mean May.
March?s split decision on rates
reinforced the opinion. The
governor was reminding them that it
didn?t have to be May. The irony is
25
26
27
30
01
02
03
that traders are still not following
the data. They are following Mr
Carney?s nods and winks more than
ever.
If they were to follow the data, the
probability of a rate rise would be
much higher than 10 per cent,
regardless of the disappointing PMI
data this week and the slow 0.1 per
cent growth reported for the first
quarter of the year. This is because
unemployment is below the
equilibrium rate at 4.2 per cent
and inflation is above the 2 per
cent target ? and still will be in
two years? time on the Bank?s
central forecast, unless it has
downgraded growth sharply since
February.
May was on the table for a reason.
The Bank of England will raise interest
rates for the second time in only a
decade in August and will continue to
increase them every six months for the
next two years, according to a leading
economic institute.
In what is likely to be a blow for
spenders but a relief for savers, the
Bank?s base rate is likely to be 2 per cent
by the end of 2020, up from 0.5 per cent
now, the National Institute of Economic and Social Research said.
The institute, which was founded 80
years ago to research the economic and
social forces that affect people?s lives,
drew back from its estimate for the next
rise to occur this month. This followed
doveish comments from Mark Carney,
governor of the Bank of England, a
drop in the rate of inflation and a weak
initial estimate of economic growth in
the first three months of this year.
However, the institute added that a
steady rise in rates as Britain leaves the
European Union is warranted as it presumes the UK will agree a ?soft? Brexit
deal with Brussels which allows it to
maintain a high level of market access
to both goods and services to the EU.
It said that the recent downturn in
UK economic growth is temporary and
largely the result of the bad weather in
February and March. It also believes
that the government has ?gone too far?
in its austerity measures and will
?struggle to maintain its fiscal straightjacket?. More fiscal stimulus could drive
up inflation, which would be likely to
lead the Bank to raise rates to keep inflation close to its target of 2 per cent.
It added that there had been ?some
welcome and tentative signs of a recovery? in productivity in the second half
of last year, which showed it rising at
the fastest pace in more than a decade,
which could help drive up wage growth.
?We have treated this recovery with
caution and assumed the productivity
growth remains at a subdued level of
less than 1.5 per cent each year over the
medium term, but the risk to that view
is tilted to the upside,? it said.
Despite the relative confidence in the
UK economy, the institute has downgraded GDP growth for this year to
1.4 per cent from a previous estimate of
1.9 per cent because of the weak performance in the first quarter.
Former Tesco chief was bully and
a corporate vandal, says colleague
Deirdre Hipwell Retail Editor
Philip Clarke, the former boss of Tesco,
has been accused of carrying out ?an
extraordinary act of corporate vandalism? during his troubled period at the
helm of Britain?s largest grocer.
In a stinging attack by Andrew Higginson, an ex-Tesco executive who is
chairman of WM Morrison, one of the
?Big Four? grocers, Mr Clarke is
labelled as an alleged ?bully? who presided over a ?really shameful period in
the company history?.
Mr Higginson said: ?Phil?s problems
were always ? how can I put it? ?
personal character flaws really . . . Phil
was a bully ? I don?t think there?s any
secret in that. I think he was very much
When civil servants
go off the rails
business commentary Alistair Osborne
1.41
April 19 Mark
Carney, governor
of the Bank of
England, plays
down prospect of
imminent rise in
interest rates,
sending the
pound tumbling
12
?Rises every
six months
for the next
two years?
the stick, rather than the carrot and
stick. What happened was an extraordinary act of corporate vandalism. I?m
not just talking about the board, there
were layers of people underneath who
didn?t want to be managed by a bully
and were talented enough to go off and
get jobs somewhere else and they did.?
Mr Higginson was speaking to Retail
Week alongside Sir Terry Leahy, the
chief executive who oversaw a period of
rampant growth before handing over to
Mr Clarke. Although Mr Clarke had
worked at Tesco for most of his life
when he took over in 2011 he only lasted
for three years in the top job before
quitting under mounting pressure for
failing to turn around poor sales.
He was replaced by Dave Lewis, a
former Unilever executive, who three
weeks into the role discovered a ?black
hole? in Tesco?s accounts triggering a
fraud investigation and one of the biggest corporate losses in British history.
Mr Higginson said what had happened was unforgivable. ?I remember
people saying to me after I?d gone, when
things were going a bit wrong: ?It is hard
for him, because he?s got all these problems that he?s facing?. I said: ?He might
have, but he?s the chief exec of Tesco. It?s
a great job to have?.? The veteran retailer
said the loss of experienced executives
under Mr Clarke had left the inexperience of the board exposed.
Mr Clarke did not respond to requests for comment from The Times.
Tempus, page 46
H
ere?s a puzzler: what?s
the link between the
Department for
Transport?s 2012 west
coast mainline bid
fiasco and the Home Office?s
Windrush scandal? Clue: it?s not
Amber Rudd.
Anyway, while you guess away,
here?s a recap for non-trainspotters.
When the DfT awarded First Group
the London to Scotland line after a
ludicrous �.3 billion bid, all hell
broke loose. The derailed
incumbent, Sir Richard Branson?s
Virgin Trains, took legal action,
claiming the bid process was flawed
and biased. He also alleged that
Justine Greening, then transport
secretary, had acted ?irrationally? in
naming First Group the winner after
an ?unrealistically high? bid.
First Group always disputed that.
But Ms Greening asked the civil
servants to double-check their work.
They responded that they?d found
one small error that would not have
affected the outcome ? something
that so alarmed Ms Greening that
she instigated a full-scale review.
The next day she was reshuffled to
international development.
So, it fell to her successor, Patrick
McLoughlin, to unveil the review
findings. The main one? That DfT
officials had made ?deeply
regrettable and completely
unacceptable mistakes? in the way
they ?managed the process?. The bid
competition was called off.
Cue chaos. Three DfT civil
servants were suspended. All other
rail franchises bids were shelved,
putting the network in limbo. And
the farrago was criticised in endless
reports: from the National Audit
Office, the public accounts
committee, MPs on the transport
committee, the DfT?s senior nonexec, ex-Centrica boss Sam Laidlaw,
and from the civil service itself.
In January 2013, the DfT?s then
permanent secretary, Philip
Rutnam,was hauled before the
transport committee and asked:
?Who do you think is responsible
for creating a culture . . . within an
organisation and what are you
doing to address that to make sure it
does not happen again??
Mr Rutnam, who?d taken the job
six months before the fateful First
Group bid decision, replied: ?Even
stronger and more important than
the role of ministers is the role of
senior officials, starting with me.?
Indeed, The Guardian reported that
he wrote a note of apology to
Ms Greening saying the debacle was
?clearly the responsibility of officials
and not ministers?.
And what, you ask, happened to
him? Well, today the now Sir Philip
Rutnam is permanent secretary at
the Home Office, taking up the post
in April last year after five years at
transport. And, of course, there are
no immediate parallels with
Ms Rudd?s blunders over targets for
deporting illegal immigrants. Except
for one thing: the question of
whether the fault was hers or that of
Home Office officials, who may
have let her down or deliberately
finished her off. It?s triggered a
vicious blame game.
George Osborne, now Evening
Standard editor, tweeted this week
that the paper had ?seen the
completely misleading emails
Amber Rudd was getting from her
civil servants on targets? ? all
?pretty extraordinary? in his view.
And, maybe, it?s just a coincidence
that this sort of caper happens on
Sir Philip?s watch ? neither he nor
the Home Office have made any
comment. But you can think of one
person who might like to find out:
new home secretary, Sajid Javid.
Don?t panic
L
ast time Mark Carney took
fright at the monthly PMI
data, he halved interest rates.
So, maybe it?s a sign of an improved
economy that the Bank of England
governor (and his monetary policy
committee chums) are now merely
1-9 favourites to leave them
unchanged at next week?s meeting.
True, it was only three weeks ago
that they were racing certainties to
lift them a quarter of a point to
0.75 per cent. But, that?s thrill-aminute economics for you.
There may be a lesson, too, in the
committee?s knee-jerk response to
the post-Brexit vote PMIs. They
bounced back smartish, making the
rates cut (and QE splurge) look
absurdly hasty. They could bounce
again. Yes, April?s services PMI
reading of 52.8 makes it the secondworst month since September 2016.
But it?s still growth. Ditto readings
for manufacturing and construction.
Real wages are also finally rising.
So, even if the MPC ducks a rise
next week, it?s hard to spot anything
? yet ? so nasty to shift it from its
course of ?limited and gradual?
tightening. The National Institute of
Economic and Social Research,
which reckons the ?slowdown is
likely to be temporary? forecasts an
August rise, followed by a quarter
point ?every six months? until rates
reach 2 per cent. Nothing too scary.
Tesla?s chill
L
et?s face it, $3 billion?s almost
worth it for some analysts. And
what company boss wouldn?t
want to dismiss the more pesky of
the breed with: ?Boring bonehead
questions are not cool. Next.?? But
Elon Musk, or rather Tesla
shareholders, have paid a hefty price
for the founder?s conference call
irritation ? the shares off another
5.6 per cent yesterday to $284.45, on
top of Wednesday?s slip.
True, Mr Musk didn?t do a Jeff
Skilling. He responded to a shortseller?s observation that he ran ?the
only financial institution that can?t
produce a balance sheet or a cash
flow statement with their earnings?,
with the line: ?Well, thank you very
much. We appreciate that. Asshole.?
And we all know what happened to
the boss of the bust Enron: he ended
up in jail.
Still, Mr Musk does seem a bit
rattled over the production setbacks
for the Model 3 mass-market car
and all those questions over Tesla?s
cash burn ? $700 million last
quarter, leaving it with $2.7 billion
cash. Doesn?t look enough for all the
cars he plans to build.
alistair.osborne@thetimes.co.uk
40
1G M
Friday May 4 2018 | the times
Business
BRETT D. COVE/SPLASH
MPs warn of
squeeze on
suppliers from
grocers? tie-up
Deirdre Hipwell Retail Editor
Politicians on two influential parliamentary committees have written to
Britain?s competition regulator to raise
concerns about how suppliers will be
impacted by the proposed merger
between J Sainsbury and Asda.
Rachel Reeves, chairwoman of the
committee for business, energy and industrial strategy, and Neil Parish, chairman of the environment, food and rural
affairs committee, told the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA)
that close attention must be paid to the
level of market dominance that could
result from the merger of Britain?s
second and third largest grocers.
If the deal went ahead it would create
an enlarged group with sales of � billion, 330,000 staff and more than 2,800
UK stores. Walmart, the American
parent of Asda, will receive a cash payment from Sainsbury?s of nearly �billion and will hold a 42 per cent stake in
the combined group, albeit with 29.9 per
cent of the voting rights. The deal values
Asda at �3 billion on a debt-free, cashfree and pension-free basis.
However, the proposed merger has
raised concerns among politicians, suppliers and unions worried that a combined Sainsbury?s and Asda would, with
Tesco, control nearly 60 per cent of the
food and grocery market in Britain.
Ms Reeves said: ?This merger threatens customer choice, hands yet more
power to mighty supermarket players
and heaps more pressure on small and
medium suppliers. The CMA must look
closely at the impact of this merger on
the supply chain as well as the effect on
competition in the sector?.
Mr Parish said there were legitimate
concerns that if Sainsbury?s/Asda and
Tesco controlled two-thirds of the
market, it could be hard for suppliers to
increase prices without running the
risk of losing business.
?Grocery retailers don?t have a
gleaming record of treating suppliers
well and the Grocery Code Adjudicator?s 2017 survey found that Asda was
the worst grocery retailer in the eyes of
its suppliers,? he said. ?The cost savings
being promised through this merger
must not come through squeezing
those further down the supply chain.?
The two politicians questioned George Eustice, the farming minister, and
Christine Tacon, the grocery code adjudicator, who regulates the relationships
between grocers and suppliers, in parliament on Wednesday. Ms Tacon said
that the adjudicator?s role was to ensure
both retailers and grocers kept to the
terms of their contracts, but did not extend to monitoring pricing agreements.
Mr Eustice said the CMA would have to
?methodically? examine the full impact
of the merger on shoppers.
Asda and Sainsbury?s have said fears
that their merger would be bad for consumers and the market were misplaced.
Mike Coupe, chief executive of Sainsbury?s, said the tie-up would help shoppers by improving choice and price. He
said: ?Eighty-five per cent of the food
and grocery sales of both organisations
comes from 100 suppliers and all of
them are large multinational suppliers
who have huge pricing power and will
be larger, in some cases, than the combined entity [of Sainsbury?s and Asda].
All we ask is that the top 100 suppliers
give us the same price in each business.
?We want to transfer money from
large suppliers, who make healthy
profit margins, and give it to customers
in the form of lower prices ? and in the
process we will also give some back to
our shareholders. In the court of public
opinion, I don?t think that would be an
unreasonable stance to take.?
House of
Fraser seeks
support over
pensions
Deirdre Hipwell
The singer Rochelle Humes opened a New Look store, but there is little cheer
Retailers ?struggling to survive?
Gurpreet Narwan
The number of retailers in significant
financial distress has increased by a
fifth over the past year, with almost
50,000 companies struggling to stay
afloat, according to Begbies Traynor,
the insolvency consultancy.
As online competition, low consumer confidence and rising costs continue
to put pressure on the high street, the
restructuring specialist warned that
many businesses were being pushed ?to
the point of no return.?
An analysis found that 42,958 retail-
ers ended the first quarter of the year in
significant financial distress, up 21 per
cent on the year before. General retailers were the worst hit, with 30,668 ending the first three months in difficulty,
up 25 per cent over the year.
Toys R Us and Maplin, the electronics group, have already collapsed and
others including New Look have undergone company voluntary arrangements, a form of insolvency process.
Begbies said high street brands that
had failed to invest in modernising or
improving their delivery options were
likely to lag further behind.
House of Fraser has begun talks with
the Pension Protection Fund (PPF) to
bolster support from key parties before
its proposed disposal of stores and
restructuring of the company.
The struggling department store
retailer runs two defined pension
schemes that are well-funded with a
surplus of about � million. However,
once House of Fraser officially launches its proposed plan to carry out a company voluntary arrangement (CVA) ?
an insolvency procedure that allows
companies to close stores and secure
rent cuts while avoiding administration
? the PPF, the UK pensions lifeboat,
will automatically become involved in
the process as a creditor.
Market sources said that the PPF?s
support, alongside the backing of landlords, could be essential if House of
Fraser is to succeed in its restructuring
plan. Any discussions are at a very early
stage, but the PPF could ask for fresh
funds to be injected into the pension
scheme as part of any restructuring. It
recently forced Toys R Us to inject
more cash into the pension scheme
before the toy retailer collapsed into
administration.
House of Fraser, which was founded
in 1849, has annual sales of �3 billion
and employs 6,000 staff, although its
third-party concessions have a further
11,500 staff. It was acquired four years
ago by Yuan Yafei, a Chinese billionaire
who heads Sanpower Group, the owner
of Nanjing Cenbest. Its performance
has been troubled of late as it has struggled to keep up with competition and
rising costs.
On Wednesday the department store
group announced that Nanjing Cenbest, which holds 89 per cent of the
company, had signed a conditional deal
to sell a 51 per cent stake to C.Banner
International Holdings, the Chinese
retailer that owns Hamleys, the world
famous toy store.
However, the sale, under which
C.Banner will provide up to � million
of new investment, is conditional on a
restructuring of House of Fraser?s portfolio of 59 stores via a CVA.
Amazon HQ rejection acts as wake-up call
Gurpreet Narwan
When Amazon invited cities across
America to enter a competition to host
its second headquarters with the promise of a $5 billion investment and
50,000 new jobs, it was too good an
opportunity for them to pass up.
As many as 238 cities threw their hats
into the ring, which meant a lot of broken hearts when the ecommerce giant,
whose first headquarters are in Seattle,
Washington, rejected the majority to
select its 20 finalists in January.
Not content with sending out rejection notes, Amazon phoned city officers explaining why they had not made
the cut as it sought to console those
who had been rebuffed while emphasising the point: ?It?s you, it?s not me.?
Many of the cities have begun to
make changes in response to those criticisms, which ranged from the quality
of transport infrastructure to the local
pool of technology talent.
Johnna Reeder, chief executive of the
regional economic development initiative in Cincinnati, Ohio, said the post-
mortem had encouraged officials to put
their current plans ?on steroids?. The
city told The Wall Street Journal that it
was restructuring its workforce development programme to focus on tech
talent after Amazon said they did not
have enough home-grown expertise.
The Cincinnati Regional Chamber is
focusing on an apprentice programme
and has created opportunities for interns at information technology firms.
In Orlando, Florida, officials have set
The ecommerce
giant is searching
for a second site
to supplement its
existing Seattle base
up a community fund to invest in local
tech companies and business leaders in
Detroit, Michigan, are working on a
regional transport initiative that would
connect the outer counties to the city.
Gerry Anderson, chief executive of
DTE Energy, a local utility company,
said: ?Amazon was a wake-up call.
Here?s an outsider that would have
been a very attractive investor, who
looked at our transit system and did not
like what they saw.?
Financial incentives such as large tax
breaks are often offered to woo companies to an area. However, in most cases
it is a fairly low-key affair. Joseph Parilla, of the Brookings Institution, said
Amazon?s highly visible move was forcing cities to explain themselves: ?It is a
kind of look-in-the-mirror moment.?
Not everyone was so enthusiastic
about the approach, however. ?I don?t
think communities should be rushing
to please Amazon,? Richard Florida, a
professor at the University of Toronto,
said. ?They should look to build their
regional economies and not let any
large company tell them what to do.?
the times | Friday May 4 2018
41
1G M
Comment Business
Rhymer Rigby
Raphael Hogarth
Brussels must realise
that cutting off the
City would cost it dear
CEOs are the new rock stars and
we want to know how they live
??
I have a new bad
habit. I have become
addicted to the
CEO-lifestyle
section. On sites
such as Inc and Business Insider and
via Twitter and Facebook, rather than
read about how business titans run
their companies I read about what
they eat for breakfast and how they
choose their furniture.
Right now I am on ?5 Things Jeff
Bezos Does Other Than Work?. One
of them strikes me as actual work, so
we?ll discount that but I am delighted
to hear that Jeff sleeps a lot. He puts
in a solid eight hours a night and,
while I often managed 12 as a student,
for a chief executive this is not too
shabby.
I also learn that Jeff is a family guy
and in the morning . . . wait, this is
gold . . . Jeff once ate an octopus with
garlic yoghurt for breakfast. Further
investigation reveals that, on seeing it
on the menu, he reportedly said:
?You?re the thing I don?t understand,
the thing I?ve never had. I must have
the breakfast octopus.? Deep and
decisive. Very Jeff. Incidentally, for
those who want to live la vida Bezos,
the octopus remains on the menu at
Lola?s in Seattle: a snip at $19.50.
We could talk about Jeff?s
octobreakfast all day but other chief
executives have breakfasts too. Elon
Musk often has just a cup of coffee.
Fair dos, there are unlikely to be
octopuses on Mars. Moving on, and
we have Mark Zuckerberg?s fashion
tips. Mark wears the same kind of Tshirt every day so as to minimise the
number of decisions he has to make. I
wish I had known this when I signed
up for Facebook. I would so not trust
a one-T-shirt guy with my personal
data. Total red flag.
Also, Zuck once admitted on his
private Facebook page: ?I just killed a
pig and a goat.? Apparently this was
part of his 2011 ?yearly personal
challenge?, which involved
dispatching the animals he ate
himself. #fine #whatever
#bitweird. Personally I am
more comfortable with
Richard Branson. He likes
to sleep with his curtains
open so the rising sun
wakes him up. Isn?t that
nice?
It is easy to get sucked into this
stuff, believe me. But here?s the thing:
these are not incidental details that
are put into serious features to add
colour. This content is about nothing
else. Google ?routine of [your
favourite chief executive]? (and don?t
pretend you don?t have one). You will
discover dozens of articles on the
minutiae of their daily life. I could
spend all day, every day, reading
about what billionaires do all day,
every day. So what is going on?
Here?s a thought: chief executives
are celebrities (or perhaps
CEOlebrities) for late-stage
capitalism so everything they do must
be of interest. Where once we were
screaming teenage fans for Prince
and Elton, we are now screaming
grown-up fans for Zuck and Elon.
And it is not pop music we are
cheering: it is careers,
self-improvement and success.
For a while I considered going all in
and creating a kind of optimum
successful person routine. I would rise
at 4am and run ten miles to a
three-hour yoga class. I would
breakfast on an octopus I had killed
myself, washed down with bulletproof
coffee. I would read two books, take a
five-minute lunch and play an hour?s
tennis before looking in a mirror and
asking: ?How will I add value today??
Then I would do a couple of lines of
coke, because (and I promise I am not
making this up) I have just found an
article entitled ?10 Innovators Who
Did More Drugs Than You?.
But I think I have just found the
biggest flaw. For every successful
person who does X, there is another
one who does not. Jeff
sleeps a lot.
Michelle Meyer
does not.
Sergey Brin
drinks green
tea. Warren
Buffett drinks
five cans of Coke
a day. Perhaps the
trick, then,
Warren Buffett does
not enjoy weird food as
much as Jeff Bezos does
is to pick one chief executive you
really love and stay loyal to them. The
?true fan? model of CEObsession.
There is also an element of
Kremlinology at work here. We are so
convinced that we can decode the
success formula that every little thing
that superstar chief executives do
must be a clue. But what if doing an
hour?s meditation means nothing
except that the person does
meditation? I am pretty sure that this
is the conclusion many of the Russia
experts of the 1980s came to as they
watched the Soviet top brass at the
Bolshoi Ballet for the 400th time to
see who sat where.
I could go on in this vein. I could
say that correlation does not imply
causation. I could add that (in the
name of research) I have tried many
of the things that successful people
do. The results are nothing if not
consistent. Me plus breakfast octopus
does not equal Jeff Bezos. It equals
me with garlic octopus breath. I could
turn this on its head: Bezos would still
be successful if he did not eat octopus.
It is just a thing he does. A small
thing. He enjoys weird food, just like
Warren Buffett does not.
But not every lifestyle detail is
minor, right? I once interviewed a
fund manager who did three hours of
quantum mechanics every morning.
Unlike owning one T-shirt this was
both impressive and interesting. But
there is no careerist takeaway here
either, except that I am not a maths
genius.
Anyway, hats off to Twitter?s Jack
Dorsey. Jack often gets a bad rap but I
cannot fault one of his responses in
an online Q&A. When asked how he
relaxed outside work he replied:
?Meditation, exercise, dinner with
friends. Nothing too out of the
ordinary.?
Of course someone, somewhere
will turn this into ?Jack?s answers are
really ordinary and here?s why this is
extraordinary? and then someone
else will say, ?Ordinary Is the New
Octopus ? According to @Jack?. Not
that I am
complaining. This is
the stuff we
CEO-lifestyle
junkies live for.
??
Rhymer Rigby is a journalist and
author. Follow him on Twitter
@rhymerrigby
6 Sathnam Sanghera is away
Philip Aldrick. Always attracts
a lot of interest.
A former business journalist of the year, our economics editor, Philip Aldrick, has reported on
Brexit, the impact of rising costs and cyber-attacks on the economy. He is the right man to hold
the Bank of England and Treasury to account.
Don?t miss Philip Aldrick in The Times tomorrow
D
oes Europe need the
City? Michel Barnier, the
EU?s chief Brexit
negotiator, is determined
to convince us that the
answer is ?no?. In a speech last week
he said that the idea that the EU
desperately needed London?s
financial services providers was
alien to the European Commission,
the European Central Bank and
European companies.
This is par for the course from the
commission, which has always said
that when it comes to financial
services the UK?s policy of leaving
the single market makes a hard
Brexit inevitable. It means, after all,
that UK financial institutions will no
longer hold the ?passport?, which
gives them permission to trade with
any EU member state so long as
they have permission to do business
within the UK.
Yet there are worries in European
capitals about a Brexit that cuts the
City off. The first is a rise in the cost
?Faith in London?s
financial system has
been built up over
hundreds of years?
of capital for households and
businesses, as a result partly of the
loss of access to a cornucopia of
sophisticated financial products in
London and partly of the market
fragmentation that would follow.
A second worry concerns
financial stability. If the market does
fragment and Brexit pushes Europe
into little pools of liquidity, which
struggle to interact because of
national rules, then when something
goes wrong in one pool it will be
more difficult to move money into
another to lay off the risk.
Mr Barnier said last week that
both of these risks could be offset if
the EU built up its own financial
infrastructure. Before the
referendum Brussels started work
on a capital markets union that
could get capital flowing more easily
between member states. Brexit, Mr
Barnier noted, made this project
even more urgent.
Few believe that this will be easy
and fewer believe it will be quick.
Among officials in central banks
and treasuries outside Europe there
is scepticism about the prospect of a
working capital markets union by
2020. ?The City and Wall Street
weren?t built in a day,? said one.
?The faith in the financial system in
London has been built up since the
1600s. It?s not something you can
just wish into existence.?
These doubts might help to
explain the slightly warmer words
from some pockets of Europe on the
potential for an innovative finance
agreement with Britain. The EU has
a clunky system for granting market
access to third countries, allowing
firms to trade specific products into
Europe if the relevant national
regulations are deemed ?equivalent?
in outcome to those of the EU. But
this regime is piecemeal. EU rules
on some services, such as securities
trading and the management of
some investment funds, provide for
equivalence. EU rules on other
services, such as lending and
depositing, do not.
There are murmurs that this could
change and in a recent speech
Andreas Dombret, a member of the
executive board of the Bundesbank,
hinted in this regard. Member
states, he said, have told the
commission to investigate ?whether
it would be prudent to enhance? the
EU?s approach to equivalence. He
ruminated too on whether the
system could be expanded
?systematically? and an ?ambitious?
approach could go beyond the lawby-law status quo. The Brussels view
is that any revision of the EU?s
equivalence regime is a matter for
the EU27, not for the Brexit
negotiation, but Dr Dombret even
suggested in a footnote that an
expanded system could form part of
the UK-EU agreement. A handful of
liberally minded member states are
entertaining similar thoughts.
Optimists should not get too
excited: Paris is more interested in
hoovering up London?s trade with
the EU than in maintaining it while
Brussels says that designing
anything new would be a technical
nightmare and, in any case, even an
?equivalence plus? regime would
mean less stable market access than
the passport. But when it comes to
finance many in the EU are no
longer simply saying ?no?. They are
starting to ask: ?What if ??
Raphael Hogarth is a leader writer at
The Times
42
1G M
Friday May 4 2018 | the times
Business
Branson teams up
with old friend in
private equity move
Tabby Kinder
Sir Richard Branson is to make a new
foray into private equity by going into
partnership with an old friend to invest
more than $2 billion in consumer businesses over the next decade.
Sir Richard, the founder of Virgin
Group, will become a partner in a new
fund co-managed by Metric Capital
Partners that aims to raise $500 million
from pension plans and sovereign
wealth funds this summer. His involvement shines a light on buyout funds,
which raised record sums of capital last
year and have an estimated $1 trillion of
cash to put into new ventures.
It is understood that Sir Richard, 67,
and Metric, a firm based in London, will
raise two further funds in a business relationship expected to last ten years.
The funds will invest in businesses in
the luxury goods, leisure, food and
drink, media and hotel industries. They
will use Sir Richard?s connections to
help portfolio companies develop
revenue and aim to deliver 20 per cent
returns to investors.
Sir Richard started his first business,
a mail-order record company, aged 16,
before launching a chain of record
shops. He has turned Virgin Group into
a business empire with stakes in more
than 100 companies, including in the
banking, aerospace, health, travel and
music industries. His personal fortune
is estimated at $5 billion.
John Sinik, founder of Metric Capital,
met the Virgin boss while working in
the finance departments at UBS and
Deutsche Bank, and they have been
friends for 20 years. Virgin Group has
issued billions of dollars of bonds
through both banks. Sir Richard is understood to have been attracted to Metric partly because its founder is also a
self-made entrepreneur.
Mr Sinik founded the private equity
$2bn
Amount that the fund aims to invest in
consumer businesses in next decade
firm in 2011 and it controls $2 billion of
investor assets and has generated a realised annual return rate of 30 per cent
for investors since its launch.
Sir Richard will receive a share of the
profits made on the fund?s investments
through a remuneration structure
called carried interest, or share of
profit. In addition, 10 per cent of the
carried interest will be donated to
women?s and children?s charities.
His new role comes as buyout funds
continue to raise record amounts,
bringing in $484 billion of investor cash
globally in 2017, according to Preqin, a
data provider.That was the best year for
buyout funds since 2007 when firms
raised $414 billion, the previous record.
Some of the largest private equity
funds on record were also created last
year, with Apollo Global Management,
an American firm, raising a $25 billion
fund and CVC Capital Partners, a
European buyout firm, raising one of a
?16 billion.
The industry is sitting on an estimated $1 trillion of money that has been
raised but not yet invested, according to
Preqin, a data researcher. The sums
have raised concerns that the high returns yielded by private equity investments could fall as funds compete to
buy scarce and more expensive assets.
Sir Richard has invested hundreds of
millions of dollars in start-up businesses. Virgin Media launched Voom Pitch
2018 to find the next unicorn businesses ? those valued at more than $1 billion ? in the UK and Ireland. Entrants
pitch their start-ups to Sir Richard for
the chance to win �million of funding.
CITY
PEOPLE
The feuds, the faces and the farcical
Mood food
With delicate cakes, doorstop sandwiches and a guide to all
things fish, The Dish is full of joyful food.
Pick up The Sunday Times this weekend.
Dominic Walsh @walshdominic
Business big shot
name jozsef
varadi
age 52
position
chief
executive,
wizz air
T
he boss of Wizz Air, the lowcost eastern European
airline, once won the ?brave
innovator? award from the
Hungarian division of EY, the
accountancy group.
But Jozsef Varadi, who cofounded the carrier in 2003, was
taking a safety-first approach to
Brexit yesterday. Wizz Air
obtained licences for its UK
subsidiary from the Civil Aviation
Authority, partly to ensure it can
continue operating in the country
after Britain leaves the European
m&s hopes where there?s
a wills there?s a way
Shaun Wills, former chief financial
officer of Superdry, who was forced
to leave the fashion retailer in
February 2015 when he was
declared bankrupt after a dispute
with Revenue & Customs, has been
appointed as interim finance
director for Marks & Spencer?s
struggling clothing and home
business, according to his Linkedin
profile. Mr Wills had his
bankruptcy annulled in April 2015
and quickly returned to the retail
industry as finance boss of Jacques
Vert, the womenswear group.
M&S will be hoping he can
turn around its long-misfiring
division as quickly as he
resuscitated his career.
qatar?s cardiff coup
Cardiff is to get its first
five-star hotel in the
city centre. Qatar
Airways, which has
just started flying
into Cardiff
airport, says that
the gas-rich
state?s next
investment into
the principality
will be a top-ofthe-range hotel in
Union. Mr V醨adi said it was part
of a Brexit ?contingency plan?.
Wizz Air, a constituent of the
FTSE 250 mid-cap index,
expanded by opening up routes
for east European migrant
workers to Britain and helped
build trade links. Its headquarters
are at Luton airport and it
operates more than 600 routes,
flying 29.6 million passengers in
its past financial year with a fleet
of Airbus A320 and A321 aircraft.
With Mr Varadi in the cockpit,
Wizz Air has been expanding its
network and flew almost
2.8 million passengers in April, up
19.2 per cent on a year earlier. It
is the eighth-largest airline in
Britain. Mr Varadi, who has a
master?s degree in law from the
University of London, is an
industry veteran. He was boss of
the state carrier Malev
Hungarian Airlines until 2003.
the Welsh capital to house the sort
of cash-rich passengers who use its
airline. Akbar Al Baker, the
carrier?s chief executive, hastened
to add that this should not be
regarded as a commentary on the
hotel he had been staying in during
a brief visit to Cardiff, adding: ?It is
very nice.?
was it written in the stars?
An interesting bit of gossip in the
gambling industry. The whisper is
that, before it acquired Sky Betting
& Gaming, The Stars Group had
also been running the numbers on
a possible move on Paddy
Power Betfair. At the time,
Sky Bet was well down the
track towards an initial
public offering at a price
pegged on the multiple
Paddy Power was trading at.
However, when the
FTSE 100 Irish bookie?s
shares slumped by
20 per cent, suddenly
an IPO was no longer
as attractive as a sale
and a $4.7 billion deal
with the Canadian
owner of Poker
Stars was quickly
agreed. It could all
have been so
different.
the times | Friday May 4 2018
43
2G M
Business
Smith & Nephew cuts growth outlook
Alex Ralph, Miles Costello
Smith & Nephew, the medical equipment maker under pressure from an
activist investor to break up the group,
has cut its financial forecasts days
before a new chief executive takes over.
The FTSE 100 company said that
weak first-quarter trading meant that
underlying revenue growth this year
was expected to be between 2 per cent
and 3 per cent, and trading profit margin ?at or above that achieved in 2017?.
Elliott Advisors, the activist investor
that is understood to have built a stake
of about 2 per cent in the company, is
thought to have been pushing for it to
offload parts of the group.
Smith & Nephew traces its roots back
162 years to when Thomas Smith
opened a pharmacy in Hull. The company, which has 15,000 employees and
annual sales of $4.8 billion, specialises
in orthopaedic reconstruction, wound
care products and sports medicine.
The forecast downgrades yesterday
prompted a sell-off in Smith & Nephew
shares, which closed 7 per cent lower at
�.02絧, making it the biggest faller on
the FTSE 100.
At its full-year results in February,
the company said that it expected revenue growth of 3 per cent to 4 per cent
and profit margin improvement of
30-70 basis points ?driven by our strong
product portfolio and pipeline of innovative products?.
The downbeat trading statement
marks a disappointing end to the
tenure of Olivier Bohuon, who is being
replaced as chief executive after the
bank holiday weekend by Namal Nawana, a former head of Alere, the medical
7%
Slump in the share price, to �.02絧,
making it the biggest FTSE 100 faller
Source: London Stock Exchange
diagnostics company where he was
credited with leading a turnaround.
Revenue in the first quarter was up
5 per cent on a reported basis to almost
$1.2 billion but that was entirely down
to a foreign exchange tailwind and was
flat on an underlying basis. The figure
was about 2 per cent weaker than forecasts and was weakened by pricing
pressure on Santyl, an ointment for
wounds, and some destocking.
Underlying sales in its established
markets, including the United States
and Europe, fell by 2 per cent. In emerging markets there was growth of 9 per
cent, but these accounted for only 17 per
cent of group revenue.
Mr Bohuon called the first quarter ?a
mixed performance . . . with the effects
of some softer markets and a slowdown
in our bioactives [wound care] business
offset by another quarter of strong
growth in the emerging markets?.
He added: ?We expect trading condi-
tions to return to more normal levels,
which, combined with the continued
roll-out of new products and our sustained emerging markets performance,
gives us confidence in delivering an
improving performance trend during
the remainder of the year.?
The company announced in October
that Mr Bohuon was leaving after seven
years in charge. Analysts at JP Morgan
Cazenove said at the time that they did
not ?read anything into near-term performance from this announcement?.
A month later, though, Smith &
Nephew issued a weak trading update
and cut 2017 guidance, which it blamed
on hurricanes delaying procedures in
the US, Puerto Rico and Mexico.
Elliott declined to comment.
LAINE PUB COMPANY
Punch owner
trumpets new
pub takeover
Dominic Walsh
Laine, which opened its first pub in Brighton in 1996, now operates 54 pubs in London and the resort. Some of Punch Taverns? pubs may be transferred to Laine
The private equity-backed company
that acquired Punch Taverns last year
has swallowed a small pub operator in a
deal worth an estimated � million.
Vine Acquisitions, which is owned by
Patron Capital and May Capital, announced the acquisition of the Laine
Pub Company from Luke Johnson?s
Risk Capital Partners and Graphite
Enterprise Trust, each of which held
about 35 per cent.
Laine, which opened its first pub,
called the Mash Tun, in Brighton in
1996, now operates 54 pubs in London
and Brighton. It makes its own craft
beers at three ?brewpubs? and runs four
other sites through its Mash Inns joint
venture with Ei Group.
Vine acquired Punch Taverns, a tenanted pub company, last August in partnership with Heineken for �8 billion.
The Dutch brewer paid �1 billion to
take 1,900 of the pubs, with Vine ending
up with about 1,300.
Last month Punch Taverns announced the appointment of Clive
Chesser, from Greene King, as its chief
executive. Laine will continue to be run
by Gavin George, its co-founder. It is
understood that Vine may consider
transferring some of its Punch pubs
into Laine for conversion from tenancies to managed pubs.
Cost of Rolls engine saga hits �n Virgin Media and Calvetron
Robert Lea Industrial Editor
The total bill for hundreds of malfunctioning Boeing 787 Dreamliner engines
will top �billion for Rolls-Royce as the
aero-engineer promised to accelerate
its testing regime to get the afflicted
planes back in the air.
Faults in the Trent 1000 engine, right,
which was specially designed and built
by Rolls for the Dreamliner, have
grounded aircraft operated by British
Airways, Virgin Atlantic and Norwegian, among others. The rising costs of
the crisis have led to a clampdown on
executive expenses at the FTSE 100
group with a ban on all non-essential
travel, the shelving of some IT projects
and a delay in other unspecified capital
expenditure.
Rolls-Royce is one of the world?s
leading aerospace companies, with
� billion of annual revenues, employing 50,000 people around the world,
nearly half of them in the UK, and
specialising in making engines for longhaul aircraft such as the Dreamliner, its
Airbus equivalent the A350 and for the
A380 superjumbo.
After years of crises at the company,
multiple profit warnings and the debilitating reputational damage of being
found to be serially corrupt over five
continents and three decades by the
Serious Fraud Office, the rebuilding of
Rolls?s stature in the corporate community has taken a hit from the Trent
1000 setback.
The issues over the engines
? wearing out of turbine
fans far earlier than expected ? was identified last year. At the
company?s annual
meeting yesterday
in Derby, Warren
East, chief executive,
said that the issue was
continuing to have financial
implications for the com-
pany. ?The requirement for more regular inspections will lead to higher than
previously guided cash costs,? he said.
The company warned in March that
the Trent 1000 issue would cost it about
�0 million this year on top of the
�0 million outlay in 2017 and with a
further �0 million cost in 2019. The
accelerated inspection and replacement programme with the associated
cost of components, maintenance personnel and compensation to
airlines is now thought by
analysts to be adding as
much as a further
�0 million over the
next 18 months. That
would take the total
bill to more than
�billion.
The shares in RollsRoyce, which have fallen
about 10 per cent since
M
March,
slipped a further 6緋
yesterday to 830p.
put hundreds of jobs at risk
Robin Pagnamenta
Hundreds of jobs will be lost at Virgin
Media, the broadband operator, and at
the owner of the high street clothing
chain Jacques Vert.
Tom Mockridge, chief executive of
Virgin Media, said that the group plans
to cut 500 jobs as it shuts sites in Swansea and Nottingham.
The company, which employs 14,000
workers at more than 100 sites, said the
number of customer operations bases
would be cut from eight to four ?
Wythenshawe, Sheffield, Birmingham
and Stockton-on-Tees. Mr Mockridge
said that the closures were part of a
three-year programme to ?create fewer,
higher quality work places to better
support our people, our business and
growing customer base?.
Jacques Vert is expected to become
the latest retailer to call in administrators today, putting a further thousand
jobs on the British high street at risk.
Calvetron Brands Limited, the parent
company of the womenswear outlets
Jacques Vert and Precis, is to appoint
Duff & Phelps as administrators on
Friday. Last year, Calvetron was restructured in a rescue deal that led to
several hundred job losses.
It is the most recent in a string of
casualties for the retail sector, which is
battling against rising property costs,
online competition, and fragile consumer confidence.
Calvetron, formerly named Style
Group Brands, is owned by a consortium of private investors and is based in
Birmingham. The potential administration was first reported by Sky News.
Calvetron and Duff & Phelps did not
respond to requests for comment.
44
2G M
Friday May 4 2018 | the times
Business
ANDREW CRAIG/GLENCORE
Glencore upbeat
as Congo project
clicks into gear
Robin Pagnamenta
Deputy Business Editor
Glencore, the Switzerland-based
FTSE 100 mining giant, has unveiled
an upbeat earnings forecast for its
trading division and said the ramp-up
of a big new copper and cobalt project
in the Democratic Republic of Congo
(DRC) was progressing well.
Glencore is one of the world?s biggest mining and commodities companies, with more than 145,000 staff.
It produced net income of more than
$5 billion in 2017.
In a production update, Glencore
said that earnings from its trading
division were likely to be at the upper
end of a range between $2.2 billion
and $3.2 billion for the full year. Production from its other main business,
including mining operations in a
range of countries from Chile to Australia, remained in line with expecta-
tions and full-year guidance was
unchanged.
Glencore said that output for the
three months to March from a new
mining project at Katanga in the
DRC, was 27,700 tonnes of copper
and 500 tonnes of cobalt, a key ingredient in the manufacture of batteries
for electric vehicles and electronic
devices. Glencore produces at least
one quarter of the world?s cobalt,
which has bigger deposits in the DRC
than any other country.
Katanga is in the middle of an expansion phase and Glencore expects
total copper and cobalt output to hit
150,000 tonnes and 11,000 tonnes
this year. Cobalt, a by-product of copper production, is at the centre of
Glencore?s business strategy.
The upbeat forecasts came despite
legal uncertainty over the Congolese
projects. G閏amines, the DRC state
mining company, has launched legal
E X C L U S I V E R E WA R D S F O R S U B S C R I B E R S
Glencore is one of the world?s biggest mining and commodities companies and has operations in various countries including Chile
action against Glencore in a dispute
over a capital shortfall of $3.9 billion
in one of its subsidiaries in the African country.
G閏amines is seeking to dissolve
Kamoto Copper Company after Katanga failed to reduce big debts that
have eaten into its share of the profits.
Separately Dan Gertler, an Israeli
billionaire, is seeking to reclaim
nearly $2.9 billion of royalties that he
claims are owed to him from mines in
the DRC. He was involved in negotiating some of the mining projects in
DRC in which Glencore holds a stake.
Last year the US Treasury stopped
American companies from entering
into transactions with Mr Gertler,
calling him a ?billionaire who has
amassed his fortune through hundreds of millions of dollars? worth of
opaque and corrupt mining and oil
deals? in the DRC. He has been accused of using a friendship with Joseph Kabila, the Congolese president,
to secure lucrative mining deals. He
has consistently denied wrongdoing.
Mr Gertler has taken legal action in
the DRC and Hong Kong to recover
the royalties he claims are owed to
Explorer plans for move
into Asia on the double
Emily Gosden Energy Editor
Enjoy 30% off tickets to
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Ophir Energy has agreed to pay
$205 million for oil and gasfields in
southeast Asia that will more than
double its production and could pave
the way for shareholder returns
within two years.
The exploration group?s shares
rose 5 per cent after the announcement of the surprise deal to buy the
assets from Australia?s Santos, which
it said should deliver enough cash to
accelerate the prospect of buybacks
or a dividend from 2022 to 2020.
The shares fell back, however, to
close only 0.5 per cent higher at 59p.
Output from the fields in Vietnam
and Indonesia should increase
Ophir?s production from about 11,500
barrels per day to 25,000 barrels per
day and the company said that it was
trying to clarify whether the transaction was big enough constitute a
reverse takeover although it did not
believe that it was.
Ophir Energy listed in 2011 as an
Africa-focused explorer and became
a stock market darling with an initial
run of drilling successes.
However, it fell out of the FTSE 250
index as oil prices slumped and later
drilling campaigns disappointed.
The company has been building a
portfolio of producing fields to
generate cashflow to cover its operations, starting with the 2015 acquisition of southeast Asia-focused Salamander Energy. It has also been
working on plans to develop a floating liquefied natural gas plant at its
Fortuna discovery off Equatorial
Guinea but the project has been repeatedly delayed by financing difficulties and Ophir?s shares have fallen
to historic lows.
Nick Cooper, chief executive, said
the Santos deal did not affect
progress on Fortuna, for which funding had been ring-fenced. ?Fortuna
is like the sidecar . . . we have beefed
up the motorbike,? he said.
The deal should make Ophir ?fully
25,000
Barrels produced per day including
output from Vietnam and Indonesia
Source: Ophir Energy
sustainable?. ?We have gone from a
pure equity-funded explorer three
years ago to now one which is living
within its means quite comfortably,?
he said.
Mr Cooper said that Ophir had
been ?under-geared? with a far lower
net debt to earnings ratio than most
of its peers and that it would still have
lower debt levels than most after the
deal.
Analysts at Jefferies said that the
acquisition was ?arguably unexpected? but ?a good and necessary deal?
especially as Fortuna financing
seemed ever further away.
him by two Glencore subsidiaries,
Mutanda Mining and Kamoto Copper, for $695 million and $2.28 billion
respectively. Glencore has won a temporary injunction in a London court
blocking Mr Gertler from taking further action in the dispute. The disputes in the DRC have weighed on the
group?s share price in recent weeks.
Paul Gait, analyst at Bernstein, said
that the guidance ?should be an incremental comfort to those who
continue to be concerned about the
marketing business? at Glencore.
Glencore?s shares rose 1絧 to 359紁.
Vodafone set
to clinch deal
with Liberty
Robin Pagnamenta
Vodafone is close to a deal to acquire
some of Liberty Global?s continental
European assets which could be announced within the next few weeks,
according to reports last night.
The FTSE 100 telecoms group,
which is to present its full-year results
on May 15, confirmed in February
that it was in talks with Liberty, the
American cable TV empire controlled by John Malone, the US billionaire. It has made no further comment since then on the discussions.
They are likely to involve holdings
in Germany, Hungary, Czech Republic and Romania. Any deal is not
expected to involve Liberty?s UK
assets or its Irish units.
The discussions were said to be
nearing a conclusion and an announcement was expected within
days. Liberty?s first quarter results are
out on May 9.
Yesterday both companies declined to comment. Analysts have
predicted a deal could be worth
between ?14 billion and ?20 billion.
6 BT is expected to reveal plans to
cut thousands more jobs when it
reports its annual results next week.
The group announced 4,000 job cuts
a year ago, but analysts at Exane BNP
Paribas have estimated it could cut a
further 6,600 in order to save
�0 million over three years,
according to the Financial Times.
the times | Friday May 4 2018
45
2G M
Business
Cashflow woes threaten to bring
Tesla crashing back down to earth
James Dean US Business Editor
Crunch time has arrived for Tesla and
Elon Musk, the entrepreneur who is
becoming increasingly combative as he
comes to terms with the challenge of
cranking out thousands of shiny new
electric cars every week.
Mr Musk has bet the house on the
Model 3, the ?affordable? family car
that is the first that Tesla will produce in
numbers to rival established carmakers
such as Ford. To make good on his bet,
Mr Musk needs to start churning out
the cars at a much faster rate. If he fails,
Tesla will run out of money.
Tesla?s first-quarter earnings report,
which was released on Wednesday,
suggests that the future is very much in
the balance. Tesla said that Model 3
production was ramping up towards its
target of 5,000 cars a week, which it
would hit in a couple of months? time.
As it tries to complete the task, the
company has burnt through millions of
dollars. This is Wall Street?s greatest
worry. Before the results, Bloomberg
calculated that Tesla was burning cash
at a rate of $6,500 a minute.
That figure will have grown given
that net free cashflow ? cash generated after capital expenditures ? was
about minus $1.1 billion in the first quarter, compared with forecasts of minus
$700 million. Unlike in previous quarters Tesla, perhaps sensitive about the
figure, did not include it as a line in its
accounts.
If the cash continues to disappear at
this rate, Tesla will be forced to go cap in
hand to investors, as it has done every
year since becoming a public company
in 2010. Mr Musk said on Wednesday
night that he did not intend and did not
want to issue new debt or shares. Tesla
cut its full-year capital expenditure
forecast to $3 billion from $3.4 billion.
Even before the earnings report was
released, Moody?s estimated that Tesla
would need to raise $2 billion this year.
Tesla reported a record loss for the
fifth consecutive quarter, of $710 million, which was slightly ahead of estimates. The initial reaction from investors was positive, with Tesla?s shares
rising by 1.6 per cent in after-hours trading. Then Mr Musk had a tantrum on
the earnings call, which sent the shares
into the red. At the close of trading on
Wall Street last night they had fallen 5.6
per cent to $284.45.
Mr Musk has a habit of setting lofty
production targets and then missing
them. All the more so since he began
making the Model 3. Two years ago he
said that Tesla would be building cars at
a rate of 500,000 a year by this year.
Nonetheless, investors have stuck by
Tesla and Mr Musk, hoping that the
Model 3 will lead the electric car revolu-
Free cash flow ($m)
Reaching for
the stars
Price of Tesla cars in the UK
Long-term debt ($m)
(basic model)
9,584 9,457
8,767
�,000
-277
�,550
�,350
7,159 7,125
5,970
Model 3
-622
Model S
Model X
Estimated total Model 3
production to date
-970
-1,054
-1,159
-1,417
Q4
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
Q1
2016 2017 2017 2017 2017 2018
23,063
Q1 production
Model 3
9,766
Model S and X
24,728
Q4
Q1
Q2
Q3
2016 2017 2017 2017
Q1
Q4
2017 2018
Source: Tesla; Bloomberg
Model 3 net reservations
450,000
Tesla share price
$310
300
290
280
270
Thu
Fri
Carmaker risks
being overtaken
by the opposition
Behind the story
I
n 1928 WO Bentley unleashed
one of the greatest cars of all
time, the Speed Six ? the
apotheosis of automotive
allure in the Roaring Twenties
and a vehicle that bulldozed its way
to successive victories at Le Mans.
Within three years Bentley Motors
was in liquidation and was
subsequently taken over by RollsRoyce (Robert Lea writes).
Yet the Bentley brand is as big as
it has ever been. The discourteous
might say that in the 21st century it
is just a luxury Volkswagen because
Mon
Tue
Wed
Thu
of the German company that now
owns it, just as Rolls-Royce was
reborn after the millennium by
becoming a BMW with a Spirit
of Ecstasy on its nose. But one
thing is clear: these are brands
that are with us for a few more
lifetimes yet.
The pessimists fear that
Tesla is moving towards a
chequered flag. What
has become evident is
that for all Tesla?s
disruption in the
complacent, selfsatisfied motoring
industry, for all its
achievements in
bringing new electric
technology to market,
and for building cars that
prompt a second and third
look as they pass, if they
cannot be manufactured
and marketed economically, then
corporate life will be short.
If Tesla, the industrial company
co-founded by Elon Musk, left,
has a shortening shelf life, Tesla,
the brand, does not. It has in a
decade become a status symbol
like no other. Yet the technology
and attractiveness of its
electric cars are being
caught up by
the conventional
opposition and will be
overtaken by these
manufacturers with
their operational nous.
Depressing as it
sounds, for Tesla to
have a commercial
future it may need to be in
a sounder organisation ?
perhaps a US technology
group or an ambitious
Chinese motor company.
tion. However, making the car has been
anything but plain sailing.
Leaked reports from the factory floor
this year suggested that labourers were
hammering panels into shape when a
machine should have been doing it. The
company admitted on Wednesday that
it had tried to automate too much of the
production process too quickly.
The slow progress has exacerbated
the cash squeeze. Even with a reduction
to its spending forecast, Tesla is expected to burn through most of the $3.2 billion cash it had at the end of March.
Tesla said that it expected to be profitable in the third and fourth quarters.
?A good criticism that has been levelled at Tesla, an accurate one: it?s high
time we became profitable,? Mr Musk
said. ?That?s our focus right now. I?m
feeling quite confident about hitting
positive cashflow in the third quarter.?
Whether or not Tesla succeeds depends on how much investors believe in
Mr Musk and how much comfort they
take from his promises.
Musk spurns boring, bonehead analysts in favour of his fanboys
James Dean
When a hedge fund manager asked
Jeff Skilling a tricky question during an
Enron earnings conference call in 2001,
his response was sharp: ?Thank you
very much, we appreciate that . . . asshole.? Months later, the Texas-based
energy group had collapsed under the
weight of its own fraud and Skilling was
on his way to jail.
Tesla bulls and bears alike were
drawing
comparisons
yesterday
between Skilling?s performance and
that of Elon Musk during Tesla?s earn-
ings call on Wednesday. It began when
Toni Sacconaghi, an analyst with Bernstein, asked about the margin target for
the Model 3. ?Don?t make a federal case
out of it,? Mr Musk urged him. After Mr
Sacconaghi asked another question,
Mr Musk paused, then said: ?Boring,
bonehead questions are not cool. Next.?
Next came Joseph Spak, of RBC, who
asked about reservations for the car.
Mr Musk made no effort to hide his
disdain. ?Sorry. These questions are so
dry. They?re killing me.?
He turned the call over to Galileo
Russell, a 25-year-old YouTube blogger
and Tesla enthusiast. ?Hey. Great quarter. Thanks for having me on the call,?
Mr Russell said, before asking about
Tesla?s self-driving taxi programme.
?Thank you for an interesting question,? Mr Musk replied, before letting
Mr Russell, who owns shares in Tesla,
question him for 23 minutes.
Mr Musk wasn?t quite done with the
analysts, though. Ben Kallo, of Baird,
asked whether Tesla would give more
regular updates about Model 3 production to address share price volatility.
?If people are concerned about volatility, they should definitely not buy our
stock,? Mr Musk said. ?There you go.?
The condemnation came swiftly, as rumours swirled that Mr Musk was drunk
or otherwise intoxicated. ?Elon, you?ve
got to grow up,? Rebecca Lindland, an
analyst at Kelley Blue Book, said. ?You
have to take analyst questions ? adult
analyst questions ? not fanboys?.?
Adam Jonas, an analyst at Morgan
Stanley and a Tesla bull, said that the
call was ?arguably the most unusual call
I have experienced in 20 years . . . many
investors we spoke with [after] the call
agree?. He added: ?We believe Tesla?s
chief executive made a mistake. We
found the posture out of character with
the normally inviting, enlightening
tone of prior conference calls. While
they may be dry in nature, we argue
[that analysts?] questions are extremely
important for a highly levered and cash
hungry company.?
He also had a warning for Mr Musk.
?An important part of Tesla?s success
has been its relationship with the capital markets in funding its ambitious
plans,? Mr Jonas said. ?The analysts on
the call represent the providers of
capital that Tesla has throughout its
history depended upon.?
46
2G M
Friday May 4 2018 | the times
Business Markets
news in brief
Tempus
Buy, sell or hold: today?s best share tips
EDF?s offshore venture
EDF has made its biggest bet in
the offshore wind sector with a
�0 million deal for the rights to
build a wind farm off the east
coast of Scotland. It said it would
spend �8 billion building the
450 megawatt Neart na Gaoithe
(NNG) project, which should be
operating by 2023. Mainstream
Renewable Power, NNG?s
developer, won a subsidy contract
in 2015 but the project has been
delayed by legal challenges from
the RSPB over fears about seabird
deaths. The costs of building wind
farms have since plunged, making
the contract highly lucrative.
Supermarkets good for a bargain
tesco & wm morrison
Wm Morrison
revenue �.3bn
T
he question that any
investor should ask before
buying a share in a British
food retailer is: ?Should I
invest in this industry?? It is
an important question because the
food retail sector may be large and
competitive, but it is hardly a licence
to print money.
The Big Four grocers appear to
have fairly juicy profits but these are
down to large sales bases. Last year
Tesco generated a pre-tax profit of
�3 billion, but off revenue of
�.5 billion. Wm Morrison?s profits
came in at �0million, off sales of
�.3 billion. And, until recently, these
profits were in decline too. About
eight years ago Tesco and Morrisons
were reporting far higher underlying
profits: �4 billion and �0 million
respectively.
The situation is similar at Asda
and J Sainsbury, Britain?s third and
second largest grocers. They are both
making less profit than a decade ago,
which probably helps to explain the
motivation for the duo?s decision to
try to merge their businesses.
The Big Four are operating in an
industry that can barely cover its
cost of capital, generating paltry net
margins for the industry of about
2.5p in the pound. It is a fiercely
competitive market and things are
only going to get harder. Costs are
still rising, volumes are largely flat,
centamin
First quarter
revenue +23 per
cent Ebitda
+71 per cent
Demand for gold has recorded its
weakest start to a year for a decade,
according to the World Gold Council,
which yesterday blamed stagnant
prices and higher US interest rates
for denting the metal?s appeal.
That gloomy update did little to
dispel investor enthusiasm for shares
in Centamin. The Egypt-focused
FTSE 250 gold miner kept investors
smiling with a 71 per cent rise in firstquarter earnings on the back of
higher output and improved prices.
For investors looking for exposure
Share price
385
p
305
225
Tesco?s progress
Sales
Profit
�.9bn
+2.3%
�bn
2016-17
2017-18
+28.4%
�64m
�28m
145
2013
14
15
16
17
65
2018
Share price
300
p
Source: Thomson Reuters
Tesco full-year
revenue �.5bn
Rolling in the aisles
2013
2016-17
2017-18
Morrisons like-for-like sales (%)
3.4
2.9
240
2.1
2.6 2.5 2.8
1.8
180
0.7
14
15
16
17
120
2018
0.1
15-16
2016-17
2017-18
there is still too much grocery retail
space in Britain and discounters
continue to gain market share.
This structural change is driving
the recent wave of consolidation.
Tesco, Britain?s largest grocer, kicked
things off by merging with Booker,
the cash and carry group, and now
Sainsbury?s is starting a potentially
long process to merge with Asda,
owned by Walmart. There is, no
doubt, more consolidation to come.
If the ?Sasda? combination
succeeds, the enlarged group will
create a grocery giant with revenues
of � billion and 330,000 employees.
It will also have a market share of
31.4 per cent, according to the most
recent Kantar Worldpanel figures,
overtaking Tesco?s near 28 per cent.
Morrisons will have about 11 per cent.
The Sasda tie-up has the potential
to put more pressure on margins;
bosses have pledged to reduce prices
on some items by about 10 per cent.
In the short term, the proposed
merger does not actually change the
to gold without purchasing the metal
itself Centamin ? whose main asset
is the Sukari gold mine in Egypt?s
Eastern desert 900km from Cairo ?
offers some big advantages.
Sukari, which began production in
2009, remains highly cash
generative. The group has a strong
balance sheet with no debt and cash
and liquid assets of $426.5 million at
the end of March. That was ahead of
a final dividend of $115.2 million,
which was paid on April 6. Moreover,
its Sukari deposit should be able to
maintain production for many years,
which is not the case for many
miners which struggle to keep ageing
projects viable.
Yesterday Centamin?s results were
encouraging. The company said that
earnings before interest, taxes,
depreciation and amortisation
(ebitda) rose to $91 million, well
above City estimates of $80 million.
Gold sales rose 14 per cent to
131,045 ounces, while the average
gold price realised rose 9 per cent to
$1,328 per ounce.
Last year was the first year of
Centamin?s profit-sharing agreement
under which the Egyptian
government will take 40 per cent of
profits for the next three years, rising
to 50 per cent after that.
The group is also exploring for
new deposits in Ivory Coast and
Burkina Faso.
Centamin seems to be recovering
ADVICE Buy
WHY With improving profits
and at least a year or more
before the Sainsbury-Asda
merger happens, there are
share price gains to be made
situation in Britain?s food sector
inordinately. Sainsbury?s and Asda
will continue to operate separately
while the Competition and Markets
Authority assesses, a process which
could take up to 18 months.
Tesco and Morrisons, as well as
other rivals such as Aldi and Lidl
now also know that they have more
than a year to sharpen their focus on
pricing. As one market expert put it:
?You can be sure the likes of Tesco
and Morrisons are preparing a
welcome party for Sasda?, which
could lead to gains for both grocers,
whose profits and stock price have
been recovering as their turnaround
programmes gain ground.
Morrisons might seem the most
disadvantaged, being the smallest,
but it could benefit by picking up
stores that Sainsbury?s and Asda
might have to dispose of through the
competition process. It also remains
differentiated from its rivals as it has
a manufacturing and wholesale
division. Tesco may become the
market?s second largest grocer, but it
would be an easier business to run
than a dual-brand Sasda. It also still
has the benefit of the synergies from
its merger with Booker to flow
through the business.
For the past two years it is clear
that both Tesco and Morrisons?
profits have been improving and
there is nothing to suggest that this
will change, at least in the short
term. For those with an appetite for a
sector that will endure a volatile
environment for the next few years,
these two grocers are worth a punt.
Trinity Mirror sales dip
Trinity Mirror has blamed
?severe weather? for a 9 per cent
drop in sales. The trading update
comes after the publisher, which
owns the Sunday Mirror and Daily
Mirror, bought the Express
newspaper titles in a �7 million
deal, which is being investigated
by the Competition and Market
Authority. The company will be
renamed Reach after the proposal
was approved by shareholders
yesterday. Nearly 21 per cent
voted against the company
making any political donations.
Top hotels rebranded
Intercontinental is to take over
the running of 13 of Britain?s bestknown hotels. The four and five
star hotels, currently part of the
US real estate firm Starwood
Capital?s Principal Hotel
Company, are being sold to
Fonci鑢e des R間ions, the French
property investment firm, which
in turn will lease them to
Intercontinental. The group said
that it would convert them to its
own brands, including its first UK
boutique Kimpton hotels, and
five-star Intercontinentals.
from a problem this year with
disappointing ore grade from the
Sukari mine, which prompted a
19 per cent drop in output in the first
quarter.
Yesterday however, the group
maintained its full-year production
forecast of 580,000 ounces at a cash
cost of production of $555 per ounce.
At 156緋, up 1紁, Centamin?s shares
have been more or less stable this
year.
Weight Watchers win
Weight Watchers, which is
backed by Oprah Winfrey,
reported a record number of
subscribers ? 4.6 million ? by
the end of the first quarter,
causing its shares to jump in
after-hours trading on Wall Street
last night. Profit in the three
months to the end of March rose
to $39.1 million from $10.7 million
a year ago while revenues
increased by 24 per cent to
$408.2 million. The company?s
shares moved 7.4 per cent higher
at $69.70.
ADVICE Buy
WHY Strong balance sheet;
no debt and good cashflow
PRICES
Major indices
New York
Dow Jones
Nasdaq Composite
S&P 500
London Financial Futures
23930.15 (+5.17)
7088.15 (-12.75)
2629.73 (-5.94)
Tokyo
Nikkei 225
22472.78 (Market closed)
Hong Kong
Hang Seng
30313.37 (-410.51)
Amsterdam
AEX Index
Sydney
AO
Frankfurt
DAX
Singapore
Straits
551.73 (+0.00)
6187.00 (+50.30)
12690.15 (-112.10)
3575.68 (-39.60)
Brussels
BEL20
3871.94 (+0.00)
Paris
CAC-40
5501.66 (+0.00)
Zurich
SMI Index
DJ EURO Stoxx 50
8842.29 (-53.99)
3529.12 (-24.67)
London
FTSE 100
7502.69 (-40.51)
FTSE 250
20365.87 (-140.40)
FTSE 350
4179.04 (-23.61)
FTSE Eurotop 100
2909.39 (-22.79)
FTSE All-Shares
4128.12 (-22.73)
FTSE Non Financials
4823.52 (-23.39)
techMARK 100
4510.49 (-50.72)
Bargains
n/a
US$
1.3572 (+0.0000)
Euro
1.1313 (-0.0043)
�SDR
0.98 (+0.00)
Exchange Index
79.00 (+0.15)
Bank of England official close (4pm)
CPI
105.00 Mar (2015 = 100)
RPI
278.30 Mar (Jan 1987 = 100)
RPIX
278.80 Mar (Jan 1987 = 100)
Morningstar Long Commodity
612.58 (-0.48)
Morningstar Long/Short Commod 4331.37 (+0.55)
Long Gilt
3-Mth Sterling
3-Mth Euribor
3-Mth Euroswiss
FTSE100
FTSEurofirst 80
Period
Jun 18
Sep 18
Jun 18
Sep 18
Dec 18
Mar 19
Jun 19
Jun 18
Sep 18
Dec 18
Mar 19
Jun 19
Jun 18
Sep 18
Dec 18
Jun 18
Sep 18
Jun 18
Sep 18
Open
121.93
120.96
99.250
99.150
99.060
98.980
98.890
100.33
100.32
100.31
100.27
100.20
100.72
100.69
100.65
7492.5
7423.0
High
122.75
121.70
99.285
99.200
99.120
99.040
98.970
100.33
100.32
100.31
100.28
100.21
100.73
100.71
100.67
7511.0
7424.5
Commodities
Low
121.70
120.80
99.240
99.140
99.050
98.970
98.880
100.33
100.32
100.31
100.27
100.19
100.71
100.69
100.65
7446.0
7382.0
Sett
122.58
121.63
99.285
99.190
99.110
99.030
98.960
100.33
100.32
100.31
100.28
100.21
100.72
100.70
100.66
7460.5
7392.5
4855.5
4851.5
Vol
263987
2845
159062
128007
142004
97760
173669
29042
38048
48613
59500
95874
9430
8775
9214
120960
179
Open Int
809394
6642
683956
445877
530406
343492
352214
541026
550241
539399
444421
416366
65163
74369
102066
616070
5930
� 2018 Tradeweb Markets LLC. All rights reserved.
The Tradeweb FTSE Gilt Closing Prices information contained
herein is proprietary to Tradeweb; may not be copied or
re-distributed; is not warranted to be accurate, complete or timely; and does not constitute
investment advice. Tradeweb is not responsible for any loss or damage that might result
from the use of this information.
Sep
ICIS pricing (London 7.30pm)
72.74-72.72
Volume: 1676268
LIFFE
Crude Oils ($/barrel FOB)
Brent Physical
BFOE(Aug)
BFOE(Jul)
WTI(Jul)
WTI(Aug)
74.12
73.37
73.72
67.80
68.26
+0.07
+0.28
+0.26
+0.45
+0.49
Cocoa
May
Jul
Sep
Dec
Mar
May
1942-1875
1944-1941
1982-1976
1975-1959
1960-1958
1926-1817
Jul
Sep
Dec
1936-1822
1935-1827
1876-1776
Volume: 58608
Products ($/MT)
RobustaCoffee
Spot CIF NW Europe (prompt delivery)
Premium Unld
Gasoil EEC
3.5 Fuel Oil
Naphtha
686.00
633.00
377.75
630.00
686.00
635.00
378.00
634.00
-1.00
+0.00
+0.25
+3.00
May
Jul
Sep
Nov
1840-1816
1829-1827
1810-1808
1813-1782
Jan
Mar
1782-1800
1802-1710
Volume: 16891
White Sugar (FOB)
ICE Futures
Reuters
Gas Oil
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Oct
Dec
645.50-645.00
642.75-642.50
641.50-641.25
Brent (9.00pm)
Jul
73.72-73.70
Aug
73.31-73.30
Aug
Sep
641.00-640.50
640.00-639.75
Volume: 608622
324.10-323.60
324.00-322.60
332.40-329.10
Mar
May
Aug
Oct
344.00-336.60
344.40-341.80
347.90-346.10
356.10-349.50
Volume: 26852
147.00
unq
Nov
153.00
Volume: 576
London Grain Futures
LIFFE Wheat (close �/t)
Oct
Nov
72.20-72.13
71.73-71.65
May
Jan
143.00
unq
Jul
Mar
the times | Friday May 4 2018
47
1G M
Markets Business
CHRIS RATCLIFFE/BLOOMBERG/GETTY
Trading error cost a packet
for paper-maker Mondi
Harry Wilson Market report
W
ith computers and
algorithmic trading
running increasing
amounts of the
equity market, the
potential for a fat-finger trade has
diminished in recent years. There are
plenty of ways an algorithmic trader
can go haywire, but a human
plugging the wrong number into their
computer is not one of them.
However, yesterday Mondi, the
paper and packaging group, found
itself in focus after what appears to
have been an erroneous trade. It
suffered a sudden fall in London after
an issue was identified by the
Johannesburg Stock Exchange, where
the company has a dual listing.
According to local media reports, an
error in the way one firm entered a
Xiaomi IPO
biggest in
four years
X
iaomi, the
Chinese
smartphone and
connected device
maker, has kicked off
an initial public
offering to raise up to
$10 billion, making it
the biggest flotation
since Alibaba?s
$25 billion New York
stock market debut in
2014 (Robert Miller
writes).
The Beijing-based
group filed a
prospectus yesterday. It
is due to list in Hong
Kong in early July.
Xiaomi, the world?s
fourth-largest
smartphone maker, is
expected to sell its
smartphones in the UK
under a partnership
with Hutchison?s Three.
The flotation will be
among the first to take
advantage of changes
to the Hong Kong
Exchanges? listing rules
last month which allow
founders to keep
control of companies
after listing. Xiaomi
made an operating
profit last year of
Rmb12.2 billion
(�41 billion). Proceeds
from the IPO, which
analysts expect to value
Xiaomi short of the
$100 billion originally
forecast, will be split
between investments in
the ?internet of things?,
research and
development and other
areas to boost its
software platform.
Results in brief
Name
Pre-tax figure
Profit (+) loss (-)
Elektron Technology (engineering FY)
�7m (-�6m)
Dividend
nil
6 Results in brief are given for all companies valued at more than � million. f = final p = payable
The day?s biggest movers
Change
Company
Mothercare Sector optimism
Dignity Recent improved trading
Entertainment One New television deal
Evraz Stronger metals prices
Randgold Resources Stronger metals prices
Mondi Erroneous trades in South Africa
BT Group Analyst downgrade
IMI foreign exchange headwinds
Smith & Nephew Profit warning
Go Ahead Group Analyst downgrade
London Grain Futures
LIFFE Wheat (close �/t)
May
143.00 Jul
147.00
Jan
unq Mar
unq
9.6%
5.1%
4.9%
2.9%
2.4%
-2.7%
-4.2%
-6.1%
-7.0%
-11.2%
Gold/Precious
metals (US dollars per ounce)
Nov
153.00
Volume: 576
Base Rates
2278.0-2279.0
2278.0-2279.0
1980.0-1985.0
Zinc Spec Hi Gde ($/tonne)
3027.5-3028.0
3042.5-3043.0
1943.0-1948.0
21100.0-21150.0
20740.0-20790.0
Alum Hi Gde ($/tonne)
2348.0-2349.0
2340.0-2342.0
2280.0-2285.0
Nickel ($/tonne)
13980.0-13985.0
0.00.0
ECB Refi 0.00
US Fed Fd 1.50-1.75
0.55-0.45
0.61-0.51
0.74-0.64
0.90-0.75
1.05-0.90
1.88-2.08
2.04-2.24
2.33-2.53
2.48-2.68
2.74-2.94
Other Sterling
European money
deposits %
Sterling spot and forward rates
Currency
1mth
3mth
6mth
12mth
0.13
0.20
0.29
0.55
0.51
0.70
0.80
0.97
0.10
0.15
0.20
0.50
Dollar
Sterling
Euro
14045.0-14050.0
Finance House 1.0
Eurodollar Deps
Silver $16.49 (�.15)
Tin ($/tonne)
21375.0-21400.0
Germany?s Dax dropping 112.1 points
to 12,690.15 and the CAC 40 in France
down 27.56 points at 5,501.66.
Leading the fallers was Smith &
Nephew, which issued a profit
warning after what the medical
devices maker said were ?softer
market conditions? than it had been
expecting. Shares in the company
were down 98p at �.03 at the close.
Also on the slide was BT as the City
weighed up a downgrade from
Barclays. The bank?s analysts cut their
target price for the telecoms
company?s shares by 70p to 280p
warning about the impact of new
competitors on its earnings. BT closed
down 10p at 232紁.
B&Q?s owner, Kingfisher, was out
of favour, falling 11緋 at 278緋.
It was a good day for natural
resource shares thanks to rising metal
prices and hopes that trade talks
between the US and China would
avert an all-out trade war. Evraz, the
Russian steel producer, and Randgold
Resources, the gold miner, were
Interbank Rates
2 mth
3 mth
6 mth
12 mth
0.5133
0.5704
0.7005
0.8044
0.9650
Clearer CDs
0.55-0.45
0.61-0.51
0.74-0.64
0.90-0.75
1.05-0.90
Mkt Rates for
Copenhagen
Euro
Montreal
New York
Oslo
Stockholm
Tokyo
Zurich
Range
8.4355-8.4600
1.1358-1.1326
1.7423-1.7504
1.3540-1.3628
10.929-11.026
11.971-12.107
147.63-149.43
1.3525-1.3575
Close
8.4371-8.4421
1.1329-1.1328
1.7469-1.7472
1.3571-1.3571
10.931-10.935
11.971-11.981
148.02-148.05
1.3534-1.3537
1 month
76ds
7pr
13pr
17pr
32pr
106ds
8ds
16ds
Premium = pr
3 month
235ds
23pr
43pr
59pr
107pr
330ds
29ds
49ds
Discount = ds
Argentina peso
Australia dollar
Bahrain dinar
Brazil real
Euro
Hong Kong dollar
India rupee
Indonesia rupiah
Kuwait dinar KD
Malaysia ringgit
New Zealand dollar
Singapore dollar
S Africa rand
U A E dirham
medical products
ranging from wound
dressings to
continence care
items. Nordic and
Avista Capital
Partners, which has
3 per cent, according
to filings, have raised
more than �billion
selling shares. This
includes �0 million
through a placing at
322p last June.
Convatec has been
disrupted by the
transfer of production
of some wound care
and ostomy products
from the US to the
Dominican Republic,
which weakened
supplies and caused
delays. The shares
shed 1緋 to 224絧.
among the biggest risers. Evraz closed
up 14p at 490p, while Randgold ended
the day at �.08, up 140p. Fresnillo,
the precious metals miner, closed up
16絧 at �.96�.
The FTSE 250 fell 140.4 points to
close down at 20,365.87. Leading the
fallers was Go-Ahead Group which
fell heavily after Deutsche Bank cut
its target price on the shares by 500p
to �.40, downgrading the transport
operator?s stock from a ?buy? to a
?hold? rating. The shares closed down
219p at �.35. Shares in the engineer
IMI were another major faller after
the company warned in an interim
management statement about
headwinds to its earnings from
foreign exchange movements. The
shares closed down 69p at �.60.
At the bottom end of the market,
Albert Technologies was on the
move as the AIM-listed marketing
technology company was boosted by
a ?buy? note from Cantor Fitzgerald.
Albert Technologies closed up 3p, or
8.5 per cent, at 38絧.
Dollar rates
Clearing Banks: 0.50
1 mth
Platinum $906.00 (�7.59)
Lead ($/tonne)
on the London stock
exchange. It follows a
rally from November?s
low of 182p and a
well-received firstquarter trading
update on Wednesday.
Convatec, a FTSE
250 company based in
Reading, makes
Depo CDs
Cash
7310.0-7320.0
series of trades earlier in the week
caused the stock to close up about
5 per cent higher than it should have
done. Realising the problem belatedly,
the JSE was forced to cancel all trades
from Monday?s closing auction,
prompting a correction in the shares
in yesterday?s trading session.
A brief statement from the JSE
noted the problem and apologised to
its customers. Mondi had nothing to
say about the issue.
In Johannesburg, Mondi was the
day?s leading faller, dropping nearly
10 per cent, while in London it was
also a prominent loser, though not on
the same scale, closing down 2.74 per
cent at �.95.
Mondi?s fall helped end a five-day
winning streak for UK?s leading stocks
as the FTSE 100, having initially
resisted the drops in other major
markets, fell into the red by late
morning. At the close the FTSE 100
was down 40.51 points, or 0.54 per
cent, at 7,502.69. The fall was in line
with the drops elsewhere, with
Treasury Bills (Dis) Buy: 1 mth 0.449; 3 mth 0.418. Sell: 1 mth 0.320; 3 mth 0.418
Krugerrand $1299.00-1370.00 (�7.17-1009.48)
6873.0-6874.0
Strong economic data was offset by
disappointing earnings and left
indices seesawing between positive
and negative territory. The Dow
Jones industrial average rose 5.17
points to 23,930.15 and the S&P 500
fell 5.94 points to 2629.73.
The share disposal
comes after a rally
from 182p in November
Palladium $969.00 (�4.01)
Close $1313.00-1313.80 High $1317.68
AM $1313.30 PM $1315.05
6836.0-6837.0
Wall Street report
Halifax Mortgage Rate 3.99
Bullion: Open $1305.60
(Official)
Copper Gde A ($/tonne)
N
ordic Capital
has taken its
chance to get
out of its investment
in Convatec (Alex
Ralph writes).
Content, no doubt,
that the healthcare
company?s shares had
been patched up as
much as possible the
private equity firm
sold its remaining
143.2 million shares,
about 7.3 per cent of
the issued share
capital, at 220p per
share, raising
�5 million.
The disposal,
through a placing
handled by UBS, was
priced at 5p per share
below Convatec?s 2016
�4 billion flotation
Australia
Canada
Denmark
Euro
Hong Kong
Japan
Malaysia
Norway
Singapore
Sweden
Switzerland
Low $1305.30
15mth
Nordic walks from Convatec
Money rates %
London Metal Exchange
3mth
health
Exchange rates
1.3305-1.3306
1.2874-1.2875
6.2186-6.2196
0.8346-0.8350
7.8495-7.8500
109.08-109.08
3.9420-3.9470
8.0539-8.0599
1.3321-1.3324
8.8205-8.8295
0.9973-0.9976
29.605-29.619
1.8055-1.8058
0.5083-0.5151
4.8078-4.8119
1.1329-1.1330
10.652-10.653
90.588-90.601
18896-18907
0.4079-0.4102
5.3494-5.3562
1.9300-1.9304
1.8078-1.8083
17.155-17.163
4.9821-4.9835
Australia $
Canada $
Denmark Kr
Egypt
Euro �
Hong Kong $
Hungary
Indonesia
Israel Shk
Japan Yen
New Zealand $
Norway Kr
Poland
Russia
S Africa Rd
Sweden Kr
Switzerland Fr
Turkey Lira
USA $
Bank buys Bank sells
1.980
1.720
1.910
1.660
9.090
7.970
n/a
n/a
1.240
1.090
11.470
10.090
392.210
322.680
21825.700
17409.400
5.410
4.620
161.690
140.030
2.170
1.840
11.980
10.360
5.370
4.400
93.740
78.060
19.120
16.190
12.930
11.490
1.490
1.290
6.210
5.310
1.480
1.300
Rates for banknotes and traveller's cheques as
traded by Royal Bank of Scotland plc yesterday
Data as shown is
for information
purposes only. No offer is made by
Morningstar or this publication
the times | Friday May 4 2018
49
1G M
Unit trust Business
The Times unit trust information service
Sell
Buy
+/-
Yld
%
For Abbey National see Santander
For Allchurches see Ecclesiastical
ALLIANZ GLOBAL INVESTORS
Inv Serv: 020 7065 1400 Helpline: 0800 317 573
Gilt Yield A ?@
Strategic Bond Fund ?@
UK Corp Bond C ?@
UK Eqty C ?@
UK Eqty Inc A ?@
UK Gwth A ?@
UK Index A Inc ?@
UK Mid Cap A ?@
176.88
148.21
104.79
6317.26
309.36
6072.29
1423.81
5271.58
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.43
+0.21
-0.78
-14.91
-0.08
+56.39
-5.83
-3.36
1.26
0.50
3.87
3.28
4.07
1.13
3.01
0.13
1722.00
111.21
105.17
380.04
35.91
275.85
134.60
100.05
109.73
84.58
464.82
245.48
74.96
91.61
101.71
60.48
101.52
60.34
596.25
1797.76
637.99
+5.82
+0.30
+0.28
+0.50
+0.32
-0.35
+0.36
+0.27
+0.03
-0.10
+0.19
+0.09
+0.12
+0.53
-0.04
-0.02
-0.05
-0.03
+0.13
+7.08
-1.21
1.58
0.76
0.77
0.82
0.38
0.91
3.49
3.59
?
5.39
3.58
3.69
4.16
?
3.26
3.32
3.26
3.32
1.13
1.25
1.52
AXA FRAMLINGTON UNIT MGMT LTD
Dling: 0845 602 1952 Priv Clients: 0845 777 5511
Equity Inc ?@
572.40
Gilt Acc @
201.30
Gilt Inc @
74.35
Health Acc ?@
1800.00
Jap Smlr Co Ac @
62.56
Managed Inc ?@
142.10
Monthly Inc Inc ?@
260.30
UK Growth Inc ?@
212.20
UK Select Opps Inc ?@ 1942.00
UK Sml Cos Inc ?@
297.60
?
211.80
78.24
?
66.09
?
?
?
?
?
-2.70
+0.10
-0.39
-1.00
-0.19
+0.10
+0.50
-0.30
-8.00
+0.40
4.43
1.08
1.09
?
0.30
4.12
4.37
1.48
0.21
0.04
AXA FUND MANAGERS LTD
Admin & Enq 0117 989 0808
AXA Trusts
Gen Acc ?@
Gen Inc ?@
2101.00
1079.00
?
?
+6.00
-2.00
2.64
2.70
UK/Global Investment Companies
Euro Acc A ?@
Extra Inc Inc B ?@
Global Gwth Acc R ?@
Japan Acc A ?@
Pac Gwth Acc A ?@
251.50
89.78
210.80
166.20
477.00
?
?
?
?
?
154.40
578.50
575.20
226.40
1.73
0.87
1.06
1.23
1.58
156.80
?
584.00
229.80
+0.50
-1.60
-1.70
-0.10
?
1.12
1.53
4.26
CLOSE FUND MANAGEMENT LTD
0870 606 6402
Beacon Inv ?
84.88
?
+0.35
0.01
Dealing: 020 7426 6232
Winchester ?
2767.28
?
+59.63
1.41
EDENTREE INV MGMT LTD
0800 358 3010
Amity European A ?
Amity International A ?
Amity Sterling Bond A ?
Amity UK A Inc ?
Higher Income A ?
UK Equity Growth A ?
272.60
278.30
106.00
241.70
139.60
293.00
?
?
?
?
?
?
+1.70
+1.50
-0.10
+0.30
+0.10
+0.30
1.07
1.13
4.43
1.40
4.22
1.01
Corporate Bond ?@
Ethical ?@
European ?@
Far Eastern ?
Fund of Inv Tst ?@
Intl Gwth ?
Japanese ?
North Amer ?
Smaller Cos ?@
Special Sits ?@
UK Equity Inc ?@
UK FTSE 100 IT ?@
UK FTSE All-S IT ?@
UK Growth ?@
Yld
%
2273.00
27.55
3874.00
1953.00
149.50
369.60
49.49
327.60
79.93
36.45
109.30
4060.00
69.75
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
327.60
?
?
?
?
72.18
+5.00
-0.01
+4.00
+2.00
+0.20
+1.20
?
-0.10
+0.02
?
-0.05
-5.00
+0.53
0.86
2.90
?
?
0.08
?
4.19
0.21
2.24
2.85
2.47
0.89
0.44
?
?
?
?
?
?
14.89
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
35.47
81.62
88.42
104.80
115.20
87.24
62.27
86.74
119.50
48.68
88.06
60.56
69.31
81.10
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.03
-0.06
+0.21
-0.10
-0.10
-0.04
+0.52
-0.32
+0.50
-0.41
-0.08
-0.04
-0.05
-0.07
Amer Ind Acc ?@
Amer Ind Inc ?@
Euro Ind Acc ?@
Euro Ind Inc ?@
FTSE 100 Ind Acc ?@
FTSE 100 Ind Inc ?@
FTSE 250 Ind Acc ?@
FTSE 250 Ind Inc ?@
FTSE All-S Acc ?@
FTSE All-S Inc ?@
Jap Ind Acc ?@
Jap Ind Inc ?@
Pac Ind Acc ?@
Pac Ind Inc ?@
501.47
430.22
878.69
632.18
230.61
124.76
273.40
188.24
593.61
357.39
124.19
105.98
389.46
276.90
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-1.15
-0.99
+2.22
+1.60
-0.25
-0.13
-0.34
-0.22
-0.26
-0.13
+1.05
+0.90
+1.54
+1.09
Balanced Acc ?@
214.63
Balanced Inc ?@
143.25
Corp Bd Acc ?@
277.43
Corp Bd Inc ?@
121.70
Gilt & Fd Int Acc ?@
460.57
Gilt & Fd Int Inc ?@
71.68
Income Acc ?@
662.40
Income Inc ?@
330.47
Monthly Inc Acc ?@
301.73
Monthly Inc Inc ?@
147.89
UK Grth & Inc Ret B Acc ?@136.78
UK Grth & Inc Ret B Inc ?@72.55
UK Gth & Inc Acc ?@
136.78
UK Gth & Inc Inc ?@
72.55
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.25
-0.16
+1.15
+0.50
+1.03
+0.16
-0.18
-0.09
+0.01
?
-0.07
-0.04
-0.07
-0.04
Buy
+/-
Yld
%
Cautious Managed A Acc ?@423.36
Cautious Managed A Inc ?@279.32
Diversified Growth A Acc ?@127.82
Diversified Growth A Inc ?@139.81
Diversified Income A Acc ?@306.35
Diversified Income A Inc ?@79.11
Emerging Mkts Blended Debt A Acc ?@116.88
Emerging Mkts Blended Debt A Acc Gross ?@125.82
Emerging Mkts Blended Debt A Inc ?@89.15
Emerging Mkts Equity A Acc ?@149.38
Emrg Mkts Local Curr Debt A Acc ?@185.13
Emrg Mkts Local Curr Debt A Inc ?@96.81
Emrg Mkts Local Curr Debt Gross I Acc ?@220.49
Enhanced Natural Resources A Acc ?@121.07
Global Bond A Acc ?@
139.30
Global Bond A Inc ?@
109.33
Global Bond I Gross Inc ?@1167.00
Global Dynamic A Acc ?@ 152.39
Global Energy A Acc ?@ 202.64
Global Equity A Acc ?@ 154.47
Global Franchise A Acc ?@191.62
Global Free Enterprise A Acc ?@922.29
Global Gold A Acc ?@
125.26
Global Special Situations A Acc ?@274.10
Global Special Situations A Inc ?@216.42
Managed Growth A Acc ?@229.73
Monthly High Income A Acc ?@219.64
Monthly High Income A Inc ?@67.77
Multi-Asset Protector A Acc ?@173.23
Strategic Bond A Acc ?@ 244.54
Strategic Bond A Inc ?@ 119.47
Target Return A Acc ?@ 101.97
Target Return A Inc ?@ 89.55
UK Alpha A Acc ?@
2504.25
UK Blue Chip A Acc ?@ 770.11
UK Smaller Companies A Acc ?@4870.85
UK Smaller Companies A Inc ?@4415.99
UK Special Situations A Acc ?@1223.64
UK Special Situations A Inc ?@470.07
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+2.34
+1.55
+0.30
+0.33
+0.15
+0.04
-0.19
+0.20
-0.14
-0.55
-0.56
-0.29
-0.05
+1.16
+4.03
+3.00
+29.78
-0.76
+1.81
-0.30
-0.87
-2.15
+1.63
+0.95
+0.74
+0.38
-0.23
-0.07
+0.13
+0.19
+0.09
+0.05
+0.04
-4.40
+3.15
+15.80
+14.32
-0.16
-0.06
?
?
0.86
0.91
2.78
4.22
4.89
4.21
6.80
0.36
5.48
7.43
5.42
0.59
0.83
0.82
1.26
0.36
1.17
0.41
1.72
0.04
?
?
?
0.08
3.54
5.02
0.15
1.94
3.31
0.90
0.89
1.55
?
0.89
0.90
1.46
1.49
For ISIS Asset Mgmt see F&C Fd Mgmt Ltd (OEICS)
New Europe A ?@
Portfolio ?@
Stg Corp Bd A Acc ?@
Stg Corp Bd A Inc ?@
UK Act 350 A Acc ?@
UK Dynamic Acc ?@
UK Dynamic Inc ?@
UK Equity A Acc ?@
UK Equity A Inc ?@
UK Eqy & Bd Inc Acc ?@
UK Eqy & Bd Inc Inc ?@
UK Higher Inc A Acc ?@
UK Higher Inc A Inc ?@
UK Sm Cos A Acc ?@
UK Str Eq Inc A Acc ?@
UK Str Eq Inc A Inc ?@
US A Acc ?@
US Sm Cos A Acc ?@
Sell
Buy
+/-
Yld
%
194.60
260.40
92.56
55.24
199.00
208.60
164.50
401.90
46.44
167.10
90.29
1111.00
578.00
498.90
193.80
114.00
1036.00
649.20
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.10
-0.80
+0.04
+0.02
-2.20
+0.20
+0.20
+0.60
+0.07
-0.20
-0.48
+1.00
+0.20
+2.10
+0.20
+0.10
+25.00
+6.80
?
0.63
1.49
1.98
?
0.92
1.47
3.45
3.49
3.41
3.50
2.37
4.25
?
3.09
3.62
?
?
JUPITER UT MGRS LTD
020 7581 3020
Absolute Return ?@
54.62
Distribution and Growth ?@123.88
Emg Euro Opps ?@
206.74
Euro Special Sits ?@
422.69
European ?@
2216.98
Financial Opps ?@
624.49
Income Trust ?@
581.91
Merlin Bal (Acc) ?@
183.98
Merlin Gwth (Acc) ?@ 407.39
Merlin Inc (Acc) ?@
297.84
Merlin Wwide (Inc) ?@ 291.11
UK Growth ?@
342.50
UK Special Sits (Inc) ?@ 195.54
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.16
-0.17
+0.09
+0.91
+9.14
+0.47
-1.23
+0.49
+1.39
-0.39
-0.40
+1.97
-0.29
?
4.03
1.48
0.22
?
0.28
3.70
2.03
?
2.90
?
1.09
1.31
LEGAL & GENERAL (UT MGRS) LTD
Enquiries: 0870 050 0955 Dealing: 0870 050 0956
Equity Acc @
Equity Dist @
Euro Ind Acc @
Euro Ind Inc @
Fixed Int Acc @
2616.00
893.80
398.30
286.80
138.10
2639.00
902.00
398.30
286.80
138.90
-8.00
-2.70
+1.00
+0.70
+0.10
2.12
2.15
1.84
1.88
2.55
1.36
1.38
2.56
2.60
2.14
2.17
4.12
4.25
3.77
3.94
3.82
3.93
3.82
3.93
Sell
American Index Retail Acc ?@501.47
American Index Retail Inc ?@430.22
Asian Gth Acc ?@
156.29
Asian Gth Inc ?@
139.42
Chinese Eq Acc ?@
563.41
Chinese Eq Inc ?@
478.47
Euro Gth Acc ?@
849.35
Euro Gth Inc ?@
728.06
+0.06
-1.10
+3.00
+0.02
-0.20
+0.70
-0.01
-0.01
?
?
-0.90
-3.50
-0.10
-2.00
?
?
?
2.73
?
0.83
2.91
3.21
?
5.39
3.55
3.18
3.37
?
0.92
0.50
1.07
3.25
3.34
0.32
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-1.15
-0.99
-0.44
-0.39
-3.24
-2.76
+0.70
+0.60
1.41
1.43
0.36
0.45
0.20
0.21
1.42
1.46
322.55
262.17
393.13
99.69
403.88
475.71
331.53
83.98
275.04
49.06
130.89
71.96
95.54
498.71
756.24
628.94
340.42
276.69
414.92
?
426.26
502.07
349.90
88.64
290.28
51.78
138.15
76.96
100.84
526.34
798.14
663.79
-3.34
-0.93
-1.40
-0.89
-3.57
-4.21
-3.09
-0.29
-0.92
-0.03
-0.06
+0.17
-0.11
-2.81
+1.64
+1.36
?
1.52
1.49
4.77
2.18
2.24
0.12
4.43
4.32
0.94
0.66
1.30
0.58
1.34
0.15
0.21
INSIGHT INVESTMENT FDS MANAGEMENT LTD
Client Servs: 0800 124 314
Insight Investment Global Investment Funds
Mthly Inc Bd Inc ?@
Mthly Inc Bd N Inc ?@
48.44
91.99
?
?
+0.10
+0.19
Insigt Investment Portfolio Fund
Insight Investment Multi-Manager Funds (0800)
96.05
93.79
?
?
-0.32
-0.36
UK Str Inc N/Trl ?@
536.00
?
+2.36
3.03
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.82
-0.05
+0.11
-0.86
+0.33
?
-0.05
-0.23
-0.50
+3.03
+0.04
2.04
2.88
3.47
3.91
3.39
0.07
4.77
2.06
1.94
0.26
?
INVESCO PERPETUAL Funds
Childrens Acc ?@
469.94
Corp Bond Acc ?@
201.77
High Income Inc ?@
447.67
Income & Grth Inc ?@
428.76
Income Inc ?@
1705.85
Money Acc ?@
90.43
Monthly Inc Plus Inc ?@ 108.44
UK Aggressive Inc ?@
204.62
UK Growth Acc ?@
687.99
UK Sml Cos Eqty Acc ?@ 1268.21
UK Sml Cos Gwth ?@
82.54
American A Acc ?@
359.18
Asia ex Japan A Acc ?@ 653.75
Capital Accumulator A Acc ?@236.37
?
?
0.10
0.14
0.12
INVESCO FUND MGRS LTD
Dling: 0800 085 8571 Inv Serv: 0800 085 8677
Brkr Serv: 0800 028 2121
INVESCO Funds
Amer Spec Sits ?@
American ?@
Euro Opps ?@
-13.00
-6.00
+1.20
?
4.21
?
?
?
-0.84
+0.90
-0.41
?
0.52
1.13
+/-
Yld
%
-0.01
?
+0.30
+0.70
+1.10
+0.60
+1.30
+2.50
+0.10
+0.10
4.20
4.10
3.16
3.24
3.75
3.67
0.79
0.35
MANEK INVESTMENT MGMT LTD
0844 800 9401
Growth Fd Acc @
41.47
43.54
MARKS & SPENCER UNIT TRUST LTD
0808 005 5555
High Income
High Income Acc
UK 100 Comp Acc
UK 100 Cos
UK Select Pflo
UK Selection Port Acc
Worldwide Mgd Acc ?
Wwide Mgd ?
112.10
257.80
384.40
222.80
353.90
641.40
814.10
507.40
112.10
257.80
384.40
222.80
353.90
641.40
?
?
MORGAN STANLEY INVESTMENT MGMT LTD
Enquires: 0800 0961 962
The Morgan Stanley Funds (UK)
Class A Shares
Equity
Eur (Ex UK) Eq A Acc ?@1310.92
Glob Brands A Acc ?@ 7875.83
UK Eq A Acc ?@
1184.53
?
?
?
+4.24
-28.08
-0.02
1.25
0.94
1.66
?
?
?
+2.02
-3.80
?
1.94
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.40
+0.10
+0.30
+0.30
+0.20
+0.80
+0.50
2.66
1.95
5.24
2.88
2.02
1.83
2.99
+4.82
+0.33
+1.63
+0.43
+7.40
+0.51
+6.23
-0.55
-7.28
-0.26
1.37
1.03
0.23
0.56
1.36
1.02
0.24
2.98
?
3.05
Fixed Income
Stg Corp Bd A Acc ?@
UK Ind Lnkd A Acc ?@
UK Long Bd A Acc ?@
Bal Pfolio Inc ?@
Bal Port Gwth Acc ?@
Equity Inc Inc ?@
N&P UK Gwth Inc ?@
Stkmkt 100 Tkr ?@
UK Growth Acc ?@
UK Growth Inc ?@
106.00
203.20
222.70
188.70
221.10
405.50
249.80
SCOTTISH MUTUAL INV MNGRS LTD
0141 248 6100
European Inc
Far Eastern Inc
Intl Growth Inc
Japanese Inc
Mutual European
Mutual Far Eastern
Mutual North Am
Mutual UK Eq
Nth American Inc
UK Equity Inc
1463.47
546.48
573.69
41.85
2245.71
843.79
1983.00
1366.80
1227.65
655.00
1544.56
576.76
605.48
41.85
2370.14
890.54
2092.88
1442.53
1295.67
691.29
201.10
183.00
138.30
226.80
220.20
?
?
?
?
?
0.51
1.04
1.04
0.44
0.46
2534.00
?
+19.00
0.54
328.40
190.50
?
?
+1.00
+0.60
1.65
1.70
-0.90
-0.40
+1.50
?
-0.01
+0.80
+0.30
?
+0.30
+0.20
+0.80
+10.00
1.97
1.99
1.15
5.21
5.36
4.03
4.14
?
3.02
3.07
2.13
1.26
UK and Income Investment Funds
Corp Bond A Acc ?@
311.20
Corp Bond A Inc ?@
125.70
Envir Invtr A Acc ?@
294.50
Hi Inc Bond A Ac ?@
229.60
Hi Inc Bond A Inc ?@
86.13
Hi Res A Acc ?@
366.80
Hi Res A Inc ?@
138.20
Safety Plus A Acc ?@
40.49
Strat Inc A Acc ?@
202.30
Strat Inc A Inc ?@
100.60
UK Gwth A Acc ?@
192.90
UK Sel Gwth A Acc ?@ 1974.00
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
OEIC B Class
Tracker and Specialist Investment Funds
All Stks Credit A Inc ?@ 132.20
Asian Div Inc U Trst Inc @108.19
Cautious Man Fd A Acc ?@268.10
Cautious Man Fd A Inc ?@152.90
China Opp Fund A Acc ?@1473.00
Emg Mkts Opps Fd A Acc ?@208.50
Erpn Grth Fund A Acc ?@ 237.20
Erpn Sel Opps Fd A Acc ?@1660.00
Fix Int Mnthly Inc Fd Acc @28.68
Global Equity Fund Acc @3041.26
Global Equity Income A Inc ?@60.92
Global Tech A Acc ?@ 1705.00
M-Asset Abs Ret A Acc ?@141.60
M-Man Active Fd A Acc ?@225.10
M-Man Inc Grth A Inc ?@ 154.90
M-Man Inc Grth Fd A Acc ?@177.00
Sterling Bond U Trst Acc @220.07
Sterling Bond U Trst Inc @ 64.70
Strategic Bond A Inc ?@ 122.40
UK Abs Ret Fd A Acc ?@ 158.40
UK Alpha Fund A Acc ?@ 154.70
UK Index Fund A Acc ?@ 635.80
UK Irsh Sm Co Fd A Acc ?@676.00
UK Property A Acc @
238.61
UK Property A Inc @
107.36
UK Tracker Fund A Acc ?@285.60
US Growth Fund A Acc ?@1014.00
?
113.66
?
?
?
?
?
?
29.92
3172.26
?
?
?
?
?
?
229.57
67.49
?
?
?
?
?
251.15
113.00
?
?
+0.10
+0.81
-0.30
-0.10
+3.00
+0.10
+0.20
+2.00
-0.02
+1.40
-0.05
+6.00
-0.10
-0.30
+0.20
+0.20
+0.24
+0.07
?
?
-0.30
-0.40
+0.90
?
?
-0.20
?
2.46
5.71
3.20
3.27
0.46
0.30
0.85
0.57
4.53
?
3.22
?
0.81
?
2.11
2.08
2.19
2.22
3.70
?
1.80
2.04
0.41
2.58
2.63
2.06
?
JP MORGAN ASSET MGMT
OEIC
Asia A Acc ?@
210.40
Emerging Mkts ?@
224.50
Eur Dyn (ex-UK) A Acc ?@225.20
Euro Smllr Cos ?@
787.80
Europe A Acc ?@
1479.00
Gbl Hi Yld Bd A Acc ?@ 110.10
Gbl Hi Yld Bd A Inc ?@
36.29
Gl ex-UK Bd A Acc ?@ 262.20
Gl ex-UK Bd A Inc ?@
203.40
Glb Fins A Acc ?@
1077.00
Global A Acc ?@
1330.00
Japan A Acc ?@
475.00
Multi-Man Tst A Acc ?@ 1008.00
Multi-Man Tst A Inc ?@ 922.20
Nat Resources ?@
637.30
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.50
-0.70
+0.30
+2.90
+2.00
+0.10
+0.03
+0.10
+0.10
+1.00
-1.00
+4.10
-1.00
-0.90
+6.30
?
?
?
?
?
5.53
5.72
0.15
0.45
?
?
?
0.53
0.53
?
Fixed Int Dist @
Glob Gwth Acc @
Glob Health Acc @
Glob Tech Acc @
Gwth Tst Acc @
High Inc Acc @
Japan Ind Acc @
Pacific Ind Acc @
UK 100 Ind Acc @
UK Active Opps Acc @
UK Index Acc @
UK Index Dist @
US Ind Acc @
Worldwide Acc @
71.12
243.90
64.34
41.66
106.00
126.70
61.85
158.20
186.50
249.90
294.90
165.40
452.50
306.20
71.56
243.90
64.47
41.72
106.50
127.70
61.85
158.20
186.50
252.90
294.90
165.40
452.50
306.20
+0.05
-1.30
-0.24
+0.62
-1.00
-0.20
+0.55
+0.60
-0.10
-0.10
-0.10
-0.10
+1.20
+0.60
2.59
1.15
0.72
0.24
?
4.81
0.83
2.18
2.92
?
3.00
3.08
0.84
0.70
M & G SECURITIES
Enq: 0800 390 390 Dealing Line: 0800 328 3196
Authorised Inv Funds
Charifund Inc ?
1607.50
?
+1.58
4.64
+3.38
+3.17
0.20
1.82
+0.13
+0.22
-0.02
+0.25
-0.06
?
-8.41
4.40
1.25
4.84
?
3.67
1.57
2.09
+0.05
-0.18
+0.51
+0.22
3.73
4.80
2.23
2.19
Sterling Class A Investment Funds 1
Euro Smlr Cos Acc ?@
Euro Smlr Cos Inc ?@
436.98
408.31
?
?
Sterling Class A Investment Funds 2
Extra Income Inc ?@
799.14
Gilt & Fxd Int Inc ?@
96.92
Gl Hi Yd Bd Inc ?@
49.92
Index Linked Bd Inc ?@ 138.45
Index Trckr Inc ?@
77.88
Short Dated Corp Bd Inc ?@25.76
UK Select A Inc ?@
3035.08
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
Sterling Class A Investment Funds 3
Corp Bd A Inc ?@
Dividend Inc ?@
Recovery A Inc ?@
Sml Cos Inc ?@
40.28
61.66
145.21
371.40
?
?
?
?
Sterling Class A Investment Funds 4
Episode Allocation A Inc ?@146.44
?
-0.29
1.93
UK Trkr B Acc ?@
UK Trkr B Inc ?@
356.30
189.50
?
?
+1.10
+0.60
1.88
1.94
-1.00
-0.40
+0.90
+10.00
2.18
2.20
2.47
1.50
+0.60
+10.00
3.03
1.75
UK and Income Investment Funds
Corp Bond B Acc ?@
320.60
Corp Bond B Inc ?@
125.60
UK Gwth B Acc ?@
206.90
UK Sel Gwth B Acc ?@ 2056.00
?
?
?
?
UK Gth C Inc ?@
143.00
UK Sel Gwth C Acc ?@ 2136.00
?
?
STANDARD LIFE INVESTMENTS
0845 279 3003
Investment Funds (OEIC) - Retail Shares
95.48
57.02
102.00
138.60
162.70
62.11
202.30
131.10
173.40
130.20
132.80
48.99
105.20
258.90
88.71
54.30
355.40
233.80
263.80
89.22
207.80
260.10
238.50
749.10
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.30
-0.18
-0.30
-0.60
-0.60
-0.23
+1.40
?
?
-0.10
?
?
+0.90
-0.80
-0.12
-0.07
+1.70
+0.60
+1.10
+0.38
+0.90
+1.20
+1.10
+4.20
1.43
1.44
1.81
?
3.02
3.10
1.67
1.05
1.02
0.05
3.02
3.08
0.08
1.62
1.29
1.30
2.11
2.59
3.82
3.94
1.35
0.38
0.38
0.38
?
?
?
+0.04
+0.04
+0.14
1.59
1.60
1.80
SVS BROWN SHIPLEY FUNDS
Enquiries: 0141 222 1151
Balanced A Acc ?@
Balanced A Inc ?@
Cautious A Acc ?@
Yld
%
103.78
267.69
252.74
285.19
226.90
228.75
95.94
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.12
+0.38
+0.35
+0.14
+0.09
+0.06
+0.03
1.82
0.97
0.98
0.91
2.86
2.78
2.83
UK Oseas Earns ?@
130.45
?
-0.20
1.89
115.80
156.20
80.78
?
?
?
+0.20
+0.20
-0.08
1.27
0.85
3.69
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.14
+0.02
+0.06
+0.05
-0.14
-0.14
-0.01
-0.42
-0.08
-0.13
-0.54
+0.05
-0.26
1.07
3.37
2.91
2.54
3.98
3.54
4.54
1.65
3.78
4.48
1.69
1.46
0.16
710.40
219.40
-0.30
+1.00
1.50
?
Managed Funds
Def Eqty & Bd Acc ?@
Eqty & Bd Acc ?@
Mgd Income ?@
121.22
114.84
111.32
Stg Bd Ret Inc ?@
Strat Bd Ret ?@
UK Corp Bond ?@
UK Corp Ret ?@
UK Eqty Inc Ret ?@
UK Gwth & Inc Ret ?@
UK Hi Yld Bd 1 ?@
UK Inst Acc ?@
UK Mnthly Extra Inc ?@
UK Mnthly Inc Ret ?@
UK Retail ?@
UK Sel Retail ?@
UK Smaller Cos ?@
56.56
46.44
61.48
61.35
97.03
94.13
42.78
166.71
81.27
75.49
143.17
133.74
343.32
For Resolution see Ignis
TU FUND MANAGERS LIMITED
British
European
674.90
210.70
* Yield expressed as CAR (Compound Annual Return);
? Ex dividend; ?Middle price; . . . No significant data. #
Periodic charge deducted from capital; @ Exit charge
British funds
Stock
Price
Int Yld Grs rd
(�) +/?
% yld
108.83
373.07
126.78
374.13
118.16
121.29
138.32
127.55
378.33
156.47
151.09
277.35
145.62
173.21
168.93
178.32
164.26
169.66
200.81
169.50
200.09
196.53
265.64
206.91
213.67
249.03
249.33
264.95
104.00
360.97
117.79
355.46
111.02
113.84
128.67
118.89
354.00
145.05
139.88
259.90
133.96
159.00
154.29
161.81
148.24
151.89
178.81
157.14
176.72
171.51
231.14
176.93
181.37
208.77
204.60
214.78
Tr IL 0V% 19
104.07
Tr IL 2K% 20
361.85
Tr IL 1Y% 2022 * 118.51
Tr IL 2K% 24
360.07
Tr IL 0V% 24
112.02
Tr IL 0V% 26
115.23
Tr IL 1N% 2027 * 130.43
Tr IL 0V% 29
120.77
Tr IL 4V% 30
359.76
Tr IL 1N% 2032 * 147.49
Tr IL 0O% 34
142.50
Tr IL 2% 35
265.97
Tr IL 0V% 36
137.00
Tr IL 1V% 2037 * 162.49
Tr IL 0X% 40
158.15
Tr IL 0X% 42 * 166.47
Tr IL 0V% 44
153.41
Tr IL 0V% 46
157.55
Tr IL 0O% 2047 * 184.92
Tr IL 0V% 48
163.02
Tr IL 0K% 50 * 183.45
Tr IL 0N% 52
179.04
Tr IL 1N% 2055 * 240.30
Tr IL 0V% 56
185.67
Tr IL 0V% 58 * 189.87
Tr IL 0W% 62
219.13
Tr IL 0V% 65
217.07
Tr IL 0V% 68
227.29
+ .07
+ .36
+ .30
+1.14
+ .36
+ .52
+ .65
+ .69
+1.96
+ .80
+ .84
+1.60
+ .97
+1.10
+1.23
+1.48
+1.48
+1.60
+1.88
+1.78
+2.07
+2.16
+2.85
+2.55
+2.70
+3.33
+3.62
+4.05
?
1.76
1.63
1.50
?
?
1.05
?
1.80
0.85
?
0.92
?
0.73
?
0.38
?
?
0.41
?
?
?
0.57
?
?
?
?
?
?2.44
?2.28
?1.99
?1.80
?1.80
?1.67
?1.67
?1.61
?1.60
?1.63
?1.59
?1.57
?1.58
?1.59
?1.59
?1.58
?1.55
?1.52
?1.52
?1.51
?1.52
?1.52
?1.51
?1.51
?1.51
?1.52
?1.54
?1.55
+ .91
+ .98
+ .78
+1.13
+1.15
+1.23
+1.44
+1.26
+1.37
+1.59
+1.22
+1.85
+1.94
+2.30
+1.70
+2.58
+2.33
+2.87
3.23
3.07
?
3.14
2.96
?
2.94
?
?
2.76
?
2.66
?
2.48
?
?
?
?
1.72
1.74
1.80
1.77
1.79
1.80
1.81
1.84
1.84
1.82
1.81
1.78
1.73
1.68
1.66
1.63
1.61
1.61
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
.20
.27
.32
.37
.45
.44
.49
.53
.65
.77
.81
.80
?
?
?
?
4.00
?
?
?
3.38
4.15
3.49
3.21
0.84
0.97
1.07
1.15
1.18
1.20
1.31
1.43
1.39
1.45
1.59
1.66
+
?
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
.01
.01
.07
.04
.07
.13
.10
.13
.16
.23
.27
.26
.33
?
4.42
?
4.12
3.60
?
4.42
?
?
6.56
3.58
?
?
0.47
0.72
0.67
0.60
0.65
0.76
0.69
0.72
0.80
0.79
0.87
0.96
1.08
Longs (Over 15 years)
145.88
144.09
102.52
157.27
148.88
150.88
159.30
133.83
140.40
160.53
97.05
166.78
159.09
179.39
107.38
179.15
135.86
173.27
135.90
134.34
95.39
146.30
138.48
139.98
147.31
123.60
129.43
147.59
88.05
152.65
144.61
162.92
96.14
162.07
121.18
154.94
Tr 4K% 34
Tr 4N% 36
Tr 1{ }% 37
Tr 4O% 38
Tr 4N% 39
Tr 4N% 40
Tr 4K% 42
Tr 3N% 44
Tr 3K% 45
Tr 4N% 46
Tr 1K% 47
Tr 4N% 49
Tr 3O% 52
Tr 4N% 55
Tr 1O% 57
Tr 4% 60
Tr 2K% 65
Tr 3K% 68
139.44
138.28
99.12
151.17
143.45
145.32
153.13
128.89
134.94
153.86
92.95
159.57
151.90
171.29
102.63
171.36
129.32
164.79
Mediums (5-15 years)
OEIC C Class
UK and Income Investment Funds
AAA Inc CAT Acc ?@
AAA Inc CAT Inc ?@
AAA Income Acc ?@
Amer Eq Gth Acc ?@
Corp Bond Acc ?@
Corp Bond Inc ?@
Euro Eq Gth Acc ?@
Glb Advtg CAT Acc ?@
Glob Advtg Acc ?@
Glob Eq Uncstrd Acc ?@
Higher Inc Acc ?@
Higher Inc Inc ?@
Japan Eq Gth Acc ?@
Managed Acc ?@
Select Inc Acc ?@
Select Inc Inc ?@
UK Eq Gth Acc ?@
UK Eq Hi Alpha ?@
UK Eq Hi Inc Acc ?@
UK Eq Hi Inc Inc ?@
UK Ethical Acc ?@
UK Opps Acc ?@
UK Opps Inc ?@
UK Smlr Cos Acc ?@
+/-
Index-linked
-0.40
-0.20
-0.10
-0.70
-0.60
Tracker and Specialist Investment Funds
JANUS HENDERSON INVESTORS
Investors Serv: 0800 832 832 Dlng: 0845 946 4646
Buy
THREADNEEDLE INVESTMENTS
Client Serv: 0800 0683000
Intermediary Serv: 0800 0684000
Institutional Shares (Class 2) (163500,000 min)
12 month
High
Low
Overseas Growth Investment Funds
UK Trkr A Acc ?@
UK Trkr A Inc ?@
Cautious A Inc ?@
Dynamic A Acc ?@
Dynamic A Inc ?@
Growth A Acc ?@
Income A Acc ?@
Sterling Bond Acc ?@
Sterling Bond Inc ?@
Sell
Retail Shares (Class 1)
2454.30
1350.60
1288.90
SANTANDER UNIT TST MGRS
08457 413002
Bal Port A Acc ?@
Caut Port A Acc ?@
Caut Port A Inc ?@
Opps Port A Acc ?@
Prog Port A Acc ?@
IGNIS ASSET MGMT
Dlg: 0141 222 8282
American Gth Inc @
Balanced Growth @
Balanced Growth Acc @
Corporate Bond ?@
European Growth @
European Growth Acc @
Glob Gwth @
Higher Yield @
Higher Yield Acc @
Japan @
Managed @
Managed Trust @
Mngd Pfolio Inc @
Pacific Grth @
Smaller Comp @
Smaller Cos @
Buy
SCOTTISH WIDOWS UNIT TRUST MGRS
0845 300 2244
Authorised Inv Funds (OEICs)
OEIC A Class
Managed Investment Funds
HSBC Specialist Investment Funds (OEIC)
INVESTEC FUND MGRS
Broker Support and Dealing: 020 7597 1900
OEIC Series i,ii,iii, & iv
?
?
?
1.41
1.43
2.31
2.36
3.35
3.38
2.29
2.35
3.24
3.36
1.41
1.43
2.36
2.42
Sell
HSBC Investment Funds (OEIC) - Retail Share Class
FIDELITY INTERNATIONAL
Private Clnts 0800 414161 Broker Dlgs 0800 414181
1503.00
3742.00
521.30
3.26
0.67
1.18
1.86
0.34
0.78
0.87
0.26
0.76
1.41
4.34
2.85
2.69
2.34
HSBC GLOBAL ASSET MGMT (UK) LTD
Enq: 0845 745 6123 Dlg: 0845 745 6126 Mon-Fri 8-6
HSBC Index Tracker Investment Funds (OEIC)
Well Bldr Bal Acc ?@
Well Bldr Gwth Acc ?@
F & C FUND MANAGEMENT LTD (OEICS)
Enqs: 0870 601 6183 Dealing: 0870 601 6083
Share Class 1 - Retail
Corporate Bd ?@
57.86
Emerging Mkts ?@
122.40
Euro Gwth & Inc 1 ?@ 1059.00
Extra Inc Bond ?@
48.37
FTSE All-Shr Track ?@ 423.40
Global Gwth SC1 ?@
206.00
High Inc Trst @
14.15
Max Inc Bond ?@
48.19
Multi Man Caut ?@
70.41
Multi Man Distr ?@
60.44
North Amer ?@
506.80
Pacific Gwth ?@
433.80
Strategic Bd ?@
194.10
UK Equity ?@
3320.00
UK Gwth & Inc Acc 1 ?@ 658.50
UK Gwth & Inc Dist ?@ 234.70
UK Smaller Cos ?@
1028.00
+/-
Eur Sel Gth A Acc ?@
+0.40
+0.02
?
+1.40
+0.90
CIS UNIT MANAGERS LTD
08457 46 46 46
European Gwth @
Sus Leaders ?@
UK Growth @
UK Income @
Buy
HALIFAX INVESTMENT FUND MGRS LTD
01296 386 386
Authorised Inv Funds
Share Class `C
ARTEMIS FUND MGRS LTD
0800 092 2051
Authorised Inv Funds
Capital R Acc @
1631.51
Euro Opps R Acc @
105.35
Euro Opps R Inc @
99.62
European Growth R Acc @360.11
Global Energy R Acc @
33.99
Global Growth R Acc @ 261.51
Global Income R Acc @ 127.58
Global Income R Inc @
94.83
Global Select R Acc @
104.03
High Income R Inc @
79.68
Income R Acc @
438.96
Income R Inc @
231.82
Monthly Dist R Inc @
70.81
Strategic Assets R Acc @ 86.59
Strategic Bond R M Acc @ 95.96
Strategic Bond R M Inc @ 57.06
Strategic Bond R Q Acc @ 95.78
Strategic Bond R Q Inc @ 56.93
UK Growth R Acc @
564.30
UK Smaller Cos R Acc @ 1675.46
UK Special Sits R Acc @ 601.53
European ?@
Extra Income ?@
Glob Spec Sits ?@
Global Focus ?@
International ?@
Japan ?@
Moneybldr Bal ?@
Moneybldr Glob
Moneybldr Gwth ?@
Moneybldr Inc ?@
Moneybldr UK Ind ?@
Special Sits ?@
Wealthbuilder
Sell
115.00
107.31
110.88
115.27
132.93
110.19
105.54
102.29
133.03
153.92
143.86
139.13
109.17
102.69
105.32
108.78
124.02
104.05
99.67
96.41
123.47
142.43
133.08
129.40
Tr 3O% 21
Tr 1O% 22
Tr 2N% 23
Tr 2O% 24
Tr 5% 25
Tr 2% 25
Tr 1K% 26
Tr 1N% 27
Tr 4N% 27
Tr 6% 28
Tr 4O% 30
Tr 4N% 32
109.56
103.32
106.09
109.76
125.06
105.59
101.47
98.48
125.60
144.49
135.91
132.39
Shorts (under 5 years)
101.47
114.36
103.71
108.21
108.65
105.83
113.20
112.03
104.73
131.73
117.77
100.70
101.30
100.15
111.68
101.18
103.23
104.02
102.42
107.25
106.77
101.42
121.67
111.31
97.36
?
Tr 1N% 18
Tr 5% 18
Tr 1O% 19
Tr 4K% 19
Tr 3O% 19
Tr 2% 20
Tr 4O% 20
Tr 3O% 20
Tr 1K% 21
Tr 8% 21
Tr 4% 22
Tr 0K% 22
Tr 0O% 23
100.17
113.00
101.31
103.28
104.13
102.73
107.42
107.03
101.87
122.00
111.80
98.09
98.31
* maturities as having a 3-month indexation lag and
which trade on a real clean price basis, excluding inflation
adjustment charge.
This is a paid for information service. For
further details on a particular fund, readers
should contact their fund manager.
Data as shown is
for information
purposes only. No offer is made by
Morningstar or this publication
550
1G M
Friday May 4 2018 | the times
Business Equity prices
12 month
High Low Company
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
Banking & finance
12 month
High Low Company
39O 1PMv
48N ?
14
14 ACHPv
14
2178
1784 Admiral
63K
25N
3K
27
10937
19K ADVFNv
9 Amedeo Resv
Y Amphion Innovsv
17 Amryt Pharmav
8601K Aon Corpn
1562K 1245 Arbuthnot Bkgv?
O 1.0
?
1980K ?
8.6
? 70.0
9
2.6 16.9
36
?
? 37.0
10
?
? -2.1
?
? -0.1
1V
17V +
N
? -2.4
10222X ? 100W 1.0 90.3
1510
?
5
2.0 46.4
2 Arc Mineralsv
2K
?
? -2.5
54
32 Arden Partnersv
39K ?
2
? 12.3
18K
14O Argo Groupv
18
?
433V
332N Ashmore Gp
398
2X
1786O 1439N Aus New Z
542
62V
532
486K Aviva?
N
?
2.7
18X EIHv
19V
?
? -6.3
?
? Location Sciences Groupv?
65 El Oro
67
?
3.6 10.6
4305
3350 Lond Stk Ex Gp? 4297
1
?
? -6.6
217X
334
145 EPE Special Oppsv
176
?
? -9.1
14N
303
212W Esure?
226
2V 5.9 13.5
2X
1086O
708K FBD?
? 11.7
?
? 41.2
82K
50K +
19Y
7Y GLI Financev
10
428
319 Gresham Housev
417
931
815 Gresh Hse Stratv
840
+
71X
61K Gulf Invest
71X +
268 H&T Groupv?
332K ?
93K
?
1V 4.0 35.4
1266 Hargreaves L
260K Hastings Gp?
167K
? -7.2
?
6V 3.9 13.1
1525
74 Hansard Global
105 Helios Underv
? Highway Capital#
1132 Hiscox
O 2.2 31.5
?
367Y
325
W
17X
45O Frenkel Toppingv
1928
40X ?
1028N ?
44K Fiskev
10K 8.7 12.4
468O ?
+
67
15V 4.1 18.9
40 AXA Property Tr
1 Energiser Invv
82K
?
452K Banco Santander
78X
6.2 -2.0
1
?
?
?
1.7
?
N 3.1 -6.4
7
2.8 10.7
?
11.3 16.0
861
2O
4040
50K
1004
410
176K
15K ?
1510
K
?
? -7.9
528K
1.8
?
90
2O 1.4 59.6
796
636K HSBC
721N ?
8K 5.2 20.3
1048
3
1.6 33.3
841
543K IG Group
836K ?
9K 3.8 15.9
36
3408
?
42
2.2 11.5
278
204 BP Marsh&Ptnrsv
19
13O Braveheart Invv
393
2582
53
322N Brewin Dolphin
1810 Brooks Macv
45V Carador?
254
1870
?
9.0
?
1.7 20.8
295
221K Charles Taylor?
275
+
14
3.8 20.9
423K
346 Chesnara?
409
+
454
1X
1715
186K
1191K
340N
1527K
70 City of Lon GpvV
360 City Lon Inv Gp
K Clear Leisurev
1316 Close Bros
165
440
+
4
4.7
1535
?
?
123K CMC Markets
181
782 Commerzbk
925X ?
261Y CYBG
317
970W Deutsche Bk
998X ?
+
7.0
?
? -2.6
10
5.6 11.2
?
O
6.9
?
1.1
10
3.9 11.6
3
4.9 10.5
28K
? 55.2
6V
11
?
342 Direct Line Ins?
363K ?
86
81N Downing ONE VCT
81N
?
9.2 66.1
N
?
? -0.7
N Draganfly Invsv#
215N
150N EFG-Hermes Hldg
208N +
2N 4.5 11.5
X 11.1
6.0
?
?
6.8
279N
?
0.5
?
35V Miton Groupv?
50N Cap & Regnl?
49K +
O 2.0 16.1
1740
1625 Cardiff Prop
1740
1628K ?
10K 10.1 12.5
60
9O Carecapitalv
51
558 NEX Group
980
?
8
3.9 53.2
93N
70K Clarke T?
231N Numisv
410
+
5
2.9 15.8
250K
190V CLS Hldgs
153K Oakley Cap Invsv
176K
1 Origo Partnersv
?
+
1V
403Y Paragon
O 2.8
?
76K +
791 PayPoint
22N PCF Groupv
2.5
6.7
3V 2.7 31.6
528K +
76 Park Groupv
7.7
? -0.2
K 2.6 12.6
1
859
?
19
36
+
1
3.7 15.5
5.2
371K
184N
78W Countrywide
462Y
233N Craven Housev
636K
2920
4W
438O Crest Nicholson
2338 CRH?
W CSF Grpv
2624
?
1W
3.8 11.7
W
? -1.2
? 12.2
3O 6.0
7.4
15
2.2 13.9
?
? -0.2
6150
?
40
1.5
2580 Derwent London?
3067
?
88
1.7 32.0
7O
6 Dolphin Capitalv
17N
10Y Dragon-Ukra Propv
6.8
?
301 Investment Co?
328
?
112N
64K Foxtons Group?
74K ?
1K 1.0 39.2
102 IP Group
135
1270
408 Jarvis Securitiesv
512
+
1981
?
?
14V
1716 Prudential?
1883K ?
2W Quadrise Fuels Intlv
2X
4K 2.3 20.2
?
? -6.4
927
?
5
9.3 19.2
570 Gleeson (MJ)
730
?
2
3.2 14.0
?
2.5 23.2
162K
128K Randall & Quilterv
162K +
4
?
8.9
841K
685 Grafton Gp Uts
747K +
2K 1.9 13.8
3
4.5 15.8
150
101K Rasmala PLCv
142K
?
? -5.3
316W
249Y Grainger
316W ?
W 1.4 17.9
2800
2284 Rathbone Brs?
42
2.4 25.4
850W
665 Gr Portland
698N +
K 6.2 18.7
609K
434W Hammerson
552
1W 2.3
4.2
182
759K
556K Lancashire Hdgs
604
5K 1.8
?
?
? Robeco N/V
2670Y
?
?
?
145K
97O Hansteen Hldgs
? -0.9
?
? Rolinco N/V
2489O
?
?
?
115
92 Harworth Gp?
40
28K Leeds Groupv
278W
246 Legal & Gen?
? Legendary Invsv
19
?
28K ?
1K
?
273N
?
?
755W Liberty Group
755W +
425N Liontrust
590
+
?
59K
40 Livermore Invsv
43
73
63 Lloyds Bkg Gp?
64X +
57V
43W LMS Capital
47K +
6.4 10.1
800 Galliford Try
2O 3.7 13.6
18K Leaf Clean Energyv
7.9
802
141K ?
+
2K 2.7
1462
458N ?
? 11.4
5.3
9.0
? 22.0
W 5.3 18.5
144N Reddev
2336
?
170
?
302W
241V Ryl Bk Scot
268K ?
666K
593K RSA Ins?
640
2670
65K
1883K S & U
58K Schroder REIT
2670
320 Heath (Samuel)v
465
?
1.1 11.8
378K
288K Helical Bar
378K ?
3
2.2 58.2
30
4.4 15.8
85
3.5 13.1
880 Highcroft Invs?
925
484W HK Land
541N ?
1W 2.5
302W
225K Ibstock
298
7W 2.6 16.5
2425
+
25
2000
?
2178 Schroders N/V?
1512K Secure Trust Bk?
22O Sharev
537K
560K
2418
29
? 42.6
4
955
2695
5.6
K 0.7 13.0
8.5
5.5
?
112K +
8.0
2.9 15.7
N 4.1 13.4
1K
33W 6.0
26
3330
K 15.3
+
?
?
3079 Schroders?
2.5 36.5
97O ?
O 1.7
3K 4.4 11.2
9K 2.7 24.5
60O ?
3773
20
?
+
27
V 4.0
?
?
4.0 11.4
341K
317K Industrial Multi Pro
317K
2K 3.8 18.8
279Y
194N Intu Properties?
194Y +
?
542
384 James Halsteadv?
384
0.9 66.0
?
?
332V St Modwen Prp
?
3.0
?
V 7.1 13.0
7
3.3 21.4
803K 3I Group
938O
203 3i Infrastructure
219K
113O Abrdn Div I&G
121O
1241 Aberforth Smlr
1404
685 Alliance
726
28O Arc Cap Hldgsv
34N
248 Athelney Trust
248
629 Baillie Gifford SN
970
763K Bankers?
870
1260 BH Global
1372K
928 BH Global
1009
1880 BH Macro
1952
1636N BH Macro
1636N
1397K BH Macro
1450Y
650 Biotech Growth
695
67K BLK Com Inc
79X
315N BlckREmEur
343
144 BlckFroInv
162
304K BLK Grt Euro?
332
187 BlackRck Inc & Gwth 197
402K BLK Latin Am?
461
144 BlckRck N Amer Inc 155O
1166K BLK Smlr
1417K
416N BlckRck Throgmorton 526
314K BLK Wld Min?
386K
27K Blue Plan G&I Uts#
27K
45 Blue Plan Int Fn
47K
662K Br Empire Sec
724
687K Brunner
776
2600 Caledonia Inv
2700
114 Candover#
115K
193 Charter European
194
178 City Merch Hi Yld?
193N
393K City of Lon IT?
424
171K Crystal Amber Fdv
211
339Y Dunedin Entp?
370
339 Edinburgh Dragon Trust372
616 Edinburgh IT?
678
550K Edin Wwide
780
820 Electra Pte Eq
829
289 EP Global Opp?
310
1207K European Asset
1230
862 European Investment 927
307N F&C Cap&Inc
330
134K F&C Comm Prop
144V
1265 F&C Glbl Smaller
1380
571K Foreign & Col
659
308 F&C Priv Eq Ord
378K
95K F&C UK HIT A?
100
95O F&C UK HIT B
100
385 F&C UK HIT UNIT?V 396
99 F&C UK Real Estate 106
361 Fidlty Asian Val
396K
191X Fidelity China Sp
238K
202K Fidlty Euro Val?
216K
106 Fidlty Jap Val
151O
230Y Fidlty Spec Val
267
704 Fins Gwth & Inc?
767
115 GCP Infrastructure? 118O
632 Gen Emer Mkts
704
29K Gldn Prosp Prc Mtl
30N
? Greencoat UK
?
847K Hansa Tst?
1000
857K Hansa Tst A?
980
1178 Hbrvest Glbl Pt Eq 1252
1210 Hend Euro Foc
1267K
168 Hend High Inc
184K
738 Hend Smlr
912
953K Herald
1240
1496 HgCapital Trust
1925
133K HICL Infra
144N
202K Highbridge Multi
224
98N Highbridge Multi
102N
725 ICG Ent Tr
860
225 Impax Env Mkts?
265
258O Invesco Asia Tr
287K
262K Invesco Inc&Gr
282
130O IPST Bal
141
192O IPST Gbl Eq?
204
100O IPST Managed
102
170 IPST UK Eq?
184K
76 IP Enhanced Inc
76
460Y IP UKSmallerCos
517
?
+
?
?
?
+
+
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+
+
?
?
?
?
+
+
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
12K
V
N
8
8
W
?
12
2
?
?
4
?
3X
6
?
1K
?
K
2
4
?
7K
3
1K
?
?
1
4
55
?
W
N
5
?
?
5
10
?
6
5
12K
2
1K
1
5
6
5K
1
1K
?
?
2K
4
1K
?
K
7
2V
4
?
?
?
2K
4
2K
2N
4
10
5
1K
1
?
1
2
1
2
?
?
?
?
V
7
2.7
3.5
4.2
2.0
1.8
?
3.5
?
2.2
?
?
?
?
?
?
5.0
1.7
3.0
1.6
3.3
2.0
5.1
1.4
1.7
4.0
?
9.8
1.6
2.1
2.0
?
2.0
5.1
4.1
2.3
5.1
0.8
3.4
?
?
1.6
0.2
2.3
3.3
4.1
0.9
1.5
3.6
4.8
?
3.7
4.7
1.1
1.0
2.0
?
1.7
1.8
6.4
1.5
?
?
1.6
1.6
?
2.3
5.0
2.0
?
2.3
5.4
?
?
2.4
0.9
1.4
3.8
?
3.3
?
3.5
6.5
1.4
33.2
3.8
0.1
-9.6
-5.0
-37.8
-5.4
8.0
0.6
-7.0
-7.3
-10.0
-12.4
-10.4
-4.7
-3.6
-2.5
5.2
-4.2
-4.0
-13.2
-5.1
-8.2
-7.9
-10.4
-51.0
3.7
-10.6
-8.1
-18.7
-26.1
-1.3
2.3
1.9
-8.8
-17.1
-12.8
-6.5
0.7
-25.5
-5.4
1.9
-9.9
1.4
0.2
0.4
-1.4
7.9
-8.4
-8.3
-9.3
-0.7
-2.5
-12.9
-10.7
-10.3
0.5
0.3
3.9
-12.9
-19.1
?
-27.5
-28.9
-17.9
-3.1
-0.4
-8.5
-13.1
2.4
-1.7
0.6
-4.5
-11.0
-2.2
-11.0
-10.9
0.8
-1.5
-1.1
-1.1
2.7
-3.5
140
418K
379
73N
341K
756
101
830
118K
930
337
175K
446
101O
142N
339K
?
?
?
?
?
785
465
460
1265
99O
558
1237K
304
794
342K
922
17
1835
648
1580
308
413
248K
171N
2210
513
515
825
850
817O
1307
98N
?
265
408K
41580
1204
117
170
112V
2015
1370
381K
484
302
235
190
564
381
891
486
176N
114K
1335
825
411
82K
92K
177K
231
159
?
499
1108
350
106
2679
109K JLaingInFr?
115V
366 JPM American?
389
308K JPM Asian?
356
59Y JPM Brazil
65N
220K JPM Chinese
293
661 JPM Claverhs?
748
99 JPM Elect Mg C
100K
735 JPM Elect Mg G
792K
106 JPM Elect Mg I
113
764 JPM Em Mkts
860
288 JPM Eur IT Gth
307K
150N JPM Eur IT Inc
161
360 JPM Euro Smlr
413
95 JPM Gl Conv
98
122 JPM GEMI
127
293N JPM GG&I
310
? JPM Inc&Cap Ord
?
? JPM Inc&Cap Uts
?
? JPM Inc&Cap ZDP
?
? JPM Inc&Gth Inc
?
? JPM Inc&Gth Cap
?
644 JPM Indian
717
324K JPM Jap Sml Co
426
339N JPM Japan
447
1004 JPM Mid Cap
1240
93K JPM Mlti-Ass
94Y
438O JPM Russian
494
883 JPM Smllr Co
1185
251 JPM US Sml?
288
664 Jupiter Euro Opps
759
299 Jupiter Prima
323
769 Jupiter US Smlr
895
7N Juridica Invsv
9V
1647K Keystone IT
1752K
552 Law Debenture
604
1460 Lowland
1540
270 Majedie
290
373K M Currie Pac
392
226 M Currie Port
238K
124K Marwyn Val In
128
1896 Mercantile IT?
2150
455 Merchants?
506
437 Mid Wynd
493
667 Monks Inv Tst
786
746 Montanaro Eur Sml 817K
724 Murray Income Trust 764
1164 Murray International?1184
91N Nb Global Floating?
93N
? P2P Glbl Invs
?
240 Pacific Assets
258K
333K Perpetual In&Gr
362K
38750 Personal Assets
39150
953K Polar Cap Tech
1156
113K Prm Eng & Wtr ZDP 115
109K Prem Glb & Inf
131K
101W Renewables Inf
106
1815 RIT Cap Ptnr
2005
1170 Riverstone
1232
286K Schroder TotRt?
359
386K Schrd Asia Pac
447
267 Schrod Inc Gwth
294
187N Schrod Jap Gwth
214
165 Schrod UK Gwth
189
488O Schrod UKMid
538
339K Scot American
363K
771 Scot IT?
836
377W Scot Mtge
481O
156 Secs Tst Scot
165K
104K Sequoia Eco?
108K
1180 Temple Bar
1292
663K Tplton Emg Mkt
732
331K TR Property
411
73 Troy Inc&Gth
76
85K UK Comm Prop Tst
89K
153 Utilico Ord
166K
212 Utilico Emerging Market212K
154V Utilico Fin ZDP 2018 159
? UtilFin RdZDP 2016
?
324 Vietnam Ent Inv
458
980 Witan
1054
306K Witan Pacific
329K
72 Woodford Patient Cap Tr74
2307 Ww Health
2430
?
?
?
?
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+
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The Sunday Times Rich List,
out May 13.
1098
4.4
19
246
C E L E B R AT I N G 3 0 Y E A R S
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1030
1306
1425
201N
912
1255
1930
174K
225
108Y
861
273
310K
308
144
212
102
193K
83K
524K
2.7
13K Steppe Cementv
652K
Price
Yld Dis(-)
(p) +/- % or Pm
498 Dialight
3
?
525 Stewart & Wight
W
12 month
High Low Company
655 Dewhurstv
23
3337
Price
Yld Dis(-)
(p) +/- % or Pm
1200
75X +
416O +
40K Croma Securityv
7.1
?
+
120K
4.9
525
545
Investment companies
12 month
High Low Company
39K
111
+
62K
? 22.1
64K Speymill Macauv
+
144X
318
51 Fletcher Kingv
K
426
36K SigmaRocv
105K Smart (J)
1011
240 Urban&Civic plc
71
?
48Y
+
11K
325
? -2.6
?
921 Shaftesbury
119X SIG
970
V 7.9 10.1
?
638V +
? -0.3
?
V
11K Secure Propertyv
480 SEGRO?
?
?
4V
9V 10.5 -9.5
842 Savills?
20K
541
?
3 Polo Resourcesv
?
1034
+
57K
325K ?
5W
635
391N Safestore
627
840
16K 4.0 11.8
588 Provident
52 Safelandv
288 Tyman?
573O ?
3265
550
540 Redrow?
622 Unite Group?
56
+
61K
382
44 First Propv
W
+
840
58
W EQTECv
116
56
?
?
5O
36N ?
52 Real Estate Invsv
? -1.5
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+
31K RDI REIT
63
?
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7N
13
40K
1K
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6.3 12.4
0.7 38.6
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1W 1.8 14.2
5580 Daejan
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75X
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118V ?
285 Cohortv
111K
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?
113W Cobham
450
182
?
?
148
?
1055
?
487W +
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6.3
+
310V
?
?
0.2
7005
445 Jupiter Fund Mgmt
V
110
?
20
6.8
7K 2.4
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
143
?
1
12 month
High Low Company
20 Raven Russia Wnts
664K
130K Raven Russia CRP
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
27
0.8
1K
9.8
124 Just Group?
610
?
154K
639
0.2 24.0
631W
79669O
82Y +
247
12 month
High Low Company
V 6.6 16.7
?
?
269O Countryside Properties 366W +
170W
38K
52K ?
1V Plutus PowerGenv
1097 Jardine Lyd Th?
625
233
253 Cap & Count Prop?
? PLUS MarketsvV
169K +
1116
? IRF Euro Fin Inv
1448
? 18.4
1.6
411N
1V
?
109K Caledonian Tstv
324O
2X
154K
1
350
249
?
347O
104K ?
2W 4.3 11.5
4W 5.2 12.1
461W Investec
88 Cenkos Secsv?
671O +
1K 4.7 17.1
648K
315 Charles Stanley
590K Br Land?
? 20.8
237O ?
3.7 22.6
122
691K
V
143W ?
157O IPF?
138V Intl Public Pntshp?
?
16Y 1.8 27.7
81K ?
32
254O
3.8
92V
61K
2.4 12.7
3K 3.6 18.2
779
166K
2.1
?
?
3
+
30V Phaunos Timber
4.6
Y 15.3
?
?
?
725K Phoenix Gp Hldgs?
9.3
5
1240
9.6
815
?
47X ?
894 Bovis Homes?
66
?
3.6
1.3 27.1
1.4
3
287
1252K
? -8.6
2.9 12.3
2.2 14.9
?
K
251 Boot (Henry)?
7.0
75V Breedon GroupvV
2
?
2
781 Intermediate Cap
36K
347
?
W
+
15
?
434
172K
90 Impaxv
?
17K ?
361O ?
209K
3Y 3.9 16.0
1.7 27.1
249O ?
2V
277
?
393
?
937
217K Billington Hldgsv
?
188 Old Mutual
1.3
722 Big Yellow Group
2
3278
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
297K
817K
3242 Metro Bank
12 month
High Low Company
937
1X Metal Tigerv
362O Onesavings Bank?
?
? -0.4
1.0 28.6
730 Mattioli Woodsv
257O
?
1178
5877W ?
470N
115
?
77
?
18K 1.6 37.9
202X ?
?
1N
11V 3.6 18.9
601
V
Y Marechale Capv
?
178Y Barclays
V Blue Star Capitalv
12K +
269W ?
1793
439O Beazley
3226 BGEO Group
?
181W ?
7O Manx Finv
1848X 1531W Nat Aust Bk
217
X
148X Man?
6170K 5266O Marsh McLn
601
3868
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
70
1535W +
535
12 month
High Low Company
20W
2K
55
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
5
1.1
?
4852
1987 NMC Health
Y Physiomicsv
29K Premier Veterinary
2O Proteome Sciesv
28K Realm Therapeuticsv
5443 Reckitt Benck?
? 110
3512
5617K ?
7
3.7 23.1
?
34Y ?
3O ?
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N
34K +
?
5560
X Sareum Hldgsv
2953K Shire
28
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3843
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0.3 57.1
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? -1.2
? -4.8
? -2.6
60
2.9 11.7
?
? 33.0
51K 0.5 11.1
the times | Friday May 4 2018
51
1G M
Equity prices Business
12 month
High Low Company
245K 72Y Silence Therapv
34O 14O Sinclair Pharmav
1431 1215 Smith & Neph?
361
206 Spire Hcare
242K 142K Summit Corpv
417K 280 Swallowfieldv?
14N
6Y Synairgenv
16
5X Tissue Regenixv
225N 81 Tiziana Lifev
317K 188 Tristelv
959
740 UDG Healthcare
7X
Y ValiRxv
149Y 68W Vectura Grp
19Y
2Y Vernalisv
197K 102K Verona Pharmav
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
165K
15N
1302K
227W
195
310
14N
11N
81
300
926
3N
79O
3O
155
?
+
?
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?
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?
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2K
W
98
O
?
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1
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3K
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1.6
?
1.6
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1.3
1.0
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-3.0
20.0
34.4
?
17.3
-4.8
-7.7
-8.5
36.9
43.0
-1.7
-6.3
-0.4
-6.6
73W Accsys Tech
6923Y BASF
7778K Bayer DM50
167K Biome Techv
2X Byotrolv
8X Camb Gbl Timberv
89K Cloudcall Groupv
60O Coats Grp?
3675 Croda?
1K Cronin Gpv
1395 Cropper (James)v
259 Elementis?
685 Evans (M.P.)v?
1N Hardidev
46X Inspiration Healthv
? Intl Ferro Metals#
4312V Jardine Math
2705Y Jardine Strat
2727 Johnson Math
1693 Mondi?
104 Plastics Capitalv
69 Robinsonv
395N Scapav
421X Smith (DS)
659Y Swire Pacific
10V Symph Environv
33369K Syngenta
460 Synthomer
2959O Takeda Pharm
Y TyraTech Incv
9K Velocysv
1832 Victrex
405 Wynnstay Groupv
281O Zotefoams?
78K
7572N
8823O
375
2Y
9K
181
78X
4457
3W
1435
278
748
1K
54
Y
4432N
2733
3272
1894K
118K
70
402O
528W
722
25O
35821W
484K
3032
2N
13K
2686
457K
562
? 1
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? 131K 3.5
+ 30Y 2.7
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26.6
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18.7
24.9
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25.7
15.6
24.9
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40.9
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5.9
5.2
16.6
15.4
15.3
13.4
28.5
26.0
4.4
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41.3
22.4
19.1
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23.1
14.3
41.5
763
534K Daily Mail
687
245 DCD Mediav
559
14O
12V Dods Gpv
13
123K
66 Ebiquityv?
69
O
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329W
216 Entertainmnt One
1346
1035 Euromoney In Inv
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4.1
4.7
285V +
1.5 15.3
98N
55K G3 Exploration#
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7V
4N Galantas Goldv
13V 0.4 73.1
1314
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1.9 40.2
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9
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112V ?
1W 0.6 19.6
456K ?
2K 0.9 29.6
118
90O Gocompare.com?
317K IG Design Grpv
34K
19 Immedia Grpv
11W
6K Ind News&Med
27
?
8V +
641K Informa?
756K ?
195N
142K ITE Group
148O +
211K
142W ITV?
150
38O
890
21K Jaywingv
556K Just Eat
47K
412
18 Live Company Gpv
292 M&C Saatchiv
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2.6
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397
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2
7N MBL Groupv
7N ?
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2W
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366K
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796K ?
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39K Mission Mktgv
?
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50K
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17X
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1181K +
1Y 3.2 21.3
11
1.2
370 Next 15 Commsv
482K +
2K 1.1 45.9
830
?
3O 4.7 16.6
161
? Primorus Invv
?
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117
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132O Highlnd Gd Mnv?
149K
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59
1.4 12.8
+
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85K ?
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2785K 1792V 21st Cent Fox Inc A 2674N ?
38
2756V 1753W 21st Cent Fox Inc B 2630W ?
37X 1.0 16.6
1Y Vitesse Mediav
215 Wilmington
1094 WPP
1V
378W
989
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? -4.8
6.5
3.7
1.0 16.9
1K 2.2 28.4
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248K
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4.4
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5.2
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1274
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321X ZPG
+
X
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370K +
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3K 1.5 43.0
115K
3W
1Y
115N
70
1
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5K
531K
1X
22V
856 Pershing Square
956
?
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?
133K Acacia Mining
17X
240V 888 Hldgs?
1560 Accesso Techv
185 Best of the Bestv
? Boxhill Techv
4468 Carnival
6X Cathay Intl
96K Celticv
97Y Cineworld
263W Domino's Pizza
115 EI Group
896 Fullr Sm A
6X Gaming Realmsv
64 Goals Socr Cntrv
458Y Greene King
737K GVC Holdings?
392K Heavitreev
170 Heavitree Av
82K Hermes Pacificv
3668 Intercont Htls?
559 Jackpotjoy
100O Mandarin Orntl
99O Marston's
318W Merlin Ents?
431Y Millen & Cop?
4O Minoan Gpv
221 Mitch & Butlers
6665 PP Betfair?
87K Peel Hotelsv
N Prospexv
169W Rank Grp
230W Restaurant Gp
9 Richoux Grpv
51 Rotalav
37K Sportech
455O SSP Group
11 Tastyv
88K Thomas Cook
1109 TUI
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958 Wetherspoon JD?
3512 Whitbread
240 William Hill?
1300 Young & Co - Av
1025 Young & Co - N/Vv
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1.9
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2.2
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17.7
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28.7
36.6
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11.5
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9.2
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13.9
27.9
18.3
16.4
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26.9
20.7
3Y 7digital Gpv
23 Aeorema Commsv
49 Altitude Groupv
55K Arcontech Grpv
315K Ascential
157N Bloomsbury Pub
58K Catalyst Mediav
? Catenaev
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109 Cello Healthv?
45 Centaur Media
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? -0.2
2088O +
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1843K
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751 Antofagasta?
983K +
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3W 1.4 39.0
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139
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60 Petra Diamonds
4W
32N
823K
2K
8K
1X Petrel Resourcesv
5W Petro Matadv
349 Petrofac?
1N Petroneft Resv
6N Petropavlovsk
3K
?
9.8
?
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18O
5 Providence Resv
?
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10O
6 Rambler Met&Minv
1Y
1660
5V Beowulf Miningv
7N
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1117 BHP Billiton
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2W Proton Power Sysv
5572 Randgold Res?
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13 China Nonferrous Gold Ltdv13
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5726Y 4400K Schlumberger
91
22V Serica Energyv
84O +
3V Shanta Goldv
5Y
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2X Shearwater Grpv
21Y Sirius Minerals
90X SOCO Intl
102
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3
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81
39O Sound Energyv
16
12Y Sterling Energyv
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4 Spitfire Oilv
? -6.5
8X
3 Europa Oil&Gasv
3K
?
?
490
+
14
7.9
?
4.4 13.8
V
? Tri-Star Resv
157O
68 Exillon Energy
70K +
1K
?
3.9
238X
137O
75K Faroe Petrolv
137O +
7K
?
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V
? Union Jack Oil Plcv
231
5K 1.1
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145K Tullow Oil
?
227
?
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630 Latham (J)v
357K Lok'n Storev?
1825 Lon Securityv
202 LSL Prop Services?
58K Macfarlane
615 Maintel Hldgsv?
2W Malvern Intlv
2.2 18.0
4K 2.0 32.1
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3.6
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5.0 13.2
2X 9.1 -2.8
48
233N ?
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662K ?
426K ?
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725
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5
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106 Water Intelv
255
?
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503
268 Xaar
363K +
5
1399
19N Game Digital
1056 Greggs?
58
?
35K +
1233
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2
2.5 22.1
382W
307W Halfords
376K +
V 4.6 13.7
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399K Howden Join
510
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880K
670 Inchcape
740
+
5
3.3 11.5
456
303N JD Sports
393
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1
0.3 19.1
368
278O Kingfisher?
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82 Lookers?
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101K ?
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310 Majestic Winev
418
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4K 1.2 99.5
395K
264K Marks Spencer
285N ?
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204 Morrison (W)
242K +
2Y 2.2 16.0
120
44 Moss Bros
49
132
14X Mothercare
19Y +
5320
597K
3617 Next
238X Ocado Gp
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20N Pendragon?
219K
213
302
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149 Pets at Home
149
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109K Saga
135K ?
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1664 Smith WH
4141W 3084V Sothebys
419K
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284K Sports Direct Intl
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2320 Ted Baker
166K Tesco
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60O Topps Tiles
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175K Amino Techsv
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392K Murgitroydv
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413K Restorev
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55O Bradyv
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102K
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344K RWS Hldgsv
373K +
539
84K ?
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3W Forbidden Techv
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330O GB Groupv
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147K GreshamTech?
185
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6K 1.5 34.2
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119K +
112 Ingentav
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Morningstar or this publication
the times | Friday May 4 2018
1G M
53
RM
Versatile singer who
founded the Ladybirds
Maggie Stredder
Page 54
Register
Obituaries
Sir Andrew Gilbart
Judge who took a hard line with rioters in 2011 and was nicknamed ?Mr Big? after his bank mistakenly suspected him of money laundering
MANCHESTER EVENING NEWS SYNDICATION
The fatal shooting of Mark Duggan by
police officers in north London on
August 4, 2011, sparked some of the
most widespread series of public
disorders in recent British history. After
a demonstration outside Tottenham
police station had descended into
violence, riots swept across London
and several other cities. In Manchester
and Salford police attended 719 incidents in 36 hours.
The focus of the disorder was looting
and arson. In total 155 fires were reported, and firefighters and police officers
came under sustained attack, with 20 of
them injured. Damage was caused to
147 premises and the cost of repair ran
into millions of pounds. The public
demanded severe penalties for offenders and HHJ Gilbart, QC, the honorary
recorder of Manchester, was ready to
respond on behalf of his adopted city.
A southerner who had made his way
to the north by chance nearly 40 years
earlier, Gilbart had grown to love the
area. Describing the effects of what had
happened as ?heartbreaking?, he not
only sent many offenders to custody for
long periods, but also appeared to lay
down sentencing guidelines for a range
of riot-related offences even wider than
those with which he was dealing at that
time. Appeals against such ?disproportionately severe sentences? soon followed; Lord Thomas of Cwymgiedd,
the lord chief justice at the time,
described Gilbart?s remarks as ?inappropriate?.
rt
While the Court
ed
of Appeal disagreed
mwith Gilbart assumding the role of providning national sentench
cing guidelines, much
id
of what he had said
was adopted, and alnmost all of the senut
tences he handed out
art
were approved. Gilbart
took the criticism in
good part and, to his
as
huge pleasure, was
he
even hailed ?hero of the
ist
week? by one socialist
website
when
he
ce
quashed a jail sentence
ad
for a woman who had
H
dishonestly received a pair of short
shorts. He
took it as a good sign that he should be
condemned and praised for being
tough and lenient in the same week.
As a newly qualified barrister in the
1970s Gilbart learnt his trade by undertaking work of all types, mainly crime,
which stood him in good stead; he loved
arguing and relished cross-examination. However, after a meaningful conversation with his bank manager about
his overdraft, Gilbart ?wandered into
the world of the planning inquiry?. As
he recalled: ?Spike Clothier, QC, once
said that all you need at the planning
Bar is a loud voice and a good suit. Well,
I had the voice so all I needed was the
suit, which, given my figure, had to
come from Cammell Laird.?
By the 1980s Gilbart had become an
established planning counsel and he
concentrated on that field of practice
for the rest of his Bar career. He took
silk in 1991 and was involved in several
big inquiries. With an enthusiasm,
intellect and eye for detail matching his
physique, Gilbart indulged his passion
Although he could be fearsome in
court Gilbart was not slow to demonstrate his strong sense of fair play. In
2012 he expressed ?considerable
concerns? about the ability of Dale
Cregan, who was charged with four
murders, including two police officers,
to receive a fair trial after inappropriate
comments had been broadcast about
the case, including from politicians ?of
the greatest seniority?. This was
probably a veiled reference to the prime
minister at the time, David Cameron.
?Whether or not this defendant is guilty
of this or any other crime is a matter for
the jury to consider, and not for the
press, broadcasting media, internet
sites, police or politicians,? he said.
Gilbart?s appointment to the High
Court bench was announced in May,
2013, but it coincided almost to the day
with his diagnosis of cancer. He was
eventually sworn in as Mr Justice
Gilbart on October 1, 2014, and was
knighted the next year.
In 2015 Gilbart sparked controversy
when he ruled against Eric Pickles, the
secretary of state for communities and
local government, in a judicial review
concerning Gypsy and Traveller sites.
Pickles had decided to reserve all
decisions regarding planning permis-
?Gilbart was not shy about
coming forward to enter
the forensic debate?
Sir Andrew Gilbart in 2004. His son, also a judge, said that his father loved
a good argument. Left: a shop on fire during the Manchester riots in 2011
for interrogating engineers
on ?junction modelling? and other recondite topics. As Lord Justice Holroyde
remarked: ?There is scarcely a motorway, trunk road or shopping development in [Greater Manchester] in which
he did not have a hand, and his national
practice in securing planning permission for motorway service areas was so
extensive that he had a justified claim to
have at least one named after him.?
The high point of Gilbart?s career at
the Bar was his work on the fiercely
contested inquiry into the second runway for Manchester airport in 1996-97.
He was the junior of two silks representing Manchester Airport plc until
his leader was appointed a judge and
abruptly left the case. Untroubled by
this turn of events, Gilbart took his
opportunity to steer the controversial
proposal home. He admitted that the
responsibility had placed him under
pressure, at least until the day when one
of the environmentalist parties objecting to the development opted to
present his evidence in rhyming couplets, complete with recorder accompa-
niment. He thought he had woken up in
the middle of a Monty Python sketch.
Another unexpected development
occurred when he deposited his substantial fee for the case and his bank
launched a money-laundering investigation, thinking he might be a drug
dealer. Gilbart was, initially at least, not
amused by his new nickname ?Mr Big?.
Andrew James Gilbart was born in
Sussex in 1950. His Cornish father,
Tom, and his American mother, Carol,
were teachers, and it was through them
that he acquired a good memory and a
He took it as a good sign
that he was praised and
condemned in one week
passion for arguing. He was educated at
Westminster School and, inspired by
his barrister godfather, went on to read
law at Trinity Hall, Cambridge. He was
called to the Bar (Middle Temple) in
1972 and in the following year joined
Kings Chambers (then Bow Lane
Chambers) in Manchester. During his
early years he supplemented his
income working as a night lawyer for
the Daily Mirror. He remained at Kings
Chambers until his appointment as a
circuit judge in 2004. He was joint head
of chambers from 2001-04 and was a
leading influence in its growth.
As one of his former pupils, Nicholas
Braslavsky, QC, recalled, whether it
was landfill site litigation, holding forth
on 13th-century Albigensian monks, or
opening the bowling (and the batting)
for the chambers cricket team, Gilbart
?did everything with enthusiasm?.
In 1979 he married Morag Williamson, a textile artist. They had two children: Tom, who was appointed as a
crown court recorder in 2018, and Ruth,
a local authority planning officer. The
marriage was dissolved in 2001. He
married Paula Whittell, a solicitor, in
2003 and found himself stepfather to
three more children: Hannah, who is a
solicitor; Sam, who is a chemistry
teacher, and Ted, a finance manager.
Gilbart?s full-time judicial career
began in 2004 when he was appointed
a circuit judge based in the crown court
at Preston. The next year he was
authorised to sit as a deputy High Court
judge in the administrative court. In
2008 he was appointed senior circuit
judge and honorary recorder of Manchester, where he remained for five
years until his appointment to the
benches of the High Court.
As a judge Gilbart was not known for
diffidence and, as Sir Brian Leveson
recently remarked, he ?was not shy
about coming forward and entering the
forensic debate?. On one occasion in
Manchester crown court he expounded at length about the weaknesses of
the case before him. It was only after he
had finished his analysis that prosecuting counsel was able to explain that the
case had been listed only that morning
because the defendant was now going
to plead guilty to the indictment.
sion and enforcement in such cases to
himself, but Gilbart ruled that this was
unlawful because it indirectly discriminated against Travellers.
Another of Gilbart?s judgments
ruffled feathers in Kensington and
Chelsea in 2017 when he found in
favour of a property developer who had
painted the front of her multimillionpound home in red and white stripes.
The local authority had served a notice
requiring her to paint it white on the
basis that it was ?incongruous with the
streetscape?, but Gilbart ruled that the
royal borough?s sense of aesthetics
could not stop owners painting their
homes to resemble boiled sweets.
Away from court Gilbart had wide
interests. He enjoyed pantomime and
Ken Dodd as much as Shakespeare, and
preferred Muddy Waters and Joe Bonamassa to grand opera. A family man
who was proud of his children and
loved telling corny jokes to his grandchildren, Gilbart also enjoyed spending
time in his cottage in the Ari鑗e in
southwestern France, chopping wood
and watching eagles fly overhead.
Although he regarded his appointment to the High Court bench as the
pinnacle of his legal career, and relished
mixing with the upper echelons of the
judiciary, he was down to earth enough
to admit that he enjoyed life on the
bench most of all when a fellow lawyer
from the Northern Circuit appeared
before him. As his son, Tom, put it:
?He basically loved having a good
argument.?
Sir Andrew James Gilbart, planning
lawyer and High Court judge, was born
on February 13, 1950. He died from
cancer on March 19, 2018, aged 68,
11 days before he was due to retire
554
1G M
Friday May 4 2018 | the times
Register
Johan van Hulst
Teacher who risked his life with an ingenious scheme to save hundreds of Jewish children in Holland from the Holocaust
HOLLANDSE HOOGTE/EYEVINE, GETTY IMAGES
Johan van Hulst never regarded himself as a hero, despite the many accolades he received for his courageous
work in Nazi-occupied Amsterdam
when he is credited with saving the lives
of up to 600 Jewish children.
An academic, teacher and first-class
chess player who also enjoyed a distinguished career in politics after the war,
Van Hulst made it quite clear he was not
interested in living up to the myth that
people tried to build around him. Three
years ago he said he had ?resolutely
closed the book? on his past actions and
that he had no inclination to play the
part of a ?resistance hero?.
Yet he admitted something more
profound ? that at the age of 104 he
was still thinking about the children he
could not save. Perhaps what Van Hulst
had in mind was a day in the summer of
1943 when he had to make a decision on
which 12 of the 80 children in the
cr鑓he he was helping to run should be
saved from the concentration camps.
Van Hulst had been working as a
lecturer at a Calvinist teacher training
college in Amsterdam in the predominantly Jewish neighbourhood of
Plantage when the war broke out. By
1942 he had become its principal, after
saving the college from closure by raising money from students? parents when
the government withdrew funding.
Across the road was the imposing
Hollandsche Schouwburg, a former
theatre seized by the Nazis in 1941 and
turned into a deportation centre for
Jews. Historians believe that almost
50,000 people were deported from the
theatre over 18 months. It is now a
museum and Holocaust memorial.
The Nazis separated children under
the age of 12 from their parents and
placed them in a cr鑓he across the road
prior to deporting them. It was next to
Van Hulst?s college, and when it was full
the authorities asked him to make
available a room for the overspill. Van
Hulst had already been trying to help
people escape from the theatre by
falsifying records. Now he saw an
opportunity to deceive the Nazis and
their collaborators on a much bigger
scale by spiriting children away from
the college to safe houses.
With Walter Suskind, a Germanborn Jew who was charged with running the theatre and registering local
Jews, and Henriette Pimentel, who ran
the Jewish nursery, Van Hulst coordinated an ingenious system by
which hundreds of children vanished
from official records after they were
separated from their parents. They
were moved by the students, who
would load the children into laundry
baskets or ride them out on bicycles as
if they were their own sons or daughters. Often these delicate manoeuvres
were pulled off when passing trams
stopped outside the college, temporarily obscuring the view of SS officers
across the road.
Van Hulst put on a show of distaste
for the Jews, as if he wanted nothing to
do with them. At one point he publicly
castigated his students who were staring at SS guards across the street.
In June 1943 there was a delicate
moment when an education ministry
official, an Inspector Fieringa, was sent
to oversee exams at Van Hulst?s college.
Coming across some children waiting
in the building, Fieringa asked Van
Hulst: ?Are those Jewish children??
Fearful that he was about to be arrested,
Van Hulst paused before finally
answering: ?You don?t really expect me
to answer that, do you?? Luckily for Van
Hulst, Fieringa was happy to turn a
blind eye. Shaking Van Hulst?s hand,
he whispered: ?In God?s name be
careful . . .?
The scheme saved hundreds of
young lives, but in September 1943 the
Nazis closed the cr鑓he down. The
remaining 80 children were to be sent
to the camps and Van Hulst and his network reckoned they could save no more
Johan van Hulst in
2015. Right: Jews
being rounded up
in the Netherlands
in 1943
than 12. ?Taking in 80 children was impossible,? said Van Hulst, who later
went into hiding after one of his helpers
gave up his name under torture. ?I had
to choose. But who? I chose 12 children,
all of them 5 to 12 years old. They could
walk ? and fast if necessary.?
In an interview with researchers at
Yad Vashem, Israel?s official memorial
to the victims of the Holocaust, Van
Hulst returned to the subject. ?Try to
imagine 80, 90, perhaps 70 or 100 children standing there, and you have to
decide which children to take with you,?
he said. ?That was the most difficult day
of my life . . . you know for a fact that the
children you leave behind are going to
die. I took 12 with me. Later on I asked
myself, ?Why not 13?? ?
In 2012 Van Hulst received a visit
from Benjamin Netanyahu, the Israeli
prime minister, who asked why he had
been prepared to risk execution. ?There
was only one way to escape from the
cr鑓he and that was from [the college].
And I ? and not only I, but students
from the University of Amsterdam and
from Utrecht ? saved more than
500 children, but less than a thousand,?
he said. In a separate interview he
explained that he could not have done
it without ?the help of God and people
like Inspector Fieringa?.
Netanyahu presented Van Hulst with
a Hebrew bible in appreciation of his
efforts. ?It is said that whoever saves a
single life, it is as if he has saved the
whole world,? Netanyahu told him,
quoting the Talmudic
phrase. ?And you
saved hundreds.
On behalf of the
Jewish people and
all of humanity, I
would like to
thank you.?
Van Hulst was
an outspoken critic
of the way Dutch
Jews were treated
after the war. ?The
Jews who returned were not welcomed,? he said. ?Some Jews who
returned from the camps were not
compensated for their property and
some were even required to pay city tax
and utility bills for their time in the
camps.? He was outspoken too about
the level of collaboration with the
Nazis, which, he said, made it difficult to
find safe houses in Amsterdam.
Also in his line of fire was the Dutch
Chess Federation. Van Hulst alleged
that the organisation did little to help
its Jewish members escape. He said 250
of its players were killed.
Johan Wilhelm van Hulst was born
in 1911 in Amsterdam to Gerrit van
Hulst and his wife, Geertruida (n閑
Hofman). His father was a furniture
upholsterer, his mother a housewife.
Van Hulst gained a master?s degree in
psychology and pedagogy from the
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam and a
PhD in humanities.
In 1933, Van Hulst had an operation
on his tonsils and while in hospital met
Anna Janetta Donker. The couple soon
married and had two daughters, Catharina Koot-van Hulst and Diane
Schoonemann-van Hulst. There are
two grandchildren and three greatgrandchildren.
His wife died in 2006. To protect her
during the war, he did not tell her that
he was engaged in saving the Jewish
children.
Afterwards Van Hulst turned to politics as a member of the Christian Democratic Appeal Party. He was a member
of the Dutch senate from 1956 to 1981
and of the European Parliament for
Benjamin Netanyahu gave
him a Hebrew bible in
appreciation of his efforts
much of the 1960s. He was honoured by
Yad Vashem in 1972 as Righteous
Among the Nations.
He wrote numerous scientific publications and books, his last at 95. He was
a lifelong chess player and in the 1930s
held the Dutch grandmaster Max Euwe
to a draw. He was once invited to play
for the Dutch team at a Chess Olympiad, but had to decline for fear of losing
his job. Van Hulst was still winning
amateur tournaments at the age of 99.
In 2011, when he reached his 100th
birthday, the Amsterdam Chess Club
published a biography of its most
famous member entitled Johan Van
Hulst. The subtitle was: ?Chess as a
lifelong sublime side issue.?
Johan Van Hulst, teacher and politician,
was born on January 28, 1911. He died
on March 22, 2018, aged 107
Maggie Stredder
Singer whose Ladybirds group became a fixture on Top of the Pops and backed Sandie Shaw, Benny Hill and Jimi Hendrix
REX/SHUTTERSTOCK
When Maggie Stredder was preparing
to appear in the launch episode of Britain?s first all-music teenage TV show Oh
Boy! she took off her horn-rimmed
spectacles and placed them carefully in
a case, only to be instructed by the producer Jack Good to put them back on.
Good?s eye for a saleable gimmick
was unerring. Disproving Dorothy
Parker?s dictum that ?men seldom
make passes at girls who wear glasses?,
Stredder?s bespectacled appearance,
singing with the Vernons Girls alongside Cliff Richard and Marty Wilde,
made her an overnight sensation.
The ITV switchboard was jammed
with viewers demanding to know who
she was, although most of the public
didn?t bother with her name: she was
?the girl with the glasses?.
She later formed the Ladybirds, who
became ubiquitous on TV throughout
the 1960s and 1970s, not least on Top of
the Pops, on which they appeared
weekly as the house singers.
Stredder and her group provided
harmony vocals for Sandie Shaw singing Puppet on a String at the 1967 Eurovision Song Contest on, for Jimi Hendrix on his first hit Hey Joe, and for Benny Hill on his chart-topping Ernie. Hill
subsequently spoofed the Ladybirds in
a 1972 TV sketch, playing Stredder in
wig and glasses. The clip, in which he
sings, ?Titty bum bum, fat and large,? to
the feigned shock of the other ?girls?, is
a YouTube favourite to this day.
Margaret Elizabeth Stredder was
braced it. In 1957 they appeared on Jack
Good?s Six-Five Special, the BBC?s first,
faltering attempt at teenage programming. A year later, when Good moved
to ITV and launched Oh Boy!, he recruited the Vernons Girls, who became
the only act to appear in all 38 shows.
They were paid � a week and for
the best part of a year lived in the
Colonnade Hotel in Maida Vale, which
the girls and their entourage took over.
When Oh Boy! became a ratings hit,
To most of the public
she was known as ?the
girl with the glasses?
The Ladybirds in 1969, with Gloria George, Maggie Stredder and Marian Davies
born in Birkenhead on the Wirral peninsula, the younger of two children. Her
father, John Stredder, was a shipbuilder
at Cammell Laird, and her mother,
Cissie (n閑 Mountford), a housewife.
Her childhood was ?impoverished, but
loving?, and after leaving Birkenhead
High School at 16 she took a job as a
secretary with the local council.
The biggest employers of female
labour on Merseyside were the football
pools companies Littewoods and Ver-
nons, with thousands of women checking the weekly coupons. Both set up
choirs, the Littlewoods Songsters and
the Vernons Girls. Bored with secretarial duties, Stredder joined the latter.
Initially the repertoire of the
16-strong troupe consisted of songs
from musicals and classical pieces such
as Purcell?s Nymphs and Shepherds;
their TV debut came on Come Dancing.
However, the dawn of rock?n?roll was
imminent, and the Vernons Girls em-
they asked for a pay rise, but were
refused on the grounds that the hotel
package, which included free meals,
was worth more in fringe benefits than
they were receiving in wages.
When Oh Boy! ended in 1959, the ITV
boss Bernard Delfont offered the Vernons? three lead vocalists, Stredder,
Barbara Mitchell and Jean Ryder, a
three-month slot at the London Palladium. Stredder and Ryder left soon
after and, calling themselves Two
Tones, headed for Germany, where
they toured US military bases.
Returning to Britain in 1962, Stredder
teamed up with Gloria George and
Marian Davies to form the Ladybirds,
who became a fixture on TV shows
hosted by Val Doonican, Cilla Black
and Lulu. Stredder also sang back-up
for Dusty Springfield on her show.
By the 1970s it seemed that almost no
BBC light entertainment show was
complete without Stredder and the
Ladybirds. In addition to appearing in
more than 60 episodes of The Benny
Hill Show, they were seen on The
Morecambe and Wise Show, The Two
Ronnies, and The Generation Game.
The Ladybirds were later renamed
the Maggie Stredder Singers, but in
1989 Stredder reformed the Vernons
Girls to perform at Wembley Arena in a
30th-anniversary celebration of Cliff
Richard?s career. It led to further concerts on the nostalgia circuit.
She was married for more than 20
years to Ray Tuvey, who wrote scripts
for Frankie Howerd, Spike Milligan,
Mike Yarwood and the Two Ronnies,
among others. They divorced in 1988
and she married Jim Kennedy, a booking agent who had been head of entertainment at Pontins. He died in 2015.
In 2001 she wrote a memoir, The Girl
With the Glasses, to which Richard
contributed a foreword. The book led to
a new career in which she toured
Women?s Institutes and Rotary Clubs,
entertaining those of a certain age with
tales of Billy Fury and Adam Faith and
other stars from pop music?s distant age
of innocence.
Maggie Stredder, singer, was born on
January 9, 1936. She died on March 9,
2018, aged 82
the times | Friday May 4 2018
55
1G M
Register
Court Circular
Births, Marriages and Deaths
Buckingham
Palace
3rd May, 2018
His Excellency
Mr Tran Ngoc An
was received in
audience by The Queen today and
presented the Letters of Recall of his
predecessor and his own Letters of
Credence as Ambassador from the
Socialist Republic of Vietnam to the Court
of St James?s. Mrs Doan Thi Phuong
Dung was also received by Her Majesty.
His Excellency Mr Rui Jorge Carneiro
Mangueira was received in audience by
The Queen and presented the Letters of
Recall of his predecessor and his own
Letters of Credence as Ambassador from
the Republic of Angola to the Court of St
James?s. Mrs Maria Silvina Caetano was
also received by Her Majesty.
Sir Simon McDonald (Permanent
Under-Secretary of State for Foreign and
Commonwealth Affairs) was present.
The Duke of Buccleuch and
Queensberry was received by The Queen
when Her Majesty invested him with the
Insignia of a Knight Brethren of the Most
Ancient and Most Noble Order of the
Thistle.
The Queen and The Duke of
Edinburgh were represented by Mrs
Michael Gordon Lennox (Lady in
Waiting) at the Service of Thanksgiving
for the Life of Lieutenant Commander
Robert de Pass RN which was held at St
Mary?s Church, Petworth, West Sussex,
this afternoon.
A generous person will prosper;
Clarence House
3rd May, 2018
The Prince Charles, Duke of Rothesay,
President, The Prince?s Foundation, this
morning held a Meeting at Dumfries
House, Cumnock, Ayrshire.
His Royal Highness, Patron, afterwards
held a Meeting for the International
Network for Traditional Building,
Architecture and Urbanism.
The Prince Charles, Duke of Rothesay,
President, subsequently held a Meeting
for The Prince?s Foundation.
His Royal Highness, President, The
Prince?s Foundation, later attended a
Seminar at Dumfries House.
The Prince of Wales, President, this
evening held a Dinner at Dumfries House
for supporters of The Prince?s Foundation.
Kensington Palace
3rd May, 2018
The Duke of Cambridge, Patron, Defence
and National Rehabilitation Centre, this
evening held a Dinner at Buckingham
Palace.
Buckingham Palace
3rd May, 2018
The Duke of York, Patron, Whitgift
School, this morning opened The Duke of
York Water Garden at Whitgift School,
Haling Park, South Croydon, Surrey.
Buckingham Palace
3rd May, 2018
The Earl of Wessex, Chairman of the
Board of Trustees, The Duke of
Edinburgh?s International Award
Foundation, today visited Radley College,
Abingdon, as part of His Royal Highness?s
The Duke of Edinburgh?s Award Real
Tennis Tour and was received by Her
Majesty?s Lord-Lieutenant of Oxfordshire
(Mr Timothy Stevenson).
His Royal Highness, Trustee, The
Duke of Edinburgh?s Award, this evening
attended a Dinner at Blenheim Palace,
Woodstock, Oxfordshire.
The Countess of Wessex, Patron, Lions
Clubs International, Multiple District 105,
British Isles and Ireland, this afternoon
held a Meeting.
Buckingham Palace
3rd May, 2018
The Princess Royal, Patron, Women?s
Royal Naval Service Benevolent Trust,
today attended the Annual General
Meeting and Reception at the National
Museum of the Royal Navy, HM Naval
Base, Portsmouth, and was received by
Her Majesty?s Lord-Lieutenant of
Hampshire (Mr Nigel Atkinson).
Her Royal Highness, President, British
Olympic Association, this afternoon
attended an Executive Board Meeting at
60 Charlotte Street, London W1.
The Princess Royal, Master, the
Corporation of Trinity House, this
evening attended the United Nations
International Maritime Organisation?s
United Nations Chief Executive Board
Dinner at Trinity House, Tower Hill,
London EC3.
Kensington Palace
3rd May, 2018
The Duke of Gloucester, Patron, Royal
Academy Schools, this afternoon received
Ms Rebecca Salter (Keeper, Royal
Academy).
St James?s Palace
3rd May, 2018
The Duke of Kent this morning unveiled
the restored cap badge which was carved
into the hillside at Buxbury Hollow,
Sutton Mandeville, Salisbury, by the Royal
Warwickshire Regiment during World
War I and was received by Her Majesty?s
Lord-Lieutenant of Wiltshire (Mrs Peter
Troughton).
His Royal Highness this afternoon
visited Wilton Carpets, 2 Wilton Shopping
Village, King Street, Wilton, Wiltshire.
whoever refreshes others will be
refreshed. Proverbs 11.25 (NIV)
Bible verses provided by Bible Society
Births
HYLANDER
On�th燗pril�18爐o燛llie
Harrison璕ead燼nd燩hillip
Hylander,燼爏on,燡ack燞ero
Hylander,燽rother爐o燣ola燼nd燝us
KEVIS燨n�th燗pril�18爐o燤elissa
(n閑燙ameron)燼nd燛dward,燼爏on,
Milo,燽rother爐o燗lfie.燝randson爁or
Sally燼nd營an燼nd燙lare燼nd燣ionel.
VILLA燨n�th燗pril�18爐o燚aisy
(n閑燩arker)燼nd燬asha,燼燿aughter,
Gaia燤aria.
WEBB
On�h燤arch�18爐o燣ucy
Madeleine燱atson燼nd燱illiam
Stopford燱ebb,燼爏on,燜rank
William,燽rother爐o燬idney
Stopford燱ebb
WEISSBERG
On�t燤ay�18爐o燤arie�(n閑
Doyle)燼nd燭im,燼爏on,燙assidy
Frederick燡ohn,燽rother爐o燩olly
www.newsukadvertising.co.uk
HART燛lsie�(Red)爌assed燼way
peacefully爋n�th燗pril�18,燼ged�.
Reunited爓ith爉uch-loved爃usband
Cyril.燬he爓ill燽e爏adly爉issed燼nd
always爄n爋ur爃earts.燭he爁uneral
service爓ill爐ake爌lace爋n燤onday�st
May�18,�30pm,燼t燤edway
Crematorium.燜lowers爋r燿onations,爄f
desired,爁or爐he燱orld燱ildlife燜und,
may燽e爏ent燾/o燡ohn燱eir燜uneral
Directors,�0-132燞igh燬treet,
Rainham,燢ent,燤E8�R.燭elephone
01634�3111.
HOWARD-HARRISON Phyllis燬heila
(n閑燤oody)燿ied爌eacefully爋n�th
April�18,燼ged�. Hugely爈oved
mother爋f燰anessa燼nd爐he爈ate
Rebecca燼nd爂randmother爐o燝ray,
Jenson燼nd燘ertie.燜uneral燼t燬t
Michael?s燙hurch,燘ray,燱ednesday�h
of燤ay,燼t�m. Family爁lowers爋nly,
donations爉ay燽e爂iven爐o燗lzheimer?s
Society燾/o燙helsea燜uneral燚irectors,
260B燜ulham燫oad,燙helsea,燣ondon,
SW10�L.
KAYE燝iles燱igram爁ormerly爋f
Harding燜arm,爄n燬halbourne,燿ied�th
April�18,燼t燬helley燩ark燦euro燙are
Centre,爄n燘oscombe.燞e爄s爏urvived燽y
his燿aughter燝eorgina.燚onations,爄f
desired,爄n燝iles'爉emory爐o燗lcoholics
Anonymous.
KNOWLES燩eter爋n�th燗pril�18,
aged�爕ears,�(retired燬olicitor)燼t
home.燞usband爋f爐he爈ate燤argaret,
and燼爉uch-loved燿ad,爂randpa燼nd
great-grandpa.燗燾elebration爋f爃is爈ife
will爐ake爌lace爋n燤onday�th燤ay,
at燬t燗ndrews燙hurch,燘ishopthorpe,
at�m.
LLEWELLYN David燱alter燙BE爋n
Forthcoming
Marriages
MR燡.R.McV.燝UBBINS
AND燤ISS燛.G.F.燘LACK
The爀ngagement爄s燼nnounced燽etween
James,爀ldest爏on爋f燤r燼nd燤rs
Michael燝ubbins爋f燣itchfield,
Hampshire,燼nd燛lizabeth,爕oungest
daughter爋f燤r燼nd燤rs燩eter燘lack爋f
Ridlington,燦orfolk.
Deaths
BURLING燗nn燫osemary�(n閑
Counter)燿ied爌eacefully爋n�th燗pril
2018,燽eloved爓ife爋f爐he爈ate燚ennis
Charles燘urling,爉uch-loved爉other爋f
Matthew�(deceased),燭om燼nd燞attie.
A爐hanksgiving爏ervice爓ill燽e爃eld燼t
St燡ohn's燙hurch,燤ilford,燬urrey,爋n
Thursday�th燤ay,燼t�30pm.
Donations爐o燛mmaus燯K.
DABER燡ohn�'Nicholas'燢eith爋n
Monday�rd燗pril�18,燿ied
peacefully燼t爃ome,燼ged�爕ears.
Dearly爈oved爃usband爋f燬ue燼nd爌roud
father爋f燛d.燦ick,燼爎etired爏olicitor,
will燽e爁ondly爎emembered燼nd爏adly
missed燽y燼ll爃is爁amily燼nd爁riends.燗
celebration爋f爃is爈ife爓ill燽e爃eld燼t
Altrincham燙rematorium,爋n燤onday
14th燤ay,燼t爊oon,燼nd燼fter燼t
Bramhall燙ricket燙lub.燜amily爁lowers
only爌lease,燿onations,爄f燿esired,爐o
?Wythenshawe燙ardiology燚epartment
Research燜und?燼nd�North燱est燗ir
Ambulance?,爉ay燽e爁orwarded燼long
with燼ll爀nquiries爐o,燗rthur燝resty
Funeral燞omes,�5燤anchester燫oad,
Altrincham,燱A14�H.燭el:�61�3
1515.
DICKSON-SIMPSON燡ohn燤armaduke
on�th燗pril�18,燼ged�,燿ied燼fter
a爈ong爄llness,燼t爃ome.燘eloved
husband爋f燛bba.燜uneral燼t燬t燩eter?s
Church,燢ensington燩ark燫oad,燦otting
Hill,燱11�N,爋n�th燤ay,燼t�m.
All爓elcome.燦o爁lowers.
EDWARDS The燰ery燫everend燚avid
Lawrence燛dwards燨BE died爋n�th
April�18,燼t燬unrise燬enior燣iving,
Winchester,燼ged�.燩riest,燼uthor,
scholar燼nd燾hurch爃istorian.燘eloved
husband爋f爐he爈ate燬ybil,爁ather爋f
Helen,燢atharine,燤artin燼nd爐he爈ate
Clare,爂randfather爋f燡essica,燡ames,
Myles,燚aniel,燞ugo燼nd燗nna.燜uneral
service爄n燱inchester燙athedral,爋n
Wednesday�th燤ay,燼t�am.燦o
flowers爌lease,燽ut燿onations.爄f
desired,爐o�'Hymns燗ncient�&燤odern
Charity'爋r�'Church燭imes燭rain燼燩riest
Fund'燾/o燫ichard燬teel�&燩artners,
Winchester.爓ww.rsponline.co.uk.
Memorial爏ervice爄n燬outhwark
Cathedral爐o燽e燼nnounced.
GIBSON燡ohn�"Peter"�(b�st燗ugust
1929),爃usband爋f爐he爈ate燩atricia
Anne燝ibson�(n閑燭homas)爎ecently爋f
The燙lock燞ouse,燱est燘yfleet燼nd
formerly爋f燣ittle燬tapleton,營lsington,
Devon,燿ied爌eacefully爄n爃is爏leep爋n
2nd燗pril�18.燞e爓ill燽e爂reatly
missed燽y爃is燾hildren,爂randchildren
and爂reat-grandchildren. A燾elebration
of爃is爈ife爓ill燽e爃eld燼t�m,爋n�nd
May�18,燼t燱oking燙rematorium,
Hermitage燫oad,燬t燡ohn?s,燱oking,
Surrey,燝U21�J.燜amily爁lowers爋nly,
please.燚onations,爄n爈ieu爋f爁lowers,爐o
Barnados,燼t燩eter磗爎equest,燾an燽e
made爋n燿onations爈ink燼t
www.gboutell.co.uk.
GREATREX燝eoffrey燞arold燜RCS
passed燼way爋n�th燗pril�18,燼ged
85.燗爉emorial爏ervice爄s燽eing爃eld爋n
the�th燤ay�18,燼t爐he燬outhwell
Minster,燦ottinghamshire,燼t�30pm.
23rd燗pril�18,爋f燙hiddingly,燛ast
Sussex,爈oving燼nd爉uch-loved爃usband
of燭ess燼nd爁ather爋f燗ndrew,燭im燼nd
Simon,爌assed燼way爌eacefully燼t
home爋n�rd燗pril�18.燭here爓ill燽e
a爌rivate燾remation爁or燾lose爁amily
only,爁ollowed燽y燼燾elebration爋f爃is
life,燼t燬t燬aviours燙hurch,燬outh
Street,燛astbourne,爋n�st燤ay�18,
at�30pm.燬plashes爋f燾olour爉ost
welcome.燜amily爁lowers爋nly.
Donations,爄f燿esired,爐o爀ither燬ussex
Masonic燙harities,爋r燬t燱ilfrid?s
Hospice燼nd爉ay燽e爉ade爐hrough爐he
Funeral燚irectors,燞aine�&燬on�(CPJ
Field)爋f�燬outh燬treet,燛astbourne,
BN21�J.燭el:�323�7801.
TEMPLE-MORRIS燭he燣ord燩eter燿ied
peacefully爋n�t燤ay�18,燼ged�.
Much-loved爃usband爋f燭aher�,爁ather
of燛dward,燚avid,燬uzanna燼nd燭ina,
and爂randfather爋f燭one,燩oppy,燚ylan,
Lucas燼nd燛va.燩rivate爁uneral.
Memorial爐o燽e爃eld燼t燼爈ater燿ate.
Donations爓ould燽e爓elcome爐o爐he
Royal燭rinity燞ospice
(www.royaltrinityhospice.london)爁or
their爎emarkable燾are爋f燩eter爄n爃is
last燿ays.
TREACHER燗dmiral燬ir燡ohn燚evereux
KCB燿ied爌eacefully爋n�th燗pril�18,
aged�.燤uch-loved爃usband爋f
Kirstie,燿evoted爁ather爋f爁our燼nd
grandfather爋f爐en. Private爁amily
funeral.燗爏ervice爐o燾elebrate爃is爈ife
will燽e爃eld爄n燣ondon爄n燬eptember.
WARHAM燤ark燜rancis燿ied
peacefully爋n�th燗pril�18,燼ged�.
Beloved爃usband爋f燨livia燼nd爈oving
father爐o燛leanor,燙hess燼nd燗nna.
Private爁uneral.燗爏ervice爋f
thanksgiving爓ill燽e爃eld爈ater爄n爐he
year. Donations,爄f燿esired,爐o燭he
Royal燤arsden,
www.royalmarsden.org/remember
WHITTY燤ary燿ied爋n�th燗pril�18,
close燾ompanion爋f燗ndrew,爏ister爋f
Julian,燫ichard,燡an燼nd燦ick.燜uneral
at燨xford燙rematorium,燼t�.30am,爋n
10th燤ay.燦o爁lowers爌lease.燗
celebration爋f燤ary?s爈ife爓ill燽e爃eld爄n
the爏ummer.
CR-2018-002185
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partner爋f燡anet燤aidment燼nd
father爋f燡onathan,燗ndrew,燬usan
and燦icola,爃e爓ill燽e爂reatly
missed.燗爐hanksgiving爏ervice爓ill
take爌lace燼t�45pm,爋n
Wednesday�h燤ay,燼t燞avant
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but燿onation燽oxes,爁or燿onations
to燾harities爌romoting爃uman
health燼nd爓ellbeing燼nd燼爈ocal
hospice,爓ill燽e爌rovided燼t爐he
funeral.
Legal Notices
NEST燤ichael燞erbert燙live燿ied
peacefully爋n�st燗pril�18,燼ged�,
in爃ospital燼fter燼爒ery爏hort爄llness.
Loved燼nd爐reasured燽y爃is爓ife燞azel,
his燾hildren燡ulian燼nd燤iranda,燼nd爃is
five爂randchildren.燜uneral爏ervice燼t
Christ燙hurch,燭he燙ommon,
Chorleywood,燱D3�G,爋n燱ednesday
9th燤ay,燼t爊oon.燜amily爁lowers爋nly.
If燿esired,燿onations,爐o燩ractical
Action燾/o燡ames燩eddle燜uneral
Directors,爐el:�923�6102.
POGGI燩atricia�(n閑燘radbury)爌assed
away爋n�th燗pril�18,燼ged�
years.燫equiem燤ass爐o爐ake爌lace燼t
Our燣ady燞elp爋f燙hristians燫C燙hurch,
Rickmansworth,爋n燱ednesday�th
May�18,燼t爊oon.燗ll爋ther爁uneral
enquiries燾/o燛dd燜rost�&燚aughters
Family燜uneral燚irectors,�燞orton
View,燘anbury,燨X16�R.燭el:�295
40��.
ROBOTHAM
John燤ichael燨BE燿ied爌eacefully
on�th燗pril�18,燼ged�爕ears.
He爓ill燽e爏adly爉issed燽y爁amily
and爁riends.
Private燾remation爐akes爌lace燼t
2pm,爋n燭uesday�h燤ay,燼t
North燞ertfordshire燙rematorium.�
A爐hanksgiving爏ervice爐akes爌lace
at燬t燤ary's燙hurch,燙lophill,爋n
29th燤ay�18,燼t�m.
No爁lowers爌lease,燽ut燿onations,
if燿esired,爁or燭he燭usk燭rust爋r
Great燨rmond燬treet燞ospital
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www.memorygiving.com/
johnmichaelrobotham.燜urther
enquiries爐o燦eville燜uneral
Service,�燙lifton燫oad,燬hefford.
Telephone:�462�3258.
RUDD營an燙olin燗llan燽eloved爏on爋f
Ruth燼nd爐he爈ate燝raham,燽eloved
brother爋f燬tuart.燚ied燼t爃ome爋n
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last�爕ears.燗燽rave,爃umorous燼nd
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missed.燬ervice燼t燰inter's燩ark
Crematorium,燤aidstone,燤E14�G,
on燱ednesday�th燤ay,燼t�am.
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required,爐o燭he燤燛燭rust,燾/o燬ears
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Green,燬evenoaks,燢ent,燭N15�R,爐el:
01732�3178.
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died爌eacefully爋n�th燗pril�18,
aged�1爕ears,燼t爐he燙umberland
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hospitals.燤uch-loved爃usband爋f爐he
late燡ean,燿evoted燼nd燼dored爁ather,
grandfather燼nd爂reat-grandfather.
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Directors,燰ictoria燫oad,燩enrith,燙A11
8HR.燭el:�768�1189.
CR-2017-006215
營N燭HE燞IGH燙OURT燨F燡USTICE
BUSINESS燗ND燩ROPERTY
COURTS燨F燛NGLAND燗ND燱ALES
COMPANIES燙OURT�(ChD)
IN燭HE燤ATTER燨F
HANSTEEN燞OLDINGS燩LC
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THE燙OMPANIES燗CT�06
NOTICE營S燞EREBY燝IVEN爐hat爐he
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0DJ�(Ref.燤HS/021192/092612-600010)
Solicitors爁or爐he燼bove爊amed
Company.
LEGAL, PUBLIC, COMPANY & PARLIAMENTARY NOTICES
To place notices for these sections please call:
020 7481 4000
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the times | Friday May 4 2018
59
1G M
Weather
Weather Eye
Paul Simons
Today Rather cloudy with spells of rain in the west, but dry and bright farther east. Max 21C (70F), min 5C (41F)
Around Britain
Five days ahead
Key: b=bright, c=cloud, d=drizzle, pc=partly cloudy
du=dull, f=fair, fg=fog, h=hail, m=mist, r=rain,
sh=showers, sl=sleet, sn=snow, s=sun, t=thunder
*=previous day **=data not available
Largely dry, but spells
of rain or showers over
Ireland and Scotland.
Becoming warmer
Temp C
Rain mm Sun hr*
midday yesterday
24 hrs to 5pm yesterday
Aberdeen
Aberporth
Anglesey
Aviemore
Barnstaple
Bedford
Belfast
Birmingham
Bournemouth
Bridlington
Bristol
Camborne
Cardiff
Edinburgh
Eskdalemuir
Glasgow
Guernsey
Hereford
Herstmonceux
Ipswich
Isle of Man
Isle of Wight
Keswick
Kinloss
Leeds
Lerwick
Leuchars
Lincoln
Liverpool
London
Lyneham
Manchester
Margate
Milford Haven
Newcastle
Nottingham
Orkney
Oxford
Plymouth
Portland
Scilly, St Mary?s
Shoreham
Shrewsbury
Skye
Snowdonia
Southend
Stornoway
Tiree
Whitehaven
Wick
Yeovilton
12
11
10
10
12
13
9
12
14
14
13
12
11
11
9
9
12
13
14
12
9
12
11
12
11
8
11
13
11
14
13
13
12
12
13
12
11
13
13
11
12
15
12
**
9
12
10
10
10
10
13
C
PC
PC
PC
S
PC
R
PC
S
PC
S
PC
PC
C
DU
C
PC
PC
PC
PC
R
PC
C
C
PC
R
**
PC
C
PC
PC
PC
PC
C
C
S
C
PC
S
S
S
PC
PC
**
PC
**
DU
PC
PC
C
PC
0.2
0.0
0.0
1.2
0.0
0.0
3.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
3.2
0.8
**
0.0
0.0
0.8
1.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
1.2
1.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
**
0.0
0.4
2.6
3.4
0.0
0.4
0.0
Tomorrow
1.0
7.5
6.8
2.8
**
**
7.9
**
7.3
**
5.8
11.2
10.0
5.1
4.1
8.7
**
**
3.5
**
9.0
**
**
2.5
**
0.5
3.0
3.7
**
4.0
6.0
4.1
1.4
**
**
4.0
4.4
**
**
**
**
3.4
3.6
**
**
3.1
6.2
11.1
5.8
**
8.6
Mainly dry with sunny intervals, but
patchy rain or drizzle in Ireland and
northwestern Sco
Sc
Scotland.
tlaand.
Max 23C, min
in
n2
2C
C
16
Orkney
ney
C l
Calm
2
28
Slight
Temperature
21
21
Moderate
Rough
28 (degrees C)
1
13
9
2
Aberdeen
NORTH
SEA
26
Edinburgh
Glasgow
1
14
12
20
Londonderry
ATLANTIC
OCEAN
Belfast
19
Dublin
21
Cork
Channel Islands
Staying dry and sunny in Wales and
England, but some spells of rain or
drizzle over Ire
Ireland
eland
an aand
nd Sco
Sc
Scotland.
tland.
Max 24C, min
n 5C
5C
14
Swansea
21
Wednesday
Partly cloudy with rain in Ireland
spreading eastwards across Scotland
and Wales. Sunny
nn intervals
nny
in
ntervaals with
nt
scattered shower
ower
wers
wer
w
we
e s iin
n Eng
ngllaand.
Max 21C, min
min
mi
n 2C
C
13
13
20
17
The Times weather
err
page is provided
by Weatherquestt
0
20
23
14
-15
5
Brighton
CHANNEL
n northeastern Scotland and
or drizzle in
the Northern Isles. Moderate or fresh
southwesterly wind. Maximum
18C (64F), minimum 6C (43F).
NW Eng, Wales, Cen N Eng, W Mids,
SW Eng: Rather cloudy with mist
or fog over the coast or on the hills,
easing later
later. The risk of some patchy
rain or drizzle in places. Light and
variable winds. Maximum 17C (63F),
minimum 7C (45F).
N Ireland, Republic of Ireland: Mainly
dry, but rather cloudy with mist in
Ht
17:10 3.8
22:46 11.8
14:57 3.3
22:33 11.1
21:12 5.1
14:44 6.3
15:22 3.6
20:51 4.8
16:04 3.3
15:12 3.8
13:55 5.0
21:59 6.6
18:33 5.0
14:46 8.6
17:25 6.7
12:59 2.3
21:53 6.3
14:47 8.4
14:38 6.2
20:46 6.2
21:16 3.6
20:20 5.1
15:12 4.4
14:48 5.8
14:43 4.2
21:57 8.6
19:27 4.8
22:16 1.8
15
places. Patchy rain in the west. Light
southwesterly wind, but moderate
to fresh on western coast. Maximum
17C (63F), minimum 10C (50F).
NW Scotland, Cen Highland, Argyll,
Glasgow, SW Scotland, Lake District,
IoM: Predominantly cloudy with patchy
rain or drizzle
drizzle, mainly in northwestern
areas. Mist or fog on the coast or over
the mountains. Light to moderate
southwesterly wind, but fresh over the
northwestern Scotland. Maximum
17C (63F), minimum 5C (41F).
Noon today
Ht
04:38 3.9
10:34 12.0
02:33 3.4
10:21 11.2
09:01 5.0
02:26 6.4
02:46 3.8
08:36 4.7
03:48 3.4
03:01 3.9
01:32 5.3
09:36 6.9
06:02 5.1
02:26 8.9
05:12 7.0
00:52 2.3
09:36 6.3
02:27 8.8
02:17 6.4
08:28 6.2
08:52 3.5
08:01 5.0
02:44 4.5
02:27 5.9
02:14 4.3
09:42 8.7
06:57 5.0
09:59 1.8
London
Southampton
Exeterr
Plymouth
General situation: Partly cloudy
l
and
largely dry, but mist or fog and patchy
rain in Ireland and western Britain.
E Eng, E Mids, E Anglia, Cen S Eng,
London, SE Eng: A dry day with bright
or sunny intervals. Longer spells of sun
in the southeast. Light southwesterly
wind. Maximum 21C (70F)
wind
(70F), minimum
6C (43F).
N Isles, NE Scotland, Moray Firth,
Aberdeen, Edinburgh & Dundee,
Borders, NE Eng: Largely dry with
bright or sunny spells, but patchy rain
Dubrovnik, the Dalmatian Coast
and Montenegro
32
19
Bristol
4
14
Today
Aberdeen
Avonmouth
Belfast
Cardiff
Devonport
Dover
Dublin
Falmouth
Greenock
Harwich
Holyhead
Hull
Leith
Liverpool
London Bridge
Lowestoft
Milford Haven
Morecambe
Newhaven
Newquay
Oban
Penzance
Portsmouth
Shoreham
Southampton
Swansea
Tees
Weymouth
0
-5
-10
16
10024
102
1024
24
Tidal predictions.
Heights in metres
23
41
Cambridge
Oxford
Cardiff
CELTIC
SEA
Tides
15
50
5
11
Birmingham
2
19
59
10
i h
Norwich
14
14
Tuesday
68
15
Nottingham
Shrewsbury
7
Cloud increasing from the west
with scattered showers spreading
eastwards. Thee rrisk
is ooff thunderstorms
thund
hu erstorms
in England.
Max 24C, min
min
mi
n 5C
C
77
20
Sheffield
16
LLlandudno
10
23
25
Hull
16
ooo
Liverpool
IRISH
SEA
16
18
23
86
Yorkk
Manchester
19
30
16
11
10
Galway
Monday
F
95
Carlisle
16
14
22
C
35
Newcastle
Sunday
Partly cloudy with patchy rain in
Ireland and Scotland, but dry and
sunny over Engla
England
gland
gla
nd aand
nd W
Wales.
ales. Feelingg
warm.
Max 23C, min
min
mi
n 2C
C
I N C LU D E S T H E S E RV I C E S O F A N
E X P E R I E N C E D TO U R M A N AG E R
10
0
22
2
15
At 17:00 on Thursday there were
?ve ?ood alerts and no warnings
in England, and no ?ood alerts or
warnings in Wales or Scotland.
For further information and
updates, visit ?ood-warninginformation.service.gov.uk, and for
Scotland www.SEPA.org.uk
.uk
22
TOUR
Shetland
Sh
1
11
11
All readings local midday yesterday
18 B
Madeira
17 C
Madrid
21 S
Majorca
23 F
M醠aga
15 C
Malta
22 F
Melbourne
Mexico City ** **
27 B
Miami
16 R
Milan
26 B
Mombasa
24 B
Montreal
25 F
Moscow
33 B
Mumbai
18 S
Munich
22 C
Nairobi
19 R
Naples
New Orleans ** **
28 C
New York
18 S
Nice
29 F
Nicosia
12 R
Oslo
14 S
Paris
20 F
Perth
17 B
Prague
2 SN
Reykjavik
16 S
Riga
Rio de Janeiro 27 C
34 S
Riyadh
17 R
Rome
San Francisco 17 S
17 S
Santiago
26 S
S鉶 Paulo
14 F
Seoul
30 S
Seychelles
32 B
Singapore
St Petersburg 11 B
11 F
Stockholm
26 F
Sydney
29 F
Tel Aviv
20 S
Tenerife
24 S
Tokyo
14 B
Vancouver
23 S
Venice
23 S
Vienna
28 F
Warsaw
Washington 30 S
15 S
Zurich
Sea
S
a state
ae
(mph)
18
20
24 F
13 S
25 S
15 **
33 S
33 S
30 S
19 S
22 F
33 B
27 F
18 F
22 S
11 R
14 B
20 S
27 F
17 C
36 B
32 B
22 F
21 F
** **
12 S
23 S
31 B
36 F
11 R
19 S
18 R
17 B
13 S
17 F
** **
13 S
32 S
23 S
25 F
33 F
19 S
32 B
21 B
22 S
21 B
18 B
18 S
38 S
34
Flood alerts and warnings
The world
Alicante
Amsterdam
Athens
Auckland
Bahrain
Bangkok
Barbados
Barcelona
Beijing
Beirut
Belgrade
Berlin
Bermuda
Bordeaux
Brussels
Bucharest
Budapest
Buenos Aires
Cairo
Calcutta
Canberra
Cape Town
Chicago
Copenhagen
Corfu
Delhi
Dubai
Dublin
Faro
Florence
Frankfurt
Geneva
Gibraltar
Harare
Helsinki
Hong Kong
Honolulu
Istanbul
Jerusalem
Johannesburg
Kuala Lumpur
Lanzarote
Las Palmas
Lima
Lisbon
Los Angeles
Luxor
Wind
W
d speed
p e
1000
100
00
00
LOW
LO
OW
O
W
100
1008
0000
100
1000
110
0000
1016
101
110
0016
0116
9984
98
8844
LO
L
O
OW
W
9976
76
76
11008
10
00
008
00088
1024
102
10
022
0024
9992
99
92
92
LO
LOW
L
OW
LOW
OW
W
101
1016
110
0016
011166
1008
100
008
008
00
08
HIGH
H
IIG
GH
H
Synoptic situation
Low pressure will in?uence
Ireland and western Britain,
bringing drizzle or patchy rain.
However, as high pressure
builds over central Europe,
it will become dry with
sunshine and some patchy
cloud in England over the
next few days. Low pressure
in the Mediterranean Sea
will continue to bring rain or
showers over southern Europe.
EI GH T D AYS FR OM
�9
PER PERSON
Return flights plus seven nights?
half-board accommodation
Tour of Dubrovnik, with its medieval and
baroque centre, visit to Krka National
Park and its series of stunning waterfalls
and lakes, visit to Split and tour of
Emperor Diocletian?s monumental palace
11008
008
0088
Cold front
Warm front
Occluded front
Trough
Highs and lows
Hours of darkness
24hrs to 5pm yesterday
Aberdeen
Belfast
Birmingham
Cardiff
Exeter
Glasgow
Liverpool
London
Manchester
Newcastle
Norwich
Penzance
Shef?eld
Warmest: Wisley,
Surrey, 17.3C
Coldest: Cairngorm, -4.0C
Wettest: Achnagart,
Inverness-shire, 12.8mm
Sunniest: Camborne, 11.2hrs*
Sun and moon
For Greenwich
Sun rises: 05.26
Sun sets: 20.27
Moon rises: --.-Moon sets: 08.31
Last quarter: May 8
B
rexit has happened before,
in a spectacular cataclysm
that dwarfs anything
happening these days.
That earlier divorce from
Europe began more than 200,000
years ago during an ice age, when
Britain was a peninsula of northwest
Europe. Melting water from vast
northern ice sheets filled a giant
lake in the southern half of the
North Sea, held back by a chalk
ridge stretching from southeast
England to northwest France.
Eventually the glacial lake filled up
with so much water that the dam
burst at the Strait of Dover,
unleashing vast torrents of water in
a megaflood, a discharge 100,000
times greater than the Thames.
The flood was so violent it ripped
through the chalk ridge and gouged
a deep, straight valley from the
Dover Straits to beyond the Isle of
Wight. That valley became a mighty
new waterway, the Channel, that
drained the rivers of northwest
Europe into the Atlantic and severed
Britain from Europe.
Mysterious bowel-shaped holes
in the seabed were also revealed
during surveys for construction of
the Channel Tunnel. These great
holes were up to 100m deep and
kilometres wide, and so big that the
tunnel had to be diverted to avoid
them. These are now believed to be
vast plunge pools, where raging
waters tearing through the chalk
ridge crashed over immense
waterfalls and gouged out the rocks
below. Only one other place in the
world shows anything similar:
the Channeled Scablands in the
eastern desert of Washington state
in the US, a weird landscape of
extinct waterfalls created by
meltwaters from the last ice age.
As for the separation of Britain
from Europe, the final divorce was
settled about 10,000 years ago,
at the end of the last ice age.
Rising temperatures again melted
ice sheets, sea levels rose and the
plains connecting Britain to Europe
were flooded in what became the
North Sea, while the Channel River
became the Channel. And so Britain
became an island and the course
of history changed for ever.
21:28-04:40
21:32-05:06
21:08-04:58
21:10-05:07
21:09-05:11
21:30-04:54
21:16-04:59
20:58-04:54
21:13-04:56
21:16-04:47
20:56-04:45
21:15-05:21
21:09-04:53
ne of Europe?s best-kept secrets, Croatia was ruled by the Romans, Byzantines,
Venetians and the Habsburgs ? and all have left their legacies. Lord Byron
christened Dubrovnik ?Pearl of the Adriatic? and the Dalmatian coastline is one of the
most dramatic in Europe. This matchless blend of history, Mediterranean ambience and
truly stunning natural beauty is refreshingly free from tasteless development placing it
on any traveller?s must-see list.
O
Selected departures up to October, 2018.
Call 0330 160 5070 and quote KM200
thetimes.co.uk/riviera
Prices based on two people sharing a twin room. Single rooms available at a supplement. Additional entrance costs may apply. Travel insurance is not included but is strongly recommended. This holiday is operated by and subject to booking conditions of Riviera Travel, ABTA V4744 ATOL 3430 protected, a company independent of Times
Newspapers Ltd. Subject to availability. Images used in conjunction with Riviera Travel. KM200.
the times | Friday May 4 2018
61
2G M
Sport
Kiprop ?framed? by testers
EDDY LEMAISTRE/GETTY IMAGES
Athletics
Rick Broadbent
One of Kenya?s biggest athletics stars
claims corrupt anti-doping officials
sabotaged his drug test and framed him
as part of an extortion scam.
Asbel Kiprop, the 2008 Olympic
1,500m champion and a three-times
world champion, also claims that the
officials broke rules by informing him
of the random test a day in advance.
Responding to reports that he had
tested positive for the blood booster
EPO, Kiprop issued a statement alleging his sample had been doctored by
anti-doping staff disgruntled with the
amount of protection money he had
paid via a phone transfer.
He also claimed he had been offered
an ambassadorial anti-doping role with
the IAAF if he admitted taking drugs.
The Kenyan police officer said that he
had refused because it would have been
?untrue? and ?fraud?. The IAAF denied
that they had made any offer.
Kiprop said that two doping control
officers came to his house in Iten last
November. He provided a urine sample
and they allegedly asked for money. ?At
the time I did not see the money as inducement or bribe,? he said. ?In retrospect I now see the money as having a
relation with the sample and even the
irregular advance notice.?
Kiprop said he left the sample on the
table while he went to look for money,
but changed his mind and decided to
transfer it via a mobile phone service.
He said the sample was not sealed until
nine minutes after the transfer.
?I remain perplexed on how my innocent sample could turn positive on the
only time when money was extorted
from me,? Kiprop said. ?It is not beyond
my suspicion that [it was] because I
might have remitted less money than I
was expected to.? Kiprop?s statement
also took aim at the new Athletics
Integrity Unit, which he accused of
leaking his positive test and subjecting
him to mob trial. ?I only yearn for fairness and justice,? he said.
There have been more than 40 failed
drug tests in Kenya in the past five years
and the country is on the IAAF?s watch
list after being declared non-compliant
by the World Anti-Doping Agency in
2016. That year the Kenyan track manager, Michael Rotich, was sent home
from the Rio Olympics after telling
Sunday Times reporters that he would
provide advance notice of drug tests for
�,000. He denied wrongdoing, saying
he was protecting athletes by trying to
expose undercover reporters.
As the plot thickened, British athletes
called on anti-doping investigators to
target dirty agents.
Kiprop is the fifth Kenyan to fail a test
while managed by Rosa & Associati, an
Italian company run by Dr Gabriele
Rosa and his son Federico. In 2016,
Federico appeared in a Kenyan court,
accused of helping athlete Rita Jeptoo
to dope, but the charges were dropped.
He told The Times last night that there
was a doping ?epidemic? in Kenya, but
that the Rosas were not to blame.
?I manage over 200 Kenyans and in
the last 20 years it is more than 2,000, so
we are talking five out of 2,000,? he said.
St Helens
Catalans Dragons
Christopher Irvine
Olympic Games
Gold: 1,500m, Beijing 2008
World Championships
Gold: 1,500m, Daegu 2011, Moscow
2013, Beijing 2015
Kiprop, left,
was awarded
gold after
Rashid Ramzi,
right, who won
the Olympic
1,500m final in
2008, failed a
drugs test
to Lance Armstrong in cycling, but
we?re not talking Lemsip or a contaminated protein shake ? it?s cold, hardcore drugs. I?m glad these big iconic
athletes are getting caught.?
The biggest Kenyan names caught
doping have been Rosa athletes. Jeptoo,
a three-times Boston Marathon winner, who attributed drugs in her system
to hospital treatment after a road accident, and Jemima Sumgong, the Olym-
Yesterday?s racing results
Lingfield Park
Going: standard
2.00 (1m 4f) 1, Smiley Bagel (P Cosgrave,
9-4 fav); 2, Paddy A (4-1); 3, Iballisticvin
(9-2). 7 ran. NR: Widnes. Kl, 1Nl. E Walker.
2.30 (1m 1yd) 1, Angelina D?Or (Dane
O?Neill, 6-1); 2, Sweet Charity (12-1);
3, Mercury Rising (13-2). 12 ran. 1l, 1Ol.
M Johnston.
3.00 (1m 7f 169yd) 1, Kay Sera (E J Walsh,
14-1); 2, Threediamondrings (3-1 fav); 3,
What A Party (12-1). 12 ran. NR:
Archipentura, Takeitfromalady. Kl, Ol.
A Newcombe.
3.30 (6f 1yd) 1, Captain Lars (Oisin
Murphy, 10-11 fav); 2, Mamillius (7-2); 3,
Mishaal (9-4). 5 ran. NR: Dutiful Son,
Jackie Sparrow, Locommotion. Ol, 6l.
Archie Watson.
4.00 (7f 1yd) 1, Crack On Crack On (A Kirby,
7-2); 2, Insurgence (3-1 jt-fav); 3, Zaajer
(3-1 jt-fav). 8 ran. NR: Harbour Vision. Kl,
Ol. C Cox.
4.30 (6f 1yd) 1, Queen Of Dreams (L
Morris, 25-1); 2, Precious Silk (9-2); 3,
Playfull Spirit (11-10 fav). 7 ran. NR: Flora
Tristan. Hd, 1Ol. W Knight.
5.00 (1m 2f) 1, Bayston Hill (Jason
Watson, 14-1); 2, X Rated (15-8 fav);
3, Scoones (7-2). 8 ran. Kl, 2Kl. M Usher.
Placepot: �9.40.
Quadpot: �.60.
Redcar
Going: good to firm (good in places)
2.10 (5f) 1, Tarrzan (S De Sousa, 4-7 fav);
2, Willow Brook (11-2); 3, Go Annie Go
(12-1). 7 ran. Ol, 1l. M Channon.
2.40 (6f) 1, Pretty Baby (D Tudhope, 11-10
fav); 2, Angel?s Glory (11-4); 3, Left Alone
(9-2). 7 ran. NR: Foxtrix, Xin Chao. 5l, Ol.
W Haggas.
3.10 (7f) 1, Robsdelight (S De Sousa, 5-4
fav); 2, Destinata (12-1); 3, Mr Gent
(13-2). 10 ran. 1Kl, 1l. Miss Gay Kelleway.
3.40 (1m) 1, Completion (D Tudhope, 11-4
jt-fav); 2, Poet?s Prince (6-1); 3, Bertog
(12-1). 8 ran. NR: Creel. Ol, 3Ol. W Haggas.
4.10 (7f) 1, Al Khan (Ben Robinson, 2-1);
2, Space War (16-1); 3, Lord Rob (18-1).
6 ran. Nk, Kl. K Ryan.
4.40 (1m 2f) 1, Nibras Galaxy (George
Wood, 13-2); 2, Global Style (16-1); 3,
Firby (5-1). 13 ran. Kl, nk. I Mohammed.
5.10 (1m) 1, Thundercloud (R Kingscote,
16-1); 2, Don?t Cry About It (4-1 jt-fav); 3,
Conflagration (5-1). 12 ran. Ol, 1l. S Dixon.
Placepot: �.50.
Quadpot: �.80.
Southwell
Going: standard
2.20 (1m 3f) 1, Surewhynot (K T O?Neill,
2-1 fav); 2, Go On Gal (5-2); 3, Lean On Pete
(9-2). 9 ran. Ol, hd. G Cromwell (Ire).
2.50 (1m 3f) 1, Serenity Now (C Shepherd,
13-8 fav); 2, Bertie Moon (9-4); 3,
Topamichi (7-4). 5 ran. Kl, 1Nl. B Ellison.
3.20 (1m) 1, Hakeem (Jim Crowley, 7-2); 2,
Victory Wave (1-4 fav); 3, Nevada (40-1).
5 ran. 1Nl, 13l. W Haggas.
3.50 (7f) 1, Florencio (D Egan, 11-10 fav); 2,
pic marathon champion and 2016
London winner, who said she had taken
the drug for an ectopic pregnancy. Both
are serving four-year bans. The Rosas
say there is a ?plague? of unscrupulous
doctors in Kenya.
Federico said he would back IAAF
plans to impose heavy punishments on
guilty support teams. ?Whoever is involved has to pay ? athletes, coaches
or agents,? he said.
The relief for Catalans Dragons at
climbing off the foot of the table after
squeezing past Hull last week was put
into perspective by another penaltyridden defeat, their tenth in 13 outings,
against the league leaders last night.
Ben Barba, whose 15 tries have illuminated St Helens? first half of the
season, was in the stands after a neck
injury in a 60-10 defeat of Salford Red
Devils last week. He is expected to be
back for the Ladbrokes Challenge Cup
trip to Castleford Tigers in eight days.
Last night, his team-mates delivered a
sufficiently competent performance
against indisciplined opponents.
Jonny Lomax, replacing Barba at full
back, opened the home side?s account in
reading a side-footed kick from Tommy
Makinson, who bent his back to reach
Danny Richardson?s chip to the right
wing for a 10-0 lead in 13 minutes. Brayden Wiliame pulled a try back from
Josh Drinkwater?s grubber kick.
St Helens tightened their hold before
the break when Antoni Maria?s knock
back was exploited by Morgan
Knowles, who was sent off against the
Dragons in a 21-12 win in Perpignan in
February, cutting a swathe through
Catalans? defence beneath their posts.
Crisp passing and a clinical finish by
Regan Grace shortly after the interval
brought the response of a try by Jodie
Broughton. Louis Anderson would
have added another had Ryan Morgan
not pulled out the ball over the line,
which was as close as Catalans got to
disturbing Saints? equilibrium.
Jon Wilkin had a try ruled out for a
double movement, but there was no
doubt about Saints? final try, Grace?s
second of the evening, in the 69th
minute. The wing was once again
unleashed by Mark Percival inside him
and Richardson, whose star has risen
all year at half back, landed a third conversion. Catalans had the consolation
of a third try scored by Lewis Tierney.
Results
Mujassam (6-1); 3, Angel Palanas (12-1).
5 ran. NR: Sans Souci Bay. 2Ol, 2l. R Fell.
4.20 (7f) 1, Limerick Lord (Shelley Birkett,
6-1); 2, Mimic?s Memory (6-1); 3,
Cryptonite (5-1). 7 ran. NR: Iconic Figure.
1Kl, 4Kl. Miss J Feilden.
4.50 (5f) 1, Tan (Alistair Rawlinson, 9-4);
2, Fareeq (13-8 fav); 3, Indian Tinker
(10-1). 6 ran. 1Nl, Kl. M Appleby.
5.20 (1m 6f) 1, Siempre Amigos (C Heavey,
5-1); 2, Katie Gale (9-4 fav); 3, Scrafton
(5-2). 7 ran. 2Nl, Ol. G Cromwell (Ire).
Placepot: �.50.
Quadpot: �.70.
Musselburgh
26
0
2
12
1
Betfred Super League
Kiprop?s medal record
?The problem is a local issue with
doctors and pharmacists. Blaming
foreign agents will only delay the fight
against the real problem.?
Andy Baddeley, a British runner who
competed against Kiprop in the 2008
Olympic final, believes that sanctions
should be imposed on agents with bad
track records. ?I feel strongly that we
should target the facilitators,? he said.
?These agents are incompetent, indifferent or complicit. There could be
sanctions against them so if they have
one banned athlete then none of their
athletes get in races.? Baddeley missed
out on the Olympic final in 2012 by one
place and said: ?Being able to say you
are an Olympic or world finalist can be
worth six figures in races and sponsors.?
Guy Learmonth, a Scottish middledistance runner who competed at the
Gold Coast Commonwealth Games,
called the dopers ?con artists? and said
there was ?virtually no testing in
Kenya?. He said: ?There should be
lengthy bans for agents, managers and
coaches directly involved with administering drugs. I look up to these
athletes like they would have looked up
St Helens go
four points
clear at top
Going: good (good to firm in places)
5.40 (5f 1yd) 1, Twentysvnthlancers (P
Mulrennan, 4-1); 2, Our Place In Loule (112); 3, See Vermont (13-2). 12 ran. Nk, 1N.
P T Midgley.
6.10 (1m 4f 104yd) 1, Poetic Steps (Jason
Hart, 11-1); 2, Birdette (3-1); 3, Lever Du
Soleil (14-1). 5 ran. 1N, 4Kl. M Johnston.
6.40 (7f 33yd) 1, Dazzle Gold (J Fanning,
3-1); 2, Claire Underwood (14-1); 3,
Soldier?s Minute (30-100 fav). 4 ran. NR:
Lady Grigio. 5l, 1N. R M H Cowell.
7.10 (1m 4f 104yd) 1, Theglasgowwarrior
(Barry McHugh, 11-1); 2, Akamanto (161); 3, Northwest Frontier (11-8 fav). 8 ran.
Nk, 4l. J S Goldie.
7.40 (5f 1yd) 1, Seen The Lyte (Lewis
Edmunds, 6-4 fav); 2, Honey Gg (5-1); 3,
Super Florence (14-1). 6 ran. 1Ol, Ol. N
Tinkler.
8.10 (7f 33yd) 1, Jacob Black (Jason Hart,
3-1 jt-fav); 2, Rebel State (12-1); 3, Lucky
Violet (20-1). 12 ran. 2N, 3N. K Dalgleish.
8.40 (1m 5f 216yd) 1, Picture Painter (J P
Sullivan, 3-1 fav); 2, Overhaugh Street (81); 3, Elite Icon (7-2). 9 ran. 1l, 2Kl. K
Dalgleish.
Placepot: �0.90.
Quadpot: �.90.
Chelmsford
Going: standard
5.50 (5f) 1, Pocket Dynamo (E J Walsh, 94); 2, So Hi Speed (7-1); 3, Shellbrook (6-5
fav). 5 ran. NR: Hard Forest, One One
Seven. 1l, 6l. R M H Cowell.
6.20 (1m 2f) 1, Secratario (S W Kelly, 8-1);
2, Seaborough (10-1); 3, Houlton (4-1). 8
ran. Kl, 1l. R Hughes.
6.50 (1m 2f) 1, Main Street (M Harley, 21); 2, Temur Khan (14-1); 3, Prabeni (8-11
fav). 9 ran. Kl, 1Ol. J H M Gosden.
7.20 (1m) 1, Seniority (James Doyle, 11-8
fav); 2, Mythical Madness (12-1); 3,
Constantino (6-1). 6 ran. NR: Able Jack. ns,
Kl. W J Haggas.
7.50 (6f) 1, Gold Filigree (Nicola Currie, 31); 2, Tirania (11-8 fav); 3, Puds (9-4). 5
ran. NR: Mayyasah, Sandra?s Secret. Kl,
Ol. R Hughes.
8.20 (6f) 1, Blessed To Empress (Lemos De
Souza, 16-1); 2, Billyoakes (8-1); 3, Gettin?
Lucky (14-1). 8 ran. NR: Two Seas. ns, 1l.
Miss Amy Murphy.
8.50 (1m 6f) 1, Austrian School (P
McDonald, 7-2); 2, Yabass (9-4 fav); 3,
Jeremiah (5-1). 6 ran. 2Ol, 1Ol. M
Johnston.
Placepot: �2.70.
Quadpot: �.80
Fixtures
Football
Europa League
Semi-final, second leg
Atletico Madrid(1) 1 Arsenal
(0) 0
Costa 45+2
(Atletico Madrid won 2-1 on agg)
Salzburg (0) 2 Marseilles(0) 1
Haidara 53
Rolando 116
Sarr (og) 65
Sent off: Haidara
(Marseilles win 3-2 on agg)
Vanarama National League: Play-off
eliminator Boreham Wood 2 Fylde 1.
Women?s Super League One Bristol
City 1 Manchester City 6.
Cricket
Specsavers County
Championship, Division Two
Warwickshire v Derbyshire
Edgbaston (first day of four):
Warwickshire trail Derbyshire by
286 runs with nine wickets
remaining
Derbyshire: First Innings
B T Slater c Sidebottom b Wright 16
L M Reece c and b Patel
20
W L Madsen b Brookes
144
A L Hughes c Rhodes b Patel
4
*B A Godleman b Brookes
1
?G C Wilson c Trott b Wright
34
M J J Critchley lbw b Patel
30
G C Viljoen c Ambrose b Patel
7
H Qadri c Sibley b Brookes
3
D Olivier not out
40
M H A Footitt b Brookes
0
Extras (b 4, lb 7, nb 8)
19
Total (81.5 overs)
318
Fall of wickets 1-28, 2-72, 3-80, 484, 5-168, 6-209, 7-233, 8-251, 9318.
Bowling Wright 18.4-2-81-2;
Sidebottom 9.2-1-39-0; Rhodes 112-30-0; Brookes 15.5-0-63-4; Patel
27-3-94-4.
Warwickshire: First Innings
W M H Rhodes not out
13
D P Sibley c Critchley b Olivier
6
C J C Wright not out
10
Extras (b 1, w 2)
3
Total (1 wkt, 12 overs)
32
I R Bell, I J L Trott, S R Hain, M J
Lamb, ?T R Ambrose, *J S Patel, H J
H Brookes and R N Sidebottom to bat.
Fall of wicket 1-18.
Bowling Viljoen 4-1-13-0; Olivier 40-11-1; Qadri 2-1-2-0; Critchley 2-15-0.
Umpires N A Mallender and R K
Illingworth.
Snooker
Betfred World Championship
Crucible Theatre, Sheffield Semifinals (best-of-33 frames; England
unless stated): J Higgins (Sco) leads
K Wilson 5-3; B Hawkins leads M
Williams (Wal) 5-3.
Kick-off 7.45 unless stated
Football
Premier League Brighton & Hove
Albion v Manchester United (8.0).
Ladbrokes Scottish Premiership
Partick Thistle v Ross County. Playoff quarter-final Dundee United v
Dunfermline.
Cricket
Specsavers County Championship:
Division One Essex v Yorkshire;
Lancashire
v
Somerset;
Nottinghamshire v Hampshire;
Surrey v Worcestershire. Division
Two Durham v Leicestershire;
Glamorgan v Kent; Sussex v
Middlesex (all 11.0).
Tour match: County Ground,
Northampton Northamptonshire v
Pakistan (11.0).
Rugby league
Betfred Super League Huddersfield
Giants v Widnes Vikings; Leeds
Rhinos v Warrington Wolves; Wigan
Warriors v Salford Red Devils (8.0).
Snooker
Crucible Theatre, Sheffield Betfred
World Championship.
62
1G M
RM
Friday May 4 2018 | the times
Sport
Matt Dickinson
Chief Sports Writer
Dark clouds but
Froome deserves
his shot at history
I
t took only a couple of hours, a few phone
calls, to understand the case of Sir Bradley
Wiggins. Once Russian hackers had leaked
his use of corticosteroid injections before
big races, it was a quick process to join the
dots of what Shane Sutton, his former mentor,
has described as unethical gaming of the TUE
system to enhance performance.
In contrast, it is eight months since Chris
Froome was notified of an adverse analytical
sample for an asthma medication and, for all
the countless conversations, I have not heard a
version that adds up, or can be fully inhaled.
How did Froome?s excess reading at La Vuelta
come about? If he were abusing salbutamol,
would the gains override the enormous risks in
the midst of a grand tour while being tested
every day? If he did take extra salbutamol
illegally ? perhaps through injection, or orally,
or through a nebuliser ? the method itself
could be open to detection.
Does his high level say something of Froome,
who denies the claims, or the medics or the
drug itself; the volatility of readings and flaws in
the threshold set by the World Anti-Doping
Agency? I have heard plenty of suggestions, but
also a lot of guessing.
Throw in the onus on Team Sky to prove the
innocence of one of the most successful riders in
the history of the sport, the lack of a specified
time frame, contentious science and the huge
stakes, and this becomes an issue that could take
many more months to resolve, quite possibly
beyond the Tour de France in July.
That delay feels entirely unsatisfactory but,
paradoxically, it is a reason why Froome is
entitled to be setting off in the Giro d?Italia this
morning, chasing a place in history even as this
dark cloud hangs over him.
You may not like it ? who does as a cycling
fan wearied by the endless doubts? ? but given
how long this could take, was it realistic to
expect that Froome should have suspended
himself for a period that may even be longer
than any potential ban?
Of course, there is the argument that it suits
Team Sky and Froome to drag this out, win
races in the meantime, put off the day of
reckoning. Never mind the legal bills, or the
media heat ? they can enjoy Froome in his
prime, including a hefty appearance fee that the
Giro organisers paid unaware of the coming
storm.
But given that the procedure has been
compromised by the leak of his sample by
someone connected to the investigation, when
as Froome is quick to remind everyone this
would normally be confidential, it is probably
not a surprise that he seeks to protect his own
interests and his right to race.
Few, including Tom Dumoulin, Froome?s most
likely challenger in the Giro, are in the mood to
give Team Sky any slack for reasons that have
become obvious since that Wiggins controversy
and ensuing debate over whether Team Sky
have stuck to the values they trumpeted.
Out in Jerusalem for the start of the Giro, Sir
Dave Brailsford faced more interrogation about
his suitability to continue as team principal.
There is a need for constant probing about
exactly how far Team Sky, or indeed any cycling
outfit, are willing to go in an era when we
appear to have moved beyond the worst of
doping to 50 shades of grey.
How the modern peloton pushes the limits of
medication is made strikingly clear in a new
memoir by Lieuwe Westra, the recently retired
Dutch cyclist, who claims that exploiting TUEs
for cortisone injections, abuse of painkilling
tramadol in races, misuse of salbutamol ?
exactly the charges against Team Sky ? have
been commonplace on the road.
Of corticosteroids for competition, Westra is
explicit about how he faked a knee injury, with
approval of doctors, to obtain exemptions. He
even learnt how to administer the drug himself.
?I injected myself mostly three or four times in a
year,? he writes. ?Always for the big races.?
In The Beast, the cycling life of Lieuwe Westra,
he goes so far as to allege that ?I don?t think
Froome begins his
Giro challenge in
today?s time-trial
anyone won a spring classic or grand tour
without cortisone. It is impossible?. He cites
Kenacort, or triamcinolone as used by
Wiggins, among substances abused.
He also writes about salbutamol, saying
that he used an inhaler ? legally even
though it was never prescribed. Some
scientific studies say there is no benefit for
non-asthmatics. Westra insists otherwise,
saying most of the peloton believed it
helped.
He even describes how they would play
a game to see how many puffs could be
tolerated without the shakes. ?At Astana I
had one team-mate who took six
inhalations. He got an applause. Six
inhalations! It was a new record,? he
writes. Anti-doping guidance is a
maximum eight puffs in 12 hours.
In the book, Westra says he cannot
understand how Froome came to
have a one-off reading double the
1,000ng/ml urine limit. ?With
inhalations that is absolutely
impossible. I know that for
sure . . . Sky made a great mistake
in this one.?
But what mistake? He can only
speculate, like everyone else. Still,
the scepticism fuelled by the book
hardly helps Froome, or an expensive
legal team, as they try to prove that there is an
innocent explanation, perhaps to do with
dehydration and rate of excretion.
Their defence remains unclear though leaks
to Le Monde from the investigation have said
that Sky could challenge the Wada threshold
itself as unsafe, opening up a huge debate.
Reportedly, the case is being overseen by Ulrich
Haas, an anti-doping legal expert who served
on the panel that reviewed a similar case
involving Alessandro Petacchi that led to a 12month ban.
That case found that Petacchi took too much
salbutamol but without intention to cheat ? a
conclusion that would leave Sky having to
decide whether they can still stand by their star
rider.
It is all a horrible mess as we turn to the Giro.
?Not good for anyone,? Dumoulin said, pointing
out that under the rules of the voluntary code
that some teams have signed up to through the
Movement for Credible Cycling, though not
Team Sky, he would have been stood down by
his team in the same circumstances.
He went on to complain that Froome could
win the Giro and then lose it a few weeks later,
which is incorrect. Froome could be stripped of
his Vuelta from 2017, when he gave his sample,
but he would not lose the Giro.
So off he sets in today?s time-trial, seeking to
hold all three grand tour jerseys, as is his right
according to the rules ? though good luck
spotting the winner in all this.
Giro organiser ?deceived? over Briton?s test failure
Cycling
Jeremy Whittle Jerusalem
The race director of the Giro d?Italia
has accused Team Sky of deceiving him
by failing to disclose Chris Froome?s
adverse drugs test while negotiating
their appearance fee for the race, which
starts today in Israel.
Asked directly if he felt deceived by
Froome and Team Sky, Mauro Vegni
responded: ?Yes, definitely. The negotiation with Team Sky took place before
the Giro race presentation so I would
have expected within a correct
relationship to be informed, so I really
didn?t like this.?
The Giro is believed to have agreed to
pay Froome and Team Sky an appearance fee in the region of ?1.4 million
(about �2 million), although Vegni
stopped short of confirming the figure.
Froome was informed of the adverse
analytical finding (AAF) for salbutamol, from a sample taken on the 18th
stage of last year?s La Vuelta, by the
International Cycling Union (UCI) on
September 20 last year. However,
during subsequent financial negotiations he and his team failed to disclose
the information to Vegni or RCS, the
promoters of the Giro. Froome finally
announced his participation at the
Giro?s race presentation on November
29 and the AAF became public knowledge in both the British and French
media on December 14.
?Obviously when we found out, it
didn?t make us happy,? Vegni said. ?We
think Team Sky knew. I can guarantee
you that we didn?t. I did express my
thinking on the phone to Dave Brailsford [the team principal] and he came
immediately to Italy to meet with me.
?Dave himself was not pleased and he
told me that he received the information at the end of September. But he
also said to me that he was confident
that this whole issue will find a solution,
and will be solved.?
me?s
Questions over Froome?s
unresolved case havee
dominated the build-up
to the Giro in Israel,
which has also been
beset by criticisms
focusing on the region?s
political problems. The
Froome controversy has
nfurther fuelled the tence?s
sions surrounding the race?s
opening weekend.
k said:
said ?The
In a statement, Team Sky
UCI process regarding Chris would
Dumoulin is the defending champion
normally have remained confidential.
The team wanted to fully respect this
but since it became public we have
stayed in regular touch with the
organisers about it. We received and
agreed the final race contract within the last three weeks ? obviousl some time after the
ously
iss became public.?
issue
Vegni did little to hide
h
his
preference
for
F
Froome?s
main rival, the
d
defending
champion Tom
D
Dumoulin,
who has criticis Froome?s decision to
cised
carr on racing while his case
carry
remain unresolved.
remains
?Tom is a nice character,? Vegni
said ?He?s young,
ou he?s handsome, he is
said.
good for cycling as a whole,? before
adding that a second Dumoulin win
would be ?a really good outcome?.
Tanfield thrills
home crowd
The opening stage of the Tour de
Yorkshire was won by a native of the
county yesterday, as the expected
sprint finish failed to materialise.
Harry Tanfield, from Great Ayton,
was part of a six-man break that
unexpectedly stayed clear at the end of
the 182km stage from Beverley to
Doncaster, crossing the line five
seconds ahead of the peloton. The
23-year-old, who won silver in the time
trial at the Commonwealth Games in
Australia last month, rides for the
Canyon Eisberg team.
Kirsten Wild, of the Netherlands,
won the first stage of the two-day
women?s race. The Wiggle High5 rider
held off her compatriot Amalie
Dideriksen and Britain?s Alice Barnes
in a sprint finish.
the times | Friday May 4 2018
63
1G M
Racing Sport
O?Brien has strong hand
Rob Wright Racing Editor
Aidan O?Brien will saddle three of the
14 runners in the Qipco 2,000 Guineas
at Newmarket tomorrow, headed by
the 9-4 favourite Gustav Klimt.
The Irish trainer already holds the
record for most victories in the first
classic of the season, having won the
race eight times. O?Brien again holds a
strong hand as Gustav Klimt is joined
by the unbeaten Saxon Warrior, who
won the group one Racing Post Trophy
at Doncaster last October. Murillo, a
close third in the Coventry Stakes at
Royal Ascot, completes his team.
Masar, owned by Godolphin, will
attempt to give trainer Charlie Appleby
a first classic victory. He staked his
claim when winning the Craven Stakes
by nine lengths last month and is
generally second favourite at 5-1.
The ground at Newmarket was
yesterday described as good to soft,
good in places, but is expected to be no
worse than good by tomorrow.
Musselburgh
Rob Wright
Rob Wright
2.10 Deep Intrigue (nb) 4.10 Elite Icon
2.40 Royal Brave (nap) 4.40 Trading Point
3.10 Acadian Angel
5.15 Stardrifter
3.40 Tribal Warrior
Thunderer: 2.10 Moojim. 3.40 Mosalim (nap).
Going: good (good to firm in places)
Draw: 5f, high numbers best
Racing UK
4.55 Old Pride
5.30 Ballybane
6.05 Minella Friend
6.40 Barel Of Laughs
Going: good to soft
2.10
Novice Stakes
(2-Y-O: �235: 5f 1y) (7)
AHLAN BIL EMARATI K A Ryan 9-2
T Queally
1 (5)
3 DEEP INTRIGUE 35 (BF) M Johnston 9-2
D Tudhope
2 (6)
2 MOOJIM 15 B Smart 9-2
G Lee
3 (2)
6 DON'T TELL DANDY 15 K Dalgleish 8-11
C Beasley
4 (4)
3 JOSIEBOND 15 R Bastiman 8-11
Phil Dennis (3)
5 (7)
NICKI'S ANGEL R Fahey 8-11
P Hanagan
6 (1)
0 OXYGENIC 15 D O'Meara 8-11
Sam James
7 (3)
9-4 Deep Intrigue, 5-1 Moojim, Nicki's Angel, Oxygenic, 6-1 others.
Rob Wright?s choice: Deep Intrigue showed ability at Bath
and should relish this better ground
Danger: Moojim
Lingfield Park
Newcastle
2.40
Rob Wright
Rob Wright
1.50 Mr Bossy Boots
3.50 Fieldsman
2.20 Hateya
4.20 Billy?s Boots
2.50 Lashabeeh
4.50 Purple Jazz
3.20 Prince Ahwahnee
Going: standard
At The Races
Draw: 5f-1m, low numbers best
5.10 Photographer
5.45 Rainbow Rebel
6.20 Mr Potter
6.55 Bella Ferrari
Going: standard
Draw: no advantage
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
1.50
Selling Stakes
5.10
(�105: 1m 1y) (7)
L Keniry
1 (3) 53-00 CHELWOOD GATE 98 (V,CD) C Dore 8-9-12
T Whelan
2 (5) 00-00 MAMILLIUS 16 G Baker 5-9-12
W A Carson
3 (1) 00-00 FAVORITE STORY 22 C Wallis 4-9-7
4 (6) 34200 MR BOSSY BOOTS 58 (C) Mrs A Perrett 7-9-7 J Crowley
00 OUSDEN 30 (P) M Attwater 4-9-7
Paddy Bradley (5)
5 (4)
A Kirby
6 (2) 00-05 PHILBA 38 (T,D) P D Evans 6-9-7
7 (7) 400 SHINING VALLEY 30 B Johnson 4-9-7 Rossa Ryan (5)
7-4 Mr Bossy Boots, 5-2 Philba, 4-1 Mamillius, 8-1 Shining Valley, 10-1
Chelwood Gate, 20-1 Favorite Story, Ousden.
2.20
Handicap (3-Y-O: �105: 1m 1y) (9)
T Whelan
1 (5) 030 FROZEN BERE G Baker 9-9
S De Sousa
2 (6) 020 JUNEAU 14 M Johnston 9-9
E Greatrex
3 (7) 663- JUNGLE QUEEN 325 E Houghton 9-8
S W Kelly
4 (3) 05-42 APPENZELLER 24 (BF) R Hughes 9-8
P Cosgrave
5 (8) 36-63 HATEYA 11 J Boyle 9-7
W A Carson
6 (4) 51340 THE NIGHT KING 11 (D) Mick Quinn 9-4
L Keniry
7 (9) 00-0 RAGSTONE RIDGE 44 M McGrath 9-1
D O'Neill
8 (2) 005- FITZROVIA 192 E De Giles 8-13
C Bennett (3)
9 (1) 60-0 CHAMPS INBLUE 23 P Phelan 8-10
11-4 Appenzeller, 7-2 Juneau, 11-2 Fitzrovia, Hateya, 7-1 Frozen Bere, 8-1
Jungle Queen, 12-1 The Night King, 20-1 Ragstone Ridge, 25-1 Champs Inblue.
2.50
Novice Stakes
(�752: 6f 1y) (8)
56 AMARANTH 15 (T) M Scudamore 5-9-10
L Keniry
1 (5)
G Mahon (5)
2 (8) 040 LEGAL MIND 21 E Owen 5-9-10
BAMBAJEE T Pinfield 5-9-5
M Dwyer
3 (2)
A Kirby
4 (4) 160- CROSSING THE LINE 216 (D) A Balding 3-9-2
0 DRAGON MOON 15 R Hannon 3-9-0
T Marquand
5 (3)
5- ERAAD 192 C Hills 3-9-0
D O'Neill
6 (6)
2- LASHABEEH 156 R Varian 3-9-0
J Crowley
7 (7)
E Greatrex
8 (1) 00- BLACK LACE 156 S Woodman 3-8-9
6-4 Lashabeeh, 7-4 Crossing The Line, 9-2 Eraad, 11-2 Dragon Moon, 25-1
Amaranth, 33-1 Bambajee, 250-1 Black Lace, Legal Mind.
3.20
Handicap (3-Y-O: �531: 6f 1y) (4)
1 (3) 11-32 BIG TIME MAYBE 69 (T,P,BF) T Dascombe 9-12P Pilley (3)
S Levey
2 (1) 210- AL BARG 252 (D) R Hannon 9-7
A Kirby
3 (4) 4303- PRINCE AHWAHNEE 224 (P) Clive Cox 9-5
S De Sousa
4 (2) -5010 BRANSCOMBE 38 (B,CD) M Johnston 9-2
9-4 Prince Ahwahnee, 5-2 Al Barg, Big Time Maybe, 7-2 Branscombe.
3.50
Handicap (�752: 1m 1y) (12)
052-0 MR TYRRELL 13 R Hannon 4-9-7
S Levey
4-533 ARCTIC SEA 10 (D) P Cole 4-9-7
R Da Silva
0-343 FIELDSMAN 4 D Griffiths 6-9-6
A Kirby
0-320 ASSANILKA 60 (P,D) H Dunlop 4-9-5
S De Sousa
-3021 ACCOMPLICE 28 (CD) M Blanshard 4-9-1
D O'Neill
-3032 STEAL THE SCENE 69 K Frost 6-9-1
R Kingscote
1-205 MUHAJJAL 23 (T,C) G Peckham 4-9-0
Rossa Ryan (5)
016-0 MISTER MUSICMASTER 28 (CD) R Hodges 9-9-0
K O'Neill
Doubtful
9 (12) 52063 BUCKLAND BEAU 23 C Fellowes 7-8-13
H Burns (7)
10 (6) 12003 ROCK ICON 23 (D) J Hughes 5-8-13
K Fox
11 (8) -4460 ROSS RAITH ROVER 23 (C,D) L Carter 5-8-10
C Bennett (3)
12(10) 025-0 FINTECH 58 (T,V) P Hide 4-8-8
4-1 Accomplice, 6-1 Steal The Scene, 7-1 Arctic Sea, Fieldsman, 8-1 Assanilka,
Muhajjal, Ross Raith Rover, 10-1 Rock Icon, 12-1 Mr Tyrrell, 16-1 others.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
(9)
(7)
(2)
(5)
(11)
(3)
(1)
(4)
4.20
Handicap (�105: 5f 6y) (10)
H Crouch
1 (7) 0/05 REMAL DUBAI 42 G L Moore 4-9-7
Finley Marsh (5)
2 (5) 300-0 NUZHA 42 (D) A G Newcombe 4-9-6
L Keniry
3 (2) 0-002 WANEEN 36 (V,D) J Butler 5-9-6
C Bennett (3)
4 (1) 40234 CULLODEN 13 (D) Shaun Harris 6-9-6
A Kirby
5 (10) 20630 NAG'S WAG 10 (CD) C Dore 5-9-4
6 (4) 00646 DREAMS OF GLORY 14 (CD) R Hodges 10-9-3 K O'Neill
7 (9) -3043 PHAROH JAKE 2 (CD) J Bridger 10-9-2 Aled Beech (7)
T Marquand
8 (6) -0300 BILLY'S BOOTS 36 (D) J Jenkins 4-9-0
S W Kelly
9 (3) 04333 HURRICANE ALERT 10 (D) M Hoad 6-9-0
10 (8) 006-0 DOLLYWAGGON PIKE 10 J Jenkins 4-9-0Gina Mangan (7)
3-1 Culloden, Waneen, 6-1 Hurricane Alert, Remal Dubai, 7-1 Nag's Wag, 10-1
Nuzha, 12-1 Billy's Boots, 16-1 Dreams Of Glory, 20-1 others.
4.50
Handicap (3-Y-O: �105: 1m 4f) (11)
S W Kelly
1 (5) 000-6 POLLYISSIMO 28 (P) R Hughes 9-9
2 (6) 0-004 STORM AGAIN 23 (V) P Hide 9-7 Sebastian Woods (7)
R Kingscote
3 (4) 005-0 DUGGARY 13 (P) K Frost 9-5
Rossa Ryan (5)
4 (3) 550-4 KINGFAST 24 D Dennis 9-5
T Whelan
5 (7) 000- PURPLE JAZZ 137 G Baker 9-3
Joshua Bryan (5)
6 (2) 00-03 CLAN MCGREGOR 4 S Durack 9-3
04-03
DIABLERY
20
W
Stone
9-2
H
Burns (7)
7 (8)
8 (11) 00-0 EPSOM BOUNTY 34 (T) P Phelan 9-2 Paddy Bradley (5)
K Fox
9 (10) 0-00 ARGENT BLEU 20 R Ingram 8-13
S De Sousa
10 (9) 0-60 WALLFLOWER 98 Rae Guest 8-8
M Dwyer
11 (1) 064 ZARRAR 32 (T,B) B Powell 8-7
7-2 Clan McGregor, 4-1 Pollyissimo, 6-1 Storm Again, Wallflower, 7-1
Diablery, Kingfast, 12-1 Purple Jazz, 14-1 Zarrar, 16-1 others.
Blinkered first time: Cheltenham 6.40 Subtle
Sovereign. 7.50 Kilmacallogue Bay. 8.25 Cyrien Star.
Lingfield Park 3.50 Fintech. 4.50 Storm Again.
Musselburgh 4.40 Ce La Vie.
7.30 Bambino Lola
8.05 Aguerooo
8.40 Stewardess
At The Races
Novice Stakes
(3-Y-O: �140: 1m 2f 42y) (8)
A Atzeni
1 (4) 2-1 GALACTIC SPIRIT 88 M Botti 9-9
1- PHOTOGRAPHER 176 (D) J Gosden 9-9
R Havlin
2 (6)
CELESTIAL FORCE T Dascombe 9-2
P J McDonald
3 (7)
J Quinn
4 (1) 00- COMPORTA 209 I Mohammed 9-2
4 EL GHAZWANI 15 H Palmer 9-2
Josephine Gordon
5 (5)
KARMA KING J Camacho 9-2
Cal Rodriguez (3)
6 (2)
MOUNT ARARAT K Burke 9-2
C Lee (3)
7 (3)
50 HARLEQUIN DANCER 13 L Mullaney 8-11
J Fanning
8 (8)
Evens Photographer, 7-2 El Ghazwani, Galactic Spirit, 10-1 Celestial Force,
Mount Ararat, 33-1 Comporta, 66-1 Karma King, 100-1 Harlequin Dancer.
5.45
Handicap (�081: 1m 2f 42y) (5)
A Atzeni
1 (3) 2316- KARAWAAN 250 (D) Sir M Stoute 4-9-7
2 (5) 03614 RAINBOW REBEL 6 (C,D) M Johnston 5-9-6 J Fanning
C Hardie
3 (4) 123-5 CORKED 111 (D) A Whillans 5-8-13
P J McDonald
4 (1) 4-630 BOUNDERBY 55 D M Loughnane 4-8-10
L Morris
5 (2) 4/41 ELYSEES PALACE 37 Sir M Prescott 4-8-9
6-4 Elysees Palace, 3-1 Karawaan, Rainbow Rebel, 6-1 Corked, 12-1
Bounderby.
6.20
Handicap (�493: 1m 5y) (14)
Paula Muir (7)
1 (5) 0000- PROSECUTE 199 S Regan 5-9-7
2 (13) 36-22 SUPREME POWER 4 (T,P) Miss T Waggott 4-9-7J Fanning
L Morris
3 (1) -4010 ROMANTIC 11 (D) N Kelly (Ire) 9-9-6
T Eaves
4 (3) -6201 HIGHWAYMAN 56 (CD) D Thompson 5-9-3
5 (4) 3000- DIAMOND RUNNER 196 (B,D) L Mullaney 6-9-3 C Lee (3)
J Garritty
6 (2) /503- SERVO 155 Miss L Siddall 4-9-2
Cal Rodriguez (3)
7 (11) 56400 TOP OFFER 6 (P) P Morris 9-9-1
8 (7) 65324 MR POTTER 28 (V,C,BF) Richard Guest 5-9-1 P J McDonald
9 (8) 040-0 ALLUX BOY 13 N Tinkler 4-9-0 Faye McManoman (7)
10(14) 61134 LUKOUTOLDMAKEZEBAK 37 (P,CD) D Thompson 5-9-0
H Shaw (5)
11 (6) 50-56 PITCH HIGH 88 (C) Miss J Feilden 4-8-12
Shelley Birkett (3)
C Hardie
12 (9) 0-000 CIRCLING VULTURES 60 A Brittain 4-8-11
Doubtful (5)
13(12) 05-40 SHUDBEME 86 (P) S Spencer 5-8-7
B McHugh
14(10) 65/4 GIANT BRADLEY 33 Tony Coyle 5-8-7
4-1 Supreme Power, 6-1 Lukoutoldmakezebak, Romantic, 7-1 Highwayman,
8-1 Mr Potter, 10-1 Servo, 14-1 Diamond Runner, Pitch High, 16-1 others.
6.55
Novice Stakes (�140: 5f) (8)
J Garritty
1 (4) 5-1 BRIAN RYAN 38 (H,CD) Mrs R Carr 3-9-6
P J McDonald
2 (2) 41- FOOL FOR YOU 206 (D) R Fahey 3-9-4
A Atzeni
3 (3) 016- SARSHAMPLA 259 (D) D Simcock 3-9-4
J Quinn
4 (7) 4360- AVENGING RED 170 A West 3-9-2
0- BURNS SUPPER 340 J Ewart 3-9-2
R Pindar (7)
5 (8)
Phil Dennis (3)
6 (1) 00-25 PRIMO'S COMET 13 J Goldie 3-9-2
P Mulrennan
7 (6) 0-2 BELLA FERRARI 11 (H) G Scott 3-8-11
MADAM DEVIOUS R Cowell 3-8-11
Doubtful
8 (5)
6-4 Sarshampla, 3-1 Fool For You, 6-1 Bella Ferrari, Primo's Comet, 8-1 others.
7.30
Handicap (�704: 7f 14y) (10)
1 (2) -1000 VON BLUCHER 13 (P,CD) R Menzies 5-10-5
Connor Murtagh (5)
H Shaw (5)
2 (5) 300-0 ROBERO 6 (CD) M W Easterby 6-9-13
3 (1) 000-0 WAR DEPARTMENT 44 (V,CD) K Dalgleish 5-9-12
C Beasley
4 (10) 14-45 BINT ARCANO 48 (CD) J Camacho 5-9-11 P Mulrennan
D Tudhope
5 (8) /05-5 GOLDEN STEPS 25 (H,D) J Goldie 7-9-11
T Eaves
6 (7) 0000- GURKHA FRIEND 162 Karen McLintock 6-9-8
Phil Dennis (3)
7 (6) 1400- STRONG STEPS 213 J Goldie 6-9-6
8 (4) 10345 CUSTARD THE DRAGON 9 (P,D) J Mackie 5-9-6 J Fanning
A Atzeni
9 (9) 16/4- SPANISH CITY 314 (C) R Varian 5-9-6
J Quinn
10 (3) 1310- BAMBINO LOLA 239 (D) A West 3-9-2
9-4 Spanish City, 9-2 War Department, 6-1 Bint Arcano, Robero, 8-1 Von
Blucher, 10-1 Bambino Lola, Golden Steps, 16-1 others.
8.05
Handicap (�140: 6f) (14)
555- CIRCUIT JUDGE 240 M Herrington 4-9-7
T Eaves
0-000 BOUCLIER 41 (D) J Unett 8-9-7
Doubtful
6-030 AGUEROOO 7 (P,D) D Griffiths 5-9-7
D Allan
0-650 KATHEEFA 13 Mrs R Carr 4-9-7
J Garritty
-6330 POPPY IN THE WIND 60 (V,C,D) Alan Brown 6-9-6
A Mullen
6 (11) 3-405 KINGOFMERROWS 88 Mrs K Tutty 4-9-5
Gemma Tutty (5)
Faye McManoman (7)
7 (7) 635-0 CLIFF 13 (D) N Tinkler 8-9-5
8 (4) 30121 TIGERWOLF 6 (D) D M Loughnane 5-9-5 E J Walsh (3)
J Sullivan
9 (13) 0-000 MESHARDAL 13 (P,D) Mrs R Carr 8-9-4
10(10) 12530 DUKE COSIMO 15 (CD) M Herrington 8-9-4 P J McDonald
11 (3) 000-1 INDEPENDENCE DAY 50 S Donohoe (Ire) 5-9-4 J Haynes
D Tudhope
12 (6) 31-45 INSURPLUS 35 (C,BF) J Goldie 5-9-3
G Lee
13(12) 3306- EPEIUS 175 (CD) B Haslam 5-9-0
14 (5) 66-40 ROBBEN RAINBOW 58 (D) T D Barron 4-9-0 B A Curtis
7-2 Independence Day, 4-1 Tigerwolf, 8-1 Duke Cosimo, 10-1 Cliff, Epeius,
Poppy In The Wind, 11-1 Aguerooo, 14-1 Insurplus, 16-1 others.
1
2
3
4
5
(9)
(8)
(1)
(2)
(14)
8.40
Fillies' Handicap
(3-Y-O: �140: 5f) (6)
G Lee
1 (1) 005-0 MISS DD 27 (H) I Jardine 9-7
L Edmunds (3)
2 (3) 4631- DAFFY JANE 230 (D) N Tinkler 9-7
D Nolan
3 (5) 023-0 STEWARDESS 9 R Fahey 9-5
P Mulrennan
4 (6) -2241 CHERRY OAK 37 (CD) B Haslam 9-4
L Morris
5 (4) 1-414 TY ROCK BRANDY 49 (D) L Smyth (Ire) 9-4
J Quinn
6 (2) 006-4 TERRI RULES 30 Miss J Feilden 8-6
9-4 Daffy Jane, 4-1 Cherry Oak, Ty Rock Brandy, 5-1 Stewardess, 6-1 others.
Handicap (�987: 5f 1y) (14)
66-65 ROYAL BRAVE 34 (CD) R Bastiman 7-9-11
D Tudhope
00-61 RAPID APPLAUSE 8 (D) M W Easterby 6-9-11 N Evans
1200- LONGROOM 195 (CD) N Wilson 6-9-10
C Beasley
234-0 HAROME 45 (D) R G Fell 4-9-7
T Hamilton
255-0 LANDING NIGHT 35 (T,P,CD) R Menzies 6-9-7 R Scott (3)
140-0 FETHIYE BOY 41 (T,D) D M Loughnane 4-9-6
A Mullen
241-1 LYDIATE LADY 15 (D) E Alston 6-9-6
Rachel Richardson (3)
D Allan
8 (9) 13453 PEARL ACCLAIM 22 (P,CD) D Griffiths 8-9-4
J Sullivan
9 (14) 0-263 SUWAAN 7 (CD) Mrs R Carr 4-9-3
P Makin
10(12) 36-02 TANASOQ 8 P Midgley 5-9-3
Phil Dennis (3)
11 (7) 24532 TOMMY G 34 (P,BF) J Goldie 5-9-2
12 (5) 00-40 LEXINGTON PLACE 15 (CD) Mrs R Carr 8-9-1 J Garritty
13(11) 50-16 PEA SHOOTER 20 (T,CD) B Ellison 9-8-12 B Robinson (5)
P Hanagan
14 (3) 024-0 LADY CRISTAL 97 (P,CD) K Burke 4-8-6
9-2 Lydiate Lady, 11-2 Rapid Applause, 13-2 Tanasoq, Tommy G, 15-2 Suwaan,
9-1 Royal Brave, 10-1 Longroom, 11-1 Pearl Acclaim, 14-1 others.
(13)
(2)
(8)
(6)
(10)
(4)
(1)
Wright choice: Royal Brave won three times here last year
and is well drawn Dangers: Rapid Applause, Pearl Acclaim
3.10
Handicap (�399: 7f 33y) (12)
J Sullivan
(1) 02/4- SUREYOUTOLDME 275 Mrs R Carr 4-9-7
D Tudhope
(8) 04446 ACADIAN ANGEL 32 (D) J J Quinn 4-9-5
J Hart
(6) 0016- CHICKENFORTEA 185 (D) E Alston 4-9-4
(10) 3-535 COUNT MONTECRISTO 52 (P) R G Fell 6-9-4 T Hamilton
G Lee
(2) 5063- CRAZY TORNADO 204 K Dalgleish 5-9-3
Doubtful
(12) 230-4 KODICAT 43 K A Ryan 4-9-3
C Beasley
(4) 4-664 COBALTY ISLE 37 K Dalgleish 4-9-3
Josh Quinn (7)
(5) 05306 ZORAVAN 6 (V,D) K Dalgleish 5-9-2
(3) 4340- ROYAL DUCHESS 204 (D) Mrs L Normile 8-9-2
J Gormley (5)
P Hanagan
10(11) 345-0 ROYAL CONNOISSEUR 13 R Fahey 7-9-1
11 (7) -0360 SMUGGLERS CREEK 9 (D) I Jardine 4-9-0 P Mulrennan
12 (9) 33-00 DONNELLY'S RAINBOW 51 (D) R Bastiman 5-8-13
Phil Dennis (3)
9-2 Acadian Angel, 5-1 Royal Connoisseur, 6-1 Cobalty Isle, Sureyoutoldme,
7-1 Chickenfortea, 8-1 Royal Duchess, 10-1 others.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Wright choice: Acadian Angel should appreciate this
return to turf
Dangers: Chickenfortea, Cobalty Isle
3.40
Handicap (3-Y-O: �987: 7f 33y) (8)
B A Curtis
1 (2) 36-1 MOSALIM 28 (D) W Haggas 9-8
D Allan
2 (7) -3141 TRIBAL WARRIOR 30 (D) J Tate 9-7
D Tudhope
3 (1) 12222 MONTAGUE 49 (D) D O'Meara 9-6
P Mulrennan
4 (3) 1632- BYRON'S CHOICE 227 M Dods 9-4
5 (4) 5110- MOVE TO THE FRONT 191 (V,D) K Dalgleish 9-3C Beasley
P Hanagan
6 (8) -2212 DUBAI ACCLAIM 41 R Fahey 9-3
J Hart
7 (6) 55-44 MILTON ROAD 24 R Bastiman 8-12
S A Gray
8 (5) 3034- HAVANA MARIPOSA 165 K Burke 8-9
15-8 Mosalim, 5-1 Tribal Warrior, 6-1 Dubai Acclaim, Montague, 7-1 Move To
The Front, 8-1 Byron's Choice, 12-1 Havana Mariposa, 20-1 Milton Road.
Wright choice: Tribal Warrior won well at Kempton and
can defy a 5lb rise
Dangers: Mosalim, Montague
4.10
Handicap (�105: 1m 4f 104y) (10)
B A Curtis
1 (3) 00-03 FOUR KINGDOMS 4 (D) K Burke 4-9-9
2 (7) 33020 POUR L'AMOUR 20 (D) D M Loughnane 5-9-7 A Mullen
P Hanagan
3 (8) 2113- ROYAL COSMIC 184 (CD) R Fahey 4-9-6
C Beasley
4 (9) 4-035 FALCON'S FIRE 77 (B,CD) K Dalgleish 5-9-1
J Gormley (5)
5 (2) 5441- ELITE ICON 233 I Jardine 4-9-1
P Mulrennan
6 (6) 4-630 TRAUTMANN 4 (P) R Menzies 4-8-12
J Hart
7 (5) 450-0 MELANNA 13 (D) Mrs S Barclay 7-8-11
G Lee
8 (10) 2300- RAVENSWOOD 184 K Slack 5-8-10
S A Gray
9 (1) 40030 LESANTI 43 E De Giles 4-8-7
J Sullivan
10 (4) 0006- HOT GOSSIP 58J Mrs D Sayer 4-8-7
3-1 Royal Cosmic, 7-2 Elite Icon, 4-1 Four Kingdoms, 13-2 Falcon's Fire, 10-1
Pour L'Amour, Trautmann, 12-1 Ravenswood, 16-1 Lesanti, 20-1 others.
Wright choice: Elite Icon won at Carlisle in September and
can follow up
Dangers: Royal Cosmic, Four Kingdoms
4.40
Handicap (�763: 1m 208y) (10)
D Tudhope
1 (8) /00-1 TRADING POINT 8 (D) D O'Meara 4-10-4
2 (2) 3236- ROYAL REGENT 202 (D) Mrs L Normile 6-10-2
J Gormley (5)
P Mulrennan
3 (4) 132-0 MOOLTAZEM 13 M Dods 4-10-0
G Lee
4 (9) 1446- HELOVAPLAN 231 B Smart 4-10-0
N Evans
5 (3) 3400- GWORN 213 (D) R Mike Smith 8-9-12
J Sullivan
6 (5) 450-4 CE LA VIE 38 (V) K Dalgleish 4-9-9
R Scott (3)
7 (10) 4430- FOREVER A LADY 200 K Dalgleish 5-9-4
D Allan
8 (7) 4010- CHINESE SPIRIT 196 (D) R Mike Smith 4-9-4
A Mullen
9 (1) 060-0 MONT ROYAL 32 (D) O Pears 4-9-1
P Hanagan
10 (6) 0145- AL OZZDI 237 (H,T) S Crisford 3-8-8
11-8 Trading Point, 5-1 Mooltazem, 11-2 Al Ozzdi, 9-1 Royal Regent, 10-1
Helovaplan, 12-1 Gworn, 14-1 Forever A Lady, 16-1 Chinese Spirit, 20-1 others.
Wright choice: Trading Point made a winning start for his
new yard at Beverley Dangers: Helovaplan, Mooltazem
5.15
Handicap (�105: 1m 208y) (14)
P Makin
1 (4) 0300- HAYMARKET 181 (CD) R Mike Smith 9-9-9
D Nolan
2 (6) 5130- INTIWIN 181 (BF) Miss L Perratt 6-9-7
03104
RAVENHOE 3 (D) M Johnston 5-9-7
A Breslin (7)
3 (2)
4 (14) -1024 ADVENTUREMAN 13 (P,C) Mrs R Carr 6-9-5 J Sullivan
P Hanagan
5 (7) 0-160 GHOSTLY ARC 9 (T,CD) N Wilson 6-9-3
6 (11) 04015 GONE WITH THE WIND 25 (P,D) R Bastiman 7-9-1J Hart
R Scott (3)
7 (9) 3120- QUIET MOMENT 169 K Dalgleish 4-9-1
S A Gray
8 (10) /00-0 MY VALENTINO 40 (B) Mrs D Sayer 5-8-13
G Lee
9 (8) 03352 NEW ABBEY ANGEL 43 K Dalgleish 5-8-13
10 (3) 5022- STARDRIFTER 170 (D,BF) Miss L Perratt 6-8-11 A Mullen
H Russell (7)
11 (1) 5230- SIYAHAMBA 142 B Smart 4-8-9
12(12) 400-0 COLOUR CONTRAST 38 (V) I Jardine 5-8-9J Gormley (5)
13 (5) 05-03 MOUNT CHEIRON 25 (D) Mrs S Barclay 7-8-7
Rachel Richardson (3)
N Evans
14(13) 450-0 PALACE BALL 15 M W Easterby 4-8-7
11-2 Gone With The Wind, 6-1 New Abbey Angel, 13-2 Adventureman, 7-1
Haymarket, 15-2 Quiet Moment, 9-1 Ravenhoe, 10-1 others.
Wright choice: Stardrifter found seven furlongs too sharp
at Newcastle Dangers: Quiet Moment, New Abbey Angel
8.25
Cheltenham
4.55
Racing UK
Hunters' Chase
(�998: 2m 62y) (15)
211U- MONSIEUR GIBRALTAR 40 (T,D,BF) Mrs R Loxton 7-12-2
Mr L Williams (3)
2 PP61- MANTOU 11 (T,P,D) S Allwood 7-11-13 Mr E Glassonbury (3)
3 10/P- AZURE GLAMOUR 26P (T,D,BF) A Leyshon 9-11-10
Mr J King
Mr J Martin (5)
4 /3PP- BRAVE JAQ 12 (H,T) R Potter 7-11-10
Mr Nick Williams
5 /P21- CHAMPIONE 75P (T) J Tudor 8-11-10
6 66P0- CURRAGH HALL 11 (T,P,D) Luke Humphrey 10-11-10
Miss L Pinchin (7)
Mr D Peters (7)
7 16P1- DIDO 12P D Peters 8-11-10
8 /661- EXTREME APPEAL 13P (B) Miss K Morgan 6-11-10
Mr W Biddick
9 5P5-F GUITING POWER 5P Mrs A Campbell 7-11-10
Mr S Morgan (7)
10 40/5- LOUGHADERRA PRINCE 95 T George 9-11-10
Mr N George (3)
Mr B Gibbs (3)
11 5P2P- MR SAWYER 26P K Jacka 9-11-10
12 11/1- OLD PRIDE 27P (H,D) Mrs D Ralph 10-11-10 Mr Alex Edwards
4/PPSADMA
26
(D)
N
Lampard
9-11-10
Miss
A Bell (7)
13
14 26P2- SAM CAVALLARO 13P (P,CD) Miss H Brookshaw 12-11-10
Mr Jack Andrews (5)
Mr G Treacy (7)
15 0444- SWALLOWSHIDE 12 J Young 9-11-10
15-8 Monsieur Gibraltar, 9-2 Loughaderra Prince, 11-2 Mantou, 7-1 Old Pride,
10-1 Sam Cavallaro, 12-1 Extreme Appeal, 14-1 Dido, 20-1 others.
Hunters' Chase
(�797: 3m 2f) (13)
1111- DUHALLOW TORNADO 27 (D) C Pimlott 6-12-4
Mr Tom Strawson (7)
2 /111- BALLYBANE 26P (T,P) Miss C Harris 8-11-12
Mr D Prichard (3)
Mr S Quinlan (3)
3 1FU2- BLAZING TOM 26P J Tudor 7-11-12
1P52FORTUNE
BOUND
26P
R
Bandey
9-11-12Mr
M McIntyre (3)
4
5 33U1- MAHLERS SPIRIT 34P A Pennock 8-11-12 Mr E David (5)
6 1612- MR MACLENNANE 20P (P) N Wright 7-11-12
Mr A Wright (7)
Mr Alex Edwards
7 4111- OPTIMISED 34P P Rowley 6-11-12
8 1112- SUMMER SOUNDS 19P (P) F Nimmo 9-11-12
Mr J Jackson-Stops (7)
9 4451- VELVET COGNAC 19P (P) A Hill 10-11-12
Mr Jack Andrews (5)
Mr D Peters (7)
10 121U- WELSH'S CASTLE 20P D Kemp 6-11-12
Mr J King
11 5212- FOLLOWING MAMA 54P Mrs D Ralph 7-11-5
Miss G Andrews
12 5311- KALABALOO 12P T Ellis 6-11-5
13 4P01- THEGIRLFROMMILAN 32P D Gibbs 8-11-5 Mr B Gibbs (3)
11-8 Duhallow Tornado, 13-2 Optimised, 8-1 Ballybane, Mr Maclennane, 10-1
Welsh's Castle, 12-1 Blazing Tom, Thegirlfrommilan, 14-1 others.
1
6.05
Hunters' Chase
(�897: 3m 1f 56y) (9)
2142- BALLY RIVER BOY 13P (H) J Slatter 7-12-0
Miss A Stirling (3)
651-2 BIG GEORGIE 5P (BF) J M Ridley 11-12-0
Mr J Ridley (5)
045/1 FINDLAY'S FIND 5P (T) Mrs J Mansell 12-12-0
Mr D Mansell
4 16d1- FOXCUB 20P (P) R Potter 10-12-0 Miss Emma Yardley (7)
Mr C Dando (7)
5 1/11- KIT BARRY 34P D Dando 10-12-0
Mr S Morgan (7)
6 P322- LIGHT FLICKER 26P A Campbell 6-12-0
7 32P3- MASTER SUNRISE 20P (P,BF) Mrs D Ralph 9-12-0 Mr J King
Mr Z Baker
8 3441- MINELLA FRIEND 19P Mrs K Smyly 9-12-0
Mr Alex Edwards
9 P111- STOLEAWAY 13P P Rowley 8-12-0
13-8 Stoleaway, 7-2 Foxcub, 11-2 Master Sunrise, 13-2 Kit Barry, 12-1 Bally
River Boy, Light Flicker, Minella Friend, 16-1 Findlay's Find, 20-1 Big Georgie.
1
2
3
6.40
Hunters' Chase
(�,990: 3m 2f 70y) (11)
5221- ABRICOT DE L'OASIS 12 (P) J H Henderson 8-12-4
Mr F Henderson
1213- BAREL OF LAUGHS 49 (P,CD) P Rowley 12-12-4
Mr Alex Edwards
Miss K Lyons
3 62FP- FOUROVAKIND 43 (B) M Hazell 13-12-4
4 /321- OWEN GLENDOWER 34P (T) Miss H Gregory 13-12-4
Miss Hannah Gregory
Miss L Turner
5 531-U PENTIFFIC 5P (P) P Turner 15-12-4
6 0616- SENTIMENTALJOURNEY 26P (D) R W Varnham 11-12-1
Mr Nathan Rahman
7 /203- THE WEALERDEALER 166P (D) I Chanin 11-12-1
Mr W Biddick
Mr B Gibbs
8 0142- ASOCKASTAR 34P (P) D Bourne 10-11-12
Miss Jodie Hughes
9 /B21- KELSEY 19P M Bowen 8-11-12
Mr J King
10 U631- SHANTOU TIGER 20P (T) A Leyshon 9-11-12
11 /121- SUBTLE SOVEREIGN 13P (B) Mrs T Clark 11-11-12
Miss L Mager
4-5 Barel Of Laughs, 3-1 Abricot De L'Oasis, 10-1 Fourovakind, The
Wealerdealer, 20-1 Shantou Tiger, Subtle Sovereign, 25-1 others.
1
2
7.15
Mares' Hunters' Chase
(�897: 3m 1f 56y) (9)
1P11- DABINETT MOON 34P Mrs F Marriott 10-12-0
Mrs C Hardwick (3)
P212- FRELIA 20P (T,CD,BF) D Gibbs 7-11-11
Mr B Gibbs (3)
1PP3- MARTHA'S BENEFIT 12P A Nicholls 9-11-11
Mr W Milburn (7)
Mr B Carver (7)
4 1131- PALMARIA 17 (H) Mrs C Keevil 8-11-11
5 1P22- QUEEN OLIVIA 10 (H,D) Miss V Collins 10-11-11
Miss L Tickle (7)
6 1P/2- MAYBE PLENTY 26P Mrs K Smyly 9-11-8 Miss K Lyons (5)
7 F311- POPAWAY 12P (T,CD) Mrs P Harkin 13-11-8
Miss Immy Robinson (7)
8 2232/ ROSEYROO 411P (W) Miss L Cabble 11-11-8
Mr D Andrews (7)
9 3/11- TEETON POWER 12P Miss L Harris 7-11-8
Mr Jack Andrews (5)
7-2 Popaway, 4-1 Dabinett Moon, Frelia, Palmaria, 13-2 Queen Olivia, 10-1
Teeton Power, 14-1 Maybe Plenty, 16-1 Roseyroo, 25-1 Martha's Benefit.
1
2
3
7.50
Hunters' Chase
(�897: 4m 120y) (14)
0145- AL CO 43 (B,D) M Bowen 13-11-13
Mr P Bryan (5)
2121- BATTLE DUST 43 (P) P Rowley 9-11-13 Mr Alex Edwards
323P- MON PARRAIN 22 (T,P,C) Mrs K Smyly 12-11-13
Miss P Fuller
4 1331- SUPREME DANEHILL 13P (P) A Hill 10-11-13
Mr Jack Andrews (5)
5 /332- BLAZING BUCK 13P (T) G Moore 12-11-10 Miss H Lewis (5)
6 2211- EXCITABLE ISLAND 20P (BF) N W Padfield 11-11-10
Miss G Andrews
7 3402- FARMER MATT 19P (T,P) T Murray 12-11-10
Mr T Murray (7)
8 11/P- HARD STATION 72 (T) R Bandey 9-11-10 Mr M McIntyre (3)
9 1/23- KILMACALLOGUE BAY 19P (B) R Potter 12-11-10
Miss Emma Yardley (7)
10 /0P3- MR MICHANDA 26P Mrs S Tickle 12-11-10 Miss L Tickle (7)
Miss L Turner (7)
11 /U42- RICHMOND 26P (P) P Turner 13-11-10
12 PPP2- U ME AND THEM 6P (P) Miss H Taylor 9-11-10
Mr M Comley (7)
13 UU44- VINCITORE 13P (T) Miss S Rippon 12-11-10
Miss S Rippon (7)
Mr D Peters (7)
14 2111- YOU TOO PET 20P D Peters 10-11-10
9-4 Al Co, 9-2 Battle Dust, 6-1 Mon Parrain, 9-1 Blazing Buck, Excitable Island,
11-1 Kilmacallogue Bay, Supreme Danehill, 16-1 Mr Michanda, 18-1 others.
1
2
3
4356- FOREVER MY FRIEND 25 (B,D) M Bowen 11-12-2
Mr P Bryan (5)
2241- FULL TROTTLE 25 (T,CD) Miss L Thomas 9-12-2 Mr S Lee (7)
4444- KILFINICHEN BAY 40 (D) F Hutsby 10-12-2
Mr Jordan Nailor (5)
4 P311- MR MERCURIAL 10 (T,C,D) Mrs S Crow 10-12-2 Mr H Crow (7)
6132BEAR'S
AFFAIR
22
(D)
P
Rowley
12-11-13
Mr Alex Edwards
5
6 3P25- LINED WITH SILVER 175 Miss H Taylor 9-11-13
Mr J Jeavons (7)
7 1P2U- NUMBERCRUNCHER 25 (D) D O'Brien 12-11-13
Mr David O'Brien (7)
8 60/1- SALUBRIOUS 26 (C,D) Miss C Roddick 11-11-13
Mr L Williams (3)
9 1202- SHOTAVODKA 14 (D) Miss H Brookshaw 12-11-13
Mr H Nugent (3)
10 3043- CRAZY JACK 25 (D) Mrs A Hewitt 10-11-10 Mr G Crow (3)
11 442U- CREEPY 34P (P,C,D) Mrs C Hardwick 10-11-10
Mrs C Hardwick (3)
12 RPPP- CYRIEN STAR 19P (B,D) R Potter 11-11-10
Miss Emma Yardley (7)
Mr W Biddick
13 /320- DISTIME 22 (P) Mrs D Ralph 12-11-10
14 234P- MITEBEALL FORLUCK 13P (P,D) D Brace 10-11-10
Mr Connor Brace (7)
15 512d- NI SIN E MO AINM 19P (D) Miss A Bell 10-11-10
Miss A Bell (7)
Mr S Burton (7)
16 /PPP- RED INCA 6P (T) C Rutledge 10-11-10
17 11/P- SILVER ROQUE 84 (P) M Vestey 12-11-10 Mr M McIntyre (3)
Mr M Comley (7)
18 PP42- TINELYRA 19P A Campbell 12-11-10
Mr B Gibbs (3)
19 P/4P- MARYAM JAAN 26P (T) K Jacka 9-11-3
9-2 Bear's Affair, 5-1 Mr Mercurial, Salubrious, 11-2 Shotavodka, 6-1 Full
Trottle, 8-1 Forever My Friend, Kilfinichen Bay, 12-1 others.
1
7.15 Frelia
7.50 Battle Dust
8.25 Full Trottle
1
5.30
Hunters' Chase
(�998: 2m 4f 166y) (19)
2
3
Chepstow
Rob Wright
2.00 Tyrolean
4.00 Lope De Loop
2.30 Ishallak
4.30 Desert Ace
3.00 Milan Reef
5.00 Unblinking
3.30 Tallow
Going: heavy (soft in places)
Draw: no advantage
At The Races
2.00
Handicap (�752: 1m 4f) (6)
Nicola Currie (5)
1 (4) 2111- HOPE IS HIGH 225 J Berry 5-9-11
J P Spencer
2 (5) 2125- ASTUTE BOY 217 (T,BF) H Fry 4-9-11
3 (3) -0615 CAPE BANJO 27 (P,D,BF) N Mulholland 5-9-7 Fran Berry
C Shepherd
4 (6) 0-242 BOMBERO 18 (BF) E De Giles 4-9-1
5 (2) 150-6 INCREDIBLE DREAM 41 (P,CD) D Ivory 5-9-1 J Duern (3)
F Norton
6 (1) 0230- TYROLEAN 189 D Burchell 5-8-11
3-1 Bombero, 7-2 Cape Banjo, 4-1 Hope Is High, Incredible Dream, 9-2 others.
2.30
Novice Stakes (�752: 1m 2f) (7)
1 (3) 0000- CHAMPAGNE FREDDIE 240 John O'Shea 5-10-0
T J Murphy
0 COEUR BLIMEY 13 S Gardner 7-10-0
J P Spencer
2 (5)
3 (1) 0/0- MOANS CROSS 324 (H) D Bridgwater 4-10-0 D C Costello
Fran Berry
4 (2) 6000- ONE LINER 142 John O'Shea 4-10-0
Georgia Cox (3)
5 (4) 0-40 NAFAAYES 4 J Auvray 4-9-9
5 ISHALLAK 18 R Beckett 3-8-13
L Steward
6 (7)
4 KING LUD 15 A Balding 3-8-13
O Murphy
7 (6)
8-11 King Lud, 7-4 Coeur Blimey, 10-1 Ishallak, 16-1 Nafaayes, 20-1 others.
3.00
Fillies' Handicap
(3-Y-O: �752: 7f 16y) (8)
R Hornby
1 (7) 3255- GOODNIGHT GIRL 216 J Portman 9-10
O Murphy
2 (4) 23-3 GILDED HOUR 16 R Beckett 9-10
3 (8) 105-5 PASTAMAKESUFASTER 115 (D) J Flint 9-7 W Cox (5)
D Probert
4 (5) 261-2 GREAT SHOT SAM 9 (D) A Balding 9-4
P Dobbs
5 (6) 0421- FIRE ORCHID 149 (D) R Hannon 9-3
6 (2) 266-0 ISABELLA MAYSON 27 W S Kittow 8-12 K Shoemark
Fran Berry
7 (3) 025-0 MILAN REEF 11 (C) D Loughnane 8-12
Rhiain Ingram (5)
8 (1) -4335 POLLY'S GOLD 18 K George 8-6
9-4 Great Shot Sam, 3-1 Gilded Hour, 9-2 Goodnight Girl, 6-1 others.
3.30
Handicap (3-Y-O: �531: 1m 14y) (6)
C Bishop
1 (4) 100- STATUARIO 206 (C) E Houghton 9-7
K Shoemark
2 (5) 511-0 TALLOW 14 (P) W Haggas 9-7
Georgia Cox (3)
3 (1) 046-0 ISLAND SOUND 15 Mrs H Main 9-4
Fran Berry
4 (2) 4000- JOUST 188 D M Loughnane 9-1
5 (3) 6502- MARBLE BAR 177 (BF) H Candy 8-13 Nicola Currie (5)
O Murphy
6 (6) 050-3 UNBRIDLED SPIRIT 18 A Balding 8-8
5-2 Marble Bar, 3-1 Unbridled Spirit, Tallow, 4-1 Statuario, 12-1 others.
4.00
Handicap (3-Y-O: �105: 6f 16y) (8)
1 (4) 0-240 GRANDMA TILLY 2 (BF) S Hollinshead 9-9 Toby Eley (7)
2 (7) -5322 GIVE EM A CLUMP 2 (B,D) P D Evans 9-8
Nicola Currie (5)
Fran Berry
3 (5) 42-50 LOPE DE LOOP 29 (P) P D Evans 9-7
J Fahy
4 (1) 040-0 DIAMOND EXPRESS 14 R Teal 9-2
540-4
GRAND
ACCLAIM
14
H
Dunlop
9-0
F Norton
5 (8)
O Murphy
6 (2) 0-60 FELSTEAD KNIGHT 79 J Tuite 8-13
7 (3) 456-0 COUNTERFEIT 36 (P) K George 8-13 Rhiain Ingram (5)
R Hornby
8 (6) 0004- SWISS PSALM 143 M Gillard 8-7
9-4 Give Em A Clump, 4-1 Grandma Tilly, 9-2 Grand Acclaim, 11-2 others.
4.30
Handicap (�752: 5f 16y) (6)
D C Costello
1 (3) 2-604 DESERT ACE 8 (P,D) P Midgley 7-9-7
D Probert
2 (6) /031- EDGED OUT 320 (CD) C Mason 8-9-6
3 (4) 3010- SEAMSTER 174 (T,D) D Loughnane 11-9-6
Laura Coughlan (7)
4 (1) 02202 SATCHVILLE FLYER 28 (P,C,D,BF) P D Evans 7-9-6
Fran Berry
O Murphy
5 (2) 36055 KINGLAMI 4 (P,CD) John O'Shea 9-9-3
W Cox (5)
6 (5) 336-0 QUANTUM DOT 13 (B,CD) E De Giles 7-8-7
2-1 Kinglami, 3-1 Desert Ace, 5-1 Edged Out, Satchville Flyer, 7-1 Seamster,
12-1 Quantum Dot.
5.00
Handicap (�105: 2m) (7)
Jason Watson (5)
1 (7) 0/6-0 QUIDS IN 11 (T) O Greenall 5-9-10
F Norton
2 (5) 33463 FITZWILLY 44 (D) M Channon 8-9-10
T J Murphy
3 (2) 3-036 RAHMAH 44 (C) G Deacon 6-9-9
4 (6) 35/0- OUR FOLLY 178J (W,T,CD) W S Kittow 10-9-5 O Murphy
5 (4) 005-2 UNBLINKING 7J (T) N Twiston-Davies 5-9-3 K Shoemark
W Cox (5)
6 (1) 44/44 TRAVIS BICKLE 41 (B) J Flint 7-8-8
D Probert
7 (3) 30-33 OCEAN GALE 4 (BF) R Price 5-8-7
9-4 Unblinking, 5-2 Fitzwilly, 9-2 Ocean Gale, 7-1 Rahmah, 10-1 Our Folly,
Quids In, 16-1 Travis Bickle.
Course specialists
Cheltenham: Trainer Mrs P Harkin, 3 from 9
runners, 33.3%. Jockey no qualifiers.
Chepstow: Trainer R Beckett, 14 from 48, 29.2%.
Jockey L Steward, 4 from 18, 22.2%.
Lingfield Park: Trainer S Durack, 13 from 54, 24.1%.
Jockey Rossa Ryan, 8 from 36, 22.2%.
Musselburgh: Trainer W Haggas, 8 from 22, 36.4%.
Jockey T Queally, 3 from 7, 42.9%.
Newcastle: Trainer J Gosden, 20 from 52, 38.5%.
Jockey A Atzeni, 5 from 15, 33.3%.
64
2G M
Friday May 4 2018 | the times
Sport
Sport Special report into doping
Revealed: the shocking truth
6 Players are jumping over fences to avoid testers
6 Schoolboys as young as 16 buy steroids on the internet
6 Drug testing woefully low compared with other sports
times investigation
David Bates
E
verywhere Rory Barker looked, he saw
people fulfilling his ambitions. The
unmistakable kit, an extra ounce of
swagger in the corridor, the tie stitched
with a simple crest, the prestige of
being 16 and playing rugby for your county, of
proving yourself more than just a big fish in the
small pond of schoolboy sport.
His goals were not outlandish; Barker was a
robust young prop who carried hard and went
to a public school renowned for rugby union,
accustomed to its first XV members playing for
their county and far beyond. As he moved closer
to his target, though, an obstacle appeared; the
same message repeated to him until its lasting
consequences had taken hold.
? ?You want to be a prop, but you?re not that
big and if you went away over the summer and
came back a bit bigger, then we would probably
have a look at you,? that?s what coaches would
tell me,? he remembers. ?When I was 16, I wasn?t
especially interested in being big, but playing for
your county was a big deal.?
From where he was standing, staring upwards
at his coaches and selectors? predilection for
size, the barrier seemed insurmountable.
Insurmountable that is, without the help of
drugs. ?I was a fat, podgy 17st,? he says. ?I knew
a lot of the lads who were playing at that level
and I was quite a lot smaller. That?s why I did it.
I could tell myself that it was a normal thing to
do because I just bought it over the internet. It
made it justifiable.
?It was a simple prohormone [oral tablet,
which converts to testosterone in your body],
two a day, no side-effects and all that jazz. Over
eight weeks, you noticed the difference.
?There is no risk of getting tested at that age
and there is so little information available to
you. You just google it. It came directly from
coaches telling me that I wasn?t big enough.?
Sadly for rugby, stories such as Barker?s are
not uncommon. The RFU released its report
into anti doping in February and in it raised
serious concerns about an increased use of
banned substances in schools.
Not that the upper echelons of the game are
safe from doping either. There are 64 doping
bans being served in the UK at present across
all sports and 18 of those ? 28 per cent ? are
for rugby union players. No sport accounts for
more transgressions. In second place? Rugby
league, with 13 bans. So why are rugby
players taking the risk?
The tale of Barker, whose name has been
changed to protect his identity, shows how
easy it is to take that leap. He
expanded, quickly, and so did the
range of products he was taking.
From tablets bought over the
internet to syringes of
testosterone. With the
incentive obvious, the
rewards tangible and the
risks invisible, there was
no reason to stop.
?At university, I got
exposed to a higher level
of rugby and started to come across
men more regularly,? he says. ?You
see what these people look like and
how they play and you start to feel
inferior again.
?The risk was minimal and the reward
was big. I played for my county, so I did it
again and again until the risk became
bigger and the rewards got smaller. At
that point, I had become so numb to risk
that it didn?t matter.
?It is so f***ing easy to get hold of when
you?re a student. I was injecting vials of
Broadley says it is tough on clean players
such as himself because the default is to
suspect those who do well of being users
testosterone, Trenbolone, stuff that yielded
quick benefits. I said to people, ?If you?re not
going to get caught, then you should do it too.? ?
Part of the problem, for Barker at least, was
that the chances of being caught seemed so low.
?At every rugby club I have played for, there has
been a running joke,? he says, ? ?If the drug
testers come, you can just jump over the fence.? ?
The Times has learnt of players who have,
indeed, slipped away over walls and fences when
they noticed anti doping control arriving.
Similarly, a pair of drugs testers left one club
without successfully collecting a sample because
the groundskeeper had to close the clubhouse at
10.30pm.
The lack of testing certainly helps to explain
why the numbers of failed tests at the top of the
game are still relatively low, despite the recent
bans for the Yorkshire Carnegie flanker
Brandon Staples and a provisional suspension
for the Wasps forward Ashley Johnson.
Between UK Anti-Doping (Ukad), the RFU,
World Rugby, the Six Nations and European
Professional Club Rugby, 623 anti-doping tests
were carried out on players from England?s top
two divisions last season. In the 132 matches of
last season?s Premiership, there were 16 tests.
By comparison, Ukad collected 1,494 samples
from the English Football League clubs, while
1,171 samples were taken in the Premier League.
The remaining tests on Premiership players
were done out of competition. Although this is
considered a more effective way of catching
potential drugs cheats, there is a striking
imbalance.
One source told The Times: ?If you look at the
side-effects of growth hormone [hair growth,
more prominent brow and chin, low bodyfat,
high muscle mass], you?ve basically got many
Premiership back-rowers looking back at you.?
None of the failed tests from the 15-man game
are from the highest level, where testing is
naturally and justifiably more stringent, and the
RFU and Ukad deserve credit, too, for some of
the intelligence-led testing that they conduct in
the community game. Beyond National One
though, which is the third tier of English club
rugby, the RFU conducted 25 anti-doping tests
last season. The year before, there were nine.
In 2013, Laurent B閚閦ech, the former France
forward whose 2014 book ? Rugby, o� sont tes
valeurs? (Rugby, where are your values?) ?
addressed the code of silence surrounding an
increasingly ?medicated? game.
?The only thing that would have changed my
mind was science,? B閚閦ech told The Irish
Sunday Independent, ?or someone who was
able to explain to me how you can create a
human being who weighs more than 120kgs
[18st 12lb] with no body fat, only muscles.?
A source told The Times that the
general attitude of ignorance was
frustrating for players who strive to be
clean. ?It is known in the rugby world
that there are people playing at a
higher level who have taken stuff that
they shouldn?t have done,? he says. ?As
a Championship player, that doesn?t
seem fair.
?I can look at some players, knowing
full well that they have taken something
because I know their friends and they
have told me. I can see why some people
would say, ?Well he has taken it and is
playing for X club, so why don?t I take it
and see what I can achieve?? ?
Of course there is a medical cost.
?There are cardiovascular effects of
taking steroids because of the increase in
lean muscle mass,? Professor Julien Baker,
who is director of the institute of clinical
exercise and health science research at the
University of the West of Scotland, says. ?It
puts extra strain and stress on the heart
when players are exercising. Particularly with
the forwards and the bigger guys, but it is bad
enough with the smaller ones. The capacity of
your heart is really only related to the natural
size of your body, so when you increase the
Brandon Staples
(Yorkshire Carnegie)
Banned for four years in April for steroids
Gerbrandt Grobler (now Munster)
Banned in South Africa for two years in 2014.
Linked to Gloucester
Will Robinson (Rotherham)
Banned for two years in 2014 for a hormone
and metabolic modulator
mass, you increase the pressure on your heart.?
From one perspective, the dilemma that Barker
faced ? images of big men succeeding where he
wanted to ? is the same problem that is
running through the game. Players? Instagram
feeds, adverts for sports supplements and clubs?
topless calendars glorify perfect physiques.
One branch of those who transgress the
boundaries in the lower leagues admit to having
no substantial ambition to play beyond their
present level, but are lured in by this ?bigger is
better? philosophy.
According to Barker, this was as powerful a
driver of his drug use as any ambitions for
improved performance on the field. ?There is
definitely some psychological factors involved,?
he says. ?It?s the lads that like to go on holiday
to Ibiza or have a sideshow doing powerlifting
that use it. Of all the clubs I have been to, tier
seven was the worst. I would estimate that of a
squad of 30, around ten were using a
performance enhancer, to varying degrees.?
For those who have been caught in the past
four years, the range of drugs is broad.
There were three positive tests for
testosterone ? a so-called ?harder drug? ?
among under-18 players in the 2013-14 season
and another in 2014-15 (a community player
who was banned for four years).
Popular ?bodybuilding? steroids Stanozolol,
Dianabol, Trenbolone and Drostanolone were
also responsible for failed tests, the
consequences of which are severe. ?Impotence,
mood swings, acne, hair loss, an increase in
aggression,? Barker says.
The RFU and Leeds Beckett University report
said that 95 per cent of schoolboys had used
sports supplements, with some spending up to
� per month. Herein lies another problem; for
all the sneering at manufactured excuses for
failed tests made by professional athletes, (rogue
masseurs, contaminated steaks, Chechen
agents), it seems easy to stray into the forbidden,
even when buying products over the counter.
Before the pre-workout supplement Jack3d
was banned in Britain because the Medicines
and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency
ruled that it was a public health danger, it was
readily available. One player said that he paid
for it using his mum?s Amazon account.
Jack3d was linked to deaths in Britain and the
United States, while similar products were
banned in Sweden, Denmark, Finland, Canada,
New Zealand and Australia.
Moving past the aesthetes and the part-time
powerlifters, there is a second group pulled
along by something entirely different. Simply,
performance and the rewards ? financial and
otherwise ? that come with it.
Jamie Broadley, who plays for Sheffield Tigers
in National League Two North and turned out
for Rotherham for two seasons in the
Championship between 2013 and 2015, has seen
how the money flooding into the Premiership
has created a financial incentive to break
through, by any means. ?It is starting to bubble,?
Broadley says. ?If you look at the top end of the
sport, it is the same as others, where the money
has become significant. Any time rewards
increase, the risk-taking behaviour increases.?
There were 43 per cent fewer anti-doping tests
in the Championship than the Premiership and
one source, who has played in the second tier
for six seasons, told The Times that he has never
the times | Friday May 4 2018
65
2G M
Sport
Sport
about rugby?s drug problem
Ashley
Johnson
(Wasps)
Provisionally
suspended last
month after testing
positive for
a diuretic
UK doping bans by sport
3 Mixed
martial arts
1 Basketball, Bobsleigh,
Ice hockey, Wrestling
18 Rugby
union
3 Football
4 Athletics
Stuart Barnes
arnes
Total
5 Boxing
64
7 Cycling
13 Rugby
league
7 Weightlifting
been tested. ?It is difficult because everyone
throws allegations around,? Broadley says. ?If
someone is stronger than you, then it?s because
they?re taking gear [performance-enhancing
drugs] ? it?s the default. At Rotherham, I knew
that a lot of lads were using products that
weren?t tested,? Broadley says. ?I have known
boys that have passed tests at championship
level who are users. It?s an IQ test not a drugs
test if you know what your different agents are.?
The remark is pointed. When Broadley was
with Rotherham, a young player called Will
Robinson, who was 21 at the time, tested positive
for clomiphene, which is a physical masking
agent taken to mitigate any potential feminising
effects of using a steroid. One source says that it
was no great surprise when Robinson tested
positive. ?When we found out that he had failed,
we weren?t really shocked,? he says. ?He was 21,
of a slender build and he was bench-pressing
more than some of the forwards.?
Rugby?s game of haves and have-nots has
become divided along educational, as well as
financial lines. The RFU?s academy system, by
all accounts, does a fine job in educating its
players on the dangers of performanceenhancing drugs.
Every member of a junior Premiership
academy is signed up to anti-doping testing. The
RFU and Ukad carried out 108 last year on
junior academy players, which is under-17s and
under-18s. Seminars are delivered by Ukad, the
Rugby Players? Association and the RFU at all
Premiership clubs, while the general nutritional
approach is ?food first?, not supplementation.
One Premiership academy coach said: ?At
academy level, the boys are pretty well
educated. It is scaled up from under-15 into the
full-time academy, where they work one-on-one
with a nutritionist. In terms of additional
supplementation, we don?t discuss until they
come into the full-time environment.?
Again though, there is a division. What about
those players who narrowly miss out on a place
in a Premiership academy, who maintain
aspirations within the game, but are denied the
same education? ?We deal with a lot of big
rugby schools and I would say they need to
invest a hell of a lot more in terms of educating
their students and staff on the requirements and
the paths that are involved,? the coach said.
?The lad
was 21 at
the time,
of slender
build, but
was benchpressing
more
than the
forwards?
Obsession with size
has created monster
When you move past the dividing line of the
Championship, players are generally not
salaried, and are instead paid match fees.
This prizes the ability to stay fit, to perform
and to keep your place in the team. If you do not
play, you receive nothing. Broadley knows the
effect that this can have, especially with the
present commitment to testing. ?In National
Two, it is a 30-game season, plus cup games,
plus pre-season,? he says. ?It is brutal. The injury
lists are massive. I did two seasons at Harrogate,
four at Tigers, 150-odd games in National Two
and have never seen anyone be tested. I have
played at three different National Two clubs and
know an awful lot at others ? and I have never
even heard of anyone being tested.
?You have a system that rewards people who
stay fit. Someone who works or studies at the
same time, what is going to be their thing? Are
you going to do hours of pre-hab [training to
prevent injury]? Or are you going to listen to
someone down the gym whispering in your ear
saying ?this might help you?? You take a gamble.?
I
will come clean. Reading this
chemical odyssey through rugby
union, the first emotion that
struck me was sympathy. For all
the dreamers whose ambitions
can only be realised through online
assistance; the injured amateurs who
see a shortcut back to playing; and
the ones without the time and
facilities to rehabilitate properly.
Rugby has a problem and its scope
cannot be measured by the numbers
of its ranks being caught.
I am not thinking about
professionals like Munster?s
Gerbrandt Grobler, who served a
two-year ban for using the anabolic
steroid, Drostanolone. Munster fans
saw his signing last year from Racing
92 for the moral issue that it is. Nor
Ashley Johnson, who failed a drug
test. But let?s wait for that verdict on
the suspended Wasps forward.
What we should do is recognise the
problems within the game, be they in
English public schools or struggling
small towns in the Welsh valleys. The
quest for size is the overwhelming
problem and those who have changed
the historic culture of the game are as
much the creators of this as the
chemical pushers are the obvious
villains.
There was a time when rugby
union was regarded as a game for all
shapes and sizes. As Rory Barker has
testified in these pages, that is no
longer the case. Now one size fits all:
big. ?Coaches telling me I wasn?t big
enough,? Barker, 16 at the time, said.
The same problem applied to Craig
Chalmers? son, Sam, who was banned
for two years. He effectively made
headlines for not being big enough. If
any of these guys are breaking the
rules, it is probably not for the sake
of a shortcut but to, quite literally,
stay in the game.
While there are clearly
dedicated coaches through
the ranks and age levels of
the game, many of
them believe size
counts. Why
wouldn?t they? How
many tales have
you read of
players turned
away from
d
professional academies
for not
being big enough? In the early
days of professionalism, the new
age of fully paid and pressurised
coaches had to prove that they
were the right men for the job.
There are still a fair few owners
who don?t understand the subtleties
of the game but they?ll recognise the
incredible physical condition of
their team. From 1995 to 2015,
internationals increased their weight
Chalmers was banned for two years
after taking steroids to help improve
his size and performance and is now
rebuilding his career in Australia
on average by two stone. The first
message that came from the elite
changing rooms was that the new age
was marked by size, by physique.
There is a ladder with the best and
more renowned coaches at the top.
Slip down and you?ll find the willing
amateurs who give up their time, such
as schoolteachers. At the bottom are
the players being told to bulk up. It is
easiest to make an example of
individuals when the system itself has
sent the sport towards chaos.
One in which crash, bang and
wallop are the ingredients. One in
which commentators do not talk of
tackles but big hits. One in which the
collision is king. It is no wonder that
nameless numbers may be taking
supplements to keep pace with the
rugby arms race.
Like many, I try not to have
suspicions about certain players with
neck muscles the likes of which I
never envisaged. Plenty look like
Olympic sprinters. It isn?t just size, it
is definition. There are not too many
fatties left. The days of the drinker?s
tyranny, when the body-fat pincers
grabbed at those excess parts are
gone, bar for the odd glorious
exception.
The size of Premiership or Top 14
wage packets is another area that
encourages players to take risks. The
gulf between the elite and the rest is
huge and with testing hardly a threat
according to our report, the risk/
reward factor comes into play.
Whereas it is hard not to have the
utmost sympathy for the kid being
told he is too small, there is very little
for the aspiring big name looking for
an edge. Cheating, in other words.
The third aspect of size that has
grown beyond all comprehension is
ego. We inhabit an online age where
we package ourselves to best effects.
Bodies tend to be beautiful. Watch a
reality show and the men vie with
one another for the biggest pectorals.
The journey from the body beautiful
to rugby player is only a short one.
In public schools, the aspiring
player may not be short on selfesteem but in other, more
deprived parts of the country,
that is not the case.
Thirty years ago, any sort
of crossover between
rugby and bodybuilding
would have been laughed
off the field. Now, with size
and physique the common
factor, the step from the
one to the other is
perilously small.
Once upon a time, to be a
back, you needed to be
smart, in possession of skills
and vision. Now such assets
are seen as a bonus. Be big.
The drug problem is not
primarily professional
rugby?s problem but it is the
bastard son. It is not a
witch-hunt that is needed
so much as a recognition of
the culture created by our
obsession with size. While
big is beautiful the game will
retain its ugly elements.
Rugby?s main concern is as
much its coaches? mindsets
as its drug cheats.
66
2G M
Friday May 4 2018 | the times
Sport Cricket
Cricket pay below
minimum wage
exclusive
Elizabeth Ammon
A number of young county cricketers
are being paid below the minimum
wage, with some earning �000 for the
six-month season, as part of ?widespread contract abuses?, according
to the Professional Cricketers?
Association.
The PCA, which is determined to
?stamp out unapproved contracts?, discovered that in the past year 12 players
were paid or offered contracts that were
below the national minimum wage and
at least six counties were using unapproved employment contracts.
Although the PCA issues salary
guidelines to the counties, they are not
obliged to follow them. The PCA has
seen evidence of some players being
offered contracts worth �0 a month.
The legal national minimum wage for
an 18-year-old is �,000 per annum.
The PCA recommends that a full-time
contract for an 18-year-old is �,897
and �,157 for a 19-year-old.
Some counties have continued to
offer what they term ?development? or
?scholarship? contracts to 18 and 19year-olds, and sometimes to older
players. These deals, which are suited to
those at university, are usually offered
on part-time hours of between 15 to 20
hours a week, but the players often train
and play full-time. They feel unable to
turn down the deals or ask for better
pay for fear that the counties will reject
their requests and look elsewhere.
One of the issues of which The Times
has been made aware is young players
who are on part-time contracts being
put under pressure to attend net
sessions that are outside of their
contracted hours. This extends to
winter training even though they are
only contracted for the summer months.
Offering development contracts has
been a widespread practice for a number of years, but Daryl Mitchell, the
PCA chairman, believes it is time to
stop the practice.
?This is an area we are working hard
to put right and we have achieved some
positive results,? he said. ?However, this
Live and let dye:
James Anderson
sports a new
hairstyle that
prompted
comparisons
with Phillip
Schofield on
social media as
he and fellow
England stars
Joe Root and
Jonny Bairstow
prepare for their
first County
Championship
appearances of
the season today
should not be an issue within professional cricket and we are fighting to
stamp out unapproved contracts.
?We need to make sure we protect the
players? rights to a fair contract and it
seems to me that some are being
exploited. It is easy for those just
making their way in the game to feel
under pressure to sign deals below minimum wage. They can be influenced
that if they do not sign then their dream
of playing professionally will be over.?
Higgins edges
opening session
Snooker John Higgins
leads 5-3 after the first
session of his Betfred
World Championship
semi-final against Kyren
Wilson. The four-times
champion led 3-0 before
Wilson compiled a superb
140 break to reduce the
deficit to 4-3, but missed a
red to allow Higgins to
extend his advantage.
Barry Hawkins leads
Mark Williams by the
same score in the other
semi-final.
Out EVERY
Saturday
A the
ALL
h
weekend?s
race cards
and form
guides
And a 12-page
pull-out for
Sports Betting
with exclusive
Michael Owen
column
Counties have justified these contracts by saying they are constrained by
playing budgets and that non-standard
contracts allow them to pay young
players a small amount. There is a feeling within the PCA that with significant
money coming into the game from
2020 when ?The Hundred? is launched,
and with each county getting an extra
�3 million a year, there is no excuse for
clubs to claim budgets are too tight to
remunerate players properly.
Kohli agrees
Surrey deal
Elizabeth Ammon
Virat Kohli will play for Surrey on a
short-term deal covering three one-day
matches and three County Championship matches next month.
The India captain will join the county
as soon as his IPL duties with Royal
Challengers Bangalore have finished.
When Kohli last played Test cricket
in England, in the 2014 series, he
struggled badly against the moving
Dukes ball, scoring 134 runs in ten
innings. The BCCI is content for its
captain to miss India?s one-off Test
match against Afghanistan in June in
the hope that a month of county cricket
will help him to adjust to conditions
before India?s five-Test series against
England that starts in August.
It is likely that Kohli will play only
one match at the Kia Oval, though,
against Glamorgan in the Royal
London One-Day Cup. Three of the
matches which he is scheduled to play
will be at outgrounds ? against Kent at
Beckenham, Somerset at Guildford and
Yorkshire at Scarborough.
6 Jonathan Trott, 37, the Warwickshire
batsman who played in 52 Tests and 68
ODIs for England, is to retire at the end
of the season.
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Tennis Serena Williams
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starts on Monday, as the
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Her appearance at Roland
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The Yorkshireman, 35,
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the times | Friday May 4 2018
67
2G M
Football Sport
?Don?t give more money to big six?
CATHERINE IVILL/AMA/GETTY IMAGES
Burnley?s chairman
Mike Garlick tells
Martyn Ziegler a TV
deal cash grab
would spell the
end of smaller
clubs? dreams
These are historic times at Burnley:
they are poised to play in Europe for the
first time in 50 years and to achieve
their highest league finish since the
early 1970s, but the club?s chairman
Mike Garlick fears that moves to give
the ?big six? more TV money could end
such ?unscripted drama? unfolding in
the future.
Burnley have the smallest turnover
and wage bill in the top flight apart from
those sides promoted last season, yet
are virtually guaranteed seventh place
and Europe ? and could even overtake
Arsenal, whom they meet on Sunday.
Next month is the Premier League?s
annual meeting, where its executive
chairman Richard Scudamore wants a
resolution to demands of the ?big six?
? Arsenal, Liverpool, Chelsea, Tottenham Hotspur and the two Manchester
clubs ? for a greater share of the
overseas TV money.
Garlick is among those opposed,
saying: ?The balance we have now
means Burnley can beat the champions
Chelsea on the opening day.
?I just hate to think that the balance
is upset. If you give the bigger clubs a
load more money it?s bound to have an
effect on the competitiveness of the
league. You only need to look at Europe
? Spain, Germany, where Bayern
Munich have won it the last six years. Is
that what we want?
?Surely the attraction of our league is
that five or six teams could win the
Premier League, and on the day the
other 14 can beat one of the top six. That
adds to the unscripted drama of it. If
people know what?s going to happen
they are going to turn their TV sets off.?
Garlick, born within sight of Turf
Moor, is an out-and-out fan: one who
has travelled to support England in
every World Cup since 2002, though he
has decided against Russia this summer
because of the security situation.
Sitting in the Shoreditch offices of
the global recruitment firm he founded
in 1989, he admits that Burnley being in
Europe is the stuff of fantasy, built on
team collectiveness, with an excellent
manager in Sean Dyche at the core.
?We were last in Europe in 1966-67,
reached the quarter-finals of the Fairs
Cup and I was aged five,? he says. ?I
Garlick, second
right, revels in
Burnley?s 2016
promotion to
the top flight
didn?t see it, and I never thought I?d see
European football at Turf Moor. It?s
ironic because all our fans are chanting,
?We are all going on a European tour,?
and Burnley was one of the biggest
Brexit towns . . .
?I think we pay our players quite well.
Our wages have gone up, so what we
spend on wages might keep you in the
Premier League but no one was expect-
?If people know what?s
going to happen they?ll
turn their TV sets off?
ing us to be seventh and in Europe.
There?s less variance from the lower
wages to the higher wages in our squad,
where at other clubs you might have
people on 25 grand a week and others
on 125 grand. I don?t like the sound of
that. That would cause us big problems.
?In the programme notes for the last
time we were in the FA Cup final ?
1962 against Tottenham ? it says
Burnley?s strength is its collectiveness.
We never really had superstars then
and the same is true today. Jimmy
Robson, who played in that final,
worked down the pit. Most of the lads in
the early Sixties had part-time jobs,
four or five of them down the mine.
They are great stories from the past but
we have to keep looking forward, we
don?t want to be this romantic little club
that always looks back.?
Garlick has introduced the rigour of
the recruitment industry to signing
players, a tactic that has led to the club
focusing on those playing in Britain.
?Our recruitment team prefers to
keep it focused on things that are easily
accessible to us,? he says. ?In terms of
personal characteristics, what they do
when they are off the pitch? Do they go
off to the casino or home to their wives?
?That detail is really important and
it?s a lot easier to do that and reference
people in the UK or Ireland. Who are
his last five managers, sporting directors and chairmen, and speak to them
all. I?m in recruitment so that?s what I
do, it?s my bread and butter. If they have
bad habits we don?t want them, and for
those in Germany or Spain and so on
it?s just harder to get that real data.?
Garlick laughs when Joey Barton,
whose reputation went before him
when he arrived, is mentioned. ?He?s a
great player and if you can manage him
Who is top of the money league?
Premier League clubs? turnover
2016-17
Man Utd

581
473
Man City
423
Arsenal
Liverpool
364
Chelsea
361
306
Tottenham
233
Leicester
West Ham
183
Southampton
182
Everton
171
Crystal Palace
141
West Brom
138
Bournemouth
136
Stoke
136
Swansea
128
Watford
124
Burnley
121
Mourinho: contract offer is there, it?s up to Fellaini now
Paul Hirst
Jos� Mourinho has rejected Marouane
Fellaini?s claim that Manchester United
are to blame for his failure to sign a new
contract at Old Trafford.
The Belgium midfielder is threatening to leave for China on a free transfer
next month because he says United
have messed up contract negotiations
and they are yet to offer him an acceptable deal.
Mourinho, the United manager, hit
back by pointing out that the club had
offered the 30-year-old a pay rise, but
he is holding out for better terms.
?You cannot say that it was [the fault
of] the club,? Mourinho said. ?He had
offers. And the offer now is a better offer than he had six or eight months ago.
?He is using the fact that he is at the
end of his contract to let it go. It is his
decision and we have to respect that.?
Fellaini is thought to be holding out
for at least a two-year extension. He
spoke about the idea of moving to the
Chinese Super League this week, but
Mourinho hopes he will stay.
?I?m still positive,? he said. ?He knows
I want him to stay, he knows that the
club wants him to stay, he has an offer
from us and it?s up to him now.?
Romelu Lukaku will miss tonight?s
match away to Brighton & Hove Albion
as he is undergoing treatment on an
ankle injury at a specialist clinic in
Belgium, but Mourinho expects the
striker to be back for the FA Cup final
against Chelsea. Eric Bailly is likely to
miss out tonight as Mourinho wants to
give his other centre backs a chance to
impress their national team managers.
?[Marcos] Rojo, [Victor] Lindelof, [Phil]
Jones, [Chris] Smalling ? all of them
are wishing to make the World Cup and
Eric is not under that pressure,? he said.
Mourinho said he would not stand in
Rui Faria?s way if Arsenal wanted to
appoint the United assistant as their
new manager. ?Would it be a good fit?
Yes,? he said. ?If my friend has the possibility of a big job I would help him to
pack and to carry the bags and wish him
luck.?
It is a measure of the difficulty of
Brighton?s run-in that tonight?s game is
seen as the most winnable of their three
remaining fixtures, with visits to Manchester City and Liverpool to follow.
A win will ensure the club?s Premier
League survival regardless of other
results. ?We have an opportunity to do
ourselves a big favour,? Chris Hughton,
the Brighton manager, said.
?If we can perform as well as we did
up at Old Trafford for the cup and
league games, then we?ll have a chance.
What we wouldn?t be silly enough to do
is underestimate the quality that Manchester United have.?
Brighton & Hove Albion (probable; 4-4-1-1): M Ryan ?
Bruno, S Duffy, L Dunk, G Bong ? A Knockaert,
D Pr鰌per, D Stephens, J Izquierdo ? P Gross ?
G Murray.
Manchester United (probable; 4-3-3): D De Gea ?
A Valencia, P Jones, C Smalling, A Young ? A Herrera,
N Matic, P Pogba ? J Mata, A Martial, M Rashford.
Referee C Pawson. Kick-off 8pm
Television Sky Sports. Radio talkSPORT
In-game goal clips via the Times app
then he?s great to have on your side. His
past was mixed, but at least we knew
that and then could make a decision.?
Garlick admits it was hard to stick to
his guns when the latest TV deal riches
arrived last season, with fans pushing
for signings and clubs asking ?crazy
money?. ?Everyone was going bonkers.
You have to find that balance. We are
not billionaires, we can?t bail the club
out by saying here?s another � million
or � million every year. We can put a
bit in but it?s not of that ilk.?
Burnley boast four England internationals and Dyche?s name is constantly
linked with managerial vacancies.
Garlick hopes that a new contract
agreed in January and Burnley?s set-up
will stop his head from being turned.
?Sean has been here five years now
and he?s always going to get attention
because he?s being doing very well, but
I hope he?s here for the next five years.
?One thing he has got with us is his
ability to shape his infrastructure. He
has not got someone else telling him
who to recruit, it?s his decision.?
The stage is set at Turf Moor: the
Premier League will remain the priority next season but do not rule out some
more drama, this time in Europe.
Channel Five loses its
highlights show to Quest
Highlights of Football League
matches will be shown on the
freeview channel Quest from next
season after it struck a deal
understood to be worth a record
�million. The 90-minute show, with
Colin Murray remaining as the
presenter, will run at 9pm on
Saturdays after Quest, which is
owned by the Discovery Channel,
beat Channel Five to a four-year deal.
Quest will also have midweek
highlights shows from league,
Carabao Cup and Checkatrade
Trophy matches as part of the
arrangement. Shaun Harvey, the EFL
chief executive, said: ?This new
partnership will provide excellent
coverage for supporters of our clubs
on a free-to-air platform at a
primetime slot.?
68
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Friday May 4 2018 | the times
Sport Football
ANDRES KUDACKI/AP
Surrender not
an option in
Klopp?s brave
new world
As Liverpool prepare to
take on Real in Kiev,
Paul Joyce looks at
their progress since the
clubs? meeting in 2014
Liverpool stand on the brink of
something remarkable and, as they
contemplate etching their names into a
glorious European history, it is fitting
that Real Madrid should lie in wait for
J黵gen Klopp?s side in Kiev.
Progress during his tenure has been
striking, but the prospect of the collision with the 12-times European
champions on May 26 is especially
mouthwatering.
Liverpool have their pride back, their
swagger, even if, by the end of
Wednesday?s semi-final, Roma reduced
it to something of a stagger, and the
unshakeable sense is of a club on the
ascent.
If the point where some of those
qualities were lost is traced back, the
trail arguably leads to Real Madrid and
a Champions League game in the
Bernab閡 in November 2014.
That night Brendan Rodgers pitched
up with a game plan and saw it come to
fruition. A 1-0 reverse, a fortnight after
Liverpool had been humbled 3-0 by
Cristiano Ronaldo and Karim Benzema
at Anfield, could be taken as progress,
and yet to many it was actually a
backward step.
Honour in defeat? Liverpool had
waved white handkerchiefs, meekly
accepting their fate before a ball had
been kicked, with Steven Gerrard,
Philippe Coutinho, Jordan Henderson
and Raheem Sterling kicking their
heels on the substitutes? bench and
reduced to watching Lazar Markovic
and Fabio Borini in their place.
Rodgers had prioritised a home game
with Chelsea four days later, but when
that was lost too, it became harder to
justify what had come before. A
tailspin, created by the sale of Luis
Su醨ez and compounded by the arrival
of Mario Balotelli rather than Alexis
S醤chez that summer, gathered
momentum.
The stakes will be considerably
higher in the first meeting between the
clubs since then, but that is not the only
difference. Liverpool see themselves as
equals now.
They will not run from the fight. For
all the talk of Real seeking revenge for
their 1981 final defeat in Paris,
Liverpool, too, have a score to settle.
Klopp does not do damage limitation. Instead, he does ballsy, brave,
sometimes gung-ho football, the sort
that stifled Roma?s thoughts of a comeback in the Stadio Olimpico only to
then rouse Italian hopes again during a
seesaw second-leg that ended 4-2 to the
hosts but finished 7-6 on aggregate to
the visitors.
Klopp has led Liverpool out of the
dark, those days when they were not
quite sure what they were any more,
embracing the importance that
European competition has played in
the club?s tradition. He has imbued
identity and confidence, redefined
what is acceptable and what is not.
And what has quickly become apparent during the retreat from Rome is that
simply reaching the final is not enough.
Now it is all about prevailing in the
Olympic Stadium in a little over three
weeks and claiming a sixth European
Cup.
?He changed many things not just
the players, but things around the club,?
Dejan Lovren, the Liverpool defender,
said. ?He has changed the mentality,
how we think. Everything is more positive now.
?Even when we sometimes don?t play
good, he always finds something good
and there is not negativity. He deserves
this. It is not accidental that he already
reached the final of the Champions
3rd
Where Liverpool
finished in their group in
2014 behind Real and
Basle and one point
above Ludogorets
of Bulgaria
Benzema rubs salt into the wound
for Liverpool at the Bernabeu in
2014 where Rodgers embarked
on a damage-limitation exercise
How they lined up in 2014
Real Madrid 1 Liverpool 0
Real Madrid (4-4-2)
Casillas
Arbeloa (83) Varane*
Ramos*
Marcelo*
Rodriguez (62) Modric* Kroos*
Isco*
Ronaldo* Benzema* (87)
Lallana*
Borini
Markovic (69)
Allen
Can* (75)
L Leiva (69)
Moreno*
Tour�
Skrtel
Manquillo
Mignolet*
*still at club
Liverpool (4-3-3)
Real Madrid substitutes: G Bale* (minute went
on 62), Nacho* (83), J Hern醤dez (87)
Not used: K Navas*, Pepe, � Medr醤, L Torr�
Liverpool substitutes: Gerrard (69), Sterling (69),
Coutinho (75) Not used: B Jones, G Johnson,
J Henderson*, M Balotelli
League in 2013 with Borussia
Dortmund.
He has given the club pride back.
Everyone feels that, everyone lives that.
Everyone should be proud that we have
a manager like him.?
Liverpool?s improvement lies in
unity, smart recruitment and a philosophy espoused by a manager that
dovetails snugly with the wishes of the
supporters, whose bond with the club is
stronger than for some time.
If there are still flaws, moments of
defensive disarray, then that is because
Klopp has not yet completed two full
seasons in the job and still has work to
do in smoothing out the glitches he
inherited.
What awaits Klopp?s team is the ultimate winning machine, a side who have
a set of T-shirts proclaiming the next
landmark in their storied heritage,
believing that it is not a question of ?if?
the moment will arrive, but ?when?.
While it seems that Real have been
blessed by the gods at certain moments
on their own path to Ukraine, then that
is what is required when the champions
of France (Paris Saint-Germain), Italy
(Juventus) and Germany (Bayern
Munich) form the obstacles in each of
the knockout rounds.
Liverpool, too, benefited from Leroy
San�s ?goal? being incorrectly ruled
out on the stroke of half-time in their
quarter-final, second leg, against
Manchester City. That allowed them to
reorganise at the interval 1-0 down
instead of 2-0 as they sought to protect
a three-goal lead.
On Wednesday, Trent AlexanderArnold?s handball from Stephan El
Shaarawy?s shot went unnoticed at
what Roma perceived as a critical
juncture.
The unknown about this Liverpool
team is whether they can get over the
line when it matters most. Klopp has his
own hoodoo to break, having lost his
past five finals, starting with
Dortmund?s defeat in the competition
by Bayern Munich at Wembley in
2013.
Now he has the opportunity, sooner
than he could have imagined, to banish
the memory of those defeats.
?We are Liverpool so somebody kicks
our ass constantly,? Klopp had said on
the eve of their semi-final success. ?It is,
?Make the next step, make the next step,
make the next step.? It is not possible in
this club to stand still.?
On the grandest club stage and
against this rival in particular, the
platform is there for Liverpool to
demonstrate how far they have come.
Winning Champions League will net Liverpool more than �m
Paul Joyce
Liverpool?s run to the Champions
League final could mean a windfall of
more than � million for the club.
J黵gen Klopp?s side are guaranteed to
take home at least �.8 million in
prize money after progressing from the
qualifying round in August through to
the final against Real Madrid on May
26.
The victors will receive an additional
�million. The winnings will then be
topped up by a share of the market pool
money. Liverpool can expect to bank
about �.9 million from that.
The total that Liverpool will take
home if they claim a sixth European
Cup would be about �.7 million. Costs
incurred from participating in the
competition will dilute that figure
slightly. Liverpool?s players will receive
bonuses if they lift the trophy, with the
squad sharing a cash pot thought to be
worth more than �million, although
some agents may have negotiated
increases on top of that.
There will certainly be no inferiority
complex when Klopp?s men confront
Real in Kiev, with Liverpool insisting it
is the holders who should fear them.
The belief that has helped to propel
Liverpool to the final was evident as
Sadio Man� and Dejan Lovren both
believe that the Spaniards would need
to be wary of their opponents.
Zin閐ine Zidane?s side will be seeking
to lift the trophy for a third successive
campaign as Liverpool contemplate
their first final in the competition since
2007, yet the stark contrast in experience was brushed aside.
The T-shirts Real wore at the end of
their semi-final success over Bayern
Munich referenced their pursuit of a
13th overall crown, but Lovren said:
?They are quite confident, but we don?t
care for that. We are focused on our job.
Why should we fear them? They should
fear us. You need to play against the best
teams, but the best teams are us and
Real Madrid.?
The manner in which Liverpool
confirmed their passage beyond Roma
7-6 on aggregate came in spite of a 4-2
defeat in the Stadio Olimpico on
Wednesday. Defensive vulnerability
reared in the closing stages once again
to leave Klopp admitting that his side
had suffered.
Man�, who opened the scoring
against Roma and has mustered 11 goals
since the January departure of Philippe
Coutinho, said: ?We do have a lot of
respect for Madrid. They are one of the
best teams in the world, but we are
How the top six stand
P
Manchester City ........ 35
Manchester United....35
Liverpool .................... 36
Tottenham Hotspur...35
Chelsea.......................35
Arsenal.......................35
W D L
30 3 2
24 5 6
20 12 4
21 8 6
20 6 9
17 6 12
F
102
67
80
68
60
67
A GD Pts
26 76 93
27 40 77
37 43 72
31 37 71
34 26 66
48 19 57
Remaining fixtures
Manchester City Huddersfield Town (h),
Brighton & Hove Albion (h), Southampton (a)
Manchester United Brighton & Hove Albion (a),
West Ham United (a), Watford (h)
Liverpool Chelsea (a), Brighton & Hove Albion (h)
Tottenham Hotspur West Bromwich Albion (a),
Newcastle United (h), Leicester City (h)
Chelsea Liverpool (h), Huddersfield Town (h),
Newcastle United (a)
Arsenal Burnley (h), Leicester City (a),
Huddersfield Town (a)
Liverpool. We are strong. We can beat
any team in the world. We believe that.
?We know we are going to go there
and fight; for the fans, for the club, and
fight without fear . . . and win the final.
We have the players. We can score
goals, we have shown that.?
Liverpool travelled back from Rome
early yesterday afternoon and Klopp
will immediately immerse himself in
preparations for Sunday?s match away
to Chelsea, where a win would seal a
top-four Premier League finish.
The home game with Brighton &
Hove Albion rounds off their league
campaign and there is a two-week
break after that before heading to
Ukraine seeking a sixth win in the
competition and first since 2005.
Injuries mean Klopp continues to
have little room for manoeuvre, with
Adam Lallana not expected to be fit
until the Brighton match and Emre Can
having only an outside chance of
recovering from a back injury in time
for the final.
the times | Friday May 4 2018
69
2G M
Europa League Sport
Wenger, the man who ran out of time
JUAN MEDINA/REUTERS
Matt Dickinson
Koscielny waves
for assistance
after rupturing his
achilles early
in the first half
32
This was Atletico?s 32nd
clean sheet of the season
(55 games), the most by
any team in the top
five European
leagues
Chief Sports Writer
Madrid
And so it ends at the John Smith?s
Stadium rather than a night of
anthems, glamour, and potential glory,
in Europe. If that does not seem the way
that Ars鑞e Wenger should be saying
farewell to the English game after 22
distinguished years, playing for nothing
much in Huddersfield on the final day
of the domestic season, this long goodbye started going awry quite a few years
ago.
The hope had been that all the
rancour that has grown at the Emirates,
corroding like rust over a decade, could
somehow be erased by a first European
trophy for Wenger. He could walk away
with shiny silverware in his hands. A
proper trophy would sure beat a carriage clock or another glass memento.
But if it was always asking a lot, it was
especially hoping for too much against
opponents like Atletico Madrid. You do
not come here, to the unforgiving home
of the three hard Diegos ? Simeone,
Costa and God韓 ? looking for
romance and sentimentality.
These are the sort of guys who will
stand in the tunnel and, to borrow a
phrase Steve Redgrave famously
growled into Matthew Pinsent?s ear
Atletico march on and Wenger limps
shortly before an Olympic final, say to
each other ?let?s go crush some to his finale with three domestic matches at home to Burnley, away to Leicester
dreams?. And they did.
Arsenal were Arsenal; flashes of hope City and that final trip to Yorkshire
but ultimately disappointing, lacking in which to defend sixth place ? the
lowest league finish of the
not only the finishing touch but
Frenchman?s era.
the belief that they would ever
There will be plenty of
find it. ?We missed somerespectful
applause
thing,? Wenger said, which
wherever he goes but this
could be the lament for
Diego
Costa
has
scored
will follow the TS Eliot
much of the last dozen
four goals in seven
ending of no bang but a
years.
Atletico were exactly the appearances against whimper. Will Wenger,
Arsenal
the man who seemingly
sort of opponents to make
believed right to the end that
them suffer for it; not at their
he was only one goal, one win
best yet still, from the immovaaway from turning it all around and
ble God韓 through to the class of
Antoine Griezmann and the knockout embarking on more glories, admit that
blow from Costa, able to doggedly find he stayed too long?
The board had considered ending it
a way.
They, not Arsenal, will deservedly be all last summer and he would have left
heading to Lyons for the Europa on the back of a victorious FA Cup final,
League final on May 16 after two legs only for Stan Kroenke to offer another
that left Wenger as deflated as we have two-year contract that has not done
ever seen him, talking afterwards of the much for either party as they call it a
time he would need to recover from this day only 12 months later.
And so Wenger?s final game in charge
defeat, this sad conclusion. Not many in
sport get to enjoy a happy ending, a of Arsenal at the Emirates on Sunday
medal wrapped neatly in a bow.
against Burnley will feel a strange occa-
4
Tony Cascarino?s
Talking points
Beller韓 caught out
Wilshere mystery
One of my pet hates is when quick
players think they don?t need to
worry about their positioning because
they are fast enough to make up for it.
H閏tor Beller韓 is a prime example.
He is probably the swiftest right back
in England but is being let down by a
lack of concentration. For the Atletico
goal he gave Diego Costa a couple of
yards start and the striker, once he
was through, was never going to be
caught, because he can outmuscle
opponents. Time and again Beller韓
switches off and gets stuck the wrong
side of his forward. I remember Mo
Salah punishing him the same way
earlier this season.
It?s amazing to watch Jack Wilshere
playing such a central role for his club
in a huge game, yet he might well be
leaving at the end of the season
because he is out of contract. Arsenal
have yet to offer the England player a
deal that would persuade him to stay
but there he was, leading the team
after Laurent Koscielny went off,
filling a dominant role, passing and
moving the ball impressively, exerting
a control over the game in midfield.
He is still relatively young, so I just
find it weird that there are reports
speculating that he may be going here
or there, so could only have a couple
of games left with the club.
Exclusive Times+ event
with Roy Hodgson
Join the former England
manager, now in charge
at Crystal Palace, on
Friday, May 18 for an
evening in London to
discuss the big issues
facing England. Plus
Times football writers
Tony Cascarino,
Alyson Rudd, and
Matt Dickinson
To book tickets,
go to
mytimesplus.co.uk
Atletico give their all
Diego Simeone makes sure that all of
his Atletico Madrid players give blood
and sweat for the cause, which means
they are incredibly hard to break
down. The full backs sit, the midfield
four play narrowly and the front two
of Diego Costa and Antoine
Griezmann often drift back to help
out at the back. Arsenal were having
plenty of the ball but they needed to
be at their creative best to conjure
any sort of opening. It was clear that
Ars鑞e Wenger?s side would come off
second-best physically. I really miss
Costa in the Premier League. Last
night he was everything I thought he
would be ? he was strong, bullied
defenders, sometimes selfish but also
classy. Chelsea fans must miss him as
well ? they adored him at the Bridge.
In the modern game everybody loves
flair players but he provides
something different, very aggressive
and sometimes wild.
sion. Tickets have reportedly soared in
value, top ones for as much as �800 on
one website, though you rather suspect
the market, and mood, may take a
downturn after last night?s events in the
Wanda Metropolitano.
We could wonder if Arsenal?s job had
been made any easier by the banishment of Simeone to the stands following his first-leg dismissal for abusing
the referee, though it would surely take
more than that to disrupt the renowned
resilience of this Atletico side, built
around God韓 and the excellence of
Jan Oblak between the posts.
To give Wenger a finale superior to
that trip to Huddersfield, Arsenal were
going to have to overcome a team that
had conceded only four goals all season
in the league at home, nine in all
competitions, none since the middle of
January ? and showed it.
Chances were not going to be frequent, which made it all the more maddening for Arsenal fans that, as with the
squandering of the first leg, there was
little sense of urgency around the box.
We always suspected that Costa
would be the man to make them pay.
Back in the starting XI and ready to
rumble judging by the way he barged
over Nacho Monreal in the opening
skirmishes, Costa had shown due concern for Laurent Koscielny when the
Arsenal captain was carried off, in clear
distress.
But the arrival of Calum Chambers to
join Shkodran Mustafi must have had
the striker licking his lips ? fresh
young meat! ? and an Arsenal defence
pulled all out of shape was duly punished when Griezmann, such a class act
on the ball, fed Costa as the hapless
H閏tor Beller韓 woke up to the danger
far too late to intervene.
Arsenal did not wilt but on a night of
three captains as Koscielny?s armband
was passed to Jack Wilshere and then
on to Aaron Ramsey, they never looked
like they believed the way Atletico did.
In the end, Arsenal simply did not
have the means, the nous, the ruthless
instinct to get the job done despite
enough opportunities over both legs. In
that sense, it was all too familiar for
Arsenal fans whose farewell to Wenger
is heavily laced with an eagerness to
embrace something new and fresh.
Manager shuns farewell fuss
Matt Hughes
Deputy Football Correspondent
Ars鑞e Wenger?s desire to avoid a fuss
at his final home game in charge of
Arsenal on Sunday is such that he has
declined entreaties from the club to
provide them with a guest list.
The Arsenal manager wants to treat
Burnley?s visit to the Emirates Stadium
as a normal game despite its personal
significance after his 22 years at the
club. The club are sensitive to Wenger?s
feelings, but want to pay tribute to their
long-serving manager so have reached
a compromise whereby all the
commemorative events will take place
after the game.
Arsenal are planning a post-match
presentation, Wenger will be asked to
go on a lap of honour and fans in
attendance will receive a memento.
With Wenger reluctant to become
Watch all
the goals
See the key moments
and talking points
from the semi-final
second legs now
Download the Times phone
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involved, particularly before last night?s
match, Arsenal have taken control of
the guest list and invited all players who
have played 100 matches for him in
addition to his family and friends.
70
2G M
Friday May 4 2018 | the times
Sport Europa League
It all ends in tears
as Costa returns
to haunt Arsenal
Henry Winter
Chief Football
Writer, Madrid
Atletico Madrid
Costa 45+2
Arsenal
Atletico win 2-1 on aggregate
1
0
2
1
0
It had to be Diego Costa taking a wrecking ball to Wenger-ball. It had to be this
ruthless winner, this antithesis of
Ars鑞e Wenger?s commitment to
pretty football, who destroyed the
Arsenal manager?s dream of ending
?this love story well?. As with the
collapse of many love stories, this one
ends riddled with recriminations and
questions.
Why did Nacho Monreal?s radar get
scrambled in the second half and his
crosses finish up nearer the corner flag
than penalty spot? Has anyone on
Wenger?s coaching staff actually drilled
into H閏tor Beller韓 the importance of
positioning? Does Shkodran Mustafi
understand how to organise a back
four? Is George Graham available for
consultancy?
Calum Chambers battled well when
coming on to replace the stricken
Wilshere struggled
to make an impact
after taking over the
captain?s armband
from the stricken
Koscielny and was
replaced after 68
minutes
Laurent Koscielny, and the heart goes
out to the Frenchman who saw his
season terminated, and his chances of
playing in the World Cup disappear
when rupturing his achilles in one of
those incidents when the whole
stadium falls quiet. But the rest of the
Arsenal backline, including the goalkeeper David Ospina, were abject.
Wenger built a team in his own image
? too weak for the rigours of football at
this level, too lacking in resilience and
leadership, too snooty for work on
defending. This was his 250th Uefa club
game, and his team looked assembled
by a newcomer. There was no cohesion,
no cutting edge, no real foundations.
Wenger resembles an architect going
for eye-catching design over structural
strength and being surprised when the
building collapses.
The contrast with Diego Simeone?s
tough, well-balanced, tactically disciplined side was painful for the Arsenal
thousands to behold. Here was someone who really developed a side adept
at defending and attacking. Atletico
have not conceded a goal at home in 12
matches. And with Antoine Griezmann
and Costa, silk and steel up front,
Atletico are a fearsome force.
Costa was not the only Diego highlighting Arsenal flaws. Diego God韓
delivered another masterclass in the
defensive arts, some of them dark with
the occasional tactical foul, but otherwise calmly intercepting crosses from
Mesut 謟il, ensuring that Atletico?s
back four always kept their shape,
that they kept their concentration,
and kept on course to the Europa
League final where they play
Marseilles in Lyons on May 16. For
all the talk of Wenger?s three titles
and seven FA Cups, he has failed
horribly in Europe.
His farewell tour has
turned into a total disaster, and his final game at
the
Emirates
on
Sunday may not prove
the complete love-in
the club hope.
Burnley,
like
Atletico,
look
classic
partypooper
material.
All
of
Atletico?s
strengths
from speed
of thought
and
movement and merciless intent were displayed in
that blur of movement that
punished Arsenal on the cusp of
half-time.
All of Arsenal?s weaknesses
were highlighted, too, losing
possession, defenders being caught
out of position and a goalkeeper in
Ospina simply not good enough.
It all came back from an Atletico
goal-kick and still Arsenal?s
defence was ragged, with the full
backs Monreal and Beller韓 pushed too far forward and Mustafi so
out of position he was almost in
the Bernab閡. Mustafi had pushed left, leaving a gaping hole
Three
costly
mistakes
1
1. Calum Chambers,
circled, can only make
a weak header that is
easily picked up by
Atletico captain Koke
in midfield
which Atletico soon noticed. And when
they pounced, Arsenal were far too
slow to react, jogging rather than
sprinting.
The excellent Thomas Partey nicked
the ball, immediately playing it through
to Griezmann, whose first touch instantly brought the ball under complete
control and carrying it further towards
Arsenal?s goal, heading into the space
where Mustafi should have been.
Granit Xhaka reacted too slowly, allowing Griezmann to place his pass perfectly for Costa to run on to. The former
Chelsea forward exploited Beller韓?s
long-standing failure to acquire the
defensive side of his role. Beller韓 had
pushed up, lacked awareness of Costa?s
movement, perhaps naively thinking
Mustafi would have been guarding that
area, and the inevitable happened.
Costa was clinical, completely merciless, his first touch guiding the ball into
the box, holding off Beller韓 like a
commuter pushing a kid out of the way
during rush-hour. Ospina ran out but
went to ground too early, allowing
Costa to drive the ball over him and in
left-footed. It was the last meaningful
act of the first half.
Three minutes had been added due
to a wretched injury that befell Koscielny, the Arsenal captain who has been
managing an achilles problem this
season. The French centre back had a
couple of early runs, and was muscled
off the ball by Costa once, and two minutes later collapsed, his achilles tendon
ruptured. Koscielny immediately
clutched his achilles with his right hand
and hammered the ground with his left,
and lay there, as players from both
teams gathered around, their concern
swiftly turning to distress. Those who
have suffered ruptured achilles, like
John Barnes on England duty, say the
pain is unbearable.
Arsenal players signalled to the
bench to send more medical assistance
and a stretcher. Aaron Ramsey and
Xhaka kneeled next to the prostrate
Koscielny trying to comfort him as
medical aid arrived. Koscielny was
gently lifted on to a stretcher, his left
hand rubbing his brow. Costa leant
down and delivered consoling words.
Chambers ran on to partner Mustafi,
while Jack Wilshere took the armband.
The final
Atletico Madrid v
Marseilles
Wednesday May 16, 7.45pm
Lyons, France
Live on BT Sport
the times | Friday May 4 2018
71
2G M
Sport
MATTHEW CHILDS/ACTION IMAGES VIA REUTERS
Atletico (4-4-2)
Arsenal (4-2-3-1)
By Gary Jacob
2
Wilshere did not grab the game by the
scruff of the neck and he was booked for
raising his arms when challenging
Gabi. Atletico threatened more as the
half wore on. Koke sent a left-footed
strike wide after 36 minutes. When
Koke lifted a free kick in, Griezmann
controlled the ball and turned as
Arsenal?s defenders watched. Fortunately for them, Griezmann shot just
wide. Costa was less generous shortly
after.
In the second half, Costa moved left
to bully Beller韓 for a while. Atletico
enjoyed some great chances, and
should have put the tie out of sight.
Ospina saved well from Griezmann,
and then Chambers athletically
blocked a shot from the Frenchman. Yet
Arsenal were also creating opportunities, but found God韓 imperious, cutting out another 謟il cross. When they
did find a glimpse of goal, Jan Oblak
pushed a Xhaka piledriver past the post.
Wenger then withdrew Wilshere
after 68 minutes, sending on Henrikh
Mkhitaryan, who soon shot over.
Ramsey was now captain, trying to
inspire his players, driving forward with
the ball as the Arsenal fans urged their
team on. Costa then departed, slowly, as
Arsenal fans jeered and Atletico
supporters cheered. When the final
whistle blew, it sounded for Wenger too.
The new era cannot start soon enough.
2. H閏tor Beller韓
is too far upfield,
allowing Diego
Costa, circled, to
get goalside and
run on to Antoine
Griezmann?s pass.
3. Before Costa,
above, has shot
David Ospina goes
to ground, making
it easy for Costa to
shoot over him
continued from back
Arsenal out of Europa League
Arsenal will miss out on the Champions
League for a second successive season,
having previously qualified in 19
campaigns in a row under his guidance.
To make it worse for him one of his old
foes scored in first-half stoppage time.
Diego Costa made the most of poor
defending by H閏tor Beller韓 and
struck the ball over the head of David
Ospina. ?I?m very sad and frustrated
too,? Wenger said. ?Unfortunately you
have to go through that ? the game
can be very cruel; sometimes very nice,
but the suffering is very strong tonight.
?Diego Costa is Diego Costa ? that?s
why he?s one of the best strikers in the
world. When you exit a competition
after 180 minutes playing like we did it?s
difficult to take. The club now has time
to think about what to do for next
season.?
Arsenal had to make an early change
when they lost Laurent Koscielny, the
captain, who has suffered a suspected
ruptured achilles injury that will likely
rule the France defender out of the
World Cup finals this summer. But
Wenger?s side edged the first half and
Alexandre Lacazette wasted two efforts
either side of the interval. Atletico stood
firm and Jan Oblak, their goalkeeper,
6
jan oblak
age 25 slovenia
Made his first and only
save after 63 minutes.
Over two legs Arsenal
never worked him
hard enough
7
thomas
24 ghana
Exposed a couple of
times but otherwise
composed and good
distribution from the
makeshift right back
7
jos� gim閚ez
23 uruguay
In tandem with his
compatriot, never
gave Arsenal a proper
sight of goal, getting
body in way of crosses
7
diego god韓
32 uruguay
Type of defender
Wenger never invested
in. Made clearances,
blocks and outmuscled
opponents
7
lucas hern醤dez
22 france
Another impressive
display and duel with
Beller韓, mostly
getting the better of
the Arsenal full back
6
sa鷏
23 spain
Plenty of chasing and
harrying on his 200th
game for the club,
having signed a new
nine-year deal
7
gabi
34 spain
Protected the back
four and was clever
to draw a foul and
booking from
Wilshere
6
koke
26 spain
Number of sturdy and
cynical challenges ?
earning him a booking
? including one from
behind on Lacazette
5
vitolo
28 spain
Neat control and
dribbling but rarely a
threat from man who
won trophy three
times with Seville
7
diego costa
29 spain
Made most of several
mistakes to finish
confidently, making
up for having earlier
pushed past post
7
antoine griezmann
27 france
Could be one of last
games amid talk of a
move to Barcelona,
but screwed shot wide
of the far post
3
made only one save of note. Wenger
blamed the exit on conceding a late
equaliser against ten men last week.
?We were 1-0 up at home and conceded
a stupid goal and tonight we conceded
on the counter with one minute to go
before half-time,? he said. ?Those are
vital moments in a game of that
stature.?
Mesut 謟il?s performance was heavily criticised by Martin Keown, the
former Arsenal defender, who said on
BT Sport that the playmaker was not fit
to wear the shirt. Keown added that
謟il gave the impression that he did not
have faith in his team-mates and
?somebody needed to grab him a long
time ago and give him a shake and say
we are trying to get the ball to you, we
are working for you, but you are not
working for us?.
Wenger disagreed. ?I?m convinced
謟il should not be vilified by anybody
because we didn?t score,? he said.
?When you analyse his physical
performance, he gave a lot.?
Atletico will appear in a fifth European final in eight years and Diego
Simeone paid tribute to Costa. ?He
came here to be important and we
needed an angry striker,? Simeone said.
?We work with intensity and we live off
the mistake we can force our rivals to
make. We want people who are always
going to be pounding on them.?
Total
72
Substitutes 羘gel Correa (for
Vitolo 74min); Fernando Torres
(for Costa 83); Stefan Savic (for
Thomas 90+1). Not used Axel
Werner, Filipe Lu韘, Roberto
Olabe, Kevin Gameiro.
Booked Koke, Saul, Costa.
Referee Gianluca Rocchi (Italy).
5
david ospina
29, colombia
Twice went down too
early when confronted
by Costa, the second
proved costly. Calling
for balls questionable
3
h閏tor beller韓
23, spain
Poor form continued
and at fault when
badly positioned for
Costa?s goal. Crossing
let him down
5
shkodran mustafi
26, germany
Reckless and hastily
went to ground. Likely
to be on his way, seen
as one of Wenger?s
poorest deals
6
laurent koscielny
32, france
Carried off on a
stretcher and looked
to have suffered a
serious achilles injury
inside eight minutes
6
nacho monreal
32, spain
Will be remembered
for two awful, overhit
crosses when in space
near the end. Brushed
off too easily at times
5
aaron ramsey
27, wales
Lacklustre and
struggled badly. Twice
unlocked the defence
but final touch was
lacking
5
granit xhaka
25, switzerland
Mostly sideways and
backwards passes until
late on when forcing
Oblak?s first save and
put through Monreal
5
mesut 鰖il
29, germany
Absent when needed
most again. A couple
of good moments on
byline but cross never
found a team-mate
5
jack wilshere
26, england
Largely ineffectual.
Guilty of misplaced
passes after he took
armband and gave
Beller韓 a rollicking
5
danny welbeck
27, england
Surprisingly got nod
over Mkhitaryan, did
nothing, and another
who the new manager
might consider surplus
alexandre lacazette
5
Total
26, france
Learnt Arsenal way of
turning from goal and
taking an unnecessary
extra touch instead of
shooting
55
Substitutes Calum Chambers
(for Koscielny 11min) 7; Henrikh
Mkhitaryan (for Wilshere 68) 6.
Not used Petr Cech, Alex Iwobi,
Ainsley Maitland-Niles, Sead
Kolasinac, Eddie Nketiah.
Booked Wilshere, Monreal,
Mustafi.
Friday May 4 2018 | the times
2G M
Sport
Sports newspaper of the year
Froome is right to ride
Cricketers? poor pay
Matt Dickinson on Team Sky
controversy at the Giro d?Italia
Exclusive: County players
getting below minimum wage
Page 62
Elizabeth Ammon, page 66
JAMES MARSH/BPI/REX/SHUTTERSTOCK
Young rugby
players using
illegal drugs
No final
hurrah
times investigation
David Bates
The pressure on aspiring rugby players
to take performance-enhancing drugs,
and the ease with which they are
obtained, are exposed today in an
investigation by The Times.
A recent Rugby Football Union
report into doping raised concerns
about an increased use of banned
substances in schools, while figures
show that the top level of the sport is
not immune from the problem: of the
64 doping bans being served in the UK
at present across all sports, more than a
quarter are for rugby union players.
One prop forward who had ambitions to represent his county revealed
how, at the age of 16, he was told he
would have to bulk up to be considered
for selection. ?I wasn?t especially interested in being big, but playing for your
county was a big deal,? he said. ?I just
bought [the banned substance, a tablet
that converts into testosterone in the
body] over the internet . . . two a day, no
side-effects. There is no risk of getting
tested at that age . . . you just google it.?
He continued to take them at university: ?The risk was minimal and the
reward was big. I played for my county,
so I did it again and again until the risk
became bigger and the rewards got
smaller. At that point, I had become so
numb to risk that it didn?t matter.?
One player, who represented
Rotherham in the Championship for
two seasons, said that the financial
rewards available at Premiership clubs
have created an incentive to break
through by any means. ?It is starting to
bubble,? he said. ?Any time rewards increase, the risk-taking behaviour [in
lower levels] increases.
?Are you going to do hours of pre-hab
[training to prevent injury]? Or are you
going to listen to someone down the
gym whispering in your ear saying ?this
might help you???
Wenger?s chance to finish
with a trophy ends after
limp Europa League defeat
Atletico Madrid
Arsenal
1
0
Atletico win 2-1 on aggregate
Gary Jacob Madrid
Ars鑞e Wenger?s dream of ending
his 22-year reign as Arsenal
manager with an 11th trophy was
killed off last night when they
were eliminated by Atletico
Madrid in the Europa League
semi-finals.
The Frenchman will lead out
Arsenal for the final time against
Huddersfield Town at the John
Smith?s Stadium on May 13, rather
than as he hoped at the more
exalted surroundings of
Groupama Stadium in Lyons,
where three days later Atletico
will meet Marseilles in the final.
Wenger had said that he
?wanted to finish this love story
well? but the 1-0 defeat at the
Wanda Metropolitano meant that
Continued on page 71
Rugby?s drug problem, pages 64-65
Times Crossword 27,029
1
2
3
4
5
9
6
7
8
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
24
26
22
23
25
27
across
down
1 Regret spoken jibe, something
muttered on stage (7)
5 Sell ingredients for jam? (7)
9 To buck up rogue, cane ordered (9)
10 Trojan ?hippy?? (5)
11 Proposed form of extreme
devolution rejected after losing a
vote (5)
12 Fool picks up insult implying
inability to do so? (5-4)
14 Lag repeatedly to raise time he?s
held (5,2,3,4)
17 Live stream business news (7,7)
21 Container to serve tea; I?ll be after
beginning to read leaves (9)
23 Independent solicitor?s ?rst to
prosecute children (5)
24 Unfortunate person missing point
in gag (5)
25 Purging heretic, a habitual
response (9)
26 Police of?cers transferred for
challenge to orthodoxy (7)
27 Get back in swing, ticker turning
over regularly (2-5)
1 Spacious, from what we hear, but
cold (6)
2 Expose chap entering sprint
moving right to the end (7)
3 Much like a cakewalk, but smaller
and quicker? (9)
4 Accountant who might check one?s
pulse? (4,7)
5 Note to include zero as digit (3)
6 A contemptuous exclamation
? silly! (5)
7 Lot controlling sails etc for ship (7)
8 Con?dent male squirmed oddly (8)
13 Not in formal dress in Balmoral,
perhaps, queen is not working
(3,2,6)
15 Time to get to station, perhaps
? detectives are being brought up
to scratch (9)
16 Distressed dept. sec. having run in
with staff (8)
18 Turns to stare rudely (7)
19 Run out to catch a glimpse of
incoming Times competition
winner?s prize? (7)
20 Top secret operations going to be
sent up in a bit of rhyming verse (6)
22 Yellow mineral found around
western half of Chad (5)
25 Unionists boosted share (3)
Yesterday?s solution 27,028
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S E
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y(7HB7E2*OTSMPR( |||+=!:
hat a lot of lads were using products that
weren?t tested,? Broadley says. ?I have known
boys that have passed tests at championship
level who are users. It?s an IQ test not a drugs
test if you know what your different agents are.?
The remark is pointed. When Broadley was
with Rotherham, a young player called Will
Robinson, who was 21 at the time, tested positive
for clomiphene, which is a physical masking
agent taken to mitigate any potential feminising
effects of using a steroid. One source says that it
was no great surprise when Robinson tested
positive. ?When we found out that he had failed,
we weren?t really shocked,? he says. ?He was 21,
of a slender build and he was bench-pressing
more than some of the forwards.?
Rugby?s game of haves and have-nots has
become divided along educational, as well as
financial lines. The RFU?s academy system, by
all accounts, does a fine job in educating its
players on the dangers of performanceenhancing drugs.
Every member of a junior Premiership
academy is signed up to anti-doping testing. The
RFU and Ukad carried out 108 last year on
junior academy players, which is under-17s and
under-18s. Seminars are delivered by Ukad, the
Rugby Players? Association and the RFU at all
Premiership clubs, while the general nutritional
approach is ?food first?, not supplementation.
One Premiership academy coach said: ?At
academy level, the boys are pretty well
educated. It is scaled up from under-15 into the
full-time academy, where they work one-on-one
with a nutritionist. In terms of additional
supplementation, we don?t discuss until they
come into the full-time environment.?
Again though, there is a division. What about
those players who narrowly miss out on a place
in a Premiership academy, who maintain
aspirations within the game, but are denied the
same education? ?We deal with a lot of big
rugby schools and I would say they need to
invest a hell of a lot more in terms of educating
their students and staff on the requirements and
the paths that are involved,? the coach said.
?The lad
was 21 at
the time,
of slender
build, but
was benchpressing
more
than the
forwards?
Obsession with size
has created monster
When you move past the dividing line of the
Championship, players are generally not
salaried, and are instead paid match fees.
This prizes the ability to stay fit, to perform
and to keep your place in the team. If you do not
play, you receive nothing. Broadley knows the
effect that this can have, especially with the
present commitment to testing. ?In National
Two, it is a 30-game season, plus cup games,
plus pre-season,? he says. ?It is brutal. The injury
lists are massive. I did two seasons at Harrogate,
four at Tigers, 150-odd games in National Two
and have never seen anyone be tested. I have
played at three different National Two clubs and
know an awful lot at others ? and I have never
even heard of anyone being tested.
?You have a system that rewards people who
stay fit. Someone who works or studies at the
same time, what is going to be their thing? Are
you going to do hours of pre-hab [training to
prevent injury]? Or are you going to listen to
someone down the gym whispering in your ear
saying ?this might help you?? You take a gamble.?
I
will come clean. Reading this
chemical odyssey through rugby
union, the first emotion that
struck me was sympathy. For all
the dreamers whose ambitions
can only be realised through online
assistance; the injured amateurs who
see a shortcut back to playing; and
the ones without the time and
facilities to rehabilitate properly.
Rugby has a problem and its scope
cannot be measured by the numbers
of its ranks being caught.
I am not thinking about
professionals like Munster?s
Gerbrandt Grobler, who served a
two-year ban for using the anabolic
steroid, Drostanolone. Munster fans
saw his signing last year from Racing
92 for the moral issue that it is. Nor
Ashley Johnson, who failed a drug
test. But let?s wait for that verdict on
the suspended Wasps forward.
What we should do is recognise the
problems within the game, be they in
English public schools or struggling
small towns in the Welsh valleys. The
quest for size is the overwhelming
problem and those who have changed
the historic culture of the game are as
much the creators of this as the
chemical pushers are the obvious
villains.
There was a time when rugby
union was regarded as a game for all
shapes and sizes. As Rory Barker has
testified in these pages, that is no
longer the case. Now one size fits all:
big. ?Coaches telling me I wasn?t big
enough,? Barker, 16 at the time, said.
The same problem applied to Craig
Chalmers? son, Sam, who was banned
for two years. He effectively made
headlines for not being big enough. If
any of these guys are breaking the
rules, it is probably not for the sake
of a shortcut but to, quite literally,
stay in the game.
While there are clearly
dedicated coaches through
the ranks and age levels of
the game, many of
them believe size
counts. Why
wouldn?t they? How
many tales have
you read of
players turned
away from
d
professional academies
for not
being big enough? In the early
days of professionalism, the new
age of fully paid and pressurised
coaches had to prove that they
were the right men for the job.
There are still a fair few owners
who don?t understand the subtleties
of the game but they?ll recognise the
incredible physical condition of
their team. From 1995 to 2015,
internationals increased their weight
Chalmers was banned for two years
after taking steroids to help improve
his size and performance and is now
rebuilding his career in Australia
on average by two stone. The first
message that came from the elite
changing rooms was that the new age
was marked by size, by physique.
There is a ladder with the best and
more renowned coaches at the top.
Slip down and you?ll find the willing
amateurs who give up their time, such
as schoolteachers. At the bottom are
the players being told to bulk up. It is
easiest to make an example of
individuals when the system itself has
sent the sport towards chaos.
One in which crash, bang and
wallop are the ingredients. One in
which commentators do not talk of
tackles but big hits. One in which the
collision is king. It is no wonder that
nameless numbers may be taking
supplements to keep pace with the
rugby arms race.
Like many, I try not to have
suspicions about certain players with
neck muscles the likes of which I
never envisaged. Plenty look like
Olympic sprinters. It isn?t just size, it
is definition. There are not too many
fatties left. The days of the drinker?s
tyranny, when the body-fat pincers
grabbed at those excess parts are
gone, bar for the odd glorious
exception.
The size of Premiership or Top 14
wage packets is another area that
encourages players to take risks. The
gulf between the elite and the rest is
huge and with testing hardly a threat
according to our report, the risk/
reward factor comes into play.
Whereas it is hard not to have the
utmost sympathy for the kid being
told he is too small, there is very little
for the aspiring big name looking for
an edge. Cheating, in other words.
The third aspect of size that has
grown beyond all comprehension is
ego. We inhabit an online age where
we package ourselves to best effects.
Bodies tend to be beautiful. Watch a
reality show and the men vie with
one another for the biggest pectorals.
The journey from the body beautiful
to rugby player is only a short one.
In public schools, the aspiring
player may not be short on selfesteem but in other, more
deprived parts of the country,
that is not the case.
Thirty years ago, any sort
of crossover between
rugby and bodybuilding
would have been laughed
off the field. Now, with size
and physique the common
factor, the step from the
one to the other is
perilously small.
Once upon a time, to be a
back, you needed to be
smart, in possession of skills
and vision. Now such assets
are seen as a bonus. Be big.
The drug problem is not
primarily professional
rugby?s problem but it is the
bastard son. It is not a
witch-hunt that is needed
so much as a recognition of
the culture created by our
obsession with size. While
big is beautiful the game will
retain its ugly elements.
Rugby?s main concern is as
much its coaches? mindsets
as its drug cheats.
66
2G M
Friday May 4 2018 | the times
Sport Cricket
Cricket pay below
minimum wage
exclusive
Elizabeth Ammon
A number of young county cricketers
are being paid below the minimum
wage, with some earning �000 for the
six-month season, as part of ?widespread contract abuses?, according
to the Professional Cricketers?
Association.
The PCA, which is determined to
?stamp out unapproved contracts?, discovered that in the past year 12 players
were paid or offered contracts that were
below the national minimum wage and
at least six counties were using unapproved employment contracts.
Although the PCA issues salary
guidelines to the counties, they are not
obliged to follow them. The PCA has
seen evidence of some players being
offered contracts worth �0 a month.
The legal national minimum wage for
an 18-year-old is �,000 per annum.
The PCA recommends that a full-time
contract for an 18-year-old is �,897
and �,157 for a 19-year-old.
Some counties have continued to
offer what they term ?development? or
?scholarship? contracts to 18 and 19year-olds, and sometimes to older
players. These deals, which are suited to
those at university, are usually offered
on part-time hours of between 15 to 20
hours a week, but the players often train
and play full-time. They feel unable to
turn down the deals or ask for better
pay for fear that the counties will reject
their requests and look elsewhere.
One of the issues of which The Times
has been made aware is young players
who are on part-time contracts being
put under pressure to attend net
sessions that are outside of their
contracted hours. This extends to
winter training even though they are
only contracted for the summer months.
Offering development contracts has
been a widespread practice for a number of years, but Daryl Mitchell, the
PCA chairman, believes it is time to
stop the practice.
?This is an area we are working hard
to put right and we have achieved some
positive results,? he said. ?However, this
Live and let dye:
James Anderson
sports a new
hairstyle that
prompted
comparisons
with Phillip
Schofield on
social media as
he and fellow
England stars
Joe Root and
Jonny Bairstow
prepare for their
first County
Championship
appearances of
the season today
should not be an issue within professional cricket and we are fighting to
stamp out unapproved contracts.
?We need to make sure we protect the
players? rights to a fair contract and it
seems to me that some are being
exploited. It is easy for those just
making their way in the game to feel
under pressure to sign deals below minimum wage. They can be influenced
that if they do not sign then their dream
of playing professionally will be over.?
Higgins edges
opening session
Snooker John Higgins
leads 5-3 after the first
session of his Betfred
World Championship
semi-final against Kyren
Wilson. The four-times
champion led 3-0 before
Wilson compiled a superb
140 break to reduce the
deficit to 4-3, but missed a
red to allow Higgins to
extend his advantage.
Barry Hawkins leads
Mark Williams by the
same score in the other
semi-final.
Out EVERY
Saturday
A the
ALL
h
weekend?s
race cards
and form
guides
And a 12-page
pull-out for
Sports Betting
with exclusive
Michael Owen
column
Counties have justified these contracts by saying they are constrained by
playing budgets and that non-standard
contracts allow them to pay young
players a small amount. There is a feeling within the PCA that with significant
money coming into the game from
2020 when ?The Hundred? is launched,
and with each county getting an extra
�3 million a year, there is no excuse for
clubs to claim budgets are too tight to
remunerate players properly.
Kohli agrees
Surrey deal
Elizabeth Ammon
Virat Kohli will play for Surrey on a
short-term deal covering three one-day
matches and three County Championship matches next month.
The India captain will join the county
as soon as his IPL duties with Royal
Challengers Bangalore have finished.
When Kohli last played Test cricket
in England, in the 2014 series, he
struggled badly against the moving
Dukes ball, scoring 134 runs in ten
innings. The BCCI is content for its
captain to miss India?s one-off Test
match against Afghanistan in June in
the hope that a month of county cricket
will help him to adjust to conditions
before India?s five-Test series against
England that starts in August.
It is likely that Kohli will play only
one match at the Kia Oval, though,
against Glamorgan in the Royal
London One-Day Cup. Three of the
matches which he is scheduled to play
will be at outgrounds ? against Kent at
Beckenham, Somerset at Guildford and
Yorkshire at Scarborough.
6 Jonathan Trott, 37, the Warwickshire
batsman who played in 52 Tests and 68
ODIs for England, is to retire at the end
of the season.
Cruise the
Adriatic Coast
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Williams pulls out
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Tennis Serena Williams
has withdrawn from the
Madrid Open, which
starts on Monday, as the
former world No 1 tries
to regain full fitness
before the French Open
starts later this month.
Her appearance at Roland
Garros must now be in
doubt. Williams, 36, who
won the Madrid tournament in 2012 and 2013,
returned to the WTA tour
in March after giving
birth to her first child
in September.
@TheRacingPaper
Redeem this voucher in your
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EIGHT DAYS FROM
Townend eyeing
Badminton sweep
Equestrianism Oliver
Townend was seventh
after the first day of the
Mitsubishi Motors
Badminton Horse Trials,
having posted a dressage
score of 25.9 penalties.
The Yorkshireman, 35,
will become only the
third rider to complete
the Rolex Grand Slam
? worth more than
�0,000 ? if he can add
the Badminton title on
Sunday to successive
victories at Burghley
and Kentucky.
PER PERSON
magine yourself reclining under a
deep azure sky, as the polished teak
deck moves almost imperceptibly with
the rhythm of the Mediterranean and a
refreshing evening breeze ruf?es the air.
In the small, picturesque ports on the
Adriatic coast, surrounded by low cliffs,
where the cruise liners boasting everlarger passenger numbers are conspicuous
by their absence, you are cruising the
Mediterranean aboard your very own
yacht-cruiser. Normally the preserve of
the wealthy, you can now experience a
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I
Fascinating walking
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Return flights from
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the times | Friday May 4 2018
67
2G M
Football Sport
?Don?t give more money to big six?
CATHERINE IVILL/AMA/GETTY IMAGES
Burnley?s chairman
Mike Garlick tells
Martyn Ziegler a TV
deal cash grab
would spell the
end of smaller
clubs? dreams
These are historic times at Burnley:
they are poised to play in Europe for the
first time in 50 years and to achieve
their highest league finish since the
early 1970s, but the club?s chairman
Mike Garlick fears that moves to give
the ?big six? more TV money could end
such ?unscripted drama? unfolding in
the future.
Burnley have the smallest turnover
and wage bill in the top flight apart from
those sides promoted last season, yet
are virtually guaranteed seventh place
and Europe ? and could even overtake
Arsenal, whom they meet on Sunday.
Next month is the Premier League?s
annual meeting, where its executive
chairman Richard Scudamore wants a
resolution to demands of the ?big six?
? Arsenal, Liverpool, Chelsea, Tottenham Hotspur and the two Manchester
clubs ? for a greater share of the
overseas TV money.
Garlick is among those opposed,
saying: ?The balance we have now
means Burnley can beat the champions
Chelsea on the opening day.
?I just hate to think that the balance
is upset. If you give the bigger clubs a
load more money it?s bound to have an
effect on the competitiveness of the
league. You only need to look at Europe
? Spain, Germany, where Bayern
Munich have won it the last six years. Is
that what we want?
?Surely the attraction of our league is
that five or six teams could win the
Premier League, and on the day the
other 14 can beat one of the top six. That
adds to the unscripted drama of it. If
people know what?s going to happen
they are going to turn their TV sets off.?
Garlick, born within sight of Turf
Moor, is an out-and-out fan: one who
has travelled to support England in
every World Cup since 2002, though he
has decided against Russia this summer
because of the security situation.
Sitting in the Shoreditch offices of
the global recruitment firm he founded
in 1989, he admits that Burnley being in
Europe is the stuff of fantasy, built on
team collectiveness, with an excellent
manager in Sean Dyche at the core.
?We were last in Europe in 1966-67,
reached the quarter-finals of the Fairs
Cup and I was aged five,? he says. ?I
Garlick, second
right, revels in
Burnley?s 2016
promotion to
the top flight
didn?t see it, and I never thought I?d see
European football at Turf Moor. It?s
ironic because all our fans are chanting,
?We are all going on a European tour,?
and Burnley was one of the biggest
Brexit towns . . .
?I think we pay our players quite well.
Our wages have gone up, so what we
spend on wages might keep you in the
Premier League but no one was expect-
?If people know what?s
going to happen they?ll
turn their TV sets off?
ing us to be seventh and in Europe.
There?s less variance from the lower
wages to the higher wages in our squad,
where at other clubs you might have
people on 25 grand a week and others
on 125 grand. I don?t like the sound of
that. That would cause us big problems.
?In the programme notes for the last
time we were in the FA Cup final ?
1962 against Tottenham ? it says
Burnley?s strength is its collectiveness.
We never really had superstars then
and the same is true today. Jimmy
Robson, who played in that final,
worked down the pit. Most of the lads in
the early Sixties had part-time jobs,
four or five of them down the mine.
They are great stories from the past but
we have to keep looking forward, we
don?t want to be this romantic little club
that always looks back.?
Garlick has introduced the rigour of
the recruitment industry to signing
players, a tactic that has led to the club
focusing on those playing in Britain.
?Our recruitment team prefers to
keep it focused on things that are easily
accessible to us,? he says. ?In terms of
personal characteristics, what they do
when they are off the pitch? Do they go
off to the casino or home to their wives?
?That detail is really important and
it?s a lot easier to do that and reference
people in the UK or Ireland. Who are
his last five managers, sporting directors and chairmen, and speak to them
all. I?m in recruitment so that?s what I
do, it?s my bread and butter. If they have
bad habits we don?t want them, and for
those in Germany or Spain and so on
it?s just harder to get that real data.?
Garlick laughs when Joey Barton,
whose reputation went before him
when he arrived, is mentioned. ?He?s a
great player and if you can manage him
Who is top of the money league?
Premier League clubs? turnover
2016-17
Man Utd

581
473
Man City
423
Arsenal
Liverpool
364
Chelsea
361
306
Tottenham
233
Leicester
West Ham
183
Southampton
182
Everton
171
Crystal Palace
141
West Brom
138
Bournemouth
136
Stoke
136
Swansea
128
Watford
124
Burnley
121
Mourinho: contract offer is there, it?s up to Fellaini now
Paul Hirst
Jos� Mourinho has rejected Marouane
Fellaini?s claim that Manchester United
are to blame for his failure to sign a new
contract at Old Trafford.
The Belgium midfielder is threatening to leave for China on a free transfer
next month because he says United
have messed up contract negotiations
and they are yet to offer him an acceptable deal.
Mourinho, the United manager, hit
back by pointing out that the club had
offered the 30-year-old a pay rise, but
he is holding out for better terms.
?You cannot say that it was [the fault
of] the club,? Mourinho said. ?He had
offers. And the offer now is a better offer than he had six or eight months ago.
?He is using the fact that he is at the
end of his contract to let it go. It is his
decision and we have to respect that.?
Fellaini is thought to be holding out
for at least a two-year extension. He
spoke about the idea of moving to the
Chinese Super League this week, but
Mourinho hopes he will stay.
?I?m still positive,? he said. ?He knows
I want him to stay, he knows that the
club wants him to stay, he has an offer
from us and it?s up to him now.?
Romelu Lukaku will miss tonight?s
match away to Brighton & Hove Albion
as he is undergoing treatment on an
ankle injury at a specialist clinic in
Belgium, but Mourinho expects the
striker to be back for the FA Cup final
against Chelsea. Eric Bailly is likely to
miss out tonight as Mourinho wants to
give his other centre backs a chance to
impress their national team managers.
?[Marcos] Rojo, [Victor] Lindelof, [Phil]
Jones, [Chris] Smalling ? all of them
are wishing to make the World Cup and
Eric is not under that pressure,? he said.
Mourinho said he would not stand in
Rui Faria?s way if Arsenal wanted to
appoint the United assistant as their
new manager. ?Would it be a good fit?
Yes,? he said. ?If my friend has the possibility of a big job I would help him to
pack and to carry the bags and wish him
luck.?
It is a measure of the difficulty of
Brighton?s run-in that tonight?s game is
seen as the most winnable of their three
remaining fixtures, with visits to Manchester City and Liverpool to follow.
A win will ensure the club?s Premier
League survival regardless of other
results. ?We have an opportunity to do
ourselves a big favour,? Chris Hughton,
the Brighton manager, said.
?If we can perform as well as we did
up at Old Trafford for the cup and
league games, then we?ll have a chance.
What we wouldn?t be silly enough to do
is underestimate the quality that Manchester United have.?
Brighton & Hove Albion (probable; 4-4-1-1): M Ryan ?
Bruno, S Duffy, L Dunk, G Bong ? A Knockaert,
D Pr鰌per, D Stephens, J Izquierdo ? P Gross ?
G Murray.
Manchester United (probable; 4-3-3): D De Gea ?
A Valencia, P Jones, C Smalling, A Young ? A Herrera,
N Matic, P Pogba ? J Mata, A Martial, M Rashford.
Referee C Pawson. Kick-off 8pm
Television Sky Sports. Radio talkSPORT
In-game goal clips via the Times app
then he?s great to have on your side. His
past was mixed, but at least we knew
that and then could make a decision.?
Garlick admits it was hard to stick to
his guns when the latest TV deal riches
arrived last season, with fans pushing
for signings and clubs asking ?crazy
money?. ?Everyone was going bonkers.
You have to find that balance. We are
not billionaires, we can?t bail the club
out by saying here?s another � million
or � million every year. We can put a
bit in but it?s not of that ilk.?
Burnley boast four England internationals and Dyche?s name is constantly
linked with managerial vacancies.
Garlick hopes that a new contract
agreed in January and Burnley?s set-up
will stop his head from being turned.
?Sean has been here five years now
and he?s always going to get attention
because he?s being doing very well, but
I hope he?s here for the next five years.
?One thing he has got with us is his
ability to shape his infrastructure. He
has not got someone else telling him
who to recruit, it?s his decision.?
The stage is set at Turf Moor: the
Premier League will remain the priority next season but do not rule out some
more drama, this time in Europe.
Channel Five loses its
highlights show to Quest
Highlights of Football League
matches will be shown on the
freeview channel Quest from next
season after it struck a deal
understood to be worth a record
�million. The 90-minute show, with
Colin Murray remaining as the
presenter, will run at 9pm on
Saturdays after Quest, which is
owned by the Discovery Channel,
beat Channel Five to a four-year deal.
Quest will also have midweek
highlights shows from league,
Carabao Cup and Checkatrade
Trophy matches as part of the
arrangement. Shaun Harvey, the EFL
chief executive, said: ?This new
partnership will provide excellent
coverage for supporters of our clubs
on a free-to-air platform at a
primetime slot.?
68
2G M
Friday May 4 2018 | the times
Sport Football
ANDRES KUDACKI/AP
Surrender not
an option in
Klopp?s brave
new world
As Liverpool prepare to
take on Real in Kiev,
Paul Joyce looks at
their progress since the
clubs? meeting in 2014
Liverpool stand on the brink of
something remarkable and, as they
contemplate etching their names into a
glorious European history, it is fitting
that Real Madrid should lie in wait for
J黵gen Klopp?s side in Kiev.
Progress during his tenure has been
striking, but the prospect of the collision with the 12-times European
champions on May 26 is especially
mouthwatering.
Liverpool have their pride back, their
swagger, even if, by the end of
Wednesday?s semi-final, Roma reduced
it to something of a stagger, and the
unshakeable sense is of a club on the
ascent.
If the point where some of those
qualities were lost is traced back, the
trail arguably leads to Real Madrid and
a Champions League game in the
Bernab閡 in November 2014.
That night Brendan Rodgers pitched
up with a game plan and saw it come to
fruition. A 1-0 reverse, a fortnight after
Liverpool had been humbled 3-0 by
Cristiano Ronaldo and Karim Benzema
at Anfield, could be taken as progress,
and yet to many it was actually a
backward step.
Honour in defeat? Liverpool had
waved white handkerchiefs, meekly
accepting their fate before a ball had
been kicked, with Steven Gerrard,
Philippe Coutinho, Jordan Henderson
and Raheem Sterling kicking their
heels on the substitutes? bench and
reduced to watching Lazar Markovic
and Fabio Borini in their place.
Rodgers had prioritised a home game
with Chelsea four days later, but when
that was lost too, it became harder to
justify what had come before. A
tailspin, created by the sale of Luis
Su醨ez and compounded by the arrival
of Mario Balotelli rather than Alexis
S醤chez that summer, gathered
momentum.
The stakes will be considerably
higher in the first meeting between the
clubs since then, but that is not the only
difference. Liverpool see themselves as
equals now.
They will not run from the fight. For
all the talk of Real seeking revenge for
their 1981 final defeat in Paris,
Liverpool, too, have a score to settle.
Klopp does not do damage limitation. Instead, he does ballsy, brave,
sometimes gung-ho football, the sort
that stifled Roma?s thoughts of a comeback in the Stadio Olimpico only to
then rouse Italian hopes again during a
seesaw second-leg that ended 4-2 to the
hosts but finished 7-6 on aggregate to
the visitors.
Klopp has led Liverpool out of the
dark, those days when they were not
quite sure what they were any more,
embracing the importance that
European competition has played in
the club?s tradition. He has imbued
identity and confidence, redefined
what is acceptable and what is not.
And what has quickly become apparent during the retreat from Rome is that
simply reaching the final is not enough.
Now it is all about prevailing in the
Olympic Stadium in a little over three
weeks and claiming a sixth European
Cup.
?He changed many things not just
the players, but things around the club,?
Dejan Lovren, the Liverpool defender,
said. ?He has changed the mentality,
how we think. Everything is more positive now.
?Even when we sometimes don?t play
good, he always finds something good
and there is not negativity. He deserves
this. It is not accidental that he already
reached the final of the Champions
3rd
Where Liverpool
finished in their group in
2014 behind Real and
Basle and one point
above Ludogorets
of Bulgaria
Benzema rubs salt into the wound
for Liverpool at the Bernabeu in
2014 where Rodgers embarked
on a damage-limitation exercise
How they lined up in 2014
Real Madrid 1 Liverpool 0
Real Madrid (4-4-2)
Casillas
Arbeloa (83) Varane*
Ramos*
Marcelo*
Rodriguez (62) Modric* Kroos*
Isco*
Ronaldo* Benzema* (87)
Lallana*
Borini
Markovic (69)
Allen
Can* (75)
L Leiva (69)
Moreno*
Tour�
Skrtel
Manquillo
Mignolet*
*still at club
Liverpool (4-3-3)
Real Madrid substitutes: G Bale* (minute went
on 62), Nacho* (83), J Hern醤dez (87)
Not used: K Navas*, Pepe, � Medr醤, L Torr�
Liverpool substitutes: Gerrard (69), Sterling (69),
Coutinho (75) Not used: B Jones, G Johnson,
J Henderson*, M Balotelli
League in 2013 with Borussia
Dortmund.
He has given the club pride back.
Everyone feels that, everyone lives that.
Everyone should be proud that we have
a manager like him.?
Liverpool?s improvement lies in
unity, smart recruitment and a philosophy espoused by a manager that
dovetails snugly with the wishes of the
supporters, whose bond with the club is
stronger than for some time.
If there are still flaws, moments of
defensive disarray, then that is because
Klopp has not yet completed two full
seasons in the job and still has work to
do in smoothing out the glitches he
inherited.
What awaits Klopp?s team is the ultimate winning machine, a side who have
a set of T-shirts proclaiming the next
landmark in their storied heritage,
believing that it is not a question of ?if?
the moment will arrive, but ?when?.
While it seems that Real have been
blessed by the gods at certain moments
on their own path to Ukraine, then that
is what is required when the champions
of France (Paris Saint-Germain), Italy
(Juventus) and Germany (Bayern
Munich) form the obstacles in each of
the knockout rounds.
Liverpool, too, benefited from Leroy
San�s ?goal? being incorrectly ruled
out on the stroke of half-time in their
quarter-final, second leg, against
Manchester City. That allowed them to
reorganise at the interval 1-0 down
instead of 2-0 as they sought to protect
a three-goal lead.
On Wednesday, Trent AlexanderArnold?s handball from Stephan El
Shaarawy?s shot went unnoticed at
what Roma perceived as a critical
juncture.
The unknown about this Liverpool
team is whether they can get over the
line when it matters most. Klopp has his
own hoodoo to break, having lost his
past five finals, starting with
Dortmund?s defeat in the competition
by Bayern Munich at Wembley in
2013.
Now he has the opportunity, sooner
than he could have imagined, to banish
the memory of those defeats.
?We are Liverpool so somebody kicks
our ass constantly,? Klopp had said on
the eve of their semi-final success. ?It is,
?Make the next step, make the next step,
make the next step.? It is not possible in
this club to stand still.?
On the grandest club stage and
against this rival in particular, the
platform is there for Liverpool to
demonstrate how far they have come.
Winning Champions League will net Liverpool more than �m
Paul Joyce
Liverpool?s run to the Champions
League final could mean a windfall of
more than � million for the club.
J黵gen Klopp?s side are guaranteed to
take home at least �.8 million in
prize money after progressing from the
qualifying round in August through to
the final against Real Madrid on May
26.
The victors will receive an additional
�million. The winnings will then be
topped up by a share of the market pool
money. Liverpool can expect to bank
about �.9 million from that.
The total that Liverpool will take
home if they claim a sixth European
Cup would be about �.7 million. Costs
incurred from participating in the
competition will dilute that figure
slightly. Liverpool?s players will receive
bonuses if they lift the trophy, with the
squad sharing a cash pot thought to be
worth more than �million, although
some agents may have negotiated
increases on top of that.
There will certainly be no inferiority
complex when Klopp?s men confront
Real in Kiev, with Liverpool insisting it
is the holders who should fear them.
The belief that has helped to propel
Liverpool to the final was evident as
Sadio Man� and Dejan Lovren both
believe that the Spaniards would need
to be wary of their opponents.
Zin閐ine Zidane?s side will be seeking
to lift the trophy for a third successive
campaign as Liverpool contemplate
their first final in the competition since
2007, yet the stark contrast in experience was brushed aside.
The T-shirts Real wore at the end of
their semi-final success over Bayern
Munich referenced their pursuit of a
13th overall crown, but Lovren said:
?They are quite confident, but we don?t
care for that. We are focused on our job.
Why should we fear them? They should
fear us. You need to play against the best
teams, but the best teams are us and
Real Madrid.?
The manner in which Liverpool
confirmed their passage beyond Roma
7-6 on aggregate came in spite of a 4-2
defeat in the Stadio Olimpico on
Wednesday. Defensive vulnerability
reared in the closing stages once again
to leave Klopp admitting that his side
had suffered.
Man�, who opened the scoring
against Roma and has mustered 11 goals
since the January departure of Philippe
Coutinho, said: ?We do have a lot of
respect for Madrid. They are one of the
best teams in the world, but we are
How the top six stand
P
Manchester City ........ 35
Manchester United....35
Liverpool .................... 36
Tottenham Hotspur...35
Chelsea.......................35
Arsenal.......................35
W D L
30 3 2
24 5 6
20 12 4
21 8 6
20 6 9
17 6 12
F
102
67
80
68
60
67
A GD Pts
26 76 93
27 40 77
37 43 72
31 37 71
34 26 66
48 19 57
Remaining fixtures
Manchester City Huddersfield Town (h),
Brighton & Hove Albion (h), Southampton (a)
Manchester United Brighton & Hove Albion (a),
West Ham United (a), Watford (h)
Liverpool Chelsea (a), Brighton & Hove Albion (h)
Tottenham Hotspur West Bromwich Albion (a),
Newcastle United (h), Leicester City (h)
Chelsea Liverpool (h), Huddersfield Town (h),
Newcastle United (a)
Arsenal Burnley (h), Leicester City (a),
Huddersfield Town (a)
Liverpool. We are strong. We can beat
any team in the world. We believe that.
?We know we are going to go there
and fight; for the fans, for the club, and
fight without fear . . . and win the final.
We have the players. We can score
goals, we have shown that.?
Liverpool travelled back from Rome
early yesterday afternoon and Klopp
will immediately immerse himself in
preparations for Sunday?s match away
to Chelsea, where a win would seal a
top-four Premier League finish.
The home game with Brighton &
Hove Albion rounds off their league
campaign and there is a two-week
break after that before heading to
Ukraine seeking a sixth win in the
competition and first since 2005.
Injuries mean Klopp continues to
have little room for manoeuvre, with
Adam Lallana not expected to be fit
until the Brighton match and Emre Can
having only an outside chance of
recovering from a back injury in time
for the final.
the times | Friday May 4 2018
69
2G M
Europa League Sport
Wenger, the man who ran out of time
JUAN MEDINA/REUTERS
Matt Dickinson
Koscielny waves
for assistance
after rupturing his
achilles early
in the first half
32
This was Atletico?s 32nd
clean sheet of the season
(55 games), the most by
any team in the top
five European
leagues
Chief Sports Writer
Madrid
And so it ends at the John Smith?s
Stadium rather than a night of
anthems, glamour, and potential glory,
in Europe. If that does not seem the way
that Ars鑞e Wenger should be saying
farewell to the English game after 22
distinguished years, playing for nothing
much in Huddersfield on the final day
of the domestic season, this long goodbye started going awry quite a few years
ago.
The hope had been that all the
rancour that has grown at the Emirates,
corroding like rust over a decade, could
somehow be erased by a first European
trophy for Wenger. He could walk away
with shiny silverware in his hands. A
proper trophy would sure beat a carriage clock or another glass memento.
But if it was always asking a lot, it was
especially hoping for too much against
opponents like Atletico Madrid. You do
not come here, to the unforgiving home
of the three hard Diegos ? Simeone,
Costa and God韓 ? looking for
romance and sentimentality.
These are the sort of guys who will
stand in the tunnel and, to borrow a
phrase Steve Redgrave famously
growled into Matthew Pinsent?s ear
Atletico march on and Wenger limps
shortly before an Olympic final, say to
each other ?let?s go crush some to his finale with three domestic matches at home to Burnley, away to Leicester
dreams?. And they did.
Arsenal were Arsenal; flashes of hope City and that final trip to Yorkshire
but ultimately disappointing, lacking in which to defend sixth place ? the
lowest league finish of the
not only the finishing touch but
Frenchman?s era.
the belief that they would ever
There will be plenty of
find it. ?We missed somerespectful
applause
thing,? Wenger said, which
wherever he goes but this
could be the lament for
Diego
Costa
has
scored
will follow the TS Eliot
much of the last dozen
four goals in seven
ending of no bang but a
years.
Atletico were exactly the appearances against whimper. Will Wenger,
Arsenal
the man who seemingly
sort of opponents to make
believed right to the end that
them suffer for it; not at their
he was only one goal, one win
best yet still, from the immovaaway from turning it all around and
ble God韓 through to the class of
Antoine Griezmann and the knockout embarking on more glories, admit that
blow from Costa, able to doggedly find he stayed too long?
The board had considered ending it
a way.
They, not Arsenal, will deservedly be all last summer and he would have left
heading to Lyons for the Europa on the back of a victorious FA Cup final,
League final on May 16 after two legs only for Stan Kroenke to offer another
that left Wenger as deflated as we have two-year contract that has not done
ever seen him, talking afterwards of the much for either party as they call it a
time he would need to recover from this day only 12 months later.
And so Wenger?s final game in charge
defeat, this sad conclusion. Not many in
sport get to enjoy a happy ending, a of Arsenal at the Emirates on Sunday
medal wrapped neatly in a bow.
against Burnley will feel a strange occa-
4
Tony Cascarino?s
Talking points
Beller韓 caught out
Wilshere mystery
One of my pet hates is when quick
players think they don?t need to
worry about their positioning because
they are fast enough to make up for it.
H閏tor Beller韓 is a prime example.
He is probably the swiftest right ba
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