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The Times - 13 April 2018

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daily newspaper of the year
Friday April 13 2018 | thetimes.co.uk | No 72508
Only �to subscribers �60
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Sport
Biggest task force since
Iraq on course for Syria
6 US-led strikes against Assad expected in days 6 Britain will join action as cabinet backs May
significant military campaign against
Assad. The USS Donald Cook, a guidedmissile destroyer with up to 60 Tomahawk missiles, is already within range.
Three other destroyers are also close
by. In addition, the USS Harry S Truman,
a nuclear-powered carrier with 90 aircraft and five escort ships, which set sail
from Norfolk, Virginia, on Wednesday,
could be included in any action by the
end of next week.
Mr Trump, who caused irritation
among his own security officials on
Wednesday by saying on social media
PM should
apologise to
ex-colonies,
says Labour
Lucy Fisher
Senior Political Correspondent
that missiles ?will be coming?, tried to
adopt a more evasive stance yesterday,
tweeting that an attack on Syria ?could
be very soon or not so soon at all?. The
White House said later that Mr Trump
had met his national security advisers
but had not made a final decision.
The fallout from the Douma attack
has brought the most dangerous standoff between Russia and the West of
modern times. Moscow has signalled
that it is likely to shoot back at US-led
missiles, warships and jets if they strike
Continued on page 9, col 5
Continued on page 6, col 4
The nuclear-powered USS Harry S Truman could be included in action against Syria after she set sail from Virginia this week
a possible Russian counterattack. Six
Typhoon jets armed with air-to-air
missiles are the primary defence of
RAF Akrotiri.
Moscow called for the United
Nations security council to meet today
to discuss Syria, as Vasily Nebenzya,
Russian ambassador to the UN, said
that the ?immediate priority is to avert
the danger of war?.
The US is amassing ten warships and
two submarines in the Mediterranean
and Gulf region. The mobilisation
will give Mr Trump the option for a
Property pullout
P
Theresa May must apologise to the
rest of the Commonwealth for Britain?s
historic wrongs, the shadow foreign
secretary has said.
In the run-up to the Commonwealth
heads of government meeting in
London next week, Emily Thornberry
called on the prime minister to seize the
opportunity to correct past mistakes
made by Britain overseas.
She acknowledged in an article for
The House magazine the apology made
by David Cameron to Nelson Mandela
in 2006 for the Tory government?s
refusal to impose sanctions on South
Africa during apartheid. She added,
however: ?That did not go far enough.?
Ms Thornberry also highlighted the
call last year by 33 Commonwealth
countries, led by Mauritius, for Britain
to be referred to the International
Court of Justice over the ?historic
wrong? done to the Chagos islanders.
The fate of the Indian Ocean
archipelago has long been a key issue
for Jeremy Corbyn. Families living on
the islands, which the UK government
refers to as British Indian Ocean
Territory, were forced by Britain to
leave in the 1960s and 1970s to make
way for a US airbase on Diego Garcia.
Mauritius has accused Britain of
breaking international law by splitting
the islands from its territory before it
gained independence, a claim that
the Foreign and Commonwealth
Office denies.
Mrs May should apologise ?not just
for the wrong done to the Chagos
islanders, but for the actions of
Margaret Thatcher in the 1980s?, Ms
Thornberry, 57, said. She added: ?I
believe Theresa May and the Conservative government in Britain also owes
an apology to the Commonwealth as a
whole ? and indeed Her Majesty the
Queen ? for ignoring the efforts of
every other member thirty years ago to
bring apartheid to an end.
?This week would be an appropriate
moment to correct that historic
mistake, and would send a wider signal
to our Commonwealth cousins that we
in the UK truly recognise that the days
are gone when our union was described
MAI/THE LIFE IMAGES COLLECTION/GETTY IMAGES
Deborah Haynes, Francis Elliott
Michael Evans, Tom Parfitt
Charles Bremner
The largest US air and naval strike force
since the 2003 Iraq war was heading
towards Syria last night as Theresa
May won the backing of the cabinet to
join in military action.
US-led strikes after the suspected
chemical weapon attack in Douma,
which left as many as 40 people dead,
are expected within the next three days.
The prime minister continued
yesterday to face down demands for a
Commons vote on whether Britain
should join the US in any punitive
action against President Assad.
Senior ministers decided it ?was vital
that the use of chemical weapons did
not go unchallenged?, according to the
official read-out from an emergency
meeting of the cabinet yesterday. It
added that they ?agreed on the need to
take action to alleviate humanitarian
distress and to deter the further use of
chemical weapons by the Assad regime?.
President Macron said that France
had proof that the Syrian regime, which
is supported by Russia and Iran, carried
out the chemical strike on the rebel-held
town of Douma, near Damascus, last
Saturday. US officials were quoted as
saying that blood and urine samples
from victims, including children, had
mainly tested positive for chlorine and
a nerve agent.
In other developments:
6 The Times understands that a
Russian anti-submarine aircraft is in
place at a Russian airbase in the west
of Syria as the Royal Navy?s attack submarines, armed with cruise missiles,
moved into striking range.
6 The Organisation for the Prohibition
of Chemical Weapons confirmed that
Sergei Skripal and his daughter, Yulia,
were poisoned with a ?high purity? strain
of novichok nerve agent in Salisbury.
6 Offensive cyberweapons will be used
by Britain and its allies as part of any
strike operation to deceive Russian and
Syrian air-defence radars, sources say.
6 Preparations were under way to
defend Britain?s airbase in Cyprus from
How to
design your
oown home
IN THE NEWS
Sir Cliff at High Court
Wine ?shortens life?
Drug gang raids
Trump ?rules by fear?
BA expansion plan
Arsenal go through
The broadcaster Lord Reith
would be ?spinning in his
grave? if he knew how the BBC
had covered the police raid on
Sir Cliff Richard?s home, the
High Court was told. Page 7
Two glasses of wine a night
could cut two years from your
life, the largest study of its
kind has concluded. Much
more than four bottles a week
can take off five years. Page 15
A sub-machinegun and pistol
have been seized and nine
arrests made in the first of a
series of raids across London
targeting gangs using children
as drug mules. Page 21
President Trump has made
the White House a ?cocoon of
alternate reality? that he rules
through fear, the former FBI
director James Comey has
said in a new book. Page 30
International Airlines Group,
the owner of British Airways,
is considering a takeover of its
budget rival Norwegian as part
of an expansion into low-cost,
long-haul flying. Page 37
A late goal from Aaron
Ramsey secured a 2-2 draw
for Arsenal at CSKA Moscow,
enough to take them to their
first Europa League semi-final
in nine years. Pages 70-71
4
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Friday April 13 2018 | the times
News
T O D AY ? S E D I T I O N
MAIN PAPER
TIMES2
London house prices fall at
fastest rate since 2009 crisis
Tom Knowles Property Correspondent
HIGH SPOT
The mid-Devon village of
Willand is mysteriously
rising by 2cm a year
CELEBRITY WATCH
Adele leads the field for getting
ordained to officiate at the
wedding of her friend Alan Carr
NEWS PAGE 17
CAITLIN MORAN PAGES 2-3
COMMENT 25
LEADING ARTICLES 29
WORLD 30
BUSINESS 37
REGISTER 53
COURT CIRCULAR 55
SPORT 62
CROSSWORD 72
TV & RADIO TIMES2
FOLLOW US
thetimes
timesandsundaytimes
thetimes
COMMENT
Poland?s economic success since it shook off
Soviet control carries lessons for the West
EDWARD LUCAS, PAGE 27
House prices in London are falling at
their fastest pace in nearly a decade,
according to Britain?s biggest mortgage
provider.
After a wave of changes to the property market, prices in the capital fell by
3.2 per cent between January and
March compared with the previous
three months. This was the sharpest
decline since 2009, at the height of the
financial crisis, a report by Halifax and
IHS Markit, the economic consultancy,
said.
The London market also suffered the
sharpest fall in prices on an annual
basis since 2011 ? 3.8 per cent in the
first three months of 2018 compared
with the same period a year ago. The
average house price in London is now
�0,749, the lowest since 2015.
Analysts say that house prices have
reached the peak of what many people
can afford, while foreign buyers and
landlords have been deterred by Brexit
uncertainty and extra property taxes.
London house prices are now 14.5 times
Noodles with sole,
spinach and soy
Japanese flavours of
soy, sake and mirin
bring extra interest to
this quick and easy
noodle soup-cumstir fry made with
sole fillets, onion and
young spinach, the
colours and flavours
offset by pretty pink
sushi ginger. Use
chopsticks if you dare
or settle for a fork and
spoon.
Serves 2 Prep 25 min
Cook 30 min
Ingredients: 2 onions;
2 tbsp toasted sesame
oil; 2 sole or plaice
fillets; 400ml light
chicken stock; 50ml
soy sauce; 50ml sake
50ml mirin; 100g baby
spinach; 2 nests/100g
medium egg noodles;
10g pickled sushi
ginger.
Boil the kettle. Halve,
trim and peel the
onions, then slice
down the halves in thin
slivers. Heat the oil in a
spacious saut� pan
over a medium heat.
Add the onions and
stir fry for 5 minutes.
Reduce the heat and
cook, stirring often, for
about 10 minutes until
wilted and lightly
coloured. Heat the
stock with soy, sake
and mirin in a small
pan. Skin the fish and
slice into large bitesize pieces. Increase
the heat under the
onions, add the fish
and quickly fry on
both sides until firm
and virtually cooked
through.
Add the spinach and
a cup of hot stock.
Cover and cook for
2 minutes to wilt the
spinach. Add the
remaining stock and
torn ginger. Meanwhile,
simmer the noodles in
boiling water from the
kettle for 5 minutes.
Drain, rinse with
cold water, drain again
and place in two deep
bowls. Divide fish,
vegetables and stock
over the noodles. Eat.
Lindsey Bareham
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THE WEATHER
Please note, some sections of The Times are
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Misty and foggy across much of the
British Isles, with outbreaks of rain
and drizzle. Full forecast, page 61
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Richard Donnell, research director at
Hometrack, said: ?London is being hit
by compounding factors. Prices have
gone up by about 80 per cent since 2009
and are significantly higher than incomes, so more people are priced out of
the market.?
The high cost of stamp duty is also
affecting demand. The system was
overhauled in 2014 to ease costs for
anyone buying a home worth less than
�5,000. However, those buying a
home above �5,000 now pay 10 per
cent stamp duty, and properties above
�5 million incur a 12 per cent charge. If
the home is a second property, this rises
to 15 per cent. Mr Cook said: ?You are
putting down a lot of dead money in
stamp duty, and you have to write that
off over a much longer period.?
In the southeast prices rose by 0.3 per
cent year on year, and in the southwest
by 1.9 per cent. The East Midlands and
East Anglia did far better, at 7.3 per cent
and 7.2 per cent respectively, followed
by Scotland at 6.7 per cent and Yorkshire and the Humber at 6.1 per cent.
Bricks & Mortar supplement
Hunt broke rules with flats purchase
Francis Elliott Political Editor
DINNER
TONIGHT
higher than average incomes, but mortgage lenders allow buyers to borrow up
to only 4.5 times their income, putting
home ownership beyond the reach of
many. That has a ripple effect as those
trying to move up the property ladder
cannot sell their house for as much as
they expected.
Lucian Cook, director of residential
research at the estate agent Savills, said:
?People are faced with the choice of
cutting their price to a realistic level or
taking it off the market.?
The Royal Institution of Chartered
Surveyors reported this week that
55 per cent of its London members had
recorded an increase in the number of
sellers taking houses off the market
compared with a year earlier, because
of uncertainty. At the same time the
government has curbed demand from
buy-to-let landlords by implementing a
3 per cent extra stamp duty surcharge
and starting a four-year process of removing the tax relief that landlords can
claim on mortgage interest payments.
The number of landlords planning to
sell off properties is at a ten-year high.
Jeremy Hunt has admitted breaches of
parliamentary rules on MPs? financial
interests and legislation introduced to
curb money laundering, it emerged last
night.
The health secretary failed to make a
declaration to Companies House in
relation to a company used to buy seven
luxury flats and did not record the
purchase in the MPs? register of
interests within four weeks, according
to The Daily Telegraph. Mr Hunt said
that he corrected the errors before
they came to light and the Cabinet
Office has ruled that he did not break
the ministerial code.
A Downing Street spokesman said:
?Jeremy has rightly apologised for an
administrative oversight and as the
Cabinet Office has made clear there
has been no breach of the ministerial
code. We consider the matter closed.?
The newspaper said that Mr Hunt
failed properly to register his interest in
a company set up by himself and his
wife that was used to purchase flats in
Southampton on February 7. Only his
wife was named in documents registered
when the company was incorporated
last September. Laws introduced to
curb money laundering require that
anyone with more than a 25 per cent
stake should declare their interest.
Mr Hunt, one of the richest members
of the cabinet with an estimated
�.5 million, declared his interest in
Mare Pond six months after its incorporation, in an apparent breach of the
Companies Act, an offence punishable
by a fine or up to two years in prison.
Vote Leave dodged limits New aid plan to
on spending, says insider help countries
Sam Coates Deputy Political Editor
Vote Leave, the organisation that
campaigned for Britain to exit the European Union, has drawn new allegations
from a whistleblower.
Mark Gettleson, who worked on communications and web design for Vote
Leave, has made a submission through
lawyers to the Electoral Commission, alleging that it sought to sidestep spending
limits during the referendum campaign.
His lawyer said his submission demonstrated that the youth campaign
group BeLeave was part of Vote Leave,
and that the money spent by BeLeave
should have been part of Vote Leave?s
�million campaign spending limit.
Mr Gettleson?s evidence includes
invoices for BeLeave charged to Vote
Leave, which has said that the two were
separate organisations. Vote Leave has
rejected claims that the groups were
involved in illegal co-ordination.
Mr Gettleson is understood to have
introduced Vote Leave to the data company Aggregate IQ (AIQ). This clears up
weeks of speculation about how Vote
Leave and AIQ came to work together.
The mystery had prompted untrue
theories, including that Dominic Cummings, Vote Leave?s campaign director,
worked with Robert Mercer, the billionaire Trump ally linked to the data company Cambridge Analytica.
Mr Gettleson recommended AIQ to
Vote Leave based on its work for the US
Republican senator Ted Cruz and is not
thought to have mentioned Cambridge
Analytica. A Vote Leave source did not
dispute that Mr Gettleson was the link
between it and AIQ. After the referendum, Mr Cummings said of AIQ: ?We
couldn?t have done it without them.?
The Times can reveal that Mr Gettleson worked on Norman Lamb?s 2015
campaign for the Liberal Democrat
leadership with Christopher Wylie, who
worked for Cambridge Analytica, and
Darren Grimes, the fashion student who
ran BeLeave. Mr Lamb?s campaign suffered after Mr Gettleson admitted running a survey asking about Tim Farron?s
views on gay rights, without Mr Lamb?s
knowledge. Mr Farron went on to win
the leadership. A panel set up by the Lib
Dem regional parties committee found
that Mr Gettleson had not breached
party rules or data protection law.
6 Pro-Remain groups will launch a
�million campaign on Sunday to
demand that the public be given a say
on a final Brexit deal. The People?s Vote
for a second referendum is led by Open
Britain, the group backed by the former
prime ministers Tony Blair and Sir John
Major. Eight other Remain groups are
involved, including European Movement, which has support from Ken
Clarke and Lord Heseltine. Under its
plan, people would not only be given
the chance to reject any deal with Brussels but also potentially to vote on staying in the EU.
win investment
Lucy Fisher
Senior Political Correspondent
Moves to help poorer nations to win
investment from British businesses and
financiers are under way as the UK?s aid
spending strategy is overhauled.
Penny Mordaunt, the international
development secretary, said yesterday
that her department would witness a
?big shift? in how its �.9 billion budget was distributed. Speaking at Lancaster House, she outlined how Britain
would try to help developing countries
to build resilience and growth through
long-term investment in their markets.
Her defence of the ringfenced aid
budget, which is 0.7 per cent of gross
national income, came as critics called
for it to be slashed and for more cash to
go towards health, defence and other
departments. Whitehall insiders say
that the spending strategy is being enacted in Kenya and Ethiopia before it is
expanded to the rest of Africa.
Manufacturing, engineering and the
garment industry would be prioritised
in attempts to encourage investment
from British companies, sources said.
As well as smoothing the path for UK
companies, aid money would be used to
help African companies to raise debt in
local currencies through the City of
London, Ms Mordaunt told the
Financial Times.
the times | Friday April 13 2018
5
2G M
News
Big-thinking museum finds the
secret of success is a huge sheep
THE MUSEUM OF ENGLISH RURAL LIFE
Boys wanted
after girls
give carnival
queen a miss
Jerome Starkey
Countryside Correspondent
Nadeem Badshah
Even with its claims to have England?s
oldest farm wagon and wellington
boots belonging to Michael Eavis,
founder of the Glastonbury Festival,
the Museum of English Rural Life is an
unlikely place to set the internet alight.
Its collection of smocks is second to
none and its attractions include steampowered ploughs, a brass rubbing
section and a shepherd hut. Yet it is
archive pictures of chunky farm
animals that have made it global news.
A black-and-white photograph of a
sturdy ram, posted with the caption
?look at this absolute unit?, has been
shared thousands of times since it was
posted by the museum on Twitter.
The image of the Exmoor Horn,
taken at the Devon Show in 1962, had
been liked by more than 98,000 people
last night, almost double the number of
people who visit the museum each year,
prompting mentions around the
world including by Time magazine.
The museum?s unlikely rise to
fame began when the image was
posted this week by Adam Koszary, an employee who was trawling the archive looking for an
image to mark International Unicorn Day when he stumbled across
the picture. ?Sometimes you find
animals with unusual horns,? he
said. ?I saw that picture and ?Look
at this absolute unit? was the first
thing that came into my head.?
Mr Koszary, 27, a graduate in
ancient history from Manchester
University with a master?s in
museum studies from UCL, took on
the role of looking after the museum?s
social media when it closed for refurbishment in 2014. ?We were forced to
become more creative about how we
used the collections,? he said.
The museum, part of Reading University, normally attracts a mixture of ?hardcore agriculture
specialists and just families
looking for a nice day?, Mr
Koszary said.
When he joined in 2012 Mr
Koszary thought that farming
had an image problem. ?People
see it as dull and often quite
retrograde, whereas the countryside is essential to English identity,? he said.
?If you want to engage people on
social media you
have to lower the
For more than a century, a carnival
queen has smiled broadly and waved
regally at Whitstable?s parade every
summer. In a clear sign of the times,
however, boys are being allowed to enter the selection process after a distinct
lack of interest from the local girls.
Organisers of the Kent seaside town?s
competition have changed the rules for
the first time in its 121-year history after
not a single girl turned up to a selection
event at Whitstable Castle on Sunday.
In previous years as many as 50 girls
aged between 13 and 16 have battled to
be the carnival queen or one of her two
accompanying princesses.
Carol Simmons, secretary of Whitstable Carnival Association, said that
the ?carnival court? would be rescheduled and both sexes would be encouraged to enter. She said: ?It?s always just
been girls in the past ? we?ve never had
boys before, mainly because boys might
not want to sit on a float and wave at the
people of Whitstable. We?re happy to
accept boys as contestants too, if they
wish to apply. We need to have a meeting to talk about it because we have
nothing in place to deal with this.
People have been saying the carnival
court is old-fashioned. The problem is
that lots of people think it?s a beauty
contest, which it definitely is not.?
Carnival queens represent the town
for a year and participate in local events
and fundraising as well as attending
other carnivals across the county.
Some local people expressed dismay
on social media that the contest was
still running. Morag Warren wrote: ?I
wouldn?t want my daughter going for
this to be honest . . . makes me a bit
squeamish. A beauty parade for 13 to
16-year-old girls? The carnival could
and should be brilliant without this relic. Quite chuffed that Whitstable
parents have rejected this.?
Margaret Maggie Honey wrote: ?This
idea of being princesses is outdated. Rejuvenate carnival for the 21st century.?
Sonja Weed wrote: ?Why on earth
must they be dressed like that and
called princesses? No wonder people
feel the way they do. Why can?t they be
?young ambassadors?? That?s most likely more appropriate for what they do,
more appropriate for this day and age
and would look amazing on a CV. That
way it can also be open to boys.?
Others said they were sad to hear
about the lack of interest. Janice Haydon, a former carnival queen, said she
had ?an absolute ball?.
Adam Koszary said he was ?lowering the tone? with pictures of oversize animals to boost the appeal of the museum, top
tone slightly. It?s a difficult thing for
many museums because their
reputation is built on respectability, but it?s going to have to
be eroded a bit if we are going
to survive into the 21st
century.?
His love for large farm
animals does not stop at the
Exmoor Horn. The account has
also posted a selection of
paintings of large cows
as well as one of an
oversize pig, captioned: ?This is
the ideal male
body. You may
not like it, but this is what peak performance looks like.?
Mr Koszary said that the museum
had about 9,700 followers when he
posted the image on Monday afternoon. ?I would have been pleased to
break 10,000,? he said. The account,
which had changed its name to the
Museum of English Rural Units, had
more than 26,000 followers last night.
The ram looks unusually large by
modern standards because farmers
bred their animals for different qualities half a century ago.
Robin Milton, a sheep farmer from
Exmoor, said the Exmoor Horns were
leaner now. ?Farmers don?t breed big,
fat sheep today. People want leaner
meat and lower fat. Even the Exmoors
have changed, but they are still quite a
chunky sheep that has lots of wool to
survive on the moors,? he said.
Mr Koszary, who also worked part
time for the Bodleian Library at Oxford, said fans of the museum?s account
could look forward to more silly tweets.
?They can expect to find out more
about the strange and wonderful things
in the collection,? he said. ?We?re trying
to tread the line between relevance and
naffness that is memes and we know
could do things that make us look ridiculous, but everything we do is about
linking people to our collections.?
6
2G M
Friday April 13 2018 | the times
News
Managers sent on degree courses as ?apprentices?
Rosemary Bennett Education Editor
The apprenticeship scheme is being
exploited by employers to send senior
staff on master?s degrees in business
administration, a report has revealed.
Team leaders, supervisors and managers have been sent on career development courses classified as apprenticeships. The employers are also accused
of abusing government plans to train
three million apprentices by 2020. The
report by the Reform think tank said
that thousands of low-skill training
sessions for staff in shops and caf閟 are
being labelled apprenticeships.
The classes get around rules requiring companies to fund apprenticeships
through an annual levy. Those on the
courses do not have to be paid the minimum wage. The think tank said that
�0 million of public money would be
spent on courses that were apprenticeships in name only. Assistants in a
delicatessen or coffee shop or staff on a
hotel reception desk counted as
apprentices, it said.
From last year, any company with an
annual salary bill of �million must
spend 0.5 per cent of its wage bill on
apprenticeships by paying the money
into a dedicated fund. Any money not
paid out through the levy must go to the
Treasury. The report accused the government of ignoring the calibre of
training on offer because it had set a
target of creating three million
apprenticeships by 2020.
A spokesman for the Department for
Education said changes to the apprenticeship system were giving people of all
ages ?excellent training?. The spokesman added: ?Quality is at the heart of
our reforms.?
SWNS
Quintagram�
No 36
Solve all five clues using each
letter underneath once only
1 Golfer?s target score (3)
---
2 Elegance (5)
-----
3 Branch of science (7)
------4 Highly toxic toadstool (5,3)
-------5 Amass, hoard (9)
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W1A actor dies aged 35
The Welsh actor
Alex Beckett,
who starred in
the BBC
comedies Twenty
Twelve and W1A,
has died
suddenly aged 35. The cause of
death was not known. Beckett,
above, was starring in The Way of
the World at the Donmar
Warehouse, London, and last
performed on stage on Monday.
All remaining performances this
week have been cancelled.
Racist soldier cleared
A self-confessed racist soldier who
kept a picture of himself giving a
Nazi salute has been cleared of
inciting racial hatred. Corporal
Mikko Vehvilainen, 33, of Powys,
was also cleared at Birmingham
crown court of possessing a
document useful to someone
committing acts of terrorism. He
admitted having a CS gas canister
and will be sentenced today.
Wash and brush up The 1854 statue of Queen Victoria in central Glasgow is restored before the city hosts the new multi-sport European Championships in August
Insurance fraud curbed
Charles ?unfit to take over
as head of Commonwealth?
Holidaymakers who make claims
after falling sick abroad will have
their payouts curbed in the
coming weeks. It is hoped that
new rules limiting legal costs will
deter fraud and halt a rise in the
number of claims. Tour operators
will now pay prescribed costs
depending on the value of the
claim and length of proceedings.
Before there was no limit.
May urged to
apologise for
past wrongs
Continued from page 1
Lucy Fisher
Senior Political Correspondent
The Prince of Wales should not succeed
the Queen as head of the Commonwealth because he is not ?level-headed?
or ?someone people respect?, a senior
ally of Jeremy Corbyn has said.
Kate Osamor, the shadow international development secretary, said
that Prince Charles had not been a
sufficiently vocal or visible figurehead.
Her comments in an interview with
The House, parliament?s magazine,
come before the start of the Commonwealth heads of government meeting in
London on Monday. The Queen will
open the five-day gathering, the last
one she is expected to attend.
The question of her successor ? who
will be head of state in 15 of the 53 Commonwealth nations ? has long been
described as the elephant in the room at
high-level meetings of its officials.
Ms Osamor said someone who was
?level-headed, someone people respect, but also someone who thinks
outside the box? would be better suited
for the role. She insisted that she had no
issue with the royal family, but , said: ?I
just don?t think it should be him [Prince
Charles]. I don?t really know what he?s
been up to of late. He?s not been that vocal on issues.?
In February the BBC reported that
the Commonwealth had secretly begun
considering who might succeed the
Queen. The role is not hereditary and
therefore will not pass automatically to
Prince Charles upon her death.
There is no formal process for
deciding a successor, a factor
that makes the controversial
subject even more sensitive.
There are said to be rival views
within the organisation, with
some senior figures backing the idea of electing a
ceremonial figurehead to
make the group more
democratic, while others
think Prince Charles is
almost certain to be
Kate Osamor said Charles
was not vocal enough
handed it. John Mann, a veteran Labour MP, hit back against Ms Osamor?s
comments. ?That is not the view of
many Labour voters or many Labour
MPs,? he said. ?Politicians interfering
in the running of the royal family is
never very clever. It is self-evidently
not the case that Prince Charles is not
respected and he may be even more
popular across the Commonwealth
than the UK.?
Reports emerged last night that
Labour?s newly selected candidate
in Pudsey, West Yorkshire, had
called the royal family ?lazy
scroungers? in the past. Jane Aitchison, an activist linked to
Momentum, also called
Prince Charles ?benefit
scrounging scum?, according to The Yorkshire Post.
She told the newspaper
that she did not recall the
context of the 2013
tweet, later deleted, but
said the royal family
?need to pay their taxes,
like everyone else?.
? in colonial terms ? as the ?British
Commonwealth?.?
In the 1980s Mrs Thatcher referred to
Mr Mandela?s African National Congress party as ?terrorists? and opposed
sanctions against the apartheid regime.
In 2010 Gordon Brown apologised
for Britain?s role in sending 130,000
children to former colonies, where
many were abused. Tony Blair apologised in 2007 for Britain?s part in the
slave trade, before the 200th anniversary of its abolition.
Ms Thornberry also accused Mrs
May of seeing the 52 other Commonwealth states ?just as potential trading
partners? and as a remedy for ?the postBrexit hole in our trading balance sheet?.
A Labour government would treat
Commonwealth nations as ?full and
equal partners?, she said.
Mrs May pledged last year to cement
the Commonwealth?s relevance to
future generations. Boris Johnson, the
foreign secretary, was rebuked last
month by the Tory chairman of the
foreign affairs committee for apparently
suggesting that this was not a priority.
Rapist of girl, 12, jailed
A man who abducted a 12-yearold girl from a Bradford park and
raped her three times before
taking her to Leeds where she
was raped by five men has been
jailed for 23 years. Ibrahim
Hussain, 35, of Bradford, was
found guilty at the city?s crown
court of abducting and raping the
girl last July, arranging rape, and
sexually assaulting a girl aged 16.
Victory for dog walkers
The Kennel Club was celebrating
after the High Court ruled
against a public space protection
order by the London borough of
Richmond. It could have led to
dog owners being punished if
their dog damaged ?any council
structure, equipment, tree, turf or
other council property?. A rule
that set a maximum of four dogs
per walker was upheld.
the times | Friday April 13 2018
7
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News
Sir Cliff: BBC harmed my dignity for ever
Matthew Moore Media Correspondent
Lord Reith, founder of the BBC, would
be spinning in his grave if he knew how
the corporation had covered the police
raid on Sir Cliff Richard?s home, the
High Court was told yesterday.
The singer?s ?dignity and standing
have been damaged for ever? because
of the corporation?s invasive and unlawful coverage, his lawyers said.
Sir Cliff, 77, is suing the BBC for filming the police search of his home in
Sunningdale, Berkshire, in August 2014
after it was alleged that he sexually
assaulted an underage boy.
The corporation?s decision to name
the star as the subject of a police investigation left his ?private life shattered,
home violated and reputation around
the world in shreds?, his QC told the
court. The performer endured media
intrusion ?of the kind that no citizen of
this country should ever have to experience? as a result of the BBC?s conduct,
Justin Rushbrooke, QC, said.
Sir Cliff denied all wrongdoing
related to the alleged incident in Sheffield in 1985 and was never charged
with any offence. He said that he suffered ?profound and long-lasting damage? and wants substantial compensation, including �9,261 in legal costs,
�8,500 in PR fees and payment for a
book that had to be shelved.
The manner in which the BBC broadcast the story, including helicopter footage of the raid, was so disproportionate
and intrusive as to render it unlawful,
the singer?s lawyers claimed on the first
day of the hearing before Mr Justice
Mann. ?Persons who are under investigation but have not been charged with
any offence should not be publicly
named other than in exceptional circumstances,? his legal team said in
documents submitted to the court.
The BBC insists that its coverage was
legitimate and accurate. It warned that
if Sir Cliff?s legal action were successful
it would undermine the press?s freedom
to report on police investigations.
The court was told that Dan Johnson,
the BBC?s north of England reporter,
had been tipped off that Sir Cliff was a
suspect in Operation Yewtree, the
investigation into historical sex offences. South Yorkshire police confirmed
BEN CAWTHRA/LNP
Sir Cliff Richard yesterday outside the High Court, where he is suing the BBC
Q&A
alleged sex crimes by
celebrities. The
allegations, however,
were unfounded.
What happened?
The BBC One lunchtime
news bulletin on August
14, 2014, broke the news
that Sir Cliff Richard?s
home in Berkshire was
being searched by
officers investigating
allegations of a historic
sex assault on an underage boy. The exclusive
story was followed up
by media outlets across
the world. The BBC
website story about the
raid received 4.5 million
UK hits in one day. Sir
Cliff was the most
prominent star caught
up in the post-Jimmy
Savile police
investigations into
What have the police
done since?
South Yorkshire Police
(SYP) co-operated with
the BBC on the initial
story after being
approached by Dan
Johnson, the reporter
who received the
original tip. The force
gave the corporation
warning of the raid, and
recorded a statement.
After the criminal
case was dropped, Sir
Cliff brought legal
action against SYP and
the BBC. Last year SYP
settled Sir Cliff?s claim
and paid a substantial
sum in damages. The
force also apologised
?wholeheartedly for the
additional anxiety
caused? by its ?initial
handling of the media
interest?. The BBC
decided to fight.
What happens if Sir
Cliff wins?
Victory for the
entertainer would be a
damaging blow for the
national broadcaster,
and raise questions
about the judgment of
senior news executives.
It could also affect how
the early stages of
police investigations are
reported.
Gavin Millar, QC,
representing the
corporation, said in
legal documents that
the case raised issues
of great importance for
freedom of the press.
the information obtained by Mr Johnson in return for his agreement not to
run the story until officers were ready
to search Sir Cliff?s home.
After a meeting with the force on
July 15, Mr Johnson emailed BBC bosses to say he had police ?over a barrel?.
Mr Rushbrooke accused Mr Johnson of
using his initial leak as ?leverage?and
claimed that the BBC showed no concern for Sir Cliff?s privacy in its determination to protect its exclusive.
South Yorkshire police told the BBC
that it planned to search Sir Cliff?s
home the evening before the raid on
August 14. The BBC sent two television
crews, a helicopter and a satellite van.
Emails between BBC news staff stated
that the ?money shot? would be footage
of officers going in and out of Sir Cliff?s
flat, removing belongings. The story
was done ?in the most intrusive way
possible?, Mr Rushbrooke added.
Police told the BBC they would not
name Sir Cliff in their statement confirming the search. Despite this, the
BBC identified Sir Cliff as the subject of
the raid in its 1pm news bulletin.
The BBC first got through to Sir Cliff?s
publicist at 11.15am on the day of the raid
and did not give him full details of its
planned coverage until 12.25pm, the
judge was told. This made it difficult to
respond to the allegations, so no denial
was included in the BBC?s first report.
The court also heard that the BBC
was so determined to protect its scoop
that it breached a longstanding agreement with ITN by using their shared
helicopter without alerting its rival to
the story. Sir Cliff was abroad at the
time. The case continues.
Last year South Yorkshire police settled a claim brought by Sir Cliff, apologised for disclosing his information and
paid substantial damages. The force is
bringing a separate action against the
BBC to retrieve some of the damages.
8
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Friday April 13 2018 | the times
News
News Syria
Britain ready for military action
Francis Elliott Political Editor
Lucy Fisher
Theresa May received unanimous
cabinet backing for UK military action
against Syrian regime targets after
senior ministers were briefed by Sir
Mark Sedwill, the national security
adviser, on the intelligence case
pointing to President Assad?s culpability
for the Douma attack.
Although the official read-out of the
meeting, attended by all but three of
Mrs May?s senior ministers, does not
specifically mention military action, it
will be seen as an endorsement for an
intervention expected within days.
?Following a discussion in which every
member present made a contribution,
cabinet agreed it was vital that the
use of chemical weapons did not go
unchallenged,? it read.
?Cabinet agreed on the need to take
action to alleviate humanitarian distress and to deter the further use of
chemical weapons by the Assad regime.
Cabinet agreed the prime minister
should continue to work with allies in
the United States and France to coordinate an international response.?
All but three of Mrs May?s most
senior ministers attended the meeting
which lasted well over two hours. Only
Andrea Leadsom, Jeremy Hunt and
Liam Fox were absent. Boris Johnson,
the foreign secretary, is understood to
have made an impassioned case for
action. A senior government source
said there was no dissent.
Earlier, David Davis, the Brexit
secretary, indicated he would support
military action despite being an
opponent of intervention in 2013 when
David Cameron asked MPs to endorse
a punitive strike following a previous
chemical attack. Speaking to a Wall
Street Journal conference in London,
Mr Davis said different circumstances
applied five years ago: ?There were two
reasons in 2013. We had not provided
the evidence and the intelligence that
we knew who it was, and secondly there
was not a proper plan thought through
properly. Those two things, I?m
assured, we?re going to answer today.?
Jeremy Corbyn stepped up his opposition to the intervention. ?More bombing, more killing, more war will not save
life. It will just take more lives and
spawn the war elsewhere,? the Labour
leader said on a visit to a Derby school.
As the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons confirmed
that military-grade novichok was used
in the Salisbury attack, Mr Corbyn was
asked by a pupil whether he believed
Vladimir Putin was responsible.
?Somebody was obviously responsible
for it and that somebody has to be
found,? he replied. ?I don?t say it is [Mr
Putin] or isn?t. I say an investigation
must take place.?
It is understood that Mr Corbyn has
asked to be briefed on the Douma intelligence case. There is no chance, however, that parliament will be recalled to
approve any military action before its
return from Easter recess on Monday.
A split in the shadow cabinet
emerged last night as Kate Osamor, the
shadow international development
secretary, told The House magazine
that Assad must be ?removed? and
?intervention must take place? if the
Syrian leader was found to have gassed
civilians.
Tom Tugendhat, Tory chairman of
the foreign affairs committee, said that
Mrs May ?doesn?t need? to gain the permission of the Commons for military
action, but predicted she would win a
vote if one were called. He suggested a
debate on the matter on Monday,
although potentially after an attack is
launched, would be appropriate.
Other Conservatives continued to
put pressure on the prime minister to
seek the approval of MPs, however. Ken
Clarke, the former chancellor, called
for a parliamentary vote, telling BBC
Radio 4?s World at One: ?In a modern,
parliamentary democracy, I think you
have got to have parliamentary approval
if you have a planned, policy decision to
launch a military attack of any significant size. To say that parliament is just
sidelined before you take such a serious
decision is a very retrograde step.?
Letters, page 28
Leading article, page 29
GCHQ on high alert for
major Russian cyberattack
Katie Gibbons
Deborah Haynes Defence Editor
Cyberattacks backed by Russia frequently hit Britain?s infrastructure, the
head of GCHQ?s cybersecurity centre
said yesterday.
Ciaran Martin told The Times that
Britain had been ?on high alert of a
major attack for quite some time?. He
added: ?Cyberwarfare is part of the
Russian state?s armoury of statecraft.?
The chief executive of the National
Cyber Security Centre (NCSC) said
that ?defensive and offensive? cybercapability was increasingly a key part of
any modern state. ?Cyberattack capabilities are an integral part of Russia?s
national policy, of its way of asserting itself in the world,? he said.
His comments, on the sidelines of the
NCSC annual conference in Manchester, came after the head of GCHQ revealed at the same event that British
spies and soldiers had launched their
first large-scale offensive cyberoperation against Islamic State to derail the
group?s propaganda machine and
thwart attacks.
Jeremy Fleming used his first public
speech to say that the top secret mission, which also involved cyberwarriors
from the US and other allied countries,
played a significant part in the fight
against Isis on the battlefields of Iraq
and Syria and online. On occasion, Isis
found it ?almost impossible to spread
their hate online?, he said.
The spy chief also said that GCHQ
was playing an important role in countering aggressive cyberactivity by
Russia and other hostile states. He said
it was likely that the agency?s expertise
on Russia would be in ?increasing demand? as he condemned the Kremlin?s
?stark and shocking? actions, including
the nerve agent attack on Sergei and
Yulia Skripal, the former Russian spy
and his daughter, in Salisbury.
Mr Fleming warned that the ?tectonic plates? in the Middle East were also
moving. ?We see Iran and its proxies
meddling throughout the region,? he
said. But his most revealing remarks
were about the covert offensive cyberoperation his agency has been conducting with experts from the Ministry
of Defence against Isis.
?Cyber is only one part of the wider
international response. But this is the
first time the UK has systematically
and persistently degraded an adversary?s online efforts as part of a wider military campaign,? he said.
West?s
options
. . . and
the risks
1. Complete destruction of
President Assad?s ability
to launch a chemical
weapons attack
This would require the
destruction of all regime
airfields, jets and
helicopters. Any facilities
for chemical weapons
research, production and
storage, as well as those
where poisonous gases
are loaded into weapons,
would be targets. Such a
large-scale intervention
would probably not be
achieved by cruise missile
strikes and fast jets alone.
Warplanes loaded with
precision missiles and
laser-guided bombs may
have to be deployed
within Syrian airspace
and could be shot down.
Russia could retaliate,
particularly if a missile
destroys one of its aircraft
or kills its personnel. If it
followed through on a
threat to strike British
and US jets, warships and
submarines as well as the
cruise missiles they fire,
this could trigger a wider
conflict, even global war.
The campaign would
need detailed intelligence
on chemical weapons
sites. Britain and its allies
are unlikely to have all
this information and so
complete destruction
the times | Friday April 13 2018
9
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News
News
in days as cabinet supports May
KAYSEE LOHMANN/U.S. NAVY/REUTERS; YOUSSEF KARWASHAN/AFP/GETTY IMAGES; GEOFF ROBINSON
Macron weighing
his response to
?red line? violation
Charles Bremner Paris
The crew of USS Harry S
Truman could see action
when it arrives in the region
next week. Yesterday
Tornados were being
prepared at RAF Marham in
Norfolk, while in Syria
President Assad?s forces and
their Russian allies at the
Al Wafideen refugee camp
near Damascus were awaiting
the arrival of defeated rebels
and their families following
the suspected chemical
weapons attack in Douma
would require an offensive
lasting weeks or months.
Russian and Syrian
propaganda would seek to
portray US and British
strikes as having killed
civilians. Commanders
would have to ensure that
strikes were lawful,
discriminate and
proportionate. Attacks
would be aborted if there
were fears of civilian
casualties.
2. A more limited but
lasting degradation of
Assad?s ability to launch
a chemical attack
The US-led coalition will
also consider a campaign
that lasts days or weeks
but seeks only to take out
a limited number of
specific airfields, aircraft
and chemical facilities to
deter the use of chemical
weapons. This would also
require significant
intelligence to enable
accurate targeting.
The more aggressive
the intervention the more
likely the prospect of
Russia and Iran fighting
back. Britain and its allies
would be ready for a
counterattack in a
different theatre of
conflict. The Kremlin
could carry out a
cyberattack on the UK or
another Nato country, or
a military attack against
the hundreds of British
troops in Estonia. Iran
could seek to target
British and US special
forces based in Syria as
part of a US-led mission
to counter Islamic State,
or use proxy agents to
target British forces in
Iraq or in Afghanistan.
3. A single-night salvo
like last year but on a
bigger scale
British, American and
French submarines,
warplanes and jets would
deploy scores of cruise
missiles against the
airfield involved in the
suspected chemical
weapons attack. They
would seek to administer
a larger punishment than
the US salvo of 59
Tomahawk cruise missiles
last year by targeting
more than one airfield
and going after chemical
production facilities as
well. The Russians and
Iranians would be less
likely to retaliate and
there would be a lower
risk of their jets or
personnel being hit.
4. Punish the regime
without military force
The US and its allies
could impose tougher
sanctions on the regime?s
leaders. They could also
use cyberweapons to
make the lives of those
close to Assad miserable.
After the rhetoric of the
past week and the failure
to launch airstrikes after
sarin attacks in 2013 this
option is unlikely.
5. Do nothing
This is extremely unlikely
given the language by US,
British and French
politicians that the use of
chemical weapons must
be punished.
President Macron declared yesterday
that he was certain that Syrian forces
had used chlorine gas against civilians,
but he appeared to hesitate over committing France to a military response.
He told a television interviewer he
had ?proof that chemical weapons were
used, at least with chlorine . . . by the regime of Bashar al-Assad?. That acknowledged that Syria had crossed a
red line that Mr Macron set last year
promising French military action if the
use of gas was confirmed. He did not
give the source of his proof but it was
assumed that France?s respected military and external intelligence services
had gathered the evidence.
France, a former colonial power in
the region, is heavily engaged in Syria,
with airstrikes and special forces supporting the fight against Islamic State.
The air force and navy have been on
standby since the weekend awaiting orders to attack targets in Syria. This
would probably be carried out with
missiles and bombs launched from
aircraft based in France rather
than the region, according to military sources.
Mr Macron showed caution that
springs from deep concern at home
over the wisdom of joining
the United States in a hasty
retaliation. France would
mount a military response ?in due course,
when we judge it most
useful and effective?, he
said. This would only
happen ?once we have
verified all the information?.
If it happened, France
would act only to ?deprive
the regime of its means to
intervene with chemicals?,
President Macron: Assad
will not go unpunished
he said. That implied that it would avoid
striking at President Assad himself or
hitting his Russian or Iranian allies in
Syria. France could not let the regime
go unpunished for using gas, he said,
but would not allow ?any escalation
that could harm the stability of the region as a whole?. The country?s priority
remained defeating Isis, he added.
Mr Macron?s advisers say he has spoken twice this week to President Trump
to co-ordinate possible military action,
but is determined not to be dragged into
a US adventure that has no diplomatic
follow-up. Since taking office last May
he has cast himself as a broker among
opposing powers in the region. Last
week he hosted Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman of Saudi Arabia and
attempted to align an approach to Iran,
Riyadh?s chief adversary and an ally of
the Assad regime.
Mr Macron is treading a fine line
between the need to assert French
power in Syria ? vital for credibility
since he laid down his red line ? and a
wish to avoid adding to tensions with
Russia and its allies in the region.
MPs from all parties, including Mr Macron?s centrist La
R閜ublique en Marche, have
voiced doubts about or outright
opposition to French strikes on
Syria. Bruno Retailleau, a
senior MP for the conservative Republicans,
urged Mr Macron not
to ?follow the United
States? with a pointless attack ?only for
giving a good conscience to those who
press the button?.
Jacques Maire, one of
M
Mr Macron?s MPs, admitted that the administration was hesitating over
the merits of a strike but
suggested this showed
that there was ?no good
solution?.
Biggest task force since
Iraq on course for Syria
Continued from page 1
against Syria. Such a move could bring
the two nuclear-armed sides into direct
conflict for the first time.
An information war is already raging.
Russia?s foreign ministry said that it
had found no evidence of a chemical
weapon attack, describing such claims
as ?dishonest accusations?. In a sign that
neither side wants the stand-off to escalate into all-out war, a communications
link between Russia and the United
States, created to avoid an accidental
clash over Syria, is being used.
Britain has already sent attack
submarines, armed with Tomahawk
land-attack missiles. It also has eight
cruise-missile-capable Tornado fast
jets at its airbase in Cyprus.
Mr Macron said in a television
interview that France had evidence
that chlorine at a minimum was used in
the Douma attack ?by the regime of
Bashar al-Assad?. Asked whether a
French military strike was imminent,
he said: ?We will need to take decisions
in due course, when we judge it most
useful and effective.?
Separately yesterday, the independent chemical weapons watchdog
backed Britain?s findings that Mr
Skripal, a former Russian double agent,
and his daughter were poisoned with a
novichok nerve agent, though the
organisation did not cite the substance
by name or say where it was from.
The report, however, prompted
Boris Johnson, the foreign secretary,
to say that the Kremlin ?must give
answers?.
10
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Friday April 13 2018 | the times
News
News Syria
Assad parks his aircraft in
safety of Russian hangars
Michael Evans, Tom Parfitt Moscow
Catherine Philp
Diplomatic Correspondent
The Assad regime has begun repositioning its military assets alongside
those belonging to Russia in the hope of
protecting them from potential missile
strikes by an American-led coalition.
US intelligence agencies have
tracked Syrian aircraft being moved
from their bases to those under Russian
control or with a large Russian presence, in the belief that Washington will
be reluctant to hit Russian assets.
Syria?s attempts to shelter its aircraft
could hamper efforts by Britain, the US
and France to inflict serious damage on
Assad?s military and its ability to carry
out chemical attacks.
Russia is thought to have several
thousand servicemen at Hmeimim and
Tartus, but Russian military advisers
and special forces are also stationed
with various Syrian army units scattered around the country. The Russians
also have anti-submarine aircraft based
in Syria and a number of frigates and
destroyers in the eastern Mediterranean which can be used to hunt British, French and US submarines.
The US will be anxious to avoid striking Russian forces. President Trump is
thought to favour a wider campaign
than last year?s volley of cruise missiles
on Shayrat airbase, the staging ground
for a sarin gas attack on Khan Sheikhoun.
The US formally notified Russia over
a hotline shortly before that attack was
launched in an attempt to minimise
human casualties, either Russian or
Syrian. The targets of that strike included Syrian aircraft and their shelters,
along with air defence systems, ammunition supply bunkers and what were
thought to be chemical weapon stores
at the base where the attacking aircraft
took off.
The American-led military force that
strikes Syria will have to outfox sophisticated Russian air defence radars that
Moscow has installed there. Moscow
has warned it could target missiles and
launch platforms ? aircraft and warships ? if attacks begin.
The Russian-built S-400 anti-aircraft and anti-missile system is deployed across Syria and at Moscow?s
huge airbase at Hmeimim in northwest
Latakia province. Amid the US buildup, several Russian warships are also on
the move in the eastern Mediterranean
as the Kremlin beefs up its options for
potential retaliation.
The Russians have integrated the
S-400s that were sold to the Syrian regime with their own systems at
Hmeimim, providing a comprehensive
radar network. The air defence system,
which has yet to be tested in combat,
has a range of up to 250 kilometres and
can shoot down 80 targets simultaneously, according to Russian claims. It
has the capability of hitting cruise missiles as well as aircraft.
The Pentagon is deploying a group of
warships and submarines carrying
hundreds of Tomahawk cruise missiles
but it could take up to a week until all
are in place. By the time the ten warships and two submarines are in position, there will be as many as 700 Tomahawks ready to be launched against
Syrian targets. In last year?s attack on
Shayrat, the US fired just 59 Tomahawks from two US Navy warships in
the eastern Mediterranean.
The US Navy has four warships in the
Mediterranean or within a relatively
short distance from the area, all armed
with Tomahawks. The one closest to
Syria is the USS Donald Cook, a guidedmissile destroyer with up to 60 Tomahawks. There are three other available
warships, each with a similar number of
Tomahawks, which could move nearer
to Syria for a US strike. They are Carney,
Porter and Laboon, all guided-missile
destroyers. Two nuclear-powered submarines, Georgia and John Warner, are
also believed to be in the region.
The relatively small armada will be
beefed up significantly with the arrival
of a US carrier strike force that left Norfolk, Virginia, on Wednesday and could
be in the area by the end of next week.
Officials in Moscow confirmed yesterday that a flotilla of its warships had
left Russia?s Tartus naval facility on the
Syrian coast and dispersed into the sea.
Satellite images published by an Israeli
company on Wednesday suggested
that 11 craft had retreated from the base.
They included the Admiral Grigorovich
frigate, a Ropucha-class landing ship
and a Kilo-class submarine.
The build-up
Other vessels
in the Med
Nato
Russian
Others/
not known
Military
bases
US Naval
base Souda
Crete
Admiral Grigorovich
and Admiral Essen
Frigates
Being deployed
B-2 stealth bombers deployed
from Missouri with cruise
missiles and precision bombs
USS Harry S Truman carrier
with 5 warships carrying 300
Tomahawks due to arrive in
eastern Med end of
next week
USS Donald
Cook left Souda
on Tuesday, in
the direction of
Cyprus
Anger over
Michael Evans, Deborah Haynes
President Trump?s tweet warning of an
imminent missile strike against Syria
tipped off Damascus, US sources acknowledged last night.
The sources avoided accusing the
president of giving the Syrian regime
the chance to move its military assets to
a safer place. However, they said that
after the tweeted warning it had made
sense for the Syrian regime to shift
fighter aircraft away from potential target airbases.
The Syrian air force is believed to
have flown its combat aircraft to the
safety of Latakia province where
Russia?s huge military base is located.
The sources said Syria had clearly
taken seriously the various warnings
from Washington. Mr Trump had ini-
the times | Friday April 13 2018
11
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News
News
Don?t panic:
US shows no
sign of risking
World War 3
Rafale fighter aircraft
deployed from France. Not
clear which military base
will be used
Tornado GR4
Two-seat, attack and
reconnaissance jet
Engines Two Rolls-Royce
RB199 Mk103 turbofans
Max speed 1.3Mach
Max altitude 50,000ft
Ilyushin
38location:
anti-submarine
Possible
Latakia aircraft
Length 40.18m
Wingspan 37.4m
Max speed 401mph
Analysis
Range 4,660miles
Service ceiling 36,000ft
Possible location Latakia
TURKEY
20 miles
Aleppo
ppo
o
Raqq
qq
qa
Idlib
d b
4 US destroyers
Now in the Med sailing
east with two submarines.
Destroyers carrying 400
Tomahawks
Astute-class
submarine
location
unknown
Latakia
Cyprus
SYRIA
Tartus
250km
engagement range
of the Russian S-400
air defence system
from Latakia
Ho
Homs
RAF Akrotiri
6 Typhoon
Jabal ash
Sharqi
fighter jets
LEBANON
Attack
submarine
Deir Ezzor
Hama
Da
Damascus
Douma
Apr 7, chemical
attack kills at
least 40 people
El-Kisweh
HMS Duncan
Type 45
destroyer
Me d ite rrane an
Sea
IRAQ
ISRAEL
JORDAN
600km
detection range
of the S-400
Russian S-400 mobile air defence system
Long range radar
tracks target up
to 600km away
Engagement radar
keeps missiles on target
Launcher carries missiles
in four canisters
Each canister contains
up to 4 missiles
8 launchers in a
defence system
4 missile variants
can be launched
depending on target
Command
vehicle
Trump tip-off to Syria Putin?s populist EU allies
tially declared that a decision on action
would be taken within 24 to 48 hours.
That was on Monday. Yesterday he appeared to row back on the timing.
The US sources said normal practice
would be to avoid telegraphing intent
about potential future action. A senior
military source in the UK claimed the
security authorities in America were
?absolutely livid? with Mr Trump for
giving notice of military action.
The source said that after the president?s tweet about an imminent missile
attack, there had been a ?massive
movement? of military equipment in
Syria. ?This meant that the targeting
had to be revisited,? the source said. ?It?s
a genuine military concern that you are
hitting bona fide targets. When the situation is fluid and the opposition is
being prompted by a tweet then it is a
nightmare for the targeters.? Mr Trump
himself frequently criticised President
Obama for giving advance notice of
planned military action. He blamed Mr
Obama for declaring the intention to
attack Mosul in northern Iraq to liberate the city from Isis occupiers.
Isis heavily fortified Mosul in anticipation of the attack, although the Iraqi
government had also made it clear the
city was next in line for an offensive.
In a tweet about Syria in August 2013,
Mr Trump wrote: ?Why do we keep
broadcasting when we?re going to
attack Syria? Why can?t we just be quiet
and if we attack at all, catch them by
surprise.? The one member of Mr
Trump?s cabinet who has always spoken
out against giving the enemy any prior
notice of an imminent attack is James
Mattis, the defence secretary.
spread scepticism at home
Tom Kington Rome
President Putin?s cultivation of populist
European leaders is paying off after politicians in Italy and France dismissed
the attack in Douma as lies and fought
plans for missile strikes against President Assad.
Matteo Salvini, head of the Italian
anti-migrant League party, said that reports of a gas attack were ?fake news?
and mocked President Trump?s tweets.
?[He] cannot announce missiles on
Twitter, as if they were fried chicken
and french fries,? Mr Salvini, whose
party signed a co-operation deal with
Mr Putin?s United Russia party, said.
He found himself in the same camp
as the British communist newspaper
Morning Star, which also denounced
the reported chemical attack as ?fake
news?.
In France Marine Le Pen, leader of
the Front National, which has received
loans from Russian banks, said:
?Europe pays the consequences of the
war in Libya . . . Will we reiterate the
same potentially devastating mistakes
in Syria??
Mr Salvini is pushing to lead Italy
after his right-wing coalition took the
most votes in an election that produced
a hung parliament. Yesterday La Stampa wrote: ?Putin wants to use Italy as a
skeleton key to unlock any western alliance against Assad in Syria.?
R
ussia?s threats over
military action in Syria
have been loud and
various (Catherine Philp
writes). One was to shoot
down any missiles launched at
Syrian territory and counterattack
the sites or craft from where they
were launched. Another warned
about the repercussions should
Russian personnel or hardware be
struck in an American-led assault.
There is no sign that the US is
willing to get into armed conflict
with Russia, even on Syrian soil, a
possibility some have warned could
trigger World War Three.
Syria, however, is taking the
threat of US strikes so seriously that
it is moving its own hardware closer
to Russian assets in the hope of
protecting it from American strikes.
The Assad regime is well aware of
the difference between the US
exacting punishment for its alleged
chemical attack in Douma and
choosing to engage a nuclear-armed
historic adversary that happens to
share Syrian territory.
The US has made clear its
displeasure that Russia is backing
Assad, saying that Moscow shares
the blame for Syria?s use of chemical
weapons. However, it will take
painstaking efforts to avoid a direct
conflict between the two countries?
forces. Hence the hotline between
Washington and Moscow through
which warnings can be relayed,
though information is necessarily
limited in the knowledge that Russia
will swiftly pass on everything it
learns to Syria.
Were the US to hit Russian
personnel or hardware, it would
almost certainly be by accident.
Russia might not choose to see it
that way publicly and would no
doubt voice outrage but internally
the difference would matter greatly.
Moscow reacted with outrage
when Turkey, a Nato member, shot
down a Russian fighter jet that had
strayed briefly into its territory
during a flight over northern Syria.
The shooting down was not an
accident; more likely it was a
message Ankara was seeking to send
to Russia over its intervention in
Syria. Turkey waited only 17 seconds
before shooting the jet down.
Turkey?s President Erdogan
confirmed the political message,
saying that he had personally given
the order to shoot the jet down.
Moscow was furious and showed it
but the row did not escalate. Both
sides knew that there was too much
at stake. The same is likely to apply
if Russian assets are accidentally hit
during an operation against Assad.
Russia excels at the kind of hybrid
warfare it used to annex Crimea but
would be outclassed in a
conventional conflict with the US,
particularly in the Syrian arena,
where its military might is relatively
puny.
In fact, clashes between Russia
and the US in Syria have already
taken place without leading to a
wider conflict, as Mike Pompeo, the
nominee for secretary of state,
confirmed at a Senate hearing
yesterday. He said that ?a couple of
hundred? Russian mercenaries were
killed by American forces earlier
this year.
the times | Friday April 13 2018
13
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News
Teenagers can?t help taking plunge with risky mates
Tom Whipple Science Editor
It is the despairing cry of parents of
teenagers the world over: ?If your
friends all jumped off a cliff, would you
follow them?? Now science has provided an answer: yes, they probably would.
An analysis of young adults? attitudes
to risk has found that they are prepared
to take more chances if they know that
people in their peer group are doing so.
The scientists who conducted the
research said that they wanted better to
understand how risky decisions were
made. ?In our daily life we are regularly
confronted with decisions that can
have serious consequences for health
and well-being,? they wrote. ?For
example, choosing whether or not to
speed on a highway, participate in
drinking games or have sex with a
stranger all can have major impact on
an individual?s life.?
Livia Tomova, from Massachusetts
Institute of Technology, said that she
was interested in students because of
their susceptibility. ?Young adults show
high rates of risky behaviour,? she said.
?Particularly in samples of college kids,
excessive drinking of alcohol and risky
sexual behaviour is very prevalent.?
Because of the constraints of university ethics boards, the researchers, who
published their study in the journal
Scientific Reports, were not able to test
cliff jumping, or even drinking games
and sex, directly. Instead they used an
exercise known as the Balloon Analogue Risk Task, or Bart. This involved
pumping up a virtual balloon and being
rewarded for the number of pumps.
However, there was a catch. The
more air people put in, the more likely
it was to burst, in which case they got
nothing. The Bart test is a standard
laboratory measure of how much risk
people are prepared to take and has
been shown to correspond to risktaking in the real world.
But does it also show that risk is
modified by peer behaviour? To test
this, Dr Tomova and her colleagues ran
a modified version of the Bart test on 52
students aged 18 to 25. At the same time
as they were pumping up the balloon,
they were also told how many pumps
the other participants had chosen. In
fact, this information was made up,
TMS
diary@thetimes.co.uk | @timesdiary
Key grip is on
the doughnuts
People who work in Hollywood
are obsessed with food, says the
author Jojo Moyes. Those who are
on camera are terrified of it, while
those behind the lens stuff it away.
Speaking at the London Book and
Screen Week, Moyes, below,
related the eating habits of her
colleagues on the 2016 film version
of her novel Me Before You.
?During a three-month shoot the
actors, who survive on rice cakes,
flavoured water and fear, shrink,?
she said. ?Everyone else will put on
a stone. If you want to be really
popular on set, order 50 boxes of
Krispy Kremes [doughnuts] to
arrive on Friday afternoon. Like
Vegas, what happens on a film set
stays on a film set.?
Anthony Scaramucci, the former
White House communications
director, had a torrid, if brief, time
working for Donald Trump. He was
sacked last year 11 days after Trump
hired him, having used ?colourful
language? in a taped conversation
with a journalist about his
colleagues. He puts a positive spin
on his infamy, though, telling The
Spectator: ?The president made me
as famous as Melania ? and I
didn?t have to sleep with him.?
political punchbag
You can?t keep a serial loser down.
Winston McKenzie, a former
professional boxer and
contestant on Celebrity Big
Brother, is seeking public office
again. McKenzie, a former
Ukip leadership contender
who has stood six times for
parliament under four
different banners, is
standing in the local
elections in Croydon for
the Unity in Action Party, a
group that seems to include
only himself. McKenzie?s
most recent campaign was
the Witney parliamentary
by-election for the English
Democrats in 2016. He came
twelfth, behind Lord Toby Jug of
the Eccentric Party, with 52 votes.
blessed is the (time) lord
Part of the old BBC Television
Centre at White City has been
bought by Soho House and turned
into a private club for those who
find the West End a schlep. Grant,
the TMS hobbit, went to the
opening night, where he met the
actor Peter Davison, who told him
that Brian Blessed desperately
wanted to play the lead in Doctor
Who. ?Every time the position
comes up, he rings the producer and
shouts: ?I?m available,? ? Davison said.
Oddly, the BBC keeps spurning him,
though he would be magnificent.
Perhaps they fear the Tardis
couldn?t survive his sonic boom.
I wrote yesterday about a cast-off of
Tony Blair?s Madame Tussaud?s head
being spotted in army fatigues in the
Essex Regiment Museum. The
author Harry Mount tells me that
Prince Philip appears in armour at
Manorbier Castle in west Wales. In
fact, he is there twice: his wax head
is also leaning over a spinning wheel
atop a mannequin labelled ?a Welsh
lady?. Although both models are
more than 40 years old, they
resemble the prince today. ?A reverse
Dorian Gray?? Mount wonders.
corbyn smells a rat
Asked yesterday for his view on
the Salisbury poisonings after
independent verification of Porton
Down?s findings, Jeremy Corbyn
clarified his position a smidgin,
without quite blaming Russia.
?I think somebody was
obviously responsible,? the
Labour leader said. It made
me think of Beyond the
Fringe, when Alan Bennett
asked if thieves were
responsible for the Great
Train Robbery and Peter
Cook replied: ?Good
heavens, no. Thieves are
totally irresponsible.?
patrick kidd
manipulated to see how and
aviour of
whether the behaviour
dents
the other students
nce
might
influence
their choices. Dr
Tomova found
that students
were more likely to push the
balloon to the
edge of popping if their
peers
were
taking risks too.
at
She said that
this could providee an
ht into
important insight
behaviour, particularly since the effect
d
was found despite
there being no
physical interactions between
stu
the students
? all they had
was electronic informatio
tion.
?In modern society,
w
we
are increasingly
e
exposed
to information
aabout other people?s
cchoices and actions
th
through
social media.
W
We were interested to
Th neknominate game
The
sh
showed the power of
so
social media influence
assess whether mere information
about choices of others can influence
own choices,? she said.
It was social media that led to the
neknominate game, in which people
dared each other to engage in drinking
games online, a craze that was blamed
for five deaths.
However, Dr Tomova said that it was
not all bad news. The experiment also
found the reverse: that playing it safe
was contagious too. ?I think it?s important to highlight that safe choices of
others had an even bigger effect on
influencing choices,? she said. ?I think
this highlights the potential positive
role models can have on young adults.?
14
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Friday April 13 2018 | the times
News
ELLIOTT FRANKS
Rivers of blood
speech broadcast
defended by BBC
Nadeem Badshah
States of grace The Cage is part of English National Ballet?s Voices of America programme at Sadler?s Wells until April 21
The BBC has been criticised for planning to air a reading of Enoch Powell?s
infamous ?rivers of blood? speech to
mark its 50th anniversary.
The Radio 4 broadcast on Saturday is
the first time that the controversial
speech will have been heard in full on
British radio.
Lord Adonis, the Labour peer, called
for the broadcast to be scrapped and
wrote on Twitter yesterday that the
anti-immigration speech was ?the
worst incitement to racial violence by a
public figure in modern Britain?.
Amol Rajan, the BBC?s media editor,
will present the broadcast on Radio 4
on Saturday night. He said that the
speech would be broken up and critiqued throughout the programme,
part of the Archive on 4 series, which reflects in detail on historical events.
However, Shirin Hirsch, a University
of Wolverhampton academic, said that
she now viewed her participation as a
mistake and tweeted that she was
?disgusted by the way the BBC are
promoting this show?.
Only a short section of Powell?s
45-minute monologue to Conservative Party members in
Birmingham, made a few
days before the second reading of the 1968 race relations
bill, was recorded.
Ian McDiarmid, the Scottish actor, will read the full
text for the broadcast. He
played the politician in a
theatre show that included the
Enoch Powell was sacked
as shadow defence
secretary after his speech
speech in Edinburgh last year. Powell
called for a reduction in the number of
arrivals and a policy to encourage those
already in the UK to return to their
country of origin.
The speech ended with a reference to
a moment in Virgil?s Aeneid when a
prophetess predicts civil war in Italy
with ?the river Tiber foaming with
much blood?.
The speech led to Powell being
sacked as shadow defence secretary by
the Conservative Party?s leader,
Edward Heath. Powell left the party but
returned to the House of Commons in
October 1974 as the Ulster Unionist MP
for South Down. He died in 1998 at the
age of 85.
The BBC said: ?This is a rigorous
journalistic analysis of a historical political speech. It?s not an endorsement of
the controversial views and people
should wait to hear the programme
before they judge it.?
A spokeswoman for Ofcom said:
?Ofcom?s powers, granted by parliament, are as a post-broadcast
regulator. This means that we
wouldn?t check or approve any
broadcaster?s editorial content
before transmission.?
Anti-racism campaigners
and MPs will mark the 50th
anniversary next Friday by
holding an event to celebrate the multiculturalism of Birmingham.
The speakers will include
Preet Kaur Gill, the Labour MP for Edgbaston,
and Brendon Batson, who
played football for West
Bromwich Albion.
Sathnam Sanghera,
page 41
Universities Boss is paid
urged not to �8,000 for
dumb down defunct job
Rosemary Bennett Education Editor
Rosemary Bennett
Universities have been warned not to
dumb down their final-year examinations even if parts of the course have not
been taught properly because of the
lecturers? strike.
The Office for Students, the sector?s
new watchdog, has issued guidance for
all universities affected by the strike,
making clear that academic standards
must not be jeopardised and the ?value
of qualifications? must be upheld.
The 65 universities caught up in the
strike are still largely trying to work out
what to do about final-year exams,
which start in a few weeks. It is estimated that half a million teaching hours
were lost during the 14 days of strikes.
There are growing fears that in order
not to upset students, and to ensure that
they are treated fairly, universities will
err on the side of generosity when it
comes to marking exams. This could
lead to more firsts and upper seconds
being awarded. The sector has already
been warned about grade inflation.
Lecturers are voting on whether to
go back to work after an agreement was
reached with employers over the future
of their pensions. The result will be
known today.
The boss of the now defunct universities? regulator, widely criticised for failing to tackle excessive pay in the sector,
was paid �8,000 after it closed its
doors in March.
Madeleine Atkins, 65, was chief executive of the Higher Education Funding
Council for England (Hefce), which has
been replaced by the Office for Students. It ceased to function on March 31
but because her contract still had nine
months to run, she was awarded the
salary in full even though there is no
work to do. Lord Adonis, the former
education minister, called it ?an indefensible use of public money?.
Professor Atkins was head of Hefce
for the last four years, a period which
has seen pay among university bosses
spiral. Calls for restraint were ignored
and even the practice of vice-chancellors sitting on their own board?s remuneration committees continued.
According to Times Higher Education, Professor Atkins was entitled to
even more money but declined to take
a �,250 ?redundancy payment? and
had it paid to a charity. She will also
?make herself available? to provide
advice to the Office for Students.
the times | Friday April 13 2018
15
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News
Duke of Edinburgh on good form after hip replacement surgery
Valentine Low
The Duke of Edinburgh is ?on good
form? as he recovers in hospital from a
hip replacement, the princess royal said
yesterday.
The duke, 96, has been recuperating
at the King Edward VII Hospital in
London since the surgery on Wednesday of last week. Princess Anne is believed to have been the first member of
the royal family to visit him and her trip
to his bedside suggests that he is likely
to remain there for at least a few more
days.
After the operation, Buckingham
Palace said the duke was in good spirits
and ?progressing satisfactorily?. He will
need extensive rehabilitation and will
have to use crutches for the next four to
six weeks.
His next public appearance is likely
to be the wedding of Prince Harry and
Meghan Markle at St George?s Chapel,
Windsor Castle, on May 19.
Ms Markle has been criticised by her
half-sister, Samantha Grant, for ?inviting complete strangers to the royal
wedding, and not her family?.
Ms Grant, 53, made the remarks after
the couple?s decision to invite more
than 2,600 members of the public into
the grounds of Windsor Castle to see
the wedding procession.
Ms Grant, who has multiple sclerosis
and uses a wheelchair, tweeted on
Samantha Grant
at her graduation
with her half-sister
Meghan Markle
Wednesday: ?The Markle family is
looking forward to our wedding invites.
No one has one yet. Still waiting. I hope
London is wheelchair friendly. Excited!?
She later made pointed reference to
the decision to allow selected members
of the public into the castle grounds. ?At
issue is not a matter of closeness as
more than 1,000 complete strangers are
invited,? she said. ?Family is family. I
have an uncle I have only seen once but
I would never say he is not family
because we are not close. Humanitarians move forward with love and kindness especially to family.
?Smoke and mirrors cannot hide the
elephant in the room. Out of respect,
tradition and humanitarianism, the
#Markles should be invited if 2,000
complete strangers are invited.
?Our uncle who got her the internship, brother, me, best friend of 30 years
Nikki [Ninaki] Priddy, nephews. Fact.?
It was reported this week that neither
Theresa May nor the Obamas will
attend the wedding as Kensington Palace announced that there would be no
official guests. All 600 of those invited
EAMONN M. MCCORMACK/GETTY IMAGES; STEWART TURKINGTON/PA
Wine warning:
couple of glasses
a night shortens
life by two years
Chris Smyth Health Editor
Two glasses of wine a night could cut
two years off your life, the largest study
of its kind has concluded.
Drinking one glass every night starts
to harm your life expectancy and much
more than four bottles a week can take
off five years, according to some of the
first estimates of how soon alcohol will
kill you.
Each daily alcoholic unit above
recommended levels appears to shorten life as much as each daily cigarette,
experts calculated.
The findings also go some way to
resolving the question of whether
alcohol protects the heart, as some
studies have suggested, or damages it,
as others indicate. Both appear to be
true, with regular drinkers having a
lower risk of non-fatal heart attacks
but a higher risk of strokes and other
heart-related deaths.
?The key message of this research for
public health is that, if you already
drink alcohol, drinking less may help
you live longer,? Angela Wood of the
University of Cambridge, who led the
study, said.
She looked at data on 600,000
drinkers in 19 countries, most in Britain, who were followed for up to 30
years, during which time 40,000 died
and 39,000 suffered heart problems.
People?s risk of dying early started to
increase if they drank more than about
100g of alcohol a week, equivalent to
12.5 units or five and a half 175ml glasses
of 13 per cent ABV wine. Those who
drank 44 units a week ? less than four
and a half bottles ? were almost 50 per
cent more likely to die early, according
to results published in The Lancet.
For the first time Dr Wood?s team
was able to use this data to calculate
how much an average 40-year-old
might shorten their life by drinking
regularly. Those who drank between
12.5 and 25 units a week could expect to
live six months less than someone
drinking less. Compared with someone
drinking less than 12.5 weekly units,
those drinking 25 to 44 units a week
would lose one to two years and those
drinking more than 44 would lose four
or five years. ?Some people might be
happy to reduce their life expectancy
by that amount, whereas I would hope
many people would think, ?Hang on, I
want to do something about that?,? Dr
Wood said. She cautioned that these
were averages: ?Some people will keel
over at 41 and some will live to 100?.
She said it was great that NHS guidelines had recently been cut to 14 units a
week, which she said was broadly the
same as the safe level in her study. She
argued that countries with higher limits should follow suit. The US recommends men drink less than 24 units and
women less than 12, while in Poland the
male limit is 35 units.
Because her study was so large,
Dr Wood was able to tease out alcohol?s
contradictory effect on the heart, with
a 6 per cent lower risk of non-fatal
heart attacks but a 14 per cent higher
risk of stroke for each 12.5 weekly units.
She said that this might be connected to the higher levels of ?good? cholesterol drinkers tended to have but
warned that the results were of little
comfort to those who had convinced
themselves that a nightly glass of red
was good for the heart. ?Yes, your risk
of a non-fatal heart attack will decrease, but your risk of stroke, heart
failure, non-fatal hypertensive disease
increases,? she said.
Sir David Spiegelhalter of the University of Cambridge said: ?This is a
massive and very impressive study. It
estimates that, compared to those who
only drink a little, people who drink at
the current UK guidelines suffer no
overall harm in terms of death rates,
and have 20 per cent fewer heart
attacks. But above two units a day, the
death rates steadily climb . . . It?s as if
each unit above guidelines is taking, on
average, about 15 minutes of life, about
the same as a cigarette. Of course it?s up
to individuals whether they think this
is worthwhile.?
Tim Chico of the University of Sheffield said: ?I would not be surprised if
the heaviest drinkers lost as many
years of life as a smoker. This study
makes clear that on balance there are
no health benefits from drinking alcohol, which is usually the case when
things sound too good to be true.?
Leading article, page 29
have a direct relationship with Harry or
Ms Markle. However, 2,640 members
of the public will be invited into the
castle grounds, including 1,200 people
who have demonstrated strong leadership in their communities.
6 Almost three quarters of unmarried
millennials plan to tie the knot one day,
even though the marriage rate among
young people is plummeting. A survey
of 1,085 people aged between 18 and 34
for the Church of England found only
13 per cent said they had ?no real interest? or ?no intention? of marrying. The
average age of brides and grooms was
34.3 and 36.7 in 2013 compared to 26.1
and 28.8 in 1972. The Rev Sandra Millar
said she found the survey encouraging.
Having a ball At 91, the Queen easily qualified for a visit to the King George VI Day Centre in Windsor, where she chatted
to residents during an exercise class. The centre, which the Queen opened in 1958, was marking its 60th anniversary
Students more likely to kill themselves
Greg Hurst Social Affairs Editor
Suicide rates among students in Britain
have overtaken those of people aged
20-24 in the general population for the
first time. In 2007 there were 6.6 deaths
per 100,000 students; by 2016 the figure
had risen to 10.3, an increase of 56 per
cent, Hong Kong University said.
The researchers said that the rate of
the increase meant it was not simply a
reflection of the expansion of higher
education. While the number of university students in Britain increased by
5 per cent between 2012 and 2016, the
total number of suicides increased by
32 per cent, from 139 to 183 deaths. The
increase in suicides was particularly
marked among women students,
whose risk of suicide was 20 per cent
higher than that for young females who
are not students. There were 51 suicides
among women students in 2016, up
from 22 in 2012.
Edward Pinkney, a British graduate
based at Hong Kong University who
co-authored the study, said: ?Concerns
about students? mental health have
been increasing since the economic recession, but until now there has been no
comprehensive analysis of UK student
suicide data. This is the first time we can
conclusively say that as far as suicide is
concerned, there is a real problem in
higher education.?
Nick Hillman, director of the Higher
Education Policy Institute think tank,
called on the government to revisit laws
that ban universities from contacting
the friends and family of students who
are struggling.
He said: ?This is very important research. We have known for some time
that low wellbeing and high anxiety are
more common among students than
other young people. But it now seems
very serious instances of mental illhealth are more prevalent too.?
16
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Friday April 13 2018 | the times
News
DARREN O?BRIEN/GUZELIAN
A&E units missing
wait target for over
half of patients
Chris Smyth Health Editor
Artistic handiwork An installation in Sheffield by the South Korean artist Hun-Joo Koo spells out ?imagine? in sign language
More than half of A&E patients at two
hospitals waited more than four
hours for treatment last month as the
NHS registered another record low
performance.
Freezing weather meant that a
record number of people attended accident and emergency departments in
March. Only 84.6 per cent were dealt
with within four hours, the lowest proportion since records began in 2010.
Doctors said that the NHS was entering ?eternal winter?. The figures will
intensify pressure on Theresa May to
increase healthcare spending after a
poll published yesterday revealed a
marked increase among the public in
willingness to pay extra tax for the NHS.
After a winter in which senior doctors said that patients were dying on
corridors in overcrowded hospitals,
staff would usually expect respite in
March. Instead a record 526,398
patients needed emergency beds and
only 76.4 per cent in big A&Es were
seen inside four hours, also a record.
The main emergency unit in Blackpool dealt with only 48.3 per cent of
Bottom of the list
Worst performing big A&E units in
March:
Blackpool Teaching Hospitals NHS
Foundation Trust
48.3% of patients admitted or
discharged within four hours
Hillingdon Hospitals NHS
Foundation Trust, London 48.7%
Lancashire Teaching Hospitals NHS
Foundation Trust 53.3%
Worcestershire Acute Hospitals NHS
Trust 56.8%
Wrightington, Wigan and Leigh NHS
Foundation Trust 60.2%
Source: NHS England
patients within four hours. Hillingdon
Hospitals Trust in London managed
only 48.7 per cent, making last month
the first in which two hospitals had
fallen below 50 per cent. Fifty-seven
A&E departments fell below 75 per
cent; the target is 95 per cent.
Nick Scriven, president of the
Society for Acute Medicine, said that
the figures were ?the clearest indication
yet of the eternal winter we now face in
the NHS?, adding: ?This should be a
turning point in how we approach all
planning from now on.?
Official data also show that targets
for routine surgery have not been met
for two years, after a large number of
cancellations to free up beds this winter. Only 87.9 per cent of patients
started treatment within 18 weeks of
referral in February, the worst figure for
nine years. The target figure of 92 per
cent was last met in February 2016.
Ian Eardley, of the Royal College of
Surgeons, said: ?A&E departments
were snowed under by the second big
freeze of the winter, with heavy demand carrying on well into March. This
has resulted in some hospitals continuing to cancel planned operations.?
Taj Hassan, president of the Royal
College of Emergency Medicine, said:
?Comments from the government about
an increase in funding are very welcome, yet it?s disappointing that we?ve
had to get to this point for any meaningful action to even be considered. This
should be the final wake-up call . . .
patients are getting sicker and we don?t
have enough staff or beds.?
Last month Mrs May promised a tenyear NHS plan to include regular budget increases. Yesterday the British
Social Attitudes Survey reported that
61 per cent of voters were willing to pay
more tax for the NHS, a jump of 12 percentage points in a year. Fifty-six per
cent of Conservatives were in favour, up
13 points in a year and 23 since 2014.
Phillippa Hentsch, of NHS Providers, said the survey showed that ?the
public understands . . . and is prepared
to pay more for the NHS?.
Social care will suffer from
NHS pay rises, bosses fear
Greg Hurst Social Affairs Editor
Chris Smyth
Pay rises for NHS staff risk undermining social care and GP surgeries by
luring workers away, leaders of professional bodies have warned.
A deal that will give more than a million NHS staff pay rises of at least
6.5 per cent over three years would
backfire and be ?hugely damaging? to
efforts to look after the elderly closer to
home, they said.
Skilled and experienced care workers, many of whom are among the lowest paid in England, are likely to switch
to NHS hospitals if councils are not
able to match rises of up to 29 per cent,
the new leader of Britain?s social services bosses believes. Many care homes
and providers of care in people?s own
homes are already struggling to recruit
staff as the sector is squeezed by a funding deficit of about �billion a year.
Glen Garrod, president of the Association of Directors of Social Services,
which represents those who commis-
sion care for local authorities, said that
the sector was already hampered by
poor public understanding of the services it provided and the mistaken view
that it is ?an adjunct of the NHS?.
Mr Garrod, director of adult social
services in Lincolnshire, said some providers had already lost skilled staff to
the NHS because of pay disparities. ?If
you are not being paid very much,
�000 or �000 a year is a lot,? he said.
Nurses and other staff in GP surgeries, which are independent contractors
to the NHS, are also outside the pay
deal. ?It would be hugely damaging if
they felt no alternative but to move jobs
at the very moment people want care
closer to their home,? Josie Irwin, of the
Royal College of Nursing, said.
A Department of Health and Social
Care spokeswoman said: ?We are committed to ensuring all workers are rewarded fairly . . . We have launched a
consultation on the future of the social
care workforce aimed at addressing
current and anticipated workforce
challenges.?
the times | Friday April 13 2018
17
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News
Geriatric sex tourism in the Gambia shocked me, says Leith
Jerome Starkey
The chef and television presenter Prue
Leith has described the Gambia as a
Tinder dream for geriatrics.
Leith, 78, has been candid in the past
about her sex life with her husband,
John Playfair, 71, but she said they were
shocked by the number of elderly sex
tourists in the former British colony.
?It?s a kind of real-life Tinder dream
for geriatrics,? she wrote in The Specta-
tor. ?The beach was full of elderly white
European women happily strolling
along hand in hand with beautiful
young Gambian men.?
Leith, a Great British Bake Off judge,
said that she and her husband had gone
to the Gambia?s Atlantic beach resorts
for a spot of winter sun but were
constantly accosted by suitors offering
to be their ?friends?.
?If John or I walked alone on the
beach, within seconds a charming if
overeager ?beach bumster? of the opposite sex would tag along, offering to be
a ?friend?,? she wrote.
The country was pushed to the brink
of war last year when troops from
neighbouring Senegal occupied the
capital, Banjul, after forcing its dictator,
Yahya Jammeh, to step down after
22 years in power.
Now the Gambia is led by Adama
Barrow, a former estate agent who
worked as a security guard at an Argos
Pru Leith
described the
winter sun hotspot
as a Tinder dream
for older white
women
store when he moved to Britain as an
economic migrant in the early 2000s.
The majority Muslim nation is one of
world?s poorest countries, languishing
in 175th place out of 188 in the UN?s
human development index.
Leith said she and her husband were
drawn to the country by its ?perfect
climate, white beaches,? and because
English was the national language.
She wrote: ?There were some geriatrics who, like us, hadn?t come in search
of sex. Many had been going to the
country for years and loved it. But those
faithful returners mostly thought they
wouldn?t be doing so for much longer.?
LEWIS CLARKE/APEX; SWNS
The theories
Building works Unless
a Bond villain has built
a secret lair beneath
Willand, it is unlikely
there have been any
projects large enough
to cause this uplift.
Likelihood: 2/5
Peat bog Some big
elevation changes are
down to bogs draining
or filling with water. But
there is no peatland in
the vicinity. 1/5
Mystery of village
rising 2cm a year
P
erhaps it is the
vicar?s soaring
homilies in St
Mary?s church.
Or perhaps a
see-saw reaction to the
weight of all the JCBs at
the Diggerland theme
park next door (Oliver
Moody writes).
For reasons at present
obscure, the mid-Devon
village of Willand is
rising by 2cm a year. All
other things being equal,
it is on course to become
the highest spot in
England in a mere
44,000 years? time.
While the uplift is
probably imperceptible
to locals, it is one of the
fastest in the country. It
may subtly affect the
nearby M5 and a section
of the rail line leading to
Exeter, Plymouth and
Penzance. The mystery
emerged from the first
satellite-based radar
survey to determine
which parts of Britain
are going up or down in
the world with
millimetre-scale
precision. Four hundred
miles above the Earth?s
surface, two probes
collectively known as
Sentinel-1 have been
firing radio waves at the
ground and measuring
how long it takes them
to bounce back.
Geomatic Ventures
Limited (GVL) used the
changes in these
readings over time to
End of mining The
ground level can rise or
fall as tunnels begin to
sag or water trickles
back in. But the nearest
mines are more than
ten miles away. 0/5
Aquifer The most
plausible reason is that
an underground
reservoir is beginning
to fill again. 4/5
Give it another 44,000 years and Willand, in mid-Devon, is set to become the highest spot in the country
Rail Taunton
line
A38
M5
Willand
A30
Honiton
2 miles
build a sort of heat map
showing how some 90m
squares of the country
are sinking while others
are on the rise.
There are red blotches
of heavy subsidence
around former coal
fields in the Black
Country, Yorkshire and
Nottinghamshire, and
others in Highland peat
bogs. In Kennington
Park, by the Oval
cricket ground in south
London, a ?subsidence
bowl? with a diameter of
half a kilometre has
formed over a shaft sunk
during the extension of
the Northern Line. Some
parts of the prospective
HS2 line, particularly
around Chesterfield in
Russian banker ?may have
died from eating bad sushi?
Dominic Kennedy Investigations Editor
A Russian businessman who dropped
dead while jogging in Britain may have
been killed by bad fish eaten with his
mistress in Paris the night before, an
inquest was told yesterday.
The unexplained death of Alexander
Perepilichnyy, who was too scared to go
to his homeland, has led to theories that
he was murdered by the Russians. He
was helping Swiss prosecutors investigating a fraud by Russian officials and
had been pursued for money by a business led by a Russian suspected of killing Alexander Litvinenko in 2006.
However, a cardiologist said that the
banker?s cause of death could have been
irregular heart rhythms resulting from
food poisoning contracting during a
weekend in Paris.
Mr Perepilichnyy?s apparent use of
Viagra around the time he met his lover
may have contributed to his death,
through an adverse reaction with the
food poisoning or from someone doctoring the pills, the inquest was told.
Paul Rice, a Ministry of Defence
health expert, said Mr Perepilichnyy
had no symptoms of poisoning by novichok, the nerve agent used against Sergei Skripal and his daughter, and it was
more likely that he had died of natural
causes.
Geoffrey Kite, biochemistry laboratory manager at Kew Gardens, said no
trace of plant toxin had been found in
his body despite early reports of gelsemium, a shrub used by Russian and
Chinese poisoners.
Mr Perepilichnyy, 44, died near his
home in Weybridge, Surrey, in November 2012. The night before he had eaten
at the Buddha Bar, near the Champs蒷ys閑s. Elmira Medynska, a Ukrainian
fashion designer now aged 28, has told
the inquest he was disappointed by the
sushi and tempura and sent some back.
At their hotel he vomited, she said.
The next morning he appeared well
and had a good appetite at breakfast
before flying to Britain. He ate sorrel
soup prepared by his wife, Tatiana, and
went for a jog.
Peter Wilmshurst, a consultant cardiologist, said that the symptoms were
consistent with histamine poisoning
from tuna, mackerel or salmon. This
can cause irregular heart rhythms.
Bob Moxon Browne, QC, for the life
insurers Legal & General, asked why no
traces of sorrel had been found in Mr
Perepilichnyy?s stomach ?unless what
he ate was not, in fact, sorrel?.
Robin Ferner, a professor of clinical
pharmacology and a poisons expert,
told the Old Bailey that it would have
been possible for someone to replace a
Viagra pill with a fatal substance. However, he considered that no known
poison that could produce symptoms
like Mr Perepilichnyy?s was likely to
have been involved, and said it was
?quite likely? that he had been poisoned
by bad fish. The inquest continues.
Derbyshire, are being
heavily rumpled as the
landscape adjusts to the
end of coal mining.
Willand, however, is
another story. ?It?s very
interesting,? Andy
Sowter, GVL?s chief
technology officer, said.
?When I look at the
images I can explain 99
per cent of everything.
You can zoom in and
say: ?That?s peat, that?s a
coal mine, that?s a
landslide.? But not this
one. The area is quite
significant.
?It?s 2km wide and it?s
a big uplift, but there?s
no coal mine, no
peatland, no anything
that could explain it as
far as I know.?
Transgender activist denies
thumping radical feminist
Lucy Bannerman
A transgender activist punched a
60-year-old radical feminist in Hyde
Park during a rally against changes to
the Gender Recognition Act, a court
has heard.
Tara Wolf, 26, who was born male but
identifies as female, is accused of striking Maria MacLachlan on the arm and
neck and knocking her to her knees
during a scuffle at Speakers? Corner on
the evening of September 13 last year.
Ms MacLachlan was among a group
of feminists who had gathered to discuss proposed changes to the Gender
Recognition Act that would allow
people to self-declare their legal gender.
The court heard that Ms MacLachlan suffered bruising when she was
allegedly punched and pushed to the
ground during the clash, which began
when a rival group of transgender activists started chanting: ?When the Terfs
attack, we fight back.? Terf stands for
?trans-exclusionary radical feminist?.
Ms MacLachlan said that she had
started filming the group when they
began chanting, and shouted at them:
?Who?s attacking who??
She told Hendon magistrates? court
that one of the protesters snatched her
camera. She clung on to the protester
?to stop him getting away?, she added.
Ms MacLachlan said that Ms Wolf
and another protester then ran up and
?started thumping me?.
By the time she managed to get her
camera back, she said, it was damaged
beyond repair. She claims that Ms Wolf
struck her with a closed fist. Ms Wolf,
who faces one charge of assault by
beating, admits being involved in the
fracas but insists that she was acting in
self-defence.
Ms MacLachlan had to be repeatedly
told to refer to the defendant as female
by Judge Kenneth Grant.
Ms Wolf said that she had feared that
he complainant was filming her to ?out?
her online. ?Terfs have a history of
taking people?s pictures and posting
them in pages like GenderIdentityWatch.com, a database that makes us a
target for the far-right,? she said.
The trial continues.
18
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RM
Friday April 13 2018 | the times
News
Plea for peace at site
of burglar?s death
Neighbours of the
pensioner who stabbed a
burglar to death in south
London have asked
people to stop tearing
down tributes to the dead
man, warning that it
could inflame tensions.
Flowers, balloons and
tribute cards to Henry
Vincent, 37, have been
repeatedly put up, torn
down and replaced on a
fence opposite the house
where Richard OsbornBrooks, 78, killed him.
The street in Hither
Green was quiet yesterday
with no flowers on the
fence. Police have
defended the right of the
dead man?s relatives to
leave tributes. Sir Craig
Mackey, the Metropolitan
Police deputy
commissioner, has said
that Vincent?s death was a
tragedy for his family.
The Neighbourhood
Watch Group for South
Park Crescent and
Further Green Road said:
?We would like to send an
appeal to persons outside
the immediate
neighbourhood to be
mindful of the delicate
nature of this time of
remorse and their actions
of removing the flowers
which may inflame the
situation. Mr Vincent has
daughters who would like
to visit and pay their
respects but feel unable to
. . . The family have
advised they would like to
mourn and move on.?
Parachute trial sergeant
?contacted prostitutes?
A former Army sergeant
accused of twice trying to
kill his wife to claim her
�0,000 life insurance
had contacted prostitutes
before deciding to murder
her, his retrial was told
yesterday.
Emile Cilliers,,
38, allegedly
tried to cause
a fatal gas
explosion
and then
removed vital
parts from the
parachute of hiss
wife, Victoria,
ormed a
before she performed
skydive. When the
parachute failed Mrs
Cilliers, 40, fell 4,000ft to
the ground, suffering a
broken leg, ribs, pelvis and
spinal injuries. She spent
three weeks in hospital.
Winchester crown
court was told that Mr
Cilliers ? left, with
Victoria ? has already
stood trial once, with no
verdict Michael
verdict.
Bow QC, for
Bowes,
the prosecution,
sa that at the
said
ti
time
of the
aattempted
m
murder
Mr
C
Cilliers
was
hav
having
two
affair including
affairs,
with his ex-wife, and
ma
?was also making
contact
with a number of
prostitutes?. Mr Cilliers, of
Aldershot, denies all
charges. The trial
continues.
IN THE TIMES
T O M O R ROW
SATURDAY REVIEW
THE
ULTIMATE
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Greatest
dramas in
history revealed
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TRAINERS
AND TIARAS
Are you a Meghan
or a Kate?
POSH, WHITE
AND PRIVILEGED
My problem
with Oxbridge, by
Sathnam Sanghera
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the times | Friday April 13 2018
19
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News
JOHN COUPLAND/SWNS
Former Rochdale council chief
?lied to child abuse inquiry?
Gabriella Swerling
Northern Correspondent
A former council leader has been suspended by the Labour Party after the
Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual
Abuse concluded that he had lied to it.
Last October Richard Farnell, 59,
gave evidence under oath that he knew
nothing about an abuse scandal when
he was in charge of Rochdale town hall
between 1986 and 1992. He abruptly left
during his second term as leader weeks
later, blaming a ?small minority? of
Labour members for ?undermining?
his leadership after the inquiry hearing.
In a report published yesterday the
inquiry (IICSA) said it ?defies belief?
that he was unaware of child sex abuse
in the Greater Manchester town. It said
he appeared ?bullish, self-opinionated
and unyielding? while giving evidence
and concluded that he had ?lied to the
inquiry?. The inquiry has heard evidence about allegations from the early
1960s to the mid 1990s. Boys as young
as 11 were exploited at the council-run
Knowl View School and Cambridge
House boys? hostel and in the town
centre. More than 40 men said they
were abused at the schools.
Mr Farnell was a serving Labour
councillor until yesterday when the
party confirmed his suspension. Greater
Manchester police said that it would
consult the IICSA about any offences.
In a statement Mr Farnell apologised
to those who had suffered because of
the council?s mistakes. ?I am shocked at
the findings,? he said. ?I told the truth.?
The IICSA found that from 1989 the
police, the council?s social services and
education departments and Knowl
View staff knew that children were
being sexually exploited. It said there
was a ?wholly inadequate response? but
no ?deliberate cover-up?.
The inquiry said that the former MP
Paul Rowen, 62, who led the council in
the mid-1990s, was at best ?insufficiently inquisitive? about abuse at the school
and at worst ?turned a blind eye?. Mr
Rowen said that these comments were
?ridiculous?.
The report said that in 1998 a ?valuable opportunity? was missed to prosecute Cyril Smith, the late Liberal MP
who was a governor at Knowl View and
the subject of abuse allegations and
investigations. The Crown Prosecution
Service advised against charging him
despite a ?realistic prospect of conviction?. It said its approach would be ?very
different today?. The council apologised
and said officials and school staff had
?failed in their most basic duty of care?.
Oxford college investigates past sex claims
Rosemary Bennett Education Editor
Up, up and away A robin is at full stretch as it takes to the air in Lynford, Norfolk
An Oxford college is investigating allegations of historical sexual misconduct.
St Hugh?s has appointed Alison Levitt,
QC, who carried out a review into the
decision not to prosecute Jimmy Savile,
to lead the inquiry after ?claims about
the behaviour of a now-deceased
fellow?. This is understood to be David
Robertson, a politics tutor who taught
there from 1979 and died last August.
After his death, Melanie McGrath, an
author, accused him of ?doing a Weinstein on me? ? a reference to the Hollywood producer Harvey Weinstein ?
when she studied philosophy, politics
and economics there in the 1980s.
St Hugh?s said allegations had been
made by two former students. It has
asked Ms Levitt and her firm, Mishcon
de Reya, to investigate the claims and
?whether the circumstances of these or
of similar allegations were known to
the members of the governing body or
management staff. If so, to report on the
adequacy and appropriateness of the
college?s responses.? St Hugh?s, founded
in 1886, admitted only women until
1987. Its alumnae include Theresa May.
20
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Friday April 13 2018 | the times
News
DAVID SIMS/WENN
Laser tweezers
build molecule
atom by atom
DNA test to predict
fatal kidney cancer
Oliver Moody Science Correspondent
Hundreds of people with kidney cancer
could be spared surgery with a DNA
test that can identify whether tumours
are likely to be highly aggressive or
relatively harmless, scientists say.
The number of Britons diagnosed
with the disease each year has nearly
doubled since the mid-1990s to 12,600,
largely because of rising obesity. It is
forecast to increase by another 26 per
cent over the next 17 years.
While some kinds of kidney cancer
grow and metastasise around the body
with lethal speed, others do not appear
to pose much of a threat.
At present it is extremely difficult for
doctors to tell the difference between
the two. Researchers in London,
however, have identified the genetic
signatures that show what path each
tumour is likely to follow.
They also discovered that the ?seeds?
of kidney cancer are usually sown in
childhood when strands of DNA in a
few hundred cells become irreparably
damaged.
If the findings can be turned into a
test, it will not only eliminate the need
for more than a thousand operations a
year, but also help oncologists to
choose the most effective mixture of
treatments for an individual patient.
Three papers published together in
the journal Cell describe the evolution
of the tumours in 100 patients at the
Royal Marsden and Guy?s and St
Thomas? NHS hospitals.
The problem is that tumours are like
small societies made up of numerous
genetically different cell types. By
conducting a population census of the
cancer, researchers can predict
whether it will remain stable or
whether a particularly aggressive type
of cell will take over.
The breakthrough is especially
promising for the 4,000 or so patients a
year who are found to have thumbsized tumours called small renal
masses. Tim O?Brien, a senior surgeon
on the team, estimates that in up to half
of these cases there is no need to cut out
the lump, which could instead be
monitored.
Samra Turajlic, a clinician scientist at
the Francis Crick Institute and one of
the lead authors, said her laboratory
was now building a test based on the
results. It may involve taking half a
dozen biopsies to obtain a complete
genetic picture of each tumour, or it
could take the form of a DNA blood test
known as a ?liquid? biopsy.
Sir Harpal Kumar, chief executive of
Cancer Research UK, which funded the
science, said: ?We are learning from the
history of these tumours to be better
able to predict the future. This is profoundly important, because it means
we can hopefully predict the pattern
the cancer will take for each individual
patient.?
Tom Whipple Science Editor
Head start Racegoers arrive for the opening of the three-day Grand National
festival at Aintree. The event has no official dress code but ?smart is preferable?
A pair of ?optical tweezers? made of
light have been used to manipulate individual atoms and combine them into
a single molecule for the first time.
The scientists behind the feat said it
could allow the construction of designer molecules, built atom by atom, as
well as allowing for far more precise experiments.
Chemistry generally works on the
basis of probability. A lot of atoms or
molecules are put in the same place,
and the hope is that some will collide
and react. The new research, by scientists from Harvard University, took a
far more exacting approach.
For their experiment, published in
the journal Science, they used lasers to
supercool sodium and caesium atoms
to a state in which they barely moved.
Then they trapped one of each in two
tightly focused laser beams, using a tool
known as optical tweezers.
?We are able to move the atoms
around, similar to a laser pointer,? said
Lee Liu, from Harvard. He and his colleagues merged them together in a
single beam, before using a flash of light
to trigger a chemical reaction.
Mr Liu, who is studying for a PhD,
said that he hoped this would help
chemists control and understand experiments better. He said this was a
demonstration of a new kind of chemistry. ?It?s more akin to putting together
Lego than mixing together chemicals.?
the times | Friday April 13 2018
21
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News
MORITZ WOLF/IMAGEBROKER/REX/SHUTTERSTOCK; ALAMY
Venue sounds alarm
over cash shortage
A
classical
music venue
that has
hosted
concerts by
Pl醕ido Domingo, Philip
Glass and Nigel
Kennedy could close
next year unless it finds
a new source of funding
(Richard Morrison and
Valentine Low write).
St John?s, Smith
Square, London, is
losing �0,000 a year. It
does not receive any
subsidy and without a
fresh injection of cash
its reserves will run out.
Richard Heason, the
director, said that it had
to survive on ticket sales
and donations and if it
did not find ?another
source of extraordinary
money of some sort,
then the money would
run out by the end of
next summer?.
St John?s, designed by
Thomas Archer and
built between 1714 and
1728, is in the heart of
Westminster, where it
served as a parish
church for 200 years.
It was gutted during
the Blitz but was
restored and opened as a
concert hall in 1969.
The baroque St John?s, Smith Square, was bombed in the Blitz but is now drawing stronger audiences than ever to its classical music concerts
Since then it has hosted
300 concerts a year,
including the world
premieres of works by
Boulez, Birtwistle,
Copland and Tippett.
It was popular with
politicians and civil
servants. Ed Vaizey, the
former arts minister,
attended lunchtime
concerts when he
worked at Conservative
Central Office.
Mr Vaizey said: ?St
John?s, Smith Square, is
one of the jewels in
London?s crown. It
would be wonderful if
the European
Commission, whose
office is directly
opposite, would step in
to support them to show
that cultural dialogue
will still exist even in the
world of Brexit.? Mr
Heason said audience
figures had doubled in
the past five years.
It was becoming
difficult, however, to
Police seize sub-machinegun and
arrest boy, 14, in drug gang raids
John Simpson Crime Correspondent
A sub-machinegun and pistol have
been seized and nine arrests made in
the first of a series of raids on gangs that
use children as drug mules.
A 14-year-old boy was arrested on
suspicion of drug running alongside
eight gang leaders said to have had a
lavish lifestyle, with expensive cars and
holidays in Dubai. The guns were recovered with a large quantity of ammunition, cash and suspected Class A
drugs.
About 200 officers carried out the
raids across west London on Wednesday night in an attempt to break up the
drug-dealing network. Police alleged
that the criminals had ?corrupted children? and were using them to ferry
drugs.
Sadiq Khan, the mayor of London,
praised the raids after a month of
bloodshed brought the total of murders
in the capital to more than 50 this year.
Among them were ten children and
teenagers.
A serious crime strategy released by
Amber Rudd, the home secretary, recognised increased concerns over the
rising number of children convicted of
drug crimes. The strategy, heavily criticised for failing to mention cuts to officer numbers, also announced �6 million for a national ?county lines? centre
to tackle the spread of crack cocaine
and heroin from urban hubs into rural
and seaside towns and villages.
Scotland Yard said that the gang targeted yesterday was known as MDP,
which stands for Murder Dem Pussies
or Money Drugs and Power. Officers
found a Skorpion machine pistol,
another handgun, 40 rounds of ammunition, and a kilogram of suspected
class A drugs.
Detective Inspector Driss Hayoukane said: ?This is a massive blow to an
established gang. What we?ve taken out
is probably a line which has been sup-
plying the Earls Court and Fulham
areas. These gangs have corrupted
children and are using them to ferry
drugs. If you look across London these
are the kids that are getting involved in
violence and stabbings because they
are generally on the streets while the
suppliers are removed from it, collecting the cash.?
Mr Hayoukane said that drug money
had allowed gang members to buy
expensive cars and take extravagant
holidays.
The MDP gang was responsible for
the killing of a schoolboy who had been
part of a rap group that preached
against gang violence in 2007. Kodjo
Yenga, 16, had told a documentary of
his concerns that the ?stabbings are getting worse? before one of three MDP
teenagers stabbed him in the heart.
A leaked police database suggests
that the rapper Akelle Charles, 27, is a
former member of the gang. Charles
had said that he had turned his back on
criminality. He was jailed in August,
however, for being part of a gang that
stormed a house wearing motorcycle
helmets. They attacked a 60-year-old
woman and a man.
The musician wrote an open letter to
his fans and family apologising for ?letting past situations draw me out and act
in a way I thought I had left behind me?.
Brian Odour, 27, another MDP gang
member, was jailed for 15 years after a
police stop-and-search operation
found a loaded gun tucked into his
trousers and a knife hidden in his car.
Cressida Dick, commissioner of the
Metropolitan Police, who was on patrol
in Hackney, east London, on Wednesday evening, said about the gang:
?Several of them have a history of serious violence. At least one is suspected
of regularly using a firearm. They?ve
been exploiting vulnerable people.
Very young people have been engaged
in the drug-dealing operation. So they
need to be locked up.?
Netflix is ruining the cinema experience, says Mirren
Kaya Burgess
The trend for shunning the cinema to
watch films at home on streaming
services such as Netflix has been
?devastating?
for
film-makers,
according to Dame Helen Mirren.
She said there was a sea change
under way in the industry and watching
films was no longer a ?communal
thing? as people could do it on their
own.
Mirren said that she was aware of the
impact of technology through her
husband, Taylor Hackford, 72, the
American director.
She said: ?It?s devastating for
people like my husband, film directors, because they want their
movies to be watched in a
cinema with a group of people.
So it?s a communal thing. An
audience, a movie, and you?re
all in it together. You?re
frightened, you laugh,
you all cry together. So it?s a
communal thing. And that?s
beginning to disappear.?
Mirren, 72, said that she
watched films on her iPad Pro but
added: ?I prefer to watch it in a
beautiful cinema with amazing
sound. So, yes, it?s changing
rapidly, and that change will
continue.?
She said that social media
Helen Mirren: a film should
be a ?communal thing?
had also affected an actor?s privacy,
adding: ?There is no understanding of
privacy now. Privacy is completely
gone. Random people taking photos,
emails being hacked, people doing
screen grabs, it used to be if you did a
nude scene, for example, closed set, no
photography. Now they take a screen
shot from the movie and put it on the
internet, for everybody to see.?
Mirren?s comments were reported
in Total Film. She stars in The Leisure
Seeker, released next month.
balance the books.
?Unlike any other
concert hall of our
stature or size, we do not
receive any structural
funding from any public
source,? he said.
Richard Morrison, Times2
MP?s daughter
died in ?toxic?
relationship
The daughter of the deputy speaker of
the Commons had been in a ?toxic? relationship before she was found dead in
her bedroom, an inquest was told.
Natalie Lewis-Hoyle, 28, whose
father is Sir Lindsay Hoyle, died in Heybridge, Essex, on December 15. Miriam
Lewis told the hearing in Chelmsford
that her daughter had been reflecting
on a troubled relationship but was
?finally coming to terms with the fact
that it wasn?t going to go anywhere?.
Essex police concluded that there
were no suspicious circumstances in
the parish councillor?s death, which was
accepted by the court. But her parents
Natalie LewisHoyle, 28, was
found dead in
her bedroom
told the inquest that they were troubled
by phone calls they believed had affected their daughter?s state of mind. They
said she had expressed no intention to
kill herself. Sir Lindsay, the Labour MP
for Chorley, said he believed that what
happened had been ?a reaction to that
phone call?. Mrs Lewis, a Conservative
district councillor in Maldon, said there
had been an ?attack? a few weeks
before, when the relationship ?was
really, really deteriorating?.
The coroner said: ?She was in a somewhat troubled relationship.? Mrs Lewis
responded: ?A very toxic relationship.?
A post-mortem examination gave
the cause of death as compression of
the neck consistent with hanging. Caroline Beasley-Murray, the Essex coroner, recorded an open verdict.
22
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Friday April 13 2018 | the times
News
Father leads protest to
take Alfie out of hospital
Obsessed rapist beat woman and kept her as sex slave
A young woman was beaten, raped
and kept captive as a sex slave by a
man who warned her: ?This is going
to be the worst night of your life?
(John Simpson writes). The
victim, who cannot be
identified, had agreed to
meet Thomas Patton at a
food fair in Huddersfield.
Patton, 21, right, was said
to be obsessed with her
and had threatened to hurt
her family if she did not see
The father of Alfie Evans, the
terminally ill boy who has been at the
centre of a legal battle over his care,
led a protest last night in an attempt
to take his son from the hospital in
Liverpool where he is being treated.
Tom Evans, 21, claimed to have
papers from the Christian Legal
Centre allowing him to remove the
23-month-old child, who has a
degenerative brain disease. He said
that Alder Hey Children?s Hospital
was stopping him. Dozens of
protesters gathered outside the
hospital and police were called to
monitor the situation. A High Court
judge has set a date to switch off
Alfie?s life support, but when it will
happen cannot be reported. The
hospital did not comment.
Student harassed lecturer over cartoon ?mockery?
A student threatened to chop off a
lecturer?s penis because she thought
that a cartoon on her reading list was
mocking her sexual inexperience.
Stephanie Christol, 30, aimed a
campaign of harassment at
Christopher Dillon at King?s College
London, Westminster magistrates?
court was told. Dr Dillon, who had
been helping with her dissertation on
Boy has arm reattached
after spin drier accident
Surgeons have reattached the arm of
a three-year-old boy after it was
ripped off in an accident. The
unnamed boy had tried to climb in to
a spin drier in a caravan at
Eastchurch Holiday Centre on the
Isle of Sheppey, in Kent, on Monday.
Paramedics and doctors and the
crew of an air ambulance were sent to
the scene. He was taken to King?s
College Hospital, London, by road
with the severed arm packed in ice to
preserve it. Surgeons carried out a
lengthy procedure using
microsurgery. A spokesman for the
holiday park said that further
operations were planned but added:
?We have been told that things went
well, which is excellent news.?
him. After the fair she went to his
house to talk, but once inside he
locked the door and snapped her
mobile phone in half, Leeds crown
court was told. Patton raped the
wom repeatedly until the
woman
se
second
day, when her father
a
arrived
at his home and she
fl Patton was found
fled.
g
guilty
of seven charges of
ra assault and false
rape,
im
imprisonment
and will be
sent
sentenced
on May 9.
films of the First World War, had not
sent the list, which included a cartoon
called ?The Virgin Snail?. She sent
emails, Facebook messages and letters
detailing her difficult childhood.
Christol, of Islington, north London,
was convicted of harassment and
given a 12-month community order.
She was also given a ten-year
restraining order and a campus ban.
Number of old bangers on
roads triples as tax rises
Last lion tamer loses appeal against ban from circus
Thomas Chipperfield, Britain?s last
lion tamer, has been refused a licence
to use three big cats in a travelling
circus. His appeal against a decision
made by the Department for
Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
(Defra) last July was dismissed in
court in January, according to a
freedom of information request by
the BBC, published yesterday. Mr
Chipperfield, above, from Winchester,
Hampshire, told the BBC that he was
pursuing a second appeal and had
?consistently acted in good faith with
my team on the advice given by the
circus licensing panel and their
inspectors?. A spokesman for Defra
said that it remained ?absolute? in its
commitment to ban the use of wild
animals in circuses.
The proportion of cars on the road
that are more than 13 years old has
almost tripled in the past 20 years,
Department for Transport figures
show. Motoring groups blamed
changes to road tax that have made
80 per cent of new cars more
expensive to run. Registrations of new
vehicles fell by 6 per cent last year,
and 17.5 per cent of all cars are now at
least 13 years old. When comparable
figures were first published in 1994,
the proportion was 6.3 per cent.
Surface problem Workers didn?t let a
parked car get in the way of repairs to
this road in Retford, Nottinghamshire
the times | Friday April 13 2018
23
2G M
News
JOHAN PERSSON
Hare?s story of
Glyndebourne
oddballs lives
up to its name
Theatre Ann Treneman
The Moderate Soprano
Duke of York?s Theatre
HHHII
This play by David Hare captures a
certain part of England to a tee, or
should that be tea, as in Earl Grey and
from Fortnum?s too. The Moderate
Soprano is the eccentric story of how a
man named Captain John Christie
and his wife, Audrey Mildmay, created
Glyndebourne opera house in their
(very large) garden near Lewes in
1934. But this play is not, in any way,
Downton with tunes.
?Have you seen this?!? demands
Audrey, as she shows a newspaper to
John who may, as was his wont, be
wearing lederhosen (and in Sussex
too!) for he loved most things German
Nancy Carroll and a barely recognisable Roger Allam are excellent, though the play loses its way in the second half
and especially Wagner. She rattles a
paper with a headline: ?SNOBS ON
THE LAWN?. Her husband smiles:
?Oh good, it must be about us.? You
can?t help but snicker. At one point,
Christie is explaining to a German
why he says his wife is a moderate
soprano. ?Moderate as in gentle,? he
explains, ?not as in second rate.?
The same could be said about
Hare?s play, which is so English that at
times you just can?t believe you aren?t
Alexa, stop pumping out
wild conspiracy theories
Mark Bridge
Technology Correspondent
Amazon?s Alexa, which has previously been accused by conspiracy theorists of working for the CIA, has
turned the tables by spreading wild
anti-government rumours of its own.
Asked, ?Alexa, what are chemtrails?? the digital assistant ought to
explain that they are a conspiracy
theory, as even a cursory glance at
Wikipedia would tell you. Instead,
until yesterday it said: ?Chemtrails:
trails left by aircraft are actually
chemical or biological agents deliberately sprayed at high altitudes for a
purpose undisclosed to the general
public in clandestine programmes
directed by government officials.?
Some people believe that chemicals are sprayed for purposes including population control and weapons
testing. In reality, so-called ?chemtrails? are simple condensation trails,
or contrails ? linear clouds formed
when water vapour from aircraft engine exhausts meets cold air.
Amazon said that the response was
an error that had been fixed. The
source of Alexa?s quote is unclear.
Amazon pulls many of its answers
from Evi, a knowledge database it
bought six years ago. Similar wording
appears in a number of books but all
state clearly that the theory is false.
Alexa answers questions or performs tasks such as turning on the
lights in response to voice commands. Amazon customers can talk
to Alexa via Amazon?s Echo smart
speakers or using an app on their
mobile phone.
The digital assistant has raised privacy concerns, although Amazon
says that it analyses speech only after
users say the ?Alexa? wake word.
Some users claimed last year that
Alexa devices were part of a scheme
by US spies to monitor people in their
homes. Footage was posted on YouTube to corroborate this by showing
Alexa refusing to answer the question, ?Alexa, are you connected to the
CIA?? Asked repeatedly, the assistant
remained resolutely silent, not even
offering the stock response of ?Sorry,
I don?t know the answer to this?.
Although this is the first time Alexa
has been in hot water for spreading
conspiracy theories it has previously
been criticised for its seemingly
erratic behaviour.
Last month several people reported a ?bone-chilling? cackle from their
speakers at random moments. One
owner wrote on an online forum: ?I
was trying to turn off some lights and
they kept turning back on. After the
third request, Alexa stopped responding and instead did an evil
laugh. The laugh wasn?t in the Alexa
voice. I still get chills.?
Some parents complain that Alexa
has affected their children?s manners
by teaching that, provided you ask
loudly enough, you can get what you
want without any pleases or thank
yous. In a blog post Hunter Walk, a
former Google executive, wrote that
Alexa was turning his four-year-old
daughter into a ?raging asshole?.
Amazon was also embarrassed last
year when Alexa agreed to send a sixyear-old girl a dolls? house and cookies, invoicing her unwitting parents.
When a TV news channel in Texas
reported the incident the anchor?s
comments caused viewers? devices to
order them dolls? houses, too.
What if it?s all OK? Novel idea goes viral
Mark Bridge
A tweet offering very simple mental
health advice has been liked almost
half a million times in two days.
On Tuesday Sinclair Ceasar, 30,
tweeted: ?My therapist taught me to
interrupt my anxious thinking with
thoughts like, ?What if things work
out?? and ?What if all my hard work
pays off?? So, I?m passing that on to
you wherever you are, whatever
you?re leaving, or whomever you?re
becoming.?
Mr Ceasar, an administrator at
Loyola University in the US state of
Maryland who is being treated for
anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder, posted the
tweet, turned off his phone and did
not think about it again.
Next morning he found that his
message had been shared 5,000
times. By last night it had been retweeted 202,000 times, gained
504,000 likes and attracted more
than 1,800 comments. Mr Ceasar?s
follower count was up from about
2,000 to more than 7,650.
He said: ?Previously my tweets
might have got 100 likes, nothing like
this. I think people relate to the tweet
because it?s quite revealing. It says I
have mental health issues, that I?m
being treated and want to talk about
it. It?s unusual for a black man to
speak out about these things.
?It?s good advice from my therapist
that comes from cognitive behavioural therapy and helps with my
anxiety. It doesn?t always work completely but it?s very useful.?
He hopes that it will encourage
other people to seek help from qualified experts. ?There was a time when
I knew I needed therapy and didn?t
have it ? and a time before that when
I didn?t know I needed it. It has helped
me hugely, but even if you don?t speak
to a therapist I?ve learnt how important it is to speak to someone.?
holding a Pimm?s. The designer Bob
Crowley has captured the
quintessential feel of the English
countryside with an atmospheric set
that features screen backdrops with
huge black-and-white photographs of
Glyndebourne?s garden and home.
There is also a bucolic garden scene,
with tall clipped yew hedges.
Christie was a man of many
paradoxes. Indeed, this could be
called, though Milton might not allow
it, Paradox Found. Roger Allam
personifies this as a man who was
fanatical about small efficiencies but
doesn?t mind funding the money pit
that is an opera house. He?s a
passionate Englishman but to run his
opera house he hired three refugees
(two German and one Austrian). Paul
Jesson is particularly good as Fritz
Busch, the first music director at
Glyndebourne and a man who wasn?t
afraid to turn down Hitler?s offers.
Christie thought he was a
confirmed bachelor until, at 48, he fell
for Audrey. They make a great team.
He?s got money and vision but no
common sense. She?s got loads of the
latter, plus charm. Nancy Carroll is
excellent as Audrey, a moderate
soprano with an immoderate desire to
be her own woman and not just a wife.
Jeremy Herrin directs this West
End transfer and, though the play has
been sharpened up since its premiere
at Hampstead Theatre in 2015, the
second half still feels wanting. The
first half is much meatier, with the
Second World War looming, but then
it all seems to hollow out. It is also
crying out for a little, er, opera. All in
all, though, a moderate success.
Box office: 0844 871 7627, to June 30
24
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Friday April 13 2018 | the times
News
SGT PAUL RANDALL RLC/CROWN COPYRIGHT
Facebook is using
data row to shut us
out, say academics
Mark Bridge Technology Correspondent
Facebook?s clampdown on researchers
accessing users? data risks turning the
social network into a ?black box? that is
less accountable to the law and the
public, academics have said.
The company recently restricted
access to data after it was revealed that
the personal information of up to
87 million users had been obtained by
Cambridge Analytica, which has been
accused of meddling in elections. The
data was obtained by Aleksandr Kogan,
a Cambridge University academic who
sold it to the consultancy in breach of
Facebook?s terms.
Academics claimed Facebook had
already restricted their access to data
after it was criticised for having policies
? since changed ? that gave developers unfettered access to material.
The academics believe that they are
being unfairly penalised. Marco Bastos,
of City University, said: ?We don?t want
access to the bonkers private information that Dr Kogan was allowed to obtain. It wouldn?t get past our ethics
committees or be useful to us. But
public data on Facebook is important
for all sorts of research, including into
what?s happening on Facebook and
wider social sciences research. Over
several years the company has serious-
ly reduced the amount of public data
that academics can access, to the point
that systematic research is untenable.?
He and colleagues at universities in
the US and Europe believe that Facebook is taking advantage of anger at its
sharing of information to lock down information that should be public.
?They can say that they?re protecting
users? privacy or responding to users?
concerns, but we don?t want users? private information,? Dr Bastos said. ?This
works to their advantage because it?s
more difficult for third parties to analyse things such as misinformation or
hate speech. And it?s also hugely to the
advantage of any state actors engaging
in misinformation campaigns.?
He said that previous research using
public Facebook data had looked at the
activities of Russian troll accounts.
Dr Bastos said that there was already
a problem in academia where talented
researchers were headhunted by the
big technology companies and either
ceased to publish or published papers
favourable to their employers.
6 Mark Zuckerberg was nicknamed
?Duckerberg? on social media as it
emerged that over two days of
Congressional testimony he avoided
answering at least 43 direct questions
and said his ?team? would ?follow up?.
Leading article, page 29
Hey, big guy Cruachan IV, the Shetland pony mascot of the Royal Regiment of Scotland, meets Adamas of the Household
Cavalry at Hyde Park barracks in London. Cruachan IV will take part in ceremonial duties at Buckingham Palace this month
Pay-as-you-throw plan to boost recycling
Ben Webster Environment Editor
Households could be charged for the
amount of rubbish in their general bin
under plans to boost recycling.
Under the system large families that
produce lots of rubbish could be
charged more than small households of
only one or two people. Waste put in the
recycling bin would be collected for
nothing or for a much lower charge,
according to the proposal from the
Local Authority Recycling Advisory
Committee, which represents waste
collection officers at about 70 per cent
of UK local authorities.
Lee Marshall, chief executive of the
committee, said that recycling rates
had stalled and claimed that evidence
from countries including the Republic
of Ireland indicated that weight-based
charging was the most effective system.
He acknowledged that it would be
necessary to have better enforcement
of rules requiring households not to
contaminate recycling bins with
general waste to prevent them dodging
collection charges.
John O?Connell, chief executive of
the Taxpayers? Alliance, said: ?Hardpressed families will resent paying
extra for an army of bin snoopers telling
people what to do.?
the times | Friday April 13 2018
25
2G M
Trump missed the small
print on globalisation
Ed Conway
Page 26
Comment
If a new party is to fly, it must pass six tests
Those plotting a realignment in politics see the hurdles but are confident it can happen before the next general election
TOM NICHOLSON/LNP
Philip
Collins
@pcollinstimes
E
verybody involved knows it
is a long shot. They are all
versed in the inauspicious
history of new parties. Not
one of them is unaware of
the formidably high barrier posed by
an electoral system that exaggerates
victories and magnifies defeats.
Nobody with any experience in
politics is unaware that a significant
fraction of the electorate, quite how
much remains to be seen, will remain
loyal to the established Labour and
Conservative parties.
These truisms have been piling up
this week as pundits have rushed to
pour scorn on the prospect of a new
political alignment in Britain. The
entrepreneur Simon Franks has been
outed for his entirely sensible desire
to create an appealing political party
and his venture has been greeted
with the well-worn litany of clich�
pretending to be wisdom. As if
anyone prepared to embark on such
a risky venture were not aware of the
obstacles in the way. But, for the
avoidance of doubt, and so there will
be no need for newspapers to run
such pieces ever again, or to quote
veteran never-quite-made-its to the
same effect, here are the conditions
that a new party will have to meet.
There are six tests and none of them
can be described in the way Barry
Gardiner dismissed Labour?s EU
policy this week.
The first condition is that the new
party should gather around a
standard. It needs to define what it is
for. There will be stupid attempts to
pin on it the labels of ?centrist? or
?neo-liberal? and the terminally bare
of brain even think those two insults
are one. In fact the new party will be
more socially liberal than the Tories
but more fiscally conservative than
Labour. It will share Labour?s stress
on inequality but sound more like
the Tories on enterprise. Its policy
priorities will be work in the coming
industrial revolution, housing, and
technical education.
This would be a prospectus to
attract people from all parties and
none because, second, any new party
would not be, ideally, the upshot only
of a split in the Labour Party. It is
clear from Ivor Crewe and Anthony
King?s account of the rise and fall of
the Social Democratic Party that a
split in Labour is much less of a
mould-breaker than a realignment of
allegiance that takes in fugitives from
other places. The Labour Party is in
the dock at the moment and some of
An obvious way to
tarnish a new party is
to attach it to Brexit
its MPs are in despair. For their Tory
counterparts to follow suit will
require the selection of a terrible
leader to succeed Theresa May. The
biggest barrier to reconfiguration is a
Tory leader sensible enough to
persuade the left of the party to stay
put. If Boris Johnson gets the gig
there could be movement. Likewise,
the end of Labour?s Corbyn regime
would change the calculation.
The third condition, which has
been mentioned in dispatches this
week, is that a new party must have
credible leadership. David Miliband
writes a piece on global politics in
the New Statesman and Nick Clegg
suggests realignment is likely and the
beauty parade begins to decide who
is the least toxic possible leader.
The truth is that there is no perfect
answer to which everyone might
assent. But the serious flaw in the
Franks venture is that no move can
succeed that does not carry political
weight. And whoever emerges as the
man or woman most likely, the
question they have to answer is not
?is this person Jesus?? It is instead,
merely, ?is this person a more
credible PM than either Jeremy
Corbyn or Boris Johnson??
That said, the fourth condition
demands something in tension with
the third. The delicate balancing act
of the Macron candidacy was that,
en route to the presidency,
Emmanuel Macron managed to
sound like a novelty even though he
had been a finance minister in the
French government. He was
simultaneously in and out, politics
and not-politics. Macron was
exciting and new and attracted
people who had never before really
looked at politics.
A viable new party will need this
wind at its back. If a new party looks
and sounds like an attempt to get
the old band back together it will
be stillborn. If it is all rooted in
London it has no hope. It needs an
organic sense that it is responding
to the popular demand of the
politically homeless.
The most glaringly obvious way of
ensuring that a new party is
tarnished as an elite project is for it
to be attached to the cause of Brexit.
Any new party that looks and
sounds like the latest attempt by the
sore losers to revisit the European
argument will have no prospect of
success. Don?t hold your breath for
any serious new party until Britain
has left the European Union. Brexit
and that the two main parties are in
a worse state. A serious new party
will form only when its instigators
are satisfied that they know where
they might feasibly win 100 seats. It
would then hold the balance of
power and that would be quite
enough success for starters. The
Guardian columnist Owen Jones
wrote recently that a new party was
doomed to fail but might prevent a
Labour government. He hadn?t
Let?s not have any
more of the blather
about how hard it is
Boris Johnson becoming Tory leader
could prompt some MPs to leave
could be the catalyst for a political
upheaval but it is not itself the cause
for which the new party would stand.
The fifth test for a new party is that
it will be the first movement to speak
without illusions about Britain?s
immediate future outside the EU.
That is not because the new party
would not regret the departure; most
of its candidates and voters would.
The tide, though, has gone out.
This leads to the sixth test, which
is to know where you can win. As the
polling specialist Peter Kellner
showed this week, the SDP came
second in 313 constituencies in 1983.
It won 25 per cent of the vote but its
support was spread so evenly that it
won only 23 seats.
There are reasons to suppose that
affiliations are looser than they were
in 1983, that politics is more volatile
noticed that the first half of his
sentence contradicted the second.
This is a checklist of the most
hospitable circumstances but not all
the conditions necessarily have to
pertain at once. Perhaps only the
first and the last would exercise any
kind of veto. If enough of the
conditions hold, then expect the
political landscape to change before
the next election.
In the meantime, let?s not have any
more of the usual blather about how
hard it is for new parties. Everybody
knows the past. The question for the
present is whether the past is any
longer a guide to the future. If most
of the conditions are not met then
nobody serious is going to persist in
the pursuit of a new party that
would, in those circumstances, have
been exposed as a fantasy. Watch
this space, though, if they are.
red box
For the best analysis
and commentary on
the political landscape
thetimes.co.uk/redbox
The best plays ever
From Art and Hamlet to Who?s Afraid of Virginia Woolf? ?
we reveal the greatest dramas of all time.
Pick up your copy of The Times tomorrow.
26
1G M
Friday April 13 2018 | the times
Comment
Trump missed the small print on globalisation
Raging at China for stealing intellectual property ignores the fact that the US gave it away
Ed Conway
@edconwaysky
A
young upstart building a
young upstart nation,
Alexander Hamilton was
the greatest president
America never had. A
rebel, an intellectual, a fighter.
Misunderstood in his time, he stopped
at nothing to outdo the superpower
of the day. If that meant cheating,
stealing data and technology from
Britain to pass on to America?s
nascent industries, then so be it.
As the musical about his life
continues to garner awards, here?s a
question: if we were to write the
21st-century sequel, who would be
our protagonist? It would have to be
someone young and wealthy, an
outsider with bold ideas for
economics and democracy . . . hang
on, it?s Mark Zuckerberg, isn?t it?
The more you think about it, the
less ridiculous it seems. Surely, if
we are to turn today?s crisis of
capitalism into a musical, it would
have to feature our most successful
businessman?
We?d begin with our hero against
the wall, in his congressional
testimony this week. After the chorus
of senators finished their opening
number, young Mark would turn to
the audience and sing the killer
line: ?Read the small print, folks:
nothing ever comes for free.? The
orchestra would pause so it could
sink in: the great motto of our age.
It certainly sums up Facebook?s
existential problem. This business, an
advertising giant masquerading as a
social network, was constructed on
top of a precarious principle: that
people will happily give up
everything but their money.
As we all now realise, the cost of
Facebook far outstrips the stated
price. The greatest brainwave Mr
Zuckerberg ever had was realising
that while people would balk at
paying $84 to be part of a social
network, they would give away
$84 worth of personal information
(the current advertising revenue per
US user) if that meant they didn?t
have to open their wallets.
But actually this spat is only a
prelude to a far bigger clash, a battle
of ideas that will define economic
diplomacy and the relationship
Mark Zuckerberg is
giving out Facebook?s
codebase for nothing
between China and the West. What
happens now this once upstart nation
has become the superpower? What
happens when it has to contend with
another upstart, stealing its ideas and
technologies in much the same way
that Hamilton?s lieutenants did two
centuries earlier?
If you?re Donald Trump, the
answer is tariffs. The White House?s
trade sanctions this week are meant
to prevent Chinese competitors from
obtaining cutting-edge technology
from the US. But in choosing this
battle, the president is waging
economic war not only on China
but also with much of corporate
America. Under pressure from
shareholders to cut costs, companies
began in the 1980s and 1990s to
outsource production to low-wage
economies such as China. The
companies insisted that they would
always protect their patents and fight
dirty tricks, but they knew the
Faustian pact they had signed up to.
Even with the best lawyers in the
world, when you make your product
in China you will inevitably end up
sharing some of your intellectual
property with the locals.
And that is precisely what has
happened. In their quest for profits
and cut-price production America?s
industrial giants quietly exported
their competitive advantage to
China. And the rest of us went along
with it. In exchange for cheaper
clothes, televisions and smartphones,
we condoned the greatest transfer of
technology and expertise in history.
Read the small print: nothing ever
comes for free.
No wonder Mr Trump is so
outraged. This trend contradicts the
number one lesson they taught you
back when he was in business school:
do whatever you can to guard your
intellectual property. But times have
changed. Indeed, the latest fashion in
business is not merely to share ideas
but to give them away entirely.
This brings us back to Mark
Zuckerberg, and the biggest plot
twist of all. Up until now it has been
easy to dismiss Facebook as part of a
simple morality tale (repeat after me:
nothing ever comes for free). But
there is something more intriguing
going on behind the scenes. For
unbeknownst to most of its users,
Facebook is indeed giving away
something for free: the intellectual
property upon which it is built.
The React library, as it?s called, is
the codebase that Facebook?s user
interface is constructed with, and the
company has made it open source.
What that means in practice is that
anyone can use Facebook?s tools to
make their own website, no strings
attached. And millions of developers,
from the US to China, are doing just
that, including this newspaper.
For all the White House?s efforts to
prevent China from making leaps in
artificial intelligence, Beijing already
has access to the world?s most
powerful artificial intelligence engine.
TensorFlow, an AI library developed
by Google, is entirely open source.
The economic consequences of
open source are potentially
enormous, yet few economists have
even started to grapple with them.
The political ramifications are greater
still: on the one hand you have a
White House determined to stem the
flow of ideas beyond America?s
borders; on the other you have Mr
Zuckerberg and his Silicon Valley
colleagues, intent on spreading their
code all around the world.
Two different visions of
globalisation, two different ideas for
how we shape the world. To judge
from the past few weeks, Mr
Zuckerberg may never be president.
But as Alexander Hamilton showed,
that need not prevent you from
changing the world.
occur to them to learn to play one?
Only 4 per cent of organists are
under 30; about half are over 70.
The Blue Coat School, a grammar in
Liverpool that my daughter attends,
is one of those helping to address the
problem. It is not only working to
raise funds to restore its enormous
1874 Father Willis organ (rare in
a state school), it is also starting
an organ scholarship for pupils
and external
students, which
will hopefully
boost the number
of female players.
Surely we need
more initiatives like
this to ensure that
such skills don?t
dwindle like
congregations?
orange: why? But recently I was
reminded that as a teen I?d drink
lager with a splash of lime or black,
so what?s the difference? True, that
was to take away the lager taste
which I now very much like.
Anyway, I tried Namaka, a hibiscus
and passion fruit wheat beer, and it?s
rather lovely, although stronger than
I?d prefer in feeble middle-age, at
5.4 per cent abv. How anyone could
ever drink cherry beer, though,
remains a mystery.
Ed Conway is economics editor of
Sky News
Carol Midgley Notebook
Romance is
dead among
the Gretna
gift shops
S
lushy to admit, but I?ve always
had genuine romantic notions
of Gretna Green. Tales of
lovestruck teenagers galloping
over the border on horseback,
pursued by furious fathers but tying
the knot at the blacksmith?s in the
nick of time, then perhaps leaping
into a bed to show the consummating
deed has been done ? they beat
his-and-hers doves any day.
Having finally visited the place,
though, I?m cured. I have felt more
romantic ambience queuing to buy a
kettle at Argos. It probably didn?t
help that my first sight was of a
begowned bride picking at a
clingfilm-wrapped sandwich in the
self-serve cafeteria as a member of
staff swept up. Outside in light rain a
bride about my age had a fag while
tourists took selfies and others
mooched for gift shop knick-knacks.
I appreciate that many who
exchange vows here love the
experience. But I wonder what those
impulsive teenage elopers of the 18th
century would make of it today with
weddings booked in advance,
packages available online and tourist
coach parties arriving en masse for
lunch. Economically we should
welcome it: such attractions create
jobs and local wealth; it seems to
make people happy, and as
someone who married in a
register office I can hardly
shudder at conveyor-belt
nuptials. But when the souvenir
shops come in, the charm
usually goes out. A place
that symbolised daring
young love becomes a
flogger of biscuits. Death
and taxes are two of life?s
certainties. Another is
that the most famous
landmarks end up
becoming a shopping
opportunity.
Vital organs
C
hurches are
suffering such a
shortage of organists
that nearly a third of
congregations sing along to
recorded music. This
makes me feel a) sad and
b) a hypocrite, since the
dearth is partly down to
non-churchgoers like me.
If young people don?t grow up
hearing an organ, why would it
Exotic ale
M
y continuing,
selfless
search for
the best craft ale
yields a discovery.
Not all fruit-based
beer is disgusting.
Amazing. I have long
dismissed such
beverages on the
basis that the
b
combination is just wrong, like
trout ice cream. Blue Moon is
often served with, ugh, a slice of
Smell-free screenings
S
ympathies to those cinemagoers
whose trip to see the low-noise
horror film A Quiet Place was
spoiled by noisy, finger-sucking
snack eaters. I had the same
problem watching A Quiet Passion
about Emily Dickinson: nice
poems, shame about the
popcorn-chomper behind my right
ear. But worse than noisy food is
smelly food in cinemas. What
barbarian brings noxious melted
cheese and nachos to a communal
experience? You may as well sit
there breaking wind for two hours.
Only unsmelly, un-noisy food
should be allowed in cinemas. So
we?re basically talking ice cream
and choc ices. In other words,
exactly how it used to be.
@carolmidgley
It?s time museums
charged tourists
an entry fee
Jawad Iqbal
B
ritain?s biggest museums are
in a financial mess, largely
of their own making because
they are not brave enough to
abandon the policy of free
entry. It is high time they started
making some people, particularly
foreign tourists, pay. The no-charges
policy, instituted back in 2001, has
left many of our great museums on
the brink of financial ruin and
increasingly reliant on government
subsidies and high-priced special
exhibitions.
These shows are creating a
two-tier system in which only tourists
and the well-off can afford entry to
see the best exhibitions at venues
that apparently pride themselves on
free entry for all. This is the
background to the present dismay
over prices for the National Gallery?s
new blockbuster exhibition, Monet &
Architecture. Weekend entry is � a
ticket and at Tate Modern, visitors
must fork out the same amount to
see Picasso 1932: Love, Fame, Tragedy.
Even Gabriele Finaldi, director of
the National Gallery, admits that
London exhibitions ?have become
quite expensive?.
The obvious solution is to make
tourists pay. New York?s Metropolitan
Museum of Art, the equivalent of our
National Gallery, started last month
to charge $25 (�) admission for
out-of-state visitors, abandoning a
decades-long policy of relying on
voluntary donations. Britain?s big
museums must follow suit. It is
estimated that some 40 per cent of
visitors to the great museums and
galleries are tourists, and even
more in the case of the British
Museum, where 60 per cent are
from abroad. It makes no sense
for British taxpayers to fund this
largesse, especially when these same
visitors happily pay for entry to
European museums such as the
Louvre and the Prado.
There are other lessons to be
learnt. There is no concrete evidence
that charging excludes particular
groups of the population; anyway,
charging exorbitant ticket prices for
the best shows gives the lie to the
idea of catering for disadvantaged
groups. Smaller, highly respected
institutions such as the Courtauld
charge without any adverse effect on
visitor numbers.
Free entry has become a straitjacket
inhibiting more imaginative
approaches. Greater effort could
go into expanding membership
schemes; there could be free
admission days or special opening
hours set aside for students or young
people; sponsors only too happy to
support the special exhibitions could
be encouraged to provide more
long-term financial backing. No one
visiting the opera or the theatre gets
in for free, so why museums? It is
political and ideological madness to
continue down this path.
Jawad Iqbal is a freelance writer
the times | Friday April 13 2018
27
1G M
Comment
Buy prints or signed copies of Times cartoons from our Print Gallery at timescartoons.co.uk or call 020 7711 7826
Shock of communism can be spur for growth
Poland?s remarkable economic success since it shook off Soviet control carries lessons for the future of the West
Edward
Lucas
@edwardlucas
C
ommunism doesn?t work,
and efforts to achieve it
involve lies and terror. The
evidence is so overwhelming
that anyone who tries
Corbynesque equivocations about
one-party rule, the KGB?s slave labour
camps and the planned economy
deserves only scorn and ridicule.
Yet the truth, at least from an
economic point of view, is more
complicated. Take Poland, the
greatest economic success story of
post-communist Europe. It has raised
real GDP per head, accounting for
purchasing-power differences, by two
and a half times since 1989. That is a
better record even than the vaunted
?Asian tigers? such as Singapore,
Taiwan and South Korea. Whereas
these and other fast-growing
countries all constrained political
freedoms in the cause of economic
development, Poland did not. The
economy has grown without
interruption since 1992: by far the
best performance in Europe. This has
come about despite an apparently
dreadful starting point, minimal
natural resources and a precarious
geopolitical position.
This is partly due to good
policy-making. Poland moved fast in
the early 1990s, with ?shock therapy?
that stabilised the economy and
allowed rip-roaring growth in private
business. The initial social cost was
high, but subsequent governments
eased the pain. Poland built strong
institutions, a stable banking system
and, since joining the European
Union, modern infrastructure.
A new book on Poland?s success,
Europe?s Growth Champion, by
Marcin Piatkowski, highlights a
paradox. What outsiders saw, and
Poles bemoaned, in 1989 was indeed
dreadful, a destitute country with
dire infrastructure, pitiful wages,
clapped-out industry and bankrupt
public finances. But the deeper
legacy of communism, the book
argues, was a positive one.
Mr Piatkowski is no Corbynite
apologist for the Soviet system. A
distinguished World Bank economist,
he states explicitly that communism
was murderous, repressive and ended
in economic disaster. But he also
argues that it was the damage done
by communism that made the
post-1989 boom possible. The
post-1945 demolition job created an
?egalitarian, socially mobile and
well-educated society?. Its potential
was wasted under communism, but
unleashed by the possibilities of
capitalism and freedom.
Many will flinch at this. Was
pre-war Poland really that bad? Mr
Piatkowski portrays a bleak picture
of a weak, class-ridden country. He
traces the roots of the problem to the
population crunch that followed the
Black Death, which forced countries
in western Europe to make the most
of their human and other resources.
Places such as Poland, untouched by
the plague, remained stuck in the
feudal mire. The restoration of
It was an egalitarian,
socially mobile and
well-educated society
independence in 1918 failed to bring
changes. The ruling szlachta (nobility)
maintained its historic contempt for
business, technology and education.
A fifth of Poles were illiterate.
The result, he argues, was an
?extractive? Latin American
economy, in which a small number of
people reap the benefits and broader
development stagnates. Without the
catastrophes of war and communism,
he argues, Poland would have
remained stuck in this model: weak,
marginalised and stagnant. Any
post-war democratic government
would have been skewed towards the
interests of the countryside, where
the majority of the Polish population
then lived. It would not have
mustered the resources necessary for
industrialisation and urbanisation. To
move from an ?extractive? economy
to an ?inclusive? one, which prizes
innovation, accepts economic
disruption and is run in the interests
of the whole country, you need a big
external shock, he argues, typically
accompanied by intense violence.
That is what communism provided.
Mr Piatkowski?s arguments deserve
careful consideration. The question
of why some countries get rich and
others stay poor is the most
important economic puzzle of our
times, and one that economists
themselves struggle to solve. The
idea that big political shocks are a
precondition for the cultural and
institutional changes that lead to
economic success may be
uncomfortable, but it is not nonsense.
It is tempting to react by drawing
up a balance sheet: mass literacy and
modernisation on one side, moral
destruction and mass murder on the
other. But that is too facile. We do
not weigh Hitler?s crimes against the
Third Reich?s road-building
programme. A better approach has
three elements. One is to take a
clear-eyed view of the past. Just
because totalitarianism was evil does
not mean that what preceded it was
good. Misrule in pre-war Europe
made the Soviet option look tempting.
Second, we should continue to
cherish the heroism and sacrifice of
those who resisted totalitarianism.
This, the moral foundation of the
West, is particularly important as
those years fade from living memory.
Third, we must ensure that any
incidental economic gains of the
totalitarian years are not squandered.
Preserving social mobility and
universal access to high-quality public
services, for example, is the best way
of inoculating ourselves against the
desire for political shortcuts.
For Poland, that means avoiding
complacency. As living standards rise
to west European levels, the
post-communist advantage of cheap
labour is eroding. Poland will need to
compete on brainpower, innovation
and openness (none of which are the
present nationalist government?s
strong suits).
The biggest question is for us.
Poland may be on course to catch
up with the West, but will we still be
there as a benchmark in 2030? Our
?inclusive? economies face a
lethal-looking combination of
relentlessly rising inequality,
plummeting trust, and social
polarisation. As Poland advances, I
fear that we may be going backward.
28
1G M
Letters to the Editor should be sent to
letters@thetimes.co.uk or by post to
1 London Bridge Street, London SE1 9GF
Letters to the Editor
Home-schooling and the exclusion of pupils
Jailed extremists
Sir, Your report is right to point to the
alarming threat posed by highly
subversive extremists in our prisons
(?Jailed extremists spread hate to
hundreds of other inmates?, Apr 11).
My review of Islamist extremism
recommended the creation of these
units to separate the most charismatic
and unrepentant hate preachers from
often highly suggestible captive
audiences. Each relies on the other
for validation and power. I was also
clear to ministers that if the units
were merely a security response they
would fail. We need a full-spectrum
approach to terrorism in jails as in the
community. The conditions inside
these units, their regimes and
interventions offered must, as we said,
have at their heart a ?humanised?
ethos. This is the best way to keep
prison staff and society protected
from very dangerous ideologues.
National security is about much more
than locks, bolts and bars.
ian acheson
Leader of the independent
government review of Islamist
extremism in prisons in 2016
Syrian intervention
Sir, Theresa May?s decision to consider
military action against Syria without a
Commons vote (report, Apr 12) is in
breach of parliamentary convention
and of pledges made by David
Cameron in 2016 after the Chilcot
report on Iraq and by William Hague
in the context of the Libya bombing in
2011. In 2016 I proposed, without
success, a war powers bill in the Lords.
Before that the Commons political
and constitutional reform committee
had suggested that legislation is
needed; the Lords constitutional
committee, on which I sat, decided
that convention was sufficient.
The present situation is neither an
emergency nor a direct threat to the
UK. If it was the government, acting
on royal prerogative, could proceed
unhindered even if my war powers
act had been law. Whether the
intention is to degrade Syria?s ability
to use chemical weapons or to deter
Syria from using them, a delay until
the weekend would not make a
difference. The rush for the UK to
convene the cabinet and rule out
parliamentary approval reeks
more of ?Iraq 2003? than ?strong and
stable? 2018.
baroness falkner of margravine
House of Lords
Corrections and
clarifications
6 Owing to an editing error we stated
that Keith Watson was an adviser to
the tailoring business A Suit That
Fits, whose trading division has gone
into liquidation (City people, Apr 6).
Mr Watson has not been involved
with the company since 2016.
We are committed to abiding by the
Independent Press Standards
Organisation rules and regulations and
the Editors? Code of Practice that IPSO
enforces. Requests for corrections or
clarifications should be sent by email to
feedback@thetimes.co.uk or by post to
Feedback, The Times, 1 London Bridge
Street, London SE1 9GF
Friday April 13 2018 | the times
Sir, The government has needlessly
placed itself in a quandary by
proposing compulsory registration
and monitoring of home-educated
children with the threat of
prosecution for non-compliance
(?Schools that force pupils ?off the roll?
may be prosecuted?, News, Apr 11).
On the one hand the government
states that ?responsibility for
children?s education rests with their
parents?, and on the other that its
aspiration is ?to ensure all young
people receive world-class education?.
It fails to recognise that the number of
home-educated children is increasing
because a good education in the state
system can no longer be assured, yet it
recognises that most parents ?are
educating their children well?.
Children of parents who rightfully
decide that the state?s offering is
Open University
Sir, Alice Thomson (Apr 11) rightly
draws attention to the many
achievements of the Open University
at the same time as she raises some of
our challenges. Mature and part-time
students, many of whom have family
and other commitments, have for
very good reason been less willing to
take on loans. As a result part-time
student numbers in England have
fallen markedly ? in contrast to the
other nations of the UK, where
education is devolved. This was never
the intention of the 2012 funding
reforms and we now have an
opportunity to put it right.
The prime minister?s post-18 review
is tasked specifically with
investigating the difficulties faced by
institutions offering mature, part-time
and distance learning. It must
urgently look at a return to some
form of public subsidy to part-time
students, which is the only way we
can hope to reverse this worrying
trend. To do so would be sound
economic commonsense.
jonathan wylie
Chief operating officer, the Open
University
Life on the border
Sir, In response to Laurence
Robertson?s letter (Apr 11) on Brexit
and Northern Ireland, does he not
on this day april 13, 1918
?OUR
BACKS TO
THE WALL?
In a special Order of the Day to all
ranks of the British Army in France
and Flanders Sir Douglas Haig says:
?There is no other course open to us
but to fight it out. Every position
must be held to the last man; there
must be no retirement. With our
backs to the wall, and believing in
the justice of our cause, each one of
us must fight on to the end. The
safety of our homes and the freedom
of mankind depend alike upon the
unsuitable face a level of scrutiny not
afforded to their peers. The problem
is that home education is just that ?
education in a private home. Control
of home education is indivisible from
control of home life.
The problem for the parent and
child is intrusion and loss of family
privacy. The problem for the
government is that if it wishes to
quality-assure home education it
must then take on the legal liability
for that education and expect to be
sued when interventions fail. Either
the parent or the state must be
responsible ? there is no halfway
house with this.
tristram c llewellyn jones
Ramsey, Isle of Man
Sir, Your education editor?s report
omitted to draw attention to the main
realise that there are thousands of
people like me who have no truck
with paramilitaries but who live
adjacent to the border and are
dismayed by possible encroachments
on our everyday lives again? Since the
late 1990s and early 2000s we have
been able to live, work, shop and
study on a cross-border basis with
complete freedom.
We are not law breakers, and are
neither active Irish republicans nor
Ulster loyalists. Yet people who voted
on what looks like an oversold
premise want to curtail our hard-won
freedoms. How on earth are we
supposed to deal with this, if
negotiations between the United
Kingdom and the European Union
end up casting us to the wolves of a
Brexit gone wrong?
cornelius logue
Quigley?s Point, Co Donegal
Palm oil threat
Sir, I applaud the decision by the
supermarket chain Iceland to remove
palm oil from its own-brand food
products (report, Apr 11). My wife and
I travelled, 13 years ago, across Sabah
state, in northern Borneo, to the
orangutan rehabilitation centre at
Sepilok. We passed mile after mile of
sterile palm oil plantations where
there had been rainforest. If the
deforestation continues without any
checks, mankind will effectively
commit genocide on the orangutan
conduct of each one of us at this
critical moment.?
These grave words reveal the
nature of the crisis which is swiftly
developing in France. Though meant
to inspire our gallant troops, who are
fighting desperately for every foot of
ground against heavy odds, they
must be taken to heart by every man
and woman in these islands. ?The
conduct of each one of us,? both
here and across the Atlantic, should
be guided by the thought that the
whole fortunes of the Allies are now
at stake, and that no sacrifice can be
too great, no effort too small, in the
supreme task of giving help to the
brave men who are battling day and
night against the overwhelming
German hordes. Sir Douglas Haig
tersely declares that the objects of
the enemy are ?to separate us from
the French, to take the Channel
ports, and destroy the British Army?.
Their leading divisions on the left
centre of their battlefront are only
forty miles from Calais, a situation
without precedent since the war
began. While guarding the northern
gates, we have still to be prepared for
issue: namely, that when weak
parents are faced with legitimate
sanctions for their children who have
misbehaved, they often say that they
are refusing to accept the sanction
and will home-educate.
We always strongly advise against
it, and always, about five or six weeks
later (with this full period of lost
learning for the poor students), the
parents go to the local authority
demanding a school place. The
parents receive no criticism and the
child avoids sanction but ends up
miles behind.
It is time to put the blame where it
belongs, and for local authorities and
the government to clamp down on
this cowardly and evasive practice.
d duncan
Executive headteacher, Droylsden
Academy, Greater Manchester
population along with many other
forest-dwelling animals. The forests
are generally cleared with
uncontrolled burning, adding to
global warming. Since our trip we
have been very aware of the amount
of palm oil that goes into everything
that we buy. We now check the
ingredients and, where possible, if it
contains palm oil we do not buy it.
david goodrick
Ashtead, Surrey
Dealing with dogs
Sir, Anthony Gabbott clearly suffered
a traumatic ordeal when his puppy,
Dougie, was savagely attacked by two
Staffordshire bull terriers (?Man bites
dog to save savaged puppy?, Apr 11).
Dog owners should be aware of a
method that can stop any dog-on-dog
attack instantly. If you lift the
aggressor dog by its back legs it is
incapable of any action at all and will
stop its attack. It is completely pliable
when held in this manner, and likely
to be so cowed and disorientated by
the experience that it will remain so
on release. I have stopped two attacks
with this technique.
matthew stevens
Southampton
Letters to the Editor must be exclusive
to The Times and may be edited. Please
include a full address and daytime
telephone number.
the blow at Amiens and the line of
the Somme estuary which may be
attempted at any moment. For the
present, however, the eyes of the
world are turned towards the
northern battle, where Sir Herbert
Plumer is steadfastly endeavouring
to stem the oncoming tide of the
German legions. A glimpse of the
desperate nature of the fighting is
furnished by our Correspondent?s
statement that, in opposing von
Bernhardt?s troops on the River
Lawe, the headquarters staff of two
brigades plunged into the struggle
with rifles, while one general led his
orderlies into the fray. ?Each one of
us must fight on to the end,? says Sir
Douglas Haig, and in this crisis that
must be the motto of us all. Heavy
though the onslaught of the enemy
has been, we believe that our heroic
soldiers, and the French hurrying to
their aid, will yet save the day.
sign up for a weekly email
with extracts from
the times history of the war
ww1.thetimes.co.uk
Queen of Islam?
Sir, Apropos your report ?Queen may
be child of Muhammad? (Apr 12), the
late Sir Iain Moncrieffe of that Ilk
identified Her Majesty?s descent in
Blood Royal (1956): ?The international
pool of Blood Royal has always been
so intermingled, that ultimately
it . . . becomes one everywhere,
however remote its tributaries in
space and time.? The book, ?cheerfully
illustrated? by Don Pottinger, records
that Sir Edward Ford, then assistant
private secretary to the Queen, read
through the manuscript. I suspect
that while the research from Morocco
will not surprise Buckingham Palace,
it would amuse Sir Iain.
adam bruce
Marchmont Herald of Arms, Edinburgh
Grimm reading
Sir, The news (Apr 11) that a team of
computer experts has successfully (as
they think) ?cloned? stories by the
Brothers Grimm means that we may
live to learn how Dickens intended to
finish The Mystery of Edwin Drood.
Human efforts have failed miserably.
But the most spine-chilling
information by far is the prediction by
Bj鰎n Schuller, professor in machine
intelligence at Augsburg University,
that AI will, unaided, write better
novels than human authors within the
next ten to 20 years. Pity the ManBooker judges in the too-near future:
first Americans and now robots.
john sutherland
Emeritus Lord Northcliffe professor
of modern English literature, UCL
Feedback fatigue
Sir, Deborah Ross (Times2, Apr 12) is
spot on regarding the number of
customer satisfaction surveys with
which we are assailed. I dread making
any kind of transaction online these
days for fear of the inevitable requests
clogging my inbox afterwards. I lost
count of the number of recorded
phone messages I received from my
electricity provider asking me to rate
my experience during a recent power
outage. For most of us it is sufficient to
know that a complaint will be speedily
and sympathetically dealt with, should
that be necessary. The rest seems to be
a waste of time for everyone involved.
adam dabrowski
Cleish, Perth & Kinross
Ice-cold motto
Sir, Further to the letter ?Ice cold in
Moray? (Apr 11), Lorettonians should
also be added to the ?Ice-cool A-list?.
We had to immerse ourselves fully in
a cold tub every day before breakfast
in the 1960s. In winter it was so cold
that the first boy in (normally a junior
third former) had to break the ice. It
sounds very Spartan but we were just
trying to live up to our school motto:
Spartam nactus es, hanc exorna
(Sparta is yours: adorn it).
alistair forsyth
Aberlady, East Lothian
In the flesh
Sir, The letter (Apr 11) from E C Gohs,
in which he mentions Dracula as being
one of the scariest films, reminds me
that Christopher Lee would often go to
screenings of his own masterpieces.
He would sit behind two
unaccompanied women and when the
lights came up at the end would lean
over and ask them if they enjoyed the
show. Cue much screaming.
philip armstrong
Windmill Hill, E Sussex
the times | Friday April 13 2018
29
1G M
Leading articles
Daily Universal Register
UK: The County Championship cricket
season begins.
Hong Kong: Nicola Sturgeon, the first
minister of Scotland, meets Carrie Lam,
Hong Kong?s chief executive.
Nature notes
Snake?s-head
fritillaries are now
in flower. Their
flowerheads are
a rich, dark, dappled
purple and hang
down from the top
of their stalks like bells. They are very
beautiful, but one can see how the dappling
might remind one of a snake?s scaly skin.
There are occasional white blossoms among
them and the light of the low morning sun
shines through them. They were once quite
common in such places as water meadows
along the Thames. Nowadays they are found
much more rarely, but Oxford is famous for
its fine shows of them in April, in Iffley
meadows and the Magdalen College
meadows (which can be visited by the
public). There is still debate about whether
they are native flowers of these islands, but
they are well known across much of the
European continent. derwent may
Birthdays today
Edward Fox, pictured,
actor, The Day of the
Jackal (1973), 81; Prof Sir
Leszek Borysiewicz,
vice-chancellor,
University of Cambridge
(2010-17), 67; Lyn Brown,
Labour MP for West
Ham, shadow Treasury minister, 58;
Michael Brown, Nobel prizewinning
geneticist (1985), 77; Antonia Byatt, director,
Cheltenham Literature Festival (2016-17),
58; Stephen Byers, Labour MP (1992-2010),
65; Peter Davison, actor, Doctor Who
(1980-84), 67; Stanley Donen, director and
choreographer, Singin? in the Rain (1952), 94;
Al Green, singer, Let?s Stay Together (1972),
72; Sir Jeremiah Harman, High Court judge
(1982-98), 88; Alan Hodson, director,
JPMorgan Elect, 56; Garry Kasparov,
former world chess champion (1985, 1986,
1987, 1990, 1993, 1995), 55; Brigitte Macron,
the first lady of France, 65; Prof Craig
Mahoney, principal and vice-chancellor,
University of the West of Scotland, 61;
Philip Norman, author and journalist,
Shout!: The Beatles in Their Generation (1981),
75; Jonjo O?Neill, champion jockey (1977-78,
1979-80), and National Hunt racehorse
trainer, 66; Ron Perlman, actor, Sons of
Anarchy (2008-13), 68; Melanie Reid, Times
columnist, 61; Chris Riddell, political
cartoonist, writer and illustrator, president,
School Library Association, children?s
laureate (2015-17), 56; Dame Vivien Rose,
High Court judge, president of the Upper
Tribunal (tax and chancery chamber), 58;
Paul Sorvino, actor, Goodfellas (1990), 79;
John Swinney, SNP MSP for Perthshire
North, deputy first minister of Scotland, 54.
Anti-Social Network
Facebook must face up to its responsibilities towards the law, society
and democracy. If that affects the bottom line, that is its problem
In Britain alone, Facebook has something close to
40 million users. Most use it to keep in touch with
family and friends and as a portal to the broader
internet. No doubt some find it hard to imagine a
world without it. They may yet have to live in one.
Mark Zuckerberg, Facebook?s founder, likes
to claim that it is motivated by a high and noble
calling. To the extent that it has benefited
society, however, it has done so as a byproduct of
harvesting personal data and using it for profit. To
the extent that it has caused society problems, it is
morally obliged to sacrifice profits in order to solve
them. Morality is seldom enough, which is why
legislation may be needed, too.
Mr Zuckerberg?s appearances in front of two
congressional committees in Washington this
week were not the lawmakers? finest hours. They
had clearly done less work in preparing to quiz
him than Facebook executives had done preparing
Mr Zuckerberg. To his disbelief, some senators
seemed to struggle even to grasp how a free
service could make money. He had to explain
that ?we sell ads?. These were nonetheless
important hearings. Having dodged all democratic
accountability until this month, Mr Zuckerberg
has belatedly consented to submit to it, at least
in principle. He has so far refused to appear in
The last word
?How gratifying for once to know / that
those above will serve those down below.?
Stephen Sondheim, A Little Priest
from Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber
of Fleet Street (1979).
based on the sheer volume of content that they
host: the site?s total annual usage equates to about
15 million years of screen time, which makes for a
boggling amount of words, pictures and videos to
police. All such protestations are best understood
as a defence of the bottom line. If Facebook cannot
control its own creation without vast expense, that
is Facebook?s problem.
No traditional publisher is allowed to merely
shrug its shoulders when accused of plagiarism, or
copyright theft, or facilitating hate, violence, selfharm, stalking, paedophilia or terrorism. Successes
in combating online child pornography show that,
when properly motivated, tech giants are wellplaced to solve the problems they themselves have
exacerbated. While there is a balance to be struck
between the privacy of users and the transparency
of social media platforms, it should not be the
platforms? choice where to strike it.
It is no longer enough for technology companies
to smirk behind algorithms and claim that there is
nothing they can do. Where their inventions are
ravaging the norms of law, culture and society,
they must come up with solutions. If they will not,
they must expect governments to tame them with
the full force of the law. If that hits their vast
profits, that, too, is their problem.
Pariah Putin
Russia?s destructive actions and rejection of the West are an act of self-harm
Independent monitors from the Organisation
for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)
have confirmed British claims that a militarygrade nerve agent was used to poison the Russian
former double agent Sergei Skripal and his
daughter. In doing so, the watchdog has scattered to
the wind some two dozen alternative explanations
offered by Moscow to obscure a grim truth: that a
highly pure toxic chemical from the novichok
family, developed in Russia, was used as a weapon
against civilians in a British city.
If Russia were the responsible power that it
claims to be, its authorities would now be trying
to establish how and why this poison ended up
in Salisbury last month. Instead the Kremlin
continues to deny, dissemble and divert. Its foreign
ministry spokeswoman glossed over the OPCW
report yesterday and claimed instead that Britain
had abducted Mr Skripal?s daughter. In fact she is
receiving follow-up treatment in a safe house. The
facts, however, are of little concern to a Moscow
which no longer sees any benefit in co-operating
honestly with the West.
This should be a matter of sadness for all parties.
On this day
In 1919 hundreds of Indian nationalists were
killed and thousands wounded when British
troops opened fire on a crowd in Amritsar;
in 1964 Sidney Poitier became the first
black actor to win the best actor Oscar, for
Lilies of the Field; in 1970 Apollo 13 astronaut
Jack Swigert heard an oxygen tank explode
and uttered the memorable phrase:
?Houston, we?ve had a problem here.?
London before parliament?s digital, culture, media
and sport select committee.
The Washington hearings were called because
of revelations that the data of Facebook users had
been misappropriated by the British lobbying firm
Cambridge Analytica. Mr Zuckerberg was also
challenged over offering a platform for hate speech,
foreign propaganda and extremism. For years
Facebook has denied being a publisher and thus
shirked the responsibility for content shouldered
by, for example, newspapers and television. This
too may at last be changing. ?When people ask us
if we?re a media company,? Mr Zuckerberg said,
?what I hear is do we have a responsibility for
the content that people share on Facebook, and I
believe the answer to that question is yes.?
It is one thing to admit responsibility and
another to act on it. Facebook, along with other
tech companies, has tried many tactics to absolve
itself from responsibility for the content it hosts.
Its executives have protested that co-operating
with law enforcement in democratic countries
obliges it to respond to the demands of more
tyrannical regimes in other markets. They have
argued that giving users anything less than what
they wish for would lead to an exodus to less
responsible sites. And they have made an argument
Vladimir Putin, on becoming president 18 years
ago, appeared to seek common ground with the
world?s democracies. He did so out of self-interest,
believing that an economy open to the world
would help his country to prosper without
compromising its national identity.
The Russian recession of 2008-09 put paid to
these hopes with bank failures, lay-offs and a
surge in unemployment. Since then Mr Putin has
changed course and pursued the aim of projecting
Russia as a great power. Its army has been
expensively modernised and deployed in proxy
conflicts against powers perceived as intent on
encircling his country. The annexation of Crimea
in 2014 and the destabilisation of eastern Ukraine
were blamed on western efforts to woo a historical
ally of Russia. The West was naive in its early
dealings with Mr Putin but the key factor in the
deteriorating East-West relationship is that the
nature of his rule has fundamentally shifted. It has
become a power intent on disruption.
After the Skripal affair and Russia?s brazen
defence of the Assad regime, the open question is
whether there is a way back to normal relations
with Mr Putin?s administration. Candour about the
Skripal poisoning, restraining Assad, negotiating
an exit from eastern Ukraine and ending its
relentless cyberattacks would be a beginning. A
genuine re-set, though, would involve accepting
the value of honesty rather than routinely distorting
information for political advantage. That would
entail a reversal of Mr Putin?s governing method.
One of his most influential advisers wrote
this week that Russia was entering ?100 years of
solitude? after a fruitless attempt to become part
of western civilisation. Kremlinologists ask: who
lost Russia? But it is Mr Putin who has chosen to
drift away from the West.
His decision to destroy all trust is the more
regrettable because there are still strong sentimental ties between the Russians and the British,
not least because in the end they fought alongside
each other against Hitler and Russia contributed
more than any nation to the defeat of Nazism. Mr
Putin should understand that western influence
can be a force for good and that accepting international norms is not a sign of weakness. There is,
however, not much hope that he will repent.
Live a Little
Or at least, reserve the right to
One of Bear Grylls?s more successful television
series, Running Wild, involved scaring the living
daylights out of celebrities. He has jumped out of
an aeroplane with Zac Efron, the star of High
School Musical. He has hauled Kate Winslet up a
crag in Snowdonia and communed with Barack
Obama on a glacier in Alaska. Another series,
SAS: Who Dares Wins, gives adrenalin rushes and
kicks in the pants to more ordinary folk.
Say what you like about reality TV, but it takes
participants far beyond their comfort zones and
gives them stories to dine out on for the rest of
their lives, however long or short those lives may
be. It aims to capture some of the tension in the old
proverb that it is better to live for a day as a lion
than a thousand years as a sheep. The proverb
resonates even with those of us stuck resolutely to
the sofa, because we all feel the same tension. We
feel it even when a bottle of crisp white rioja stands
open on the side table next to the hummus and the
bread sticks, and we will feel it all the more acutely
in light of a vast new study on drinking and life
expectancy.
Given average luck, an adult who sticks to British
safe drinking guidelines (no more than 14 units a
week or a glass of wine a day) will not die early
because of alcohol. But the study by Cambridge
University of 600,000 drinkers in 19 countries has
found that doubling that intake to two large glasses
a night will take two years off your life. Double it
again, and lose five years, and so on.
This newspaper would never counsel wilful
recklessness, or smoking. Even so it?s telling that
both the author of this study and the eminent
statistician Professor Sir David Spiegelhalter
admit that many will look at its results and see a
trade-off rather than a slam dunk case for selfdenial. We can?t all be guests on Running Wild. You
want another glass? Go on. Have one.
30
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Friday April 13 2018 | the times
World
Trump has no hold on
reality, says ex-FBI boss
United States
Boer Deng Washington
President Trump has turned the White
House into ?a cocoon of alternate reality? where he rules through fear and a
mobster-like obsession with personal
fealty, James Comey, the former FBI
director, claims in a new book.
Mr Comey, 57, was sacked last May,
allegedly because he would not pledge
loyalty to the US leader.
In a memoir due to be published on
Tuesday, Mr Comey exacts his revenge
with a scathing account of his four
months as FBI director under Mr
Trump. It depicts the president as ?untethered to reality? and a serial liar.
Dealing with him, he writes, felt like
?flashbacks to my earlier career as a
prosecutor against the Mob?.
Mr Comey?s book, A Higher Loyalty,
is published at a particularly sensitive
time for Mr Trump and the White
House. Officials there describe Mr
Trump as enraged by the FBI raid of his
personal lawyer?s home and office on
Monday, raising the prospect that he
James Comey says
the president
pressured him to
ease up on FBI?s
collusion inquiry
could fire Rod Rosenstein, the deputy
attorney-general, who appointed
Robert Mueller as special counsel in
charge of the investigation into alleged
links between Russia and the Trump
campaign.
Mr Comey talks about the president
?lying about all things, large and small,
in service to some code of loyalty that
put the organisation above morality
and above the truth?. During one meeting, Mr Comey claims, Mr Trump asked
him to investigate allegations that Russians had a video of the president
engaged in a sex act in order to reassure
his wife, Melania.
The episode was described in an un-
Republicans back Mueller
Boer Deng
Senior Republicans are
supporting an
emergency bill that
would prevent
President Trump firing
the special counsel
investigating Russian
meddling in the
election that propelled
him to the White
House.
Chuck Grassley,
chairman of the
Senate judiciary
committee, yesterday
backed a bipartisan bill
to limit the president?s
authority over Robert
Mueller, against whom
Mr Trump has
repeatedly railed. It
would allow Mr
Mueller to be
reinstated if Mr Trump
fired him.
The move
underlines Republican
unease at the prospect
of Mr Trump
dismissing Mr Mueller.
Mr Trump has made
Mr Mueller a regular
target of his abrasive
tweets in recent
months. However, last
night he struck a more
emollient tone,
tweeting: ?I have
agreed with the
historically
cooperative,
disciplined approach
that we have engaged
in with Robert Mueller
(Unlike the Clintons!).
I have full confidence
in Ty Cobb, my Special
Counsel, and have
been fully advised
throughout each phase
of this process.?
Mr Mueller, 73, is
seen as the gravest
threat to Mr Trump?s
presidency since he
was appointed last year
by Rod Rosenstein, the
deputy attorneygeneral. The decision
has earned Mr
Rosenstein Mr Trump?s
enduring enmity, and
there were reports last
night that the White
House was drafting a
memo to prepare the
ground for his
dismissal.
Mr Mueller, a
former head of the
FBI, has the authority
to pursue evidence
wherever it takes him,
in the same way that
Kenneth Starr, the
Clinton-era special
prosecutor, began
investigating the
Whitewater property
controversy and ended
up accusing the
president of perjury
over his affair with
Monica Lewinsky.
He has also secured
a guilty plea from a
campaign aide, George
Papadopoulos, for
lying over contacts
with Russians. Mr
Mueller has
interviewed, among
others, Jared Kushner,
Mr Trump?s son-in-law
and adviser, Hope
Hicks, the president?s
recently resigned,
longest-serving aide,
and Steve Bannon, his
former strategist. He
also triggered this
week?s FBI raid on Mr
Trump?s lawyer,
Michael Cohen, and
has issued subpoenas
for documents from
the Trump
Organisation.
Mike Pompeo, Mr
Trump?s nominee for
secretary of state,
confirmed for the first
time yesterday that he,
too, had been
interviewed by Mr
Mueller. ?I
co-operated,? he told
his Senate
confirmation hearing.
Under questioning,
he said he would be
unlikely to resign if Mr
Trump fired Mr
Mueller. ?My instincts
tell me no,? said Mr
Pompeo, 54, currently
the CIA director.
?My instincts tell me
my obligation to
continue to serve as
America?s senior
diplomat will be more
important in times of
domestic political
turmoil.?
The Senate plans to
debate and amend the
bill to protect the
investigation next
week. A vote could be
held on the Senate
floor by April 26.
verified dossier compiled by Christopher Steele, in which the former British
intelligence officer wrote that the president hired prostitutes to urinate on a
bed at a hotel he stayed at in Moscow.
Mr Comey claims that the president
also pressured him to ease up on an FBI
inquiry into allegations of collusion
between Russian agents and his associates. According to Mr Comey, Mr
Trump repeatedly sought him out in a
month-long campaign. He told Mr
Comey: ?I need loyalty.?
At the time the FBI was scrutinising
unusual ties between Michael Flynn,
who was then the national security
adviser, and representatives from
Russia and Turkey. When Mr Comey
would not let up on Mr Flynn, the president sacked him. This led the justice
department to appoint Mr Mueller, an
independent special counsel, to investigate the Russia allegations. Mr Flynn
has pleaded guilty to lying to the FBI.
After Mr Comey appeared before
Congress to discuss his dismissal last
June, Mr Trump denounced him as a
?showboat? and a liar.
Mr Comey writes that even John
Kelly, the White House chief of staff,
thought that his firing was problematic
and offered to quit in protest. Mr Kelly
?said he didn?t want to work for dishonourable people?, Mr Comey claims.
He predicts that a pivotal question
being examined by Mr Mueller ?is whether or not in urging me to back the FBI
off our investigation of his national
security adviser and in firing me, President Trump was attempting to obstruct
justice, which is a federal crime. There
is at least circumstantial evidence in
that regard, and there may be more.?
Mr Trump?s allies have begun a publicity campaign to discredit Mr Comey.
6 Mr Trump is embroiled in claims that
a former doorman at Trump Tower in
New York was paid to keep quiet about
an affair. Dino Sajudin is alleged to
have been paid $30,000 by the National
Enquirer for a story claiming that Mr
Trump fathered a child out of wedlock
with an employee in the 1980s, which it
then did not run.
Robots will be taught how to think like a scientist
Ben Hoyle Los Angeles
In the beginning scientists built robots.
Then the machines learnt to work
alongside people, carrying out research
under the direction of humans.
Now artificial intelligence, or AI, is
about to breach a new frontier: over the
next few months an AI algorithm will
devise the complex experiments to be
carried out in a laboratory at Carnegie
Mellon University, Pittsburgh.
?It?s automating not only the manual
part of the experiment but also the
planning part,? Brian Storey, the Toyota
Research Institute scientist who is leading the project, said.
At present an inexhaustible robot
arm in the laboratory carries out endless experiments, mixing prescribed
concentrations of chemical reagents in
test tubes in search of the ideal composition for high-capacity electric car
batteries. Soon the system will decide
automatically how to modify the proportions of the ingredients.
Machines that can sift patterns and
recommend experiments could prove
invaluable for scientists and businesses
swamped by the volume of data from
increasingly sophisticated devices. The
devices may lead science in new directions as well as reduce labour.
Barnab醩 P骳zos, a Carnegie Mellon
machine learning professor on the
Toyota project, said that AI could soon
be devising new procedures. ?I can easily imagine cases in which AI would
recommend experiments to try to synthesise a chemical molecule that you
wouldn?t think possible,? he said.
To those concerned by the most
apocalyptic forecasts about the potential of AI this is likely to be an alarming
development.
Elon Musk, the billionaire founder
of SpaceX and chief executive
of Tesla, has called AI ?a bigger
threat than North Korea?.
Stephen Hawking, the late physicist, warned that machines
could one day wipe out the
human race.
Many others in the scientific
community and technology industry believe, however, that
fears over the role of AI have been
exaggerated. They see advances
in positive terms, provided that
developers take their responsibiliRobby the Robot: AI need
not cause humans to fear
ties seriously. ?It?s a choice, and humans
are in control,? Satya Nadella, the chief
executive of Microsoft, said last year.
John
Giannandrea,
the
former head of artificial intelligence at Google who was
poached by Apple last week, has
said that fear-mongering around
AI was ?unwarranted and
borderline irresponsible?.
He said: ?People who don?t
understand the technology get
very concerned rather than
focusing on the positive effects.
?Computers are incredibly
powerful but they are also pretty
dumb and I think we need to
work hard to make them fulfil
the potential that they have.
That means teaching them to
be smarter.?
Royal appointment King Felipe of Spain
Madrid. The pair discussed military and
the times | Friday April 13 2018
31
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Collectors bid for door
to Bette Davis?s room
at the Chelsea Hotel
Page 33
CARLOS R ALVAREZ/WIREIMAGE/GETTY
G鰐terd鋗merung:
Berlin wannabes jostle
to succeed Merkel
Page 36
Nobel chief quits as anger
over sex scandal worsens
Sweden
David Charter
The head of the committee that awards
the Nobel prize for literature quit last
night amid a growing furore over a sex
scandal and claims that winners? names
were systematically leaked.
Sara Danius announced her decision
after a three-hour meeting of the Swedish Academy that followed an unprecedented rebuke from the foundation
which oversees all five Nobel prizes and
a plea from the Swedish king for action
to end the crisis.
Ms Danius, 56, a Swedish literature
historian, said the turmoil at the academy had ?already affected the Nobel
prize quite severely?.
The in-fighting and intrigue at the
232-year-old Swedish Academy burst
into the open last week when three of its
18 members resigned over a member
whose husband is embroiled in a sex
scandal and has been accused of leaking winners? names.
The scandal was already worsening
yesterday amid claims that academy
members had ignored complaints
about sexual harassment dating back
more than 20 years because they did
not seem ?important?.
Swedes were also offered a glimpse of
the poisonous atmosphere inside the
organisation when the trio who had
tended their resignation were branded by another academy member as ?a
clique of sore losers?.
The allegations of sexual abuse
centre on Jean-Claude Arnault,
husband of Katarina Frostenson, a Swedish poet and longserving academy member. He
has been accused of sexually
assaulting 18 women, including female academy members
and the wives and daughters of
their male colleagues. Mr
Arnault denies the claims.
The academy was founded
by King Gustaf III in 1786 to
advance Swedish language
and literature. It has awarded
the literature prize since 1901
after being asked to choose a global
laureate annually by the industrialist
Alfred Nobel. It was one of five Nobel
prizes he created, including for chemistry, physics, medicine and peace. The
peace prize is handed out by a Norwegian committee.
?It is inevitable that a severe crisis at
a prize-awarding institution also harms
the Nobel prize?s reputation,? the foundation board said in a statement. ?We
can see that the trust in the Swedish
Academy has been seriously damaged.
It is not yet clear how this situation may
tarnish the Nobel prize?s reputation.?
It called for rapid progress in three
areas to restore the good name of the
Nobel literature prize and its awarding
body.
?Confidentiality and conflicts of interest? should be ?handled in accordance with both the Swedish Academy
and the Nobel Foundation?s regulations?, it said, over allegations that Mr
Arnault, who runs a cultural centre in
Stockholm called the Forum with his
wife, leaked the name of the prizewinner on seven occasions, including
that of Bob Dylan in 2016. The Swedish
Academy was urged to ?ensure that the
work on this year?s Nobel prize in litera-
Jean-Claude Arnault with
Katarina Frostenson
ture can be carried out in a credible
manner? and ?that suspected criminal
acts are referred to and handled by law
enforcement agencies?.
Swedish police have said they are investigating some of the sexual harassment claims made against Mr Arnault.
Police have also said that some cannot
be investigated because they took place
too long ago.
The scandal grew when evidence
emerged that Anna-Karin Bylund, a
textile artist, complained in 1996 to
Sture Allen, the academy?s chairman,
about alleged sexual harassment by Mr
Arnault. Mr Allen, still a member of the
academy, has said that he did not act on
it because ?the contents of the letter did
not seem important?.
The three members who resigned
last week after failing in a secret vote of
the academy?s 18 members to force Ms
Frostenson out were called a ?clique of
sore losers? by Horace Engdahl, a board
member who supports Mr Arnault. Mr
Engdahl also said that it was wrong to
make the dispute public. ?These sorts of
indiscretions are more damaging to the
academy than a Nobel prize decision
that has leaked out a few days too soon,?
he said.
Ebba Witt-Brattstrom, Mr Engdahl?s former wife and a well-known
literature professor, then criticised
him and called the academy ?incredibly patriarchal?.
Members are appointed for life
and even those who offered their
resignation cannot technically
be replaced until they die.
The academy?s rules stipulate
that a quorum of at least 12
members is necessary to make
significant decisions such as
electing a new member, although a simple majority is all
that is needed to choose the
prizewinner.
The board concluded: ?It
takes a long time to restore
damaged confidence. The
members of the Swedish
Academy must put their mission ahead of individual interests and restore confidence in the
Academy?s important work with
the Nobel prize in literature.?
Chinese banquet awaits migrating birds
China
Alaska
Bernard Lagan
meets Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman of Saudi Arabia at Zarzuela palace,
defence matters. The prince is defence minister as well as deputy prime minister
Scientists hope to save thousands of
migrating birds from starvation by
turning Chinese mudflats into a giant
feeding table.
They intend to lay out 500 tonnes of
small clams in an area where birds from
Australia and New Zealand stop on
their 10,000-mile journey to their summer breeding grounds in the Arctic.
A severe winter in China has reduced
food supplies and it is believed that as
many as 100,000 birds are in danger of
being unable to continue on what for
centuries has been one of the world?s
greatest bird migrations.
Great knots from Australia and
bar-tailed godwits from New Zealand
usually stay at the Yalu Jiang estuary on
Russia
China
Northward
migration
Southward
migration
Australia
Breeding range
New
Zealand
the north Yellow Sea for about ten
weeks, feeding to gain strength sapped
by a flight of more than 5,000 miles.
For the past few days David Melville,
an ecologist from New Zealand, has
watched the hungry and weak birds arrive in China desperate for food that was
not there. From next Monday he and an
army of volunteers plan to scatter the
small clams on the mudflats for six
weeks. He acknowledges that the mission interferes with nature but says that
the birds need all the help they can get.
Phil Battley, of Massey University in
New Zealand, has long studied migrations along the route and said that food
supplies had been falling for six years.
?I don?t think anybody has ever considered an intervention like this,? he said.
?Without it, potentially we?d have a
very big hit on at least two bird species.?
32
2G M
Friday April 13 2018 | the times
World
HASSAN JEDI/ANADOLU AGENCY/GETTY
Gaza protesters lose legs
after Israel refuses help
Israel
Anshel Pfeffer Jerusalem
Two young Palestinian men each
had a leg amputated this week after
being shot by Israeli soldiers at the
Gaza border.
According to Israeli-Arab organisations that petitioned the Israeli
high court on their behalf, their legs
could have been saved with proper
medical treatment, which is unavailable in the Gaza Strip.
Hundreds of Palestinians are allowed in to Israel from Gaza each
year for medical treatment but the
Israeli government has said it will
not help those it deems as security
risks or who have taken part in
action against Israel.
The two men, identified as Yousef
Karnaz, 20, and Muhammad alAjouri, 17, were among hundreds of
young Palestinians shot and wounded on March 30 after flouting warnings not to encroach on the Gaza
border fence during the first of a series of protests billed by the Palestinians as ?the Great Return March?.
Palestinian organisations insist
that the marches are non-violent,
but the Israeli government maintains they are used by Hamas as a
cover for terrorist attacks, with
several protesters throwing petrol
bombs or stones at Israeli soldiers.
The troops have orders to shoot at
anyone getting within 200 metres of
the fence. In most cases, they shoot
towards the legs, but at least 31 men
have been killed.
A petition was made to the Israeli
High Court to allow the two men to
be treated in the West Bank but the
government said that, although
they met the medical criteria for
being allowed to travel through
Israel, their wounds were ?directly
related to their participation in the
riots?, so they were denied entry.
The High Court deferred its
ruling and scheduled a second session yesterday, but doctors in Gaza
decided that neither of the men
could wait for the outcome and both
had a leg amputated.
A third march is scheduled for today. The Palestinians said that they
would march every Friday until
May 15, when they mark Nakba Day,
or day of catastrophe, the 70th anniversary of Israel?s establishment.
Governor among dead
as Taliban storm base
Afghanistan At least 15 people
have been killed in a Taliban
attack on a government
compound in southeast Khwaja
Omari district. The dead include
several intelligence agents and Ali
Dost Shams, the local governor.
Scores of militants used ladders to
scale the walls of the compound
early yesterday, and overwhelmed
troops. The area is near to Ghazni,
the provincial capital, raising fears
of a future attack on the city. The
raid marks the start of the spring
?fighting season? though militants
have ignored the winter battle lull
this year, under pressure from air
attacks. The killings are another
blow for President Ghani. He
offered a peace deal and political
recognition to the Taliban in
February. It was refused. But some
regional powers believe the group
is open to talks.
Greek pilot?s fatal crash
Palestinians plan to stage protests until May 15, which they call the day of catastrophe
CITY REPORT
Berlin: the new
start-up capital
of Europe?
CITY REPORT
BERLIN
The time
is now for
the German
capital
TRADE
TECHNOLOGY
SCIENCE
CULTURE
A smooth transition period after
the UK?s withdrawal from the EU
is vital to maintain Germany?s
manufacturing prowess P2
Start-up city: Berlin could
usurp London as the European
tech capital in the wake
of Brexit P3
Albert Einstein and Alexander von
Humbolt called it home. Now the
German capital is leading
a health-tech revolution P4
A unique blend of anarchist
thinking, creativity and government
support has resulted in a thriving
community of creatives P6
A titan
of Europe
Berlin is jostling for ?rst
place in the post-Brexit
business and
innovation race
Access to talent, a culture of creativity, and affordable
living mean the German capital is poised to steal
London?s crown as the home of European technology
and innovation in a post-Brexit world.
In The Times tomorrow
BROUGHT TO YOU BY
Child?s gang-rape
raises tensions in
Kashmir region
India
Hugh Tomlinson
The horrific death of an eight-yearold girl who was gang-raped and
tortured for several days before
being strangled has fuelled religious
and political tensions between
Hindus and Muslims in India.
A second rape, of a 15-year-old
girl, allegedly by a senior official of
the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party
(BJP) party, has further heightened
emotions.
The first incident took place in
Kashmir, long the scene of conflict
between Hindus and Muslims. Asifa
Bano was kidnapped on January 10
while grazing her horses. Her broken body was found a week later.
She had been tortured, raped and
strangled.
Even in India, which can appear
almost inured to daily reports of
horrific sex attacks ? many on
children ? the details of Asifa?s case
have been met with outrage.
Investigators said this week that
her kidnappers took her to a Hindu
temple where they drugged, tortured and raped her repeatedly for
days. Friends of the attackers were
summoned from nearby towns to
join in, with one invited by text message to ?satisfy his lust?. After days of
abuse they killed her.
Eight Hindus, including a former
government official and several
police officers, have been charged.
Under interrogation they confessed
to plotting the attack in an attempt
to terrorise Asifa?s community of
nomadic Muslim shepherds and
drive them off Hindu-owned lands.
The crime has inflamed the
schism between Hindu and Muslim-majority parts of the state,
where separatists have waged a
bloody insurgency against Indian
rule for 30 years.
Hindu nationalists have defended
the accused men, with lawyers trying to block police from filing the
charges and two ministers with the
BJP party of Narendra Modi, the
prime minister, joining demonstrations against the arrests.
When Asifa?s family tried to bury
her in a graveyard her community
had bought several years ago they
were blocked by Hindu radicals.
?We had to walk seven miles to bury
her in another village,? Muhammad
Yusuf Pujwala, her father, said.
The appearance of BJP officials
defending men accused of such
Protesters in Delhi have directed
their anger at the ruling BJP party
crimes has provoked anger far
beyond Kashmir ? a situation exacerbated by a second rape case to
have made the headlines.
Kuldeep Singh Sengar, a BJP MP
in Uttar Pradesh, stands accused of
the rape of a 15-year-old girl last
June. In court documents her family
state that police refused to investigate her allegation. When the family
persisted, it is claimed that Mr Sengar and a gang of thugs broke into
the family home, molested two of
the daughters and tied the father to
a tree before beating him and arresting him.
The mother went to Lucknow, the
state capital, on Sunday and tried to
set herself on fire at the chief minister?s home. Hours later, it is alleged,
the father died in police custody.
Athens A Greek air force pilot has
died in a crash in the Aegean Sea.
Captain Giorgos Baltadoros, 34,
was flying a Mirage 2000-5 jet
when he came down near Skyros
just after midday. Debris was
found northeast of the island. The
air force said that he had
?completed an operation? but did
not say what had gone wrong.
Greek media have said that jets
were on an interception mission
in the area, where Greek and
Turkish pilots often come up
against each other. Turkish
officials denied any involvement.
Estonians? DNA tested
Tallinn Estonia is offering free
genetic testing to its citizens in a
national experiment intended to
minimise the risks of diseases and
encourage healthier lifestyles.
The scheme will initially cover
100,000 people from a population
of 1.3 million, the Estonian
Genome Centre said. Participants
will give DNA samples from their
blood and give permission for the
data to be stored. In return they
will be given advice on managing
their risk of illnesses including
cardiovascular disease and
diabetes. (AP)
Marches for gun rights
Washington People attending gun
rights rallies across the US this
weekend have been encouraged
to bring unloaded rifles. The
National Constitutional Coalition
of Patriotic Americans claims to
have organised demonstrations
outside 45 statehouses. They are
responding to mass protests last
month calling for tougher gun
laws after the school shooting in
Parkland, Florida, in which 17
people were killed. Some perceive
the demands as a threat to their
right to bear arms under the
Second Amendment. (AFP)
Public canings banned
Banda Aceh The conservative
Aceh province of Indonesia will
no longer allow canings for
violations of Sharia to be carried
out in public, Irwandi Yusuf, the
governor, has said. The change is
apparently in response to
international condemnation of
the caning last year of two men
for gay sex. A memorandum of
understanding stipulates that
caning can take place only in
prisons or other places of
detention. Adults can still witness
the punishment but recording
will not be allowed. (AP)
the times | Friday April 13 2018
33
2G M
World
Paris council sues Airbnb for ?43m a day
France
Adam Sage Paris
Paris is seeking ?43 million a day in
damages from Airbnb, accusing it of
failing to respect laws designed to curb
holiday rentals.
The city council sued the Californian
flat-sharing company, along with
Wimdu and Paris Attitude, its smaller
rivals, yesterday for their alleged refusal
to ensure that each flat or house listed
on their websites has a specific registration number.
Paris is taking a particularly tough
approach to holiday rental sites, which
have been widely portrayed as a cultural and social threat. The French capital
has at least 50,000 Airbnb listings,
more than any other city, and France as
a whole has more accommodation
Paris has 50,000 flats listed on Airbnb
available through the site than any
country outside the US.
The registration system was introduced last year as officials sought to
halt the spread of holiday rentals after
hoteliers claimed that they were being
driven out of business and many Pari-
sians complained that residential
neighbourhoods were being overrun by
tourists. Registration is designed to
enforce legislation that prevents homeowners letting their properties to tourists for more than 120 days a year. This
was intended to stop landlords buying
up properties for the holiday rental
market, and exacerbating a housing
shortage in Paris.
Anne Hidalgo, the socialist mayor,
said that holiday rental sites should list
flats belonging to homeowners wanting
to make a little extra money and not to
professional landlords. This could be
achieved only if each listing had a registration number so that officials could
keep track of it and enforce the 120-day
rule.
Ian Brossat, the deputy mayor, said
that 84 per cent of the flats in Paris that
were listed on Airbnb?s site did not have
a registration number ? an omission
that he condemned as a deliberate
attempt to circumvent the law.
?Since December 1, 2017, [holiday
rental] platforms must remove listings
that do not have a registration number,?
he said. ?Airbnb has not made the
slightest effort and has even explicitly
refused to withdraw the listings
because it says the law is too complicated to implement.?
Denouncing Airbnb?s approach as
inexcusable, Mr Brossat said that he
had filed legal documents demanding
the withdrawal of the 43,000 listings in
Paris without a registration number,
and damages of ?1,000 per day per listing if Airbnb left them on its site.
He said that the Paris city council was
demanding further damages of ?5,000
a day for every new listing that lacked a
registration number.
The council had filed similar lawsuits
against Wimdu and Paris Attitude, he
added, with the hearing due on June 12.
A similar registration system had
been introduced successfully in San
Francisco, where Airbnb has its headquarters, Mr Brossat said. The site had
then withdrawn half its listings.
Airbnb said that the council?s launch
of legal proceedings was disappointing
and denounced Paris?s regulations as
?confused, complex and better suited
for professionals than for private individuals?.
Its spokesman called on the Paris city
council to copy its counterparts in
London, Berlin and Barcelona, ?with
whom we are working efficiently to
take commonsense measures?.
VCG WILSON/BETTMANN ARCHIVE/GETTY; DON EMMERT/AFP/GETTY; JOHN KOBAL FOUNDATION/GETTY IMAGES; STANLEY DEVON/THE TIMES
For sale: doors to
bohemian past of
the Chelsea Hotel
C
ollectors and
art world
potentates
were due at a
gallery in
Manhattan last night for
an auction of dirty old
doors collected by a
homeless man (Will
Pavia writes).
The doors, 52 of them,
are mostly white,
wooden and scratched
with use. ?If you saw a
door like this in a flea
market it wouldn?t be
worth three dollars,?
said Arlan Ettinger, the
president of Guernsey?s
auction house, which is
selling the doors for a
starting price of
about �500 each.
?But we have had
people from 24
countries
registering to
take part in
the sale.?
This is
because
they come
from the
Chelsea
Hotel in
New York.
Behind
these doors, at one
time or another, you
could find Bob Dylan,
Bette Davis and Tennessee Williams were among VIP guests at the Chelsea Hotel
Jimi Hendrix,
Tennessee
Williams and
Leonard Cohen,
who later sang
about a sexual
encounter there with
Janis Joplin in 1968.
The door to room 105
once opened to Edie
Sedgwick, muse of Andy
Warhol. ?He used that
room to film portions of
Chelsea Girls,? Mr
Ettinger said. ?It was
easy to match up doors
Spacey accused of sex abuse in LA
United States
Ben Hoyle Los Angeles
Prosecutors in Los Angeles have confirmed that they are reviewing a case of
alleged sexual abuse involving the double Oscar-winning actor Kevin Spacey.
Spacey, 58, is already the subject of
police investigations in England and
Massachusetts. The new inquiry is the
first to name him as a suspect in Los
Angeles, where he was until recently
one of the most influential figures in
Hollywood.
The former artistic director of the
Old Vic theatre in London is among the
most prominent of dozens of powerful
men whose reputations have been tarnished by allegations raised in the wake
of the Harvey Weinstein sexual misconduct scandal.
Spacey admitted himself to a sexual
addiction treatment centre in Arizona
last year after the first claims against
him became public. He was cut from his
lead role in the award-winning Netflix
series House of Cards and dumped by
his agent and publicist. His performance as J. Paul Getty in the film All the
Money in the World was edited out and
reshot with Christopher Plummer, who
ended up earning an Oscar nomination
as best supporting actor.
The Los Angeles county sheriff?s
department began an investigation into
allegations of a sexual assault involving
Spacey on December 11, 2017.
?The events were reported to have
taken place in October of 1992 in West
Hollywood involving a male adult,?
Nicole Nishida, a spokeswoman for the
department, told The Los Angeles
Times. After the investigation was completed it was forwarded to the district
attorney?s entertainment industry sex
crimes task force to be reviewed and
filed.
Prosecution appears unlikely. Any
sex crime involving an adult victim that
occurred in 1992 would fall outside California?s ten-year statute of limitations
on rape and other sex crimes committed before 2016.
Spacey, who won his Academy
Awards for performances in The Usual
Suspects and American Beauty, is the
subject of at least three sex crime investigations by the Metropolitan Police.
The Old Vic has received 20 allegations
of inappropriate behaviour by Spacey.
In total he has been accused of sexual
misconduct by at least 15 men. The first
to come forward was Anthony Rapp, an
actor who claimed that in 1986, aged 14,
he had to fight off an attempted sexual
assault by Spacey.
to specific figures from
the world of music and
literature and art.?
Often, more than one
famous person held the
key. Bette Davis opened
the door to room 126; so
did Iggy Pop. Madonna,
Isabella Rossellini and
the film-maker Shirley
Clark all turned the
handle to 822. Mark
Twain once stayed in
room 428, as did the
Irish poet Brendan
Behan. Behind these
doors ?art was created,
music and books were
written, orgies took
place and the occasional
murder?, Mr Ettinger
said, referring to the
stabbing of Sid Vicious?s
girlfriend, Nancy
Spungen. He is not sure
that they have that door
as only 22 of them have
numbers or other signs
of where they hung.
The doors were saved
by Jim Georgiou, a
homeless former
resident who spotted
them being dumped
when the hotel was
renovated. Mr Ettinger
hopes the sale will help
Mr Georgiou get a
home. Mr Georgiou is
donating half the takings
to a homeless charity.
Putin?s ?no oligarchs? claim
is a bit rich, say Russians
Russia
Tom Parfitt Moscow
There are no oligarchs in Russia, or so
the Kremlin said last week. Now the
Russian people have spoken and their
conviction is firm: 94 per cent disagree.
A survey shows that respondents not
only overwhelmingly believed in the
existence of oligarchs but could name a
few besides. Roman Abramovich, the
owner of Chelsea Football Club, was
one; Oleg Deripaska, the metals magnate, was another. They even identified
two prominent figures working in state
companies as oligarchs: Alexey Miller,
head of the Gazprom energy giant, and
Anatoly Chubais, chief executive of the
nanotechnology developer Rusnano.
Of the 94 per cent, 44 per cent said oligarchs caused ?more harm than good?.
The term emerged in the 1990s to describe a super-rich businessman who
had infiltrated state structures or could
use his resources to manipulate politics.
Last Thursday President Putin?s spokesman Dmitry Peskov was asked about a
CNN report that the team led by the US
special counsel Robert Mueller had
questioned two ?Russian oligarchs?. He
said: ?There are no oligarchs in Russia.?
?Perversely, I think Peskov is right,?
said Mark Galeotti, a Russia expert at the
Institute for International Relations in
Prague. ? ?Oligarchs? implies ownership
and power. Today?s rich Russian knows
he is just a steward of assets for a state
that can take them away tomorrow.?
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the times | Friday April 13 2018
35
1G M
World
BERTRAND LANGLOIS/AFP/GETTY
New Zealand
cuts off quest
for fossil fuels
New Zealand
Bernard Lagan
Ship shape A replica of the French frigate Hermione, which took General Lafayette to the US in 1780 to rally rebels battling for independence, arrives in Marseilles
New Zealand has banned new offshore
oil and gas drilling as part of an effort to
cut its net greenhouse gas emissions to
zero by 2050.
The centre-left Labour government
led by Jacinda Ardern also plans to
plant 100 million trees each year and
ensure the electricity grid runs entirely
on renewable energy.
The decision to end new offshore exploration was hailed by conservation
and environmental groups as a victory
in the battle against climate change.
Ms Ardern, 37, who campaigned on
the issue in last year?s election, told
cheering university students in Wellington: ?We have been a world leader
on critical issues to humanity by being
nuclear free and now we could be world
leading in becoming carbon neutral.?
The ban will not affect the country?s
22 existing exploration permits.
Ms Ardern said her government was
looking to a carbon-neutral future.
?Transitions have to start somewhere
and unless we make decisions today
that will essentially take effect in 30 or
more years? time, we run the risk of acting too late and causing abrupt shocks
to communities and our country.?
Interest in oil exploration in New
Zealand has waned in recent years as a
result of lower global oil prices, with only one permit issued in 2017, compared
with ten in 2014.
Neil Holdom, mayor of New Plymouth, in the Taranaki region, said the
ban was ?a kick in the guts?.
Sick Venezuelans go to the vet
for antibiotics and painkillers More athletes
Venezuela
Lucinda Elliott Sao Paulo
Drastic shortages of medicines have
prompted Venezuelans to start using
antibiotics made for dogs and painkillers made for cats because pharmacies
no longer stock what they need.
Patients are buying the drugs from
vets and pet shops as a slumping economy leaves the government without
enough money to buy much-needed
medical supplies. The development underlines the scale of Venezuela?s crisis,
already marked by widespread shortages of food and basic necessities.
In cities across the country, those
with the means are able to fill prescriptions by paying highly inflated prices on
the black market or by taking advantage of contacts abroad. For the vast
majority, however, the alternative is, increasingly, using substances designed
for animals.
Pet drugs can provide relief from
some human symptoms. Tablets for
chronic allergies and viruses such as
hepatitis, for example, are in high demand.
Stewart Sembergman, a doctor at a
public hospital in Caracas, said that in
some cases taking animal drugs was
better than taking nothing at all. ?In
this crisis, we have to use any resource,?
he added. But there can be dangerous
differences in dosages and ingredients.
Pet medication is not imported
through government-regulated channels and so is widely available, unlike
prescription drugs for humans, or
simple over-the-counter medication.
The Pharmaceutical Federation of
Venezuela estimates that 85 per cent of
the usual medicines are no longer available in the country. Sufferers of Parkinson?s disease have been unable to treat
their symptoms for the past seven
months, A韉a Cabrera, vice-president
of the Caracas Parkinson?s Association,
said at a demonstration outside the
United Nations headquarters in the
nation?s capital this week. There are
17,000 people in Venezuela registered
with the disease. Run-down hospitals, a
shortage of vaccines and an exodus of
doctors have also led to a sharp rise in
the number of cases of once-controlled
diseases like diphtheria, measles and
tuberculosis.
The country is so impoverished that
some foreign pharmaceutical companies were recently offered gold, diamonds and coltan ? the rare ore used
in making mobile phones ? as
an alternative payment for vital medicines. In one instance
the health ministry is alleged
to have proposed a diamond
exchange during a meeting
with drug companies.
To combat what is
widely considered a
humanitarian crisis,
aid groups have
President Maduro
has overseen an
economic collapse
been working to deliver medicines to
those most in need. This week two
medical organisations, Acci髇 Solidaria and Codevida, reported that 300,000
patients in a ?critical condition? were at
risk of death this year because the
authorities were denying permission or
ignoring requests for them to deliver
treatment.
Other charitable organisations, including the Red Cross and Caritas, have
said they have also been denied access to those in need. President
Maduro?s government has not
publicly recognised the scarcity
of medicines. National health
statistics have not been published since 2011. Jos� F閘ix
Oletta, a former health
minister, has claimed that
the government is stockpiling medicine as part of
a plot to help the beleaguered Mr Maduro win the
presidential elections scheduled for next month.
Japan in shock as PC shoots sergeant who told him off
Tokyo
Richard Lloyd Parry Tokyo
A teenage Japanese police constable
shot his sergeant through the back of
the head after being told off, an unprecedented kind of gun murder in a society
relatively free from crime.
Tomohiro Onishi, 19, told detectives
that he had killed Akira Imoto
?because he shouted at me? in the town
police post in Hikone, Shiga prefecture,
western Japan. The 41-year-old victim
was found slumped over his desk
having also been shot in the back.
It is the first case in Japan of one
police officer shooting another and the
only murder by a teenage constable. ?A
police officer committed a murder
using a gun we provided to him,? a
senior officer said on television. ?We
apologise deeply to the public.?
Shunichi Kuryu, commissionergeneral of the National Police Agency,
said: ?It is extremely regrettable.?
After the killing, Onishi locked the
small local koban, or police box, where
he and Sergeant Imoto were the only
officers present, took a police car, and
fled. The car was abandoned in a rice
field, prompting police to go to the box
where they found the lifeless officer.
There was no sign of a struggle. Police
began hunting Onishi, who was feared
still to be armed. He was arrested a few
miles from the scene and the gun he
discarded was recovered a few hours
later still attached to its holster and belt.
Details of the falling-out between
Onishi and Sergeant Imoto were not
made public but local media said he told
his interrogators: ?I shot him because I
was shouted at.?
The men had been working together
for two and a half weeks and colleagues
were said to be unaware of a problem
between them. Onishi joined the force
after leaving school last year. The police
are highly respected in Japan and given
credit for remarkably low levels of
crime. Even the notorious yakuza
gangs are in decline. New police figures
released yesterday show that gang
numbers have fallen for the 14th consecutive year to 16,800.
All Japanese police officers carry
guns, but only a tiny number ever draw
them, except on the practice range.
In 2016 there were only 27 criminal
shootings in a country of 127 million
people. Of these, 17 were carried out by
mobsters. Only five people died in the
shootings. The previous year, only one
person was shot dead in Japan.
vanish from
the Games
Australia
Bernard Lagan Sydney
Another six African athletes are
thought to have defected during the
Commonwealth Games, prompting the
Australian government to warn that it
will trace and deport runaways.
The disappearances follow those of
eight competitors from Cameroon, a
third of the team. Cameroon flew the
remaining members of its team home
yesterday, before the closing ceremony
on Sunday.
The latest six to vanish are one from
Rwanda, one from Ghana, two from
Uganda and two from Sierre Leone.
The Sierra Leoneans are a men?s squash
pair who failed to turn up for a match
and have not been seen since.
Peter Dutton, the Australian home
affairs minister, said yesterday that athletes who vanished would not be given
asylum. ?The Australian Border Force
officers will find these people,? he said.
?They will be held in immigration detention until they can be deported.?
In 2006, after the Commonwealth
Games in Melbourne, the Cameroon
weightlifters Fran鏾is Etoundi, 33, and
Simplice Ribouem, 35, were granted
refugee status. They now compete for
Australia and Etoundi won bronze on
the Gold Coast.
Ian Natherson, a migration agent in
Queensland, said that more than 40
Commonwealth Games athletes, most
from African nations, had contacted his
company to ask how they could stay.
Commonwealth Games, page 62
36
2G M
Friday April 13 2018 | the times
World
LUCIE STEPNICKOVA/CATERS NEWS
#MeToo at
EU agency
for equality
Cannes fans
told to have
selfie control
Lithuania
France
Bruno Waterfield Brussels
Charles Bremner Paris
An institute set up to advise the EU on
tackling gender inequality has itself
faced claims of sexual harassment.
The European Institute for Gender
Equality, based in Vilnius, the capital of
Lithuania, opened in 2013.
The Politico news website said that
there were three formal complaints of
sexual harassment at the agency in
2014 alone, two of which were upheld
and led to male staff leaving the agency.
A survey that year indicated that 54 per
cent of employees did not believe that
reports of inappropriate behaviour
would be taken seriously. Another in
2015 found that sexual harassment was
?a source of animosity and discomfort?
in the organisation.
In 2012 a woman emailed the human
resources manager to complain of
sexual harassment by her colleagues. In
2014 two trainees filed formal complaints against male colleagues, with
one accusing her supervisor of sexual
and
psychological
harassment.
Another woman made allegations
against two men, accusing one of sexual
harassment and the other of stalking
her.
One of the women was told that the
boss she had accused of harassment
had filed a countercomplaint against
her accusing her of ?gender-based violence? and ?mocking his heterosexuality?. All those who complained have left
the agency, according to Politico.
Virginija Langbakk, the agency?s
director, claimed that ?militant feminists? had made men feel attacked.
?We are working not just for women?s
empowerment but for gender equality,?
she told Politico. ?We?ve cleaned the
atmosphere completely and people are
not afraid to talk to each other.?
Guests at the Cannes film festival will
be thrown out for taking selfies, its
director has warned.
Thierry Fr閙aux said that organisers would enforce a red-carpet selfie
ban next month, dismissing the habit
? egoportrait in French ? as ?grotesque, ugly and indecent?.
Visitors, who enter film screenings
through the same entrance as stars,
have caused havoc at recent festivals by
trying to photograph themselves with
actors on the way in.
?We have to bring 2,200 people into
the Palais des Festivals and it slows up
everyone. They fall over. It?s chaos and
it?s not beautiful,? Mr Fr閙aux said.
?Cannes is based on desire, on the mysterious and on a certain elegance. We
think the practice of selfies spoils the
red carpet.?
Pierre Lescure, the festival chairman,
said that in Berlin or Venice, the other
big festival venues, the public did not
enter the cinema on the red carpet as
they did from the Croisette, the Cannes
boulevard. ?Nine times out of ten, it?s
ugly. There are a lot of people who cannot get into the theatre.?
Netflix pulled its four films out of this
year?s showings yesterday after the
competition rules were changed to ban
movies that do not get their first release
in France. One of them, Norway, about
the 2011 Utoya massacre and directed
by Paul Greengrass, had been tipped as
a Palme d?Or winner.
The festival opens on May 8, with
Cate Blanchett presiding over the jury.
Two contenders for the Palme d?Or
were made by dissident directors: Jafar
Panahi of Iran and Kirill Serebrennikov
of Russia. Neither is allowed to leave
their country.
Go ape Richard the gorilla is not impressed as his days-old son, Ajabu, tries to get his father?s attention at Prague Zoo
Merkel?s top team fight for her crown
HANNIBAL HANSCHKE/REUTERS
The chancellor?s fourth
term will be her last
and she is already
losing her grip, writes
David Charter in Berlin
The red wine flowed and phone numbers were exchanged as Angela
Merkel?s new top team bonded into the
small hours.
The first cabinet awayday ended in a
drinking session that went on until
almost 4am, at least for some of the
younger participants, in Schloss Meseberg, the chancellor?s retreat 40 miles
north of Berlin. Mrs Merkel, 63, seemed
to enjoy her break this week, getting
away from a capital gripped by political
intrigue, plotting and positioning.
It is an open secret that this fourth
term will be her last, which has created
a febrile atmosphere in the cabinet
made up of her conservative Christian
Democratic Union (CDU) party and
her coalition allies, the Bavarian Christian Social Union (CSU) and the centreleft Social Democratic Party (SPD).
That the Merkel era could soon be
over has made it hard for some to concentrate on their jobs and toe the cabinet line. There is an unpredictable
mood in Berlin that may even hasten
her departure.
The trip to Germany?s version of
Angela Merkel?s chosen heir is Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, left. But the loyal
Ursula von der Leyen and the ambitious Julia Kl鯿kner, right, are contenders too
Chequers was intended to press the reset button on Mrs Merkel?s government
less than four weeks after it had been
sworn in. The chancellor?s hard-fought
?grand coalition?, six months in the
making, has endured levels of ill-discipline more reminiscent of the end of a
parliamentary term than the start.
A midterm review after two years is
built into the coalition agreement and it
may be the opportunity Mrs Merkel
needs to step down, with the result that
potential successors are already keen to
show their mettle.
Before that, however, comes the Bavarian state election in October, which
explains why Horst Seehofer, the CSU
leader, has been her most outspoken
minister. His party fears a surge by the
anti-immigrant Alternative for Germany (AfD) and wants to take every
opportunity to beat it at its own game.
Two days after being appointed to an
enhanced Interior Ministry with a mission to improve social cohesion, he
began proclaiming that ?Islam does not
belong to Germany?, contradicting Mrs
Merkel?s repeated declarations, and
preparing to draw up a restrictive law
on family reunions for refugees.
In her weakened state Mrs Merkel
had to concede the important ministry
to the CSU as part of the coalition negotiations and always knew that Mr See-
hofer, 68, was going to be a handful. The
pair have history. Their relationship
suffered on the night in September 2015
when Mrs Merkel agreed to allow thousands of migrants into Germany.
While she insists that she genuinely
tried to consult Mr Seehofer, it was very
late by the time she called his mobile
phone, which was switched off while he
was at his holiday home in Bavaria. Nobody thought to send police or a party
official around and he woke up the next
day to learn the Bavarian border with
Austria had effectively been erased.
Mr Seehofer is not the most problematic cabinet member though. Mrs
Merkel was obliged to appoint Jens
Spahn, a rising star of the right, under
pressure from the conservative wing of
her CDU party angry at her generous
welcome to migrants. A gay Catholic
who had been critical of Mrs Merkel?s
refugee policy, Mr Spahn, 37, became
health minister. So it was odd that one
of his first big interviews in office was
about criminal justice. ?The task of the
state is to ensure law and order. This
task was not sufficiently carried out in
recent years,? he said.
Mrs Merkel has advanced her own
favourite for her post, Annegret
Kramp-Karrenbauer, 55, a state prime
minister who has become CDU secretary-general, a party position which
meant she was not at the awayday.
Instead, her rivals made the most of
the bonding exercise. Julia Kl鯿kner,
45, the minister for food and agriculture
from the CDU, is also among those
thought to have an eye on the top job.
She has backed a call for a ban on headscarves for girls under 14; attitudes towards Islam have become a barometer
of conservative credibility, much to
Mrs Merkel?s private annoyance.
A contender whose moment may
have passed, Ursula von der Leyen was
the subject of gentle teasing during the
evening by Mrs Merkel, German media
reported. The petite defence minister
had been eager to tuck into the buffet
and approached the chancellor to ask if
it was time for dinner. Mrs Merkel announced the opening of the buffet by
making a joke of her surprise at who
was the most eager, glancing at some of
the more rotund figures in the room. To
Mrs von der Leyen this may have felt
like a cruel jibe at the expense of a loyal
minister whose chances of becoming
chancellor seem to be slipping away.
None of the reports about wassailing
refers to the three CSU ministers, in
another ominous sign for the coalition.
Without the Bavarians the government
will lose its majority and they have so
far quarrelled with the SPD about refugees, benefits and spending.
Mrs Merkel said the gathering had
been a success but seems resigned to the
partisan posturing. ?We will have debates,? she said. ?If they become public, it
just means we do not all get up every
morning with the same views.?
A longer version of this article appears
on mobile, tablet and at thetimes.co.uk
the times | Friday April 13 2018
37
2G M
Business
world markets (Change on the day)
commodities
FTSE 100
7,258.34 (+1.20)
Gold
$1,337.98 (-19.62)
Dow Jones
24,483.05 (+293.60)
21
29
$
$
�/$
$1.4244 (+0.0050)
$
�/?
?1.1560 (+0.0095)
�
7,800
28,500
1,500
78
1.450
1.200
7,400
26,500
1,400
70
1.400
1.150
7,000
24,500
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62
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22,500
6,600
Mar 13
currencies
Brent crude (6pm)
$71.19 (-0.12)
Apr 10
Mar 14
22
Apr 2
10
1,200
Mar 14
22
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10
54
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22
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10
1.050
1.300
Mar 14
22
Apr 2
10
Mar 14
22
Apr 2
10
SIMON WILLIAMS FOR THE WALL STREET JOURNAL
BA owner
sets sights
on landing
budget rival
Stake in no-frills Norwegian may herald takeover
Graeme Paton Transport Correspondent
The owner of British Airways is considering a takeover of its no-frills rival
Norwegian as part of an expansion into
budget long-haul flying.
International Airlines Group (IAG)
confirmed yesterday that it may make
an offer for the low-cost carrier, which
is valued at about �8 million, after
taking a 4.6 per cent stake. Shares in
Norwegian, which has been in trouble
after a rapid expansion in recent years,
rose by 47 per cent in Oslo.
Analysts said the move represented
an attempt by IAG to boost its budget
long-haul business amid a price war on
key transatlantic routes. Norwegian,
which carries more than 30 million
passengers a year, has pioneered the
growth of no-frills long-haul flights,
offering services from the UK to more
than a dozen destinations in the US,
Caribbean, Argentina, Singapore and
Dubai. Its most popular deals have
inside today
Long-haul has not faced
such a threat since Laker
Patrick Hosking, pages 38-39
included � flights from Edinburgh to
New York. IAG, formed from a merger
of BA and Iberia in 2011, has launched
its own low-cost long-haul airline,
Level. In 2015 it bought Vueling, the
Spanish short-haul budget airline. This
week BA announced a basic hand luggage-only fare starting at just �3 on
ten long-haul routes.
The stake in Norwegian will
strengthen IAG?s position at Gatwick,
Britain?s second busiest airport and
Norwegian?s biggest UK base. IAG had
acquired Monarch?s slots there after the
collapse of the airline last year.
Experts claimed that IAG was being
pushed into a ?land-grab? for assets by
the potential sale of Alitalia to a consortium including Air France/KLM or
Lufthansa. However, a bid for Norwegian, which was founded in 1993 by
Bjorn Kjos, a former fighter pilot, would
be risky because of its huge debts.
The company, which initially operated as a regional airline in Scandinavia,
was forced to raise equity in March to
fund its expansion and cope with
higher fuel costs after warning of a
larger than expected loss in the current
quarter. Michael O?Leary, chief executive of Ryanair, said in September that
Norwegian was ?running out of cash?
and would not last the winter.
Chris Tarry, of Aviation Industry Research and Advisory, said the potential
acquisition provided an opportunity for
IAG to ?compete more widely in the
low-cost long-haul segment?.
Gerald Khoo, a Liberum analyst,
added: ?Willie Walsh [IAG?s chief executive] was interested in the low-cost
long-haul concept long before the creation of Level. This may be an attempt
to accelerate its development, while
also adding to the scale and reach of
Vueling in the intra-European market.?
In a statement, IAG said it considered Norwegian to be an ?attractive investment? and insisted that its 4.61 per
cent stake was ?intended to establish a
position from which to initiate discussions with Norwegian?. This includes
the possibility of a ?full offer? for the
company. It added: ?IAG confirms that
no such discussions have taken place to
date, that it has taken no decision to
make an offer at this time and that there
is no certainty that any such decision
will be made.?
The purchase of Norwegian would
bring in 144 aircraft, an $8 billion aircraft order book and slots at Gatwick,
where it is the third biggest carrier
behind Easyjet and BA.
Norwegian said that it had had no
prior knowledge of IAG?s actions but
welcomed the investment. It added:
?Norwegian believes that IAG?s
interest in the company confirms the
sustainability and potential of our
business model and global growth.?
Ana Bot韓, head of Banco Santander, said Wall Street had joined continental Europe in trying to lure firms away from London
City?s growth ?will stall? after Brexit
Callum Jones Trade Correspondent
James Dean US Business Editor
London?s growth as a major financial
centre is set to stall as Britain leaves the
European Union and the United States
attempts to lure more firms to Wall
Street, the boss of Spain?s biggest bank
has warned.
Ana Bot韓, executive chairwoman of
Banco Santander, argued that Brexit
has already disrupted the ?huge upward trend? in businesses and workers
arriving in the City.
She delivered her prognosis as the
boss of Goldman Sachs said that the US
investment bank may not have chosen
to build its new $1.4 billion European
base in London had it known that
Britain would leave the EU.
However, Lloyd Blankfein, Goldman?s chief executive, expressed surprise that the Brexit vote had not had
?more of a dramatic effect? on the UK
since the June 2016 referendum.
Addressing the Wall Street Journal?s
CEO Council in central London, Ms
Bot韓 said: ?I don?t think so many companies or people are going to leave the
UK. It is the people that are not coming
that we should worry about because the
UK was on a huge upward trend and
that is not as strong now.
?The US is taking lots of steps to
make their finance centre more competitive. It is not about the UK versus
continental Europe, it is about the UK
against the US and the big financial
centres.?
Santander has about 20,000 employees and 14 million customers in the UK,
with 806 branches.
In an interview with Politico yesterday, Mr Blankfein hinted that Goldman, which employs about 6,000
people in London and is a breeding
ground for some of the top names in
global finance, would have planned differently for its headquarters. ?We?re
still building it, the cranes are working
but we might have made a different
decision a few years ago,? he said. While
Goldman has committed to preserving
its continental base in London, Mr
Blankfein predicted that the economies of Frankfurt and Paris would
grow after Brexit as banks relocated
their resources. He noted that ?there
hasn?t been a dramatic fall-off? in the
City after the Brexit vote, but added
that the full extent of Brexit had yet to
be seen. ?Maybe there?s been a lag.?
As chief executive of Goldman,
which is valued at nearly $100 billion,
his commentary is closely followed by
investors. He said yesterday that the
world economy was performing well
despite global politics being ?as bitter
and as negative as I?ve ever seen?.
Mr Blankfein insisted that he does
not ?get hysterical at every pronouncement? made by President Trump
because there was a difference between
his rhetoric and what was actually
being done. Mr Trump was a ?disruptor? that the American people wanted,
he said.
Trump may renew trade deal, page 38
38
1G M
Friday April 13 2018 | the times
Business
Need to know
1
House prices in London are
falling at their fastest pace in
nearly a decade, according to a
report by Halifax, Britain?s biggest
mortgage provider, and IHS
Markit, the economic consultancy,
as the capital is hit by a wave of
changes to the property market.
Prices in the capital fell by 3.2 per
cent between January and March
compared with the previous three
months. Page 4
2
International Airlines Group,
the owner of British Airways,
is considering a takeover of its
budget rival Norwegian as part of
an expansion into low-cost longhaul flying, after taking a 4.6 per
cent stake. Page 37
3
London?s growth as a major
financial centre is set to stall
as Britain departs the
European Union and the United
States attempts to lure more firms
to Wall Street, warns Ana Bot韓,
executive chairwoman of Banco
Santander, Spain?s biggest bank.
Page 37
4
President Trump has directed
officials to examine whether
America should join with
nations including Canada, Japan
and Australia and sign up to a vast
trade agreement in a revival of the
Trans-Pacific Partnership, which
he abandoned in one of his first
acts as president in January 2017.
5
Carolyn Everson, vicepresident of global marketing
solutions at Facebook, said
there was little evidence that
people are changing their privacy
settings after 87 million users of
the social media site had their
personal information unwittingly
harvested for advertisers working
on Donald Trump?s presidential
election campaign.
6
High street banks and
building societies have
curbed the supply of credit to
consumers by more over the past
three months than at any time
since records began in 2007,
according to the Bank of England.
Page 40
7
Avast, a cybersecurity software
group whose chief executive
was fined in America for
allegedly aiding and abetting an
accounting fraud, is preparing to
list on the stock market in one
Britain?s biggest technology floats.
Page 42
8
Wilf Walsh, who became chief
executive of Carpetright,
Britain?s biggest flooring
retailer, in 2014, is ?confident and
bullish? about his plans to revive
the ailing business after
announcing plans to close 92
shops and reduce rents at another
133 through a company voluntary
arrangement. Page 43
9
EDF, part of the French
company that runs Britain?s
nuclear plants, has become
the latest energy supplier to raise
its prices, announcing that
1.3 million households will pay
between � and � a year more.
Page 44
10
Investors in Greene King
breathed a sigh of relief
after fears of another
profit alert proved wide of the
mark, sending shares of the
brewer and pub operator up
nearly 14 per cent. Page 45
Walsh swoops to get his claws
into biggest threat since Laker
Stake in no-frills rival
means BA?s owner can
share in its success or
profit from its failure,
Patrick Hosking writes
T
here was no shortage of
theories to explain Willie
Walsh?s eye-catching deal
yesterday. The International
Airlines Group chief executive?s purchase of a 4.6 per cent stake in
Norwegian Air Shuttle was footling,
probably only costing � million or so.
Nevertheless, it led to a frenzy of
speculation in the departure lounge.
The obvious explanation is that the
leader of the group that owns British
Airways and Iberia has been so rattled
by Norwegian?s success in no-frills
long-haul services that he wants to take
it out as a competitor. IAG said that a
full offer for Norwegian was one option.
IAG has made no secret of its interest
in low-cost intercontinental services.
Last year it set up its own franchise,
Level, operating out of Madrid and
Paris. It has also had to respond to Norwegian?s new routes and its competitive
pressure. At Gatwick, where Norwegian has competed directly with IAG, it
has been squeezing dozens more seats
on to its Boeing 777s to cut fares.
Not since Freddie Laker challenged
the cosy cartel of the transatlantic carriers with his Skytrain model 40 years
ago has long-haul looked under such
competitive threat. It is no coincidence
that Laker?s picture is immortalised on
one of Norwegian?s tailfins.
Mr Walsh could afford Norwegian
Profile
B
jorn Kjos, founder, chief
executive and 26 per cent
shareholder in Norwegian,
has aviation fuel running
through his veins.
His father founded an airline,
he is a former fighter pilot, he
married an air stewardess, and
one of their daughters is now a
pilot at the carrier he runs.
He?s also a qualified lawyer and
fiction writer with a published
spy novel, The Murmansk Affair,
under his belt. He is 71. During
the Cold War in the 1960s and
1970s he was first a paratrooper
in the Norwegian army and then
flew F-104 Starfighters and F-5
Freedom Fighters for the
Norwegian air force.
?He chased Russian jets off the
Norwegian border,? according to
the airline?s spokesman.
After working in the North Sea
oil industry, he co-founded
Norwegian Air Shuttle in 1993
with three leased Fokker 50
aircraft flying out of Bergen. By
2002 the airline was covering the
Scandinavian region and flying
as far as Newcastle. It expanded
its network deeper into Europe,
opening a second hub in Poland.
In 2009 it announced plans to fly
to New York and Bangkok. Willie
Walsh, a friend of Mr Kjos, said
in 2016: ?I think Bjorn?s a very
smart guy, the company is
ambitious and growing fast. But
I?m unclear in my own mind as to
where it?s going.?
too. The carrier, even after yesterday?s
share price surge, is worth less than a
tenth of IAG, which weighs in at � billion. But competition concerns could
prevent a full bid. While low-cost airlines are commonplace on short-haul
routes, Norwegian has blazed the long
haul trail, for example offering fares to
Buenos Aires from �9 one way and
spartan (don?t expect to be fed) transatlantic fares starting at � one way.
At Gatwick it secured 28 weekly slots
and is now the third biggest carrier
there with 4.6 million passengers and
1,000 UK-based pilots and crew. Competition authorities may struggle to see
how handing those assets to the BA
owner, which dominates at Heathrow,
would be good for service or fares.
Another theory is that Norwegian?s
share price has nosedived so far that an
opportunistic Mr Walsh, no stranger to
deals, just couldn?t resist. Before yesterday?s bounce, they had more than
halved in the last two years on worries
that its aggressive debt-fuelled expansion would ultimately end in tears. Buying efficient new Boeing 787 Dreamliners has cut the cost of fuel per passenger, but the saving comes at a
substantial upfront cost. Europe?s carriers look set for further consolidation, as
both Easyjet and Lufthansa eye up
bankrupt Alitalia. A stake in arguably
the industry?s biggest disruptor could
be a useful bargaining chip.
And if Norwegian were to fail, Mr
Walsh might like a seat at the table
carving up the corpse. ?If there is no imminent bid for Norwegian, IAG is just
the first vulture to have landed that
would like a say in how Norwegian?s
long-distance fleet is dismantled,? Karl
Johan Molnes, an analyst at Norne, the
Norwegian investment bank, said.
Norwegian share price
Q2 2017
Q3
Q4
280p
260
240
220
200
180
160
Q1 2018
Bjorn Kjos, a former paratrooper and
Trump mulls renewing
axed Pacific trade deal
Callum Jones, James Dean
President Trump has directed officials
to examine whether America should
join with nations including Canada,
Japan and Australia and sign up to a
trade agreement that he dropped days
after entering the White House.
As his administration considers how
to protect US farmers from an intensifying trade dispute with China, Mr
Trump is considering a revival of the
Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), which
he abandoned in one of his first acts as
president in January last year.
Beijing and Washington have each
threatened to impose tariffs on $50 billion worth of the other?s exports. Last
week Mr Trump ordered officials to
draw up a further list of Chinese targets
worth $100 billion.
As it attempts to protect the US agricultural industry amid heightened concern over a sharp deterioration in its
trade relations with China, the Trump
administration is now examining
whether it could return to TPP, which
was initially designed by the US to
counter Beijing?s dominance.
Earlier this month a group of 11
nations including Mexico, New Zealand and Singapore, signed up to a trade
deal forged from the ashes of the part-
nership. The Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific
Partnership (CPTPP) has not yet been
formally ratified by enough countries
to come into force, however.
After a meeting with Mr Trump yesterday, Pat Roberts and Ben Sasse, two
Republican senators, said he had reaffirmed ?multiple times? that it could be
easier to rejoin TPP. Larry Kudlow, the
White House economic adviser, and
Robert Lighthizer, the US trade representative, have been tasked with
examining how the US could do so.
?The best thing the United States can
do to push back against Chinese
cheating now is to lead the other 11
Pacific nations that believe in free trade
and the rule of law,? Mr Sasse told The
New York Times.
The US has cited allegations of
state-backed intellectual property theft
and forced technology transfers as it
threatens to hit Chinese exports worth
up to $150 billion with tariffs. Beijing
has insisted that it ?will not hesitate to
fight back? if the White House imposes
further levies.
Gao Feng, a spokesman for the Chinese commerce ministry, yesterday
poured cold water on the prospect of
negotiations between the two nations.
?It is not a matter of whether China is
Canada ?won?t face US tariffs?
There is ?no way? the White House
will extend steep tariffs on American
imports of steel and aluminium to
include countries such as Britain
and Canada, Justin Trudeau has
been assured (Callum Jones writes).
The Canadian prime minister said
he had been told by senior political
and business leaders in the United
States that the voters who elected
President Trump would be hit
hardest if temporary exemptions to
the duties are lifted next month. The
US imposed levies of 25 per cent on
imports of steel and 10 per cent on
aluminium last month, but Canada,
the EU and Mexico were among
those shielded until May 1.
Mr Trudeau told The Times that
Canada was confident its exemption
will be extended as it renegotiates
the North American Free Trade
Agreement with the US and Mexico.
?We take seriously the deadlines
and the positioning of the American
administration, but we are confident
that the Canadian exemption to
steel and aluminium tariffs is
secure,? he said.
willing to participate in the negotiations,? he said. ?It is about the US not
showing sincerity at all.?
Mr Trump welcomed a pledge by
President Xi to lower China?s import
duties on cars earlier this week. However, Mr Gao insisted the remarks were
not a concession to Washington. ?I
hope some people in the US do not
misjudge the situation,? he said.
Amid concern that the dispute
between the White House and Beijing
could spiral into a global trade war, Jack
Ma, the billionaire Chinese entrepreneur, said yesterday that he was
?struggling to understand? how such a
conflict would help the US economy.
Mr Ma, who founded Alibaba, the
$450 billion Chinese ecommerce
company listed on the New York Stock
Exchange, wrote in The Wall Street
Journal that America is ?doing well,
regardless of the trade deficit? it has
with China.
It was ?ironic that the US administration is waging a trade war at a time
when the largest potential consumer
market in the world is open for
business,? he said. ?Instigating a trade
war is the wrong solution because it will
only provoke retaliation. [It] will hurt
millions of American small businesses
and farmers.?
the times | Friday April 13 2018
39
1G M
Business
SIMON DAWSON/BLOOMBERG VIA GETTY IMAGES
IAG bid must be on
regulators? radar
business commentary Alistair Osborne
S
fighter pilot during the Cold War, has been fearless in taking on the big boys with Norwegian, his budget long-haul airline
Facebook fans ?not deterred by scandal?
Philip Aldrick Economics Editor
Facebook has seen no impact on
consumer behaviour since the social
network?s data privacy scandal broke
four weeks ago and said it does not
expect revenues to be affected.
Carolyn Everson, vice-president of
global marketing solutions, said there
was little evidence people were changing their privacy settings after 87 million users had their personal information unwittingly harvested for advertisers working on Donald Trump?s
presidential election campaign.
She added that the company did not
believe a regulatory backlash would
have an impact on the business either.
Mark Zuckerberg, 33, the founder of
the $484 billion technology company,
this week gave nine hours of testimony
before Congress, in which he said that
Facebook had no plans to change its
business model. He accepted that regulation might be needed but said ?you
have to be careful what regulations?,
arguing that red tape stifled start-ups
more than it did big business.
Speaking at the Wall Street Journal
CEO Council in London yesterday, Ms
Everson claimed that the company had
been a victim of a breach of its data
rules by a Cambridge professor who
harvested Facebook data and sold it to
Cambridge Analytica, a ?psychographic? marketing company.
She insisted that there had been no
financial fallout, despite the reputational damage that has hammered
Facebook?s share price and spawned
campaigns such as #DeleteFacebook.
?We are not seeing a surge in any
change in consumer behaviour,? she
said. ?People are going in and checking
it [their settings] out for sure but we are
not seeing wild changes in behaviour
and people saying ?I?m not sharing data
with Facebook any more.? We?re not
seeing anything significant.?
Profits may take a hit as the company
increases enforcement staff, who remove inappropriate content, to 20,000
people this year. However, Ms Everson
said she does not expect sales to suffer.
?The investments Mark has indicated we are making ? in people, in
additional AI support ? all of that is
definitely going to add cost to the
business. But we are not anticipating
major changes in our overall revenue
and business model,? she said.
Asked if the company was forecasting sales effect from regulation, she said
?not at this point?. She added: ?We are
an incredibly self-critical and a very
humble company.?
Call for crackdown on Russian money
Philip Aldrick Economics Editor
The former head of MI6 has urged the
government to crack down on Russian
money laundering in the UK after the
Salisbury chemical attack.
Sir John Sawers, who is now chairman of Macro Advisory Partners and
sits on the board of BP, said any Russian
money moved through companies in
the UK should be subject to far higher
levels of scrutiny.
London has been called the money
laundering capital of the world and the
National Crime Agency estimates that
� billion of illicit funds are moved
through UK financial markets, shell
companies and property every year.
Britain has been accused of turning a
blind eye to Russian abuse so as not to
deter the inflow of foreign cash. An estimated 450 Russian multimillionaires
are in Britain. A 2015 Deutsche Bank
report said much of the � billion of
?hidden capital inflows? to the UK since
2006 had been ?from Russia with love?.
Theresa May expelled Russian diplomats after the poisoning of Sergei Skripal and his daughter last month.
Sir John called on the government to
enforce existing rules to make it far
harder to move Russian money
through the UK, ?as a start?. He told the
Wall Street Journal CEO Council: ?The
rules and standards to all money flowing through London [should be] applied
more vigorously to all Russian money
coming in and out. That doesn?t mean
Russian money is unwelcome but the
status of where the money comes from,
was it gainfully acquired, what?s the
purpose of it [should be assessed].
?I think any European and British
company working with Russia or with
Russian clients is going to have to meet
higher standards than perhaps they?ve
got used to in the last ten years. And
frankly that?s not before time.?
pot the odd one out. Henrik
Ibsen, Hans Christian
Andersen, Roald Dahl ?
and Willie Walsh. Yes, what?s
the Irish boss of British
Airways? owner IAG ever done for
Norway? So it?s a bit of a cheek that
he doesn?t just want to be on the
tailfin of a Norwegian plane but buy
the low-fare airline.
He?s already got himself a 4.61 per
cent stake ? confirmation of which
emerged a whole ten minutes after
Bloomberg broke the story. It was
news to Norwegian, too, given IAG
hadn?t even approached the group.
No, as IAG put it: ?The minority
investment is intended to establish a
position from which to initiate
discussions with Norwegian.?
It?s no bolt from the blue, either.
IAG has long been touted as a
possible bidder. But it?s still pretty
dispiriting. Norwegian is the plucky
upstart, the carrier expanding at a
stratospheric clip run by the
?Freddie Laker of the fjords?: cofounder Bjorn Kjos. He spotted that
Boeing?s fuel-saving 787 Dreamliner
was just the plane for low-fare longhaul flights, starting with Gatwick to
New York at �9 one-way ? a far
cry from BA?s �000 business-class
returns from Heathrow.
Hence the tailfins. They celebrate
people ?who have pushed the
boundaries?, also including Freddie
Mercury, Greta Garbo and Bobby
Moore. And now along comes Mr
Walsh with a plan to keep
Norwegian?s horizons constrained
under IAG?s corporate umbrella: a
�.6 billion group housing BA,
Iberia, Aer Lingus, Vueling and
what?s left of Bmi. It involves what
looks a cynical trade-off, too, typical
of airline deals: the difference
between what aviation consultant
Chris Tarry calls an airline?s
?trading? and ?strategic? value.
Mr Walsh has pounced at an
opportune time, with the price of
Mr Kjos?s ambition clear from the
latest results. He?s created a fleet of
almost 150 aircraft, plus orders for
161 more ? but one delivering
� million of full-year net losses.
Worse, there?s more than �billion
of net debt in the undercarriage.
Indeed, its finances drew the jibe
from Ryanair boss Michael O?Leary
? who had accused Norwegian of
nicking his pilots ? that it was
?scrabbling around daily? for cash.
Norwegian denied that but the
shares had halved from early 2016
levels, until IAG pushed them up 47
per cent yesterday, valuing the
group at �0 million. IAG?s slipped
just 1 per cent to 608.6p, suggesting
investors see the strategic value in
Mr Walsh paying �billion or so.
Just think what it would bring:
aircraft orders to replace BA?s ageing
fleet, spanning Dreamliners,
Airbus?s long-range 321LR and the
Boeing 737 Max jet; an instant lowfare long-haul service under the
Norwegian brand that would take
ages to build via IAG?s fledgling
Level carrier, itself an admission it
was too late into this market; the
biggest position at Gatwick,
alongside Easyjet, to go with its
dominance of Heathrow; and an
entry into new Nordic markets.
Moreover, it would take out a
pesky rival. And Mr Walsh could
shelve passenger-friendly services to
Buenos Aires, say, and use
Norwegian planes on other routes.
Rival carriers may now join the bid
fray ?Air France KLM, say, or even
Ryanair. But it?s not obvious that
IAG ownership would be in
consumers? interests.
If Mr Walsh fancies himself as the
new face of Norwegian, regulators
should take a long, hard look.
Taxi for O?Toole?
A
?preliminary?, ?highly
conditional?, ?indicative?
proposal that?s ?opportunistic
in nature? and ?fundamentally
undervalues the company?. And so
what? It?s in cash. Anything must be
better than allowing First Group?s
intrepid crew, under chief executive
Tim O?Toole, to wreck any more of
the group?s value (report, page 45).
He?s been at it since 2010, when
shares in the bus and rail group
topped � drawing an average
�2 million a year for turning the
share price chart into the equivalent
of a red run at Val D?Is鑢e. So, it?s a
bit rich Mr O?Toole telling people
what constitutes value in a bid
approach from private equity outfit
Apollo. Even the timing of First?s
statement raises questions. The
shares, up 8 per cent to 110.1p
yesterday, jumped 7 per cent on
Wednesday ? and are up from sub80p in two weeks.
No doubt the Takeover Panel will
look into who knew what when.
And at least Apollo has rescued
investors from a share price below
the 85p of 2013?s �5 million rights
issue. Still, you wonder if it knows
what it?s letting itself in for ? and
not just because of Jeremy Corbyn?s
plans to nationalise the railways and
give free bus travel to the under-25s.
First Group, last night valued at
�3 billion, has �6 billion net debt,
a �8 million pension deficit and
two rail franchises in Transpennine
and South Western won with top of
the market bids. Indeed, Mr O?Toole
should welcome a cash bid. He
needs a dignified way to disembark.
Failing the test
N
ot every wannabe public
company boss can boast of
coughing up $35,000 to settle
a US Securities and Exchange
Commission civil fraud probe. So
you?d think Vincent Steckler, the
Avast chief, might have mentioned
it in the intention to float
announcement (report, page 42).
Not only that. The cybersecurity
group might also have made it clear
that it didn?t just plan to raise
$200 million via a primary offer ?
but a further $800 million via a
secondary one, so the Czech
founders, private equity outfit CVC
and the management could cash in
part of their stakes. Mr Steckler,
who owns more than 5 per cent of
Avast, deserves a second chance
over an SEC run-in settled in 2005
with no admission of wrongdoing.
But he and the mere eight financial
advisers on a float seeking a
$4 billion valuation need to be extra
transparent. They failed yesterday.
alistair.osborne@thetimes.co.uk
40
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Friday April 13 2018 | the times
Business
are
High street lenders rein in credit Families
saving less
they have
supply after Bank debt warnings than
for a decade
DYLAN NEWS IMAGES/ALAMY
Tom Knowles Economics Correspondent
Philip Aldrick Economics Editor
High street banks and building
societies have curbed the supply of
credit to consumers by more over the
past three months than at any time
since records began in 2007, according
to the Bank of England.
Years of rising growth in unsecured
lending to British households has come
to a sharp halt after lenders reacted to
warnings from the Bank that the rising
debt level among consumers was a
danger to financial stability.
The Bank?s latest survey of credit
conditions among retail banks shows
that a net balance of 38.7 per cent of lenders said they had made unsecured
credit less available over the past three
months, rather than more. The balance
has never been lower, with the second
lowest score being in the final quarter of
2008 at the height of the financial crisis.
Unsecured credit includes personal
loans, overdrafts, car finance schemes
British households tucked away less in
savings last year than at any point in the
past decade as they tried to insulate
themselves from the squeeze on living
standards.
The Office for National Statistics
said that gross savings fell by 69 per
cent between 2016 and 2017 to �6 billion on a cash basis, the lowest amount
since 2008. This is the ONS?s preferred
measure because it excludes items such
as imputed rental values that are important when measuring economic activity but are ?not directly observed? by
households.
The cash-based savings ratio, which
is measured against income, dropped to
0.9 per cent, the lowest since 2008,
when it stood at 0.2 per cent. It was
negative in the bubble years of 2004 to
2007 when households were spending
more than they earned. The drop in
savings was a function of households
spending �.5 billion more in 2017
than in 2016, the ONS said. In 2016,
they were saving �.6 billion.
It was the second year running that
the savings ratio declined, reflecting
two years in which high inflation eroded living standards. As the ONS has
previously disclosed, real household
disposable income per person fell in
2016 and 2017, on both the official and
cash basis measures.
On a cash basis, real household disposable incomes, which are adjusted
for inflation, shrank by 0.1 per cent in
2017, the first fall since 2011. This was
due to a 2.4 percentage point contribution from the impact of inflation and a
1.1 percentage point contribution from
the rise in taxes on income and wealth,
partially offset by a 2.8 percentage
point contribution from the rise in wages and salaries, the ONS said.
The figures were released as the ONS
revealed that the profitability of British
companies barely changed in the final
three months of last year.
The net rate of return, an international proxy for profits, dipped to 12.5
per cent for non-financial companies,
roughly in line with where it has been
for the past four years. Before 2014,
profitability was marginally lower.
Britain?s factories have experienced a
sharp increase in their profitability
since the Brexit vote in June 2016. The
rate of return for manufacturers was
15.8 per cent in the three months to
December, the second best performance in a decade. Factories were helped
by the fall in the pound, which made
their products cheaper overseas, and
strong global demand.
6 Crispin Odey, the hedge fund
manager, has made a large bet on a
sharp fall in the value of UK
government debt, amassing a short
position worth more than the entire
value of his fund. Mr Odey has a
short position against government
gilts that is now worth 154.8 per cent
of his main ?173 million European
fund. He has been building the
position in 30-year debt since late
2016. Investors dump gilts when they
are worried about the economy.
and credit card debt. The Bank previously warned that lenders had become
too complacent, prompting them to
restrict the flow of unsecured credit
and tighten their borrowing criteria.
Howard Archer, chief economic adviser to the EY Item Club, said the new
figures would be seen as ?largely reassuring news for the Bank of England?.
At the start of last year Britons were
racking up debt at the fastest rate in
more than 11 years and the Bank?s
Financial Policy Committee (FPC),
which oversees financial stability, grew
concerned that this could fuel another
debt bubble. One member described it
as a ?flashing light? for the economy.
The FPC believed some lenders were
too used to the ?relatively benign economic conditions? of low unemployment and record-low interest rates.
Studies found that much of the rise in
borrowing had been by those on higher
incomes using credit cards rather than
by those on the lowest incomes. However, regulators feared the availability
The popularity of car finance schemes helped drive years of growth in unsecured lending but credit is now being squeezed
Strong euro worrying European Central Bank
Europe?s central
bankers fretted for
years about saving the
single currency but now
the chief concern is the
euro?s growing strength,
minutes from their last
meeting showed (David
Charter writes).
The eurozone?s slow
recovery after the crisis
of 2008 has been
fuelled by years of ultralow interest rates and
the European Central
Bank?s ?2.3 trillion
bond-buying stimulus
programme.
Heads of the 19
member nation banks
spent much of the latest
ECB board meeting
talking about the euro?s
recent rise against the
dollar as they debated
whether to end the
three-year stimulus this
autumn. In the end all
they decided to do was
remove some wording
that stated they were
ready to increase bondbuying levels at any
time, a signal the winddown was on track.
The ECB has long said
it will continue the bond
purchase programme
until at least September
but the question is
whether ending it then
will send the euro ever
higher against a dollar
under threat from the
rising US deficit and
unpredictable
presidential actions.
The recently stronger
euro, which could
hinder exports, was
mentioned throughout
the minutes from the
meeting on March 8.
Sterling soared to a
nine-month high
against the euro in
London yesterday with
a rise of 0.7 per cent to
?1.154 after the ECB
expressed concern
about the impact of a
trade war with the US.
The euro has risen
against the dollar from
$1.18 last year to $1.24 at
the time of the meeting.
of cheap money could store up debt
problems and that this could lead to
banks losing a total of � billion if
there was a sudden rise in defaults on
credit cards and personal loans due to
unemployment or an interest rate rise.
Since then the FPC has told high
street banks to find an extra � billion
to shore up their balance sheets as a defence against spiralling consumer debt.
This is on top of an extra �.4 billion of
capital that British banks have to find
within the year to protect themselves
against a sudden economic downturn.
There have also been other signs that
banks are becoming less relaxed about
credit access. The average period for 0
per cent interest-free balance transfers
on credit cards has fallen to 27 months
since its peak in March 2017, while the
maximum period has to fallen about 36
months. Banks were also reported to
have tightened lending standards for
granting consumer loan applications in
the first quarter of this year, a fifth successive quarter of tightening standards.
Going digital could recover �5bn tax Brexit deal lifts confidence
Philip Aldrick
Britain could recover as much as
�5 billion of unpaid taxes every year by
digitising government, according to the
International Monetary Fund.
Big data can be used to identify fraud
by importers at the border and track
down wealth sheltered offshore, the
world?s economic watchdog said. On a
conservative estimate, it claimed that
digital tools could recover about 0.75
per cent of GDP a year, equivalent to
�5 billion, almost the same as raising
income tax by 2p in the pound.
The amount would close the � billion ?tax gap? ? the difference between
what the government estimates should
be collected and what is collected ? by
more than a fifth. Potential gains for
low income countries are even greater,
at up to 2 per cent of GDP a year.
Trade fraud is estimated to cost
?45-?60 billion a year in lost tax for the
EU as ?traders under-report the value
of goods to avoid tariffs? and evade
VAT. The UK has improved its use of
big data and monitoring of digital
transactions to control the border after
sharp criticism from the EU.
Last month Britain was fined ?2 billion by the EU?s anti-fraud office for
failing to crack down on criminal gangs
using fake invoices and making false
claims about the value of clothes and
shoes imported from China.
Analysis in the IMF?s Fiscal Monitor,
published ahead of next week?s spring
meeting of its 189 members, suggested
that global offshore wealth totalled
$7.6 trillion, or about 10 per cent of
world GDP. ?Digitalisation could also
help governments track down taxes on
wealth sheltered in offshore financial
centres,? the report states. By using
digital tools to monitor transactions,
governments could crack down on ?tax
evasion associated with international
trade and income and wealth sheltered
in low-tax jurisdictions?.
Digital government, as already being
pioneered in some countries, could also
simplify tax and benefit payments.
There are risks. Cryptocurrencies
can be used to dodge taxes and greater
digitisation exposes governments to
the threat of cyberattacks.
Tom Knowles
Business leaders? confidence in the economy has returned to positive territory
for the first time in almost a year after a
Brexit transition deal with Brussels was
agreed last month.
The Institute of Directors said a poll
of 700 company directors found that
optimism about the economy came in
higher than at any time since Theresa
May triggered Article 50 last year.
In addition, for the first time since
withdrawal negotiations began, the
UK?s uncertain trading status with the
European Union has fallen out of the
top three concerns of business leaders.
Economic conditions, skills shortages
and compliance with government
regulation now occupy the top spots.
This echoes similar findings from a
quarterly survey of finance directors by
the accountants Deloitte, which found
that Brexit has dropped from the top of
business leaders? biggest fears for the
first time since the referendum.
Business confidence was boosted by
the transition deal agreed last month
that will give companies until the start
of 2021 to prepare for life outside the
EU, meaning that many businesses can
operate as normal for 21 months beyond the Brexit date of next March 29.
Tej Parikh, senior economist at the
Institute of Directors, said: ?It seems
likely meaningful progress in Brexit negotiations since December has brought
some much needed reassurance.?
the times | Friday April 13 2018
41
1G M
Comment Business
Sathnam Sanghera
Raphael Hogarth
Visit the Irish border
and you see why we
must keep EU tariffs
Migrant communities have proved
Enoch, the prophet of doom, wrong
??
Was Enoch Powell
right? It?s a
question that has
overshadowed
British politics since
he made his ?rivers of blood? speech
in Birmingham in 1968. It?s a question
people are asking all over again as the
foreboding address reaches its 50th
anniversary next week, although I
realise it?s not probably a question
that you?d expect to be posed in a
business column.
However, as the son of Indian
immigrants who arrived in town
around the same time that the
Wolverhampton MP made the
speech, and having studied it
while writing a novel and making a
documentary for BBC Radio 4 about
it, I?ve long felt you can answer the
question only if you understand the
economic and business context.
Which involved what? Well, Powell
launched what he described himself
as a ?fizzing rocket? at a time when
his constituency was renowned as one
of the first British towns to experience
mass immigration from the
subcontinent, and an employment
dispute involving Sikh bus drivers was
raging in the town.
If you want to understand why
Powell was wrong, you need to follow
what ultimately happened when a
23-year-old Tarsem Singh Sandhu
turned up for work one day in the
summer of 1967 sporting a turban
and beard as a mark of his faith.
As this infringed uniform
regulations, Sandhu was sent home
and, along with other cases in
Manchester and London, his situation
became a rallying point for Sikhs who
believed that as they had fought for
Britain in two world wars sporting the
turban, they should be allowed to
wear an article of faith while plugging
labour shortages. The whole thing
escalated in Wolverhampton in a
surreal way that no one could
have predicted.
Some 5,000 to 6,000 Sikhs
turned up from around the
country to march in
protest. When officials
from the Transport
Committee refused to
budge, a Sikh activist
from Kenya threatened
Enoch Powell misjudged
Britain?s ability to accept
a multi-ethnic society
to set fire to himself unless they
changed their minds. There was a
protest march involving tens of
thousands in Delhi. The Indian
government proffered grave warnings,
as did British government ministers.
In response, a local hairdresser
called Billy Wilson, feeling that
Wolverhampton?s way of life was
under threat from immigrant
communities that at the time made
up about a 20th of the town?s
population, threatened to set fire to
himself if the rule was changed. Then,
in the middle of it all, Powell made his
notorious speech, which cited the
dispute as an example of what could
go wrong with immigration.
Quoting a Labour MP who had
said that ?the Sikh communities?
campaign to maintain customs
inappropriate in Britain? could ?lead
to a dangerous fragmentation within
society?, Powell said: ?We are seeing
the growth of positive forces acting
against integration . . . with a view to
the exercise of actual domination,
first over fellow immigrants and then
over the rest of the population.?
Reading this, I am reminded why
The Times instantly condemned it as
?an evil speech?. Powell generalised
from anonymous anecdotes about
immigrants. As Roy Jenkins, who
later set up the Social Democratic
Party, remarked at the time, it was the
?dreadful kind of propaganda? of the
sort used by the Nazis against the
Jews in the 1930s. Powell used racially
incendiary language, not only in his
classical allusion but in talk of ?the
black man? having ?the whip hand
over the white man? and race
relations legislation risking throwing
a ?match on to gunpowder?. He left
unacknowledged the possibility that
immigrants could become British or
that people like my family helped to
rebuild the economy after the war.
What strikes me most when
re-reading this passage and his
other remarks, however, is his
disingenuousness. I don?t think
Powell was half as exercised
about the bus drivers? dispute as
he was about challenging the
authority of Ted Heath in
his party, but then so many
involved in the turban
dispute were being
disingenuous. Some of
the Sikh activists had
little interest in the
position of Sikhs in
Britain, the majority of whom didn?t
even wear turbans; they were using it
to enhance their political position in
India. The Transport Committee was
fighting to defend a rule that was
rarely enforced anyway. Wilson, who
now says he is a ?multiculturalist?,
probably had no intention of setting
fire to himself.
Then there was Sandhu, whom I
met in his large home in
Wolverhampton for the documentary.
He has done well in business, like
many Punjabi Sikhs. I was surprised
to learn from him that he had been
persuaded to embark on his battle,
which he won when the Transport
Committee reluctantly changed the
rule, by his political father. I was even
more surprised to hear him describe
Powell as a ?friend? because he had
helped to bring relatives of his over
from India. Indeed, Sandhu told me
that he has been a member of the
Conservative Party for a large part of
his life, which was a bit like
discovering Liam Gallagher at a Noel
Gallagher gig, and brings me to why
Powell was demonstrably wrong.
Powell specifically used the Punjabi
Sikhs in Wolverhampton to illustrate
his argument that immigration would
destroy Britain, and this plainly hasn?t
been the case. Despite the occasional
turban, we are integrated. So much so
that very many, in my experience,
voted for Leave and some like Sandhu
even endorse Powell.
The Wolverhampton of 2018 is
proof that Powell was wrong. The
children of its immigrant population,
from the gold medallist Tessa
Sanderson and the singer Beverley
Knight to certain Times writers you
may know, are as British as rain.
Moreover, if you walk a short distance
from the hall where Powell justified
plans for a ministry of repatriation in
1969, you will get to the Jaguar Land
Rover engine factory.
It is owned by Tata, a bunch of
Indians who, rather than causing a
?dangerous
fragmentation
within society?, are
creating wealth and
employment.
??
The Turban Bus Dispute is on BBC
Radio 4 on Monday at 8pm
Sathnam Sanghera is a journalist
and author. Follow him on Twitter
@Sathnam
T
wo weeks ago I stood, for
the first time, on the border
between Northern Ireland
and the Republic. I began
my trip to Ireland
cautiously optimistic that Brexit
negotiators could dream up a
solution to the border problem, on
which talks remain deadlocked. I
came home a pessimist.
Most borders separate two
countries but this border also
divides one. In Jonesborough, South
Armagh, I had a church to my right
in the north and its churchyard to
my left in the south. I could see
houses with back doors in the UK
and front doors in the Republic. In
Co Fermanagh I saw cattle roaming
fields that are criss-crossed by the
border many times without trace. I
spoke to farmers in the north who
get their straw from the south,
Public priorities on the Irish border
UK should have its own trade policy
58%
There should be a soft border
28%
Don?t know
15%
Source: Polling for
Institute for Public
Policy Research
by Opinium
creameries in the south that get
their milk from the north and
people all over who don?t know
where they get what because the
border is, simply, invisible. Anyone
trying to stop goods from flowing
across this frontier will fail. We do
not need to speculate about this; it
has already happened. Before the
creation of the single market in
1992, there was an economic border,
with customs posts for checks and
charges. This was an enforcement
disaster, for two reasons.
First, people circumvented it.
When the authorities tried to force
traders to travel via approved points
by sticking spikes into the back
roads, locals built bypasses to get
round them, bulldozed the
roadblocks or crossed the border
in open fields. The common
agricultural policy led to different
prices and taxes in north and south,
so smuggling was rife. Farmers near
the border told me that they will
happily smuggle again if Brexit gives
them an incentive to do so.
Second, the border was a target
for attack. Browse through old
newspaper reports about the Killeen
customs post on the main road from
Belfast to Dublin and you will find a
dismal pattern: explosions at
customs station, bombs at customs
station, shootings at customs
station. It is not that reintroducing
checks would herald a full-blown
return to the Troubles, but when
locals say that they would tear down
new infrastructure, I believe them.
And when the Northern Irish police
claim that dissident Republicans
would terrorise that infrastructure,
I believe them too.
The government has nominally
accepted all this but the public
have not. According to a new poll,
twice as many Britons want an
independent trade policy as want to
keep a soft border in Ireland. The
two are not compatible: if Northern
Ireland and the Republic allow
different goods into their markets or
charge different tariffs, they need to
surveil at least some traders at the
border to stop smuggling and duty
dodging. Stopping this requires
infrastructure, and that will always
be avoidable or a target for terror.
Ministers claim that they can
make the border invisible. I cannot
find anyone in business, the freight
industry or the customs directorates
of other countries who thinks that
this is anything more than an
aspiration. Brexiteers talk about
technological solutions but the
workhorses of ?smart? borders are
cameras equipped with automatic
numberplate recognition. The
British and Irish governments
have already ruled out more
cameras, fearing that each new
piece of kit would be smashed up
before the installation team reached
the next crossing.
Negotiators face a three-way
choice. They can have a hard border
with infrastructure that works badly;
they can have a soft border without
infrastructure, which would barely
work at all; or they can accept that
at least Northern Ireland, and
possibly the UK, will keep applying
the European Union?s tariffs and
many of its rules after Brexit,
eliminating the need to change the
border much at all. This is where
we will end up, because it must be.
Raphael Hogarth is a leader writer at
The Times
Grand National guide
Read our ultimate 12-page guide to Britain?s favourite horse race.
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42
1G M
Friday April 13 2018 | the times
Business
Avast plans $4bn London listing to win cyberwar
Miles Costello
A cybersecurity software group whose
chief executive was fined in the US for
allegedly aiding and abetting an accounting fraud is preparing to list on the
stock market in one Britain?s biggest
technology floats.
Avast, which provides security software to hundreds of millions of PC and
mobile phone users worldwide, including 14 million in Britain, is aiming for a
$4 billion flotation on the London
market that should complete by the end
of next month.
Based in the Czech Republic, Avast
was founded in 1988, initially as a co-
operative, by two researchers who
developed security software after their
institute was the victim of a cyberattack. They eventually signed a licensing deal with McAfee, the American
group, and today the company has
435 million users worldwide, about
90 per cent of whom are individuals.
Avast operates a ?freemium? model
under which customers can download
its software and pay only for additional
services and product features. Last year
it made adjusted pre-tax profits of
$451 million on revenues from billing
subscription payers of $811 million.
Its chief executive since 2009 has
been Vincent Steckler, a former senior
vice-president of worldwide sales at
Symantec, the cybersecurity specialist.
In 1999, while in a previous job as a
sales executive at Logicon, Mr Steckler
was accused by the US Securities and
$451m
Avast?s pre-tax profits last year
Exchange Commission of helping to
facilitate a $7 million account fraud by
one of its suppliers, Legato, that enabled it to inflate its revenues. Logicon,
at the time part of Northrop Grumman,
a security firm, sold computer hardware and software primarily to the US
government. After a lengthy investigation Mr Steckler agreed to pay a
$35,000 civil penalty, while not admitting any wrongdoing, and was later
served with a ?cease and desist? order
by the SEC, ordering him not to violate
federal securities laws.
Sources familiar with the matter said
that Mr Steckler would be fully
transparent with all potential buyers of
Avast shares about the penalty and that
details would be disclosed in the listing
prospectus.
Avast tried unsuccessfully to float in
New York in 2012, since when it has
grown substantially, including through
the $1.3 billion acquisition of its Dutch
rival AVG nearly two years ago.
Informing the stock market of its plan
to float yesterday, Avast said it would
raise $200 million from issuing new
shares. It will raise a further $800 mil-
lion from a secondary sale of shares by
existing shareholders to make a total of
$1 billion, according to sources. Based
on a free float of freely tradable shares
of 25 per cent, Avast is expected to be
worth about $4 billion, the largest tech
market IPO since Autonomy, the
British software company bought by
Hewlett-Packard in 2011.
The sellers include the founders,
Eduard Kucera and Pavel Baudis, who
own 46 per cent; the private equity
investors CVC and Summit Partners,
who own a collective 36 per cent; and
the board, management and staff, who
own the remaining 18 per cent.
Mr Steckler, an American, is a shareholder and will be offloading some of
his holding, in part because the listing
will leave him facing a substantial tax
bill in the US. Morgan Stanley and UBS
have been named as the joint global
co-ordinators, joint bookrunners and
joint sponsors of the listing.
CITY
PEOPLE
The feuds, the faces and the farcical
Tune in and
chill out.
From boutique to big name events, discover your perfect
Summer experience in our music festival special.
Pick up your copy of The Sunday Times this weekend.
Dominic Walsh @walshdominic
Business big shot
name matt
davies
age 46
position
chairman,
hobbycraft
A
?rising star? in the
retail industry has
been made chairman
of Hobbycraft, months
after it was announced
that he would step down from the
board at Tesco after its merger
with Booker, the wholesale
business.
Matt Davies, who since 2015
has led Tesco?s UK and Ireland
business, was appointed as
chairman of the arts and crafts
retailer yesterday. Archie
Norman, the current
plenty of entertainment
with big hitters on board
Sir David Michels?s latest
directorship is not his usual gig.
He?s become deputy chairman of
Reach4entertainment Enterprises,
a media and entertainment
marketing outfit with a market
value of � million. A comedown,
surely, for the former Hilton
Group chief executive, below,
whose CV includes spells as deputy
chairman of Marks & Spencer,
Easyjet and British Land. Except
that the chairman of R4E is Lord
Grade of Yarmouth. The addition
of Sir David, who owns 6.7 million
shares, suggests a company with
ambitions to match its increasingly
heavyweight board.
expensive search
As the Financial Conduct
Authority must surely know,
greedy businesses will do anything
to make a quick buck. However,
yesterday Money Saving Expert
issued a warning telling its
subscribers not to follow the
FCA?s advice for making a PPI
claim, of typing ?FCA PPI?
into an internet search
engine. As MSE
points out, doing so
is likely to end up
with a claimant
Hobbycraft chairman who is
leaving next month after more
than four years in the role, said
that Mr Davies?s experience at
some of Britain?s best known
brands would have a ?great
impact? on the company.
Before joining Tesco, Mr
Davies was chief executive of
Halfords, which had issued nine
profit warnings in the two years
before his arrival. Between 2012
and 2015 he led a transformation
programme that helped to restore
sustainable growth.
The biking enthusiast and
former accountant first made a
name for himself as a 33-year-old
chief executive at Pets at Home,
which he led through a period of
stellar growth between 2004 and
2012. In his eight years at the
company, the chain more than
doubled in size to become
Britain?s biggest pet retailer.
being directed towards the website
of a claims handling firm, which
could charge them more than a
third of any eventual payout.
no let-up for bookies
If the gambling industry was
hoping for a less draconian hand
on the tiller of the industry
watchdog, it will have been
disappointed. The Gambling
Commission yesterday appointed
Neil McArthur as chief executive.
A solicitor with an MA in
criminology, he has been its
general counsel since 2006 and
became interim chief executive
after Sarah Harrison left in
February. Ms Harrison took a
tough line on operators and her
successor said they should expect
him to be ?tough but fair?.
closing headline
It is exit stage left for Alan
Clements, the Scottish TV
executive. Mr Clements (aka
Mr Kirsty Wark) is leaving as
head of STV Productions in
May after a decade at the
broadcaster. The ?amicable?
split comes as Simon Pitts,
who joined STV as chief
executive in January,
finalises a wide ranging
strategic review.
the times | Friday April 13 2018
43
1G M
Business
ZOE MCCONNELL/QUIZ
Dunelm lifts
high street
retail gloom
Top marks
for Quiz
thanks to
web sales
S
trong growth
from the online
division helped
to boost revenue
at Quiz, the fashion
retailer, by 30 per cent
(Greig Cameron
writes).
Quiz said there had
been improvements at
its international arm
as well as its UK store
estate and
concessions. The
company listed on
Aim in July to raise
over �0 million as it
squares up to other
expanding value
brands such as
Boohoo.com. It was
founded in 1993 as one
shop in Glasgow by
Tarak Ramzan, its
chief executive.
Quiz said yesterday
in a trading statement
that revenue for the
12 months to the end
of March would be
�6.4 million, up from
�.8 million in the
previous 12 months.
There was a 158 per
cent rise in online
sales to �.6 million.
Sheraz Ramzan, the
Miles Costello
chief commercial
officer and Tarak?s
son, said the bulk of
the improvement
came from UK
customers and he
highlighted the
success of new ranges
such as bridalwear.
Quiz is to launch a
dedicated website for
the US this month and
international online
sales are expected to
rise. Its international
division, which
includes stores in
Spain and concessions
in the Middle East,
reported a 32 per cent
rise to �.2 million in
revenue. UK stores
and concessions? sales
were up 12 per cent to
�.6 million.
It?s the only way, says Carpetright
boss as 92 stores are set to close
Gurpreet Narwan
The boss of Carpetright says he is
?confident and bullish? about his plans
to revive the ailing business after announcing plans to close 92 shops and
reduce rents at another 133 through a
company voluntary arrangement.
Wilf Walsh, who became chief
executive of Britain?s biggest flooring
retailer in 2014, sought to calm
investors? nerves after announcing the
strategy, which will involve closing 81
?poorly located? outlets and shutting a
further 11 ?dark stores? which are not
trading at present.
Mr Walsh said it was largely ?business as normal? for the company, which
has issued three profit warnings in the
past four months, as he also detailed
plans to raise � million of equity from
investors to strengthen its finances.
About 300 jobs, including some head
office roles, are at risk at Carpetright,
which employs almost 2,700 staff.
Shares in the company, which have lost
85 per cent of their value in the past
year, dropped more than 8 per cent to
close at 38.55p.
The retailer was founded as a single
shop in east London 30 years ago by
Philip Harris, now Lord Harris of Peckham, who stepped down as chairman in
2014. Its recent performance has been
troubled as consumers cut back on
their spending. It has suffered intense
competition from rivals such as Tapi,
which was started by Martin Harris,
Lord Harris?s son, and opened dozens of
stores on Carpetright?s doorstep.
Carpetright, which trades in 409
shops across the UK as well as outlets
abroad, said that it would seek creditor
approval at a meeting on April 26 for
the company voluntary arrangement
(CVA), a form of insolvency that allows
it to shed unprofitable stores and agree
rent reductions with landlords. It will
then seek the backing of shareholders
at a meeting on April 30.
According to Canaccord Genuity,
the broker, Carpetright has an annual
rent bill of about � million and the
average lease length as of last April was
five and a half years. A large rent bill
alongside rising business rates and
wages has made trading difficult.
300
Jobs at risk across Carpetright
?These tough but necessary actions
will enable us to address the burden of
a legacy UK property estate consisting
of too many poorly located stores on
unsustainable rents, and are essential if
we are to restore our profitability and
deliver a successful turnaround,? Mr
Walsh said. ?We can?t keep kicking the
can down the road, we need to fix it.
Completion of the CVA and equity financing will enable us to establish an
appropriately sized estate of modernised stores on economic rents, complemented with a compelling online offer.?
The company also expects to raise
the � million through a placing and
open offer. Mr Walsh said the money
will help reduce its debt, cover the cost
of the CVA and fund its transformation
strategy, which includes investing in its
digital offer and refreshing its stores.
The details of the CVA came as it revealed a ?technical breach? of its banking arrangements, but the group said it
was taking action to address this and
ensure that it is amended for the future.
In March the retailer sealed a deal
with one of its largest shareholders,
Meditor Capital Management, to
provide working capital of �.5 million
via a short-term loan to ease pressure at
a time of volatile sales.
WH Smith profits slip after colouring craze fades
Gurpreet Narwan
WH Smith was unable to shake off the
gloom gripping the high street as it
posted a fall in profits, despite a solid
performance at its travel business.
The stationery retailer reported a
1.2 per cent dip in pre-tax profits to
� million in the six months to February 28 after a challenging Christmas, in
which its books section was hit by a lack
of ?new publishing trends?.
Founded in 1792 as a news vendor,
WH Smith has grown to become one of
the most recognisable shops on the
high street. It has 1,442 stores that sell
everything from magazines and books
to stationery and office furniture.
In recent years the company has
been investing in its travel division,
which is made up of 839 smaller stores,
mainly in airports, railway stations,
motorway service areas, hospitals and
workplaces. These outlets, which offer
a narrower range, have been
outperforming its traditional high
street stores. Last year, the company
generated higher sales from its travel
shops than from high-street stores for
the first time.
The travel business defied an industry-wide decline in the retail sector,
which has been hit by falling consumer
confidence and rising inflation, to post
a 3 per cent rise in like-for-like sales.
This was not enough, however, to offset
the 4 per cent fall in high-street sales.
The company?s travel division had a
5 per cent rise in profits to � million
while its high-street stores reported a
6 per cent fall in profits to � million.
Stephen Clarke, chief executive, said
the travel division was boosted by
?continued investment in our UK and
international businesses and ongoing
growth in passenger numbers?.
The company said there was ?no new
publishing trend this Christmas? to
replicate the popularity of colour
therapy titles and spoof humour books,
which have boosted the division over
the past couple of years.
Dunelm provided some much-needed
relief for the ravaged high street,
reporting rising revenues in its third
quarter and a surge in online sales.
Shares in the homeware retailer finished almost 9 per cent higher yesterday at 570p after the company reported
underlying sales revenues had grown
by 4.6 per cent during the 13 weeks to
the end of March.
Online sales rose by 35.7 per cent
during the period. Total Dunelm sales
rose 5.1 per cent year-on-year to
�8.2 million.
The retailer was founded as a market
stall selling curtains in 1979 and now
operates 172 stores, the vast majority of
which are out-of-town superstores. It
employs 10,000 people, sells about
30,000 product lines and last year
made a pre-tax profit of �9.3 million.
Retailers have faced a torrid time
against a backdrop of declining consumer confidence amid doubts about
Britain?s economic growth after the
Brexit vote. Rising inflation and falling
real wage growth have also put a
squeeze on household finances.
In a third quarter trading update
Dunelm said that although margins
had shrunk because of a one-off benefit
of price rises during the same period
last year, they would ?improve significantly? during the next three months as
it shook off the impact of heavy end-ofseason sales at the tail end of last year.
Mothercare
chief takes
first steps
Gurpreet Narwan
Mothercare?s new chief executive has
pledged to put the company back on a
?sound financial footing? after reporting a decline in quarterly sales.
David Wood, a former Kmart executive who joined this month after Mark
Newton-Jones stepped down abruptly,
said that the company was ?continuing
to make good progress? despite likefor-like sales dropping 2.8 per cent in
the UK and 3.7 per cent overseas in the
12 weeks to March 24.
He said that the UK results were a
vast improvement on the 7.2 per cent
decline in sales it experienced in the
previous quarter. Online sales rose
2.1 per cent and represented nearly half
of UK sales in the quarter.
The mother and baby goods retailer,
which opened its first store in Surrey in
1961, has about 1,300 stores in more
than 50 countries, including about 140
in Britain. Trading has been volatile in
recent years and it is one of several high
street chains struggling with expensive
leases, rising costs and competition
from cheaper online retailers.
After a string of profit warnings this
year, the company began talks with lenders to renegotiate the terms of its loan
facilities before May 17, when its fullyear results are due. It has said that its
lenders had agreed to defer the testing
of its financial covenants and that talks
were ?progressing constructively?.
Mr Wood said that ?we continue to
make good progress in reducing the size
of our UK store estate in response to
changing consumer preferences?.
Investors responded cautiously, with
the shares edging up 0.12 per cent to 17p.
44
1G M
Friday April 13 2018 | the times
Business
ALAMY
EDF energy price rises will hit
more than 1 million households
Emily Gosden Energy Editor
EDF has become the latest major
energy supplier to raise its prices, announcing that 1.3 million households
will see their bills rise by between �
and � a year.
The supplier, part of the French
company that runs Britain?s nuclear
plants, blamed the increase primarily
on significant rises in policy costs and
the expense of installing smart meters.
Claire Perry, the energy minister,
said the move was ?disappointing? but
stopped short of calling it ?unjustified?,
the term she used to attack a much
steeper price rise announced by British
Gas on Tuesday.
EDF, which is one of Britain?s ?Big
Six? suppliers, has just over three million household customers. The price
rise means about 750,000 households
that pay EDF?s standard variable tariff
by direct debit will see their standing
charge rise by � a year from June 7,
increasing a typical annual dual-fuel
bill by 1.4 per cent to �158.
About 550,000 households that pay
by cash or cheque will also see a further
increase of �per fuel, which EDF said
would make their charges ?closer to the
real cost of serving these customers?.
The worst hit will be the 200,000 of
these customers that buy both fuels
from the company and pay by cash or
cheque ? resulting in their bills rising
2.3 per cent or � to �248 a year.
EDF?s announcement comes as ministers prepare to introduce a price cap
on standard tariffs, which Theresa May
has promised will end ?rip-off? bills.
British Gas announced on Tuesday
that it was increasing bills for four million households and that a ?typical?
household would see a � increase.
Britain?s biggest energy supplier later
admitted that this figure only applied to
customers paying by direct debit. Those
paying by other methods will see increases of up to �, analysis by
Uswitch, the price comparison website,
shows.
B閍trice Bigois, managing director of
customers at EDF, said: ?We know that
price rises are not welcome and we have
worked to offset rising energy and
policy charges by cutting our own costs.
However, these rising costs mean we
E X C L U S I V E R E WA R D S F O R S U B S C R I B E R S
will be increasing our standing charge
for electricity, affecting around 40 per
cent of our customers.
?Most of our customers, those on a
fixed tariff, or who have a direct debit
gas only account, a safeguard tariff or
prepayment meter, will be unaffected.?
EDF noted that energy costs, policy
costs and the cost of installing smart
meters had all increased significantly
but blamed the price rise specifically on
?some of the fixed costs associated with
supplying electricity?.
Claire Osborne, energy expert at
Uswitch said: ?Following a shock price
rise from British Gas, it is disheartening
to see EDF jump at the opportunity to
hike prices ? exactly a year after they
last announced an increase.
?While EDF may be playing down
the size of the increase, their standard
tariff is now one of the most expensive
on the market.?
Alex Neill, of the consumer group
Which? said: ?Before the energy price
cap comes into effect later this year,
customers still stuck on standard tariffs
should look to switch now as they could
potentially save up to �9 a year.?
Profits at
National
Grid blown
off course
Emily Gosden
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National Grid has warned
that it will take a �0 million hit to its profits this
year from the cost of fixing
storm damage in America.
The company?s networks in Massachusetts,
Rhode Island and New
York were hit by storms
Quinn, Riley and Skylar
last month, causing damage that required additional staffing and materials to
repair. The extra costs
would be recovered in
future periods but would
knock 3p off its post-tax
earnings per share this
year, it said.
National Grid, which
runs electricity and gas
networks in the UK and
the US, notified investors
of other changes to its
profits guidance, which
would offset the storm
costs to result in a net hit
to headline earnings of
� million and a net posttax benefit of 0.5p per
share. These included a net
�5 million benefit from
timing quirks in the way its
revenues are collected.
National Grid?s revenues
for its networks businesses
are set by regulators and
collected from consumers
through charges on energy
bills. When consumers use
more or less energy than
expected, this can result in
the company recovering
more or less money than
expected. This is then
rectified in future years.
National Grid said that it
also expected to benefit
from � million in financing gains and from a lower
tax rate.
Private view Burgh Island in south Devon, which boasts a grade II listed hotel
reached by sea tractor, has been sold to a private equity consortium led by Office
Space in Town, a company with an office rental portfolio worth �0 million
Packed with facilities, from dozens of restaurants to
an outdoor cinema, the Voyager of the Seas is as much
a feature of a cruise as the destinations it visits.
SUE BRYANT ? cruise editor, The Sunday Times
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the times | Friday April 13 2018
45
1G M
Business
Greene King boxes clever to ease worries
DAVE SHOPLAND/BPI/REX/SHUTTERSTOCK
Dominic Walsh
Investors in Greene King breathed a
sigh of relief yesterday after fears of
another profit alert proved wide of the
mark, sending shares of the brewer and
pub operator up nearly 14 per cent.
A comparatively positive full-year
trading update was less welcome for the
short-sellers who have been particularly active with Greene King over the past
year, leaving many with burnt fingers.
Among the hedge funds with the biggest short positions, where investors
are betting the shares will fall, are AQR
Capital Management, Blackrock, GLG
Partners and Marshall Wace.
Part of the bounce in the share price
was due to growing hopes that Greene
King will not have to follow Mitchells &
Butlers, which operates All Bar One
and Harvester pubs, in cutting or
scrapping the dividend. Although the
company did not give specific
assurances on the payout, it said: ?With
our high-quality portfolio of pubs,
excellent team, strong balance sheet
and sustainable dividend, we remain
well placed to withstand the external
market challenges and deliver longterm value to our shareholders.?
Greene King, which was founded in
1799 in Bury St Edmunds and has
40,000 employees, brews beers including Abbot Ale and Belhaven and operates 2,900 pubs, many of them under
brands including Hungry Horse, Farmhouse Inns and Chef & Brewer.
In common with the wider pub and
restaurant industry it has suffered from
a combination of soaring costs,
competition and fragile consumer
confidence, although it has also been
dragged down by poor trading at Fayre
& Square, the value meals chain that
came with the �4 million Spirit Pub
Company takeover in 2015.
Greene King confirmed that as part
of its efforts to turn around the performance of its managed pubs division,
which accounts for 1,760 of its pubs, it
would shortly complete its exit from the
Fayre & Square brand.
It revealed that like-for-like sales in
the managed division had fallen by
1.8 per cent in the 49 weeks to April 8,
compared with a decline of 1.4 per cent
after 37 weeks. While trading over
Easter had been strong, up 2.8 per cent
against the Easter weekend last year on
Newcomer?s
measure is
still a double
Dominic Walsh
Anthony Joshua?s heavyweight title fight was one of the sporting events that drew in customers over the Easter weekend
the back of strong sporting fixtures
including the Anthony Joshua world
title fight, the snow in March had
proved a negative with the wider pub
sector down 2 per cent, according to the
Coffer Peach Business Tracker.
The poor weather over the past 12
weeks had particularly hit its food-led
pubs and it said that, excluding the impact of the snow, the like-for-like fall in
the year to date would have been lower
at 1.2 per cent. Both drink and accommodation sales were ahead of last year.
The group said that the � million
investment made in the second half of
the year to cut its prices and improve
customer service and quality was
?starting to positively impact on
trading, despite the continued challenging market backdrop?.
Elsewhere, like-for-like net profits in
its 1,100 tenanted pub estate fell 0.3 per
cent this year, while own-brewed
volumes in its brewing and beer brands
business were down 0.7 per cent, in an
ale market that is down 3.1 per cent.
Greene King, which is trying to sell
its struggling chain of 31 Loch Fyne fish
restaurants, said that disposal proceeds
this year would be a higher-thanexpected �0 million, while it remained on track to deliver cost savings
of at least � million in the full year.
It said that it expected full-year profit
before tax and exceptionals to be in the
range of �0 million to �5 million, in
line with market consensus of about
�3 million.
Shares in Greene King, which had
been down more than a third over the
previous 12 months, were up 63p to
528p.
Its rivals may be tightening their
belts in the face of rising costs and
market uncertainty, but the City
Pub Group insisted it saw no
reason to rein in its ambitions.
The pub company, which floated
on Aim in November and has a
market value of � million, has
34 outlets trading and said that it
remained on target to almost
double its estate to about 65 pubs
by the middle of 2021.
Since flotation, it has acquired
or exchanged contracts on seven
pubs, including the Belle Vue in
Clapham, south London, and
freeholds in Reading and Cardiff.
It is opening an all-vegan hostelry
in Parsons Green in London.
In its maiden full-year results,
City Pub Group reported a 51 per
cent jump in underlying earnings
before one-offs to �1 million, with
adjusted pre-tax profits up 102 per
cent to �2 million. After listing
costs and other exceptionals it
made a loss of �0,000.
Revenues grew by 35 per cent to
�.4 million helped by the
opening of eight pubs, while its
focus on drink rather than food,
which accounts for about 30 per
cent of takings, also contributed.
Like-for-like sales rose by 3.8 per
cent, despite a hit from the snow,
while its dividend was 50 per cent
higher at 1.5p.
Clive Watson, its executive
chairman and co-founder,
described it as ?a pivotal year in
the evolution of the business? and
said the group would pursue its
ambitious expansion plans.
Shares of the group, which
floated at 170p but have been hurt
by the wider market malaise, were
up 2絧 at 163p.
First Group bid draws watchdog?s eyes German growth offsets
Harry Wilson City Editor
The City watchdog is taking a preliminary look at the unusual spike in First
Group shares before the bus and train
operator?s confirmation in midweek
that it had received a takeover offer
from an American private equity firm.
Shares in First Group rose 32 per cent
between March 26 and Wednesday this
week before it put out a statement after
the London Stock Exchange had closed
saying that the company had rejected a
bid from Apollo Global Management,
one of the world?s largest buyout firms.
The Financial Conduct Authority
monitors the conduct of individuals
and finance companies including
potential insider trading on UK financial markets and such an unusual
trading pattern could lead to an investigation. It said: ?We don?t comment on
specific cases but we conduct surveillance across the market on a daily basis
and routinely look at unusual or sudden
changes in price or volume.?
The sharp rise in the stock, which
followed an almost year-long drop in
First Group?s market value, raised suspicion that details of the deal might
have been leaked, allowing people to
First Group, which rejected the Apollo
offer, operates several rail franchises
trade knowing that a potential offer was
on the table.
First Group operates several of Britain?s main rail franchises, including the
Great Western Railway, the South
Western Railway and the Transpennine Express. It also operates a fleet of
6,000 buses across the UK, making up
about a fifth of Britain?s bus services
outside London, and owns the US
Greyhound intercity coach service.
Apollo, which is based in New York,
manages about $250 billion of clients?
assets, making it one of the world?s
biggest private equity firms.
Investment banks advising both
sides, including Goldman Sachs, JP
Morgan and Morgan Stanley, have
tight procedures in place to ensure that
inside information remains confidential until a formal market announcement. The UK?s Takeover Panel is also
understood to have been advised of the
talks. There is no suggestion of wrongdoing by these entities or First Group,
but in the latter?s case there had been
little or no speculation about an imminent offer for the company in recent
weeks, making the sharp rise in its price
something the FCA will look at.
Making its announcement on
Wednesday, First Group said it had
noted the ?recent movements? in its
share price. Shares in the company had
risen 7.4 per cent on Wednesday. Yesterday the stock climbed a further 8 per
cent to close up 8紁 at 110p.
First Group said Apollo?s offer was
well short of what it was worth. Apollo
has yet to make a statement.
decline in UK for Hays
Times Business Reporter
Hays, the recruitment company,
enjoyed a rise in net fees in the first
quarter of 2018 as a strong performance
in Germany, its largest market, offset a
decline in the UK.
Hays said in a trading update that
quarterly net fees in Germany grew by
19 per cent while the UK and Ireland
fees dropped by 2 per cent. Total fees
were up 9 per cent.
Hays is the largest recruitment business in the UK and Ireland. Overall it
employs more than 6,000 people
across 33 countries. Its specialities include accountancy, IT and healthcare.
The company has benefited from
growth in its international business and
cost controls in its domestic market,
where hiring has been hit by uncertainty since Britain voted to leave the EU.
Alistair Cox, chief executive, said:
?We have delivered another good quarter with 20 of our 33 markets achieving
double-digit growth, including nine alltime records, and our international
businesses up 15 per cent overall. Our
largest overseas businesses of Germany, Australia and France grew
strongly and we saw excellent progress
in the Americas and Asia.?
Trading conditions in the UK and
Ireland remained subdued but broadly
stable, the company said. The UK accounted for 24 per cent of fees in the
quarter, compared with 27 per cent for
Germany, with three quarters of the
business in the private sector.
In a sign of a split in the UK recruitment market, net fees in London
increased by 3 per cent but dropped by
14 per cent in the Midlands. The
strongest performing sector was office
support, which includes jobs such as
receptionists, customer service and
administration, where fees grew 2 per
cent. However, fees in accountancy and
finance fell by 9 per cent and education
by 14 per cent.
The results from Hays follow comments from its rival Page Group on
Wednesday. Page said that uncertainty
over the UK?s exit from the European
Union had ?continued to impact
confidence?.
46
Friday April 13 2018 | the times
1G M
Business Unit Trusts
The Times unit trust information service
Sell
Buy
+/-
Yld
%
For Abbey National see Santander
For Allchurches see Ecclesiastical
ALLIANZ GLOBAL INVESTORS
Inv Serv: 020 7065 1400 Helpline: 0800 317 573
Gilt Yield A ?@
Strategic Bond Fund ?@
UK Corp Bond C ?@
UK Eqty C ?@
UK Eqty Inc A ?@
UK Gwth A ?@
UK Index A Inc ?@
UK Mid Cap A ?@
177.62
148.45
104.79
6317.26
294.65
5706.36
1423.81
5056.25
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.36
+0.07
-0.78
-14.91
+2.13
+69.83
-5.83
-1.08
1.25
0.49
3.87
3.28
4.35
1.21
3.01
0.13
1663.09
106.18
101.16
370.28
32.85
265.70
128.97
95.87
105.39
84.16
447.31
241.53
73.82
88.24
101.44
60.32
101.25
60.37
578.27
1740.00
617.79
+7.46
-0.39
-0.37
+0.22
+0.45
-0.04
-0.21
-0.16
-0.44
+0.08
+1.16
+0.63
?
+0.48
+0.05
+0.03
+0.05
+0.03
+4.32
+3.73
+3.35
1.79
0.79
0.79
0.85
0.43
0.86
3.64
3.75
?
5.46
3.82
3.93
4.24
?
3.35
3.42
3.35
3.41
1.20
1.31
1.61
AXA FRAMLINGTON UNIT MGMT LTD
Dling: 0845 602 1952 Priv Clients: 0845 777 5511
Equity Inc ?@
572.40
Gilt Acc @
201.30
Gilt Inc @
74.35
Health Acc ?@
1713.00
Jap Smlr Co Ac @
62.56
Managed Inc ?@
141.00
Monthly Inc Inc ?@
253.90
UK Growth Inc ?@
203.50
UK Select Opps Inc ?@ 1868.00
UK Sml Cos Inc ?@
288.20
?
211.80
78.24
?
66.09
?
?
?
?
?
-2.70
+0.10
-0.39
-5.00
-0.19
?
+0.60
+0.80
+2.00
+0.20
4.43
1.08
1.09
?
0.30
4.16
4.55
1.58
0.22
0.05
AXA FUND MANAGERS LTD
Admin & Enq 0117 989 0808
AXA Trusts
Gen Acc ?@
Gen Inc ?@
2101.00
1079.00
?
?
+6.00
-2.00
2.64
2.70
UK/Global Investment Companies
Euro Acc A ?@
Extra Inc Inc B ?@
Global Gwth Acc R ?@
Japan Acc A ?@
Pac Gwth Acc A ?@
243.10
88.79
203.80
158.00
457.70
?
?
?
?
?
147.80
552.70
555.60
219.10
1.80
0.88
1.10
1.27
1.65
150.10
?
564.00
222.40
-0.50
+0.20
+0.20
+0.70
?
1.19
1.62
4.66
CLOSE FUND MANAGEMENT LTD
0870 606 6402
Beacon Inv ?
84.88
?
+0.35
0.01
Dealing: 020 7426 6232
Winchester ?
2656.68
?
+27.01
1.43
EDENTREE INV MGMT LTD
0800 358 3010
Amity European A ?
Amity International A ?
Amity Sterling Bond A ?
Amity UK A Inc ?
Higher Income A ?
UK Equity Growth A ?
261.60
267.90
105.60
234.40
133.80
281.80
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.70
-0.30
+0.10
+0.70
+0.20
+0.20
1.11
1.18
4.58
1.48
4.45
1.07
Corporate Bond ?@
Ethical ?@
European ?@
Far Eastern ?
Fund of Inv Tst ?@
Intl Gwth ?
Japanese ?
North Amer ?
Smaller Cos ?@
Special Sits ?@
UK Equity Inc ?@
UK FTSE 100 IT ?@
UK FTSE All-S IT ?@
UK Growth ?@
Yld
%
2177.00
27.60
3736.00
1883.00
149.50
356.50
48.55
327.60
76.73
36.52
104.86
3902.00
69.75
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
327.60
?
?
?
?
72.18
-5.00
+0.03
+11.00
+1.00
+0.20
-0.50
+0.06
-0.10
+0.13
+0.04
+0.09
+14.00
+0.53
0.89
2.94
?
?
0.08
?
4.32
0.21
2.38
2.86
2.63
0.94
0.44
?
?
?
?
?
?
14.83
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
35.41
78.49
84.89
101.40
111.00
83.71
59.12
83.34
116.50
46.85
84.23
58.19
66.60
77.69
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.02
-0.01
-0.11
-0.30
+0.20
-0.32
-0.41
-0.39
+1.60
-0.06
+0.26
+0.10
+0.12
+0.20
Amer Ind Acc ?@
Amer Ind Inc ?@
Euro Ind Acc ?@
Euro Ind Inc ?@
FTSE 100 Ind Acc ?@
FTSE 100 Ind Inc ?@
FTSE 250 Ind Acc ?@
FTSE 250 Ind Inc ?@
FTSE All-S Acc ?@
FTSE All-S Inc ?@
Jap Ind Acc ?@
Jap Ind Inc ?@
Pac Ind Acc ?@
Pac Ind Inc ?@
481.35
412.96
840.04
604.38
221.56
119.87
264.11
181.82
569.98
343.12
117.73
100.46
373.78
265.75
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-2.08
-1.78
-0.72
-0.51
+0.38
+0.21
+0.43
+0.30
+1.02
+0.64
-0.68
-0.58
-0.72
-0.51
Balanced Acc ?@
208.71
Balanced Inc ?@
139.29
Corp Bd Acc ?@
277.12
Corp Bd Inc ?@
122.32
Gilt & Fd Int Acc ?@
462.76
Gilt & Fd Int Inc ?@
72.39
Income Acc ?@
638.39
Income Inc ?@
318.49
Monthly Inc Acc ?@
293.65
Monthly Inc Inc ?@
144.17
UK Grth & Inc Ret B Acc ?@131.86
UK Grth & Inc Ret B Inc ?@69.94
UK Gth & Inc Acc ?@
131.86
UK Gth & Inc Inc ?@
69.94
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.01
+0.01
-0.13
-0.06
-0.64
-0.10
+1.52
+0.76
+0.49
+0.24
+0.27
+0.14
+0.27
+0.14
Buy
+/-
Yld
%
Cautious Managed A Acc ?@413.57
Cautious Managed A Inc ?@272.86
Diversified Growth A Acc ?@127.94
Diversified Growth A Inc ?@139.94
Diversified Income A Acc ?@305.56
Diversified Income A Inc ?@79.18
Emerging Mkts Blended Debt A Acc ?@115.57
Emerging Mkts Blended Debt A Acc Gross ?@125.82
Emerging Mkts Blended Debt A Inc ?@88.15
Emerging Mkts Equity A Acc ?@146.36
Emrg Mkts Local Curr Debt A Acc ?@184.73
Emrg Mkts Local Curr Debt A Inc ?@96.60
Emrg Mkts Local Curr Debt Gross I Acc ?@220.49
Enhanced Natural Resources A Acc ?@114.88
Global Bond A Acc ?@
139.30
Global Bond A Inc ?@
109.33
Global Bond I Gross Inc ?@1167.00
Global Dynamic A Acc ?@ 145.88
Global Energy A Acc ?@ 188.30
Global Equity A Acc ?@ 148.84
Global Franchise A Acc ?@188.25
Global Free Enterprise A Acc ?@881.66
Global Gold A Acc ?@
121.96
Global Special Situations A Acc ?@263.15
Global Special Situations A Inc ?@207.78
Managed Growth A Acc ?@232.88
Monthly High Income A Acc ?@220.19
Monthly High Income A Inc ?@68.17
Multi-Asset Protector A Acc ?@172.12
Strategic Bond A Acc ?@ 244.54
Strategic Bond A Inc ?@ 119.47
Target Return A Acc ?@ 103.20
Target Return A Inc ?@ 90.64
UK Alpha A Acc ?@
2409.97
UK Blue Chip A Acc ?@ 770.11
UK Smaller Companies A Acc ?@4636.59
UK Smaller Companies A Inc ?@4203.61
UK Special Situations A Acc ?@1172.94
UK Special Situations A Inc ?@450.59
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.04
+0.03
-0.11
-0.13
-0.31
-0.08
+0.57
+0.20
+0.44
+0.74
+1.84
+0.97
-0.05
+0.40
+4.03
+3.00
+29.78
+0.47
+2.71
+0.46
+0.30
+2.51
+1.98
+0.90
+0.71
-0.55
+0.13
+0.04
+0.01
+0.19
+0.09
-0.18
-0.16
+6.51
+3.15
+11.76
+10.67
+8.04
+3.09
?
?
0.86
0.91
2.81
4.26
4.92
4.21
6.85
0.37
5.47
7.41
5.42
0.63
0.83
0.82
1.26
0.38
1.30
0.43
1.76
0.04
?
?
?
0.08
3.62
5.11
0.16
1.94
3.31
0.89
0.88
1.65
1.67
0.95
0.96
1.57
1.59
For ISIS Asset Mgmt see F&C Fd Mgmt Ltd (OEICS)
New Europe A ?@
Portfolio ?@
Stg Corp Bd A Acc ?@
Stg Corp Bd A Inc ?@
UK Act 350 A Acc ?@
UK Dynamic Acc ?@
UK Dynamic Inc ?@
UK Equity A Acc ?@
UK Equity A Inc ?@
UK Eqy & Bd Inc Acc ?@
UK Eqy & Bd Inc Inc ?@
UK Higher Inc A Acc ?@
UK Higher Inc A Inc ?@
UK Sm Cos A Acc ?@
UK Str Eq Inc A Acc ?@
UK Str Eq Inc A Inc ?@
US A Acc ?@
US Sm Cos A Acc ?@
Sell
Buy
+/-
Yld
%
192.30
260.80
92.58
55.53
199.00
200.10
157.90
401.90
46.44
167.10
90.29
1059.00
551.30
481.00
184.90
110.30
991.80
618.90
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+3.90
+0.40
-0.03
-0.01
-2.20
+0.60
+0.60
+0.60
+0.07
-0.20
-0.48
+2.00
+1.20
+1.40
+0.30
+0.10
-4.80
+1.30
?
0.65
1.49
1.98
?
0.98
1.57
3.45
3.49
3.41
3.50
2.55
4.56
?
3.31
3.88
?
?
JUPITER UT MGRS LTD
020 7581 3020
Absolute Return ?@
53.77
Distribution and Growth ?@120.00
Emg Euro Opps ?@
201.45
Euro Special Sits ?@
405.42
European ?@
2123.80
Financial Opps ?@
595.06
Income Trust ?@
553.02
Merlin Bal (Acc) ?@
179.32
Merlin Gwth (Acc) ?@ 396.99
Merlin Inc (Acc) ?@
292.12
Merlin Wwide (Inc) ?@ 284.91
UK Growth ?@
320.79
UK Special Sits (Inc) ?@ 186.19
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.12
+0.26
+4.16
-1.40
-7.08
-3.91
+4.35
+0.67
+2.43
+0.67
+1.86
-0.48
+0.84
?
4.38
1.45
0.23
?
0.29
4.02
2.10
?
3.06
?
1.16
1.29
LEGAL & GENERAL (UT MGRS) LTD
Enquiries: 0870 050 0955 Dealing: 0870 050 0956
Equity Acc @
Equity Dist @
Euro Ind Acc @
Euro Ind Inc @
Fixed Int Acc @
2616.00
893.80
381.40
274.70
137.90
2639.00
902.00
381.40
274.70
138.70
-8.00
-2.70
-1.00
-0.70
?
2.12
2.15
1.93
1.96
2.55
1.41
1.42
2.62
2.65
2.16
2.19
4.39
4.53
3.85
4.30
4.06
4.18
4.06
4.18
Sell
American Index Retail Acc ?@481.35
American Index Retail Inc ?@412.96
Asian Gth Acc ?@
152.31
Asian Gth Inc ?@
135.87
Chinese Eq Acc ?@
556.97
Chinese Eq Inc ?@
473.00
Euro Gth Acc ?@
816.45
Euro Gth Inc ?@
699.85
-0.05
+0.30
-2.00
?
+0.80
-1.00
+0.01
+0.03
?
?
-2.40
-0.20
+0.20
+3.00
?
?
+2.20
2.73
?
0.86
2.92
3.43
?
5.36
3.57
3.18
3.37
?
0.96
0.47
1.14
3.25
3.34
0.34
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-2.08
-1.78
-0.97
-0.87
-1.51
-1.28
-0.52
-0.44
1.48
1.50
0.37
0.46
0.21
0.22
1.48
1.52
322.55
262.17
393.13
99.69
403.88
475.71
331.53
83.98
275.04
49.06
130.89
71.96
95.54
498.71
756.24
628.94
340.42
276.69
414.92
?
426.26
502.07
349.90
88.64
290.28
51.78
138.15
76.96
100.84
526.34
798.14
663.79
-3.34
-0.93
-1.40
-0.89
-3.57
-4.21
-3.09
-0.29
-0.92
-0.03
-0.06
+0.17
-0.11
-2.81
+1.64
+1.36
?
1.52
1.49
4.77
2.18
2.24
0.12
4.43
4.32
0.94
0.66
1.30
0.58
1.34
0.15
0.21
INSIGHT INVESTMENT FDS MANAGEMENT LTD
Client Servs: 0800 124 314
Insight Investment Global Investment Funds
Mthly Inc Bd Inc ?@
Mthly Inc Bd N Inc ?@
48.44
91.99
?
?
+0.10
+0.19
Insigt Investment Portfolio Fund
Insight Investment Multi-Manager Funds (0800)
96.05
93.79
?
?
-0.32
-0.36
UK Str Inc N/Trl ?@
518.96
?
+1.09
3.36
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+1.87
+0.05
+1.60
+0.80
+5.12
-0.01
+0.09
+0.77
+1.86
+0.54
+0.04
2.17
2.88
3.67
4.12
3.74
0.04
4.88
2.24
2.10
0.27
?
INVESCO PERPETUAL Funds
Childrens Acc ?@
454.35
Corp Bond Acc ?@
201.56
High Income Inc ?@
432.28
Income & Grth Inc ?@
410.59
Income Inc ?@
1646.22
Money Acc ?@
90.35
Monthly Inc Plus Inc ?@ 108.44
UK Aggressive Inc ?@
195.54
UK Growth Acc ?@
658.57
UK Sml Cos Eqty Acc ?@ 1226.66
UK Sml Cos Gwth ?@
82.54
American A Acc ?@
345.44
Asia ex Japan A Acc ?@ 631.65
Capital Accumulator A Acc ?@229.69
?
?
0.10
0.14
0.12
INVESCO FUND MGRS LTD
Dling: 0800 085 8571 Inv Serv: 0800 085 8677
Brkr Serv: 0800 028 2121
INVESCO Funds
Amer Spec Sits ?@
American ?@
Euro Opps ?@
+10.00
+26.00
-0.40
?
4.21
?
?
?
+0.52
-2.64
+0.70
?
0.53
1.18
+/-
Yld
%
-0.01
?
+0.30
+0.50
-0.50
-0.30
-0.60
-1.00
+1.30
+0.90
4.19
4.08
3.38
3.46
3.99
3.91
0.82
0.36
MANEK INVESTMENT MGMT LTD
0844 800 9401
Growth Fd Acc @
41.47
43.54
MARKS & SPENCER UNIT TRUST LTD
0808 005 5555
High Income
High Income Acc
UK 100 Comp Acc
UK 100 Cos
UK Select Pflo
UK Selection Port Acc
Worldwide Mgd Acc ?
Wwide Mgd ?
114.20
259.80
369.00
213.90
340.30
616.80
789.80
492.30
114.20
259.80
369.00
213.90
340.30
616.80
?
?
MORGAN STANLEY INVESTMENT MGMT LTD
Enquires: 0800 0961 962
The Morgan Stanley Funds (UK)
Class A Shares
Equity
Eur (Ex UK) Eq A Acc ?@1310.92
Glob Brands A Acc ?@ 7766.82
UK Eq A Acc ?@
1184.53
?
?
?
+4.24
+18.93
-0.02
1.25
1.11
1.66
?
?
?
-3.90
-3.80
?
1.95
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.10
-0.40
?
-0.20
+0.40
-0.20
-0.20
?
2.01
5.52
3.03
3.93
3.12
3.20
-1.80
-0.57
-1.21
+0.43
-2.77
-0.88
+6.23
+4.31
-7.28
+2.06
1.45
1.18
0.24
0.56
1.43
1.17
0.24
3.20
?
3.27
Fixed Income
Stg Corp Bd A Acc ?@
UK Ind Lnkd A Acc ?@
UK Long Bd A Acc ?@
Bal Pfolio Inc ?@
Bal Port Gwth Acc ?@
Equity Inc Inc ?@
N&P UK Gwth Inc ?@
Stkmkt 100 Tkr ?@
UK Growth Acc ?@
UK Growth Inc ?@
106.30
198.70
214.70
181.70
212.40
390.60
243.30
SCOTTISH MUTUAL INV MNGRS LTD
0141 248 6100
European Inc
Far Eastern Inc
Intl Growth Inc
Japanese Inc
Mutual European
Mutual Far Eastern
Mutual North Am
Mutual UK Eq
Nth American Inc
UK Equity Inc
1398.60
525.58
550.14
41.85
2146.18
811.52
1983.00
1309.59
1227.65
627.57
1476.09
554.70
580.62
41.85
2265.10
856.49
2092.88
1382.15
1295.67
662.34
197.80
183.10
138.60
218.90
214.00
?
?
?
?
?
0.52
1.04
1.05
0.46
0.48
2444.00
?
-18.00
0.56
315.20
182.80
?
?
-0.30
-0.20
3.12
3.20
+0.90
+0.30
+0.20
+0.10
+0.06
?
?
?
+0.40
+0.19
-0.20
-2.00
1.78
1.80
1.21
5.26
5.41
4.25
4.36
?
3.08
3.13
2.28
1.32
UK and Income Investment Funds
Corp Bond A Acc ?@
311.60
Corp Bond A Inc ?@
126.10
Envir Invtr A Acc ?@
281.20
Hi Inc Bond A Ac ?@
230.60
Hi Inc Bond A Inc ?@
86.94
Hi Res A Acc ?@
354.00
Hi Res A Inc ?@
133.30
Safety Plus A Acc ?@
40.49
Strat Inc A Acc ?@
200.80
Strat Inc A Inc ?@
100.00
UK Gwth A Acc ?@
184.30
UK Sel Gwth A Acc ?@ 1896.00
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
OEIC B Class
Tracker and Specialist Investment Funds
All Stks Credit A Inc ?@ 131.60
Asian Div Inc U Trst Inc @105.02
Cautious Man Fd A Acc ?@262.90
Cautious Man Fd A Inc ?@151.50
China Opp Fund A Acc ?@1445.00
Emg Mkts Opps Fd A Acc ?@206.20
Erpn Grth Fund A Acc ?@ 227.60
Erpn Sel Opps Fd A Acc ?@1604.00
Fix Int Mnthly Inc Fd Acc @28.71
Global Equity Fund Acc @2917.68
Global Equity Income A Inc ?@58.50
Global Tech A Acc ?@ 1620.00
M-Asset Abs Ret A Acc ?@139.80
M-Man Active Fd A Acc ?@219.10
M-Man Inc Grth A Inc ?@ 152.10
M-Man Inc Grth Fd A Acc ?@173.80
Sterling Bond U Trst Acc @219.64
Sterling Bond U Trst Inc @ 64.91
Strategic Bond A Inc ?@ 122.90
UK Abs Ret Fd A Acc ?@ 157.00
UK Alpha Fund A Acc ?@ 147.80
UK Index Fund A Acc ?@ 610.90
UK Irsh Sm Co Fd A Acc ?@643.00
UK Property A Acc @
227.71
UK Property A Inc @
102.46
UK Tracker Fund A Acc ?@274.40
US Growth Fund A Acc ?@960.80
?
110.33
?
?
?
?
?
?
29.95
3043.37
?
?
?
?
?
?
229.11
67.70
?
?
?
?
?
239.68
107.84
?
?
-0.50
-0.70
+0.60
+0.40
-5.00
+0.80
-0.40
-2.00
-0.01
-17.66
-0.11
-5.00
?
+0.50
+0.20
+0.20
-0.11
-0.03
?
+0.20
+0.50
+1.10
+2.20
?
?
+0.50
-4.80
2.46
5.90
3.33
3.40
0.47
0.31
0.87
0.59
4.50
?
3.39
?
0.43
?
2.16
2.13
2.24
2.27
4.02
?
1.93
2.17
0.44
3.00
3.05
2.21
?
JP MORGAN ASSET MGMT
OEIC
Asia A Acc ?@
206.20
Emerging Mkts ?@
220.20
Eur Dyn (ex-UK) A Acc ?@216.90
Euro Smllr Cos ?@
757.60
Europe A Acc ?@
1429.00
Gbl Hi Yld Bd A Acc ?@ 110.50
Gbl Hi Yld Bd A Inc ?@
36.94
Gl ex-UK Bd A Acc ?@ 263.00
Gl ex-UK Bd A Inc ?@
204.10
Glb Fins A Acc ?@
1077.00
Global A Acc ?@
1275.00
Japan A Acc ?@
453.10
Multi-Man Tst A Acc ?@ 967.00
Multi-Man Tst A Inc ?@ 884.80
Nat Resources ?@
593.60
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.90
-0.40
-0.10
-3.30
-3.00
+0.10
+0.03
-0.10
?
+1.00
-4.00
-2.50
-0.10
?
+2.70
?
?
?
?
?
4.23
5.77
0.15
0.45
1.03
?
?
?
0.56
?
Fixed Int Dist @
Glob Gwth Acc @
Glob Health Acc @
Glob Tech Acc @
Gwth Tst Acc @
High Inc Acc @
Japan Ind Acc @
Pacific Ind Acc @
UK 100 Ind Acc @
UK Active Opps Acc @
UK Index Acc @
UK Index Dist @
US Ind Acc @
Worldwide Acc @
70.99
243.90
62.01
39.85
106.00
127.50
58.55
152.10
178.50
249.90
283.40
159.00
434.50
297.90
71.46
243.90
62.08
39.89
106.50
128.50
58.55
152.10
178.50
252.90
283.40
159.00
434.50
297.90
-0.02
-1.30
-0.09
+0.22
-1.00
+0.10
-0.35
-0.40
+0.30
-0.10
+0.50
+0.30
+1.10
+1.60
2.59
1.15
0.75
0.25
0.17
4.83
0.86
2.26
3.12
?
3.22
3.30
0.88
0.72
M & G SECURITIES
Enq: 0800 390 390 Dealing Line: 0800 328 3196
Authorised Inv Funds
Charifund Inc ?
1566.84
?
+5.71
4.93
-1.28
-1.19
0.20
1.87
+1.38
-0.30
+0.04
-0.76
-0.36
?
+16.45
4.65
1.24
4.91
?
3.94
1.57
2.22
-0.07
+0.05
+0.87
+0.18
3.76
5.08
2.39
2.29
Sterling Class A Investment Funds 1
Euro Smlr Cos Acc ?@
Euro Smlr Cos Inc ?@
419.34
391.83
?
?
Sterling Class A Investment Funds 2
Extra Income Inc ?@
768.41
Gilt & Fxd Int Inc ?@
97.20
Gl Hi Yd Bd Inc ?@
50.24
Index Linked Bd Inc ?@ 139.88
Index Trckr Inc ?@
74.82
Short Dated Corp Bd Inc ?@25.79
UK Select A Inc ?@
2948.65
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
Sterling Class A Investment Funds 3
Corp Bd A Inc ?@
Dividend Inc ?@
Recovery A Inc ?@
Sml Cos Inc ?@
40.29
59.34
138.22
361.98
?
?
?
?
Sterling Class A Investment Funds 4
Episode Allocation A Inc ?@145.85
?
+0.37
1.97
UK Trkr B Acc ?@
UK Trkr B Inc ?@
341.80
181.80
?
?
-0.50
-0.30
3.61
3.69
+0.90
+0.30
-0.20
-3.00
1.97
2.00
2.64
1.58
-0.10
-2.00
3.24
1.83
UK and Income Investment Funds
Corp Bond B Acc ?@
321.00
Corp Bond B Inc ?@
126.00
UK Gwth B Acc ?@
197.60
UK Sel Gwth B Acc ?@ 1974.00
?
?
?
?
UK Gth C Inc ?@
136.60
UK Sel Gwth C Acc ?@ 2051.00
?
?
STANDARD LIFE INVESTMENTS
0845 279 3003
Investment Funds (OEIC) - Retail Shares
95.78
57.20
102.30
132.70
162.90
62.20
193.70
126.70
167.50
124.30
132.40
48.84
100.20
251.00
88.63
54.24
340.30
223.10
252.40
85.35
197.70
249.40
228.80
716.00
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.24
+0.14
+0.20
-0.70
+0.50
+0.20
-1.50
-0.30
-0.50
-0.10
+0.10
+0.02
-0.80
-0.30
+0.11
+0.07
-0.40
?
-0.30
-0.11
-0.80
-0.40
-0.30
-2.40
1.42
1.43
1.80
?
3.01
3.10
1.72
1.08
1.06
0.05
3.04
3.10
0.09
1.67
1.29
1.30
2.25
2.78
4.07
4.20
1.42
0.39
0.39
0.40
?
?
?
+0.35
+0.33
+0.33
1.65
1.66
1.87
SVS BROWN SHIPLEY FUNDS
Enquiries: 0141 222 1151
Balanced A Acc ?@
Balanced A Inc ?@
Cautious A Acc ?@
Yld
%
101.97
259.87
245.33
277.06
221.49
228.26
95.73
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.31
+0.82
+0.78
+0.67
+0.33
-0.02
-0.01
1.89
1.02
1.03
0.95
2.99
2.67
2.72
UK Oseas Earns ?@
124.82
?
+0.50
2.02
114.20
153.00
78.52
?
?
?
-0.10
?
+0.02
1.29
0.87
3.89
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.11
+0.01
-0.03
-0.04
+0.14
+0.26
+0.04
+0.45
+0.09
+0.13
+0.25
+0.37
+0.43
1.06
3.41
2.92
2.55
4.24
3.79
4.62
1.76
3.97
4.75
1.79
1.54
0.16
687.50
219.40
-0.60
+1.00
1.65
?
Managed Funds
Def Eqty & Bd Acc ?@
Eqty & Bd Acc ?@
Mgd Income ?@
118.07
111.85
109.40
Stg Bd Ret Inc ?@
Strat Bd Ret ?@
UK Corp Bond ?@
UK Corp Ret ?@
UK Eqty Inc Ret ?@
UK Gwth & Inc Ret ?@
UK Hi Yld Bd 1 ?@
UK Inst Acc ?@
UK Mnthly Extra Inc ?@
UK Mnthly Inc Ret ?@
UK Retail ?@
UK Sel Retail ?@
UK Smaller Cos ?@
56.80
46.44
61.32
61.20
93.04
90.14
42.65
160.45
78.74
72.47
137.89
128.86
335.62
For Resolution see Ignis
TU FUND MANAGERS LIMITED
British
European
653.20
210.70
* Yield expressed as CAR (Compound Annual Return);
? Ex dividend; ?Middle price; . . . No significant data. #
Periodic charge deducted from capital; @ Exit charge
British funds
Stock
Price
Int Yld Grs rd
(�) +/?
% yld
110.25
375.17
129.11
375.56
120.33
123.71
141.49
130.56
380.69
160.84
155.43
279.09
150.12
179.24
175.22
185.39
171.11
177.31
209.86
169.50
209.26
206.26
279.34
218.70
225.36
263.05
264.78
281.36
104.04
361.19
117.98
355.46
111.05
114.04
129.03
119.09
355.25
145.14
139.88
259.90
134.08
159.17
154.38
162.26
148.24
151.89
179.60
157.84
176.95
171.51
231.25
176.93
181.37
208.77
204.60
214.78
Tr IL 0V% 19
104.39
Tr IL 2K% 20
361.33
Tr IL 1Y% 2022 * 118.39
Tr IL 2K% 24
357.30
Tr IL 0V% 24
111.77
Tr IL 0V% 26
114.78
Tr IL 1N% 2027 * 129.96
Tr IL 0V% 29
120.36
Tr IL 4V% 30
357.72
Tr IL 1N% 2032 * 147.60
Tr IL 0O% 34
142.78
Tr IL 2% 35
265.09
Tr IL 0V% 36
137.33
Tr IL 1V% 2037 * 163.03
Tr IL 0X% 40
158.91
Tr IL 0X% 42 * 167.33
Tr IL 0V% 44
154.25
Tr IL 0V% 46
158.43
Tr IL 0O% 2047 * 186.23
Tr IL 0V% 48
164.19
Tr IL 0K% 50 * 185.11
Tr IL 0N% 52
181.10
Tr IL 1N% 2055 * 243.08
Tr IL 0V% 56
187.80
Tr IL 0V% 58 * 192.47
Tr IL 0W% 62
222.57
Tr IL 0V% 65
220.70
Tr IL 0V% 68
232.13
? .06
? .22
? .24
?1.05
? .36
? .60
? .77
? .77
?1.98
?1.14
?1.20
?2.23
?1.40
?1.62
?1.66
?2.01
?2.07
?2.27
?2.63
?2.52
?2.90
?3.11
?4.17
?3.69
?3.89
?4.81
?5.43
?5.97
?
1.76
1.63
1.52
?
?
1.05
?
1.81
0.85
?
0.92
?
0.73
?
0.37
?
?
0.41
?
?
?
0.57
?
?
?
?
?
?2.53
?2.07
?1.92
?1.64
?1.75
?1.61
?1.62
?1.57
?1.52
?1.62
?1.60
?1.54
?1.59
?1.60
?1.60
?1.60
?1.56
?1.54
?1.54
?1.53
?1.55
?1.56
?1.54
?1.53
?1.54
?1.56
?1.57
?1.60
? .89
? .97
? .84
?1.12
?1.11
?1.17
?1.29
?1.20
?1.27
?1.47
?1.08
?1.65
?1.73
?2.07
?1.51
?2.26
?2.11
?2.61
3.23
3.07
?
3.14
2.96
?
2.94
?
?
2.76
?
2.66
?
2.48
?
?
?
?
1.73
1.75
1.80
1.77
1.79
1.80
1.81
1.83
1.83
1.81
1.80
1.77
1.73
1.68
1.65
1.63
1.61
1.61
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
.14
.17
.23
.30
.42
.39
.43
.50
.62
.73
.75
.78
?
?
?
?
4.01
?
?
?
3.39
4.17
3.50
3.21
0.97
1.09
1.17
1.23
1.26
1.29
1.38
1.48
1.44
1.51
1.62
1.67
+
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
.01
.02
.02
.03
.07
.06
.06
.10
.15
.15
.16
.21
?
4.42
?
4.11
3.60
?
4.42
?
?
6.56
3.59
?
?
0.62
0.72
0.81
0.78
0.80
0.91
0.83
0.87
0.94
0.94
0.99
1.08
1.19
Longs (Over 15 years)
145.88
144.09
102.52
157.27
148.88
150.88
159.30
133.83
140.40
160.53
97.05
166.78
159.09
179.39
107.38
179.15
135.86
173.27
135.90
134.34
95.39
146.30
138.48
139.98
147.31
123.60
129.43
147.59
88.05
152.65
144.61
162.92
96.14
162.07
121.18
154.94
Tr 4K% 34
Tr 4N% 36
Tr 1{ }% 37
Tr 4O% 38
Tr 4N% 39
Tr 4N% 40
Tr 4K% 42
Tr 3N% 44
Tr 3K% 45
Tr 4N% 46
Tr 1K% 47
Tr 4N% 49
Tr 3O% 52
Tr 4N% 55
Tr 1O% 57
Tr 4% 60
Tr 2K% 65
Tr 3K% 68
139.44
138.29
99.26
151.36
143.57
145.40
153.25
129.19
135.29
154.22
93.09
159.96
152.19
171.58
102.75
171.66
129.52
165.16
Mediums (5-15 years)
OEIC C Class
UK and Income Investment Funds
AAA Inc CAT Acc ?@
AAA Inc CAT Inc ?@
AAA Income Acc ?@
Amer Eq Gth Acc ?@
Corp Bond Acc ?@
Corp Bond Inc ?@
Euro Eq Gth Acc ?@
Glb Advtg CAT Acc ?@
Glob Advtg Acc ?@
Glob Eq Uncstrd Acc ?@
Higher Inc Acc ?@
Higher Inc Inc ?@
Japan Eq Gth Acc ?@
Managed Acc ?@
Select Inc Acc ?@
Select Inc Inc ?@
UK Eq Gth Acc ?@
UK Eq Hi Alpha ?@
UK Eq Hi Inc Acc ?@
UK Eq Hi Inc Inc ?@
UK Ethical Acc ?@
UK Opps Acc ?@
UK Opps Inc ?@
UK Smlr Cos Acc ?@
+/-
Index-linked
-0.10
+0.30
+0.20
-0.50
-0.40
Tracker and Specialist Investment Funds
JANUS HENDERSON INVESTORS
Investors Serv: 0800 832 832 Dlng: 0845 946 4646
Buy
THREADNEEDLE INVESTMENTS
Client Serv: 0800 0683000
Intermediary Serv: 0800 0684000
Institutional Shares (Class 2) (163500,000 min)
12 month
High
Low
Overseas Growth Investment Funds
UK Trkr A Acc ?@
UK Trkr A Inc ?@
Cautious A Inc ?@
Dynamic A Acc ?@
Dynamic A Inc ?@
Growth A Acc ?@
Income A Acc ?@
Sterling Bond Acc ?@
Sterling Bond Inc ?@
Sell
Retail Shares (Class 1)
2449.75
1350.60
1288.90
SANTANDER UNIT TST MGRS
08457 413002
Bal Port A Acc ?@
Caut Port A Acc ?@
Caut Port A Inc ?@
Opps Port A Acc ?@
Prog Port A Acc ?@
IGNIS ASSET MGMT
Dlg: 0141 222 8282
American Gth Inc @
Balanced Growth @
Balanced Growth Acc @
Corporate Bond ?@
European Growth @
European Growth Acc @
Glob Gwth @
Higher Yield @
Higher Yield Acc @
Japan @
Managed @
Managed Trust @
Mngd Pfolio Inc @
Pacific Grth @
Smaller Comp @
Smaller Cos @
Buy
SCOTTISH WIDOWS UNIT TRUST MGRS
0845 300 2244
Authorised Inv Funds (OEICs)
OEIC A Class
Managed Investment Funds
HSBC Specialist Investment Funds (OEIC)
INVESTEC FUND MGRS
Broker Support and Dealing: 020 7597 1900
OEIC Series i,ii,iii, & iv
?
?
?
1.48
1.50
2.42
2.47
3.58
3.62
2.41
2.47
3.46
3.59
1.47
1.50
2.44
2.51
Sell
HSBC Investment Funds (OEIC) - Retail Share Class
FIDELITY INTERNATIONAL
Private Clnts 0800 414161 Broker Dlgs 0800 414181
1449.00
3602.00
495.90
3.26
0.70
1.91
1.94
0.36
1.45
1.32
1.05
0.81
1.48
4.64
3.05
2.87
2.49
HSBC GLOBAL ASSET MGMT (UK) LTD
Enq: 0845 745 6123 Dlg: 0845 745 6126 Mon-Fri 8-6
HSBC Index Tracker Investment Funds (OEIC)
Well Bldr Bal Acc ?@
Well Bldr Gwth Acc ?@
F & C FUND MANAGEMENT LTD (OEICS)
Enqs: 0870 601 6183 Dealing: 0870 601 6083
Share Class 1 - Retail
Corporate Bd ?@
57.82
Emerging Mkts ?@
119.90
Euro Gwth & Inc 1 ?@ 1018.00
Extra Inc Bond ?@
48.73
FTSE All-Shr Track ?@ 413.20
Global Gwth SC1 ?@
194.50
High Inc Trst @
14.09
Max Inc Bond ?@
48.67
Multi Man Caut ?@
70.41
Multi Man Distr ?@
60.44
North Amer ?@
486.10
Pacific Gwth ?@
425.80
Strategic Bd ?@
195.30
UK Equity ?@
3197.00
UK Gwth & Inc Acc 1 ?@ 658.50
UK Gwth & Inc Dist ?@ 234.70
UK Smaller Cos ?@
986.40
+/-
Eur Sel Gth A Acc ?@
-0.30
-0.07
-0.50
-1.20
-1.20
CIS UNIT MANAGERS LTD
08457 46 46 46
European Gwth @
Sus Leaders ?@
UK Growth @
UK Income @
Buy
HALIFAX INVESTMENT FUND MGRS LTD
01296 386 386
Authorised Inv Funds
Share Class `C
ARTEMIS FUND MGRS LTD
0800 092 2051
Authorised Inv Funds
Capital R Acc @
1576.16
Euro Opps R Acc @
100.64
Euro Opps R Inc @
95.89
European Growth R Acc @351.00
Global Energy R Acc @
31.05
Global Growth R Acc @ 251.90
Global Income R Acc @ 122.24
Global Income R Inc @
90.86
Global Select R Acc @
99.94
High Income R Inc @
79.26
Income R Acc @
422.50
Income R Inc @
228.14
Monthly Dist R Inc @
69.72
Strategic Assets R Acc @ 83.40
Strategic Bond R M Acc @ 95.69
Strategic Bond R M Inc @ 56.90
Strategic Bond R Q Acc @ 95.51
Strategic Bond R Q Inc @ 56.95
UK Growth R Acc @
547.45
UK Smaller Cos R Acc @ 1622.93
UK Special Sits R Acc @ 582.95
European ?@
Extra Income ?@
Glob Spec Sits ?@
Global Focus ?@
International ?@
Japan ?@
Moneybldr Bal ?@
Moneybldr Glob
Moneybldr Gwth ?@
Moneybldr Inc ?@
Moneybldr UK Ind ?@
Special Sits ?@
Wealthbuilder
Sell
115.15
107.31
110.88
115.27
132.93
110.19
105.54
102.29
133.03
153.92
143.86
139.13
109.28
102.69
105.32
108.78
124.15
104.05
99.67
96.41
123.47
142.43
133.08
129.40
Tr 3O% 21
Tr 1O% 22
Tr 2N% 23
Tr 2O% 24
Tr 5% 25
Tr 2% 25
Tr 1K% 26
Tr 1N% 27
Tr 4N% 27
Tr 6% 28
Tr 4O% 30
Tr 4N% 32
109.28
102.85
105.65
109.30
124.61
105.00
100.93
98.01
125.22
143.99
135.66
132.36
Shorts (under 5 years)
101.50
114.36
103.77
108.40
108.82
105.93
113.49
112.24
104.73
132.20
117.82
100.70
101.30
100.17
111.68
101.19
103.33
104.10
102.46
107.37
106.82
101.42
121.87
111.49
97.36
?
Tr 1N% 18
Tr 5% 18
Tr 1O% 19
Tr 4K% 19
Tr 3O% 19
Tr 2% 20
Tr 4O% 20
Tr 3O% 20
Tr 1K% 21
Tr 8% 21
Tr 4% 22
Tr 0K% 22
Tr 0O% 23
100.17
113.00
101.19
103.33
104.10
102.46
107.37
106.82
101.52
121.87
111.49
97.57
97.76
* maturities as having a 3-month indexation lag and
which trade on a real clean price basis, excluding inflation
adjustment charge.
This is a paid for information service. For
further details on a particular fund, readers
should contact their fund manager.
Data as shown is
for information
purposes only. No offer is made by
Morningstar or this publication
the times | Friday April 13 2018
47
1G M
Business
RICHARD B. LEVINE/CORBIS VIA GETTY IMAGES
Playtech places
biggest bet on
deal for Italian
gambling firm
Dominic Walsh
Playtech has unveiled its biggest
acquisition after agreeing terms to buy
one of Italy?s leading gambling operators for ?846 million.
Playtech, the gambling software and
financial trading group, yesterday announced the purchase of 70.6 per cent
of the Milan-listed Snaitech from two
Italian private equity funds. On completion of the deal, which requires approval from regulators and shareholders, Playtech wil be obliged to buy the
rest of Snaitech?s shares.
Italy and the UK are the largest gambling markets in Europe and Snaitech
has one of Italy?s biggest betting and
gaming networks. There are 1,600 Snai
betting shops in Italy, with the company
owning and operating ten and the rest
run by franchise holders. Snaitech supplies franchise holders with about
54,000 slot machines and 10,000 video
lottery terminals (VLTs) and also owns
?10m
Expected cost synergies from deal
three race tracks, two in Milan and one
in Tuscany. It has an online business
and a broadcasting unit that transmits
TV and radio coverage of horse racing
and some other sports.
Shares in Playtech, which have been
under pressure since a profit warning in
November, rose 43絧 on news of the
deal to 804緋, up 5.7 per cent.
Playtech, which was founded in 1999
by the Israeli billionaire Teddy Sagi,
supplies online gaming software to
many of the world?s biggest gambling
brands, including Ladbrokes and William Hill. Since its flotation in 2006 it has
grown rapidly through acquisition and
has about 5,000 employees in 17 countries. Mr Sagi has gradually sold down
his controlling stake to 6.3 per cent.
Although Playtech focuses on work-
ing with businesses, it does deal directly
with punters in Spain and Mexico. The
Snaitech acqusition expands Playtech?s
consumer business.
It is buying the initial 70.6 per cent
stake from two funds, Global Games
and OI Games, while management of
Snaitech, led by Fabio Schiavolin, its
chief executive, have committed to sell
their combined 8 per cent stake,
although they will continue to run it
after completion. The initial deal will
complete in the third quarter.
Snaitech, which has 850 employees,
generated revenues last year of
?890 million, underlying earnings of
?135.9 million and pre-tax profits of
?41.6 million. The deal will be funded
by Playtech?s existing cash and new
debt and is expected to deliver cost
synergies of ?10 million plus unspecified revenue synergies.
Mor Weizer, Playtech chief executive, said that although Italy was
Europe?s biggest gambling market,
worth ?20 billion compared with
?16 billion for the UK, it was much
more fragmented both in retail betting
and online. He said that although there
would be scope to sell more VLTs to
betting and gaming concessions across
the country, the biggest opportunity
was for online, which was ?relatively
under-developed? compared with the
UK and other markets.
Asked whether Playtech would retain ownership of the race tracks, he
said: ?We?ll keep them for the time
being but will discuss it at a later stage.?
Mr Weizer insisted that the company
had put the profit warning behind it and
that Playtech remained ?highly cash
generative and profitable?. The warning was partly caused by a slowdown in
parts of Asia and glitches relaunching
the new Sun Bingo website.
Mr Weizer said that although
Snaitech had resolved the company?s
balance sheet inefficiency, it remained
alert to further deals. ?I wouldn?t rule
out small to mid-size acqusitions in the
business-to-business space,? he said.
Disney must
bid for Sky
even if Fox
is blocked
W
alt Disney
must bid for
the whole of
Sky even if
21st Century Fox?s
�.7 billion offer for it is
blocked, the Takeover
Panel has ruled (Matthew
Moore writes). The panel
said that if its offer for
21st Century Fox?s assets
succeeds, Disney must
ky
bid for full control of Sky
and match 21st Centuryy
er
Fox?s �.75-a-share offer
for the 61 per cent of
Sky it does not already
own. Disney is
understood to have
wanted flexibility in
whether or not to bid
for the rest of Sky
should regulators
block the 21st
Century Fox bid.
Rupert Murdoch,
p,
chairman of News Corp,
owner of The Times, is
Disney owns the Star Wars
franchise; Hugh Jackman in
Fox?s The Greatest Showman
co-chairman of 21st
Century Fox with his son
Lachlan Murdoch. James
Murdoch is chief
executive of 21st Century
Fox and chairman of Sky.
21st Century Fox said
yesterday that it expects
the Disney deal to
complete after its offer
for Sky goes through.
It added: ?21st Century
Fox remains committed
to its recommended cash
offer for Sky announced
on 15th December 2016,
which is supported by
revised remedies recently
offered to the
Competition and Markets
Authority (CMA), with
whom 21st Century Fox
has been co-operating in
order to bring the UK
regulatory process to a
swift and satisfactory
conclusion.?
21st Century Fox faces
a number of regulatory
hurdles after the UK?s
competition watchdog
found the �.7 billion
deal was ?not in the
public interest?. The
CMA is now weighing up
whether to recommend
21st Century Fox?s deal
for Sky to Matt Hancock,
the culture secretary,
who must decide to either
approve or block it.
On making its ruling,
the Takeover Panel said
that ?securing control of
Sky might reasonably be
considered to be a
significant purpose of
Disney?s acquiring
control of Fox? and that
Disney must make an
offer within 28 days of
buying the 21st Century
Fox assets.
The ruling would not
stand if 21st Century
Fox s deal
de for Sky was
Fox?s
approv and went
approved
throug before Disney
through
acqu
acquired
21st Century
Fox assets, or if the
riv Sky bidder
rival
C
Comcast
acquired a
st
stake
of more than
5 per cent in Sky.
50
Comcast, the US
b
broadcaster
that
ow NBC, has
owns
ind
indicated
that it may
mou its own
mount
�.1 billion Sky
takeove approach.
takeover
Takeda sounds out lenders for Shire bid Stay out of GKN takeover
Harry Wilson
Takeda Pharmaceuticals has approached lenders about providing
funds for a bid for Shire, the UK-listed
drug company, which could be worth
about � billion.
Shares in Shire rose yesterday on reports that Takeda is working on pulling
together funds for a takeover bid before
a deadline of April 25. Shire shares
closed up 96p, or 2.7 per cent, at �.86.
Takeda revealed its interest in Shire
at the end of last month and since then
Christophe Weber, Takeda?s chief
executive, has talked up the attractions
of a deal in private meetings with
analysts. However, the funding of the
deal is complicated by the fact Takeda is
worth about $10 billion less than Shire
and if the acquisition goes through it
would be the largest ever overseas
takeover by a Japanese company.
Dublin-based Shire is best known for
Takeda revealed an interest in the
Dublin-based company last month
its treatments for hyperactivity disorders. It generates about two-thirds of its
revenues in the United States, where it
recorded sales of $14.4 billion last year.
More than half of its employees are
based in the US.
Takeda can trace its history back to
1781 when it sold herbal medicines in
Osaka. The company today focuses on
oncology, gastroenterology and neuroscience. The decision to bid for the
larger company follows recent falls in
Shire shares amid a restructuring of its
business.
Unnamed sources cited by Reuters
said that Takeda has sounded out
creditors about providing debt for the
deal, including its main bank, Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corp. Japanese
media have also reported that Takeda is
looking for tens of billions of dollars of
loans to finance a bid.
Shares in Shire have risen by about
20 per cent since Takeda?s interest in a
deal was revealed on March 28, but
shares in the Japanese company have
edged downwards due to concerns
about how much pressure the deal
would put on it.
The deadline for a formal bid was set
by the Takeover Panel.
deal, government warned
Emily Gosden
Government interference in Melrose?s
�billion takeover of GKN would be
?counterproductive?, the Institute of
Economic Affairs has warned.
The deal for GKN was narrowly
approved by 52.4 per cent of its shareholders last month but Greg Clark, the
business secretary, warned that the
government could yet block the takeover if it found public interest concerns.
GKN, maker of aircraft and automotive components, has annual sales of
� billion and customers include Airbus and Jaguar Land Rover. Melrose is
an industrial conglomerate that critics
have accused of asset-stripping.
In a briefing published today, the IEA
think-tank argues that ?shareholders,
not politicians, should decide how to
run their businesses? as they have the
most at stake. ?Preventing them from
doing so could not only harm their interests, but those of the company?s employees, customers, and even the wider
economy,? it argues.
The IEA said that while much had
been made of GKN?s British heritage ?
the company once made Spitfires ? it
was ?not a special case that needs extra
protection from the government?, since
only 10 per cent of its 60,000 employees
were in the UK.
It said that Melrose?s business model
and aims were ?perfectly legitimate?.
Julian Jessop, chief economist at the
IEA said: ?There is nothing patriotic
about preventing the shareholders of
British companies from deciding the
best way to improve the performance of
the businesses they own.?
48
2G M
Friday April 13 2018 | the times
Business Markets
news in brief
Tempus
Buy, sell or hold: today?s best share tips
VW revamp ?rushed?
Union representatives at
Volkswagen have raised concern
about the pace and scale of
changes approved by the board of
the German carmaker yesterday.
On Tuesday, the company said
that Matthias Mueller would be
replaced as chief executive by
Herbert Diess, head of VW?s core
autos brand, who has clashed
with unions over cost cuts. Other
changes include a stock market
listing of VW?s truck and bus
division, a management board
seat for a workforce representative
and a reorganisation of 12 brands
into four categories, sources said.
Voyage of uncertainty, done in style
Debt ahoy
saga
Loyalty scheme
customers
500,000
Net debt �2m
Share price
250p
I
blackrock
Net inflow 2017
$367bn
Profit $5bn
Revenue $12.5bn
?Y
ou should be 100 per cent in
equities,? Larry Fink, the boss
of Blackrock, said in an
interview on CNBC yesterday, just
after the company released its
quarterly results. ?You should always
be invested in the marketplace.?
As the boss of the world?s largest
money manager, he would say that,
wouldn?t he? To be fair, though, his
clients seem to agree. Blackrock was
managing $6.3 trillion of other
people?s money at the end of March,
up from $5.4 trillion a year earlier
225
Group net debt excluding
travel segment
Extra debt from
new ships
Net debt/Ebitda
Spirit of Adventure
3.1x
200
175
Source: Thomson Reuters
t?s hard to avoid the conclusion
that investors were sold a bit of
a pup when they bought into
the Saga flotation four years
ago. They were told of all the
mouthwatering opportunities to
extend the over-50s brand into new
areas, from wealth management to
domiciliary care and home building.
Now we know it was after all just a
dull, low-growth insurer
masquerading as something more
exciting, albeit with a small and
successful cruising business on the
side. Even after yesterday?s 6 per cent
bump to 123緋, the shares are still
way down on the 185p float price.
Institutions saw through the
blarney at the time. They largely
shunned the float, forcing the private
equity backed sellers to price at the
very bottom of the range. Retail
investors were not so lucky; 200,000
piled in, making it one of the most
popular floats of recent times.
Saga toddled along not making
much share price progress until
December, when it issued a nasty
profit warning. Years of
underinvestment had led to the
active customer base stagnating at
about 2 million for ten years; it was
time to step up investment in the
brand and that would hit profits for
the next year or two.
Lance Batchelor, chief executive,
has long since sworn off those
Group debt
Spirit of
Discovery
2.3x
1.9x
1.7x
150
125
100
2014
2015
2016
2017
18
IPO 16 17
18 19 20 21 22 23
ambitious diversification dreams and
foresees very nice returns from
largely sticking to the knitting of
insurance and cruising. And his
efforts to start wooing new
customers show signs of success.
Yesterday?s full-year results don?t
add that much to what we already
knew. Pre-tax profits, as
foreshadowed, fell 8 per cent to
�9 million. After stripping out some
inconvenient costs, Saga managed to
claim its underlying profits were
growing by 1.4 per cent.
There were a few nasties in there:
�5 million of loan notes accepted in
part payment for its disposal of
Allied Heathcare, the domiciliary
care business, have been written off.
Saga also seems to have been hit by
derivative losses on hedges in the
foreign exchange markets.
The core motor and insurance
business had a patchy year.
Insurance underwriting, which Saga
is attempting to pull back from
because of its heavy capital burden,
delivered strong results. Motor
broking was fine. Home broking was
and it keeps on pouring in. Yesterday
Blackrock?s first-quarter profit and
revenue comfortably beat analysts?
expectations.
Mr Fink said that a spike in market
volatility caused by fears of a trade
war, the threat of high interest rates,
a sell-off in technology shares and
the Republican tax reforms had
prompted clients to rebalance their
portfolios in the first quarter.
?Volatility did change the whole
dimension of the markets,? he said.
?We went into January very ebullient
over the tax reform. We did see a
slowdown in business in February
and March from the huge volumes of
flows we saw in January.?
Echoing the respected investor
Warren Buffett, Mr Fink added,
however: ?The key for investors is
staying in the market.?
Blackrock reported a first-quarter
profit of $1.1 billion compared with
$859 million a year earlier, as
revenue rose to $3.6 billion from
$3.1 billion, beating estimates of
$3.4 billion. Shares in Blackrock were
higher by 1.4 per cent to $533.01 at
the close in New York last night.
In the first quarter, long-term net
inflows were $55 billion, the company
said, with index-tracking funds and
exchange-traded funds (ETFs)
accounting for $49 billion, compared
with $5.5 billion for active funds.
Notably, however, inflows into
Blackrock?s iShares ETFs has slowed.
ADVICE Hold
WHY The ships investment
raises the risk level, but the
generous yield should stop
the shares sinking any further
not: premiums are flat and the
market is extremely competitive.
Batchelor?s big bet is now on
cruising. Saga takes delivery of two
new ships, costing �0 million
apiece, in 2019 and 2020. These are
relative tiddlers compared with some
of the floating cities recently
launched by rivals, but they are
capable of moving the dial for Saga,
each generating about � million to
� million in cash per year.
Saga scores very high customer
satisfaction rates for cruises and
already the first of the two ships,
Spirit of Discovery, has secured
bookings for 50 per cent of its
cruises in its first nine months from
June next year.
But this is still undeniably a bit of a
voyage of uncertainty. Having made
sterling progress in paying down
debts and getting leverage down to
less precarious levels over the past
four years, Saga is now dramatically
having to gear up again. The chart
above shows its own expectations for
leverage over the next five years.
Fortunately, the borrowing is all on
fixed rates. The extra debt, though,
undeniably makes the company
more vulnerable to capsize.
In theory, the dividend, which was
raised by 6 per cent to 9p for the full
year, should keep investors happy for
the couple of years before those
cruise ships start generating serious
cash. The shares now yield 7 per
cent, after all. And management is
confident the strong cash generation
for insurance will be enough to
sustain it.
Countryside expansion
Countryside Properties has
snapped up a regional builder in
its first large deal since returning
to the public market two years
ago. The housebuilder has bought
Westleigh for �5.4 million in
order to expand its partnerships
business, which works with local
authorities and housing
associations to deliver affordable
homes. The FTSE 250 company
said the acquisition would enable
it to deliver 9,000 homes a year
and expand into the Midlands
and South Yorkshire.
Man Group inflows
The hedge-fund manager Man
Group yesterday reported net
inflow of $4.8 billion of investor
funds in first quarter, taking its
total assets under management to
$112.7 billion. Net fund inflows
into Man?s total return strategies
hit $2.1 billion, while $1.4 billion
was put into the group?s absolute
returns division. Luke Ellis, chief
executive of Man, pointed to a
?weaker environment for equity
markets and momentum
strategies?. The shares closed
8 per cent higher at 189絧.
They were $64.5 billion in the first
quarter of last year but $34.6 billion
this year. The iShares ETFs have
been the strongest driver of
Blackrock?s money inflows for some
time, so this is a little concerning.
The drop-off in iShares inflows
probably accounted for much of the
shortfall in analysts? first-quarter
expectations for overall long-term
net inflows of $68.6 billion.
Bank?s credit warning
Deutsche Bank was put on notice
last night that its long-term credit
rating could be downgraded in
response to recent management
changes. Germany?s largest
lender this week replaced John
Cryan as chief executive with
Christian Sewing. Standard &
Poors, the ratings agency, said it
meant the bank may be subject to
?a longer lasting and/or more
costly restructuring of the
business model . . . This could
lead to deeper underperformance
compared with peers.?
ADVICE Hold
WHY The drop-off in net
inflows for Blackrock?s iShares
ETFs is a concern
PRICES
Major indices
New York
Dow Jones
Nasdaq Composite
S&P 500
London Financial Futures
24483.05 (+293.60)
7140.25 (+71.22)
2663.99 (+21.80)
Tokyo
Nikkei 225
21660.28 (-26.82)
Hong Kong
Hang Seng
30831.28 (-66.43)
Amsterdam
AEX Index
Zurich
SMI Index
8774.76 (+66.32)
DJ EURO Stoxx 50
3443.97 (+24.26)
London
FTSE 100
7258.34 (+1.20)
FTSE 250
19772.93 (+117.97)
FTSE 350
4045.32 (+4.68)
FTSE Eurotop 100
FTSE All-Shares
547.90 (+3.40)
Frankfurt
DAX
Singapore
Straits
Brussels
BEL20
Paris
CAC-40
12415.01 (+121.04)
FTSE Non Financials
4652.22 (-4.13)
4437.41 (+42.78)
3883.82 (+27.22)
US$
1.4226 (+0.0040)
Euro
1.1538 (+0.0073)
�SDR
0.96 (+0.00)
80.49 (+0.08)
FTSE100
FTSEurofirst 80
Commodities
Open
122.58
High
122.58
Low
121.74
99.115
99.030
98.960
98.870
98.800
100.32
100.32
100.30
100.26
100.17
100.73
100.71
100.67
7174.5
7087.5
99.125
99.050
98.970
98.890
98.810
100.33
100.32
100.30
100.26
100.18
100.74
100.72
100.68
7198.5
7096.5
99.100
99.010
98.920
98.840
98.760
100.32
100.31
100.30
100.26
100.17
100.73
100.71
100.67
7160.0
7087.5
Sett
121.97
121.04
99.105
99.020
98.930
98.860
98.780
100.32
100.32
100.30
100.26
100.17
100.73
100.71
100.67
7188.5
7120.5
4755.0
4751.0
Vol
198702
Open Int
751678
48235
43410
60596
28868
32687
21100
51030
20887
25080
32228
870
5762
6009
71182
2
722962
500158
504975
363033
378199
568614
563190
554901
377350
430620
62977
73835
96908
631106
110
ICIS pricing (London 7.30pm)
Brent (9.00pm)
Crude Oils ($/barrel FOB)
Jun
Jul
Aug
Brent Physical
BFOE(Jul)
BFOE(Jun)
WTI(Jun)
WTI(Jul)
72.36
71.21
72.11
66.30
66.95
+0.18
-0.30
-0.04
-0.06
+0.21
Products ($/MT)
Spot CIF NW Europe (prompt delivery)
Premium Unld
Gasoil EEC
3.5 Fuel Oil
Naphtha
684.00
627.50
365.00
616.00
684.00
629.50
367.00
619.00
-9.00
-10.50
-1.50
-11.00
Bank of England official close (4pm)
CPI
104.90 Feb (2015 = 100)
RPI
278.10 Feb (Jan 1987 = 100)
RPIX
278.60 Feb (Jan 1987 = 100)
Morningstar Long Commodity
5309.22 (+31.28)
3-Mth Euroswiss
n/a
Exchange Index
3468.61 (-11.15)
3-Mth Euribor
3996.54 (+4.69)
Bargains
5911.40 (-14.40)
3-Mth Sterling
2869.57 (+17.61)
techMARK 100
Sydney
AO
Long Gilt
Period
Jun 18
Sep 18
Jun 18
Sep 18
Dec 18
Mar 19
Jun 19
Jun 18
Sep 18
Dec 18
Mar 19
Jun 19
Jun 18
Sep 18
Dec 18
Jun 18
Sep 18
Jun 18
Sep 18
609.26 (+5.27)
Morningstar Long/Short Commod 4333.62 (+34.20)
� 2017 Tradeweb Markets LLC. All rights reserved.
The Tradeweb FTSE Gilt Closing Prices information contained
herein is proprietary to Tradeweb; may not be copied or
re-distributed; is not warranted to be accurate, complete or timely; and does not constitute
investment advice. Tradeweb is not responsible for any loss or damage that might result
from the use of this information.
ICE Futures
Sep
Oct
70.38-70.33
69.80-69.75
Volume: 1445752
1737-1725
1757-1756
1772-1765
1769-1767
1771-1750
1771-1727
Jul
Sep
Dec
1800-1737
1788-1710
1788-1611
LIFFE
Cocoa
May
Jul
Sep
Dec
Mar
May
RobustaCoffee
May
Jul
Sep
Nov
1715-1714
1742-1741
1732-1723
1797-1724
Reuters
644.50-607.50
638.50-638.25
633.25-633.00
Volume: 62302
Jan
Mar
1736-1729
1745-1740
Volume: 17619
White Sugar (FOB)
Gas Oil
Apr
May
May
72.10-72.09
71.48-71.46
70.95-70.74
Jul
Aug
629.25-628.75
627.00-626.50
Volume: 651610
May
Aug
Oct
350.90-348.30
337.40-337.00
334.60-332.20
Dec
Mar
May
Aug
338.70-335.90
345.20-343.10
350.00-348.50
355.00-353.00
Volume: 36825
the times | Friday April 13 2018
49
1G M
Markets Business
DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS/AFP/GETTY IMAGES
Micro move alters the big
picture for software group
Miles Costello Market report
E
lliott Advisors is on the
move ? again. As
speculation mounted that
the aggressive New Yorkbased hedge fund had built a
position in Micro Focus International,
the FTSE 100 software group, it
emerged that Elliott had offloaded its
entire stake in Game Digital, the
hardware and software retailer it first
invested in six years ago.
The shares in Micro Focus, which
have tumbled steadily since the
software group cut its revenue
outlook earlier in the year, spiked by
more than 10 per cent after a report
by Bloomberg that Elliott had
accumulated an as yet undisclosed
holding and would be pressing for
change at the company.
The shares jumped so much that
(Gurpreet Narwan
writes).
When the chain of
large toy shops failed in
February, Moorfields,
the insolvency
specialist, began selling
off its stock.
Moorfields said
yesterday that all Toys
R Us?s remaining 75
stores will close on
April 24, with 2,054
employees set to be
Toys R Us
stores reach
close of play
T
oys R Us will shut
its final stores in
just under two
weeks, resulting in the
loss of more than 2,000
jobs, its administrators
have confirmed
made redundant. It
was one of the most
high-profile retail
casualties in the first
quarter of the year
owing to rising costs,
online competition and
fragile consumer
confidence. Founded in
the US, it opened its
first shop in Britain in
1985 and became one
of the country?s largest
sellers of toys.
Results in brief
Name
Pre-tax figure
Profit (+) loss (-)
C4X Discovery (health HY)
Central Asia Metals (resources FY)
City Pub Group (leisure FY)
Destiny Pharma (health FY)
Patagonia Gold (resources FY)
Saga (retailing FY)
Smith (WH) (retailing HY)
-�5m (-�9m)
$49.8m ($33.6m)
-�2m (�6m)
-�2m (-�5m)
$10.2m ($2.2m)
�8.7m (�3.3m)
�m (�m)
Dividend
nil
16.5p f 10p p May 25
2.25p p Jun 30
nil
nil
9p f 6p p Jun 29
16p p Aug 2
6 Results in brief are given for all companies valued at more than � million. f = final p = payable
The day?s biggest movers
Change
Company
Greene King Sticks to annual profits forecast despite weak recent trading
Greencore Investors turn positive after recent weakness
Dunelm Group Improved underlying sales revenues in the third quarter
First Group Interest after takeover bid rejected
Man Group Strong inflows boost assets under management
Ocado Downgraded by JP Morgan
Hays Weaker UK and Ireland fee income
Auto Trader Downgraded by Exane BNP Paribas
Pets at Home Morgan Stanley cuts price target
Sirius Minerals Shareholders worry about being diluted by convertible bond
London Grain Futures
LIFFE Wheat (close �/t)
May
146.60 Jul
147.35
Jan
unq Mar
unq
Gold/Precious
metals (US dollars per ounce)
Nov
146.50
Volume: 944
London Metal Exchange
15mth
6787.0-6788.0
n/a
Lead ($/tonne)
2332.0-2333.0
2331.0-2332.0
n/a
Zinc Spec Hi Gde ($/tonne)
3113.0-3115.0
3112.0-3113.0
20875.0-20900.0
n/a
20535.0-20585.0
Alum Hi Gde ($/tonne)
2219.5-2220.5
2211.0-2212.0
2280.0-2285.0
Nickel ($/tonne)
13580.0-13585.0
Close $1337.86-1338.31 High $1352.88
After President Trump hinted that a
military strike on Syria might not be
imminent US markets rose strongly
before the start of the first-quarter
earnings season today. The Dow
Jones industrial average rose
293.60 points to close at 24,483.05.
they were temporarily suspended.
They still closed 7.6 per cent better, up
88絧 at �.59 once trading was
resumed, even though Elliott declined
to comment on the report.
Micro Focus is based in Newbury,
Berkshire and specialises in
prolonging the life of companies?
legacy software systems. It warned in
February that its revenues for the first
half would be lower than expected
after staff at the Hewlett Packard
Enterprise software group it bought
in the US had headed for the exit in
large numbers.
Elliott is run by the hedge fund
billionaire Paul Singer and specialises
in taking stakes in companies that it
believes are underperforming and
agitating, often publicly, for change.
It also emerged that Elliott had
sold its 36.5 per cent stake in
Game Digital and its board
representative, James Shinehouse,
had gone. Elliott has been gradually
selling its stake in Game since it
relisted on the market in 2014. Game,
n/a
Interbank Rates
Finance House 1.0
ECB Refi 0.00
US Fed Fd 1.25-1.50
2 mth
3 mth
6 mth
12 mth
0.5134
0.6306
0.7684
0.8821
1.0415
Clearer CDs
0.60-0.50
0.70-0.60
0.83-0.73
1.00-0.85
1.18-1.03
Depo CDs
0.60-0.50
0.70-0.60
0.83-0.73
1.00-0.85
1.18-1.03
Palladium $967.50 (�9.61)
Eurodollar Deps
1.87-2.07
1.99-2.19
2.29-2.49
2.44-2.64
2.68-2.88
European money
deposits %
Sterling spot and forward rates
Silver $16.55 (�.62)
Currency
1mth
3mth
6mth
12mth
0.13
0.20
0.29
0.55
0.51
0.77
0.88
1.04
0.10
0.15
0.20
0.50
Dollar
Sterling
Mkt Rates for
Copenhagen
Euro
Montreal
New York
Oslo
Stockholm
Tokyo
Zurich
plan, part of its efforts
to tidy up its balance
sheet, after the
market closed on
Wednesday, so
investors could only
respond yesterday.
It invited the
holders of convertible
bonds, issued as
Range
8.5297-8.6103
1.1566-1.1458
1.7827-1.7947
1.4146-1.4246
10.996-11.115
11.790-12.014
151.17-152.86
1.3577-1.3712
Close
8.5998-8.6048
1.1554-1.1553
1.7921-1.7922
1.4236-1.4236
11.082-11.084
11.991-12.001
152.74-152.75
1.3700-1.3703
1 month
79ds
7pr
12pr
18pr
32pr
111ds
9ds
16ds
Premium = pr
3 month
269ds
26pr
36pr
57pr
85pr
369ds
35ds
54ds
Discount = ds
Australia
Canada
Denmark
Euro
Hong Kong
Japan
Malaysia
Norway
Singapore
Sweden
Switzerland
Exchange rates
1.2887-1.2888
1.2589-1.2590
6.0423-6.0433
0.8115-0.8116
7.8500-7.8505
107.30-107.30
3.8691-3.8741
7.7846-7.7864
1.3123-1.3126
8.4264-8.4278
0.9623-0.9627
Other Sterling
Argentina peso
Australia dollar
Bahrain dinar
Brazil real
Euro
Hong Kong dollar
India rupee
Indonesia rupiah
Kuwait dinar KD
Malaysia ringgit
New Zealand dollar
Singapore dollar
S Africa rand
U A E dirham
part of a big
financing package
that also involved a
�0 million shares
placing in late 2016,
to ?exercise their
conversion rights?. It
also offered a top-up
amount in cash as the
shares they would
receive would be at
below their current
market value.
The bonds,
originally due to
convert into shares in
2023, paid an interest
rate to holders of
8.5 per cent. It is
expected that
bondholders wanting
to convert will discuss
a price with Sirius
over the next couple
of days.
investors that it had taken a small
stake in Norwegian Air and was
mulling an offer. IAG dipped 7p to
608絧 because of the potential cost.
Big fallers included ITV, the
commercial broadcaster, off 7紁 to
143p as the shares traded without the
right to receive the latest dividend.
Miners fell on dropping commodity
prices and as potential victims of an
international trade war. Randgold
Resources dropped 184p to �.92
and Fresnillo lost 19p to �.66�.
On the FTSE 250, Greene King
jumped 63p to 528p as the pubs group
stuck to its annual profits guidance
despite bad weather hitting sales over
the past 12 weeks.
Dunelm put on 46p to 570p as the
homeware retailer reported a rise in
underlying revenues in its third
quarter and a surge in online sales.
In reverse gear, Pets at Home fell
8p to 156絧, after Morgan Stanley cut
its price target on retailer from 145p
to 125p and stated its ?underweight?
recommendation.
Dollar rates
Clearing Banks: 0.50
1 mth
Krugerrand $1324.00-1396.00 (�0.03-980.61)
Shares in Sirius, which
found potash in North
Yorkshire, were down
founded in 1992, operated stores
including Future Zone, but ran into
difficulty after a big games distributor
limited its terms of credit. It went into
administration in 2012 and relisted
after a restructuring.
Institutional investors bought
Elliott?s shares and Sports Direct
International, the sportswear retailer,
is now its largest holder with about
25 per cent, according to Reuters.
In the wider market, shares rose as
bids and deals and some strong
trading updates helped traders shake
off worries about international trade
tensions and a potential military
attack on Syria.
The FTSE 100 closed 1.2 points
higher at 7,258.34 and the FTSE 250
index ended up 117.97 points at
19,772.93.
Tesco added 7緋 to 233紁 on the
back of strong growth in annual
profits and sales posted this week.
Easyjet, up 51絧 at �.61, was
boosted as IAG, a rival airline that
operates British Airways, told
Treasury Bills (Dis) Buy: 1 mth 0.260; 3 mth 0.430. Sell: 1 mth 0.489; 3 mth 0.574
Euro
13645.0-13650.0
Wall Street report
Halifax Mortgage Rate 3.99
Bullion: Open $1352.79
Tin ($/tonne)
20990.0-21000.0
Base Rates
Platinum $933.00 (�5.38)
Copper Gde A ($/tonne)
6755.0-6756.0
S
irius Minerals
plumbed a fourweek low as
shareholders took
fright at a plan by the
potash miner to get
the holders of
$400 million worth of
bonds that convert
into equity to cash
them in five years
early.
Shares in the
miner, which has a
�2 billion project to
tap into potash
deposits under the
North York Moors,
fell more than 7 per
cent or 2紁 to 28p as
existing shareholders
reacted with horror to
the prospect of their
stakes being diluted.
Sirius detailed its
Money rates %
AM $1345.90 PM $1341.35
3mth
Preaching to the unconverted
Low $1335.40
(Official)
Cash
13.6%
9.0%
8.8%
8.2%
8.0%
-1.8%
-2.6%
-4.8%
-4.9%
-7.2%
natural resources
28.737-28.741
1.8346-1.8347
0.5335-0.5405
4.8224-4.8267
1.1553-1.1554
11.174-11.176
92.951-92.979
19611-19631
0.4261-0.4284
5.5084-5.5155
1.9293-1.9296
1.8674-1.8694
17.144-17.157
5.2310-5.2324
Australia $
Canada $
Denmark Kr
Egypt
Euro �
Hong Kong $
Hungary
Indonesia
Israel Shk
Japan Yen
New Zealand $
Norway Kr
Poland
Russia
S Africa Rd
Sweden Kr
Switzerland Fr
Turkey Lira
USA $
Bank buys Bank sells
2.000
1.740
1.950
1.690
9.170
8.040
n/a
n/a
1.250
1.100
11.970
10.530
392.540
322.950
22475.400
17927.600
5.480
4.680
164.140
142.150
2.160
1.830
11.980
10.360
5.310
4.350
98.720
82.200
18.960
16.060
12.600
11.200
1.500
1.290
6.550
5.600
1.550
1.360
Rates for banknotes and traveller's cheques as
traded by Royal Bank of Scotland plc yesterday
Data as shown is
for information
purposes only. No offer is made by
Morningstar or this publication
550
Friday April 13 2018 | the times
1G M
Business Equity prices
12 month
High Low Company
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
214N
Banking & finance
55
39O 1PMv
47
14
14 ACHPv
14
2178
63K
2W
25N
4
27
1784 Admiral
19K ADVFNv
40
9K 2.7 16.2
?
? 41.1
? -0.3
9 Amedeo Resv
9O
?
? -2.0
1N
?
? -0.2
Y Amphion Innovsv
17N Amryt Pharmav
17X
?
? -2.5
9924O +
85
1.0 87.7
1480
?
45
2.0 45.5
1
?
? -2.5
217X
154
?
? -7.9
13K
303
212W Esure?
213K ?
5W 6.3 12.7
2X
1092V
709Y FBD?
1025K
?
? 11.6
44K Fiskev
82K
?
? 41.2
67
45O Frenkel Toppingv
47Y
?
2.3 29.9
3
8K
?
7.3 -1.7
4040
21
7Y GLI Financev
428
319 Gresham Housev
406
?
?
?
931
815 Gresh Hse Stratv
827K
?
1.8
?
61N Gulf Invest
18N
?
?
93K
1928
74 Hansard Global
1266 Hargreaves L
65O +
330
?
1V 3.3 -5.9
13
2.7 12.7
45
730 Mattioli Woodsv
1X Metal Tigerv
3242 Metro Bank
35V Miton Groupv?
15K ?
2W
? -7.9
512K
434
295
413
172K
454
1X
1715
181O
1197K
340N
1535
?
?
?
?
1.4
4.6
?
5.2
166K
138V Intl Public Pntshp
140V ?
V 4.8 16.7
5K 3.7 22.0
648K
461W Investec
565W +
8V 4.0 11.7
347O
301 Investment Co
318
?
154K
102 IP Group
128V +
1V
105K +
2
9.0
308 Charles Stanley
341
+
2
1.7 20.3
221K Charles Taylor
263
+
346 Chesnara?
413
?
70 City of Lon GpvV
360 City Lon Inv Gp
K Clear Leisurev
1316 Close Bros?
170
K 3.9 20.0
10K 4.7
?
444
?
O
1468
+
7.0
7.0
? -4.8
1K 5.6 11.3
?
? -4.8
10
4.0 11.1
111N CMC Markets
181O +
687K Commerzbk
935Y +
14N
? 55.9
261Y CYBG
304V +
2K
? 17.6
975V Deutsche Bk
1009O +
3W 4.9 10.6
15W 1.6
?
411N
337Y Direct Line Ins?
357K +
4
4.6 11.3
86
81N Downing ONE VCT
81O
?
9.1 66.5
N
?
? -0.7
1V
N Draganfly Invsv#
?
? IRF Euro Fin Inv
1448
1096 Jardine Lyd Th?
1063
+
28
2.3 14.2
815
240
+
4
5.1 12.3
?
484V +
?
V
1234
+
?
14V
2.6 22.5
153K
365 Jarvis Securitiesv
497
?
4.7 15.3
150
631W
440Y Jupiter Fund Mgmt
469V +
1Y 3.6 13.9
2800
170W
124 Just Group
142K +
2Y 2.3
759K
556K Lancashire Hdgs
580
7
+
1.9
4.3
182
?
?
2W Quadrise Fuels Intlv
111X Randall & Quilterv
97 Rasmala PLCv
2302 Rathbone Brs
144N Reddev
? Robeco N/V
38K
25 Leaf Clean Energyv
26
?
? -1.3
?
? Rolinco N/V
40
31 Leeds Groupv
31
?
? 12.4
302W
224X Ryl Bk Scot
276O
N
610
246 Legal & Gen
? Legendary Invsv
269K +
?
3X 5.4
?
741 Liberty Group
741
?
422X Liontrust
560
?
59K
40 Livermore Invsv
42O ?
73
62V Lloyds Bkg Gp
68V +
8.8
? 24.0
1X 5.4 18.1
666K
2420
65K
570K RSA Ins?
1883K S & U
58K Schroder REIT
? 11.6
1V 6.1
7.4
13
2.4 12.5
?
? -0.2
5.6
33
?
0.3 22.0
7005
5580 Daejan
5890
+
10
1.5
30K
?
0.8 36.7
3175
2580 Derwent London
3175
+
38
1.6 33.2
6
6.3
?
772
+
?
V
?
680K +
1817K +
2O ?
? -0.3
17N
10Y Dragon-Ukra Propv
?
264X +
654V +
2385
?
3059 Schroders?
3225
2178 Schroders N/V?
2265
1V 3.9 14.2
2455
1512K Secure Trust Bk
1865
+
?
7N
11
W EQTECv
+
N
6.5
6.4 10.1
112N
64K Foxtons Group
82
?
2.4 21.0
525
1034
20K
622V
48Y
112K
72K
426
132K Titon
188K
285
+
1216 Travis Perkins?
1245
+
1696
104K
1035
600
1V 6.1 18.9
738Y
587K Gr Portland
694
+
5
?
28
609K
434W Hammerson?
520
?
1W 4.7 10.6
59
302K Heath (Samuel)v
465
362
288K Helical Bar
344
8.4
952K
880 Highcroft Invs
925
26
3.0 15.2
560Y
482N HK Land
500N ?
2O 2.8
?
4.3 10.7
292K
200N Ibstock
287W ?
3K 2.6 12.9
22K 4.0 17.5
341K
304K Industrial Multi Pro
317K
?
1O 2.6 25.0
3.8 12.8
O 4.1
537K
+
?
1.1 11.8
2
2.5 52.9
?
4.4 15.8
?
2.9
?
Investment companies
888
969K
271X
124K
1386
769
42
275
984
923
1435
999W
2155
1768W
1478
878
83
389
168K
346
212
499
170
1372K
514
424
63
50K
753
792
3008
143
242K
201
443
246
494
394
779K
816
2786
329
1350
974
338
151O
1415
672
363
108
107
425
109
405K
262
234
158O
273
777
133
750
43
?
1090
1030
1306
1425
201N
900
1210
1797K
174K
225
108Y
842K
273
310K
308
144
212
102
193K
83K
524K
Price
Yld Dis(-)
(p) +/- % or Pm
764 3I Group
892W
203 3i Infrastructure
208K
113O Abrdn Div I&G
121
1235 Aberforth Smlr
1336
667 Alliance
701
34N
28O Arc Cap Hldgsv
241K Athelney Trust
248
625K Baillie Gifford SN
974
749 Bankers
838
1260 BH Global
1370
886O BH Global
964N
1880 BH Macro
1962
1607O BH Macro
1607O
1335K BH Macro
1386K
650 Biotech Growth
692
67K BLK Com Inc?
74
303O BlckREmEur
320K
144 BlckFroInv
160
288K BLK Grt Euro
316K
187 BlackRck Inc & Gwth 198
402K BLK Latin Am
470K
144 BlckRck N Amer Inc? 151
1125 BLK Smlr
1355
393K BlckRck Throgmorton 509
314K BLK Wld Min?
370
27K Blue Plan G&I Uts#
27K
45 Blue Plan Int Fn
47
662 Br Empire Sec
692
680K Brunner
746
2600 Caledonia Inv
2690
114 Candover
116K
193 Charter European
194
178 City Merch Hi Yld
189O
393K City of Lon IT
417
171K Crystal Amber Fdv
210
339Y Dunedin Entp
369
328X Edinburgh Dragon Tr 365
616 Edinburgh IT
659
541K Edin Wwide
757
825 Electra Pte Eq
832K
289 EP Global Opp
304
1182K European Asset
1215
830 European Investment 896
302V F&C Cap&Inc
321
134K F&C Comm Prop
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116K Pressure Techv
1
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105N Primary HlthV
3134Y 2588O Philips El nv
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119K ?
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348 Polypipe Group
676 Oxford Inst
184
570K ?
98O Finsbury Foodv?
307 Panther Securitiesv
116X
93 Northbrdg Indv
? 47.2
345
436K
1138
157K MS Intlv
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121K
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5X PME African Infrav
328
76K Mpac PLCv
25K
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281Y Morgan Advanced
209
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14N Tricornv
184
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37K Transense Techv
333
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80
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198O Melrose?
25K
107V Pac All China Landv
80 Plaza Cent
417 Meggitt?
261V
83K
371K
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2N Equat Palm Oilv
272 North Midland Cons
2146 Persimmon
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278 NewRiver REIT
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912K
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1N
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478K +
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387 James Halsteadv
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289
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7K 2.6
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651K
542
1195
1142 Hill & Smith
592K +
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257
63.5
31.4
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42.5
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408O
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259O +
2689
26
22O Sharev
117K
69 Sigma Capv
11W
11N Sosanderv
1030 St James Place? 1082K
685Y Stand Chart?
733
354K Strd Life Aber
377
2V
2V Starvestv
55K
33 STM Groupv
2448 Sun Life Can
2879V
4
3O Tau Capitalv
1489 TBC Bank Group
1788
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23K
23K TISO Blackstar Gpv
439Y TP ICAP?
455N
3O
1W Trading Emissnsv
8K UltimateSportsv
18K
258V Virgin Money Plc?
265N
975
630 Volverev
124
119 WH Irelandv
37 Walker Crips Grp
38
3542W Wells Fargo
3695K
1569W Westpac
1578N
18K
5O Zoltav Resourcev
19524O Zurich Fincl
22432V
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3K 2.1
224K C&C Grp
3337
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118
262K
1270K
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5
59K
3090O
4X
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553K
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332X
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267K
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439W +
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101
338N
W
Price
Yld Dis(-)
(p) +/- % or Pm
V Agriterrav
29K Aireav?
705N Anglo-Eastern
545
12 month
High Low Company
1N ABACO CAPITALv
608
1530 Goodwin
Consumer goods
1K
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294N GKN?
1539
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?
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817 Workspace Grp
505 Wynnstay Propsv
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284K Fenner
2125
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270 Town Centre
4K
463
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613K
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70K
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27K
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61O Speymill Macauv
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7V Elektronv
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760K +
122Y Hansteen Hldgs
142N +
36K SigmaRocv
105K Smart (J)
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1V Feedbackv
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685 Grafton Gp Uts
115
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+
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841K
145K
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607W +
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2K 2.4 13.6
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474V SEGRO?
40K Croma Securityv
78
19K 1.4 18.6
13K Steppe Cementv
9.7 18.4
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11K
525 Stewart & Wight
4
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23
18
1K
507K +
11K Secure Propertyv
525
+
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391N Safestore
842 Savills?
332V St Modwen Prp
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1.0 21.7
2587N 2116N Electrolux 'B'
710
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2
1.7
570 Gleeson (MJ)
8.3
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118K ?
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52 Safelandv
315
1
342K
57K
61K
238K Urban&Civic plc
62K ?
285 Cohortv
118K
498 Dialight
325
48K Fletcher Kingv
462K
640 Dewhurstv
807
71
?
9.5
1098
622 Unite Group?
7.0
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1200
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118O ?
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2.8
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5
528 Redrow?
289 Tyman
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604K ?
664K
382
W
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49K
4
4.9
145K ?
44 First Propv
1
62 Chamberlinv
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139K Tritax Big Box REIT
58
213K +
?
151W
?
16
163K Chemring Group?
55K
800 Galliford Try
59Y +
2695
1N
+
213K
21
802
? -6.6
10
2489O
5O
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176K
34N +
1502
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?
171O ?
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142K
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+
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6 Dolphin Capitalv
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4W
7O
17O 9.8
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3773
2.6 34.6
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31K
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4K
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52 Real Estate Invsv?
182
1
1K ?
1613 Prudential?
95X ?
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31K RDI REIT
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5.9
130K ?
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
?
21 Raven Russia Wnts
1055
1.9 13.6
42O ?
63
?
2.6
117K
12 month
High Low Company
40K
6.8
?
130K Raven Russia CRP
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
27N
0.8
15
115N Raven R CNV Pref
42K Raven Russia
154K
V 6.2
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1V Plutus PowerGenv
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3 Polo Resourcesv
588 Provident
6.6
81
2X
? 21.0
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724 Phoenix Gp Hldgs?
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3W 0.5
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3265
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438O Crest Nicholson
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6.5 12.0
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636K
2338 CRH?
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1K
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7V 4.5 11.2
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76 Park Groupv
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36K ?
489O +
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83
295
403Y Paragon
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78W Countrywide
? PLUS Marketsv
625
82290W
9O Carecapitalv
70K Clarke T
9.3
10
+
232V Craven Housev
22N PCF Groupv
88 Cenkos Secsv
54
1740
184N
30 Phaunos Timber
122
93N
50N Cap & Regnl
1625 Cardiff Prop
460O
36W
3.6
61K
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N 16.1
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270Y +
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1.4 25.8
45N ?
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103K Caledonian Tstv
253 Cap & Count Prop
1V
3
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324O
381V +
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1V Origo Partnersv
161K
40
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653
362O Onesavings Bank?
823K +
54X
1503
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470N
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1887K +
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590K Br Land?
258Y Countryside Properties 353
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1810 Brooks Macv?
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78N
186K CLS Hldgs?
90
2582
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1Y
3480
74X Breedon Groupv
1178
371K
1088
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691K
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5.5 19.2
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1K 3.1 14.5
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13O Braveheart Invv
92K
+
6
318W Brewin Dolphin
1.8 27.2
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231N Numisv
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19
66
376
558 NEX Group
681K +
393
5770O +
1000
380
620O HSBC
157K IPF?
876 Bovis Homes?
1004
796
240W
1213
1740
1525
252
?
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197K BP Marsh&Ptnrsv
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712K Intermediate Cap
297K ?
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229O Boot (Henry)
41O
462
82K Impaxv
267
347
250K
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209K
217K Billington Hldgsv
7.6
7.6
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3.7
297K
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1K 2.9 30.1
4
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3.7 16.7
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14
13K +
1N 1.3
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2.1 11.8
189K +
168K ?
110
1K 1.7 32.2
3.0 11.7
237O +
274K +
14
?
152K Oakley Cap Invsv?
260K Hastings Gp
+
895
188 Old Mutual?
105 Helios Underv
?
722 Big Yellow Group
173K
325
582
900
257O
167K
3492
1.0 28.2
1871Y 1550X Nat Aust Bk
452K Banco Santander
427 Beazley
8
1W 11.3 15.9
3O 9.1 11.8
1117 Hiscox
861
178Y Barclays
3226 BGEO Group
?
13K 1.7 36.0
7K 4.2 33.7
? Highway Capital#
Y Marechale Capv
532
582
52
78V +
509K +
?
7O Manx Finv
224X
3868
124K
7.0
51N
1703K +
1462V ?
? -7.2
144W Man
6142W 5135O Marsh McLn
82K
268 H&T Groupv
N
8.0
3.5
3172 Lond Stk Ex Gp 4238
66O
40N +
3.8
13
4238
367Y
40N AXA Property Tr
9
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3.6 10.6
? -2.1
486K Aviva?
?
3883
?
? 13.5
1809N 1457N Aus New Z
3191
3093 Berkeley
67
?
2.7
2727 Bellway
4240
65 El Oro
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4O 4.3 18.3
3792
70
2V
385W +
6.1
? -0.4
? Location Sciences Groupv?
145 EPE Special Oppsv
12 month
High Low Company
?
?
334
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
?
42K LMS Capital
? -6.0
43K
14O Argo Groupv
5.7
12 month
High Low Company
?
57V
?
2 Arc Mineralsv
332N Ashmore Gp
3K 11.7
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
18N
1 Energiser Invv
196X +
12 month
High Low Company
18N EIHv
2K
149X EFG-Hermes Hldg
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
20N
32 Arden Partnersv
18K
62V
1905K +
8.4
? 70.0
?
433V
542
1.0
1K
1562K 1245 Arbuthnot Bkgv
2X
1
?
1N Ambrianv#
10887W 8438V Aon Corpn
54
+
12 month
High Low Company
?
?
4O 1.3 62.4
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2
?
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0.3 54.7
67V 3.5 23.9
1
? 18.5
11X
?
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5V
?
? -8.3
2K
? -1.0
N
? -4.4
29K ?
3K +
34K
?
?
? -2.8
the times | Friday April 13 2018
51
1G M
Equity prices Business
12 month
High Low Company
8108 5624 Reckitt Benck?
1
X Sareum Hldgsv
4852 2953K Shire?
245K 72Y Silence Therapv
34O 18X Sinclair Pharmav
1431 1215 Smith & Neph?
361
206 Spire Hcare
242K 142K Summit Corpv
417K 280 Swallowfieldv
27
6Y Synairgenv
16
5X Tissue Regenixv
240
84 Tiziana Lifev
317K 187K Tristelv?
959
694 UDG Healthcare
7X
Y ValiRxv
155
68W Vectura Grp
25
2Y Vernalisv
197K 102K Verona Pharmav
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
6036
O
3685K
170
18X
1326
223V
185
310
13
8O
84
280
864
2Y
90K
3X
152K
? 114
?
+ 96
+
K
+
N
+ 3
+ 3V
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?
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+ 9
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+ 2K
+
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2.6
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0.6
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1.7
1.7
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1.6
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1.4
1.0
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12.7
33.0
10.7
?
-3.7
20.4
33.8
?
17.3
-4.2
-6.0
-8.8
34.4
40.2
-0.3
?
-0.4
-6.5
12 month
High Low Company
5X
136K
56O
81O
8533K
10772Y
421
4X
10
176K
90
4655
2Y
1947K
317
819O
2V
72
?
4858K
3313O
3503
2130
126
141K
515K
558K
748V
24N
35821W
513
4432V
3V
45K
2730
647K
562
61 Accsys Tech
6958N BASF
7817V Bayer DM50
104 Biome Techv
2X Byotrolv
8K Camb Gbl Timberv
89K Cloudcall Groupv
60O Coats Grp
3492 Croda
1X Cronin Gpv
1395 Cropper (James)v
259 Elementis
685 Evans (M.P.)v
1N Hardidev
46X Inspiration Healthv
? Intl Ferro Metals#
4292X Jardine Math
2693X Jardine Strat
2727 Johnson Math
1693 Mondi
105 Plastics Capitalv
75K Robinsonv
366 Scapav
418O Smith (DS)?
656O Swire Pacific
9O Symph Environv
33419N Syngenta
460 Synthomer
3271X Takeda Pharm
Y TyraTech Incv
9K Velocysv
1832 Victrex
405 Wynnstay Groupv?
281O Zotefoams
74X
7265X
8524Y
360
2Y
9X
161K
79K
4647
2V
1437K
296O
725
1K
49K
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4321V
2726V
3270
1907
105
75K
457W
490K
708W
24N
35821W
497V
3271X
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10
2650
422K
562
+
V
+ 83Y
+ 129O
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+
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+ 13N
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2.8
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1.6
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0.8
2.2
2.6
1.3
7.2
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3.1
2.9
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3.6
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2.8
1.0
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12.3
25.7
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18.9
25.9
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25.8
16.7
24.1
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37.5
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5.8
5.1
16.6
15.5
13.6
14.5
32.4
24.1
6.4
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41.3
23.0
20.6
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22.8
13.2
43.0
245 DCD Mediav
559
17
5
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4.5
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4.8
160
68 Exillon Energy
1
3.1
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126
75K Faroe Petrolv
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5.7
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52K
1
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12 Dods Gpv
13K
?
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123K
66 Ebiquityv?
67K +
1K 1.5 15.0
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329W
216 Entertainmnt One
1346
1035 Euromoney In Inv
430
169 Future
617K
477K GlobalDatav?
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280O +
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8
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+
396
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4
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89K Gocompare.com
116V +
435
317K IG Design Grpv
424K +
2
19 Immedia Grpv
27K
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7N
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2.3
34K
7N Ind News&Med
761
634K Informa
723O +
195N
148V ITE Group
148V +
219K
142W ITV?
142Y ?
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1.0 27.5
3O 2.6 28.9
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21K Jaywingv
21K ?
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890
556K Just Eat
729O +
18K
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35K
?
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47K
18 Live Company Gpv
12 month
High Low Company
?
14O
? -6.3
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uAIM company; # Price at suspension;
? Ex dividend; ? Ex scrip; sEx rights issue;
t Ex all; � Ex capital distribution; * figures
or report awaited; . . . No significant data.
Companies in bold are constituents of the
FTSE 100 Index. Investment Cos sector Nav
Dis or Prm supplied by Morningstar.
Data as shown is
for information
purposes only. No offer is made by
Morningstar or this publication
the times | Friday April 13 2018
53
1G M
Anarchic art dealer with
a nose for junk shop gems
William Drummond
Page 54
Register
Obituaries
Franck Bauer
Wartime broadcaster who studied architecture under the Nazi Albert Speer and was later the voice of the Free French on Radio Londres
AFP/GETTY IMAGES
At 8.30pm every evening between
1940 and 1944, millions of people in
Nazi-occupied France would cautiously tune their wirelesses to a forbidden
frequency. After a familiar burst of
music, they heard words that became
an almost legendary beacon of
hope: ?Ici Londres! Les Fran鏰is parlent
aux Fran鏰is.? The notes were the
opening four of Beethoven?s Fifth
Symphony, sounding ?V for Victory?
in Morse code. The voice belonged to
Franck Bauer.
Radio Londres was the wartime
French service of the BBC. It was set up
and staffed by members of Charles de
Gaulle?s Free French forces with the
aim of counteracting propaganda
spread by the German broadcaster
Radio Paris.
The Germans had also set up a fake
Radio Londres and so one guarantee
of the authenticity of the real one was
the recognisability of its presenters?
tones. The Milice ? the Vichy French
militia ? were known to put their ears
to doors to see if they could catch
people listening, so many did so hiding
under a tablecloth.
In 1941 Bauer, who was 22 and had
escaped to London after France fell,
was recruited to the station by one of its
small team, the painter and journalist
Jean Oberl�. They met when Bauer was
playing jazz piano in a club. He was
approved by de Gaulle?s spokesman
Maurice Schumann, who was later
France?s foreign minister, and became
one of the five announcers.
With colleagues such as Pierre Dac
and Jacques Duchesne, whose voices
would become similarly well known
(under aliases) to French audiences,
Bauer contributed to the distinctive
content of the daily transmission,
which included not just news but also
sketches and songs designed to lift
morale.
For instance, a parody of the French
Academy, the institution that safeguards the French language, reported
how it had given words new definitions
under German rule. The meaning of
?ration? was now ?the occupier?s
leftovers? and ?freedom? was ?a word
temporarily removed?.
As letters began to be smuggled from
France, Bauer realised the vital role
that the programme was playing. ?We
played our part by holding the French
people?s hand, as it were,? he remarked,
?helping them and sustaining them.?
Bauer could well recall the occasions
on which he had had to cue in
de Gaulle, the embodiment of a free
France, before he made one of his
frequent broadcasts on the programme.
?He would sit down, put his gloves
in his kepi and I?d give him a microphone check,? he said. ?He had this
formal, assured timbre to his voice:
?La Fraaance!? ?
Seventy-five years on, Bauer could
also remember some of the coded
messages that he had had to read out
on the air, instructions to the Resistance from the Special Operations
Executive (SOE).
Among these were ?Le crabe va rencontrer les serpents? (The crab will
meet the snakes) and ?Le cheval envoie
ses voeux � Polydore, sa filleule et ses
amis? (The horse sends his wishes to
Polydore, his godchild and his friends).
Franck Bauer at the microphone of Radio Londres during the Second World War. Below: aged 90 in Paris in 2009
Famously, the signal that D-Day was
imminent was a few lines from the poet
Paul Verlaine?s Chanson d?automne.
?Les sanglots longs / des violons / de
l?automne? (The long sobs of the violins
of autumn) was broadcast on June 1,
1944, while on June 5 came the next
?We played our part
by holding the French
people?s hand, as it were?
lines, indicating that the invasion
would begin in the next 48 hours:
?Blessent mon coeur / d?une langueur /
monotone? (Wound my heart with a
monotonous languor).
By then, having introduced the transmission more than 500 times, Bauer
had resigned. He did not wish to be seen
as endorsing de Gaulle?s manoeuvrings
against General Henri Giraud, the
French military commander in North
Africa, with which he did not agree.
Nevertheless, in later life he
attributed France?s liberation in great
measure to the future president, and
in 2009 unveiled a plaque in Paris
honouring de Gaulle?s broadcast in
1940 from London urging the French
to rally to him. The next year, as the last
survivor of the Radio Londres team,
he accompanied President Sarkozy to
Britain for the commemorations of the
70th anniversary of that appeal.
On hearing of his death, President
Macron hailed Bauer on Twitter as a
symbol of the Resistance who would
not be forgotten. The epitaph that
Bauer chose for his grave reads simply:
?Un Fran鏰is libre?.
Franck Bauer was born in 1918 in
Troyes, southeast of Paris, into a family
with its roots in Alsace. His father was
an architect specialising in restoring
historic buildings and by the age of
15 Franck had decided to follow the
same profession.
Accordingly, in 1933 he went to
Germany as an intern in the practice of
Albert Speer, Hitler?s favourite architect. Franck returned convinced by
what he had seen that war was coming
and that France would be lost. He and
his father subsequently worked on
Germany?s pavilion for the 1937 World
Fair in Paris, which was designed by
Speer, before being ordered to stop by
the government.
Franck then studied architecture at
the 蒫ole nationale sup閞ieure des
Beaux-Arts in Paris. After the German
invasion in 1940, however, he and his
sister D閚ise set off on their bicycles for
the south. She injured her knee and
could not go on, so he arrived alone
in Bordeaux, where he caught a ship
crammed with Polish troops. It managed to evade German dive bombers
and sailed to Liverpool.
Since hearing the music of Ray
Ventura, the uncle of Sacha Distel,
Bauer had been smitten by jazz. He had
learnt to play piano and drums, had
jammed in the clubs of Saint-Germain
with Django Reinhardt and after writing to Louis Armstrong had been invited to visit him if he came to New York.
After joining the Free French, he
was sent on a secret mission to
Brittany, and then to North America as a spy to conduct counterintelligence work for the Free
French naval forces of Admiral
蒻ile Muselier. He took the opportunity to meet Armstrong, who
introduced him to Charlie
Parker, Dizzy Gillespie
and the like. Once back
in London Bauer
played with the violinist St閜hane Grappelli and later started
a jazz programme,
Radio Swing Club.
On
leaving
Radio Londres,
he was sent to
newly liberated
Madagascar
to
organise wireless
programmes. He
managed to get himself sent to Normandy not long after D-Day, landing at
the Mulberry harbour at Arromanches
and working for French army radio.
In the postwar years, at the start of a
career that was to have many facets, he
became a war correspondent for AFP,
the French press agency, reporting
from the Philippines and Indochina. He
was then appointed, in 1947, chief of
staff to Pierre Bourdan, minister for
youth and the arts, who he knew from
Radio Londres. Afterwards, he served
until 1953 as adviser to Eug鑞e Claudius-Petit, the minister of reconstruction.
Simultaneously, he was secretarygeneral of France?s most prestigious
state-run theatre, the Com閐ie-Fran鏰ise, which during his time hosted
Charlie Chaplin and Orson Welles,
among others. Nor did Bauer neglect
his jazz, organising Paris?s first postwar
festival of the music, providing many
with their first exposure to the new
bebop sound.
Having spent a year in New York
learning about public relations, he
founded Franck Bauer & Associ閟 in
the 1950s, the first PR firm in France. It
became the French affiliate of Hill &
Knowlton, the vast US consultancy,
and soon garnered clients such as
Procter & Gamble. A later coup of
Bauer?s was organising the initial visit
to America by Concorde, the AngloFrench supersonic aircraft that was
undergoing trials at the time.
Bauer was married briefly after an
affair that began and ended shortly
after the war. Her name was Monique
Fichter. He later married Marie-France
Crochet, his brother-in-law?s niece,
who had been his assistant in the firm
and eventually became head of public
relations for the Le M閞idien hotel
group. Although they too divorced,
they had two sons: C閐ric, who is a
specialist in digital security for a bank,
and Axel, who is a celebrated singer and
musician. One of Axel?s early memories
is of sitting on Oscar Peterson?s knee
while he played piano at their home.
Bauer later taught at the Sorbonne,
was commissar of the French pavilion
at the 1967 Expo in Montreal and a
consultant to the project to build Euro
Disney. He adored theme parks and
built a small one in central France.
Indeed, he retained a certain childish
delight in the world all his life
? he could be much too
extravagant with money
? as he did an attitude of
living for the moment that
he had imbibed during
the Blitz.
Even approaching his
centenary, he retained his
love for all forms of
music, and his sense of
humour. Asked by his
nurse how he was, he
replied with a smile: ?I
feel like a has-been.?
Franck Bauer,
wartime broadcaster,
PR pioneer and
theatre manager,
was born on
July 2, 1918.
He died on
April 6, 2018,
aged 99
554
1G M
Friday April 13 2018 | the times
Register
William Drummond
Gently anarchic art dealer with a talent for sniffing out junk shop gems who employed a young Sarah Ferguson as his assistant
William Drummond was an art dealer
to whom discoveries happened, or, as
he put it, things ?manifested themselves?. One weekend in 1964 he found
a print of a giant sitting on a hillside in
the shilling box outside a junk shop on
Kings Road in Chelsea. He had recently
been to a Goya exhibition and this had
Goya written on the mount. He took it
home and pinned it to the wall to enjoy,
until he happened to mention it to a
friend, Richard Day of Sotheby?s prints
and drawings department. It was
recognised as an impression of Goya?s
rare El Coloso and sold to the Boston
Fine Arts Museum for �,000 (about
�0,000 today). With that Drummond bought his first house, once the
Dulwich home of David Cox, the 19thcentury watercolourist.
Although their background was not
particularly artistic his father occasionally bought pictures at the Royal Academy, and Bill and his elder brothers
gravitated to the art trade. Nick and
Bill became picture dealers. David, the
eldest, opened Pleasures of Past Times,
the secondhand bookshop specialising
in theatre in Cecil Court, off Charing
Cross Road in central London.
Nick?s boyhood interests were drawing and numismatics, and he would
cycle around the junk shops of Crystal
Palace and Dulwich, sometimes with
Bill and his prep school friend Jim Sellick. Sellick?s parents were avid collectors and when Bill found a horse portrait by John Nott Sartorius, he sold it
to them for � At the same time Bill ran
a black market in sweet coupons at
Dulwich College in southeast London,
which he financed by selling Nick?s
copies of Leonardo drawings. On one
occasion he bought a suitcase full of old
spectacles of various shapes and colours and irritated the teacher by getting
the entire class to wear a different pair
every day. Elegantly colourful spectacles became a life-long trademark, as
did bright red socks.
William Drummond was born in
1934, the youngest son of John Neill
Drummond, a director of Pickfords
the hauliers, and Jeanne Alice (n閑
Pell), who was of partly French descent.
Schooling was disrupted by the Blitz,
and his progress was erratic. He was
hyperactive; art and sport had greater
appeal than more academic subjects
and he represented Surrey as a runner.
After the Dulwich headmaster warned
that ?if your son doesn?t improve, I shall
have to ask him to leave?, he was transferred to Dean Close in Cheltenham.
There he explored the Cotswolds on his
bicycle, gaining a love of church architecture. He also discovered a junk shop
run by Teddy Raymond, who had once
bought a walled-up cellar full of port.
Bill would join him for a glass and a bag
of chips during lunch breaks.
He left school for National Service in
the East Surrey Regiment. He failed to
gain a commission, but was appointed
to the post of corporal and sent to the
Suez Canal Zone. Afterwards as a reservist he joined the London Scottish
Regiment, which he greatly enjoyed.
His father helped him to a place with
a City insurance broker, which he enjoyed less, although it gave him the
chance to see works of art. Lunch hours
might be spent in mudlarking for clay
pipes in the Thames at Queenhithe.
Later, even when besuited in the West
Fergie announced she
was working for him
before he offered the job
End, he was a keen skip-diver, securing
such diverse prizes as a pair of 18thcentury candlesticks, and much-needed electric fans during heatwaves.
In 1956 he found a job with Sidney
Sabin, a picture dealer in Cork Street,
Mayfair. There he honed his eye and acquired a bank of contacts and clients,
charming academics and collectors
with his curiosity, lightly worn knowledge and gently anarchic wit. Among
those who bought from him were Drue
Heinz (obituary, April 2, 2018), Paul
Mellon and Jackie Kennedy. ?She was
always interested and knowledgeable,?
Drummond said of Mrs Kennedy, ?but
the thing I most remember about her is
her extremely long, thin feet.??
He had as keen an eye for an attractive woman as for a fine drawing, and
when Sabin would not offer enough to
secure Nina Preston, a would-be gallery
assistant, Drummond made up her
wage from his own. They married in
1960 and their daughters, Sadie and
Dido, were encouraged to look at everything with curiosity. They would go on
to take a rather bohemian approach to
William Drummond at the Garrick Club below a portrait of Kitty Clive by Verelst
regular employment. On them, with
their cousin Harriet, the senior director
for British art on paper at Christie?s, falls
the task of sorting out his remaining
accumulations. He and Nina divorced
in 1990; she predeceased him.
Sabin would not make him a partner,
so Drummond opened the Covent Garden Gallery in 1976, offering pictures to
collectors of all pocket-lengths. At the
Grosvenor House fairs his stand was
crammed with interesting things,
priced on labels written in brown ink.
He also made his own mounts. In 1986
he cofounded the annual World of
Drawings fair at the Park Lane Hotel.
Among the applicants to be his gallery assistant was a vivacious redhead.
Before he had made his choice he ran
into a fellow dealer who said: ?I hear
that Fergie?s coming to work for you.?
Drummond had not told her any such
thing, but thought it showed spirit and
so he employed Sarah Ferguson, the
future Duchess of York. He found her
?unbelievably efficient, helpful, outgo-
ing and thoughtful. She even managed
to make me eat, which is quite a feat.?
A discovery at that time was a dirty
little oil landscape that his brother Nick
bought for � in a job lot at Bonhams
and sold to him at a suitable mark-up. It
had a faint inscription on the back
pointing to Brightwell, a Suffolk hamlet
near the home of his parents-in-law. He
thought it might make a good present.
After cleaning, its quality became
evident, but not its authorship. He and
Nina found the spot where it had been
painted and glanced into the church
that appears in the distance. There they
found a framed article from an 1829
copy of The Gentleman?s Magazine
which mentions that the writer had a
watercolour of Brightwell, copied from
an oil painting by John Constable.
Drummond?s panel was quite unlike
Constable?s loosely painted little oil
sketches, being fully finished. However,
at the London Library he found a Constable letter referring to a commission
at Brightwell. Eventually in 1980 he
took it to the Tate on his scooter with a
dossier of supporting evidence. After an
excruciatingly long examination Leslie
Parris, the authority at the time, told
him: ?We could do with a Constable like
this in our collection.? It was bought for
almost �0,000 (about �0,000 today). Research has revealed that the
two tiny dots on the road are probably
the smallest identifiable figures painted: the Rev Mr Barnwell, who commissioned it, and the blacksmith?s son who
watched Constable at work.
The Covent Garden Gallery was demolished during the rebuilding of the
Royal Opera House in the Nineties.
Drummond began working by appointment from chambers in Ryder Street,
St James?s. He did his research in a
much-loved Dorset cottage.
Convivial to a fault, he was a member
of the Royal Corinthian Yacht Club at
Burnham-on-Crouch as well as the
Garrick, and was often to be found at
that 18th-century throwback, the Academy Club in Soho. He was also a proud
Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries. As
he succumbed to dementia, he continued to enjoy opera and sometimes
expressed himself in French.
William Drummond, art dealer, was
born on April 6, 1934. He died after a fall
on April 1, 2018, aged 83
Cecil Taylor
Jazz pianist and poet whose work often baffled audiences and who developed a reputation for trashing his instrument
Cecil Taylor didn?t so much play jazz as
challenge it to a confrontation, his fingers, fists and elbows hammering and
racing across the keys of his piano with
dazzling speed and a force that at times
left the instrument in need of surgery.
His playing was abstract, complex,
experimental, bracing, rhapsodic and
dissonant. The composer Iannis Xenakis once said that it would take him six
months to figure out what was going on
in one of Taylor?s compositions.
?There?s nothing easy about Cecil
Taylor?s music,? the magazine All About
Jazz observed. ?It?s fast and it?s furious.
It?s very nearly incomprehensible and,
quite plainly, genius.?
He was often linked with other free
jazz pioneers such as John Coltrane and
Ornette Coleman, at whose funeral he
played in 2015. Yet he pushed the
boundaries farther than any of them.
He was reluctant to accept the
categorisation of his music as jazz,
which he derided as an ?inadequate
four-letter word?. He insisted he was
?creating a different American language?. His vocabulary borrowed from
Taylor on the cover of a 1978 album
classical and modern western composition and was then applied to what he
called ?black methodology?, based in
the oral traditions of blues and jazz.
Nobody left his concerts humming the
tunes and it was not unusual for baffled
members of the audience to walk out.
Yet those who stayed were exhilarated by the charismatic intensity. A slight,
dreadlocked figure in colourful robes,
he would interrupt his marathon piano
solos with screams, chanting, dancing
and readings of his mercurial poetry,
sometimes delivered on his back.
The number of his admirers grew and
h believed that younger generations
he
w
were
more open-minded. His recordi
ings
were too outr� to sell in large
q
quantities,
but many of them are reg
garded
as works of idiosyncratic genius.
?That man is capable of playing ten
d
different
notes with ten different fing
gers,
ten different dynamics, ten differe attacks and at ten different tempi,?
ent
h former bassist Buell Neidlinger
his
s
said.
?There is no musician I?ve ever
met, including Igor Stravinsky and
Pierre Boulez, who comes anywhere
near the abilities Cecil Taylor has.?
Cecil Percival Taylor was born in
1929 in New York. His father, Percy, was
a chef at a psychiatric hospital. His
mother, Almeida (n閑 Ragland), was a
former actress and dancer and an
enthusiastic amateur pianist.
She hoped her son would become a
dentist, a lawyer or a doctor, but also
encouraged him to play the piano and
took him to see jazz singers such as
Billie Holiday and Ella Fitzgerald. Told
to practise six days a week, he?d return
to the piano stool even on his day off.
?That?s when the organisation of my
music began, when she wasn?t looking,?
he recalled. His mother entered him in
contests ?playing Chopin and all that
stuff?, and he was devastated by her
death from cancer when he was 14. He
convinced himself that he was guilty
and that her disappointment at his
playing truant from school killed her.
He studied at the New England Conservatory of Music, where influences
ranged from Schoenberg and Stravinsky to Duke Ellington and Thelonious
Monk. He released his first album, Jazz
Advance, in 1956 and played at the
Newport Jazz Festival the next year.
But as his approach grew more experimental, he found it hard to find
work, not helped by his reputation for
breaking the keys and strings of too
many pianos. When Down Beat magazine voted Taylor its ?new star? in the
piano category in 1962, he wryly noted
that at the time the stellar new jazz man
was washing dishes in a restaurant.
There was more work in Europe,
where he toured, while he also taught at
the University of Wisconsin, where he
flunked two thirds of his students.
He performed for Jimmy Carter
at the White House and composed for
the ballet star Mikhail Baryshnikov.
Late in life he was outed as gay. ?Do you
think a three-letter word defines the
complexity of my humanity?? he complained in 1991. In 2013 he was awarded
the Kyoto prize for his contribution to
the ?cultural and spiritual betterment
of mankind?, which carried a $500,000
grant. Much of it was embezzled by a
contractor working on the house in
Brooklyn where he lived alone.
?It?s about American music that
never existed in the world until we did
it,? he said when defining his artistic
vision. ?I?m in a state of trance when
I play. It?s spiritual transfiguration.?
Cecil Taylor, pianist and poet, was born
on March 25, 1929. He died of undisclosed
causes on April 5, 2018, aged 89
the times | Friday April 13 2018
55
1G M
Register
Thanksgiving service Barry Norman
A service of thanksgiving for
Mr Barry Norman, author,
journalist and film critic, was
held on Thursday April 12, 2018
at St Paul?s Church, Covent
Garden, London.
The Rev Richard Syms,
associate rector, officiated,
gave a reflection and
pronounced the blessing.
During the service Mr John
Wringe spoke of Barry?s life in
the village and their pickled
onion business; Mr Jason
Solomons spoke of his work as
a film critic; Mr Bertie Norman,
grandson, spoke of his love
for his grandfather; Mr Bruce
Thompson spoke of working
with Barry at the BBC;
Lord Puttnam spoke of his
contribution to the film
industry; Mr Richard Norman,
brother, spoke of their
childhood and Barry as
a young man, and Mr Barry
Cryer spoke of their friendship.
Before the service, Cortina
with Ms Lily Norman, niece, on
barry norman
Read the Times obituary
from July 3, 2017
thetimes.co.uk/barry-norman
the keyboards, performed I
Wish I Knew How It Would
Feel to Be Free by Billy Taylor
and Richard Lamb.
Among those present were:
Ms Samantha Norman
(daughter) and Mr Cliff Ashton
Eaton, Ms Emma Norman
(daughter) and Mr Andrew
Births, Marriages and Deaths
Wood, Mr Harry Clifford
and Mr Charlie Clifford
(grandsons), Mr and Mrs Tony
Lennard, Mr and Mrs Mark
Norman, Mr Joe Norman, Ms
Holly Norman, Mr and Mrs
Matthew Norman, Ms Lily
Norman, Ms Emily Norman
and Ms Alice Norman,
Ms Catherine Lennard,
Ms Alice Lennard with other
members of the family.
Also present were: Baroness
Williams of Crosby CH, Dame
Maggie Smith, Sir Vince Cable
MP, Sir Michael Parkinson,
Mr Mike Gatting, Mr Mike
Leigh, Mr Ken Loach, Mr
Frank McGuinness, Mr Rory
Bremner, Ms Christine
Sheridan, Mr Chris Tarrant
with members of the Critics?
Circle, Lord?s Taverners
together with many friends
and former colleagues from
Sky, the BBC, Radio Times
and Fleet Street as well as
other organisations having
connection with Mr Norman.
Judicial Appointments
The Queen has made the
following appointments on the
advice of the Rt Hon David
Gauke MP, the lord chancellor,
and the Rt Hon the Lord
Burnett of Maldon, the lord
chief justice of England and
Wales:
6 Shefali Talukdar to be a
district judge. The lord chief
justice has deployed her to the
Northern Circuit, based at
Manchester County and
Family Court with effect
from April 30, 2018.
6 James Nicholas Glassbrook
to be a district judge. The lord
chief justice has deployed him
to the Midland Circuit, based
at Northampton Combined
Court with effect from
May 8, 2018.
6 Louise McCabe to be a
district judge. The lord chief
justice has deployed her to the
Midland Circuit, based at
Coventry Combined Court
with effect from April 23, 2018.
6 Timothy James Earl to be a
district judge. The lord chief
justice has deployed him to the
South Eastern Circuit, based at
Ipswich, Chelmsford and
Colchester County and
Family Courts with effect
from April 16, 2018.
6 Simon Charles Beamish
to be a district judge. The lord
chief justice has deployed him
to the South Eastern Circuit,
based at Luton County Court
with effect from May 14, 2018.
6 Sarah Louise Wright to be
a district judge. The lord chief
justice has deployed her to the
South Eastern Circuit, based
at Maidstone County Court
with effect from May 14, 2018.
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The Duke of York, Patron,
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morning received Mr Patrick
Harrison (Executive Director).
His Royal Highness this
afternoon received Mr Robert
Dudley (Chief Executive
Officer, BP).
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Grenadier Guards, this
evening held a Dinner
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Buckingham Palace
12th April, 2018
The Earl of Wessex, Vice
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attended the XXI
Commonwealth Games
on the Gold Coast,
Queensland, Australia.
Buckingham Palace
12th April, 2018
The Princess Royal, Prime
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Luncheon, Fishmongers? Hall,
London Bridge, London EC4.
Her Royal Highness,
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Royal Hussars, this afternoon
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Shirreff upon relinquishing his
appointment as Colonel and
General Sir Adrian Bradshaw
upon assuming the
appointment.
The Princess Royal,
President, Carers Trust,
this evening held a Reception,
followed by a Dinner, at
St James?s Palace.
Kensington Palace
12th April, 2018
The Duke of Gloucester,
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Independence, this morning
received Mrs Nicola Martin
(Chief Executive Officer) and
Mrs Jackie Staunton
(Chairman of Trustees).
His Royal Highness, Patron,
International Council on
Monuments and Sites ? UK,
this afternoon received
Mr Richard Hughes
(President) and Ms Susan
Denyer (Secretary).
The Duke of Gloucester,
President, British Expertise,
this evening presented the
British Expertise International
Awards at the Royal Garden
Hotel, Kensington High Street,
London W8.
St. James?s Palace
12th April, 2018
The Duke of Kent, Chancellor,
today presided over the
University of Surrey?s
Postgraduate Degree
Ceremonies in the grounds of
Guildford Cathedral amd was
received by Mr Christopher
Biddell (Vice Lord-Lieutenant
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peacefully爋n�th燤arch�18,燼ged�
years.燬ervice燼t燱oodvale
Crematorium,燣ewes燫oad,燘righton,
on燜riday�th燗pril�18,燼t�.30pm.
Family爁lowers爋nly.
REID燗nne燭heresa�(Edinburgh)爌assed
away爌eacefully爋n�h燗pril�18,
aged�,燼fter燼爏hort爄llness.燤uchloved爓ife爋f燬tewart,爓ho燼lso
recently爌assed燼way,爏tepmother爐o
Vivien,燝illian燼nd營ain,爏ister爋f
Gordon.燭he爁uneral爓ill爐ake爌lace燼t
Warriston燙rematorium,燙loister
Chapel,燛dinburgh,燼t�.30am,爋n
Wednesday�th燗pril�18.燜amily
flowers爋nly爌lease,燿onations爐o
Alzheimer?s燫esearch.
31st燤arch�18,燼ged�.燱ill燽e
missed燽y燼ll爓ho爇new爃im.
BICKLEY燗nn燘eryl.燨n�th燤arch,
elder燿aughter爋f爐he爈ate燡ack燼nd
Edna,爏ister爋f爐he爈ate燛lizabeth.
Enquiries爐o燗.燜rance�&燬on,燭el:�0
7405�01.
BIRD燡oan燛thel�(n閑燨akes)爋n�h
April�18,燿ied爌eacefully爄n爃er爏leep
at爃ome. Beloved爓ife爋f燫onnie,燿early
loved爉other爋f燛mma燼nd燙arlie,
adored爂ranny爋f燢itty,燣ucia,燡ames,
Beth,燬ebastian,燤onty,營zzy燼nd燘aba.
Latin燫equiem燤ass燼t�am,爋n
Thursday�th燗pril,燼t燱ardour燙astle
Chapel,燭isbury,燬P3�H. Family
flowers爋nly爌lease.燚onations爄n
memory爐o燱ardour燙hapel燭rustees.
All爀nquires爐o燘racher燘rothers燜/D.
Tel:�747�2494.
BRUNDAN燡udy燿ied爏uddenly爋n�th
Court Circular
Windsor Castle
12th April, 2018
The Queen this morning
visited the King George VI
Day Centre, Clarence Road,
Windsor, to mark the Sixtieth
Anniversary of its opening by
Her Majesty and the
Seventieth Anniversary of
Windsor Old People?s Welfare
Association, and was received
by Her Majesty?s LordLieutenant of the Royal
County of Berkshire (Mr
James Puxley), the Chairman
of Trustees of Windsor Old
People?s Welfare Association
(Mr David Cannon) and the
Mayor of the Royal Borough of
Windsor and Maidenhead
(Councillor John Lenton).
The Queen, escorted by
the Chairman of Trustees,
toured the building, viewing
a seated exercise class,
hairdressing station and the
kitchen, and met members
of the Day Centre in the
lounge area.
By command of The Queen,
Mr Alistair Harrison (Marshal
of the Diplomatic Corps)
called upon His Excellency
Mr Miguel Neto at 22 Dorset
Street, London W1, this
morning in order to bid
farewell to His Excellency
I WAS very glad to learn that some of your
children are obeying the truth, as the
Father told us to do. Dear friend, I am not
writing to tell you and your children to do
something you have not done before.
I am writing to tell you to love each other,
which is the first thing you were told
to do. Love means that we do what God
tells us. And from the beginning, he told
you to love him. 2 John 1.4-6 (CEV)
www.newsukadvertising.co.uk
April�18,燼ged�,�(formerly燚enham
Smith). Loving爓ife,爉other,
stepmother,爂randmother燼nd爏ister.燗
funeral爓ill燽e爃eld燼t�30pm,爋n
Thursday�th燗pril,燼t燬t燤ary's
Church,燱ilby,燬uffolk,營P21�R.燦o
flowers,燽ut燿onations,爄f燿esired,爐o燬t
Mary's燙hurch.
NEWBOLD燚onald燰ictor燙BE
SHARP燭erence燱illiam�(Tom)燿ied爋n
26th燤arch�18,燼ged�.燫etired燞M
Diplomatic燬ervice燼nd燡apan燭ravel
Bureau.燨ld燭horntonian,爈inguist,
music爈over燼nd爇een爐heatre燼nd
concert爂oer.燜uneral燼t燣ambeth
Crematorium,�th燗pril�18,燼t
2.45pm.燜amily爁lowers爋nly.
Donations,爄f燿esired,爐o燤SF燼t
justgiving.com/fundraising/sharpfamily
THOMPSETT
Maurice燛dward燿ied爌eacefully
on�th燤arch�18,燼ged�.
Much璴oved爌artner爐o燬hirley,
father爐o燡oanna燼nd燗ngela燼nd
treasured爂randfather爐o燡ames,
Toby,燞ettie,燞enry燼nd燝eorgie.
Funeral燬ervice爐o燽e爃eld燼t
11.30am,爋n燭hursday�th燗pril
2018,燼t燬t燦icholas燙hurch,
Rectory燣ane,燬evenoaks,燭N13
1JA.燗爎eception爓ill爁ollow燼t
Knole燩ark燝olf燙lub.燭here爓ill燽e
a爌rivate燾remation.燦o燽lack
please,爃e爓anted燽right燾olours.
Also,爊o爁lowers,燽ut燿onations,爄f
desired爁or燞ospice爄n爐he燱eald,
to燽e爏ent爐o燱elham燡ones
Funeral燚irectors,�6燣ondon
Road,燬evenoaks,燭N13�J
WAY Isobel燤argaret爋n�t燗pril
2018,燼ged�0爕ears.燜uneral爏ervice
at燛astbourne燙rematorium燜amily
Chapel,爋n燤onday�rd燗pril,�18,燼t
noon.燜amily爁lowers爋nly,燿onations爐o
Diabetes燯K,燾/o燞aine�&燬on燜uneral
Directors,�燬outh燬treet,燛astbourne,
Sussex,燘N21�J.
In Memoriam Private
OAKES燬usan�(n閑燝abor)燿ied爋n
Friday�th燗pril�07.燗爓hile燼go,燽ut
still爎eminisced燽y爃er燿aughters燼nd
friends.
Public Notices
�
I燫AMI燛LALI爈ost爉y燣ebanese爐ravel
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please燾all:�492�8864.
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DAVIDSON燚om燜rancis爋n�h燗pril
2018,爉onk爋f燗mpleforth.燬olemn
Funeral燤ass燼t�.30am,�th燗pril
2018,燗mpleforth燗bbey.
JACKSON燚orothy燿ied爏uddenly爋n
16th燜ebruary�18,燼ged�.燚early
loved爓ife爋f燡ohn燡ackson燼nd爉other
of燣eanne燱ebber-Jones.燜orever爄n
our爃earts燼nd爐houghts.
LEVER燬tuart爋f燱arrens燙ross,
Lechlade,爌assed燼way爌eacefully燼t
home,�h燜ebruary�18,燼ged�
years.燗爂ood爉an,爈oved燽y燼ll爃is
family.燭hanksgiving爏ervice燼t燬t
Lawrence燙hurch,燣echlade,爋n
Wednesday�th燗pril,燼t�am.
Donations,爄n爉emory爋f燬tuart爐o
Gloucestershire燱ildlife燭rust燵re:
Stuart燣ever爉emorial]燭el:�452
389959.
www.gloucestershirewidlifetrust.co.uk
/Remember/Stuart.
MCKIBBIN燙hristopher燘rian�(known
as燘rian)爌assed燼way�th燤arch
2018,燼ged�,燼t燗bundant燝race
Nursing燞ome,燬eaford,燛ast燬ussex,
with爃is爓ife燛lizabeth燼t爃is爏ide.燗n
Old燬toic,燿ear爑ncle爐o燤ichael燼nd
Alex燼nd燿ear爁riend爐o爉any.燭here
will燽e燼爐hanksgiving爏ervice燼t
Clayton燱ood燦atural燘urial燝round,
West燬ussex,爋n燱ednesday�th燗pril
2018,燼t�30pm.燜amily爁lowers爋nly
please.燚onations爄n爉emory爋f燘rian,
if燿esired,爁or燭he燤usicians
Benevolent燜und,爉ay燽e爏ent爐o燝race
Gasson,燜uneral燚irector,�燬pringett
Avenue,燫ingmer,燛ast燬ussex,燘N8
5QX.燭el:�273�3333爋r,
alternatively,爋nline爒ia
www.helpmusicians.org.uk/supportour-work/giving-in-memory-andcelebration.
The simple way to place your
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the times | Friday April 13 2018
61
1G M
Weather
Weather Eye
Paul Simons
Today Misty and foggy across much of the British Isles with outbreaks of rain and drizzle. Max 13C (55F), min 0C (32F)
Around Britain
Five days ahead
Key: b=bright, c=cloud, d=drizzle, pc=partly cloudy
du=dull, f=fair, fg=fog, h=hail, m=mist, r=rain,
sh=showers, sl=sleet, sn=snow, s=sun, t=thunder
*=previous day **=data not available
Becoming warmer and
drier across eastern
areas with spells of
sunshine
Temp C
Rain mm Sun hr*
midday yesterday
24 hrs to 5pm yesterday
Aberdeen
Aberporth
Anglesey
Aviemore
Barnstaple
Bedford
Belfast
Birmingham
Bournemouth
Bridlington
Bristol
Camborne
Cardiff
Edinburgh
Eskdalemuir
Glasgow
Guernsey
Hereford
Herstmonceux
Ipswich
Isle of Man
Isle of Wight
Keswick
Kinloss
Leeds
Lerwick
Leuchars
Lincoln
Liverpool
London
Lyneham
Manchester
Margate
Milford Haven
Newcastle
Nottingham
Orkney
Oxford
Plymouth
Portland
Scilly, St Mary?s
Shoreham
Shrewsbury
Skye
Snowdonia
Southend
Stornoway
Tiree
Whitehaven
Wick
Yeovilton
8
9
11
12
13
6
8
6
10
5
7
10
9
6
5
9
9
7
11
8
9
9
10
12
4
8
8
6
9
8
6
8
8
12
4
5
8
7
14
12
10
8
7
**
7
8
11
12
6
8
9
PC
DU
PC
S
S
FG
DU
DU
DU
DU
M
DU
DU
DU
DU
DU
M
M
DU
FG
DU
DU
PC
S
D
S
PC
D
DU
DU
DU
DU
FG
PC
M
FG
S
M
C
C
DU
DU
DU
**
DU
DU
S
PC
DU
S
DU
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.8
0.0
4.6
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
**
0.4
0.0
0.2
1.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.4
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.6
0.4
0.2
0.6
0.0
0.0
0.4
1.4
0.1
0.0
0.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
3.0
**
0.4
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
3.8
0.0
1.4
7.4
**
**
0.3
**
5.4
**
0.0
3.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
**
**
8.4
0.0
5.9
**
**
5.4
**
4.9
0.6
0.0
**
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
**
**
0.0
4.2
**
**
**
**
0.0
0.0
**
**
0.0
5.7
0.8
0.1
**
0.3
Tomorrow
Mainly cloudy with spots of rain
over most of northern England and
Scotland, heavy
vy in tth
the
he North
he
N
Northern
or ern Isles.
Dry and sunn
ny at
at ?r
?rrst
st eels
st
lse
ls
sewhere,
before isolaated
ted
te
ed showers
sh
sho
sshow
ho
how
h
ower
errss dev
develop.
deve
d
Max 18C, m
min
in
n2
2C
C
12
15
Slight
Temperature
Shetland
Sh
7
28
2
8
Moderate
Rough
28 (degrees C)
6
8
14
4
6
At 17:00 on Thursday there were
37 ?ood alerts and 4 warnings
in England and no ?ood alerts or
warnings in Wales or Scotland.
For further information and
updates, visit ?ood-warninginformation.service.gov.uk, and for
Scotland www.SEPA.org.uk
.uk
9
Aberdeen
NORTH
SEA
Edinburgh
Glasgow
18
14
8
16
Londonderry
ATLANTIC
OCEAN
Sunday
Mostly cloudy across the country with
showery rain, heavy in the west. The
best of any suns
nshinee in eastern
nshine
ea ern areas.
east
sunshine
Max 17C, min
in
n 4C
4C
Belfast
13
LLlandudno
11
13
17
Cork
Swansea
16
Dry and feeling warm with periods
of sunshine over England and Wales.
Rather cloudy with
wi
with showery
showe
howery rain in
Ireland and wes
weestern
west
eesst
est
sstern
ttern
ern
eer
nS
Scot
Scotla
Scotl
co
cot
cottlllaand. Mainly
dry over eas
asstern
tteer
ern
errn
n Sc
S
Sco
Scotla
Scotlan
cotla
cootla
lan
la
lan
aand.
nd.
Max 21C, m
min
in
in 6
6C
C
19
17
21
19
The Times weather
err
page is provided
by Weatherquestt
1
11
1
11
TOUR
23
14
-15
5
London
Southampton
Exeterr
Plymouth
General situation: Mostly
l cloudy
l
and
misty with spots of rain, but turning
brighter in the south with showers.
Cen N Eng, NW Eng, Lake District,
Wales, SW Scotland, N Ireland, IoM,
Midlands: Cloudy and misty or foggy
with outbreaks of light rain and drizzle
in the morning
morning, possibly turning sunny
at times later. Light and variable
winds. Maximum 10C (50F), minimum
5C (41F).
Cen S Eng, SE Eng, London: Cloudy and
misty with some rain at ?rst, becoming
Sicily ? Mount Etna, Taormina
and Agrigento
32
12
Bristol
5
Today
Aberdeen
Avonmouth
Belfast
Cardiff
Devonport
Dover
Dublin
Falmouth
Greenock
Harwich
Holyhead
Hull
Leith
Liverpool
London Bridge
Lowestoft
Milford Haven
Morecambe
Newhaven
Newquay
Oban
Penzance
Portsmouth
Shoreham
Southampton
Swansea
Tees
Weymouth
0
-5
-10
13
Brighton
CHANNEL
sunny and dry in the after
afternoon. Light
southerly wind. Maximum 12C (54F),
minimum 6C (43F).
Republic of Ireland, Channel Is,
SW Eng: Most of the day dry with
rather cloudy skies at times and some
sunny spells. The chance of heavy and
thundery showers in the afternoon.
afternoon
Light south or southwesterly wind.
Maximum 13C (55F), minimum
5C (41F).
NW Scotland, Moray Firth, Glasgow,
NE Scotland, N Isles, Argyll: Cloudy
12
with showery rain, turning heavy and
persistent over the Northern Isles.
Mainly light southeasterly winds, but
fresh to strong in northeast Scotland
and the Northern Isles. Maximum
10C (50F), minimum 4C (39F).
E Anglia, E Eng, NE Eng, Aberdeen,
Edinburgh & Dundee,
Dundee Cen Highland,
Highland
Borders: Cloudy and foggy with
outbreaks of light rain and
drizzle. Light to moderate east or
southeasterly wind. Maximum
12C (54F), minimum 0C (32F).
Noon today
Tidal predictions.
Heights in metres
18
41
Cambridge
Oxford
Cardiff
CELTIC
SEA
Tides
12
50
5
i h
Norwich
8
14
59
10
11
Birmingham
12
Tuesday
68
15
Nottingham
9
13
Channel Islands
A band of cloud and rain will slowly
move east across Ireland and into
western Scotland
an an
and
and
nd Wal
Wa
Wales.
es. Mostly
dry and feeling
ngg war
waarm
w
warm
rm with
wit
wit
ith sunny
spells over England.
England
En
Engl
E
ngland
ngl
nglaand
an
ndd
n
Max 18C, m
min
in
n5
5C
C
77
20
Sheffield
10
Shrewsbury
4
15
25
Hull
10
ooo
Liverpool
IRISH
SEA
Dublin
12
86
Yorkk
2
Dry and sunny at ?rst across England
and Wales, but cloud building to bring
a few isolated sshowers.
how
howe
oweers. Rath
R
Rather
er cloudy
with showeryy rain
rrai
ra
ain elsewh
elsewh
el
ssewhe
ewh
where, turning
heavy in Ireela
land
and
and
nd late
later.
llaat
lat
ater.
e
Max 17C, m
min
in
n5
5C
C
30
9
9
Manchester
Monday
F
95
Carlisle
8
9
14
C
35
Newcastle
Galway
17
20 B
Madeira
10 B
Madrid
15 B
Majorca
14 S
M醠aga
19 C
Malta
21 R
Melbourne
Mexico City 19 C
29 B
Miami
15 S
Milan
27 C
Mombasa
6
S
Montreal
9
F
Moscow
31 B
Mumbai
21 F
Munich
20 S
Nairobi
21 B
Naples
New Orleans 21 S
8
S
New York
10 R
Nice
22 S
Nicosia
7
F
Oslo
14 B
Paris
21 R
Perth
22 F
Prague
5
D
Reykjavik
11 F
Riga
Rio de Janeiro 28 S
29 F
Riyadh
17 R
Rome
San Francisco 16 B
21 S
Santiago
25 F
S鉶 Paulo
14 F
Seoul
28 SH
Seychelles
33 S
Singapore
F
St Petersburg 8
9
F
Stockholm
34 F
Sydney
20 F
Tel Aviv
21 S
Tenerife
20 S
Tokyo
10 R
Vancouver
14 R
Venice
21 S
Vienna
20 F
Warsaw
Washington 10 C
16 F
Zurich
Orkney
ney
C l
Calm
9
All readings local midday yesterday
S
S
F
B
F
S
C
S
F
S
F
F
C
R
C
F
F
F
S
B
F
F
S
F
F
B
F
M
R
B
S
S
S
C
F
S
S
S
S
B
S
B
S
F
B
B
F
Sea
S
a state
ae
(mph)
14
14
19
11
22
17
29
34
29
14
20
21
26
20
23
15
10
22
24
30
28
34
29
29
16
11
23
30
37
7
14
17
20
14
15
20
9
27
29
19
23
13
34
19
21
24
12
20
32
34
Flood alerts and warnings
The world
Alicante
Amsterdam
Athens
Auckland
Bahrain
Bangkok
Barbados
Barcelona
Beijing
Beirut
Belgrade
Berlin
Bermuda
Bordeaux
Brussels
Bucharest
Budapest
Buenos Aires
Cairo
Calcutta
Canberra
Cape Town
Chicago
Copenhagen
Corfu
Delhi
Dubai
Dublin
Faro
Florence
Frankfurt
Geneva
Gibraltar
Harare
Helsinki
Hong Kong
Honolulu
Istanbul
Jerusalem
Johannesburg
Kuala Lumpur
Lanzarote
Las Palmas
Lima
Lisbon
Los Angeles
Luxor
Wind
W
d speed
p e
HIIG
HIG
HI
HIGH
IGH
GH
GH
1016
1016
16
16
00:44
06:16
10:32
06:04
04:47
10:19
10:55
04:24
11:54
11:09
09:40
05:34
01:53
10:35
00:43
09:10
05:27
10:37
10:22
04:21
05:14
03:52
10:50
10:23
10:37
05:30
02:58
05:45
Ht
3.7
11.5
3.1
10.8
4.9
6.0
3.7
4.6
3.1
3.7
5.1
6.3
4.8
8.5
6.2
2.3
6.1
8.3
5.9
6.1
3.5
4.9
4.2
5.4
4.0
8.3
4.7
1.7
12:48
18:41
22:55
18:27
17:16
22:36
23:23
16:49
--:-23:21
22:09
17:37
14:04
22:58
13:10
20:50
17:49
23:02
22:43
16:42
17:31
16:15
23:15
22:47
22:16
17:50
15:01
18:19
Ht
3.8
11.8
3.1
11.0
4.9
6.2
3.7
4.6
-3.6
5.1
6.7
4.9
8.6
6.5
2.3
6.2
8.4
6.2
6.1
3.4
4.9
4.4
5.8
4.2
8.5
4.8
1.7
11032
10
103
003
032
32
32
HIGH
H
H
1024
1102
10
024
002
2244
10002
102
11024
024
2244
1016
101
110
00116
016
16
1008
008
00
0088
LOW
OW
O
W
LOW
OW
W
1016
101
1016
10
1
LO
LO
LOW
OW
W
HIIGH
HIGH
H
HIG
IGH
IG
GH
L W
LOW
HIG
HIG
IGH
IGH
1008
110
0 8
984
998
8844
992
999
9922 110
1000
100
000
000
0000
Synoptic situation
An area of high pressure will be
broadly centred across central
and southern Britain, bringing
rather a lot of cloud, mist and
spots of rain at times. A set of
fronts and troughs moving into
Scotland will bring cloud and
areas of rain, possibly thundery
in the east. Low pressure in
Spain will slowly push a trough
over France towards Britain,
bringing the risk of showers.
EI GH T D AYS FR OM
�9
PER PERSON
I N C LU D E S T H E S E RV I C E S O F A N E X P E R I E N C E D TO U R M A N AG E R
Guided tour of the Valley of the Temples
and Monreale Cathedral
Visit to Palermo, Taormina and Siracusa
Return flights plus seven nights in
four-star accommodation, with
breakfast and dinner
11016
101
0016
011166
1100
10
1008
0008
00088
LOW
L
LO
OW
O
W
102
1024
024
02
11008
008
08
08
1008
100
110
008
000
0088
101
110
1016
0016
011166
LOW
LO
L
OW
O
W
1100
10
00088
Cold front
Warm front
Occluded front
Trough
Highs and lows
Hours of darkness
24hrs to 5pm yesterday
Aberdeen
Belfast
Birmingham
Cardiff
Exeter
Glasgow
Liverpool
London
Manchester
Newcastle
Norwich
Penzance
Shef?eld
Warmest: Achnagart,
Inverness-shire, 16.6C
Coldest: Aviemore, -1.2C
Wettest: Katesbridge, 11.0mm
Sunniest: Herstmonceux,
East Sussex, 8.4hrs*
Sun and moon
For Greenwich
Sun rises: 06.08
Sun sets: 19.52
Moon rises: 05.33
Moon sets: 16.46
New moon: April 16
I
magine a parade of gigantic ice
sculptures featuring castles,
pyramids, archways and
waterfalls tumbling down cliffs,
all gracefully floating past on
the sea. These are just some of the
weird and wonderful shapes of
icebergs that pass close to the
eastern shores of Labrador and
Newfoundland in what is called
Iceberg Alley. More than 2,000
icebergs a year can float by this
coastline, refrigerated by the cold
water of the Labrador Current.
The best time to see this spectacle
is spring and early summer, when
the icebergs come closest to
shore and make a phenomenal
sight. (The Iceberg Finder app
and IcebergFinder.com track their
daily movements.)
Iceberg seasons are different
each year and difficult to predict.
Last year swarms of icebergs
appeared as strong anticlockwise
winds added to the ocean currents
to steer 1,000 of them down from
Greenland, through Iceberg Alley
and into Atlantic shipping lanes,
also threatening oil and gas rigs in
the Grand Banks off Newfoundland.
One iceberg last April soared 200ft
high, the height of a giant sequoia
tree, and flat icebergs can be more
than three miles long.
These icebergs are 10,000-yearold masses of ice that originally
broke off the glaciers of Greenland
before they were washed down on
the frigid ocean currents through
Iceberg Alley. Most of them run
aground and melt, but an average
of 466 a year reach the open
Atlantic where they can pose
a threat to shipping. Most famous
of these was the iceberg that sank
the Titanic 370 miles south of the
Newfoundland coast in 1912.
Eventually, though, the cold
Labrador Current crashes into the
Gulf Stream?s warm waters south of
Newfoundland and the surviving
icebergs finally melt away. However,
there have been some exceptional
cases of icebergs that have managed
to survive extraordinary distances.
In June 1907 one was found to have
sailed across the Atlantic and
reached a few hundred miles
southwest of Ireland.
20:43-05:32
20:52-05:53
20:32-05:41
20:35-05:48
20:35-05:51
20:48-05:43
20:38-05:44
20:23-05:36
20:35-05:41
20:35-05:35
20:19-05:28
20:42-06:00
20:32-05:38
S
icily ? that beautiful island off the southernmost tip of Italy is one of the few places
in Europe that can genuinely be called unspoilt. It possesses a beauty that is truly
breathtaking with remarkably uninhabited countryside, a spectacularly indented
coastline, and snow-capped Mount Etna providing a magni?cent backdrop. We visit
Palermo, medieval Siracusa and Taormina, one of Sicily?s most beautiful villages.
Departures up to October, 2018.
Call 0330 160 8741 and quote KM075
thetimes.co.uk/riviera
Prices based on two people sharing a twin room. Single rooms available at a supplement. Additional entrance costs may apply. Travel insurance is not included but is strongly recommended. This holiday is operated by and subject to booking conditions of Riviera Travel, ABTA V4744 ATOL 3430 protected, a company independent of Times
Newspapers Ltd. Subject to availability. Images used in conjunction with Riviera Travel. KM075.
62
Friday April 13 2018 | the times
2G M
Sport
Disqualified
Hughes left
speechless
Commonwealth Games
Rick Broadbent Gold Coast
diary from australia
Islands? first medallist
lost coach in hurricane
Kyron McMaster?s victory in the
400m hurdles was one of the most
emotional of the Games. It was the
British Virgin Islands? first-ever
medal and came just seven months
after his coach was killed in
Hurricane Irma. ?When I go back to
the hotel me and my team-mate are
going to sit down on the porch and
just cry about it,? he said.
After the death of Xavier ?Dag?
Samuels, McMaster got a tattoo to
honour his mentor. ?His word is
?guidance?,? he said. ?So I got that
just to let him know that he?s with
me wherever I go, win or lose.?
England?s Jack Green was fourth,
just 0.02 sec off a medal. Having
been open about his battle with
depression, he said: ?I battle demons
every day and putting myself in
environments like this is really
tough. You?re very vulnerable.?
medal tally
ld
Champions
Championships,
Asher-Smith
continued her inex
inexorable progress to
third.
Her time of 22.29sec was swift
enough to see off Elaine Thompson, the
100m and 200m Olympic champion.
Shaunae Miller-Uibo, the 400m Olympic champion from the Bahamas,
needed a Games record to win in 22.09,
with Shericka Jackson, of Jamaica,
posting a lifetime best to take the silver.
Asher-Smith always veers between
optimism and Zebedee glee, but even
she was surprised by just how deep her
event was. ?When the start lists came
out I was like, ?Great, this is just my life.?
I knew I needed to bring my A game
and I knew I was in the lead.? Like
Hughes, she could not sustain it.
?Everyone saw Zharnel is in great
shape,? she said. ?I know how much this
meant to him.?
Having managed two medals in four
days, England?s athletes delivered five
in two hours. Sophie Hahn got the ball
rolling when she won the T38 100m,
Luke Cutts pole-vaulted to bronze and
Shara Proctor, also raised in Anguilla,
was third in the long jump.
Langford?s late run was special, not
least the final 100 metres covered in
13.2sec. His time of 1min 45.16sec was a
games lowdown
What?s happened overnight?
Katarina Johnson-Thompson led the
heptathlon after day one by 126
points. She will have done the long
jump and javelin by breakfast. Tom
Daley, injury permitting, and Dan
Goodfellow will have competed in
the 10m synchronised diving.
What?s on today?
Athletics The heptathlon concludes
with the 800m (11.05am BST),
Caster Semenya will expect another
title in the 800m proper (11.45am)
and Tiffany Porter has a medal
chance in the 100m hurdles
(1.09pm).
Hockey The women fell at the semifinal stage, now it?s the men?s turn
against Australia (12.45pm).
personal best, which makes a mockery
of all the twin peaks excuses. Wycliffe
Kinyamal, of Kenya, was a mere 0.05sec
faster, but Nijel Amos, the defending
champion from Botswana, was well
adrift. Langford proceeded to use the
word ?gutting? more times than a
demonic fish-filleter. Then, for variety,
he added: ?I?ve been envisaging
winning gold at every training session.
It?s not a loss. You win or learn.? Hughes
should get that put on his T-shirt.
l
ta
To
ze
on
Br
er
lv
H
Hughes?s
arm hits
Richards
and he
Ri
celebrates,
below left,
cele
before
befo disqualification
1. Australia
63
46
47 156
2. England
28
32
27
87
3. India
14
7
10
31
4. Canada
12
29
19
60
5. South Africa 11
9
12
32
7. Scotland
7
13
15
35
8. Wales
7
8
10
25
Second gold for Laugher
England?s Jack Laugher won his
second gold medal of the Games, in
the 3m springboard. ?I was really
low in November when I needed
surgery and it hadn?t worked as well
as I?d hoped and I?m basically being
held together,? he said. Annie Last
won the women?s mountain biking.
England lose shoot-out
England women?s hockey team lost
2-1 to New Zealand in a semi-final
penalty shoot-out. Maddie Hinch,
the England goalkeeper, was the
hero when Great Britain won
Olympic gold in Rio, but this time
Grace O?Hanlon, the Kiwi back-up
goalkeeper, saved four penalties.
Lavelle?s assault charge
Stephen Lavelle, the Scottish boxer
who won a bronze medal in
Glasgow in 2014, has been charged
with assault after an alleged
glassing in a Gold Coast nightclub.
Fixtures
Results
Football
Europa League: Quarter-finals, second leg:
CSKA Moscow 2 Arsenal 2 (Arsenal win 6-3 on
agg); RB Salzburg 4 Lazio 1 (RB Salzburg win 6-5
on agg); Marseilles 5 RB Leipzig 2 (Marseilles
win 5-3 on agg); Sporting Lisbon 1 Atletico
Madrid 0 (Atletico Madrid win 2-1 on agg).
Sky Bet League One: Bradford 0 Shrewsbury 0.
P
Wigan.....................40
Blackburn...............41
Shrewsbury ...........41
Rotherham ............41
Plymouth................40
Si
Go
It took 20.12 seconds of raw speed and
another 90 minutes of protracted
debate for the athletics programme to
explode into life at the Commonwealth
Games. Zharnel Hughes thought that
he had won the 200m for England and
did a lap of honour before a man with a
sky-blue suit and far darker expression
finally told him that he had been
disqualified.
Joy, despair, a late-night appeal and
simmering temperatures on the warmdown track made for a night pulsing
with intrigue.
For Hughes, who started this year
running away from an armed thief in
Jamaica, this must have felt like floodlit
robbery. This time the gun was the
prelude to a breathless sequence as
Hughes, watched by Usain Bolt, his
former training partner, made a lightning start but ended up having to bite
the bullet.
He had a good lead coming off the
bend but began to tire in the final 30
metres. As Jereem Richards, of
Trinidad and Tobago, reeled him
in, Hughes put out an arm to his
left. It was the last act of a desperate man. The crime was obstruction and it looked clear
enough. Both sprinters were
awarded the same time but
Hughes
was
initially
named the winner via photo-finish.
The sight of him then
making his way around
the stadium, gathering
applause and giving
selfies while those
looking
at
result
screens knew his fate,
was grimly voyeuristic.
So after the slapped back
came the slap in the face.
Dina Asher-Smith, his
former girlfriend, was still
conducting interviews after
her bronze medal in a loaded
200m race. By the time
Richards met journalists to
explain that he had been
impeded, Kyle Langford was
running a guts-and-glory
home straight in the 800m to
win a silver medal. Langford?s
disappointment spoke volumes about his insatiable de-
sire; his words then backed it up. ?By the
Tokyo Olympics it?s definitely going to
be gold, I can assure you,? he said.
The temperature was rising from
lukewarm to the top of the charts.
Ninety minutes after Hughes had
celebrated, and with the stadium
empty, official word came through that
the England appeal had been rejected,
the new king dethroned.
Richards was sympathetic but
adamant that justice had been served.
?If he didn?t hit me I would have gone
past him,? he said. ?That threw me off
my rhythm. I had to slow down. You?re
not expecting to get hit in a
race.
ow
?I feel for him. I know
him and it?s not nice forr
a
track-and-field
friend to lose a
medal. I gained a
gold medal but I feel
for his loss.?
Leon Reid, of
Northern Ireland,
was another beneficid
ary as he was upgraded
on
to bronze behind Aaron
Brown, of Canada.
ave few
Hughes could have
ohnson had ofcomplaints. Michael Johnson
fered a prescient appraisal before the
race, suggesting that he would need to
?clean up his technique a little bit at the
end? and saying that he was blighted by
a ?jerky motion? that comes ?with
the arm-swing?.
At least he came out swinging as
he aimed for a first senior title. In
the end he left with nothing, not
even a word, but it is fair to
assume that his reaction was
somewhere close to how he
felt after he had suffered at
the hands of the phone
thief who put a gun in his
face in January. ?Lost for
words, but thankfully
I?m okay,? he tweeted in
the aftermath back then.
?Today will be a day I
won?t forget.? Ditto.
Hughes, raised in the
British Overseas Territory of Anguilla, went to the
warm-down track to
curse his luck, but it was
otherwise a good night for
England. After finishing
fifth at the Olympics and
fourth at last year?s World
MARK SCHIEFELBEIN/AP; MICHAEL STEELE/GETTY IMAGES
W D L F
26 8 6 81
25 11 5 75
24 10 7 55
21 6 14 68
18 9 13 53
A
27
36
33
51
48
GD Pts
54 86
39 86
22 82
17 69
5 63
Charlton ................. 41
Portsmouth............41
Peterborough.........41
Scunthorpe.............41
Bristol Rovers........41
Fleetwood .............42
Bradford ................40
17 11 13 54 49 5
19 5 17 54 51 3
16 13 12 64 51 13
15 16 10 58 49 9
16 7 18 57 61 -4
15 9 18 56 60 -4
16 6 18 49 61 -12
62
62
61
61
55
54
54
Top half of table only
Vanarama National League: Halifax
Gateshead 2. North: Telford United
Leamington 2; Spennymoor 0 Brackley 3.
2
3
Commonwealth Games
Gold Coast, Australia
Athletics: Men: 200m final: 1, J Richards (Trin)
20.12sec; 2, A Brown (Can) 20.34; 3, L Reid (N
Ire) 20.55. 800m final: 1, W Kintamal (Ken)
1min 45.11sec; 2, K Langford (Eng) 1:45.16; 3, L
Mathews (Aus) 1:45.60. Pole vault final: 1, K
Marschall (Aus) 5.70m; 2, S Barber (Can) 5.65;
3, L Cutts (Eng) 5.45. Women: 200m final: 1, S
Miller-Uibo (Bah) 22.09sec; 2, S Jackson (Jam)
22.18; 3, D Asher-Smith (Eng) 22.29. 400m
hurdles final: 1, J Russel (Jam) 54.33sec; 2, E
Doyle (Sco) 54.80; 3, W Nel (SA) 54.96. T38
100m final: 1, S Hahn (Eng) 12.46sec; 2, R Clarke
(Aus) 13.17; 3, O Breen (Wal) 13.35. Long jump
final: 1, C Nettey (Can) 6.84m; 2, B Stratton
(Aus) 6.77; 3, S Proctor (Eng) 6.75.
Bowls: Women: Triples gold medal match:
Australia bt Scotland 21-12. Triples bronze
medal match: England bt Canada 20-12.
Cycling: Women: Cross country: 1, A Last (Eng)
1hr 18min 2sec; 2, E Richards (Eng) 1:18.50; 3,
H Smith (Can) 1:20.26.
Diving: Men: 3m springboard final: 1, J Laugher
(Eng) 519.40pts; 2, P Gagne (Can) 452.70; 3, J
Connor (Aus) 438.50.
Wrestling: Women: Freestyle 76kg bronze: G
Nelthorpe (Eng) bt H Kamara (S Leone).
Tennis
ATP Tour: Grand Prix Hassan II
Marrakech, Morocco: Second round: N
Basilashvili (Geo) bt L Ouahab (Mor) 7-6 (7-5),
5-7, 6-3; J Sousa (Por) bt M Basic (Bos-Herz) 6-
3, 3-6, 6-4; M Jaziri (Tun) bt M Zverev (Ger) 6-2,
6-4; K Edmund (GB) bt R Albot (Mold) 6-2, 6-4.
ATP Tour: US Men?s Clay Court Championships
Houston, Texas: Second round: I Karlovic (Cro)
bt D Kudla (US) 7-5, 7-5; T Sandgren (US) bt N
Kicker (Arg) 6-2, 7-6 (7-3); G Pella (Arg) bt S
Querrey (US) 2-6, 7-6 (7-4), 7-6 (7-3).
WTA Tour: Samsung Open
Lugano, Switzerland: First round: V Lapko
(Bela) bt A Kontaveit (Est) 3-6, 6-4, 6-3; M
Barthel (Ger) bt S Kuznetsova (Russ) 4-6, 6-3,
6-4; K Flipkens (Bel) bt C Witthoeft (Ger) 1-6,
6-4, 6-3; S Voegele (Switz) bt M Frech (Pol) 6-3,
6-3; K von Deichmann (Liech) bt L Siegemund
(Ger) 7-6 (7-5), 2-3 ret.
Kick-off 7.45 unless stated
Football
Sky Bet Championship: Aston Villa v Leeds.
Women?s Super League One: Yeovil v Reading.
Rugby league
Betfred Super League: Leeds Rhinos v Wigan
Warriors.
Rugby union
Aviva Premiership: Newcastle v Sale Sharks.
Guinness Pro14: Cheetahs v Munster (6.35);
Glasgow v Connacht (7.35); Ulster v Ospreys (7.35).
the times | Friday April 13 2018
63
1G M
Sport
Henderson closes in on trainers? title
TIMES PHOTOGRAPHER BRADLEY ORMESHER
Mark Souster Racing Writer
Nicky Henderson closed in on a second
successive National Hunt trainers? title
yesterday after a grade one treble ?
including an imperious victory for
Might Bite ? on the opening day of the
Aintree meeting left him �0,000
clear of Paul Nicholls, his main rival.
Might Bite, his star turn, showed no
ill effects from his Gold Cup exertions
at Cheltenham last month to take the
Betway Bowl in ruthless fashion under
Nico de Boinville.
Henderson said that his nine-yearold will be aimed next season at the
Jockey Club?s �million bonus, for any
horse that wins the treble of the Betfair
Chase, the King George and the
Cheltenham Gold Cup. Last month,
Might Bite?s epic duel with Native River,
the eventual winner, provided one of
the great races of modern times.
?His jumping today was just an exhibition,? Henderson said. ?That?s it for
this season but next year I think we will
be a bit braver.? Might Bite had seven
lengths to spare over Bristol De Mai
after a performance that oozed class.
We Have A Dream and L?Ami Serge
brought up the treble for Henderson.
L?Ami Serge saw off Supasundae, the
favourite, in the Betway Aintree Hurdle, while We Have A Dream made
light work of his rivals in the Doom Bar
Anniversary 4-Y-O Juvenile Hurdle.
There was to be no fairytale for Guy
Disney in the Randox Health
Foxhunters? Chase. The former army
officer, who rides with a prosthetic
lower right leg and was the first
amputee to ride over the Grand
National fences, was the last of 12 finishers. He was not disheartened. ?That
is the sort of thing you would do every
day until you die if you could,? he said.
Tomorrow
12-page guide to the
big day at Aintree,
including Rob Wright?s
tips, silks guide and
course map
Might Bite, left, put in a brilliant display of jumping as he gained an easy win in the Betway Bowl at Aintree yesterday
Balko Des Flos can add to Cheltenham gains
Rob Wright Racing Editor
Balko Des Flos came of age when landing the Ryanair Chase at Cheltenham
and can follow up in the JLT Melling
Chase (3.25) at Aintree today.
He beat the top-class Un De Sceaux
by a comfortable four and a half lengths
there and, under similar conditions, can
prove too strong for Min, who does
most of his racing over shorter.
Snow Falcon can spring a surprise in
the Betway Mildmay Novices? Chase
(2.50). He ran a cracker at this meeting
a year ago, finishing third behind
Yanworth and Supasundae in the
Liverpool Hurdle.
This talented performer also finished
second in the Irish Cesarewitch on the
Flat in November and, hampered when
unseating in the Irish Grand National
last time, has not yet had a chance to
show what he can do over this sort of
trip over fences.
Rob Wright?s top tips
How to bet � at Aintree
Spiritofthegames (1.45pm)
�win at 9-1 William Hill
Snow Falcon (2.50pm)
� win at 10-1 William Hill
Flying Angel (4.05pm)
�win at 14-1 generally
TOTAL STAKE �
Fury?s salvo at Joshua
Boxing Tyson Fury believes that
he is ready to beat Anthony
Joshua, although the former
world heavyweight champion will
have to wait until next summer at
the earliest for the chance to win
back his belts (Ron Lewis writes).
The boxer announced yesterday
that he will return to the ring on
June 9 at Manchester Arena.
Who his opponent will be is not
yet known. It will be Fury?s first
match in over two and a half
years. He gave up or was stripped
of his titles after facing medical
problems and accepted a
backdated two-year ban from
antidoping authorities in
December. Fury called Joshua ?a
big old dosser, a belt carrier for
me? and said: ?I?m stronger, faster
than I was . . . I can?t explain how
happy I am.?
Hull extend run of wins
Rugby league Hull produced a
timely flourish of three tries in
five second-half minutes to win
39-20 away to Widnes Vikings
last night, their sixth victory in 11
Betfred Super League games.
Tom Gilmore?s conversion of the
first of Tom Olbison?s two tries
briefly put Widnes ahead, before
they were undone by Masi
Matongo crashing beneath their
posts, Josh Griffin grounding out
wide and Fetuli Talanoa taking
his try tally to a dozen for the
season. Marc Sneyd slotted a
65th-minute drop-goal. Hull had
started impressively with early
touchdowns by Bureta Faraimo
and Danny Washbrook, but
Olbison pulled a try back before
the break. Griffin and Jamie
Shaul scored further tries for Hull
in the last five minutes.
Yesterday?s racing results
Aintree
Going: good to soft (soft in places)
1.45 (2m 3f 200yd ch) 1, Finian?s Oscar (R M
Power, 5-2); 2, Rene?s Girl (8-1); 3, Calino D?Airy
(33-1). 6 ran. 2l, 3Nl. C Tizzard.
2.20 (2m 209yd hdle) 1, We Have A Dream
(D A Jacob, 2-1); 2, Gumball (20-1); 3, Apple?s
Shakira (13-8 fav). 10 ran. 7l, 10l. N Henderson.
2.50 (3m 210yd ch) 1, Might Bite (Nico de
Boinville, 4-5 fav); 2, Bristol De Mai (5-1);
3, Clan Des Obeaux (8-1). 8 ran. 7l, 3Nl.
N Henderson.
3.25 (2m 4f hdle) 1, L?Ami Serge (D A Jacob,
5-1); 2, Supasundae (11-10 fav); 3, Clyne (25-1).
9 ran. 3l, 3Ol. N Henderson.
4.05 (2m 5f 19yd ch) 1, Balnaslow (Mr Derek
O?Connor, 11-2); 2, Bear?s Affair (20-1); 3,
Greensalt (66-1). 21 ran. NR: Vincitore. 2Kl, 4l.
G J McKeever.
4.40 (1m 7f 176yd ch) 1, Bentelimar (J J Burke,
10-1); 2, Theinval (5-1); 3, Gino Trail (10-1);
4, Doitforthevillage (10-1). 16 ran. 3Nl, 18l.
C Longsdon.
5.15 (2m 209yd flat) 1, Getaway Katie Mai
(Mr J J Codd, 15-8 fav); 2, Midnightreferendum
(25-1); 3, Duhallow Gesture (10-1). 20 ran. 1Nl,
2Ol. J Queally.
Placepot: �.40.
Quadpot: �.40.
Southwell
Going: standard
1.55 (1m 13yd) 1, Amity Island (A Mullen, 5-1);
2, Gleaming Sun (7-4 fav); 3, Political Slot (8-1).
8 ran. Kl, 3Kl. O Pears.
2.30 (1m 13yd) 1, Victory Wave (Oisin Murphy,
11-8 fav); 2, Burgonet (14-1); 3, Raaqyah (2-1).
11 ran. 6l, Ol. S bin Suroor.
3.00 (4f 214yd) 1, Imagine If (Ben Sanderson,
33-1); 2, Jabbarockie (5-1); 3, Pearl Acclaim
(8-1). 14 ran. Kl, hd. R Fell.
3.35 (6f 16yd) 1, Zylan (Ben Sanderson, 11-4);
2, Feebs (10-1); 3, Tricky Dicky (9-4 fav). 7 ran.
NR: Scofflaw. 1Ol, Ol. R Fell.
4.15 (4f 214yd) 1, La Fortuna (Charles
Bishop, 7-2); 2, Twentysvnthlancers (16-1);
3, Kingstreet Lady (10-3 jt-fav). 13 ran. 1l, Ol.
C Wallis.
4.50 (1m 4f 14yd) 1, Amadeus (P Hanagan, 7-2);
2, Berkshire Spirit (5-4 fav); 3, Sunhill Lad (9-2).
5 ran. 9l, 7l. R Fahey.
5.25 (6f 16yd) 1, Da Capo Dandy (L P Keniry, 5-4
fav); 2, Zebelini (40-1); 3, Iconic Figure (10-1).
14 ran. 2Nl, sh hd. J Ewart.
Placepot: �.00.
Quadpot: �.70.
Taunton
Frost, 11-2); 2, Here?s Herbie (7-2); 3, Night
Of Sin (3-1 fav). 6 ran. 14l, 22l. P Nicholls.
Going: heavy
5.05 (2m 7f 3yd hdle) 1, Master Baker (Miss
Juanna Buck, 15-8 fav); . 6 ran. NR: Henrys Hill.
14l, 22l. Mrs L Jefford.
2.10 (2m 104yd hdle) 1, Karl Marx (D Crosse,
8-1); 2, Tierra Verde (7-2); 3, Amour D?or (40-1).
12 ran. 2Kl, nk. M Gillard.
2.40 (2m 3f 1yd hdle) 1, Blu Cavalier (Mr L
Williams, 11-10 fav); 2, Dentley De Mee (13-8);
3, Mead Vale (100-1). 7 ran. 18l, 19l. P Nicholls.
3.15 (2m 7f 198yd hdle) 1, Luckime (Charlie
Deutsch, 11-8 fav); 2, Robert?s Star (5-2);
3, Late Shipment (8-1). 5 ran. Nk, 14l. Miss
V Williams.
5.35 (2m 104yd flat) 1, Miss Heritage (Jack
Quinlan, 5-1); 2, Briery Express (10-1); 3, Willow
May (11-4 fav). 8 ran. 8l, 12l. D Elsworth.
Placepot: �.40.
Quadpot: �.90.
Chelmsford
3.55 (2m 2f 40yd ch) 1, Exmoor Mist (James
Best, 15-8 fav); 2, Le Coeur Net (2-1); 3,
Smoking Dixie (3-1). 4 ran. 5l, 2l. V Dartnall.
Going: standard
5.45 (5f) 1, Lady Prancealot (J F Egan, 1-2 fav);
2, Piccothepack (3-1); 3, Blasim (10-1). 6 ran.
NR: Harperelle. 1Ol, 1Kl. P D Evans.
4.30 (2m 3f 1yd hdle) 1, Risk And Roll (Bryony
6.15 (7f) 1, Loyalty (P Mathers, 7-1); 2, Nibras
YOU WAIT AGES
FOR A LEGEND...
Ally McCoist joins Alan Brazil on the
Sports Breakfast. This morning from 6-10am.
10
089/1053AM ? DAB Radio ? App ? talk
kSPORT.com
Again (7-2 jt-fav); 3, Time To Reason (14-1).
8 ran. 6l, sh hd. D Shaw.
6.45 (1m) 1, Mootasadir (James Doyle, 4-1);
2, Commander Han (10-11 fav); 3, Sallab (5-2).
6 ran. Ol, 3Ol. H Palmer.
7.15 (1m 2f) 1, Duke Of Bronte (Oisin Murphy,
8-1); 2, Abareeq (10-1); 3, Maratha (9-4 fav).
9 ran. ns, 2Kl. B R Millman.
7.45 (5f) 1, Tavener (Andrea Atzeni, 12-1);
2, Poyle Vinnie (11-1); 3, Leo Minor (7-1). 7 ran.
2l, sh hd. D C Griffiths.
8.15 (5f) 1, Powerful Dream (David Probert,
9-2); 2, King Crimson (8-1); 3, Raffle King (11-4
fav). 11 ran. 1Kl, Kl. R Harris.
8.45 (1m 5f 66yd) 1, Blame Me Forever (M M
Monaghan, 20-1); 2, Deadly Reel (7-1); 3, Father
Ailbe (5-1). 7 ran. Nk, Kl. M Botti.
Placepot: �8.00.
Quadpot: �.50.
64
1G M
Friday April 13 2018 | the times
Sport Racing
1
Minella Rocco
2
Second in 2017 Gold Cup;
frustrating since
Won Becher Chase in
style; stays well
14-1
5
Grand
National
sweepstake
kit
9
Shantou Flyer
10
14
17
Warriors Tale
18
22
Raz De Maree
26
Maggio
30
Lord Windermere
34
Milansbar
Ucello Conti
23
Tried and tested over
this sort of trip
27
31
Pendra
50-1
20
Gas Line Boy
25-1
24
Saint Are
100-1
28
Virgilio
16-1
32
Buywise
50-1
Reserve 1 Thunder And Roses
Reserve 2 Delusionofgrandeur
50-1
Houblon Des Obeaux
36
Bags of experience but
getting on a bit
40
Double Ross
50-1
Ascot form is good;
stamina in doubt
66-1
Road To Riches
Snuck into the field;
probably past his best
50-1
Reserve 3 Walk In The Mill
66-1
Bless The Wings
50-1
Could find a few too
good on the day
Never faced anything like
this before
Childrens List
Some solid form but
minimal chasing experience
Stays well; could run into
a place
39
Baie Des Iles
Trend-buster but popular
in the betting
50-1
Final Nudge
Beeves
Solid jumper; perhaps
lacks class to win
Marathon trip should
suit him; chance
35
The Dutchman
Lack of experience could
count against him
50-1
Captain Redbeard
Chase The Spud
Midlands National winner;
wants it soft
66-1
33-1
66-1
16
Long break since latest
run is a concern
Looks well suited to this
unique test
Fell on each of his past
two outings ? a concern
Vieux Lion Rouge
Placed in this twice,
pulled-up once; lottery
25-1
38
20-1
50-1
I Just Know
Vicente
Dual Scottish National
winner; proven stamina
33-1
Good chance if stamina
holds out
66-1
12
Back for a third attempt;
fifth last year
66-1
2014 Gold Cup winner;
past his best now
37
19
Distant 13th in 2016; only
run twice since
66-1
33
Seeyouatmidnight
25-1
Not much to get excited
about
Carlingford Lough
28-1
Unknown quantity after
Catterick romp
28-1
66-1
Goes well round here,
but unpredictable
20-1
Welsh National winner,
but 13 now
29
15
Consistent but rarely
wins races
25-1
25
Regal Encore
Perfect Candidate
Pulled up last year; doubts,
despite his name
50-1
14-1
Decent effort last year;
2lb lower now
8
Past his best on this
season?s efforts
Proven ability and stamina;
solid claims
50-1
Pleasant Company
11
28-1
Progressive profile, but
stamina in doubt
21
Tenor Nivernais
Solid run last year and
still improving
12-1
Alpha Des Obeaux
33-1
100-1
Triple Cheltenham Festival
winner; class act
14-1
Winning connections in
2016; comes here fresh
Two poor efforts this
season; outsider
33-1
Guide to running
your sweep
7
10-1
Consistent lately, but will
he stay?
Tiger Roll
Total Recall
The Last Samuri
Disappointing last year
but carries 3lb less now
11-1
Ladbrokes Trophy
victor; class act
50-1
13
Don?t miss the 12-page
Grand National pullout in
The Times tomorrow
6
4
Anibale Fly
Gold Cup third; now
ahead of the handicap
12-1
Quiet this season, but
multiple grade one winner
in association with
Forty runners will line up for the
world?s greatest race ? the
Randox Health Grand National ?
at Aintree tomorrow (5.15pm),
and you can join in the fun by
organising your own
sweepstake using our colour
guide to the action.
All you have to do is cut out the
44 possible runners on the right,
fold them up and place them in
a hat. Decide how much to
charge to enter (say �. Each
time someone draws out a
horse, write their name in the
space provided in the list below.
Remember, there can only be 40
runners, so four people will
draw non-runners. Reserves
have until 1pm today to be
added to the race. The odds
displayed, subject to fluctuation,
are courtesy of Paddy Power.
It is up to you how you
distribute the prize money, but if
you have charged people �to
enter (giving you � in total),
you could give � to the
winner, � to the runner-up, �to the third and �to the fourth.
Or perhaps you could pay only
�to the fourth and give a
consolation �to whoever has
drawn the last runner to
complete the course.
Valseur Lido
3
Blaklion
Reserve 4 Vintage Clouds
Solid claims on this
season?s form
33-1
Who got which horse? Record the sweepstake results here
1 Minella Rocco
2 Blaklion
3 Anibale Fly
4 The Last Samuri
5 Valseur Lido
6 Total Recall
7 Alpha Des Obeaux
8 Perfect Candidate
9 Shantou Flyer
10 Tenor Nivernais
11 Carlingford Lough
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
Vicente
Tiger Roll
Regal Encore
Vieux Lion Rouge
Chase The Spud
Warriors Tale
Seeyouatmidnight
Gas Line Boy
The Dutchman
Pleasant Company
Ucello Conti
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
Saint Are
Beeves
Raz De Maree
I Just Know
Virgilio
Baie Des Iles
Maggio
Pendra
Buywise
Childrens List
Lord Windermere
34 Captain Redbeard
35 Houblon Des Obeaux
36 Bless The Wings
37 Milansbar
38 Final Nudge
39 Double Ross
40 Road To Riches
R1 Thunder And Roses
R2 Delusionofgrandeur
R3 Walk In The Mill
R4 Vintage Clouds
the times | Friday April 13 2018
65
1G M
Sport
Rob Wright
1.45 Spiritofthegames (nb)
4.05 Flying Angel
2.20 Vision Des Flos
4.40 Santini
2.50 Snow Falcon (nap)
5.15 Arthur Mac
3.25 Balko Des Flos
Thunderer: 2.50 Terrefort. 3.25 Min (nap).
Going: good to soft, soft in places (Mildmay and hurdles
courses); soft (Grand National course)
Racing UK
1.45
Alder Hey Children's Charity Handicap
Hurdle (Grade III: �,203: 2m 4f) (20 runners)
146
J Bowen (3)
1 00110P JENKINS 28 (P,D,G,S) N Henderson 6-11-12
147
W Hutchinson
2 033-35 WHO DARES WINS 29 (S) A King 6-11-11
147
3 B41030 COURT MINSTREL 55 (C,D,G,S) E Williams 11-11-9 Miss I Williams (7)
121
4 -00000 IVANOVICH GORBATOV 28 (H,T,G,S) J P O'Brien (Ire) 6-11-7
B J Geraghty
148
5 1-1235 SPIRITOFTHEGAMES 28 (P,D,F,G,S) D Skelton 6-11-1
Bridget Andrews (3)
145
H Cobden
6 /25F11 STORM HOME 36 (S) C Tizzard 6-11-0
147
H Skelton
7 0-0502 THREE MUSKETEERS 86 (P,D,BF,S) D Skelton 8-11-0
146
Mr L Williams (7)
8 -56022 ZUBAYR 27 (S) P Nicholls 6-11-0
1P-266
147
LOUGH
DERG
SPIRIT
28
(G,S)
N
Henderson
6-10-13
J
McGrath
9
143
B Hughes
10 41-600 PROJECT BLUEBOOK 62 (G,S) J J Quinn 5-10-12
150
D J Mullins
11 330341 GRAND PARTNER 35 (D,G,S) T Mullins (Ire) 10-10-12
147
M P Walsh
12 00-350 MASSINI'S TRAP 68 (B,CD,F,G,S) J Nash (Ire) 9-10-12
145
R Dunne
13 3213P2 JESTER JET 62 (D,G,S) T Lacey 8-10-9
144
T Scudamore
14 -F1310 EAMON AN CNOIC 31 (P,D,G,S) D Pipe 7-10-8
144
T Cannon
15 540/33 WILDE BLUE YONDER 64 (BF,S) A King 9-10-8
148
D Sansom (5)
16 -12511 LANDIN 39 (D,G,S) J S Mullins 5-10-8
148
N De Boinville
17 P6-432 CYRIUS MORIVIERE 22 (T,G,S) B Pauling 8-10-4
147
C Gethings
18 50-064 SUMKINDOFKING 132 (T,W,BF,G,S) T George 7-10-2
J Hamilton v151
19 -45246 CORNBOROUGH 89 (C,G,S) M Walford 7-10-1
145
J E Moore
20 P1-063 EATON HILL 103 (T,D,G,S) K Lee 6-10-0
8-1 Spiritofthegames, 9-1 Lough Derg Spirit, Storm Home, Zubayr, 10-1 Ivanovich Gorbatov, Who
Dares Wins, 12-1 Eamon An Cnoic, Jenkins, Landin, 14-1 Grand Partner, 16-1 others.
Rob Wright?s choice: Spiritofthegames will relish this stiffer test after his
fifth in the County Hurdle Dangers: Eamon An Cnoic, Three Musketeers
2.20
Betway Top Novices' Hurdle
ITV
(Grade I: �,130: 2m 103y) (15)
Ross Chapman
1 -11341 BEDROCK 28 (T,D,S) I Jardine 5-11-4
P Brennan
2 P1-120 COOLANLY 30 (D,S) F O'Brien 6-11-4
Josh Moore
3 2U4121 DISTINGO 27 (V,D,S) G L Moore 5-11-4
D Jacob
4 -15211 GLOBAL CITIZEN 48 (D,F,G,S) B Pauling 6-11-4
5 2-2212 IMPACT FACTOR 47 (D,BF,S) Mrs J Harrington (Ire) 6-11-4 M P Walsh
R Johnson
6 1-2320 LALOR 62 (C,D,G,S) Mrs K Woollacott 6-11-4
Kempton Park
Rob Wright
5.45 Percy Prosecco
7.45 Mighty Mac
6.15 Oud Metha Bridge 8.15 Parmenter
6.45 Puds
8.45 Sea The Waves
7.15 Towelrads Boy
Going: standard
Racing UK
Draw: 5f-1m, low numbers best
5.45
Handicap
(3-Y-O: �105: 1m) (12)
1 (7) 004- GAS MONKEY 185 Miss J Feilden 9-8
Shelley Birkett (3)
2 (11) 000- PERCY PROSECCO 168 N Williams 9-8 Rossa Ryan (5)
L Keniry
3 (5) 5500- LYFORD 240 S Kirk 9-7
4 (2) 00-30 BELOVED KNIGHT 64 (BF) Mrs L Mongan 9-7
Jason Watson (7)
5 (4) 000- SPRING PRAISE 139 (W,T) M Botti 9-7
M M Monaghan (3)
K O'Neill
6 (9) 000-6 HAPPY ENDING 52 J S Mullins 9-5
7 (8) 60-64 WYNFAUL THE WIZARD 7 Richard Guest 9-3 F Norton
R Hornby
8 (3) 000- IPSILANTE 163 J Portman 9-2
S De Sousa
9 (12) 05064 AIGLETTE 7 (P) L Dace 9-1
10(10) 0-046 DRAGON TATTOO 25 (P) Mrs L Jewell 9-1 R Havlin
J Haynes
11 (1) 00-0 SEAQUINN 83 John Best 8-12
12 (6) 000- SAINT ANTHONY 157 (P) M Tompkins 8-12 S W Kelly
4-1 Spring Praise, 9-2 Wynfaul The Wizard, 11-2 Gas Monkey, 7-1 Percy
Prosecco, 8-1 Beloved Knight, 10-1 Aiglette, Happy Ending, 12-1 others.
6.15
Handicap (�469: 1m) (14)
(9) 4005- TAI HANG DRAGON 158 (C) R Hannon 4-9-7 S Levey
(13) 4110- MUDALLEL 200 (CD,BF) E Dunlop 4-9-6 James Doyle
C Shepherd
(2) 4-121 LACAN 29 (CD) B Johnson 7-9-6
(7) 0-212 OUD METHA BRIDGE 21 (CD,BF) Miss J Feilden 4-9-5
Shelley Birkett (3)
5 (14) 41134 OUTER SPACE 23 (P,C) J Flint 7-9-5 Rossa Ryan (5)
J Crowley
6 (8) 1/0-2 SAMHARRY 17 (BF) J Gosden 4-9-4
7 (3) 5110/ PIKE CORNER CROSS 478 (CD) E De Giles 6-9-4
S De Sousa
8 (11) 13131 DARK ALLIANCE 16 (D) D M Loughnane 7-9-4
E Greatrex
S Donohoe
9 (5) 1000- FIRE TREE 196 (D) C Fellowes 5-9-2
10 (6) -2432 CAINHOE STAR 22 (B,C,D) A Carson 5-9-1W A Carson
O Murphy
11(12) 000-0 SIR RODERIC 20 (D) B Millman 5-9-1
12 (1) 3011- SPIRIT OF BELLE 157 (B,C) P Cole 4-9-1 P J McDonald
13(10) 05-01 KINGSTON KURRAJONG 23 (CD) W Knight 5-9-0
M Harley
D Muscutt
14 (4) 006-0 SIR PLATO 21 (CD) B Millman 4-9-0
9-2 Samharry, 5-1 Oud Metha Bridge, 6-1 Lacan, Mudallel, 7-1 Kingston
Kurrajong, 12-1 Cainhoe Star, Dark Alliance, 14-1 others.
1
2
3
4
6.45
Fillies' Handicap (�752: 6f) (9)
A Kirby
(1) 41-42 DELILAH PARK 39 (BF) Clive Cox 4-10-0
W A Carson
(5) -0653 CURIOUS FOX 9 (CD) A Carson 5-9-9
(8) 2226- EXCELLENT SUNSET 288 E Vaughan 4-9-9 S Donohoe
(3) 002-1 DOTTED SWISS 10 (D) R Hannon 3-9-8 T Marquand
O Murphy
(6) 022- PUDS 146 C Hills 3-9-2
P Dobbs
(2) 062- RICHENZA 220 R Beckett 3-9-2
(7) 1-222 KODIAC EXPRESS 13 (BF) Mike Murphy 3-8-13
J Crowley
8 (4) 3333- ALBA DEL SOLE 133 (BF) I Furtado 3-8-11
P J McDonald
D Muscutt
9 (9) 02203 FLORA TRISTAN 9 (H) M Botti 3-8-11
4-1 Delilah Park, Dotted Swiss, 9-2 Kodiac Express, 13-2 Curious Fox, 7-1
Puds, Richenza, 8-1 Flora Tristan, 14-1 Alba Del Sole, Excellent Sunset.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
7.15
Novice Stakes (�469: 6f) (12)
3-1 KHAMRY 21 (C) O Burrows 5-10-6
J Crowley
36 DRAGSTONE ROCK 8 Richard Spencer 4-10-0
S Donohoe
J Egan
3 (11) 04 LEGAL MIND 21 E Owen 5-10-0
A Kirby
4 (8) 15- CHAGATAI 323 Clive Cox 3-9-8
S Levey
5 (1) 0400- ETEFAAQ 181 (D) R Hannon 3-9-8
P J McDonald
6 (2) 61- TOWELRADS BOY 157 P Cole 3-9-8
Fran Berry
7 (6) 21- INITIATIVE 304 (D) H Spiller 3-9-5
3 CAPLA DEMON 13 Miss G Kelleway 3-9-2 A Jones (3)
8 (10)
MIRACLE WORKS E Walker 3-9-2
L Keniry
9 (4)
SCOOTER R Charlton 3-9-2
K Shoemark
10 (3)
AD VALOREM QUEEN W Knight 3-8-11
M Harley
11 (7)
FANTASTIC FLYER D Ivory 3-8-11
R Hornby
12(12)
9-4 Etefaaq, 3-1 Khamry, 7-2 Chagatai, 7-1 Scooter, 10-1 Towelrads Boy,
12-1 Initiative, 16-1 Miracle Works, 25-1 others.
1 (9)
2 (5)
7.45
135
134
134
148
139
136
-1222U
-21100
6-11P3
2
13420
-1145F
-34216
3-1142
12112P
MIDNIGHT SHADOW 23 (D,BF,S) Mrs S Smith 5-11-4
D Cook
MIND'S EYE 30 (D,S) H De Bromhead (Ire) 6-11-4
D N Russell
ORNUA 177 (W,D,G) H De Bromhead (Ire) 7-11-4
N Fehily
SCARLET DRAGON 48 (H) A King 5-11-4
W Hutchinson
SIMPLY THE BETTS 31 (D,G) H Whittington 5-11-4
S Bowen
SLATE HOUSE 31 (T,D,G,S) C Tizzard 6-11-4
H Cobden
VISION DES FLOS 30 (T,D,S) C Tizzard 5-11-4
R M Power
STYLE DE GARDE 30 (H,D,S) N Henderson 4-10-12
N De Boinville
IRISH ROE 62 (D,G,S) P Atkinson 7-10-11
H Brooke
Wright choice: Balko Des Flos was impressive when beating Un De Sceaux
in the Ryanair Chase at Cheltenham and can follow up
Danger: Min
Wright choice: Vision Des Flos drops in trip after racing too freely when
sixth to Samcro at Cheltenham Dangers: Scarlet Dragon, Global Citizen
2.50
Betway Mildmay Novices' Chase
ITV
(Grade I: �,130: 3m 210y) (10)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
112115
-61141
532411
221213
202111
-2315U
313112
0-1110
1-111F
311122
BLACK CORTON 30 (T,D,F,G,S) P Nicholls 7-11-4
CAPTAIN CHAOS 54 (B,CD,S) D Skelton 7-11-4
COO STAR SIVOLA 31 (D,S) N Williams 6-11-4
ELEGANT ESCAPE 30 (P,D,S) C Tizzard 6-11-4
HOGAN'S HEIGHT 23 (T,S) J Snowden 7-11-4
SNOW FALCON 11 (D,G,S) N Meade (Ire) 8-11-4
TERREFORT 29 (BF,S) N Henderson 5-11-4
TESTIFY 31 (S) D McCain 7-11-4
MIA'S STORM 108 (BF,G,S) A King 8-10-11
MS PARFOIS 31 (T,D,S) A Honeyball 7-10-11
Bryony Frost
H Skelton
Lizzie Kelly
H Cobden
G Sheehan
S W Flanagan
D Jacob
B Hughes
W Hutchinson
N Fehily
163
150
154
159
149
155
163
153
v164
161
11-4 Terrefort, 9-2 Elegant Escape, 5-1 Ms Parfois, 6-1 Mia's Storm, 7-1 Coo Star Sivola, 8-1 Black
Corton, 10-1 Snow Falcon, 20-1 Testify, 25-1 Captain Chaos, Hogan's Height.
Wright choice: Snow Falcon was hampered when unseating his rider in the
Irish National and can bounce back
Dangers: Terrefort, Mia?s Storm
Course specialists
Aintree: Trainers C Tizzard, 10 from 32 runners, 31.2%;
N Henderson, 20 from 96, 20.8%; T George, 9 from 53, 17.0%;
W Mullins, 8 from 47, 17.0%. Jockeys R M Power, 4 from 9 rides,
44.4%; D J Mullins, 3 from 12, 25.0%; N De Boinville, 9 from 41,
22.0%; A P Heskin, 5 from 26, 19.2%; B J Geraghty, 8 from 44, 18.2%.
Kempton: Trainers A Watson, 14 from 45, 31.1%; J Gosden,
61 from 253, 24.1%; R Varian, 32 from 175, 18.3%.
Jockeys James Doyle, 66 from 271, 24.4%; S De Sousa, 38 from
239, 15.9%; R Kingscote, 40 from 257, 15.6%.
Sedgefield: Trainers Dr R Newland, 4 from 13, 30.8%; N Richards,
5 from 17, 29.4%; B Ellison, 29 from 128, 22.7%.
Jockeys B Powell, 3 from 10, 30.0%; J Colliver, 11 from 64, 17.2%;
S W Quinlan, 10 from 97, 10.3%.
Handicap
S Levey
(5) 3-124 GALLOWAY HILLS 55 D Elsworth 9-7
(1) 1622- CENTRAL CITY 144 (D,BF) H Palmer 9-6 James Doyle
J Egan
(4) 0010- TRICKSY SPIRIT 218 (D) M Channon 9-5
(8) 6-224 BLACK SAILS 14 (H,D,BF) A Watson 9-5 E Greatrex
(10) 214- RAGSTONE ROAD 205 (D) M McGrath 9-4 S W Kelly
(9) 4356- CHARACTER WITNESS 168 R Varian 9-3
David Egan (3)
R Kingscote
7 (7) 0-515 MIGHTY MAC 28 (D,BF) R Beckett 9-0
O Murphy
8 (6) 6331- AIRSHOW 167 (D) B Millman 8-13
9 (2) 256-2 ROYAL HOUSEHOLD 7 (P,D,BF) R Hannon 8-12
Hollie Doyle
C Bishop
10 (3) 430- SCENERY 188 E Houghton 8-12
7-2 Royal Household, 5-1 Central City, Mighty Mac, 13-2 Galloway Hills,
7-1 Character Witness, 9-1 Scenery, 10-1 Airshow, 12-1 others.
Fillies' Handicap
(3-Y-O: �752: 1m 3f 219y) (7)
M Harley
1 (6) 040- PARMENTER 168 A King 9-7
M Godwin (3)
2 (7) 4323- SASSIE 153 S Kirk 9-7
3 (5) 00-1 FOLIES BERGERES 23 (C) J Portman 9-5
Nicola Currie (5)
S De Sousa
4 (2) -2020 POLAR LIGHT 7 (P) D Elsworth 9-4
E Greatrex
5 (3) 60-31 CASIMA 15 A Watson 9-4
R Hornby
6 (1) 0215- SHOW OF FORCE 177 J Portman 9-2
James Doyle
7 (4) 66-0 INDIA 23 Michael Bell 9-1
9-4 Casima, 5-1 Folies Bergeres, Parmenter, Sassie, 6-1 India, Polar Light,
14-1 Show Of Force.
Handicap
(�105: 7f) (14)
1 (4) 3400- COASTAL CYCLONE 179 H Dunlop 4-9-9 S De Sousa
2 (1) -0542 CHETAN 15 (T,CD) C Wallis 6-9-7 Joshua Bryan (5)
L Keniry
3 (12) 004-1 WELOOF 29 J Butler 4-9-7
P J McDonald
4 (5) 05/63 SEA THE WAVES 21 E Owen 5-9-6
R Hornby
5 (13) 60-13 GRECIAN DIVINE 6 J Tuite 4-9-6
6 (11) 200-0 RIGHT ABOUT NOW 15 C Dwyer 4-9-4 J Cooley (7)
O Murphy
7 (3) 1-602 UBLA 11 (P,C,D) Miss G Kelleway 5-9-4
F Norton
8 (10) 55325 TELLOVOI 4 (B,D) Richard Guest 10-9-4
9 (9) 0-005 CONNEMERA QUEEN 2 (D) J Butler 5-9-4 T Clark (3)
A Kirby
10 (6) 0-651 MIME DANCE 9 (V,D) J Butler 7-9-4
11 (7) 300-0 DANA'S PRESENT 98 (C) A G Newcombe 9-9-0
E J Walsh (3)
12 (2) -4100 LOCOMMOTION 12 (D) M Salaman 6-8-13 R Havlin
13(14) 00065 DEAR BRUIN 9 (P,D) D Drinkwater 6-8-12
W A Carson
14 (8) 36-65 GETTIN' LUCKY 66 (P) R Brisland 5-8-7 G Wood (3)
4-1 Mime Dance, 11-2 Weloof, 7-1 Chetan, Coastal Cyclone, Locommotion,
Ubla, 10-1 Grecian Divine, Sea The Waves, Tellovoi, 20-1 others.
Sedgefield
Rob Wright
2.00 Princess Mononoke 4.15 Knockrobin
2.30 Red Danaher
4.50 Avondhu Pearl
3.05 Bulkov
5.20 Classical Sound
3.40 Frankie Ballou
Going: heavy
7am inspection
At The Races
2.00
ITV
7-2 Vision Des Flos, 9-2 Irish Roe, 5-1 Global Citizen, 11-2 Style De Garde, 7-1 Ornua, Slate House,
14-1 Scarlet Dragon, 16-1 Impact Factor, 22-1 Bedrock, 25-1 Lalor, 33-1 others.
1
2
3
4
5
6
8.45
JLT Melling Chase
174
1 -12321 BALKO DES FLOS 29 (D,G,S) H De Bromhead (Ire) 7-11-7 D N Russell
162
B Hughes
2 -22223 CLOUDY DREAM 29 (D,G,S) R Jefferson 8-11-7
161
B J Geraghty
3 P-2301 LE PREZIEN 28 (T,S) P Nicholls 7-11-7
P Townend v176
4 -11d12 MIN 30 (D,S) W Mullins (Ire) 7-11-7
167
S Twiston-Davies
5 -11124 POLITOLOGUE 30 (H,T,D,S) P Nicholls 7-11-7
162
R M Power
6 51-PP1 SIZING GRANITE 21 (T,C,D,G,S) C Tizzard 10-11-7
13-8 Min, 2-1 Balko Des Flos, 9-2 Politologue, 8-1 Cloudy Dream, 16-1 Le Prezien, Sizing Granite.
2.30
(3-Y-O: �469: 6f) (10)
8.15
3.25
141
138
149
137
135
148
v153
147
152
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Aintree
Handicap Hurdle
(�119: 2m 178y) (9)
1 505-5 HARDROCK DAVIS 72 K Dalgleish 7-11-12 C Bewley (3)
2 03142 PRINCESS MONONOKE 29 (CD) D McCain 7-11-10
Miss A McCain (7)
T Dowson (3)
3 42212 PC DIXON 19 (D) V Thompson 5-11-9
005
BOOBOROWIE
37
Ali
Stronge
5-11-8
B Powell
4
S Coltherd (5)
5 36450 BUDARRI 19 (H) W S Coltherd 5-11-6
6 P-013 STRAIT RUN 36 (T,P,CD) M D Hammond 7-10-13
J Colliver
000 IVORS INVOLVEMENT 21 Miss T Jackson 6-10-11
7
A Nicol
8 FF2P4 ROMAN NUMERAL 75 (D) D Thompson 10-10-8
N Moscrop (5)
C Nichol
9 00/P4 FIGHTING BACK 29 H Hogarth 7-10-5
5-2 Princess Mononoke, 100-30 Hardrock Davis, 4-1 Pc Dixon, 11-2 Strait
Run, 10-1 Booborowie, 14-1 Budarri, Roman Numeral, 33-1 others.
Blinkered first time: Kempton Park 6.15 Cainhoe Star.
4.05
Randox Health Topham Handicap
Chase (Grade III: �,582: 2m 5f 19y) (30)
332F50 DEVILS BRIDE 166 (T,P,D,F,G,S) H De Bromhead (Ire) 11-11-12
150
J J Slevin (3)
4-3450 O O SEVEN 31 (D,G,S) N Henderson 8-11-10
153
A Coleman
-P2443 TOP GAMBLE 28 (T,D,G,S) K Lee 10-11-10
152
J Bowen (3)
0P-FP0 VILLAGE VIC 29 (D,G,S) P Hobbs 11-11-10
92
R Johnson
000-14 CLARCAM 124 (T,P,D,G,S) G Elliott (Ire) 8-11-9
153
D N Russell
0P-F24 ART MAURESQUE 48 (D,F,G,S) P Nicholls 8-11-9
154
N Scholfield
P-5430 FLYING ANGEL 76 (W,D,G,S) N Twiston-Davies 7-11-8
T Bellamy v158
30-105 POLIDAM 68 (W,H,G,S) W Mullins (Ire) 9-11-6
141
D Jacob
-54200 VIBRATO VALTAT 48 (T,G,S) Miss E Lavelle 9-11-5
156
A Wedge
30-06B BOUVREUIL 28 (T,S) P Nicholls 7-11-2
136
S Twiston-Davies
-302P0 ULTRAGOLD 29 (T,CD,G,S) C Tizzard 10-11-1
149
H Cobden
P0P-00 EASTLAKE 28 (T,CD,F,G,S) Jonjo O'Neill 12-11-1
132
B J Geraghty
154
105130 MIDNIGHT SHOT 29 (D,F,G,S) C Longsdon 8-10-13
J J Burke
-U0001 BIGBADJOHN 63 (D,G,S) N Twiston-Davies 9-10-12
151
J Bargary
/644P4 BALLYALTON 29 (D,G,S) I Williams 11-10-12
152
T O'Brien
411104 DEAUVILLE DANCER 27 (T,G,S) D Dennis 7-10-10
153
B Hughes
-23625 KILCREA VALE 27 (BF,G,S) N Henderson 8-10-9
156
J McGrath
/2P-3P HIGHLAND LODGE 83 (P,C,D,S) J Moffatt 12-10-9
148
H Brooke
/00-00 SHANAHAN'S TURN 29 (T,D,G,S) C Tizzard 10-10-8
139
R M Power
231312 BEAU BAY 19 (H,T,D,S) Dr R Newland 7-10-8
151
W Kennedy
P6P121 RATHLIN ROSE 19 (B,G,S) D Pipe 10-10-7
152
T Scudamore
-22323 THEATRE TERRITORY 48 (P,S) W Greatrex 8-10-6
155
Mr S Waley-Cohen (3)
154
H Reed (5)
23 -51353 INDIAN TEMPLE 102 (D,G,S) T Reed 9-10-6
152
Matt Griffiths
24 354213 NOTARFBAD 22 (H,D,F,G,S) J Scott 12-10-5
157
C Shoemark
25 -0303F MINELLA ON LINE 28 (P,G,S) O Sherwood 9-10-4
146
J Moore
26 251354 NEWSWORTHY 27 (D,G,S) Mrs D Love (Ire) 8-10-4
138
27 06PP5P ROGUE ANGEL 11 (T,P,S) M Morris (Ire) 10-10-4 Rachael Blackmore
151
C O'Farrell
28 31-U65 GREYBOUGG 48 (S) N Hawke 9-10-0
139
P Brennan
29 01-443 MYSTIFIABLE 20 (T,D,G,S) F O'Brien 10-10-0
153
S Bowen
30 41P103 FLYING EAGLE 174 (T,B,D,G,S) P Bowen 10-10-0
8-1 O O Seven, Theatre Territory, 10-1 Flying Angel, 12-1 Ballyalton, Bouvreuil, Polidam, Top
Gamble, 14-1 Highland Lodge, 16-1 Art Mauresque, Kilcrea Vale, 20-1 others.
Wright choice: Flying Angel has had a breathing operation since last seen
and goes well at this track
Dangers: Shanahan?s Turn, Rogue Angel
1 03312 HERESMYNUMBER 6 (T,P) Ali Stronge 8-11-12
L Murtagh (5)
2 10412 RED DANAHER 23 (C,D) Mrs S Smith 11-11-5
Mr K Yeoman (7)
Mr S Quinlan (7)
3 22203 BOBONYX 29 Dai Williams 8-10-8
4 PU-06 MAJOR RIDGE 79 M D Hammond 9-10-7
Miss Becky Smith (5)
5 62313 NELLY LA RUE 21 (P) V Thompson 11-10-1 T Dowson (3)
10-11 Heresmynumber, 5-2 Red Danaher, 6-1 Nelly La Rue, 13-2 Bobonyx,
20-1 Major Ridge.
Novices' Hurdle
(�094: 2m 178y) (8)
1 15221 BULKOV 50 (CD) M D Hammond 6-12-2
Miss Becky Smith (5)
2 12023 WHOSHOTWHO 193 (H,BF) Dr R Newland 7-11-9
C Hammond (7)
546 ANIMATED HERO 48 (T) R Menzies 5-11-2
T Kelly
3
ANOTHER GO 220F S Haynes 5-11-2
N Moscrop (5)
4
5 60-45 BARNEY'S CAULKER 271 (T) M Barnes 7-11-2
D Irving (3)
F-3 GREEN LIGHT 19F B Ellison 7-11-2
C King
6
A Nicol
7 0-0PP GRIMTHORPE 91 Miss T Jackson 7-11-2
2 ILAYA M D Hammond 4-10-3
J Colliver
8
5-6 Bulkov, 2-1 Whoshotwho, 10-1 Green Light, Ilaya, 16-1 Animated
Hero, 40-1 Another Go, 50-1 Barney's Caulker, Grimthorpe.
3.40
Novices' Handicap Chase
(�614: 2m 77y) (5)
1 2P112 FRANKIE BALLOU 21 (H,P,CD,BF) Miss J Foster 9-11-12
S W Quinlan
F O'Toole (3)
2 13234 PADDLING 21 M D Hammond 7-11-10
R Day (3)
3 00-10 BOOK OF LOVE 13 M Todhunter 9-10-12
C Nichol
4 000-4 MONBEG CAVE 198 (P) M Todhunter 6-10-6
5 F06P5 RAPID FRITZ 31 (T) V Thompson 9-10-0 T Dowson (3)
6-4 Frankie Ballou, 2-1 Paddling, 7-2 Book Of Love, 8-1 Monbeg Cave, 25-1
Rapid Fritz.
4.15
Novices' Hurdle
(�094: 2m 3f 188y) (9)
-4231 KNOCKROBIN 20 (T,D) D McCain 7-11-7 L Murtagh (5)
31111 GLITTERING LOVE 20P N Richards 6-11-0
R Day (3)
-2463 JUST BOBBY 75 M D Hammond 5-11-0
J Colliver
52535 PARSONAL 15 Mrs S Humphrey 5-11-0
T Whelan
-2046 PHANTOM ISLE 21 C Grant 5-11-0
C Bewley (3)
P-000 THE PADDY PIE 260 Mrs S Smith 5-11-0
S W Quinlan
PPPP4 TRUST ME I'M A DR 18 V Thompson 9-11-0
T Dowson (3)
8 0P3P6 BEYOND THE GLEN 21 C Grant 8-10-7 Mr D Hurst (7)
9 UPP- BEYOND THE STARS 349P M Barnes 7-10-7 D Irving (3)
1-8 Knockrobin, 10-1 Just Bobby, 16-1 Glittering Love, The Paddy Pie, 33-1
Phantom Isle, 50-1 Parsonal, 66-1 Beyond The Glen, 100-1 others.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
4.50
Mares' Handicap Chase
(�614: 2m 5f 28y) (5)
1 04133 PRETTY MISS MAHLER 211 (D) M Todhunter 7-11-12
R Day (3)
2 4012P SHINE AWAY 161 (D) Mrs S Smith 8-11-11 S W Quinlan
-0234
HEPBURN
17
(T,P)
Ali
Stronge
5-11-9
L
Murtagh
(5)
3
4 6P003 AVONDHU PEARL 13 W S Coltherd 7-10-12
S Coltherd (5)
5 05341 BENNYS GIRL 17 (D) Dai Williams 10-10-2
Mr S Quinlan (7)
11-4 Pretty Miss Mahler, Shine Away, 3-1 Bennys Girl, 4-1 Avondhu Pearl,
7-1 Hepburn.
5.20
ITV
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
Handicap Chase
Handicap Hurdle
(�119: 3m 3f 9y) (9)
1 PF3P5 CHRISTMAS TWENTY 15 (H) M D Hammond 8-11-12
F O'Toole (3)
L Murtagh (5)
2 -0663 BIRCH BANK 36 D McCain 5-11-3
3 P24F0 SPOILS OF WAR 107 Miss L Russell 9-11-2
B Campbell (5)
4 20321 BROADWAY BELLE 21 (CD) C Grant 8-11-1
C Bewley (3)
Lucy Alexander
5 P/64F OLLISU LAD 29 I Duncan 9-10-9
C King
6 -004P SILVER DRAGON 6 (P,CD) M Sowersby 10-10-9
C Nichol
7 P-0P4 CLASSICAL SOUND 21 Mrs R Dobbin 6-10-5
8 66065 MILLROSE BELL 29 V Thompson 6-10-1 T Dowson (3)
9 FP-F4 SPRING OVER 29 (T) I Duncan 12-10-0
Rachael McDonald (7)
5-2 Broadway Belle, 5-1 Christmas Twenty, 6-1 Classical Sound, 13-2 Birch
Bank, Spring Over, 8-1 Spoils Of War, 11-1 Silver Dragon, 14-1 others.
Doom Bar Sefton Novices' Hurdle
ITV
(Grade I: �,130: 3m 149y) (14)
1
(�314: 3m 2f 59y) (5)
3.05
4.40
(Grade I: �0,325: 2m 3f 200y) (6)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
2-U222
-2111P
111265
321532
322411
P-111
2/1212
0-1310
0-2421
4-2121
1-113
110415
1-1221
4-3111
ANOTHER STOWAWAY 69 (T) T George 6-11-4
CHEF DES OBEAUX 28 (D,S) N Henderson 6-11-4
COUNT MERIBEL 55 (BF,S) N Twiston-Davies 6-11-4
DANS LE VENT 22 (P,F,G,S) J Snowden 5-11-4
GOOD MAN PAT 39 (D,S) A King 5-11-4
LOUSE TALK 36 (S) C Longsdon 6-11-4
OK CORRAL 28 (G,S) N Henderson 8-11-4
POETIC RHYTHM 28 (G,S) F O'Brien 7-11-4
POINT OF PRINCIPLE 55 (S) T Vaughan 5-11-4
SAM'S GUNNER 34 (S) M W Easterby 5-11-4
SANTINI 28 (BF,S) N Henderson 6-11-4
TOWER BRIDGE 28 (T,G,S) J P O'Brien (Ire) 5-11-4
UPPERTOWN PRINCE 34 (S) D McCain 6-11-4
ROKSANA 20 (G,S) D Skelton 6-10-11
A P Heskin
N Fehily
M D Grant
G Sheehan
T Bellamy
Paul O'Brien
B J Geraghty
P Brennan
A Johns
W Kennedy
N De Boinville
J J Slevin
B Hughes
H Skelton
134
156
146
136
141
133
154
155
135
140
v157
149
140
148
7-4 Santini, 5-2 OK Corral, 8-1 Chef Des Obeaux, 10-1 Tower Bridge, 14-1 Poetic Rhythm, Roksana,
16-1 Sam's Gunner, 20-1 Uppertown Prince, 33-1 Count Meribel, Good Man Pat, 40-1 others.
Wright choice: Santini is unexposed and can reverse the Albert Bartlett
form with stablemate Ok Corral
Dangers: Ok Corral, Roksana
5.15
Weatherbys Racing Bank Standard
Open National Hunt Flat Race
(Grade II: �,322: 2m 209y) (20)
231 AL DANCER 20 (H,D,S) N Twiston-Davies 5-11-4
J Bargary
1
2- AMOOLA GOLD 427 D Skelton 5-11-4
H Skelton
2
1 ARTHUR MAC 74 (D,S) P Hobbs 5-11-4
R Johnson
3
B Hughes
4 3-1112 CHANCEANOTHERFIVE 68 (D,G,S) K Dalgleish 6-11-4
31 COMMANCHE RED 63 (D,S) C Gordon 5-11-4
T Cannon
5
4-31 DALI MAIL 57 (T,D,S) D Whillans 5-11-4
C Whillans
6
11 DANNY KIRWAN 48 (D,G,S) P Nicholls 5-11-4
S Twiston-Davies
7
1 DAZIBAO 39 (D) G Baker 5-11-4
A Tinkler
8
12 HARAMBE 63 (S) A King 5-11-4
T Bellamy
9
11 HIGHLAND HUNTER 78 (D,G,S) Miss L Russell 5-11-4
D R Fox
10
T Scudamore
11 1202 KATESON 70 (D,G) T Lacey 5-11-4
10 MERCY MERCY ME 30 (D,S) F O'Brien 6-11-4
P Brennan
12
G Sheehan
13 1-2P2 PORTRUSH TED 87 (T,S) W Greatrex 6-11-4
1-2 PYM 48 (D,S) N Henderson 5-11-4
J McGrath
14
1 SEVARANO 63 (D,S) O Sherwood 5-11-4
N Fehily
15
152
SKIDOOSH
51
(D,BF,G)
B
Pauling
5-11-4
D Jacob
16
J E Moore
17 0-110 THEATRE LEGEND 68 (D,S) C Grant 5-11-4
D N Russell
18 3313 THOSEDAYSAREGONE 11 (S) C Byrnes (Ire) 5-11-4
1 MISTER FISHER 27 (D,S) N Henderson 4-10-12
N De Boinville
19
T Garner
20 2101 NORMAL NORMAN 53 (D,G) John Ryan 4-10-12
118
110
114
119
121
122
111
-120
113
125
v136
122
116
125
117
120
113
119
110
7-4 Danny Kirwan, 5-1 Mister Fisher, 6-1 Mercy Mercy Me, 7-1 Pym, 8-1 Severano, 14-1 Arthur Mac,
16-1 Kateson, Portrush Ted, 20-1 Harambe, 22-1 Chanceanotherfive, Skidoosh, 25-1 others.
Wright choice: Arthur Mac showed a good attitude to win at Hereford and
can cope with this rise in class Dangers: Mercy Mercy Me, Danny Kirwan
66
2G M
Friday April 13 2018 | the times
Sport
It has its problems
but championship
cricket will adapt
T20 rules the roost now,
but the roll call of stars
shows that sport?s
cockroach still matters,
writes Steve James
A decade ago I wrote somewhere that
the county season was beginning under
probably its darkest-ever shadow.
Something called the Indian Premier
League was stirring far away and it
hardly required powers of clairvoyance
to know that this would cause a few
problems along the way.
Here we are now with the County
Championship beginning another
season today with its threat ? or more
specifically the threat of domestic T20
cricket in general because it has given
rise to so many tournaments around
the world ? looming larger still.
This season there are more Englishmen taking part in the IPL than ever
before, with some whisked away as
injury replacements at the last minute,
much to the chagrin of their county
employers.
A meeting of directors of cricket and
head coaches was convened only last
Tuesday to discuss that and other
matters relating to the enveloping swirl
of T20, highlighted by a couple of highprofile English cricketers, Adil Rashid
and Alex Hales, having signed white
ball-only contracts with their counties.
There is rather a lot going on. Despite
a five-year �1 billion television deal,
there is still much scepticism about the
eight-team, city-based T20 competition starting in 2020, with unrest over
payments to some counties for not
hosting Test cricket ? and a couple of
board directors resigning in the process
? leading to a feeling in some quarters
that the ECB is more concerned with
the eight counties hosting T20 teams
than the other ten; in other words, that
they are angling towards a smaller
county game.
Add in the recent news that Colin
Graves, the ECB chairman, may be feeling some pressure and is pursuing legal
action against ESPNcricinfo?s George
Dobell, and it all looks rather messy.
Should we be that worried, though?
Should we heck. After all, this is county
cricket, that comforting refuge of
conflict, compromise and change, with
compensation (for IPL departures)
now apparently a prospective dweller.
These are the most delicate of times
for the game as a whole as it too wrestles with T20, a modern society with so
little time and new ways of following
sport, and players with massive power
and a different attitude from some,
for whom red-ball cricket holds little
interest. County concord would really
be more concerning. The schedule is a
bewildering puzzle, often compared to
a Rubik?s cube, which is poppycock
really because people can solve that
puzzle.
We have too many counties, all with
different set-ups, problems, aims and
outlooks, and there is too much cricket
to fit in, but none of that is easy to
change ? although getting rid of 50-
Last year?s final tables
Division One
P W L D NR
Essex
14 10 0 4 0
Lancashire
14 5 3 6 0
Surrey
14 2 2 10 0
Yorkshire
14 4 5 5 0
Hampshire
14 3 3 8 0
Somerset
14 4 6 4 0
Middlesex*
14 3 4 7 0
Warwickshire
14 1 9 4 0
Division Two
Worcestershire
14 9 3 2 0
Nottinghamshire
14 7 2 5 0
Northamptonshire** 14 9 3 2 0
Sussex
14 7 5 2 0
Kent
14 4 2 7
1
Gloucestershire
14 3 4 7 0
Glamorgan
14 3 7 4 0
Derbyshire
14 3 7 3
1
Durham***
14 3 6 5 0
Leicestershire****
14 0 9 5 0
Points deductions:
*Two points (slow over rate)
**Five points (slow over rate)
***48 points (accepting financial aid)
****16 points (breach of player conduct)
Pts
248
176
163
148
148
147
146
86
238
222
217
196
175
147
133
127
98
75
Today?s fixtures
Division One Ageas Bowl
Hampshire v Worcestershire, Old
Trafford Lancashire v
Nottinghamshire,
Headingley Yorkshire v Essex.
Division Two
Canterbury Kent v Gloucestershire,
Lord?s Middlesex v
tonshire,
Northamptonshire,
n
Edgbaston
Warwickshire
hire v
Sussex
over cricket, as often
suggested
by
my
colleague
Mike
Atherton,
would
surely not
be a calamityy
nd,
?
and,
regarding the
number of counties, why would you
nge?
want to change?
Some of their recent decisions may
appear to tell a different story, but I am
convinced that the ECB is committed
to an 18-county structure. The championship may be lopsided, with eight
teams in Division One and ten in Division Two and is being pushed more and
more to the margins of the season ?
there are only three full rounds taking
place in July and August ? but that
does not mean that it is going to die.
It just has to take its place in the
pecking order. T20 rules now. That
makes the money. That can save the
rest of the county game. It must take
precedence in fixture organisation
(playing one-day stuff instead of the
championship now would be ridiculous
anyway). The new competition must be
attempted and embraced, even if by a
new and different audience.
But, as I mentioned ten years ago in
the article referenced at the beginning,
the championship is the ultimate sporting cockroach. It has suffered an awful
lot of stamping upon over the years.
Ever since its official beginning in 1890
it has mostly been financially
unfeasible ? I now understand why.
As a player, the Glamorgan chief
executive, to my anger, always called it
a ?necessary evil?. The interest is there
but so much of it is from a distance. It
does not pay the bills.
The competition has been constantly
tinkered with, altering durations of
matches, days and so much more. But it
always returns for more, as it does this
morning.
The rest of the world is often loath to
admit it, but they envy it. Most cricketers do not feel complete until they have
experienced a stint in it. Despite all
those T20 leagues, the roll call this
season is pretty impressive: Hashim
Amla, Aiden Markram, Shaun Marsh,
Morn� Morkel, Cheteshwar Pujara,
Dale Steyn, below, and Kane Williamson. Probably Virat Kohli too.
It is just that the championship may
have to adapt again. At that meeting on
Tuesday the idea of three conferences
was discussed. It is not a new idea. It was
discussed in 2008. But it now seems an
increasingly good idea.
Two divisions, introduced in 2000,
were right then. They brought intensity
and, believe it or not, added professionalism. But the landscape has changed.
Intensity and professionalism are not
the problems. Cherry-picking and
rel
the fear of relegation,
with its
attendant pressures on
selection recruitment
selection,
de
and development,
are
the iissues at hand.
S
Some
counties,
ma
mainly
those
m
most
fiscally
ch
challenged, are
tu
turning
their
b
backs on the
cchampionship,
go
going
through
th
the motions there
and instead focusing their attentions
on wh
white-ball cricket,
especial
especially T20. That
cannot be right.
Andrew Str
Strauss, as director
of England crick
cricket, is known to
prefer two divisions for its pitting of the
best against the best, which has its
merits, of course. But for the wider
consideration of all 18 counties, with
probable benefits to wage levels, players
remaining with home counties and the
presence of more England-qualified
players, it is surely time to return to an
all-in championship. It may not dilute
the standard as much as some think.
That is not for right now, though. We
have just those eight teams who can win
the championship this season ? and
were I a betting man I would put a
pound on Lancashire ? but in both
divisions in the coming weeks batsmen
especially can catch the eye of the
England Test selectors, whoever they
may be.
Try telling Joe Clarke, Nick Gubbins,
Haseeb Hameed, Dan Lawrence and
Liam Livingstone that the County
Championship does not matter. They
will be batting as if their very lives
depend upon it.
Division
One preview
By Steve James and Elizabeth Ammon
Essex
Captain Ryan ten
Doeschate
Coach Anthony McGrath
Overseas players Peter Siddle (Aus,
April to mid-May), Neil Wagner (NZ,
mid-May to end of July), Adam Zampa
(Aus, T20).
Reasons for optimism
They are champions! They still have a
very strong squad, with batting depth
(eight championship centurions last
season) and the two leading wickettakers in Division One last year, Jamie
Porter and Simon Harmer.
Reasons for optimism
They finished second last season and
their young talents are now a year
older and wiser. They look an
immensely exciting squad with a
couple of shrewd acquisitions in
Keaton Jennings and Graham Onions.
Reasons for pessimism
The departures of Kyle Jarvis and
Ryan McLaren, as well as James
Anderson?s absences, will put pressure
on the seam attack, but hopefully
Onions and Mennie, as well as the
rapid Saqib Mahmood, can cope.
Reasons for pessimism
They are champions! Everyone will be
out to get them, and coach Chris
Silverwood has left for England.
England watch
Tom Westley had his chance last year
but could Dan Lawrence, the 20-yearold batsman, have his this season?
Verdict
Retaining the title is always difficult
and they will not see Alastair Cook as
much. Sure to be contenders, though.
Peter Siddle
Essex
Haseeb Hameed
Lancashire
England watch
Livingstone, Haseeb Hameed,
Jennings, even Jos Buttler when he
plays championship cricket at the end
of the season. Keep an eye on Matt
Parkinson the leg spinner too.
Verdict
Should be genuine championship
contenders. Alex Davies, Shivnarine
Chanderpaul, Jennings, Steven Croft
and Dane Vilas should score enough
runs if they lose Hameed and
Livingstone to England.
Hampshire
Captain James Vince
Coach Craig White (first
team), Giles White (director
of cricket)
Overseas players Hashim Amla (SA,
first three months), Dale Steyn (SA,
short stint in June and possibly
August/September)
Reasons for optimism
Have made some strong signings. Sam
Northeast and Hashim Amla should
provide heaps of early-season runs.
Vince may have done enough to get
another England call-up but
Hampshire have the depth to cover.
The bowling looks very strong, led by
Kyle Abbott and Steyn.
Reasons for pessimism
Last year the Ageas Bowl was too
batsman-friendly for them to force
enough wins. They drew five of their
seven home games, which put a lot of
pressure on the team to win away.
England watch
Vince and Mason Crane, the leg
spinner, will probably get another go
but Liam Dawson probably will not.
Verdict
With impressive signings, Hampshire
should be nearer the top than bottom.
Lancashire
Captain Liam Livingstone
Coach Glen Chapple
Overseas players
Joe Mennie (Aus), James Faulkner
(Aus, T20)
Nottinghamshire
Captain Steven Mullaney
(CC and One-Day Cup), Dan
Christian (T20 Blast)
Coach Peter
Moores
Overseas players
Ross Taylor (NZ, first 8 CC
matches and ODC), Dan
Christian (Aus, T20), Ish Sodhi
(NZ, T20)
Reasons for optimism
Taylor is a huge asset to give them a
good start and bringing in the
experienced Chris Nash helps fill the
gaps left by retirements. Mullaney
should take to captaincy well.
Reasons for pessimism
The batting took a hit with the loss of
Chris Read, Michael Lumb, Greg Smith
and Brendan Taylor and it?s going to
be tough. Paul Coughlin is a terrific
signing but he?s out for most of the
season with a shoulder injury.
England watch
With Coughlin out, not many others
pushing immediately for honours.
Verdict
Probably not strong enough to push
for the title but a balanced side with
some very experienced cricketers
such as Chris Nash, Samit Patel,
Mullaney and Luke Fletcher, which
should mean they stay up.
Somerset
Captain Tom Abell (CC,
ODC), Lewis Gregory (T20)
Coach Jason Kerr
the times | Friday April 13 2018
67
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Sport
Overseas player
Matt Renshaw (Aus), Corey Anderson
(NZ, T20)
brother and will be considered. Leach
has had a chance already. Bess has
impressed the England management.
Reasons for optimism
Abell will have learnt from a tricky first
year in charge. Jack Leach and Dom
Bess are established spin twins and
Craig Overton will have benefited from
his initial forays into Test cricket.
Verdict
After a narrow escape last season,
staying up will not be easy again. The
talk is that the spinning pitches at
Taunton will be shelved. Why? They
make for great cricket.
Reasons for pessimism
It has been a winter of upheaval with
Matthew Maynard, the director of
cricket, and Lee Cooper, the chief
executive, departing. The Cameron
Bancroft situation will have unsettled
the team but they have replaced him
with his fellow Australian Renshaw.
England watch
Jamie Overton is quicker than his
Surrey
Captain Rory Burns (CC
and ODC), Jade Dernbach
(T20)
Coach Michael di Venuto
Overseas players
Aaron Finch (Aus, T20), Dean Elgar (SA)
Reasons for optimism
They are a good side.
They were genuine challengers in all
three competitions last season. Morn�
Morkel is a wonderful signing. There is
so much talent in Tom and Sam
Curran, Jason Roy, Ben Foakes, Amar
Virdi and Ollie Pope.
Reason for pessimism
Kumar Sangakkara has gone, Burns is
untried as captain and a number of
players, such as Mark Stoneman, Tom
Curran and Roy, will probably be
unavailable at times.
England watch
Can Stuart Meaker come back into the
picture? Can Roy get enough
championship runs to warrant Test
consideration? Off spinner Virdi is
highly rated.
Verdict
They will be challenging on all fronts
again, especially with Morkel.
Worcestershire
Captain Joe Leach
Coach Kevin Sharp
Overseas players
Travis Head (Aus), Martin Guptill (NZ,
T20), Callum Ferguson (Aus, T20)
Reasons for optimism
It was all change at New Road over the
winter with Steve Rhodes, the director
of cricket, leaving but they?ll be well
led in the new era by Sharp, assisted
by Alan Richardson. There?s a sense of
optimism at New Road and there?s
certainly an impressive line up of
young talent.
Hashim Amla
Hampshire
Reasons for pessimism
Worcestershire are always a yo-yo club
and have historically found it tough
after promotion.
England watch
Joe Clarke, the batsman and part-time
wicketkeeper, who is already in the
Lions set-up. Josh Tongue has genuine
pace and is on the radar.
Verdict
Worcestershire are one of the most
likeable sides in county cricket, they
produce plenty of talent and are not
afraid to play their youngsters. It?s
admirable but Division One is tough
and they may be in a relegation scrap.
Yorkshire
Captain Gary Ballance
Coach Andrew Gale (head
coach), Martyn Moxon
(director of cricket)
Overseas players
Cheteshwar Pujara (India), Kane
Williamson (NZ), Billy Stanlake (Aus,
T20)
Reasons for optimism
Moxon has recruited two star overseas
players, Pujara and Williamson.
Ballance scores runs for fun in the
championship and is unlikely to get his
fourth England call-up. Crop of young
talent includes Harry Brook, the
England Under-19 World Cup captain.
more cricket
coverage
than ever
before
Cricket notebook
Don?t miss
Elizabeth Ammon?s
news diary. Today
at noon
thetimes.co.uk/sport and
the Times app
Reasons for pessimism
It?s unlikely they?ll see much of Joe
Root or Jonny Bairstow and they?ve
now been hit by late call-ups to the IPL
for Liam Plunkett and David Willey. Adil
Rashid has given up red-ball cricket
and the bowling looks a bit fragile.
England watch
Harry Brook, but not yet.
Verdict
Yorkshire?s ability to churn out talented
players from their academy combined
with shrewd overseas signings should
mean that they finish nearer the top
than the bottom.
Old-school Leicester
roaring as ever with
business end looming
Stuart Barnes
I
t is hard to envisage anything but
a hammering at Welford Road
tomorrow. It is that time of the
year when the Tigers roar.
Leicester ended 2017 with six
straight defeats; they entertain
Northampton Saints, their old East
Midlands rivals, on the back of five
consecutive victories while the Saints
slump to new depths, waiting for the
miracle to come. It?s a while since the
most successful English club of the
professional era have looked down on
their challengers from the heights but
it doesn?t do to dismiss Leicester.
Trying to analyse why and how the
Tigers find that spring in their step at
this time of year is not easy. A bit
more aggression at the breakdown
since Mark Bakewell joined as
forwards coach? Maybe. But that isn?t
enough. There is something so strong
within the heart of this club, strong
enough to take the many blows that
have fallen their way in the past few
years as Saracens and Exeter Chiefs
usurp their traditional dominance and
bounce back.
?Resilience? is the word Ben
Youngs used this week. He was asked
about the resurgence of the Tigers. It
is the perfect word for them. Here are
a couple of dictionary definitions for
resilience: ?Resuming of original
shape after bending? and ?recovery
from shock?. If Leicester are nothing
else they are surely resilient. The
losing run, the second-rate nature of
their European effort. The C-word
was used, a club in crisis. But then
again we use it every year and
Leicester make a mockery of us
doubters.
An expected victory against a
Northampton side who have nothing
but pride for which to play would take
them another step nearer to the Aviva
Premiership play-offs. Newcastle
Falcons and Sale Sharks,
fifth and sixth respectively,
play each other tonight. In
the next round Dean
Richards?s team travel to
the Leicester legend?s old
stomping ground, while
Sale play Exeter away.
By the time the Tigers
meet Sale in the final
round of the regular
season, they could
already be through
to the semi-finals.
Familiar territory
indeed for Leicester.
They have not failed to
finish in the top four since
2004, when they finished
fifth. They may have lost
their grip at the very
pinnacle of the sport but
there is no club in
England to match their
consistency.
In 2014, the year that
Northampton won the
Premiership, they beat
Leicester 21-20 in the semifinal to prevent the Tigers
making it ten finals on the
trot. These are
astonishing statistics,
ones alongside which a few defeats
here and a few wins there pale. And
Youngs knows it: ?I think that the
pride that we?ve always made the top
four helps.? Intangible but essential.
The scrum half, available after the
injury against Italy which ruled him
out of the rest of the Six Nations, with
Tom, his brother, and Dan Cole are
long-toothed Tigers.
What is the saying? Form is
temporary but class is permanent. So
too is pride in the Tigers jersey in
these hands. They are not alone but
they constitute the core that ensures
the great traditions of the club are
never forgotten. This places a burden
on the current crop. Who wants to be
part of the team that could not make
the semi-finals? In Leicester?s ruthless
quest for rekindled glory, coaches
have come and gone but there has
always been that core of Leicester
within the playing ranks. I played for
Bristol against Ben?s father, Nick, the
Leicester scrum half, in the 1983 John
Player Cup final. Tigers are bred in
the bone.
It is easy in these moneyed days to
claim that the game has irrevocably
changed and so too the cultures. On
Monday I wrote a column about my
old club Bath. It did not give me a
great deal of pleasure to write what I
did but something does seem to have
been lost down at the Recreation
Ground.
That ?something?, I suspect, is the
pride of which Youngs speaks.
Leicester have not been an
exceptional team for a fair few years
and I would be surprised if they are
good enough to win the Premiership
this time around but it is that inner
determination that sends them
soaring up the table even as others
are writing them off. A fierce pride
fuels the Tiger tank and sends them
surging past teams at least as good on
paper. The ground has grown up into
a superb rugby stadium since the days
Bath went to Welford Road expecting
to win but the Crumbie Stand ?
officially the South Stand ? retains
its terrace and raucous supporters,
one-eyed and of one mind, to cheer
the Tigers on.
The home team still run out to
Smoke on the Water by Deep Purple. I
have not forgotten the bass
reverberation in the away dressing
room. They don?t do change, or at
least they make it look as though
today?s beast is a smooth
transition from yesterday?s
Tiger, be it Martin Johnson,
Richards or Peter Wheeler.
Old Leicester and new
Leicester, one and the same.
Some clubs have used the
professional era to distance
themselves from the past;
Leicester cannot get enough
o
of the continuity. The bridge
has served them well. Rugby
p
players are not history
sstudents, a little help goes a
llong way.
If Bath are drowning in
modern money it is fair to say
tthat Leicester Tigers, year
after year, manage to stay
aafloat, buoyed by their old
ttraditions.
Ben Youngs, injured within ten
minutes of England?s Six Nations
campaign, returns for Leicester as
they battle for their 14th top-four
finish in the Premiership in a row
68
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Friday April 13 2018 | the times
Sport Football
?We have awesome fear factor?
Millwall manager Neil Harris
tells Henry Winter that the
secret of his unfashionable
team?s stunning rise is to have
players who will ?go to war?
N
eil Harris?s team-talks to his
promotion-chasing Millwall players
are very straightforward. ?I talk
about how far we?ve come,? he says.
?I talk about how proud I am
watching the team. It?s all from the heart
with me.?
This was supposed to be a season of
consolidation after reaching the Sky Bet
Championship. Millwall have a playing budget
in the bottom three but are in the top six. Time
spent at their Bromley training ground
yesterday revealed two of the key reasons
behind their incredible run: squad camaraderie
and the players? huge respect for Harris.
?You?ve got to let them express themselves,?
Harris smiles. ?If I look out of the window here
and see a naked player walking across the 18yard box as a dare or a punishment, I?ll tell him
to come inside and put some clothes on. If they
end up with chocolate cake in their hood . . . that
happens.?
The new Crazy Gang? ?No, nothing as far as
that. We?re not cutting up . . . well, maybe cutting
up trousers and socks. That definitely goes on in
the changing room. The sock disappears up the
shin. The latest one was George Saville had
some golf clubs delivered and has never seen
them. They?ve been delivered and signed for but
no one?s seen them.
?But there are non-negotiables here, and that
is hard work, team shape, team ethic, timekeeping, and in the right areas, on the ball
express yourself, play with freedom. That?s the
way me, Livers [David Livermore, the assistant]
and Timmy [Cahill, the Australia forward] came
through under Ray Harford and Ray Wilkins
[assistant coaches at Millwall in the 2000s].
?We were so lucky to work with such wellrespected guys. The atmosphere was bubbly.
Ray Harford [ex-Blackburn Rovers] was 4-4-2
and channel football, and if I didn?t make a run,
it was, ?Alan Shearer made that run?. ?Oh, I?ll
make it then.? I was striving to be Alan Shearer,
No 9 for England.
?Ray Wilkins could paint a picture of a pass
he wanted because he could do it. When he did
it with his right foot, he?d show us also with his
left. Ray and Ray were great characters.
?But I had managers who threw me out or
didn?t like an experienced player. I learnt from
their negatives. I try to work with a bit of
humility. I?ve got really good lads here. We look
at what they?re like as people as well as players.
Are they strong characters? Family life good? If
I put them in my Millwall team in front of
19,000 at the Den I?ve got to know they?re going
to go to war. They?re going to stand up for their
mates in the changing room. We?ve signed a hell
of a lot of good players.?
Such as in January, with Cahill from
Melbourne City and Ben Marshall on loan from
Wolverhampton Wanderers. ?I know Timmy?s
character, he?s a winner, a warrior, and he loves
this club. I knew he could make an impact,
lifting the fans. When Tim goes to warm up, the
place goes electric. When he goes on to the
pitch he puts fear into the opposition. He?s been
a major influence. Senior players learn off him.
Young players feed off him.
?It wasn?t just Timmy. Ben Marshall came in
and has brought goals. Jason Shackell [on loan
from Derby] with his experience and leadership,
and we bought Harry Toffolo from Norwich. All
four played a big part.?
It?s a dogfight to make the play-offs but in 43
days? time, Millwall could reach the Premier
League. ?That?s a scary thought. The Premier
League looks like miles away. The play-offs are
round the corner. I know the fans are still
pinching themselves. I wanted to build a
Millwall our fans can identify with. I?m
privileged to say we?ve done that, so far. Millwall
traits are team spirit and work ethic, it?s what
the fans demand. If a
Millwall fan was on the
pitch playing, what
would be the one
thing they?d do?
They?d give
everything. Win
or lose, if the
players run
through a brick
wall for the fans,
the fans will have
them.
?I stand in the tunnel
and can sense what mood
the fans are in, it?s the noise in the
warm-up, the hustle-bustle, and this
season has been extra special.
Sometimes they like to point out
where I?m going wrong in my
team selection, and point
out somebody?s getting
too old or not quite ready.
Others are really
positive. Millwall fans
are a unique bunch.?
Unfairly criticised?
?I think so at
times.
?At the Den,
with fans and
players together,
it?s an awesome fear factor for the
opposition. It?s a very difficult
vehicle to stop. When I took
over, my first aim was to
play with no fear, so if we
went a goal behind for us
to keep going and for the
fans to stick with the
players, and over the last
18 months they?ve done
that.
?We are an unfashionable
club. We?ve hit the headlines
for the wrong reasons. Every
time there?s an incident that
involves the club, the negative press
slides to the forefront of everyone?s
mind. We?re changing that but still with
a long way to go.?
Harris is loving it that John G Berylson,
the chairman, is being rewarded with this long
unbeaten run. ?First and foremost, he?s a
wonderful guy,? Harris says. ?We talk Second
World War, Donald Trump, Cold War. John?s
knowledge of English history is far greater than
mine. John has grown to love the club, become
Millwall?s late charge in the promotion race
Wolves
Place
1st
Cardiff
5
Fulham
10
Middlesbrough
15
Millwall
Derby
20
Automatic promotion places
Play-off places
Aston Villa
1st game
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
42
25
part of the club and after 11 and a half years he?s
earned the right to be part of the club. He?s had
to defend the club, take some flak over the years.
So I know he?s thoroughly enjoying it at the
moment. He?s living the dream as Millwall
chairman.?
Appointing the inexperienced Harris three
years ago was a gamble by Berylson but has
proved inspired. Millwall fans were shocked that
Neil Warnock, not Harris, had been voted
Championship manager of the year. ?I voted for
Neil. No disrespect to Nuno [Esp韗ito Santo],
and Wolves are rightly champions elect, but I
know who?s got which budget and I felt where
Cardiff have come from to now [is superb],
although they?re not quite as poorly off as Neil
would say. Lee Johnson [of Bristol City]
and Chrissy Wilder have had great
years, and are on our coat-tails.?
Harris, whose side go to Wilder?s
Sheffield United tomorrow, is the
longest-serving manager in the
Championship after Mick
McCarthy?s dramatic exit at
Ipswich. ?We live in a crazy
football industry. Mick?s
done a brilliant job at
Ipswich. I do feel for
him. He?s achieving
what he should,
actually more, but
that?s football, it?s
that social mediadriven and shortterm.?
Now 40,
Harris still lives in his native Essex, reaching the
training ground by 7am. ?I had a middle-class
upbringing, went to Brentwood, did crosscountry and 800m and always wanted to win for
the school. Frank [Lampard] was the year below
me. He was 14, I was 15, I played central
midfield, he played left back as he was too small
to play in the middle of the park. We didn?t win
anything, even with the two of us. We got
beaten in the semi-finals of the [ISFA] national
competition by Manchester Grammar. I don?t
talk about it. I hate losing.
?My wife knows when to leave me alone. The
dog?s still learning. My wife?s a football fan and
the children come to all the home games and a
lot of away. They feel my joy and my pain. The
hatred of losing was there when I was younger. I
used to cheat like mad as a kid at cards, playing
with my sister, my mum and my nan because I
wanted to win so much.?
His career briefly stalled at 23, when he had
testicular cancer diagnosed. ?It took a time to
become a ?footballer? again after being a ?cancer
sufferer?. It taught me life skills like standing in
front of the doctor, asking, ?Am I going to die??,
?Can I have children?? and, ?Will I ever play
football again?? So if we win or lose, or if one of
my players has missed a penalty, does it matter?
Hell yeah! It?s our livelihood, but the bigger
picture? It?s good taking a step back.
?Maybe that?s why I?m so relaxed. If we don?t
[go up], it?s not the end of the world. I was just a
kid when I was diagnosed, the 23-year-old lads
downstairs are thinking what doughnut they?re
going to have [a special treat yesterday] and
then whose top are they going to wipe their
chocolatey fingers on.?
Harris spent ten years as a player at Millwall in
two spells and admits that the thought of leading
them into the top flight as manager is scary
the times | Friday April 13 2018
69
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Sport
Matt Dickinson
MANCHESTER CITY/GETTY IMAGES
Tunnel Club brawls
show football still
wants it both ways
T
ensions in English football between
age-old tribalism and modern
corporatism were exposed, and not for
the last time, when a handful of people
stood in delight as Liverpool scored on
Tuesday night and, briefly, all hell broke loose.
Suddenly, like vigilantes, outraged Manchester
City fans were rounding up any infiltrators.
Stewards were summoned to hurl them out.
Him! Her! That one!
A woman was roundly abused. I saw one City
fan throw a jab as a man, apparently outed as a
Liverpool supporter and certainly not denying it,
was forcefully bundled out hollering: ?Do you
know how much I paid for this seat??
That mention of cost perhaps takes us to the
heart of the problem. This City team do not
come cheap. Someone has to pay for them.
Those heated, padded seats that form the
Tunnel Club go for at least �9 for a match, as
much as �,000 a season for the full package,
because you are not just watching a football
game. ?A premium networking space, perfect for
you and your clients with a concierge and
dedicated account manager catering for your
every need,? as the blurb on City?s website goes.
The pitch is obvious; this is not just about the
hardcore City-ites but the corporate market.
And if that is the allure, no one can expect them
to be fanatics, or even fans. After a glass of
chilled sauvignon blanc, it may be the only
game they watch in their life.
The rules in premium hospitality are not like
the rest of the Etihad Stadium, where fans are
advised that ?the club does not have a neutral
area and visiting supporters identified in the
home areas may face ejection?.
In hospitality, the requirements are only that
you should not wear club colours and behave
respectfully. Does standing up to applaud a goal,
even on a night of Champions League tension,
break that requirement?
Someone in the Tunnel Club seats was
wearing a half-and-half scarf, positively
advertising his neutrality as well as committing
the ultimate football fashion faux pas. If he
continued from back
Salah will not be sold, says Klopp
comfortable here,? Klopp said. ?He
knows that our style of play suits him
very well. So I am not worried about a
transfer.?
Salah said: ?There?s something very
special about playing for Liverpool. The
Champions League nights are special
for the fans too. You can feel it on the
streets.?
Klopp?s comments endorse the
stance of Fenway Sports Group, the
club?s owner, which will not countenance selling Salah this summer to
potential suitors such as Real Madrid.
Salah scored his 39th goal of the
season in the 2-1 win away to Manchester City, which put Liverpool into the
last four of the Champions League for
the first time in a decade. They will join
Real, Roma and Bayern Munich in the
draw in Nyon today. Emre Can, who is
a free agent this summer, may not play
again this season due to a back injury.
dares to clap a piece of sublime skill from the
away team ? Cristiano Ronaldo?s overhead kick
in Turin last week prompted a standing ovation
from Juventus fans ? and enough City diehards
around him take furious offence, does he
deserve to be thrown out?
Of course, having away fans in the home
section is hardly a new phenomenon ? and
most know, or learn painfully, that it is probably
wise to be discreet about it. In another section
of the Etihad, a Liverpool fan was beaten up for
revealing his allegiance, the blows caught on
video.
Corporate seating is hardly new either but it
does grow in scale, ambition and cost, with
Tottenham Hotspur hoping to raise the bar with
their own ?H Club? including ?provision for
guests to store their personal vintage wines,
cognacs and liquors in a purpose-built,
temperature-controlled on-site reserve?. A long
way from Bovril.
The Premier League increasingly attracts
more tourist fans, as we can see from the
seemingly thriving industry of half-and-half
scarves. It is necessary, if you are a proper
football fan, to say that this is A Terrible Thing;
the end of real football as we know it. The halfand-half is the ultimate symbol of naffness.
Oliver made right call
To hear even sensible people question Michael
Oliver?s decision to send off Gianluigi Buffon
shows how horribly skewed football?s culture
remains. How much haranguing and banging
should any official accept?
Some say that other referees would have
been more tolerant. But they shouldn?t be, and
would not need to be if the game?s authorities
properly declared war on the culture of abuse.
But that is far too much like hard work so
Oliver is left to fend for himself in
horrendously difficult circumstances and still
gets criticised for it. Mad.
A fan in City?s Tunnel Club films the players walking on to the pitch. A ticket for the hospitality area
costs �9 a game but that price did not stop some Liverpool fans buying a seat on Tuesday
Yet plenty of English fans are football tourists,
or would like to be; flying off to Barcelona,
Dortmund, even Buenos Aires to savour a
different ground, different culture and to
experience someone else?s passion.
I have no intention of buying a half-and-half
scarf, and look on befuddled as others do. But if
I take my kids to, say, Real Madrid against
Atletico, and they want one as a memento, is
that such a terrible crime? If they clap the
wrong goal, should we expect to be set upon and
thrown out?
English football wrestles with the old and
new; pride in its rowdy tribalism and what is
called, sneeringly by some, the ?gentrification?.
As I have argued previously, if that means a
stadium is safe for my wife and kids, the urinals
are not overflowing and racism is at least not
overt, then I struggle to see that it is such a bad
thing.
Some fear dilution of passion. A debate about
safe standing in the top divisions, which may
also make prices more affordable, is not going
away even if Tracey Crouch, the sports minister,
rejected this week a proposal from West
Bromwich Albion to install a section of railseats that can become a standing area.
It would be good to think that we could
accommodate those who want to stand without
putting off the growing number of families, but
no politician or administrator wants that on his
Palace fans? police complaint
Gary Jacob
Crystal Palace supporters have lodged
a formal complaint against Sussex
police over the force?s claims that they
were carrying ?pyrotechnics, knives
and knuckledusters? when they tried to
force their way into the Premier League
game against Brighton & Hove Albion
in November.
Although the police backed down
when asked for evidence of the weapons, they have failed to reveal the basis
for their information. At the time Chief
Inspector Simon Nelson, who led the
policing operation for the 0-0 draw at
the Amex Stadium, claimed that
Brighton staff had discovered them.
However, statements from the club did
not make mention of weapons.
Ray Wright, of the Crystal Palace
Supporters? Trust, said: ?The police
have made a derogatory story about
fans and we suffer the consequences of
that when submitted to more checks
and rigorous examination.?
The trust has employed a central
London legal firm, which has written to
Sussex police claiming that its chief
inspector did not act properly under the
College of Policing code of ethics.
The law firm has also lodged a complaint about the police operation and
planning on the night of the game.
Six people were arrested at the first
top-flight meeting of the rivals since
1981.
For tomorrow?s reverse fixture at
Selhurst Park, Brighton fans will be
held back after the game and a special
train has been laid on to take them back
to the south coast. Palace have restricted Brighton to 2,000 tickets, fewer than
the 2,700 usual away allocation.
or her watch. We should note that we are a very
long way from the bad old days that some of us
remember all too vividly. There were only two
arrests at the Etihad for what was, generally, a
magnificent occasion.
City insist that the Tunnel Club has been a
great success. But football still operates by
different rules ? for better and for worse ?
when fans expressing momentary delight can
generate such fury, be hit and told that they
brought it all on themselves.
These are not, as some City fans insist, the
complaints of someone who never pays for a
seat. I am a season-ticket holder at Queens Park
Rangers (not entirely by choice, but it?s a long
story). For a cup game, we opted for a change of
scene from the family stand and went down to
the other end where, stuck between two groups,
we had to listen to one woman being told she
was a slag who should get her tits out.
Hardly an unprecedented experience at a
football ground, I know. And while tensions may
have been particularly high on Tuesday, a few
days earlier at the Manchester derby a City fan
patrolled the Tunnel Club seats threatening to
sort out anyone who even hinted at United
sympathies, which is not something mentioned
in the glossy brochure.
Undoubtedly the game has changed, but those
who worry about it becoming too sanitised? I
think we may still have some way to go.
continued from back
Clubs set to vote for VAR delay
West Brom hire Italian, 64
governing body was right to press
ahead. ?Football could either expose itself to a brand new controversy arising
from a willingness to improve the game
or settle for an existing, inert one. I am
happy we chose the former,? he wrote.
But while most English clubs are
thought to accept that VAR is inevitable at some stage, there are some
figures who feel that the Premier
League should take its time. It requires
14 of 20 clubs to vote for immediate
implementation.
VAR has been used in both domestic
cup competitions this season, but there
is debate about the lack of communication with supporters and the protocol.
Some referees believe that the use of a
pitchside monitor should be abolished
to make the system quicker.
The top flights in Spain and Italy
have signalled their intent to use VAR
and the FA is keen to press ahead.
West Bromwich Albion have vowed
to change the ?culture and direction
of the club? after Giuliano Terraneo, a
64-year-old Italian, was appointed
technical consultant for an initial sixmonth period yesterday after the
departure of Nick Hammond as
technical director. Alan Pardew left as
manager of the Premier League?s
bottom club 11 days ago.
Mee may be out for run-in
Ben Mee could miss the final weeks
of the season with a shin injury as
uncertainty continues to surround his
future. The Burnley defender, who
has one year left on his contract and
is yet to sign an extension, will miss
tomorrow?s Premier League match
against Leicester City. The club have
not ruled out selling him this summer.
70
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Friday April 13 2018 | the times
Sport Football
Ramsey?s late goal flatters
CSKA Moscow
Chalov 39, Nababkin 50
Arsenal
Welbeck 75, Ramsey 90+2
2
0
2
1
2
Europa League
quarter-final, second leg
Arsenal win 6-3 on aggregate
Gary Jacob Moscow
It was a worrying and muted way to
make a first European semi-final in
nine years and Arsenal will have to improve some if they are to go all the way.
They were desperately poor, too
many players went through the
motions, and in a week of surprise
comebacks they were 2-0 down and
looking likely to become another
victim.
With 15 minutes remaining, though,
they ended CSKA?s fightback thanks to
Danny Welbeck?s accomplished finish
before Aaron Ramsey equalised on the
night in stoppage time.
Arsenal are three matches away from
a place in next season?s Champions
League and presumably another
season of Ars鑞e Wenger in charge.
That might mean the club could dodge
the otherwise difficult decision of his
future but not the many other awkward
questions. How can they be fluid and
score at will against CSKA Moscow in
last week?s first leg and be so defensively
inept and toothless a week later?
Wenger has never won a European
trophy, losing on penalties in a Uefa
Cup final in 2000 and with ten men in
a Champions League final six years
later.
When the draw is made today,
Arsenal will be anxious to avoid
Atletico Madrid, whose striker Diego
Costa regularly tormented their back
line when he played for Chelsea. He
would not have needed to have
watched this to know of Arsenal?s
weaknesses at the back.
Arsenal?s defence was never convincing in this tie ? or indeed against
Ostersunds and AC Milan in previous
rounds. Nacho Monreal got
irate and slapped his
clenched fists down when
none of his three fellow
defenders reacted to a loose
ball and Fyodor Chalov
scored, but the left back was
culpable of exactly the same
mistake
when
Kirill
Nababkin pounced on Petr
Cech dropping a shot five
minutes after the restart to
give CSKA a fighting
chance.
At that point the home
supporters behind the
goal had stripped off
their shirts and were
baying for a third goal
that would have
levelled the tie.
They thought it was
about to be delivered.
Ahmed Musa wriggled his
way into the penalty area
and Shkodran Mustafi made
a clumsy challenge, jumping into the forward?s leg.
Musa went down wanting a
penalty and the referee,
Felix Zwayer, appeared to
oblige and point to the
spot, sending the crowd
wild. But the angle of his
arm was deceptive and he
had given a goal kick, much
to Arsenal?s relief. The
German official earlier
turned down CSKA?s
claim that the ball struck
Ramsey?s arm in the area.
Welbeck made their progress safe
and secure after a brilliant give-and-go
with Mohamed Elneny, before
Ramsey?s leveller somewhat flattered
the away side. Only Welbeck walked
away with some credit. Jack Wilshere
twice went down injured, the second
time for several minutes when he felt a
kick to the back of his right ankle.
Mesut 謟il never came close to
reaching the level that he displayed last
week. He did put in an unexpected
defensive shift, cutting out two
through-balls, one with the back of his
heel. But the playmaker faded badly
and the onus will be on him to deliver in
the semi-final when Henrikh Mkhitaryan is likely to be missing because of a
knee injury. He is touch and go to
return in time.
Arsenal did not need to win, which
was just as well because they had never
won in Russia, drawing one of four
meetings, all in Moscow. That tells its
own tale of how Arsenal have fared
abroad and their away form has been a
big concern this season. They have lost
eight league games and won just seven
times on the road in all competitions,
four in this one. Atletico Madrid would
not be expected to let them escape as
easily on their home soil.
CSKA took encouragement from
Roma and Juventus each levelling on
aggregate from three goals down after
the first leg of their Champions League
ties, the position they were in at kick-off
and their plan was evidently to slide
through-balls behind Mustafi and
Laurent Koscielny, forcing the cumbersome Arsenal centre backs to turn.
CSKA were not causing alarm ?
until things got messy for the final eight
minutes of the first half. Aleksandr
Golovin, their main creative outlet,
danced across the penalty area and
tried to check back on his left foot
rather than shoot.
Arsenal crowded him out but typically, they then conceded a soft goal.
H閏tor Beller韓 lost a header in a
challenge.
Konstantin
Kuchayev
swung a cross to the far post and
Nababkin outjumped Monreal and
planted a firm header low to Cech?s
right. The goalkeeper scooped the ball
off his line and should have been aided
by his defenders. Neither Mustafi,
Koscielny nor Beller韓 reacted to the
loose ball and Chalov hammered
home the rebound. CSKA might
have instantly grabbed a
second goal when Kristijan
Bistrovic pulled back a cross
but Musa could not quite
reach it.
The second arrived
five minutes into the
second half when Golovin struck a shot from
range that Cech flapped
at and the ball fell loose.
Nababkin was quicker
than Monreal to the
rebound to convert.
Arsenal were living
dangerously,
too
dangerously at the back,
but just about survived.
Ramsey scored in injury
time to round off the tie
CSKA Moscow (3-1-4-2): I Akinfeev 6 ? V Berezutski 6,
S Ignashevich 6, A Berezutski 6 ? K Bistrovic 6 (sub:
B Natkho 72min) ? K Nababkin 7, A Dzagoev 5 (sub:
Vitinho 37, 6), A Golovin 8, K Kuchayev 8 ? F Chalov 6
(sub: G Milanov 79), A Musa 6.
Substitutes not used I Pomazun, G Schennikov,
K Khosonov, T Zhamaletdinov. Booked Golovin.
Arsenal (4-2-3-1): P Cech 5 ? H Beller韓 4, S Mustafi 5,
L Koscielny 5, N Monreal 4 ? M Elneny 5, A Ramsey 5 ?
M 謟il 5, J Wilshere 5 (sub: C Chambers 69), D Welbeck
6 ? A Lacazette 5 (sub: A Iwobi 77).
Substitutes not used M Macey, R Holding,
P Mertesacker, S Kolasinac, E Nketiah.
Referee F Zwayer (Germany).
Welbeck left defence
for dead for first goal
The semi-final draws
1
Ars鑞e Wenger?s men are in a first
European semi-final for nine years.
The Europa League last four are:
Arsenal
Red Bull Salzburg
Marseilles
Atletico Madrid
The draw takes place today in Nyon,
Switzerland at 11am live on BT Sport
2. The ties are to be played on April
26 and May 3.
Welbeck
2
The Champions League semi-final
draw will take place at midday. The
last four are:
Welbeck
Elneny
Bayern Munich
Liverpool
Real Madrid
Roma
The ties will be played on April 24-25
and May 1-2
3
Welbeck
Elneny
4
Welbeck
Elneny
Welbeck beats his man on the left flank
and carries the ball infield (1). He draws
another CSKA player towards him and lays
the ball off to Elneny (2), before heading
into the opposition box. Elneny spots the
run and slides a pass towards the penalty
spot (3), where Welbeck collects it ?
completely unmarked (4) ? and scores.
My players lacked urgency, says Wenger
Gary Jacob
Ars鑞e Wenger admitted that his heart
was beating faster than normal when
CSKA Moscow went 2-0 up but paid
tribute to Danny Welbeck for ensuring
that Arsenal made it through to the
semi-finals of the Europa League.
Welbeck started in the absence of
Henrikh Mkhitaryan and grabbed his
fifth goal in as many games ? and third
in a week after a brace in the 3-2 victory
at home to Southampton on Sunday.
The former Manchester United
striker had lost his starting place after
Alexandre Lacazette?s return from a
knee injury and, with his contract
ending in the summer of 2019, it looked
like he would have to consider his
options. But Wenger seems adamant
that he wants to keep him.
?Danny Welbeck, when you have
backs to the wall, he looks like he has an
extra special motivation in his body and
head to give you something special,?
Wenger said. ?That is something really
exceptional, you do not find it in many
players.?
Wenger said that his players had
Wenger said that
CSKA?s 2-0 lead
had him worried
been complacent, not for the first time
of late, having led 4-1 from the first leg.
That was despite his pre-match
warnings after watching Roma beat
Barcelona and Juventus nearly
overcome Real Madrid.
?CSKA made my heart beat much
quicker than I expected it to be. I wished
him good luck for the rest of the
season,? he said. ?It is difficult to turn up
with the same urgency than if the
difference is very small. That played a
part in the way that we played in the
first half.
?They were mobile, technically good,
gave us many problems. You would say
that in Europe maybe teams have come
closer, games have been very open . . .
and that everything is possible in every
single game.?
Wenger said that Mkhitaryan would
be out for a fortnight and was not
concerned about drawing Atletico
Madrid today in the last four.
?Everybody speaks about Atletico
Madrid, they look the strongest on
paper from now on, but you must say as
well the results that Salzburg have
done,? he said. ?Marseilles is always a
difficult place to go. Maybe it?s better I
do not wish for anybody.?
the times | Friday April 13 2018
71
2G M
Sport
nervy Arsenal
GRIGORY DUKOR/REUTERS
Outstanding Oliver
is being put under
too much pressure
Mark
Clattenburg
Former Champions
League referee and
BT Sport pundit
L
Tony Cascarino?s
talking points
Wilshere injury woe Elneny on offensive Overhaul needed
One of the most commonly uttered
phrases by any commentator is ?Jack
Wilshere is down injured?. It has
reached the point where he has to
understand that no club will be keen
to give him a long-term contract.
Wilshere, below, is a pay-as-you-play
player. He is always rolling an ankle
or grimacing after being caught on
his ankles. I am
suspicious about how
many games he can
give a team over a
season. Wilshere is 26
but seems to have
the body of a much
older player.
Mohamed Elneny made two crucial
and perceptive passes. If he could play
in a more offensive position regularly
he could be very influential. Arsenal
need a central midfielder with vision.
The new long-term contract he has
just been given implies that they have
faith in his range. As soon as Calum
Chambers came on, Elneny was able
to get forward. Before then he had
not only lacked influence last night
but lacked an awareness
of where he was
supposed
t be.
to
Arsenal will need a complete
overhaul over the next two or three
years. Their newer players are
shadows of the great ones of the
past. Alexandre Lacazette cannot
lead the line properly. He is a
sharp striker but he does not
pressurise the defenders, you rarely
see him steal the ball off the centre
half and he needs to play as part of a
two-pronged attack. At times it feels
as though the team are carrying him.
As far as the midfield is concerned,
Arsenal miss the injured Santi
Cazorla and players of the stature of
Tomas Rosicky, who left in 2016 and
has now retired.
et?s be clear about one thing
first: Michael Oliver got the
two important decisions at
the end of Wednesday?s
Champions League quarterfinal second leg absolutely spot on.
Medhi Benatia?s challenge on Lucas
V醶quez was a penalty. Michael will
have seen from his view what was a
small push by the Juventus defender
but he will also have had help from
the extra assistant referee positioned
behind the goal. From his angle, the
assistant referee would have seen the
foot wrapping around the Real
Madrid man?s body. Michael did
er off,
not send the defender
which suggests that he
thought he had madee
o
a genuine attempt to
get the ball. It?s a
clumsy foul, but it?s
still a foul.
The decision to
send Buffon off is
also correct. Uefa
are very clear on
the subject of
?mobbing? officials.
There was clear
dissent from the
d what
goalkeeper, right, and
hael?s mind up
probably made Michael?s
h Buffon
ff
to send him off was that
confronted him twice. Once is more
understandable, given the emotions of
what had just happened, and referees
do understand why players react to
decisions that are going to decide the
outcome of big matches. But he went
at Michael a second time, and it was
more confrontational.
What he said is almost less
important than the manner in which
he said it. Generally when you referee
European matches the players will be
screaming at you in their own
languages rather than in English,
because they are not trying to explain
to you why they think the decision is
wrong, they are just angry. I began to
recognise some of the most common
abusive phrases in various languages.
When Michael sees an incident like
that one, he will only have been
thinking about that decision. The
idea, as some at Juventus seem to be
claiming, that he should have taken
into account similar decisions made
by other referees in previous matches,
is ridiculous. People say referees want
to put themselves in the spotlight but
that is the last thing he will have been
thinking about. What was he
supposed to do? If he had not given
the penalty, and got the decision
wrong, can you imagine the reaction
at Real?
People have to think about the
demands that have been placed on
Michael this week. He began with the
Merseyside derby, then he had a
Champions League quarter-final, and
he will do West Ham United against
Stoke City in the Premier League on
Monday, another game that will be
live on television.
Every decision he makes will be
subject to scrutiny. The mental side of
refereeing has become the hardest
part, and that is why more and more
referees are leaving the Premier
League younger. The refereeing itself
is fine, as is the physical side, but
dealing with the pressure is the
challenge.
Howard Webb left the Premier
League early, I did the same, Graham
Poll was another and Phil
Dowd has stepped down
recentl When a senior
recently.
refere leaves early,
referee
that is 20 big games
a sseason that the
yo
younger guys, who
a still learning,
are
h
have
to take on.
Michael is the
b referee in the
best
Pr
Premier League
an at 33 he still has
and
five years before he
even rreaches his peak,
which is usually between
38 and 41. H
38
He is young and
fit, and he reads the game well.
fit,
Th reaction
i to W
The
Wednesday will be
a test for him, even though he can
watch the game back and see he did
well. There has been a huge angry
reaction in Italy, but it really has
nothing to do with his performance.
He won?t be able to ignore that
reaction, but it?s good that he does
not have social media accounts.
There is no reason why Michael
will not referee finals in the next few
years. But there is a problem that the
pressures of refereeing are making
careers at the top level shorter. This
applies to other countries in Europe
as well.
People have said that the absence
of an English referee from the World
Cup finals this summer is a sign of
declining standards but they are
wrong. That was solely down to my
decision to move to Saudi Arabia,
when I had been the English referee
on the list. It was too late for a
replacement, and only ten referees
can make the final cut anyway, so the
standard is very high, and some very
experienced international officials,
such as Jonas Eriksson from Sweden,
will not be going. Michael shows the
standard in England is still high.
Ramos fearing semi-final ban
Real Madrid are anxiously waiting
for the referee?s report from their
controversial Champions League clash
with Juventus to learn whether they are
in danger of losing Sergio Ramos for
the semi-final.
Ramos, 32, was suspended for
Wednesday?s quarter-final second leg
and was in the Bernab閡 stands for
most of the game. However, as
Cristiano Ronaldo scored the last-gasp
penalty to put Real through, Ramos
was celebrating and berating his
opponents in the tunnel area, which is
against Uefa regulations.
If the incident appears in the match
report of Michael Oliver, the referee,
Ramos could be banned again.
Gianluigi Buffon is set to be charged
by Uefa for the rant that earned him a
red card and his post-match comments
about Oliver, which included him
saying that the English referee had ?a
trash bin instead of a heart?.
Friday April 13 2018 | the times
2G M
Sport
Sports newspaper of the year
Today
Tomorrow
Get lucky with our Grand
National sweepstake kit
Unmissable 12-page guide
to the big day at Aintree
Page 64
Including top tips and silks guide
GRIGORY DUKOR/REUTERS
Itoje?s agent
banned for
betting blitz
Owen Slot Chief Rugby Correspondent
Maro Itoje?s agent was yesterday
suspended from working in rugby for
22 months having been found guilty by
an RFU disciplinary panel of placing
1,476 bets on the game in three and a
half years, using a betting account in
which more than �0,000 had been
deposited.
Matt Hart represents not only Itoje
but other big names in the game such as
Ben Te?o, Marcus Smith, Taulupe
Faletau and Ross Moriarty.
Hart was found guilty of two charges:
betting on rugby and receiving the
proceeds; and failing to co-operate with
the RFU?s investigation.
Despite placing the bets on rugby
through an account with Bet365, when
asked about his gambling, Hart gave
the name of a different betting company and claimed that he only used it
for gambling on ?football and the odd
horse race?.
The ?fundamental thrust? of Hart?s
case was that he was placing these bets
on behalf of his father, David, and was
being funded by him. He claimed that
his father put him under emotional
pressure to do so because he was trying
to hide his gambling from his wife and
did not want to risk their relationship if
she found out.
The RFU accepted that at least some
of the bets were placed for the benefit of
Hart?s father, but not all.
Due to Hart?s suspension, Itoje may
decide to be represented by another
agent within the Stellar Group or to
move to another agency.
Such a reassessment may help Itoje
because there are a number of people
within the game who believe that the
England forward has become overly
committed to commercial obligations.
Stellar Group is a longstanding
sports agency. Its main strength is
football, representing players such as
Gareth Bale, of Real Madrid and Wales.
Itoje is under contract with Saracens
until next year. Hart will not be able to
lead the player?s contract negotiations
because he will still be serving his
suspension.
In hearing the evidence of Hart?s
operation of his Bet365 account, the
RFU panel was made aware of large
numbers of bets being placed, many on
rugby in the southern hemisphere and
many in the middle of the night.
The panel was given a picture of
gambling ?churn? where winnings from
bets would be quickly reinvested in
others. The panel experienced
difficulty in assessing the extent to
which Hart benefited personally from
the winnings because he provided only
partial bank-account documentation
and redacted material.
In the hearing, Hart claimed that he
did not understand his conduct to be in
contravention of the RFU regulations.
However, evidence was provided from
his ?agents registration scheme examination? in which he had scored 100 per
cent. Question 19 of the exam asked:
?To what extent can a Registered Agent
bet on rugby matches?? Hart correctly
ticked the answer: ?A Registered Agent
cannot bet on any rugby matches
anywhere in the world.?
The ban begins immediately and
lasts until February 11, 2020.
Times Crossword 27,011
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2
3
4
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10
12
13
14
5
6
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27
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24
Salah will not
be sold ? Klopp
Paul Joyce
Northern Football Correspondent
Mohamed Salah has underlined his
commitment to Liverpool as J黵gen
Klopp warned the rest of Europe?s elite
that they are wasting their time trying
to lure the Egyptian from Anfield.
The buoyant mood in the build-up to
today?s Champions League semi-final
draw was further strengthened with
Klopp confirming that Salah is happy at
the club that has given him a platform
to showcase his talents. Salah stands
on the cusp of scoring 40 goals in a
season.
Liverpool have been in regular
contact with Salah?s agent, Ramy
Abbas, throughout the season and
while the player is less than 12 months
into a five-year contract, there is a
willingness to cement further the
relationship. ?I know that Mo feels very
Continued on page 69
Top flight set
for VAR delay
Matt Dickinson Chief Sports Writer
Welbeck to the rescue in Russia
Arsenal draw 2-2 with CSKA Moscow to reach Europa League semis, pages 70-71
across
down
1 Obsequious in writing about host
(6)
4 With welcome, sends up for drinks
(8)
9 Lovely lass into funk, not piano (7)
11 One saves snooker player after
break ends prematurely (7)
12 African language parents perfect
(5)
13 Readily receiving English doctor at
the ?at, perhaps (9)
14 Garland one received by Yankee
detective on podium (5,5)
16 Post pack for audition (4)
19 Hooter stopping work ? no
coming back (4)
20 Sons just like ?sh ? and try game
(5-1-4)
22 See way, roughly, to exploit
something hopeless (4,5)
23 Looking back, slander getting
cheers in fact (5)
25 Tear apart LP: cruel for composer
(7)
26 Finish perhaps with eagle, swallow
or duck (3,4)
27 Pupils moving quickly to get in
place before kick-off (8)
28 Not the main action brought to us
by Times Sport (2-4)
1 In bursts resort?s doctor, detectives
following up (9)
2 West Ham?s to drop useless Scot (5)
3 One good in exercising large
tummy? (8)
5 Fare not appropriate for soldiers?
(4-6,3)
6 Remains in authority, making
progress with con?dence (6)
7 An opera or two containing joke
about educated girl (1,8)
8 Woman?s cardigan: zip it over
blanket (5)
10 Country vet picked up on common
(5,8)
15 Island where local has no
occupation? (9)
17 Mere failing in Napoleon:
allowance must be made (4,5)
18 Group I?m having a go at for
law-breaking (8)
21 Plan that is borderline acceptable
initiated (6)
22 Readily accept tour is over (3,2)
24 Winding up on internet register
after time (5)
The 2018 Times National
Crossword Championship
qualifying puzzle No 1
will appear here on
Wednesday, April 18
Premier League clubs could vote today
to delay the introduction of the Video
Assistant Referee system, possibly for
another year, to allow for more testing
to iron out any glitches.
The 20 top-flight clubs are due to
discuss VAR at a meeting today but, as
revealed by The Times last month, some
clubs believe that more trials are
necessary, which could lead to a delay
in implementation until 2019-20, even
though VAR will be used at the World
Cup finals in Russia this summer and
has been deployed in other leading
European leagues.
Teething problems with the system
led Gianni Infantino, president of Fifa,
to admit yesterday that he is ?ready for
controversy? in Russia but he insisted
in the latest Fifa magazine that the
Continued on page 69
Yesterday?s solution 27,010
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5.15
Weatherbys Racing Bank Standard
Open National Hunt Flat Race
(Grade II: �,322: 2m 209y) (20)
231 AL DANCER 20 (H,D,S) N Twiston-Davies 5-11-4
J Bargary
1
2- AMOOLA GOLD 427 D Skelton 5-11-4
H Skelton
2
1 ARTHUR MAC 74 (D,S) P Hobbs 5-11-4
R Johnson
3
B Hughes
4 3-1112 CHANCEANOTHERFIVE 68 (D,G,S) K Dalgleish 6-11-4
31 COMMANCHE RED 63 (D,S) C Gordon 5-11-4
T Cannon
5
4-31 DALI MAIL 57 (T,D,S) D Whillans 5-11-4
C Whillans
6
11 DANNY KIRWAN 48 (D,G,S) P Nicholls 5-11-4
S Twiston-Davies
7
1 DAZIBAO 39 (D) G Baker 5-11-4
A Tinkler
8
12 HARAMBE 63 (S) A King 5-11-4
T Bellamy
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11 HIGHLAND HUNTER 78 (D,G,S) Miss L Russell 5-11-4
D R Fox
10
T Scudamore
11 1202 KATESON 70 (D,G) T Lacey 5-11-4
10 MERCY MERCY ME 30 (D,S) F O'Brien 6-11-4
P Brennan
12
G Sheehan
13 1-2P2 PORTRUSH TED 87 (T,S) W Greatrex 6-11-4
1-2 PYM 48 (D,S) N Henderson 5-11-4
J McGrath
14
1 SEVARANO 63 (D,S) O Sherwood 5-11-4
N Fehily
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17 0-110 THEATRE LEGEND 68 (D,S) C Grant 5-11-4
D N Russell
18 3313 THOSEDAYSAREGONE 11 (S) C Byrnes (Ire) 5-11-4
1 MISTER FISHER 27 (D,S) N Henderson 4-10-12
N De Boinville
19
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20 2101 NORMAL NORMAN 53 (D,G) John Ryan 4-10-12
118
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111
-120
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125
v136
122
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125
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113
119
110
7-4 Danny Kirwan, 5-1 Mister Fisher, 6-1 Mercy Mercy Me, 7-1 Pym, 8-1 Severano, 14-1 Arthur Mac,
16-1 Kateson, Portrush Ted, 20-1 Harambe, 22-1 Chanceanotherfive, Skidoosh, 25-1 others.
Wright choice: Arthur Mac showed a good attitude to win at Hereford and
can cope with this rise in class Dangers: Mercy Mercy Me, Danny Kirwan
66
2G M
Friday April 13 2018 | the times
Sport
It has its problems
but championship
cricket will adapt
T20 rules the roost now,
but the roll call of stars
shows that sport?s
cockroach still matters,
writes Steve James
A decade ago I wrote somewhere that
the county season was beginning under
probably its darkest-ever shadow.
Something called the Indian Premier
League was stirring far away and it
hardly required powers of clairvoyance
to know that this would cause a few
problems along the way.
Here we are now with the County
Championship beginning another
season today with its threat ? or more
specifically the threat of domestic T20
cricket in general because it has given
rise to so many tournaments around
the world ? looming larger still.
This season there are more Englishmen taking part in the IPL than ever
before, with some whisked away as
injury replacements at the last minute,
much to the chagrin of their county
employers.
A meeting of directors of cricket and
head coaches was convened only last
Tuesday to discuss that and other
matters relating to the enveloping swirl
of T20, highlighted by a couple of highprofile English cricketers, Adil Rashid
and Alex Hales, having signed white
ball-only contracts with their counties.
There is rather a lot going on. Despite
a five-year �1 billion television deal,
there is still much scepticism about the
eight-team, city-based T20 competition starting in 2020, with unrest over
payments to some counties for not
hosting Test cricket ? and a couple of
board directors resigning in the process
? leading to a feeling in some quarters
that the ECB is more concerned with
the eight counties hosting T20 teams
than the other ten; in other words, that
they are angling towards a smaller
county game.
Add in the recent news that Colin
Graves, the ECB chairman, may be feeling some pressure and is pursuing legal
action against ESPNcricinfo?s George
Dobell, and it all looks rather messy.
Should we be that worried, though?
Should we heck. After all, this is county
cricket, that comforting refuge of
conflict, compromise and change, with
compensation (for IPL departures)
now apparently a prospective dweller.
These are the most delicate of times
for the game as a whole as it too wrestles with T20, a modern society with so
little time and new ways of following
sport, and players with massive power
and a different attitude from some,
for whom red-ball cricket holds little
interest. County concord would really
be more concerning. The schedule is a
bewildering puzzle, often compared to
a Rubik?s cube, which is poppycock
really because people can solve that
puzzle.
We have too many counties, all with
different set-ups, problems, aims and
outlooks, and there is too much cricket
to fit in, but none of that is easy to
change ? although getting rid of 50-
Last year?s final tables
Division One
P W L D NR
Essex
14 10 0 4 0
Lancashire
14 5 3 6 0
Surrey
14 2 2 10 0
Yorkshire
14 4 5 5 0
Hampshire
14 3 3 8 0
Somerset
14 4 6 4 0
Middlesex*
14 3 4 7 0
Warwickshire
14 1 9 4 0
Division Two
Worcestershire
14 9 3 2 0
Nottinghamshire
14 7 2 5 0
Northamptonshire** 14 9 3 2 0
Sussex
14 7 5 2 0
Kent
14 4 2 7
1
Gloucestershire
14 3 4 7 0
Glamorgan
14 3 7 4 0
Derbyshire
14 3 7 3
1
Durham***
14 3 6 5 0
Leicestershire****
14 0 9 5 0
Points deductions:
*Two points (slow over rate)
**Five points (slow over rate)
***48 points (accepting financial aid)
****16 points (breach of player conduct)
Pts
248
176
163
148
148
147
146
86
238
222
217
196
175
147
133
127
98
75
Today?s fixtures
Division One Ageas Bowl
Hampshire v Worcestershire, Old
Trafford Lancashire v
Nottinghamshire,
Headingley Yorkshire v Essex.
Division Two
Canterbury Kent v Gloucestershire,
Lord?s Middlesex v
tonshire,
Northamptonshire,
n
Edgbaston
Warwickshire
hire v
Sussex
over cricket, as often
suggested
by
my
colleague
Mike
Atherton,
would
surely not
be a calamityy
nd,
?
and,
regarding the
number of counties, why would you
nge?
want to change?
Some of their recent decisions may
appear to tell a different story, but I am
convinced that the ECB is committed
to an 18-county structure. The championship may be lopsided, with eight
teams in Division One and ten in Division Two and is being pushed more and
more to the margins of the season ?
there are only three full rounds taking
place in July and August ? but that
does not mean that it is going to die.
It just has to take its place in the
pecking order. T20 rules now. That
makes the money. That can save the
rest of the county game. It must take
precedence in fixture organisation
(playing one-day stuff instead of the
championship now would be ridiculous
anyway). The new competition must be
attempted and embraced, even if by a
new and different audience.
But, as I mentioned ten years ago in
the article referenced at the beginning,
the championship is the ultimate sporting cockroach. It has suffered an awful
lot of stamping upon over the years.
Ever since its official beginning in 1890
it has mostly been financially
unfeasible ? I now understand why.
As a player, the Glamorgan chief
executive, to my anger, always called it
a ?necessary evil?. The interest is there
but so much of it is from a distance. It
does not pay the bills.
The competition has been constantly
tinkered with, altering durations of
matches, days and so much more. But it
always returns for more, as it does this
morning.
The rest of the world is often loath to
admit it, but they envy it. Most cricketers do not feel complete until they have
experienced a stint in it. Despite all
those T20 leagues, the roll call this
season is pretty impressive: Hashim
Amla, Aiden Markram, Shaun Marsh,
Morn� Morkel, Cheteshwar Pujara,
Dale Steyn, below, and Kane Williamson. Probably Virat Kohli too.
It is just that the championship may
have to adapt again. At that meeting on
Tuesday the idea of three conferences
was discussed. It is not a new idea. It was
discussed in 2008. But it now seems an
increasingly good idea.
Two divisions, introduced in 2000,
were right then. They brought intensity
and, believe it or not, added professionalism. But the landscape has changed.
Intensity and professionalism are not
the problems. Cherry-picking and
rel
the fear of relegation,
with its
attendant pressures on
selection recruitment
selection,
de
and development,
are
the iissues at hand.
S
Some
counties,
ma
mainly
those
m
most
fiscally
ch
challenged, are
tu
turning
their
b
backs on the
cchampionship,
go
going
through
th
the motions there
and instead focusing their attentions
on wh
white-ball cricket,
especial
especially T20. That
cannot be right.
Andrew Str
Strauss, as director
of England crick
cricket, is known to
prefer two divisions for its pitting of the
best against the best, which has its
merits, of course. But for the wider
consideration of all 18 counties, with
probable benefits to wage levels, players
remaining with home counties and the
presence of more England-qualified
players, it is surely time to return to an
all-in championship. It may not dilute
the standard as much as some think.
That is not for right now, though. We
have just those eight teams who can win
the championship this season ? and
were I a betting man I would put a
pound on Lancashire ? but in both
divisions in the coming weeks batsmen
especially can catch the eye of the
England Test selectors, whoever they
may be.
Try telling Joe Clarke, Nick Gubbins,
Haseeb Hameed, Dan Lawrence and
Liam Livingstone that the County
Championship does not matter. They
will be batting as if their very lives
depend upon it.
Division
One preview
By Steve James and Elizabeth Ammon
Essex
Captain Ryan ten
Doeschate
Coach Anthony McGrath
Overseas players Peter Siddle (Aus,
April to mid-May), Neil Wagner (NZ,
mid-May to end of July), Adam Zampa
(Aus, T20).
Reasons for optimism
They are champions! They still have a
very strong squad, with batting depth
(eight championship centurions last
season) and the two leading wickettakers in Division One last year, Jamie
Porter and Simon Harmer.
Reasons for optimism
They finished second last season and
their young talents are now a year
older and wiser. They look an
immensely exciting squad with a
couple of shrewd acquisitions in
Keaton Jennings and Graham Onions.
Reasons for pessimism
The departures of Kyle Jarvis and
Ryan McLaren, as well as James
Anderson?s absences, will put pressure
on the seam attack, but hopefully
Onions and Mennie, as well as the
rapid Saqib Mahmood, can cope.
Reasons for pessimism
They are champions! Everyone will be
out to get them, and coach Chris
Silverwood has left for England.
England watch
Tom Westley had his chance last year
but could Dan Lawrence, the 20-yearold batsman, have his this season?
Verdict
Retaining the title is always difficult
and they will not see Alastair Cook as
much. Sure to be contenders, though.
Peter Siddle
Essex
Haseeb Hameed
Lancashire
England watch
Livingstone, Haseeb Hameed,
Jennings, even Jos Buttler when he
plays championship cricket at the end
of the season. Keep an eye on Matt
Parkinson the leg spinner too.
Verdict
Should be genuine championship
contenders. Alex Davies, Shivnarine
Chanderpaul, Jennings, Steven Croft
and Dane Vilas should score enough
runs if they lose Hameed and
Livingstone to England.
Hampshire
Captain James Vince
Coach Craig White (first
team), Giles White (director
of cricket)
Overseas players Hashim Amla (SA,
first three months), Dale Steyn (SA,
short stint in June and possibly
August/September)
Reasons for optimism
Have made some strong signings. Sam
Northeast and Hashim Amla should
provide heaps of early-season runs.
Vince may have done enough to get
another England call-up but
Hampshire have the depth to cover.
The bowling looks very strong, led by
Kyle Abbott and Steyn.
Reasons for pessimism
Last year the Ageas Bowl was too
batsman-friendly for them to force
enough wins. They drew five of their
seven home games, which put a lot of
pressure on the team to win away.
England watch
Vince and Mason Crane, the leg
spinner, will probably get another go
but Liam Dawson probably will not.
Verdict
With impressive signings, Hampshire
should be nearer the top than bottom.
Lancashire
Captain Liam Livingstone
Coach Glen Chapple
Overseas players
Joe Mennie (Aus), James Faulkner
(Aus, T20)
Nottinghamshire
Captain Steven Mullaney
(CC and One-Day Cup), Dan
Christian (T20 Blast)
Coach Peter
Moores
Overseas players
Ross Taylor (NZ, first 8 CC
matches and ODC), Dan
Christian (Aus, T20), Ish Sodhi
(NZ, T20)
Reasons for optimism
Taylor is a huge asset to give them a
good start and bringing in the
experienced Chris Nash helps fill the
gaps left by retirements. Mullaney
should take to captaincy well.
Reasons for pessimism
The batting took a hit with the loss of
Chris Read, Michael Lumb, Greg Smith
and Brendan Taylor and it?s going to
be tough. Paul Coughlin is a terrific
signing but he?s out for most of the
season with a shoulder injury.
England watch
With Coughlin out, not many others
pushing immediately for honours.
Verdict
Probably not strong enough to push
for the title but a balanced side with
some very experienced cricketers
such as Chris Nash, Samit Patel,
Mullaney and Luke Fletcher, which
should mean they stay up.
Somerset
Captain Tom Abell (CC,
ODC), Lewis Gregory (T20)
Coach Jason Kerr
the times | Friday April 13 2018
67
1G M
Sport
Overseas player
Matt Renshaw (Aus), Corey Anderson
(NZ, T20)
brother and will be considered. Leach
has had a chance already. Bess has
impressed the England management.
Reasons for optimism
Abell will have learnt from a tricky first
year in charge. Jack Leach and Dom
Bess are established spin twins and
Craig Overton will have benefited from
his initial forays into Test cricket.
Verdict
After a narrow escape last season,
staying up will not be easy again. The
talk is that the spinning pitches at
Taunton will be shelved. Why? They
make for great cricket.
Reasons for pessimism
It has been a winter of upheaval with
Matthew Maynard, the director of
cricket, and Lee Cooper, the chief
executive, departing. The Cameron
Bancroft situation will have unsettled
the team but they have replaced him
with his fellow Australian Renshaw.
England watch
Jamie Overton is quicker than his
Surrey
Captain Rory Burns (CC
and ODC), Jade Dernbach
(T20)
Coach Michael di Venuto
Overseas players
Aaron Finch (Aus, T20), Dean Elgar (SA)
Reasons for optimism
They are a good side.
They were genuine challengers in all
three competitions last season. Morn�
Morkel is a wonderful signing. There is
so much talent in Tom and Sam
Curran, Jason Roy, Ben Foakes, Amar
Virdi and Ollie Pope.
Reason for pessimism
Kumar Sangakkara has gone, Burns is
untried as captain and a number of
players, such as Mark Stoneman, Tom
Curran and Roy, will probably be
unavailable at times.
England watch
Can Stuart Meaker come back into the
picture? Can Roy get enough
championship runs to warrant Test
consideration? Off spinner Virdi is
highly rated.
Verdict
They will be challenging on all fronts
again, especially with Morkel.
Worcestershire
Captain Joe Leach
Coach Kevin Sharp
Overseas players
Travis Head (Aus), Martin Guptill (NZ,
T20), Callum Ferguson (Aus, T20)
Reasons for optimism
It was all change at New Road over the
winter with Steve Rhodes, the director
of cricket, leaving but they?ll be well
led in the new era by Sharp, assisted
by Alan Richardson. There?s a sense of
optimism at New Road and there?s
certainly an impressive line up of
young talent.
Hashim Amla
Hampshire
Reasons for pessimism
Worcestershire are always a yo-yo club
and have historically found it tough
after promotion.
England watch
Joe Clarke, the batsman and part-time
wicketkeeper, who is already in the
Lions set-up. Josh Tongue has genuine
pace and is on the radar.
Verdict
Worcestershire are one of the most
likeable sides in county cricket, they
produce plenty of talent and are not
afraid to play their youngsters. It?s
admirable but Division One is tough
and they may be in a relegation scrap.
Yorkshire
Captain Gary Ballance
Coach Andrew Gale (head
coach), Martyn Moxon
(director of cricket)
Overseas players
Cheteshwar Pujara (India), Kane
Williamson (NZ), Billy Stanlake (Aus,
T20)
Reasons for optimism
Moxon has recruited two star overseas
players, Pujara and Williamson.
Ballance scores runs for fun in the
championship and is unlikely to get his
fourth England call-up. Crop of young
talent includes Harry Brook, the
England Under-19 World Cup captain.
more cricket
coverage
than ever
before
Cricket notebook
Don?t miss
Elizabeth Ammon?s
news diary. Today
at noon
thetimes.co.uk/sport and
the Times app
Reasons for pessimism
It?s unlikely they?ll see much of Joe
Root or Jonny Bairstow and they?ve
now been hit by late call-ups to the IPL
for Liam Plunkett and David Willey. Adil
Rashid has given up red-ball cricket
and the bowling looks a bit fragile.
England watch
Harry Brook, but not yet.
Verdict
Yorkshire?s ability to churn out talented
players from their academy combined
with shrewd overseas signings should
mean that they finish nearer the top
than the bottom.
Old-school Leicester
roaring as ever with
business end looming
Stuart Barnes
I
t is hard to envisage anything but
a hammering at Welford Road
tomorrow. It is that time of the
year when the Tigers roar.
Leicester ended 2017 with six
straight defeats; they entertain
Northampton Saints, their old East
Midlands rivals, on the back of five
consecutive victories while the Saints
slump to new depths, waiting for the
miracle to come. It?s a while since the
most successful English club of the
professional era have looked down on
their challengers from the heights but
it doesn?t do to dismiss Leicester.
Trying to analyse why and how the
Tigers find that spring in their step at
this time of year is not easy. A bit
more aggression at the breakdown
since Mark Bakewell joined as
forwards coach? Maybe. But that isn?t
enough. There is something so strong
within the heart of this club, strong
enough to take the many blows that
have fallen their way in the past few
years as Saracens and Exeter Chiefs
usurp their traditional dominance and
bounce back.
?Resilience? is the word Ben
Youngs used this week. He was asked
about the resurgence of the Tigers. It
is the perfect word for them. Here are
a couple of dictionary definitions for
resilience: ?Resuming of original
shape after bending? and ?recovery
from shock?. If Leicester are nothing
else they are surely resilient. The
losing run, the second-rate nature of
their European effort. The C-word
was used, a club in crisis. But then
again we use it every year and
Leicester make a mockery of us
doubters.
An expected victory against a
Northampton side who have nothing
but pride for which to play would take
them another step nearer to the Aviva
Premiership play-offs. Newcastle
Falcons and Sale Sharks,
fifth and sixth respectively,
play each other tonight. In
the next round Dean
Richards?s team travel to
the Leicester legend?s old
stomping ground, while
Sale play Exeter away.
By the time the Tigers
meet Sale in the final
round of the regular
season, they could
already be through
to the semi-finals.
Familiar territory
indeed for Leicester.
They have not failed to
finish in the top four since
2004, when they finished
fifth. They may have lost
their grip at the very
pinnacle of the sport but
there is no club in
England to match their
consistency.
In 2014, the year that
Northampton won the
Premiership, they beat
Leicester 21-20 in the semifinal to prevent the Tigers
making it ten finals on the
trot. These are
astonishing statistics,
ones alongside which a few defeats
here and a few wins there pale. And
Youngs knows it: ?I think that the
pride that we?ve always made the top
four helps.? Intangible but essential.
The scrum half, available after the
injury against Italy which ruled him
out of the rest of the Six Nations, with
Tom, his brother, and Dan Cole are
long-toothed Tigers.
What is the saying? Form is
temporary but class is permanent. So
too is pride in the Tigers jersey in
these hands. They are not alone but
they constitute the core that ensures
the great traditions of the club are
never forgotten. This places a burden
on the current crop. Who wants to be
part of the team that could not make
the semi-finals? In Leicester?s ruthless
quest for rekindled glory, coaches
have come and gone but there has
always been that core of Leicester
within the playing ranks. I played for
Bristol against Ben?s father, Nick, the
Leicester scrum half, in the 1983 John
Player Cup final. Tigers are bred in
the bone.
It is easy in these moneyed days to
claim that the game has irrevocably
changed and so too the cultures. On
Monday I wrote a column about my
old club Bath. It did not give me a
great deal of pleasure to write what I
did but something does seem to have
been lost down at the Recreation
Ground.
That ?something?, I suspect, is the
pride of which Youngs speaks.
Leicester have not been an
exceptional team for a fair few years
and I would be surprised if they are
good enough to win the Premiership
this time around but it is that inner
determination that sends them
soaring up the table even as others
are writing them off. A fierce pride
fuels the Tiger tank and sends them
surging past teams at least as good on
paper. The ground has grown up into
a superb rugby stadium since the days
Bath went to Welford Road expecting
to win but the Crumbie Stand ?
officially the South Stand ? retains
its terrace and raucous supporters,
one-eyed and of one mind, to cheer
the Tigers on.
The home team still run out to
Smoke on the Water by Deep Purple. I
have not forgotten the bass
reverberation in the away dressing
room. They don?t do change, or at
least they make it look as though
today?s beast is a smooth
transition from yesterday?s
Tiger, be it Martin Johnson,
Richards or Peter Wheeler.
Old Leicester and new
Leicester, one and the same.
Some clubs have used the
professional era to distance
themselves from the past;
Leicester cannot get enough
o
of the continuity. The bridge
has served them well. Rugby
p
players are not history
sstudents, a little help goes a
llong way.
If Bath are drowning in
modern money it is fair to say
tthat Leicester Tigers, year
after year, manage to stay
aafloat, buoyed by their old
ttraditions.
Ben Youngs, injured within ten
minutes of England?s Six Nations
campaign, returns for Leicester as
they battle for their 14th top-four
finish in the Premiership in a row
68
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Friday April 13 2018 | the times
Sport Football
?We have awesome fear factor?
Millwall manager Neil Harris
tells Henry Winter that the
secret of his unfashionable
team?s stunning rise is to have
players who will ?go to war?
N
eil Harris?s team-talks to his
promotion-chasing Millwall players
are very straightforward. ?I talk
about how far we?ve come,? he says.
?I talk about how proud I am
watching the team. It?s all from the heart
with me.?
This was supposed to be a season of
consolidation after reaching the Sky Bet
Championship. Millwall have a playing budget
in the bottom three but are in the top six. Time
spent at their Bromley training ground
yesterday revealed two of the key reasons
behind their incredible run: squad camaraderie
and the players? huge respect for Harris.
?You?ve got to let them express themselves,?
Harris smiles. ?If I look out of the window here
and see a naked player walking across the 18yard box as a dare or a punishment, I?ll tell him
to come inside and put some clothes on. If they
end up with chocolate cake in their hood . . . that
happens.?
The new Crazy Gang? ?No, nothing as far as
that. We?re not cutting up . . . well, maybe cutting
up trousers and socks. That definitely goes on in
the changing room. The sock disappears up the
shin. The latest one was George Saville had
some golf clubs delivered and has never seen
them. They?ve been delivered and signed for but
no one?s seen them.
?But there are non-negotiables here, and that
is hard work, team shape, team ethic, timekeeping, and in the right areas, on the ball
express yourself, play with freedom. That?s the
way me, Livers [David Livermore, the assistant]
and Timmy [Cahill, the Australia forward] came
through under Ray Harford and Ray Wilkins
[assistant coaches at Millwall in the 2000s].
?We were so lucky to work with such wellrespected guys. The atmosphere was bubbly.
Ray Harford [ex-Blackburn Rovers] was 4-4-2
and channel football, and if I didn?t make a run,
it was, ?Alan Shearer made that run?. ?Oh, I?ll
make it then.? I was striving to be Alan Shearer,
No 9 for England.
?Ray Wilkins could paint a picture of a pass
he wanted because he could do it. When he did
it with his right foot, he?d show us also with his
left. Ray and Ray were great characters.
?But I had managers who threw me out or
didn?t like an experienced player. I learnt from
their negatives. I try to work with a bit of
humility. I?ve got really good lads here. We look
at what they?re like as people as well as players.
Are they strong characters? Family life good? If
I put them in my Millwall team in front of
19,000 at the Den I?ve got to know they?re going
to go to war. They?re going to stand up for their
mates in the changing room. We?ve signed a hell
of a lot of good players.?
Such as in January, with Cahill from
Melbourne City and Ben Marshall on loan from
Wolverhampton Wanderers. ?I know Timmy?s
character, he?s a winner, a warrior, and he loves
this club. I knew he could make an impact,
lifting the fans. When Tim goes to warm up, the
place goes electric. When he goes on to the
pitch he puts fear into the opposition. He?s been
a major influence. Senior players learn off him.
Young players feed off him.
?It wasn?t just Timmy. Ben Marshall came in
and has brought goals. Jason Shackell [on loan
from Derby] with his experience and leadership,
and we bought Harry Toffolo from Norwich. All
four played a big part.?
It?s a dogfight to make the play-offs but in 43
days? time, Millwall could reach the Premier
League. ?That?s a scary thought. The Premier
League looks like miles away. The play-offs are
round the corner. I know the fans are still
pinching themselves. I wanted to build a
Millwall our fans can identify with. I?m
privileged to say we?ve done that, so far. Millwall
traits are team spirit and work ethic, it?s what
the fans demand. If a
Millwall fan was on the
pitch playing, what
would be the one
thing they?d do?
They?d give
everything. Win
or lose, if the
players run
through a brick
wall for the fans,
the fans will have
them.
?I stand in the tunnel
and can sense what mood
the fans are in, it?s the noise in the
warm-up, the hustle-bustle, and this
season has been extra special.
Sometimes they like to point out
where I?m going wrong in my
team selection, and point
out somebody?s getting
too old or not quite ready.
Others are really
positive. Millwall fans
are a unique bunch.?
Unfairly criticised?
?I think so at
times.
?At the Den,
with fans and
players together,
it?s an awesome fear factor for the
opposition. It?s a very difficult
vehicle to stop. When I took
over, my first aim was to
play with no fear, so if we
went a goal behind for us
to keep going and for the
fans to stick with the
players, and over the last
18 months they?ve done
that.
?We are an unfashionable
club. We?ve hit the headlines
for the wrong reasons. Every
time there?s an incident that
involves the club, the negative press
slides to the forefront of everyone?s
mind. We?re changing that but still with
a long way to go.?
Harris is loving it that John G Berylson,
the chairman, is being rewarded with this long
unbeaten run. ?First and foremost, he?s a
wonderful guy,? Harris says. ?We talk Second
World War, Donald Trump, Cold War. John?s
knowledge of English history is far greater than
mine. John has grown to love the club, become
Millwall?s late charge in the promotion race
Wolves
Place
1st
Cardiff
5
Fulham
10
Middlesbrough
15
Millwall
Derby
20
Automatic promotion places
Play-off places
Aston Villa
1st game
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
42
25
part of the club and after 11 and a half years he?s
earned the right to be part of the club. He?s had
to defend the club, take some flak over the years.
So I know he?s thoroughly enjoying it at the
moment. He?s living the dream as Millwall
chairman.?
Appointing the inexperienced Harris three
years ago was a gamble by Berylson but has
proved inspired. Millwall fans were shocked that
Neil Warnock, not Harris, had been voted
Championship manager of the year. ?I voted for
Neil. No disrespect to Nuno [Esp韗ito Santo],
and Wolves are rightly champions elect, but I
know who?s got which budget and I felt where
Cardiff have come from to now [is superb],
although they?re not quite as poorly off as Neil
would say. Lee Johnson [of Bristol City]
and Chrissy Wilder have had great
years, and are on our coat-tails.?
Harris, whose side go to Wilder?s
Sheffield United tomorrow, is the
longest-serving manager in the
Championship after Mick
McCarthy?s dramatic exit at
Ipswich. ?We live in a crazy
football industry. Mick?s
done a brilliant job at
Ipswich. I do feel for
him. He?s achieving
what he should,
actually more, but
that?s football, it?s
that social mediadriven and shortterm.?
Now 40,
Harris still lives in his native Essex, reaching the
training ground by 7am. ?I had a middle-class
upbringing, went to Brentwood, did crosscountry and 800m and always wanted to win for
the school. Frank [Lampard] was the year below
me. He was 14, I was 15, I played central
midfield, he played left back as he was too small
to play in the middle of the park. We didn?t win
anything, even with the two of us. We got
beaten in the semi-finals of the [ISFA] national
competition by Manchester Grammar. I don?t
talk about it. I hate losing.
?My wife knows when to leave me alone. The
dog?s still learning. My wife?s a football fan and
the children come to all the home games and a
lot of away. They feel my joy and my pain. The
hatred of losing was there when I was younger. I
used to cheat like mad as a kid at cards, playing
with my sister, my mum and my nan because I
wanted to win so much.?
His career briefly stalled at 23, when he had
testicular cancer diagnosed. ?It took a time to
become a ?footballer? again after being a ?cancer
sufferer?. It taught me life skills like standing in
front of the doctor, asking, ?Am I going to die??,
?Can I have children?? and, ?Will I ever play
football again?? So if we win or lose, or if one of
my players has missed a penalty, does it matter?
Hell yeah! It?s our livelihood, but the bigger
picture? It?s good taking a step back.
?Maybe that?s why I?m so relaxed. If we don?t
[go up], it?s not the end of the world. I was just a
kid when I was diagnosed, the 23-year-old lads
downstairs are thinking what doughnut they?re
going to have [a special treat yesterday] and
then whose top are they going to wipe their
chocolatey fingers on.?
Harris spent ten years as a player at Millwall in
two spells and admits that the thought of leading
them into the top flight as manager is scary
the times | Friday April 13 2018
69
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Sport
Matt Dickinson
MANCHESTER CITY/GETTY IMAGES
Tunnel Club brawls
show football still
wants it both ways
T
ensions in English football between
age-old tribalism and modern
corporatism were exposed, and not for
the last time, when a handful of people
stood in delight as Liverpool scored on
Tuesday night and, briefly, all hell broke loose.
Suddenly, like vigilantes, outraged Manchester
City fans were rounding up any infiltrators.
Stewards were summoned to hurl them out.
Him! Her! That one!
A woman was roundly abused. I saw one City
fan throw a jab as a man, apparently outed as a
Liverpool supporter and certainly not denying it,
was forcefully bundled out hollering: ?Do you
know how much I paid for this seat??
That mention of cost perhaps takes us to the
heart of the problem. This City team do not
come cheap. Someone has to pay for them.
Those heated, padded seats that form the
Tunnel Club go for at least �9 for a match, as
much as �,000 a season for the full package,
because you are not just watching a football
game. ?A premium networking space, perfect for
you and your clients with a concierge and
dedicated account manager catering for your
every need,? as the blurb on City?s website goes.
The pitch is obvious; this is not just about the
hardcore City-ites but the corporate market.
And if that is the allure, no one can expect them
to be fanatics, or even fans. After a glass of
chilled sauvignon blanc, it may be the only
game they watch in their life.
The rules in premium hospitality are not like
the rest of the Etihad Stadium, where fans are
advised that ?the club does not have a neutral
area and visiting supporters identified in the
home areas may face ejection?.
In hospitality, the requirements are only that
you should not wear club colours and behave
respectfully. Does standing up to applaud a goal,
even on a night of Champions League tension,
break that requirement?
Someone in the Tunnel Club seats was
wearing a half-and-half scarf, positively
advertising his neutrality as well as committing
the ultimate football fashion faux pas. If he
continued from back
Salah will not be sold, says Klopp
comfortable here,? Klopp said. ?He
knows that our style of play suits him
very well. So I am not worried about a
transfer.?
Salah said: ?There?s something very
special about playing for Liverpool. The
Champions League nights are special
for the fans too. You can feel it on the
streets.?
Klopp?s comments endorse the
stance of Fenway Sports Group, the
club?s owner, which will not countenance selling Salah this summer to
potential suitors such as Real Madrid.
Salah scored his 39th goal of the
season in the 2-1 win away to Manchester City, which put Liverpool into the
last four of the Champions League for
the first time in a decade. They will join
Real, Roma and Bayern Munich in the
draw in Nyon today. Emre Can, who is
a free agent this summer, may not play
again this season due to a back injury.
dares to clap a piece of sublime skill from the
away team ? Cristiano Ronaldo?s overhead kick
in Turin last week prompted a standing ovation
from Juventus fans ? and enough City diehards
around him take furious offence, does he
deserve to be thrown out?
Of course, having away fans in the home
section is hardly a new phenomenon ? and
most know, or learn painfully, that it is probably
wise to be discreet about it. In another section
of the Etihad, a Liverpool fan was beaten up for
revealing his allegiance, the blows caught on
video.
Corporate seating is hardly new either but it
does grow in scale, ambition and cost, with
Tottenham Hotspur hoping to raise the bar with
their own ?H Club? including ?provision for
guests to store their personal vintage wines,
cognacs and liquors in a purpose-built,
temperature-controlled on-site reserve?. A long
way from Bovril.
The Premier League increasingly attracts
more tourist fans, as we can see from the
seemingly thriving industry of half-and-half
scarves. It is necessary, if you are a proper
football fan, to say that this is A Terrible Thing;
the end of real football as we know it. The halfand-half is the ultimate symbol of naffness.
Oliver made right call
To hear even sensible people question Michael
Oliver?s decision to send off Gianluigi Buffon
shows how horribly skewed football?s culture
remains. How much haranguing and banging
should any official accept?
Some say that other referees would have
been more tolerant. But they shouldn?t be, and
would not need to be if the game?s authorities
properly declared war on the culture of abuse.
But that is far too much like hard work so
Oliver is left to fend for himself in
horrendously difficult circumstances and still
gets criticised for it. Mad.
A fan in City?s Tunnel Club films the players walking on to the pitch. A ticket for the hospitality area
costs �9 a game but that price did not stop some Liverpool fans buying a seat on Tuesday
Yet plenty of English fans are football tourists,
or would like to be; flying off to Barcelona,
Dortmund, even Buenos Aires to savour a
different ground, different culture and to
experience someone else?s passion.
I have no intention of buying a half-and-half
scarf, and look on befuddled as others do. But if
I take my kids to, say, Real Madrid against
Atletico, and they want one as a memento, is
that such a terrible crime? If they clap the
wrong goal, should we expect to be set upon and
thrown out?
English football wrestles with the old and
new; pride in its rowdy tribalism and what is
called, sneeringly by some, the ?gentrification?.
As I have argued previously, if that means a
stadium is safe for my wife and kids, the urinals
are not overflowing and racism is at least not
overt, then I struggle to see that it is such a bad
thing.
Some fear dilution of passion. A debate about
safe standing in the top divisions, which may
also make prices more affordable, is not going
away even if Tracey Crouch, the sports minister,
rejected this week a proposal from West
Bromwich Albion to install a section of railseats that can become a standing area.
It would be good to think that we could
accommodate those who want to stand without
putting off the growing number of families, but
no politician or administrator wants that on his
Palace fans? police complaint
Gary Jacob
Crystal Palace supporters have lodged
a formal complaint against Sussex
police over the force?s claims that they
were carrying ?pyrotechnics, knives
and knuckledusters? when they tried to
force their way into the Premier League
game against Brighton & Hove Albion
in November.
Although the police backed down
when asked for evidence of the weapons, they have failed to reveal the basis
for their information. At the time Chief
Inspector Simon Nelson, who led the
policing operation for the 0-0 draw at
the Amex Stadium, claimed that
Brighton staff had discovered them.
However, statements from the club did
not make mention of weapons.
Ray Wright, of the Crystal Palace
Supporters? Trust, said: ?The police
have made a derogatory story about
fans and we suffer the consequences of
that when submitted to more checks
and rigorous examination.?
The trust has employed a central
London legal firm, which has written to
Sussex police claiming that its chief
inspector did not act properly under the
College of Policing code of ethics.
The law firm has also lodged a complaint about the police operation and
planning on the night of the game.
Six people were arrested at the first
top-flight meeting of the rivals since
1981.
For tomorrow?s reverse fixture at
Selhurst Park, Brighton fans will be
held back after the game and a special
train has been laid on to take them back
to the south coast. Palace have restricted Brighton to 2,000 tickets, fewer than
the 2,700 usual away allocation.
or her watch. We should note that we are a very
long way from the bad old days that some of us
remember all too vividly. There were only two
arrests at the Etihad for what was, generally, a
magnificent occasion.
City insist that the Tunnel Club has been a
great success. But football still operates by
different rules ? for better and for worse ?
when fans expressing momentary delight can
generate such fury, be hit and told that they
brought it all on themselves.
These are not, as some City fans insist, the
complaints of someone who never pays for a
seat. I am a season-ticket holder at Queens Park
Rangers (not entirely by choice, but it?s a long
story). For a cup game, we opted for a change of
scene from the family stand and went down to
the other end where, stuck between two groups,
we had to listen to one woman being told she
was a slag who should get her tits out.
Hardly an unprecedented experience at a
football ground, I know. And while tensions may
have been particularly high on Tuesday, a few
days earlier at the Manchester derby a City fan
patrolled the Tunnel Club seats threatening to
sort out anyone who even hinted at United
sympathies, which is not something mentioned
in the glossy brochure.
Undoubtedly the game has changed, but those
who worry about it becoming too sanitised? I
think we may still have some way to go.
continued from back
Clubs set to vote for VAR delay
West Brom hire Italian, 64
governing body was right to press
ahead. ?Football could either expose itself to a brand new controversy arising
from a willingness to improve the game
or settle for an existing, inert one. I am
happy we chose the former,? he wrote.
But while most English clubs are
thought to accept that VAR is inevitable at some stage, there are some
figures who feel that the Premier
League should take its time. It requires
14 of 20 clubs to vote for immediate
implementation.
VAR has been used in both domestic
cup competitions this season, but there
is debate about the lack of communication with supporters and the protocol.
Some referees believe that the use of a
pitchside monitor should be abolished
to make the system quicker.
The top flights in Spain and Italy
have signalled their intent to use VAR
and the FA is keen to press ahead.
West Bromwich Albion have vowed
to change the ?culture and direction
of the club? after Giuliano Terraneo, a
64-year-old Italian, was appointed
technical consultant for an initial sixmonth period yesterday after the
departure of Nick Hammond as
technical director. Alan Pardew left as
manager of the Premier League?s
bottom club 11 days ago.
Mee may be out for run-in
Ben Mee could miss the final weeks
of the season with a shin injury as
uncertainty continues to surround his
future. The Burnley defender, who
has one year left on his contract and
is yet to sign an extension, will miss
tomorrow?s Premier League match
against Leicester City. The club have
not ruled out selling him this summer.
70
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Friday April 13 2018 | the times
Sport Football
Ramsey?s late goal flatters
CSKA Moscow
Chalov 39, Nababkin 50
Arsenal
Welbeck 75, Ramsey 90+2
2
0
2
1
2
Europa League
quarter-final, second leg
Arsenal win 6-3 on aggregate
Gary Jacob Moscow
It was a worrying and muted way to
make a first European semi-final in
nine years and Arsenal will have to improve some if they are to go all the way.
They were desperately poor, too
many players went through the
motions, and in a week of surprise
comebacks they were 2-0 down and
looking likely to become another
victim.
With 15 minutes remaining, though,
they ended CSKA?s fightback thanks to
Danny Welbeck?s accomplished finish
before Aaron Ramsey equalised on the
night in stoppage time.
Arsenal are three matches away from
a place in next season?s Champions
League and presumably another
season of Ars鑞e Wenger in charge.
That might mean the club could dodge
the otherwise difficult decision of his
future but not the many other awkward
questions. How can they be fluid and
score at will against CSKA Moscow in
last week?s first leg and be so defensively
inept and toothless a week later?
Wenger has never won a European
trophy, losing on penalties in a Uefa
Cup final in 2000 and with ten men in
a Champions League final six years
later.
When the draw is made today,
Arsenal will be anxious to avoid
Atletico Madrid, whose striker Diego
Costa regularly tormented their back
line when he played for Chelsea. He
would not have needed to have
watched this to know of Arsenal?s
weaknesses at the back.
Arsenal?s defence was never convincing in this tie ? or indeed against
Ostersunds and AC Milan in previous
rounds. Nacho Monreal got
irate and slapped his
clenched fists down when
none of his three fellow
defenders reacted to a loose
ball and Fyodor Chalov
scored, but the left back was
culpable of exactly the same
mistake
when
Kirill
Nababkin pounced on Petr
Cech dropping a shot five
minutes after the restart to
give CSKA a fighting
chance.
At that point the home
supporters behind the
goal had stripped off
their shirts and were
baying for a third goal
that would have
levelled the tie.
They thought it was
about to be delivered.
Ahmed Musa wriggled his
way into the penalty area
and Shkodran Mustafi made
a clumsy challenge, jumping into the forward?s leg.
Musa went down wanting a
penalty and the referee,
Felix Zwayer, appeared to
oblige and point to the
spot, sending the crowd
wild. But the angle of his
arm was deceptive and he
had given a goal kick, much
to Arsenal?s relief. The
German official earlier
turned down CSKA?s
claim that the ball struck
Ramsey?s arm in the area.
Welbeck made their progress safe
and secure after a brilliant give-and-go
with Mohamed Elneny, before
Ramsey?s leveller somewhat flattered
the away side. Only Welbeck walked
away with some credit. Jack Wilshere
twice went down injured, the second
time for several minutes when he felt a
kick to the back of his right ankle.
Mesut 謟il never came close to
reaching the level that he displayed last
week. He did put in an unexpected
defensive shift, cutting out two
through-balls, one with the back of his
heel. But the playmaker faded badly
and the onus will be on him to deliver in
the semi-final when Henrikh Mkhitaryan is likely to be missing because of a
knee injury. He is touch and go to
return in time.
Arsenal did not need to win, which
was just as well because they had never
won in Russia, drawing one of four
meetings, all in Moscow. That tells its
own tale of how Arsenal have fared
abroad and their away form has been a
big concern this season. They have lost
eight league games and won just seven
times on the road in all competitions,
four in this one. Atletico Madrid would
not be expected to let them escape as
easily on their home soil.
CSKA took encouragement from
Roma and Juventus each levelling on
aggregate from three goals down after
the first leg of their Champions League
ties, the position they were in at kick-off
and their plan was evidently to slide
through-balls behind Mustafi and
Laurent Koscielny, forcing the cumbersome Arsenal centre backs to turn.
CSKA were not causing alarm ?
until things got messy for the final eight
minutes of the first half. Aleksandr
Golovin, their main creative outlet,
danced across the penalty area and
tried to check back on his left foot
rather than shoot.
Arsenal crowded him out but typically, they then conceded a soft goal.
H閏tor Beller韓 lost a header in a
challenge.
Konstantin
Kuchayev
swung a cross to the far post and
Nababkin outjumped Monreal and
planted a firm header low to Cech?s
right. The goalkeeper scooped the ball
off his line and should have been aided
by his defenders. Neither Mustafi,
Koscielny nor Beller韓 reacted to the
loose ball and Chalov hammered
home the rebound. CSKA might
have instantly grabbed a
second goal when Kristijan
Bistrovic pulled back a cross
but Musa could not quite
reach it.
The second arrived
five minutes into the
second half when Golovin struck a shot from
range that Cech flapped
at and the ball fell loose.
Nababkin was quicker
than Monreal to the
rebound to convert.
Arsenal were living
dangerously,
too
dangerously at the back,
but just about survived.
Ramsey scored in injury
time to round off the tie
CSKA Moscow (3-1-4-2): I Akinfeev 6 ? V Berezutski 6,
S Ignashevich 6, A Berezutski 6 ? K Bistrovic 6 (sub:
B Natkho 72min) ? K Nababkin 7, A Dzagoev 5 (sub:
Vitinho 37, 6), A Golovin 8, K Kuchayev 8 ? F Chalov 6
(sub: G Milanov 79), A Musa 6.
Substitutes not used I Pomazun, G Schennikov,
K Khosonov, T Zhamaletdinov. Booked Golovin.
Arsenal (4-2-3-1): P Cech 5 ? H Beller韓 4, S Mustafi 5,
L Koscielny 5, N Monreal 4 ? M Elneny 5, A Ramsey 5 ?
M 謟il 5, J Wilshere 5 (sub: C Chambers 69), D Welbeck
6 ? A Lacazette 5 (sub: A Iwobi 77).
Substitutes not used M Macey, R Holding,
P Mertesacker, S Kolasinac, E Nketiah.
Referee F Zwayer (Germany).
Welbeck left defence
for dead for first goal
The semi-final draws
1
Ars鑞e Wenger?s men are in a first
European semi-final for nine years.
The Europa League last four are:
Arsenal
Red Bull Salzburg
Marseilles
Atletico Madrid
The draw takes place today in Nyon,
Switzerland at 11am live on BT Sport
2. The ties are to be played on April
26 and May 3.
Welbeck
2
The Champions League semi-final
draw will take place at midday. The
last four are:
Welbeck
Elneny
Bayern Munich
Liverpool
Real Madrid
Roma
The ties will be played on April 24-25
and May 1-2
3
Welbeck
Elneny
4
Welbeck
Elneny
Welbeck beats his man on the left flank
and carries the ball infield (1). He draws
another CSKA player towards him and lays
the ball off to Elneny (2), before heading
into the opposition box. Elneny spots the
run and slides a pass towards the penalty
spot (3), where Welbeck collects it ?
completely unmarked (4) ? and scores.
My players lacked urgency, says Wenger
Gary Jacob
Ars鑞e Wenger admitted that his heart
was beating faster than normal when
CSKA Moscow went 2-0 up but paid
tribute to Danny Welbeck for ensuring
that Arsenal made it through to the
semi-finals of the Europa League.
Welbeck started in the absence of
Henrikh Mkhitaryan and grabbed his
fifth goal in as many games ? and third
in a week after a brace in the 3-2 victory
at home to Southampton on Sunday.
The former Manchester United
striker had lost his starting place after
Alexandre Lacazette?s return from a
knee injury and, with his contract
ending in the summer of 2019, it looked
like he would have to consider his
options. But Wenger seems adamant
that he wants to keep him.
?Danny Welbeck, when you have
backs to the wall, he looks like he has an
extra special motivation in his body and
head to give you something special,?
Wenger said. ?That is something really
exceptional, you do not find it in many
players.?
Wenger said that his players had
Wenger said that
CSKA?s 2-0 lead
had him worried
been complacent, not for the first time
of late, having led 4-1 from the first leg.
That was despite h
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