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The Times - 17 April 2018

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daily newspaper of the year
Tuesday April 17 2018 | thetimes.co.uk | No 72511
Only �to subscribers �60
Feeling hot yet?
The top trends for summer
INSIDE
TIMES2
Bad back
The only five
exercises you
need to do
Plastic-eating enzyme hailed as breakthrough in recycling
Tom Whipple Science Editor
Ben Webster Environment Editor
An enzyme that breaks down a common
plastic accused of polluting the oceans
has been engineered by scientists.
The discovery could reduce from
centuries to days the time that it takes
for plastic to decompose, making the
material truly recyclable.
One of the most common plastics is
polyethylene terephthalate (PET),
which can be recycled into items such
as clothes and carpets that can then
themselves be recycled. At each stage
the material is degraded until it is useless and ends up as waste.
Scientists from Britain and the
United States believe that their work
could result in an enzyme that would
degrade PET and turn it into its original
chemical chains, ready to be used
Russia has
hacked into
millions of
computers
again. The breakthrough comes after a
bacterium that had evolved to eat plastic
was found at a Japanese recycling plant
two years ago.
When scientists rearranged its
structure to examine how it had
evolved, they found that they had
inadvertently made it even more efficient. The findings are reported in the
journal Proceedings of the National
Academy of Sciences. John McGeehan,
of the University of Portsmouth, said of
the process: ?Currently we are doing it
at a lab scale, but using real material.
We add a solution of the enzyme; over
days you can see the surface of the plastic literally dissolving away.? He added
that scientists hope to broaden its usefulness. ?The idea here is we can give
the industry clear, virgin plastic.?
Douglas Kell, from the University of
Manchester, said: ?Further rounds of
A global Russian hacking offensive has
targeted millions of computers to spy
on governments and lay the foundation
for an attack on infrastructure, Britain
and the United States warned last night.
Tens of thousands of devices in
British homes including wifi boxes are
in the sights of Kremlin-backed cyberexperts who are searching for weaknesses such as easy-to-guess passwords
and expired anti-virus software.
Security officials said yesterday that
Russian hackers were seeking to find
ways to sit invisibly within networks
enabling them to launch a cyberattack
should the order be given. Businesses
have also been targeted as hackers have
sought to steal intellectual property.
In an unprecedented warning, the
UK?s National Cyber Security Centre,
the US Department of Homeland
Security, the FBI and the White House
said that the extent of the penetration
was so deep and widespread that it had
given President Putin a ?tremendous
weapon?.
The public attack on Moscow?s
?malicious cyberactivity? by the two
allies was an attempt to deter President
Putin from unleashing his full cyberpotential. It comes at a time of
escalating tensions between Moscow
and the West after Britain, the US and
France launched airstrikes on Syria,
a close ally of Russia, following the
suspected use of chemical weapons by
President Assad?s regime. The US
accused the Kremlin yesterday of
blocking efforts by international
chemical weapons inspectors to visit
the site of the attack in Douma.
Theresa May has addressed MPs to
defend her decision to strike. Britain
has drawn a link between the action it
took in Syria and a nerve agent attack
in Salisbury attributed to Russia.
Ciaran Martin, head of the NCSC,
part of GCHQ, said that the warning
over Russia?s activities was ?a
significant moment in the transatlantic
fight-back against Russian aggression
in cyberspace?. Russia-backed cyberattacks have directly targeted the UK
government and elements of the country?s critical national infrastructure, he
said in the briefing with US officials.
Rob Joyce, the White House?s outgoing cybersecurity co-ordinator, signalled that the United States was ready
to hit back against Russia with offensive
cyber-operations. ?All elements of US
power are available to push back on
these types of intrusions,? he said.
It can also be revealed that Labour
MPs were warned of an attempt to hack
parliamentary emails. It was not immediately clear whether the hack had been
successful or whether it was linked to
Russia. The emailed warning went out
Continued on page 2, col 3
Leading article, page 29
TIMES PHOTOGRAPHER RICHARD POHLE
Rudd sorry
for ?appalling?
treatment of
immigrants
Sam Coates Deputy Political Editor
Richard Ford Home Correspondent
Britain and US issue unprecedented warning
Deborah Haynes Defence Editor
Mark Bridge Technology Correspondent
Patrick Maguire
evolution should be expected to
improve the enzyme. This advance
brings the goal of sustainably recyclable polymers significantly closer.?
Professor McGeehan said that it was
also an example of the forces that drive
evolution. ?If you are a bacterium in a
recycling plant and suddenly you are
able to eat something no one else can,
it?s a huge advantage.?
Off the road The television presenter Ant McPartlin was fined a record �,000 and
banned from driving yesterday after crashing his car in London last month while he
was twice over the legal alcohol limit. He apologised for letting people down. Page 5
Amber Rudd was forced to apologise
last night for the ?appalling? treatment
of the Windrush generation after some
were threatened with deportation.
The Home Office was heavily
criticised yesterday for its handling
of the issue, which has led to elderly
residents who arrived in Britain more
than 50 years ago from the West Indies
being told that they are here illegally.
Senior civil servants initially downplayed the plight of the migrants, who
arrived with their parents after the
Second World War, because they
believed that it was limited to a handful
of cases.
The home secretary admitted that
she was not aware whether any of
those affected had been deported, even
though her immigration minister said
that some had been removed ?in error?.
Ms Rudd?s apology for her department?s treatment of the migrants, who
have lived in Britain since the 1950s
and 1960s but not taken British citizenship, came after the prime minister
reversed a decision not to meet
Commonwealth leaders today to
discuss the issue.
Under the 1971 Immigration Act, all
Commonwealth citizens already living
in the UK were given indefinite leave to
remain. However, the Home Office did
not keep a record of those granted leave
to remain or issue any paperwork
confirming their right, meaning that it
is difficult for the individuals now to
prove that they are in Britain legally.
Changes to immigration law in 2012,
which requires people to have documentation to work, rent a property or
access benefits, including healthcare,
has left many of those affected fearful
about their status.
The issue is the latest in a series of
controversies to hit the Home Office.
Earlier this month a strategy to combat
violent crime was overshadowed by a
leaked Home Office document which
showed that it relied on two tactics
Continued on page 10, col 5
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Tuesday April 17 2018 | the times
News
T O D AY ? S E D I T I O N
Controlling
girlfriend jailed
Meat demand
?saves cattle?
Coffee boost to
heart health
A fine arts graduate
has been jailed after
admitting that she had
stabbed her boyfriend,
poured boiling water
over him, banned him
from their bed and
isolated him. Page 9
Eating Britain?s most
endangered animals
could save them from
extinction. The Rare
Breeds Survival Trust
said demand for meat
kept rare pigs, sheep
and cows alive. Page 15
Drinking up to four
cups of coffee a day is
likely to curb the risk
of abnormal heart
rhythms, according to
a review of evidence
by cardiologists in
Australia. Page 17
COMMENT
Anger over the BBC?s Enoch Powell broadcast
shows the young are sceptical about free speech
HUGO RIFKIND, PAGE 27
Iraqi volunteers
remove corpses
WPP shares fall
after Sorrell exit
City offer deal
to Guardiola
Iraqi volunteers have
collected 650 corpses
left to rot in the
wreckage of Mosul?s
Old City after Isis
fighters were driven
out by an international
coalition. Pages 30-31
Shares in WPP fell
sharply amid fears that
the advertising giant,
which has 200,000
staff, could break up
after the exit of Sir
Martin Sorrell as chief
executive. Page 37
Manchester City, the
Premier League
champions, are to
hold talks with Pep
Guardiola to try to
persuade him to
remain as manager
until 2020. Page 68
COMMENT 25
THUNDERER 26
LEADING ARTICLES 29
MARKETS 48-49
REGISTER 53
COURT CIRCULAR 55
timesandsundaytimes
DINNER
TONIGHT
Lemon and rosemary
chicken casserole
Lemon and rosemary
go well with chicken
any way it is cooked.
Here, chunks of thigh
are bathed in creamy
gravy with intensely
flavoured Chantenay
carrots. Serve with
green beans and
Jersey royals.
Serves 3-4 Prep
25 min Cook 40 min
Ingredients: 2 onions;
25g butter; 1 tbsp olive
oil; 5 garlic cloves; few
sprigs rosemary;
1 lemon; 8 chicken
thigh fillets; 1 tbsp
flour; 200ml white
wine; 200ml chicken
stock; 350g small
Chantenay carrots;
25g flat-leaf parsley.
Halve, peel and thinly
slice the onions. Melt
the butter in the olive
oil in a pan and stir in
the onions. Add � tsp
salt, stirring
occasionally until
floppy; about 15
minutes. Meanwhile,
thinly slice the garlic.
Strip rosemary leaves
from stalks and chop
to dust. Zest half the
lemon and chop to
dust; in both cases you
want 1 tsp. Stir garlic,
rosemary and lemon
dust into onion. Cook
briefly while you slice
chicken into 4 or 5
strips. Pat dry and dust
with flour. Scoop the
onion mix into a sieve
over the pan, pressing
to extract buttery oil.
Increase the heat and
brown the chicken in
batches, transferring
to a lidded, fireproof
casserole. Add juice
from the lemon and
wine, bubble up while
stirring to thicken, add
stock, onion and
trimmed carrots.
Cover and simmer for
20 minutes or until
chicken and carrots
are cooked. Season
and garnish with
chopped parsley just
before serving.
Lindsey Bareham
Please note, some sections of The Times are
available only in the United Kingdom and Ireland
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14
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1
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26
Warm and sunny in the southeast.
Rain or showers in northern and
western areas. Full forecast, page 57
Read Lord Lipsey at thetimes.co.uk
Mark Bridge Technology Correspondent
Deborah Haynes Defence Editor
WWW.THETIMES.CO.UK/SUBSCRIBE
3
Southampton University shows no
such trend.
?However, polling is getting more
difficult. Fewer people agree to submit
to the pollsters? grilling, which means
that polls increasingly reflect the views
of those most interested in politics. And
social class is no longer decisive in how
people vote, which means that pollsters
cannot simply get it right by ensuring
their samples reflect the balance of
classes in society.?
Lord Lipsey says that more must be
done to emphasise that poll findings are
subject to a margin of error. ?It has to be
understood that polls are an imprecise
instrument. Convention applies a margin of error of plus/minus 3 per cent to
each poll reading. So you see a poll that
reads Labour 40 per cent, Conservative
40 per cent,? he writes, adding: ?Do you
know that this may equally mean
Labour 43 per cent, Conservative 37 per
cent (a 6 per cent Labour lead), or Conservative 43 per cent, Labour 37 per
cent (a 6 per cent Tory lead)??
thetimes
Why pay more? Save money on your daily
papers with a subscription to The Times
14
4
Polling companies should be more
strictly regulated during elections, with
mandatory disclosure of who paid for
each survey, according to a House of
Lords report released today.
The British Polling Council (BPC),
pollsters? trade body, should also regulate media coverage, with a mission to
?name and shame? examples of poor
reporting of polls, the Lords committee
says.
Peers want guidelines for headlines
on articles about poll results, ?health
warnings? about accuracy and warnings that polls are snapshots, not predictions. They want the BPC to complain to Ipso, the newspaper regulator,
or Ofcom, the broadcasting regulator, if
there is ?significant misreporting?.
The report says: ?Dramatic headlines
may not represent the full results of the
poll or may only represent the narrative
preferred by a particular editor.?
Failure to act now would mean the
case for banning polling during elections ?becomes stronger?, according to
Lord Lipsey, chairman of the Lords
select committee on political polling
and digital media.
The committee expresses deep concern about the adverse influence of
social media on political debate and
backs calls for all online campaign
material to carry an imprint stating
who published it, as is already required
for printed leaflets and posters.
The report calls for the Department
for Education to ensure that children
and adults are educated to allow them
to identify misleading information
online.
The peers conclude that the 2015 and
2017 election results suggested that it is
harder for pollsters to predict political
opinion accurately, but they criticise
the media for its reporting of polls.
Writing for the Times Red Box, Lord
Lipsey says: ?The good news for the
pollsters is that there is no international
evidence that polling is becoming less
accurate; research by Will Jennings at
Firms told to avoid Chinese phones
OFFER
THE WEATHER
Sam Coates Deputy Political Editor
Matthew Moore Media Correspondent
SPORT 58
CROSSWORD 68
TV & RADIO TIMES2
FOLLOW US
thetimes
Peers call for stricter rules on
opinion polls during elections
� TIMES NEWSPAPERS LIMITED, 2018. Published and licensed for
distribution in electronic and all other derivative forms by Times Newspapers
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Britain?s cybersecurity centre has
warned British businesses against using
telecoms equipment from the Chinese
supplier ZTE because of security fears.
A letter seen by the Financial Times
tells companies that new Chinese laws
allow the state to exert influence over
companies with ?wide-ranging powers
of compulsion?.
It says that companies already use a
large amount of equipment from Huawei, another Chinese telecoms company, and introducing equipment from
a second Chinese business ?would render existing mitigations ineffective?.
Huawei equipment is monitored by
continued from page 1
Russian cyberthreat
on Sunday night. The first UK-US
?technical alert? was released to the
public, governments and private firms,
including internet service providers
and other communications companies.
The alert revealed that:
6 Tens of thousands of British devices
have been scanned by Kremlin-backed
hackers looking for soft targets.
6 Routers, including some made
by Cisco, one of the largest internet
infrastructure companies, have been
penetrated by Russia.
6 Hackers are sitting invisibly in networks and routers, spying on private
communications and positioning
themselves if needed for a wider assault.
6 Spoofing
?man-in-the-middle?
attacks are being conducted whereby a
hacker is able to intercept messages
passing between two people and delete
or distort the content.
?Once you own the router, you own
all the traffic [that flows through the
router], to include the ability to harvest
credentials, passwords, essentially
monitor all traffic,? Mr Joyce said. ?It is
a tremendous weapon in the hands of
an adversary.?
Russia has been targeting Britain?s
networks and those of other countries
for the past 20 years but this is the first
time that the UK has publicised its
actions so aggressively.
Mr Putin is also using disinformation
and other forms of fake news as a
weapon on social media and via state-
GCHQ to prevent Chinese state snooping. Ian Levy, technical director of the
National Cyber Security Centre
(NCSC), a branch of GCHQ, said: ?It is
entirely appropriate and part of NCSC?s
duty to highlight potential risks to the
UK?s national security and provide
advice based on our technical expertise.
NCSC assess that the national security
risks arising from the use of ZTE equipment or services within the context of
the existing UK telecommunications
infrastructure cannot be mitigated.?
The US government has banned
American companies from selling components to ZTE for seven years for violating the terms of a sanctions violation
case, US officials said.
The ban is the result of ZTE?s failure
Q&A
What is a router?
The device that
connects your
computer and network
to the internet. They
often have a built-in
?firewall? to stop viruses
or hackers. If your
router is compromised,
it can allow intruders in.
How is Russia hacking
them?
Mostly there is no
hacking; the internet is
scanned to find devices
that offer an open goal.
This includes some
routers from Cisco
where a system
to comply with an agreement with
Washington after it pleaded guilty to
conspiring to violate sanctions by shipping US goods and technology to Iran.
The Chinese company, which sells
smartphones in the United States, paid
$890 million in fines and penalties,
with an additional penalty of $300 million that could be imposed.
As part of the agreement it promised
to dismiss four senior employees and
discipline 35 others by either reducing
their bonuses or reprimanding them,
senior commerce department officials
told Reuters. The Chinese company
said last month that it had fired the four
senior employees but it had not disciplined or reduced the bonuses of the
35 others.
enabling remote
configuration by admins
can be exploited. It also
includes routers that
have default passwords
such as ?0-0-0-0? that
owners have not
changed, or older
routers that no longer
get security updates.
Why would they do
that?
A router is a gateway
into a person or
organisation?s network
so they can be used for
espionage and to
extract information.
Once malicious actors
have access to a
network they can attack
that network or use it as
a springboard to attack
others. That could
sponsored media outlets to sow dissent
among countries, including Britain, as
part of a goal to undermine European
unity and the Nato alliance.
Britain led a multinational move in
February to blame President Putin?s
military for the crippling global NotPetya cyberattack a year ago. ?Russia is
our most capable hostile adversary in
cyberspace,? Mr Martin said.
The ability to control networks and
household devices that connect to the
include attacks on
energy grids.
What is a man-in-themiddle attack?
One in which
information is hacked
without the sender or
recipient knowing.
Who is affected?
Intelligence agencies
say that millions of
networks have been
targeted by Russia.
What can I do to
protect myself?
Home and small
business users should
ensure they have the
firewalls on their PCs
enabled, so they are not
relying on any firewalls
built into their router.
internet means Russia can launch denialof-service attacks, potentially knocking
out services such as healthcare, energy
supplies and water supplies.
A British government spokesman
said: ?The attribution of this malicious
activity sends a clear message to Russia
? we know what you are doing and you
will not succeed.?
May defends airstrikes, pages 6-7
Rachel Sylvester, page 25
Leading article, page 29
the times | Tuesday April 17 2018
3
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News
David
avid Baddiel?s tweet
tweet, centre
centre, led to shots of tee
teenagers shunning
h
sites such as, clockwise from bottom left, the Imperial War Museum, Yosemite National Park, the Austrian Alps and May Hill, Gloucestershire
Teens screen out nature?s wonders
Jack Malvern
William Shakespeare knew well
enough the frustrations of bringing up
teenage children. ?I would there were
no age between sixteen and three-andtwenty,? he wrote in The Winter?s Tale.
?For there is nothing in the between but
getting wenches with child, wronging
the ancientry, stealing, fighting.?
Now parents have united online in
annoyance at adolescents ?wronging
the ancientry?, posting pictures of their
offspring ignoring their beautiful
surroundings in favour of their mobile
phone screens.
It started with a tweet by the comedian David Baddiel, who shared a picture of his son, Ezra, 13, studying his
phone while perched on a boulder by a
rugged stretch of Cornish coastline. He
wrote mischievously that Ezra was
?hypnotised and overawed as ever by
the beauty of nature?.
The image struck a chord with a
number of parents, including Dave
Tilley, from Shropshire, who posted an
image of his teenage daughter on the
shoreline of Loch Doon in Carrick, Ayrshire. Although she is in the distance,
her head is clearly bowed away from
the view towards a device in her hand.
?She swears she was listening to music
at the time,? he said. ?I?m not 100 per
cent sure though.?
Nick Hodges, a bass player for the
Sweet Beats wedding band in the West
Midlands, posted a picture of a valley at
Glacier Point in the Yosemite National
Park with a teenager in the foreground
playing a racing game on his phone:
?We spoke after, showed him the photo
and all had a laugh at the irony of the
moment ? luckily he saw the funny
side. He was completely absorbed playing a racing game; when asked about
the view, he shrugged.?
Baddiel, 53, told The Times that he
was moved by the ?affectionate cries of
pain? from parents whose efforts to
impress their children are routinely
trumped by the compulsion to keep up
with social media or games. He and his
family were on a coastal walk in Cornwall when most of them stopped to
admire the view at Rinsey Cove, about
three miles from Porthleven.
?It?s a very isolated place,? he said.
?There are rocks a bit like the ones at
Bedruthan Steps. It?s a very unusual
landscape . . . Ezra wasn?t admiring the
landscape at all. I took about seven
shots and he didn?t even notice me.?
The photograph has been retweeted
1,500 times and received 19,000 likes,
which Baddiel said his son found amusing. ?A bit like the landscape, he?s not
bothered about it going viral. I think it?s
lovely, the outpouring of annoyed
parents? amusement.?
Jonathan Ross, the television presenter, responded on Twitter that teenagers would always rebel against whatever their parents found admirable. ?Of
course, a picture of you when that age
would have shown a boy shutting out
the chaos of the world with a Billy
Bunter compendium,? Ross wrote. ?So
I?m #teamezra.?
Baddiel agreed, but said that there
was something especially jarring about
modern technology against a bucolic
backdrop. ?You could have a beautiful
shot of someone [ignoring their
surroundings while] playing chess, like
in The Seventh Seal ? no one would say
that?s a terrible indictment of youth. It?s
something to do with the fact it?s a technological item in your hand that makes
it incongruous with the beautiful landscape. I don?t think it would have gone
viral otherwise.?
Baddiel added that although teenagers had always rebelled against their
parents? ideas of wholesome fun, it was
now easier to show that rejection with
a mobile phone. ?The thing you can be
interested in ? the symbolic rejection
[of parents? values] ? is something you
carry around with you.?
Lack of sleep blamed for child obesity Young jobless are just
lazy, insists recruiter
Chris Smyth Health Editor
Parents have been urged to be stricter
about bedtime and confiscate phones
and tablets at night after researchers
found that children who did not get
enough sleep were up to twice as likely
to become overweight.
Sleep deprivation can disrupt hormonal signals that we have eaten enough
and lead to chronic inflammation, scientists say. Tiredness also means that
people feel less like exercising.
Previous studies have found that
children who did not sleep much were
more likely to be overweight, but it had
been unclear which came first. Now researchers have looked at 42 studies
involving 75,000 people who were
asked about sleep and followed for an
average of three years. Children who
slept less than recommended were
58 per cent more likely to be overweight
or obese in subsequent years, researchers report in the journal Sleep.
For infants a lack of sleep, defined as
less than 12 hours, led to a 40 per cent
increased risk of excess weight. For
children aged three to nine, less than
nine or ten hours a night was linked to
a 57 per cent increased risk. The biggest
risk appeared to be in those age nine to
thirteen, where sleeping less than nine
hours a night more than doubled the
risk of becoming overweight. For older
teenagers less than eight hours? sleep
was linked to a 30 per cent higher risk.
Michelle Miller, of the University of
Warwick, lead author of the study, said:
?If you don?t get enough sleep you put
on weight faster. With children we?re
particularly worried because we know
that they?re using devices late at night
emitting blue light, which affects sleep.?
She urged parents to realise the importance of sleep, advising them to be ?a
bit stricter about going to bed and
taking devices out of the bedroom?.
A recruitment agent has been criticised
for a rant in which he said that anyone
under 25 and not in work was a ?lazy
little shit?.
Josh Harrison, of Leeds, who is in his
late twenties and has six recommendations on the LinkedIn business networking site where he made his comments, said it was ?easier than ever? to
get a well-paid job.
Young people who are not employed
either ?don?t want to be or [are] not trying hard enough?, he said. His remarks
appeared to be aimed at Jack Parsons,
24, chief executive of Big Youth Group,
which works to improve opportunities
for young people, and who had shared
an old rejection letter.
Mr Parsons suggested that his own
name had been used to get attention.
More than 12,000 people had ?reached
out? to him about the post, he said, adding that Mr Harrison?s comments
showed he had ?no idea? about the
problems facing young people, and
could be construed as bullying.
4
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Tuesday April 17 2018 | the times
News
Quintagram�
No 39
Solve all five clues using each
letter underneath once only
1 Interval, hiatus (3)
---
2 Pupil?s wise adviser (6)
------
3 Ecclesiastical district (6)
-----4 Requiring gentle handling (8)
-------5 Dutch artist (9)
---------
Colonial past of top
art venues exposed
I
t is not the kind of
cultural pursuit
most people would
associate with the
city famed for its
collections of art,
artefacts and
antiquities (Fariha
Karim writes). Yet
guided tours
exposing the
colonial past of
leading galleries
and museums are
selling out.
Led by Alice
Proctor, 23, an art
historian who tours
as The Exhibitionist,
the Uncomfortable Art
tour takes in Tate
Britain, the
British
Museum and
the Victoria &
Albert among
others to
explore the
h
history of British
art as ?the
history of
empire and
genocide?.
The tours
include
discussions
about John
Julius Angerstein,
A
A
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Solutions MindGames in Times2
Cryptic clues every day online
Two die in stabbings
Alice
A
Proctor at
the National
Gallery and,
clockwise, an
image from
her Twitter
feed of
Elizabeth I; her
badge and a
Benin bronze
principal underwriter at
Lloyd?s, which insured
British slave ships,
compensating
merchants and captains
for the loss of life of
enslaved people at sea.
His collection, Ms
Proctor says, ?forms the
core of the National
Gallery today?. At the
V&A, she focuses on
Abyssinian treasures
looted after the Battle of
Magdala in 1868 and
now the subject of a
claim for restitution. At
the British Museum, the
tour highlights the
Benin bronzes,
antiquities looted in
1897, and the Gweagal
shield, stolen by Captain
Cook. Ms Proctor, who
is studying for a masters
in cultural anthropology
at UCL, says 300 people
have attended the �
tours. Participants
wear badges with the
slogan: ?Display it like
you stole it.?
Thunderer, page 26
Two more people were stabbed to
death in London at the weekend,
taking the number of killings in
the capital this year to 59. Raul
Nicolaie, 26, was attacked at his
home in Colindale, north
London, at 6pm on Sunday and
died in hospital. A 34-year-old
woman was arrested at the scene
on suspicion of murder. At a
house in Brixton a woman in her
thirties was killed and a man in
his twenties was arrested on
suspicion of murder. It is believed
that they knew each other.
Musician denies rapes
Teach pupils how to be
healthy parents, say experts
Kat Lay Health Correspondent
School pupils should be taught how to
prepare for becoming parents in order
to prevent chronic disease in their
children, experts have urged.
Researchers found that more than
90 per cent of women aged 18 to 42 were
not ?nutritionally prepared? for pregnancy. Too few of the right nutrients or
being overweight can change the way
the body reads genetic code and has
lifelong consequences for a child?s
health, they warn. In a series of papers
in The Lancet they call for interventions
from an early age to teach people how
the diet and lifestyle of both partners
can affect a baby?s health.
They said that women could be
targeted during the weekly shop and
doctors and nurses should ask women if
and when they planned to become
pregnant.
Diet, obesity and malnutrition cause
genetic, cellular, metabolic and physio-
logical changes in the womb in the
same way as smoking or high alcohol
intake. Some of the changes increase
the risk of cardiovascular, metabolic,
immune and neurological disease.
That message is not sufficiently
understood, Judith Stephenson of University College London, the lead author
of the studies, said. The researchers
found that many women of reproductive age were overweight or obese and
not prepared to carry a baby. Only 10
per cent of young women consumed
five portions of fruit and vegetables a
day, and only 4 per cent achieved the
recommended iron and folic acid intakes.
The health of fathers-to-be may also
play an important role, researchers
said, although work with men and preconception health has only just begun.
?The common view is, ?When I get
pregnant I?ll go to the doctor and everything kicks off from there,? ? Professor
Stephenson said. ?There are good rea-
sons to act earlier.? Government advice
is that women of reproductive age
should take folic acid supplements to
prevent spina bifida. This takes weeks
to build up in the system, however, and
dieting to reduce weight to a healthy
level can take months or years.
Experts called for better support for
individuals planning pregnancy and
increased public health measures on
obesity and nutrition. These could
include fortifying foods with nutrients
such as folic acid, a step that is under
consideration. Schools could also play a
role. Mary Barker, a co-author of the
paper, said it was important to find the
right ?motivational buttons? to press at
various stages of people?s lives.
The Royal College of Obstetricians
and Gynaecologists and the Royal College of Midwives said that the findings
should prompt the government to add
folic acid to flour, protecting women
who could not afford supplements or
whose pregnancies were unplanned.
Maternal depression ?can harm child?s IQ?
Tom Whipple Science Editor
Depression in mothers could have a
negative effect on their children?s intellectual development, researchers say.
The findings may be explained
because mothers with depression interact less with their children and provide
less stimulation.
The research followed 900 Chilean
children and their mothers until the age
of 16. The children were assessed on a
variety of cognitive measures. The researchers noted how their mothers
interacted with them, their learning
materials and symptoms of depression.
One of the measures was verbal IQ,
which was scored from one to 19. At the
age of five, children with severely
depressed mothers scored 7.30. In those
whose mothers were not depressed, the
average score was 7.78.
?Although seemingly small, differences in IQ from 7.78 to 7.30 are highly
meaningful,? Patricia East, from the
University of California, San Diego,
said. The findings, published in the
journal Child Development, pointed to a
reason. ?We found that mothers who
were highly depressed didn?t invest
emotionally or in providing learning
materials to support their child . . . as
much as mothers who were not
depressed,? Dr East said.
In the UK about one in ten women
develops depression after childbirth.
Scientists
close in on
HIV vaccine
Oliver Moody Science Correspondent
A single injection has protected monkeys against infection with the simian
version of HIV for at least 18 weeks at a
stretch, raising hopes of a treatment
that might give people several months
of immunity against the virus.
More than 90,000 Britons are estimated to be living with the virus, which
can ultimately lead to Aids, and about
5,000 new diagnoses a year are made in
the UK.
Although people can substantially
reduce their risk of developing HIV by
taking a prophylactic drug called PrEP
before having sex, there is at present no
effective long-term vaccine.
Developing such a vaccine is challenging because the virus can hide from
the immune system. However, a team
of scientists at Rockefeller University in
New York has achieved promising early
results with compounds derived from
infected rhesus macaques.
These broadly neutralising antibodies (bNabs) carry chemical instructions
that teach the body?s immune cells how
to recognise several different parts of
the ?envelope? around HIV.
Two years ago the American group
showed that they could take bNAbs
from monkeys that were capable of
stoutly resisting the disease and use
them to protect healthy monkeys
against HIV for about three months.
They have now tweaked the antibodies so that they can survive between
two and four times longer in the bloodstream of the recipient. They say that
the results, published in Nature Medicine, ?lay the groundwork? for a prophylactic that could be given once or
twice a year.
A grime artist will go on trial on
Friday accused of 31 charges,
including rape, assault and false
imprisonment involving four
victims. Andy Anokye, of Bristol,
who performs under the stage
name Solo 45, denies all the
charges against him. A jury was
selected at Bristol crown court
and the trial is expected to last
between five and seven weeks.
Skype trials pose risk
Justice by ?Skype? is undermining
criminal trials and raising the risk
of miscarriages of justice, the
Standing Committee for Youth
Justice says in a report. Video
links for defendants under 18 can
impede their participation in the
trial and understanding of their
predicament. A boy aged 17 was
recently given a ten-year jail term
via video link. Letters, page 28
Benefit clause outrage
Nicola Sturgeon has accused
Esther McVey, the work and
pensions secretary, of insulting
women by saying the ?rape
clause? for claiming tax credits
for a third child could help
victims. Ms McVey was heckled
at a Holyrood committee. The
Scottish first minister said that no
woman should have to prove she
had been raped to secure benefits.
Cocaine clothes online
Amazon has removed children?s
clothing with the slogan
?Enjoy cocaine? from its British
website. The T-shirts and
baby garments, which were
dispatched from Estonia and
modelled by children, including a
bib worn by a toddler, parodied
the ?Enjoy Coke? slogan. Amazon
said that the sellers responsible
could lose their accounts.
the times | Tuesday April 17 2018
5
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News
Ant McPartlin gets �,000 drink-driving fine
Matthew Moore Media Correspondent
The millionaire television presenter
Anthony McPartlin, half of the Ant and
Dec team, has been fined �,000 after
admitting crashing his car while twice
the legal alcohol limit.
The fine is believed to be the highest
imposed by a UK court for drinkdriving. The previous record was
�,000, given to the Manchester City
footballer Yaya Tour� in 2016.
The district judge Barbara Barnes
noted that McPartlin, 42, earned about
�0,000 a week and should feel ?financial pain? like any other offender. He
was banned from driving for 20 months
and told to pay �5 in costs. Speaking
briefly outside the court after his sentencing, McPartlin said that he was
truly sorry. ?High standards are expected of me, I expect them of myself. I?ve
let myself down, I let a lot of people
down. And for that I am truly sorry,?
McPartlin said. ?I?d like to apologise to
everybody involved in the crash and
I?m just thankful no one was seriously
hurt.?
McPartlin and Declan Donnelly
have a combined fortune of � million,
according to The Sunday Times Rich
List.
The court was told that McPartlin, of
Chiswick, west London, had been seek-
One bike is stolen
every six minutes
Andrew Ellson
One bike is being stolen
every six minutes as criminal gangs target wealthy
cyclists who have top-ofthe range models.
Almost 100,000 bikes
were reported as stolen last
year, a 17 per cent increase
on 2015, analysis of crime
figures shows.
Over the past three years
more than a quarter of a
million bikes were stolen in
England,
Wales
and
Northern Ireland.
London had the biggest
rise in thefts, up 40 per cent
in the east of the city.
Experts say the jump in
bike crime is partly down
to the growing popularity
of cycling to work but organised gangs appear to be a
factor.
In February a gang of
professional thieves in
York, headed by the owner
of a local bike shop, were
jailed after stealing bikes to
order from York railway
station.
Last year, four members
of a gang in Grimsby were
jailed after following
people spotted riding expensive bikes to find out
where they lived so that the
thieves could break in and
take them later.
Cyclists appear to be reacting to the crime wave by
investing in more robust
security.
Halfords, the retailer,
said that sales of high quality ?D-locks?, which can
cost more than �0, were
soaring. Paul Derbyshire
from the company, said:
?Bike locks are one of our
fastest growing categories
and this reflects the trend
of more bikes being stolen.
D-locks are a very effective
and visible deterrent to
would-be thieves.
?Customers are choosing to spend a little bit extra
to make sure their bike is
really secure.?
Darran Hull of Direct
Line, the insurer that conducted the analysis, said:
?Bike theft isn?t just distressing but incredibly disruptive, leaving commuters without a vital mode of
transport.?
Early humans had
a taste for termites
Mike Wade
Insects were an important
part of the diet of early
humans and were probably
foraged
by
women,
researchers suggest.
A
British-American
team came upon the discovery when they found an
unusual mud sample in the
Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania, where hominids were
living 1.8 million years ago.
Clayton Magill, a research
fellow at Heriot Watt University in Edinburgh, said
that colleagues recognised
the mud as an ancient
termite mound.
Dr Magill?s chemical
analysis of fatty deposits in
the mud showed that
carbon signatures in fossil
hominid teeth found at the
site matched carbon signatures in the ant mound.
Other potential food
sources at the site ? fruit,
animal meat and bones ?
did not match up.
Julie Lesnik, an anthropologist at Wayne State
University in Detroit, said:
?We now know that hominids at Olduvai would have
been living alongside the
exact type of termites that
are preferred as food today
and that they were likely to
be too valuable of a food
source to be passed up.?
Dr Magill said that large
animals were unlikely to
have been a staple of
human diet until relatively
recently ? ?thousands or
tens of thousands of years,
rather than millions of
years?. He added: ?Studies
of chimpanzees suggest
that women were bringing
in most protein resources
? insects, seeds, things
that can be foraged, while
enabling the men to hunt.?
ing help for ?alcohol and emotional
issues? at the time of the crash in Richmond upon Thames on March 18.
Katie Sinnett-Jones, for the prosecution, told Wimbledon magistrates?
court on Monday that the crash happened at about 3.50pm when McPartlin
drove his Mini round a sharp bend and
lost control, ending up on the wrong
side of the road. He collided with
another Mini Cooper before driving
?straight into the front of an oncoming
car?. Witnesses called the police.
The court was told that the driver of
the other Mini had thought that he and
his family were going to die.
McPartlin admitted driving with
75 micrograms of alcohol in 100 millilitres of breath. The legal limit is
35 micrograms.
Liam Walker, his barrister, said that
the star had been seeking treatment
d the
for an alcohol problem and
incident was the result off a
?brief relapse unbe-knownst to his passenger?, who was his
mother.
?Anthony McPartlin
is sorry and is doing
everything he can to
McPartlin after the crash
in west London last month
ensure this never happens again,? Mr
Walker said.
The court was told that in a statement to police McPartlin said: ?I am
very sorry I did this. I am ashamed and
mortifie that this happened. I
mortified
accep full culpability for this
accept
and wish to apologise to all
th
those
concerned.?
After McPartlin was
c
charged,
ITV announced
th he would step back
that
fr
from
his TV commitm
ments,
and that Donnelly
wo
would
host the final two
episo
episodes
of Saturday Night
Takeaw on his own.
Takeaway
6
1G M
Tuesday April 17 2018 | the times
News
News Syria
May defends airstrikes against
Francis Elliott Political Editor
Oliver Wright, Sam Coates
Theresa May defended the legality of
strikes she authorised without parliamentary approval against the Syrian
regime, describing the Douma gas
attacks as an atrocity.
In her first Commons statement
since Saturday?s action she said it was
right to punish the ?utterly haunting?
use of chemical weapons that killed at
least 75 people including children.
?Innocent families ? seeking shelter
in underground bunkers ? found dead
with foam in their mouths, burns to
their eyes and their bodies surrounded
by a chlorine-like odour. Children gasping for life as chemicals choked their
lungs. The fact that such an atrocity can
take place in our world today is a stain
on our humanity,? she said.
Mrs May faces a vote today as MPs
from across the political spectrum
insisted that Saturday?s strikes must not
undermine the convention that parliament should approve military intervention.
Jeremy Corbyn, the Labour leader,
told the prime minister she was accountable to MPs ?not to the whims of
the US president? during bad-tempered exchanges during a three-andhalf-hour statement yesterday.
Mr Corbyn challenged Mrs May over
reports that she had pushed Washington to bring forward the strikes to take
place while MPs were on Easter break
and claimed ?that diplomatic and nonmilitary means have not been exhausted?. He also queried her claim that it was
?highly likely? that the regime carried
out the attack on April 7. ?While much
suspicion points to the Assad government, chemical weapons have been
used by other groups in the conflict.?
As a YouGov poll for The Times suggests a marginal increase in public
support for bombings in Syria, Mrs May
insisted that the need to degrade
Assad?s chemical weapons capability
following the Douma attack qualified
for an exemption to the convention
that parliament should be consulted
before military action.
Saying that Mr Corbyn would ?only
countenance involvement in Syria if
there is UN authority behind it?, Mrs
May told MPs ?that would mean a Russian veto on our foreign policy?.
Ken Clarke (C, Rushcliffe) called on
Mrs May to establish a cross-party
commission to look at parliament?s role
in approving military action. ?Once
President Trump had announced to the
world what he was proposing, a widespread debate was taking place everywhere, including many MPs in the
media, but no debate in parliament.
?So would she consider, once the immediate issues are over, a cross-party
commission of some kind to set out precisely what the role of parliament is in
modern times in the use of military
power against another state,? he said.
?And what exceptions, if any, there
can be to the usual rule that the government needs parliamentary approval for
taking grave actions of this kind.?
Both Hilary Benn (Lab, Leeds Central) and Yvette Cooper (Lab, Pontefract & Castleford) said it was important to uphold the prohibition of chemical weapons but said that Mrs May
should have consulted parliament.
Dominic Grieve (C, Beaconsfield),
taking aim at Mr Corbyn, asked whether
Mrs May agreed that
failing to act unilaterally in a case of humanitarian necessity
would be to let tyrants
commit genocide as
long as they had the
support of an ?amoral? country with a veto on the UN security
council.
Mrs May replied: ?I
absolutely agree with him, he
is absolutely right.?
A series of Labour MPs used her
statement to attack or distance themselves from
Mr Corbyn?s criticism of
the prime minister.
Chris Leslie (Lab, Nottingham East) said
that ?pinpointing and degrading Assad?s chemical weapons?
had been necessary
and
appropriate?.
?Intervening
to save civilians
from
future gas
attacks was
Diane Abbott, Jeremy Corbyn and Tom Watson on the Labour front bench yesterday, which was criticised by its own
absolutely the right thing to do,? he
said. ?Those who would turn a blind
eye, who would do nothing in pursuit of some moral high ground
should also be held accountable
for once today as well.?
Barry Sheerman (Lab, Huddersfield) equated Assad?s actions with those of Hitler
during the blitz and said
that he fully supported
Mrs May?s decision. ?I was
born on the worst weekend of the blitz and my
next-door
neighbours?
children were killed that night,? he said.
?So when I hear of a tyrant killing children I want action. I have no criticism of
the prime minister.?
Mike Gapes (Lab, Ilford South) said
he wanted to ?remind? Mr Corbyn that
from Sierra Leone to Kosovo Labour
had frequently used military force to
intervene even without explicit UN
authorisation. ?There is a longstanding
and noble tradition on these benches
supporting humanitarian intervention
and the responsibility to protect.?
The poll of 1,464 adults taken on Sunday and Monday found 35 per cent said
they supported the attacks against Syrian chemical weapons targets by Britain, France and the US, while 37 per
cent opposed and 28 said they did not
know. Last week, before the strikes,
22 per cent said they supported cruise
missile attacks and 43 per cent opposed.
The statement and questions were
due to be followed last night by a threehour Commons debate although it
seemed unlikely that MPs would vote
at its conclusion. Labour was granted
another debate ? and a vote on the
Syrian strikes ?? today. The motion
will not bind the government, however.
Labour MPs condemn Corbyn cronies Legal minefield shows the
urgent need for a war law
Lucy Fisher
Senior Political Correspondent
Kaya Burgess
Labour MPs broke ranks to criticise Jeremy Corbyn and his frontbench allies
for their stance on Syria and Russia.
The Labour leader was attacked after
refusing to firmly attribute blame for
the deadly gas attack in Syria, or the
Skripal poisoning in Salisbury and for
opposing military action in response to
the use of chemical weapons.
Criticism was also heaped on Diane
Abbott, the shadow home secretary,
after she criticised the government for
airstrikes on Syria and posted a fake
image online of an Israeli fighter jet
bombing Iran.
Mike Gapes, the MP for Ilford South,
tweeted: ?Sorry to say my party is led by
a man who questions Russian responsibility for Salisbury, who rejects action
to stop Assad use of chemical weapons,
who opposes humanitarian intervention and gives Russia a veto on UK
action.? He added: ?I will be as loyal to
Corbyn as he was to Foot, Kinnock,
Smith, Blair and Brown.?
John Woodcock, the MP for Barrow
Diane Abbott posted a fake picture of
an Israeli fighter jet bombing Tehran
and Furness, criticised Baroness Chakrabarti, the shadow attorney general,
after she questioned the justification
for the airstrikes in a BBC interview.
He said: ?I wish my frontbench would
spend even a fraction of the energy on
Assad and Russia?s grotesque slaughter
of civilians as they are on inventing new
reasons to oppose targeted UK intervention to stop it.? Mr Corbyn?s scepti-
cism about the evidence linking Assad
to the Douma gas attack was echoed by
Lord West of Spithead, a former first
sea lord. He told Talk Radio: ?I think we
need unequivocal proof that this chemical attack was done by Assad?s forces.
I?m not at all convinced at the moment
we have unequivocal proof.?
Ms Abbott was pilloried after she
posted the photo, originally from an
aviation website, which had been photoshopped to show Tehran.
Jonathan Arkush, president of the
Board of Deputies of British Jews, said
it was ?very disturbing for a senior
Labour figure? to post such a photograph.
Momentum, the network of Corbyn
supporters, emailed its supporters
encouraging them to join Stop The War
Coalition protest marches last night.
6 Baroness Chakrabarti said recommendations in her report into Labour
antisemitism had not been implemented almost two years after it was published. She said she believed Jennie
Formby, the new general secretary,
would implement the changes, including banning terms such as ?Zio?.
Rachel Sylvester, page 25
Experts? view
Alex Bailin, QC, says Theresa May?s
position is that the military action
complied with international law
because it was necessary to alleviate
extreme suffering, a doctrine that
emerged after the Nato strikes in
Kosovo in 1999. Jeremy Corbyn
disputes the existence of the doctrine.
In my view the strikes were legal in
international law ? they were an
exceptional, proportionate measure to
avert humanitarian catastrophe ?
but ought not to have gone ahead
without parliament?s sanction.
Constitutionally, the decision to
deploy military force is an exercise of
the prime minister?s prerogative.
There is no legally established
mandate for parliament in such
decisions and the government is not
bound by its will. The parameters of
the emergency situation exception
are unclear: while many would
support the strikes, fewer, perhaps,
would contend that it was so urgent
for action to have been taken without
any prior democratic debate. This can
only be clarified by putting
parliament?s role on a statutory
footing. A war law is urgently needed.
Alex Bailin, QC, is an international law
specialist at Matrix Chambers
Philippe Sands, QC, says that the
government is on shaky ground. It
asserts that a unilateral right to
humanitarian intervention is
permissible under international law.
However, there is no consensus on
the existence of any such legal right.
While states have accepted that the
UN security council might authorise
force for humanitarian purposes, the
council has not done so in response to
Syria?s use of chemical weapons.
There is no basis in international law
for arguing that a UN state is entitled
to act in the face of an ?unreasonable
veto? at the security council, or to act
by way of reprisal.
Philippe Sands, QC, is professor of law
at University College London.
the times | Tuesday April 17 2018
7
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News
News
Assad after ?inhumane atrocity?
PIXEL8000; ROB PINNEY/LNP
Inspectors blocked
from gas attack site
Catherine Philp
Diplomatic Correspondent
Rhys Blakely Washington
MPs for opposing the prime minister. One equated President Assad?s actions in Syria to those of Hitler during the Blitz
Ups and downs of being the boss
Patrick Kidd
Political Sketch
T
heresa May?s knees got a
good workout yesterday as
she gave a statement on the
bombing of Syria. For more
than three hours the prime
minister bobbed up and down,
taking questions from 140
backbenchers, while poor old
Jeremy Corbyn, having had the first
turn, just had to sit there looking
glum and resentful that there was a
demo going on across the road that
he was unable to join. Not fair.
How he would have loved to be
wandering around Parliament
Square with his comrades from Stop
the War, many of whom had draped
the Syrian flag over their shoulders
and were happily unloading their
conspiracy theories to reporters.
One woman took ITV to task for
suggesting that President Assad was
anything other than a pussycat.
?He?s a doctor, for heavens sake,?
she said. ?Do you think he goes
around killing people?? Good point.
Whoever heard of an evil doctor?
Instead, Mr Corbyn had to sit in
front of his MPs, most of whom
went no further in their criticism of
Mrs May than to express regret that
she hadn?t asked their permission to
bomb. He looked as happy as a
schoolboy given detention when the
circus is in town. By the time he was
finally allowed out, I bet all the
falafel had gone.
Mrs May?s opening remarks were
heard in total silence. She explained
how the Syrian regime, supported by
Russia, has been blocking attempts
to investigate the chemical attacks.
She rejected Mr Corbyn?s demand
that Britain should only get involved
with the UN?s blessing. ?Be clear
that would mean a Russian veto on
our foreign policy,? she said.
Mr Corbyn did not seem bothered.
America is the enemy. He began by
lecturing Mrs May, saying that she
should not be servant ?to the whims
of the US president? and called the
bombing ?legally questionable?.
Mrs May rolled her eyes while her
MPs shouted ?disgrace? until Mr
Speaker warned them that he would
not call anyone who heckled. It was
the tics of the Labour backbenchers,
though, that carried more power
than the barracking Tories. The
nods as Mrs May spoke, the
grimaces at their own leader. Wince
by wince, it became clear that Mrs
May would probably have won a vote
on military action by some distance.
Jess Phillips (Lab, Birmingham
Yardley), for instance, was happy to
tell Mrs May that she would have
had her vote. She called for people
to have better faith in each other?s
motives. ?This is not about the local
elections,? she said. ?This is about
children being gassed.?
This was a reference to those of
protozoan intellect who had been
claiming on social media that the
prime minister had organised the
bombing to boost the Tory support
on May 3, as if Mrs May had rung
the White House and said: ?Look,
Donald. The polling in Wandsworth
looks iffy. Can you do me a favour??
Labour grandees spoke more in
sorrow than anger. Yvette Cooper
(Normanton, Pontefract &
Castleford) admitted with sad eyes
that MPs had got it wrong in the
past on choosing whether or not to
go to war, but said it was important
to stick to democratic principles.
Hilary Benn (Leeds Central), in that
amiable lecturer way of his, said
?gently? that Mrs May really should
trust parliament to get it right.
Mike Gapes (Ilford South) chose
to criticise his leader instead, saying
that he wanted to ?remind the
member for Islington North [Mr
Corbyn] that Labour had carried out
airstrikes in Iraq in 1998 and
intervened in Sierra Leone and
Kosovo, all without a UN resolution,
in the name of humanitarian aid?.
Mr Corbyn seemed oblivious. He
had one or two allies, though. Laura
Smith, who won Crewe & Nantwich
from the Tories by 48 votes last year,
had done little to catch the eye in
her first ten months as an MP but
she will have cheered up her leader
by asking Mrs May ?at what point
the president instructed her that
military action would be taken?.
It was a petty, pathetic remark,
unworthy of the Labour MP for a
seat that had once been held by the
formidable Gwyneth Dunwoody,
whose type has sadly vanished. Mrs
May gave it the contempt it
deserved. For a full 14 seconds, she
stared witheringly across the
chamber at Ms Smith, neither
blinking nor speaking until finally
she replied: ?At no point at all.?
Most people would have shrunk
into their boots in shame at such a
death stare but Ms Smith, 33, held
her gaze and continued to rabbit at
the PM. Watch out for her: she?ll be
in the shadow cabinet before long.
Tension between Russia and the West
increased last night after international
inspectors were blocked from the scene
of a chemical weapons attack in Syria
and the US prepared to impose more
sanctions on Moscow for its part in the
atrocity.
Theresa May accused Moscow of
blocking access to the site in Douma,
near Damascus, after the director-general of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)
told diplomats yesterday that Russia
and Syria were preventing a team in the
country from travelling to the area.
?It is perfectly clear that Russia is preventing, is stopping, is blocking, our opportunities to ensure that we can properly hold to account those responsible
for chemical weapon attacks in Syria,?
the prime minister told parliament.
As Britain demanded that inspectors
be granted ?unfettered access? the US
said that Russia might have already
tampered with the site. ?It is our understanding the Russians may have visited
the attack site,? the US ambassador Ken
Ward told the OPCW executive council
during its emergency meeting in The
Hague. ?We are concerned they may
have tampered with it with the intent of
thwarting the efforts of the OPCW
fact-finding mission to conduct an effective investigation,? he added.
A Russian official, briefing reporters
in the Hague, claimed the roads in
Douma were still being cleared of
mines, but they should be ready by tomorrow. ?On Wednesday we plan the
arrival of the OPCW experts,? he said.
Moscow initially claimed that US airstrikes on chemical facilities in Syria
late on Friday had caused the inspectors? delay, before laying blame on the
United Nations, saying that the team
lacked an appropriate UN permit.
Britain?s ambassador to the OPCW
said Russia?s claims ?make no sense?.
Peter Wilson told reporters that the UN
had cleared the inspectors to go but
that Russia and Syria were claiming
they could not guarantee their safety.
Russia has accused Britain of staging
the attacks on April 7 in which up to 75
people died, an accusation that Mr
Wilson called ludicrous. He accused
Moscow of ?spreading conspiracy
theories and misinformation?.
Ahmet Uzumcu, director-general of
the OPCW, confirmed that the team
had yet to reach Douma but denied that
western airstrikes or UN permits were
to blame. ?The Syrian and the Russian
officials [said] that there were still pending security issues to be worked out
before any deployment could take
place,? he said. ?In the meantime the
team was offered by the Syrian authorities that they could interview 22 witnesses who could be brought to Damascus.? It was unclear whether the OPCW
had accepted that offer.
The UN confirmed that it was not
holding up any permits for the team.
Philippe Lalliot, the French ambassador to the OPCW, called for it to be
given greater powers to dismantle Syria?s chemical weapons programme,
supposed to have been destroyed in
2014. President Macron has moved to
strip President Assad of the L間ion
d?honneur awarded to him in 2001 by
Jacques Chirac. The honour can be rescinded for ?acts contrary to honour?.
The US prepared to impose new financial penalties on Russia. Nikki Haley,
the US ambassador to the UN, said
President Trump would soon announce further sanctions that would
target Russian companies ?dealing with
equipment related to Assad and chemical weapons use?.
The White House said that Mr
Trump still wanted US forces in Syria to
return home as soon as possible, pushing back against comments from President Macron, who claimed that he had
persuaded Mr Trump to keep a US
presence in Syria for ?the long term?.
Leading article, page 29
Skripal trolls mobilised to
spread ?news? of bombings
Mark Bridge Technology Correspondent
Deborah Haynes
The same Russian trolls on Twitter who
blamed the poisoning of Sergei and Yulia Skripal on MI5, Hillary Clinton and
Israel have been mobilised to pump out
conspiracy theories about Saturday?s
airstrikes in Syria.
Last month The Times revealed that
at least five pro-Kremlin troll accounts
that purported to be run by westerners
were sharing outlandish propaganda
reaching hundreds of thousands of
people. On Saturday, the Pentagon reported a 2,000 per cent increase in Russian troll activity in the preceding 24
hours, concerning the airstrikes by the
US, Britain and France on Syrian
chemical weapons facilities. Experts
said many of the accounts involved
were the same ones that had previously
focused on the Skripal case.
Citizen Halo, a ?Finnish activist?, previously tweeted claiming that Theresa
May was more likely to be responsible
for Mr Skripal?s poisoning than Presi-
dent Putin. This weekend she tweeted
saying the airstrikes were a response to
a false-flag chemical attack staged by
Syrian rebels and the White Helmets,
the volunteer rescue force.
Researchers say that a large number
of accounts are highly likely to be
Russian trolls, based on their posting
behaviour, but cannot all be positively
identified as such. Ben Nimmo from the
Atlantic Council, a US think tank, said:
?The Russian disinformation machine
has really kicked up a gear in its activities since the chemical attack. There
was a huge spike in traffic which pushed
the narrative favoured by the Kremlin
and Assad.?
Academic experts said they had also
seen a surge in activity by automated
?bot? accounts spreading Russian narratives. They said the use of unsophisticated ?s***tbots? suggested that the
Kremlin felt under pressure to spread
its ?alternative facts? by any means.
Citizen Halo did not respond to The
Times but has previously denied being a
Russian troll.
8
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Tuesday April 17 2018 | the times
News
Peers prepare to attack ?dreadnought? EU bill
Henry Zeffman Political Reporter
Ministers are braced for a series of
defeats on the central Brexit legislation
in the House of Lords this week.
The withdrawal bill begins six days of
votes there tomorrow. Peers are expected to open the parliamentary
wrangling by defying the government
on the customs union, one of the main
prongs of Theresa May?s strategy.
A cross-party amendment to the bill,
which transfers European law to the
British statute book, requires the government to negotiate a continuing customs union with the EU after Brexit. Its
backers, who include Lord Patten of
Barnes, the former Conservative Party
chairman, and Lord Kerr of Kinlochard, the UK?s former chief diplomat, are
bullish about the prospect of defeating
the government by a large margin.
Since the prime minister?s Lancaster
House speech in January last year the
government has insisted that it will not
have a customs union with the EU after
Brexit so that it can strike free trade
deals around the world.
When the Article 50 bill, which enabled Mrs May to begin the Brexit process, was put before the Lords last year,
the government was twice defeated on
amendments by about 100 votes. Although the government is likely to try
to overturn any amendments passed by
the Lords when the bill returns to the
Commons a series of Lords defeats
could embolden pro-EU Tory MPs to
push for a further softening of Mrs
May?s negotiating stance in Brussels.
As well as Lord Patten, nine other
Conservative peers have signed
amendments backed by Labour and the
Liberal Democrats. They include Viscount Hailsham, who as Douglas Hogg
was agriculture minister under John
Major, Baroness Altmann, the former
pensions minister, Baroness Wheatcroft, the former editor of The Sunday
Telegraph, and the Duke of Wellington.
Opposition peers are also optimistic
about forcing through an amendment
that would give parliament the decision
on what to do next if it rejects Mrs
May?s Brexit deal. The government has
insisted that in that scenario the UK
would still leave the EU but without a
deal, which could mean that MPs attempting to soften the government?s
stance end up hardening it. Peers are
also planning to insert a clause enabling
the government to delay the Brexit date
beyond the end of March next year.
Cross-party groups of peers are also
trying to limit the government?s use of
so-called Henry VIII powers, which
give ministers the power to change laws
without full parliamentary scrutiny. A
senior source insisted that the government had expected to make changes to
the bill in the face of opposition. ?The
withdrawal bill was always meant to be
a dreadnought,? the source said. ?You
can take bits off it and it will still float.?
A Brexit department spokesman
said: ?The House of Lords plays an important role in scrutinising and revising
legislation and we are grateful for the
contributions made so far. Throughout
the [bill?s] passage we have demonstrated that we are listening to constructive
suggestions put forward. This bill is
about providing certainty and continuity as we leave the EU. It is not a medium to overturn the referendum.?
Scientists guess how
you voted on Europe
Oliver Moody Science Correspondent
What word connects the following
terms: reading, service, stick?* Your
answer may help to explain not only
how you feel about immigrants and
uppity children but also how you voted
in the EU referendum.
Scientists at Cambridge University
have found that people who backed
Leave tend to be a little less creative and
markedly worse at coping with change
than those who supported Remain.
Their theory is that people who have
?tight, impermeable mental boundaries? gravitate towards a more nationalist, ethnocentric and socially conservative mindset.
The research has its roots in the
aftermath of the Second World War.
The German sociologist Theodor
Adorno and three colleagues at the
University of California argued in a
1950 book called The Authoritarian Personality that people were drawn to
fascism because of a distinctive psychological profile. One of the chief characteristics of this type of person, the academics said, was a mental rigidity: a
lack of imagination and an inability to
change one?s mind as the facts changed.
While Adorno?s methods have been
much criticised, many of his intuitions
have been confirmed by more rigorous
scientific studies. However, the Cambridge research, led by Leor Zmigrod, is
the first to use objective scores of cognitive flexibility.
The researchers signed up 332 British
citizens with an average age of 38 and
tested their skill at adapting to new
rules with a task in which participants
were challenged to work out how to put
cards together. A card with three blue
stars, for example, could be linked to a
single blue circle by their colour. Every
so often the underlying rules changed
without warning. The scientists also
measured creativity with the remote
associates test, which involves finding
the right word to link three other words.
Those who scored higher on the
card-based ?reactive flexibility? test
were more likely to have voted Remain.
The effect was even stronger than those
of age and education, factors that are
often invoked by academics trying to
understand the Brexit vote. The association with the word-based creativity
test was somewhat weaker.
Ms Zmigrod emphasised that the
findings, published in the journal
PNAS, did not show that Leave voters
were less intelligent than Remain
voters: simply that they tended to be
less cognitively adaptable. There were
also some important caveats, including
the relatively small number of people
who took part in the study and the fact
that cognitive flexibility can be influenced by an individual?s social milieu.
* Lip.
BBC drops documentary
on anti-Brexit campaign
Matthew Moore Media Correspondent
Sam Coates Deputy Political Editor
The BBC has scrapped a planned documentary about the campaign to block
Brexit amid concerns that it could be
seen to breach impartiality guidelines.
The programme was to have focused
on Remain leaders, including Lord
Adonis, the Labour peer, and Anna
Soubry, the Conservative MP, who are
trying to prevent a hard Brexit.
The BBC?s current affairs department funded project. Filming had
begun but last week contributors were
told that Patrick Holland, the BBC Two
controller, had decided not to commissioned it.
It is understood that senior BBC executives were sensitive to questions
about balance as both sides of the Brexit debate scrutinise its output closely.
Dropping the film so late in the commissioning process has angered antiBrexit campaigners, who claim that the
BBC is failing to reflect the depth of
support for a second referendum
among voters.
Lord Adonis has criticised the BBC
on social media recently, claiming that
it ignored anti-Brexit demonstrations.
He said the cancellation was outrageous and the BBC was ?running scared
of the government and Brexiteers?.
David Modell, the independent filmmaker behind last year?s Labour: The
Summer That Changed Everything on
BBC Two, was producing the show.
The BBC insisted that the documentary was dropped for reasons unrelated to balance or impartiality. ?There
is no truth in the allegation that a documentary was ?vetoed? by BBC managers; as part of our normal editorial process we consider many proposals, some
of which we commission and many of
which we don?t,? the corporation said.
?After some initial development
work on this proposal we decided not to
commission it.? Brexit would be
explored in other documentaries, it
added. Modell declined to comment.
the times | Tuesday April 17 2018
9
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News
SI軳 ADDISON/RZSS
Millennials
will still rent
at retirement
Tom Knowles Property Correspondent
Big reveal The first polar bear born in Britain in 25 years is a boy, it was announced yesterday, after the four-month-old cub had a health check at Highland Wildlife Park
A third of millennials could still be renting at pension age, a report has said,
costing the taxpayer � billion a year.
The housing shortage is likely to have
a significant impact on society for
decades, the centre-left Resolution
Foundation think tank said.
Four in ten 30-year-olds are renting,
which is four times the proportion of
those born between 1946 and 1965 who
were renting at the same age. The foundation said that a record 1.8 million
families with children rented privately,
compared with 600,000 15 years ago.
It said that if home ownership growth
rates took a ?worst-case scenario? over
the next 40 years then up to half of all
millennials ? those born between 1981
and 2000 ? will be renting privately or
in the social rented sector in their forties. A third could still be renting by the
time they claim their pensions, it said.
This, coupled with an ageing population, could raise the housing benefit bill
for pensioners from �3 billion today to
� billion by 2060, it said. Under its
best-case scenario, 9 per cent will rent
privately up to pension age. It called for
rent rises to be capped in line with inflation and for indeterminate leases,
which are in place in Scotland and stop
landlords removing a tenant within two
months without good reason. The current pension age for a 30-year-old is 68.
genes
Controlling girlfriend who stabbed, Hair
make women
starved and scalded partner is jailed the fairer sex
David Brown
A fine art graduate has been jailed for
seven and a half years after admitting
that she had stabbed her boyfriend,
poured boiling water over him and
banned him from their bed.
Jordan Worth, 22, had controlled
every aspect of her boyfriend?s life since
they met at college at the age of 16.
Luton crown court was told that she
had isolated him from his friends and
taken over his Facebook account.
Maryam Syed, prosecuting, said that
Worth had exercised control over him
after they moved in together in the village of Stewartby, Bedfordshire. She
became violent and used blunt objects
to hurt him, wounded him with a knife
and did not help him to get hospital
treatment. For nine months the man,
who has hydrocephalus, a potentially
fatal buildup of fluid in the brain, had
not been allowed to sleep in the same
bed as her.
Last week Worth pleaded guilty to
controlling or coercive behaviour in an
intimate relationship, wounding with
intent and causing grievous bodily
harm with intent between April 2016
and June last year.
Worth, a former gymnastics coach,
who graduated last year with a degree
in fine art from the University of Hertfordshire, had been involved in caring
and voluntary work for unwanted
animals and had raised money for
children in Africa, the court was told.
One neighbour heard her boyfriend
shouting: ?Get off me, you are hurting
me.? Another heard him shouting: ?Get
off my head. Don?t keep doing that to
my head.?
He was seen several times with black
eyes, a limp and with his arm in sling.
Worth was seen at a window by a neighbour ?armed? with a screwdriver or
hammer, the court was told.
Last June neighbours called the
police to the couple?s home in the early
hours because they heard shouting. An
ambulance crew noted injuries to the
man?s hand and burns to his arms and
legs that he had covered with cling film.
Worth had thrown boiling water over
him, causing second and third
degree burns to 5 per cent of his
body. He will have scars for life.
The court heard that Worth has a
new boyfriend.
Judge Nic Madge jailed her for
seven and a half years and told her
that as well as the violence she
had inflicted on her partner
she had refused him
adequate bedding and
food. He said that she
would belittle him and
discourage him from
contacting his friends
and family. ?She
accepts that she has in
the past, on a numberr
d
of occasions, used
Jordan Worth left
her former boyfriend
scarred for life
blunt objects and implements to strike
him and that he suffered injuries as a
result of her doing so,? he said. ?She
accepts using boiling or hot water to
cause injury to him. She accepts
that she has in the past used a
k
knife
to cause injury to her
partner.?
Worth was made the subject
of a restraining order that prevents her from contacting
the man for an indefinite
period.
According to the
Office for National
Statistics 14 per cent of
men have experienced
domestic abuse since
the age of 16, equivalent to 2.2 million
victims.
In the year to
March 2017 the
police
recorded
1.1 million incidents
o domestic abuse.
of
Briton arrested in Thailand ?kicked his wife to death?
Charlie Parker
A British man has been arrested in
Thailand on suspicion of kicking his
wife to death because she had refused to
have sex with him.
Kevin Smitham, 51, and his wife,
Kanda, 29, had been staying with her
parents in Ubon Ratchathani in the
northeast Isan region over the new year
holiday last weekend.
Late on Sunday when she refused to
sleep with him he is said to have
Kevin Smitham allegedly killed Kanda
when she refused to sleep with him
accused her of being unfaithful and
flown into a drunken rage. The police
say that he stamped on her then
covered her body with a blanket and
went to bed.
Neighbours saw the body yesterday
morning and called the police. They
said that she had been wearing only her
underwear and that her body had been
outside her family?s single-storey
home. Mr Smitham was found hungover standing by the side of the building
and is said to have confessed that he
had repeatedly kicked his wife, a fitness
fanatic, to death, but ?did not mean to
kill her?.
Inspector General Watcharapol
Pimwong, said that he found Mrs
Smitham?s body covered in bruises. Mr
Pimwong said that the couple ?started
arguing because he wanted to have
sex?. Mr Smitham then became jealous
and ?attacked her with his foot, kicked
her to the face and body several times?.
The couple had lived in Pattaya and
had two children together.
Tom Whipple Science Editor
Women are more likely to have blonde
hair than men, according to the largest
study so far into genes and hair colour.
About 300,000 people of European
descent took part in the research which
found 111 new genes that helped to determine our hair colour. It also found,
unexpectedly, that women were significantly more likely to have blonde hair
and men three times as likely to have
black hair.
Researchers know that hair colour is
a highly heritable trait, meaning that
our final pigmentation is almost entirely accounted for by genes. However,
until now very few of the genes involved have been identified.
The research involved looking at
genomes stored in the UK Biobank, a
research collaboration, as well as privately collected data from companies
such as 23andMe. The study, published
in Nature Genetics, has significantly
improved our understanding of which
combination of genes produces which
colour, to the extent that it may even
apply to police work. One of the
authors estimated that it would be
possible to use DNA at a crime scene to
tell with 90 per cent certainty whether
someone had black or red hair.
Why the marked difference between
the sexes was found is not clear. One
possibility, which would have implications for the rest of the study, is that
people lied about their natural hair
colour, but that seems unlikely to have
had such a big effect.
Another is that sexual selection is
involved, with dark men and fair
women doing better, and evolution developing ways to change the balance of
gene expression accordingly.
10
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Tuesday April 17 2018 | the times
News
News Commonwealth
Charles has May?s backing
to lead the Commonwealth
Francis Elliott Political Editor
Valentine Low
The Prince of Wales is set to be chosen
to succeed the Queen as the next head
of the Commonwealth by its 53
national leaders this week after he
received the support of Theresa May.
Jeremy Corbyn has said that Charles
should not automatically take over,
suggesting that the holder of the post
could be decided ?on a rotational basis?.
Kate Osamor, the shadow development secretary, went further last week,
saying that Prince Charles was not
suited to the role.
Ms Osamor said that someone who
was ?level-headed, someone people
respect, but also someone who thinks
outside the box? would be a better
candidate. ?I just don?t think it should
be him. I don?t really know what he?s
been up to of late. He?s not been that
vocal on issues,? Ms Osamor told The
House magazine.
There is growing confidence that a
lengthy lobbying campaign by Clar-
ence House, discreetly backed by the
government, will see the prince nominated as the successor. That was
reflected when Mrs May came out in
public support of his candidacy yesterday before the Commonwealth Heads
of Government summit in London.
?The government supports the
Prince of Wales as the next head of the
Commonwealth,? Mrs May?s spokesman said. ?He has been a proud supporter of the Commonwealth for more
than four decades and has spoken passionately about the organisation?s
unique diversity. Succession is a matter
for the Commonwealth as a whole to
determine. Any discussion that did take
place would take place at the leaders?
retreat at Windsor Castle on Friday.
Decisions in the Commonwealth are
made by consensus.?
Prince Harry has announced that he
would share his new position as a
Commonwealth youth ambassador
with Meghan Markle. In a speech to
Commonwealth youth representatives
at the start of the summit, he said he
was ?incredibly grateful? that the
?woman I am about to marry? would
share his new job, and said that she was
excited to help young people?s voices to
be heard. The prince, 33, and Ms
Markle, 36, are expected to undertake
tours of the Commonwealth.
Ms Markle has already gone out of
her way to express her enthusiasm for
the Commonwealth. She will take part
Theresa May and Prince Harry at the
Commonwealth summit in London
in two official Commonwealth events
this week, one on youth and one on
women ? an unusual level of involvement for someone not yet married into
the royal family, but a sign of her determination to, as she put it, ?hit the
ground running?.
The role of youth ambassador is considered particularly important because
60 per cent of the population of the
Commonwealth is under the age of 30.
Harry opened his speech with a
tribute to his grandmother, saying: ?On
the day of her 21st birthday, the then
Princess Elizabeth gave an extraordinary radio address from Cape Town.
With an eye on the future, and an
already unflinching sense of duty, she
made a commitment. She said that
whether her life be long or short, it
would be dedicated to the service of the
people of the Commonwealth.
?Her Majesty?s commitment has
meant that the Commonwealth is a
thriving family of nations, a common
link between nearly two and a half
billion people, and a defender of democracy, justice, and peace.?
Baroness Scotland of Asthal, secretary-general of the Commonwealth,
said later that the Queen could have
given no ?greater gift? than her
grandson to champion the youth of the
Commonwealth.
Melanie Phillips, page 26
The Empire Windrush arrives at Tilbury
Rudd forced
Continued from page 1
hampered by police cuts. Last month a
report disclosed that the department
had lost track of more than 600,000
foreigners who should have left Britain.
Theresa May and Ms Rudd have
moved swiftly to end growing
anger over the Windrush issue as it
threatened to overshadow the Commonwealth heads of government
conference, which started yesterday.
?Frankly, some of the way they have
been treated has been wrong, has been
appalling, and I am sorry,? Ms Rudd told
the Commons. ?I am very sorry for any
confusion and anxiety felt.?
In a rebuke to her officials, she told
MPs: ?I am concerned that the Home
Office has become too concerned with
policy and strategy, and sometimes
loses sight of the individual.
?This is about individuals, and
we have seen the individual stories,
and they have been, some of them,
terrible to hear, and that is why I have
acted.?
A Whitehall source said that officials
had believed that the problem was
relatively small in scale. ?Home Office
officials thought that there were only
around seven problem cases, and could
not find evidence of any deportations.
the times | Tuesday April 17 2018
11
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News
News
ALAMY
Johnson will welcome
man who announced
overthrow of Mugabe
Francis Elliott
on the River Thames on June 22, 1948, carrying 492 immigrants from the West Indies hoping to start new lives in Britain
to apologise
That?s why it did not seem like a big
thing to them,? the source said.
David Lammy, the Labour MP for
Tottenham, told Ms Rudd it was ?a day
of national shame? and it was ?inhumane and cruel? that the government
had taken so long to act. There was
anger on both sides of the House, with
public criticism from cabinet colleagues Sajid Javid and Penny Mordaunt, and a letter signed by 140 MPs.
Ms Rudd announced emergency
measures including a 20-strong taskforce to deal with cases, the waiving of
the �9 fee for a document proving the
right to live in the UK and a presumption that all those who arrived between
1948 and 1971 would be allowed to stay.
Only those found to have committed
serious criminal offences are likely to
be refused the right to reside.
In letters to The Times today Trevor
Phillips, the former chairman of the
Equality and Human Rights Commission, says he is outraged at the ?callousness and betrayal of trust? by ministers
towards the Windrush generation and
the former Labour home secretary
Lord Blunkett says that he thought he
had resolved the issue in 2003.
Letters, page 28
Leading article, page 29
Q&A
Who are the Windrush
generation?
Most of them, so called
after the name of one of
the first ships that
arrived from Jamaica in
he
1948, are citizens of the
pe
UK and colonies, a type
of citizenship
conferred by the
British Nationality
Act of 1948.
parents? passports.
Many of those who are
now facing difficulties
arrived as children with
their parents. In 1971 the
Immigration Act said
that those already in the
UK when the act came
into force in 1973, and
who had no restriction
on their right to be here,
Were they subject
to immigration
controls?
There were no
immigration
restrictions on them
and they were known as
?freely landed?.
What has changed?
In 1962 Commonwealth
citizens became subject
to immigration controls
but children were not
included and could
come in on their
had automatic indefinite
leave to stay. The
Windrush children, with
no restrictions, were
entitled to settled
status. As a result they
are in the UK legally.
Why has the problem
arisen now?
In 2012 Theresa May
promised to create a
hostile environment for
illegal immigrants,
stopping migrants?
access to the NHS and
welfare, employment,
bank accounts, driving
licences and rented
accommodation unless
accom
prove their
they could
c
right to be in the UK.
Hundreds of those
Hun
from the Windrush
fro
generation have
g
found they have no
fo
paperwork to
p
prove they have
p
been in the UK
be
lawfully for years.
law
They are being
The
advised to get a ?no
advis
time lilimit? biometric
residence permit, and
reside
encouraged
have been
b
to send in as much
personal information as
possible, along with
documents such as bills,
birth, marriage and
exam certificates and
employment records.
Boris Johnson will roll out the red carpet this week for the most senior Zimbabwean minister to visit London since
the fall of Robert Mugabe
The foreign secretary will act as host
to his counterpart Sibusiso Moyo on
Friday as part of efforts to encourage
Zimbabwe to rejoin the Commonwealth. Mr Mugabe withdrew his country from the organisation 15 years ago
in protest at its suspension the previous
year over a general election that had
been marred by political violence. The
Commonwealth declared that the poll
had not been free and fair.
He was removed from office last year
and his successor, President Mnangagwa, has said that he wants to restore
relations with Britain and the Commonwealth. A formal application is
expected after a general election in
Zimbabwe in July.
It is understood that Baroness Scotland of Asthal, the Commonwealth secretary-general, held talks with representatives from the country last week.
Mr Moyo?s meeting with Mr Johnson
will be presented as the next stage in the
rapprochement.
Mr Johnson said: ?Zimbabwe is at a
pivotal point in its history, with great
opportunities ahead for reform and
change. President Mnangagwa has
been in power for 150 days and while
Zimbabwe has made impressive
progress there is still much to do.
That?s why Britain, the Commonwealth and the wider
international community will
do everything it can in supporting Zimbabwe on its
path of reform, and I very
much look forward to meeting
foreign minister Moyo
in London to discuss
just that.?
Before being
made foreign
minister Mr
Moyo was a
major-
general in the Zimbabwean army. He
was the officer who gave a television
statement when Mr Mugabe was overthrown on November 15 denying that a
coup had taken place and saying that
the president and his family were safe.
Zimbabwe?s armed forces have been
accused of orchestrating the violent
intimidation of Mr Mugabe?s opponents in past elections but Mr Moyo has
repeatedly pledged that this year?s polls
would be free and fair. Mr Johnson will
seek to underline the need for independent observers.
?July?s election will be a bellwether
for the direction of a new Zimbabwe,?
he said. ?The Zimbabwe government
must deliver the free and fair elections
the people of Zimbabwe deserve and
which it has promised. The UK stands
ready in friendship to support a Zimbabwe that fully embraces the rule of
law, human rights and economic
reform.?
Mr Mnangagwa, who replaced Mr
Mugabe after the de facto military
coup, has said that Britain leaving the
EU was a good thing, because ?what
they?ve lost with Brexit they can come
and recover from Zimbabwe?.
He told the Financial Times: ?When
we have engagement they [Britain]
want to raise the issue about us joining
the Commonwealth. I said I?ll be happy
to deal with that . . . I personally have
nothing against the Commonwealth
club.? Zimbabwe has already said that it
would invite the US, the European
Union and a number of Commonwealth countries to send
observers to the elections.
Foreign Office officials said
that Mr Johnson was aware of
Mr Moyo?s past in the army but
believed that, as a close ally of
Mr Mnangagwa, he
could play a key
role in the country?s future.
Sibusiso
Moyo is to
visit London
Focus on basic problems,
film director tells leaders
Kaya Burgess
Commonwealth leaders must reaffirm
their pledge to eradicate poverty, tackle
climate change and reduce inequality
when they meet in London, according
to Richard Curtis, the writer and film
director.
Curtis is a United Nations advocate
for the Sustainable Development Goals
? 17 targets set by the UN to ensure
that everyone has access to food, clean
water, good healthcare and education
and equal opportunities by 2030.
Writing for The Times?s Red Box
briefing, Curtis, who co-founded
Comic Relief and wrote Notting Hill and
Four Weddings and a Funeral, said: ?I
advocate loudly to Commonwealth
leaders ? act on the goals now. If
you?ve put them to one side, it?s time to
take them very seriously. You don?t
need a new plan, a fresh review, a policy
calibration: the goals are the plan. You
can?t put them off saying ?let?s sort out
our current problems first?. We understand the urgent, and sometimes desperate, daily realities. But enacting the
goals will be key to stopping those very
crises.? Curtis described the Commonwealth as a ?huge and powerful group
of nations? and said he was himself a
creature of the Commonwealth, born
in New Zealand to Australian parents,
living in the UK for most of his life and
working with many African Commonwealth countries on charity campaigns.
He added that politicians cannot
achieve the goals alone: ?As citizens
make changes in their lives for the good
of the planet, they have high expectations of business.
?New transparency initiatives will
evaluate companies by benchmarking
them against the goals.?
Curtis added: ?All of us on this planet
have a huge amount in common ? in a
way, everything in common ? and if
we work together, substantial ultranational things can be achieved.?
red box
For the best analysis
and commentary on
the political landscape
thetimes.co.uk
the times | Tuesday April 17 2018
13
2G M
News
Castaway returns in a hurry after painful reality check
Mike Merritt
She was supposed to wander for 40 days
and 40 nights in the Scottish wilderness
but fell on some rocks and left with a
headache after less than a fortnight.
A woman who wanted to be cast
away on an uninhabited group of Hebridean islands had to be brought back
by lifeboat having slipped and
bumped her head.
man
The unnamed woman
nd
had planned to spend
40 days on the Shiantt
Isles off the east
coast of Lewis but
yesterday,
four
days after the fall,
contacted coastguards complaining that she was
still suffering from
an acute headache.
oat
Stornoway Lifeboat
was launched and the
o Westwoman was taken to
ern Isles hospital, where her
n She had planned
condition is unknown.
to stay on the islands until early next
month and was on her own, the Maritime and Coastguard Agency confirmed.
The Shiants, below, might have
seemed a promising place to find a
piece of paradise. The islands have a
long history of human habitation, with
pottery finds stretching from the late
Bronze Age to the mid-20th century.
Compton Mackenzie, who
wrote the novel Whisky
Galore,
owned
the
island in the 1920s
islands
and his fascination
an love of the
and
H
Hebrides
captivate urban readers
ed
w a taste for adwith
v
venture.
Perhaps
te
tellingly,
the
au
author
never chose
to live there.
M
More
recently the
island former owner,
islands?
Adam Nicolson, wrote
about the ?wild and magnificent? Shian
Shiants in his book Sea
Room In his account it was the islands?
Room.
extraordinary wildlife, including a vast
TMS
diary@thetimes.co.uk | @timesdiary
Mogg?s tussle
with the law
There is not much, one would
assume, that Jacob Rees-Mogg has
in common with a young black
Londoner but it turns out that The
Mogg, too, knows the frustration of
stop-and-search laws. ?The police
used this to stop me when I was
driving with my children along Pall
Mall,? he complained on LBC
yesterday. ?It?s where my mother
lives.? (Just like Tottenham only
with a dress code.) The police made
him turn out his boot to prove that
he had nothing more dangerous in
there than an unbowdlerised
edition of Ovid and The Mogg was
justifiably annoyed at being
stopped for no good reason. ?I was
less cordial than normal,? he said.
?In fact, I was far from gruntled.?
Barry Gardiner, the shadow
international trade secretary, seems
to have got away with saying over
Easter that his party?s policy on
Brexit is ?bollocks?. It is not the first
time that he has had to wash his
mouth out. Labour advisers speak
with amusement of Bazza begging
them at a party conference to lend
him some toothpaste. ?I?ve been
brushing my teeth with soap for
three days,? he explained.
unsung comic hero
Neil Shand, who died on Sunday,
got many of the laughs but little of
the credit as a writer for Spike
Milligan and the Two Ronnies,
while David Frost took him round
the world to write gags for his
shows. In Australia, Frost was
asked for his impression of
the country. In what was
surely a Shand-scripted ad
lib, Frost said nothing
for eight seconds, then
broke the silence by
saying: ?That was my
impression of the
Sydney Harbour
Bridge. I can do the
Opera House next.?
It was Milligan?s centenary
yesterday. Born in India, he sought
Irish citizenship after being told he
would have to swear an oath of
allegiance to the Queen. Milligan
thought that fighting for her father
in the war was proof enough of his
loyalty. He got no sympathy from
Prince Charles. ?I had to swear an
oath of allegiance to her,? he told
Milligan, ?and she?s my mother.?
a rich man?s world
Mr Justice Jay, a High Court judge
who caught the eye for using
Moggian words like pellucidly and
adumbrate when he was counsel
on the Leveson inquiry, lives a
grand life. Hearing a case on
Friday, Jay told a barrister
representing the National Crime
Agency that he was a mug for
charging � an hour for his work.
?You can?t get a plumber for less
than �0 an hour,? Jay told him.
?Well you can ? a bad one.?
Alan Bennett is losing his hearing.
The 83-year-old playwright told a
fundraising event for a homeless
charity in Camden that he kept
getting things wrong. Recently, a
painter told him that he ?specialises
in Ramsgate?. Bennett replied that
he didn?t know the Kent coast that
well, at which his partner helpfully
shouted: ?He said landscapes, Alan.?
who are these beatles?
It is 55 years since the release of
Tony Richardson?s Tom Jones, a film
that won four Oscars. At a
screening at the BFI, Vanessa
Redgrave, Richardson?s former wife,
said it was almost a dud. ?The head
of British distribution for United
Artists saw the cut and
pronounced [it a] disaster,?
Redgrave, left, said. Not that his
judgment was reliable. ?At about
the same time, the head of
United Artists told the same
man that he?d just signed
the Beatles for their first
film,? she said. ?And the
distributor replied: ?But
who is going to star?? ?
patrick kidd
colony of puffins, that made them so
compelling.
The Shiants were only last month
officially declared free of black rats,
thanks to a �million, four-year project
to eradicate them and restore the
islands as a secure haven for nesting
seabirds.
The black rats, a species rarely found
in Britain, were descended from those
shipwrecked more than a century ago.
In April 2012 after a survey of the
islands it was estimated that about
3,600 were living there, increasing to
about 10,000 in the summer when
more food was available.
A month-long monitoring check in
25 miles
Isle of
Lewis
Stornoway
SHIANT
ISLES
Skye
Scotland
February found no sign of them. The
castaway woman is not the first whose
plans for a wilderness adventure have
been thwarted in the Highlands and
Islands. Contestants who endured a
year on the remote Ardnamurchan
peninsula for Eden, a Channel 4 reality
show, in 2016 returned to discover that
only four episodes of their experiences
had been screened.
The programme challenged the 23
participants to create a new model of
society. But the group was disrupted by
sexual jealousy, hunger and feuds and
more than half the cast quit within the
first few weeks.
Struggling to live off the land, they
resorted to smuggling in junk food and
alcohol. And, far from being completely
isolated, they used their boat ? meant
for fishing ? to attend barbecues on
the shore opposite their camp.
the times | Tuesday April 17 2018
15
2G M
News
WAYNE HUTCHINSON/FARM IMAGES/UIG/GETTY IMAGES
Order it rare:
eating animals
can save them
from dying out
Jerome Starkey
Countryside Correspondent
Eating some of Britain?s most endangered animals could save them from
extinction, conservationists have
claimed.
Carnivores are often blamed for
inflicting irreparable damage on vulnerable species? habitats and record
numbers of people are adopting vegan
lifestyles to try to save the planet. But
demand for meat is key to keeping rare
pigs, sheep and cows alive, the Rare
Breeds Survival Trust said.
Dozens of historic breeds are disappearing from the countryside as
farmers opt for modern hybrids, which
have been bred to maximise their
profits in intensive farming systems.
?Although it might sound odd, we
want more people to eat rare breed
meat to drive demand for the animals,?
Tom Beeston, head of the trust, said.
?The more people eat rare breed meat,
the greater the demand and the more
animals will be bred.?
Demand for beef from Highland
cattle has already helped the longhorned hairy cows to escape the annual
danger list, which the charity published
today.
The numbers of Gloucester old spot
pigs have also risen, thanks to demand
from gastropubs and restaurants,
but the pigs are still ?at
risk? because there
are fewer than 500
breeding females
nationwide, Mr
Beeston said.
Small family
farms, which
were once a stronghold of rare breeds,
have struggled to compete with mega-farms
since the end of the
Second World War. Today almost 90 per cent of
the dairy herd comes from just two
breeds and their crosses of Fresian and
Holstein cows.
Britain?s rarest farm animal is the
Vaynol cow, a semi-feral beast, which
originated in north Wales in 1872.
There are 12 breeding females left and
they have been dispersed across three
sites to reduce the risk of disease wiping
them all out.
?These rare breed animals are going
to end up as dead as a dodo unless their
numbers increase dramatically,? Mr
Beeston said. ?They are beautiful to
look at, uniquely British and deserve to
be protected for future generations.?
Dominika Piasecka, spokeswoman
for the Vegan Society, said that the
trust?s claims were ludicrous, adding:
?Animal agriculture is widely acknowledged as the leading driver of species
extinction, habitat loss, water consumption and pollution.?
About 540,000 people in Britain are
vegan. Ms Piasecka said the society
would like to see farm animals left to reproduce naturally ?and live their lives in
a sanctuary setting?.
Rehana Jomeen from The Save
Movement, an abolitionist vegan campaign group that protests outside
abattoirs, said it did not matter if breeds
disappeared because they only existed
as a result of exploitative farming practices. ?Ultimately, there should be no
Criminals
getting away
with attacks
on wildlife
Ben Webster Environment Editor
Highland Cattle beef sales are boosting numbers, but some pigs aren?t as fortunate
Endangered species
The rarest breeds
(Number of breeding
females)
Cattle
Vaynol: 12
Pigs
British landrace: 138
Horses
Cleveland bay: 64
Sheep (<900):
Boreray
Leicester longwool
Lincoln longwool
North Ronaldsay
whitefaced woodland
Welsh mountain
pedigree
demand at all as we have no
real justification for rearing
animals and taking their
lives for their flesh and
by-products,? she said.
The British lop and
the British landrace are
among the most endangered
breed of pigs, Mr Beeston said, with 161
and 138 breeding females respectively.
The most abundant
Dairy cattle
From a total UK herd
of 1.2 million
Holstein Friesian ?
684,000
Friesian ? 134,40
Holstein ? 123,600
Source: RBST, DEFRA, AHDB & BCMS
?The problem is that celebrity chefs and
restaurant owners haven?t heard of
these rare breeds so there is no market
for them,? he added.
Two breeds of heavy horse, which
were used to plough fields as well as pull
guns during the First World War, are
also on the critical list, the trust said.
There are 64 Cleveland bay mares of
breeding age and 80 Suffolk punches.
Wildlife crime such as badger baiting
and killing birds of prey is rising but
fewer than one in every 50 reported
incidents results in a successful prosecution, a report says.
There were almost 1,300 reported
crimes involving bats, marine mammals, badgers and raptors in 2016, but
only 22 successful prosecutions. A
group of 18 wildlife charities has produced its first wildlife crime report for
England and Wales. The charities were
concerned that the Home Office did
not record most wildlife crimes. The
1,278 crimes that they recorded were
?likely to be the tip of the iceberg?,
according to Wildlife and Countryside
Link, the body for the 18 organisations.
They included 612 reports of crimes
against badgers, 145 against bats, 366
against marine mammals and 155
against birds of prey. There was a 33 per
cent increase between 2015 and 2016 in
crimes involving badgers, bats and raptors. Figures for marine mammals were
not available for 2015.
Offences against badgers included
snaring and making dogs fight them.
There were four successful prosecutions in 2016 for badger offences. The
report said that the police sometimes
failed to accept reports of crimes, with
some ?closed off as an ?RSPCA matter? ?.
Officers often had ?no power or training to undertake investigations?.
The report said that property developers were destroying bat roosts and
ignoring laws because there was ?a low
risk of being brought to justice?. Boat
users were deliberately going too close
to marine animals and fishermen were
shooting seals. Most of the 155 crimes
against raptors were reported to the
police but there were no prosecutions.
Shootings and poisonings were the
most common incidents, many on or
near to grouse moors. One gamekeeper
who set traps on an estate in the Yorkshire Dales National Park was given
only a police caution.
The charities said that the Home
Office should produce an annual wildlife crime report. The Ministry of Justice
and the sentencing council should provide guidelines on investigation and
prosecution. ?We must protect our
wildlife from horrible deaths,? Elaine
King, the director of Wildlife and Countryside Link, said. ?Scotland has legal
requirements to report on this issue.?
Broker ?attacked wife and her lover? Wetherspoon calls time on
Charlie Parker
A City broker punched his wife to the
ground and beat her lover after finding
them at his �1 million marital home, a
court was told.
Fergus Clarkson, 30, who works for
JP Morgan Asset Management, had
been out with his alleged victim,
Thomas Slattery, and friends in west
London. He is alleged to have returned
to the house in Fulham ?in drink? at
4am on January 27 and grabbed a knife
after finding Mr Slattery and his wife,
Rebecca, there. He is accused of hitting
Mrs Clarkson, with whom he has a son,
in the face and assaulting Mr Slattery
for 15 minutes.
Mr Slattery told magistrates in Hendon, north London, that he thought Mr
Clarkson would not be staying at the
house. He said: ?We were having a bot-
tle of wine and a drink at the kitchen
table. At around 4am Mr Clarkson
appeared at the door of the house.? He
said he hid in the garden before Mr and
Mrs Clarkson, who had been arguing,
came outside. ?He said something like
?get out of my house? and hit me at least
twice in the head,? Mr Slattery said.
Mrs Clarkson said: ?Fergus was
punching Thomas. Fergus pushed me
against the wall and I got bruising to my
Rebecca Clarkson told the court that
her husband punched her in the face
back, arms and hands. He hit the television twice and punched me in the face
and I fell to the floor. After that I managed to get him talking but he was very
aggressive. I said . . . ?How could you do
that with our son upstairs??.?
Henry Fitch, for the prosecution,
said: ?She was there with [Slattery], with
who she was in a relationship, and at
4am Clarkson entered in drink. At
some point Mr Clarkson grabbed a
knife from the kitchen and put it back.?
Mr Clarkson claims that he mistook
Mr Slattery for a burglar. He denies
assaulting him and Mrs Clarkson. He
said: ?It was a calm conversation we
were having. I was trying to ensure that
we resolved things for our son. I did hit
him once after I asked him to leave. I
just felt I had no choice, my son was
upstairs. They were both very drunk.?
The trial continues.
social media . . . via Twitter
Mark Bridge Technology Correspondent
JD Wetherspoon has closed its social
media accounts, saying that Twitter,
Facebook and Instagram encouraged
compulsive behaviour. The pub chain
used Twitter to announce the move.
Tim Martin, the company?s chairman, said: ?We are going against conventional wisdom that these platforms
are a vital component of a successful
business. It?s becoming increasingly
obvious that people spend too much
time on Twitter, Instagram and Facebook and struggle to control the compulsion.? He said that customers could
use the Wetherspoon website and app
to contact the company or speak to pub
managers. Critics dismissed it as a pub-
licity stunt and said that, with 44,000
followers on Twitter and 100,000 on
Facebook, the chain compared poorly
with competitors.
Wetherspoon?s social media accounts
became a focus for criticism of its food
and policies. They were also targeted by
Remainers angered by Mr Martin?s
vocal support for Brexit. The pub chain
had a bad experience with technology
in 2015, when its customer database
was hacked.
The BBC?s Have I Got News for You
programme tweeted: ?Wetherspoon
delete their social media accounts,
claiming people are ?struggling to control the compulsion to use it? ? unlike
alcohol, which people can famously
take or leave.?
16
Tuesday April 17 2018 | the times
2G M
News
PHIL YEOMANS/BNPS
Threats sent to
architect who said
Riba was racist
Jonathan Morrison
Architecture Correspondent
Seats of power Emma Telford is halfway through the restoration of two of the first Duke of Marlborough?s campaign chairs
One of Britain?s leading architects has
revealed that she was threatened after
accusing her professional body of
?institutionalised racism?.
Elsie Owusu, who was born in Ghana
and appointed OBE in 2003, will begin
her campaign to become the next president of the Royal Institute of British
Architects this morning, despite insisting that ?there is still embedded discrimination within Riba and the profession?. She added that Riba still ?has
its own [Harvey] Weinstein-like problem with sexism and racism?.
Ms Owusu, 65, said that she was sent
a letter telling her to ?think very carefully about what you say and do? after
she stood for Riba?s vice-president of
practice and profession in 2015 and told
The Times that ?discrimination and
treating black people worse than other
staff goes through architecture like a
stick of rock?. She said that the letter
referred to ?a children?s tale about a
donkey that died for failing to obey its
master?.
Ms Owusu?s MP, Karen Buck, reported the letter to the police but the architect claims that several members of
Riba?s 60-strong ruling council, on
which she has served for nearly three
years and has described as a ?kind of
boys? club?, insisted that she should
apologise to the author instead.
Ms Owusu also alleged that other
members and staff who complain of
harassment are made to sign non-disclosure agreements in a ?Weinsteinlike way, so people are scared and won?t
talk?.
She hopes to be the first black president of the 184-year-old body after
being nominated by Sir David Adjaye,
designer of the Smithsonian National
Museum of African American History
and Culture in Washington, and Lord
Rogers of Riverside, responsible for the
Lloyd?s of London headquarters.
?There?s no point in standing outside
and bellyaching when you can get inside and do something,? she said. ?It?s an
old oil tanker that?s not going to be
turned around in a few years but 25
years on from Stephen Lawrence [the
aspiring architect who was murdered
by racists], change is necessary and
change has to be driven from the top.?
Ms Owusu will face at least one rival
candidate: Alan Jones, who pledges to
make Riba ?more nimble, relevant and
engaging?. At the last presidential elections, Mr Jones was the runner up to
Ben Derbyshire, whose term expires in
September 2019.
The profession remains one of the
least diverse in the UK, with 94 per cent
of architects defined as white, according to The Architects? Journal in 2015. Of
Elsie Owusu said
that architecture
has a ?Weinsteinlike? racism and
sexism problem
Riba?s 27,000 chartered architects,
4,000 are women. The seven-year qualification is seen as a particular barrier to
students from an ethnic minority background, with drop-out rates as high as
90 per cent, which Ms Owusu, a former
board member of the Arts Council and
National Trust, has pledged to tackle.
?I want to encourage BAME [black,
Asian and minority ethnic] architects
to start their own businesses as the
mainstream practices just aren?t employing them,? she said. ?I?ll be working
with Sadiq Khan [the mayor of London]
to secure work for them. But architects
in general are not valued enough by
society. With Brexit, there?s a huge opportunity to look at the Commonwealth and its huge market of 1.2 billion
people in dynamic economies; Riba
should be leading the way and securing
jobs.? Riba declined to comment.
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the times | Tuesday April 17 2018
17
1G M
News
HULTON ARCHIVE/GETTY IMAGES
Critic takes a pop
w
at Queen?s show
S
haggy?s most
famous song, It
Wasn?t Me,
recounts the
unconvincing
denials of a man found
in flagrante delicto with
his neighbour (Matthew
Moore writes).
The Jamaican rapper?s
sexually charged songs
are an unlikely choice
for a 92nd birthday
party. Especially one for
the Queen. The wisdom
of booking
Shaggy and a
host of youthorientated pop acts
including Kylie Minogue
and Craig David to
perform at the Queen?s
birthday concert at the
Royal Albert Hall on
Saturday has been
questioned by a royal
biographer. The former
Tory MP Gyles
Brandreth has has been
friends with the Duke of
Shaggy, Kylie Minogue and a George Formby tribute band will perform at the Queen?s birthday concert
Edinburgh
for 40 years
and said
that the
Queen should
be spared the chore
of feigning pleasure
in music she did not
like.
?In a reign longer
than any other
monarch in our history
the Queen really has
seen it all. And my
feeling is that by now
she?s probably seen
enough,? he writes in
Radio Times.
He acknowledged
efforts to have acts from
the Commonwealth:
Minogue is Australian
and the line-up also
features the Canadian
pop star Shawn Mendes
and the South African
choral group Ladysmith
Black Mambazo.
He urged greater
efforts, however, to cater
to the Queen?s taste. On
Sunday the organisers
said that the band of the
Drinking coffee could keep your
heartbeat going strong, say doctors
Oliver Moody Science Correspondent
Drinking up to four cups of coffee a day
is likely to curb the risk of abnormal
heart rhythms, researchers have found.
In some studies caffeine, which is
abundant in coffee, tea, chocolate and
energy drinks, has been linked to
changes in the ?pacemaker? cells in the
heart?s atrium. For this reason patients
with an irregular heartbeat are sometimes advised to avoid it.
Yet a modest caffeine intake is probably mildly protective, according to a
review of evidence by cardiologists in
Australia.
While there are signs that caffeine
may trigger a rapid and uneven heartbeat known as atrial fibrillation in a
minority of people, it seems to have the
opposite effect on most of us. In 2011 a
study that followed 130,000 people for
17 years found that the 25 per cent who
drank the most coffee were 40 per cent
less likely to be hospitalised with arrhythmias than the 25 per cent who
drank the least.
Another paper, published in 2014 and
involving 228,000 participants, concluded that for every extra 300mg of
caffeine a day ? equivalent to three
shots of espresso ? the risk of atrial
fibrillation fell by 6 per cent.
Peter Kistler, head of electrophysiology research at Alfred Hospital in
Melbourne, and the senior author of
the review, said that in the long run
caffeine might help to limit biological
stress and mitigate the damage to tissue
from highly reactive oxygen molecules.
?Caffeinated beverages such as
coffee and tea may have long term anti-
arrhythmic properties mediated by
antioxidant effects and antagonism of
adenosine,? he said.
?In numerous population-based
studies, patients who regularly consume coffee and tea at moderate levels
have a lower lifetime risk of developing
heart rhythm problems and possibly
improved survival,? he said.
The paper by Dr Kistler and his
colleagues, which is published in the
journal JACC: Clinical Electrophysiology, is a summary of research rather
than new evidence in its own right.
It cites studies showing that high
doses of caffeine flood heart cells with
calcium and boost the levels of adrenaline in the brain and bloodstream.
In one experiment, however, rats
were given 15mg of caffeine for every
kilogram of body weight and all devel-
oped a form of heart arrhythmia
known as ventricular fibrillation. To get
an equivalent dose, though, humans
would have to drink at least 30 cans of
Coca-Cola or ten shots of espresso in a
single sitting.
At least half a dozen groups of
researchers have tried to get a more
accurate picture of the risks involved by
giving either caffeine pills or a placebo
to people with a history of irregular
heartbeat. Daily doses as high as
500mg, equivalent to approximately six
cups of coffee, did not led to any greater
danger of arrhythmia.
A number of large-scale studies have
also shown that regular tea or coffee
drinkers are less likely to die from heart
problems and may also face a lower risk
of stroke, heart failure and coronary
heart disease.
Genetic clues offer hope of new prostate cancer treatments
Chris Smyth Health Editor
Dozens of lines of attack against prostate cancer have been opened by the
most comprehensive genetic study of
the disease.
Scientists have found 80 genetic
mutations that could be targeted by
drugs and identified other genes involved in helping tumours to grow. This
offers the hope not only of finding new
medicines within a few years but also of
improving knowledge of a relatively
poorly understood disease.
Prostate cancer recently overtook
breast cancer to become Britain?s third
most fatal form of the disease, killing as
it does almost 12,000 men a year. The
number of annual cases, which is at
present about 47,000, is expected to
grow steadily as the population ages,
making prostate cancer the most common form of the disease in little more
than a decade.
There is concern, however, about the
lack of treatments. Women have had a
screening programme for breast cancer
for three decades but there is none for
prostate cancer and only a few medicines are available. In an effort to close a
research gap ? twice as much has been
spent on breast cancer as on prostate
cancer in the past 15 years ? Theresa
May has promised � million.
One of the main problems with prostate cancer treatment is an inability to
distinguish aggressive cases that will
quickly prove fatal from slow-growing
tumours that can safely be left for
decades without causing any problems.
The latest study sequenced DNA
from 112 tumours, combined with samples from 930 other patients, analysing
the genetic patterns for clues to why
cancers behave as they do. Ros Eeles, of
the Institute of Cancer Research in
London, who led the research, said it
had uncovered ?a wealth of new information about prostate cancer?.
The study pinpointed 80 proteins involved in the development of cancers.
Of these 11 are targeted by drugs used to
treat other cancers, suggesting that
they could be used against prostate
tumours. The remaining 62 offer new
targets for future drug developments,
the scientists report in Nature Genetics.
?Our study will help focus our efforts on
the areas that offer most promise for
patient benefit,? Professor Eeles said.
George Formby Society
had been added to the
bill, suggesting
last-minute efforts to
make the line-up more
appropriate. The Queen
once claimed to know
all Formby?s songs.
The concert will be
broadcast on BBC One
and Radio 2 at 8pm.
British firm
accused over
miner deaths
Jonathan Ames, Frances Gibb
A British mining company has been
accused of allowing security guards in
Mozambique to shoot, beat and sexually abuse more than 100 people.
Lawyers have issued High Court
proceedings in London against Gemfields over its alleged activity around a
mine in northern Mozambique, which
it owns through a subsidiary.
The lawsuit says that subsistence
miners and people living nearby suffered ?serious human rights abuses? at
the hands of security forces at the
Gemfields? mine. Four of the claimants
are bringing cases on behalf of their
sons who they say were shot dead by
guards at the Ruby Mine.
Gemfields produces coloured gemstones and was bought last year by
Pallinghurst, another British company.
Gemfields claims to be ?a world leading supplier of responsibly sourced
coloured gemstones?, but lawyers for
the claimants have said that the company?s public profile is hypocritical.
Matthew Renshaw, a lawyer at Leigh
Day, which is representing the claimants, said: ?Gemfields has a responsibility to the communities in which it
mines, and from where it sources its
immense wealth, to ensure that those
who work for it or on its behalf respect
local laws and international standards.?
A spokeswoman for Gemfields said
that the company was taking the allegations extremely seriously. She said that
it ?denounced any form of violence or
abuse, and will vigorously defend our
hard-earned reputation as a leading
supplier of responsibly sourced coloured gemstones?.
18
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Tuesday April 17 2018 | the times
News
Public have lost trust in
charities, says watchdog
Greg Hurst Social Affairs Editor
Charities have forfeited so much public
trust that people are no longer willing
to give them the benefit of the doubt,
the sector?s new regulator has said.
Oxfam aid workers using prostitutes
in Haiti, sexual harassment by Save the
Children executives and the Presidents
Club?s fundraising dinners made people
question whether charities were fulfilling their founding purposes, Baroness
Stowell of Beeston said.
In her first speech as chairwoman of
the Charity Commission, the former
leader of the House of Lords said that
her overriding aim was to work with the
sector to regain public trust. She was
imposed as the regulator in February
by ministers against the wishes of a
cross-party group of MPs who said that
she lacked experience of charities. She
told charity leaders at the annual conference of the National Council for Voluntary Organisations (NCVO), however, that her role was ?not to represent
charities to the public but to represent
the public interest to you?.
Lady Stowell told them that research
had suggested people now trusted
charities no more than they would trust
the average stranger they met on the
street. ?That means charities can no
longer expect the public to give them
the benefit of the doubt,? she said.
She cited the Oxfam scandal and
sexual misconduct at Save the Children
and referred to the high salaries of
some charity chiefs. ?That?s why people
are so appalled when charity workers
exploit the vulnerable they were sent to
help,? Lady Stowell said. ?That?s why
people feel betrayed when charities
seem to respond to misconduct by pro-
tecting their reputation. And that?s
what leads them to question very high
pay and doubt whether donations make
it to the cause.?
The commission?s priority, she said,
would be to ensure that charities focused solely on delivering results for
those they were founded to help.
Her comments angered some leaders
of small charities. One women was applauded when she told Lady Stowell that
the percentage of charities at which
there had been misbehaviour was small
and the sector wanted her to act as its
champion, not ?downplay? its work.
Lady Stowell said that she had to focus
on public confidence in charities.
Sir Stuart Etherington, the NCVO?s
chief executive, said that charities had
to be prepared to answer tough questions, and said there were plans for a
code of conduct.
Parents claim divorce to win school places
Rosemary Bennett Education Editor
Parents are going to great lengths to get
their children into the best schools,
even pretending that their marriages
have broken down to give the child two
addresses, according to an expert.
More children in England are getting
a place at their first choice of primary
school as the population bulge caused
by the millennial baby boom moves
through the system.
In London, however, one child in
three missed out on their preferred
school, although the pressure is easing
with 2.3 per cent fewer applications this
year than last and more than 1,000
more children getting their first choice.
In Northumberland, 97.3 per cent got
their first pick; 97.04 per cent in Hartlepool; and 96.5 per cent in Cumbria.
Elizabeth Coatman, of the Good
Schools Guide website, said that parents? tactics also included faking baptism certificates to get into church
schools and using private doctors to
provide diagnoses of special needs.
Shining glory Warm sunshine added to the tranquil scenes at Alnwick Castle in
the times | Tuesday April 17 2018
19
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News
PAUL KINGSTON/NNP; LAND OF LIGHT PHOTOGRAPHY/BAV MEDIA; PHIL YEOMANS/BNPS
Officer ?felt forced?
to leak Sir Cliff raid
Matthew Moore Media Correspondent
Northumberland and Loch Shieldaig in the Highlands. There were clear views from Bournemouth pier. Full forecast, page 57
A former detective has told the High
Court that he felt forced to reveal
details of the police raid on Sir Cliff
Richard?s home to a BBC journalist.
Matthew Fenwick, a retired detective
superintendent, said he believed that
Dan Johnson, a reporter, would run a
story about South Yorkshire police?s
investigation into the singer unless he
was told about the search.
Discussing a meeting in July 2014
with Mr Johnson and the force?s head of
corporate communications, Carrie
Goodwin, Mr Fenwick said: ?I believed
the BBC was in a position to publish a
story and I didn?t want them to publish
a story at that stage. [Mr Johnson] said
he could and he would, and we came to
an arrangement that he would not
publish it then, but that we would let
him know when we were going to take
further action. I felt that we didn?t have
many options ? there was no option,
other than to co-operate with him.?
Sir Cliff, 77, is suing the BBC for
?substantial damages? over its coverage
of the raid at his home in Sunningdale,
Berkshire, in August 2014 after an historical allegation of sexual assault.
The singer claims that the report was
a ?very serious invasion? of his privacy.
The BBC disputes this and says that its
reporting of the raid was accurate and
in good faith. It also argues that victory
for Sir Cliff would undermine the
press?s freedom to report on police in-
vestigations. Giving evidence yesterday, Mr Fenwick said it was clear that
Mr Johnson knew the force was investigating an allegation of child sexual
abuse that had been made against Sir
Cliff. He said he did not want Mr Johnson to run a story at the time of the
meeting because it could ?compromise
the investigation?. The force subsequently told Mr Johnson it was considering a search of Sir Cliff?s home, but
declined his request to attend the raid.
Mr Fenwick said: ?It did not seem as
though it would be possible to stop Dan
Johnson from reporting the story altogether, but I was very concerned that if
he reported it now, as he said he was
ready to, then the investigation would
be prejudiced. In particular, publishing
a story could cause problems with a
search warrant which we were not
ready to do yet.
?At the back of my mind I was thinking that it would not only compromise
the investigation but could also
compromise Sir Cliff Richard by exposing him to allegations, potentially
giving him the opportunity to dispose
of evidence.?
A man had claimed that he was sexually assaulted as a teenager by the
singer in the 1980s. Sir Cliff denied the
allegation and in June 2016 prosecutors
said that he would face no charges. A
BBC spokesman has said that it
reported Sir Cliff?s ?full denial of the
allegations at every stage?.
The hearing is due to last ten days.
the times | Tuesday April 17 2018
21
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News
Law students will have points docked for short skirts
Frances Gibb Legal Editor
The dark pin-striped suit may be a thing
of the past, but woe betide any wouldbe barrister who breaches an unofficial
dress code by wearing coloured socks
or shirts. As for aspiring women barristers, they must not display any liking for
?kinky boots? or fancy tights or stockings. And when it comes to skirts, there
must be no baring of the knees.
The strict rules for ?sober and discreet? outfits have been issued to students at BPP University Law School in
London, the second biggest law school
in the UK and a private university.
Those who fail to abide by the detailed guide to clothing may be deducted between one and three points for
committing ?offences of professional
conduct? when they are assessed on
their advocacy and witness handling.
The worse offence is to leave the top
button of a shirt undone which means
minus two points for men and three for
women, if their bra shows. If in doubt,
?cleavage should not be on show?.
Women must keep their shirts done up
and their tights or stockings plain or
simple.
The advice tells barristers that ?ideally men?s suits should be double-breasted or three-piece. If you wear a singlebreasted jacket, you do need to do it up.?
It adds: ?you are not supposed to show
your shirt over the stomach.?
Ties must be sober and discreet.
Shirts should be plain. ?A simple and
subtle stripe is OK. Solid coloured shirts
are discouraged but pale blue is probably acceptable.? Men?s shoes must be
black ? women may risk navy and
while they can wear boots, they ?should
avoid stiletto heels buckles, straps etc?.
A three-point penalty is incurred by
wearing boots with short skirts , ?an inappropriate combination for court?.
The guide, reported on the website
Legal Cheek, also deals with behaviour.
Swigging from bottles could incur a
penalty of one or two points, as could
?scruffy? hair or dirty clothes.
Hands in pockets are a definite ?no?
with the severity of the offence judged
by ?how long the hand is in the pocket
and whether it is one or both hands?.
The rules have met with some protest, with a student launching a campaign urging the profession?s regulator,
the Bar Standards Board, to rethink its
?draconian? assessment process.
The Secret Barrister, author of the
anonymous book on the criminal justice system, said: ?While there?s obvious
sense in preparing students to avoid the
sartorial snafus that offend the more
traditional judge, I would rather focus
be trained on eliminating the traits that
cause real courtroom disharmony,
starting with pungent coffee breath.?
VICTORIA JONES/PA
Reign forest A tropical light show was projected on to Buckingham Palace as part of the Queen?s Commonwealth Canopy, a global conservation initiative that seeks to preserve precious areas of forest
warn parents over
Authors turn page on print Police
app used to hide photos
and write straight to audio
Mark Bridge Technology Correspondent
Matthew Moore Media Correspondent
Authors including Ben Okri, Adam
Thirlwell and Sarah Hall are bypassing
print with a collection of short stories
written only for the audio format.
Figures published last week showed
that audiobook sales had doubled in
five years and risen 17 per cent in the
past 12 months.
Nielsen Book Research indicated
that the medium was particularly popular with male commuters.
The audio-exclusive fiction collection is being released by Audible, the
company bought by Amazon in 2008.
The 18 original stories are in
three strands ? Bard, Jali
and Skald ? all of
which explore themes
of arrival and discovery.
Bard focuses on intelligent literary dramas,
and includes a story by
Hall, who has twice been
nominated for the
Booker Prize, about
a bereaved young
mother.
Joanne Harris,
who wrote Chocolat, has contrib-
uted a story about a woman?s anxious
wait for her husband to return from a
business trip. The comic writer Adam
Thirlwell has written about a couple?s
yearning to adopt a daughter.
The Jali collection aims to deliver
?smart and surreal? science fiction,
with authors including Nikesh Shukla,
who was shortlisted for the Costa first
novel award, and Chris Beckett, whose
novel Dark Eden won the 2013 Arthur C
Clarke Award.
Okri, the poet and novelist who won
the 1991 Booker prize for fiction for The
Famished Road, has written The Multiverse Murder, a short story about a detective trying to solve a crime while the
?very fabric of reality? is being torn.
?Writing this story for audio was an
irresistible challenge and an unmitigated delight. I think it is a magical
medium for the imagination,? Okri
said. ?The Multiverse Murder is my
first crime story and reveals unexpected possibilities. I loved the
whole experience.?
Hall, whose novels include The Electric MiJoanne Harris, the
author of Chocolat,
has written one of
the 18 stories
chelangelo and How to Paint a Dead
Man, said that it had been a pleasure to
return to traditions of aural storytelling.
?Like many other people, my first experience of stories was their being told
to me by a captivating narrator ?
mother, teacher, radio voices,? she said.
?The voice of the story itself really matters: it becomes the voice of your
thoughts, the voice of your imagination. To go back to this critical factor as
part of a commission is a wonderful reminder of that original conveyance of
the form.?
The stories are being released as free
podcasts to Audible members. The
company has previously commissioned exclusive audio content from
Margaret Atwood, who wrote The
Handmaid?s Tale, and Philip Pullman,
creator of His Dark Materials and a fictionalised biography of Jesus.
Laurence Howell, Audible UK?s director of content, said that the format
allowed writers the freedom to experiment with new genres.
Audiobook sales account for 5 per
cent of book sales in the UK and 7 per
cent of fiction sales by value. Research
by Rajar, the radio audience monitor,
suggests that 5.5 million Britons listen
to at least one podcast a week.
A calculator app on your teenager?s
smartphone might look like evidence
that maths homework is finally being
taken seriously.
However, police say that one app
that resembles a calculator is really a
repository for pictures that your child
might not want you to see.
The Private Photos (Calculator%) app has a calculator icon
and opens to a functioning
keypad interface. However,
when the user enters a four-digit
code they are taken to folders
in which they can store images
away from their ordinary
?photos? folder.
The app can be used by
adults who are security
conscious. However, critics
have complained that on
Apple?s App Store and the
Google Play store it is
marked as being suitable for
children, who could use it to
conceal sexual or other unsuitable
images.
Photos advertising the app include
one showing a woman?s cleavage. The
app is free or for �99 users can upgrade
to the full version, which deploys
the phone?s camera to photograph
?intruders? who have entered the
wrong passcode.
Durham police has alerted parents to
the app and said that it formed part of
an investigation, although it did not
specify how the app is alleged to have
been used.
Photo apps have previously been
cited in cases in which sexual predators
have targeted children.
A Durham police spokesman said:
?The app is essentially a secret photo
album that children can use to hide
photos or videos from their
parents. The photos are
hidden from view behind an
icon that looks like a calculator.
?We would urge parents to
be vigilant and discourage
their children from using such
an app.?
One reviewer wrote: ?This
innocuous little app is awesome. Looks like a calculator.
Acts like a calculator. But it?s
Fort Knox in disguise, keeping
things you want private totally
hidden.?
The Times has reported on the Yellow
app, which has been likened to ?Tinder
for teens?. When users ?liked? each
other they could connect on Snapchat,
the picture- messaging service that is
often used for sending sexual content.
Other apps popular with children
have been blamed for encouraging
bullying. The developer of the Private
Photos app did not respond to a request
for comment.
22
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Tuesday April 17 2018 | the times
News
MERCURY PRESS
Ketamine a step closer to
being prescribed on NHS
Norman castle wall puts neighbour in fear of invasion
It is the last ivy-clad remnant of a
Norman Castle and to many a
picturesque ruin. But to Rob Stockdale
the 40ft-high stone wall is just a
danger to his home. Mr Stockdale, 66,
has lived in the shadow of what is left
of Malefant Castle in Llanmaes, Vale
of Glamorgan, for eight years and
wants to reduce it to eye level. The
wall is protected by Cadw, the Welsh
historic environment service, which
has invited its owner, David Thomas,
a farmer, to apply for a grant towards
the �,000 cost of making it safe.
Ketamine, an anaesthetic with a
reputation as a party drug, has shown
promise as a treatment for depression
and could be used to prevent suicides,
according to a study. Scientists looked
at 68 people at risk of suicide. Half
took esketamine, part of the ketamine
molecule, via a nasal spray twice a
week for a month and felt their
symptoms ease within 24 hours. After
a day, the advantage the drug had
over the placebo started to wear off
but psychiatrists said it could be used
as a short-term treatment, with
antidepressants, which can take a
month to be effective. The study, by
Yale School of Medicine and Janssen
Research and Development, is in The
American Journal of Psychiatry.
British company accused of allowing shootings at mine
A British mining company has been
accused of allowing security guards in
Mozambique to shoot, beat and
sexually abuse more than 100 people.
Four claimants say their sons died.
Lawyers have issued High Court
proceedings in London against
Gemfields over its alleged activity at
the mine, which it owns through a
Paperboy, 63, jailed after
arson attack on employer
An adult paperboy
has been jailed for
setting fire to his
employer?s home.
Neil Hitchin, 63,
left, of Newchurch,
Lancashire, was
angry with Adrian
Watts, 60, a newsagent, because his
benefits were cut to take account of
his wages. He poured white spirit
through Mr Watts?s letterbox in
Waterfoot and lit it at 2am on July 14
last year. Mr Watts and his wife
escaped the fire and recognised
Hitchin on CCTV. He admitted arson
at Burnley crown court and was jailed
for three and a half years. He was also
banned for life from contracting the
Watts or approaching their shop.
subsidiary. The lawsuit says that
subsistence miners suffered ?serious
human rights abuses? at the hands of
security forces at the mine. Gemfields
said it ?denounced any form of
violence or abuse, and will vigorously
defend our hard-earned reputation as
a leading supplier of responsibly
sourced coloured gemstones?.
Pair in court over British Bardot?s �0,000 fortune
Smurftastic! Eve Lott, 3, looked scarcely human after getting up to mischief with
face paints. Her mother, Juliette, from London, said it took 90 minutes to wash off
Parents of Alfie Evans lose latest legal challenge
The parents of a 23-month-old boy on
life support have failed in their latest
attempt to have him treated abroad.
Tom Evans, 21, and Kate James, 20,
had asked the Court of Appeal to rule
that Alfie Evans be allowed to leave
Alder Hey Children?s Hospital in
Liverpool for treatment in Rome. The
judges rejected the request but said
that the couple could go to the
Supreme Court for a final time. In
February Mr Justice Hayden ruled
that doctors could stop treating Alfie,
who has a degenerative neurological
condition, after hearings in the family
division of the High Court.
An actress once described as Britain?s
Brigitte Bardot was conned into
leaving her �4,000 estate to
two fraudsters, a court was told.
Claire Gordon, right, died in
April 2015 at the age of 74.
Southwark crown court was
told that Iain McMaster, 70,
and Morris Benhamu, 42,
falsely represented that the
star of the sex comedies
Suburban Wives and
Commuter Husbands had
been in ?a fit and proper
state? to sign a will in her name in
2014 and that she ?genuinely intended
to bequeath the whole of her
estate? to them. The two men
each deny fraud and conspiracy
to defraud. Mark Halsey, for the
prosecution, said that although
Gordon did not have children
she had cousins and a muchloved goddaughter who
may have thought that
they were in line for a
share. The trial
continues.
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the times | Tuesday April 17 2018
23
1G M
News
Grenfell fire ?would
not have spread
without cladding?
David Brown Chief News Correspondent
Sean O?Neill Chief Reporter
The Grenfell Tower fire spread because
?combustible? cladding was installed on
the 24-storey block, a report for the
criminal investigation into the blaze
has concluded.
The fire, which started in a fridgefreezer and killed 72 people, would not
have spread to other flats without a
� million cladding scheme to make
the block look more attractive. Gaps
around windows and dozens of missing
or faulty door closers on the 120 flats
were also to blame for failing to limit
the fire?s spread in June last year.
A draft of the technical report by
BRE Global, which issues fire safety
certificates for building materials, highlighted problems with the tower, the
Evening Standard reported yesterday.
Scotland Yard, which commissioned
the report, announced in December at
the start of the public inquiry that officers were considering criminal offences
of manslaughter, corporate manslaughter, misconduct in public office
and breaches of fire safety legislation.
The report recorded what it called
deficiencies in the recladding, finished
in 2016 for the Kensington and Chelsea
Tenant Management Organisation,
the social housing arm of the Royal
Borough of Kensington and Chelsea
(RBKC). The ?cavity barriers? between
the original concrete exterior and cladding were too small so created a chimney effect that caused flames to spread
from the fridge-freezer, the report said.
The aluminium composite material
in the fa鏰de had a polyethylene core
that ?appears to be highly combustible?.
The new window frames were
150mm narrower than the concrete
structure and the gap was filled with a
rubberised membrane, foam insulation
and uPVC panels, none of which would
provide 30 minutes of fire resistance.
The gap became a ?direct route for fire
spread around the window frame into
the cavity of the fa鏰de . . . and from the
fa鏰de into the flats?, the report said.
It concluded: ?The original fa鏰de of
Grenfell Tower comprising exposed
concrete and, given its age, likely timber or metal frame windows, would not
have provided a medium for fire to
spread up the external surface. In BRE?s
opinion . . . there would have been little
opportunity for a fire in a flat in Grenfell Tower to spread to any neighbouring flats.?
Firefighting facilities were described
as ?deficient? with room for just a single
fire engine at the base of the tower.
Grenfell United, a group of survivors
and relatives of those killed, said: ?It
was clear to us the refurbishment was
shoddy and second rate. We raised concerns time and time again. We were not
just ignored but bullied to keep quiet.
?That a refurbishment could make
our homes dangerous and unsafe
shows that the contractors put profit
before lives. It?s an industry that is broken. It?s also an industry that has been
allowed to get away with this behaviour.?
An RBKC spokesman said: ?We hope
full disclosure of all the evidence, tested
by the inquiry judge, will deliver the
answers to ensure this never happens
again.?
A Metropolitan Police spokeswoman
said: ?We are disappointed that an
interim draft report appears to have
been leaked and published. To protect
the integrity of the investigation the
[police] will not confirm specifics of the
ongoing investigation.?
RBKC was fined �0,000 for disclosing the names and addresses of 943
people who had vacant homes in response to a freedom of information request by journalists about empty
homes in the borough, the Information
Commissioner?s Office said yesterday.
Daffodil thief?s display of
anger shatters village calm
Jerome Starkey
Countryside Correspondent
The banks of yellow blooms that herald
the arrival of spring are normally a
cause for optimism, but a village in Kent
has been left rattled by a violent row
over its roadside daffodils.
A woman was apparently caught
stealing the flowers and then threw a
plastic bottle at her accuser.
Valerie Stead, 70, was walking her
dog when she saw a woman loading
flowers into a Toyota Rav4 near the
recreation ground in Burham. ?The
woman had armfuls of daffodils which
are obviously the property of the people
of the village,? Mrs Stead?s husband,
Bill, said.
Burham was voted Kent?s village of
the year in 2008 and Mr Stead,
who is vice-chairman of the
parish council, said that it
took great pride in the
flowers.
?When my wife challenged her, this woman
started to lambast her with
swearwords she had never
heard before. The air was quite
blue, and there was a three-year-
old in the back of the car,? Mr Stead, 80,
said. He saw the argument from his
house near by and went to his wife?s aid.
He said that the quantity of daffodils
involved made him think that the
woman may have planned to sell them.
The woman, who was thought to be
in her early thirties, said that she was
picking them for the boy?s grandmother. When Mr Stead, a retired businessman, confronted the woman he was
also abused, he said. ?The woman said
to me, ?Is that your effing wife? She?s
mad! You want to get her in?,? he said.
The woman was about to drive away
when she wound down the window and
threw a plastic water bottle at Mrs
Stead. ?She said, ?I know where you
effing live?,? Mr Stead added. ?It?s so
nasty stealing daffodils that you can
buy for a pound.?
A spokeswoman for Kent
police said it had received reports that ?a woman was
seen picking daffodils from a
flowerbed maintained by the
local parish council? and that it
was investigating the incident.
?Armfuls? of daffodils were being
taken from the side of the road
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the times | Tuesday April 17 2018
25
1G M
Censorious snowflakes
deserve to be heard
Hugo Rifkind
Page 27
Comment
Corbyn?s hatred of Blair warps his world view
The far left?s piety about the legality of airstrikes is just a smokescreen for an anti-imperialist, anti-capitalist fanaticism
Rachel
Sylvester
@rsylvestertimes
A
s Britain prepared to join
the US and France in
launching airstrikes on
Syria last Friday, the
Russian embassy in
London held a press conference. In
an ornate gilded room overlooking
Kensington Gardens, journalists
were shown a short film of Tony
Blair speaking about the war in
Iraq. The succession of clips
demonstrated the disintegration of
the former prime minister?s
certainty about the existence of
weapons of mass destruction,
culminating in his admission that
mistakes had been made.
The aim was to raise questions
about the reliability of the
intelligence agencies ahead of an
outlandish Russian claim that the
White Helmets, the volunteer
search-and-rescue unit in Syria, had
been responsible for staging the
chemical weapons attack on Douma.
It was the latest attempt to blur the
lines between reality and fantasy,
undermining faith in western
democracy, but it also contained an
undeniable truth on which Russia
skilfully plays: that British foreign
policy is haunted by the past.
The precision airstrikes on Syria
were completely different from the
protracted conflict in Iraq that began
in 2003. The missiles launched at the
weekend had one clear aim: to
destroy chemical weapons that have
repeatedly been used against
civilians by the Assad regime. The
war against Saddam Hussein,
embarked on to find WMD that
turned out not to exist, was
motivated by a desire to achieve
regime change. In Iraq there was
never any credible answer to the
question: ?Why now?? That cannot
be said of Syria. The prime minister
was right to tell MPs in a powerful
statement yesterday that it is a ?stain
on humanity? that an air raid could
take place that left ?children gasping
for life as chemicals choked their
lungs?. The novichok attack in
Salisbury also makes it an urgent
national priority to uphold the global
ban on chemical weapons.
Yet it is inevitable that comparisons
will be made with Iraq ? boosted by
Donald Trump?s ?Mission
Accomplished? tweet. Theresa May
is already being called a ?war
criminal? by left-wingers who use the
This is just political
ideology wrapped up
as moral superiority
same insult about the man they like
to call ?Tony B-Liar?. Some even
accuse her of cynically sending
British forces into action to boost
the Tories? fortunes in next month?s
local elections.
The conspiracy theorists have been
encouraged by the populism of the
Tory Brexiteers articulated most
clearly by Michael Gove?s suggestion
during the EU referendum that ?the
British people have had enough of
experts?. If economists and civil
servants cannot be trusted, can the
public really be expected to listen to
intelligence officers or scientists?
The real dishonesty, however, lies
with Jeremy Corbyn. There are many
credible arguments against military
intervention in Syria. The Labour
leader could follow the principled
pacifist line of his predecessor
George Lansbury, who promised to
disband the army and declared, in
the year that Adolf Hitler came to
power: ?I would abolish the whole
dreadful equipment of war and say to
the world: ?Do your worst?.? There is
also a clear and consistent
protectionist reason to avoid getting
dragged into ?a quarrel in a far-away
country between people of whom we
know nothing?, as Neville
Chamberlain put it.
Yet Mr Corbyn has adopted
neither of these positions in
condemning the Syrian airstrikes.
Instead he has repeatedly called for
any military intervention to be
dependent on the backing of the
UN, which he must know will
never happen because Russia
would veto it in the Security
Council, as it has already on
multiple occasions.
Yesterday the Labour leader called
for the re-establishment of the
independent chemical weapons
inspection regime, which he said had
been approved in 2014, 2015 and
2016, when in fact the continuance
of a mandate for the joint
investigative mechanism set up by
the UN and the Organisation for the
Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
was blocked by Russia last
November. The Labour leader is
either being deliberately misleading
or dangerously naive.
His call for a new War Powers Act,
enshrining the right of MPs to vote
on military action, is also a
distraction. Although the prime
minister should in my view have
recalled parliament last week, this
does not answer the substantive
question of when, or whether, Mr
Corbyn would himself approve
airstrikes if he were in 10 Downing
Street. He challenges the legality
of military action, even though
Stop the War protesters frequently
target their fire on UK links to the US
there are clear humanitarian grounds.
The constitutional demands and
legalistic queries are important in
their own right but they are not the
driving force for the Labour leader.
Mr Corbyn is like a Russian doll ?
UN approval and a parliamentary
vote are the outer shells but at the
heart of his foreign policy is an
anti-imperialist, anti-capitalist,
anti-American core that creates
uncomfortable loyalties. The truth is
that he is instinctively opposed to
western military intervention in
almost all circumstances.
Last week his close ally Diane
Abbott could cite only the Second
World War as an example of action
that Labour would have supported.
As Chris Leslie, the moderate Labour
MP, told his leader during the
Commons debate: ?Those who would
do nothing in pursuit of some moral
high ground . . . should also be held
accountable for once.?
Mr Corbyn?s stance is political
ideology wrapped up as moral
superiority. The Labour left?s hatred
of Mr Blair is out of all proportion to
the reality of a leader who, despite a
catastrophic error of judgment over
Iraq, won three elections. The
betrayal narrative, which suggests
that the former prime minister
deliberately lied about WMD in order
to go to war, is magnified to an
extraordinary extent among Mr
Corbyn?s supporters. To them, Tories
are misguided but Blairites are ?evil
psychopaths?. It?s as if the ability to
win elections, and the compromises
required to achieve power, are
themselves a form of political treason
because they involve deviating from
the true socialist cause.
The past is never a foreign country
in politics. The enduring
Conservative splits over Europe are a
legacy of the 1980s, when Margaret
Thatcher?s increasingly strident
Euroscepticism put her at odds with
pro-Europeans led by Michael
Heseltine and hastened her
departure. But unlike the left-wingers
who seem to see electoral victory as a
form of political defeat, Tories on
both sides of the Europe divide still
revere their former leader who never
lost an election.
Government is about making
difficult choices in the real world,
not pretending that they can be
avoided through obfuscation. This
week, Mr Corbyn has shown yet
again that on national security he is
not up to that task.
red box
For the best analysis
and commentary on
the political landscape
thetimes.co.uk
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Tuesday April 17 2018 | the times
Comment
The UN is a disgrace next to the Commonwealth
While tyrants make a mockery of human rights in New York, the Queen?s ?family of nations? thrives
Melanie
Phillips
@melanielatest
T
his week, 53 Commonwealth
heads of government are
meeting in London for their
biennial conference. For
years the Commonwealth,
the multinational body that arose
from the ashes of the British Empire,
was regarded with indifference by
successive prime ministers. Brexit has
changed all that.
Now the government views the
Commonwealth as a valuable
potential source of increased British
trade and influence.
At the same time, there?s
controversy over whether Prince
Charles should become its head on
the death of the Queen, whose deep
commitment to her ?family of
nations? has been such a
distinguishing feature of her reign.
Cue attacks on the
Commonwealth as a useless relic of
discredited imperialism and supine
monarchism. Professor Philip
Murphy, director of the Institute of
Commonwealth Studies, says it can
survive only by severing its links
with the royal family.
In an article a few days ago, he
scorned the notion that the
Commonwealth could be of the
slightest use after the ?unmitigated
disaster? of Brexit. His new book,
The Empire?s New Clothes: The Myth
of the Commonwealth, accuses it of
hypocrisy, irrelevance and
meaninglessness.
Strikingly, the UN is never
subjected to this kind of attack, even
though the consequences of its
deficiencies as the designated
policeman of the world are of far
greater importance.
The chemical weapons attack in
Syria has exposed yet again the
chronic failure of the UN to uphold
security, freedom and the rule of law.
Although Russia brokered the 2013
deal guaranteeing the destruction of
Syria?s chemical weapons, its ally
President Assad has continued to use
them. Yet the UN has not sanctioned
Russia for this. Instead, it remains a
member of the UN Security Council
where last week it again blocked an
investigation into Syria?s use of
chemical weapons.
Worse than this, in a grotesque
How many resolutions
were passed on abuses
in China, Egypt, Iraq?
development Syria will next month
assume the presidency of the
65-nation UN Conference on
Disarmament, the very body that
produced the treaty against chemical
weapons that Syria has traduced.
The UN routinely makes a
mockery of the very values it is
pledged to uphold. Members of the
UN human rights council include
such notable exponents of
democracy and human rights as
China, Cuba, Egypt, Qatar, Pakistan,
Venezuela, Iraq, Saudi Arabia and
the United Arab Emirates. At the
conclusion of its four-week session
last month, the council had passed
one resolution on North Korea, one
on Iran, two on Syria and no fewer
than five on democratic Israel. How
many resolutions were passed on
human rights abuses in China,
Cuba, Egypt, Qatar, Pakistan,
Venezuela, Iraq, Saudi Arabia and
the UAE? Zero.
No one bats an eyelid at this. The
charter of the Commonwealth
commits it to upholding democracy,
human rights, international peace
and security, freedom of expression,
the rule of law and so on. Its member
states may be imperfect but at least
the Commonwealth tries to hold
offenders to account if they cross its
red lines.
In 1995 it suspended Nigeria after
it executed nine environmentalists;
in 2002 it suspended Zimbabwe
(which eventually left) after violence
during the presidential election; in
2006 and 2009 it suspended Fiji after
a military coup and the abrogation of
the constitution; and in 1999 and
2007 it suspended Pakistan for
imposing dictatorial powers.
By contrast, the UN treats tyrants
as legitimate players on the global
political stage. The problem is
inherent in the belief that the UN?s
world membership confers legitimacy.
Much of the world, though, is run by
tyrannical regimes. The notion that
including bad people in a global body
will draw their poison is a fantasy.
The reality is that the tyrants hold the
democrats hostage.
Far from embodying nostalgia for
imperialism, the Commonwealth?s
historic links with Britain mean its
members have a cultural tie to our
values. The UN is based merely upon
abstract ideals of peace and justice to
which member states may have no
cultural affinity at all.
Moreover, the royal link is not an
anachronistic offence against
democracy. It is essential to guard
against the institutionalised abuses
of the UN. The monarchy is a
unifying factor precisely because it
stands above the political fray. Its
one concern is to keep the
Commonwealth show on the road.
By contrast, the UN is a gladiatorial
arena where the biggest bullies win.
The Commonwealth is attractive
to countries that are not aggressive
but value freedom and security.
Australia and New Zealand rate it
as useful in helping maintain peace
and stability in the Pacific.
Singapore and Malaysia see it as
important in helping bolster them
against China.
According to Professor David
Martin Jones, of King?s College
London, the Commonwealth may
now get a new lease of life. It could
be reinvigorated in particular by
India, whose free-trader prime
minister Narendra Modi sees it as
important to the fledgling
superpower?s long-term interests.
The UN is morally bankrupt. It is
not fit for purpose. It never will be
while it treats human rights abusers
as legitimate members and allows
them to operate with impunity.
What we need instead is a United
Democratic Nations which treats
dictators as pariahs. Given that?s not
going to happen any time soon,
however, the Commonwealth is
probably as good as it gets.
people adopt? Or has human cloning
already arrived?
Hill will only pay for that place if
the bet was placed online. Isn?t
that ridiculous?
Ann Treneman Notebook
I like my
time with
Emin?s rail
message
I
don?t agree with the critics about
Tracey Emin?s new bright pink
light sculpture at St Pancras. One
critic has branded it ?lame and
unlovely? and slated it as a
familiar example of the ?dismal?
public art made for railway stations.
Another newspaper has dismissed it
as ?garish?.
It is quite clear that these people
do not spend much time in stations.
St Pancras (I still, like the American I
am, often pronounce it ?pancreas?) is
my third home, the link between
London and Derbyshire. I love its
19th-century grandeur. How
marvellous that the Eurostar comes
in here, showing the French that
someone knows how to do railway
stations right.
Now Emin?s words ?I want my
time with you? hang down from the
ceiling, right in front of the giant
Dent clock. It?s a brilliant sentiment,
perfect for a place of hugs and tears,
greetings and farewells. Emin says
that being met after a journey is the
ultimate romantic gesture. I couldn?t
agree more. So many times,
particularly at Heathrow arrivals, I
find myself tearing up as I watch
people greet each other. Garish?
Think again. I predict a hit.
Breakfast beer
H
aving said that, I am not sure
that I want my time ever again
with my fellow passengers on
Saturday. There I was, thinking I
would beat the crowd by going at
8.58am. Yet, puzzlingly, the train
was rammed. I noticed the police
were actually boarding it. Then
I clocked that most of
my fellow passengers
were middle-aged
men with paunches,
bald heads and loud
voices, with an
addiction to
swearing. All had
carrier bags full
of beer.
I checked the
fixtures list.
Sure
enough,
Millwall were playing at
Sheffield United with an
early kick-off. Apparently,
that means that it just has tto be
beer for breakfast. Is there some sort
of football fan identikit that these
Faller at the last
I
bet once a year, whether I need to
or not. I did feel a bit like the
Queen, or at least a high court
judge, as I arrived at
William Hill?s betting
shop in Bakewell,
clutching a copy of The
Times?s Grand National
pull-out section.
The doorway was
fflanked by two
y
young
women
clearly on high alert
for the likes of me.
?Do you need
help?? one asked.
Frankly, it seemed
an almost
r
redundant
q
question.
Of course
I needed help. So she
f
filled
out my forms as I
d
dictated
my picks,
i
interspersed
with questions
such as what betting ?each
way? meant. I handed
over my �.
What an amazing
race! I was so
gripped that I only
realised later that
one of my horses,
M
Milansbar, had finished fifth. But
today I discovered that William
Less is more annoying
M
y friend Richard reports back
from a last-minute dash to
the Royal Academy last week
to catch the Charles I exhibition
before it closed. He sends me a photo
of the caption for The Adoration of
the Shepherds, painted by Jacopo
Bassano, circa 1546. It reads: ?The
rustic quality of his composition
clearly appealed to Charles I, who
acquired no less than 24 paintings by
Jacopo.? Someone has neatly crossed
out the ?less? and written in ?fewer?
instead.
Yes! Of course, it?s ?fewer? in
number, ?less? in size and quantity.
Long live grammar graffiti. How
cheering that pedantry is alive and
well in England today.
Lovey dovey
B
reaking news, literally, from the
collared dove love-nest outside
my husband?s study window.
The eggs have hatched and Mr and
Mrs Dove are so nervous that they
spook if they catch us staring at
them from behind the window. I
never knew nest-watching could be
so compulsive.
@anntreneman
Asking Britain to
apologise for its
Empire is lunacy
Bella d?Abrera
E
mily Thornberry?s call for
Theresa May to apologise
for Britain?s ?historic
wrongs? has caused
bemusement here in
Australia and doubtless other
Commonwealth countries.
What exactly is it that the shadow
foreign secretary is ashamed of? The
British Empire gave the citizens of
Commonwealth countries law and
order, democracy, honest
government and free trade. It
suppressed slavery, internal warfare
and a plethora of barbaric practices.
The British Empire gave its citizens
the opportunity to travel and trade. It
gave them education and
employment. It promoted freedom of
speech, freedom of religion and
equality before the law. Britain helped
save the world from fascists and
hyper-nationalist domination.
It is lunacy to hold people
responsible for the crimes of their
ancestors. Should the Italians
apologise for having invaded England
Western civilisation has
done more than any
other to relieve poverty
in Roman times? Should the French
apologise for 1066? Will Ms
Thornberry apologise to all Ulster
Catholics for the wrongs committed
by her Protestant ancestors who took
part in the anti-Catholic ?Plantation
of Ulster? push in the 1600s?
What is driving this mea culpa
mania? It seems to be a combination
of ideas, beliefs and fears which are
manifesting themselves in a
pathological and ultimately selfdestructive aversion to and rejection
of the positive aspects of British
Empire and western civilisation.
Until as recently as the 1960s,
academia saw the Empire as one that
had committed crimes and was
flawed, but in general was well
meaning and a force for good. Now,
the opposite view has become the
unquestioned orthodoxy.
Rarely, if ever, do historians
acknowledge that western civilisation
has done more than any other to
relieve the plight of the poor and
oppressed. There is moral revulsion at
the very idea of one culture being
seen as better than another. Averse to
the capitalism associated with the
Empire, they also appear to be
exponents of Jean-Jacques Rousseau?s
theory of the ?noble savage?, whose
perfect existence in a paradisiacal
state was corrupted by civilisation and
private ownership.
Perhaps Ms Thornberry should
reconsider her vocation entirely if
she is so ashamed of the institutions
of which she is a part.
Dr Bella d?Abrera is director of the
foundations of western civilisation
programme at the Institute of Public
Affairs in Australia
the times | Tuesday April 17 2018
27
1G M
Comment
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Censorious snowflakes deserve to be heard
Outrage over the BBC?s Enoch Powell documentary shows we need to talk to the young about why free speech matters
Hugo
Rifkind
@hugorifkind
T
he speech should not be
heard, said the people who
were never going to listen
to it anyway, and all for the
sake of other people who
weren?t going to hear it either. Yup,
that again.
Fifty years ago this Friday, Enoch
Powell delivered his shrill ?Rivers of
Blood? speech, in which he sought to
stir terror at the thought of a future
Britain overrun by people with weird
names and funny accents. To mark
the anniversary, the BBC let it be
known that the speech had been
re-recorded for broadcast by the
actor Ian McDiarmid. Whereupon,
as they looked ahead, some were
filled with foreboding.
Actually, less foreboding. More fury.
Thousands protested online.
Denunciations multiplied, like germs
in a dish. The Labour peer Lord
Adonis, a formerly solid figure who
really ought to lay off Twitter for a
bit, let it be known that he had
written to ask Ofcom to prevent the
BBC from going ahead. More wittily,
some suggested that rather than
having it read by McDiarmid, perhaps
best known today for playing the
Emperor Palpatine in the Star Wars
films, it should instead be delivered in
the voice of Keith Harris?s Orville. Or
perhaps, as The Day Today once
suggested of that strange period when
Sinn Fein spokesmen had to be
overdubbed on the news by actors, by
somebody who had been forced to
inhale helium from a balloon.
Inevitably, the whole fight was
foaming with much crud. In fact,
what the BBC ended up broadcasting
on Saturday was a sober
documentary, presented by its media
editor Amol Rajan, in which the
speech was chopped up, discussed
and resoundingly condemned. Still,
nobody much cared about that. The
broadcast had already become a
rallying point for that new breed of
modern reactionary: the pious and
often youthful censor who wants
anything of which they disapprove to
shut up, and die in a fire, and get in
the sea, and to be cast into an
Orwellian memory hole to be
silenced for ever and ever, amen.
Although is that really what they
want? I am less and less sure.
Generation Snowflake is indeed
censorious, but the conflation
between censorship and silencing is
perhaps our presumption, not theirs.
Younger people know that nothing
really disappears any more.
Embarrassing photographs, they also
know, can linger for ever, like the bad
taste of your first alcopops repeating
on you, years later, when you burp.
The outrage of revenge porn, a very
millennial concern, is an outrage
precisely because it never goes away.
Contrast that with lumbering,
neverending battles over the right to
be forgotten, which only seem to be
fought by middle-aged businessmen.
Increasingly, online, I keep seeing the
word ?gammon? used as a term of
insult for men like this. It means
Younger people know
that nothing really
disappears any more
meaty, flushed, larged, ageing and
furious, and I find it cruelly brilliant,
despite obviously being only a few
heavy meals and a hard winter away
from gammon status myself. We
gammons expect the world to bend
to our will in a way that other
demographics, I suspect, actually do
not. The right to be forgotten is a
gammon issue. Younger people know
far better that nothing ever is.
Back on Powell, then, if eradication
isn?t the point, what is? Probably,
objection to the BBC broadcasting
this speech came with an assumption
that posterity was already in the bag.
After all, anybody can grab footage
of the man himself delivering his
speech on YouTube, albeit not all of
it, because much of it was never
recorded. Start from there, and the
idea that rebroadcasting this speech
is a service to history becomes
meaningless. Powell is not in danger
of being forgotten. Similarly
meaningless, when a well-known
controversialist has half a million
Twitter followers, is the idea that
removing them from any one
particular university debate denies
them free speech. In both cases, the
granting of a platform comes to look
like an accolade.
Needless, to say, that?s not what
the BBC thought it was doing. I, too,
am of the view that to deliver an
accolade you have to actually praise
something rather than just
acknowledge its existence. Yet this
view, I suppose, is grounded in my
own assumption that media in
general should be regarded as
neutral and impartial, unless they
should reveal themselves to be
otherwise. Impartiality is codified in
broadcast media by Ofcom, and
aspired to, albeit only sometimes, by
print. I consider it perfectly possible
for reporters and presenters to
ignore their own biases to get on
with the job. Indeed, I basically think
that?s what the job is. Your
snowflakes, whatever their age, have
none of these assumptions. For
them, ?impartiality? is a mask old
white men wear to hide the gammon
beneath. Distressingly, like a lot of
snowflaky views, this isn?t quite as
wrong as I?d like it to be. Right in the
middle of Rajan?s documentary,
David Lammy MP made the point
that Powell?s speech had been both
made and received with no thought
for the people he was actually talking
about: the largely Commonwealth
immigrants who had come to a
country they thought would
welcome them, often literally
because they were asked to. He was
right, and no amount of studied
impartiality was going to make that
otherwise objective observation
occur to a white public schoolboy as
viscerally as it did to him. We are all
of us impartial, in other words, just
sometimes in different directions.
I believe in journalistic impartiality,
just as I believe in free speech.
Increasingly, though, I am coming to
realise that neither can be defended
by merely hectoring the people who
increasingly don?t believe in either.
Instead, the argument for both must
be rebuilt from the ground up, but
this time with a little more thought
about the generation with whom we
are arguing. In 15 to 20 years? time,
after all, the whip hand will be theirs.
28
1G M
Letters to the Editor should be sent to
letters@thetimes.co.uk or by post to
1 London Bridge Street, London SE1 9GF
Letters to the Editor
The PM and the Windrush migrants? plight
Video-link justice
Sir, Recently a 17-year-old boy was
sentenced to ten years? imprisonment
by video link, without consultation
with his youth offending team officer.
The boy will have been alone (save for
a prison officer) in a small room at the
prison when he heard his sentence.
The evidence shows that children
struggle to understand and to
participate effectively in a physical
court. Research by the Standing
Committee on Youth Justice,
published today, shows that this is
exacerbated when they are hundreds
of miles from the actual court and are
separated from their lawyer and carer
by a video screen. It raises concerns
that video links make it harder for
children to comprehend the
seriousness of their crimes, and may
prejudice outcomes.
Despite this, the government is
pressing ahead with proposals to
increase the use of video links as part
of the digital court reform
programme. We urge the government
to halt the expansion of justice by
video link for child defendants until
we know its effects. Until then, we
argue for a firm presumption against
the use of video links for child
defendants, except in the most
exceptional circumstances.
martha spurrier, director, Liberty;
kamini gadhok, CEO, Royal
College of Speech and Language
Therapists; professor loraine
gelsthorpe, director, Institute of
Criminology, University of
Cambridge; lesley tregear,
chairwoman, Association of Youth
Offending Team Managers;
chris henley, qc, vice-chairman,
Criminal Bar Association
Plus a further 52 signatories at
thetimes.co.uk/letters
Pesto with gusto
Sir, You list four traditional ingredients
for pesto ? basil, pine nuts, parmesan
and olive oil (?Bamboo, carrot and
potato found in supermarket pesto?,
Apr 14). But surely there are five basic
ingredients for pesto? Your list omits
the essential garlic.
james windle
Minehead, Somerset
Sir, As the child of Caribbean
immigrants, the son of a wartime
British Army sergeant and the brother
of one of the UK?s first black hospital
matrons, I am affronted by Whitehall?s
cavalier treatment of the children of
the Windrush generation (report, Apr
16). As the former chairman of the
Equality and Human Rights
Commission, I am outraged at the
callousness and betrayal of trust by
ministers towards people born under a
flag that once promised no distinction
between its subjects.
I was born, unexpectedly, in
London, the last of ten children. Had
my parents chosen a later departure, I
too might now be made stateless,
homeless and jobless. Cecil Rhodes
remarked that ?to be born an
Englishman is to win first prize in
life?s lottery?. I was lucky; but 50,000
of my countrymen are now being told
that their lifetime?s contribution to
this country is worth less than a
discarded raffle ticket. The prime
minister speaks often of burning
injustices. This one, perpetrated by
her own colleagues, should be searing
a hole in her conscience.
trevor phillips
Former chairman, Equality and
Human Rights Commission
Sir, In 2003, as home secretary, I
thought that I had resolved
outstanding issues for those across
the former British Empire whose
rights under the 1971 Immigration Act
were (to say the least) obscure. Those
who, to use the language relevant to
legislation, counted themselves as
British subjects but did not have
British passports were offered the
chance to regularise their status.
What we did not presume was that
there would be bureaucratic obstacles
placed in the way of those, including
children from the postwar migrant
influx, who wished to take advantage
of a right that they had presumed
would be automatic. It is time for the
government to clarify that using
normal data that provides a timeline
and an objective verification of identity
? eg, education and health records ?
will be sufficient to secure entitlement.
lord blunkett
Home secretary 2001-04
Health budgets
budgets, it is not a silver bullet. No
one should be disadvantaged by not
taking them up, but crucially the
government must also address the
funding crisis in the NHS and social
care, and end the disjointed
fragmentation of support across the
two systems. Personal health budgets
should not be seen as a substitute.
george mCnamara
Director of policy, Independent Age
Sir, The idea of increasing ?personal
budgets? to manage health and social
care may look politically attractive
but it will not benefit everyone,
particularly older people who have
complex healthcare needs (report and
leader, Apr 16). Indeed, lessons will
need to be learnt about why they
have not been a success thus far.
At Independent Age we hear about
the immense difficulties that older
people face trying to access healthcare
and support and it is questionable
whether personal budgets will make
life easier. The vast majority of older
people want health and care provided
through the NHS and social services
in their area. They are not experts in
brokering care packages, negotiating
contracts or assessing quality.
Personal budgets may also create an
external market that is driven by price
and profit, rather than meeting the
diverse and complex health needs of
an ageing population. Although some
people will benefit from personal
Corrections and
clarifications
6 We said that the pensions regulator
had found Sir Philip Green liable for
support to the BHS pension scheme
(News, Apr 16). Sir Philip has asked us
to make clear that his decision to pay
�3 million into the scheme was
voluntary.
6 The Brixham trawler Pilgrim,
pictured (News, Apr 12) and discussed
(Feedback, Apr 14), is owned and
operated by the Pilgrim Heritage
Sailing Foundation, not, as stated, by
Trinity Sailing.
We are committed to abiding by the
Independent Press Standards
Organisation (?IPSO?) rules and
regulations and the Editors? Code of
Practice that IPSO enforces.
Requests for corrections or
clarifications should be sent by email to
feedback@thetimes.co.uk or by post to
Feedback, The Times, 1 London Bridge
Street, London SE1 9GF
Tuesday April 17 2018 | the times
on this day april 17, 1918
BILL
THROUGH
COMMONS
The Military Service Bill was read a
third time in the House of Commons
by 301 votes to 103. The Prime
Minister and Mr Barnes, the
representative of Labour in the War
Cabinet, pledged the Government to
do everything in their power to
secure the passing of the Home Rule
Bill into law. In an encouraging
speech the Prime Minister told the
House that he had just seen a
general returned from the front, who
Sir, We share the concerns expressed
by the high commissioners of
Caribbean nations and numerous
MPs that the children of Caribbean
migrants who arrived in this country
50 years ago or more have faced loss
of employment, barriers in receiving
Sir, The chief objection to personal
health budgets expressed in your
report was that feckless patients
might spend their money on world
cruises and football tickets. The real
risk, however, is that they will use
their budget to fund so-called
alternative medical treatments that
have been proven to be ineffective or
even dangerous. I fear this is yet
another gimmick on the part of the
government to divert attention from
their underfunding of the NHS, but
the effect will be to increase the
funding shortfall.
dr bob bury
Leeds
said that General Plumer, facing
great odds, was quite confident. ?We
have lost territory,? he said, ?but
nothing vital.? That was the view not
merely of our generals, but of
General Foch: he was sorry to say
that the enemy had inflicted heavy
losses; but they were nothing to the
losses he had sustained. If the Allies
stood together, not giving way to fear
or panic, they would win through.
Before the Irish clause was
reached, on the invitation of the
Government, the House struck out
the section extending the obligation
to military service to ministers of
religion. Mr Denman regretted the
decision to refuse to accept some
hundreds of Grade 1 men for service,
and declared that it would excite no
good feeling towards the Churches
among the laity. Mr Pringle asserted
that the real reason was a revolt
among the Nonconformist ministers
in Wales. Sir George Cave explained
that the Government had taken this
course because the inclusion of
clergymen would curtail religious
ministrations and would only make a
slight addition to our manpower.
healthcare, loss of accommodation
and even threats of removal. The first
black bishop in the Church of
England, the Right Rev Wilfred
Wood, who is a former Bishop of
Croydon, is from Barbados. He has
recently written of his grief and anger
at the treatment meted out to those
now forced into destitution and
denied a British identity that they
have always taken for granted.
We welcome the steps taken
yesterday but remain concerned that
there has been no commitment to a
change in the application of
government policy. Those who grew
up in this country with the official line
that they were the equal of any are still
being told to prove it. We therefore call
upon the British government to
exercise a rule of presumption in
favour of such cases unless they have
evidence to the contrary.
the right rev sarah mullally,
Bishop of London; the right rev
christopher chessun, Bishop of
Southwark; the right rev dr
michael ipgrave, Bishop of Lichfield,
chairman, Council of Christians and
Jews; rabbi david mason, Rabbinical
Council of the United Synagogue;
rabbi danny rich, Senior Rabbi and
CEO, Liberal Judaism
Sir, Plans to expand the use of
personal health budgets should be
welcomed by all those who believe in
the liberal principle of giving people
more control over the public services
they use. As health minister I extended
the right to a personal health budget to
everyone receiving NHS continuing
healthcare. There is evidence linking
these with better outcomes for
patients, while concerns that the
system would be open to widespread
abuse have proved unfounded.
However, the government?s
commitment rings hollow when many
patients already report having their
personal budgets trimmed without any
medical justification. This includes
people with debilitating progressive
conditions such as spinal muscular
atrophy, who have been left unable to
pay for the level of support they need.
Personal budgets have the potential to
transfer power to patients, but that
potential will be realised only if there
are sufficient resources for people to
exercise that power effectively.
norman lamb, mp
Care and support minister 2012-15
Mr Dillon opened the Irish debate
with the assertion that no power on
earth had a moral right to conscript
a single Irishman resident in Ireland
except a body representing the Irish
nation. He warned the Government
that they were embarking on a
course which might have
consequences as far-reaching as the
treatment of the American colonies.
Mr Barnes, speaking as a lifelong
Home-Ruler, asked Irishmen not to
cry out before they were hurt. He
exhorted them to reflect that, if the
war were to be lost because of
Ireland, Home Rule would not be
settled in this generation.
The Prime Minister made it clear
once more that Home Rule was not
offered as a bargain, and told the
Nationalists frankly that if they were
to reject the Bill that would be their
responsibility. The House retained
the Irish clause by 296 votes to 123.
sign up for a weekly email
with extracts from
the times history of the war
ww1.thetimes.co.uk
Free-ranging pets
and fence systems
Sir, I read with some amusement the
concerns expressed over the use of
containment fence systems and the
distress they cause animals (?Lloyd
Webber in hot water over cat collars?,
News, and letter, Apr 16). We used
such a fence system to contain our
golden retriever puppy, Biscuit, but to
little effect. Gradually we increased
the voltage to its maximum. With no
more than a shake of her ears, she
headed off to explore the world
outside (which luckily contained few
cars). She later went on to chew
through a computer cable, knocking
out all the power in the house. She is
still with us, 13 years later.
adrian delso
Iwerne Minster, Dorset
Open all hours?
Sir, The call for foreign tourists to be
charged for entry to museums (Jawad
Iqbal, Thunderer, Apr 13, and letter,
Apr 16) should go further. Generally,
adults should pay for their own leisure
activities, whether high-brow or lowbrow, and mostly they do. It makes no
sense that museums and art galleries
should be singled out for government
subsidy, with the majority of taxpayers
who rarely (if ever) visit these
institutions paying for those who do.
And it would be an improvement if
the hours of admission were extended
into the evenings, rather than
museums closing by 6pm.
brian sharp
Ruislip, Middx
Alien experience
Sir, Further to the correspondence on
scary films (Apr 11, 13 & 14), I recently
took my 13-year-old daughter to the
cinema to see a screening of Alien. To
my surprise it was a certificate 15.
Years ago, while attending my
Regular Commissions Board test at
Westbury in Wiltshire, we were all
allowed the evening off (presumably
because the entire British Army
watched Benny Hill on a Wednesday).
We, the potential officer candidates,
went to see Alien (which was then a
certificate 18) but left the cinema
ashen and trembling. My daughter,
however, batted not an eyelid.
dr anthony j stott
Bristol
Taking a punt
Sir, Sathnam Sanghera?s article ?I
learnt a lot. But I never felt I
belonged? (Times Magazine, Apr 14)
was an interesting critique of
Oxbridge selection. I never knew
what all the fuss was about; why
anyone would want to go and live in
either Oxford or Cambridge was a
mystery. Neither city had a top
football team in my day so it was
Leeds or Newcastle for me ? with
Newcastle (King?s College) the winner.
dr brian french
Chesterfield, Derbyshire
Sir, On the cover of the Times
Magazine Sathnam Sanghera is
pictured in a punt on the Cam beside
the headline ?My problem with
Oxbridge?. Was the problem that he
was unsure where he was punting, as
he appeared to be adopting the
Oxford style rather than the
Cambridge style of punting? Or did
he consider that standing ?in? the
punt would give him less chance of
falling in the Cam?
tony wills
Bromham, Beds
the times | Tuesday April 17 2018
29
1G M
Leading articles
Daily Universal Register
UK: The Prince of Wales and the Duchess
of Cornwall attend a Commonwealth Big
Lunch at the QEII Centre, central London.
Nature notes
Black-headed gulls
have been leaving
the farmland and
built-up areas
where they have
been a common
sight all winter,
and returning to the marshes where they
nest in this country and on the Continent.
Meanwhile, there has been an influx of a
gull that has a totally black head. The little
gull, which is the smallest gull in the UK, is a
graceful flyer. It reminds one more of a tern
and mainly feeds by dipping down to the
surface of the water. Besides its black head,
it has a noticeably dark underside to its
wings. Many of the attractive birds that are
visiting reservoirs, lakes and harbours spent
the winter in the Irish Sea. They are now
crossing Britain on their way to their
summer haunts in the Baltic. derwent may
Birthdays today
Dame Julia Macur,
pictured, Lady Justice of
Appeal, senior presiding
judge for England and
Wales, 61; Heidi
Alexander, Labour MP
for Lewisham East, 43;
Chris Barber, band
leader, Petite Fleur (1959), 88; John Barrett,
former tennis player, BBC tennis
commentator (1971-2006), 87; Sean Bean,
actor, Game of Thrones (2011), 59; Victoria
Beckham, fashion designer and singer, Spice
Girls (1994-2012), 44; David Bradley, actor,
Argus Filch in the Harry Potter films, 76;
Henry Cusick, actor, Lost (2005-10), 51;
Peter Doig, painter, White Canoe (1991), 59;
Douglas Field, circuit judge (2006-15), and
his twin brother, Sir Richard Field, High
Court judge (2002-14), 71; Clare Francis,
author, Unforgotten (2008), and
yachtswoman, 72; Bella Freud, fashion
designer, 57; Jennifer Garner, actress, Dallas
Buyers Club (2013), 46; Jan Hammer,
composer, Miami Vice Theme (1984), 70;
Rt Rev Mike Hill, Bishop of Bristol (200317), 69; Nick Hornby, author, High Fidelity
(1995), 61; Olivia Hussey, actress, Romeo and
Juliet (1968), 67; Rooney Mara, actress, Carol
(2015), 33; Gen Sir John McColl, chairman,
Confederation of Service Charities,
lieutenant-governor of Jersey (2011-16),
deputy supreme Allied commander Europe
(2007-11), 66; John McCririck, racing pundit
and broadcaster, 78; Prof Sir Peter Morris,
transplant surgeon, president, Royal College
of Surgeons of England (2001-04), 84;
Muttiah Muralitharan, cricketer, Sri Lanka
(1992-2010), 46; Paul Nicholls, ten-time
National Hunt champion racehorse trainer,
56; Rungano Nyoni, writer and director,
I Am Not a Witch (2017; 2018 Bafta award),
36; Riccardo Patrese, Formula One racing
driver (1977-93), 64; Jonathan Shalit,
chairman of the InterTalent Rights Group
talent agency, 56; Pete Shelley, singersongwriter and guitarist, the Buzzcocks, 63;
Prof Mike Stroud, physician and explorer,
63; Claire Sweeney, actress, Brookside (19912003), 47; Jo-Wilfried Tsonga, tennis player,
33; Lord (Colin) Tyre, a senator of the
College of Justice in Scotland, 62.
On this day
In 1961 about 1,500 CIA-trained Cuban
exiles landed in the Bay of Pigs with the aim
of starting a rebellion against Fidel Castro.
The last word
?Weapons are like money; no one knows
the meaning of enough.? Martin Amis,
novelist, in Einstein?s Monsters (1987).
Windrush Shambles
A generation of Commonwealth immigrants are lawfully settled in Britain,
yet the government?s policies have put them in fear of deportation
Mass deportation is a policy associated with
tyrannical states such as apartheid South Africa. It
is scarcely conceivable that thousands of people
in Britain have been at risk of that fate. They are
immigrants from Commonwealth countries who
have made this country their home for decades
and conscientiously contributed to its betterment.
Quite rightly they believed that they had the right
to stay. Yet until a belated reversal yesterday, they
were being required to prove that they had been
continuously resident in Britain since 1973.
To have kept records showing residency over
nearly half a century is a bureaucratic obstacle
that few people can surmount. This state of affairs
is not some anomaly. It is the predictable outcome
of policies pursued by Theresa May when she
was home secretary to increase the onus on
people lawfully settled in Britain to prove their
entitlements.
The prime minister has shown scant
imagination in anticipating the problems that this
approach would throw up or a sense of urgency in
rectifying the injustices it has stoked. For Mrs May
and the government, a rethink appeared to start
only yesterday in response to public outrage. If
these second thoughts are to mean anything, they
need to be unsparing in their assessment of the
damage caused by Mrs May?s draconian attitudes
to lawful immigration.
The people affected are part of the ?Windrush
generation? of immigrants. This label refers to the
ship, the Empire Windrush, that brought nearly
500 immigrants from the Caribbean to Britain in
1948. Most were ex-service personnel who had
helped the allied war effort and were seeking a
better life. These passengers were pioneers in a wave
of immigration from Commonwealth countries to
Britain. They put down roots and greatly helped
their adopted country through willingness to do
lower-paid jobs that British workers were
reluctant to take on. The fledgling National
Health Service was a particular beneficiary.
These immigrants in the 1950s and 1960s
naturally brought their children with them and
these children have long since grown up. They
have worked and lived in Britain all their adult
lives and are now of pensionable age. Their rights
were guaranteed in the 1971 Immigration Act,
passed by the Conservative government of Edward
Heath, which gave Commonwealth citizens living
in Britain indefinite leave to remain.
So they have done, and they are valued members of society. They withstood an inflammatory
and infamous speech 50 years ago by Enoch
Powell, whose warnings of racial strife have since
been amply refuted. Yet the corrosive assumption
that immigrants are a problem rather than a
benefit, and that they are raw numbers rather than
real people, has bedevilled Mrs May?s policies.
As home secretary, she introduced what she
termed a ?really hostile environment for illegal
immigrants?. To that end, checks are required of
businesses and landlords whose employees or
tenants are legally entitled to be in Britain. The
same is true of hospitals treating patients. Some
people have lost jobs, been refused operations or
even been deported as result.
No sensible person doubts that a government
must manage immigration and thwart illegal
entry. The Windrush generation are, however,
fully entitled to be in Britain. Amber Rudd, the
home secretary, has admitted that she does not
know whether any Windrush children have been
deported. Clearly embarrassed, Mrs May has
reversed a decision not to meet heads of
governments from Caribbean countries to discuss
their concerns on this issue. Her change of course
is welcome but not enough. Controls are one
thing; instilling fear among lawfully settled
citizens is quite another. It is a scandal that matters
have come to this pass.
Hydra of Terrorism
The United States should stay in the Middle East until Isis has been crushed
The Islamic State terror group should by rights be
a wounded animal, lame and disorientated. It has
been driven out of the cities it occupied in Syria
and Iraq. More than 25,000 Isis militants were said
to have been killed in the campaign last year to
take back Mosul, Iraq?s second largest city. As our
correspondent reports today, many of their bodies
are still rotting in the rubble.
Yet there are signs that Isis or splinter groups
derived from it are re-forming. While it is unlikely
that Isis will again be able to carve out a territorial
caliphate in the Middle East, its adherents are still
plotting disruptive action. Their resentment is fuelled by their treatment at the hands of Iraq?s security
forces, who are known to rape the wives of suspected
Isis militants in refugee camps. Some 19,000 people
are in jail in Iraq on terrorism offences, and justice
is short and sharp. More than 100 have been
hanged since Mosul?s liberation nine months ago.
Some of the surviving Isis cells are planning to
sabotage the Iraqi national and local elections due
on May 12. The Iraqi prime minister, Haidar
al-Abadi, has formed a political grouping called
the ?Victory Alliance? with the sectarian, Shia-
dominated Popular Mobilisation Forces (PMF).
The Iraqi leader has gambled that he will be
rewarded by voters for the defeat of Isis. The
alliance, however, is splintering and Isis militants
hope to exploit its differences and stir up anger
against neighbouring Iran. In one recent ambush,
Isis militants disguised themselves as Iraqi
soldiers and beheaded PMF fighters.
After the fall of Raqqa in Syria, some Isis fighters
were given safe passage out of the city. There are
thought to be between 6,000 and 11,000 Islamic
State activists in Syria. Hundreds are in crowded
Kurdish prisons but others have been returned
to their villages. They and other jihadist groupings
find themselves the only sharp-edged opposition
to the increasing brutality of President Assad. That
serves Assad?s cause well. He has argued over the
past seven years of civil war that even moderate
critics should be shown no mercy because they are
terrorists. Having survived the strike against his
chemical weapons facilities, Assad could well shift
his attention to the suppression of Idlib province
in the north.
Isis and its successors are thus having to
adapt. They present a different face to the
world, more intent on scratching away the
legitimacy of existing regimes and less attractive
to foreign jihadists. President Macron was
nonetheless right to urge President Trump
to think again about withdrawing US forces
from Syria. They remain essential in gathering
intelligence about the terrorist hydra. Britain,
too, should urge American troops to stay.
This is not the time to lose interest in the
region.
Isis will seek other lawless terrain, including
in Afghanistan, in which to regroup while it
recalibrates its ambitions. The question is whether
it intends to be a global terror group or a regional
saboteur. Its defeat in Mosul and Raqqa showed
that it no longer has the capacity to be both. There
may be a broader strategy in play: to suck Iran into
ever more conflicts abroad and pit it against the
major Sunni powers, as well as the United States
and Israel. The jihadists have always thrived
in times of great power confusion. A wholesale
American withdrawal from the Middle East would
only add to it.
Edible Plastic
It?s amazing what some enzymes consider food
Picture the scene: an electric rubbish truck pulls up
at the Wild Blue Yonder recycling station and
unloads tonnes of squashed plastic bottles into a vat
the size of a sewage settling tank. A lid closes over
the vat. A mystery substance sprays the bottles,
which dissolve in a few hours into a clear sludge
ready to be extruded into more bottles. Instead of
choking fish and seabirds these will in due course
return to the vat to be recycled again, and again.
The dream of energy-efficient plastic recycling
has been around for years. The missing pieces of
the process have been the mystery substance and
the magical dissolution into sludge. Instead, the
only alternatives to letting plastic bottles linger
for centuries in oceans and landfill has been
incineration or costly mechanical recycling that
first pounds the bottles into tiny pieces.
That may soon change. British and American
researchers have stumbled on an enzyme that
seems to eat the plastic used in bottles for breakfast, lunch and dinner. The story begins in 2016, on
a Japanese rubbish dump. There an enzyme was
discovered that had evolved naturally to feed on
polyethylene terephthalate (PET), but it was a slow
eater. Teams from the University of Portsmouth
and the US National Renewable Energy Labora-
tory, with the help of one of the world?s most
powerful X-ray machines, worked out the enzyme?s
complex molecular structure and tweaked it.
The result was a new enzyme that consumes PET
much faster.
This evolution might have happened naturally;
plastics have been around for enzymes to feed on
only for about half a century. But to have accelerated the process like this should bring forward the
time when humanity slows and reverses the
invasion of the oceans by single-use plastic bottles.
Science is on course to solve one of the big
problems it created. Next up, nuclear waste?
30
2G M
Tuesday April 17 2018 | the times
World
Dead Isis fighters left to rot
Nine months after
battle, recovery for
city is nowhere
in sight, writes
Richard Spencer
Mosul?s body collector cuts an unlikely
figure in a Mickey Mouse top, pink
cardigan and floral headscarf. A diamant�-studded bracelet flashes on her
wrist.
She seems distinctly unperturbed as
she gives a tour of the execution chambers and rotting corpses of Mosul?s Old
City. Suroor al-Husseini is 24 and
although she trained as a nurse, little
even in the Iraq of Islamic State can
have prepared her for this work.
?One there, two, yes, three,? she says.
She has a practised eye. The rags of
camouflage material lodged in the piles
of rubble would be indistinguishable
from other rubbish to most eyes, but
closer inspection reveals bones and
fragments of flesh. What looked like a
large well-shone pebble is the end of a
thigh bone.
?Here there was a pile of 12 suicide
belts,? she says as we pass. I asked
earlier who defuses those ? some
bodies come adorned with them. ?Oh, I
do,? she said, showing me a mobile
phone photograph of herself picking
intently at wires with a pair of
pliers.
?Who trained you to do
that?? I asked, trying not to
sound startled. ?I worked it
out,? she said, nonchalantly.
It is hard to know
which thought is more
stunning. Is it the
single fact of Ms Husseini and her cheerful
sangfroid? Or is it that
the combined weight
of the Iraqi army,
police and air force, an
international armada
of F-16s, Tornado and
Rafale fighter bombers,
as well as the SAS and
their French and American counterparts were
brought to bear to expel
a few thousand Isis
fighters ? and then no
authority could be bothered to pick up
the bodies?
It is nine months since Haider alAbadi, the Iraqi prime minister, declared Mosul?s ?liberation?, and the
bodies are still there. It took four
months for Ms Husseini to realise that
she would have to do it herself. It was
another two before she managed to get
council permits.
Since they started in January, she and
a small team of volunteers have collected 650 corpses from the wreckage of
the Old City. She estimates that at least
1,000 remain, an entirely believable
figure based on the ranks of collapsed
and still unexamined houses, as well as
the examples that lie openly in view.
Others, too, have taken it upon themselves to do what Ms Husseini assumed
someone better equipped would deal
with. As the weeks went by with nothing done to clear the mess, another
group of young people started a ?dumper campaign?, raising cash and calling
for anyone with a dumper truck to
come forward.
Mosul ought to be a massive construction site by now but there is so
little rebuilding that dumper owners
had little to do. The group hires them,
paying $1 a trip to carry debris out of the
city.
Forty thousand trips later, and the
effect is a drop in the ocean. The Old
City still looks much as it did when the
last Isis fighters surrendered. It is hard
to explain, still less to justify, the apathy shown by the Iraqi government
and its international allies in relieving the plight of Mosul?s people.
During the war the people here
were portrayed by Iraq?s backers
as victims, either of Isis or of the
sectarian discrimination that
made some of them initially welcome the jihadists. Now that the
war is largely over, everyone
seems to have forgotten them
again.
A lot is left to charities. An
elderly woman in a wheelchair, who asks just to be
called Mrs Hajer, said she
lost four of her six sons,
three of them policemen
murdered or ?disappeared?
by Isis. The fourth died in
April last year, a month after
being crippled by a boobytrap bomb Isis fighters left
Suroor al-Husseini started collecting
corpses after she tired of the stench
100 miles
Arbil
Mosul
Kirkuk
SYRIA
IRAN
IRAQ
Baghdad
outside his house as his neighbourhood
was stormed by the army. His widow,
Fatima, 35, is looking after their three
children and her mother-in-law, reliant
on food baskets and $20 a month from
a local mosque.
?I can?t afford to buy them clothes,?
she says. Her brother and sisters would
help if they weren?t suffering similarly,
she adds.
Her only other support comes from
Save the Children, which has arranged
school places for the children and is
seeking a government pension for Mrs
Hajer.
Some rebuilding has begun in less
damaged parts of west Mosul. Residents are cynical, however, saying the
work would stop after next month?s
general election. Iraqis have reacted
furiously to the replacement of the ubiquitous portraits of ?martyrs? ?
soldiers and police killed in the war ?
with campaign posters. They have few
expectations from a new government.
Ms Husseini shrugs when I ask why
Don?t forget Japan in North Korea deal, Abe tells US
Japan
Richard Lloyd Parry Tokyo
Shinzo Abe faces the biggest tests of his
political career as protesters march
against him at home and he meets President Trump today for crucial talks.
The Japanese prime minister will
plead with Mr Trump at a summit in
Florida not to abandon Japan in his
haste to strike a deal with North Korea.
At stake are Mr Abe?s personal credibility and Japan?s long-term security. His
popularity has sunk as his administration has been dogged by scandals that
drew 50,000 people on to the streets of
Tokyo to demand his resignation.
He was the first world leader to visit
Mr Trump after his victory in 2016.
Today he will return to Mr Trump?s
Mar-a-Lago resort for two days of
meetings on and off the golf course.
After visiting Mr Abe in Japan last
November Mr Trump declared: ?We
like each other and our countries like
each other . . . I don?t think we?ve ever
been closer to Japan.? But the sudden
announcement last month of a meeting
in May between Mr Trump and Kim
Jong-un, the North Korean dictator,
and of trade tariffs against Japan have
caused an abrupt chill.
Japan fears that in his rush to remove
the threat of nuclear attack on the US
posed by Mr Kim?s long-range missiles
Mr Trump will agree to a disarmament
deal excluding the many more shortrange weapons threatening Japan.
Next week the South Korean president, Moon Jae-in, will meet Mr Kim.
Mr Abe?s chastened attempts to get a
meeting with the North Korean leader
have been scornfully rejected. He told
the Japanese parliament last week that
eliminating intercontinental ballistic
missiles ?has no meaning for Japan?.
?I want to tell the president [Mr
Trump] that [Mr Kim] should also
abandon short and intermediate-range
missiles that put Japan within range,?
Mr Abe said. ?This is an important opportunity for me and Mr Trump to
align our plans ahead of the inter-Korean and US-North Korean summits.?
Mr Abe has also found his country
subject to tariffs on US imports of its
steel and aluminium, the only big US
ally not exempted. The Trump administration has made clear that it wants a
bilateral deal to open up Japan?s mar-
kets in cars and agricultural products.
Taro Aso, the finance minister, said:
?When two countries negotiate, the
stronger country gets stronger. We?ve
been saying all along that we would definitely avoid [bilateral negotiation].?
Mr Abe may face a dilemma over
whether to make trade concessions in
return for promises on North Korea.
Japan?s farmers and car makers are politically powerful and Mr Abe is at his
weakest since he was elected in 2012.
His approval has fallen to 26.7 per cent
in one poll since reports about a nationalist school, of which Mr Abe?s wife was
formerly a patron, whose proprietor
was given a �4 million discount on a
plot of government-owned land.
Mr Abe has denied that this was a favour but he suffered further damage
after it was revealed that the finance
ministry had falsified papers to remove
his name and that of his wife.
Mr Abe is also accused of influencing
the award of more than � million of
subsidies to a friend. His denials were
undermined by documents suggesting
that the officials who made the award
were told that he had an interest in the
matter. With demonstrators calling for
him to quit he looks likely to lose a vote
in September for the leadership of his
Liberal Democratic Party.
Junichiro Koizumi, a former prime
minister who was a mentor to Mr Abe,
expressed doubt in a magazine interview that he could survive past June.
?The situation is getting dangerous,? he
told Aera. ?Won?t Mr Abe resign around
the time parliament?s session ends??
the times | Tuesday April 17 2018
31
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Raped girl?s family
want trial moved
after death threats
Page 34
in wreckage of Mosul
FELIPE DANA/AP; BALINT SZLANKO/AP; RICHARD SPENCER FOR THE TIMES
Xi has a flutter
on horse racing
Page 36
Macron risks
repeat of ?68
as university
is barricaded
France
Adam Sage Paris
Hundreds and perhaps thousands of bodies remain to be retrieved in the Old
City. Mrs Hajer, top, lost four sons to Isis; she and her grandchildren are cared for
by her daughter-in-law, who relies on a small monthly allowance from a mosque
she is doing a job one would expect
local authorities to do. Sometimes officials from the forensic medicine department accompanied her, she said,
but they were often resistant to her
work. The general supposition is that
the authorities, and particularly the
Shia-led central government, are enacting a form of collective punishment
on Iraq?s largest Sunni city, which was a
hotbed of radicalism even before Isis
seized it outright in 2014.
Ms Husseini comes from a middle-
class neighbourhood bordering the Old
City and was fed up with, as well as outraged by, the smell of bodies. She also
thought of her 14-year-old sister, buried
in the garden, at least temporarily, after
being killed in a coalition airstrike.
Ms Husseini has made discoveries
that in normal times, even in the Middle East, would have made front-page
news. In one room she found 150
bodies, all shot through the head, in two
layers: women and children underneath and men, killed more recently, on
top. It was not clear who killed them.
Further down the road, in a home
overlooking the river, she found 30
corpses. The youngest victim, she said,
was two months old. No one has yet
thought to investigate what is clearly
the scene of some sort of war crime,
despite her efforts to alert anyone who
might be interested. ?It is shameful,? is
her only conclusion to that episode.
We finish the tour in the shadow of a
pile of rebar and broken walls, with the
upside-down shells of burnt-out cars
leant against them. Music drifts across
the river from a privately operated funfair that has reopened, a reminder that
even stories of the worst government
sloth can also be told as examples of
human resilience: hers, in this case.
?I think they just don?t want us doing
this,? she says, shaking her head. As we
walk away, we look down to see a single
skull by the kerb, a neat bullet-hole
front and centre. If Mosul needed to be
taught a lesson, it has certainly had it.
Leading article, page 29
Judge lets investigators read Trump lawyer?s papers
United States
Rhys Blakely, Boer Deng Washington
A judge rejected a request last night by
President Trump that federal investigators be barred from reading documents seized from his personal lawyer
in an FBI raid last week.
The president had backed an attempt
to obtain a restraining order that would
have stopped justice department prosecutors sifting through documents,
tapes and electronic devices seized
from Michael Cohen.
Prosecutors have said that Mr
Cohen, who worked for Mr Trump for a
decade, is being investigated for potential criminal activity. They are thought
to be scrutinising deals in which
women were paid for their silence over
alleged sexual liaisons to determine
Stormy Daniels, outside court today,
was paid $130,000 before the election
whether the arrangements amounted
to illegal contributions to the Trump
campaign.
A judge denied the request for a restraining order but said that Mr Cohen?s
legal team would be allowed access to
the seized materials. They will identify
documents that they believe should be
shielded because they are confidential
communications between Mr Cohen
and his legal clients. The documents
may then be reviewed by an independent arbiter.
Mr Cohen has said he paid $130,000
from his own pocket to Stephanie Clifford, a porn actress known as Stormy
Daniels, days before the 2016 election.
The deal was meant to prevent Ms Clifford, who attended yesterday?s court
proceedings, from speaking about an
alleged affair with Mr Trump in 2006.
Ms Clifford said that she had beeen
warned not to talk about the affair.
Mr Cohen said that he had given
legal counsel to three clients in the past
year, including Mr Trump and Elliott
Broidy, a prominent Republican fundraiser. He tried to keep the identity of a
third client secret but was ordered to
reveal that it was Sean Hannity, a Fox
News host and prominent supporter of
Mr Trump.
Mr Hannity said that he had occasionally asked Mr Cohen for legal
advice, ?almost exclusively about real
estate?, but had never paid him.
Mr Cohen is alleged to have helped to
arrange a scheme under which Karen
McDougal, a former Playboy model
who says she had an affair with Mr
Trump, was paid $150,000 for her story
to be kept secret.
According to The Wall Street Journal
he also negotiated a deal to pay $1.6 million to another Playboy model who said
that she was pregnant by Mr Broidy.
The Journal also reported that Mr Cohen helped to suppress a story about an
alleged affair between the president?s
eldest son and a reality TV contestant.
The university that was the birthplace
of the May 1968 uprising in France was
blockaded amid nationwide demonstrations against President Macron.
Several hundred activists barricaded
Nanterre University outside Paris in
the latest of some 15 occupations staged
in protest at Mr Macron?s plans to
reform the admissions process.
In May 1968 France came close to a
revolution as student demonstrators
joined striking workers in a vast
movement against General Charles de
Gaulle. He faced down the protests but
lost power the next year.
The risk for Mr Macron, 40, is if anarchists and left-wing students join forces
with railway unions, which have called
a strike over plans to make it easier for
the state network to sack staff. Fr閐閞ique Vidal, the higher education
minister, accused striking railway
workers of joining the blockade at
Nanterre University.
The president, who is keen to snuff out
this spring of discontent, was uncompromising in a two-hour TV interview.
He played down claims that students
were in revolt over his plan to stop them
from choosing whatever degree they
liked and instead persuade them to
follow courses suited to their abilities.
Universities had been overrun by activists, he said. ?What I notice is that in all
the universities where lecture theatres
are today paralysed and where there is
sometimes intolerable violence, students are often in a minority,? he said,
adding that the blockades were organised by ?professionals of disorder?.
He also took a tough line with
anarchists who have built sprawling
camps. More than 2,500 riot officers
have been trying to clear Notre-Damedes-Landes, a site that has been squatted for ten years, but have failed despite
firing at least 4,000 tear gas grenades.
There were 250 people in the camp
when the operation began and now
there are at least 700, including ?extremely violent people from the ultraleft?, police said. Mr Macron said that
more than 60 officers had been injured
in clashes and denounced the violence
as ?inadmissible?.
Mr Macron was dismissive of protesters? claims that they want to establish
collective farms at the site, once proposed for an airport, accusing them of
?muddled thinking?. ?It wasn?t an alternative agricultural project but a project
of disorder,? he said. ?Do you really
think I can go and say to a farmer who
has paid for his land, ?There are people
who don?t pay for the land they are on,
who don?t respect any rules, who have
an alternative project and it?s great???
He insisted that he would not be
deterred: ?Order will be established
because the republic needs order.?
Officials claim that the agitators
confronting police in Notre-Damedes-Landes are also fomenting the
university blockades. G閞ard Collomb,
the interior minister, said: ?They are the
professionals of confrontation who
want to confront the forces of law and
order and who go from place to place,
wherever seems most exciting to them.?
32
2G M
Tuesday April 17 2018 | the times
World
Russia blocks leading messaging app
Russia
Tom Parfitt Moscow
Russia began blocking access to the
popular messaging app Telegram yesterday in one of its biggest crackdowns
on the internet.
Pavel Durov, 33, the Russian entrepreneur who founded Telegram, defied
a demand from the Supreme Court last
month to give Russia?s security services
access to users? messages.
Roskomnadzor, the communications
watchdog, said that it had sent telecoms
operators a notification about blocking
access to Telegram inside Russia.
It was expected to take several hours
for the process to be completed. The
move is the latest clampdown on internet freedoms after restrictions were
introduced on data storage and proxy
servers.
Telegram, which says it has more
than 200 million active users worldwide, was founded in 2013 and is ranked
the ninth most popular mobile messaging app in the world. It provides ?endto-end encryption?, meaning that even
Telegram cannot read the messages.
Mr Durov has repeatedly declined to
hand over encryption ?keys? that
would give the Federal Security Service
(FSB) a back door to private messages
between Telegram users. He claimed
yesterday that blocking the app would
actually erode Russia?s national security because users would go over to US
Pavel Durov, the
Telegram founder,
will not share data
messengers such as Facebook and
WhatsApp. The FSB argues that the
instant messaging app is used for secret
communications by terrorists, such as
Islamists who planted a bomb on the
St Petersburg Metro last year, killing 15
people.
Mr Durov, who went into exile in
2014, called Russia an ?authoritarian
government? and said: ?We consider
the decision to block is unconstitutional and we will continue to defend
Russians? right to secret messages.?
In October he said that Telegram
always reviewed requests to take down
material promoting terrorism, child
pornography ?and so on? but that it
never gave away users? personal information.
In Telegram?s four years on the global
market, only Russia had fined it for
refusing to give access to messages,
even though it worked in more conservative countries, he added.
After a Moscow court ordered on Friday that Telegram be blocked, Mr Durov tweeted: ?Privacy is not for sale, and
human rights should not be compromised out of fear or greed.? He called on
users not to delete the app, saying that
Telegram would work to keep it running even if it were blocked, although
that could not be guaranteed without
using a proxy server.
Yesterday the company said that it
would continue to provide updates to
users via ?push notifications? even as
the service was blocked.
Telegram is widely used in Russia,
including by the political elite, and its
closure could provoke a backlash.
Amnesty International said the blocking was the ?latest attack on online
freedom of expression? in Russia.
Weibo says
gay content
is welcome
China
Didi Tang Beijing
One of China?s largest social media sites
has reversed its ban on gay content
after a barrage of complaints.
Weibo, the Chinese equivalent of
Twitter, said that its latest clean-up
effort, announced over the weekend,
would no longer target homosexuality
but only lewdness and violence.
A popular account by a gay rights
group resumed posting yesterday after
a 48-hour suspension.
?What?s happened in the past
48 hours demonstrates that change is
possible when you speak up,? the Beijing LGBT Centre wrote on its Weibo
account.
The Chinese government no longer
considers homosexuality a crime, and
health officials stopped classifying it as
a mental illness in 2001. However
prejudice within society at large remains. Workplace discrimination is so
common that most gay people choose
to keep their sexual identity secret.
Advocacy for gay rights is gaining
momentum in China, where younger
people in cities are more accepting of
same-sex relationships. The Beijing
LGBT Centre has 230,000 followers on
Weibo. In courts, rights groups have
won cases against gay conversion therapies and job discrimination and in the
latest case, public opinion has forced a
change of policy.
After the announcement on Friday
that Weibo would censor gay content,
many Chinese took to social media
sites, Weibo included, with hash-tags
such as #iamgaynotapervert. Even the
party-run People?s Daily spoke against
the censorship. ?Everyone is unique.
They differ in appearance, skin tone,
height, weight, personality, ethnicity
and nationality. And sexual orientation
is one part of being different,? it said.
Seven prisoners killed
during night of rioting
Columbia Seven inmates died and
17 were seriously wounded in a
prison riot in South Carolina.
Most of the dead were stabbed or
slashed with homemade knives
during more than seven hours of
violence at the maximum
security facility, while others were
beaten. The authorities said all of
the dead were killed by other
prisoners. No officers were hurt
during the riot at Lee
Correctional Institution in
Bishopville, 40 miles east of the
state capital. At least 20 inmates
have been killed by fellow
prisoners in South Carolina since
the beginning of last year. The
prisons department tweeted that
there were multiple fights
between inmates in three housing
units. It was unclear what started
the violence, which began at
about 7.15pm on Sunday. (AP)
Iran official forced out
Tehran A senior environment
official who symbolised
government efforts to encourage
expatriate Iranians to return
home has quit seven months into
his job. Kaveh Madani, 37, was a
young professor at Imperial
College London before returning
to Iran in September to become
deputy head of the environment
department. His resignation
followed the publication of
photographs of him drinking and
dancing on holiday. Hardliners
called him ?debauched? and
demanded his dismissal. (AFP)
Sri Lanka party turmoil
Colombo Police have arrested a
leading dissenter in President
Sirisena?s Sri Lanka Freedom
Party. Mahindananda
Aluthgamage, a former sports
minister, is accused of
misappropriating �5,000 in
2014. He is a key figure in a party
faction that opposes Mr Sirisena,
who faces a revolt after the
resignation of six ministers. The
president has suspended
parliament until May 8 and is
expected to reshuffle his cabinet
on his return from this week?s
Commonwealth summit. (AFP)
Homeless back Lula
Sao Paulo More than 100
members of a homeless
movement took over the
apartment in Guaruja that Luiz
In醕io Lula da Silva was found to
have taken as a bribe from the
construction company OAS. The
former Brazilian president began
a 12-year jail sentence for
corruption this month. ?If this
apartment indeed belongs to
Lula, that means we are invited to
stay. We have his permission,? the
group?s organiser said. ?If it
doesn?t, judges have to explain
why they arrested him.? (AP)
Eurovision star has HIV
Berlin Conchita
Wurst, the drag
artist and 2014
Eurovision
Song Contest
winner, has
been HIV
positive for
?many years?, she has revealed on
Instagram. Wurst, 29, said that
she published the information
because a former boyfriend was
blackmailing her, adding: ?I will
not give anyone the right to scare
me and to influence my life. I
hope to give others courage.?
the times | Tuesday April 17 2018
33
2G M
World
Muslims ?possessed by the Devil? seek exorcism from priests
Vatican
Tom Kington Rome
Muslims are queueing up to have their
demons cast out by Catholic priests,
sometimes with the help of a mobile
phone, amid soaring global demand for
exorcism, a conference at a Vaticanlinked university was told yesterday.
In Italy, where there are up to 400
exorcists, about half a million people
reportedly claimed demonic possession in the past decade ? three times
higher than in previous decades. ?Demand is absolutely growing,? said
Father Anthony Barratt, a British priest
who attended the packed event at the
Regina Apostolorum, which trains
priests.
Cardinal Ernest Simoni of Albania
told nearly 300 delegates that he had
performed exorcisms on Muslims.
?Jesus came for everyone,? he said.
?They remain Muslim.?
Giuseppe Ferrari, an expert on exorcisms, said: ?I don?t see why we cannot
do it for Muslims if they ask.? Father
Andre Francisco Fernandes, an Indian
priest working in the United Arab
Emirates, said that a number of Muslims had approached him for exorcism.
?They say, ?Someone has done black
magic to harm me, can you help?? ?
Exorcism is offered in Islam but John
L Allen, the editor of the religious
website Crux, said there was a ?kind of
pride? among Catholics who offer the
service to Muslims. ?It?s like saying our
stuff works and theirs doesn?t,? he said.
RICH FURY/GETTY IMAGES
Ballet mutiny
over bullying
and harassment
France
Adam Sage Paris
The talk behind the scenes of a new
staging of the ballet Romeo and Juliet in
Paris is not of love but of bullying and
sexual harassment.
The Paris Opera Ballet has been
thrown into an unwanted spotlight by
the leak of an internal survey revealing
widespread claims of abuse within the
company.
Dancers were also scathing about
Aur閘ie Dupont, the former star ballerina who replaced Benjamin Millepied,
the husband of the Hollywood actress
Natalie Portman, as the company director two years ago.
Of the company?s 154 dancers, 132
answered the questionnaire drawn up
by a staff committee and 77 per cent said
they had been a victim of bullying or
had witnessed bullying. Twenty-six per
cent said they had either experienced
or seen sexual harassment.
No one has accused Dupont of sexual
harassment, but dancers said she was
indifferent to their suffering and 90 per
cent said the company?s management
was ?not of a good quality?.
?The current director seems to have
no management competence and no
desire to acquire such a competence,?
one respondent said.
Another said: ?It?s difficult to
see her, she talks little, and in a
cutting way, and we can?t understand what she wants or
where she is going.?
Dupont, 45, rejected the
claims. ?I have a lot of dialogue with the dancers
but because I want to
make them progress,
what I have to say is
not always easy to
Aur閘ie Dupont,
the former star
ballerina, was
criticised by staff
hear,? she said. The survey had focused
?on what is not going well and not what
is going well?, she added. ?The company
is radiant and our dancers have a status
that makes them the envy of the world.?
St閜hane Lissner, the director of
Paris Opera, which runs the capital?s
opera houses as well as the ballet
company, expressed ?total confidence
in Aur閘ie Dupont? and said she was an
?excellent director?.
He said he would establish consultations to ?think calmly and understand
what the dancers are trying to say?. The
company had a zero tolerance policy
towards sexual harassment and alleged
victims should speak to the management about it, he added.
Some have suggested that Dupont?s
critics were driven by jealousy. Le Figaro, which described her as ?ravishing,
intelligent and as courteous as she is
excellent at dancing?, said there were
tensions between her and the ballerinas
with whom she once danced.
?She looked after her own art with an
iron fist, but she has never looked after
other people,? it said.
It quoted a dancer who had backed
Dupont, saying that many ballerinas
said she spent her time in luxury boutiques. The dancer also said that few
ballerinas listened to her instructions.
Dupont took over when Millepied
resigned amid uproar over his attempts
to modernise the company. She said
then that he was ?more American than
French? and had failed to understand
the culture or heritage of the ballet.
Other international ballet companies have faced allegations of harassment in recent months. Peter
Martins was forced to stand
down as chief of the New York
City Ballet after claims of misconduct and verbal abuse. He
has denied wrongdoing and an
internal inquiry reported in
February that it could not corroborate the allegations made
against him.
Cardinal Simoni said that priests
were now going high-tech to meet demand. ?There are priests who carry out
exorcisms on their mobile phones ?
that?s possible thanks to Jesus,? he said.
Professor Ferrari said he suspected
that priests were using their phone only
to intone prayers. ?Priests pray with
people on the phone to calm them
down but if you are not there you cannot control the physical aspects of an
exorcism,? he said.
Signs of possession by the Devil,
according to a guide issued by the conference, include surprising strength, a
change of voice, the sudden ability to
speak Latin, Hebrew and Aramaic and
revulsion at the sight of a cross.
The week-long conference will focus
on satanic cults? role in boosting possessions. La Stampa newspaper said that
there were ten cults in Italy.
Films such as The Rite ? Anthony
Hopkins?s 2011 tale of exorcism ? and
social media have also been blamed for
encouraging satanism.
Minister quits
amid protests
after reporter
is shot dead
Slovakia
David Charter Berlin
Shades of summer Supernova, an art installation at the Coachella art and music
festival, is a ?desert mirage? that keeps these revellers out of the California sun
The Slovakian interior minister has
resigned after only three weeks in office
saying that he was unable to quell
public unrest over corruption and the
murder of an investigative journalist.
Tomas Drucker said he could not justify sacking the police chief, Tibor Gaspar, as demanded by 30,000 demonstrators in central Bratislava on Sunday.
Nor did Mr Drucker think that firing
Mr Gaspar would pacify a powerful
wave of protest that swept the prime
minister and the former interior minister out of office last month.
Regular street demonstrations have
gripped the country since the contractstyle killings of Jan Kuciak and his fianc閑, Martina Kusnirova, both 27, at their
home in February. Kuciak wrote about
high-level corruption and his final article, published posthumously, detailed
links between an alleged mafia figure
and the office of Robert Fico, the prime
minister at the time.
Mr Fico quit a month ago after the
departure of Robert Kalinak as interior
minister, but the same three-party
coalition remained in power and Mr
Fico?s deputy became prime minister.
Groups organising the street protests
and Kuciak?s colleagues have little faith
in the administration being able to
carry out a thorough investigation. ?In
principle what really killed Jan was corruption,? said Martin Turcek, also 27,
the last work colleague to speak to
Kuciak.
Turcek is part of the youthful team at
Aktuality magazine that is following
Kuciak?s leads and throwing more light
on misuse of EU funds and VAT fraud.
The EU estimated the ?VAT gap?, the
difference between VAT collected and
the expected revenue, in Slovakia at
?2.2 billion in 2015, twice the level of
that in the neighbouring Czech Republic and the second-highest in the EU.
Kuciak reported on deals between
the government and Slovakia?s biggest
privately owned security firm, whose
owner is related to Mr Gaspar. The
police chief has denied wrongdoing.
Auschwitz guard charged as accessory in 13,335 murders
Germany
David Charter Berlin
German prosecutors have charged a
94-year-old former Auschwitz guard
with being accessory to at least 13,335
murders at the death camp.
The former SS rifleman from Mannheim, who has not been named, faces
trial in a juvenile court because he was
a teenager when he allegedly took part
in killings. If he is fit to stand trial he will
be the fourth SS guard to do so after a
2011 precedent that allowed rank-andfile soldiers to be prosecuted over the
Holocaust. Investigators are making a
final push to bring charges after the
conviction of John Demjanjuk in 2011
based purely on records showing that
he had been a guard at a death camp.
In 2015 the verdict against Oskar
Gr鰊ing, named the bookkeeper of
Auschwitz because he worked mainly
in an office processing valuables stolen
from prisoners, found that ?ancillary
activity for the maintenance of the
camp is counted as aiding murder?.
Gr鰊ing exhausted the appeals against
his conviction but died aged 96 before
starting his four-year sentence.
Since then German courts have convicted another Auschwitz guard, Reinhold Hanning, who died last year, while
the trial of Hubert Zafke was halted
when he became unfit to face the court.
Charges have been filed against the
unnamed 94-year-old in the regional
court in Mannheim. He was born in Ruma, now part of Serbia, and began his
training as a guard at Auschwitz in
Nazi-occupied Poland in October 1942.
He worked from December 1942 until
January 1943 ?supporting camp operations and thus acts of extermination?
while 19, prosecutors said. ?In this time,
at least 15 rail transports arrived after
which people were selected based on
ability to work,? they said. ?The prosecutor?s office assumes that at least
13,335 of these people were classified as
unfit to work and murdered in the gas
chambers.?
The suspect said he was ?not aware of
the background, intent or procedures
behind the killing? at Auschwitz.
34
2G M
Tuesday April 17 2018 | the times
World
AFP/GETTY IMAGES
Rape girl?s family wants
trial moved after threats
India
Saptarshi Ray Delhi
One of the accused is taken to court in a case that has prompted protests across India
The trial of eight Hindu men, including four police officers, accused of the
gang-rape and murder of an eightyear-old Muslim girl opened in Kashmir yesterday as the victim?s family
called for the case to be moved to
another state because they were
facing death threats.
The eight men accused of killing
Asifa Bano in January pleaded not
guilty in the Jammu and Kashmir
sessions court, and asked that Asifa?s
remains be tested for drugs. They are
accused of drugging her after luring
her into woods near Kathua, in
northern India, and of taking turns to
rape her before killing her by strangling her and hitting her with rocks.
A port-mortem examination suggested that Asifa had been held for
several days in a temple run by one of
the accused.
The allegations, along with a separate alleged rape of a child by a senior
official in the ruling Hindu
nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party,
have prompted protests across India.
The BJP and police are accused of
complicity and cover-ups in both
cases. Tens of thousands have joined
protests calling for more protections
for women and children and Narendra Modi, the prime minister, has
promised swift justice for the culprits.
Asifa Bano
was raped by
several men
before being
strangled and
hit with rocks
The supreme court in Delhi, which is
hearing the petition for a change of
venue to Chandigarh, has called for
security for Asifa?s family.
Deepika Rajawat, the family?s lawyer, said that she had been threatened
and called ?anti-Hindu? by groups
affiliated to the BJP. Lawyers for the
Gunman shoots at
home of judge who
barred Pakistan PM
Pakistan
Haroon Janjua Islamabad
The home of a senior judge
overseeing corruption cases against
the ousted prime minister Nawaz
Sharif has been attacked by a gunman.
An assailant fired into the residence of Justice Ijaz ul Ahsan twice
within hours. No one was injured in
the attacks at 4.30am and 9am on
Sunday.
Mr Ahsan was part of the fivemember Supreme Court bench that
disqualified Mr Sharif, 68, from office
last July in a case arising from the
Panama papers ? a cache of leaked
documents from a law firm which
allegedly helped scores of wealthy
people to hide money offshore. On
Friday, a separate Supreme Court
bench barred Mr Sharif from public
office for life.
Imran Khan, the former cricketer
and political foe of Mr Sharif,
suggested that supporters from Mr
Sharif?s ruling Pakistan Muslim
League-Nawaz (PML-N) may have
been behind the attacks.
?Strongly condemn the firing at
Justice Ijaz ul Ahsan?s house. These
Sicilian mafia-like tactics to pressurise senior judiciary are unacceptable
in any democracy,? he tweeted. ?The
shameful firing on Justice Ijaz ul
Ahsan?s house is typical of intimidation Sharifs & PMLN do against
judiciary & all those who expose
them.?
Mr Ahsan is overseeing and
monitoring various cases
against Mr Sharif and his
close family members, including that they
bought foreign properties illegally. The
cases are being
pursued by the
National Accountability
Bureau, Pakistan?s anti-corruption
body, which started trials against Mr
Sharif and his children ? Maryam,
Hussain and Hassan ? as well as Ishaq Dar, the former finance minister,
in September. A conclusion is expected next month, before this summer?s
elections.
Mr Sharif and his family have
denied the allegations and claimed
that they are the victims of a conspiracy concocted by the military.
Mr Khan, who leads the Movement for Justice party, has waged a
relentless campaign against the
Sharifs in the run-up to the elections
and played a key role in initiating
legal proceedings against the family.
He appears to be making inroads,
with the PML-N losing its grip on its
Punjab stronghold and some MPs
deserting the party.
The corruption cases against Mr
Sharif and his family are entwined
with confrontational electoral rhetoric from all sides and many in
Pakistan are braced for a volatile
run-up to voting in July.
Mian Saqib Nisar, Pakistan?s chief
justice, visited Mr Ahsan?s home in
Lahore after the shooting. He ordered the Punjab police chief to investigate the incidents.
?Bullet shells were found at the
entrance of the residence, the police
teams are working to arrest the
attackers and investigations
are under way,? Malik Muhammad Ahmad Khan,
the Punjab government
spokesman, said.
Shahid Khaqan Abbasi,
the prime minister, and the
military condemned the
shootings.
Nawaz Sharif
was disqualified
from office over
corruption
claims
BJP tried last week to prevent police
from filing charges.
Asifa?s murder was part of a strategy
to remove her nomadic Bakarwal
community from the area, according
to prosecutors.
Sanji Ram, a retired civil servant in
Kathua and administrator of the
temple, is accused of planning the
abduction. His nephew, a juvenile
who was not named, was allegedly
encouraged to kidnap Asifa and is
accused of raping and killing her.
Also accused of rape are Parvesh
Kumar, a friend of the nephew; Mr
Ram?s son, Vishal Jangotra; and
Deepak Khajuria and Surinder
Verma, special police officers.
Head Constable Tilak Raj and SubInspector Anand Dutta are accused
of taking money from the suspects in
return for destroying evidence.
The Jammu and Kashmir state
government has appointed two special public prosecutors, both Sikh, to
ensure ?neutrality? in the case, which
is exacerbating religious divisions.
US pastor
faces court
over coup
Turkey
Hannah Lucinda Smith Limassol
An American clergyman has gone on
trial in Turkey accused of links to the
2016 coup attempt and a banned
Kurdish terrorist group in a case that
threatens to undermine relations
between Ankara and Washington.
The Rev Andrew Brunson, 50, who
has led a small evangelical congregation in the Resurrection Church in
the city of Izmir since 1993, was arrested in October 2016. Three months
later he was charged with membership of a terrorist organisation and
political or military espionage and
has been in detention since.
Prosecutors claim that he had nurtured links with the PKK, a Kurdish
militia that is fighting an insurgency
in eastern Turkey, and followers of
Fethullah Gulen, an Islamic cleric,
who are accused of orchestrating the
attempted coup.
The charges against him have been
adjusted slightly to ?working on
behalf? of those groups. They carry a
life sentence, meaning that Pastor
Brunson would spend 35 years in
prison if found guilty. He is reported
to have lost nearly two stone (12kg)
since he was detained. He wept in
court yesterday, saying being alone in
a cell had affected his psychological
state. He has been denied private
meetings with his lawyer, a condition
in place because of Turkey?s postcoup state of emergency, which is
expected to be extended for the seventh time later this month.
Speaking on the opening day of his
trial in Izmir, Pastor Brunson denied
the charges. His lawyer said that he
had been targeted because of his faith.
Claims that the case is politically
motivated were lent weight last year
when President Erdogan appeared to
offer a prisoner swap, saying that he
could be freed if the US were to extradite Mr Gulen.
Last night the judge ruled that
Pastor Brunson must stay in jail,
setting the next hearing for May 7.
the times | Tuesday April 17 2018
35
2G M
World
Drone patrol on Table Mountain
WESTEND61/GETTY IMAGES; TAKE BACK OUR MOUNTAINS
South Africa
Jane Flanagan Cape Town
Military drones, elite guards and
tracking apps are among security
measures being considered to protect
visitors to Table Mountain in Cape
Town, where two people have died
amid a spate of violence.
More than 100 crimes involving
knives and guns have been recorded in
the nature reserve in the past 12
months.
The 30,000-acre Table Mountain
National Park, which boasts the world?s
richest diversity of flora, has been
allocated its own budget for security
amid fears that the upsurge in crime
could damage tourism.
?The modus operandi of the crime on
the mountain has definitely changed
and that is very concerning,? said Alan
Winde, minister for economic development and tourism for Western Cape
province.
?It has become much more violent
and therefore a different problem to
deal with.?
Mr Winde is looking to use high-tech
solutions such as those used to tackle
rhino poaching in other parts of the
country. These include tracker bracelets for walkers, phone apps that would
issue alerts and share intelligence and
balloons carrying infrared cameras
that would pick up criminals living on
the mountain. Mr Winde said he was
considering drone technology from
various sources, which had been used in
a range of applications, including by the
military.
In the first three weeks of the year,
nine violent robberies were recorded in
a concentrated area of the mountain.
Doug Notten, 57, from Cape Town, was
murdered while hiking with his wife,
Julia, who tried to fight off the attacker
and was pelted with rocks .
Other victims include Yvonne and
Don Cormack, from Harlow in Essex,
who were part of a group of seven
people robbed at knife point on the
Silvermine trail, towards the southern
tip of the mountain. Mrs Cormack, 67, a
retired bookkeeper, was slashed in the
head and arm as she attempted to defend her husband, who was stabbed
Fists and fins
fly as surfers
fight sharks
Australia
Bernard Lagan Sydney
Security has been stepped up in the park after two people were killed and many others injured in a spate of robberies.
Andre van Schalkwyk, who advises walkers on security on the mountain, said he had been calling for action for a decade
nine times in the leg. A few days before,
a tourist from Egypt barely survived
multiple stab wounds as he was mugged
on Noordhoek Beach three miles away.
Two Austrian pensioners suffered a
similar fate in the same area a fortnight
earlier. Last month a mountain biker
was stabbed to death for his bike as he
crossed sports fields on the park?s
boundary. Andre van Schalkwyk, who
gives security advice to walkers, has
been gathering data on mountain
crime for a decade and has been lobbying for action. The South African
National Parks authority said that it
had increased patrols across the area.
More high-tech measures are due to be
announced this week.
?Attacks aren?t a new phenomenon,
but the murders and levels of violence
are,? Mr Van Schalkwyk said. ?We have
been asking for something to be done
for such a long time, it is just crazy that
it needs this level of suffering before
some action is taken.?
Mr and Mrs Cormack were back on
Table Mountain last weekend along
with other victims as part of a coalition
of mountain user groups who want to
continue to enjoy the reserve in safety.
A surfer who was repeatedly mauled
during a prolonged attack by a shark off
Western Australia managed to escape
by punching it.
Alejandro Travaglini, 37, was surfing
near Margaret River, 170 miles south of
Perth, shortly after 8am when he was
bitten and suffered severe leg injuries.
He was one of two surfers mauled along
a mile-and-a-half stretch of the coast
on Sunday. The other victim had bites
to his board big enough to suggest that
a great white was the culprit.
Witnesses said that Mr Travaglini
had fought off the first attack but the
shark returned and dragged him under.
He hit it and managed to get back to
shore. Friends administered first aid
until emergency crews arrived.
Peter Jovic, a surfing photographer,
told the broadcaster ABC that the
attack was reminiscent of one survived
by the Australian former world champion surfer Mick Fanning in South Africa in 2015. ?Everyone?s walking round
like stunned mullets,? he said. ?The
surfer who was being attacked ended up
miraculously body-surfing on to a little
wave and making it into shore.?
Mr Travaglini was flown to Royal
Perth Hospital, where he had surgery
to both legs.
The second attack came hours later,
further south. Witnesses told The Australian that Department of Fisheries
officers ordered surfers to get out of the
water after sharks were seen. All left
except Justin Longrass, who said he did
not know that the beach was closed.
?[The shark] was just heading
straight for me, beelining straight at me
. . . and just nailed the board,? he said. ?I
knew straight away, ?don?t kick your
legs, just swim?.? Mr Longrass, 41, suffered injuries to his leg.
Fifteen people have been killed by
sharks off Western Australia since
2000. The regional government does
not support culls and uses surveillance
and deterrent devices to stop attacks.
South Africa seizes cash, planes Bird flu poses new threat to
and helicopter from Zuma cronies endangered African penguin
Jane Flanagan
Police and tax officials have carried out
a second raid at the mansion of the
Gupta brothers as part of an investigation into a fraud and money laundering case implicating the corrupt regime
of the ousted president Jacob Zuma.
More than 20 officers descended on
the compound in Johannesburg to
enforce a court order freezing the
family?s assets, including more than 40
properties, a helicopter, two private jets,
cars and bank accounts. Prosecutors
said that the order was part of an
investigation ?to address corruption in
the private sector and ensure the
recovery of government losses?.
The case involves a � million deal
involving a state-backed dairy farm in
one of the country?s poorest provinces
that was meant to help the community.
In return for seed money from the Free
State local government, a business
linked to the Gupta family promised
training, jobs and cows for poor black
farmers in an ambitious empowerment
scheme. Prosecutors allege that only
1 per cent of the millions handed over to
the Estina dairy project reached the
Ajay and Atul Gupta deny wrongdoing
farm and that the rest was siphoned
into offshore bank accounts.
Atul, Ajay and Rajesh Gupta
moved from India to South Africa in
1993, a year before the country?s first
democratic elections. The brothers?
whereabouts are unknown but through
their lawyers they have denied any
wrongdoing.
After Mr Zuma was ousted in February Ajay Gupta was declared a ?fugitive
from justice? and left South Africa for
Dubai, where several sightings have
been reported. Last week a South African businessman was arrested after
filming him in Dubai and demanding to
know when he would return to face
questioning.
Thirteen people are facing charges in
connection with the corruption at the
dairy farm but none is from the ruling
African National Congress, which Mr
Zuma led. Ace Magashule, the premier
of the Free State, who approved the
dairy deal with the Guptas, is the party?s
secretary-general.
South Africa?s new president, Cyril
Ramaphosa, has promised to end the
corruption and cronyism that marked
Mr Zuma?s nine years in office. The
appearance in court this month by Mr
Zuma, 76, on corruption charges relating to an arms deal have hinted at a
sense of urgency to Mr Ramaphosa?s
agenda.
Even though the dairy farm investigation represents only a fraction of the
millions of pounds estimated to have
been looted from state coffers during
Mr Zuma?s time in office, the case offers
the only firm evidence of the Guptas
having benefiting financially from their
government connections. Court papers
reveal that part of the funds paid to
Estina went into Atul Gupta?s account.
Jane Flanagan
The African penguin, which according
to forecasts could be extinct in 20 years,
is facing a new threat after ?abnormal
deaths? at a colony in Cape Town were
attributed to bird flu.
Scientific research into the endangered birds, which are found only in
South Africa and neighbouring Namibia, has been halted to reduce the risk of
spreading the virus.
Seventeen penguins from the colony
at Boulders Beach have died since the
first case of avian influenza to affect the
species was confirmed in January. The
case, 80 miles along the coast near Hermanus, was treated promptly and the
bird recovered but treatment has been
unsuccessful or deemed futile in all
other infected birds.
Staff at the cove, which attracts
60,000 tourists a year, are trained to
identify the virus?s symptoms, which
include depression, twitching and seizures. The area remains open to the
public but visitors have been told not to
touch the birds. Humans are not in
danger of catching the H5N8 strain but
there is a small risk that they could
spread it via their clothes and shoes.
Laura Roberts, a state veterinarian and
epidemiologist for the department of
agriculture for Western Cape, said: ?We
aren?t panicking yet, although the current breeding season, when the birds
spend more time on land and in closer
proximity, poses an increased risk of infection. There is a population of 1,700 at
Boulders. So long as we can successfully contain the virus we hope that
number will not decline dramatically.?
African penguins were the region?s
most abundant species a century ago
but have suffered a huge decline. Their
status was moved from vulnerable to
endangered in 2010 by the International Union for Conservation for
Nature. In 1910 the penguins were estimated to number more than a million
but a census last year identified 25,000
breeding pairs and recorded a 50 per
cent fall over three generations of birds.
Each African penguin has a unique
pattern of black spots on its white chest
which helps it to identify its mate. Boulders Beach has become one of South
Africa?s most popular tourist destinations thanks to the birds, which began
settling there in the Eighties and will
swim among visitors and waddle over
beach towels to their nests.
36
2G M
Tuesday April 17 2018 | the times
World
Plan to recover 828 PoWs from war wreck
GILL ALLEN FOR THE TIMES
China
Osaka
Beijing
Didi Tang Beijing
The horrific story of 1,800 British
prisoners of war battened into three
cargo holds of a torpedoed Japanese
transport ship is so little told that the
dead are known by historians as the
forgotten boys.
Some scrambled to freedom even
as the Japanese guards shot at them.
Many could not. In one hold hundreds lost their chance of survival
when the only ladder snapped. Survivors later recounted hearing the
singing of It?s a Long Way to Tipperary
as the boat sank.
Now a Chinese-American businessman is planning to bring the remains of the 828 who drowned in the
Lisbon Maru to the surface. Fang Li,
64, has embarked on a quest to find
offspring and relatives of the victims
who went down with the 7,000-ton
vessel in 1942 in the East China Sea.
He wants to remember the dead
and to know if there is support for the
soldiers? remains to be retrieved. ?It?s
time the hundreds of souls that have
been detained for nearly 80 years
went home,? Mr Fang said. ?They
spent the last moments of their lives
JAPAN
CHINA
Shanghai
East
China
Sea
An American sailor?s sketch of the sinking of the Lisbon Maru. Doomed PoWs were heard singing It?s a Long Way to Tipperary
The Orient Express combines the glamour of a
bygone age with sublime food and fine service.
Tim Jepson ? travel writer and author, Times Expert Traveller
INCLUDES A
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trying to break out, but after so many
years they remain incarcerated.?
A survivor of the atrocity has spoken against the plan, saying that the
site should be left alone as a war
grave. Mr Fang has been encouraged,
though, after relatives of those on
board contacted him and expressed
their wish that the remains be repatriated. Many of the victims died
too young to have had children and have no direct descendants so Mr Fang is
looking for great nephews
or great nieces.
He first heard about the
Lisbon Maru in 2013 when
his studio, Laurel Films, was
producing a film in the eastern
Fang Li is attempting
to track down the
relatives of the dead
Chinese archipelago of Zhoushan.
Local fishermen told him that a sunken Japanese boat from the Second
World War was resting on the seabed
off the islets.
Mr Fang said that he had a keen
interest in the war and was surprised
that he had never heard about it. His
interest piqued, he studied the history of the Lisbon Maru. It was transporting to labour camps in Japan
British soldiers captured after the
surrender of Hong Kong when a
torpedo from a US submarine hit
it on the morning of October 1,
1942 and the ship began to take
on water.
To prevent revolt Japanese
guards placed wooden
planks and a tarpaulin over the
hatches of the
holds but the
President Xi ready for
a punt on horse racing
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Didi Tang
Decades after Mao Zedong denounced horse racing as immoral,
China is to allow an experiment that
some hope will lead to wider adoption of the sport.
The southern island province of
Hainan has been asked to develop
equine sports and lotteries as part of
a plan to turn the tropical region into
China?s largest free-trade zone.
The most intriguing aspect of the
scheme, announced by President Xi,
is the mention of horse racing and
gambling. Beijing, however, is yet to
confirm whether betting will be allowed at the races. China strictly controls gaming, with limited, government-run sports lotteries on the
mainland.
Horse racing with betting is permitted only in Hong Kong, while
casino gambling is a key industry in
Macau. Both are former colonies
operating under their local laws.
The announcement has been
interpreted as a sign that Beijing is
thinking of allowing betting on horse
races in Hainan. Hong Kong Jockey
Club officials, however, said that the
industry would take years to become
a reality even if the government
decided to approve it.
?There is a lot to be considered,
from the technology, to racing
administration, track management
and training jockeys, trainers, farriers
and mafoos [grooms],? Winfried
Engelbrecht-Bresges, the club?s chief
executive, told the South China Morning Post. Then there is veterinary
science. There are still significant
issues when it comes to having a capable Chinese-speaking veterinary
workforce.?
In 2009 China?s State Council
suggested that Hainan, which was
once a poor island, could develop
tourism by introducing popular
sports and exploring sports lotteries.
Feasibility studies and preparations
were ordered, and equestrian associations were established on the
island. When asked in 2011 whether
horse racing and betting would be introduced, Hainan officials denied it.
?This is a sensitive matter. We must
be cautious about it,? Wei Liucheng,
who was then the island?s party
chief, said.
The party-run People?s Daily said
the new plan meant that Hainan was
?entering a new growth phase?.
Site of
wreck
400 miles
PoWs forced their way out and the
guards opened fire. The bloodshed on
deck halted when Chinese fishermen
arrived and started pulling the men
out of water. One of the fishermen,
now 94, is still alive.
Mr Fang commissioned underwater probes that captured images of
the 140m vessel. He was ?100 per
cent? convinced that he had located
the steel-hulled Lisbon Maru.
After a chance encounter with a
British scientist in Berlin Mr Fang
suggested that the remains of the
British soldiers should be repatriated,
consistent with the Chinese belief
that the dead should always return to
their roots upon death.
Dennis Morley, 97, believed to be
the last British survivor of the atrocity, however, spoke against the plan.
?It?s a war grave and that should be
left,? Mr Morley, a private in the Royal
Scots during the wartime, told The
Sunday Times last year.
Mr Fang has since received a message from a British woman whose
grandfather, Montague Glister, was
lost with the Lisbon Maru. She said
that her family would very much like
to see the remains of her grandfather
returned.
Without clear consensus Mr Fang
decided that he should first reach out
to more people and make a documentary to honour the dead. The
film crew arrived in the United Kingdom last weekend to meet anyone
who has knowledge about the Lisbon
Maru?s victims. ?With only two eyewitnesses left we would lose the last
opportunity to tell their stories and to
remember them if we don?t act now,?
he said. ?They at least deserve a
decent memorial.?
Airline chief?s
daughter sent
home for ?rage?
South Korea
Shira Rubin
Korean Air suspended its chief executive?s youngest daughter yesterday
as the police investigated reports that
she had flung water in the face of an
advertising executive.
Cho Hyun-min, 35, also known as
Emily, is alleged to have lost her temper during a business meeting in
Seoul last month. ?I apologise for my
foolish behaviour,? Ms Cho said on
Facebook. ?It is my big fault that I
could not control my emotions.?
She is the younger sister of Cho
Hyun-ah, or Heather, 43, who became infamous for a tantrum in 2014
over how she was served macadamia
nuts in first class before taking off
from New York. Heather ordered the
aircraft back to the gate and expelled
the chief flight attendant. The ?nut
rage? incident was originally deemed
a violation of airline safety laws but
she was later cleared of this and given
a suspended prison sentence for
minor offences. She returned as an
executive with Korean Air?s hotel
partner company last month.
the times | Tuesday April 17 2018
37
2G M
Business
world markets (Change on the day)
commodities
FTSE 100
7,198.20 (-66.36)
Gold
$1,367.10 (+21.30)
Mar 15
23
Apr 4
Dow Jones
24,573.04 (+212.90)
currencies
$
Brent crude (6pm)
$71.10 (-0.88)
$
�/$
$1.4333 (+0.0080)
$
�/?
?1.1583 (+0.0017)
�
7,800
28,500
1,500
78
1.450
1.200
7,400
26,500
1,400
70
1.400
1.150
7,000
24,500
1,300
62
1.350
1.100
6,600
22,500
1,200
54
1.300
12
Mar 16
26
Apr 4
12
Mar 16
26
Apr 4
12
Mar 16
26
Apr 4
12
Mar 16
26
Apr 4
12
1.050
Mar 16
26
Apr 4
12
Trade war threat damaging world economy, warns WTO chief
Callum Jones Trade Correspondent
The threat of a trade war between
the United States and China is unnerving business leaders and hitting
the entire global economy, the head of
the World Trade Organisation has
warned.
Roberto Azev阣o, the WTO
director-general, said that ?just the
possibility? of an escalation in the
dispute between the two countries was
having an impact on corporate investment decisions.
China has insisted that ?no option is
off the table? after President Trump
ordered US officials to compile a list of
products worth $100 billion that could
be hit by tariffs. Both countries had
already threatened to impose duties on
exports from the other worth $50 billion.
Officials in Beijing have formally
complained about the American pro-
posals to the WTO, which was set up in
1995 to regulate international trade and
as a place for countries to negotiate
deals and settle disputes. Mr Trump has
been highly critical of the WTO and
has claimed it has treated the US
unfairly.
Speaking in London at the Commonwealth Business Forum, Mr Azev阣o
said that the global impact of the
dispute between the White House and
Beijing was already being felt, although
he did not provide specific examples of
investment decisions that had been
postponed.
?We don?t even have to have a trade
war. Just the possibility that you are
going to have it is already affecting
business decisions,? he said. ?It?s
already affecting the global economy.?
Julie Bishop, the Australian foreign
minister, also speaking at the event,
said: ?It is in no nation?s interest for
there to be a trade war, not between any
nations, let alone the largest economies
in the world.?
The tit-for-tat between the US and
China has shown signs of calming in
recent days. Mr Trump has insisted the
US ?is not in a trade war with China?.
Ms Bishop expressed sympathy over
some of the issues raised by America,
particularly in relation to intellectual
property, but said that such problems
had to be resolved through the WTO.
Fox protectionism warning, page 40
NETFLIX
WPP hit as
fears grow
of break-up
Hunt for Sorrell successor starts with �n blow
Robin Pagnamenta
Deputy Business Editor
Almost �billion was wiped off the
value of WPP yesterday as the advertising giant launched a hunt for a chief
executive to succeed Sir Martin Sorrell
amid mounting fears that his exit could
precipitate a break-up of the company.
Shares in WPP closed down 6.5 per
cent at �.11, valuing the group at just
over � billion on the first day of
trading since Sir Martin resigned.
As well as uncertainty about the
future of WPP, there is anger about the
company?s use of non-disclosure agreements, which mean that allegations
against Sir Martin of personal misconduct and abuse of company funds,
which he denies, are unlikely to be
publicly aired.
Sir Martin, 73, resigned on Saturday
night after 32 years as chief executive.
He had built WPP into one of the
world?s biggest advertising companies,
with more than 200,000 staff and
annual revenues of � billion. His
exit came less than two weeks after
news that WPP had launched an
independent investigation into Sir
Martin. WPP has now concluded the
investigation.
David Herro, of Harris Associates,
WPP?s biggest shareholder, with a 7.4 per
cent stake, said it was ?regrettable? that
Sir Martin, Britain?s longest serving
FTSE 100 chief executive, had been
forced out in this way and with no firm
succession plan in place.
?Sir Martin is a visionary, a legend in
advertising and a skilful businessman,?
Mr Herro said. ?The circumstances
surrounding this are regrettable, as is a
leadership transition without Sir Martin?s involvement.?
The company, which has been struggling in the face of intense competition
from internet giants such as Google,
now has to find a chief executive. Last
month WPP published its weakest
annual results since the financial crisis.
The company?s share price has fallen by
a third over the past year.
In the interim Roberto Quarta, the
chairman, has taken an executive role
while Mark Read, chief executive of
WPP Digital, and Andrew Scott, chief
operating officer for Europe, have been
named co-chief operating officers.
Yesterday several external candidates were linked with the role, including Andrew Robertson, chief of BBDO,
the advertising agency, Adam Crozier,
the former ITV boss, and Jeremy Darroch, chief executive of Sky.
The nature of Sir Martin?s departure
has been questioned after it emerged
that WPP was unlikely to reveal the allegations against him or the finding of
its investigation. Sir Martin leaves WPP
with share awards worth � million.
Sir Vince Cable, the Liberal Democrat leader, accused WPP of sweeping
the claims ?under the carpet?. He
acknowledged that Sir Martin, who
owns 1.4 per cent of WPP, was a ?highly
respected figure?, but added that ?any
investigations done by the company
should be made public?.
Alan
MacDougall,
managing
director of Pensions and Investment
Research Consultants, the corporate
Continued on page 43, col 4
Alistair Osborne, page 39
Lost in Space is one of Netflix?s original series. It has won over viewers by taking bigger risks than the Hollywood studios
Netflix?s record growth lifts tech gloom
Deirdre Hipwell
Netflix?s willingness to take risks
appeared to be paying off last night
when it reported record revenue
growth in the first quarter.
As the on-demand video company
continues to attract new subscribers, it
said that its revenue had hit $3.7 billion
in the first three months in the ?fastest
pace in the history of our streaming
business?. This was up from $2.6 billion
at the same time last year and ahead of
expectations on Wall Street. Its net
income was $290 million, again up significantly from $178 million last year.
Netflix?s subscription basis for films
and series is gaining on traditional
models of advertising-funded viewing.
It makes most of its own content and
has won over viewers by being prepared
to take bigger risks than traditional
Hollywood studios.
During the first quarter of the year,
Netflix has launched more than a
dozen original series, as well as new
seasons from existing original series.
This included a fresh season of Jessica
Jones and the launch of a David
Letterman show, which began with an
interview with Barack Obama, the
former US president.
In a key sign that its aim of achieving
a global network of subscribers is on
track, Netflix said that it had added
7.41 million new customers in the first
quarter. This was a three-month
record, up 50 per cent year-on-year,
ahead of its own 6.35 million forecast
and came even as it increased its prices
for subscribers. Much of the growth
came from overseas, where numbers
jumped by 5.46 million subscribers,
compared with a forecast of 4.9 million.
Netflix?s international business now
accounts for 50 per cent of its revenue
and 55 per cent of its membership.
Netflix?s performance will be welcomed by a technology industry that is
having a torrid time. Amazon has been
heavily criticised by President Trump,
while Facebook?s value has taken a hit
over the Cambridge Analytica scandal.
Netflix, however, continues to confound critics, with its stock rising more
than 60 per cent so far this year. Its
shares rose 6.8 per cent in after-hours
trading last night to $307.78.
The company is now worth about
$140 billion.
38
1G M
Tuesday April 17 2018 | the times
Business
Need to know
1
Ministers are braced for a
series of defeats on the
government?s Brexit legislation
in the House of Lords this week.
Peers are set to defy the
government on the customs union.
Page 8
2
JD Wetherspoon has closed
its social media accounts,
saying that Twitter, Facebook
and Instagram encourage
compulsive behaviour. The pub
chain tweeted the announcement.
Critics called it a publicity stunt.
Page 15
3
Elsie Owusu, a leading
architect, will begin her
campaign to become the next
president of the Royal Institute of
British Architects today, despite
accusing her professional body of
?institutionalised racism?. Page 16
4
Almost �billion was wiped
from the value of WPP as the
advertising giant launched a
hunt for a chief executive to
succeed Sir Martin Sorrell. As well
as uncertainity about the future of
the company he founded, there is
anger about the use of nondisclosure agreements
surrounding his exit. Page 37
5
The threat of a trade war
between the United States
and China is unnerving
business leaders and hitting the
global economy, the head of the
World Trade Organisation
warned. Roberto Azev阣o said
that ?just the possibility? of an
escalation in the dispute was
having an impact on corporate
investment decisions. Page 37
6
Shire is to sell its cancer
business to a French rival in a
move that could complicate
? or clear the way for ? its
takeover by a Japanese company.
Takeda has confirmed an interest
in Shire to strengthen its presence
in its key areas of gastroenterology, neuroscience and,
significantly, oncology.
7
The European Union
remains the biggest trading
partner for British services
after a rise in exports in the final
quarter of last year. Exports of
services rose by 10.1 per cent to
�.3 billion compared with the
previous quarter, the Office for
National Statistics said. Page 40
8
Documents showing that
bribes worth millions of
dollars were allegedly paid by
a company controlled by Beny
Steinmetz, the Israeli billionaire, to
secure vast iron-ore deposits in
west Africa appear to be genuine,
according to an American forensic
laboratory. Page 42
9
Unlockd, an Australian
technology start-up, has
scrapped plans for an initial
public offering amid a dispute with
Google. It claims that Google is
trying to obstruct its development
by refusing to allow consumers to
access its app via Google Play and
has applied for a High Court
injunction. Page 44
10
A strong US economy and
President Trump?s tax cuts
helped to lift Bank of
America?s profit by nearly a third
in the first quarter. Revenues rose
at three of its four main
businesses, led by a jump of 9 per
cent in consumer banking. Page 45
Vauxhall cancels all UK dealer contracts
CARL COURT/GETTY IMAGES
Robert Lea Industrial Editor
Dozens of car dealerships with thousands of employees are to be cut from
the Vauxhall retail showroom network.
Months after a takeover by Groupe
PSA and against a background of
crashing sales ? Vauxhall volumes are
down 20 per cent this year and fell by
22 per cent in 2017 ? Vauxhall Motors
said that it would terminate its contracts with all 326 of its dealers in the
UK.
The majority, it said, would be taken
back on new contracts. Industry speculation suggests that Vauxhall will end
up about 30 per cent smaller with about
230 dealerships.
Stephen Norman, managing director
of Vauxhall Motors, said that he
believed there would be no redundancies across the dealer showrooms
affected, many of which sell multiple
brands.
The Vauxhall dealership network
employs more than 12,100 people. Mr
Norman said that he expected the
dealerships affected to take on other
brands to replace their Vauxhall volumes or to move into ?another avenue
of the motor industry?.
He insisted: ?I do not expect any
retail dealer closures.?
Although Vauxhall has long been
owned by General Motors, it is
regarded as a quintessentially British
mid-market brand, having been
founded as a manufacturer in the early
20th century in south London before
moving its main factory to Luton. It
continues to make Vivaro vans at the
Luton plant and the Astra model at its
Ellesmere Port factory in Cheshire. All
other Vauxhall models are made in
factories run by Opel, its sister company, at facilities in Germany, Spain
and Poland.
After years of heavy financial losses,
the Vauxhall and Opel brands were sold
by GM last year to PSA, the French
company behind Peugeot and Citro雗.
PSA?s owners include the French government and Dongfeng, the Chinese
carmaker.
Vauxhall Motors said that it had put
its whole British retail network on a
two-year notice that contracts would
be cancelled before entering into new
Vauxhall is expected to lose about 30 per cent of present showrooms as it renegotiates its dealership contracts from 2020
renegotiated contracts with a smaller
number from 2020 onwards.
Mr Norman said the cuts were the
result of ?ferocious competition? in the
market, the expected increase in
motorists buying their cars online and t
demands made by PSA for ?1 billion
of savings in the Vauxhall/Opel
business.
Vauxhall has slid from being the
main competitor in Britain to the bestselling Ford to trailing behind Volkswagen. The Astra, which for years had
been among the four favourite buys of
the British motorist, has fallen out of
the top ten bestsellers list.
Mr Norman said it was ?inevitable?
that its new franchise relationships
would sell Vauxhalls alongside its new
siblings Peugeot and Citro雗. Peugeot
sales are down by more than 25 per cent
over the past two years. Citro雗 sales
were down 30 per cent in March.
The uncertainty in Vauxhall?s dealer
network comes at a volatile time in the
car industry. Jaguar Land Rover is laying off 1,000 agency workers. PSA is yet
to commit to keeping the Ellesmere
Port factory open but has cut the number of workers there by a third.
Shire?s $2.4bn cancer sale to
make or break Takeda deal
Katherine Griffiths Banking Editor
Shire is to sell its cancer business to a
French rival in a move that could
complicate ? or clear the way for ? its
potential takeover by Takeda.
Shares in the Dublin-based drugs
maker jumped almost 2 per cent yesterday before falling back sharply after it
announced the $2.4 billion sale to
Servier, with onlookers unclear
whether the move would help or hinder
the much larger acquisition.
Takeda, of Japan, has confirmed an
interest in Shire to strengthen its
presence in its key areas of gastroenterology, neuroscience and, significantly, oncology.
However, it also is interested in
Shire?s rare diseases portfolio, which
will come more into focus after the sale
of the cancer division, a deal that also
could make Shire more affordable for
Takeda, whose shares have fallen since
it revealed its interest on March 28.
Shire is best known for its treatments
for hyperactivity disorders. It generates
about two thirds of its revenues in the
United States, where it recorded sales
of $14.4 billion last year. More than half
of its employees are based in America.
Takeda can trace its history back to
keda, its
1781, when Chobei Takeda,
founder, sold herbal medicines in Osaka. Its
decision to bid comess
after recent falls in
Shire?s share price.
Under Takeover
Panel rules, Takeda
has until April 25 to
make a firm offer for
Shire.
Kazuyoshi
Saito, a senior analyst
ifor Iwai Cosmo Securihat
ties, told Bloomberg that
gested
the oncology sale suggested
that ?Takeda and Shire are
heading in the same direction?
direction?.
Takeda has been sounding out banks
to finance a deal in the region of � billion for Shire. Analysts believe that the
acquisition would be transformational
for Takeda, but in the short term would
be a big stretch as the company is worth
less than its target. If the acquisition
goes through, it would be the largest
overseas takeover by a Japanese
group.
Shire said yesterday that
it had started to look at
selli
selling
the oncology
bu
business
in December
an had considered
and
?m
?multiple
potential
s
strategic
buyers?
fr
from
the United
S
States,
Europe and
Ja
Japan.
I said that it was
It
cons
considering
returning
procee of the sale to
proceeds
investors through a share
investors
buyback pro
buyback
programme after the
peri
present offer period,
during which
Takeda could launch a formal bid,
expires.
Flemming Ornskov, Shire?s chief
executive, said of the sale to Servier:
?This transaction is a key milestone for
Shire, demonstrating the clear value
embedded in our portfolio. While the
oncology business has delivered high
growth and profitability, we have concluded that it is not core to Shire?s
longer-term strategy.
?We will continue to evaluate our
portfolio for opportunities to unlock
further value and sharpen our focus on
rare disease leadership with selective
disposals of non-strategic assets.?
Shire?s share price surged last month
after Takeda said that it was considering a takeover. It fell back yesterday,
however, sliding 47絧, or 1.3 per cent, to
�.59. Shire is now valued at about
�.8 billion.
Analysts at Shore Capital said of the
oncology unit sale: ?The business,
which includes the in-market products
Oncaspar and Onivyde, generated
sales of $262 million in 2017, so the
transaction represents a multiple of 9.2
times 2017 revenue.?
the times | Tuesday April 17 2018
39
2G M
Business
Street-fighting man?s
shabby departure
business commentary Alistair Osborne
S
ir Martin Sorrell has his faults.
But they?ve never included a
lack of curiosity. Every results
statement tells you that.
Just look at the ex-WPP
chief?s (now) valedictory missive in
March. It came with a 130-page
full-year analyst presentation and his
views on just about everything: the
?political prospects for the Korean
peninsula?, ?the low cost of money
driving zero-based budgeting?, the rise
of ?piranha? brands.
So ask yourself this: is it really
credible that the 73-year old who spent
a third of a century building WPP into
the world?s biggest advertising group
would not demand to know the precise
nature of the whistleblower allegations
against him? Of course it isn?t. He?d
have wanted every last forensic detail.
To argue otherwise is as sad as it is
inconceivable.
Yet that was the version of events put
about yesterday by Sir Martin?s friends.
They claimed his pre-Easter interview
with the US law firm Wilmerhale
involved an interrogation in only the
vaguest of terms over an allegation of
?personal misconduct?, involving
amounts not ?material to WPP?. As
such, he left the room two hours later
apparently unaware of the key charge.
Then things got out of control. News
of the inquiry was leaked, possibly by a
WPP non-exec to The Wall Street
Journal. All hell broke loose, fatally
damaging Sir Martin?s relations with
the board. And so on Saturday night he
quit, believing the ?disruption we are
experiencing is simply putting too
much unnecessary pressure on the
business? and its 200,000 staff.
Yes, some of that may be true. But if
Sir Martin didn?t know of the specific
allegation, what was he doing denying
it ?unreservedly? 12 days ago? And if
he thought it untrue, what?s a streetfighter like him doing sloping out of
the business he created? He?s gone to
court before to stand up for his beliefs,
even at personal cost. Remember the
case that publicised his affair with a
senior figure at WPP?s Italian wing: the
one where the duo were branded ?the
mad dwarf and the nympho schizo??
What about this alternative version
of events then? That Sir Martin was
told precisely what the allegation was
? and it was not only true but
potentially embarrassing. So, instead of
fighting the claim, he?s spent the past
fortnight ensuring it would not be
made public, while negotiating the best
possible financial exit he could: one
reason, maybe, that he hired two law
firms, Lewis Silkin and the litigation
hot shots Quinn Emmanuel.
Of course, this is only conjecture.
But that?s how Sir Martin and the
board want to keep things. He has
signed a non-disclosure agreement ?
an effective gagging order that stops
not only him but, conveniently, the
board from facing awkward questions.
The Lib Dems? Sir Vince Cable finds
such secrecy ?profoundly
unsatisfactory?. He?s right.
The upshot? The board, led by its
new executive chairman Roberto
Quarta, has got away without having
to explain what the man who built the
business has allegedly done wrong.
Meantime, despite his shabby exit, Sir
Martin can be ?treated as having
retired? ? effectively a good leaver.
Lob in his unusual ?at-will?
employment contract and he?s in line
for shares worth almost � million ?
even at yesterday?s price, down 6.5 per
cent to �.11. Is that really deserved in
the circumstances? Not least when Sir
Martin?s already been paid more than
�0 million in the past five years.
True, there would be no WPP without
Sir Martin, who owns almost 2 per cent
of the group. But what a sorry way to go:
a demeaning exit for him and a board
complicit in hushing up the reason for
it. Even a famous ad outfit would
struggle to put a happy gloss on that.
Succession plans
S
till, one thing Sir Martin Sorrell
must have appreciated: the WPP
succession plan. So far it?s taken
three people to replace him: Mark
Read, boss of the group?s Wunderman
digital agency; Andrew Scott, chief
operating officer for Europe; and
chairman Roberto Quarta, now
assuming executive duties.
Or to put it another way, no real
succession plan at all ? except for an
emergency one. Of that trio, only Mr
Read looks a potential successor. And
even then, there must be a strong case
for an external candidate to take a hard
look at Sir Martin?s empire, spanning
3,000 offices in 113 countries.
Yes, yesterday?s share price drop was
a compliment of sorts to Sir Martin.
But the shares were already down a
third in 12 months, with WPP more
lowly rated than rivals such as
Omnicom, Publicis and Interpublic.
And any new boss will look at a breakup, with analysts believing that selling
the Kantar market research wing would
be a quick way to demonstrate value. It
could fetch �5 billion: about a quarter
of WPP?s market value for 15 per cent
of net sales. Liberum analysts think the
PR businesses may follow.
The risk, though, is that the talent
walks while the board faffs around
finding a successor to make the big
decisions. It needs to get a move on.
Whitbread jump
N
ot the Whitbread break-up story
again. This time, Elliott Advisors
is the activist behind it ? and
one that?s now the group?s biggest
investor with more than 6 per cent of
the shares. The market liked its plans,
too, to split Premier Inn hotels from
Costa Coffee. The shares leapt 7 per
cent to �.18 (report, page 49).
It was the biggest one-day jump this
decade. The second biggest? When
Whitbread?s other activist, Sachem
Head, showed up with 3.4 per cent.
Unlike Sachem, Elliott is sensibly not
interested in hotel sale and leasebacks
that would remove Whitbread?s asset
backing and make it a riskier group. It
just wants a demerger, believing it
could add �billion of value.
True, it reckons getting there would
cost up to � million. But even Alison
Brittain, Whitbread boss since
September 2015, has no philosophical
objection to break-up: her issue is
timing, not least while she improves
Costa. Still, Whitbread shares are down
15 per cent since December 2015, while
pure hotel plays such as Marriott,
Hilton and Intercontinental are up by
at least 73 per cent. Even UK-focused
Greggs, a Costa rival, is up 1 per cent.
Ms Brittain may find it tricky to resist.
alistair.osborne@thetimes.co.uk
Labour MP savages party?s water policy
Robert Lea Industrial Editor
A senior Labour MP is delivering a
withering analysis today of her
party?s commitment to nationalisation of the water industry, saying that
the plans are undeveloped, uncosted
and should not be a priority amid so
many post-Brexit challenges.
In a speech at a water industry conference in Manchester and writing in
The Times, Angela Smith, chairwoman of the all-party parliamentary group for water, denounces the
nationalisation proposals promoted
by John McDonnell, the shadow
chancellor, as ideological and
founded in the ?politics of the past?.
The water sector was privatised
nearly 30 years ago in the wave of
industrial and utility reforms ordered
by Margaret Thatcher. It is divided
into ten regional monopolies, plus a
handful of small local suppliers.
The industry, particularly Thames
Water, its largest supplier, has been
much-criticised for taking on huge
debts to pay investors large dividends
while household bills go up.
Ms Smith, an avowed opponent of
Jeremy Corbyn?s leadership, writes
that Mr McDonnell has come up with
little detail on what a nationalised
regional water company ownership
model will look like. Criticising the
plans as ?an expensive indulgence in
the politics of the past?, Ms Smith
says: ?A newly nationalised water
industry would be founded on the
altar of ideology and constantly
vulnerable to political interference.?
She adds: ?It is madness to concentrate on the stale old debate about
who owns the water industry, rather
than how it is regulated.?
She will tell the Twenty65 water
conference that a Labour government should focus on a ?bold reform?
of Ofwat. She will say that the water
regulator is unambitious, bureaucratic and that its five-year control
periods and pricing mechanisms are
outdated.
Angela Smith, page 43
40
2G M
Tuesday April 17 2018 | the times
Business
US retail sales
rise for first
time in 2018
QE2 docks
as a hotel
in Dubai
A
fter four
decades as
one of the
world?s most
luxurious cruise ships,
the Queen Elizabeth 2
will embark tomorrow
on a new life as a
permanently moored
hotel and tourism
destination in Dubai
(Dominic Walsh
writes).
The liner, which is
docked at Mina
Rashid, has been
converted into a
13-deck hotel, with
rooms ranging from
a standard size of
17 sq m to two royal
suites of 76 sq m.
By the time all herr
facilities are ready for
3
use, she will have 13
restaurants and
bars, meeting
rooms, a ballroom
and the QE2
Exhibition, an
interactive
museum.
The QE2 was
named on
September 20, 1967,
hn
by the Queen at John
Philip Aldrick
B
Brown?s shipyard
o
on Clydebank, left,
an
and made her
ma
maiden transatla
atlantic voyage
almo
almost two years later.
By the time she was
retired from active
service by Cunard in
2008, the QE2 had
completed 1,400
voyages. Having been
acquired by Dubai
World, she was due to
be converted almost
immediately to a
floating hotel moored
at the Palm Jumeirah,
but these plans were
put on ice because of
the financial crisis. At
one point there were
fears that she would
have to be scrapped.
Export figures boost case for a
post-Brexit services trade deal
Tom Knowles Economics Correspondent
The European Union remains the
biggest trading partner for British services after a leap in exports in the final
quarter of last year.
Exports of services rose by 10.1 per
cent to �.3 billion in the final three
months of last year compared with the
previous quarter, according to figures
from the Office for National Statistics.
Meanwhile, imports of services fell
from �.3 billion to � billion.
This meant that the UK generated a
trade surplus of � billion in services
for the final quarter and �.8 billion for
the whole of last year, securing the
country?s position among global
leaders in services.
Much of this trade surplus came from
the EU, showing the importance of
creating a post-Brexit trade deal that
prioritises services. Philip Hammond,
the chancellor, has called for a bespoke
trade agreement that could maintain
the financial services industry?s access
to the European market. However, the
EU has offered no more than a basic
free trade agreement so far.
Services account for 80 per cent of
the economy, with Britons enjoying
success in exporting banking, insurance, travel and business services. The
services that Britain imports include
telecoms and computer services.
Despite the trade surplus in services,
Britain still ended with an overall trade
deficit of �.8 billion during the final
quarter of the year because of the lack
of goods it exported.
A breakdown of the figures from the
ONS showed that the EU accounted for
40 per cent of Britain?s exports of services in the final three months of last
year, making it the largest region. Exports to the EU rose by 8.7 per cent to
�.4 billion in the period, with the biggest increases coming from Ireland and
the Netherlands.
However, the data also showed that
the United States is the largest trading
�.8bn
Britain?s overall trade deficit
partner for services from Britain of any
one country. Exports to the US made up
19.9 per cent of the total, rising by
�3 million to �4 billion in the final
quarter of last year, with legal, accounting and management performing
strongly.
Ireland replaced Germany as the
second largest export market in the
final quarter. The value of services
exports to Ireland was �2 billion, or
7.2 per cent of the total.
Baihas Baghdadi, global head of
trade and working capital at Barclays,
said: ?The picture continues to look
positive for Britain?s exporters, with
international consumers going out of
their way to buy British.?
Exports to Australia and New Zealand decreased between the third and
fourth quarters. There was a � million
fall in exports of services to �1 million
to the global regions of Australasia,
Oceania and the Polar Regions. The
ONS said that this was mainly because
of to a fall in exports to Australia.
Exports to Asia increased by
�7 million to �1 billion in the fourth
quarter, still below the �38 billion of
the second quarter.
Protectionism could fuel mass migration, Fox warns
Callum Jones Trade Correspondent
Countries that try to obstruct free trade
should not be surprised if they face
rising radicalisation, Britain?s international trade secretary has warned.
Liam Fox spoke out as world leaders
convened in central London for the
Commonwealth summit, amid concern
over a global trade war between the
United States and China. The world?s
two largest economies are involved in a
tit-for-tat spat in which they have
threatened tariffs on each other.
Dr Fox said: ?You cannot choose to
have protectionism rather than free
trade without there being consequen-
ces. If you choose not to have global free
trade, do not be surprised if you get
increased mass migration or increased
radicalisation.?
Theresa May also warned that global
growth was ?fragile? and that the risks
of protectionism ?are all too clear?. In a
speech at the Commonwealth Business
Forum, the prime minister called on the
53 member states to help to tear down
the barriers to free trade in order to
lower prices and create jobs.
?When we all work to the same standards, when we break down the barriers
to trade and we empower women to
take their rightful place in the economy,
the benefits are felt not just by countries
6 The pound closed in on its postBrexit-referendum high as markets
continued to price in higher interest
rates and remained hopeful that
progress would be made in Brexit
talks. Sterling rose by 0.7 per cent to
reach $1.4332, its highest January
and less than seven cents off its level
the day before the referendum in
June 2016. Against the euro, sterling
rose 0.2 per cent to ?1.1565, its
highest since late May last year.
Traders are positioned for the
Bank of England to raise rates by a
quarter of a point to 0.75 per cent
next month.
and individuals involved,? Mrs May
said.
Commonwealth countries have been
identified by the government as a
potential opportunity for Britain to
expand its trade after it leaves the
European Union.
Dr Fox, who campaigned for Brexit,
said that it would ?usher in a new era? of
British trade with the Commonwealth.
?We are taking decisive action to
strengthen our post-Brexit trading
relationships with our Commonwealth
partners,? he said.
The Commonwealth was formally
created in 1949 and covers 2.4 billion
people, about half of whom live in India.
America?s shoppers bounced back into
action in March after three gloomy
months, stepping up spending on cars
and other big-ticket items in a sign of
gathering confidence.
Retail sales rebounded from three
straight monthly declines to grow by
0.6 per cent, slightly better than had
been expected. Bad weather was partly
to blame for poor sales in the prior three
months, but lacklustre consumer
spending, combined with recent weak
sentiment, raised concerns that the
engine of US growth was misfiring.
?It is encouraging to see consumer
spending finding its footing after the
weakness evident in recent months,?
Gregory Daco, chief US economist at
Oxford Economics, said. ?We expect
that the tax cuts and solid income
growth are buoying consumer outlays.?
Strong retail sales suggest that the
world?s largest economy will get back
on track after a slow start to 2018.
Oxford Economics is forecasting
annualised growth of 1.5 per cent in the
three months to March, climbing to
3.7 per cent for the following three
months. The strengthening jobs market
is also thought to have been behind the
rebound.
Sales in February were held back by
delays to the distribution of tax refunds.
Sales of cars grew by 2 per cent monthon-month and furniture by 0.7 per cent.
Deal with EU
or no deal with
us, China says
Callum Jones
British trade negotiations with China
will face ?great uncertainties? if
ministers fail to strike a Brexit deal,
Beijing?s top diplomat in Brussels has
warned.
Only a deal with the European Union
will pave the way for the UK to hold
?more detailed? talks with big markets,
according to Zhang Ming, head of the
Chinese mission to the European
Union.
?If there is not a Brexit deal, there
won?t be things to talk about after that,?
he told Politico. ?If the EU and the UK
fail to reach agreement in the first place,
the UK?s agreements with other parties
may have to face great uncertainties.?
Britain is due to begin talks over its
future trading relationship with the EU
this week and it is optimistic that it will
strike a trade deal before the conclusion
of the post-Brexit transition period in
December 2020. As it prepares to leave
the bloc next March, ministers hope to
boost trade with large economies such
as the United States and China.
Mr Zhang said: ?Only with an EUUK deal can the UK be in a better
position to have more detailed discussions with other players of the international community.
?If Brexit goes well, I believe there
will not be a big impact on the UK?s cooperation with other members of the
international community.?
The ambassador noted a joint commission set up by Whitehall and Beijing
would pave the way for further engagement. ?That?s why I say that not everything will start from zero after Brexit.
We already have a solid basis,? he said.
The Department for International
Trade said that the UK-China business
relationship was ?strong and growing?.
the times | Tuesday April 17 2018
41
1G M
Comment Business
Patrick Hosking
Philip Aldrick
Data can be a big force
for public good, but
only if used properly
Disclose or be damned: boards must
come clean on takeover approaches
??
Silence isn?t so
golden, after all.
Two British
companies have
raised eyebrows
with investors or regulators recently
for keeping schtum and failing to
disclose immediately that they had
been on the receiving end of takeover
approaches.
Hammerson, the property group
behind the Birmingham Bullring
shopping centre, kept secret for 11
days an unwanted �billion bid
approach from Kl閜ierre, its French
rival, only belatedly coming clean
after being flushed out by a report in
The Times.
Then First Group, the transport
company that runs Great Western
trains in Britain and Greyhound
buses in America, belatedly revealed
that it had been on the receiving end
of an ?opportunistic? proposal from
Apollo, a private equity group. It?s not
clear how long First Group kept this
information secret from shareholders,
but its share price had been surging
for days, suggesting that someone was
in the know and was trading on the
price-sensitive information. Just
before the announcement was made,
the shares had climbed by more than
23 per cent in two weeks.
In each case, with hindsight it looks
like someone should have ?fessed up
earlier, though for very different
reasons.
The case for more candour from
Hammerson is because it was
engaged separately in a plan to merge
with Intu, another British shopping
centre group. This was and is a
profound, irrreversible
and existential
moment for
Hammerson. At times
like these, shareholders
want to be in full possession of
all the facts.
Some investors were
already concerned about
the Intu deal. It means
Hammerson doubling
down on traditional
British bricks-and-mortar
shops just as consumers
are stampeding to buy
online. If ever there were a
moment for Hammerson
First Group operates the
famous Greyhound bus
network in America
investors to be in a position to
consider a Plan B, this would be it.
The case for First Group to have
been more transparent was different.
It was because of the danger of
market abuse. The rocketing share
price was a screaming signal that the
information had leaked and that
some people might be insider dealing,
at the expense of less well-informed
shareholders.
The Takeover Panel regards a share
price movement of 10 per cent as
material, or 5 per cent on a single day,
and demands that an announcement
should be made in these
circumstances ?within minutes? by
either the prospective bidder or
biddee. The Financial Conduct
Authority is investigating.
The excessive secrecy has damaged
both companies, but sometimes
boards in similar positions can be in a
delicate position. For a start, they are
governed by two complex sets of
guidelines running in tandem and
sometimes overlapping, the Takeover
Code and the FCA?s Market Abuse
Regime.
So long as an approach hasn?t
leaked into the market, there are
sometimes very good reasons to keep
quiet. Frivolous or mischievous
approaches can alarm employees,
clients and suppliers unnecessarily
and their disclosure simply ends up
damaging the business. They also
become a much more onerous
management distraction once
publicly aired.
Non-disclosure can be a powerful
negotiating tool, as well. The message
is: ?Your offer terms are so derisorily
low we are not even going to give
them the credibility of
announcing them.? Nondisclosure also prevents
the start of the clock
running on a rigid bid
timetable that might
derail a more worthwhile
offer later.
The First Group failing
looks the more egregrious
of the two. Either the
transport group or its
unsolicited biddder should
have disclosed earlier.
Under panel rules, the
offeror has a duty to
disclose in the wake of a
shares rise if it is ?actively
considering an offer?, even
if it has not yet put it to
the offeree. Insider dealing is an
odious crime that does serious
reputational damage to the City.
Yet the Hammerson case, despite
Kl閜ierre subsequently walking away,
is perhaps more interesting because it
goes to the heart of how capitalism is
changing ? and how managements
may need to change, too, if they are
not to be accused of improperly
concealing material facts from their
owners.
Traditionally, shareholders would
be reluctant to interfere in a case like
this. They appoint directors to make
the strategic decisions. Boards have
the expertise, facts, time and wisdom
to come to the right decision.
Shareholders have to trust them.
Forty-nine times out of 50, they
would back their judgment, voting in
favour of the directors?
recommendations.
But that trust has started to
diminish. We see it in the large
increase in the number of votes
against company-recommended
resolutions and in the occasional fullscale revolt over boardroom pay. We
saw it in the defeat of GKN by
Melrose (enough investors believed
the line that GKN management were
more interested in their jobs, perks
and prestige than in acting in the
long-run interests of the owners).
Above all, it is evident in the rise of
activists ? investment insitutions
that disagree with the strategic
direction of listed companies and
alight on their share registers to
agitate for a reform. The targeting of
Whitbread by Elliott Advisors, which
wants to pressure it into demerging
Costa Coffee from Premier Inn, is just
the latest spat where shareholders no
longer automatically assume that the
board knows best. If the likes of
Nestl�, Procter & Gamble, RollsRoyce, Unilever and Barclays are
having to adjust to accommodate this
new breed of more intrusive investor,
no one is safe.
For reasons of market cleanliness
and shareholder uppitiness, boards
receiving bid approaches need to err
on the side of greater disclosure. As
with so much else,
more daylight and
less secrecy is
probably no bad
thing.
David Smith knows which
way the wind blows
He?s written economic reports for Lloyds Bank and been a forecaster at the
Henley Centre. Now, columnist David Smith uses his insight and experience
to predict future trends, ensuring that you?re well informed.
Don?t miss David Smith in The Times tomorrow
??
Patrick Hosking is Financial Editor
of The Times
I
t was a famous promise, made
infamous after it was broken in
spectacular fashion. ?We will
never return to the old boom
and bust,? Gordon Brown said
in his last budget as chancellor in
2006. The boom was peaking as he
spoke and the bust, when it came
two years later, would make the
?old? ones look mild. No one, surely,
would make such a claim again.
Except they have.
A couple of months ago, the chief
economist of a big American private
equity firm told me that he believed
the economic cycle had been
?smoothed out?. The protagonist
this time, though, was not an overreaching politician but Big Data.
?The amount of information and
the capacity for data processing
means business cycles can last
longer,? he said. ?There won?t be
Size of Britain?s data economy
(gross value added)
�.6bn*
�.3bn
�.3bn
2012
Source: Digital Realty
2016
2025
*forecast
such a boom-bust cycle.? In the past,
companies ?engaged in excessive
stockbuilding? in a boom. When
demand tailed off, overcapacity led
to price cuts and job losses. Today,
companies can use data to predict
customer behaviour and streamline
supply chains. Even small businesses
can access data analytics thanks to
?the cloud?.
Combine that with ?just-in-time?
supply chains, which allow
companies to run thin inventory,
and you have a business cycle in
which the booms may be flatter and
the busts shallower. The theory has
yet to be tested, but at least there?s
more to it than political aspiration.
If nothing else, it?s a reminder
after the Facebook scandal that Big
Data is not the enemy. Data on its
own is neither good nor bad. That
depends on how it is used. I?m not
talking about Facebook here. The
social network is in trouble because
it commercialises data, which runs
into distinct moral issues. Much of
today?s data is collected by
companies to improve their systems,
not for advertising. Even so, there
are pitfalls.
Health is good example of the
uses and abuses of data. In 2001,
nearly 32,000 people died in
American hospitals from infections
caused by the tubes inserted into
patients? veins to administer drugs.
Alarmed by the scale of the
problem, Peter Pronovost, a critical
care specialist in Baltimore,
introduced a checklist of five simple
procedures across Michigan
hospitals and started collecting data.
His methods reduced infections by
two thirds, saving thousands of lives
and billions of dollars, and have
been adopted in Britain and Spain.
Unfortunately, as Jerry Z Muller
writes in The Tyranny of Metrics,
data is not always a power for good.
As a performance tool, it can have
terrible consequences. ?Numerous
studies have shown that cardiac
surgeons became less willing to
operate on severely ill patients after
the introduction of publicly
available metrics,? he says. Doctors
started ?treating to the test?. To hit
their targets, ?some sicker patients
were simply not operated on?.
The danger in a data-heavy world
is that we get transfixed by
measurement, which can distort
behaviour, rather than investigation,
which can improve it. Business is a
world where ?accountability has
come to mean demonstrating
success through standardised
measurement?, Mr Muller writes.
Yet replacing judgment with targets
rarely works for anyone bar the
bosses and their bonuses.
As long ago as 1975, Charles
Goodhart, a Bank of England
ratesetter from 1997 to 2000, warned
that data was useless once it became
a target. ?Any observed statistical
regularity will tend to collapse once
pressure is placed upon it for control
purposes,? he said.
Maybe Big Data can iron out the
business cycle, leaving Mr Brown to
curse his timing. Maybe it will be
used by experts to improve
healthcare and policing. Or maybe it
will be ?used by those not in a
position to evaluate the significance
of the data? to create a damaging
target culture, as Mr Muller warns.
Just don?t blame the data.
Philip Aldrick is Economics Editor of
The Times
42
2G M
Tuesday April 17 2018 | the times
Business
Steinmetz bribery documents not forged, expert says
Robin Pagnamenta
Deputy Business Editor
Documents showing that bribes worth
millions of dollars were allegedly paid
by a company controlled by an Israeli
billionaire to secure vast iron-ore
deposits in west Africa appear to be
genuine, according to a leading forgery
expert.
At a tribunal hearing in Paris last
month, lawyers considered evidence
from Riley Welch, an American forensic laboratory appointed to offer an
independent and impartial assessment.
The report, seen by The Times,
claimed that there was ?no evidence to
indicate that any of the disputed documents were fraudulently produced?.
The disputed documents lie at the
centre of a bitter battle for control of the
Simandou iron ore deposit in Guinea.
They appear to offer proof that millions
of dollars were channelled to Mamadie
Tour�, a wife of Guinea?s former dictator Lansana Cont�.
In 2008 BSGR, a company controlled
by Beny Steinmetz, a diamond tycoon,
was awarded part of the Simandou concession formerly owned by Rio Tinto,
one of the world?s biggest miners. BSGR
then sold a share to Vale, the Brazilian
group, in a $2.5 billion deal.
BSGR and Mr Steinmetz, 62, have
consistently denied wrongdoing, saying that the documents are forgeries.
BSGR, which has declined to comment,
citing legal sensitivities, claimed that
they had surfaced in the hands of a ?fix-
$1bn
Beny Steinmetz?s estimated wealth
er? who wanted money to have them
destroyed. Forbes magazine estimates
that Mr Steinmetz is worth $1 billion.
The report from Riley Welch, which
specialises in forensic analysis of docu-
CURRENCY SERVICES
ments, was presented at the International Centre for Settlement of
Investment Disputes. It said that three
disputed signatures appeared to be
genuine. ?No evidence or characteristics commonly associated with traced
or simulated forgeries were observed,?
it said.
BSGR presented a report from
Robert Radley, another expert, casting
doubt on this. It said that the documents
could be the work of a master forger and
that the claims in the Riley Welch report
were ?inappropriate, potentially misleading and . . . used selectively in its
interpretation of the evidence. It does
not necessarily follow that the alternative ? that the documents are genuine ? represents the truth of the
matter.?
The documents contain the alleged
signature of Asher Avidan, former head
of BSGR?s Guinea operations, and
appear to have been signed in Conakry,
Guinea?s capital, in February 2008.
That was five months before General
Cont� took the Simandou concession
away from Rio Tinto and ten months
before the northern half of that concession was given to Mr Steinmetz.
The documents stipulate that Mrs
Tour� would receive a 5 per cent stake
in the northern ?blocks? of Simandou,
plus $2 million to be paid through a
shell company. She agreed ?to do all
that is necessary? to help BSGR to ?obtain from the authorities the signature
for the obtaining of said blocks?.
BSGR launched an action against the
Guinea government seeking the return
of the mining rights to Simandou in
April 2014 after it was stripped of them
following a dispute over whether bribery was involved.
Daniel Balint-Kurti of Global Witness, the anti-corruption group, said:
?These contracts have been a central
piece of evidence since the beginning.?
CITY
PEOPLE
The feuds, the faces and the farcical
Dominic Walsh @walshdominic
Need to manage
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Business big shot
name patrick
thomas
age 60
position
chairman,
johnson
matthey
T
here could hardly be a
better time to get behind the
wheel of a company looking
to cash in on the rise of electric
vehicles (Gurpreet Narwan
writes). In Patrick Thomas?s case,
that means a job at Johnson
Matthey.
True, it may not be Tesla or
even Nissan, but there is more to
electric travel than the cars
themselves, because where there
is a carmaker, there is also a vast,
vital and lucrative supply chain.
Johnson Matthey makes
what are the odds on a
bookie making a mistake?
An online bookmaker suspended
betting on the next governor of the
Bank of England yesterday after ?a
sudden influx? of money for
Andrew Bailey, boss of the
Financial Conduct Authority. Does
Betway know something? Or could
it have been because the Maltabased outfit was pricing Mr Bailey
at a generous 9-1 when he has been
the short-odds favourite of City folk
for months? Betway had Sir Dave
Ramsden, Ben Broadbent, Sir Jon
Cunliffe and Sam Woods ahead of
Mr Bailey. Chalk that one up to
cock-up, not conspiracy.
on a wing and a prayer
Deliveroo is dipping its toe in the
airport sector. It is running a trial
for the delivery of food and drink to
passengers at the gate at
Amsterdam Schiphol, while
travellers also can use Deliveroo as
room service at the airport?s
Mercure Hotel. Hopefully,
customers will fare better than
Jack Brumby, an analyst at
Langton Capital, and two
colleagues who, in ?a
synchronised bout of
weekend
laziness?, all
ordered meals
chemicals, pharmaceutical
ingredients and catalysts used in
petrol and diesel engines and it
has been investing heavily in its
battery material business,
pinning its hopes on a cathode
material ? enhanced lithium
nickel oxide ? that could boost
the performance of electric cars
by a third.
The group has been led for
seven years by Tim Stevenson,
Lord Lieutenant of Oxfordshire
and a barrister. At 69, he is
retiring and will be replaced in
July by Mr Thomas, who has been
chief executive and chairman of
Covestro, a polymers business
that also has a keen interest in
electric cars. Mr Thomas, who
studied engineering at Oxford
and started his career with ICI,
said that he was ?excited? about
joining a company ?with a strong
reputation for science?.
from Deliveroo. ?Judging by the
state of the burgers, the driver must
have initially tried to deliver them
by throwing them in our general
direction,? he said.
spend a penny? time is money
Half of all manufacturing workers
claim to be subject to arbitrary
rules imposed by their managers,
according to CV-Library, a jobs
agency. The most common
complaint, made by 41 per cent, is
having time limits on the use of the
toilet (which may or may not be
linked to 39 per cent being told
they mustn?t have food or drink at
their workstation). In shocking
news for pogonophiles and hipsters,
below, 19 per cent work in facilities
in which beards are banned.
johnnie on the spot
Ivan Menezes, Diageo?s chief
executive, has a secret for
negotiating airport
immigration. Rather than
saying that he works for
Diageo, he tells officials
he is with Johnnie
Walker, the Scotch
whisky brand. ?You
get a big smile and
a warm
welcome,? he
said.
the times | Tuesday April 17 2018
43
1G M
Business
BEN GURR FOR THE TIMES
?Gagging orders?
draw veil over
Sorrell?s sorry
exit from WPP
Dealmaker is the latest
top executive whose
departure is shrouded
in legal mystery, writes
Robin Pagnamenta
He was the best-paid chief executive of
any UK public company, a consummate dealmaker and one of the most
polished networkers in world business
? but when, late on Saturday night,
Sir Martin Sorrell quit WPP, the
company he had built into an advertising industry colossus, its shareholders
and 200,000-plus employees were left
almost entirely in the dark.
The reason? A hefty gagging agreement signed a few hours earlier that
barred both Sir Martin, 73, and WPP
from revealing any details of the investigation into his alleged misconduct
and abuse of company assets that had
triggered his departure.
As shares in the company slumped by
more than 6 per cent yesterday, amid
worries about the lack of a succession
plan and fears of a possible break-up of
WPP?s complex web of more than 400
agencies in 112 countries, many in the
City were still scratching their heads.
Perhaps they should be used to such
mysteries by now. It is a strange irony of
modern business that while listed
companies claim that they are becoming increasingly transparent and open,
they are in fact signing more confidentiality clauses than ever before. The
non-disclosure agreement signed by
Sir Martin was only the latest in a string
of cases where top executives have
been barred from revealing details of
their exit.
When Xavier Rolet, former chief
executive of the London Stock
Exchange, signed a similar NDA before
his exit last year after a row with
Donald Brydon, the exchange group?s
chairman, there was a similar outcry.
?Confidentiality agreements which
prohibit proper explanations to shareholders are bad corporate governance,?
stormed Sir Chris Hohn, the hedge
fund manager, who was furious at what
he claimed was the LSE?s abuse of its
powers.
Ronnie Fox, a lawyer who specialises
in non-disclosure agreements, said that
the orders usually were agreed because
they helped to spare the blushes of
employer and employee alike. ?Normally both sides want the matter sorted
out as quickly as possible, without litigation and confidentially ? to avoid
any embarrassment,? he said.
Yet he acknowledged, too, that there
could be legitimate concerns about
such gagging clauses: ?Of course it can
be frustrating for people who protect
the public interest . . . If I was a shareholder in WPP, I might have a grouse if
I thought my shares had been adversely
affected by the NDA.?
A confidentiality agreement usually
stops both employer and employee
disclosing anything about the circumstances leading up to the departure or
the terms of any financial compensation. Sanctions for violations can be
severe, including forcing the departing
employee to return money if they speak
out. However, Mr Fox noted, confidentiality agreements cannot be used to
conceal possible criminal activity.
In Sir Martin?s case, there was no payoff beyond retaining his existing stake in
WPP. He was on a so-called ?at-will
contract?, which means that either side
could terminate his employment at any
time.
The non-disclosure agreement and
other legal documents linked with his
exit were signed on Saturday, hours
before Sir Martin?s departure was confirmed in a press release.
He was allowed to quit as a ?good
leaver?, meaning that he will retain his
vested share interest in WPP. He has no
non-compete clause, meaning that he
Sir Martin Sorrell has relished being in the spotlight in the past, such as at The Times CEO summit, but is staying quiet now
will be permitted to work for a competitor.
In a statement yesterday, WPP said
that ?Sir Martin will be treated as
having retired on leaving WPP . . . His
share awards will be pro-rated in line
with the plan rules and will vest over
the next five years.?
For WPP, already struggling to compete with online competition from the
likes of Google and Facebook, the
leadership crisis has compounded an
already uncertain outlook. Last month,
as Sir Martin revealed WPP?s worst
annual results since the financial crisis,
he admitted that 2017 had not been a
?pretty year?. Today, with no permanent
chief executive and after the loss of the
group?s driving force for more than three
decades, 2018 looks uglier still.
WPP declined to comment on the
non-disclosure agreement.
Tempus, page 48
Fears of company break-up
Continued from page 37
governance group, was seeking information from the company about the
circumstances of Sir Martin?s departure
?on the assumption that they have an
obligation to inform shareholders?.
Analysts at Barclays warned that the
company faced an uncertain period,
with new management being ?distracted during the expected Mediapalooza?.
They also said that a new chief
executive might consider a break-up of
WPP?s complex structure, which Sir
Martin had assembled over decades,
suggesting that any new leader ?could
restructure WPP more radically?.
City analysts said that a break-up of
WPP now looked increasingly likely,
with Kantar, the market research unit,
viewed as a frontrunner to be spun off.
Such a deal could raise about �5 billion.
New details emerged yesterday of Sir
Martin?s departure from WPP. He was
in Italy for his tenth wedding anniversary with his wife and in-laws over
Easter, staying in Rome and outside
Venice, when the scandal intensified.
Then he travelled to America to give a
speech to Yale School of Management
and where he remained yesterday.
In a message to staff yesterday, Sir
Martin sought to raise morale, claiming
that WPP had weathered ?difficult
storms? in the past. He said the crisis
had placed too much ?unnecessary
pressure on the business? and that in
the interest of the company and clients
it was ?best for me to step aside?.
Water industry needs reform, not 1970s-style posturing
Angela Smith
Comment
J
ohn McDonnell made a bold
claim when he defended his
policy of nationalising the
water industry. This would not
be a return to the 1970s, he
said. Rather, ?the next Labour
government will put democratically
owned and managed public services
irreversibly in the hands of workers
and of those who rely on their work?.
He envisaged an ownership model
very different to the bureaucratic
approach taken in the past.
We need more detail, which is sadly
lacking. Are we talking about a
co-operative model, with panels of
consumers to advise the new regional
companies? Would the consumers
engaged in helping to run these
companies be democratically elected
by the universal franchise in any
given area? Or would we see local
councillors taking on that role?
Would these co-operatives enjoy an
arms-length relationship with
government and a guarantee of
freedom from political interference?
Recent events suggest that a liberal
interpretation of this ?innovative?
approach to nationalisation would not
be adopted by a Labour government
led by Jeremy Corbyn. Haringey
demonstrated overwhelmingly the
belief in Labour high command that it
has the right to dictate which model
for running local services should be
adopted by democratically elected
councillors. This suggests that a
nationalised water industry would be
founded on the altar of ideology and
constantly vulnerable to political
interference.
In the same interview, the shadow
chancellor dismissed objections to the
potential cost of renationalising water,
estimated by the Social Market
Foundation at � billion. Much has
been said about this aspect of the
policy in relation to potential negative
impacts on public borrowing and
investment in the economy.
Suffice it to say that financial and
economic consequences need to be
discussed in the context of an
intention also to nationalise large
parts of the energy industry and
Royal Mail. As yet, we have not had
an assessment from the Labour front
bench of what the global figure would
look like or what transition costs
would be incurred. We are also
lacking a robust explanation of how
legal challenges relating to
compensation below full market value
would be either avoided or defeated.
The case for nationalisation is far
from made.
Even so, why would a new Labour
government want to invest its
precious time on this agenda? The
best comparison is with the 1974
Labour government?s decision to
nationalise aerospace and
shipbuilding. It took three years and
was a terribly hard slog. With Britain
desperate for investment in its
crumbling infrastructure and all the
uncertainties relating to post-Brexit
Britain, would this really be the top
priority for a new prime minister?
Nobody denies the issues relating
to the water industry. Ownership
structures and debt profiles have
come under close scrutiny. Ofwat has
stepped up its challenge to the water
companies on these issues, but, as
Dieter Helm, the Oxford economics
professor, has pointed out, the
regulator is hamstrung by an
outdated approach that focuses on
the minutiae of how water companies
should conduct their business rather
than on the big picture.
The challenges facing us relating to
water are huge. Climate change and
forecast population increases combine
with environmental degradation to
put significant pressure on our water
resource and on the industry?s ability
to deliver a safe and reliable supply to
domestic and commercial consumers.
We know that ambition and
innovation are key aspects of the
long-term solutions to resolve these
complex issues. It is madness to
concentrate on the stale old debate
about who owns the water industry
rather than how it is regulated.
An outcomes-based approach, with
key duties relating to maintaining
consumer trust and confidence in the
water industry, is what we need to see.
Sensible politics demands
commitment to a rigorous reform
programme for Ofwat, not an
expensive indulgence in the politics of
the past.
Angela Smith is the Labour MP for
Penistone and Stocksbridge
44
1G M
Tuesday April 17 2018 | the times
Business
Start-up ?locked out of market by Google?
Robin Pagnamenta
Deputy Business Editor
An Australian technology start-up has
scrapped plans for an initial public
offering amid a dispute with Google.
Unlockd, which has raised $60 million from investors since it was founded
two years ago, has accused Google of
abusing its market position to stifle rival
advertising models.
It claims that Google is trying to
obstruct its development by refusing to
allow consumers to access its app via
Google Play and has applied for an injunction against the American internet
giant in the High Court in Britain.
Unlockd describes itself as an ?attention-based rewards platform?. Its busi-
ness model is based on consumers
agreeing to watch advertising content
on their screens when they unlock their
phones. In exchange, they receive
points, which they can spend on things
such as mobile credit and data.
It has more than 330,000 monthly
active users worldwide and has struck a
deal with Tesco Mobile, among others,
Its investors include Lachlan Murdoch,
a co-chairman of 21st Century Fox with
his father Rupert, chairman of News
Corp, the owner of The Times.
Supporters of Unlockd argue that
Google is using its commercial might to
crush the newcomer and to protect
itself from a potential threat to its
advertising revenue.
The aim of the High Court injunction
is to prevent Unlockd?s app being removed from the Google Play platform.
Google denies the allegations. No date
has been set for a hearing.
It has been suggested that Unlockd,
which is available only via phones
running Google?s Android operating
system, could pose a long-term threat
to the American company because it
hands back 70 per cent of its advertising
revenue to consumers in the form of
rewards. In contrast, Google retains all
of its advertising revenues. Being excluded from Google?s platform would
be highly damaging to the company?s
commercial prospects.
Unlockd was said to have been considering an initial public offering in
Australia this year, but to have scrapped
the plans because of uncertainty after
its app was removed from Google Play.
Google said that the app had been
removed because it violated the web
company?s terms of use.
A Google spokesman said: ?Our
330,000
Monthly active users of Unlockd
publicly available Admob and Google
Play policies clearly set out how our
products may be used and are designed
to protect the interests of advertisers,
publishers and phone users. We
explained our concerns to Unlockd,
outlined how they could fix the
problems or use alternatives and gave
them time to make changes. Despite
having agreed at the outset to comply
with our product policies, their app
remains in infringement today.?
Matt Berriman, co-founder of
Unlockd, told the Australian Financial
Review that its flotation plans had attracted interest from investors. ?We
had completed a non-deal roadshow,
had significant cornerstone investor
interest and were on target to launch
research and our prospectus this week,?
he said. ?The process will be on hold
until we resolve this matter, allowing us
to continue to build the great company
we have been doing so uninterrupted
for the last three years.?
KATIELEE ARROWSMITH/SWNS
Ivan Menezes, of Diageo,
has high hopes for the
new attraction, far left
Johnnie Walker set to
be toast of the town
W
here Harry
Potter led,
Johnnie
Walker, it seems, is set
to follow (Greig
Cameron writes).
Diageo said yesterday
that it would invest
�0 million in Scotland
to boost whisky tourism,
with much of that
earmarked for the
creation of a new
Johnnie Walker-themed
attraction in Edinburgh.
Diageo is the world?s
largest spirits company
and the biggest producer
of Scotch whisky, with a
stable of brands led by
the bestselling Johnnie
Walker label. The group
was formed in 1997 via
the merger of Guinness
and Grand
Metropolitan.
The model for a
?Johnnie Walker world?
is less the Harry Potterthemed Warner
Brothers studio
attraction near London
than Diageo?s own
Guinness Storehouse in
Dublin, Ireland?s top
paid-for tourist
attraction with
1.71 million visitors last
year.
?We want this to be a
similar scale and
impact,? Ivan Menezes,
Diageo?s chief executive
said. ?This is not
competing [with other
whisky attractions], but
it is to amplify the scale
of tourism. We believe
the entire Scotch whisky
industry will benefit.?
To that end, the group
also plans to overhaul
and expand its visitor
centres at 12 distilleries.
Detailed plans for each
Diageo site are still
under wraps on, but are
likely to encompass
improved interactive
elements along with
greater retail and
hospitality space.
Mr Menezes declined
to say how many jobs
would be created, but
said that ?the economic
impact will be there. I
expect that to be
positive not just in
Edinburgh but the
communities around the
country.?
Diageo has splashed
out about �billion
expanding its capacity to
make Scotch in recent
years. Mr Menezes said
that spending would
continue. ?We do not
disclose the specific
investment, but these
are serious numbers. We
have a continuous
programme of
investment over the next
few years,? he said. Last
year Diageo committed
� million to reviving
distilleries at Port Ellen,
on Islay, and Brora, in
the Highlands.
The site for the new
Johnnie Walker visitor
experience has still to be
decided, but it will be in
the centre of the
Scottish capital. Diageo
said that it wanted to
bring to life the story of
the world?s most popular
brand of Scotch whisky.
Four distilleries ?
Glenkinchie, Cardhu,
Caol Ila and Clynelish ?
that are involved in
supplying the whisky
that is blended into
Johnnie Walker will
have areas dedicated to
them in the venue in
Edinburgh.
Diageo said that more
than 440,000 people had
come to its 12 existing
visitor centres last year,
an increase of 15 per
cent on the previous
year.
The company?s
investment programme
is due to be completed in
2020 to tie in with the
200th anniversary of the
Johnnie Walker brand.
Mining chief makes leap to Vedanta Betterware joins growing
Gurpreet Narwan
Vedanta Resources has hired the chief
executive of a mining industry rival.
The FTSE 250 company controlled
by Anil Agarwal, the Indian billionaire,
said that Srinivasan Venkatakrishnan,
53, would give up his job at the Johannesburg-based Anglo Gold Ashanti
and would move to Vedanta in August.
He will take over from Kuldip Kaura,
Vedanta?s interim chief executive, who
stepped in to replace Tom Albanese, 59,
when the American left more than a
year ago. Mr Albanese, a former Rio
Tinto boss, said at the time that it was
?an entirely personal decision? as he
wanted to spend more time with his
family.
Vedanta is the largest mining and
non-ferrous metals company in India.
It has further operations in Australia
and Zambia for copper, zinc, aluminium, lead and iron ore, as well as oil
and gas units in three countries and
commercial power stations in India. It
reported half-year underlying earnings, for the six months to the end of
September last year, of $1.7 billion, up by
37 per cent.
Mr Venkatakrishnan has led Anglo
Gold since 2013 after almost a decade as
its chief financial officer. He joined the
group, the world?s third largest
goldminer with projects from Colorado
in the United States to Colombia and
Australia, after climbing the ranks at
Deloitte, the professional services firm.
Under his leadership, Anglo Gold
slashed costs by 16 per cent and cut debt
by a third. The company said that its
outgoing chief executive had embedded ?a culture of consistency and
accountability in the business? and had
enabled the company ?to thrive in a
range of market conditions?.
Mr Agarwal holds a 67 per cent stake
in Vedanta, worth �4 billion. The
tycoon, who also owns a 21 per cent in
Anglo American, a much bigger miner,
described Mr Venkatakrishnan, who is
widely known as Venkat, as ?a widely
respected business leader in the global
resources space, who brings to Vedanta
an impressive set of values and a wealth
of experience in corporate and other
roles. He also has a strong track record
managing a complex portfolio of operating assets and projects across Africa.?
Mr Venkatakrishnan said that he
would strive ?to ensure continued operational excellence, efficient cost management and capital discipline across
the portfolio?.
Vedanta shares fell 34p, or 4.5 per
cent, to 713絧 yesterday.
catalogue of retail failures
Gupreet Narwan
Another direct sales business has
collapsed into administration, with the
loss of more than 90 jobs and thousands
of door-to-door selling roles.
Betterware, which sells household
items either online or via a catalogue
distributed to millions of homes, said
that difficult trading conditions and
cashflow problems had been responsible for its demise.
The company?s failure comes days
after Kleeneze, one of Britain?s oldest
catalogue shopping companies, said
that it would cease trading.
Betterware traces its origins to 1928,
when it was founded in east London as
a door-to-door seller of brushes and
polishes. The catalogue was launched
in the 1970s and in 2015 the business
was bought by JRJR, a Texas-based
consumer sales group.
Along with the 94 staff at its
Birmingham headquarters, the company relies on thousands of self-employed agents who distribute the catalogue around the country. Many of
them have other forms of income to
supplement their earnings.
Begbies Traynor, the company?s administrator, said that Betterware had
ceased trading, with all staff made redundant. ?Our aim was, of course, to
find a purchaser for the business as a
going concern in order to safeguard the
jobs, but unfortunately this did not
prove possible,? it said.
the times | Tuesday April 17 2018
2G M
45
Business
Trump?s tax overhaul
helps bank to profit
A strong American economy and President Trump?s
overhaul of the tax code
helped to lift Bank of
America?s profit by nearly a
third in the first quarter
(Katherine
Griffiths
writes).
Revenues rose at three of
its four main businesses,
led by a jump of 9 per cent
in consumer banking, its
biggest operation, as higher
interest rates helped it to
charge more for loans
while keeping deposit rates
low.
Bank of America is the
second biggest bank in the
United States. It has been
the subject of lawsuits and
investigations dating back
to the financial crisis. JP
Morgan Chase and Citigroup also have reported
strong results, with America?s banks benefiting from
tax changes that are encouraging companies to
repatriate cash from overseas.
Bank of America pushed
its return on equity above
10 per cent for the first time
in seven years, reaching
10.57 per cent in the three
months to the end of
March. In investment
banking, equity sales and
trading revenues rose by
38 per cent, but fell 13 per
cent in fixed income, commodities and currencies.
Quarterly profit was
$6.92 billion,
compared
with $5.34 billion a year
ago. First-quarter revenue
was $23.125 billion, up from
$22.25 billion a year ago.
Paul Donofrio, chief financial officer, said: ?It?s
the latest in a string of quarters where we?ve shown
consistent improvement.?
Kingman confirmed
to lead FRC review
Sir John Kingman has been
appointed chairman of a
new ?root and branch?
review into the Financial
Reporting Council, the
accounting
watchdog
(Patrick Hosking writes).
The chairman of Legal &
General
and
former
second permanent secretary at the Treasury will investigate the governance,
impact and powers of the
FRC, Greg Clark, the business secretary, said.
The appointment comes
after criticism of the regulator by some investors and
MPs, who say that it is too
close to the Big Four accounting firms and has not
been tough enough in investigating and punishing
audit failings. The FRC initially declined to investigate an audit by KPMG of
HBOS, which gave it a
clean bill of health in 2008,
eight months before it collapsed. Under pressure
from MPs, it then investigated and found no significant failings in the audit.
Sir John will convene an
advisory board and the review is due to finish by the
end of the year. There will
be a consultation asking for
views of interested parties.
Mr Clark said: ?The UK
has a strong reputation as a
dependable place to do
business, but this needs to
be continuously updated.
It?s important to ensure all
of our regulators continue
to drive high standards.?
Sir John was a key figure
at the Treasury during the
banking crisis, helping to
put in place the taxpayerbacked rescues of Royal
Bank of Scotland, Lloyds
TSB and HBOS.
Stop politicising Sky
deal, says Fox lawyer
The �.7 billion offer by
21st Century Fox to take
over Sky must be given a
fair hearing by UK authorities free of political interference, according to Fox?s
general counsel (Katherine Griffiths writes).
Gerson Zweifach said
that the review of the proposal by the Competition
and Markets Authority had
been under ?sustained
political assault? and could
deter overseas investors
from the Britain.
?The sustained effort by
some to politicise the Sky
review should raise concerns . . . for those who want
to invest in the UK,? Mr
Zweifach said in an article
in the Financial Times.
The CMA is investigating Fox?s bid to buy the
remaining 61 per cent of
Sky that it does not own on
the grounds of media plurality and broadcasting
standards. Fox made its bid
more than 16 months ago.
It has offered undertakings
to safeguard the independence of Sky News.
?No one from Fox, News
Corp or the Murdoch
family has ever tried to
compromise Sky News?s
editorial independence,?
Mr Zweifach said.
Rupert Murdoch is cochairman of 21st Century
Fox and is chairman of
News Corp, which owns
The Times. James Murdoch
is chief executive of 21st
Century Fox and chairman
of Sky.
The CMA is due to deliver its recommendations to
Matt Hancock, the culture
secretary, by May 1. He will
then decide whether to
approve the takeover.
46
Tuesday April 17 2018 | the times
1G M
Business Unit Trusts
The Times unit trust information service
Sell
Buy
+/-
Yld
%
For Abbey National see Santander
For Allchurches see Ecclesiastical
ALLIANZ GLOBAL INVESTORS
Inv Serv: 020 7065 1400 Helpline: 0800 317 573
Gilt Yield A ?@
Strategic Bond Fund ?@
UK Corp Bond C ?@
UK Eqty C ?@
UK Eqty Inc A ?@
UK Gwth A ?@
UK Index A Inc ?@
UK Mid Cap A ?@
176.93
147.95
104.79
6317.26
295.82
5739.49
1423.81
5119.75
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.69
-0.50
-0.78
-14.91
+1.17
+33.13
-5.83
+63.50
1.25
0.49
3.87
3.28
4.35
1.21
3.01
0.13
1660.57
106.15
101.13
370.46
32.81
263.15
128.09
95.21
105.19
84.40
447.68
241.73
73.75
88.16
101.63
60.43
101.44
60.49
582.18
1762.19
620.60
-5.11
-0.01
-0.01
-0.58
+0.22
-2.28
-0.93
-0.69
-0.24
+0.09
-0.63
-0.34
-0.14
+0.20
+0.09
+0.05
+0.09
+0.06
+0.48
+9.21
-0.85
1.79
0.79
0.79
0.85
0.43
0.86
3.64
3.75
?
5.46
3.82
3.93
4.29
?
3.35
3.42
3.35
3.41
1.20
1.31
1.61
AXA FRAMLINGTON UNIT MGMT LTD
Dling: 0845 602 1952 Priv Clients: 0845 777 5511
Equity Inc ?@
572.40
Gilt Acc @
201.30
Gilt Inc @
74.35
Health Acc ?@
1712.00
Jap Smlr Co Ac @
62.56
Managed Inc ?@
141.10
Monthly Inc Inc ?@
254.20
UK Growth Inc ?@
203.70
UK Select Opps Inc ?@ 1875.00
UK Sml Cos Inc ?@
289.20
?
211.80
78.24
?
66.09
?
?
?
?
?
-2.70
+0.10
-0.39
-1.00
-0.19
+0.10
+0.30
+0.20
+7.00
+1.00
4.43
1.08
1.09
?
0.30
4.16
4.55
1.58
0.22
0.05
AXA FUND MANAGERS LTD
Admin & Enq 0117 989 0808
AXA Trusts
Gen Acc ?@
Gen Inc ?@
2101.00
1079.00
?
?
+6.00
-2.00
2.64
2.70
UK/Global Investment Companies
Euro Acc A ?@
Extra Inc Inc B ?@
Global Gwth Acc R ?@
Japan Acc A ?@
Pac Gwth Acc A ?@
243.10
88.65
203.90
157.60
456.10
?
?
?
?
?
147.80
551.70
554.50
219.40
1.80
0.88
1.10
1.27
1.65
150.10
?
562.90
222.70
+0.10
-1.80
-1.40
-0.30
?
1.19
1.62
4.66
CLOSE FUND MANAGEMENT LTD
0870 606 6402
Beacon Inv ?
84.88
?
+0.35
0.01
Dealing: 020 7426 6232
Winchester ?
2656.68
?
+27.01
1.43
EDENTREE INV MGMT LTD
0800 358 3010
Amity European A ?
Amity International A ?
Amity Sterling Bond A ?
Amity UK A Inc ?
Higher Income A ?
UK Equity Growth A ?
261.20
267.40
105.60
234.40
134.10
283.20
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.40
-0.50
?
?
+0.30
+1.40
1.11
1.18
4.58
1.48
4.45
1.07
Corporate Bond ?@
Ethical ?@
European ?@
Far Eastern ?
Fund of Inv Tst ?@
Intl Gwth ?
Japanese ?
North Amer ?
Smaller Cos ?@
Special Sits ?@
UK Equity Inc ?@
UK FTSE 100 IT ?@
UK FTSE All-S IT ?@
UK Growth ?@
Yld
%
2171.00
27.58
3722.00
1884.00
149.50
354.70
48.48
327.60
76.71
36.41
104.85
3932.00
69.75
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
327.60
?
?
?
?
72.18
?
+0.01
-6.00
+4.00
+0.20
+1.60
-0.04
-0.10
-0.12
+0.13
-0.26
+3.00
+0.53
0.89
2.94
?
?
0.08
?
4.32
0.21
2.38
2.86
2.63
0.94
0.44
?
?
?
?
?
?
14.80
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
35.37
78.31
84.92
101.10
111.30
83.80
58.83
83.50
116.40
46.92
84.46
58.18
66.70
77.87
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.04
-0.18
+0.03
-0.30
+0.30
+0.09
-0.29
+0.16
-0.10
+0.07
+0.23
-0.01
+0.10
+0.18
Amer Ind Acc ?@
Amer Ind Inc ?@
Euro Ind Acc ?@
Euro Ind Inc ?@
FTSE 100 Ind Acc ?@
FTSE 100 Ind Inc ?@
FTSE 250 Ind Acc ?@
FTSE 250 Ind Inc ?@
FTSE All-S Acc ?@
FTSE All-S Inc ?@
Jap Ind Acc ?@
Jap Ind Inc ?@
Pac Ind Acc ?@
Pac Ind Inc ?@
482.13
413.63
840.21
604.50
221.51
119.84
265.00
182.43
570.77
343.59
117.18
100.00
373.00
265.20
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.78
+0.67
+0.17
+0.12
-0.06
-0.03
+0.89
+0.61
+0.79
+0.47
-0.55
-0.47
-0.78
-0.55
Balanced Acc ?@
208.22
Balanced Inc ?@
138.97
Corp Bd Acc ?@
276.65
Corp Bd Inc ?@
122.11
Gilt & Fd Int Acc ?@
460.94
Gilt & Fd Int Inc ?@
72.11
Income Acc ?@
637.53
Income Inc ?@
318.07
Monthly Inc Acc ?@
293.26
Monthly Inc Inc ?@
143.98
UK Grth & Inc Ret B Acc ?@131.50
UK Grth & Inc Ret B Inc ?@69.75
UK Gth & Inc Acc ?@
131.50
UK Gth & Inc Inc ?@
69.75
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.49
-0.33
-0.48
-0.21
-1.82
-0.29
-0.86
-0.43
-0.39
-0.19
-0.35
-0.19
-0.35
-0.19
Buy
+/-
Yld
%
Cautious Managed A Acc ?@413.67
Cautious Managed A Inc ?@272.92
Diversified Growth A Acc ?@127.58
Diversified Growth A Inc ?@139.55
Diversified Income A Acc ?@305.41
Diversified Income A Inc ?@79.14
Emerging Mkts Blended Debt A Acc ?@114.81
Emerging Mkts Blended Debt A Acc Gross ?@125.82
Emerging Mkts Blended Debt A Inc ?@87.57
Emerging Mkts Equity A Acc ?@143.78
Emrg Mkts Local Curr Debt A Acc ?@183.28
Emrg Mkts Local Curr Debt A Inc ?@95.84
Emrg Mkts Local Curr Debt Gross I Acc ?@220.49
Enhanced Natural Resources A Acc ?@114.16
Global Bond A Acc ?@
139.30
Global Bond A Inc ?@
109.33
Global Bond I Gross Inc ?@1167.00
Global Dynamic A Acc ?@ 145.80
Global Energy A Acc ?@ 186.54
Global Equity A Acc ?@ 148.44
Global Franchise A Acc ?@188.10
Global Free Enterprise A Acc ?@877.60
Global Gold A Acc ?@
121.42
Global Special Situations A Acc ?@263.90
Global Special Situations A Inc ?@208.37
Managed Growth A Acc ?@231.86
Monthly High Income A Acc ?@221.05
Monthly High Income A Inc ?@68.44
Multi-Asset Protector A Acc ?@171.76
Strategic Bond A Acc ?@ 244.54
Strategic Bond A Inc ?@ 119.47
Target Return A Acc ?@ 102.96
Target Return A Inc ?@ 90.42
UK Alpha A Acc ?@
2410.18
UK Blue Chip A Acc ?@ 770.11
UK Smaller Companies A Acc ?@4682.55
UK Smaller Companies A Inc ?@4245.27
UK Special Situations A Acc ?@1174.29
UK Special Situations A Inc ?@451.11
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.01
-0.01
-0.18
-0.20
-0.02
?
-0.12
+0.20
-0.09
-1.46
-0.33
-0.17
-0.05
-0.20
+4.03
+3.00
+29.78
-0.37
+0.61
-0.26
+0.38
-4.23
+0.85
-0.69
-0.54
-0.61
+0.37
+0.12
-0.23
+0.19
+0.09
-0.06
-0.06
-2.82
+3.15
+19.88
+18.02
-3.66
-1.40
?
?
0.86
0.91
2.81
4.26
4.92
4.21
6.85
0.37
5.47
7.41
5.42
0.63
0.83
0.82
1.26
0.38
1.30
0.43
1.76
0.04
?
?
?
0.08
3.62
5.11
0.16
1.94
3.31
0.89
0.88
1.65
1.67
0.95
0.96
1.57
1.59
For ISIS Asset Mgmt see F&C Fd Mgmt Ltd (OEICS)
New Europe A ?@
Portfolio ?@
Stg Corp Bd A Acc ?@
Stg Corp Bd A Inc ?@
UK Act 350 A Acc ?@
UK Dynamic Acc ?@
UK Dynamic Inc ?@
UK Equity A Acc ?@
UK Equity A Inc ?@
UK Eqy & Bd Inc Acc ?@
UK Eqy & Bd Inc Inc ?@
UK Higher Inc A Acc ?@
UK Higher Inc A Inc ?@
UK Sm Cos A Acc ?@
UK Str Eq Inc A Acc ?@
UK Str Eq Inc A Inc ?@
US A Acc ?@
US Sm Cos A Acc ?@
Sell
Buy
+/-
Yld
%
191.00
260.80
92.42
55.43
199.00
200.50
158.20
401.90
46.44
167.10
90.29
1064.00
553.70
483.10
185.60
110.80
995.00
622.30
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-1.30
?
-0.16
-0.10
-2.20
+0.40
+0.30
+0.60
+0.07
-0.20
-0.48
+5.00
+2.40
+2.10
+0.70
+0.50
+3.20
+3.40
?
0.65
1.49
1.98
?
0.98
1.57
3.45
3.49
3.41
3.50
2.55
4.56
?
3.31
3.88
?
?
JUPITER UT MGRS LTD
020 7581 3020
Absolute Return ?@
53.60
Distribution and Growth ?@120.18
Emg Euro Opps ?@
198.39
Euro Special Sits ?@
405.19
European ?@
2123.91
Financial Opps ?@
591.46
Income Trust ?@
550.35
Merlin Bal (Acc) ?@
179.03
Merlin Gwth (Acc) ?@ 396.66
Merlin Inc (Acc) ?@
292.01
Merlin Wwide (Inc) ?@ 284.33
UK Growth ?@
321.74
UK Special Sits (Inc) ?@ 186.48
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.07
-0.38
-1.91
-0.16
+2.08
-5.85
-1.42
-0.18
+0.38
-0.33
+0.04
-1.06
-0.28
?
4.38
1.45
0.23
?
0.29
4.02
2.10
?
3.06
?
1.16
1.29
LEGAL & GENERAL (UT MGRS) LTD
Enquiries: 0870 050 0955 Dealing: 0870 050 0956
Equity Acc @
Equity Dist @
Euro Ind Acc @
Euro Ind Inc @
Fixed Int Acc @
2616.00
893.80
380.90
274.30
137.60
2639.00
902.00
380.90
274.30
138.40
-8.00
-2.70
-0.60
-0.40
?
2.12
2.15
1.93
1.96
2.55
1.41
1.42
2.62
2.65
2.16
2.19
4.39
4.53
3.85
4.30
4.06
4.18
4.06
4.18
Sell
American Index Retail Acc ?@482.13
American Index Retail Inc ?@413.63
Asian Gth Acc ?@
151.52
Asian Gth Inc ?@
135.16
Chinese Eq Acc ?@
549.92
Chinese Eq Inc ?@
467.01
Euro Gth Acc ?@
816.13
Euro Gth Inc ?@
699.57
?
-0.40
+3.00
+0.03
-1.10
-0.70
-0.02
+0.07
?
?
-2.40
-3.00
+0.10
-2.00
?
?
?
2.73
?
0.86
2.92
3.43
?
5.36
3.57
3.18
3.37
?
0.96
0.47
1.14
3.25
3.34
0.34
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.78
+0.67
-0.79
-0.71
-7.05
-5.99
-0.33
-0.28
1.48
1.50
0.37
0.46
0.21
0.22
1.48
1.52
322.55
262.17
393.13
99.69
403.88
475.71
331.53
83.98
275.04
49.06
130.89
71.96
95.54
498.71
756.24
628.94
340.42
276.69
414.92
?
426.26
502.07
349.90
88.64
290.28
51.78
138.15
76.96
100.84
526.34
798.14
663.79
-3.34
-0.93
-1.40
-0.89
-3.57
-4.21
-3.09
-0.29
-0.92
-0.03
-0.06
+0.17
-0.11
-2.81
+1.64
+1.36
?
1.52
1.49
4.77
2.18
2.24
0.12
4.43
4.32
0.94
0.66
1.30
0.58
1.34
0.15
0.21
INSIGHT INVESTMENT FDS MANAGEMENT LTD
Client Servs: 0800 124 314
Insight Investment Global Investment Funds
Mthly Inc Bd Inc ?@
Mthly Inc Bd N Inc ?@
48.44
91.99
?
?
+0.10
+0.19
Insigt Investment Portfolio Fund
Insight Investment Multi-Manager Funds (0800)
96.05
93.79
?
?
-0.32
-0.36
UK Str Inc N/Trl ?@
521.97
?
+1.46
3.36
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+1.68
+0.15
+0.65
-0.22
+2.53
+0.01
+0.09
+0.58
+1.77
+1.71
+0.04
2.17
2.88
3.67
4.12
3.74
0.04
4.88
2.24
2.10
0.27
?
INVESCO PERPETUAL Funds
Childrens Acc ?@
457.58
Corp Bond Acc ?@
201.59
High Income Inc ?@
433.65
Income & Grth Inc ?@
411.60
Income Inc ?@
1651.83
Money Acc ?@
90.36
Monthly Inc Plus Inc ?@ 108.52
UK Aggressive Inc ?@
196.60
UK Growth Acc ?@
660.97
UK Sml Cos Eqty Acc ?@ 1238.09
UK Sml Cos Gwth ?@
82.54
American A Acc ?@
345.66
Asia ex Japan A Acc ?@ 624.01
Capital Accumulator A Acc ?@231.04
?
?
0.10
0.14
0.12
INVESCO FUND MGRS LTD
Dling: 0800 085 8571 Inv Serv: 0800 085 8677
Brkr Serv: 0800 028 2121
INVESCO Funds
Amer Spec Sits ?@
American ?@
Euro Opps ?@
+5.00
+3.00
-0.40
?
4.21
?
?
?
+0.79
-5.46
-0.18
?
0.53
1.18
+/-
Yld
%
-0.01
?
+0.10
+0.30
+0.40
+0.20
-0.60
-1.00
-0.30
-0.20
4.19
4.08
3.38
3.46
3.99
3.91
0.82
0.36
MANEK INVESTMENT MGMT LTD
0844 800 9401
Growth Fd Acc @
41.47
43.54
MARKS & SPENCER UNIT TRUST LTD
0808 005 5555
High Income
High Income Acc
UK 100 Comp Acc
UK 100 Cos
UK Select Pflo
UK Selection Port Acc
Worldwide Mgd Acc ?
Wwide Mgd ?
113.50
258.30
369.60
214.20
340.30
616.70
788.70
491.60
113.50
258.30
369.60
214.20
340.30
616.70
?
?
MORGAN STANLEY INVESTMENT MGMT LTD
Enquires: 0800 0961 962
The Morgan Stanley Funds (UK)
Class A Shares
Equity
Eur (Ex UK) Eq A Acc ?@1310.92
Glob Brands A Acc ?@ 7737.22
UK Eq A Acc ?@
1184.53
?
?
?
+4.24
-29.60
-0.02
1.25
1.11
1.66
?
?
?
-2.26
-3.80
?
1.95
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.20
+0.10
+0.40
+0.70
-0.10
+1.50
+1.00
?
2.01
5.52
3.03
3.93
3.12
3.20
-0.83
-4.83
-1.00
+0.43
-1.27
-7.45
+6.23
-3.28
-7.28
-1.58
1.45
1.18
0.24
0.56
1.43
1.17
0.24
3.20
?
3.27
Fixed Income
Stg Corp Bd A Acc ?@
UK Ind Lnkd A Acc ?@
UK Long Bd A Acc ?@
Bal Pfolio Inc ?@
Bal Port Gwth Acc ?@
Equity Inc Inc ?@
N&P UK Gwth Inc ?@
Stkmkt 100 Tkr ?@
UK Growth Acc ?@
UK Growth Inc ?@
106.10
198.80
215.10
182.40
212.30
392.10
244.30
SCOTTISH MUTUAL INV MNGRS LTD
0141 248 6100
European Inc
Far Eastern Inc
Intl Growth Inc
Japanese Inc
Mutual European
Mutual Far Eastern
Mutual North Am
Mutual UK Eq
Nth American Inc
UK Equity Inc
1396.72
518.93
548.36
41.85
2143.30
801.26
1983.00
1310.36
1227.65
627.94
1474.11
547.68
578.74
41.85
2262.06
845.66
2092.88
1382.97
1295.67
662.73
197.80
182.80
138.50
219.20
214.30
?
?
?
?
?
0.52
1.04
1.05
0.46
0.48
2437.00
?
-2.00
0.56
315.60
183.10
?
?
+0.30
+0.20
3.12
3.20
+0.50
+0.20
+0.80
+0.40
+0.14
+0.60
+0.20
?
+2.00
+1.08
+0.30
+1.00
1.78
1.80
1.21
5.26
5.41
4.25
4.36
?
3.08
3.13
2.28
1.32
UK and Income Investment Funds
Corp Bond A Acc ?@
311.00
Corp Bond A Inc ?@
125.90
Envir Invtr A Acc ?@
282.70
Hi Inc Bond A Ac ?@
231.00
Hi Inc Bond A Inc ?@
87.08
Hi Res A Acc ?@
355.10
Hi Res A Inc ?@
133.70
Safety Plus A Acc ?@
40.49
Strat Inc A Acc ?@
202.40
Strat Inc A Inc ?@
100.90
UK Gwth A Acc ?@
185.00
UK Sel Gwth A Acc ?@ 1898.00
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
OEIC B Class
Tracker and Specialist Investment Funds
All Stks Credit A Inc ?@ 131.80
Asian Div Inc U Trst Inc @103.70
Cautious Man Fd A Acc ?@263.10
Cautious Man Fd A Inc ?@151.60
China Opp Fund A Acc ?@1401.00
Emg Mkts Opps Fd A Acc ?@204.10
Erpn Grth Fund A Acc ?@ 228.00
Erpn Sel Opps Fd A Acc ?@1602.00
Fix Int Mnthly Inc Fd Acc @28.76
Global Equity Fund Acc @2931.39
Global Equity Income A Inc ?@58.37
Global Tech A Acc ?@ 1618.00
M-Asset Abs Ret A Acc ?@139.90
M-Man Active Fd A Acc ?@219.10
M-Man Inc Grth A Inc ?@ 151.90
M-Man Inc Grth Fd A Acc ?@173.70
Sterling Bond U Trst Acc @219.39
Sterling Bond U Trst Inc @ 64.50
Strategic Bond A Inc ?@ 122.80
UK Abs Ret Fd A Acc ?@ 157.40
UK Alpha Fund A Acc ?@ 149.30
UK Index Fund A Acc ?@ 610.30
UK Irsh Sm Co Fd A Acc ?@648.20
UK Property A Acc @
227.71
UK Property A Inc @
102.46
UK Tracker Fund A Acc ?@273.60
US Growth Fund A Acc ?@957.50
?
108.94
?
?
?
?
?
?
30.00
3057.66
?
?
?
?
?
?
228.85
67.28
?
?
?
?
?
239.68
107.84
?
?
?
-1.58
-0.30
-0.20
-31.00
-0.60
-0.60
+1.00
+0.04
-4.41
-0.14
-9.00
+0.20
+0.10
-0.10
?
-0.01
-0.34
?
?
-0.30
-1.50
+2.50
+0.20
+0.09
-0.80
-8.40
2.46
5.90
3.33
3.40
0.47
0.31
0.87
0.59
4.50
?
3.39
?
0.43
?
2.16
2.13
2.24
2.27
4.02
?
1.93
2.17
0.44
3.00
2.76
2.21
?
JP MORGAN ASSET MGMT
OEIC
Asia A Acc ?@
204.90
Emerging Mkts ?@
218.80
Eur Dyn (ex-UK) A Acc ?@217.30
Euro Smllr Cos ?@
759.20
Europe A Acc ?@
1430.00
Gbl Hi Yld Bd A Acc ?@ 111.20
Gbl Hi Yld Bd A Inc ?@
37.19
Gl ex-UK Bd A Acc ?@ 262.80
Gl ex-UK Bd A Inc ?@
203.90
Glb Fins A Acc ?@
1077.00
Global A Acc ?@
1277.00
Japan A Acc ?@
448.70
Multi-Man Tst A Acc ?@ 969.40
Multi-Man Tst A Inc ?@ 886.90
Nat Resources ?@
592.30
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-1.30
-1.40
+0.40
+1.60
+1.00
+0.70
+0.25
-0.20
-0.20
+1.00
+2.00
-4.40
+2.40
+2.10
-1.30
?
?
?
?
?
4.23
5.77
0.15
0.45
1.03
?
?
?
0.56
?
Fixed Int Dist @
Glob Gwth Acc @
Glob Health Acc @
Glob Tech Acc @
Gwth Tst Acc @
High Inc Acc @
Japan Ind Acc @
Pacific Ind Acc @
UK 100 Ind Acc @
UK Active Opps Acc @
UK Index Acc @
UK Index Dist @
US Ind Acc @
Worldwide Acc @
70.85
243.90
62.02
40.07
106.00
127.90
58.65
150.80
177.90
249.90
283.10
158.80
435.90
298.50
71.31
243.90
62.09
40.12
106.50
128.90
58.65
150.80
177.90
252.90
283.10
158.80
435.90
298.50
-0.01
-1.30
-0.23
-0.13
-1.00
+0.10
+0.26
-0.90
-0.60
-0.10
-0.70
-0.40
-1.90
-0.30
2.59
1.15
0.75
0.25
0.17
4.83
0.86
2.26
3.12
?
3.22
3.30
0.88
0.72
M & G SECURITIES
Enq: 0800 390 390 Dealing Line: 0800 328 3196
Authorised Inv Funds
Charifund Inc ?
1569.35
?
-3.01
4.93
-0.37
-0.34
0.20
1.87
-1.17
-0.17
+0.07
-0.58
-0.20
?
-8.98
4.65
1.24
4.91
?
3.94
1.57
2.22
-0.01
-0.12
-0.56
+0.31
3.76
5.08
2.39
2.29
Sterling Class A Investment Funds 1
Euro Smlr Cos Acc ?@
Euro Smlr Cos Inc ?@
420.82
393.21
?
?
Sterling Class A Investment Funds 2
Extra Income Inc ?@
767.87
Gilt & Fxd Int Inc ?@
96.68
Gl Hi Yd Bd Inc ?@
50.39
Index Linked Bd Inc ?@ 138.24
Index Trckr Inc ?@
74.73
Short Dated Corp Bd Inc ?@25.79
UK Select A Inc ?@
2948.58
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
Sterling Class A Investment Funds 3
Corp Bd A Inc ?@
Dividend Inc ?@
Recovery A Inc ?@
Sml Cos Inc ?@
40.22
59.55
138.23
365.48
?
?
?
?
Sterling Class A Investment Funds 4
Episode Allocation A Inc ?@145.88
?
-0.40
1.97
UK Trkr B Acc ?@
UK Trkr B Inc ?@
342.30
182.10
?
?
+0.30
+0.10
3.61
3.69
+0.50
+0.20
+0.30
+1.00
1.97
2.00
2.64
1.58
+0.20
+1.00
3.24
1.83
UK and Income Investment Funds
Corp Bond B Acc ?@
320.40
Corp Bond B Inc ?@
125.80
UK Gwth B Acc ?@
198.40
UK Sel Gwth B Acc ?@ 1977.00
?
?
?
?
UK Gth C Inc ?@
137.10
UK Sel Gwth C Acc ?@ 2053.00
?
?
STANDARD LIFE INVESTMENTS
0845 279 3003
Investment Funds (OEIC) - Retail Shares
95.49
57.03
102.00
132.70
162.60
62.09
193.40
126.80
167.60
124.40
132.70
48.97
100.40
251.10
88.69
54.28
341.90
225.70
253.90
85.86
199.40
252.90
231.90
723.60
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.06
+0.03
+0.10
-0.50
+0.20
+0.09
-0.40
-0.10
-0.10
?
+0.20
+0.09
+0.50
-0.10
+0.11
+0.07
+0.90
+0.90
+0.80
+0.27
+0.50
+2.20
+2.00
+4.10
1.42
1.43
1.80
?
3.01
3.10
1.72
1.08
1.06
0.05
3.04
3.10
0.09
1.67
1.29
1.30
2.25
2.78
4.07
4.20
1.42
0.39
0.39
0.40
?
?
?
-0.17
-0.16
-0.16
1.65
1.66
1.87
SVS BROWN SHIPLEY FUNDS
Enquiries: 0141 222 1151
Balanced A Acc ?@
Balanced A Inc ?@
Cautious A Acc ?@
Yld
%
101.81
259.62
245.09
276.78
221.28
228.43
95.81
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.16
-0.25
-0.24
-0.28
-0.21
+0.17
+0.08
1.89
1.02
1.03
0.95
2.99
2.67
2.72
UK Oseas Earns ?@
125.26
?
+0.07
2.02
113.80
152.60
78.58
?
?
?
-0.10
-0.20
-0.07
1.29
0.87
3.89
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.12
+0.02
?
?
-0.06
-0.01
+0.06
-0.03
?
-0.08
+0.09
-0.28
+0.96
1.06
3.41
2.92
2.55
4.24
3.79
4.62
1.76
3.97
4.75
1.79
1.54
0.16
686.30
219.40
+1.70
+1.00
1.65
?
Managed Funds
Def Eqty & Bd Acc ?@
Eqty & Bd Acc ?@
Mgd Income ?@
117.90
111.69
109.24
Stg Bd Ret Inc ?@
Strat Bd Ret ?@
UK Corp Bond ?@
UK Corp Ret ?@
UK Eqty Inc Ret ?@
UK Gwth & Inc Ret ?@
UK Hi Yld Bd 1 ?@
UK Inst Acc ?@
UK Mnthly Extra Inc ?@
UK Mnthly Inc Ret ?@
UK Retail ?@
UK Sel Retail ?@
UK Smaller Cos ?@
56.44
46.45
61.24
61.12
93.39
90.56
42.79
160.71
78.91
72.62
138.12
128.55
337.19
For Resolution see Ignis
TU FUND MANAGERS LIMITED
British
European
652.00
210.70
* Yield expressed as CAR (Compound Annual Return);
? Ex dividend; ?Middle price; . . . No significant data. #
Periodic charge deducted from capital; @ Exit charge
British Funds
Stock
Price
Int Yld Grs rd
(�) +/?
% yld
109.71
374.03
128.13
374.13
119.27
122.40
139.79
128.79
378.33
158.23
152.60
277.35
146.96
175.49
171.04
180.46
166.18
171.87
203.28
169.50
202.14
198.72
269.11
209.57
215.76
251.11
251.36
266.58
104.04
361.07
117.98
355.46
111.05
114.04
129.03
119.09
355.25
145.14
139.88
259.90
134.08
159.17
154.38
162.26
148.24
151.89
179.60
157.84
176.95
171.51
231.25
176.93
181.37
208.77
204.60
214.78
Tr IL 0V% 19
104.27
Tr IL 2K% 20
361.07
Tr IL 1Y% 2022 * 118.06
Tr IL 2K% 24
356.81
Tr IL 0V% 24
111.39
Tr IL 0V% 26
114.33
Tr IL 1N% 2027 * 129.39
Tr IL 0V% 29
119.79
Tr IL 4V% 30
356.35
Tr IL 1N% 2032 * 146.59
Tr IL 0O% 34
141.73
Tr IL 2% 35
263.51
Tr IL 0V% 36
136.15
Tr IL 1V% 2037 * 161.65
Tr IL 0X% 40
157.44
Tr IL 0X% 42 * 165.56
Tr IL 0V% 44
152.47
Tr IL 0V% 46
156.46
Tr IL 0O% 2047 * 183.89
Tr IL 0V% 48
161.99
Tr IL 0K% 50 * 182.51
Tr IL 0N% 52
178.35
Tr IL 1N% 2055 * 239.55
Tr IL 0V% 56
184.72
Tr IL 0V% 58 * 189.11
Tr IL 0W% 62
218.38
Tr IL 0V% 65
216.22
Tr IL 0V% 68
227.08
? .04
? .16
? .16
? .57
? .21
? .29
? .36
? .41
?1.23
? .75
? .79
?1.38
? .91
?1.07
?1.14
?1.34
?1.36
?1.49
?1.76
?1.66
?1.92
?2.04
?2.69
?2.31
?2.50
?3.13
?3.32
?3.74
?
1.77
1.64
1.52
?
?
1.06
?
1.81
0.85
?
0.92
?
0.73
?
0.38
?
?
0.42
?
?
?
0.57
?
?
?
?
?
?2.48
?2.04
?1.87
?1.62
?1.69
?1.57
?1.57
?1.53
?1.48
?1.58
?1.55
?1.50
?1.55
?1.55
?1.56
?1.55
?1.52
?1.50
?1.49
?1.49
?1.50
?1.51
?1.50
?1.49
?1.50
?1.51
?1.53
?1.55
? .52
? .54
? .47
? .64
? .65
? .69
? .78
? .72
? .75
? .88
? .64
? .98
?1.02
?1.20
? .89
?1.32
?1.22
?1.47
3.24
3.08
?
3.15
2.97
?
2.95
?
?
2.77
?
2.67
?
2.50
?
?
?
?
1.75
1.77
1.82
1.80
1.82
1.83
1.84
1.85
1.86
1.84
1.83
1.80
1.76
1.71
1.69
1.66
1.64
1.64
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
.08
.08
.11
.15
.22
.17
.22
.24
.30
.37
.42
.45
?
?
?
?
4.02
?
?
?
3.40
4.18
3.51
3.22
0.99
1.10
1.18
1.25
1.28
1.30
1.40
1.50
1.46
1.53
1.64
1.70
+
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
.01
.01
.02
.02
.04
.04
.04
.05
.09
.10
.08
.10
?
4.42
?
4.11
3.60
?
4.43
?
?
6.57
3.59
?
?
0.62
0.72
0.81
0.78
0.80
0.92
0.84
0.88
0.96
0.96
1.01
1.10
1.20
Longs (Over 15 years)
145.88
144.09
102.52
157.27
148.88
150.88
159.30
133.83
140.40
160.53
97.05
166.78
159.09
179.39
107.38
179.15
135.86
173.27
135.90
134.34
95.39
146.30
138.48
139.98
147.31
123.60
129.43
147.59
88.05
152.65
144.61
162.92
96.14
162.07
121.18
154.94
Tr 4K% 34
Tr 4N% 36
Tr 1{ }% 37
Tr 4O% 38
Tr 4N% 39
Tr 4N% 40
Tr 4K% 42
Tr 3N% 44
Tr 3K% 45
Tr 4N% 46
Tr 1K% 47
Tr 4N% 49
Tr 3O% 52
Tr 4N% 55
Tr 1O% 57
Tr 4% 60
Tr 2K% 65
Tr 3K% 68
138.96
137.81
98.85
150.76
142.96
144.74
152.50
128.50
134.56
153.35
92.46
158.99
151.15
170.31
101.77
170.17
128.08
163.41
Mediums (5-15 years)
OEIC C Class
UK and Income Investment Funds
AAA Inc CAT Acc ?@
AAA Inc CAT Inc ?@
AAA Income Acc ?@
Amer Eq Gth Acc ?@
Corp Bond Acc ?@
Corp Bond Inc ?@
Euro Eq Gth Acc ?@
Glb Advtg CAT Acc ?@
Glob Advtg Acc ?@
Glob Eq Uncstrd Acc ?@
Higher Inc Acc ?@
Higher Inc Inc ?@
Japan Eq Gth Acc ?@
Managed Acc ?@
Select Inc Acc ?@
Select Inc Inc ?@
UK Eq Gth Acc ?@
UK Eq Hi Alpha ?@
UK Eq Hi Inc Acc ?@
UK Eq Hi Inc Inc ?@
UK Ethical Acc ?@
UK Opps Acc ?@
UK Opps Inc ?@
UK Smlr Cos Acc ?@
+/-
Index-linked
-0.10
?
?
-0.10
?
Tracker and Specialist Investment Funds
JANUS HENDERSON INVESTORS
Investors Serv: 0800 832 832 Dlng: 0845 946 4646
Buy
THREADNEEDLE INVESTMENTS
Client Serv: 0800 0683000
Intermediary Serv: 0800 0684000
Institutional Shares (Class 2) (163500,000 min)
12 month
High
Low
Overseas Growth Investment Funds
UK Trkr A Acc ?@
UK Trkr A Inc ?@
Cautious A Inc ?@
Dynamic A Acc ?@
Dynamic A Inc ?@
Growth A Acc ?@
Income A Acc ?@
Sterling Bond Acc ?@
Sterling Bond Inc ?@
Sell
Retail Shares (Class 1)
2447.49
1350.60
1288.90
SANTANDER UNIT TST MGRS
08457 413002
Bal Port A Acc ?@
Caut Port A Acc ?@
Caut Port A Inc ?@
Opps Port A Acc ?@
Prog Port A Acc ?@
IGNIS ASSET MGMT
Dlg: 0141 222 8282
American Gth Inc @
Balanced Growth @
Balanced Growth Acc @
Corporate Bond ?@
European Growth @
European Growth Acc @
Glob Gwth @
Higher Yield @
Higher Yield Acc @
Japan @
Managed @
Managed Trust @
Mngd Pfolio Inc @
Pacific Grth @
Smaller Comp @
Smaller Cos @
Buy
SCOTTISH WIDOWS UNIT TRUST MGRS
0845 300 2244
Authorised Inv Funds (OEICs)
OEIC A Class
Managed Investment Funds
HSBC Specialist Investment Funds (OEIC)
INVESTEC FUND MGRS
Broker Support and Dealing: 020 7597 1900
OEIC Series i,ii,iii, & iv
?
?
?
1.48
1.50
2.42
2.47
3.58
3.62
2.41
2.47
3.46
3.59
1.47
1.50
2.44
2.51
Sell
HSBC Investment Funds (OEIC) - Retail Share Class
FIDELITY INTERNATIONAL
Private Clnts 0800 414161 Broker Dlgs 0800 414181
1449.00
3592.00
495.20
3.26
0.70
1.91
1.94
0.36
1.45
1.32
1.05
0.81
1.48
4.64
3.05
2.87
2.49
HSBC GLOBAL ASSET MGMT (UK) LTD
Enq: 0845 745 6123 Dlg: 0845 745 6126 Mon-Fri 8-6
HSBC Index Tracker Investment Funds (OEIC)
Well Bldr Bal Acc ?@
Well Bldr Gwth Acc ?@
F & C FUND MANAGEMENT LTD (OEICS)
Enqs: 0870 601 6183 Dealing: 0870 601 6083
Share Class 1 - Retail
Corporate Bd ?@
57.76
Emerging Mkts ?@
119.00
Euro Gwth & Inc 1 ?@ 1021.00
Extra Inc Bond ?@
48.80
FTSE All-Shr Track ?@ 412.80
Global Gwth SC1 ?@
194.20
High Inc Trst @
14.06
Max Inc Bond ?@
48.80
Multi Man Caut ?@
70.41
Multi Man Distr ?@
60.44
North Amer ?@
484.20
Pacific Gwth ?@
420.90
Strategic Bd ?@
195.40
UK Equity ?@
3197.00
UK Gwth & Inc Acc 1 ?@ 658.50
UK Gwth & Inc Dist ?@ 234.70
UK Smaller Cos ?@
994.50
+/-
Eur Sel Gth A Acc ?@
?
-0.14
+0.10
-0.40
-1.60
CIS UNIT MANAGERS LTD
08457 46 46 46
European Gwth @
Sus Leaders ?@
UK Growth @
UK Income @
Buy
HALIFAX INVESTMENT FUND MGRS LTD
01296 386 386
Authorised Inv Funds
Share Class `C
ARTEMIS FUND MGRS LTD
0800 092 2051
Authorised Inv Funds
Capital R Acc @
1573.78
Euro Opps R Acc @
100.61
Euro Opps R Inc @
95.86
European Growth R Acc @351.17
Global Energy R Acc @
31.01
Global Growth R Acc @ 249.48
Global Income R Acc @ 121.41
Global Income R Inc @
90.25
Global Select R Acc @
99.74
High Income R Inc @
79.49
Income R Acc @
422.85
Income R Inc @
228.33
Monthly Dist R Inc @
69.66
Strategic Assets R Acc @ 83.32
Strategic Bond R M Acc @ 95.87
Strategic Bond R M Inc @ 57.00
Strategic Bond R Q Acc @ 95.69
Strategic Bond R Q Inc @ 57.06
UK Growth R Acc @
551.15
UK Smaller Cos R Acc @ 1643.62
UK Special Sits R Acc @ 585.60
European ?@
Extra Income ?@
Glob Spec Sits ?@
Global Focus ?@
International ?@
Japan ?@
Moneybldr Bal ?@
Moneybldr Glob
Moneybldr Gwth ?@
Moneybldr Inc ?@
Moneybldr UK Ind ?@
Special Sits ?@
Wealthbuilder
Sell
115.12
107.31
110.88
115.27
132.93
110.19
105.54
102.29
133.03
153.92
143.86
139.13
109.17
102.69
105.32
108.78
124.15
104.05
99.67
96.41
123.47
142.43
133.08
129.40
Tr 3O% 21
Tr 1O% 22
Tr 2N% 23
Tr 2O% 24
Tr 5% 25
Tr 2% 25
Tr 1K% 26
Tr 1N% 27
Tr 4N% 27
Tr 6% 28
Tr 4O% 30
Tr 4N% 32
109.17
102.78
105.56
109.18
124.43
104.89
100.80
97.85
124.97
143.68
135.35
131.97
Shorts (under 5 years)
101.50
114.36
103.76
108.32
108.74
105.90
113.38
112.16
104.73
132.07
117.79
100.70
101.30
100.17
111.68
101.18
103.29
104.07
102.42
107.31
106.77
101.42
121.73
111.39
97.36
?
Tr 1N% 18
Tr 5% 18
Tr 1O% 19
Tr 4K% 19
Tr 3O% 19
Tr 2% 20
Tr 4O% 20
Tr 3O% 20
Tr 1K% 21
Tr 8% 21
Tr 4% 22
Tr 0K% 22
Tr 0O% 23
100.17
113.00
101.18
103.29
104.07
102.42
107.31
106.77
101.48
121.73
111.39
97.51
97.69
* maturities as having a 3-month indexation lag and
which trade on a real clean price basis, excluding inflation
adjustment charge.
This is a paid for information service. For
further details on a particular fund, readers
should contact their fund manager.
Data as shown is
for information
purposes only. No offer is made by
Morningstar or this publication
the times | Tuesday April 17 2018
47
1G M
Working Life Business
TOM STOCKILL/SUNDAY TIMES
Visa cap is creating
UK skills crisis, say
technology chiefs
James Hurley
Technology entrepreneurs, investors
and advisers have called for an urgent
review of visa rules, warning that
restrictions on skilled workers are
creating a ?skills crisis?.
With a cap on the number of visas
issued for skilled non-European workers being reached for an unprecedented
fourth month in a row in March, a
group representing the technology
industry has warned the government
that the rules are ?no longer fit for
purpose?.
Tier 2 visas for skilled workers from
outside the European Economic Area
and Switzerland are issued by the
Home Office on a points-based
system, which measures qualifications. Higher-paid workers
receive priority once employers have shown that they cannot hire the staff they need
within the UK.
The cap is broken into
fixed monthly allocations. Until December, the monthly
quota had been
exceeded
only
once since its
introduction in
2011.
Tech London
Advocates, a notfor-profit group
that promotes the
interests of technology
entrepre-
neurs and London as a technology hub,
has written to Caroline Nokes, the immigration minister, demanding that the
annual quota is raised from its present
level of 20,700.
The letter?s 62 signatories include
Alex Macpherson, chairman of
Octopus Ventures, a venture capital
company; Ben Brabyn, chief executive
of Level39, the Canary Wharf hub for
financial technology start-ups; and
Sherry Coutu, chairwoman of the
Scaleup Institute and an investor in
companies including Zoopla and Lovefilm.
The letter, which has been seen by
The Times, warns that it is becoming
harder to recruit the skilled software
engineers on whom the industry
relies.
?Mounting job vacancies in
critical areas now threaten to halt
growth and it is vital that UK
businesses have access to the vast
pool of skilled overseas workers
that are needed to help fill
Britain?s growing skills
shortage,? it says. ?The
failure to address the
international talent requirements of Britain?s
tech businesses means
the UK is now heading
towards a skills crisis that
threatens the future
success of the industry.?
It is thought that the cap
is being reached because
employers are having to cast
their nets more widely to
?More small
companies
need chance
of redress?
James Hurley
Sherry Coutu and Ben Brabyn, two of the signatories warning of a skills shortage
make up for falling numbers of European immigrants.
?The economic case for increasing
the number of Tier 2 visas is evident. Of
course, we need to nurture homegrown tech talent, but demand is outstripping supply and we need effective
visa routes for world-class tech professionals to come to the UK,? Tech
London Advocates says.
In its letters, the group adds that the
requirements of the system are ?confused? because the private sector,
including technology companies, is
competing with the NHS to secure
Tier 2 visas. More than a third of the
Business to Business
Business Opportunities
General
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allocation goes to staff for the health
service.
Senior healthcare staff have complained that the quota is making it difficult to recruit enough doctors. The
minimum annual pay required to
secure a visa changes according to the
number and nature of applicants, and
has doubled since last year as demand
has grown.
Two years ago applicants needed to
score at least 21 points for their application to be successful. By last month, this
had risen to 56.
The Home Office did not respond to
a request for comment.
A plan to give more small companies
the power to complain to the Financial
Ombudsman Service if they are mistreated by banks must be strengthened
to give thousands of victims of misconduct a chance of redress, MPs say.
The Financial Conduct Authority
recommends extending access to the
ombudsman?s free resolution services
to as many as 160,000 more companies
from the end of the year. However, the
City regulator said that it should apply
only to ?complaints made to a firm
about the firm?s actions, or failure to act,
which occur from December 1, 2018?.
Jim Shannon, the Democratic
Unionist MP, is pushing for parliament
to debate the need to include past
banking victims, such as those mistreated by Royal Bank of Scotland?s restructuring unit, in the reforms.
?It is about accountability,? he said.
?It?s also in the national interest.?
The all-party parliamentary group
on fair business banking supports
retrospective access to services, but it
also wants a new tribunal system
established to rule on contentious
cases.
The FCA has proposed extending
services to all businesses with fewer
than 50 staff, annual sales of less than
�5 million and a balance sheet value
of under �million. Only those with
fewer than ten staff and a balance sheet
of up to �million qualify at present.
The services? award limit of �0,000
would not change unless legislation
were passed to raise it, the FCA has said.
Parliament will debate redress today.
48
Tuesday April 17 2018 | the times
1G M
Business Markets
news in brief
Tempus
Buy, sell or hold: today?s best share tips
Call for break-up
Gatemore Capital Management
acquired a stake in Wincanton,
the logistics company, yesterday
and called for a break-up. In a
letter to investors, Gatemore said
that it had built up a 2 per cent
stake in Wincanton, a haulage
and warehousing company, and
had lobbied management
privately to auction off one of its
two divisions. Liad Meidar,
managing partner at Gatemore,
called Wincanton a ?sleeping
giant whose intrinsic value is
underestimated by the market?.
Wincanton?s shares rose 18絧 to
246絧, or more than 8 per cent.
It?s time to wait for the smoke to clear
Turnover 2017
�.1bn Reported
net profit �52bn
Staff 205,000
T
o describe the company
built by Sir Martin Sorrell
over the past 33 years as
sprawling is to underplay
just what he created.
Taking charge of WPP in 1986,
Sir Martin achieved the feat of
turning a Kent wire shopping basket
maker into the world?s largest
advertising agency group.
The company he has bequeathed
to a successor is a business that
employs more than 200,000 staff,
working from more than 3,000
offices, run by more than 160
companies, held through 1,800
subsidiaries. Just getting their head
around how the business functions
might take his replacement at least a
year or two.
However, whoever replaces Sir
Martin is unlikely to be allowed the
luxury of years; three earnings
disappointments in 2017 and a profit
downgrade last month will have seen
to that. As was clear in the City
yesterday, there is near-unanimity
that the ad group must get on with
divesting itself of some of its less
attractive businesses, or even
consider a full break-up.
At the front of the queue of
divisions to be ejected is the
underperforming Kantar market
research business. Estimates vary
about how much this might sell for,
with some suggesting a price of
quiz
Turnover �6.4m
(to March 2018)
Growth in online
sales 158%
R
etailing has never been for the
faint-hearted and, as the pace
of change seems to get ever
quicker, those too slow to adapt find
their shelf life cut short. Already this
year there have been store closures
by Toys R Us, Maplin, East and
Carpetright, to name but a few.
Yet one fast-fashion specialist
based in Glasgow has been upbeat
since its debut on the Alternative
Investment Market in July last year.
Quiz competes at the value end with
the likes of Boohoo.com and
bolt-on deals ? which brings us to
the wider strategy. WPP has been
built by buying other businesses. The
Net debt,
Report company spends between
Share price
profit, � �0 million to �0 million a year
n
�
snapping up everything from
2011
promising start-ups to fully fledged
2.47
0.84
18
agencies. While Publicis, one of its
2012
biggest rivals, has spent recent years
2.82
0.82
streamlining and simplifying its
business, WPP continued on its
2013
16
2.24
0.94 familiar acquisition path.
The point is that Sir Martin?s
2014
14
2.28
1.09 dealmaking, for all its successes,
created a group that was an
2015
elaborate web of semi-autonomous
3.21
1.10
companies, operating in practically
12
2016
every sizeable area of human
4.13
1.4 habitation, so that, as competitive
2017
threats have arisen, WPP has lacked
10
4.48
1.5 the nimbleness to react as effectively
as it might.
2013 14
15
16
17 18
This is not to say that WPP has sat
on its hands. Digital revenues made
the likes of Vice, the media group,
up 39 per cent of group turnover in
Comscore, the American media
ADVICE Avoid
2016 and in the first half of 2017 this
analytics business, and Globant, a
WHY The post-Sorrell future of
rose to 41 per cent, putting the
software developer. Together this
WPP is still unclear and for
company on course to hit a target of
portfolio generates less than
generating between 40 per cent and
�0 million in annual revenues.
now this is a company to be
With a valuation of about �2 billion, 45 per cent of its income from digital
avoided until it can give more
over the next four to five years.
they look likely to come under the
clarity on its strategy
Anyone investing in WPP in
microscope now that Sir Martin has
recent years knew that their decision
gone.
had to take in the likelihood that the
The money would be welcome. At
�5 billion while others offering a
group faced the prospect of
�48 billion, WPP?s net debt is in
valuation more than �billion lower.
appointing only its second chief
need of pruning, although at 1.8
There would be a lot of interest, with
executive in its history. That moment
times earnings before interest, tax,
Nielsen, a rival, likely to make a bid,
has come and despite the relative
depreciation and amortisation, it is
while private equity groups could be
cheapness of the shares, which are
far from onerous. However, many
involved.
trading at a 25 per cent discount to
investors would prefer to see
Then there is WPP?s investment
their five-year average, it would be
leverage reduced and shareholder
portfolio, which includes stakes in
foolhardy to plunge in now.
payouts increased, rather than more
Cutting the debt
Training services deal
Source: Thomson Reuters
wpp
Primark. Founded in 1993 by Tarak
Ramzan, it employs more than 1,000
people. A trading update last week
showed a 30 per cent rise in annual
sales to �6.4 million for the 12
months to the end of March. While
online was the star performer, with
158 per cent growth, there were
double-digit percentage increases
across its British and international
operations.
Yesterday the company said that it
was going to start selling menswear
for the first time via its online
channels. Bridal and plus-sized
clothing are going into shops, too,
after web trials were successful, and
a dedicated website for the American
market is in development. The
trading update suggested that profits
margins were steady, although some
spending on new staff has been
brought forward.
The shares were priced at 161p on
flotation, as the likes of Hargreave
Hale, River and Mercantile,
Schroders, Kames Capital and
Blackrock were persuaded to invest.
The Ramzan family sold more than
� million of shares in that process,
but two of the founder?s sons remain
in senior positions, as does Mr
Ramzan himself, who remains chief
executive at 65.
Quiz shares peaked at close to
200p in August last year. They were
as low as 125p at the start of last
month, but have rallied since then
The largest temporary staffing
agency has bought General
Assembly, an American digital
retraining group, in a deal worth
$412 million. Adecco, which is
based in Zurich and employs
33,000 people worldwide, said
that the move would strengthen
its training services. General
Assembly was founded in New
York in 2011 and had sales of
$100 million last year, with clients
including L?Or閍l. It will continue
to act as a separate division, led
by Jake Schwartz, its founder.
Workers ?worse off?
Britons are on track for the worst
decade for disposable incomes
since the Second World War,
Labour says. Real household
disposable income will grow by
1 per cent for the ten years from
2010, when the Conservatives
came to power, analysis of latest
official forecasts showed. Workers
will be thousands of pounds
worse off over the course of this
parliament than expected, it
claimed. Labour will use the
study to attack the Tory record
when data is released today.
and are trading at close to the float
price again, rising a penny yesterday
to 159絧.
Given the company?s growth and
ambitions, the fact that Quiz is
trading slightly below the IPO price
could offer a buying opportunity.
However, the fast-changing nature of
the retail industry and the
unexpected costs that can arise from
online and international expansion
mean that caution is recommended.
Amazon in top five
Amazon is the fifth largest UK
retailer, accounting for more than
�in every �0 spent in retail in
the UK last year, according to the
consultancy Global Data, behind
only Tesco, Sainsbury?s, Asda and
Morrisons. Estimates suggest
Amazon?s revenues rose 22.5 per
cent, ahead of the 8.4 per cent
rise in total online spending. Its
4.2 per cent share of spending
compared with 12.5 per cent for
Tesco. Sofie Willmott, of Global
Data, said: ?Amazon is soaring up
the ranks of UK retail.?
ADVICE Hold
WHY Ambitious plans and on
course to pay maiden dividend
PRICES
Major indices
New York
Dow Jones
Nasdaq Composite
S&P 500
London Financial Futures
24573.04 (+212.90)
7156.29 (+49.64)
2677.84 (+21.54)
Tokyo
Nikkei 225
21835.53 (+56.79)
Hong Kong
Hang Seng
30315.59 (-492.79)
Amsterdam
AEX Index
Sydney
AO
Frankfurt
DAX
Singapore
Straits
Brussels
BEL20
Paris
CAC-40
546.62 (-1.42)
Zurich
SMI Index
8726.54 (-49.63)
DJ EURO Stoxx 50
3441.04 (-6.96)
London
FTSE 100
7198.20 (-66.36)
FTSE 250
19771.52 (-67.02)
FTSE 350
4017.47 (-33.02)
FTSE Eurotop 100
2856.22 (-15.90)
FTSE All-Shares
3970.00 (-31.33)
FTSE Non Financials
4621.91 (-35.46)
techMARK 100
4419.43 (-16.41)
Bargains
5933.00 (+8.30)
12391.41 (-50.99)
3868.18 (-20.13)
US$
1.4325 (+0.0081)
Euro
1.1571 (+0.0024)
�SDR
0.96 (+0.00)
80.93 (+0.03)
3-Mth Euribor
3-Mth Euroswiss
FTSE100
FTSEurofirst 80
Commodities
Open
121.87
High
121.92
Low
121.54
99.105
99.020
98.930
98.860
98.770
100.33
100.32
100.31
100.26
100.18
100.73
100.71
100.67
7212.0
7139.0
99.105
99.020
98.930
98.860
98.780
100.33
100.32
100.31
100.27
100.18
100.74
100.72
100.68
7228.5
7139.0
99.095
99.010
98.910
98.840
98.750
100.32
100.32
100.30
100.26
100.17
100.73
100.71
100.66
7124.0
7065.5
Sett
121.77
120.84
99.100
99.010
98.920
98.850
98.770
100.33
100.32
100.31
100.26
100.18
100.73
100.71
100.67
7139.5
7071.5
4750.5
4746.5
Vol
147701
Open Int
755394
35847
16593
31105
32527
48757
18786
21744
15019
32575
33220
751
2772
6050
97162
5
724828
501368
508453
366187
373393
556295
547933
544894
374704
430407
62520
73080
91670
631272
110
ICIS pricing (London 7.30pm)
Brent (9.00pm)
Crude Oils ($/barrel FOB)
Jun
Jul
Aug
Brent Physical
BFOE(Jul)
BFOE(Jun)
WTI(Jun)
WTI(Jul)
72.18
71.24
71.51
66.27
66.20
-0.93
-0.80
-1.16
-0.73
-1.13
Products ($/MT)
Spot CIF NW Europe (prompt delivery)
Premium Unld
Gasoil EEC
3.5 Fuel Oil
Naphtha
678.00
624.25
364.00
611.00
678.00
626.25
365.00
614.00
-13.00
-9.25
-5.75
-5.00
Bank of England official close (4pm)
CPI
104.90 Feb (2015 = 100)
RPI
278.10 Feb (Jan 1987 = 100)
RPIX
278.60 Feb (Jan 1987 = 100)
Morningstar Long Commodity
5312.96 (-2.06)
3-Mth Sterling
n/a
Exchange Index
3497.19 (-4.11)
Long Gilt
Period
Jun 18
Sep 18
Jun 18
Sep 18
Dec 18
Mar 19
Jun 19
Jun 18
Sep 18
Dec 18
Mar 19
Jun 19
Jun 18
Sep 18
Dec 18
Jun 18
Sep 18
Jun 18
Sep 18
610.83 (+2.83)
Morningstar Long/Short Commod 4337.41 (+10.77)
� 2017 Tradeweb Markets LLC. All rights reserved.
The Tradeweb FTSE Gilt Closing Prices information contained
herein is proprietary to Tradeweb; may not be copied or
re-distributed; is not warranted to be accurate, complete or timely; and does not constitute
investment advice. Tradeweb is not responsible for any loss or damage that might result
from the use of this information.
ICE Futures
Sep
Oct
69.86-69.83
69.35-69.31
Volume: 1399258
1794-1791
1829-1828
1844-1826
1849-1828
1819-1750
1806-1723
Jul
Sep
Dec
1809-1730
1815-1710
1788-1611
LIFFE
Cocoa
May
Jul
Sep
Dec
Mar
May
May
Jul
Sep
Nov
1700-1698
1731-1728
1720-1715
1734-1720
Reuters
632.50-632.25
628.25-627.75
625.00-624.50
Volume: 85795
RobustaCoffee
Jan
Mar
1731-1714
1748-1701
Volume: 21211
White Sugar (FOB)
Gas Oil
May
Jun
Jul
71.55-71.53
70.92-70.90
70.39-70.36
Aug
Sep
623.25-622.75
622.00-621.75
Volume: 525061
Aug
Oct
Dec
340.50-339.90
336.90-335.00
342.10-338.20
Mar
May
Aug
Oct
351.00-345.00
357.00-350.50
357.40-356.00
405.00-360.00
Volume: 30300
the times | Tuesday April 17 2018
49
1G M
Markets Business
SIMON DAWSON/BLOOMBERG/GETTY
Russian steelmaker feels
heat of sanctions fears
Miles Costello Market report
C
Elliott turns
the screw on
Whitbread
W
hitbread faces
mounting
pressure to
pursue a demerger
amid speculation that
Elliott Advisors, the
activist investor, is
preparing to buy
further shares in the
Premier Inn and
Costa Coffee operator
(Dominic Walsh
writes).
Elliott notified the
FTSE 100 leisure group
on Wednesday that it
had built a 5.3 per cent
stake, although by the
time that the New
York-based hedge fund
had issued a statement
on Saturday it had
pushed its stake past
6 per cent. Although
Elliott would not
comment yesterday,
The Times understands
that it is keen to
acquire further shares.
Elliott, founded in
1977, has had a base in
London since 1994 and
its biggest holdings in
Europe include 6.7 per
cent of BHP Billiton.
Whitbread began as
a brewer, but today is
Britain?s biggest hotel
and coffee shop
operator. Its budget
Premier Inn chain has
777 hotels in the UK
and it has almost 2,400
Costa stores here.
Confirmation of
Elliott?s holding sent
shares of Whitbread
up by 283p, or 7.2 per
cent, to �.18. They
have rallied since
Sachem Head, another
US activist investor,
declared a 3.4 per cent
stake in December.
In response to
Sachem Head?s move
Alison Brittain,
Whitbread?s chief
executive, said she was
?open-minded? about a
demerger, though now
was not the right time.
Results in brief
Name
Pre-tax figure
Profit (+) loss (-)
Dividend
Carrs (agriculture HY)
Amerisur Resources (mining FY)
Shanta Gold (mining FY)
Puretech Health (pharma FY)
�.6m (�3m)
$630,000 (-$29.3m)
$3.5m (-$4.3m)
-$70.7m (-$83.2m)
1.075p p May 21
0p
0p
0p
6 Results in brief are given for all companies valued at more than � million. f = final p = payable
The day?s biggest movers
Company
Whitbread Pressure for break-up from activist investor
Hammerson Speculation it could renegotiate or scrap merger with Intu
Card Factory Hopes improved weather will boost trading
Halfords Speculation that sales recovery has taken hold
Mitchells & Butlers Positive broker commentary boosts leisure stocks
Centamin Continued fall after reporting drop in gold production
Vedanta Resources Mounting international trade tensions
WPP Chief executive?s exit and speculation of a lengthy break-up
Evraz Worries of fresh sanctions against Russia
Polymetal International Acquires stake in a silver deposit and completes asset swap
London Grain Futures
LIFFE Wheat (close �/t)
May
147.50 Jul
148.50
Jan
unq Mar
unq
Gold/Precious
metals (US dollars per ounce)
Nov
145.75
Volume: 922
London Metal Exchange
(Official)
Cash
3mth
15mth
Copper Gde A ($/tonne)
6811.0-6811.5
7310.0-7320.0
2333.0-2335.0
1980.0-1985.0
European money
deposits %
1943.0-1948.0
Currency
Lead ($/tonne)
2341.0-2341.5
Zinc Spec Hi Gde ($/tonne)
3115.5-3116.0
3130.0-3132.0
Tin ($/tonne)
21050.0-21075.0
21000.0-21050.0
20660.0-20710.0
Alum Hi Gde ($/tonne)
2358.0-2358.5
2348.0-2349.0
0.00.0
S
hare shoppers
were avoiding
Intu Properties as
opposition appeared
to grow to its
proposed merger with
Hammerson.
Intu Properties?
stock slid by more
than 5 per cent, or
11緋, to 208p, after
APG, one of the
biggest investors in
Hammerson, said
over the weekend that
it would not back the
deal with Intu. That
came hours after
Kl閜ierre, the French
shopping centre
owner, had walked
away from making a
formal offer for
Hammerson.
Hammerson,
Wall Street report
The prospect of positive earnings
reports this week from the likes of
Godlman Sachs, General Electric
and IBM lifted spirits and indices in
New York, with the Dow Jones
industrial average rising 212.90
points to close at 24,573.04.
more than 9 per cent of its value,
dropping 64絧 to 611紁 amid fears
that it could suffer in a further
American crackdown on the country.
Washington has already imposed
sanctions on seven Russian oligarchs
and their companies.
Polymetal?s fall came despite it
sealing an agreement to swap coppergold assets in Russia for a majority
stake in a deposit in Kazakhstan and
the acquisition of a 45 per cent stake
in a silver mine in Eurasia.
In the wider market, trade tensions
weighed on mid-sized as well as large
companies. The FTSE 100 fell 66.36
points to 7,198.20 and the FTSE 250
dropped 67.02 points to 19,771.52.
The main talk among dealers was
of Whitbread and WPP. Whitbread
jumped more than 7 per cent, up 283p
to �.18, after Elliott Advisors
emerged with a 6 per cent stake and
called for the leisure group to split its
Costa Coffee and Premier Inn chains.
Elliott joins Sachem Head, its fellow
activist, in calling for a break-up of
Finance House 1.0
1 mth
ECB Refi 0.00
US Fed Fd 1.25-1.50
2 mth
3 mth
6 mth
12 mth
0.5237
0.6426
0.7805
0.8989
1.0563
Clearer CDs
0.60-0.50
0.70-0.60
0.83-0.73
1.00-0.85
1.18-1.03
Depo CDs
0.60-0.50
0.70-0.60
0.83-0.73
1.00-0.85
1.18-1.03
Eurodollar Deps
1.87-2.07
2.00-2.20
2.31-2.51
2.44-2.64
2.70-2.90
Sterling spot and forward rates
1mth
3mth
6mth
12mth
0.13
0.20
0.29
0.55
0.52
0.78
0.90
1.06
0.10
0.15
0.20
0.50
Mkt Rates for
Copenhagen
Euro
Montreal
New York
Oslo
Stockholm
Tokyo
Zurich
conversely, rose 14紁
to 487紁, as the
market reacted to
speculation that it
could try to
renegotiate the
proposed combination
with Intu, or drop it
altogether at a
meeting this week.
Range
8.5885-8.6316
1.1591-1.1537
1.7946-1.8045
1.4238-1.4335
11.064-11.160
12.009-12.111
152.66-153.73
1.3696-1.3758
Close
8.6246-8.6262
1.1582-1.1581
1.8026-1.8028
1.4333-1.4334
11.150-11.152
12.062-12.065
153.63-153.64
1.3750-1.3752
1 month
80ds
7pr
12pr
18pr
33pr
112ds
9ds
16ds
Premium = pr
3 month
270ds
26pr
36pr
57pr
89pr
373ds
36ds
54ds
Discount = ds
Australia
Canada
Denmark
Euro
Hong Kong
Japan
Malaysia
Norway
Singapore
Sweden
Switzerland
Exchange rates
1.2852-1.2858
1.2577-1.2578
6.0174-6.0179
0.8080-0.8080
7.8497-7.8502
107.18-107.19
3.8831-3.8881
7.7787-7.7805
1.3113-1.3114
8.4156-8.4171
0.9593-0.9594
Other Sterling
Argentina peso
Australia dollar
Bahrain dinar
Brazil real
Euro
Hong Kong dollar
India rupee
Indonesia rupiah
Kuwait dinar KD
Malaysia ringgit
New Zealand dollar
Singapore dollar
S Africa rand
U A E dirham
Hammerson owns or
has stakes in
shopping centres in
Britain and
continental Europe,
including the Bullring
in Birmingham. Intu?s
portfolio includes
Lakeside in Essex.
Some shareholders
worry that by
merging with Intu,
Hammerson could
dilute the quality of
its portfolio and place
too great a bet on UK
retail.
Yesterday Green
Street Advisors, a
property analyst,
called the merger
?mere empire
building? and said
that investors should
vote ?no?.
that downgraded its revenue outlook
in January and again last month,
resumed its fall, losing 47p to �.52
after bouncing last week amid reports
that Elliott had joined its list of
shareholders.
Sage lost further ground, closing off
18絧 at 598絧, in the wake of cutting
its forecast for annual growth in
revenues last week.
Pubs groups were in vogue.
Mitchells & Butlers picked up 6絧 to
265絧 and Greene King rose 14紁 to
572紁.
Trade tensions held back miners,
though, and Vedanta Resources fell
34p to 713絧 even after it appointed
its next chief executive. Ferrexpo
shed 7紁 to 210緋 and Kaz Minerals
was off 21緋 at 877紁.
Sophos shook off last week?s gains,
ending the day down 14絧 at 474絧,
as dealers pondered the implications
of the arrival on the stock market of
Avast, a cybersecurity rival, and its
$4 billion London listing, probably by
the end of next month.
Dollar rates
Clearing Banks: 0.50
Interbank Rates
Hammerson owns the
Bullring shopping
centre in Birmingham
Whitbread, which also owns the
Beefeater and Brewers Fayre
restaurant brands.
WPP went the other way, sliding
77p to �.11 as dealers speculated that
the marketing and advertising group
could be broken up in the wake of the
departure of Sir Martin Sorrell, its
founding boss, even if any such move
was not imminent.
Smurfit Kappa was a gainer, adding
90p to �.72, after weekend reports
suggested that the paper and
packaging group was coming under
pressure from some of its
shareholders to start talking to
International Paper, of the United
States, its potential suitor, which it
has knocked back twice.
Rolls-Royce rose 11p to 877緋 as
the engineer appeared to be dealing
swiftly with a requirement that
operators of one of its Trent 1,000
engines carry out earlier-than-usual
maintenance checks on one of its
parts.
Micro Focus, the software group
Treasury Bills (Dis) Buy: 1 mth 0.260; 3 mth 0.430. Sell: 1 mth 0.489; 3 mth 0.574
Euro
14200.0-14210.0
Investors head out of Intu
Halifax Mortgage Rate 3.99
Sterling
Nickel ($/tonne)
14140.0-14150.0
Base Rates
Dollar
2280.0-2285.0
7.2%
3%
2.8%
2.7%
2.6%
-3.1%
-4.5%
-6.5%
-7.0%
-9.5%
property and construction
Money rates %
Bullion: Open $1343.84
Close $1348.70-1349.50 High $1350.30
Low $1341.10
AM $1344.40 PM $1349.35
Krugerrand $1335.00-1407.00 (�1.38981.62)
Platinum $932.00 (�0.22)
Silver $16.74 (�.68)
Palladium $1016.00 (�8.83)
6850.0-6853.0
Change
ompanies with links to
Russia suffered a sharp
sell-off yesterday as
speculation mounted that
the United States was
poised to impose a fresh round of
sanctions.
Evraz, the Russian steel producer,
was the biggest faller in the FTSE 100,
closing almost 7 per cent lower, down
27絧 at 365紁, as dealers feared that
it would be hit by the likely additional
restrictions on trade. Evraz, which is
part-owned by Roman Abramovich, is
already under pressure after
President Trump imposed higher
import tariffs on steel and aluminium
in March in a dispute with China.
Polymetal International, the
FTSE 250 gold and silver miner with
extensive operations in Russia, lost
28.987-28.997
1.8427-1.8429
0.5368-0.5438
4.9146-4.9189
1.1581-1.1582
11.251-11.253
93.806-93.835
19619-19631
0.4285-0.4308
5.5648-5.5719
1.9459-1.9462
1.8795-1.8797
17.288-17.296
5.2630-5.2644
Australia $
Canada $
Denmark Kr
Egypt
Euro �
Hong Kong $
Hungary
Indonesia
Israel Shk
Japan Yen
New Zealand $
Norway Kr
Poland
Russia
S Africa Rd
Sweden Kr
Switzerland Fr
Turkey Lira
USA $
Bank buys Bank sells
2.000
1.740
1.950
1.700
9.260
8.120
n/a
n/a
1.260
1.100
12.030
10.580
395.290
325.210
22571.700
18004.400
5.510
4.700
166.070
143.820
2.170
1.830
12.050
10.410
5.320
4.360
95.470
79.500
19.100
16.170
12.830
11.410
1.510
1.300
6.480
5.540
1.560
1.370
Rates for banknotes and traveller's cheques as
traded by Royal Bank of Scotland plc yesterday
Data as shown is
for information
purposes only. No offer is made by
Morningstar or this publication
550
Tuesday April 17 2018 | the times
1G M
Business Equity prices
12 month
High Low Company
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
214N
Banking & finance
55
39O 1PMv
47
?
14
14 ACHPv
14
?
2178
63K
2W
25N
4
27
1784 Admiral
19K ADVFNv
1N Ambrianv#
9 Amedeo Resv
Y Amphion Innovsv
17N Amryt Pharmav
10887W 8438V Aon Corpn
1562K 1245 Arbuthnot Bkgv
2X
54
2 Arc Mineralsv
32 Arden Partnersv
18K
14O Argo Groupv
433V
332N Ashmore Gp
1809N 1450 Aus New Z
542
62V
486K Aviva?
40K AXA Property Tr
1900
?
40
1K
1.0
1N
14K 2.7 16.2
?
? 41.1
?
? -0.3
K
?
17X
8.4
? 70.0
10N +
? -2.1
? -0.2
?
? -2.5
10095X + 184Y 1.0 89.2
1475
?
2V
44
2.1 45.3
?
+
18N
K
?
9
57V
42K LMS Capital
18V
?
? -6.0
?
? Location Sciences Groupv?
70
65 El Oro
67
?
3.6 10.6
4216
3172 Lond Stk Ex Gp 4216
?
? -2.5
217X
7
? -8.7
14N
215
?
6.2 12.8
2X
1022X
?
? 11.6
1
334
145 EPE Special Oppsv
169
303
212W Esure?
1092V
709Y FBD?
+
44K Fiskev
82K
?
? 41.2
67
45O Frenkel Toppingv
47Y
?
2.3 29.9
3
N 6.7 -1.8
4040
21
7Y GLI Financev
9N +
428
319 Gresham Housev
407
+
1
?
?
931
815 Gresh Hse Stratv
830
+
2K 1.8
?
66O
61N Gulf Invest
66
+
1Y 3.3 -5.9
268 H&T Groupv
340
?
1
2.7
4.2 18.8
1450
+
K 9.2 11.7
505K ?
2K 4.2 33.4
93K
1928
74 Hansard Global
1266 Hargreaves L
77
+
1713
325
260K Hastings Gp
276O ?
167K
105 Helios Underv
107K ?
? -7.3
?
? Highway Capital#
532
452K Banco Santander
466K +
4N 4.0 13.0
1525
178Y Barclays
213O +
W 1.4 62.8
796
620O HSBC
671Y ?
498 IG Group
819
589K
3868
427 Beazley
3226 BGEO Group
X
278
19
393
2582
54X
589K +
3444
V Blue Star Capitalv
197K BP Marsh&Ptnrsv
13O Braveheart Invv
318W Brewin Dolphin
1810 Brooks Macv?
45 Carador
?
4
1.7 32.6
841
20
2.1 11.7
209K
?
?
?
252
?
1.4
4.6
15
?
?
N
353O ?
4
3.7 14.9
?
? 20.0
12K 1.8 25.2
225
280
44
+
1K 2.2 14.3
1553X +
5Y 10.6 11.9
991
+
1
3.8 53.8
60
?
1
3.2 14.4
93N
76 Park Groupv
791 PayPoint
387
?
+
1V
W 2.8
?
7.6
184N
78W Countrywide
460O
232V Craven Housev
293
?
636K
438O Crest Nicholson
486
+
2368
?
486
?
1O 2.8 11.6
79
?
1N 3.6 16.0
813
?
5
5.5
9.3
6.9
?
? -4.8
5
5.5 11.4
?
? -5.1
21
4.0 11.1
1468
?
111N CMC Markets
179
?
687K Commerzbk
926K ?
1V
? 55.3
261Y CYBG
304
1V
? 17.6
4W 4.9 10.4
8X 1.6
?
3
4.6 11.3
81N
?
9.2 66.1
N
?
? -0.7
? -2.3
182
91N ?
1N
W
? -1.0
13Y
? 11.5
1O 6.1
7.4
3
2.4 12.5
?
? -0.2
3.9 15.5
34
22N PCF Groupv
33
?
0.3 22.0
7005
5580 Daejan
5990
+ 100
1.5
1.4 25.4
36W
30 Phaunos Timber
30N
?
0.8 36.5
3140
2580 Derwent London
3135
?
37
1.6 32.7
11
2.4 14.0
815
724 Phoenix Gp Hldgs?
773K ?
?
3W 5.1 12.2
?
? PLUS Marketsv
?
1050
?
239W ?
?
V
1246
+
?
14V
16
2.6 22.7
?
153K
4.7 15.3
150
631W
440Y Jupiter Fund Mgmt
465K ?
3W 3.6 13.8
2800
170W
124 Just Group
144K +
1K 2.2
4.3
182
759K
556K Lancashire Hdgs
589K ?
K 1.8
?
?
588 Provident
1613 Prudential?
2W Quadrise Fuels Intlv
111X Randall & Quilterv
97 Rasmala PLCv
2302 Rathbone Brs
144N Reddev
? Robeco N/V
38K
25 Leaf Clean Energyv
26
?
? -1.3
?
? Rolinco N/V
40
31 Leeds Groupv
31
?
? 12.4
302W
224X Ryl Bk Scot
? Legendary Invsv
1055
2
?
246 Legal & Gen
W CSF Grpv
6.8
1
497
N
2338 CRH?
?
0.8
?
365 Jarvis Securitiesv
276O
4W
?
7O
6 Dolphin Capitalv
7
?
? -0.3
17N
10Y Dragon-Ukra Propv
11
3K 6.3
268
?
?
3
?
717X Liberty Group
717X ?
422X Liontrust
562
5.4
8.8
? 23.0
21O 5.6 17.5
666K
2420
65K
570K RSA Ins?
1883K S & U
58K Schroder REIT
686W +
1817K ?
2O +
1O 9.7
29
V
262Y ?
646K ?
2400
?
59
+
48K Fletcher Kingv
62K
?
6.4 10.1
112N
64K Foxtons Group
78
6K 9.8 18.3
738Y
587K Gr Portland
690
?
9X 1.7
?
28
609K
434W Hammerson?
487N +
14N 5.0
9.9
59
1W 4.6 10.4
+
K 0.7 12.7
302K Heath (Samuel)v
465
362
288K Helical Bar
351
+
7K 2.4 54.0
8.3
952K
880 Highcroft Invs
930
+
5
4.4 15.9
2.9
?
1.1 11.8
3773
3059 Schroders?
3255
?
10
3.0 15.4
560Y
482N HK Land
494O +
2
5.6
2695
2178 Schroders N/V?
2320
?
10
4.2 11.0
293W
200N Ibstock
293W +
1W 2.6 13.2
73
62V Lloyds Bkg Gp
67X ?
K 3.9 14.1
2455
1512K Secure Trust Bk
1872K
?
4.0 17.6
341K
304K Industrial Multi Pro
317K
?
969K
271X
124K
1386
769
42
275
984
923
1435
991X
2155
1766V
1466K
878
83
389
168K
346
212
499
170
1372K
514
424
63
50K
753
792
3008
143
242K
201
443
246
494
394
779K
816
2786
329
1350
974
338
151O
1415
672
363
108
107
425
109
405K
262
234
158O
273
777
133
750
43
?
1090
1030
1306
1425
201N
900
1210
1797K
174K
225
108Y
842K
273
310K
308
144
212
102
193K
83K
524K
764 3I Group
886V
203 3i Infrastructure
208O
113O Abrdn Div I&G
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12
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2390
1475 Judges Scientificv
490 Dairy Crest Group
333
5.1 12.5
1.4 10.1
1.2 -5.6
127K LPAv
V
176K Devro?
315 Palace Capital
2
?
1.1 32.7
2.0 22.6
178K
2390
652K
107V Pac All China Landv
X
6.6
5
7
?
3K 0.9 20.5
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? Inspirit Energyv
5O
1046
246
371K
K Pathfinder Minsv
+
4V Image Scanv
39
20Y
185O
7O
+
315
3.5 10.3
2.2 17.6
432K
192K
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272 North Midland Cons
1
25
365V
3V
278 NewRiver REIT
5O 2.6 18.8
25
472 Mucklow (A&J)
2890
?
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W 7.5
20
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38K
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395
2.2
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1100
207Y ?
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194X Intu Properties
8.4
2468
95K
390 James Halsteadv
?
820 Churchill Chinav
460 Colefaxv
1929
289
?
31K Holders Techv
1032 IMI?
7V
2060 Coca Cola HBC
26
542
12O
1443
177
2671
232N
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5K 0.9 10.4
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1149
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8.5
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477K ?
1N
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798 Keller
30K 3.6 13.5
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120 Carr's Grp
8207X 6448 Kerry Gp
3452Y 2442 Kingspan Group?
9.2
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33
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11.7
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101O
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224K C&C Grp
1702
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1K 1.5 14.9
592K +
1498 Burberry Grp
338N
?
1539
505 Wynnstay Propsv
656 Britvic
1985
?
1W 2.0 15.4
2125
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267K Animalcarev
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2389 AB Foods
+
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609
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11K 2.1
29K Aireav?
? Flowgrpv
294N GKN?
2N 3.3 -7.0
992K ?
1N ABACO CAPITALv
284K Fenner
?
38
817 Workspace Grp
3874K Brit Amer Tob
2689
27
22O Sharev
118
69 Sigma Capv
11W
11N Sosanderv
1030 St James Place? 1072K
685Y Stand Chart?
727N
354K Strd Life Aber
372O
2V
2V Starvestv
61K
33 STM Groupv
2448 Sun Life Can
2844Y
4
3O Tau Capitalv
1489 TBC Bank Group
1802
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22K
22K TISO Blackstar Gpv
439Y TP ICAP?
452O
3O
1W Trading Emissnsv
8K UltimateSportsv
18K
258V Virgin Money Plc?
263X
975
630 Volverev
124
119 WH Irelandv
37 Walker Crips Grp
38
3542W Wells Fargo
3545X
1569W Westpac
1571
15O
5O Zoltav Resourcev
19524O Zurich Fincl
22439Y
4K
463
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108K ?
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580K Barr (AG)
5643
3337
29
118
262K
1270K
849V
446N
5
61K
3090O
4X
1884
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553K
3Y
18K
332X
1025
152K
48K
4710X
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28K
23597K
1.5
101
705N Anglo-Eastern
W
Price
Yld Dis(-)
(p) +/- % or Pm
109K JLaingInFr?
111O
366 JPM American?
376
298N JPM Asian?
341
59Y JPM Brazil
65O
220K JPM Chinese
294
661 JPM Claverhs
726
99 JPM Elect Mg C
100K
721 JPM Elect Mg G
777K
106 JPM Elect Mg I
110
744 JPM Em Mkts
832
281N JPM Eur IT Gth
299
148N JPM Eur IT Inc
157
334O JPM Euro Smlr
395
95 JPM Gl Conv
97V
122 JPM GEMI?
124
289 JPM GG&I
304
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? JPM Inc&Gth Inc
?
? JPM Inc&Gth Cap
?
644 JPM Indian
691
310K JPM Jap Sml Co
424
333K JPM Japan
435
1004 JPM Mid Cap?
1180
93K JPM Mlti-Ass
95K
438O JPM Russian
454
883 JPM Smllr Co
1130
251 JPM US Sml?
276
621 Jupiter Euro Opps
725
299 Jupiter Prima
310
769 Jupiter US Smlr
854
7N Juridica Invsv
8K
1647K Keystone IT
1695
552 Law Debenture?
576
1433 Lowland?
1475
270 Majedie
284
368O M Currie Pac
382
225 M Currie Port?
229
124K Marwyn Val In?
128
1862 Mercantile IT?
2085
455 Merchants
498
435 Mid Wynd
472
633K Monks Inv Tst
757
700K Montanaro Eur Sml 780
724 Murray Income Trust 742
1166 Murray International?1168
91N Nb Global Floating
93
? P2P Glbl Invs
?
240 Pacific Assets
252
333K Perpetual In&Gr
349
38750 Personal Assets? 39250
913 Polar Cap Tech
1092
113K Prm Eng & Wtr ZDP 115
109K Prem Glb & Inf
119K
101W Renewables Inf
106O
1815 RIT Cap Ptnr
1920
1170 Riverstone
1214
276K Schroder TotRt?
344
377K Schrd Asia Pac
438
267 Schrod Inc Gwth?
280
187N Schrod Jap Gwth
206
165 Schrod UK Gwth
182
479N Schrod UKMid
530
336N Scot American
356
771 Scot IT?
795
361K Scot Mtge
445W
156 Secs Tst Scot?
160
104K Sequoia Eco
105K
1180 Temple Bar
1246
643 Tplton Emg Mkt
705
324V TR Property
386K
73 Troy Inc&Gth?
74
85K UK Comm Prop Tst
90
153 Utilico Ord
163
212 Utilico Emerging Market214V
154V Utilico Fin ZDP 2018 158
? UtilFin RdZDP 2016
?
319 Vietnam Ent Inv
480
968 Witan
1010
306 Witan Pacific
318
72 Woodford Patient Cap Tr84
2265 Ww Health
2385
7V Elektronv
4Y
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1K
?
29V
3
1O 1.5 16.7
?
18V 3.2 11.6
? -0.2
1216 Travis Perkins?
?
3.3 13.7
2086N ?
2.3 13.7
2X 0.9 41.0
14
2
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2K 2.1 10.9
600
20
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1
320
71
?
524
3
4
1035
1125
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?
+
104K
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1.1
11K
238K Urban&Civic plc
7.1
2
973K ?
325
? -0.3
1K
514
?
1696
+
391N Safestore
177
545
Price
Yld Dis(-)
(p) +/- % or Pm
2587N 2086N Electrolux 'B'
802K ?
Investment Trusts
12 month
High Low Company
4.4
1.7
622 Unite Group?
X 15.1
2.6 34.7
?
813
?
43K +
2
498 Dialight
?
40 Livermore Invsv
+
640 Dewhurstv
1098
80
842 Savills?
11K Secure Propertyv
+
1200
7.7
W 4.3
59K
610
57K
40K Croma Securityv
1K 2.8
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3.0
537K
1.0 21.3
+
288
295
3.7 12.9
0.4 19.8
608
132K Titon
247 Grainger
N 4.2
2.0 23.0
?
270 Town Centre
299O
7V 2.7 24.7
10
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118K
303K +
1
127W +
342K
289 Tyman
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110
285 Cohortv
118K
7.0
382
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92 Harworth Gp
462K
62 Chamberlinv
4.9
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50K +
122Y Hansteen Hldgs
?
9.4
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146Y +
W EQTECv
115
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V 8.4
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139K Tritax Big Box REIT
44 First Propv
145K
116N ?
215
2.3 28.6
?
113W Cobham
318O
5K 1.8 14.0
?
148
174Y Taylor Wimpey? 190K ?
756K ?
? 41.7
?
211V
685 Grafton Gp Uts
1Y
?
13K Steppe Cementv
841K
?
1
525 Stewart & Wight
? -5.3
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133K +
23
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208K ?
525
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V 6.1 18.8
52 Safelandv
332V St Modwen Prp
716
4
2489O
72K
426
879
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?
48Y
112K
570 Gleeson (MJ)
8.2
163K Chemring Group?
151W
58
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622V
800 Galliford Try
142K
171K ?
N
20K
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2670Y
5O
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2.4 19.5
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2412
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6.3
158K ?
625
82290W
2920
61K
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5.9
209K
55K
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2.6
176K
20K ?
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34
6.6
?
? -0.2
1981
11K 4.8
231K
?
1
20K Raven Russia Wnts
528 Redrow?
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
?
31K RDI REIT
664K
12 month
High Low Company
42O ?
52 Real Estate Invsv?
?
3.9 11.5
117K
63
0.5
1K
258Y Countryside Properties 358O ?
27N
133K Raven Russia CRP
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
40K
8
1
115N Raven R CNV Pref
42K Raven Russia
154K
?
39K +
186K CLS Hldgs?
9.5
2O 4.5 11.1
81Y ?
371K
? 21.9
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53K
1740
250K
1
? IRF Euro Fin Inv
9O Carecapitalv
70K Clarke T
+
7.6
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133O +
1096 Jardine Lyd Th?
50N Cap & Regnl
1625 Cardiff Prop
?
1K 2.9 29.5
102 IP Group
?
61K
1740
375
403Y Paragon
651
103K Caledonian Tstv
231N Numisv
1V Origo Partnersv
590K Br Land?
253 Cap & Count Prop
558 NEX Group
362O Onesavings Bank?
78N
249
154K
1448
691K
74X Breedon Groupv
324O
?
3265
6.8
92K
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6.4 12.1
406
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+
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346 Chesnara?
1V
1188
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320
3.7
?
1213
301 Investment Co
16.0
357
?
347O
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409N
81N Downing ONE VCT
2.3 13.3
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3.8 20.5
975V Deutsche Bk
4
?
1.7 20.4
337Y Direct Line Ins?
3.6
+
?
13
86
?
300
4K
15
411N
274
229O Boot (Henry)
1K
+
1535
217K Billington Hldgsv
347
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45K
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297K
8.0
1V Plutus PowerGenv
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340N
90
1088
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1197K
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2N 3.8 16.3
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2X
343
1316 Close Bros?
1.8
905K +
V 4.7 16.8
221K Charles Taylor
179
21
722 Big Yellow Group
? -8.3
168
13N 5.6 18.9
905K
4
233W ?
512K
1.0 28.0
?
152K Oakley Cap Invsv?
? -7.9
54
+
188 Old Mutual?
K
52
8V 4.1 11.5
308 Charles Stanley
1715
1Y
173K
2W
124K
7.0
3452
257O
470N
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140K ?
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+
+
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?
3.7
21
556W ?
2.1
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760
11.5 15.7
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16
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2
2K 1.4
+
3885
461W Investec
20
170
380
3238
3093 Berkeley
138V Intl Public Pntshp
1887K +
449
1004
2727 Bellway
4240
166K
295
K Clear Leisurev
35V Miton Groupv?
1871Y 1550X Nat Aust Bk
3792
648K
434
70 City of Lon GpvV
1X Metal Tigerv
3242 Metro Bank
6.1
? -0.4
5.2
?
360 City Lon Inv Gp
45
730 Mattioli Woodsv
1W ?
12 month
High Low Company
?
W 3.7 22.1
103
1X
712K Intermediate Cap
+
861
?
14N
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
?
157K IPF?
88 Cenkos Secsv
172K
1178
82K Impaxv
1505
Y Marechale Capv
185
?
12 month
High Low Company
?
240W
122
454
1117 Hiscox
7O Manx Finv
51N
?
15K ?
224X
2.8 10.9
144W Man
6142W 5135O Marsh McLn
82K
367Y
+
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186N ?
? -2.1
396
40Y +
5.4
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
18V EIHv
1 Energiser Invv
12.4
12 month
High Low Company
20N
2K
149X EFG-Hermes Hldg
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
? 13.7
?
5
12 month
High Low Company
12K 1.0 13.3
?
?
5.2 10.7
?
?
10K 3.2 15.5
17V
240O
5N
48
Y Physiomicsv
31K Premier Veterinary
2O Proteome Sciesv
28K Realm Therapeuticsv
1N
2K
4
1.8 28.2
?
0.4 35.0
1O 0.9 12.1
8
? -2.2
?
1.3 32.2
O
?
33O ?
2430
+
1408K ?
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?
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7O
? 28.2
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4
?
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? -9.2
0.9 22.5
11W 5.6 45.4
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1175K ?
17K 2.1 22.0
4355
45
+
230
?
?
147
+
418
+
?
1.7 23.0
2
?
3
? 70.6
35K
?
? -6.2
6W
?
592K +
1
23K
3390
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1.3 63.7
?
?
5656O ?
?
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20
?
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0.3 55.1
26V 3.5 23.5
9N
?
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11K
?
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?
6
+
O
? -9.8
33
+
1K
? -1.1
3K
?
? -4.4
34K
?
? -2.8
the times | Tuesday April 17 2018
51
1G M
Equity prices Business
12 month
High Low Company
8108 5624 Reckitt Benck?
1
X Sareum Hldgsv
4852 2953K Shire?
245K 72Y Silence Therapv
34O 18O Sinclair Pharmav
1431 1215 Smith & Neph?
361
206 Spire Hcare
242K 142K Summit Corpv
417K 280 Swallowfieldv
27
6Y Synairgenv
16
5X Tissue Regenixv
240
82 Tiziana Lifev
317K 187K Tristelv
959
694 UDG Healthcare
7X
Y ValiRxv
155
68W Vectura Grp
25
2Y Vernalisv
197K 102K Verona Pharmav
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
5997
O
3559
171
18O
1309K
230K
187K
310
13
9K
82
280
875
2Y
104K
3X
152
?
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?
?
+
+
?
+
+
+
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18
?
47K
3O
?
12K
1
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W
1
?
1
V
10K
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2.6
?
0.6
?
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1.7
1.6
?
1.6
?
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1.4
1.0
?
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12.6
33.0
10.3
?
-3.7
20.2
34.9
?
17.3
-4.2
-6.5
-8.6
34.4
40.7
-0.3
?
-0.4
-6.5
12 month
High Low Company
5X
136K
56O
81O
8533K
10772Y
421
4X
10
176K
90
4655
2Y
1947K
317
819O
2V
72
?
4858K
3313O
3503
2130
126
141K
515K
558K
748V
23K
35821W
513
4432V
3V
45K
2730
647K
562
61 Accsys Tech
6958N BASF
7817V Bayer DM50
104 Biome Techv
2X Byotrolv
8K Camb Gbl Timberv
89K Cloudcall Groupv
60O Coats Grp
3492 Croda
1X Cronin Gpv
1395 Cropper (James)v
259 Elementis
685 Evans (M.P.)v
1N Hardidev
46X Inspiration Healthv
? Intl Ferro Metals#
4291X Jardine Math
2686X Jardine Strat
2727 Johnson Math
1693 Mondi
105K Plastics Capitalv
72K Robinsonv
366 Scapav
418O Smith (DS)?
656O Swire Pacific
9O Symph Environv
33419N Syngenta
460 Synthomer
3263W Takeda Pharm
Y TyraTech Incv
9K Velocysv
1832 Victrex
405 Wynnstay Groupv?
281O Zotefoams
74Y
7265W
8455W
360
2Y
9X
159K
79
4630
2V
1437K
292O
750
1K
49K
Y
4291X
2686X
3274
1941K
106K
72K
405
495
696K
23N
35821W
496V
3263W
2W
10N
2644
427K
562
+
+
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+
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+
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+
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6
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10
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16
54W
29
21K
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3
17V
6X
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1N
518N
W
68N
?
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18
2K
6
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3.6
2.8
?
?
?
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1.2
1.6
?
0.8
2.1
1.9
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2.6
0.8
2.2
2.5
1.3
7.5
0.4
3.0
2.9
?
?
2.3
3.6
?
?
1.7
2.8
1.0
?
12.3
25.5
?
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?
?
18.8
25.8
-8.1
25.8
16.5
24.9
?
37.5
?
5.7
5.1
16.7
15.7
13.8
13.9
28.7
24.3
6.3
?
41.3
22.9
20.5
-4.7
-0.9
22.7
13.4
43.0
882
1924
?
?
4.0
4.5
4.8
160
68 Exillon Energy
70K +
1K
?
3.9
2W
3.0
?
126W
75K Faroe Petrolv
126W ?
1V
?
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51K
?
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?
323V
7V 1.2
3
3.4
?
52K
40O Centaur Media
245 DCD Mediav
559
?
1
? 20.7
?
? 27.0
123K
66 Ebiquityv?
68K
?
1.5 15.2
110O
55K G3 Exploration
?
? -1.0
7V
4N Galantas Goldv
O
W Edenville Energyv
329W
216 Entertainmnt One
1035 Euromoney In Inv
169 Future
617K
477K GlobalDatav?
W
274
?
1268
?
390
?
3O 0.4 70.2
26
1.9 38.8
5
600
?
116
?
?
1.1
?
?
118
89K Gocompare.com
435
317K IG Design Grpv
421K ?
19 Immedia Grpv
27K
?
?
?
6Y
?
?
2.2
34K
6Y Ind News&Med
? 30.5
4K 1.0 27.3
761
634K Informa
723V +
3W 2.6 28.9
195N
142K ITE Group
142K ?
5W 3.1
219K
142W ITV?
143O ?
40
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uAIM company; # Price at suspension;
? Ex dividend; ? Ex scrip; s Ex rights issue;
t Ex all; � Ex capital distribution; * figures
or report awaited; . . . No significant data. Companies in bold are constituents of the FTSE 100
Index. Investment Cos sector Nav Dis or Prm
supplied by Morningstar.
Data as shown is
for information
purposes only. No offer is made by
Morningstar or this publication
the times | Tuesday April 17 2018
53
1G M
Profane drill sergeant in
the film Full Metal Jacket
R Lee Ermey
Page 54
Register
Obituaries
Fred Hamblin
Wodehousian chemist who was a key figure in the development of plastics at ICI, once stole a steamroller and almost blew up his school
It was clear from his schooldays
onwards what Fred Hamblin would
end up doing for a living. In one chemistry lesson at Kingswood Grammar in
Bristol he managed to create enough
TNT to blow himself clean through an
asbestos wall into the next classroom.
He went on to run ICI Germany, where
he was instrumental in the early development of the plastics industry.
A man of buoyant personality
throughout his long life, he delighted in
giving colourful accounts of his
exploits. He never slowed down, having
a second family in his fifties, and was a
serial retiree who, unbowed by age,
continued to work into his eighties. In
his spare time he was chairman or
president of a wide range of societies,
among them the Brighton West Pier
Trust, the Brighton Lifeboat Association, and, most significantly, the British
German Association. For him, AngloGerman fellowship was a lifelong
mission.
Frederick Thomas Hamblin was
born in Warmley, near Bristol, in 1914 to
John Hamblin, an engineer, and his
wife, Ethel. At his small primary school
run by elderly women, one of the last of
?I am amazed by my
parents? tolerance to the
horrible smells I made?
the ?dame? schools, he wrote on slates
with slate pencils. At Kingswood
Grammar, after making a strong impression on the explosives front, he was
allowed to matriculate (the equivalent
of O levels) at the age of 13. His continued fascination with chemistry led
him to set up apparatus for experiments
in the loft at home. ?Looking back,? he
reflected in later life, ?I?m amazed at the
tolerance of my parents to the horrible
smells and noises I often made.?
Fearing that he was becoming too
much of a swot, his father sent him to
work on his uncle?s farm in Dorset.
There he collected fossils from around
the local mines and became an accomplished mole catcher, selling the fur at
Yeovil market. He also made it into the
local paper by demonstrating a novel
way of trapping rats using his boots.
Satisfied that he had become more
?rounded?, his father allowed him to
return to his education and, after passing his higher school certificate, he
went to the University of Bristol to read,
inevitably, chemistry.
There he became addicted to mischief and on one occasion pulled off a
prank that was to enter university folklore. He and his co-conspirators stole a
steamroller one night and managed to
drive it under its own steam, with clearance of only a few inches, into the auditorium of the Victoria Rooms, which,
with its eight-columned portico, is considered the symbol of the university.
After an extensive search, the steamroller was eventually found the next
morning by a surprised porter, who
rushed outside and said to the police
superintendent: ?Did you say you were
looking for a steamroller?? The superintendant?s exact reply is not recorded.
As the boiler had cooled down and it
was too much of a fire risk to restoke it
indoors, it had to be pushed out by a
Fred Hamblin in 1993 with his second wife, Christa, and, right, holding his temporary passport after he was ?shipwrecked?
small army of the Somerset Constabulary. The operation was eventually
accomplished, amid much cheering
from the students who had gathered to
watch, Hamblin among them.
He graduated with a first and went on
to study for a doctorate in artificial
radioactivity, which was such a new
field that he got to know Ernest Rutherford, the father of nuclear physics,
personally. He was also able to build the
first neutron source outside Cambridge, Oxford and London. As was
becoming a pattern of his life, however,
this endeavour was not free of complications. It was housed in a lead apparatus located in the quadrangle of Bristol?s
chemistry department. The source
was a glass tube containing beryllium
powder and radium bromide. One day,
when Hamblin lifted the tube out, it
burst with a loud pop, dispersing
radium bromide around him.
He took a shower immediately, but
was not sure if he had inhaled (if he had
he could expect a lingering death). The
nearest working Geiger counter was in
London, at Imperial College, but the
last train that night had left. He spent
what he later described as a ?somewhat
restless night?, before taking the morning train. En route to the station he
asked Audrey Lawrence, known as
Derry, a fellow student and girlfriend,
to marry him if all was well, and to for-
get all about him if not. The professor at
Imperial gave him the all-clear and
took him for a strong drink.
Insouciant of manner and untroubled by self-doubt, Hamblin seemed to
adopt a Woosterish persona as he went
from one scrape to the next, and he
always seemed to emerge with his
optimistic spirit undimmed, perhaps
because there was often a fortunate
outcome from his tribulations. During
his university holidays, for example, he
took his first trip abroad, getting a job
on a coal ship as a deckhand to work his
passage. A collision with a tug when
leaving Bordeaux badly damaged the
ship. The master managed to bring it to
shore and they stepped on to dry land,
resulting in him being ?shipwrecked?
without getting his feet wet, and,
happily, stranded in a vineyard.
Hamblin?s first job after completing
his doctorate was also like something
penned by PG Wodehouse. In 1937 he
applied for a job with the plastics division of ICI. The interview small talk
over, he was asked about his hobbies.
When he said ?keeping fish?, the man
interviewing him, a retired colonel
called Sampson, beamed and said that
he was constructing a pond in the garden. For the rest of the interview, all 45
minutes of it, they discussed how it
should be stocked and what plants
would be required. The door of the
office then opened and the research
director, a man who rejoiced in the
name of Dr Caress, came in. When Dr
Caress asked Sampson how the interview was going, he replied: ?He?s a
splendid fellow, knows all the right
things ? we should take him on!?
And so they did, with Hamblin
joining a small team at Billingham,
Co Durham. His first task was to develop a commercial process for the production of Perspex for the windscreens
of RAF aircraft, vital work that meant
he was in a reserved occupation. He
helped to put up barrage balloons over
the Billingham chemicals site, only for
Insouciant of manner,
he seemed to adopt a
Woosterish persona
them to come down in flames after a
lightning storm. Hamblin described
this as ?somewhat disconcerting?.
In 1941 he moved to Welwyn Garden
City in Hertfordshire, where ICI put
him in charge of a unit preparing plans
for postwar developments. They tried
to develop plastic bottles for whisky. It
didn?t work, but he had to taste a lot of
whisky to find that out.
After the war, and by then a fellow of
the Royal Institute of Chemistry, Ham-
blin became ICI?s export sales manager
for plastics, travelling extensively. On
one trip he was driven from Entebbe to
Nairobi by the ICI sales manager for
Uganda and Kenya. At Jinja on Lake
Victoria they stopped to camp. Hamblin wanted to take some pictures of the
lake, so walked down to the edge, but no
one had told him about the hippo traps
placed to prevent the animals getting
on to the golf course. As he was walking
while looking through the camera
viewfinder the ground gave way and he
fell into a pit with stakes and barbed
wire. He climbed out, lacerated and
dirty, and hobbled back to camp. He
washed his leg in gin and tore a shirt
into strips to bandage it. As it was their
only bottle of gin, this did not endear
him to his colleague.
Hamblin had an individual sense of
style not only favouring bow ties and a
military moustache, but also sometimes wearing his large spectacles
upside down on his nose (he was always
losing his reading glasses and remedied
this by reversing his ordinary spectacles because his left eye was weak).
In 1962 he was appointed managing
director of ICI Germany, a post he
would hold for the next eight years,
during which time, applying some of his
skills as a chemist to mixing cocktails,
he founded a lunch club known as the
62 Club. In 1966 he was awarded a CBE
for services to the export trade
With his first wife, Derry, he
had three children: John, a retired GP;
Nigel, who owned a laundry business;
and Myra, a lecturer in hotel management. Derry died of cancer in 1965. He
later married Christa Schmidt and had
two daughters: Susie, who is a lawyer,
and Linda, who is the deputy manager
of a factory in Germany. Nigel died
from cancer last week.
Hamblin?s mother used to say of him
and his brothers that Robert got the
brains, Cyril got the charm, but Fred
had all the luck. During the war she
used to worry about Cyril and Robert,
but she told friends she never worried
about Fred ?because if he was in an
aircraft and had to jump out he would
land on a feather bed and find a
beautiful blonde in it?.
Fred Hamblin, chemist, was born on
October 14, 1914. He died on February 16,
2018, aged 103
554
1G M
Tuesday April 17 2018 | the times
Register
R Lee Ermey
US Marine who became an actor and played Gunnery Sergeant Hartman to eye-bulging perfection in the film Full Metal Jacket
REX/SHUTTERSTOCK
When R Lee Ermey was a 17-year-old
miscreant with a growing charge list a
judge handed him a choice: ?Son, you
can join the military or go to jail.?
The young man?s decision to join the
US Marines started him on a journey
that would end in Hollywood. His
experience as a drill sergeant bashing
new recruits into shape on the parade
ground led to him being given one of
the most memorable roles in the 1987
Vietnam war film Full Metal Jacket:
Gunnery Sergeant Hartman.
As the profane southern hardman
with a crew cut, bulging eyes and a
perfectly horizontal wide-brimmed
hat, Ermey dominates the early part of
the film from the moment he enters the
recruits? dormitory and declares: ?The
first and last words out of your filthy
sewers will be ?Sir?. Do you maggots
understand that?? ?Sir, yes, Sir.?
Hartman?s line, ?What is your major
malfunction?? has achieved similar
status to the quote, ?I love the smell of
Napalm in the morning?, from
Apocalypse Now.
A strongly patriotic man with a
tattoo of lips on ?my butt? and a devotion to the second amendment (the
right to bear arms), Ermey had originally been cast as a technical consultant on the film. To help to brief actors
for the role of Hartman, Ermey recorded an instructional tape in which he
delivers a foul-mouthed tirade at extras
on set. When the director, Stanley
Kubrick, watched the tape he was
amazed at Ermey?s ability to find ?150
pages of insults? in just a few minutes.
He abandoned the casting.
Indeed, Kubrick was so impressed at
the authenticity of Ermey?s dialogue
that he broke his usual habit of tight
control over the script by allowing
Ermey to write many of his own lines
and improvise his own scenes, rarely
ordering retakes.
Hartman reserves particular eloquence for an overweight private
whom he christens ?Private Pyle?,
saying to his miserable quarry during
PT: ?Are you quitting on me? Well, are
you? Then quit, you slimy f***ing
walrus-looking piece of s***! Get the
f*** off of my obstacle! Get the f***
down off of my obstacle! Now! Move it!
R Lee Ermey as Gunnery Sergeant Hartman grilling his young recruits in Stanley Kubrick?s 1987 war film Full Metal Jacket
Or I?m going to rip your balls off, so you
cannot contaminate the rest of the
world!?
Finally, the tormented Private Pyle
shoots Hartman dead and turns the
gun on himself. The rest of Kubrick?s
masterpiece follows the recruits as they
go into battle during the Tet Offensive
of 1968 with Hartman?s ?encouragement? still ringing in their ears.
Ronald Lee Ermey was born on a
farm outside Kansas City in 1944, the
second of six sons of JE Ermey, and his
wife, Betty. By the age of seven he was
driving a tractor. He was beaten
regularly. There was strictly ?no lollygagging?, he recalled.
Guns formed a big part of his life from
early on. ?I used to hunt my way to the
school bus stop every morning. I used
my grandfather?s old 12-gauge shotgun.
The end of the barrel was paper thin. It
was so blown out, heck, I could shoot
three ducks at a time. I would stash my
gear, my game and shotgun in a culvert,
and then hunt my way back home after
school.?
?I?m not the world?s greatest
shooter, but I can hit a
watermelon at 40 paces?
He was known as ?Ronnie? until a
female character of the same name was
written into a popular comic book. ?I
said it?s a dog-gone girl?s name and I?m
not hearing it and you call me Lee.?
When he was 11 the family moved to
Zillah in Washington state. With no
farming pursuits to divert him, Ermey
became a juvenile delinquent. The US
navy would not have him because of his
criminal record and he was at a loss
until he walked past a recruiting advert
for the Marines. Ermey decided that
with a uniform like that, he would not
be required to do much work. ?The
recruiting sergeant said, ?You?re a farm
boy, aren?t you? Jump up on that door
sill and let me see how many pull-ups
you can do.? So I cranked out about ten
pull-ups and he said, ?Yep, there?s a
bright future for you in the Marine
Corps.? ?
Within four years Ermey was looking
down on similarly callow teenagers as a
drill sergeant at the Marine Corps
Recruit Depot in San Diego, California.
In 1968 he was posted to Vietnam,
where he incurred shrapnel wounds in
his back and arm and spent four
months in a hospital. Ermey was medically discharged from the Marines in
1972 and settled on the Japanese island
of Okinawa, where his company had
previously been stationed.
He was married, had two daughters,
ran a bar and then moved to the
Philippines, where he married again.
His second wife was Marianila, whom
he called ?Mrs Gunny?. She survives
him along with their three daughters
and one son: Anna Liza Cruz; Betty,
who works for a community arts
project in Lancaster, California;
Evonne, a digital journalist for CBS
radio in San Diego; and Clint, a photographer who was named after Ermey?s
favourite actor. He is also survived by
two daughters from his first marriage:
Kim Bolt and Rhonda Chilton.
While in Manila he was hired by
Francis Ford Coppola to act as a technical adviser on Apocalypse Now. Ermey
also had a small role as a helicopter
pilot. He appeared as a drill sergeant in
the 1978 film The Boys in Company C
and thereafter would often be cast as
authority figures, such as Mayor Tilman in Mississippi Burning and a hardboiled athletics coach in Prefontaine.
He parodied himself in later years as
the voice of Sarge, the leader of plastic
soldiers in the Toy Story films.
Ermey appeared in about 60 films,
reprised Hartman in adverts and
starred in his own reality TV show. He
started to refer to himself as ?Gunny?
after he was conferred with the
honorary rank of gunnery sergeant by
the US Marines in 2002.
He claimed that he was ?totally
blackballed by Hollywood? after he
publicly criticised Barack Obama?s economic policies. He also felt that his seat
on the board of the National Rifle Association and friendship with Donald
Trump Jr counted against him.
By that stage he was more than
happy spending time on shooting ranges with his friends, all ?good patriots?.
?I?m not the world?s greatest shooter,
but I can hit a dog-gone watermelon at
40 paces ? sure, no problem.?
R Lee Ermey, actor, was born on March
24, 1944. He died of complications from
pneumonia on April 15, 2018, aged 74
Ivan Mauger
Speedway champion whose steely, aloof persona made him the rider fans loved to hate, but who won the world title six times
When Ivan Mauger came to the UK
from New Zealand in the 1950s to make
his name in speedway, there were five
tracks in the country. By 1972, when he
was the king of his sport, there were 37
and weekly attendances of 300,000.
No rider transcended speedway like
Mauger. Untroubled by self-doubt, he
had a reputation for bolshiness. ?I don?t
care how unpopular I am as long as I am
world champion,? he said. ?Promoters
don?t like me from Monday to Friday,
but they like me to fill the track for them
on a Saturday.?
He cultivated a steely, aloof persona,
but away from the track he could be
generous and personable. ?If he lost a
race it was never his fault,? Richard
Bott, a journalist and friend, said.
?I never feel fear,? claimed Mauger,
who loved to play mind games. One rider, John Davis, recalled beating him at a
daytime meeting in the Sixties. At the
evening meeting Davis was watching
the opening races when Mauger came
up behind him and murmured into his
ear: ?Mind you don?t get hurt tonight.?
Obsessed with winning, he compiled
a notebook recording gear ratios at
tracks, the best positions in the pits,
even the best position in the dressing
rooms. Although he was a hero to his
teams? fans, rival supporters hated him
and he received threats to his life. At
one meeting he was booed all evening
and, after winning a late race, he rode
back to the point where he thought
stones had been thrown at him. He
leapt over the fence, Eric Cantonastyle, and waded in, fists and feet flying.
Mauger won a record six World
Championships. A showman in colourful leathers, he was also a master
tactician. For the 1972 final at Wembley
he wore simple black leathers. There
were six unfancied Russian riders who
always wore black and Mauger felt that
the other riders ? psychologically ?
would not consider him a threat. He
won his fourth title.
He cultivated an ascetic lifestyle and
a tough training regime. At 5ft 5in,
away from the track he liked to
wear shoes that were built-up.
He became one of Britain?s
highest-paid sportsmen
and owned a house down
the road from George Best
in Cheshire. In 1973 he was
interviewed by Barry Norman, who
Ivan Mauger was a showman
asked about his wages. ?OK, a speedway rider earns a lot of money,? he said.
?More than footballers.? Footballers
were reputed to earn upwards of
�,000 a year (about �7,000 today),
protested Norman. Mauger corrected
himself: ?Much more than footballers.?
He was born in the Christchurch suburb of Woolston to Edwin
Mauger and his wife, Rita
(n閑 Forscutt). One fan
recalled Rita at a meeting
loudly berating spectators who were booing her
son. Mauger attended
Opawa School, but left
early. He saved up to
buy his first bike
at the age of 14. He lied about his
age to get his first rides and worked
delivering prescriptions while he saved
up to go abroad.
He met his future wife, Raye, who
was born in Carlisle, on a school bus
and they married when they were 16. A
year later they came to Britain and took
a flat near Plough Lane, home of the
Wimbledon speedway team. Mauger
rode in ?faces of the future? races and
helped the groundsman.
His career was slow to take off. When
he returned to New Zealand for a
short time, he took a job delivering
beer. Mauger wrote to British
promoters for two years as his
star rose and signed for Newcastle Diamonds in 1963.
His first world championship victory came five
years later. In 1969 he
joined Belle Vue Aces, who
were in the doldrums. After
winning his third final in a
row the next year, two
American fans had his winning bike gold-plated. He
also led Belle Vue to three
successive national titles.
The authorities thought he
gave the Manchester team too much of
an advantage and he was ordered to
move. He joined Exeter Falcons, whose
owners laid on private planes and
Rolls-Royces to transport him from his
home. He won his fifth world title in
1977 before joining Hull Vikings and
took his sixth in 1979. Mauger retired to
the Gold Coast, Australia, in 1986 to
look after his business interests.
He and Raye had three children:
Julie, who helped to organise Mauger?s
business affairs and is now director of a
chauffeur service company; Debbie,
who also worked in the Mauger operation; and Kym, who rode for several
British teams but never came close to
emulating his father?s success. Mauger
said his son was too nice to be a speedway rider. On Desert Island Discs, his
luxury item was a box of family photos.
They all survive him.
He continued to support speedway
and was a passionate fan of the All
Blacks rugby team. He would fly their
flag in his garden during each match.
Ivan Mauger, OBE, speedway rider,
was born on October 4, 1939.
He died from the effects of dementia
on April 16, 2018, aged 78
the times | Tuesday April 17 2018
55
1G M
Register
Recorder Appointments
The Queen has appointed the
following recorders on the advice
of the Rt Hon David Gauke MP,
the lord chancellor, and the Rt Hon
the Lord Burnett of Maldon, the
lord chief justice of England and
Wales. The appointments will take
effect from April 4, 2018. It is
anticipated that more appointments
will be announced in the coming
months. The lord chief justice has
deployed the recorders as follows:
6 Midland Circuit, crime:
Mr Nicholas Michael Bacon, QC;
Mr Marc William Brown; Ms Ruth
Christine Maud Coffey; Mr Charles
Morton James Falk; Miss Jennifer
Rachael Jones; District Judge
Emma Louise Kelly; Mr Jonathan
Robert Owen; Mr William Owain
Thomas; QC; Mr Mark Andrew
Watson.
6 North Eastern Circuit, crime:
Mr Nathan John Adams; Mr
William Andrew Allen; Ms Jennifer
Anne Carter-Manning; Mr Gavin
Andrew Doig; Mr Simon Ian
Goldberg; Mr Samuel Green, QC;
Mr Peter Joseph George Hampton;
Mr Neil Anthony Haythorne;
Miss Jane Allison Hunter, QC; Mr
Jeremy Rupert Daniel Hyam, QC;
Ms Maria Karaiskos; Mr Karim
Asad Ahmad Khan, QC; Mr Adrian
Mark Langdale; Ms Amy Elisabeth
Mannion; Ms Kama Louise Melly,
QC; Mr Keir Bartley Monteith; Mr
Thomas Moran; Mr Ian Mullarkey;
Mr Mohammed Shakil Najib;
Dr Geoffrey Michael Pritchard;
Miss Catherine Anne Silverton; Mr
Richard Michael Thyne; Mr Robert
Thomas Macdonald Weir, QC.
6 North Eastern Circuit, family:
Mr Christopher William Hames,
QC; Mr Daniel Joseph Kolinsky,
QC; Mr Lawrence David Messling;
Mrs Eleanor Louise Temple; Miss
Kate Louise Tompkins.
6 Northern Circuit, crime: Mr
Richard Michael Archer; Miss Kate
Bex, QC; Miss Sophie Pamela
Cartwright; Mr Matthew CorbettJones; Ms Katherine Margaret
Cornell; Mr Carwyn George Cox;
Mr Benjamin Timothy DouglasJones, QC; Mr Jonathan David
Gavaghan; Mr Thomas Christie
Gilbart; Mr Patrick John Goodall,
QC; Mr Timothy Mark Harrington;
Mr Mark Wingate Jones; Mr
Robert Justin Lazarus; Mr
Alexander James Leach; Mr
Richard Thomas Leiper, QC; Mr
David St John O?Mahony; Mr
Geoffrey Donald Stephen Payne;
Mr Stanley Reiz; Miss Alexandra
Margot Rachel Simmonds; Mr
David Jeremy Temkin; Ms Heather
Jean Williams, QC; Miss Joanne
Claire Woodward.
6 Northern Circuit, family: Mr
Timothy Michael Bowe; Mrs
Jacqueline Louise Thomas; Mr
Christopher Jonathan Watson.
6 South Eastern Circuit, crime:
Mr Charles Richard Milo Bagot,
QC; Mr Ali Naseem Bajwa, QC;
Mr Paul Edward Bowen, QC;
Ms Samantha Louise Broadfoot,
QC; Mr Edmund John Burge;
Ms Caroline Carberry, QC;
Births, Marriages and Deaths
Miss Joanne Marie Clement;
Mr Benjamin Roger Collins, QC;
Mr David Mark Craig, QC; Miss
Jennifer Margaret Pert Dempster,
QC; Mr Simon Neil Denison, QC;
Mrs Sarah Kate Fraser Butlin;
Mr Caspar Hilary Gordon Glyn,
QC; Mr Mathew James Gullick;
Mr William Joseph Hansen;
Mr Michael Andrew Hick; Mr Ross
William Johnson; Mr Paul Robert
Keleher, QC; Mr Philip Alan
Kolvin, QC; Mr Richard James
Moules; Mr Robert Henry Palmer;
Mr Stuart Martin Ritchie, QC;
Mr Andrew John Sharland, QC;
Mr Richard James Smith; Tribunal
Judge Stephen, Harvey Smith; Mr
Richard John Thomas; Ms Rebecca
Trowler, QC; Ms Sarah Alice
Whitehouse, QC.
6 South Eastern Circuit, family:
Mr Nicholas Anderson; Mr James
Christopher Archer; Ms Elizabeth
Ann Marie Baker; Mr Richard
David Nicholas Castle; Mr Simon
David Colton, QC; Miss Sarah Lucy
Cooper; Miss Catherine Judith
Cowton; Mr Martin Goddard
Kingerley; District Judge Stephen
James Murch; Miss Ashley Thain;
Mr Jeremy Paul Weston, QC.
6 Wales Circuit, crime: Mr David
Elias QC; Employment Judge
David Andrew Wallace Harris;
Mr Carl Matthew Harrison.
6 Wales Circuit, family: District
Tribunal Judge Peter Maddox;
Mr Oliver James Richard
Millington; Employment Judge
Mark David Whitcombe.
Court Circular
Windsor Castle
14th April, 2018
Ms. Maria Pedro (Deputy
Lieutenant of Greater London) was
present at Heathrow Airport,
London, this morning upon the
Arrival of The President of the
Republic of Nauru and welcomed
His Excellency on behalf of The
Queen.
Mr. Bruce Houlder (Deputy
Lieutenant of Greater London) was
present at Heathrow Airport,
London, this afternoon upon the
Arrival of The President of the
Republic of Seychelles and
welcomed His Excellency on
behalf of Her Majesty.
Windsor Castle
15th April, 2018
Mr. Vincent Thompson (Deputy
Lieutenant of Essex) was present at
Stansted Airport, London, this
morning upon the Arrival of The
President of the Republic of Ghana
and welcomed His Excellency on
behalf of The Queen.
Mr. Bruce Houlder (Deputy
Lieutenant of Greater London) was
present at Heathrow Airport,
London, this evening upon the
Arrival of The President of the
Democratic Socialist Republic of
Sri Lanka and welcomed His
Excellency on behalf of Her
Majesty.
Windsor Castle
16th April, 2018
Mr. Bruce Houlder (Deputy
Lieutenant of Greater London) was
present at Heathrow Airport,
London, this morning upon the
Arrival of The President of the
Republic of Malawi and welcomed
His Excellency on behalf of The
Queen.
Later, Mr. Bruce Houlder was
present at Heathrow Airport upon
the arrival of The President of the
United Republic of Tanzania and
welcomed His Excellency on behalf
of Her Majesty.
Ms. Ruth Bell (Deputy
Lieutenant of Bedfordshire) was
present at Luton Airport, London,
this afternoon upon the Arrival of
The President of the Republic of
Rwanda and welcomed His
Excellency on behalf of The Queen.
Major Jeremy Fern (Deputy
Lieutenant of Greater London) was
present at Royal Air Force Northolt
this afternoon upon the Arrival of
The President of the Republic of
Kenya and welcomed His
Excellency on behalf of Her
Majesty.
Wing Commander Michael
Dudgeon (Vice Lord-Lieutenant of
Greater London) was present at
Heathrow Airport, London, this
afternoon upon the Arrival of The
President of the Republic of Kiribati
and welcomed His Excellency on
behalf of The Queen.
Mrs. Jennifer Tolhurst (Her
Majesty?s Lord-Lieutenant of Essex)
was present at Stansted Airport,
London, this evening upon the
arrival of The President of the
Republic of Sierra Leone and
welcomed His Excellency on behalf
of Her Majesty.
Kensington Palace
16th April, 2018
The Duke of Cambridge this
evening attended the Welcome to
the United Kingdom Reception at
The Queen Elizabeth II Conference
Centre, Broad Sanctuary, London
SW1, for delegates from the
Commonwealth Business, People?s,
Women?s and Youth Forums.
Kensington Palace
16th April, 2018
Prince Henry of Wales this
morning attended a
Commonwealth Youth Cabinet
Meeting at The Queen Elizabeth II
Conference Centre, Broad
Sanctuary, London SW1.
His Royal Highness afterwards
attended the Commonwealth Youth
Forum Opening Session at The
Queen Elizabeth II Conference
Centre.
Prince Henry of Wales this
afternoon received the Hon. Josaia
Voreqe Bainimarama (Prime
Minister of the Republic of Fiji) at
Buckingham Palace.
Buckingham Palace
16th April, 2018
The Duke of York, Founder,
Pitch@Palace, this morning held a
Roundtable Discussion for
executives of Facebook.
His Royal Highness, Fellow, the
Royal Society, this afternoon
attended the Commonwealth
Science Advisors Meeting, 6-9
Carlton House Terrace, London
SW1.
The Duke of York, Founder,
Pitch@ Palace, later held
Pitch@Palace Commonwealth for
entrepreneurs and potential
supporters at St. James?s Palace.
Buckingham Palace
16th April, 2018
The Earl of Wessex, Chairman of
the Board of Trustees, The Duke of
Edinburgh?s International Award
Foundation, today carried out the
following engagements in Australia.
His Royal Highness this morning
visited Brisbane Grammar School,
24 Gregory Terrace, Spring Hill,
Queensland, in celebration of the
School?s One Hundred and Fiftieth
Anniversary.
The Earl of Wessex afterwards
attended a Reception at
Queensland Government Offices,
1 William Street, Brisbane, for
young people who have achieved
the Gold Standard in The Duke of
Edinburgh?s Award and was
received by the Hon. Paul de Jersey
(Governor of Queensland).
His Royal Highness this
afternoon attended a Reception at
Queensland Government Offices.
The Earl of Wessex this evening
called upon the Hon. Hieu Van Le
(Governor of South Australia) at
Government House, North Terrace,
Adelaide.
His Royal Highness later
attended a Dinner at the Magill
Estate.
The Countess of Wessex, Patron,
the Scar Free Foundation, this
afternoon held a Meeting at
Buckingham Palace.
Her Royal Highness, Vice Patron,
The Queen Elizabeth Diamond
Jubilee Trust, this evening attended
a Reception at Tower Bridge,
London SE1.
Buckingham Palace
16th April, 2018
The Princess Royal, Appeal Patron,
this morning opened the Woolf
Institute, Madingley Road,
Cambridge, and was received by
Mr. Richard Barnwell (Vice LordLieutenant of Cambridgeshire).
Her Royal Highness this
afternoon visited the Farmland
Museum, Denny Abbey, Ely Road,
Waterbeach, upon the occasion of
their Twenty First Anniversary and
was received by the Lady De
Ramsey (Deputy Lieutenant of
Cambridgeshire).
THE LORD is good to all: and his tender
mercies are over all his works. All thy
works shall praise thee, O Lord; and thy
saints shall bless thee. They shall speak
of the glory of thy kingdom, and talk of
thy power. Psalm 145.9-11 (AV)
Bible verses provided by Bible Society
Births
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daughter,燞arriet燫ose.
Forthcoming
Marriages
MR B.R.E. DAWSON
AND燤ISS F.E. NICHOLAS
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AND燤ISS A.E. HEXTALL
The爀ngagement爄s燼nnounced燽etween
Felix,爀ldest爏on爋f燤r燦igel燣egge爋f
North燤arden,燱est燬ussex,燼nd燤rs
Claudia燣egge爋f燘inley,燞ampshire,
and燗nna,燿aughter爋f燤r燼nd燤rs燭im
Hextall爋f燘averstock,燱iltshire.
MR J.C. MILLINGTON�
AND燤ISS S.M. GRAVES
The爀ngagement爄s燼nnounced燽etween
Jack,爀lder爏on爋f燤r燼nd燤rs燙harles
Millington爋f燗rnesby,燣eicestershire,
and燬tephanie,爀lder燿aughter爋f燤r
and燤rs燙hristopher燝raves爋f
Hammersmith,燣ondon.
MR N. TAYLOR
AND燤ISS L. VECHAMAMONTIEN
The爀ngagement爄s燼nnounced燽etween
Nicholas,爀lder爏on爋f燤r燼nd燤rs
Simon燭aylor爋f燣ongstock,燞ampshire,
and燣isa,燿aughter爋f燤r燼nd燤rs
Chaiyapong燰echamamontien爋f
Bangkok,燭hailand燼nd燩arson's燝reen,
London.
MR A.D.N. WATERS
AND燤ISS L.F.P. JONES
The爀ngagement爄s燼nnounced燽etween
Alexander,爏on爋f燤r燼nd燤rs燫obin
Waters爋f燦orfolk,燼nd燣ouisa,
daughter爋f爐he爈ate燤r燩hilip燡ones,
and爋f燤rs燩hilip燡ones爋f燦orfolk.
Deaths
BAYLEY燩eter燿ied爏uddenly爋n�th
April�18,燼ged�.燜ellow爋f燝onville
&燙aius燙ollege,燙ambridge,爁ormerly
Drapers燩rofessor爋f燜rench,
Commandeur燿ans爈'Ordre燿es燩almes
Acad閙iques.
BROGDEN燰ivian燿ied爋n�th燗pril
2018,燼ged�.燣ived爈ife爐o爐he爁ull燼nd
enjoyed爀very爉inute爋f爄t.燞e爓as
greatly爈oved燽y爁amily燼nd爉any
friends. Private爁amily燾remation爓ill
take爌lace爌rior爐o燼燾elebration爋f爃is
life,爐o燽e燼nnounced燼t燼爈ater燿ate.
www.newsukadvertising.co.uk
DOUGLAS燞enry燫ussell died
peacefully爋n�rd燤arch�18,燼ged
93.燡ournalist,爈oving爃usband爋f爐he
late燛lizabeth,燿ear爁ather爋f燡ane,爐he
late燙atherine,燚ominica,燡ames燫ippon
and爐he爈ate燗lexander,燽eloved燝rump
of燞elen燼nd燫ory.燜uneral爉ass爋n
Wednesday�d燤ay,燼t�30pm,燼t燬t
Edward爐he燙onfessor,燬utton燩ark,
Guildford,燝U4�N.燜amily爁lowers
only,燽ut燿onations,爄f燿esired,爐o
Shooting燬tar燙hase,燾/o燫obert燗yling
Funeral燚irectors,�7燗ldershot燫oad,
Guildford,燝U2�E.
STEVEN Percy,燗ctor,燭heatre
Spencer)燿ied爌eacefully燼t爃ome爄n
Blandford燜orum,爋n�h燗pril�18.
Much-loved爓ife爋f燤ichael燼nd
devoted爉other,爂randmother燼nd
great-grandmother.燗爏ervice爋f
thanksgiving爓ill燽e爃eld燼t燬t燩eter
and燬t燩aul's燙hurch,燘landford
Forum,爋n燱ednesday�d燤ay�18,
at�m.
Director,燭eacher,燿ied爌eacefully,燼ged
79爕ears,爋n�th燗pril�18,燼t爐he
Hospice爋f爐he燞ospital爋f燬t燡ohn燼nd
St燛lizabeth,燣ondon,燦W8.燜or爋ver�
years燾ompanion爐o爐he爈ate燫oger
Lockyer�(Civil燩artnership�st
December�05,爉arried�th燡une
2014).燜riend,爐eacher,爎ole爉odel.燞is
astuteness燼nd爒itality爓ill燽e
remembered燽y爉any.燗t爃is爎equest,
Percy爓ill燽e燾remated爌rivately.燗
celebratory爂athering爓ill燽e爃eld
within爐he爊ext爁ew爉onths.
VERDEN燗NDERSON Gavin爋n�th
April�18,爐ragically爄n燼燿iving
accident.燘eloved爃usband爋f燡enny.
Precious爏on爋f燚avid燼nd燰alery燼nd
son-in-law爋f燚avid燼nd燡ulie燩oole.
Devoted爁ather爐o燡osh燼nd爏tepfather
to燗rthur燼nd燭om.燣oving燽rother爐o
Sally燼nd燡amie.燭alented爑nder爓ater
photographer,爐aken爄n爐he爌rime爋f爈ife
aged�.燞e爓ill燽e爃ugely爉issed.
Funeral燼rrangements爈ater.
LAWRIE Alexander燝rant燬eymour
School Notices
GRAZEBROOK燚iana�'Patience'�(n閑
died爌eacefully爋n�h燗pril�18,燼ged
71,爄n燬outh燗frica,燼fter燼爈ong爄llness
borne爓ith爌atience燼nd燾ourage.
Much-loved爃usband爋f燢irsty,爈oving
father燼nd爂randfather燼nd燿ear
brother,爑ncle,燾ousin燼nd爁riend.
Private燾remation爐o燽e爁ollowed燽y燼
memorial爋ccasion,爄n燣ondon,爈ater爄n
the爕ear.
LLOYD燗lan爌assed燼way爋n�th燗pril
2018,燼ged�.燩rolific燡ournalist燼nd
Author,爓ill燽e爏adly爉issed燽y爃is
wife燚aphne燼nd燼ll爃is爁amily.
MORRISON燤aureen�(n閑燫yan)燿ied
peacefully爋n�th燗pril�18,燼ged�,
at燬petisbury燤anor,燚orset,燼fter燼
short爄llness.燗爊urse燼t燬t燝eorge's
Hospital燿uring爐he爓ar,爏he爓as爐he
beloved爓ife爋f燚onald燼nd燼爈oving
mother燼nd爂randmother.燭he燫equiem
Mass爓ill燽e燼t爐he燙hurch爋f燨ur燣ady
of燣ourdes燼nd燬t燙ecilia,燘landford
Forum,燚orset,爋n燭hursday�d燤ay,
at�.30pm.
CHARTERHOUSE
Cricket燪uarter燽egins爐oday.燡onathan
Stocks燼nd燗bigail燫utherford爎emain
Head燘oy燼nd燞ead燝irl.燝eorge燘arlow
is燙aptain爋f燙ricket.燙harles燘ruce爄s
Captain爋f燘oys?燭ennis燼nd燤ichelle
Wong爄s燙aptain爋f燝irls?燭ennis.燭he
Foundation燬cholarship爀xaminations
start爋n燤onday�rd燗pril.燙arthusian
Day爄s爋n燬aturday�th燤ay爁ollowed
by燛xeat爑ntil燬unday�d燡une.燭he
Arts燜estival爎uns爁rom燭uesday�th
June爑ntil燜riday�nd燡une.燪uarter
ends爋n燬aturday�th燡une.
Public Notices
�
I,燩RITI燚/O燤r燭arsem燬INGH,
21燬tation燬quare,燩udsey,燣S28�N,
have燾hanged爉y爊ame爐o燩riti燬ingh.
Legal Notices
NEWMAN燬arah燬usan爋n�th燤arch
2018,燼ged�爕ears,燼t燝loucestershire
Royal燞ospital.燬he爓ill燽e爏adly
missed燽y燼ll爃er爁amily燼nd爁riends.
Funeral爏ervice爓ill燽e爃eld燼t
Cheltenham燙rematorium,爋n燭uesday
24th燗pril,燼t�30pm.燜amily爁lowers
only. Donations,爄f燿esired,爁or燤S
Society爉ay燽e爏ent燾/o燩hilip燜ord�&
Son,燚irleton燞ouse,燙ainscross燫oad,
Stroud,燝los,燝L5�S.
RELLIE燗lastair燡ames燙arl燛uan燿ied
peacefully爋n�th燗pril�18,燼ged�,
after�爕ears燼s爏oulmate燼nd
debating爌artner爋f燗nnalisa,爌atient
father爐o燛uan,燡emima燼nd燣ucasta,
unpretentious燝randpa爐o燞eathcliff,
Titus,燜oxy,燗gatha,燘ede,燙osima,
George,燙ressida燼nd燨ctavia.燙hurch
warden,爏chool爂overnor,燗rsenal爁an
and爏py.燜uneral燼t燙hrist燙hurch,
SW3.
RICHARDSON燚ennis燝eorge爋n爐he
5th燗pril�18,燼ged�爕ears,爋f
Pointon,燣incs.燜uneral爏ervice燼t燬outh
Lincolnshire燙rematorium,爋n
Wednesday�th燗pril,燼t�m.燦o
flowers燽y爎equest,燿onations,爄f
desired,爐o燭he燣incs�&燦otts燗ir
Ambulance燗ppeal,燾/o燡燛燬evers
Funeral燬ervice,�燤ain燫oad,燣ittle
Hale,燬leaford,燣incs,燦G34�A.燭el:
01529�0339.
STEEL燚oreen燿ied爌eacefully爋n�th
April�18,燼ged�,爄n燤obberley,
Cheshire.燚evoted爓ife爋f爐he爈ate
Malcolm燼nd爉uch-loved爉other爋f
David燼nd燙hristopher.燜uneral爏ervice
and燾ommittal燼t燰ale燫oyal
Crematorium爋n燤onday�rd燗pril,燼t
12.15pm.燜amily爁lowers爋nly爌lease,
donations,爄f爓ished,爁or燗lzheimer?s
Society.燚onations燼nd爀nquiries爐o
Dodgson?s燜uneral燬ervice,�
Manchester燫oad,燢nutsford,燱A16
0LY.燭el:�565�4251.
CADE燙hristopher燗lan燿ied爌eacefully
on�d燗pril�18,燼ged�,燼t燫oyal
Marsden燞ospital.燤uch-loved爃usband
of燬hirley燼nd爁ather爋f燡ennifer燼nd
Matthew.燭hanksgiving爏ervice,�m,
Friday�th燗pril,燬t燡ohn?s燙hurch,
Egham.燦o爁lowers爌lease.燚onation
enquiries爐o燣odge燘rothers,爐el:�784
433692.
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the times | Tuesday April 17 2018
57
1G M
Weather
Today Warm and sunny in the southeast. Rain or showers in northern and western areas. Max 19C (66F), min 4C (39F)
Around Britain
Five days ahead
Key: b=bright, c=cloud, d=drizzle, pc=partly cloudy
du=dull, f=fair, fg=fog, h=hail, m=mist, r=rain,
sh=showers, sl=sleet, sn=snow, s=sun, t=thunder
*=previous day **=data not available
Dry for much of the
week, and feeling very
warm in any sunshine
Temp C
Rain mm Sun hr*
midday yesterday
24 hrs to 5pm yesterday
Aberdeen
Aberporth
Anglesey
Aviemore
Barnstaple
Bedford
Belfast
Birmingham
Bournemouth
Bridlington
Bristol
Camborne
Cardiff
Edinburgh
Eskdalemuir
Glasgow
Guernsey
Hereford
Herstmonceux
Ipswich
Isle of Man
Isle of Wight
Keswick
Kinloss
Leeds
Lerwick
Leuchars
Lincoln
Liverpool
London
Lyneham
Manchester
Margate
Milford Haven
Newcastle
Nottingham
Orkney
Oxford
Plymouth
Portland
Scilly, St Mary?s
Shoreham
Shrewsbury
Skye
Snowdonia
Southend
Stornoway
Tiree
Whitehaven
Wick
Yeovilton
11
11
12
12
12
13
12
12
12
14
12
12
11
12
8
11
12
12
13
14
10
11
10
16
9
7
12
13
11
13
12
12
13
11
12
12
8
12
13
12
12
12
12
**
10
14
11
10
9
7
13
C
PC
PC
PC
C
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
C
PC
C
SH
R
C
PC
C
PC
PC
PC
C
PC
C
R
M
C
PC
C
C
C
C
PC
C
PC
C
M
PC
C
PC
PC
C
PC
**
PC
S
DU
C
PC
FG
PC
1.6
0.6
0.4
0.0
3.0
0.6
0.0
0.8
0.0
2.4
1.0
0.6
2.2
0.0
13.6
4.8
**
1.4
1.4
0.8
1.6
0.0
3.0
0.0
2.6
0.4
0.8
2.6
0.2
0.6
1.4
1.4
0.0
0.0
1.4
2.2
0.0
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.8
0.8
0.4
**
10.0
0.2
0.4
2.6
10.8
0.0
0.0
11.9
1.1
1.0
11.0
**
**
1.8
**
0.3
**
0.6
1.3
0.1
5.8
0.4
0.3
**
**
0.7
0.0
0.7
**
**
8.7
**
0.0
11.4
0.8
**
0.7
0.0
0.4
2.2
**
**
0.8
7.0
**
**
**
**
0.4
0.1
**
**
1.8
9.6
4.2
0.3
**
0.4
in s e d
34
Cloud and outbreaks of rain over
Scotland and Northern Ireland will
clear to the nor
reasing
amounts of
e loping in
most place
Max 23C, n C
17
9
13
17
At 17:00 on Monday there were
21 ?ood alerts but no warnings
in England, 5 ?ood alerts and 3
warnings in Wales, and 1 ?ood
alert but no warnings in Scotland.
For further information and
updates, visit ?ood-warninginformation.service.gov.uk, and for
Scotland www.SEPA.org.uk
13
33
Aberdeen
NORTH
SEA
31
21
Edinburgh
Glasgow
28
10
19
Londonderry
ATLANTIC
OCEAN
Dry for most areas, with long spells of
sunshine across much of England and
Wales, and fee
rm. Cloudie
in parts of S
a d n
land, with
asts.
some fog a u I s
Max 25C, in C
Belfast
16
LLlandudno
14
14
24
Cork
Channel Islands
Mainly dry with some sunny spells,
but a little more cloud compared with
the past few d s.
r night will
follow in no
re
ith a patch
grass frost
.
Max 24C, n C
59
10
50
5
41
0
32
-5
23
-10
14
-15
5
12
Birmingham
Swansea
18
7
17
Bristol
London
14
3
13
Southampton
Exeterr
Plymouth
Brighton
CHANNEL
ids: Mainly dry with some
E Eng, E Mids:
sunny spells, especially during the
morning, but thickening cloud might
bring the odd spot of light rain later
in the afternoon. Moderate to fresh
southerly winds. Maximum 17C (63F),
minimum 9C (48F).
Wales, W Mids, SW Eng, NW Eng,
Cen N Eng, NE Eng, Lake District:
Rather cloudy with outbreaks of rain,
especially on west-facing hills with
very little reaching sheltered eastern
areas. Moderate to fresh southerly
Tides
Cambridge
Oxford
Cardiff
CELTIC
SEA
General situation: Clou an rain in
Wales, northern and western England.
Warm sunshine in the southeast,
sunny spells and a few scattered
showers in Ireland and Scotland.
E Anglia, London, SE Eng, Cen S Eng,
Channel Is: A ?ne, dry day with long
spells of hazy sunshine in the morning,
turning progressively cloudier from the
west during the afternoon. Southerly
winds will freshen, becoming moderate
to fresh by the afternoon. Maximum
19C (66F), minimum 6C (43F).
19
i h
Norwich
11
2
14
68
15
Nottingham
17
Largely dry with sunny spells, though
turning cloudy during the middle part
of the day. Isol e
rs possible
in the south
haps some
o
nd.
rain in the r
Max 22C, n
77
20
Sheffield
13
Shrewsbury
28
Saturday
25
Hull
16
ooo
Liverpool
IRISH
SEA
Dublin
22
86
Yorkk
Manchester
13
30
14
11
30
Galway
Friday
F
95
Carlisle
14
15
22
C
35
Newcastle
Thursday
9
winds, occasionally strong near the
coast. Maximum 14C (57F),
minimum 7C (43F).
Scotland, N Ireland, Republic of
Ireland, IoM: Cloud and outbreaks of
rain will gradually clear to the east
during the morning, leaving sunny
spells and a few scattered showers
for the afternoon - heaviest and
most frequent in the west with gusty
winds. Moderate to strong south or
southwesterly winds. Maximum
17C (63F), minimum 4C (39F).
Noon today
Tidal predictions.
Heights in metres
15
19
20
Sunday
An increasing risk of some rain or
showers in northern and western
areas, locally h v u aying
mostly dry
ny spells in
the southe t
Max 24C, n
14
16
23
21
The Times weather
page is provided
by Weatherquest
Northern Cyprus
� 7 9 P P LO W D E P O S I T
Rough
11
23
S
B
B
S
B
DU
S
C
F
S
SN
F
B
R
S
S
S
DU
F
F
B
C
F
M
S
F
S
S
F
S
S
R
F
R
R
F
F
**
F
S
S
S
F
S
S
R
S
Moderate
16
All readings local midday yesterday
20
Madeira
13
Madrid
17
Majorca
18
M醠aga
18
Malta
22
Melbourne
Mexico City 22
30
Miami
21
Milan
30
Mombasa
-1
Montreal
19
Moscow
32
Mumbai
14
Munich
25
Nairobi
22
Naples
New Orleans 14
6
New York
18
Nice
26
Nicosia
9
Oslo
15
Paris
27
Perth
12
Prague
12
Reykjavik
16
Riga
Rio de Janeiro 25
30
Riyadh
18
Rome
San Francisco 17
22
Santiago
19
S鉶 Paulo
15
Seoul
27
Seychelles
27
Singapore
St Petersburg 14
10
Stockholm
28
Sydney
22
Tel Aviv
22
Tenerife
18
Tokyo
10
Vancouver
22
Venice
19
Vienna
23
Warsaw
Washington 11
16
Zurich
Shetland
Sh
15
Flood alerts and warnings
16
20 S
14 S
19 F
22 B
32 F
34 S
29 S
16 S
21 F
23 M
15 R
14 R
22 S
15 C
14 B
17 F
24 F
23 S
32 F
38 B
18 B
30 F
2
M
10 FG
21 B
38 B
33 F
12 S
15 B
23 F
19 S
17 S
17 S
23 F
9
M
18 R
28 S
20 F
26 F
19 S
31 S
20 S
21 S
24 F
15 S
21 S
34 F
3
Slight
Temperature
Tomorrow
ney
Orkney
Calm
28 (degrees C)
The world
Alicante
Amsterdam
Athens
Auckland
Bahrain
Bangkok
Barbados
Barcelona
Beijing
Beirut
Belgrade
Berlin
Bermuda
Bordeaux
Brussels
Bucharest
Budapest
Buenos Aires
Cairo
Calcutta
Canberra
Cape Town
Chicago
Copenhagen
Corfu
Delhi
Dubai
Dublin
Faro
Florence
Frankfurt
Geneva
Gibraltar
Harare
Helsinki
Hong Kong
Honolulu
Istanbul
Jerusalem
Johannesburg
Kuala Lumpur
Lanzarote
Las Palmas
Lima
Lisbon
Los Angeles
Luxor
e st te
(mph)
Weather Eye
Paul Simons
Today
Aberdeen
Avonmouth
Belfast
Cardiff
Devonport
Dover
Dublin
Falmouth
Greenock
Harwich
Holyhead
Hull
Leith
Liverpool
London Bridge
Lowestoft
Milford Haven
Morecambe
Newhaven
Newquay
Oban
Penzance
Portsmouth
Shoreham
Southampton
Swansea
Tees
Weymouth
Ht
02:59 4.2
09:03 13.4
00:25 3.4
08:51 12.4
07:38 5.4
00:22 6.8
00:53 4.0
06:57 5.2
02:00 3.3
01:15 3.9
12:03 5.8
08:02 7.4
04:18 5.6
00:46 9.4
03:28 7.2
11:19 2.5
07:57 7.2
00:45 9.4
00:33 6.8
06:47 7.1
07:28 4.0
06:18 5.7
00:55 4.7
00:38 6.4
00:06 4.6
08:05 9.7
05:18 5.4
08:48 2.2
Ht
15:09 4.4
21:21 13.4
12:37 3.5
21:08 12.5
19:57 5.4
12:40 6.8
13:12 4.1
19:17 5.1
14:21 3.4
13:39 4.0
--:--20:15 7.7
16:30 5.7
13:06 9.6
15:48 7.1
23:28 2.6
20:15 7.2
13:01 9.6
12:52 6.8
19:05 7.1
19:32 3.9
18:37 5.6
13:08 4.7
12:58 6.3
12:42 4.7
20:21 9.6
17:25 5.5
21:08 2.1
7
H
Synoptic situation
A large area of low pressure
over the Atlantic will push
a waving cold front slowly
eastwards across Ireland and
Scotland, eventually stalling
over Wales and northern and
western England. Ahead of this
front, some warm sunshine
will be over southeastern
parts, while behind the front a
mixture of sunny spells and a
few showers are expected.
EI GH T D AYS FR OM
HAND-PICKED RESORT
Cold front
Warm front
Occluded front
Trough
�9
PER PERSON
A seven-night stay at your chosen hotel
Return flights from your chosen UK
airport to Cyprus
Return airport-to-hotel transfers
Highs and lows
Hours of darkness
24hrs to 5pm yesterday
Aberdeen
Belfast
Birmingham
Cardiff
Exeter
Glasgow
Liverpool
London
Manchester
Newcastle
Norwich
Penzance
Shef?eld
Warmest: Lossiemouth,
Moray, 17.2C
Coldest: Cairnwell, 1.2C
Wettest: Tyndrum, 13.8mm
Sunniest: Altnaharra,
Highland, 12.1hrs*
Sun and moon
For Greenwich
Sun rises: 05.59
Sun sets: 19.59
Moon rises: 07.10
Moon sets: 21.43
First quarter: April 22
B
almy sunshine will return
this week and hopefully
banish the dreadful cold,
rain and gloomy skies
that set the spring flowers
back by a good few weeks.
The atrocious weather had at
least one benefit, however: it kept
tree pollen at bay and made life
more bearable for millions of hay
fever sufferers.
About 10 per cent of the UK
population is allergic to tree pollen
and one of the worst offenders is
the birch tree. These trees unload
vast amounts of pollen into the air;
just one birch catkin can release
six million pollen grains, so it?s no
surprise that these are the most
abundant types of tree pollen found
in air samples across the UK and
northwestern Europe.
The trees also have a carefully
choreographed spring timetable
because they need to shed their
pollen before their leaves open and
the pollen becomes trapped. Now
that conditions are warm and dry,
they are ideal for the catkins to
shed their pollen and let the grains
blow away and pollinate other
birch flowers.
According to a forecast issued by
the National Pollen Monitoring
Network and the Met Office, this
week will be particularly bad, with
levels of birch pollen particularly
high over much of the UK. The
forecast also warns of high levels of
plane tree pollen in London and the
southeast.
Despite this year?s unusually late
tree pollen season, the UK?s birch
trees have been flowering notably
earlier in recent years. Britain has
the world?s longest continuous
records of monitoring airborne tree
pollen, spanning several decades.
These records are based on
information collected from
monitoring sites in London, Derby
and Cardiff. Each site has shown a
clear trend towards earlier starts to
the pollen season, matching how
springtimes have generally grown
warmer.
Although this spring and that
of 2013 began extremely cold, in
future years spring weather is
likely to arrive earlier.
20:51-05:21
21:00-05:44
20:39-05:33
20:42-05:40
20:41-05:43
20:56-05:34
20:45-05:35
20:29-05:28
20:42-05:32
20:43-05:25
20:26-05:19
20:48-05:52
20:39-05:29
O
ffering a welcome every bit as engaging as its setting is alluring and beguiling, the
unspoiled resort town of Kyrenia, with its caf�-lined harbour beneath its ancient
castle, is a favourite of those wishing to combine the pleasures of a stay in the sun with
a little gentle exploration. A stone?s throw from Lawrence Durrell?s beloved Bellapais,
and within easy reach of Northern Cyprus? historic sites and less well-trodden beauty
spots, Kyrenia is an ideal base for an enjoyable stay.
Selected departures June to November, 2018.
Call 0330 160 4886 and quote TIM
thetimes.co.uk/deals
Services of an experienced manager
�pp low deposit when you book by April 30, 2018. Offer subject to availability and may be withdrawn at any time. These holidays are organised and operated by Newmarket Holidays Ltd. ABTA V7812. ATOL protected 2325. Subject to availability. Single supplements apply. Standard landline charges apply. KM100.
558
Tuesday April 17 2018 | the times
1G M
Sport
GARETH COPLEY/GETTY IMAGES
Hampshire set
early standard
Hampshire v
Worcestershire
Ageas Bowl (final day of four): Hampshire (21pts)
beat Worcestershire (4) by 196 runs
Specsavers County Championship
Steve James
Making comprehensive judgments
so early in the season can be highly
dangerous but there was evidence
enough at the Ageas Bowl that
Hampshire will be championship
contenders, as well as the more disconcerting signs that Worcestershire are
going to face much struggle upon their
return to Division One this season.
The simple victory for the home side
came just before the scheduled lunch
break yesterday, courtesy of a wicket for
Liam Dawson, the left-arm spinner, but
it was undoubtedly a game for the
seamers and swingers, and in Kyle
Abbott and Fidel Edwards, Hampshire
had the two quickest, and therefore
most penetrative, on show.
Edwards was presented with his
county cap before play and celebrated
by taking three wickets, two in consecutive balls, while Abbott finished with
seven in the match.
With those two and Gareth Berg a
mightily useful all-rounder, Hampshire
look a well-balanced side, with a particularly strong middle order in James
Vince, Sam Northeast, Hashim Amla
and Rilee Rossouw.
They won this game on the first day
when posting 290 in conditions tailormade for seam bowling. It was a huge
score. Vince?s 75 and Berg?s 75 not out
Day four at
Old Trafford
15.2
were critical. ?We didn?t bowl as well as
we could and we were always fighting
back in the game,? Joe Leach, the Worcestershire captain, said.?We always felt
we were 50 runs behind the game.?
Worcestershire started the day needing 265 to win, with seven wickets in
hand. Josh Tongue, the nightwatchman, succumbed first, clipping Berg to
square leg, but the next wicket was the
key one, that of Daryl Mitchell, who
could do nothing about the ball from
Abbott that nipped back and kept low.
George Rhodes took 35 balls to get
off the mark and then could not add to
that single before edging Edwards to
slip. Ben Cox was bowled leaving at
Brad Wheal and then Ed Barnard and
Leach fell in successive balls to
Edwards, Barnard plumb leg-before
(Edwards did not even bother to turn
around to check that the umpire
Martin Saggers had raised his finger)
and Leach edging a huge away swinger.
All the while Travis Head, the accomplished Australia left-hander, was
playing a calm and composed innings.
He ended unbeaten on 45 having hit
some splendid off-side shots.
But Steve Magoffin chipped Dawson
to short mid-wicket and the game was
over. Leach was not too disheartened,
though. ?I have just told the group,
which might be a bizarre thing to say on
an 190-odd run loss, that this game
reaffirmed to me that we deserve to be
here and mix it in this division with
these types of teams,? he said.
?We have ultimately come here on
day four with a chance of winning
despite not playing at our best.?
Overs
25
Runs
12
Wickets
Lancashire second innings
from 58 for two to 73 all out
..W.../.4..../.W..../.4W.../....../....W.
/....../W...13/3..W../....W./.W
Nottinghamshire second
innings 10 for four
1...../W...../....4./WW...4/W....1/
Lancashire?s Steven Croft is bowled by Jake Ball as Nottinghamshire run through the home batting to secure victory
Wiese hurries to season?s first century Essex fury over abandonment
Warwickshire v Sussex
Edgbaston (final day of four): Warwickshire (10pts)
drew with Sussex (12)
Neville Scott
David Wiese not only sped to the
campaign?s sole century, the Sussex
all-rounder did so before lunch off 91
balls.
This, moreover, in the face of match
figures of eight for 80 from Olly Stone
who, in his second game for
Warwickshire after joining from
Northamptonshire in late 2016,
continued to generate high pace and
confirm a promise so often cruelly held
back by injury.
Sussex, losing Ollie Robinson to the
Elizabeth Ammon
achieve seven dismissals in an innings
when Stone, full and fast, had Wiese
leg-before and ripped out Ishant
Sharma?s off stump.
Just under 60 per cent of this season?s
championship will be played before
mid-May or in September. Consigned
to twilight zones, batsmen struggle:
Sussex made 374 but none of nine other
sides even once reached 300.
With realistically only 51 overs
remaining after five sessions in all had
been lost to rain, Warwickshire batted
again, 75 behind. Rhodes was undone
by a beauty from Robinson and Sharma
removed Ian Bell and Jonathan Trott in
nine balls. But Dominic Sibley moved
to an assured unbeaten 42 and the draw
was conceded with 15 overs left.
day?s tenth ball as a rash drive at Keith
Barker sliced to Tim Ambrose behind
the stumps, were 194 for seven when
the South African Kolpak signing
arrived but they had improbably
claimed four batting points when he
was ninth out for 106, his first hundred
on these shores.
An excellent Edgbaston pitch
prompted Wiese to attack with
withering relish, driving Will Rhodes
for two sixes as he smashed the last 36
runs of his century from 18 balls.
At the other end, Ben Brown, a
captain happy to be outscored as 155
were added, went for 91 swiping at
Barker. Ambrose claimed a sixth catch
but was left one short of becoming the
third Warwickshire wicketkeeper to
Essex criticised Yorkshire?s apparent
lack of action in trying to get the Headingley outfield fit for play after their
championship match was abandoned
yesterday without a ball bowled.
Anthony McGrath and Ryan ten
Doeschate, the Essex head coach and
captain respectively, said after the
match was called off that no work had
been done on the area of the outfield
that was deemed unplayable.
McGrath, the former Yorkshire
captain, and his players were left bitterly disappointed. ?We?d have at least
liked to see some work,? he said. ?It was
almost conceding that we weren?t going
to play without doing anything. Given
we have had an hour?s rain in four days
and we?ve not had a ball bowled, it?s
very disappointing.?
Ten Doeschate also spoke of his
frustration. ?I don?t want to get myself
into trouble, but we keep getting told
about Test and Division One grounds
[having better drainage],? he said. ?It?s
not fit but we haven?t seen any work ?
no Super Sopper, no forking. What?s
their fear with creating mud when they
don?t have another game here until
Friday? Fair enough if I?d seen guys
working around the clock.?
Mark Arthur, the Yorkshire chief
executive, issued a strong defence: ?We
had state of the art drainage put in
seven or eight years ago ? there?s not a
problem with it in any shape or form. It
is the quantity of rain and snow we?ve
had over recent weeks and months?.
Scoreboards
Specsavers County Championship
Division One
Hampshire v Worcestershire
Ageas Bowl (final day of four): Hampshire
(21pts) beat Worcestershire (4) by 196 runs
Hampshire: First Innings 290 (J M Vince 75;
G K Berg 75 not out; J Leach 4 for 42)
Second Innings 244 (K J Abbott 51)
Worcestershire: First Innings 211 (O B Cox 65)
Second Innings (overnight 59-3)
D K H Mitchell lbw b Abbott
35
J C Tongue c Wheal b Berg
4
T M Head not out
45
G H Rhodes c Amla b Edwards
1
?O B Cox b Wheal
0
E G Barnard lbw b Edwards
4
*J Leach c McManus b Edwards
0
S J Magoffin c Vince b Dawson
6
Extras (lb 6nb 2)
8
Total (49.5 overs)
127
Fall of wickets: 1-4, 2-18, 3-50, 4-67, 5-67, 6-95,
7-96, 8-101, 9-101.
Bowling: Berg 13-4-26-1; Abbott 17-6-45-4;
Edwards 11-2-33-3; Wheal 5-1-15-1; Dawson
3.5-2-2-1.
Umpires: J W Lloyds and M J Saggers.
Lancashire v Nottinghamshire
Emirates Old Trafford (final day of four):
Nottinghamshire (20pts) beat Lancashire (3)
by six wickets
Lancashire: First Innings 158 (J T Ball 5 for 43)
Second Innings (overnight 58-2)
K K Jennings lbw b Gurney
27
*L S Livingstone c Moores b Ball
12
S Chanderpaul c Taylor b Gurney
0
D J Vilas c Wessels b Ball
6
S J Croft b Ball
0
J Clark c Nash b Ball
0
T E Bailey c Moores b Gurney
1
J M Mennie c Moores b Gurney
0
G Onions not out
0
Extras (b 4, lb 4)
8
Total (34.2 overs)
73
Fall of wickets: 1-49, 2-51, 3-58, 4-62, 5-66,
6-66, 7-66, 8-73, 9-73.
Bowling: Ball 10-5-14-4; Fletcher 6-1-16-0;
Gurney 12.2-5-25-6; Patel 6-2-10-0.
Nottinghamshire: First Innings 222
Second Innings
*S J Mullaney c Onions b Mennie
J D Libby c Livingstone b Mennie
C D Nash c Hameed b Mennie
L R P L Taylor c Livingstone b Onions
S R Patel not out
M H Wessels not out
Extras
Total (4 wkts, 5 overs)
Fall of wickets: 1-1, 2-5, 3-5, 4-9.
Bowling: Onions 3-0-6-1; Mennie 2-1-4-3.
Umpires: G D Lloyd and N A Mallender.
1
4
0
0
4
1
0
10
Yorkshire v Essex
Headingley (final day of four): Match
abandoned without a ball bowled. Yorkshire
5pts; Essex 5pts.
Hampshire
Nottinghamshire
Yorkshire
Essex
P
1
1
1
1
W
1
1
0
0
L
0
0
0
0
D Bat Bwl Ded Pts
0 2 3 0 21
0 1 3 0 20
1 0 0 0 5
1 0 0 0 5
Worcestershire
Lancashire
Somerset
Surrey
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
3
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
3
0
0
Division Two
Warwickshire v Sussex
Edgbaston (final day of four): Warwickshire
(10pts) drew with Sussex (12)
Warwickshire: First Innings 299 (T R Ambrose
81; I R Bell 70; D Wiese 4 for 56)
Second Innings
W M H Rhodes b Robinson
6
D P Sibley not out
42
I R Bell c Brown b Sharma
10
I J L Trott lbw b Sharma
4
A J Hose not out
15
Extras (nb 10)
10
Total (3 wkts, 35 overs)
87
Fall of wickets: 1-25, 2-45, 3-55.
Bowling: Sharma 9-3-16-2; Robinson 11-1-41-1;
Wiese 10-4-16-0; Whittingham 2-0-5-0; Wells
3-0-9-0.
Sussex: First Innings (overnight 194-6)
*?B C Brown c Ambrose b Barker
91
O E Robinson c Ambrose b Barker
12
D Wiese lbw b Stone
106
I Sharma b Stone
22
S G Whittingham not out
0
Extras (b 2, lb 4, nb 8)
14
Total (88.5 overs)
374
Fall of wickets: 1-30, 2-68, 3-77, 4-77, 5-88,
6-166, 7-194, 8-349, 9-361.
Bowling: Barker 25-5-99-2; Wright 19-3-76-0;
Stone 22.5-4-80-8; Patel 16-2-64-0; Rhodes
6-0-49-0.
Umpires: S J O?Shaughnessy and P R Pollard.
J R Bracey c Gidman b Henry
0
J M R Taylor lbw b Stevens
2
G L van Buuren b Stevens
9
R F Higgins not out
0
Extras (b 1, lb 7, w 1, nb 4)
13
Total (5 wkts, 28.3 overs)
108
Fall of wickets: 1-6, 2-81, 3-81, 4-84, 5-102.
Bowling: Henry 14-3-37-3; Stevens 9-1-39-2;
Stewart 2.2-0-10-0; Gidman 2.4-1-8-0;
Podmore 0.3-0-6-0.
Umpires: N L Bainton and M Burns.
Kent v Gloucestershire
Middlesex
Gloucestershire
Sussex
Warwickshire
Northants
Kent
Derbyshire
Durham
Leicestershire
Glamorgan
Canterbury (final day of four): Gloucestershire
(19pts) beat Kent (3) by five wickets
Kent: First Innings 64 (M D Taylor 4 for 20)
Second Innings 153 (D J Bell-Drummond 61;
R F Higgins 5 for 22)
Gloucestershire: First Innings 110 (G H Roderick
51; M J Henry 4 for 33)
Second Innings (overnight 61-1)
B A C Howell not out
52
?G H Roderick lbw b Henry
26
P
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
W
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
L
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
D Bat Bwl Ded
0 1 3 0
0 0 3 0
1 4 3 0
1 2 3 0
0 0 3 0
0 0 3 0
0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0
Pts
20
19
12
10
3
3
0
0
0
0
the times | Tuesday April 17 2018
59
1G M
Sport
continued from back
Random drug tests for Evans
addition to any requirements under the
International Tennis Federation?s
existing antidoping programme.
?The agreed checks encompass a
range of fitness, medical, nutritional,
physical and mental elements,? an LTA
spokesman said. ?He has also agreed
to
support
the
LTA?s
antidoping education for young
players. Further, the LTA has the
right to perform a random drugg
test on him at any time.?
A long-running debate in the
sport still continues on whether
d
doping offenders should be assisted
with wild cards in their bid to climb
back up the rankings, but the LTA
Evans will also support the
LTA?s antidoping programme
Newmarket
Rob Wright
1.50 Prevent
4.10 Almoreb (nap)
2.25 History Writer
4.45 Kew Gardens (nb)
3.00 I Am A Dreamer
5.20 Inshiraah
3.35 Purser
5.55 Evergate
Thunderer: 3.35 Symbolization (nap). 5.20 Robero.
Going: good to soft (soft in places)
Draw: no advantage
Racing UK
1.50
Maiden Stakes
(3-Y-O: �469: 7f) (13)
ATALANTA'S BOY (H) D Menuisier 9-0
L Morris
1 (6)
AURUM C Appleby 9-0
W Buick
2 (4)
4BALLYQUIN 172 A Balding 9-0
O Murphy
3 (5)
BAWAASIL O Burrows 9-0
D Probert
4 (1)
BUSBY C Allen 9-0
M Dwyer
5 (7)
4- ELHAFEI 147 J Gosden 9-0
J Crowley
6 (13)
5- EPAULEMENT 206 T Dascombe 9-0
R Kingscote
7 (11)
5- IBRAZ 277 R Varian 9-0
D O'Neill
8 (9)
Fran Berry
9 (12) 40- MANKIND 263 G Scott 9-0
0 PESKY WABBITT 26 (H) Richard Spencer 9-0 S Donohoe
10 (8)
6 PREVENT 23 R Beckett 9-0
R L Moore
11(10)
2 ROBSDELIGHT 23 Miss G Kelleway 9-0
A Jones (3)
12 (2)
24 TILGHMAN 23 W Jarvis 9-0
K Shoemark
13 (3)
5-4 Aurum, 9-4 Elhafei, 5-1 Ballyquin, 7-1 Prevent, 8-1 Robsdelight, 10-1
Epaulement, Ibraz, 14-1 Bawaasil, 16-1 Mankind, Tilghman, 20-1 others.
Rob Wright?s choice: Prevent went well for a long way
when sixth at Doncaster Dangers: Robsdelight, Aurum
2.25
Maiden Stakes
(3-Y-O: �469: 7f) (13)
1 (1) 23664 AMBIENT 12 Jane Chapple-Hyam 9-0 Nicola Currie (5)
O Murphy
2 (9) 04- BACACARAT 172 A Balding 9-0
CALENDIMAGGIO M Channon 9-0
C Bishop
3 (7)
T Marquand
4 (13) 0200- CATAPULT 152 C Lines 9-0
GIOVANNI P Chapple-Hyam 9-0
J Mitchell
5 (5)
G Mosse
6 (4) 5-3 GLOBAL ART 24 E Dunlop 9-0
3- HISTORY WRITER 228 D Menuisier 9-0
R Kingscote
7 (6)
J Crowley
8 (8) 33- JAWWAAL 242 J Gosden 9-0
KING'S SLIPPER Clive Cox 9-0
A Kirby
9 (2)
MUTAFANI S Crisford 9-0
S De Sousa
10(11)
P Hanagan
11 (3) 0222- PORTH SWTAN 165 C Hills 9-0
0- SAPHIL 221 John Ryan 9-0
J Osborn (7)
12(12)
STORMER R Hannon 9-0
S Levey
13(10)
2-1 History Writer, 3-1 Jawwaal, 4-1 Porth Swtan, 6-1 Global Art, 8-1
Bacacarat, 10-1 Stormer, 12-1 King?s Slipper, Mutafani, 14-1 others.
Wright choice: History Writer was a good third on his
debut at Sandown
Dangers: Porth Swtan, Global Art
3.00
Novice Stakes (2-Y-O: �175: 5f) (8)
ALOYSIUS LILIUS K A Ryan 9-2
T Eaves
1 (6)
BALLISTIC R Cowell 9-2
L Morris
2 (3)
3 I AM A DREAMER 17 (BF) M Johnston 9-2 P J McDonald
3 (5)
JACKSTAR T Dascombe 9-2
R Kingscote
4 (1)
PESCI R Fahey 9-2
P Hanagan
5 (8)
TREASURE QUEST B Meehan 9-2
O Murphy
6 (4)
VAN BEETHOVEN A O'Brien (Ire) 9-2
R L Moore
7 (2)
4 YNYS MON 18 C Hills 9-2
W Buick
8 (7)
13-8 Van Beethoven, 3-1 I Am A Dreamer, 4-1 Jackstar, 7-1 Aloysius Lilius,
Pesci, 8-1 Ynys Mon, 12-1 Ballistic, 16-1 Treasure Quest.
Wright choice: I Am A Dreamer faded late on heavy ground
at Musselburgh Dangers: Van Beethoven, Aloysius, Lilius
3.35
Conditions Stakes
(3-Y-O: �704: 7f) (5)
L Dettori
1 (1) 413-4 PURSER 18 (D) J Gosden 9-9
R L Moore
2 (2) 01- ACCESSOR 182 (D) R Hannon 9-6
G Mosse
3 (3) 31- GLOBAL HUMOR 288 (D) E Dunlop 9-6
M Harley
4 (5) 310- STORMBRINGER 234 K A Ryan 9-6
W Buick
5 (4) 21- SYMBOLIZATION 221 (D) C Appleby 9-6
4-5 Symbolization, 5-2 Purser, 7-1 Stormbringer, 8-1 Accessor, 12-1 Global
Humor.
Wright choice: Purser drops in trip after racing too freely
over a mile at Newcastle
Danger: Symbolization
set a precedent last year by awarding
Maria Sharapova a place in the main
draw for the Birmingham Classic.
Initially the LTA believed that Evans
could sign up himself for the qualifying
draw but there was some embarrassment three weeks ago when The
Times informed the national governing body of British tennis that
the ATP was insistent he could only
p
play
through wildcard entry because
h will be unranked
he
iin the week leading
u
up to the tournament.
?I want to thank everyone who has supported me
t
throughout
this difficult
period,? Evans said.
?I have learned a lot about
m
myself in my time away from
tthe game, a sport that I love
very dearly. I am now committed to
training hard, resuming my career and
getting back to where I was, although I
appreciate this will take time.?
Novak Djokovic ended his threematch losing streak with a 6-0, 6-1
victory against his Serbian compatriot
Dusan Lajovic in the first round of the
Monte Carlo Masters. Afterwards he
denied that there was an acrimonious
end to his coaching partnership with
Andre Agassi after the American
decided to release the news first
through ESPN.
?I don?t care who comes in and says
things in the press first,? Djokovic said.
?Nobody offended anybody. We?re still
in a very good relation.?
Kyle Edmund arrived late on Sunday
night on a private jet from Marrakech,
where he lost his first ATP final on
Sunday, and opens his campaign here
today against Andreas Seppi, of Italy.
4.10
Carlisle
Handicap (�,173: 1m) (19)
231-0 FIRE BRIGADE 24 (T,CD) Michael Bell 4-9-7 J P Spencer
000-0 WITHERNSEA 24 (D) R Fahey 7-9-4
T Hamilton
2212- MAFAAHEEM 233 O Burrows 4-9-3
J Crowley
066-0 EXAMINER 38 (T,D) S C Williams 7-9-2
Fran Berry
436-0 BRILLIANT VANGUARD 24 (P,D) K A Ryan 5-9-1
Kevin Stott
W Buick
6 (5) 1361- PLUTONIAN 159 (D) C Hills 4-9-1
D O'Neill
7 (7) 2132- ALMOREB 195 (D,BF) R Hannon 4-9-0
J Haynes
8 (18) 4516- NOBLE PEACE 126 (D) L Pearce 5-8-13
O Murphy
9 (13) 060-2 ISOMER 25 (BF) A Balding 4-8-13
C Bishop
10 (4) 1306- FRANK BRIDGE 214 (D) E Houghton 5-8-12
S De Sousa
11(11) 1326- ROLLER 306 (D,BF) M W Easterby 5-8-11
12 (2) 3404- CHIEFOFCHIEFS 200 (P,D) C Fellowes 5-8-11 S Donohoe
13(10) 50-15 CONSTANTINO 38 (B,D,BF) R Fahey 5-8-11 P Hanagan
R Kingscote
14(15) 0040- SINFONIETTA D Menuisier 6-8-11
15(19) 10055 LONDON 36 (H,D) Phil McEntee 5-8-11 Nicola Currie (5)
16 (8) 242-6 THE WARRIOR 66 (D) Mrs A Perrett 6-8-11 J Mitchell
L Morris
17(14) 6030- RED TEA 147 (C,D) P Hiatt 5-8-11
M Dwyer
18 (3) 400-3 SECRET ART 25 (CD) W Knight 8-8-8
W Cox (5)
19(12) 00012 GLORY AWAITS 20 (B,D) D Simcock 8-8-7
6-1 Mafaaheem, 13-2 Fire Brigade, 8-1 Roller, Secret Art, 9-1 Plutonian, 10-1
Almoreb, 12-1 Sinfonietta, 14-1 Chiefofchiefs, Constantino, 16-1 others.
1
2
3
4
5
(1)
(9)
(16)
(17)
(6)
Wright choice: Almoreb is progressive and remains
unexposed at this trip
Dangers: Fire Brigade, Isomer
4.45
(Listed: 3-Y-O: �,684: 1m 1f) (8)
W Buick
1 (8) 1216- STAGE MAGIC (P,BF) C Appleby 9-5
R L Moore
2 (5) 1241- KEW GARDENS 185 (C) A O'Brien (Ire) 9-3
J Crowley
3 (7) 2136- ARBALET 185 (W,T) H Palmer 9-0
A Atzeni
4 (2) 143-3 DARK ACCLAIM 18 M Botti 9-0
O Murphy
5 (3) 15-30 FORTUNE'S PEARL 18 A Balding 9-0
James Doyle
6 (4) 1313- MILDENBERGER 199 M Johnston 9-0
L Dettori
7 (6) 21- MSAYYAN 181 J Gosden 9-0
1- NEW SHOW 260 K A Ryan 9-0
T Eaves
8 (1)
6-4 Kew Gardens, 7-4 Mildenberger, 7-1 Msayyan, 8-1 Stage Magic, 12-1 Dark
Acclaim, 14-1 New Show, 16-1 Arbalet, 25-1 Fortune's Pearl.
Wright choice: Kew Gardens won easily in this grade here in
October and can follow up Dangers: Dark Acclaim, Arbalet
5.20
Handicap (�,173: 7f) (17)
1 (6) 4210- ABSOLUTELY SO 186 (D) A Balding 8-10-0
Joshua Bryan (5)
L Dettori
2 (7) 0134- MEDAHIM 235 R Hannon 4-9-7
S Donohoe
3 (17) 0160- ACCESSION 199 (CD) C Fellowes 9-9-7
A Atzeni
4 (8) 6/06- WHITE LAKE 178 (D) R Varian 6-9-6
C Lee (3)
5 (14) 260-5 MJJACK 24 (D,BF) K Burke 4-9-6
P Hanagan
6 (4) 010-0 STAMP HILL 24 (V,D) R Fahey 5-9-4
7 (9) 306-6 LOVE DREAMS 27 (D) M Johnston 4-9-4 P J McDonald
H Bentley
8 (1) 1311- INSHIRAAH 262 (D) G Peckham 4-9-3
9 (11) 42-41 TAKE THE HELM 18 (D) B Meehan 5-9-3 A McNamara (3)
000-0
DONNCHA
24
(D)
R
Eddery
7-9-1
J Crowley
10(16)
Doubtful
11 (3) 5014- MAZYOUN 169 (B,D) H Palmer 4-9-0
R L Moore
12(12) 0401- MEDIEVAL 206 (P,CD) P Cole 4-8-13
S W Kelly
13 (5) 00-00 GOSSIPING 53 (D) G L Moore 6-8-13
14(13) 1424- JUANITO CHICO 262 (H,D) W Jarvis 4-8-12 J P Spencer
S De Sousa
15(15) 0300- ROBERO 157 (D) M W Easterby 6-8-11
O Murphy
16(10) 0060- TAUREAN STAR 193 (D) R Beckett 5-8-10
A Jones (3)
17 (2) 03-05 PASTIME 24 (P,D) Miss G Kelleway 4-8-7
6-1 Inshiraah, 7-1 Mjjack, 8-1 Juanito Chico, Medahim, 9-1 Medieval, 10-1
White Lake, 12-1 Robero, 14-1 Love Dreams, Taurean Star, 16-1 others.
Wright choice: Inshiraah was impressive when winning on
the July course here
Dangers: Juanito Chico, Robero
5.55
Novices' Handicap Chase
-1112 ONLYFOOLSOWNHORSES 239 (T,C,D) M D Hammond 7-11-12
F O'Toole (3)
P Cowley (5)
2 3d112 SKIPPING ON 9 (H,D) L Morgan 9-11-9
D R Fox
3 /P0P0 IMPERIAL PRINCE 72 (D) I Duncan 9-11-0
4 04532 ROMULUS DU DONJON 9 (D) Mrs R Dobbin 7-11-0
L Murtagh (5)
5 60430 CRAWFORDS MILL 17 S Crawford (Ire) 6-10-13 B Hughes
7-4 Romulus Du Donjon, 2-1 Skipping On, 5-1 Crawfords Mill, 6-1 others.
1
Novices' Hurdle
(�549: 2m 3f 61y) (8)
11550 CAVE TOP 31 (D) O Greenall 6-12-3
Ross Turner (7)
22133 TEESCOMPONENTS LAD 33 (D) Gillian Boanas 5-11-5
Miss E Todd (7)
N De Boinville
3 -4246 DUKE DEBARRY 55 N Henderson 7-10-13
50 EXCALIBUR 25 M D Hammond 5-10-13
F O'Toole (3)
4
S W Quinlan
5 34-66 FORTH CAVE 181 Mrs D Sayer 6-10-13
20 INFORMATEUR 73 Mrs S Smith 5-10-13
D Cook
6
N Moscrop (5)
7 2-430 RAJAPUR 19 (P) D Thompson 5-10-13
8 00PP ROYAL SUMMIT 93 (W,T) Alison Hamilton 7-10-13
J Hamilton
15-8 Cave Top, 2-1 Duke Debarry, 4-1 Teescomponents Lad, 7-1 Informateur,
11-1 Rajapur, 25-1 Excalibur, 33-1 Forth Cave, 100-1 Royal Summit.
1
2
Handicap Chase
(�498: 3m 2f 34y) (7)
B Hughes
1 1-P41 MAHLER LAD 62 (V,D) D McCain 8-12-0
Ross Chapman (3)
2 1-536 SOLID STRIKE 27 P Collins 10-11-12
K K Woods
3 /P502 MILANESQUE 27 (T,B) P W Flynn (Ire) 9-11-5
D R Fox
4 21342 MISFITS 17 (T) Miss L Russell 7-11-3
5 11F13 ATTENTION PLEASE 32 (P,D,BF) Mrs R Dobbin 8-11-2
R Day (3)
6 02561 ACHILL ROAD BOY 17 (CD) W S Coltherd 9-11-0
S Coltherd (5)
J Bewley (3)
7 -0P55 ONDERUN 17 G Bewley 9-10-7
100-30 Mahler Lad, 7-2 Achill Road Boy, Attention Please, 9-2 Misfits, 6-1
Solid Strike, 10-1 Milanesque, 18-1 Onderun.
Handicap (�,938: 5f) (10)
302-6 EVERGATE 10 (D) R Cowell 4-9-7
J Crowley
3201- MAJOR JUMBO 219 (D) K A Ryan 4-9-6 Nicola Currie (5)
00/0- KING OF ROOKS 278 (D) H Spiller 5-9-5
Fran Berry
1351- STORM OVER 178 (D) R Cowell 4-9-3
L Morris
10-30 ERISSIMUS MAXIMUS 38 (B,D) C Dwyer 4-9-1S De Sousa
030-0 GEORGE BOWEN 23 (V) R Fahey 6-8-13
P Hanagan
36-05 ORIENT CLASS 18 (D) P Midgley 7-8-13
Connor Murtagh (5)
D Probert
8 (5) 066-3 MOVE IN TIME 18 (D) P Midgley 10-8-8
9 (7) 206-0 SUPER JULIUS 102 (P,D) E Houghton 4-8-8 E Greatrex
Josephine Gordon
10(10) 2-444 ARZAAK 11 (B,D) C Dwyer 4-8-7
3-1 Storm Over, 4-1 Major Jumbo, 6-1 Evergate, Move In Time, 8-1 others.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Conditional Jockeys' Handicap
Hurdle (�549: 2m 3f 61y) (9)
(�498: 2m 4f) (5)
3.55
(9)
(3)
(1)
(2)
(4)
(6)
(8)
Wright choice: Evergate should be sharper for a recent
outing at Kempton Dangers: Major Jumbo, Storm Over
Course specialists
Carlisle: Trainers S Crawford, 10 from 27 runners,
37.0%; I Duncan, 5 from 16, 31.2%.
Jockey W Kennedy, 17 from 76 rides, 22.4%.
Exeter: Trainers P Nicholls, 35 from 111, 31.5%;
G L Moore, 4 from 14, 28.6%. Jockeys Mr W Biddick,
3 from 9, 33.3%; N Fehily, 24 from 101, 23.8%.
Newmarket: Trainers C Appleby, 40 from 156,
25.6%; A O'Brien, 24 from 96, 25.0%; J Gosden,
50 from 251, 19.9%. Jockeys L Dettori, 38 from 182,
20.9%; G Mosse, 3 from 15, 20.0%.
Yesterday?s racing results
Kelso
Going: heavy (soft in places)
2.10 (2m 2f 25yd hdle) 1, Calix Delafayette (B
Hughes, 9-2); 2, Sunny Destination (14-1);
3, Johnny Pedlar (40-1). 7 ran. 18l, 9l. J Ewart.
2.40 (2m 6f 151yd hdle) 1, Chicoria (Harry Reed,
11-4); 2, Geronimo (9-4 fav); 3, Forty Crown
(16-1). 6 ran. NR: Tomkevi. Nk, 1l. T Davidson.
3.10 (2m 5f ch) 1, Always Tipsy (Lucy Alexander,
14-1); 2, Beau Sancy (28-1); 3, Havana Jack (7-1).
9 ran. NR: Dun Faw Good. 1l, 3l. N Alexander.
3.40 (3m 2f ch) 1, Lowanbehold (T Willmott,
5-1); 2, Silver Tassie (10-1); 3, Smuggler's
Stash (5-1). 9 ran. Nk, 6l. Miss S Forster.
4.10 (2m 1f 14yd ch) 1, Charlie Snow Angel
(Jamie Hamilton, 100-30); 2, Halcyon Days
(9-1); 3, Mumgos Debut (5-1). 6 ran. NR:
Duhallowcountry. 2Nl, 1Nl. Miss S Forster.
4.40 (3m 2f ch) 1, Diamond Brig (Mr T Hamilton,
5-4 fav); 2, Chanceiton (7-1); 3, For Yes (10-1).
7 ran. 21l, 4l. Mrs W Hamilton.
5.10 (2m 2f 25yd hdle) 1, Make It Happen (Blair
Campbell, 100-30); 2, Lastin' Memories (3-1
fav); 3, Divine Port (6-1). 8 ran. Ns, 7l.
Miss Lucinda V Russell.
Placepot: �304.70.
Quadpot: �9.50.
Windsor
Going: heavy
2.20 (5f 21yd) 1, Marietta Robusti (S De Sousa,
9-2); 2, Give Em A Clump (4-1); 3, Billy Booth
(8-1). 6 ran. NR: G Eye Joe, Maygold. 4l, 5l.
M Channon.
2.50 (5f 21yd) 1, Blown By Wind (James Doyle,
2-1 fav); 2, Awake In Asia (4-1); 3, Artair (9-4).
7 ran. 3Kl, 1Ol. M Johnston.
Handicap Hurdle
3.10
Gabas had to have
surgery after he was
accidentally hit in the
face when Denis
Shapovalov smashed a
ball in anger.
Handicap Chase
(�495: 3m 6f 153y) (7)
60121 SKYWARDS REWARD 9 (CD) M D Hammond 7-11-13
H Thompson Brown (10)
S Coltherd (5)
2 5506P GRAYSTOWN 10 W S Coltherd 6-11-12
200 PASTORAL MUSIC 34 D McCain 5-11-11
A Lane
3
A Nicol
4 31-00 SUGGESTION 147 P Kirby 6-11-7
B Hughes
5 44333 FLORAMOSS 19 (BF) Gillian Boanas 7-11-6
Thomas Brett (7)
6 3-000 EMILYOGUE 316 J Ryan (Ire) 5-11-2
S W Quinlan
7 30335 PERSEID 23 (D) Mrs B Butterworth 8-11-0
8 31154 INSTINGTIVE 9 (CD) Miss L Harrison 7-10-13
Ross Chapman (3)
8-11 Skywards Reward, 8-1 Instingtive, Suggestion, 9-1 Perseid, 11-1 Pastoral
Music, 14-1 Floramoss, 16-1 Graystown, 25-1 Emilyogue.
1 23P55 KNOCKANRAWLEY 39 (P) K Bailey 10-11-13 M Hamill (5)
J E Moore
2 12046 KRACKATOA KING 31 (V) K Lee 10-11-12
H Cobden
3 43P11 WIZARDS BRIDGE 11 (B,C) C Tizzard 9-11-10
4 P6-3P ROYAL PALLADIUM 89 (P,C) Miss V Williams 10-11-10
C Deutsch
T Cannon
5 F1123 BALLYHEIGUE BAY 23 (T,P) C Gordon 11-11-9
6 P-504 SPOOKYDOOKY 27 (T,P,BF) Jonjo O'Neill 10-11-7 R Johnson
7 -F150 YANMARE 53 (T,P,CD) N Twiston-Davies 8-10-8 J Bargary
9-2 Krackatoa King, Wizards Bridge, 5-1 Royal Palladium, 11-2 others.
5.05
E Austin (10)
1 B0/P- MUHTARIS 25F (P,D) I Williams 8-12-0
2 21664 DROPS OF JUPITOR 53 (CD) A Honeyball 6-11-13 R McLernon
1450
MASTER
WORK
22
(CD)
P
Hobbs
5-11-12
T O'Brien
3
4 P0142 RAINY DAY DYLAN 43 (H,T,D) N Mulholland 7-11-11 N Fehily
5 -0631 CHOIX DES ARMES 8 (H) P Nicholls 6-11-11 S Twiston-Davies
6 P5632 TAKE A BREAK 35 (T,D,BF) N Hawke 7-11-10
Tom Buckley (10)
H Cobden
7 0U530 THE BROTHERS 67 C Tizzard 5-11-10
J E Moore
8 -0000 MR FICKLE 60 G L Moore 9-11-5
9 P536U TEA TIME FRED 31 (P,D) S Gardner 9-11-5 Lucy Gardner (3)
10 6-053 THE MIGHTY ASH 67 (B) Mrs F Shaw 8-10-13 Mr M Legg (5)
C Gethings
11 0-4P5 MAHLER'S FIRST 20 V Dartnall 6-10-13
D Jacob
12 31PPP SAMSON'S REACH 38 (D) R Price 5-10-11
S Houlihan (5)
13 P0U03 KAYF CHARMER 26 L Blackford 8-10-0
5-2 Choix Des Armes, 13-2 Drops Of Jupitor, Rainy Day Dylan, 8-1 others.
Handicap Chase
(�123: 1m 7f 207y) (5)
B Hughes
1 24432 PISTOL PARK 17 (T,D) B Ellison 7-11-12
R Patrick (5)
2 1U455 GREY GOLD 38 (CD) K Lee 13-11-10
11311
DICA 41 (D) P Collins 12-11-7
Ross Chapman (3)
3
D Cook
4 1P440 WOLF SWORD 17 (C,D) Mrs S Smith 9-11-4
P Cowley (5)
5 21314 ULIS DE VASSY 22 (P,D) L Morgan 10-10-0
7-4 Pistol Park, 7-2 Grey Gold, Wolf Sword, 9-2 Dica, 7-1 Ulis De Vassy.
5.40
NH Flat Race (�599: 2m 1f) (8)
6-21 THE SOME DANCE KID 64 D McCain 5-11-5 L Murtagh (5)
1
P2 GEORDIELANDGANGSTA 135P Mrs R Dobbin 5-10-12 C Nichol
2
0 LET'S GET AT IT 118 H Whittington 5-10-12
H Bannister
3
C Bewley (3)
4 P1113 PIECEOFTHEACTION 24P C Grant 5-10-12
BAYMORE
ROAD
F
Murtagh
4-10-7
S
W Quinlan
5
3 DIZZY CHIEF 254 Andrew Crook 6-10-5
W Kennedy
6
32 LILY'S GEM 17 S Crawford (Ire) 5-10-5
B Hughes
7
0- SAMBA TIME 420 (H) G Bewley 6-10-5
J Bewley (3)
8
13-8 Lily's Gem, 3-1 The Some Dance Kid, 7-2 Pieceoftheaction, 8-1 others.
Exeter
Rob Wright
2.00 King Calvin
2.35 Garrane
3.10 Spookydooky
3.45 The Brothers
Going: soft
2.00
4.20 L?Auberge Du Bois
4.55 Irish Thistle
5.30 Uncle Jimmy
Racing UK
Novices' Hurdle
(�224: 2m 5f 135y) (8)
N Scholfield
1 11-41 KING CALVIN 40 (T) J Barber 6-11-5
1 MASTER TOMMYTUCKER 53 (C) P Nicholls 7-11-5 H Cobden
2
3 23320 BENECHENKO 22 (BF) F O'Brien 6-10-13 Miss B Hampson (5)
J Best
4 F3U35 ERICAS LAD 38 J Plessis 7-10-13
R Johnson
5 -0435 HUNT POLITICS 25 W Greatrex 6-10-13
M Nolan
6 -2122 APPLESOLUTELY 38 R Mitford-Slade 7-10-12
Mr S Quinlan (7)
7 P-1P3 BEAN LIATH 19 Dai Williams 7-10-6
45 DAWN'S LITTLE LADY 74 Sarah Robinson 6-10-6 R Dunne
8
6-4 King Calvin, 7-4 Master Tommytucker, 3-1 Applesolutely, 14-1 others.
2.35
Handicap Hurdle
(�498: 2m 7f 25y) (15)
10224 SANDHURST LAD 36 (T,P,BF) W Greatrex 7-12-0
T Greatrex (7)
44311 GARRANE 27 (D) J Scott 6-12-0
N Scholfield
0-462 ALBERT D'OLIVATE 20 (T,P,D) N Mulholland 8-11-12 N Fehily
-3035 INCH LALA 22 J Farrelly 6-11-12
T Cannon
0P345 NORSE LEGEND 11 (P,BF) C Tizzard 7-11-11
H Cobden
44222 LERICHI BELLE 66 (H,BF) M Keighley 7-11-7
H Stock (5)
026P6 VANGO DE VAIGE 39 P Hobbs 5-11-7
R Johnson
P0660 SKINFLINT 22 (T,P) D Pipe 6-11-5
T Scudamore
31132 CHEQUE EN BLANC 25 (D) G L Moore 6-11-4
J E Moore
2-064 COSTANTE VIA 31 N Twiston-Davies 7-11-4
S Twiston-Davies
11 -1453 JULLY LES BUXY 33 (T,P) Keiran Burke 8-11-4 W Hutchinson
12 P5240 MOUNTAIN OF MOURNE 27 (P) L Blackford 9-10-13 J Best
13 21265 MINELLA GATHERING 36 (D) Paul Henderson 9-10-11
P Brennan
14 F6523 POINT N SHOOT 16 (T,B,D) N Hawke 7-10-9 Tom Buckley (10)
Matt Griffiths
15 U0052 BACT TO BLACK 9 (P) R Walford 6-10-8
5-1 Albert D'Olivate, Garrane, 13-2 Bact To Black, 8-1 Cheque En Blanc, 10-1
Norse Legend, Sandhurst Lad, Skinflint, Vango De Vaige, 12-1 others.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Results
3.20 (1m 2f) 1, Sevenna Star (R Havlin, 8-11
fav); 2, King?s Proctor (4-1); 3, Morning Skye
(9-2). 7 ran. 14l, 3l. J Gosden.
3.50 (1m 2f) 1, Nordic Combined (Andrea
Atzeni, 13-2); 2, Bombero (2-1 fav); 3,
Essenaitch (15-2). 10 ran. 1Nl, 1Ol. W S Kittow.
4.20 (6f 12yd) 1, Mobsta (S De Sousa, Evens
fav); 2, Glory Of Paris (4-1); 3, Bahamian Dollar
(7-1). 10 ran. NR: Major Pusey, Nightingale
Valley. Nk, 1l. M Channon.
4.50 (1m 31yd) 1, Icart Point (A Kirby, 11-4 fav);
2, Lady Alavesa (15-2); 3, Unbridled Spirit (4-1).
9 ran. NR: Mom Said. 2Kl, 3Ol. C Cox.
5.25 (1m 31yd) 1, Bakht A Rawan (S De Sousa,
4-1 fav); 2, Harlequin Striker (11-2); 3,
Caledonia Duchess (12-1). 10 ran. NR: Anif,
Wicker. 1Kl, 1Nl. W S Kittow.
Placepot: �.30.
Quadpot: �60.
up to Gabas and
shouted in his face
after disputing a line
call. ATP officials
have been in talks
over his fine. Last year
(�549: 2m 1f) (8)
L Murtagh (3)
1 2-624 CHICAGO LADY 27 D McCain 7-11-12
R Patrick (3)
2 16FP2 SCALES 21 (T,D) K Lee 12-11-8
J Bowen
3 2-22P TICKANRUN 41 (BF) M D Hammond 8-11-3
H Reed
4 6U403 STRIKE WEST 35 M D Hammond 6-11-2
R Day
5 00000 PERMISSION GRANTED 88 Mrs R Dobbin 6-10-12
T Dowson (3)
6 P60FP ANIKNAM 10 P Kirby 8-10-12
C Bewley
7 0/00P HERECOMESNELSON 56 Katie Scott 9-10-8
S Coltherd
8 00000 CAPTAIN BLACK 23 W S Coltherd 6-10-7
J Hamilton
9 0P032 BORDER VICTOR 19 (P) F Murtagh 6-10-6
3-1 Scales, 7-2 Border Victor, Tickanrun, 11-2 Chicago Lady, 9-1 Strike West,
10-1 Aniknam, 12-1 Permission Granted, 20-1 others.
3.20
J
ared Donaldson,
the 21-year-old
from the US, faces
a substantial fine after
aggressively
confronting the
French umpire
Arnaud Gabas during
his first-round defeat
at the Monte Carlo
Masters (Stuart Fraser
writes).
Donaldson, the
world No 51, squared
1
2.10 Border Victor
4.30 Skywards Reward
2.45 Romulus Du Donjon 5.05 Pistol Park
3.20 Duke Debarry
5.40 Lily?s Gem
3.55 Milanesque
Going: heavy, soft in places (chase course);
soft, heavy in places (hurdles)
Racing UK
2.45
Feilden Stakes
American
faces fine in
umpire row
4.30
Rob Wright
2.10
JULIAN FINNEY/GETTY IMAGES
Football
Premier League: West Ham 1 Stoke 1.
6 Table on page 62
Vanarama National League: North: Curzon
Ashton 2 Nuneaton 2. South: Chelmsford 3
Wealdstone 0.
Tennis
ATP Tour: Rolex Monte-Carlo Masters
First round (selected): A Ramos-Vinolas (Sp) bt
J Donaldson (US) 6-3, 6-3; K Nishikori (Japan)
bt T Berdych (Cz) 4-6, 6-2, 6-1; M Raonic (Can)
bt L Catarina (Monaco) 3-6, 6-2, 6-3; N Djokovic
(Serbia) bt D Lajovic (Serbia) 6-0, 6-1; A Bedene
(Slovenia) bt M Basic (Boz-Herz) 6-4, 7-6 (7-3);
S Tsitsipas (Gr) bt D Shapovalov (Can) 6-3, 6-4.
3.45
Handicap Hurdle
(�173: 2m 2f 111y) (13)
4.20
Maiden Hurdle (�249: 2m 175y) (13)
056 ALMINAR 27 N Hawke 5-10-12
T Cannon
1
2 0PP05 BALLYMAGROARTY BOY 27 N Hawke 5-10-12 C Gethings
M Nolan
3 4-343 BELLAMY'S GREY 20 C Gray 6-10-12
C Ring (3)
4 0U06 CAPPAWAY 11 E Williams 5-10-12
4- DARK FORCE 383 Miss V Williams 5-10-12
A Coleman
5
H Cobden
6 20-0O DAYLAMI KIRK 89 R Hodges 7-10-12
560 HAVISHAM 22 (T) J Snowden 6-10-12
T O'Brien
7
43 ISIS BLUE 106 (T) Keiran Burke 8-10-12
N Scholfield
8
602 L'AUBERGE DU BOIS 20 J Scott 6-10-12
Matt Griffiths
9
N Fehily
10 4-04 LOUGH RYN 54 N Mulholland 6-10-12
R Johnson
11 20-0 SGROPPINO 173 P Hobbs 6-10-12
12 -SP42 THE CANNISTER MAN 41 (H) S Thomas 6-10-12 C Deutsch
13 3446- PRESENTING LUCINA 588 N Mulholland 6-10-5 T Scudamore
4-1 The Cannister Man, 9-2 L'Auberge Du Bois, 6-1 Lough Ryn, 9-1
Ballymagroarty Boy, Isis Blue, Sgroppino, 10-1 Cappaway, 12-1 others.
4.55
Handicap Chase
(�899: 2m 3f 48y) (7)
H Cobden
1 -F243 NEVER LEARN 22 (T) C Tizzard 7-12-2
2 056P0 HOLEINTHEWALL BAR 96 (D) Mrs T Barfoot-Saunt 10-11-12
J E Moore
J Nixon (7)
3 PP60P DAVERON 39 (D) R Price 10-11-7
4 34464 IRISH THISTLE 27 (D) Dai Williams 11-10-13
S Twiston-Davies
D Noonan
5 P00-3 KAHDIAN 22 Mrs H Rees 8-10-6
6 P0422 KAVANAGHS CORNER 39 (T,BF) S Eearle 9-10-5 C Shoemark
J Best
7 34U45 VALSHAN TIME 240 (W,B) Mrs L Young 6-10-4
2-1 Irish Thistle, 3-1 Daveron, 7-2 Never Learn, 11-2 Kavanaghs Corner, 10-1
Holeinthewall Bar, Kahdian, 100-1 Valshan Time.
5.30
Novices' Hunters' Chase
(�872: 3m 54y) (9)
1 63U30 BOHEMIAN RHAPSODY 23F (P) M Hampton 9-11-10
Mr C Todd (7)
2 -635P BRANDY AND RED 79P P Rogers 9-11-10 Mr J Newman (3)
3 23623 CREATIVE INERTA 23P (T) B Clarke 8-11-10 Mr D Andrews (7)
4 P4-41 HERBERT PARK 51P (C,D) R Alford 8-11-10 Mr R Dingle (7)
5 P-P5P STRONG CONVICTION 23P (T) J Cole 8-11-10 Mr B Jones (7)
6 F134U THEREYARSEE 17P (T) Mrs S Alner 9-11-10
Mr L Williams (3)
7 P-253 UNCLE JIMMY 25 (D) Miss B Childs 11-11-10 Mr N Lawton (7)
8 30420 VARENE DE VAUZELLE 23P (P) B Lund 9-11-10 Mr J King
Mr W Biddick
9 25113 PALMARIA 23P (H) Mrs C Keevil 8-11-3
1-3 Herbert Park, 10-1 Uncle Jimmy, 12-1 Palmaria, 14-1 others.
Blinkered first time: Exeter 3.45 The Mighty Ash.
4.55 Valshan Time. Newmarket 5.20 Stamp Hill.
Fixtures
Kick-off 7.45 unless stated
Football
Premier League: Brighton v Tottenham.
Sky Bet League One: Bradford v Portsmouth;
Doncaster v Bury; Gillingham v Rotherham;
Rochdale v Oldham; Shrewsbury v Charlton;
Wigan v Oxford.
Sky Bet League Two: Accrington v Yeovil;
Exeter v Chesterfield; Lincoln v Wycombe.
Vanarama National League: Aldershot v
Gateshead; Bromley v Dag and Red; Dover v
Tranmere; Eastleigh v Ebbsfleet; Guiseley v
Barrow; Hartlepool v Leyton Orient;
Maidenhead v Sutton.
National League North: Blyth Spartans v
Telford; Boston v Harrogate; Brackley v
Bradford PA; Chorley v Stockport; FC Utd of
Manchester v York; North Ferriby v
Gainsborough;
Southport
v
Salford;
Spennymoor v Kidderminster.
National League South: Braintree v
Whitehawk; Concord Rangers v Bognor Regis;
East Thurrock v Dartford; Gloucester v St
Albans; Poole v Hampton and Richmond; Truro
v Hungerford.
Ladbrokes Scottish Championship: Brechin
v Dundee Utd; Dumbarton v Inverness; St
Mirren v Falkirk. League Two: Berwick v
Stenhousemuir.
Rugby union
Greene King IPA Championship: Yorkshire
Carnegie v Ealing Trailfinders.
Principality Welsh Premiership: Newport v
Bargoed (7.15); Cross Keys v Llandovery (7.30).
60
1G M
Tuesday April 17 2018 | the times
Sport
Missed opportunity for Australia
to rediscover its moral compass
Jingoism and hollering
from the home nation
drowned out the many
pluses at these Games,
writes Rick Broadbent
For a country still lamenting the fall
from grace of its cricketing stars, the fall
of Callum Hawkins may be a sign of
how far Australia has left to run.
Could we have expected Michael
Shelley, an Australian on the cusp of
marathon gold in the Commonwealth
Games, to stop and help the Scot as he
was lying in the gutter, his distress vivid
and frightening? Probably not in the
modern age, but Sport Australia?s Hall
of Fame named a similar scenario as the
greatest moment of the 20th century.
It came in 1956 when John Landy, the
great rival of Sir Roger Bannister,
stopped during the mile race at the
Australian National Championships
and went back to help the fallen Ron
Clarke. Other runners overtook them
but Landy wanted to make sure that his
sporting foe was not seriously hurt and,
on getting the nod, caught the rest and
won. A statue immortalising ?Sportsmanship? stands at Melbourne Park.
These Games have produced some
low-grade fare and high-class sport,
topped off at home by the netball
final. There has been a significant
push for equality and some worrying
mismatches. Enduring memories,
though, will be tainted by the rampant
jingoism of the host broadcasters and
an unbridled desire to thrash everybody out of sight. Those who think
that the BBC sports staff are cheerleaders should try these pompoms.
?Tosser? was the word one writer here
used to describe a BBC man who asked
a question bereft of sycophancy.
Of course, Britain can do backslapping nationalism, too, but Channel
Seven has treated these Games much
like a national championship, with
other countries all but airbrushed out
by endless ?Aussie medal alerts?. There
have been lots. Australia pipped
England by 62 medals in the table with
third-placed India 132 adrift. This
unevenness highlights a fundamental
problem with the Commonwealth
Games. They matter far more to hosts
than anyone else.
Australian athletes, understandably,
have been dreaming about striking gold
on home soil for years. Meanwhile,
Adam Peaty, possibly Britain?s greatest
ever swimmer, was beaten for the first
time in four years, but did not sound
remotely bothered. It is a warm-up for
more important championships ahead.
The Brownlee brothers looked as
though they were over disappointing
TRACEY NEARMY/EPA; ALAMY
Commonwealth Games 2018
Australian National
Championships 1956
Shelley did not channel the spirit of Landy, inset, at a Games that have not always struck the right note
lt in
i the triathlon by lunchtime on
results
opening day.
David Grevemberg, the chief executive of the Commonwealth Games
Federation, admitted that it is hard to
fix this problem. ?For the northern
hemisphere this time of year is very
difficult because it is the beginning of
the season,? he told The Times. ?The
southern hemisphere teams have done
well and we need to take a look at it.?
What can they do? In athletics the
Games are destined to come too early
or clash with the European Championships, depending on hemispheres.
Grevemberg can talk of making the
superpowers compete for slots rather
getting them based on past participa-
t
tion,
but Australia, a
n
nation
that won three
g
gold
swimming medals
a the Rio Olympics in
at
2
2016,
won 28 here. The
d
depth
of some of the
c
competition
was shown
e
early
when Taylah Robe
ertson
won a medal for
d
doing
nothing ? a bye
a a boxing bronze.
and
Lord Coe, the IAAF
presid t tried
i to paint a rosy picture,
president,
but sounded a bit like someone trying to
talk up the cheese tent at a wet carnival.
?Not a bad turnout,? he said of the athletics. Some of the overseas talent was
?not bad?. Ultimately, he conceded, as
though invoking the spirit of Dad?s
Army rather than a brave new world,
you have ?been watching people who
are, in a large part, undercooked?.
There was a lot of good stuff: Australia?s performance; the equal number of
medals for men and women; the inclusion of para-sport; an eclecticism that
more insular sports struggle with. Most
of those sports denied Olympic status
? squash and netball ? thrived.
Grevemberg is an enterprising
administrator but the trouble with the
Commonwealth Games is shown by
the lack of cities that want them.
Durban was stripped of hosting in 2022
because it could not handle the costs,
and Australia is now being talked up as
the host again, in Perth in 2026 after
Birmingham?s go in four years? time.
Thousands of locals have fled the
Gold Coast so it is hard to gauge the
collective response to the cricketing
scandal, but some research suggests
that Australia has long been falling out
with sport. Last year a study found that
tennis had lost 250,000 regular players
since 2001. Netball, the most watched
women?s sport in Australia, was down
10 per cent in participation numbers.
After London 2012, Australia introduced the Winning Edge strategy, which
effectively directed funds to those with
the best medal chances. In Rio it was
deemed a failure. The triumphalism
here needs context. Most countries have
treated this fortnight as a Commonwealth Games, but Channel Seven
thinks it is an Olympics with bells on.
The fate of Hawkins, now recovered
and well, was a shocking ending. It was
wrong that a volunteer took a photo,
wrong that the medics took too long to
get there, wrong that Games chiefs
failed to understand the duty of care to
protect an athlete from himself.
And Shelley? You can?t really blame
him, and Robbie Simpson, another
Scot, kept on running too. But it would
have been the moment. ?You see these
moments in time where an athlete
helps someone, like a Brownlee
[Alistair] helping his brother [Jonny] off
the floor because he is completely
wrecked,? Grevemberg said. ?Can we
really expect an athlete to do that? We
would hope they show that care and
empathy, but you can?t script that.?
There were some Australians who
realised that it is not all about winning,
not here and not now. Three runners
waited on the track for several minutes
until the final athlete in the 10,000m,
Lineo Chaka, of Lesotho, finished. Celia
Sullohern, one of that trio, said: ?It was
lovely to stand there and show what I
hope was a bit of Aussie sportsmanship.? It was. They got the bigger picture. So, too, did Kurt Fearnley, a great
bloke and a brilliant wheelchair racer.
His message to the next generation
wearing green and gold? ?Err on the
side of kindness,? he said, thus recalling
the days of Landy and creating a slogan
for a more thoughtful sporting nation.
Netball chiefs press claims for future Olympic inclusion
Martyn Ziegler Chief Sports Reporter
Netball?s leading figures will hold talks
with the IOC this week about the
sport?s inclusion in future Olympics
after its success in the Commonwealth
Games, which ended with England?s
dramatic victory over Australia.
The International Netball Federation (INF) is recognised by the IOC and
receives some funding from it but has
previously failed in attempts to be
included on the programme for the
Games despite having 20 million
players worldwide.
Clare Briegal, the INF chief executive, said that she will hold talks with
the IOC at this week?s SportAccord
conference in Bangkok. The sport has
already met organisers of the Los
Angeles 2028 Games who showed
interest in the five-a-side format.
?We have just had our most successful competition in living memory at the
Commonwealth Games and it?s
wonderful when everyone turns
around and says why aren?t you in
the Olympic Games,? she told
The Times.
?Absolutely it is an ambition,
but it is a stretch target and we
are not that close at the
moment. But what we are doing to
grow our sport is also what the IOC
wants to see for Olympic sports.?
The IOC?s guidance for prospecHelen Housby, left, enjoys winning
gold for England with Jo Harten
tive sports is that they
should demonstrate
?universality and gender
balance?, something that
netball struggles with.
It is also far more
popular in Commonwealth countries than the rest of
the world.
?We don?t see it
as the biggest
obstacle,? Briegal
added. ?They are comfortable where
netball is because the sporting world is
not equal and it gives girls and women
the opportunity to play sport in countries where that might not otherwise be
possible.?
Briegal said the INF was encouraging
boys and men to play, in separate and
mixed-sex events. The federation is
also investing in programmes to
encourage netball?s development in
Latin America and French-speaking
Africa.
the times | Tuesday April 17 2018
61
1G M
Sport
Owen Slot
Rugby Writer of the Year
Reserve league
farce highlights
Anglo-Irish gulf
T
he latest news, last night, was that
Gloucester?s A League game against
Harlequins had to be cancelled
because Gloucester were short on fully
fit front-row forwards. If you had been
watching this space, the cancellation would not
have surprised you. Not remotely.
Gloucester United, the club?s second XV, are
also yet to fulfil their fixture against Saracens
Storm that was postponed two weeks ago. They
completed their match against Bath last
Monday but only after they had borrowed a pair
of front rowers from Cinderford, the nearby club
in National League Two South.
This isn?t a column about a Gloucester player
shortage though. It is about a shortage
throughout the A League. More to the point, it
is about one of the more epic pieces of
management failures in the 20 years since the
game went professional. The A League has been
an embarrassment, nothing but.
Before yesterday?s cancellation there had been
66 games in the A League. Of those 66, five had
been cancelled and 31 had been postponed. In
other words, there was more chance that a game
would be off than on.
In an effort to fulfil these fixtures clubs found
themselves having to recruit players who didn?t
play for them. Gloucester recruiting from
Cinderford was no rarity. Professional clubs
would be ringing round amateur players, asking
them if they fancied a game. Some clubs have
been so short on numbers that only about half
of the players that represented them in A
League games were their players. To make up
numbers, one club had to stick one of their press
officers on the bench.
Yes, this is embarrassing. A bit of a joke. The
scorelines are not much better.
Wasps beat Sale Jets 70-12, but Northampton
Wanderers beat Wasps 75-26. There are huge
disparities here, massive thrashings every week
according to who has strength in depth and who
is short and having to phone round to fill a
team.
The most damning aspect of it all is that the
senior games in the Aviva Premiership are
played at the weekend and A League games are
often on a Monday and large numbers of players
have been asked to double up; Saturday and
Monday. More often than not, they have been a
replacement in one game and then played in the
other. How many times has this happened?
More than 200 times this season. Is this
really a game that cares about welfare?
Should two games in three days even be
legal? How and why has this nonsense been
allowed to happen?
At this point, rewind a fortnight, to the
Wellington Festival, an annual convention of
the best up-and-coming players in England. I
attended one day and it looked brilliant: 420
under-16 boys, handpicked by their academies,
in residence for a five-day camp.
Until last year, this was a largely competitive
event because a squad would be picked at the
end of it to form the England Under-16 side: the
youngest England age-grade team. Yet the
development specialists scrapped this; they
concluded that being the best 16-year-old was
not an indicator of whether you would develop
into a senior England player.
So they changed it. The festival is now all
about development. A lot of work had been
done forecasting how the game will change and
encouraging the boys to play to it. In the future,
the boys were informed, there will be greater
ball-in-play time, more switches from attack to
defence and back again, it will be less formulaic,
more adaptability is required ? at least that was
the thinking and game rules were continually
changing to force the boys to think fast and play
to them.
Impressive? Yes. Do England develop
successful teams at under-18 and under-20
levels? This hasn?t been a great year, but on the
whole, yes.
The question, though, is what happens next?
After going through the age grades, the
development process must continue and that
happens largely through playing. The more
games you play, the more decisions you have to
make, the better you develop.
This, however, is where too many players stall.
They go through the development system and
hope to play in the big boys? games with their
professional clubs, but the clubs feel they are not
ready yet, or they are loathe to take a chance.
Either way, the bright young players stop getting
enough game time.
In the Six Nations, the eye-catching
breakthrough players were all Irish: James Ryan,
Dan Leavy and Jordan Larmour. And just when
it seems that England?s youngsters are falling
behind, the Celts are about to take another step
forward. They too realise that another
Leavy was among the
breakthrough players of
this season?s Six Nations,
all of whom were Irish.
Just when it seems that
England youngsters are
taking a step backwards,
the Celts are about to take
another forward with a
Pro14 under-23 competition
launching next season
development level is required so a Pro14
under-23 competition will begin next
season. Good idea.
What has long happened in
England is the best young players at
the Premiership clubs are loaned
to local clubs in the
Championship or even lower.
Sam Simmonds, for instance,
was allowed to learn and
mature at Cornish Pirates
before Exeter Chiefs felt that
he was ready for the top tier.
Simmonds is proof that this
can work.
So last year, the RFU tried
to encourage more of this by
formalising the concept of
dual-registered players. That
was a good idea too, but the
Premiership clubs responded
with one of their own: an
expanded A League, more
games for the up-and-comers,
more opportunity. This was also
a decent idea; in practice it has
been a disaster.
Apart from Exeter, the clubs
are all losing money. At the
same time, players? wages are
rising and the salary cap is not,
and so the result is that squad
sizes are being reduced. At the
very time when squad sizes are
getting smaller, the clubs
suddenly decided they could
run two teams regularly
rather than one.
Two teams require more
players, more coaches, more
physios, more doctors, more
money, and means more
debt. And, thus far, more
cancelled games for the
very players who need
them.
Can the A League work? If
you are Exeter, then yes. As
with so much, Exeter are
the model club. They have
the advantage of a huge
recruiting area, a rugby
heartland with no
Premiership rivals close by.
They therefore get lots of talent
and they farm it well. Last week,
they announced the biggest ever
intake of academy boys to be
given professional contracts; they
took 13, most clubs each year take
three or four. If all the clubs can
follow the model, then the
expanded A League could work.
If only.
The A League? More dual
registrations? An under-23
competition like the Pro14? They all
have their pros and cons. One of them
needs to be made to work. For now, the
clubs have a responsibility to address
reality and acknowledge that the A
League does not.
Bristol rebrand as Bears in victory for the marketing team
Owen Slot Chief Rugby Correspondent
Bristol Rugby have been sweeping all
before them in the Greene King Championship this season and yesterday they
were able to announce another, less expected victory: one for the marketing
team. In life?s modern contest between
traditionalists and the branding specialists, this was a crushing victory for
the latter when the news broke that,
from June 1, the club would be known as
Bristol Bears.
As Mark Regan, one of the club?s
most loyal and best-known former
England players, said: ?Let?s hope it?s a
grizzly and not a teddy.?
Indeed, there will undoubtedly be
some mirth at Bristol?s expense,
although professional sport has long
been packaged and then repackaged
with new names, badges and mottos,
many of them with animal associations,
in the eternal drive to sell tickets.
English top-flight rugby has Sharks
and Tigers, among others. The Bristol
Bear Fiesta happens to be a gay festival
weekend that has been held every
summer since 2003, but that will cause
merely a minor, temporary confusion.
Bristol are one of England?s oldest
clubs, they have a 130-year history, but
in explaining their decision, the club
acknowledged that they had been
losing some ground and support to
local rivals, Bath and Exeter (who are
More grunt: the Bristol club crest, left,
will be replaced with that of a bear
the Chiefs). According to Steve Lansdown, the club owner: ?We have to be
prepared to break the mould and be
relentless in driving the progression of
this rugby club. In a challenging
market, in order to attract investment
and new audiences, we must be brave in
our vision.?
Rumours were rife yesterday that
Gloucester were about to follow suit
and rebrand themselves as the Gloucester Lions. A spokesperson said that
this was not true and that the club were
not about to change their name, whatever the animal anyone had in mind.
6 Paddy Jackson and Stuart Olding
will never play for Ulster or Ireland
again, Shane Logan, the chief executive
of Ulster Rugby, said yesterday. The
players were sacked on Saturday after
being acquitted of rape charges. ?The
decision has been taken,? Logan said.
?It is a joint Irish and Ulster rugby decision. The position is clear. [The return
of Jackson and Olding to Ulster and
Ireland] is not something that we are
envisaging.? He added that it was ?absolutely not the case? that Ulster Rugby
had caved into sponsors? demands to
sack the pair.
62
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Tuesday April 17 2018 | the times
Sport Football
Carroll rescue act
after Hart hands
out gift to Stoke
West Ham
Carroll 90
Stoke City
Crouch 79
1
0
2
1
Premier League
Alyson Rudd
It was a tale of old hands, big strikers
who started on the bench and only
came on to the pitch as their managers
felt desperate measures were needed.
In this topsy-turvy nervy season it was
left to players who have seen it all, who
know how to take their chances under
pressure to save face. This was a tiresome contest enlivened by the knowhow of Peter Crouch and Andy Carroll.
Stoke City thought they had grasped
their first away victory since October
after Crouch?s stabbed goal past Joe
Hart. The 79th-minute goal came
against the run of second-half play and
after West Ham had seen two efforts
ruled offside and had peppered the
Stoke goal with half-chance after
half-chance, as they won free kick upon
free kick.
It looked set to leave David Moyes?s
team back in trouble as the tail-end of
the Premier League continues to
change in complexion with each pass-
exclusive to members
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ing fixture. Or should that be with each
passing minute, for Carroll came to the
rescue in the 90th minute to volley in
an equaliser from the edge of the area
from a cross by the excellent Aaron
Cresswell.
Before kick-off Karren Brady, vicechairman of West Ham, somewhat
clumsily ? or maybe presciently ?
plugged on Twitter her new ITV show,
Give It A Year, which aired at the same
time as this game.
The supporters were unimpressed by
the gaffe but then they were also unimpressed with much of the fare at the
London Stadium. No one who had been
giving football a miss for a year would
have been left wondering whether
these teams were in danger of relegation or not.
The madness of the managerial merry-go-round had worked in Stoke?s
favour when Mark Hughes, sacked by
the club at the start of the year and since
hired by Southampton, failed to pull his
new club away from Paul Lambert?s
side at the foot of the table on Saturday,
in spite of taking a two-goal lead
against Chelsea. That defeat on the
south coast meant that Stoke could
hang out for a bit longer with the hopeful gang, rather than be sat in the corner
with West Bromwich Albion.
Xherdan Shaqiri has said he is hampered by the lack of quality around him
? ?even a Ronaldinho could do little in
this team,? he told a Swiss magazine ?
Fans were not impressed with Brady?s
tweet about her TV show yesterday
How they stand
P W
Man City (C) ..... 33 28
Man United........33 22
Liverpool............34 20
Tottenham ........33 20
Chelsea................33 18
Arsenal.................33 16
Burnley.................33 14
Leicester..............33 11
Everton................34 11
Newcastle...........33 11
Bournemouth..34 9
Watford................34 10
Brighton..............33 8
West Ham...........33 8
Huddersfield....34 9
Crystal Palace..34 8
Swansea..............33 8
Southampton...33 5
Stoke.....................34 6
West Brom.........34 4
D
3
5
10
7
6
6
10
10
9
8
11
7
11
11
8
10
9
13
10
12
L
2
6
4
6
9
11
9
12
14
14
14
17
14
14
17
16
16
15
18
18
F A GDPts
93 25 68 87
63 26 37 71
78 35 43 70
65 30 35 67
57 33 24 60
62 45 17 54
33 29 4 52
49 47 2 43
39 54 -15 42
35 42 -7 41
41 56 -15 38
42 60 -18 37
31 46 -15 35
41 59 -18 35
27 54 -27 35
36 54 -18 34
27 46 -19 33
33 53 -20 28
31 64 -33 28
27 52 -25 24
The relegation run-in
13th Brighton & Hove Albion 35pts
Today: H v Tottenham. Apr 28: A v Burnley.
May 4: H v Man Utd. May 9: A v Man City. May
13: A v Liverpool
14th West Ham United 35pts
Sunday: A v Arsenal. Apr 29: H v Man City. May
5: A v Leicester. May 10: H v Man Utd. May 13:
H v Everton.
15th Huddersfield Town 35pts
Apr 28: H v Everton. May 6: A v Man City. May
9: A v Chelsea. May 13: H v Arsenal
16th Crystal Palace 34pts
Saturday: A v Watford. Apr 28 H v Leicester.
May 5: A v Stoke City. May 13: H v West Brom.
17th Swansea City 33pts
Sunday: A v Man City. Apr 28: H v Chelsea. May
5: A v Bournemouth. May 8: H v Southampton.
May 13: H v Stoke.
18th Southampton 28pts
Thursday: A v Leicester. Apr 28: H v
Bournemouth. May 5: A v Everton. May 8: A v
Swansea. May 13: H v Man City.
19th Stoke City 28pts
Sunday: H v Burnley. Apr 28: A v Liverpool. May
5: H v Crystal Palace. May 13: A v Swansea.
20th West Bromwich Albion 24pts
Saturday: H v Liverpool. Apr 28: A v Newcastle.
May 5: H v Tottenham. May 13: A v Crystal
Palace.
but the Switzerland international has
not given up trying to be influential,
and offered his side a dash of vision
which led to a few early half-chances,
the best of which saw Joe Hart save
comfortably from Moritz Bauer.
However, a poor free kick by Shaqiri
set a West Ham counterattack in motion, which his team-mates did well to
snuff out. Towards the end of the first
half he delivered an elegant long pass to
Ramadan Sobhi, who failed to summon
the necessary composure to make use
of it. This, perhaps, was the perfect vignette for his disillusionment.
West Ham?s first good opening came
courtesy of a Cresswell free kick, which
Jack Butland only just saw in time. A
scuffed shot by Marko Arnautovic was
followed by a more cleanly struck one
from Stoke?s Mame Biram Diouf, but
again Hart was unruffled. Butland then
saved with his chest a fiercer strike by
Arnautovic.
Shouts of ?shoot? from the home
supporters were not an homage to a
particular player?s prowess from distance but more a cry of distress from
the bored and those who were slowly
giving up on their team finding consecutive passes to conjure a smart opening.
The second half began with an inviting looping cross from Pablo Zabaleta
that evaded Butland and was cleared by
Kurt Zouma before it could inflict damage, and then a Cresswell cross was
nonchalantly met by Arnautovic who
perhaps took his manager?s pre-match
comment that he resembles Zlatan
Ibrahimovic too literally. Had the Austrian been a dash less relaxed he might
have stayed onside and his header past
Butland would have counted.
Gareth Southgate, the England manager, was in the stands and perhaps
more enthralled than most as both
Hart and Butland displayed calm maturity, with the latter plucking a dangerously deflected ball out of the air with
authority. Cresswell?s delivery was
threatening and Ryan Shawcross did
well to clear a fizzing pass across the
face of goal from the defender.
The home side had a second effort
ruled offside when Edimilson Fernandes turned to celebrate his shot from
distance beating Butland but Arnautovic was stood directly in front of the
goalkeeper, clearly offside, and made a
flicking action at the ball.
Another composed Cresswell free
kick brought a fine save as Moyes?s side
began to exert more sustained pressure,
which in turn led Lambert to bring Peter Crouch off the bench.
It proved a masterstroke. The tall
striker?s first meaningful involvement
was to give the visitors the lead. It was a
goal perhaps inevitably set up by Shaqiri, who took his time with a lay-off from
Joe Allen to squeeze in a strike that
Hart really should have held on to, but
the England goalkeeper fumbled the
ball, allowing Crouch to pounce in an
gangly but highly effective manner.
Javier Hern醤dez came off the bench
for West Ham, tumbled into Bruno
Martins Indi and looked for a penalty
but Michael Oliver, the referee, was not
the least fooled.
Carroll then struck with a fierce leftfooted volley, and West Ham thought
they had grabbed a late winner but a
Hern醤dez strike was ruled offside
after Oliver spotted a foul by Carroll on
Shawcross.
West Ham United (3-5-1-1) J Hart 5 ? D Rice 6,
A Ogbonna 5, A Cresswell 7 ? P Zabaleta 6, M Noble 5,
C Kouyat� 5, E Fernandes 6 (sub: J Hern醤dez 77min),
A Masuaku 5 (sub: M Lanzini 81) ? Jo鉶 M醨io 5
(sub: A Carroll 86) ? M Arnautovic 6. Substitutes
not used Adri醤, J Hugill, P Evra, J Cullen. Booked
Cresswell, Kouyat�.
Stoke City (4-4-1-1) J Butland 6 ? K Zouma 6,
R Shawcross 6, B Martins Indi 5, E Pieters 5 ? M Bauer
5 (sub: P Crouch 70, 7), B Ndiaye 5, J Allen 6 ? R Sobhi
5 (sub: G Cameron 62, 5) ? X Shaqiri 6 ? MB Diouf 5
(sub: S Ireland 87). Substitutes not used L Grant,
D Fletcher, T Campbell, L Sorenson. Booked Martins
Indi, Crouch, Ndiaye.
Referee M Oliver Attendance 56,795.
Crouch pounces to open the scoring for Stoke at the London Stadium last night
Tony Cascarino?s
talking points
Oliver calm and composed on his return
I?m glad that Michael Oliver returned
to action last night so soon after that
traumatic game in the Bernab閡 last
week. The Englishman will
probably have wanted to get back
to refereeing as quickly as possible
so he can start to erase the
memory of that Champions
League game, when he gave
Real Madrid what proved a
decisive stoppage-time penalty
and sent off Gianluigi Buffon
for dissent, with the Juventus
goalkeeper laying into him in
post-match interviews. I?ve
always liked Oliver. He?s one
of our better referees and, at
33, is likely to get even better. My
concern is that he may be sidelined
by Uefa and Fifa because they don?t
tend to like referees who make such
big calls, especially given that the
controversy increased when he sent
off such a famous goalkeeper. That
is unfair on Oliver, of course, but at
least the Premier League showed its
b
backing
by allowing him to take
charge last night. I thought he
g
generally
controlled a scrappy, foulfilled match really well. I did
t
think
Andy Carroll should have
had a late penalty when Ryan
Shawcross had his arms all over
h
him,
although it was not clear-cut.
the times | Tuesday April 17 2018
63
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Sport
ALEX GRIMM/BONGARTS/GETTY IMAGES; KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS; BT SPORT
DAVID KLEIN/REUTERS
44
Peter Crouch has 44
goals for Stoke in the
Premier League, more
than any other player
(Jonathan Walters
next on 43)
VAR calls
players
back from
dressing
room for
penalty
1
2
T
he video assistant
referee (VAR)
system came
under fresh scrutiny
last night when a team
had to be summoned
back from the dressing
room at half-time to
face a penalty.
Guido Winkmann,
the referee in the
Bundesliga relegation
battle between Mainz
and Freiburg at the
Opel Arena, had blown
for the interval when
he was alerted by the
VAR to a handball in
the Freiburg area.
After checking his
monitor, Winkmann
agreed with the penalty
award and had to tell
the players to return
to the pitch, where
Pablo de Blasis beat
Alexander Schwolow
from the spot to give
Mainz the lead. The
process had taken
seven minutes. Mainz
won the game 2-0.
The Premier League
agreed last week to
delay the introduction
of the system for at
least another season,
but it will be used at
the World Cup finals in
Russia this summer.
3
4
Winkmann,
the referee,
calls the
players back
(1) after the
handball (2)
relayed to
him (3) by
the VAR. De
Blasis scored
from the
spot for
Mainz (4)
Europe will fight Qatar 2022 expansion
Martyn Ziegler Chief Sports Reporter
after Hart, the West Ham goalkeeper, had failed to hold a shot from Shaqiri
Assured Butland
Lambert loses nerve
When Joe Hart
spilled Xherdan
Shaqiri?s shot to
allow Peter Crouch to
score for Stoke City, I
think he was pretty
much dropping his
chance of playing for
England at this summer?s
d
World Cup in Russia. It?s hard
to trust someone who fumbles
the ball as often as he does.
Hart has looked more
confident recently than at the
start of this season but he has
probably blown his chance of
being England?s No 1 in Russia.
At the other end was Jack
Butland, right, who gave an
assured display for Stoke City. He
is a complete goalkeeper who rarely
makes mistakes and I would select
him ahead of Everton?s Jordan
Pickford.
I was hugely critical of Aston Villa?s
cautious approach under Paul
Lambert when they were fighting
relegation and Stoke City have
been similarly impotent with
the same manager in charge.
T team had scored only seven
The
goals in the Scot?s ten league
games in charge before last
night and they seldom looked
llike scoring in the first half
b
before at last becoming more
adventurous after the break and
substitute Peter Crouch looked
to have won them three points
b
before
Andy Carroll?s late
equaliser. I remember Lambert
w
was a breath of fresh air when
his Norwich City team played
bravely on the front
foot in 2011-12 and
h needs to employ
he
tthat policy if Stoke are
tto survive.
Europe?s top leagues will fight
proposals to expand the 2022 World
Cup in Qatar from 32 to 48 teams.
Fifa has already decided to bring in
the expansion for 2026 but is now
considering doing so for 2022. To do
that, however, would mean extending
the length of the tournament, which is
being played in the winter to avoid the
extreme heat of the summer in Qatar.
Lars-Christer Olsson, president of
European Leagues, the umbrella group
for the continent?s professional leagues,
said that leagues had already made big
concessions to move the tournament to
the winter. The Premier League is also
set to oppose the expansion move.
Fifa had previously agreed that the
2022 tournament will be played from
November 21 to December 18 to minimise disruption to domestic competitions. An expansion to 48 teams will
mean 80 matches instead of 64.
Olsson, who is also on Uefa?s executive committee, told The Times: ?We are
not prepared to make any changes on
the calendar for expanding the 2022
World Cup. We have already been flexible to allow the World Cup to be played
in the winter and have agreed dates.?
Olsson is also unhappy about Gianni
Infantino?s plans for a 24-team Club
World Cup, which the Fifa president
hopes will be a big money-spinner compared to the present eight-team format.
?We have serious reservations about
Rodriguez hits back at Bong
Steve Madeley
Jay Rodriguez has criticised the Brighton & Hove Albion defender Ga雝an
Bong for a ?serious and damaging slur?
over the allegations of racism against
the West Bromwich Albion forward.
Rodriguez, who avoided punishment
by an independent commission after
being charged by the FA with using
racist language, blamed Bong for going
public with his allegations before the
evidence had been heard. Bong claimed
Rodriguez said ?You?re black and you
stink? at The Hawthorns in January but
the commission last week found the
allegation was ?not proven?.
Rodriguez last night issued a statement on Twitter. It read: ?It has been a
difficult and strained period for me and
my family because this allegation
brought a serious and damaging slur on
my character. It has been equally difficult to remain silent throughout the FA
process but I do wish to express firstly
my relief that I have been exonerated
and secondly my support for the fight
against racism. I have maintained my
innocence from the moment Ga雝an
Bong made the allegation.
?I bear him no ill will but I was disappointed that he chose to publicly
condemn me on the platforms of open
media before the evidence had been
presented to an independent tribunal. I
did not use any language that alluded to
race and I can only repeat my view that
Ga雝an misheard our exchange.?
that too,? Olsson said. ?Fifa seems to be
on an expansion drive. It?s time people
thought about players, they need time
to rest. It cannot just be money deciding
how football should be organised.?
Fifa?s Congress is set to decide on the
2022 expansion proposal in June.
Some senior Fifa figures have misgivings over expanding a tournament just
four years away. Apart from the effect
on clubs and leagues, there will be the
demand on Qatar to find training facilities for 16 extra teams and it may be the
only option would be to share the tournament with neighbouring countries.
Speaking last week, Infantino called
the expansion ?interesting? and added:
?We have to study it seriously and if it is
possible, why not??
Alexander-Arnold
earns new deal
Paul Joyce
Trent Alexander-Arnold?s impressive
progress at Liverpool has been
rewarded after he triggered a lucrative
pay rise.
The 19-year-old right back, who has
underlined his precocious talent with a
series of eye-catching performances for
J黵gen Klopp?s side in recent weeks,
signed a five-year deal last July with a
series of incentives built in.
Appearance-related clauses were
linked to pay rises and it is understood
that the latest one was activated by his
30th senior game ? the 2-0 victory
over Southampton in February. He
now earns about �,000 a week.
64
2G M
Tuesday April 17 2018 | the times
Sport Football
Big clubs could
be hit with tax
on wage bills
ed the Manchester clubs, Liverpool,
Chelsea, Arsenal and Tottenham
Hotspur when the matter was last
Matt Hughes
formally discussed in October, but the
Deputy Football Correspondent
?big six? require 14 votes out of 20 to
The Premier League?s biggest spenders make the change and have yet to gain
could be asked to pay a so-called luxury any additional backers.
tax based on their wage bill in return for
The ?luxury tax? proposal that is
receiving a greater share of income gaining traction would involve all clubs
from overseas TV rights under plans who spend more than a certain figure
discussed by smaller top-flight clubs.
on wages paying a percentage of their
The Times has learnt that an NBA- spending on player salaries above that
style tax on spending is one of a number amount into a central pot. This would
of potential compromise solutions then be redistributed to those who do
being worked on by clubs who are not exceed the pre-agreed limit.
concerned about losing revenue. These
The Premier League already enforclubs are worried about their ability to ces spending controls by preventing
compete if the Premier League?s ?big clubs from raising their wage bills by
six? succeed in introducing a more than �million each season, but
performance-related element to the the differential remains vast. Manchesdistribution of overseas TV money, ter United?s wage bill was �4 million
which will be discussed at their
for the 2016-17 season compared
annual meeting in June.
with Burnley?s � million.
The mood among the 11
Many of the smaller clubs
clubs, who effectively
fear this gap will increase if
vetoed a proposal to allothe ?big six? gain a greater
cate 35 per cent of the next
share of TV income.
Percentage increase
overseas TV deal (from predicted for foreign TV
Under the present
2019) according to league
overseas TV deal, all clubs
rights to Premier
position, remains vehe- League in next deal, receive � million each
mently opposed to the idea,
season. If the new system
from present
but there is a growing acceptwere in operation the title
�billion
ance that a compromise agreewinners would get � million,
ment may be necessary to preserve the compared with � million for the club
collective selling of TV rights.
finishing bottom. Every club finishing
The reduction in the value of the UK below 13th would be worse off.
TV rights agreed last month for the
Domestic TV money is divided based
2019 to 2022 seasons has increased the on league position and the ?big six?
importance of the overseas rights. Five want to use a similar model for the
of the seven packages sold for overseas rights, arguing that their pop�464 billion, a �0 million drop from ularity abroad has driven up its value.
the existing deal and the other two
Premier League sources insist they
remain unsold.
are not supporting the ?big six? and
In contrast, the overseas rights are Scudamore?s concern is to preserve the
projected to grow by up to 40 per cent, collective bargaining approach that has
from �billion, over the same three- underpinned the league?s huge growth.
year cycle, taking them close to the
The negotiating position of the ?big
value of the domestic deal.
six? is understood to be based on the
Richard Scudamore, the Premier threat that when the next TV deal is reLeague executive chairman, told the newed in 2021, they will seek to sell the
clubs last Friday that he wants the issue rights individually, as is commonplace
resolved this summer. Everton, Leices- in Europe, which would have major
ter City and West Ham United support- implications for the smaller clubs.
exclusive
40
DAVID DAVIES/PA
Most mistakes
leading to a
goal
Premier
League only
6
Petr Cech
(Arsenal)
5
Hugo Lloris
(Tottenham)
Asmir Begovic
(Bournemouth)
Accident prone:
Lloris handed
Stoke?s Diouf
his equaliser
ten days ago
Costly errors put Lloris under the spotlight
Gary Jacob
There has been a good deal of worrying
about Hugo Lloris of late, here and in
France, even if his Tottenham Hotspur
manager yesterday described him as
one of the best goalkeepers in the world.
Horrible mistakes and indecision
against Manchester City on Saturday
followed costly clangers in other recent
games and it has been a mixed season
for the Spurs captain.
Lloris is going through a rough patch
or starting to show signs of decline.
Both are a concern when Tottenham
play Manchester United in the FA Cup
semi-final on Saturday. Suddenly it
looks a more significant decision
whether Mauricio Pochettino takes the
same approach to last season?s FA Cup
semi-final, when he started Lloris
against Chelsea despite Michel Vorm
playing in the previous rounds.
Pochettino counts Lloris as one of
his favourite players, his captain, one of
the most vocal in the dressing room and
the 31-year-old is the squad?s joint-top
THE HOME OF LIVE FOOTBALL
EXCLUSIVE COMMENTARIES
earner, on about �0,000 a week
alongside Harry Kane, reflecting his
status and importance inside the club.
Lloris has made five mistakes that
have led directly to league goals this
season, and the statisticians did not
attribute either mistake to him in the
3-1 defeat by City. He made just two
costly errors last season and three in the
campaign before. Tottenham have
also conceded 30 league goals this
season, more than they did in the whole
of the 2016-17 campaign.
When he recklessly charged out of
his goal and scythed down Raheem
Sterling on Saturday, Lloris showed his
tendency to panic in one-on-one situations. It was a similar picture a week
earlier when he raced off his line to
clear a through ball and hammered it
straight at Mame Biram Diouf, who
equalised for Stoke City. And assessing
similar situations, he came out of his
goal and headed the ball against Leroy
San� who opened the scoring for City a
year ago.
Another of his weaknesses was high-
PREMIE
MIER
R LEAG
L EAGUE
UE
PREMIE
PRE
MIER
R LEAG
L EAGUE
UE
BOURNEMOUTH
LEICESTER CITY
V
1089/1053AM ? DAB Radio ? App ? talkSPORT.com
lighted a fortnight ago when he flapped
at a cross and 羖varo Morata nodded
Chelsea into the lead.
Lloris redeemed himself with saves,
and Tottenham won 3-1, but it was not
the only time that he has struggled with
crosses. He is relatively short for a goalkeeper, at 6ft 2in, and this counts
against him with high crosses. There
are 12 other goalkeepers in the top flight
who are more successful at claiming
high balls.
Despite the criticism of Lloris here
and in France ? where the media have
questioned his position in the team
before this summer?s World Cup ?
Pochettino argued that perspective is
needed. For example, only two other
goalkeepers have more clean sheets in
the league.
?Hugo is improving every season,?
Pochettino said. ?He is one of the best
?keepers in the world. But you know
the perception sometimes, you need to
respect the people?s perception. I don?t
know, because I don?t read [it]. But for
me Hugo is doing fantastic.?
V
MAN UNITED
SOUTHAMPTON
Exclusive coverage tomorrow
from 7pm on talkSPORT
Exclusive coverage Thursday
from 7pm on talkSPORT
the times | Tuesday April 17 2018
65
1G M
Sport
Why I rate City best of modern era
earn seven points and their Carabao
Cup triumph ? they beat Arsenal in
the final in February ? is rewarded
with three points.
Chelsea?s 2004-05 side notably
earned a maximum ten points for
their defensive record (they conceded
only 15 goals), while their League Cup
win and Champions League semiManchester City are on course to pip
final appearance in that season
Chelsea at the top of our table of the
brought them another four points in
greatest Premier League
this table.
champions. Many have
At the bottom of
suggested that City are the
our standings are
finest English team in the
Manchester
U
Premier League era, so we
United?s 1996-97
have devised a method
team, who won the
of addressing that
title despite
claim.
gathering
Rather than just
only 75
comparing points
league
tallies, we have also
points
assessed the attacks and defences of
?
each team to lift the Premier League
though
trophy as well as factoring in their
that
results in cup competitions in the
was
same season. The scoring system
still
eenou(top right) reflects league points,
ggh to
goals scored and conceded as well as
ssee
cup success, and Pep Guardiola?s
th
men, who clinched the title with
them
fini
five games to spare on Sunday,
finish seven
will edge out Jos� Mourinho?s
points clear at the
2004-05 Chelsea vintage as
top.
arguably the most accomplished
Arsenal?s
IInvincibles side of
Premier League side if they
22003-04 are widely
maintain their present rate
until the end of the campaign.
praised for
City are on course to gain a
remaining
remarkable 100 points, a
unbeaten in the
tally that has never been
league, but they are
achieved in the Premier
off the pace in our
League era, which
table: their tally of
would earn them a
90 points (they
maximum ten points
drew one third of
in that category in
their games) was
our table. Their
hardly
Guardiola?s side
projected 107 goals
exceptional, while
are on course to
ttheir goal tally (73)
would give them
reach 100 points,
eight points,
was fairly poor
which has never
while 29
and they did not
previously been
goals
reach a cup
done in the
conceded
final that
Premier League
would
season.
Bill Edgar
How it works
We awarded points
to each title winner
as follows
League points
100+.......................10pts
ie 10pts in our table
96-99...........................9pts
92-95............................8pts
88-91.............................7pts
84-87...........................6pts
80-83...........................5pts
76-79............................4pts
72-75.............................3pts
League goals scored
120+............................10pts
110-119..........................9pts
100-109.......................8pts
90-99...........................7pts
80-89...........................6pts
70-79............................5pts
60-69...........................4pts
Goals conceded
15 or fewer..............10pts
16-20............................9pts
21-25.............................8pts
26-30............................7pts
31-35.............................6pts
36-40...........................5pts
41-45.............................4pts
Cups
(FA Cup, League Cup
and leading
European trophies)
Win............................3pts
Runners-up...........2pts
Semi-final exit........1pt
2017-18 Manchester City*
League
points
10
Goals
scored
8
Goals
conceded
7
Other
trophies
3
Total
points
28
2004-05 Chelsea
8
5
10
4
27
2008-09 Manchester United
7
4
8
6
25
2006-07 Manchester United
7
6
7
3
23
2007-08 Manchester United
6
6
8
3
23
2009-10 Chelsea
6
8
6
3
23
2011-12 Manchester City
7
7
7
1
22
2013-14 Manchester City
6
8
5
3
22
2016-17 Chelsea
8
6
6
2
22
1993-94 Manchester United*
5
5
6
5
21
1998-99 Manchester United
4
6
5
6
21
2003-04 Arsenal
7
5
7
2
21
2005-06 Chelsea
7
5
8
1
21
2014-15 Chelsea
6
5
6
3
20
1995-96 Manchester United
5
5
6
3
19
2001-02 Arsenal
6
5
5
3
19
1997-98 Arsenal
4
4
6
4
18
1999-00 Manchester United
7
7
4
0
18
2002-03 Manchester United
5
5
6
2
18
2010-11 Manchester United
5
5
5
3
18
2012-13 Manchester United
7
6
4
0
17
1994-95 Blackburn
5
5
6
0
16
2000-01 Manchester United
5
5
6
0
16
1992-93 Manchester United*
2015-16 Leicester City
4
4
7
0
15
5
4
5
0
14
1996-97 Manchester United
3
5
4
1
13
*Tallies adjusted to a rate of 38 games where necessary (Man City have played 33 this season; teams played 42 games from 1992-93 to 1994-95)
Babies? playgroup classic turned into title anthem
@ETISALAT
Giles Smith
Sport on Television
V
incent Kompany admitted
that his team-mates were
caught cold by
Manchester United?s
capitulation to West Brom
on Sunday, and were therefore, at
the moment of their coronation,
?a bit scattered around the world?.
If the Manchester City captain
sounded apologetic, it was
understandable: his squad had failed
in their duty to supply the privately
shot scenes of communal jubilation
on which, since the gathering in
Jamie Vardy?s kitchen in 2016,
broadcasting officially depends at
such times.
Immense praise to Kompany,
though, for the efforts that he went
to, on his own, to fill the gap. OK, the
scenes he shared of himself watching
the whistle blow at Old Trafford in
his wife?s gran?s front room were
significantly less starry and somewhat
less hectic than the Vardy equivalent,
and there was less collateral damage
(the wall-mounted flatscreen took a
bit of a battering during Leicester
City?s pot-luck supper, if our memory
serves). But they had the
unmistakable tang of real life, not
least on account of the presence in
the gathering of a disgruntled United
fan in a vintage replica shirt.
Initially a gloomy and resolutely
sofa-based presence at the edge of the
shot, the United fan eventually came
centre stage for a standing embrace
with Kompany, a genuinely moving
clinch, properly sending the message
of city-wide, Mancunian togetherness
that, ultimately, transcends all divides
? although the United fan,
understandably, still couldn?t bring
himself to smile about it.
Kompany also took a quieter
moment to leave the room and issue,
via Skype, a nicely composed message
of pleasure and gratitude ? much
like a US president?s fireside chat
from the White House, except that
Kompany was on the computer at his
wife?s gran?s.
And, as if that wasn?t enough, he
then went up the pub and became the
centre of a celebration there ?
addressing the assembled from a
standing position on the brown
leatherette seating (the landlord
gamely turning a blind eye on this
occasion), and then launching into
song. Finally, then, we got our
bouncing scene. Really, until you have
heard the ?championes? chant
distorting through the punished
microphone of a jostled iPhone, has
the title actually been won at all?
The celebratory video tweeted by City?s ?telecommunications partner? features
some questionable lyrics and shots of fans and players clapping to the tune
Look and learn, kids: this is
captaincy. Without Kompany?s efforts,
Sky Sports News would have been
reduced to recycling the usual stuff
under the heading, ?These were the
scenes outside the Etihad?.
The players were soon helping to
fill the void with tweets, and that
photograph was emerging of Pep
Guardiola on a golf course with
Tommy Fleetwood ? amusingly
casual in its way, although Claudio
Ranieri perhaps unattainably upped
the ante in this area in 2016 by flying
to Italy to have lunch with his mum.
By now, Twitter users could also
measure the contribution of Etisalat,
City?s ?official telecommunications
partner in the UAE?, which issued a
made-to-fit video clip of players
hugging each other and clapping
along to an adaptation of the great
babies? playgroup classic, ?If you?re
happy and you know it, clap your
hands?. Has that song ever risen from
the terraces of an English football
ground in the Premier League era? It
did here, in a version that was long on
Pepsi-ad schmaltz but short on the
rhyming that commonly makes the
number swing in toddler-friendly
settings. Example: ?If you?re happy
that we did it and you really want to
show it, if you?re here for Man City,
clap your hands.? Hmm.
Perhaps more authentic was the
contribution of Jos� Mourinho who,
with typical good grace, took this
opportunity to remind viewers on
Match of the Day of his own record (?I
won eight titles. Two wins against
Manchester City is not a title for me?)
and added: ?No dramas when the best
team wins the league.? If gran?s front
room is the new kitchen, ?no dramas?
must be the new ?congratulations?.
Whatever, it all went to show that
broadcasters can throw billions at
football, and, somehow hearteningly,
the game still won?t conspire to fit
telly?s tidy narrative framework. At
that point, it?s all about social media,
and television can only chase along
behind, panting hard.
66
2G M
Tuesday April 17 2018 | the times
Sport Premier League champions 2017-18
Sport
City?s rivals face daunting
Oliver Kay
Chief Football
Correspondent
So how do you solve a problem like
Manchester City? They have swept all
before them in the Premier League this
season, confirmed as champions with
five games still to play, and Pep Guardiola will be given fortunes to spend as he
sets his sights even higher. For the rivals
left trailing in their wake, the challenge
is an unnerving one. ?Not impossible?,
Mauricio Pochettino said yesterday,
but certainly very difficult.
?It is a tricky question,? the Tottenham Hotspur manager said when asked
how his team could hope to catch City.
?It?s not easy because . . . it?s not all about
money in football, that?s true, but it
helps. It helps a lot. It?s like happiness,
you know? It?s not that if you?re a billionaire, you?re going to be happy, but
that sure helps a lot.
?In football it?s the same. You can
work unbelievably [well], you can have
these ideas on football as a coach or a
coaching staff. But then you need the
principal actors to deliver this idea and,
of course, if you have better players,
better quality . . . If you want a bigger
house, you need to pay what the market
says. If you want five rooms, you need to
have the money to pay for five rooms. If
you want one or two, you need less
money. But then the quality is
completely different.?
Pochettino is not quite in the Carlos
Carvalhal class when it comes to analogies, but you could see what he was
getting at. City are operating in a different market to Tottenham and, even
now, with far greater scope for expansion. In Monopoly terms, City have
bought four houses on every property
from Leicester Square to Mayfair after
pulling the ultimate Chance card from
the deck (?You have been taken over by
a sheikh from Abu Dhabi. Collect �billion.?) Now they want to turn those
properties into hotels. Tottenham are
playing a far shrewder game than some
of their rivals, doing everything right,
building patiently within their means,
but it is hard to keep improving, never
mind to compete with the powerhouse
that City have become.
In their first three seasons under
Pochettino, Tottenham finished fifth,
third and second in the Premier League
with 64, 70 and 86 points. They are on
course for 77 points this time, the price
for a serious loss of form before Christmas, but a sense of progress can be
drawn from their run to the FA Cup
semi-final, in which they face
Manchester United on Saturday, and
the Champions League knockout stage.
The next step was always going to be
the most difficult for any team to make
? and that also includes Manchester
United and Liverpool, making strides
under Jos� Mourinho and J黵gen
Klopp respectively ? but it threatens
to be much, much harder if City, on
course for a record-breaking total of
100 points, keep up this pace.
If the requirement is to break the 90point barrier, let alone get close to 100,
then it is a daunting one. Even if they
win all their remaining games this
season, Liverpool and Tottenham will
finish with a maximum of 82. It would
be a testament to the managerial
powers of Klopp and Pochettino to
suggest that getting more out of their
respective squads will be easier said
than done and that room for improvement is hard to identify.
Kyle Walker
and John
Stones
celebrated
City?s title
win with a
round of golf
yesterday,
with the
latter, right,
wearing a
full bunny
costume
What happened
after Guardiola?s
other first title wins?
Barcelona
(2008-2012)
First title
2008-09, won
by nine points
Summer
spending in 2009
� million
Major ins
Zlatan Ibrahimovic, Maxwell
Major outs
Samuel Eto?o
So what happened?
Lost just once all season as they
won the 2009-10 La Liga title by
three points from Real Madrid.
Having won the Champions League
in the previous year Guardiola was
knocked out in the semi-finals by
Jos� Mourinho?s Inter Milan. Despite
selling Thierry Henry, Yaya Tour�
and Ibrahimovic at the end of that
season he went on to win both
competitions in 2010-11. His final
season ended with the Copa del Rey
as his only trophy and, on
announcing his decision to leave he
said: ?I have always wanted shortterm contracts. Four years is an
eternity as Barcelona coach.?
Bayern Munich
(2013-2016)
First title
2013-14, won by
19 points
Summer
spending in 2014
� million
Major ins
Robert Lewandowski, Medhi
Benatia, Xabi Alonso
Major outs
Toni Kroos, Mario Mandzukic
So what happened?
Won the Bundesliga by ten points
but Guardiola again fell in the semifinals of the Champions League, this
time to his former club Barcelona. In
the following season, strengthened
by the signings of Arturo Vidal and
Douglas Costa, Bayern took the title
again with a ten-point gap between
them and second-placed Borussia
Dortmund. In his final season at the
club Guardiola fell short of
European glory again, this time
losing on away goals in the semifinal to Atletico Madrid.
Klopp will hope that a full season
with Virgil van Dijk at the heart of the
defence can make a difference and that
Naby Ke飔a?s arrival from RB Leipzig
will bolster a midfield that can look
ponderous. Pochettino?s first wish this
summer will be to keep disruptions to
his squad to a minimum.
The tension over contract negotiations with Toby Alderweireld, Danny
Rose and Mousa Demb閘� does not
help. Recruiting players of the quality
to improve their starting XI will not be
easy with a budget that, as Pochettino
referenced somewhat obliquely, is
considerably smaller than City?s.
At least Liverpool and Tottenham are
working towards an established longterm plan, which has served them well
to this point. At Arsenal, uncertainty
persists over the future of Ars鑞e
Wenger, which leaves both players and
recruitment staff unsure whether this
will be another summer of quiet stirring
or one of drastic upheaval.
Even as they look ahead to a Europa
League semi-final, Arsenal are 33
points adrift of City ? and, perhaps
more ignominiously, 13 points adrift of
fourth-placed
Tottenham.
Their
unlikely new penchant for knockout
competitions notwithstanding, theirs is
an imbalanced squad in need of some
serious work in order to compete with
Liverpool and Tottenham again, never
mind with City.
There is also a lack of clarity at Chelsea. Runaway champions last May, they
have had a wretched time since the turn
of the year. Antonio Conte?s departure
has long seemed only a matter of time
and, while the club?s recent history
dictates that boom always follows bust,
there is a recognition within Stamford
Bridge that things might be a little more
complicated this summer. Chelsea no
longer seem so willing to compete with
City and United at the top end of the
transfer market and, after some strange
buys over the past 12 months, whoever
is in charge ? widely presumed to be
one of Massimiliano Allegri, Maurizio
Sarri or Luis Enrique ? will find it hard
to emulate Conte?s success upon taking
charge in the summer of 2016, when
both the problems and the way forward
seemed a little more obvious.
A way forward is what Mourinho
must find at United. They have
improved under his management ?
from 66 points under Louis van Gaal in
2015-16 to 69 last season and 71 already
this term ? and have beaten Chelsea,
Liverpool and City over the past two
months, in addition to reaching an FA
Cup semi-final, but Old Trafford still
does not feel like a happy place. They
are a curious team, disjointed, lacking
imagination, energy and effervescence,
so much less than their expensive parts,
but still they look down on Liverpool
and Tottenham from second place and
Mourinho will certainly have a bigger
transfer budget than Klopp and
Pochettino once again this summer.
There is room for improvement at
United; as well as the expectation of
reinforcements in defence, it is hard to
imagine Paul Pogba or Alexis S醤chez
contributing less than they have in
2018. But there has to be a vision, a
sense of where they are going and how
they plan to get there. That is what
United have lacked in the five years
since Sir Alex Ferguson?s retirement.
City, under Guardiola, have that
vision. The question is whether any of
their rivals are capable of stopping
them next season. ?Not impossible,?
as Pochettino said, but certainly very
difficult.
Will club win successive
2014
2015
continued from back
City offer Guardiola deal to 2020
he was 15, contrary to Fifa rules. Garr�
signed a contract with City two summers ago, just after he turned 16. If the
Court of Arbitration for Sport finds
City guilty of acting improperly, Guardiola could be handed a transfer ban lasting up to two windows, although they
could appeal and shorten that.
City insist they did not break any
rules in signing Garr�, who is now 17
and is a regular for the under-23s.
Meanwhile Sergio Ag黣ro, the City
striker, knows three more wins will be
enough for the team to beat Chelsea?s
2004-05 record of 95 points and he
therefore wants his team-mates to end
the season with a bang. ?We?re looking
forward to the celebrations, but first we
have five important games to play and
we want to win them all,? he said.
Guardiola, who has plans to sign a
midfielder and an attacker in the
summer, was back at his desk yesterday
at the City Football Academy to begin
preparations for Sunday?s home game
against Swansea City.
During United?s match with West
Bromwich Albion, Guardiola was
playing a round of golf with Tommy
Fleetwood at Sandiway Golf Club in
Northwich, Cheshire. Onlookers said
that Guardiola was in a relaxed mood
during what they described as a
?friendly four-ball? that also included
his son Marius.
Many of City?s players were abroad
on Sunday as Guardiola had given
them three days off after their 3-1 win
over Tottenham Hotspur on Saturday.
?I didn?t expect to hear the news that
United had lost,? said Ilkay G黱dogan,
the City midfielder, who had flown
home to Germany to watch Borussia
Dortmund play Schalke along with
compatriot Leroy San�. ?Everyone was
getting in touch to congratulate each
the times | Tuesday April 17 2018
67
2G M
Sport
Sport
task to derail juggernaut
continued from back
Mourinho in cup axe threat
championships for the first time?
Who?s retained the title since 1890
New winner
Team colours = title retained
Season
Aston Villa
Sunderland
18901900
Sheffield Wednesday
19001910
19101920
Liverpool Huddersfield
19201930
Portsmouth
19401950
Man Utd
19501960
19601970
19701980
Wolves
Liverpool
Liverpool
Man Utd
Man Utd
Liverpool
19801990
20002010
Sheffield Weds
Arsenal
19301940
19902000
No league
Aston Villa
Man Utd
Man Utd
Chelsea
Man Utd
20102018
2012
criteria for a manager to choose a team?
I only know one criteria ? it is the way
they play,? Mourinho said when asked if
those who failed to impress against
West Brom will be dropped for the
Spurs match. ?That is the only way I can
select players. Do you want me to go
for the price they cost? Or their salary?
Or their beautiful face? The only way is
to go with performance.?
Mourinho was unhappy with the
contribution of Ander Herrera, who
was substituted at half-time on Sunday,
and Paul Pogba, who came off for
Anthony Martial in the second half.
Alexis S醤chez, the Chile forward,
also played poorly while Juan Mata, the
Spaniard, offered little attacking threat.
Jesse Lingard, Martial and Marcus
Rashford are all set for recalls to the
team and unless they fail to impress,
they are likely to keep their places for
the FA Cup game.
?If I play a player against
Bournemouth and the player is
phenomenal, he plays the semifinal,? said Mourinho, for whom thee
FA Cup represents the last
chance to win silverware this
season. ?So [it] is not rotating,
because rotating looks like a
player that plays against
o
Bournemouth is to give a rest to
somebody that is going to play
against Spurs in the semi-final.
?It is an opportunity for somee
people to play and to try to get a
place in the team for Spurs and
some of the guys that played
S醤chez is among those
who could be dropped
against West Brom don?t have a place in
that team [for the semi-final], they don?t
have a place in that team.?
Mourinho admitted that part of the
reason he took Pogba off on Sunday
was because he was booked in the 29th
minute. ?It was not just him [who
played poorly],? he said. ?And he had a
yellow card so he was in a more difficult
position than others. He was not worse
than some of the others who were on
the pitch for 90 minutes.?
Mourinho claimed a lack of desire is
to blame for the inconsistency of his
squad. ?Consistency has nothing to do
with age,? he said. ?It has [something] to
do with personality, with the way you
live for football, what is your priority in
your life, what is your ambitions. I met
players 30 years old [who were] not
consistent at all, and I found boys of 18,
19, 20, real men, real pros, so [it] is not
about the age.?
Gary Neville, the former United full
back, last night added to the criticism of
the display against West Brom. ?It was
a dismal, weak day for United,? he said
on Sky Sports. ?Mourinho referred to
attitude and consistency ? he needs to
identify the ones causing those problems and they need to go. I think
there will be three or four
players leaving and the same
number coming in.?
6 Manchester
United
Under-23 have been relegated from Division One
of Premier League 2.
R
Ricky
Sbragia?s side saw
their fate sealed by Derby
County?s 1-0 victory over
West Ham United yesterday, which leaves
United five points
adrift of safety with
o game to go.
one
Pochettino: we must make
signings before World Cup
Kompany, main image,
lifts the Premier League
trophy in 2014, but his
mood changed a year
later when Chelsea beat
them to the title. It was a
similar story in 2013 when
United gained revenge for
Ag黣ro, above, scoring on
the final day of the
previous season to pip
United to the title
Average age of starting XIs of
past six champions during their
title-winning season
2012-13 Man Utd 27 years, 238 days
2013-14 Man City 28 years, 56 days
2014-15 Chelsea 27 years, 114 days
2015-16 Leicester 28 years, 51 days
2016-17 Chelsea 27 years, 253 days
2017-18 Man City 26 years, 326 days
other in our team WhatsApp group.?
Fabian Delph, John Stones, Bernardo
Silva, Kyle Walker and Vincent
Kompany partied into the early hours
after visiting the Railway pub in Hale,
Cheshire.
Kompany, the City captain, climbed
on to a table and gave a speech to
supporters. The Belgian and his teammates joined the fans in singing the
Oasis hit Wonderwall before chanting
City songs.
The Times learnt yesterday of the
lengths that Guardiola has gone to in
order to ensure everyone at the club
feels part of the success. On a trip to
Abu Dhabi last month, City?s squad had
been granted a night out with a midnight curfew. Some of the senior
players approached Guardiola and
asked for an extension, which prompted the City manager to call over one of
the kitmen and put the proposal to him.
When the backroom staff member then
suggested 2am for the new cut-off
point, Guardiola agreed and told the
players they had the kitman to thank.
There have been occasions when
Guardiola has hired out a Spanish
restaurant in Manchester, invited the
support staff, not just those in his inner
sanctum, and footed the bill.
Tottenham Hotspur will earn
Ian Baker
2013
Average age of starting XIs of
big six clubs in Premier League
this season
Liverpool 25 years, 345 days
Tottenham 26 years, 21 days
Man City 26 years, 326 days
Chelsea 27 years, 15 days
Man Utd 27 years, 40 days
Arsenal 27 years, 126 days
�5 million from City?s title win due to a
clause they inserted into Kyle Walker?s
� million transfer last summer.
Liverpool are due �million under the
terms of Raheem Sterling?s move to
City three years ago, while San�s
former club Schalke will receive
?500,000 (�2,000).
Mauricio Pochettino says Tottenham
Hotspur?s transfer dealings this summer should not be determined by the
World
Cup finals, where players can
W
u
under
or overachieve, with their
v
valuations
fluctuating accordingly.
The manager wants most of the club?s
business concluded before the tournament begins in Russia on June 14 and it
is understood that he has shown interest in Ryan Sessegnon, Fulham?s quick
left-sided player, and Wilfried Zaha, the
Crystal Palace winger. Tottenham may
also revive their interest in Malcom, the
Bordeaux winger.
Pochettino has often said that Tottenham must be clever in the market as
they cannot compete with the biggest
clubs when it comes to wages and transfer fees, which has meant trying to find
younger players or those who have lost
their way, such as the Brazil forward
Lucas Moura, who joined from Paris
Saint-Germain in January.
?It is so dangerous to go and scout
players in the World Cup because if a
player is good, how are you going to
sign him after?? Pochettino said.
?Sometimes you need to anticipate,
?OK, this player can be good for us? and
then he goes to the World Cup but you
need to sign before it starts because he
is doing well and then you will have
competition if they are good.?
Tottenham did, though, sign Moussa
Sissoko from Newcastle United in part
because of the midfielder?s performances for France during Euro 2016.
Pochettino is also keen for his team to
make a strong start to life at the new
White Hart Lane after struggling at the
beginning of this season at Wembley.
Tottenham are likely to play the opening three or four games next season
away from home while the new stadium
is completed, although the club has not
officially requested that yet.
?It?s not the right way for the club to
start if you want to win big things,?
Pochettino said, in the build-up to this
evening?s Premier League match with
Brighton & Hove Albion. ?When you
miss a few months in this competitive
league it is so difficult to reduce the gap.
We had many problems, not only these
but with the Wembley hoodoo.
?Now we are fourth, seven-point gap
from other teams [below them], we
deserve credit. Next season we have a
beautiful new stadium and need to
make [it] home again. Maybe we need
to play four games away from home and
that is the stress we may add to the
team. It is not easy to focus on
improving the squad. City is focusing
on the next three players to add, United,
Chelsea and Liverpool the same. We
are focusing on different areas, it?s not
easy to achieve what we want.?
Concern over Lloris, page 64
Brighton & Hove Albion (possible; 4-4-2): M Ryan ?
E Schelotto, S Duffy, L Dunk, G Bong ? S March,
D Stephens, B Kayal, J Izquierdo ? P Gross, G Murray.
Tottenham Hotspur (probable; 4-2-3-1): H Lloris ?
K Trippier, T Alderweireld, J Vertonghen, B Davies ?
E Dier, M Demb閘� ? C Eriksen, D Alli, Son Heung-min
? H Kane.
Referee K Friend.
Television Sky Sports PL (kick-off 7.45pm).
Tuesday April 17 2018 | the times
1G M
Sport
Tainted by jingoism
Graceless hosts undermine
Commonwealth Games
Rick Broadbent, page 60
Sports newspaper of the year
JOHN PATRICK FLETCHER/ACTION PLUS
City offer
Guardiola
deal to 2020
Paul Hirst
Manchester City will hold talks with
Pep Guardiola at the end of the season
in an effort to persuade him to stay with
the club until 2020.
Guardiola, who claimed his first
Premier League title on Sunday, has
only one season left on the � milliona-year, three-year deal he agreed
when he took over in 2016. He left his
previous role at Bayern Munich after
three years, and has always insisted that
he is not the type of manager to spend
decades at one club.
However City officials are confident
that he will agree to prolong his stay by
a further 12 months as early as this summer. Kevin De Bruyne, the club?s outstanding player in their title triumph,
yesterday said that Guardiola remaining at the club was essential to their
twin aims of retaining the Premier
League title and winning the
Champions League.
Sources close to Guardiola insist he is
happy at the Etihad Stadium and is
open to the possibility of discussing an
extension. The City manager has not
made a final decision yet, but he is
settled in the North West and happy
with the way the club stood by him
during his barren spell last year,
backing him in the transfer market.
Should Guardiola remain with City
until the summer of 2020, it would
equal his four-year stint with Barcelona, the longest spell he has had at one
club. De Bruyne, like many of City?s
senior stars, earned a �0,000 bonus
for winning the league. About � million in total will be split between the
players. De Bruyne, the Belgium playmaker who has a career-high 15 assists
in the league this season, said of his
manager: ?Everyone knows he?s one of
the best coaches in the world. To
achieve what he has in the game is special and to be part of a group led by him
can only help us to keep developing.
?He came in two years ago and
changed the way we play. That obviously takes time to adapt to but we?ve
developed together and this season is a
reward for all that work. What we want
to do is continue playing the way we
have and become even stronger.?
Mart� Perarnau, Guardiola?s biographer, says that the former Bayern
Munich coach is likely to extend his
present deal. ?My opinion is that Pep
will stay more than one more season,?
Perarnau told the 93:20 podcast.
?He will want Manchester City to be
a European giant like Barcelona, Real
Madrid, Juventus and Bayern.?
Sergio Ag黣ro, the City striker,
knows three more wins will be enough
for the team to beat Chelsea?s 2004-05
record of 95 points and he therefore
wants his team-mates to end the season
with a bang. ?We?re looking forward to
the celebrations, but first we have five
important games to play and we want to
win them all,? he said.
Guardiola, who wants to sign a
midfielder and attacker in the summer,
was back at his desk yesterday at the
City Football Academy to begin
preparations for Sunday?s home game
against Swansea City.
The Catalan declined the opportunity to conduct media interviews, telling
Continued on page 66
Times Crossword 27,014
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
22
23
24
25
21
Mourinho in
cup axe threat
Paul Hirst
Jos� Mourinho has told his underperforming Manchester United stars
that they have blown their chance of
playing at Wembley in the FA Cup
semi-final this weekend because of
their wretched display against West
Bromwich Albion.
Mourinho vowed to be ruthless with
those who let him down in the 1-0
defeat by the Premier League?s bottom
club on Sunday, which officially ended
United?s chances of lifting the title.
The United manager, who once
again claimed that his players lacked
personality and drive, will make several
changes to his team for tomorrow?s
league match away to Bournemouth,
and those who played poorly against
West Brom will be left out of the XI to
face Tottenham Hotspur in the FA Cup
semi-final on Saturday. ?Yes, what is the
Continued on page 67
Random drug
tests for Evans
Stuart Fraser
Tennis Writer, Monte Carlo
Carroll denies Stoke vital win
West Ham substitute levels after Crouch put strugglers ahead, pages 62-63
across
down
1 Wearing precious stones and
nothing else is wrong (9)
6 What?s swallowed by staff about to
provide treatment (5)
9 The work of a man of letters? (10,5)
10 Quartet?s cover of tune with
musical style (6)
11 Lets rip violently, Yankee, like
father (8)
13 John, punched by cad, gets shiner:
this hinders movement (5,5)
14 American?s not eating in country
(4)
16 I won?t and I will retreat (4)
17 Nitwits excited, receiving marks for
test (10)
19 Provided drug, having made crack
(8)
20 He?ll go on record initially,
interrupting old man (6)
23 Communist Chinese dish, mostly
poultry, takes shape (9,6)
24 He hates company failure,
changing central direction (5)
25 Names covering brown walls of the
famous residence (6,3)
1 Spin around, lacking velocity still
(5)
2 Something articulated about
remedy for politicians? proposal
(5,10)
3 Eat basil in a stew, potentially
getting full (8)
4 Key passage without its opening
note (4)
5 English skill behind ?lm?s sound
engineering device (3,7)
6 Guide was in touch with royalty (6)
7 Drink port, 24? bottles, and move
clumsily (4,3,4,4)
8 US money and yen received,
clutching a buck (5,4)
12 Scot waggles bum, meeting
countryman? (10)
13 Wicked bats ?ew round (9)
15 Drive away from route through
European mountains (8)
18 Military group swims, coming up
for a rest (6)
21 Grown son wearing nothing from
Dior? (5)
22 Seamstress may add one attentionseeking remark (4)
The 2018 Times National Crossword Championship
qualifying puzzle No 1 will appear here on Wednesday, April 18
The LTA has reserved the right to
perform a random drug test on Dan
Evans as part of the wild-card arrangement in which the 27-year-old will
make his comeback in qualifying for
an ATP Challenger tournament in
Glasgow a week on Saturday.
Evans, who tested positive for
cocaine almost 12 months ago, was
always in line to be handed a slot in the
draw by the LTA, provided that he did
not go off the rails again. Yesterday it
was confirmed that he has satisfied
several conditions to be given one of six
available wild cards.
One of those conditions is that
Evans must agree, when asked by the
LTA, to undergo a drugs test. This will
come with no advance notice and is in
Continued on page 59
Yesterday?s solution 27,013
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y(7HB7E2*OTSMMQ( |||+#!.
ngland player.
So they changed it. The festival is now all
about development. A lot of work had been
done forecasting how the game will change and
encouraging the boys to play to it. In the future,
the boys were informed, there will be greater
ball-in-play time, more switches from attack to
defence and back again, it will be less formulaic,
more adaptability is required ? at least that was
the thinking and game rules were continually
changing to force the boys to think fast and play
to them.
Impressive? Yes. Do England develop
successful teams at under-18 and under-20
levels? This hasn?t been a great year, but on the
whole, yes.
The question, though, is what happens next?
After going through the age grades, the
development process must continue and that
happens largely through playing. The more
games you play, the more decisions you have to
make, the better you develop.
This, however, is where too many players stall.
They go through the development system and
hope to play in the big boys? games with their
professional clubs, but the clubs feel they are not
ready yet, or they are loathe to take a chance.
Either way, the bright young players stop getting
enough game time.
In the Six Nations, the eye-catching
breakthrough players were all Irish: James Ryan,
Dan Leavy and Jordan Larmour. And just when
it seems that England?s youngsters are falling
behind, the Celts are about to take another step
forward. They too realise that another
Leavy was among the
breakthrough players of
this season?s Six Nations,
all of whom were Irish.
Just when it seems that
England youngsters are
taking a step backwards,
the Celts are about to take
another forward with a
Pro14 under-23 competition
launching next season
development level is required so a Pro14
under-23 competition will begin next
season. Good idea.
What has long happened in
England is the best young players at
the Premiership clubs are loaned
to local clubs in the
Championship or even lower.
Sam Simmonds, for instance,
was allowed to learn and
mature at Cornish Pirates
before Exeter Chiefs felt that
he was ready for the top tier.
Simmonds is proof that this
can work.
So last year, the RFU tried
to encourage more of this by
formalising the concept of
dual-registered players. That
was a good idea too, but the
Premiership clubs responded
with one of their own: an
expanded A League, more
games for the up-and-comers,
more opportunity. This was also
a decent idea; in practice it has
been a disaster.
Apart from Exeter, the clubs
are all losing money. At the
same time, players? wages are
rising and the salary cap is not,
and so the result is that squad
sizes are being reduced. At the
very time when squad sizes are
getting smaller, the clubs
suddenly decided they could
run two teams regularly
rather than one.
Two teams require more
players, more coaches, more
physios, more doctors, more
money, and means more
debt. And, thus far, more
cancelled games for the
very players who need
them.
Can the A League work? If
you are Exeter, then yes. As
with so much, Exeter are
the model club. They have
the advantage of a huge
recruiting area, a rugby
heartland with no
Premiership rivals close by.
They therefore get lots of talent
and they farm it well. Last week,
they announced the biggest ever
intake of academy boys to be
given professional contracts; they
took 13, most clubs each year take
three or four. If all the clubs can
follow the model, then the
expanded A League could work.
If only.
The A League? More dual
registrations? An under-23
competition like the Pro14? They all
have their pros and cons. One of them
needs to be made to work. For now, the
clubs have a responsibility to address
reality and acknowledge that the A
League does not.
Bristol rebrand as Bears in victory for the marketing team
Owen Slot Chief Rugby Correspondent
Bristol Rugby have been sweeping all
before them in the Greene King Championship this season and yesterday they
were able to announce another, less expected victory: one for the marketing
team. In life?s modern contest between
traditionalists and the branding specialists, this was a crushing victory for
the latter when the news broke that,
from June 1, the club would be known as
Bristol Bears.
As Mark Regan, one of the club?s
most loyal and best-known former
England players, said: ?Let?s hope it?s a
grizzly and not a teddy.?
Indeed, there will undoubtedly be
some mirth at Bristol?s expense,
although professional sport has long
been packaged and then repackaged
with new names, badges and mottos,
many of them with animal associations,
in the eternal drive to sell tickets.
English top-flight rugby has Sharks
and Tigers, among others. The Bristol
Bear Fiesta happens to be a gay festival
weekend that has been held every
summer since 2003, but that will cause
merely a minor, temporary confusion.
Bristol are one of England?s oldest
clubs, they have a 130-year history, but
in explaining their decision, the club
acknowledged that they had been
losing some ground and support to
local rivals, Bath and Exeter (who are
More grunt: the Bristol club crest, left,
will be replaced with that of a bear
the Chiefs). According to Steve Lansdown, the club owner: ?We have to be
prepared to break the mould and be
relentless in driving the progression of
this rugby club. In a challenging
market, in order to attract investment
and new audiences, we must be brave in
our vision.?
Rumours were rife yesterday that
Gloucester were about to follow suit
and rebrand themselves as the Gloucester Lions. A spokesperson said that
this was not true and that the club were
not about to change their name, whatever the animal anyone had in mind.
6 Paddy Jackson and Stuart Olding
will never play for Ulster or Ireland
again, Shane Logan, the chief executive
of Ulster Rugby, said yesterday. The
players were sacked on Saturday after
being acquitted of rape charges. ?The
decision has been taken,? Logan said.
?It is a joint Irish and Ulster rugby decision. The position is clear. [The return
of Jackson and Olding to Ulster and
Ireland] is not something that we are
envisaging.? He added that it was ?absolutely not the case? that Ulster Rugby
had caved into sponsors? demands to
sack the pair.
62
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Tuesday April 17 2018 | the times
Sport Football
Carroll rescue act
after Hart hands
out gift to Stoke
West Ham
Carroll 90
Stoke City
Crouch 79
1
0
2
1
Premier League
Alyson Rudd
It was a tale of old hands, big strikers
who started on the bench and only
came on to the pitch as their managers
felt desperate measures were needed.
In this topsy-turvy nervy season it was
left to players who have seen it all, who
know how to take their chances under
pressure to save face. This was a tiresome contest enlivened by the knowhow of Peter Crouch and Andy Carroll.
Stoke City thought they had grasped
their first away victory since October
after Crouch?s stabbed goal past Joe
Hart. The 79th-minute goal came
against the run of second-half play and
after West Ham had seen two efforts
ruled offside and had peppered the
Stoke goal with half-chance after
half-chance, as they won free kick upon
free kick.
It looked set to leave David Moyes?s
team back in trouble as the tail-end of
the Premier League continues to
change in complexion with each pass-
exclusive to members
Watch highlights and
in-game clips of all five
midweek Premier League
games on the Times app
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ing fixture. Or should that be with each
passing minute, for Carroll came to the
rescue in the 90th minute to volley in
an equaliser from the edge of the area
from a cross by the excellent Aaron
Cresswell.
Before kick-off Karren Brady, vicechairman of West Ham, somewhat
clumsily ? or maybe presciently ?
plugged on Twitter her new ITV show,
Give It A Year, which aired at the same
time as this game.
The supporters were unimpressed by
the gaffe but then they were also unimpressed with much of the fare at the
London Stadium. No one who had been
giving football a miss for a year would
have been left wondering whether
these teams were in danger of relegation or not.
The madness of the managerial merry-go-round had worked in Stoke?s
favour when Mark Hughes, sacked by
the club at the start of the year and since
hired by Southampton, failed to pull his
new club away from Paul Lambert?s
side at the foot of the table on Saturday,
in spite of taking a two-goal lead
against Chelsea. That defeat on the
south coast meant that Stoke could
hang out for a bit longer with the hopeful gang, rather than be sat in the corner
with West Bromwich Albion.
Xherdan Shaqiri has said he is hampered by the lack of quality around him
? ?even a Ronaldinho could do little in
this team,? he told a Swiss magazine ?
Fans were not impressed with Brady?s
tweet about her TV show yesterday
How they stand
P W
Man City (C) ..... 33 28
Man United........33 22
Liverpool............34 20
Tottenham ........33 20
Chelsea................33 18
Arsenal.................33 16
Burnley.................33 14
Leicester..............33 11
Everton................34 11
Newcastle...........33 11
Bournemouth..34 9
Watford................34 10
Brighton..............33 8
West Ham...........33 8
Huddersfield....34 9
Crystal Palace..34 8
Swansea..............33 8
Southampton...33 5
Stoke.....................34 6
West Brom.........34 4
D
3
5
10
7
6
6
10
10
9
8
11
7
11
11
8
10
9
13
10
12
L
2
6
4
6
9
11
9
12
14
14
14
17
14
14
17
16
16
15
18
18
F A GDPts
93 25 68 87
63 26 37 71
78 35 43 70
65 30 35 67
57 33 24 60
62 45 17 54
33 29 4 52
49 47 2 43
39 54 -15 42
35 42 -7 41
41 56 -15 38
42 60 -18 37
31 46 -15 35
41 59 -18 35
27 54 -27 35
36 54 -18 34
27 46 -19 33
33 53 -20 28
31 64 -33 28
27 52 -25 24
The relegation run-in
13th Brighton & Hove Albion 35pts
Today: H v Tottenham. Apr 28: A v Burnley.
May 4: H v Man Utd. May 9: A v Man City. May
13: A v Liverpool
14th West Ham United 35pts
Sunday: A v Arsenal. Apr 29: H v Man City. May
5: A v Leicester. May 10: H v Man Utd. May 13:
H v Everton.
15th Huddersfield Town 35pts
Apr 28: H v Everton. May 6: A v Man City. May
9: A v Chelsea. May 13: H v Arsenal
16th Crystal Palace 34pts
Saturday: A v Watford. Apr 28 H v Leicester.
May 5: A v Stoke City. May 13: H v West Brom.
17th Swansea City 33pts
Sunday: A v Man City. Apr 28: H v Chelsea. May
5: A v Bournemouth. May 8: H v Southampton.
May 13: H v Stoke.
18th Southampton 28pts
Thursday: A v Leicester. Apr 28: H v
Bournemouth. May 5: A v Everton. May 8: A v
Swansea. May 13: H v Man City.
19th Stoke City 28pts
Sunday: H v Burnley. Apr 28: A v Liverpool. May
5: H v Crystal Palace. May 13: A v Swansea.
20th West Bromwich Albion 24pts
Saturday: H v Liverpool. Apr 28: A v Newcastle.
May 5: H v Tottenham. May 13: A v Crystal
Palace.
but the Switzerland international has
not given up trying to be influential,
and offered his side a dash of vision
which led to a few early half-chances,
the best of which saw Joe Hart save
comfortably from Moritz Bauer.
However, a poor free kick by Shaqiri
set a West Ham counterattack in motion, which his team-mates did well to
snuff out. Towards the end of the first
half he delivered an elegant long pass to
Ramadan Sobhi, who failed to summon
the necessary composure to make use
of it. This, perhaps, was the perfect vignette for his disillusionment.
West Ham?s first good opening came
courtesy of a Cresswell free kick, which
Jack Butland only just saw in time. A
scuffed shot by Marko Arnautovic was
followed by a more cleanly struck one
from Stoke?s Mame Biram Diouf, but
again Hart was unruffled. Butland then
saved with his chest a fiercer strike by
Arnautovic.
Shouts of ?shoot? from the home
supporters were not an homage to a
particular player?s prowess from distance but more a cry of distress from
the bored and those who were slowly
giving up on their team finding consecutive passes to conjure a smart opening.
The second half began with an inviting looping cross from Pablo Zabaleta
that evaded Butland and was cleared by
Kurt Zouma before it could inflict damage, and then a Cresswell cross was
nonchalantly met by Arnautovic who
perhaps took his manager?s pre-match
comment that he resembles Zlatan
Ibrahimovic too literally. Had the Austrian been a dash less relaxed he might
have stayed onside and his header past
Butland would have counted.
Gareth Southgate, the England manager, was in the stands and perhaps
more enthralled than most as both
Hart and Butland displayed calm maturity, with the latter plucking a dangerously deflected ball out of the air with
authority. Cresswell?s delivery was
threatening and Ryan Shawcross did
well to clear a fizzing pass across the
face of goal from the defender.
The home side had a second effort
ruled offside when Edimilson Fernandes turned to celebrate his shot from
distance beating Butland but Arnautovic was stood directly in front of the
goalkeeper, clearly offside, and made a
flicking action at the ball.
Another composed Cresswell free
kick brought a fine save as Moyes?s side
began to exert more sustained pressure,
which in turn led Lambert to bring Peter Crouch off the bench.
It proved a masterstroke. The tall
striker?s first meaningful involvement
was to give the visitors the lead. It was a
goal perhaps inevitably set up by Shaqiri, who took his time with a lay-off from
Joe Allen to squeeze in a strike that
Hart really should have held on to, but
the England goalkeeper fumbled the
ball, allowing Crouch to pounce in an
gangly but highly effective manner.
Javier Hern醤dez came off the bench
for West Ham, tumbled into Bruno
Martins Indi and looked for a penalty
but Michael Oliver, the referee, was not
the least fooled.
Carroll then struck with a fierce leftfooted volley, and West Ham thought
they had grabbed a late winner but a
Hern醤dez strike was ruled offside
after Oliver spotted a foul by Carroll on
Shawcross.
West Ham United (3-5-1-1) J Hart 5 ? D Rice 6,
A Ogbonna 5, A Cresswell 7 ? P Zabaleta 6, M Noble 5,
C Kouyat� 5, E Fernandes 6 (sub: J Hern醤dez 77min),
A Masuaku 5 (sub: M Lanzini 81) ? Jo鉶 M醨io 5
(sub: A Carroll 86) ? M Arnautovic 6. Substitutes
not used Adri醤, J Hugill, P Evra, J Cullen. Booked
Cresswell, Kouyat�.
Stoke City (4-4-1-1) J Butland 6 ? K Zouma 6,
R Shawcross 6, B Martins Indi 5, E Pieters 5 ? M Bauer
5 (sub: P Crouch 70, 7), B Ndiaye 5, J Allen 6 ? R Sobhi
5 (sub: G Cameron 62, 5) ? X Shaqiri 6 ? MB Diouf 5
(sub: S Ireland 87). Substitutes not used L Grant,
D Fletcher, T Campbell, L Sorenson. Booked Martins
Indi, Crouch, Ndiaye.
Referee M Oliver Attendance 56,795.
Crouch pounces to open the scoring for Stoke at the London Stadium last night
Tony Cascarino?s
talking points
Oliver calm and composed on his return
I?m glad that Michael Oliver returned
to action last night so soon after that
traumatic game in the Bernab閡 last
week. The Englishman will
probably have wanted to get back
to refereeing as quickly as possible
so he can start to erase the
memory of that Champions
League game, when he gave
Real Madrid what proved a
decisive stoppage-time penalty
and sent off Gianluigi Buffon
for dissent, with the Juventus
goalkeeper laying into him in
post-match interviews. I?ve
always liked Oliver. He?s one
of our better referees and, at
33, is likely to get even better. My
concern is that he may be sidelined
by Uefa and Fifa because they don?t
tend to like referees who make such
big calls, especially given that the
controversy increased when he sent
off such a famous goalkeeper. That
is unfair on Oliver, of course, but at
least the Premier League showed its
b
backing
by allowing him to take
charge last night. I thought he
g
generally
controlled a scrappy, foulfilled match really well. I did
t
think
Andy Carroll should have
had a late penalty when Ryan
Shawcross had his arms all over
h
him,
although it was not clear-cut.
the times | Tuesday April 17 2018
63
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Sport
ALEX GRIMM/BONGARTS/GETTY IMAGES; KAI PFAFFENBACH/REUTERS; BT SPORT
DAVID KLEIN/REUTERS
44
Peter Crouch has 44
goals for Stoke in the
Premier League, more
than any other player
(Jonathan Walters
next on 43)
VAR calls
players
back from
dressing
room for
penalty
1
2
T
he video assistant
referee (VAR)
system came
under fresh scrutiny
last night when a team
had to be summoned
back from the dressing
room at half-time to
face a penalty.
Guido Winkmann,
the referee in the
Bundesliga relegation
battle between Mainz
and Freiburg at the
Opel Arena, had blown
for the interval when
he was alerted by the
VAR to a handball in
the Freiburg area.
After checking his
monitor, Winkmann
agreed with the penalty
award and had to tell
the players to return
to the pitch, where
Pablo de Blasis beat
Alexander Schwolow
from the spot to give
Mainz the lead. The
process had taken
seven minutes. Mainz
won the game 2-0.
The Premier League
agreed last week to
delay the introduction
of the system for at
least another season,
but it will be used at
the World Cup finals in
Russia this summer.
3
4
Winkmann,
the referee,
calls the
players back
(1) after the
handball (2)
relayed to
him (3) by
the VAR. De
Blasis scored
from the
spot for
Mainz (4)
Europe will fight Qatar 2022 expansion
Martyn Ziegler Chief Sports Reporter
after Hart, the West Ham goalkeeper, had failed to hold a shot from Shaqiri
Assured Butland
Lambert loses nerve
When Joe Hart
spilled Xherdan
Shaqiri?s shot to
allow Peter Crouch to
score for Stoke City, I
think he was pretty
much dropping his
chance of playing for
England at this summer?s
d
World Cup in Russia. It?s hard
to trust someone who fumbles
the ball as often as he does.
Hart has looked more
confident recently than at the
start of this season but he has
probably blown his chance of
being England?s No 1 in Russia.
At the other end was Jack
Butland, right, who gave an
assured display for Stoke City. He
is a complete goalkeeper who rarely
makes mistakes and I would select
him ahead of Everton?s Jordan
Pickford.
I was hugely critical of Aston Villa?s
cautious approach under Paul
Lambert when they were fighting
relegation and Stoke City have
been similarly impotent with
the same manager in charge.
T team had scored only seven
The
goals in the Scot?s ten league
games in charge before last
night and they seldom looked
llike scoring in the first half
b
before at last becoming more
adventurous after the break and
substitute Peter Crouch looked
to have won them three points
b
before
Andy Carroll?s late
equaliser. I remember Lambert
w
was a breath of fresh air when
his Norwich City team played
bravely on the front
foot in 2011-12 and
h needs to employ
he
tthat policy if Stoke are
tto survive.
Europe?s top leagues will fight
proposals to expand the 2022 World
Cup in Qatar from 32 to 48 teams.
Fifa has already decided to bring in
the expansion for 2026 but is now
considering doing so for 2022. To do
that, however, would mean extending
the length of the tournament, which is
being played in the winter to avoid the
extreme heat of the summer in Qatar.
Lars-Christer Olsson, president of
European Leagues, the umbrella group
for the continent?s professional leagues,
said that leagues had already made big
concessions to move the tournament to
the winter. The Premier League is also
set to oppose the expansion move.
Fifa had previously agreed that the
2022 tournament will be played from
November 21 to December 18 to minimise disruption to domestic competitions. An expansion to 48 teams will
mean 80 matches instead of 64.
Olsson, who is also on Uefa?s executive committee, told The Times: ?We are
not prepared to make any changes on
the calendar for expanding the 2022
World Cup. We have already been flexible to allow the World Cup to be played
in the winter and have agreed dates.?
Olsson is also unhappy about Gianni
Infantino?s plans for a 24-team Club
World Cup, which the Fifa president
hopes will be a big money-spinner compared to the present eight-team format.
?We have serious reservations about
Rodriguez hits back at Bong
Steve Madeley
Jay Rodriguez has criticised the Brighton & Hove Albion defender Ga雝an
Bong for a ?serious and damaging slur?
over the allegations of racism against
the West Bromwich Albion forward.
Rodriguez, who avoided punishment
by an independent commission after
being charged by the FA with using
racist language, blamed Bong for going
public with his allegations before the
evidence had been heard. Bong claimed
Rodriguez said ?You?re black and you
stink? at The Hawthorns in January but
the commission last week found the
allegation was ?not proven?.
Rodriguez last night issued a statement on Twitter. It read: ?It has been a
difficult and strained period for me and
my family because this allegation
brought a serious and damaging slur on
my character. It has been equally difficult to remain silent throughout the FA
process but I do wish to express firstly
my relief that I have been exonerated
and secondly my support for the fight
against racism. I have maintained my
innocence from the moment Ga雝an
Bong made the allegation.
?I bear him no ill will but I was disappointed that he chose to publicly
condemn me on the platforms of open
media before the evidence had been
presented to an independent tribunal. I
did not use any language that alluded to
race and I can only repeat my view that
Ga雝an misheard our exchange.?
that too,? Olsson said. ?Fifa seems to be
on an expansion drive. It?s time people
thought about players, they need time
to rest. It cannot just be money deciding
how football should be organised.?
Fifa?s Congress is set to decide on the
2022 expansion proposal in June.
Some senior Fifa figures have misgivings over expanding a tournament just
four years away. Apart from the effect
on clubs and leagues, there will be the
demand on Qatar to find training facilities for 16 extra teams and it may be the
only option would be to share the tournament with neighbouring countries.
Speaking last week, Infantino called
the expansion ?interesting? and added:
?We have to study it seriously and if it is
possible, why not??
Alexander-Arnold
earns new deal
Paul Joyce
Trent Alexander-Arnold?s impressive
progress at Liverpool has been
rewarded after he triggered a lucrative
pay rise.
The 19-year-old right back, who has
underlined his precocious talent with a
series of eye-catching performances for
J黵gen Klopp?s side in recent weeks,
signed a five-year deal last July with a
series of incentives built in.
Appearance-related clauses were
linked to pay rises and it is understood
that the latest one was activated by his
30th senior game ? the 2-0 victory
over Southampton in February. He
now earns about �,000 a week.
64
2G M
Tuesday April 17 2018 | the times
Sport Football
Big clubs could
be hit with tax
on wage bills
ed the Manchester clubs, Liverpool,
Chelsea, Arsenal and Tottenham
Hotspur when the matter was last
Matt Hughes
formally discussed in October, but the
Deputy Football Correspondent
?big six? require 14 votes out of 20 to
The Premier League?s biggest spenders make the change and have yet to gain
could be asked to pay a so-called luxury any additional backers.
tax based on their wage bill in return for
The ?luxury tax? proposal that is
receiving a greater share of income gaining traction would involve all clubs
from overseas TV rights under plans who spend more than a certain figure
discussed by smaller top-flight clubs.
on wages paying a percentage of their
The Times has learnt that an NBA- spending on player salaries above that
style tax on spending is one of a number amount into a central pot. This would
of potential compromise solutions then be redistributed to those who do
being worked on by clubs who are not exceed the pre-agreed limit.
concerned about losing revenue. These
The Premier League already enforclubs are worried about their ability to ces spending controls by preventing
compete if the Premier League?s ?big clubs from raising their wage bills by
six? succeed in introducing a more than �million each season, but
performance-related element to the the differential remains vast. Manchesdistribution of overseas TV money, ter United?s wage bill was �4 million
which will be discussed at their
for the 2016-17 season compared
annual meeting in June.
with Burnley?s � million.
The mood among the 11
Many of the smaller clubs
clubs, who effectively
fear this gap will increase if
vetoed a proposal to allothe ?big six? gain a greater
cate 35 per cent of the next
share of TV income.
Percentage increase
overseas TV deal (from predicted for foreign TV
Under the present
2019) according to league
overseas TV deal, all clubs
rights to Premier
position, remains vehe- League in next deal, receive � million each
mently opposed to the idea,
season. If the new system
from present
but there is a growing acceptwere in operation the title
�billion
ance that a compromise agreewinners would get � million,
ment may be necessary to preserve the compared with � million for the club
collective selling of TV rights.
finishing bottom. Every club finishing
The reduction in the value of the UK below 13th would be worse off.
TV rights agreed last month for the
Domestic TV money is divided based
2019 to 2022 seasons has increased the on league position and the ?big six?
importance of the overseas rights. Five want to use a similar model for the
of the seven packages sold for overseas rights, arguing that their pop�464 billion, a �0 million drop from ularity abroad has driven up its value.
the existing deal and the other two
Premier League sources insist they
remain unsold.
are not supporting the ?big six? and
In contrast, the overseas rights are Scudamore?s concern is to preserve the
projected to grow by up to 40 per cent, collective bargaining approach that has
from �billion, over the same three- underpinned the league?s huge growth.
year cycle, taking them close to the
The negotiating position of the ?big
value of the domestic deal.
six? is understood to be based on the
Richard Scudamore, the Premier threat that when the next TV deal is reLeague executive chairman, told the newed in 2021, they will seek to sell the
clubs last Friday that he wants the issue rights individually, as is commonplace
resolved this summer. Everton, Leices- in Europe, which would have major
ter City and West Ham United support- implications for the smaller clubs.
exclusive
40
DAVID DAVIES/PA
Most mistakes
leading to a
goal
Premier
League only
6
Petr Cech
(Arsenal)
5
Hugo Lloris
(Tottenham)
Asmir Begovic
(Bournemouth)
Accident prone:
Lloris handed
Stoke?s Diouf
his equaliser
ten days ago
Costly errors put Lloris under the spotlight
Gary Jacob
There has been a good deal of worrying
about Hugo Lloris of late, here and in
France, even if his Tottenham Hotspur
manager yesterday described him as
one of the best goalkeepers in the world.
Horrible mistakes and indecision
against Manchester City on Saturday
followed costly clangers in other recent
games and it has been a mixed season
for the Spurs captain.
Lloris is going through a rough patch
or starting to show signs of decline.
Both are a concern when Tottenham
play Manchester United in the FA Cup
semi-final on Saturday. Suddenly it
looks a more significant decision
whether Mauricio Pochettino takes the
same approach to last season?s FA Cup
semi-final, when he started Lloris
against Chelsea despite Michel Vorm
playing in the previous rounds.
Pochettino counts Lloris as one of
his favourite players, his captain, one of
the most vocal in the dressing room and
the 31-year-old is the squad?s joint-top
THE HOME OF LIVE FOOTBALL
EXCLUSIVE COMMENTARIES
earner, on about �0,000 a week
alongside Harry Kane, reflecting his
status and importance inside the club.
Lloris has made five mistakes that
have led directly to league goals this
season, and the statisticians did not
attribute either mistake to him in the
3-1 defeat by City. He made just two
costly errors last season and three in the
campaign before. Tottenham have
also conceded 30 league goals this
season, more than they did in the whole
of the 2016-17 campaign.
When he recklessly charged out of
his goal and scythed down Raheem
Sterling on Saturday, Lloris showed his
tendency to panic in one-on-one situations. It was a similar picture a week
earlier when he raced off his line to
clear a through ball and hammered it
straight at Mame Biram Diouf, who
equalised for Stoke City. And assessing
similar situations, he came out of his
goal and headed the ball against Leroy
San� who opened the scoring for City a
year ago.
Another of his weaknesses was high-
PREMIE
MIER
R LEAG
L EAGUE
UE
PREMIE
PRE
MIER
R LEAG
L EAGUE
UE
BOURNEMOUTH
LEICESTER CITY
V
1089/1053AM ? DAB Radio ? App ? talkSPORT.com
lighted a fortnight ago when he flapped
at a cross and 羖varo Morata nodded
Chelsea into the lead.
Lloris redeemed himself with saves,
and Tottenham won 3-1, but it was not
the only time that he has struggled with
crosses. He is relatively short for a goalkeeper, at 6ft 2in, and this counts
against him with high crosses. There
are 12 other goalkeepers in the top flight
who are more successful at claiming
high balls.
Despite the criticism of Lloris here
and in France ? where the media have
questioned his position in the team
before this summer?s World Cup ?
Pochettino argued that perspective is
needed. For example, only two other
goalkeepers have more clean sheets in
the league.
?Hugo is improving every season,?
Pochettino said. ?He is one of the best
?keepers in the world. But you know
the perception sometimes, you need to
respect the people?s perception. I don?t
know, because I don?t read [it]. But for
me Hugo is doing fantastic.?
V
MAN UNITED
SOUTHAMPTON
Exclusive coverage tomorrow
from 7pm on talkSPORT
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the times | Tuesday April 17 2018
65
1G M
Sport
Why I rate City best of modern era
earn seven points and their Carabao
Cup triumph ? they beat Arsenal in
the final in February ? is rewarded
with three points.
Chelsea?s 2004-05 side notably
earned a maximum ten points for
their defensive record (they conceded
only 15 goals), while their League Cup
win and Champions League semiManchester City are on course to pip
final appearance in that season
Chelsea at the top of our table of the
brought them another four points in
greatest Premier League
this table.
champions. Many have
At the bottom of
suggested that City are the
our standings are
finest English team in the
Manchester
U
Premier League era, so we
United?s 1996-97
have devised a method
team, who won the
of addressing that
title despite
claim.
gathering
Rather than just
only 75
comparing points
league
tallies, we have also
points
assessed the attacks and defences of
?
each team to lift the Premier League
though
trophy as well as factoring in their
that
results in cup competitions in the
was
same season. The scoring system
still
eenou(top right) reflects league points,
ggh to
goals scored and conceded as well as
ssee
cup success, and Pep Guardiola?s
th
men, who clinched the title with
them
fini
five games to spare on Sunday,
finish seven
will edge out Jos� Mourinho?s
points clear at the
2004-05 Chelsea vintage as
top.
arguably the most accomplished
Arsenal?s
IInvincibles side of
Premier League side if they
22003-04 are widely
maintain their present rate
until the end of the campaign.
praised for
City are on course to gain a
remaining
remarkable 100 points, a
unbeaten in the
tally that has never been
league, but they are
achieved in the Premier
off the pace in our
League era, which
table: their tally of
would earn them a
90 points (they
maximum ten points
drew one third of
in that category in
their games) was
our table. Their
hardly
Guardiola?s side
projected 107 goals
exceptional, while
are on course to
ttheir goal tally (73)
would give them
reach 100 points,
eight points,
was fairly poor
which has never
while 29
and they did not
previously been
goals
reach a cup
done in the
conceded
final that
Premier League
would
season.
Bill Edgar
How it works
We awarded points
to each title winner
as follows
League points
100+.......................10pts
ie 10pts in our table
96-99...........................9pts
92-95............................8pts
88-91.............................7pts
84-87...........................6pts
80-83...........................5pts
76-79............................4pts
72-75.............................3pts
League goals scored
120+............................10pts
110-119..........................9pts
100-109.......................8pts
90-99...........................7pts
80-89...........................6pts
70-79............................5pts
60-69...........................4pts
Goals conceded
15 or fewer..............10pts
16-20............................9pts
21-25.............................8pts
26-30............................7pts
31-35.............................6pts
36-40...........................5pts
41-45.............................4pts
Cups
(FA Cup, League Cup
and leading
European trophies)
Win............................3pts
Runners-up...........2pts
Semi-final exit........1pt
2017-18 Manchester City*
League
points
10
Goals
scored
8
Goals
conceded
7
Other
trophies
3
Total
points
28
2004-05 Chelsea
8
5
10
4
27
2008-09 Manchester United
7
4
8
6
25
2006-07 Manchester United
7
6
7
3
23
2007-08 Manchester United
6
6
8
3
23
2009-10 Chelsea
6
8
6
3
23
2011-12 Manchester City
7
7
7
1
22
2013-14 Manchester City
6
8
5
3
22
2016-17 Chelsea
8
6
6
2
22
1993-94 Manchester United*
5
5
6
5
21
1998-99 Manchester United
4
6
5
6
21
2003-04 Arsenal
7
5
7
2
21
2005-06 Chelsea
7
5
8
1
21
2014-15 Chelsea
6
5
6
3
20
1995-96 Manchester United
5
5
6
3
19
2001-02 Arsenal
6
5
5
3
19
1997-98 Arsenal
4
4
6
4
18
1999-00 Manchester United
7
7
4
0
18
2002-03 Manchester United
5
5
6
2
18
2010-11 Manchester United
5
5
5
3
18
2012-13 Manchester United
7
6
4
0
17
1994-95 Blackburn
5
5
6
0
16
2000-01 Manchester United
5
5
6
0
16
1992-93 Manchester United*
2015-16 Leicester City
4
4
7
0
15
5
4
5
0
14
1996-97 Manchester United
3
5
4
1
13
*Tallies adjusted to a rate of 38 games where necessary (Man City have played 33 this season; teams played 42 games from 1992-93 to 1994-95)
Babies? playgroup classic turned into title anthem
@ETISALAT
Giles Smith
Sport on Television
V
incent Kompany admitted
that his team-mates were
caught cold by
Manchester United?s
capitulation to West Brom
on Sunday, and were therefore, at
the moment of their coronation,
?a bit scattered around the world?.
If the Manchester City captain
sounded apologetic, it was
understandable: his squad had failed
in their duty to supply the privately
shot scenes of communal jubilation
on which, since the gathering in
Jamie Vardy?s kitchen in 2016,
broadcasting officially depends at
such times.
Immense praise to Kompany,
though, for the efforts that he went
to, on his own, to fill the gap. OK, the
scenes he shared of himself watching
the whistle blow at Old Trafford in
his wife?s gran?s front room were
significantly less starry and somewhat
less hectic than the Vardy equivalent,
and there was less collateral damage
(the wall-mounted flatscreen took a
bit of a battering during Leicester
City?s pot-luck supper, if our memory
serves). But they had the
unmistakable tang of real life, not
least on account of the presence in
the gathering of a disgruntled United
fan in a vintage replica shirt.
Initially a gloomy and resolutely
sofa-based presence at the edge of the
shot, the United fan eventually came
centre stage for a standing embrace
with Kompany, a genuinely moving
clinch, properly sending the message
of city-wide, Mancunian togetherness
that, ultimately, transcends all divides
? although the United fan,
understandably, still couldn?t bring
himself to smile about it.
Kompany also took a quieter
moment to leave the room and issue,
via Skype, a nicely composed message
of pleasure and gratitude ? much
like a US president?s fireside chat
from the White House, except that
Kompany was on the computer at his
wife?s gran?s.
And, as if that wasn?t enough, he
then went up the pub and became the
centre of a celebration there ?
addressing the assembled from a
standing position on the brown
leatherette seating (the landlord
gamely turning a blind eye on this
occasion), and then launching into
song. Finally, then, we got our
bouncing scene. Really, until you have
heard the ?championes? chant
distorting through the punished
microphone of a jostled iPhone, has
the title actually been won at all?
The celebratory video tweeted by City?s ?telecommunications partner? features
some questionable lyrics and shots of fans and players clapping to the tune
Look and learn, kids: this is
captaincy. Without Kompany?s efforts,
Sky Sports News would have been
reduced to recycling the usual stuff
under the heading, ?These were the
scenes outside the Etihad?.
The players were soon helping to
fill the void with tweets, and that
photograph was emerging of Pep
Guardiola on a golf course with
Tommy Fleetwood ? amusingly
casual in its way, although Claudio
Ranieri perhaps unattainably upped
the ante in this area in 2016 by flying
to Italy to have lunch with his mum.
By now, Twitter users could also
measure the contribution of Etisalat,
City?s ?official telecommunications
partner in the UAE?, which issued a
made-to-fit video clip of players
hugging each other and clapping
along to an adaptation of the great
babies? playgroup classic, ?If you?re
happy and you know it, clap your
hands?. Has that song ever risen from
the terraces of an English football
ground in the Premier League era? It
did here, in a version that was long on
Pepsi-ad schmaltz but short on the
rhyming that commonly makes the
number swing in toddler-friendly
settings. Example: ?If you?re happy
that we did it and you really want to
show it, if you?re here for Man City,
clap your hands.? Hmm.
Perhaps more authentic was the
contribution of Jos� Mourinho who,
with typical good grace, took this
opportunity to remind viewers on
Match of the Day of his own record (?I
won eight titles. Two wins against
Manchester City is not a title for me?)
and added: ?No dramas when the best
team wins the league.? If gran?s front
room is the new kitchen, ?no dramas?
must be the new ?congratulations?.
Whatever, it all went to show that
broadcasters can throw billions at
football, and, somehow hearteningly,
the game still won?t conspire to fit
telly?s tidy narrative framework. At
that point, it?s all about social media,
and television can only chase along
behind, panting hard.
66
2G M
Tuesday April 17 2018 | the times
Sport Premier League champions 2017-18
Sport
City?s rivals face daunting
Oliver Kay
Chief Football
Correspondent
So how do you solve a problem like
Manchester City? They have swept all
before them in the Premier League this
season, confirmed as champions with
five games still to play, and Pep Guardiola will be given fortunes to spend as he
sets his sights even higher. For the rivals
left trailing in their wake, the challenge
is an unnerving one. ?Not impossible?,
Mauricio Pochettino said yesterday,
but certainly very difficult.
?It is a tricky question,? the Tottenham Hotspur manager said when asked
how his team could hope to catch City.
?It?s not easy because . . . it?s not all about
money in football, that?s true, but it
helps. It helps a lot. It?s like happiness,
you know? It?s not that if you?re a billionaire, you?re going to be happy, but
that sure helps a lot.
?In football it?s the same. You can
work unbelievably [well], you can have
these ideas on football as a coach or a
coaching staff. But then you need the
principal actors to deliver this idea and,
of course, if you have better players,
better quality . . . If you want a bigger
house, you need to pay what the market
says. If you want five rooms, you need to
have the money to pay for five rooms. If
you want one or two, you need less
money. But then the quality is
completely different.?
Pochettino is not quite in the Carlos
Carvalhal class when it comes to analogies, but you could see what he was
getting at. City are operating in a different market to Tottenham and, even
now, with far greater scope for expansion. In Monopoly terms, City have
bought four houses on every property
from Leicester Square to Mayfair after
pulling the ultimate Chance card from
the deck (?You have been taken over by
a sheikh from Abu Dhabi. Collect �billion.?) Now they want to turn those
properties into hotels. Tottenham are
playing a far shrewder game than some
of their rivals, doing everything right,
building patiently within their means,
but it is hard to keep improving, never
mind to compete with the powerhouse
that City have become.
In their first three seasons under
Pochettino, Tottenham finished fifth,
third and second in the Premier League
with 64, 70 and 86 points. They are on
course for 77 points this time, the price
for a serious loss of form before Christmas, but a sense of progress can be
drawn from their run to the FA Cup
semi-final, in which they face
Manchester United on Saturday, and
the Champions League knockout stage.
The next step was always going to be
the most difficult for any team to make
? and that also includes Manchester
United and Liverpool, making strides
under Jos� Mourinho and J黵gen
Klopp respectively ? but it threatens
to be much, much harder if City, on
course for a record-breaking total of
100 points, keep up this pace.
If the requirement is to break the 90point barrier, let alone get close to 100,
then it is a daunting one. Even if they
win all their remaining games this
season, Liverpool and Tottenham will
finish with a maximum of 82. It would
be a testament to the managerial
powers of Klopp and Pochettino to
suggest that getting more out of their
respective squads will be easier said
than done and that room for improvement is hard to identify.
Kyle Walker
and John
Stones
celebrated
City?s title
win with a
round of golf
yesterday,
with the
latter, right,
wearing a
full bunny
costume
What happened
after Guardiola?s
other first title wins?
Barcelona
(2008-2012)
First title
2008-09, won
by nine points
Summer
spending in 2009
� million
Major ins
Zlatan Ibrahimovic, Maxwell
Major outs
Samuel Eto?o
So what happened?
Lost just once all season as they
won the 2009-10 La Liga title by
three points from Real Madrid.
Having won the Champions League
in the previous year Guardiola was
knocked out in the semi-finals by
Jos� Mourinho?s Inter Milan. Despite
selling Thierry Henry, Yaya Tour�
and Ibrahimovic at the end of that
season he went on to win both
competitions in 2010-11. His final
season ended with the Copa del Rey
as his only trophy and, on
announcing his decision to leave he
said: ?I have always wanted shortterm contracts. Four years is an
eternity as Barcelona coach.?
Bayern Munich
(2013-2016)
First title
2013-14, won by
19 points
Summer
spending in 2014
� million
Major ins
Robert Lewandowski, Medhi
Benatia, Xabi Alonso
Major outs
Toni Kroos, Mario Mandzukic
So what happened?
Won the Bundesliga by ten points
but Guardiola again fell in the semifinals of the Champions League, this
time to his former club Barcelona. In
the following season, strengthened
by the signings of Arturo Vidal and
Douglas Costa, Bayern took the title
again with a ten-point gap between
them and second-placed Borussia
Dortmund. In his final season at the
club Guardiola fell short of
European glory again, this time
losing on away goals in the semifinal to Atletico Madrid.
Klopp will hope that a full season
with Virgil van Dijk at the heart of the
defence can make a difference and that
Naby Ke飔a?s arrival from RB Leipzig
will bolster a midfield that can look
ponderous. Pochettino?s first wish this
summer will be to keep disruptions to
his squad to a minimum.
The tension over contract negotiations with Toby Alderweireld, Danny
Rose and Mousa Demb閘� does not
help. Recruiting players of the quality
to improve their starting XI will not be
easy with a budget that, as Pochettino
referenced somewhat obliquely, is
considerably smaller than City?s.
At least Liverpool and Tottenham are
working towards an established longterm plan, which has served them well
to this point. At Arsenal, uncertainty
persists over the future of Ars鑞e
Wenger, which leaves both players and
recruitment staff unsure whether this
will be another summer of quiet stirring
or one of drastic upheaval.
Even as they look ahead to a Europa
League semi-final, Arsenal are 33
points adrift of City ? and, perhaps
more ignominiously, 13 points adrift of
fourth-placed
Tottenham.
Their
unlikely new penchant for knockout
competitions notwithstanding, theirs i
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