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The Times - 19 December 2017 (1)

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daily newspaper of the year
Tuesday December 19 2017 | thetimes.co.uk | No 72410
Only �to subscribers �60
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The best low-calorie wines
Plus: Can you really cure a hangover?
INSIDE
TIMES2
New ANC leader vows to tackle corruption in South Africa
Aislinn Laing Soweto
South Africa?s ruling African National
Congress elected Cyril Ramaphosa, a
respected businessman, as its president
yesterday to succeed the scandal-hit
Jacob Zuma.
Mr Zuma, who oversaw growing
corruption and a failing economy
during a decade in power, had sought to
install his ex-wife to the ANC presidency in the apparent hope that she might
shield him from prosecution. Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma?s narrow defeat by
Mr Ramaphosa raised hopes last night
that South Africa could be rescued
from a downward spiral and curbed
fears that the ANC could lose power in
elections in 2019.
Mr Ramaphosa, 65, is a lawyer by
training who founded a mining trade
union during apartheid before going
into business and becoming one of
South Africa?s richest men. Returning
to politics as Mr Zuma?s deputy in 2014,
he took him on when the leadership
race began this year, vowing to tackle
corruption and jail those found to have
been complicit.
Mr Zuma, 75, sacked two respected
finance ministers and replaced them
with cronies. This prompted crashes in
the rand and ratings downgrades.
The election of Mr Ramaphosa, a
close ally and friend of Nelson Mandela, was greeted by deafening cheers in
the Soweto conference hall where the
ANC held its 54th national conference.
He has signalled that he will adopt
market-friendly policies to rescue the
country?s poorest. His rival had promised mine nationalisations and white
land grabs to achieve the same ends. He
may now feel tempted to oust Mr Zuma,
who is due to remain president of South
Africa until the 2019 elections. However, two close allies of Mr Zuma and his
ex-wife were installed as deputy
president and ANC secretary-general.
Mandela?s man wins, pages 34-35
TRACY/SIPA USA/REX/SHUTTERSTOCK
Sadists at six:
why children
get a taste for
punishment
Tom Whipple Science Editor
Derailed Six people died when a train came off its tracks at 81mph over a motorway in Washington state. The train was making its first journey on a faster route. Page 37
Police ?took bribes from
organised crime gang?
Allegations against Britain?s fourth-biggest force led to collapse of �5m investigation
times investigation
Fiona Hamilton Crime Editor
A �5 million inquiry into one of
Britain?s most notorious crime gangs
collapsed after multiple claims of police
corruption, an investigation by The
Times has revealed.
Officers from Greater Manchester
police were accused of taking bribes
from associates of Paul Massey, the
underworld ?Mr Big? who was
murdered in Salford two years ago. The
allegations emerged during Operation
Holly, a five-year inquiry into money
laundering, fraud and tax offences,
which centred on a security company
for which Massey, 55, was a consultant.
Detectives believed that he was a
?shadow director? for 21st Security Ltd
and that it was used to launder funds
and disguise the gang?s gains.
Greater Manchester, Britain?s fourth
largest force, was facing serious questions last night after this newspaper
exposed the corruption allegations and
established that the force had failed to
investigate them. This was a factor in a
decision by prosecutors in June not to
bring charges against Massey?s alleged
associates, it is understood.
Massey, who was involved in
racketeering, extortion and drugs, was
shot five times with a sub-machinegun
in the driveway of his home in July 2015.
Police believe that his murder was the
result of a feud with a rival gang, which
also led to a seven-year-old boy and his
mother being shot in the legs on their
doorstep three months later.
Massey and his alleged associates
had been under investigation since 2011
through Operation Holly, which was
run by Titan, the northwest regional
organised crime unit, a collaboration
between six forces. The inquiry had 55
suspects, six of whom were arrested,
including Massey. One of the suspects
made extensive admissions about
money laundering in a police interview.
Officers believed that they had uncovered evidence related to fraudulent
trading, fraud by false representation,
false accounting and cheating the
Continued on page 8, col 3
They are the golden milestones of
childhood. Smiling by six weeks,
walking by the age of one, talking by
two. Then, of course, at six you reach
that magical age when you at last
understand the vindictive urge for vigilante justice against your fellow man.
Scientists claim to have found the
point at which children derive sufficient
pleasure from seeing someone being
punished that they are prepared to pay
for the experience ? and it is very early.
However, they also said there was no
need to feel less affectionate towards
children because of their self-righteous
sadism: they are learning to be adults.
For the research, published in the
journal Nature Human Behaviour, 65
children were shown puppets who were
nasty or nice. The nice puppet would
offer a toy and let the child have it. The
nasty puppet would offer but keep it.
Then the puppets were beaten up.
Midway through the puppet-bashing,
a curtain fell. To raise it again, the
children had to give the psychologists
a token that could otherwise be
exchanged for a sticker. Only by the age
of six were they prepared to forgo the
sticker to witness the puppet being
punished, and when they did it was to
see the bad puppet get its comeuppance.
The question is, why? Nikolaus
Steinbeis, from University College
London, believes such behaviour may
be fundamental to being human. ?We
need to get away from the judgment,
and stop thinking this is horrid,? he said.
?Punishment is a very effective way of
ensuring others around you behave in a
fair way . . . So a feeling of reward when
seeing a deserved punishment helps
ensure that happens.?
Watching the children?s faces in the
study showed that their feelings were
complicated. ?On the one hand they
were seeing punishment, something
that typically elicits empathy. So there
was a frown. But this was also mixed
with pleasure,? Dr Steinbeis said. Not
everyone was so conflicted, he added:
?One child [was] clearly chuckling to
himself as the punishment unfolds.?
4
2G M
Tuesday December 19 2017 | the times
News
T O D AY ? S E D I T I O N
Action plan to
save oceans
Husband?s
?murder-suicide?
May writes
new EU speech
Cutting plastic
pollution of the ocean
will be a key target of a
25-year plan to improve
the environment
that Michael Gove
is to publish in the
new year. Page 6
A man killed his wife
and hanged himself
after an anonymous
note saying she was
having an affair was put
through the door of
their Suffolk home, an
inquest was told. Page 7
Theresa May is
preparing a third big
speech setting out
Britain?s future terms
with the EU in the
new year amid cautious
hope of a cabinet
consensus. Page 14
COMMENT
Would-be Tory leaders are flaunting their
Brexit credentials to the party faithful
RACHEL SYLVESTER, PAGE 29
France to sell
state assets
US markets at
record highs
Australia take
Ashes back
President Macron of
France is poised to sell
?10 billion of state
holdings in airports,
the national lottery
and the Engie energy
group in a wave of
privatisations. Page 35
America?s three main
markets closed at fresh
highs as expectation
grew that the Congress
would approve this
week the biggest tax
overhaul in three
decades. Page 43
England lost the Ashes
when Australia
triumphed in the
third Test in Perth
by an innings and
41 runs, taking a 3-0
lead in the five-match
series. Page 72
THUNDERER 30
LETTERS 32
LEADING ARTICLES 33
MARKETS 54-55
REGISTER 58
LAW REPORT 60
SPORT 62
CROSSWORD 72
TV & RADIO TIMES2
FOLLOW US
thetimes
timesandsundaytimes
DINNER
TONIGHT
Quick coq au vin
Making coq au vin
properly ? including
marinating the
chicken overnight ?
cannot be done after
work. This quickie
version is one of my
favourite comfort
suppers. I add peas,
and sometimes carrot
and potatoes, with a
parsley garnish.
Serves 2 Prep 20 min
Cook 30 min
Ingredients: 1 large
shallot or small onion;
1 tbsp butter; 1 tbsp
olive oil; 2 large
chicken breasts; 1 tbsp
flour; 2 large, flat
mushrooms; 2 rashers
streaky bacon; 150g
frozen petits pois;
150ml red wine; 200ml
chicken stock; few
sprigs flat-leaf parsley.
Halve, peel and finely
chop the shallot. Melt
the butter in the olive
oil in a frying pan, stir
in the shallot and cook
gently, stirring often.
Following the grain,
slice the chicken in
chunky strips. Toss
with seasoned flour.
Wipe the mushrooms
and slice in 4 or 5.
Chop the bacon. Tip
the peas into a
colander. Stir the
thetimes
bacon into the shallot,
cooking until the fat
crisps. Move shallot
and bacon to the side
of the pan, increase
the heat slightly and
brown the chicken.
Add the wine. Let it
bubble up while you
stir to incorporate the
shallot and bacon,
creating a thick sauce.
Fold in mushrooms,
then the stock. Keep
stirring, and when the
sauce is creamy,
reduce the heat and
leave to simmer for
10-15 min. Season to
taste. Add the peas
and either cover and
leave for 10 min or
simmer for 2-3 min
until done. Chop the
parsley. Fold in just
before serving.
Lindsey Bareham
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dry but cloudy. Full forecast, page 61
� TIMES NEWSPAPERS LIMITED, 2017. Published and licensed for
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syndication@thetimes.co.uk
Ministers told to come clean
over multibillion-pound jets
Deborah Haynes Defence Editor
Alexi Mostrous Head of Investigations
Defence ministers have been accused
of an ?unacceptable? lack of transparency over the multibillion-pound
purchase of the world?s most expensive
warplane.
The failure to disclose the true costs
of its programme to buy dozens of F-35
Lightning II fast jets could undermine
public confidence in the project, according to the defence select committee. Britain yesterday took ownership
of the 14th of a planned total of 138 of
the jets that are built by Lockheed Martin, the US manufacturer.
The MPs spoke out in response to an
investigation by The Times in July. They
urged ministers to give MPs six-monthly updates on the warplane. The committee said the government?s failure to
provide adequate cost estimates for the
F-35 was ?wholly unsatisfactory?.
Stephen Lovegrove, permanent secretary at the Ministry of Defence, told
MPs that it would not be possible to
calculate the true cost per aircraft until
the mid-2030s when Britain would
have bought all 138 planes. Harriett
Baldwin, a defence minister, would only
say that the total cost of the programme
through to 2026 would be �1 billion.
That position ?amounts to an openended financial commitment which
The Times revealed the jets cannot
function properly because of cuts
can be quantified only in retrospect?,
the committee concluded.
The Times found that Britain is paying hundreds of millions of pounds in
hidden costs for the next-generation
warplane that will be unable to function
properly because of defence cuts.
Insiders claimed a failure to invest in
military communication would diminish one of the plane?s key selling points:
its ability to share data from advanced
sensors with older aircraft and the
Royal Navy?s new aircraft carrier. HMS
Queen Elizabeth has a broadband
connection of only eight megabits,
about a quarter of that of the average
British home. The F-35 will not be able
to send data on enemy threats back to
ground forces while in flight.
MPs expressed frustration at the
MoD?s inability to provide adequate
cost estimates either of the whole programme or of a single F-35. ?It is simply
not acceptable for the Ministry of Defence to refuse to disclose to parliament
and the public its estimates for the total
cost of the programme,? they said.
The committee added: ?We thank
The Times for its investigation and for
focusing attention upon the procurement of this vital military capability.?
Addressing concerns about the ability of the F-35 to communicate with
older aircraft, the report welcomed
acknowledgement from the MoD of
the value of using a multifunctional
advanced data link. This technology
enables communication from the F-35
while retaining the jet?s stealth mode.
An MoD spokesman said: ?We refute
any suggestion of a lack of transparency in the F-35 programme.?
6 HMS Queen Elizabeth, the UK?s new
�1 billion aircraft carrier, sprung a
leak that let in 200 litres of water an
hour during her sea trials, it was revealed yesterday. The Royal Navy said
that the problem with the shaft seal was
scheduled for repair in Portsmouth and
added: ?It does not prevent her from
sailing again and her sea trials programme will not be affected.?
Student gamers behind cyberattack
Mark Bridge Technology Correspondent
Hacking software that brought down
major websites last year was not
created by Russia or China, as experts
first suspected, but by students obsessed with the video game Minecraft.
The Mirai ?botnet? grabbed headlines in October 2016 when it shut
down scores of websites including
Twitter, eBay, Reddit and CNN, halting
a large part of all web traffic in Europe
and the US for hours.
The software scans the internet for
poorly defended ?connected devices?
such as security cameras that have factory default passwords. It takes control
of these devices without the owner?s
knowledge and can use them to
bombard servers with web traffic,
causing connections to fail.
Mirai infected nearly 65,000 devices
in its first 20 hours and ultimately
commanded between 200,000 and
300,000 devices. Court proceedings in
the US have revealed that Mirai was
created by Paras Jha, a 21-year-old New
Jersey college student, and his friends
Josiah White, 20, and Dalton Norman,
21. It was later used by unknown third
parties in the attack last year.
All three men pleaded guilty to
cybercrime charges last week with the
intention of extorting money from
fellow Minecraft players and businesses. They will be sentenced next year.
For several years, Minecraft players
have paid hackers between $5 and $55
to launch attacks on their rivals. The
game has 55 million users. Server companies, which allow players to compete
in multiplayer games, have also commissioned attacks on competitors so
that their service is disrupted and they
become less attractive to customers.
Most previous attacks delivered up to
50 gigabits per second of traffic but
Mirai could deliver more than 1,200 gigabits. ?They didn?t realise the power
they were unleashing,? Bill Walton, an
FBI supervisory special agent, told
Wired magazine. His colleague, Elliott
Peterson, added that Mirai had posed
an ?existential threat? to the internet.
Experts called in to stop Shed elitist
young pupils self-harming image, private
Kat Lay Health Correspondent
Mental health experts have been called
in by a primary school after its pupils
were found to be self-harming.
Mind, the mental health charity, has
gone into the school in Maidstone,
Kent, to train staff. Harrietsham
Church of England Primary School has
received a �650 National Lottery
grant to fund the work.
James Walker, a project manager at
the local branch of Mind, said: ?We
mostly work with secondary schools in
Kent and even Essex, but this was the
first primary to contact us. When we arrived we noticed some children were
anxious about moving to secondary
school, which is quite common. As we
spent more time, we discovered evidence of pupils harming themselves.?
There is widespread concern over
the state of children?s mental health.
Last month Anne Longfield, the children?s commissioner, warned that children as young as 13 were attempting sui-
cide because they felt help was available
only in extreme circumstances.
Harrietsham is also running classes
for pupils focusing on anger management, tackling anxiety and building resilience and self-esteem. Linda Oliver,
the head teacher, said: ?We are extremely proud to be the first primary
school in Kent to receive lottery funding to support children?s mental health
and build their resilience.?
The Times?s Time to Mind campaign
has called for more and earlier investment in child and adolescent mentalhealth services to prevent minor problems from escalating.
6 Young people who self harm are
much more likely to be dealing with
emotional pain than trying to attract
attention, a study has found. An analysis of 10,000 cases from 46 studies
concluded that only between a quarter
and a third of self-harm patients do so
to communicate with or influence
others. The study is published in the
Journal of Affective Disorders.
schools urged
Rosemary Bennett Education Editor
Private schools should emphasise their
similarities to state schools, not their
difference and superiority, if they want
to attract pupils from more disadvantaged backgrounds to apply for funded
places, according to the new head of the
Girls? School Association.
Gwen Byrom, headmistress of
Loughborough High School, said that
the strapline on her video for prospective parents was ?reassuringly normal?.
?The stereotype of an independent
school and the people running them is
dangerously outdated,? she said, adding
that changing such perceptions was
crucial to social mobility.
Ms Byrom, 47, urged private schools
to shed their elitist image, which she
said was one reason why few deprived
families were applying for full bursaries, often fearing their children will not
fit in or will feel out of their depth.
the times | Tuesday December 19 2017
5
2G M
News
Star Wars ratings in free fall as
hardcore fans shoot down plot
LUCASFILM
Matthew Moore Media Correspondent
Some say it?s a revolt by ordinary people
against the smug elite consensus.
Others see a malicious campaign orchestrated through trolls and bots.
Either way, the population is divided
? and by an issue much more emotive
than Brexit. Is the new Star Wars film
actually any good?
The majority of critics lauded Star
Wars: the Last Jedi before its release in
cinemas last Friday. In a five-star review for The Times, Kevin Maher said it
was the best Star Wars film of the series,
while The Guardian praised the ?explosive thrill-ride of galactic proportions?
and Rolling Stone magazine called it
?simply stupendous?.
However, a significant chunk of the
film-going public seems to disagree, at
least if you scroll through the comments posted by diehard fans online.
On Rotten Tomatoes, a site consulted by millions of film buffs, The Last Jedi
has an ?audience score? of 56 per cent.
In contrast the Disney film scored 93
per cent with critics, based on the verdicts of hundreds of professional reviewers. This disparity between critical and audience reception is significantly larger than for all previous films
in the Star Wars franchise. Other
aggregation sites paint a similar picture; Metacritic users handed the film
an average rating of 4.9 out of 10,
compared with a critics? score of 86 out
of 100.
The film took $450 million at the box
office globally over its opening weekend, suggesting that casual cinemagoers are entertained. Indeed, it awarded
a high ?A? by people as they left cinemas
on opening night, in a survey by Comscore, the same grade as previous instalments The Force Awakens (2015)
and Rogue One (2016).
Who, then, is driving the critical reaction? Analysis of the 105,000 audience reviews on Rotten Tomatoes suggests that many long-time Star Wars
devotees are angered by liberties taken
by Rian Johnson, the director, accusing
him of failing to show sufficient respect
for the saga?s ?canon? of previous works.
Other diehards are infuriated by unexpected plot twists, accusing Johnson of
failing to provide suitably compelling
origin stories for the characters of Rey
and Supreme Leader Snoke.
The film?s liberal undertones ? it has
been described as ?the most triumphantly feminist Star Wars movie yet?
? also irritated some conservatives. ?I
am no longer a fan of Star Wars. This
movie was incoherent,? wrote one reviewer. ?The best way to describe what
Many fans have
given The Last
Jedi low ratings,
accusing it of
ignoring
the saga?s
previous works
People power
6 The growing
influence of review
aggregation websites
such as Rotten
Tomatoes, owned by
the online film ticketing
service Fandango, is
causing alarm in
Hollywood. Films that
attract a green splat ?
the website?s equivalent
of a thumbs down ? are
thought to fare worse at
the box office
6 Two of the summer?s
most heavily marketed
films, Baywatch and
Pirates of the
Caribbean: Dead Men
Tell No Tales, both
underperformed after
being awarded a
?rotten? rating.
6 Fearing negative
reviews, Sony Pictures
decided not to show
The Emoji Movie to
critics until hours before
it was released in
America. The
film took
$24.5 million on
its opening
weekend despite
receiving a
6 per cent rating.
6 Martin
Scorsese has
led the attack
on Rotten
Tomatoes,
saying it is ?hostile to
serious film-makers?
and has ?nothing to do
with real film criticism?.
6 Ratings on Imdb.com,
a film website that also
aggregates audience
reviews, are susceptible
to rigging, research
has indicated. The
low rating awarded
to the climate
change movie An
Inconvenient
Sequel: Truth
to Power
this
year
raised
concerns.
happened is a bunch of elite liberals got
together and decided how best they can
put their narrative . . . within the film.?
Another complained: ?Tons of plot
holes and it seems like Rian Johnson
didn?t even watch The Force Awakens.?
Jake M, who awarded the film half a
star, concluded: ?The general public
will love this. If you are a Star Wars fan
who has even the slightest bit of knowledge. . . of the Star Wars universe, you
will hate it.?
Many agreed that Disney, which
bought the franchise in 2012, had undermined the original vision of George
Lucas, the Star Wars creator. The controller of a Facebook page titled ?Down
With Disney?s Treatment of Franchises
and Fanboys? even claimed to have
used ?bot? accounts to drive the film?s
score even lower.
Disney shrugged off the controversy
yesterday, praising Johnson for ?delivering an experience that is totally Star
Wars yet at the same time fresh, unexpected and new?.
Scientists
sniff out
first test for
Parkinson?s
Oliver Moody Science Correspondent
Scientists have found the first parts of a
possible chemical test for Parkinson?s
thanks to the nose of a Scottish woman
who can smell the disease.
Joy Milne, a 67-year-old retired
nurse from Perth, began to notice an
increasingly musky note in the scent of
her husband, Les, about a decade before
he was diagnosed with the condition in
1997.
A subsequent experiment by researchers at the University of Edinburgh established that Mrs Milne could
accurately determine which of a dozen
T-shirts had been worn by Parkinson?s
patients from their smell.
The academics now say that they
have identified ten volatile compounds
that are distinctive to the skin of people
with the disease and could form the
basis for a simple test.
Parkinson?s affects about 130,000
people in the UK, and as many as ten
million around the world. It begins with
mild tremors and stiffness but symptoms can develop to include dizziness,
nerve pain and trouble with balancing.
There are no effective tools for diagnosing it beyond a doctor?s judgment of the
symptoms.
The research team working with Mrs
Milne say that her sense of smell has
already led them to a molecular profile
for the condition, although their findings have yet to be published in a
scientific journal.
?It is very humbling to have this
ability to help find some signature
molecules to diagnose Parkinson?s,?
Perdita Barran, professor of mass
spectrometry at the University of
Manchester, told a BBC One Scotland
documentary about the case.
?It was Joy and Les who were absolutely convinced that what she could
smell would be something that could be
used in a clinical context, and so now
we are beginning to do that.?
Mr Milne died in 2015 at the age of 65.
His wife promised him that she would
use her nose to benefit others with the
condition.
Tilo Kunath, of Edinburgh University, said Mrs Milne?s sense was so keen
that she had smelled the early signs of
Parkinson?s on one individual?s T-shirt
months before he was diagnosed.
?She was telling us that this individual had Parkinson?s before he knew,
before anybody knew,? Dr Kunath said,
?So then I really started to believe that
she could detect it from a person?s
odour.?
6
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Tuesday December 19 2017 | the times
News
KIRAN RIDLEY/BARCROFT IMAGES
No. 2111
� PUZZLER MEDIA
Suko�
Place the numbers 1 to 9 in the
spaces so that the number in each
circle is equal to the sum of the four
surrounding spaces, and each colour
total is correct
Solution and more puzzles
MindGames in Times2
Twitter bans far right
Twitter has suspended accounts
belonging to the leaders of the
far-right group Britain First as it
implements tougher rules on hate
speech. Jayda Fransen, the group?s
deputy leader whose anti-Muslim
tweets were shared by President
Trump last month, has been
taken offline, as has the leader
Paul Golding. Other banned
organisations include the
American Nazi Party and the
League of the South, which aims
to establish a new confederacy in
the southern states of the US.
Step by step Ekaterina Bulgutova stars in Russian State Ballet of Siberia?s production of Cinderella, part of Cardiff?s Christmas ballet season at St David?s Hall from today
alert
Recycling revolution to cut Charity
over true cost
rising tide of plastic waste of Christmas
Ben Webster
Ben Webster Environment Editor
Cutting plastic pollution in the ocean
will be a key objective of a 25-year plan
to improve the environment published
by Michael Gove next month.
The environment secretary will target single-use plastic as he sets out how
the government will deliver its manifesto commitment ?to be the first
generation to leave the environment in
a better state than we inherited it?.
He is also keen to encourage retailers
to reduce the number of different
plastics they use, to make it easier to
recover and recycle their packaging.
The Department for Environment,
Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) is investigating a fundamental shift in how
recycling targets are set, ending the
European Union?s system of measuring
progress according to the total weight
of waste that is recycled.
The focus on weight has resulted in
councils trying to boost their reported
recycling levels by collecting more lowvalue but heavy waste. Mr Gove wants
to incentivise recycling based on the
environmental impact and value of the
material. This could include focusing
on cutting greenhouse gases, which
would result in greater recycling of aluminium and plastic because doing so
consumes less energy and fossil fuel
than producing virgin material.
The government?s 25-year environment plan will be followed later in the
year by a detailed waste and resources
strategy that will set out specific
measures. Mr Gove is particularly
focused on reducing plastic pollution of
the ocean after saying that he was
?haunted? by scenes showing marine
creatures harmed by plastic waste in
David Attenborough?s Blue Planet II. Mr
Analysis
A
fter years
of vowing
to increase
recycling
rates the
government has a
new urgency (Ben
Webster writes).
This is because
China will no longer
process poor-quality
material that other
countries send there
for recycling.
England has one of
the lowest recycling
rates in Europe, at
44 per cent, and
councils may send
more waste to landfill
or incinerate it if
Gove should consider banning plastic
products that are hard to recycle, such
as black plastic food trays, as well as setting minimum levels of recycled content in products such as plastic bottles.
Coca-Cola has pledged that 50 per
cent of the material used to make its UK
bottles will be recycled plastic by 2020.
Dominic Hogg, chairman of Eunomia, the environmental consultancy,
said Mr Gove should ban or tax singleuse plastic items, such as cups, cutlery
and straws, which make up a significant
proportion of litter on beaches.
He suggested setting a target to reduce the amount of unrecycled household waste per person, a system used in
parts of Belgium and northern Italy.
About 114,000 tonnes of plastic will be
thrown away and not recycled this
Christmas, according to analysis of
government figures.
More than 88,000,000 sq m of wrapping paper and 300,000 tonnes of card
packaging will also be used over the festive season, a coalition of environmental charities found.
The charities, which include the
RSPCA, the National Trust, Orca and
the Wildlife Trusts, are raising the issue
of plastic waste in particular, because it
degrades slowly and is causing damage
to marine wildlife.
Sally Hamilton, the director of Orca,
a whale and dolphin charity, said: ?The
sheer scale of the environmental impact that Christmas 2017 will have is
alarming. Without a collective effort by
the public, industry and government
much of this waste will find its way into
our beautiful natural spaces, causing
untold devastation in the process.?
The total amount of plastic packaging produced has increased from 1.8
million tonnes in 2004 to 2.2 million
tonnes in 2014. Over that period the
proportion of plastic waste recycled increased from 19 per cent to 38 per cent.
The charities said the total amount of
plastic not recycled at Christmas had
fallen slightly over the past decade,
from 125,0000 tonnes to 114,000.
A spokesman for the Department for
Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
said: ?The UK is a world leader in tackling plastic waste ? taking nine billion
plastic bags out of circulation with our
5p carrier bag charge and drawing up
one of the world?s toughest bans on microbeads. Recycling rates and separate
food waste collections are increasing.?
Letters, page 32
Leading article, page 33
China will no longer
accept it. Look in any
recycling bin and you
will find items that
should not be there.
This is because
councils have
different rules and
many people cannot
be bothered to
observe them. Waste
companies use sorting
machines and teams
of workers who grab
items off conveyor
belts, but bales of
plastic, paper or card
are still contaminated
and often require
expensive sorting at
plants in China.
Gove wants to reduce the overall consumption of single-use plastic and is
considering introducing refundable
deposits on plastic drinks bottles.
Defra is also considering ways to reduce confusion over what can and cannot be recycled by encouraging local
authorities to adopt common standards
as far as possible. Councils have varying
rules because they have different contracts with waste companies. Some
collect food waste and plastic pots, tubs
and trays while others do not. Some tell
households to mix glass and paper in
the same bag while others insist the two
materials are kept separate.
Simon Ellin, chief executive of the
Recycling Association, which represents recycling companies, said Mr
Packaging should be
cut to a minimum and
made from a few
types of easily
recyclable plastic.
Types that are harder
to recycle, such as
black plastic food
trays, should be
banned or taxed.
Rules should be
simplified to make it
easier for households
to follow them.
Penalising those that
fail to do so would
help, but Michael
Gove may baulk at
that for fear of
headlines about the
?bin police?.
NHS posts unfilled
Almost one in ten frontline NHS
hospital posts is vacant, according
to data compiled by Labour that
shows there to be about 100,000
such vacancies nationally. The
estimates were projected from the
responses of 82 NHS trusts to a
series of freedom of information
requests. The Department of
Health said: ?There are over
32,300 more clinical staff working
in the NHS since 2010.?
Rubber bullets warning
Rubber or plastic bullets should
not be used for crowd control as
they pose a risk of causing severe
injuries and death, health experts
have warned. A global study
published in BMJ Open by
Physicians for Human Rights and
the International Network of
Civil Liberties Organisations
found that 3 per cent pf people
died of their injuries, and nearly
71 per cent of injures were severe.
Stalking nurse jailed
A female nurse posed online as a
male doctor and persuaded
women to send her explicit
photographs and then threatened
them if they cut off contact with
her. At Kilmarnock sheriff court
Adele Rennie, 27, admitted 18
charges including stalking and
having sexual conversations
without consent. She was jailed
for 22 months and placed on the
sex offenders register.
Bananas in peril
Banana plantations could be
destroyed by a ?perfect storm? of
three pests to which the fruit has
no resistance, scientists have said.
These include the banana bunchy
top virus, the banana skipper
butterfly and Panama disease, the
latter of which alone could
damage ?banana production
around the world?, Dr Roger Day,
of the Centre for Agriculture and
Bioscience International, said.
the times | Tuesday December 19 2017
7
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News
Anonymous note led jealous husband to kill
ARCHANT
ing of February 26, but the length of
premeditation is not known.?
Peter Dean, the senior Suffolk coroner, recorded that the death of Mrs Pitkin was unlawful killing and the death
of her husband was suicide.
Dr Dean said: ?It is difficult to envisage a more tragic situation than this.
Clearly there were these difficulties
and it is also clear from looking at all of
the evidence that Mr Pitkin died in a
manner which was not spontaneous
and had thought through his actions
before undertaking them on that day.
?It is also clear from the evidence that
there was nothing to alert anybody of
the awful nature of what took place.?
Will Humphries
A man killed his wife and hanged himself after learning that she was having
an affair from an anonymous note that
was pushed through their door.
Richard Pitkin, 65, stabbed his wife,
Sarah, 58, in the neck several times in
their bedroom and then took his own
life in the same room at their 16th
century home in Stowmarket, Suffolk.
Their son Tommy found a note on
door of the bedroom, which had been
barricaded from the inside, saying that
he should call the police.
Officers forced their way in on February 26 and found the bodies of Mr
Pitkin, a builder, and Mrs Pitkin, the
deputy manager of a charity shop. The
couple had been married for 37 years.
An inquest in Ipswich was told that
Mr Pitkin had left three notes and
carried out internet searches on suicide
and killing his wife in the days before
they died.
Detective Superintendent David
Cutler of Suffolk police said: ?In late
January, an anonymous note was delivered through the family door alleging
that Sarah was having an affair with a
local man. Following the receipt of this
note, Sarah made a decision to separate
from Richard and went to live with her
mother. In the month preceding her
death, Sarah had been in a relationship
with this man.?
Mr Cutler said that Tommy, who
worked with his father in his carpentry
and decorating business, said that Mr
Pitkin had been ?fine and they were
laughing and messing around as normal? on the day of the deaths.
Tommy arrived home at 11.30am and
was told by his father that his mother
was coming round to ?talk about finances? and that he should ?make himself
scarce?. About 1pm Tommy let himself
back into the house and went upstairs
40 minutes later. He saw a note pinned
to bedroom door saying: ?Please do not
come in. Call the police and say I am
sorry they have to deal with this.?
Mr Cutler said that the bedroom
Richard Pitkin stabbed his wife, Sarah,
in their bedroom after he learnt that
she had been seeing another man
door had been barricaded from the inside and all the windows in the house
were locked from the inside.
He added that there was no evidence
that anyone else had been involved
in the deaths. Post-mortem examinations showed that Mrs Pitkin died
from multiple stab wounds to the neck
and her husband?s death was from
compression of the neck caused by
hanging.
Mr and Mrs Pitkin had lived with
their youngest daughter, Tisha, 18, and
Tommy, who is in his early 20s. Neighbours said that their two eldest daughters lived away from home.
Mr Cutler said that Mr and Mrs
Pitkin had begun to grow apart and this
led to Sarah developing a ?new set of
friends?.
?From this friendship base, she began
an extramarital affair,? he told the inquest. ?The arrival of an anonymous
letter informing Richard of this affair
appears to be the catalyst for the rapid
deterioration of the relationship and
Sarah moving out of the family home
soon afterwards.?
He added: ?We strongly believe that
Richard planned these deaths and it
was not a spontaneous act on the morn-
Britons lead world . . . in
shopping on the internet
Matthew Moore Media Correspondent
Britain leads the world when it comes
to internet shopping, watching on-demand television and using click-andcollect services, according to a study.
Consumers in the UK have embraced an array of technology trends
more enthusiastically than residents of
other Western countries, the research
suggests. British people are also ditching old-fashioned hardware more
swiftly than elsewhere, as smartphones
and tablets take over.
The study found that 39 per cent of
Britons used a desktop computer in the
past year, down from 53 per cent in 2016
and significantly lower than France at
50 per cent, Germany at 51 per cent and
Spain at 56 per cent.
On average, British consumers spent
�175 on internet purchases last year,
more than double the average of any
comparable country. They are also
more likely to take advantage of nextday delivery or pick-up services ? 62
per cent of Britons have used next-day
delivery to receive online goods compared with an international average of
44 per cent, while 60 per cent have opted to ?click-and-collect?, compared
with 36 per cent in other countries.
On-demand television is progressing
faster in Britain than other countries in
Europe. ?Time-shifted? viewing is
twice as high in the US and UK than
Switched on
6 56 per cent of Britons watch free
catch-up or on-demand television
services (35 per cent in other
countries).
6 36 per cent of internet users have
subscription TV channels (higher
than everywhere except the US).
6 62 per cent have used next-day
delivery for online purchases (44
per cent global average).
6 60 per cent have used ?click-andcollect? (36 per cent global average).
Source: The International
Communications Market by Ofcom
elsewhere, with British audiences using
the services to watch an average of 29
minutes of programming a day. British
and US viewers have also been quicker
to adopt subscription video services.
The UK also leads the way in the use
and coverage of digital radio and British
smartphone users spend more time accessing the internet on their mobiles
than people from any other nation.
The figures were produced by analysts for Ofcom?s annual International
Communications Market Report. It
compares media and technology trends
in the UK with 16 similar countries.
8
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Tuesday December 19 2017 | the times
News
News Times investigation
Blue-chip giants paid
millions to firm with
crime lord consultant
Fiona Hamilton Crime Editor
Multinationals and blue-chip companies paid millions of pounds to a security company with links to a notorious
gangster, a police inquiry has revealed.
Construction businesses including
Laing O?Rourke, Shepherd and Balfour
Beatty were among 49 companies
holding contracts with 21st Security Ltd,
which was paid �.6 million for
legitimate work on building sites.
The Times can disclose that 21st
Security, which was at the centre of a
five-year money laundering and fraud
inquiry, also provided services to a
school, an exclusive house builder and a
canalside redevelopment.
Paul Massey, a Salford crime lord,
was a consultant to 21st Security and
police alleged that he was a ?shadow
director?. However, there is no suggestion that the blue-chip companies and
other clients knew of the connection
with organised crime. Those who
commented said that they had cut all
links to the company.
However, material gathered in Operation Holly underlines Massey?s links
to legitimate areas of society despite his
notoriety as the ?Mr Big? of Salford.
Murdered in 2015, he tried to be elected
mayor of Salford three years earlier.
In June 2005 a separate company
linked to the gangster had a contract to
guard the building site for a new police
station in Pendleton, northwest Manchester. At the time Massey was in jail
for stabbing a man outside a club.
In 2011 the North West Regional
Crime Squad began exploring connections to legitimate companies when
they were investigating 21st Security
and other enterprises tied to Massey.
Detectives uncovered evidence that
Massey was more heavily involved in
21st Security than its public listings suggested. They found that the company
financed his mother?s funeral in 2008,
paying more than �,000 towards a
white gloss coffin, a hearse drawn by
four horses, two horse outriders and 12
limousines. Massey later told police he
had repaid the money. His bank
accounts showed little normal activity,
suggesting that his lifestyle may have
been supported by cash.
The 31-page evidence summary,
circulated to forces around the country,
reveals that other companies with a
similar name to 21st Security were set
up by the crime group allegedly to
launder funds. Some were not properly
registered for VAT, did not declare all
payments to staff and failed to pay
corporation tax in full.
21st Security folded in 2011 after the
arrest of Massey and five others,
though no charges resulted from Operation Holly after prosecutors said there
was no realistic prospect of conviction.
Many of those publicly linked to 21st
Security at the time were never suspected of any wrongdoing. In the case
of a company supposedly providing
subcontracted labour, ?ghost employees?
were allegedly paid and fake VAT
figures numbers were allegedly logged.
Laing O?Rourke, one of Britain?s
largest construction companies, paid
more than �4 million between
September 2008 and December 2011. A
Laing O?Rourke spokesman said: ?All
relationships with the organisation
were severed when we were made
Caf� row flowed
on to streets in
bloody gang war
Behind the story
I
n the history of
Salford
skirmishes, the
altercation at a
local caf� that
resulted in a drink
being thrown must
have seemed rather
low key (Fiona
Hamilton writes).
But the incident in
July 2014 was to
expose a simmering
feud between two
gangs and resulted in
an explosion of tit-fortat violence including
the murder of Paul
Massey a year later.
While detectives at
Greater Manchester
Police (GMP)
believed that at least
12 incidents ?
including shootings, a
grenade attack and a
machete assault ?
were linked to
Massey?s killing, The
Times can reveal that
no charges have yet
been brought over
any of the violence.
Detectives at GMP
have been flummoxed
by the code of silence
in Salford and the
culture of
intimidation that
prevents witnesses
from coming forward.
A source said: ?It is
lucky they?re all such
bad shots. GMP could
have easily been
dealing with a handful
of murders.?
In recent years
Salford has enjoyed
national prominence
for its makeover that
centred around the
BBC?s gleaming new
headquarters. But in
some parts the area is
still blighted by
violence and drug
wars. The clashes
before and after the
murder of Massey, 55,
shot on the driveway
of his home in July
2015, once again
raised the spectre of
?Gunchester?, the
city?s nickname
during the 1990s.
The Crown
Prosecution Service is
considering a file of
evidence over the
murder. Police believe
it was linked to a drug
feud between a gang
Massey was aligned
to, called the A-Team,
and a second group. A
source said: ?The ATeam are traditional
Salford, local street
rats off the estate. The
other lot are a bit
smarter, driving
around in posh cars.
They?re doing drugs
as well, but they?re a
bit more businesslike.?
A former associate
of Massey?s claimed to
The Times that he was
murdered after trying
to mediate between
the two groups when
their feud became
increasingly violent.
The exchange in the
aware of inappropriate activity. We
always work with police and other
authorities to support inquiries into
alleged wrongdoing.? Officers in Operation Holly approached other major
companies doing legitimate business
with 21st Security. A spokeswoman for
Shepherd Group confirmed it used
21st Security from 2008-11 but knew
nothing of its link to organised crime.
Thales, a French multinational
which also used 21st Security, declined
to comment. It is understood that Birse,
whose parent is Balfour Beatty, cut its
contracts after learning of the links
with Massey. Pringle Homes, an exclusive housebuilder, said it knew nothing
about illegal activities.
A source close to 21st Security insisted
that the company was legitimate. He
said: ?It is impossible to launder money
through a security company. Paul Massey
didn?t have a lot of say, you sometimes
wouldn?t see him for weeks.?
caf� in 2014 was
followed by a beating
of an alleged member
of the rival gang to
the A-Team. In
February 2015 three
men in a car were
shot at and the next
month a man was
attacked in the street
with a machete. Later
that month there was
a grenade attack and
then a shooting at a
carwash in Wigan.
The killing of
Massey was linked to
these incidents before
Steven Lydiate, his
brother-in-law, was
badly beaten during
the funeral. Lydiate
was out of jail on
licence at the time for
a 2000 conviction for
conspiracy to murder.
In August 2015 a
man was shot while
riding a bike. In
October that year a
boy, seven, and his
mother were shot in
the kneecaps at their
front door. GMP
made more than 140
arrests over the
shooting of Christian
Hickey and his
mother Jayne, who
were innocent, but no
one has been brought
to justice over the
attack. Two men were
jailed after they were
found with the gun.
In February last
year, Steven Britton
and two other men
were arrested in Spain
and accused of
planning a hit to
avenge Massey. The
group have not been
charged, while GMP
confirmed that no one
had been charged in
connection with the
incidents in England.
Claims about
police caused
inquiry to fail
Continued from page 1
revenue. In June this year, after reviewing a file of evidence, the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) said there was no
realistic prospect of conviction and all
suspects were told that they would face
no further action. Prosecutors told
police that the corruption allegations
needed to be fully investigated before a
charging decision was made as they
could undermine the case. Under the
rules of disclosure, anything that undermines or assists the defence must be
handed over. Among the issues of con-
Paul Massey was
described as a Salford
legend at his funeral
in 2015. A separate
company with ties to
the gangster guarded
the site of a new police
station in Pendleton.
Police found weapons
and cash during an
inquiry into an alleged
plot to avenge
Massey?s murder. The
killing led to shootings,
including one in which
Christian Hickey,
below, and his mother,
Jayne, were wounded
cern were a mysterious phone call to
21st Security 15 minutes before search
warrants were executed in 2011, and
claims that documents were secreted
away as a result.
There were also allegations from
Massey?s associates that ?brown
envelopes? had been passed to officers
and that the details of bribes would be
laid bare in court if charges resulted.
Employees of a construction company
that hired 21st Security also alleged
misconduct by officers from the force.
Operation Holly?s warrants and production orders were sought at Preston
crown court because of private police
fears that Massey?s gang had infiltrated
the Manchester court offices.
A reviewing prosecutor agreed that
allegations that police recommended
one company to hire 21st Security could
undermine the prosecution case so
should be investigated to test their
credibility. There were also claims that
senior officers would meet Massey at a
pub in Salford.
Most police corruption is investigated
internally by the force in question and
each of the Operation Holly allegations
was referred to Greater Manchester?s
professional standards branch. Although the force was given ?strong advice? by prosecutors that they would
need to be investigated before any
charging decision could be made, this
did not happen.
It also emerged during the operation
that money from 21st Security was paid
to Massey?s associates while they were
in prison for murder and blackmail,
and the company was legitimately paid
more than � million by blue-chip
companies that employed its security
workers on their construction sites.
The CPS said it gave advice to police
in relation to the investigation. ?This
advice covered, among other things,
disclosure issues which hindered our
the times | Tuesday December 19 2017
9
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News
News
DOMINIC SALTER/MANCHESTER EVENING NEWS; IAIN WATTS/MERCURY PRESS & MEDIA; PA
Force with a history of blunders and scandal
Boobgate
Assistant Chief Constable
Rebekah Sutcliffe kept her
job at Greater Manchester
police (GMP) but was given
a final written warning for
gross misconduct after she
showed her breast in a
drunken rant at a colleague
last year. She described
Superintendent Sarah
Jackson as a laughing stock
for having breast
augmentation.
Anthony Grainger inquiry
GMP is expecting criticism
when the inquiry into the
ability to authorise charges, however,
the CPS does not have the power to
direct police forces to carry out investigations,? a spokesman said. Sources
said the corruption allegations were a
factor in the decision but that Massey?s
death was also considered significant
because suspects would have been able
to blame him for crimes.
The force said that it had begun a
?conduct inquiry? into the claims since
the CPS decision in June. It refused to
answer questions about why the matters were not investigated earlier. A
spokesman said: ?Following a complex
investigation into the activities of an
organised crime group from Salford by
Titan northwest regional organised
crime unit, a comprehensive file was
submitted to [the] CPS, who advised
that there was no realistic prospect of a
successful prosecution. As a result, a
decision was made that no further
action would be taken in this case and
all interested parties were notified.
f d A
As
with any major investigation where a
decision is made to take no further
action, a review will take place with the
CPS to see if any lessons can be learnt.
?Following the decision not to prosecute, inquiries are also being carried out
by [the force?s] professional standards
branch to ascertain if there are any conduct issues with officers.?
There are a number of people publicly linked to 21st Security, including
former directors, and there is no suggestion of wrongdoing in relation to
them. Operation Holly investigated the
company?s activities between September 2008 and December 2011. A source
close to 21st Security said the company
was legitimate and that the investigation was a vendetta by police.
Andy Burnham, the mayor of
Manchester, who has responsibility for
policing, declined to comment.
Leading article, page 33
fatal shooting by police of
Anthony Grainger, 36,
reports early next year. He
was killed in Culcheth,
Cheshire, in March 2012.
Police believed he was
planning to hold up a
supermarket and had
access to firearms. The
inquiry was told intelligence
was out of date and some
officers did not have the
correct training. Assistant
Chief Constable Steve
Heywood is being
investigated by the
Independent Police
Complaints Commission
over evidence that he
gave to the inquiry.
Harold Shipman
The force kept body parts
of 12 victims of the killer GP
Harold Shipman after they
were exhumed in 2000, but
did not tell their families.
The IPCC found it failed to
follow its own policy or
codes of practice but did
not break the law.
Domestic violence
Three women killed by their
abusive partners were failed
by the force, the IPCC found
in October. The deaths of
Rania Alayed, Linzi Ashton
and Farkhanda Younis
raised ?serious concerns?
about officers? handling of
domestic violence.
Dale Cregan
GMP bought the home of an
officer who feared that he
would be the target of a
notorious killer and then
sold the property to a
couple who knew nothing
of its history. Dale Cregan is
serving life for the murders
of PCs Fiona Bone, 32, and
Nicola Hughes, 23, in 2012.
10
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Tuesday December 19 2017 | the times
News
RICHARD AUSTIN
Jail inmates suffer
rats, leaking toilets
and exposed wiring
Richard Ford Home Correspondent
Prisoners at one of the country?s biggest
city jails are being held in the worst
conditions inspectors have ever seen,
according to a leaked report.
Rats and cockroaches were rife in
Liverpool prison with one area so filthy
and infested that it could not be
cleaned. Some of the 1,018 prisoners
were living in cells with exposed electrical wiring and leaking lavatories.
The prison watchdog arrived unannounced three months ago after being
given a tip-off about the conditions. A
?highly experienced? team of inspectors said that they ?could not recall
having seen worse living conditions
than those at Liverpool?, according to a
report seen by the BBC.
Among the findings, Peter Clarke,
the chief inspector of prisons, said: ?I
found a prisoner who had complex
mental health needs being held in a cell
that had no furniture other than a bed.
?The windows of both the cell and the
toilet recess were broken, the light fitting in his toilet was broken with wires
exposed, the lavatory was filthy and appeared to be blocked, his sink was leaking and the cell was dark and damp. Extraordinarily, this man had apparently
been held in this condition for weeks.?
Mr Clarke said that the cause of the
problems was a failure of leadership at
local, regional and national level. Some
officers were described as having a
dismissive attitude to prisoners, and
were applying ?unacceptable? unofficial punishments, such as restricting
showers.
There were more than 2,000 outstanding maintenance jobs and only 22
of the 89 recommendations made after
a poor inspection report in 2015 had
been fully implemented.
?It is hard to understand how the
leadership of the prison could have allowed the situation to deteriorate to
this extent,? Mr Clarke said. ?We saw
clear evidence that local prison managers had sought help from regional and
national management to improve conditions they knew to be unacceptable
long before our arrival, but had met
with little response.?
The report follows one on Wormwood Scrubs in west London which
found that on one wing prisoners were
being given ?mountain survival? rations of dried food, which had to be
heated up with hot water because food
routinely ran out. Outside areas of the
jail were strewn with litter attracting
rats and cockroaches, cell windows,
showers and telephones had been broken for months and some prisoners had
not changed clothes for three weeks.
Feeding time This composite image of birds snacking on seeds was created over 20 minutes at Stover Country Park, Devon
More prisoners should commute to work
Richard Ford
Prison governors will be told to allow
inmates to commute to work near the
end of their sentences by releasing
more prisoners on temporary licence.
David Lidington, the justice secretary, said yesterday that he was looking
at the system under which prisoners are
let out for short periods towards the end
of their sentences, enabling them to
take jobs outside and return to jail at
night. The move is part of an attempt to
help more prisoners find jobs before
their release and to prepare them for
re-entry into the community.
?Prison officers themselves have said
they would like to see temporary licences used more,? Mr Lidington said.
He said that 83 per cent of former
prisoners had no job a year after release
and 30 per cent did not have a suitable
home on their first night of release.
The number of releases on temporary licence fell from just over 500,000
to about 320,000 between 2013 and
2016 after several incidents when offenders on day release committed
further crimes.
6 A scheme offering deferred prosecutions to those facing court for so-called
low-harm offences, is to be tested as
part of the government?s response to a
review by MP David Lammy into the
treatment of black and minority ethnic
people in the criminal justice system.
Suspects will be offered the chance to
complete courses to help tackle their
behaviour instead of facing trial.
the times | Tuesday December 19 2017
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News
CHRIS JACKSON/PA
Charlotte will go to
nursery near home
W
ith a
twoyear-old
to get
ready for
nursery, not to mention
a four-year-old for
school, the Duke and
Duchess of Cambridge
have made a decision
almost any parent will
sympathise with: cut the
school run (Fariha
Karim writes).
Princess Charlotte is
to start at a nursery
round the corner from
her home in Kensington
Palace from January,
the duke and
duchess
announced
yesterday.
The fourth in
line to the throne
will begin fulltime at Willcocks
Nursery School, a
private school
that teaches
French and
pottery. The fees
are �800 a
term for
afternoons and �050
for mornings.
Unusually, it is not
part of the government?s
scheme to offer 30 hours
of free childcare to
parents.
Kensington Palace
announced the news
alongside the release of
a family photograph of
the duke and duchess
with their children. It
features a fidgeting
Prince George with his
left shoe apparently
slipping off and
Charlotte in a pair of
A new portrait of the Duke
and Duchess of Cambridge
with George and Charlotte,
who will attend Willcocks,
top. Above, Charles and
Camilla?s Christmas card
smart blue patent shoes.
Both appear to be
wearing the same outfits
that they wore when the
family went to Poland
and Germany on a royal
state visit in July.
The nursery, which is
in Holy Trinity Church
on Prince Consort Road,
describes itself as a
?traditional nursery
school which strives to
maintain its ethos for
high standards,
excellence and good
manners?.
Willcocks children
have visited the Royal
College of Art ?where
they create their own
works of art, exhibited
for parents and the
public to see?, the last
Ofsted report said.
?Their appreciation of
music is enhanced by
regular visits from the
Royal College of Music,
which enables them to
explore the sounds that
different instruments
make.?
Willcocks was last
inspected by Ofsted in
December 2012, when it
received an outstanding
rating.
Charlotte will
be attending the
school full-time,
a spokeswoman
for Kensington
Palace said.
While the
princess?s older
brother followed
one family
tradition by
attending
Westacre, a
Montessori
nursery in Norfolk,
when the royal couple
lived at Anmer Hall,
Charlotte follows in a
new one that is being
established by her
parents: a preference for
going local.
Charlotte?s attendance
at Willcocks will come
at a busy time for the
royals. Her younger
sibling is expected in
April, and she is to gain
an aunt when her uncle
Harry marries Meghan
Markle in May.
Lucy Fisher
Senior Political Correspondent
A Jeremy Corbyn supporter was fined
�0 yesterday after he was caught
boasting online that he had voted twice
for Labour in the general election.
Mohammad Zain Qureshi, 21, admitted he had undertaken the illegal practice of double voting, having registered
twice at his home address in Waltham
Forest, northeast London, using a
minor variation of his name.
He used his postal ballot and then
voted in person at his local polling station in the constituency of Chingford
and Woodford Green.
Iain Duncan Smith, the former Tory
leader, represents the seat, but his
majority fell to 2,438 at the snap election in June from 8,386 in 2015.
The Metropolitan Police?s special inquiry team tracked down Qureshi after
they received an allegation of double
voting, which referenced a tweet by an
unknown person boasting about voting
twice for Labour.
Following his guilty plea Qureshi appeared at Thames magistrates? court
yesterday. As well as the fine of �0 he
was ordered to pay �0 towards prosecution costs and a victim surcharge
of �.
The Electoral Commission said in
July that it had received more than
1,000 complaints about people voting
twice in the general election. It said that
it would work with the government to
find solutions to minimise the practice
and raised the option of forcing people
who are lawfully registered at two addresses for council elections to choose
which they wish to be registered at for
general elections.
Many of the complaints received by
the commission were about students
voting twice, once in their home town
and once in the seat of their university.
Shots fired as driver breaches
security at US base in Suffolk
Deborah Haynes Defence Editor
US military personnel opened fire after
a British man drove through the checkpoint of an American airbase in Suffolk
yesterday.
The 44-year-old suspect was apprehended at RAF Mildenhall and taken
into local police custody with ?cuts and
bruises?, according to Suffolk police
and US air force officials.
His car was brought to a standstill
next to an Osprey tilt-rotor aircraft,
which was not damaged.
The incident, which happened about
1pm, has not been linked to terrorism
but led to a temporary lockdown at the
base, which is home to 3,000 US military personnel as well as 380 US
civilians and 650 Ministry of Defence
employees and contractors.
Suffolk police said that the suspect
had initially been arrested on suspicion
of criminal trespass. It is not yet known
how many shots were fired and an
investigation has been started.
A defence source said he thought
that the individual had approached the
base in his car and had claimed to be
Downham
Market
Ely
The man was arrested by US and
MoD personnel at RAF Mildenhall
someone else, possibly a senior military
officer. He was stopped at the entrance,
which is manned by US service personnel and MoD civilian guards. ?There
was some sort of discussion,? the defence source said. After that discussion
?he forced his way through the checkpoint?.
The source did not know whether the
suspect rammed his way through the
metal barrier that blocks the entrance
to the sprawling, high-security base, or
whether the barrier had been raised.
US military personnel ?immediate-
10 miles
Corbyn fan
fined after
boasting of
voting twice
Norwich
Swaffham
Shots fired at car
attempting to enter
RAF Mildenhall
Bury St
Edmunds
ly? responded, a spokeswoman at RAF
Mildenhall said. ?Shots were fired by
American service personnel,? she said,
reading from a prepared statement. ?A
man has been detained with cuts and
bruises and taken into custody. No
other people have been injured as a result of the incident.?
Suffolk police, who took charge of
the situation, said that they were contacted at about 1.40pm to reports of a
disturbance at the base. They responded immediately. A spokesman
said that there was not considered to be
a threat to the public or to people on the
base.
RAF Mildenhall has housed the US
air force for decades and is suspected of
previously having been a target for terrorists. The Suffolk base has been used
by the American military since 1950,
giving it a foothold in Europe.
Two units are still based there permanently. They are the 100th Air Refueling Wing and a branch of the US Special Operations Command.
It has been earmarked for closure in
about 2024 after the Pentagon decided
to scale down its military presence in
Europe.
Last year a British Islamic extremist
was convicted of planning a terrorist
attack on US military personnel,
having apparently identified RAF
Mildenhall as a target. Junead Khan, a
delivery driver, drove close to several
bases operated by the US air force in the
UK in 2015, including the Suffolk airfield, his trial was told.
The Ministry of Defence plans to sell
the site as part of a plan to generate
�0 million from the release of military bases.
Portion advice
sprouts ridicule
on social media
A council has been mocked on Twitter
after instructing residents how many
Brussels sprouts they should eat with
their Christmas dinner.
In an attempt to reduce food waste,
Leicestershire county council tweeted:
?Six sprouts = ONE portion. Don?t overbuy and they won?t go to waste.?
The advice was criticised on social
media, with some accusing the council
of acting like a nanny state by suggesting officially approved portions of food.
Natasha Rossiya, a Twitter user, asked:
?Are you going to prosecute Leicestershire residents if they have seven or,
heaven forbid, eight sprouts? Will
[there] be a ?Sprout Officer??? Another
user wrote: ?A man like me likes at least
16 sprouts ? shall I expect to hear the
sound of jackboots on the stairs??
A council spokesman said: ?We send
out thousands of tweets, including messages about food waste, and sometimes
we get it wrong. We want residents to
enjoy every aspect of Christmas Day,
including the sprouts!?
Derby city council caused anger last
year when it suspended rubbish collections for more than ten days over the
Christmas period and advised residents
to store food waste in their freezers.
the times | Tuesday December 19 2017
13
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News
Feeling grim up north? Blame it on the coalmining
Tom Whipple Science Editor
It really is grim up north. But don?t
blame the northerners: they inherited
their grimness.
That is the controversial conclusion
of a study into the psychology of residents of former coalmining regions.
The research paper argues that the
soot-black rain of the Industrial Revolution still falls on the descendants of its
first workers ? fating them to be
grumpy, anxious and depressed.
?The Industrial Revolution is arguably one of the most influential and
formative epochs in modern history,?
said Jason Rentfrow, from Cambridge
University. ?Those who live in a postindustrial landscape still do so in the
shadow of coal, internally as well as
externally.?
By looking at almost 400,000 personality tests, he found that people living in former industrial heartlands such
as Blaenau Gwent and Ceredigion in
south Wales and Hartlepool in England
had more ?negative? personality traits.
As well as being more depressed, they
were more impulsive, neurotic, poorer
at planning, less satisfied with their
lives and less conscientious.
With his colleagues, Dr Rentfrow
claimed to show that this was a reflection of more than just their present economic circumstances. Instead, they
argued in the Journal of Personality and
Social Psychology that this was a legacy
of the first people who moved to towns
in Wales and northern England seeking work in the mines and factories.
Key to the theory, which other psychologists dispute, is ?selective migration?. Those coming to the towns would
have been pushed to do so out of
poverty, moving their families owing to
necessity. They would have, the researchers argue, high levels of ?psychological adversity? which they may have
passed on to their children by socialising them to be more anxious and worried. This culture would have been
compounded by difficult and dangerous work, child labour and poor living
conditions.
In contrast, those who had left since
would have been higher up the social
strata, with more optimism and ?psychological resilience?. These twin pro-
TMS
diary@thetimes.co.uk | @timesdiary
A sleeve note
gone wrong
Less than a week left to practise
your fixed smile on receiving a gift
that wasn?t quite what you wanted.
An example of this comes in Mark
Mason?s must-have stocking-filling
book Question Time, which has a
story about the jazz guitarist
Martin Taylor, who as a child
yearned for the instrument that
Val Doonican was playing on the
cover of one of his albums. Taylor
kept dropping hints, pointing at
the record and saying ?I really like
that? and so on. It did not go
unnoticed. On Christmas morn,
his mother said: ?You know that
album you?re always looking at??
Taylor?s pulse quickened, then
sank as his mother handed over a
replica of Doonican?s jumper,
which she had knitted for him.
I wrote last week about the lessons
for modern politics that can be
found in Samuel Beckett. It took
John O?Byrne, a reader in Dublin, to
remind me of the perfect Beckett
quotation to describe the Brexit
negotiations. It comes from his 1983
play Worstword Ho: ?Ever tried.
Ever failed. No matter. Try again.
Fail again. Fail better.?
the new cold turkey
As Facebook finally admits that it
can be bad for you, doctors and
200 schoolchildren gathered at
the Royal College of Psychiatrists
for a timely debate on whether
social media are bad for mental
health. The academics knew
they had an uphill task
when the teenagers in the
audience immediately
began posting selfies
from the event on
Instagram. Mercifully,
the college?s internet
then broke down and
cut them off. How
ever did the poor mites
get through the rest of
the day?
England has one of the largest gaps
in the world between high and low
achievers in mathematics, it was
reported last week. Evidence came
when Joel Taylor, a reader, visited
WH Smith at the weekend and asked
for 24 first-class stamps. ?Sorry,?
came the reply on the till. ?We only
sell them in books of six or 12.?
born-again creepy-crawly
Professor Heinz Wolff, who once
vied with Boris Becker to be the
nation?s favourite German, died at
the weekend. He had a scientist?s
pragmatism about life after death
but he did tell one of the TMS
elves a while ago that, if there was
reincarnation, it was better to hope
to return as a centipede than an
endangered species. ?There can?t
be many vacancies to come back
as a white rhinoceros,? he said.
?You?d have to join a waiting list.?
Congratulations to Sarah Mullally,
the new Bishop of London. The
press release on her appointment
had an intriguing final line: ?She is a
novice potter.? It probably means
ceramics, but I?d like to think that
she has taken up billiards and that
her appointment was in part down
to her skill at mastering canons.
bowie down to earth
When meeting your hero, never be
too big for your boots. Nor let your
car be too large for their garage.
The Madness frontman, Suggs,
interviewed by Q magazine, says
that one of his most embarrassing
moments came when he was
invited to visit David Bowie in
Gstaad. The Suggs family,
suitcases strapped to the roof of
their car, arrived at Bowie?s house
and was beckoned to park in his
garage. ?As we drove in, we heard
this loud crunch,? Suggs, left, says.
?My suitcase came flying off the
roof and my underwear was
blowing around Bowie?s
drive. And there he was,
the great man, picking up
my socks and vests.? It was
just a brief encounter.
patrick kidd
cesses would leave former industrial
towns continually distilling their collective personalities to higher concentrations of negative traits.
?This study is one of the first to show
that the Industrial Revolution has a
hidden psychological heritage, one that
is imprinted on today?s psychological
make-up of the regions of England and
Wales,? Dr Rentfrow said.
However, other psychologists were
more cautious. ?Unless you started
with a belief that these psychological
factors are inherited you could not interpret the findings as supporting a
genetic or inherited explanation,? said
Tony Cassidy, professor of child and
family health psychology at Ulster University. He argued that the findings
were far more likely to be linked to the
present state of the economy.
Craig Morgan, of King?s College
London, agreed. ?What they seem to
have found is an association
between certain personality traits
and areas dominated by the coal
industry. To make the next leap and
suggest the nature of the coal
industry set in stone
those personality traits
Hard and dangerous
work may have a
hidden legacy
seems a stretch,? he said. Professor
Morgan, who grew up in a mining town,
suggested that there were plenty of alternative explanations.
?One thing that characterises these areas now is
massive decline. What
they have also all got in
common is they experienced the miners? strike.
Living through that myself,
it is not surprising to
me the legacy is a
way of viewing
the world that
is more pessimistic.?
14
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Tuesday December 19 2017 | the times
News
News Politics
May plans new Brexit speech as
Francis Elliott Political Editor
Oliver Wright Policy Editor
Pick and mix
Theresa May has started preparing for a
third major Brexit speech setting out
Britain?s future relationship with the EU
amid cautious optimism of an emerging
cabinet consensus.
The prime minister promised her
senior ministers at least two more
chances to shape Britain?s desired ?end
state? before setting out her position
publicly at yesterday?s meeting of a
cabinet sub-committee.
Boris Johnson, the foreign secretary,
A Canada-style trade
deal (Ceta) Canada/EU
deal that scrapped
tariffs on 98 per cent of
goods but almost totally
excludes services ?
worth � billion a year
in exports to the EU.
membership Norway is
neither a member of the
single market nor the
customs union but
abides by all their rules,
pays into EU budgets
and has similar access
to full members.
Norway-style European
Economic Area
Canada Plus, Canada
Plus, Plus, Plus, or level
playing field A more
substantive trade deal,
principally on financial
services, than that of
Canada but without the
regulatory compliance
of Norway. Such a deal
is complex but possible
? Britain could agree
regulatory alignment
then diverge in future.
and Michael Gove, the environment
secretary, led calls for a presumption
that Britain would diverge from European Union rules during the first formal
discussion of the future relationship by
senior ministers. They were supported
by Liam Fox, the international trade
secretary, and Gavin Williamson, the
defence secretary, in making the case
for Britain to seek maximum freedom
to pursue economic advantages.
Philip Hammond, the chancellor, and
Amber Rudd, the home secretary, suggested that it was for those seeking to diverge from EU rules to prove that the
benefits would outweigh the costs case
by case. ?It?s about choosing the ground
and the time on which we fight,? an ally
said. Mr Hammond, scarred by accusations that he was seeking to thwart Brexit, took care to appear positive about the
chances of securing a beneficial deal
with the EU. ?He was notably upbeat
about the range of scenarios that would
work and the chances of getting one of
them,? according to one of the ten
members of the Brexit strategy and
negotiations sub-committee.
Ms Rudd was also careful to avoid
seeming negative, taking her lead from
Mrs May?s opening statement that
Britain should ?aim high? in the second
phase of Brexit talks on the UK?s
trading relationship with the EU.
No 10 is cautiously optimistic of finding a consensus around the concept of
?gradual divergence?. Last night one
senior Brexiteer said there was no desire among the majority of colleagues
for a swift deviation from EU laws, adding: ?I think this has to be a gradual process that is extensively debated in parliament in the years ahead. I don?t think
many of us favour a big bang approach.?
Mrs May will give other members of
the cabinet a chance to have their say
today. She is also promising at least two
discussions in the new year, one on the
intended economic relationship and
another on Britain?s security arrangements with the remaining EU nations.
The prime minister has yet to commit
herself to a successor to the Lancaster
House and Florence speeches but is understood to be moving in that direction.
Allies said that drawing up a text that
would bind her cabinet had been proven
to be helpful. ?It?s not finalised yet but
we?re moving in that direction,? said one
about the prospect of a third big speech.
Among the options for a ?bespoke?
British trade deal is a level-playing-field
agreement with the EU. Under this
Britain would agree voluntarily to continue aligning domestic laws and regulations with those of the EU but with
the option to give notice and diverge.
Michel Barnier, the EU?s chief Brexit
negotiator, said that Britain could not
have a special deal for the City of
London. ?There is no place [for financial
services]. There is not a single trade
agreement that is open to financial
services. It doesn?t exist,? he told The
Guardian. This was due to ?the red lines
that the British have chosen themselves. In leaving the single market, they
lose the financial services passport.?
Stefaan De Rynck, a senior adviser to
Mr Barnier, told a Chatham House
event in London that a transition
period was ?not a given? and businesses
would not get post-Brexit certainty
until next autumn.
6 British consumers face losing the
right to complain about bad food, faulty
hire cars and sub-standard hotels in
Europe after Brexit, a Lords EU justice
sub-committee has warned. The report
by peers, published today, complains
that the government ?was unable to
provide us with any detail? to answer
their queries on how consumers would
be protected.
Rachel Sylvester, page 29
Melanie Phillips, page 30
Theresa May
addresses the
Commons after
the Brexit
sub-committee
meeting
Skipper gets
Patrick Kidd
Political Sketch
S
erf ?s up for the Brexit Boys,
who fear that Britain will
head back to the Dark Ages
and became a ?vassal state?
unless we stand up to
Brussels over the terms of our
departure from the EU.
Jacob Rees-Mogg was the first to
use the V word at the weekend and
Boris Johnson was happy to pick up
the analogy and run with it in a
Sunday newspaper interview. Some
might think that using another
man?s metaphor is like borrowing
their handkerchief, a sign that you
have come unprepared, but the
foreign secretary is something of a
magpie. And empty vassals make
the loudest noise.
The Mogg reclaimed his image
rights yesterday during Theresa
May?s Brexit update to the
Commons. We would be vassals if
we fell for Monsieur Barnier?s
knavish tricks, he repeated, and
serfs to boot. He told the PM to
summon up the Maggie Spirit and
give Brussels a handbagging over
their ?rather hostile terms?.
Barry Sheerman (Lab,
the times | Tuesday December 19 2017
15
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News
News
ministers urge her to aim high
AFP/GETTY IMAGES
Cheap pound fuels another
?Lawson boom? at factories
Tom Knowles Economics Correspondent
British factories are ramping up
production to cope with the biggest rise
in demand since the ?Lawson boom? of
the late 1980s as the cheap pound and a
global economic recovery creates a
surge in new orders.
A closely watched survey of manufacturing by the CBI shows that factories are reporting their strongest order
books in the past three decades. It adds
to evidence that the 12 per cent fall in
the value of the pound since the Brexit
vote has helped fuel a rise in demand for
UK goods overseas.
The survey said that manufacturers
were reporting the sharpest increase in
export orders over the past two months
than at any time since 1995.
Economists said manufacturing was
becoming the ?brightest sector? of the
UK economy as it heads into 2018 and
that its growth may help to offset the
dampening effect that rising prices in
the shops was having on consumer
spending.
?With export order books strong, we
expect manufacturing to provide
valuable support to economic growth
in the final three months of the year and
next year,? said Andrew Wishart from
Capital Economics, the research consultancy.
The CBI, which is Britain?s biggest industry lobby group and speaks on behalf of 190,000 businesses, conducts a
monthly survey of manufacturers? new
orders, employment, exports, prices
and expectations for the future. It
showed that 28 per cent of manufacturers said orders were above normal
while 11 per cent said they were below
normal. The balance of 17 points was
the joint highest since August 1988.
Alongside the weak pound, factories
are benefiting from a global economic
recovery as areas such as the eurozone
finally emerge from the financial crisis.
Kallum Pickering, an economist at
Berenberg Bank, said: ?The reason industrial production does well in this
scenario is that when people are confident, they lengthen their horizon and
expose themselves to longer-life items
rather than just day-to-day spending.
They decide they want to buy a car, or
a new lawnmower, or a new washing
machine.?
The CBI said orders were strong
across all sub-sectors of manufacturing
but there was notable growth in motor
vehicles and transport equipment, as
well as mechanical engineering.
The surge in factory orders is the best
recorded by the CBI
since the peak of
the
?Lawson
boom? when the
economy was
growing
by
5.8 per cent a
year, compared
with 1.8 per cent in 2016. Nigel Lawson, the chancellor from 1983 to 1989,
Nigel Lawson in 1984 ? his
interest rate cuts created a boom
Rudd praises rebel who
inflicted defeat on PM
a dose of conjunctionitis
Huddersfield) wondered if it could
really be true that Mrs May was
taking us towards vassaldom. And if
not, would she sack Mr Johnson as
punishment for this feudal gesture?
?No. And no,? Mrs May replied.
Extraordinary. Two straight answers
in the space of three words. If only
the other 76 backbenchers who
questioned her had received such
candour. The PM?s replies, like a
cheap sat-nav, usually take a lengthy
detour before arriving a few miles
away from the desired destination.
Labour MPs were keen to test her
on whether Brexit would mean a
weakening of workers? rights. ?We
are bringing those rights into UK
law,? she told Chuka Umunna
(Streatham), before using the same
words in a different order to Angela
Smith (Penistone & Stocksbridge).
Then Wes Streeting (Ilford North)
had a go. Could she guarantee that
she would not get rid of the 48-hour
limit on the working week? ?It?s a
very simple yes or no answer,? he
explained. ?We will be bringing
those workers? rights that are in EU
law into UK law,? Mrs May parroted.
Four others got similar replies.
It made for a tedious 90 minutes.
Mrs May?s statement was as sparky
as ever. Her speechwriters seem to
be afflicted with conjunctionitis, a
condition that makes them think
that combining pairs of adjectives
makes the boss sound like Cicero.
?Strong and stable?, the mantra of
the election, has now been replaced
by ?deep and special?, ?smooth and
orderly?, ?optimistic and ambitious?,
?Shake and Vac?, ?Chas and Dave? . . .
The torpor was livened up by Mr
Speaker giving a ticking-off to Nigel
Evans (C, Ribble Valley), who had
begun by saying that he struggles to
know what Labour?s Brexit policy is,
since it changes with each media
appearance. Doubtless he was
sauntering towards a question, but
the Speaker lost patience. ?Order,?
he roared. ?You know perfectly well
that the policy of the opposition is
not a matter for the government.?
As Mr Evans started to explain
where he had been going, the
Speaker slapped him down. ?No, no,
no, no, hopeless,? he said. ?Do not
shake your head at me.? Mr Bercow
ended by telling Mr Evans, who has
been an MP for 25 years, to go away
and practise asking questions in
front of the mirror over Christmas.
If the Speaker hasn?t yet received
one of his victim?s fabulously naff
Christmas cards, which feature a
photo of the PM holding a mug with
Mr Evans?s face on, there is surely
no chance of him getting one now.
Oliver Wright, Henry Zeffman
The home secretary has paid tribute to
the leader of rebel Tory MPs fighting
against Brexit.
Amber Rudd praised Anna Soubry
last night for standing up ?to fight her
case? and said she had enormous respect for the former minister.
It was a marked rebuke to other Tory
MPs who have criticised Ms Soubry for
inflicting the first major parliamentary
defeat of Theresa May?s Brexit plans.
She also warned Ms Soubry?s Tory
critics in the media to think ?very careAnna Soubry faced
death threats after
voting for MPs to
get a say on Brexit
fully? about the language they used
when making their case so as not to incite wider ?abuse? of MPs.
Ms Soubry handed over a dossier of
evidence yesterday detailing the
threats against her to police and the
Speaker, John Bercow. Two of the other
leading rebels, Dominic Grieve and
Nicky Morgan, have also provided evidence to the Metropolitan Police?s parliamentary investigations team.
A copy of Ms Soubry?s evidence, seen
by The Times, highlights examples of
abuse and threats she has received
since helping to defeat the government
on a vote in the Commons that will give
parliament the final say over Brexit.
One email sent to her parliamentary
address stated: ?I hope that you live the
rest of your life looking over your
shoulder in fear. It?s the least you deserve.? Another said: ?In World War II
you would have ?swung? for this act of
treachery. You join a long list of British
traitors. May you burn in hell for
eternity.?
Ms Soubry also received widespread
abuse on social media. One account,
@petersladWY, responding to the
Daily Mail?s coverage of the vote, stated:
?You and these traitors should be hung
in public . . . Brexit means Brexit.?
Another added: ?Your fkkg head will be
on traitors gate vile horrid witch?.
Intervening in yesterday?s Commons
debate Mr Bercow said MPs had ?an absolute duty to vote as they think fit?.
Referring to recent press coverage he
added: ?You as members of parliament
are never mutineers, you are never traitors, you are never malcontents, you
are never enemies of the people.
?You are dedicated, hard-working
committed public servants doing what
you believe to be right for this country.?
Speaking earlier Mrs May used her
statement updating parliament on last
week?s EU council meeting in Brussels
to address concerns of intimidation.
?There can never be a place for the
threats of violence and intimidation
against some members that we have
seen in recent days ? our politics must
be better than that,? she said.
cut interest rates, leading to a surge in
consumption with household spending
rising by 7.5 per cent while manufacturing output rose by 7.3 per cent.
The CBI survey of 371 manufacturers
suggests that the surge in demand has
taken them and suppliers by surprise.
More manufacturers reported that
stock levels were inadequate than adequate for the 11th time in the survey?s
42-year history. The report also
showed, however, that the number of
manufacturers expecting production
to rise further over the next three
months was the weakest since October
2016.
Samuel Tombs, chief UK economist
at Pantheon Macroeconomics, said:
?All this suggests that manufacturers
are running at full capacity.? He added
that the ?recent progress in Brexit talks
might give manufacturers confidence
to undertake investment projects that
they have delayed over the past
18 months,? but may struggle to boost
capacity in time to make a difference.
Manufacturing was the
best performing sector of
the economy between
August and September,
according to the Office
for National Statistics. Output increased 1.1 per cent,
compared with the
UK?s
dominant
services
sector
which grew by
0.4 per cent.
Whitehall fails
gender pay test
Henry Zeffman Political Reporter
Women working at the Department for
Transport are paid almost 17 per cent
less on average than men, the biggest
gender pay gap in Whitehall.
The first such figures to be released
revealed that the departments responsible for transport, Brexit and health
have the widest disparities between the
sexes. The best performers are the
departments responsible for culture,
media and sport, international trade
and justice. A gender pay gap was
reported by every department.
Theresa May has demanded ?sustained action? from employers on the
issue, but the statistics from government departments, published after
ministers made it compulsory for organisations with more than 250 employees to report on their gender pay gap,
show that Whitehall has work to do.
Bernadette Kelly, permanent secretary at the Department for Transport,
said the sector ?has been a very male
dominated environment? and that ?we
are still living with the vestiges of that
culture?. At the Department for Exiting
the European Union men are paid
15.3 per cent more than women. It said
that most staff were on loan from other
departments with their own pay structures. At the Department of Health,
average male pay is 14.2 per cent higher
than average female pay. Sir Jeremy
Heywood, the cabinet secretary, said
the gender pay gap was ?narrowing,
although it is still a matter of concern?.
the times | Tuesday December 19 2017
17
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News
PHIL DYE/MIRRORPIX
Unsociable
people ?at
greater risk
of diabetes?
Two die as
blaze guts
luxury hotel
in Scotland
T
wo people were
killed and four
taken to hospital
after a fire ripped
through a luxury
Scottish hotel (Marc Horne
writes).
Hundreds of guests were
evacuated when the blaze
broke out at Cameron
House in Balloch, on the
banks of Loch Lomond,
yesterday morning.
One person died at the
scene and another later in
hospital. The emergency
services were called to the
18th-century baronial
mansion, a popular wedding
venue whose guests have
included Sir Sean Connery,
Clint Eastwood and
Cameron Diaz, at about
6.50am.
More than 200 guests
were evacuated from the
building, which was
extensively damaged.
Footage on social media
showed a baby being
rescued by a firefighter who
used a ladder to reach a
third-floor bedroom. A
number of guests were
treated at the scene for
smoke inhalation.
Ainsley Huxman, a
nursery worker from
Dumfries, said: ?I just
thought it was a fire alarm,
but when we left our room
we saw a whole room full of
smoke and flames. We ran
back down the hall,
knocked on everyone?s
doors and shouted ?Fire!?. I
have never been so scared.?
Danny Lawton, 24, who
lives in a neighbouring
apartment, was woken by
police banging on his door.
He said: ?The heat coming
off the fire was immense.
The whole roof and top
Kat Lay Health Correspondent
More than 200 guests were evacuated as 70 firefighters in 14 engines tackled the blaze. The hotel has views over Loch Lomond
Loch Lomond
and The Trossachs
National Park
Cameron
House hotel
Stirling
Balloch
Glasgow
5 miles
floor was on fire and the
surrounding area was just
full of smoke and flashing
blue lights. I was told to
move my car as quick as I
could as the heat would
melt it.?
About 70 firefighters and
14 fire engines were called
in to tackle the blaze, which
engulfed at least three
floors of the hotel.
Smoke could be seen
billowing from the building
from miles away. The fire
service said that the blaze
was now under control.
Nicola Sturgeon, the first
minister, said: ?This is
absolutely dreadful news.
My heart goes out to the
loved ones of those who
have died and to all those
affected. My thanks also to
our brave firefighters and
emergency services.?
Ruth Davidson, the
Scottish Conservative
leader, described it as a
terrible tragedy.
The hotel, which was on
fire for much of yesterday,
is expected to be closed for
the foreseeable future.
The hotel had about 130
bedrooms and suites with
views over Loch Lomond,
as well as a spa and a
Michelin-starred restaurant
run by the chef Martin
Wishart. It was sold to KSL
Capital Partners, an
American investment
company, for about
� million in 2015 and had
a �million refurbishment
programme over the
summer.
Be careful not to start any arguments
after too much sherry this Christmas ?
losing your friends may increase your
risk of developing type 2 diabetes, a
study suggests.
A person?s chances of having type 2
diabetes goes down in proportion to the
number of friends they have, researchers in the Netherlands found.
They said that people at risk of the
disease, such as those who were overweight, should try to make new friends
or join a social club.
Researchers looked at 2,861 people
and found that those with fewer than
the average of 10 people in their social
networks were more likely to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.
Individuals who did not participate
in clubs or other group activities had a
much higher chance of having the
disease than those who did ? 112 per
cent higher for women and 42 per cent
for men. The researchers also found
that for men, living alone increased
the chance of type 2 diabetes by 94 per
cent.
Miranda Schram, one of the study?s
authors from Maastricht University
Medical Centre, said: ?High risk groups
for type 2 diabetes should broaden their
network and should be encouraged to
make new friends, as well as become
members of a club, such as a volunteer
organisation, sports club or discussion
group.?
The design of the study, which was
published in the journal BMC Public
Health, meant it was not possible to
separate cause and effect. The authors
said it was possible that changes in the
body that were precursors to diabetes
might make people feel tired or unwell,
causing them to limit social activities.
Emma Elvin, Diabetes UK clinical
advisor, said: ?We don?t yet fully understand the link between type 2 diabetes
and social isolation . . . What we do
know is that the best way to reduce your
risk of type 2 diabetes is by maintaining
a healthy weight through a balanced
diet and regular exercise.?
Death crash man?s 120mph chase
Will Humphries
Richard Ford Home Correspondent
A young man killed in a late-night
crash in Birmingham in which six
people died was recently freed from jail
after being caught by police in a
120mph car chase.
Kasar Jehangir, 25, was named by
neighbours last night as one of the three
men killed in a black Audi S3 after it
crossed the central reservation of a
40mph city centre dual carriageway
and crashed head on into two other
cars in the early hours of Sunday.
The accident also claimed the lives of
Imtiaz Mohammed, 33, a taxi driver on
his last job before returning to his wife
and six children, and his two passengers.
Mr Mohammed?s family said that the
father of five daughters and one son, all
under 15, had been due to celebrate his
daughter?s fourth birthday yesterday.
Mr Jehangir died after he was thrown
far from the Audi in the crash, along
with his friends Mohammed Fasha, 30
and Tauqeer Hussain, 26, who both
2
Imtiaz Mohammed, a taxi driver, is
killed along with his female passenger.
A male passenger dies later in hospital
1
Victims from the A
Audi
Audi S3 loses
control and
swerves into
oncoming traffic
A4
3
540
Three men, including Kasar
Jehangir, left, in the Audi are
killed. Two people in blue car
sustain minor injuries
died. A fourth man, aged 22, who was
also thrown from the Audi is in a critical
condition in hospital.
Mr Jehangir was arrested in July last
year after police began monitoring an
Audi S3 in Penkridge, Staffordshire, at
2.40am after a tip-off. As they tried to
pull the car over, he accelerated down
the M6, weaving between lanes at
120mph as the occupants hurled heroin
out of the car windows. Mr Jehangir
was given 36 months in jail in November last year but was released on home
detention curfew, which ended on
December 12, The Times understands.
Inmates are automatically released
from prison at the half way point of
their sentences, but Jehangir was eligible for earlier release under curfew.
This allows prisoners serving less than
four years to be released a maximum of
90 days before the halfway stage of
their sentence is reached. Usually, the
curfew requires the prisoner to remain
at their home address from 7pm to 7am
and if broken their electronic tag will
alert private contractors.
Mr Fasha and Mr Hussain lived near
each other in the Small Heath area of
Birmingham, where Mr Mohammed,
the taxi driver, also lived. Mr Jehangir
lived in the Bordesley Green area of the
city. Neighbours in Small Heath said
that Mr Fasha was obsessed by cars.
One said: ?I used to see him driving past
my house in a variety of cars. There is a
fast car culture around here.?
The crash happened at 1.10am at the
entrance to the underpass on Lee Bank
Middleway in Birmingham city centre.
Mr Mohammed was killed instantly
when his seven-seat black taxi was hit
head on by the Audi, which is believed
to have mounted the central reservation and landed on the wrong side of the
dual carriageway.
A 43-year-old female passenger in
the taxi died at the scene. A 42-year-old
male passenger died in hospital.
Another vehicle believed to have been
hit by the Audi suffered extensive damage but the man and woman inside
managed to get out and suffered relatively minor injuries. They were taken
to hospital for assessment. Three more
cars suffered minor damage after trying to avoid the crash.
Mr Mohammed?s father, Ihktiar, said
his grandchildren had gone to school as
usual yesterday morning and that the
younger of the children had not yet
been told of their father?s death.
He said: ?I am very sad, this is a tragedy for everyone ? for my family and also for the other families as well.?
Sergeant Alan Hands said that police
were keen to hear from witnesses and
were still trying to establish exactly
what had happened.
Officers from the West Midlands
force are investigating the condition of
the road, the speed of the cars and whether all of those involved had been
wearing seatbelts.
18
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Tuesday December 19 2017 | the times
News
?Racist? authorities ignored
pleas of murdered refugee
Simon de Bruxelles
An Iranian refugee who was beaten to
death then set on fire after years of
abuse by neighbours was a victim of
?institutional racism? from police and
his local authority, a report has found.
Bijan Ebrahimi, 44, was murdered in
July 2013 outside his flat on an estate in
Brislington, Bristol. The report by the
Safer Bristol Partnership, which is
made up of representatives of the local
authorities, including the police, accuses Avon and Somerset police and Bristol city council of ?repeatedly siding
with the abusers? who falsely accused
Mr Ebrahimi of being a paedophile.
It said there was ?evidence of discriminatory behaviour and institutional racism? by both bodies who failed to
act despite Mr Ebrahimi?s repeated
complaints that he was being victimised.
His family welcomed the report?s
conclusion. Their lawyers said it was
the first finding of institutional racism
against a police force since the report by
Sir William Macpherson into the fatal
stabbing of Stephen Lawrence in Eltham, southeast London, and the first
ever against a local authority.
Mr Ebrahimi?s murderer, his neighbour Lee James, was jailed for life after
a jury heard he had accused Mr Ebrahimi of being a paedophile. James
claimed Mr Ebrahimi had been filming
his young daughter. In fact, the house-
proud victim was trying to catch
whoever kept vandalising the flower
pots outside his front door. Although
the report found no evidence that individuals within either the police or
council were being intentionally racist,
Mr Ebrahimi was made the subject of
an anti-social behaviour order.
It concluded: ?There is evidence that
Mr Ebrahimi was repeatedly targeted
for racist abuse and victimisation by
some members of the public, that this
was repeatedly reported to Avon and
Somerset constabulary and Bristol city
Bijan Ebrahimi said
repeatedly that
he was being
abused by his killer
council and that representatives of
both organisations repeatedly sided
with his abusers. The more incidents
that were reported, the more ingrained
this pattern of responses became, right
up to Mr Ebrahimi?s death.?
It added: ?Representatives of those
organisations displayed a distinct lack
of understanding of his plight.?
In July, the Independent Police
Complaints Commission concluded
that Avon and Somerset police repeatedly failed Mr Ebrahimi in the seven
years before his death. It said officers
showed ?hallmarks of racial bias?, with
police logs concerning him having
?racist undertones?. PC Kevin Duffy
and PCSO Andrew Passmore were jailed for misconduct in public office in
connection with Mr Ebrahimi?s death.
They and two female officers were dismissed from Avon and Somerset police.
Chief Constable Andy Marsh apologised to Mr Ebrahimi?s family for
having ?failed him in his hour of need?.
He added: ?We?ve made many changes
since Mr Ebrahimi?s murder in response to the things we learnt and identified to be in need of change. Some of
these failings were systematic but it?s
important to acknowledge that the actions of a very small number of individuals had a catastrophic effect.?
Marvin Rees, the mayor of Bristol, issued an unreserved apology on the part
of the city council and said it accepted
all the review?s findings.
Allan Hogarth, from Amnesty International UK, said: ?Mr Ebrahimi was
failed by the system, and police forces
across the country need to learn some
hard lessons from his brutal, preventable and immensely sad death.?
Mr Ebrahimi?s sisters, Mojgan Kahayatian and Manisha Moores, said in a
statement: ?No review can ever bring
back our beloved Bijan but it is important that his voice has been heard.Bijan
always said that racism must be challenged wherever it is found, including
in town halls and police stations.?
Daughter tries to evict
mother?s boyfriend, 93
David Brown
A grieving daughter is attempting to
evict her late mother?s wealthy longterm boyfriend from the family home
where he has lived for two decades, a
court was told yesterday.
Lynn Lewis has accused Thomas
Warner, 93, of being a ?trespasser? in
her parent?s home after her mother,
Audrey Blackwell, died.
She claims Mr Warner, a millionaire
former businessman, encouraged Mrs
Blackwell to believe that he would
move out of the house after her death
and she ?trusted him to be a man of his
word?.
Mr Warner says he spent the ?happiest days of his life? at the house in the
village of Twyning Green near Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, and insists he
wants to spend the rest of his days there.
Although the couple never married
they lived together at the house for 20
years until Mrs Blackwell died in 2014,
aged 82, the Court of Appeal was told.
Bernard Weatherill, QC, representing Ms Lewis, said Mrs Blackwell left
her �8,000 estate, including the
house, to her only child.
He said Mr Warner was ?not short of
money? and had not expected to be left
anything in the will.
?He is a millionaire who has already
had the advantage of living in the house
of the deceased lady and has come to
the court against that background,? Mr
Weatherill added.
Two months after her mother?s
death, Ms Lewis served Mr Warner
with a notice to move out and he refused to leave, the court was told.
Ms Lewis then launched a possession
action ?on the basis that Mr Warner
was a trespasser?.
She said his unwelcome presence in
her mother?s house was preventing her
from grieving properly.
Mr Warner countered by successfully claiming ?reasonable provision?
from Mrs Blackwell?s estate. Such
claims are usually brought by impoverished family or loved ones who are left
out of wills.
Judge Christopher Gardner, sitting at
Cheltenham and Gloucester county
court, came down on his side in November last year, ordering that the
house be transferred into Mr Warner?s
name in return for him paying Ms Lewis �5,000.
Mr Warner?s need to keep a familiar
?roof over his head? meant he qualified
as Mrs Blackwell?s dependant and was
therefore entitled to make a claim on
her estate.
Ms Lewis?s challenge to the decision
was turned down by the High Court last
year and she is now asking the Court of
Appeal to reverse that ruling.
Roger Evans, representing Mr
Warner, told the court that his client
was brought up in the village and if
forced to move he might not be able to
buy another home at the heart of
Twyning Green.
The judgment was adjourned to a
later date.
the times | Tuesday December 19 2017
19
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News
TIMES PHOTOGRAPHER RICHARD POHLE
Tory aide says
he joked with
rape accuser
David Brown
Finishing touches The dean?s verger at Westminster Abbey prepares the nativity display, which features as its centrepiece a hand-carved wooden crib from Germany
Church divisions deepen as first
woman named Bishop of London
Kaya Burgess
Religious Affairs Correspondent
A former chief nurse has been named
Bishop of London, the first time a
woman has taken one of the Church of
England?s top three jobs.
The Right Rev Dame Sarah Mullally,
55, was a specialist cancer nurse and
has served as a lower-level suffragan
bishop in Crediton, Devon, for two
years. She said she was surprised and
delighted to be named the 133rd Bishop
of London and the church?s most senior
woman, but also ?slightly terrified?.
The appointment of a woman was
considered unlikely because of fierce
divisions in the diocese over the ordination of female clergy. Bishop Mullally
was not listed among the top eight
names by the bookmaker William Hill,
or even among the top three women,
because she was outranked by a number of female candidates.
The Women and the Church campaign group said that the appointment
paved the way for a first female archbishop while Jayne Ozanne, a gay rights
campaigner on General Synod, called
it an ?extraordinarily brave and welldeserved appointment?.
The Forward in Faith group, however, issued a statement signed by the
Bishop of Wakefield warning that it
would lead to a ?deeper impairment? of
relations between the church and worshippers who oppose female clergy.
Bishop Mullally served as the government?s chief nursing officer for England from 1999 to 2004. She was ordained in 2001 and appointed a dame in
2005 for her services to nursing.
It is believed that Theresa May will be
particularly pleased, having hoped
for a female nominee. The secretive Crown Nominations Commission conducts interviews for
new bishops and submits two
names to Downing Street via
Lambeth Palace, with a preference expressed. In general, the prime minister is
Sarah Mullally was
made a dame for her
services to nursing
Shattering the glass ceiling
Commissioner of the Metropolitan
Police Cressida Dick became the
first woman to be Britain?s most
senior police officer in April
President of the Supreme Court
Baroness Hale of Richmond became
the first woman to be the most
senior judge in July
Black Rod Last month Sarah Clarke
became the first woman to hold the
role in its 650-year history
P
Prime minister Theresa May
entered No 10 in July last year
Home secretary Amber Rudd is
the third female home secretary
expected to pass the preferred
candidate to the Queen for
nomination.
Anglican worshippers in
London hold a particularly broad range of theolog-
ical views. Bishop Mullally will be seen
as a compromise, at least on the issue of
same-sex marriage. She said yesterday
that she supports church teaching that
marriage is between a man and a
woman, but is also helping lead the
church?s review of its stance on sexuality and marriage. She said she would
reach out to those who oppose female
clergy, explaining: ?I respect those who
cannot accept my ministry as a bishop
because I am a woman.?
Bishop Mullally will be formally installed in spring, replacing Lord Chartres, who retired in March after 22
years. He did not ordain priests of either
sex in order to preserve unity. The
Right Rev Pete Broadbent has been acting Bishop of London.
Bishop Mullally has a son and a
daughter with her husband, Eamonn.
The Bishop of London is traditionally
appointed Dean of Her Majesty?s
Chapels Royal, in which case she may
play a role in the wedding of Prince
Harry and Meghan Markle, as her predecessor did in the wedding of the Duke
and Duchess of Cambridge.
Lessons in transgender issues for all primary pupils
Rosemary Bennett Education Editor
All primary and secondary schools
will teach children about same-sex
relationships and be ?sensitive? to
transgender issues, campaigners have
been told, as a mass consultation on sex
education begins.
Ministers will ask parents, teachers
and pupils to contribute to a ?call
for evidence? on what compulsory
sex education should contain. The
consultation will last eight weeks.
From September 2019, all schools in
England will be required to teach
Relationship and Sex Education (RSE).
In primary schools, the focus will be
on building healthy relationships and
staying safe, the Department for
Education said, while in secondary
school it would focus on sex as well as
relationships.
The department has written to LGBT
campaigners including Peter Tatchell,
saying that new lessons will address
their concerns and that all schools
would ?ensure that young people,
whatever their developing sexuality or
identity, feel that RSE is relevant to
them and sensitive to their needs?. Gui-
dance is also being updated to address
contemporary issues such as cyberbullying, sexting and online safety.
Thomas Pascoe, of the Coalition for
Marriage, said: ?There is no age-appropriate way to teach primary school age
children about homosexual relationships or transgenderism. We should be
teaching young children broad values
of respect and tolerance.?
An MP?s chief of staff who is accused of
raping a woman said yesterday that the
two had joked around as they had sex in
his boss?s office in Westminster.
Samuel Armstrong, who worked for
Craig Mackinlay, a Tory MP, is accused
of attacking a young parliamentary
worker after they spent a night drinking
in the Houses of Parliament.
Mr Armstrong, 24, denies two charges of rape, one of sexual assault and
one of assault by penetration, claiming
they had consensual sex. He told
Southwark crown court they danced in
the MP?s office and began kissing
before he performed a sex act on her.
?After a little while she said, ?some
people are going to think that you have
taken advantage of me?, but it was in a
sort of teasing voice,? he told the court.
?I responded, ?I?m not sure anyone
could come to that conclusion?.?
Mr Armstrong, from Danbury in Essex, said the woman, who cannot be
named for legal reasons, sat on top of
him and they began to have sex again.
He was arrested after she was seen on
CCTV running through the corridors of
Westminster in tears. The court was
told last week that she denied telling
her boyfriend to give the story to the
media just hours after the incident.
Mr Armstrong, who said his bail conditions ban him from entering the
Houses of Parliament, told the court he
regretted having sex in his boss?s office
and said his life had been turned upside
down since the allegation was made last
year. The trial continues.
Peers call for
action after
trial blunder
Frances Gibb, David Brown
Senior legal figures have piled pressure
on ministers to act over the failings
exposed in the case of a student
wrongly charged with rape.
Lord Morris of Aberavon, a former
attorney-general, demanded a judgeled inquiry into the lack of disclosure in
the trial that could have led to the conviction for rape of Liam Allan.
His call came as Angela Rafferty, QC,
chairwoman of the Criminal Bar Association, which represents barristers,
warned that ?unconscious bias? could
be preventing police and prosecuting
barristers from thoroughly investigating people who claim they were victims of sexual assaults.
The case against Mr Allan collapsed
last week after it emerged that the
police had not disclosed evidence from
the mobile phone of the woman who
accused him of a series of rapes ? texts
that proved she had lied. Mr Allan, 22, a
criminology student at the University
of Greenwich, said he had endured two
years of ?mental torture? between his
arrest and the start of his trial at Croydon crown court last month.
Lord Judge, a former lord chief justice, led a line-up of senior lawyers at a
debate in the Lords demanding to know
whether the police and Crown Prosecution Service lacked resources. Lord
Cormack, a Tory, said there was concern at a ?clear, near miscarriage of justice? that would ?significantly undermine public confidence?.
Letters, page 32
20
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Tuesday December 19 2017 | the times
News
CHARLOTTE GRAHAM
Firms? shortcuts over safety
shock Grenfell inquiry chief
Sean O?Neill Chief Reporter
Water colour A series of LED wands were used to give the effect of rainbows
flying from the fountains in this long-exposure photograph of York art gallery
Incompetence, cutting corners and prioritising costs over safety are rife in the
construction industry, a post-Grenfell
interim review concluded yesterday.
Dame Judith Hackitt, who is leading
the review of building regulations, said
she had been shocked by industry practices that indicated ?a systemic failure?
and led her to conclude that current
regulatory arrangements were ?not fit
for purpose?.
Speaking after the report?s publication, Dame Judith told MPs it was ?extraordinary? that although the fire service was consulted over building projects its advice was frequently ignored
by contractors and property owners.
She said she had been taken aback by
the lack of record-keeping around
building design and changes in specifications as projects progressed; the
absence of a rigorous accreditation
system for people in important roles,
including engineers and fire safety assessors, and the fact that regular fire
safety assessments were required but
did not have to be reported to anyone. It
was of concern that building materials
could be switched for a different product on the basis of a secretive ?desktop
study? rather than physical fire testing.
Dame Judith?s review was commissioned by Sajid Javid, the communities
secretary, in the aftermath of the Grenfell Tower fire in June, which killed 71
Her main recommendations
6 Urgent streamlining of guidance
documents on building regulations
6 A more robust accreditation and
qualification system for people
involved in the construction and
maintenance of complex buildings
6 Fire service advice on buildings
should be fully taken into account
6 Building control bodies must
ensure that fire safety information is
provided
6 Fire risk assessments should be
carried out annually and whenever
any significant alterations are made
6 Restrict the use of desktop
studies to approve cladding systems
people and left hundreds homeless. A
vital question was how it had been possible for flammable cladding and insulation materials to be fitted to the 24-storey block in a � million refurbishment
project in 2016. The review echoed the
conclusions of the coroner who questioned the complexity of building regulations in a report on the Lakanal
House tower fire in which six people
died in 2009.
Mr Javid said last night that the regulatory system that had emerged under
successive governments was ?complex
and confusing? and that he accepted
Dame Judith?s interim recommendations for significant reform. Dame
Judith, a former head of the Health and
Safety Executive, said: ?I have found
that the regulatory system for safely designing, constructing and managing
buildings is not fit for purpose. The current system is highly complex and there
is confusion about the roles and responsibilities at each stage. In many
areas there is a lack of competence and
accreditation?.
In her foreword, Dame Judith said
that there was ?plenty of good practice?
in the industry but ?it is not difficult to
see how those who are inclined to take
short cuts can do so?. She plans to hold
a summit next month to drive forward
reforms and wants to deliver a final report by the spring.
She said: ?The mindset of doing
things as cheaply as possible and passing on responsibility for problems and
shortcomings to others must stop.? The
industry had to take more responsibility and not sit and wait for regulators to
tell it what to do, an approach driven by
?aiming for minimum compliance?.
She said that her conclusions did not
mean that there were a lot of unsafe
high-rise buildings: ?Major building
failures, including large-scale fires, are
very rare and there are many construction firms, building owners, landlords
and others in the system who do the
right thing and recognise their responsibilities,? she said.
the times | Tuesday December 19 2017
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News
One in five cancer patients waits too long for diagnosis
Chris Smyth Health Editor
At least a fifth of cancer patients suffered avoidable delays in diagnosis that
could have harmed their chances of
recovery, according to the first study of
its kind.
A quarter of patients waited more
than three months to find out they had
cancer as backlogs in getting test results, long waits for appointments and
red tape prolonged diagnosis, the analysis by researchers at Public Health
England found. Men with prostate
cancer waited four times as long for a
diagnosis as women with breast cancer.
Britain?s cancer survival rates have
long lagged behind the best in Europe
and later diagnosis is thought to be one
of the key reasons. Researchers carried
out an audit of 17,000 patients, aiming
to pinpoint why patients in Britain had
to wait so long to find out they had
cancer. The average patient took 40
days from seeing a GP to be diagnosed,
well above the target of 28 days that is
to be introduced next year. Most of this
delay came after a GP had referred
patients to hospitals.
Greg Rubin of Newcastle University,
senior author of the research paper,
said this suggested that the focus
needed to shift away from family doctors. ?The time after GP referral before
a patient is diagnosed is a period we
haven?t focused on before, and maybe
we should,? he said. ?It is a significant
number of people [facing long waits]
and we need to consider why.?
Doctors estimated that 22 per cent of
patients had avoidable delays getting
diagnoses, with ?system? problems
such as getting test results the main culprits, according to results published in
the British Journal of General Practice.
?There is growing evidence for delays
having adverse effects on outcomes for
cancer,? Professor Rubin warned.
?Even a minimal period of time can
have consequences. The longer it takes
to provide patients with a diagnosis the
more advanced the cancer. It?s not supportable to say that it doesn?t matter.?
While he said that individual patients
should not panic if their treatment had
been delayed he demanded improvement, saying that speeding up the diagnosis process could help Britain close
the gap in survival rates.
Jodie Moffat of Cancer Research UK,
which helped fund the study, said: ?Too
many patients have waited far too long
for diagnostic tests or getting the results back. This must change.?
Rosie Loftus, joint chief medical officer of Macmillan Cancer Support, said:
?As one in two of us will receive a cancer
diagnosis at some point in our lifetime,
it?s crucial that patients have as good an
experience as possible during this lifechanging moment.?
More than 350,000 people develop
cancer each year. Although diagnosing
breast cancer takes 14 days on average,
this rises to 66 days for kidney cancer.
Prostate Cancer UK has demanded improvement on the 56 days it takes to
spot the most common male cancer.
A spokeswoman for NHS England
said: ?In the three years since these
2014 figures were collected, the NHS
has published a national cancer strategy and, thanks to improved NHS care,
an extra 2,000 people now survive
cancer each year.?
ENTERPRISE NEWS AND PICTURES
Salmond?s
chat show
investigated
by watchdog
Hamish Macdonell
Scottish Political Editor
Darius Campbell
made a video for
Fresh2o water
filters in 2014,
when he drank the
contaminated
water. He came
third on Pop
Idol, right,
in 2002
West End star left in coma after
water charity stunt went wrong
Jack Malvern
A singer?s attempt to prove the effectiveness of a charity?s water filter backfired when he drank from the wrong
bottle and fell into a coma.
Darius Campbell, who rose to fame
on the ITV television talent contests
Popstars in 2001 and Pop Idol in 2002
under the name Darius Danesh, was
accidentally given a display model
without a filter during a promotion
organised by Fresh2o.
Campbell, 37, was filming a promotional video for the charity when he
drank water taken from the Thames in
London near a sewage outlet. As he extolled the virtues of the filter, which has
brought potable water to hundreds of
thousands of people, he swallowed a
virus that weakened his immune
system and led to a life-threatening
infection.
The video of him talking about the
filter is still online but does not show
him drinking. ?I drank the water for the
video and raised the funds but when I
went to Glasgow to see my mum for her
birthday I collapsed,? he told the Sunday
Post about the incident, which happened in February 2014. ?It turned out
I had a cerebral oedema where your
brain swells bigger than your skull.?
Booth Danesh, his father, saved his
life, Campbell said. ?He got me to a hospital. They [doctors] diagnosed it quickly. I had bacterial meningitis.?
Campbell, whose acting career has
included leading roles in West End productions of Guys and Dolls and Gone
with the Wind, continues to represent
the charity as an ambassador alongside
the astronaut Buzz Aldrin and the
actress Keira Knightley.
He said that the virus from the
Thames stayed in his system for
months without him noticing any ill
effects. ?It knocked my white blood cell
count out for months and had left my
immunity low so that I could have
picked up anything going around. I had
been flying a lot and picked up bacterial
meningitis, which at that time was on
the rise.?
Avril Danesh, his mother, was having
chemotherapy and radiotherapy for
breast cancer at the time but she stayed
at his bedside as he slipped into a coma.
Campbell said that she was the first
person he saw when he regained consciousness. ?As I came out of the coma
I remember my mum sitting beside the
bed. It felt upside down and wrong
because mum was going through
cancer treatment. Yet she was sat next
to me with tears in her eyes telling my
brother that they almost lost me.?
Candice Farmer, founder of Fresh2o,
said that she was ?really upset to discover that Darius had been so poorly?. She
said that he must have been given the
wrong bottle because the event had ben
so busy. ?With film shoots there?s always lots of things going on. I think it
was unfortunately just one of those
things.? She said that she was relieved
that Campbell had recovered. ?If anything, it strengthens why you want to
help children because it makes one
realise how dangerous it can be to drink
[contaminated] water,? she added.
Campbell, who made a full recovery
and went on to appear in the musical
Funny Girl alongside Sheridan Smith,
said that he had been worried that the
filters were faulty and that others
would have suffered. ?I suddenly got a
shock, worrying that the water filters
didn?t work and that they had been sent
off and that other people could have
died because of this. But other people
who drank the water didn?t get sick and
it was a huge relief when we found out
that the water filter I used was a display
model without a filter.
?So, in an inadvertent way, I proved
the water filter worked because the
others who drank from a bottle with a
filter in it, didn?t get sick. That was the
silver lining.?
Alex Salmond?s controversial television
show on RT is being investigated by the
broadcasting watchdog over claims
that it breached accuracy rules.
Ofcom said that it is looking at the
first edition of The Alex Salmond Show,
broadcast on November 16, after a
complaint over the veracity of some
material broadcast. It is understood the
investigation will focus on tweets read
out by Mr Salmond that he claimed he
had received from the public.
It later emerged that one message
appeared to come from an account that
did not exist and another from a user
that had never tweeted. Mr Salmond?s
producers insisted at the time of the
row that the tweets related to ?real
questions from real people.?
An Ofcom spokeswoman said: ?We
are investigating whether this programme breached our rules on due
accuracy.?
The former first minister?s political
chat show has only been going a few
weeks but has been contentious from
the start, principally because it is on RT,
formerly known as Russia Today. The
state-sponsored television channel has
been criticised for pushing pro-Putin
propaganda. Nicola Sturgeon has made
it clear that her ministers will not
appear on the show.
Mr Salmond, however, insists that he
maintains total editorial control.
Sl鄆nte Media, the production company responsible for the programme,
said: ?This is an investigation by Ofcom
into a single complaint in relation to
tweets and messages used on the first
edition of The Alex Salmond Show.
?As we said when the complaint was
first made public on November 17, we
will be happy to co-operate with the
Ofcom investigation and are confident
of a satisfactory outcome.?
RT said: ?Per Ofcom guidelines we
are unable to comment on its enquiries,
and as Ofcom advises, it is important to
note that an investigation by Ofcom
does not necessarily mean the broadcaster or service provider has done anything wrong.?
6 Ofcom has announced its first
broadcasting standards investigation
into the BBC after an interview in
which Lord Lawson of Blaby contested
evidence about climate change on
Radio 4?s Today programme, saying
there had been ?no increase in extreme
weather events?. The BBC has already
upheld complaints it received about the
interview and said that presenters
?should have challenged? the claims.
the times | Tuesday December 19 2017
23
2G M
News
PA
Uber driver admits
he killed diplomat
Richard Spencer Beirut
Gabriella Swerling
An Uber driver with a criminal record
has confessed to attempting to rape and
then killing a British diplomat found
dead beside a main road in Beirut,
police said yesterday.
Security sources identified the suspect as Tarek Hesso Harb, and said that
he was arrested on suspicion of murder
yesterday morning. They also revealed
that he had served time in prison
between 2015 and this year for drugs
offences and had somehow evaded
criminal record vetting when he became a driver for Uber two months ago.
Rebecca Dykes, 30, who was on
secondment to the British embassy in
Beirut from the Department for
International Development (Dfid), was
found by a main road leading out of
Beirut on Saturday afternoon and
identified on Sunday.
Her family said yesterday: ?Becky is
simply irreplaceable and we will never
fully recover from this loss.?
She had been with embassy friends
and others for a leaving party on Friday
evening in Demo, a popular bar just off
Gemmayzeh, a thoroughfare known
for its cocktail bars and restaurants.
She left with a friend at about 11pm
and went to find a taxi home as the
friend walked to her apartment near by.
In Lebanon all Uber drivers must
have a regular taxi licence provided
by the authorities, which is given only
after police have confirmed that
applicants have a clean record.
?We are horrified by this senseless
act of violence,? a spokesman for Uber
said. ?Our hearts are with the victim
and her family. We are working with
authorities to assist their investigation
in any way we can.?
It is understood that at least one
security camera captured footage of Ms
Dykes entering a car. Security sources
said that a phone call she made to a
local number allowed them to trace the
Uber driver to his flat. The numberplate
also matched a car picked up by speed
cameras on the Matn Express Highway,
a dual carriageway. Ms Dykes?s body
was found just off the road. Police say
that the driver had first taken her
towards her home in the upmarket
district of Ashrafiyeh, and then seems
to have driven north towards the coast.
A piece of rope had been used to
strangle her, according to an initial
post-mortem examination. She was not
immediately identified. However, she
had been due to catch a flight to Britain
on Saturday, and when she did not
arrive the embassy contacted police.
Ms Dykes spoke Chinese and had
worked in Hong Kong, teaching and
translating documents for a human
rights group, before becoming a programme and policy manager for Dfid.
She is said to have spent her childhood
between family in Britain, boarding
school and Hong Kong, where her
father worked.
Gainsborough
art vandal ?fled
psychiatric unit?
Rebecca Dykes, 30, was due to fly home from Beirut for Christmas on Saturday
1 Ms Dykes has
drinks in Demo Bar
on Lebanon Street
2 She leaves at 11pm,
walks to Gouraud Street
and gets into a taxi
Mar Mkhaye
Mkhayel
Gemmayzeh
Ge
Gem
G
emmayzeh
em
m
mmayz
mmayzeh
z
Ma
ar Mitr
itr
trr
So
Sodeco
odeco
o
od
deco
deco
Beiru
B
Be
ei u
utt
1 mile
e
Khodor
dor
Mediterranean
Sea
Mezher
Mezh
Me
M
e her
er
4 Taxi caught on
speed camera
Biaqout
Dekw
ekw
kwane
kwa
k
kw
wane
wa
w
a
ane
an
neh
ne
3 Taxi goes towards
Ashrafiyeh district
Sodeco
eco
cco
5 Body found by
roadside on Matn
Express Highway
A homeless man damaged a � million
painting by one of Britain?s most celebrated artists after absconding from a
psychiatric hospital, a court has heard.
Keith Gregory, 63, left two deep slash
marks in an X shape on The Morning
Walk (1785) by Thomas Gainsborough
when he attacked it with a drill bit at the
National Gallery in Trafalgar Square,
London, on March 18 this year.
Mr Gregory, of Kettering in Northamptonshire, caused in excess of
�,000 worth of damage to the artwork before he was dragged away by
security guards shouting that he had
just been released from prison and was
going to trigger a bomb.
Mr Gregory denies a charge of criminal damage, claiming that he is not
guilty by reason of insanity.
Southwark crown court heard that
he had been admitted to a psychiatric
hospital on October 22 last year but had
absconded on November 11 and had
slept rough for several months.
Nicholas Dunham, for the prosecution, told the jury: ?Since the incident
Mr Gregory has also been under psychiatric care and has been diagnosed as
having a mental illness, most probably
paranoid schizophrenia.?
He continued: ?The dispute between
the Crown and the defence arises as to
whether when Mr Gregory damaged
the painting he knew what he was
doing was wrong. The Crown says that
he did. The defence says he didn?t.?
The trial continues.
24
1G M
Tuesday December 19 2017 | the times
News
I N T H E T I M E S T O M O R ROW
ART
ARTS
COMING TO A
NE
SWAMP NEAR
YOU
Shrek the Musical
starts its UK tour
MAIN PAPER
P
BUSINESS
The world economy has
proved doomsayers wrong
DAVID SMITH
Amazon has been selling girls?
nappies at almost double the
price of those for boys. Large
Huggies pull-up potty training
pants for boys were �for 22,
while the same brand for girls
cost �50. Huggies small nighttime pants for boys were �90,
while the girls? pants cost
�48, despite being the same
price at other retailers. Rachel
Whiteley, 28, from Hull in East
Yorkshire, who spotted the
discrepancy and so refused to
buy from Amazon, said: ?For it
to place that extra price on me
just because my daughter is
female is disgusting.? Amazon
declined to comment.
Kimberly-Clark Europe, which
makes Huggies, said that
pricing was down to retailers.
Caught eight times
by one speed camera
COMMENT
SPORT
ROGER BOYES
Antisemitism is
making a comeback
in Europe
WHAT NOW FOR
ENGLAND?
Our cricket experts give
their verdict
MAIN PAPER
MAIN PAPER
ALBANPIX
A cradle of inequality
for girls at Amazon
A paediatrician has been
banned from driving after she
was caught speeding eight
times in three months by the
same camera. Maria
Hadjicosta, 45, who is training
to be a consultant, drove at up
to 69mph between Manchester
and Royal Oldham Hospital
despite a temporary 50mph
limit on the M60. She
admitted speeding but told
Manchester magistrates? court
that she thought the temporary
limit did not apply at night.
She was banned for 21 days
and ordered to pay �615 costs.
Lucky escape The brother and sister, in their 70s and 80s, who own this former post office in Binham,
Norfolk, were not there early yesterday morning when a lorry crashed into it and reduced it to rubble
Ecstasy overdose killed man at sex festival
A 53-year-old man died at a
sex fetish festival after taking a
lethal dose of Ecstasy.
Steven Graves was found
outside his tent at Flamefest in
Tunbridge Wells with a
woman unconscious on his
chest. He met Sandra Levy at
the August festival and they
had camped together, the
inquest in Maidstone was told.
They had each taken a pill
offered by a stranger. An event
volunteer said that he saw the
pair outside in the early hours
of the morning and both were
snoring. When he passed them
again Mr Graves? lips were
blue, Detective Sergeant Jim
Farley told the court.
Police were called to the
Powder Mill Lane campsite by
paramedics at 6.14am and Mr
Graves, who lost his job as a
technician in May was
pronounced dead. A postmortem examination found
that he had consumed
?excessive amounts of alcohol?
and had 11.09mg of MDMA,
the chemical name for Ecstasy,
per litre of blood. Geoffrey
Smith, assistant coroner for
north-west Kent, said: ?It?s
plain to me that he died from
ingesting a lethal dose.?
Space rock?s coating
saves it from sunburn
A space rock about the size
and shape of London?s Gherkin
that has entered the solar
system withstood the heat of
the sun because it has a special
coating, research suggests. The
object known as Oumuamua,
which was first spotted in
October, was heated to more
than 300C as it passed the sun
but it is thought that a 20in
crust of ?something along the
lines of dust and grit? saved it
from melting. Oumuamua, the
subject of much scientific
interest, is expected to take
years to exit the solar system.
the times | Tuesday December 19 2017
25
2GM
News
Ignore non-Muslim doctors, radio station tells listeners
Matthew Moore Media Correspondent
A Muslim radio station has been
reprimanded by Ofcom after an Islamic
scholar advised a sick listener to ignore
the advice of non-Muslim doctors.
The scholar, who was described on
the phone-in programme as ?the
Mufti?, said that it was unacceptable for
a diabetic to miss fasting days during
Ramadan on the recommendation of a
non-Muslim.
?If it is a non-Muslim doctor who is
giving the advice, well their advice
carries no weight. It has no importance
whatsoever,? he told a caller during a
phone-in on Radio Dawn, which
broadcasts in Punjabi to Muslims in
Nottingham.
The advice was potentially harmful
and discriminated against non-Muslims, Ofcom found. The caller had rung
in to ask when it was permitted under
Islamic law for a diabetic taking insulin
to follow their doctor?s advice to fast in
winter, when the days were shorter,
rather than during Ramadan, which
this year fell in May-June.
Muslims are meant to avoid eating
and drinking during daylight for the entire month of Ramadan, but there are
exemptions for those with ill health.
The Mufti, a legal expert who gives
rulings on religious matters, told the
caller that non-Muslim doctors were
over-cautious and could be ignored.
?Look, if the doctor is a Muslim and a
religious person, then his advice carries
weight. But if he is not a Muslim . . . a
non-Muslim doctor will tell you to stop
fasting even if you have a minor
headache,? he said during the latenight show in May this year. ?What you
have to do is check who is giving the ad-
Behind the story
I
slamic law states
that Muslims
may delay or
forgo their fast
during Ramadan
if it poses a danger to
health (Kaya Burgess
writes).
Those who are
pregnant or have a
medical condition can
make up their fast at
other times of year or
pay fidyah, a form of
donation, which
usually goes to feed
those in need.
Sheikh Ibrahim
Mogra, a leading
Islamic scholar and
one of the country?s
most senior imams,
said that there was no
requirement for the
vice. A proper Muslim doctor who is religious will not give you wrong advice.?
Ofcom launched an investigation
after a listener complained that the
Mufti?s advice was dangerous, and yes-
doctor who advises on
fasting to be a Muslim
because it ?is a matter
of health and life?.
The NHS has drawn
up guidelines on
fasting in consultation
with Islamic scholars.
They include advice
that those with type 1
diabetes should not
usually fast.
terday concluded that the station had
breached two rules against the broadcast of harmful and offensive material.
It said: ?The advice provided could
clearly have led listeners with diabetes
? a potentially serious health condition ? to either refrain from seeking
medical advice because their doctor
was not a practising Muslim, or to disregard or otherwise question legitimate
medical advice which they had received because it had not been given to
them by a practising Muslim doctor.?
The media regulator rebuked the
Mufti for saying that Muslims with
?mild diabetes? are not permitted to
give up fasting. Diabetes UK, the charity, says there is no such thing as mild
diabetes. Ofcom found that the Mufti?s
denigration of non-Muslim doctors
was ?discriminatory and potentially offensive?. It noted that he failed to make
clear that he was not medically qualified.
Karimia, which owns the Radio
Dawn licence, has apologised. Radio
Dawn claims to have 15,000 listeners.
Mum needed a
home . . . with
the carers? help
I found her one
christmas
appeal
Kat Lay Health Correspondent
They were once best friends, but Ming
Ho?s mother no longer recognises the
woman who visits her every week in her
care home.
That dreadful fact hit home for Ms
Ho yet again after she mentioned her
recent diagnosis of type 2 diabetes. ?She
was totally unmoved by it ? it meant
nothing to her,? she said. ?In years gone
by she would have felt it as a concern for
my wellbeing. If something was wrong
with me, she would have been upset.
Now she doesn?t care.?
She added: ?We are each other?s only
immediate family and had been close
all my life. To think that I could be in
trouble, injured or dead, and she
wouldn?t care at all is hard, particularly
when I?ve put so much love and care
into supporting her in these traumatic
years.?
Ms Ho, 51, makes a 200-mile round
trip from London to Gloucestershire
every Saturday to visit Glenys, 91, who
has Alzheimer?s disease and vascular
dementia. Ms Ho has cared for her for
more than a decade, to the detriment of
her career, personal life and finances.
Glenys has been in care since September 2011, with costs already well over
�0,000, largely funded by the sale of
the family home.
It was hard, Ms Ho said, to pinpoint
exactly when she realised that her
mother had dementia, but she thinks
that the earliest symptoms were in the
late 1980s and early 1990s, after her
father died from cancer suddenly just
before her Oxford finals. She put those
symptoms, including irrational animosity towards people or clinginess towards
her daughter, down to bereavement.
In the early 2000s, Glenys began to
have memory problems, and by the
middle of that decade she was experiencing severe problems including paranoia and delusion.
Ms Ho was in London, working as a
writer on soaps such as Casualty and
EastEnders, but gave up her career to go
freelance, thinking she could work
from anywhere with a laptop and be
better able to support her mother. That
did not work out. ?[Employers] demand
total 24-hour availability ? as does
someone in care,? she said.
Ms Ho?s mother had no official diagnosis until she went into the home,
when her daughter obtained a court of
protection order to manage her affairs.
Before that, her mother had refused to
engage with professionals, insisting
that she was coping at home. She did
not accept that it was Ms Ho who took
the bins out, did the food shopping,
washed and dried the laundry, organised appointments, cleaned the house
and did a hundred other things.
Her mother would take three newspapers to bed but did not notice that
this stained the sheets black with newsprint, leaving Ms Ho to change them
surreptitiously. ?Not only did I have to
arrange and do all these things, I had to
do it behind her back. If she caught me
she would be quite nasty,? Ms Ho said.
Professionals began to be involved in
2009, when Ms Ho went into hospital
for surgery that she had been putting
off for five years. ?I thought, I can?t be
out of action for six weeks and she lives
100 miles away.?
It became clear that her mother
would need residential care. Ms Ho
said: ?I had all these professionals saying you need to get your mum into care,
but when I said, ?How am I physically
going to broach the subject, and get her
to go there??, none of them could tell
me. ?It was the Alzheimer?s Society?s
Talking Point forum that was the only
real source of support for me.?
Carers who had been through it
before were able to be blunt enough to
Ming Ho with her mother, Glenys, 91.
Ms Ho had to give up work to care for
her when she was living at home
tell her that it would not be pleasant,
but had to be done. ?It was the carers
who told me, you just have to grasp the
nettle.? Ms Ho suggested to her mother
that they went for tea at the care home
and slipped away while she was chatting to staff, leaving an overnight bag.
She has written a radio play based on
her and her mother?s new relationship,
which has been nominated for a Writers? Guild award. While many of her
contemporaries have gone on to their
own shows with six-figure salaries, Ms
Ho is ?starting again? and unable to
afford basic maintenance to her home
or car. Glenys briefly qualified for NHS
funding last year but that was withdrawn. Ms Ho has also had problems
with the care home top-up fees.
The Alzheimer?s Society is running a
clinical trial to test whether offering
carers online cognitive behavioural
therapy, with or without telephone
back-up, can reduce their stress, anxiety and depression. It will report in summer next year.
Louise Walker, a research officer at
the charity, said: ?We did a survey
where we asked carers to talk to us
about levels of stress and anxiety. Nine
out of ten carers experienced some
form of stress or anxiety several times a
week, if not every day.? She said that
carers might struggle to get time off
work for traditional counselling, but
online support could be more helpful.
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26
2G M
Tuesday December 19 2017 | the times
News
Police seize car after driver
failed to insure for commute
Gabriella Swerling
Northern Correspondent
A driver had their car seized by police
while returning home from work
because their insurance did not cover
commuting.
West Yorkshire police tweeted a
picture of the car, which was stopped
early on Sunday, with the caption:
?M62 West, Huddersfield ? driver
commuting from work ? insurance
policy excludes commuting. Also an
incorrect address on the policy. Seized
and reported.? There was outrage on
Twitter, with one post pointing out that
the motorist would now be without a
car and could lose their job.
One Twitter user, Will, said: ?So let
me get this right. There?s drug dealers,
terrorists, paedophiles and killers all on
the police radar but you stop some
person on the way to work and take his/
her vehicle because his insurance
doesn?t cover commuting?? Michael
Barlow joked: ?Exceptional police
work, the sooner these crims are off the
street the better.? Ryan Davies said:
?Absolute menace to society.?
Nick Sprigg defended the police,
saying: ?All you bashing . . . you get the
option when taking policies out.?
Andrew Bridgen, the Conservative
MP for North West Leicestershire, said
that while the incident was ?a warning
for all of us?, he added: ?It does seem
harsh ? especially if they lose their
job.? He said there was a perception
that police found it easier to go after
motorists than burglars.
The Motor Insurers? Bureau said that
to use vehicles for commuting to work,
drivers must choose a policy that
covers ?social, domestic, pleasure and
commuting?. A serious breach of the
insurance policy terms could result in
the police seizing the vehicle, after
which it may be sold at auction ? or
crushed and sold for scrap with the cash
going to the force.
Neil Drane, head of enforcement at
the bureau, said: ?It?s clear that many
people still don?t fully understand the
insurance cover they have purchased.
This can lead to them unwittingly
driving without insurance.?
A West Yorkshire police spokesman
said: ?We cannot discuss this specific
incident in detail; however, we always
ensure the law is enforced fairly and
proportionately. If using the vehicle for
a class of use not covered, then the
vehicle is uninsured for that journey.?
Force wasted �,500 on Private Eye case
Matthew Moore Media Correspondent
A police force?s failed attempt to force a
satirical magazine to hand over a list of
its subscribers cost taxpayers more
than �,500, it can be revealed.
Hertfordshire police demanded Private Eye hand over the names of all subscribers in Hertfordshire in an attempt
to identify who had cut out a joke
related to the Manchester terrorist
attack and sent it to a Muslim female
police employee in the internal mail.
When the magazine refused, police
sought a production order under the
Police and Criminal Evidence Act. At a
hearing in September at Cambridge
crown court, Judge David Farrell, QC,
rejected the application and accused
police of taking a ?shot in the dark?. The
force was ordered to cover the hearing
costs, including Private Eye?s legal fees.
Lawyers for Private Eye said that subscriber lists would not narrow down
potential offenders because it is bought
by thousands of non-subscribers.
Hertfordshire police said: ?We will
continue to investigate allegations of
hate crime thoroughly using all of our
available resources.?
Bright start A cocker spaniel takes a morning dip at Seven Sisters, Sussex; a horse
the times | Tuesday December 19 2017
27
1G M
News
PETER CRIPPS; SIMON MAYCOCK/ALAMY; CWPIX/COVER IMAGES
The year in statistics?
It had a mean streak
Tom Whipple Science Editor
stretches its legs at Marazion beach, Cornwall; and a fishing boat attracts unwanted visitors near Penzance. Forecast, page 61
There is good news: only 0.1 per cent of
Britain has been densely built upon.
There is bad news: real average UK pay
remains 3 per cent lower than in 2008.
And there is news that is good if you are
scared of terrorists, but bad if you were
blithely unconcerned about gardening:
35 times more Americans are killed by
lawnmowers than by jihadists.
Together, these figures make up
some of the Royal Statistical Society?s
statistics of the year. The institute,
which counts among its members some
of Britain?s finest statisticians, has for
the first time compiled a list of the most
surprising, significant or unusual statistics of the past year.
Some of them, such as the figure on
land use, come from published scientific research. That number was produced by Alasdair Rae, a professor at
the University of Sheffield. It refers to
land the surface of which is 80 per cent
artificial. A further 5.3 per cent has been
built upon in some way. However, 9.4
per cent is peat bogs and more than half
is agricultural land.
David Spiegelhalter, chairman of the
judging panel, said that they chose that
statistic because of the insight it gave to
current debates.
?The strength in this statistic is its
surprise element. I think the figure is far
smaller than most people will have expected. Whatever side of the argument
you sit on, this statistic gives true in-
sight into the landscape of the United
Kingdom.?
Other numbers honoured included
7.7 billion ? the number of phone lines,
which for the first time exceeds the
global population ? and 403.3, the
concentration of carbon dioxide in the
atmosphere in parts per million.
Twenty-one, the number of teenage
pregnancies per 1,000, was chosen
because it is the lowest recorded level,
and also because it highlights a disconnect between the reality and public beliefs, with surveys showing that people
put the figure ten times higher.
Not all of the statistics came from official sources: 69, the number of annual
US lawnmower fatalities, compared
with two, the average number of Islamic
terrorist-related deaths over the past
decade, was sourced from a tweet by
Kim Kardashian.
Liberty Vittert, a lecturer at the University of Glasgow, said that the panel
chose this in part because it was popularised by someone who was not a
statistician.
?Everyone on the panel was particularly taken by this statistic and its insight into risk ? a key concept in both
statistics and everyday life,? she said.
?When you consider that this figure
was put into the public domain by Kim
Kardashian, it becomes even more
powerful because it shows anyone, statistician or not, can use statistics to illustrate an important point and illuminate
the bigger picture.?
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the times | Tuesday December 19 2017
29
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The tech giants hold our
democracy in contempt
Hugo Rifkind
Page 31
Comment
Tory beauty contest is already under way
Would-be leaders such as Boris Johnson and Gavin Williamson are flaunting their Brexit credentials to the party faithful
Rachel
Sylvester
@rsylvestertimes
O
ne of the first things
Theresa May did when
she arrived in No 10 was
to replace the sofa in the
prime minister?s study
with a table. The change was
intended to symbolise a move to a
more formal, structured process of
government, with decisions taken by
ministers in minuted meetings,
rather than by a clique lounging on
soft furnishings, as happened under
David Cameron and Tony Blair.
It was all spin, of course. Today
marks the first time that the cabinet
has formally discussed the most
important question facing the
country ? the nature of the UK?s
relationship with the EU after Brexit
? in the 16 months since the
referendum.
The crucial positions on leaving
the customs union and rejecting the
oversight of the European Court of
Justice were drawn up by Nick
Timothy, Mrs May?s former chief of
staff, rather than devised by senior
ministers. At times Philip May has
appeared to have more influence on
policy than Philip Hammond.
The government still has no settled
view on what kind of trade deal
Britain should be trying to negotiate.
A breakthrough in the talks in
Brussels brought no further clarity on
the British stance. As one senior Tory
says: ?It?s like setting off on a ship
without knowing where you?re going.
Only now we?re out at sea and in full
sail has the captain taken out the
charts to determine the course.?
Our weak prime minister, who
voted to Remain and now has to
deliver Brexit against her better
judgment, has still not dared to
confront the divisions on Europe
that threaten to tear her cabinet and
party apart. It is unlikely that
anything will be concluded today by
ministers serving a leader who
seems to prefer the Schr鰀inger?s Cat
approach to policy ? in which a
position can be simultaneously dead
and alive until the box is opened. ?All
they can agree is the lowest common
denominator,? one senior Tory says.
Another MP insists that even the
ministers who campaigned for
Brexit have no idea what they want
to do with their victory in the
referendum. ?They?re realising that
the facile simplicity of their
argument is being found out,? he
says. ?The arguments are slipping
away from them as people say, ?I
didn?t think it would be like this?. It?s
all to play for: softer Brexit at the
There?s no pragmatism
in the Tory party?s
approach to Europe
very minimum and even, in extremis,
the possibility of the collapse of
Brexit altogether.?
Context is everything. After
years in which successive Tory
leaders have felt the need to pander
to their party?s Eurosceptics, last
week?s defeat of the government
at the hands of Conservative
pro-Europeans was a reminder that
this wing of the party can no longer
be ignored. That will strengthen the
resolve of cabinet ministers who
want to soften the economic
impact of Brexit but have until now
been overruled.
The balance of power is always
shifting but the Europe question is
about so much more than whether
Britain should emulate Norway or
Canada in its future dealings with
the EU. It?s a debate that touches on
sovereignty, national identity and the
nature of Conservatism. The split
between those, such as
Mr Hammond and Amber Rudd,
who favour regulatory alignment and
those, including Boris Johnson and
Michael Gove, who promote
maximum divergence, is also a
tension between reactionaries and
radicals in the Tory party. For the
first group, the role of a Conservative
government is to preserve the status
quo, while the second group believes
in shaping the future through
creative destruction.
There is in fact a continuum
between convergence and
divergence. It?s all a question of
degree and so there should be room
for compromise on both sides. As
one ally of David Davis, the Brexit
secretary, puts it: ?The question is
how much alignment do you need to
get the best deal for Britain? This
should be a pragmatic rather than an
ideological judgment.?
The problem is that there is
nothing pragmatic about the
party?s approach to Europe. The
political historian Lord Hennessy of
Nympsfield points out that
otherwise rational people become
?quite irrational? on this subject.
?This is deeper than normal
economic questions; it has taken on
a theological characteristic,? he said.
What makes the whole discussion
even trickier to resolve for the
Conservatives is that Brexit policy
has also got wrapped up with the
personal ambitions of cabinet
ministers. Despite reports that the
prime minister is being urged to
delay her departure until close to the
next general election, one senior MP
when she promised to prove the
?doubters? wrong in the EU
negotiations at the weekend. For the
Tory Eurosceptics, Brexit has always
been an article of faith rather than a
rational choice. ?There?s a group of
Brexiteers who, once this is all over,
even if the Archangel Gabriel has
delivered the perfect Brexit, will be
moaning about betrayal,? one former
cabinet minister says. The Tory
?We are in a phase of
zealotry which is
pretty unhealthy?
Boris Johnson is echoing the darling
of the grass roots, Jacob Rees-Mogg
says: ?There?s a proxy leadership
election going on.? Ministers are
competing to flaunt their Eurosceptic
credentials to the party faithful who
will choose Mrs May?s successor. It is
no coincidence that the foreign
secretary has started to echo the
backbencher Jacob Rees-Mogg, the
darling of the Tory grass roots,
warning at the weekend against
Britain becoming a ?vassal state? of
the EU.
Senior Conservatives believe the
new defence secretary Gavin
Williamson?s decision to let it be
known that he is siding with the
cabinet Brexiteers is all about
positioning too. ?It?s naked
ambition,? one MP says. ?They
think that?s the only way they can
capture the party.?
There is a reason why Mrs May
deployed the language of the pulpit
pro-European rebels have been
denounced as heretics, with death
threats and warnings of deselection
against them by the self-appointed
true believers in their party. ?We
have moved into a phase of zealotry
which is pretty unhealthy,? says
one MP, ?but we are not a religious
party and the British people are
not zealots.?
In the new Star Wars film The Last
Jedi, Master Yoda returns to advise
Luke Skywalker to abandon his old
dogmas and rediscover the force
within. As he calls down a bolt of
lightning to set fire to the library of
sacred texts, he tells him: ?Time it is
for you to look past a pile of old
books.? The Tories too must look
past their old allegiances and
ideologies on Europe and think of
the country instead of themselves.
Otherwise they face possible
obliteration by the voters at the polls.
morland animation
Trump, Putin, May and
friends enjoy this magical
Christmas time of year
thetimes.co.uk
30
1G M
Tuesday December 19 2017 | the times
Comment
The EU is the engine room for extremism
Clumsy attempts to integrate our continent were doomed to failure and only bred resentment
Melanie
Phillips
@melanielatest
T
he artist Damien Hirst ?
he of the pickled animals
? says he is horrified by
Brexit. Why? ?It [Europe] is
about freedom, flexibility,
being able to travel. I feel sad that
my children won?t have that kind of
access and sad we would limit our
options in that way. It doesn?t make
any sense. But it?s not really the
people of Britain, is it? To choose
something as small-minded as that.?
So leaving the EU means Britons
will no longer be able to travel? How
does Damien Hirst think we get to
the US, Australia, India or indeed
anywhere in the world that is not
part of the EU?
Does he feel sad about the
un-British limiting of his options
when he has to get a visa to visit
Mumbai or fill in an electronic travel
authorisation form to go to New
York? Is the prospect of longer
checks at passport control at
Frankfurt or Milan airports really so
small-minded?
In this oddly irrational dread he is,
however, far from alone. In the
minds of many Remainers, those
who want to leave the EU hate
Europe and Europeans. The idea that
one might love visiting Europe and
like Europeans but nevertheless not
want to be ruled by them is
apparently incomprehensible. Britain
is pulling up an existential
drawbridge. The Brexiteers? desire to
open up the world is deemed a
retreat into isolationism.
Behind all this lies a curious
paradox. While Brexiteers believe
they are about to reclaim their
political identity, these Remainers
feel that they are about to lose theirs.
Such people often say they feel not
British but European. What, though,
does that mean? There is no
European-ness, no European nation,
no European identity. The countries
of Europe are all different.
What they seem to mean is what
they don?t feel, because their British
identity means little to them of value,
or perhaps they even despise it.
For decades, our intellectual class
has told itself that Britain is an
?imagined community?, that its sense
of itself as a nation is little more than
Our intellectual class
tells itself Britain is an
?imagined community?
vainglorious mythologising and is
ultimately meaningless.
This has gone hand in hand with
the orthodoxy that western culture
and national identity are bad
because the culture is historically
white and therefore racist, and the
nation spells nationalism, which
means bigotry and war.
National institutions and laws
must therefore be trumped by
trans-national ones such as the UN,
international human rights law and,
of course, the EU.
The foundational premise of the
European project was that, in the
light of the rise of fascism in the
Thirties, Germany and the other
nations of Europe were never again
to be trusted. So they had to lose
their independent power to serve
their own national interests.
The Brexit vote was a revolt
against this denial of sovereignty.
Remainers, however, refuse to
believe this because, for them,
sovereignty is an illusion. Instead,
they think that those who want out
of the EU are, in David Cameron?s
infamous words, ?fruitcakes, loonies
and closet racists?. As people
opposed to the axiomatically
enlightened EU project, they have to
be beyond the pale.
Yet far from standing for freedom
and flexibility, as Damien Hirst so
fondly imagines, the EU stands for
the imposition of inflexible economic
policies ruining vulnerable member
states such as Greece and the
extinction of the freedom to express
national identity and culture through
democratically elected institutions.
Thus abandoned by the entire
political mainstream, the peoples of
Europe have started voting in droves
for populist, nationalist and truly
neo-fascist parties.
In Austria the far-right Freedom
Party, founded in the Fifties by
former Nazis, has joined a governing
coalition with the centre-right
Austrian People?s Party. The
Freedom Party leader and now
vice-chancellor Heinz-Christian
Strache has dismissed his youthful
dalliance with neo-Nazism as
occurring when he was ?stupid,
naive and young?.
The Freedom Party first joined the
Austrian government in 2000. On
that occasion, the EU imposed
diplomatic sanctions and demanded
evidence that human rights would be
protected. This was because it was
supposed to be the guarantor that
fascism would never again rise in
Europe. Yet now the Freedom Party
is back governing Austria and the
EU is silent. The fact is that, far from
proving the bulwark against
extremism, it is facilitating its rise
with neo-fascist parties gaining
Independence of spirit
is what the British
people are all about
ground along with legitimate
nationalist ones.
EU supporters assume that the
erosion of national boundaries
and an ideology of enforced
multiculturalism will create the
brotherhood of man. They don?t.
They create instead resentment,
rage and extremism.
Freedom and flexibility belong not
to Europe but to Britain. Resolute
independence of spirit and the
determination to resist foreign
domination are what the people of
Britain are really all about.
People voted for Brexit principally
to restore, uphold and defend that
culture and the independent
democratic institutions that created
it. To Remainers for whom that idea
is as dead and rotten as Damien
Hirst?s formaldehyde shark,
however, those who voted to leave
the EU will remain forever foreign.
Ann Treneman Notebook
MPs need to
swap their
bubble for
life in Brum
I
dropped back in to the Gothic
Fun Palace that is Westminster
the other day to meet Ayesha
Hazarika, the stand-up comic
who used to be Harriet Harman?s
special adviser. She and her co-writer
Tom Hamilton wanted to talk to me
about PMQs for their upcoming
book, Punch and Judy Politics. It was
the strangest feeling being back
where I worked for 12 years and,
within minutes, I remembered the
magic of this place.
So there we were, sitting under the
fabulous 12 weeping fig trees in leaky
Portcullis House, next to the
crumbling and sewage-plagued
Palace. I felt immediately at home,
knew almost everyone who walked
by. It?s hard to explain the sense of
deep-seated specialness you get
from working in a place like this,
with its funny twisty staircases,
Alice in Wonderland doors,
turrets and gargoyles, historic
resonances and whispering galleries.
It needs serious building work,
though, and MPs must decide if they
are going to leave or try to stay while
it?s taking place.The cheapest option
(a snip at �5 billion) is to vacate for
six years.
When I worked there, as the
sketchwriter for The Times, I never
thought parliament should move but
now I realise that was all about me.
As an outsider, I now know that it
would be the best thing by a
country mile for MPs to get out of
their Bubble of Specialness and
into the actual country. It?s got to
be Brum.
Mind the gap
G
eorge Osborne
was obsessed
with the
Northern
Powerhouse (I think
of him every time I
get on my chuggy
little train at
Grindleford) but
I did laugh the
first time I
heard
someone
refer to the ?Midlands
Engine?. (Where, I dread
to think, is the caboose?)
The Midlands is surely
the wallflower of the UK. Almost
every other area of the country has a
claim to fame, a ?fun fact?, as my
daughter who works in museums
would say. The north can claim
gritty glamour, Scotland has men in
kilts and the south is littered with
marvels such as the Jurassic Coast
and Stonehenge.
The Midlands has, well,
Brum (MPs, try not to
stampede as you head
there). In an imageobsessed world, it has
no image. Its brand
is no brand.
S
Seriously,
ask
anyone what the
Midlands is famous
for and listen to the
void. Perhaps that
w all change now
will
that Coventry has
been named the
U city of culture
UK
fo 2021. They?ve got
for
a good theatre, the
B
Belgrade,
there already.
P
Perhaps
soon being sent
t Coventry will be a good
to
thing.
Ho ho humbug
I?
m heading to
my third A
Christmas Carol
this week and
Dickens has a lot
to
to answer for. Bah humbug, I
say, and never more so than
when faced with a Christmas cracker.
I?ve more or less given up on them at
home, with their jokes that even I
think are terrible.
I actually didn?t think they could
get worse but then, at our own office
Christmas lunch last week, my
cracker contained not only a joke but
a ?conversation starter?. Here was
mine: ?Name one goal you would
like to accomplish in your lifetime.?
Well, how long have you got?
Revolution is coming
W
e are in the last few days of
the pre-Hamilton era and so
enjoy it while you can. The
blockbuster American musical has its
press night this Thursday at the
reborn Victoria Palace and, after
that, don?t even try to have a
conversation (especially one about
life goals) without referring to the
man on the $10 bill.
The musical may be mega but I
pity it for being trapped in the
hellhole that is the Victoria station
renovation. It?s as if the Devil has got
hold of the plans and is having way
too much fun. They?ve been ripping
up this station since 2009. The
American Revolution only lasted
seven years. Thank God it didn?t
involve an escalator upgrade or it
would have been much longer.
@anntreneman
Welby was wrong to
leave a stain on
Bishop Bell?s memory
Andrew Chandler
O
n Friday the Church of
England released an
independent review into
how it handled an
allegation of child sex
abuse made against a bishop who
died in 1958. This was no ordinary
bishop. In the eyes of the historian
Ian Kershaw, George Bell, the
?impressive and extraordinary?
bishop of Chichester between 1929
and 1958, was ?possibly the most
distinctive English clergyman of the
20th century?.
The review, though intricate, was
also damning. Its author, Lord
Carlile of Berriew, found that the
investigation of the allegation made
against Bell had been ?inappropriate
and impermissable? and resulted in a
financial settlement which was
?indefensibly wrong?.
The Archbishop of Canterbury,
Justin Welby, acknowledged the
catalogue of great deeds that defined
Bell?s public career but insisted that
?a significant cloud? still hung over
him. This he reinforced blandly but
The archbishop has
entered dubious, if not
discreditable, territory
purposefully by adding: ?No human
being is entirely good or bad. Bishop
Bell was in many ways a hero. He is
also accused of great wickedness.?
Everyone has the right to think for
themselves and one should not deny
such a right to the archbishop. But it
is clear that on this occasion he has
entered dubious, if not discreditable,
territory. Welby and the other bishops
who commented on this case have
not spoken as individuals but have
invested the authority of their office
in a shocking opinion. For them an
allegation is something that takes on
a life of its own and which can even
be commended and perpetuated,
regardless of due process and the
presumption of innocence on which
society depends.
In this matter at least, the church is
an institution in the grip of a rigid
?safeguarding? agenda which has
acquired an almost ideological force.
Into this context the figure of Bishop
Bell has tumbled. How many others,
living and dead, might be added?
Should the archbishop now
possess the right and the moral
authority to judge, let alone
exonerate, when his eyes are more
firmly fixed on the corporate
constructions of the organisation
over which he presides?
Justin Welby faces a crucial test in
this matter. It is a test of his integrity
as Archbishop of Canterbury. The
cloud that hangs in the air today is
not to be found over Bishop Bell, but
over Lambeth Palace.
Andrew Chandler is the biographer of
George Bell and is professor of modern
history at the University of Chichester
the times | Tuesday December 19 2017
31
1G M
Comment
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Tech giants hold our democracy in contempt
While Russian trolls try to manipulate western elections, Twitter and Facebook tell us as little as they can get away with
Hugo
Rifkind
@hugorifkind
L
ast week Twitter and
Facebook finally came clean
about attempts made by
Russia to use their platforms
to covertly influence British
voters around the time of the Brexit
referendum. Basically, they said,
there were none. Or almost none.
Twitter identified $1,031.99 spent to
promote content via the tweets of
RT.com, the Russian state
broadcaster. Facebook found that an
even more laughable ?less than $1?
was spent to circulate a handful of
advertisements.
?Where is the screaming
conspiracy theory about Russia and
the EU referendum, now we know
they spent less than �on Facebook??
demanded Nigel Farage, enjoying a
rare moment of glee in whatever
forlorn Brexit-memorabilia-strewn
mancave he now lives. Whereas
those who share my views were
somewhat discombobulated.
Actually, ?discombobulated?
doesn?t quite cut it. A better
description might be ?utterly
disbelieving?. For one thing, Russia
has a long history of seeking to
destabilise the political discourse of
rival nations, online and off. For
another, the Internet Research
Agency in St Petersburg has a budget
of millions, employing hundreds of
staff. Foreign trolling is what they do.
Except this time, apparently, they
didn?t. How cross their bosses must
have been, eh? Was anybody sacked?
Third, this would seem to fly in the
face of various academic reports that
were confident they had found
Russian-linked accounts on Twitter
weighing into our politics fairly
regularly. Fourth, it is known that
the Internet Research Agency
meddled in the last US election. This
is not conspiracy theory. In
September Facebook handed over
thousands of Russian-funded
political adverts to Congress, which
made lots of them public. On the
congressional select committee on
intelligence website you can see
them for yourself.
For things fifth, sixth and, oh my
God, I?m losing count, consider the
30,000 propaganda accounts
squashed by Facebook in the run-up
to the French elections (not
necessarily Russian but somebody?s)
or the similar number they axed in
Germany. In other words, they
definitely did it in America, probably
did in France and Germany, but they
didn?t bother here? Should we be
offended?
Look. The tech giants are not
really coming clean. Instead they are
responding very specifically to very
specific questions. Damian Collins,
the chairman of the Commons
culture, media and sport committee,
is holding an inquiry into fake news.
He has asked Facebook and Twitter
for information. Last week, he called
Twitter?s response ?completely
inadequate? and had similar things to
say about Facebook?s. Yet neither
It is regrettable that
all this has become
a partisan business
were responding to him at all.
Rather, they were responding to the
Electoral Commission, which had
explicitly asked for information
about paid advertisements. So that
was the only information they gave.
Why only paid advertisements?
Simple. The Electoral Commission is
primarily a financial watchdog. The
wrong people paying for political
adverts is definitely within its remit.
More generalised trolling and fakery,
wherever it comes from, is not.
Whose responsibility is it? The
depressing answer is almost
nobody?s. Or, nobody the tech
companies need to care much about.
Even the responses to the
Electoral Commission are frankly
half-cocked (not a technical term),
with Facebook refusing to clarify
whether they?re even based on new
research, or just on a cursory
repackaging of that already done in
the US. The Electoral Commission is
at least a regulator with teeth, with
powers akin to those of the police.
Parliament is more limited. Aside
from legislation, it wields threats
more reputational than legal. The
last time it fined anybody was 1666.
So, somewhere in Silicon Valley a
couple of rooms full of lawyers have
probably weighed up the costs and
benefits of complying with the
demands of a handful of backbench
legislators in a country 5,000 miles
away, who couldn?t really do
anything about it anyway. And they
have thought to themselves, ?Nah?.
Notably, they came to a different
conclusion in the US.
It is fairly obvious what these
companies ought to do. For starters,
they should release to Mr Collins?s
inquiry every interaction concerning
British politics that can be traced
back to known Russian troll farms.
Yes, that could be a big job but I hear
that Mark Zuckerberg fellow is
decent with data, so if they?re feeling
daunted they could maybe ask him.
Perhaps there wouldn?t even be that
many, and we could all breath a sigh
of relief. Only, they won?t do this, will
they? They will feel they don?t really
need to and they will be right.
It is regrettable that all this has
become a partisan business. The likes
of Mr Farage are swift to conflate
any talk of targeted foreign trolling
with ?Russia caused Brexit?, which is
a suggestion that 17.4 million Leave
voters would doubtless find both
ludicrous and offensive, and they?d
be right to, which is why I don?t
make it. They should instead care
more about where all of that fury
comes from.
Yesterday, this paper reported on
Kremlin-backed accounts posting
British-targeted Islamophobic
messages ?designed to amplify the
public harms of terrorist attacks?.
This should not be regarded as a
partisan issue. It should also not be
one that falls through the cracks of
every watchdog we have, with the
companies that offer it a platform
being held no more accountable than
they happen to fancy.
Behind the conspiracy theories and
paranoia about Brexit, you will find
the unmistakable story of parliament
being held in disdain. Our political
class needs to stop rolling their eyes
and start paying attention. If the facts
don?t move them to care, maybe the
humiliation will.
32
Tuesday December 19 2017 | the times
1G M
Letters to the Editor should be sent to
letters@thetimes.co.uk or by post to
1 London Bridge Street, London SE1 9GF
Letters to the Editor
Overhaul of disclosure in our justice system
Military push on
Hodeidah, Yemen
Sir, Richard Spencer?s piece on Yemen
(?Saudi-led forces target Yemen?s food
supply route?, News, Dec 13)
highlights the dangers of a Saudi
military escalation. An assault on
Hodeidah port will result in massive
loss of civilian life both directly and
indirectly. Even temporary loss of
essential port and road infrastructure
will further disrupt food, fuel and
medicine supplies to a highly
vulnerable population where one in
four now faces famine.
This ever-escalating horror needs to
stop, and another Aleppo be avoided.
The UK government has long argued
that its relationship with Saudi Arabia
gives it leverage. It acknowledges that
the war is unwinnable, and must now
take the initiative to ensure no further
use of British weapons in this conflict
? by suspending licences on arms,
military training and advice ? until
fully satisfied there will be no
contravention of international law.
The threat of complicity in abuses
against civilians hangs over the
government, as it is already painfully
aware. This exposure is massively
magnified if ground conflict extends
to major population centres and if the
infrastructure vital for feeding
millions is destroyed.
frances guy, former British
ambassador to Yemen; capt philip
holihead, former defence attach�
and regional head of counter-piracy;
james firebrace, co-ordinator,
Yemen Safe Passage Group
Surname spellings
Sir, I was interested to read that
people are more likely to spell Daniel
Finkelstein?s surname correctly than
his first name because it is such ?a
mouthful? (Notebook, Dec 16). I do
not share this experience.
frances luczyc-wyhowska
London SW11
Corrections and
clarifications
6 We wrongly reported (News,
Dec 11) that lawyers representing
survivors of the Grenfell Tower fire
and bereaved relatives had written to
the prime minister ?asking for
members of the local community to
sit alongside the senior judge
conducting the inquiry?. In fact the
petition presented to Downing Street
seeks an independent panel ?with
relevant background, expertise,
experience, and a real understanding
of the issues facing those affected?.
For reasons of impartiality, it is not
proposed that members should be
from the local community. We
apologise for the error.
The Times takes complaints about
editorial content seriously. We are
committed to abiding by the
Independent Press Standards
Organisation (?IPSO?) rules and
regulations and the Editors? Code of
Practice that IPSO enforces.
Requests for corrections or
clarifications should be sent by email to
feedback@thetimes.co.uk or by post to
Feedback, The Times, 1 London Bridge
Street, London SE1 9GF
Sir, Regrettably, we are not surprised
by the revelations in Liam Allan?s
case: the disclosure system needs an
overhaul to take account of the
electronic communications in the past
two decades (Comment and letters,
Dec 18; letters and news, Dec 16.)
We would suggest that all
electronic communications from the
complainant and accused should be
made available to the Crown
Prosecution Service and the defence
? decisions about disclosure should
be for lawyers not police officers.
We believe there is a pressing need
for change to avoid miscarriages, or
we have to be prepared to accept the
collateral damage that flows from
miscarriages of justice and the
damage to the international
reputation of our justice system.
Such changes should not dissuade
the genuine complainant from
coming forward.
ian kelcey; richard atkinson
Joint chairmen of the Law Society
criminal law committee
disclosure in the big data era. The
Liam Allan case thrown out of court
last week should never have got so far
but must be seen in the context of a
workload that makes catastrophic
failure possible.
In 2003-04, the year after I joined
the service, there were 140,500 police
officers in England and Wales. They
investigated 13,272 reported offences
of rape. This year the equivalent
numbers were just 123,500 officers
and 41,150 reported rapes.
Greater additional pressure has
come from the explosion in the
amount of data to be reviewed for
evidence and disclosure. In 2004 the
average mobile phone could hold ten
text messages, no images, and about
100 contacts. The device on which I
write this letter has capacity to store
thousands of messages, images and
videos. Multiply this volume of data
across 28,000 additional rapes, and
the conclusion is clear.
christopher balmer
Newmarket, Suffolk
Sir, It is wrong to dismiss the impact
of reduced resources on the ability of
the police to meet the needs of
Sir, The failure of the police to
investigate the female accuser?s phone
records, in which she states that the
Parliament revamp Fishermen?s plastic
Sir, Richard Morrison says the
Houses of Parliament should be
handed over to the private sector
instead of refurbished as a parliament
for the 21st century (Times2, Dec 15).
He cites Somerset House and the
Royal Naval College in Greenwich as
examples of where this has been
achieved. I was lucky enough to lead
both of these projects in their
formative years, and neither was
achieved by handing these fine public
places over to the private sector.
The ?conservation deficit?, which
puts off buyers with even the deepest
pockets when it comes to historic
buildings, was met from the public
purse and the national lottery.
The Houses of Parliament are the
symbol of parliamentary democracy
throughout the world. Retaining this
use, together with allowing the public
in more comprehensively and looking
after them properly, must surely be
the primary objective. It can?t be
achieved by selling them.
duncan wilson
Chief executive, Historic England
on this day december 19, 1917
PROVISION
QUEUES
ABUSED
One of the dangers of the food
queues is that they are being used by
a certain type of agitator to draw
exaggerated comparisons between
the position of the working classes
and that of people with plenty of
money. ?There are no queues for the
well-to-do. A deposit account at the
stores will secure all the food you
want? is the argument, and as there
are no queues outside the stores the
contention at first sight seems well
Sir, Here in the Western Isles our
beaches testify to the amount of
debris that washes ashore (?Campaign
to cut plastic in seas backed by 200
countries?, News, Dec 14; letter,
Dec 18). Yet 80 per cent of the litter is
the plastic strapping, fish crates and
polypropylene netting used in the UK
fishing industry.
An organisation called Fishing For
Litter is operating a project in
Scotland and the West Country to
encourage fishermen to clean up
debris in their nets etc and to return it
to port where it is dealt with
responsibly. Surely it is time to extend
this idea across all ports?
There is no point in bemoaning
plastic containers in the Yangtze when
we should be first clearing our own
shores. (I am still sad about the seal I
found wrapped in twine last week.)
honor leveson gower, aged 17
North Uist
Sir, If BW Rogers (?Plastic-free zones?,
letter, Dec 18) can point me to where
people are throwing away Bank of
founded. Without compulsory
rationing complete equality of
distribution cannot be obtained, but
inquiries show that people who buy
their provisions through the stores
are not obtaining an undue share of
the available tea, butter, margarine,
and sugar. At the same time it is
undoubted that the queues are being
abused by people who ought not to
use them. This is particularly true in
the City. Business men, whose wives
are finding difficulty in getting their
orders fulfilled in the suburbs, are
sending out office boys to buy tea
and butter in the City. These boys
swell the queues and probably
prevent poor people from getting
supplies. Queues are worse in the
poorer districts owing to the small
quantities sold to each customer. It is
impossible to obtain a sufficient
quantity of any article for a week?s
consumption on one visit, so women
have to stand in a queue every two
or three days. The fact that there are
no queues outside the large stores is
in part explained by the size of the
department where provisions are
sold. There are no street queues, but
sex they enjoyed was consensual and
enjoyable, is of course hugely
worrying. However, I am deeply
troubled by the failure of the girl?s
friends in the months leading up to
the trial to come forward with what
they knew and provide this
information to the police in support
of the accused.
The conspiracy of silence on their
part is no less a scandal than the
failures of the police.
simon russell
Hove, E Sussex
Sir, I am appalled to note the
suffering of Liam Allan, on bail for
two years and in the dock for three
days, accused falsely of multiple rape
and sexual abuse.
What must frighten us is the
thought that there are likely to be
other innocent men behind bars who
have been less ?lucky? than the young
Mr Allan. In his case, what the
complainant has done to her former
boyfriend is the cruellest of crimes.
The pendulum against men has
swung far too far.
amanda noyce
Bath
England plastic bank notes so that
they pose a risk to marine life, I would
be much obliged.
stephen dawson
Bury St Edmunds
Underwater cables
Sir, Cutting underwater cables as ?an
act of war? is by no means new
(?Down to the wire?, leading article,
Dec 16). The Americans destroyed the
cable house at Cienfuegos on the
southern coast of Cuba during the
Spanish-American War in 1898,
thereby cutting Cuba off from other
Caribbean islands and hence the
outside world. (The cables on the
north coast led directly from Havana
to Key West and hence were
controlled anyway by US forces).
It is interesting to note the plans
declared for the Brics countries
(Brazil, Russia, India and China plus
South Africa) to create a set of
submarine cables that will be
independent of those managed
by the West.
professor tim connell
Gresham College, London EC1
it is common to see customers
standing three and four deep at the
counters. ?All our members are
treated alike? was the statement
made at the Army and Navy Stores.
A round of some of the food
queues in the London district
yesterday showed that, in spite of the
cold, the waiting people were quite
cheerful. They stamped their feet to
warm themselves, and chatted with
arrivals who looked with dismay at
the length of the queues. The
hardest cases were elderly men and
women who could not face the cold,
and married women in search of a
little margarine for their children.
Notices were posted yesterday in all
the bars and dining rooms of the
House of Commons that no milk can
now be served as a beverage, and
that members who order tea, coffee,
or cocoa are to be asked whether
they require milk.
sign up for a weekly email
with extracts from
the times history of the war
ww1.thetimes.co.uk
Dickensian misers
Sir, Ben Macintyre omits one likely
candidate from his list of misers
thought to have inspired Charles
Dickens?s character, Ebenezer
Scrooge (Comment, Dec 16).
John Camden Neild (1780-1852) was
a lawyer and property magnate
educated at Eton and Cambridge. But
his huge house in Cheyne Walk,
Chelsea, would be illuminated by a
solitary candle that he carried with
him from room to room, and he wore
clothes until they fell to pieces.
A well-known figure in Dickensian
London, he became famous upon his
death by leaving his �0,000 fortune
to Queen Victoria. She used his
legacy to give pensions to his few
servants (to whom he?d left nothing)
and paid for a memorial window in
the church at North Marston,
Buckinghamshire, where Neild
was buried.
The remainder of this huge amount
has since been recognised by many
royal historians as the source of the
private wealth that transformed the
penniless Hanoverians into the
Windsor plutocrats of today.
dr christopher goulding
Newcastle upon Tyne
Grenfell review
Sir, Dame Judith Hackitt?s review of
building safety arrangements relevant
to the Grenfell Tower fire seems likely
to be critical of the current regulatory
system (?High-rise regulations not fit
for purpose, says Grenfell review?,
News, Dec 18).
This echoes that part of Lord
Cullen?s review of the Piper Alpha
oilrig fire of 1988 in which he
criticised the relevant regulatory
system at that time. His criticisms and
related lessons triggered examination
of the systems in other regulatory
bodies and caused them to be brought
up to the highest standards certifiable
by the International Organization for
Standardization (ISO).
It is literally a crying shame
that corporate memories are so
short as to need yet another
disaster to remind us of these still
essential lessons.
dr allan duncan
(Former chief inspector
HM Inspectorate of Pollution)
Biblical elegance
Sir, The King James Bible may have
been a poshed-up Tyndale version put
together by a committee of
translators, as the Rev Peter Ridley
suggests (letter, Dec 15). That
committee was overseen, however, by
a literary giant, Lancelot Andrewes,
Bishop of Winchester. Such was the
merit of Andrewes?s Christmas
sermon that TS Eliot saw fit to borrow
from it for his Journey of the Magi.
As thousands of us listen to the
lessons in Christmas services this
coming week, it is the elegant work of
Bishop Andrewes and his team that
will captivate us and not anybody
else?s dull versions before or since.
bruce parker
Appleshaw, Hants
Holy pause
Sir, Further to the letters on the
virtue of the pause (Dec 15 and 18),
during this week many of us may be
inclined to wonder whether the most
decisive and powerful pause of all was
not the unknowable one between
Gabriel?s salutation and Mary?s
affirmative response (Luke i, 38).
nicholas marston
Cambridge
the times | Tuesday December 19 2017
33
2GM
Leading articles
Daily Universal Register
UK: Theresa May holds a cabinet meeting,
the last before the Christmas recess and
following the Brexit sub-committee meeting.
Nature notes
One flower that is
still hanging on in
some places is
ivy-leaved toadflax.
It grows on damp
walls, and as its
name indicates, its
leaves are like little ivy leaves. The miniature
flower reminds you of Mickey Mouse, with
a yellow face, large purple ears and a purple
frill round the neck. This comic apparition
looks at you from the wall. Another flower
that lingers is lesser periwinkle, which can
be found here and there sprawling on
grassy roadside banks. The flower has five
flat-topped, deep purple lobes. A few trees
still have leaves on them, of which the
birches are the prettiest. Some of these have
little yellow leaves at the top. When they
flutter in the breeze and the sunlight catches
them, they seem to be twinkling. Other
bright-looking trees are the waterside
sallows, which have fat yellow buds. Inside
these are the silvery catkins that will break
out in February. derwent may
Birthdays today
Daisy Goodwin, pictured,
TV producer, Victoria
(2016-17), and novelist, 56;
Jennifer Beals, actress,
Flashdance (1983), 54;
Gary Cahill, footballer,
Chelsea captain and
England vice-captain, 32;
Rosemary Conley, writer and dietician, The
Hip & Thigh Diet (1988), 71; B閍trice Dalle,
actress, Betty Blue (1986), 53; Steve Double,
Conservative MP for St Austell and
Newquay, 51; Tim Eggar, Conservative MP
(1979-97) and energy and industry minister
(1994-96), chairman, Cape plc (2011-Sept
2017), 66; Angela Flowers, gallery owner, 85;
Jake Gyllenhaal, actor, Stronger (2017), 37;
Richard Hammond, presenter, Top Gear
(2002-15), The Grand Tour, 48; Anna
Hemmings, canoeist, six-time canoe
marathon world champion, 41; Richard
Hounslow, slalom canoeist, two-time
Olympic silver medallist (2012, 2016), 36;
Richard Leakey, palaeoanthropologist and
conservationist, head of the Kenya Wildlife
Service (1989-94, 1998-99), 73; Limahl,
singer, The NeverEnding Story (1984), 59;
Syd Little, comedian, 75; Kathryn
McDowell, managing director, London
Symphony Orchestra, 58; Sean O?Brien,
writer, The Beautiful Librarians (2015), 65;
Tim Parks, author, In Extremis (2017), 63;
Pratibha Patil, the first woman to serve as
president of India (2007-12), 83; Karen
Pickering, swimmer, four-time world
champion (1993, 1999, 2000-01), 46; Ricky
Ponting, cricketer, Australia captain (200411), 43; Marquess of Queensberry, ceramics
designer, 88; Sir Peter Roth, High Court
judge, president, UK Competition Appeal
Tribunal, 65; Lord (David) Rowe-Beddoe,
chairman, Cardiff Airport (2013-15), Wales
Millennium Centre (2001-10), 80; Prof
Christopher Smout, Historiographer Royal
in Scotland, 84; Paula Sussex, chief
executive, Charity Commission (2014-July
2017), 53; Alberto Tomba, alpine skier, threetime Olympic gold medallist (1988, 1992), 51.
On this day
In 1783 William Pitt the Younger became
the youngest British prime minister at the
age of 24.
The last word
?In a hierarchy every employee tends to rise to
his level of incompetence.? Laurence J Peter,
writer, The Peter Principle (1969).
Law and Disorder
The Greater Manchester police force faces serious allegations about its connections
to gangsters. The integrity of law means an independent inquiry is essential
The rivalry between gangs is the subject of myth
and misplaced glamour. The sordid reality was
exhibited in 2015 when Paul Massey, a central
figure in Salford?s network of racketeering,
extortion and drugs, was shot five times with a
sub-machinegun on the driveway of his home.
That unleashed a torrent of reprisals and may
have exposed worrying police complicity.
An investigation by The Times has revealed that
after five years and expenditure of �5 million,
Operation Holly, an inquiry by Greater Manchester
police (GMP) into allegations of money laundering,
fraud and tax offences against 21st Security, a company for which Massey was a consultant, has been
abandoned. During Operation Holly, allegations
emerged that Manchester police officers had
taken bribes from associates of Massey.
If a link can be proven between the Massey
entourage and the police, this casts lack of
progress in the various gangland crimes in a
new light. There is no doubt that even a force
with unimpeachable intentions can find these
cases intractable. The code of silence is notorious
between rival gangs and police have struggled
to get anyone to talk, even when the gangsters
stooped so low as to shoot a seven-year-old
boy and his mother on their doorstep.
All this is bad enough and yet sadly the norm.
The more shocking aspect of the case may be the
conduct of the police. The Times has discovered
that the failure of GMP to investigate corruption
allegations was a factor in the decision by prosecutors not to bring charges against alleged associates
of Massey. The police believed they had unearthed
significant evidence of fraudulent trading and
other financial crimes but were told by the Crown
Prosecution Service that there was no viable hope
of convictions in part because allegations of corruption, which would undermine the prosecution
case, had not been properly investigated.
This raises a series of troubling questions about
the integrity of policing in Manchester. It would
appear that the police did not want the allegations
of corruption aired. It is important to discover
why not. It has also emerged that warrants and
production orders of Operation Holly had to be
applied for at Preston crown court for the extraordinary reason that the police were frightened
that Massey?s friends had infiltrated the court
system in Manchester.
Greater Manchester police have lurched from
one mess to another. A senior officer had to be
shuffled into other responsibilities after a drunken
rant about a colleague?s ?boob job? and the
assistant chief constable, Steve Heywood, is being
investigated over a shooting inquiry. This current
case is, if anything, more serious than the shooting
of a citizen. It raises the important procedural
question of whether the police should be
permitted to conduct investigations into their
own conduct. Operation Holly was carried out by
Titan, the northwest regional organised crime
unit. The time has come for a thoroughly external
and independent body.
This is something on which Andy Burnham,
mayor of Manchester, should move immediately.
Mr Burnham took over responsibility for policing
from the police and crime commissioner when he
was elected this year. The mayor should use his office
to seek an independent inquiry and should begin
an internal inquiry with the resources available to
him. Massey once stood unsuccessfully as a mayoral
candidate in Salford. The political power he once
sought should be used against his associates.
There is no more fundamental question for the
state than the preservation of order and national
security. When there are suggestions that
authority in law enforcement has been abused,
there is more than the integrity of the Manchester
police at stake. This is now about the integrity of
law and order itself.
Jupiter Ascendant
The French leader shows that the centre left can govern if it befriends business
Emmanuel Macron famously declared that the
French president had to take on the qualities of
Jupiter, the ancient Roman supreme god. Since his
election, however, the president?s shoes have been
obliged to touch earth, even if only occasionally.
By the summer his popularity had plunged to
40 per cent. Critics talked of hubris.
And yet step by step, Mr Macron is showing
himself to be a worldly and shrewd politician,
moving ahead with his election pledges to
modernise and streamline the country, to shake it
out of its torpor. The latest initiative is a promise
kept: a ?10 billion plan to boost industry and
innovation funded by a privatisation programme
that will put gas, lottery and airports on the block.
As economy minister, Mr Macron oversaw the
2015 sell-off of Nice and Lyons airports and
demonstrated that he could politically free up
projects that had been caught in the pipeline for
years. The Loi Macron, the package of liberalising
supply-side reforms, laid a marker: France can
be governed by the centre left and still demand
sacrifices from the unions.
It takes more than a presidential victory and a
solid caucus in parliament to bring about change
in France. Both confidence and momentum are
required from Mr Macron. The unions have yet to
be convinced of his labour reforms, which allow
employers to use their staff more effectively, and
will need to be satisfied that privatisation will
translate into job-creating investment. There has,
however, been a sea change in the labour
movement, which is beginning to understand
that it has to adapt to globalisation if youth
unemployment rates of close to 22 per cent are
ever to drop. The opposition to Mr Macron is split,
with one union preferring to train its activists how
to apply reforms in the workplace rather than fight
the president on the barricades.
Mr Macron is right to reach out for a consensus
on the pragmatic left. If European societies are to
solve the 21st-century problems raised by artificial
intelligence and rapid technological advances,
there has to be an intelligent four-way discussion
between the state and private companies, between
employers and a shifting workforce. The president
may sometimes resort to Gallic opacity, swearing
commitment to competition ?at the highest level
of abstraction?, but his message is clear enough.
He understands that privatisation will win a
consensus only if it meets French demands for
high standards of public services. It was shrewd to
begin the privatisation push with non-strategic
sectors that touch ordinary lives.
Sadly Mr Macron?s initiative serves to highlight
the confusions of the British Labour Party under
current management. New Labour accepted
Margaret Thatcher?s privatisations. Voters also
accepted banks being taken into public ownership
by the government of Gordon Brown in response
to the global financial crisis. Voters realised that
the state involvement in the banking sector was
a temporary remedy. Jeremy Corbyn and his
shadow chancellor, John McDonnell, have turned
nationalisation into part of an ideological regression. Mr McDonnell roused the Labour conference
by declaring: ?Rail, water, energy, Royal Mail ?
we?re taking them back.? That rallying call was
about seizing control, creating powerful state
monopolies that can slot into a broader plan. If Mr
Macron is Jupiter, then Mr McDonnell is surely
the dark side of the moon.
Festive Waste
How The Times could help you to wrap up Christmas
If the latest series of Blue Planet has taught us
anything, it?s that packaging waste is not just for
Christmas, it?s for life. Christmas, though, is the
festive season for waste. From empty tins of cranberry sauce through sheet after sheet of wrapping
paper to discarded fir trees that have served their
seasonal purpose, Britain will produce five million
tonnes of rubbish by the time of Twelfth Night.
The images in Blue Planet II of plastic floating
through the ocean as if it belonged there naturally
were devastating. Yet that concern is not reflected
in action. England, which came 18th in a league
table published by the Eunomia consultancy last
week, has one of the worst recycling rates in the
developed world. Scotland was not much better in
fifteenth place, although the Welsh, to their credit,
came third, an example to the rest of the nation.
We have all received gifts where tearing open
the wrapping is a rather greater joy than the
present itself. But amid the excitement, everyone
needs to bear David Attenborough in mind. All of
this waste has to end up somewhere.
The best place for it is in the recycling bin and it
would be good if consumers were to take care to
buy products that were encased in material
that can be recycled. The best way to discover if
material can be recycled is the scrunch test. If you
scrunch the paper and it stays in a ball then it can
be recycled.
It would be better still to avoid excessive packing
altogether. Measured on the scale of English
towns, this country will discard enough wrapping
paper this Christmas to cover the whole of
Reading. A great deal of this is unnecessary and so,
as an early Christmas gift and as a service to
the cause of reducing waste, we suggest an even
more efficent option. Forgo made-for-purpose
wrapping paper altogether and just wrap your
presents in copies of The Times.
34
2G M
Tuesday December 19 2017 | the times
World
Mandela?s chosen man takes
South Africa
Aislinn Laing Soweto
In the mayhem that erupted after the
result was announced, the beaming
winner was buoyed on to the stage by
jubilant supporters as riot police and
party stewards tried to stop the crowd
rushing with him.
Cyril Ramaphosa?s long wait is nearly
over. After winning the ANC ballot by
the slimmest of margins ? 179 votes ?
South Africa?s deputy president is on
the cusp of securing the top job.
As he basked last night in the adulation of thousands in a sweltering conference hall in Soweto, his predecessor,
President Zuma, sat stony-faced.
The victory represents the fulfilment
of an almost three-decade long ambition to lead the movement fostered by
Nelson Mandela, who nominated Mr
Ramaphosa as his successor in 1999 but
was overruled by the party, which
picked Thabo Mbeki.
It will be greeted with intense relief
by millions of South Africans who have
marched in protest against Mr Zuma?s
misrule and alleged corruption and
feared that a victory for his former wife,
Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, might
mean more of the same.
The vote was a long and acrimonious
process. Delegates who had travelled
from all over South Africa cast their
ballots after repeated delays caused by
disputes over who was entitled to vote.
Mr Ramaphosa, a former trade unionist and business tycoon who helped
to craft South Africa?s post-apartheid,
liberal constitution, has promised to
run an administration of
clean governance and to
revitalise the economy,
which has been repeatedly
downgraded by credit agencies under Mr Zuma, 75.
Mrs Dlamini-Zuma, 68, a
taciturn former minister
and doctor, had promised
to drive forward the radical
economic transformation
espoused by her husband that
d
includes potential white land
seizures and the indigenisation off
foreign-owned mines in an attempt
to raise millions of South Africans out
of poverty.
Mr Ramaphosa agreed that South
Africa?s economy needed a radical
transformation akin to the political
transformation since apartheid, but
vowed to achieve it by cutting state
waste, supporting entrepreneurs and
wooing more foreign investment.
The rand rose to a nine-month high
within an hour of the news of his victory.
Ben Payton, head of Africa research
with Verisk Maplecroft, the analytics
company, said that Mr Ramaphosa?s
rejection of his rival?s populist rhetoric
suggested that he was ?well-placed to
provide a period of ?do no harm? in managing the country?s economy.
?However, he will have to be cautious
not to alienate powerful factions of the
ANC, especially given that he won only
52 per cent of votes cast,? he said.
?Much of the party remains suspicious
of big business and favours sweeping
measures to redistribute wealth.?
Mr Ramaphosa?s victory also bolsters
the ANC?s chances of winning the 2019
elections since he is generally popular
among South Africans. He might be
able to stave off the increasing challenge from opposition parties including
the Democratic Alliance, which wrested control of Johannesburg and Pretoria from the ANC in last year?s local
elections amid public anger over reports of corruption in the government.
He must now decide if he should
attempt to oust Mr Zuma, who would
ordinarily remain as state president
until 2019. Mr Mbeki was forced out
less than a year after Mr Zuma beat him
to the ANC leadership in December
2007.
Mr Ramaphosa could face significant
opposition from at least three of those
elected to the ANC?s top six positions
with him last night. David Mabuza, his
new deputy, was Mrs Dlamini-Zuma?s
choice of deputy. He is a staunch Zuma
supporter who has been implicated in
corruption and may resist attempts to
tackle it.
Ace Magashule, the new party secretary-general, is a former state governor
who is reported to be close to the influential Gupta businessmen brothers who
are accused of using
their proximity to Mr
Zuma and his family
to win state contracts.
Richard Calland,
a political comNelson
Mandela
picked Cyril
Ramaphosa
as his
successor
in 1999
but was
overruled
mentator, said that the new make-up of
the top six was a ?poisoned chalice? for
Mr Ramaphosa.
?This feels like a pyrrhic victory for
him. While he beat Dlamini-Zuma, her
faction won ? they now have two of
their three provincial barons in the
leadership with him,? he said.
?Potentially it will constrain him
enormously unless he can find a way to
liberate the prosecutorial authorities in
such a way that he can go after them for
corruption too. That then blows the
ANC apart and any hope of rebuilding
the deeply divided party would be out
of the window.?
As the results for the deputy president and secretary general race were
read out, jubilation among Mr Ramaphosa?s supporters turned to despondency. ?I have mixed feelings, my
emotions have been really up and
down,? Cooper Wendell, chairman of a
provincial ward said.
?I have been Cyril from the very start
but we want one seat of power. How can
he bring real change with these guys
beside him??
Some analysts said that the bitterness of the power struggle between Mr
Ramaphosa and Mrs Dlamini-Zuma
had increased the chances of the party
splitting before the 2019 election.
Enoch Godongwana, the ANC?s
economic policy head and Mr Ramaphosa?s political adviser, insisted things
were not as bleak as some might fear.
?Cyril is strong and he is now the
president of the organisation,? he said.
?In the final instance, the choice is his
to make.?
Prince Mashele, senior research fellow at the University of Pretoria, said
the top six was split down the middle,
with three politicians apiece drawn
from Mr Ramaphosa and Mrs DlaminiZuma?s camps.
?Terrible combination we have in the
top six, its a paralysed situation. This
top six will not make any ground breaking decisions,? Mr Mashele said.
In his last few hours as the party
president, Mr Zuma, an ANC fighter in
exile during apartheid and later an
intelligence chief, conducted a walkabout of a sculpture park in which some
of the ANC?s most iconic figures are
depicted, including Walter Sisulu, Oliver Tambo and Mandela.
He told journalists: ?I am very happy
I?m bowing out, I think I have made my
contribution. There is not enough you
can do. It?s been absolutely wonderful
working with you. Don?t worry about
other things because life is life.?
Analysis
C
yril Ramaphosa
has vowed to
turn South
Africa around,
creating a
hospitable environment
for investors spooked by
years of misrule and the
discontent of millions of
South Africans still mired
in poverty (Aislinn Laing
writes).
It won?t be easy. Elected
with him into the ANC?s
top leadership were a
number of Zuma loyalists
who could hamper his
plans to dismantle alleged
networks of corruption
within the establishment.
South Africa?s economy
has consistently
underperformed. The
World Bank?s growth
forecast for this year is
now 0.6 per cent, down
from 1.1 per cent in
January ? not enough to
restore positive per capita
growth after two years of
decline. In 2011, two years
after President Zuma
came to power, the rand
was trading at less than
seven to the US dollar,
but it is now close to 13.
The new ANC deputy
president, David Mabuza,
was his rival?s choice for
that post too. As the head
of Mpumalanga province
he has faced accusations
of political intimidation
and corruption and was
described yesterday as a
?liability? who would
hinder Mr Ramaphosa?s
attempts to bring reform.
Ace Magashule, the
former premier of the
Free State province, takes
the powerful portfolio of
secretary-general. He is
said to have close ties to
the Gupta brothers,
whose relationship with
Mr Zuma?s family came
to dog the presidency,
amid accusations of
influence peddling.
Mr Ramaphosa will
face a tall order unifying
the party behind him
given the tight race, the
opposing platforms of the
main candidates and the
nature of those emerging
with leadership roles.
Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma congratulates Cyril Ramaphosa after it was announced
Multimillionaire who
Profile
T
he new leader of the ANC
may have spent four years
as President Zuma?s deputy
but supporters hope that he
will make a break with the
cronyism of the present regime
(Aislinn Laing writes).
Cyril Ramaphosa has sharpened
his rhetoric against Mr Zuma in
recent months, calling for police to
detain those thought responsible for
corruption without waiting for the
results of a judicial inquiry that the
president has sought to block. Mr
Ramaphosa, 65, was born in Soweto,
the township west of Johannesburg,
and became involved with student
activism while studying law in the
1970s. As founder of the National
Union of Mine Workers, he became
one of the anti-apartheid
movement?s most prominent
?internals?, agitating for change
within the system while Nelson
Mandela and others were in prison.
When Mandela was released from
prison in 1990 he was among the
members of the reception
committee waiting to meet him and
was by his side when he made his
the times | Tuesday December 19 2017
35
2G M
US train crashes
on to motorway
Page 37
control of ANC
CORNELL TUKIRI/EPA; THEMBA HADEBE/AP; ROGAN WARD/REUTERS
Macron challenges
another taboo with
mass privatisations
France
Charles Bremner Paris
President Macron is poised to sell
?10 billion of state holdings in airports,
the national lottery and the Engie
energy group in the biggest wave of
privatisations in France for more than a
decade, it emerged yesterday.
The sell-off, planned for the spring, is
meeting limited resistance from the
political left and far right. The income
will finance a campaign promise to
create a ?10 billion fund for high-tech
innovation aimed at making France the
?digital champion? of Europe.
Paris A閞oport, the group that runs
Charles de Gaulle, Orly and Le Bourget
airports, could provide the biggest
windfall because the state holds
50.6 per cent of the company which is
valued at ?25 billion. The government
wants to retain ownership of the land.
This will require a new structure in
which the state will retain a minority
holding, said Les 蒫hos, the business
newspaper that leaked the plans.
Mr Macron, who wants the EU to
protect its interests against foreign
takeovers, is also working on a way of
ensuring that the airports will not fall
into the hands of the Chinese or Middle
Eastern investment funds.
Mr Macron?s team is confident that it
can override opposition after its success
in imposing taboo-breaking labour
reforms this autumn. ?All the touchy
subjects which were supposed to explode in our faces have been passed
without any problem,? a close adviser to
the president said in Le Monde yesterday. ?One could say that we?re pretty
good.? The remark triggered a backlash
on social media, where Mr Macron is
widely depicted as arrogant.
Morale in the 蒷ys閑 Palace has been
boosted by a 6 point jump in Mr Macron?s approval rating over the past
month to 52 per cent and by disarray in
the opposition, both left and right.
The sell-offs have been attacked by
left-wing trade unions, Jean-Luc M�-
that he had beaten her. Her former husband, Jacob, doffed his cap to his successor while crowds outside cheered in delight
will seek to wipe out corruption
first public appearance on the
balcony of Cape Town city hall.
He beat Mr Zuma to become the
party?s secretary-general in 1991,
won global fame as one of the chief
negotiators in the ANC?s transition
to power, then helped to draft the
country?s first post-apartheid
constitution ? roles requiring
significant diplomatic skill.
Although he was Mandela?s choice
to succeed him, Mr Ramaphosa was
defeated to become party leader by
Thabo Mbeki in 1999. He went into
business instead, making the most of
the ANC?s new policies that helped
black people to buy into established
companies.
Mr Ramaphosa led a consortium
that bought parts of Sir Ernest
Oppenheimer?s Anglo American, a
mining company. He held stakes in
McDonald?s and Coca-Cola and
became one of the richest men on
the continent, estimated by Forbes
to have a net worth of $450 million
in 2015. He returned to frontline
politics in 2012 and was picked by
Mr Zuma as his deputy in 2014.
Friends describe him as fiercely
bright, worldly and lacking in the
tribalism and prejudice that has
come to the fore in Mr Zuma?s camp.
His popularity was badly shaken
in 2012 when 34 striking mine
workers were killed by police at the
Marikana platinum mine, operated
by London-listed Lonmin, where he
was a non-executive director. He
had accused the strikers of
?dastardly criminal? behaviour and
urged police to crack down on them.
A married father of four, he also
narrowly survived a sex scandal that
emerged after he challenged Mr
Zuma. He initially denied claims of
multiple younger girlfriends but
later admitted one affair.
Burma carried on
burning villages after
signing Rohingya deal
Page 39
lenchon, the hard-left leader, and by the
National Front. All accuse Mr Macron
of squandering France?s ?family jewels?
for the benefit of his financier friends.
The sharpest criticism has been
aimed at the plan to reduce the state?s
holding in Fran鏰ise des Jeux, the
monopoly that runs lotteries and online betting, from 72 per cent to about
25 per cent. Selling off the company,
which employs 50,000 people and was
partially privatised by President Sarkozy in 2008, would lead to chaos, critics
said. ?It?s economic nonsense compounded by financial absurdity,? said
the National Front. ?Above all, it will
deprive the state of its ability to impose
regulation to prevent addiction.?
The government is refusing a takeover by existing gaming groups and is
aiming to create a regulating mechanism that perpetuates the monopoly
under private ownership.
Dropping the state?s holding in Engie,
the former Gaz de France-Suez, faces
less opposition because the state holds
only 24 per cent of the capital, worth
?8.5 billion. Mr Macron?s government
raised ?1.5 billion by selling a 4.5 per
cent stake in Engie in September.
蒬ouard Philippe, the prime minister, defended the plan to reduce the
estimated ?100 billion worth of state
holdings in nearly 1,800 companies.
?Spending money on financing innovation is better than being imprisoned in
certain companies that are not strategic for the French state,? he said.
Selling off state assets was long taboo
in a nation that gained post-war prosperity after mass nationalisations of
companies such as Renault. In 1982
President Mitterrand nationalised all
banks and big industrial companies.
Successive presidents reversed course
from 1986 and have topped up the treasury by selling state assets ever since.
The last big wave took place under
President Chirac in 2005 and included
EDF, now the world?s biggest electricity
company, and Gaz de France.
Leading article, page 33
Belgium names woman
as envoy for Saudi Arabia
Belgium
Bruno Waterfield Brussels
Belgium is to become the first nation to
send a female ambassador to Saudi
Arabia, an appointment that sends the
Islamic country a clear message about
women?s rights.
Dominique Mineur, at present the
ambassador to the United Arab Emirates, will move to Riyadh next summer.
?It is a clear signal,? a foreign ministry
source told De Tijd newspaper.
Women have fewer freedoms in
Saudi Arabia than any other country.
They must cover their skin and are not
allowed to marry, divorce, travel, open a
bank account, take a job or have medical treatment without permission from
a male ?guardian?, who is usually their
father or husband. Mohammed bin
Salman, 32, the heir to the throne, is lifting the ban on women driving from
June, around the time that Ms Mineur
arrives in the kingdom. The law on
driving will be equal for both sexes and
the Saudi authorities have dropped
plans for special licence plate numbers
for cars driven by women.
About 1.3 million foreign drivers now
working as chauffeurs for women are
likely to have to leave Saudi Arabia.
Centres established and run by women
will deal with any female driver who
commits a traffic violation or is involved in an accident.
Next year Belgium will send V閞onique Petit, another senior female diplomat, to Tehran, the capital of Iran,
where women are required to sit at the
back on public transport and to wear
headscarves.
36
2G M
Tuesday December 19 2017 | the times
World
TIM AUER/CATERS NEWS
Billionaire
and wife were
strangled,
police admit
Canada
Ben Hoyle
Bear hug It was a sleepy start to the day for a polar bear and her cubs who were spotted huddling together for warmth as the sun rose in western Hudson Bay, Canada
Obama ?blocked Hezbollah drugs
inquiry to smooth deal with Iran?
United States
Boer Deng Washington
Hezbollah, the Iranian-backed militant
group, is raising $1bn a year smuggling
cocaine and weapons after transforming itself from a militant group into an
international crime syndicate, according to US officials.
The US Drug Enforcement Agency
(DEA) found evidence that Hezbollah
had become a major player in organised
crime, helping ship cocaine into the US
from Latin America via the Middle East
and laundering millions of dollars by
buying and shipping used American
cars to Africa.
The agency believed they could trace
the operation to Tehran. Agents on the
investigation, called Project Cassandra,
told the Politico website that they had
in their sights an individual known as
?the Ghost?, a Hezbollah operative
thought to be one of the world?s biggest
cocaine traffickers. He was also
suspected of providing arms to Syria.
However, the Obama administration
scuttled the eight-year US investigation into the group?s criminality in
case it wrecked the former president?s
political priority of drawing Iran into a
deal to curb its nuclear ambitions, it has
been claimed.
Officials said that during the period
when Mr Obama was negotiating the
Iran deal, agents found their prosecutions delayed, arrests and sanctions requests denied and their work hindered.
Katherine Bauer, an official in the
Treasury department during the Obama administration, told Congress that
the Hezbollah-related investigations
?were tamped down for fear of rocking
the boat with Iran and jeopardising the
nuclear deal?.
Hezbollah, which is based in Lebanon, has operated with financial and
political support from Shia-dominated
Iran and Syria since its inception in the
1980s. Mike Pence, the vice president,
accused the group of launching the
?opening salvo? in the US war on terror
when it bombed American barracks in
Beirut in 1983.
Policy experts are divided over how
to deal with the group as it has evolved.
Some, including influential members of
the Obama administration, believed
that moderate elements within Hezbollah should be embraced. Hardliners
view the group as increasingly dangerous as it has become involved in
international criminal syndicates.
Project Cassandra began in 2008 and
tracked Hezbollah?s illicit narcotics and
weapons activities for eight years. The
operation led to at least half a dozen
high-profile arrests and sanctions
against Hezbollah members.
However, Obama officials threw up
roadblocks. Because of the delays,
agents allegedly lost the opportunity to
catch the Ghost, one of the investigation?s biggest targets. The man,
whom they had tracked to Beirut, is
accused of being a supplier of chemical
weapons to President Assad of Syria.
He is believed to remain at large and to
be active in cocaine and weapons trading, officials told Politico.
?There were ways of getting these
guys if they?d let us,? said Jack Kelly, the
DEA official who oversaw the operations. Mr Kelly complained that requests for support from the Obama
administration were ignored.
Jim Phillips, a Middle East specialist
at the conservative Heritage Foundation, said: ?The latest revelation about
giving Hezbollah a pass is yet another
negative repercussion of the Obama
administration?s drive to reach a nuclear agreement with Iran at all costs.?
He added: ?President Obama convinced himself that a nuclear agreement would help moderate Iran?s foreign policy,? but that has not happened,
he said. The disclosures will fuel President Trump?s argument that the US
must put renewed pressure on Iran.
Murder detectives have taken charge of
the investigation into the deaths of a
Canadian billionaire and his wife after
their children complained about police
handling of the case.
The bodies of Barry and Honey Sherman, who were prodigious philanthropists, were found hanged from a railing
by a basement pool at their mansion in
an exclusive neighbourhood of Toronto
on Friday.
Police sources at first briefed that
they were acting on the theory that Mr
Sherman, 75, had killed Mrs Sherman,
70, and then hanged himself. Over the
weekend friends of the couple echoed
their four children?s outraged response
to this hypothesis. ?There is absolutely
zero doubt in my mind, this was a double homicide,? Linda Frum, a senator in
the Canadian parliament and a close
family friend, told The New York Times.
?The idea that Barry would ever harm
Honey ? he adored her. That?s impossible. He was a gentle, good man.?
On Sunday Toronto police described
the case as a ?suspicious death investigation? after a post-mortem examination found that ?the cause of death for
both of the deceased was ligature neck
compression?.
It was not yet being treated as a
murder investigation, a police spokeswoman said, despite the Toronto Police
Service Homicide unit now taking the
lead with inquiries.
Mr Sherman was the founder and
chairman of Apotex, which he built into
one of the world?s biggest generic drug
producers. According to Forbes, the
business magazine, he was Canada?s
12th richest person, with an estimated
fortune of C$4 billion [�3 billion].
The Shermans were among Canada?s
most generous donors, giving hundreds
of millions of dollars to hospitals, universities, political parties and charities.
At the time of their deaths the couple
were building a new home, helping
their daughter to plan her wedding, celebrating the arrival of their third grandchild and preparing for a long Christmas holiday in Miami Beach, Florida.
the times | Tuesday December 19 2017
37
2G M
World
Trump sends warning to Russia and China
United States
Boer Deng Washington
President Trump vowed to confront
the global ambitions of Russia and
China with American strength in a new
era of superpower rivalry.
He said that America?s Cold War foes
were ?revisionist? powers seeking to
undermine its security and prosperity,
even though he has given priority to
forging bonds with President Putin and
President Xi.
He promised to seek co-operation
with Moscow and Beijing where their
interests converged. But in a speech
that put domestic and trade policies at
the heart of a new national security
strategy, he vowed to take on Russian
and Chinese economic and political
meddling in other countries.
?This strategy recognises that whether we like it or not, we are engaged in
a new era of competition,? Mr Trump
said. ?We accept that vigorous military,
economic and political contests are
now playing out all around the world.?
Russia and China were seeking ?to
challenge American influence, values
and wealth?, he said, and a pillar of his
national security strategy was to ensure
economic fairness by targeting what he
saw as unfair trade practices.
His address, the first in which he has
articulated his ?America First? campaign priorities into national security
policy, suggests that the thaw after the
Cold War could be about to change.
Before Mr Trump?s speech, the White
House released details of the strategy.
The document says China and Russia
?are determined to make economies
less free and less fair, to grow their
militaries, and to control information
and data to repress their societies and
expand their influence?.
Competition from the two powers requires the US to ?rethink the policies of
the last two decades?, which assumed
that ?engagement with rivals and their
inclusion in international institutions
and global commerce would turn them
into benign actors?, it says.
Mr Trump?s remarks came as China
and Russia concluded a six-day joint air
defence drill. In describing China?s
economic and military ambitions as
threats, the president risked alienating
a government whose help he needs to
contain North Korea.
He said the United States ?will stand
up for ourselves . . . like we have never
stood up before? when policing trade
disputes. The language was a marked
departure from the warm words Mr
Trump has offered in the past to Mr Xi,
whom he praised as a ?very special
man? he could do business with.
The People?s Daily called the accusations of economic aggression ?a big
joke?. The government-backed Chinese press accused hawkish elements
in Mr Trump?s party of stirring up antiChina sentiments, in particular Steve
Bannon, his former chief strategist.
The strategy also rebuked Russia for
its meddling in Ukraine and subverting
its sovereignty, but made no mention of
the annexation of Crimea or the Kremlin?s interference in last year?s US presidential elections.
It did, however, acknowledge cyberweapons as an emerging threat.
?Through modernised forms of subversive tactics, Russia interferes in the
domestic political affairs of countries
around the world,? the document says.
The strategy also made clear that climate change ? deemed a national
security concern by Mr Trump?s predecessor, Barack Obama ? would no
longer be seen as such, and that targeting ?jihadists? and ?rogue regimes?
would take priority.
Wall Street surge, page 43
UNIVERSAL NEWS AND SPORT
Six dead as
train derails
and lands on
motorway
Ben Hoyle Los Angeles
Six people died as a passenger train
making its first journey on a new faster
route derailed over a busy motorway in
Washington yesterday morning, crushing commuter traffic underneath.
The sheriff?s department in Pierce
County said that no one in the cars and
trucks hit by the carriages on Interstate
5 had been killed.
Ed Troyer, a spokesman for the sheriff?s office, said that at the scene of the
accident, roughly 40 miles south of
Seattle, some of the injured had been
able to climb off the train and were
receiving treatment. Officials said that
77 people had been taken to hospital.
Amtrak, the government-funded
company that operates the US intercity
rail network, said that there were only
about 85 passengers and crew on the
train. It derailed at 7.40am after leaving
Seattle minutes earlier, bound for
Portland, Oregon. It was part of a new
service linking the two biggest cities in
the US Pacific northwest region.
Mr Troyer said that 13 of the train?s 14
carriages derailed in the crash and that
there were still ?a couple of [train] cars
that are not safe enough to search?.
?We know that there?s nobody alive
Passengers on the derailed Amtrak train had to kick out the windows because the emergency doors failed to open. About 85 people were said to have been on board
Seattle
Se
Sea
S
ea
e
att
a
ttle
tle
e
WASHINGTON
Site of
train crash
Ta
Ta
acco
co
oma
m
Interstate 5
Olympia
Olymp
ympia
pia
ia
10 miles
in them at this point, but there are some
other fatals that we are probably going
to find,? he said. ?We just don?t know
until they can shore up those train cars
and get in there and search them.?
The train was travelling at 81.1 mph,
2.1 mph above its scheduled top speed,
according to Transitdocs.com, a website that tracks Amtrak trains. Officials
said that it may have struck an object on
the track before it derailed.
Chris Karnes, a passenger, told local
television that the train had just passed
the city of DuPont when disaster
struck. ?All of a sudden we felt this rocking and creaking noise, and it felt like
we were heading down a hill,? he said.
?The next thing we know is we?re
being slammed into the front of our
seats, windows are breaking, we stop,
and there?s water gushing out of the
train. People were screaming.?
The emergency doors failed to open
so passengers kicked the windows out.
Photographs from the scene showed a
mangled train carriage upside down on
the ground. Another was wedged at a
45 degree angle between the track and
the road. Dozens of emergency services
vehicles were in attendance.
President Trump tweeted initially
that the accident showed why his
promised infrastructure plan was
needed. Ten minutes later he sent his
?thoughts and prayers? to everyone involved in the incident.
US vetoes motion calling for Israel rethink Sarah Palin?s son ?assaulted
Boer Deng
The United States used its veto at the
UN security council for the first time in
almost seven years last night to reject a resolution endorsed by 14
other countries requesting that
President Trump withdraw recognition of Jerusalem as the
capital of Israel.
In a rare break with Washington, Britain voted for the
Egypt-backed resolution and
Nikki Haley, US ambassador
to the UN, later described the
motion as ?an insult? that
?won?t be forgotten?.
Earlier this month Mr
Trump, against the advice
Nikki Haley, the US
ambassador, described
the motion as an insult
of allies, recognised Jerusalem as the
capital of Israel and said that he would
move the US embassy there from Tel
Aviv. Ms Haley said that she cast the veto ?in defence of American sovereignty and in defence of America?s role in the Middle East
peace process?.
The vote ?is not a source of
embarrassment for us; it
should be an embarrassment to the remainder of
the security council?, she
added. Binyamin Netanyahu, the prime minister
of
Israel,
praised her saying: ?Thank you
Ambassador
Haley . . . you lit
a candle of
truth.?
Matthew Ry-
croft, the British ambassador to the UN,
told reporters that Britain had backed
the resolution because it was ?in line
with its longstanding position on Jerusalem, it?s in line with previous security
council resolutions?.
The last time the US used its veto
power in the security council was also
over Israel. In 2011 it rejected a resolution to condemn all Israeli settlements established in occupied Palestinian territory as illegal.
The draft resolution rejected yesterday expressed ?deep regret at recent decisions concerning the status of Jerusalem? and called upon countries not to
establish diplomatic missions to the
city, though it did not mention the US
or Mr Trump by name.
Hundreds have been wounded and
more than half a dozen people have
died amid the violent protests that followed the US declaration on Jerusalem.
father in a row over truck?
Boer Deng
Sarah Palin?s eldest son was charged
with domestic violence yesterday after
allegedly assaulting his father in an
argument over a pickup truck at the
family home. His father, Todd, wielded
a pistol.
Track Palin, 28, is alleged to have left
his father bloodied and his mother, the
former Alaskan governor and 2008
Republican vice-presidential candidate,
visibly shaken, according to the police
affidavit filed in court.
Track, the eldest of the Palins? five
children, is already barred from having
contact with his parents. Last year he
was charged with domestic violence for
beating up a girlfriend.
Todd said that the conflict started
when his son called to say he was
coming to the house to get a truck. Todd
objected, prompting Track to say that
he was en route ?anyway to beat his ass?,
according to the affidavit.
Mrs Palin, 53, called the police, saying
that her son appeared to be ?freaking
out and was on some type of medication? when he approached the house in
Wasilla, Alaska.
Track told police after his arrest that
his father had pointed the gun at him.
He said that he had goaded his father
several times during the stand-off to
shoot him.
The father armed himself with a
pistol as he waited for his son to arrive,
but ultimately, the affidavit said, ?Todd
decided he was not going to shoot his
son? and was disarmed by Track.
the times | Tuesday December 19 2017
39
2G M
World
suffers
Burma carried on burning villages Modi
blow at the
after deal to take back Rohingya polls in his
SIMON MURPHY/PA
Bangladesh
Richard Lloyd Parry Cox?s Bazar
Satellite photographs have revealed
that Muslim Rohingya villages in
Burma were destroyed after the country?s government reached an agreement supposed to allow refugees to
return home peacefully.
At least 40 villages were attacked in
October and November, according to
analysis of the images by Human
Rights Watch (HRW), based in New
York. This brings to 354 the number of
settlements partially or completely
razed in the campaign of arson, murder
and rape by the Burmese security
forces that followed an attack by Rohingya militants at the end of August.
Close to 700,000 people are understood to have fled since then to
Bangladesh, the largest so far in a wave
of mass emigrations by the Rohingya,
who have been persecuted and denied
citizenship in Burma for decades.
The total number of refugees in
Bangladesh ? close to one million ? is
now greater than the number who remain in their Burmese homeland,
Rakhine state. The problem is putting
intense pressure on the Bangladeshi
government, which last month reached
an agreement to begin returning refugees to Burma early next year.
Human rights groups and aid organisations, as well as many Rohingya, have
expressed scepticism about the sincerity of Burma, which has been accused by
the UN of ethnic cleansing.
?The Burmese army?s destruction of
Rohingya villages within days of signing a refugee repatriation agreement
with Bangladesh shows that commitments to safe returns were just a public
relations stunt,? said Brad Adams of
HRW. ?Burmese government pledges
to ensure the safety of returning Rohingya cannot be taken seriously.?
Commercial satellite images analysed by HRW disprove a claim by
Aung San Suu Kyi, the de facto
Burmese leader, that conflicts in Rakhine ended on September 5. At least 118
villages have been at least partially
destroyed since that date.
On November 23 Bangladesh and
Burma agreed to return refugees to
Rakhine. The satellite photographs
show that between November 25 and
December 2 at least four villages in
home state
India
Ashish Malhotra Delhi
Shawkat Ara says that her village was burnt down in the night. Satellite images reveal destruction in Maungdaw township
BANGLADESH
Villages
destroyed
BURMA
Buthidaung
Villages
intact
Bay of Bengal
Maungdaw township were burnt.
Bimal Chandra Dey Sarker of the
Bangladeshi aid organisation Mukti,
said that between 60,000 and 70,000
more Rohingya had crossed into Bangladesh this month. ?The recent arrivals
say that even if their villages are intact,
they can?t buy essentials in the
markets,? he said. ?The vendors have
been told not to sell food to Rohingya.?
The crackdown followed attacks by
members of the Arakan Rohingya
Salvation Army on August 25 that
killed a few dozen people. The response
was described by Zeid Raad al-Hussein,
the UN human rights chief, as ?a textbook example of ethnic cleansing?.
In an interview with the BBC shown
last night he hinted that Ms Suu Kyi
could face future charges of genocide.
He said that he telephoned the Nobel
peace prize winner last January to beg
her personally to bring an end to persecution of the Rohingya.
?I appealed to her emotional standing to do whatever she could to bring
this to a close,? he told BBC?s Panorama.
?To my great regret this didn?t seem to
happen. The elements suggest you cannot rule out the possibility that acts of
genocide have been committed. Given
the scale of the military operation,
clearly these would have to be decisions
taken at a high level. If it came to your
knowledge that this was being committed and you did nothing to stop them
then you could be culpable as well.?
christmas appeal
Children on the Edge, which works with
Rohingya refugees, is being supported
by The Times Christmas charity appeal
Coupon, page 25
Narendra Modi, the Indian prime
minister, has faced a tougher-thanexpected election battle in his home
state in a sign that his popularity has
suffered a blow.
The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) is
on course for its sixth victory in a row in
the western state of Gujarat but with a
reduced majority in the assembly.
The BJP is predicted to win about 100
seats, down from 115 in 2012, while the
main opposition party, Congress, could
see its share increase from 65 to 80.
Congress is claiming a moral victory
before the general election in 2019.
The ruling party has held Gujarat for
the past 22 years, 13 with Mr Modi as
chief minister. During the campaign,
the party predicted winning 150 of the
state?s 182 seats.
The BJP has built a formidable election machine in recent years. After Mr
Modi became prime minister in 2014,
the party won several important state
elections, including a resounding victory this year in Uttar Pradesh, India?s
most populous state.
In recent months there have been
rumblings of discontent over an agrarian crisis in rural parts of Gujarat and
controversial economic reforms, such
as the demonetisation initiative a year
ago that rendered certain bank notes
void. The state is home to a sizeable
business community.
?We have given them a battle right
inside their fortress and managed to
dent the sheen of their victory,? Priyanka Chaturvedi, a spokeswoman for
Congress, told The Times. ?Very clearly
the indication is that 2019 is game on,
and something that we will now work
towards consolidating and coming
back to power.?
Supporters of the prime minister said
he had managed to stave off greater
losses with personal involvement in the
final weeks of the Gujarat campaign.
However, critics accused Mr Modi, a
self-proclaimed Hindu nationalist, of
exploiting religious and caste divisions
during 34 rallies in the state.
The BJP is also expected to win in
Himachal Pradesh, meaning that it will
control 19 of India?s 29 states.
?Weapons broker? was hospital cleaner Woman survives fall into
Australia
Roger Maynard Sydney
A man who has been charged with brokering black market deals involving
missile components for North Korea
worked as a hospital cleaner in Sydney
by day while allegedly sending encrypted messages to Pyongyang by night.
Chan Han Choi, 59, is a South Korean-born Australian who lives alone in a
rented apartment in the suburb of Eastwood. Neighbours described him as
mild-mannered and polite. He is
divorced with a 30-year-old son and
arrived in Australia 30 years ago.
He has been accused of brokering
deals involving missile components
and coal for Kim Jong-un?s regime.
Mr Choi, also known as Solomon,
played a part in trying to bring North
Korean competitors to Australia for the
Sydney 2000 Olympic Games.
He was active in his local church but
inexplicably turned against his friends
in Sydney?s Korean Christian commu-
nity. One said: ?The first time we interacted there was no problem. However,
after two or three times his thinking
started to change slightly to support the
North Korean regime and it worried
me, so I broke off the friendship.?
A woman who was part of the same
church community said there had been
concerns that Mr Choi might have been
connected to North Korea?s ?power
men?.
?I hated that my husband met with
him and I don?t like anything related to
North Korea ? many people are
scared for their own safety,? she said.
The woman claimed that Mr Choi
had made many trips to North Korea.
?He told us he would send his own
money to North Korea ? we don?t
know where it went or who it helped,?
she said.
Mr Choi, who was described as an
amateur engineer, is known to have set
up several engineering companies in
the past and in 2002 filed for a trademark in connection with a water purifi-
cation system. Australian police have
described him as an ?economic agent?
but not a spy. He is not thought to have
entered a plea.
If found guilty of the charges against
him he faces at least ten years in jail
under Australia?s Weapons of Mass Destruction Act.
Prosecutors said that Mr Choi had
also been charged with breaches of
international sanctions applied to
North Korea in an effort to curb its nuclear and ballistic missile programmes.
?We believe this man participated in
discussions about the sale of missile
componentry from North Korea to
other entities abroad as another
attempt to try and raise revenue for the
government in North Korea,? Neil
Gaughan, assistant commissioner of
the Australian Federal Police (AFP),
said.
?Through the actions of this man and
the evidence we will put before the
court, the AFP will be saying this man
was a loyal agent of North Korea.?
28ft mineshaft in outback
Roger Maynard
A woman who fell down a disused
mineshaft in the Australian outback
and was lost for days has been found by
rescuers who said she was lucky to be
alive.
The unnamed woman, who is 29, disappeared on Friday after a night-time
walk at a mining camp at Lightning
Ridge, a small desert community close
to the Queensland border in far northwestern New South Wales.
The area is popular with diggers
searching for black opals, which have
drawn adventurers since 1928 when a
famous stone called Light of the World,
weighing nearly 16oz, was discovered
near by. Over the years countless shafts
have been dug, dotting the area with
hundreds of abandoned pits.
When the woman?s husband reported her missing the next day, emergency
services feared that the heat, exceeding
40C, would reduce her chances.
Police, fire and other emergency services organised a line search and
brought in a drone to scour the wider
area but only found the woman yesterday down a 28ft abandoned opal mine.
Rescuers lowered a harness from a pulley and the woman was brought to the
surface. She had suffered minor abrasions in the fall and was in a stable condition.
?We were pretty lucky in this situation in that the temperature in the mine
shaft was low, so that assisted,? Inspector David Checkley told the Australian Broadcasting Corporation. ?She
reported that she went for a midnight
walk from the camp, which is obviously
dangerous in those sorts of areas
and she?s found that out. She?s told us
that she certainly won?t be doing that
again.?
40
2G M
Tuesday December 19 2017 | the times
World
FREDERIC DURIEZ/MEDIADRUMWORLD
General stakes claim
to presidency of Libya
Libya
Bel Trew Cairo
Sartorial tribute The Yebichai Hunchback is one of a series of colourised 100-year-old
photographs that show Navajo Native Americans wearing masks that represent deities
The most powerful military commander in Libya has declared the
internationally recognised government redundant and suggested that
he should run the country.
In a speech likely to lead to further
chaos in the already fractured nation
Khalifa Haftar, whose forces control
most of east Libya, claimed that a
2015 UN-brokered peace deal had
expired, rendering the government
that emerged from it illegitimate.
In an address broadcast from his
headquarters in Benghazi, General
Haftar said: ?All bodies resulting
from this agreement automatically
lose their legitimacy, which has been
contested from the first day they took
office.?
Acknowledging that the country
was now at an ?historic and dangerous turning point?, he hinted that he
would consider filling the political
void by running for president.
The country is roughly split in two
between the UN-backed government
in Tripoli and the parliament in the
east, which is supported by General
Haftar and has its own cabinet. This
summer he held talks in the UAE and
France with Faiez Serraj, the
country?s recognised prime minister,
when they agreed to a conditional
ceasefire and to discussions about
building a unified Libyan army that
would include powerful brigades who
support Mr Serraj.
Libya has been torn apart by warKhalifa Haftar
said that the
government was
not legitimate
ring factions since the 2011 uprising
that toppled Colonel Gaddafi. Extremist groups such as Islamic State
and al-Qaeda have exploited the
security vacuum to recruit and build.
General Haftar used language
similar to that deployed by President
Sisi in neighbouring Egypt before he
resigned as military chief in 2014 and
participated in presidential elections.
Shortly after the general?s speech
thousands took to the streets in Tri-
poli, Benghazi and Tobruk, demanding he take charge of the country.
General Haftar, who is believed to
be 74, was given refuge in the US after
Gaddafi abandoned him following a
disastrous 1987 military involvement
in a war in Chad. This year he met
Russian officers on the Admiral Kuznetsov aircraft carrier off the Libya
coast in January and visited Moscow.
Ghassan Salam�, the UN?s special
representative to Libya, warned after
the speech that Libyans were ?fed up
with violence? and hoped ?for a political solution, for reconciliation and
for harmony?.
The mayor of Misrata, Libya?s third
largest city, was kidnapped and killed
on Sunday. Mohamed Eshtewi, who
was spearheading local peace efforts,
had been repeatedly threatened by
Islamists for supporting the Tripolibased unity government, and for
reaching out to factions in the east.
Mr Eshtewi had been in Istanbul
meeting Turkish officials to discuss
Libya?s peace process and was ambushed as he drove home from Misrata airport. His body was later
dumped outside a hospital. His
brother Ahmed was also injured.
Death row criminals put on show
China
Didi Tang Beijing
Criminals have been paraded in front
of tens of thousands of spectators at a
sports stadium in China, with some
hauled away to be executed.
A court in the southern city of
Lufeng put up notices encouraging
residents to attend the event. Video
clips posted online show a packed
arena, with many in the crowd wearing school uniforms. The 12 handcuffed men stood in the back of small
trucks flanked by police officers and
were paraded around the stadium.
The footage showed armed soldiers guarding the venue as the criminals, convicted of manslaughter,
burglary and drug-related crimes,
were sent up on to a raised platform,
one by one, to hear their sentences
read out via a loudspeaker. Ten received a death sentence, to be carried
out that day. The state-run news website The Paper said that seven of these
sentences were for drug convictions.
The display was apparently an effort to deter drug-related crimes but
has been criticised for breaking rules
against parading convicted criminals. Such displays, common during
the political purges of the Cultural
Revolution, were banned in 1988 but
that has occasionally been flouted.
Lufeng is considered one of the
most drug-ridden cities in China and
this is the second public display there
in recent months. A public sentencing conference was held in June for
Days of delays after airport power cut
Power was restored at the
world?s busiest airport
after an 11-hour blackout
grounded more than 1,500
flights and stranded
30,000 passengers at
Atlanta in its second
busiest week of the year.
The shutdown at
Hartsfield-Jackson
airport, caused by an
underground electrical
fire that crippled the
power supply, could mean
several more days of
disruption as airlines
work to clear the backlog.
Aircraft arriving after
1pm on Sunday were
forced to idle outside the
terminals, leaving
passengers stuck on board
for up to nine hours.
The cause of the fire is
under investigation, and
foul play is not suspected.
Sadistic heritage
?Nazis out? march
Paris The French culture
Vienna Protesters chanted
?Nazis out? at the
inauguration of Austria?s
coalition government
between the conservative
People?s Party and the
far-right Freedom Party.
Sebastian Kurz, 31, the
new chancellor,
campaigned on stopping
the ?Islamisation? of
Europe and denying
migrants welfare money.
ministry has preempted
the sale of the Marquis de
Sade?s manuscript of his
120 Days of Sodom and
will buy it as an item of
national heritage. While
imprisoned in the Bastille
in 1785 he wrote the work
on a 40ft scroll that had
been expected to fetch
?6 million at auction in
Paris tomorrow.
18 people convicted of drug crimes
and 13 were sentenced to death.
There appeared to be widespread
public support for the latest rally online, with commentators saying that
the men deserved no dignity. But
there was criticism from state newspapers. ?As the harshest penalty, even
the death sentence has its humanitarian baseline,? an editorial in the Beijing News said. ?Such insults to one?s
dignity amount to extra-judicial punishments, which only bring shame to
the rule of law.?
In 2014 local authorities in the
western region of Xinjiang held
public sentencing conferences to deter terrorism, allegedly motivated by
extreme religious thoughts among
the Muslim Uighur minority.
the times | Tuesday December 19 2017
41
2GM
World
ARND WIEGMANN/REUTERS; URS FLUEELER/AP
To hell with
it, says critic
of state ban
on profanity
United States
Boer Deng Washington
The train offers easier access to the resort of Stoos, high above Lake Lucerne.
At one stretch it gains 110 metres in height over a distance of only 100 metres
Swiss keep a level
head as steepest
railway climbs
into record books
Switzerland
David Crossland Berlin
Switzerland has opened the world?s
steepest railway, which ascends at an
angle of almost 48 degrees to reach the
Alpine ski resort of Stoos but still allows
passengers to keep a level head.
The revolutionary construction
features barrel-shaped carriages that
rotate to compensate for the angle of
climb and descent, keeping passengers
on the flat at all times.
The railway links the valley station in
the town of Schwyz with Stoos, rising
743 metres over a distance of 1,738 metres in a journey taking four minutes.
Over one stretch, it gains 110 metres in
height while travelling only 100 metres
in length. The train, developed at a cost
of about SwFr52 million (�.3 million)
took 14 years to complete and is being
celebrated as a masterpiece of engineering.
It will give tourists easier access to
Stoos, high above Lake Lucerne, and is
a lifeline for the 150 inhabitants of the
car-free village, replacing an ageing fu-
nicular railway built in 1933 that was
half as fast and had half the capacity.
The train can travel at ten metres per
second and carry up to 1,500 passengers an hour.
President Leuthard, who inaugurated the new train, described the project
as a world-class addition to the country?s 500 cable cars and funiculars. She
boarded for its maiden trip, in which it
travelled at half speed out of consideration for her because she suffers from
vertigo. ?My nerves were tingling, it
was simply great,? she said after reaching the top. ?What we do in politics is
secondary by comparison with this
kind of work.?
The 1,600-horsepower engines were
designed by the Swiss engineering
group ABB. Ueli Spinner, head of sales,
said that the train needed an exceptionally large amount of energy at the start
because of the steepness of the initial
climb from the valley floor station as
well as the later climb to the mountain
station.
ABB helped to construct the famous
Jungfrau line, a cog railway opened in
GERMANY
25 miles
FRANCE
SWITZERLAND
Bern
Geneva
Sw
is
lp
sA
s
Stoos
ITALY
1
Train made of barrel-shaped
carriages
2 As the incline
increases the carriages
rotate to keep their
floors level
Steepest
gradient
47.7
1912 that runs 5.6 miles up to the Jungfraujoch, to Europe?s highest station at
13,450m. For the new Schwyz-Stoos line
three tunnels and two bridges had to be
built. The company said that it regarded Switzerland, with its challenging
geography, as a test site for technologies
that it would go on to sell worldwide.
?After 14 years of planning and building, everyone is very proud of this
train,? said Ivan Steiner, a spokesman
for Switzerland?s national railway.
The biggest challenge was constructing the tunnels.
Bruno Lifart, the project manager,
said: ?We did not set out to build a world
record-breaking railway.? He added
that rebuilding the old railway would
not have worked because it would have
cut off Stoos from the outside world for
at least two years.
SAVE �0
and get a
free spa
experience
If Michael Webert has his way it will
soon be possible to swear in public in
Virginia and avoid a $250 fine.
The Republican state delegate and
farmer has twice tried to repeal a law
banning public profanity. However, his
bill has been rejected in both the previous legislative sessions over fears that
endorsing it would be seen as supporting swearing. Mr Webert is hoping that
the session of the Virginia general assembly that is due to open next month
will make it third time lucky.
Swearing in public in Virginia has
been a misdemeanour since the 19th
century and critics say that it is antiquated and unfairly administered. Civil
rights advocates say that profanity statutes have their origins in discriminatory laws that were intended to target
African-Americans. Petty crimes such
as talking too loudly in public or cursing
were easy reasons to fine black people
who could not afford the fees.
State law equates swearing with disorderly drunkenness. Recently, Virginia police have reported hundreds of arrests for profanity and intoxication.
There are still anti-profanity laws in
Mississippi, Alabama and Oklahoma,
and some other states punish blasphemy. A video of a radio disc jockey complaining about being arrested for
swearing at state police made headlines
in Alabama this year.
Mr Webert said that his incentive for
wanting to repeal the Virginia law came
from his daily experiences on the farm.
?When you?re working [with] cows and
a 1,400-pound animal doesn?t do what
you want it to, or steps on your feet,
every once in a while something colourful comes out of your mouth,? he
told The Washington Post. Four-letter
words of that sort should be rebuked
with nothing more than a reminder to
wash out one?s mouth, he said.
Some jurisdictions in Virginia take
this style of approach. In Virginia
Beach, an Atlantic resort, a court struck
down a local statute to enforce the antiprofanity law. Instead, the town posts
signs discouraging swearing.
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the times | Tuesday December 19 2017
43
2GM
Business
world markets (Change on the day)
commodities
FTSE 100
7,537.01 (+46.44)
Gold
$1,263.00 (+8.28)
Nov 20
28
Dec 6
Dow Jones
24,792.20 (+140.46)
currencies
$
Brent crude (6pm)
$62.64 (-0.04)
$
�/$
$1.3397 (+0.0085)
$
�/?
?1.1348 (+0.0042)
�
7,800
24,800
1,400
70
1.400
1.200
7,400
24,000
1,300
62
1.350
1.150
7,000
23,200
1,200
54
1.300
1.100
6,600
22,400
1,100
46
1.250
14
Nov 17
28
Dec 6
14
Nov 20
28
Dec 6
14
Nov 20
28
Dec 6
14
Nov 20
28
Dec 6
14
SHAUN BOTTERILL/GETTY
New Day
for English
rugby union
S
ue Day, the
former England
women?s rugby
captain, is to join the
Rugby Football Union
as its chief financial
officer (Katherine
Griffiths writes).
Ms Day, 45, will
combine her expertise
in the sport with her
recent experience as a
deal advisory partner
at KPMG.
The RFU is the
sport?s governing
body in England and
was founded in 1871.
Ms Day is the first
woman to be
appointed finance
director.
Ms Day was a
record try scorer for
England and was
capped 59 times. She
worked at KPMG for
the past 20 years and
was made a partner
in 2015.
Wall St soars as markets
cheer Trump tax reforms
Dow beats its record for 70th time this year
Confidence that President Trump will
achieve his first significant legislative
victory within the next few days helped
Wall Street?s record-breaking streak
continue with a new milestone of its
own last night.
With Congress expected to approve
the biggest tax overhaul in three
decades, America?s three main markets
enjoyed record closes. The Dow Jones
industrial average has achieved more
closing records than in any other year,
notching up its 70th record high since
January, beating its total of 69 in 1995.
Under the proposed tax reforms
agreed by senior Republicans, the
federal corporate tax rate would be
cut from 35 per cent to 21 per cent.
Capitol Hill could vote on the measures, which the president has described
as ?a giant tax cut for Christmas? today.
Mr Trump talked up the potential
28
Dec 6
14
Toys R Us
given �
pension fund
ultimatum
Katherine Griffiths
KPMG pay cut, page 44
Callum Jones Markets Reporter
1.050
Nov 20
impact of the measures, predicting that
plans to repatriate cash held overseas
would draw in the foreign profits of US
companies.
?This is going to bring money in. As
an example, we think $4 trillion is going
to be flowing back into the country,? the
president said. ?That?s money that?s
overseas that?s stuck there for years and
years.?
Expectations that Mr Trump could
sign the tax reform bill before the weekend lifted stocks. The FTSE 100 gained
0.6 per cent in London to close at
7,537.01.
The Dow gained 140.46 points, or
0.6 per cent, to close at 24,792.20, its
second successive record high. For the
first time in its 121-year history, the
index ? which consists of 30 of America?s largest companies ? has risen
more than 5,000 points in a year or 25.5
per cent. The technology-heavy Nasdaq index surpassed 7,000 points for
the first time during the session but
closed slightly below that level after
rising 0.8 per cent to 6,994.76, while the
S&P 500 rose 0.5 per cent to 2,690.16, its
62 record close of 2017.
The tax proposals have faced stiff opposition from Democrats, who say they
would favour the rich and offer limited
assistance to the middle class. If approved, the top rate of individual tax will
drop from 39.6 per cent to 37 per cent.
Officials said last night that they expected the House of Representatives to
vote on the measures today. The Senate
must also vote on the bill before it can
be signed into law.
Hopes were lifted over the weekend
by Steve Mnuchin, the US treasury secretary, who suggested that Mr Trump
could formally approve the overhaul
this week. ?This is a historic event,? he
told CBS network. ?People said we
wouldn?t get this done; we?re on the
verge of getting this done.? The US
markets rally is ?based on the belief that
we?re going to see the Congress pass tax
reform,? Robert Pavlik, chief investment strategist at Slatestone Wealth,
said. ?People are a bit wary about how
long the rally will last, but earnings continue to grow, the tax package should
help and the economy is doing well. I?m
very positive about the overall market.?
Mike van Dulken, head of research at
Accendo Markets, suggested investors
were searching for signs of how the
changes could help companies.
?Ahead of the bill being signed into
law, any more updated guidance from
US corporates, showing potential earnings improvement from the reform, will
be closely watched,? he said.
The non-partisan congressional
joint committee on taxation has stated
that the measures could add as much as
$1.4 trillion to America?s national debt
over a decade.
Market report, page 55
The future of more than 3,000 employees of Toys R Us was in the balance
yesterday after the UK pensions lifeboat demanded that the retailer pay
�million into its pension scheme in
exchange for backing a rescue plan.
Toys R US is trying to push through
a company voluntary arrangement
(CVA), an insolvency process used by
retailers to close loss-making stores,
in an attempt to revive profits in its
British business.
The retailer, which has 84 stores and
employs 3,200 staff in the UK, has been
loss-making for seven of the past eight
years and in its latest accounts had an
operating loss of �0,000 on sales of
�8 million.
The Pension Protection Fund, which
protects pensions when companies
fail, demanded that the cash, equivalent
to about three years? contributions,
be paid before it agrees to support the
CVA in a vote today.
However, sources close to the
process said that the American parent
of Toys R Us, Interstate Department
Stores, is unlikely to pay into the UK
pension scheme.
The business filed for Chapter 11
bankruptcy protection in September,
with $5 billion of debts. Interstate
would not be able to provide the money
now, and could only consider it in
January, sources added. The Toys R Us
scheme has about 600 members and
according to the fund has a shortfall of
between � million and � million.
Under its CVA plan, 26 outlets and at
least 500 jobs would go next spring, but
that could leave the remaining business
and 2,700 staff able to carry on. If the
CVA does not go ahead, the retailer
could go into administration, with the
loss of 3,200 jobs.
Creditors to Toys R Us will vote on
the CVA which requires 75 per cent
support to proceed. As part of the business?s application, the pension trustees?
votes pass to the fund.
The fund was set up 11 years ago and
is paid for from a levy on company pension schemes. It pays compensation to
members of eligible defined benefit
pension schemes of companies that get
into serious difficulties. Its intervention
over the Toys R Us CVA was first
reported by Sky News.
A fund spokesman said: ?The pension scheme is already underfunded
and, if we were to vote in favour of the
CVA, we would need actions taken that
ensure the position of the scheme was
not going to further weaken?.
Alvarez & Marsal, a restructuring
specialist, is advising Toys R Us, and did
not comment yesterday.
44
1G M
Tuesday December 19 2017 | the times
Business
Need to know
1
British factories are ramping up
production to cope with the
biggest jump in demand since
the ?Lawson boom? of the late
1980s, as the cheap pound and a
global economic recovery fuels a
surge in new orders. Page 15
2
Confidence that President
Trump will achieve his first
significant legislative victory
within the next few days helped
Wall Street?s record-breaking
streak to continue with a new
milestone of its own last night.
With Congress expected to
approve the biggest tax overhaul in
three decades this week, America?s
three main markets each closed at
fresh highs. Page 43
3
Sue Day, the former England
Women?s rugby captain, is to
join the Rugby Football Union
as its chief financial officer. She
will combine her expertise in the
sport with her most recent day job
at the accountancy firm KPMG as
a deal advisory partner. Page 43
4
The future of more than
3,000 employees of Toys R
Us was in the balance
yesterday after the UK pensions
lifeboat demanded that the retailer
pay �million into its pension
scheme in exchange for backing a
rescue plan. Page 43
5
Pay for partners at KPMG UK
has been cut by 10 per cent to
�9,000 after the
accountancy firm?s profits fell a
fifth and it wrote off dud
technology investments.
6
The CBI, Britain?s biggest
business lobby group, says
there has been a ?substantial?
increase in companies who believe
the UK will be a less competitive
place to invest and create jobs in
five years? time, as concerns about
their ability to hire overseas
workers grow. Page 46
7
Sir Christopher Hohn, the
hedge fund manager behind a
campaign to oust the
chairman of the London Stock
Exchange, is set to skip an investor
meeting tomorrow at which his
future will be decided.
Shareholders will vote on whether
to keep Donald Brydon as the
exchange?s chairman. Page 48
8
Toyota will be producing
more than 5.5 million cars a
year that will be electrified by
2030. In a significant shift in
strategy, the Japanese automotive
giant previously seen as the king
of the hybrid electric car has
committed to producing more
purely electric vehicles. Page 49
9
Walt Disney?s $66 billion bid
for 21st Century Fox is shortchanging investors in Sky, a
veteran hedge fund manager
warned yesterday. Crispin Odey,
who is among the British pay-TV
company?s top 20 shareholders,
said the broadcaster should fetch a
higher price than the �.75 per
share on offer from Fox. Page 51
10
Lord Grade, the former
chairman of the BBC and
ITV, is to return to a stock
market role after taking a
substantial stake in a listed music
rights company that specialises in
nostalgic songs. Page 55
The City People column is taking
a break until the new year.
Partners? pay
hit at KPMG
as profits fall
Katherine Griffiths Banking Editor
Pay for partners at KPMG UK has been
cut by 10 per cent to �9,000 after the
accountancy firm?s profits fell a fifth and
it wrote off dud technology investments.
The results, which surprised its peers,
came after KPMG changed its chairman in July. Bill Michael, who replaced
Simon Collins as head of the UK business, said he had ?taken a hard look at
the balance sheet?. The firm went ?off
piste? with some acquisitions in its
effort to be at the cutting edge of technology, he added.
KPMG is one of the ?big four? accountancy firms with PWC, Deloitte
and EY. In recent years it has fallen below EY to be the smallest member of that
group. Its UK arm has more than 12,000
staff working in more than 20 offices.
Its UK partners have earned less
than their competitors. EY reported a
9 per cent rise in fee income in its last
full year to June 30 to �35 billion and
its partners received on average
�7,000.
PWC, the largest provider of professional services in the UK, reported
revenues of �6 billion and partners?
average pay of �2,000. Partners at
Deloitte earned �5,000 and its
revenue rose 11 per cent to �4 billion.
KPMG said yesterday that pre-tax
profit fell by almost a fifth to �1 million in the year to September 30 after it
took a hit on the value of a series of
unsuccessful acquisitions and investments. Its revenues rose 5 per cent to
�2 billion as demand for its audit,
management consultancy and other
services continued to hold up.
It has been buffeted by several problems, including its involvement in the
widening scandal in South Africa over
the billionaire Gupta family, and in the
UK its audit of HBOS, the stricken
bank, a decade ago. The firm was
cleared in September by the accounting
watchdog of misconduct over HBOS
but the decision stirred fresh questions
about its role as the auditor.
In common with its peers, KPMG has
invested in a string of technology busi-
nesses but its results have been mixed.
One investment that has not done well,
Mr Michael said, was KPMG?s investment in Flexeye, a technology business
that analyses large amounts of data.
KPMG committed �million to the
British company in 2015.
A successful venture was KPMG?s
acquisition of Boxwood, a management
consultancy that focuses on mid-market
firms, Mr Michael said. The acquisition
also took place in 2015. ?Areas in the last
three to four years where we haven?t
stayed core to our brand have been harder to get right,? he added. By contrast, investments focusing on content had been
better, he said.
KPMG had an alliance with McLaren but this year the automotive group
struck a new deal with Deloitte. At the
time, KPMG said the decision to end
the partnership had been ?mutual?.
Mr Michael took over as chairman of
KPMG?s UK business from Mr Collins,
having worked for the firm for almost
30 years. He was previously global head
of banking and capital markets.
Brexit has produced a lot of work for
KPMG as financial services firms have
wanted to prepare. But the future is
uncertain because a drop in business
investment and a drag on the economy
would outweigh the extra work on
Brexit preparation, Mr Michael said.
Regulatory reform and political
shifts drove clients? demand for advice,
the firm said. Its audit practice posted
growth of 10 per cent. It won the audits
of BT, Legal and General and Micro
Focus and became the number one
auditor of the FTSE 250 and FTSE 350.
KPMG?s management consulting
practice also developed, posting an
11 per cent increase, driven by clients
seeking cost-effective operating models for areas such as IT services, finance
and employees.
KPMG has 600 partners, flat on last
year. Male employees earned 22 per
cent more than women.
Mr Michael said: ?We are confident
about the strength of the UK economy
and have plans to recruit 2,500 colleagues in the forthcoming months.
Steer clear
15*
Transport-related
mine deaths
in 2016
Wireless antenna ?
robust signal needed
across mine
130
autonomous trucks
out of a total Rio iron
ore fleet of 400
The trucks
Height
7.4 metres
Capacity
Up to 360 tonnes
Generate an extra
2 hours and 44 minutes
of operating time a day
15%
Costs 15 per cent
lower than when
drivers are used
Smoother driving,
more even loading
leads to reduced
tyre wear
Man to
scale
Autonomous trucks drive
higher productivity at Rio
A fleet of mining trucks, each the size of
a house, ferries the rust-red dirt of the
Pilbara in Western Australia to the blast
furnaces of China. Increasingly these
juggernauts are driverless, their nearest
human master 650 miles away in an airconditioned control room in Perth
(Marcus Leroux writes).
Rio Tinto yesterday announced
plans to retro-fit 48 more trucks with its
autonomous haulage system next year.
That will mark a 50 per cent rise in the
size of its automated fleet and will mean
that in 18 months a third of its trucks
will be driverless.
Rio Tinto is the world?s secondlargest diversified miner, but relies on
its hugely profitable iron ore operations
in Western Australia for most of its
profits. They contributed more than
Spread betters fall on talk of crackdown
Harry Wilson City Editor
A warning from the European financial
markets watchdog of a clampdown on
spread betting led to sharp falls in the
shares of London-listed trading businesses aimed at individual investors.
The European Securities and
Markets Authority (Esma) warned late
last week that it was considering
restricting the sales of contracts for
difference and binary options, as well as
other ?speculative products? amid concerns investors are being encouraged to
take on risks they cannot afford.
These products often enable investors to place bets on movements in
share prices or assets such as commodities without owning the underlying
product. They have become increasingly popular but have attracted the
attention of regulators, who fear their
risks are not properly explained.
Shares in CMC Markets and IG
Group, two of the world?s largest spread
betting companies, led the fallers on the
London market yesterday, losing more
than 12 per cent and 9 per cent of their
value respectively. Shares in Plus500, a
smaller operator listed on the junior
Aim market, fell almost 11 per cent.
Of particular concern are products
that allow customers to make wagers
that can leave them owing far more
than the value of their stake. Among the
changes being examined by Esma are
rules providing so-called negative balance protection as well as a ?margin
close-out? that would also limit losses.
Esma said that it would look at banning the sale of binary options, a form
of financial gambling allowing clients
to wager on anything from share price
movements to fluctuations in the currency markets, as well as introducing
restrictions on marketing, distributions
and sale of more conventional spread
betting products.
In a statement to investors, CMC
Markets said the new rules ?may have
an impact? on its business, but played
down their potential seriousness.
?The group has focused on higher
value clients and has one of the highest
revenues per client in the industry.
This, coupled with geographic diversity, a growing institutional business and
a partnership with ANZ Bank to
provide stockbroking services in Australia from September 2018 will help to
mitigate any impact from Esma?s
proposals,? CMC said.
IG Group said that it was ?supportive? of Esma?s work, but added that
many of its clients were high-rollers,
and not normal retail punters.
?Whilst IG has historically categorised the vast majority of its clients as
retail as a matter of course, IG?s client
base is different from most in the industry due to the company?s long term
focus on clients of high value and
sophistication,? IG Group said.
European authorities are to begin a
public consultation on the rule changes
next month. The Financial Conduct
Authority said it backed the work of the
watchdog. ?Any permanent FCA policy
measures would take in to account any
prospective Esma measures,? it said.
Asaf Elimelech, chief executive of
Plus500, said: ?We look forward to
working with our regulators through
the consultation period and establishing detailed procedures to ensure the
proposed measures operate effectively.
We have a flexible business model . . .
and are well diversified globally.?
The shares in CMC Markets closed
21p lower at 146緋, while IG Group?s
ended the day down 68p at 665 and
Plus500?s lost 100p to 825p.
the times | Tuesday December 19 2017
45
1G M
Business
High-precision GPS
system, constantly
updated to reflect
changing mine
environment
Instructions
from central
computer
monitoring
entire system
Brockman 4
The Pilbara
AUSTRALIA
Control
centre
in Perth
Financial bookies
lose their leverage
business commentary Alistair Osborne
A
200 sensors
monitor engine
performance,
maintenance and
operating
environment
Vehicle controller
system physically
drives vehicle, with
automatic ignition
* Out of a total of 63
reported by the 23
members of the
International Council on
Mining and Metals
Cameras feed
images to
control centre
in Perth
80 per cent of underlying earnings in
the first half of this year. The move was
particularly significant because it will
mark the first time that Rio has used
automated Caterpillar haul trucks. To
date, the automation system has been
applied only to its Komatsu fleet.
Working in the Pilbara, an iron-rich
desert where temperatures can reach
45 degrees centigrade, is not an attractive prospect ? a factor that pushed
salaries for drivers above �0,000 a
year during the mining boom.
It is also hazardous: transport accidents were the second biggest cause of
fatalaties after land movements last
year, according to data compiled by the
International Council on Metals and
Mining, which represents most of the
western world?s big mining groups.
The main advantage, Rio says, is productivity. The driverless trucks operate
close to 24 hours a day. About 200 sensors indicate problems or maintenance
requirements and they can be programmed to maximise fuel efficiency.
Rio Tinto is far from alone in seeking
to automate the mining process. Yet
having introduced its first driverless
truck in 2008, it claims to be first out of
the blocks. In October it completed its
first fully autonomous railway journey,
sending a train laden with iron ore on a
60-mile pilot run. Chris Salisbury, chief
executive of Rio Tinto iron ore, said the
retro-fitting initiative was a ?world
first?. ?The expansion of our autonomous fleet via retro-fitting helps to
improve safety, unlocks significant
productivity gains, and continues to cement Rio Tinto as an industry leader?.
Tom Butler, chief executive of the
International Council of Mining and
Metals, said: ?Accidents involving
mobile equipment in 2016 were the
second highest cause of operational
fatalities. ICMM?s members are committed to reducing fatalities to zero. We
believe the increased use of automated
vehicles will help our members and the
wider industry achieve this goal.?
France calls for G20 bitcoin debate
Bitcoin could be on the agenda of the
next meeting of the world?s 20 largest
economies after France?s finance minister said the explosive growth of the
crypto-currency should be discussed.
Bruno Le Maire told French media
that he would ask for the April G20
meeting in Argentina to look at the
?risk of speculation? in bitcoin as it
continues to make inroads into the
mainstream financial system.
?We need to consider and examine
this and see how . . . with all the other
G20 members we can regulate bitcoin,?
Mr Le Maire said.
The French minister?s warning was
echoed by Axel Weber, chairman of
UBS bank and former head of the Bundesbank, who said during an interview
that ?bitcoin is not money?. He urged
regulators to respond to the increased
interest in digital currencies.
Bitcoin price
$18,468
Source: Thomson Reuters
Harry Wilson, Martin Strydom
$20,000
15,000
10,000
5,000
2017
Sept
Oct
Nov
Dec
0
Bitcoin has been heralded by its supporters as an innovation allowing users
to transact without using the established banking system. The total stock
of the virtual currency is valued at more
than $300 billion from less than $20 billion earlier this year after a rapid rise in
its price in recent months.
The calls for examination of its dangers came as bitcoin futures began trading on Sunday evening on a second of
the world?s largest financial futures
exchanges. Futures contracts enable
investors to speculate on the price of an
asset in the future, most often over one,
two and three-month periods.
Bitcoin futures launched on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME), the
world?s largest, to a muted reaction,
with contracts opening at $20,650 only
to drop 6 per cent within half an hour.
By yesterday afternoon, only 751 January futures contracts worth a notional
$70 million had traded in more than 12
hours of trading, compared with about
4,000 contracts worth just over $50 million during last week?s launch on the
Chicago Board Options Exchange.
CME bitcoin futures began trading at
11pm London time on Sunday evening.
They are settled based on a daily reference rate that is calculated from several
digital currency exchanges and published daily at 4pm London time. The
bitcoin futures price for the January
contract on the CME settled yesterday
at $18,500, down $600.
t least we?ve still got
bitcoin. No crackdown
yet from those killjoy
regulators, hell-bent on
stopping everyone?s fun
with insane gambling products.
Take binary options. Who could
object to an investment proposition
like that: an against-the-clock punt
on whether the price of gold or the
dollar, say, will go up or down in as
little as 30 seconds? Well, ESMA for
one. The European Securities and
Markets Authority is ?concerned?
such coin toss capers might not be
suitable for ?retail clients?, a bit of a
blow as they?re just about the only
people daft enough to bet on them.
ESMA?s threatening a retail ban by
next month ? and one backed by
the Financial Conduct Authority.
So, is that why the spread betters?
shares all fell, with IG Group down
9 per cent to 665p, Plus500 minus
11 per cent at 825p and CMC
Markets 13 per cent lower at 146緋
? far below February 2016?s 240p
float price? Not really. None are big
in binaries, the speciality of spivvier
unquoted firms, with Plus not even
offering them. But binaries were just
the tip of the regulatory iceberg.
What did for the shares was a
looming clampdown on leverage ?
one going further than the FCA?s
noodlings a year ago. Back then, the
UK regulator told of the dangers to
retail punters of ?contracts for
difference? ? a highly geared bet
on the future direction of shares,
indices or currencies. Wagers can
come with leverage of 200:1 or
more. Or to put it another way, you
need only put up 0.5 per cent, or
less, of your notional exposure ?
vastly magnifying wins or losses. In
some cases, leverage is 500:1.
No wonder the FCA found that
82 per cent of retail punters lost
their dough, with some experiencing
?a rapid, large and unexpected loss?.
So it suggested cutting maximum
leverage to 50:1 ? or 25:1 for novice
punters. Now ESMA is proposing
retail limits of as little as 5:1,
depending on the volatility of the
market, with a max of 30:1.
The likely upshot? A painful drop
in volumes ? one reason, perhaps,
that IG finds such limits both
?disproportionate? and counterproductive. It reckons they?ll ?push
retail clients? to ?unregulated firms
outside the EU?. It may have a
point, too, even if the industry only
has itself to blame for not seeing off
the regulators earlier with its own
measures to protect customers from
bets they don?t understand, bitcoin
CFDs being the latest case in point.
True, tougher regulation might
benefit the quoted trio, with smaller,
second-rate players driven to the
wall. But you doubt the regulators
will go away when IG boasts of its
latest ploy: re-categorising clients
representing more than half its EU
and UK revenues as ?professionals?
to circumvent the new retail rules.
Even ESMA might not fall for that.
Bitcoin?s niche
T
hey brought us tulipmania. So
who better than the Dutch to
sound the alarm over the
modern day equivalent? Teunis
Brosens, chief economist at ING
bank, has poked around bitcoin and
produced a ?cryptocurrency reality
check? ? not that he?s yet had
much of an effect on its price, only
just below its $19,000-plus highs
after yesterday?s futures debut on
the Chicago Mercantile Exchange.
Mr Brosens takes the ?optimistic
scenario? that bitcoin grabs
?substantial market share? in the
global payments market: 1 per cent
of the stock of ?narrow money?
(notes, coins and demand deposits)
topping $30 trillion last year. That
would leave the 17 million bitcoins in
circulation worth $18,000 apiece ?
below today?s price. Of course, if it
replaced the whole market, they?d
be worth $1.7 million each.
That?s ?quite unlikely?, he says.
First, because far from being the
?peer-to-peer electronic cash
system? designed by anonymous
creator Satoshi Nakamoto, today?s
bitcoin mantra is HODL - ?hold on
for dear life?. Exchange it widely and
regulators will get involved, insisting
on ?know your customer? checks, so
?greatly reducing the supposed
privacy advantages of using bitcoin?.
Then, there?s a lack of processing
power: bitcoin can do just seven
transactions per second, probably a
thousandth of what?s required.
Moreover, if your hard disk crashes,
you risk losing your coins, militating
against widespread take up, while
there?s a pervasive risk of cyber theft
or lookalike cryptocurrencies. And
what of the energy costs for mining
one coin ? the same as ?200
washing cycles?? Who pays for that?
Mr Brosens expects bitcoin to
return to ?being a niche product for
a select group of enthusiasts?. It?s
just a matter of when.
Down to Earthport
I
f only the London Stock
Exchange had thought of this:
the chairman and chief executive
merely swapping jobs, rather than
trying to do each other in. It?s the
ruse of cross-border payments
group, Earthport ? and all on the
eve of today?s LSE showdown
between chairman Donald Brydon
and investor Sir Chris Hohn over
the sacking of ex-chief Xavier Rolet.
Anyway, back at Earthport, it?s
just celebrated taking 31 per cent off
the shares with some musical chairs.
Hank Uberoi, chief executive since
2010, is the new executive chairman.
And the stand-in chief executive?
Phil Hickman, non-exec chairman
since 2010. Mr Uberoi gets more
time for strategising, while Mr
Hickman will run the show and
help find his own successor. And
what will he do when the new chief
executive arrives? Nobody has any
idea. Another top succession plan.
This sporting life
G
etting Brexit, Trump and the
June election wrong is one
thing. But what about Sports
Personality of the Year? The bookies
had boxer Anthony Joshua at 1-8
favourite and Mo Farah at 28-1. More
proof they can?t price voting
intentions, even for sporting polls.
alistair.osborne@thetimes.co.uk
46
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Tuesday December 19 2017 | the times
Business
Boeing?s orderbook did not suffer because of our jet, says Bombardier
Robert Miller
Boeing and Bombardier went head-tohead at a heated hearing of the American International Trade Commission,
one of the final steps in a trade dispute
expected to conclude in February.
The world?s largest aerospace company has accused Bombardier, its
smaller Canadian rival, of accepting
illegal government subsidies from
Canada and Britain to build its new
C-Series jet.
The US government sided with
Boeing in a claim brought this year and
imposed tariffs of 300 per cent on each
C-Series jet sold in the country.
The decision had political ramifications in the UK because Bombardier
has 4,000 staff in Belfast and is the
province?s largest private employer.
Wings for the C-Series are built there
and about 25 per cent of the plant?s staff
are involved in the C-series project.
Bombardier argued yesterday that
Boeing?s large 737 order book shows
there has been no adverse impact from
its C-Series jet.
?Boeing is making money hand over
fist. And with a backlog of 737 orders
years into the future, there are no signs
of difficulty on the horizon,? Peter Lichtenbaum, Bombardier?s representative,
said in opening remarks. If the ITC
rules in favour of Boeing, as it has so far,
it could effectively keep American airlines from using Bombardier?s C-Series
jet by imposing a levy of nearly 300 per
cent, one of the largest ever imposed for
a market-based economy, Boeing said.
If Bombardier wins, Chicago-based
Boeing says that its smallest 737 model
could face unfair competition from the
C-Series for decades.
David MacNaughton, Canada?s ambassador to the United States, warned
that a positive finding of material harm
to Boeing by the trade commission
could present a possible violation of
World Trade Organisation agreements
and prompt a more formal complaint
with the global trade group.
The US Department of Commerce is
due to finalise the proposed duties this
week.
Same old story from the
boardroom as average age
of directors exceeds 60
Dominic Walsh
The perception of Britain?s non-executive directors as a club for the ?pale,
male and stale? has been reinforced by
research into the boards of the biggest
quoted companies.
The average age of non-executive
directors in the top 150 companies in
the FTSE rankings topped 60 for the
first time this year, according to Spencer Stuart, the executive search group.
The firm said that the average age of
non-executives directors had risen by
2.4 years in the past decade to 60.3
years, showing that British boards were
steadily getting older.
According to its 2017 UK Board
Index, there has been a rise in the average age of executive and non-executive
directors, in stark contrast with boards
in many other European countries.
Boards in France, Italy, Netherlands
and Norway, in particular, were ?seeking the experience of younger directors
to tackle emerging issues such as cybersecurity and the rise of disruptive
technology?.
It said the rising age in the UK also
?hints at glacial progress in improving
board diversity, given that on average
female non-executives are 4.5 years
younger than their male counterparts?.
However, Will Dawkins, head of
Spencer Stuart?s board practice, said he
was encouraged that the proportion of
newly appointed non-executive directors serving on a quoted board for the
first time had jumped to more than
30 per cent.
?With 60 per cent of new executive
directors and 22 per cent of all new
directors below the age of 50, the average age of non-executive directors may
have hit its peak,? he said.
It cited Just Eat, the takeaway delivery operator that has just been promoted to the FTSE 100, as one of the
companies bucking the trend, with
50 per cent of the board under 50, with
an average age of 49.1.
Andrew Griffith, Just Eat?s interim
non-executive chairman, said: ?Just Eat
is an example that a younger board with
more digital experience can be at least
as valuable as age. As a consumer-tech
business with a younger customer base,
it?s crucial that the board have the skills
and even the vocabulary to engage
successfully.?
The percentage of female non-executive directors excluding chairmen is
34.7 per cent, up from 29.9 per cent in
2016, and 99 per cent of the top 150
companies have at least one female
director. Mr Dawkins said that the
number of female chief executives had
hardly changed in ten years and more
effort was needed to increase the
number of women in senior roles.
4yrs 26% 5% 60.3
Source: Spencer Stuart
Gloomy bosses fear for
job creation after Brexit
Tom Knowles Economics Correspondent
Britain?s biggest business lobby group
says there has been a ?substantial?
increase in companies who believe the
UK will be a less competitive place to
invest and create jobs in five years? time,
as concerns about their ability to hire
overseas workers grow.
In an annual survey of employment
trends by the CBI and Pertemps Network Group, the recruitment provider,
it has been revealed that a balance of
63 per cent of businesses thinks the UK
will become less competitive in the next
five years. This is up from a balance of
25 per cent of companies who thought
this in 2015 and 50 per cent in 2016.
The CBI speaks on behalf of 190,000
businesses of all sizes and sectors.
Together
they
employ
nearly
seven million people, about one third of
the private sector-employed workforce.
The survey, conducted between
August and September, shows that worries about the attractiveness of the UK
labour market are most widespread
among the businesses who employ
more than 5,000 employees with three
quarters of them worried.
Fewer than one in five of the 299
companies surveyed, employing a
combined one million plus, expect the
UK to become a more attractive location to invest and do business by 2022.
Neil Carberry, CBI managing director, said this downbeat assessment by
employers is down to a concern about
the future mobility of workers coming
in from the EU, and pessimism over
whether government will address this.
?Just having a system that is right on
Brexit day isn?t going to be enough,
which is why we have been so robust in
saying we need to offer a guarantee to
EU nationals already here,? he said.
?We are seeing people going back, we
are seeing more difficulty in recruiting
and there is a genuine concern that the
value that EU nationals deliver for the
UK in terms of supporting growth in
jobs, supporting the UK tax base and delivering our public services has been underplayed in political debates so far, and
these effects are being felt by members.?
The skills gap was the most promi-
nent worry facing businesses this year,
with 79 per cent citing this as a concern,
up from 64 per cent in 2016. Nearly half
of respondents said the uncertain access to labour supply was a key concern,
up from 35 per cent in 2016.
The UK unemployment rate is at a
42-year low of 4.3 per cent, but vacancies are at a record high as employers
struggle to find skilled workers. Although there is pessimism in the longterm, 51 per cent say they will recruit in
the year ahead, with confidence highest
among medium-sixed and small
companies.
Years of sluggish pay growth may be
ending. Inflation is at a five-and-a-halfyear high of 3.2 per cent, but pay is not
keeping pace, meaning that wages are
falling 0.4 per cent in real terms.
The CBI survey found 52 per cent of
respondents aim to raise pay in line
with, or above, inflation in the coming
year. This is less than the 57 per cent of
2016 but the CBI said the drop is small
relative to the significantly higher rate
of inflation and suggests a moderate
increase in average pay growth in 2018.
Average
tenure of
directors
Female
directors
Chairwomen
Average age of
non-executive
directors
Best global growth in seven
years to ?leave Britain behind?
Tom Knowles
The global economy is set to grow at its
fastest rate since 2011, propelled by
growth in the US, the eurozone and
Asia, but the UK is set to drag back
worldwide GDP, according to PWC.
In a report, the accountancy giant
said that the world?s GDP will grow by
almost 4 per cent in 2018, adding an
extra $5 trillion to global output.
Its report adds to the growing consensus among economic forecasters
that the global economy is due to show
its best growth in seven years next year.
That is likely to boost world trade, as
consumers will have more money to
spend on goods and services.
PWC said that output from America,
the eurozone, and Asian countries such
as Taiwan, Korea and Singapore, comprised 60 per cent of the world?s GDP in
2017 and this is expected to rise to almost 70 per cent next year.
Barret Kupelian, senior economist at
PWC, said: ?We expect global economic growth to be broadly based in
2018, rather than dependent on a few
star performers. While the growth outlook for 2018 is positive, there are some
downside risks for business to bear in
mind, including the progress of the
Brexit negotiations and wider discussions about the future of the EU.?
The 19-nation eurozone economy is
expected to grow by as much as 2.5 per
cent in 2018, with countries such as
Greece, Spain, Portugal and Ireland,
likely to be the main drivers.
Greece is expected to by free of its
bailout programme in August marking
the first year since 2009 where no eurozone economy is under surveillance by
the International Monetary Fund.
PWC added: ?By contrast . . . uncertainty relating to Brexit is expected to
drag on UK growth, expected to be only
around 1.4 per cent in 2018.? The UK
economy grew by 1.8 per cent in 2016.
Yet Britain?s lowest unemployment
rate since 1975 will underline PWC?s
forecast that unemployment in the G7
countries will go below its current rate
of 5 per cent to hit a 40-year low.
The global economy will be its most
?energy hungry? ever next year. The
world is on course to consume almost
600 quadrillion BTU, double its 1980
level and the highest level on record.
India and China together will consume about 30 per cent of global
energy, PWC has forecast.
the times | Tuesday December 19 2017
47
1G M
Business
Patrick Hosking
Philip Aldrick
Europe is daring to
think differently on a
post-Brexit settlement
Problem of multiple pension pots
will prove a disaster in slow motion
??
One of the great
experiments in
social engineering is
to be extended to
another 900,000
people. All 18 to 21-year-olds paid
more than �,000 a year are to be
automatically enrolled in pension
schemes of minimum standards, the
government said at the weekend.
Auto-enrolment has been such a
success in prodding everyone else into
retirement saving that ministers have
decided to extend it to teenagers.
Nine million people have been
?nudged? into thriftier ways since the
policy was introduced in 2012, so why
not include youngsters too?
As well as becoming eligible to vote,
buy alcohol, drive lorries and get
married without parental permission,
adolescents will pass another
milestone on their 18th birthdays ?
having their wages docked to pay for
a larger income in old age.
To them it will seem a weird nod to
a day impossibly far in the future, but
there?s a lot to be said for it. An extra
four years of pension contributions
from both employer and employee,
plus the tax relief, should make a
significant difference to Generation Z
by the time they reach retirement age.
A parallel reform also unveiled at
the weekend proposes that employee
and employer contributions are made
on every pound earned, not just on
pay in excess of �876. The two
changes together will move the dial.
The retirement pot of someone
earning the national living wage, say,
will be 82 per cent larger at
�,400, giving �300 a year in
pension income, a crucial
augmentation to the �300 full
state pension.
The reform also has the merit
of further normalising pension
saving. With opt-out rates
across the 22 to 65 age group
running at only 9 per
cent, auto-enrolment
has been astonishingly
successful. It always
seemed odd to exclude
those under 22. This
demographic should be
if anything even less
likely to opt out because
they often live with their
An extra four years of
contributions should
help Generation Z
parents and have fewer demands on
their take-home pay.
There?s also the fairness argument.
Why should 18 to 21-year-olds be
denied the employer contributions
and tax relief available to everyone
else? Seventy per cent of the age
group say auto-enrolment would be a
good idea, according to research by
Now: Pensions. With all the howls
about intergenerational unfairness,
this is one pensions anomaly that is
relatively easy to put right.
The same can?t be said for three
other demographics examined in the
new review ? the self-employed, the
over-66s and the 1.1 million people
with multiple jobs, who fall through
the cracks because all or some of their
jobs pay less than �,000 and
therefore do not trigger a requirement
on the employer to auto-enrol.
All of them have proved too hard to
fix, though the government has
promised to test ?targeted
interventions? for the self-employed.
Don?t hold your breath. The multiple
job holders will at least partly benefit
from the move to contributions on
every pound earned.
The exchequer will miss out on
revenue of �0 million a year
because of the increased tax relief,
while employers will have to cough
up an extra �4 billion a year in
contributions. The business
community?s calm response to the
proposals is largely because the
government doesn?t envisage them
coming in until the mid 2020s.
David Gauke, the pensions
secretary, is both cheeky and
premature in claiming, ?This
government has rebuilt the
UK?s savings culture?. Autoenrolment was conceived
under a Labour
administration and
implemented under the
coalition. And it?s big test
is yet to come. The
crunch dates are
April 2018, when
minimum
contributions are
ratcheted up from
2 per cent of
eligible pay to 5 per
cent, and April 2019,
when they are raised a
second time to 8 per
cent. Policymakers will
be watching opt-out
rates very closely.
One glaring omission from the
latest review is the growing problem
of multiple pots. Every time an
employee changes employers, they
start saving in a new pot ? unless the
new employer happens to use the
same provider as the old one. Over
the course of a career, they could
easily end up with a dozen pots.
The absence of any mechanism to
integrate all pots into a single, simple
large container is a future disaster in
slow motion. People will be faced with
a growing blizzard of information
from multiple providers ? usually
jargon-filled and incomprehensible.
One of the aims of auto-enrolment
was to get people to engage with their
savings, see how the tax relief,
employer?s contributions and magic of
compound interest can powerfully
inflate their value and so persuade
them to go on and save more.
Confusing annual statements from
different providers, with no consistent
way of conveying information and
referring to small amounts of money,
will have the opposite effect. It?s a
problem that will be exacerbated by
the reduction in qualifying age to 18.
Teenagers change jobs more
frequently than older workers.
The proposed ?pensions
dashboard?, a mechanism through
which people will be able to see their
pots aggregated, might be helpful if it
gets off the ground. But this doesn?t
address the underlying inefficiency
that people will soon by saving in
literally hundreds of millions of
ringfenced pots, all requiring their
own administration.
Worse, there is no mechanism for
good providers with friendly systems
to take business from the laggards.
Ultimately, employees should be able
to stick with the provider they like
and instruct their employer to
channel the contributions
accordingly.
Auto-enrolment has produced a
nice little windfall for the investment
industry, delivering it almost
� billion a year by 2019-20,
according to the Department for
Work and Pensions. It now needs to
work harder to solve
the multiple pots
problem, which is
going to fester with
every passing year.
??
Patrick Hosking is Financial Editor
of The Times
David Smith knows which
way the wind blows
W
hen it comes to
Brexit negotiations,
the UK has done
all of the hard work
so far. Whether on
the divorce bill, acceptance of
European Court of Justice
jurisdiction for EU citizens or
regulatory alignment to resolve the
Irish border conundrum, Britain has
made concessions. Brussels has dug
in, inflexible even on the schedule
for talks. As discussions move on to
trade and transition, will that start
to change?
Over the weekend, the reemergence of an old position paper
provided a glimmer of hope.
Writing for Project Syndicate, Jean
Pisani-Ferry, former economic
adviser to President Macron, urged
European policymakers to look
again at plans to use Brexit as a
catalyst for broader EU reform and
?Clinging to free
movement of labour
?is bad economics and
dubious politics??
create a looser ?continental
partnership?. His idea was simple
but revolutionary. A core of EU
states, mostly eurozone members,
would be ringed by a less integrated
outer circle. Those on the
periphery, including Britain, would
remain in the single market but in
control of immigration and outside
Brussels? political project. The quid
pro quo was that the UK accept
single market rules and pay into the
EU budget.
The paper was written by heavy
hitters. Alongside Mr Pisani-Ferry
was Norbert R鰐tgen, a political ally
of German chancellor Angela
Merkel, Sir Paul Tucker, a former
Bank of England deputy governor,
and the influential Bruegel think
tank. After publication in August
2016, though, they ?got a hell of a
beating?, as one insider put it, for
suggesting that any of the EU?s ?four
freedoms? (movement of goods,
services, capital and labour) might
not be inviolable.
After Mr Macron?s victory in
May, a wounded Mr Pisani-Ferry
said: ?This was written in a
previous life. And had no traction
whatsoever among the 27.? It?s
He?s written economic reports for Lloyds Bank and been a forecaster at the Henley Centre. Now, columnist
David Smith uses his insight and experience to predict future trends, ensuring that you?re well informed.
Don?t miss David Smith in The Times tomorrow
striking, then, that a man with the
ear of the French president has
resurrected the document.
European leaders did not want to
give Britain even a hint of
concession ?before the details of
the divorce were settled?, he said.
But times have changed, the
divorce agreed. ?This chapter is
now being closed, it is time for the
EU to make an ambitious offer to
Britain.?
With all the focus on
Westminster?s battles, it?s easy to
forget that Europe faces its own
struggles. Election results have been
kind to Brussels: the populists were
kept at bay in Germany, France and
the Netherlands. But the results
papered over the cracks. A third of
France voted for a eurosceptic.
Populist parties in Germany and the
Netherlands made huge inroads.
The far right are in government in
Austria and nationalists in charge in
Poland, Hungary and the Czech
Republic. Italy goes to the polls next
year with populists in pole position.
Yet, as Europe?s politics splinters,
the core states are vying for closer
integration. Mr Macron wants a
eurozone budget, finance minister
and parliament. Germany wants the
eurozone bailout fund beefed up to
prepare for the next sovereign debt
crisis. Reform is becoming more
urgent and a ?continental
partnership? could be the model for
a new tighter core and looser
periphery. The single market
?requires a degree of labour
mobility? but that ?does not imply
that all people must have the right
to look for a job in the country of
their choice?, Mr Pisani-Ferry wrote.
Clinging to free movement of labour
?is bad economics and dubious
politics?.
The idea is not without problems
for Britain. It presumes that only the
EU can strike trade deals, although
that could be subject to negotiation.
Britain would be a rule taker with
no voting power, but a deal could be
negotiated for financial services. For
it to work, not only would the EU
have to face its political reality but
both sides would have to make
concessions. Hopeful overstates the
proposal?s chances, but at least it is
getting an airing again.
Philip Aldrick is Economics Editor of
The Times
48
1G M
Tuesday December 19 2017 | the times
Business
ALAMY
Hohn?s move to unseat
LSE chairman set to fail
Harry Wilson City Editor
Tblisi to
lead way
for growth
L
ondon is
expected to
remain Europe?s
biggest urban
economy in 2035
despite fears that
Brexit will shrink it.
According to the
latest Global Cities
outlook from Oxford
Economics, Tblisi,
above, will be the
fastest growing
European city in
terms of GDP
between 2017 and
2035. However,
European cities are
forecast to be
collectively the
slowest growing in
any region and
Brussels, Hamburg,
Frankfurt, Vienna,
Barcelona,
Amsterdam and
Copenhagen will all
drop out of the global
top 100.
The billionaire hedge fund manager
behind a campaign to oust the chairman of the London Stock Exchange is
set to skip an investor meeting tomorrow at which his future will be decided.
With victory looking increasingly
less likely for The Children?s Investment fund, Sir Christopher Hohn is not
expected to turn up to a central London
hotel where shareholders will vote on
whether to keep or dump Donald Brydon as the exchange?s chairman.
Sir Christopher and TCI have been
agitating since early November for
Mr Brydon to go, but insiders conceded
late last week that the $17 billion hedge
fund was unlikely to secure enough
support to push out the LSE chairman.
Yesterday, it emerged that another
big investor, Standard Life Aberdeen,
would probably vote to retain Mr Brydon, joining the Qatar Investment
Authority, Blackrock and Aviva in privately indicating their support.
The row between TCI and the stock
exchange follows the announcement of
the departure of Xavier Rolet as chief
executive in November, which the fund
believes was against his will.
TCI had argued for shareholders to
be given a vote on retaining Mr Rolet
and removing Mr Brydon. However,
Mr Rolet?s exit with immediate effect at
the end of last month removed this op-
Sir Christopher Hohn is not expected
at a vote on Donald Brydon?s future
tion, leaving shareholders with a single
vote on Mr Brydon?s chairmanship.
None of the three main shareholder
advisory agencies has recommended
Mr Brydon?s eviction, though Pirc, the
UK-based investor proxy voting firm,
said its clients should abstain to register
their protest against the ?mismanagement? of Mr Rolet?s succession.
Writing to investor clients this
month, Pirc said that ?the board?s mismanagement of the CEO succession
strategy constitutes a major failure of
board leadership, undermining effective governance standards and reflects
badly on the role of the chairman?.
Mr Brydon is expected to win the
vote comfortably and remain in his post
until 2019 when he has agreed to step
down in an apparent concession to
disquiet over the handling of the departure of the former LSE chief.
TCI owns a 5 per cent stake and had
gathered support for its investor rebellion from Egerton Capital, which has a
3 per cent holding. Over the weekend, it
was reported that Lone Pine Capital,
another hedge fund, might also use its
shares to vote against Mr Brydon.
Even if it loses, it is not certain that
TCI will give up its fight to push out
Mr Brydon. The battle marks one of the
most vicious City rows in recent years
with the activist investor making allegations about the previous conduct of
Mr Brydon. The LSE has countered
that it has followed proper governance
procedures throughout the process and
that the regulatory authorities had
been kept informed at all times.
Since Mr Rolet?s resignation, David
Warren, the chief financial officer, has
taken over as interim chief executive
until a replacement can be found.
Mr Warren is a long-time exchange
industry executive and has a �2,000
?step-up? allowance from the LSE for
taking on the extra responsibilities.
Headhunters are exploring potential
permanent candidates for the job.
The LSE?s shares rose 10p to �.90
yesterday.
the times | Tuesday December 19 2017
49
1G M
Business
TRIUMPH
Overseas sales help
Triumph pick up speed
A
surge in the
sale of its
bikes around
the world has
helped profits
at Triumph Motorcycles
roar ahead by 50 per
cent (Robert Lea writes).
Britain?s largest
manufacturer of
motorbikes sold 63,400
units last year ? more
than 86 per cent in
overseas markets. The
9,400 it sold in the UK
represents a record for
the company, shrugs off
the gloom in the British
motorcycle trade where
sales this year have
fallen by 15 per cent and
puts Triumph as the
leading big bike brand in
the 500cc-plus sector,
accounting for more
than one sixth of all big
bike sales in the UK
where its best seller is
the new Tiger 800.
Triumph is the last of
the great British
motorbike brands
manufacturing in any
great volume. It employs
2,000 people worldwide,
800 of them at its plant
in Hinckley,
Leicestershire.
Sales volumes sent
revenues up 22 per cent
to �8.5 million and
pre-tax profits before
exceptional items up
from �.6 million to
�.7 million in the year
to June 30. Only two
years ago it was at
breakeven as it emerged
from years of
restructuring.
Hinckley produces
30 per cent of all
The vast majority of Triumph bikes were sold abroad. Fans include David Essex, top left, with the late James Hunt, the Formula One world champion
Triumph?s bikes, mostly
in the big bike segment,
makes key components
for its factories
elsewhere and houses
the company?s 250strong design and
development operation.
The rest of the
production is done in
Thailand with other
assembly-from-kit plants
in Brazil and India.
The company is
owned by John Bloor,
the housebuilding
magnate, who bought
the business out of
receivership in 1983. Its
chief executive is his son
Nick Bloor. Its interests
include the Triumph
Infor Rocket
Streamliner, which has
been chasing the speed
record for a motorcycle
on the salt flats of the
US midwest, and its
heritage includes being
the chosen ride of
American film stars
from Steve McQueen
and Marlon Brando to
George Clooney.
The company said that
in the past year it had
Toyota commits to manufacturing
5.5m electric cars a year by 2030
Robert Lea Industrial Editor
Toyota will be producing more than
5.5 million cars a year that will be electrified, in some way, by 2030.
In a significant shift in strategy, the
Japanese automotive giant previously
seen as the king of the hybrid electric
car has committed to producing more
purely electric vehicles.
Toyota is the first of the big three carmakers to put a number on the volume
of vehicles it believes it will produce
annually by the end of the next decade
that will be either hybrid-electrics,
plug-in hybrids, pure battery electric
vehicles or run on hydrogen fuel cells.
The Japanese group vies with Volkswagen of Germany and General Motors of the US to be the world?s largest
producer of cars. While VW, GM and
several other carmakers have made
commitments about the number of
models they will be electrifying in the
coming years, none of the big car
companies has made a specific commitment in terms of volume.
Many in the industry believe that, by
2030, about half the world?s car production will in some way be electrified as
the internal combustion engine running on petrol or diesel begins to be
phased out. Toyota declined to say how
big a proportion of its total annual
production run the 5.5 million cars
would be by 2030, but that forecast fiure
equates to more than half of its current
annual production.
It includes a commitment to make
ten pure-electric car models from the
early 2020s. That represents a shift in
Toyota?s thinking. It has previously left
its Japanese arch-rival Nissan to lead
the way on pure electric cars such as the
Nissan Leaf. Toyota?s change of
direction appears to have been prompted by the growing demand in China for
battery-powered vehicles
Toyota has been the world leader in
electrification since it started building
the Prius 20 years ago and its forecast
indicates the strength of its commitments across all electric technologies.
Toyota, founded 80 years ago, makes
about 10 million cars a year including its
upmarket Lexus brand. It has a factory
in Derbyshire that assembles hybrid
Auris compact hatchbacks.
The Prius is the classic hybrid-electric in which an internal combustion
engine charges an on-board battery so
that the vehicle can run on electric
power for up to 11 miles.
A plug-in hybrid electric vehicle
(PHEV), such as the rival Mitsubishi
Outlander, is charged up via an external electric lead and can do up to 33
miles on electric before the conventional engine kicks in.
Battery electric vehicles (BEVs or
pure electrics), such as the rival Nissan
Leaf, are beginning to claim journey
range of as much 150 miles on a single
electric charge from a garage-mounted
or street-side charging point.
Hydrogen fuel cell cars such as
Toyota?s new Mirai saloon act more like
a conventionally fuelled vehicle and
have a range of more than 300 miles
with a full tank of compressed
hydrogen.
Toyota said that in the 2020s there
would be a ?popularisation of electrified vehicles? and ?a significant acceleration in the development and launch?
of its electric ambitions.
It indicated that more than 1 million
of the 5.5 million would be zero-emission ? cars emitting no CO2 ? either
pure electrics or hydrogen cars.
It said that by 2025 all of its models
will have a form of electrified variant.
More crucially, the company stated:
?Toyota will accelerate the popularisation of BEVs with more than ten BEV
models to be available worldwide by the
early 2020s, starting in China, before
entering other markets ? the gradual
introduction to Japan, India, the United
States and Europe is expected.?
Americans aim to make a packet out of crisp brands
Dominic Walsh
Two of Britain?s most popular crisp
brands are to change hands in multibillion-dollar deals that will redraw the
American snacks market.
Hershey, the American chocolate
maker, announced a $1.6 billion takeover of Amplify Snack Brands, the
owner of Tyrrells crisps, while Campbell Soup said that it would pay $4.9 billion for Snyder?s-Lance, the company
behind Kettle potato crisps.
Hershey?s origins go back to 1886
when Milton Hershey, who had walked
away from two unprofitable confectionery ventures, had better luck with a
caramel company. He started making
chocolate eight years later and
launched the Hershey?s brand.
Amplify is a more recent business,
being created in 2015 to acquire a
majority stake in Skinnypop popcorn
and going on to swallow Paqui tortilla
chips, Oatmega protein bars and, in
September, Herefordshire-based Tyr-
rells crisps for �0 million. The acquisition of Amplify comes after the decision by Hershey?s last year to reject a
takeover bid from Mondelez International, the Oreos and Cadbury
maker, and lead consolidation of the
snacks market. It said that the deal
would create ?an innovative snacking
powerhouse?.
The deal values New York-listed
Amplify at $12 a share, a 71 per cent
premium to the undisturbed share
price, equating to an equity value of
$921 million. Including debt, the deal
will be worth $1.6 billion.
Meanwhile, Campbell Soup is paying
$50 a share for North Carolina-based
Snyder?s-Lance, a 27 per cent premium
to the undisturbed share price. The
$4.87 billion price tag does not include
debt. Snyder?s Lance, which started out
making pretzels in 1909, will become
part of the 147-year-old soup company?s
global biscuits and snacks division,
which includes Pepperidge Farm and
Arnott?s biscuits.
launched five new bikes,
including the popular
Bonneville Bobber
Black. ?In the face of
continuing challenging
economic and currency
conditions including
Brexit, Triumph Group
has performed strongly.?
Sellafield deal
gives Babcock
a rosy glow
Robert Lea
Babcock International, the fallen
FTSE 100 star, had its best day on the
stock exchange in months after it
announced that it has won another
nuclear contract with Sellafield.
Babcock said that its Cavendish Nuclear subsidiary had won a ten-year
design and manufacture contract at its
Rosyth marine base near Edinburgh, to
supply specialist and complex equipment for the containment of nuclear
materials. It said the contract is worth
� million in the initial three years.
Babcock is one of Britain?s largest
industrial companies employing 35,000
people and has annual revenues of
�8 billion. Its largest customer is the
Ministry of Defence. In addition to providing civilian engineering and maintenance services for the armed forces, it
has been a main contractor on the construction of the two new aircraft carriers
in Rosyth. Its Cavendish Nuclear division represents one eighth of the group?s
business and plays a key role in the clean
up of magnox nuclear energy sites.
The news sent shares in Babcock up
22p, or 3.2 per cent, to 706絧, their
highest in a month in which it fell out of
the premier index after a near-30 per
cent plunge since the summer.
The Sellafield contract is a boon
because it is not ministry work, according to analysts, and reminds investors
that Babcock is also an engineering
business and showed that its Rosyth
plant would remain busy. Sellafield is
run by the government?s Nuclear
Decommissioning Authority, which is
responsible for nuclear clean up in the
UK, dealing with spent nuclear fuels as
well storing nuclear materials.
550
1G M
Tuesday December 19 2017 | the times
Business
CORBIN & KING
Kwek defends bid for
Millennium & Copthorne
Council pension funds take 15% stake in Anglian Water
A group of five local authority
pension funds has bought a 15 per
cent stake in Anglian Water from
3i Infrastructure, netting a healthy
profit for the investment company.
3iInfrastructure said a consortium
composed of Dalmore Capital and
GLIL Infrastructure would be paying
�5 million for the stake, valued at
�8 million in September. Anglian
Water supplies water and sewerage
services to more than 6 million
customers in the east of England and
in Hartlepool.
Kwek Leng Beng, the Singaporean
billionaire attempting to take over
Millennium & Copthorne Hotels, has
defended his bid after a group of
investors argued that the offer was set
too low and sought to block the deal.
The chairman of City Developments,
which has offered to buy out minority
investors in the FTSE 250 hotelier for
620p a share, urged M&C investors in
a letter ?to consider the very material
premium and value? of its bid. Three
minority investors last week rejected
CDL?s offer for the 34.8 per cent of
M&C it does not already own,
arguing that the offer, which values
the business at �billion, does not
reflect its true worth. Mr Kwek said
the investment firms? argument was
?somewhat disingenuous? and based
on ?the false premise of unrealised
real estate value?. M&C shares slipped
0.3 per cent to 580p.
Third of sellers cut asking price to attract homebuyers
Sellers are cutting the asking price of
their properties in greater numbers
than at any time for five years to
attract buyers in a slowing market.
More than a third ? or 35.33 per cent
? of properties on the market in
England, Scotland and Wales were
reduced, representing the largest
proportion since August 2012,
according to Zoopla, the property
website.
The area with the highest
proportion of reductions is
Camberley in Surrey, where 53.52 per
cent of homes were reduced, with an
Compass boss on course
for �0,000 basic salary
Dominic Blakemore, deputy chief
executive of Compass Group, will see
his basic salary increase from
�0,000 to �0,000 from April
when he succeeds Richard Cousins as
chief executive of the FTSE 100
caterer. The group said that this was
?well below? the �07 million paid to
his ?fully experienced? predecessor,
but Mr Blakemore could receive
higher than average rises in future.
He will be entitled to a bonus of up to
200 per cent of salary and long-term
incentives worth up to 300 per cent.
In the year to the end of September,
Mr Cousins saw his remuneration fall
from �82 million to �62 million,
while Mr Blakemore?s package fell
from �46 million to �3 million.
Gary Green, head of its successful US
business, saw his total package rise
from �13 million to �6 million.
average reduction of �,382 per
property. This was followed by
Kingston-upon-Thames (51.31 per
cent of homes, with an average cut of
�,244), Richmond (50.52 per cent,
reduced by �,445) and Watford
(49.29 per cent, reduced by �,668).
In London 39.45 per cent of homes
were discounted, up from 36.67 per
cent in July. A total of 15.73 per cent
of homes in Edinburgh were reduced,
while Salford in Greater Manchester
(18.64 per cent), Glasgow (21.62 per
cent) and Manchester (24.66 per cent)
remained buoyant.
Corbin & King to expand after Thai group?s takeover
An upmarket restaurant group popular
with London?s captains of industry will
be expanded across Britain and
overseas after being swallowed by a
Thai hotel company in a deal valuing
the business at � million.
Corbin & King, which runs venues
including The Wolseley, above, and
Brasserie Z閐el and has a turnover of
� million, has sold a majority stake
to Minor International, the Bangkoklisted operator of the Anantara, Avani
and Tivoli hotel and resort brands.
The company, led by the veteran
restaurateurs Chris Corbin and
Jeremy King, appointed PMB Capital
in the spring to canvass interest in a
majority stake, including the 45 per
cent acquired in 2012 by Graphite
Capital for � million. It had been
assumed that it would go to another
private equity firm but at a recent
industry conference, Mr King had
said it was in talks with a trade buyer.
Corbin & King has seven
restaurants and a London hotel, The
Beaumont. Mr Corbin and Mr King,
who will remain shareholders, made
their names at London restaurants
including The Ivy and Le Caprice.
Minor Hotels, founded in 1978, has
157 hotels in 24 countries.
Sumo Digital races towards �5m London float
Sumo Digital, the video games
developer behind hits such as Sonic
and Sega All-Stars Racing and Little
Big Planet 3 has confirmed plans for a
�5 million stock market flotation.
The Sheffield-based company, set up
in 2003, priced an initial public
offering on AIM at 100p per share,
with its listing to take place tomorrow.
Sumo?s management and Perwyn, the
private equity firm, will retain a
43 per cent stake. Perwyn will make
�.7 million just over a year after
buying Sumo from rival Northedge.
Business to Business
Business Opportunities
Business Services
Business For Sale
Book your
advertisement or
announcement now
Use our self-service
website and follow
the simple steps.
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7 daysk
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the times | Tuesday December 19 2017
51
1GM
Business
JASON ALDEN/BLOOMBERG/GETTY
The Tic Toc channel will
be broadcast on Twitter?s
Periscope live streaming
app with ten-minute
bulletins every hour
Bloomberg
clocks an
opportunity
on Twitter
relevant in an era when
many get their news
exclusively from
smartphone apps and at
a time when Google and
Facebook dominate the
digital advertising
market. It will enable
Bloomberg to extend its
digital influence beyond
its cable news network
and take on rivals such
as CNN.
Bloomberg is hiring
50 people to work on Tic
Toc, which will
broadcast a live tenminute news at the top
of the hour every hour
that can be instantly
replayed. The channel
will be supported by
advertising, initially
from seven sponsors,
including Goldman
Sachs and AT&T
Business, who are each
reportedly paying about
$3 million. Revenue will
be shared with Twitter.
M
ichael
Bloomberg
is at it
again
(Alexandra
Frean writes). His career
has been built on an
unshakeable belief in
the power of data and
analytics and an
uncanny knack for
knowing how best to
deliver it to paying
customers.
He is attempting to
apply this formula to
social media with the
launch of a 24-hour
news network called Tic
Toc built for Twitter?s
Periscope live streaming
app and aimed at the
next generation of
mobile-first news
consumers.
Bloomberg provides
financial professionals
with prices, analysis and
news and has grown
rapidly since it was
founded by Mr
Bloomberg in 1981. It
has been a pioneer of
getting its expertise and
products online and the
majority of its audience
and revenues come from
its digital channels as
opposed to its terminals,
which cost users $2,000
a year per feed. Its
partnership with Twitter
is an extension of this.
Tic Toc will feature
live video and reporting
Disney?s $66bn bid for Fox
?short-changes Sky investors?
Alexandra Frean
Walt Disney?s $66 billion bid for
21st Century Fox is short-changing
investors in Sky, a veteran hedge fund
manager warned yesterday.
Crispin Odey, who is among the
British pay-TV company?s top 20
shareholders, said that the broadcaster should fetch a higher price than the
�.75 per share on offer from Fox,
suggesting �.30 as appropriate.
In December 2016, Fox agreed to
buy the 61 per cent of Sky that it did
not already own, but the �.7 billion
deal has been a delayed by a regulatory review and has faced criticism from
British politicians, who questioned
whether Fox was a fit and proper
entity to own a British TV company.
The deal was further complicated
last week by Disney?s offer to buy a
package of assets from Fox. If approved by regulators, Fox?s takeover
of Sky is expected to close by the end
of next June, before the Disney deal
completes. This means that Sky
would become part of the Disney
empire, should that bid be successful.
Rupert Murdoch, chairman of News
Corporation, owner of The Times, is
co-chairman of 21st Century Fox
with his son Lachlan. James Murdoch, his younger son, is chief executive of 21st Century Fox and chairman of Sky. Mr Odey is a former son
in law of Rupert Murdoch.
Mr Odey said that the Fox offer of
�.75, a 40 per cent premium to the
Sky share price the day before it was
made, now ?starts to look like it?s not
a very good price?. ?Basically, here is
Fox being bought out on 12 times
cashflow,? Mr Odey said. ?If we [Sky
shareholders] were being sold on 12
times cashflow we?d be at �.30.?
His comments follow concerns
raised by another small shareholder
in Sky, Reade Griffith, co-founder of
the Polygon hedge fund. ?If Disney
had agreed to buy the 39 per cent Sky
stake directly from Fox, minority
shareholders in Sky would have been
entitled to an increase in the �.75
per share price already being offered
by Fox to the price being offered by
Disney. We believe this price to be
above � per Sky share,? he said.
Mr Griffith noted that Bob Iger,
Disney?s chief executive, had called
the Sky stake the ?crown jewel? of the
Fox assets he was buying.
The Takeover Panel stipulates that
an investor buying 30 per cent or
more of a listed company must make
an offer for the rest of the shares,
although exemptions can be made.
Last week the panel said Disney had
informed it that it did not believe it
should be forced to make an offer for
Sky if Fox is blocked from buying out
the remaining 61 per cent.
The panel is seeking the views of
Sky?s independent directors before
making a decision on that.
Mr Griffith has contacted the
panel to argue that Disney?s acquisition of the Sky stake represents ?a significant purpose? of the takeover and
that the mandatory obligation should
apply to protect Sky shareholders.
Sky, Fox, Disney and the Takeover
Panel declined to comment. Sky
shares closed up 0.5 per cent at �.23.
Glaxo raises stake in Saudi operation
Marcus Leroux
Glaxosmithkline has boosted its
stake in its Saudi Arabian unit to
75 per cent as the drugmaker seeks to
benefit from the kingdom?s plan to
transform its economy and increase
the local manufacturing of pharmaceutical products.
Healthcare is one of several sectors
the kingdom wants to reform under
its 2030 plan to diversify the economy away from a reliance on oil
under plans instigated by Mohammed bin Salman, its crown prince.
Glaxo, which has been led by
Emma Walmsley since March, had
turnover last year of � billion from
operating in 150 markets. About
36 per cent of its revenue was gener-
Emma Walmsley is keen to take
Glaxo back to its scientific roots
ated outside of its core American and
European markets.
Before the acquisition, Glaxo
owned 49 per cent of Glaxo Saudi
Arabia, a business formed in 1992
with local partner Banaja KSA Holding Company. In addition, Glaxo
plans to invest more than 900 million
riyals (�9 million) in its Saudi operations over the next three years. It
plans to expand production at its
Jeddah site by 30 per cent.
Increasing local manufacturing is
one of the goals behind the crown
prince?s ?Vision 2030? plan. Andrew
Miles, Glaxo?s vice-president and
general manager in the Gulf states,
said: ?Today, 80 per cent of our
portfolio is locally manufactured in
Jeddah.?
from Bloomberg
journalists around the
world, as well as
breaking news content
and comment from
Twitter users, with the
company?s editors
verifying the facts in
tweets as they come in.
The new channel is
part of a drive by
Bloomberg to stay
California and
the Golden West
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552
Tuesday December 19 2017 | the times
1G M
Business Unit Trusts
The Times unit trust information service
Sell
Buy
+/-
Yld
%
For Abbey National see Santander
For Allchurches see Ecclesiastical
ALLIANZ GLOBAL INVESTORS
Inv Serv: 020 7065 1400 Helpline: 0800 317 573
Gilt Yield A ?@
Strategic Bond Fund ?@
UK Corp Bond C ?@
UK Eqty C ?@
UK Eqty Inc A ?@
UK Gwth A ?@
UK Index A Inc ?@
UK Mid Cap A ?@
180.94
151.10
104.79
6317.26
300.07
5759.76
1423.81
5068.21
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.18
-0.15
-0.78
-14.91
+2.82
+27.94
-5.83
+66.36
1.25
0.54
3.87
3.28
4.15
1.17
3.01
0.13
1699.16
112.59
107.27
381.84
31.13
278.40
134.75
101.09
108.86
85.67
447.57
241.67
76.80
87.88
101.65
61.46
101.46
61.17
586.66
1773.60
623.92
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1.76
0.76
0.76
0.84
0.43
0.82
3.44
3.54
?
5.43
3.74
3.85
4.27
?
3.35
3.43
3.34
3.40
1.62
0.94
1.47
AXA FRAMLINGTON UNIT MGMT LTD
Dling: 0845 602 1952 Priv Clients: 0845 777 5511
Equity Inc ?@
572.40
Gilt Acc @
201.30
Gilt Inc @
74.35
Health Acc ?@
1838.00
Jap Smlr Co Ac @
62.56
Managed Inc ?@
143.10
Monthly Inc Inc ?@
268.50
UK Growth Inc ?@
210.60
UK Select Opps Inc ?@ 1924.00
UK Sml Cos Inc ?@
288.50
?
211.80
78.24
?
66.09
?
?
?
?
?
-2.70
+0.10
-0.39
+21.00
-0.19
-3.00
+1.90
+2.30
+14.00
+1.40
4.43
1.08
1.09
?
0.30
4.95
4.33
1.50
0.21
0.04
AXA FUND MANAGERS LTD
Admin & Enq 0117 989 0808
AXA Trusts
Gen Acc ?@
Gen Inc ?@
2101.00
1079.00
?
?
+6.00
-2.00
2.64
2.70
UK/Global Investment Companies
Euro Acc A ?@
Extra Inc Inc B ?@
Global Gwth Acc R ?@
Japan Acc A ?@
Pac Gwth Acc A ?@
257.40
91.09
215.70
167.80
464.50
?
?
?
?
?
150.50
564.80
575.60
234.30
1.62
1.33
0.94
1.19
1.85
152.80
?
584.40
237.90
+1.70
+6.90
+6.20
+1.80
?
1.19
1.50
4.42
CLOSE FUND MANAGEMENT LTD
0870 606 6402
Beacon Inv ?
84.88
?
+0.35
0.01
Dealing: 020 7426 6232
Winchester ?
2748.36
?
+18.46
1.37
EDENTREE INV MGMT LTD
0800 358 3010
Amity European A ?
Amity International A ?
Amity Sterling Bond A ?
Amity UK A Inc ?
Higher Income A ?
UK Equity Growth A ?
280.10
278.10
109.20
240.60
140.00
285.40
?
?
?
?
?
?
+4.00
+3.20
+0.10
+2.80
+1.00
+3.50
1.46
1.18
4.59
1.34
4.22
1.22
Corporate Bond ?@
Ethical ?@
European ?@
Far Eastern ?
Fund of Inv Tst ?@
Intl Gwth ?
Japanese ?
North Amer ?
Smaller Cos ?@
Special Sits ?@
UK Equity Inc ?@
UK FTSE 100 IT ?@
UK FTSE All-S IT ?@
UK Growth ?@
Yld
%
2275.00
28.12
3916.00
1918.00
149.50
378.20
51.06
327.60
79.37
37.48
107.35
3976.00
69.75
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
327.60
?
?
?
?
72.18
+33.00
+0.01
+46.00
+18.00
+0.20
+6.60
+0.31
-0.10
+0.81
+0.03
+1.04
+32.00
+0.53
1.15
3.00
0.05
?
0.08
?
3.94
0.21
2.42
2.93
2.35
0.89
0.44
?
?
?
?
?
?
15.24
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
36.05
81.09
89.00
104.20
114.60
88.14
63.26
88.59
112.50
48.28
86.02
59.68
68.24
79.34
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.04
+0.45
+1.36
+0.70
+1.00
+0.95
+0.95
+1.03
+1.50
+0.36
+0.84
+0.53
+0.65
+0.82
Amer Ind Acc ?@
Amer Ind Inc ?@
Euro Ind Acc ?@
Euro Ind Inc ?@
FTSE 100 Ind Acc ?@
FTSE 100 Ind Inc ?@
FTSE 250 Ind Acc ?@
FTSE 250 Ind Inc ?@
FTSE All-S Acc ?@
FTSE All-S Inc ?@
Jap Ind Acc ?@
Jap Ind Inc ?@
Pac Ind Acc ?@
Pac Ind Inc ?@
515.30
442.10
884.40
636.30
226.70
122.60
268.90
185.10
582.80
350.70
125.00
106.60
386.20
274.60
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+5.60
+4.80
+13.00
+9.40
+2.00
+1.10
+3.80
+2.60
+5.60
+3.40
+1.70
+1.40
+0.60
+0.50
Balanced Acc ?@
217.60
Balanced Inc ?@
145.70
Corp Bd Acc ?@
282.70
Corp Bd Inc ?@
125.60
Gilt & Fd Int Acc ?@
468.00
Gilt & Fd Int Inc ?@
73.60
Income Acc ?@
661.50
Income Inc ?@
335.80
Monthly Inc Acc ?@
302.40
Monthly Inc Inc ?@
150.60
UK Grth & Inc Ret B Acc ?@136.70
UK Grth & Inc Ret B Inc ?@73.69
UK Gth & Inc Acc ?@
136.70
UK Gth & Inc Inc ?@
73.69
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+1.50
+1.10
+0.40
+0.20
+0.40
+0.07
+6.50
+3.30
+2.10
+0.60
+1.30
+0.72
+1.30
+0.72
Buy
+/-
Yld
%
Cautious Managed A Acc ?@420.67
Cautious Managed A Inc ?@277.54
Diversified Growth A Acc ?@133.66
Diversified Growth A Inc ?@146.21
Diversified Income A Acc ?@306.45
Diversified Income A Inc ?@80.49
Emerging Mkts Blended Debt A Acc ?@119.78
Emerging Mkts Blended Debt A Acc Gross ?@125.82
Emerging Mkts Blended Debt A Inc ?@92.92
Emerging Mkts Equity A Acc ?@149.09
Emrg Mkts Local Curr Debt A Acc ?@184.90
Emrg Mkts Local Curr Debt A Inc ?@98.51
Emrg Mkts Local Curr Debt Gross I Acc ?@220.49
Enhanced Natural Resources A Acc ?@120.77
Global Bond A Acc ?@
139.30
Global Bond A Inc ?@
109.33
Global Bond I Gross Inc ?@1167.00
Global Dynamic A Acc ?@ 154.23
Global Energy A Acc ?@ 190.59
Global Equity A Acc ?@ 158.02
Global Franchise A Acc ?@201.48
Global Free Enterprise A Acc ?@925.83
Global Gold A Acc ?@
121.57
Global Special Situations A Acc ?@274.55
Global Special Situations A Inc ?@216.78
Managed Growth A Acc ?@238.54
Monthly High Income A Acc ?@222.89
Monthly High Income A Inc ?@70.11
Multi-Asset Protector A Acc ?@176.41
Strategic Bond A Acc ?@ 244.54
Strategic Bond A Inc ?@ 119.47
Target Return A Acc ?@ 105.58
Target Return A Inc ?@ 92.91
UK Alpha A Acc ?@
2465.53
UK Blue Chip A Acc ?@ 770.11
UK Smaller Companies A Acc ?@4602.73
UK Smaller Companies A Inc ?@4172.91
UK Special Situations A Acc ?@1199.52
UK Special Situations A Inc ?@460.79
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.93
+0.61
+0.20
+0.23
+0.64
+0.17
+0.74
+0.20
+0.58
+1.30
+1.43
+0.76
-0.05
+1.06
+4.03
+3.00
+29.78
+1.76
-0.24
+1.85
+1.82
+12.09
+0.23
+2.54
+2.00
+0.61
+0.04
+0.02
+0.41
+0.19
+0.09
-0.33
-0.29
+19.59
+3.15
+31.13
+28.21
+6.62
+2.54
?
?
0.83
0.88
2.86
4.25
4.62
4.21
6.48
0.36
5.18
7.10
5.42
0.60
0.83
0.82
1.26
0.27
1.32
0.42
1.68
0.23
?
?
?
0.08
5.25
6.57
0.15
1.94
3.31
0.68
0.67
1.59
1.67
0.93
0.94
1.50
1.52
For ISIS Asset Mgmt see F&C Fd Mgmt Ltd (OEICS)
New Europe A ?@
Portfolio ?@
Stg Corp Bd A Acc ?@
Stg Corp Bd A Inc ?@
UK Act 350 A Acc ?@
UK Dynamic Acc ?@
UK Dynamic Inc ?@
UK Equity A Acc ?@
UK Equity A Inc ?@
UK Eqy & Bd Inc Acc ?@
UK Eqy & Bd Inc Inc ?@
UK Higher Inc A Acc ?@
UK Higher Inc A Inc ?@
UK Sm Cos A Acc ?@
UK Str Eq Inc A Acc ?@
UK Str Eq Inc A Inc ?@
US A Acc ?@
US Sm Cos A Acc ?@
Sell
Buy
+/-
Yld
%
209.80
268.70
94.43
56.90
199.00
199.70
158.40
401.90
46.44
167.10
90.29
1085.00
574.90
463.30
189.30
113.50
1042.00
608.70
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+1.10
+1.20
+0.11
+0.06
-2.20
+2.00
+1.60
+0.60
+0.07
-0.20
-0.48
+13.00
+6.80
+1.90
+2.30
+1.40
+13.00
+10.30
1.84
0.62
1.41
1.90
?
1.35
1.36
3.45
3.49
2.41
3.50
4.22
4.36
0.62
2.49
3.72
?
?
JUPITER UT MGRS LTD
020 7581 3020
Absolute Return @
54.01
Distribution and Growth @131.38
Emg Euro Opps @
213.84
Euro Special Sits @
424.14
European @
2120.45
Financial Opps @
604.20
Income Trust @
570.63
Merlin Bal (Acc) @
182.37
Merlin Gwth (Acc) @
405.04
Merlin Inc (Acc) @
296.54
Merlin Wwide (Inc) @
293.24
UK Growth @
323.55
UK Special Sits (Inc) @ 190.21
57.08
139.25
226.61
448.20
2233.04
638.28
602.74
192.60
426.95
313.95
308.64
343.32
201.46
-0.11
+1.07
+1.74
+5.43
+21.14
+4.13
+4.07
-0.29
-1.00
-0.41
-0.37
+1.88
+1.45
?
4.02
1.49
0.59
?
0.29
3.67
1.72
?
2.91
?
1.24
1.25
LEGAL & GENERAL (UT MGRS) LTD
Enquiries: 0870 050 0955 Dealing: 0870 050 0956
Equity Acc @
Equity Dist @
Euro Ind Acc @
Euro Ind Inc @
Fixed Int Acc @
2616.00
893.80
402.70
290.00
140.70
2639.00
902.00
402.70
290.00
141.40
-8.00
-2.70
+5.20
+3.80
+0.20
2.12
2.15
1.82
1.86
2.71
1.33
1.34
2.66
2.70
2.26
2.27
3.89
4.01
3.72
3.65
3.54
3.65
3.54
3.65
Sell
American Index Retail Acc ?@515.30
American Index Retail Inc ?@442.10
Asian Gth Acc ?@
152.30
Asian Gth Inc ?@
135.80
Chinese Eq Acc ?@
563.30
Chinese Eq Inc ?@
478.30
Euro Gth Acc ?@
869.80
Euro Gth Inc ?@
745.60
+0.05
+1.00
+11.00
+0.01
+4.10
+3.10
+0.04
+0.02
?
?
+5.10
-0.50
-0.20
+25.00
?
?
+9.40
2.89
?
0.83
2.99
3.31
?
4.93
3.56
3.18
3.37
?
0.93
0.67
1.11
3.25
3.34
0.33
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+5.60
+4.80
+0.20
+0.10
+4.00
+3.30
+11.60
+10.00
1.41
1.43
0.40
0.49
0.20
0.21
1.38
1.42
322.55
262.17
393.13
99.69
403.88
475.71
331.53
83.98
275.04
49.06
130.89
71.96
95.54
498.71
756.24
628.94
340.42
276.69
414.92
?
426.26
502.07
349.90
88.64
290.28
51.78
138.15
76.96
100.84
526.34
798.14
663.79
-3.34
-0.93
-1.40
-0.89
-3.57
-4.21
-3.09
-0.29
-0.92
-0.03
-0.06
+0.17
-0.11
-2.81
+1.64
+1.36
?
1.52
1.49
4.77
2.18
2.24
0.12
4.43
4.32
0.94
0.66
1.30
0.58
1.34
0.15
0.21
INSIGHT INVESTMENT FDS MANAGEMENT LTD
Client Servs: 0800 124 314
Insight Investment Global Investment Funds
Mthly Inc Bd Inc ?@
Mthly Inc Bd N Inc ?@
48.44
91.99
?
?
+0.10
+0.19
Insigt Investment Portfolio Fund
Insight Investment Multi-Manager Funds (0800)
96.05
93.79
?
?
-0.32
-0.36
UK Str Inc N/Trl ?@
551.88
?
+3.83
3.15
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+3.69
+0.21
+3.45
+3.62
+13.46
+0.01
+0.21
+1.67
+5.86
+6.68
+0.04
1.95
2.88
3.38
3.63
3.48
0.02
4.57
1.79
1.93
0.26
?
INVESCO PERPETUAL Funds
Childrens Acc ?@
462.16
Corp Bond Acc ?@
203.40
High Income Inc ?@
458.89
Income & Grth Inc ?@
436.31
Income Inc ?@
1757.04
Money Acc ?@
90.40
Monthly Inc Plus Inc ?@ 111.51
UK Aggressive Inc ?@
204.52
UK Growth Acc ?@
672.62
UK Sml Cos Eqty Acc ?@ 1237.14
UK Sml Cos Gwth ?@
82.54
American A Acc ?@
357.81
Asia ex Japan A Acc ?@ 661.85
Capital Accumulator A Acc ?@237.01
0.01
?
0.26
0.14
0.12
INVESCO FUND MGRS LTD
Dling: 0800 085 8571 Inv Serv: 0800 085 8677
Brkr Serv: 0800 028 2121
INVESCO Funds
Amer Spec Sits ?@
American ?@
Euro Opps ?@
+13.00
+28.00
+6.40
?
4.21
?
?
?
+4.08
+5.82
+0.86
0.12
0.70
1.14
+/-
Yld
%
+0.04
?
+0.10
+0.30
+2.10
+1.20
+1.80
+3.20
+1.80
+1.10
3.10
3.02
3.31
3.40
3.44
3.39
0.61
0.17
MANEK INVESTMENT MGMT LTD
0844 800 9401
Growth Fd Acc @
40.61
42.79
MARKS & SPENCER UNIT TRUST LTD
0808 005 5555
High Income
High Income Acc
UK 100 Comp Acc
UK 100 Cos
UK Select Pflo
UK Selection Port Acc
Worldwide Mgd Acc ?
Wwide Mgd ?
116.30
262.20
376.80
221.10
351.60
637.10
819.20
512.10
116.30
262.20
376.80
221.10
351.60
637.10
?
?
MORGAN STANLEY INVESTMENT MGMT LTD
Enquires: 0800 0961 962
The Morgan Stanley Funds (UK)
Class A Shares
Equity
Eur (Ex UK) Eq A Acc ?@1310.92
Glob Brands A Acc ?@ 8245.40
UK Eq A Acc ?@
1184.53
?
?
?
+4.24
+93.81
-0.02
1.25
1.06
1.66
?
?
?
+2.34
-3.80
?
1.95
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.10
+1.50
+2.00
+1.90
+1.90
+4.20
+2.70
2.94
1.97
5.61
2.98
3.79
3.06
3.14
+19.93
+3.15
+4.80
+0.43
+30.48
+4.86
+6.23
+14.14
-7.28
+6.78
1.37
1.15
0.16
0.56
1.36
1.17
0.24
2.83
?
2.89
Fixed Income
Stg Corp Bd A Acc ?@
UK Ind Lnkd A Acc ?@
UK Long Bd A Acc ?@
Bal Pfolio Inc ?@
Bal Port Gwth Acc ?@
Equity Inc Inc ?@
N&P UK Gwth Inc ?@
Stkmkt 100 Tkr ?@
UK Growth Acc ?@
UK Growth Inc ?@
109.20
205.00
223.30
185.20
217.50
398.30
248.20
SCOTTISH MUTUAL INV MNGRS LTD
0141 248 6100
European Inc
Far Eastern Inc
Intl Growth Inc
Japanese Inc
Mutual European
Mutual Far Eastern
Mutual North Am
Mutual UK Eq
Nth American Inc
UK Equity Inc
1469.71
539.47
596.50
41.85
2246.64
832.01
1983.00
1351.54
1227.65
647.69
1551.15
569.36
629.55
41.85
2371.12
878.11
2092.88
1426.43
1295.67
683.58
203.30
185.70
141.00
227.60
221.60
?
?
?
?
?
0.50
1.02
1.03
0.44
0.46
2465.00
?
+6.00
0.89
322.20
189.30
?
?
+1.80
+1.00
2.99
3.07
?
?
+0.60
+1.20
+0.63
+1.40
+0.50
?
-1.60
-0.90
+1.00
+6.00
1.91
1.94
1.17
5.30
5.45
3.97
4.07
?
3.18
3.23
2.63
1.61
UK and Income Investment Funds
Corp Bond A Acc ?@
318.40
Corp Bond A Inc ?@
129.80
Envir Invtr A Acc ?@
283.20
Hi Inc Bond A Ac ?@
233.20
Hi Inc Bond A Inc ?@
89.55
Hi Res A Acc ?@
360.80
Hi Res A Inc ?@
137.00
Safety Plus A Acc ?@
40.49
Strat Inc A Acc ?@
203.90
Strat Inc A Inc ?@
102.50
UK Gwth A Acc ?@
187.60
UK Sel Gwth A Acc ?@ 1933.00
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
OEIC B Class
Tracker and Specialist Investment Funds
All Stks Credit A Inc ?@ 136.00
Asian Div Inc U Trst Inc @107.36
Cautious Man Fd A Acc ?@266.00
Cautious Man Fd A Inc ?@154.20
China Opp Fund A Acc ?@1449.00
Emg Mkts Opps Fd A Acc ?@209.80
Erpn Grth Fund A Acc ?@ 241.80
Erpn Sel Opps Fd A Acc ?@1680.00
Fix Int Mnthly Inc Fd Acc @29.45
Global Equity Fund Acc @3047.35
Global Equity Income A Inc ?@62.86
Global Tech A Acc ?@ 1671.00
M-Asset Abs Ret A Acc ?@141.80
M-Man Active Fd A Acc ?@224.10
M-Man Inc Grth A Inc ?@ 155.60
M-Man Inc Grth Fd A Acc ?@176.80
Sterling Bond U Trst Acc @223.76
Sterling Bond U Trst Inc @ 66.49
Strategic Bond A Inc ?@ 127.20
UK Abs Ret Fd A Acc ?@ 158.10
UK Alpha Fund A Acc ?@ 150.80
UK Index Fund A Acc ?@ 625.50
UK Irsh Sm Co Fd A Acc ?@651.50
UK Property A Acc @
220.85
UK Property A Inc @
100.12
UK Tracker Fund A Acc ?@281.10
US Growth Fund A Acc ?@999.70
?
112.79
?
?
?
?
?
?
30.73
3178.62
?
?
?
?
?
?
233.41
69.35
?
?
?
?
?
232.46
105.38
?
?
+0.10
-0.49
+1.50
+0.90
+13.00
+3.60
+3.80
+23.00
+0.02
+50.45
+0.76
+23.00
+0.20
-0.60
-0.10
-0.10
+0.23
+0.07
+0.10
+0.40
+1.60
+6.00
+3.80
+0.18
+0.08
+2.50
+10.50
2.38
6.42
3.18
3.24
?
0.58
0.83
0.56
4.73
?
3.24
?
0.43
0.38
2.01
1.98
2.24
2.27
4.12
?
1.85
2.10
?
2.94
3.00
2.13
?
JP MORGAN ASSET MGMT
OEIC
Asia A Acc ?@
210.70
Emerging Mkts ?@
229.30
Eur Dyn (ex-UK) A Acc ?@229.20
Euro Smllr Cos ?@
765.70
Europe A Acc ?@
1487.00
Gbl Hi Yld Bd A Acc ?@ 111.20
Gbl Hi Yld Bd A Inc ?@
37.66
Gl ex-UK Bd A Acc ?@ 264.20
Gl ex-UK Bd A Inc ?@
205.60
Glb Fins A Acc ?@
1077.00
Global A Acc ?@
1360.00
Japan A Acc ?@
457.70
Multi-Man Tst A Acc ?@ 994.50
Multi-Man Tst A Inc ?@ 914.70
Nat Resources ?@
591.40
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+1.50
+2.30
+3.20
+11.80
+21.00
+0.10
?
+0.10
?
+1.00
+12.00
+7.20
+9.70
+8.90
+3.40
0.22
0.16
0.71
0.04
1.06
5.44
5.64
0.44
0.43
1.03
?
?
0.66
0.67
?
Fixed Int Dist @
Glob Gwth Acc @
Glob Health Acc @
Glob Tech Acc @
Gwth Tst Acc @
High Inc Acc @
Japan Ind Acc @
Pacific Ind Acc @
UK 100 Ind Acc @
UK Active Opps Acc @
UK Index Acc @
UK Index Dist @
US Ind Acc @
Worldwide Acc @
72.87
238.70
66.14
40.74
106.00
128.20
62.39
156.70
183.80
249.90
289.90
165.00
463.40
307.70
73.27
238.70
66.26
40.79
106.50
129.10
62.39
156.70
183.80
252.90
289.90
165.00
463.40
307.70
+0.08
+0.60
+0.01
+0.15
-1.00
?
+0.85
+0.80
+1.60
-0.10
+2.80
+1.60
+2.30
+1.90
2.76
1.17
0.57
0.24
0.17
5.17
0.83
2.34
3.00
?
3.11
3.19
0.85
0.70
M & G SECURITIES
Enq: 0800 390 390 Dealing Line: 0800 328 3196
Authorised Inv Funds
Charifund Inc ?
1620.39
?
+13.33
4.66
+2.86
+2.68
0.20
1.80
+5.89
+0.07
+0.02
+0.27
+0.75
?
+31.67
4.38
1.25
4.94
?
3.40
1.64
2.04
+0.03
+0.69
+1.31
+2.93
3.80
4.64
1.93
2.22
Sterling Class A Investment Funds 1
Euro Smlr Cos Acc ?@
Euro Smlr Cos Inc ?@
438.54
409.77
?
?
Sterling Class A Investment Funds 2
Extra Income Inc ?@
797.03
Gilt & Fxd Int Inc ?@
99.03
Gl Hi Yd Bd Inc ?@
51.51
Index Linked Bd Inc ?@ 142.70
Index Trckr Inc ?@
76.53
Short Dated Corp Bd Inc ?@25.95
UK Select A Inc ?@
2999.07
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
Sterling Class A Investment Funds 3
Corp Bd A Inc ?@
Dividend Inc ?@
Recovery A Inc ?@
Sml Cos Inc ?@
41.69
64.03
143.26
370.17
?
?
?
?
Sterling Class A Investment Funds 4
Episode Allocation A Inc ?@149.20
?
+0.84
2.04
UK Trkr B Acc ?@
UK Trkr B Inc ?@
348.90
188.50
?
?
+2.00
+1.00
3.47
3.55
+0.10
?
+1.10
+6.00
2.10
2.13
2.48
1.82
+0.80
+7.00
2.99
2.04
UK and Income Investment Funds
Corp Bond B Acc ?@
327.80
Corp Bond B Inc ?@
129.70
UK Gwth B Acc ?@
200.90
UK Sel Gwth B Acc ?@ 2012.00
?
?
?
?
UK Gth C Inc ?@
143.00
UK Sel Gwth C Acc ?@ 2088.00
?
?
STANDARD LIFE INVESTMENTS
0845 279 3003
Investment Funds (OEIC) - Retail Shares
96.95
58.16
103.40
147.80
166.50
64.05
200.40
131.00
173.30
132.30
132.30
49.12
106.10
271.10
88.81
54.50
342.30
223.90
255.80
87.97
196.70
243.20
223.00
693.90
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.11
+0.07
+0.10
+2.10
+0.30
+0.13
+0.50
+0.60
+0.80
+0.80
+0.10
+0.01
+1.90
+2.10
+0.05
+0.02
+1.20
+0.50
+1.00
+0.36
-0.70
+0.90
+0.80
+2.20
1.41
1.30
1.82
?
3.07
2.80
1.48
1.17
1.15
0.01
3.62
3.41
0.04
1.67
1.45
1.24
2.29
2.80
3.91
4.03
1.46
0.39
0.40
0.50
?
?
?
+0.42
+0.40
+0.22
1.68
1.70
2.04
SVS BROWN SHIPLEY FUNDS
Enquiries: 0141 222 1151
Balanced A Acc ?@
Balanced A Inc ?@
Cautious A Acc ?@
Yld
%
104.74
269.24
255.01
284.97
226.72
231.01
98.35
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.21
+0.98
+0.93
+1.01
+0.64
+0.17
+0.07
2.06
1.03
1.03
1.09
2.82
2.68
2.73
UK Oseas Earns ?@
127.28
?
+1.23
1.96
113.20
151.80
79.43
?
?
?
+0.40
+0.80
+0.61
1.31
0.88
3.91
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.05
-0.10
+0.07
+0.06
+0.89
+0.85
+0.01
+1.50
+0.63
+0.72
+1.69
+1.26
+3.32
1.05
3.55
3.05
2.68
4.04
3.49
4.71
1.70
3.85
4.41
1.77
1.67
0.15
713.70
219.40
+7.70
+1.00
1.50
?
Managed Funds
Def Eqty & Bd Acc ?@
Eqty & Bd Acc ?@
Mgd Income ?@
121.19
115.29
112.02
Stg Bd Ret Inc ?@
Strat Bd Ret ?@
UK Corp Bond ?@
UK Corp Ret ?@
UK Eqty Inc Ret ?@
UK Gwth & Inc Ret ?@
UK Hi Yld Bd 1 ?@
UK Inst Acc ?@
UK Mnthly Extra Inc ?@
UK Mnthly Inc Ret ?@
UK Retail ?@
UK Sel Retail ?@
UK Smaller Cos ?@
57.87
47.25
62.74
62.63
95.74
93.00
43.20
162.27
81.06
76.28
141.59
133.04
356.19
For Resolution see Ignis
TU FUND MANAGERS LIMITED
British
European
678.10
210.70
* Yield expressed as CAR (Compound Annual Return);
? Ex dividend; ?Middle price; . . . No significant data. #
Periodic charge deducted from capital; @ Exit charge
British funds
Stock
Price
Int Yld Grs rd
(�) +/?
% yld
110.25
375.17
129.11
375.56
120.33
123.71
141.49
130.56
380.69
160.84
155.43
279.09
150.12
179.24
175.22
185.39
171.11
177.31
209.86
169.21
209.26
206.26
279.34
218.70
225.36
263.05
264.78
281.36
105.27
365.15
120.93
362.50
113.65
116.42
131.92
121.38
360.17
147.76
141.90
258.68
134.83
161.03
155.61
162.56
148.24
151.89
179.64
164.20
176.95
171.51
231.25
176.93
181.37
208.77
204.60
214.78
Tr IL 0V% 19
105.27
Tr IL 2K% 20
365.18
Tr IL 1Y% 2022 * 121.02
Tr IL 2K% 24
365.52
Tr IL 0V% 24
114.21
Tr IL 0V% 26
117.98
Tr IL 1N% 2027 * 134.03
Tr IL 0V% 29
124.00
Tr IL 4V% 30
368.26
Tr IL 1N% 2032 * 151.73
Tr IL 0O% 34
146.45
Tr IL 2% 35
271.09
Tr IL 0V% 36
140.85
Tr IL 1V% 2037 * 167.29
Tr IL 0X% 40
163.16
Tr IL 0X% 42 * 172.02
Tr IL 0V% 44
158.31
Tr IL 0V% 46
162.82
Tr IL 0O% 2047 * 191.81
Tr IL 0V% 48
169.11
Tr IL 0K% 50 * 190.40
Tr IL 0N% 52
186.36
Tr IL 1N% 2055 * 250.83
Tr IL 0V% 56
194.49
Tr IL 0V% 58 * 199.75
Tr IL 0W% 62
231.82
Tr IL 0V% 65
230.21
Tr IL 0V% 68
242.56
?
+
?
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
.01
?
.02
.07
.03
.05
.07
.08
.12
.09
.07
.20
.13
.14
.18
.20
.19
.20
.22
.21
.23
.24
.27
.23
.20
.26
.13
.15
?
1.75
1.60
1.48
?
?
1.02
?
1.75
0.82
?
0.90
?
0.71
?
0.36
?
?
0.40
?
?
?
0.55
?
?
?
?
?
?2.53
?2.38
?2.15
?1.98
?2.00
?1.88
?1.86
?1.79
?1.77
?1.76
?1.72
?1.70
?1.70
?1.70
?1.70
?1.69
?1.64
?1.62
?1.62
?1.61
?1.62
?1.62
?1.62
?1.61
?1.62
?1.64
?1.65
?1.67
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
.16
.17
.15
.21
.21
.22
.22
.19
.21
.26
.19
.27
.27
.31
.24
.34
.31
.36
3.14
3.00
?
3.07
2.90
?
2.88
?
?
2.70
?
2.60
?
2.41
?
?
?
?
1.56
1.61
1.69
1.66
1.69
1.70
1.72
1.74
1.74
1.73
1.71
1.67
1.62
1.58
1.56
1.54
1.52
1.51
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
.02
?
.02
.07
.07
.07
.09
.10
.11
.13
.11
.13
?
?
?
?
3.89
?
?
?
3.29
4.02
3.39
3.12
0.56
0.70
0.81
0.89
0.90
0.97
1.05
1.18
1.15
1.21
1.37
1.46
+
?
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
?
+
+
+
?
.01
.01
?
?
.02
.01
.02
.03
.04
.02
.02
.02
?
4.95
?
4.05
3.55
?
4.34
?
?
6.37
3.50
?
?
0.34
0.26
0.44
0.39
0.40
0.48
0.42
0.46
0.53
0.55
0.59
0.70
0.84
Longs (Over 15 years)
145.88
144.09
102.52
157.27
148.88
150.88
159.30
133.83
140.40
160.53
97.05
166.78
159.09
179.39
107.38
179.15
135.86
173.27
137.39
135.06
94.03
147.02
138.53
140.01
147.69
122.79
128.60
147.28
87.23
152.46
144.06
162.01
94.40
160.08
117.79
150.82
Tr 4K% 34
Tr 4N% 36
Tr 1{ }% 37
Tr 4O% 38
Tr 4N% 39
Tr 4N% 40
Tr 4K% 42
Tr 3N% 44
Tr 3K% 45
Tr 4N% 46
Tr 1K% 47
Tr 4N% 49
Tr 3O% 52
Tr 4N% 55
Tr 1O% 57
Tr 4% 60
Tr 2K% 65
Tr 3K% 68
143.10
141.54
100.95
154.49
146.42
148.33
156.30
131.49
137.94
157.34
95.21
163.63
156.13
176.06
105.45
175.94
133.30
170.16
Mediums (5-15 years)
OEIC C Class
UK and Income Investment Funds
AAA Inc CAT Acc ?@
AAA Inc CAT Inc ?@
AAA Income Acc ?@
Amer Eq Gth Acc ?@
Corp Bond Acc ?@
Corp Bond Inc ?@
Euro Eq Gth Acc ?@
Glb Advtg CAT Acc ?@
Glob Advtg Acc ?@
Glob Eq Uncstrd Acc ?@
Higher Inc Acc ?@
Higher Inc Inc ?@
Japan Eq Gth Acc ?@
Managed Acc ?@
Select Inc Acc ?@
Select Inc Inc ?@
UK Eq Gth Acc ?@
UK Eq Hi Alpha ?@
UK Eq Hi Inc Acc ?@
UK Eq Hi Inc Inc ?@
UK Ethical Acc ?@
UK Opps Acc ?@
UK Opps Inc ?@
UK Smlr Cos Acc ?@
+/-
Index-linked
+0.60
+0.20
+0.20
+1.20
+1.00
Tracker and Specialist Investment Funds
JANUS HENDERSON INVESTORS
Investors Serv: 0800 832 832 Dlng: 0845 946 4646
Buy
THREADNEEDLE INVESTMENTS
Client Serv: 0800 0683000
Intermediary Serv: 0800 0684000
Institutional Shares (Class 2) (163500,000 min)
12 month
High
Low
Overseas Growth Investment Funds
UK Trkr A Acc ?@
UK Trkr A Inc ?@
Cautious A Inc ?@
Dynamic A Acc ?@
Dynamic A Inc ?@
Growth A Acc ?@
Income A Acc ?@
Sterling Bond Acc ?@
Sterling Bond Inc ?@
Sell
Retail Shares (Class 1)
2484.90
1350.60
1288.90
SANTANDER UNIT TST MGRS
08457 413002
Bal Port A Acc ?@
Caut Port A Acc ?@
Caut Port A Inc ?@
Opps Port A Acc ?@
Prog Port A Acc ?@
IGNIS ASSET MGMT
Dlg: 0141 222 8282
American Gth Inc @
Balanced Growth @
Balanced Growth Acc @
Corporate Bond ?@
European Growth @
European Growth Acc @
Glob Gwth @
Higher Yield @
Higher Yield Acc @
Japan @
Managed @
Managed Trust @
Mngd Pfolio Inc @
Pacific Grth @
Smaller Comp @
Smaller Cos @
Buy
SCOTTISH WIDOWS UNIT TRUST MGRS
0845 300 2244
Authorised Inv Funds (OEICs)
OEIC A Class
Managed Investment Funds
HSBC Specialist Investment Funds (OEIC)
INVESTEC FUND MGRS
Broker Support and Dealing: 020 7597 1900
OEIC Series i,ii,iii, & iv
?
?
?
1.41
1.43
2.29
2.34
3.45
3.58
2.35
2.41
3.35
3.48
1.42
1.44
2.40
2.46
Sell
HSBC Investment Funds (OEIC) - Retail Share Class
FIDELITY INTERNATIONAL
Private Clnts 0800 414161 Broker Dlgs 0800 414181
1562.00
3768.00
514.10
3.10
0.69
1.82
1.91
0.30
1.39
1.26
1.01
0.92
1.43
4.34
2.75
2.61
2.77
HSBC GLOBAL ASSET MGMT (UK) LTD
Enq: 0845 745 6123 Dlg: 0845 745 6126 Mon-Fri 8-6
HSBC Index Tracker Investment Funds (OEIC)
Well Bldr Bal Acc ?@
Well Bldr Gwth Acc ?@
F & C FUND MANAGEMENT LTD (OEICS)
Enqs: 0870 601 6183 Dealing: 0870 601 6083
Share Class 1 - Retail
Corporate Bd ?@
59.17
Emerging Mkts ?@
124.70
Euro Gwth & Inc 1 ?@ 1067.00
Extra Inc Bond ?@
49.56
FTSE All-Shr Track ?@ 422.90
Global Gwth SC1 ?@
205.60
High Inc Trst @
14.49
Max Inc Bond ?@
49.47
Multi Man Caut ?@
70.41
Multi Man Distr ?@
60.44
North Amer ?@
522.90
Pacific Gwth ?@
444.40
Strategic Bd ?@
195.50
UK Equity ?@
3246.00
UK Gwth & Inc Acc 1 ?@ 658.50
UK Gwth & Inc Dist ?@ 234.70
UK Smaller Cos ?@
972.90
+/-
Eur Sel Gth A Acc ?@
+3.30
+0.41
+2.50
+2.10
+2.50
CIS UNIT MANAGERS LTD
08457 46 46 46
European Gwth @
Sus Leaders ?@
UK Growth @
UK Income @
Buy
HALIFAX INVESTMENT FUND MGRS LTD
01296 386 386
Authorised Inv Funds
Share Class `C
ARTEMIS FUND MGRS LTD
0800 092 2051
Authorised Inv Funds
Capital R Acc @
1609.87
Euro Opps R Acc @
106.62
Euro Opps R Inc @
101.59
European Growth R Acc @361.81
Global Energy R Acc @
29.39
Global Growth R Acc @ 263.90
Global Income R Acc @ 127.70
Global Income R Inc @
95.80
Global Select R Acc @
103.18
High Income R Inc @
80.58
Income R Acc @
422.15
Income R Inc @
227.95
Monthly Dist R Inc @
72.49
Strategic Assets R Acc @ 83.10
Strategic Bond R M Acc @ 95.92
Strategic Bond R M Inc @ 58.00
Strategic Bond R Q Acc @ 95.75
Strategic Bond R Q Inc @ 57.73
UK Growth R Acc @
554.73
UK Smaller Cos R Acc @ 1653.10
UK Special Sits R Acc @ 588.56
European ?@
Extra Income ?@
Glob Spec Sits ?@
Global Focus ?@
International ?@
Japan ?@
Moneybldr Bal ?@
Moneybldr Glob
Moneybldr Gwth ?@
Moneybldr Inc ?@
Moneybldr UK Ind ?@
Special Sits ?@
Wealthbuilder
Sell
115.39
107.31
110.88
115.27
132.93
110.19
105.54
102.29
133.03
153.92
143.86
139.13
111.46
104.32
107.25
111.00
127.29
105.19
99.90
98.24
126.26
146.44
136.21
131.47
Tr 3O% 21
Tr 1O% 22
Tr 2N% 23
Tr 2O% 24
Tr 5% 25
Tr 2% 25
Tr 1K% 26
Tr 1N% 27
Tr 4N% 27
Tr 6% 28
Tr 4O% 30
Tr 4N% 32
111.72
104.86
108.05
112.13
128.62
107.67
103.67
100.65
129.16
149.11
140.08
136.24
Shorts (under 5 years)
101.87
105.95
104.21
109.80
109.84
106.05
114.50
112.70
104.73
133.42
118.04
100.70
101.30
100.50
101.02
102.01
104.97
105.69
103.74
109.51
108.76
102.67
125.51
113.78
97.83
?
Tr 1N% 18
Tr 5% 18
Tr 1O% 19
Tr 4K% 19
Tr 3O% 19
Tr 2% 20
Tr 4O% 20
Tr 3O% 20
Tr 1K% 21
Tr 8% 21
Tr 4% 22
Tr 0K% 22
Tr 0O% 23
100.54
101.02
102.08
104.97
105.71
103.92
109.55
108.86
102.97
125.55
114.15
99.10
99.51
* maturities as having a 3-month indexation lag and
which trade on a real clean price basis, excluding inflation
adjustment charge.
This is a paid for information service. For
further details on a particular fund, readers
should contact their fund manager.
Data as shown is
for information
purposes only. No offer is made by
Morningstar or this publication
the times | Tuesday December 19 2017
53
1G M
Working Life Business
STARTING OUT Deirdre Hipwell meets two entrepreneurs whose goal is to turn their affordable womenswear business into the next online retail giant
Friends? shared passion for fashion paid off
JOEL GOODMAN FOR THE TIMES
A
li Hall and Julie Lavington
met 11 years ago when
they were both hired by
Time Inc to launch a new
women?s magazine. Ms
Hall was the journalist hired to edit
the magazine while Ms Lavington was
to provide the commercial nous as
publishing director. The magazine
start-up, called Look, delivered a
debut circulation of just over 318,000
in February 2007, making it the most
successful magazine launch in two
decades.
Now, the duo, who are much better
acquainted having run Look for a
decade, are embarking on another
venture in a crowded market ?
Sosandar, an online clothing retailer
for fashion-conscious women ?who
have outgrown? rivals aimed at
younger customers, such as Asos or
Boohoo.
The retailer aims to provide a range
of fashion options for women aged
over 30 who may want sleeves on
their dresses, or skirts with longer
lengths, as well as outfits that are
flattering for both work and leisure.
The young company?s wares have
already attracted the likes of Hollie
Willoughby, presenter of This
Morning, and Fearne Cotton, the TV
and radio presenter, who wore a
Sosandar leopard-print dress that has
been in constant demand ever since.
Sosandar listed on AIM, London?s
junior market, last month in a slightly
unusual fashion ? a reverse takeover
of Orogen, a gold exploration
company-turned-cash shell which
bought the online fashion retailer?s
parent, Thread 35, for �3 million.
Ms Hall and Ms Lavington are cochief executives of the listed business
and have raised more than �million
from the listing, which is to be
ploughed into expanding the online
retailer?s ranges and marketing.
The Cheshire-born Ms Hall said
that she and Ms Lavington, 43 and 52
respectively, have already shown that
they can thrive when starting a new
concept from scratch.
?Look was a blank piece of paper.
We had to come up with the idea, test
it in the market and then launch,?
explained Ms Hall, who studied
English at the University of Liverpool
before becoming a fashion journalist.
Have a vision . . . and believe
Self-belief is the most important
attribute any entrepreneur can have
when starting a new business, says
Julie Lavington, co-founder of
Sosandar, the online fashion retailer.
She said that when she and her
business partner, Ali Hall, launched
Sosandar they ?never for a minute?
feared they would fail to raise the
hefty sums of money needed to get
the venture off to a flying start.
?It was very hard work and a lot of
presentations but we raised the
[initial] �million we needed to
manufacture the collection, build
the website, employ the staff, find an
office and build the studios,? Ms
Lavington said.
Raising equity capital can prove
distracting for entrepreneurs
because it means splitting their
focus between launching the
business and running around having
meetings. Ms Lavington says: ?Be
methodical when something goes
wrong ? just find a way around it.?
Why not start the company on a
shoestring? Both Ms Lavington and
Ms Hall, who claim they have ?never
had a row? in more than a decade of
working together, say ambitious
thinking has informed the launch of
Sosandar since day one. ?We have
always had a vision that this
business is going to be big,? says
Ms Lavington.
Ali Hall and Julie Lavington moved from London to Wilmslow to start their business. ?Failure is not an option,? says Ms Hall
Ms Lavington, who grew up in
Lancashire, said that when Look
launched it quickly became the
biggest-selling fashion magazine in
the UK because it did things
differently from its rivals.
?The majority of fashion magazines
were quite elitist, but Look
championed the high street,? she says.
?We photographed it like designer
fashion, using the same
photographers and the same models.?
Both women feel that they know
more about fashion than simply
having run a women?s magazine that
covered the subject; they regularly
teamed up with retailers from Oasis
to Office to create fashion collections
under the Look name.
Ms Lavington says: ?We were
leading the design team and were
heavily involved in deciding what
fabric the clothes were made in and
where they were manufactured and
so that is when we really started to
make this leap from media into retail.?
Having realised they could ?do this
ourselves?, and having spotted a gap
in the market for well-designed,
affordable fashion for women over 30,
the duo resigned from Look on the
same day in October 2015. ?We
walked out of Time Inc straight into
Ali?s spare room,? says Ms Lavington.
Sosandar ? the name is derived
from Sundar, the Hindi word for
beautiful ? was launched after
raising an initial �6 million from
about 40 high net worth individuals,
including Nigel Wray, the chairman
of Saracens Rugby Club.
It then raised a further �3 million
through the reverse takeover last
month. Ms Hall and Ms Lavington
own about 5 per cent of Sosandar?s
shares each. The online retailer began
trading last September and is on track
to hit �million turnover in the year
to February. Analysts have forecast
that Sosandar could reach �million
of turnover in the second year and hit
� million by year five. Both Ms Hall
and Ms Lavington say that the
?building blocks are in place? to turn
Sosandar, which is valued at about
� million, into the next blockbuster
online fashion retailer.
Sosandar is attracting more and
more women who had ?graduated
from the younger price-led brands?
but still wanted to buy trend-led
fashion that did not break the bank,
Ms Hall says. An average dress at
Sosandar, which has its own in-house
designers, costs about � and its
average transaction, or ?basket size?,
is � ? significantly higher than
Boohoo?s �.76 average and Asos?s
�.
?Failure is not an option for us as
both Julie and I gave up good jobs to
launch Sosandar,? says Ms Hall. ?We
both sold our houses and moved to
another area [London to Wilmslow].
We uprooted our whole lives so there
was no way this couldn?t work.?
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554
1G M
Tuesday December 19 2017 | the times
Business Markets
news in brief
Tempus
Buy, sell or hold: today?s best share tips
Hannam?s profits rise
The boutique investment bank set
up by one of London?s top natural
resources financiers recorded a
28.8 per cent rise in revenues in
the year to the end of March.
Hannam & Partners, founded by
Ian Hannam, a former senior
banker at JP Morgan Cazenove,
reported turnover for its latest
financial year of �44 million,
accounts filed with Companies
House show. Profits at the
Mayfair-based advisory firm rose
12.4 per cent year on year to
�2,125. The bank said its results
were ?satisfactory and anticipate
continued strong growth?.
Alliance turnaround starts to pay off
alliance trust
Interim dividend
6.58p
Taken on trust
Value of top ten
holdings �8.1m
A
fter years of upheaval and
boardroom struggles,
most investors in Alliance
Trust would doubtless
welcome a return to its
core principles of picking growth
stocks and raising its dividend.
The �billion investment trust has
made quite significant progress in its
efforts to do just that this year. It
received backing from its
shareholders in February to buy back
the 19.75 per cent stake owned by
Elliott Advisors, the activist
investment group that had laid seige
to its boardroom for several years
after first taking a holding in 2012.
It was a symbolic end to one of the
trust?s most tumultuous periods.
Alliance was formed in 1888 in a
merger of three mortgage and landowning companies in Dundee. It still
has its headquarters there but is now
a FTSE 250 constituent with
operations in Edinburgh and London.
Elliott had been was dissatisfied
with its performance and believed
that the cost base was too high. It
raised concerns over the pay package
of Katherine Garrett-Cox, when she
was chief executive. Its campaign,
which was supported by other
shareholders, led to the departure of
most of the board, including Ms
Garrett-Cox and Karin Forseke, the
chairwoman.
Lord Smith of Kelvin joined as
unilever
Turnover nine
mths to Sept 30
?40.9bn (up 3.1%)
Q3 dividend 3.11p
P
aul Polman could be forgiven
for breathing a hefty sigh of
relief this Christmas. The chief
executive of Unilever, the consumer
goods giant, has not had an easy
year. After fighting off an attempted
�5 billion takeover bid by Kraft
Heinz in February, Mr Polman, who
has been at the helm of the company
since 2009, was forced into a frenzied
charm offensive, as he battled to
persuade shareholders that his
strategy was working.
Nothing concentrates the mind
% growth
Alliance Trust share price
MSCI All Countries World Index
NAV/share
140
120
100
Top ten holdings,
 (% of total portfolio)
Microsoft
45.6 (1.7%)
United Health Group
40.4 (1.5%)
Alphabet
80
60
40
44.3 (1.7%)
Oracle
37.5 (1.4%)
Charter Communications 36.6 (1.4%)
Baidu-ADR
CVS Caremark
35.7 (1.3%)
34.5 (1.3%)
Western Union 32.0 (1.2%)
20
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
0
Airbus
31.4 (1.2%)
Ryanair
30.1 (1.1%)
chairman in January 2016 with a
mandate to lead a turnaround and
review operations. As part of the new
approach the board is made up
entirely of non-executive directors.
This year shareholders approved a
deal to sell the management division,
Alliance Trust Investments, to
Liontrust Asset Management; the
portfolio will be run by separate
managers around the world. Willis
Towers Watson was brought in to
manage that process and the trust
began to implement the changes
started in April. This initially involved
the sale and purchase of shares worth
�5 billion in an overhaul which
meant that only 4.6 per cent of the
portfolio was retained.
The Alliance board committed to
maintaining its progressive dividend
policy, which has 50 years of
unbroken growth, and is looking to
outperform the MSCI All Countries
World Index by 2 per cent. So far the
outsourcing strategy, which involves
eight active fund managers all
like money, they say. And many
investors felt that the Anglo-Dutch
owner of Dove soap, Ben & Jerry?s
ice cream and Surf laundry
detergent, was flabbier than they
would have liked. If they were not
going to accept a juicy takeover offer
backed by Warren Buffett, what was
Mr Polman going to do to inject
some vim into the company?s
sluggish recent performance?
With high costs, flat sales in
developed markets such as the US
and growing competition from
independent rivals tuned in to a shift
in consumer tastes away from the
kind of mass-market brands in which
Unilever specialised, Mr Polman has
been forced to grasp the nettle. As
well as a cost-cutting drive, this week
that strategy bore fruit for the first
time with the �billion sale of the
group?s margarine and spreads
business to KKR, the US private
equity firm. The deal, which includes
the disposal of I can?t believe it?s not
Butter and Flora, marks the biggest
step so far in tightening up the
group?s portfolio of brands and
meeting Mr Polman?s pledge to
investors to boost returns to 20 per
cent by 2020.
It also marks the end of an era for
Unilever, which was formed after the
merger of Margarine Unie of the
Netherlands with the UK?s Lever
Brothers in 1929. The unit had sales
of ?3 billion last year and earnings
ADVICE Buy
WHY Early performance of its
new regime is encouraging
and there appears to be
further upside in the short and
medium term as that beds in
picking their favourite stocks,
appears to be paying off.
The return from the trust?s equity
portfolio was 2.4 per cent ahead of its
benchmark for April to November.
The share price is on an upward
curve. It was 685p at the end of
March; in recent days shares have
been changing hands for about 740p.
The biggest changes to the
holdings have been completed but
there are still exits and additions.
Alliance trimmed its exposure to
Safran, the French aerospace and
security conglomerate, and Nielsen,
the data management group, last
month. Anthem, the health insurer,
and Tencent, the Chinese internet
company, moved into its top 20
holdings on the back of its own
strong growth. Alliance recently
added positions in Fleetcor
Technologies and Nvidia, both
technology ventures based in the US.
The trust is trying to narrow the
discount at which its shares trade
relative to the value of its holdings.
Before the current regime the
discount was a double digit
percentage but in recent months it
has been about 5.3 per cent. To cut it
further the trust continues to
purchase its shares for cancellation.
Research from Winterflood shows
that Alliance was the largest buyer of
its own shares in the investment trust
sector this year with �3 million of
purchases; two thirds of that relates to
the Elliott deal. Demand for buybacks
has fallen since April but it gives
shareholders another option should
they wish to reduce their stake.
Uber faces EU verdict
Judges at the European Court of
Justice in Luxembourg will decide
tomorrow whether Uber, the ridehailing app, is a digital company
or one providing transport
services. EU law protects online
services from undue restrictions
and national governments must
notify the European Commission
of any measures regulating them
so that it can ensure they are not
discriminatory or
disproportionate. Transport
services are regulated at national
and local level.
Bank?s chairwoman
Monte dei Paschi di Siena, Italy?s
fourth-biggest bank which was
rescued from the brink of
collapse by a state bailout, has
named a new chairwoman and
board to help steer a course to
recovery. Shareholders have
appointed Stefania Bariatti as
chairwoman to replace
Alessandro Falciai, who decided
to leave the bank citing personal
reasons. Monte dei Paschi posted
a net loss of ?3 billion in the first
nine months, with writedowns on
loans totalling about ?4.8 billion.
before interest, tax, depreciation and
amortisation of ?680 million.
Sprexit, as it has been dubbed by
City wags, should help to sharpen
Unilever?s focus on more profitable,
high-growth brands. The foods and
refreshment business will be merged
into a single unit to help simplify the
business.
The deal shows Unilever?s
willingness to take tough action,
which should bode well for its future.
Insurer?s housing boost
Legal & General has continued
its rapid expansion into the
housing market with the
purchase of a 78-acre site in
Shrivenham, Oxfordshire with
outline planning for 515 homes
and a gross development value in
excess of �0 million. The
acquisition represents the third
site brought forward by the
insurer?s housebuilding division,
Legal & General Homes, taking
its housing pipeline to more than
3,000 new homes. L&G shares
closed up 0.7 per cent at 270p.
ADVICE Buy
WHY Sale of spreads business
should boost returns
PRICES
Major indices
New York
Dow Jones
Nasdaq Composite
S&P 500
Tokyo
Nikkei 225
Hong Kong
Hang Seng
Amsterdam
AEX Index
Sydney
AO
London Financial Futures
24792.20 (+140.46)
6994.76 (+58.18)
2690.16 (+14.35)
22901.77 (+348.55)
29050.41 (+202.30)
553.29 (+4.63)
6130.00 (+42.90)
Frankfurt
DAX
13312.30 (+208.74)
Singapore
Straits
3414.82 (-2.12)
Brussels
BEL20
Paris
CAC-40
4024.65 (+32.38)
5420.58 (+71.28)
Zurich
SMI Index
DJ EURO Stoxx 50
9452.32 (+57.61)
3609.42 (+48.89)
London
FTSE 100
7537.01 (+46.44)
FTSE 250
20255.40 (+206.79)
FTSE 350
4190.89 (+28.71)
FTSE Eurotop 100
3016.73 (+33.23)
FTSE All-Shares
4136.81 (+27.85)
FTSE Non Financials
4827.58 (+29.89)
techMARK 100
4596.41 (+34.03)
Bargains
n/a
US$
1.3394 (+0.0079)
Euro
1.1358 (+0.0021)
�SDR
0.93 (+0.00)
Exchange Index
78.40 (+0.30)
Bank of England official close (4pm)
CPI
104.20 Oct (2015 = 100)
RPI
275.30 Oct (Jan 1987 = 100)
RPIX
276.00 Oct (Jan 1987 = 100)
Morningstar Long Commodity
561.24 (+0.09)
Morningstar Long/Short Commod 4120.14 (+6.33)
Long Gilt
3-Mth Sterling
3-Mth Euribor
3-Mth Euroswiss
3-Mth Euroswiss
FTSE100
FTSEurofirst 80
Period
Dec 17
Mar 18
Dec 17
Mar 18
Jun 18
Sep 18
Dec 18
Dec 17
Mar 18
Jun 18
Sep 18
Dec 18
Dec 17
Mar 18
Jun 18
Sep 18
Mar 18
Mar 18
Jun 18
Mar 18
Jun 18
Open
126.41
125.42
99.485
99.450
99.330
99.260
99.210
100.33
100.33
100.32
100.30
100.27
100.76
100.75
100.71
100.66
128.53
7460.0
7352.5
High
126.41
125.66
99.490
99.450
99.350
99.280
99.230
100.33
100.33
100.32
100.31
100.28
100.76
100.75
100.72
100.67
128.56
7487.5
7358.5
Commodities
Low
126.41
125.40
99.480
99.440
99.330
99.260
99.200
100.33
100.33
100.32
100.30
100.27
100.76
100.74
100.71
100.65
128.52
7430.5
7351.5
Sett
126.50
125.58
99.485
99.450
99.340
99.270
99.220
100.33
100.33
100.32
100.30
100.27
100.76
100.75
100.72
100.66
128.55
7474.5
7396.5
5032.0
5015.0
Vol
4045
98560
25320
38998
63415
48403
56185
4644
35187
17699
53044
37336
6947
4455
5849
2845
714
82284
44
Open Int
40006
716180
441162
437233
485021
371994
322998
372612
540545
513407
466381
487163
29088
30062
36999
64952
9714
636267
80
� 2017 Tradeweb Markets LLC. All rights reserved.
The Tradeweb FTSE Gilt Closing Prices information contained
herein is proprietary to Tradeweb; may not be copied or
re-distributed; is not warranted to be accurate, complete or timely; and does not constitute
investment advice. Tradeweb is not responsible for any loss or damage that might result
from the use of this information.
ICIS pricing (London 7.30pm)
Brent (9.00pm)
Crude Oils ($/barrel FOB)
Feb
Mar
Apr
Brent Physical
BFOE(Mar)
BFOE(Feb)
WTI(Feb)
WTI(Mar)
63.56
63.01
63.49
57.23
57.22
-0.40
+0.26
+0.15
-0.01
-0.11
Products ($/MT)
Spot CIF NW Europe (prompt delivery)
Premium Unld
Gasoil EEC
3.5 Fuel Oil
Naphtha
597.00
563.50
339.00
576.00
597.00
565.50
342.00
580.00
+0.00
+5.00
+4.00
+3.00
ICE Futures
May
Jun
62.27-62.24
62.10-62.08
Volume: 1265241
1422-1421
1438-1437
1457-1456
1474-1450
1500-1485
1520-1500
May
Jul
Sep
1529-1523
1541-1535
1543-1529
LIFFE
Cocoa
Mar
May
Jul
Sep
Dec
Mar
RobustaCoffee
Jan
Mar
May
Jul
1722-1721
1724-1722
1740-1730
1768-1750
Reuters
566.75-566.50
568.00-567.50
567.25-566.75
Volume: 56374
Sep
Nov
1795-1760
1819-1770
Volume: 13697
White Sugar (FOB)
Gas Oil
Jan
Feb
Mar
63.34-63.33
62.84-62.82
62.48-62.45
Apr
May
564.00-563.75
561.00-521.00
Volume: 367664
Mar
May
Aug
363.00-362.90
363.40-362.20
367.70-366.80
Oct
Dec
Mar
May
369.50-365.00
374.80-369.80
379.30-378.40
415.00-372.00
Volume: 24986
the times | Tuesday December 19 2017
55
1G M
Markets Business
ALAMY
Joke is on Audioboom as
bad timing hits figures
Callum Jones Market report
W
ith the likes of
Russell Brand, Sue
Perkins and the QI
production team
signed up, comedy
podcasts helped Audioboom attract
more than 89 million listeners last
month. However, few were laughing
yesterday as shares in the Aim-quoted
platform fell by almost 16 per cent.
The digital company, which has
hosted popular series including No
Such Thing As A Fish, The Russell
Brand Podcast and The Totally
Football Show, gave up half a penny to
close at 2緋 after missing revenue
expectations.
?Certain revenues which were
expected to fall into [the fourth
quarter] will now be reflected in [the
first] due to the precise timing of
Wall Street report
Lord Grade
goes back to
the future
M
ichael Grade,
the former
chairman of
the BBC and ITV, is to
return to a stock
market role after
taking a big stake in
a listed music rights
group that specialises
in nostalgic songs.
Working with his
previous business
partner, Ivan
Dunleavy, Lord Grade
of Yarmouth will invest
�5,000 in One Media
iP Group. One Media
looks to exploit its
music tracks and more
than 10,000 hours of
video by offering the
content through more
than 600 digital music
and video store groups
worldwide such as
iTunes and YouTube.
Both will become
non-executive directors
in One Media whose
catalogue of more than
250,000 tracks includes
the work of Evelyn
Thomas, above.
One Media shares,
listed on the junior Aim
market, rose 53 per
cent to 6絧, valuing the
group at �6 million.
Results in brief
Name
Pre-tax figure
Profit (+) loss (-)
Goodwin (engineering HY)
�1m (�1m)
Dividend
nil
6 Results in brief are given for all companies valued at more than � million. f = final p = payable
The day?s biggest movers
Company
Anglo American BMO lifts target price from � to �
Ashtead Analysts believe US-focused tool rental firm could benefit from tax reforms
Barratt Developments Liberum increases target from 537p to 575p
Persimmon Liberum lifts target from �.82 to �.40
Mondi Deutsche Bank upgrades from ?hold? to ?buy?
Next High street retailers remain under pressure
BT Group Falls back after recent rise
WPP Acquires majority stake in Hong Kong-based consultancy Arba
Easyjet Airlines under pressure as Credit Suisse downgrades Ryanair
IG Group Spreadbetters under pressure as regulators propose binary options ban
Gold/Precious
metals (US dollars per ounce)
London Grain Futures
LIFFE Wheat (close �/t)
Jan
Jul
137.50
unq
Mar
Nov
148.75
142.00
May
142.15
Volume: 643
London Metal Exchange
(Official)
Cash
3mth
15mth
Bullion: Open $1253.62
Close $1262.77-1263.23 High $1263.50
Low $1252.67
AM $1258.65 PM $1260.60
Krugerrand $1249.00-1320.00 (�1.67984.63)
Platinum $916.00 (�3.27)
Silver $16.15 (�.05)
Palladium $1027.00 (�6.07)
Copper Gde A ($/tonne)
6843.0-6844.0
6878.0-6879.0
7310.0-7320.0
Lead ($/tonne)
2585.5-2586.5
2558.0-2558.5
1980.0-1985.0
Zinc Spec Hi Gde ($/tonne)
3195.0-3195.5
3200.0-3201.0
European money
deposits %
1943.0-1948.0
Currency
Tin ($/tonne)
19285.0-19290.0
19200.0-19210.0
Alum Hi Gde ($/tonne)
2046.5-2047.5
2066.0-2068.0
Nickel ($/tonne)
11520.0-11530.0 11590.0-11595.0
18860.0-18910.0
2280.0-2285.0
5.0%
2.8%
2.4%
2.2%
2.1%
-0.4%
-0.7%
-1.7%
-2.8%
-9.3%
campaigns and bookings,? it said.
Three of Audioboom?s largest
advertisers postponed previously
expected business worth �0,000.
Ambitions to become the Netflix of
radio allowed the company to attract
investment from the likes of Nick
Candy, the property tycoon who is its
largest shareholder. Executives
believe a focus on original content at
Audioboom, which has relied on
content from others, mean 15 of its
own podcasts will launch next year.
This includes an interview series by
Ms Perkins, a former presenter of The
Great British Bake Off.
Revenues are expected to have
increased by about 269 per cent to
�8 million in the year to November
30, the company said. It expects to
generate an annual loss of �5 million,
from �6 million in 2016.
While investor messageboards were
aflutter with talk that Audioboom
may need to raise cash in the new
year, sources close to the company
insist this is not the case.
Payments provider?s profits slip
A
cross-border
payments
provider served
up a profits warning
yesterday that
prompted a slump in
its share price (Harry
Wilson writes).
Earthport said that
its revenues for the
financial year to June
2018 would be down
by 10 to 15 per cent on
what it had expected
for the period.
In a statement, the
company blamed
delays in ?expected
contracts and client
implementations? and
a ?recent change? at
one of its clients.
?Despite a
temporary setback in
revenue growth rates,
Dollar rates
Base Rates Clearing Banks: 0.50 Finance House 1.0 ECB Refi 0.00 US Fed Fd 1.50
Australia
Canada
Denmark
Euro
Hong Kong
Japan
Malaysia
Norway
Singapore
Sweden
Switzerland
Interbank Rates
Clearer CDs
Depo CDs
2 mth
3 mth
6 mth
12 mth
1 mth
0.4912
0.5042
0.5162
0.5698
0.7582
0.50-0.40 0.52-0.42 0.55-0.45 0.67-0.52 0.83-0.68
0.50-0.40 0.52-0.42 0.55-0.45 0.67-0.52 0.83-0.68
Eurodollar Deps
1.57-1.77 1.50-1.70 1.58-1.78 1.75-1.95 2.01-2.21
Sterling spot and forward rates
1mth
3mth
6mth
12mth
0.13
0.20
0.29
0.55
0.49
0.52
0.57
0.76
0.10
0.15
0.20
0.50
Sterling
impacting full year
2018 revenue
expectations,
Earthport?s pipeline
and brand profile has
never been better,?
Phil Hickman, nonexecutive chairman,
said. Earthport
provides payment
Money rates %
Treasury Bills (Dis) Buy: 1 mth 0.150; 3 mth 0.300. Sell: 1 mth -0.020; 3 mth 0.270
Dollar
Hank Uberoi will
explore opportunities
with strategic partners
The FTSE 100 index finished the
day up 46.44 points, or 0.62 per cent,
at 7,537.01. As the pre-Christmas
slowdown takes hold in London,
Washington DC remains a hive of
activity. Growing investor confidence
that tax reform will hand President
Trump his first big legislative victory
boosted financial stocks. Senior
Republicans have indicated that the
measures, which include cutting the
corporate tax rate from 35 per cent to
21 per cent, could pass through
Congress within days, with the Senate
expected to vote on the reforms as
soon as today.
Barclays rose 2紁 to finish the day
at 204絧, Standard Chartered gained
7p to close at 764紁 and HSBC
advanced 4絧 to 756p.
Credit Suisse downgraded Ryanair
to ?neutral? after the airline agreed to
recognise the unionisation of its pilots
for the first time. Analysts at the
broker are concerned that its staff
costs could ?rise significantly beyond?
the ?100 million increase it has
Halifax Mortgage Rate 3.99
Euro
0.00.0
Change
The prospect of tax cuts being
signed into law within days sent US
markets to record highs. The Dow
Jones industrial average rose 140.46
points to 24.792.20, the S&P 500 was
up 14.35 at 2,690.16 and the Nasdaq
gained 58.18 to 6,994.76.
technology
Mkt Rates for
Copenhagen
Euro
Montreal
New York
Oslo
Stockholm
Tokyo
Zurich
Range
8.4209-8.4648
1.1373-1.1314
1.7133-1.7273
1.3310-1.3417
11.148-11.195
11.265-11.341
150.05-150.99
1.3183-1.3254
Close
8.4549-8.4565
1.1361-1.1360
1.7245-1.7248
1.3405-1.3406
11.174-11.177
11.281-11.284
150.77-150.78
1.3205-1.3207
1 month
86ds
10pr
24pr
32pr
63pr
122ds
10ds
28ds
Premium = pr
3 month
254ds
28pr
34pr
52pr
98pr
297ds
28ds
59ds
Discount = ds
predicted for 2018 and 2019. Shares in
Ryanair fell 2.3 per cent to ?14.65, as
Easyjet dropped 40p to �.77.
Rolls-Royce made it on to the
FTSE leaderboard which was more
welcome news to its shareholders. It
rose almost 3 per cent to 855絧. The
shares have gone up by almost 30 per
cent this year.
The engineer benefited from an
upgrade on Friday by Deutsche Bank
from ?sell? to ?hold?. ?We expect Rolls
to defend against rising R&D
[research and development] and
capital expenditure within the
business over the medium-term, so
that there can finally be a period of
harvesting the benefits of historic
investments,? said.
The FTSE 250 index climbed 206.79
points, or 1.03 per cent, to 20,255.40.
Going the other way was IG Group,
the spread better shedding 9.3 per cent
to 665p after European regulators
announced stricter than expected
rules for retail investors using online
derivatives trading platforms.
Exchange rates
1.3030-1.3031
1.2864-1.2866
6.3074-6.3078
0.8473-0.8477
7.8155-7.8160
112.47-112.48
4.0800-4.0830
8.3356-8.3372
1.3465-1.3468
8.4158-8.4173
0.9851-0.9852
Other Sterling
Argentina peso
Australia dollar
Bahrain dinar
Brazil real
Euro
Hong Kong dollar
India rupee
Indonesia rupiah
Kuwait dinar KD
Malaysia ringgit
New Zealand dollar
Singapore dollar
S Africa rand
U A E dirham
services to customers
from banks to money
transfer companies in
more than 65
countries. It made a
pre-tax loss of
�.6 million in its
latest financial year.
Shares in Earthport
dropped 4絧, or 3 per
cent, to 10p.
The company said it
saw opportunities
with ?deep-pocketed
strategic partners?
and Hank Uberoi, its
chief executive, would
give up his role to
explore these,
becoming executive
chairman. Mr
Hickman would act as
interim chief
executive while a
replacement is found.
23.526-23.528
1.7467-1.7469
0.5018-0.5086
4.4133-4.4173
1.1360-1.1362
10.477-10.478
85.954-85.980
18207-18226
0.4035-0.4057
5.4677-5.4717
1.9119-1.9123
1.8050-1.8056
17.097-17.107
4.9199-4.9226
Australia $
Canada $
Denmark Kr
Egypt
Euro �
Hong Kong $
Hungary
Indonesia
Israel Shk
Japan Yen
New Zealand $
Norway Kr
Poland
Russia
S Africa Rd
Sweden Kr
Switzerland Fr
Turkey Lira
USA $
Bank buys Bank sells
1.900
1.650
1.860
1.620
9.050
7.940
n/a
n/a
1.230
1.080
11.180
9.840
390.050
320.900
20822.800
16609.400
5.160
4.400
161.960
140.270
2.130
1.800
12.060
10.420
5.270
4.320
84.570
70.420
19.640
16.630
12.050
10.710
1.450
1.250
5.790
4.950
1.450
1.280
Rates for banknotes and traveller's cheques as
traded by Royal Bank of Scotland plc yesterday
Data as shown is
for information
purposes only. No offer is made by
Morningstar or this publication
556
Tuesday December 19 2017 | the times
1G M
Business Equity prices
12 month
High Low Company
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
219O
Banking & finance
57W
15
2178
39O 1PMv
14 ACHPv
1732 Admiral
52K
311Y
2K
28
4
19K ADVFNv
210V Aldermore Gp
1N Ambrianv
9K Amedeo Resv
Y Amphion Innovsv
27
17 Amryt Pharmav
11351V 8281W Aon Corpn
1562K 1245 Arbuthnot Bkgv
45K
?
14
1911
+
39K
310
1.1
8.0
?
? 70.0
4
2.7 23.9
?
? 41.4
?
1K
Y
?
? 10.4
? -0.2
11N +
N
? -2.4
1W ?
V
? -0.2
20
?
10236Y ?
? -2.8
91O 1.0 38.9
?
2.2 42.5
53K
32 Arden Partnersv
53K
?
? -9.9
17O
14O Argo Groupv
17O
?
?
394K
280K Ashmore Gp
1881O 1562K Aus New Z
544
66V
470K Aviva
56K AXA Property Tr
1384
393K +
1650Y +
504K +
12 month
High Low Company
154K EFG-Hermes Hldg
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
194
+
6X 11.9
21V
19N EIHv
19W
?
70
65 El Oro
70
?
5.6
? -6.4
3.4
6.4
1K
?
? -3.7
9O
222K
?
?
2K
303
193K Esure
260K +
7W 3.1 18.3
893O
75
1K Energiser Invv
570V FBD
44K Fiskev
67
46K Frenkel Toppingv
27O
10N GLI Financev
877V +
72K
57K
2V
? 14.2
?
?
?
10N ?
404K
297K Gresham Housev
404K +
6K
775 Gresh Hse Stratv
857
?
64O
63Y Gulf Invest
253N H&T Groupv
64O +
?
1.9 35.9
V 18.2 -1.3
931
357
1.0
3834
43
1946Y 1659K Nat Aust Bk
125 Helios Underv
137K
?
15K ?
K
1.0
?
? -7.9
498O +
1N 3.7 13.1
982 Hiscox
1418
+
7
204K +
2N 1.4 17.1
769X
620O HSBC
756
+
4K 5.0 36.2
525
380 Beazley
488K +
5K 2.1 13.3
715
484O IG Group
665
?
23
2.2 11.2
1470
? Highway Capital#
167
63 Impaxv
3.1
9.7
55
3.2
7.6
148
6157V ?
765
3523
1709Y +
68
158K ?
1.9 17.3
300
2V
492W
90
4.7 14.3
1088
K 1.4 25.4
595
916K +
328K Paysafe Group
588K ?
22N PCF Groupv
28K +
7N 6.2
6.7
37Y
30N Phaunos Timber
Y 4.2
9.0
798K
713K Phoenix Gp Hldgs
762
25Y 4.5 10.5
?
? PLUS Marketsv#
?
?
3V
1 Plutus PowerGenv
2W
58O
122
51 Carador
69 Cenkos Secsv
3.3 24.7
627K
461W Investec?
510
2.0 43.3
347O
322K Investment Co
332K
? -7.0
53K
?
13.6
4.3
108K +
K 7.3 23.0
434
285 Charles Stanley?
375V ?
14Y 1.6 22.3
287O
205W Charles Taylor
277V ?
7W 3.7 21.0
409N
334 Chesnara
385N
?
107
432
1X
1715
175K
1130N
333
61X City of Lon GpvV
332K City Lon Inv Gp
X Clear Leisurev
1316 Close Bros
108X CMC Markets?
622X Commerzbk
260 CYBG
1541V 1159V Deutsche Bk
107
+
417K ?
3K
5.0
6.6
? -1.6
7O 5.7 11.3
?
? -3.9
+
21
4.0 11.3
146O ?
21
6.0
X
1451
1130N +
22Y
331W +
3K
1507K +
8.5
181V
?
112K IP Group
144K ?
? IRF Euro Fin Inv
1370
968K Jardine Lyd Th
+
1364
+
1532 Prudential
14
2W Quadrise Fuels Intlv
164N
124 Just Group
163N +
2N 2.0
4.9
150O
759K
611 Lancashire Hdgs
668
3K 1.7 10.8
149O
41N
30 Leaf Clean Energyv
30
40
34 Leeds Groupv
37
276
232O Legal & Gen
270
N
?
?
68408V
49N 1.1
?
519
? Legendary Invsv
+
?
K
?
+
?
? -2.5
?
?
62V Lloyds Bkg Gp
66O +
57V
41N LMS Capital
48X ?
+
345K +
9N
15K 4.9 10.4
636K
452Y Crest Nicholson
534K +
9
+
13
? 15.8
2920
4W
2530 CRH
W CSF Grpv
2545
2K 12.6 14.8
V
182
93O SIG
22K
4085
3402K Taliesin Propv
207W
153 Taylor Wimpey
680 3I Group?
915
185N 3i Infrastructure?
207N
107K Abrdn Div I&G
122
1088 Aberforth Smlr
1306
620 Alliance?
744
20V
? Arc Cap Hldgsv
230 Athelney Trust
272K
553 Baillie Gifford SN
877K
687K Bankers
867
1246 BH Global
1366
930O BH Global
1000K
1880 BH Macro
1979K
1637X BH Macro
1637X
1415X BH Macro
1468N
686K Biotech Growth
781O
67K BLK Com Inc
74N
291X BlckREmEur
348K
129O BlckFroInv
160K
271O BLK Grt Euro
331V
189N BlackRck Inc & Gwth 203O
370 BLK Latin Am
444
150 BlckRck N Amer Inc? 160
950 BLK Smlr
1295
344O BlckRck Throgmorton 459X
314K BLK Wld Min?
374
27K Blue Plan G&I Uts#
27K
42K Blue Plan Int Fn
49K
626K Br Empire Sec?
718K
603 Brunner
778
2500 Caledonia Inv?
2681
90 Candover
115Y
193 Charter European
194
186N City Merch Hi Yld
198K
393W City of Lon IT
432V
171K Crystal Amber Fdv
186
299 Dunedin Entp
400K
686 Edinburgh IT
701K
489 Edin Wwide
758
912K Electra Pte Eq
936K
283K EP Global Opp
311
997K European Asset
1287K
774 European Investment 930N
283 F&C Cap&Inc?
323
134K F&C Comm Prop?
134K
1209 F&C Glbl Smaller
1360
532K Foreign & Col
641
290 F&C Priv Eq Ord
344
97 F&C UK HIT A
104
97N F&C UK HIT B
102N
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4
?
2K
?
71X
6N
N
143Y
1.3 18.8
?
W
550
2674
+
+
0.2 11.0
+
156
3276
9.0
643
1162K
O
? -0.3
2K 2.1 22.0
247N C&C Grp
545
3509
2488
1800
23
87K
17W
1194
764V
426V
3N
38
3055Y
3Y
1614
K
45
521
1O
10
279
830
120
41O
4540
1803N
14N
23014V
21
355N
2671
2901 Schroders
2150 Schroders N/V
1625 Secure Trust Bk
22O Sharev
65 Sigma Capv
16O Sosanderv
987K St James Place
651O Stand Chart
405 Strd Life Aber
2 Starvestv
33 STM Groupv
2542W Sun Life Can
3Y Tau Capitalv
1390 TBC Bank Group
N Tiger Res Finv
45 TISO Blackstar Gpv
413K TP ICAP
1W Trading Emissnsv
10 UltimateSportsv
258V Virgin Money Plc
512K Volverev
120 WH Irelandv
38K Walker Crips Grp?
3693N Wells Fargo
1687K Westpac
5O Zoltav Resourcev
19727N Zurich Fincl
7V
981
2862
N BlenheimNtrlv
550 Britvic?
1985
3531
2541
2455
29
88
462K
1238
846X
446N
5
59K
3067W
5V
1818
K
63O
544K
4N
15
348
862K
150
48K
4540
2015Y
40
23022O
3
225
64
?
54K Molinsv
3147N 2371 Philips El nv
5555
Consumer goods
281K Helical Bar?
1.4 -4.9
39
?
2030
K
+
+
151
887K Highcroft Invs
1306
211
219
2.6 28.8
356N
6X ?
157K MS Intlv?
5.2 13.9
952K
1.9 22.9
+
1
276X +
8.3
1.0 34.5
5
?
330
2
214Y Ryl Bk Scot
3.4 13.5
17
281Y Morgan Advanced
?
285O
O 4.1
165
344
2X 4.2 11.3
35
+
?
34K
338W
148V +
138N +
59N ?
1269
1325
202
4
259O Tyman
+
0.6 42.6
49K 2.0 18.2
186K Melrose
9Y 3.9 22.0
?
134V Tritax Big Box REIT
97X Warehouse REITv
14
2037K +
261V
9.6
367
102K
? Inspirit Energyv
?
?
108X Hansteen Hldgs
56K Schroder REIT
V
2132K 1365 Judges Scientificv
+
?
N 2.9 10.2
11O 3.1 12.8
145K
1883K S & U
1009 IMI
151W
+
4K Image Scanv
298N +
1525
0.8 23.0
?
145
?
65K
1319
30K Holders Techv
15
?
?
483W +
?
2420
1096 Hill & Smith?
+
K
?
?
127K LPAv
?
280 Heath (Samuel)v
886K Halma
1475
404
V
410K Meggitt
2489O
537K
966 Gooch Hsegov
1525 Goodwin
1322
1O ?
K Flowgrpv
294N GKN
?
189
? Rolinco N/V
4K 2.6 54.6
1539
2125
18V
28N 2.8 14.8
526
?
5.7
376K
232 Fenner
+
3.7 11.4
3K 4.4
87K Harworth Gp
4V
574
2392N +
1N 0.7 26.9
2.2
537K +
W
411K
7.5
3K 0.8 11.4
6.6
? -1.4
1W Feedbackv
12O
1.7 32.1
?
4Y
?
1.5
1
7V Elektronv
9.5
40
?
19K
?
85
6Y
572 Dialight
4.6
?
26 Croma Securityv
615 Dewhurstv
2697O 1948 Electrolux 'B'
?
+
16X +
1115
?
?
6 Dolphin Capitalv
86
712K
42K
3077
12 Dragon-Ukra Propv
7.3
2V 1.5 17.5
501K Hammerson
? -2.3
5.6
1.2
3.8
1.2
0.5
3.4
0.3
1.3
3.7
1.2
2.1
3.0
1.1
4.6
3.6
3.7
8.2
4.2
?
?
?
?
?
1.1
1.9
4.5
2.1
?
0.9
2.2
?
?
3.1
2.7
3.5
3.3
1.9
1.7
5.1
2.3
5.0
1.0
0.1
1.0
4.6
3.9
3.6
?
1.0
3.6
1.3
4.1
?
?
6.6
5.9
?
?
1.2
1.2
3.8
1.5
3.0
2.1
3.0
2.3
0.6
3.4
?
3.2
1.0
2.8
3.3
4.2
4.6
3.1
?
?
?
1.7
1.4
0.2
0.8
?
609K
N 4.0 15.5
?
2
1
O
2
3
?
7K
?
2
4N
O
1N
?
1O
2N
K
1K
?
?
?
3
N
?
18
2
K
5K
K
3Y
18K
?
6K
8K
13
2N
2
N
V
19
1
K
1
6
?
2
O
?
1K
1K
90
1N
13
?
1O
K
12
1
7O
?
1
K
2
2
5
3K
3W
K
?
8
K
7K
V
?
3K
1
?
?
?
7
1
O
18
2.7 -8.5
5995
Price
Yld Dis(-)
(p) +/- % or Pm
118N JLaingInFr
123K
359K JPM American
407W
265 JPM Asian
358
54O JPM Brazil
65O
191 JPM Chinese?
301
616K JPM Claverhs
716
98K JPM Elect Mg C
100O
678 JPM Elect Mg G?
801K
104N JPM Elect Mg I?
112O
657 JPM Em Mkts
851K
252 JPM Eur IT Gth
322W
132N JPM Eur IT Inc?
164W
284 JPM Euro Smlr
411
89O JPM Gl Conv?
96K
113O JPM GEMI?
135K
270 JPM GG&I?
326N
78O JPM Inc&Cap Ord
98
331K JPM Inc&Cap Uts
379K
186 JPM Inc&Cap ZDP
189
? JPM Inc&Gth Inc
?
? JPM Inc&Gth Cap
?
586K JPM Indian
745
293 JPM Jap Sml Co
429O
325O JPM Japan?
429
907 JPM Mid Cap
1190
438O JPM Russian
508
812K JPM Smllr Co
1078K
251 JPM US Sml
302
536K Jupiter Euro Opps
715K
294 Jupiter Prima
313K
769 Jupiter US Smlr
872
7N Juridica Invsv
10V
1617 Keystone IT?
1767K
526 Law Debenture
625K
1354 Lowland
1512
270 Majedie
290N
315 M Currie Pac?
396
223 M Currie Port
244O
135 Marwyn Val In
160
1679 Mercantile IT?
2121
448K Merchants
486K
413K Mid Wynd
488
560 Monks Inv Tst
756
599N Montanaro Eur Sml? 804
722 Murray Income Trust? 784K
1135 Murray International 1262
93 Nb Global Floating
94O
? P2P Glbl Invs
?
228 Pacific Assets
261V
356 Perpetual In&Gr?
375K
38370 Personal Assets? 40890
75 Picton Prop
82O
828K Polar Cap Tech
1136
113 Prm Eng & Wtr ZDP? 116
145N Prem Glb & Inf?
145N
102O Renewables Inf?
107W
1815 RIT Cap Ptnr
1959
1204 Riverstone
1218
244 Schroder TotRt
360
328 Schrd Asia Pac
458
268O Schrod Inc Gwth
289K
187N Schrod Jap Gwth
221
164N Schrod UK Gwth
177O
423 Schrod UKMid
543K
315N Scot American?
360
766 Scot IT
864
313K Scot Mtge
440W
160 Secs Tst Scot
172K
? Sequoia Eco
?
1205 Temple Bar?
1295
572K Tplton Emg Mkt
771K
286 TR Property?
382K
74N Troy Inc&Gth
78Y
80Y UK Comm Prop Tst
87O
139K Utilico Ord
166
190 Utilico Emg Mkt?
219K
153O Utilico Fin ZDP 2018 157W
? UtilFin RdZDP 2016
?
275O Vietnam Ent Inv
427
878K Witan?
1067
277 Witan Pacific
334
82 Woodford Patient Cap Tr83V
2075 Ww Health?
2516
3
2451 Derwent London
Y
140V
407W
376
73N
332K
723
101K
801K
115K
866
329
173N
421
101O
138K
329Y
98
379K
189
?
?
785
430
430
1190
563
1078K
302
733K
342K
925
21
1835
625K
1565
311
411Y
245
171N
2143
493
488
792
843
817O
1307
100V
?
264K
408K
41580
87
1197
116
172K
112V
1979
1370
371O
476
302
222Y
177O
547K
374O
864
467K
174
?
1335
807
383Y
82K
92K
168K
229O
158O
?
432Y
1075
336
106
2679
+
5700 Daejan
5643
969K
208K
123K
1349
747
?
272K
880
873
1374
1018W
2160
1826
1546N
878
91O
360
164K
346
206K
499
176K
1317
474
403
63
50K
732K
785K
3008
143
242K
201
441
246
494
779K
758
5110
319O
1340
958
331O
151O
1391
641
363
108
106K
424K
109
405K
247W
230K
149
254N
770
133
720K
47X
?
1090
1030
1306
1425
201N
860
1200
1791
174K
219K
108Y
842K
259K
304K
308
144
209
102
193K
83K
522
171
3077
?
8.2
1.4 23.3
292K Styles & Wood Grpv 373K
660
12 month
High Low Company
13K Steppe Cementv
2.8
11
467K
Investment companies
Price
Yld Dis(-)
(p) +/- % or Pm
62Y Speymill Macauv
302X St Modwen Prp
2
+
8.6
3371
12 month
High Low Company
576K +
1013
5.1
?
+
873 Shaftesbury
485 Stewart & Wight
?
2543
439K SEGRO
525
5.9
+
576K
? -4.4
7005
6.1
? 41.2
10K 1.4 18.6
?
Y 0.7 37.9
12
1.5 13.3
4
4.3
971K +
3.8
? -0.2
0.5 40.3
25
1.8
?
2.2 18.2
1W ?
23
684 Savills
72O
404Y +
+
971K
399O
119
86
712K +
3X 2.3 10.3
5.6
214V Craven Housev
2K 2.1 21.8
+
3X 0.9 16.0
108 Countrywide
+
?
42N
480W
325
55K
107K ?
198K
315 Cohortv
4.8 13.9
38 SigmaRocv
1.7
462K
1.5 10.1
105K Smart (J)?
3
2X 1.4 -2.8
?
495
1016
?
? -7.0
?
W 9.1 15.2
?
?
V 3.1 16.1
123Y +
?
11K
1V
?
175N ?
327 Safestore
11K Secure Propertyv
67
110X Cobham
495
22
13X +
450V +
163K Chemring Group
16
48Y
3.4 17.1
? 25.4
37K Safelandv
63 Chamberlinv
174K
59K
112K
7W 2.7 12.0
K
61K
5V Cap XX Ldv
416K Castings?
204K
638K +
? -3.2
?
1
+
53K Real Estate Invsv
420Y Redrow
K
176K
?
?
3.1 29.7
1V
233
63
?
Y 3.7 11.9
16.1
? Red Leopardv#
144N Reddev
7O
24
35V +
17N
490
?
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
? 53.7
?
10
73
95 Rasmala PLCv
19O CLS Hldgs
223Y Countryside Props
55K +
84W +
17
14
+
9O Carecapitalv
58N Clarke T
18K Raven Russia Wnts
33Y RDI REIT?
12 month
High Low Company
?
?
480
7.2
90K
93N
28O
40K
664
O
?
2670Y
356 Liontrust?
O 13.6
9.5
+
? Robeco N/V
13X 5.9 15.2
50O +
W
6.6
48
146
?
710N +
42K Livermore Invsv
109N Randall & Quilterv
1927 Rathbone Brs
182
0.8
43 Raven Russia
133K Raven Russia CRP?
?
?
710N Liberty Group
?
2800
8.4
1O 5.3 10.4
?
?
?
? Proxamav
5K 2.3 20.1
? 67.5
? -0.9
?
626
?
W Draganfly Invsv
2.3 25.2
393W Jupiter Fund Mgmt
W
81N Downing ONE VCT
1V
836
626
+
3X +
589K Provident
1915
+
3 Polo Resourcesv
3265
7K 3.6 18.1
83W
88X
7X
31K ?
?
477K ?
59K
367Y +
?
336 Jarvis Securitiesv
3.9 15.8
333O Direct Line Ins
2
? 23.8
625
2
411N
K
?
V
6.2 13.4
?
371K
199N +
4
1690
235
154O +
?
1712K 1550 Cardiff Prop
? -2.1
843K PayPoint?
7X 0.5 98.5
?
? -1.4
+
?
6.2
?
84K
?
?
?
492
4.3 11.6
54
? -0.3
4K 2.5
?
? 26.9
50N Cap & Regnl
2X
157K IPF
22
9X 2.8 13.4
61K
1N
150N Intl Public Pntshp
?
+
4.6
3.9 14.3
K
285Y +
222
8
85K +
677
8.9
2.2 13.9
13
253 Cap & Count Prop
?
579 Br Land
+
324O
166K
388Y +
71N Breedon Groupv
1139
2.0 16.9
7.4
1853
92K
755 Bovis Homes
2.7
5.7
4K Camp & Nichs Marv
K 2.6 23.3
1213
?
?
290V Brewin Dolphin
?
7
?
1.3
1800 Brooks Macv
?
12K 3.9
163K
1
8K
63
?
312N
?
389
314K +
5
248K
2582
255
193K Boot (Henry)
6
10N Braveheart Invv
16N ?
217K Billington Hldgsv
336W
+
187K BP Marsh&Ptnrsv
30K
297K
? -9.8
157K ?
19
2.2 15.0
1.7 30.9
9K 3.2 11.1
85K Caledonian Tstv
268K
15
5
1N Ottoman Fdv#
72X Park Groupv
844K ?
?
2V Ortac Resv
399 Paragon
652 Big Yellow Group?
677
?
+
851K
162K
?
1121
45O 1.7 22.6
4K 6.5 32.0
K
681 Intermediate Cap?
?
9V 9.7 11.9
V Blue Star Capitalv
1121
+
37Y +
X
?
?
2N
1K
167K
?
76
407O +
2W
4.4 12.1
?
44
1K Origo Partnersv
470N
2.6 17.0
?
122N
+
317N Onesavings Bank
1.4 41.5
3V 3.1 22.4
13
6
115K
+
213
+
384K +
105N Primary Hlth
109 Raven R CNV Pref?
3591
188 Old Mutual
318W +
308N Polypipe Group
123K
4204
229
1718
436K
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
124K
2787 Berkeley
150 Oakley Cap Invsv
220W Hastings Gp
?
2.8 11.3
2412 Bellway?
231N Numisv?
1206 Hargreaves L
2.8
2V 0.9 85.2
15
4204
173K
3N 10.7 14.8
?
641K +
3792
315
?
2K
281V +
457 Barratt Devs
?
?
83
2V Aukett Fitz Robv
253K Balfour Beatty
700
? 10.0
V 4.7
2.7 12.9
3K
298W
?
?
590
5
?
12 month
High Low Company
?
464K NEX Group
?
1.2
1.1 44.6
2O 3.4
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
2V
848O
335
10
12 month
High Low Company
8O
?
325
?
1W Metal Tigerv
+
?
1718
?
763 Mattioli Woodsv
30O Miton Groupv
4.2 16.6
4.2 33.4
Y Marechale Capv
2925 Metro Bank
34N 8.4 13.7
N
7O Manx Finv
?
+
?
406X Banco Santander
?
3N
74 Hansard Global
2
1X
205
1.7
178Y Barclays
3466
861
112
57W ?
118N Man
6404V 5021K Marsh McLn
7.6
1
1K Lon Capital Grpv
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
2789 Lond Stk Ex Gp 3790
205
222K EPE Special Oppsv
3N
529K
2766 BGEO Group
3O
3983
334
239N
3770
12 month
High Low Company
2573
N
0.8 48.5
+
6.1 27.5
?
9
?
?
2
4765
+
67K
270
?
?
397W +
27K
2.0
?
?
1.4 27.0
?
?
?
? -4.1
?
?
?
1
?
? -5.3
+
70
0.3 46.6
9O
2870
N
?
2.0 20.0
4W 2.4 21.2
?
7W
608
? -6.6
+ 139
1072
161
? 92.6
? -1.8
6368O +
1.3 65.3
22X 3.2 30.1
16K +
1
8Y
?
? 23.5
?
?
10N ?
1
?
?
36O +
N
? -1.3
3K ?
V
? -4.4
37
?
6713
?
O
K
? -3.0
18
2.2 22.5
?
? 53.3
the times | Tuesday December 19 2017
57
1G M
Equity prices Business
12 month
High Low Company
5036 3499 Shire
245K 72Y Silence Therapv
35
25K Sinclair Pharmav
1431 1170 Smith & Neph
361
221K Spire Hcare
242K 142K Summit Corpv
417K 250 Swallowfieldv
31N
6Y Synairgenv
20K
5X Tissue Regenixv
240
140 Tiziana Lifev
317K 148K Tristelv
959
635 UDG Healthcare
6Y
Y ValiRxv
163
89Y Vectura Grp
34O
8O Vernalisv
7025
106K Verona Pharmav
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
3777
200
25K
1284
245
162K
340
12W
6O
144K
262K
895
6O
106V
8O
108
+
+
+
+
+
?
?
+
+
+
14K
K
?
2
5
?
5
K
V
?
?
10
1N
V
?
?
0.6
?
?
1.8
1.5
?
0.9
?
?
?
1.2
1.1
?
?
?
?
27.3
?
-5.1
17.0
18.4
?
18.2
-4.0
-4.6
?
35.0
37.4
-0.7
?
-2.1
-6.3
12 month
High Low Company
81O
8549V
10815O
247K
4O
9
173K
89K
4373
2Y
1947K
317
819O
2V
72
?
5065K
3454Y
3503
2130
54N
133K
155
515K
558K
776V
17K
35821W
509K
4268V
3
91O
2639
667K
460
59 Accsys Tech
6985Y BASF
8558O Bayer DM50
97K Biome Techv
3V Byotrolv
7V Camb Gbl Timberv
64K Cloudcall Groupv
49 Coats Grp
3141 Croda
1O Cronin Gpv
1097K Cropper (James)v?
259 Elementis
490 Evans (M.P.)v
X Hardidev
55 Inspiration Healthv
? Intl Ferro Metals#
4022K Jardine Math
2406 Jardine Strat
2727 Johnson Math?
1560 Mondi
6 Plant Impactv
110K Plastics Capitalv
97K Robinsonv
303K Scapav
403 Smith (DS)
689O Swire Pacific
4 Symph Environv
30283V Syngenta
370 Synthomer
3112 Takeda Pharm
Y TyraTech Incv
30X Velocysv
1832 Victrex
452K Wynnstay Groupv
240 Zotefoams
77O
8416
9503Y
215
3V
9
129K
85V
4373
2X
1697K
283N
782N
1Y
58
Y
4671W
2989V
3056
1857
6W
117
97K
432N
510K
697V
11Y
35821W
486N
4174N
2Y
31
2639
465
455N
?
W ?
+ 157O 3.1
+ 114K 2.5
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
0.8
+ 42
1.6
?
?
?
0.7
+ 3
2.3
?
N 1.2
?
?
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226K
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? -5.0
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370K +
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+
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+
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?
+
310
?
1
?
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6.6
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184
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1.9 -8.4
275N ?
?
?
X
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?
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7K
?
3K
145K Tullow Oil
165
124 Saga
148K
4X
?
149 Dixons Carphone
12W
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?
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215N
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2K Tavistockv
?
260 AdEPT Telecomv
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+
241X
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35K
396O
3.7
3
V
5.6
?
30O SRT Marinev
357
16
188K ?
V
?
28
375
?
139O +
2N +
?
344K +
89N Spirent Comms
Telecoms
?
173K Amino Techsv
13K ?
?
22N Pendragon
64K
?
116 Allied Minds
2V Stellar Dmndv
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238K Ocado Gp
2.5 14.1
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?
? -4.3
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39
2
+
78
?
? Tri-Star Resv
213W ?
206
13
4139V ?
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2511
10 PHSCv
4296Y 3711O Total SA
252Y
166K Tesco
16K
W Tertiary Mineralsv
1V 6.1 26.7
2320 Ted Baker
? -5.7
V
+
213
?
1
305
105
3V
1 Stratex Intlv
297O Marks Spencer?
55
2Y Shearwater Grpv
? Sunrise Resourcesv
?
395K
1977
? 10.3
N
5.5
220
? 15.6
?
1K 3.5
1O 1.1
1446 SuperGroup
?
?
1K 3.1 12.7
1977
19K
8K
2O 0.4 17.9
333N +
9.4 -7.7
53K ?
52
329X +
288 Kingfisher
9.3 -2.8
37 PCI-PALv
4
303N JD Sports?
368
470
?
W
503
456
3
17O Petardsv
22K ?
150
?
55K
107O ?
2.2 15.4
?
279
6Y
3O
3.0 16.1
26K
58K Macfarlane
165K
4
86K +
194 LSL Prop Services
?
55O
10
542K
725 Latham (J)v
?
+
? -0.7
13K Sterling Energyv
6W
6.3
0.6
+
363K
2.4 34.3
O 2.9
454
?
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?
?
774
4230
?
102
127K
639K Inchcape
3617 Next
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19K
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+
?
8
880K
5320
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2
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64N
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+
881K
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1.6
541
2X 5.1 12.5
+
1.8 33.0
2.8 20.4
?
526K +
+
132
?
253V Sophos Gp
342
88
2Y Seeing Machinesv
17 SimiGonv
84
5
1
116K
294 Softcat
8Y
82 Moss Bros
361O SDL
786K +
?
646
2.2 25.9
120
63K Sanderson Gpv
92 SciSysv
?
548K
8
1K 2.8 19.5
7W
2Y
3.1
7V
23O
+
63 Interserve
993K Kier Gp
599 Sage Gp
1358
26N InterQuestv
3318 Intertek
810K
85K
103
9.4
?
152K
450
?
1O 2.6
2K 3.2 13.6
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94K Lookers
? -1.7
0.7
183
?
297N Majestic Winev?
V
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?
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? 13.5
193K
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131
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7K 3.3 13.6
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10K 2.6 69.1
17W
?
1.9 33.8
38K
2O Spitfire Oilv
2V
31
? -6.5
39O Sound Energyv
3K
+
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? 10.9
93K
105K
2O 1.6 18.8
2
13N
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?
3O Solo Oilv
2
+
V
4K
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+
180
1N 1.0 20.7
3V Shanta Goldv
17N Sirius Minerals
161K
N
1
N
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76
?
Y
4K
4
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670K +
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76
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2
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5.9 32.1
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1.9 25.7
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223K +
115K
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6
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0.7 -7.6
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? -3.4
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?
215 RhythmOnev
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576 Menzies (John)
?
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W
?
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+
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533
2422K ?
3V Serabi Goldv
2.3 37.7
?
227
?
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2452K
6
6
6
201K QinetiQ
3.5 19.7
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?
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N Clontarf Energyv
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2459K 1992K Ryl Dtch Sh A?
5K 4.1
293O
X
?
24X +
?
330N ?
319X
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9
20K
5V ?
103N Telit Commsv
528
47K 3.5 13.9
18 San Leon Energyv#
370
+
171K
89 RedstoneConnectv
N
9K +
82
848K +
371O
1N 5.8 10.3
3050
4
+
57V
1.7 28.6
?
501
1.2 30.1
1040
3672
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4
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60
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7Y 2.5 14.1
? 85.6
3773K 2910 Rio Tinto
?
+
925K Greggs
8.5
7X Parityv
73 Pennant Intlv
768 Playtech
+
565K
+
0.8 25.7
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190K
30
1O
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1204
1361
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+
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460
2052K Ryl Dtch Sh B?
1697
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56
?
14K 2.9 16.8
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36K +
19N Game Digital
?
W
4K 5.8 34.8
32V French Conn
69
+
? -5.1
0.3 55.7
5100
409O Porvair
3K
45V
2X Flying Brands
191K +
40
190Y IWG
78N
3W Rose Petroleumv
1.5 32.0
8K 4.0 12.8
420
W Richland Resv
425
35
+
2100
1V
?
+
622
357K Lok'n Storev?
?
?
7265
1625 Lon Securityv
?
?
199N +
7.9
479
? -3.6
13V
150 Findel
5K
2.1 22.0
188 DFS Furn?
V
365V
5425
286N
21N ?
34N +
215
490 Impellam Grpv
?
18K Rockhopper Explnv
592K ?
32O Debenhams?
2225
?
29N
521W Dairy Farm Intl
57X
?
?
? -3.1
687K
5.9
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?
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1.8 13.9
810
22K 2.0 11.7
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5
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886K +
K
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1N 8.8
523 Homeserve?
48K
1015
+
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352O
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?
28Y +
56K ?
147V Hays
1490
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774K Polymetal Intl
5575 Randgold Res
11N ?
?
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509X +
8190
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?
8
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2.0 23.8
73N +
945
7V Rambler Met&Minv
31
29
64 HRG Hogg Rob?
1503
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83
?
3K
?
1K
? -2.8
?
5 Providence Resv
?
30K ?
11K 11.4
2W Proton Power Sysv
13N
30 HML Hldgsv
4.0
72K +
10Y CPPGroupv
41Y
?
44N Premier Oil
3Y
194W
W
+
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1Y
23K BowLevenv
96
2.6
1V
1O
439O BP?
606
?
1V
1O BMR Groupv
36K
?
?
1X Border & Sthn Petv
524X
?
? -1.6
8X
8K Bougainville
?
?
5
22O
12K
9
55Y Plexus Holdingsv
1095
1Y
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5V Havelock Eurov
7Y ?
16K
? -6.8
220 Hargeaves Servv
40
?
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5W Petro Matadv
5Y Petropavlovsk
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8K
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1
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15
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4O 3.3 14.9
175
?
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465Y +
275Y +
295
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6.8
150 Carpetright
257V +
? -5.4
?
1.5
236K Card Factory
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2.0 26.4
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249K
217K FIH Groupv
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+
62K
355
?
229V G4S
6N Grafeniav
?
0.6
332K
12O
?
?
341
2K +
1W Petroneft Resv
3.9 11.0
58 Cambria Autov
?
+
1O Petrel Resourcesv
349 Petrofac
256
141K
? 27.9
3K
226K
200K Brown (N)?
76
301Y +
1
946
168 Booker Gp
357O
141K Gordon Dadds Grv
?
?
226X
535
289
2V
73O ?
7.8
? -2.0
+
107
64K
2K
+ 110
714
152O Equiniti Group
? -0.3
111K +
6310
545 Dunelm
310Y
408X Essentra
4775 ASOSv
44K Oxford Metricsv?
112
151 Proactis Hldgsv
3115
808
+
581K
103K AO World
13X
13K On Linev
197K
14000
7
617
? -6.4
Retailing
+
467 Electrocompnts?
1K 0.5 51.6
?
W
670
262N Gattacav
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433O ?
12Y
96K
1016
1N 1.4 26.2
153
?
263Y Worldpay
1.5 28.2
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402
339
? -6.9
? -0.2
42 Driver Groupv
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266 B&M European?
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433O
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227K
282
709
13K 2.5 13.2
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1.3 21.2
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200 World Car Netkv
1K 1.9 11.1
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? -9.0
27 Northamberv?
51N
87K
Y 3.3
?
130K +
?
?
227K
W YOLO Leisurev
4.2 43.8
? -6.8
32K
136K
1.9 15.1
?
37
212K Discoverie PLC
+
8Y
?
2.9 14.7
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1K 5.5 40.0
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30
1
?
66Y
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865
9.3
1
+
54K +
6K 1.4 21.2
+
34K
?
370
1594 Dignity
8Y Westminsterv
?
?
?
1.0 38.7
40K Netcallv?
353K +
5300
33K Parkmead Grpv
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1204
574 De La Rue?
22
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5N
?
?
2.5 45.5
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?
319 Auto Trader
?
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4V Viperav
135
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60 Petra Diamonds
2767
5860 DCC
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5480
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6W
703K
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90O Connect Gp
435 CPL Resourcesv
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1757K 1447X Compass
41
6V Universe Grpv
0.4 23.5
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3
3N
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76K Christie Groupv
V
2
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141K
21
?
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11K
937K
506K +
60O +
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4.5
1598
41N Pantheon Resv
O Patagonia Goldv
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1446 Experian
97
7Y Ovoca Goldv
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68
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16K Avocet
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2N Asiamet Rsrcsv
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191K
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364Y Oil Search
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433W
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+
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1
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298K Nostrum O&G
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1N Ormonde Miningv
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1O
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70K
15K Anglo Asian Mngv
69
? -4.0
?
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661K Antofagasta
270N +
V
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1480K +
34O
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13N ?
1508
1061
130K
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13O
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959W Ang Am
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?
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4K
8O Nautilus Marinev
18N
+
3
51K
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7.8
W
16N ?
33K MC MiningvV
59O Ophir Energy
405O +
31K CEPSv
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1K
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+
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15 Carillion
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2X Metals Explornv
2019 Bunzl?
51K
3Y ?
94
72K ?
238N
2Y
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?
? -3.3
2X Kefi Mineralsv
1O Landore Resv
48 Blancco Techv
706K +
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1Y Kemin Resourcesv
65K Lamprell
654K Babcock?
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+
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?
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783
15K +
3Y ?
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355V Kaz Minerals
1X Avisenv
3K
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240 Kenmare Res
115K
W
Natural resources
3W Jubilee Metalsv
280
2465
11
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275 AssetCov
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11 JKX Oil & Gas
1.8 31.0
+
308
33K
2
1947
?
?
?
1534 Ashtead
?
?
+
12Y Thruvision Groupv
?
188
?
?
W
70
41
N
6425
2X
W
1731
8O Nasstarv
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4.1 16.5
66K +
37V ?
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11
V
10
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16 ITM Powerv
1391 RELX PLC
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13V +
50K ?
48 Begbies Traynorv
53X
1
207K
11Y Tanfieldv
567K +
5X
3K 8.6 -3.1
1782
32N Anglev
73Y
?
177 Synecticsv
16W
? -3.8
969K
2V
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287K
3.4 16.4
? -3.3
1Y Ironveldv
X
? -0.3
?
? 34.6
5
N Reabold Resourcesv
?
18
?
?
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427K Andrews Sykesv
+
12K
1N
136K +
25N ?
26
K
W
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2K 3.9 18.3
119K Quarto
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22K Nanoco Gp
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6W +
457K
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184K Microgen
46
23K
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5O Lombard Riskv
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37K
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157N +
506K
12K 3.8 17.8
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1852
14Y
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368K +
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149K AA
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285 SThree
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387K +
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322K
1550 4imprint Grp
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+
369O
16
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3
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2V 21st Cent Techv
827 Staffline Gpv
1W
22O +
2453
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
?
2O
? -0.8
W Infrastratav
1450
1W Servisionv
22N Servocav
1864 Smurfit Kappa
12 month
High Low Company
?
6X
1Y
+
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? ZCI
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636K +
?
+
? Primorus Invv
1O Xtract Resourcesv
19K
+
N
5O Westmount Engyv
560 Wood Grp (J)
2453
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
?
1O ?
15X ?
34
284 Indus Gasv
1X West Africa Minsv
1
K
55000
1
180
460
N Weatherly Intlv
W
5Y
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5.5
Professional &
support services
726
5N
+
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+
+
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+
27
0.1
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12 month
High Low Company
6O
149N Photo-Me
4825X
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30
70
59
361
187W
58K
3W
128K
48
595
575
12K HaiKe Chemv
?
V
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566K Pearson
73
Media
?
5K ?
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6X
894K
500
187O
22O
+
+
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89K
2K
4X
827K
541
280Y
1935
230
?
4845
7Y
130
599
332
144K
940
8X
81K
537K
929K
425
225
90
4624
829K
172O
145K
113N
365K
580
6X
265Y
8590
104
1092K
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243Y
287Y
13K
53K
78N
670K
32K
117O
1488
1
1257
3851
313N
1369K
1110
+
8.0
121K Highlnd Gd Mnv
2Y
Leisure
3Y Gulfsands Petlmv
115
2K 1.9 29.4
191K
?
348
378
Y
? -2.6
1 Goldstone Resv
2
356O +
?
2N
2.8
165N ?
292 M&C Saatchiv
1V
?
173
380
6O 0.7 32.0
?
146Y ITV
K
60K +
7O
150 ITE Group
3
48 Volga Gasv
K
317V +
219K
+
61K
? 57.5
5V Goldplatv
195N
24K +
? -0.9
N
744
? -5.8
2
317V Gold Fields
?
?
21
1
575 Vedanta Res
K
+
8N
?
2K 2.6 29.5
775
2V
? Vast Resv
53N ?
33047K
?
737K ?
496 Just Eat
1X Global Petrolv
369K +
X
32N Victoria Oil&Gasv
?
1102
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
77
?
? 26.1
629K Informa
824
3V
+
12 month
High Low Company
? -3.6
? -7.9
N
1.1 26.2
761
+
123O
? Frontera Resv
?
116K
24N Jaywingv
O
1198
413K
394
?
W Edenville Energyv
1027 Euromoney In Inv?
1O
1044
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
14O
325
Investment
companies
12 month
High Low Company
123K
4400
Industrials
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
?
uAIM company; # Price at suspension;
? Ex dividend; ? Ex scrip; s Ex rights issue;
t Ex all; � Ex capital distribution; * figures
or report awaited; . . . No significant data.
Companies in bold are constituents of the
FTSE 100 Index. Investment Cos sector Nav
Dis or Prm supplied by Morningstar.
Data as shown is
for information
purposes only. No offer is made by
Morningstar or this publication
558
1G M
Tuesday December 19 2017 | the times
Register
Obituaries
Heather Stewart
Bush pilot known as ?All-weather Heather? who flew relief missions into Sudan
In 40 years of flying missionaries, mercenaries, armed rebels and the liberators of slaves, Heather Stewart developed a few tricks of the trade, such as
stuffing her nostrils with cotton wool
dipped in camphor when airlifting
wounded fighters who had contracted
gangrene. The dangerous and physically uncomfortable war zones of the
Horn of Africa were her bailiwick. She
put herself in the line of fire as a matter
of course to deliver goods and rescue
the afflicted in Somalia and what was
then southern Sudan. When calculated
risk dissolved into a brush with death,
she laughed it off.
Home for her was the Africa that
wrings the heart or sets it thumping ?
hundreds of thousands of square miles
of wild and untrammelled bush, forest
and swamp inhabited by militiamen,
child slaves, 7ft-tall Dinka generals,
priests and aid workers. Stewart honed
her skills by putting down her aircraft
on landing strips so dubious that many
male colleagues refused to use them.
Her reputation for unflustered flight in
dodgy environments was such that it
even overshadowed her striking looks.
She started her career in aviation ferrying tourists and businessmen around
the game parks of east Africa. Tired of
the monotony of life as an airborne taxi,
she got a break in 1990 from a Somali
businessman. He offered her a position
in the lucrative trade in miraa, which is
also known as khat, a leafy bush sought
after by teetotal Muslim Somalis for
the amphetamine buzz that comes
from munching on the stalks. Stewart?s
job was to ferry sacks of the narcotic to
an airstrip on the outskirts of Mogadishu, taking off at first light from Wilson
airport in Nairobi come rain or shine.
It was to earn her the sobriquet ?Allweather Heather?.
A year later President Siad Barre was
toppled and his country descended into
anarchy. The Baledogle airstrip outside
the capital was now patrolled by militiamen in stripped-down vehicles
mounted with anti-aircraft guns. Intoxicated and unpredictable, they were
armed with AK-47s and hand grenades.
Stewart often unloaded to a back-
ground riff of gunfire as rival militias
squabbled over the take. On one trip
she was about to taxi down the runway
when yet another gun battle erupted.
This time she was the target. Her
aircraft, a Navajo Chieftain, took a bullet, which passed an inch from Stewart?s
head, then emerged from the fuselage
and took a chunk out of the propeller
blade. ?I couldn?t see any leaking fuel,
and the engine seemed to be running
OK, but I sat there for ten minutes
because I knew that if I moved, they?d
shoot me,? she said.
Back at Wilson airport the plane was
patched up and three days later Stewart
was in the air again. She continued to fly
to Somalia for a few more years to pay
for her second son, Christopher, to go
to an English boarding school. He later
graduated from Sandhurst and subsequently joined the Army Air Corps and
served in Iraq as a helicopter pilot.
Her aircraft took a
bullet, which passed an
inch from Stewart?s head
His mother was born Heather Tarbutt, the younger of two sisters, in
London in 1939 to Jean and Arthur Tarbutt. Her father fought in France during
the First World War and was awarded
the Military Cross. In 1921 he settled in
Jos in the northern highlands of Nigeria, where he managed the family tin
mine. In keeping with the mores of the
times, Jean gave birth to her daughter
in England and was trapped there with
her two small girls for the duration of
the Second World War. In 1945 Stewart
and her elder sister, ?Roro?, flew unaccompanied to Lagos in an RAF DC3
transport aircraft via Portugal, Morocco and Sierra Leone. The journey took
three days. Stewart was six.
Once at Jos, she embarked on a colonial childhood replete with pet donkeys
and servants. She was first sent to the
local mission school and then to South
Africa. By mutual agreement with her
father, who saw no profit in educating
girls, she abandoned school at the age
of 15 in favour of flower arranging and
cooking at Eastbourne Ladies? College.
By her own admission, she never
passed an exam.
Her private life was a little complex.
At the age of 18 Stewart took a job as
a salesgirl in the toy department of
Harrods and met and married Maurice
French, a captain in the Royal Fusiliers.
A year later, in 1958, he was seconded
to the King?s African Rifles and they
moved to Kenya with their son, Dominic. Soon after giving birth to a daughter,
Nicola, at the age of 21, she was introduced to Tony Irwin at a lunch party.
He was a jaunty bachelor about 20
years her senior who had fought in
Burma and had more recently been in
charge of the imperial stables in Addis
Ababa. After an aborted coup against
the Ethiopian emperor, Haile Selassie,
in 1960, Irwin drove his Land Rover to
Kenya, accompanied by his dog.
By 1963 Stewart, who was now 24,
had married Irwin and added two more
daughters, Susie and Tara, to her brood.
Her second husband was a keen pilot
and took his young bride on safaris
around the country. She realised the
moment she soared up beneath the
clouds and looked down on a landscape
of fissured mountains and khaki plains
that she had found her calling. She had
to fly. Irwin scoffed at the prospect of
his wife calculating compass readings
and air speeds, and posed a question
that, she said later, made her freeze. ?If
one sausage costs five cents, how much
do 20 sausages cost??
Despite her sketchy maths, Stewart
eventually persuaded Irwin ? through
characteristic determination, some
said obstinacy ? to pay for flying
lessons as a belated wedding gift. Her
instructor was James Stewart, a
handsome former policeman who
would soon be the father of her fifth
and last child, Christopher.
As children piled up and husbands
fell by the wayside, Stewart?s career as
a commercial pilot blossomed, but her
bank statements left something to be
desired. She flew from dawn to dusk to
put food on the table. A lively character
with a pronounced sense of fun,
Stewart rarely drank or went to parties
because of her flying schedule. She was
that social rarity, an attractive woman
liked in equal measure by both sexes. As
for the legions of suitors who held out
the promise of a comfortable future,
they fell by the wayside because of her
passion for flying.
Stewart?s fortunes turned in her fifties
when, single once more, she stepped
into the civil war in southern Sudan. She
won contracts with the United Nations
to fly food and medicines across the border from a staging post at Lokichoggio,
a flyblown settlement in northern
Kenya. The UN had negotiated a deal
with the Sudanese government that allowed its agencies to operate in some
areas. Any aircraft flying in forbidden
airspace was likely to be attacked.
While carrying out sanctioned
flights for the UN, Stewart also ran the
gauntlet to supply the Comboni Missionaries, who were building a mission
in the rebel-held town of Rumbek. She
would take off at 4am to avoid detection, charting her course with a Shell
road map, compass and clock. She flew
beneath the stars, without the benefit of
radio communication or GPS, over a
?Bermuda triangle? of countryside
where there were neither buildings nor
Harry Blamires, here in 2010, always
wore a tie, even when he was at home
wife, Clara. In 1926 Tom was the first
person in his street to buy a car, and
Harry learnt to drive his trucks while
still a child. He was once taken to
Bradford wholesale market at 4am and
recalled how the men there would chat
over the first edition of the daily newspaper. ?They would be laughing together,? he recalled, ?about what ?they?
were getting up to down in London?.
From Grange High School in Bradford he went to study English at University College, Oxford, where his tutor
was CS Lewis. He considered Lewis to
be ?the belle of the ball? whose lectures
were ?the best by far? and would be
delivered to packed houses. He was less
complimentary about those of JRR
Tolkien, noting tartly that ?as few as
half a dozen would attend his lectures
on Anglo-Saxon?.
On leaving Oxford in 1939 Blamires
became a conscientious objector and
was appointed to the staff of High
Pavement school in Nottingham, but
was relieved of his duties when the local
education authority decided that it
could no longer employ men who
refused to enlist.
He was accepted by Beltane, a ?progressive? school run by Andrew
?Tommy? Tomlinson. Joining a school
named after the druid festival of fire
might have seemed a challenging
appointment for such a rigorous
Christian thinker, but Blamires became
a respected figure there over eight
years, during which the school was
evacuated from London to Melksham
in Wiltshire. Among his pupils was
Hilary Ann Bardwell, who went on to
become the first wife of Kingsley Amis
and the mother of Martin.
In 1940 Blamires married Nancy, his
childhood sweetheart. She walked
down the aisle at St Wilfrid?s Church in
Bradford in a wedding dress made out
of parachute silk. It was a happy
Harry Blamires
Prot間� of CS Lewis and authority on James Joyce
who was once booed off stage at Kent University
As the self-styled scourge of ?trendy
theologians?, Harry Blamires considered it a badge of honour when he was
booed off stage by theology students at
the University of Kent in the mid1960s.
With his fogeyish attire and his unreconstructed belief that the Church of
England would be doomed if it tried to
modernise, he made no concessions to
the sensibilities of redbrick universities.
The students? abusive response did
not worry him unduly, because he preferred the company of his own set and
enjoyed stirring things up, as he had
done with his book The Christian Mind
in 1963. It had been a counterblast to the
fashionable ?South Bank? theologians
of the day, warning that their approach
would herald an age of humanist
secularism and moral relativism.
The book gained a wide readership
in seminaries and other Christian
institutions and was especially popular
in the US. Blamires was frequently
invited to lecture in America and The
Christian Mind is still a set text at many
universities there.
He published more than 30 books
after that, notably The Bloomsday Book
(1966), his commentary on James
Joyce?s Ulysses, and Word Unheard, a
guide to TS Eliot?s Four Quartets that
was reprinted in June.
Harold Blamires was born in Bradford in 1916, the son of Tom Blamires,
who worked himself up from barrow
boy to prosperous greengrocer, and his
Heather Stewart in the 1990s in Lokichoggio, a settlement in northern Kenya on
the times | Tuesday December 19 2017
59
1G M
Great Scottish Lives is published by Collins (�.99).
To order your copy for 30 per cent off plus free p&p
visit timesbooks.co.uk or call 0844 5768122
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MIRELLA RICCIARDI
Tommy Horton
Ryder Cup golfer who became known as
?last green Horton? on account of his putting skills
the border with Sudan, which served as a staging post for her United Nations deliveries of food and medicines
roads. A roast chicken for the priests
nestled in a basket on the co-pilot?s seat.
Minutes before first light she ?painted?
her aircraft on to a length of dirt lit at
each end by a kerosene lamp.
It was a sweet deal for both sides.
Stewart, a Protestant, risked her life for
the Catholic church. In return the
diocese of Rumbek lent her the money
to buy a twin-engine Cessna. It was the
first aircraft of her own and the cornerstone for her charter company, Trackmark. At its peak Trackmark operated
18 aircraft. Stewart built a camp for
her 22 pilots at Lokichoggio, which she
turned into an oasis of such good
taste that aid workers stayed for R&R.
Her daughters Tara and Susie
worked for Trackmark for many years,
running the camp and the Nairobibased operations. Her elder daughter,
Nicola, is married to the Kenya hotelier
David Stogdale, while their daughter
flies a helicopter in Florida. Her first
child, Dominic, lives in London.
At the age of 69 she retired as a commercial pilot and moved to the Kenyan
coast, where she hosted an expanding
brood that included 12 grandchildren
and one great-grandchild.
At the end of it all, she had logged
more than 20,000 hours? flying time,
the equivalent of 800 days in the air.
Her courage, coupled with her windchime laughter and ever-present sense
of the ridiculous, inspired many people.
To honour the work she had done for
the Catholic church, Bishop Cesare
Mazzolari took her to Rome for an audience with Pope John Paul II. She was
perhaps best appreciated, though, by
those who had been forgotten. The Turkana children of northern Kenya called
her Nakitana ? ?The One Who Cares?.
marriage that produced five sons, and
she was an ever-willing sounding board
for his literary ideas. Nancy died in 2011.
He is survived by their sons: Gabriel, a
former personnel manager; Alcuin, an
emeritus professor of English literature
at Goldsmiths, University of London;
Cyprian, who combines charity work
with writing; Fabian, who works in marketing; and Ben, a lawyer.
Lewis continued to mentor Blamires
as he embarked on his writing career
and their correspondence can be found
in the Bodleian Library. ?He [Lewis] was
very approachable. He wanted to talk
about you and about himself,? recalled
Blamires.
In 1948 he joined the staff of the
English department at King Alfred?s
Teacher Training College in Winchester, where he became dean of arts and
sciences, but never lost his creative
approach. After one of his classes acted
out scenes from Hamlet, he was
delighted to hear a student carry a dish
of roast beef to a table in the dining hall
and declare: ?My tables! ? Meet it is I
set it down.?
Blamires was much involved in King
Alfred?s transition into the University
of Winchester and ended his teaching
career there in 1976 as ?dean of degrees?. He retired to Cumbria that year
to pursue writing full-time. His preoccupation with Samuel Beckett and
Joyce led him to ponder the nature of
?Irishness?. ?The English are allergic to
Christianity, while the Irish readily get
hooked on it,? he remarked in his CS
Lewis Memorial Lecture of 1982.
He followed this up even more
provocatively
and
drolly
with
reference to liberal Protestant English
theologians: ?The spectacle of
unbelievers who seem unable to get
Christianity out of their systems is an
Irish spectacle, whereas the spectacle of
supposed believers, especially theolo-
gians, who seem incapable of getting
Christianity into their systems, is
plainly an English spectacle.?
A redoubtable contrarian, Blamires
combined hostility to the establishment with loyalty to the established
church. As a gentleman of the left in
the 1980s, he could not read The Times
until he had covered up every picture of
Margaret Thatcher.
He always wore a tie, even at home,
where he would concoct jokes based on
wordplay. He could not resist satirising
writers who he considered were taken
too seriously. Hence the first stanza of
William Blake?s The Tyger was
rendered: ?Sexton, sexton, getting tight/
In the local overnight,/ What artistic
hand or eye/ Would frame thy fearful
cemetery??
Heather Stewart, pilot, was born on
March 3, 1939. She died of leukaemia on
October 21, 2017, aged 78
Harry Blamires, writer and teacher, was
born on November 6, 1916. He died on
November 21, 2017, aged 101
Tommy Horton was only 15 when his
headmaster at Hautlieu School in the
Channel Islands told him unequivocally that, as he would never be a scholar, he might as well take a job as assistant to the professional at Royal Jersey
Golf Club. Horton and his brother, who
lived on the perimeter of the course,
had grown up playing the game with
walking sticks and then caddying for
members. The advice was not spurned.
Horton?s career, which encompassed
two Ryder Cups and lasted more than
half a century, was inextricably linked
to Royal Jersey. ?Tommy came from a
very poor background,? said his wife,
Helen, ?but he became the last club professional to take part on the European
Tour.? He also enjoyed considerable
success on the Senior Tour, winning 23
times, a record until surpassed by Carl
Mason in 2011.
?Tommy could be pig-headed and
stubborn, but he was also kind and
thoughtful, very forward-thinking, and
he made the most of his talents,? Peter
Alliss, the golf commentator, said. The
affection in which Horton was held in
the game was evident when he was in a
hospice on Jersey this year. His friend
Tony Jacklin, who had lived on the
island, phoned him to see how he was,
adding: ?I?ve got Jack Nicklaus with me
and he would like to speak to you.?
A distinctive figure in something
akin to a pork-pie hat, Horton triumphed eight times on the European
Tour. He also won the John Jacobs Trophy as the Senior Tour?s No 1 player on
a record five occasions and became a
course designer, broadcaster and an
author of instructional books, in addition to his coaching at Royal Jersey.
Thomas Alfred
Horton,
given
the
same
names as his
father, was born
in St Helens,
Merseyside, on
account of his
family being
evacuated
from
Jersey
before the German occupation
during the Second
World War.
Horton Sr, who
returned in 1945
after serving with
the army in Europe,
was a poor agricultural worker on the
island; his rented
house had no running water or lavatory. Although their circumstances were far removed
from those of many of the golfers at Royal Jersey, they did
have the priceless advantage
of proximity to the course.
As an assistant at the club
and subsequently at Ham
Manor in Angmering, West
Sussex, Horton Jr learnt how
to make clubs before turning
professional in 1957. He finished in the top ten of the
Open four times, won a
number of tournaments
before and after the
founding of the Euro-
pean Tour in 1972 and played in the Ryder Cup in 1975 and 1977. He also won
the South African Open in 1970, the
first non-resident of the country to do
so. He was professional at Royal Jersey
for 25 years until his retirement in 1999
and played his final round there a few
days before he died.
Horton met his wife, Helen Doddington, at Sundridge Park in Bromley,
Kent, near her home in Orpington. He
had been sponsored as one of Ernest
Butten?s ?Butten Boys? at the residential golf school there. She was working
as a secretary near by. They had two
children: Justin, who teaches graphics,
and Georgina, who is taking a
post-graduate degree in counselling.
Horton?s brother, Peter, became a
prominent footballer on Jersey.
?Tommy was sensible with his
money,? Alliss said. ?He bought
properties on the island.?
John Hopkins, former golf correspondent of The Times, recalled him as
?not a physically impressive man. He
had coat-hanger shoulders and long
legs and always looked as lean as a
butcher?s pencil. So he did not have the
physical tools to hit the ball as far as
some, or perhaps any of his peers.
?What he could do and did do was hit
?Horton hit his irons
very crisply and had
a magical short game?
his irons very crisply and he had a magical short game. That required skill, not
strength, and lots and lots of hard work
? and Tommy was prepared to put in
the necessary time to become very
good at it. He was intelligent and was
both a gentle man and a gentleman.?
So adept was his putting that he was
known as ?last green Horton?.
His proudest achievement was
founding a golf school for young professionals in 1978, coaching, among
others, Ian Woosnam.
His own prize money
topped �million. He remained permanently grateful
for the advent of the Senior
Tour. ?This was a fantastic bonus
for us,? he said. ?When I was on the
European Tour we didn?t make as
much money as they do now, so
the Senior Tour was our
pension, a way of making sure
players made a provision for
themselves. In the early days the
players weren?t as ready for senior
golf as they are now, but I was still
fit and enjoyed a lot of success. I
thought it would have been fantastic
to have reached 25 wins, but I didn?t
quite make it. Yet every day I have
woken up and looked forward to
playing golf.?
Tommy Horton, MBE, golfer, was born
on June 16, 1941. He was suffering from
a blood disorder when he died on
December 7, 2017, aged 76
60
1G M
Tuesday December 19 2017 | the times
Register
Law Report
Births, Marriages and Deaths
Judicial review not
available to taxpayer
AND it came to pass in those days, that
there went out a decree from Caesar
Augustus, that all the world should be
taxed. (And this taxing was first made
when Cyrenius was governor of Syria.)
And all went to be taxed, every one into
his own city. Luke 2.1-3 (AV)
MORETON燢athleen燤ildred�(n閑
Haliday)燿ied爌eacefully爋n�th
December�17,燼ged�.燘eloved爓ife
of爐he爈ate燤artin,燿early爈oved爉other
of燝regory燼nd燡amie燼nd爂randmother
of燫owan,燨livia,燭amsin燼nd燞azel.燗ll
enquiries爐o燗lan燝reenwood�&燬ons.
Tel:�372�7377.
O'BRIEN燭he燣ady燨'Brien爋f燣othbury
Court of Appeal
Published: December 19, 2017
Regina (Glencore Energy UK Ltd) v
Revenue and Customs
Commissioners
Before Lady Justice Gloster, Lord Justice
Sales and Lord Justice Singh
[2017] EWCA Civ 1716
Judgment: November 2, 2017
A taxpayer seeking to challenge
a charging notice issued for
diverted profits tax under Part 3
of the Finance Act 2015 could
not ordinarily rely on judicial
review because there was a
remedy available in the form of a
statutory review, in conjunction
with a right of appeal to the
First-tier
Tribunal
(Tax
Chamber) if the taxpayer was
dissatisfied with that review.
The Court of Appeal so stated
when refusing an application for
judicial review of such a notice,
issued by HM Revenue and
Customs, brought by Glencore
Energy UK Ltd, the taxpayer.
Mr Sam Grodzinski, QC, Mr
James Henderson and Mr
James Segan for the taxpayer;
Mr Timothy Brennan, QC,
and Ms Georgia Hicks for the
revenue.
Lord Justice Sales said that
the revenue considered that the
taxpayer was liable in relation to
profits from its oil-trading
business that the revenue
maintained had been diverted to
its parent company in Switzerland, so as to constitute ?taxable
diverted profits? within the
meaning of Part 3 of the Finance
Act 2015.
A preliminary notice was
issued, followed by a charging
notice. The taxpayer paid the
sum and the revenue instituted a
review of the charging notice as
required by section 101 of
the 2015 act.
In the meantime, the taxpayer
issued a claim for judicial review
of the charging notice rather
than waiting to appeal to the tribunal under section 102 of the
act. Mr Justice Green refused to
grant permission to apply for
judicial review on the grounds
that the taxpayer had suitable
alternative remedies under the
act. The Court of Appeal granted permission to apply for judicial review, retained the case
and itself heard the application.
The principle that judicial
review would be refused where a
suitable alternative remedy was
available was based on the fact
that judicial review in the High
Court was ordinarily a remedy
of last resort.
The principle was applicable
in the present tax context. The
basic object of the tax regime
was to ensure that tax was properly collected when it was due
and the taxpayer was not
otherwise obliged to pay sums to
the state. The regime for appeals
on the merits in tax cases was
directed to securing that basic
objective and was more effective
than judicial review to do so ? it
ensured that a taxpayer was
only ultimately liable to pay
tax if the law said so, not because
the revenue considered that
it should.
To allow judicial review to
intrude alongside the appeal
regime risked disrupting the
smooth collection of tax and the
efficient functioning of the
appeal procedures in a way that
was not warranted by the need
to protect the fundamental
interests of the taxpayer.
Those interests were ordinarily
sufficiently and appropriately
protected by the appeal regime.
Because the basic objective of
the tax regime was the proper
collection of tax that was due,
which was directly served by
application of the law to the
facts on an appeal once the tax
collection process had been
initiated, the lawfulness of the
approach adopted by the
revenue when taking the
decision to initiate the process
was not of central concern.
Moreover, by legislating for a
full right of appeal on fact and
law, parliament contemplated
that there would be cases where
there might have been some
error of law by the revenue at
the initiation stage, but also
contemplated that the appropriate way to deal with that sort
of problem would be by way
of appeal.
Apart from the review procedure under section 101, the
present statutory context was a
typical one of assessment by the
revenue of a taxpayer to tax,
with the taxpayer having a right
of appeal against that assessment on the merits. There was
nothing exceptional about the
nature of the objections that the
taxpayer had raised in relation
to the charging notice.
The application for judicial
review would be refused
because a suitable alternative
remedy was available in the
form of the review under section
101 of the 2015 act in conjunction with the right of appeal to
the First-tier Tribunal under
section 102 of the act. Upon
examination, the taxpayer?s
grounds for seeking judicial
review were not made out on
their merits.
Lord Justice Singh delivered
a concurring judgment. Lady
Justice Gloster agreed with both
judgments.
Solicitors: Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer; Solicitor, HM
Revenue and Customs.
Court Circular
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Christopher,燽rother爐o燙harlie燼nd燘en.
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proud爐o燼nnounce爐he燼rrival爋f爐heir
first燿aughter,營ris燞arper.燭he燽aby
weighed�b�z.
Forthcoming
Marriages
MR C.J. HURST
AND燤ISS E.Z.L. HOWESON
The爀ngagement爄s燼nnounced燽etween
Christopher,爏on爋f燤r燼nd燤rs燡ohn
Hurst爋f燢nowle,燬olihull,燼nd燛mma,
eldest燿aughter爋f燤r燼nd燤rs燗nthony
Howeson爋f燩laxtol,燢ent.
MR D.B.K. CLARE
AND燤ISS F.C.R. WESTGARTH
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youngest燿aughter爋f燤r燼nd燤rs燦igel
Westgarth爋f燬t燬aviour,燝uernsey.
Anniversaries
SWINBURNE :燚ARVELL
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anniversary爐oday.燗燿evoted燾ouple,
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director,爌roducer燼nd爓riter,燿ied
peacefully爋n�th燚ecember,
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CARTWRIGHT燬ylvia燤ary燙artwright
(n閑燜ox)爋f燘anstead,燬urrey,爋n�th
December�17,燼ged�,燿ied
peacefully燼t爃ome.燩rivate燾remation,
followed燽y燼爏ervice爋f爐hanksgiving
at燗ll燬aints燙hurch,燘anstead,燼t�m,
on燜riday�th燡anuary.
CLIBBORN燡ohn燚onovan燦elson
Dalla燫osa燙MG爋n�th燚ecember
2017,燼ged�,燼fter燼爏hort爄llness.
Beloved爃usband,燽est爁riend燼nd
soulmate爋f燡uliet爁or�爕ears.燣oving
father爐o營mogen,燘enedict燼nd
Araminta.燚evoted爂randfather爐o
Hannah,燝race,燩oppy,營sabella燼nd
Lucy.燩rivate燾remation.燤emorial
mass爀nd爋f燜ebruary,爀arly燤arch.
Dates爐o燽e燼nnounced.
EVANS燤ary,爓idow爋f營euan燼nd
mother爐o燩eter,燡ane,燬imon,
Jonathan燼nd燤ark,燿ied爌eacefully爋n
3rd燚ecember�17,燼ged�.燱e爓ill
miss爃er.燜uneral�h燡anuary.
Enquiries燣燜ulcher燜uneral燚irectors.
Tel:�284�9187.
GIBSON營an燝ilbert燿ied爌eacefully爋n
12th燚ecember�17,燼ged�,燼t爃ome.
Beloved爃usband爋f爐he爈ate燬hirley,
much-loved爁ather爋f燙atherine燼nd
Alastair燼nd爂randfather爋f燞ugo,
Harriet,燜elicity燼nd燗melia.燩rivate
cremation.燭hanksgiving爏ervice燼t燬t
Mary's,燬tratton,爋n�d燜ebruary
2018,燼t爊oon.燚onations,爄f燿esired,爐o
Sightsavers爋r燜uture燫oots,燾/o
www.grassby-funeral.co.uk.
JAMES燗nthony�(Tony)燿ied爋n�h
December�17,燼ged�.燣oving
husband,燽rother,爁ather燼nd
grandfather.燜uneral爏ervice燼t燬t
Peter's燙hurch,燞arrold,燼t�m,爋n�h
January�18.燜amily爁lowers爋nly
please.燚onations,爄f燿esired,爐o爐he
Alzheimer's燬ociety,燾/o燗燣�&燝
Abbott,燜uneral燚irectors,�0燘edford
Rd,燢empston,燘edford,燤K42�H.
JOHNSTON燛uan燿ied爋n�th
Foundation, this morning held a
Meeting.
Buckingham Palace
18th December, 2017
The Earl of Wessex, Chairman of
the Board of Trustees, The Duke of
Edinburgh?s International Award
Births
Buckingham Palace
18th December, 2017
The Princess Royal, Prime Warden,
the Fishmongers? Company,
accompanied by Vice-Admiral Sir
Tim Laurence, this evening
attended a Carol Service in St
Magnus the Martyr, Lower Thames
Street, London EC3, followed by a
Reception at Fishmongers? Hall,
London Bridge, London EC4.
December�17.燝reatly爈oved爃usband
of燗ngel燼nd爁ather爋f燩atrick.燗
darling爂randfather爐o燗lice,燤olly,
Henry燼nd燩atrick.燭hanksgiving
service爓ill燽e爃eld燼t燙hallock燙hurch,
TN25�P,爋n燭hursday�th燡anuary,
at�m.燜or爁amily燼nd燾lose爁riends.
燗lexander
James�(Jim)燿ied爌eacefully爋n�th
December�17,燼ged�,燼fter燼爈ong
struggle爓ith燗lzheimer's.燭he爁uneral
will燽e燼t燬t燗nne,燬cottish
Episcopalian燙hurch,燤ain燬treet,
Strathpeffer,燫oss-shire,營V14�W,燼t
11am,爋n燜riday�h燡anuary,爓ith
burial燼t爐he燬trathconon燘urial
Ground,燼t�m.燗ll燼re爓elcome.燗
memorial爏ervice爄n爐he爏outh,爓ill燽e
arranged燼t燼爈ater燿ate.
passed燼way爌eacefully爋n�th
December�17,燼ged�爕ears.燘eloved
mother,爓ife,爂randmother,爂reatgrandmother,燤arjorie爓ill燽e爂reatly
missed燽y爁amily燼nd爁riends.燗爏ervice
of爐hanksgiving爓ill燽e爃eld燼t燬t
Mary?s燙hurch,燨xted,爄n爀arly燡anuary
(details爐o燽e燾onfirmed).
ROOTH燛dward�(Woody)爋f燘radford-
on-Avon,燿ied爋n�th燚ecember�17,
aged�,燼t爐he燫UH,燘ath.燤ost
precious爃usband,爁ather,爂randfather,
brother,燼nd爁riend爐o爏o爉any.燜amily
funeral,燽ut燼爐hanksgiving爓ill爁ollow.
SHORTEN燩auline died爌eacefully爋n
12th燚ecember�17,燼ged�.燱idow
of燡ohn燼nd燽eloved爉other爋f燛mma.
Funeral爓ill爐ake爌lace燼t燬t燤ary燼nd
St燘laise燙hurch,燘oxgrove,爋n�th
December,燼t�pm.
SUTHERLAND燞elen燘arbara燿ied
peacefully爋n�th燚ecember�17,
aged�.燬he爓ill燽e爂reatly爉issed燽y
family燼nd爉any爁riends.燭hanksgiving
service,爁ollowing爌rivate燾remation,燼t
2pm,爋n�d燡anuary�18,燼t燬t燤ary's
Church,燛ast燬t,燱est燙hiltington,
RH20�W.燜amily爁lowers爋nly.
Donations,爄f燿esired,爐o燤idhurst
Macmillan爒ia燜reemans,�燞igh燬t,
Billingshurst,燫H14�P.
SCULLY燚aniel燡oseph�(Don)
peacefully爄n爃is爏leep,燼t爃is爃ome爋n
the燱irral,爋n�th燚ecember�17,
aged�.燘eloved爃usband爋f爃is燼dored
late爓ife燢atherine�(Kit)燼nd爁ather爐o
daughters燘obbie燼nd燣iz.燗s爓ell燼s
his爋wn爁amily爃e爓as燼n爃onorary
uncle燼nd爂randdad爐o爉any爋thers.
Born爄n燙ork,營reland,爃e爓as燼燾itizen
of爐he爓orld.燞aving爐ravelled爓idely燼s
a燙hief燛ngineer爁or燩alm燣ine,爃e爈ater
became燨perations燼nd燤aintenance
Adviser爋r燚irector爐o,爒ariously,爐he
Port燪asim燗uthority,燩akistan,爐he
Saudi燩orts燗uthority,爐he燩ort爋f
Freetown,燬ierra燣eone燼nd爐he燦igerBenue燭ransport燙ompany,燦igeria.燞e
will燽e爉issed燽y爃is爉any爁riends
around爐he爓orld.燜uneral燼t�am,爋n
Thursday�st燚ecember,燜rankby
Cemetery,燱irral.
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NOTICE營S燞EREBY燝IVEN爐hat爐he
order爋f爐he燞igh燙ourt爋f燡ustice
(Business燼nd燩roperty燙ourts爋f
England燼nd燱ales,燙ompanies燙ourt
(ChD))燿ated�燚ecember�17
confirming爐he爎eduction爋f燾apital爋ff
Close燘rothers燝roup爌lc燽y燾ancelling
and爀xtinguishing爐he燼mount爏tanding
to爐he燾redit爋f爐he爏hare爌remium
account爓as爎egistered燽y爐he
Registrar爋f燙ompanies爋n�
December�17.
Dated爐he�th燿ay爋f燚ecember�17.
Slaughter燼nd燤ay爋f燨ne燘unhill燫ow,
London燛C1Y�Y,�+44�(0)20�00�00
(Ref:�9166/10393燫JZS/JSG/CJXD).
Solicitors爁or燙lose燘rothers燝roup爌lc.
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THOMPSON燬ara�(n閑燝otts)爋n�th
December�17,燽eloved爓ife爋f
Geoffrey,爉other燼nd爂randmother.
Funeral爏ervice燼t爐he燙hurch爋f爐he
Sacred燞eart,燬unningdale,燼t�am,爋n
Wednesday�d燡anuary�18.
Thanksgiving
Services
WORTH燗nthony燡ames燣ongmore
CVO.燗燬ervice爋f燭hanksgiving爓ill燽e
held燼t燣incoln燙athedral,燼t�am,爋n
12th燡anuary�18,爐o燾elebrate爃is爈ife.
In Memoriam - War
LE燩ROTEE營n爉emory爋f爐he�
French燼nd�oyal燦avy燾rew爋f爐he
Free燜rench爏ubmarine燣e燩rotee,爈ost
18th/19th燚ecember�43爋ff燙assis.
01371�6572,
Jackiekingdom@btinternet.com
Dinner
SERVICE燚INNER
Thirteen爉embers爋f燳pres燙ompany,
Intake�,燫oyal燤ilitary燗cademy
Sandhurst,爂athered燼t爐he燗rmy燼nd
Navy燙lub,爋n燭hursday�th
December,爐o燾elebrate爐he�th
anniversary爋f爐heir燩assing燨ut
Parade.燞is燤ajesty燞assanal燘olkiah
the燬ultan爋f燘runei燚arussalam爓as
in燼ttendance.燙olonel燤燡燙apper爓as
in爐he燾hair.燭el:�986�7089
mike@capper.email
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Birthday爐o燝arry燙ranfield!燱e燼ll
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of爐he燞igh燙ourt爋f燡ustice�(Chancery
Division)燿ated�燚ecember�17
confirming爐he燾ancellation爋f爐he
share爌remium燼ccount爋f爐he燼bovenamed燙ompany爐ogether爓ith爐he
statement爋f燾apital爎equired爐o燽e
registered爌ursuant爐o爐he燼bove
mentioned燼ct爓ere爎egistered燽y爐he
Registrar爋f燙ompanies爋n�
December�17.
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the times | Tuesday December 19 2017
61
1G M
Weather
Today Fog slowly clearing in central and eastern England. Elsewhere largely dry, but cloudy. Max 13C (55F), min 1C (34F)
Around Britain
Five days ahead
Key: b=bright, c=cloud, d=drizzle, pc=partly cloudy
du=dull, f=fair, fg=fog, h=hail, m=mist, r=rain,
sh=showers, sl=sleet, sn=snow, s=sun, t=thunder
*=previous day **=data not available
It will be a mild yet rather
cloudy spell. Mostly dry
and settled, but some
patchy light rain at times
Temp C
Rain mm Sun hr*
midday yesterday
24 hrs to 5pm yesterday
Aberdeen
Aberporth
Anglesey
Aviemore
Barnstaple
Bedford
Belfast
Birmingham
Bournemouth
Bridlington
Bristol
Camborne
Cardiff
Edinburgh
Eskdalemuir
Glasgow
Guernsey
Hereford
Herstmonceux
Ipswich
Isle of Man
Isle of Wight
Keswick
Kinloss
Leeds
Lerwick
Leuchars
Lincoln
Liverpool
London
Lyneham
Manchester
Margate
Milford Haven
Newcastle
Nottingham
Orkney
Oxford
Plymouth
Portland
Scilly, St Mary?s
Shoreham
Shrewsbury
Skye
Snowdonia
Southend
Stornoway
Tiree
Whitehaven
Wick
Yeovilton
3
8
8
5
7
**
6
4
7
6
8
10
9
5
-1
4
9
6
7
5
9
7
5
7
5
7
4
4
7
7
5
4
5
9
4
6
7
4
8
8
11
6
6
**
6
6
10
9
4
6
7
PC
S
PC
PC
S
**
PC
DU
S
PC
S
PC
S
S
FG
S
PC
S
S
PC
PC
S
PC
S
S
R
S
PC
S
S
S
FG
S
S
S
S
PC
S
S
S
PC
S
PC
**
S
S
DU
C
S
C
PC
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.4
1.8
**
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.4
2.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
**
0.0
3.6
1.6
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.2
0.4
1.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
2.6
0.0
**
0.0
0.4
0.2
0.0
0.2
0.2
0.0
1.5
0.0
0.0
0.2
**
**
0.0
**
0.0
**
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
**
**
0.0
0.0
0.0
**
**
0.3
**
0.0
0.7
0.0
**
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
**
**
0.0
0.3
**
**
**
**
0.0
0.5
**
**
0.0
2.3
0.0
**
**
0.0
Tomorrow
Feeling milder than of late in light
southwesterly winds. Patches of fog
in England andd W
Wales
Wale
alees
es att ?rst,
rst, then a
rather cloudyy afternoon.
af
aaftern
fternoon
ft
tteeern
tern
rn
noo
ooon
on
on LLaargely dry
but overcast
stt far
fa
farther
artthe
th
her
he
h
er no
nor
orrth.
oort
th.
Max 13C, m
min
in
n1
1C
C
9
3
37
Slight
Temperature
Shetland
Sh
1
11
18
1
8
Moderate
Rough
28 (degrees C)
1
12
10
0
20
0
11
At 17:00 on Monday there were
four ?ood alerts but no warnings
in England, and no ?ood alerts or
warnings in Wales and Scotland.
For further information and
updates, visit ?ood-warninginformation.service.gov.uk, and for
Scotland www.SEPA.org.uk
.uk
9
3
Aberdeen
NORTH
SEA
3
10
Edinburgh
Glasgow
18
8
11
Londonderry
ATLANTIC
OCEAN
Thursday
A weak weather front will bring
light and patchy rain across England
and Wales, butt remaining
rrema
emaaining
aining mild.
Drier, brighter
er an
er
aand
nd
nd slightl
slight
ssllightly
slig
lliiig
igh
ghtl
gght
gh
htl
h
htly
tly chillier in
tl
Scotland and
ndd N
No
Nort
Northern
North
Nor
orthern
orth
oorrth
tthe
he n IIrrelan
eland.
Max 12C, m
min
in
in 0
0C
C
Belfast
5
Dublin
11
Cork
Swansea
9
Christmas Eve
An unsettled day with a band of rain
spreading southeastwards across the
British Isles. Behind
Beh
ehi d the
ehin
t e front
th
fr
f ont there
will be scattere
ere
re
reedd showers
red
sho
sh
showe
oowers
ower
ow
weer
wer
w
e s across the
far north an
nd west.
weeest
wes
west
w
st
stt..
st.
Max 11C, m
min
in
in 1
1C
C
8
11
10
11
The Times weather
err
page is provided
by Weatherquestt
0
10
6
I N C LU D E S S E RV I C E S O F A N E X P E R I E N C E D TO U R M A N AG E R
14
-15
5
London
Brighton
CHANNEL
During the evening a band of light rain
will spread eastwards. Moderate to
fresh southwesterly winds. Maximum
11C (52F), minimum 4C (39F).
Mids, E Eng, E Anglia, Channel Is,
London, S Wales, SW Eng, SE Eng:
Freezing fog will be slow to clear
and may linger into the afternoon in
some areas. It will be a largely cloudy
day with a few brighter spells. Light
southwesterly winds. Maximum
9C (48F), minimum 1C (34F).
Cen Highland, Glasgow, SW Scotland,
10
0
Lake District, IoM, NW England,
N Wales: Overcast with some light
rain or drizzle, this will persist over
high ground. Moderate southwesterly
winds. Maximum 9C (48F), minimum
5C (41F).
Aberdeen, Edinburgh & Dundee,
NE Eng
Eng, Borders
Borders, Cen N Eng: A dry day
with variable amounts of cloud and
some brighter spells, particularly to
the east of high ground. Feeling mild.
Light westerly winds. Maximum
13C (55F), minimum 6C (43F).
Noon today
01:48
07:40
11:50
07:30
06:09
11:42
12:10
05:42
00:41
00:03
10:52
06:43
03:09
11:45
02:13
10:09
06:43
11:48
11:37
05:33
06:08
05:08
12:02
11:45
01:41
06:51
04:08
07:09
Ht
4.1
12.7
3.6
11.9
5.4
6.4
4.0
5.0
3.4
3.9
5.6
7.0
5.3
9.2
6.8
2.4
6.7
9.1
6.5
6.8
4.0
5.4
4.6
6.0
4.2
9.1
5.1
2.1
13:56
19:59
--:-19:47
18:26
--:---:-18:01
13:06
12:20
23:11
18:53
15:17
--:-14:31
22:13
18:59
--:---:-17:49
18:19
17:23
--:---:-13:47
19:07
16:14
19:27
Ht
4.2
12.4
-11.7
5.2
--4.8
3.7
3.8
5.3
7.3
5.3
-7.0
2.5
6.6
--6.7
3.9
5.2
--4.3
8.9
5.2
1.9
9968
68
68
LOW
OW
W
976
997
76
76 L
HIG
H
HIGH
HI
IIG
GH
LOW
L
OW
W
9992
99
9922
984
998
84
84
1002
10
024
24
24
1000
100
110
000000
LO
LOW
L
OW
OW
100
11008
10
008
00008
100224
1024
102
1024
110
0024
024
11000
008
008
08
100
1000
000
00
0000
1032
10
103
0033
HIGH
HIG
IGH
GH
GH
1016
1016
0 6
1032
103
032
003
32
LOW
L
LO
O
Synoptic situation
A large area of high pressure
over northern France will bring
settled conditions to much
of the British Isles. It will
however be largely cloudy with
a decaying weather front across
southern and central England.
A cold front will bring rain into
far northwestern areas during
the evening. The broad ridge of
high pressure will bring settled
conditions to much of Europe.
EI GH T D AYS FR OM
TOUR
23
Southampton
Exeterr
Plymouth
General situation: Freezing
i fog
f will be
slow to clear in central and eastern
England. Elsewhere it will be mainly
dry but rather cloudy.
Republic of Ireland, N Ireland: A mild
but overcast day with the risk of some
light rain in western areas during
the afternoon
afternoon. Light to moderate
southwesterly winds. Maximum
13C (55F), minimum 7C (45F).
NW Scotland, Argyll, Moray Firth,
N Isles, NE Scotland: It will be overcast
with some patchy drizzle at ?rst.
Madeira, the Pearl of the Atlantic
32
4
Bristol
Tidal predictions.
Heights in metres
10
0
-5
-10
7
8
Today
Aberdeen
Avonmouth
Belfast
Cardiff
Devonport
Dover
Dublin
Falmouth
Greenock
Harwich
Holyhead
Hull
Leith
Liverpool
London Bridge
Lowestoft
Milford Haven
Morecambe
Newhaven
Newquay
Oban
Penzance
Portsmouth
Shoreham
Southampton
Swansea
Tees
Weymouth
41
Cambridge
Oxford
Cardiff
CELTIC
SEA
Tides
10
50
5
12
2
Birmingham
7
7
59
10
i h
Norwich
8
9
Variable amounts of cloud and some
bright or sunny spells in southern
and eastern area
reas.
s. C
loud and
loud
a rain
areas.
Cloud
spreading into
too n
northern
oort
orth
rtth
rther
heer
ern
rn
n aan
nd western
Scotland lat
atter
er in
in the
t e day
th
da
dayy..
Max 11C, m
min
in
n4
4C
C
68
15
Nottingham
Shrewsbury
11
Channel Islands
Saturday
77
20
Sheffield
8
LLlandudno
15
9
25
Hull
5
ooo
Liverpool
IRISH
SEA
11
12
5
86
Yorkk
Manchester
Remaining mild with some bright
or sunny spells across England and
Wales. Rather cl
cloud
cloudy
oudy
dyy far
farther
rther
t
north
with a risk off ssome
oom
ome
me patch
m
patchy
ppatc
pa
atc
tch
hyy llight
ight rain orr
drizzle at tim
imes
im
mees
mes.
m
mes
e .
Max 11C, m
min
in
n2
2C
C
30
8
9
20
Friday
F
95
Carlisle
11
12
11
C
35
Newcastle
Galway
7
B
F
S
B
S
F
C
B
B
C
SN
SN
C
B
C
F
M
C
S
S
FG
B
S
S
R
M
S
F
F
S
F
F
M
R
R
DU
SN
S
F
F
S
M
F
S
M
C
S
Orkney
ney
C l
Calm
9
All readings local midday yesterday
17
Madeira
10
Madrid
14
Majorca
13
M醠aga
14
Malta
31
Melbourne
Mexico City 19
28
Miami
3
Milan
31
Mombasa
-14
Montreal
0
Moscow
30
Mumbai
0
Munich
24
Nairobi
9
Naples
New Orleans 20
1
New York
6
Nice
21
Nicosia
-6
Oslo
7
Paris
20
Perth
1
Prague
5
Reykjavik
0
Riga
Rio de Janeiro 35
17
Riyadh
9
Rome
San Francisco 14
28
Santiago
29
S鉶 Paulo
0
Seoul
27
Seychelles
29
Singapore
St Petersburg 0
-1
Stockholm
26
Sydney
22
Tel Aviv
21
Tenerife
6
Tokyo
6
Vancouver
4
Venice
1
Vienna
0
Warsaw
Washington 7
0
Zurich
Sea
S
a state
ae
(mph)
12
10
13 F
8
S
15 S
24 S
24 S
26 F
29 B
8
S
5
F
23 B
1
M
2
B
19 S
11 M
7
S
2
M
4
S
20 C
25 B
22 B
31 S
23 F
4
B
2
C
10 S
18 S
22 S
8
S
13 F
5
F
1
S
0 SN
14 S
28 F
1
S
13 S
26 S
8
C
23 F
27 F
32 S
20 S
20 B
23 DU
9
F
21 S
25 F
34
Flood alerts and warnings
The world
Alicante
Amsterdam
Athens
Auckland
Bahrain
Bangkok
Barbados
Barcelona
Beijing
Beirut
Belgrade
Berlin
Bermuda
Bordeaux
Brussels
Bucharest
Budapest
Buenos Aires
Cairo
Calcutta
Canberra
Cape Town
Chicago
Copenhagen
Corfu
Delhi
Dubai
Dublin
Faro
Florence
Frankfurt
Geneva
Gibraltar
Harare
Helsinki
Hong Kong
Honolulu
Istanbul
Jerusalem
Johannesburg
Kuala Lumpur
Lanzarote
Las Palmas
Lima
Lisbon
Los Angeles
Luxor
Wind
W
d speed
p e
Weather Eye
Paul Simons
�9
PER PERSON
Guided tours of the old town of Funchal
and Monte Palace Tropical Gardens
Return flights, plus seven nights? fourstar accommodation, with breakfast
and dinner
Cold front
Warm front
Occluded front
Trough
Highs and lows
Hours of darkness
24hrs to 5pm yesterday
Aberdeen
Belfast
Birmingham
Cardiff
Exeter
Glasgow
Liverpool
London
Manchester
Newcastle
Norwich
Penzance
Shef?eld
Warmest: Altnaharra, 12.1C
Coldest: Topcliffe, North
Yorkshire, -5.2C
Wettest: Fyvie Castle,
Aberdeenshire, 4.2mm
Sunniest: Stornoway, 2.3hrs*
Sun and moon
For Greenwich
Sun rises: 08.02
Sun sets: 15.52
Moon rises: 08.38
Moon sets: 17.14
First quarter: 26 December
T
he Loch Ness Monster
seems to have been busy
this year. There were eight
unexplained sightings of
the creature, believed to be
the most active year since 1996,
according to the Loch Ness Monster
enthusiast Gary Campbell, who
assesses and logs sightings. Even
though there is no conclusive proof
that the monster exists, more than
200,000 tourists from across the
globe visit the loch each year
hoping to glimpse it.
Perhaps freak natural phenomena
can explain at least some of the
sightings. Loch Ness is a long,
narrow body of water and a
persistent wind can sometimes pile
up water towards one end. When
the wind subsides the water rolls
back and forth, rather like water
sloshing around in a bath, making
the surface of the loch appear to roll
or erupt. The disturbance can last
for days, dragging up old logs or
other debris from below, even
making the debris jump out of
the water or propel it across the
surface of the loch, rather like
a swimming creature.
Mirages are another compelling
explanation. Layers of warm and
cold air over the loch can play tricks
of the light, distorting the images
of animals or objects on the water
surface and turning them into what
appear to be awe-inspiring beasts.
Another intriguing phenomenon
was described in March 1761, when
the water of the loch ?swelled up
like a mountain, and during the
whole time appeared extremely
muddy and dirty?, reported The
London Chronicle. ?What makes it
still more extraordinary, it was a
perfect calm for several hours
both before and after. The
motion was attended by a very
uncommon hollow sound.?
This coincided with an
earthquake in Portugal, so perhaps
the spectacle on the loch was
created by seismic activity,
especially as Loch Ness lies over a
fault zone. The earliest account of
a monster in the loch, in the
7th century, also described how the
earth shook when the creature
appeared and disappeared.
15:56-08:15
16:28-08:13
16:24-07:45
16:34-07:45
16:40-07:43
16:13-08:15
16:23-07:55
16:22-07:33
16:20-07:52
16:08-07:58
16:11-07:33
16:51-07:48
16:17-07:48
he subtropical paradise of Madeira is often called the ?Pearl of the Atlantic?, having
captured the hearts of famous ?gures such as Sir Winston Churchill, who tried to
recreate its rugged beauty in his oil paintings. Explore Madeira?s stunning coastlines, in
vertiginous valleys hidden by jagged peaks and lush blankets of gardens and forests on
this comprehensive eight-day tour.
T
Departures February to November, 2018.
Call 0330 160 8374 and quote KL628
thetimes.co.uk/madeira-tour
Prices based on two people sharing a twin room. Single rooms available at a supplement. Additional entrance costs may apply. Travel insurance is not included but is strongly recommended. This holiday is operated by and subject to booking conditions of Riviera Travel, ABTA V4744 ATOL 3430 protected, a company independent of
Times Newspapers Ltd. Subject to availability. Images used in conjunction with Riviera Travel. KL628.
62
2G M
Tuesday December 19 2017 | the times
Sport
DAVID DAVIES/PA
Why women
finished last
in Spoty race
The public?s relationship
with female sports stars
is complicated ? as the
contest this year proved,
Alyson Rudd writes
Is an all-male shortlist for the BBC
sports personality of the year
preferable to one in which the four
women nominated occupy the bottom
four places in the public vote?
In 2011 the award produced a shortlist with no women on it and the outcry
was such that the BBC altered the way
that it whittled down the personalities.
Instead of nominations there is now a
discussion and, in the interests of transparency, I was part of the panel that met
to thrash out who should be chosen.
I would have been uncomfortable
had there been fewer than four women
on the list but I was uncomfortable, too,
when the final vote left Anya Shrubsole,
Bianca Walkden, Johanna Konta and
Elise Christie at the bottom of the pile.
Ironically it was a woman who has
retired from sport who stole the show.
Jessica Ennis-Hill was given a lifetime
achievement award and there was
something very classy about the way
she strolled on stage to collect it. EnnisHill was relaxed, engagingly emotional
and eloquent and her accolade warmly
received. During her career, the heptathlete was voted into third place for
Spoty three times and second once.
This is proof that the public will vote
for a woman but also proof that we have
a complicated relationship with female
sports stars. Even though Spoty has
produced 12 individual female winners
in its 64 years, Ennis-Hill has always
possessed a compelling narrative. She is
Farah won but
it was close
O
f the past ten winners of
the sports personality
award, Mo Farah won the
smallest percentage of the public
vote. He claimed 83,524 votes
(15.32 per cent) ahead of
Jonathan Rea (80,567) and
Jonnie Peacock (73,429).
Andy Murray took 55.96 per
cent of the vote (401,470) in 2013
ahead of Leigh Halfpenny
(65,913, or 9.19 per cent) and AP
McCoy (57,854, 8.06 per cent).
Bradley Wiggins?s 492,064
votes in 2012 ? after his Olympic
gold and Tour de France triumph
? is the highest number of
winning votes in those ten years.
He beat Jessica Ennis-Hill
(372,765, 22.92 per cent) and
Murray (230,044, 14.17 per cent).
a tough competitor with a girl-nextdoor persona. She first reached the
Spoty podium in 2009 because she had
missed the Beijing Games due to injury,
but recovered to win a world title.
Coming second to Bradley Wiggins in
2012 was no mean feat and she made
the top three again for a stunning
return to action after the birth of her
first child. The public feel they know
Ennis-Hill. Her competitive edge was
all-important but never defined her.
A study released today by Leeds
Beckett University concludes that
How winners compare
2017 Mo Farah
83,524
(15.32%)
How the public voted
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Mo Farah
Jonathan Rea
Jonnie Peacock
Anthony Joshua
Adam Peaty
Lewis Hamilton
Chris Froome
Harry Kane
Anya Shrubsole
Bianca Walkden
Johanna Konta
Elise Christie
83,524
80,567
73,429
73,411
63,739
60,627
47,683
18,759
15,237
13,962
7,591
6,504
?female athletes are only acceptable if
they conform to mainstream ideals: in
this case, of being smiley, friendly and
non-threatening?. Ennis-Hill was the
competitor who could be ruthless but
nice, and she was characterised by her
Olympic journey. The Games occupy a
twilight zone where we become, fleetingly, experts in dressage, fencing or
judo. There is, crucially, no room for
doubt.
When a woman wins Olympic gold
we know she is the best in the world.
Gender matters not a jot ? but away
2016 Andy Murray
247,419
(33.1%)
Christie had the fewest votes despite winning three world speed-skating titles
from the Olympics, there can be
ambivalence. Christie won three speedskating world titles this year but how do
we know how tough that was? Ditto
Walkden, who won her second
taekwondo world title in June? Shrubsole was nominated for her performance as England won the World Cup
but is women?s cricket competitive?
As Britain improves on the sporting
stage the marketplace for votes intensifies. If Andy Murray did not exist then
Johanna Konta, a Wimbledon semifinalist, would surely have garnered
more than 7,591 votes. In 1997 Greg
Rusedski won for reaching the final of
the US Open. We now expect more.
In an Olympic year there are myriad
potential candidates. This was a year
when more considered reflection and
now have your say
Unfair to women? Did Farah deserve to
win? Join the debate about Spoty at:
thetimes.co.uk
less tub-thumping patriotism could be
expected, giving the marginal sports
and less well-known athletes a chance
to shine. Instead, the public decided it
was time to give Mo Farah a parting gift
for the joy that he had brought them.
It was not sexist to vote for a man.
Every vote has a story but, if the public
had not been engrossed by taekwondo
beforehand, they were unlikely to vote
in large swathes for Walkden. The
public may even have felt a little manipulated. Was the BBC telling them about
worthy winners or covering its back to
prevent a repeat of 2011?
Voters are fickle. Never had a
candidate been such a favourite with
the bookmakers as Anthony Joshua,
who came fourth, but at least the names
of the bottom four are better known
and, if they have yet more of the
determination and talent that brought
them success in 2017, then they will
stand a better chance of winning public
recognition. As long, of course, as they
remember to smile.
2015 Andy Murray
361,446
(35.81%)
2014 Lewis Hamilton
209,920
(33.81%)
2013 Andy Murray
401,470
(55.96%)
2012 Bradley Wiggins
492,064
(30.25%)
2011 Mark Cavendish
169,152
(49.47%)
2010 AP McCoy
293,152
(41.98%)
2009 Ryan Giggs
151,842
(29.40%)
2008 Chris Hoy
283,630
(39.48%)
Gatlin?s team ?offered to supply drugs to undercover reporters?
continued from back
drugs since returning to athletics in
2010 from his second doping ban.
Sebastian Coe, the president of the
IAAF, said that an investigation would
be launched into the allegations.
Lord Coe said in a statement: ?These
allegations are extremely serious and I
know the independent Athletics
Integrity Unit [AIU] will investigate in
accordance with its mandate.
?Under the IAAF rules, all athlete
support personnel ? agents, coaches
etc ? are bound by both the IAAF antidoping code and IAAF integrity code of
conduct. The AIU has investigative
powers and the independent disciplinary tribunal has sanction powers for
those found in breach of these.?
Gatlin, 35, was banned for doping in
2001 and then received a four-year ban
for a second offence in 2006. He has
made a successful if controversial
return to sprinting, culminating in his
victory at the World Championships in
London in August. His representatives
said that he had been tested rigorously
since returning to competition without
any positive findings.
Wagner and Mitchell were targeted
by undercover reporters posing as
representatives of a film company who
said that they wanted to make an actor
look like an athlete and had a budget of
$250,000 (about �5,000) to secure
the drugs.
Wagner was filmed allegedlyy
saying that he could supply the
drugs while Mitchell, a former
4x100m Olympic champion who
was banned in 1998 for having
high
testosterone
levels,
is alleged to have told reporters that designer drugs
d
enabled stars to avoid
positive tests. He was
Gatlin was booed in
London this year after
winning the 100m title
recorded saying: ?There?s the simple
easy stuff, and then it goes all the way
up to very complex things. The complex things are safe in terms of getting
tested because they can?t find it. The
simple things, those are the things
you?re gonna get busted on.?
Brett Clothier, the head of the
A
AIU,
said in a statement: ?These
allegations are very serious and
strike at the heart of the
integrity of athletics. The
IAAF anti-doping code
and code of conduct
applies not just to
athletes, but also athlete
support personnel. The
Athletics Integrity Unit
will be investigating this
matter in co-operation
w Usada [the United
with
States
Anti-doping
A ency]
Agency].
?The use of new methodologies and
designer drugs has always been a
challenge for the anti-doping
Mitchell has been sacked by Gatlin
movement and this continues to this
day. In this era, we understand that we
cannot rely on testing alone to defend
the sport against doping and so the AIU
is both building its investigations and
intelligence capability and implementing an intelligence based re-testing
policy to meet such challenges.?
Wagner was also secretly recorded
claiming that the use of banned substances in athletics was still widespread
and claimed that Gatlin had been
taking performance-enhancing drugs.
He has strenuously denied doing so.
Wagner, an Austrian who has worked
with several leading British athletes,
named a number of sports stars he said
were using drugs, including Gatlin.
?You think Justin is not doing this? Do
you think Dennis [Mitchell] wasn?t
doing this? Everybody does it,? he said.
Gatlin?s
representatives
strongly
denied that he had done so.
Mitchell told the undercover reporters that he did not use the substances on
his athletes and that they were ?clean?.
Coe, who said after Gatlin?s win in
August that he believed the sprinter
should have been banned for life for his
second failed test, said that the IAAF
was also targeting athletes? entourages.
He added: ?The IAAF recognises as
an industry [that] we need to do more
and we are. Focusing on the influences
that surround athletes is a critical area
of work ? from Transfer of Allegiance
rules [that remain frozen in our sport]
through to agents and coaches.?
the times | Tuesday December 19 2017
63
2G M
Sport
Froome plans to ride in Giro despite failed test
exclusive
Martyn Ziegler Chief Sports Reporter
Team Sky will support Chris Froome?s
inclusion in the Giro d?Italia and Tour
de France next year even if he still has
the adverse finding for the asthma drug
salbutamol hanging over him.
The team want an adjudication as
soon as possible but accept the very real
prospect of the 32-year-old competing
in May with the outcome unresolved.
Under the international cycling
union?s (UCI) regulations there is no
deadline for a conclusion and, in a
previous salbutamol case involving the
Italian Alessandro Petacchi, it took
more than 11 months from his adverse
finding for his year-long ban to be
confirmed.
If Froome?s case takes as long, that
would take him well past the Giro and
potentially past the Tour de France,
J Quinlan
1 P/3-0 WHO YOU FOR 18 Mrs S Humphrey 7-11-12
K K Woods
2 2-342 MORTENS LEAM 31 Mrs P Sly 5-11-12
3 0-313 MULLAGHBOY 15 (H,T,C,BF) O Murphy 6-11-12 R Johnson
B Powell
4 6-556 OAKIDOAKI 21 (T,P) B Powell 5-11-4
5 2-555 TOMMY THE RASCAL 27 (P) J Candlish 7-10-0 D Noonan
Evens Mortens Leam, 2-1 Mullaghboy, 8-1 Oakidoaki, 10-1 others.
12.40 Banjo Girl
2.10 Cubswin (nap)
1.10 Mamoo
2.40 Mortens Leam
1.40 Creep Desbois
3.10 William Hunter
Thunderer: 12.40 Dory. 1.10 Mamoo (nap).
Going: soft
8am inspection
At The Races
Wright choice: Mortens Leam steps up in trip after
showing improved form at Wetherby Danger: Mullaghboy
12.40 Mares' Novices' Hurdle
3.10
(�198: 2m 3y) (7)
M Tissier (7)
1 32-15 BANJO GIRL 17 (D) Mrs L Wadham 5-11-2
10 DORY 31 (D) W Greatrex 4-10-10
R Johnson
2
5 GHINIA 28 Mrs P Sly 6-10-10
K K Woods
3
J E Moore
4 U44-5 NICHEINTHEMARKET 227P C Fryer 5-10-10
5 453/4 POTTERS MIDNIGHT 19 (D) Mrs L Wadham 7-10-10 L Aspell
P-6 ROSA DAMASCENA 40 A King 4-10-10
W Hutchinson
6
5-0 VBADGE TREAT 51 H Whittington 4-10-10 N De Boinville
7
7-4 Dory, 3-1 Rosa Damascena, 4-1 Banjo Girl, Potters Midnight, 14-1 others.
Rob Wright?s choice: Banjo Girl, out of her depth in a listed
race at Newbury, will find this easier
Danger: Dory
Handicap Hurdle
(�198: 2m 7f 95y) (8)
1P-53 SCOOBY 28 (D,BF) G McPherson 6-11-12
K K Woods
0-532 SHINOOKI 20 (CD) A Hales 10-11-12
W Hutchinson
33500 SAM NOIR 13 (T,P) P Bowen 5-11-9
J Bowen (5)
23541 MAMOO 15 (P,C) N King 4-11-8
T Whelan
3-5F1 PENNYWELL 23 (D) W Greatrex 7-11-7
R Johnson
/PP-5 THE LAST BAR 33 D Skelton 7-11-5 Bridget Andrews (3)
5-302 MINELLA GATHERING 23 (BF) Paul Henderson 8-10-8
P Brennan
8 650P4 BLACKWELL SYNERGY 15 (V,D) T Leeson 11-10-0
M Hamill (5)
7-2 Pennywell, 4-1 Mamoo, Shinooki, 9-2 Scooby, 6-1 Minella Gathering, The
Last Bar, 14-1 Sam Noir, 33-1 Blackwell Synergy.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Wright choice: Mamoo stayed on well to win here last time
and this stiffer test will suit Dangers: Pennywell, Scooby
Handicap Chase
(�747: 2m 5f 44y) (7)
H Teal (7)
1 P5F0P MERCERS COURT 4 (V,CD) N King 9-11-12
T Whelan
2 523-P PRINCETON ROYALE 33 (V,D) N King 8-11-10
K K Woods
3 2-P14 POPELYS GULL 28 Mrs P Sly 5-11-8
4 24-15 ENJOY RESPONSIBLY 17 (CD,BF) O Sherwood 8-11-7
C Shoemark
D Jacob
5 13-05 CREEP DESBOIS 24 (D) B Pauling 5-11-7
R Johnson
6 2423F ROYAL PLAZA 33 (H,T) O Murphy 6-11-3
G Sheehan
7 P-2P1 CODY WYOMING 15 (T,P,CD) C Mann 11-11-2
11-4 Creep Desbois, 3-1 Royal Plaza, 4-1 Enjoy Responsibly, 9-2 others.
Wright choice: Creep Desbois drops in trip after a good
fifth at Ascot and remains unexposed Danger: Popelys Gull
2.10
Novices' Handicap Chase
(�498: 2m 5f 44y) (5)
Rob Wright
1.40
Froome has not been banned
2.40
Fakenham
1.10
which starts on July 7, and if the cloud is
still hanging over him his participation
will undoubtedly cause further controversy. The Movement for Credible
Cycling (MPCC) yesterday called for
Team Sky to suspend Froome from
competition until the case is
concluded but the team has no
plans to do so.
Tony Martin, the German rider
and four-times world time-trial
champion, claimed last week that it
was ?a scandal? that Froome had
not been suspended after a urine
sample taken during La Vuelta in
September showed that he had
2,000 nanograms per millilitre
(ng/ml) of salbutamol in his system,
twice the permitted level.
Froome now has to prove that,
as he has stated, he only took the
permitted dose of salbutamol.
Handicap Hurdle
01245 TOWERING 12 (B,D) C Dore 8-12-2
P Brennan
256-0 WALSINGHAM GRANGE 28 (P,D) Mrs P Sly 4-12-2
Mr J Andrews (7)
D England
3 /P-60 GENERAL BUX 27 O Murphy 6-11-12
4 F6-00 THE BLUE BOMBER 16 C Fryer 5-11-11 Bridget Andrews (3)
R Johnson
5 5060 ATAMAN 14 (T) O Murphy 5-11-7
6 12-2P HURRICANE RITA 1 (T,BF) O Murphy 7-11-7 Mr L Stones (7)
J Quinlan
7 33-01 AZA RUN 31 (D) Shaun Harris 7-11-6
13 CUBSWIN 33 (CD,BF) N King 3-10-13
T Whelan
8
J E Moore
9 30P03 GIN AND TONIC 15 (B,CD) M Wigham 7-10-2
3-1 Aza Run, 4-1 Ataman, Cubswin, 5-1 Towering, 7-1 others.
Wright choice: Cubswin won here on her debut and looks
well treated
Dangers: Walsingham Grange, Ataman
The MPCC, a voluntary group made
up of seven of the 18 professional teams,
has also called on the UCI to investigate
Shane Sutton?s admission that the
Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE)
system for banned drugs has previously
been manipulated in order to give
riders an edge. A statement said:
?MPCC requests that UCI opens an inquiry following Shane Sutton?s statements. The former Team Sky and UK?s
national team coach admitted that
some of the medicine requiring a TUE
might have been used to enhance
performance.?
Sutton insisted that the use of the
TUEs was within the rules but it is the
closest that anyone from Team Sky at
the time has come to admitting that
exemptions for Sir Bradley Wiggins for
the corticosteroid Triamcinolone,
obtained to treat a pollen allergy, may
have been aimed at giving him an edge
over his rivals.
Morrison inquiry starts
2.50
Hughie Morrison, the Berkshire
trainer, will face a disciplinary panel at
the British Horseracing Authority this
morning after one of his horses tested
positive for an anabolic steroid at
Wolverhampton in January.
2-5F4 DISCOVERIE 11 (H,B,CD) K Slack 9-12-0 Colm McCormack (3)
311-2 HALCYON DAYS 50 (P,CD) R Menzies 8-11-12
T Kelly
-2434 THISONETIME 27 (T,B,D) D Skelton 6-11-11
H Skelton
P-P31 TRUST THOMAS 19 (D) Mrs A Hamilton 9-11-10
J Hamilton (3)
B Hughes
5 123-3 CASUAL CAVALIER 20 (P,D) G Bewley 9-11-10
D Cook
6 -1365 MAXED OUT KING 17 (D) Mrs S Smith 9-11-9
7 612/6 TOMORROW'S LEGEND 38 (D) P Holmes 7-11-5 J Kington (3)
8 -P114 JOHN WILLIAMS 1 (P,D) A Thomson 8-10-13
Rachael McDonald (7)
C O'Farrell
9 13P2- LAS TUNAS 236 (D) R Mike Smith 5-10-12
L Edwards
10 1114U BOLLIN LINE 12 (CD) L Egerton 10-10-5
P04-4
PADDLING 27 M D Hammond 6-10-1
H Brooke
11
5-1 Maxed Out King, 11-2 Halcyon Days, John Williams, 13-2 Discoverie,
Thisonetime, 15-2 Trust Thomas, 9-1 Casual Cavalier, 10-1 others.
Maiden Hurdle (�198: 2m 4f 1y) (9)
6-00 ARTHUR'S REUBEN 31 J Candlish 4-11-0
D Noonan
1
56 CAPTAIN PEACOCK 18 (B) O Sherwood 4-11-0 T Garner (3)
2
C Poste
3 1-043 CRAIGMOR 15 O Murphy 5-11-0
M Kendrick (7)
4 05-53 DAKKAR COLLONGES 39 B Case 4-11-0
PP- NO ALARM 282P (T) O Murphy 5-11-0
I Popham
5
3-24 NO HIDING PLACE 24 N Henderson 4-11-0 N De Boinville
6
L Aspell
7 52-44 POTTERS HEDGER 19 Mrs L Wadham 5-11-0
3-20 RIO QUINTO 30 O Murphy 4-11-0
R Johnson
8
W Hutchinson
9 60/24 WILLIAM HUNTER 25 A King 5-11-0
100-30 William Hunter, 9-2 No Hiding Place, 5-1 Dakkar Collonges, 6-1 others.
Wright choice: William Hunter again ran well at Ascot and
has solid claims Dangers: Dakkar Collonges, No Hiding Place
Catterick
12.20 Permission
Granted
12.50 Solo Saxophone
1.20 Tomngerry
12.50 Juvenile Hurdle
(3-Y-O: �249: 1m 7f 156y) (10)
2 BEACH BREAK 34 D McCain 10-12
W Kennedy
1
HAULANI 57F B Ellison 10-12
D Cook
2
3 INDIAN VISION 55 M D Hammond 10-12
F O'Toole (5)
3
4
LAZARUS
15
(T)
A
Murphy
10-12
Lucy
Barry
(5)
4
MUIRSHEEN DURKIN 114F N Bycroft 10-12
H Brooke
5
56 OUTCROP 17 (H) J Candlish 10-12
S W Quinlan
6
SOLO SAXOPHONE 69F (T) D Skelton 10-12
H Skelton
7
STARSHELL 68F F Murtagh 10-12
C O'Farrell
8
WIND TURBINE 3F T Easterby 10-12
C King
9
ENGLAND EXPECTS 41F (H) K Burke 10-5
B Hughes
10
9-4 Solo Saxophone, 5-2 Haulani, 4-1 Beach Break, 7-1 others.
1.20
Rob Wright
Beginners' Chase
(�507: 3m 1f 54y) (4)
1.50 Aramist
2.20 Espoir De Teillee
2.50 Tomorrow?s Legend
3.20 Return Ticket
Going: good to soft (soft in places)
Racing UK
12.20 Amateur Riders' Handicap
Hurdle (�496: 2m 3f 66y) (16)
42405 ROCKET RONNIE 25 (T,P) B Barr 7-11-12 Mr C J Todd (7)
0-000 PERMISSION GRANTED 32 Mrs R Dobbin 5-11-11
Mr D Delahunt (7)
Mr A Anderson (7)
3 400-4 DRAGONFLI 11 L Egerton 5-11-10
4 61623 RUNNING IN HEELS 1 (T,V) R Menzies 8-11-6 Mr S Lee (7)
5 06140 IRISH HAWKE 52 (T) D McCain 5-11-5 Miss Ella McCain (5)
Mr Liam Ruddy (7)
6 40-PP LOG ON 43 (P) Mrs R Dobbin 6-11-5
7 50-00 RUSSIAN ROYALE 26 M D Hammond 7-11-5 Mr J Wright (5)
8 P3P5- FRANKIE BALLOU 286 (P) Miss J Foster 8-11-1
Miss A Stirling (3)
Miss C Walton
9 U06-0 PERTUIS 21 (P) M D Hammond 11-11-0
Miss A Waugh (3)
10 /06R- NOTEBOOK 367 (C) S Waugh 6-11-0
Miss E Todd (3)
11 P230- ARMOROUS 391 Miss J Foster 6-10-12
12 266-P DOWN TIME 48F (V) P Midgley 7-10-11Mr Tom Midgley (7)
13 3-245 TOARMANDOWITHLOVE 27 (T) S Corbett 9-10-7
Mr D Hurst (7)
Mr J King
14 6-50P OSKAR DENARIUS 156 (H,T) J Mason 6-10-5
Miss A McCain (5)
15 -3500 CADORE 1 (P) Mrs L Normile 9-10-5
16 0665- SHALAMZAR 42F M D Hammond 8-10-2 Miss B Smith (3)
9-2 Irish Hawke, 6-1 Running In Heels, 8-1 Toarmandowithlove, 10-1 others.
1
2
(�198: 2m 3y) (9)
1
2
That process includes gathering all the
evidence that he can find to show the
number of times he used his inhaler, the
advice from his doctor and witness
statements. Then he will have to undergo a number of tests to measure his
metabolism and excretion rates in
various environments, and for those
to be analysed.
In Petacchi?s case in 2007, he was
found to have 1,320ng/ml of
salbutamol. He took his case all
the way to the Court of
Arbitration for Sport
which confirmed a
12-month ban, saying
that he did not exercise ?utmost caution?
in using his inhaler to
stay within the levels. The
court suggested that Petacchi may even have swallowed
some of the medication
unintentionally.
Course specialists
Catterick: Trainers Mrs S Smith, 25 from 82
runners, 30.5%; S England, 3 from 10, 30.0%.
Jockeys N Fehily, 3 from 7 rides, 42.9%.
Fakenham: Trainers N Henderson, 11 from 30,
36.7%; O Murphy, 5 from 14, 35.7%.
Jockey N De Boinville, 5 from 11, 45.5%.
Southwell: Trainers A Watson, 3 from 7, 42.9%;
S C Williams, 8 from 30, 26.7%. Jockeys J Gormley,
4 from 13, 30.8%; P Vaughan, 4 from 14, 28.6%.
50-22 ALZAMMAAR 25 (D) S England 6-11-2
J England
4110- IMPULSIVE STAR 278 (C,D,BF) N Mulholland 7-11-2
Mr S Waley-Cohen (3)
3 42P-5 SHADES OF MIDNIGHT 36 (T) D Whillans 7-11-2 H Brooke
B Hughes
4 11P/2 TOMNGERRY 44 (C) B Ellison 7-11-2
5-4 Impulsive Star, 11-4 Alzammaar, 3-1 Tomngerry, 11-2 Shades Of Midnight.
1
2
1.50
Handicap Hurdle
(�249: 3m 1f 71y) (12)
5-553 TANARPINO 18 (P,C) J Candlish 6-11-13
S W Quinlan
-2365 BUCKLE STREET 30 (T,P) M Keighley 4-11-12 H Stock (7)
201-3 WEST OF THE EDGE 47 (D) Dr R Newland 9-11-11
C Hammond (7)
4 13-44 ASKAMORE DARSI 18 (B,D) D McCain 8-11-9 Mr T Gillard (7)
B Hughes
5 3F0-1 LOUGH SALT 62 Richard Guest 6-11-9
D Irving (3)
6 P5/PP U NAME IT 20 R Mike Smith 9-11-7
J Bewley (3)
7 41-P0 CLASSICAL MILANO 38 G Bewley 6-11-4
H Skelton
8 /40-0 POKORA DU LYS 29 D Skelton 6-11-1
J Colliver
9 -3432 KATY ROYAL 32 C Fairhurst 5-10-13
C O'Farrell
10 U64PU SWANTYKAY 41 F Murtagh 8-10-12
C Nichol
11 5P-63 PROFESSOR PLUM 19 (V) Mrs R Dobbin 7-10-7
3-4 ARAMIST 31 S Haynes 7-10-6
H Brooke
12
7-2 Katy Royal, 5-1 West Of The Edge, 6-1 Lough Salt, 7-1 Aramist, 8-1 others.
1
2
3
2.20
Novices' Hurdle
(�249: 2m 3f 66y) (13)
F61-1 ESPOIR DE TEILLEE 25 (CD) N Mulholland 5-11-5 N Fehily
6- BOOYAKASHA 350 N Richards 5-10-12
C Nichol
-3062 DRUMS OF WAR 1 C Grant 5-10-12
C Bewley (3)
0-630 DUFFY ALLEN 86 N Kent 4-10-12
A Wedge
3-0P0 HOOVES THE DADDY 27 Mrs S Smith 4-10-12
D Cook
F4/1- IT'LL DO RIGHTLY 423P Mrs C McCaldin (Ire) 9-10-12
A P Cawley
0 OUTBACK BLUE 21 (T) G Bewley 4-10-12
J Bewley (3)
7
2-5 SPIN THE COIN 36 D McCain 4-10-12
W Kennedy
8
060 THE RESDEV WAY 25 P Kirby 4-10-12
A Nicol
9
CAMINO LADY (T) D Thompson 7-10-5
T Dowson (3)
10
CHOCOLAT NOIR 49F M Todhunter 4-10-5
H Brooke
11
B Hughes
12 -5400 KICK ON DOTTIE 21 J M Jefferson 4-10-5
13 10/P0 KILCULLEN LADY 11 (P) H Hogarth 7-10-5 J Hamilton (3)
4-11 Espoir De Teillee, 9-1 Booyakasha, 10-1 Drums Of War, 12-1 others.
1
2
3
4
5
6
inside today
Tommy Horton: Ryder Cup golfer who
rose from an impoverished background
Obituary, page 59
Handicap Chase
1.30
1 (5) 30633 CANADIAN ROYAL 11 (E,T) S C Williams 3-9-5
P J McDonald
6 FIREGUARD 11 E Owen 4-9-5
S W Kelly
2 (1)
42 JACK THE TRUTH 298 G Scott 3-9-5
Fran Berry
3 (6)
MOTLEY
CREW
11J
M
W
Easterby
4-9-5
Doubtfyul
4 (4)
5 (3) 00-0 THORNTON FRANK 34 B Rothwell 3-9-5 J Gormley (5)
T Marquand
6 (10) 00065 TILSWORTH LUKEY 11 J Jenkins 4-9-5
0 GEORGIEZAR 20 B Forsey 4-9-0
Hollie Doyle
7 (8)
0 KHALEEFA BAY 311 M Smith 3-9-0
R Winston
8 (7)
32 LADIES FIRST 15 M W Easterby 3-9-0
C Hardie
9 (9)
A Mullen
10 (2) 033 LIMONCINO 25 (H) M Dods 3-9-0
6-4 Ladies First, 5-2 Jack The Truth, 11-4 Limoncino, 7-1 others.
NH Flat Race (�949: 1m 7f 156y) (9)
1 RAVING BONKERS 69 (D) M Keighley 4-11-5 H Stock (7)
1
0 DUTCH COED 32 Miss T Jackson 5-10-12
F O'Toole (5)
2
0- GRIMTHORPE 560 Miss T Jackson 6-10-12
A Nicol
3
643 HAASAB 21 (P) L Morgan 4-10-12
Jonjo O'Neill (7)
4
026- INDIAN HARBOUR 266 S Haynes 4-10-12
N Moscrop (5)
5
3 RETURN TICKET 25 J M Jefferson 4-10-12
B Hughes
6
SIMPLY MANI P Niven 5-10-12
H Brooke
7
THE ROOF HUB M D Hammond 4-10-12 Miss Becky Smith (7)
8
P FAIR OAKS 20 J K Hunter 5-10-5
S Coltherd (5)
9
13-8 Return Ticket, 5-2 Haasab, 11-2 Raving Bonkers, 10-1 others.
Southwell
Rob Wright
12.30 Harvest Day
2.30 Brigadoon
1.00 Mama Africa (nb) 3.00 Noble Ballad
1.30 Ladies First
3.30 Gnaad
2.00 Mujassam
Going: standard
At The Races
Draw: no advantage
12.30 Nursery Handicap
(2-Y-O: �264: 6f 16y) (14)
P J McDonald
1 (13) 046 SHADES OF MIST 147 Tony Coyle 9-7
Fran Berry
2 (6) 54200 STILL GOT IT 20 D M Loughnane 9-6
Hollie Doyle
3 (12) 004 PAS DE BLANC 20 B Barr 9-5
4 (5) 000 GOOD IMPRESSION 50 (B) Ali Stronge 9-5 T Marquand
T Eaves
5 (4) 0404 OPTIMICKSTICKHILL 33 S Dixon 9-4
B Sanderson (7)
6 (10) 0000 ELIXSOFT 152 R G Fell 9-2
L Morris
7 (1) 56000 SHADOW SEEKER 20 (B) P D'Arcy 8-13
B A Curtis
8 (14) 50060 LADY SANDY 34 T D Barron 8-13
P Vaughan (7)
9 (2) 00005 KYLIE STYLE 20 S Hollinshead 8-12
A Mullen
10 (3) 00430 LAYDEE VICTORIA 34 O Pears 8-12
S A Gray
11 (8) 46234 LADY LINTERA 20 (H,P) Mrs A Duffield 8-11
C Hardie
12 (9) 60654 HARVEST DAY 26 (E,T) M W Easterby 8-11
13 (7) 00500 NAVARRA PRINCESS 34 D Cantillon 8-10
Nicola Currie (7)
K O'Neill
14(11) 00040 TEA RATTLE 8 S Dixon 8-9
4-1 Optimickstickhill, 6-1 Lady Lintera, 7-1 Harvest Day, 8-1 others.
1.00
Equestrianism William Funnell
ensured British success on the final
day of the London International
Horse Show at Olympia when he won
the Holly Speed Stakes. The Nations
Cup rider steered Billy Angelo to
victory in the one-round class,
recording 49.30sec ? enough to edge
out his fellow Briton, Laura Renwick,
who finished 62 hundredths of a
second behind on Vdl Groep Alitta.
Alberto Zorzi showed his class to be
crowned Olympia grand prix
champion last night. The Italian, one
of the rising stars in world
showjumping, captured the title in
thrilling fashion in 34.05sec, with only
25 hundredths of a second separating
the top three finishers.
(�549: 1m 7f 145y) (11)
1
2
3
4
3.20
Funnell edges out Renwick
in final day Olympia win
Handicap (�911: 1m 13y) (8)
E Greatrex
1 (6) 32121 MACH ONE 8 (P,CD) A Watson 3-9-12
B A Curtis
2 (1) 10002 MUQARRED 8 (P,CD) R G Fell 5-9-9
3 (2) 00064 CAPTAIN REVELATION 8 (E,T,B,CD) M Mullineaux 5-9-9
Phil Dennis (3)
A Rawlinson
4 (5) 06062 RED TOUCH 36 (V,CD) M Appleby 5-9-7
5 (4) 20201 MAMA AFRICA 58 (C) T D Barron 3-9-6 Jane Elliott (5)
S Donohoe
6 (8) 00040 SUMNER BEACH 13 (T,C) B Ellison 3-9-6
P J McDonald
7 (7) 46460 TIGERWOLF 14 D M Loughnane 4-9-2
L Morris
8 (3) 41210 MEDICI MOON 8 (P,CD) S Dixon 3-9-1
11-4 Mach One, 7-2 Red Touch, 9-2 Muqarred, 5-1 Mama Africa, 7-1 others.
2.00
Maiden Stakes (�264: 6f 16y) (10)
Handicap (�690: 6f 16y) (9)
1 (2) 20601 MUJASSAM 15 (B,CD) D O'Meara 5-9-7 P Vaughan (7)
2 (4) 02100 HANDSOME DUDE 19 (B,D) T D Barron 5-9-7 B A Curtis
L Morris
3 (8) 0-202 PEARL NATION 18 (C,D,BF) M Appleby 8-9-7
Sam James
4 (1) 10352 TRICKY DICKY 15 (CD) O Williams 4-9-4
P P Mathers
5 (9) 04001 HAMMER GUN 8 (V,C) D Shaw 4-9-4
6 (7) 32066 LETMESTOPYOUTHERE 28 P D Evans 3-9-0 Fran Berry
7 (5) 00016 CAPTAIN LARS 12 (V,C,D) D Shaw 8-8-12 G Malune (7)
10 BOBBY JOE LEG 13 (D) Mrs R Carr 3-8-10
T Eaves
8 (6)
K O'Neill
9 (3) 06330 CROSSE FIRE 15 (CD) S Dixon 5-8-8
11-4 Mujassam, 7-2 Tricky Dicky, Hammer Gun, 7-1 Pearl Nation, 8-1 others.
2.30
Claiming Stakes
(�264: 1m 3f 23y) (6)
T J Murphy
1 (4) 14003 EVERY CHANCE 24 (T) J Osborne 4-9-10
Doubtful
2 (3) 10110 TATTING 215 (CD) L Mullaney 8-9-7
G Lee
3 (1) 05010 THROCKLEY 20 (C) C Dore 6-9-5
-1303
VIVAT
REX
323
(E,T,C)
C
Dore
6-9-4
T Eaves
4 (5)
R Winston
5 (2) 12323 BRIGADOON 220 (C,D) M Appleby 10-9-3
Hollie Doyle
6 (6) 26400 CHESTNUT STORM 15J (D) B Barr 4-9-0
5-4 Every Chance, 3-1 Brigadoon, Throckley, 5-1 Vivat Rex, 20-1 Chestnut Storm.
3.00
Handicap (�264: 7f 14y) (10)
1 (6) 20035 TICKS THE BOXES 36 (P,C) J Wainwright 5-9-10 T Eaves
2 (1) 20000 HERNANDO TORRES 18 (T,P,D) M W Easterby 9-9-7
R Timby (7)
L Morris
3 (10) 26343 UBLA 6 (P) Miss G Kelleway 4-9-6
4 (7) 41010 QUEENS ROYALE 11 (V,CD) M Appleby 3-9-6 R Winston
A Mullen
5 (2) 25200 UNNOTICED 36 (T,D) O Pears 5-9-6
G Lee
6 (9) 00105 NOBLE BALLAD 33 (B,CD) R Beckett 3-9-5
7 (4) 00504 BIG AMIGO 15 (E,C) D M Loughnane 4-9-3 P J McDonald
A Jones (3)
8 (5) 50460 SEAVIEW 18 (CD) D Brown 3-9-3
Joe Doyle
9 (3) 05065 FORTINBRASS 21 (CD) J Balding 7-9-1
K O'Neill
10 (8) 443-3 BEST TAMAYUZ 8 (P,CD) S Dixon 6-8-13
4-1 Noble Ballad, 11-2 Queens Royale, Ubla, 6-1 Best Tamayuz, 7-1
Fortinbrass, 8-1 Unnoticed, 9-1 Seaview, 10-1 Ticks The Boxes, 12-1 others.
3.30
Handicap (�911: 4f 214y) (10)
L Keniry
(1) 11065 GNAAD 15 (CD) A Bailey 3-9-7
T Eaves
(7) 05400 MONTE CINQ 12 (D) J Ward 3-9-7
A Mullen
(8) 03104 APRICOT SKY 25 (P,D) M Dods 7-9-6
B A Curtis
(4) 13052 KODY RIDGE 118 R G Fell 3-9-4
(10) 40014 BROADHAVEN HONEY 29 (V,CD) R Harris 3-8-11
L Morris
6 (5) 00351 PEARL ACCLAIM 8 (P,CD) D Griffiths 7-8-11 T Marquand
7 (6) 13010 ROARING RORY 25 (P,CD) O Pears 4-8-10 J Gormley (5)
N Mackay
8 (3) 20006 FLY TRUE 180 (H,P,D) S France 4-8-10
9 (9) 55336 RED STRIPES 2 (B,C,D) Mrs L Williamson 5-8-7
G Malune (7)
J Haynes
10 (2) 24342 ANGEL PALANAS 41 (P) K Burke 3-8-7
3-1 Pearl Acclaim, 9-2 Broadhaven Honey, 5-1 Gnaad, 6-1 others.
1
2
3
4
5
Blinkered first time: Catterick 2.50 Thisonetime.
Fakenham 1.10 Blackwell Synergy. 1.40 Mercers Court.
Yesterday?s racing results
Ffos Las
Going: heavy
12.30 (2m 4f hdle) 1, Steel Native (Mr John J
O?Neill, 4-1); 2, Asking Questions (12-1); 3,
Princess Roania (9-1). 10 ran. 1Nl, 1Ol. D Rees.
1.00 (2m 4f hdle) 1, Oxwich Bay (Adam Wedge,
8-11 fav); 2, Just Your Type (12-1); 3, Carole?s
Vigilante (12-1). 10 ran. 3Kl, 5l. Evan Williams.
1.30 (2m 4f 199yd ch) 1, Looksnowtlikebrian (R
Johnson, 3-1); 2, Minella Scamp (3-1); 3, Alf ?N?
Dor (11-4 fav). 8 ran. 12l, 7l. Tim Vaughan.
2.05 (1m 7f 182yd hdle) 1, Fairmount (A Tinkler,
7-2); 2, Holdbacktheriver (6-4 fav); 3, I?m
Always Trying (5-1). 6 ran. 13l, 4l. M Keighley.
2.40 (1m 7f 182yd hdle) 1, Potters Story (James
Bowen, 9-4); 2, Rayvin Black (2-1 fav); 3,
Tornado In Milan (12-1). 6 ran. 21l, 5l. P Bowen.
3.15 (3m 1f 60yd ch) 1, Misty Mai (Sean Bowen,
2-1 fav); 2, Astigos (10-1); 3, Lac Sacre (8-1).
6 ran. 3Kl, 3Nl. D Rees.
3.45 (1m 7f 182yd flat) 1, Echo Watt (Charlie
Hammond, 16-1); 2, Potters Tale (5-2);
3, A Book Of Intrigue (2-1 fav). 7 ran. 9l, 2Ol.
Richard Hobson.
Placepot: �.10.
Quadpot: �90.
Musselburgh
Going: good
12.10 (1m 7f 124yd hdle) 1, Silver Concorde (B
Hughes, 1-10 fav); 2, Pastoral Music (7-1); 3,
Auxiliary (33-1). 6 ran. NR: Felix Mendelssohn,
Kelpies Myth, Millie The Minx, My Jamaican
Guy. 12l, 5l. K Dalgleish.
12.40 (2m 7f 180yd hdle) 1, Fraser Canyon (Alan
Johns, 9-2); 2, Lady London (4-1); 3,
Justatenner (11-1). 10 ran. NR: Honeychile
Ryder, Trongate. Sh hd, 2Ol. Tim Vaughan.
1.10 (2m 3f 193yd ch) 1, Mullaghmurphy Blue (A
E Lynch, 11-10 fav); 2, Cousin Oscar (5-2); 3,
Running In Heels (7-1). 4 ran. NR: Pot
Committed, Strong Economy, Where?s Tiger.
16l, 12l. J Dreaper (Ire).
1.40 (2m 3f 81yd hdle) 1, Ballycrystal Court
(Danny Cook, 14-1); 2, Drums Of War (33-1); 3,
The Delray Munky (50-1). 7 ran. NR: French
Ticket, Moores Novelty, The Road Home. 11l,
13l. A Thomson.
2.15 (2m 3f 81yd hdle) 1, Buckled (Rachel
McDonald, 4-1); 2, Nathans Pride (6-1); 3, Man
Look (7-2). 8 ran. NR: Benny?s Secret, Strait Of
Magellan, Thorpe. 12l, 4Kl. A Thomson.
2.50 (2m 7f 170yd ch) 1, Rancher Lass (A E
Lynch, 9-1); 2, Havana Jack (7-2); 3, Doktor Glaz
(13-8 fav). 6 ran. NR: Shanroe Street. Kl, 2Kl. K
Thornton.
3.20 (1m 7f 124yd hdle) 1, Wot A Shot (Ryan
Day, 9-2); 2, Raised On Grazeon (7-2 fav); 3,
Nendrum (7-1). 14 ran. NR: Our Lucas. 3Kl, 2Ol.
N Richards.
Placepot: �447.60.
Quadpot: �6.80.
Plumpton
Going: soft (heavy in places)
12.20 (1m 7f 195yd hdle) 1, Lisp (Wayne
Hutchinson, 13-8); 2, Knocknanuss (5-4 fav);
3, Paddy?s Poem (20-1). 13 ran. NR: Mere
Ironmonger. 2Kl, 26l. A King.
12.50 (2m 3f 164yd ch) 1, Not Another Muddle
(J E Moore, 9-1); 2, Fixe Le Kap (1-5 fav); 3, Good
Man Hughie (33-1). 4 ran. 2Nl, 99l. G L Moore.
1.20 (2m 4f 114yd hdle) 1, Sam Brown (Aidan
Coleman, 7-4 fav); 2, New To This Town (5-2);
3, Delire D?Estruval (9-4). 11 ran. 7l, 21l.
A Honeyball.
1.50 (3m 1f 152yd ch) 1, Frank N Fair (T Dowling,
15-2); 2, Bears Rails (100-30); 3, Talk Of The
South (11-4 fav). 7 ran. 4Kl, 21l.
Miss Z Davison.
2.25 (1m 7f 195yd hdle) 1, Le Capricieux
(William Clarke, 8-1); 2, Landscape (14-1); 3,
Cafe Au Lait (8-13 fav). 8 ran. NR: Zarliman.
Nk, nk. G L Moore.
3.00 (2m 3f 164yd ch) 1, Finnegan?s Garden (T
Dowling, 5-4 fav); 2, Easter In Paris (10-1); 3,
Black Franks Angel (15-2). 5 ran. NR: Le Coeur
Net, Sir Hubert. 35l, 5l. Miss Z Davison.
3.30 (2m 1f 164yd flat) 1, Hideaway Vic (Aidan
Coleman, 4-11 fav); 2, Black Lightning (7-1);
3, Glentrool (33-1). 7 ran. 1Nl, 11l. A Honeyball.
Placepot: �.10.
Quadpot: �70.
Wolverhampton
Going: standard
2.00 (1m 1f 104yd) 1, Archipeligo (Mr B Lynn,
14-1); 2, Quoteline Direct (10-1); 3, Luv U
Whatever (8-1). 13 ran. Nk, 1l. I Jardine.
2.35 (6f 20yd) 1, Ballymore Castle (A Mullen,
5-6 fav); 2, Bernie?s Boy (9-4); 3, Haraz (4-1).
NR: De Little Engine, Dream Start. Ol, hd.
R Fahey.
3.10 (6f 20yd) 1, Poppy In The Wind (Hollie
Doyle, 8-1); 2, Hamish Mcgonagain (7-1);
3, A Sure Welcome (7-4 fav). 10 ran. NR: Big
Lachie, Major Crispies. Hd, 2Nl. A Brown.
3.40 (5f 21yd) 1, Tiger Lyon (A Mullen, 5-2);
2, Bomad (5-1); 3, Magic Mark (2-1 fav). 6 ran.
NR: Global Rose, Magic Pulse. Hd, Kl. J Butler.
4.10 (1m 1f 104yd) 1, Jackfinbar (Hector
Crouch, 16-1); 2, Voyager Blue (13-8 fav);
3, Craving (4-1). 12 ran. NR: Zalshah. Nk, sh hd.
H Dunlop.
4.40 (1m 142yd) 1, Carp Kid (D C Costello, 5-2
fav); 2, Zapateado (11-4); 3, Blue Harmony
(8-1). 8 ran. NR: That?s My Girl. 1Kl, hd.
J Osborne.
5.10 (1m 142yd) 1, Pure Shores (P J McDonald,
9-4);
2,
Wonderfillo
(10-11
fav);
3, Crumblecreek (10-1). 6 ran. 1Ol, 3Nl.
Ian Williams.
Placepot: �8.60.
Quadpot: �70.
64
1G M
Tuesday December 19 2017 | the times
Sport Rugby union
Owen Slot
Chief Rugby Correspondent
This is the perfect time to be Irish
S
o there we were, in the belly of Clermont
Auvergne?s magnificent Stade
Marcel-Michelin on Sunday evening,
talking to George Kruis. The Saracens
lock was trying to talk to us in return
and, given that he actually had to sit down to
conduct the conversation, he made a pretty
decent fist of it. He was bone-weary, dog-tired.
Clermont v Saracens had the intensity and
physicality of many a Test match; if you
compare it to England v Argentina or England v
Samoa last month, it looked like it had more.
Did it feel like an international, we asked
him? ?Yeah, for sure,? he replied, pausing for
breath. ?They kept coming. There were some big
boys out there.? If you can imagine a 6ft 6in,
18st 8lb giant then slowly hauling himself back
to his feet, you will have a picture of how
completely spent he was.
We have just had two belting rounds in the
European Champions Cup. Close contests, high
quality contests, four countries in genuine
6 There is increasing noise about the new
Bath stadium which, after decades, it seems,
might finally be going ahead. However, for a
new, cool, modern club rugby stadium, they
might like to look at Racing 92 who, this
weekend, will play their first fixture in their
new U Arena, an indoor 32,000-seat stadium
in the centre of Paris called a ?U? because it
has a colossal big screen that occupies the
whole of one end. The bar has been set
phenomenally high.
competition; not just England, France and
Ireland, but Wales too.
Of the four, who would you choose to be?
Irish. Without a doubt. And it hasn?t just been a
strong two weeks for the Irish, it has been a
titanic two months. The national side were
unbeaten in the autumn internationals; this past
fortnight, they have been unbeaten in Europe.
In the Champions and Challenge Cups this
season, the four Irish provinces have played 16,
won 14. In contests against English sides this
past fortnight, they are 6-0 up. The crowing in
some quarters of the press is therefore not
surprising. As one Irish columnist wrote: ?It?s
telling that only one English team is in a
qualifying position for the quarter-finals. They?ll
be Brexiting big time in January.?
Indeed, my prediction in this newspaper on
Saturday still stands: that of the seven English
clubs in the Champions Cup, two will reach the
last eight. Of the three Irish contenders, it may
be all three, definitely two. More significantly,
Leinster and Munster look set for home
quarter-finals and that, of course, brings the
semi-finals increasingly within their grasp.
Let there be no doubt: Irish rugby is in
blooming good health and the good news is not
just on the field. When Simon Zebo announced
that he was leaving Munster to maximise his
earning power overseas, the fear that more
would follow was considerable. Peter O?Mahony
and CJ Stander were the next big issues. There
was less talk but even more foreign interest in
Tadhg Furlong, one of the two most valuable
players in the country (with Conor Murray).
Last week, though, O?Mahony and Furlong
re-signed. Stander is expected to follow suit fast.
Not that it was required, but O?Mahony gave
a timely, man-of-the-match reminder of his
value on Sunday evening at Welford Road.
Nobody in Europe had ever beaten Leicester
twice in a back-to-back double. Well, Munster
have just broken that duck.
Many wondered whether the news of Zebo
and the mid-season departure of Rassie
Erasmus, the Munster director of rugby who is
to take up the post of South Africa director of
rugby, would herald a kind of club crisis. The
opposite appears to have taken place; Johann
van Graan has come in and instead of mourning
what has passed, we have a honeymoon period.
In this weekend of Ireland 黚er alles, two
elements were striking. One was the sheer scale
of home-grown product. Ireland are criticised
(fairly, in my opinion) for their pipeline of
overseas ?project players?, but here is the other
side to the story.
In Leinster?s squad of 23 against Exeter Chiefs
nine days ago, 18 had come through their
academy. Of Leinster?s 45-man senior squad, 37
have come through their academy or the
pathway. Leinster?s production line is so strong
that their players are spilling into the other
provinces: seven are in the Ulster squad, five are
with Munster and 13 with Connacht. The
6 Yes, but it?s not all quite so rosy in the green
team, at least not according to Luke
Fitzgerald, the former Ireland wing turned
broadcaster/journalist. As we know, and as we
have written in these pages, Joe Schmidt, the
Ireland coach, likes to run a tight ship, he
likes to be over every detail, he is the master
of control. This, of course, isn?t to everyone?s
taste. Fitzgerald, though, has taken this
further by suggesting that Schmidt is one of
the reasons why Simon Zebo, the Munster
wing, is leaving for Racing 92 and, in so doing,
kissing goodbye to his Ireland career.
According to Fitzgerald: ?The tightness of
Joe probably doesn?t suit him. I?ll be honest,
from being in camp, it?s difficult for him [Zebo]
in there. He is relaxed, he is a relaxed guy. Joe
is not. Joe is the complete opposite. I don?t
think he enjoys it in there, I don?t think he
enjoys it.?
That will not go down well with the Master
of Control.
Furlong, the Ireland and Lions prop, will remain
at Leinster despite strong interest from overseas
conclusion in The Irish Times at the weekend
was that ?Leinster are akin to Ajax in their 1980s
pomp?.
Some of the reason for this is the sheer
strength of schools rugby. Wellington College is
one of the most elite rugby schools in England
yet, when they played St Michael?s College,
Dublin, ten days ago, they were beaten 72-0.
The other striking aspect of the Irish
weekend was the character and resilience of
their three Champions Cup teams. The
English all came fast out of the blocks and then
faded. Munster were 10-3 down to Leicester
Tigers after 20 minutes, Leinster were 17-3 down
to Exeter just before half-time, Ulster were only
one point ahead of Harlequins after half an
hour but won the game by 28.
In all three cases, the English uprising was
quelled. The Irish teams dug in, put out the fire
and slowly eased ahead.
Of course, there are two more rounds to go in
the pool stage. However, in games that are
sometimes at or bordering on Test level, as
Kruis has so vividly reminded us, the Irish have
already proved that they have the quality,
character and patience to hold sway.
Next, naturally, is genuine Test match rugby
in the form of the Six Nations; unsurprisingly,
Six Nations success and European success are
closely related. Three of the past four grand
slams have been won by nations that have
provided the Champions Cup winner in the
same year.
So 2017 has ended quite well for Ireland. They
have reason to be cheerful about 2018 too.
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65
2G M
Football Sport
Rooney adds
more woe as
Swansea pay
penalty twice
Oliver Kay
Chief Football
Correspondent
Everton
Calvert-Lewin 45+2, Sigurdsson 64,
Rooney 73 (pen)
Swansea City
Fer 35
3
0
2
1
The new-broom effect is rarely as
dramatic as this, as Swansea City?s
owners should keep in mind, but
Everton are a team transformed under
Sam Allardyce. A club in crisis when the
SOS call was made to Allardyce three
weeks ago, they have now won five of
their past six matches in all
competitions, leaving Swansea and the
rest of the Premier League?s strugglers
far behind.
It was not their most authoritative
performance since Allardyce took
charge, but, unlike the darker days of
this season under Ronald Koeman and
then David Unsworth, Everton kept
their composure after Leroy Fer gave
Swansea a first-half lead. Dominic
Calvert-Lewin equalised in first-half
stoppage time, following up when
Wayne Rooney?s penalty was saved,
and, after Gylfi Sigurdsson scored a
spectacular goal against his former
club, Rooney made it second time lucky
from the penalty spot ? and lucky it
was, given that Marcus Olsson?s trip on
Jonjoe Kenny happened outside the
18-yard box.
Defeat leaves Swansea bottom of the
table and increases the pressure on
their head coach, Paul Clement. How
he must rue the club?s decision to sell
Sigurdsson to Everton in August. Even
in those difficult first months of his time
on Merseyside, it was clear that
Swansea missed him ? that his value
was clear to the club he had left, if not
yet the one he had joined. Now that the
midfielder is beginning to demonstrate
the qualities that led Everton to pay
� million for him, the anguish felt at
Swansea must be greater still.
?Wow, just what you need,? Allardyce
said of Sigurdsson?s goal. ?You need a bit
of genius, someone who can change the
game when it?s in the balance. That is
what took us on to win the game
comfortably.?
The evening started off badly for
Swansea, with Wilfried Bony pulling up
in the opening seconds of the game,
signalling that he would have to be
substituted. Clement seemed bewildered afterwards when he spoke about
Bony?s departure. ?Strange,? Clement
said. ?What was that? Two minutes? I
don?t even know what action he had
done. The physios confirmed he has an
injury. How significant that injury is, we
don?t know yet.?
Swansea at least appeared to take
that setback in their stride, with Tammy
Abraham an eager replacement for the
injured Bony. On seven minutes the
substitute released Luciano Narsingh,
who had a low shot saved by Jordan
Pickford. Shortly afterwards Narsingh
got away from Cuco Martina again and
struck an attempt a foot over the crossbar from a promising position. It was a
let off for Everton, prompting calls of
?wake up? from the home crowd.
Everton certainly did not start with
the vigour they had shown in their
previous matches at Goodison Park
since Allardyce?s arrival. There were
threats from Rooney, attacking the ball
on the run from Martina?s cross,
Sigurdsson?s super strike
Distance: 24 yards
Speed: 53.95mph
CLIVE BRUNSKILL/GETTY IMAGES
Jason Puncheon was charged yesterday
with assault and possession of an
offensive weapon.
The Crystal Palace club captain was
arrested in the early hours of Sunday
after an incident outside the Mishiko
nightclub in Reigate, Surrey, in which
he is alleged to have become embroiled
in a fight between two women.
Puncheon, who missed Palace?s win
away to Leicester City on Saturday
because of illness, spent a night in a cell
before being released. The 31-year-old
trained with his team-mates yesterday
and is likely to remain available for
selection, although he has started only
two Premier League matches since Roy
Hodgson took charge in September.
Puncheon could be fined by Palace
for the incident and any punishment
will be determined after talks between
Hodgson and Steve Parish, although
the chairman is away on business att
present.
n
Despite being the club captain,
Puncheon has not played for
Palace since making a substitute
appearance in their 2-2 draw
against Everton on
November 18.
ar
Puncheon is due to appear
P
Man City.........18
Man United .... 18
Chelsea...........18
Liverpool........18
Arsenal ........... 18
Burnley...........18
Tottenham......18
Leicester.........18
Everton...........18
Watford...........18
Huddersfield..18
Southampton 18
Brighton
18
C Palace..........18
West Ham.......18
Bournemouth 18
Stoke
18
Newcastle.......18
West Brom ..... 18
Swansea ......... 18
2
Goals conceded in five
games under
Allardyce
13
Goals conceded in last
five games under
David Unsworth
11
Goals conceded in last
five games under
Ronald Koeman
W
17
13
12
9
10
9
9
7
7
6
6
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
2
3
D
1
2
2
7
3
5
4
5
4
4
3
6
6
5
5
4
4
3
8
3
L F A GDPts
0 56 12 44 52
3 39 12 27 41
4 32 14 18 38
2 38 20 18 34
5 31 20 11 33
4 16 12 4 32
5 31 18 13 31
6 27 26 1 26
7 24 30 -6 25
8 27 33 -6 22
9 16 30 -14 21
8 17 24 -7 18
8 14 23 -9 18
9 15 28 -13 17
9 17 32 -15 17
10 15 24 -9 16
10 19 39 -20 16
11 16 27 -11 15
8 13 24 -11 14
12 10 25 -15 12
Everton (4-2-3-1): J Pickford 6 ? J Kenny 6, M Holgate
7, A Williams 6, C Martina 6 ? M Schneiderlin 5
(sub: T Davies 61min, 7), I Gueye 7 ? A Lennon 7
(sub: A Lookman 79), W Rooney 7 (sub: S Ram韗ez 89),
G Sigurdsson 7 ? D Calvert-Lewin 7. Substitutes not
used J Robles, M Keane, P Jagielka, N Vlasic.
Booked Holgate, Kenny.
Swansea City (4-1-4-1): L Fabianski 7 ? K Naughton 5,
F Fern醤dez 6, A Mawson 5, M Olsson 5 ? R Mesa 5 ?
N Dyer 5 (sub: J Ayew 74), L Fer 6, T Carroll 6
(sub: S Clucas, 81), L Narsingh 6 ? W Bony
(sub: T Abraham 5, 6). Substitutes not used
K Nordfeldt, M van der Hoorn, � Rangel, R S醤chez.
Booked Dyer, Fern醤dez, Fer.
Referee J Moss. Attendance 37,580.
Roque Mesa. The Swansea midfielder
panicked and impeded Lennon for a
penalty. Rooney?s spot kick was pushed
on to the post by Fabianski, but CalvertLewin reacted quickly, driving the loose
ball into the net to make it 1-1.
Everton started the second half
ponderously, but Tom Davies brought
an immediate improvement, passing
the ball with far more purpose. Within
four minutes his sense of urgency
helped him pick out Rooney, who in
turn passed the ball on to Sigurdsson on
the left-hand side. He moved infield,
drifting
past
Kyle
Naughton?s
Rooney missed a first-half penalty, from which Calvert-Lewin equalised with the
challenge, and, from outside the penalrebound, but converted his second attempt from 12 yards to seal Everton?s win
ty area, produced an exquisite shot that
curled past Fabianski and inside the
Calvert-Lewin, turning smartly to test ness and intensity to their use of the near post to put Everton ahead.
Lukasz Fabianski from distance, and ball. Morgan Schneiderlin kept possesClement was aghast not just at
Aaron Lennon, turning Alfie Mawson sion well enough, but it was too slow, Naughton?s failure to be alert to
inside-out before shooting wide of the too cautious, and it gave Swansea hope. Sigurdsson?s party-piece, but the way in
near post, but there was a lack of crispOn 35 minutes Swansea struck. From which his players surrendered a
Tom Carroll?s corner, Ashley
promising dead-ball situation and
Williams was drawn to the
were ?spread all over the place?
crowd of players in front of
as they succumbed to the
him, leaving Fer with the
counterattack.
straightforward task of
Nine minutes later it was
beating Pickford. An
3-1 and Swansea were
Points Everton have
opposition player left
entitled to feel aggrieved
won from losing
unmarked on the six-yard
over the penalty; Olsson?s
positions in Premier
line to score with a side- League this season ? foul took place outside the
foot shot ? could there be a
penalty area and if Kenny
more than any
worse goal for Everton to
tripped over anything, it was
other side
concede
from
Allardyce?s
his own feet. Rooney ignored the
viewpoint?
protests and this time he made no
The question for Clement was mistake, slamming the ball home.
whether his Swansea team could hold
Clement said afterwards that he will
firm until half-time. It seemed that they ?keep fighting?, but Swansea have the
had done so as the game drifted into look of a team in a state of drift.
stoppage time, but they switched off Everton, by contrast, appear invigoratfrom, of all things, a throw-in, allowing ed. ?I couldn?t have asked for more,?
Rooney to turn near the corner flag and Allardyce said afterwards, his team
to find Lennon, who had got goalside of now up to ninth.
12
Puncheon on weapon and assault charges
Matt Hughes
Deputy Football Correspondent
Premier League table
Big Sam?s case
for Everton
defence
at Guildford magistrates? court on
January 5. A police spokesman said:
?Jason Puncheon, 31, of Kingswood, has
been charged with a Section 4 public
order offence ? causing fear or
provocation of violence, possession of
an offensive weapon and common
assault.?
The Mishiko nightclub issued a
statement confirming that Puncheon
attended the venue and that,
after it had closed, its door
staff intervened in a fight in
t street 50 metres away.
the
Puncheon missed the win
on Saturday with illness
Results
Football
Gainsborough Trinity v Solihull; St
Albans v Harrogate.
FA Trophy
First round
Equestrianism
Solihull
(2) 2 Tranmere (0) 0
Osborne 7
Hylton 40 (pen)
215
Sent off: J Hylton (Solihull) 90
FA Trophy second-round draw:
Ebbsfleet
v
Warrington
or
Altrincham;
Kidderminster
v
Stockport; East Thurrock v Chester;
Bognor Regis Town v Leyton Orient;
Braintree or Brackley v Barrow;
Chesham or Weston-super-Mare v
Workington; Billericay Town v
Stourbridge;
FC
Halifax
or
Macclesfield
v
Maidenhead;
Maidstone United v Hampton &
Richmond Borough or Heybridge
Swifts; Dover v Marine; Gateshead
or Guiseley v Dartford or Boreham
Wood; Wealdstone v Hereford;
Sutton v Hendon; Blyth Spartans or
Telford v Bromley; Spennymoor or
London International Horse Show:
Turkish Airlines Olympia Grand Prix
jump-off: 1, A Zorzi (It) on Contanga
34.05sec; 0 faults; 2, H Smolders
(Neth) Zinius 34.24, 0; 3, M Whitaker
(GB) Jb?s Hot Stuff 34.30, 0; 4, M Van
der Vleuten (Neth) Dana Blue 34.30,
0; 5, E Tops-Alexander (Aus) Inca Boy
40.24, 0; 6, B Maher (GB) Winning
Good 34.17, 4; 7, E Gaudiano (It)
Caspar 35.39, 4; 8, K Staut (Fr),
Ayade de Septon et HDC 35.59, 4.
Holly Speed Stakes: 1, W Funnell
(GB) Billy Angelo, 49.30sec, 0 faults;
2, L Renwick (GB) VDL Groep Alitta
49.92, 0; 3, M Ehning (Ger) Calanda
60.82, 0. Other GB 7, A Derbyshire,
Billy Lemon, 48.77.
Darts
PDC World Championship
Alexandra Palace, North London,
first round: M Suljovic (Austria) bt
K Painter (Eng) 3-0; D Gurney (N Ire)
bt R Huybrechts 3-1; P Lim (Sing) bt
M Webster (Wal) 3-2).
Football fixtures
Kick off 7.45
Carabao Cup: Quarter-finals: Arsenal
v West Ham; Leicester v Man City.
FA Cup second-round replay: Carlisle
v Gillingham.
Ladbrokes Scottish Championship:
Livingston v Falkirk. League One:
Stranraer v Albion. League Two:
Cowdenbeath v Stenhousemuir.
FA Trophy first-round replays: Blyth
Spartans v Telford; FC Halifax v
Macclesfield;
Spennymoor
v
Gainsborough;
Altrincham
v
Warrington; Gateshead v Guiseley;
Chesham v Weston-super-Mare;
Brackley v Braintree; Heybridge v
Hampton & Richmond; Boreham
Wood v Dartford.
Vanarama National League North:
North Ferriby v Curzon Ashton.
66
2G M
Tuesday December 19 2017 | the times
Sport Football
Henry Winter
Chief Football Writer
Superb Sterling
must be respected,
not persecuted
R
aheem Sterling is the most important
sportsperson in the country. He is the
pre-eminent English practitioner of
the nation?s most significant sport,
starring for a breathtaking,
record-breaking Manchester City side, and
aiming to take his vibrant form into the
foremost event on the planet, the World Cup,
next summer. But whether it is snobbery
towards football or prejudice against Sterling,
the 23-year-old Londoner is not properly
respected.
Sterling certainly feels the racism still sadly
staining English life, still endures it stoically and
on Saturday poured his frustration into his
football, scoring twice in City?s Premier League
vanquishing of Tottenham Hotspur. Nothing
against Spurs, but definitely something against
the world.
Four decades after Cyrille Regis was a pioneer
for black players and three decades since John
Barnes faced down the National Front and
unenlightened elements of the media, English
football still confronts the small-minded.
Sterling is indebted to Regis and Barnes for the
battles that they fought, but must survive
skirmishes, even in the 21st century, even in a
society claiming civilised status.
Greater Manchester police announced
yesterday that they were investigating
allegations of a racially aggravated assault on
Sterling when he arrived at City?s training
ground on Saturday morning. ?Hate crime will
not be tolerated in Greater Manchester,? they
said. It should not be tolerated anywhere.
The exact nature of the incident, pretty
unprecedented in terms of training grounds, has
still to be established, and it seems a surprising
lapse of security at such a well-run complex.
Sterling is known to be annoyed and his
concerns have been pointed out to Txiki
Begiristain, the director of football. The feeling
at Sterling?s end is that it has not been dealt
with properly internally, that it needed
quick-thinking kit men to help out, and that it
was crazy that an employee of such value could
be put at risk. A vexing event needs clarifying
and addressing.
What can be debated is the question of which
is the more malevolent manifestation of racism:
the physical aggression and bigoted invective
lurking in the street, allegedly even by a
training-ground gate, or invisible intolerance.
The latter, surely.
continued from back
De Bruyne to get six-year deal
to the inflation in wages but talks have
begun and, while an agreement is not
yet in place, both parties are confident
that the 26-year-old will sign a new
long-term deal next month.
City are preparing to offer an extension to Fernandinho, whose contract
expires at the end of the season, and
Raheem Sterling, who is halfway
through the five-year contract he
signed in the summer of 2015 on arrival
from Liverpool. There are also plans to
offer improved deals to Ederson, Leroy
San� and Gabriel Jesus, who are among
Frenchman, deemed it funny to ?black up? for a
fancy-dress party, before eventually apologising.
Racism, deliberate or unconscious, pollutes
the game, and that?s before the spotlight even
shifts to Russia next summer (when the real
litmus test can be properly applied only after the
final when the scrutiny lessens).
Sterling has undeniably made mistakes,
Sterling is arguably the victim of
both. He is the best English footballer
at work today, superior to the lauded
Harry Kane, and yet receives far less
praise. It is why it would be no surprise
if headlines were to appear linking
Sterling with Real Madrid or Barcelona
over the coming months.
Sterling would clearly have to listen to
their proposals, financial as well as footballing.
Barnes secretly bought a Real strip, such was his
(unrequited) desire to play for them. All this
could be the usual pre-amble to contract
renegotiations with City, although none are
planned. Anyway, Sterling would be daft to leave
City soon, not with national hegemony
achieved, European honours promised and the
joy of developing under Pep Guardiola every
day.
In 21 appearances for Guardiola?s side in the
Premier League and Champions League this
season, Sterling has scored 15 times, including
two last-gasp winners and three assists. And yet
he is perceived as a bit blingy, a poster boy for
the excess of the modern generation, a legacy of
his ill-handled flit from Liverpool to City,
pictures of him inhaling nitrous oxide and the
?more kids than caps? reputation of his early
years.
The truth is that he is quite restrained on
social media, is generally considered at City to
be a dedicated professional and the chance to
work under Guardiola was and is irresistible.
Yet Sterling?s move to City was invariably
depicted in pecuniary terms, ignoring that he
had been only a late substitute for Brendan
Rodgers at the Bernabeu, a frustration that bit
deep. Trophies, as well as money, feature in
Sterling?s thoughts. A ?bad-boy? narrative gets
applied to Sterling?s motives. It?s patronising at
best, racist at worst.
The country has, fortunately, largely moved
on since the days when Regis was taunted and
bananas were thrown at Barnes. But invisible
discrimination persists. The equality and
inclusion organisation Kick It Out was
established in 1993, aiming to expose and tackle
the scourge of racism in football. ?Twenty-four
years later, racism is still an integral part of
British society,? Lord Ouseley, the Kick It Out
chairman, wrote in its latest report.
And worse elsewhere, it needs emphasising.
We live in a world where Antoine Griezmann,
Atletico Madrid?s supposedly bright young
the lowest-paid members of the firstteam squad.
De Bruyne has been linked with
Barcelona and Real Madrid but said
recently: ?I?ve no feeling to go anywhere else. I enjoy being part of the
project here and playing the football we
are playing. I?m very happy here and
the people at the club know that.?
As reported in The Times yesterday,
City are increasingly optimistic that
Pep Guardiola will stay on as head
coach beyond the three-year contract
that began in June last year.
City have won their past 16 league
games but face a different challenge
this evening away to Leicester City in
the Carabao Cup quarter-finals.
Guardiola intends to use fringe players,
such as Claudio Bravo and Yaya Tour�,
alongside youngsters, such as Phil
Foden. It is not clear whether David
Silva, who missed the 4-1 win at home
to Tottenham Hotspur on Saturday for
personal reasons, will be part of the
squad.
Leicester City (probable; 4-2-3-1): B Hamer ?
D Amartey, A Dragovic, H Maguire, C Fuchs ? A King,
V Iborra ? K Iheanacho, S Okazaki, M Albrighton ? L Ulloa.
Manchester City (possible; 4-3-3): C Bravo ? Danilo,
T Adarabioyo, E Mangala, O Zinchenko ? I G黱dogan,
Y Tour�, P Foden ? R Sterling, G Jesus, Bernardo Silva.
Referee R Madley.
Television Live Sky Sports Football/Main Event,
kick-off 8pm.
Despite his form
for City and
England, Sterling
is frequently
vilified on social
media for
perceived
misdemeanours,
perhaps because
of his skin colour
hardly surprising given his maturing years being
played out in the glare of public curiosity, yet
the criticism flows earlier and more acerbically.
He has suffered in his 23 years, his father being
shot dead, and his keenness to repay his mother
for her many sacrifices is admirable. He buys
her a house and gets pilloried.
When Sterling quotes from the Bible, most
recently ?because of your faith, it will happen?
from Matthew 9.29, he is accused of blasphemy,
simulation, treachery and poor time-keeping.
?It?s only 9.23 here. Why you lying to fans?? was
one of the more polite reactions. Followed by
?You dive?, ?f*** me, he?s preaching now?,
?mercenary? and ?what does the Bible say about
greed and Judas?? Sterling does well to turn the
other cheek. Matthew 5.39.
Even his support for Brent, where he grew up,
in its bid for London Borough of Culture 2020
drew some derision. When the council hailed
?one of England?s most talented footballers?, one
respondent fumed ?most talented? If you count
him alongside Tom Daley yeah coz both excel at
diving #cheatingpr*ck?.
We all know social media can be a
cyber-combat zone where the illogical mingle
with the insulting and the illiterate, all
dancing to the backbeat of intolerance.
Mainstream media also get accused of
ignoring Sterling?s qualities, yet most of
t
those
who regularly cover England
a
appreciate
his importance, enjoy his company
a know how vital he will be next summer.
and
H made his 35th England appearance aged 22,
He
putting him alongside the distinguished Jack
Charlton and Alan Mullery. Sterling could easily
reach 50 caps before his 25th birthday. He could
one day be hailed as an England centurion.
In a sport crying out for English players with
belief, Sterling is even more valuable. Gareth
Southgate has rejigged his team for the World
Cup to a 3-5-2 because he doesn?t trust the
passing of Jordan Henderson and Eric Dier, the
central midfielders, so needs John Stones to step
out from a back three with an extra creative
presence, such as Adam Lallana, in the middle.
So the debate will intensify as to where
Sterling fits into a wing-back system, one rarely
used by City. A 3-4-3 would accommodate
Sterling. And he needs to start, such is his pace,
confidence, improved movement,
decision-making and finishing.
The widespread reluctance to salute his
prodigious footballing abilities is the most
concerning, the most pernicious. When he
posted a picture of City defeating Spurs, the
first reply was, ?I have never seen anyone
miss as many open goals as you. Done it
for England a lot also?, ?still run
like a girl? and ?you suck?
amid assorted emojis of
snakes.
Plenty of praise could be
found too. Sterling was
certainly acclaimed for the
skill with which he rolled
t ball away from Ashley
the
Y
Young
in the Manchester
derby, then cut inside as the
U
United
full back struggled to
regain his balance.
Sterling?s good. He?s England?s best. He
deserves respect.
Tarkowski charged over
incident with Murray
Injured Kachunga could
be out for three months
Burnley defender James Tarkowski is
facing a three-match ban after being
charged by the FA with violent
conduct during Saturday?s 0-0 draw
away to Brighton & Hove Albion. He
appeared to elbow Glenn Murray, the
Brighton forward, in an incident that
was missed by Chris Kavanagh, the
match referee, but caught on camera.
Tarkowski has until 6pm today to
respond to the charge, and he could
miss Premier League games against
Tottenham Hotspur, Manchester
United and Huddersfield Town.
Elias Kachunga, the Huddersfield
Town forward, could be out for up to
three months because of a knee
injury. The 25-year-old was carried
off on a stretcher soon after scoring
the opening goal in Saturday?s 4-1 win
away to Watford after a collision with
Heurelho Gomes. ??Kache? has
damaged his medial collateral
ligament and, ahead of a visit to a
specialist on Monday afternoon, he is
provisionally expected to be sidelined
for an estimated 8-12 weeks,?
Huddersfield said on their website.
the times | Tuesday December 19 2017
67
2G M
The Ashes Sport
Sport
audience
It was more like low-budget remake Daily
under 100,000
of Ghostbusters than scene of defeat
Martyn Ziegler Chief Sports Reporter
RYAN PIERSE/GETTY IMAGES
Giles Smith
Sport on
television
?T
here you go,? shouted
Michael Vaughan,
accurately if unpoetically.
?Australia regain the
Ashes.? So much for the
shot through a rain-spattered lens
with which BT Sport opened its fifthday coverage. So much for the
pictures of desperate groundstaff
crouched on the damp square with
leaf blowers. It didn?t look like the
scene of a painful sporting defeat at
that point. It looked like a low-budget
remake of Ghostbusters.
Even more promising was the
footage of a tarpaulin with the wind
under it, rising like a tidal wave and
setting off for the boundary,
undsman
wiping out the groundsman
its
on its way. Those bits
wdidn?t look like a lowbudget remake of
Ghostbusters. They
looked like a lowbudget remake of
The Perfect
Storm.
The signs
were there,
though,
especially for
those of us who
have learnt during
this series to use
Geoffrey Boycott?s straw
her-vane.
Panama as a weather-vane.
ng no dappled
If the brim is casting
rkshireman?s face,
face
shadows on the Yorkshireman?s
there may be something in it for the
seamers. If, by contrast, Boycott is
gauzily veiled like a blushing bride,
the sun is high and the day is set fair
for the batsmen. Yesterday morning
at the start of play, his little wooden
figure had gone indoors entirely and
was nowhere to be seen ? an
obviously bad omen.
The Australians (players and
pundits) were desperate to get out
there, puddles or otherwise; the
Root, Smith and the umpires monitor progress as the ground staff attempt to dry the pitch with
R
leaf blowers. Earlier in the day the covers blew off, knocking a groundsman off his feet, inset
le
En
English
were
hap to sit
happy
insid These
inside.
positio would be
positions
r
exactly reversed,
Graeme Swann
Sw
Graeme
pointed
out, ?if the ball w
was on the
foot? ?How much can you
other foot?.
achieve in five minutes with a garden
blower?? Matt Smith wondered, a
question he possibly hadn?t envisaged
asking when he applied to fill BT
Sport?s vacancy for a fluster-free
cricketing frontman who must be
prepared to work over Christmas. But
it turns out that you can get quite a
lot done in five minutes with a leaf
blower, and certainly if you?ve got
boots on your feet rather than balls.
Anyhow, eventually there was
cricket, and that cricket yielded the
inevitable result. ?Congratulations,?
Smith said to Adam Gilchrist, as the
pair of them stood at BT Sport?s glasstopped-table in the outfield. ?I didn?t
have much to do with it,? Gilchrist
modestly replied, though he was
wildly underestimating himself.
As the big story developed
regarding the ?overnight leakage?
(not something any of us likes to
wake up and discover), it fell to the
former Australia wicketkeeper to head
out into the storm with a microphone
and an umbrella and turn newsgatherer, horticulture specialist,
doctor of geology, climatologist,
political reporter, weatherman and
gardening correspondent in one
sensationally adept (and probably
quite reasonably priced) package. For
these feats he deserved better from
Vaughan, who spent that entire phase
of the broadcast perched on a stool in
the dry, engaging in low-watt banter
with Ricky Ponting, and who, three
Tests into the series, is still
unimaginatively sledging Gilchrist
regarding the size of his ears.
Vaughan is one of the team who
could usefully have a look at himself
between here and Melbourne and ask
whether he could be doing more as
his country?s opening banterer.
Vaughan could also re-address his
position regarding the dilemma for
the Test cricket broadcaster ? when
to play and when to leave. On day
four, the long-distance camera found
Smith in dressing room, purging his
An average of fewer than 100,000
viewers per day in Britain watched the
television coverage of each of the first
three Ashes Tests, according to broadcasting figures.
BT Sport paid a reported � million
for the rights to Cricket Australia?s
coverage over five years, including the
Ashes, but says that the viewing figures
do not tell the whole story because they
do not include those watching online or
on apps. Digital audiences comprise an
estimated 15-20 per cent more.
The peak audience was 340,000 but
still less than half the average TV audience for the 2010-11 series when
England won in Australia and Sky had
the rights. The peak for Sky in the first
Test of the 2013-14 series was 580,000.
For this series, the average for the
first Test in Brisbane was 92,000, but
that rose to 100,000 for the day-night
Test in Adelaide. The official figure
from the Broadcasters Audience
Research Board (Barb) for the average
number of viewers for the third Test
was 82,000, not including the final day?s
play.
A BT spokesman said: ?The Barb
overnights data of our live match coverage only show part of the story. With
the Ashes running through the night
and the way in which sports fans watch
the action evolving in recent years, we
would fully expect viewing figures to
vary, with people choosing a variety of
ways to watch, whether that?s live on TV
or online, catching up on the app on the
way to work, or watching the highlights
later in the day.?
nostrils of nasal hair. Somehow you
knew that Vaughan wouldn?t be able
to resist tickling at that: ?Having a
good old pick there, isn?t he??
Sometimes, surely, you?ve got to let
the pictures glide by or risk getting
caught behind, and this was one of
those occasions.
Sadly, as England found themselves
miserably mired in an impossible
mission, it was left to Gilchrist to
counter the natural instinct for
hysteria and provide some perspective.
?There could be worse things they
could be doing in their lives,? he said.
What a decent and necessary point.
That said, one noticed that Gilchrist
didn?t go on to list any of those worse
things. Again, maybe that?s something
for Melbourne.
Lanzini set for two-match ban after deception charge
Football
Matt Hughes
Manuel Lanzini is facing a two-match
ban after being charged with diving by
the FA in West Ham United?s 3-0 win
over Stoke City last Saturday.
The Argentinian fell to the ground as
he was challenged by the Stoke
defender Erik Pieters to win a penalty at
the Bet365 Stadium, which Mark Noble
scored to give the visiting team the lead.
He has until 6pm today to
respond to the charge that, if upheld,
will mean that he will miss tonight?s
Carabao Cup quarter-final away to
Arsenal and Saturday?s Premier League
match at home to Newcastle United.
The incident was referred to an
independent three-person FA panel
that decided that he had deceived the
referee Graham Scott. Oumar Niasse,
the Everton striker, became the first
Premier League player to be banned for
the ?successful deception of a match
official? last month.
Mark Hughes, the Stoke manager,
accused Lanzini of diving after the
game but David Moyes defended his
player, claiming that he went down as a
result of fatigue having made a 70-yard
run into the penalty area. The West
Ham manager yesterday expressed
surprise at the FA?s decision and left
open the possibility of an appeal.
?I?m going to think about it,? Moyes
said. ?I?m a bit surprised. The referee
was ten yards from the ball, nothing was
blocking his vision, the defender made
a challenge for the ball and didn?t get it.
So they?re going against the referee.
?The Goals on Sunday panel all said it
was a definite penalty. We?re going to
think about whether we appeal or not. I
think it?s strange that three people on
Sunday thought it was a penalty and
three people today think it probably
wasn?t.?
Moyes will not make wholesale
changes for tonight?s game at the
Emirates Stadium, although Joe Hart
will start in goal and Andy Carroll could
Lanzini won a penalty when going to
ground under pressure from Pieters
return after struggling with a bad back.
West Ham will travel across London in
good spirits having taken seven points
out of nine last week, with Moyes
claiming his impact since taking the job
shows that he could manage any club in
the world.
?Joe will definitely start,? Moyes said.
?He has been very good around the
place and he?s ready to play. We don?t
have enough players to make wholesale
changes. The Premier League is a priority but do I want to get to a cup final?
100 per cent, I really do.
?I had to come here and show I can do
it. I think I?m capable of doing the job at
any club in the world, so I?m sure I can
do it at West Ham.?
Ars鑞e Wenger plans to rotate his
squad for tonight?s game, with Theo
Walcott, Jack Wilshere and David
Ospina all likely to be involved. Walcott
is yet to start a Premier League game
this season but has been a regular part
of the second-string side who have
played in the Europa League and
Carabao Cup, and Wenger confirmed
that he would play.
Wilshere has impressed playing 90
minutes in Arsenal?s past two Premier
League games, having begun the
season out of favour. Wenger is without
Aaron Ramsey, who has a hamstring
injury. He expects the Welshman to
return at ?the beginning of January?.
?Some players are a little bit on the
edge,? Wenger said. ?We have so many
quality players who did not start on
Saturday [against Newcastle], so you
cannot say that you prefer to play a
player who has played three games in
six days to a guy who is at the same level
and is completely fresh.
?The players who will start are basically all international players, so that?s
why [squad rotation] makes sense. You
have to show the trust and the confidence that we have in the players who
did not start last week.?
Arsenal (possible; 3-4-2-1): D Ospina ? M Debuchy,
R Holding, N Monreal ? H Beller韓, M Elneny,
J Wilshere, S Kolasinac ? T Walcott, M 謟il ?
O Giroud.
West Ham United (probable; 3-4-3): J Hart ? W Reid,
A Ogbonna, A Cresswell ? P Zabaleta, D Rice, P Obiang,
A Masuaku ? J Hern醤dez, D Sakho, A Ayew.
Referee K Friend.
68
1G M
Tuesday December 19 2017 | the times
Sport The Ashes
Sport
How sad it?s all over
before showpiece
Tests have started
Gideon Haigh
Outclassed, or out of form?
Before the Ashes, England and Australia were thought to be evenly matched.
England, however, have a host of senior players out of form. These charts show
how much (as a percentage) each player's series average has diverged from his
career average. Above the axis is in form; below the axis is out of form.
BATSMEN
Cricket is getting shorter, and not just in
the ways intended. It has taken Australia 15 days to regain the Ashes that they
lost in 14 days just over two years ago.
?Dead Tests? may not be an inappropriate designation in the context of a
trophy with funerary associations. But
it sits oddly with ?live sport?.
Kudos to the Australians. They have
played substantially the better cricket
for significantly longer phases, and
again yesterday, with Mitchell Starc,
Pat Cummins and especially Josh
Hazlewood at their marauding best.
The rivals have not bowled on different
pitches during this Test, but it has
seemed like it.
Steve Smith has displayed a
magnate?s acquisitiveness, in runs, in
tricks, in moments. His impetuosity
with reviews has been faulted. But it?s
almost like an expression of belief in his
own willpower, that if he wants something hard enough it will come true. A
lot of the time, frankly, it does.
England, meanwhile, have been
locked ever tighter into a cycle of the
bowling having to make up for the
batting having to make up for the
bowling . . . with quite a lot of it to make
up for the absence of Ben Stokes. The
crowd has grown used to it, too, not
even troubling yesterday to boo Stuart
Broad.
But 3-0 so soon? It leaves the
summer?s showpiece Tests ? Boxing
Day in Melbourne and new year in
Sydney ? with no bearing on the
series. People will turn up. They loyally
do. And it?s hard to see Australia playing
such demob-happy cricket as England
did at the Oval in 2015 when nothing
was on the line. But it has hardly been
ebb and flow ? more like crash
through or crash. If attention turned
naturally to the Big Bash League, which
commences tonight with its Sydney
derby, it would be no wonder.
Some of the reason was on show in
the damp final morning of the third
Test at the Waca yesterday. There were
mackerel skies, gloomy forecasts,
flurries of inactivity. But the loss of
overs was not, in the end, substantial.
To be saved by weather these days
requires quantities of rain that call
forth arks. Otherwise overs unbowled
one day are added to subsequent days
by reference to sliding scales that result
in starting times of improbable
precision, such as 9.51am or 10.13am,
but better value for spectators.
That leaves a lot of cricket to be
played, and it?s as though the game
burns almost too brightly for sustainability. Three times in the past 13
months, England have made 400 and
lost by an innings. They have become
cricket?s high-rollers.
The Ashes trend is likewise to
extremities. Since the glory days of
2005, there has been but one genuinely
close Ashes Test, Trent Bridge in 2013.
England
In form
Smith
+138.02
Stoneman
Australia
M Marsh
Malan
+732.57
+113.08
Vince
+7.2
+57.39
Paine
Warner
+20.8
+2.21%
Bancroft
Khawaja
0
-26.33
Cook
-70.15%
Out of form
S Marsh
Bairstow
+107.39
+0.98
Root
Ali
-44.23
-45.55
SEAMERS
SPINNER
In form
Anderson
Lyon
-18.1
Hazlewood
-9.9
-5.7
Starc
-25.75
Cummins
+18.56
Woakes
+68.53
Broad
+114.51
Out of form
England
Pre Ashes avg
Batsmen
Alastair Cook
Mark Stoneman
James Vince
Joe Root
Dawid Malan
Jonny Bairstow
Moeen Ali
Seamers
James Anderson
Stuart Broad
Chris Woakes
Spinner
Moeen Ali
Series avg
46.33
30
19.27
53.76
23.62
39.77
34.66
13.83
32.16
30.33
29.33
50.33
40.16
19.33
27.39
28.81
30.6
25.83
61.8
51.57
37.32
105.33
Otherwise the margins have been
blow-outs, both ways.
After only one series whitewash in
the first 130 years of Anglo-Australia
competition, there have been two in the
past 11 years, and one would not bet
against us watching the third.
Certainly, a key indicator in this
series has been the form of the captains,
Smith and Joe Root averaging 142 and
29.33 respectively. If it cannot faithfully
reflect their respective talents, it does
index the degree to which Australia has
overwhelmed its oldest rival.
An away team, moreover, has won
only once in the past 15 years, as tours
have grown more crowded, less forgiving. The 25 scheduled Test days of 201718 span 46 days in total. Before them
three low-key games in empty grounds;
between them another. Little chance to
prepare; no chance to recover. A fiveTest series in these circumstances is
squeezing a quart into a pint pot.
Home-ground advantage really needs
no further skewing.
That is not an excuse for England,
any more than it was an excuse for
Australia
Ali
+182.23
Pre Ashes avg
Batsmen
David Warner
Cameron Bancroft
Usman Khawaja
Steve Smith
Shaun Marsh
Mitchell Marsh
Tim Paine
Seamers
Mitchell Starc
Josh Hazlewood
Pat Cummins
Spinner
Nathan Lyon
Series avg
47.94
31.5
45.47
59.66
36
21.74
35.87
49
31.5
33.5
142
74.66
181
43.33
28.35
25.75
25.38
21.05
23.2
30.09
31.83
26.07
Australia in 2015. Teams should not
concede scores of 662 for nine any
more than they should be bowled out
for 60. But we are in an age of cricket
and cricketers both impactful and
brittle, long on thrust, short on parry.
Much attention, for example, has
focused on Starc?s ball to bowl James
Vince on the fourth evening, deemed
unplayable by many good judges. Yet it
was surely significant how Vince chose
to play Starc, bowling with a low arm
from round the wicket ? naively showing all three stumps and attempting an
attacking flick.
To that point Vince had played freely
and fluently. And perhaps it was the
difference between his missing the ball
by an inch and two feet. But, with his
team three wickets down and 159 runs
in arrears, it had a kamikaze quality.
Root had already given way to his baser
instincts, chasing a wide loosener from
Nathan Lyon that he could only nick.
The Australians pursued their goal
for day 15 with a studied relentlessness,
undistracted by the inauspicious opening when the removal of the covers
ealed hessi
revealed
hessian wet and surface moist
from copious overnight rain, the effect
worsened by the kind of intermittent
sprinklings that leave you unsure whether to cancel your family barbecue.
A slick groundstaff can make the
folding and unfolding of covers look
like a routine at an Olympic opening
ceremony. The hapless crew here
resembled crewmen in a yacht race
trying to secure a flapping spinnaker.
Reports came from the middle that the
pitch was like, variously, Play-Doh,
Plasticine, peat, treacle tart. There was
time to muse on the collective noun for
leafblowers. A scattering? An autumn?
In fact, the pitch cut few capers and
Hazlewood, the least of Australia?s
attack in Brisbane but the best here,
bowled finely. To be fair, it was not truly
a capitulation of the visitors; rather a
subjection. And not an hour after the
fall of the last wicket, it was raining
again. But for all its relevance to
custody of the Ashes, it could rain for
the next month.
6Gideon Haigh is a columnist for The
Australian
Australia ratings
By Will Macpherson
cameron bancroft
Done little since his 82 not out
in Brisbane, not that it matters much
126 runs in series at average of 31.50
warner
5 david
Similar to Bancroft. England?s
plans outside off stump are working
196 runs at 49.00
khawaja
6 usman
Tidy half-century but never
looked totally at ease at the crease
134 runs at 33.50
smith
9 steve
His innings of 239 cemented
his status as a modern great
426 runs at 142.00
marsh
5 shaun
Did well to make it through
with Smith on the second evening
when conditions were tough
224 runs at 74.66
5
the times | Tuesday December 19 2017
69
1G M
Sport
Sport
RYAN PIERSE/GETTY IMAGES; JASON O?BRIEN/PA
I?m gutted ? Australia
have just been better
Craig Overton will head
for the beach in a bid
to get fit for the
final two Tests
W
e have not been good
enough for long
enough in this series
and have let chances
slip, and because of
that we have lost the Ashes before
Christmas. We are gutted but don?t for
a second think that there will be
divisions in the camp or that we see
the series as over. We will be throwing
everything we have at the Melbourne
and Sydney Tests ? we are desperate
to make a mark on the series, even if
it?s too late to win. We will fight until
the very last to do so.
I?m in a battle to be fit for the
Boxing Day Test. Just before lunch on
the fourth day I had to leave the field
after one dive too many in the deep. I
am nursing a hairline fracture to my
rib but the doctor warned me it could
become much worse if I landed the
wrong way ? a proper fracture, or
even a punctured lung. No one needs
that.
I?ve been brought up to fight
through the pain, and I?m not the sort
to leave the field for nothing. This was
similar to the time I played through a
stress fracture, but it would have
taken a broken leg or something like
that to stop me batting to try to save
the game yesterday. All you can do is
dose yourself up and try to get
through it.
I felt like a cross between the
Michelin man and a mummy as I
walked out with a load of extra
padding around a very swollen rib,
and I had to work out new ways of
dealing with the short ball because I
knew there were going to be plenty
coming my way. It?s becoming a way
of life for me and the lads in the tail.
I quickly realised that I was totally
unable to duck so stood as tall as I
could and got a couple to the fence ?
but I did not last long. As I was
walking off, the Aussies were very
close to winning the match and
therefore in a pretty chatty mood. It
was all funny stuff, a bit of banter
about how I?d been putting the injury
on and all that. It?ll take a bit more
than that to upset me.
We will assess my injury over the
next few days. Hopefully it?s just
Sealed with a kiss:
Smith celebrates
Ashes success in just
15 days with Darren
Lehmann, the coach.
Left, Starc, with his
bruised heel in a
bucket of ice, joins
Hazlewood, centre,
and Lyon for a
celebratory beer.
Contrastingly the
dejection felt by
England?s last pair of
Woakes, left, and
Anderson is clear
mitchell marsh
Wicketless, dropped a catch,
then played the innings of his life
181 runs at 181, no wickets
paine
8 tim
Kept superbly and contributed
a handy innings of 49 not out too
130 runs at 43.33; 15 catches, 1 stumping
starc
8 mitchell
Bowled that ball, but was the
weakest Australia seamer otherwise
19 wickets at 21.05; 33 runs at 8.25
cummins
8 pat
Bowled beautifully and bats
like a god, has more runs than Cook
11 wickets at 30.09; 138 runs at 46
lyon
7 nathan
Less effective than normal but
picked up vital wickets
14 wickets at 26.07; 37 runs at 12.33
hazlewood
9 josh
Brilliant five-wicket haul
15 wickets at 23.20; 9 runs at 4.50
8
Total
78
England ratings
alastair cook
Is time running out? It takes a
brave man to write Cook off
83 runs at 13.83
stoneman
6 mark
Gutsiest innings of the tour,
but hasn?t got past 50s in six Tests
193 runs at 32.16
vince
6 james
Gave it away in the first, freak
ball ended his stylish second innings
182 runs at 30.33
root
3 joe
A tough test. Strangled down
leg side then horror shot to Lyon
176 runs at 29.33
malan
8 dawid
Breakthrough Test with a fine
century and battling fifty. More runs
than any England player in 2013-14
302 runs at 50.33
2
jonny bairstow
Kept standards up with the
gloves and scored a superb hundred
241 runs at 40.16; five catches
ali
2 moeen
Is really struggling. Toothless
with the ball and all at sea with bat
116 runs at 19.33; 3 wickets at 105.33
woakes
4 chris
Kept plugging away but found
no lateral movement with the ball
7 wickets at 51.57; 88 runs at 14.66
overton
6 craig
A brave man. Fully committed,
even though he had a broken rib
6 wickets at 37.44; 62 runs at 20.66
broad
2 stuart
Devoid of threat or zip and
should lose the new ball to Woakes
5 wickets at 61.8; 45 runs at 7.50
anderson
6 james
Rewarded when game was up
12 wickets at 25.83; 6 runs at 6.00
8
Total
53
swelling, and will go down as we have
some days off. I won?t rule myself out
of Melbourne. I accept it?s unlikely,
but I?m so desperate to play that I
won?t accept I?m not going to until the
doctors tell me absolutely otherwise.
I?ll be weaning myself off the strong
painkillers, just a few paracetamol to
help me sleep. And no golf! It?ll be
beach time for me.
I first had trouble with my rib in
Adelaide when Pat Cummins hit me
on the chest on the final day. Between
Tests there was a little discomfort but
nothing major at all ? I was bowling
with ease, played golf and the medical
staff were happy I was all good. But
then in my first spell with the ball I
dived to take a caught and bowled off
Usman Khawaja, didn?t quite manage
it and landed very awkwardly. I came
back for my second spell and bowled
a bumper, which instantly caused me
massive pain in the ribs. It wasn?t ideal
because I?d started well, picking up
the wickets of David Warner and
Cameron Bancroft to peg them back
after a decent start to their innings.
After that, we didn?t have an answer
to Steve Smith and Mitchell Marsh,
who batted superbly. It was a struggle
on a very flat pitch, quick outfield and
a ball that goes very soft. All credit to
them, but that was a serious session in
the dirt. The fast bowlers racked up
more than 30 miles each in the field,
with Chris Woakes clocking the most.
Properly brutal stuff.
The final morning of the game was
very strange. It was like club cricket.
The covers had let through some
water overnight and were blowing all
over the shop. Then they were trying
to dry it with leaf-blowers, which we
found bizarre because they splurt cold
air out. I?ve seen them used to get rid
of dust, but not to dry things. It really
didn?t feel like we were waiting to go
out to play Test cricket.
I went out for a couple of looks, but
Joe Root was the main point of
contact, telling us what was going on.
It was all very surreal, and actually a
bit sad that a great ground like the
Waca ended a great Ashes history
with some controversy.
The Aussies were desperate to get
on but early on it was wet, and was
not fit for play. It dried out, on top at
least, and we got on. When we did,
thankfully the ball didn?t misbehave
too much and Australia bowled
brilliantly. In the biggest moments,
they stood up again. Fair play to
them.
Smith sheds tears after
hard work pays dividends
Will Macpherson Perth
Steve Smith cried as he grappled with
guiding his team to victory inside 15
days in his first Ashes series as captain.
Smith scored the biggest and
quickest of his 22 Test centuries in the
third Test, 239, as Australia racked up
662 for nine declared. He also made a
battling hundred, his slowest in Test
cricket, in the opener in Brisbane.
?I was crying in the sheds a minute
ago, everything just came out,? he said.
?We?ve worked incredibly hard. It?s
been a great couple of weeks and I?m
really proud of everyone back in that
room. Everyone?s played a part.?
Smith looked ?at about 35 different
weather sites? to assess the forecast on
the final morning. ?It was a shame that
water was able to get through the covers
at an international venue, but the
umpires made the right call with when
to get the game started,? he said.
The selection of Shaun Marsh, Tim
Paine and latterly Mitchell Marsh, who
made 181 in a record fifth-wicket stand
with Smith here, paid off handsomely
and the captain paid credit to the
selectors. ?A lot of people would say
they made bold moves before the first
Test,? Smith said. ?But each of the guys
they have picked have come in and
done a fabulous job. They cop it a lot of
the time but have to be given credit.?
Australia?s attention turns to a whitewash, which Smith describes as ?the
ultimate goal?. They have named an
unchanged 13-man squad for the
Boxing Day Test in Melbourne, with
fast bowler Mitchell Starc expected to
play in spite of a bruised heel.
70
1G M
Tuesday December 19 2017 | the times
Sport The Ashes
Sport
07:46 GMT on Monday, December 18
The moment England lost the Ashes
Coming months will test Root
Mike Atherton
Chief Cricket
Correspondent,
Perth
Australia v England
Waca (final day of five): Australia beat England by an
innings and 41 runs
It was 14 minutes before 4 o?clock on an
unseasonably cool and rain-splattered
December day in Perth when Pat
Cummins, straining every sinew,
rushed to the crease with every
Australian schoolboy?s fantasy for the
taking. England?s last pair were at
guard, the Ashes beckoned and what
young cricketer does not dream of
administering the last rites and
reclaiming the urn for his country?
Recently the Waca has been the place
where such dreams have been realised
for Australia. This ground, with its
brutal, spare architecture, has been
unforgiving of England, who have now
suffered eight consecutive defeats here,
with the added ignominy of the Ashes
swapping hands on four of those
occasions. Cricket may mourn the
passing of the Waca; England will not.
Before the series, Stuart Broad said
that England would try to ?swarm? all
over Australia but, in truth, they came
with a conservative plan of attack: bat
for a long time; wear Australia?s bowlers
down; take the game deep; bowl dry;
save boundaries; contain and frustrate.
It didn?t work. Joe Root?s team took
each game to the fifth day all right, but
the margins of defeat were immense ?
ten wickets, 120 runs ? before yesterday?s result. The Ashes were prised
from England?s grasp in 15 days.
In 2006-07, the Ashes-winning
moment at Perth went to the maestro,
Shane Warne, when he bowled Monty
Panesar neck and crop. Fittingly, in
2013-14, it fell to Mitchell Johnson,
whose thunderbolts had so destabilised
and demoralised his opponents.
Although it was Josh Hazlewood who
did most of the damage on the final day
this time, finishing with five wickets, it
was now Cummins?s turn to hog the
limelight.
A common denominator between
four years ago and now was James
Anderson. England?s last man had been
at Johnson?s mercy then, when he
fenced a fast, rising delivery into the
hands of short leg. Now Anderson was
at the crease again, and suffering again,
after Cummins sent a searing bouncer
into the side of his helmet. Anderson
shook his head, felt his tender lughole
and twice the team doctor was called on
to the pitch to administer treatment.
Anderson looked shaken. England
have looked shocked by their opponents? ferocity in this series, much as
they had done during 2006-07, when
Ricky Ponting had his game face on,
and during 2013-14, when Johnson
spearheaded a rout. Although the
series has been one-sided, the cricket in
patches has been competitive, but
when games were in the balance,
Australia were simply too skilful, too
committed, too determined ? and too
ferocious.
In the end it was Chris Woakes who
succumbed to Cummins for the final
wicket, edging a fast, rising delivery to
Tim Paine behind the stumps, but Anderson?s presence in the middle as,
shortly afterwards, Cummins, Hazlewood and Mitchell Starc embraced and
congratulated each other on a job well
done, was revealing. While England
relied on two ageing seamers who
suffered a whitewash four years earlier,
Australia revitalised their pace attack
completely: they are younger, hungry,
vital and fast.
None of which is to belittle
Anderson. In bowling lengthy spells at
Adelaide, he confirmed his fitness and
appetite for the contest, and with 12
wickets, he has done himself justice. For
Broad, though, it has looked a tour too
far, as it had done for a number of
England players four years earlier.
Australia reveals any weaknesses,
physical, technical or mental. There is
no hiding place.
To note the layout of the relative
attacks is simply to recognise that, four
years after humbling England with one
of the finest collective fast bowling
displays of recent memory, Australia
have completely revamped theirs with
no diminution of pace, aggression or
effectiveness. Hazlewood, Starc and
Cummins are worthy successors to
Ryan Harris, Peter Siddle and Johnson,
and to their predecessors too. The latest
attack stands comparison to any.
Clean-cut, tattoo-free, universityeducated, as all his siblings are, and a
man who enjoys a good crossword in
his spare time, Cummins confounds the
Aussie fast-bowling stereotype in some
ways. In others, though, he is on-message: on the final morning, he barely
bowled a ball in England?s half of the
pitch. Steve Smith has used him as a
battering ram throughout the series, an
effective tactic at tailenders, who were
harried into submission time and again.
The captains presented contrasting
pictures after the match, Joe Root
downcast and clutching at straws and
Smith
understandably
cheerful,
clutching the man-of-the-match award
and the replica urn. Smith is averaging
142 for the series, Root 29.33 and there
is no question who is carrying the
heavier burden. The next few months
will test Root like never before and it is
to be hoped that his natural ebullience
is not drained from him.
Smith has been immense. In
Brisbane he scored his slowest Test
hundred, in Perth his quickest. He
carries more of a runscoring burden
than his most recent predecessors in a
team who have flakier batting, but
whatever Root and England?s bowlers
threw at him, Smith found a way until
eventually they ran out of ideas. He
lives for the game, loves batting and is in
a run of form to challenge anyone of the
past. One world-class batsman and a
varied, potent attack is usually enough.
It was hard listening to the losing
captain at the end. Whereas Root
fumbled around, as many England
captains have done in similar circumstances, praising effort and workrate
but offering little in fundamental analysis, Smith was clear where the point of
difference between the teams lay. The
?big three?, he called them repeatedly, a
term once coined in frustration at the
England?s new bad habit
Six times in Tests have a team made
400 or more in the first innings and
lost by an innings. England have
done it three times in 13 months.
England lost to Australia (Aug 1930)
By innings and 39 runs, The Oval
Sri Lanka lost to England (May 2011)
By innings and 14 runs, Cardiff
England lost to India (Dec 2016)
By innings and 36 runs, Mumbai
England lost to India (Dec 2016)
By innings and 75 runs, Chennai
Pakistan lost to Australia (Dec 2016)
By innings and 18 runs, Melbourne
England lost to Australia (Dec 2017)
By innings and 41 runs, Perth
administrative goings-on of India,
England and Australia, but now a
reference to his three fast bowlers.
?I think here in Australia it certainly
makes a difference on the flatter tracks,
where there isn?t much sideways movement. That extra air speed can make a
big difference. We?ve worked really
hard to ensure we had these three big
quicks on the park and ready for this
series. A couple of them skipped the
one-day series in India.
?We knew what was coming up, we
were preparing for this series and we
wanted those big three on the park to do
what they?ve done the last three Test
matches. A lot of praise has got to go to
the medical staff for ensuring those
guys were ready to go and also the
selectors,? Smith said.
the times | Tuesday December 19 2017
71
1G M
Sport
Sport
RYAN PIERSE/GETTY IMAGES
England will resist
kneejerk reactions
bounce back. ?They have a huge
amount of experience and offer a lot to
With England battling to avoid a third this group. Their performances over a
whitewash in the past four away Ashes long period of time speak for themseries and the urn back in Australian selves. I see no reason why throughout
hands after three Tests, Trevor Bayliss the rest of this series that they can?t do
was short on answers. But the coach that again. It is very important that me
insists that he can take the team and Trevor don?t panic or make hasty
forward.
decisions.?
Bayliss was appointed by Andrew
Bayliss said: ?I haven?t given any
Strauss in 2015 and has overseen an thought whatsoever to making changes
upturn in England?s white-ball record. . . . we?ll have to see how these last
But his Test record remains poor: couple of games in the series go. There
England have lost more (17 matches) are a few guys disappointed with how
than they have won under him (15). they have gone and guys who haven?t
They lost 4-0 in India last winter and done as well as they would have liked.
are facing a similar ? or worse ? scor- As for Alastair Cook, he has played the
eline in Australia. The 2019 World Cup game for long enough and will know
in England means that they are when it?s time to go.?
unlikely to make a change in the
The selectors, headed by James
head
coach,
especially
Whitaker, will also come
because Bayliss is popular
under scrutiny, although
among
the
players.
the success of fringe picks
Strauss, the director of
such as Dawid Malan,
cricket, will not return to
Mark Stoneman and
England?s
win
percentage
Australia this winter
Craig Overton is a boon.
at
the
Waca
in
14
Tests
owing to his wife?s illOverton is likely to miss
(1
win,
3
draws,
10
ness, but Tom Harrison,
out in Melbourne with
defeats). The only win
the ECB chief executive,
his rib injury, while
was in 1978, when
will be in Melbourne next
Broad has a minor knee
they
won
the
week.
problem and Moeen Ali
series 5-1
?I think I am, you may not,?
may be vulnerable after a
said Bayliss when asked if he was
poor series with bat and ball.
the man for the job. ?Our performances
?We won every series during the
have gone pretty well over the last summer,? Bayliss said. ?Over the last
couple of years. That?s for people above couple of years we?ve certainly been on
my pay grade to make that decision. So the lookout for a few positions in the
we?ll leave it up to them.?
team and no one until this tour has
Bayliss, who admitted that ?he didn?t stood out. Malan?s done extremely well
have the answers? as to why Australia at No 5 and James Vince keeps showing
were producing fast bowlers and that he can play at this level. He just
England were not, is not the only figure needs to do it for longer. That first big
whose job could come under pressure. score might open the floodgates.?
Senior players such as Alastair Cook
Root put his own struggles down to
and Stuart Broad have been shadows of overexertion. ?Probably my biggest
themselves, but Bayliss and Joe Root, thing to my detriment is trying too
the captain, backed them to recover. hard,? he said. ?I?ve been desperate for
Root believes that England must resist us to win this series. There?s still two
kneejerk reactions. ?I?d like to think so,? very important games and we have to
he said, when asked if Cook, 33 on try and make sure we put strong
Christmas Day, and Broad, 31, would performances in.?
Will Macpherson Perth
7.14%
Cummins has
Woakes caught
behind and his
team-mates rush
to congratulate
him for taking
the wicket that
sealed the Ashes
like never before
It is not just the wickets that fast
bowlers take ? the big three have taken
45 between them ? but the
psychological impact that they carry.
According to the number-crunchers
from CricViz, Australia?s bowlers have
averaged about 4mph quicker than
England?s throughout the series, which
might not seem significant but at the
speed of the blink of an eye, it is.
Some thought that England lost this
match in their first innings, when 368
for four became 403 all out. It may be
true that an opportunity was missed
but, if you score more than 400 and lose
by an innings, then the problem does
not lie with the batting. Not once,
either, but three times in the past 13
months, England have lost from such a
position. That is soul-destroying for a
captain. It finished Alastair Cook off in
India and Root has looked gradually
diminished here.
The problem goes deeper when you
consider that since May 2015, England
have conceded more than 500 on eight
occasions. Five of these have come
away from home ? Chennai, Mumbai,
Cape Town, Abu Dhabi and Perth
being the roll call of shame ? when the
sideways movement that sustains an
attack shorn of high pace and quality
spin is absent. England have now lost
their past seven Tests away from home.
Any analysis of this Ashes defeat has
to consider the general and the specific.
The relevance of English-style bowling
to Australian conditions is hardly new.
On only four occasions since the
Second World War have England come
to Australia and won and then more
often than not against modest Australia
sides. Common to victories in 1954-55
and 1970-71 was the presence of
top-class, genuinely quick fast bowlers
in Frank Tyson and John Snow. Other
than that, success has been thin on the
ground.
Whereas Australia have only now
nudged ahead on series wins (this gives
them a lead of 33-32), they are well
ahead on the number of Tests won at
home. More recently, of course, this advantage has been stretched, with
Andrew Strauss?s victorious tour of
2010-11 standing out, sandwiched in
between the whitewashes of 2006-07
and 2013-14.
On the specifics, little has gone right
in respect of this tour since September
25, when it became clear that England
would be without Ben Stokes. How
different things would have been is
hard to say, but he has been missed. His
absence has affected the balance of the
team and, given the occasional position
England found themselves in with the
bat, the extra depth would have been
significant. More than that, Stokes is
the type of cricketer who would not
have taken a backward step against
Australian aggression.
Nor were England helped by the
preparation. The standout tour to Australia in recent times was built on three
tough four-day matches against two
state teams and an Australia A side. A
two-day match against a young
Western Australia team and two
four-day matches against a youthful
Cricket Australia XI proved no preparation for an Ashes engagement and, in
future, touring teams should insist on
something more meaningful.
It has been a hard tour for some
senior players. Cook has struggled
throughout, pinned to the crease by
pace and given no respite. He has not
made a half-century in Tests, while
Root?s climb to the summit of batting
has stalled. Moeen Ali has had a terrible
time: he has been hampered by injuries;
he has struggled with the extra bounce
and has suffered in comparison with
Nathan Lyon. Broad has looked such a
shadow of himself that the locals could
not bring themselves to boo him on the
final day. Dawid Malan has grown in
stature. James Vince and Mark
Stoneman have offered glimpses of
promise and Craig Overton has shown
some guts. Slim pickings.
The squad lacks depth. As a
left-hander with previous against the
short ball, Gary Ballance is a suspect
alternative as a batsman. Mason Crane
is as green as grass and the reserve
seamers offer nothing different, no
variety of angle or pace or action. In
English conditions, a handful might
make a composite XI but here, in the
heat and on flat pitches, England are
outgunned. There are no alternatives
for the final two matches in Melbourne
and Sydney, a depressing thought to
take into the festive season.
The nonsense that has accompanied
the touring party as defeat has followed
defeat has been just that. Forget the
headbutting, The Avenue, the curfews,
the so-called drinking culture and the
pouring of schooners over senior
players. All just froth. The truth is that,
in these conditions, Australia have been
better ? as has so often been the case in
postwar cricket.
Full scoreboard from the Waca
England: First Innings
A N Cook lbw b Starc................................... 7
M D Stoneman c Paine b Starc........... 56
J M Vince c Paine b Hazlewood..........25
*J E Root c Paine b Cummins...............20
D J Malan c sub b Lyon......................... 140
?J M Bairstow b Starc..............................119
M M Ali c Smith b Cummins....................0
C R Woakes c Cummins
b Hazlewood................................................ 8
C Overton c Bancroft b Hazlewood.....2
S C J Broad c Bancroft b Starc.............. 12
J M Anderson not out................................ 0
Extras (b 10, lb 2, w 1, nb 1)......................14
Total (115.1 overs)................................ 403
Fall of wickets 1-26, 2-89, 3-115, 4-131,
5-368, 6-372, 7-389, 8-389, 9-393.
Bowling Starc 25.1-5-91-4; Hazlewood
28-9-92-3; Cummins 28-8-84-2;
Lyon 22-4-73-1; M R Marsh 9-1-43-0;
Smith 3-1-8-0.
Australia: First Innings
C T Bancroft lbw b Overton.................. 25
D A Warner c Bairstow b Overton..... 22
U T Khawaja lbw b Woakes.................. 50
*S P D Smith lbw b Anderson............ 239
S E Marsh c Root b Ali.............................. 28
M R Marsh lbw b Anderson..................181
?T D Paine not out..................................... 49
M A Starc run out........................................... 1
P J Cummins lbw b Anderson.............. 41
N M Lyon c Ali b Anderson.......................4
Extras (b 4, lb 16, w 1, nb 1)..................... 22
Total (9 wkts dec, 179.3 overs)...... 662
J R Hazlewood did not bat.
Fall of wickets 1-44, 2-55, 3-179, 4-248,
5-549, 6-560, 7-561, 8-654, 9-662.
Bowling Anderson 37.3-9-116-4; Broad
35-3-142-0; Woakes 41-8-128-1; Overton
24-1-110-2; Ali 33-4-120-1; Root 3-0-13-0;
Malan 6-1-13-0.
England: Second Innings
A N Cook c and b Hazlewood............... 14
M D Stoneman c Paine
b Hazlewood................................................ 3
J M Vince b Starc.........................................55
*J E Root c Smith b Lyon.......................... 14
D J Malan c Paine b Hazlewood......... 54
?J M Bairstow b Hazlewood.................. 14
M M Ali lbw b Lyon.......................................11
C R Woakes c Paine b Cummins.........22
C Overton c Khawaja b Hazlewood...12
S C J Broad c Paine b Cummins............0
J M Anderson not out..................................1
Extras (b 6, lb 11, nb 1)................................18
Total (72.5 overs)................................. 218
Fall of wickets 1-4, 2-29, 3-60, 4-100,
5-133, 6-172, 7-196, 8-210, 9-211.
Bowling Starc 17-5-44-1; Hazlewood
18-6-48-5; M R Marsh 3-1-14-0;
Cummins 19.5-4-53-2; Lyon 15-4-42-2.
Umpires M Erasmus (South Africa)
and C B Gaffaney (New Zealand).
TV umpire Aleem Dar (Pakistan).
Series details
First Test Australia won by ten
wickets (Brisbane). Second Test
Australia won by 120 runs (Adelaide).
Fourth Test Dec 26-30 (Melbourne).
Fifth Test Jan 4-8 (Sydney).
Tuesday December 19 2017 | the times
2G M
Sport
Too skilful, too ferocious
Henry Winter
Sterling is English football?s
best and deserves respect
Page 66
thetimes.co.uk/sport
PHILIP BROWN/GETTY IMAGES
Mike Atherton?s verdict as Australia prise Ashes from England Pages 67-71
De Bruyne to
get �0k deal
Oliver Kay
Chief Football Correspondent
Manchester City will reward Kevin De
Bruyne next month for his outstanding
form this season with a new six-year
contract worth more than �0,000 a
week, making him one of the Premier
League?s highest earners.
De Bruyne has three and a half years
left on a basic salary of �5,000 a week,
plus bonuses and image rights, but City
have opened talks over a new deal to
reflect his emergence as one of the
club?s most important players.
The Premier League?s top earners
include Sergio Ag黣ro, the City
forward, and Paul Pogba, the Manchester United midfielder, whose wages, including image rights, exceed �0,000
a week. De Bruyne?s agent, Patrick De
Koster, said this season that negotiations might not be straightforward due
Continued on page 66
Gatlin?s coach
?offered drugs?
Martyn Ziegler Chief Sports Reporter
Justin Gatlin, who was booed after
beating Usain Bolt to become 100m
world champion in London this
summer, is facing an investigation into
a new doping scandal after the
American?s coach and track agent were
allegedly secretly recorded offering to
supply performance-enhancing drugs.
Undercover reporters from The Daily
Telegraph spoke to Dennis Mitchell,
Gatlin?s coach, and Robert Wagner, his
track agent, about obtaining human
growth hormone and testosterone.
Mitchell also spoke about using
?designer drugs? to avoid positive
tests.
Gatlin?s representatives responded to
the sting by saying that the sprinter has
sacked Mitchell as coach and has not
taken any performance-enhancing
Australia celebrate after claiming the wicket of Chris Woakes, England?s last man out, to clinch the Perth Test by an innings and 41 runs and with it a series victory
Continued on page 62
Times Crossword 26,912
Yesterday?s solution 26,911
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across
down
1 Globe-trotting pleasure-seeker?s
black dog (3-6)
6 Notes written about island capital
(5)
9 Grass ? giving rise to great alarm!
(5)
10 Convenient haven in old Indian
city (9)
11 Tyneside boss fencing in large
aquatic plant (7)
12 Hanger-on heading off with
American force (7)
13 Plant found in ravines by seabird
with style (7,7)
17 Boxer possibly mends tan briefs
badly (4,4,6)
21 Gawky being ultimately cut out for
relaxing sport? (7)
23 Excursion a ?rm provides for
colourful bird (7)
25 Murderer a Trojan prince observed,
according to report (9)
26 Arab, one fronting endless attack
without question (5)
27 State capital?s second month
without alcoholic drink (5)
28 Like a tomboy?s call to attract man
by hotel (9)
1 A power held by fellow in charge of
a ?owering shrub (8)
2 In Princeton, a likely description of
much traditional music (5)
3 Impedes new copper prodding
remains of ?re (9)
4 Book about setting up of broadcast
item, possibly (7)
5 Copy beginning of record I found
in unexpected place (7)
6 Tantrum left parents ?nally upset
(5)
7 Healthy old actor catching game
for supplier of healthy food (5,4)
8 States 18 opposed (6)
14 Speech made by new president
during month on river? (9)
15 Corrupt squire out to get
semiprecious stone (9)
16 Censure maiden cutting beautiful
youth on horse (8)
18 Language no good in priest?s hole,
initially? (7)
19 Insecure title oddly held by
right-winger (7)
20 Eccentric son at university going
over grounds (6)
22 Man absorbing woman?s artistic
style (5)
24 Taxi turns up in main road? They
can be counted on (5)
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y(7HB7E2*OTSMMQ( |||+\!=
verton ahead.
Lukasz Fabianski from distance, and ball. Morgan Schneiderlin kept possesClement was aghast not just at
Aaron Lennon, turning Alfie Mawson sion well enough, but it was too slow, Naughton?s failure to be alert to
inside-out before shooting wide of the too cautious, and it gave Swansea hope. Sigurdsson?s party-piece, but the way in
near post, but there was a lack of crispOn 35 minutes Swansea struck. From which his players surrendered a
Tom Carroll?s corner, Ashley
promising dead-ball situation and
Williams was drawn to the
were ?spread all over the place?
crowd of players in front of
as they succumbed to the
him, leaving Fer with the
counterattack.
straightforward task of
Nine minutes later it was
beating Pickford. An
3-1 and Swansea were
Points Everton have
opposition player left
entitled to feel aggrieved
won from losing
unmarked on the six-yard
over the penalty; Olsson?s
positions in Premier
line to score with a side- League this season ? foul took place outside the
foot shot ? could there be a
penalty area and if Kenny
more than any
worse goal for Everton to
tripped over anything, it was
other side
concede
from
Allardyce?s
his own feet. Rooney ignored the
viewpoint?
protests and this time he made no
The question for Clement was mistake, slamming the ball home.
whether his Swansea team could hold
Clement said afterwards that he will
firm until half-time. It seemed that they ?keep fighting?, but Swansea have the
had done so as the game drifted into look of a team in a state of drift.
stoppage time, but they switched off Everton, by contrast, appear invigoratfrom, of all things, a throw-in, allowing ed. ?I couldn?t have asked for more,?
Rooney to turn near the corner flag and Allardyce said afterwards, his team
to find Lennon, who had got goalside of now up to ninth.
12
Puncheon on weapon and assault charges
Matt Hughes
Deputy Football Correspondent
Premier League table
Big Sam?s case
for Everton
defence
at Guildford magistrates? court on
January 5. A police spokesman said:
?Jason Puncheon, 31, of Kingswood, has
been charged with a Section 4 public
order offence ? causing fear or
provocation of violence, possession of
an offensive weapon and common
assault.?
The Mishiko nightclub issued a
statement confirming that Puncheon
attended the venue and that,
after it had closed, its door
staff intervened in a fight in
t street 50 metres away.
the
Puncheon missed the win
on Saturday with illness
Results
Football
Gainsborough Trinity v Solihull; St
Albans v Harrogate.
FA Trophy
First round
Equestrianism
Solihull
(2) 2 Tranmere (0) 0
Osborne 7
Hylton 40 (pen)
215
Sent off: J Hylton (Solihull) 90
FA Trophy second-round draw:
Ebbsfleet
v
Warrington
or
Altrincham;
Kidderminster
v
Stockport; East Thurrock v Chester;
Bognor Regis Town v Leyton Orient;
Braintree or Brackley v Barrow;
Chesham or Weston-super-Mare v
Workington; Billericay Town v
Stourbridge;
FC
Halifax
or
Macclesfield
v
Maidenhead;
Maidstone United v Hampton &
Richmond Borough or Heybridge
Swifts; Dover v Marine; Gateshead
or Guiseley v Dartford or Boreham
Wood; Wealdstone v Hereford;
Sutton v Hendon; Blyth Spartans or
Telford v Bromley; Spennymoor or
London International Horse Show:
Turkish Airlines Olympia Grand Prix
jump-off: 1, A Zorzi (It) on Contanga
34.05sec; 0 faults; 2, H Smolders
(Neth) Zinius 34.24, 0; 3, M Whitaker
(GB) Jb?s Hot Stuff 34.30, 0; 4, M Van
der Vleuten (Neth) Dana Blue 34.30,
0; 5, E Tops-Alexander (Aus) Inca Boy
40.24, 0; 6, B Maher (GB) Winning
Good 34.17, 4; 7, E Gaudiano (It)
Caspar 35.39, 4; 8, K Staut (Fr),
Ayade de Septon et HDC 35.59, 4.
Holly Speed Stakes: 1, W Funnell
(GB) Billy Angelo, 49.30sec, 0 faults;
2, L Renwick (GB) VDL Groep Alitta
49.92, 0; 3, M Ehning (Ger) Calanda
60.82, 0. Other GB 7, A Derbyshire,
Billy Lemon, 48.77.
Darts
PDC World Championship
Alexandra Palace, North London,
first round: M Suljovic (Austria) bt
K Painter (Eng) 3-0; D Gurney (N Ire)
bt R Huybrechts 3-1; P Lim (Sing) bt
M Webster (Wal) 3-2).
Football fixtures
Kick off 7.45
Carabao Cup: Quarter-finals: Arsenal
v West Ham; Leicester v Man City.
FA Cup second-round replay: Carlisle
v Gillingham.
Ladbrokes Scottish Championship:
Livingston v Falkirk. League One:
Stranraer v Albion. League Two:
Cowdenbeath v Stenhousemuir.
FA Trophy first-round replays: Blyth
Spartans v Telford; FC Halifax v
Macclesfield;
Spennymoor
v
Gainsborough;
Altrincham
v
Warrington; Gateshead v Guiseley;
Chesham v Weston-super-Mare;
Brackley v Braintree; Heybridge v
Hampton & Richmond; Boreham
Wood v Dartford.
Vanarama National League North:
North Ferriby v Curzon Ashton.
66
2G M
Tuesday December 19 2017 | the times
Sport Football
Henry Winter
Chief Football Writer
Superb Sterling
must be respected,
not persecuted
R
aheem Sterling is the most important
sportsperson in the country. He is the
pre-eminent English practitioner of
the nation?s most significant sport,
starring for a breathtaking,
record-breaking Manchester City side, and
aiming to take his vibrant form into the
foremost event on the planet, the World Cup,
next summer. But whether it is snobbery
towards football or prejudice against Sterling,
the 23-year-old Londoner is not properly
respected.
Sterling certainly feels the racism still sadly
staining English life, still endures it stoically and
on Saturday poured his frustration into his
football, scoring twice in City?s Premier League
vanquishing of Tottenham Hotspur. Nothing
against Spurs, but definitely something against
the world.
Four decades after Cyrille Regis was a pioneer
for black players and three decades since John
Barnes faced down the National Front and
unenlightened elements of the media, English
football still confronts the small-minded.
Sterling is indebted to Regis and Barnes for the
battles that they fought, but must survive
skirmishes, even in the 21st century, even in a
society claiming civilised status.
Greater Manchester police announced
yesterday that they were investigating
allegations of a racially aggravated assault on
Sterling when he arrived at City?s training
ground on Saturday morning. ?Hate crime will
not be tolerated in Greater Manchester,? they
said. It should not be tolerated anywhere.
The exact nature of the incident, pretty
unprecedented in terms of training grounds, has
still to be established, and it seems a surprising
lapse of security at such a well-run complex.
Sterling is known to be annoyed and his
concerns have been pointed out to Txiki
Begiristain, the director of football. The feeling
at Sterling?s end is that it has not been dealt
with properly internally, that it needed
quick-thinking kit men to help out, and that it
was crazy that an employee of such value could
be put at risk. A vexing event needs clarifying
and addressing.
What can be debated is the question of which
is the more malevolent manifestation of racism:
the physical aggression and bigoted invective
lurking in the street, allegedly even by a
training-ground gate, or invisible intolerance.
The latter, surely.
continued from back
De Bruyne to get six-year deal
to the inflation in wages but talks have
begun and, while an agreement is not
yet in place, both parties are confident
that the 26-year-old will sign a new
long-term deal next month.
City are preparing to offer an extension to Fernandinho, whose contract
expires at the end of the season, and
Raheem Sterling, who is halfway
through the five-year contract he
signed in the summer of 2015 on arrival
from Liverpool. There are also plans to
offer improved deals to Ederson, Leroy
San� and Gabriel Jesus, who are among
Frenchman, deemed it funny to ?black up? for a
fancy-dress party, before eventually apologising.
Racism, deliberate or unconscious, pollutes
the game, and that?s before the spotlight even
shifts to Russia next summer (when the real
litmus test can be properly applied only after the
final when the scrutiny lessens).
Sterling has undeniably made mistakes,
Sterling is arguably the victim of
both. He is the best English footballer
at work today, superior to the lauded
Harry Kane, and yet receives far less
praise. It is why it would be no surprise
if headlines were to appear linking
Sterling with Real Madrid or Barcelona
over the coming months.
Sterling would clearly have to listen to
their proposals, financial as well as footballing.
Barnes secretly bought a Real strip, such was his
(unrequited) desire to play for them. All this
could be the usual pre-amble to contract
renegotiations with City, although none are
planned. Anyway, Sterling would be daft to leave
City soon, not with national hegemony
achieved, European honours promised and the
joy of developing under Pep Guardiola every
day.
In 21 appearances for Guardiola?s side in the
Premier League and Champions League this
season, Sterling has scored 15 times, including
two last-gasp winners and three assists. And yet
he is perceived as a bit blingy, a poster boy for
the excess of the modern generation, a legacy of
his ill-handled flit from Liverpool to City,
pictures of him inhaling nitrous oxide and the
?more kids than caps? reputation of his early
years.
The truth is that he is quite restrained on
social media, is generally considered at City to
be a dedicated professional and the chance to
work under Guardiola was and is irresistible.
Yet Sterling?s move to City was invariably
depicted in pecuniary terms, ignoring that he
had been only a late substitute for Brendan
Rodgers at the Bernabeu, a frustration that bit
deep. Trophies, as well as money, feature in
Sterling?s thoughts. A ?bad-boy? narrative gets
applied to Sterling?s motives. It?s patronising at
best, racist at worst.
The country has, fortunately, largely moved
on since the days when Regis was taunted and
bananas were thrown at Barnes. But invisible
discrimination persists. The equality and
inclusion organisation Kick It Out was
established in 1993, aiming to expose and tackle
the scourge of racism in football. ?Twenty-four
years later, racism is still an integral part of
British society,? Lord Ouseley, the Kick It Out
chairman, wrote in its latest report.
And worse elsewhere, it needs emphasising.
We live in a world where Antoine Griezmann,
Atletico Madrid?s supposedly bright young
the lowest-paid members of the firstteam squad.
De Bruyne has been linked with
Barcelona and Real Madrid but said
recently: ?I?ve no feeling to go anywhere else. I enjoy being part of the
project here and playing the football we
are playing. I?m very happy here and
the people at the club know that.?
As reported in The Times yesterday,
City are increasingly optimistic that
Pep Guardiola will stay on as head
coach beyond the three-year contract
that began in June last year.
City have won their past 16 league
games but face a different challenge
this evening away to Leicester City in
the Carabao Cup quarter-finals.
Guardiola intends to use fringe players,
such as Claudio Bravo and Yaya Tour�,
alongside youngsters, such as Phil
Foden. It is not clear whether David
Silva, who missed the 4-1 win at home
to Tottenham Hotspur on Saturday for
personal reasons, will be part of the
squad.
Leicester City (probable; 4-2-3-1): B Hamer ?
D Amartey, A Dragovic, H Maguire, C Fuchs ? A King,
V Iborra ? K Iheanacho, S Okazaki, M Albrighton ? L Ulloa.
Manchester City (possible; 4-3-3): C Bravo ? Danilo,
T Adarabioyo, E Mangala, O Zinchenko ? I G黱dogan,
Y Tour�, P Foden ? R Sterling, G Jesus, Bernardo Silva.
Referee R Madley.
Television Live Sky Sports Football/Main Event,
kick-off 8pm.
Despite his form
for City and
England, Sterling
is frequently
vilified on social
media for
perceived
misdemeanours,
perhaps because
of his skin colour
hardly surprising given his maturing years being
played out in the glare of public curiosity, yet
the criticism flows earlier and more acerbically.
He has suffered in his 23 years, his father being
shot dead, and his keenness to repay his mother
for her many sacrifices is admirable. He buys
her a house and gets pilloried.
When Sterling quotes from the Bible, most
recently ?because of your faith, it will happen?
from Matthew 9.29, he is accused of blasphemy,
simulation, treachery and poor time-keeping.
?It?s only 9.23 here. Why you lying to fans?? was
one of the more polite reactions. Followed by
?You dive?, ?f*** me, he?s preaching now?,
?mercenary? and ?what does the Bible say about
greed and Judas?? Sterling does well to turn the
other cheek. Matthew 5.39.
Even his support for Brent, where he grew up,
in its bid for London Borough of Culture 2020
drew some derision. When the council hailed
?one of England?s most talented footballers?, one
respondent fumed ?most talented? If you count
him alongside Tom Daley yeah coz both excel at
diving #cheatingpr*ck?.
We all know social media can be a
cyber-combat zone where the illogical mingle
with the insulting and the illiterate, all
dancing to the backbeat of intolerance.
Mainstream media also get accused of
ignoring Sterling?s qualities, yet most of
t
those
who regularly cover England
a
appreciate
his importance, enjoy his company
a know how vital he will be next summer.
and
H made his 35th England appearance aged 22,
He
putting him alongside the distinguished Jack
Charlton and Alan Mullery. Sterling could easily
reach 50 caps before his 25th birthday. He could
one day be hailed as an England centurion.
In a sport crying out for English players with
belief, Sterling is even more valuable. Gareth
Southgate has rejigged his team for the World
Cup to a 3-5-2 because he doesn?t trust the
passing of Jordan Henderson and Eric Dier, the
central midfielders, so needs John Stones to step
out from a back three with an extra creative
presence, such as Adam Lallana, in the middle.
So the debate will intensify as to where
Sterling fits into a wing-back system, one rarely
used by City. A 3-4-3 would accommodate
Sterling. And he needs to start, such is his pace,
confidence, improved movement,
decision-making and finishing.
The widespread reluctance to salute his
prodigious footballing abilities is the most
concerning, the most pernicious. When he
posted a picture of City defeating Spurs, the
first reply was, ?I have never seen anyone
miss as many open goals as you. Done it
for England a lot also?, ?still run
like a girl? and ?you suck?
amid assorted emojis of
snakes.
Plenty of praise could be
found too. Sterling was
certainly acclaimed for the
skill with which he rolled
t ball away from Ashley
the
Y
Young
in the Manchester
derby, then cut inside as the
U
United
full back struggled to
regain his balance.
Sterling?s good. He?s England?s best. He
deserves respect.
Tarkowski charged over
incident with Murray
Injured Kachunga could
be out for three months
Burnley defender James Tarkowski is
facing a three-match ban after being
charged by the FA with violent
conduct during Saturday?s 0-0 draw
away to Brighton & Hove Albion. He
appeared to elbow Glenn Murray, the
Brighton forward, in an incident that
was missed by Chris Kavanagh, the
match referee, but caught on camera.
Tarkowski has until 6pm today to
respond to the charge, and he could
miss Premier League games against
Tottenham Hotspur, Manchester
United and Huddersfield Town.
Elias Kachunga, the Huddersfield
Town forward, could be out for up to
three months because of a knee
injury. The 25-year-old was carried
off on a stretcher soon after scoring
the opening goal in Saturday?s 4-1 win
away to Watford after a collision with
Heurelho Gomes. ??Kache? has
damaged his medial collateral
ligament and, ahead of a visit to a
specialist on Monday afternoon, he is
provisionally expected to be sidelined
for an estimated 8-12 weeks,?
Huddersfield said on their website.
the times | Tuesday December 19 2017
67
2G M
The Ashes Sport
Sport
audience
It was more like low-budget remake Daily
under 100,000
of Ghostbusters than scene of defeat
Martyn Ziegler Chief Sports Reporter
RYAN PIERSE/GETTY IMAGES
Giles Smith
Sport on
television
?T
here you go,? shouted
Michael Vaughan,
accurately if unpoetically.
?Australia regain the
Ashes.? So much for the
shot through a rain-spattered lens
with which BT Sport opened its fifthday coverage. So much for the
pictures of desperate groundstaff
crouched on the damp square with
leaf blowers. It didn?t look like the
scene of a painful sporting defeat at
that point. It looked like a low-budget
remake of Ghostbusters.
Even more promising was the
footage of a tarpaulin with the wind
under it, rising like a tidal wave and
setting off for the boundary,
undsman
wiping out the groundsman
its
on its way. Those bits
wdidn?t look like a lowbudget remake of
Ghostbusters. They
looked like a lowbudget remake of
The Perfect
Storm.
The signs
were there,
though,
especially for
those of us who
have learnt during
this series to use
Geoffrey Boycott?s straw
her-vane.
Panama as a weather-vane.
ng no dappled
If the brim is casting
rkshireman?s face,
face
shadows on the Yorkshireman?s
there may be something in it for the
seamers. If, by contrast, Boycott is
gauzily veiled like a blushing bride,
the sun is high and the day is set fair
for the batsmen. Yesterday morning
at the start of play, his little wooden
figure had gone indoors entirely and
was nowhere to be seen ? an
obviously bad omen.
The Australians (players and
pundits) were desperate to get out
there, puddles or otherwise; the
Root, Smith and the umpires monitor progress as the ground staff attempt to dry the pitch with
R
leaf blowers. Earlier in the day the covers blew off, knocking a groundsman off his feet, inset
le
En
English
were
hap to sit
happy
insid These
inside.
positio would be
positions
r
exactly reversed,
Graeme Swann
Sw
Graeme
pointed
out, ?if the ball w
was on the
foot? ?How much can you
other foot?.
achieve in five minutes with a garden
blower?? Matt Smith wondered, a
question he possibly hadn?t envisaged
asking when he applied to fill BT
Sport?s vacancy for a fluster-free
cricketing frontman who must be
prepared to work over Christmas. But
it turns out that you can get quite a
lot done in five minutes with a leaf
blower, and certainly if you?ve got
boots on your feet rather than balls.
Anyhow, eventually there was
cricket, and that cricket yielded the
inevitable result. ?Congratulations,?
Smith said to Adam Gilchrist, as the
pair of them stood at BT Sport?s glasstopped-table in the outfield. ?I didn?t
have much to do with it,? Gilchrist
modestly replied, though he was
wildly underestimating himself.
As the big story developed
regarding the ?overnight leakage?
(not something any of us likes to
wake up and discover), it fell to the
former Australia wicketkeeper to head
out into the storm with a microphone
and an umbrella and turn newsgatherer, horticulture specialist,
doctor of geology, climatologist,
political reporter, weatherman and
gardening correspondent in one
sensationally adept (and probably
quite reasonably priced) package. For
these feats he deserved better from
Vaughan, who spent that entire phase
of the broadcast perched on a stool in
the dry, engaging in low-watt banter
with Ricky Ponting, and who, three
Tests into the series, is still
unimaginatively sledging Gilchrist
regarding the size of his ears.
Vaughan is one of the team who
could usefully have a look at himself
between here and Melbourne and ask
whether he could be doing more as
his country?s opening banterer.
Vaughan could also re-address his
position regarding the dilemma for
the Test cricket broadcaster ? when
to play and when to leave. On day
four, the long-distance camera found
Smith in dressing room, purging his
An average of fewer than 100,000
viewers per day in Britain watched the
television coverage of each of the first
three Ashes Tests, according to broadcasting figures.
BT Sport paid a reported � million
for the rights to Cricket Australia?s
coverage over five years, including the
Ashes, but says that the viewing figures
do not tell the whole story because they
do not include those watching online or
on apps. Digital audiences comprise an
estimated 15-20 per cent more.
The peak audience was 340,000 but
still less than half the average TV audience for the 2010-11 series when
England won in Australia and Sky had
the rights. The peak for Sky in the first
Test of the 2013-14 series was 580,000.
For this series, the average for the
first Test in Brisbane was 92,000, but
that rose to 100,000 for the day-night
Test in Adelaide. The official figure
from the Broadcasters Audience
Research Board (Barb) for the average
number of viewers for the third Test
was 82,000, not including the final day?s
play.
A BT spokesman said: ?The Barb
overnights data of our live match coverage only show part of the story. With
the Ashes running through the night
and the way in which sports fans watch
the action evolving in recent years, we
would fully expect viewing figures to
vary, with people choosing a variety of
ways to watch, whether that?s live on TV
or online, catching up on the app on the
way to work, or watching the highlights
later in the day.?
nostrils of nasal hair. Somehow you
knew that Vaughan wouldn?t be able
to resist tickling at that: ?Having a
good old pick there, isn?t he??
Sometimes, surely, you?ve got to let
the pictures glide by or risk getting
caught behind, and this was one of
those occasions.
Sadly, as England found themselves
miserably mired in an impossible
mission, it was left to Gilchrist to
counter the natural instinct for
hysteria and provide some perspective.
?There could be worse things they
could be doing in their lives,? he said.
What a decent and necessary point.
That said, one noticed that Gilchrist
didn?t go on to list any of those worse
things. Again, maybe that?s something
for Melbourne.
Lanzini set for two-match ban after deception charge
Football
Matt Hughes
Manuel Lanzini is facing a two-match
ban after being charged with diving by
the FA in West Ham United?s 3-0 win
over Stoke City last Saturday.
The Argentinian fell to the ground as
he was challenged by the Stoke
defender Erik Pieters to win a penalty at
the Bet365 Stadium, which Mark Noble
scored to give the visiting team the lead.
He has until 6pm today to
respond to the charge that, if upheld,
will mean that he will miss tonight?s
Carabao Cup quarter-final away to
Arsenal and Saturday?s Premier League
match at home to Newcastle United.
The incident was referred to an
independent three-person FA panel
that decided that he had deceived the
referee Graham Scott. Oumar Niasse,
the Everton striker, became the first
Premier League player to be banned for
the ?successful deception of a match
official? last month.
Mark Hughes, the Stoke manager,
accused Lanzini of diving after the
game but David Moyes defended his
player, claiming that he went down as a
result of fatigue having made a 70-yard
run into the penalty area. The West
Ham manager yesterday expressed
surprise at the FA?s decision and left
open the possibility of an appeal.
?I?m going to think about it,? Moyes
said. ?I?m a bit surprised. The referee
was ten yards from the ball, nothing was
blocking his vision, the defender made
a challenge for the ball and didn?t get it.
So they?re going against the referee.
?The Goals on Sunday panel all said it
was a definite penalty. We?re going to
think about whether we appeal or not. I
think it?s strange that three people on
Sunday thought it was a penalty and
three people today think it probably
wasn?t.?
Moyes will not make wholesale
changes for tonight?s game at the
Emirates Stadium, although Joe Hart
will start in goal and Andy Carroll could
Lanzini won a penalty when going to
ground under pressure from Pieters
return after struggling with a bad back.
West Ham will travel across London in
good spirits having taken seven points
out of nine last week, with Moyes
claiming his impact since taking the job
shows that he could manage any club in
the world.
?Joe will definitely start,? Moyes said.
?He has been very good around the
place and he?s ready to play. We don?t
have enough players to make wholesale
changes. The Premier League is a priority but do I want to get to a cup final?
100 per cent, I really do.
?I had to come here and show I can do
it. I think I?m capable of doing the job at
any club in the world, so I?m sure I can
do it at West Ham.?
Ars鑞e Wenger plans to rotate his
squad for tonight?s game, with Theo
Walcott, Jack Wilshere and David
Ospina all likely to be involved. Walcott
is yet to start a Premier League game
this season but has been a regular part
of the second-string side who have
played in the Europa League and
Carabao Cup, and Wenger confirmed
that he would play.
Wilshere has impressed playing 90
minutes in Arsenal?s past two Premier
League games, having begun the
season out of favour. Wenger is without
Aaron Ramsey, who has a hamstring
injury. He expects the Welshman to
return at ?the beginning of January?.
?Some players are a little bit on the
edge,? Wenger said. ?We have so many
quality players who did not start on
Saturday [against Newcastle], so you
cannot say that you prefer to play a
player who has played three games in
six days to a guy who is at the same level
and is completely fresh.
?The players who will start are basically all international players, so that?s
why [squad rotation] makes sense. You
have to show the trust and the confidence that we have in the players who
did not start last week.?
Arsenal (possible; 3-4-2-1): D Ospina ? M Debuchy,
R Holding, N Monreal ? H Beller韓, M Elneny,
J Wilshere, S Kolasinac ? T Walcott, M 謟il ?
O Giroud.
West Ham United (probable; 3-4-3): J Hart ? W Reid,
A Ogbonna, A Cresswell ? P Zabaleta, D Rice, P Obiang,
A Masuaku ? J Hern醤dez, D Sakho, A Ayew.
Referee K Friend.
68
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Tuesday December 19 2017 | the times
Sport The Ashes
Sport
How sad it?s all over
before showpiece
Tests have started
Gideon Haigh
Outclassed, or out of form?
Before the Ashes, England and Australia were thought to be evenly matched.
England, however, have a host of senior players out of form. These charts show
how much (as a percentage) each player's series average has diverged from his
career average. Above the axis is in form; below the axis is out of form.
BATSMEN
Cricket is getting shorter, and not just in
the ways intended. It has taken Australia 15 days to regain the Ashes that they
lost in 14 days just over two years ago.
?Dead Tests? may not be an inappropriate designation in the context of a
trophy with funerary associations. But
it sits oddly with ?live sport?.
Kudos to the Australians. They have
played substantially the better cricket
for significantly longer phases, and
again yesterday, with Mitchell Starc,
Pat Cummins and especially Josh
Hazlewood at their marauding best.
The rivals have not bowled on different
pitches during this Test, but it has
seemed like it.
Steve Smith has displayed a
magnate?s acquisitiveness, in runs, in
tricks, in moments. His impetuosity
with reviews has been faulted. But it?s
almost like an expression of belief in his
own willpower, that if he wants something hard enough it will come true. A
lot of the time, frankly, it does.
England, meanwhile, have been
locked ever tighter into a cycle of the
bowling having to make up for the
batting having to make up for the
bowling . . . with quite a lot of it to make
up for the absence of Ben Stokes. The
crowd has grown used to it, too, not
even troubling yesterday to boo Stuart
Broad.
But 3-0 so soon? It leaves the
summer?s showpiece Tests ? Boxing
Day in Melbourne and new year in
Sydney ? with no bearing on the
series. People will turn up. They loyally
do. And it?s hard to see Australia playing
such demob-happy cricket as England
did at the Oval in 2015 when nothing
was on the line. But it has hardly been
ebb and flow ? more like crash
through or crash. If attention turned
naturally to the Big Bash League, which
commences tonight with its Sydney
derby, it would be no wonder.
Some of the reason was on show in
the damp final morning of the third
Test at the Waca yesterday. There were
mackerel skies, gloomy forecasts,
flurries of inactivity. But the loss of
overs was not, in the end, substantial.
To be saved by weather these days
requires quantities of rain that call
forth arks. Otherwise overs unbowled
one day are added to subsequent days
by reference to sliding scales that result
in starting times of improbable
precision, such as 9.51am or 10.13am,
but better value for spectators.
That leaves a lot of cricket to be
played, and it?s as though the game
burns almost too brightly for sustainability. Three times in the past 13
months, England have made 400 and
lost by an innings. They have become
cricket?s high-rollers.
The Ashes trend is likewise to
extremities. Since the glory days of
2005, there has been but one genuinely
close Ashes Test, Trent Bridge in 2013.
England
In form
Smith
+138.02
Stoneman
Australia
M Marsh
Malan
+732.57
+113.08
Vince
+7.2
+57.39
Paine
Warner
+20.8
+2.21%
Bancroft
Khawaja
0
-26.33
Cook
-70.15%
Out of form
S Marsh
Bairstow
+107.39
+0.98
Root
Ali
-44.23
-45.55
SEAMERS
SPINNER
In form
Anderson
Lyon
-18.1
Hazlewood
-9.9
-5.7
Starc
-25.75
Cummins
+18.56
Woakes
+68.53
Broad
+114.51
Out of form
England
Pre Ashes avg
Batsmen
Alastair Cook
Mark Stoneman
James Vince
Joe Root
Dawid Malan
Jonny Bairstow
Moeen Ali
Seamers
James Anderson
Stuart Broad
Chris Woakes
Spinner
Moeen Ali
Series avg
46.33
30
19.27
53.76
23.62
39.77
34.66
13.83
32.16
30.33
29.33
50.33
40.16
19.33
27.39
28.81
30.6
25.83
61.8
51.57
37.32
105.33
Otherwise the margins have been
blow-outs, both ways.
After only one series whitewash in
the first 130 years of Anglo-Australia
competition, there have been two in the
past 11 years, and one would not bet
against us watching the third.
Certainly, a key indicator in this
series has been the form of the captains,
Smith and Joe Root averaging 142 and
29.33 respectively. If it cannot faithfully
reflect their respective talents, it does
index the degree to which Australia has
overwhelmed its oldest rival.
An away team, moreover, has won
only once in the past 15 years, as tours
have grown more crowded, less forgiving. The 25 scheduled Test days of 201718 span 46 days in total. Before them
three low-key games in empty grounds;
between them another. Little chance to
prepare; no chance to recover. A fiveTest series in these circumstances is
squeezing a quart into a pint pot.
Home-ground advantage really needs
no further skewing.
That is not an excuse for England,
any more than it was an excuse for
Australia
Ali
+182.23
Pre Ashes avg
Batsmen
David Warner
Cameron Bancroft
Usman Khawaja
Steve Smith
Shaun Marsh
Mitchell Marsh
Tim Paine
Seamers
Mitchell Starc
Josh Hazlewood
Pat Cummins
Spinner
Nathan Lyon
Series avg
47.94
31.5
45.47
59.66
36
21.74
35.87
49
31.5
33.5
142
74.66
181
43.33
28.35
25.75
25.38
21.05
23.2
30.09
31.83
26.07
Australia in 2015. Teams should not
concede scores of 662 for nine any
more than they should be bowled out
for 60. But we are in an age of cricket
and cricketers both impactful and
brittle, long on thrust, short on parry.
Much attention, for example, has
focused on Starc?s ball to bowl James
Vince on the fourth evening, deemed
unplayable by many good judges. Yet it
was surely significant how Vince chose
to play Starc, bowling with a low arm
from round the wicket ? naively showing all three stumps and attempting an
attacking flick.
To that point Vince had played freely
and fluently. And perhaps it was the
difference between his missing the ball
by an inch and two feet. But, with his
team three wickets down and 159 runs
in arrears, it had a kamikaze quality.
Root had already given way to his baser
instincts, chasing a wide loosener from
Nathan Lyon that he could only nick.
The Australians pursued their goal
for day 15 with a studied relentlessness,
undistracted by the inauspicious opening when the removal of the covers
ealed hessi
revealed
hessian wet and surface moist
from copious overnight rain, the effect
worsened by the kind of intermittent
sprinklings that leave you unsure whether to cancel your family barbecue.
A slick groundstaff can make the
folding and unfolding of covers look
like a routine at an Olympic opening
ceremony. The hapless crew here
resembled crewmen in a yacht race
trying to secure a flapping spinnaker.
Reports came from the middle that the
pitch was like, variously, Play-Doh,
Plasticine, peat, treacle tart. There was
time to muse on the collective noun for
leafblowers. A scattering? An autumn?
In fact, the pitch cut few capers and
Hazlewood, the least of Australia?s
attack in Brisbane but the best here,
bowled finely. To be fair, it was not truly
a capitulation of the visitors; rather a
subjection. And not an hour after the
fall of the last wicket, it was raining
again. But for all its relevance to
custody of the Ashes, it could rain for
the next month.
6Gideon Haigh is a columnist for The
Australian
Australia ratings
By Will Macpherson
cameron bancroft
Done little since his 82 not out
in Brisbane, not that it matters much
126 runs in series at average of 31.50
warner
5 david
Similar to Bancroft. England?s
plans outside off stump are working
196 runs at 49.00
khawaja
6 usman
Tidy half-century but never
looked totally at ease at the crease
134 runs at 33.50
smith
9 steve
His innings of 239 cemented
his status as a modern great
426 runs at 142.00
marsh
5 shaun
Did well to make it through
with Smith on the second evening
when conditions were tough
224 runs at 74.66
5
the times | Tuesday December 19 2017
69
1G M
Sport
Sport
RYAN PIERSE/GETTY IMAGES; JASON O?BRIEN/PA
I?m gutted ? Australia
have just been better
Craig Overton will head
for the beach in a bid
to get fit for the
final two Tests
W
e have not been good
enough for long
enough in this series
and have let chances
slip, and because of
that we have lost the Ashes before
Christmas. We are gutted but don?t for
a second think that there will be
divisions in the camp or that we see
the series as over. We will be throwing
everything we have at the Melbourne
and Sydney Tests ? we are desperate
to make a mark on the series, even if
it?s too late to win. We will fight until
the very last to do so.
I?m in a battle to be fit for the
Boxing Day Test. Just before lunch on
the fourth day I had to leave the field
after one dive too many in the deep. I
am nursing a hairline fracture to my
rib but the doctor warned me it could
become much worse if I landed the
wrong way ? a proper fracture, or
even a punctured lung. No one needs
that.
I?ve been brought up to fight
through the pain, and I?m not the sort
to leave the field for nothing. This was
similar to the time I played through a
stress fracture, but it would have
taken a broken leg or something like
that to stop me batting to try to save
the game yesterday. All you can do is
dose yourself up and try to get
through it.
I felt like a cross between the
Michelin man and a mummy as I
walked out with a load of extra
padding around a very swollen rib,
and I had to work out new ways of
dealing with the short ball because I
knew there were going to be plenty
coming my way. It?s becoming a way
of life for me and the lads in the tail.
I quickly realised that I was totally
unable to duck so stood as tall as I
could and got a couple to the fence ?
but I did not last long. As I was
walking off, the Aussies were very
close to winning the match and
therefore in a pretty chatty mood. It
was all funny stuff, a bit of banter
about how I?d been putting the injury
on and all that. It?ll take a bit more
than that to upset me.
We will assess my injury over the
next few days. Hopefully it?s just
Sealed with a kiss:
Smith celebrates
Ashes success in just
15 days with Darren
Lehmann, the coach.
Left, Starc, with his
bruised heel in a
bucket of ice, joins
Hazlewood, centre,
and Lyon for a
celebratory beer.
Contrastingly the
dejection felt by
England?s last pair of
Woakes, left, and
Anderson is clear
mitchell marsh
Wicketless, dropped a catch,
then played the innings of his life
181 runs at 181, no wickets
paine
8 tim
Kept superbly and contributed
a handy innings of 49 not out too
130 runs at 43.33; 15 catches, 1 stumping
starc
8 mitchell
Bowled that ball, but was the
weakest Australia seamer otherwise
19 wickets at 21.05; 33 runs at 8.25
cummins
8 pat
Bowled beautifully and bats
like a god, has more runs than Cook
11 wickets at 30.09; 138 runs at 46
lyon
7 nathan
Less effective than normal but
picked up vital wickets
14 wickets at 26.07; 37 runs at 12.33
hazlewood
9 josh
Brilliant five-wicket haul
15 wickets at 23.20; 9 runs at 4.50
8
Total
78
England ratings
alastair cook
Is time running out? It takes a
brave man to write Cook off
83 runs at 13.83
stoneman
6 mark
Gutsiest innings of the tour,
but hasn?t got past 50s in six Tests
193 runs at 32.16
vince
6 james
Gave it away in the first, freak
ball ended his stylish second innings
182 runs at 30.33
root
3 joe
A tough test. Strangled down
leg side then horror shot to Lyon
176 runs at 29.33
malan
8 dawid
Breakthrough Test with a fine
century and battling fifty. More runs
than any England player in 2013-14
302 runs at 50.33
2
jonny bairstow
Kept standards up with the
gloves and scored a superb hundred
241 runs at 40.16; five catches
ali
2 moeen
Is really struggling. Toothless
with the ball and all at sea with bat
116 runs at 19.33; 3 wickets at 105.33
woakes
4 chris
Kept plugging away but found
no lateral movement with the ball
7 wickets at 51.57; 88 runs at 14.66
overton
6 craig
A brave man. Fully committed,
even though he had a broken rib
6 wickets at 37.44; 62 runs at 20.66
broad
2 stuart
Devoid of threat or zip and
should lose the new ball to Woakes
5 wickets at 61.8; 45 runs at 7.50
anderson
6 james
Rewarded when game was up
12 wickets at 25.83; 6 runs at 6.00
8
Total
53
swelling, and will go down as we have
some days off. I won?t rule myself out
of Melbourne. I accept it?s unlikely,
but I?m so desperate to play that I
won?t accept I?m not going to until the
doctors tell me absolutely otherwise.
I?ll be weaning myself off the strong
painkillers, just a few paracetamol to
help me sleep. And no golf! It?ll be
beach time for me.
I first had trouble with my rib in
Adelaide when Pat Cummins hit me
on the chest on the final day. Between
Tests there was a little discomfort but
nothing major at all ? I was bowling
with ease, played golf and the medical
staff were happy I was all good. But
then in my first spell with the ball I
dived to take a caught and bowled off
Usman Khawaja, didn?t quite manage
it and landed very awkwardly. I came
back for my second spell and bowled
a bumper, which instantly caused me
massive pain in the ribs. It wasn?t ideal
because I?d started well, picking up
the wickets of David Warner and
Cameron Bancroft to peg them back
after a decent start to their innings.
After that, we didn?t have an answer
to Steve Smith and Mitchell Marsh,
who batted superbly. It was a struggle
on a very flat pitch, quick outfield and
a ball that goes very soft. All credit to
them, but that was a serious session in
the dirt. The fast bowlers racked up
more than 30 miles each in the field,
with Chris Woakes clocking the most.
Properly brutal stuff.
The final morning of the game was
very strange. It was like club cricket.
The covers had let through some
water overnight and were blowing all
over the shop. Then they were trying
to dry it with leaf-blowers, which we
found bizarre because they splurt cold
air out. I?ve seen them used to get rid
of dust, but not to dry things. It really
didn?t feel like we were waiting to go
out to play Test cricket.
I went out for a couple of looks, but
Joe Root was the main point of
contact, telling us what was going on.
It was all very surreal, and actually a
bit sad that a great ground like the
Waca ended a great Ashes history
with some controversy.
The Aussies were desperate to get
on but early on it was wet, and was
not fit for play. It dried out, on top at
least, and we got on. When we did,
thankfully the ball didn?t misbehave
too much and Australia bowled
brilliantly. In the biggest moments,
they stood up again. Fair play to
them.
Smith sheds tears after
hard work pays dividends
Will Macpherson Perth
Steve Smith cried as he grappled with
guiding his team to victory inside 15
days in his first Ashes series as captain.
Smith scored the biggest and
quickest of his 22 Test centuries in the
third Test, 239, as Australia racked up
662 for nine declared. He also made a
battling hundred, his slowest in Test
cricket, in the opener in Brisbane.
?I was crying in the sheds a minute
ago, everything just came out,? he said.
?We?ve worked incredibly hard. It?s
been a great couple of weeks and I?m
really proud of everyone back in that
room. Everyone?s played a part.?
Smith looked ?at about 35 different
weather sites? to assess the forecast on
the final morning. ?It was a shame that
water was able to get through the covers
at an international venue, but the
umpires made the right call with when
to get the game started,? he said.
The selection of Shaun Marsh, Tim
Paine and latterly Mitchell Marsh, who
made 181 in a record fifth-wicket stand
with Smith here, paid off handsomely
and the captain paid credit to the
selectors. ?A lot of people would say
they made bold moves before the first
Test,? Smith said. ?But each of the guys
they have picked have come in and
done a fabulous job. They cop it a lot of
the time but have to be given credit.?
Australia?s attention turns to a whitewash, which Smith describes as ?the
ultimate goal?. They have named an
unchanged 13-man squad for the
Boxing Day Test in Melbourne, with
fast bowler Mitchell Starc expected to
play in spite of a bruised heel.
70
1G M
Tuesday December 19 2017 | the times
Sport The Ashes
Sport
07:46 GMT on Monday, December 18
The moment England lost the Ashes
Coming months will test Root
Mike Atherton
Chief Cricket
Correspondent,
Perth
Australia v England
Waca (final day of five): Australia beat England by an
innings and 41 runs
It was 14 minutes before 4 o?clock on an
unseasonably cool and rain-splattered
December day in Perth when Pat
Cummins, straining every sinew,
rushed to the crease with every
Australian schoolboy?s fantasy for the
taking. England?s last pair were at
guard, the Ashes beckoned and what
young cricketer does not dream of
administering the last rites and
reclaiming the urn for his country?
Recently the Waca has been the place
where such dreams have been realised
for Australia. This ground, with its
brutal, spare architecture, has been
unforgiving of England, who have now
suffered eight consecutive defeats here,
with the added ignominy of the Ashes
swapping hands on four of those
occasions. Cricket may mourn the
passing of the Waca; England will not.
Before the series, Stuart Broad said
that England would try to ?swarm? all
over Australia but, in truth, they came
with a conservative plan of attack: bat
for a long time; wear Australia?s bowlers
down; take the game deep; bowl dry;
save boundaries; contain and frustrate.
It didn?t work. Joe Root?s team took
each game to the fifth day all right, but
the margins of defeat were immense ?
ten wickets, 120 runs ? before yesterday?s result. The Ashes were prised
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