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The Times - 6 April 2018

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daily newspaper of the year
Friday April 6 2018 | thetimes.co.uk | No 72502
Who will win?
Who should win?
2GRK
Only �to subscribers �60
Mind the gap
INSIDE
TIMES2
What the north-south
ddivide means for you
Ann Treneman?s Olivier Award predictions
16-page property pullout
Think again: mental decline in later life can be staved off
Tom Whipple Science Editor
Mental decay is not inevitable,
scientists said yesterday after a study
found that our brain continues to
renew itself in old age.
Neuroscientists said that people can
prevent brain deterioration by leading a
healthier life and keeping mentally fit
through continued learning.
The study examined the brains of 28
people who had died suddenly. Because
they were all cognitively healthy and
aged 14-79, the scientists were able to
chart the adult brain as it aged.
By looking at slices from the hippocampus, which is associated with
memory, they demonstrated that the
brains contained thousands of newly
formed neurons. They had a similar
number of progenitor cells, which turn
into neurons in a process known as
neurogenesis. They estimated that this
part of the brain replaced about 700
neurons a day, irrespective of age.
Although this number is small, it
comes after a paper in Nature last
month estimated that no new cells were
made in adulthood.
Maura Boldrini, of Columbia University, said that the latest research,
reported in the journal Cell Stem Cell,
was good news. ?To know these neu-
rons are there and that they can still
proliferate enables us to understand
more about how healthy ageing functions and also to understand how things
go when they don?t go as well,? she said.
?At the same time we know it?s good
to have them. In mice, we have shown
new neurons are necessary for learning
and coping with stress. We also know
neurogenesis is supported by lifestyle
changes like social interaction, learn-
ing, exercise and diet. These are all life
changes that people could introduce to
keep them healthy in old age.?
Duncan Banks, a neuroscientist at
the Open University, said: ?Neurogenesis is thought to be necessary to prevent
mental decay and decline. This study
provides further evidence that mental
decay and decline is not the inevitable
process many of us think it is.?
Leading article, page 29
Murder toll
rises as use
of stop and
search falls
Fiona Hamilton Crime Editor
Richard Ford Home Correspondent
in the former Soviet Union, such as
Ukraine or Uzbekistan.
Yesterday Ms Skripal spoke publicly
for the first time since the poisoning,
saying that her strength was ?growing
daily? in a statement released by the
Metropolitan Police on her behalf.
Officials were working to determine
the authenticity of a phone call broadcast by Russian state television said to
be between Ms Skripal, 33, and her
cousin, Viktoria. The woman said to be
Ms Skripal claimed in the call that
her father, 66, was also recovering,
contradicting hospital reports that he is
The use of stop-and-search by police in
London has fallen under Cressida Dick
despite her endorsement of the tactic, it
emerged yesterday as the capital?s
murder toll continued to rise.
Use of the controversial power is still
dropping, according to analysis by The
Times, even after Britain?s most senior
police officer said that it was a ?valuable
tool? when she was appointed commissioner of the Metropolitan Police
nearly a year ago.
MPs and senior police officers called
last night for it to be used more after an
epidemic of violence that has included
53 murders in London this year.
An 18-year-old man was stabbed to
death on Wednesday evening. There
were six more stabbings yesterday,
including an attack on a 13-year-old boy
who was said to be in a ?serious but
stable? condition in hospital. Last night
two men were shot in Luton, north of
the capital. Their injuries were said to
be serious but not life-threatening.
The Met carried out 19,931 stop-andsearches in January and February this
year, a fall of 6 per cent from the same
period last year. In January Sadiq Khan,
the mayor of London, said that the
practice would ?significantly increase?
in response to rising knife crime.
According to data from the Met there
were 65,894 stop-and-searches in the
second half of last year, compared with
69,895 during the same period in 2016.
The figures underline concerns that
officers have lost the confidence to use
stop-and-search for fear of being criticised. Theresa May, when she was
home secretary, ordered a reduction in
its use in response to concerns that it
targeted black people and ethnic
minorities disproportionately.
It fell in England and Wales by nearly
80 per cent in eight years, from a peak
of 1.5 million in 2008-09. Cuts in the
number of police officers in the austerity era have also been linked to the drop.
Tim Loughton, a Conservative MP
Continued on page 7, col 4
Continued on page 2
RUSSIA
250 miles
Shikhany
military base
chemical weapons
development site
Moscow
UKRAINE
KAZAKHSTAN
The Shikhany research base, 500 miles from Moscow, is thought to have produced the novichok poison. The facility also contains shops, hospitals and schools
Salisbury poison ?made
at Russia?s Porton Down?
Military research base tested novichok for assassinations abroad, UK told allies
Catherine Philp
Diplomatic Correspondent
A Russian military research base has
been identified as the source of the
nerve agent used at Salisbury in a
British intelligence briefing for its allies,
The Times has learnt.
It was used to persuade world leaders
that Moscow was behind the poisoning
and said that the novichok chemical
was manufactured at the Shikhany
facility in southwest Russia.
The briefing led to the expulsion of
more than 150 Russian diplomats from
28 countries. Also included was infor-
mation suggesting that Shikhany,
Russia?s equivalent of the defence
laboratory at Porton Down, was used
during the past decade to test whether
novichok could be effective for assassinations abroad. The weapons-grade
nerve agent was used to poison the
former double agent Sergei Skripal and
his daughter, Yulia, a month ago.
The stockpiles detected at Shikhany
were far smaller than would be used in
a battlefield weapon, suggesting their
use in targeted killings. Hamish de
Bretton Gordon, the former commander of Britain?s Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Regiment, who
Yulia Skripal,
daughter of
the former
spy, thanked
hospital staff
has seen the intelligence, called it very
compelling. ?The intelligence Britain
has clearly points to Russia and Shikhany,? he said. ?No doubt the Russians
are scrubbing it down as we speak.?
Mr de Bretton Gordon said that there
was nothing to support claims that novichok could have come from elsewhere
2
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Friday April 6 2018 | the times
News
T O D AY ? S E D I T I O N
BBC breaks cap
for top earners
Intruder was
on wanted list
RNIB in abuse
investigation
More than 1,500 BBC
employees, including
presenters and editors,
are paid more than
their stated salary
bands, in a breach of
the broadcaster?s own
guidelines. Page 4
The intruder stabbed
to death after being
confronted by a man
aged 78 in his home
was wanted by police
for allegedly targeting
another pensioner last
year. Page 11
The Royal National
Institute of Blind
People faces claims of
abusive practice,
including some of a
sexual nature, at a
school and care home
for children. Page 17
COMMENT
China?s increasingly repressive censors
should have no say over British culture
THUNDERER, PAGE 26
Midterm blues
for Republicans
Takeda poised
for �bn bid
謟il inspires
Arsenal to win
Republicans fear heavy
losses in November?s
midterm elections as
China targets Trump
voters with tariffs and
the fallout from the
Russia investigation
continues. Page 30
Takeda, the Japanese
pharmaceutical giant
stalking Shire, the
London-listed drug
company, has raised
expectations that it will
make a � billion-plus
takeover bid. Page 37
Arsenal defeated
CSKA Moscow 4-1 in
the first leg of their
Europa League
quarter-final. Mesut
謟il was involved in all
four of the home side?s
goals. Pages 66-67
COMMENT 25
LETTERS 28
LEADING ARTICLES 29
WORLD 30
BUSINESS 37
REGISTER 53
SPORT 60
CROSSWORD 72
TV & RADIO TIMES2
FOLLOW US
thetimes
timesandsundaytimes
DINNER
TONIGHT
Grilled sea bass with
cucumber noodles
and sushi ginger
Cucumber is terrific in
slurping noodle dishes,
adding a clean, crisp
taste and texture.
Ready-to-go rice
noodles are a useful
standby but any of the
round (as opposed to
flat) rice noodles are
good for this dish. For
more people, multiply
the ingredients in
proportion.
Serves 2 Prep 15 min
Cook 15 min
Ingredients: �
cucumber; 2 spring
onions; � chicken
stock cube; 150g
soaked udon or other
round, rice noodles;
2 fillets of sea bass;
1 tbsp olive oil; 3 tbsp
soy sauce; 6 slices
sushi ginger.
Boil the kettle. Peel the
cucumber. Cut in half
lengthways and use a
teaspoon to scrape
away the seed debris.
Cut in slim half moons.
Trim and finely slice
spring onions. Dissolve
stock cube in 300ml
boiling water. Add soy
sauce, cucumber and
spring onions. Cover
and leave for 5 min.
Add ginger to broth. At
the same time, place
thetimes
noodles in a separate
bowl and cover with
boiling water. Leave for
5 min. Drain noodles
and divide between
two deep bowls. Strain
stock over top, then
stir cucumber and
onions into noodles.
Heat overhead grill.
Brush the bass with
olive oil and season
with salt and pepper.
Grill on both sides,
finishing with the
skinned side, allowing
the skin to blister and
crisp but taking care
not to overcook the
fish, allowing a couple
of minutes a side and
up to 5 min depending
on the thickness of the
fillets. Lay the fish, skin
side up over the
noodles and serve.
Lindsey Bareham
OFFER
Why pay more? Save money on your daily
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SEE PAGE 36 FOR DETAILS
THE WEATHER
Please note, some sections of The Times are
available only in the United Kingdom and Ireland
4
3
37
10
2
28
12
12
12
11
13
2
20
Cloudy in the north and west with
rain. Brighter and drier in the south
and east. Full forecast, page 59
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Huge generational gap in
housing wealth is growing
Tom Knowles Property Correspondent
The over-60s hold 17 times more
wealth in their homes than those in
their early 30s, up from six times more
a decade ago.
Figures from the Office for National
Statistics revealing the generational divide in housing wealth suggest that
those in their early 30s will struggle to
ever replicate the property fortunes of
their parents.
The figures show that 30 to 32-yearolds have a third of the property wealth
that the same age group did ten years
ago. ?Two thirds of housing wealth disappearing over just ten years is a lot of
money,? Torsten Bell, director of the
Resolution Foundation, said.
Between 2006 and 2008, those aged
60 to 62 had �1,800 of property
wealth on average. By 2014-16 this had
grown to �5,000, although this is likely to have been much higher for homeowners in London and the South East
where house prices have soared over
the past decade.
In contrast, those aged 30 to 32 held
�,000 on average in 2006-08, and
�,000 in 2014-16. This meant the gap
in housing wealth between those in
their early 60s and the early 30s went
from six times higher to 17 times higher.
Older homeowners always tend to
hold more wealth in their property than
younger generations as they will have
had more time to pay down their mortgage and benefit from rising house
prices, but economists say the fact that
this gap has grown is worrying. Robert
Joyce, associate director of the Institute
for Fiscal Studies, said: ?It is always true
that older people tend to have more
wealth, but the growing size of that gap
shows that the younger generation is
really struggling to accumulate wealth
in the way their predecessors did.?
Today?s 30-year-olds entered the
labour market at the peak of the
financial crisis and have suffered from
lower starting salaries, smaller pay rises
and anxiety about moving jobs. This
means that their wages are lower than
the same age group ten years ago, once
adjusted for inflation.
At the same time, it has become
harder to get on to the property ladder.
First-time buyers today face house
prices that are 5.2 times higher than
average incomes in the UK, while in
London house prices are about 14 times
higher than average earnings. The
Women in NHS are paid
a quarter less than men
Chris Smyth, Fariha Karim
Female NHS staff earn 25 per cent less
than their male colleagues, according
to data on more than a million workers.
The gender pay gap among full-time
doctors is 15 per cent, but rises to 26 per
cent when part-time work is included,
data from NHS Digital shows. The
average earnings for all male doctors is
�,613, compared with �,236 for
women.
For nurses and porters the gap
shrinks to 4 per cent. Overall among
NHS staff, full-time men earn an average of �,470 and women �,702. This
rises to a gap of 36 per cent taking parttime work, bonuses and overtime into
account, with the average man earning
�,166 compared with �,017 for
women.
Yesterday more than 100 employers
continued to submit figures to the
government on their gender pay gaps,
despite the deadline having passed at
midnight on Wednesday.
Among them were the Conservative
Party, which had a mean hourly rate for
women 1.5 per cent lower than men?s,
and a median hourly rate 15.7 per cent
higher. The party said that it was not
obliged to publish its figures because it
continued from page 1
Stop-and-search falls
and member of the home affairs select
committee, said last night that cutting
stop-and-search had been right
because its use had been random and
disproportionate. However, he added:
?With the spate of violent crime there is
a strong case for making sure that
police are not holding back from using
stop-and-search when it?s targeted and
on good grounds.?
Philip Hollobone, the Tory MP for
Kettering and a former special constable, said that the public would be reassured if there was more use of stop-andsearch, adding: ?I think the pendulum
has swung too far the other way.?
Ms Dick told The Times last week
did not have the minimum of 250
employees in April last year, but had
done so ?in the interests of transparency?. Labour had a mean hourly rate for
women 2.5 per cent lower than men?s
and a median 4 per cent lower.
The National Theatre is one of the
few arts organisations to pay its female
staff more on average than men. The
median hourly pay of women at the
theatre is 3 per cent higher than men.
Among Russell Group universities in
England, Durham University had the
worst record, with a median gap of
29.3 per cent. Of employers with more
than 20,000 employees, Lloyds Bank
had the largest median gap, of 42.7 per
cent, followed by RBS at 36.5 per cent.
Sally Davies, of the Medical Woman?s
Federation, told the BBC that the NHS
finding ?reflects the fact that men are
more likely to make it into senior positions. It is the same issue we have seen
in the rest of the economy. It raises serious questions for the NHS and government. I would like to know what they
are going to do about it.?
Health Education England, the
training quango where two thirds of the
staff are women, has a median pay gap
of 52.5 per cent. The gap falls to 44 per
cent among the best-paid managers.
that to combat the surge of violence, officers would carry out more stop-andsearches, in pursuit especially of weapons rather than drugs. The Met has increased its weapon searches in the past
year but they still account for less than
a fifth of stop-and-searches.
A spokeswoman for the Metropolitan Police said yesterday: ?The
commissioner has been clear that she
will support officers if the number of
stop-and-searches increases in the
fight against knife crime.?
Stop-and-searches have fallen from
1.5 million in 2008-09 to just over
304,000 in England and Wales in the
year to the end of March last year, the
lowest number since 2002.
Andy Cooke, the chief constable of
Merseyside, said that stop-and-search
average age to buy a first home is 30 in
the UK and 31 in London.
In England, this has contributed to
home ownership reaching a 30-year
low and home ownership among the
under-45s dropping by more than a
million since 2010.
Mr Bell said that the huge gap
between those in their 60s and 30s
showed that inherited wealth was likely
to start playing a much bigger role in
the British economy. ?Inheritance is
going to go from a marginal issue to
being a massive issue,? he said. ?Your
living standards are going to be so affected by what you inherit in a way they
haven?t been in previous generations.?
Longer lifespans mean that today?s
30-year-olds are not likely to inherit
this wealth from their parents until
they are 61, however.
Mr Joyce added: ?It is likely that
much of this housing wealth is eventually going to be passed down through
inheritances, but the question is how
equally will that trickle down given that
inheritances are not received equally?
People who are already better off tend
to be the ones that inherit lots of
money.?
Leading article, page 29
Half a billion
more spent
on foreign aid
Sam Coates, Patrick Maguire
Britain spent over half a billion pounds
more on international aid last year,
according to official figures that reveal
huge fluctuations in the development
budget. Less than a quarter of the additional funding went on humanitarian
assistance, in a year that included the
east African drought and other crises.
The vast majority of the additional
spend went to multilateral organisations such as the International Monetary Fund Poverty Reduction and
Growth Trust and the World Bank.
In 2017, the amount of aid provided by
the UK government increased by
4.2 per cent to �.9 billion. This represented an increase of �5 million, up
from �.4 billion in 2016. Spending in
Asia dropped by �9 million, a fall that
reflects a drop in spending in countries
directly affected by Syria?s refugee crisis.
The UK gave �4 million to the EU?s
overseas aid budget, a decrease of
� million from last year that reflects
fluctuations in the strength of the
pound. Africa remained the largest recipient of UK aid by region; 58.5 per
cent of the total budget, or �5 billion.
had fallen to ?shocking? levels given
that it was one of the most useful tactics
police had. Officers had stopped using
it for fear of being criticised, he said, but
its use could be made transparent immediately by requiring every stop-andsearch to be filmed.
Yesterday Ms Dick announced a
violence task force of 120 officers to
?bear down? on knife crime in vulnerable areas of London. The Met said it was
investigating 53 suspected murders in
London since the start of the year, and
two murders of children from the capital whose bodies were found in Sussex.
Israel Ogunsola, 18, who was found
by officers fatally wounded in Hackney,
east London, on Wednesday evening, is
the Met?s 55th murder case this year.
Victim had been stabbed before, page 15
the times | Friday April 6 2018
3
2G M
News
ALAMY
Blasts from the past
6 A bonfire society last year agreed
to stop ?blacking up? in its annual
parade after claims that it was
insulting to Zulus. Members of the
Lewes Borough Bonfire Society had
painted their faces black as part of
their ?Zulu? costume for at least 70
years.
6 A re-enactment of a D-Day battle
was cancelled in 2007 after claims
that the group playing the role of
German soldiers contained Nazi
sympathisers. Members of Vent
d?Europe, who were due to
commemorate the struggle for a
German gun battery near Utah
beach in Normandy, praised the
Waffen-SS as ?steeped in a European
ideal?. Vent d?Europe denied that it
had neo-Nazi sympathies.
For Yorkshire?s
chuffin? Nazis,
ze war is over
Valentine Low
It is more than 70 years late but in a
remote corner of North Yorkshire the
war is finally over.
Every autumn for a number of years
a station on the North Yorkshire Moors
Railway has been transformed into a
German-occupied town in wartime
France. Re-enactment enthusiasts
have strutted around in Nazi uniforms,
guns on their shoulders and SS flashes
on their helmets as if D-Day had never
happened and Hitler?s dream
h was still
of a Greater Reich
alive today.
rs of
Now organisers
the Railway in
Wartime eventt
have
decided
that all those
Nazis are not
such a good
idea after all.
The transformation of the
village of Levisham into ?Le
n
Visham? has been
going on for 12
years as part of a
larger Second World
ent weekWar re-enactment
end attracting thousands of
il
hi h runs
people to the railway,
which
between Pickering and Whitby.
Passengers on steam and diesel
trains enjoy a number of different scenarios at stops along the line, including
the recreation of a wartime street at
Pickering and Home Guard demonstrations staged in Goathland. Gros-
mont, meanwhile, has had an RAF
theme, with a replica Spitfire and plotting room.
In Levisham last year there was a
Caf� du Bois and re-enactment displays, and rather more people in coalscuttle helmets than would normally be
considered healthy. Now the railway,
which is a charity, has withdrawn its
invitation to the German re-enactors
after a spate of negative publicity.
The Yorkshire Post has called the
annual event ?a weekend of pure nostalgia?. However, it has begun
to attract unwelcome
headlines
headlines. One year a
family complained
after seeing men in
SS uniforms act
ou
out the beating
up of a civilian.
L
Last year an
aarticle in The
N
Northern Echo
q
questioned the
n
need to relive
th
the war. ?We
dw
dwell too much,
in a celebratory
way, o
on the Second
World War,? it said.
A
n article on Mail Online
An
h
ighlighted the
th controversy
highlighted
of Nazi uniforms in wartime
re-enactments.
In a statement, the railway cited its
need to protect its family image, saying:
?Expectations currently reflected in
the recent Equalities Act mean that the
charity must avoid causing offence to
any section of the public.? It added:
?With this in mind, as we plan for this
6 A re-enactment in Italy this month
will recall the exploits of the WaffenSS. The event at Cologno Monzese,
near Milan, involves the
reconstruction of a German military
camp with demonstrations of first
aid, the preparation of rations and a
medal ceremony.
6 A Jewish couple, Merton and
Barbara Paul, were outraged when
they were asked to dress up as
Holocaust victims at a wartime reenactment in Bury, Greater
Manchester, in 2012.
Second World War re-enactment enthusiasts at the Railway in Wartime event,
where for 12 years the village of Levisham has been transformed into Le Visham
year?s Railway In Wartime event, we
had to consider last year?s national
media articles.?
Lee Hayward, 44, a history enthusiast and past visitor to the event, said:
?This is a disgrace. I have some photos
of the ?German occupied? Levisham a
few years back. My kids were fascinated
and educated. It was tastefully done
with dedicated, forward-thinking
people taking part. To be asked for my
papers, in German, when I got off the
train was a real palpable shock. The
German soldier shouted it at us.
?It immediately transported myself
and whole family into what it must have
been like living in occupied France and
made us grateful of the sacrifice made
for the freedoms we currently have.?
Janet Sanderson, a North Yorkshire
county councillor whose ward includes
Levisham, said: ?It began as a bit of fun
and now we have people attending who
travel from war re-enactment to war
re-enactment. To some people it could
be offensive, though it wasn?t to begin
with. You do get comments from some
such as, ?My father fought in the war,
what right does he have to wear that
uniform?? ?
The German forces have not, it must
be said, put up much resistance. The reenactors said they were very saddened
by the news that they were not wanted,
but agreed to go away and wished
everyone good luck for the future.
One re-enactor, Neil Robertson,
made clear that they did not sympathise with any Nazi cause. He said: ?The
re-enactment community and the
station volunteers are saddened by the
board?s decision but respect it.?
Golden eagle flies to rescue of falconer accused of fox hunting
Elizabeth Burden
A falconer has been cleared of breaching hunting laws because he uses an
eagle instead of dogs to catch foxes.
John Mease, 45, was also acquitted of
causing unnecessary cruelty to an
animal despite driving a knife through a
fox?s eye, known as ?dispatching?, after
it was caught by his golden eagle in
2013. Fox hunting was banned in 2004
but the law still permits dogs to ?flush
out? a fox so that it can be caught by a
bird of prey.
Peterborough magistrates? court was
told that Mr Mease, who joined the
Fitzwilliam hunt after the ban, rode up
to the fox on a quadbike to make sure
that it was killed ?humanely?. He denied hunting for sport, adding: ?I respect animals. I don?t get pleasure in
dispatching a fox.?
George Adams, 66, another member
of the Fitzwilliam hunt, was accused of
using hounds to kill a fox on January 1,
2016. Adams was convicted and fined
�000, though a spokesman for the
Countryside Alliance said that he
planned to appeal.
Adams, who joined the hunt in 1981
and became a huntsman in 1984, told
the court he had not seen the fox before
it was killed. When asked if it was his
intention to kill the fox with hounds, he
said: ?Absolutely not. We wanted to
flush it out for the bird of prey.?
District judge John Woollard said he
had heard no evidence that the hunt
had made any changes to their activities, other than using the falconer, since
the law was amended in 2005.
Joe Bird, for the prosecution, labelled
Mr Mease and his eagle a ?smokescreen? used by the hunt to allow it to
continue as it had before the ban,
though the judge said that it was clear
Mr Mease had no control over the
hounds during the hunt.
After the case Lee Mason, of the
Hunt Saboteurs Association, said: ?To
anyone who witnessed the events on
the day it was abundantly clear that a
wild mammal
was hunted and
killed illegally, in
John Mease
dispatched fox
a most gruesome manner. The loopholes and exemptions in the act have
always been cynically exploited by
hunts in order to operate much as they
would have done before
the ban. We will continue to oppose
vigorously
those who gain
enjoyment
from the torture and killing of
our wildlife. We have the overwhelming support of the general
public, who wish to see an end to the
barbaric minority pastime.?
4
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Friday April 6 2018 | the times
News
TIM IRELAND/PA
Quintagram�
No 30
Solve all five clues using each
letter underneath once only
1 Innermost part, centre (4)
----
2 Doglike African carnivore (5)
-----
3 Confuse, mix up (6)
-----4 Requiring hard graft (7)
------5 Indecipherable jargon (5,5)
---------A
A
B
B
C
D
D
D
E
E
E
H
J
L
M
M
M
M
N
O
O
O
O
R
R
S
U
U
U
U
U
Y
Solutions MindGames in Times2
Cryptic clues every day online
Ex-charity chief?s crash
War paint Thiago Soares, Royal Ballet?s Brazilian principal dancer, at The Art of Diplomacy, celebrating his country?s artistic contribution to the war effort, at its embassy
BBC flouting salary cap rules
to inflate wages for top earners
Matthew Moore Media Correspondent
More than 1,500 BBC employees,
including presenters and programme
editors, are paid more than their stated
salary bands.
Figures obtained by The Times show
that the broadcaster regularly breaks its
own pay guidelines in order to increase
the wages of high-earning staff.
Of 17,561 employees whose roles are
included within the BBC?s salary
band structure, 1,532 are paid
above the maximum for their
grade. Salary top-ups are particularly common in the highest
two grades, the figures suggest.
In grade 10, which includes many news correspondents and presenters, 424 of 1,375 staff are
paid above the ceiling.
The intended maximum
is �,000 in London
and �,000 outside.
In the highest grade, 11,
more than half of employees ? 358 from a total of
645 ? are paid above
guidelines. This grade in-
cludes commissioning editors, executive producers and heads of department
who should earn no more than �,566,
or �,615 outside London.
The figures, published in response to
a Freedom of Information request, do
not reveal how much the above-grade
salaries cost the BBC, but if those 1,532
employees earn an average of �000
more than the recommended maximum the annual bill would exceed
�5 million.
BBC staff in low and middle-ranking roles are disproportionately unlikely to be granted an above-grade
rise. Just 25 of 295 employees in grade
3 are paid above the �,000
maximum, while only 51 of
1,665 staff in grade 5 earn in excess of the �,000 limit.
The BBC is permitted to
breach its own salary
guidelines in exceptional
circumstances to retain
employees with specialist
skills but the number of
?above the ceiling? pay
agreements secured by
Lord Hall?s �0,000
salary isn?t part of the cap
Pay grades
Most BBC staff are classified within
salary grades ranging from 2-11:
2 �,247 - �,637
3 �,075 - �,928
4 �,510 - �,772
5 �,049 - �,559
6 �,229 - �,561
7 �,795 - �,202
8 �,847 - �,613
9 �,675 - �,624
10 �,112 - �,672
11 �,087 - �,566
Senior managers are classified
within separate grades.
high-earning staff will raise fears that
such deals have become routine. They
will also increase scepticism about the
robustness of the new pay framework
that the BBC is drawing up to determine the remuneration of ?on-air talent?.
Plans for the new framework were
announced by the corporation in January following a revolt by women presenters who believe they are paid less
than male colleagues. An independent
review by the accountancy group PwC
found no evidence of gender bias but
called for greater transparency in onair pay, including a new grading structure and narrower pay bands.
Yesterday the BBC said that staff paid
above the limit of the present grades
were predominantly senior specialists
who possess skills that command a
higher market premium. These staff
enable the BBC to deliver high quality
content for audiences, the corporation
claims. A BBC spokesman said: ?We are
changing our terms and conditions and
overhauling the current grading structure to address issues such as this.?
The figures for staff paid above
guidelines exclude the corporation?s
282 senior managers, as these roles do
not have a set salary range. The BBC?s
highest paid executives include Lord
Hall of Birkenhead, the director-general, on �0,000, Anne Bulford, the deputy director-general, on �5,000, and
Charlotte Moore, the director of content, who earns �5,000.
Last year the corporation was forced
to publish the names of stars paid more
than �0,000, revealing that twothirds of the biggest earners were men.
Grenfell cladding safety downgraded before fire
David Brown
The safety rating of cladding used on
Grenfell Tower had been downgraded
after it failed fire safety tests but the
building products regulator was not
informed, it was reported yesterday.
The cladding was installed during a
refurbishment of the tower two years
before the blaze, which claimed the
lives of 72 residents in London last June.
Arconic, the French manufacturer,
knew in 2014 that the tests rating for the
cladding panels had been downgraded
but the British Board of Agr閙ent
(BBA), a leading regulator of building
materials, claims it was not informed.
Arconic told the BBC it had shared
the downgraded rating with ?various
customers and certification authorities? and the test results had been published on the website of the French testing facility. The BBA had given the
Reynobond PE panels a ?B? rating ?
the second best ? in 2008 for ?reaction
to fire?, which some in the construction
industry believed meant it was safe to
use on tower blocks. Further tests ordered by Arconic in preparation for the
Grenfell refurbishment resulted in a
lower classification of C or E for different types of panel, the BBC reported.
An Arconic brochure from 2016 described the cladding as suitable for
buildings up to ten metres in height.
Grenfell Tower was 67 metres tall.
The former chief executive of a
drug addiction charity who took
cocaine before crashing his Alfa
Romeo into a biker at at least
72mph has been jailed for two
years. Stephen Cooke, 57, of
Nailsworth, Gloucestershire, who
led the Nelson Trust until 2013,
hit Matthew Pierce on the A46
south of nearby Calcot last June.
He pleaded guilty at Gloucester
crown court to causing serious
injury by dangerous driving. The
court was told that Mr Pierce, an
engineer, has had to give up work.
Body found on beach
A murder investigation has
begun after a body was washed
up on an East Sussex beach.
The white man was found at St
Leonards-on-Sea with an injury
to his neck that according to
unconfirmed reports was a cut.
He is believed to have been in his
sixties, of slim build with grey
receding hair. He was wearing
blue jeans and work-style boots.
Jersey royals delayed
The Jersey royal season is at least
three weeks late this year after
the Beast from the East delayed
the planting of crops. The potato?s
seasonal window, usually from
April to mid-July, is behind
schedule after frosts and rain.
Producers say export volumes
from Jersey to the UK could be
up to 20 per cent lower, with full
volumes expected by mid-May.
?Killer? blames his lover
The two alleged murderers of the
French nanny Sophie Lionnet
have blamed each other. Ouissem
Medouni, 40, who the Old Bailey
was told admitted ?accidentally?
killing Ms Lionnet, now claims
that he was asleep when his lover,
Sabrina Kouider, 35, killed her at
their flat in southwest London.
She claims it was vice versa. Both
deny murder. The trial continues.
Double robot surgery
A cancer patient is recovering
after two parts of her body were
operated on at the same time in a
rare procedure using a robot.
Christine Lockton, 63, from
Croydon, south London, had a
hysterectomy and part of her
colon removed at the same time
by a dual controlled robot in a
first for London?s Royal Marsden
Hospital. She was later discharged.
the times | Friday April 6 2018
2G M
5
RM
News
Doctor with stash of guns
and NHS ?kill list? is jailed
Jeremy Watson
A disgraced NHS consultant caught
with a stash of firearms in a plot to kill
medical staff who disciplined him at his
old former hospital has been jailed for
12 years.
The Lanarkshire home of Martin
Watt, 62, was raided after a tip-off to
police who found sub-machineguns,
pistols, bullets and
an ?assassination
list?. The High Court
in Glasgow heard
that Watt used the
machineguns for target practice to make
himself a better
marksman.
The search also uncovered a list of names
and addresses of those
who had been involved
in a disciplinary process that had led to
Watt being sacked from
his position as an A&E
consultant at Monklands Hospital in Airdrie. The list was entitled
?bad guys?.
A serious crime prevention order was
also imposed by the judge banning
Watt from owning firearms and restricting his ability to enter NHS facilities or use delivery services for five
years after he is released from jail.
The former accident and emergency
consultant was convicted of having the
weapons with intent to endanger
life.
The judge, Lady Stacey, said:
?These are lethal weapons. Not
only did you have the guns, you
had live ammunition. The
weapons were all in working
order because you reactivated
them. You had them with intent
to endanger life and any court
must take a very serious view of this.
You represent a
danger to members
of
the
public. You had researched routes to
some addresses. You told the jury you
practised shooting to make yourself a
better marksman.
?The jury did not accept your assertion you intended to do no harm and
that you wrote things out and did research on the internet as a way to make
yourself feel better. It is sad to see a man
who has held the posit
tion
you have in this situ
uation,
but I must prot the public.?
tect
His defence lawyer,
J
John
Scott, said Watt
aadmitted having the
g
guns
in his possession,
b
but
denied having
tthem as part of a plan
tto endanger life.
?This is clearly a
m
most unusual case
aand Dr Watt is an
u
unusual person to be
ssitting in the dock at
tthe High Court,? he
ssaid. ?He is a mediccal man with over
330 years of significant pu
public service in the
NH
NHS. He is an intelligent man who has
made a positive contribution to
society.?
Police found three Skorpion sub-machineguns, two Valtro pistols and bullets including 57 dum-dum bullets
when they searched his home in Condorrat, North Lanarkshire, last May.
The court heard that Watt bought
decommissioned weapons legally
from the Czech Republic and
put them back into working
order in his workshop. They
also uncovered the ?bad guys?
list, along with information on
individuals? addresses and car
registrations. The ?template?
for the attacks was based on a
film about a group of mercenaries, Killer Elite, starring Robert
De Niro.
Watt also carried out
target practice with a
Skorpion sub-machi-
Made of Monet? Gallery
charges record � a ticket
Jack Malvern
The director of the National Gallery
has defended charging record admission prices for its exhibition of Claude
Monet paintings as the institution
raised the cost of a ticket beyond � for
the first time in its history.
Gabriele Finaldi, who became the
director in August 2015, admitted that
London exhibitions ?have become quite
expensive? but blamed this on the costs
involved in staging large-scale shows.
Asked whether the gallery could
have used its reserves to put on the
exhibition without a charge, he
responded: ?We couldn?t have put it on
for free, because that?s not the way we
operate. There are other exhibitions we
put on for free.?
Monet & Architecture will cost � on
weekdays and � on weekends. The
gallery?s decision came shortly after the
Tate opened its first exhibition with
tickets over the � mark. Picasso 1932 ?
Love, Fame, Tragedy at the Tate Modern
is � for adults on any day of the week.
The higher charge is now becoming
standard after the Victoria & Albert
Museum charged � for its exhibition
Pink Floyd: Their Mortal Remains. The
price did not put visitors off: the
museum was able to charge � on
weekends and for its extended opening
it raised the top price to �.
However, the Royal Academy
charges � (with an optional �on top
as gift aid), Tate Liverpool charges
�.70, the British Museum charges no
more than � and the Scottish
National Gallery will charge �.50 for
its exhibition Rembrandt: Britain?s
Discovery of the Master.
Finaldi said that it had offered ?early
bird tickets? at reduced prices before
the exhibition opened and argued that
it was worth the money.
?There?s a good number of paintings
which have not been seen in public
before,? he told the Today programme
on BBC Radio 4. ?Those are the
pictures that are more difficult, sometimes impossible for the public to see.
To have brought those in and to be able
to show those in this exhibition I think
is very attractive for the public.?
Richard Thomson, the curator of the
exhibition which runs from April 9 to
July 29, said that it was worth the
money as the paintings ?bring joy?.
negun in woods near his home. Nicky
Patrick, procurator fiscal for homicide
and major crime, said: ?Martin Watt
put together the collection of guns for a
particular purpose which would have
had extreme consequences had he
been able to carry out his intentions. It
was clear from the case presented in
court that he had gone beyond simply
thinking about his actions and there
was a clear plan in place to carry out a
dreadful event.?
CROWN OFFICE/PA
Guns and a list of ?bad guys?, left, were found at the home of Martin Watt, below
6
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Friday April 6 2018 | the times
News
Philip May emails
Tory volunteers
Lucy Fisher
Senior Political Correspondent
He is often seen in the background accompanying the prime minister to official events or to church on a Sunday but
yesterday Philip May came to the fore.
The financier, who met his wife at a
Conservative Association disco at Oxford University, called on volunteers to
join the Tories? phonebank initiative
before local elections on May 3.
In an email to the party?s supporters
list, he urged backers to join his ?calling
community? to canvass support. Tory
sources expect the party to do poorly in
the mainly metropolitan centres where
council seats are up for election in this
cycle.
Some grassroots Tories approved of
the stunt, saying Mr May was popular
with activists. However, Conservative
Campaign Headquarters? reliance on
Theresa May?s husband is likely to raise
questions about how engaging it believes senior elected figures to be.
Mr May?s email said: ?I?ve been on
the phone to voters every week. Making the case for Conservatives across
the country. Visiting different phonebanks. And with local elections coming
up on 3 May, I need your help.?
It went on: ?You can get involved in a
way that suits you. Whether it?s making
calls from your own home. Or whether
it?s taking the lead and hosting a phonebank. It?s up to you.?
A page on the Tories? website pro-
INSTAGRAM
Tax cuts today
for millions
of workers
moting his calling community listed
four roles: caller, home call centre host,
constituency calling captain and county co-ordinator. In a video on the page,
Mr May said: ?I?m really enthusiastic
about this calling, I think it?s hugely
powerful, and Theresa is incredibly
grateful for all the work and support.?
Stephen Canning, a Tory councillor
in Braintree, Essex, tweeted: ?I always
thought it must be a bit odd to get the
PM?s husband on the phone to you asking what you think of her . . .?
Matthew McGregor, a digital strategist who worked on Labour?s 2015 general election campaign, said: ?Nothing
wrong with the campaigning, but the
email is weirdly extremely bland and
formulaic.?
Mr May, 60, an investment relationship manager, may have played it safe
after coming in for criticism before the
general election last year when he and
his wife talked about ?boy jobs and girl
jobs? in a televised interview. He said he
did ?the traditional boy jobs, by and
large?, including taking out the bins.
He is not the first spouse of a leader to
contact party supporters directly. Two
days before the general election in 2015
Samantha Cameron emailed Tory activists to thank them for their help. She
urged them to ?do all you can? before
polls closed, adding: ?There is so much
at stake.? Asking them to share a graphic
featuring David Cameron at a rally, she
said: ?See if you spot me in the crowd!?
Philip Collins, page 25
Henry Zeffman Political Reporter
Nicola Woolcock
Party time Liz Hurley celebrated her son Damian?s 16th birthday earlier this week
Millions will have their income tax cut
under government changes that come
into effect today.
The tax-free personal allowance is
rising from �,500 to �,850, meaning
that a typical basic-rate taxpayer will be
about � richer a year. It is one of the
many previously announced changes
that take effect today.
The national living wage is increasing by 4.4 per cent from �50 an hour to
�83 an hour. For those aged below 25
they will still be paid the national minimum wage. Fuel duty remains frozen
for the eighth year at 57.95 pence a litre
after a successful campaign by backbench Conservatives, while the state
pension is rising by 3 per cent, meaning
an increase of �65 a week.
Thousands of young graduates will
have their student loan repayments
suspended today when they fall below a
new earning threshold. The income
threshold for graduates paying back
loans will rise from �,000 to �,000,
meaning that many will stop repayments, while others will pay less.
Labour pledged to scrap tuition fees
in the general election and Tory MPs
have since been preoccupied by trying
to win more votes from young people.
Sam Gyimah, the universities minister, told The Times that the changes
would affect ?about 600,000 graduates
and this will grow to millions?.
the times | Friday April 6 2018
7
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News
Yulia Skripal: thank you Salisbury
YUI MOK/PA
Tom Parfitt Moscow
Catherine Philp, Deborah Haynes
Fiona Hamilton
The daughter of the former Russian spy
Sergei Skripal said yesterday that her
strength was ?growing daily? after the
nerve agent attack and she expected to
be released from hospital soon.
Yulia Skripal described the poisoning
as ?somewhat disorientating? and
thanked the people in Salisbury who
came to her aid, in an official statement
released by the Metropolitan Police.
Officials were scrambling last night
to determine the authenticity of a
separate phone call, played on Russian
state television, in which Ms Skripal, 33,
was said to have told her cousin that her
father was sleeping and ?nobody has
anything irreparable?.
The NHS has said that Mr Skripal?s
condition is critical but stable and there
had been fears he would not survive.
Sources indicated that he was still in a
very poor condition and that the
veracity of the phone call needed to be
established by the British authorities.
Mr Skripal, 66, a former Russian military intelligence officer and MI6 double agent, and his daughter were taken
to hospital in a critical condition after
being poisoned on March 4 in Salisbury
with a nerve agent that the British
government says was made in a lab in
Shikhany, Russia. They were found collapsed on a park bench and an off-duty
doctor gave Ms Skripal first aid.
In the statement, Ms Skripal expressed thanks for messages of
goodwill. ?I woke up over a
week ago now and am glad to
say my strength is growing
daily,? she said. ?I have many
people to thank for my recovery and would especially like
to mention the people of Salisbury that came to my aid when
my father and I were incapacitated. Further than that, I would
like to thank the staff at Salisbury
District Hospital for their care and
professionalism. I am sure you
appreciate the entire episode is
somewhat disorientating.?
Her statement was released shortly after her
cousin in Russia, Viktoria
Skripal, revealed that her
relative had telephoned
her that morning and told
her she was recovering. According to a recording of
the call, which was played
on state television, Yulia
Analysis
A
Alexander Yakovenko denies knowledge of the poison ? said to be from Shikhany, below ? used on Yulia Skripal
told her cousin ?everything is OK? and
added: ?Everything
is solvable, everyone
is getting better,
everyone?s alive.?
In the call, which the
presenters of the programme said they had
not been able to verify,
the woman described
as Yulia said she expected to be discharged soon. Apparently speaking about
her father, she said:
?Everything is OK.
He is resting now,
sleeping. Everyone?s
health is OK. No-
body has anything irreparable.? Viktoria
Skripal, 45, told The Times: ?Yes I
spoke to her. Her voice sounded normal. She seemss to
think I won?t get a visa to
travel. I am still waitingg
to hear from the British embassy.?
A
Whitehall
source said that Ms
Skripal might not
have a close relationship with her cousin
and different memberss
re
of the wider family were
not thought to see each
other often. Russia has demanded access to the Skripals. The
Foreign Office said: ?We have conveyed to Ms Skripal the Russian embas-
Caf閟, schools . . . and a nerve agent lab
Tom Parfitt Moscow
The laboratory where the novichok
nerve agent was created in the late
Soviet period is situated in Shikhany, a
small town on the Volga river 500 miles
southeast of Moscow
The facility still operates as a branch
of the State Scientific Research Institute of Organic Chemistry and Technology, known by its tortuous acronym
Gosniiokht.
Russia does not deny the existence of
the site but nobody can visit Shikhany-2, the closed military part of the
town, without a permit. In addition to
the chemical facility, Shikhany-2 has
caf閟, groceries, hospitals and schools.
Hamish de Bretton-Gordon, a
former commander of the UK Joint
Chemical, Biological, Radiological and
Nuclear Regiment, now disbanded, and
its Nato equivalent, said Shikhany was
the sole location for development and
production of novichok, rather than
other institutes that have been suggest-
ed in Ukraine and Uzbekistan. The
work on novichok at the Shikhany lab
was exposed in the early 1990s by Vil
Mirzayanov, a chemist who was subsequently tried in Russia for revealing
state secrets and then released, before
moving to the United States.
In State Secrets: An Insider?s Chronicle
of the Russian Chemical Weapons Programme, Mr Mirzayanov wrote that a
new class of nerve agents that later became known as novichok, meaning
newcomer, was developed between
1971 and 1973 at Shikhany. Their toxicity was found to be up to eight times
higher than existing agents.
The Russian government denies any
involvement in the poisoning of Sergei
and Yulia Skripal and claims that the
Soviet Union, and then Russia, never
had a programme to develop a nerve
agent called novichok. That appears to
be a deception with terminology.
Vladimir Uglev, a scientist who
worked with Petr Kirpichev on the substance allegedly used on the Skripals,
told reporters last month that between
1972 and 1988 he helped to produce four
nerve agents at Shikhany under the
name Foliant, which, he said, ?fall
under the group referred to as novichok?. The programme was ordered by
the Soviet defence ministry, he said.
?Doses generally ranged from 20
grams to several kilos,? Mr Uglev said.
He believes that by analysing the remains of chemical agents in the blood
of the Skripals it would be possible to
determine ?where the specific dose was
produced and by whom?.
Foreigners were allowed to visit Shikhany for the first time in 1987 during
negotiations over disarmament. Officers were shown a range of chemical
munitions and a rabbit was injected
with sarin from a bomb to prove it was
real ? the rabbit died almost instantly
? before the weapon was destroyed.
Novichok was not declared but Mr
Mirzayanov alleges that secret work
continued on nerve agents after the
Soviet collapse in 1991.
sy?s offer of consular assistance. Ms
Skripal is now able to choose if
and when to take up this offer, but to date she has not
done so.?
R
Russia?s
ambassado to London, Alexdor
an
ander
Yakovenko,
s Viktoria Skripal
said
h
had
been offered
a
accommodation
at
th embassy.
the
6 Sergei Skripal?s cat
was severely malnourished and had to be put
b scientists at Pordown by
ton Down
Down. Nash Van Drake, a
w incinerated to
black Persian, was
avoid any risk of contamination. Mr
Skripal?s two guinea pigs died of thirst.
s Yulia Skripal
recovers from the
attack and the
prospect of her leaving
hospital becomes a
reality, the information war
between Russia and Britain is
intensifying (Tom Parfitt writes).
This week Viktoria Skripal, 45,
Yulia?s cousin, gave a flurry of
television interviews in Russia
after being almost invisible since
the poisoning. She is focused on
getting a visa so she can travel to
London and, if her cousin is well,
return her ?to the motherland?.
Few would doubt her desire to
see her cousin, but her wish plays
into Russia?s demand that its
diplomats be allowed to see Yulia.
The centrepiece of Viktoria?s
appearance on 60 Minutes was a
recording of a call she said she
received from Yulia yesterday.
Viewers heard Viktoria reacting
with surprise to the call. Cynics
might wonder how Viktoria had
a full tape of a call she did not
expect; she told The Times she
has recorded every call since an
unspecified incident before the
poisonings. Another explanation
might be that the call was
arranged to suit Moscow.
Some Russians expressed
doubts about Yulia?s statement
published yesterday through the
police. ?Russians simply don?t
talk this way, esp with regards to
?respecting privacy?,? tweeted
Oksana Boyko of RT, the
Russian state-funded TV station.
?The word ?privacy? doesn?t even
translate into Russian.?
There is little doubt that Russia
is winning the information war
on its own turf. Yesterday, the
Levada polling agency published
a survey that found 72 per cent of
the public considered the West?s
accusation over the poisoning
unjustified. A popular theory is
that Britain orchestrated the
?provocation? to blacken the
Kremlin. As the scholar Lynn
Ellen Patyk has pointed out,
?provokatsiya? means something
different to the West than it does
in Russia. The Russian version is
closer to an act of terrorism that
can be blamed on an enemy.
UN clash with Russia
Continued from page 1
critical but stable. Russia repeated a
demand yesterday that it be given
consular access to the Skripals.
Britain is understood to be anxious
not to reveal its sources over the briefing but intelligence services are growing frustrated at Russia?s upper hand in
the propaganda war. They have lobbied
Downing Street to release more of the
intelligence that helped to convince
allies of Moscow?s guilt. Whitehall
sources said that the intelligence sharing with allies had been unprecedented.
Alexander Yakovenko, the Russian
ambassador to London, insisted yesterday that his country had never developed the novichok agent. ?This is a
creation of some other countries and
some scientists,? he said.
In a 90-minute press conference he
veered from sarcasm to giggles to praise
for the embassy?s notorious Twitter
feed. One journalist took Mr Yakovenko to task, saying: ?You keep smiling
and joking. That suggests you are not
taking this seriously.? ?That?s just my
style,? Mr Yakovenko retorted. ?Don?t
read too much into it. Russia is taking
this very seriously.?
Britain and Russia clashed at the UN
last night after Moscow called an emergency session of the security council.
Vassily Nebenzia, the Russian ambassador to the UN, said: ?We have told our
British colleagues that you?re playing
with fire and you?ll be sorry.? He
demanded that Britain produce further
evidence of his country?s involvement.
Karen Pierce, the British ambassador
to the UN, said that Russia was like ?an
arsonist turned firefighter but in this
particular instance the arsonist wants
to investigate his own fire?.
She told Mr Nebenzia that when Britain said it was ?highly likely? that Russia
carried out the attack ?it is a reflection
of our judicial process and should not
cast doubt on our certainty?. ?We do not
have anything to hide but we fear
Russia has something to fear,? she said.
Leading article, page 29
8
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Friday April 6 2018 | the times
News
OWEN HUMPHREYS/PA
Selfridges bans
fizzy drinks in
plastic bottles
Ben Webster Environment Editor
Bird?s eye view RSPB wardens who live on Coquet island, off Amble, Northumberland, enjoyed a stunning sunrise yesterday
Plastic fizzy drinks bottles have been
removed from sale by a leading department store as part of a campaign to
reduce ocean pollution.
Selfridges switched all carbonated
drinks to cans and glass bottles at its
stores in London, Birmingham and
Manchester this week. Last year it sold
half a million drinks in plastic bottles.
The retailer, the first to make such a
move, said that it wanted ?to inspire the
whole of the UK to follow suit?.
In 2015 Selfridges became one of the
first to stop selling water in plastic bottles ? an action later adopted by
several other organisations, including
London Zoo and the Natural History
Museum.
Plastic bottles make up a third of all
plastic pollution in the sea and 700,000
are dropped as litter every day. A survey
of litter on the seabed around the UK
revealed that the number of plastic bags
found had more than halved since 2010,
probably because of the 5p charge, but
there had been no reduction in the
number of plastic bottles.
Alannah Weston, the deputy chairwoman of Selfridges Group, said: ?We
are seeing a huge shift in people?s attitudes to single-use plastic water bottles,
and now to carbonated drinks. As a city,
we still have a long way to go but we can
encourage environmentally conscious
behaviour from individuals, manufacturers and retailers. At Selfridges we
want to continue to support that
change and give our customers the
choice to buy better.?
Selfridges said that it would continue
to sell juices in plastic bottles but that
sales of these were of a ?very small
volume in comparison? with carbonated drinks.
Heather Koldewey, the head of
marine conservation at the Zoological
Society of London, which runs London
Zoo, welcomed the decision.
?With the River Thames running
through its heart, London is a coastal
city and we are connected to the rest of
the world through the ocean,? she said.
?As a vibrant and innovative capital, we
have an amazing opportunity to be
global leaders in the fight against plastic
pollution, starting by removing the
millions of single-use plastic bottles
that litter our city and devastate the
ocean. We hope many other retailers
will follow Selfridges? lead.?
John Sauven, the executive director
of Greenpeace UK, said: ?One of the
world?s best-known retailers is sending
a clear message to major drinks manufacturers that they need to reduce their
use of plastic bottles.?
The National Trust said yesterday
that it would phase out sales of singleuse plastic, including bottles, at its 500
properties by 2022. It said that it would
switch from plastic to glass bottles at all
its sit-down caf閟 by the end of this year.
Glastonbury festival has pledged to
implement a site-wide ban on plastic
bottles when it returns next year.
Last month the government
announced plans for a refundable
deposit scheme for drinks cans and
bottles to tackle litter and boost recycling. It will hold a consultation this
year on the design of the scheme,
including the cost of the deposits.
Suck it and see: vacuum
waste is coming to UK
Mark Bridge Technology Correspondent
One of the largest pneumatic wastecollection systems in the world will do
away with wheelie bins and dustcarts at
more than 11,000 homes and offices.
Waste will be dropped into chutes
and carried to a processing centre in
underground vacuum tubes at speeds
of up to 44mph.
The system is being installed at the
420-acre Barking Riverside scheme in
east London and is intended to pioneer
Scandinavian energy-saving technology in the UK. It will replace 19,000
bins with 460 ?waste outlets?.
Envac, the Swedish company behind
the technology, claims to reduce waste
collection vehicle movements and the
associated carbon emissions by up to 90
per cent. The scheme has the backing of
Barking and Dagenham council and
the Greater London Authority.
Matt Carpen, project director at
Barking Riverside, said: ?Lots of people
have had real problems with wheelie
bins and rubbish collection. There are
environmental benefits, but we believe
people will want this for wider lifestyle
reasons.
?You have to treat your waste a bit differently. The bags are smaller than
standard rubbish bags, which means
people tend to take a small bag of rubbish out every day.?
He added: ?It?s new technology to the
UK but it?s been around for 60 years
How it works
Flats
1 Rubbish
bag
placed in
bin chute
2 Bag travels
through
vacuum-sealed
tube
Vacuum
tubes
3 Arrives at onsite
centre to be
separated and
processed
Processing
site
and when you visit systems in other
countries that are 30 years old, you find
that they?re still in good order.?
The Barking system, which will begin
operating next spring, will take and separate bags of recyclables and general
waste. It could be updated to take food
waste but the developers are considering a separate scheme to collect food
waste for composting. There will be a
centre at the plant where visitors interested in environmental technology can
observe the system in action.
The technology was developed in
Sweden in the 1950s, where it was inspired by hospitals? in-house waste systems. It is already common in some
countries and is used on a large scale in
the city of Bergen, in Norway.
the times | Friday April 6 2018
9
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News
MARK METCALFE/GETTY IMAGES
Darts star
Eric Bristow
dead aged 60
Elizabeth Burden
Eric Bristow, the former world darts
champion, has died at the age of 60
after a heart attack.
The ?Crafty Cockney? won the world
title five times between 1980 and 1986;
he won five world masters titles and was
one of the founder players when the
Professional Darts Corporation (PDC)
was formed in 1993.
He played a big role in popularising
the sport during its early ?beer and cigarette? days on television. In 1989 he
was awarded an MBE for services to
sport, and continued to be an important personality in darts.
The PDC described him as ?arguably
darts?s first superstar?. He died after
collapsing at the Echo Arena in Liverpool, where he was attending a Premier
League fixture. After the news broke,
Charles puts a lid on
lavatory seat rumour
T
he Prince of Wales
responded to a
claim that he takes
his own lavatory
seat on overseas
trips, saying: ?Don?t believe
all that crap? (Bernard
Lagan writes).
The prince, who is in
Gold Coast, Australia, for
the Commonwealth Games,
was asked by a radio crew
about the rumour after
claims about his lifestyle in
the new biography Rebel
Prince by Tom Bower. The
Duchess of Cornwall added:
?Don?t you believe that.?
Games organisers
insisted that the duchess
had not been bored by the
three-hour opening
ceremony. They were
responding to reports in the
press that she had
sometimes appeared listless
and bemused during the
event. At one point she was
filmed seemingly distracted
and thumbing through a
programme during a speech
by Peter Beattie, chairman
of the organising
committee.
Louise Martin, president
of the Commonwealth
Games Federation, said that
the duchess was
jet lagged after the flight to
Australia but had ?really
enjoyed herself ?.
Sport, pages 60-72
Eric Bristow died
after collapsing
at the Echo Arena
in Liverpool
The duchess takes off her shoes at the beach. Charles, above left, with the swimmer Samantha Riley
Academics stride into battle to halt
march of the Korean killer robots
Tom Whipple Science Editor
In the future, autonomous swarms of
killer robots will lay waste to the battlefield, relentlessly and remorselessly
hunting the enemy until it is dead. In
the face of such cold metallic death,
human resistance is surely futile.
Or is it?
It seems there is one counterattack
that can be deployed to stop the Terminator after all: a strongly worded open
letter by academics.
A team of artificial intelligence experts from across the world has called
for a boycott of a South Korean university that was understood to be researching autonomous military robots.
The Korea Times reported that the
Korea Advanced Institute of
Science and Technology (Kaist)
would be collaborating with a defence contractor to design AI
weapons, including unmanned
submarines and armed quadcopters. This led to an open letter
signed by 50 academics, including four from the UK,
stating that they would
cease all collaboration
with the university.
?If developed, autonomous weapons will be
the third revolution
in warfare,? they said.
?They will permit
war to be fought
Experts fear AI won?t
follow human rules,
as in the film iRobot
Weaponising intelligence
Militaries have been
moving towards
autonomous systems
since at least the
Second World War,
when the Norden
bombsight could take
control of Allied
bombers approaching a
target and fly them to
the optimal position
using a computer.
BF Skinner, the animal
behaviourist, advocated
removing humans from
targeting long before
modern systems, with
the use of a bomb
with a pigeon in its
nose cone.
Truly autonomous
weapons are sometimes
referred to as the third
revolution of war, after
gunpowder and nuclear.
Part of their appeal is
that they could render
conventional systems
redundant. The US
defence department
is developing
autonomous drone
swarms and a Harvard
report last year noted
that drones were
already cheaper than
many munitions.
?Imagine a low-cost
drone with the range
of a Canada goose, a
faster and at a scale greater than
ever before. They have the
potential to be weapons of
terror. Despots and terrorists could use them
against innocent populations, removing any
ethical restraints.
?This Pandora?s box
will be hard to close if
it is opened. As with
other technologies
banned in the past,
like blinding lasers,
we can simply decide
not to develop them.?
bird which can cover
1,500 miles in under 24
hours at an average
speed of 60 miles per
hour,? it said. ?How
would an aircraft carrier
battlegroup respond to
an attack from millions
of aerial kamikaze
explosive drones??
Autonomous
weapons would also
free manpower. Small,
technologically
advanced countries
could upend a global
order where the nations
that can field the largest
army have an inbuilt
advantage.
Noel Sharkey, of the University of
Sheffield, was one of the signatories. He
said that the experts were concerned
because this was the first time that a
civilian institution appeared to have
become involved in developing autonomous weapons. ?This is a warning shot
from a large part of the academic community that we will not work with
them.?
The warning shot appeared to have
been understood. Shin Sung-chul,
president of Kaist, sent Professor
Sharkey a letter yesterday saying:
?Kaist will not conduct any research
activities counter to human dignity
including autonomous weapons lacking meaningful human control.?
Professor Starkey said that this was
probably at best a temporary setback
for the killer robots. The US, China and
Russia are all known to be working on
them, and he is calling for a global ban
agreed in the United Nations. He became involved in the campaign a
decade ago after reading US military
documents detailing their robot plans.
?As a robotics professor, I thought these
guys were crazy, it was a science fiction
vision of technology.
?These weapons are being developed
in a rush. The US has autonomous
fighter jets, Russia has autonomous
tanks. But what happens when a swarm
of one person?s tanks meets another?
It?s not predictable. We have no way of
telling how these devices will interact
with each other.?
More than that, Professor Starkey
believes it is impossible to guarantee
that a robot will follow the rules of war.
?You can program a robot, but not for
unanticipated circumstances. There
are lots of unanticipated circumstances
in warfare. It takes human intuition.?
He gave one recent example: ?There
was a situation where US Marines in
Iraq trapped a group of insurgents in an
alleyway and had their machineguns
raised to kill, but they noticed they were
carrying a coffin. You kill a bunch of
insurgents taking a coffin to a funeral,
you create a whole lot of grief. Their response was to take off their helmets,
bow their heads and let them go. A
robot would have just killed them all.?
Google workers? drone protest, page 30
fans at the arena sang: ?There?s only
one Eric Bristow.?
Barry Hearn, chairman of the PDC,
said: ?Eric will always be a legend in the
world of darts and British sport. He was
a tremendous player and a huge character.?
Bristow was born in east London in
1957. He later relocated to the midlands
where he mentored Phil ?The Power?
Taylor, who would become a 16-time
world champion himself.
Bristow appeared on I?m a Celebrity . . .
Get Me Out Of Here! in 2012 and moved
into broadcasting with Sky Sports, but
lost his commentating role in 2016 after
posting tweets suggesting that victims
of the football sexual abuse scandal
were not ?proper men?. He later apologised for the comments.
Student found
hanged had
taken Xanax
Fariha Karim
A coroner has warned of the ?pernicious influence? of a tranquilliser used
by teenagers after a student who took it
flew into a rage and hanged herself.
The body of Georgia Jackson, 21, an
accounting and finance student at the
University of Brighton, was found by
friends at her shared home on December 5. An inquest was told that she had
taken a Xanax tablet two days before,
which had sent her into an out-ofcharacter rage. Friends said that Ms
Jackson had also taken ketamine.
Xanax is only available on a private
prescription in the UK. Ministers have
been urged to widen a review into
prescription drug dependence to include teenage use of Xanax, amid growing evidence it is being bought online.
The inquest in Brighton was told that
Ms Jackson was the ?life of the party?,
but the woman she became in the hours
before her death was not the one
friends knew. Veronica HamiltonDeeley, the coroner, concluded that the
cause of Ms Jackson?s death was
cardiorespiratory failure brought on by
hanging, with the presence of Xanax
and ketamine contributory factors.
the times | Friday April 6 2018
11
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News
British snowboarder suffocates in freak Alps accident
Ben Clatworthy
A British snowboarder was killed in a
freak accident when he became stuck
head first in the snow in the French
Alps yesterday.
The 25-year-old, who has not been
named, was off-piste during heavy
snow in M閞ibel at the time. According
to local police, he was in the Les Allues
area of the resort when he fell head first
and suffocated. A mountain rescue
helicopter was scrambled from
neighbouring Courchevel just before
2pm, but despite multiple attempts at
resuscitation he was pronounced dead
at the scene.
Asphyxiation is the most common
cause of death if a person is caught in an
avalanche. The risk level was set at
three out of five, said to be ?considerable?, at the time of the accident, but
early indications do not suggest he was
caught in a snowslide. An investigation
has been opened by the public prosecutor?s office in nearby Albertville.
According to the local newspaper Le
Dauphin� Lib閞�, the young man was
spending the winter working as a seasonaire, such as a chalet worker, in M閞ibel. There are only two weeks of the
season left before the slopes in M閞ibel
and Courchevel close for the summer.
The accident happened at the same resort where Michael Schumacher, the
Formula One driver, suffered a brain
injury in December 2013.
More than 30 people have been killed
in avalanches in the French Alps this
winter. This week M閠閛-France, the
French national weather agency, urged
skiers to stay on piste because of the
high risk of snowslides after heavy
snowfalls and strong winds. In Februa-
ry, Jordan Waugh, 23, a seasonaire
working for Vip Ski, a specialist chalet
company, was killed falling 200m off a
cliff in Oz en Oisans.
In January, Owen Lewis, 22, froze to
death in Risoul after becoming lost on a
night out. Another Briton, John
Bromell, 39, is missing, presumed dead
in Tignes. He disappeared in January
and was last seen boarding a chairlift
alone during heavy snow.
ALAMY
BBC iin climbdown
after colossal error
T
he distinctive
peaks known as
the Tre Cime di
Lavaredo are
the global
symbol of Italy?s
Dolomites mountain
range, recognised
around the world.
Except, it seems, within
the BBC (Matthew
Moore writes).
The BBC has admitted
to a ?terrible mistake?
in a documentary series
after footage of the
Italian mountains was
included in a segment
about yak herding in the
Himalayas. The clip was
in the first episode of
Earth?s Natural Wonders,
which was shown on
BBC One in February. It
focused on Nepalese
herders as they guided
their yaks down a gorge.
A viewer familiar with
the Dolomites in the
southern Alps noticed
the European backdrop
and complained to the
BBC, which edited the
footage out of the
iPlayer version.
The BBC also
admitted this week that
a scene in its 2011 series,
The BBC wrongly showed footage, left, of the Tre Cime di Lavaredo in Italy during a documentary segment about yak herders in the Himalayas
Human Planet, which
showed a treehouse
construction involving
the Korowai tribe in
Papua New Guinea, was
inaccurate.
The BBC said that the
latest mistake was the
result of human error.
Tapes of the mountain
ranges had been
mislabelled, it said,
resulting in the wrong
footage being included.
A BBC spokeswoman
added: ?When pointed
out by a viewer, the
error was immediately
rectified, and the
correct version replaced
on iPlayer. This was a
genuine mistake
which we corrected
at the earliest
opportunity.?
The viewer who made
the complaint was John
Driskell, 74, from
Sheffield. He told The
Times that any climber
would recognise the
scene as being the
Dolomites. The Tre
Cime di Lavaredo is
a popular area for
hikers.
?I am beginning to
lose faith in our much
valued BBC,? he added.
Stabbed intruder was a wanted man
Katie Gibbons, Harry Holmes
An intruder who was stabbed to death
by a 78-year-old householder was being
sought by police for allegedly targeting
another pensioner.
Henry Vincent, 37, died from a
wound to the chest inflicted with a
screwdriver after he and an accomplice
allegedly broke into a house in Hither
Green, southeast London, in the early
hours of Tuesday.
Richard
Osborn-Brooks
was
arrested on suspicion of murder after
officers were called to the home he
shares with his wife, Maureen, 76. He
has been released on bail.
Vincent, from Orpington, southeast
London, was wanted in relation to a
burglary in Farningham, Kent, last
November, at the home of a man in his
seventies. The pensioner reported that
several items were stolen after a woman
distracted him by claiming that she had
been assaulted. She was later picked up
in a white van.
Vincent, his father and five uncles
were jailed by Croydon crown court in
2003 for conning pensioners out of
�8,180 in Kent and London. Known
Q& A
Richard Osborn-Brooks, 78, is facing
a possible murder charge after the
death at his home of Henry Vincent, 37
as cowboy builders, they would knock
on doors and offer to fix problems for
extortionate fees. Vincent was jailed for
four and a half years.
In 2013 Vincent, who is thought to
have been from the Traveller community, was put on Kent police?s ?most
wanted? list in relation to a burglary in
Gravesend.
Mr Osborn-Brooks was said to have
been forced into his kitchen by Vincent,
who was armed with a screwdriver. A
struggle took place while the second
man went upstairs, according to police.
Vincent was stabbed in the chest then
stumbled out of the house and col-
What rules apply to
defending your home?
According to Crown
Prosecution Service
guidelines homeowners
can use reasonable
force to protect
themselves from
intruders. They can
use an object as a
weapon and tackle
intruders to stop them
getting away.
What is considered
reasonable force?
The test of reasonable
force is that the
homeowner did what
they honestly thought
was necessary at the
time. They could be
prosecuted if they carry
on attacking the
intruder even though
they are no longer in
danger.
lapsed in the street. Paramedics attended but he was pronounced dead at a
central London hospital shortly after
3.30am.
Naming Vincent yesterday, police
appealed for information on the second
man, who is still at large, having driven
away in a white van.
Mr Osborn-Brooks, a retired RAC
worker, cares for his wife who, according to neighbours, suffers from demen-
What happens if the
intruder dies?
Homeowners can
expect to be arrested
while an investigation
takes place.
What happens now?
Police will seek
to establish
whether Richard
Osborn-Brooks?s use of
force was necessary
and whether he
honestly believed that
he was in danger.
tia. The case has prompted a national
debate on the rights of homeowners to
defend their property and has drawn
parallels with the case of Tony Martin,
the farmer who was jailed for shooting
dead a burglar in 1999.
Neighbours, friends and others
showed their support for Mr OsbornBrooks yesterday, using the hashtag
#FreeRichardOsbornBrooks on Twitter. One neighbour, Val Barclay, 63,
said: ?You can?t break into people?s
houses, especially when he?s a carer for
his wife and they were in bed.?
Mr Osborn-Brooks has lived on the
street since the early 1980s. Neighbours
said that he had helped to organise a
street party. His cousin, Zoe Brooks,
said the family had welcomed the news
that he had been released on bail: ?Of
course everyone is shocked. He has a lot
of support. His release is great news.?
Community leaders are due to meet
this week to discuss the incident. An
online crowdfunding page has been set
up to raise money for Mr OsbornBrooks and his wife to help with any
legal costs. Last night it had raised more
than �300.
David Gauke, the justice secretary,
said last night that the government?s
sympathies were with victims of breakins. A Ministry of Justice spokesman
said: ?Our sympathies are with householders who have to defend themselves
when intruders break in. That?s why we
strengthened the law in 2013. If a
householder believes their life or the
lives of their family are in danger, and
they act in self-defence, they would not
ordinarily be convicted of an offence.?
12
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Friday April 6 2018 | the times
News
MERCURY PRESS
Slump in new car
sales as motorists
steer clear of diesels
Alex Ralph
Sales of new cars fell for a twelfth
consecutive month as economic uncertainty and confusion about the future
of diesel vehicles put off buyers.
Registrations last month fell by
15.7 per cent compared with a year
earlier, to 474,069, with demand from
private businesses, fleet and private
buyers in decline.
The Society of Motor Manufacturers
and Traders (SMMT) said that sales
were down 12.4 per cent so far this year.
They blamed the drop in part on confusion regarding the government?s policy
on diesel.
The sale of new diesel cars declined
37.2 per cent in March year on year,
compared with a broadly flat petrol
market and modest growth of 5.7 per
cent in vehicles such as pure electric
cars or hybrids.
The health of the new car market is
regarded as a barometer of consumer
and business confidence. The automotive industry is important to the UK
economy, employing more than
800,000 people and generating �5 billion a year for the Treasury in vehicle
excise duty.
March is always an important month
as the new numberplate for the year is
introduced, which tends to encourage
consumers to wait to buy a new vehicle
until the release.
Howard Archer, a chief economic
advisor to the EY Item Club, part of the
accountancy group, said there were
some
?mitigating
circumstances
behind March?s drop but they cannot
mask a disappointing and worrying
performance?.
March last year was a record month
for new car registrations as buyers
brought forward purchases before the
new vehicle excise duty rates were
introduced the following month. Economists also said the severe weather last
month may have discouraged people
from venturing out to showrooms.
Mike Hawes, the SMMT?s chief
executive, said that last month?s decline
was not surprising given the surge in
buyers the previous year and added
that the market remained ?relatively
high with the underlying factors in
terms of consumer choice, finance
availability and cost of ownership all
highly competitive?. However, he said
that consumer and business confidence
had ?taken a knock in recent months
and a thriving new car market is
essential to the overall health of our
economy?.
The bestselling car remained the
Ford Fiesta, followed by the Volkswagen Golf and the Nissan Qashqai.
I know this trick too Hurley the border collie decided to stay when a statue on Crosby beach, Merseyside, wouldn?t play fetch
Child benefit cap ?will increase abortions?
Kaya Burgess
Religious Affairs Correspondent
The two-child limit on benefits is likely
to have caused women to have abortions because they could not afford
another baby, a coalition of Christian,
Jewish and Muslim leaders has said.
Sixty Church of England bishops
joined the Board of Deputies of British
Jews and the Muslim Council of Britain
to call for the policy to be scrapped.
Parents can claim child tax credits or
universal credit for only their first two
children unless there are special circumstances. Anyone who had a third
child after April last year was affected.
In a letter to The Times, the religious
leaders warn: ?The policy is expected to
tip an estimated extra 200,000 children
into poverty. . . . There are likely to be
mothers who will face an invidious
choice between poverty and terminating an unplanned pregnancy.?
The Department of Work and Pensions said: ?[The policy] will be delivered in the most effective, compassionate way, with the right exceptions and
safeguards. But it?s right that people on
benefits have to make the same financial choices as those supporting themselves solely through work.?
Letters, page 28
the times | Friday April 6 2018
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News
Cut your stress level by taking a Facebook holiday
Mark Bridge Technology Correspondent
Deleting your Facebook account will
not only protect your data, it could also
reduce your stress levels and risk of
mental and physical disorders, scientists say.
There is a catch. Although levels of
cortisol, the stress hormone, dipped
noticeably when ?active users? took a
break from Facebook, the human
guinea pigs perceived that they were
worse off and longed to get back online.
The study, published in The Journal
of Social Psychology, is the first to
demonstrate the effects of Facebook
use on a physiological measure
associated with health outcomes.
A team at the University of Queensland investigated the effects of a fiveday break from the social network. All
138 participants provided saliva
samples at the start and end of the study
to measure changes in their cortisol
levels. Elevated levels have been linked
to insomnia, obesity, diabetes, high
blood pressure, depression and cancer.
Eric Vanman, who led the study, said:
?Taking a Facebook break reduced a
person?s level of cortisol. However,
while participants in our study showed
an improvement in physiological stress
by giving up Facebook, they also
reported lower feelings of wellbeing.
People said that they felt more
unsatisfied and were looking forward to
resuming their Facebook activity.
?This threat to their need to stay connected was evident as soon as they were
assigned to the No Facebook group and
used more negative words as they
imagined their break from Facebook.
?For example, one participant speculated that, ?I will probably feel upset as
my social life will be totally stopped if I
cannot use Facebook and cannot find
my friends in Facebook. I will also feel
left behind as I will not be able to know
what has happened with my Facebook
friends in the coming five days.? ?
The findings may help to explain why
Facebook says that it has seen no
?meaningful? drop in usage despite the
#deletefacebook movement, which
was prompted by news of the leak of
87 million users? details to the data company Cambridge Analytica.
Studies of Facebook?s effects have
TMS
diary@thetimes.co.uk | @timesdiary
Rhyming for
no reason
Lord Sugar and Jeremy Corbyn
have something in common: they
are both awful at poetry. Yesterday
Lord Sugar, the former Labour
peer, published a poem criticising
the Labour leader. To judge by the
quality, Carol Ann Duffy has
nothing to worry about. One verse
read: ?Jeremy Corbyn, a stud of a
man/A playboy was he with his
lover Diane/She?d get into bed
wearing only her blusher/And lie
back with Jezza thinking of
Russia.? As a young man Corbyn
had his own unsuccessful dalliance
with poetry. In 1968, while living in
Jamaica, he scribbled some stanzas
and sent them off for publication
in the New Statesman. ?I never
heard anything for months,?
Corbyn sighed, ?and then
eventually it was rejected.?
Mothers have a way with words.
Christopher Biggins, below, paid
tribute to his mum, Pam, who died
this week at the age of 93. The roly
poly actor noted that he saw her
only last week. ?Can you see me,
Mum?? he asked. ?Of course I can,?
she told him. ?You?re so big.?
russia?s pet project
In a strange turn of events, Russia
has now demanded access to the
Skripal family cats. After weeks of
bluster over responsibility for the
poisoning of Sergei Skripal and his
daughter, the Russian foreign
ministry complained that it hadn?t
received information about the
double agent?s pets as they
could ?provide clues? as to
what happened. A British
government source told
journalists: ?We tried to
interview the cat but it
declined to comment.?
Today marks the
anniversary of
Winston Churchill
standing down as
prime minister in 1955. He was
famously reluctant to hand over to a
successor, believing himself at the
age of 80 to be capable of carrying
on. In a cabinet meeting a year
before he retired, Churchill
explained that Selwyn Lloyd was
away at his father?s funeral. ?Quite
young too,? he added, ?only 90.?
a googly for the germans
News that an Australian bookshop
has moved the disgraced cricketer
Steve Smith?s autobiography from
the sport to the crime section,
reminded Sebastian Faulks of a
similar tale. The novelist was
staying at a health farm in Spain
when a fellow English guest told
him about a book he had finished
on the Battle of Britain, which he
had returned to the multilingual
library at the resort. ?That?s
funny,? Faulks said. ?I was looking
through the English section for
something to read only this
morning.? ?Yes,? the man replied
sheepishly. ?I, err, put it in the
German section.?
Algy Cluff, the former proprietor of
The Spectator, has written a
splendid book called Unsung Heroes
in which he describes some of the
interesting characters he has known.
One is Loopy Whitbread, a member
of the Whitbread brewing dynasty,
who was removed from the company
because of his habit of asking staff
how much they were paid. When
they told him, he would reply:
?Ridiculous. That should be doubled.?
what?s this ?ere then?
David Lammy is not that
observant. The Labour MP, who
answered ?Henry VII? when asked
on Celebrity Mastermind who had
succeeded Henry VIII, was on
BBC news yesterday linking
cuts in police numbers to the
increase in knife crime.
Adding: ?We haven?t seen
police while we?ve been
here.? There was a
policeman standing yards
behind him.
grant tucker
come up with conflicting results. A
paper published in 2013 found that
people?s reported wellbeing declined
the more they used Facebook. Psychologists say that many people compare
themselves unfavourably with others
on social media who appear to live perfect lives. Facebook admitted last year
that it could be bad for users? mental
health but suggested that the solution
was to use it more actively.
Researchers in the Netherlands
claimed last year that Facebook was
addictive in a similar way to cigarettes,
with a glimpse of its logo enough to trigger ?hedonic reactions? in heavy users.
The new study was carried out before
the #deletefacebook
push and developed
from Dr Vanman?s experience of quitting
Facebook from time to
time. He said: ?When I
told colleagues about
my Facebook vacations, I found out I
wasn?t alone. Our
cortisol findings suggest breaks from
Facebook could be
beneficial to one?s
health, as any prolonged stress could contribute to mental and physical disorders. Given that
it?s already known that
too much Facebook
can reduce one?s feelings of wellbeing and
increase negative feelings via social comparison, the added knowledge that taking a
break can reduce physiological stress might
cause the typical user
to consider a Facebook
vacation, even though it
risks feelings of being
socially disconnected.?
Facebook declined to comment.
Watchdog?s warning, page 22
the times | Friday April 6 2018
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News
Murder victim
nearly died in
new year attack
Will Humphries
A teenager stabbed to death in
London?s latest spate of fatal violence
had almost died at a New Year?s Eve
party when he was stabbed five times in
the stomach.
Israel Ogunsola, 18, was attacked on
Wednesday while cycling in Hackney,
east London. The computer programming student was found by police at
8pm and given first aid but pronounced
dead at the scene 25 minutes later. Two
boys aged 17 have been arrested on suspicion of murder.
Like many recent deaths in the capital, Mr Ogunsola?s killing is thought to
be gang-related. The Metropolitan
Police have opened 53 murder inquiries
this year: 12 in January, 14 in February,
21 in March and six this month.
On Monday Tanesha MelbourneBlake, 17, was shot dead during a driveIsrael Ogunsola, 18,
had been attacked
?as a warning?
Violence around the globe
Italy Naples recorded 63 murders in
2016 for a population of just over
three million. Rome had 21 murders
that year, followed by Milan on 17.
Germany Berlin had 40 murders
last year, a rate of 0.93 per 100,000
inhabitants, while Hamburg had 14
(0.77 per 100,000).
Russia There were 289 murders and
attempted murders in Moscow in
the first 11 months of 2017 and 171 in
St Petersburg, compared with 351
and 221 respectively in all of 2016.
Sweden
In Stockholm, murders rose last year
to 50 from 26 in 2016.
Mexico
The Los Cabos holiday resort had a
murder rate of 111.3 killings per
100,000 inhabitants, believed to be
the highest in the world.
by attack in Tottenham, north London.
A Facebook profile in Mr Ogunsola?s
name lists him as one of her friends.
Tanesha?s boyfriend, Lumear Small, 20,
said she had ?the biggest heart of any
girl I?ve ever met?. He told MailOnline:
?I?m heartbroken. I lost my princess
and my soulmate and it?s the worst feeling I?ve ever felt. I hope whoever has
done this is brought to justice.?
There were six stabbings in the capital yesterday including a 13-year-old
boy in Newham, east London. Three
boys were arrested on suspicion of
grievous bodily harm with intent and
the victim was in a ?serious but stable?
condition. Two boys aged 15 were also
hospitalised after a stabbing in Mile
End, east London, and a third boy, 16,
who was stabbed in the arm, was treated at a local hospital before being arrested. There were also stabbings in Ealing Broadway and Walthamstow.
Steve Frank Narvaez-Jara, 20, was
killed in the knife attack that Mr Ogunsola, his friend, survived. Mr NarvaezJara died in the early hours of New
Year?s Day and was the first person to be
killed in the city in 2018. A family
friend, who did not want to be named,
said that the stabbing in Old Street was
a warning from a gang.
In December Mr Ogunsola pleaded
guilty to actual bodily harm, dangerous
driving, driving without a licence, driving with no insurance and being in possession of cannabis after an incident at
Stevenage leisure park on November
24 that resulted in a police officer being
taken to hospital with a head injury.
Dele Ogunsola, 55, Israel?s father,
said: ?The bloodshed must stop.
London?s streets are so dangerous.
Young people are being slaughtered
every day. If it means bringing back
more stop-and-search, then so be it. We
have to tackle this problem and the
government needs to do more.?
Victor Olisa, head of policing in Tottenham, blamed budget cuts, saying: ?It
appears to people I have spoken to as
though the police have lost control of
public spaces and the streets.?
Last night two men were shot in
Luton, north of the capital, Bedfordshire police said. Officers were called to
a road near Luton Town FC?s stadium
after reports of gunfire. Both men were
taken to hospital. A police spokesman
said that one of them had serious injuries and the other?s were life-changing.
?Killers? brag
about their
shooting on
social media
Tanesha
Melbourne-Blake
was shot as she
stood next to the
intended victim,
friends claim
ENTERPRISE NEWS AND PICTURES
Murders by month
12
14
21
6
January
February
March
April
37
17
M11
M1
4
LONDON
39
23
31 14
20
34
11 4953
40
46
52 42 50
9 38
41
5
2
24
21 7 15 25
28 47
22
10 32
48
35
13 43
27
36
29
18 8
19
12
M4
3
45
51
1
16
44
6
33
2 miles
M25
26
30
A social media post that claims
credit for the shooting of a
17-year-old girl in Tottenham also
appears to show her killers
bragging that she deserved to die
because she was standing close to
their enemies (Will Humphries
and John Simpson write).
An unverified post on
Instagram yesterday, carrying a
hashtag #NPK, included a link to
a news article about an attack on
a teenager in a Tinseltown
restaurant and the subsequent
shooting of Tanesha MelbourneBlake on Monday, and alluded to
the killing. ?If your chillin with
my ops [opposition] I ain?t gonna
adjust my aim for you,? the post
read, according to The Sun. It
gives weight to claims that she
was caught in the crossfire of a
revenge attack. Another post
read: ?We got him down in
Tinseltown & his girl down by
Chalgrove #NPK?.
Northumberland Park Killers,
known as NPK, are a notorious
gang from Tottenham. They are
known to have made peace with
the nearby Tottenham Mandem
gang in an alliance against
mutual rivals and Tanesha?s death
on Chalgrove Road is thought to
be linked to a simmering feud
with the WG gang from Wood
Green. The latest bout of a
decade-long feud between
Tottenham and Wood Green
gangs began with the murder of a
young man in February. His
alleged killer awaits trial.
Tanesha?s death came 24 hours
after a fight in a diner in central
London, a video of which was
shared over Snapchat and Twitter
on Easter Sunday. Scotland Yard
detectives seized CCTV footage
from the Tinseltown restaurant in
Farringdon, where the
video was believed to have been
filmed. The victim was identified
yesterday as a rapper from Wood
Green known as Bobby Slater.
The Tinseltown video showed
three men repeatedly punching
and stamping on a young black
man. A girl who threw herself in
the way to stop them was also
attacked. Several people sharing it
said that it had been the
precursor to the shooting in
Tottenham, which they described
as a revenge attack.
PM and mayor criticised for inaction Rivals treated in separate
Sam Coates Deputy Political Editor
Theresa May and Sadiq Khan have
come under fire for failing to stem the
tide of violence engulfing London in
recent weeks.
The prime minister visited Waltham
Forest yesterday, close to the scene of
five violent incidents resulting in three
deaths since the start of the year. She
opened a new campaign office for
Waltham Forest Conservatives and
went canvassing rather than visiting
the crime scene or meeting police.
The mayor of London told LBC radio
that he had not met any victims nor
visited the scene of any violent incidentsthis week. ?I?ve spoken to a number of people over the last few days. No,
I haven?t spoken to bereaved families.
But I?ve got a deputy mayor and a commissioner of the Metropolitan Police.
We?re a team. The Met and City Hall
are a team and I?ve got full confidence,?
he said.
Pressed on why he had not visited
any murder scenes, he replied: ?I?ve
been on knife sweeps, I?ve met a number of families, I?ve been to funerals, to
youth facilities. I?m here talking to you.?
A Home Office minister is understood to have expressed regret to David
Lammy, the Labour MP for Tottenham,
for failing to speak to him about the
wave of violence in his constituency. Mr
Lammy had written on Twitter: ?Is a life
in my constituency worth less than a
life elsewhere in our country? I have
had four young people lose their lives
since Christmas and not a single phone
call or visit from the PM or home secretary. Where is the political consensus
on a serious strategy??
Jo Johnson, the Tory minister for
London, said that Mr Khan had not
focused on the problem. ?Londoners
deserve to feel safe on the streets and
that is why the government has given
the [Met] additional funds again this
year. Sadly the mayor has chosen not to
prioritise community policing and now
urgently needs to use all his powers to
tackle this scourge.?
Stella Creasy, the Labour MP for
Walthamstow, criticised Mrs May?s
visit on Twitter, telling her: ?If you can
come to our borough looking for votes
as you did today . . . the least you can do
is hear our call for help to tackle the
violent crime we are experiencing.?
hospitals to avoid conflict
Kat Lay Health Correspondent
Ambulance crews are being forced to
ferry injured members of rival gangs to
different hospitals to avoid conflict in
emergency departments, according to
a London surgeon.
Martin Griffiths, lead trauma surgeon at the Royal London Hospital,
said that about a quarter of the cases he
now dealt with were knife or gun injuries, with some emergency rooms in the
capital resembling an Afghan war zone.
?Some of my military colleagues have
described practice here as being similar
to being at [Camp] Bastion,? he told the
BBC Radio 4 Today programme.
?People are often in their teens. Children in school uniforms are being admitted with knife and gun wounds.?
John Poyton, chief executive of Redthread charity, said it was a public
health issue that could not be tackled by
the police alone. ?These are young
people who are in school, not all feral
youths or gang members. These are
young people who really need support.?
6 Moosakhan Naseri, 20, an Afghan
asylum seeker, was killed in east London
on October 15 because he owed �, the
Old Bailey was told. Benyamen Ghaderi,
18, Azeem Shafi, 23, Hijrat Nazzary, 25,
Javid Ahmadzai and a 17-year-old boy
deny murder. The trial continues.
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Friday April 6 2018 | the times
News
Jewish official quits Momentum over safety fears
Lucy Fisher
Senior Political Correspondent
A Jewish Momentum official has quit
his post after witnessing ?more
antisemitism in the last week? than
during eight years as a party member.
Joshua Garfield, 23, a youth officer
on the steering committee of Newham
Momentum, in east London, resigned
from the branch last night. He said that
he had felt ?unsafe? and ?untrusted? as
a Jewish member of the committee in
recent days after the row erupted over
antisemitism in Labour.
The Labour council candidate said
that he could not work alongside
people who sought to ?silence the
legitimate concerns of Jewish Labour
members? or who remained ?silent in
the face of blatant racism?.
While he felt training on antisemitism could help some Momentum
members, he added: ?I don?t believe it
would be sufficient to combat some of
the deep-seated prejudices I saw being
aired confidently and which went unchallenged.?
Mr Garfield spoke out after Momentum?s national steering group released a
statement this week accepting that
anti-Jewish bias among party members
was more widespread than initially
thought. The national organisation
said it was ?committed to stamping out
antisemitism across the Labour movement?. It added that complaints of
antisemitism within Labour were not a
right-wing smear against Jeremy
Corbyn or the party, as some left-wing
activists had claimed.
Mr Garfield also rejected that notion.
?Denying that antisemitism exists
within the Labour Party or in its affiliated organisations, factions and supporters, is misguided, ignorant and offensive,? he said, adding that an issue could
not be ?weaponised? if it did not exist.
The activist added that he still supported Labour and its leadership and
would continue to work with Momen-
Joshua Garfield
said that he had
encountered deepseated prejudice
tum in a national capacity but could no
longer be involved with the Newham
group. He is standing to be a Labour
councillor in Stratford & New Town in
the local elections next month.
A Momentum spokesman said: ?As
made clear in our recent statement,
Momentum is committed to stamping
out antisemitism across the Labour
movement. Any complaints we receive
will be investigated fully in line with our
code of ethics, and appropriate disciplinary action will be taken.?
The network of Corbyn supporters
announced this week that its membership had reached 40,000 people and
overtaken the Green Party, which has
39,000 members. It claimed it would
overtake the Tory party membership
by 2022. At present about 1,700 were
joining a month, the group said.
Labour said that it was ?committed to
challenging and campaigning against
antisemitism in all its forms. All
complaints of antisemitism are taken
extremely seriously.?
Labour?s new broom
sweeps away key staff
Henry Zeffman Political Reporter
Lucy Fisher
Two of Labour?s most senior administrators have left their jobs as the party?s
new general secretary asserted control.
A wave of senior party staff had announced their plans to resign last
month, days before Jennie Formby, formerly a senior Unite union official, was
confirmed as Labour?s new chief.
In one of her first acts after starting
work this week, Ms Formby told two
leading officials that they were being
placed on gardening leave rather than
being allowed to see out their contracts.
John Stolliday, a veteran staffer who
was in charge of the ?compliance unit?
which oversees disciplinary cases, was
told to leave on Wednesday, though his
contract elapses in June. He had
worked for Labour for 14 years and left
the party?s headquarters to a standing
ovation.
Yesterday, Dan Simpson, the acting
secretary of the Parliamentary Labour
Party (PLP), who is Jewish, also announced that he was leaving immediately. In an email to Labour staff members he wrote: ?I recently resigned from
the employment of the Labour Party
and have been working my notice
period . . . I have now been placed on
gardening leave and I will not be completing my notice.?
Mr Simpson had worked for Labour
in various capacities since 2006 and
was Sadiq Khan?s agent during the
London mayoral election in 2016.
Labour sources insisted that no re-
placements have yet been appointed,
although the vacancies could offer an
opportunity for Ms Formby to install
Jeremy Corbyn loyalists in crucial roles.
In the short term the PLP role is expected to be given to Ben Folley, a
member of Mr Corbyn?s team. He has
previously spoken disapprovingly of
anti-Corbyn Labour MPs briefing journalists on what happens at PLP meetings. He wrote on Twitter last June that
Chris Leslie, MP for Nottingham East,
was ?eager to stir more weekly rows at
PLP for the lobby journalists?.
The lack of an immediate replacement for Mr Stolliday could raise questions about Ms Formby?s ability to curb
antisemitism. In an email to Labour
members on Tuesday, Ms Formby said
that ?creating unity? within Labour ?requires recognising and tackling problems in our own party, above all in relation to antisemitism.? She added that
she planned to ?introduce new procedures to deal with complaints and disciplinary cases?.
One Labour MP expressed concern
about the decision to place Mr Simpson
on gardening leave after the party has
been engulfed by antisemitism allegations. Ruth Smeeth, who represents
Stoke-on-Trent North, told the Politics
Home website: ?I?m incredibly concerned by the optics of the first act by
the new general secretary being to put
on gardening leave the most senior
Jewish member of staff.?
Labour sources insisted Mr Simpson?s religious background had nothing
to do with the decision.
Angry staff call on head
of Open University to go
Nicola Woolcock
Education Correspondent
Lecturers have voted to call for the
resignation of the head of the Open
University over his plan to cut courses
and for making disparaging comments
about the university?s staff.
Staff at the university held a vote of
no confidence in Peter Horrocks at an
emergency meeting yesterday. They
are calling for the vice-chancellor to
resign before a university council meeting on Monday.
Mr Horrocks plans to cut courses by
a third and remove hundreds of members of staff, which the University and
College Union (UCU) said would destroy the institution and reduce it to a
?digital content provider?.
Staff are angry at Mr Horrocks?s description of the job cuts as ?reprioritis-
ing?. He had to apologise after saying
that the university?s distance-learning
model meant that academics had been
allowed to ?get away with not being
teachers for decades?.
The UCU likened his comments to
the time that Gerald Ratner, the jeweller, described one of his company?s
products as ?total crap?.
Union members said that Mr Horrocks?s position had become untenable
and the vote of no confidence should
?impress the need for council members
to call for a change at the top?.
Lydia Richards, a UCU official, said:
?Staff have made it quite clear what
they think about the vice-chancellor?s
recent behaviour. The Open University
is a magnificent institution and it needs
someone at the helm who understands
its unique position and who will talk up
its brilliant staff.?
the times | Friday April 6 2018
17
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News
DAVID M. BENETT/GETTY IMAGES
Barrister is
youngest
judge at 32
Jonathan Ames
A barrister in the northwest of England
has become the youngest crown court
judge in recent history.
Richard Archer, 32, is a year junior to
the previous youngest part-time
recorder, Anna Midgley, who was
appointed in 2016.
Mr Archer is based at 15 Winckley
Square, a medium-sized barristers?
chambers in Preston. His appointment
will cheer campaigners for greater
diversity in the judiciary as Mr Archer
read law at Liverpool University before
being called to the Bar in 2007. Historically many candidates for judicial
Richard Archer read
law at Liverpool
University
All for one The cast of 42nd Street celebrated the musical?s first anniversary in the West End of London with a special performance at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane
Charity for blind investigated
over abuse claim at care home
David Brown
One of Britain?s biggest charities is
being investigated over allegations of
abusive practice, including some of a
sexual nature, at a school and care
home for disabled children.
Sally Harvey, chief executive of the
Royal National Institute of Blind
People, resigned yesterday after the
Charity Commission said that it may
have ?consistently failed? to follow
child protection regulations.
The investigation follows criticism of
the management of charities after The
Times revealed that Oxfam staff had
been involved in the sexual exploitation of women in Haiti.
The RNIB told the watchdog on
March 2 of a ?single serious safeguarding incident? at the Pears Centre school
and care home in Coventry. Two weeks
later it told the commission of several
other serious incidents last year.
Only one allegation was sexual and
there is no suggestion of a culture of
abuse at the centre, the charity said.
?The police and all relevant authorities
have been fully involved in reviewing
the circumstances about this specific
concern, and at this stage we don?t
anticipate further action from external
agencies,? a spokeswoman said.
The charity said it would ?take appropriate disciplinary action where
necessary?, and some staff were under
investigation.
Ofsted, the school regulator, has
given the RNIB until the middle of this
month to make substantial improvements at the Pears Centre or face losing
it registration to run the care home.
The school, which has 31 pupils, was
rated ?inadequate? in an inspection last
November which said that safeguarding was ?ineffective?. One of the five
bungalows in which pupils stay was
judged ?not consistently safe? by the
Care Quality Commission in 2016.
All the school?s pupils, who come
from across the UK, have visual impairments as well as learning difficulties of
varying severity.
The Charity Commission said that it
had opened a statutory inquiry into the
RNIB and the subsidiary charity that
runs the Pears Centre in response to
?serious concerns about the management and oversight?. It said the concerns related to several incidents over
the past year in which children had
been ?placed at risk of harm?.
Harvey Grenville, head of investigations and enforcement at the commission, said: ?The incidents and shortcomings at the Pears Centre are deeply
concerning. The public rightly expects
all charities to be places of safety, especially for vulnerable children and
young people with complex needs.
?The first priority of the trustees of
both charities must now be to ensure
that the vulnerable young people cared
for at the centre are protected from
harm.?
Ms Harvey, who was paid between
�0,000 and �0,000, became chief
executive last October having been
acting head of the charity for a year.
She joined the RNIB in 2009 and went
on to oversee the management of
its care homes, three schools and a
college.
The RNIB, which was founded in
1868, employs more than 2,000 staff
and has 5,000 volunteers. It had an
income of �9 million last year but recorded a �.6 million deficit.
The Queen is a patron of the charity
and its honorary vice-presidents include Lord Blunkett, the former home
secretary; Lord Fellowes of West Stafford, the Downton Abbey author; and
Sir Rod Stewart, the singer.
Eleanor Southwood, chairwoman of
the RNIB, said that Ofsted had given increasingly poor monitoring reports
about the running of the Pears Centre.
?We recognise the seriousness of
Ofsted?s concerns and we?re truly sorry
that the level of service we?ve provided
has not been good enough,? she said.
?We are sorry that we have let down the
children and the people who loyally
support RNIB. We are now doing
everything we can to put things right
and make sure the young people at
Pears Centre receive the very best care.?
Black graduate hit by banana at university match
Nicola Woolcock
Education Correspondent
A black graduate had a rotten banana
thrown at him during an ice hockey
match between two universities.
Tyrell Pearce was hit by the fruit as he
watched his alma mater Sheffield
Hallam play Sheffield University.
Police and Sheffield University are
investigating the attack.
Mr Pearce told The Tab student
newspaper: ?This is the most racially
abused I have been in my entire life . . . I
Tyrell Pearce said
he had never been
so badly abused
had the contents of this banana all over
my head.? He said that when he challenged a group in the direction that the
banana had come from they remained
silent so he ?knew it was them?.
A spokeswoman for Sheffield Uni-
versity and its students? union said they
would ?not tolerate racism and condemn the abhorrent behaviour by an
individual reported to have taken place
during the recent varsity sporting
event?. Both organisations would ?fully
co-operate? with the police.
Abdullah Okud, president-elect of
Sheffield Hallam University?s black and
minority ethnic students? committee,
said Sheffield University?s response to
the incident, at the FlyDSA Arena on
March 21, was insufficient. He said all
sports teams should have mandatory
anti-racism training. Ilyas Nagdee, the
black students? officer at the National
Union of Students, told The Tab: ?This is
yet another story in a string of incidents
across the country that have brought to
the forefront the horrific reality of
racism on our campuses.?
Exeter University is investigating
claims of racism among members of a
law society on WhatsApp. Last month
police were called to Nottingham Trent
University after a student locked herself in her room amid racist chanting,
which included: ?We hate the blacks.?
appointment have been Oxbridge-educated and from one of the four Inns of
Court in London.
Mr Archer is a member of Middle
Temple but practises mainly in the
northwest, predominantly criminal
law. He also specialises in regulatory
matters relating to trading standards
cases concerning counterfeiting and
agricultural offences.
In his new role as a part-time recorder he will sit for several days a month in
the crown court.
Judicial officials told The Times that
Mr Archer is the youngest crown court
judge, according to recent records.
Digital courts
?may close off
legal advice?
Jonathan Ames
Senior lawyers have warned that the
rapid expansion of ?online courts?
could result in people being cheated of
justice as the government launches a
ground-breaking pilot scheme today.
Ministers are testing a system
designed ?to make it quicker and easier
for people to claim money owed, resolve disputes out of court and access
mediation?. Under the scheme, operated by HM Courts & Tribunals Service,
those involved in a dispute with a value
up to �,000 will be able to make their
claims online instead of filling out
paper forms.
Senior lawyers warned that it could
leave some claimants without recourse
to justice. Joe Egan, president of the
Law Society, which represents solicitors in England and Wales, said:
?People must also be able to access legal
advice in more complex cases and we
would be alarmed if this option was
extended beyond the current �,000
limit. Using tech where appropriate will
hopefully free up resources to aid those
who are unable to make use of such
tools.?
More than 1,400 people used an
earlier pilot of the system last August.
According to ministers, about 80 per
cent of those users said that they found
it easy to use. ?Early evidence suggests
that the online system has improved
access to justice as engagement from
defendants has improved,? the ministry
said.
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News
LAIRICH RIG; CENTRAL SCOTLAND NEWS AGENCY
Cousin of duchess ?let wolfdog attack woman jogger?
A cousin of the Duchess of Cornwall
shouted ?get off my land? at a woman
jogger while a dog that he allegedly
owned tried to bite her neck, a court
was told. Dru Edmonstone, 46, whose
great-grandmother Alice Keppel,
Edward VII?s mistress, is also the
duchess?s great-grandmother, was
shouting aggressively at the woman
and ?made it very clear? that he was
not willing to call off the animal,
Stirling sheriff court was told. The
incident is alleged to have occurred
on a track near Mr Edmonstone?s
ancestral home in west Stirlingshire,
as Alison MacKay, 46, was running
and her husband, Euan, 58, was
cycling ahead of her. Mr Edmonstone,
of Blanefield, whose family have
owned the Duntreath Castle Estate,
Police force fined over
missing interview discs
right, since 1435, denies being the
owner of a Czechoslovakian
wolfdog that was dangerously out
of control. Mrs MacKay said that
the incident in December 2016 was
traumatic, adding: ?It was jumping
on top of me with its paws on my
back and the top of my arms, going
for my neck.? She said that the dog
attacked her neck, thigh and lower
leg, leaving scratches and bruises,
but no bites. Mr Edmonstone, above
right, appeared and she asked him to
restrain the dog. ?In a really
aggressive way he shouted, ?No, get
off my land?. At some point he also
shouted, ?You?re trespassing? very
loudly and very aggressively.? The
summary trial, before Sheriff William
Gilchrist, will continue on June 6.
A police force has been fined
�0,000 for losing discs containing a
video interview with an alleged rape
victim. Three discs and paperwork
were left in an envelope on the desk
of a Humberside police officer. The
material contained the alleged
victim?s name and date of birth as well
as the suspect?s name and address.
The envelope was due to be posted to
another force but never arrived, an
investigation by the Information
Commissioner?s Office found. It is not
known whether the package was ever
sent and the discs are still missing.
The force did not encrypt the discs or
maintain a detailed audit trail of the
package. It has been ordered to
improve its data protection practices.
A thriller at Christmas is the write way to be a bestseller
The secret to writing a successful
book lies not in having an eccentric
name, great empathy or leading an
interesting life. The answer is more
prosaic: sell a thriller at Christmas
and you?re in the money. Researchers
from Northeastern University in
Boston, who analysed sales for 2,468
fiction titles and 2,025 non-fiction
titles using New York Times bestseller
lists from 2008 to 2016, developed a
formula to predict whether a book
would make the charts and stay there.
Three parameters were important: the
readership, how well the author?s
books had sold previously, and time
since publication. Thrillers and
mysteries that have high initial sales
and are released around Christmas
are more likely to be bestsellers.
Search for murder victim delayed by staff shortages
The search for a murdered teenager
was delayed by more than four hours
because there were ?simply no
officers available?, the Independent
Office for Police Conduct has found.
Ellen Higginbottom, 18, was reported
missing about 7pm on June 16 last
year. Greater Manchester police
categorised her disappearance as a
priority response and officers should
have been dispatched within an hour
but they were delayed 13 times and
started the search only at 11.30pm,
when her father requested an update.
Ms Higginbottom?s body was found at
Orrell Water Park in Wigan the next
morning. She had died by the time she
was reported missing. The inquiry
found that a lack of resources led to
the delay. Mark Buckley, 52, was
convicted of her murder and jailed by
Manchester crown court.
Mother who charmed bank with ode to her overdraft
A man who was sorting out his late
mother?s affairs found she negotiated
her overdraft four decades ago partly
by exchanging poems with her bank
manager. Nate Crowley, from
Birmingham, found the letters to and
from the Midland Bank (now HSBC)
in the former home in Norwich of his
mother, Chris, who died last year. In
1977 she wrote Ode to an O/D to say
she was overdrawn and would rectify
it. Part of her poem reads: ?Oh dear oh
me/As you can see/I have severely
overspent/I don?t know where the
money went.? DF Westlake replied in
prose confirming her letter. A poem
was also included. Part of it said:
?Your ode we read with great delight/
The overdraft was an oversight.? Mr
Crowley said: ?Well done, Mum.?
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the times | Friday April 6 2018
19
2G M
News
GETTY IMAGES; SWNS
Time and tide await
the right applicant
T
here would be
few chances for
guests to visit
at high tide and
there are only
30 other people with
whom to make friends,
but you?d never get
stuck in the rush hour
(Fariha Karim writes).
A vacancy for
someone to look after
visitors to the tiny island
of St Michael?s Mount
has generated a lot of
interest. The job
The job of looking after tourists on the Cornish island of St Michael?s Mount received ten applications within 24 hours of it being advertised
specification says that it
involves ?working with
tide and weather? to
lead a team helping
visitors, pays �,000 to
�,000, and comes with
accommodation in a
house at the base of the
57-acre Cornish island.
There is a castle and a
chapel on the island,
which is 500 metres
from the mainland and
linked to the town of
Marazion by a manmade
causeway. It has been
the home of the St
Aubyn family since
about 1650 and was
given to the National
Trust in the 1950s, when
the family retained a
lease to live in the castle.
?It?s a life-changing
job,? a spokeswoman for
the estate said. ?Our
general manager moved
down from London to
live here. It was always
her dream to live in
Cornwall on the island.?
Ten people had
Call for toothbrushing lessons to
combat child dental health crisis
Chris Smyth Health Editor
A child has a decayed tooth taken out
by the NHS every ten minutes, leading
to demands that primary schools remove high-sugar foods from menus
and give lessons in how to brush teeth.
Tooth decay is the most common reason for young children to be admitted to
hospital. Children missed 60,000 days
of school having teeth taken out last
year, a study published today shows.
Public Health England data has
found that 39,010 teeth were taken out
because of decay in 2016-17, equivalent
to 141 every working day. Just over half
were in children aged five to nine but
7,530 were in under-fives.
Nationally the data suggests that one
decayed tooth was taken out for every
333 children last year, but this rises to
one in 71 in Doncaster. Children in Lancashire and south Cumbria, the region
with the highest level of decay, are more
than six times as likely to need a tooth
taken out as those in Wessex.
Claire Stevens, president of the Brit-
ish Society for Paediatric Dentistry,
said: ?In some cases, the decay is so serious that children need most or all of
their teeth removed in one go, it?s heartbreaking when this can be prevented
through small changes such as cutting
down on sugary drinks and brushing
twice daily with a fluoride toothpaste.?
Sandra White, head of dental health
at Public Health England, said: ?It?s upsetting to see so many children admitted to hospital with tooth decay, but
swapping sugary drinks could be an
easy win for busy families.
?Parents can also help by making
sure their children?s teeth are brushed
twice a day with fluoride toothpaste
and reducing how much sugar they?re
eating and drinking.?
The figures are published to coincide
with the introduction today of a sugar
tax that puts 24p on a litre of high-sugar
drinks such as Coca Cola and 18p per
litre on medium sugar ones.
Michael Escudier, dean of the faculty
of dental surgery at the Royal College of
Surgeons, demanded that some of the
�0 million that the tax is expected to
raise go to encourage better tooth
hygiene.
?We would like supervised toothbrushing sessions introduced in nurseries, primary schools and breakfast clubs
across England,? he said. ?Sugary
snacks and drinks remain a principal
cause of tooth decay. Schools can do
their part to tackle the scourge of highsugar products like cakes and non-fruit
based desserts by making sure they are
taken off the lunchtime menu.?
Izzi Seccombe, of the Local Government Association, said: ?Councils run a
range of oral health programmes in
schools and local communities, but it is
important to note that simply having
regular check-ups at a dentist can help
prevent tooth decay and the need for
hospital treatment later on.?
The figures are largely unchanged
since last year and down on the 42,037
extractions for decay in 2014-15 but
dentists said they are still far too high.
Nigel Carter, of the Oral Health Foundation, said the figures were ?far be-
yond what anybody should deem
acceptable. The pain and distress
caused to the children undergoing
these operations, some of whom have
barely reached their first birthday, is
absolutely heart-breaking and must be
addressed urgently.?
He added: ?We do not feel the sugar
tax does enough to address the current
oral health crisis we?re experiencing in
England. It fails to address the issue of
excessive sugar in fruit juices, milkbased drinks and multipacks and also
does not generate any funds to improve
oral health education in the UK.?
Critics of the ?paternalistic? tax say it
will hurt the poor. ?Many of those hit by
the sugar tax will simply substitute
more expensive soft drinks with cheaper, but still sugary alternatives,? Daniel
Pryor, of the Adam Smith Institute,
said.
?Let?s see this tax for what it is, a slippery slope. When it?s failed to achieve
its objective of lower obesity, campaigners will up their calls for high taxes on chocolate and confectionary.?
Drug find gives stroke patients hope of quicker recovery
Tom Whipple Science Editor
Stroke patients? recoveries could be
speeded up by a drug that helps the
brain to make new connections.
After a head injury or stroke, the
brain has a temporary capacity to reform cut circuits and bypass damaged
areas. With severe damage this process
normally stops well before the brain has
returned to anything close to its previ-
ous state, often leaving people with impaired motor skills or speech.
Scientists have long been researching the molecular mechanisms involved in this early plasticity in the
hope of finding a way to encourage the
brain?s natural healing processes.
Now a team from Yokohama City
University in Japan has found a compound that accelerates recovery of
motor function in mice and monkeys.
For the research, published in Science,
those who had the drug designed to target a protein known as CRMP2, which
is crucial in brain plasticity, did significantly better, regaining dexterity in
their fingers at a level rarely achieved
by those who had no plasticity induced.
In a commentary accompanying the
paper, Simon Rumpel, from Johannes
Gutenberg University in Mainz, Germany, said that harnessing plasticity
had long been a goal of his colleagues.
He said it was frustrating that, until
now, the ?recovery phase? after a stroke
transitioned so quickly to a stable phase
in which no new rewiring occurred.
The compound will need extensive
testing to see if it works in humans, but
the Japanese researchers said that the
test process may be faster than normal
because it had already been approved
to treat other medical conditions.
applied less than
24 hours after the job
was advertised. On the
St Michael?s Mount
Facebook page, people
described it as their
dream job. One added:
?I might do it for free!?
Boy, 9, dies
after beach
football game
A nine-year-old British boy died when
he went into cardiac arrest after colliding with another child during a game of
football on a Spanish beach.
The boy, named as Kai, was playing in
La Zenia on the Costa Blanca, on Tuesday afternoon. Although bystanders
tried to revive him, local media
reported that it took 25 minutes for an
ambulance to arrive and 40 minutes for
a better-equipped ambulance with a
defibrillator on board to reach him.
The boy is believed to have been living in the area with his mother, Nicola
Fawcett, and his sister, Mia. Ms
Fawcett, from Doncaster, works as a
waitress at a bar-restaurant called
Kai was said to
have been hit on
the head when he
collided with
another boy
Alejandro?s in La Zenia, near where her
son collapsed.
A statement released by Orihuela
town hall said that a lifeguard service
had been in place over the Easter break
but was not in service on Tuesday. It
said that police who attended the beach
soon after the incident attempted to
revive the boy before he was taken by
ambulance to hospital in Torrevieja.
Doctors put him into an induced coma
but he died at 5pm yesterday.
Yesterday his mother?s partner, Pete
Short, attended the scene of the incident with other mourners.
Rafael Almagro, a local councillor,
said: ?It appears the boy was playing
with some friends on the beach and fell
after receiving a blow to the head.?
20
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Friday April 6 2018 | the times
News
Dark matter clue
was a false dawn
Tom Whipple Science Editor
Dark matter just got a little bit darker.
The mysterious substance that makes
up the majority of the matter in the universe but cannot be seen by telescopes
turns out to be even more mysterious
than we believed after a key insight
about its properties was found to have
been a calculation error.
An estimated 80 per cent of the
matter in the universe is dark matter.
The substance is so named because it
does not reflect light at all and can pass
straight through normal matter. Its
presence is apparent only in its gravitational effects.
However, in 2015 astronomers from
Durham University made what appeared to be a sensational discovery. By
looking at a galaxy 1.3 billion light years
away and measuring the effects of its
gravity on passing light, they seemed to
find that the dark matter had been
stripped away and separated.
According to astronomers? best
guesses, galaxies exist within large accumulations of dark matter. For the
two to part company in this way, the
dark matter must have interacted with
something other than gravity. One
plausible explanation would be that it
passed through a lump of other dark
matter and interacted with it.
If correct, this would mean that the
particles had given away a crucial hint
about their nature, and shown that they
were not so inscrutable after all. ?We
would all like to know what dark matter
is,? Andrew Robertson, from Durham
University, said. ?This was a clue the
particle was behaving in a particular
way, and that would have been nice ?
we are short of clues.?
Physicists are keen to unravel the
mystery of dark matter because it does
not fit within the Standard Model. This
framework can explain all known particles, but scientists know it is incorrect
because it is incompatible with the
other great theory of cosmology, Einstein?s General Relativity. By looking at
particles that do not fit with the Standard Model, they may find clues about
how to refine it.
Now new data has shown, however,
that the 2015 finding was probably incorrect. Better readings from the Alma
observatory in Chile, a vast array of
radio telescopes on a plateau higher
than Mont Blanc, have demonstrated
that the dark matter was exactly where
it should have been after all.
Dr Robertson said there was a silver
lining to the new finding, published in
the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. ?This has got particle
physicists interested in what dark
matter could be,? he said. ?We now have
a much better understanding of what
interacting dark matter would look like,
and how that would change what we
see . . . So even though the result is gone,
it is not especially disappointing. Of
course, it would have been better to
know the truth from the start.?
ZSL LONDON ZOO
Solar is fastest
growing source
of new energy
Ben Webster Environment Editor
Bright eyed Meghan the zebra giraffe in the sunshine at the London Zoo. The calf,
born in December, was named for Meghan Markle?s engagement to Prince Harry
Solar energy accounted for the biggest
share of power that was generated from
new sources last year, according to a
UN report. The study also showed that
the UK bucked the trend and cut its
investment in renewables.
A record 98 gigawatts of solar power
capacity was installed globally last year,
with China contributing 53GW. The report said that the cost of generating
electricity from large-scale solar photovoltaic technology fell by 15 per cent.
In total, 157GW of renewable energygenerating capacity, including solar
wind, biofuels and geothermal energy,
was added. This was more than double
the 70GW of net new capacity from
fossil fuels.
Erik Solheim, head of UN Environment, said that the rises showed ?how
the global energy map is changing and,
more importantly, what the economic
benefits are of such a shift?.
Fossil fuels still dominate existing
capacity. Renewables generated 12.1 per
cent of electricity last year.
The UK?s investment in renewable
energy fell by the most of any major
economy, down 65 per cent to �4 billion. This was partly because the government closed subsidy schemes for
solar farms and onshore wind.
Global investment in renewable
energy rose by 2 per cent to $279.8 billion last year. China invested the most,
at $126.6 billion.
the times | Friday April 6 2018
21
2G M
News
HULTON ARCHIVE/GETTY IMAGES;
AGES; ALAMY
The French writer, above,
and his Guernsey home. It
will reopen with help from
Fran鏾is Pinault, with his
son and daughter-in-law
Salma Hayek, the actress
?3m gift to rescue
Victor Hugo?s home
T
he house in
Guernsey
where Victor
Hugo wrote Les
Mis閞ables is to
be saved from ruin after
a French tycoon came
forward with a
?3 million donation
(Adam Sage writes).
Fran鏾is Pinault, 81,
the luxury goods
billionaire, stumped up
the money after Anne
Hidalgo, the socialist
mayor of Paris city
council, which owns
Hugo?s Channel Island
property, said she could
not afford to renovate it.
Hauteville House was
given to Paris by Hugo?s
descendants in 1927 and
since then has been a
museum dedicated to
him, attracting 20,000
visitors a year. But its
walls are porous, staff
remove buckets of
water when it
rains, and the
d閏or created
to reflect
Hugo?s artistic
mind is
disintegrating.
The state of
disrepair is
such that the
museum had
to be closed
to the public
last year.
?The aim of
this restoration is
nothing less than to
rediscover all the poetry
that Victor Hugo put
into the d閏or, and to
give back to this
totally exceptional
property its original
visual aspect,?
Paris Mus閑s, the
council-run body
that manages the
house, said. The
?3.6 million
renovation plan
was drawn up in 2017,
but was blocked by Ms
Hidalgo?s refusal to
finance it. A council
crowdfunding campaign
raised only ?54,000.
Jettisoning socialist
dogma, Ms Hidalgo
began a search for a
private sector patron,
and found one in the
shape of Mr Pinault,
founder of the Kering
Group, whose brands
include Balenciaga,
Women take revenge with parodies
of male writers obsessed by looks
Their breasts heaving, the women
arched their fingers as they leaned
towards their keyboards for an act of
revenge upon inept male writers.
Hundreds of women have taken to
Twitter to write parodies of terrible
prose after a challenge set by an American podcast creator.
Whitney Reynolds, who lives in New
York, received more than 2,000 replies
to a tweet asking women to ?describe
yourself like a male author would?.
The outpouring suggested a profound irritation at reading clumsy attempts by male writers to characterise
women, especially those who tried
unconvincingly to write as a female
narrator. Most respondents wrote only
about their physical appearance and
how their faces, breasts and bottoms
related to archetypes of beauty.
L J Breedlove, a writer and journalist,
wrote: ?Carolyn was old. Not sure how
old, doesn?t matter, too old for the likes
of me. And fat. Wore glasses. No makeup. It?s like she gave up trying to be
attractive for men. Or women. Whichever. I?m not sexist. She may have won
a Nobel in her day, but she sure was
nothing to look at.?
Marie Lum, a storyboard revisionist
at the Cartoon Network, said a male
author would write about her ?porcelain skin?, submissive nature, silky hair,
exoticism and almond-shaped eyes
because of her Asian appearance. Lydia
Kiesling, an author and editor, wrote:
Spoof or not?
1) Her breasts stuck out
straight and true: her
little flanks looked
delicious.
2) I even become
somewhat suspicious
and critical of her
serene, womanly
beauty. Or rather, of the
regard in which she
seems to hold her eyes,
her nose, her throat, her
breasts, her hips, her
legs.
3) Her breasts were
large enough to inspire
thoughts of lust, but
had the comforting
appeal of a beloved
nanny or nurse. Her
hips and bum told a
different story ? wild
nights in dancehalls;
swaying in callipygian
glory.
4) Standing there trying
to get the waist of
the skirt suit to link
at her side, the tops of
her breasts, swollen
with untaken milk,
pushing above her bra,
she does have a
plumpness, a fullness
that call to him.
5) Despite her round
face, the only thing
sitting higher than her
breasts were her cheek
bones. Eastern
European, no doubt.
He approached her.
?Where are you from??
?New Jersey.? He
smirked, and asked the
question that would
surely endear him to
her forever. ?No. Before
that.?
6) Tall and lissom, Dr
Brooks moved with the
assertive gait of an
athlete.
Answers 1) Jack Kerouac, On the Road 2) Philip Roth, The Professor of Desire
3) YourFavBlackAuntie, on Twitter 4) John Updike, Rabbit, Run 5) Vanessa Salkova, on Twitter
6) Dan Brown, Inferno
Jack Malvern
?She had the quick compensatory mind
of a woman who was not quite beautiful, but appeared so after a few drinks,
when the light was just so, and the birdsong echoed across the chasm between
her face and true beauty.?
Reynolds issued the challenge in
response to a tweet by Gwen C Katz,
author of the children?s book Among the
Red Stars, who took the mickey out of a
male author. The man, who has not
been identified, claimed to be able to
write a convincing female protagonist,
but an excerpt of his book read: ?I sauntered over, certain he noticed me. I?m
hard to miss, I?d like to think ? a little
tall (but not too tall), a nice set of curves
if I do say so myself, pants so impossibly
tight that if I had had a credit card in my
back pocket you could read the expiration date. The rest of my outfit wasn?t
that remarkable, just a few old things I
had lying around. You know how it is.?
Reynolds, who co-runs a podcast
called I Haven?t Seen That, acknowledged there were many male authors
who could write women convincingly,
but the inability to create believable
women was no barrier to publication.
?[The challenge] was inspired by
another tweet where someone gave an
example of a male author who had
done a very atrocious job of writing, in
first person, a female character,? she
told the Today programme on BBC
Radio 4. Most women had encountered
descriptions of female characters
primarily as body parts, she said. ?Lots
of talk about breasts. But what?s been
most interesting to me is seeing other
responses from people who would, I
assume because of their age or their
weight or their ethnicity, be invisible.?
The parodies were not designed to be
fair on male authors. ?Some of my best
friends are men, male authors as well.
There are plenty of male authors who
can write good women but it seems to
be a little easy that male authors are
allowed to get away with writing onedimensional female characters. In the
past I read a lot of fantasy and sci-fi and
it?s very easy to see a lot in those genres
written by male authors.?
She suggested that if male authors
were concerned then they should read
back over their work and question
whether they would write about a man
in the same way. ?Usually, when I?m
walking around, I?m not thinking what
my breasts are doing,? she added.
Gucci and Stella
McCartney. The house
will reopen next year. ?I
accepted because if we
hadn?t done it, who
would have?? he said.
Hugo moved to the
Channel Islands after
being exiled from
France for opposing
Napoleon III, Napoleon
Bonaparte?s nephew,
who was elected
president in 1848 and
proclaimed himself
emperor four years later.
Hugo, whose works also
include The Hunchback
of Notre-Dame, was sent
out of the country for
describing the emperor
as Little Napoleon.
Tibet play
dropped to
pacify China
Jack Malvern
The Royal Court theatre withdrew a
play about Tibet before its London run
because it was worried about jeopardising a separate project in China.
The theatre in southwest London
claimed that it had pulled Pah-La by
Abhishek Majumdar for ?financial
reasons? but the truth emerged after a
request under the Freedom of Information Act.
Staff at the theatre made the decision
after receiving advice from the British
Council that even a London run of the
play would potentially cause the
Chinese government to block another
project involving the theatre and 16
writers in China.
Tibet has been a sensitive issue for
the Chinese government ever since
1950, when the Chinese army moved
into the province after it had declared
independence.
Majumdar has criticised the theatre?s
decision to halt the production, saying
that it ?encapsulates many deep questions of censorship and internationalism?. English Pen, the freedom of
expression organisation, said that the
withdrawal of the play was ?a chill on
artistic freedom?.
The theatre said it had rescheduled
the play to be produced in spring 2019.
Vicky Featherstone, artistic director of
the Royal Court, said that she wished to
prevent writers becoming ?collateral
damage? in a cross-cultural project.
Thunderer, page 26
22
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Friday April 6 2018 | the times
News
Watchdog threatens fine
over Facebook data leaks
Mark Bridge Technology Correspondent
Facebook is being investigated by the
information commissioner after admitting that the data of 87 million users,
including more than a million Britons,
was leaked to Cambridge Analytica.
Elizabeth Denham suggested that
Facebook?s remedies so far might not be
sufficient under the law, and raised the
possibility of enforcement action that
could include a fine of up to �0,000.
It is understood that the Information
Commissioner?s Office (ICO) is also
looking at political parties, campaigns
and other social media companies,
although it refused to name them.
Cambridge Analytica has been
accused of interfering in elections. Ms
Denham said: ?The ICO is looking at
how data was collected from a thirdparty app on Facebook and shared with
Cambridge Analytica. We are also
conducting a broader investigation into
how social media platforms were used
in political campaigning. Facebook has
been co-operating and, while I am
pleased with changes they are making,
it is too early to say whether they are
sufficient under the law.
?I will also be making clear public
policy recommendations to help us
understand how our personal data is
used online and what we can do to
control how it?s used.?
Facebook, whose founder, Mark
Zuckerberg, has been urged to resign,
has made several changes this week to
give users more control over their data.
The government is also working to
strengthen the UK?s laws through the
Data Protection Bill, which is making
its way through parliament.
Matt Hancock, the digital secretary,
JANE BARLOW/PA
said yesterday that he had called in
Facebook executives for a meeting next
week at which he will demand to know
how it will give users greater control
over their data.
MPs have demanded that Facebook
give details of ?malicious actors? that it
said on Wednesday may have scraped
data from all two billion users. Damian
Collins, chairman of the digital, culture,
media and sport committee, said: ?The
damage has been done and there is
nothing Facebook can do to recover
data that has been lost, or stop third
parties from continuing to benefit from
having had access to it.?
Last night Sheryl Sandberg, Facebook?s second-in-command, said she
personally made ?mistakes? and that
the company had been too slow to
respond in the wake of the scandal. She
said it had ?underinvested? in security.
New iPhone will revive Apple?s magic touch
Mark Bridge
You may be able to control your next
iPhone without even touching it. Apple
is working on touchless gesture control,
company sources have said.
The feature would allow users to perform tasks by moving their fingers close
to the screen without tapping it, and it
could be ready by 2020, someone
familiar with the project told Bloomberg. People could use their mobiles
when they have sticky fingers, such as
when following a recipe online.
Apple already uses a variant of the
technology with a proximity sensor
that detects the user?s cheek and disables the screen while they talk on the
phone. Samsung has developed ?air
gestures? to allow five simple actions.
Apple?s new system is likely to be
more sophisticated, in line with the iPhone X?s facial recognition, which maps
30,000 points. Critics have said Apple
has lost its innovative edge; though the
early iPhones were pioneering, recent
models have had close competition.
Glassy eyed Bryony Windsor, of the National Museum of Scotland, inspects
Beauty Tricks by Pinkie Maclure, part of its Art of Glass exhibition from today
24
2G M
Friday April 6 2018 | the times
News
Fatal delays to treat
eating disorders
A third of children with
eating disorders that are at
a critical point face potentially fatal delays in treatment in parts of England.
While 84 per cent of
urgent cases in London
start treatment within a
week, in the north of England the figure is 68 per
cent. Across the country
the average is 72 per cent.
Louise Theodosiou, of
the Royal College of
Psychiatrists, said: ?Treatment within a week is so
important because people
with eating disorders often
seek help only at the moment of crisis. At that moment, children can become
extremely physically unwell, so it can be fatal if
they?re not seen urgently.
?There is also the real
risk that a child will lose
faith in the whole system if
they?re not seen within a
week.?
The figures, from last
April to September, reveal
that 158 children with urgent cases waited more
than a week.
NHS England said that
by 2020-21, 95 per cent of
under-19s with an eating
disorder should have access to treatment within a
week for urgent cases and
four weeks in routine cases.
Routine appointments
were available within four
weeks for only 81 per cent
of young people, with variations from 88 per cent in
London to 78 per cent in
the north of England.
The RCP, which compiled the statistics, said that
overall the country was on
track to meet the target.
However, it warned that a
lack of staff was a problem.
British tourists? killer
will not stand trial
A Frenchman who killed
two British backpackers in
Australia will not face
criminal charges after it
was ruled that he was
mentally ill (Bernard
Lagan writes).
A mental health court in
Brisbane dropped the
charges against Smail
Ayad, 30, after finding that
he was of unsound mind
when he stabbed Mia
Ayliffe-Chung,
21,
and Tom Jackson,
30, at the Home
Hill Backpackers
hostel in Queensland in August
2016.
The Frenchman attacked
Ms
AyliffeMia AyliffeChung was
stabbed
Chung, a student from
Wirksworth, Derbyshire,
after saying he feared that
there was a conspiracy to
kill him. Mr Jackson, a
journalist from South
Cheshire, was stabbed
when he went to her aid.
He died six days later.
Ayad, who accepts that
he carried out the attacks,
threw himself from a balcony, breaking his neck
and back. Four psychiatrists agreed that
Ayad has schizophrenia and had an
acute psychosis at
the time of the
attack.
The
court ruled that
Ayad be held in
a secure unit
pending repatriation
to
France
for
treatment.
A boarding school
education costs =m
It now costs more than
�0,000 to put a child
through boarding school
(Nicola Woolcock writes).
An analysis by The Good
Schools Guide shows that
educating a child who
starts boarding aged seven
this year may have cost half
a million pounds in fees by
the time they reach 18. This
does not include extras
such as uniforms, school
trips and music lessons.
The guide said that fees
have risen by 4 per cent a
year on average for the past
five years, with similar rises
expected in the future.
Boarding
schools
in
London and the home
counties tended to be more
expensive.
It said that educating a
child from 7 to 18 at the
cheapest boarding schools
would cost �2,000 and
that the national average
would be �5,000.
Hurtwood House in Surrey is the most expensive
senior boarding school in
the UK, charging �,267 a
year, while Dragon School,
a prep school in Oxford,
charges �,580. By contrast, Campbell College in
Northern Ireland offers
boarding education for as
little as �,685.
Beth Noakes, editor of
the new edition of Boarding
Schools: The Good Schools
Guide, said that the cost of
some boarding schools was
equivalent to that of a small
castle and that many
middle class families could
no longer afford it. ?We
have observed boarding
schools spending more
money on offering reduced
fees, and the occasional
free place,? she added.
the times | Friday April 6 2018
25
2G M
No one intended bankers
to be this powerful
Ed Conway
Page 26
Comment
There?s a dignified way for May to leave No 10
An announcement after Brexit day next year would leave the PM time to shape a legacy and groom her successor
CARL COURT/GETTY IMAGES
Philip
Collins
@pcollinstimes
I
n the freedom she has won
through sheer persistence, the
prime minister?s thoughts should
now turn to resignation. Her
premiership has been dominated
by discussion of her day of departure
but she has won the precious right to
announce her own farewell. If Mrs
May gets her timing right she need
not be the fag-end Cameron-years
prime minister, in the way that
Gordon Brown will always be the
fag-end Blair-years prime minister.
Power is gloriously seductive and
hard to relinquish. The chief is almost
always dragged out. Of the postwar
prime ministers Clement Attlee,
Winston Churchill, Alec
Douglas-Home, Ted Heath, John
Major and Gordon Brown were all
forced out by the electorate. Anthony
Eden and Harold Macmillan retired
through convenient illnesses that
were pretexts amid a catastrophic
loss of political authority. Margaret
Thatcher was forced out by her party,
as was David Cameron, in effect,
even though it took a referendum to
get him.
Wilson probably did walk when he
wanted to, in 1976, but through the
metaphorical equivalent of the back
door. Tony Blair is a partial
exception to the norm, although his
moment of departure was certainly
hastened by his main rival. Theresa
May, then, could be something
unique in modern times.
Here is the plan. It depends on two
concrete assumptions. The first is that
Mrs May accepts that her party will
not allow her to fight the next general
election. Perhaps she is tempted to
wonder whether adept handling of
the Skripal poisoning and some
creeping progress with the European
negotiation will overcome the doubts
that were hard-wired by her
performance during the 2017
campaign. She would be unwise to bet
on it. That campaign was a searing
experience for all concerned and
nobody will seek a repeat. My own
view is that, with living standards
declining and austerity biting, for a
low-calibre government to score 42
per cent was a fine effort. That, safe to
say, is not the general view.
Assuming she accepts she cannot
go the full length, Mrs May can then
concentrate on the second
assumption which is that Britain
does, indeed, leave the European
Union formally on March 29, 2019. If
by some parliamentary chicanery the
task is not completed, then all bets
From day one the
question to her will
be, ?Are you still here??
are off. Mrs May would probably not
survive a defeat in the House of
Commons of whatever fragile shell
of a deal she brings back from
Brussels. So let us assume that
March 29 is an unpleasant day in
which both sides refight the old
battle with their full armoury one
last time and, at the midnight hour,
Britain?s 45-year membership of the
European Union comes to an end.
That is Mrs May?s moment of
opportunity. The following week she
should announce that, having done
her duty and arranged an orderly
departure from the EU, she intends to
stand down as leader of the
Conservative Party a year hence. That
timing would allow a contest to be
staged and the victor to be paraded at
the party conference in October 2020.
Announcing a resignation in
advance is usually thought an error,
as it probably was for Mr Blair. The
paradox for Mrs May, however, is that
she faces the resignation problem
even if she does not announce her
resignation. The date of Britain?s
departure from the EU will do that
job for her. On March 29 next year
the political caravan will move on and
pitch somewhere else. Labour MPs,
deprived of their only noble cause,
will awaken to find themselves
marooned in a party controlled by
people they do not think should be let
loose on the nation. Tory MPs will
immediately start to wonder about
who should lead them into the next
election. From day one post-Brexit,
the question for Mrs May, even if it is
not articulated out loud, will be: ?Are
you still here?? The gun goes on the
succession at once.
That is why Mrs May?s solution to
the problem Mr Blair gave himself by
announcing his resignation is to
announce her resignation. But she
should not do so in a spirit of
resignation. The virtue of setting a
deadline is that it can embolden a
politician to take risks. An intimation
of mortality induces a tearing hurry.
Mrs May is prone to calling out
?burning injustice? on issues that do
not quite warrant the label. She did it
on Wednesday about data on gender
pay that raised questions but
provided no answers and on which
her government intends to do
nothing more draconian than send
Baroness Williams of Trafford on to
the airwaves to tell companies they
had better behave. If Mrs May wants
to define burning injustices she needs
to find some issues worthy of her
remarkable if Mrs May actually did
something.
The final profitable thing the prime
minister could do with the time
would be to garland her successor.
Michael Howard promoted David
Cameron and George Osborne to put
a new generation in the spotlight and
she might do the same. With the
power to reshuffle, and a year?s grace,
Mrs May can stage a long audition
for her job. Spotlight Amber Rudd
With reshuffles and a
year?s grace, she can
stage a long audition
Most leaders are forced out of power
but Theresa May can set her terms
rhetoric and use the freedom won by
resignation to define a legacy.
In her first serious address after
Brexit, the prime minister should
specify one, at the most two,
accomplishments by which she
would like to be measured. There is
likely to be a multi-year spending
deal for the NHS, perhaps attached
to some fiscal wizardry on how the
money is raised. Mrs May should
earmark a substantial amount of
that money for social care. Though
not strictly part of the NHS, the
absence of adequate social care
throws so much cost back on the
health service that it is in all but
name. The second issue, if there is
time, should be a year of frantic
housebuilding. It has been discussed
so often that everyone has wearied
of the subject. It would be
and Michael Gove. You are
centre-stage, Jeremy Hunt. Off-stage
right, enter Tom Tugendhat and
Dominic Raab. The selection of a
prime minister, not a leader of the
opposition, is no time for a novice. In
her appointments and the people to
whom she grants favour, Mrs May
could have a hand in shaping her
party?s future. She could, for example,
have the pleasure of getting rid of her
turbulent foreign secretary.
This would be a valedictory tour
unimaginable a year ago. Nobody
takes the long walk out through the
gates of Downing Street entirely on
their own terms and Mrs May would
not either. She would, though, leave
with a reputation that was, if not
exactly burnished with glory, then at
least intact. In a trade in which
failure is meant to be the inevitable
terminus, that is a way to go.
red box
For the best analysis
and commentary on
the political landscape
thetimes.co.uk/redbox
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The border between Northern Ireland and the Republic is one of the
biggest obstacles to a Brexit deal. Reporting from Ireland and six other
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Pick up your copy of The Times tomorrow.
26
1G M
Friday April 6 2018 | the times
Comment
No one intended bankers to be this powerful
Politicians need to scrutinise the reach and influence of the Bank of England?s unelected officials
Ed Conway
@edconwaysky
W
hat was the single
most significant
economic decision of
the past decade?
Austerity, some
would say. Others Brexit. Or the
bank bailouts during the crisis and
the dramatic shifts in tax policy that
ensued: the rise of VAT, the increases
in the personal allowance that lifted
hundreds of thousands out of paying
income tax at all.
But let?s look at it another way.
Let?s rank every economic
intervention based on its impact on
household balance sheets. Here there
is a clear winner. The scale of this
policy dwarfs everything else: a
transfer of hundreds of billions of
pounds, most of it going to the very
wealthiest. And yet it remains a
shadowy topic, much misunderstood,
rarely probed in depth.
The policy in question is
quantitative easing (QE), the impact
of which was laid out in unusually
stark terms by a Bank of England
working paper last week. Thanks to
QE, the wealthiest 10 per cent of
households are �0,000 richer than
they would have been. Consider that
for a moment. The single biggest
distribution of wealth in modern
history, and most people in this
country still haven?t heard of it.
QE, the name given to the Bank
pumping �5 billion into the
economy, is really only the thin end
of a monetary wedge which has
defined the past decade. In the wake
of the crisis, the Bank and its
counterparts around the world went
to extreme lengths, zero interest
rates and all, to prevent a repeat of
the Great Depression. They decided
that a bit of extra inflation, perhaps
even a squeeze in real wages, was a
price worth paying.
Was this the right decision?
Probably. Did the Bank have any
palatable alternatives? Probably not.
All the same, it was arguably the
most fateful economic decision of
modern times. As one gazes out upon
a country where the gap between
young and old is widening, in which
it is more difficult than ever to get on
to the housing ladder, it is clear we
are still living out the consequences.
It decides not just the
price of a loan but if a
borrower is entitled to it
Generally speaking, distributional
decisions such as these should be
taken by elected officials. During the
crisis, that convention was essentially
overridden. Worse still, because the
Bank took so long to explain the
immensity of its actions, even now
few in government comprehend the
scale of it. George Osborne should
have stepped in to improve the lot of
those who missed out. Instead, he
fiddled with the pennies as the Bank
spewed billions into the system. So
those with property or assets did very
well thank you very much; those
without simply missed out.
Is it any wonder so many people at
the middle and bottom of the income
and wealth spectrum are so furious,
or that they?ve turned on the centrist
politicians who presided over the
crisis? The only real surprise is that
the very institution most responsible
for the wage squeeze and for the
jump in the wealth of the top 1 per
cent remains as powerful as ever.
Indeed, even as we voted to take
back control from an institution that
touches our lives far less profoundly,
politicians handed over yet more
powers to the technocrats of
Threadneedle Street, who can now
in effect decide not just the price of a
loan but whether a given borrower is
entitled to it at all.
Do such powers go beyond what
unelected officials should hold? The
short answer is we don?t know
because, bluntly, we are in uncharted
territory. Over the centuries, we have
developed coping strategies when it
comes to the influence of the judiciary
and military. Not so central bankers.
In other words, this is a
conversation we need to have and
urgently. Happily, it may be kickstarted next month by the publication
of Unelected Power, a book from Sir
Paul Tucker, the Bank?s former
deputy governor. Tucker is
refreshingly honest about the
problem: across a range of different
countries, central bankers have
become ?overmighty citizens?. The
contract between them and the
people they are supposed to serve
needs to be rewritten.
With that in mind, here are three
places one might start. First, our
central banks need to be more
honest about the distributional
consequences of their actions. If the
Bank is widening the wealth divide,
that is something it should be
shouting about, not whispering.
Second, our politicians should be
less timid about wielding the power
they still have. Although parliament
has the right to change the Bank?s
remit, it has shied away from
substantive changes ever since it
became independent. It is time to
start debating whether it might make
sense to change the inflation target,
which looks increasingly irrelevant
in a world facing stagnant wages and
a productivity crisis. One bright idea
is that it should target not the rate at
which prices are rising, but a certain
level of inflation. Under the current
system it can miss its target one year
and simply have another shot at it
the next. Under price level targeting
it would be compelled to make up for
its mistake the following year.
Third, in the UK, at least, too
much power is vested in the office of
governor who, to judge from
Tucker?s book, still has the power to
decide whether a bank is saved or
allowed to fail.
In practice, these ideas barely
scratch the surface. But the longer
we put off the conversation, the
greater the risk that in the next
crisis, the Bank becomes the target
for a backlash. Right now we might
think central bank independence
is inevitable. But until recently we
used to think the same about
EU membership.
D
inner with friends on a
school night at Little
House, a beautiful-people
re-tool of the traditional
private members? club.
?Are we drinking?? one asks
nonchalantly. Sometimes, as now, we
determine that we are. On another
occasion we might come to the
decision that we are not. Ah, the
convivial consensuality of it all. How
much has changed.
It made me a think of dinner with
an Oxford don at his unreconstructed
variety of club a couple of years back.
The professor had possibly the largest
brain of anyone I have encountered,
and certainly the most engorged liver.
He asked what I was drinking. I
wasn?t, I said. He spat-slobbered ? it?s
a don thing ? in horror. Not drinking
was not an option, that much was
made clear. As the evening wobbled
on the only thing as remarkable as his
capacity for booze was his capacity for
virtuoso thought despite it all. And
the fact that he had made it to his
mid-eighties in one Bordeaux-soaked
piece.
Then there was that lunch with
cranium number two, a high-level
politico in old Fleet Street haunt El
Vino. Or at least that?s where it
started. He was brilliant, despite
being blotto. By 5pm I thought
that I might die.
Thank goodness, on
both occasions, for a
conveniently placed potted
plant, which ended up
downing as many units as I
did. Every so often it was the
only way. No potted plants
at Little House, I note. A
sign of the times.
Farming today
doesn?t make sense in a traditional
farming community. I am obviously
odd, possibly a lesbian, and certainly a
problem to be solved, all in the nicest
possible way. It?s a reminder of how it
used to be for women everywhere
and, in many places, still is.
Party barns
N
ot that everyone?s
so dull. A friend
who has moved to
the Cotswolds reports on
the rise of the so-called
?party barn? among the
affluently bored mid-lifers
who are her new
neighbours. One does up
a barn on one?s land,
because of course one
has one, and then one
behaves badly in it with
one?s friends, one?s
children safely away at
school. Sex, drugs and
hay bales.
I
spent Easter in the Yorkshire Dales
village where I have spent pretty
much every one since I was born.
The barns there are still used for
what they always were. Though
they aren?t up to snuff if a
lambing season is as
snowbound as this one. Even
tucked up in a barn a lamb
can develop hypothermia if
a farmer isn?t careful.
Seventy-something
Freddie tells me he
has been staying up
in his chair until
22am, then heading
o
out to do the rounds.
O
Oh, the tenderness
required of a good farmer,
and also the toughness.
Freddie will break in a new
s
sheepdog
by putting one
ffront leg in its collar for day
or two, ?to show them who?s
b
boss?.
He has never married,
p
perhaps
unsurprisingly.
Find her a husband
I
n the course of a five-minute
conversation with Dot,
another farmer?s wife, she
refers to two potential matches
for
f me. Freddie?s one. Another
local 70-something is match two. I
am 46. She is joking. Sort of. The
single life, for a woman at least, still
C
hina?s increasingly
repressive regime is no
respecter of free speech
within its own borders but
its growing power to censor
artistic freedoms here in Britain
should be ringing alarm bells. The
Royal Court Theatre, which prides
itself on staging challenging
international work, is the latest body
caught kowtowing to Chinese
demands to curb free speech.
It dropped the play Pah-La, about
life in Tibet, after being warned off
going ahead by the British Council
because of fears of a negative
Chinese reaction, since Beijing
claims sovereignty over Tibet. The
theatre originally claimed it had to
postpone the play for ?financial
reasons? but it turns out that the real
reason was the potential impact on a
joint cultural programme with
China, as well as coinciding with
?significant political meetings?. The
This growing Chinese
influence is ?a chill
on artistic freedom?
Anna Murphy is fashion director
production will now go ahead next
year but only after a public outcry.
This latest example of undue
Chinese influence comes just days
after the Man Booker International
prize came under fire for changing
the nationality of a Taiwanese
nominee on its website. The literary
prize, one of the most respected in
the world, appeared to give in to
pressure from China to change the
nationality of Wu Ming-Yi, one of 13
longlisted authors, from ?Taiwan? to
?Taiwan, China?. The organisers
were forced to reverse their decision
after widespread outrage.
Cambridge University Press, the
world?s oldest publisher, got into hot
water last year when it agreed to a
request from Chinese censors to
block access to more than 300
articles about subjects from Tibet to
the Tiananmen Square massacre
from its leading China-focused
journal. The decision was based on
fears that its access to China?s vast
market would be removed unless it
complied. It too was forced into an
embarrassing volte-face.
The freedom of expression group
English PEN has criticised this
growing Chinese influence as ?a chill
on artistic freedom?. The latest row
should serve as a wake-up call. It is a
disgrace how easily China?s censors
are succeeding in sowing anxiety in
the heart of Britain?s cultural
institutions, which are guilty of
sacrificing artistic freedoms on the
altar of commercial opportunity.
They are in danger of doing Beijing?s
dirty work for it: failing to resist
Chinese demands is to give tacit
approval to China?s suppression of
free speech.
Carol Midgley is away
Jawad Iqbal is a freelance writer
Ed Conway is economics editor of
Sky News
Anna Murphy Notebook
It?s potted
plants that
save a diner
from disaster
China?s censors
should have no say
in British culture
Jawad Iqbal
Yeah, whatever
V
irgil Abloh was announced as
Louis Vuitton men?s designer
last week, the brand?s first
black creative director. Michael
Burke, the chief executive, singled
out the Chicagoan?s ?innate
creativity and disruptive approach
[which] have made him so relevant ...
in popular culture today?.
Let?s hope the Parisian house of
luxury can cope with Abloh?s working
practices. A friend who has
collaborated with the globebestriding polymath tells me he
doesn?t use email, only Whatsapp,
and that in response to an urgent,
lengthy multi-question message
which has required 15 minutes of keytapping his default response is ?yeah?.
French rules
A
recent sighting on the front
row of a show. A vegan
wearing a fur coat. Her
excuse? ?I am French.?
the times | Friday April 6 2018
27
1G M
Comment
Buy prints or signed copies of Times cartoons from our Print Gallery at timescartoons.co.uk or call 020 7711 7826
If you value democracy, vote with your wallet
Ethical spending doesn?t have to be the preserve of the left, as my decision to support Jeff Bezos against Trump shows
Edward
Lucas
@edwardlucas
D
onald Trump?s assault on
the Washington Post should
worry everyone who cares
about the free press and the
health of American
democracy. The venerable daily
newspaper, rescued from collapse in
2013 by Jeff Bezos, the founder of
Amazon, is an effective and diligent
critic of the administration?s sleaze
and chaos. Its slogan is ?Democracy
dies in Darkness?.
The American president last week
responded to its scoops and polemics
with a series of splenetic tweets,
threatening to hurl the rule book at
Mr Bezos?s main company, Amazon.
Mr Trump could, for example, push
the Pentagon to cancel its contract to
use the company?s computer servers.
Or he might instruct the Federal
Trade Commission to use its
anti-monopoly powers against the
online commerce behemoth. It may
not work; Amazon is stepping up its
lobbying in Washington. American
courts have their own ways of
deciding what is legal and what
is not.
Normally, I would be cheering
anyone, even Mr Trump, wanting to
have a crack at the technology
giants. I have long worried about
their arrogant, reckless and
tax-dodging behaviour. I let my
annual Amazon Prime (free delivery)
subscription lapse on principle.
Now I have just renewed it, shaking
my tiny fist in support of Mr Bezos.
True, he is the world?s richest man
and my � will hardly outweigh the
damage to the company?s share price
done by the president?s bullying. But it
is more than a token gesture: small
amounts of cold hard cash, deployed
by large numbers of people, are
I buy my wine from
countries now, or once,
oppressed by Russia
potent political weapons ? far more
than writing letters of protest,
chanting slogans at a demonstration,
or fuming on social media.
Supporting Amazon is just one of
many ways that consumers all over
the world can show their distaste for
Mr Trump and support for his targets.
That is consumer democracy,
which I find a lot more enjoyable
than the electoral kind. We vote in
national elections only a dozen or so
times in our lifetimes. Under Britain?s
first-past-the-post electoral system,
most votes are of only symbolic
importance; even in a landslide
election, only a third of the seats
change hands.
But almost every day of our adult
lives we vote a different way: with
coins, notes and credit cards. The
ballot paper offers only a handful of
candidates, backed by slippery,
unenforceable promises. But the
choice of ways to spend, save or give
away our money is limitless. Even
better, the providers of goods and
services operate in a proper legal
framework. If they lie to us, they
end up in court. If we want
more information, we ask for it.
Without answers, we take our
money elsewhere.
Politicising your spending is fun.
My family have grown used to my
drinking habits. When available, I
buy wine from countries now or
formerly oppressed by Russia
(almost) regardless of the cost. Try
Purcari from Moldova, and
Pheasant?s Tears from Georgia. Then
I work down the list of other
deserving candidates: free-trading
Australia (Penfolds Shiraz) and New
Zealand (Nanny Goat Pinot Noir),
struggling South Africa (Rustenberg
Cabernet Sauvignon) and embattled
Lebanon (Chateau Musar). I have a
blacklist too: Austria has just landed
on it for refusing to expel any
Russian spooks. So no more of my
beloved Blaufr鋘kisch. For 20 years
after the murderous sinking of the
Rainbow Warrior by French secret
agents in 1985, I refused to drink
champagne. This was quite
convenient, because I couldn?t afford
it anyway. Since Emmanuel Macron?s
victory, France is now high up the
list of countries to be encouraged.
Scan a barcode and
the app tells you if it
fits your worldview
We do not always have time to
make lingering choices. So I was
initially delighted to find ?Buycott?,
an app which tells you instantly the
political and ethical credentials of
any product you want to buy. You
just use your phone to scan the
barcode and the app tells you
whether it fits your worldview. I
mind a lot about antibiotic misuse
and plastic pollution in the oceans,
so it is handy to have warnings
about products which score poorly
on these fronts. I was less pleased to
find that the app has its own rather
biased (left-wing, scaremongering)
agenda. It allows you to boycott
genetically modified foods, whereas I
would buy them on principle. My
immediate reaction was that the
managers of the app would do much
better to let it be a neutral tool,
allowing both sides to focus their
energies and their spending power. I
particularly want to buy products
with Israeli ingredients or
components. You may want to avoid
them wherever possible. We are both
entitled to our views, and ideally
should debate them. These conflicts
are what democracy is all about.
Aggregating individual choices to
give them more clout sounds fine,
until those choices are disagreeable
to us. Most liberal-minded people
would like, for example, the idea of
an app that allowed them to support
minority-owned businesses. The cost
is trivial but the feelgood factor
substantial. But a swipe of the screen
could give the opposite result,
allowing customers to shun products
and services created predominantly
by black people (or Jews). Such
capabilities are all but inevitable.
Once we provide the data needed
for our friends to make decisions,
the same information is available to
our enemies.
Consumer democracy, on the
march thanks to technology, is the
raw display of economic power. To
constrain it, we need laws, courts,
institutions ? and elected officials.
Back to you, Mr Trump.
28
1G M
Letters to the Editor should be sent to
letters@thetimes.co.uk or by post to
1 London Bridge Street, London SE1 9GF
Letters to the Editor
Gender equality and the male voice choir
Two-child limit on
universal credit
Sir, Today the ?two-child limit? policy,
which restricts tax credit and
universal credit to the first two
children in a family, has been in place
for a year. The policy is making it
harder for parents to achieve a stable
and resilient family life. By 2021,
640,000 families will have been
affected. Most are low-earning
working families, most have three
children and some will have made
decisions about family size when they
were able to support children through
earnings alone, but later claimed tax
credits or universal credit after
bereavement, redundancy, separation,
disability, illness or simply low pay.
The policy is expected to tip an
estimated extra 200,000 children into
poverty. It also conveys the
regrettable message that some
children matter less than others,
depending on their place in the
sibling birth order.
It is a grave concern that there are
likely to be mothers who will face an
invidious choice between poverty and
terminating an unplanned pregnancy.
Children are a private joy and a
public good. They are surely all
equally deserving of subsistence
support.
the rt rev sarah mullally,
Bishop of London; the rt rev paul
butler, Bishop of Durham; harun
khan, secretary general, Muslim
Council of Britain; gillian merron,
chief executive, Board of Deputies of
British Jews. Plus a further 65 names
at thetimes.co.uk/letters
Corrections and
clarifications
6 We reported (News, July 8, 2017)
that Sejal Sachania and another
paralegal had been suspended by the
law firm for which they worked after
putting up posters that were
interpreted as advertising for business
among survivors of the Grenfell
Tower fire. Ms Sachania did not
respond to requests for comment
before publication. She has told us
that she was unable to comment at
the time due to her duty of
confidentiality to her employers. She
has now contacted us and we are
happy to put on record that in
offering to help victims with
insurance, immigration and legal
problems she was acting in a purely
personal, voluntary capacity and not
on behalf of any individual, firm,
company or professional body. She
says she was careful not to place her
posters next to sensitive material,
such as missing persons posters. She
subsequently left the law firm on
good terms, and says she believes the
posters had been misinterpreted. We
are happy to make this clear.
The Times takes complaints about
editorial content seriously. We are
committed to abiding by the
Independent Press Standards
Organisation (?IPSO?) rules and
regulations and the Editors? Code of
Practice that IPSO enforces.
Requests for corrections or
clarifications should be sent by email to
feedback@thetimes.co.uk or by post to
Feedback, The Times, 1 London Bridge
Street, London SE1 9GF
Friday April 6 2018 | the times
Sir, In 1933, on a warm August
Sunday evening, the men of the small
fishing village of Portmadog in north
Wales, all dressed in their best,
walked out to the headland and
proceeded to sing hymns in four parts
(?Male voice choir is told it must let
women join?, News, Apr 5). For this
ten-year-old it was an evening of
great spirituality and I have just taken
off my shelves the Welsh hymnal
which I besought my parents to buy
for me when we got back home from
our holiday.
In banning the association between
his force and the Derbyshire
Constabulary male choir, Peter
Goodman, the chief constable, goes
outside the area of his proper
responsibilities ? the very opposite
of good policing.
professor sir bryan thwaites
Fishbourne, Chichester
Sir, The chief constable who is
demanding that a 50-member male
voice choir recruit females to make a
balanced ensemble must have
Assisted dying
debate in Guernsey
Sir, Rabbi Jonathan Romain notes the
debate taking place in Guernsey
(?Guernsey?s plan to allow assisted
dying should apply to all?, Thunderer,
Apr 4) and correctly points out that
we envisage any law change would
only permit assisted dying for our
own residents. Our debate was not
intended to prompt discussions in the
UK, but is simply the latest in a
number of pioneering steps that
Guernsey has taken before the rest of
the British isles.
Just as our previous decisions to
permit voting at 16 and ban smoking
in our prison, these are decisions
that are right in principle but,
crucially, are also for the benefit of
our community. Our debate will be
looking to examine the robust
evidence from overseas that assisted
dying works well in other
jurisdictions, but also listening to our
own residents, whose experiences of
loved ones? deaths demonstrate why
we need to permit greater choice at
the end of life.
Rabbi Romain is correct to
recognise this choice as a right, which
on this day april 6, 1918
THE
RENEWAL OF
THE BATTLE
The Germans began the second
phase of the battle in France on
Thursday morning by delivering a
very formidable attack on the front
between the Somme and Montdidier.
They renewed their offensive some
days earlier than was expected, and
within the great salient they have
created they are moving their troops
and guns about with menacing
rapidity. The size of their salient
gives them ample elbow-room in the
produced the most egregious example
of political correctness yet.
In every choir in which I have sung,
women have outnumbered men by
approximately three to one. So he
would need to find 150 females to
balance the 50 men; and some very
large concert halls in which to
perform.
sylvia crookes
Bainbridge, Wensleydale
Sir, Does the chief constable?s push
for gender equality mean that all
Women?s Institutes must open their
doors to men (some do but they are in
the minority) and members of the
National Women?s Register must
be of both sexes? Surely this is
carrying equal opportunities
to the realms of the absurd. Both men
and women deserve the opportunity
to be members of organisations in
which relevant concerns can be
debated in comfort and interests
followed.
lynne c potter
Hexham, Northumberland
Sir, The Derbyshire Constabulary
male voice choir has been told to
accept women. Insofar as the human
voice is a musical instrument, surely
that?s the equivalent of telling a brass
band to accept violins, or a string
ensemble to accept percussion?
rebecca carter
London W10
Sir, If Derbyshire?s chief constable is
serious about gender equality he
should stand down in favour of a
woman, who would undoubtedly have
the common sense to reinstate the
male voice choir.
bob o?donnell
Loughborough, Leics
Sir, The solution to the dilemma
of the Derbyshire Constabulary
choir admitting women is obvious.
They need only say that membership
is open to men and women
possessing good tenor, baritone or
bass voices.
wynne weston-davies
Cheltenham, Glos
the Supreme Court of Canada
recognised in 2015. It is inevitable that
other jurisdictions will in their own
time reach a similar conclusion by
either a judicial or legislative route.
gavin st pier
Chief minister, Guernsey
technique can affect the many
thousands who are sensitive to flicker.
dr anne silk
Past master, Worshipful Company of
Spectacle Makers, 1990-91
Flicker sensitivity
Sir, On the subject of the lifespan of
refrigerators (?Ice Cold in Mey?,
letter, Apr 4), your readers may be
interested to know that we have the
same model of Frigidaire made by
General Motors in our kitchen as the
Queen Mother?s in the Castle of Mey
(report, Apr 2). The only difference is
that it is now more than 100 years
old. It was imported in the 1920s from
the US by my grandparents who
bought it some years earlier. The
fridge has been in continuous
operation throughout this period and
has had minimal maintenance apart
from the replacement of a hinge.
ian pasley-tyler
Coton, Northants
Sir, Michael Allen (?Great war glare?,
letter, Apr 4) is correct when he
advises people to shut one eye when
car headlights affect a driver. I have
30 years in optical practice and there
are other cases where this simple act
can help.
Many people are sensitive to bright
horizontal or vertical lines ? they
can cause ?migraine variants? where
there is no headache but momentary
nausea or disorientation. For
example, many people are affected
when approaching the yellow
horizontal lines on the road before
roundabouts or when walking across
carpets in stores with bright
horizontal bands.
Visual flicker induced when driving
along roads with low sunbeams
causing light-dark-light-dark
variations through trees is greatly
eased when we shut one eye. This
southern half, though they are still
cramped and constricted in the
north. On the other hand, the very
magnitude and shape of the salient
makes it vulnerable in the south
between Montdidier and the Oise.
Orders found on prisoners show that
their objective was the main railway
line from Amiens to Paris. As they
are within three miles of the line at
one point, and as they also hold
heights which bring it within range
of their artillery, it must be assumed
that this route is no longer very safe.
The principal purpose was to make a
converging attack upon Amiens.
British forces south of the Somme
joined in confronting Thursday?s
attack. It is not quite clear where the
French now link up with our right
flank, but evidently we still hold the
?Roman road? a mile or two south of
the river. Our line touched the
Somme close by the village of
Hamel, which we appear to have
lost. The enemy got into the Hamel
and Vaire woods, and last night?s
British bulletin speaks of ?severe and
persistent? fighting on Thursday east
of Villers-Brettonneux, where we
Lasting fridge
The Times Great Letters is published by
Collins (�). To order your copy for 30%
off with free p&p visit timesbooks.co.uk
or call 0844 5768122 and quote code
GL30 at checkout
still hold most of the high ground.
The dominating factor was plainly
the rain, which is converting the
approaches to the battlefield into
swamps. A falling barometer tends to
the discomfiture of the Germans, but
it affects us almost as adversely. We
are fighting on a new line, and the
change makes a heavy demand on
our road transport. Some of our
lateral field railways are now in the
hands of the foe, and if the Germans
find it difficult to maintain the
conflict, we have similar difficulties.
There were no attacks yesterday,
possibly because part of the ground
over which the Germans are
operating becomes marshy after
heavy rainfall. United States units
are now entering the battle-line and
by today, the anniversary of the
entry of the United States into the
war, we may conceivably hear of
their participation in the conflict.
sign up for a weekly email
with extracts from
the times history of the war
ww1.thetimes.co.uk
Sign of the times
Sir, As Oliver Kamm rightly points
out (?Confessions of a secret sign
language observer?, Mar 31), British
Sign Language is as rich, diverse and
beautiful a language as any other.
But despite this linguistic depth and
British Sign Language being the first
language of 70,000 people, huge
barriers persist. Deaf children born in
Britain, using sign language day in,
day out, are denied the ability to
study it at school and even to do a
GCSE in it. Of course, not every
school needs to offer it, but for those
with large numbers of deaf children,
those children need their rights
respected.
A GCSE has already been
developed. However, Nick Gibb, the
schools minister, continues to block
proposals to give sign language
equality on the national curriculum
and denies deaf children the ability to
get a GCSE in the language that so
many will use for the rest of their
lives. This needs to change.
ian noon
Head of policy and research
at the National Deaf Children?s
Society
Supportive monks
Sir, I had the privilege of being
educated at Ampleforth College and
was saddened to read that the college
has been stripped of its safeguarding
powers by the Charity Commission
(News, Apr 4).
Ampleforth has attracted a lot of
(sometimes justifiable) criticism over
the past few years. May I just say that
my school contemporaries and I
remember our time there with great
affection. Many of the monks and
teachers were outstanding men and
women. A number of the monks
officiated at our marriages, baptised
and christened our children, delivered
the last rites and helped to bury
contemporaries whose lives were cut
short.
Old Amplefordians would not be so
loyal to an institution if we felt it did
not deserve it.
paul de zulueta
London W11
Caf� culture
Sir, The Surrey caf� owner who
complained about a party of 17 that
stayed for three hours and paid only
� (News, Apr 5) need only travel to
Vienna. There he will see a coffee
house at almost every corner
happily serving customers who
often stay for hours at a time nursing
only a small cup of coffee and a glass
of water.
anthony werner
London SW5
Taken for a ride
Sir, Further to your letters on
hitchhiking (Apr 4 and 5), I was once
joined at a motorway junction by a
soldier in uniform. His sign read
?Military escort to Leeds?. He was
gone inside a minute.
paul clapham
Margate, Kent
Sir, Many years ago when I was a
serving officer I was endeavouring to
hitchhike back to my unit in
Germany. Car after car went past
with no indication of stopping. Seized
by an idea, I produced my monocle
and inserted it into my right eye. The
next car stopped.
peter nicholson
(Lieutenant-Commander ret?d)
London N6
the times | Friday April 6 2018
1G M
29
RM
Leading articles
Daily Universal Register
South Africa: Former president Jacob Zuma
faces corruption charges at the High Court
in Durban.
Nature notes
The first cuckoos
have been heard
calling, but there
are only a few
here as yet. The
British Trust for
Ornithology has
been satellite-tracking several cuckoos on
their migration journeys to and from Britain,
and at the beginning of April they all
appeared to be in West Africa still. The
traditional date for them to arrive is April 14.
We shall see (or hear). The folk song says
that the cuckoo ?is a pretty bird. She singeth
as she flies.? Actually it is the male who sings
or calls, but it is true that he often calls in
flight. The males, which are blueish-grey
birds not unlike a sparrowhawk with their
long tails, are generally the first to arrive.
The browner females soon follow. The males
have no territory, but just fly around trying
to attract mates and are not faithful
to them. DERWENT MAY
Birthdays today
Sir Sebastian Wood,
pictured, UK ambassador
to Germany, 57;
Sir Norman Adsetts,
chairman, SIG (1985-96),
87; Christopher Allsopp,
economist, 77; Julian
Anderson, composer,
Thebans (2015), 51; Duke of Atholl, 58;
Sir Paul Beresford, Conservative MP for
Mole Valley, 72; Rory Bremner, comedian,
Bremner, Bird and Fortune (1997-2008), 57;
Roger Cook, journalist, The Cook Report,
ITV (1985-97), 75; Prof Tanya Byron,
psychologist and broadcaster, The Skeleton
Cupboard (2014), 51; Sir David Calvert-Smith,
chairman, Parole Board of England and
Wales (2012-16), 73; Rt Rev David Conner,
dean of Windsor, 71; Patrick Doyle, film
composer, Henry V (1989), 65; Prof Sir Roy
Goode, emeritus professor of English Law,
University of Oxford, 85; Duke of Grafton,
40; Verdun Hayes, D-Day veteran and the
world?s oldest skydiver, 102; Very Rev
Dr Jane Hedges, dean of Norwich, 63;
Peter Hill, editor, Daily Express (2003-11), 73;
Barry Levinson, Oscar-winning film-maker,
Rain Man (1988), 76; Henry Mayr-Harting,
Norris-Hulse professor of divinity,
University of Cambridge, (1978-99), 82;
Duke of Montrose, 83; Clare Moriarty,
permanent secretary, Department for
Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, 55;
Dame Felicity Palmer, mezzo-soprano, 74;
Sir Keith Pearson, chairman, NHS Health
Education England, 71; Andr� Previn,
conductor and composer, 89; Pascal Rog�,
pianist, 67; Paul Rudd, actor, Clueless (1995),
49; Lt-Gen Patrick Sanders, commander,
Field Army, 52; Vice-Admiral Sir David
Steel, second sea lord and chief of naval
personnel (2012-15), 57; Anne-Marie
Trevelyan, Conservative MP for
Berwick-upon-Tweed, 49; Dilip Vengsarkar,
cricketer, India (1976-92), 62; Prof James
Watson, Nobel prizewinning geneticist,
(1962), 90; Lord Frederick Windsor, 39.
On this day
In 1830 the Mormon church was founded
by Joseph Smith at Fayette, New York;
in 1896 the first modern Olympic Games
began in Athens; in 1917 the US declared
war on Germany.
The last word
?Never believe governments, not any of them,
not a word they say; keep an untrusting eye
on all they do.? Martha Gellhorn, journalist,
A Stricken Field (1940).
War of Nerves
If Moscow wants to convince the world of its innocence it should open its chemical
weapons laboratories to inspection rather than wage a propaganda campaign
No amount of bluster from the Russian ambassador to London can disguise the fact that a British
citizen was attacked a month ago on the streets of
a cathedral city by a powerful nerve agent
developed by Moscow. The Kremlin demands
evidence, poses as the victim of western propaganda, yet does its utmost to obscure a trail leading
to possible perpetrators. At the very least it should
open up its research laboratories to the scrutiny of
inspectors whose mandate under the chemical
weapons convention is to check on states accused
of flouting the international ban.
Ben Wallace, the security minister, says on the
basis of intelligence received that Russia was
behind the Salisbury attack ?beyond reasonable
doubt?. The Porton Down research establishment
has confirmed that the weapon of choice was
drawn from the so-called novichok family of
nerve agents, created originally by the Soviet
authorities for use on the battlefield. One military
laboratory, the Shikhany research establishment
in central Russia, has been identified as a likely
place of manufacture. Moscow should provide
access to the base. Russia is a signatory to the
chemical weapons convention, which came into
effect in 1997, and knows its obligations.
The convention explicitly forbids the develop-
ment, production and stockpiling of chemical
weapons, their transfer to other countries or
bodies, their preparation for military use and the
encouragement of other states to breach the rules.
President Putin?s Russia officially completed its
disposal of large stocks of lewisite, sarin, soman
and VX toxic weapons last September. It has,
however, blocked condemnation of the Assad regime, which continues to use poison gas and nerve
agents against civilians. And it is far from clear that
it has, as it claims, abandoned novichok, which
according to one of its early developers can be
between five and eight times more potent than VX.
Russia, in other words, has a case to answer. It
should do so urgently. Instead it has tried unsuccessfully to rally support in the Organisation for
the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW),
which oversees the implementation of the convention, and the United Nations security council.
That follows a familiar pattern. When Russianbacked Ukrainian separatists shot down a civilian
airliner with a Russian-supplied missile in 2014,
killing 298 people, Moscow?s propaganda machine
launched a swarm of false explanations. Now it
attempts to lay the blame for the attempted killing
of the former Russian spy Sergei Skripal at the
door of the British secret services. Its most cynical
diversion is to pose the question: if novichok is so
lethal why did it fail to kill Mr Skripal and his
daughter? In fact the Russian authorities will be
familiar with the case of a Russian scientist who
was exposed to a novichok agent in a Moscow lab
in 1987. He recovered consciousness after ten days
but was permanently disabled because of lasting
nerve damage. The effects of novichok vary
according to the severity of the dose and the
manner of its delivery.
Further police investigation is needed in Britain
but it is chiefly up to Moscow to explain to the
OPCW what has really happened to its novichok
programme. An inspection team should establish
whether a secret extension of the supposedly
defunct Russian chemical weapons programme
has been masked as legitimate pesticide research,
whether testing of nerve agents has continued
outside the confines of the known research hubs
and whether former Soviet states maintain covert
scientific links with Moscow.
All this requires a joint intelligence effort with
other Nato partners. The combination of a chemical weapon and information warfare, designed to
sow doubt and division in the alliance, is toxic on
every level. As long as Moscow refuses to come
clean, it will be viewed as a state in quarantine.
Property Taxes
As wealth is hoarded by the over-60s it is time for a revaluation of council tax
Conscious that there was more of value in life
than mere money, the Cameron government
asked the Office for National Statistics (ONS) to
conduct an annual investigation into whether
Britain is a content or a lugubrious nation. The
figures that run up to December 2017 show us to
be a moderately happy bunch but the irony of the
report is that the most interesting section is,
indeed, about money, specifically the flow of
wealth through the property market.
The ONS report lays out this trend starkly.
Those aged 30-32 today have two thirds less in
property wealth (�,000) than their equivalents
of just a decade ago (�,000). The wealth of those
aged 60, by contrast, has increased by an average
of �200. Work conducted by The Times with
Savills Research shows that the over-50s now hold
more than three quarters of all housing wealth, to
a value of �8 trillion. People below the age of 35
own just 6 per cent of the value of the stock.
The recurrent promise of British politics has
been that every succeeding generation would do
better than the one that went before. A significant
component of that was the ability to buy your own
home. If that promise can no longer be reliably
redeemed then this is a social and political conundrum of the first order and the ONS figures show
that it is now really biting.
The concentration of wealth has a number of
causes. It begins with the British habit of treating
a home as somewhere to live and as simultaneously an asset class. The generation born at about the
time of the Second World War bought property
cheaply and has enjoyed a bonanza ever since.
That generation has grown old and, quite
understandably, rather than move to smaller
accommodation, has tended to hold on to its
property, which is then passed down to middleaged children.
Meanwhile, the growth in the number of single
households increased the demand for housing at
just the moment that construction slowed down.
Inflated land prices have given housebuilders an
incentive to build tomorrow rather than today.
Green belt restrictions have narrowed the space in
which they could build; brownfield sites are less
attractive because they are more expensive. The
state has more or less ceased to act as a house-
builder and has, instead, offered successive inducements to first-time buyers. Then vast reserves
of foreign capital have found their way into exclusive property portfolios, especially in London.
The upshot of all this demand chasing insufficient supply is that one lucky generation has
enjoyed a fabulous return. That is easy to say but
devilishly difficult to fix. No government wants to
discourage people from saving for their future or
helping their family. Most policy solutions, such as
a bigger sales tax on property and a mansion tax,
are unpopular as well as inefficient.
Yet something can be done. The need for more
houses and flats is obvious. The one other measure
is a long overdue revaluation of council tax. It is
remarkable that a local government election
campaign is being waged in which nobody has
mentioned it. Local taxation is paid in bands that
have not changed from valuations set in 1991 and
introduced in 1993. Property valuations have shot
up since then. The 2007 Lyons review implored
Labour to act but it refused to do so. If the government wants to improve the wellbeing of the
younger generations it could at least do that.
Wisdom of the Ancients
Scientists suggest that older people can grow as many new brain cells as the young
Do humans get more stupid as they get older? The
answer is encouraging for those approaching the
autumn of their lives. A new study in the journal
Cell Stem Cell suggests that elderly people may
retain their cognitive abilities to a greater extent
than previously thought. Researchers have
concluded that older people who are in good
health can grow just as many new brain cells as
younger people.
This matters. For all its vast expansion of human
knowledge, modern science remains at an early
stage in understanding the most complex of organs, the brain. Roughly the size and consistency
of a cauliflower, the average brain contains around
90 billion neurons that make some 100 trillion
connections or synapses. While the exact mechanisms of the mind remain to be discovered, its
building blocks are known. Scientists believe that
the firing of neurons within the brain produces the
stuff of thought and cognition.
This does not mean that anyone with a few grey
hairs can easily master ancient Sanskrit. The brain
expands in mass several times over between birth
and adulthood but this is due to the functioning of
the cells rather than an increase in their numbers.
Language acquisition is one area where cognitive
abilities differ starkly across generations. Whereas every normal child effortlessly becomes fluent
in complex grammatical constructions by the age
of three or four, adults find it frustratingly harder
to learn a new language.
Perhaps, as some scientists believe, the brain has
a ?language organ? that ceases to be effective in
maturity. Yet the cells need not be fewer in old age
than in youth. There is no reason that advanced
cognitive feats should defeat the silver-haired.
Whether in the form of newly earned degrees and
diplomas, or even just finishing the cryptic crossword at last, the life of the mind remains ever open.
30
2G M
Friday April 6 2018 | the times
World
Republicans fear storm
over Russia disclosures
United States
Rhys Blakely Washington
Republican leaders are battening down
the hatches as China targets Trump
voters with trade tariffs and the White
House faces more fallout from the
Russia investigation.
Mitch McConnell, the senior Republican in the Senate, has warned his
party that November?s midterm elections could carry the destructive force
of a tropical storm. ?The wind is going
to be in our face,? he said. ?We don?t
know whether it?s going to be a category three, four or five.?
The Republicans control the House
of Representatives and the Senate, but
midterm elections often punish the
White House incumbent. In 1994
voters offered a withering assessment
of President Clinton?s chaotic first two
years in office: his opponents captured
the House, Senate and a majority of
state governorships in what came to be
known as the Republican Revolution.
In 2010 the Tea Party movement, angered by the passage of the Affordable
Care Act, handed President Obama
what he later labelled a shellacking.
Clouds could be gathering again. The
US stock market has lost ground this
year as Mr Trump?s aggressive stance
on trade rattles investors and
unnerves free-trader Republicans. His party is
reeling from the loss off
previously safe congressional seats, most recentlyy
in blue-collar Pennsylvania,
and a record 36 Republicans
n
will not seek re-election in
the House in the autumn.
This week Scott Walker,
the Republican governor of Wisconsin, said
President Trump?s
aggressive stance
on trade has rattled
American investors
Behind the story
W
ealthy
Russians
travelling
to the US
are being questioned
over alleged collusion
between the Kremlin
and the Trump
presidential campaign
(Boer Deng writes).
After landing in his
private jet in New
York, one Russian
businessman, who has
not been named, had
his electronic devices
searched by
investigators working
for Robert Mueller,
the special counsel
leading the
independent
investigation, who
have widened their
inquiry to include
rich individuals.
Another Russian
was stopped on a
recent trip to the US
and a third
has been given a
request for interview
from lawyers working
for Mr Mueller,
according to CNN.
The Russians are
said to be of interest
because Mr Mueller is
looking into whether
foreign nationals
illegally donated or
funnelled money to
the Trump campaign.
Knowingly accepting
cash or contributions
from foreign sources
would be a breach of
campaign finance
laws, punishable by
prison terms.
Although scrutiny
has fallen mostly on
Russia, Mr Mueller?s
investigation has
broadened to examine
links to Israel,
Ukraine and the
United Arab Emirates.
Alex van der
Zwaan, a Dutch
tthat his colleagues faced
a potentially devastating
Democratic
?wave?.
Early polling from
Tennessee provided
another scare yesterday, showing
the Republican
Senate candid
date
trailing her
D
Democratic
rival
b ten percentage
by
p
points.
A Democrat
h not won a Senate
has
seat in the state since
the 1980s. Larry Kud-
lawyer who lives in
London, this week
became the first
person jailed as part
of the investigation
after admitting lying
to federal agents. His
father-in-law, German
Khan, is a RussianUkrainian billionaire.
Several high-profile
targets in the
investigation,
including Michael
Flynn, President
Trump?s former
national security
adviser; George
Papadopoulos, who
was an informal
adviser to the
presidential
campaign; and Rick
Gates, a consultant
who helped to run the
campaign, have
co-operated with the
investigation after
pleading guilty to
various charges.
low, the White House economics adviser, tried to calm Wall Street on Tuesday.
Mr Trump?s threats to impose tariffs on
Chinese electronics, machinery and
aerospace products worth as much as
$60 billion may be no more than a
negotiating gambit, he suggested.
?None of the tariffs has been put in
place yet,? he told Bloomberg. ?There?s
at least two months before any actions
are taken.? In another interview he
added: ?I believe that the Chinese will
back down and play ball.?
China has outlined a potential counterstrike that would include tariffs on
$50 billion worth of US goods, calibrat-
ed to hit Trump voters and Republican
members of Congress. The plans include import duties on tobacco, a key
crop for the swing state of North Carolina, and tariffs on orange juice, which
would hurt citrus farmers in Florida,
another electoral battleground. Penalties on agricultural products such as US
soya beans and corn would hit rural
voters, whose support was critical for Mr
Trump in 2016. Beijing could also make
US cars more expensive for Chinese
consumers; a potential blow to manufacturers across the Midwest rust belt ?
a region Mr Trump vowed to rejuvenate.
Last night Mr Trump threatened to
increase trade penalties on China by
putting tariffs on $100 billion of imports. He said that the move was in response to Beijing?s ?unfair retaliation?.
He added: ?Rather than remedy its misconduct, China has chosen to harm our
farmers and manufacturers.?
On the home front, Mr Trump?s lawyers are braced for Robert Mueller?s
special counsel report on Russian
efforts to meddle in the US election,
and on whether the president tried to
obstruct justice. Legal experts have said
the fact that Mr Mueller is considering
producing a written report may indicate that he has decided that he does
not have the power to bring criminal
charges against a sitting president.
He would provide the report to Rod
Rosenstein, the deputy attorneygeneral who is overseeing the Russia
inquiry and who would decide whether
to make it public. It is far from certain
that it would be released: it could
contain information from grand jury
sessions, which is often kept secret.
6 Mr Trump said last night that he had
not known about a $130,000 payment
made by his lawyer to a porn star with
whom he is alleged to have had an
affair. Asked why Michael Cohen made
the payment weeks before the 2016
election, Mr Trump said: ?You?ll have to
ask Michael.?
China lodges tariffs complaint, page 37
Supporters of Luiz In醕io Lula da Silva
Google workers declare war on AI drone project
Rhys Blakely Washington
Workers at Google are protesting
against the technology company?s involvement in a US defence department
programme that will use artificial intelligence to carry out drone strikes and
other military operations.
More than 3,000 employees of the
Silicon Valley company have signed a
letter to Sundar Pichai, their chief executive, about its work on Project Maven,
a programme designed to rapidly
accelerate the US military?s use of artificial intelligence, or AI, on the battlefield. ?We believe that Google should
not be in the business of war,? the letter
says.
It requests that Google, which employs 70,000 people, end its involvement in the project, arguing that it
betrays the company?s ?Don?t be evil?
mantra. ?The argument that other
firms, like Microsoft and Amazon, are
also participating doesn?t make this any
less risky for Google,? the letter says.
?Google?s unique history, its motto and
its direct reach into the lives of billions
of users set it apart.?
The workers? reaction follows broader shifts in the relationships between
America?s technology giants, its military and its political leaders. Mark
Zuckerberg, the Facebook founder, will
testify before Congress next week to
explain the social media giant?s privacy
policies and its response to Russian efforts to harness his company as a weapon of information warfare.
A contrite Mr Zuckerberg said this
week that Facebook had made a ?huge
mistake? by not taking steps earlier to
police how its services were used.
Meanwhile, the use of artificial intelli-
gence on conventional battlefields its
raising new ethical questions. The
potential consequences of unleashing
autonomous fighting machines have
long been pondered by science fiction
writers. As China and America compete in the field of AI, those debates
are acquiring a new edge.
A report published last year by
the Belfer Center for Science and
International Affairs at Harvard
university urged the American
government to strike new international treaties to limit the
use of AI. The scheme in
which Google is involved, Project Maven,
is part of the US deSundar Pichai has been
reminded of Google?s
motto: ?Don?t be evil?
fence department?s ambition to ?win
wars with computer algorithms and artificial intelligence?. Military chiefs
have said that Maven has been designed to be the ?spark that kindles the
flame front of artificial intelligence
across the rest of the defence
department?.
The programme?s main focus
appears to be on the gargantuan
task of analysing the footage captured by America?s vast fleet
of drones.
Technologies developed through Project
Maven are understood
to have been deployed
in the fight against Isis.
The department said
that computer algorithms
developed
under Project Maven would
be used in war zones, to analyse drone
footage, before the end of last year.
People and computers would ?work
symbiotically to increase the ability of
weapon systems to detect objects?, it
said.
Google has said that its work on
Project Maven involves ?non-offensive
purposes?.
It added: ?The technology is used to
flag images for human review and is
intended to save lives and save people
from having to do highly tedious
work . . . Any military use of machine
learning naturally raises valid concerns. We?re actively engaged across
the company in a comprehensive discussion of this important topic.?
The US defence department spent
$7.4 billion on artificial intelligencerelated areas last year, according to The
Wall Street Journal.
the times | Friday April 6 2018
31
2G M
Five Star shut the door on
coalition with Berlusconi
Page 33
Duterte closes ?cesspool?
tourist beach for 6 months
Page 35
FERNANDO BIZERRA JR./EPA
Judge issues arrest warrant
for Brazil?s ex-president Lula
A
judge has
issued an
arrest
warrant for
Luiz In醕io
Lula da Silva, the
former Brazilian
president, after the
country?s supreme
court ruled that he
should go to jail
pending further
appeals against his
conviction for
corruption (Stephen
Gibbs writes).
The federal judge
S閞gio Moro gave Mr
Da Silva 24 hours to
present himself to
police in the southern
city of Curitiba.
The decision is
likely to end Mr Da
Silva?s political career.
He had hoped to run
again for president in
October and was
leading in the polls
despite his conviction
for accepting a bribe
and six pending
corruption cases.
Mr Da Silva, 72,
known as Lula, claims
that the charges are
political. His Workers?
Party said last night
that the ruling was a
?tragic day for
democracy?. One of
his lawyers, Cristiano
Zanin Martins, said:
?The right to a fair
trial is a basic human
right which has been
denied to Lula.?
The supreme court
deliberated for ten
hours, watched by
millions on television,
before the 6-5 vote. As
the verdict was given,
celebratory fireworks
were launched over
Sao Paulo and Rio de
Janeiro. Protests in
Analysis
By January 1, Luiz
In醕io Lula da Silva
will be in jail or
back in the
presidential palace
in Brasilia (Stephen
Gibbs writes).
Brazil?s legal
system is
labyrinthine, but if
he is not given an
exception to a ban
on those whose
convictions are
upheld on appeal
running for office,
he could still play a
part in the election?s
outcome. He is the
most influential
politician in Brazil?s
recent history ?
Barack Obama once
called him ?the
world?s most
popular president?
? and an
endorsement would
bolster his Workers?
Party replacement.
But they would be
unlikely to pick up
his support of 36
per cent of voters.
support of Mr Da Silva
are expected in the
coming days.
Hours before the
decision, the head of
the Brazilian army
appeared to encourage
the court to imprison
Mr Da Silva. General
Eduardo Villas B鬭s
wrote: ?It?s worth
asking our institutions
and the people, ?who
are really thinking
about what is best for
the country and future
generations, and who
are only worried about
their personal
interests?? ?
Mr Da Silva, a
former factory worker
who was Brazil?s first
working-class
president, in 2003-11,
was credited with
lifting millions out of
poverty. He left office
with record approval
ratings. He was,
however, dragged
down by a corruption
scandal that engulfed
many politicians.
Last year he was
convicted of receiving
a seaside apartment as
a bribe from a
construction company
and sentenced to 12
years in jail. His
lawyers had asked the
supreme court to rule
that he should not be
jailed until two further
appeals were heard.
There remains a
slim chance that he
could stand in the
election. Candidates
can register until
August 15. Under
Brazil?s ?clean slate?
law, which he once
supported, no one
convicted of a
criminal offence that
is upheld on appeal
can run for office for
at least eight years.
There have been
exceptions, and the
electoral court may
grant one to him.
If not, the election is
wide open. President
Temer, who has an
87 per cent disapproval
rating, is not expected
to stand. The far-right
congressman Jair
Bolsonaro leads some
polls in scenarios
where Mr Da Silva
does not stand.
follow televised proceedings as the supreme court deliberated whether he should be jailed pending his corruption appeal
Four mistresses ?attack their Turkish academics killed on campus
cheating lover with scissors?
Hannah Lucinda Smith
Istanbul
France
Adam Sage Paris
Four women have been charged with
assaulting a man who was dating all of
them while letting each believe that she
was the love of his life.
The four joined forces after discovering his lies and went to his flat in Sathonay-Camp, Lyons, and attacked him, it
is alleged. Police said that he was insulted, slapped, threatened with a pair of
scissors and hit over the head with a
vase before he managed to alert the
emergency services.
The news channel LCI said that without police intervention ?the irreparable
might have occurred?. The women
were arrested two days later and accused of attacking the man, 27, and of
taking back gifts they had given him,
including clothes and a mobile phone.
All four will stand trial in September
on charges of committing violence as
part of a group and theft.
The man, who has not been named,
was taken to hospital and treated for
minor injuries. Police said that he was
not only having four simultaneous
affairs, but also a series of one-night
stands with women he met online.
The four made contact on websites
after realising that they had been cheated on, and arranged to meet outside his
flat on March 27, police said.
Le Progr鑣 local newspaper said the
women had organised a ?veritable vendetta?, but the victim won little sympathy in most of the French media, which
thought he had got what he deserved.
Four Turkish university staff have been
shot dead by a ?disturbed? research
assistant in central Turkey.
The attacker, Volkan Bayar, 37, was
described by staff and students at
Eskisehir Osmangazi University of
being of disturbed mind in recent
weeks. He had been accusing them of
having links to the Gulenists, the group
that President Erdogan claims
launched the coup attempt in July 2016.
Bayar opened fire with a handgun in
classrooms on the second floor of a
building on the university campus at
about 3pm local time yesterday. There
was panic across the campus as the
shots rang out, with students and staff
fleeing their classes.
The victims have been named as
Mikail Yalc?n, the deputy dean; Fatih
Ozmutlu, a faculty secretary; Yasir
Armagan, a research assistant; and Serdar Kalak, a lecturer; all of whom the
gunman appeared to have targeted specifically. Three others were wounded.
The attacker was detained after
initially trying to flee the scene, the
Dogan news agency said. He has since
been taken into custody.
Ayse Apay, an associate at the faculty
of education where the shooting took
place, said that she had reported Bayar?s
behaviour to the higher education
council but it had failed to take any
action.
?We petitioned many times and they
did not even process them,? an
emotional Dr Apay told journalists at
the scene. ?It cost four lives. My husband was dismissed from duty after
Volkan Bayar?s accusations. He stayed
in prison for five and a half months.?
Academics have been hard hit in Mr
Erdogan?s post-coup-attempt crackdown, with more than 8,000 fired from
their jobs. Overall more than 150,000
public sector workers have been dismissed after being accused of having
links to the Gulenists.
Hasan Gonen, rector of Eskisehir
university, said that Bayar, who was
studying for a PhD, had filed a formal
complaint against staff members he
believed to be Gulenists. An internal
investigation concluded that his allegations were unfounded.
?The dean was probably his target.
There may have been verbal discussions with the dean before but we are
uncertain about that,? Mr Gonen
added. ?We are launching an investigation into the researcher. He was a
problematic person. I believe that he
targeted the personnel as a result of
psychological problems.?
Old ally denounces Erdogan, page 32
32
2G M
Friday April 6 2018 | the times
World
TONY KARUMBA/AFP/GETTY
200 mile
m s
Egypt editor
held after voter
bribery story
Arabian
plate
African plate
(Nubian)
Gre
at
Rif
tV
all
ey
ET
THIO
OPIA
OP
IA
Egypt
SOMALI
SOM
ALIA
IA
IA
Bel Trew
KENYA
KEN
Na r bi
Nairob
Nai
Na
bi
Mai Mahiu
TANZAN
TAN
NZ
ZANIA
IA
Indian
Ocean
African
plate
(Somali)
Crack in the
earth drives
Kenyans
from homes
A
rapidly widening
chasm that
suddenly
appeared in the
Rift Valley in
Kenya has swallowed cars,
split a major road and
forced villagers to leave
their homes (Harriet Salem
The crack ripped apart roads and homes. Similar seismic activity is thought to have split South America from Africa 138 million years ago
writes). Experts said that
the fissure, which stretches
for several miles, was
evidence that Africa is
slowly splitting in two.
Several houses have been
reduced to rubble by the
crevice, which appeared
after heavy rains. Traffic on
a highway connecting
Nairobi, the capital, to
Narok, a commercial
centre, was halted after the
road was ripped in half.
A ?superplume?, a section
of the earth?s mantle ? the
mostly solid bulk between
the thin outer crust and its
E X C L U S I V E R E WA R D S F O R S U B S C R I B E R S
super-heated core ? that
carries heat to the surface,
is thought to have caused
the crust to thin and sink. It
may eventually force the
continent to split in two,
with parts of Kenya,
Tanzania, Ethiopia and all
of Somalia becoming
Erdogan?s Turkey ?has
become a dictatorship?
Turkey
Hannah Lucinda Smith Istanbul
The legacy of the British
Empire with Ben Macintyre
Discuss the British Empire with Times columnist and author
Ben Macintyre on Tuesday, May 8 and analyse if it was a force
for good or for evil. Joined by a panel of expert historians, they
will debate the real meaning of the British Empire.
One of President Erdogan?s former
allies has said that Turkey is turning
into a Middle Eastern dictatorship
akin to the Baathist regime of
President Assad.
Abdullatif Sener, a founder alongside Mr Erdogan of the ruling AK
Party (AKP) in the late 1990s, told the
opposition newspaper Cumhuriyet
that the president?s win in last year?s
constitutional referendum had set
the country on a path towards
authoritarianism by allowing him to
switch from a parliamentary system
to an executive presidency, potentially putting him in power until 2029.
?It is no longer a democratic regime,? Mr Sener said. ?It is evolving
towards a regime similar to others in
the Middle East. Turkey does not deserve this. It must be corrected.?
Mr Sener left the party in 2007 and
has become increasingly critical of
both it and Mr Erdogan. Nonetheless, the AKP is the most successful
party in the history of the Turkish republic, having stayed in power since
winning its first election in 2002.
Despite its Islamist roots it man-
This Times+ event is open to UK subscribers only. For full terms and conditions, visit mytimesplus.co.uk
aged to build a broad support base including liberals and Kurds in its early
years, due to its opposition to the stiff
control that the military wielded over
politics. Mr Erdogan ushered in a
wave of liberalising reforms and
looked set to take Turkey into the EU
but in recent years he has tightened
his grip over the party and turned it
away from Europe and democracy.
With the army decimated and the opposition weak and fragmented, there
are now few brakes on his power.
Almost all of his early political
allies have turned against him, leaving the country deeply polarised. ?In
the earlier years Erdogan was one
among many important people in the
system,? one western diplomat said.
?He was more equal than anybody
else but there were other players who
argued with him, which played roles
in policy issues, who would say different things to foreign visitors to what
was the party?s line. Now you ask
questions to secondary figures and
the answer is that you have to talk to
the boss.?
The new system, which gives the
president the power to appoint all
ministers and two thirds of the constitutional council, and to dismiss
parliament and declare a state of
emergency, will be fully implemented
after presidential elections in November 2019. There is speculation
that they will be called early, however, as Mr Erdogan rides the wave of
the nationalist fervour he is stoking
with his recent campaign against
Kurdish militants in northern Syria.
?It is political gold dust for Erdogan,? said Max Hoffman, an analyst
at the Centre for American Progress.
The secularist opposition is scrabbling to find candidates with a broad
enough appeal to take on Mr Erdogan.
There are rumours that Abdullah Gul,
another AKP grandee, and president
from 2007 to 2014, might stand as a
candidate for the fringe Felicity Party.
If so, he could mount a serious challenge. He is an experienced statesman
with a moderate Islamist world view
who is well known and liked both
within and outside Turkey.
Etyen Mahcupyan, a former adviser
to Ahmet Davutoglu, the previous
prime minister, said: ?If there is a candidate that [the Muslims] can trust,
they might give him their vote. I would
say it is a 50-50 thing: I am not sure that
Gul can win. But even if he loses, it will
not be the same Turkey any more.?
Saudis to open first cinema in 35 years
Saudi Arabia
Bel Trew
Book tickets today at mytimesplus.co.uk
completely separate from
the rest of Africa. The
fissure is a reminder that
the 3,700-mile Rift Valley,
from Zimbabwe to the Gulf
of Aden, is on unstable
ground and the result of
seismic shifts that began up
to 25 million years ago.
Egyptian police have raided the offices of a news website and arrested its
editor-in-chief after it was fined for
republishing a New York Times story
about the bribing of voters in the
presidential elections.
Prosecutors questioned Adel Sabri,
head of the Cairo-based Masr alArabia, on Wednesday for not having
a proper licence to operate, officials
said. The offices of the website were
sealed shut.
Masr al-Arabia is one of about 500
websites that have been blocked in
Egypt recently. It had been fined
more than �000 for posting an
Arabic translation of the New York
Times report, which said that voters
were offered money, food and better
services for their participation in the
election, in which President Sisi won
a second term with 97 per cent of the
votes and a turnout of 41 per cent. The
regulator called this false news.
Bel Trew was The Times? correspondent in Cairo. She has been
expelled for no good reason.
Saudi Arabia will open its first cinema
in 35 years this month as part of
reforms ending decades of restrictions imposed by powerful clerics.
The theatre will open on April 18 in
Riyadh. It was built by the Chineseowned company AMC Entertainment Holdings, which will also build
40 cinemas in 15 cities over the next
five years. Unlike Saudi Arabia?s stadiums and conference halls, it will not
be segregated by gender. The first
screening is expected to be the superhero film Black Panther.
Saudi Arabia closed all cinemas in
the 1980s amid an Islamic revival
movement that had begun a decade
earlier. Music shops were also closed,
the school curriculum changed and
strict gender segregation enforced.
Relaxing these restrictions is part
of a socioeconomic plan by Crown
Prince Mohammed bin Salman, 32,
who has also abolished a ban on
women drivers. The prince?s manifesto, Vision 2030, aims to modernise
Saudi Arabia, helping it to reduce its
economy?s dependency on oil by
growing other sectors such as tourism. AMC said that the country would
open nearly 350 cinemas by 2030.
In January Saudi Arabia held a test
run, screening the children?s film The
Emoji Movie in a makeshift cinema in
Jeddah, a port city on the Red Sea.
The prince has been praised for his
reforms but has faced criticism for
leading a bombing campaign in
Yemen against the Houthi rebels.
Nearly 10,000 people have been
killed since a Saudi-led coalition
joined the conflict in 2015.
the times | Friday April 6 2018
33
2G M
World
Five Star: we want a coalition
but will not talk to Berlusconi
ALESSANDRO BIANCHI/REUTERS
Italy
Philip Willan Rome
The leader of Italy?s Five Star Movement is ready to hold coalition talks
with the largest parties but says that he
will not do a deal with Silvio Berlusconi.
?We are a political force that is neither of the right nor of the left,? Luigi Di
Maio said yesterday after a 45-minute
meeting with the Italian president.
He declared that his party, which
emerged from last month?s general
election with the biggest share of the
vote, was ready to hold direct talks with
Matteo Salvini of the anti-immigrant
League and Maurizio Martina of the
centre-left Democratic Party to discuss
a German-style coalition contract.
The anti-establishment Five Star,
which swept the board in Italy?s economically backward south, has identified corruption, poverty, taxes, bureaucracy, immigration and unemployment
as the country?s key challenges.
Mr Di Maio was at pains to reassure
international observers that Italy
would remain true to its traditional
positions on foreign policy and Europe.
Mr Salvini, whose right-wing League
took 17 per cent of the vote, has already
confirmed his willingness to put his personal ambitions on hold to establish a
coalition capable of governing. ?Many
people are saying no. We offered yesses
to the president of the republic,? he said
after talks with Sergio Mattarella. ?If
everyone remains immobile on their
issues, on their personal whims, the government will not be born and the only
solution is fresh elections.?
Mr Di Maio had previously sought to
divide potential partners, insisting that
the role of prime minister should fall to
him as leader of the largest party, with
32 per cent of the vote. He was prepared
to accept the backing of the centreright, but without Silvio Berlusconi?s
Forza Italia, and votes from the centreleft Democratic Party, but without its
humiliated former leader, Matteo
Renzi.
Yesterday he said that the centre
right was already divided and acknowledged that he needed the whole of the
Democratic Party, including Mr Renzi?s
loyalists, if he was to achieve a parliamentary majority.
Mr Berlusconi, for his part, indicated
he had not changed his opinion of the
Five Star Movement: that it was a threat
to the wellbeing of the country. ?We are
not open to government solutions in
which envy and social hatred, poverty
Switzerland
Ben Clatworthy
Silvio Berlusconi says that Five Star?s policies would increase unemployment and taxes and drive businesses out of Italy
politics and judicial witch-hunts are the
cornerstone,? he said after meeting Mr
Mattarella in the presidential Quirinal
Palace. ?Such a government would put
our country in grave difficulty in
Europe and would ignite a recessive
spiral of growing unemployment, high
taxes and a flight of businesses and
capital.?
The Democratic Party, which saw its
share of the vote shrink from 40 per
cent to 18 per cent under Mr Renzi,
insisted that it was unwilling to enter a coalition with the election
winners. ?The negative election
result does not allow us to formulate government solutions
that include us,? Maurizio
Martina, the acting secretary, told reporters
after his meeting with
the president. It was
time the victors came
out of campaign mode and got to grips
with reality, he added.
The policies and electoral bases of
Five Star and the League are widely
divergent, with the League offering tax
cuts to small businessmen in the
wealthy north and Five Star touting a
?citizen?s salary? for the poor in the depressed south.
Armando Siri, a League senator and
economic adviser to Mr Salvini,
said that progress had been made
in finding common ground on
policies but Mr Di Maio had to
take a step back on the premiership and his veto of Mr Berlusconi. ?We?re open to what Five
Star calls a citizen?s income,
as long as it?s not welfarism,? Mr Siri told
Luigi Di Maio: Five Star
is neither left nor right
Germany frees Puigdemont on bail
Germany
David Charter Berlin
Graham Keeley Madrid
A German court yesterday ordered the
release of the Catalan separatist Carles
Puigdemont on bail of ?75,000 after
rejecting Spain?s main grounds for his
extradition.
The higher regional court in Schleswig said that Mr Puigdemont, 55, could
not be sent to Madrid on the charge of
rebellion but that it was still considering the lesser accusation of misuse of
public funds. However, this charge was
not sufficient to keep the exiled leader
behind bars, the court ruled, and he
could be released on bail while it continued to weigh the extradition request.
Mr Puigdemont is Spain?s most
wanted man after fleeing the country in
October to live in Belgium to avoid
Ski lifts at
Swiss resort
closed by row
over funding
rebellion charges that carry a penalty of
up to 30 years in jail. He was caught on
March 25 by German police acting on a
European arrest warrant as he travelled
back from a meeting in Finland.
Since then he has been held in a
detention centre in Neum黱ster, 40
miles north of Hamburg. His lawyers
challenged both his detention and the
grounds of extradition and vowed to
take the case to Germany?s constitutional court if necessary.
Spain accused the Catalan separatist
of rebellion, defying the state and embezzling public funds after he organised
an unsanctioned independence referendum. The court said that he could not
be extradited on the main charge of
rebellion because the comparable
German charge of treason specified
?violence?, which was absent from the
Spanish accusation. In its ruling yester-
day granting bail, the regional court
stated: ?There is a risk of flight but since
extradition on rebellion charges is
impermissible, the risk of flight is substantially lessened.?
Mr Puigdemont, who will be released
today, tweeted last night: ?See you
tomorrow. Thank you very much to
everybody!?
The ruling is a major blow to the
Spanish government but a spokesman
said it would respect the judgment.
The European arrest warrant was
issued by a Spanish judge while Mr
Puigdemont was in Finland. He had
initially intended to fly back to Brussels
but instead decided to go by road,
unaware that his car had been fitted
with a tracking device by the Spanish
authorities. He was arrested in Jagel, 20
miles inside Germany, soon after crossing the border.
Bloomberg. ?We see a temporary form
of income that helps people find work.?
Domenico De Masi, a sociology professor who has been advising Five Star,
was less optimistic. ?The situation is very
complicated,? he said. ?Even with a
Roosevelt, a Churchill, a De Gaulle or an
Adenauer, it would be difficult to reach a
solution. And there are no leaders of that
stature on the scene today.?
Professor De Masi said he expected a
cobbled-together compromise with the
purpose of changing the electoral law
and a new vote, possibly coinciding
with European elections next year.
Corriere della Sera predicted yesterday that Five Star and the League would
come to a deal after regional elections at
the end of April. The vote in the northeast and in the southern region of Molise
was expected to confirm their
dominance and make it easier to impose
a solution on smaller allies, it said.
It is perhaps the busiest week of the skiing season, but at one of Switzerland?s
most prestigious resorts the lifts are
closed and the pistes deserted.
Tourists in Crans-Montana, in the
Valais canton, awoke on Wednesday to
be told that the ski lifts would be closed
for the foreseeable future as a longrunning dispute between the resident
lift company and the local commune
came to a head.
Philippe Magistretti, president of the
Crans-Montana Aminona (CMA) lift
company, is at loggerheads with the
council over plans for it to contribute to
the annual running costs of the resort,
forcing him, he said, to pull the plug on
operations. In September plans were
drawn up for the municipalities of
Crans Montana, Icogne and Lens to
contribute almost �0,000 a year to
help to cover the resort?s costs. A deal
was brokered with Icogne and Lens but
the ski lift operator has failed to reach
an agreement with the Crans-Montana
commune.
?It is time to denounce the behaviour
of those who harm our community and
our business,? Mr Magistretti said in an
open letter. ?We have taken the only
rational decision necessary: to close.?
The Easter fortnight, when school
holidays across Europe coincide, is one
of the most important periods for
Alpine resorts. Crans-Montana, a popular destination with British skiers, has
more than 90 miles of slopes and 28
lifts. The pistes, said to be in excellent
condition, were not scheduled to close
until April 17.
Bruno Huggler, director of the local
tourist office, said that he was dismayed
by Mr Magistretti?s decision. ?CransMontana?s clients are being held hostage to a conflict that doesn?t concern
them,? he said.
He added that the tourist office had
arranged shuttle buses to the Anz鑢e
resort, a 30-minute drive from CransMontana, but with only 35 miles of
slopes there, long lift queues and overcrowded slopes were expected.
Negotiations were continuing yesterday at a conference in nearby Sion,
moderated by Christophe Darbellay,
head of the department of economics
and training in the Valais canton. Holidaymakers will receive a refund on lift
passes for the days the resort is closed.
Hollande minister arrested
over ?drunken racial abuse?
Charles Bremner Paris
A former French cabinet minister delighted satirists yesterday when he was
arrested after being thrown out of a
Paris bar while allegedly drunk.
Jean-Vincent Plac�, 50, who also led
the Green Party in the senate, had
allegedly offered a woman aged 18
money to dance for him, and racially
abused the doorman who ejected him.
Mr Plac� has long been ridiculed for
his self-importance and the desperation with which he pursued his place in
President Hollande?s cabinet, which he
won in 2016 and held until last May.
Mr Plac� was drinking at 2am with a
member of the senate. He allegedly insulted the woman for refusing to dance.
When asked to leave he told the doorman: ?I?m going to send you back to
Africa?, witnesses said. He was arrested,
found to have five times the legal limit
of alcohol in his system, and charged
with insulting an officer, making racist
insults and violence under the influence of alcohol.
Mr Plac�, who failed to win a nomination for re-election to the senate last
year, was still sobering up when the
story broke. Jokes abounded on Twitter: ?What won?t Jean-Vincent Plac� do
to get back into politics?? one user said.
?Now he?s had himself arrested to be
like Sarkozy.? Nicolas Sarkozy, the
former president, was held for two days
last month over allegations he received
money from Colonel Gaddafi of Libya.
34
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Friday April 6 2018 | the times
World
CONOR MOORE/MEDIA DRUM WORLD
Mentally ill
man shot dead
for pointing a
pipe at police
United States
Will Pavia New York
A black man brandishing a metal pipe
was shot dead by police officers in
Brooklyn on an afternoon when civil
rights leaders were meeting to mark the
50th anniversary of the killing of
Martin Luther King.
Saheed Vassell, 34, who was said to
suffer ?a profound mental health problem?, had been seen holding the pipe
like a pistol and pointing it at pedestrians and people waiting at a bus stop on
Wednesday afternoon.
Members of the public called the
police to report a man ?pointing what
Saheed Vassell brandished the pipe
like a gun, members of the public said
was described as a silver firearm at
people on the street?, said Terrence
Monahan, a senior officer in the New
York police department. When three
plain-clothes officers and one uniformed police officer arrived to apprehend him he ?took a two-handed
shooting stance? and ?pointed an object at the approaching officers?. The
officers fired ten shots, striking him
several times.
Mr Monahan emphasised that the
officers had not been responding to a
call about a mentally disturbed person
but had been summoned to deal with a
man who seemed to be brandishing a
gun, and who turned to point it at them.
However, one witness said the officers had jumped from a car and opened
fire without shouting a warning.
Mr Vassell?s father, Eric, said that his
son had a bipolar disorder but had
refused treatment for years. ?There
must be a way to save this person rather
than to kill them,? he told the New York
Post.
The shooting of another unarmed
black man, coming on the anniversary
of the King assassination, prompted
protests at the scene. ?The victims are
almost never white,? wrote Leonard
Greene, a columnist for the Daily News.
?We understand that cops make split
second decision. Still it boggles the
mind that mass murderers like Dylann
Roof, who shot and killed nine people at
a church in Charleston, South Carolina
in 2015, or Nikolas Cruz, who murdered
17 people in a Florida school rampage in
February, can be arrested without a
scratch, yet a man who pointed a pipe
on a street corner is dead.?
Mr Vassell was born in Jamaica and
grew up in Brooklyn. He was said to
have worked as a welder and was the
father of a 15-year-old boy. He did odd
jobs in the neighbourhood where he
lived and was sometimes seen begging
for money in a Subway station. He was
also said to have a habit of picking
things up off the street and playing with
them as if they were toys.
John Fuller, 59, a local resident, said
that Mr Vassell was a familiar face to
police officers in the immediate area.
?Every cop in this neighbourhood
knows him,? he told The New York
Times. The newspaper reported that
Mr Vassell had been arrested before
and had been classified by police as
emotionally disturbed.
Bill de Blasio, the New York mayor,
said yesterday that the death of Mr
Vassell was ?a tragedy beyond measure? but added that the officers involved had been unaware of the possible mental illness of the man they
rushed to confront after reports of a
gunman on the street.
He said that the emergency calls
made by members of the public reporting Mr Vassell?s erratic behaviour
would be made public with any video
footage of the incident.
Eric Schneiderman, the New York
attorney-general, has opened an investigation into the killing. He said that
he was committed to ?an independent,
comprehensive and fair investigation?.
French strikes could
spread to other sectors
Paris A stand-off between the
French government and trade
unions could escalate to become
a nationwide protest against
President Macron?s reforms,
Jean-Claude Mailly, head of the
trade union confederation Force
Ouvri鑢e, said. The dispute is
over reforms to the state rail
company SNCF, and two-day
strikes are set to take place every
five days for three months. Unlike
last year?s piecemeal fight against
Mr Macron?s proposed reforms,
Mr Mailly said that union
opposition was increasingly
aligning, and that ?the slightest
spark can set off a fire?. Tensions
are also growing in conflicts
involving nursing home workers,
rubbish collectors, university
reform, job losses at the
Carrefour supermarket chain and
Air France pilots? wages. (Reuters)
Duterte attacks Burma
Manila President Duterte has said
that the Philippines is willing to
accept Rohingya refugees fleeing
what he called genocide in
Burma, and that Europe should
too. About 700,000 Rohingya
have escaped to Bangladesh since
the Burmese military began a
campaign last August against
what it claimed were terrorists. It
denies ?ethnic cleansing?. Burma
and the Philippines are part of a
southeast Asian alliance that has
a convention against criticising
members, making comments such
as Mr Duterte?s rare. (Reuters)
Jewish group?s threat
Clinging on Life is tenacious on SS City of Adelaide, a British steam ship launched
in 1863 which was run aground in Cockle Bay, Queensland, in 1916. Mangrove
trees that thrive where salt and fresh water mix have colonised the rusting hull
Hotel forgives guest who
trashed room with seagulls
Canada
Will Pavia
A man who was banned from a seafront
hotel in British Columbia after gulls
wrecked his room has been allowed
back 18 years on after offering a convoluted explanation.
Nick Burchill, from Halifax, Nova
Scotia, had travelled to the Empress
hotel in Victoria where his company was
holding a conference. He was in the
Canadian Naval Reserve and had
brought a suitcase filled with Brothers
Pepperoni, a Halifax delicacy, to give
comrades stationed in Victoria. The case
was misplaced by the airline, Mr Burchill
said in a long Facebook apology.
When it arrived at the hotel, a day
later, he thought it ought to be placed
somewhere cool, and laid out the sausages on a table by one of the sea-facing
windows before going out for a walk. He
returned five hours later ?to find a flock
of seagulls in my room?, he wrote.
?There must have been 40 of them and
they had been in my room eating the
pepperoni for a long time.?
The sausage did not seem to agree
with them.?The room was covered in
seagull crap,? he admitted. His apology
has been accepted by the Empress.
Gotcha: drug officer tells how he caught El Chapo
Mexico
Will Pavia
After three years on the trail of Mexico?s
most notorious drug lord, Drew Hogan
finally came face to face with El Chapo.
Mexican marines had just stormed a
hotel suite in the city of Mazatl醤 and
as Mr Hogan drove into the garage
beneath the building, ?they were just
standing him up?, he said. ?I ran right up
to him and jumped into his face and
said the first thing that came into my
head: ?What?s up, Chapo!? ?
Mr Hogan has now identified himself
as a special agent for the US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). He
was a player in the years-long effort to
bring the drug kingpin to justice and his
memoir, Hunting El Chapo, is released
this week. It is part of a glut of film, television and book projects on the chase
and capture of Joaqu韓 Guzm醤 as the
alleged leader of the Sinaloa cartel prepares to stand trial.
?It was time to be proud of what I had
done and what my team-mates had accomplished. It was about two countries
coming together to achieve something
great,? Mr Hogan said in a TV
interview.
The special agent, from Kansas,
started work as a county deputy before
moving to the DEA. He moved to
Mexico City to head its Sinaloa cartel
desk and began to penetrate the network around El Chapo (The Little
One), intercepting thousands of coded
text messages and steadily drawing
nearer to the man at the top. In raids on
safe houses, Mr Hogan was surprised at
how simply the 5ft 5in multibillionaire
lived. ?He afforded himself almost no luxury,? he said. His
homes were furnished with
plastic tables and chairs.
When Mexican marines
stormed a house in Mazatl醤
in February 2014, a door
that took time to break
down enabled El Chapo to
slip away. Days later Mrr
Hogan, wearing one of Ell
Joaqu韓 ?El Chapo?
Guzm醤 is in jail in
Manhattan awaiting trial
Chapo?s caps he had taken as a souvenir
during a raid, sat in his car outside the
Hotel Miramar as the marines broke
down the door of his suite. ?I was worried about him escaping us again,? he
said. ?[Then] I heard excited radio
chatter ? they got him.? When he
confronted El Chapo ?his eyes kind
of bulged out. Our eyes locked there,
for a second. Then they threw
him in the back of my car.?
Guzm醤 escaped again
in 2015 through a tunnel
dug up to his prison
shower. Recaptured in
2016, he was extradited to a prison in Manh
hattan
to await trial
t year.
this
Paris Francis Kalifat, head of the
Representative Council of Jewish
Institutions of France (Crif),
threatened criminal action for
antisemitism against the leader of
the left-wing France Unbowed
party if he did not apologise for
?hateful remarks?. Jean-Luc
M閘enchon had said that Crif and
the Jewish Defence League had
fanned antisemitism by opposing
his presence at a march in
memory of Mireille Knoll, 85,
who was murdered last month.
President Macron said she was
killed because she was Jewish.
US fights overdoses
Atlanta Americans have been
urged to carry the overdose
antidote naloxone to help to
combat the US opioid epidemic
and save lives, the surgeon
general said. Jerome Adams told
the National Rx Drug Abuse and
Heroin Summit that he hoped
addicts and their friends and
family would learn how to use
the antidote. It was the country?s
first national health warning in
13 years. About 42,000
Americans died from opioid
overdoses in 2016, more than
double the number in 2010. (AP)
Rhino protection drive
Meru Kenya has started marking
rhinos and aims to tag 22 in two
weeks as part of attempts to
conserve their dwindling
numbers. The world?s last male
northern white rhino died last
month, leaving only two females
alive. Scientists still hope to save
the subspecies from extinction
using IVF. Poachers were able to
sell northern white rhino horns
for �,000 per kilo, making
them more valuable than gold.
Kenya had 20,000 rhinos in the
1970s. It now has 650, almost all
of them black rhinos. (Reuters)
the times | Friday April 6 2018
35
2G M
World
AVIER LIZ軳/EPA
Diplomatic incident A horse drawn carriage heralded the arrival of new ambassadors from Guinea, Nepal, Jordan, Austria, Tajikistan and Bhutan to present their credentials at the Royal Palace in Madrid
Women ejected after saving life at sumo match
Japan
Richard Lloyd Parry
Kyoko Onoki Tokyo
The two women leapt to the aid of a
collapsed man on the floor and began
pumping his chest, both evidently medically trained. Then a voice came over
the loudspeakers ordering them away
? not because their skills were not
needed, but because they were women.
The sport of sumo wrestling was
again shown in a bad light over the incident on Wednesday when a town
mayor collapsed while giving a speech
in the sumo ring. The two trying to save
his life had to leave because of an ancient sumo tradition that bars ?impure?
women from polluting the sanctity of
the arena.
Thanks in part to their swift actions,
Ryozo Tatami, the mayor of Maizuru, in
Kyoto prefecture, survived and is
recovering in hospital from what was
found to be a stroke. Sumo officials have
tried to play down the controversy , the
latest in a series of scandals.
Many Japanese were appalled. ?This
is a terrible story,? wrote one Twitter
user. ?Paying more respect to tradition
than to someone?s life . . . the gods of
sumo must be crying.?
Video shot by spectators shows Mr
Tatami, 67, lying on his back on the
dohyo, or sumo ring, as male officials
mill round him, apparently unable to
agree what to do. A middle-aged
woman then pushes through and immediately begins performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation on the man,
soon joined by the second woman.
Then the voice of the referee can be
heard over the loudspeakers, saying repeatedly: ?Ladies, please leave the ring.?
The women step away, one of them still
giving instructions, shortly before
paramedics arrive to take Mr Tatami
away on a stretcher.
?I apologise deeply,? said Nobuyoshi
Hakkaku, chairman of the sport?s governing body, the Japan Sumo Association, after heavy criticism on social
media. ?I give my deepest thanks to the
women who provided rapid first aid.
The referee was upset and made the
announcement. But it was an inappropriate response in a life-and-death
situation.?
The sumo dohyo, as well as being a
sporting arena, is a sacred space blessed
by a Shinto priest. The ban on women
derives from ancient beliefs about the
?uncleanness? of menstrual blood.
In 1978 a ten-year-old girl who
reached the final round of a children?s
sumo championship was banned from
competing in the finals in Tokyo. In
1990 Mayumi Moriyama, the first
woman to become a deputy cabinet
secretary in Japan, was barred from
entering the ring to present a trophy.
Ten years later Fusae Ota, the female
governor of Osaka, faced the same
prohibition.
In recent years sumo has been
shaken by scandals over match fixing
and gambling, and most recently by the
enforced retirement of one of its grand
champions after he broke a junior wrestler?s skull with a beer bottle. A senior
sumo referee was disgraced this year
after it emerged that he had sexually
assaulted a male junior.
Despite the outcry, the names of the
women are not known. ?We have no information about them,? Noriko Miwa, a
Maizuru city official, said. ?We are so
grateful for the women who saved our
mayor?s life, and we want to thank them,
but don?t know who they are.?
Duterte shuts ?cesspool? Bollywood
tourist isle for six months star jailed
for poaching
Philippines
Richard Lloyd Parry Asia Editor
One of the Philippines? most popular
tourist islands has been ordered to
close for six months by President
Duterte, who called it a ?cesspool?.
Airlines and businesses were
baffled by the decision to halt tourism
to Boracay, one of the chain of islands
known as the Visayas, which was
visited by two million tourists last
year and brought in revenue of more
than $1 billion.
Mr Duterte?s government insists
that closure is the only way to prevent
the environmental degradation of a
holiday resort that is drawing an
increasing number of newly affluent
tourists from China and other parts
of Asia. ?I will close Boracay,? Mr
Duterte said in February. ?Boracay is
a cesspool. You go into the water, it?s
smelly. Smell of what? Shit. Because it
all comes out in Boracay.
?There will be a time that no
foreigner will go there because . . .
when he goes back to the plane to
where he belongs, he will be full of
shit, going back and forth to the restroom.?
Film and photographs published
on social media show foul water
gushing out into clear blue waters
used by swimmers and snorkellers.
Opponents of the decision point to
the government?s approval of a
$500 million casino resort to be built
on the relatively undeveloped east
side of Boracay.
According to the environment
India
Hugh Tomlinson Delhi
More than two million tourists were
welcomed on Boracay last year
ministry, 195 businesses and more
than 4,000 people on the 4 sq mile
island have no access to sewers. Boracay contains 948 illegal buildings,
according to an official survey, half of
which will be demolished after it
closes on April 26.
Cebu Pacific, the country?s main
domestic airline, predicted the loss of
as much as $5 million from the closure, with the cancellation of 14 daily
round trips to Boracay, but said that it
would increase services to other
beach islands. By the government?s
own estimates, the closure could
reduce GDP by one tenth of a
percentage point.
In February Thailand announced
restrictions on another popular
southeast Asian beach resort: Maya
Beach on Phi Phi Leh Island, which
will be closed to boats from June to
September on the orders of the
national park authorities. The 2000
film The Beach, starring Leonardo DiCaprio, was filmed there but boats
and rubbish are killing its coral reefs.
A leading Indian film star has been
sentenced to five years in jail after
being convicted of poaching in a case
that has taken two decades to crawl
through the courts.
Salman Khan, 52, who earned an
estimated � million last year, was
found guilty of shooting two protected blackbuck antelope while on location in the western state of Rajasthan
in 1998. His lawyers have sought bail
to keep him out of jail pending an
appeal.
Prosecutors alleged that Khan and
four other actors used shotguns to
attack wildlife from a car before fleeing when they were spotted. The
other men accused were acquitted
and Khan has maintained that he was
framed by forest officials.
The star was acquitted in 2015 of
killing a homeless man and running
over four others in a hit-and-run incident in 2002. Prosecutors claimed
that Khan was driving while drunk,
but the actor blamed his driver. His
acquittal is now being challenged in
the supreme court. His former girlfriend, the actress Aishwarya Rai,
accused Khan in a 2002 interview of
physical abuse, which he denies.
He was sentenced to five years in
jail in 2006 in a related poaching case.
He spent a week behind bars before
his sentence was suspended by the
Rajasthan high court.
Salman Khan?s
earnings last year
were � million
No investigation.
No responsibility.
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the times | Friday April 6 2018
37
2G M
Business
world markets (Change on the day)
commodities
FTSE 100
7,199.50 (+165.49)
Gold
$1,325.50 (-9.47)
Dow Jones
24,505.22 (+240.92)
14
22
Apr 3
$
$
�/$
$1.3990 (-0.0084)
$
�/?
?1.1436 (-0.0016)
�
7,800
28,500
1,500
78
1.450
1.200
7,400
26,500
1,400
70
1.400
1.150
7,000
24,500
1,300
62
1.350
1.100
22,500
6,600
Mar 5
currencies
Brent crude (6pm)
$67.96 (+0.65)
Mar 7
15
23
Apr 3
1,200
Mar 7
15
23
Apr 3
54
Mar 7
15
23
Apr 3
1.050
1.300
Mar 7
15
23
Apr 3
TOM PENNINGTON/GETTY
Mar 7
15
23
Apr 3
Markets jump
despite China
lodging tariffs
case at WTO
Callum Jones Trade Correspondent
Downhill all the way NBC?s $1bn payment for the US rights to show the Winter Olympics was said to have contributed to America?s widest trade gap for ten years. Page 38
Takeda poised to launch
�bn Shire takeover bid
Company chiefs brief analysts and shareholders on acquisition
Alex Ralph
The Japanese pharmaceutical predator
stalking Shire, the London-listed drug
company, has raised expectations that
it will launch a bid after it moved to
allay concerns about its plans.
Takeda bosses are understood to be
talking to top shareholders to promote
the merits of a � billion-plus takeover
of the FTSE 100 rare diseases specialist
and briefed analysts at a meeting in
Tokyo yesterday.
Christophe Weber, chief executive of
Takeda, is said to have told them that
the ?size did not matter for any ?mindful? acquisition? and indicated that he
was interested in all of Shire, not just
parts, according to those at the briefing.
Shire, which was valued at �.8 billion yesterday compared with Takeda?s
� billion, specialises in rare diseases
and neuroscience and is best known for
its treatments for hyperactivity disor-
ders. The company is based in Dublin
but the US is its biggest market, generating two thirds of its $14.4 billion sales
last year, and is where more than half its
24,000 employees are based.
Takeda, which dates back to 1781
when it sold herbal medicines in Osaka,
focuses on oncology, gastroenterology
and neuroscience and under Mr Weber
has made several smaller acquisitions.
Its interest in Shire has come at an
opportunistic time with the UK group
restructuring and suffering a sharp fall
in its shares before Takeda emerged.
Yesterday?s
bullish
comments
prompted shares in Shire to rally by
almost 6 per cent to �.12絧 at one
point in London and extended the rise
to almost a quarter since last week.
Takeda was rushed into announcing
it was in the early stages of mounting a
bid for Shire last Wednesday, amid
speculation in the market and movement in its share price, but its interest
apparently unnerved some investors.
The Tokyo-listed company?s shares
slipped to a 13-month low the next day
after questions over how it would finance a deal for a company with a bigger market capitalisation and whether
it had the firepower to buy the group.
Under UK takeover rules, Takeda
has until April 25 to reveal its intentions
and analysts said that the prospect of an
offer had increased following their
meeting with Mr Weber and Costa Saroukos, Takeda?s chief financial officer.
According to an account from UBS,
the Swiss broker, Mr Weber ?reiterated
his policy of maintaining [the] dividend
and investment grade?, making a ?stock
issuance? to raise funds more likely.
Analysts at Deutsche Bank said the
?likelihood of a bid for the whole of
Shire emerging by the April 25 deadline
has increased? and there were a ?number of options on the table for the deal
structure . . . from an equity issuance
in Japan, to a cash-plus-shares offer?.
Takeda could also look to try and offload unwanted Shire assets after any
deal to help cut its debt quickly, the
German broker added.
Bernstein, the broker, said a deal
seemed ?likely because there is willing
buyer, willing sellers and room to meet
both sides? expectations?. Its survey of
investors found they wanted � a
share to start talks and � to ?close the
deal?. ?They also want less than 50 per
cent in Takeda shares,? Bernstein said.
Signs that Takeda is seriously considering an approach could prompt other
companies to make offers, with analysts
naming Pfizer and Abbvie, whose bid
for Shire failed in 2014, as contenders.
An acquisition by Takeda would be
the latest in a record $150 billion of
mergers and acquisitions in the pharmaceutical industry this year and
comes as Pfizer?s consumer healthcare
assets are up for sale.
China has formally complained to the
World Trade Organisation about the
proposed US tariffs on imports as the
battle between the two global economic powerhouses escalates.
In a filing to the WTO, Beijing said
proposed US tariffs on $50 billion of
Chinese exports were ?inconsistent?
with trade agreements to which the
countries have signed up.
They now have 60 days to resolve the
dispute through consultations or the
WTO will launch litigation with a panel
of neutral arbitrators.
China?s complaint emerged after a
day when tensions between the countries seemed to be easing. Global stock
markets rebounded yesterday on hopes
the US and China could open negotiations and avert a global trade war.
The FTSE 100 enjoyed its best day
since June 2016 in London, rising 165
points, or 2.4 per cent, to 7,199.5. The
CAC 40 closed up 2.6 per cent in Paris
and the DAX gained 2.9 per cent in
Frankfurt.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average
also rose as senior advisers to President
Trump sought to reassure Wall Street
about simmering tensions between the
US and China, picking up 240.92 points
to close at 24,505.22.
The battle between the world?s two
biggest economies poses a major test
for the WTO. President Trump described the organisation as a ?catastrophe? this year for failing to protect the
US. The leading global regulator of
trade has 164 members. It is tasked with
setting rules that create a level-playing
field for trade around the world and settling disputes between members.
Concerns about Sino-American
relations and tit-for-tat tariffs have led
to a volatile few weeks for equity and
commodity markets. The Trump administration has proposed a steep 25
per cent levy on some 1,300 Chinese exports ? from dishwashers and flatscreen televisions to electric and petrol-fuelled engines ? citing allegations
of state-backed intellectual property
theft and forced technology transfers.
China responded by threatening retaliatory duties on more than 100 US
products including soya beans, cars and
aircraft. State media insisted that the
country is ?not afraid? to fight if the US
does not back down, although Beijing
has also said it is open to negotiations.
Stock markets recovered after talks
between the two governments. Cui
Tiankai, China?s ambassador in Washington, met John Sullivan, acting US
secretary of state, on Wednesday.
Senior White House officials provided
Continued on page 38, col 5
38
2G M
Friday April 6 2018 | the times
Business
Need to know
1
The over-60s hold 17 times
more wealth in their homes
than those in their early 30s, up
from six times more ten years ago.
Figures from the Office for
National Statistics show that 30 to
32-year-olds have just a third of
the property wealth that the same
age group did ten years ago. Page 2
2
Sales of new cars fell for a
12th month as economic
uncertainty and confusion
about the future of diesel vehicles
deterred consumers. Registrations
last month fell by 15.7 per cent
compared with a year earlier, to
474,069. The Society of Motor
Manufacturers and Traders said
that sales were down 12.4 per cent
so far this year. Page 12
3
The Japanese company
stalking Shire, the Londonlisted drug company, has
raised expectations that it will
launch a bid after it moved to allay
concerns about its plans. Takeda
bosses are talking to shareholders
to promote the merits of a
� billion-plus takeover. Page 37
4
Global stock markets
recovered last night as hopes
that the US and China could
open negotiations reduced
concern over the threat of a
trade war. In a bid to soothe Wall
Street fears, the White House
talked up the prospect of a deal
with Beijing. Page 37
5
Hammerson, the shopping
centre owner, has told
shareholders that it will
not publish documents relating to
its proposed acquisition of Intu
until it knows whether its French
rival Kl閜ierre is to bid.
6
Heavy snow and weak
consumer demand weighed
on the services sector last
month with activity rising at the
slowest pace since the Brexit vote,
the IHS Markit purchasing
managers? index showed. Page 40
7
Conviviality, the failed owner
of Bargain Booze and Wine
Rack, has appointed PWC to
oversee its administration as it
continues its search for buyers.
The off-licence and drinks
wholesaling group has agreed the
sale of its wholesale division and is
to ?engage with parties interested
in its retail business?. Page 42
8
Centrica, Britain?s biggest
household energy supplier,
denied its chief executive a
�0,000 annual bonus last year
after its share price collapsed,
despite blaming the government
for part of the fall. The total pay
package was cut to �7 million in
2017, down from �million the
previous year. Page 43
9
HSS Hire showed signs of
recovery as the troubled tool
hire group returned to profit
during the second half of last year
and said that underlying revenues
since then had continued to grow.
Page 44
10
Britain?s four biggest
mobile networks, EE,
Vodafone, O2 and Three,
have spent almost �4 billion to
ensure they secure access to the
new 5G spectrum needed to
launch the enhanced mobile
phone services of the future in an
auction by Ofcom, the
communications regulator. Page 45
Hammerson
keeping Intu
takeover deal
under wraps
Deirdre Hipwell M&A Editor
Hammerson, the shopping centre owner, has told shareholders that it will
not publish documents relating to its
proposed acquisition of Intu until it
knows whether its French rival Kl閜ierre is going to make a takeover bid.
As it updated the market on its firstquarter trading yesterday, Hammerson
said that the delay was necessary given
the ?unclear? position.
Kl閜ierre made a �9 billion takeover approach for Hammerson last
month. If the French retail giant, which
has until April 16 to ?put up or shut up?,
does table a formal offer it could derail
Hammerson?s proposed plan to merge
with Intu in a �4 billion all-share deal.
Hammerson is one of Britain?s largest
shopping centre owners, with stakes in
Brent Cross, north London, and the
Bullring in Birmingham. Kl閜ierre
owns more than 150 centres in Europe.
Hammerson wants to merge with
Intu, which owns the Trafford Centre in
Manchester and Lakeside in Essex, to
increase its scale across Europe. The
deal has been questioned by some
analysts and shareholders, who are
concerned that Hammerson is
increasing its exposure to a structurally
challenged retail sector and diluting
the benefit of its investment in Value
Retail, the owner of luxury outlet
centres such as Bicester Village.
The company, which is run by David
Atkins, rebuffed Kl閜ierre?s first takeover approach at 615p a share, saying
that it was ?wholly inadequate and
entirely opportunistic?.
The company attempted yesterday
to showcase what it believes is the
superiority of its portfolio compared
with its rivals. In its first quarterly up-
date statement in four years, Hammerson said that the group?s portfolio had
risen in value by 0.3 per cent to just over
�.5 billion. Its net asset value, a key
benchmark for property companies,
had risen by 1.8 per cent to 790p a share.
It had a ?strong leasing momentum?
across the UK, France and Ireland, it
said, and was on track to meet its
�0 million disposal target.
Mr Atkins said that Hammerson had
delivered a strong operational performance in the first quarter, adding: ?Whilst
we recognise the difficult trading
environment and challenges felt by
many retail and restaurant formats in
the UK, there continues to be good
demand for space across our centres.
?The Easter trading weekend again
demonstrated that not all retail is equal,
with our centres delivering positive
footfall growth of 5 per cent compared
to average reported Easter footfall
across all shops of minus 2.4 per cent.?
If Kl閜ierre fails to make a formal
offer and the Hammerson-Intu merger
goes ahead, it is expected to complete
by the end of this year.
Analysts at Exane BNP Paribas said
that Hammerson had included a March
valuation ?explicitly for the purposes of
the company?s bid defence? and was
?clearly trying to force Kl閜ierre into
improving on its initial approach?.
The analysts added: ?The 0.3 per cent
valuation uplift for the first quarter is
broadly consistent with our forecast.
Some investors may question the
resilience of UK shopping centre values
in light of potential negative valuation
evidence to emerge from the pending
sale of a 25 per cent stake in Bluewater
shopping centre to Axa. We suspect it is
too early for valuers to fully take the
transaction into account.?
Battersea boss to
power down on
�n development
T
he chief
executive of the
company
leading the
�billion development
of Battersea Power
Station has resigned
after ten years on the
project in order to ?do
other things? (Tom
Knowles writes).
Rob Tincknell said it
had been a difficult
decision to leave the
?extraordinary
project? and hand over
control of the company
to Simon Murphy, its
chief financial officer.
Mr Tincknell, 51, has
been the public face of
the Battersea Power
Station Development
Company since 2008,
as it restores the
famous 1930s grade II*
listed building. The
project is being
bankrolled by three
Malaysian companies.
The scheme is
turning the 42-acre site
into 4,000 homes, as
well as offices, shops
and restaurants, after it
lay dormant for 33
years. The Malaysian
group of investors is
also funding a new
Northern line Tube
station and extension.
Mr Tincknell said he
felt it was the right
moment to move on, at
a time when the first
865 homes at Battersea
had been built and sold
and Apple had signed a
deal to take 500,000
sq ft of the central
boiler house.
?I came to the
conclusion that after a
decade of leading the
project it?s in good
shape, there?s been
great progress,
particularly over the
past year, and we have
built up an amazing
team, so it?s the right
time for me to do other
things,? Mr Tincknell
said. A spokeswoman
for the company
insisted that he had not
been pushed out by the
project?s Malaysian
owners, pointing to the
fact that he would
remain a member of
the Battersea Project
US trade deficit widest for decade
Callum Jones Trade Correspondent
The US trade deficit has stretched to its
widest point in almost a decade despite
President Trump?s attempts to eliminate it with an ?America First? strategy.
The trade gap increased by 1.6 per
cent to $57.6 billion in February, reaching its highest level since October 2008.
Figures show that while the US exported goods and services worth $204.4 billion, it imported $262 billion?s worth.
The US Bureau of Economic Analysis said a $1.1 billion rise in service imports ?reflects payments for the rights
to broadcast the 2018 Winter Olympic
Games? after NBC, the Comcastowned television network, paid almost
$1 billion to air live coverage of the contest from Pyeongchang, South Korea.
Amid an intensified trade dispute
with China, America?s monthly deficit
with the country fell by 18.6 per cent to
$29.3 billion. Mr Trump this week cited
?a trade deficit of $500 billion a year?
with China as he threatened tariffs on
about 1,300 Chinese exports to force
changes in Beijing?s intellectual property practices. China retaliated on
Wednesday with a list of similar duties
on American imports.
Mr Trump, who claims that the US is
being taken advantage of by its trading
partners, has imposed tariffs on imported solar panels and large washing
$57.6bn
US trade gap in February
US Bureau of Economic Analysis
machines. He has also imposed 25 per
cent import duties on steel and 10 per
cent on aluminium.
While these actions may prove politically popular, analysts warn they could
undercut economic growth and raise
prices for consumers and producers.
Economists believe that a bullish
American economy, drawing in imports, paired with the Trump administration?s $1.5 trillion income tax cut
package, is likely to expand its overall
trade deficit.
Larry Kudlow, the new National
Economic Council director, predicted
yesterday that annual US GDP growth
could climb to 5 per cent for a time.
?Will we get 5 per cent for ever? No,?
he added in an interview with Fox Business. ?But there?s a catch up here.?
Separately, the US labour department reported that initial claims for
state unemployment benefit rose
ahead of expectations, by 24,000, to a
seasonally adjusted 242,000, during the
last week of March.
Ryan Sweet, economist at Moody?s
Analytics, said: ?By our calculations,
the tax legislation and two-year budget
deal will add $205 billion to the federal
budget deficit this year, which increases
the nominal trade deficit by $75 billion.
?In 2019, the tax legislation and budget deal will boost the federal deficit by
$480 billion, boosting the trade deficit
by $161 billion. Therefore we expect
trade to be a drag on US GDP growth
this year and next.?
Rob Tincknell, with the
Advisory Board.
However, his departure
comes amid rising
construction and
labour costs at the site,
and at a time when the
luxury property
market has slumped.
The cost of dealing
with the asbestos risk
in the building has also
spiralled, while pulling
down and replacing the
famous four chimneys
proved more expensive
than thought. Mr
Tincknell is admired
for having stuck with
China?s tariffs
protest to WTO
Continued from page 37
mixed messages on the dispute, with
Larry Kudlow, the president?s new
economic adviser, predicting that the
US and China are likely to reach an
agreement and Peter Navarro, Mr
Trump?s trade adviser, stating that ?the
expectation is that at the end of 60 days
there will be tariffs imposed?.
Mr Kudlow told Fox Business:
?These barriers will come down on
both sides, and that?s a key point for the
president. He understands perfectly
well that economies do better when
trading barriers are reduced.?
Analysts forecast that European carmakers will be hit hardest. While BMW
and Daimler are set to produce 115,300
vehicles in the US for Chinese customers this year, Evercore ISI said US automakers excluding Tesla will make
28,819. ?This is a tax on southern Germany, not the USA,? the investment
bank said of Beijing?s car levies.
Market report, page 47
the times | Friday April 6 2018
39
2G M
Business
CHRIS WEEKS/GETTY
Make your mind up
time at the mall
business commentary Alistair Osborne
I
actress Kate Beckinsale at a launch of the power station project in Hollywood, said it was the right time to do other things
the project for so long.
In January this year a
Malaysian fund gave a
cash injection for the
development by buying
a direct stake in the
building to help to fund
rising costs.
The developers also
revealed in April last
year that the project
now expected to
deliver less than half of
its original targeted
return. They said it was
due to generate an
internal rate of return,
a widely used measure
From power station to UK home for Apple
1930 Construction begins on
power station. Sir Giles Gilbert
Scott, designer of the red
telephone box, is appointed to
design exterior of building
1983 Battersea power station
is closed
1989 Plan to convert site into a
theme park led by John
Broome, founder of Alton
Towers, is scrapped despite
roof being removed as part of
construction
2013 After years of delays and
financial problems, building
gets under way on �5bn
redevelopment of power
station and surrounding area
2016 Apple announces that it
will move its UK headquarters
into the former central boiler
house of Battersea power
station
Size of site 42 acres
Construction workforce 700
What is being built 253
homes, six floors of offices, 90
shops and 2,000-seat venue
of profitability in the
sector, of 8.2 per cent
based on present
projections, rather
than the 20 per cent
target, before
borrowings, agreed at
the start of the project.
The development is so
important in Malaysia
that the prime minister
is said to have regular
meetings discussing it.
Bought by a
Malaysian consortium
for �0 million in
2012, the site is now
valued at �6 billion.
Sex case venture capitalist quits
James Hurley Enterprise Editor
One of Britain?s leading venture capitalists has quit his role after he appeared to admit that his sexual assault
conviction was making it difficult for
his firm to raise new funds.
Stefan Glaenzer, a partner at Passion
Capital, an investor in early-stage technology companies, indicated that his
decision to resign was linked to his 2012
conviction for sexually assaulting a
woman on the London Underground.
Mr Glaenzer, 56, told Techcrunch, a
technology news website, that there
was hesitancy from an institution to
invest in a new Passion fund because it
considered him a ?headline risk? ?
thought to refer to his conviction.
He pleaded guilty to the assault,
claiming that he was high on cannabis
at the time. He was given a suspended
prison sentence and placed on the sex
offenders register.
The venture capital industry, which
is male-dominated, plays a critical role
in providing equity financing for prom-
ising technology companies. There has
been increased focus on the behaviour
of venture capitalists in light of the ?Me
Too? movement, which has shone a
light on sexual assault and harassment.
In the US, numerous partners at
venture companies have resigned after
allegations of inappropriate conduct.
Stefan Glaenzer
sexually assaulted
a woman in 2012
Passion Capital, which is led by
Eileen Burbidge, a government adviser,
and Robert Dighero, has invested in 66
start-ups since it was founded in 2011.
The company did not respond to an
invitation to comment.
Mr Glaenzer said the unnamed
institution had made the ?right call? by
declining to invest. However, this will
bring fresh scrutiny over the decision
by the taxpayer-funded British Business Bank (BBB) to invest �.5 million
in the London-based Passion in 2015,
despite being aware of the conviction.
Caroline Plumb, founder and chief
executive of Fluidly, a software business that has raised money from venture capitalists, said Mr Glaenzer?s departure suggested that the institutions
venture capital firms rely on for finance
had become more sensitive to ?Me Too?
issues. ?I?m pleased that attitudes
appear to be moving on,? she said.
?Given that private institutional investors believed it was inappropriate to
invest in Passion while Mr Glaenzer
was still involved, it raises the question
of why the BBB chose to be the cornerstone for the second fund in 2015 when
deploying taxpayer money into it.?
A spokesman for the BBB, which
aims to improve access to finance for
private businesses, said that ?the issue
in question was considered extremely
carefully as part of the bank?s investment decision and due diligence
process at the time?.
ndecisive shoppers can be a
right pain. Not least for an
outfit like Hammerson, the
owner of such electrifying days
out as Brent Cross, the Bullring
and Bicester Village. If everyone
dithered around all day, it wouldn?t
have much of a business.
Still, ask yourself this: does
Hammerson?s chairman, David
Tyler, also have a bit of trouble
making up his mind? Have a look at
the latest annual report. There he is
warbling on about his ?diversified
and broadly spread? portfolio, the
one that ?enables us to manage
effectively the impact of risk and
uncertainties on the business?. Nine
months later he was behind a
�4 billion all-share offer for its
smaller rival Intu, one bringing such
diversification that it doubled-down
on Britain?s bombed-out retailers.
Then along came Kl閜ierre on
March 8 with a �9 billion bid
approach for Hammerson, at 615p a
share, or a 40.7 per cent premium at
the time. Mr Tyler?s reaction? He
rejected it within 24 hours without
telling investors. Indeed, it took The
Times to force an announcement
11 days later, accompanied by a rant
from Mr Tyler on the ?entirely
opportunistic? French proposal.
And now? Well, Hammerson
has just issued a mini-defence
document, otherwise known as an
unscheduled first-quarter trading
update. And there?s a discernible
change of tone. True, it?s only a
trading statement. But there?s barely
a word on the Intu deal ? prized by
Hammerson?s chief executive, David
Atkins ? except in the context of
Kl閜ierre. Hammerson points out,
pragmatically enough, that it has
decided not to ?finalise? the
documents for the Intu bid until it?s
heard from its French raider, what
with Klepierre?s ?put up or shut up?
deadline just days away, on April 16.
So is Mr Tyler now having second
thoughts on Intu? Maybe not. It?s
just that investors have no doubt
reminded him not to frustrate
Kl閜ierre, just maximise any bid
price. Hence the main news from
Hammerson?s update: that net asset
value (NAV) is now up another
1.8 per cent to 790p a share, or an
even bigger premium to the French
raider?s mooted bid.
Yet there?s a fair gap to the
Hammerson share price too, up
2 per cent yesterday to 547p. And as
Exane BNP Paribas noted, ?NAV is
far too optimistic as a take-out
valuation? when Hammerson has
long traded at an average 18 per
cent discount. Yes, Kl閜ierre?s
sighting shot looks low ball, not
least when it?s half in French paper.
But even Mr Tyler would struggle to
resist an eventual �bid. And the
market?s never liked the deal for
Intu, now trading at a 20 per cent
discount to Hammerson?s offer. A
bump from Kl閜ierre and Mr Tyler
may be forced into another rethink.
Tools for the job
N
ot everyone knows how to
use a tip-up concrete mixer.
So, lucky HSS Hire can help.
It?s simple too: lob in three different
chief executives since 2015?s 210p-ashare float, each with a different
strategy. Mix vigorously. And look
what comes out: �.2 million of
full-year losses and shares down to
30紁, despite yesterday?s 3.8 per
cent rise (report, page 44).
True, you can?t blame the latest
HSS boss, Steve Ashmore, for all the
red ink. He only arrived in June, but
one thing already stands out: the
pricey jack-hammer he?s taken to
the strategy of his predecessor John
Gill. What has happened to all that
centralising tool repair and testing
at a new national distribution centre
near Oxford, a plan that pretty
much reversed the strategy of the
man before him, Chris Davies?
Well, Mr Ashmore?s reversed it
again, returning such activities to
HSS?s 250 shops and pretty much
getting out of the Oxford centre.
And guess what? The switch comes
with a �.7 million bill, most of it to
buy Unipart out of its contract to
operate the centre. Mr Ashmore
says the change will save � million
a year. But he?s got to prove it. And,
in the meantime, he?s also grappling
with �0 million net debt, not bad
for a group valued at � million.
Yes, trading seems a little better.
And Mr Ashmore looks the most
plausible HSS boss yet, as his track
record at Brammer, Wolseley and
Exel suggests. But two of the banks
that floated HSS, Numis and JP
Cazenove, now rate the shares only
?hold? or ?neutral?, with a price
target of no more than 35p. Not a
concrete vote of confidence.
Ad giant?s woes
T
hat?s one way to get the WPP
share price up: put the boss
under investigation over
?personal misconduct? claims. After
Wednesday?s 2 per cent fall, the
shares bounced 4 per cent to �.39
yesterday. One possible explanation:
that investors no longer fear the
exit of Sir Martin Sorrell, instead
focusing on the potential extra
value from even the sort of mini
break-up he?d always have resisted.
Liberum analysts reckon selling the
Kantar market research business
could fetch about �5 billion, about
a quarter of the market value for
15 per cent of net sales and profits.
They also make another telling
observation: that WPP?s 9.2 times
earnings multiple is a ?significant
discount? to rivals Omnicom,
Publicis and Interpublic, the last
on 13.5 times. Surely there hasn?t
been a Sorrell discount?
Thirst for life
N
ine in ten Brits are ?stuck in
their own version of
Groundhog Day?. Yes,
astonishingly, 42 per cent ?take
exactly the same route to work
every day? (maybe it?s the way to
work?), while 14 per cent say ?they
have the same conversation with
their other half every evening? (so,
86 per cent don?t?). And who says
so? Highland Spring, which reckons
being ?properly hydrated? helps us
?make the most of every day?. Isn?t
bottled water too adventurous for
most people?
alistair.osborne@thetimes.co.uk
40
1G M
Friday April 6 2018 | the times
Business
Beastly luck: service sector shivers in cold
JEFF J MITCHELL/GETTY
. . . while high
street also
feels the chill
Tom Knowles Economics Correspondent
Heavy snow and weak consumer
demand weighed on the services sector
last month with activity rising at the
slowest pace since just after the Brexit
vote, a closely watched survey showed.
Economists said that the slowdown
in the economy?s dominant sector in
March was likely to mean that the economy slowed overall in the first three
months of the year, with GDP growth
now expected to come in at 0.3 per cent
for the first quarter. This would be
down from 0.4 per cent three months
earlier.
The UK services sector is considered
to be at the heart of growth, accounting
for almost 80 per cent of the economy
and ranging from hotels, restaurants
and hairdressers to IT, law and banking.
The purchasing managers? index for
the sector fell from 54.5 in February to
51.7 in March. This was the lowest reading since July 2016 and a bigger fall than
economists were expecting.
A reading above 50 indicates growth
while anything below signals contraction.
Monthly PMI surveys cover 400
companies and topics such as activity,
new business, prices charged, employment and expectations for growth.
Retail is not included in services .
Businesses said much of the slowdown was due to particularly bad weather, which affected consumer spending and caused havoc for many businesses? operations.
A Siberian weather system that meteorologists called ?the Beast from the
East? brought snow and sub-zero temperatures to much of Britain in late
February and early March.
Construction was similarly affected
by the snow, with its PMI survey this
week showing the sector contracted in
March, dropping below the 50 threshold. Manufacturing held up better.
Chris Williamson, chief business
economist at IHS Markit, which compiles the PMI survey, said: ?The UK
economy iced up in March, suffering
the weakest increase in business activity since the Brexit vote amid widespread disruptions caused by some of
the heaviest snowfall in years.?
Companies reported that ?heightened economic uncertainty? continued to
act as a brake on growth over March as
consumer demand remained subdued
and clients became more risk-averse,
with delays in decision-making.
This weighed on businesses? optimism about the future, according to
Duncan Brock, director at the Chartered Institute of Procurement & Supply, which helps compile the survey.
He said: ?The triple force of snow, inflation and Brexit-related uncertainty
struck at the sector?s heart, as consumer buying dwindled, bad weather halted
Philip Aldrick Economics Editor
Retail sales have suffered their biggest
hit in almost ten years as shoppers
dodged the spring snow by staying at
home, according to a monthly report by
the accountants BDO.
Year-on-year sales as measured by its
high street sales tracker fell 10.1 per cent
in March, the largest drop since November 2008 when retailers were hit by
snow and the global financial crisis.
Online stores did not escape as sales
grew by 11 per cent, the lowest monthly
increase since December 2015.
BDO?s tracker follows like-for-like
sales at 85 mid-tier retailers with 10,000
stores between them, ranging from
fashion to floor coverings. Its survey for
the four weeks to March 25, which
covered the Siberian freeze that closed
parts of the country, provided a first
glimpse of the toll taken by the weather
on retail and wholesale, which is a tenth
of UK economic output.
Snow in the first week of March
helped sales plummet 28 per cent
year-on-year, which BDO said was ?the
worst weekly in-store result on record?.
10.1%
Fall in high street year-on-year sales
The services and construction sectors were badly affected by snow and ice that blew in from Siberia in late February
Analysis
I
f the first quarter
turns out to have
been as bad as the
most pessimistic
forecasts, growth for
the three months to
March will have been
a meagre 0.2 per cent.
For a worse quarter,
you have to go back to
the end of 2012 when
GDP shrank by
0.1 per cent (Philip
Aldrick writes).
Such a weak figure,
if the official data
confirms it on April
27, will inevitably lead
to wailing in some
quarters about the
economy coming off
the rails. The question
will be how much
of the slowdown was
fundamental and how
much down to the
Siberian spring?
First, 0.2 per cent is
not unreasonable to
expect. The Bank of
England cut its
forecast last month
from 0.4 per cent to
0.3 per cent and
blamed the snow.
Purchasing
managers? indices for
the quarter ?signal
growth of just under
0.3 per cent?, Chris
Williamson, chief
business economist, at
IHS Markit, said.
As the PMIs do not
capture retail, which
suffers most when the
cold keeps shoppers
at home, he may be
overstating things.
But some of the lost
growth will be
recovered; retail tends
to bounce back as the
sun comes out.
Ultimately, the
bigger picture
remains sunny.
Wages are overtaking
inflation, jobs are
being created and
exporters continue to
enjoy strong demand.
The official 1.5 per
cent growth target
for this year is not
challenging.
business operations and optimism was
at its lowest ebb since June 2017.?
Almost every measure in the PMI
survey fell in March, including employment, new and outstanding business,
and optimism.
The only category to rise was the
prices that companies in the services
sector faced and those they subsequently charged to customers.
The poor figures are unlikely to dissuade the Bank of England from raising
interest rates next month for the
second time since the financial crisis.
The Bank said last month that while
the snow was likely to cause first-quarter economic growth to slow to 0.3 per
cent, it believes that ?an ongoing tightening of monetary policy? is needed to
bring above-target inflation back to its
target of 2 per cent.
The rate of inflation was at 2.7 per
cent in February. It is also unlikely to be
swayed by just one set of surveys, particularly one partially distorted by the
weather, economists said.
BDO
Sales recovered to rise 8 per cent in the
second week, the best in almost a year,
before slumping again in both following weeks as the icy weather returned.
?March was a brutal month for
stores,? Sophie Michael, head of retail
and wholesale at BDO, said. ?People
couldn?t get to the shops, but they
weren?t spending online to make up the
shortfall either. Whilst many have cited
this to be due to consumers not trusting
deliveries to get through, it?s also a clear
indicator of the wavering underlying
spending power.?
Hardest hit were fashion sales and
homewares, which posted record
year-on-year declines of 12.7 per cent
and 13.2 per cent respectively.
Ms Michael said the signs had not
been good for Easter, with ?flat growth?
in the week before. ?Given this
disappointing start to April, it is likely
that retailers will continue to face
significant pressures in their attempts
to making up the shortfall that has been
experienced so far this year,? she said.
Low-paid key to closing productivity gap Fidessa names new bidders
Philip Aldrick
Britain could make big productivity
gains if its lowest-paid workers could
match the efficiency of their counterparts in the US, Germany and France.
The National Institute of Economic
and Social Research, an 80-year-old
policy think tank, found that output per
hour in industries where at least one
quarter of the workforce is paid less
than about �an hour, or two thirds of
the median wage, was up to 30 per cent
lower than European counterparts.
The findings are not a surprise as UK
productivity lags behind the US, Germany, France and the Netherlands to a
similar degree. High paying companies
lag even further behind. The compara-
tive shortfall is ?slightly worse among
higher-wage industries?, it said.
But the gains to be made by addressing weak productivity in low paying industries such as retail and hospitality
are potentially significant because they
account for a large proportion of the
workforce. A small improvement could
have a big aggregate impact.
Lifting productivity is vital to raising
living standards because it is only by
producing more with no extra resources that companies can afford to increase pay without driving up inflation.
NIESR calculated that up to a quarter of the total productivity gap could be
closed by increasing productivity in
low-wage sectors to levels found in
equivalent industries in Germany,
France and the Netherlands. At present
the UK produces about 30 per cent less
per hour, which means British workers
take five days to do what a German
worker can do in less than four.
Low-wage industries include administration, agriculture and social work.
Retail and hospitality are the largest
areas, with 46 per cent and 59 per cent
of workers in those sectors on low pay.
NIESR found the problem was not a
lack of automation but lack of attention
to skills and good management. In better performing countries, equivalent industries offered more on-the-job training, had better management practices
such as performance-related pay, encouraged workers to use technology and
had a lower share of temporary staff.
Martin Strydom
Fidessa has named Ion Investment and
SS&C Technologies as the companies
that have made separate takeover
approaches for the FTSE-250 financial
software company.
It made the announcement after
there was speculation about the identity of the bidders when it revealed interest from unnamed buyers on Tuesday.
As a result of the approaches, and a
spike in the company?s share price on
expectations of a bidding war, Fidessa
put off a shareholder vote planned for
yesterday on a �4 billion agreed sale to
Temenos, a Swiss peer.
Ion is a privately owned software
group that was founded in 2011 and is
based in Ireland. It is considering a
proposal worth �.29, consisting of
�.50 in cash and 79.7p in dividend
payments previously promised by
Fidessa. The proposed offer is a 5 per
cent premium to the �.467 a share
offer from Temenos.
No offer has yet been received from
SS&C Technologies, a $10 billion US
software provider based in Windsor,
Connecticut. SS&C Technologies was
founded in 1986 by William Stone and
went public in 1996 before being taken
private by Carlyle, the US private equity
group.
Although Fidessa warned that there
could be no certainty that an offer
would be made, its shares rose 50p, or
1.2 per cent, to �.75.
the times | Friday April 6 2018
41
1G M
Comment Business
Sathnam Sanghera
Raphael Hogarth
There?s little to lose
from exploring sunlit
uplands Down Under
Have faith, but not too much: the
meek shall inherit the workplace
??
For as long as I have
been writing about
business, and for
many decades
before that, the
corporate world has been in thrall to
the idea of confidence.
The fact that serial entrepreneurs
retain it in the face of repeated failure
is deemed a great thing. We are told
that conveying it through posture and
body language is half the secret of
succeeding in job interviews. Industry
bodies survey their members to find
out how much they are exhibiting;
analysts gain and lose it in sectors
and stocks; candidates on The
Apprentice compete to display it; and
people on Linkedin post inane
inspirational quotes of dubious origin
about it (?Always be yourself and have
faith in yourself,? Bruce Lee).
Perhaps as a result I have fretted
that I do not have enough of it, been
in awe of colleagues who have bags of
it, and even envied my younger self
who had much more of it than I do
now. This week, though, I read
something in the Harvard Business
Review that made me question
whether it is always a good thing. The
piece, by the business psychologists
Carmen Sanchez and David Dunning,
recounted the results of a laboratory
study that the pair had conducted
which involved giving participants a
task they had to learn and repeat. It
revealed that ?while performance
incrementally improved, confidence
took a different journey?, a journey
that they describe as ?the beginners?
bubble of confidence?.
Apparently, participants began
thinking that they were right 50 per
cent of the time when their actual
accuracy rate was 55 per cent, but
after a short while their confidence
began skyrocketing, far above
any accuracy they achieved.
?A little experience replaces
their caution with a false
sense of competence.?
About 65 per cent of
college students
responding to a recent
survey by the Association
of American Colleges &
Universities thought that they
had adequate critical-thinking
skills and were proficient in
written communication, whereas
Words of wisdom from Bruce
Lee can be found on Linkedin
less than 40 per cent of employers
who had recently hired college
students agreed. Research has found
that doctors learning to carry out
spinal surgery usually do not begin to
make mistakes until their 15th
iteration of the surgery. Similarly, new
pilots produce few accidents but then
their accident rate begins to rise until
it peaks at about 800 flight hours,
when it begins to drop again.
It is not hard to see examples of
this manifestation of Alexander
Pope?s old maxim that ?a little
learning is a dangerous thing? from
your own working life, such as that
annoying work experience kid who
after a week of photocopying begins
proffering advice on your career, or of
examples where confidence may have
caused more problems in business
more generally. Writing in McKinsey
Quarterly, Professor Dan Lovallo and
Olivier Sibony cited overconfidence
as one of the main reasons strategic
decisions go wrong. The so-called
Dunning-Kruger effect describes a
cognitive bias wherein ?people of low
ability suffer from illusory superiority,
mistakenly assessing their cognitive
ability as greater than it is? (classic
example: Donald Trump). Then there
are a bunch of companies in the news
suffering after being overconfident,
not least the fund manager Neil
Woodford and Tesla, with its
production problems.
Meanwhile, the business
psychologist Tomas ChamorroPremuzic does a brilliant job of
dismantling the cult of confidence in
a recent short book. He points out the
benefits of low confidence, including
being more motivated, more selfaware, more realistic, more likeable
and more likely to improve. He shows
that when people see you as overly
confident you risk being seen as
obnoxious rather than
charming. And he
points out the crucial
difference between
confidence and
competence: ?Confidence
alone did not propel Barack
Obama to become the first
black president of the US, win
Roger Federer numerous
tennis tournaments or make
Richard Branson a billionaire
entrepreneur. They are
exceptionally competent. It
takes an extraordinary
amount of talent, and even
more hard work, to attain such levels
of competence.?
Chamorro-Premuzic has given
interviews where he argues that many
of our worst problems may be caused
by overconfidence; that the financial
crisis of 2008 was arguably caused by
misplaced confidence in products and
people and industries; that social
media is driven by a need to portray
confidence that bears no relation to
the vulnerability or changeability of
human life; that drinking, gambling,
smoking, driving accidents and
reckless risk-taking are all caused by
having too much confidence.
I am convinced. Let?s face it, most
of our recent terrible politics ?
Corbyn, Trump, Brexit, the Iraq war
? are expressions of the excessive
confidence of certain politicians that
they can mould the world according
to their delusions. In my experience
people selecting on the basis of
confidence rather than competence
are the cause of 90 per cent of bad
recruitment decisions and 50 per cent
of workplace resignations. One study,
reported this week in Fast Company
magazine, found that more than half
of CEOs who performed better than
expected were introverts. The reason
private school kids take most plum
jobs, despite accounting for a tiny
fraction of the student population, is
that their schooling gives them castiron and often misplaced confidence,
and the reason women experience
inequality at work is that they are less
pushy than blokes.
Indeed new research, reported this
week in The Times, has found that
men consistently believe that they are
better at driving than is statistically
possible; and when speed dating, that
far more partners find them attractive
than is true. We are told, endlessly,
that the secret to improving social
mobility and gender equality is for
women and the working classes to
become as pushy as these blokes and
the middle classes, but maybe what
the world actually needs is for these
pushy people to become humble.
There is something to be said for the
introverted, people
who work for the
sake of it, not the
glory, and the
basically competent.
??
Sathnam Sanghera is a journalist
and author. Follow him on Twitter
@Sathnam
Philip Aldrick, the world expert
on world economics
A former business journalist of the year, our economics editor, Philip Aldrick, is the right man to
hold the Bank of England and Treasury to account. His insight and experience ensure that you?re
always well informed.
Don?t miss Philip Aldrick in The Times tomorrow
W
here are we to find
the ?sunlit uplands?
that Brexiteers
promised during the
referendum
campaign? Liam Fox, for one, is
seeking uplands down under.
The trade secretary hopes that the
UK can do a trade deal with
Australia immediately after Brexit
and the Aussies are known to be
keen too. Last week Alexander
Downer, the outgoing Australian
high commissioner to the UK, gave
a speech in which he extolled the
benefits of such a deal, beseeching
Britain to shed its ?distinct lack of
national self-confidence? and
abandon any talk of aligning its
tariffs with the EU. He promised
that new trade deals with countries
?There is a political
imperative in Britain to
get a quick deal to prove
that Brexit is going well?
like Australia would be ?relatively
easy?.
For Australia the process probably
will be easy. Its trade negotiators
?don?t mess around?, a seasoned
diplomat said. ?The team they put
together for this will include people
who just concluded deals with
Japan, China and South Korea.?
Our negotiators? skills are
untested. More importantly, so are
the attitudes of British voters,
politicians and businesses on trade.
Take the reaction to the Times
report this week that Australia?s
powerful agricultural lobby is
pushing its government to demand
that Britain lift an EU ban on
hormone-treated beef, which is
meatier than the natural stuff, in
order to increase access for
Australian producers. They say,
probably rightly, that this restriction
is a protectionist measure with no
basis in public health evidence.
Responding to the suggestion that
giving British consumers access to
Australian beef would be a ?winwin? move, the Wrexham farmer
Will Evans tweeted: ?It?s not a
f***ing win for me.?
It probably isn?t. Trade deals
create losers. The idea is to create
more winners by encouraging
competition from abroad and
getting cheaper goods on
supermarket shelves. In the end the
Australians will try to do that by
knocking down tariffs and lifting
quotas rather than insisting on
regulatory changes. This would
allow the UK-Australia negotiation
to proceed more independently of
the UK-EU one. Their baseline
proposition will be free access both
ways in goods, with some tinkering
in services and investment.
Of course there are always
sectoral priorities that come to the
fore when the easy things have been
agreed. ?Success here is measured
by how much access we get in beef
and sheep,? a senior Canberra
source said. Australian exports of
?high-quality beef ? to the EU are
limited to 7,150 tonnes per year, at a
tariff rate of 20 per cent. Changing
this is an obvious Aussie ask.
Sugar is too. Australia?s quota of
sugar cane exports to the EU is
9,925 tonnes. Since this is only a
quarter of the capacity of a bulk
carrier ship, it is usually not worth
the fuss of exporting at all.
So Australia?s cane farmers will
want more access after Brexit. That
will be excellent news for Tate &
Lyle, which makes its crystals from
cane imported from the tropics. It
will be dreadful news for British
Sugar, which uses sugar beets, and
for the 3,500 British farmers who
grow them. Winners and losers.
The long and the short of this
negotiation, Sam Lowe of the Centre
for European Reform said, is that
Australia will function as a test case
for the US, making American-style
demands with less market power,
teasing out what concessions Brexit
Britain is willing to make.
We will probably not do all that
good a job of it, as the Australians
know. Canberra?s leverage is greater,
one official conceded, because there
is such a powerful political
imperative in Britain to get a quick
deal to prove that Brexit is going
well. On areas of disagreement the
Brits will ?blink first?. But the trade
volumes are small so the effects of a
bungled negotiation would not be
ruinous. And it will give us a chance
to learn whether, deep down, we are
really free traders at all.
Raphael Hogarth is a leader writer at
The Times
42
1G M
Friday April 6 2018 | the times
Business
Conviviality calls in PWC amid hunt for buyers
Gurpreet Narwan
The failed owner of Bargain Booze and
Wine Rack has appointed PWC to
oversee its administration as it
continues its search for buyers.
Conviviality, the off-licence and
drinks wholesaling group that announced plans to enter administration
last week after owning up to string of
accounting errors, has agreed the sale
of its wholesale division and is continuing to ?engage with parties interested in
its retail business?.
Shares remain suspended and it has
no intention of replacing its nominated
adviser ? the financial services firm
that shepherds a company onto the
Alternative
Investment
Market
(Aim)? after Investec Bank resigned.
Founded in 1990, Conviviality listed
on Aim in 2013 and become the UK?s
biggest alcohol wholesaler. It employs
2,639 people and has 370 franchise
holders with more than 700 shops. A big
supplier to the drinks industry, it
services more than 23,000 outlets,
including shops, hotels and pubs.
Signs of trouble began to emerge last
month when the board admitted that it
had misjudged its expected profit after
an arithmetic error and discovered a
� million tax bill was due by the end
of March. Conviviality cancelled its
Diana Hunter resigned as Conviviality
chief executive as its problems grew
dividend to save �2 million, suspended shares at 101p and bid farewell to
Diana Hunter, its chief executive.
Ms Hunter?s resignation marked a
fall from grace for the former Waitrose
and Sainsbury?s executive, who joined
Conviviality just before it floated on
London?s junior stock market. During
her time at the company, she led it
through a period of impressive growth
fuelled by takeover deals.
It was reported that creditors had
pushed for her resignation as a precondition for a rescue but no deal materialised. After failing to raise �5 million
from an emergency cash call, Conviviality announced its intention to appoint administrators in the coming
weeks ?unless circumstances change?,
putting 2,500 jobs at risk.
It confirmed yesterday that PWC
had been appointed to handle the
administration. PWC said the retail
business would continue to trade while
a buyer is sought. Analysts have cited
Bestway, a cash and carry group, and
McColl?s, the convenience store and
newsagent operator, as possible suitors.
C&C Group, owner of Magners cider
and Tennent?s lager, this week said it
had bought Conviviality?s wholesale
business Matthew Clark, whose
customers include JD Wetherspoon.
The deal will be partly funded with a
loan from AB Inbev, the world?s biggest
brewer, which is thought to range
between � million and � million.
Stephen Glancey, C&C?s chief executive, said he hoped to ?put an end to this
period of disruption and uncertainty?
after a ?challenging? few weeks for employees, customers and suppliers.
Conviviality said that under the deal
with C&C, all trade creditors would be
paid in full and that ?continuity of supply is assured for suppliers and customers?. The wholesale arm?s 1,900 employees would retain their jobs, it said.
CITY
PEOPLE
The feuds, the faces and the farcical
Your new food
favourites
Discover London?s hottest new restaurant, why you?ll be
eating goat and how technology could reinvent our kitchens.
Pick up your copy of The Sunday Times this weekend.
Emily Gosden @emilygosden
Business big shot
name terry
stannard
age 67
position nonexecutive
chairman,
walker
greenbank
W
hen you have held as
many company
directorships as Terry
Stannard, the ingratitude of stock
markets should come as no
surprise. Good results and a
progressive dividend are what
investors love. Or maybe not.
After the non-executive chairman
of Walker Greenbank, the
furnishings company, announced
?the gusher? finds itself at
epicentre of blame game
A fresh PR triumph from UK Oil
& Gas Investments, the company
behind the supposed ?Gatwick
Gusher? that last week issued
annual results with the wrong date.
When a 2.7-magnitude earthquake
hit near Gatwick on Sunday,
speculation swiftly turned to the
possible role of UKOG, which may
or may not have discovered
billions of barrels of oil near by. By
Wednesday, calls for it to cease
operations were leading BBC
Sussex?s news. UKOG
pointed out it is yet to
resume work at the
site after a two-year
absence. What a pity
its PR pros didn?t
clarify as much
before transmission.
As Neil Pringle, the
BBC presenter,
explained on air: ?We
were on to them most
of [Tuesday], we did
id
speak to them, they did
promise some sort of statement
but we are still waiting.?
trouble on twitter
Deloitte India?s social media team
has been trying to drum up
responses for its survey into the
impact of legislation to protect
women from sexual harassment.
Yesterday it caused something of a
a generous 21 per cent lift in the
full-year dividend to 4.37p a share
and an annual pre-tax profit of
�.8 million, compared with
�million previously, the shares
closed almost 5 per cent lower at
127p last night. Mr Stannard, who
took on his role more than nine
years ago, was responsible for
returning the company to the
dividend list in October 2010
after a 13-year absence. But then
having a new Moscow showroom
when relations between the UK
and Russia are at such a low ebb
is a bit of a risk. Still, he is also a
non-executive director of the UK
subsidiaries of Singapore-listed
Singapore Food Industries, whose
brands include New Covent
Garden Soup, and a director of
Nova Garden Furniture.
stir by tweeting out one of the
questions: ?Do you believe that
anti-sexual harassment laws/
policies in organisations tend to
favour women?? An hour later, the
tweet was gone. Still, the episode
should offer some insight to help
it to answer its earlier question:
?In a bid to be cautious about
workplace #sexualharassment are
professionals changing their
behaviour??
that sinking feeling . . . again
The Times revealed this week that
the trading arm of A Suit
That F
Fits, a tailoring
com
company
that spent
�5 million of
cr
crowdfunders?
cash,
h gone bust but
had
w still operating
was
v a ?newco? that
via
it hapless backers
its
do not yet own any
sha in. Now Rob
shares
Mur
Murray
Brown, an
expert in such matters,
has spotted that Keith
has
Watson an adviser
advis to the tailoring
Watson,
business, above, has form when it
comes to helping companies to
raise funds. Front Up Retail also
secured funds via Crowdcube and
is now bust. Mr Watson is also a
director of Discovery Yachts
Group, which raised �2 million on
Crowdcube. Let?s hope that this
one proves more seaworthy.
the times | Friday April 6 2018
43
1G M
Business
GETTY; VEGETARIAN SOCIETY
Football is Manchester?s great
passion; Rolls-Royce began life
in the Midland hotel; above,
Salford?s William Cowherd
AGM up north? Not
everyone?s mad for it
B
P is used to
fielding
complaints from
shareholders at
its annual general
meeting over executive
pay, its environmental
record and the quality of
the free lunch (Emily
Gosden writes). Now the
oil giant is risking the
ire of regular guests on a
new front after breaking
with tradition and
deciding to hold its
meeting outside London.
Carl Henric-Svanberg,
the outgoing chairman,
has told shareholders
that its annual meeting
on May 21 will be held
in Manchester to
?encourage interaction
with shareholders who
may not normally have
attended our meeting?.
Five facts BP should know about Manchester
BP which operates in
BP,
more than 70 countries
and has its headquarters
in London, has held its
AGM in the capital for
more than 100 years.
For the past decade it
has used the Excel
centre, where it typically
draws a crowd of
between 700 and 900
people. Mr Svanberg
said that the decision to
6 The city claims to be
the birthplace of
vegetarianism, with
Reverend William
Cowherd preaching the
moral virtues of a
meat-free diet from a
chapel in Salford in the
early 1800s.
6 The average annual
rainfall in Manchester is
actually below the UK
average, despite claims
to the contrary from
visitors.
6 Britain?s first free
public library opened in
Manchester in 1653.
6 Charles Rolls and
Frederick Royce met for
the first time over lunch
at the Midland hotel in
Manchester in 1904.
6 Manchester United,
one of the city?s two
Premier League football
teams, are the most
successful team in
English football history
by league titles won.
move the AGM reflected
its shareholder base,
about 40 per cent of
which is based north of
Birmingham.
The energy group has
tried its best to reassure
any sceptical members
of the southern majority,
telling them it takes only
?a little over two hours
to reach Manchester
from London? and that
it would ?keep the
future location of the
AGM under review?.
The decision drew
complaints from one of
the campaign groups
that usually attends,
however. The group
worried about the
difficulty of travelling
from Manchester to
Royal Dutch Shell?s
meeting, which will be
held the following day
in the Hague. Jeanne
Martin, senior
campaigns officer at
Share Action, wrote on
Twitter that the decision
?makes it impossible to
attend the BP and Shell
AGMs without flying?
and that she and other
climate activists were
unwilling to do so.
fined
Centrica chief pays for share price Anglo
over Brazil
crash with loss of �0,000 bonus iron ore leak
Britain?s biggest household energy
supplier denied its chief executive a
�0,000 annual bonus last year after
its share price collapsed, despite
blaming the government for part of the
fall.
The total pay package of Iain Conn,
chief executive of Centrica, which owns
British Gas, was cut to �7 million in
2017, down from �million the previous
year when he benefited from extra
perks under a ?golden hello? deal.
The former BP executive presided
over a 41 per cent collapse in Centrica?s
share price last year, including the
biggest one-day fall in its history in
November when the group was forced
to warn on profits due to problems in its
North American business. Its share
price has also been hit by fears over the
impact of the government?s price cap
on energy bills.
British Gas supplies 7.8 million
Centrica share price
p
240
220
200
Source: Thomson Reuters
Emily Gosden Energy Editor
180
160
140
Q1
Q2
Q3
2017
Q4
Q1
2018
120
households in the UK as well as providing energy to businesses and offering
home services such as boiler repair.
Centrica also supplies households and
businesses in North America.
Group profits slumped by 17 per cent
to �25 billion last year because of poor
performance in Centrica?s business
supply operations in the UK and US.
Scott Wheway, chairman of Centrica?s
remuneration committee, said it had
taken the ?difficult decision? that it was
?not appropriate? to award annual
bonuses to executives in the light of
?the overall shareholder experience?.
Centrica?s annual report revealed
that Mr Conn would otherwise have
been entitled to a �0,000 annual
bonus under the terms of the company?s pay policy ? down from �5 million the year before ? because he hit a
minimum threshold for cashflow and
making progress on ?strategic objectives?.
The pay committee praised Mr Conn
for ?significant strategic progress and
operational delivery? last year, but said
these had been overshadowed by ?the
timing and scale of the North America
business performance and accounting
issues, combined with the uncertainty
created by political and regulatory intervention into the UK energy market.
The net result has been a severe drop
in the market worth of the company, a
situation for which a chief executive
will always be held to account,? it
added.
Centrica said it had also reduced the
maximum number of shares it awarded
its executives under long-term performance schemes for the next three
years, in the light of the fact that the
share price was so low.
It imposed a freeze on the base pay of
all executives.
Mr Conn, who joined Centrica at the
beginning of 2015, was paid a base
salary of �6,000 last year, up from
�5,000 the year before. Although he
was denied an annual bonus, he received �7,000 worth of shares under
the long-term share award for Centrica?s performance since he joined. This
was 26 per cent of the maximum he
could have received under the scheme.
In 2016 his pay was boosted by a
�3 million recruitment award as part
of a deal agreed when he was hired from
BP in 2014.
. . . but $1m boost for Petrofac boss in bribe inquiry
Emily Gosden
Petrofac?s chief executive was given a
$1 million bonus last year despite
slashing the dividend and presiding
over a 41 per cent collapse in its share
price after the company was hit by a
Serious Fraud Office investigation.
Ayman Asfari, who has been questioned under caution as part of the
investigation into alleged bribery, corruption and money laundering, was
paid a total of $1.95 million in 2017, up
from $1.82 million in 2016 because of
the bonus. He denies any wrongdoing.
The award contrasts with the approach taken by Centrica, the energy
supplier, which coincidentally experienced a near-identical drop in value last
year, but yesterday announced that it
was putting its boss?s bonus at zero.
Petrofac designs, builds and operates
oil and gas installations in 29 countries
and Mr Asfari, a Conservative Party
donor, brought it to market in 2005.
The SFO launched an inquiry into
Petrofac in May last year, which was
initially centred on Petrofac?s dealings
with Unaoil, a consultancy in Monaco
that is accused of paying bribes to
secure work. The investigation has
since broadened and Petrofac?s shares
have suffered amid concerns about the
potential of reputational damage.
Petrofac, whose biggest shareholder
is Mr Asfari, said the chief executive
had agreed that the bonus could be
clawed back if he was found guilty of
any wrongdoing. Mr Asfari was re-
stricted in his duties for part of last year
but has resumed full operations now.
Petrofac said the company had performed well, and that Mr Asfari?s bonus
was determined by an assessment of its
financial performance together with a
?balanced scorecard? of other measures. The chief executive scored 75 per
cent on the latter, with the committee
noting that he ?drove compliance and
HSSEIA [health, safety, security, environment, and integrity assurance] culture and values throughout Petrofac?.
Emily Gosden
Anglo American has been given a
$38 million fine over pollution caused
by a leak in an iron ore pipeline in Brazil
last month.
The 529km pipeline carries iron ore
slurry from Anglo?s Minas Rio mine in
Minas Gerais state to an export
terminal at the port of Acu.
Anglo American is listed in London
and Johannesburg and employs 69,000
people worldwide. It mines iron ore,
platinum, copper, coal, nickel and
diamonds. Minas Rio accounted for
about 17 million tonnes of the 62 million tonnes of iron ore Anglo produced
last year.
The discovery of the pipeline leak on
March 12 forced Anglo to suspend operations from the Minas Rio mine until
March 27. Shortly after resuming operations it found another leak and announced on Tuesday that it was suspending operations for 90 days while
inspections were carried out.
Semad, the environmental regulator
for Minas Gerais, said that the initial
leak ?caused pollution and environmental degradation that resulted in
damage to water resources and may
have caused harm to public health and
the wellbeing of the population?. It
indicated that it would also fine Anglo
American over the second leak.
Anglo American said that it was analysing the Semad notice and had taken
?all measures to minimise the effects of
the incidents on March 12 and 29?.
Anglo has said that the second leak
?was stopped within eight minutes and
caused no disruption to local water
supply?.
44
2G M
Friday April 6 2018 | the times
Business
TIM WILLIAMS/ACTION PLUS/GETTY
Tool hire group
picks up the pace
despite �m loss
Miles Costello
HSS Hire finally started to show signs
of a recovery as the troubled tool hire
group returned to profit during the
second half of last year and said that
underlying revenues since then had
continued to grow.
Even though Steve Ashmore, the
chief executive of HSS, scrapped the
final dividend and reported a sharp
widening in pre-tax losses for the year,
the rental company?s shares staged a
mini recovery amid suggestions it was
finally reversing the problems it has
endured since its stock market listing
three years ago.
HSS Hire specialises in providing the
day-to-day tools and equipment, such
as concrete mixers and chainsaws,
needed for smaller building and repair
jobs, and the vast majority of its
customers come from the trade. It em-
ploys 2,900 staff and operates from
more than 250 branches.
The company floated on the stock
market for 210p a share in early 2015,
but the shares subsequently lost close
to 90 per cent of their value after it hit
investors with four profit warnings in
quick succession and parted ways with
two chief executives.
Mr Ashmore was brought in to head
the company in May last year in a fresh
effort to turn the business around. He
immediately carried out a strategic
review, after which he pledged to cut
the company?s debt pile, shut branches
and bring down costs.
Mr Ashmore also reversed the
decision made by his predecessor, John
Gill, to centralise HSS Hire?s distribution into a single location in Cowley,
Oxfordshire, that would have been
operated by Unipart, a company that
specialises in supply chain manage-
ment and is headquartered locally. At a
total cost of �.7 million, Mr Ashmore
has cut back the contract with Unipart,
and HSS will now test and maintain its
kit in its branches. The HSS chief said
doing things this way would save the
business � million a year and help to
improve the availability of its products.
Mr Ashmore said yesterday he was
confident HSS could ?deliver on its full
potential? and added that ?there is
momentum in the business?.
Over the full financial year to the end
of December, the cost of overhauling
the business, in part by shutting
210p
Price of shares at float. Now 30紁
HSS, which sponsors the Aprire women?s cycling team, says revenues are growing
branches and laying off staff, left HSS
with a pre-tax loss of �.2 million,
against a �.4 million loss for the
previous year.
HSS added that the improved trading
in the second half had continued into
the first three months of this year, when
underlying revenues grew by more
than 6 per cent against the comparable
period the previous year.
The City had been preparing for
annual losses of the size reported yesterday and, encouraged by stronger
recent trading, the shares closed 3.8 per
cent higher at 30紁.
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45
1G M
Business
Mobile giants spend �4bn to secure 5G
Gurpreet Narwan
Britain?s four biggest mobile networks
have spent almost �4 billion to ensure
they secure access to the new 5G spectrum needed to launch the enhanced
mobile phone services of the future.
EE, Vodafone, O2 and Three paid almost double what analysts had expected to obtain the ?next generation? of 5G
frequencies in an auction by Ofcom,
the communications regulator. The
new airwaves, or spectrum, are needed
to underpin the internet of things,
where, in the future, connected devices
will be controllable via a smartphone
from anywhere with a 5G connection.
Ofcom auctioned 34 lots of spectrum
across two bands: 3.4 GHz, one of the
bands earmarked for 5G, and 2.3 GHz,
which will help improve the availability
of 4G for current mobile phone users.
The 5G airwave is not expected to be
widely on smartphones before 2020.
Vodafone won 50 MHz of 3.4 GHz
spectrum for �8 million; EE, which is
owned by BT, paid �3 million for
40 MHz of 3.4 GHz, while Three
secured 20 MHz of 3.4 GHz spectrum
for �1 million.
It was O2 that was the biggest winner
after securing all 40 blocks of 2.3 GHz
for �6 million. It said it would begin
deploying the airwaves immediately,
starting in London before rolling out to
other big cities in the coming months. It
also secured 40 MHz of 3.4 GHz
spectrum for �8 million.
Mark Evans, chief executive of Telef髇ica UK, the parent company of O2,
said that it had ?thrown down a major
marker? for its ?future commitment to
the UK?. He added: ?Our investment in
3.4 GHz enables us to move forward to
further improve connectivity whilst
boosting the economy and laying the
foundations for 5G in Britain.?
With only a 12 per cent share of the
spectrum before the latest auction, O2
was one of the most constrained operators, making the deal important to its
future expansion. Analysts said the sale
?gives it the certainty to continue its
mobile-centric strategy in the UK
market?. It now has a 28 per cent share.
Ofcom imposed a 37 per cent cap on
the spectrum allocated to any single
player after the auction, a decision that
was challenged by Three, which called
for a lower cap of 30 per cent in an
attempt to weaken the dominance of
Vodafone and EE over the British
market for mobile data services. EE
Why it matters
The latest airwaves auction is seen
as critical to shaping the future of
the telecoms industry. The 2.3 GHz
band sale will help to improve 4G
capacity for mobile users, while the
3.4 GHz sale will pave the way for 5G
technology. 5G will greatly improve
data speeds on mobile phones and,
as more and more people connect
personal devices to the web, free up
bandwidth. Operators are keenly
anticipating the internet of things ?
a world in which everything from
cars and home appliances to drones
and traffic lights can communicate
with one another and their owners;
5G will underpin much of this.
now owns 35 per cent of the mobile
spectrum, Vodafone has 27 per cent and
Three owns 18 per cent.
Although the auction beat analysts?
expectations, it raised about �billion
less than the 4G sale in 2013 and is a far
cry from the �.5 billion raised for 3G
spectrum two decades ago.
Ofcom will move to the ?assignment?
stage, which allows companies who bid
to determine where in the frequency
bands their new spectrum will be
located. They will then be issued with
licences to use the relevant spectrum.
Philip Marnick, of Ofcom, said:
?Releasing these airwaves will make it
quicker and easier to get online on the
move. It will also allow companies to
prepare for 5G mobile, paving the way
for a range of smart, connected
devices.?
TIMES PHOTOGRAPHER RICHARD POHLE
No sign of full house
as casinos and bingo
halls lose customers
T
he owner of
Mecca bingo
clubs and
Grosvenor
Casinos has issued a
profits warning after
visitor numbers fell due
to poor weather and low
consumer confidence
(Gurpreet Narwan
writes).
Rank Group, the listed
gambling company, said
that full-year operating
profits will fall to
between � million and
� million, down from
�.5 million last year
and below analysts?
forecasts. It will report
lower than expected
profits after like-for-like
revenues fell 2 per cent
at Mecca bingo halls and
9 per cent at Grosvenor
Casinos in the 13 weeks
to April 1, despite
revenue in its digital
business growing by
17 per cent.
Shares in Rank fell by
more than 15 per cent,
closing down 33絧 at
180p.
It has suffered a
period of steady decline
and the latest results
serve as a fresh blow
after its chief executive,
Henry Birch, announced
last month that he
would be leaving to join
Shop Direct this year.
Rank?s history can be
traced back to the 1930s
and it used to be part of
a British entertainment
conglomerate that
included film production
studios and cinemas,
such as Pinewood
studios and Odeon
cinemas. These were
sold at the start of the
21st century and it
pivoted towards
gambling. Grosvenor
Casinos is the
largest casino
chain in the UK.
It operates Rank
Interactive, an
online betting
platform.
Rank said
The poker player Liv Boeree, left, at the Grosvenor Victoria Casino in London. Rank Group also owns Mecca bingo halls
its bingo hall and casino
business were affected
by ?weaker than
expected visits?, in part
due to the cold weather.
It also said Grosvenor?s
underperformance has
been exacerbated by a
?negative contribution?
from VIPs, suggesting
high-spending gamblers
have got lucky recently.
It comes as consumer
spending has stagnated
in Britain, leaving many
high street retailers
exposed. Toys R Us and
Maplin have fallen into
administration this year
and several others,
including New Look and
Carpetright, have begun
carrying out company
voluntary arrangements
(CVAs), a type of
insolvency process that
involves shutting down
struggling stores.
Rank said it expects
both its bingo halls and
casinos to be affected for
the rest of the year.
Fund managers escape feared crackdown Healthcare group takes hit
Katherine Griffiths
Fund managers will have to work out
what value for money they offer customers but will not have to comply with
more draconian measures suggested by
the financial regulator last year.
The Financial Conduct Authority
said that the �trillion industry must
provide its assessments from September 2019 as part of a beefed-up duty to
act in the best interests of customers.
However, in a move regarded as
weakening a previous proposal, the
assessment will be broader than just
focusing on costs. Shares in asset managers outpaced gains in the broader
stock market after the announcement.
The reforms build on the watchdog?s
review of the asset management sector
published last June that found evidence
of weak competition on price.
The FCA also launched a further
consultation on remedies related to
funds providing better information on
products, covering how fund objectives
can be expressed more clearly, and
benchmarks for tracking performance.
This would make life harder for closet
trackers, or funds that misleadingly
claim they actively choose investments
and charge higher fees. Tracker funds
that follow a benchmark, such as the
FTSE 100 index, charge lower fees.
Fund managers will have to appoint
at least two independent directors to
their boards by September 2019. Simon
Turner, a partner in EY?s asset management practice, said: ?The requirement
to appoint independent directors to the
board reinforces the regulator?s commitment to make governance a major
element in investor protection, and
gives clarity to what authorised fund
managers now need to consider when
acting for their clients, which in its most
basic form is to focus on good outcomes, not just rock-bottom prices.?
Box profits, where fund managers
make money from moving investors
from one of their funds to another, will
mostly be banned. Box profits are generated from the spread between bid and
offer prices and the change could cost
asset managers � million a year.
The proposals were welcomed as a
sensible outcome. Andrew Strange, a
director of PWC, said the FCA ?struck
a pragmatic balance between prescriptive rules and flexible guidance?.
Miles Costello
Investors in the healthcare group BTG
have been told to brace for a big hit
because a treatment for the lung
disease emphysema is taking longer to
develop than expected.
Shares in BTG suffered their sharpest one-day fall in more than a decade
after it said it did not expect Pneumrx
to generate material revenues for the
next two years. It said that it was taking
longer than it had anticipated to get to
the point where it could launch
Pneumrx into the American market,
though it hoped to receive pre-marketing approval by the end of the year.
BTG shares skidded almost 18 per
cent lower at one point before closing
down 67絧 at 592絧, a fall of more than
10 per cent on the day. Its major shareholders include Neil Woodford, whose
Woodford Investment Management
has 10.5 per cent, according to Reuters.
BTG traces its history back to 1948,
when it was formed by the government
as a drugs technology incubator. It now
concentrates
on
interventional
medicines to treat cancer, emphysema
and vascular conditions. BTG listed on
the stock exchange in 1995 and is in the
FTSE 250. It has been led for the past
14 years by Louise Makin, who was
given a damehood in 2014.
BTG said it believed there was an opportunity for its Pneumrx coils, which
hold the airways open. It said it would
have to take an impairment charge of
about �0 million in its annual results
to the end of March to reflect the delays.
46
1G M
Friday April 6 2018 | the times
Business Markets
news in brief
Tempus
Buy, sell or hold: today?s best share tips
Yellen takes stage
Janet Yellen has carried out her
first paid speaking engagement
since stepping down as
chairwoman of the US Federal
Reserve at the end of January.
The event, hosted by Jefferies in a
Manhattan penthouse, included a
dinner for 40 and a question and
answer session with more than
100 clients of the investment
bank. Ms Yellen, who headed the
central bank for four years, has
confirmed that she was paid but
did not disclose any confidential
information. She said: ?I talked
about the economy and general
perspectives on monetary policy.?
Bank looking beyond the ringfence
barclays
Capital 13.3%
2017 dividend 3p
Value play
Annual profit
�5bn
Core equity tier 1 ratio
Share price
A
electrocomponents
Profits forecast
2018 �1m+
Revenue growth
2018 13%
T
he Electrocomponents?
turnaround has left investors
pausing for breath in recent
months, but the shares were given
impetus yesterday when the FTSE
250 electronics distributor raised
full-year profit forecasts.
In a fourth quarter trading update,
before its annual results next month,
it said revenue growth had remained
strong and gross margins were better
than expected, prompting it to raise
adjusted pre-tax profit forecasts
?slightly? ahead of the top end of the
230
p
220
210
200
Source: Thomson Reuters
s ever for the chief
executive of a big bank, it
is a case of one step
forward and then at least
one back. So it is for
Jes Staley at Barclays. He pulled off
a significant feat over the Easter
weekend by setting up Barclays? new
ringfenced bank for 24 million retail
and small business customers with
�0 million of assets. That made
Barclays the first bank to comply
with rules that become law next year
which are intended to protect high
street operations from failure.
Not only was there a benefit in
getting the job done, Mr Staley?s
policy was also designed to put
Barclays onto a better footing with
regulators. However, Moody?s came
along and slightly spoilt the
celebration by cutting the bank?s
debt rating to one level above junk
and flagging the likelihood of
more swings in the earnings of its
non-ringfenced investment bank.
The downgrade is not the end of
the world. The credit ratings of most
banks going through ringfencing
may come under pressure because
they will have to fund both parts
separately. The issue is bigger for
Barclays as funding its investment
bank, whose �0 billion of assets
will go into the non-ringfenced part,
will be a bigger task than for others.
Another positive development for
Q2 2017
190
Q4
190bps*
Dec 2015
Dec 2017
*bps = basis points
Business breakdown
Consumer
cards and
payments
1,067 969
180
Q4
income
()
170
1,282
1%
Q3
13.3%
11.4%
Q1 2018
Markets
18%
Banking
5%
Barclays has been its settlement with
the US Department of Justice over
mis-selling toxic mortgage bonds in
the run-up to the financial crisis. The
bank struck the deal last week at
$2 billion, less than half the amount
the American authorities had sought.
Removing that uncertainty leaves
only one big regulatory issue, but it is
a big one. Next Tuesday marks the
one-year anniversary of the bank?s
announcement that Mr Staley was
being investigated over his attempt
to unmask a whistleblower. Not
knowing for a year, and probably
longer, whether the boss will stay
or go is an extraordinary situation
for shareholders to be in, and is
weighing on the bank?s share price.
And then there is Edward
Bramson. The activist investor has
taken a 5 per cent stake in Barclays,
making his vehicle, Sherborne, one
of the five biggest shareholders in
the lender. It is unclear what Mr
Bramson wants from Barclays ? his
previous playbooks have included
restructuring ? but it is obvious that
he thinks the bank is undervalued.
market?s consensus range of between
�1 million and �1.8 million for the
year to the end of March. This was
well received, with one broker calling
it a ?confident statement?, pushing
shares up 3.4 per cent to 598紁.
They have come a long way under
Lindsley Ruth, the chief executive
leading the revival, from a low of
172絧 in September 2015, shortly
before the American outlined his
turnaround strategy, but had pulled
back in recent months from last
November?s peak of 709p.
Electrocomponents, which trades
under the brands Allied Electronics
& Automation and RS Components,
stocks more than 500,000
electronics and industrial products,
billing itself as a ?one-stop source for
everything engineers need?. It works
with about 2,500 suppliers and
operates in 32 markets.
Mr Ruth has been slashing costs,
improving service and customer
relationships and turning around its
business in Asia. It has finished the
first phase of its plan, finding annual
savings of � million, and there will
be an update on the next leg of the
shake-up at the full year results.
Like-for-like revenue rose 10 per
cent in its fourth quarter, leaving it
up 13 per cent for the year.
Although the low hanging fruit has
largely been picked, the outlook is
positive and the US-China trade war
is unlikely to ?immediately? affect it,
ADVICE Buy
WHY Barclays has built its
capital to a strong 13 per cent
with further accruals set to be
returned to shareholders
There are many in the City who
agree. But there is little consensus
about whether Mr Staley?s plan is the
right one to improve returns and
eventually drive up the share price.
Mr Staley has set about focusing
Barclays on the UK and US, and put
forward a defence of being a
universal bank on the grounds that
investment and retail banking
balance each other in terms of profits
and risk. The problem areas are
costs and capital allocation in the
investment bank. As analysts at
Jefferies noted in the fourth quarter
of last year, the investment bank
generated 44 per cent of the group?s
revenue and 59 per cent of operating
costs. But investment in the division
appears to be paying off: its
performance towards the end of the
year was relatively strong and Mr
Staley says it had a good start to
2018. Stripping out litigation costs,
the bank delivered a return on
tangible equity of 5.6 per cent in 2017.
The lender is promising a trajectory
towards 10 per cent by 2020.
Barclays pledged to more than
double its dividend to 6.5p for 2018
and is signalling that more cash will
start to be returned to shareholders.
That may not be for a while, but it is
on the agenda now that Barclays has
settled with the US authorities and
almost completed its restructuring
The shares have been drifting up
in the past couple of months but still
trade at about 0.8 times tangible net
asset value. That looks good value
for a bank where the news is likely to
be good over the next few months.
DNO raises Faroe stake
DNO, the Norwegian oil
company, has increased its stake
in Faroe Petroleum to 27.68 per
cent, after announcing on
Wednesday that it had bought a
15.4 per cent holding in the UKlisted energy group. DNO bought
the initial stake from Israel?s
Delek Group and said it would
offer to buy up to 10 per cent of
Faroe?s shares from other
shareholders, although it does not
plan a full takeover. Shares in
Faroe closed 6.1 per cent higher
yesterday at 125p.
Banker warns on rates
The head of America?s largest
bank has said that the country?s
economy is in danger of
?overheating?, leaving the Federal
Reserve no alternative but to
raise interest rates much sooner
than expected. Jamie Dimon,
chief executive of JP Morgan,
told shareholders that central
banks may soon have to take
?drastic action?. On the subject of
Brexit, the banker said that it
was ?complex and hard to figure
out, and the long-term impact
to the UK is still uncertain.?
with it saying most US products are
from domestic suppliers, according to
analysts at Jefferies.
The decent revenue growth and
better margins have underpinned
strong cashflows, raising hopes of a
dividend rise, which is more than
two times covered, the highest in 15
years, according to Quest, part of
Canaccord Genuity. There is also
scope for mergers and acquisitions.
Accolade wine sale
Australia?s Accolade Wines, the
producer of the Hardy?s and Echo
Falls labels, has been snapped up
by Carlyle Group, the US private
equity firm, for $770 million.
Accolade is the biggest wine
company by volume in Australia
and the UK, and its brands also
include Banrock Station and
Kumala. In 2017 Australian wine
exports to mainland China
jumped 63 per cent to a record
A$848 million (�5 million),
putting it just behind France in
sales of wine to the country.
ADVICE Buy
WHY Prospect of bigger
returns or M&A, and shares
have pulled back from peak
PRICES
Major indices
London Financial Futures
New York
Dow Jones
Nasdaq Composite
S&P 500
24505.22 (+240.92)
7076.55 (+34.45)
2662.84 (+18.15)
Tokyo
Nikkei 225
21645.42 (+325.87)
Hong Kong
Hang Seng
29518.69 n/a
Amsterdam
AEX Index
Sydney
AO
540.49 (+14.31)
5888.00 (+24.30)
Frankfurt
DAX
12305.19 (+347.29)
Singapore
Straits
3405.65 (+65.95)
Brussels
BEL20
3889.02 (+80.75)
Paris
CAC-40
5276.67 (+134.88)
Zurich
SMI Index
DJ EURO Stoxx 50
8742.60 (+188.91)
3429.95 (+89.60)
London
FTSE 100
7199.50 (+165.49)
FTSE 250
19576.17 (+311.95)
FTSE 350
4011.25 (+87.38)
FTSE Eurotop 100
2851.85 (+72.82)
FTSE All-Shares
3961.28 (+84.65)
FTSE Non Financials
4619.23 (+109.62)
techMARK 100
4337.49 (+76.98)
Bargains
n/a
US$
1.3997 (-0.0089)
Euro
1.1434 (-0.0028)
�SDR
0.96 (+0.00)
Exchange Index
80.08 (+0.21)
Bank of England official close (4pm)
CPI
104.90 Feb (2015 = 100)
RPI
278.10 Feb (Jan 1987 = 100)
RPIX
278.60 Feb (Jan 1987 = 100)
Morningstar Long Commodity
590.59 (-2.53)
Morningstar Long/Short Commod 4200.05 (-14.09)
Long Gilt
3-Mth Sterling
3-Mth Euribor
3-Mth Euroswiss
FTSE100
FTSEurofirst 80
Period
Jun 18
Sep 18
Jun 18
Sep 18
Dec 18
Mar 19
Jun 19
Jun 18
Sep 18
Dec 18
Mar 19
Jun 19
Jun 18
Sep 18
Dec 18
Jun 18
Sep 18
Jun 18
Sep 18
Commodities
Open
122.49
High
122.55
Low
122.10
99.090
99.000
98.920
98.850
98.770
100.32
100.32
100.30
100.26
100.18
100.73
100.72
100.68
7030.0
6990.5
99.095
99.010
98.930
98.850
98.780
100.33
100.32
100.30
100.27
100.19
100.73
100.72
100.68
7147.5
7015.0
99.085
99.000
98.910
98.830
98.750
100.32
100.31
100.30
100.26
100.18
100.72
100.70
100.66
7019.0
6990.5
Sett
122.24
121.49
99.085
99.000
98.910
98.840
98.760
100.32
100.32
100.30
100.26
100.18
100.73
100.71
100.67
7122.0
7054.0
4736.5
4732.5
Vol
193654
Open Int
716428
63910
34727
53238
41815
47497
21397
48152
38539
49083
64946
634
3080
7063
121198
4
770892
477434
497735
365403
384255
581077
554912
564275
367625
427894
67771
73351
95438
636134
116
ICIS pricing (London 7.30pm)
Brent (9.00pm)
Crude Oils ($/barrel FOB)
Jun
Jul
Aug
Brent Physical
BFOE(Jul)
BFOE(Jun)
WTI(Jun)
WTI(Jul)
67.44
68.07
68.44
63.41
63.54
+0.63
+0.66
+0.31
+0.52
+0.21
Spot CIF NW Europe (prompt delivery)
Premium Unld
Gasoil EEC
3.5 Fuel Oil
Naphtha
677.00
601.25
352.50
589.00
677.00
603.25
353.00
593.00
+1.00
-2.75
+5.00
+5.00
Sep
Oct
67.09-67.06
66.73-66.68
Volume: 1309839
1726-1724
1767-1762
1782-1774
1780-1747
1775-1762
1758-1737
Jul
Sep
Dec
1800-1720
1787-1737
1791-1762
LIFFE
Cocoa
May
Jul
Sep
Dec
Mar
May
Products ($/MT)
68.41-68.40
67.97-67.96
67.53-67.49
Volume: 89889
RobustaCoffee
May
Jul
Sep
Nov
1756-1755
1768-1765
1765-1756
1767-1755
Jan
Mar
1769-1762
1779-1773
Volume: 28330
ICE Futures
� 2017 Tradeweb Markets LLC. All rights reserved.
The Tradeweb FTSE Gilt Closing Prices information contained
herein is proprietary to Tradeweb; may not be copied or
re-distributed; is not warranted to be accurate, complete or timely; and does not constitute
investment advice. Tradeweb is not responsible for any loss or damage that might result
from the use of this information.
White Sugar (FOB)
Gas Oil
Apr
May
May
608.25-607.75
606.75-606.50
603.25-603.00
Jul
Aug
600.00-599.50
599.00-598.50
Volume: 513616
Reuters
May
Aug
Oct
350.60-350.50
344.40-343.50
340.40-339.50
Dec
Mar
May
Aug
346.50-344.00
355.00-353.40
368.30-360.00
367.10-363.40
Volume: 35286
the times | Friday April 6 2018
47
1G M
Markets Business
GETTY
Miners bounce back with
trade war fears easing
Miles Costello Market report
S
hares in London?s mining
groups staged a comeback as
fears of a trade war between
the US and China eased and
investors moved back into
higher yielding but riskier stocks.
Having endured persistent falls in
recent days as President Trump and
China stepped up the rhetoric over
threats to impose import tariffs on
thousands of goods, natural resources
companies with exposure to earnings
in dollars and contracts with China all
posted gains.
Metals groups and miners were in
demand across the board but the
biggest winner was Evraz, the Russian
steel producer, which put on more
than 5 per cent to close 23紁 up at
450絧. Also on the up among the big
companies were Glencore, which
The arch from the original Chicago
exchange, which was built in 1893
Exchange, which owns
the New York
exchange, announced
the deal yesterday, six
weeks after American
regulators blocked the
sale of the 136-year-old
Chicago exchange to
China-based investors.
The purchase will
likely be completed
this summer, and
requires approval from
the Securities and
Exchange Commission,
the chief financial
regulator. The sale will
Chicago is
New York?s
kind of town
T
he owner of the
New York Stock
Exchange is to
buy its much smaller
rival, the Chicago
Stock Exchange, in a
deal thought to be
worth $70 million
(Robert Miller writes).
Intercontinental
end the independence
of the last US regional
stock exchange, which
handles less than 1 per
cent of domestic stocktrading volume.
Intercontinental will
buy all the outstanding
shares of CHX
Holdings, the parent
company of the
Chicago exchange, as
part of the transaction.
Intercontinental
Exchange shares
closed 0.2 per cent up
at $72.53 last night.
Results in brief
Name
Pre-tax figure
Profit (+) loss (-)
Dividend
HSS Hire (services FY)
Walker Greenbank (consumer FY)
-�.2m (-�.4m)
�.8m (�)
nil
4.37p f 3.68p p Aug 10
6 Results in brief are given for all companies valued at more than � million. f = final p = payable
The day?s biggest movers
Change
Company
Sophos Group Says annual billings growth will be at the top end of forecasts
Micro Focus Boosted by tech market recovery
Contour Global Posts increase in annual profits and revenues
Evraz Fears of an international trade war recede
Wizz Air Big increase in passenger numbers at budget airline
Randgold Resources Follows gold price lower
Sanne Group Company places 3.6m shares
Direct Line Shares start trading without the right to latest dividend
BTG To take �0m impairment charge on underperforming new drug
Rank Group Downgrades profit forecasts on weak consumer spending
London Grain Futures
LIFFE Wheat (close �/t)
May
145.00 Jul
Jan
unq Mar
Gold/Precious
metals (US dollars per ounce)
unq
unq
Nov
146.25
Volume: 1637
London Metal Exchange
(Official)
Cash
3mth
15mth
Copper Gde A ($/tonne)
6766.0-6767.0
7310.0-7320.0
2383.0-2385.0
1980.0-1985.0
European money
deposits %
1943.0-1948.0
Currency
Zinc Spec Hi Gde ($/tonne)
3233.0-3234.0
3231.0-3233.0
Tin ($/tonne)
21050.0-21075.0
20975.0-21000.0
20585.0-20635.0
Alum Hi Gde ($/tonne)
1968.0-1969.0
1989.5-1990.0
0.00.0
Wall Street report
Markets posted their first three-day
positive run in almost a month as
fears of an escalating trade war
between the US and China eased.
The Dow Jones industrial average
was up 240.92 points at 24,505.22.
The S&P 500 rose 18.10 to 2,662.79.
added 13緋 to 358緋, Anglo
American, up 57p to �.44�, and Rio
Tinto, 107絧 higher at �.45�.
Risers among the medium-sized
groups included Tullow Oil, up 11紁
at 204絧, Kaz Minerals, 36絧 higher
at 877p, and Cairn Energy, 7絧 better
at 216紁.
Mr Trump has threatened to put
tariffs of a respective 25 per cent and
10 per cent on imports of steel and
aluminium, prompting Beijing to
retaliate with a list of 106 products
that it would hit with higher duties if
the US followed through.
As suppliers to the US and China,
natural resources companies would
suffer from tariffs, which could reduce
demand for their commodities. The
City took its cue for a relief rally from
Larry Kudlow, the top White House
economic adviser, who noted that the
tariffs remained proposals on both
sides and said he thought that the US
and China would resolve the dispute.
The largest companies stormed
ahead as dealers switched out of
Finance House 1.0
1 mth
ECB Refi 0.00
US Fed Fd 1.25-1.50
2 mth
3 mth
6 mth
12 mth
0.5128
0.6072
0.7429
0.8610
1.0226
Clearer CDs
0.60-0.50
0.70-0.60
0.83-0.73
1.00-0.85
1.18-1.03
Depo CDs
0.60-0.50
0.70-0.60
0.83-0.73
1.00-0.85
1.18-1.03
Eurodollar Deps
1.85-2.05
1.97-2.17
2.29-2.49
2.43-2.63
2.64-2.84
Sterling spot and forward rates
1mth
3mth
6mth
12mth
0.13
0.20
0.29
0.55
0.51
0.74
0.86
1.02
0.10
0.15
0.20
0.50
Mkt Rates for
Copenhagen
Euro
Montreal
New York
Oslo
Stockholm
Tokyo
Zurich
chain. The Times
understands that
Sainsbury?s, which
has a growing clothes
and babywear
business, Tu, did
assess Mothercare
briefly, as it would any
potential opportunity,
but discussions never
Range
8.5106-8.5457
1.1473-1.1430
1.7860-1.7988
1.3967-1.4096
10.952-11.019
11.780-11.832
150.04-150.68
1.3460-1.3536
Close
8.5184-8.5195
1.1441-1.1439
1.7904-1.7907
1.4000-1.4001
10.970-10.974
11.794-11.797
150.34-150.35
1.3478-1.3479
1 month
75ds
7pr
14pr
19pr
33pr
105ds
9ds
16ds
Premium = pr
3 month
267ds
26pr
39pr
57pr
96pr
358ds
33ds
54ds
Discount = ds
Australia
Canada
Denmark
Euro
Hong Kong
Japan
Malaysia
Norway
Singapore
Sweden
Switzerland
Exchange rates
1.3017-1.3018
1.2789-1.2790
6.0844-6.0849
0.8171-0.8171
7.8487-7.8491
107.38-107.39
3.8640-3.8690
7.8362-7.8380
1.3163-1.3164
8.4242-8.4256
0.9627-0.9627
Other Sterling
Argentina peso
Australia dollar
Bahrain dinar
Brazil real
Euro
Hong Kong dollar
India rupee
Indonesia rupiah
Kuwait dinar KD
Malaysia ringgit
New Zealand dollar
Singapore dollar
S Africa rand
U A E dirham
reached board level
and it never
considered making
an offer.
Mothercare opened
its first store in Surrey
in 1961 and has about
1,300 in more than 50
countries, including
about 140 in Britain.
Trading has been
volatile as it struggles
with leases, rising
costs and competition
from web retailers.
Mothercare?s stock
has been under heavy
pressure, falling from
about 65p at the start
of the year. It is in
talks with lenders to
renegotiate the terms
of its loans before
May 17, when full-year
results are published.
towards the top of its forecast of
between 20 per cent and 22 per cent.
Contour Global picked up 14p to
246p after the power generation
business reported a 17 per cent
increase in profits before tax and
other items to $513 million on
revenues of just above $1 billion.
Gloom came in the form of Aviva,
down 14緋 at 487緋, and Direct Line,
off 23絧 at 348p, after both insurers
went ex-dividend, meaning new
buyers no longer have the right to
receive the latest payout.
On the FTSE 250, Rank slid more
than 15 per cent, down 33絧 to 180p,
after the operator of casinos and
bingo halls said punters spending less
meant that annual operating profits
would be as low as � million, down
from �.5 million the previous year.
On Aim, James Halstead, the
floorings specialist, said it was in the
?very early stages? of making an offer
for its smaller rival Airea. The news
sent Airea 8紁 higher to 59p while
James Halstead added 12p to 410p.
Dollar rates
Clearing Banks: 0.50
Interbank Rates
The struggling baby
retailer was helped by
takeover speculation
investments perceived as offering a
safe harbour and into shares that are
more volatile but potentially more
rewarding. Analysts at Citi also gave
shares a boost after they said the
British market looked cheap and
upgraded their view of UK equities to
?overweight?.
The FTSE 100 rose by 165.49 points
to 7,199.50, its highest level since
mid-March. The FTSE 250 jumped
311.95 points to 19,576.17, the best it
has been in a fortnight.
Elsewhere among the large groups,
Micro Focus added 89p to �.94, a
rise of nearly 9 per cent that reverses
some of the losses suffered since the
software company downgraded its
outlook for revenues and was caught
up in a technology market sell-off.
On the FTSE 250, and in a similar
vein, Sophos roared more than
15.5 per cent higher, up 64絧 to
480絧, after the cybersecurity group
that has been battered by fears of an
earnings slowdown said that growth
in annual billings would come in
Treasury Bills (Dis) Buy: 1 mth 0.300; 3 mth 0.697. Sell: 1 mth 0.198; 3 mth 0.360
Euro
13350.0-13360.0
N
ews that
J Sainsbury
may have
considered buying
Mothercare sent
shares in the
struggling baby and
maternity retailer
soaring yesterday.
Mothercare closed
up more than 11 per
cent at 19紁 a share
yesterday just a day
after it announced
Mark Newton-Jones
was leaving as chief
executive and would
be replaced by David
Wood, who has
previously worked at
Kmart and Tesco.
It followed a Press
Assocation report
that Sainsbury?s had
run the rule over the
Halifax Mortgage Rate 3.99
Sterling
Nickel ($/tonne)
13280.0-13285.0
Base Rates
Dollar
2280.0-2285.0
Soothing day for Mothercare
Money rates %
Bullion: Open $1333.23
Close $1325.10-1325.90 High $1333.54
Low $1322.50
AM $1327.05 PM $1327.70
Krugerrand $1311.00-1383.00 (�6.38987.80)
Platinum $914.00 (�2.82)
Silver $16.38 (�.70)
Palladium $913.00 (�2.11)
6795.0-6800.0
Lead ($/tonne)
2383.0-2383.5
15.5%
8.9%
6.0%
5.5%
4.7%
-2.5%
-4.3%
-6.3%
-10.2%
-15.7%
RETAIL
28.257-28.271
1.8225-1.8227
0.5245-0.5314
4.6582-4.6624
1.1439-1.1440
10.988-10.990
90.779-90.793
19295-19304
0.4191-0.4214
5.4102-5.4172
1.9255-1.9258
1.8427-1.8433
16.726-16.739
5.1383-5.1397
Australia $
Canada $
Denmark Kr
Egypt
Euro �
Hong Kong $
Hungary
Indonesia
Israel Shk
Japan Yen
New Zealand $
Norway Kr
Poland
Russia
S Africa Rd
Sweden Kr
Switzerland Fr
Turkey Lira
USA $
Bank buys Bank sells
2.000
1.740
1.970
1.710
9.160
8.030
n/a
n/a
1.250
1.090
11.870
10.440
391.630
322.210
22299.800
17787.500
5.470
4.670
161.860
140.180
2.160
1.830
11.980
10.360
5.310
4.350
87.660
72.990
18.540
15.700
12.620
11.220
1.480
1.280
6.250
5.350
1.540
1.350
Rates for banknotes and traveller's cheques as
traded by Royal Bank of Scotland plc yesterday
Data as shown is
for information
purposes only. No offer is made by
Morningstar or this publication
the times | Friday April 6 2018
49
1G M
Unit Trusts Business
The Times unit trust information service
Sell
Buy
+/-
Yld
%
For Abbey National see Santander
For Allchurches see Ecclesiastical
ALLIANZ GLOBAL INVESTORS
Inv Serv: 020 7065 1400 Helpline: 0800 317 573
Gilt Yield A ?@
Strategic Bond Fund ?@
UK Corp Bond C ?@
UK Eqty C ?@
UK Eqty Inc A ?@
UK Gwth A ?@
UK Index A Inc ?@
UK Mid Cap A ?@
177.60
148.54
104.79
6317.26
287.21
5588.66
1423.81
4976.49
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-1.39
-0.88
-0.78
-14.91
+4.93
+55.68
-5.83
+89.83
1.25
0.49
3.87
3.28
4.35
1.21
3.01
0.13
1638.42
106.37
101.34
370.56
31.39
264.55
128.74
95.69
105.48
83.79
436.69
235.80
73.61
86.16
101.25
60.20
101.06
60.26
561.55
1714.13
599.75
+29.63
+1.63
+1.55
+8.30
+0.40
+5.60
+2.44
+1.81
+1.69
+0.15
+6.69
+3.61
+0.28
+1.19
+0.01
?
?
?
+9.56
+7.89
+8.74
1.79
0.79
0.79
0.85
0.43
0.86
3.64
3.75
?
5.46
3.82
3.93
4.24
?
3.35
3.42
3.35
3.41
1.20
1.31
1.61
AXA FRAMLINGTON UNIT MGMT LTD
Dling: 0845 602 1952 Priv Clients: 0845 777 5511
Equity Inc ?@
572.40
Gilt Acc @
201.30
Gilt Inc @
74.35
Health Acc ?@
1731.00
Jap Smlr Co Ac @
62.56
Managed Inc ?@
140.70
Monthly Inc Inc ?@
248.60
UK Growth Inc ?@
198.70
UK Select Opps Inc ?@ 1828.00
UK Sml Cos Inc ?@
282.90
?
211.80
78.24
?
66.09
?
?
?
?
?
-2.70
+0.10
-0.39
+24.00
-0.19
-0.10
+2.00
+3.70
+22.00
+1.10
4.43
1.08
1.09
?
0.30
4.16
4.55
1.58
0.22
0.05
AXA FUND MANAGERS LTD
Admin & Enq 0117 989 0808
AXA Trusts
Gen Acc ?@
Gen Inc ?@
2101.00
1079.00
?
?
+6.00
-2.00
2.64
2.70
UK/Global Investment Companies
Euro Acc A ?@
Extra Inc Inc B ?@
Global Gwth Acc R ?@
Japan Acc A ?@
Pac Gwth Acc A ?@
241.10
88.11
204.20
159.90
450.80
?
?
?
?
?
146.20
545.60
547.70
215.70
1.80
0.88
1.10
1.27
1.65
148.40
?
556.00
219.00
+2.90
+10.60
+11.20
+2.90
?
1.19
1.62
4.66
CLOSE FUND MANAGEMENT LTD
0870 606 6402
Beacon Inv ?
84.88
?
+0.35
0.01
Dealing: 020 7426 6232
Winchester ?
2629.67
?
+1.71
1.43
EDENTREE INV MGMT LTD
0800 358 3010
Amity European A ?
Amity International A ?
Amity Sterling Bond A ?
Amity UK A Inc ?
Higher Income A ?
UK Equity Growth A ?
261.80
266.70
105.50
229.30
132.20
277.80
?
?
?
?
?
?
+5.60
+3.50
-0.20
+2.90
+1.20
+3.70
1.11
1.18
4.58
1.48
4.45
1.07
Corporate Bond ?@
Ethical ?@
European ?@
Far Eastern ?
Fund of Inv Tst ?@
Intl Gwth ?
Japanese ?
North Amer ?
Smaller Cos ?@
Special Sits ?@
UK Equity Inc ?@
UK FTSE 100 IT ?@
UK FTSE All-S IT ?@
UK Growth ?@
Yld
%
2166.00
27.52
3745.00
1895.00
149.50
360.60
48.05
327.60
75.38
36.44
103.05
3839.00
69.75
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
327.60
?
?
?
?
72.18
+35.00
-0.06
+78.00
+38.00
+0.20
+3.90
+0.39
-0.10
+1.36
-0.17
+2.00
+51.00
+0.53
0.89
2.94
?
?
0.08
?
4.32
0.21
2.38
2.86
2.63
0.94
0.44
?
?
?
?
?
?
14.74
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
35.49
77.80
82.47
99.99
108.60
83.14
59.78
83.32
112.00
45.38
81.50
55.85
64.10
75.22
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.24
-0.17
-1.17
-1.81
-0.60
+0.24
+0.15
+1.01
-1.00
-0.75
-0.21
-0.88
-0.57
-0.24
Amer Ind Acc ?@
Amer Ind Inc ?@
Euro Ind Acc ?@
Euro Ind Inc ?@
FTSE 100 Ind Acc ?@
FTSE 100 Ind Inc ?@
FTSE 250 Ind Acc ?@
FTSE 250 Ind Inc ?@
FTSE All-S Acc ?@
FTSE All-S Inc ?@
Jap Ind Acc ?@
Jap Ind Inc ?@
Pac Ind Acc ?@
Pac Ind Inc ?@
485.66
416.66
835.40
601.03
217.24
117.53
259.63
178.73
559.57
336.84
119.22
101.73
372.60
264.91
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+4.88
+4.19
+17.65
+12.70
+3.37
+1.82
+3.91
+2.69
+10.84
+6.54
+0.20
+0.17
+2.85
+2.03
Balanced Acc ?@
208.24
Balanced Inc ?@
138.99
Corp Bd Acc ?@
276.59
Corp Bd Inc ?@
122.08
Gilt & Fd Int Acc ?@
462.71
Gilt & Fd Int Inc ?@
72.38
Income Acc ?@
625.48
Income Inc ?@
312.05
Monthly Inc Acc ?@
289.17
Monthly Inc Inc ?@
141.97
UK Grth & Inc Ret B Acc ?@129.32
UK Grth & Inc Ret B Inc ?@68.59
UK Gth & Inc Acc ?@
129.32
UK Gth & Inc Inc ?@
68.59
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+1.63
+1.09
-1.34
-0.59
-3.44
-0.54
+11.57
+5.77
+3.56
+1.75
+2.37
+1.26
+2.37
+1.26
Buy
+/-
Yld
%
Cautious Managed A Acc ?@410.55
Cautious Managed A Inc ?@270.86
Diversified Growth A Acc ?@127.89
Diversified Growth A Inc ?@139.89
Diversified Income A Acc ?@304.90
Diversified Income A Inc ?@79.01
Emerging Mkts Blended Debt A Acc ?@116.75
Emerging Mkts Blended Debt A Acc Gross ?@125.82
Emerging Mkts Blended Debt A Inc ?@89.05
Emerging Mkts Equity A Acc ?@145.92
Emrg Mkts Local Curr Debt A Acc ?@187.36
Emrg Mkts Local Curr Debt A Inc ?@97.97
Emrg Mkts Local Curr Debt Gross I Acc ?@220.49
Enhanced Natural Resources A Acc ?@113.00
Global Bond A Acc ?@
139.30
Global Bond A Inc ?@
109.33
Global Bond I Gross Inc ?@1167.00
Global Dynamic A Acc ?@ 145.27
Global Energy A Acc ?@ 181.44
Global Equity A Acc ?@ 148.10
Global Franchise A Acc ?@189.13
Global Free Enterprise A Acc ?@883.55
Global Gold A Acc ?@
118.81
Global Special Situations A Acc ?@261.08
Global Special Situations A Inc ?@206.14
Managed Growth A Acc ?@232.59
Monthly High Income A Acc ?@219.32
Monthly High Income A Inc ?@67.90
Multi-Asset Protector A Acc ?@171.64
Strategic Bond A Acc ?@ 244.54
Strategic Bond A Inc ?@ 119.47
Target Return A Acc ?@ 102.96
Target Return A Inc ?@ 90.43
UK Alpha A Acc ?@
2355.72
UK Blue Chip A Acc ?@ 770.11
UK Smaller Companies A Acc ?@4546.55
UK Smaller Companies A Inc ?@4121.98
UK Special Situations A Acc ?@1145.36
UK Special Situations A Inc ?@439.99
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.08
+0.05
+0.07
+0.07
-0.02
?
+0.03
+0.20
+0.03
+2.62
+0.16
+0.08
-0.05
+1.60
+4.03
+3.00
+29.78
+3.19
+3.51
+3.25
+4.07
+18.41
-1.25
+5.45
+4.30
+0.58
+0.01
?
+0.38
+0.19
+0.09
-0.37
-0.32
+39.74
+3.15
+45.41
+41.18
+19.06
+7.32
?
?
0.86
0.91
2.81
4.26
4.92
4.21
6.85
0.37
5.47
7.41
5.42
0.63
0.83
0.82
1.26
0.38
1.30
0.43
1.76
0.04
?
?
?
0.08
3.62
5.11
0.16
1.94
3.31
0.89
0.88
1.65
1.67
0.95
0.96
1.57
1.59
For ISIS Asset Mgmt see F&C Fd Mgmt Ltd (OEICS)
New Europe A ?@
Portfolio ?@
Stg Corp Bd A Acc ?@
Stg Corp Bd A Inc ?@
UK Act 350 A Acc ?@
UK Dynamic Acc ?@
UK Dynamic Inc ?@
UK Equity A Acc ?@
UK Equity A Inc ?@
UK Eqy & Bd Inc Acc ?@
UK Eqy & Bd Inc Inc ?@
UK Higher Inc A Acc ?@
UK Higher Inc A Inc ?@
UK Sm Cos A Acc ?@
UK Str Eq Inc A Acc ?@
UK Str Eq Inc A Inc ?@
US A Acc ?@
US Sm Cos A Acc ?@
Sell
Buy
+/-
Yld
%
208.40
258.60
92.40
55.42
199.00
196.30
154.80
401.90
46.44
167.10
90.29
1041.00
541.60
471.80
181.80
108.50
1000.00
618.20
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+3.90
+3.30
-0.34
-0.20
-2.20
+4.20
+3.30
+0.60
+0.07
-0.20
-0.48
+21.00
+10.70
+4.10
+3.80
+2.30
+25.00
+14.50
?
0.65
1.49
1.98
?
0.98
1.57
3.45
3.49
3.41
3.50
2.55
4.56
?
3.31
3.88
?
?
JUPITER UT MGRS LTD
020 7581 3020
Absolute Return ?@
53.75
Distribution and Growth ?@117.65
Emg Euro Opps ?@
214.35
Euro Special Sits ?@
404.06
European ?@
2093.09
Financial Opps ?@
599.58
Income Trust ?@
537.64
Merlin Bal (Acc) ?@
177.51
Merlin Gwth (Acc) ?@ 391.27
Merlin Inc (Acc) ?@
287.93
Merlin Wwide (Inc) ?@ 281.38
UK Growth ?@
317.76
UK Special Sits (Inc) ?@ 181.52
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.10
+1.69
+3.32
+6.57
+44.30
+5.52
+9.25
+0.49
-1.31
-0.60
-1.21
+3.46
+2.84
?
4.38
1.45
0.23
?
0.29
4.02
2.10
?
3.06
?
1.16
1.29
LEGAL & GENERAL (UT MGRS) LTD
Enquiries: 0870 050 0955 Dealing: 0870 050 0956
Equity Acc @
Equity Dist @
Euro Ind Acc @
Euro Ind Inc @
Fixed Int Acc @
2616.00
893.80
380.30
273.90
137.70
2639.00
902.00
380.30
273.90
138.50
-8.00
-2.70
+8.60
+6.20
-0.60
2.12
2.15
1.93
1.96
2.55
1.41
1.42
2.62
2.65
2.16
2.19
4.39
4.53
3.85
4.30
4.06
4.18
4.06
4.18
Sell
American Index Retail Acc ?@485.66
American Index Retail Inc ?@416.66
Asian Gth Acc ?@
150.40
Asian Gth Inc ?@
134.17
Chinese Eq Acc ?@
541.97
Chinese Eq Inc ?@
460.26
Euro Gth Acc ?@
812.04
Euro Gth Inc ?@
696.07
-0.20
+1.10
+18.20
-0.03
+7.90
+2.00
+0.12
+0.02
?
?
+5.40
+0.90
+0.30
+48.00
?
?
+3.10
2.73
?
0.86
2.92
3.43
?
5.36
3.57
3.18
3.37
?
0.96
0.47
1.14
3.25
3.34
0.34
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+4.88
+4.19
+0.91
+0.81
-0.91
-0.77
+17.82
+15.28
1.48
1.50
0.37
0.46
0.21
0.22
1.48
1.52
322.55
262.17
393.13
99.69
403.88
475.71
331.53
83.98
275.04
49.06
130.89
71.96
95.54
498.71
756.24
628.94
340.42
276.69
414.92
?
426.26
502.07
349.90
88.64
290.28
51.78
138.15
76.96
100.84
526.34
798.14
663.79
-3.34
-0.93
-1.40
-0.89
-3.57
-4.21
-3.09
-0.29
-0.92
-0.03
-0.06
+0.17
-0.11
-2.81
+1.64
+1.36
?
1.52
1.49
4.77
2.18
2.24
0.12
4.43
4.32
0.94
0.66
1.30
0.58
1.34
0.15
0.21
INSIGHT INVESTMENT FDS MANAGEMENT LTD
Client Servs: 0800 124 314
Insight Investment Global Investment Funds
Mthly Inc Bd Inc ?@
Mthly Inc Bd N Inc ?@
48.44
91.99
?
?
+0.10
+0.19
Insigt Investment Portfolio Fund
Insight Investment Multi-Manager Funds (0800)
96.05
93.79
?
?
-0.32
-0.36
UK Str Inc N/Trl ?@
507.66
?
+3.24
3.36
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+7.68
-0.21
+3.46
+4.62
+12.93
-0.01
+0.14
+3.42
+10.61
+7.75
+0.04
2.17
2.88
3.67
4.12
3.74
0.04
4.88
2.24
2.10
0.27
?
INVESCO PERPETUAL Funds
Childrens Acc ?@
443.44
Corp Bond Acc ?@
201.36
High Income Inc ?@
422.47
Income & Grth Inc ?@
405.38
Income Inc ?@
1610.32
Money Acc ?@
90.35
Monthly Inc Plus Inc ?@ 108.15
UK Aggressive Inc ?@
190.63
UK Growth Acc ?@
643.58
UK Sml Cos Eqty Acc ?@ 1210.43
UK Sml Cos Gwth ?@
82.54
American A Acc ?@
346.90
Asia ex Japan A Acc ?@ 622.88
Capital Accumulator A Acc ?@228.40
?
?
0.10
0.14
0.12
INVESCO FUND MGRS LTD
Dling: 0800 085 8571 Inv Serv: 0800 085 8677
Brkr Serv: 0800 028 2121
INVESCO Funds
Amer Spec Sits ?@
American ?@
Euro Opps ?@
+37.00
+77.00
+10.70
?
4.21
?
?
?
+8.30
-11.45
+2.97
?
0.53
1.18
+/-
Yld
%
-0.01
?
-0.20
-0.50
-1.60
-0.90
-1.70
-3.10
-0.50
-0.30
4.19
4.08
3.38
3.46
3.99
3.91
0.82
0.36
MANEK INVESTMENT MGMT LTD
0844 800 9401
Growth Fd Acc @
41.47
43.54
MARKS & SPENCER UNIT TRUST LTD
0808 005 5555
High Income
High Income Acc
UK 100 Comp Acc
UK 100 Cos
UK Select Pflo
UK Selection Port Acc
Worldwide Mgd Acc ?
Wwide Mgd ?
113.80
259.10
357.40
207.20
330.40
598.70
783.40
488.30
113.80
259.10
357.40
207.20
330.40
598.70
?
?
MORGAN STANLEY INVESTMENT MGMT LTD
Enquires: 0800 0961 962
The Morgan Stanley Funds (UK)
Class A Shares
Equity
Eur (Ex UK) Eq A Acc ?@1310.92
Glob Brands A Acc ?@ 7798.24
UK Eq A Acc ?@
1184.53
?
?
?
+4.24
+175.97
-0.02
1.25
1.11
1.66
?
?
?
-7.83
-3.80
?
1.95
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.70
+1.30
+3.60
+3.10
+4.30
+6.70
+4.20
2.69
2.01
5.51
3.03
3.93
3.12
3.20
+29.67
+3.48
+6.58
+0.43
+45.52
+5.37
+6.23
+27.72
-7.28
+13.29
1.45
1.18
0.24
0.56
1.43
1.17
0.24
3.20
?
3.27
Fixed Income
Stg Corp Bd A Acc ?@
UK Ind Lnkd A Acc ?@
UK Long Bd A Acc ?@
Bal Pfolio Inc ?@
Bal Port Gwth Acc ?@
Equity Inc Inc ?@
N&P UK Gwth Inc ?@
Stkmkt 100 Tkr ?@
UK Growth Acc ?@
UK Growth Inc ?@
106.10
198.10
211.80
179.30
208.20
385.20
240.00
SCOTTISH MUTUAL INV MNGRS LTD
0141 248 6100
European Inc
Far Eastern Inc
Intl Growth Inc
Japanese Inc
Mutual European
Mutual Far Eastern
Mutual North Am
Mutual UK Eq
Nth American Inc
UK Equity Inc
1390.19
518.39
549.99
41.85
2133.27
800.43
1983.00
1284.21
1227.65
615.41
1467.22
547.11
580.46
41.85
2251.47
844.78
2092.88
1355.37
1295.67
649.51
196.40
182.60
138.30
216.00
211.60
?
?
?
?
?
0.52
1.04
1.05
0.46
0.48
2388.00
?
-17.00
0.56
305.30
177.10
?
?
+0.20
+0.10
3.12
3.20
-0.70
-0.30
-1.90
?
+0.03
-0.20
?
?
-0.40
-0.16
-1.20
+1.00
1.78
1.80
1.21
5.26
5.41
4.25
4.36
?
3.08
3.13
2.28
1.32
UK and Income Investment Funds
Corp Bond A Acc ?@
311.00
Corp Bond A Inc ?@
125.90
Envir Invtr A Acc ?@
272.70
Hi Inc Bond A Ac ?@
229.10
Hi Inc Bond A Inc ?@
86.38
Hi Res A Acc ?@
346.10
Hi Res A Inc ?@
130.40
Safety Plus A Acc ?@
40.49
Strat Inc A Acc ?@
200.30
Strat Inc A Inc ?@
99.80
UK Gwth A Acc ?@
178.90
UK Sel Gwth A Acc ?@ 1854.00
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
OEIC B Class
Tracker and Specialist Investment Funds
All Stks Credit A Inc ?@ 131.70
Asian Div Inc U Trst Inc @104.43
Cautious Man Fd A Acc ?@259.30
Cautious Man Fd A Inc ?@149.40
China Opp Fund A Acc ?@1414.00
Emg Mkts Opps Fd A Acc ?@207.20
Erpn Grth Fund A Acc ?@ 228.20
Erpn Sel Opps Fd A Acc ?@1598.00
Fix Int Mnthly Inc Fd Acc @28.71
Global Equity Fund Acc @2933.16
Global Equity Income A Inc ?@58.42
Global Tech A Acc ?@ 1626.00
M-Asset Abs Ret A Acc ?@139.60
M-Man Active Fd A Acc ?@218.70
M-Man Inc Grth A Inc ?@ 150.80
M-Man Inc Grth Fd A Acc ?@172.30
Sterling Bond U Trst Acc @219.24
Sterling Bond U Trst Inc @ 64.79
Strategic Bond A Inc ?@ 122.70
UK Abs Ret Fd A Acc ?@ 155.90
UK Alpha Fund A Acc ?@ 145.10
UK Index Fund A Acc ?@ 599.80
UK Irsh Sm Co Fd A Acc ?@632.60
UK Property A Acc @
227.80
UK Property A Inc @
102.50
UK Tracker Fund A Acc ?@269.10
US Growth Fund A Acc ?@972.40
?
109.71
?
?
?
?
?
?
29.95
3059.51
?
?
?
?
?
?
228.70
67.58
?
?
?
?
?
239.78
107.89
?
?
-0.70
+0.37
+2.70
+1.50
-3.00
+1.90
+4.00
+31.00
-0.02
+26.26
+0.91
+22.00
?
+1.80
-0.60
-0.70
-0.88
-0.26
-0.10
+0.70
+2.60
+11.70
+2.30
+0.13
+0.05
+5.60
+26.50
2.46
5.90
3.33
3.40
0.47
0.31
0.87
0.59
4.50
?
3.38
?
0.43
?
2.17
2.14
2.24
2.27
4.02
?
1.93
2.17
0.44
3.00
3.05
2.21
?
JP MORGAN ASSET MGMT
OEIC
Asia A Acc ?@
202.80
Emerging Mkts ?@
222.20
Eur Dyn (ex-UK) A Acc ?@215.70
Euro Smllr Cos ?@
757.90
Europe A Acc ?@
1420.00
Gbl Hi Yld Bd A Acc ?@ 109.40
Gbl Hi Yld Bd A Inc ?@
36.58
Gl ex-UK Bd A Acc ?@ 263.00
Gl ex-UK Bd A Inc ?@
204.10
Glb Fins A Acc ?@
1077.00
Global A Acc ?@
1272.00
Japan A Acc ?@
464.10
Multi-Man Tst A Acc ?@ 963.60
Multi-Man Tst A Inc ?@ 881.60
Nat Resources ?@
581.20
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+1.00
+3.40
+5.00
+12.40
+29.00
?
+0.01
-0.40
-0.20
+1.00
+26.00
-0.10
+15.10
+13.80
+9.20
?
?
?
?
?
4.23
5.77
0.15
0.45
1.03
?
?
?
0.56
?
Fixed Int Dist @
Glob Gwth Acc @
Glob Health Acc @
Glob Tech Acc @
Gwth Tst Acc @
High Inc Acc @
Japan Ind Acc @
Pacific Ind Acc @
UK 100 Ind Acc @
UK Active Opps Acc @
UK Index Acc @
UK Index Dist @
US Ind Acc @
Worldwide Acc @
70.88
243.90
61.30
38.87
106.00
126.80
59.32
151.70
176.00
249.90
279.90
159.30
428.10
295.00
71.35
243.90
61.37
38.91
106.50
127.80
59.32
151.70
176.00
252.90
279.90
159.30
428.10
295.00
-0.33
-1.30
-0.12
-0.36
-1.00
?
+0.11
+0.90
+3.60
-0.10
+5.30
+3.10
-1.60
+1.70
2.59
1.15
0.75
0.25
0.17
4.83
0.86
2.26
3.12
?
3.22
3.30
0.88
0.72
M & G SECURITIES
Enq: 0800 390 390 Dealing Line: 0800 328 3196
Authorised Inv Funds
Charifund Inc ?
1535.08
?
+22.89
4.93
+5.57
+5.21
0.20
1.87
+8.72
-0.65
+0.03
-1.33
+1.45
-0.01
+53.07
4.65
1.24
4.91
?
3.94
1.57
2.22
-0.15
+1.01
+1.90
+2.18
3.76
5.08
2.39
2.29
Sterling Class A Investment Funds 1
Euro Smlr Cos Acc ?@
Euro Smlr Cos Inc ?@
419.28
391.78
?
?
Sterling Class A Investment Funds 2
Extra Income Inc ?@
757.33
Gilt & Fxd Int Inc ?@
97.21
Gl Hi Yd Bd Inc ?@
49.96
Index Linked Bd Inc ?@ 140.43
Index Trckr Inc ?@
73.94
Short Dated Corp Bd Inc ?@25.78
UK Select A Inc ?@
2896.30
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
Sterling Class A Investment Funds 3
Corp Bd A Inc ?@
Dividend Inc ?@
Recovery A Inc ?@
Sml Cos Inc ?@
40.22
58.45
134.82
354.31
?
?
?
?
Sterling Class A Investment Funds 4
Episode Allocation A Inc ?@145.73
?
+1.81
1.97
UK Trkr B Acc ?@
UK Trkr B Inc ?@
331.10
176.10
?
?
+0.30
+0.10
3.61
3.69
-0.70
-0.30
-1.30
+1.00
1.97
2.00
2.64
1.58
-0.90
+2.00
3.24
1.83
UK and Income Investment Funds
Corp Bond B Acc ?@
320.40
Corp Bond B Inc ?@
125.80
UK Gwth B Acc ?@
191.90
UK Sel Gwth B Acc ?@ 1931.00
?
?
?
?
UK Gth C Inc ?@
132.60
UK Sel Gwth C Acc ?@ 2006.00
?
?
STANDARD LIFE INVESTMENTS
0845 279 3003
Investment Funds (OEIC) - Retail Shares
95.86
57.25
102.40
133.50
162.70
62.13
189.70
125.30
165.70
123.10
132.00
48.69
101.40
248.30
88.57
54.21
329.30
216.50
245.20
82.93
193.30
243.90
223.70
707.50
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.16
-0.10
-0.20
+0.90
-0.20
-0.08
-1.70
-0.40
-0.60
-0.50
?
-0.02
+0.20
+0.10
-0.08
-0.05
-0.60
+0.10
-0.30
-0.10
-1.00
-2.60
-2.40
-4.70
1.42
1.43
1.80
?
3.01
3.10
1.72
1.08
1.06
0.05
3.04
3.10
0.09
1.67
1.29
1.30
2.25
2.78
4.07
4.20
1.42
0.39
0.39
0.40
?
?
?
+0.61
+0.58
+0.06
1.65
1.66
1.87
SVS BROWN SHIPLEY FUNDS
Enquiries: 0141 222 1151
Balanced A Acc ?@
Balanced A Inc ?@
Cautious A Acc ?@
Yld
%
101.26
257.55
243.14
274.56
219.80
227.74
95.52
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.07
+1.23
+1.16
+1.55
+0.99
-0.37
-0.16
1.89
1.02
1.03
0.95
2.99
2.67
2.72
UK Oseas Earns ?@
122.02
?
+2.12
2.02
114.20
152.80
77.59
?
?
?
+0.20
+0.90
+1.00
1.29
0.87
3.89
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.48
-0.05
-0.22
-0.22
+1.52
+1.47
+0.01
+2.59
+0.93
+1.16
+2.69
+2.40
+1.75
1.06
3.41
2.92
2.55
4.24
3.79
4.62
1.76
3.97
4.75
1.79
1.54
0.16
676.90
219.40
+10.00
+1.00
1.65
?
Managed Funds
Def Eqty & Bd Acc ?@
Eqty & Bd Acc ?@
Mgd Income ?@
117.10
110.93
108.64
Stg Bd Ret Inc ?@
Strat Bd Ret ?@
UK Corp Bond ?@
UK Corp Ret ?@
UK Eqty Inc Ret ?@
UK Gwth & Inc Ret ?@
UK Hi Yld Bd 1 ?@
UK Inst Acc ?@
UK Mnthly Extra Inc ?@
UK Mnthly Inc Ret ?@
UK Retail ?@
UK Sel Retail ?@
UK Smaller Cos ?@
56.78
46.46
61.22
61.11
91.21
88.30
42.65
157.25
77.75
71.27
135.55
126.14
331.53
For Resolution see Ignis
TU FUND MANAGERS LIMITED
British
European
643.10
210.70
* Yield expressed as CAR (Compound Annual Return);
? Ex dividend; ?Middle price; . . . No significant data.
# Periodic charge deducted from capital; @ Exit charge
British funds
Stock
Price
Int Yld Grs rd
(�) +/?
% yld
110.25
375.17
129.11
375.56
120.33
123.71
141.49
130.56
380.69
160.84
155.43
279.09
150.12
179.24
175.22
185.39
171.11
177.31
209.86
169.50
209.26
206.26
279.34
218.70
225.36
263.05
264.78
281.36
104.04
361.19
117.98
355.46
111.05
114.04
129.03
119.09
355.25
145.14
139.88
259.90
134.08
159.17
154.38
162.26
148.24
151.89
179.60
157.84
176.95
171.51
231.25
176.93
181.37
208.77
204.60
214.78
Tr IL 0V% 19
104.58
Tr IL 2K% 20
361.78
Tr IL 1Y% 2022 * 118.76
Tr IL 2K% 24
358.25
Tr IL 0V% 24
112.19
Tr IL 0V% 26
115.35
Tr IL 1N% 2027 * 130.67
Tr IL 0V% 29
120.95
Tr IL 4V% 30
358.90
Tr IL 1N% 2032 * 148.11
Tr IL 0O% 34
143.39
Tr IL 2% 35
266.28
Tr IL 0V% 36
138.11
Tr IL 1V% 2037 * 163.91
Tr IL 0X% 40
159.56
Tr IL 0X% 42 * 168.18
Tr IL 0V% 44
155.26
Tr IL 0V% 46
159.57
Tr IL 0O% 2047 * 187.62
Tr IL 0V% 48
165.49
Tr IL 0K% 50 * 186.50
Tr IL 0N% 52
182.42
Tr IL 1N% 2055 * 244.85
Tr IL 0V% 56
189.36
Tr IL 0V% 58 * 194.14
Tr IL 0W% 62
224.64
Tr IL 0V% 65
223.08
Tr IL 0V% 68
234.68
? .04
? .12
? .16
? .69
? .21
? .32
? .41
? .43
?1.19
? .50
? .56
?1.03
? .62
? .72
? .80
? .94
? .99
?1.06
?1.25
?1.22
?1.46
?1.53
?2.03
?1.71
?1.88
?2.35
?2.61
?2.87
?
1.76
1.63
1.51
?
?
1.05
?
1.80
0.84
?
0.92
?
0.72
?
0.37
?
?
0.41
?
?
?
0.56
?
?
?
?
?
?2.61
?2.12
?1.98
?1.68
?1.80
?1.67
?1.67
?1.61
?1.55
?1.65
?1.62
?1.57
?1.62
?1.63
?1.62
?1.62
?1.59
?1.57
?1.56
?1.56
?1.57
?1.58
?1.56
?1.55
?1.56
?1.58
?1.59
?1.62
? .71
? .74
? .65
? .90
? .87
? .93
?1.03
? .96
?1.01
?1.16
? .85
?1.30
?1.38
?1.65
?1.18
?1.77
?1.59
?1.98
3.22
3.06
?
3.13
2.95
?
2.93
?
?
2.75
?
2.65
?
2.47
?
?
?
?
1.71
1.73
1.77
1.76
1.78
1.79
1.80
1.82
1.82
1.81
1.79
1.76
1.72
1.67
1.65
1.62
1.60
1.60
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
.12
.17
.20
.29
.35
.32
.39
.42
.48
.58
.63
.61
?
?
?
?
4.00
?
?
?
3.38
4.15
3.49
3.21
0.92
1.05
1.13
1.20
1.22
1.24
1.35
1.45
1.41
1.48
1.60
1.66
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
.01
.01
.04
.04
.04
.07
.06
.07
.08
.13
.15
.15
.19
?
4.42
?
4.11
3.60
?
4.42
?
?
6.55
3.58
?
?
0.56
0.72
0.78
0.73
0.77
0.86
0.79
0.84
0.91
0.90
0.94
1.04
1.16
Longs (Over 15 years)
145.88
144.09
102.52
157.27
148.88
150.88
159.30
133.83
140.40
160.53
97.05
166.78
159.09
179.39
107.38
179.15
135.86
173.27
135.90
134.34
95.39
146.30
138.48
139.98
147.31
123.60
129.43
147.59
88.05
152.65
144.61
162.92
96.14
162.07
121.18
154.94
Tr 4K% 34
Tr 4N% 36
Tr 1{ }% 37
Tr 4O% 38
Tr 4N% 39
Tr 4N% 40
Tr 4K% 42
Tr 3N% 44
Tr 3K% 45
Tr 4N% 46
Tr 1K% 47
Tr 4N% 49
Tr 3O% 52
Tr 4N% 55
Tr 1O% 57
Tr 4% 60
Tr 2K% 65
Tr 3K% 68
139.74
138.67
99.60
151.67
143.85
145.67
153.51
129.39
135.47
154.51
93.31
160.28
152.36
171.83
102.87
171.86
129.74
165.31
Mediums (5-15 years)
OEIC C Class
UK and Income Investment Funds
AAA Inc CAT Acc ?@
AAA Inc CAT Inc ?@
AAA Income Acc ?@
Amer Eq Gth Acc ?@
Corp Bond Acc ?@
Corp Bond Inc ?@
Euro Eq Gth Acc ?@
Glb Advtg CAT Acc ?@
Glob Advtg Acc ?@
Glob Eq Uncstrd Acc ?@
Higher Inc Acc ?@
Higher Inc Inc ?@
Japan Eq Gth Acc ?@
Managed Acc ?@
Select Inc Acc ?@
Select Inc Inc ?@
UK Eq Gth Acc ?@
UK Eq Hi Alpha ?@
UK Eq Hi Inc Acc ?@
UK Eq Hi Inc Inc ?@
UK Ethical Acc ?@
UK Opps Acc ?@
UK Opps Inc ?@
UK Smlr Cos Acc ?@
+/-
Index-linked
-0.10
-0.10
?
-0.30
-0.30
Tracker and Specialist Investment Funds
JANUS HENDERSON INVESTORS
Investors Serv: 0800 832 832 Dlng: 0845 946 4646
Buy
THREADNEEDLE INVESTMENTS
Client Serv: 0800 0683000
Intermediary Serv: 0800 0684000
Institutional Shares (Class 2) (163500,000 min)
12 month
High
Low
Overseas Growth Investment Funds
UK Trkr A Acc ?@
UK Trkr A Inc ?@
Cautious A Inc ?@
Dynamic A Acc ?@
Dynamic A Inc ?@
Growth A Acc ?@
Income A Acc ?@
Sterling Bond Acc ?@
Sterling Bond Inc ?@
Sell
Retail Shares (Class 1)
2446.19
1350.60
1288.90
SANTANDER UNIT TST MGRS
08457 413002
Bal Port A Acc ?@
Caut Port A Acc ?@
Caut Port A Inc ?@
Opps Port A Acc ?@
Prog Port A Acc ?@
IGNIS ASSET MGMT
Dlg: 0141 222 8282
American Gth Inc @
Balanced Growth @
Balanced Growth Acc @
Corporate Bond ?@
European Growth @
European Growth Acc @
Glob Gwth @
Higher Yield @
Higher Yield Acc @
Japan @
Managed @
Managed Trust @
Mngd Pfolio Inc @
Pacific Grth @
Smaller Comp @
Smaller Cos @
Buy
SCOTTISH WIDOWS UNIT TRUST MGRS
0845 300 2244
Authorised Inv Funds (OEICs)
OEIC A Class
Managed Investment Funds
HSBC Specialist Investment Funds (OEIC)
INVESTEC FUND MGRS
Broker Support and Dealing: 020 7597 1900
OEIC Series i,ii,iii, & iv
?
?
?
1.48
1.50
2.42
2.47
3.58
3.62
2.41
2.47
3.46
3.59
1.47
1.50
2.44
2.51
Sell
HSBC Investment Funds (OEIC) - Retail Share Class
FIDELITY INTERNATIONAL
Private Clnts 0800 414161 Broker Dlgs 0800 414181
1458.00
3602.00
492.20
3.26
0.70
1.91
1.94
0.36
1.45
1.32
1.05
0.81
1.48
4.64
3.05
2.87
2.49
HSBC GLOBAL ASSET MGMT (UK) LTD
Enq: 0845 745 6123 Dlg: 0845 745 6126 Mon-Fri 8-6
HSBC Index Tracker Investment Funds (OEIC)
Well Bldr Bal Acc ?@
Well Bldr Gwth Acc ?@
F & C FUND MANAGEMENT LTD (OEICS)
Enqs: 0870 601 6183 Dealing: 0870 601 6083
Share Class 1 - Retail
Corporate Bd ?@
57.74
Emerging Mkts ?@
119.80
Euro Gwth & Inc 1 ?@ 1013.00
Extra Inc Bond ?@
48.57
FTSE All-Shr Track ?@ 405.60
Global Gwth SC1 ?@
196.00
High Inc Trst @
14.01
Max Inc Bond ?@
48.40
Multi Man Caut ?@
70.41
Multi Man Distr ?@
60.44
North Amer ?@
491.00
Pacific Gwth ?@
419.70
Strategic Bd ?@
195.20
UK Equity ?@
3157.00
UK Gwth & Inc Acc 1 ?@ 658.50
UK Gwth & Inc Dist ?@ 234.70
UK Smaller Cos ?@
973.20
+/-
Eur Sel Gth A Acc ?@
+5.10
+0.24
+2.80
-0.10
+2.60
CIS UNIT MANAGERS LTD
08457 46 46 46
European Gwth @
Sus Leaders ?@
UK Growth @
UK Income @
Buy
HALIFAX INVESTMENT FUND MGRS LTD
01296 386 386
Authorised Inv Funds
Share Class `C
ARTEMIS FUND MGRS LTD
0800 092 2051
Authorised Inv Funds
Capital R Acc @
1552.94
Euro Opps R Acc @
100.80
Euro Opps R Inc @
96.04
European Growth R Acc @351.26
Global Energy R Acc @
29.67
Global Growth R Acc @ 250.80
Global Income R Acc @ 121.98
Global Income R Inc @
90.67
Global Select R Acc @
100.00
High Income R Inc @
78.88
Income R Acc @
412.47
Income R Inc @
222.72
Monthly Dist R Inc @
69.45
Strategic Assets R Acc @ 81.44
Strategic Bond R M Acc @ 95.51
Strategic Bond R M Inc @ 56.79
Strategic Bond R Q Acc @ 95.33
Strategic Bond R Q Inc @ 56.84
UK Growth R Acc @
531.61
UK Smaller Cos R Acc @ 1596.88
UK Special Sits R Acc @ 565.58
European ?@
Extra Income ?@
Glob Spec Sits ?@
Global Focus ?@
International ?@
Japan ?@
Moneybldr Bal ?@
Moneybldr Glob
Moneybldr Gwth ?@
Moneybldr Inc ?@
Moneybldr UK Ind ?@
Special Sits ?@
Wealthbuilder
Sell
115.18
107.31
110.88
115.27
132.93
110.19
105.54
102.29
133.03
153.92
143.86
139.13
109.29
102.69
105.32
108.78
124.15
104.05
99.67
96.41
123.47
142.43
133.08
129.40
Tr 3O% 21
Tr 1O% 22
Tr 2N% 23
Tr 2O% 24
Tr 5% 25
Tr 2% 25
Tr 1K% 26
Tr 1N% 27
Tr 4N% 27
Tr 6% 28
Tr 4O% 30
Tr 4N% 32
109.49
103.02
105.85
109.52
125.01
105.36
101.20
98.24
125.59
144.44
135.97
132.53
Shorts (under 5 years)
101.50
114.36
103.79
108.43
108.85
105.95
113.52
112.25
104.73
132.24
117.84
100.70
101.30
100.20
111.68
101.25
103.44
104.20
102.49
107.53
106.87
101.42
122.11
111.51
97.36
?
Tr 1N% 18
Tr 5% 18
Tr 1O% 19
Tr 4K% 19
Tr 3O% 19
Tr 2% 20
Tr 4O% 20
Tr 3O% 20
Tr 1K% 21
Tr 8% 21
Tr 4% 22
Tr 0K% 22
Tr 0O% 23
100.20
113.00
101.25
103.44
104.20
102.58
107.53
106.94
101.63
122.14
111.74
97.72
97.90
* maturities as having a 3-month indexation lag and
which trade on a real clean price basis, excluding inflation
adjustment charge.
This is a paid for information service. For
further details on a particular fund, readers
should contact their fund manager.
Data as shown is
for information
purposes only. No offer is made by
Morningstar or this publication
550
Friday April 6 2018 | the times
1G M
Business Equity prices
12 month
High Low Company
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
39O 1PMv
45O +
14
14 ACHPv
14
2178
63K
2W
25N
4
27
1784 Admiral
19K ADVFNv
N 1.0
?
1855
?
39
?
8.2
? 70.0
K 2.8 15.8
2K
? 40.0
1N Ambrianv#
1K
?
? -0.3
9 Amedeo Resv
9O
?
? -2.0
1W
?
? -0.2
Y Amphion Innovsv
17N Amryt Pharmav
10862K 8418Y Aon Corpn
1562K 1245 Arbuthnot Bkgv
17X
?
? -2.5
10075
+
62Y 1.0 89.0
1420
+
50
2.1 43.6
41Y LMS Capital
52
?
? -2.5
3792
2690 Bellway
3131
+
62
3.9
7.9
116X
104V Primary HlthV
109W ?
1W 4.8
? Location Sciences Groupv?
?
? -0.4
4240
3087 Berkeley
3858
+
73
3.5
7.0
124K
115N Raven R CNV Pref
117K +
2
?
70
65 El Oro
67
?
3.6 10.6
4183
3171 Lond Stk Ex Gp 4152
+ 132
1.1 27.6
900
722 Big Yellow Group
884K +
1K 3.1 11.6
44
?
? 49.2
?
2K
1 Energiser Invv
5.6
1
?
? -2.7
217X
150
?
? -7.7
13N
303
212W Esure
214V +
O 6.3 12.8
2X
1095Y
712N FBD?
1035N ?
56O
? 11.7
82K
44K Fiskev
82K
?
? 41.2
67
45O Frenkel Toppingv
49V
?
2.2 30.7
21
8N GLI Financev
8X +
428
319 Gresham Housev
406
931
815 Gresh Hse Stratv
827K
? -2.3
66X
61V Gulf Invest
367Y
268 H&T Groupv
18K
14O Argo Groupv
17K
?
?
433V
332N Ashmore Gp
40K AXA Property Tr
5X 11.9
145 EPE Special Oppsv
? 13.9
62V
194N ?
334
1
486K Aviva?
93K
1928
74 Hansard Global?
1266 Hargreaves L
?
66W +
338
?
77
+
O 7.2 -1.7
?
?
45
?
1864
1
3.3 -5.9
1004
3
2.7 13.0
380
1X Metal Tigerv
3242 Metro Bank
35V Miton Groupv?
1544V Nat Aust Bk
558 NEX Group
231N Numisv
151K Oakley Cap Invsv
217K Billington Hldgsv
261
?
4
3.8
?
7.0
347
227 Boot (Henry)
299
+
3
2.3 13.2
1O
?
?
?
1213
840 Bovis Homes?
1164K +
14
3.8 14.6
5900Y +
745
+
2
1
15K ?
O 2.3 13.7
1004
+
376
+
169O
512K
?
+
1V
1
7.7
2.9 29.7
3V 2.9
? -0.3
?
?
?
? -2.8
54K
312W Brewin Dolphin
1810 Brooks Macv?
44Y Carador
122
88 Cenkos Secsv
434
306 Charles Stanley
295
409N
172K
454
1X
1715
179
1201K
340N
1540W
221K Charles Taylor
346 Chesnara
70 City of Lon GpvV
360 City Lon Inv Gp
K Clear Leisurev
349
7W 3.8 21.8
17K 2.2
?
V 15.8
3.7
103K +
3K 9.1
6.9
339
?
46
?
265K +
394
+
172K
435
+
X
1.7 20.2
5K 3.9 20.1
5
4.9
6.7
?
? -4.9
3
5.7 11.1
?
? -4.0
648K
461W Investec
550O +
9O 4.1 11.4
347O
301 Investment Co
312
1
154K
102 IP Group
120O +
?
? IRF Euro Fin Inv
1448
1096 Jardine Lyd Th?
14V
153K
365 Jarvis Securitiesv
468
?
7
5.0 14.4
150
631W
426 Jupiter Fund Mgmt? 477
+
6
3.5 14.1
2800
170W
124 Just Group
138
+
1N 2.3
4.1
182
759K
556K Lancashire Hdgs
570K ?
K 1.9
?
?
4.1 11.0
38K
25 Leaf Clean Energyv
26
5
4.9 10.4
40
31 Leeds Groupv
31
689Y Commerzbk
931Y +
35O
? 55.6
276O
261Y CYBG
298O +
7
? 17.3
N
86
81N Downing ONE VCT
82
N Draganfly Invsv#
N
42Y 1.6
?
38K 4.7 11.0
?
9.1 66.7
?
? -0.7
?
625
29
?
1981
?
+
348
? 19.8
2.5 23.1
+
1018O +
?
3265
2
179
980X Deutsche Bk
6O
5W
6.6 11.8
?
V
1444
337Y Direct Line Ins?
+
1266
111N CMC Markets
1316 Close Bros?
411N
1V
+
1842K ?
83025N
610
245 Legal & Gen
? Legendary Invsv
?
?
260Y +
?
K
8.5
? 19.0
62V Lloyds Bkg Gp
66V +
1
666K
2420
2438
+
67
2.3 12.9
?
? -0.2
32
?
0.3 21.3
7005
5580 Daejan
5820
+
10
1.6
31
?
0.7 37.4
3140
2580 Derwent London
3140
+
28
1.6 32.8
5
6.4
?
? -1.5
4K
668
+
1794
+
3O
?
7O
6 Dolphin Capitalv
7N
17N
10Y Dragon-Ukra Propv
10Y +
45N
24K Eastrn Euro Prpv
28K
5O
2.5 19.2
71
47K Fletcher Kingv
63K
?
6.3 10.2
600
112N
142K
?
? -5.3
4
81Y ?
802
570 Gleeson (MJ)?
728
?
2.3 28.5
841K
685 Grafton Gp Uts?
751
+
K 6.2 18.8
299O
244O Grainger
295W +
4V 1.5 16.7
665 Gr Portland
687O +
2W 1.7
?
?
21429W
24
11.2 15.9
2
3.3 14.0
5
1.9 13.9
?
?
?
?
609K
434W Hammerson?
547
+
8K 4.5 11.1
5V
? 41.7
145K
119K Hansteen Hldgs
127N ?
2K 4.6 10.4
643
+
+
25
9K 2.7 24.6
3.9 12.4
8.2
115
537K
Price
Yld Dis(-)
(p) +/- % or Pm
12 month
High Low Company
745K 3I Group
880V
203 3i Infrastructure
214W
113O Abrdn Div I&G
117K
1198 Aberforth Smlr
1300
667 Alliance
707
34N
28O Arc Cap Hldgsv
241K Athelney Trust?
250
625K Baillie Gifford SN
972
743K Bankers
847
1260 BH Global
1365
899 BH Global
984X
1880 BH Macro
1970
1621K BH Macro
1621K
1353Y BH Macro
1441N
650 Biotech Growth
674
67K BLK Com Inc?
72N
303O BlckREmEur
353K
144 BlckFroInv
162
288K BLK Grt Euro
312
187 BlackRck Inc & Gwth 191
402K BLK Latin Am
478
144 BlckRck N Amer Inc? 146K
1055 BLK Smlr
1345
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W
Construction &
property
5.3
Consumer goods
545
92N
2.6
? -1.5
4.3 10.6
+
+
?
+
?
?
25
+
+
?
8.0
2.1 22.3
+
41
?
2.0
1.5 16.5
2255
?
?
?
5
3
2178 Schroders N/V?
89O
?
14
2695
1208K
8.6
0.9 10.0
+
5.6
1068
4
+
?
289
10K 2.4
663
925
341K
K 3.6 18.7
2509
340
63.5
31.4
-0.1
44.7
41.8
12.2
3.9
9.9
14.2
-6.4
9.6
-4.5
22.2
27.8
1.8
?
7.0
25.7
?
15.3
12.6
11.9
19.0
15.6
7.5
579 Barr (AG)
288K Helical Bar
0.9
?
?
3.1
?
5.5
?
2.7
3.5
?
2.2
?
1.6
3.8
?
?
2.0
?
?
4.9
2.9
9.8
?
3.6
Y 4.3
8.7
2389 AB Foods
880 Highcroft Invs
?
?
?
11
19N
9N
?
?
6V
?
30
?
1
4O
?
?
3
10
3
?
53K
17K
2
96W
4W 1.5 14.6
670
362
+
1.2 -5.6
6.6
3371
952K
+
?
?
1.1 11.8
3.0 15.1
?
+
+
2.0 22.8
0.7 12.6
4.2
26
22O Sharev
117K
65K Sigma Capv
11N
11N Sosanderv
1030 St James Place? 1059K
685Y Stand Chart?
720
357V Strd Life Aber
363O
2V
2V Starvestv
55K
33 STM Groupv
2423W Sun Life Can
2923N
4
3X Tau Capitalv
1484 TBC Bank Group
1830
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K
32
32 TISO Blackstar Gpv
439Y TP ICAP?
439Y
3O
1W Trading Emissnsv
8K UltimateSportsv
17O
258V Virgin Money Plc?
264X
990
602K Volverev
121K
119 WH Irelandv
37 Walker Crips Grp
38
3534N Wells Fargo
3833Y
1562O Westpac
1595O
19K
5O Zoltav Resourcev
19518O Zurich Fincl
23070O
32
?
?
29
118
312K
1270K
849V
446N
5
59K
3059Y
4X
1884
K
62
553K
3Y
17O
332X
1025
152K
48K
4699Y
1930V
31K
23680
+
?
52
-8.4
-2.4
-12.0
-15.6
-13.2
-0.6
-1.3
-2.7
-3.7
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-12.0
-12.5
-7.8
-2.5
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1.0
?
?
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?
?
-11.6
-12.9
-6.8
-3.5
-2.0
-15.7
-14.6
-3.5
-1.1
-0.4
-9.3
-27.4
-10.8
-11.6
-4.1
-7.2
-12.7
-1.3
-34.5
-9.2
-1.3
2.1
3.4
-12.2
-8.4
5.5
-4.7
?
-5.0
-9.2
0.4
-3.3
?
?
4.3
6.7
-18.1
3.9
-9.8
-7.6
-4.7
-11.8
-15.1
5.6
-7.6
-1.1
-6.6
3.9
-3.6
-10.3
-1.3
-1.7
-3.5
?
-11.9
?
?
-18.2
-0.6
-12.1
-9.4
2.2
1322
465
+
6.4
1.4
4.4
1.2
0.5
3.9
0.3
1.4
3.9
1.2
2.3
3.8
1.1
4.7
3.1
3.9
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
1.1
1.9
?
4.0
2.0
0.9
0.9
2.2
?
?
3.2
3.0
3.4
3.5
2.0
1.8
6.7
2.5
5.1
1.0
0.1
1.0
4.4
4.2
3.6
?
1.0
3.9
1.4
?
?
8.8
6.1
?
?
1.3
1.2
4.4
1.6
3.5
2.5
3.1
2.5
0.7
3.7
5.7
3.4
?
2.9
3.5
4.1
4.5
3.2
?
?
?
2.2
1.5
?
0.9
1142 Hill & Smith
109
Price
Yld Dis(-)
(p) +/- % or Pm
109K JLaingInFr?
109K
366 JPM American
386
298N JPM Asian
346
59Y JPM Brazil
66
220K JPM Chinese
289
657K JPM Claverhs
712
99 JPM Elect Mg C
100K
721 JPM Elect Mg G
767K
106 JPM Elect Mg I
108
744 JPM Em Mkts
861
279K JPM Eur IT Gth?
295
147 JPM Eur IT Inc?
152
334O JPM Euro Smlr
400
94 JPM Gl Conv
95
122 JPM GEMI?
127
289 JPM GG&I?
309K
? JPM Inc&Cap Ord
?
? JPM Inc&Cap Uts
?
? JPM Inc&Cap ZDP
?
? JPM Inc&Gth Inc
?
? JPM Inc&Gth Cap
?
644 JPM Indian
704
310K JPM Jap Sml Co
423
333K JPM Japan
444
968K JPM Mid Cap?
1180
93K JPM Mlti-Ass
97K
438O JPM Russian
516
880 JPM Smllr Co
1100
251 JPM US Sml
272
620 Jupiter Euro Opps
702
299 Jupiter Prima
307
769 Jupiter US Smlr
880
7N Juridica Invsv
11N
1647K Keystone IT
1675
552 Law Debenture?
562
1416 Lowland?
1465
270 Majedie
285
368O M Currie Pac
379
225 M Currie Port?
230
124K Marwyn Val In?
124K
1826 Mercantile IT
2070
455 Merchants
483
435 Mid Wynd?
475
633K Monks Inv Tst
768
695N Montanaro Eur Sml 780
724 Murray Income Trust 730
1166 Murray International?1190
91N Nb Global Floating
93
? P2P Glbl Invs
?
240 Pacific Assets
248
333K Perpetual In&Gr
347K
38750 Personal Assets? 39600
913 Polar Cap Tech
1104
113K Prm Eng & Wtr ZDP 115
109K Prem Glb & Inf
115
101W Renewables Inf
106W
1815 RIT Cap Ptnr
1902
1170 Riverstone
1200
276K Schroder TotRt?
351
377K Schrd Asia Pac
449
267 Schrod Inc Gwth?
279
187N Schrod Jap Gwth
211
165 Schrod UK Gwth
167K
455 Schrod UKMid
520
329N Scot American?
359
771 Scot IT
797
361K Scot Mtge
436K
156 Secs Tst Scot?
159
104K Sequoia Eco
105K
1180 Temple Bar
1230
643 Tplton Emg Mkt
745
315 TR Property
386
73 Troy Inc&Gth?
73K
85K UK Comm Prop Tst
89K
153 Utilico Ord
165
212 Utilico Emerging Market?217K
154V Utilico Fin ZDP 2018 158
? UtilFin RdZDP 2016
?
319 Vietnam Ent Inv
488
965K Witan
1026
305O Witan Pacific
320
72 Woodford Patient Cap Tr82
2265 Ww Health
2435
1475
7V
3337
969K
271X
124K
1386
769
42
275
972
923
1435
1013V
2155
1783K
1498W
878
83
389
168K
346
212
499
170
1372K
496
424
63
50K
753
792
3008
143
242K
201
443
246
494
394
779K
816
5110
329
1350
974
338
151O
1415
672
363
108
107
425
109
405K
262
234
158O
273
777
133
750
43
?
1090
1030
1306
1425
201N
900
1210
1797K
174K
225
108Y
842K
273
310K
308
144
212
102
193K
83K
524K
1.1 31.9
2.8 13.0
302K Heath (Samuel)v
Investment companies
12 month
High Low Company
29
2
K 2.4 21.0
850K +
2305
58X
64K Foxtons Group
800 Galliford Try
?
104K
1035
1502
262X +
? -0.3
6.8
8.1
2489O
22K 0.7 36.8
10
+
2
805K +
3.2
? -9.0
2670Y
+
5
308
?
+
+
622 Unite Group
?
4W 2.1 14.5
1175
?
238 Urban&Civic plc
?
?
? -6.3
0.5 34.8
?
424
?
?
1320
274
813
?
X
?
1710
1216
325
1V
?
1211 Gooch Hsegov
270 Town Centre
139K Tritax Big Box REIT
27K +
610
?
29X 3.0 12.2
1007 Halma
1216 Travis Perkins?
? Tyman
?
?
+
4.2
?
48
1K
?
?
?
151W
44 First Propv
?
171
?
W
?
318O
1696
58
148K ?
2404
W EQTECv
V
?
6.5
?
5V 10.0
44
?
1N
3203
15.1
58K Schroder REIT
W CSF Grpv
3030 Schroders?
2.6 34.6
65K
570K RSA Ins?
1883K S & U
2338 CRH?
3773
23K 5.4 18.1
73
? Robeco N/V
? Rolinco N/V
14
?
144N Reddev
224X Ryl Bk Scot
740V +
43K
2302 Rathbone Brs
?
560
40 Livermore Invsv
97 Rasmala PLCv
302W
740V Liberty Group
59K
2W Quadrise Fuels Intlv
109N Randall & Quilterv
? 12.4
390 Liontrust
+
1613 Prudential?
? -1.3
4W 5.6
?
3 Polo Resourcesv
588 Provident
4W
5.5
2196Y +
0.4 19.3
0.9 22.7
4
1525 Goodwin
?
+
?
2.0 23.3
7
?
1539
1.8 12.3
9.2
2920
4
390
518
5
?
? 34.5
1330
2.4 11.0
K 3.6 16.1
7.2
321X St Modwen Prp
? Flowgrpv
294N GKN?
+
? -6.5
2125
2
?
393
71O
4Y
463
7V Elektronv
1V Feedbackv
284K Fenner
347K ?
115
1200
3
? -0.2
?
1O
2582
?
29V
?
1V 3.4 -6.8
187K +
?
V 4.8 16.6
61X Speymill Macauv
108
40K Croma Securityv?
62
?
201
1V Plutus PowerGenv
1O 5.2 12.0
139W +
105K Smart (J)
39N
121K Titon
? PLUS Marketsv
235V +
138V Intl Public Pntshp
138V +
36K SigmaRocv
6.3
9.1
174Y Taylor Wimpey
2X
157K IPF
166K
111 SIG
? -0.2
2.6
4K 1.5
215
?
240W
5.3
12
985K +
211V
815
4.5
?
616W +
903 Shaftesbury
9.5
2.4 13.9
?
11K
452K SEGRO?
4.6
60
1.5
4Y
613K
?
29Y Phaunos Timber
5
4.4
2.4 13.6
525
22N PCF Groupv?
?
1.7
3
525 Stewart & Wight
36N
?
?
11K 1.4 19.2
525
79K ?
764K +
72N
2600W 2099Y Electrolux 'B'
16V 6.2
34
15N
8W 2.0 12.8
112K
7.5
472K +
1.5 24.6
248
5.9
2.8
438O Crest Nicholson?
5
13O Braveheart Invv
2.6
48Y
7
636K
9K 3.9 15.5
197K BP Marsh&Ptnrsv
6
182
502 Dialight
10W 2.9 11.4
153K +
19
? -2.3
3.8 11.9
11K Secure Propertyv
1098
?
819K +
278
1K
?
21K
622V
1055
7.0
?
79K Impaxv
724 Phoenix Gp Hldgs?
6.8
4.9
?
497N IG Group
+
?
0.8
+
+
640 Dewhurstv
19
841
1036
6.3
?
57K
510
1000
115
1200
13K Steppe Cementv
1K 1.7 31.7
703K Intermediate Cap
?
52 Safelandv
375W Safestore?
842 Savills
285 Cohortv
?
9.1
23
572K ?
1178
1034
462K
?
426
90
?
525
?
?
62 Chamberlinv
Y 8.7
? 12.9
1088
?
61K
7.1
2O
? -1.1
?
?
595K +
507 Redrow?
120O +
?
11K 5.5 18.9
V
?
113W Cobham
?
673X +
V Blue Star Capitalv
55K
?
40K ?
241 Countryside Properties 330V +
52 Real Estate Invsv?
1N 0.5
84N
231K ?
63
148
328X
620O HSBC?
X
53K
1740
?
32Y +
5K 1.1
101V
796
209K
5
?
269N +
21
31K RDI REIT
664K
134 Raven Russia CRP
205K +
78W Countrywide
1525
2.0 12.5
173 CLS Hldgs?
244
?
21 Raven Russia Wnts
40K
163K Chemring Group?
231X Craven Housev
4O 1.4 62.4
+ 138
371K
9O Carecapitalv
70K Clarke T
? 20.0
136K
28K
209K
459O
16K 3.9 13.1
+
250K
50N Cap & Regnl
1625 Cardiff Prop
V
8W 4.5 11.2
154K
176K
184N
+
807
60
93N
94 Caledonian Tstv
253 Cap & Count Prop
78K ?
653V +
42K Raven Russia
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
?
7.3
471
791 PayPoint
61K
1740
74X Breedon Groupv
590K Br Land?
9.1
55
12 month
High Low Company
7.4
? -0.2
?
478V +
1.3
212V +
3680
76 Park Groupv?
3.1 14.5
452K Banco Santander
425 Beazley
1.9
403Y Paragon
6
178Y Barclays?
3222 BGEO Group
24
? -7.9
1V Origo Partnersv
12K 3.8 54.5
532
574K
+
2W
324O
?
225
3868
1477
K
?
1.3
245
?
19O 10.4 12.2
373
8W 3.6 18.9
+
? -8.5
+
362O Onesavings Bank?
+
110
?
74
42
470N
269
691K
1585N +
235V +
261K Hastings Gp
92K
2K 1.8 24.7
+
188 Old Mutual?
105 Helios Underv
43K 1.7 27.8
3512
257O
325
1094 Hiscox
173K
730 Mattioli Woodsv
297K
?
34K 1.7 35.2
167K
? Highway Capital#
Y Marechale Capv
5W 4.0 15.4
12K
174O +
+
14O 9.0 11.9
?
7O Manx Finv
1664
14X 4.4 32.3
? -7.6
3V
4040
1.8
487X ?
?
861
2
2W 11.5 15.7
144W Man
6128W 5124 Marsh McLn
?
1472V +
42K
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
?
?
542
12 month
High Low Company
57V
2N
1801X 1468X Aus New Z
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
? -6.1
44K ?
2W 4.3 18.0
12 month
High Low Company
?
2 Arc Mineralsv
380O +
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
18K
32 Arden Partnersv
2.6
12 month
High Low Company
18K EIHv
149N EFG-Hermes Hldg
54
2X
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
20N
213O
Banking & finance
55
12 month
High Low Company
?
16W 1.3 61.5
23N +
3
+
92
3430
? 66.7
?
?
0.3 55.7
5827O + 133K 3.4 24.2
14K
?
10K
?
4Y ?
V
? 29.0
?
?
? -7.9
31K ?
2
3N
?
34K
?
? -2.8
+ 152
2.6 13.0
6202
? -1.1
? -4.1
the times | Friday April 6 2018
51
1G M
Equity prices Business
12 month
High Low Company
1
X Sareum Hldgsv
4852 2953K Shire?
245K 72Y Silence Therapv
34O 18O Sinclair Pharmav
1431 1215 Smith & Neph?
361
209V Spire Hcare
242K 142K Summit Corpv
417K 280 Swallowfieldv
28K
6Y Synairgenv
16
5X Tissue Regenixv
240
84O Tiziana Lifev
317K 187K Tristelv?
959
694 UDG Healthcare
7X
Y ValiRxv
155
68W Vectura Grp
25O
2Y Vernalisv
197K 102K Verona Pharmav
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
O
3707
160K
18O
1314K
209O
180
305
13
7W
86K
270
874
2K
79N
3N
175
?
+ 107
+ 4K
?
Y
+ 15K
+ 3O
? 7K
?
+
O
?
?
?
+ 19
?
+ 1K
?
V
?
?
0.6
?
?
1.7
1.8
?
1.7
?
?
?
1.4
1.0
?
?
?
?
32.0
10.7
?
-3.7
20.2
31.7
?
17.0
-4.2
-5.0
-9.1
33.2
40.6
-0.2
?
-0.3
-7.4
Industrials
12 month
High Low Company
763
534K Daily Mail
646
615
245 DCD Mediav
560
61 Accsys Tech
6982 BASF
7843Y Bayer DM50
104 Biome Techv
2X Byotrolv
8K Camb Gbl Timberv
89K Cloudcall Groupv
58 Coats Grp
3483 Croda
1X Cronin Gpv
1407K Cropper (James)v
259 Elementis
685 Evans (M.P.)v
1 Hardidev
46X Inspiration Healthv
? Intl Ferro Metals#
4282O Jardine Math
2687W Jardine Strat
2727 Johnson Math
1693 Mondi
106 Plastics Capitalv
75K Robinsonv
351 Scapav
418O Smith (DS)?
655N Swire Pacific
9X Symph Environv
32910Y Syngenta
460 Synthomer
3431Y Takeda Pharm
Y TyraTech Incv
9K Velocysv
1832 Victrex
405 Wynnstay Groupv?
281O Zotefoams
12 Dods Gpv
13K
123K
66 Ebiquityv
66
O
W Edenville Energyv
329W
216 Entertainmnt One
280
1035 Euromoney In Inv
1238
392
1346
430
169 Future
617K
118
+
V ?
+ 208O 3.6
+ 242
2.9
?
?
?
?
?
?
? 2
?
+ 1N 1.1
+ 157
1.6
?
?
+ 12K 0.8
+ 5K 2.1
? 6
2.0
?
?
?
?
?
?
? 7O 2.5
? 2V 0.8
+ 131
2.3
+ 72K 2.6
+
K 1.3
? 1
7.2
+ 4
0.4
+ 11N 3.1
? 10W 2.9
?
?
? 518N ?
+ 13O 2.3
? 13N 3.3
?
?
?
K ?
+ 74
1.8
+ 5
2.9
?
1.0
?
12.5
24.8
?
?
?
?
18.9
25.9
-6.1
25.2
16.7
24.6
?
45.7
?
5.9
5.2
16.0
15.6
13.7
14.5
35.1
23.4
6.4
?
41.3
22.4
22.0
-4.7
-0.9
22.4
12.8
40.5
435
311 IG Design Grpv
34K
11K
882
1924
4.2
4.6
856 Pershing Square
7O
4N Galantas Goldv
6
17Y GCM Resourcesv
24
68O Gem Diamonds
20K GETECHv
? -1.0
?
0.4 71.7
45
+
14
2.0 37.8
102
+
18
610
?
115
?
27
7O
?
1.1
?
?
? 30.2
3
1.1 24.5
?
?
?
?
?
2.5
2
219K
142Y ITV
146V +
22 Jaywingv
47K
412
18 Live Company Gpv
292 M&C Saatchiv
17X
V
7K MBL Groupv
22
2.8
K
9
? -6.4
?
39
+
382
?
13
7K ?
1
1K
?
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2.1
?
V
?
3O 5.0 14.3
?
685V ?
? Mediazestv
?
?
905
+
38
?
?
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
?
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
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+
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+
?
?
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
?
?
2
?
5K
?
85
?
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uAIM company; # Price at suspension;
? Ex dividend; ? Ex scrip; sEx rights issue;
t Ex all; � Ex capital distribution; * figures
or report awaited; . . . No significant data.
Companies in bold are constituents of the FTSE
100 Index. Investment Cos sector Nav Dis or Prm
supplied by Morningstar.
Data as shown is
for information
purposes only. No offer is made by
Morningstar or this publication
the times | Friday April 6 2018
53
1G M
Album cover artist to the
Doors and Joni Mitchell
Gary Burden
Page 54
Register
Obituaries
Fergus Anckorn
Longest-serving member of the Magic Circle whose tricks saved his life as a PoW and earned him the title Conjuror of the River Kwai
NICKY JOHNSTON/CAMERA PRESS
When the Japanese camp commandant asked Fergus Anckorn to perform
a conjuring trick for a visiting general,
the British prisoner of war requested 50
eggs. That afternoon he and the other
malnourished PoWs feasted on a giant
omelette. In the evening Anckorn
made a single egg vanish from a handkerchief; the general was delighted.
The commandant, Osato Yoshio, was
widely feared, but he had a blind spot:
he loved magic tricks. The next day he
reverted to type. Anckorn was summoned to explain what had happened
to the other 49 eggs. ?As quick as a flash
I said, ?Your show was so important, I
was rehearsing all day,? ? Anckorn
recalled later. The hand hovering over
the hilt of the general?s samurai sword
fell limp and Anckorn?s head remained
attached to his body. ?I think to this day
he probably knew that I was lying, but it
was enough to save his face.?
Anckorn, who became the youngest
member of the Magic Circle in 1937 at
the age of 18, was often diverted from
the back-breaking work of building the
Burma Railway in the tropical heat to
perform conjuring tricks for Japanese
guards. Each time he was ordered to do
a trick, Anckorn asked for food as a
prop: anything that contained the proteins and vitamins that could keep tropical ulcers, jungle sores and cholera at
bay. A quick-witted man with a sunny
temperament, he once made a coin
vanish from a tin of fish only for
it to reappear miraculously under a
banana. Anckorn?s reward was to eat his
props. ?They wouldn?t touch anything
we touched. We were verminous.?
He was generous with his acquisitions and became known as the ?Conjuror of the River Kwai? for his ability to
make food appear as if by magic. It was
a change from the snails, crickets,
snakes and mice with which the PoWs
supplemented starvation rations.
His war memoir was later published,
but his magic tricks from the Burma
Railway reached a wider audience on
the ITV show Britain?s Got Talent in
2016. That year the contest was won by
Lance Corporal Richard Jones of the
Household Cavalry, who had been
inspired to take up magic after reading
about Anckorn?s experiences.
Jones performed many of the tricks
that Anckorn had done for Japanese
guards on the Kwai. Many in the audience were crying as he recounted the
story of his hero, who at 97 was then the
oldest member of the Magic Circle.
Fergus Gordon Anckorn was born in
Dunton Green, Kent, in 1918, the son
of Wilfred Anckorn, a journalist, and
his wife, Beatrice (n閑 Elton). His
parents gave him a box of tricks on his
fifth birthday and he would receive
another box at every subsequent
birthday. He practised magic tricks
endlessly and, once they had been
perfected, would perform in front of his
classmates at Judd School, Tonbridge.
By the age of 14 he was so good that he
was approached by the president of the
Magic Circle and asked to perform in
front of him. Anckorn put a matchbox
on his hand and opened up the box
without moving his fingers. ?He told me
that it was very good, but asked what
happens if the thread [used to open
the box secretly] breaks. That?s what
started me on sleight of hand.?
that her son was dead. Then she decoded the flourishes: ?Still smiling.?
On one occasion Anckorn was
ordered to climb the Wampo viaduct
and paint it with creosote. He suffered
vertigo and stopped halfway up the
ladder, paralysed. The guard threw creosote over him. He spent three weeks in
another camp recovering from chemical burns. When he returned to the
railway all his friends were dead.
Another brush with mortality was in
1945, when he was one of five prisoners
taken into the jungle, tied to a tree and
told that they were about to be shot.
It was only by revisiting
Singapore in 2005 that
he banished his traumas
Fergus Anckorn with Lance Corporal Richard Jones, who was inspired by Anckorn?s war memoirs to
take up magic and perform on Britain?s Got Talent. Right: Anckorn three months after he was liberated
By the age of 18 he had already established an act using the stage name
Wizardus. By night he performed his
tricks; by day he worked as a clerk at
Marley Tile Co in Sevenoaks.
After the outbreak of war Anckorn
joined the 118th Field Regiment Royal
Artillery, but was then confined to the
Joyce Green hospital in Dartford with a
serious skin condition. ?One day the
fellow in the next bed asked if I was
He reckoned that from
1941 to 1945 he had five
near-death experiences
engaged. I said, ?Good God, no. I haven?t
got time for women.? ? At that point a
nurse walked into the ward. ?I quickly
added that if I ever did get married, it
would be to her.?
Her name was Lucille Hose. ?We hit
it off straight away. I used to go and talk
to her when she was in the sluice cleaning out the bedpans ? very romantic!?
Shortly afterwards, in early 1942, he
was posted to Singapore, just before it
fell to the Japanese. Almost as soon as
he had disembarked from the troopship, Japanese dive-bombers attacked
the island. Anckorn jumped into the
harbour. If any of the bombs had hit the
water the blast wave would have killed
him, but he survived. When he
emerged he found what was left of the
five soldiers he was with on the quayside. Not long afterwards Anckorn was
driving a military truck when it was
blown up. He was thrown into a storm
drain, which severely injured his hand.
Later, lying in a bed in the Alexandra
military hospital, slipping in and out of
consciousness, he pleaded for the hand
to be saved. The intervention of an
orderly who had seen him doing tricks
stopped the doctor amputating it.
Not long afterwards Japanese soldiers marched into the hospital and
bayoneted patients and staff. Anckorn
put a pillow over his head, murmured
?poor Mum? to himself and waited. He
heard the screams of dying men, but
then nothing happened to him. ?Blood
was still pouring on to my chest, on to
the bed, on to the
floor, and I was
lying like that.
When they came
to bayonet me
lood running
they saw all this blood
out. They thought they?d done it and
walked out.? He was one of only a handful of people to survive the atrocity out
of hundreds at the hospital.
Some time later he was sent to the
notorious Changi prison camp on Singapore. His arm and leg were still mangled and he used maggots to consume
the gangrene. He was then sent north to
work on the Burma railway, which the
Japanese planned to build through
treacherous jungle and mountain
terrain, forging a supply route between
Burma and Thailand. The line became
better known as the Death Railway.
He managed another trick in
smuggling messages home to his
mother. Prisoners could not write
letters, but were allowed to sign Red
Cross postcards; he hid shorthand in an
ornate signature. When his mother got
the card, she believed it was forged and
After ten minutes they were untied.
When they arrived back at the camp
they were told that the war had been
over for three days. ?My regiment was
980 [men] when we were taken prisoner and 250 when it finished.?
He reckoned that between 1941 and
1945 he had five near-death experiences. He called himself the ?luckiest man
alive?. After the Japanese surrendered
in 1945, Anckorn was not allowed to go
home for three months because he
looked ?too horrible?. When he did sail,
he was only six stone. Not long after he
married Lucille, but the immediate
postwar years were difficult.
In 1951 he had surgery to restore the
nerve function in his hand.
However, it would be
4 years before he
40
ccould perform his
tr
trick with the egg. ?My
k
knees
would knock
eeven thinking about it,?
h said. He lost much of
he
h
his gusto and became
rreclusive. He had nightm
mares and it was only
aafter he revisited Singap
pore in 2005 that he
b
banished the trauma.
In peacetime he comb
bined teaching business
sstudies at West Kent
C
College in Tonbridge
w
with service as a special
cconstable ? and magic.
H
His wife died in 1982. He
n
never remarried. He is survvived by his son, Simon, a
fformer
er profe
professional keyboard player
who runs an estate agency in West
Sussex, and his daughter, Deborah, a
former nurse who runs an estate agency in the south of France; it is, perhaps
appropriately, called Magic View.
In his later years Anckorn travelled
the country lecturing about his wartime experiences. He donated his fees
to the Burma Star Association, which
supports veterans of the ?Forgotten
Army? and their widows. He suffered
from bladder cancer in the last year of
his life and lost the power of speech during his final days in a nursing home.
Needless to say, it did not stop the Conjuror of the River Kwai from continuing
to perform magic tricks for his children.
Fergus Anckorn, magician, was born on
December 10, 1918. He died from bladder
cancer on March 22, 2018, aged 99
554
1G M
Friday April 6 2018 | the times
Register
Sir Peter Miller
Lloyd?s chairman who steered the insurance market through its darkest years and was the architect of reforming legislation
When Sir Peter Miller was showing
his son Andrew around the Lloyd?s
insurance market they bumped into Ian
Posgate, the multimillionaire underwriter nicknamed Goldfinger.
Miller said: ?Son, this is one of the
most important people at Lloyd?s ?
and a total pirate.?
Posgate replied: ?Yes, Andrew, and
your father is a total brigand.?
While that exchange owed much to
the culture of friendly insults that
pervaded the City in the 1970s, it also
contained a grain of truth: that Miller Sr
regarded the swashbuckling Posgate as
an amoral contributor to the corruption that was to threaten the market?s
very existence.
But to call the punctilious Miller a
brigand said more than anything else
about the colourful Posgate?s insistence
on having the last word. The latest in a
250-year family line of shipowners and
insurers, Miller was one of Lloyd?s leading marine brokers who became the
market?s chairman and was an architect
of the reforming 1982 Lloyd?s Act.
To his horror, Miller had to spend a
decade steering a path through a series
of scandals to enable the market to
survive with its credibility intact. He
did not totally succeed, mainly because
of the rogues? ability to get round any
rules, but also because he had grown up
in an inward-looking club where there
was a limit to how far any individual
could overthrow its traditions.
Miller had to repel an invader when
the Bank of England imposed Ian Hay
Miller was seen as a strict but fair boss
Davison, an accountant with no insurance experience, as Lloyd?s first chief
executive in 1983.
?I had quite a battle against the
people in there and I was made personally very uncomfortable,? Davison
recalled. ?If you went to see the chairman, a chair would not be provided for
you ? that sort of thing. They were
pretty difficult, but I stuck to my guns.?
Although Miller?s Lloyd?s Act introduced more transparency and split the
roles of brokers and underwriters, in
Davison?s eyes it did not go nearly far
enough. He said: ?The much more
serious abuses of conflicts of interest
were where agents put their own interests improperly ahead of their duties to
their Names [the outside investors in
insurance syndicates who were
famously liable down to their shirts].?
What the Names did not know was
that some insiders were putting money
into ?baby? syndicates, insuring events
where there was a low risk of having to
meet claims. The Names took the hits
on the riskier policies. Davison said:
?I would have said that every single
member of the committee of Lloyd?s
was a member of a baby syndicate.?
That would have included his archrival, Miller ? who said Davison could
not grasp that Lloyd?s was ?a great
market institution, marked by the
bloody-minded independence of each
individual underwriter, of each individual broker. When the bullets fly, I don?t
see Ian?s head above the parapet.?
Davison was unable to persuade the
director of public prosecutions to
charge any brokers or underwriters
with malpractice and quit after three
years. Miller settled with the Names
who had suffered, reached a deal with
the Inland Revenue over how underwriting losses should be taxed and was
at the Queen?s side when she cut the
ribbon to open the present Richard
Rogers-designed building in 1986.
He was born Peter North Miller; the
North came from his mother, Dorothy,
whose family were called North Lewis.
His ancestors were German-Jewish
shipowners; his great-grandfather
managed the Mutual Steam Ship Protection Association. His father, Cyril,
was a marine barrister who became a
partner of Thos R Miller & Son, the
family?s Lloyd?s broking arm. Miller had
a difficult time; his parents divorced
and Cyril was frequently abroad with
the Special Operations Executive.
Dorothy sold the furniture to pay his
school fees. He attended Rugby School
and Oxford, where he read history and
won Blues in cross-country and athletics. He was at Iffley Road to see Christopher Chataway make the pace for
Roger Bannister to break the fourminute mile barrier in 1954. The next
year Miller paced Chataway to perform
?We had assumed that
our leading underwriters
were men of honesty?
the feat. He followed his father, becoming a Lloyd?s member in 1953, qualifying
as a barrister in 1954 and five years later
being made a partner in the family firm.
Lloyd?s was a protected market in the
1950s and so life was fairly relaxed.
Miller said: ?A friend and I used to take
the boat from Tower Pier at lunchtime,
with some sandwiches and a bottle of
beer, and go down to Greenwich and
come back. It wasn?t that we were lazy
? there wasn?t the business around.?
He became a strict but fair senior
partner of Thos R Miller. In 1983 he set
up an employee trust so that the firm
could not be sold without the staff?s
consent. And when they had trouble
getting to work because of rail strikes, at
the end of the week Miller went around
the office handing everyone � notes
? a little loyalty bonus that the tax
people may not have heard about.
At a party he met Katharine Milner,
a secretary, who became his first wife in
1955. Miller promised to take her
overseas for their honeymoon, but
because of foreign exchange restrictions could only afford to go as far as
Sark. They fell in love with the island
and bought a house there, and Miller
was a member of Chief Pleas, its parliament, for 40 years. They had two sons
and a daughter. Andrew and Tessa
went into the family firm, and James
was a gardener for Merton council.
In 1979 Miller briefly married ?Leni?
Boon Lian Gowans, one of Katharine?s
friends. Finally, in 1991, he wed Jane
Herbertson, his secretary in the family
firm. They had a son, Harry, a captain
with Norwegian Airlines.
Miller gave Andrew pocket money at
Rugby, but insisted on his son keeping a
ledger of his spending to help him to
realise the value of money ? a throwback to his fraught teenage years.
He never fully shook off the harrowing events that marred his Lloyd?s
career. ?It was a hell of a shock to us,? he
said. ?We had always assumed that our
great leading underwriters were men of
personal honesty. It never occurred to
us that they were anything else.?
Sir Peter North Miller, chairman,
Lloyd?s insurance market, was born
on September 28, 1930. He died on
January 30, 2018, aged 87
Gary Burden
Album cover artist to the Doors, Joni Mitchell and the Eagles, among others, who found his calling almost by accident
JEFF KRAVITZ/FILMMAGIC/GETTY IMAGES
Gary Burden was working as an architect on a house extension for Cass Elliot
when the Mamas & the Papas singer
casually offered him another job that
would change his life. ?You know how
to design stuff,? she told him. ?You
should make our new album cover.?
Burden obliged with the artwork for
the group?s 1968 album, The Papas & the
Mamas, and after finishing work on
Elliot?s home, his career as an architect
was done. ?I blew off my three-piece
suit and never looked back,? he said.
?That was when I was born, the real me.
Before that I was living somebody else?s
idea of who I should be.?
Elliot was better-known as Mama
Cass and had a reputation as ?the
Gertrude Stein of rock?n?roll?, through
whose Laurel Canyon salon the cream
of the Californian rock scene
freewheeled. When she recommended
him to her famous friends, Burden
swiftly became the most in-demand art
director in the American music industry.
Until the mid-1960s, album covers
existed, with a few notable exceptions,
simply to hold records and prevent the
vinyl inside from getting scratched.
Burden turned album design into an art
form, creating iconic and eye-catching
covers for Crosby, Stills & Nash, the
Doors, the Eagles, Joni Mitchell and
Neil Young, who was a friend and
collaborator for more than 45 years.
Laid-back and avuncular, he adopted
the look, the lifestyle and the drug
preferences of his clients to become a
quintessential Californian hippy, albeit
an industrious one who between 1968
and 1975 designed more than 50 album
covers. ?I found order in architecture
and love in rock?n?roll,? he said.
The covers he created were conceived as an integral part of the artistic
package, designed to ?further and
deepen the listening experience?, and
often containing clues and ?secret
messages? for the listener about the
nature of the songs inside. ?How to
visualise the music. That?s been my
mission,? he said.
He was born in 1933 in Cleveland,
Ohio, to Lowell and Agatha Burden
and grew up in Florida, where his
parents ran a citrus fruit ranch. As a
child he tap-danced in his sister?s stage
act and showed a talent for drawing, but
rebelled against his family?s conservative mores at an early age. ?I didn?t fit
in,? he said.
At 16 he coerced his mother into signing a paper that lied about his age and
ran away to join the Marine Corps. If
submitting to military discipline was an
unusual expression of rebellion,
growing up during the Second World
War had given him a romantic idea of
serving in uniform and his principal
motivation was simply to get away from
home. On leaving the Marines he
settled in California, studied architecture at Berkeley and became a beatnik,
racing the canyons in a customised
Mini Cooper with an engine so souped
up that he claimed he outran Corvettes
and Ferraris.
After an unhappy stint at an
architectural practice, he went freelance and ended up working on Elliot?s
house, where he met David Crosby,
Stephen Stills and Graham Nash, who
were in the process of forming the
world?s first ?super-group?. When
they asked him to design the cover for
their 1969 debut album, he found a
funky, run-down clapperboard house
that he thought was the perfect
location for an atmospheric photoshoot. ?There were weeds all round and
an old chair and sofa outside. It was like
Tobacco Road on West Hollywood.
It was perfect.?
He seated the trio on the sofa, but
seated them in the order Nash, Stills
and Crosby. ?The band didn?t have a
name when we did the shoot,? he
Gary Burden at the Grammy awards in 2010
with his wife, Jenice Heo. Above, from top:
the covers he created for Joni Mitchell?s
album Blue, On the Beach by Neil Young,
and Crosby, Stills & Nash?s first album
recalled. ?We jokingly called them the
Frozen Noses. But after they became
CSN we decided, ?OK, we?ll go back and
reshoot it, and you guys can sit in the
proper order.? ?
When they arrived, they found the
house had been demolished and
Burden was forced to stick with the
original shot, causing Crosby to
complain
l i ffor years after that people
thought he was Nash.
Feeling ?intimidated? by the technology of shutter speeds and focal lengths,
Burden seldom took his own pictures,
but hired photographers, whom he
directed as if he were on a film set.
Indeed, many of his covers were minimovie concepts that required elaborate
planning. For the Eagles? debut album
he got them high on mescaline and kept
them up all night before taking them to
the desert to shoot the cover at sunrise.
To shoot a cover for the Doors, he
found a bar named the Morrison Hotel
and asked the desk manager if he could
photograph the group and their lead
singer, Jim Morrison, in front of the sign
iin the lobby.
?He said, ?Absolutely not, you can?t do
that,? so I thought we could just take
the picture outside. But as we
w
were doing that, I noticed him
gget into the elevator and we ran
in
in. The photographer shot one
rroll of film and we were gone
b
before that guy came back.?
For Joni Mitchell?s seminal 1971
aalbum, Blue, Burden chose a strikin
ing close-up of the singer in the
ssame colour, which reflected the
in
intimacy of the songs inside.
His favourite was the cover he
sshot for Neil Young?s On the Beach,
o
on which he created an image ladeen with messages. Shot on Santa
i beach, he cut off the fin from a
Monica
Cadillac convertible he had found in a
jjunkyard and half-buried it in the sand,
dressed Young in cheap polyester
cclothing and included a copy of that
d
day?s newspaper with a headline
d
declaring ?Sen Buckley Calls On Nixon
T
To Resign? to create a ?capsule of that
m
moment in time? and a memorably
ssurreal image of trashy, disposable
A
American consumerism.
He went on to design more than 40
aalbum covers for Young, including a
mammoth box set for which he won a
Grammy award in 2010. In later years
his designs were co-credited to his wife,
Jenice Heo. Young acted as best man at
their wedding.
Gary Burden, artist, was born on
May 23, 1933. He died after a short
illness on March 7, 2018, aged 84
the times | Friday April 6 2018
55
1G M
Register
Law Report
Births, Marriages and Deaths
Power of Electoral Commission
to change party description
WISE children pay attention when
their parents correct them, but arrogant
people never admit they are wrong.
Proverbs 13.1 (GNB)
Queen?s Bench Division
Published April 6, 2018
Regina (English Democrats Party)
v Electoral Commission
Before Mr Justice Supperstone
[2018] EWHC 251 (Admin)
Judgment February 14, 2018
The Electoral Commission had
power to make changes to entries
in the register of political parties
for Great Britain relating to a
registered party without the
agreement of that party.
Mr Justice Supperstone so held
when dismissing a claim for judicial review by the claimant, the
English Democrats Party, challenging the decision of the defendant, the Electoral Commission,
to maintain the register under section 23 of the Political Parties,
Elections and Referendums Act
2000 by removing the description
?English Democrats ? England
Worth Fighting For!?, one of the
12 descriptions included in the
claimant?s entry in the register.
The claimant was registered as
a political party with the commission under Part II of the 2000 Act.
Concerned about a forthcoming
by-election for Batley and Spen
following the murder of MP Jo
Cox in the week before the referendum on the United Kingdom?s
membership of the European
Union, the commission conducted a review of whether any new
applications or existing registered
identifiers of parties that had
expressed an intention to stand at
that by-election, of which the
claimant was one, might be offensive in the light of the circumstances surrounding the by-election.
The commission took the view
that the description ?English
Democrats ? England Worth
Fighting For!? was offensive in
that context in that the description could reasonably be perceived as a call to, or condoning,
violent means to further a
particular political view. Accordingly the commission removed
the description from the register
in exercise of its power to maintain the register under section 23
of the Act.
The claimant appeared by its
leader, Robin Tilbrook, acting in
person. Mr Philip Coppel, QC, for
the defendant.
Mr Justice Supperstone said
that section 23(1) of the 2000
Act provided that the register
(a) should be ?maintained? by
the Electoral Commission, and
(b) should be ?so maintained in
such form? as the commission
might determine. It was clear from
the wording of sub-section (b) that
sub-section (a) was not concerned
with the form of the register, but
with its content. The commission
did not ?maintain? the register by
allowing non-compliant entries to
remain on it.
The maintenance of a register
involved a continual process of
securing that both new entries to
it and existing entries satisfied the
requirements for being on the
register. The commission main-
tained the register by ensuring
that each entry met present,
rather than historic, requirements. Section 23(1) of the 2000
Act gave the commission the vires
to make the decision.
His Lordship did not accept
that the decision was one that
the commission could not reasonably have reached. It was clear
that the commission had undertaken a careful review.
It concluded that the murder of
Ms Cox in her constituency under
the banner of putting ?Britain
first? meant that the use of the
word ?fighting? in the description
?English Democrats ? England
Worth Fighting For!? would, for a
sufficiently large number of voters
reading the ballot paper, more
likely be associated with the
primary meaning of the word
?fighting? (the use of physical
force to defeat an opponent) than
its secondary meaning (campaigning for a cause), rendering
the description offensive.
That was a conclusion that the
commission had been entitled to
reach on the evidence. The review
summary recorded the views
articulated by the registration
team and the approval board
that were considered when the
decision was made. It was recognised that the word ?fighting? had
different meanings and gave
reasons for concluding as it did,
having regard to the circumstances that existed at the time.
Solicitors: Treasury Solicitor.
Court Circular
Clarence House
5th April, 2018
The Prince of Wales and The
Duchess of Cornwall this morning
visited the Athletes Village, Gold
Coast, Queensland, Australia.
His Royal Highness this
afternoon received the Hon
Malcolm Turnbull MP (Prime
Minister of the Commonwealth
of Australia) at the Athletes Village.
The Prince of Wales and The
Duchess of Cornwall afterwards
visited Commonwealth House,
Broadbeach.
His Royal Highness later
received the Hon William Shorten
MP (Leader of the Opposition)
at the Sheraton Grand Mirage,
Gold Coast.
The Prince of Wales
subsequently received Her
Excellency the Rt Hon Dame
Patricia Reddy (Governor-General
of New Zealand).
His Royal Highness afterwards
attended the XXI Commonwealth
Games on the Gold Coast.
The Duchess of Cornwall this
afternoon held a Meeting with
MasterChef Australia at
Government House, Brisbane.
Her Royal Highness later
attended the XXI Commonwealth
Games on the Gold Coast.
Buckingham Palace
5th April, 2018
The Duke of York today carried
out the following engagements
in Manama, Bahrain.
His Royal Highness, Founder,
Pitch@Palace, this morning
received entrepreneurs taking
part in Pitch@Palace Bahrain,
at the Ritz Carlton Hotel,
King Mohammed VI Avenue,
Bible verses provided by Bible Society
Births
BRYANT燨n�d燗pril�18爐o燣ouise
(n閑燦orth)燼nd燱illiam,燼爏on,燫ufus
Alexander燡ack,燽rother爐o燛lizabeth.
STOREY燨n�th燜ebruary�18爐o
Laura�(n閑燞arvey)燼nd燙harlie,燼
daughter,燙osima燨livia.
Forthcoming
Marriages
DR L.L. GIBSON
AND燤R A.C. WOOLF
The爀ngagement爄s燼nnounced燽etween
Lucy,爀ldest燿aughter爋f燤r燼nd燤rs
Piers燝ibson爋f燩addockhurst,燱est
Sussex,燼nd燗nthony,爏on爋f燤r燼nd
Mrs燫obert燱oolf爋f燣ondon.
MR燛.J. GRIFFITHS
AND燤ISS G.E. HAMMOND
The爀ngagement爄s燼nnounced燽etween
Edward,爏on爋f燤r燼nd燤rs燗ndrew
Griffiths爋f燭opsham,燚evon,燼nd
Georgina,燿aughter爋f燤r燼nd燤rs
Peter燞ammond爋f燬herborne,
Gloucestershire.
MR N.J. METTYEAR
AND燤ISS C.R. ROUTH
The爀ngagement爄s燼nnounced燽etween
Nicholas,爏on爋f燞is燞onour燤ichael
Mettyear燚L燼nd燤rs燝ail燤ettyear爋f
Lockington,燛ast燳orkshire,燼nd
Charlotte,燿aughter爋f燤r燬imon燫outh
of燙layhanger,燚evon,燼nd燤rs燢aren
Routh爋f燜resagrandinaria,燗bruzzo,
Italy.
CAPTAIN E.W. MITCHELL
AND燤ISS T.D. ROWSE
The爀ngagement爄s燼nnounced燽etween
Edward,爀ldest爏on爋f燤r燼nd燤rs
Adrian燤itchell爋f燗ngoul阭e,燜rance,
and燭essa,爀ldest燿aughter爋f燤r燼nd
Mrs燩eregrine燫owse爋f燞artley
Wintney,燞ampshire.
MR J.R. ORDIDGE
AND燤ISS T.F. PRESTWICH
The爀ngagement爄s燼nnounced燽etween
John燫obert,爋nly爏on爋f燘ob燼nd燦icola
Ordidge爋f燝reat燘arugh,燦orth
Yorkshire,燼nd燭amara燜rancesca,爋nly
daughter爋f燭imothy燼nd燚iana
Prestwich爋f燘utterwick,燦orth
Yorkshire.
MR A.T. SHALABY
AND燤ISS O.J. MUIR
Al Seef District.
The Duke of York, Vice Admiral,
this morning opened the United
Kingdom Naval Support Facility
at Mina Salman, Juffair, and
was received by The Crown Prince
of Bahrain.
His Royal Highness, Patron,
Services Sound and Vision
Corporation, afterwards toured
the welfare facility at the United
Kingdom Naval Support Facility
and attended a Reception for
British and Bahraini businesses.
The Duke of York this afternoon
called upon Lieutenant General
Rashid bin Abdullah Al Khalifa
(Minister of Interior of the
Kingdom of Bahrain) at the
Diwan Fort.
His Royal Highness, Chancellor,
subsequently visited the University
of Huddersfield at the Diwan Fort.
The Duke of York, Founder,
Pitch@Palace, later visited
Fintech Bay, Arcapita Bahrain Bay
Building 551.
His Royal Highness, Founder,
Inspiring Digital Enterprise Award,
afterwards opened the British
University of Bahrain at the
Atrium, Saar.
The Duke of York, Founder,
Pitch@Palace, this evening
held Pitch@Palace Bahrain for
supporters and entrepreneurs,
at Sheikh Salman in Ahmed Fort,
Riffa.
His Royal Highness later
attended a Dinner given by
The King of Bahrain.
Buckingham Palace
5th April, 2018
The Princess Royal, President,
Royal Yachting Association, today
attended the Youth National
Championships, Largs Sailing
Club, Largs Yacht Haven, Irvine
Road, Largs, Ayrshire, and
was received by Her Majesty?s
Lord-Lieutenant of Ayrshire and
Arran (Mrs Iona McDonald).
Her Royal Highness, Honorary
President, Spinal Injuries Scotland,
this evening attended a Dinner
at Mercure Aberdeen Ardoe House
Hotel, South Deeside Road, Blairs,
Aberdeen, and was received by Dr
Andrew Orr (Vice Lord-Lieutenant
of Kincardineshire).
Kensington Palace
5th April, 2018
The Duke of Gloucester this
morning visited Coverack Village,
Helston, and was received by
Her Majesty?s Lord-Lieutenant
of Cornwall (Colonel Edward
Bolitho).
His Royal Highness this
afternoon visited Cornish Sea
Salt, Pol Gwarra, Porthkerris,
Lizard Peninsula.
The Duke of Gloucester later
officially re-opened Truthall Halt
on the Helston Railway at Trevarno
Farm, Prospidnick, Helston.
His Royal Highness afterwards
visited Tom Raffield Limited,
Nanskerris, Trevarno, North
Helston.
St James?s Palace
5th April, 2018
The Duke of Kent today visited
Kent and was received by
Her Majesty?s Lord-Lieutenant
(the Viscount De L?Isle).
His Royal Highness this
morning visited Queenborough
Guildhall Museum, High Street,
Queenborough.
The Duke of Kent later visited
Sheerness Dockyard Church,
Sheerness Dockyard Preservation
Trust, Naval Terrace, Sheerness.
His Royal Highness this
afternoon visited Eastchurch
Aviation Museum, Wright?s Way,
off Brabazon Road, Standford Hill,
Eastchurch.
The Duke of Kent afterwards
visited the Community Hub of
HM Prison Standford Hill,
Eastchurch.
His Royal Highness, President,
Commonwealth War Graves
Commission, this evening attended
the Gallipoli World Peace Concert
at Cadogan Hall, 5 Sloane Terrace,
London SW1, and was received by
Lady Arnold (Deputy Lieutenant
of Greater London).
The爀ngagement爄s燼nnounced燽etween
Adam,爏on爋f燤r燼nd燤rs燭arek
Shalaby爋f燦idau,燬witzerland,燼nd
Olivia,燿aughter爋f燤r燼nd燤rs燫obert
Muir爋f燩etworth,燱est燬ussex.
MR D.A. STRANGE
AND燤ISS E.A.B. DAVNALL
The爀ngagement爄s燼nnounced燽etween
Darren,爏on爋f營an燼nd燩addy燬trange
of燞igh燱ycombe,燘uckinghamshire,
and燛llen,燿aughter爋f燡ohn燼nd燬arah
Davnall爋f燫adcliffe,燤anchester.
Deaths
ANSCOMB燞elen爋f燗shmansworth,
passed燼way爌eacefully燼t爃ome,爋n
Good燜riday,�th燤arch�18,燼ged
71.燬he爓ill燽e爂reatly爉issed燽y爃er
brothers,爊ieces,爊ephews燼nd燼ll爓ho
knew爃er.燭he爁uneral爓ill爐ake爌lace
at燬t燜rancis燿e燬ales燙hurch,
Newbury,爋n�th燗pril,燼t爊oon.
Donations燾an燽e爉ade爐o燙afod.
BAYLIS燩atrick燛dmund燭revor爋n
25th燤arch�18,爁ormerly爋f
Whitchurch燞ill,燫eading.燜uneral
service爓ill燽e爃eld燼t燬t燞elen's
Church,燘enson,爋n燱ednesday�th
April,燼t�m.燜amily爁lowers爋nly
please,燿onations爐o燬ue燫yder,
Nettlebed,爉ay燽e爏ent燾/o燞oward
Chadwick燜uneral燬ervice,�燘enson
Lane,燙rowmarsh,燨X10�D,爋r爉ade
online爒ia
www.chadwicksfuneralservice.com.
COOPER燙ynthia�(Cindi)燤uriel�(n閑
Bailey)爌assed燼way爋n�th燤arch
2018,燼ged�.燘eloved爉um爐o燦icci
and燝ary燼nd爂randmother爐o
Georgina.燣oved爁or爃er爂race,燾ourage
and爂enerosity.
FRASER Fleur燡udith爎etired燞M
Diplomatic燬ervice.燩assed燼way
peacefully燼t爐he燫oyal燭rinity燞ospice,
on爐he�th燜ebruary�18.燗爏ervice
will燽e爃eld燼t爐he燚arlington
Crematorium,燙armel燫oad燦orth,
Darlington,燚L3�Y,爋n燱ednesday
18th燗pril�18,燼t�45pm.燩lease
contact燘arthram燜uneral燬ervice
Undertakers爋f�燬outh燩arade,
Northallerton,燚L7�G,爐elephone:
01609777255,爎eference燝avin燭yler.燦o
flowers爌lease.燚onations燾an燽e爉ade
to爐he燫oyal燭rinity燞ospice,�
Clapham燙ommon燦orth燬ide,燙lapham,
London,燬W4�N.燗爁urther爏ervice爐o
celebrate燜leur's爈ife爓ill燽e爃eld爈ater
in爐he爕ear燼t爃er燩arish燙hurch爄n
Chelsea,燣ondon,燬W3.燜or爄nformation
about爐his燾elebratory爏ervice爌lease
contact燱illiam燞eath�&燙o燬olicitors,
16燬ale燩lace,燬ussex燝ardens,燣ondon,
W2�X.燭el:�074023151,爎eference
Edwin燣ee,爀mail:
edwin.lee@williamheath.co.uk.
www.newsukadvertising.co.uk
HALLAM燣isa�(n閑燨ppenheimer)燿ied
on�st燤arch�18,燼ged�.燘eloved
aunt爋f燗nne,燫ichard,燤onica燼nd燡on.
Funeral爐o爐ake爌lace燼t�m,爋n
Wednesday�th燗pril,燼t爐he燱est
Chapel爋f爐he燝olders燝reen
Crematorium,�燞oop燣ane,燣ondon,
NW11�L.燦o爁lowers爌lease,燽ut
donations,爄f燿esired,爐o燤arie燙urie爋r
Alzheimer?s燫esearch燯K.
HELY燞UTCHINSON燘eatrice燤ary
peacefully燼t爐he燬evern燞ospice,
Shrewsbury,爋n�th燤arch�18,燼ged
74.燘eloved爓ife爋f燙hristopher,
adored爉other爋f燗dam燼nd爋f
Henrietta燨gilvy燼nd爉other-in-law爋f
Nina燼nd燚iarmid,爉uch-loved爏ister
of燫ose營sepp,爒ery爌roud爂randmother
of燜elix燼nd營vo燼nd燼n爄nspiration燼nd
friend爐o爉any. All爀nquiries爌lease爐o
Victoria燗llen燜uneral燬ervices,
Ludlow.燭el:�584�9035.
HINDMARSH
Judy爋n�th燤arch�18,燼ged
94.營t爄s爓ith爂reat爏adness爓e
announce爐he燿eath爋f燤rs燡udy
Hindmarsh,燼ffectionately爇nown
as燤rs燞.
She爓as爁ormerly爃ead爋f爐he
makeup燿epartment燼t爐he燘BC
and爐hen燽ecame爐he燿riving爁orce
of爐he燘ear燞otel,燙rickhowell,爁or
the爈ast�爕ears.
She燿ied爌eacefully爏urrounded燽y
her爁amily.燤rs燞爓ill燽e爂reatly
missed燽y爃er爁amily,燾ustomers,
many爁riends燼nd燼ll爐he爏taff.
Steve燼nd燬am爓ish爐o爐hank
everyone爁or爐heir爇ind爐houghts
and爓ishes.
A爉emorial爏ervice爓ill燽e爃eld燼t
St燛dmund's燙hurch爄n
Crickhowell,燼t�m,爋n燭uesday
17th燗pril.燜amily爁lowers爋nly
please,燽ut爄f爏o燿esired,燿onations
for燗ir燗mbulance,燾/o燣awrence
Prosser�&燬ons燜uneral燚irectors,
Ebbw燰ale,燦P23�W,爐el:
01495303281.
SHELLEY燤ajor燗ndrew燭homas
Rupert燿ied爌eacefully燼t爃ome爋n�d
April�18,燼ged�,爏urrounded燽y爃is
beloved燾hildren,燬arah燼nd燦ick燼nd
grandsons,燚aniel燼nd燗idan.燗爏ervice
to爐hank燝od爁or燼爈ife爓ell爈ived爐o燽e
held燼t燞oly燭rinity燙hurch,燫udgwick,
on燭uesday�th燗pril,燼t�30pm. No
flowers爌lease,燽ut,爄f爓ished,
donations燾an燽e爉ade爐o燙are爁or
Veterans爋r燘ible燬ociety爒ia燜reeman
Brothers,�燞igh燬treet,燘illingshurst,
RH14�P.
WIGGLESWORTH燡anet燿ied
peacefully爋n�th燤arch�18,燼ged�
years,燼t燣ongbridge燚everill燦ursing
Home. Devoted爓ife爋f爐he爈ate
Richard,燽eloved爉other爋f燬imon,
Anna,燗dam燼nd燬ophie.燩roud
grandmother,爈oved燽y爁amily燼nd
friends爊ear燼nd爁ar.燜uneral爏ervice爐o
be爃eld燼t�am,爋n燱ednesday�th
April�18,燼t燬t燤ary?s燙hurch爄n
Stapleford,燱iltshire. The爏ervice爄s燼
celebration爋f燡anet's爈ife,爏o燽lack爄s
not爎equired.燜amily爁lowers爋nly
please,燿onations爁or燭he燗lzheimer?s
Society燾an燽e爏ent燾/o燙hris燱hite
Funeral燚irectors,�燬outh燬treet,
Wilton,燬P2�S.燭el:�722�469.
Birthdays
18TH燘IRTHDAY燤um燼nd燚ad爓ish
Rayna燞appy燘irthday.
Legal Notices
HOFFELNER
Swintger�(Sven)燿ied爏uddenly爋n
16th燤arch�18,爓hist爋n爃oliday
in燡ersey.
Funeral爐o燽e爃eld燼t燢ensal燝reen
Crematorium,爋n燱ednesday�th
April,燼t�45pm.
LEWIS燩aul燿ied爌eacefully燼t爃ome爋n
28th燤arch�18,燼fter燼爈ong燽attle
with爈ung燿isease,燿eeply爈oved燽y燼nd
loving爃usband爋f燘iddy燼nd燼dored
father爋f燜iona,燬imon,燡oanna燼nd
Thea.燞is爁uneral爓ill燽e爋n燤onday
16th燗pril,燼t燬t燗ndrew?s燙hurch,
Oxshott,燼t�30pm.燜amily爁lowers
only,燽ut燿onations,爄f燿esired,爐o爐he
British燣ung燜oundation,燾/o燬herlock
Funeral燬ervice,燭rellis燞ouse,燚orking,
RH4�S,爓ho爓ill燼lso爐ake燼ll
enquiries.
MACMILLAN燡ames Michael燿ied
peacefully爋n�th燤arch�18,燼ged
77.燗爂entle爉an,爈oved燽y燼ll爓ho
knew爃im.燜uneral爏ervice燼t燬t燤ary's
Church,燘ures,燬uffolk,燼t�am,爋n
Friday�th燗pril,爁ollowed燽y燽urial
with爃is燽eloved燙aroline.燚onations
please爐o燜arleigh燞ospice爋r燫NLI,燾/o
Hunnaball爋f燙olchester,�燤ersea
Road,燛ssex,燙O2�T.
MENZIES燡ean�(n閑燭aylor)爓idow爋f
Victor,爓ho爈eft爑s爋n燭hursday�th
March�18,燼ged�.燬he爓ill燽e
deeply爉issed燽y燼ll爃er爁riends,
family燼nd爐he燤arylebone
community.燗爏eparate爁uneral爊otice
will燽e爄ssued爊ext爓eek.燫onald燩
Sherry燜uneral燚irectors.燭el:�07
723�25.
POLLINS燞arold爋n�h燗pril�18,
aged�,爌assed燼way爌eacefully爄n爃is
sleep.燘urial爓ill燽e燼t�m,燼t
Wolvercote燙emetery,燨xford,爋n�h
April.燤issed燽y爃is爁amily燼nd爁ormer
colleagues燼nd爏tudents燼t燫uskin
College,燨xford.燘ye燽ye爔xx.
PRYOR燛lizabeth燣aura�(n閑燘uxton)
died爋n�th燤arch�18,燼ged�.
Adored爓ife爋f燫evd燱illiam燩ryor燼nd
devoted爉other爐o燰ictoria,燗lexander,
Hugh燼nd爐he爈ate燭homas.燜uneral爋n
17th燗pril,燼t燬t燤ichael's燙hurch,
Summertown,燼t�30pm.燦o爁lowers.
All爀nquiries爐o燬andra燞omewood
Funerals.燭el:�865�0000.
RIORDAN燡osephine燦ora�(n閑
Laskey)燿ied爌eacefully爋n�th燤arch
2018,燼ged�.燱ife爋f爐he爈ate燡ack
Riordan.燤other爐o燛dmund,燩eter,
Paul燼nd燘arry,爂randmother爐o燗lan,
Emma,燩eter燼nd燤ichael.燜uneral燼t
St燤ary燤agdelen燙hurch,
Wandsworth,爋n爐he�th燗pril�18,燼t
12pm.燦o爁lowers爌lease,燾ontributions
to燼燿ementia爋r爈eukaemia燾harity
welcome.
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the times | Friday April 6 2018
59
1G M
Weather
Weather Eye
Paul Simons
Today Cloudy in the north and west with rain. Brighter and drier in the south and east. Max 16C (61F), min 1C (34F)
Around Britain
Five days ahead
Key: b=bright, c=cloud, d=drizzle, pc=partly cloudy
du=dull, f=fair, fg=fog, h=hail, m=mist, r=rain,
sh=showers, sl=sleet, sn=snow, s=sun, t=thunder
*=previous day **=data not available
Scattered showers are
expected, with some
more general rain in the
south at times
Temperature
Tomorrow
Flood alerts and warnings
Temp C
Rain mm Sun hr*
midday yesterday
24 hrs to 5pm yesterday
Aberdeen
Aberporth
Anglesey
Aviemore
Barnstaple
Bedford
Belfast
Birmingham
Bournemouth
Bridlington
Bristol
Camborne
Cardiff
Edinburgh
Eskdalemuir
Glasgow
Guernsey
Hereford
Herstmonceux
Ipswich
Isle of Man
Isle of Wight
Keswick
Kinloss
Leeds
Lerwick
Leuchars
Lincoln
Liverpool
London
Lyneham
Manchester
Margate
Milford Haven
Newcastle
Nottingham
Orkney
Oxford
Plymouth
Portland
Scilly, St Mary?s
Shoreham
Shrewsbury
Skye
Snowdonia
Southend
Stornoway
Tiree
Whitehaven
Wick
Yeovilton
6
8
8
4
9
8
7
7
10
9
9
9
7
7
6
8
9
9
9
8
7
9
7
7
6
4
8
8
8
9
7
9
8
8
7
8
6
8
10
8
10
9
8
7
7
9
6
7
6
6
9
C
PC
PC
S
PC
S
S
S
S
S
S
PC
S
PC
PC
S
PC
S
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
S
PC
S
S
S
PC
S
S
PC
PC
PC
S
PC
S
PC
S
S
PC
PC
PC
S
PC
PC
1.0
0.6
0.4
0.4
0.0
1.4
0.0
3.6
0.6
4.0
0.4
0.0
0.0
5.6
1.6
1.4
**
0.2
0.0
0.4
0.4
0.2
11.6
0.0
2.6
0.9
1.4
0.2
0.0
0.0
1.8
1.2
0.0
0.2
2.8
1.2
0.2
0.6
0.2
0.4
0.0
0.4
0.6
**
5.0
0.2
0.2
0.2
6.8
0.2
0.4
0.0
0.8
0.1
0.0
**
**
0.8
**
0.5
**
1.7
0.6
4.5
0.0
0.0
0.9
**
**
1.5
3.5
0.0
**
**
1.9
**
11.6
0.0
2.4
**
1.1
0.9
1.2
6.2
**
**
0.6
6.1
**
**
**
**
1.9
0.9
**
**
5.5
9.7
10.1
0.2
**
0.8
Rather an unsettled day as showery
outbreaks of rain move in from the
south, becomin h
laces.
Scotland wil
of any dry
and sunny
.
Max 15C,
10
4
0
Slight
7
Moderate
Rough
28 (degrees C)
6
At 17:00 on Thursday there were
17 ?ood warnings and 80 ?ood
alerts in England, 1 ?ood warning
and 1 ?ood alert in Wales, but
no ?ood alerts or warnings in
Scotland.
For further information and
updates, visit ?ood-warninginformation.service.gov.uk, and for
Scotland www.SEPA.org.uk
7
31
Aberdeen
NORTH
SEA
11
37
Edinburgh
Glasgow
28
Londonderry
Rather cloudy across England with
some rain at times. Remaining areas
will have sunn
a scatterin
of showers.
Max 14C,
Belfast
9
68
15
59
10
50
5
41
0
32
-5
23
-10
14
-15
5
Cork
i h
Norwich
11
10
Birmingham
Swansea
13
5
15
Bristol
Southampton
Exeterr
Plymouth
Brighton
14
CHANNEL
1
hine for a time,
time but turning
some sunshine
cloudier through the day as outbreaks
of rain spread from the west. Fresh to
strong southeasterly winds. Maximum
14C (57F), minimum 5C (41F).
Republic of Ireland, N Ireland: Cloudy
at ?rst with outbreaks of rain. Brighter
weather with showers will spread
from the south. Moderate or fresh
southeasterly winds turning southerly
or southwesterly. Maximum
12C (54F), minimum 2C (36F).
Cen N and NE Eng, Borders, Edinburgh
Tides
London
13
1
11
General situation: A dry an bright
start for many places but rain will
move into the north and west.
Channel Is, Cen S and SE Eng, London,
E Mids, E Anglia, E Eng: It should be a
?ne day with spells of hazy sunshine.
Moderate or fresh southeasterly
winds, stronger for a time through
the Channel. Maximum 16C (61F),
minimum 7C (45F).
SW Eng, Wales, W Mids, NW Eng, IoM,
Lake District, SW Scotland, Glasgow:
A ?ne start for most places with
Cambridge
Oxford
Cardiff
CELTIC
SEA
Channel Islands
Mainly dry across Scotland with patchy
cloud and sunny spells. Showers are
likely farther so t i
ome more
persistent r
.
Max 16C,
26
Nottingham
Shrewsbury
32
9
77
20
Sheffield
14
LLlandudno
10
10
A bright and breezy day across much
of Britain. Southern England will be
cloudier with s w
ome longer
spells of rai
Max 15C,
25
Hull
13
ooo
Liverpool
IRISH
SEA
Dublin
Tuesday
86
Yorkk
Manchester
15
30
11
11
30
13
F
95
Carlisle
8
Galway
Monday
C
35
Newcastle
Sunday
9
6
6
ATLANTIC
OCEAN
All readings local midday yesterday
18 S
Madeira
14 F
Madrid
20 S
Majorca
19 F
M醠aga
18 S
Malta
19 C
Melbourne
Mexico City 24 B
27 C
Miami
14 S
Milan
31 S
Mombasa
0
R
Montreal
7
F
Moscow
31 B
Mumbai
14 B
Munich
23 C
Nairobi
19 S
Naples
New Orleans 19 B
10 M
New York
15 S
Nice
25 F
Nicosia
2
M
Oslo
10 B
Paris
25 F
Perth
14 B
Prague
2
S
Reykjavik
16 F
Riga
Rio de Janeiro 29 S
29 S
Riyadh
17 S
Rome
San Francisco 16 C
22 S
Santiago
24 S
S鉶 Paulo
9
M
Seoul
31 S
Seychelles
32 S
Singapore
St Petersburg 10 S
3 DU
Stockholm
28 S
Sydney
21 S
Tel Aviv
20 S
Tenerife
14 S
Tokyo
8
R
Vancouver
15 B
Venice
15 F
Vienna
19 S
Warsaw
Washington 15 S
10 B
Zurich
ney
Orkney
Calm
10
3
20 F
7
B
21 F
22 S
28 S
32 S
29 B
16 S
2
S
21 S
20 F
15 B
22 B
15 C
7
S
23 F
18 S
25 F
25 F
34 B
26 S
23 F
1 DU
6
R
17 S
34 B
32 S
7
S
20 F
16 S
10 S
12 B
17 S
24 F
2 FG
27 S
27 S
17 F
25 F
19 B
33 S
20 S
21 S
23 F
15 S
16 B
29 F
e st te
(mph)
14
The world
Alicante
Amsterdam
Athens
Auckland
Bahrain
Bangkok
Barbados
Barcelona
Beijing
Beirut
Belgrade
Berlin
Bermuda
Bordeaux
Brussels
Bucharest
Budapest
Buenos Aires
Cairo
Calcutta
Canberra
Cape Town
Chicago
Copenhagen
Corfu
Delhi
Dubai
Dublin
Faro
Florence
Frankfurt
Geneva
Gibraltar
Harare
Helsinki
Hong Kong
Honolulu
Istanbul
Jerusalem
Johannesburg
Kuala Lumpur
Lanzarote
Las Palmas
Lima
Lisbon
Los Angeles
Luxor
in s e d
34
22
and Dundee, Aberdeen: Mainly dry with
sunny spells, but rain arriving towards
evening time. Light to moderate
southeasterly winds. Maximum
12C (54F), minimum 3C (37F).
Argyll, Cen Highland, Moray Firth,
NW and NE Scotland, N Isles: Showery
outbreaks of rain are likely, with some
snow over the Highlands, but there will
also be some brighter spells. Moderate
southeasterly winds, stronger in the
Northern Isles. Maximum 9C (48F),
minimum 1C (34F).
Noon today
Tidal predictions.
Heights in metres
0
12
Wednesday
The continued risk of rain across
southern England. Remaining areas
will be brighter n
i
ith some
sunshine.
Max 16C,
7
10
16
The Times weather
page is provided
by Weatherquest
Puglia, Lecce and Vieste
I N C LU D E S G U I D E D TO U R S O F L E C C E A N D M AT E R A
Today
Aberdeen
Avonmouth
Belfast
Cardiff
Devonport
Dover
Dublin
Falmouth
Greenock
Harwich
Holyhead
Hull
Leith
Liverpool
London Bridge
Lowestoft
Milford Haven
Morecambe
Newhaven
Newquay
Oban
Penzance
Portsmouth
Shoreham
Southampton
Swansea
Tees
Weymouth
05:48
11:26
03:44
11:14
09:58
03:24
03:56
09:32
04:54
04:03
02:37
10:37
07:12
03:30
06:15
01:54
10:38
03:31
03:19
09:32
09:48
09:03
03:50
03:26
03:27
10:41
08:08
10:55
Ht
3.7
11.5
3.2
10.6
4.8
6.2
3.6
4.5
3.3
3.8
5.0
6.6
4.8
8.5
6.7
2.3
6.0
8.4
6.1
5.9
3.3
4.8
4.3
5.7
4.1
8.3
4.7
1.6
18:22
23:40
16:11
23:27
22:11
15:46
16:36
21:50
17:08
16:18
15:01
22:58
19:45
15:51
18:28
14:05
22:57
15:53
15:40
21:51
22:16
21:25
16:15
15:48
15:07
22:58
20:38
23:08
Ht
3.6
11.1
3.2
10.3
4.8
6.0
3.5
4.5
3.2
3.6
4.8
6.3
4.7
8.2
6.3
2.2
5.8
8.0
5.8
5.8
3.3
4.7
4.2
5.5
3.9
8.0
4.6
1.6
L
24
4
O
00
8
HIG
Synoptic situation
A complex area of low pressure
will stay centred to the west of
the UK, with associated fronts
bringing cloud and outbreaks of
rain to western parts of Britain.
High pressure will be centred
over the continent, maintaining
dry weather across much of
central Europe, with a ridge
over eastern Britain bringing
?ne conditions and a mild
southerly wind.
EI GH T D AYS FR OM
TOUR
2
�9
PER PERSON
Tour of the national park and church
of Monte St Angelo
Services of an experienced tour manager
Return flights, plus seven nights?
four-star accommodation with
breakfast and dinner
Cold front
Warm front
Occluded front
Trough
Highs and lows
Hours of darkness
24hrs to 5pm yesterday
Aberdeen
Belfast
Birmingham
Cardiff
Exeter
Glasgow
Liverpool
London
Manchester
Newcastle
Norwich
Penzance
Shef?eld
Warmest: Gravesend,
Kent, 13.3C
Coldest: Cairngorm, -8.3C
Wettest: Durham, 17.8mm
Sunniest: Lerwick,
Shetland, 11.6hrs*
Sun and moon
For Greenwich
Sun rises: 06.23
Sun sets: 19.40
Moon rises: 01.10
Moon sets: 09.55
Third quarter: April 8
M
arch was a shocking
month of freezing
weather ? colder than
January, plagued by
snow and thoroughly
gloomy skies.
Met Office figures show that
nowhere was spared the cold, but
the pattern of rainfall showed
a fascinating split across the
country. Eastern and southern
regions were drenched, some areas
hit with twice their usual rainfalls
for March. The driest places were
the northwest and northern
Scotland, which were unusually dry
and sunny; the sunniest parts of all
were the Western Isles and
northwest coast of Scotland.
This was thanks to the raw
easterly winds feeding in bitterly
cold air and snow to eastern
and southern regions. And that
freezing weather was driven by
a colossal upheaval in the
stratosphere over the Arctic.
There is a sense of d閖� vu about
all this, because this weather pattern
bears an uncanny resemblance to
March 2013. That month was also
freezing cold with heavy snowfalls
driven by easterly winds, caused
by another upheaval in the Arctic
stratosphere. Our saving grace
is that this March wasn?t as cold
as it was five years ago.
Early April that year carried on
bitterly cold and snowy before
something extraordinary happened.
On April 13 the weather suddenly
warmed up and on April 14 the
temperature soared to 22C and it
remained largely warm for the
rest of the month. Can we expect
another dramatic turnaround this
April? Forecasts show nothing as
dramatic, although it is turning
milder today and over the weekend,
although the outlook for rest of the
month is more uncertain.
Perhaps we shouldn?t wish for this
spring to follow 2013 too closely,
because that May turned largely
cold and wet. However, the summer
that year was far better. A dry
June of average temperatures was
followed by a blazing hot July and a
warm August. There is no guarantee
that history will repeat itself this
summer, but we can live in hope.
20:28-05:50
20:39-06:10
20:19-05:57
20:23-06:04
20:24-06:06
20:34-06:01
20:25-06:00
20:11-05:52
20:22-05:57
20:22-05:52
20:07-05:44
20:31-06:15
20:19-05:54
olonised by the ancient Greeks in the 8th century BC; then came the Romans,
Byzantines followed by the Saracens, Normans, Spanish and Bourbons before ? nally
becoming Italian in 1861. You will see fascinating cities, pretty villages, unusual sights
and stunning scenery ? all of it genuinely unspoilt. You?ll stay in the old town of ancient
Vieste and visit Alberobello, and the amazing cave village and UNESCO world heritage
site of Matera.
C
Selected departures up to October, 2018 .
Call 0330 160 8733 and quote KM067
thetimes.co.uk/apulia
Prices based on two people sharing a twin room. Single rooms available at a supplement. Additional entrance costs may apply. Travel insurance is not included but is strongly recommended. This holiday is operated by and subject to booking conditions of Riviera Travel, ABTA V4744 ATOL 3430 protected, a company independent of Times
Newspapers Ltd. Subject to availability. Images used in conjunction with Riviera Travel. For further information please write to Riviera Travel, New Manor, 328 Wetmore Road, Burton upon Trent, Staffs, DE14 1SP quoting The Times. KM067.
60
1G M
Friday April 6 2018 | the times
Sport
Whitlock leads seven-minute gold rush
MIKE EGERTON/PA
Commonwealth Games
Whitlock had
the highest
score on the
pommel horse
and floor
Rick Broadbent Gold Coast
Max Whitlock?s ultimate aim is to write
his name in lore by having a move
named after him in gymnastics? code of
points. That remains in the ether, but
this was still signature fare. The almost
inevitable team gold was delivered for
England with precision and panache.
It was good to see one Olympic
champion hit expected heights after
another, Alistair Brownlee, had
struggled in the triathlon. That was
supposed to have been England?s first
gold medal but, having waved the flag at
the opening ceremony, the Yorkshire
iron man waved the white flag as his
dodgy calf struck.
Instead, the wins came thick and fast
elsewhere, with three gold medals won
in seven minutes.
Sophie Thornhill and her pilot Helen
Scott started the gold glut in the blind
and visually impaired sprint cycling.
Almost immediately, Whitlock and
Nile Wilson were celebrating with
team-mates Courtney Tulloch, James
Hall and Dominick Cunningham.
Hugs then segued into the sight of
Aimee Willmott denying Hannah
Miley a Commonwealth Games hattrick of titles in the 400m individual
medley. She won by just 0.26sec, a
margin that underscored the value of
her university dissertation on the
importance of wearing warm poolside
clothing. ?I dressed up really warm and
was so hot before with the nerves and
crowd combined,? she said
England will rarely have had a hotter
seven minutes. Willmott overcame
?two broken ribs, a bashed elbow and
knee surgery? to get her medal. Over at
the gymnastics, Wilson was celebrating
after making his own journey from
wringer to rings. He has a nerve
problem in his wrist but still topped the
individual rankings in the all-around,
high bar and parallel bars. ?The pommel-horse dismount was the first time I
have done it in six months,? he said.
If Wilson was the biggest pointscollector, Whitlock arrived late to
dominate his Olympic title events, the
pommel and floor. By the end England
had a collective 258.950 points, ten
clear of Canada, with Scotland a further
eight back. As the team event also
serves as qualification for the solo
turns, it was a grim portent for everyone else.
Wilson, whose YouTube clips of him
somersaulting into his pants show an
impish streak, said: ?It?s incredible to
win with the boys I grew up with and
obviously with Max, who?s an inspiration. I absolutely smashed it. I did some
of my best gymnastics.? He dubbed the
team fare as ?one of the most complete
performances we?ve ever put together?.
For Whitlock it was an odd competition, with him skipping four pieces to
focus on the floor and pommel. ?I had
to wait in the back gym for nearly the
whole competition,? he said. ?Then I
had to come out and do two pieces,
which was quite nerve-racking.?
England?s gold haul was not confined
to that purple patch. James Wilby
produced a big scalp as he defeated
Ross Murdoch, of Scotland, in the
200m breaststroke. ?James Wilby has
been the man all season and I was dying
in the last 25 metres,? Murdoch said.
England added two para pool titles,
with Thomas Hamer setting a world
record in winning the S14 200m freestyle and then 16-year-old Eleanor
Robinson taking the S7 50m butterfly. It
all meant that England topped the
medal table by tea, something that had
looked highly unlikely at lunch.
Brownlee, the Olympic triathlon
champion, was only tenth with his
brother Jonny seventh. Alistair led after
the swim and bike ride, but the calf
problem that has troubled him for most
of the year resurfaced. He fell away
quickly. Jonny stuck around longer but
admitted that he was also troubled after
missing five weeks of training early in
the year after suffering a ?stress
response? in his femur.
So Henri Schoeman, of South Africa,
was an easy winner with Scotland?s
Marc Austin in third.
commonwealth
games lowdown
11-year-old opens with win
What?s happened overnight?
Rick Broadbent
Anna Hursey, the Welsh table tennis
prodigy, will have featured again,
against Sri Lanka. England will have
played Malaysia in the men?s hockey
and Nick Matthew, the former world
No 1 squash player, will have started
his campaign.
Anna Hursey may be too young for
teenage kicks but the 11-year-old table
tennis prodigy made her mark on the
Gold Coast when she won her first
match at the Commonwealth Games.
The Welsh player, the youngest competitor at these Games, teamed up with
Charlotte Carey to beat an Indian duo
3-2. The Cardiff High schoolgirl would
have been excused if she had crumbled
after seeing their lead whittled away,
but her exposure to the strict regime of
Chinese training camps paid off and the
Welsh pair won the final game 13-11 in
the best-of-five duel against
Madhurika Patkar and Mouma Das.
?I was really excited and a bit
nervous, but because I was doubling
up with Charlotte I felt good about
the game,? she said. ?It wasn?t that
scary once I started.?
What?s on today?
Beach volleyball If you are awake
early you can catch England?s men
begin against Mozambique (7am),
with the women following against
Trinidad & Tobago (11.30am).
Gymnastics After England men?s
team gold, it is the women?s turn
(10.23am).
Swimming James Guy won bronze
at 400m on day one and now goes
for gold in the 200m freestyle
(10.56am).
Hursey,
right, and
Carey beat
an Indian
pair in five
games
How to follow it
TV BBC 1: 00.15-6am, 9.15am-1pm.
BBC 2: 6-9.15am. 1-5.15pm
thetimes.co.uk/sport
Hursey has been one of the stars of
the preamble to the Games, with people
fascinated by her nascent talent. Her
mother, Phoebe, has taken her to her
native China for regular training
camps, and it has clearly worked.
Hursey said that she wanted to show
that she was not just ?here for fun?.
Carey, Wales?s top player and ten years
her elder, was impressed. ?Sometimes
we have to be careful what we?re talking
about,? she said of the team dynamic.
?We forget she?s 11, but it?s great the
attention she?s bringing to our sport.?
However, the age gap has provided a
few minor issues. ?She needs to go to
bed earlier than us and we have to
stop her drinking 12 Powerades
that are in fridges for free ?
and the ice cream in the
village.?
Hursey played her role
in Wales?s only win in
the match, which
India clinched 3-1,
unleashing some
big forehands.
She will also
take part in the
singles.
diary from australia
Ben Proud, the world
champion at 50m butterfly,
said he was heartbroken after
being disqualified in the heats.
The English swimmer was
adjudged to have moved on
the blocks. ?Wow,? Ian Thorpe,
the Australian legend, said
from the commentary box. ?It
wouldn?t have been
advantageous in any way.?
Proud?s appeal was dismissed.
England and Scotland played
out a couple of Calcutta Cupstyle meetings on the opening
day of the Games. Tracey
Neville, the sister of the former
Manchester United footballers
Gary and Phil, watched her
England netball team win their
pool match 74-28. Scotland
took their revenge in the men?s
basketball, claiming a
78-65 victory.
l
ta
To
ze
on
Br
er
lv
Spare a thought
for Sally
Pearson.
Billed as the
face of the
Games, the 2012
Olympic 100m
on pulled out
hurdles champion
after giving up in her fight
against a sore achilles. ?There
were tears, a lot of tears
flowing,? the Australian said.
Medal tally
ld
Old enemies level
after Neville triumph
Si
Thorpe stunned as
Proud is disqualified
Go
Injury forces tearful
Pearson to pull out
England
6
3
3
12
Australia
5
4
6
15
Malaysia
2
0
0
2
Canada
1
3
3
7
Scotland
1
2
2
5
Australia?s triple gold
justifies worlds snub
Triathlete caught out
by surprise medal
Australia dominated in the
velodrome on the opening day.
Having snubbed the Track
World Championships to focus
on these Games, they won
three golds. After Sophie
Thornhill and Helen Scott?s
gold in the blind and visually
impaired sprint, England also
won silver in the men?s team
pursuit and sprint, and bronze
in the women?s team sprint.
Marc Austin, the Scotland
triathlete who won a bronze
and beat the Brownlee
brothers, was not counting his
chickens. Not wishing to be
presumptuous, he did not pack
a tracksuit for the podium
presentation and had to
borrow one from his teammate Beth Potter, who is 18cm
shorter. ?I wasn?t bothered if I
looked a bit stupid,? he said.
the times | Friday April 6 2018
2G M
61
RM
Racing Sport
Scope of Cheltenham deaths review revealed
Mark Souster Racing Writer
The review into the deaths of six horses
at this year?s Cheltenham Festival and
the lessons to be learnt will start next
week. Recommendations on how to
make the Old and New courses safer
and prevent a repeat of such a casualty
toll will be published this summer and
implemented in time for the next
National Hunt season.
The focus will be on six key areas: the
two courses; the obstacles, fences and
hurdles; participant factors such as
numbers of horses in a race and jockey
Chelmsford
Apprentice Handicap
(3-Y-O: �429: 1m 2f) (6)
00-0 SNATTY DANCER 16 H Morrison 9-7
C Bennett
06-60 LITTLE AUB 23 M Usher 9-6
Pierre-Louis Jamin (7)
00-42 ARLECCHINO'S ARC 27 M Usher 9-4 Jason Watson (5)
-0513 MINIATURE DAFFODIL 18 (P,CD,BF) P D Evans 9-3
Rossa Ryan (3)
William Carver (7)
5 (1) 0506 AIGLETTE 21 L Dace 9-1
6 (5) 000-5 BANJO'S VOICE 23 (B) Jane Chapple-Hyam 8-12
Nicola Currie (3)
7-4 Miniature Daffodil, 9-4 Snatty Dancer, 100-30 Arlecchino's Arc, 12-1
Aiglette, 14-1 Banjo's Voice, Little Aub.
(3)
(6)
(4)
(2)
Thunderer?s choice: Snatty Dancer is sure to improve now
over this longer trip
Danger: Arlecchino?s Arc
6.40
Handicap (3-Y-O: �399: 1m 2f) (6)
A Kirby
1 (6) 0-34 DREAM POINT 42 (H,BF) J P O'Brien (Ire) 9-6
J P Spencer
2 (2) 4412- RUSTANG 155 (CD) R Hughes 9-6
Doubtful
3 (1) 44-52 VERSTAPPEN 2 (H) M Botti 9-5
A Mullen
4 (4) 0-64 FINISHER 29 K A Ryan 9-3
L Morris
5 (3) 644 CROSS SWORDS 23 J Tate 9-3
6 (5) 2436- KNIGHT IN ARMOUR 177 M Johnston 9-2 P J McDonald
11-4 Finisher, 3-1 Dream Point, Rustang, 9-2 Knight In Armour, 5-1 Cross Swords.
Thunderer: Rustang finished last year on an upward curve
and has been gelded since
Danger: Dream Point
7.10
7.45
Fontwell Park
Handicap (�429: 1m) (8)
J Fanning
(2) 100-0 ANDALUSITE 21 (V,D) J Gallagher 5-9-9
D Muscutt
(4) 51-02 CANDESTA 22 (T,CD) Miss J Feilden 8-9-8
30010
KAFOO
15
(CD)
M
Appleby
5-9-7
K
Lundie
(5)
(7)
H Crouch
(6) 0322- JUNOESQUE 119 (P) J Gallagher 4-9-7
K Fox
(1) 15-60 FREDDY WITH A Y 14 (B) J Jenkins 8-9-5
(3) 60220 SATCHVILLE FLYER 20 (P,C) P D Evans 7-9-4 S De Sousa
C Beasley
(8) 36532 MR POTTER 6 (V,C) Richard Guest 5-9-0
(5) -0062 MAGICINTHEMAKING 15 (H) Mike Murphy 4-8-11
S W Kelly
7-2 Mr Potter, 4-1 Magicinthemaking, 11-2 Candesta, 6-1 Junoesque, Kafoo,
7-1 Satchville Flyer, 8-1 Andalusite, 14-1 Freddy With A Y.
6.10 Snatty Dancer
8.15 Lord Vetinari
6.40 Rustang
8.45 Showdance Kid
7.10 Oasis Charm
9.15 Inuk
7.45 Candesta
Going: standard
At The Races
Draw: 5f, low numbers best
1
2
3
4
Data going back 20 years will be
analysed and footage from each race
where fatalities or injuries occurred
from the past three seasons will be
studied.
?It is vital that this review is carried
out in a reasoned, measured manner
and we fully consider the unintended
consequences of any recommendations,? said Brant Dunshea, the BHA?s
director of integrity and regulatory
operations, who will lead it.
The review will adopt an
evidence-based approach, with the
ultimate aim of reducing the risk to
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Thunderer
6.10
behaviour; the starts; the speed at
which races are run; and the number of
races and their schedule. The role of
vets at the course will also be analysed.
The British Horseracing Authority
(BHA) announced the review on the
last day of last month?s Festival, after
three horses died in the Grand Annual
Challenge Cup, the final race of the
meeting. That brought the total for the
past three years at the Festival to 17.
The scope of the review will look at
the circumstances surrounding all
recent fatalities and long-term injuries
at Cheltenham.
Handicap (�704: 1m 2f) (7)
A Kirby
1 (5) 00515 FIRE FIGHTING 6 (CD) M Johnston 7-9-12
W Buick
2 (2) 1602- OASIS CHARM 266 (P,D) C Appleby 4-9-7
P J McDonald
3 (1) -2521 MARATHA 27 (T) S C Williams 4-9-5
J Garritty
4 (3) 0010- MUTAMADED 188 (D) Mrs R Carr 5-9-3
W A Carson
5 (4) 1120- SWILLY SUNSET 203 (D) A Carson 5-9-1
F Norton
6 (6) 0550- RAY'S THE MONEY 32J C Mann 4-8-8
J Fahy
7 (7) -1200 ROCK ICON 18 J Hughes 5-8-7
10-11 Oasis Charm, 4-1 Maratha, 5-1 Fire Fighting, 10-1 Mutamaded,
12-1 Swilly Sunset, 16-1 Ray's The Money, 33-1 Rock Icon.
Thunderer: Oasis Charm is unexposed, in good hands and
potentially much the best of these
Danger: Maratha
Thunderer: Candesta can build on a promising second
here last month
Danger: Satchville Flyer
8.15
Novice Auction Stakes
(�175: 7f) (11)
T Eaves
1 (7) 2310- MONT KINABALU 160 (D) K A Ryan 3-9-7
K Shoemark
2 (5) 00- DESERT TRIP 161 D Menuisier 3-9-0
3 (10) -4222 IRISH MINISTER 14 (T) J P O'Brien (Ire) 3-9-0 A Kirby
O Murphy
4 (2) 65- LORD VETINARI 233 A Balding 3-9-0
James Doyle
5 (3) 36- MOSALIM 259 W Haggas 3-9-0
MOTAJAASID O Burrows 3-9-0
Doubtful
6 (11)
6 PABLOW 13 A Bailey 3-9-0
T Clark (3)
7 (4)
SOVRANO A Balding 3-9-0
D Probert
8 (6)
9 (1) 00- CAROLYN'S VOICE 106 S C Williams 3-8-9 Milly Naseb (5)
0- LOVE TO BREEZE 153 E Vaughan 3-8-9
H Bentley
10 (9)
Hayley Turner
11 (8) 60- MISS PARIS 202 Michael Bell 3-8-9
9-4 Irish Minister, 7-2 Lord Vetinari, 4-1 Mosalim, 5-1 Mont Kinabalu,
14-1 Sovrano, 16-1 Love To Breeze, Miss Paris, 20-1 others.
Thunderer: Lord Vetinari has been gelded since two fair
efforts last year
Dangers: Mosalim, Irish Minister
8.45
Handicap (�429: 7f) (10)
1 (3) 015-3 JACK NEVISON 13 (V,CD) M Appleby 5-9-13 S De Sousa
O Murphy
2 (5) 06-52 YOGIYOGIYOGI 56 D Coakley 4-9-11
3 (7) 1-053 BREATHOFFRESHAIR 6 (T,P,D) Richard Guest 4-9-10
F Norton
J Fanning
4 (9) 0-042 PRAZERES 23 (D) L Eyre 4-9-10
A Kirby
5 (8) 500-5 HARRY BEAU 18 (V) P D Evans 4-9-10
6 (6) 2120- ISNTSHESOMETHING 150 (P,CD) Richard Guest 6-9-9
C Beasley
C Lee (3)
7 (1) 64023 SHOWDANCE KID 4 (P) K Frost 4-9-9
8 (2) 33310 MALAYSIAN BOLEH 6 (E,B,CD) Phil McEntee 8-9-7
Rossa Ryan (5)
W A Carson
9 (4) 6-050 SEA TEA DEA 33 (D) A Carson 4-9-3
10(10) 400-0 HIGGY'S HEARTBEAT 16 (P) D Ivory 4-9-2 J Duern (3)
9-2 Jack Nevison, 5-1 Prazeres, 11-2 Yogiyogiyogi, 6-1 Showdance Kid,
7-1 Breathoffreshair, 8-1 Harry Beau, Malaysian Boleh, 12-1 others.
Thunderer: Showdance Kid has improved with cheekpieces
and is drawn well Dangers: Yogiyogiyogi, Isntshesomething
Course specialists
9.15
Chelmsford: Trainers W Haggas, 30 from 106
runners, 28.3%; H Morrison, 17 from 68, 25.0%;
O Burrows, 4 from 16, 25.0%. Jockeys James Doyle,
19 from 83 rides, 22.9%; H Bentley, 12 from 54, 22.2%.
Fontwell: Trainers J Frost, 3 from 8, 37.5%;
A Honeyball, 22 from 66, 33.3%; N Mulholland,
34 from 131, 26.0%. Jockeys J Bowen, 6 from 19,
31.6%; H Cobden, 14 from 47, 29.8%.
Lingfield: Trainers I Furtado, 6 from 23, 26.1%;
R Beckett, 41 from 177, 23.2%; R Cowell, 21 from
107, 19.6%. Jockeys A Atzeni, 41 from 206, 19.9%;
Rossa Ryan, 6 from 32, 18.8%.
E J Walsh (3)
1 (8) 65-43 EXPEDIATE 13 (P) R Cowell 9-7
Nicola Currie (5)
2 (3) 42332 INUK 13 (P,BF) R Hughes 9-6
J Fanning
3 (7) 0-661 GEETANJALI 13 (D) Michael Bell 9-5
A Kirby
4 (2) 06-04 SILVERTURNSTOGOLD 65 N Mulholland 9-4
5 (4) 050-0 MANDARIN PRINCESS 27 P McBride 9-4 Rossa Ryan (5)
6 (1) 060-0 COURTEOUS CROWN 43 (P) P D Evans 9-3 S De Sousa
J Garritty
7 (5) 4000- ERASTUS 219 Mrs R Carr 8-13
8 (6) 060-6 WYNFAUL THE WIZARD 77 Richard Guest 8-13 F Norton
J Duern (3)
9 (9) 0-045 OLIVE MABEL 13 D Ivory 8-12
A Mullen
10(10) 6000- SQUIRRELHEED 121 (W) Richard Guest 8-7
5-2 Geetanjali, 7-2 Inuk, 4-1 Expediate, 5-1 Olive Mabel, 10-1 others.
Handicap (3-Y-O: �493: 7f) (10)
Thunderer: Inuk is very consistent and could find extra
over this longer trip
Dangers: Geetanjali, Expediate
Thunderer
2.05 Be Daring
4.15 Norse Legend (nap)
2.35 Bears Rails
4.50 Burgess Dream
3.10 Duke Of Kilcorral 5.20 Donnytwobuckets
3.40 Clondaw Westie
Going: heavy (soft in places) At The Races
2.05
Handicap Hurdle
(�119: 2m 1f 162y) (11)
44-20 WELLUPTOSCRATCH 32 (T,D) D Arbuthnot 7-12-4
J Bowen (3)
H Reed (5)
2 52U24 BE DARING 20 (H,BF) C Gordon 7-11-12
33 HIGH WELLS 177 (B) S Durack 4-11-12
C O'Farrell
3
4 -P005 HOLLYWOOD KEN 61P (T) Mrs F Shaw 5-11-11 Mr M Legg (5)
J E Moore
5 55-P5 GOLDSLINGER 25 G L Moore 6-11-10
Kevin Jones (5)
6 3-0F6 WESTERBEE 25 (H) J S Mullins 7-11-8
7 44063 THUNDERING HOME 57 (T,B,D) N R Mitchell 11-11-5
T Bellamy
8 42545 KASTANI BEACH 28 (V) J S Mullins 12-11-5 D Sansom (5)
9 0/P40 BEE AN ARISTOCRAT 255 J Frost 9-11-4 Bryony Frost (3)
A Wedge
10 00604 NEWQUAY CARDS 26 E Williams 6-11-3
B Poste
11 60532 DRAGON KHAN 47 (T) Mrs R Gasson 9-11-2
11-4 Be Daring, 9-2 Dragon Khan, 6-1 High Wells, 8-1 Goldslinger, Thundering
Home, 9-1 Bee An Aristocrat, 10-1 Kastani Beach, 11-1 others.
1
2.35
Handicap Chase
(�614: 3m 1f 210y) (5)
J E Moore
1 -341U LEO LUNA 49 (T,V,CD) G L Moore 9-12-7
H Cobden
2 143P1 WIZARDS BRIDGE 16 (B,CD) C Tizzard 9-12-6
A Coleman
3 3P124 CRANK EM UP 29 (B,D) D Dennis 7-11-12
T Scudamore
4 22056 BEARS RAILS 15 (B,CD) C Tizzard 8-11-11
P Brennan
5 3P2P1 MORNEY WING 21 (T,B) C Mann 9-11-8
13-8 Wizards Bridge, 11-4 Leo Luna, 4-1 Crank Em Up, 6-1 others.
3.10
Novices' Hurdle
(�094: 2m 3f 49y) (8)
J E Moore
1 U4231 LARRY 25 (T,C) G L Moore 5-11-8
0U0 CAPPAWAY 30 E Williams 5-11-1
A Wedge
2
N Fehily
3 002U2 DUKE OF KILCORRAL 20 N Mulholland 5-11-1
Mr M Legg (5)
4 -0066 HALLY'S KITCHEN 42 Mrs F Shaw 6-10-8
-P212
ILLTELLMEMA
20
Miss
S
Smith
6-10-8
J
Sherwood
(3)
5
P4 JUDGE JUDY 25 Mrs L Hill 5-10-8
T Cannon
6
44 LIGHTLY SQUEEZE 14F (H,P) P Hide 4-10-8
R McLernon
7
0U SUNSET SKYE 8 Lydia Richards 5-10-8
A Glassonbury
8
11-8 Larry, 6-4 Duke Of Kilcorral, 7-2 Illtellmema, 12-1 others.
3.40
Handicap Chase
(�614: 2m 1f 165y) (3)
1 01U11 CLONDAW WESTIE 11 (T,P,CD) Mrs L Hill 7-12-1 A Coleman
2 30-21 ATLANTIC ROLLER 75 (T,P,CD) C Gordon 11-11-12 T Cannon
N Fehily
3 U0122 LE COEUR NET 25 (T,D) A Honeyball 6-11-5
6-5 Clondaw Westie, 15-8 Atlantic Roller, 11-4 Le Coeur Net.
4.15
Handicap Hurdle
(�094: 2m 5f 164y) (11)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
4P6/5 KINGS LAD 76 (T,C) C Tizzard 11-11-12
J Bowen (3)
1-12P PRESENT TIMES 54 E Williams 7-11-10
A Wedge
311P5 CAMRON DE CHAILLAC 16 (V,D) N Hawke 6-11-8
S Houlihan (5)
46-12 DEEBAJ 72F (D) G L Moore 6-11-8
Josh Moore
05P03 HIT THE HIGHWAY 14 (T) C Gordon 9-11-8
T Cannon
360/3 ROBINSSON 40 (P) O Sherwood 8-11-5
T Garner (3)
1/366 MIGHTY VIC 20 (T) Miss S Smith 10-11-3 J Sherwood (3)
horses. Experts from within the BHA
will contribute, as well as those from
other organisations, such as the
RSPCA and World Horse Welfare.
Dunshea cited the improvements at
Aintree as an example of what can be
achieved. There has not been a death in
the Grand National since the fences
were made safer in 2013.
?The comprehensive review of the
Grand National, which was published
in 2011, and the ongoing improvements
to racecourses . . . have contributed to
the sport?s fatality rate falling by a third
in the last 30 years,? Dunshea said.
H Cobden
8 /0P34 NORSE LEGEND 16 (P) C Tizzard 7-11-2
9 55110 OCCASIONALLY YOURS 43 (C) A Blackmore 14-11-1
Miss T Worsley (7)
T Scudamore
10 0-003 GREAT TEMPO 16 (P) D Pipe 5-10-12
M Batchelor
11 /24-6 NORMAN THE RED 40 John E Long 8-10-12
7-2 Norman The Red, 11-2 Norse Legend, 6-1 Great Tempo, 13-2 others.
4.50
Handicap Chase
(�314: 2m 3f 104y) (6)
02240 FLASHMAN 123 (B) G L Moore 9-12-1
Josh Moore
2232- RED PENNY 548 J Frost 11-11-12
Bryony Frost (3)
U-22P VERY LIVE 66 (T,V) P Webber 9-11-8
R McLernon
63/5- TRY CATCH ME 376P (C) Miss Z Davison 13-11-4
Miss T Worsley (7)
5 03330 BURGESS DREAM 14 Miss A Newton-Smith 9-10-3 P Brennan
J J Burke
6 PP236 WISH IN A WELL 57 (B) B Case 9-10-0
3-1 Flashman, Red Penny, 4-1 Burgess Dream, 5-1 Try Catch Me, 7-1 others.
1
2
3
4
5.20
NH Flat Race (�274: 1m 5f 159y) (6)
6 CORSECOMBE 42 (P) M Gillard 6-11-4
Mr T Gillard (7)
1
2-3 DANDOLO DU GITE 64 (T,,,W) N Mulholland 5-11-4 N Fehily
2
22 GWALIA 90 E Williams 5-11-4
A Wedge
3
0 HELIOBLU BARELIERE 11 I Furtado 5-11-4 C Hammond (7)
4
0 DONNYTWOBUCKETS 13 G L Moore 4-10-12
J E Moore
5
GO FORRIT (H) D Arbuthnot 4-10-12
T Cannon
6
6-5 Dandolo Du Gite, 9-4 Gwalia, 7-2 Donnytwobuckets, 14-1 others.
Lingfield Park
Thunderer
2.20 Helfire (nb)
2.50 Jaalboot
3.25 Fanoulpifer
3.55 Zac Brown
Going: standard
Draw: no advantage
2.20
4.30 Six Strings
5.05 Zamjar
5.35 Juneau
At The Races
Handicap (�752: 1m 1y) (8)
4-600 DR JULIUS NO 25 M McGrath 4-9-9
S W Kelly
32-65 HELFIRE 32 (CD) H Morrison 5-9-7
C Bennett (3)
0-064 BOLD PREDICTION 22 (CD) E Walker 8-9-5
L Morris
0016- MISTER MUSICMASTER 212 (CD) R Hodges 9-9-3
D Probert
5 (4) 00-23 BRIDGE OF SIGHS 72 (C,D) L Carter 6-9-1
Josephine Gordon
6 (6) 220-4 RONNIE THE ROOSTER 41 (D) L Eyre 4-8-13 J Fanning
C Bishop
7 (1) 6-302 ACCOMPLICE 21 (D) M Blanshard 4-8-12
8 (8) -2115 PRESENCE PROCESS 30 (CD) P Phelan 4-8-7 K O'Neill
7-2 Bold Prediction, 5-1 Helfire, Ronnie The Rooster, 11-2 Accomplice, 6-1 others.
1
2
3
4
(7)
(2)
(5)
(3)
2.50
Handicap (3-Y-O: �752: 6f 1y) (8)
G Lee
1 (8) 4-431 WAZIN 15 (B,D) S Crisford 9-10
2 (7) 4256- ROYAL HOUSEHOLD 160 (D,BF) R Hannon 9-7
Hollie Doyle
R Kingscote
3 (5) 634-4 ENZO'S LAD 21 (V) K Burke 9-6
R Winston
4 (4) 22-45 QUEEN OF KALAHARI 13 (D) L Eyre 9-6
J Fanning
5 (6) 04-4 JAALBOOT 15 M Johnston 9-1
H Crouch
6 (3) 2055- RIVAS ROB ROY 238 J Gallagher 9-1
T Marquand
7 (2) 04-0 NAVAL OFFICER 94 I Furtado 8-13
8 (1) 05-12 SPRING ROMANCE 23 (D,BF) D Ivory 8-10 J Duern (3)
5-2 Spring Romance, 4-1 Naval Officer, 9-2 Jaalboot, 5-1 Wazin, 7-1 others.
Blinkered first time: Chelmsford 6.10 Banjo?s Voice.
8.45 Harry Beau. Lingfield 2.50 Enzo?s Lad.
inside today
Former world darts
champion
Eric Bristow
dies of a
heart
attack
at 60
News,
page 9
3.25
Claiming Stakes (�105: 1m 5f) (8)
D Probert
1 (8) 132-0 BAZOOKA 49J D Flood 7-9-10
Rossa Ryan (5)
2 (2) 00/10 CAYUGA 16 (C) B Johnson 9-9-10
L Morris
3 (3) /200- YES DADDY 156J (T,V,C) R Stephens 10-9-5
C Bennett (3)
4 (4) 5012- CEYHAN 99 (BF) F J Brennan 6-9-4
K Fox
5 (6) 20P34 FANOULPIFER 13 (H,T) M Attwater 7-9-4
S W Kelly
6 (5) 00-50 CLEARANCE 49 (P) M Tompkins 4-9-3
David Egan (3)
7 (7) 4564/ DUDE ALERT 25J (V) M Hoad 8-8-13
G Downing
8 (1) 00-00 SANDACRES 3 (T) Mrs L Mongan 5-8-13
5-2 Cayuga, 3-1 Ceyhan, 4-1 Bazooka, 9-2 Yes Daddy, Fanoulpifer, 25-1 others.
3.55
Handicap (�531: 5f 6y) (7)
0-004 ZAC BROWN 22 (T,C,D) C Wallis 7-9-7
W A Carson
62-44 ARZAAK 29 (B,D) C Dwyer 4-9-5
S De Sousa
0-413 JUST THAT LORD 22 (D) M Attwater 5-9-3
L Morris
51-63 SEPTEMBER ISSUE 56 (P,D) Miss G Kelleway 5-9-1
A Jones (3)
5 (7) -0134 PEARL ACCLAIM 59 (P,D) D Griffiths 8-8-10 T Marquand
B McHugh
6 (2) 200-2 SUWAAN 9 (D) Mrs R Carr 4-8-8
D Allan
7 (5) 14551 ARCHIMEDES 10 (T,P,D) D Griffiths 5-8-8
5-2 Zac Brown, 3-1 Suwaan, 7-2 Just That Lord, 4-1 Arzaak, 10-1 others.
1
2
3
4
(3)
(6)
(1)
(4)
4.30
Handicap (�531: 7f 1y) (12)
J Fanning
1 (11) 10534 POET'S SOCIETY 13 (D) M Johnston 4-9-9
J Egan
2 (10) -0134 SEA FOX 34 (D) P D Evans 4-9-9
R Hornby
3 (3) 4010- BERKSHIRE BOY 182 (B,D) A Balding 4-9-9
C Bishop
4 (2) 3030- SIX STRINGS 205 E Houghton 4-9-8
P Cosgrave
5 (7) 1362- BLACK BESS 179 (D) J Boyle 5-9-7
S De Sousa
6 (6) 20-50 BINT DANDY 7 (B,CD) C Dwyer 7-9-5
Doubtful
7 (12) 53120 ARNARSON 16 (P,D) E Dunlop 4-9-5
S Levey
8 (5) 1252- PEPITA 146 (D) R Hannon 4-9-4
Jane Elliott (5)
9 (4) 104-0 INTENSE STYLE 76 (V) L Eyre 6-9-1
J Garritty
10 (9) 216-0 ZEBULON 17 Mrs R Carr 4-9-0
11 (8) 52505 MEDICI BANCHIERE 16 (V) K Burke 4-8-13 R Kingscote
12 (1) 46043 SIEGE OF BOSTON 10 (T,D) D Griffiths 5-8-12 Doubtful
4-1 Six Strings, 11-2 Berkshire Boy, Sea Fox, 7-1 Poet's Society, 8-1 Black
Bess, Pepita, 10-1 Bint Dandy, 12-1 Medici Banchiere, 16-1 others.
5.05
Handicap (�752: 6f 1y) (9)
S W Kelly
1 (5) 2211- JASHMA 191 R Hughes 4-9-7
S De Sousa
2 (6) 654-2 ZAMJAR 8 (D) R Cowell 4-9-7
J Crowley
3 (8) 1006- DANECASE 99 (T,CD) D Dennis 5-9-6
David Egan (3)
4 (3) 15653 DUTIFUL SON 3 (CD) E Owen 8-9-6
5 (2) 0-001 RED TYCOON 14 (CD) K Cunningham-Brown 6-9-2 H Crouch
D Allan
6 (1) 006-0 AGUEROOO 52 (P,CD) D Griffiths 5-9-2
7 (4) 1-506 GOLD CLUB 18 (CD) L Carter 7-8-11 Josephine Gordon
8 (9) 413-1 EVENING STARLIGHT 14 (CD) R Hodges 5-8-9 D Probert
K O'Neill
9 (7) -6325 PORTO FERRO 14 (CD) J Bridger 4-8-7
7-2 Evening Starlight, 4-1 Zamjar, 11-2 Red Tycoon, 13-2 Jashma, 7-1 others.
5.35
Fillies' Novice Stakes
(�752: 1m 2f) (7)
4- ALBIZZIA 364 R Beckett 4-10-0
R Kingscote
1 (5)
R Hornby
2 (4) 60-P DAWN OF RECKONING 8 J Portman 3-8-9
0 JUNEAU 30 M Johnston 3-8-9
J Fanning
3 (3)
4 (7) 0-202 POLAR LIGHT 16 (P) D Elsworth 3-8-9 David Egan (3)
S W Kelly
5 (1) 000- POLLYISSIMO 199 R Hughes 3-8-9
J Crowley
6 (2) 00- QASWARAH 141 E Dunlop 3-8-9
SARVI M Botti 3-8-9
A Atzeni
7 (6)
5-2 Albizzia, 3-1 Polar Light, 7-2 Qaswarah, 11-2 Sarvi, 7-1 Juneau, 10-1 others.
6 Today?s card at Wetherby has been
abandoned due to waterlogging
Yesterday?s racing results
Wolverhampton
3.15 (6f 20yd) 1, Calder Prince (Patrick Pilley,
2-1 fav); 2, Dougan (7-2); 3, Hee Haw (10-1).
7 ran. 6l, 2l. Tom Dascombe.
Going: standard
2.10 (5f 21yd) 1, La Fortuna (Charles Bishop,
9-2); 2, Stopdworldnletmeof (14-1); 3, Culloden
(9-2). 10 ran. NR: Gorgeous. Kl, Kl. C Wallis.
2.40 (5f 21yd) 1, Midsummer Knight (Ben
Curtis, 13-8 fav); 2, Arden Pulse (6-1); 3, Flying
Sparkle (7-4). 6 ran. NR: Dandy?s Beano. 1l, hd.
K Burke.
3.45 (1m 1f 104yd) 1, Mouille Point (Tom
Marquand, 11-1); 2, Sunshineandbubbles (5-2
jt-fav); 3, Voi (11-4). 6 ran. NR: Golden Nectar,
Stosur. Sh hd, 1N. R Hannon.
4.20 (1m 1f 104yd) 1, Cooperess (Hollie
Doyle, 12-1); 2, Buonarotti Boy (5-1); 3,
Berlusca (11-10 fav). 4 ran. NR: Freud. Ol, 1Nl.
D Burchell.
4.50 (1m 4f 51yd) 1, Volevo Lui (M M
Monaghan, 5-1); 2, We Know (9-1); 3, Baghdad
(6-4 fav). 6 ran. 1Nl, nk. M Botti.
5.20 (7f 36yd) 1, Gainsay (Rob Hornby, 33-1);
2, Christmas Night (8-1); 3, Foxy Lady (5-2 fav).
11 ran. Hd, 1l. J Portman.
Placepot: �,874.10.
Quadpot: �582.30.
Chelmsford
Going: standard
6.45 (1m 2f) 1, Shanghai Silver (Callum
Shepherd, 20-1); 2, Full Suit (9-1); 3, Keir Hardie
(4-1). 5 ran. 4Kl, 1Ol. C Hills.
5.45 (1m) 1, Dancing Brave Bear (S Donohoe,
4-7 fav); 2, Astolat (14-1); 3, Trump Alexander
(7-2). 9 ran. 1l, 1Nl. E Vaughan.
7.15 (1m 2f) 1, Extra Mile (Oisin Murphy, 10-3);
2, Everything For You (8-1); 3, Tom?s Rock (3-1
fav). 8 ran. 2Nl, 1l. S bin Suroor.
6.15 (1m 2f) 1, Steel Helmet (Josephine
Gordon, 10-1); 2, Sharp Operator (9-2); 3,
Tilsworth Lukey (9-2). 8 ran. NR: Shamonix.
Hd, 1Kl. Harriet Bethell.
7.45 (1m) 1, Poet?s Prince (F Norton, 11-10 fav);
2, Battle Lines (4-1); 3, Blackheath (11-4). 4 ran.
4Kl, 1Kl. M Johnston.
8.15 (6f) 1, Summerghand (D Tudhope, 7-2 Co
Results
RB Leipzig
Europa League
Quarter-finals, first leg
Vanarama National League North: Telford 3
Spennymoor 2; Curzon Ashton 2 Alfreton 2.
Women?s World Cup qualifying: Group two:
Switzerland 1 Scotland 0.
(4) 4
CSKA Moscow (1) 1
Golovin 15
Lulic 8
Parolo 49
Anderson 74
Immobile 76
Marseilles
(0) 0
Commonwealth Games
(2) 2
Sporting
(0) 0
(1) 4
Salzburg
(1) 2
Koke 1
Griezmann 40
Lazio
(1) 1
Werner 45
Ramsey 9, 28
Lacazette 23
(pen), 35
At Madrid
6 Yesterday?s meetings at
Musselburgh and Warwick were
abandoned due to waterlogging
Fixtures
Football
Arsenal
fav); 2, Merhoob (5-1); 3, Upavon (8-1). 9 ran.
NR: Nautical Haven. Hd, 1Nl. D O?Meara.
8.45 (1m 6f) 1, Song Of Love (Charlie Bennett,
16-1); 2, Marshall Aid (7-2); 3, Kerre (12-1).
7 ran. ns, sh hd. S Harris.
Placepot: �7.20.
Quadpot: �6.30.
Berisha 30 (pen)
Minamino 71
Gold Coast, Australia (selected)
Gymnastics
Men: Team: 1, England 258.950pts; 2, Canada
248.650; 3, Scotland 240.975.
Swimming
Men: 200m Breaststroke: 1, J Wilby (Eng) 2min
08.05sec; 2, R Murdoch (Scot) 2:08.32; 3, M
Wilson (Aus) 2:08.64. 400m Freestyle: 1, M
Horton (Aus) 3:43.76; 2, J Mcloughlin (Aus)
3:45.21; 3, J Guy (Eng) 3:45.32. S14 200m
Freestyle: 1, T Hamer (Eng) 1min 55.88sec
(WR); 2, L Schluter (Aus) 1:56.23; 3, D Fox (Aus)
1:58.26.
Women: 400m Individual Medley: 1, A Willmott
(Eng) 4min 34.90sec; 2, H Miley (Scot) 4:35.16;
3, B Evans (Aus) 4:38.23. S7 50m Butterfly: 1, E
Robinson (Eng) 35.72sec; 2, S Mehain (Can)
37.69; 3, T Routliffe (Can) 37.85. 4x100m
Freestyle: 1, Australia 3min 30.05sec (WR); 2,
Canada 3:33.92; 3, England 3:38.40.
Track cycling
Men: B&VI 1,000m Time Trial: 1, N Fachie (Scot)
1min 00.065sec; 2, J Ball (Wales) 1:00.900; 3, B
Henderson (Aus) 1:01.512. 4,000m Team
Pursuit: Gold Medal Race: 1, Australia 3min
49.804sec (WR); 2, England 3:55.310. Bronze
Medal Race: 3, Canada 4:00.440; 4, Wales
4:01.362. Team Sprint: Gold Medal Race: 1, New
Zealand 42.877sec; 2, England 43.547. Bronze
Medal Race: 3, Australia 43.645; 4, Canada
44.943.
Women: B&VI Sprint: 1, S Thornhill (Eng); 2, J
Gallagher (Aus). Team Sprint: Gold Medal Race:
1, Australia 32.488sec; 2, New Zealand 33.115.
Bronze Medal Race: 3, England 33.893; 4, Wales
34.415.
Cycling
UCI World Tour: Vuelta Ciclista al Pais Vasco,
Spain: Stage four (Lodosa, 19.4km): 1, P Roglic
(Slovenia, LottoNL-Jumbo) 22min 26sec; 2, P
Bevin (NZ, BMC Racing) at 9sec behind; 3, V
Kiryienka (Bela, Team Sky) at 11sec. Leading
general classification: 1, Roglic 13hr 41min
26sec; 2, J Alaphilippe (Fr, Quick-Step Floors) at
34sec behind; 3, B Mollema (Neth, TrekSegafredo) at 1min 33sec.
Snooker
China Open, Beijing (GB unless stated)
Third round: M Selby bt Lyu Haotian (China) 6-1;
J Lisowski bt G Wilson 6-2; N Robertson (Aus)
bt Zhou Yuelong (China) 6-1; T Ford bt Luo
Honghao (China) 6-2; S Bingham bt G Dott 6-2;
M Williams bt M Allen (N Ire) 6-5; K Wilson bt
Ding Junhui (China) 6-5; B Hawkins bt Cao
Yupeng (China) 6-5.
Tennis
WTA Tour: Volvo Open
Charleston, United States: Second round: Kr
Pliskova (Cz) bt P Kvitova (Cz) 1-6, 6-1, 6-3;
S Errani (It) bt M Buzarnescu (Rom) 3-6, 7-6
(7-5), 6-2; F Stollar (Hun) bt J Konta (GB) 6-3,
6-4; M Keys (US) bt L Arruabarrena (Sp) 6-1,
3-6, 6-3. Third round: J Georges (Ger) bt N
Osaka (Japan) 7-6 (7-4), 6-3; A Sevastova (Lat)
bt A Barty (Aus) 6-3, 6-4; B Pera (US) bt Errani
6-3, 2-6, 6-4; D Kasatkina (Russ) bt I-C Begu
(Rom) 6-2, 6-1; Keys bt C Giorgi (It) 6-4, 6-3.
Kick-off 7.45 unless stated
Football
Sky Bet Championship: Cardiff v Wolves.
Women?s World Cup qualifying: Group one,
Southampton: England v Wales (8.0). Group
three, Dublin: Ireland v Slovakia (6.0).
Rugby league
Betfred Super League: St Helens v Hull.
Rugby union
Aviva Premiership: Sale v Wasps.
Guinness Pro14 (7.35): Edinburgh v Ulster;
Ospreys v Connacht.
Greene King IPA Championship: Nottingham v
Bristol.
62
2G M
Friday April 6 2018 | the times
Sport Rugby union
Flawed genius with a fine right foot
who just wanted to play with style
was to find global fame in 2007, the
year in which he was shortlisted for
world player of the year. The award
went to Brian Habana in the wake of
his wonderful run of tryscoring for
South Africa in that year?s World Cup.
Hern醤dez helped Habana on his
way. In the semi-final between
Argentina and South Africa he took it
upon himself to attack the Springboks
from deep. That played into the hands
of South Africa?s defence and the
immaculate goalkicking of Percy
Montgomery.
The eventual champions had one
Achilles? heel, Montgomery was poor
under a high ball. In Hern醤dez
Argentina had one of the finest
strikers of a ball. They had used these
tactics to good effect in
knocking out Ireland
Stuart Barnes
T
he back, abs and hips
are perfectly aligned
to balance the body.
The weight comes
through to the left foot; the
right leg, ?thrown? in the direction of
the kick, perfectly straight. Parallel to
the right leg are the arms; parallel to
the leg and one another, swinging
backwards from left to right. A
picture of perfect human poise. The
balance is nothing short of balletic. It
could be none other than Juan
Mart韓 Hern醤dez.
?El Mago?, the magician to you and
me, has hung up those vaunted Nike
boots. How do you begin to describe
his career? Not with the words that
broke the news on Wednesday:
?Utility back Juan Mart韓 Hern醤dez
has announced his retirement . . . with
immediate effect.? Utility backs are
bit-part players, men who steal a
scene or two. Hern醤dez was so
much more.
He was romance, all wrapped up in
rugby union. The achievements of the
fabulous Argentina player include 74
caps for his country, two World Cup
semi-final appearances and a
spectacular stint with Stade Fran鏰is
as the world?s best full back. A
thundering tackle on Leicester?s
Alesana Tuilagi in 2007 is an
enduring memory of a magnificent
full back who was also commanding
beneath the high ball and so sinuous
and stylish gliding into the line.
And yet it was in his favoured
position of fly half that Hern醤dez
Hern醤dez?s
ball-striking was
as balletic as it
was effective
and Scotland in earlier
stages but, with the eyes of
the world upon them, their fly
half decided that it was time to
reveal his many other magical
gifts. Argentina were smashed by
South Africa in parts of the field
in which the Pumas should not
have been playing. At the time I
was horrified by their naivety.
Dan Carter would never have
made such a tactical mess. The
same applies to Johnny Wilkinson,
who always knew what was
needed, where and when.
Argentina?s moment came and
went. They tore France to pieces
in the third and fourth place playoff. We forgave the stupidity of that
semi-final.
The game plan seemed so obvious.
Rain the high balls on Montgomery
and ?keep the scoreboard ticking?.
Penalties or drop-goals, one came as
easily as the other. Hern醤dez had
dropped three against Ireland to
eliminate them in the pool stage.
Instead he ran into the Springbok
defensive wall. Those of us with a
penchant for a little romance ?
everyone except South Africans and
Eddie Jones, an influential figure in
the South Africa camp ? cursed their
semi-final performance.
But Hern醤dez was unique. He
couldn?t be caged by anything as
elementary as a game plan. The
world?s best full back wanted the
limelight of fly half. Slowly we forgot
about his earlier days at the back and
talked of him as nothing but a No 10.
A No 10 capable of the most
outrageous sleights of hand.
Outrageous not just for the way he
would
look
right
and
unleash a
tten-metre
reverse pass
to the left ?
and nearly
always find his
man. No,
outrageous because he was playing
his tricks in parts of the pitch where
there was no safety net.
Here he was, in his early 30s and
playing inside centre at Wembley in
the 2015 World Cup and for 40
minutes a packed house gasped at
his audacity and ability to execute
these skills.
New Zealand were tormented by
the guile of this flawed genius. Of
course, they eventually got to grips
with Argentina but now I see that
wasn?t the point. Here was a man
intent on expression, on playing the
game with style.
Outside the three World Cups in
which Hern醤dez played (his first was
2003, he was injured in 2011) his win
record was 44 per cent. That rose to
71 per cent at World Cups.
Flawed he may have been but his
perfect passing left Ireland under Joe
Schmidt looking ill prepared in 2015.
That was how good he was.
The grace with which Hern醤dez
has ghosted through his career marks
him as an unforgettable player of the
21st century. While most of us see no
farther than the winning post,
Hern醤dez saw the poetry of the
game. He possessed the artistry to
pull it off.
El Mago, I salute you.
Solomona given four-week Folau summoned to explain
suspension for ?faggot? slur anti-gay post on Instagram
Martyn Ziegler Chief Sports Reporter
Denny Solomona, the Sale Sharks
wing, has been banned for four weeks
for verbally abusing Jamie Shillcock,
the Worcester Warriors fly half, during
their teams? Aviva Premiership meeting
on March 24.
The Times revealed that Shillcock
had alleged Solomona twice used the
term ?faggot? when the pair scuffled in
the 56th minute of the match at the AJ
Bell Stadium.
Solomona contested the charge but
was found guilty by a three-person
RFU disciplinary panel, who released
their verdict just before midnight last
night. The panel ?found that the player
used language that was verbally
abusive on more than one occasion in
quick succession.
?The comments were offensive and
have no place on the rugby field, However, the panel accepted that they were
said in the heat of the moment rather
than premeditated.? Although the
offence carries a six-week suspension
as a low-end entry point and Solomona
contested the charge, ?all other mitigating features were present? and the ban
was cut by two weeks. He will be eligible
to play again on May 8.
6 World Rugby has announced an
emergency inquiry headed by a QC
into the controversial Spain v Belgium
match that was officiated by a
Romanian referee and that led to
Romania qualifying for the Rugby
World Cup.
The governing body had determined
that the match should be replayed
because of the ?non-neutral? referee,
after Spain?s surprise 18-10 defeat meant
that Romania qualified in their place.
Now, new allegations that teams ?
believed to include Romania and
Belgium ? fielded ineligible players in
qualifiers could mean that they are
kicked out of the competition or have
points deducted.
John Westerby
Israel Folau has been summoned to a
meeting with senior Rugby Australia
officials to explain homophobic
comments that he made on social
media this week.
Raelene Castle, the chief executive of
RA, said that the authorities were
?treating the matter seriously? as she
announced that she would meet Folau
along with Andrew Hore, the chief
executive of New South Wales
Waratahs, the player?s Super Rugby
franchise.
Folau, who has previously expressed
his opposition to same-sex marriage
because of his religious beliefs, drew
widespread condemnation for a
comment he made on Instagram that
said gay people would be condemned to
Hell ?unless they repent of their sins
and turn to God?.
He subsequently deleted the
message. Castle said yesterday: ?Israel?s
comment reflects his personal religious
beliefs; however it does not represent
the view of Rugby Australia or NSW
Rugby.
?We are aligned in our view that
rugby is a game for all, regardless of
sexuality, race, religion or gender.
?We understand that Israel?s
comment has upset a number of people
and we will discuss the matter with him
as soon as possible.?
Qantas, Australia?s primary sponsor,
released a statement that read: ?We
have made it clear to Rugby Australia
that we find the comments very
disappointing.?
meet james haskell
Join us on Wednesday, April 18 for an
exclusive Times+ evening with England
rugby player James Haskell talking
about how to stay motivated with his
new training and nutrition plan. To book
tickets, go to mytimesplus.co.uk
Hamilton will decide his next move in
contract talks after today?s meeting
Tell me future
plans before I
sign new deal,
says Hamilton
Formula One
Rebecca Clancy
Motor Racing Reporter, Bahrain
Lewis Hamilton has delayed signing a
new contract with Mercedes as he
awaits the outcome of a crucial meeting
in Bahrain today that could shape the
future of Formula One.
The world champion is out of
contract at the end of this season and
has yet to agree a new deal with
Mercedes. But the 33-year-old insisted
that he was in no rush to sign and would
wait until he had heard what the new
owner had planned for the sport before
deciding how long he wanted to stay
with the team and in F1.
Liberty Media will provide the heads
of all ten teams with more details of its
plans for 2021 and beyond during the
meeting before Sunday?s Bahrain
Grand Prix.
?There could be an announcement,
or there are discussions over what is
happening in F1 moving forwards, so it
is good to wait to hear that,? Hamilton
said. ?The decision on how long you
want to commit to F1 is becoming more
and more important, particularly as I
am at the latter end of my career. You
want to have all the information.?
An hour and a half has been penned
in for the meeting, which starts early
this morning.
At the centre of the discussions will
be the engine regulations. The new
owner wants to make the sport more
competitve, particularly for smaller
teams, and part of that involves reducing costs.
That starts with simplifying the engines. Ferrari, Mercedes, Renault and
Honda have invested millions in the
present engine and are not keen on
fresh regulations for a new one. But the
sport needs more engine suppliers and
companies such as Aston Martin and
Porsche are waiting on the sidelines.
Customer teams such as McLaren and
Red Bull want to start conversations
with a potential new engine provider as
soon as possible.
Ferrari have threatened to abandon
the sport, and there is talk that the
team?s veto could be taken away ?
something that would surely nudge
them towards the door. But
increasingly, sentiment in the paddock
seems to be that the sport can survive
without the Scuderia.
So Hamilton is happy to wait for
more information. He claims the
drivers have little say in the future of the
sport but the new owner has made it
clear that it wants the drivers to be stars,
and there is no one bigger than the
four-times world champion.
?It comes at a good time as I haven?t
put pen to paper,? Hamilton said. ?It is
important we take our time because
you should never rush anything,?
the times | Friday April 6 2018
63
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Cricket Sport
ALAMY
continued from back
Lord?s to install plastic pitch
number of matches being played on
their squares, which inevitably means
lower-quality pitches, particularly in
the middle of the square, where
televised matches are played.
The new technology mirrors that
used at Premier League football
grounds and at Wembley Stadium. It
produces pitches of consistently higher
quality even after significant use.
More than 90 per cent of the pitch
will still be grass but loops of plastic
yarn are inserted into the ground using
a laser-guided stitching machine that
helps to bind the roots of the grass together. To the naked eye, the pitch
looks just like a regular cricket strip
because the ends of the plastic yarn
which come up through the surface
blend in with the natural grass.
The addition of plastic means the
pitches do not deteriorate as quickly, so
several Twenty20 or 50-over matches
can be played on one pitch without it
becoming worn and slow. The pitches
are also relatively cheap, at about
�000, and although their use for
cricket is in its infancy, they are expected to last around ten years before
having to be replaced. The technology
could also be used for the bowlers? runups at either end of the pitch, which
would help to reduce the wear and tear
to those parts of the outfield.
Partially plastic pitches will not be
used for Test or first-class matches,
however, because they do not deteriorate appropriately and are not sanctioned by the International Cricket
Council. The ECB is almost certain to
give the go-ahead for them to be used
for limited-overs county cricket, particularly given the need for pitches of con-
The hybrid
pitch is to be
installed on the
Grand Stand
side at Lord?s
Where pitch will be
90%
Minimum proportion of
grass in the new
partially plastic pitch
sistently good quality in the new T20
tournament. The number of matches to
be played on the ?television pitches? in
the middle of the square is set to increase from 2020, when the ECB?s citybased tournament begins. That is on
top of some NatWest T20 Blast matches and all England internationals.
One option is to develop drop-in
pitches, but these cost at least ten times
more than hybrid pitches. There is also
scepticism about whether they produce
good cricket.
Lord?s is not the first ground to install
a hybrid pitch. Edgbaston put one on
the edge of the square 18 months ago,
although it cannot be used for firstteam matches because it is too close to
the boundary. It has, however, been
used for practice and early signs are
that hybrid surfaces offer more pace
and bounce than traditional English
pitches. During last year?s day-night
Test, several England bowlers used the
hybrid strip to practise on and reported
that it had much more carry and
bounce than they were expecting.
Warwickshire intend to start using
How it works
Natural grass
Upper root
zone (sand
and soil)
Grass
roots
Yarn
Lower root
zone (sand)
the pitch for age-group and second XI
cricket this year with a view to inserting
a hybrid pitch in the middle of the
square for use in county cricket in 2019.
Worcestershire have a hybrid surface
in their nets area and the ECB has two
at its national performance centre in
Loughborough.
This MCC move is their latest
attempt at innovation in the game. The
club were the first to experiment with
pink balls for day-night cricket and
have had a drop-in pitch on the nursery
ground for many years.
64
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Friday April 6 2018 | the times
Sport Football
Alexander-Arnold
comes of age to
repay Klopp?s faith
Paul Joyce Northern Football Correspondent
T
here is a story about Trent AlexanderArnold, a tale of which he might not
even be aware, that perfectly
encapsulates the teenager?s standing as
one of football?s wunderkinds.
In January, when Liverpool pushed to bring
forward Naby Ke飔a?s move to Anfield to offset
Philippe Coutinho?s transfer to Barcelona, RB
Leipzig officials responded with a request of
their own. The Bundesliga club suggested that a
deal involving Alexander-Arnold would be one
solution to smoothing Ke飔a?s early arrival before
his � million transfer on July 1.
Liverpool dismissed the idea, and with it their
hopes of landing the Guinea midfielder ahead of
schedule. Yet Leipzig?s interest, coupled with
Liverpool?s intransigence, speaks volumes for a
player who is destined to go places regardless.
After Alexander-Arnold?s coming-of-age
performance in nullifying Manchester City?s
Leroy San� in Wednesday?s 3-0 Champions
League quarter-final, first-leg success, he found
himself name-checked by Pep Guardiola, the
City manager. Gareth Southgate mentioned the
19-year-old right back when announcing his last
England squad and, before the friendly with
Holland last month, Alexander-Arnold was
drafted into a training session at St George?s
Park where he did not look out of place. One
bookmaker yesterday installed him as 7-4 on to
go to the World Cup.
Southgate was at Anfield on Wednesday and
will have been impressed by how AlexanderArnold checked his natural urge to surge
forward in favour of a disciplined approach to
handling San�. For someone who was supposed
to be the weak link, having been exposed by
Marcus Rashford and Wilfried Zaha in recent
matches, the youngster delivered a masterclass.
?He has had a bit of criticism recently and I
thought he answered his critics in emphatic
fashion,? Neil Critchley said. The manager of
Liverpool?s under-23 side has helped the
development of the player and speaks to him
regularly. ?He has a real steely determination
about him. He has something inside him that
says, ?OK. I will prove you wrong?.
?It was a different type of performance from
him. You associate Trent with flying forward
and getting crosses in.
?He was questioned with what he?s been
questioned about ? his defending. He had to do
a lot of it and I thought he did it extremely well.
?You could see early on that City had told
San� to stay wide and they were trying to get
the ball out to him. It looked like they had
targeted that as a possible chance for them to
get on top of Trent and give him problems. But
he showed a real discipline, composure and
calmness. He was really intelligent with the way
he defended. I was really pleased for him.
?The test for him now is to reproduce that. If
you want to be a top player you need to do that
again and again. Can he go and do it again? I
am pretty sure he can.?
Alexander-Arnold, who was six when his
name was pulled out of a hat at St Matthew?s
Primary School to attend a competition at
Liverpool from where he was subsequently
signed by the club, is fortunate that he has
J黵gen Klopp by his side.
It is not difficult to
think of some
managers who
would have tossed
him aside after those
recent aberrations. After all,
without the injured Joe Gomez, Klopp could
have brought in Nathaniel Clyne, or shifted
James Milner to full back.
?You have to give such credit to the manager,?
Critchley said. ?The easy thing after Trent?s last
few performances was to leave him out. He
didn?t and Trent paid him back. I wish there
were a lot more managers in the Premier
League who showed faith in young
English players like that because there
are more players like Trent who just
don?t get that time, that faith, that
trust.?
However, the emphasis for
improvement comes from within.
In the aftermath of the 2-1 defeat
by Manchester United last
month when he was caught on
the wrong side of Rashford for
the opening goal, AlexanderArnold took to social media to
apologise for his performance. Less
well known is the fact that he paid a
visit to Alex Inglethorpe, the academy
director, to garner advice. ?He has been in
to speak to Alex,? Critchley said. ?They have
a very good relationship.
?He still sees himself as one of us. I don?t
think he sees himself as an established firstteam player yet. And that is one of the best
qualities he has. He doesn?t think he has made it
and it?s, ?I don?t need you, I don?t need to listen
to you now?. That is what makes him the player
he is and, hopefully, the player he will become.?
San� will be looking to strike back in the
second leg, yet Alexander-Arnold will no
longer be dismissed quite so lightly.
Neville: fatigue no excuse
Molly Hudson
Phil Neville has taken a leaf out of Sir
Alex Ferguson?s book as he prepares for
his first game on home soil as England
women?s manager in tonight?s World
Cup qualifier against Wales in
Southampton.
Wales lead the group by one point,
having played a game more than
Neville?s side, but they dropped points
in a draw away to Russia, while England
have won their opening three games.
But, as the domestic season reaches its
climax, Neville has made it clear that he
has little sympathy for complaints
about fatigue, a philosophy that he has
adopted from his former manager at
Manchester United.
?If you want to be a top player you?ve
got to be able to play Saturday, Wednes-
day, Saturday, Wednesday for your
club, and then go away with England
and produce it at the top level,? he said.
?If anyone doesn?t want that, then you
shouldn?t be playing for England. I want
players with the mentality who say, ?I?m
going to train every day and I?m going
to play in these big games and have the
robustness and toughness.? That?s what
I learnt playing at Manchester United.?
Neville takes his team to Bosnia and
Herzegovina on Tuesday and two
victories this week would keep his side
well on course for a place in next
summer?s World Cup finals in France.
England (possible; 4-3-3): K Bardsley ? L Bronze,
S Houghton, A McManus, D Stokes ? K Walsh,
T Duggan, M Lawley ? F Kirby, E White, J Taylor.
Wales (possible; 4-2-3-1): L O?Sullivan ? L Dykes,
R Roberts, S Ingle, H Ladd ? A James, A Griffiths ? N
Harding, J Fishlock, R Rowe ? K Green.
Television Live on BBC Two, kick-off 7pm.
Euro date with
Italy for England
England, the hosts, will face Israel, Italy
and Switzerland at the European
Under-17 Championship next month
after yesterday?s draw, which was made
by Wayne Rooney, the former England
captain. England were runners-up in
last year?s competition in Croatia,
defeated by Spain in a penalty shootout.
Steve Cooper?s side will take part in
the curtain-raiser in group A against
Israel at Chesterfield on May 4. They
then play Italy at Walsall on May 7 and
Switzerland at Rotherham on May 10.
The final will also take place at Rotherham, on May 20.
Group A England, Switzerland, Italy, Israel.
Group B Slovenia, Norway, Portugal, Sweden.
Group C Ireland, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Denmark,
Belgium.
Group D Serbia, Holland, Germany, Spain.
I would take
him to the
World Cup
Tony
Cascarino
T
rent Alexander-Arnold
should be in England?s
World Cup squad. He might
be only 19 but that performance
against Manchester City showed
just how much he has improved.
We knew about his attacking
strengths ? he has pace, is a
good crosser of the ball and can
score the odd goal. But in recent
games he has been exposed
defensively by Manchester
United?s Marcus Rashford and
Wilfred Zaha, of Crystal Palace.
With that in mind, the way that
he dominated Leroy San�, one of
Where he excels
Chances created per 90 minutes
by right backs
Davide Zappacosta Chelsea
Florent Hadergjonaj
Huddersfield
Trent Alexander-Arnold
C閐ric Soares Southampton
7.03
5.35
4.79
4.57
Tackles per 90min by right backs
Serge Aurier Tottenham
Cuco Martina Everton
Pablo Zabaleta West Ham
Kyle Naughton Swansea
Alexander-Arnold
Alexander-Arnold,
pictured in his school
days with the former
Liverpool captain
Steven Gerrard, top,
could win a place in
England?s World Cup
squad for Russia
3.24
3
2.94
2.7
2.54
the best wingers in Europe, was
so impressive. He had worked on
his game, analysed his opponent
and produced a display of quality
and great maturity.
England are too cautious with
young talent ? get them on the
pitch, let them make mistakes,
learn and improve.
Theo Walcott was taken to the
2006 World Cup as a 17-year-old
and never played. In some ways it
summed up his career, constantly
changing positions and being
dropped. J黵gen Klopp could
have played James Milner
at right back or rushed
Nathaniel Clyne back
into the side. But he put
his faith in a 19-year-old
who had made mistakes
and he was rewarded.
?Game saved me from gang?
Tim Nash
A Shrewsbury Town defender in this
weekend?s Checkatrade Trophy final
has told how football helped him to
escape a life of gang violence after his
brother was brutally stabbed.
Omar Beckles, who has been selected for the squad to take on Lincoln City
at Wembley on Sunday, said that he
wanted to help inspire other youngsters
to stay out of trouble.
The defender, who grew up in
Walthamstow, north London, is setting
up a foundation that will work with
schools to discourage pupils from joining inner-city gangs.
Beckles?s brother, Aaron, was stabbed
on his way to a party, escaping a potentially fatal blow by millimetres, while a
friend was stabbed nine times in the
same incident. Many of the 50 people
murdered in the capital so far this year
have been teenagers and Beckles, 26,
admits that he could have easily taken
the wrong path if he had followed some
of his peers.
?Definitely . . . we were born in an
area that was heavily gang-related in
Walthamstow . . . football paved the
way for us to get out of it and my brother
had trials with Southampton and Gillingham.
?He didn?t make it as a pro but football was a distraction which enabled us
to distance ourselves.?
Having recovered from their ordeal
several years ago, Beckles?s brother and
his friend will be at Wembley cheering
him on this Sunday. ?They?re going to
be at the stadium, which is great,? he
said.
the times | Friday April 6 2018
65
2G M
Sport
Players hid in aisle during bus attack
6 Uefa charges Liverpool over crowd trouble outside Anfield 6 City ask why coach?s route was revealed by police in advance
CARL RECINE/REUTERS
Martyn Ziegler, Paul Joyce
Manchester City players scrambled
into the aisle of their coach for fear of
being hurt as beer bottles and flares
were thrown at it as they approached
Anfield on Wednesday night.
Pep Guardiola and other City
officials are furious with Merseyside
police for failing to stop a number of
Liverpool fans throwing missiles at the
team bus as it arrived for the
Champions League quarter-final first
leg. The City manager sarcastically
thanked Liverpool security staff and
police after he got off the coach, which
had a smashed front windscreen and a
shattered driver?s door. The vehicle was
so badly damaged that City had to
request another coach to take them
home after the 3-0 defeat.
?Thanks for protecting us. Thank
you very much. Thanks for what you
have done,? Guardiola said, as shown in
footage obtained by the Spanish TV
station Gol. ?Shame [on you].?
Manel Estiarte, Guardiola?s assistant,
posted a separate video on Instagram
from inside the coach in which cans,
bottles and other objects can be heard
striking the windows. Red smoke filled
the air as the bus turned on to Anfield
Road, where crowds had gathered for
two hours awaiting the City squad?s
arrival, and the attack began.
It is understood that several players
felt unsafe and moved to the centre of
the bus. There were fears that more
panes of glass on the vehicle could shatter on to the players and staff members.
Uefa announced yesterday that it
had charged Liverpool for four
breaches of article 16 of its disciplinary
code. The charges relate to the setting
off of fireworks, throwing objects, acts
of damage and crowd disturbances. A
hearing will take place on May 31 and
Liverpool can expect a large fine.
The attack appeared to have been
premeditated ? the ?coach greeting?
had been widely advertised on social
media with the aim of intimidating City.
City?s gripe is not with Liverpool, but
with Merseyside police. The club are
puzzled as to why the police released a
statement on the afternoon of the
match detailing the coach?s route,
which was different to normal.
The usual route could not be used
because of ?safety? concerns, according
to Merseyside police. The Times understands that the police feared that fans
would climb scaffolding on nearby
buildings and throw objects on to the
top of the bus. There were also fears
that the scaffolding could collapse.
City?s coach
comes
under attack
as it arrives
at Anfield
City?s route to Anfield
Goodison Park
Priory Road
Change in route
announced by
Merseyside police
hours before kick-off
Liverpool still hoping Salah
will be fit for second leg
Walton Lane
Paul Joyce
Stanley Park
Manchester City?s
usual route
Arkles Lane
Anfield
City?s coach comes
under attack outside
Arkles public house
200 yards
Police appealed yesterday for
mobile-phone footage in the hope that
it could help them to identify those
responsible. One police officer suffered
cuts as a result of the smashed glass and
another was struck by an object.
Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain, scorer of
Liverpool?s second goal, said the atmosphere in the stadium during the match
unnerved City. ?City are an amazing
football team but they are only human
and you put anyone in a pressure
environment in an atmosphere like that
and maybe it can disturb them,? he said.
Vincent Kompany insists that City
can win by four clear goals in Tuesday?s
second leg to progress. ?There?s not one
single person at Manchester City who
believes this game is over,? said the City
captain, whose team can win the
Premier League by beating Manchester
United tomorrow.
Rearranged fixtures mean
toughest run-in for Brighton
Berahino made to train with
under-23s after late arrival
Chris Hughton says Brighton & Hove
Albion have the toughest run-in of any
side in the Premier League after fixture
changes left them facing Manchester
United, Manchester City and Liverpool
in the final nine days of the season.
Their game at the Etihad Stadium has
been rescheduled for Wednesday May 9
and sits between a home game against
United on May 4 and a trip to Anfield on
May 13, the final day of the campaign.
?It?s a tough end to the season,? said
Hughton, whose team are 13th, six points
above the bottom three. ?It?s also an
exciting one, of course. But does it put
more pressure on? Yes, it does.
?I?d say we now have the toughest
run-in of all the teams, so we must make
sure we?re in the right frame of mind to
go into every game. We all know what?s
at stake . . . to get the points we need to
stay in this division as soon as possible.?
Saido Berahino has been sent to train
with Stoke City?s under-23s over his poor
timekeeping. The � million striker
arrived late for an under-23s game
against Aston Villa on Easter Monday,
and Paul Lambert, the manager, ordered
the 24-year-old to train away from the
senior squad preparing for home game
against Tottenham Hotspur tomorrow.
Berahino, who is believed to have been
further disciplined for the incident,
signed for Stoke from West Bromwich
Albion 15 months ago but has been a
disappointment and has failed to score in
two seasons.
The news comes after Lambert told
Ibrahim Afellay, the Dutch playmaker, to
stay away from the club for the rest of
the season over a disciplinary matter,
while Erik Pieters, the left back, was
fined after being pictured on a night out
less than 24 hours before a game.
Liverpool are confident that Mohamed
Salah is not seriously injured and will
monitor his fitness before deciding
whether he can play in the Champions
League quarter-final second leg against
Manchester City on Tuesday.
While it is unlikely that the Egypt
forward will be risked against Everton
in tomorrow?s Merseyside derby,
J黵gen Klopp does not believe he will
be out for long. Salah was substituted,
primarily as a precaution because of a
groin problem, early in the second half
on Wednesday with Liverpool leading
3-0. He had opened the scoring with his
38th goal of the season.
Nathaniel Clyne, Danny Ings,
Dominic Solanke and Alberto Moreno
could all feature against Everton as
Klopp rotates his squad before the
second leg at the Etihad Stadium.
Meanwhile, James Milner will not
reverse his decision to retire from
international duty with England
despite excelling in front of Gareth
Southgate against his former club. The
midfielder believes that he has
benefited from ending his 61-cap
England career after Euro 2016 and will
not make himself available for selection
again.
Milner feels that England under
Southgate will continue to look to
youth and the 32-year-old has been
helped by the time off that he has been
granted by Klopp during the
international breaks.
Southgate saw an all-England midfield trio of Milner, Jordan Henderson
and Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain help to
propel Liverpool to victory over City.
The England manager had tried to
persuade Milner to come out of retirement when he took over from Sam
Allardyce in September 2016, believing
his experience would be invaluable.
66
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Friday April 6 2018 | the times
Sport Europa League
Outstanding 謟il
leaves Arsenal on
brink of semi-final
Henry Winter
Chief Football
Writer
Arsenal
Ramsey 9, 28, Lacazette 23 (pen), 35
CSKA Moscow
Golovin 15
4
0
2
1
Mesut 謟il delivered one of those
magical performances that he is
frequently capable of when given a yard
of space by lesser opposition. Arsenal
supporters sang his praises for long
spells of this game, grateful for the
uplifting moments of technical
brilliance from their No 11 in a period of
sustained difficulty for the club.
謟il was involved in all four goals, a
brace each for Aaron Ramsey and
Alexandre Lacazette, and the only
disappointment on the night was the
knee injury suffered by Henrikh
Mkhitaryan and that 謟il?s excellence
was not rewarded with a goal.
?He enjoys [playing] and I hope you
enjoy [watching him] because you see a
great football player,? Ars鑞e Wenger
said. ?When you love football, that?s
what you want to see.?
Because of the scale of his talent,
people understandably want to see
more from 謟il. When he is in this sort
of irrepressible, commanding form, his
exceptional manipulation of the ball is
devastating. His vision and precision
brought him three more assists.
There will always be criticism of 謟il
from those who like their footballers
more animated, and he still needs more
significant returns in the heavyweight
contests, as those who looked for him in
the Carabao Cup final against
Manchester City will attest, but on
nights like this he is the quiet destroyer,
refined and ruthless.
Arsenal would be so much the poorer
without him. His decision to renew his
vows at the Emirates drew widespread
relief among supporters fearing the loss
of the brightest jewel. If he had left
them, as Alexis S醤chez did, the crisis
would have deepened.
謟il knows that his gifts belong in the
Champions League and he seems
almost on a mission to ensure that
Arsenal win the Europa League and
return to Europe?s top table. There was
more of a buzz around the Emirates last
night, even though the stadium was far
from full, and even national radio
broadcasters resisted the opportunity
to relay events live, but Arsenal seem
liberated from their domestic woes.
They were far too open at times, and
their defence far too shaky, and they
will need to tighten up against opponents of the quality of Atletico Madrid.
The thought of Shkodran Mustafi
against Diego Costa or Antoine
Griezmann is enough to cause palpitations among Arsenal fans.
Even an average Russian side
troubled their team, and would have
made next week?s second leg more of a
contest had their shooting been better.
If CSKA Moscow had fielded more
players of the calibre of Aleksandr
Golovin, Arsenal would not be on the
cusp of the last four.
But Arsenal had 謟il and CSKA
could not handle him. He began on the
right of Wenger?s 4-2-3-1 system but
was soon drifting inside, linking and
creating. CSKA gave him far too much
room and respect, and he duly dissected their defence time after time. It
was not simply his technique that punished CSKA. He was a master of deception, wrongfooting opponents with a
flick of the hips. He read his teammates? movement expertly, whether
H閏tor Beller韓 down the right or
Aaron Ramsey through the middle.
Ramsey began the scoring, following
a sweeping Arsenal move, with the
hosts seemingly aggrieved that an
effort by their Welsh No 8 had just been
ruled out for a phantom offside.
Mkhitaryan cut in from the left, and
worked the ball inside to 謟il, who
spent the game assuming clever
positions. Such is his confidence in his
touch that 謟il instantly played the ball
first time, delivering it through traffic to
Jack Wilshere. Arsenal?s No 10 had the
experienced figure of Vasili Berezutski
close by, so he calmly laid the ball to
謟il (probably Wilshere?s best contribution as he was too wasteful with the
ball at other times).
Arsenal suddenly quickened the pace
of the attack, with 謟il immediately
picking the right option, releasing
Beller韓. Noting the ragged lines of
CSKA?s defence, Beller韓 drilled the ball
across and Ramsey did the rest, rifling
past Igor Akinfeev. Ramsey understandably received the plaudits but this
goal, like so many in the first half, was
stamped with 謟il?s unique imprint.
Arsenal?s defence was not convincing
at any point during the first half, and
they duly conceded a goal when Laurent Koscielny fouled Golovin, a rather
naive challenge for such an
experienced defender. Golovin ? such
a talent ? punished Arsenal with a
wonderful free kick, up and over,
clearing a token leap from Ramsey, and
leaving Petr Cech helpless.
Arsenal stayed calm and gave the ball
to 謟il. The German exchanged passes
with Mkhitaryan and
ventured down the
inside-right
Lacazette
celebrates
scoring his
first goal,
a penalty
kick, to
make it 2-1
Watch the
highlights
Enjoy the goals and
key moments from
last night?s match
at the Emirates
Go to thetimes.co.uk/sport
or the Times app
or tablet edition
channel. The ball was slightly ahead of
him but he scampered gainfully after it.
His hopes of reaching it were clumsily
ended by Georgi Schennikov diving in
and bringing 謟il down. Lacazette
made short work of the penalty,
sending Akinfeev the wrong way.
Arsenal?s third was the best of the
bunch, one of the finest goals seen here
this season. Inevitably, a certain person
was involved. After Lacazette and
Nacho Monreal combined on the left,
謟il very elegantly curled the ball
across for the unmarked Ramsey to
meet it on the run with a balletic leap,
steering the ball with the outside of his
right boot over Akinfeev and in. It was
a goal of great beauty, rooted in
Ramsey?s invention and athleticism,
and in 謟il?s awareness.
The fourth soon arrived. Granit
Xhaka released the ubiquitous 謟il
down the left, and his measured cutback arrowed perfectly to Lacazette.
The Frenchman controlled the ball
instantly with his right and finished
emphatically with his left.
The Arsenal fans were loving this
performance from 謟il in particular
and there was a standing ovation from
one corner when he chased a lost cause
down the line. When 謟il then popped
up deep in his own half and flicked the
ball away from two Russians, the
Emirates almost dissolved in joy.
謟il was everywhere, tricking his
way past Konstantin Kuchaev on the
left, and then appearing on the right
and sending a low shot in but straight at
Akinfeev. He then started a move that
ended with Ramsey striking a post.
Another goal or two would not have
flattered Arsenal but nothing was going
to stop the 200 or so CSKA fans from
singing, and about 80 of the hardier
male souls ended the game stripped to
the waist. The Bolshoi it wasn?t. The real
entertainment was supplied by a
German conductor.
Arsenal (4-2-3-1): P Cech 6 ? H Beller韓 7, S Mustafi 5,
L Koscielny 5, N Monreal 6 ? A Ramsey 7 , G Xhaka 5 ?
H Mkhitaryan 7 (sub: A Iwobi 61min, 5), J Wilshere 6
(sub: M Elneny 74), M 謟il 8 ? A Lacazette 7 (sub: D
Welbeck 74). Substitutes not used M Macey, R Holding,
C Chambers, S Kolasinac. Booked Xhaka, Beller韓.
CSKA Moscow (3-1-4-2) I Akinfeev 5 ? V Berezutski 5,
S Ignashevich 5, A Berezutski 5 ? B Natcho 5 (sub: G
Milanov 74) ? K Kuchayev 5, A Dzagoev 6 (sub: Vitinho
64, 5), A Golovin 7, G Shchennikov 6 ? P Wernbloom 5,
A Musa 6 (sub: K Khosonov 82). Substitutes not used
I Pomazun, K Bistrovic, F Chalov, T Zhamaletdinov.
Booked Schennikov, Dzagoev, Musa, Akinfeev.
Referee P Kr醠ovec (Cz).
Ramsey scored
his second
goal by flicking
the ball over
Akinfeev in
the CSKA goal
Wenger hails ?special? goal
Gary Jacob
Ars鑞e Wenger praised the quality of
Aaron Ramsey?s second goal in the win
over CSKA Moscow as the midfielder
continued his prolific recent form in
front of goal.
Ramsey?s audacious first-time volley
over goalkeeper Igor Akinfeev was his
sixth goal in his past seven games,
which was as many as in his previous 36
appearances. ?It was a great goal, I have
seen some great goals recently, and
they matter at this point of the season,?
Wenger said. ?Ramsey was at the end of
many things tonight, got two, and one
special one.?
Arsenal?s victory was tempered by a
knee injury to Henrikh Mkhitaryan,
who will miss Sunday?s home game
against Southampton. He will have a
scan today to determine the extent
of the injury that caused him to be
substituted just after the hour mark.
Wenger claimed that David Ospina had
sprained an ankle in training on the eve
of the game when the goalkeeper
moved backwards under no contact but
had also hinted that Petr Cech would
start the game, despite usually
swapping goalkeepers for cup games.
Ospina was close to leaving the club
last summer and will have a year left on
his contract at the end of the season,
when he is expected to leave. ?He will
be out for two to three weeks,? Wenger
said. ?Yesterday we were scared for a
very serious injury, but today the scan
was reassuring.?
Wenger said that his message to his
team at half-time had been not to concede another away goal. ?It was a spectacular first half played at a high pace,
but uncomfortable, and I was worried
we could concede another,? he said.
?We have done enough of a job.?
the times | Friday April 6 2018
67
2G M
Sport
TIMES PHOTOGRAPHER MARC ASPLAND
continued from back
Clubs look to curb agents
paid �1 million to agents last year, a 21
per cent increase on the previous 12
months, and there is a growing appetite
among some clubs to confront what
many view as an unnecessary waste
and an impediment to good business
practice. The initiative to set up the
working group came from the clubs
rather than having been imposed by the
Premier League.
Dual representation used to be illegal
in England, but has been permitted
since Fifa deregulated the industry in
2015, leading to an explosion of the
practice and a huge increase in the
number of FA-registered agents. A
recent analysis showed that the same
agent was acting for the club and the
player in about two thirds of transfers
and contract negotiations, but many
clubs feel that this creates potential for
conflicts of interest.
HM Revenue & Customs is also
understood to have problems with the
system as it believes it is used by players
and their agents to avoid paying tax.
In cases of dual representation it has
become common for clubs to pay the
agent?s entire fee despite Premier
League guidance stating that it
should be split 50-50 between
player and the club.
The work that an agent does
for a club is deemed to be a
service for which VAT can be
reclaimed by the club,
which is not the case for
individuals, therefore
leading to significant
savings for players.
The amount of
money spent by
Premier League clubs on agent
fees has almost doubled from
�5 million in the year before
deregulation, along with the
number of licensed agents
Barkley?s move from
Everton to Chelsea
was questioned by
the mayor of
Liverpool
increasing from 518 in 2015 to 1,800 at
present.
While Fifa?s recommendation for
agent fees is 3 per cent of the transfer
value or the player?s gross salary, they
have also risen dramatically, with Mino
Raiola reported to have received
� million
after
Paul
Pogba?s
� million transfer from Juventus to
Manchester United last year.
The Times revealed in January that
Ross Barkley?s agent was paid about
�million for his role in facilitating the
England midfield player?s � million
move from Everton to Chelsea that
month. The mayor of Liverpool, Joe
Anderson, called for a police and FA
investigation into whether ?fraud had
taken place? after the Barkley deal as
the player had pulled out of a � million transfer agreed by both clubs last
August. No investigation has taken
place and police told Anderson that
there was no evidence that a criminal
offence had occurred.
Fifa and Uefa are both conducting
investigations into agents as the issue is
recognised as a global problem, but the
Premier League?s inquiry is more
advanced. The Fifa president,
Gianni Infantino, has set up a
working party also involving
Aleksander Ceferin, his counterpart at Uefa, into the issue
after describing the rise in
agent fees as ?worrying?
inFebruary. Uefa has
calculated
that
Europe?s top clubs
have spent more than
�6 billion on agent
ffees since 2013.
While many Premier
League clubs want to
tackle the issue, the top
six are anxious to avoid
putting themselves at a
competitive disadvantage
to their European rivals.
If the clubs welcome the
working party?s findings,
proposals may be put to a
vote at their summer
meeting, with 14 clubs
required to vote in favour for
any new regulations to be
introduced.
Artificial pitches present
?negligible? risk of cancer
Martyn Ziegler Chief Sports Reporter
Talking points
By Gary Jacob
Golovin impresses
Defence still shaky
No Ramsey leeway
Ars鑞e Wenger was coy about
discussing his interest in Aleksandr
Golovin on the eve of the first leg, but
the CSKA Moscow playmaker took
his chance to showcase his talent in
front of the Frenchman. He won the
free kick that he brilliantly clipped
over the wall and into the top corner
in the 15th minute for CSKA?s goal.
He was silky, with deft close control,
and showed clever vision around the
penalty area. Everything went
through him and he often dropped
deep to collect the ball from the three
centre backs. The 21-year-old scored
twice in his first three games for
Russia. Arsenal may not be his only
suitors this summer.
Arsenal will enter the summer
transfer window in need of at least
one centre back, as has been the case
each year for the past decade. Yet
Wenger has continued to sign poorly,
from Calum Chambers to S閎astien
Squillaci and Shkodran Mustafi.
Arsenal might have conceded four
times in the first half such was their
shambolic defending at times ?
Ahmed Musa alone had three good
opportunities. Laurent Koscielny has
often been made to look ponderous
this season, due in part to a nagging
achilles problem that he manages. At
32, the injury will not get better and
he will never be the same player as he
was, while Mustafi is a liability.
Whatever Wenger says about
allowing Aaron Ramsey, who scored
twice to make it six goals in his past
seven games, to go into next season in
the final year of his contract, it is
unlikely that Arsenal will play ball.
The uncertainty over the futures of
Mesut 謟il and Alexis S醤chez left a
constant cloud over the club from the
end of last season and contributed to
a messy and chaotic end to the
transfer window. The club are
determined to take a tougher line this
summer and not allow Ramsey to
follow the example of 謟il and
S醤chez, who backed Arsenal into a
corner over their wage demands for
more than a year.
The risk of developing cancer by playing sport on artificial pitches has been
dismissed as ?virtually negligible? by
the largest study so far into the issue.
Instead, the National Institute for
Public Health and the Environment
(RIVM) in the Netherlands concluded
that playing sports on rubber granulate
? the black granules that form the base
for artificial football and rugby pitches
? was safe.
The research was commissioned
after several claims, mainly in the
United States, that the rubber granules
in the pitches could have caused cancer.
Experts studied pitches in five countries, including Britain, looking at the
effect on adults and children, outfield
players and goalkeepers, and whether
granules had been ingested. No connection was found with cancer risks.
The RIVM said that the levels of
polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
(PAHs) ? which have been shown to
be carcinogenic ? in granules are low,
but it will recommend that the European Union sets a PAH limit to prevent
future pitches being made using old
imported rubber that has high levels.
Joke Herremans, head of the RIVM?s
consumers and product safety department, told The Times: ?Part of our
research has included looking at cancer
in footballers, and there is no clear
relation. The result of our work is that
there is a negligible risk, that it?s safe to
play football on rubber crumb.
However, we want to change the
legislation in case in the future there is
far higher PAH levels than is in the
crumb right now. We want to do this as
a precaution.?
The RIVM?s research study, which
was published on its website, concludes:
?We have carried out a risk assessment
of the current situation and concluded
that playing sports on rubber granulate
is safe, as far as the effects of rubber
granulate on health are concerned. The
effect of these substances on human
health is virtually negligible.?
The findings have been accepted by
the US Environmental Protection
Agency and the European Chemicals
Agency (ECHA). Germany?s Federal
Institute for Risk Assessment said that
the results were ?substantial? but
should be regarded as preliminary findings and more research was needed.
Mark Blainey, senior scientific officer
at the ECHA, said: ?The research has
looked at goalkeepers and both professionals and children, and whether it is
ingesting granules, breathing fumes or
touching them.
?There is a very low level of concern,
less than one additional case of cancer
for every million people exposed over a
lifetime. Bearing in mind that we made
some cautious assumptions during the
risk assessment, the real risks are likely
to be even lower than that.?
68
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Friday April 6 2018 | the times
Sport The Masters
Sport
Woods struggles to live up
Mike Atherton
Augusta
Tommy Fleetwood sure is popular in
these parts. They were lining up a
dozen deep a little after 10.30am local
time, as Southport?s finest was
announced on to the first tee. Any
delusions were swiftly removed,
though, when the applause for his
playing partner, ranked 103rd in the
world, drowned that of his own. No, we
were not talking at this stage about
Marc Leishman, the 34-year-old from
Warrnambool, Australia, the third
member of the group.
Tiger Woods was back, and for once
Tiger?s back was not a medical bulletin.
After four operations on his spine,
including a fusion just under a year ago
? and a year after the Champions
Dinner when he told Jack Nicklaus that
he was ?done? ? he was back. Every-
one loves a redemption story and the
patrons gave him a standing ovation as
he made his way, dressed all in black,
from the practice range to the first tee,
a reception he later described as
?incredible?.
Given his medical issues, just playing
was a triumph in itself, but the competitor in him would have wanted more
than that. They had been talking here
about the greatest sporting story of all
time, and they had all come for a
Hollywood ending. Age? That wasn?t
necessarily against him at 42, with Jack
Nicklaus, Ben Crenshaw, Mark
O?Meara and Gary Player all winners at
Augusta into their forties. But did he
still have it? The ?touch and nerve? that
Nick Faldo once said were essential
requirements for this course.
Nerves? Maybe there were a few
understandable butterflies, as his first
drive missed the fairway to the left, to
an audible groan, and the front nine
yielded just a solitary birdie, on the
short par-four 3rd. The inevitable Tiger
roar, the first of the day, was muted
when two bogeys in successive holes,
on the 4th and 5th, put him one over
Tiger Woods +1
Birdies
Pars
Bogeys
Out
Par
Score
In
Par
Score
1
4
4
10
4
4
2
5
5
11
4
5
3
4
3
12
3
4
4
3
4
13
5
5
5
4
5
14
4
3
6
3
3
15
5
5
7
4
4
16
3
2
8
5
5
17
4
4
9
4
4
18
4
4
Par 72
Out 37
In 36
Total 73
par for the front nine. Instead, it was
Leishman who made the running
initially and it said something for the
Australian that he was able to find his
best game initially under the scrutiny.
The challenges of Augusta are
plentiful, but for Fleetwood and Leishman there was the added hurdle of
coping with the hullabaloo that
surrounds Woods. If they were hoping
for a low-key round, attention focused
elsewhere, they were in the wrong
group. They should have been with last
year?s champion, Sergio Garc韆, or the
world No 2, Justin Thomas, coming up
immediately behind. Not that many
were interested in them either.
Still, it was relatively subdued by the
standards of the other tournaments
that Woods has played this year. When
Rory McIlroy played with Woods at the
Genesis Open two months ago, he said
that the ?hoopla? probably cost Woods
half a shot a day and that he himself
needed a couple of ibuprofen to cope
with the headache at the end of it all. A
quiet walk spoiled, in other words.
Here, in the controlled surroundings of
Augusta that remind you of a kind of
benign dictatorship ? no running, no
phones, no shouting and certainly no
abuse from the patrons ? no ibuprofen
was required.
After the golden oldies Nicklaus and
Player got things under way on a
beautiful, cloudless but crisp morning,
even they had to field questions about
Woods. Nicklaus was, he said,
?amazed? at his return and expected
him ?to be in the hunt?. Player, too, was
equally amazed, but by Woods?s evident
recovery from what Player called the
dreaded chipping yips. ?When you get
the yips, you die with the yips. I?ve never
thought he?d get over that,? he said.
Chipping, though, was the least of
Woods?s worries on a day when he had,
above all else, to battle and grind his
way to a score of 73, one over par. Most
of his struggles stemmed from an
inability to hit the fairway off the tee.
He missed the first cut on the 1st, 5th,
9th, 11th, 13th and 15th fairways. When
he missed, he generally missed right
and it meant that he was unable to take
advantage of the par fives that he has
treated so brutally down the years. He
hit only eight out of 14 fairways, playing
the par fives in level par.
Still, at least he wasn?t Garc韆. The
Spaniard later put an unbelievable five
balls in the water on the 15th, and so
Woods?s troubles, exacerbated at Amen
Corner, were trifling by comparison. He
arrived there shortly before two in the
afternoon, pushed his first shot on the
long par-four 11th, White Dogwood,
and then stood on the devilish 12th and
dunked his tee shot into Rae?s Creek,
where the dreams of so many have died
in the water.
At this point, his day could have gone
either way. If he does challenge in this
tournament ? and only a fool would
write him off ? he will look back on the
gutsy putt at the 12th from the front
fringe of the green as a turning point.
This putt to escape with a bogey
reminded you of one of his greatest
qualities: the ability to concentrate on
the shot in front of him,
rather than the one just
gone, and his ability to
commit to it with everything he has got.
That Woods?s competitive instincts were
still as strong as ever
was evidenced with
birdies at the 14th
and 16th ? making
putts from seven
and 22 feet ? the
latter after the
disappointment of failing
to exploit the
final par five on the course.
With all the stars aligning at the
right time, there are more sub-plots
than an Agatha Christie novel this
week, but there?s only one story anyone
wants to read: at least his last two drives
split the fairway so he goes into the
second day having put some poor
drives behind him. ?There?s a long way
to go,? he said afterwards.
Leishman faded slightly after a bright
start and it was Fleetwood who finished
the strongest of the group. At the start
of the day, as Nicklaus and Player were
applauded politely to the first tee, Fleetwood was supping coffee with his
family about 50 yards away in the clubhouse and looking like the cat that had
got the cream. He couldn?t, he told
me, have been more excited
about the prospect of playing
with Woods.
He described it as a ?cool?
experience. Woods, he said, was a
?good person to play with? and
plays ?at a good pace?. As the
pace hotted up later in the
round, so did Fleetwood?s
putter, and he made four
birdies in the final six holes
to finish level par, one
better than Woods.
He did Southport
proud. The patrons here
clearly know their stuff.
the times | Friday April 6 2018
69
2G M
Sport
Sport
to great expectations
ANDREW GOMBERT/EPA
1,089
Days since Woods last
completed a round at
the Masters
Woods plays out
of a bunker during
his round of one
over par, which
Fleetwood, far left,
bettered by a shot
THE HOME OF
LIVE FOOTBALL
WEEKEND
COMMENTARIES
Today?s tee-off times
All times BST,
US unless stated.
* denotes amateur
1.30pm Billy Horschel, Chez Reavie,
Cameron Smith (Aus)
1.41 Sandy Lyle (Scot),
Kim Si-woo (S Kor), *Doug Ghim
1.52 Trevor Immelman (SA), Ian
Poulter (Eng), Patrick Cantlay
2.03 羘gel Cabrera (Arg), Ross Fisher
(Eng), Jimmy Walker
2.14 Fred Couples, Li Hao Tong
(China), *Joaquin Niemann (Chile)
2.25 Larry Mize, Russell Henley,
Shubhankar Sharma (India)
2.36 Bernhard Langer (Ger),
Tony Finau, Yuta Ikeda (Japan)
2.47 Charl Schwartzel (SA),
Webb Simpson, *Lin Yuxin (China)
2.58 Kevin Kisner, Thomas Pieters
(Bel), Xander Schauffele
3.09 Gary Woodland, Yusaku Miyazato
(Japan), Tyrrell Hatton (Eng)
3.31 Phil Mickelson, Rickie Fowler,
Matt Kuchar
3.42 Adam Scott (Aus),
Rory McIlroy (N Ire), Jon Rahm (Sp)
3.53 Jordan Spieth, Alex Noren (Swe),
Louis Oosthuizen (SA)
4.04 Justin Rose (Eng), Dustin
Johnson, Rafael Cabrera-Bello (Sp)
4.15 Austin Cook, Ted Potter Jr,
Wesley Bryan
4.26 Ian Woosnam (Wales),
Ryan Moore, Jhonattan Vegas (Ven)
4.47 Mike Weir (Can), Brendan Steele,
*Matt Parziale
4.48 Jose Maria Olazabal (Sp),
Kevin Chappell, Dylan Frittelli (SA)
4.59 Bryson DeChambeau,
Bernd Wiesberger (Austria),
Matthew Fitzpatrick (Eng)
5.10 Mark O?Meara, Brian Harman,
*Harry Ellis (Eng)
5.32 Vijay Singh (Fiji), Satoshi Kodaira
(Japan), Daniel Berger
5.43 Kiradech Aphibarnrat (Thai),
Pat Perez, Francesco Molinari (It)
5.54 Danny Willett (Eng), Kyle Stanley,
Jason Dufner
6.05 Hideki Matsuyama (Japan),
Patton Kizzire, Paul Casey (Eng)
6.16 Zach Johnson, Martin Kaymer
(Ger), Branden Grace (SA)
6.27 Tiger Woods, Marc Leishman
(Aus), Tommy Fleetwood (Eng)
6.38 Sergio Garc韆 (Sp), Justin
Thomas, *Doc Redman
6.49 Bubba Watson,
Henrik Stenson (Swe), Jason Day (Aus)
7.00 Patrick Reed, Charley Hoffman,
Adam Hadwin (Can)
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Friday April 6 2018 | the times
Sport The Masters
Sport
Garc韆 takes 13 at
one hole in horror
start to defence
Alasdair Reid
d
Augusta
Sergio Garc韆 was coasting along quite
nicely when he came to the 15th tee at
Augusta. Two over for the day, he was
not exactly setting the pace at the 82nd
Masters, but neither was his title
defence dead in the water. But just a few
minutes later, spectacularly and very
literally, it was.
Five times he tried to get his ball on to
the 15th green, and five times it rolled
back into the pond that guards the
putting surface. His first effort, from
205 yards, was with a six-iron, the next
four were with a wedge. With his tee
shot, putt and penalty strokes added, he
ran up a 13, equalling the highest singlehole score in the tournament.
It was an episode that will live in
Augusta?s annals of infamy alongside
the 13s that Tommy Nakajima took at
the par-five 13th in 1978 and that Tom
Weiskopf took at the par-three 12th in
1980.
It rocketed Garc韆 down to last but
one in the 87-strong field, a situation
Weather forecast
Today
Warmer
at about
25C (78F) but
partly cloudy.
Winds S shifting
SW, 10-15mph
Tomorrow
Showers
and
possible
thunderstorms,
23C (74F). Windy
(SW/W, gusts 3035mph)
Sunday
Partly
cloudy
and cooler, highs
of about
18-19C (64-67F).
Winds NE,
10-15mph
Live TV times
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Sports
Today
and tomorrow
from 7pm, Sunday
from 6pm
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Tomorrow from
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from 6.30pm
online
Full Masters
leaderboard,
plus video
special: how to
win at Augusta
that was remedied not one bit by the
birdie he collected at the next hole on
his way to a round of 81. It would take a
turnaround of staggering proportions
for the 2017 champion to reach the
weekend of the 2018 event.
?I don?t know what to tell you,? the
38-year-old Spaniard said. ?It?s one of
those things. It?s the first time in my
career where I make a 13 without
missing a shot. Simple as that.
?I felt like I hit a lot of good shots and
unfortunately the ball just didn?t want
to stop. I kept hitting good shots with
the sand wedge and unfortunately, I
don?t know why, the ball just wouldn?t
stop.?
While the 2017 champion made a
dog?s breakfast of things, the 2015
winner had a sublime back nine. Jordan
Spieth was the wire-to-wire winner
three years ago, and he led for the first
three rounds in 2016 as well before his
mini-collapse allowed Danny Willett to
come up on the rails. Spieth?s course
management yesterday was superb,
and his run of five consecutive birdies
between the 13th and 17th holes was an
emphatic statement of intent.
A bogey at the last, where he found
trees to the left of the fairway and could
only pitch out backwards, knocked
Spieth back a little, but his six-underpar round of 66 was still good enough to
give him a two-shot lead at the front of
the field, with Tony Finau and Matt
Kuchar holding a share of second place.
?I told Michael [Greller, his caddie]
that I wanted to shoot three-under each
day,? said Spieth. ?It?s probably unrealistic the way Saturday [when storms are
forecast] is looking, but that will be my
goal.?
While Garc韆?s attempt to win a
second Green Jacket disappeared into
the drink, Rory McIlroy did his
prospects of winning a first no harm
whatsoever. The Northern Irishman
has sometimes been accused of trying
too hard at Augusta, of putting too
much pressure on himself to complete
his career grand slam, but there were
few signs of nerves as he birdied the
opening hole, reached the turn at one
under, and began to push on over the
back nine.
A thunderous 325-yard drive at the
par-five 13th, the easiest hole on the
course, left McIlroy with a short-iron
approach and a decent eagle chance.
He hit a loose approach to the back of
the green but still left with a birdie, then
added another at the 15th, the scene of
Garc韆?s woes, to move to three under
and on to the first page of the leaderboard. His 69 was his best first-day
score in the event.
Justin Rose, who was beaten by
Garc韆 in last year?s play-off, also made
a significant move after the turn. A
lumpy front nine, with bogeys at the 4th
and 7th, was followed by an impressive
move through Amen Corner, where
he had back-to-back birdies at 12 and
13. However, the most impressive
performance on the inward half was
probably that of Kuchar, who picked up
four birdies in his final six holes.
At one point, the outright lead
belonged to Finau. On Wednesday it
seemed that Finau?s contribution to
2018 Masters lore would begin and end
2
Other golfers who took
13 shots at a Masters
hole: Tom Weiskopf
(12th, 1980),
Tommy Nakajima
(13th, 1978)
Sergio Garc韆 +9
Birdies
Pars
Bogeys
D Bogeys+
Out
Par
Score
In
Par
Score
1
4
4
10
4
4
2
5
4
11
4
4
3
4
4
12
3
2
4
3
4
13
5
5
5
4
5
14
4
5
6
3
3
15
5
13
7
4
6
16
3
2
8
5
4
17
4
4
9
4
4
18
4
4
Par 72
Out 38
In 43
Total 81
with his overexuberant celebrations
after a hole in one at the par-three
competition.
Running
backwards,
Finau
stumbled, fell and popped his ankle.
Almost as quickly, however, he popped
it back in, and was given the all-clear to
play after a scan.
Finau has flown under the radar in
recent years, but he has had some solid
results this season. He leads the PGA
Tour?s driving distance category, and he
put his power to good use as he birdied
all four of Augusta?s par fives.
The American finished with a round
of 68, and although a clutch of other
players threatened to join him on that
mark, many were caught out on the
18th, where bogeys were far more
numerous than birdies.
Tiger Woods didn?t exactly tear the
course to pieces as he has in the past,
but a one-over round of 73 was none too
shabby and he is still firmly in contention.
But while he and Tommy Fleetwood
had to dig deep to create a score, it was
Marc Leishman, the least heralded
member of their marquee group, who
set the early pace, holding the outright
lead until he fell back with a
double bogey at the 15th after chipping
into the water.
A lot more water will flow down Rae?s
Creek and under the Hogan Bridge
before Sunday?s closing stages, but
Leishman?s bio declares him to be the
kind of player who could well be in the
mix. At 34, he is the right kind of age,
holds 16th place in the world rankings
and has real miles on the clock after
playing and winning on four continents.
the times | Friday April 6 2018
71
2G M
Sport
Sport
DJ PHILLIP/AP; MIKE SEGAR/REUTERS
Leaderboard
First round
R1 R2 R3 R4 Total
Drop of the hard stuff:
Garc韆 cut a figure of
misery as he ran up a
joint record high score
of 13 on the 15th hole
Garc韆?s water torture
augusta diary by alasdair reid
What a difference a year makes. On the same hole where he made an eagle in the
final round to help to clinch victory 12 months ago, the Spanish champion had a
meltdown at the 15th yesterday. His hopes of retaining his title were shattered
when his ball rolled off the green and back into the water five times
HOLE 15 Fire Thorn
530 yards, par 5
Key
Shot
11
Penalty
Tee shot
1
12
10 8
64
9
7
13
5
3
Day drinks it in after his
ball lands in a fan?s beer
Players should not rely on
books, complains Nicklaus
Marc Leishman wasn?t the only
Australian to make a splash at
Augusta yesterday. Jason Day did so
as well, in the more literal sense,
when his second shot at the 1st hit a
tree before bouncing off a spectator?s
shoulder and landing in his beer cup.
The man wasn?t going to let good beer
go to waste so he drank what was left
before handing the ball back to Day.
After getting the 2018 Masters under
way with his ceremonial tee shot, Jack
Nicklaus took aim at the practice of
modern professionals who consult
green-reading books, which detail the
slopes and contours of greens, before
attempting their putts. ?You?ve got
everything,? he said. ?Now you?ve got
a book that tells you how to do it. It?s
also done by somebody who can?t
break 90. To me, the game of golf is
learning how to play the game and
being responsible for everything you
do. It?s fun to learn how to putt greens
and how to play clubs.?
Albatross is the rarest of
birds seen at the Masters
2
1. Fairway
2. Water
3. Penalty
4. Water
5. Penalty
6. Water
7. Penalty
8. Water
9. Penalty
10. Water
11. Penalty
12. Green
13. Putt
The Green Jacket may be the most
coveted prize on offer at Augusta, but
it isn?t the rarest. That distinction
belongs to the crystal bowl awarded
to any player who records an
albatross ? or double eagle as they
call it here. In the 84-year history of
the Masters, only four have been
recorded: by Gene Sarazen in 1935,
Bruce Devlin in 1967, Jeff Maggert in
1994 and most recently by Louis
Oosthuizen in 2012.
Cricket legend Chappell
a mystery to golf crowd
Star spotting is a traditional activity
at the year?s first major, but you could
forgive the patrons for failing to
notice Greg Chappell. The legendary
cricketer and former Australia captain
was making his first visit to Augusta
National.
J Spieth (US)
-6 66 -
-
- 66
T Finau (US)
-4 68 -
-
- 68
M Kuchar (US)
-4 68 -
-
- 68
H Stenson (Swe)
-3 69 -
-
- 69
A Hadwin (Can)
-3 69 -
-
- 69
P Reed (US)
-3 69 -
-
- 69
Li Haotong (China) -3 69 -
-
- 69
R McIlroy (N Ire)
-3 69 -
-
- 69
R Cabrera-Bello (Sp) -3 69 -
-
- 69
C Hoffman (US)
-3 69 -
-
- 69
B Wiesberger (Austria)
-2 70 -
-
- 70
Z Johnson (US)
-2 70 -
-
- 70
P Mickelson (US)
-2 70 -
-
- 70
R Fowler (US)
-2 70 -
-
- 70
M Leishman (Aus) -2 70 -
-
- 70
L Oosthuizen (SA) -1 71 -
-
-
71
V Singh (Fiji)
-1 71 -
-
-
71
S Kodaira (Japan)
-1 71 -
-
-
71
C Smith (Aus)
-1 71 -
-
-
71
X Schauffele (US)
-1 71 -
-
-
71
K Kisner (US)
E 72 -
-
- 72
F Couples (US)
E 72 -
-
- 72
T Fleetwood (Eng) E 72 -
-
- 72
F Molinari (It)
E 72 -
-
- 72
K Stanley (US)
E 72 -
-
- 72
D Ghim (US, a)
E 72 -
-
- 72
C Schwartzel (SA)
E 72 -
-
- 72
J Rose (Eng)
E 72 -
-
- 72
B Watson (US)
+1 73 -
-
- 73
B Harman (US)
+1 73 -
-
- 73
D Johnson (US)
+1 73 -
-
- 73
J Walker (US)
+1 73 -
-
- 73
T Pieters (Bel)
+1 73 -
-
- 73
R Henley (US)
+1 73 -
-
- 73
B Grace (SA)
+1 73 -
-
- 73
T Potter Jr (US)
+1 73 -
-
- 73
D Berger (US)
+1 73 -
-
- 73
J Duffner (US)
+1 73 -
-
- 73
T Woods (US)
+1 73 -
-
- 73
Other scores US unless stated
73: H Matsuyama (Japan). 74: A Noren (Swe),
T Hatton (Eng), B Langer (Ger), S Lyle (Sco),
M Kaymer (Ger), J Thomas, J M Olazabal
(Sp), B DeChambeau, W Bryan, A Cook, R
Moore, P Casey, I Poulter (both Eng)
75: P Cantlay, Kim Si-woo (S Kor), J Day
(Aus), M Fitzpatrick, D Willett (both Eng). 76:
W Simpson, Y Ikeda (Japan), Niemann
(Chile), L Mize, � Cabrera (Arg), B Horschel, D
Redman C Reavie, P Kizzire,M Weir (Can), B
Steele. 77: J Vegas (Ven);K Chappell; D
Frittelli (SA), S Sharma (India). 78: M O?Meara,
T Immelman (SA), R Fisher (Eng). 79: Lin
Yuxin (China) I Woosnam (Wales); K
Aphibarnrat (Thai). 81: S Garc韆 (Sp); M
Parziale (a). 86: H Ellis (Eng, a).
Friday April 6 2018 | the
t e times
th
2G M
Sport
Arsenal take charge
Ramsey scores twice in 4-1
Europa League first-leg win
Sports newspaper of the year
Henry Winter, pages 66-67
JONATHAN ERNST/GETTY IMAGES
Plastic pitch
for Lord?s
Garc韆?s
Masters
misery
exclusive
Elizabeth Ammon
Lord?s will install a partially plastic
pitch on its main square within the next
month. The ground is then set to
become the first to host a professional
county cricket match on a surface that
is not 100 per cent natural grass.
The new surface, which contains
loops of plastic inserted under the soil,
will be laid at the end of the square on
the Grand Stand side and will be used
for the first time in a match between
MCC and MCC young cricketers on
May 2. It could then be used by Middlesex for a limited-overs match later this
season.
One of the challenges for county and
Test-match groundsmen is the sheer
Alasdair Reid Augusta
Continued on page 63
Sergio Garc韆?s defence of his Masters
title was effectively ended in the first
round when he took an astonishing 13
shots at the par-five 15th, the joint highest score at any hole in Masters history.
The Spaniard, who was two over par
when he stood on the tee, walked off the
green at ten over after putting five
successive shots into the water.
Garc韆 named his daughter Azalea
after the 13th hole at Augusta following
his victory against Justin Rose in a playoff 12 months ago, which allowed him to
claim his first major title at the 74th
attempt. He had made an eagle three at
the 15th in his final round.
Garc韆 recovered to birdie the parthree 16th but finished his round on
nine over par, joint 85th in the 87-man
field and with hopes of a second successive title at Augusta National in tatters.
Tiger Woods, who has recovered
from back surgery and is bidding for his
first major since 2008, opened with a 73,
one over par. Rory McIlroy is in a tie for
fourth at three under, three shots
behind Jordan Spieth, the first-round
leader. The 2015 champion had a 66, six
under par.
Clubs look to
curb agents
exclusive
Matt Hughes, Martyn Ziegler
Premier League clubs will discuss
moves to clamp down on agents at their
shareholders? meeting next Friday after
a year-long investigation into their
working practices.
The Times has learnt that club chief
executives and heads of recruitment
have been looking at the issue for the
past 12 months and are ready to report
their findings. The aim is to impose
stricter regulations on the fees charged
by agents and the ways they operate.
The proposals include capping
agents? fees and prohibiting dual representation, whereby an agent can act for
the player and a club in a transfer.
Figures released by the FA this week
revealed that Premier League clubs
The Masters, pages 68-71
Continued on page 67
Times Crossword 27,005
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2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
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12
13
14
15
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18
19
21
22
20
23
24
25
27
26
28
across
down
1 Blue shed on hill (8)
5 Stores spoken of somewhere in SW
London (6)
10 Car maintenance business? It
doesn?t make much (7,8)
11 Trash rough sketch after fuss (10)
13 Italian tenor losing line in musical
(4)
15 Invitation to copy talks without
constraint (4,3)
17 Small seals close to shore showing
cunning (7)
18 Dock replacing terminal with large
screen (7)
19 An agreement earlier in the day to
back religious ?gure (7)
21 German playwright has British cast
to be authentic (4)
22 Meeting, not for reorganising plant
(10)
25 Only a little time at the top for this
of?cer? (6-2-7)
27 Bolts used for front parts of cars (6)
28 Maybe Cupid?s period of in?uence
precious, we say (8)
1 Such extremely penetrating new
?uid is what bowl contains (7)
2 County, in short, that?s declared?
(3)
3 Cooked sliced ham about right for a
December festival (10)
4 Deal with old shirts piled up (3,2)
6 Row away from river to get ?t (4)
7 What vanilla has? Very close! (7,2,2)
8 Pen on table for writer of elegance
(7)
9 America?s masculine
representation, one for export (5,3)
12 Sweet white wines no great shakes?
(11)
14 Top player?s aim, playing with
England (7,3)
16 Listener?s commonly getting the
shakes in small cup (8)
18 Needing evening out, stopped
around mid-afternoon (7)
20 One changes ?nale in Debussy
piece, but not the opening (7)
23 Recess in cliff-side road, corner half
obscured (5)
24 Competitive, the last to move up,
one of two that could be capped (4)
26 Measure of land is for more than
one (3)
Yesterday?s solution 27,004
M
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O I L
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L I MB E
O E
ONOR
OMB
B E
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D GA S K
I
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E N T OUR
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C A L
H
H
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I T E R A T
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S
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I S T
A
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C O N
H A ND S D
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y(7HB7E2*OTSMPR( |||+=!&
ting, which starts early
this morning.
At the centre of the discussions will
be the engine regulations. The new
owner wants to make the sport more
competitve, particularly for smaller
teams, and part of that involves reducing costs.
That starts with simplifying the engines. Ferrari, Mercedes, Renault and
Honda have invested millions in the
present engine and are not keen on
fresh regulations for a new one. But the
sport needs more engine suppliers and
companies such as Aston Martin and
Porsche are waiting on the sidelines.
Customer teams such as McLaren and
Red Bull want to start conversations
with a potential new engine provider as
soon as possible.
Ferrari have threatened to abandon
the sport, and there is talk that the
team?s veto could be taken away ?
something that would surely nudge
them towards the door. But
increasingly, sentiment in the paddock
seems to be that the sport can survive
without the Scuderia.
So Hamilton is happy to wait for
more information. He claims the
drivers have little say in the future of the
sport but the new owner has made it
clear that it wants the drivers to be stars,
and there is no one bigger than the
four-times world champion.
?It comes at a good time as I haven?t
put pen to paper,? Hamilton said. ?It is
important we take our time because
you should never rush anything,?
the times | Friday April 6 2018
63
1G M
Cricket Sport
ALAMY
continued from back
Lord?s to install plastic pitch
number of matches being played on
their squares, which inevitably means
lower-quality pitches, particularly in
the middle of the square, where
televised matches are played.
The new technology mirrors that
used at Premier League football
grounds and at Wembley Stadium. It
produces pitches of consistently higher
quality even after significant use.
More than 90 per cent of the pitch
will still be grass but loops of plastic
yarn are inserted into the ground using
a laser-guided stitching machine that
helps to bind the roots of the grass together. To the naked eye, the pitch
looks just like a regular cricket strip
because the ends of the plastic yarn
which come up through the surface
blend in with the natural grass.
The addition of plastic means the
pitches do not deteriorate as quickly, so
several Twenty20 or 50-over matches
can be played on one pitch without it
becoming worn and slow. The pitches
are also relatively cheap, at about
�000, and although their use for
cricket is in its infancy, they are expected to last around ten years before
having to be replaced. The technology
could also be used for the bowlers? runups at either end of the pitch, which
would help to reduce the wear and tear
to those parts of the outfield.
Partially plastic pitches will not be
used for Test or first-class matches,
however, because they do not deteriorate appropriately and are not sanctioned by the International Cricket
Council. The ECB is almost certain to
give the go-ahead for them to be used
for limited-overs county cricket, particularly given the need for pitches of con-
The hybrid
pitch is to be
installed on the
Grand Stand
side at Lord?s
Where pitch will be
90%
Minimum proportion of
grass in the new
partially plastic pitch
sistently good quality in the new T20
tournament. The number of matches to
be played on the ?television pitches? in
the middle of the square is set to increase from 2020, when the ECB?s citybased tournament begins. That is on
top of some NatWest T20 Blast matches and all England internationals.
One option is to develop drop-in
pitches, but these cost at least ten times
more than hybrid pitches. There is also
scepticism about whether they produce
good cricket.
Lord?s is not the first ground to install
a hybrid pitch. Edgbaston put one on
the edge of the square 18 months ago,
although it cannot be used for firstteam matches because it is too close to
the boundary. It has, however, been
used for practice and early signs are
that hybrid surfaces offer more pace
and bounce than traditional English
pitches. During last year?s day-night
Test, several England bowlers used the
hybrid strip to practise on and reported
that it had much more carry and
bounce than they were expecting.
Warwickshire intend to start using
How it works
Natural grass
Upper root
zone (sand
and soil)
Grass
roots
Yarn
Lower root
zone (sand)
the pitch for age-group and second XI
cricket this year with a view to inserting
a hybrid pitch in the middle of the
square for use in county cricket in 2019.
Worcestershire have a hybrid surface
in their nets area and the ECB has two
at its national performance centre in
Loughborough.
This MCC move is their latest
attempt at innovation in the game. The
club were the first to experiment with
pink balls for day-night cricket and
have had a drop-in pitch on the nursery
ground for many years.
64
1G M
Friday April 6 2018 | the times
Sport Football
Alexander-Arnold
comes of age to
repay Klopp?s faith
Paul Joyce Northern Football Correspondent
T
here is a story about Trent AlexanderArnold, a tale of which he might not
even be aware, that perfectly
encapsulates the teenager?s standing as
one of football?s wunderkinds.
In January, when Liverpool pushed to bring
forward Naby Ke飔a?s move to Anfield to offset
Philippe Coutinho?s transfer to Barcelona, RB
Leipzig officials responded with a request of
their own. The Bundesliga club suggested that a
deal involving Alexander-Arnold would be one
solution to smoothing Ke飔a?s early arrival before
his � million transfer on July 1.
Liverpool dismissed the idea, and with it their
hopes of landing the Guinea midfielder ahead of
schedule. Yet Leipzig?s interest, coupled with
Liverpool?s intransigence, speaks volumes for a
player who is destined to go places regardless.
After Alexander-Arnold?s coming-of-age
performance in nullifying Manchester City?s
Leroy San� in Wednesday?s 3-0 Champions
League quarter-final, first-leg success, he found
himself name-checked by Pep Guardiola, the
City manager. Gareth Southgate mentioned the
19-year-old right back when announcing his last
England squad and, before the friendly with
Holland last month, Alexander-Arnold was
drafted into a training session at St George?s
Park where he did not look out of place. One
bookmaker yesterday installed him as 7-4 on to
go to the World Cup.
Southgate was at Anfield on Wednesday and
will have been impressed by how AlexanderArnold checked his natural urge to surge
forward in favour of a disciplined approach to
handling San�. For someone who was supposed
to be the weak link, having been exposed by
Marcus Rashford and Wilfried Zaha in recent
matches, the youngster delivered a masterclass.
?He has had a bit of criticism recently and I
thought he answered his critics in emphatic
fashion,? Neil Critchley said. The manager of
Liverpool?s under-23 side has helped the
development of the player and speaks to him
regularly. ?He has a real steely determination
about him. He has something inside him that
says, ?OK. I will prove you wrong?.
?It was a different type of performance from
him. You associate Trent with flying forward
and getting crosses in.
?He was questioned with what he?s been
questioned about ? his defending. He had to do
a lot of it and I thought he did it extremely well.
?You could see early on that City had told
San� to stay wide and they were trying to get
the ball out to him. It looked like they had
targeted that as a possible chance for them to
get on top of Trent and give him problems. But
he showed a real discipline, composure and
calmness. He was really intelligent with the way
he defended. I was really pleased for him.
?The test for him now is to reproduce that. If
you want to be a top player you need to do that
again and again. Can he go and do it again? I
am pretty sure he can.?
Alexander-Arnold, who was six when his
name was pulled out of a hat at St Matthew?s
Primary School to attend a competition at
Liverpool from where he was subsequently
signed by the club, is fortunate that he has
J黵gen Klopp by his side.
It is not difficult to
think of some
managers who
would have tossed
him aside after those
recent aberrations. After all,
without the injured Joe Gomez, Klopp could
have brought in Nathaniel Clyne, or shifted
James Milner to full back.
?You have to give such credit to the manager,?
Critchley said. ?The easy thing after Trent?s last
few performances was to leave him out. He
didn?t and Trent paid him back. I wish there
were a lot more managers in the Premier
League who showed faith in young
English players like that because there
are more players like Trent who just
don?t get that time, that faith, that
trust.?
However, the emphasis for
improvement comes from within.
In the aftermath of the 2-1 defeat
by Manchester United last
month when he was caught on
the wrong side of Rashford for
the opening goal, AlexanderArnold took to social media to
apologise for his performance. Less
well known is the fact that he paid a
visit to Alex Inglethorpe, the academy
director, to garner advice. ?He has been in
to speak to Alex,? Critchley said. ?They have
a very good relationship.
?He still sees himself as one of us. I don?t
think he sees himself as an established firstteam player yet. And that is one of the best
qualities he has. He doesn?t think he has made it
and it?s, ?I don?t need you, I don?t need to listen
to you now?. That is what makes him the player
he is and, hopefully, the player he will become.?
San� will be looking to strike back in the
second leg, yet Alexander-Arnold will no
longer be dismissed quite so lightly.
Neville: fatigue no excuse
Molly Hudson
Phil Neville has taken a leaf out of Sir
Alex Ferguson?s book as he prepares for
his first game on home soil as England
women?s manager in tonight?s World
Cup qualifier against Wales in
Southampton.
Wales lead the group by one point,
having played a game more than
Neville?s side, but they dropped points
in a draw away to Russia, while England
have won their opening three games.
But, as the domestic season reaches its
climax, Neville has made it clear that he
has little sympathy for complaints
about fatigue, a philosophy that he has
adopted from his former manager at
Manchester United.
?If you want to be a top player you?ve
got to be able to play Saturday, Wednes-
day, Saturday, Wednesday for your
club, and then go away with England
and produce it at the top level,? he said.
?If anyone doesn?t want that, then you
shouldn?t be playing for England. I want
players with the mentality who say, ?I?m
going to train every day and I?m going
to play in these big games and have the
robustness and toughness.? That?s what
I learnt playing at Manchester United.?
Neville takes his team to Bosnia and
Herzegovina on Tuesday and two
victories this week would keep his side
well on course for a place in next
summer?s World Cup finals in France.
England (possible; 4-3-3): K Bardsley ? L Bronze,
S Houghton, A McManus, D Stokes ? K Walsh,
T Duggan, M Lawley ? F Kirby, E White, J Taylor.
Wales (possible; 4-2-3-1): L O?Sullivan ? L Dykes,
R Roberts, S Ingle, H Ladd ? A James, A Griffiths ? N
Harding, J Fishlock, R Rowe ? K Green.
Television Live on BBC Two, kick-off 7pm.
Euro date with
Italy for England
England, the hosts, will face Israel, Italy
and Switzerland at the European
Under-17 Championship next month
after yesterday?s draw, which was made
by Wayne Rooney, the former England
captain. England were runners-up in
last year?s competition in Croatia,
defeated by Spain in a penalty shootout.
Steve Cooper?s side will take part in
the curtain-raiser in group A against
Israel at Chesterfield on May 4. They
then play Italy at Walsall on May 7 and
Switzerland at Rotherham on May 10.
The final will also take place at Rotherham, on May 20.
Group A England, Switzerland, Italy, Israel.
Group B Slovenia, Norway, Portugal, Sweden.
Group C Ireland, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Denmark,
Belgium.
Group D Serbia, Holland, Germany, Spain.
I would take
him to the
World Cup
Tony
Cascarino
T
rent Alexander-Arnold
should be in England?s
World Cup squad. He might
be only 19 but that performance
against Manchester City showed
just how much he has improved.
We knew about his attacking
strengths ? he has pace, is a
good crosser of the ball and can
score the odd goal. But in recent
games he has been exposed
defensively by Manchester
United?s Marcus Rashford and
Wilfred Zaha, of Crystal Palace.
With that in mind, the way that
he dominated Leroy San�, one of
Where he excels
Chances created per 90 minutes
by right backs
Davide Zappacosta Chelsea
Florent Hadergjonaj
Huddersfield
Trent Alexander-Arnold
C閐ric Soares Southampton
7.03
5.35
4.79
4.57
Tackles per 90min by right backs
Serge Aurier Tottenham
Cuco Martina Everton
Pablo Zabaleta West Ham
Kyle Naughton Swansea
Alexander-Arnold
Alexander-Arnold,
pictured in his school
days with the former
Liverpool captain
Steven Gerrard, top,
could win a place in
England?s World Cup
squad for Russia
3.24
3
2.94
2.7
2.54
the best wingers in Europe, was
so impressive. He had worked on
his game, analysed his opponent
and produced a display of quality
and great maturity.
England are too cautious with
young talent ? get them on the
pitch, let them make mistakes,
learn and improve.
Theo Walcott was taken to the
2006 World Cup as a 17-year-old
and never played. In some ways it
summed up his career, constantly
changing positions and being
dropped. J黵gen Klopp could
have played James Milner
at right back or rushed
Nathaniel Clyne back
into the side. But he put
his faith in a 19-year-old
who had made mistakes
and he was rewarded.
?Game saved me from gang?
Tim Nash
A Shrewsbury Town defender in this
weekend?s Checkatrade Trophy final
has told how football helped him to
escape a life of gang violence after his
brother was brutally stabbed.
Omar Beckles, who has been selected for the squad to take on Lincoln City
at Wembley on Sunday, said that he
wanted to help inspire other youngsters
to stay out of trouble.
The defender, who grew up in
Walthamstow, north London, is setting
up a foundation that will work with
schools to discourage pupils from joining inner-city gangs.
Beckles?s brother, Aaron, was stabbed
on his way to a party, escaping a potentially fatal blow by millimetres, while a
friend was stabbed nine times in the
same incident. Many of the 50 people
murdered in the capital so far this year
have been teenagers and Beckles, 26,
admits that he could have easily taken
the wrong path if he had followed some
of his peers.
?Definitely . . . we were born in an
area that was heavily gang-related in
Walthamstow . . . football paved the
way for us to get out of it and my brother
had trials with Southampton and Gillingham.
?He didn?t make it as a pro but football was a distraction which enabled us
to distance ourselves.?
Having recovered from their ordeal
several years ago, Beckles?s brother and
his friend will be at Wembley cheering
him on this Sunday. ?They?re going to
be at the stadium, which is great,? he
said.
the times | Friday April 6 2018
65
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Sport
Players hid in aisle during bus attack
6 Uefa charges Liverpool over crowd trouble outside Anfield 6 City ask why coach?s route was revealed by police in advance
CARL RECINE/REUTERS
Martyn Ziegler, Paul Joyce
Manchester City players scrambled
into the aisle of their coach for fear of
being hurt as beer bottles and flares
were thrown at it as they approached
Anfield on Wednesday night.
Pep Guardiola and other City
officials are furious with Merseyside
police for failing to stop a number of
Liverpool fans throwing missiles at the
team bus as it arrived for the
Champions League quarter-final first
leg. The City manager sarcastically
thanked Liverpool security staff and
police after he got off the coach, which
had a smashed front windscreen and a
shattered driver?s door. The vehicle was
so badly damaged that City had to
request another coach to take them
home after the 3-0 defeat.
?Thanks for protecting us. Thank
you very much. Thanks for what you
have done,? Guardiola said, as shown in
footage obtained by the Spanish TV
station Gol. ?Shame [on you].?
Manel Estiarte, Guardiola?s assistant,
posted a separate video on Instagram
from inside the coach in which cans,
bottles and other objects can be heard
striking the windows. Red smoke filled
the air as the bus turned on to Anfield
Road, where crowds had gathered for
two hours awaiting the City squad?s
arrival, and the attack began.
It is understood that several players
felt unsafe and moved to the centre of
the bus. There were fears that more
panes of glass on the vehicle could shatter on to the players and staff members.
Uefa announced yesterday that it
had charged Liverpool for four
breaches of article 16 of its disciplinary
code. The charges relate to the setting
off of fireworks, throwing objects, acts
of damage and crowd disturbances. A
hearing will take place on May 31 and
Liverpool can expect a large fine.
The attack appeared to have been
premeditated ? the ?coach greeting?
had been widely advertised on social
media with the aim of intimidating City.
City?s gripe is not with Liverpool, but
with Merseyside police. The club are
puzzled as to why the police released a
statement on the afternoon of the
match detailing the coach?s route,
which was different to normal.
The usual route could not be used
because of ?safety? concerns, according
to Merseyside police. The Times understands that the police feared that fans
would climb scaffolding on nearby
buildings and throw objects on to the
top of the bus. There were also fears
that the scaffolding could collapse.
City?s coach
comes
under attack
as it arrives
at Anfield
City?s route to Anfield
Goodison Park
Priory Road
Change in route
announced by
Merseyside police
hours before kick-off
Liverpool still hoping Salah
will be fit for second leg
Walton Lane
Paul Joyce
Stanley Park
Manchester City?s
usual route
Arkles Lane
Anfield
City?s coach comes
under attack outside
Arkles public house
200 yards
Police appealed yesterday for
mobile-phone footage in the hope that
it could help them to identify those
responsible. One police officer suffered
cuts as a result of the smashed glass and
another was struck by an object.
Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain, scorer of
Liverpool?s second goal, said the atmosphere in the stadium during the match
unnerved City. ?City are an amazing
football team but they are only human
and you put anyone in a pressure
environment in an atmosphere like that
and maybe it can disturb them,? he said.
Vincent Kompany insists that City
can win by four clear goals in Tuesday?s
second leg to progress. ?There?s not one
single person at Manchester City who
believes this game is over,? said the City
captain, whose team can win the
Premier League by beating Manchester
United tomorrow.
Rearranged fixtures mean
toughest run-in for Brighton
Berahino made to train with
under-23s after late arrival
Chris Hughton says Brighton & Hove
Albion have the toughest run-in of any
side in the Premier League after fixture
changes left them facing Manchester
United, Manchester City and Liverpool
in the final nine days of the season.
Their game at the Etihad Stadium has
been rescheduled for Wednesday May 9
and sits between a home game against
United on May 4 and a trip to Anfield on
May 13, the final day of the campaign.
?It?s a tough end to the season,? said
Hughton, whose team are 13th, six points
above the bottom three. ?It?s also an
exciting one, of course. But does it put
more pressure on? Yes, it does.
?I?d say we now have the toughest
run-in of all the teams, so we must make
sure we?re in the right frame of mind to
go into every game. We all know what?s
at stake . . . to get the points we need to
stay in this division as soon as possible.?
Saido Berahino has been sent to train
with Stoke City?s under-23s over his poor
timekeeping. The � million striker
arrived late for an under-23s game
against Aston Villa on Easter Monday,
and Paul Lambert, the manager, ordered
the 24-year-old to train away from the
senior squad preparing for home game
against Tottenham Hotspur tomorrow.
Berahino, who is believed to have been
further disciplined for the incident,
signed for Stoke from West Bromwich
Albion 15 months ago but has been a
disappointment and has failed to score in
two seasons.
The news comes after Lambert told
Ibrahim Afellay, the Dutch playmaker, to
stay away from the club for the rest of
the season over a disciplinary matter,
while Erik Pieters, the left back, was
fined after being pictured on a night out
less than 24 hours before a game.
Liverpool are confident that Mohamed
Salah is not seriously injured and will
monitor his fitness before deciding
whether he can play in the Champions
League quarter-final second leg against
Manchester City on Tuesday.
While it is unlikely that the Egypt
forward will be risked against Everton
in tomorrow?s Merseyside derby,
J黵gen Klopp does not believe he will
be out for long. Salah was substituted,
primarily as a precaution because of a
groin problem, early in the second half
on Wednesday with Liverpool leading
3-0. He had opened the scoring with his
38th goal of the season.
Nathaniel Clyne, Danny Ings,
Dominic Solanke and Alberto Moreno
could all feature against Everton as
Klopp rotates his squad before the
second leg at the Etihad Stadium.
Meanwhile, James Milner will not
reverse his decision to retire from
international duty with England
despite excelling in front of Gareth
Southgate against his former club. The
midfielder believes that he has
benefited from ending his 61-cap
England career after Euro 2016 and will
not make himself available for selection
again.
Milner feels that England under
Southgate will continue to look to
youth and the 32-year-old has been
helped by the time off that he has been
granted by Klopp during the
international breaks.
Southgate saw an all-England midfield trio of Milner, Jordan Henderson
and Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain help to
propel Liverpool to victory over City.
The England manager had tried to
persuade Milner to come out of retirement when he took over from Sam
Allardyce in September 2016, believing
his experience would be invaluable.
66
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Friday April 6 2018 | the times
Sport Europa League
Outstanding 謟il
leaves Arsenal on
brink of semi-final
Henry Winter
Chief Football
Writer
Arsenal
Ramsey 9, 28, Lacazette 23 (pen), 35
CSKA Moscow
Golovin 15
4
0
2
1
Mesut 謟il delivered one of those
magical performances that he is
frequently capable of when given a yard
of space by lesser opposition. Arsenal
supporters sang his praises for long
spells of this game, grateful for the
uplifting moments of technical
brilliance from their No 11 in a period of
sustained difficulty for the club.
謟il was involved in all four goals, a
brace each for Aaron Ramsey and
Alexandre Lacazette, and the only
disappointment on the night was the
knee injury suffered by Henrikh
Mkhitaryan and that 謟il?s excellence
was not rewarded with a goal.
?He enjoys [playing] and I hope you
enjoy [watching him] because you see a
great football player,? Ars鑞e Wenger
said. ?When you love football, that?s
what you want to see.?
Because of the scale of his talent,
people understandably want to see
more from 謟il. When he is in this sort
of irrepressible, commanding form, his
exceptional manipulation of the ball is
devastating. His vision and precision
brought him three more assists.
There will always be criticism of 謟il
from those who like their footballers
more animated, and he still needs more
significant returns in the heavyweight
contests, as those who looked for him in
the Carabao Cup final against
Manchester City will attest, but on
nights like this he is the quiet destroyer,
refined and ruthless.
Arsenal would be so much the poorer
without him. His decision to renew his
vows at the Emirates drew widespread
relief among supporters fearing the loss
of the brightest jewel. If he had left
them, as Alexis S醤chez did, the crisis
would have deepened.
謟il knows that his gifts belong in the
Champions League and he seems
almost on a mission to ensure that
Arsenal win the Europa League and
return to Europe?s top table. There was
more of a buzz around the Emirates last
night, even though the stadium was far
from full, and even national radio
broadcasters resisted the opportunity
to relay events live, but Arsenal seem
liberated from their domestic woes.
They were far too open at times, and
their defence far too shaky, and they
will need to tighten up against opponents of the quality of Atletico Madrid.
The thought of Shkodran Mustafi
against Diego Costa or Antoine
Griezmann is enough to cause palpitations among Arsenal fans.
Even an average Russian side
troubled their team, and would have
made next week?s second leg more of a
contest had their shooting been better.
If CSKA Moscow had fielded more
players of the calibre of Aleksandr
Golovin, Arsenal would not be on the
cusp of the last four.
But Arsenal had 謟il and CSKA
could not handle him. He began on the
right of Wenger?s 4-2-3-1 system but
was soon drifting inside, linking and
creating. CSKA gave him far too much
room and respect, and he duly dissected their defence time after time. It
was not simply his technique that punished CSKA. He was a master of deception, wrongfooting opponents with a
flick of the hips. He read his teammates? movement expertly, whether
H閏tor Beller韓 down the right or
Aaron Ramsey through the middle.
Ramsey began the scoring, following
a sweeping Arsenal move, with the
hosts seemingly aggrieved that an
effort by their Welsh No 8 had just been
ruled out for a phantom offside.
Mkhitaryan cut in from the left, and
worked the ball inside to 謟il, who
spent the game assuming clever
positions. Such is his confidence in his
touch that 謟il instantly played the ball
first time, delivering it through traffic to
Jack Wilshere. Arsenal?s No 10 had the
experienced figure of Vasili Berezutski
close by, so he calmly laid the ball to
謟il (probably Wilshere?s best contribution as he was too wasteful with the
ball at other times).
Arsenal suddenly quickened the pace
of the attack, with 謟il immediately
picking the right option, releasing
Beller韓. Noting the ragged lines of
CSKA?s defence, Beller韓 drilled the ball
across and Ramsey did the rest, rifling
past Igor Akinfeev. Ramsey understandably received the plaudits but this
goal, like so many in the first half, was
stamped with 謟il?s unique imprint.
Arsenal?s defence was not convincing
at any point during the first half, and
they duly conceded a goal when Laurent Koscielny fouled Golovin, a rather
naive challenge for such an
experienced defender. Golovin ? such
a talent ? punished Arsenal with a
wonderful free kick, up and over,
clearing a token leap from Ramsey, and
leaving Petr Cech helpless.
Arsenal stayed calm and gave the ball
to 謟il. The German exchanged passes
with Mkhitaryan and
ventured down the
inside-right
Lacazette
celebrates
scoring his
first goal,
a penalty
kick, to
make it 2-1
Watch the
highlights
Enjoy the goals and
key moments from
last night?s match
at the Emirates
Go to thetimes.co.uk/sport
or the Times app
or tablet edition
channel. The ball was slightly ahead of
him but he scampered gainfully after it.
His hopes of reaching it were clumsily
ended by Georgi Schennikov diving in
and bringing 謟il down. Lacazette
made short work of the penalty,
sending Akinfeev the wrong way.
Arsenal?s third was the best of the
bunch, one of the finest goals seen here
this season. Inevitably, a certain person
was involved. After Lacazette and
Nacho Monreal combined on the left,
謟il very elegantly curled the ball
across for the unmarked Ramsey to
meet it on the run with a balletic leap,
steering the ball with the outside of his
right boot over Akinfeev and in. It was
a goal of great beauty, rooted in
Ramsey?s invention and athleticism,
and in 謟il?s awareness.
The fourth soon arrived. Granit
Xhaka released the ubiquitous 謟il
down the left, and his measured cutback arrowed perfectly to Lacazette.
The Frenchman controlled the ball
instantly with his right and finished
emphatically with his left.
The Arsenal fans were loving this
performance from 謟il in particular
and there was a standing ovation from
one corner when he chased a lost cause
down the line. When 謟il then popped
up deep in his own half and flicked the
ball away from two Russians, the
Emirates almost dissolved in joy.
謟il was everywhere, tricking his
way past Konstantin Kuchaev on the
left, and then appearing on the right
and sending a low shot in but straight at
Akinfeev. He then started a move that
ended with Ramsey striking a post.
Another goal or two would not have
flattered Arsenal but nothing was going
to stop the 200 or so CSKA fans from
singing, and about 80 of the hardier
male souls ended the game stripped to
the waist. The Bolshoi it wasn?t. The real
entertainment was supplied by a
German conductor.
Arsenal (4-2-3-1): P Cech 6 ? H Beller韓 7, S Mustafi 5,
L Koscielny 5, N Monreal 6 ? A Ramsey 7 , G Xhaka 5 ?
H Mkhitaryan 7 (sub: A Iwobi 61min, 5), J Wilshere 6
(sub: M Elneny 74), M 謟il 8 ? A Lacazette 7 (sub: D
Welbeck 74). Substitutes not used M Macey, R Holding,
C Chambers, S Kolasinac. Booked Xhaka, Beller韓.
CSKA Moscow (3-1-4-2) I Akinfeev 5 ? V Berezutski 5,
S Ignashevich 5, A Berezutski 5 ? B Natcho 5 (sub: G
Milanov 74) ? K Kuchayev 5, A Dzagoev 6 (sub: Vitinho
64, 5), A Golovin 7, G Shchennikov 6 ? P Wernbloom 5,
A Musa 6 (sub: K Khosonov 82). Substitutes not used
I Pomazun, K Bistrovic, F Chalov, T Zhamaletdinov.
Booked Schennikov, Dzagoev, Musa, Akinfeev.
Referee P Kr醠ovec (Cz).
Ramsey scored
his second
goal by flicking
the ball over
Akinfeev in
the CSKA goal
Wenger hails ?special? goal
Gary Jacob
Ars鑞e Wenger praised the quality of
Aaron Ramsey?s second goal in the win
over CSKA Moscow as the midfielder
continued his prolific recent form in
front of goal.
Ramsey?s audacious first-time volley
over goalkeeper Igor Akinfeev was his
sixth goal in his past seven games,
which was as many as in his previous 36
appearances. ?It was a great goal, I have
seen some great goals recently, and
they matter at this point of the season,?
Wenger said. ?Ramsey was at the end of
many things tonight, got two, and one
special one.?
Arsenal?s victory was tempered by a
knee injury to Henrikh Mkhitaryan,
who will miss Sunday?s home game
against Southampton. He will have a
scan today to determine the extent
of the injury that caused him to be
substituted just after the hour mark.
Wenger claimed that David Ospina had
sprained an ankle in training on the eve
of the game when the goalkeeper
moved backwards under no contact but
had also hinted that Petr Cech would
start the game, despite usually
swapping goalkeepers for cup games.
Ospina was close to leaving the club
last summer and will have a year left on
his contract at the end of the season,
when he is expected to leave. ?He will
be out for two to three weeks,? Wenger
said. ?Yesterday we were scared for a
very serious injury, but today the scan
was reassuring.?
Wenger said that his message to his
team at half-time had been not to concede another away goal. ?It was a spectacular first half played at a high pace,
but uncomfortable, and I was worried
we could concede another,? he said.
?We have done enough of a job.?
the times | Friday April 6 2018
67
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Sport
TIMES PHOTOGRAPHER MARC ASPLAND
continued from back
Clubs look to curb agents
paid �1 million to agents last year, a 21
per cent increase on the previous 12
months, and there is a growing appetite
among some clubs to confront what
many view as an unnecessary waste
and an impediment to good business
practice. The initiative to set up the
working group came from the clubs
rather than having been imposed by the
Premier League.
Dual representation used to be illegal
in England, but has been permitted
since Fifa deregulated the industry in
2015, leading to an explosion of the
practice and a huge increase in the
number of FA-registered agents. A
recent analysis showed that the same
agent was acting for the club and the
player in about two thirds of transfers
and contract negotiations, but many
clubs feel that this creates potential for
conflicts of interest.
HM Revenue & Customs is also
understood to have problems with the
system as it believes it is used by players
and their agents to avoid paying tax.
In cases of dual representation it has
become common for clubs to pay the
agent?s entire fee despite Premier
League guidance stating that it
should be split 50-50 between
player and the club.
The work that an agent does
for a club is deemed to be a
service for which VAT can be
reclaimed by the club,
which is not the case for
individuals, therefore
leading to significant
savings for players.
The amount of
money spent by
Premier League clubs on agent
fees has almost doubled from
�5 million in the year before
deregulation, along with the
number of licensed agents
Barkley?s move from
Everton to Chelsea
was questioned by
the mayor of
Liverpool
increasing from 518 in 2015 to 1,800 at
present.
While Fifa?s recommendation for
agent fees is 3 per cent of the transfer
value or the player?s gross salary, they
have also risen dramatically, with Mino
Raiola reported to have received
� million
after
Paul
Pogba?s
� million transfer from Juventus to
Manchester United last year.
The Times revealed in January that
Ross Barkley?s agent was paid about
�million for his role in facilitating the
England midfield player?s � million
move from Everton to Chelsea that
month. The mayor of Liverpool, Joe
Anderson, called for a police and FA
investigation into whether ?fraud had
taken place? after the Barkley deal as
the player had pulled out of a � million transfer agreed by both clubs last
August. No investigation has taken
place and police told Anderson that
there was no evidence that a criminal
offence had occurred.
Fifa and Uefa are both conducting
investigations into agents as the issue is
recognised as a global problem, but the
Premier League?s inquiry is more
advanced. The Fifa president,
Gianni Infantino, has set up a
working party also involving
Aleksander Ceferin, his counterpart at Uefa, into the issue
after describing the rise in
agent fees as ?worrying?
inFebruary. Uefa has
calculated
that
Europe?s top clubs
have spent more than
�6 billion on agent
ffees since 2013.
While many Premier
League clubs want to
tackle the issue, the top
six are anxious to avoid
putting themselves at a
competitive disadvantage
to their European rivals.
If the clubs welcome the
working party?s findings,
proposals may be put to a
vote at their summer
meeting, with 14 clubs
required to vote in favour for
any new regulations to be
introduced.
Artificial pitches present
?negligible? risk of cancer
Martyn Ziegler Chief Sports Reporter
Talking points
By Gary Jacob
Golovin impresses
Defence still shaky
No Ramsey leeway
Ars鑞e Wenger was coy about
discussing his interest in Aleksandr
Golovin on the eve of the first leg, but
the CSKA Moscow playmaker took
his chance to showcase his talent in
front of the Frenchman. He won the
free kick that he brilliantly clipped
over the wall and into the top corner
in the 15th minute for CSKA?s goal.
He was silky, with deft close control,
and showed clever vision around the
penalty area. Everything went
through him and he often dropped
deep to collect the ball from the three
centre backs. The 21-year-old scored
twice in his first three games for
Russia. Arsenal may not be his only
suitors this summer.
Arsenal will enter the summer
transfer window in need of at least
one centre back, as has been the case
each year for the past decade. Yet
Wenger has continued to sign poorly,
from Calum Chambers to S閎astien
Squillaci and Shkodran Mustafi.
Arsenal might have conceded four
times in the first half such was their
shambolic defending at times ?
Ahmed Musa alone had three good
opportunities. Laurent Koscielny has
often been made to look ponderous
this season, due in part to a nagging
achilles problem that he manages. At
32, the injury will not get better and
he will never be the same player as he
was, while Mustafi is a liability.
Whatever Wenger says about
allowing Aaron Ramsey, who scored
twice to make it six goals in his past
seven games, to go into next season in
the final year of his contract, it is
unlikely that Arsenal will play ball.
The uncertainty over the futures of
Mesut 謟il and Alexis S醤chez left a
constant cloud over the club from the
end of last season and contributed to
a messy and chaotic end to the
transfer window. The club are
determined to take a tougher line this
summer and not allow Ramsey to
follow the example of 謟il and
S醤chez, who backed Arsenal into a
corner over their wage demands for
more than a year.
The risk of developing cancer by playing sport on artificial pitches has been
dismissed as ?virtually negligible? by
the largest study so far into the issue.
Instead, the National Institute for
Public Health and the Environment
(RIVM) in the Netherlands concluded
that playing sports on rubber granulate
? the black granules that form the base
for artificial football and rugby pitches
? was safe.
The research was commissioned
after several claims, mainly in the
United States, that the rubber granules
in the pitches could have caused cancer.
Experts studied pitches in five countries, including Britain, looking at the
effect on adults and children, outfield
players and goalkeepers, and whether
granules had been ingested. No connection was found with cancer risks.
The RIVM said that the levels of
polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
(PAHs) ? which have been shown to
be carcinogenic ? in granules are low,
but it will recommend that the European Union sets a PAH limit to prevent
future pitches being made using old
imported rubber that has high levels.
Joke Herremans, head of the RIVM?s
consumers and product safety department, told The Times: ?Part of our
research has included looking at cancer
in footballers, and there is no clear
relation. The result of our work is that
there is a negligible risk, that it?s safe to
play football on rubber crumb.
However, we want to change the
legislation in case in the future there is
far higher PAH levels than is in the
crumb right now. We want to do this as
a precaution.?
The RIVM?s research study, which
was published on its website, concludes:
?We have carried out a risk assessment
of the current situation and concluded
that playing sports on rubber granulate
is safe, as far as the effects of rubber
granulate on health are concerned. The
effect of these substances on human
health is virtually negligible.?
The findings have been accepted by
the US Environmental Protection
Agency and the European Chemicals
Agency (ECHA). Germany?s Federal
Institute for Risk Assessment said that
the results were ?substantial? but
should be regarded as preliminary findings and more research was needed.
Mark Blainey, senior scientific officer
at the ECHA, said: ?The research has
looked at goalkeepers and both professionals and children, and whether it is
ingesting granules, breathing fumes or
touching them.
?There is a very low level of concern,
less than one additional case of cancer
for every million people exposed over a
lifetime. Bearing in mind that we made
some cautious assumptions during the
risk assessment, the real risks are likely
to be even lower than that.?
68
2G M
Friday April 6 2018 | the times
Sport The Masters
Sport
Woods struggles to live up
Mike Atherton
Augusta
Tommy Fleetwood sure is popular in
these parts. They were lining up a
dozen deep a little after 10.30am local
time, as Southport?s finest was
announced on to the first tee. Any
delusions were swiftly removed,
though, when the applause for his
playing partner, ranked 103rd in the
world, drowned that of his own. No, we
were not talking at this stage about
Marc Leishman, the 34-year-old from
Warrnambool, Australia, the third
member of the group.
Tiger Woods was back, and for once
Tiger?s back was not a medical bulletin.
After four operations on his spine,
including a fusion just under a year ago
? and a year after the Champions
Dinner when he told Jack Nicklaus that
he was ?done? ? he was back. Every-
one loves a redemption story and the
patrons gave him a standing ovation as
he made his way, dressed all in black,
from the practice range to the first tee,
a reception he later described as
?incredible?.
Given his medical issues, just playing
was a triumph in itself, but the competitor in him would have wanted more
than that. They had been talking here
about the greatest sporting story of all
time, and they had all come for a
Hollywood ending. Age? That wasn?t
necessarily against him at 42, with Jack
Nicklaus, Ben Crenshaw, Mark
O?Meara and Gary Player all winners at
Augusta into their forties. But did he
still have it? The ?touch and nerve? that
Nick Faldo once said were essential
requirements for this course.
Nerves? Maybe there were a few
understandable butterflies, as his first
drive missed the fairway to the left, to
an audible groan, and the front nine
yielded just a solitary birdie, on the
short par-four 3rd. The inevitable Tiger
roar, the first of the day, was muted
when two bogeys in successive holes,
on the 4th and 5th, put him one over
Tiger Woods +1
Birdies
Pars
Bogeys
Out
Par
Score
In
Par
Score
1
4
4
10
4
4
2
5
5
11
4
5
3
4
3
12
3
4
4
3
4
13
5
5
5
4
5
14
4
3
6
3
3
15
5
5
7
4
4
16
3
2
8
5
5
17
4
4
9
4
4
18
4
4
Par 72
Out 37
In 36
Total 73
par for the front nine. Instead, it was
Leishman who made the running
initially and it said something for the
Australian that he was able to find his
best game initially under the scrutiny.
The challenges of Augusta are
plentiful, but for Fleetwood and Leishman there was the added hurdle of
coping with the hullabaloo that
surrounds Woods. If they were hoping
for a low-key round, attention focused
elsewhere, they were in the wrong
group. They should have been with last
year?s champion, Sergio Garc韆, or the
world No 2, Justin Thomas, coming up
immediately behind. Not that many
were interested in them either.
Still, it was relatively subdued by the
standards of the other tournaments
that Woods has played this year. When
Rory McIlroy played with Woods at the
Genesis Open two months ago, he said
that the ?hoopla? probably cost Woods
half a shot a day and that he himself
needed a couple of ibuprofen to cope
with the headache at the end of it all. A
quiet walk spoiled, in other words.
Here, in the controlled surroundings of
Augusta that remind you of a kind of
benign dictatorship ? no running, no
phones, no shouting and certainly no
abuse from the patrons ? no ibuprofen
was required.
After the golden oldies Nicklaus and
Player got things under way on a
beautiful, cloudless but crisp morning,
even they had to field questions about
Woods. Nicklaus was, he said,
?amazed? at his return and expected
him ?to be in the hunt?. Player, too, was
equally amazed, but by Woods?s evident
recovery from what Player called the
dreaded chipping yips. ?When you get
the yips, you die with the yips. I?ve never
thought he?d get over that,? he said.
Chipping, though, was the least of
Woods?s worries on a day when he had,
above all else, to battle and grind his
way to a score of 73, one over par. Most
of his struggles stemmed from an
inability to hit the fairway off the tee.
He missed the first cut on the 1st, 5th,
9th, 11th, 13th and 15th fairways. When
he missed, he generally missed right
and it meant that he was unable to take
advantage of the par fives that he has
treated so brutally down the years. He
hit only eight out of 14 fairways, playing
the par fives in level par.
Still, at least he wasn?t Garc韆. The
Spaniard later put an unbelievable five
balls in the water on the 15th, and so
Woods?s troubles, exacerbated at Amen
Corner, were trifling by comparison. He
arrived there shortly before two in the
afternoon, pushed his first shot on the
long par-four 11th, White Dogwood,
and then stood on the devilish 12th and
dunked his tee shot into Rae?s Creek,
where the dreams of so many have died
in the water.
At this point, his day could have gone
either way. If he does challenge in this
tournament ? and only a fool would
write him off ? he will look back on the
gutsy putt at the 12th from the front
fringe of the green as a turning point.
This putt to escape with a bogey
reminded you of one of his greatest
qualities: the ability to concentrate on
the shot in front of him,
rather than the one just
gone, and his ability to
commit to it with everything he has got.
That Woods?s competitive instincts were
still as strong as ever
was evidenced with
birdies at the 14th
and 16th ? making
putts from seven
and 22 feet ? the
latter after the
disappointment of failing
to exploit the
final par five on the course.
With all the stars aligning at the
right time, there are more sub-plots
than an Agatha Christie novel this
week, but there?s only one story anyone
wants to read: at least his last two drives
split the fairway so he goes into the
second day having put some poor
drives behind him. ?There?s a long way
to go,? he said afterwards.
Leishman faded slightly after a bright
start and it was Fleetwood who finished
the strongest of the group. At the start
of the day, as Nicklaus and Player were
applauded politely to the first tee, Fleetwood was supping coffee with his
family about 50 yards away in the clubhouse and looking like the cat that had
got the cream. He couldn?t, he told
me, have been more excited
about the prospect of playing
with Woods.
He described it as a ?cool?
experience. Woods, he said, was a
?good person to play with? and
plays ?at a good pace?. As the
pace hotted up later in the
round, so did Fleetwood?s
putter, and he made four
birdies in the final six holes
to finish level par, one
better than Woods.
He did Southport
proud. The patrons here
clearly know their stuff.
the times | Friday April 6 2018
69
2G M
Sport
Sport
to great expectations
ANDREW GOMBERT/EPA
1,089
Days since Woods last
completed a round at
the Masters
Woods plays out
of a bunker during
his round of one
over par, which
Fleetwood, far left,
bettered by a shot
THE HOME OF
LIVE FOOTBALL
WEEKEND
COMMENTARIES
Today?s tee-off times
All times BST,
US unless stated.
* denotes amateur
1.30pm Billy Horschel, Chez Reavie,
Cameron Smith (Aus)
1.41 Sandy Lyle (Scot),
Kim Si-woo (S Kor), *Doug Ghim
1.52 Trevor Immelman (SA), Ian
Poulter (Eng), Patrick Cantlay
2.03 羘gel Cabrera (Arg), Ross Fisher
(Eng), Jimmy Walker
2.14 Fred Couples, Li Hao Tong
(China), *Joaquin Niemann (Chile)
2.25 Larry Mize, Russell Henley,
Shubhankar Sharma (India)
2.36 Bernhard Langer (Ger),
Tony Finau, Yuta Ikeda (Japan)
2.47 Charl Schwartzel (SA),
Webb Simpson, *Lin Yuxin (China)
2.58 Kevin Kisner, Thomas Pieters
(Bel), Xander Schauffele
3.09 Gary Woodland, Yusaku Miyazato
(Japan), Tyrrell Hatton (Eng)
3.31 Phil Mickelson, Rickie Fowler,
Matt Kuchar
3.42 Adam Scott (Aus),
Rory McIlroy (N Ire), Jon Rahm (Sp)
3.53 Jordan Spieth, Alex Noren (Swe),
Louis Oosthuizen (SA)
4.04 Justin Rose (Eng), Dustin
Johnson, Rafael Cabrera-Bello (Sp)
4.15 Austin Cook, Ted Potter Jr,
Wesley Bryan
4.26 Ian Woosnam (Wales),
Ryan Moore, Jhonattan Vegas (Ven)
4.47 Mike Weir (Can), Brendan Steele,
*Matt Parziale
4.48 Jose Maria Olazabal (Sp),
Kevin Chappell, Dylan Frittelli (SA)
4.59 Bryson DeChambeau,
Bernd Wiesberger (Austria),
Matthew Fitzpatrick (Eng)
5.10 Mark O?Meara, Brian Harman,
*Harry Ellis (Eng)
5.32 Vijay Singh (Fiji), Satoshi Kodaira
(Japan), Daniel Berger
5.43 Kiradech Aphibarnrat (Thai),
Pat Perez, Francesco Molinari (It)
5.54 Danny Willett (Eng), Kyle Stanley,
Jason Dufner
6.05 Hideki Matsuyama (Japan),
Patton Kizzire, Paul Casey (Eng)
6.16 Zach Johnson, Martin Kaymer
(Ger), Branden Grace (SA)
6.27 Tiger Woods, Marc Leishman
(Aus), Tommy Fleetwood (Eng)
6.38 Sergio Garc韆 (Sp), Justin
Thomas, *Doc Redman
6.49 Bubba Watson,
Henrik Stenson (Swe), Jason Day (Aus)
7.00 Patrick Reed, Charley Hoffman,
Adam Hadwin (Can)
PR MIER LEAGUE
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70
2G M
Friday April 6 2018 | the times
Sport The Masters
Sport
Garc韆 takes 13 at
one hole in horror
start to defence
Alasdair Reid
d
Augusta
Sergio Garc韆 was coasting along quite
nicely when he came to the 15th tee at
Augusta. Two over for the day, he was
not exactly setting the pace at the 82nd
Masters, but neither was his title
defence dead in the water. But just a few
minutes later, spectacularly and very
literally, it was.
Five times he tried to get his ball on to
the 15th green, and five times it rolled
back into the pond that guards the
putting surface. His first effort, from
205 yards, was with a six-iron, the next
four were with a wedge. With his tee
shot, putt and penalty strokes added, he
ran up a 13, equalling the highest singlehole score in the tournament.
It was an episode that will live in
Augusta?s annals of infamy alongside
the 13s that Tommy Nakajima took at
the par-five 13th in 1978 and that Tom
Weiskopf took at the par-three 12th in
1980.
It rocketed Garc韆 down to last but
one in the 87-strong field, a situation
Weather forecast
Today
Warmer
at about
25C (78F) but
partly cloudy.
Winds S shifting
SW, 10-15mph
Tomorrow
Showers
and
possible
thunderstorms,
23C (74F). Windy
(SW/W, gusts 3035mph)
Sunday
Partly
cloudy
and cooler, highs
of about
18-19C (64-67F).
Winds NE,
10-15mph
Live TV times
Sky
Sports
Today
and tomorrow
from 7pm, Sunday
from 6pm
BBC Two
Tomorrow from
7.30pm, Sunday
from 6.30pm
online
Full Masters
leaderboard,
plus video
special: how to
win at Augusta
that was remedied not one bit by the
birdie he collected at the next hole on
his way to a round of 81. It would take a
turnaround of staggering proportions
for the 2017 champion to reach the
weekend of the 2018 event.
?I don?t know what to tell you,? the
38-year-old Spaniard said. ?It?s one of
those things. It?s the first time in my
career where I make a 13 without
missing a shot. Simple as that.
?I felt like I hit a lot of good shots and
unfortunately the ball just didn?t want
to stop. I kept hitting good shots with
the sand wedge and unfortunately, I
don?t know why, the ball just wouldn?t
stop.?
While the 2017 champion made a
dog?s breakfast of things, the 2015
winner had a sublime back nine. Jordan
Spieth was the wire-to-wire winner
three years ago, and he led for the first
three rounds in 2016 as well before his
mini-collapse allowed Danny Willett to
come up on the rails. Spieth?s course
management yesterday was superb,
and his run of five consecutive birdies
between the 13th and 17th holes was an
emphatic statement of intent.
A bogey at the last, where he found
trees to the left of the fairway and could
only pitch out backwards, knocked
Spieth back a little, but his six-underpar round of 66 was still good enough to
give him a two-shot lead at the front of
the field, with Tony Finau and Matt
Kuchar holding a share of second place.
?I told Michael [Greller, his caddie]
that I wanted to shoot three-under each
day,? said Spieth. ?It?s probably unrealistic the way Saturday [when storms are
forecast] is looking, but that will be my
goal.?
While Garc韆?s attempt to win a
second Green Jacket disappeared into
the drink, Rory McIlroy did his
prospects of winning a first no harm
whatsoever. The Northern Irishman
has sometimes been accused of trying
too hard at Augusta, of putting too
much pressure on himself to complete
his career grand slam, but there were
few signs of nerves as he birdied the
opening hole, reached the turn at one
under, and began to push on over the
back nine.
A thunderous 325-yard drive at the
par-five 13th, the easiest hole on the
course, left McIlroy with a short-iron
approach and a decent eagle chance.
He hit a loose approach to the back of
the green but still left with a birdie, then
added another at the 15th, the scene of
Garc韆?s woes, to move to three under
and on to the first page of the leaderboard. His 69 was his best first-day
score in the event.
Justin Rose, who was beaten by
Garc韆 in last year?s play-off, also made
a significant move after the turn. A
lumpy front nine, with bogeys at the 4th
and 7th, was followed by an impressive
move through Amen Corner, where
he had back-to-back birdies at 12 and
13. However, the most impressive
performance on the inward half was
probably that of Kuchar, who picked up
four birdies in his final six holes.
At one point, the outright lead
belonged to Finau. On Wednesday it
seemed that Finau?s contribution to
2018 Masters lore would begin and end
2
Other golfers who took
13 shots at a Masters
hole: Tom Weiskopf
(12th, 1980),
Tommy Nakajima
(13th, 1978)
Sergio Garc韆 +9
Birdies
Pars
Bogeys
D Bogeys+
Out
Par
Score
In
Par
Score
1
4
4
10
4
4
2
5
4
11
4
4
3
4
4
12
3
2
4
3
4
13
5
5
5
4
5
14
4
5
6
3
3
15
5
13
7
4
6
16
3
2
8
5
4
17
4
4
9
4
4
18
4
4
Par 72
Out 38
In 43
Total 81
with his overexuberant celebrations
after a hole in one at the par-three
competition.
Running
backwards,
Finau
stumbled, fell and popped his ankle.
Almost as quickly, however, he popped
it back in, and was given the all-clear to
play after a scan.
Finau has flown under the radar in
recent years, but he has had some solid
results this season. He leads the PGA
Tour?s driving distance category, and he
put his power to good use as he birdied
all four of Augusta?s par fives.
The American finished with a round
of 68, and although a clutch of other
players threatened to join him on that
mark, many were caught out on the
18th, where bogeys were far more
numerous than birdies.
Tiger Woods didn?t exactly tear the
course to pieces as he has in the past,
but a one-over round of 73 was none too
shabby and he is still firmly in contention.
But while he and Tommy Fleetwood
had to dig deep to create a score, it was
Marc Leishman, the least heralded
member of their marquee group, who
set the early pace, holding the outright
lead until he fell back with a
double bogey at the 15th after chipping
into the water.
A lot more water will flow down Rae?s
Creek and under the Hogan Bridge
before Sunday?s closing stages, but
Leishman?s bio declares him to be the
kind of player who could well be in the
mix. At 34, he is the right kind of age,
holds 16th place in the world rankings
and has real miles on the clock after
playing and winning on four continents.
the times | Friday April 6 2018
71
2G M
Sport
Sport
DJ PHILLIP/AP; MIKE SEGAR/REUTERS
Leaderboard
First round
R1 R2 R3 R4 Total
Drop of the hard stuff:
Garc韆 cut a figure of
misery as he ran up a
joint record high score
of 13 on the 15th hole
Garc韆?s water torture
augusta diary by alasdair reid
What a difference a year makes. On the same hole wher
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